WorldWideScience

Sample records for agent system solution

  1. Fault Tolerant Software: a Multi Agent System Solution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Caponetti, Fabio; Bergantino, Nicola; Longhi, Sauro

    2009-01-01

    Development of high dependable systems remains a labour intensive task. This paper explores recent advances on the adaptation of the software agent architecture for control application while looking to dependability issues. Multiple agent systems theory will be reviewed giving methods to supervise...... it. Software ageing is shown to be the most common problem and rejuvenation its counteract. The paper will show how an agent population can be monitored, faulty agents isolated and reloaded in a healthy state, hence rejuvenated. The aim is to propose an architecture as basis for the design of control...... software able to tolerate faults and residual bugs without the need of maintenance stops....

  2. A decontamination system for chemical weapons agents using a liquid solution on a solid sorbent

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A decontamination system for chemical warfare agents was developed and tested that combines a liquid decontamination reagent solution with solid sorbent particles. The components have fewer safety and environmental concerns than traditional chlorine bleach-based products or highly caustic solutions. The liquid solution, based on Decon GreenTM, has hydrogen peroxide and a carbonate buffer as active ingredients. The best solid sorbents were found to be a copolymer of ethylene glycol dimethacrylate and n-lauryl methacrylate (Polytrap 6603 Adsorber); or an allyl methacrylate cross-linked polymer (Poly-Pore E200 Adsorber). These solids are human and environmentally friendly and are commonly used in cosmetics. The decontaminant system was tested for reactivity with pinacolyl methylphosphonofluoridate (Soman, GD), bis(2-chloroethyl)sulfide (Mustard, HD), and S-(2-diisopropylaminoethyl) O-ethyl methylphosphonothioate (VX) by using NMR Spectroscopy. Molybdate ion (MoO4-2) was added to the decontaminant to catalyze the oxidation of HD. The molybdate ion provided a color change from pink to white when the oxidizing capacity of the system was exhausted. The decontaminant was effective for ratios of agent to decontaminant of up to 1:50 for VX (t1/2 ≤ 4 min), 1:10 for HD (t1/2 1/2 < 2 min). The vapor concentrations of GD above the dry sorbent and the sorbent with decontamination solution were measured to show that the sorbent decreased the vapor concentration of GD. The E200 sorbent had the additional advantage of absorbing aqueous decontamination solution without the addition of an organic co-solvent such as isopropanol, but the rate depended strongly on mixing for HD

  3. Emergence of robust solutions to 0-1 optimization problems in multi-agent systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    formation principles in engineering by designing multi-agent systems with appropriate interactions. By extracting selection processes as one of the main principles of pattern formation, we bridge the gap between detailed knowledge of self-organization in complex systems in natural science and its...... constructive application in engineering. The approach is demonstrated by giving two examples: First, time-dependent robot-target assignment problems with several autonomous robots and several targets are considered as model of flexible manufacturing systems. Each manufacturing target has to be served...... in a given time interval by one and only one robot and the total working costs have to be minimized (or total profits maximized). A specifically constructed dynamical system approach (coupled selection equations) is used which is based on pattern formation principles and results in fault resistant and robust...

  4. Solutions to Burnout and Retention as Perceived by County Extension Agents of the Colorado State University Extension System

    OpenAIRE

    Matt Benge; Amy Harder; Jeff Goodwin

    2015-01-01

    This study explored solutions to the issue of burnout and retention of Extension agents. Extension agents experience burnout for reasons such as long hours, stress, and organizational factors. As Extension administration addresses job satisfaction and performance of Extension employees, burnout and retention issues identified in this study can facilitate efforts to enhance the effectiveness of a statewide Extension program. Herzberg’s Motivation-Hygiene Theory was the theoretical framework fo...

  5. Solutions to Burnout and Retention as Perceived by County Extension Agents of the Colorado State University Extension System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matt Benge

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This study explored solutions to the issue of burnout and retention of Extension agents. Extension agents experience burnout for reasons such as long hours, stress, and organizational factors. As Extension administration addresses job satisfaction and performance of Extension employees, burnout and retention issues identified in this study can facilitate efforts to enhance the effectiveness of a statewide Extension program. Herzberg’s Motivation-Hygiene Theory was the theoretical framework for this study. Researchers used the constant-comparative method of analysis to identify recurring themes from the open-ended items of an online-administered survey. Twelve primary themes emerged, including (a compensation, (b hiring practices, (c promotion and advancement within Extension, (d organizational support regarding agent development, (e organizational support regarding administration, (f organizational support regarding colleagues, (g reporting, (h recognition, (i resources, (j personnel and staffing, (k evaluation of administration and specialists, and (l workload. Results suggest that Extension administration should focus on the maintenance factors of compensation, workload, and internal promotion and advancement, as well as motivating factors, to improve retention of Extension agents.

  6. Agent and multi-Agent systems in distributed systems digital economy and e-commerce

    CERN Document Server

    Hartung, Ronald

    2013-01-01

    Information and communication technology, in particular artificial intelligence, can be used to support economy and commerce using digital means. This book is about agents and multi-agent distributed systems applied to digital economy and e-commerce to meet, improve, and overcome challenges in the digital economy and e-commerce sphere. Agent and multi-agent solutions are applied in implementing real-life, exciting developments associated with the need to eliminate problems of distributed systems.   The book presents solutions for both technology and applications, illustrating the possible uses of agents in the enterprise domain, covering design and analytic methods, needed to provide a solid foundation required for practical systems. More specifically, the book provides solutions for the digital economy, e-sourcing clusters in network economy, and knowledge exchange between agents applicable to online trading agents, and security solutions to both digital economy and e-commerce. Furthermore, it offers soluti...

  7. Programming multi-agent systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dastani, Mehdi

    2015-01-01

    With the significant advances in the area of autonomous agents and multi-agent systems in the last decade, promising technologies for the development and engineering of multi-agent systems have emerged. The result is a variety of agent-oriented programming languages, development frameworks, executio

  8. Synergism of the method of characteristic, R-functions and diffusion solution for accurate representation of 3D neutron interactions in research reactors using the AGENT code system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hursin, Mathieu [School of Nuclear Engineering, Purdue University, 400 Central Drive, IN 47907 (United States); Xiao Shanjie [School of Nuclear Engineering, Purdue University, 400 Central Drive, IN 47907 (United States); Jevremovic, Tatjana [School of Nuclear Engineering, Purdue University, 400 Central Drive, IN 47907 (United States)]. E-mail: tatjanaj@purdue.edu

    2006-09-15

    This paper summarizes the theoretical and numerical aspects of the AGENT code methodology accurately applied for detailed three-dimensional (3D) multigroup steady-state modeling of neutron interactions in complex heterogeneous reactor domains. For the first time we show the fine-mesh neutron scalar flux distribution in Purdue research reactor (that was built over forty years ago). The AGENT methodology is based on the unique combination of the three theories: the method of characteristics (MOC) used to simulate the neutron transport in two-dimensional (2D) whole core heterogeneous calculation, the theory of R-functions used as a mathematical tool to describe the true geometry and fuse with the MOC equations, and one-dimensional (1D) higher-order diffusion correction of 2D transport model to account for full 3D heterogeneous whole core representation. The synergism between the radial 2D transport and the 1D axial transport (to take into account the axial neutron interactions and leakage), called the 2D/1D method (used in DeCART and CHAPLET codes), provides a 3D computational solution. The unique synergism between the AGENT geometrical algorithm capable of modeling any current or future reactor core geometry and 3D neutron transport methodology is described in details. The 3D AGENT accuracy and its efficiency are demonstrated showing the eigenvalues, point-wise flux and reaction rate distributions in representative reactor geometries. The AGENT code, comprising this synergism, represents a building block of the computational system, called the virtual reactor. Its main purpose is to perform 'virtual' experiments and demonstrations of various mainly university research reactor experiments.

  9. Synergism of the method of characteristic, R-functions and diffusion solution for accurate representation of 3D neutron interactions in research reactors using the AGENT code system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper summarizes the theoretical and numerical aspects of the AGENT code methodology accurately applied for detailed three-dimensional (3D) multigroup steady-state modeling of neutron interactions in complex heterogeneous reactor domains. For the first time we show the fine-mesh neutron scalar flux distribution in Purdue research reactor (that was built over forty years ago). The AGENT methodology is based on the unique combination of the three theories: the method of characteristics (MOC) used to simulate the neutron transport in two-dimensional (2D) whole core heterogeneous calculation, the theory of R-functions used as a mathematical tool to describe the true geometry and fuse with the MOC equations, and one-dimensional (1D) higher-order diffusion correction of 2D transport model to account for full 3D heterogeneous whole core representation. The synergism between the radial 2D transport and the 1D axial transport (to take into account the axial neutron interactions and leakage), called the 2D/1D method (used in DeCART and CHAPLET codes), provides a 3D computational solution. The unique synergism between the AGENT geometrical algorithm capable of modeling any current or future reactor core geometry and 3D neutron transport methodology is described in details. The 3D AGENT accuracy and its efficiency are demonstrated showing the eigenvalues, point-wise flux and reaction rate distributions in representative reactor geometries. The AGENT code, comprising this synergism, represents a building block of the computational system, called the virtual reactor. Its main purpose is to perform 'virtual' experiments and demonstrations of various mainly university research reactor experiments

  10. Traffic Signal Using Smart Agent System

    OpenAIRE

    Cheonshik Kim; You S. Hong

    2008-01-01

    In this research, we propose an electro-sensitive traffic light using the smart agent algorithm to reduce traffic congestion and traffic accidents. The multi-agent system approach can provide a new and preferable solution. The proposed method adaptively controls the cycle of traffic signals even though the traffic volume varies. Consequently, we reduce the car waiting time and start-up delay time using fuzzy control of feedback data. In particular, we have designed and implemented a system to...

  11. Agent Systems in Software Engineering

    OpenAIRE

    Lazarou, Vasilios S.; Gardikiotis, Spyridon K.; Malevris, Nicos

    2008-01-01

    In this chapter, the application of multi-agent systems to tackle the software engineering task was outlined. The concentration was on the employment of agent technology in order to deal with distributed software systems and mainly distributed database applications and web applications. The rationale behind utilizing agent technology has to do with the multi-tier architecture and the associated inherent complication of distributed applications and the required interoperability of software res...

  12. Ecology Based Decentralized Agent Management System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peysakhov, Maxim D.; Cicirello, Vincent A.; Regli, William C.

    2004-01-01

    The problem of maintaining a desired number of mobile agents on a network is not trivial, especially if we want a completely decentralized solution. Decentralized control makes a system more r e bust and less susceptible to partial failures. The problem is exacerbated on wireless ad hoc networks where host mobility can result in significant changes in the network size and topology. In this paper we propose an ecology-inspired approach to the management of the number of agents. The approach associates agents with living organisms and tasks with food. Agents procreate or die based on the abundance of uncompleted tasks (food). We performed a series of experiments investigating properties of such systems and analyzed their stability under various conditions. We concluded that the ecology based metaphor can be successfully applied to the management of agent populations on wireless ad hoc networks.

  13. 10th International Conference on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Pérez, Javier; Golinska, Paulina; Giroux, Sylvain; Corchuelo, Rafael; Trends in Practical Applications of Agents and Multiagent Systems

    2012-01-01

    PAAMS, the International Conference on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems is an evolution of the International Workshop on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems. PAAMS is an international yearly tribune to present, to discuss, and to disseminate the latest developments and the most important outcomes related to real-world applications. It provides a unique opportunity to bring multi-disciplinary experts, academics and practitioners together to exchange their experience in the development of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems.   This volume presents the papers that have been accepted for the 2012 in the workshops: Workshop on Agents for Ambient Assisted Living, Workshop on Agent-Based Solutions for Manufacturing and Supply Chain and Workshop on Agents and Multi-agent systems for Enterprise Integration.

  14. Distributed reinforcement learning in multi-agent decision systems

    OpenAIRE

    Giráldez, J. Ignacio; Borrajo, Daniel

    1998-01-01

    Decision problems can be usually solved using systems that implement different paradigms. These systems may be integrated into a single distributed system, with the expectation of obtaining a group performance more satisfactory than individual performances. Such a distributed system is what we call a Multi Agent Decision System (MADES), a special kind of Multi Agent System, that integrates several heterogeneous autonomous decision systems (agents). A MADES must produce a single solution propo...

  15. Traffic Signal Using Smart Agent System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheonshik Kim

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In this research, we propose an electro-sensitive traffic light using the smart agent algorithm to reduce traffic congestion and traffic accidents. The multi-agent system approach can provide a new and preferable solution. The proposed method adaptively controls the cycle of traffic signals even though the traffic volume varies. Consequently, we reduce the car waiting time and start-up delay time using fuzzy control of feedback data. In particular, we have designed and implemented a system to create optimum traffic signals in congested conditions. The effectiveness of this method was shown through simulation of multiple intersections.

  16. Agents-based distributed processes control systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian Gligor

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Large industrial distributed systems have revealed a remarkable development in recent years. We may note an increase of their structural and functional complexity, at the same time with those on requirements side. These are some reasons why there are involvednumerous researches, energy and resources to solve problems related to these types of systems. The paper addresses the issue of industrial distributed systems with special attention being given to the distributed industrial processes control systems. A solution for a distributed process control system based on mobile intelligent agents is presented.The main objective of the proposed system is to provide an optimal solution in terms of costs, maintenance, reliability and flexibility. The paper focuses on requirements, architecture, functionality and advantages brought by the proposed solution.

  17. Solutions on embedded systems

    CERN Document Server

    Seepold, Ralf E D; Madrid, Natividad Martinez

    2011-01-01

    Embedded systems have an increasing importance in our everyday lives. The growing complexity of embedded systems and the emerging trend to interconnections between them lead to new challenges. Intelligent solutions are necessary to overcome these challenges and to provide reliable and secure systems to the customer under a strict time and financial budget. ""Solutions on Embedded Systems"" documents results of several innovative approaches that provide intelligent solutions in embedded systems. The objective is to present mature approaches, to provide detailed information on the implementation

  18. Building Multi-Agent Systems Using Jason

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boss, Niklas Skamriis; Jensen, Andreas Schmidt; Villadsen, Jørgen

    2010-01-01

    Technical University of Denmark (DTU). A part of this course was a short introduction to the multi-agent framework Jason, which is an interpreter for AgentSpeak, an agent-oriented programming language. As the final project in this course a solution to the Multi-Agent Programming Contest from 2007, the Gold...

  19. Multi-agent autonomous system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fink, Wolfgang (Inventor); Dohm, James (Inventor); Tarbell, Mark A. (Inventor)

    2010-01-01

    A multi-agent autonomous system for exploration of hazardous or inaccessible locations. The multi-agent autonomous system includes simple surface-based agents or craft controlled by an airborne tracking and command system. The airborne tracking and command system includes an instrument suite used to image an operational area and any craft deployed within the operational area. The image data is used to identify the craft, targets for exploration, and obstacles in the operational area. The tracking and command system determines paths for the surface-based craft using the identified targets and obstacles and commands the craft using simple movement commands to move through the operational area to the targets while avoiding the obstacles. Each craft includes its own instrument suite to collect information about the operational area that is transmitted back to the tracking and command system. The tracking and command system may be further coupled to a satellite system to provide additional image information about the operational area and provide operational and location commands to the tracking and command system.

  20. UTBot: A Virtual Agent Platform for Teaching Agent System Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    In-Cheol Kim

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available We introduce UTBot, a virtual agent platform for teaching agent system design. UTBot implements a client for the Unreal Tournament game server and Gamebots system. It provides students with the basic functionality required to start developing their own intelligent virtual agents to play autonomously UT games. UTBot includes a generic agent architecture, CAA (Context-sensitive Agent Architecture, a domain-specific world model, a visualization tool, several basic strategies (represented by internal modes and internal behaviors, and skills (represented by external behaviors. The CAA architecture can support complex long-term behaviors as well as reactive short-term behaviors. It also realizes high context-sensitivity of behaviors. We also discuss our experience using UTBot as a pedagogical tool for teaching agent system design in undergraduate Artificial Intelligence course.

  1. Reimplementing a Multi-Agent System in Python

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villadsen, Jørgen; Jensen, Andreas Schmidt; Ettienne, Mikko Berggren;

    2013-01-01

    We provide a brief description of our Python-DTU system, including the overall design, the tools and the algorithms that we used in the Multi-Agent Programming Contest 2012, where the scenario was called Agents on Mars like in 2011. Our solution is an improvement of our Python-DTU system from last...

  2. Reimplementing a Multi-Agent System in Python

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villadsen, Jørgen; Jensen, Andreas Schmidt; Ettienne, Mikko Berggren;

    2012-01-01

    We provide a brief description of our Python-DTU system, including the overall design, the tools and the algorithms that we used in the Multi-Agent Programming Contest 2012, where the scenario was called Agents on Mars like in 2011. Our solution is an improvement of our Python-DTU system from last...

  3. Mobile agents for distributed decision support systems

    OpenAIRE

    Blaz Rodič

    2011-01-01

    This article focuses on the performance of Java based mobile agents using format translation via an intermediary XML based format. Our goal was to develop and verify the performance of a lightweight, mobile agent based solution that would allow strong security, portability and access to heterogeneous data resources from a mobile platform to facilitate exchange of data between simulation models and data resources. We have developed two types of agents: a mobile agent that functions as a server...

  4. Anchor Toolkit - a secure mobile agent system

    OpenAIRE

    Mudumbai, Srilekha S.; Johnston, William; Essiari, Abdelilah

    2008-01-01

    Mobile agent technology facilitates intelligent operation in software systems with less human interaction. Major challenge to deployment of mobile agents include secure transmission of agents and preventing unauthorized access to resources between interacting systems, as either hosts, or agents, or both can act maliciously. The Anchor toolkit, designed by LBNL, handles the transmission and secure management of mobile agents in a heterogeneous distributed computing environment. It provide...

  5. Distributed Human Resource Redistribution System Based on Agent and Ontology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Xiangquan; Wang Ningsheng; Long Wen

    2006-01-01

    A computer system for human resource (HR) redistribution system is presented to solve the balance problem of the "surplus resources" and "surplus tasks" among a group of project units. The system architecture is designed in a compositional manner using the elements of agent technology and knowledge technology. A combination of generic agent models, ontology and knowledge provides an effective approach to address the dynamic, distributed and knowledge-intensive characters of the HR management. In the system, the broker agent acting as intermediary provides matchmaking services to the domain agents, and the individual domain agents communicate directly with each other. The HR ontology provides the semantic match of the surplus task and the surplus resource. Finally, an application example is presented to illustrate the achieved solution for a concrete scenario. This novel way offers a comprehensive HR exchange solution and is suitable for both intra-organizational and inter-organizational HR management.

  6. Research on Cognitive Cooperation in Multi-Agent Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    The accomplishment of a complex problem usually involves cooperation between participators with different knowledge background concerned. This paper identifies inter-dependency between different sub problems (through problem decomposition) as the major factor that influences cooperative relations in multi-Agent systems, based on which we propose an efficient means to measure cooperation coefficient (degree) between different Agents. Then cognitive cooperation between Agents is analyzed which aims at collecting the wisdom of the cognitive community for a systematic solution to the overall problem.

  7. Designing a Multi Agent System Architecture for IT Governance Platform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. ELHASNAOUI

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a multi-agents architecture which facilitates the integration of three major IT governance frameworks: COBIT5, ITIL V3 and ISO/IEC27002, to optimize the construction of a distributed system. This architecture proposes a new and easier method to develop a distributed multi agents system, where agents involved in this system can communicate in a distributed way thanks to functionalities offered by the system. It gives finally an overview of implementation of a prototype of the proposed solution limited for the moment to integration of processes most used in the majority of information systems.

  8. An Agent-Based Distributed Manufacturing System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    J.Li; J.Y.H.Fuh; Y.F.Zhang; A.Y.C.Nee

    2006-01-01

    Agent theories have shown their promising capability in solving distributed complex system ever since its development. In this paper, one multi-agent based distributed product design and manufacturing planning system is presented. The objective of the research is to develop a distributed collaborative design environment for supporting cooperation among the existing engineering functions. In the system, the functional agents for design, manufacturability evaluation,process planning and scheduling are efficiently integrated with a facilitator agent. This paper firstly gives an introduction to the system structure, and the definitions for each executive agent are then described and a prototype of the proposed is also included at the end part.

  9. Stability of Evolving Multi-Agent Systems

    CERN Document Server

    De Wilde, Philippe; 10.1109/TSMCB.2011.2110642

    2011-01-01

    A Multi-Agent System is a distributed system where the agents or nodes perform complex functions that cannot be written down in analytic form. Multi-Agent Systems are highly connected, and the information they contain is mostly stored in the connections. When agents update their state, they take into account the state of the other agents, and they have access to those states via the connections. There is also external, user-generated input into the Multi-Agent System. As so much information is stored in the connections, agents are often memory-less. This memory-less property, together with the randomness of the external input, has allowed us to model Multi-Agent Systems using Markov chains. In this paper, we look at Multi-Agent Systems that evolve, i.e. the number of agents varies according to the fitness of the individual agents. We extend our Markov chain model, and define stability. This is the start of a methodology to control Multi-Agent Systems. We then build upon this to construct an entropy-based defi...

  10. Simulation of multi-agent manufacturing systems using agent-based modelling platforms

    OpenAIRE

    Barbosa, José; Leitão, Paulo

    2011-01-01

    Multi-agent systems (MAS) are driving the way to design and engineer control solutions that exhibit flexibility, adaptation and reconfigurability, which are important advantages over traditional centralized systems. The understanding, design and testing of such distributed agentbased approaches, and particularly those exhibiting self-* properties, are usually a hard task. Simulation assumes a crucial role to analyse the behaviour of MAS solutions during the design phase and before its deploym...

  11. Integration of Agent System with Legacy Software

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHEN Qi; ZHAO Yan-hong; YIN Zhao-lin

    2003-01-01

    Agent technique is a new method that can analyze, design and realize a distributed open system. It has been used in almost every field. But if act for the real practical words in technique, it must integrate with legacy software, such as database system etc, and control them. This paper introduces the specification of agent software integration, ontology, instances database as implementing agent software integration with CORBA technique and takes XML, ACL as language communicating among agents.

  12. Solution of Nonlinear Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, L. R.

    1960-01-01

    The problem of solving systems of nonlinear equations has been relatively neglected in the mathematical literature, especially in the textbooks, in comparison to the corresponding linear problem. Moreover, treatments that have an appearance of generality fail to discuss the nature of the solutions and the possible pitfalls of the methods suggested. Probably it is unrealistic to expect that a unified and comprehensive treatment of the subject will evolve, owing to the great variety of situations possible, especially in the applied field where some requirement of human or mechanical efficiency is always present. Therefore we attempt here simply to pose the problem and to describe and partially appraise the methods of solution currently in favor.

  13. Mobile agents for distributed decision support systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blaz Rodič

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the performance of Java based mobile agents using format translation via an intermediary XML based format. Our goal was to develop and verify the performance of a lightweight, mobile agent based solution that would allow strong security, portability and access to heterogeneous data resources from a mobile platform to facilitate exchange of data between simulation models and data resources. We have developed two types of agents: a mobile agent that functions as a server for queries in SQL and converts the query results into XML documents and a stationary agent acting as a client for query forwarding and conversion of received documents into text files readable by a client application. We have tested the performance of the agents in a distributed simulation scenario and established that the agents can be used to connect heterogeneous simulation models and other applications, improving their connectivity and usability.

  14. Massive Multi-Agent Systems Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campagne, Jean-Charles; Gardon, Alain; Collomb, Etienne; Nishida, Toyoaki

    2004-01-01

    In order to build massive multi-agent systems, considered as complex and dynamic systems, one needs a method to analyze and control the system. We suggest an approach using morphology to represent and control the state of large organizations composed of a great number of light software agents. Morphology is understood as representing the state of the multi-agent system as shapes in an abstract geometrical space, this notion is close to the notion of phase space in physics.

  15. A multi-agent system with application in project scheduling

    OpenAIRE

    Constanța Nicoleta BODEA; Ileana Ruxandra BADEA; Radu-Ioan MOGOȘ

    2011-01-01

    The new economic and social dynamics increase project complexity and makes scheduling problems more difficult, therefore scheduling requires more versatile solutions as Multi Agent Systems (MAS). In this paper the authors analyze the implementation of a Multi-Agent System (MAS) considering two scheduling problems: TCPSP (Time-Constrained Project Scheduling), and RCPSP (Resource-Constrained Project Scheduling). The authors propose an improved BDI (Beliefs, Desires, and Intentions) model and pr...

  16. Cooperative planning in multi-agent systems

    OpenAIRE

    Torreño Lerma, Alejandro

    2016-01-01

    [EN] Automated planning is a centralized process in which a single planning entity, or agent, synthesizes a course of action, or plan, that satisfies a desired set of goals from an initial situation. A Multi-Agent System (MAS) is a distributed system where a group of autonomous agents pursue their own goals in a reactive, proactive and social way. Multi-Agent Planning (MAP) is a novel research field that emerges as the integration of automated planning in MAS. Agents are endowed with plan...

  17. Anchor Toolkit - a secure mobile agent system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mudumbai, Srilekha S.; Johnston, William; Essiari, Abdelilah

    1999-05-19

    Mobile agent technology facilitates intelligent operation insoftware systems with less human interaction. Major challenge todeployment of mobile agents include secure transmission of agents andpreventing unauthorized access to resources between interacting systems,as either hosts, or agents, or both can act maliciously. The Anchortoolkit, designed by LBNL, handles the transmission and secure managementof mobile agents in a heterogeneous distributed computing environment. Itprovides users with the option of incorporating their security managers.This paper concentrates on the architecture, features, access control anddeployment of Anchor toolkit. Application of this toolkit in a securedistributed CVS environment is discussed as a case study.

  18. An Agent Framework of Tourism Recommender System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jia Zhi Yang

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes the development of an Agent framework for tourism recommender system. The recommender system can be featured as an online web application which is capable of generating a personalized list of preference attractions for tourists. Traditional technologies of classical recommender system application domains, such as collaborative filtering, content-based filtering and content-based filtering are effectively adopted in the framework. In the framework they are constructed as Agents that can generate recommendations respectively. Recommender Agent can generate recommender information by integrating the recommendations of Content-based Agent, collaborative filtering-based Agent and constraint-based Agent. In order to make the performance more effective, linear combination method of data fusion is applied. User interface is provided by the tourist Agent in form of webpages and mobile app.

  19. Reviewing Microgrids from a Multi-Agent Systems Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge J. Gomez-Sanz

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The construction of Smart Grids leads to the main question of what kind of intelligence such grids require and how to build it. Some authors choose an agent based solution to realize this intelligence. However, there may be some misunderstandings in the way this technology is being applied. This paper exposes some considerations of this subject, focusing on the Microgrid level, and shows a practical example through INGENIAS methodology, which is a methodology for the development of Agent Oriented systems that applies Model Driven Development techniques to produce fully functional Multi-Agent Systems.

  20. FRAMEWORK ARCHITECTURE FOR IMPROVING HEALTHCARE INFORMATION SYSTEMS USING AGENT TECHNOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Omar Al-Sakran

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Due to diversity, heterogeneity and complexity of the existing healthcare structure, providing suitable healthcare services is a complicated process. This work describes the conceptual design of an e-healthcare system, which implements integration strategies and suitable technologies that will handle the interoperability problem among its essential components. The proposed solution combines intelligent agent technology and case based reasoning for highly distributed applications in healthcare environment. Intelligent agents play a critical role in providing correct information for diagnostic, treatment, etc. They work on behalf of human agents taking care of routine tasks, thus increasing speed and reliability of the information exchanges. CBR is used to generate advices to a certain e-healthcare problems by analyzing solutions given to previously solved problems and to build intelligent systems for disease diagnostics and prognosis. Preliminary experimental simulation based on Agent Development Framework (JADE demonstrated the feasibility of this model.

  1. Evolutionary algorithms and multi-agent systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Jae C.

    2006-05-01

    This paper discusses how evolutionary algorithms are related to multi-agent systems and the possibility of military applications using the two disciplines. In particular, we present a game theoretic model for multi-agent resource distribution and allocation where agents in the environment must help each other to survive. Each agent maintains a set of variables representing actual friendship and perceived friendship. The model directly addresses problems in reputation management schemes in multi-agent systems and Peer-to-Peer distributed systems. We present algorithms based on evolutionary game process for maintaining the friendship values as well as a utility equation used in each agent's decision making. For an application problem, we adapted our formal model to the military coalition support problem in peace-keeping missions. Simulation results show that efficient resource allocation and sharing with minimum communication cost is achieved without centralized control.

  2. An Agent Based Software Approach towards Building Complex Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Latika Kharb

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Agent-oriented techniques represent an exciting new means of analyzing, designing and building complex software systems. They have the potential to significantly improve current practice in software engineering and to extend the range of applications that can feasibly be tackled. Yet, to date, there have been few serious attempts to cast agent systems as a software engineering paradigm. This paper seeks to rectify this omission. Specifically, points to be argued include:firstly, the conceptual apparatus of agent-oriented systems is well-suited to building software solutions for complex systems and secondly, agent-oriented approaches represent a genuine advance over the current state of the art for engineering complex systems. Following on from this view, the major issues raised by adopting an agentoriented approach to software engineering are highlighted and discussed in this paper.

  3. Implementing a Multi-Agent System in Python

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ettienne, Mikko Berggren; Vester, Steen; Villadsen, Jørgen

    2012-01-01

    We describe the solution used by the Python-DTU team in the Multi-Agent Programming Contest 2011, where the scenario was called Agents on Mars. We present our auction-based agreement, area controlling and pathfinding algorithms and discuss our chosen strategy and our choice of technology used for...... implementing the system. Finally, we present an analysis of the results of the competition as well as propose areas of improvement....

  4. AGENT-BASED DESIGN OF BUSINESS INTELLIGENCE SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE

    OpenAIRE

    Roman Å PERKA

    2012-01-01

    Business intelligence is a business management term used to describe applications and technologies which are used to gather, provide access to, and analyse data and information about the organization, to help make better business decisions. The multi-agent approach provides a feasible solution for construction of the business intelligence system. This paper firstly briefly introduces the traditional business intelligence architecting principles and multi-agent approach. Secondly, a design of ...

  5. Identity Management in Agent Systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brazier, F.M.T.; Groot, de D.R.A.

    2006-01-01

    If agent-based applications are to be used in large scale, open environments, security is a main issue; digital identity management (DIDM) an essential element. DIDM is needed to be able to determine the rights and obligations of the four main

  6. Multi-agent systems simulation and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Uhrmacher, Adelinde M

    2009-01-01

    Methodological Guidelines for Modeling and Developing MAS-Based SimulationsThe intersection of agents, modeling, simulation, and application domains has been the subject of active research for over two decades. Although agents and simulation have been used effectively in a variety of application domains, much of the supporting research remains scattered in the literature, too often leaving scientists to develop multi-agent system (MAS) models and simulations from scratch. Multi-Agent Systems: Simulation and Applications provides an overdue review of the wide ranging facets of MAS simulation, i

  7. Agent architecture for intelligent manufacturing systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Madejski

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Analysis is made of requirements posed by tasks of agents operating in the intelligent manufacturing systems and their resulting architecture is presented.Design/methodology/approach: Architecture of agent systems for industrial environment is presented, making it possible to generate the particular agents customised for the specific tasks, based on the automatic analysis of its required features.Findings: Extension of cellular automata approach underlying the conventional agent behaviour specification using the Fuzzy Cognitive Maps is presented in conjunction with the neural networks providing learning capability of the agents designed for the various levels of the manufacturing supervisory and execution systems. Adding reaction time specification to FCM makes it possible to analyse and design systems with the required behaviour.Research limitations/implications: Specific features of the designed agent architecture have been tested as separate mechanisms which can be merged into the final comprehensive at a later stage.Originality/value: Agent architecture is proposed for the industrial applications of single agents and their groups that can collaborate to achieve the individual and joint goals specified in reaction to changing environment conditions and into their agendas in XML format. Automatic generation of custom agent reactions models can be carried out based on a set of requirements that may be specified in the if-then rules form.

  8. Assurance in Agent-Based Systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Our vision of the future of information systems is one that includes engineered collectives of software agents which are situated in an environment over years and which increasingly improve the performance of the overall system of which they are a part. At a minimum, the movement of agent and multi-agent technology into National Security applications, including their use in information assurance, is apparent today. The use of deliberative, autonomous agents in high-consequence/high-security applications will require a commensurate level of protection and confidence in the predictability of system-level behavior. At Sandia National Laboratories, we have defined and are addressing a research agenda that integrates the surety (safety, security, and reliability) into agent-based systems at a deep level. Surety is addressed at multiple levels: The integrity of individual agents must be protected by addressing potential failure modes and vulnerabilities to malevolent threats. Providing for the surety of the collective requires attention to communications surety issues and mechanisms for identifying and working with trusted collaborators. At the highest level, using agent-based collectives within a large-scale distributed system requires the development of principled design methods to deliver the desired emergent performance or surety characteristics. This position paper will outline the research directions underway at Sandia, will discuss relevant work being performed elsewhere, and will report progress to date toward assurance in agent-based systems

  9. Learning Strategies in Multi-Agent Systems - Applications to the Herding Problem

    OpenAIRE

    Gadre, Aditya Shrikant

    2001-01-01

    "Multi-Agent systems" is a topic for a lot of research, especially research involving strategy, evolution and cooperation among various agents. Various learning algorithm schemes have been proposed such as reinforcement learning and evolutionary computing. In this thesis two solutions to a multi-agent herding problem are presented. One solution is based on Q-learning algorithm, while the other is based on modeling of artificial immune system. Q-learning solution for the herdin...

  10. Exchanging large data object in multi-agent systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Yaseen, Wathiq Laftah; Othman, Zulaiha Ali; Nazri, Mohd Zakree Ahmad

    2016-08-01

    One of the Business Intelligent solutions that is currently in use is the Multi-Agent System (MAS). Communication is one of the most important elements in MAS, especially for exchanging large low level data between distributed agents (physically). The Agent Communication Language in JADE has been offered as a secure method for sending data, whereby the data is defined as an object. However, the object cannot be used to send data to another agent in a different location. Therefore, the aim of this paper was to propose a method for the exchange of large low level data as an object by creating a proxy agent known as a Delivery Agent, which temporarily imitates the Receiver Agent. The results showed that the proposed method is able to send large-sized data. The experiments were conducted using 16 datasets ranging from 100,000 to 7 million instances. However, for the proposed method, the RAM and the CPU machine had to be slightly increased for the Receiver Agent, but the latency time was not significantly different compared to the use of the Java Socket method (non-agent and less secure). With such results, it was concluded that the proposed method can be used to securely send large data between agents.

  11. Autonomic Management for Multi-agent Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadir kamal Salih

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Autonomic computing is a computing system that can manage itself by self-configuration, self-healing, self-optimizing and self-protection. Researchers have been emphasizing the strong role that multi agent systems can play progressively towards the design and implementation of complex autonomic systems. The important of autonomic computing is to create computing systems capable of managing themselves to a far greater extent than they do today. With the nature of autonomy, reactivity, sociality and pro-activity, software agents are promising to make autonomic computing system a reality. This paper mixed multi-agent system with autonomic feature that completely hides its complexity from users/services. Mentioned Java Application Development Framework (JADE as platform example of this environment, could applied to web services as front end to users. With multi agent support it also provides adaptability, intelligence, collaboration, goal oriented interactions, flexibility, mobility and persistence in software systems.

  12. Autonomic Management for Multi-agent Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Salih, Nadir K; Viju, PG K; Mohamed, Abdelmotalib A

    2011-01-01

    Autonomic computing is a computing system that can manage itself by self-configuration, self-healing, self-optimizing and self-protection. Researchers have been emphasizing the strong role that multi agent systems can play progressively towards the design and implementation of complex autonomic systems. The important of autonomic computing is to create computing systems capable of managing themselves to a far greater extent than they do today. With the nature of autonomy, reactivity, sociality and pro-activity, software agents are promising to make autonomic computing system a reality. This paper mixed multi-agent system with autonomic feature that completely hides its complexity from users/services. Mentioned Java Application Development Framework as platform example of this environment, could applied to web services as front end to users. With multi agent support it also provides adaptability, intelligence, collaboration, goal oriented interactions, flexibility, mobility and persistence in software systems

  13. Transient Diversity in Multi-Agent Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Lyback, David

    2003-01-01

    Diversity is an important aspect of highly efficient multi-agent teams. We introduce the main factors that drive a multi-agent system in either direction along the diversity scale. A metric for diversity is described, and we speculate on the concept of transient diversity. Finally, an experiment on social entropy using a RoboCup simulated soccer team is presented.

  14. Agent-Based Medical Diagnosis Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Barna László Iantovics

    2012-01-01

    Medical diagnostics elaboration many times is a distributed and cooperative work, which involves more medical human specialists and different medical systems. Recent results described in the literature prove that medical diagnosis problems can be solved efficiently by large-scale medical multi-agent systems. Cooperative diagnosing of medical diagnosis problems by large-scale multi-agent systems makes the diagnoses elaborations easier and may increase the accuracy of elaborated diagnostics. Th...

  15. Autonomous Traffic Control System Using Agent Based Technology

    CERN Document Server

    M, Venkatesh; V, Srinivas

    2011-01-01

    The way of analyzing, designing and building of real-time projects has been changed due to the rapid growth of internet, mobile technologies and intelligent applications. Most of these applications are intelligent, tiny and distributed components called as agent. Agent works like it takes the input from numerous real-time sources and gives back the real-time response. In this paper how these agents can be implemented in vehicle traffic management especially in large cities and identifying various challenges when there is a rapid growth of population and vehicles. In this paper our proposal gives a solution for using autonomous or agent based technology. These autonomous or intelligent agents have the capability to observe, act and learn from their past experience. This system uses the knowledge flow of precedent signal or data to identify the incoming flow of forthcoming signal. Our architecture involves the video analysis and exploration using some Intelligence learning algorithm to estimate and identify the...

  16. CEFR information management system solution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Based on finished information resources planning scheme for China sodium cooled experimental fast breeder reactor and the advanced information resources management solution concepts were applied, we got the building solution of CEFR information management systems. At the same time, the technical solutions of systems structures, logic structures, physical structures, development platforms and operation platforms for information resources management system in fast breeder reactors were developed, which provided programmatic introductions for development works in future. (authors)

  17. Challenging problems and solutions in intelligent systems

    CERN Document Server

    Grzegorzewski, Przemysław; Kacprzyk, Janusz; Owsiński, Jan; Penczek, Wojciech; Zadrożny, Sławomir

    2016-01-01

    This volume presents recent research, challenging problems and solutions in Intelligent Systems– covering the following disciplines: artificial and computational intelligence, fuzzy logic and other non-classic logics, intelligent database systems, information retrieval, information fusion, intelligent search (engines), data mining, cluster analysis, unsupervised learning, machine learning, intelligent data analysis, (group) decision support systems, intelligent agents and multi-agent systems, knowledge-based systems, imprecision and uncertainty handling, electronic commerce, distributed systems, etc. The book defines a common ground for sometimes seemingly disparate problems and addresses them by using the paradigm of broadly perceived intelligent systems. It presents a broad panorama of a multitude of theoretical and practical problems which have been successfully dealt with using the paradigm of intelligent computing.

  18. Agent-Based Modeling and Mapping of Manufacturing System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Z; Zhang

    2002-01-01

    Considering the agent-based modeling and mapping i n manufacturing system, some system models are described in this paper, which are included: Domain Based Hierarchical Structure (DBHS), Cascading Agent Structure (CAS), Proximity Relation Structure (PRS), and Bus-based Network Structure (BNS ). In DBHS, one sort of agents, called static agents, individually acts as Domai n Agents, Resources Agents, UserInterface Agents and Gateway Agents. And the oth ers, named mobile agents, are the brokers of task and ...

  19. Improving Multi-Agent Systems Using Jason

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vester, Steen; Boss, Niklas Skamriis; Jensen, Andreas Schmidt; Villadsen, Jørgen

    2011-01-01

    We describe the approach used to develop the multi-agent system of herders that competed as the Jason-DTU team at the Multi-Agent Programming Contest 2010. We also participated in 2009 with a system developed in the agentoriented programming language Jason which is an extension of AgentSpeak. We...... used the implementation from 2009 as a foundation and therefore much of the work done this year was on improving that implementation. We present a description which includes design and analysis of the system as well as the main features of our agent team strategy. In addition we discuss the...... technologies used to develop this system as well as our future goals in the area....

  20. Instance-oriented delegation: A solution for providing security to Grid-based mobile agent middleware

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MA Tian-chi; LI Shan-ping

    2005-01-01

    New challenges are introduced when people try to build a general-purpose mobile agent middleware in Grid environment. In this paper, an instance-oriented security mechanism is proposed to deal with possible security threats in such mobile agent systems. The current security support in Grid Security Infrastructure (GSI) requires the users to delegate their privileges to certain hosts. This host-oriented solution is insecure and inflexible towards mobile agent applications because it cannot prevent delegation abuse and control well the diffusion of damage. Our proposed solution introduces security instance, which is an encapsulation of one set of authorizations and their validity specifications with respect to the agent's specific code segments, or even the states and requests. Applications can establish and configure their security framework flexibly on the same platform, through defining instances and operations according to their own logic. Mechanisms are provided to allow users delegating their identity to these instances instead of certain hosts. By adopting this instance-oriented security mechanism, a Grid-based general-purpose MA middleware, Everest, is developed to enhance Globus Toolkit's security support for mobile agent applications.

  1. Towards Culturally-Aware Virtual Agent Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Endrass, Birgit; André, Elisabeth; Rehm, Matthias

    2010-01-01

    game-like environment in a more interesting way than for example learning with a textbook. The authors support the idea that virtual agents are a great opportunity for teaching cultural awareness. Realizing this, the concept of culture needs to be translated into computational models and the advantages...... of different systems using virtual agents need to be considered. Therefore, the authors reflect in this chapter on how virtual agents can help to learn about culture, scan definitions of culture from the social sciences, give an overview on how multiagent systems developed over time and classify the...

  2. A Multiagent Recommender System with Task-Based Agent Specialization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorenzi, Fabiana; Correa, Fabio Arreguy Camargo; Bazzan, Ana L. C.; Abel, Mara; Ricci, Francesco

    This paper describes a multiagent recommender system where agents maintain local knowledge bases and, when requested to support a travel planning task, they collaborate exchanging information stored in their local bases. A request for a travel recommendation is decomposed by the system into sub tasks, corresponding to travel services. Agents select tasks autonomously, and accomplish them with the help of the knowledge derived from previous solutions. In the proposed architecture, agents become experts in some task types, and this makes the recommendation generation more efficient. In this paper, we validate the model via simulations where agents collaborate to recommend a travel package to the user. The experiments show that specialization is useful hence providing a validation of the proposed model.

  3. FIPA agent based network distributed control system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A control system with the capabilities to combine heterogeneous control systems or processes into a uniform homogeneous environment is discussed. This dynamically extensible system is an example of the software system at the agent level of abstraction. This level of abstraction considers agents as atomic entities that communicate to implement the functionality of the control system. Agents' engineering aspects are addressed by adopting the domain independent software standard, formulated by FIPA. Jade core Java classes are used as a FIPA specification implementation. A special, lightweight, XML RDFS based, control oriented, ontology markup language is developed to standardize the description of the arbitrary control system data processor. Control processes, described in this language, are integrated into the global system at runtime, without actual programming. Fault tolerance and recovery issues are also addressed

  4. FIPA agent based network distributed control system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    D. Abbott; V. Gyurjyan; G. Heyes; E. Jastrzembski; C. Timmer; E. Wolin

    2003-03-01

    A control system with the capabilities to combine heterogeneous control systems or processes into a uniform homogeneous environment is discussed. This dynamically extensible system is an example of the software system at the agent level of abstraction. This level of abstraction considers agents as atomic entities that communicate to implement the functionality of the control system. Agents' engineering aspects are addressed by adopting the domain independent software standard, formulated by FIPA. Jade core Java classes are used as a FIPA specification implementation. A special, lightweight, XML RDFS based, control oriented, ontology markup language is developed to standardize the description of the arbitrary control system data processor. Control processes, described in this language, are integrated into the global system at runtime, without actual programming. Fault tolerance and recovery issues are also addressed.

  5. Incorporating Inertia Into Multi-Agent Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Man, W C

    2005-01-01

    We consider a model that demonstrates the crucial role of inertia and stickiness in multi-agent systems, based on the Minority Game (MG). The inertia of an agent is introduced into the game model by allowing agents to apply hypothesis testing when choosing their best strategies, thereby reducing their reactivity towards changes in the environment. From massive numerical simulations, a remarkable improvement of global cooperation is observed throughout the whole phase space, and the maladaptation behaviour due to over-reaction of agents is removed. Also, these agents are found to be advantageous over the standard ones, which are sometimes too sensitive to attain a fair success rate. Analytical calculation on determining the minimum amount of inertia needed to achieve the above improvement is also provided, which is consistent with the numerical data.

  6. A Highly Secure Mobile Agent System Architecture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okataku, Yasukuni; Okutomi, Hidetoshi; Yoshioka, Nobukazu; Ohgishi, Nobuyuki; Honiden, Shinichi

    We propose a system architecture for mobile agents to improve their security in the environments of insecure networks and non-sophisticated terminals such as PDAs. As mobile agents freely migrate onto their favorite terminals through insecure networks or terminals, it is not appropriate for them to store some secret information for authentication and encryption/decryption. We introduce one and more secure nodes(OASIS NODE) for securely generating and verifying authentication codes. The each agent’s data are encrypted by a pseudo-chaos cipher mechanism which doesn’t need any floating processing co-processor. We’ve constructed a prototype system on a Java mobile agent framework, “Bee-gent" which implements the proposed authentication and cipher mechanisms, and evaluated their performances and their applicability to business fields such as an auction system by mobile agents.

  7. Randomized Optimal Consensus of Multi-agent Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Shi, Guodong

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we formulate and solve a randomized optimal consensus problem for multi-agent systems with stochastically time-varying interconnection topology. The considered multi-agent system with a simple randomized iterating rule achieves an almost sure consensus meanwhile solving the optimization problem $\\min_{z\\in \\mathds{R}^d}\\ \\sum_{i=1}^n f_i(z),$ in which the optimal solution set of objective function $f_i$ corresponding to agent $i$ can only be observed by agent $i$ itself. At each time step, each agent independently and randomly chooses either taking an average among its neighbor set, or projecting onto the optimal solution set of its own optimization component. Both directed and bidirectional communication graphs are studied. Connectivity conditions are proposed to guarantee an optimal consensus almost surely with proper convexity and intersection assumptions. The convergence analysis is carried out using convex analysis. The results illustrate that a group of autonomous agents can reach an opti...

  8. Using Mobile Agents to Implement Workflow System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Jie; LIU Xian-xing; GUO Zheng-wei

    2004-01-01

    Current workflow management systems usually adopt the existing technologies such as TCP/IP-based Web technologies and CORBA as well to fulfill the bottom communications.Very often it has been considered only from a theoretical point of view, mainly for the lack of concrete possibilities to execute with elasticity.MAT (Mobile Agent Technology) represents a very attractive approach to the distributed control of computer networks and a valid alternative to the implementation of strategies for workflow system.This paper mainly focuses on improving the performance of workflow system by using MAT.Firstly, the performances of workflow systems based on both CORBA and mobile agent are summarized and analyzed; Secondly, the performance contrast is presented by introducing the mathematic model of each kind of data interaction process respectively.Last, a mobile agent-based workflow system named MAWMS is presented and described in detail.

  9. An Application of Mobile Agent System in Network Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Chen-xiang; DU Jun-ping; YIN Yi-xin

    2004-01-01

    This paper describes an application of a reusable mobile agent system in network management. A mobile agent reusable system is constructed to realize a new method in forming mobile agent systems. By using this method, an agent can change its route dynamically without making any change to its specific behavior. By classifying mobile agents into two categories, the task agent can be reusable in different networks. In this way, a mobile agent system can easily carry out network management tasks.

  10. 14th International Conference on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems : Special Sessions

    CERN Document Server

    Escalona, María; Corchuelo, Rafael; Mathieu, Philippe; Vale, Zita; Campbell, Andrew; Rossi, Silvia; Adam, Emmanuel; Jiménez-López, María; Navarro, Elena; Moreno, María

    2016-01-01

    PAAMS, the International Conference on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems is an evolution of the International Workshop on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems. PAAMS is an international yearly tribune to present, to discuss, and to disseminate the latest developments and the most important outcomes related to real-world applications. It provides a unique opportunity to bring multi-disciplinary experts, academics and practitioners together to exchange their experience in the development of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems. This volume presents the papers that have been accepted for the 2016 in the special sessions: Agents Behaviours and Artificial Markets (ABAM); Advances on Demand Response and Renewable Energy Sources in Agent Based Smart Grids (ADRESS); Agents and Mobile Devices (AM); Agent Methodologies for Intelligent Robotics Applications (AMIRA); Learning, Agents and Formal Languages (LAFLang); Multi-Agent Systems and Ambient Intelligence (MASMAI); Web Mining and ...

  11. Fusing Bayes Nets using Formal Argumentation in Multi-agent Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Søren Holbech; Parsons, Simon

    2006-01-01

    We consider a multi-agent system where each agent is equipped with a Bayesian network, and present an open framework for the agents to compromise on a possible consensus network. The framework builds on formal argumentation, and unlike previous solutions on graphical consensus belief, it is suffi...

  12. Multi-Agent Systems Design for Novices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynch, Simon; Rajendran, Keerthi

    2005-01-01

    Advanced approaches to the construction of software systems can present difficulties to learners. This is true for multi-agent systems (MAS) which exhibit concurrency, non-determinacy of structure and composition and sometimes emergent behavior characteristics. Additional barriers exist for learners because mainstream MAS technology is young and…

  13. Irrigation System through Intelligent Agents Implemented with Arduino Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodolfo SALAZAR

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The water has become in recent years a valuable and increasingly scarce. Its proper use in agriculture has demanded incorporate new technologies, mainly in the area of ICT. In this paper we present a smart irrigation system based on multi-agent architecture using fuzzy logic. The architecture incorporates different types of intelligent agents that an autonomous way monitor and are responsible for deciding if required enable / disable the irrigation system. This project proposes a real and innovative solution to the problem of inadequate water use with current irrigation systems employed in agricultural projects. This article presents the different technologies used, their adaptation to the solution of the problem and briefly discusses the first results obtained.

  14. Empowerment for Continuous Agent-Environment Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Jung, Tobias; Stone, Peter

    2012-01-01

    This paper develops generalizations of empowerment to continuous states. Empowerment is a recently introduced information-theoretic quantity motivated by hypotheses about the efficiency of the sensorimotor loop in biological organisms, but also from considerations stemming from curiosity-driven learning. Empowemerment measures, for agent-environment systems with stochastic transitions, how much influence an agent has on its environment, but only that influence that can be sensed by the agent sensors. It is an information-theoretic generalization of joint controllability (influence on environment) and observability (measurement by sensors) of the environment by the agent, both controllability and observability being usually defined in control theory as the dimensionality of the control/observation spaces. Earlier work has shown that empowerment has various interesting and relevant properties, e.g., it allows us to identify salient states using only the dynamics, and it can act as intrinsic reward without requi...

  15. Autonomic Management for Multi-agent Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Nadir kamal Salih; G. K. Viju; Mohamed, Abdelmotalib A.

    2011-01-01

    Autonomic computing is a computing system that can manage itself by self-configuration, self-healing, self-optimizing and self-protection. Researchers have been emphasizing the strong role that multi agent systems can play progressively towards the design and implementation of complex autonomic systems. The important of autonomic computing is to create computing systems capable of managing themselves to a far greater extent than they do today. With the nature of autonomy, reactivity, socialit...

  16. Intelligent Agent-Based System for Digital Library Information Retrieval

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    师雪霖; 牛振东; 宋瀚涛; 宋丽哲

    2003-01-01

    A new information search model is reported and the design and implementation of a system based on intelligent agent is presented. The system is an assistant information retrieval system which helps users to search what they need. The system consists of four main components: interface agent, information retrieval agent, broker agent and learning agent. They collaborate to implement system functions. The agents apply learning mechanisms based on an improved ID3 algorithm.

  17. Cooperation in industrial multi-agent systems

    CERN Document Server

    Jennings, Nicolas R

    1994-01-01

    Distributed Artificial Intelligence (DAI) is a vibrant sub-field of Artificial Intelligence concerned with coordinating the knowledge and actions of multiple interacting agents. Although DAI has the potential to overcome many of the problems currently associated with constructing software systems which are large, complex and knowledge rich, there have, as yet, been relatively few attempts to apply it to real world applications. To help pave the way for such future developments, this book recounts the insights gained and the breakthroughs made, whilst building multiple agent systems in the doma

  18. Network Management using Multi-Agents System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo ISAZA

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to present a multiagent system for network management. The models developed for the proposed system defines certain intelligent agents interact to achieve the objectives and requirements of the multiagent organization.These agents have the property of being adaptive, acquire knowledge and skills to make decisions according to the actual state of the network that is represented in the information base, MIB, SNMP devices. The ideal state of the network policy is defined by the end user entered, which contain the value that should have performance variables and other parameters such as the frequency with which these variables should be monitored.. An agent based architecture increase the integration, adaptability, cooperation, autonomy and the efficient operation in heterogeneous environment in the network supervision. 

  19. Agent-based Modeling and Mapping of Manufacturing System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Z; Zhang

    2002-01-01

    Considering the gent-based modeling and mapping in m anufacturing system, in this paper, some system models are described, which are including: Domain Based Hierarchical Structure (DBHS), Cascading Agent Struc ture (CAS), Proximity Relation structure (PRS), and Bus-based network structure (BNS). In DBHS, one sort of agent individually delegates Domain Agents, Res ources Agents, UserInterface Agents and Gateway Agents and the other one is a br oker of tasks and process flow. Static agents representing...

  20. Multi-Agent Systems for E-Commerce

    OpenAIRE

    Solodukha, T. V.; Sosnovskiy, O. A.; Zhelezko, B. A.

    2009-01-01

    The article focuses on multi-agent systems (MAS) and domains that can benefit from multi-agent technology. In the last few years, the agent based modeling (ABM) community has developed several practical agent based modeling toolkits that enable individuals to develop agent-based applications. The comparison of agent-based modeling toolkits is given. Multi-agent systems are designed to handle changing and dynamic business processes. Any organization with complex and distributed busine...

  1. An Agent Framework of Tourism Recommender System

    OpenAIRE

    Jia Zhi Yang; Gao Wei; Shi Yi Jin

    2016-01-01

    This paper proposes the development of an Agent framework for tourism recommender system. The recommender system can be featured as an online web application which is capable of generating a personalized list of preference attractions for tourists. Traditional technologies of classical recommender system application domains, such as collaborative filtering, content-based filtering and content-based filtering are effectively adopted in the framework. In the framework they are constructed as Ag...

  2. Surveillance software based on agents system

    OpenAIRE

    José M. Molina

    2008-01-01

    The Applied Artificial Intelligence group has developed a surveillance system based on the agents theory and multiagents system in the Distributed Artificial Intelligence. The system allows that each data acquisition source could operate independently, but coordinated by a central host. The technology improves the surveillance process, reducing the human attention and introducing automatic alarms. They are looking for technical cooperation of partners interested in the technology.

  3. Study on Multi-agent Systems with Colored Petri Nets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰顺国; 李军

    2008-01-01

    The approach to model multi-agent systems with hierarchical colored Peal nets is introduced.In a multi-agent system,every agent is modeled with colored Petri net system,and the colored Petri net system of the multi-agent system is a hierarchical colored Petri net system,such that the agents planning deadlock detection and avoidance,can be analyzed with the Petri net system.

  4. An Agent Based Modelling Approach for Multi-Stakeholder Analysis of City Logistics Solutions

    OpenAIRE

    Anand, N

    2015-01-01

    This thesis presents a comprehensive framework for multi-stakeholder analysis of city logistics solutions using agent based modeling. The framework describes different stages for the systematic development of an agent based model for the city logistics domain. The framework includes a multi-perspective city logistics ontology and its validation, the development of an agent base model using this ontology, and a validation approach for the agent based model using a participatory simulation game.

  5. A multi-agent system for pervasive healthcare

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Shixiong; Liu, Kecheng; Li, Weizi

    2013-01-01

    Wireless technology based pervasive healthcare has been proposed in many applications such as disease management and accident prevention for cost saving and promoting citizen’s wellbeing. However, the emphasis so far is on the artefacts with limited attentions to guiding the development of an effective and efficient solution for pervasive healthcare. Therefore, this paper aims to propose a framework of multi-agent systems design for pervasive healthcare by adopting the concept of pervasive in...

  6. AUTOMATION SOLUTIONS FOR THERMAL SYSTEMS

    OpenAIRE

    Mircea Dulau; Stelian Oltean; Irfan Gultekin; Murat Kulustepe

    2009-01-01

    In various industrial processes, in which a transfer of heat is necessary, using overheated water and steam involves high costs of the operating systems, water treatment systems, control instruments, investments and maintenance. Using the thermal systems with heat exchangers with thermal fluid are viable alternatives and solutions to achieve high temperatures at low operating pressures. The paper presents the complex heat system from S.C. Prolemn S.A. Reghin, with oil heat exchanger and the c...

  7. Autonomous Formations of Multi-Agent Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhali, Sanjana; Joshi, Suresh M.

    2013-01-01

    Autonomous formation control of multi-agent dynamic systems has a number of applications that include ground-based and aerial robots and satellite formations. For air vehicles, formation flight ("flocking") has the potential to significantly increase airspace utilization as well as fuel efficiency. This presentation addresses two main problems in multi-agent formations: optimal role assignment to minimize the total cost (e.g., combined distance traveled by all agents); and maintaining formation geometry during flock motion. The Kuhn-Munkres ("Hungarian") algorithm is used for optimal assignment, and consensus-based leader-follower type control architecture is used to maintain formation shape despite the leader s independent movements. The methods are demonstrated by animated simulations.

  8. Constructing Agent Model for Virtual Training Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murakami, Yohei; Sugimoto, Yuki; Ishida, Toru

    Constructing highly realistic agents is essential if agents are to be employed in virtual training systems. In training for collaboration based on face-to-face interaction, the generation of emotional expressions is one key. In training for guidance based on one-to-many interaction such as direction giving for evacuations, emotional expressions must be supplemented by diverse agent behaviors to make the training realistic. To reproduce diverse behavior, we characterize agents by using a various combinations of operation rules instantiated by the user operating the agent. To accomplish this goal, we introduce a user modeling method based on participatory simulations. These simulations enable us to acquire information observed by each user in the simulation and the operating history. Using these data and the domain knowledge including known operation rules, we can generate an explanation for each behavior. Moreover, the application of hypothetical reasoning, which offers consistent selection of hypotheses, to the generation of explanations allows us to use otherwise incompatible operation rules as domain knowledge. In order to validate the proposed modeling method, we apply it to the acquisition of an evacuee's model in a fire-drill experiment. We successfully acquire a subject's model corresponding to the results of an interview with the subject.

  9. Agent-Based Modeling in Systems Pharmacology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cosgrove, J; Butler, J; Alden, K; Read, M; Kumar, V; Cucurull-Sanchez, L; Timmis, J; Coles, M

    2015-11-01

    Modeling and simulation (M&S) techniques provide a platform for knowledge integration and hypothesis testing to gain insights into biological systems that would not be possible a priori. Agent-based modeling (ABM) is an M&S technique that focuses on describing individual components rather than homogenous populations. This tutorial introduces ABM to systems pharmacologists, using relevant case studies to highlight how ABM-specific strengths have yielded success in the area of preclinical mechanistic modeling. PMID:26783498

  10. Environmental Agents Service (EAS) Registry System of Records

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Veterans Affairs — The Environmental Agent Service (EAS) Registries is the information system encompassing the Ionizing Radiation Registry (IRR), the Agent Orange Registry (AOR), and...

  11. Empirical agent-based modelling challenges and solutions

    CERN Document Server

    Barreteau, Olivier

    2014-01-01

    This instructional book showcases techniques to parameterise human agents in empirical agent-based models (ABM). In doing so, it provides a timely overview of key ABM methodologies and the most innovative approaches through a variety of empirical applications.  It features cutting-edge research from leading academics and practitioners, and will provide a guide for characterising and parameterising human agents in empirical ABM.  In order to facilitate learning, this text shares the valuable experiences of other modellers in particular modelling situations. Very little has been published in the area of empirical ABM, and this contributed volume will appeal to graduate-level students and researchers studying simulation modeling in economics, sociology, ecology, and trans-disciplinary studies, such as topics related to sustainability. In a similar vein to the instruction found in a cookbook, this text provides the empirical modeller with a set of 'recipes'  ready to be implemented. Agent-based modeling (AB...

  12. New antifungal agents for the systemic mycoses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ringel, S M

    1990-02-01

    The azoles are the prominent broad spectrum oral antifungal agents in use or under clinical investigation for the systemic mycoses. This class of antifungal agents is represented by the marketed drug ketoconazole (Nizoral) and the experimental triazoles furthest along in clinical trials in the United States, itraconazole and fluconazole. Ketoconazole use is limited by its side effect profile and activity spectrum. Itraconazole appears to be better tolerated and less toxic to liver function, does not cause adrenal suppression and is more active against Aspergillus and Sporothrix schenckii. Fluconazole appears to be a highly promising agent due its highly favorable pharmacokinetic profile; it is water soluble, is well tolerated, is not metabolized to inactive constituents, it has a long half-life and, unlike the other azoles, high cerebrospinal fluid levels are readily attained for consideration in meningeal mycoses. It remains to be determined what place these new triazoles have in managing immunosuppressed patients including those with acquired immune deficiency syndrome known as AIDS. Other experimental antifungal agents, including ambruticin, amphotericin B methyl ester and saramycetin are also described. Sales figures are presented of drugs marketed in the United States for the systemic mycoses and reflect the growing problem of fungal diseases in the population. PMID:2157984

  13. Optimal Wonderful Life Utility Functions in Multi-Agent Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolpert, David H.; Tumer, Kagan; Swanson, Keith (Technical Monitor)

    2000-01-01

    The mathematics of Collective Intelligence (COINs) is concerned with the design of multi-agent systems so as to optimize an overall global utility function when those systems lack centralized communication and control. Typically in COINs each agent runs a distinct Reinforcement Learning (RL) algorithm, so that much of the design problem reduces to how best to initialize/update each agent's private utility function, as far as the ensuing value of the global utility is concerned. Traditional team game solutions to this problem assign to each agent the global utility as its private utility function. In previous work we used the COIN framework to derive the alternative Wonderful Life Utility (WLU), and experimentally established that having the agents use it induces global utility performance up to orders of magnitude superior to that induced by use of the team game utility. The WLU has a free parameter (the clamping parameter) which we simply set to zero in that previous work. Here we derive the optimal value of the clamping parameter, and demonstrate experimentally that using that optimal value can result in significantly improved performance over that of clamping to zero, over and above the improvement beyond traditional approaches.

  14. Building Secure Systems using Mobile Agents

    OpenAIRE

    Shibli, Muhammad Awais

    2006-01-01

    The progress in the field of computer networks and Internet is increasing with tremendous volume in recent years. This raises important issue with regards to security. Several solutions emerged in the past which provide security at host or network level. These traditional solutions like antivirus, firewall, spy-ware, and authentication mechanisms provide security to some extends, but they still face the challenge of inherent system flaws, OS bugs and social engineering attacks. Recently, some...

  15. Classified Ads Harvesting Agent and Notification System

    CERN Document Server

    Doomun, Razvi; Nadeem, Auleear; Aukin, Mozafar

    2010-01-01

    The shift from an information society to a knowledge society require rapid information harvesting, reliable search and instantaneous on demand delivery. Information extraction agents are used to explore and collect data available from Web, in order to effectively exploit such data for business purposes, such as automatic news filtering, advertisement or product searching and price comparing. In this paper, we develop a real-time automatic harvesting agent for adverts posted on Servihoo web portal and an SMS-based notification system. It uses the URL of the web portal and the object model, i.e., the fields of interests and a set of rules written using the HTML parsing functions to extract latest adverts information. The extraction engine executes the extraction rules and stores the information in a database to be processed for automatic notification. This intelligent system helps to tremendously save time. It also enables users or potential product buyers to react more quickly to changes and newly posted sales...

  16. Interaction Protocols in Multi-Agent Systems based on Agent Petri Nets Model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamel Barkaoui

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the modeling of interaction between agents in Multi Agents System (MAS based on Agent Petri Nets (APN. Our models are created based on communicating agents. Indeed, an agent initiating a conversation with other can specify the interaction protocol wishes to follow. The combination of APN and FIPA Protocols schemes leads to a set of deployment formal rules for points where model interaction can be successfully implemented. We introduce some models FIPA standard protocols.

  17. Learning in engineered multi-agent systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menon, Anup

    Consider the problem of maximizing the total power produced by a wind farm. Due to aerodynamic interactions between wind turbines, each turbine maximizing its individual power---as is the case in present-day wind farms---does not lead to optimal farm-level power capture. Further, there are no good models to capture the said aerodynamic interactions, rendering model based optimization techniques ineffective. Thus, model-free distributed algorithms are needed that help turbines adapt their power production on-line so as to maximize farm-level power capture. Motivated by such problems, the main focus of this dissertation is a distributed model-free optimization problem in the context of multi-agent systems. The set-up comprises of a fixed number of agents, each of which can pick an action and observe the value of its individual utility function. An individual's utility function may depend on the collective action taken by all agents. The exact functional form (or model) of the agent utility functions, however, are unknown; an agent can only measure the numeric value of its utility. The objective of the multi-agent system is to optimize the welfare function (i.e. sum of the individual utility functions). Such a collaborative task requires communications between agents and we allow for the possibility of such inter-agent communications. We also pay attention to the role played by the pattern of such information exchange on certain aspects of performance. We develop two algorithms to solve this problem. The first one, engineered Interactive Trial and Error Learning (eITEL) algorithm, is based on a line of work in the Learning in Games literature and applies when agent actions are drawn from finite sets. While in a model-free setting, we introduce a novel qualitative graph-theoretic framework to encode known directed interactions of the form "which agents' action affect which others' payoff" (interaction graph). We encode explicit inter-agent communications in a directed

  18. STFTP: Secure TFTP Protocol for Embedded Multi-Agent Systems Communication

    OpenAIRE

    D. Zagar; HORVAT, G.; MARTINOVIC, G.

    2013-01-01

    Today's embedded systems have evolved into multipurpose devices moving towards an embedded multi-agent system (MAS) infrastructure. With the involvement of MAS in embedded systems, one remaining issues is establishing communication between agents in low computational power and low memory embedded systems without present Embedded Operating System (EOS). One solution is the extension of an outdated Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP). The main advantage of using TFTP in embedded systems i...

  19. A Multi-Agent System Architecture for Sensor Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Guijarro

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The design of the control systems for sensor networks presents important challenges. Besides the traditional problems about how to process the sensor data to obtain the target information, engineers need to consider additional aspects such as the heterogeneity and high number of sensors, and the flexibility of these networks regarding topologies and the sensors in them. Although there are partial approaches for resolving these issues, their integration relies on ad hoc solutions requiring important development efforts. In order to provide an effective approach for this integration, this paper proposes an architecture based on the multi-agent system paradigm with a clear separation of concerns. The architecture considers sensors as devices used by an upper layer of manager agents. These agents are able to communicate and negotiate services to achieve the required functionality. Activities are organized according to roles related with the different aspects to integrate, mainly sensor management, data processing, communication and adaptation to changes in the available devices and their capabilities. This organization largely isolates and decouples the data management from the changing network, while encouraging reuse of solutions. The use of the architecture is facilitated by a specific modelling language developed through metamodelling. A case study concerning a generic distributed system for fire fighting illustrates the approach and the comparison with related work.

  20. Applications of Multi-Agent Technology to Power Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagata, Takeshi

    Currently, agents are focus of intense on many sub-fields of computer science and artificial intelligence. Agents are being used in an increasingly wide variety of applications. Many important computing applications such as planning, process control, communication networks and concurrent systems will benefit from using multi-agent system approach. A multi-agent system is a structure given by an environment together with a set of artificial agents capable to act on this environment. Multi-agent models are oriented towards interactions, collaborative phenomena, and autonomy. This article presents the applications of multi-agent technology to the power systems.

  1. An Agent Based Modelling Approach for Multi-Stakeholder Analysis of City Logistics Solutions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Anand, N.

    2015-01-01

    This thesis presents a comprehensive framework for multi-stakeholder analysis of city logistics solutions using agent based modeling. The framework describes different stages for the systematic development of an agent based model for the city logistics domain. The framework includes a multi-perspect

  2. Evaluating Reputation Systems for Agent Mediated e-Commerce

    OpenAIRE

    Gaur, Vibha; Sharma, Neeraj Kumar; Bedi, Punam

    2013-01-01

    Agent mediated e-commerce involves buying and selling on Internet through software agents. The success of an agent mediated e-commerce system lies in the underlying reputation management system which is used to improve the quality of services in e-market environment. A reputation system encourages the honest behaviour of seller agents and discourages the malicious behaviour of dishonest seller agents in the e-market where actual traders never meet each other. This paper evaluates various repu...

  3. Micellar solutions as environmentally-friendly agents for cleaning artworks

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Rathouský, Jiří; Remzová, Monika; Žouželka, Radek

    Washington : NSTI- Nanotech , 2013, s. 622-625. ISBN 978-1-4822-0581-7. [NSTI Nanotech nology Conference and Expo. Washingon (US), 12.05.2013-16.05.2013] R&D Projects: GA MK DF11P01OVV012 Keywords : Conservation of cultural heritage * Micellar solutions * Nonionic surfactants Subject RIV: CF - Physical ; Theoretical Chemistry

  4. Agent-Based Mobile Event Notification System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rania Fahim El-Gazzar

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, the noticeable move towards using mobile devices (mobile phones and PDAs and wireless technologies have made information available in the context of "anytime, anywhere using any mobile device" experience. Delivering information to mobile devices needs some sort of communication means such as Push, Pull, or mixed (Push and Pull technologies to deliver any chunk of information (events, ads, advisory tips, learning materials, etc.. Events are the most important pieces of information that should be delivered timely wherever the user is. Agent-based technology offers autonomous, flexible, adaptable, and reliable way of delivering events to any device, anywhere, and on time. Publish/subscribe communication model is the basic infrastructure for event-based communication. In this paper, we define the need to mobilize the event notification process in educational environment and the possible categories of event notifications that students can receive from their educational institution. This paper also proposes a framework for agent-based mobile event notification system. The proposed framework is derived from the concept of push–based publish/subscribe communication model but taking advantage from software agents to serve in the mobile environment. Finally, the paper provides a detailed analysis for the proposed system.

  5. Medical Processes Agent-Based Critiquing System

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bošanský, Branislav

    Praha : Ústav informatiky AV ČR, v. v. i. & MATFYZPRESS, 2009 - (Kuželová, D.), 5-11 ISBN 978-80-7378-087-6. [Doktorandské dny 2009 Ústavu informatiky AV ČR, v. v. i.. Jizerka (CZ), 21.09.2009-23.09.2009] R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) 1M06014 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10300504 Keywords : medical processes * multi-agent systems * decosion support systems Subject RIV: IN - Informatics, Computer Science

  6. Integration of Heterogeneous Systems as Multi-Agent Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ammar Lahlouhi

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Systems integration is a difficult matter particularly when its components are varied. The problem becomes even more difficult when such components are heterogeneous such as humans, robots and software systems. Currently, the humans are regarded as users of artificial systems (robots and software systems. This has several disadvantages such as: (1 incoherence of artificial systems exploitation where humans’ roles are not clear, and (2 vain research of a user’s universal model. In this paper, we adopted a cooperative approach where the system’s components are regarded as being of the same level and they cooperate for the service of the global system. We concretized such approach by considering humans, robots and software systems as autonomous agents assuming roles in an organization. The latter will be implemented as a multi-agent system developed using a multi-agent development methodology.

  7. Mobile Agents Systems in Wireless Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela Muntean

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents an introduction in the Mobile Agents Systems and describes how this technology can be used in wireless applications. Also it is shown the possibility of securing wireless applications that use mobile agents and distributed computing. Wireless networks are a relatively new technology in the LAN market. With the weak encryption and security defined in the IEEE standards, wireless LANs, when improperly deployed or administered, can provide a significant risk to those economic sectors. These sectors include health-care, government, and banking in particular. Increasingly diverse heterogeneous wireless infrastructures in combination with more narrowly defined roles of parties participating in the delivery of applications to mobile users pose new challenges for support for delivering these applications.

  8. Advances on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems 10th International Conference on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Müller, Jörg; Rodríguez, Juan; Pérez, Javier

    2012-01-01

    Research on Agents and Multi-Agent Systems has matured during the last decade and many effective applications of this technology are now deployed. PAAMS provides an international forum to present and discuss the latest scientific developments and their effective applications, to assess the impact of the approach, and to facilitate technology transfer. PAAMS started as a local initiative, but has since grown to become THE international yearly platform to present, to discuss, and to disseminate the latest developments and the most important outcomes related to real-world applications. It provides a unique opportunity to bring multi-disciplinary experts, academics and practitioners together to exchange their experience in the development and deployment of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems. PAAMS intends to bring together researchers and developers from industry and the academic world to report on the latest scientific and technical advances on the application of multi-agent systems, to discuss and debate the major ...

  9. Highlights on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems 10th International Conference on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Sánchez, Miguel; Mathieu, Philippe; Rodríguez, Juan; Adam, Emmanuel; Ortega, Alfonso; Moreno, María; Navarro, Elena; Hirsch, Benjamin; Lopes-Cardoso, Henrique; Julián, Vicente

    2012-01-01

    Research on Agents and Multi-Agent Systems has matured during the last decade and many effective applications of this technology are now deployed. PAAMS provides an international forum to present and discuss the latest scientific developments and their effective applications, to assess the impact of the approach, and to facilitate technology transfer. PAAMS started as a local initiative, but has since grown to become THE international yearly platform to present, to discuss, and to disseminate the latest developments and the most important outcomes related to real-world applications. It provides a unique opportunity to bring multi-disciplinary experts, academics and practitioners together to exchange their experience in the development and deployment of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems. PAAMS intends to bring together researchers and developers from industry and the academic world to report on the latest scientific and technical advances on the application of multi-agent systems, to discuss and debate the major ...

  10. Interactions between normative systems and software cognitive agents. A formalization in temporal modal defeasible logic and its implementation

    OpenAIRE

    Riveret, Régis

    2008-01-01

    Sustainable computer systems require some flexibility to adapt to environmental unpredictable changes. A solution lies in autonomous software agents which can adapt autonomously to their environments. Though autonomy allows agents to decide which behavior to adopt, a disadvantage is a lack of control, and as a side effect even untrustworthiness: we want to keep some control over such autonomous agents. How to control autonomous agents while respecting their autonomy? A solut...

  11. Fault Tolerance Mobile Agent System Using Witness Agent in 2-Dimensional Mesh Network

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Rostami

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Mobile agents are computer programs that act autonomously on behalf of a user or its owner and travel through a network of heterogeneous machines. Fault tolerance is important in their itinerary. In this paper, existent methods of fault tolerance in mobile agents are described which they are considered in linear network topology. In the methods three agents are used to fault tolerance by cooperating to each others for detecting and recovering server and agent failure. Three types of agents are: actual agent which performs programs for its owner, witness agent which monitors the actual agent and the witness agent after itself, probe which is sent for recovery the actual agent or the witness agent on the side of the witness agent. Communication mechanism in the methods is message passing between these agents. The methods are considered in linear network. We introduce our witness agent approach for fault tolerance mobile agent systems in Two Dimensional Mesh (2D-Mesh Network. Indeed Our approach minimizes Witness-Dependency in this network and then represents its algorithm.

  12. Collaborative Problem in Multi-agent System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林琳; 钟诗胜; 王知行

    2004-01-01

    In the MAS, system goal task can be decomposed into many transactions, which will be achieved by special agents distributed in different physical space. Due to complex coupling relations among transactions,transactions may form Waiting-Circle resulting in deadlock. Concerning the problem, this paper proposes two theorems developed for Waiting-Circle detection in transaction set and ensures the implement of goal task decomposition result. Furthermore, Circle-First Search is put forward to search all of the Waiting-Circle, which provide the basic guideline for decomposing goal task again and eliminate Waiting-Circle.

  13. Debugging and Event Tracing for Multi-Agent Systems Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Large-scale agent systems have become key tools in modeling and simulation tools such as NASA's Airspace Concept Evaluation System (ACES), an agent-based simulation...

  14. Debugging and Event Tracing for Multi-Agent Systems Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Large-scale agent systems have become a key part of in modeling and simulation tools such as NASA's Airspace Concept Evaluation System (ACES), an agent-based...

  15. Actinide-specific complexing agents: their structural and solution chemistry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raymond, K.N.; Freeman, G.E.; Kappel, M.J.

    1983-07-01

    The synthesis of a series of tetracatecholate ligands designed to be specific for Pu(IV) and other actinide(IV) ions has been achieved. Although these compounds are very effective as in vivo plutonium removal agents, potentiometric and voltammetric data indicate that at neutral pH full complexation of the Pu(IV) ion by all four catecholate groups does not occur. Spectroscopic results indicate that the tetracatecholates, 3,4,3-LICAMS and 3,4,3-LICAMC, complex Am(III). The Am(IV)/(III)-catecholate couple (where catecholate = 3,4,3-LICAMS or 3,4,3-LICAMC) is not observed, but may not be observable due to the large currents associated with ligand oxidation. However, within the potential range where ligand oxidation does not occur, these experiments indicate that the reduction potential of free Am(IV)/(III) is probably greater than or equal to + 2.6 V vs NHE or higher. Proof of the complexation of americium in the trivalent oxidation state by 3,4,3-LICAMS and 3,4,3-LICAMC elimates the possibility of tetracatholates stabilizing Am(IV) in vivo.

  16. Adaptive multi-agent system for a washing machine production line

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigues, Nelson; Pereira, Arnaldo; Leitão, Paulo

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes the implementation of a multi-agent system in a real industrial washing machine production line aiming to integrate process and quality control, allowing the establishment of feedback control loops to support adaptation facing condition changes. For this purpose, the agent-based solution was implemented using the JADE framework, being the shared knowledge structured using a proper ontology, edited and validated in Protégé and posteriorly integrated in the multi-agent syst...

  17. 9th KES Conference on Agent and Multi-Agent Systems : Technologies and Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Howlett, Robert; Jain, Lakhmi

    2015-01-01

    Agents and multi-agent systems are related to a modern software paradigm which has long been recognized as a promising technology for constructing autonomous, complex and intelligent systems. The topics covered in this volume include agent-oriented software engineering, agent co-operation, co-ordination, negotiation, organization and communication, distributed problem solving, specification of agent communication languages, agent privacy, safety and security, formalization of ontologies and conversational agents. The volume highlights new trends and challenges in agent and multi-agent research and includes 38 papers classified in the following specific topics: learning paradigms, agent-based modeling and simulation, business model innovation and disruptive technologies, anthropic-oriented computing, serious games and business intelligence, design and implementation of intelligent agents and multi-agent systems, digital economy, and advances in networked virtual enterprises. Published p...

  18. Cement industry control system based on multi agent

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海东; 邱冠周; 黄圣生

    2004-01-01

    Cement production is characterized by its great capacity, long-time delay, multi variables, difficult measurement and muhi disturbances. According to the distributed intelligent control strategy based on the multi agent, the multi agent control system of cement production is built, which includes integrated optimal control and diagnosis control. The distributed and multiple level structure of multi agent system for the cement control is studied. The optimal agent is in the distributed state, which aims at the partial process of the cement production, and forms the optimal layer. The diagnosis agent located on the diagnosis layer is the diagnosis unit which aims at the whole process of the cement production, and the central management unit of the system. The system cooperation is realized by the communication among optimal agents and diagnosis agent. The architecture of the optimal agent and the diagnosis agent are designed. The detailed functions of the optimal agent and the diagnosis agent are analyzed.At last the realization methods of the agents are given, and the application of the multi agent control system is presented. The multi agent system has been successfully applied to the off-line control of one cement plant with capacity of 5 000 t/d. The results show that the average yield of the clinker increases 9.3% and the coal consumption decreases 7.5 kg/t.

  19. FY1995 distributed control of man-machine cooperative multi agent systems; 1995 nendo ningen kyochogata multi agent kikai system no jiritsu seigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-03-01

    In the near future, distributed autonomous systems will be practical in many situations, e.g., interactive production systems, hazardous environments, nursing homes, and individual houses. The agents which consist of the distributed system must not give damages to human being and should be working economically. In this project man-machine cooperative multi agent systems are studied in many kind of respects, and basic design technology, basic control technique are developed by establishing fundamental theories and by constructing experimental systems. In this project theoretical and experimental studies are conducted in the following sub-projects: (1) Distributed cooperative control in multi agent type actuation systems (2) Control of non-holonomic systems (3) Man-machine Cooperative systems (4) Robot systems learning human skills (5) Robust force control of constrained systems In each sub-project cooperative nature between machine agent systems and human being, interference between artificial multi agents and environment and new function emergence in coordination of the multi agents and the environment, robust force control against for the environments, control methods for non-holonomic systems, robot systems which can mimic and learn human skills were studied. In each sub-project, some problems were hi-lighted and solutions for the problems have been given based on construction of experimental systems. (NEDO)

  20. Reactive Software Agent Anesthesia Decision Support System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grant H. Kruger

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Information overload of the anesthesiologist through technological advances have threatened the safety of patients under anesthesia in the operating room (OR. Traditional monitoring and alarm systems provide independent, spatially distributed indices of patient physiological state. This creates the potential to distract caregivers from direct patient care tasks. To address this situation, a novel reactive agent decision support system with graphical human machine interface was developed. The system integrates the disparate data sources available in the operating room, passes the data though a decision matrix comprising a deterministic physiologic rule base established through medical research. Patient care is improved by effecting change to the care environment by displaying risk factors and alerts as an intuitive color coded animation. The system presents a unified, contextually appropriate snapshot of the patient state including current and potential risk factors, and alerts of critical patient events to the operating room team without requiring any user intervention. To validate the efficacy of the system, a retrospective analysis focusing on the hypotension rules were performed. Results show that even with vigilant and highly trained clinicians, deviations from ideal patient care exist and it is here that the proposed system may allow more standardized and improved patient care and potentially outcomes.

  1. The Agent Modeling Language AML A Comprehensive Approach to Modeling Multi-agent Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Cervenka, Radovan

    2007-01-01

    Multi-agent systems are already a focus of studies for more than 25 years. Despite substantial effort of an active research community, modeling of multi-agent systems still lacks complete and proper definition, general acceptance, and practical application. Due to the vast potential of these systems e.g., to improve the practice in software and to extent the applications that can feasibly be tackled, this book tries to provide a comprehensive modeling language - the Agent Modeling Language (AML) - as an extension of UML 2.0, concentrating on multi-agent systems and applications.

  2. A Comparison of Organization-Centered and Agent-Centered Multi-Agent Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Andreas Schmidt; Villadsen, Jørgen

    2013-01-01

    Whereas most classical multi-agent systems have the agent in center, there has recently been a development towards focusing more on the organization of the system, thereby allowing the designer to focus on what the system goals are, without considering how the goals should be fulfilled. We have d...

  3. Tutoring and Multi-Agent Systems: Modeling from Experiences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdellah BENNANE

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Tutoring systems become complex and are offering varieties of pedagogical software as course modules, exercises, simulators, systems online or offline, for single user or multi-user. This complexity motivates new forms and approaches to the design and the modelling. Studies and research in this field introduce emergent concepts that allow the tutoring system to interact efficiently with potential users, by enhancing ergonomic service, performing response time and allowing better adaptability. The introduction of concepts such as multi-agent systems (MAS allowed web technology to improve the process of modeling and designing for distance learning, and thus offer convincing solutions. The presentation of some relevant projects that associate MAS to the Web may highlight the benefits of this association in an innovative way.

  4. Hybrid Exploration Agent Platform and Sensor Web System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stoffel, A. William; VanSteenberg, Michael E.

    2004-01-01

    A sensor web to collect the scientific data needed to further exploration is a major and efficient asset to any exploration effort. This is true not only for lunar and planetary environments, but also for interplanetary and liquid environments. Such a system would also have myriad direct commercial spin-off applications. The Hybrid Exploration Agent Platform and Sensor Web or HEAP-SW like the ANTS concept is a Sensor Web concept. The HEAP-SW is conceptually and practically a very different system. HEAP-SW is applicable to any environment and a huge range of exploration tasks. It is a very robust, low cost, high return, solution to a complex problem. All of the technology for initial development and implementation is currently available. The HEAP Sensor Web or HEAP-SW consists of three major parts, The Hybrid Exploration Agent Platforms or HEAP, the Sensor Web or SW and the immobile Data collection and Uplink units or DU. The HEAP-SW as a whole will refer to any group of mobile agents or robots where each robot is a mobile data collection unit that spends most of its time acting in concert with all other robots, DUs in the web, and the HEAP-SWs overall Command and Control (CC) system. Each DU and robot is, however, capable of acting independently. The three parts of the HEAP-SW system are discussed in this paper. The Goals of the HEAP-SW system are: 1) To maximize the amount of exploration enhancing science data collected; 2) To minimize data loss due to system malfunctions; 3) To minimize or, possibly, eliminate the risk of total system failure; 4) To minimize the size, weight, and power requirements of each HEAP robot; 5) To minimize HEAP-SW system costs. The rest of this paper discusses how these goals are attained.

  5. A Multi-Agent System for Intelligent Online Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Riordan, Colm; Griffith, Josephine

    1999-01-01

    Describes the system architecture of an intelligent Web-based education system that includes user modeling agents, information filtering agents for automatic information gathering, and the multi-agent interaction. Discusses information management; user interaction; support for collaborative peer-peer learning; implementation; testing; and future…

  6. Effect of chelating agents on the transport of radioactive solutes in subsurface porous media

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effect of chelating agents on the transport of radioactive solutes in subsurface porous media is analyzed by formulating an advective-dispersive transport model which incorporates chelate formation, adsorption, decay, and degradation of transporting radioactive solutes. The governing equations are formulated by introducing the concept of a tenad. Particularly the governing equation for the tenad of a radioactive solute, is presented as a linear partial differential form and solved analytically by introducing an extended concept of distribution coefficient, KD. The calculated results from the model show that the transport rate of the tenad of a chelating agent, is much greater than that of the tenad. This faster transport of may be due to the low retardation factor of comparing to that of. Therefore, it is concluded that presence of chelating agents even in a small amount greatly accelerates the transport of radioactive wastes from a geologic radioactive waste repository

  7. Adaptive Multi-Agent Systems for Constrained Optimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macready, William; Bieniawski, Stefan; Wolpert, David H.

    2004-01-01

    Product Distribution (PD) theory is a new framework for analyzing and controlling distributed systems. Here we demonstrate its use for distributed stochastic optimization. First we review one motivation of PD theory, as the information-theoretic extension of conventional full-rationality game theory to the case of bounded rational agents. In this extension the equilibrium of the game is the optimizer of a Lagrangian of the (probability distribution of) the joint state of the agents. When the game in question is a team game with constraints, that equilibrium optimizes the expected value of the team game utility, subject to those constraints. The updating of the Lagrange parameters in the Lagrangian can be viewed as a form of automated annealing, that focuses the MAS more and more on the optimal pure strategy. This provides a simple way to map the solution of any constrained optimization problem onto the equilibrium of a Multi-Agent System (MAS). We present computer experiments involving both the Queen s problem and K-SAT validating the predictions of PD theory and its use for off-the-shelf distributed adaptive optimization.

  8. An Interactive Tool for Creating Multi-Agent Systems and Interactive Agent-based Games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Henrik Hautop; Pagliarini, Luigi

    2011-01-01

    Utilizing principles from parallel and distributed processing combined with inspiration from modular robotics, we developed the modular interactive tiles. As an educational tool, the modular interactive tiles facilitate the learning of multi-agent systems and interactive agent-based games. The...... modular and physical property of the tiles provides students with hands-on experience in exploring the theoretical aspects underlying multi-agent systems which often appear as challenging to students. By changing the representation of the cognitive challenging aspects of multi-agent systems education to a...

  9. Designing Agent Utilities for Coordinated, Scalable and Robust Multi-Agent Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tumer, Kagan

    2005-01-01

    Coordinating the behavior of a large number of agents to achieve a system level goal poses unique design challenges. In particular, problems of scaling (number of agents in the thousands to tens of thousands), observability (agents have limited sensing capabilities), and robustness (the agents are unreliable) make it impossible to simply apply methods developed for small multi-agent systems composed of reliable agents. To address these problems, we present an approach based on deriving agent goals that are aligned with the overall system goal, and can be computed using information readily available to the agents. Then, each agent uses a simple reinforcement learning algorithm to pursue its own goals. Because of the way in which those goals are derived, there is no need to use difficult to scale external mechanisms to force collaboration or coordination among the agents, or to ensure that agents actively attempt to appropriate the tasks of agents that suffered failures. To present these results in a concrete setting, we focus on the problem of finding the sub-set of a set of imperfect devices that results in the best aggregate device. This is a large distributed agent coordination problem where each agent (e.g., device) needs to determine whether to be part of the aggregate device. Our results show that the approach proposed in this work provides improvements of over an order of magnitude over both traditional search methods and traditional multi-agent methods. Furthermore, the results show that even in extreme cases of agent failures (i.e., half the agents failed midway through the simulation) the system's performance degrades gracefully and still outperforms a failure-free and centralized search algorithm. The results also show that the gains increase as the size of the system (e.g., number of agents) increases. This latter result is particularly encouraging and suggests that this method is ideally suited for domains where the number of agents is currently in the

  10. An Agent-Based Data Mining System for Ontology Evolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadzic, Maja; Dillon, Darshan

    We have developed an evidence-based mental health ontological model that represents mental health in multiple dimensions. The ongoing addition of new mental health knowledge requires a continual update of the Mental Health Ontology. In this paper, we describe how the ontology evolution can be realized using a multi-agent system in combination with data mining algorithms. We use the TICSA methodology to design this multi-agent system which is composed of four different types of agents: Information agent, Data Warehouse agent, Data Mining agents and Ontology agent. We use UML 2.1 sequence diagrams to model the collaborative nature of the agents and a UML 2.1 composite structure diagram to model the structure of individual agents. The Mental Heath Ontology has the potential to underpin various mental health research experiments of a collaborative nature which are greatly needed in times of increasing mental distress and illness.

  11. Modeling, Simulation, and Characterization of Distributed Multi-agent Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reed F. Young

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available A strategy is described that utilizes a novel application of a potential-force function that includes the tuning of coefficients to control mobile robots orchestrated as a distributed multiagent system. Control system parameters are manipulated methodically via simulation and hardware experimentation to gain a better understanding of their impact upon mission performance of the multi-agent system as applied to a predetermined task of area exploration and mapping. Also included are descriptions of experiment infrastructure components that afford convenient solutions to research challenges. These consist of a surrogate localization (position and orientation function utilizing a novel MATLAB executable (MEX function and a user datagram protocol (UDP-based communications protocol that facilitates communication among network-based control computers.

  12. Reliability of Service-Based and Agent-Based Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Huhns, Michael N.

    2010-01-01

    A description of the current problems of service-oriented architectures and service-oriented computing and how the solutions will come from using agent technology. That is, services will have to become more agent-like in order to succeed fully in the marketplace.

  13. Implementing a Multi-Agent System in Python

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ettienne, Mikko Berggren; Vester, Steen; Villadsen, Jørgen

    2012-01-01

    We describe the solution used by the Python-DTU team in the Multi-Agent Programming Contest 2011, where the scenario was called Agents on Mars. We present our auction-based agreement, area controlling and pathfinding algorithms and discuss our chosen strategy and our choice of technology used for...

  14. Agent-Based Health Monitoring System Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — We propose combination of software intelligent agents to achieve decentralized reasoning, with fault detection and diagnosis using PCA, neural nets, and maximum...

  15. A Plan Fusion Algorithm for Multi-Agent Systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Weerdt, M.M.; Bos, A.; Tonino, J.F.M.; Witteveen, C.

    2000-01-01

    We introduce an algorithm for cooperative planning in multi-agent systems. The algorithm enables the agents to combine (fuse) their plans in order to increase their joint profits. A computational resources and skills framework is developed for representing the planned activities of an agent under ti

  16. Towards the Application of Agent Technology in Information Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    The integration of agent technology with Information Systems (ISs) to assist in dealing with information overload and complex problems has received increasing attention over recent years. This paper studies the necessity for the application of agent technology in today's ISs, and discusses some kinds of applications of agent technology in ISs.

  17. Medical imaging environment : a multi-agent system for a computer clustering based multi-display

    OpenAIRE

    Alves, Victor; Marreiros, Filipe; Nelas, Luís; Heymer, Mourvlise; Neves, José

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents a solution to minimize a problem that normally arises from the huge amount of images that a radiologist usually has to interpret. A multi-agent system that implements a multi-display for medical imaging based on computer clustering of normal personal computers is therefore described, as well as the multi-agent architecture that caters for the system evolution. An evaluation study was performed and its results are presented.

  18. 2015 Special Sessions of the 13th International Conference on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Hernández, Josefa; Mathieu, Philippe; Campbell, Andrew; Fernández-Caballero, Antonio; Moreno, María; Julián, Vicente; Alonso-Betanzos, Amparo; Jiménez-López, María; Botti, Vicente; Trends in Practical Applications of Agents, Multi-Agent Systems and Sustainability : the PAAMS Collection

    2015-01-01

    This volume presents the papers that have been accepted for the 2015 special sessions of the 13th International Conference on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems, held at University of Salamanca, Spain, at 3rd-5th June, 2015: Agents Behaviours and Artificial Markets (ABAM); Agents and Mobile Devices (AM); Multi-Agent Systems and Ambient Intelligence (MASMAI); Web Mining and Recommender systems (WebMiRes); Learning, Agents and Formal Languages (LAFLang); Agent-based Modeling of Sustainable Behavior and Green Economies (AMSBGE); Emotional Software Agents (SSESA) and Intelligent Educational Systems (SSIES). The volume also includes the paper accepted for the Doctoral Consortium in PAAMS 2015. PAAMS, the International Conference on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems is an evolution of the International Workshop on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems. PAAMS is an international yearly tribune to present, to discuss, and to disseminate the latest develo...

  19. Gelation Behavior of 5-Chloro-8-hydroxyquinoline, an Antituberculosis Agent in Aqueous Alcohol Solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jukka Korpela

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available It was shown that 5-chloro-8-hydroxyquinoline, an antituberculosis agent, gels aqueous alcohol solutions efficiently. Thermal stability and gel-to-sol transition temperature of 1% gel in CD3OD/D2O (2:1 was studied by 1H-NMR. Fibrous structures of four xerogels have been characterized by scanning electron microscope.

  20. Gelation Behavior of 5-Chloro-8-hydroxyquinoline, an Antituberculosis Agent in Aqueous Alcohol Solutions

    OpenAIRE

    Jukka Korpela; Hannu Salo; Erkki Kolehmainen

    2012-01-01

    It was shown that 5-chloro-8-hydroxyquinoline, an antituberculosis agent, gels aqueous alcohol solutions efficiently. Thermal stability and gel-to-sol transition temperature of 1% gel in CD3OD/D2O (2:1) was studied by 1H-NMR. Fibrous structures of four xerogels have been characterized by scanning electron microscope.

  1. 10th KES Conference on Agent and Multi-Agent Systems : Technologies and Applications

    CERN Document Server

    Chen-Burger, Yun-Heh; Howlett, Robert; Jain, Lakhmi

    2016-01-01

    The modern economy is driven by technologies and knowledge. Digital technologies can free, shift and multiply choices, often intruding on the space of other industries, by providing new ways of conducting business operations and creating values for customers and companies. The topics covered in this volume include software agents, multi-agent systems, agent modelling, mobile and cloud computing, big data analysis, business intelligence, artificial intelligence, social systems, computer embedded systems and nature inspired manufacturing, etc. that contribute to the modern Digital Economy. This volume highlights new trends and challenges in agent, new digital and knowledge economy research and includes 28 papers classified in the following specific topics: business process management, agent-based modeling and simulation, anthropic-oriented computing, learning paradigms, business informatics and gaming, digital economy, and advances in networked virtual enterprises. Published papers were selected for presentatio...

  2. Application of the Agent in Agricultural Expert System Inspection Software

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    In reference to the status quo of research and the application of the agricultural expert system, this paper analyzes problems existing in the current development, and puts forward the idea of research and development for agriculturespecific software. The agent application is discussed, and an agent-based Agricultural Expert System Inspection Tool is constructed. In addition, this paper addresses the outlook in application, potential problems and the development trend of multi-agent-based inspection software for the agricultural expert system.

  3. An Interactive Tool for Creating Multi-Agent Systems and Interactive Agent-based Games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Henrik Hautop; Pagliarini, Luigi

    2011-01-01

    Utilizing principles from parallel and distributed processing combined with inspiration from modular robotics, we developed the modular interactive tiles. As an educational tool, the modular interactive tiles facilitate the learning of multi-agent systems and interactive agent-based games. The...

  4. Admissible consensus for heterogeneous descriptor multi-agent systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Xin-Rong; Liu, Guo-Ping

    2016-09-01

    This paper focuses on the admissible consensus problem for heterogeneous descriptor multi-agent systems. Based on algebra, graph and descriptor system theory, the necessary and sufficient conditions are proposed for heterogeneous descriptor multi-agent systems achieving admissible consensus. The provided conditions depend on not only the structure properties of each agent dynamics but also the topologies within the descriptor multi-agent systems. Moreover, an algorithm is given to design the novel consensus protocol. A numerical example demonstrates the effectiveness of the proposed design approach.

  5. Medical Application Using Multi Agent System - A Literature Survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sougata Chakraborty

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we have projected on the involvement of multi-agent system in medical or health care domain. The objective of this study is to provide future researchers more resourceful and focused review of various research papers in this domain. Multi-agent system is most suitable for healthcare paradigm, as the properties of agent based systems deals with heterogeneous multiple agents. Data distribution and data management in a dynamic and distributed environment with multi-user cooperation, made multi-agent system more significant in this field. The disposition of this paper is classified on the basis of theoretical and application approach. We have tried to cover few relevant papers published on last decade. The main aim of this literature survey is to provide a complete road map on multi agent system based research on medical health care platform.

  6. The Behaviors Decision of Agent in Multi-agent System%多agent系统中agent的行为决策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛新军; 王怀民; 楚蓓蓓; 王逸欣

    2003-01-01

    The behavior decision of agent in multi-agent system is dependent on the task of individual agent ,the cooperation with other agents,and the multi-agent system' constraints. The paper presents three abstract concept models of achievement intention,joint intention and maintenance intention representing the factors that affect agent's behaviors respectively,to investigate autonomous agent's behaviors decision in support of agent-oriented software development. The paper discusses and analyzes how they will affect agent's behavior decision and the relationship among them,defines their formal and rigorous semantics,finally specifies and proves a number of important properties.

  7. Electropolymerization of Polypyrrole Films in Aqueous Solution with Side-Coupler Agent with Side-Coupler Agent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alfaro-López, H. M.; Aguilar-Hernandez, J. R.; Garcia-Borquez, A.; Hernandez-Perez, M. A.; Contreras-Puente, G. S.

    A preliminary study of the electrochemical synthesis and optical characterizacion of the conducting polymer polypyrrole (PPy) was carried out, in order to understand the in-situ electropoliymerization of PPy. Electropolymerization was performed in a three electrode cell by using freshly prepared monomer solutions in presence of a side-coupler agent to hydrophobic groups: sodium dodecylsulfate (DDS), in order to improve the adherence polymer film to the surface of the working electrode. The adherence of the polymer film promotes either the ionic or electronic transport at the interface solution-working electrode. A polar chemical reactive, sodium tetrafluoroborate, TFB, was also used. In order to taylor and optimize the physical properties of the PPy films we varied some parameters during the electropolymerization: the monomer concentration, the electrolyte concentration, pH of the solution and the cell potential. This allowed us to control the oxidation level (impurification or doping) of the polymer. The obtained PPy films were characterized by using UV-Vis and IR spectroscopy. Moreover through scanning electronic microscopy we were able to observe well developed helical structures of polypyrrole.

  8. Crystallization and tile separation in the multi-agent systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Collet, Jacques Henri; Fanchon, Jean

    2015-10-01

    This paper deals with the self-organization of simple mobile agents confined in a two-dimension rectangular area. Each agent interacts with its neighbors inside an interaction disk and moves following various types of force-driven couplings (e.g. repulsion or attraction). The agents do not know their absolute position, do not exchange messages, have no memory, and no learning capabilities. We first study the self-organization appearing in systems made-up with one sole type of agents, initially generated at random in the terrain. By changing the agent-agent repulsive interaction, we observe five different population reorganizations, namely, grouping, diffusion (that is classical), but especially interesting, crystallization (i.e., the agents group together on the vertices a regular hexagonal lattice), alignment along straight lines, and vortex dynamics. Then, we consider reorganization in systems made-up from two to five types of agents, where each pair of agent types has specific interaction parameters. The main result of this work is to show that, by only changing the agent-agent repulsion rules, one can generate hexagonal or rectangular multi-agent crystals or on the contrary, induce complete separation in regular hexagonal tiles.

  9. Teamwork in Multi-Agent Systems A Formal Approach

    CERN Document Server

    Dunin-Keplicz, Barbara Maria

    2010-01-01

    What makes teamwork tick?. Cooperation matters, in daily life and in complex applications. After all, many tasks need more than a single agent to be effectively performed. Therefore, teamwork rules!. Teams are social groups of agents dedicated to the fulfilment of particular persistent tasks. In modern multiagent environments, heterogeneous teams often consist of autonomous software agents, various types of robots and human beings. Teamwork in Multi-agent Systems: A Formal Approach explains teamwork rules in terms of agents' attitudes and their complex interplay. It provides the first comprehe

  10. A Methodology for Developing Environmental Information Systems with Software Agents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Athanasiadis, Ioannis N.; Mitkas, Pericles A.

    This article presents a unifying methodology for developing environmental information systems with software agents. Based on the experience reported in recent literature, we abstract common requirements of environmental information systems into agent types, combine state-of-the-art tools from computer science, service-oriented software engineering and artificial intelligence domains, as software agents and machine learning, and illustrate their potential for solving real-world problems. Specifically, two generic agent types are specified that behave as information carriers and decision makers, which provide an appropriate abstraction for deployment of added-value services in environmental information systems.

  11. Multi-agent systems ??? Theory, approaches and NASA applications

    OpenAIRE

    Hinchey, Mike; Vassev, Emil

    2012-01-01

    peer-reviewed This chapter introduces the multi-agent paradigm and presents concepts and approaches related to multi-agent systems and paradigm-inspired popular research topics such as grid computing, intelligent swarms, sensor networks, service-oriented computing, cloud computing and autonomic computing. Additionally, the chapter reflects the authors??? experience and presents a review of the NASA multi-agent applications of ground control and space-exploration systems. ...

  12. Multi Agent System Based Wide Area Protection against Cascading Events

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liu, Zhou; Chen, Zhe; Liu, Leo;

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, a multi-agent system based wide area protection scheme is proposed in order to prevent long term voltage instability induced cascading events. The distributed relays and controllers work as a device agent which not only executes the normal function automatically but also can be mod...... effectiveness of proposed protection strategy. The simulation results indicate that the proposed multi agent control system can effectively coordinate the distributed relays and controllers to prevent the long term voltage instability induced cascading events....

  13. Trust and reputation in open multi-agent systems

    OpenAIRE

    Huynh, Trung Dong

    2006-01-01

    Trust and reputation are central to effective interactions in open multi-agent systems (MAS) in which agents, that are owned by a variety of stakeholders, continuously enter and leave the system. This openness means existing trust and reputation models cannot readily be used since their performance suffers when there are various (unforseen) changes in the environment. To this end, this thesis develops and evaluates FIRE, a trust and reputation model that enables autonomous agents in open MAS ...

  14. Effective ODE Zones in a Multi- Agent System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjorth, Poul G.

    Simulations which contain a large number of agents with rules for agent-agent interactions may grow to a level of complexity where it is cumbersome to extract useful information, difficult to split or agregate parts, and taxing on computational resources. We present here an example where a coarse...... graining of the system, and replacement of individual interactions with ODEs describing dynamical interactions between ‘effective zones’, leads to a fast and useful simplified model of the original complex system....

  15. Intelligent Agent based Flight Search and Booking System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Floyd Garvey

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The world globalization is widely used, and there are several definitions that may fit this one word. However the reality remains that globalization has impacted and is impacting each individual on this planet. It is defined to be greater movement of people, goods, capital and ideas due to increased economic integration, which in turn is propelled, by increased trade and investment. It is like moving towards living in a borderless world. With the reality of globalization, the travel industry has benefited significantly. It could be said that globalization is benefiting from the flight industry. Regardless of the way one looks at it, more persons are traveling each day and are exploring several places that were distant places on a map. Equally, technology has been growing at an increasingly rapid pace and is being utilized by several persons all over the world. With the combination of globalization and the increase in technology and the frequency in travel there is a need to provide an intelligent application that is capable to meeting the needs of travelers that utilize mobile phones all over. It is a solution that fits in perfectly to a user’s busy lifestyle, offers ease of use and enough intelligence that makes a user’s experience worthwhile. Having recognized this need, the Agent based Mobile Airline Search and Booking System is been developed that is built to work on the Android to perform Airline Search and booking using Biometric. The system also possess agent learning capability to perform the search of Airlines based on some previous search pattern .The development been carried out using JADE-LEAP Agent development kit on Android.

  16. Impact of a Reducing Agent on the Dynamic Surface Properties of Lysozyme Solutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tihonov, Michael M; Kim, Viktoria V; Noskov, Boris A

    2016-05-01

    Disulfide bond shuffling in the presence of the reducing agents dithiothreitol (DTT) or β-mercaptoethanol (BME) strongly affects the surface properties of lysozyme solutions. The addition of 0.32 mM DTT substantially alters the kinetic dependencies of the dynamic surface elasticity and surface tension relative to those of pure protein solutions. The significant increase in the dynamic surface elasticity likely relates to the cross-linking between lysozyme molecules and the formation of a dense layer of protein globules stabilized by intermolecular disulfide bonds at the liquid/gas interface. This effect differs from the previously described influence of chaotropic denaturants, such as guanidine hydrochloride (GuHCl) and urea, on the surface properties of lysozyme solutions. If both chaotropic and reducing agents are added to protein solutions simultaneously, their effects become superimposed. In the case of mixed lysozyme/GuHCl/DTT solutions, the dynamic surface elasticity near equilibrium decreases as the GuHCl concentration increases because of the gradual loosening of the cross-linked layer of protein globules but remains much higher than that of lysozyme/GuHCl solutions. PMID:27086995

  17. MODEL-BASED PERFORMANCE EVALUATION APPROACH FOR MOBILE AGENT SYSTEMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Xin; Mi Zhengkun; Meng Xudong

    2004-01-01

    Claimed as the next generation programming paradigm, mobile agent technology has attracted extensive interests in recent years. However, up to now, limited research efforts have been devoted to the performance study of mobile agent system and most of these researches focus on agent behavior analysis resulting in that models are hard to apply to mobile agent systems. To bridge the gap, a new performance evaluation model derived from operation mechanisms of mobile agent platforms is proposed. Details are discussed for the design of companion simulation software, which can provide the system performance such as response time of platform to mobile agent. Further investigation is followed on the determination of model parameters. Finally comparison is made between the model-based simulation results and measurement-based real performance of mobile agent systems. The results show that the proposed model and designed software are effective in evaluating performance characteristics of mobile agent systems. The proposed approach can also be considered as the basis of performance analysis for large systems composed of multiple mobile agent platforms.

  18. Quantifying quality operational costs in a multi-agent system for airline operations recovery

    OpenAIRE

    castro, ajm; De Oliveira, E.

    2009-01-01

    When recovering from operational problems, the Airline Operations Control Centre (AOCC) usually tries to minimize direct operational costs while satisfying all the required rules. In this paper we present the implementation of a Distributed Multi-Agent System (MAS) representing the existing real-life roles in an AOCC. This MAS includes software agents that cooperate through a distributed problem solving approach, to find the best solution for each problem. We propose a general approach to qua...

  19. Implementing a Multi-Agent System in Python with an Auction-Based Agreement Approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ettienne, Mikko Berggren; Vester, Steen; Villadsen, Jørgen

    2012-01-01

    We describe the solution used by the Python-DTU team in the Multi-Agent Programming Contest 2011, where the scenario was called Agents on Mars. We present our auction-based agreement algorithm and discuss our chosen strategy and our choice of technology used for implementing the system. Finally, we...... present an analysis of the results of the competition as well as propose areas of improvement....

  20. Interface Agent for Computer-based Tutoring Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dang, Trang; Ghenniwa, Hamada; Kamel, Mohamed

    1999-01-01

    Proposes an interface agent for intelligent tutoring systems that creates a collaborative learning environment between the learner and the tutoring software. Describes implementation of a prototype using the IBM Agent Builder Environment Toolkit to use with an intelligent tutoring system for algebra and considers benefits in a lifelong learning…

  1. Modeling Socio-technical Systems with AgentSpring

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Chmieliauskas, A.; Chappin, E.J.L.; Dijkema, G.P.J.

    2012-01-01

    AgentSpring is a new agent-based modeling framework especially suited to model and simulate complex socio-technical systems, such as energy markets or transport infrastructures. Common problems encountered when modeling and analyzing such systems are how to represent the variety of facts that descri

  2. Digital Solution to Mining Image Monitor System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘越男; 孙继平; 苏辉; 那景芳

    2001-01-01

    The thesis describes an advanced digital solution to mining digital image monitor system, which makes up the shortage of the traditional mining analog image monitor. It illustrates the system components and how to choose the encoder bandwidth of the system. The problem of image multicast and its solution in LAN are also discussed.

  3. Rational Solutions in a Coupled Burgers System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Ling

    2006-01-01

    Three types of the rational solutions for a new coupled Burgers system are studied in detail in terms of the reduction and decoupled procedures. The first two types of rational solutions are singular and valid for one type of model parameter c>0, and another type of rational solutions is nonsingular at any type and valid for another type of model parameter c<0.

  4. 11th International Conference on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Hermoso, Ramon; Moreno, María; Rodríguez, Juan; Hirsch, Benjamin; Mathieu, Philippe; Campbell, Andrew; Suarez-Figueroa, Mari; Ortega, Alfonso; Adam, Emmanuel; Navarro, Elena

    2013-01-01

    Research on Agents and Multi-agent Systems has matured during the last decade and many effective applications of this technology are now deployed. PAAMS provides an international forum to presents and discuss the latest scientific developments and their effective applications, to assess the impact of the approach, and to facilitate technology transfer. PAAMS started as a local initiative, but since grown to become the international yearly platform to present, to discuss, and to disseminate the latest developments and the most important outcomes related to real-world applications. It provides a unique opportunity to bring multi-disciplinary experts, academics and practitioners together to Exchange their experience in the development and deployment of Agents and Multiagents systems. PAAMS intends to bring together researchers and developers from industry and the academic world to report on the latest scientific and technical advances on the application of multi-agent systems, to discuss and debate the major iss...

  5. Target Tracking and Obstacle Avoidance for Multi-agent Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jing Yan; Xin-Ping Guan; Fu-Xiao Tan

    2010-01-01

    This paper considers the problems of target tracking and obstacle avoidance for multi-agent systems.To solve the problem that multiple agents cannot effectively track the target while avoiding obstacle in dynamic environment,a novel control algorithm based on potential function and behavior rules is proposed.Meanwhile,the interactions among agents are also considered.According to the state whether an agent is within the area of its neighbors' influence,two kinds of potential functions are presented.Meanwhile,the distributed control input of each agent is determined by relative velocities as well as relative positions among agents,target and obstacle.The maximum linear speed of the agents is also discussed.Finally,simulation studies are given to demonstrate the performance of the proposed algorithm.

  6. Business-to-business electronic commerce systems and services. Smart EC solution; Kigyoka nrenkei system solution system. Smart EC solution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Setoguchi, T.; Manchu, Y.; Katsumata, M. [Toshiba Corp., Tokyo (Japan)

    2000-04-01

    Toshiba provides a range of information technology (IT) solutions called SmartEC Solution, which includes business-to-business electronic commerce systems and services based on international standards and industrial know-how, especially our electronic data interchange (EDI) know-how as a manufacturer. These IT solutions are supplied as services covering strategy planning, system integration, and application service provider based on five types of business-to-business electronic commerce. (author)

  7. Models of Multi-Agent Systems

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Krušina, Pavel

    Praha : MATFYZPRESS, 2004 - (Hakl, F.), s. 58 ISBN 80-86732-30-4. [Doktorandský den '04. Paseky nad Jizerou (CZ), 29.09.2004-01.10.2004] R&D Projects: GA AV ČR 1ET100300419 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z1030915 Keywords : adaptive agent * parallel computation Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics

  8. Quantised consensus of multi-agent systems with nonlinear dynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Yunru; Zheng, Yuanshi; Wang, Long

    2015-08-01

    This paper studies the consensus problem of first-order and second-order multi-agent systems with nonlinear dynamics and quantised interactions. Continuous-time and impulsive control inputs are designed for the multi-agent systems on the logarithmic quantised relative state measurements of agents, respectively. By using nonsmooth analysis tools, we get some sufficient conditions for the consensus of multi-agent systems under the continuous-time inputs. Compared with continuous-time control inputs, impulsive distributed control inputs just use the state variables of the systems at discrete-time instances. Based on impulsive control theory, we prove that the multi-agent systems can reach consensus by choosing proper control gains and impulsive intervals. The simulation results are given to verify the effectiveness of the theoretical results.

  9. Exact Solutions of a Coupled Burgers System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Ling

    2006-01-01

    The exact solutions of a new coupled Burgers system are studied in three different ways. The first type of solutions are found thanks to the coupled Burgers system possessing a simple single Burgers reduction. The second type of multiple soliton solutions are revealed via the decouple procedure. The third type of exact solutions are found by means of a prior ansatz and solutions of the heat conduction equation. Two different kinds of soliton fission phenomena of the model are discovered and a special type of completely elastic soliton collision without phase shift of the model is also displayed.

  10. Cocrystal formation in solution: Inducing phase transition by manipulating the amount of cocrystallizing agent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gagniere, Emilie; Mangin, Denis; Puel, François; Valour, Jean-Pierre; Klein, Jean-Paul; Monnier, Olivier

    2011-02-01

    The purpose of this work was to assess the possibility of inducing solution mediated phase transition (SMPT) by manipulating the amount of the cocrystallizing agent. The cocrystal, composed of an active pharmaceutical ingredient (carbamazepine, CBZ) and its cocrystallizing agent (a vitamin—nicotinamide, NCT), was selected as a model compound. Batch experiments were performed in a stirred vessel. The solute concentrations of both CBZ and NCT were monitored using in situ ATR-FTIR spectroscopy. The introduction of NCT in dry form allowed a shift in the phase diagram, leading to an SMPT from CBZ crystals toward cocrystals. The concentration profiles gave information on the phase transition kinetics, i.e., the kinetics of nucleation, growth and dissolution mechanisms of the solid phases involved. Several situations were analyzed. This procedure could also be used to correct a process deviation that led to CBZ crystals instead of cocrystals.

  11. Aqueous Solution Preparation of Ruthenium Nanoparticles Using Ammonium Formate as the Reducing Agent

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Shaohong; CHEN Jialin; GUAN Weiming; BI Jun; CHEN Nanguang; CHEN Dengquan; LIU Manmen; SUN Xudong

    2012-01-01

    Ruthenium,one of the platinum group metals,has drawn much attention due to its catalytic behavior,hardness,electrical conductivity and density.Ruthenium particles are usually prepared on a small scale by the polyol process,however,the size of the obtained ruthenium nanoparticles is most below 10 nm.In this work,ruthenium particles about 200 nm in diameter were obtained in aqueous solution by using ammonium formate as the reducing agent.Tohave a better control of particle's size and shape,the effects of PVP,mixing mode,reaction temperature,solution pH and calcination temperature were investigated.

  12. NOTE: The effects of paramagnetic contrast agents on metabolite protons in aqueous solution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Philip S.; Leach, Martin O.; Rowland, Ian J.

    2002-03-01

    The longitudinal (R1) and transverse (R2) relaxivities of the clinically used contrast agents Gd(DTPA)2-, Gd(DOTA)- and Gd(DTPA-BMA) have been determined in mixed aqueous metabolite solutions for choline, creatine and N-acetylaspartate. Measurements were performed at 1.5 T using a STEAM sequence on 25 mM metabolite solutions at pH = 7.4 and 22 °C. The data showed that for all the contrast agents and metabolites, R1 ~ R2. The largest range of relaxivity values was found for Gd(DTPA)2-, where R2 = 6.8 +/- 0.3 mM-1 s-1 for choline and 1.5 +/- 0.4 mM-1 s-1 for N-acetylaspartate. Variation in relaxivity values was attributed primarily to differences between the charges of the paramagnetic agent and metabolite. The maximum potential influence of the contrast agents on in vivo metabolite signals was calculated using the measured relaxivities.

  13. Multi-agent tasks scheduling system in software defined networks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper a multi-agent tasks scheduling system in software defined networks is considered. This system is designed for distribution simulation and tasks implementation on computational resources including network dynamic characteristics and topology.

  14. An agent oriented information system: an MDA based development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Sadgal

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Information systems (IS development should not only accomplish functional models but also conceptual models to represent the organizational environment in which it will have to evolve and must be aligned with strategic objectives. Generally, a significant innovations in the enterprise, is to organize its IS around its business processes. Otherwise, business models must be enriched by the agent paradigm to reduce the complexity involved in solving a problem by the structuring of knowledge on a set of intelligent agents, the association between agents and activities and collaboration among agents. To do this, we propose an agent oriented approach based on the model-driven-architecture (MDA for the information system development. This approach uses in its different phases, the BPMN language for the business processes modeling, AML language for the agent modeling, and JADEX platform for the implementation. The IS development is realized by different automated mappings from source models to target models.

  15. A local flocking algorithm of multi-agent dynamic systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pei, Huiqin; Chen, Shiming; Lai, Qiang

    2015-11-01

    In this paper, the local flocking of multi-agent systems is investigated, which means all agents form some groups of surrounding multiple targets with the partial information exchange. For the purpose of realising local multi-flocking, a control algorithm of local flocking is proposed, which is a biologically inspired approach that assimilates key characteristics of flocking and anti-flocking. In the process of surrounding mobile targets through the control algorithm, all agents can adaptively choose between two work modes to depend on the variation of visual field and the number of pursuing agents with the mobile target. One is a flocking pursuing mode which is that some agents pursue each mobile target, the other is an anti-flocking searching mode that means with the exception of the pursing agents of mobile targets, other agents respectively hunt for optimal the mobile target with a closest principle between the agent and the target. In two work modes, the agents are controlled severally via the different control protocol. By the Lyapunov theorem, the stability of the second-order multi-agent system is proven in detail. Finally, simulation results verify the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.

  16. Quicker Q-Learning in Multi-Agent Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agogino, Adrian K.; Tumer, Kagan

    2005-01-01

    Multi-agent learning in Markov Decisions Problems is challenging because of the presence ot two credit assignment problems: 1) How to credit an action taken at time step t for rewards received at t' greater than t; and 2) How to credit an action taken by agent i considering the system reward is a function of the actions of all the agents. The first credit assignment problem is typically addressed with temporal difference methods such as Q-learning OK TD(lambda) The second credit assi,onment problem is typically addressed either by hand-crafting reward functions that assign proper credit to an agent, or by making certain independence assumptions about an agent's state-space and reward function. To address both credit assignment problems simultaneously, we propose the Q Updates with Immediate Counterfactual Rewards-learning (QUICR-learning) designed to improve both the convergence properties and performance of Q-learning in large multi-agent problems. Instead of assuming that an agent s value function can be made independent of other agents, this method suppresses the impact of other agents using counterfactual rewards. Results on multi-agent grid-world problems over multiple topologies show that QUICR-learning can achieve up to thirty fold improvements in performance over both conventional and local Q-learning in the largest tested systems.

  17. Comparison of crystal and solution hemoglobin binding of selected antigelling agents and allosteric modifiers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper details comprehensive binding studies (solution and X-ray) of human hemoglobin A with a group of halogenated carboxylic acids that were investigated as potential antisickling agents. It is, to our knowledge, the first study to compare solution and crystal binding for a series of compounds under similar high-salt conditions used for cocrystallization. The compounds include [(3,4-dichlorobenzyl)oxy]acetic acid, [(p-bromobenzyl)oxy]acetic acid, clofibric acid, and bezafibrate. The location and stereochemistry of binding sites have been established by X-ray crystallography, while the number of binding sites and affinity constants were measured by using equilibrium dialysis. The observed crystal structures are consistent with the binding observed in solution and that the number of binding sites is independent of salt concentration, while the binding constant increases with increasing salt concentration. The studies also reveal that relatively small changes in the chemical structure of a drug molecule can result in entirely different binding sites on the protein. Moreover, the X-ray studies provide a possible explanation for the multiplicity in function exhibited by these compounds as allosteric modulators and/or antisickling agents. Finally, the studies indicate that these compounds bind differently to the R and T states of hemoglobin, and observation of special significance to the original design of these agents

  18. Photocatalytical oxidation of de-icing agents in aqueous solutions and aqueous extract of jet fuel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krichevskaya, M; Malygina, T; Preis, S; Kallas, J

    2001-01-01

    Improper handling of jet fuel at abandoned military bases has resulted in heavy pollution of the soil and groundwater. Experimental research of photocatalytical oxidation (PCO) of jet fuel aqueous extract and aqueous solutions of de-icing agents was undertaken. The influence of different parameters - pH, concentration of substances to be oxidised, presence of inorganic admixtures, effect of OH. radical generators--on the PCO of solutions of de-icing agents and jet fuel aqueous extract was determined. The role of OH. radicals was found to be less important in determining the PCO rate. The PCO of organic pollutants was also investigated using a catalyst immobilised onto the surface of buoyant hollow glass microspheres. Attached titanium dioxide (TiO2) showed lower photocatalytical activity than when suspended in slurry, although it allows waters to be treated in simple shallow ponds without intensive stirring. The biodegradability of aqueous solutions of de-icing agents and jet fuel aqueous extract increased as PCO proceeded. PMID:11695445

  19. Comparison of crystal and solution hemoglobin binding of selected antigelling agents and allosteric modifiers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mehanna, A.S.; Abraham, D.J. (Virginia Commonwealth Univ., Richmond (USA))

    1990-04-24

    This paper details comprehensive binding studies (solution and X-ray) of human hemoglobin A with a group of halogenated carboxylic acids that were investigated as potential antisickling agents. It is, to our knowledge, the first study to compare solution and crystal binding for a series of compounds under similar high-salt conditions used for cocrystallization. The compounds include ((3,4-dichlorobenzyl)oxy)acetic acid, ((p-bromobenzyl)oxy)acetic acid, clofibric acid, and bezafibrate. The location and stereochemistry of binding sites have been established by X-ray crystallography, while the number of binding sites and affinity constants were measured by using equilibrium dialysis. The observed crystal structures are consistent with the binding observed in solution and that the number of binding sites is independent of salt concentration, while the binding constant increases with increasing salt concentration. The studies also reveal that relatively small changes in the chemical structure of a drug molecule can result in entirely different binding sites on the protein. Moreover, the X-ray studies provide a possible explanation for the multiplicity in function exhibited by these compounds as allosteric modulators and/or antisickling agents. Finally, the studies indicate that these compounds bind differently to the R and T states of hemoglobin, and observation of special significance to the original design of these agents.

  20. Autonomous agents and multi-agent systems explorations in learning, self-organization and adaptive computation

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, Jiming

    2001-01-01

    An autonomous agent is a computational system that acquires sensory data from its environment and decides by itself how to relate the external stimulus to its behaviors in order to attain certain goals. Responding to different stimuli received from its task environment, the agent may select and exhibit different behavioral patterns. The behavioral patterns may be carefully predefined or dynamically acquired by the agent based on some learning and adaptation mechanism(s). In order to achieve structural flexibility, reliability through redundancy, adaptability, and reconfigurability in real-worl

  1. AFECS. multi-agent framework for experiment control systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gyurjyan, V.; Abbott, D.; Heyes, G.; Jastrzembski, E.; Timmer, C.; Wolin, E.

    2008-07-01

    AFECS is a pure Java based software framework for designing and implementing distributed control systems. AFECS creates a control system environment as a collection of software agents behaving as finite state machines. These agents can represent real entities, such as hardware devices, software tasks, or control subsystems. A special control oriented ontology language (COOL), based on RDFS (Resource Definition Framework Schema) is provided for control system description as well as for agent communication. AFECS agents can be distributed over a variety of platforms. Agents communicate with their associated physical components using range of communication protocols, including tcl-DP, cMsg (publish-subscribe communication system developed at Jefferson Lab), SNMP (simple network management protocol), EPICS channel access protocol and JDBC.

  2. AFECS. Multi-Agent Framework for Experiment Control Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vardan Gyurjyan; David Abbott; William Heyes; Edward Jastrzembski; Carl Timmer; Elliott Wolin

    2008-01-23

    AFECS is a pure Java based software framework for designing and implementing distributed control systems. AFECS creates a control system environment as a collection of software agents behaving as finite state machines. These agents can represent real entities, such as hardware devices, software tasks, or control subsystems. A special control oriented ontology language (COOL), based on RDFS (Resource Definition Framework Schema) is provided for control system description as well as for agent communication. AFECS agents can be distributed over a variety of platforms. Agents communicate with their associated physical components using range of communication protocols, including tcl-DP, cMsg (publish-subscribe communication system developed at Jefferson Lab), SNMP (simple network management protocol), EPICS channel access protocol and JDBC.

  3. AFECS. multi-agent framework for experiment control systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    AFECS is a pure Java based software framework for designing and implementing distributed control systems. AFECS creates a control system environment as a collection of software agents behaving as finite state machines. These agents can represent real entities, such as hardware devices, software tasks, or control subsystems. A special control oriented ontology language (COOL), based on RDFS (Resource Definition Framework Schema) is provided for control system description as well as for agent communication. AFECS agents can be distributed over a variety of platforms. Agents communicate with their associated physical components using range of communication protocols, including tcl-DP, cMsg (publish-subscribe communication system developed at Jefferson Lab), SNMP (simple network management protocol), EPICS channel access protocol and JDBC

  4. Verifying Multi-Agent Systems via Unbounded Model Checking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kacprzak, M.; Lomuscio, A.; Lasica, T.; Penczek, W.; Szreter, M.

    2004-01-01

    We present an approach to the problem of verification of epistemic properties in multi-agent systems by means of symbolic model checking. In particular, it is shown how to extend the technique of unbounded model checking from a purely temporal setting to a temporal-epistemic one. In order to achieve this, we base our discussion on interpreted systems semantics, a popular semantics used in multi-agent systems literature. We give details of the technique and show how it can be applied to the well known train, gate and controller problem. Keywords: model checking, unbounded model checking, multi-agent systems

  5. Verification of heterogeneous multi-agent system using MCMAS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Jiyoung; Kim, Seungkeun; Tsourdos, Antonios

    2015-03-01

    The focus of the paper is how to model autonomous behaviours of heterogeneous multi-agent systems such that it can be verified that they will always operate within predefined mission requirements and constraints. This is done by using formal methods with an abstraction of the behaviours modelling and model checking for their verification. Three case studies are presented to verify the decision-making behaviours of heterogeneous multi-agent system using a convoy mission scenario. The multi-agent system in a case study has been extended by increasing the number of agents and function complexity gradually. For automatic verification, model checker for multi-agent systems (MCMAS) is adopted due to its novel capability to accommodate the multi-agent system and successfully verifies the targeting behaviours of the team-level autonomous systems. The verification results help retrospectively the design of decision-making algorithms improved by considering additional agents and behaviours during three steps of scenario modification. Consequently, the last scenario deals with the system composed of a ground control system, two unmanned aerial vehicles, and four unmanned ground vehicles with fault-tolerant and communication relay capabilities.

  6. An Agent-Based Framework for Building Decision Support System in Supply Chain Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazemi, A.; Fazel Zarandi, M. H.

    In this study, two scenarios are presented for solving Production-Distribution Panning Problem (PDPP) in a Decision Support System (DSS) framework. In the first scenario, a Traditional Decision Support System (TDSS) is presented for PDPP and a Genetic Algorithm (GA) is used for solving it. In the second scenario, a Multi-agent Decision Support System (MADSS) is considered for PDPP and three algorithms are used for solving it: Genetic Algorithm (GA), Tabu Search (TS) and Simulated Annealing (SA). Then an algorithm is suggested by using multi-agent system and A Teams concept. The obtained results reveal that the use of MADSS delivers better solutions to us.

  7. UML MODELING AND SYSTEM ARCHITECTURE FOR AGENT BASED INFORMATION RETRIEVAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Muhammad Noorul Mubarak

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this current technological era, there is an enormous increase in the information available on web and also in the online databases. This information abundance increases the complexity of finding relevant information. To solve such challenges, there is a need for improved and intelligent systems for efficient search and retrieval. Intelligent Agents can be used for better search and information retrieval in a document collection. The information required by a user is scattered in a large number of databases. In this paper, the object oriented modeling for agent based information retrieval system is presented. The paper also discusses the framework of agent architecture for obtaining the best combination terms that serve as an input query to the information retrieval system. The communication and cooperation among the agents are also explained. Each agent has a task to perform in information retrieval.

  8. The Design of Ubiquitous Learning System with Embedded Ganglia Agent

    OpenAIRE

    Fu-Chien Kao; Chia-Chun Hung; Ting-Hao Huang

    2011-01-01

    This research proposes a context-aware computing ubiquitous learning system architecture design. The system integrates data grid, the ability to perform context-awareness computing, and embedded Ganglia Agent design, structuring an architecture that is able to perform context awareness mobile network, creating a ubiquitous learning environment. The embedded Ganglia Agent could provide context information on system network traffic, the CPU load of the content server, and hard disk capacity, an...

  9. Cooperative learning over composite search spaces: Experiences with a multi-agent design system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prasad, M.V.N.; Lesser, V.R. [Univ. of Massachusetts, Amherst, MA (United States); Lander, S.E. [Blackboard Technology Group, Inc., Amherst, MA (United States)

    1996-12-31

    We suggest the use of two learning techniques - short term and long term - to enhance search efficiency in a multi-agent design system by letting the agents learn about non-local requirements on the local search process. The first technique allows an agent to accumulate and apply constraining information about global problem solving, gathered as a result of agent communication, to further problem solving within the same problem instance. The second technique is used to classify problem instances and appropriately index and retrieve constraining information to apply to new problem instances. These techniques will be presented within the context of a multi-agent parametric-design application called STEAM. We show that learning conclusively improves solution quality and processing-time results.

  10. Agent-based model for the h-index - Exact solution

    CERN Document Server

    Żogała-Siudem, Barbara; Cena, Anna; Gagolewski, Marek

    2015-01-01

    The Hirsch's $h$-index is perhaps the most popular citation-based measure of the scientific excellence. In 2013 G. Ionescu and B. Chopard proposed an agent-based model for this index to describe a publications and citations generation process in an abstract scientific community. With such an approach one can simulate a single scientist's activity, and by extension investigate the whole community of researchers. Even though this approach predicts quite well the $h$-index from bibliometric data, only a solution based on simulations was given. In this paper, we complete their results with exact, analytic formulas. What is more, due to our exact solution we are able to simplify the Ionescu-Chopard model which allows us to obtain a compact formula for $h$-index. Moreover, a simulation study designed to compare both, approximated and exact, solutions is included. The last part of this paper presents evaluation of the obtained results on a real-word data set.

  11. Regulated open multi-agent systems (ROMAS) a multi-agent approach for designing normative open systems

    CERN Document Server

    Garcia, Emilia; Botti, Vicente

    2015-01-01

    Addressing the open problem of engineering normative open systems using the multi-agent paradigm, normative open systems are explained as systems in which heterogeneous and autonomous entities and institutions coexist in a complex social and legal framework that can evolve to address the different and often conflicting objectives of the many stakeholders involved. Presenting  a software engineering approach which covers both the analysis and design of these kinds of systems, and which deals with the open issues in the area, ROMAS (Regulated Open Multi-Agent Systems) defines a specific multi-agent architecture, meta-model, methodology and CASE tool. This CASE tool is based on Model-Driven technology and integrates the graphical design with the formal verification of some properties of these systems by means of model checking techniques. Utilizing tables to enhance reader insights into the most important requirements for designing normative open multi-agent systems, the book also provides a detailed and easy t...

  12. An Agent-based Extensible Climate Control System for Sustainable Greenhouse Production

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Jan Corfixen; Jørgensen, Bo Nørregaard; Klein, Mark;

    2011-01-01

    environment. Negotiation is done using a novel multi-issue negotiation protocol that uses a generic algorithm to find an optimized solution within the search space. The Multi-Agent control system has been empirically evaluated in an ornamental floriculture research facility in Denmark. The evaluation showed...

  13. Action of agents on glucosyltransferases from Streptococcus mutans in solution and adsorbed to experimental pellicle.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wunder, D; Bowen, W H

    1999-03-01

    Glucosyltransferase (Gtf) activity mediates sucrose-dependent adherence of mutans streptococci to the tooth surface, is essential for the cariogenicity of these micro-organisms, and contributes significantly to the exopolysaccharide component of the dental-plaque matrix. Clearly, agents that inhibit Gtfs could have therapeutic benefit. Here the effects of agents that inhibit Gtfs in solution and adsorbed to a surface were explored. Various classes of chemical reagents were tested for their ability to inhibit the enzymes responsible for insoluble-glucan synthesis (GtfB), insoluble/soluble glucan synthesis (GtfC), and soluble-glucan (GtfD) from Streptococcus mutans. Standard inhibition assays were done with Gtf enzyme in solution or with Gtf adsorbed to parotid saliva-coated hydroxylapatite (surface phase). Reagents tested included the metallic cations Li+, Zn2+, Cu2+, Fe2+ and Fe3+; the oxidizing compounds hypochlorite, Rose Bengal, perborate, and sodium-meta-periodate; and a panel of sugars and sugar analogues including sorbitol, xylitol, 1',4',6' trideoxy-trichloro-galactosucrose (TGS), and 1-deoxynojirimycin (dNJ). In solution, Gtf activity was inhibited significantly, at the highest concentrations tested: by the metal ions Zn2+, Cu2+, Fe2+ and Fe3+ (approx. 40-80% inhibition); by Rose Bengal and hypochlorite (approx. 80-90% inhibition); and by TGS and dNJ (approx. 50-80%). However, surface-adsorbed Gtfs displayed increased resistance to inhibition by the same metal cations and oxidizing compounds that inhibited them in solution. In contrast, both TGS and dNJ possessed similar inhibition profiles for both surface-bound Gtf and enzyme in solution. These data indicate that the nature of the inhibitor is important, and also whether the Gtf enzyme is in solution or adsorbed to saliva-coated hydroxylapatite. PMID:10217511

  14. The Deontic Transaction Model in Multi-Agent Normative Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Yonghua; Esterline, Albert

    1998-01-01

    In the area of multi-agent systems, much research is devoted to the coordination of the agents. There exist several issues, two of which are summarized. The first is that, although agents are said to be autonomous, they always react in a predictable way to each message, and they cannot decide to violate the conventions that are hard-wired into the protocol. In fact, there might be circumstances in which the agent violates a convention in order to realize a private goal that it considers to be more important. Another issue is that, if the protocols that agents use to react to the environment are fixed, they have no way to respond to changes. However, an important characteristic of agents is that they eon react to a changing environment. Although transaction models ([BOH92], [GR93]) evolved from the database domain, they establish a general execution paradigm that ideally covers all the subsystems invoked in a sequence of transactions. So transaction models apply to multi-agent systems. Recently, some research has been devoted to overcoming the limitations of the traditional transaction models which are suitable for conventional systems and focus on system integrity, e,g., [SJ97]. Here we solve above issues by turning to a deontic concept: obligation. In multi-agent systems, agents interact with each other according to norms, We use deontic logic ([And58], [Aqv84], [B C96], [JS94], [MW93]) to model norms. Here the norms prescribe how the agents ought to behave, but-- and this is essential-- they do not exclude the possibility of "bad" behavior (i.e., the actual behavior may deviate from the ideal), and so they also prescribe what should be done in circumstances of norm violation. Thus, we propose a new approach --- a deontic transaction model for multi-agent normative systems. Our approach improves the protocol of "abort/commit" of traditional transaction models to a protocol of "abort/exception/commit". In multi-agent normative systems, we can see the violation of a

  15. AGENT BASED INTRUSION DETECTION SYSTEM IN MANET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. K. Mandal

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper a technique for intrusion detection in MANET has been proposed where agents are fired from a node which traverses each node randomly and detect the malicious node. Detection is based on triangular encryption technique (TE where AODV is taken as routing protocol. For simulation we have taken NS2 (2.33 where two type of parameters are considered out of which number of nodes and percentage of node mobility are the attributes. For analysis purpose 20, 30, 30, 40, 50 and 60 nodes are taken with a variable percentage of malicious node as 0 %( no malicious, 10%, 20%, 30% and 40%. Analysis have been done taking generated packets, forwarded packets, delay, and average delay as parameters

  16. The Geographic Information Grid System Based on Mobile Agent

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    We analyze the deficiencies of current application systems, and discuss the key requirements of distributed Geographic Information service (GIS). We construct the distributed GIS on grid platform. Considering the flexibility and efficiency, we integrate the mobile agent technology into the system. We propose a new prototype system, the Geographic Information Grid System (GIGS) based on mobile agent. This system has flexible services and high performance, and improves the sharing of distributed resources. The service strategy of the system and the examples are also presented.

  17. An Immunity-Based Anomaly Detection System with Sensor Agents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoshiteru Ishida

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes an immunity-based anomaly detection system with sensor agents based on the specificity and diversity of the immune system. Each agent is specialized to react to the behavior of a specific user. Multiple diverse agents decide whether the behavior is normal or abnormal. Conventional systems have used only a single sensor to detect anomalies, while the immunity-based system makes use of multiple sensors, which leads to improvements in detection accuracy. In addition, we propose an evaluation framework for the anomaly detection system, which is capable of evaluating the differences in detection accuracy between internal and external anomalies. This paper focuses on anomaly detection in user’s command sequences on UNIX-like systems. In experiments, the immunity-based system outperformed some of the best conventional systems.

  18. A role based coordination model in agent systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Ya-ying; YOU Jin-yuan

    2005-01-01

    Coordination technology addresses the construction of open, flexible systems from active and independent software agents in concurrent and distributed systems. In most open distributed applications, multiple agents need interaction and communication to achieve their overall goal. Coordination technologies for the Internet typically are concerned with enabling interaction among agents and helping them cooperate with each other.At the same time, access control should also be considered to constrain interaction to make it harmless. Access control should be regarded as the security counterpart of coordination. At present, the combination of coordination and access control remains an open problem. Thus, we propose a role based coordination model with policy enforcement in agent application systems. In this model, coordination is combined with access control so as to fully characterize the interactions in agent systems. A set of agents interacting with each other for a common global system task constitutes a coordination group. Role based access control is applied in this model to prevent unauthorized accesses. Coordination policy is enforced in a distributed manner so that the model can be applied to the open distributed systems such as Intemet. An Internet online auction system is presented as a case study to illustrate the proposed coordination model and finally the performance analysis of the model is introduced.

  19. Evolutionary Role Model for Multi-Agent Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekinci, Erdem Eser; Dikenelli, Oğuz

    In sociology, the role concept is deeply researched to predict activities of human organizations and theorized with many sub-theories. In the same direction, multi-agent system researchers use the role concept to model and program the agents behaviours, cooperations. But there is an important point missed out by the MAS researchers: evolution of the organization. In this paper, by inspiring from the efforts in sociology, we propose an evolutionary role model for coping with the evolution of the role-based multi-agent systems.

  20. Defence System of Respiratory Tract and Clearence of Inhalation Agents

    OpenAIRE

    Nesrin Ocal

    2016-01-01

    It is well known that inhaled urban air contains many particles and gases. On the other hand, the anesthetic agents used in respiratory diseases comprise pharmaceutical particles. Deposition and cleaning processes of both the inhaled foreign particles and gases from room air, and inhalation agents from respiratory tract are very important clinically. These processes are carried out by the defense mechanisms of the respiratory system. In this review, the defence system of respiratory tract and...

  1. Agent-based Model Construction in Financial Economic System

    OpenAIRE

    Hokky Situngkir; Yohanes Surya

    2004-01-01

    The paper gives picture of enrichment to economic and financial system analysis using agent-based models as a form of advanced study for financial economic data post-statistical-data analysis and micro- simulation analysis. Theoretical exploration is carried out by using comparisons of some usual financial economy system models frequently and popularly used in econophysics and computational finance. Primitive model, which consists of agent microsimulation with fundamentalist strategy, chartis...

  2. Smart Agent Based Mobile Tutoring and Querying System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suresh Sankaranarayanan

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available With our busy schedules today and the rising cost of education there is a need to find a convenient and cost effective means of maximizing our educational/training experiences. New trends in the delivery/access of information are becoming more technology based in all areas of society with education being no exception. The ubiquitous use of mobile devices has led to a boom in m-commerce. Mobile devices provide many services in commercial environments such as mobile banking, mobile purchasing, mobile learning, etc. It is therefore fitting that we seek to use mobile devices as a platform in delivering our convenient and cost effective solution. The proposed agent based Mobile tutoring system seeks to provide a student with a rich learning experience that will provide them with the relevant reading material based on their stage of development which allows them to move at their own pace. The system will allow the user to be able to ask certain questions and get explanations as if they were interacting with a human tutor but with the added benefit of being able to do this anytime in any location via their mobile phone.

  3. Nanoparticles as strengthening agents in polymer systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shahid, Naureen

    2005-11-01

    Carboxylate-substituted alumina nanoparticles are produced solvent free using mechanical shear. The general nature of this method has been demonstrated for L-lysine-, stearate, and p-hydroxybenzoate-derived materials. The reaction rate and particle size is controlled by a combination of temperature and shear rate. The nanoparticles are spectroscopically equivalent to those reported from aqueous syntheses, however, the average particle size can be decreased and the particle size distribution narrowed depending on the reaction conditions. Lysine and p-hydroxybenzoato alumoxanes have been introduced in carbon fiber reinforced epoxide resin composites. Different preparation conditions have been studied to obtain composite with enhanced performances that are ideal for the motor sports and aerospace industries. A new composite material has been fabricated utilizing surface-modified carboxylate alumoxane nanoparticles and the biodegradable polymer poly(propylene fumarate)/poly(propylene fumarate)-diacrylate (PPF/PPF-DA). For this study, composites were prepared using various functional groups including: a surfactant alumoxane to enhance nanoparticle dispersion into the polymer; an activated-alumoxane to enhance nanoparticle interaction with the polymer matrix; a mixed alumoxane containing both activated and surfactant groups. Nanocomposites prepared with all types of alumoxane, as well as blank polymer resin and unmodified boehmite, underwent mechanical testing and were characterized by SEM and microprobe analysis. A nanocomposite composed of mixed alumoxane nanoparticles dispersed in PPF/PPF-DA exhibited increased flexural modulus compared to polymer resin alone, and a significant enhancement over both the activated and surfacted alumoxanes. Boric acid is used as the cross-linking agent in oil well drilling industry even though the efficacy of the borate ion, [B(OH)4]- , as a cross-linking agent is poor. The reaction product of boric acid and the polysaccharide guaran

  4. Forward osmosis desalination using polymer hydrogels as a draw agent: influence of draw agent, feed solution and membrane on process performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Dan; Zhang, Xinyi; Simon, George P; Wang, Huanting

    2013-01-01

    We have previously reported the use of hydrogel particles as the draw agent for forward osmosis desalination. In the present work, the effects of draw agent, feed concentration and membrane on the process performance were systematically examined. Our results showed that the incorporation of carbon filler particles in polymer hydrogels led to enhanced swelling ratios of the draw agents and thus higher water fluxes in the FO process. The composite polymer hydrogel particles of sizes ranging from 100 μm to 200 μm as draw agents induced greater water fluxes in FO desalination as compared with those with larger particle sizes (500-700 μm). Similar to other types of draw solutes, as the salt concentration in the feed increased, the water flux created by the polymer hydrogel draw agent decreased; the use of a cellulose triacetate forward osmosis membrane resulted in higher water flux compared with the use of a polyamide composite reverse osmosis membrane. PMID:23103058

  5. GENERAL: Consensus protocol for multi-agent continuous systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Fu-Xiao; Guan, Xin-Ping; Liu, De-Rong

    2008-10-01

    Based on the algebraic graph theory, the networked multi-agent continuous systems are investigated. Firstly, the digraph (directed graph) represents the topology of a networked system, and then a consensus convergence criterion of system is proposed. Secondly, the issue of stability of multi-agent systems and the consensus convergence problem of information states are all analysed. Furthermore, the consensus equilibrium point of system is proved to be global and asymptotically reach the convex combination of initial states. Finally, two examples are taken to show the effectiveness of the results obtained in this paper.

  6. Consensus protocol for multi-agent continuous systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tan Fu-Xiao; Guan Xin-Ping; Liu De-Rong

    2008-01-01

    Based on the algebraic graph theory,the networked multi-agent continuous systems are investigated.Firstly,the digraph(directed graph)represents the topology of a networked system,and then a consensus convergence criterion of system is proposed.Secondly,the issue of stability of multi-agent systems and the consensus convergence problem of information states are all analysed.Furthermore,the Consensus equilibrium point of system is proved to be global and asymptotically reach the convex combination of initial states.Finally,two examples are taken to show the effectiveness of the results obtained in this paper.

  7. Swarming behaviors in multi-agent systems with nonlinear dynamics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yu, Wenwu, E-mail: wenwuyu@gmail.com [Department of Mathematics, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096 (China); School of Electrical and Computer Engineering, RMIT University, Melbourne VIC 3001 (Australia); Chen, Guanrong [Department of Electronic Engineering, City University of Hong Kong, Hong Kong (China); Cao, Ming [Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, ITM, University of Groningen (Netherlands); Lü, Jinhu [Institute of Systems Science, Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100190 (China); Zhang, Hai-Tao [Department of Control Science and Engineering, State Key Laboratory of Digital Manufacturing Equipment and Technology, Huazhong University of Science and Technology, Wuhan 430074 (China)

    2013-12-15

    The dynamic analysis of a continuous-time multi-agent swarm model with nonlinear profiles is investigated in this paper. It is shown that, under mild conditions, all agents in a swarm can reach cohesion within a finite time, where the upper bounds of the cohesion are derived in terms of the parameters of the swarm model. The results are then generalized by considering stochastic noise and switching between nonlinear profiles. Furthermore, swarm models with limited sensing range inducing changing communication topologies and unbounded repulsive interactions between agents are studied by switching system and nonsmooth analysis. Here, the sensing range of each agent is limited and the possibility of collision among nearby agents is high. Finally, simulation results are presented to demonstrate the validity of the theoretical analysis.

  8. Control Prosody using Multi-Agent System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenji MATSUI

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Persons who have undergone a laryngectomy have a few options to partially restore speech but no completely satisfactory device. Even though the use of an electrolarynx (EL is the easiest way for a patient to produce speech, it does not produce a natural tone and appearance is far from normal. Because of that and the fact that none of them are hands-free, the feasibility of using a motion sensor to replace a conventional EL user interface has been explored. A mobile device motion sensor with multi-agent platform has been used to investigate on/off and pitch frequency control capability. A very small battery operated ARM-based control unit has also been developed to evaluate the motion sensor based user-interface. This control unit is placed on the wrist and the vibration device against the throat using support bandage. Two different conversion methods were used for the forearm tilt angle to pitch frequency conversion: linear mapping method and F0 template-based method A perceptual evaluation has been performed with two well-trained normal speakers and ten subjects. The results of the evaluation study showed that both methods are able to produce better speech quality in terms of the naturalness.

  9. Knee System Utilizing Personalized Solutions Instrumentation

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ATTUNE® Knee System utilizing the TRUMATCH® Personalized Solutions Instrumentation Click Here to view the BroadcastMed, Inc. Privacy Policy and Legal Notice © 2016 BroadcastMed, Inc. All rights reserved.

  10. Incorporating Agent Technology for Enhancing the Effectiveness of E-learning System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N Sivakumar

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The advancement in internet and multimedia technologies with years of constant progress in developing software tools to support education have reshaped the way knowledge is delivered allowing E-learning to emerge as a solution to conventional learning methods. It has turned out that the learning process can significantly be improved if the learning content is specifically adapted to individual learners' preferences, learning progress and needs. The complexity of evaluating highly interactive e-learning environment has become an issue that is being addressed by educational developers. The main objective of our paper is to incorporate agent technology to enhance the effectiveness of e-learning system. Software agents have a great potential for supporting learning processes that target and deliver learning materials to learners. A possible way is to use software agents to extract and organize data in intelligent ways. This paper provides conceptualization of the agent based effective e-learning strategies. An agent based feedback oriented e-learning system accompanied by agent based testing for estimation of student's grade; dynamic generation of contents and expert query management system is also proposed. The use of agent technology in these activities would considerably reduce the human intervention involved in managing e-learning processes.

  11. Intelligent Multi-Agent Online Examination System

    OpenAIRE

    Anaekwe, Jane Chioma

    2015-01-01

    ABSTRACT: Examinations are essential tools in an education system and are used to test the knowledge, learning capabilities, and progress of a student in a specific domain. Due to its importance in an academic system, it is therefore vital to have an examination system that is fair and efficient. The traditional paper-based examinations are known to have various constraints such as, their time consuming nature, delays in declaration of results, human errors and tedious evaluation/management o...

  12. A perspective on agent systems paradigm, formalism, examples

    CERN Document Server

    Cetnarowicz, Krzysztof

    2015-01-01

    This monograph presents the concept of agents and agent systems. It starts with a formal approach and then presents examples of practical applications. In order to form the principles of construction of autonomous agents, a model of the agent is introduced. Subsequent parts of the monograph include several examples of applications of the term agent. Descriptions of different examples of applications of agent systems in such fields as evolution systems, mobile robot systems, artificial intelligence systems are given. The book constitutes an outline of methodology of the design and realization of agent systems based on the M-agent architecture oriented on different areas of applications.                                                                                                                                                                     �...

  13. Agent-based model for the h-index - exact solution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Żogała-Siudem, Barbara; Siudem, Grzegorz; Cena, Anna; Gagolewski, Marek

    2016-01-01

    Hirsch's h-index is perhaps the most popular citation-based measure of scientific excellence. In 2013, Ionescu and Chopard proposed an agent-based model describing a process for generating publications and citations in an abstract scientific community [G. Ionescu, B. Chopard, Eur. Phys. J. B 86, 426 (2013)]. Within such a framework, one may simulate a scientist's activity, and - by extension - investigate the whole community of researchers. Even though the Ionescu and Chopard model predicts the h-index quite well, the authors provided a solution based solely on simulations. In this paper, we complete their results with exact, analytic formulas. What is more, by considering a simplified version of the Ionescu-Chopard model, we obtained a compact, easy to compute formula for the h-index. The derived approximate and exact solutions are investigated on a simulated and real-world data sets.

  14. Agents in an Integrated System Architecture

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hartvig, Susanne C; Andersen, Tom

    This paper presents research findings from development of an expert system and its integration into an integrated environment. Expert systems has proven hard to integrate because of their interactive nature. A prototype environment was developed using new integration technologies, and research...

  15. A multi-agent system for coordinating international shipping

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Goldsmith, S.Y.; Phillips, L.R.; Spires, S.V.

    1998-05-01

    Moving commercial cargo across the US-Mexico border is currently a complex, paper-based, error-prone process that incurs expensive inspections and delays at several ports of entry in the Southwestern US. Improved information handling will dramatically reduce border dwell time, variation in delivery time, and inventories, and will give better control of the shipment process. The Border Trade Facilitation System (BTFS) is an agent-based collaborative work environment that assists geographically distributed commercial and government users with transshipment of goods across the US-Mexico border. Software agents mediate the creation, validation and secure sharing of shipment information and regulatory documentation over the Internet, using the World Wide Web to interface with human actors. Agents are organized into Agencies. Each agency represents a commercial or government agency. Agents perform four specific functions on behalf of their user organizations: (1) agents with domain knowledge elicit commercial and regulatory information from human specialists through forms presented via web browsers; (2) agents mediate information from forms with diverse otologies, copying invariant data from one form to another thereby eliminating the need for duplicate data entry; (3) cohorts of distributed agents coordinate the work flow among the various information providers and they monitor overall progress of the documentation and the location of the shipment to ensure that all regulatory requirements are met prior to arrival at the border; (4) agents provide status information to human actors and attempt to influence them when problems are predicted.

  16. H∞ CONTROL OF NETWORKED MULTI-AGENT SYSTEMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhongkui LI; Zhisheng DUAN; Lin HUANG

    2009-01-01

    This paper concerns the disturbance rejection problem arising in the coordination control of a group of autonomous agents subject to external disturbances. The agent network is said to possess a desired level of disturbance rejection, if the H∞ norm of its transfer function matrix from the disturbance to the controlled output is satisfactorily small. Undirected graph is used to represent the information flow topology among agents. It is shown that the disturbance rejection problem of an agent network can be solved by analyzing the H∞ control problem of a set of independent systems whose dimensions are equal to that of a single node. An interesting result is that the disturbance rejection ability of the whole agent network coupled via feedback of merely relative measurements between agents will never be better than that of an isolated agent. To improve this, local feedback injections are applied to a small fraction of the agents in the network. Some criteria for possible performance improvement are derived in terms of linear matrix inequalities. Finally, extensions to the case when communication time delays exist are also discussed.

  17. Domain Nucleation and Confinement In Agent Controlled Bistable Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Battogtokh, Dorjsuren

    2014-01-01

    We report a new mechanism of pattern formation in growing bistable systems coupled indirectly. A modified Fujita et. al. model is studied as an example of a reaction-diffusion system of nondiffusive activator and inhibitor molecules immersed in the medium of a fast diffusive agent. Here we show that, as the system grows, a new domain nucleates spontaneously in the area where the local level of the agent becomes critical. Newly nucleated domains are stable and the pattern formation is different from Turing's mechanism in monostable systems. Domains are spatially confined by the agent even if the activator and inhibitor molecules diffuse. With the spatial extension of the system, a larger domain may undergo a wavenumber instability and the concentrations of active molecules within the neighboring elements of a domain can become sharply different. The new mechanism reported in this work can be generic for pattern formation systems involving multistability, growth, and indirect coupling.

  18. Multi-agent autonomous system and method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fink, Wolfgang (Inventor); Dohm, James (Inventor); Tarbell, Mark A. (Inventor)

    2010-01-01

    A method of controlling a plurality of crafts in an operational area includes providing a command system, a first craft in the operational area coupled to the command system, and a second craft in the operational area coupled to the command system. The method further includes determining a first desired destination and a first trajectory to the first desired destination, sending a first command from the command system to the first craft to move a first distance along the first trajectory, and moving the first craft according to the first command. A second desired destination and a second trajectory to the second desired destination are determined and a second command is sent from the command system to the second craft to move a second distance along the second trajectory.

  19. Adaptive Home System Using Wireless Sensor Network And Multi Agent System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jayarani Kamble

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Smart Home is an emerging technology growing continuously which includes number of new technologies which helps to improve human’s quality of living. This paper proposes an adaptive home system for optimum utilization of power, through Artificial Intelligence and Wireless Sensor network. Artificial Intelligence is a technology for developing adaptive system that can perceive the enviornmrnt, learn from the environment and can make decision using Rule based system.Zigbee is a wireless sensor network used to efficiently deliver solution for an energy management and efficiency for adaptive home. An algorithm used in adaptive home system is based on software agent approach that reduce the energy consumption at home by considering the user’s occupancy, temperature and user’s preferences as input to the system.

  20. An intelligent agent for optimal river-reservoir system management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rieker, Jeffrey D.; Labadie, John W.

    2012-09-01

    A generalized software package is presented for developing an intelligent agent for stochastic optimization of complex river-reservoir system management and operations. Reinforcement learning is an approach to artificial intelligence for developing a decision-making agent that learns the best operational policies without the need for explicit probabilistic models of hydrologic system behavior. The agent learns these strategies experientially in a Markov decision process through observational interaction with the environment and simulation of the river-reservoir system using well-calibrated models. The graphical user interface for the reinforcement learning process controller includes numerous learning method options and dynamic displays for visualizing the adaptive behavior of the agent. As a case study, the generalized reinforcement learning software is applied to developing an intelligent agent for optimal management of water stored in the Truckee river-reservoir system of California and Nevada for the purpose of streamflow augmentation for water quality enhancement. The intelligent agent successfully learns long-term reservoir operational policies that specifically focus on mitigating water temperature extremes during persistent drought periods that jeopardize the survival of threatened and endangered fish species.

  1. A Secure Mobile Agent System against Tailgating Attacks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Marikkannu

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: A lot of real time applications have extended their hands towards Mobile Agents to accomplish various tasks, due to its flexibility in its functionalities. Since Mobile Agent Systems are used in a distributed environment, it is obvious that they may be vulnerable to various security threats. Most of the security threats faced by the mobile agent systems are overcome by existing security algorithms and architectures. One of the major threats which are not of much focus in a mobile agent system is the Tailgating attack. Approach: In this study, mobile agent system architecture has been proposed to overcome Tailgating. The proposed architecture uses the mechanism of Dual Check-point to preclude Tailgating attacks. Also, to support the mechanism, we use fragmentation and defragmentation techniques. This assures a free flow of data within the system. Results: The results obtained prove that the system is much efficient in its operations as well is immune to Tailgating attacks. Conclusion: The security of the system is improved with the implementation of the Dual Check-point method.

  2. Visual numerical steering in 3D AGENT code system for advanced nuclear reactor modeling and design

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Highlights: ► Numerical steering framework developed for deterministic neutron transport code AGENT to speed up the solution. ► Resulting speed up is on the order of 50%. ► Use of the steering framework is demonstrated modeling a TRIGA reactor. ► Numerical steering framework showed to be well suited for the deterministic neutron transport methods. - Abstract: The AGENT simulation system is used for detailed three-dimensional modeling of neutron transport and corresponding properties of nuclear reactors of any design. Numerical solution to the neutron transport equation in the AGENT system is based on the Method of Characteristics (MOCs) and the theory of R-functions. The latter of which is used for accurately describing current and future heterogeneous lattices of reactor core configurations. The AGENT code has been extensively verified to assure a high degree of accuracy for predicting neutron three-dimensional point-wise flux spatial distributions, power peaking factors, reaction rates, and eigenvalues. In this paper, a new AGENT code feature, a computational steering, is presented. This new feature provides a novel way for using deterministic codes for fast evaluation of reactor core parameters, at no loss to accuracy. The computational steering framework as developed at the Technische Universität München is smoothly integrated into the AGENT solver. This framework allows for an arbitrary interruption of AGENT simulation, allowing the solver to restart with updated parameters. One possible use of this is to accelerate the convergence of the final values resulting in significantly reduced simulation times. Using this computational steering in the AGENT system, coarse MOC resolution parameters can initially be selected and later update them – while the simulation is actively running – into fine resolution parameters. The utility of the steering framework is demonstrated using the geometry of a research reactor at the University of Utah: this new

  3. Flocking of multi-agent systems with multiple groups

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jing, Gangshan; Zheng, Yuanshi; Wang, Long

    2014-12-01

    In this paper, we consider the flocking problem of multi-agent systems with multiple groups. First, some algorithms using local information are designed to divide the agents into any pre-assigned number of groups in fixed and switching heterogeneous networks, respectively. Based on algebraic graph theory and Barbalat's lemma, convergence criteria are established to ensure velocity alignment and cohesion of each subgroup as well as collision avoidance between any agents in the whole group. Second, an algorithm for homogeneous networks is studied. Simulation examples are finally presented to verify the effectiveness of our theoretical results.

  4. Collective states in social systems with interacting learning agents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semeshenko, Viktoriya; Gordon, Mirta B.; Nadal, Jean-Pierre

    2008-08-01

    We study the implications of social interactions and individual learning features on consumer demand in a simple market model. We consider a social system of interacting heterogeneous agents with learning abilities. Given a fixed price, agents repeatedly decide whether or not to buy a unit of a good, so as to maximize their expected utilities. This model is close to Random Field Ising Models, where the random field corresponds to the idiosyncratic willingness to pay. We show that the equilibrium reached depends on the nature of the information agents use to estimate their expected utilities. It may be different from the systems’ Nash equilibria.

  5. Design and Development a Control and Monitoring System for Greenhouse Conditions Based-On Multi Agent System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Hamidreza Kasaei

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The design of a multi-agent system for integrated management of greenhouse production is described. The model supports the integrated greenhouse production, with targets set to quality and quantity of produce with the minimum possible cost in resources and environmental consequences.
    In this paper, we propose a real time and robust system for monitoring and control of the greenhouse condition which can automatically control of greenhouse temperature, lights, humidity, CO2 concentration, sunshine, pH, salinity, water available, soil temperature and soil nutrient for efficient production. We will propose a multi-agent methodology for integrated management systems in greenhouses. In this regards wireless sensor networks play a vital role to monitor
    greenhouse and environment parameters. Each control process of the greenhouse environment is modeled as an autonomous agent with its own inputs, outputs and its own interactions with the other agents. Each agent acts autonomously, as it knows a priori the desired environmental setpoints. Many researchers have been making attempts to develop the greenhouse environment management system. The existing environment management systems are bulky, very costly and difficult to maintain. In the last years, Multi Agent Systems and Wireless Sensor Networks are becoming important solutions to this problem. This paper describes the implementation and
    configuration of the wireless sensor network to monitor and control various parameter of greenhouse. The developed system is simple, cost effective, and easily installable.

  6. Efficient refolding of the bifunctional therapeutic fusion protein VAS-TRAIL by a triple agent solution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Jiying; Wang, Zhanqing; Huang, Liying; Shen, Yaling

    2016-09-01

    VAS-TRAIL is a bifunctional fusion protein that combines anti-angiogenic activity with tumor-selective apoptotic activity for enhanced anti-tumor efficacy. VAS-TRAIL is expressed as inclusion body in Escherichia coli, but protein refolding is difficult to achieve and results in low yields of bioactive protein. In this study, we describe an efficient method for VAS-TRAIL refolding. The solubilization of aggregated VAS-TRAIL was achieved by a triple agent solution, which consists of an alkaline solution (pH 11.5) containing 0.4M l-arginine and 2M urea. The solubilized protein showed high purity and preserved secondary structure according to fluorescence properties. VAS-TRAIL refolding was performed through stepwise dialysis and resulted in more than 50% recovery of the soluble protein. The function of l-arginine was additive with alkaline pH, as shown by the significant improvement in refolding yield (≈30%) by l-arginine-containing solubilization solutions compared with alkaline solubilization solutions without l-arginine. The refolded VAS-TRAIL also showed β-sheet structures and the propensity for oligomerization. Bioassays showed that the refolded fusion protein exhibited the expected activities, including its apoptotic activities toward tumor and endothelial cells, which proposed its promising therapeutic potential. PMID:26358405

  7. Enhancing E-Health Information Systems with Agent Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Pasquier-Rocha

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Agent Technology is an emerging and promising research area in software technology, which increasingly contributes to the development of value-added information systems for large healthcare organizations. Through the MediMAS prototype, resulting from a case study conducted at a local Swiss hospital, this paper aims at presenting the advantages of reinforcing such a complex E-health man-machine information organization with software agents. The latter will work on behalf of human agents, taking care of routine tasks, and thus increasing the speed, the systematic, and ultimately the reliability of the information exchanges. We further claim that the modeling of the software agent layer can be methodically derived from the actual “classical” laboratory organization and practices, as well as seamlessly integrated with the existing information system.

  8. Informatics Solutions for Smart Metering Systems Integration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simona-Vasilica OPREA

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper different aspects regarding smart metering systems integration have been depicted. Smart metering systems, renewable energy sources integration and advanced tariff systems implementation require informatics solution that could automatically collect and process data, forecast the behavior of electricity consumers, analyze trends regarding electricity prices, optimize the consumption of consumers, provide friendly interfaces, etc. They are advanced technologies that represent solutions for insufficient conventional primary energy sources, gas emissions, dependency on energy sources located outside European Union and issues related to energy efficiency. This paper mainly describes several informatics solutions correlated with operational requirements for smart metering system and our proposal for simplified architecture of smart metering systems, with three distinct levels (base level, middle level and top level and load profile calculation methods.

  9. Bang 3: A Computational Multi-Agent System

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Neruda, Roman; Krušina, Pavel; Kudová, Petra; Rydvan, Pavel; Beuster, G.

    Piscataway : IEEE, 2004 - (Zhong, N.; Bradshaw, J.; Pal, S.; Talia, D.; Liu, J.; Cerrone, N.), s. 563-564 ISBN 0-7695-2101-0. [IAT 2004. IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conference on Intelligent Agent Technology. Beijing (CN), 20.09.2004-24.09.2004] R&D Projects: GA AV ČR 1ET100300419 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z1030915 Keywords : multi - agent system s * Bang 3 * computational intelligence models Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics

  10. Negotiation and argumentation in multi-agent systems

    CERN Document Server

    Lopes, Fernando

    2014-01-01

    Multi-agent systems (MAS) composed of autonomous agents representing individuals or organizations and capable of reaching mutually beneficial agreements through negotiation and argumentation are becoming increasingly important and pervasive.Research on both automated negotiation and argumentation in MAS has a vigorous, exciting tradition. However, efforts to integrate both areas have received only selective attention in the academia and the practitioner literature. A symbiotic relationship could significantly strengthen each area's progress and trigger new R&D challenges and prospects toward t

  11. Smart systems and simple agents: industry pricing by parallel rules

    OpenAIRE

    Raymond Board; Tinsley, P A

    1996-01-01

    A standard macroeconomic specification is that the aggregate economy is directed by a single, smart representative agent using optimal decision rules. This paper explores an alternative conjecture--that the dynamic behavior of markets is often better interpreted as the interactions of many heterogeneous, rule-of-thumb agents who are loosely coupled in smart systems--much like the contrast of a single serial processor with global information versus parallel processors with limited communicatio...

  12. Position paper: an agent-oriented architecture for building automation systems applied to assistive technologies

    OpenAIRE

    Järvinen, Hannu; Garcia Gasulla, Dario

    2012-01-01

    Building Automation Systems typically consists of di erent types of devices interacting and sharing information with each other. Similarly, Multi-Agent Systems has focused on flexible mechanisms to coordinate networks of (usually distributed) autonomous computational entities. The integration of these two fields provides powerful solutions to complex problems. Such integration has often been attempted by using Web technologies, such as Web services. However, the lack of a common standa...

  13. Synchronized Task Decomposition for Cooperative Multi-agent Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Karimadini, M

    2009-01-01

    The key challenge in cooperative control for multi-agent systems could be how to design the local interaction rules and coordination principles among agents so as to achieve certain desired global behaviors. In this paper, we try to tackle this challenge from the angle of hierarchical control, and propose a divide-and-conquer approach. The basic idea is to decompose the requested global specification into subtasks for individual agents or small clusters of agents. It should be noted that the decomposition is not arbitrary. The global specification should be decomposed in such a way that the fulfilment of these subtasks by each individual agent will imply the satisfaction of the global specification as a team. Formally, a given global specification can be represented as an automaton A, while a multi-agent system can be captured as a set of parallel distributed systems. The first question needs to be answered is whether it is always possible to decompose a given task automaton A into a finite number of sub-auto...

  14. Agent-Based Routing in Queueing Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Gallay, Olivier

    2010-01-01

    Waiting time in any network is often a costly and hence a bad experience. Therefore, to avoid jamming regions becomes essential in the optimization of traffic flows. In this regard, the conception and the control of complex networks supporting flows of units are key issues in various strategic engineering and service areas ranging from manufacturing systems, supply chains, retail stores, transportation and communication networks to only quote a few. Flow dynamics depend jointly on the routing...

  15. Evaluation of Security Solutions for Android Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Shabtai, Asaf; Mimran, Dudu; Elovici, Yuval

    2015-01-01

    With the increasing usage of smartphones a plethora of security solutions are being designed and developed. Many of the security solutions fail to cope with advanced attacks and are not aways properly designed for smartphone platforms. Therefore, there is a need for a methodology to evaluate their effectiveness. Since the Android operating system has the highest market share today, we decided to focus on it in this study in which we review some of the state-of-the-art security solutions for A...

  16. Numerical solution of large sparse linear systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This note is based on one of the lectures given at the 1980 CEA-EDF-INRIA Numerical Analysis Summer School whose aim is the study of large sparse linear systems. The main topics are solving least squares problems by orthogonal transformation, fast Poisson solvers and solution of sparse linear system by iterative methods with a special emphasis on preconditioned conjuguate gradient method

  17. Soliton solutions in a diatomic lattice system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A continuum limit is considered for a diatomic lattice system with a cubic nonlinearity. A long wave equation describing the interaction of acoustic and optical modes is obtained. It reduces, in certain approximations, to equations having coupled wave solutions. The solutions exhibit trapping of an optical mode by an acoustic soliton. The form of the trapped optical wave depends on the mass ratio of adjacent particles in the diatomic lattice. (author)

  18. Safe-Guarded Agent Design Pattern for Mechatronic Systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Phong, Dao Ba; Vries, de Theo J.A.; Amerongen, van Job

    2010-01-01

    To support the application of real-time Multi-Agent Control Systems (MACS) for mechatronic systems, a combination between the MACS design approach and OROCOS framework has been implemented: the OROCOS-based Implementation Framework for MACS (OROMACS). This paper presents our research results to make

  19. An Expressive Language and Efficient Execution System for Software Agents

    CERN Document Server

    Barish, G; 10.1613/jair.1548

    2011-01-01

    Software agents can be used to automate many of the tedious, time-consuming information processing tasks that humans currently have to complete manually. However, to do so, agent plans must be capable of representing the myriad of actions and control flows required to perform those tasks. In addition, since these tasks can require integrating multiple sources of remote information ? typically, a slow, I/O-bound process ? it is desirable to make execution as efficient as possible. To address both of these needs, we present a flexible software agent plan language and a highly parallel execution system that enable the efficient execution of expressive agent plans. The plan language allows complex tasks to be more easily expressed by providing a variety of operators for flexibly processing the data as well as supporting subplans (for modularity) and recursion (for indeterminate looping). The executor is based on a streaming dataflow model of execution to maximize the amount of operator and data parallelism possib...

  20. Multi-agent Oriented Policy-based Management System for Virtual Enterprise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Hu

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Virtual enterprise is a temporary organization consists of some independent enterprises, aiming to share technology, cost and other resource. It is predicted to be the most important business organizational patterns in the 21st century. To up speed the development of virtual enterprise, this paper presented a policy-based multi-agent management system to simulate the manipulation of virtual enterprise. Firstly, a hierarchical policy specification is proposed to control the behavior of agent.  Secondly, the detection algorithms and resolution strategies are described for the conflicts that may be brought about by hierarchical policy. Thirdly, a policy admin tool to simplify the operations of policies is presented. Each enterprise registered in this tool is assigned an agent; policies made by enterprises are executed by agents correspondingly. Subdivision of application level and representation scope of policy leads to that policy-based mechanism not only provides good system control on autonomy agents, but also ensures the flexibility of agents; and gives the solution for policy conflicts at the same time. Finally, the main characteristics of this system are discussed by an example.  

  1. A Generic Agent Organisation Framework For Autonomic Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Kota, Ramachandra; Gibbins, Nicholas; Nicholas R Jennings

    2009-01-01

    Autonomic computing is being advocated as a tool for managing large, complex computing systems. Specifically, self-organisation provides a suitable approach for developing such autonomic systems by incorporating self-management and adaptation properties into large-scale distributed systems. To aid in this development, this paper details a generic problem-solving agent organisation framework that can act as a modelling and simulation platform for autonomic systems. Our framework describes a se...

  2. EDM COLLABORATIVE MANUFACTURING SYSTEM BASED ON MULTI-AGENT TECHNIQUES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Wansheng; Zhao Jinzhi; Song Yinghui; Yang Xiaodong

    2003-01-01

    A framework for building EDM collaborative manufacturing system using multi-agent technology to support organizations characterized by physically distributed, enterprise-wide, heterogeneous intelligent manufacturing system over Internet is proposed. Expert system theory is introduced.Design, manufacturing and technological knowledge are shared using artificial intelligence and web techniques by EDM-CADagent, EDM-CAMagent and EDM-CAPPagent. System structure, design process, network conditions, realization methods and other key techniques are discussed. Instances are also introduced to testify feasibility.

  3. Towards Designing Multi Agent Mobile and Internet Based Voting System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamed Khlaif

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Voting systems are essential in most democratic societies .Thevoting process is very difficult and consuming time and effortprocess. One of the major problems of voting is the securityprocess. The E-voting system is process to use mobile multiagents system which can be less time consuming and moreaccurate due to Agent role through encryption/decryption whichreduce the risk of casting vote In trouble environment. the votewill be received by the agent which will be encrypted and sent tomobile data base, and similar action is carried out in the Internetagent who will carry out similar process in a similar manner .Voting data is collected in three different sources whicheventually collected in master data base after decrypting all votes. the counting agent counts the votes and classify votes for eachperspective owner.

  4. Mobile Agent Based Framework for Integrating Digital Library System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Few of the current approaches to achieve the integration of digital library system have considered the influence of network factors on quality of service for the integration system of digital libraries. For this reason, a mobile agent based framework for integrating digital library system is proposed. Based on this framework, a prototype system is implemented and the key technique for it are described. Compared with the current approaches, using mobile agent technique to achieve the integration of digital library system can not only avoid transmitting a lot of data on the network, lower the dependence on network bandwidth for the system, but also improve the quality of service for the integration system of digital libraries in intermitted or unreliable network connection settings.

  5. Diagnosing Learning Disabilities in a Special Education By an Intelligent Agent Based System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khaled Nasser elSayed

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The presented paper provides an intelligent agent based classification system for diagnosing and evaluation of learning disabilities with special education students. It provides pedagogy psychology profiles for those students and offer solution strategies with the best educational activities. It provides tools that allow class teachers to discuss psycho functions and basic skills for learning skills, then, performs psycho pedagogy evaluation by comprising a series of strategies in a semantic network knowledge base. The system’s agent performs its classification of student’s disabilities based on its past experience that it got from the exemplars that were classified by expert and acquired in its knowledge base

  6. An Agent-based Manufacturing Management System for Production and Logistics within Cross-Company Regional and National Production Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Hanel

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available The goal is the development of a simultaneous, dynamic, technological as well as logistical real-time planning and an organizational control of the production by the production units themselves, working in the production network under the use of Multi-Agent-Technology. The design of the multi-agent-based manufacturing management system, the models of the single agents, algorithms for the agent-based, decentralized dispatching of orders, strategies and data management concepts as well as their integration into the SCM, basing on the solution described, will be explained in the following.

  7. Citrate-coated silver nanoparticles interactions with effluent organic matter: influence of capping agent and solution conditions

    KAUST Repository

    Gutierrez, Leonardo

    2015-07-31

    of solution conditions and capping agents on the stability of AgNPs in solution. However, the characteristics of organics would play a crucial role in the fate and transport of these nano contaminants in urban wastewaters and natural water systems.

  8. Agent autonomy approach to probabilistic physics-of-failure modeling of complex dynamic systems with interacting failure mechanisms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gromek, Katherine Emily

    A novel computational and inference framework of the physics-of-failure (PoF) reliability modeling for complex dynamic systems has been established in this research. The PoF-based reliability models are used to perform a real time simulation of system failure processes, so that the system level reliability modeling would constitute inferences from checking the status of component level reliability at any given time. The "agent autonomy" concept is applied as a solution method for the system-level probabilistic PoF-based (i.e. PPoF-based) modeling. This concept originated from artificial intelligence (AI) as a leading intelligent computational inference in modeling of multi agents systems (MAS). The concept of agent autonomy in the context of reliability modeling was first proposed by M. Azarkhail [1], where a fundamentally new idea of system representation by autonomous intelligent agents for the purpose of reliability modeling was introduced. Contribution of the current work lies in the further development of the agent anatomy concept, particularly the refined agent classification within the scope of the PoF-based system reliability modeling, new approaches to the learning and the autonomy properties of the intelligent agents, and modeling interacting failure mechanisms within the dynamic engineering system. The autonomous property of intelligent agents is defined as agent's ability to self-activate, deactivate or completely redefine their role in the analysis. This property of agents and the ability to model interacting failure mechanisms of the system elements makes the agent autonomy fundamentally different from all existing methods of probabilistic PoF-based reliability modeling. 1. Azarkhail, M., "Agent Autonomy Approach to Physics-Based Reliability Modeling of Structures and Mechanical Systems", PhD thesis, University of Maryland, College Park, 2007.

  9. Multi Site Coordination using a Multi-Agent System

    CERN Document Server

    Monteiro, Thibaud; Anciaux, Didier

    2008-01-01

    A new approach of coordination of decisions in a multi site system is proposed. It is based this approach on a multi-agent concept and on the principle of distributed network of enterprises. For this purpose, each enterprise is defined as autonomous and performs simultaneously at the local and global levels. The basic component of our approach is a so-called Virtual Enterprise Node (VEN), where the enterprise network is represented as a set of tiers (like in a product breakdown structure). Within the network, each partner constitutes a VEN, which is in contact with several customers and suppliers. Exchanges between the VENs ensure the autonomy of decision, and guarantiee the consistency of information and material flows. Only two complementary VEN agents are necessary: one for external interactions, the Negotiator Agent (NA) and one for the planning of internal decisions, the Planner Agent (PA). If supply problems occur in the network, two other agents are defined: the Tier Negotiator Agent (TNA) working at t...

  10. Towards Time Automata and Multi-Agent Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hutzler, G.; Klaudel, H.; Wang, D. Y.

    2004-01-01

    The design of reactive systems must comply with logical correctness (the system does what it is supposed to do) and timeliness (the system has to satisfy a set of temporal constraints) criteria. In this paper, we propose a global approach for the design of adaptive reactive systems, i.e., systems that dynamically adapt their architecture depending on the context. We use the timed automata formalism for the design of the agents' behavior. This allows evaluating beforehand the properties of the system (regarding logical correctness and timeliness), thanks to model-checking and simulation techniques. This model is enhanced with tools that we developed for the automatic generation of code, allowing to produce very quickly a running multi-agent prototype satisfying the properties of the model.

  11. Antibacterial activities and release kinetics of a newly developed recoverable controlled agent-release system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ehara, A; Torii, M; Imazato, S; Ebisu, S

    2000-03-01

    We attempted to develop a resin with a recoverable antibacterial activity based on the desorption/adsorption of a cationic bactericide by the ion-exchange mechanism. The aims of this study were to investigate the release kinetics of the agent and the antibacterial activity of this newly designed resin system. An experimental resin was prepared by the addition of methacrylic acid as a cation-exchanger and a cationic antibacterial agent, cetylpyridinium chloride (CPC), to triethyleneglycol dimethacrylate. The amount of CPC desorbed from the experimental resin into buffer solutions at pH 4-8 was measured. The adsorption of CPC to control resin and re-adsorption of CPC to the experimental resin, which had once desorbed the agent, were also determined. The antibacterial activity of experimental resin against Streptococcus mutans was evaluated, and the relationship between bacterial acid production and antibacterial effect was assessed. The experimental resin desorbed CPC at pH amount of agent desorbed increased with increasing acidity. The control resin adsorbed CPC when immersed in CPC aqueous solution at a rate determined by the concentration of the agent and immersion time. The experimental resin, once desorbed CPC, could re-adsorb the bactericide by being exposed to a solution of the agent. Less plaque formed on the experimental resin, and the growth and survival of S. mutans was inhibited in the condition in which acid was produced. These results demonstrate that the resin system proposed was able to desorb and re-adsorb the cationic bactericide by an ion-exchange mechanism and could show an inhibitory effect on S. mutans growth and plaque formation. PMID:10765955

  12. NOVEL STARCH SOLUTION PREPARED FROM THE STARCH IN NAOH/THIOUREA/UREA AQUEOUS SOLUTION AND ITS APPLICATION AS SURFACE SIZING AGENT

    OpenAIRE

    Xu-Qing Wang; Xiao-Fan Zhou

    2011-01-01

    Novel starch solutions were prepared by dissolving starch in NaOH/ thiourea/ urea aqueous solution, and they were further used as a surface sizing agent at high solids content in papermaking to improve the surface strength of papers. Two methods were adopted to dissolve the starch. In method A dry starch granules were directly added into the prepared solution. In method B a starch slurry was mixed with the prepared solution. The results revealed that method B was more effective than method A ...

  13. Agent-based distributed hierarchical control of dc microgrid systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meng, Lexuan; Vasquez, Juan Carlos; Guerrero, Josep M.;

    2014-01-01

    In order to enable distributed control and management for microgrids, this paper explores the application of information consensus and local decisionmaking methods formulating an agent based distributed hierarchical control system. A droop controlled paralleled DC/DC converter system is taken as ....... Standard genetic algorithm is applied in each local control system in order to search for a global optimum. Hardware-in-Loop simulation results are shown to demonstrate the effectiveness of the method....

  14. Resilience of a synchronized multi-agent system

    OpenAIRE

    Bereg, S.; Caraballo, L. E.; Díaz-Báñez, J. M.; Lopez, M.A.

    2016-01-01

    Fault tolerance is increasingly important for unmanned autonomous vehicles. For example, in a multi robot system the agents need the ability to effectively detect and tolerate internal failures in order to continue performing their tasks without the need for immediate human intervention. The system must react to unplanned events in order to optimize the task allocation between the robots. In a broad sense, the resilience of a system can be defined as the ability to maintain or recover a stabl...

  15. A Study of an Intelligent Battlefield Damage Assessment System Based on a Multi-agent System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Xiang-kai; DAI Wan-jun; TANG Yan-feng; WANG Jia-ning

    2008-01-01

    Battlefield damage assessment is the key to Battlefield Damage Assessment and Repair (BDAR).We present an Intelligent Battlefield Damage Assessment System (IBDAS) based on multi-agent system technology. We first establish the system framework, and then study the interior structure and workflow of a problem allocation agent. The result shows that, there are many advantages to resolve the problem of battlefield damage assessment by applying multi-agent system technology, and it will bring significant military benefit.

  16. Product Distribution Theory for Control of Multi-Agent Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Chia Fan; Wolpert, David H.

    2004-01-01

    Product Distribution (PD) theory is a new framework for controlling Multi-Agent Systems (MAS's). First we review one motivation of PD theory, as the information-theoretic extension of conventional full-rationality game theory to the case of bounded rational agents. In this extension the equilibrium of the game is the optimizer of a Lagrangian of the (probability distribution of) the joint stare of the agents. Accordingly we can consider a team game in which the shared utility is a performance measure of the behavior of the MAS. For such a scenario the game is at equilibrium - the Lagrangian is optimized - when the joint distribution of the agents optimizes the system's expected performance. One common way to find that equilibrium is to have each agent run a reinforcement learning algorithm. Here we investigate the alternative of exploiting PD theory to run gradient descent on the Lagrangian. We present computer experiments validating some of the predictions of PD theory for how best to do that gradient descent. We also demonstrate how PD theory can improve performance even when we are not allowed to rerun the MAS from different initial conditions, a requirement implicit in some previous work.

  17. Smart Agent Learning based Hotel Search System- Android Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wayne Lawrence

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The process of finding the finest hotel in central location is time consuming, information overload and overwhelming and in some cases poses a security risk to the client. Over time with competition in the market among travel agents and hotels, the process of hotel search and booking has improved with the advances in technology. Various web sites allow a user to select a destination from a pull-down list along with several categories to suit one’s preference.. Some of the more advanced web sites allow for a search of the destination via a map for example hotelguidge.com and jamaica.hotels.hu. Recently good amount of work been carried in the use of Intelligent agents towards hotel search on J2ME based mobile handset which still has some weakness. The proposed system so developed uses smart software agents that overcomes the weakness in the previous system by collaborating among themselves and search Google map based on criteria selected by the user and return results to the client that is precise and best suit the user requirements. In addition, the agent possesses learning capability of searching the hotels too which is based on past search experience. The booking of hotel involving cryptography has not been incorporated in this research paper and been published elsewhere. This will be facilitated on Android 2.2-enabled mobile phone using JADE-LEAP Agent development kit.

  18. LEXSYS: Architecture and Implication for Intelligent Agent systems

    CERN Document Server

    Robert, Charles A B

    2010-01-01

    LEXSYS, (Legume Expert System) was a project conceived at IITA (International Institute of Tropical Agriculture) Ibadan Nigeria. It was initiated by the COMBS (Collaborative Group on Maize-Based Systems Research in the 1990. It was meant for a general framework for characterizing on-farm testing for technology design for sustainable cereal-based cropping system. LEXSYS is not a true expert system as the name would imply, but simply a user-friendly information system. This work is an attempt to give a formal representation of the existing system and then present areas where intelligent agent can be applied.

  19. Iterative solution of singular systems with applications

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Blaheta, Radim; Jakl, Ondřej; Starý, Jiří; Turan, E.

    Ostrava: Institute of Geonics AS CR, 2013, s. 23-28. ISBN 978-80-86407-34-0. [SNA ’13. Seminar on Numerical Analysis. Rožnov pod Radhoštěm (CZ), 21.01.2013-25.01.2013] Institutional support: RVO:68145535 Keywords : iterative solution * singular systems * Neumann boundary conditions Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics

  20. Conversational agent or direct manipulation in human-system interaction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Os, E.A. den; Boves, L.W.J.; Rossignol, S.Y.P.; Bosch, L.F.M. ten; Vuurpijl, L.G.

    2005-01-01

    In this paper we investigate the usability of speech-centric multimodal interaction by comparing two systems that support the same unfamiliar task, viz. bathroom design. One version implements a conversational agent (CA) metaphor, while the alternative one is based on direct manipulation (DM). Twent

  1. Agent-based modelling of socio-technical systems

    CERN Document Server

    van Dam, Koen H; Lukszo, Zofia

    2012-01-01

    Here is a practical introduction to agent-based modelling of socio-technical systems, based on methodology developed at TU Delft, which has been deployed in a number of case studies. Offers theory, methods and practical steps for creating real-world models.

  2. Engineering a Multi-Agent System in GOAL

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villadsen, Jørgen; Jensen, Andreas Schmidt; Christensen, Nicolai Christian; Hess, Andreas Viktor; Johnsen, Jannick Boese; Woller, Øyvind Grønland; Ørum, Philip Bratt

    We provide a brief description of the GOAL-DTU system, including the overall design, the tools and the algorithms that we used in the Multi-Agent Programming Contest 2013. We focus on a description of the strategies and on an analysis of the matches. We also evaluate our experiences with the GOAL...

  3. Engineering a Multi-Agent System in GOAL

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villadsen, Jørgen; Jensen, Andreas Schmidt; Christensen, Nicolai Christian;

    2013-01-01

    We provide a brief description of the GOAL-DTU system, including the overall design, the tools and the algorithms that we used in the Multi-Agent Programming Contest 2013. We focus on a description of the strategies and on an analysis of the matches. We also evaluate our experiences with the GOAL...

  4. Following Car Algorithm With Multi Agent Randomized System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mounir Gouiouez

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available We present a new Following Car Algorithm in Microscopic Urban Traffic Models which integrates some real-life factors that need to be considered, such as the effect of random distributions in the car speed, acceleration, entry of lane… Our architecture is based on Multi-Agent Randomized Systems (MARSdeveloped in earlier publications

  5. Space Exploration Systems, Strategies and Solutions

    OpenAIRE

    Viscio, Maria Antonietta

    2014-01-01

    The present thesis describes the PhD research activities dealing with the topic "Space Exploration Systems, Strategies and Solutions". Traveling beyond low Earth orbit is the next step in the conquest of the solar system and so far, a human expedition to Mars is considered the most interesting goal of future human space exploration. Due to the technological and operational challenges associated with such a mission, it is necessary to define an opportune path of exploration, relying on many mi...

  6. Data Mining Process Optimization in Computational Multi-agent Systems

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kazík, O.; Neruda, Roman

    Cham: Springer, 2015 - (Cao, L.; Zeng, Y.; An, B.; Symeonidis, A.; Gorodetsky, V.; Coenen, F.; Yu, P.), s. 93-103. (Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence. 9145). ISBN 978-3-319-20229-7. ISSN 0302-9743. [ADMI 2014. International Workshop on Agents and Data Mining Interaction /10./. Paris (FR), 05.05.2014-09.05.2014] R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LD13002 Grant ostatní: GA UK(CZ) 629612; SVV(CZ) 265314 Institutional support: RVO:67985807 Keywords : multi-agent systems * role-based models * data mining * computational intelligence * preprocessing * meta-learning Subject RIV: IN - Informatics, Computer Science

  7. A multi-agent system for monitoring patient flow.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosati, Samanta; Tralli, Augusta; Balestra, Gabriella

    2013-01-01

    Patient flow within a healthcare facility may follow different and, sometimes, complicated paths. Each path phase is associated with the documentation of the activities carried out during it and may require the consultation of clinical guidelines, medical literature and the use of specific software and decision aid systems. In this study we present the design of a Patient Flow Management System (PFMS) based on Multi Agent Systems (MAS) methodology. System requirements were identified by means of process modeling tools and a MAS consisting of six agents was designed and is under construction. Its main goal is to support both the medical staff during the health care process and the hospital managers in assuring that all the required documentation is completed and available. Moreover, such a tool can be used for the assessment and comparison of different clinical pathways, in order to identify possible improvementsand the optimum patient flow. PMID:23920718

  8. Using Agents in Web-Based Constructivist Collaborative Learning System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘莹; 林福宗; 王雪

    2004-01-01

    Web-based learning systems are one of the most interesting topics in the area of the application of computers to education. Collaborative learning, as an important principle in constructivist learning theory, is an important instruction mode for open and distance learning systems. Through collaborative learning, students can greatly improve their creativity, exploration capability, and social cooperation. This paper used an agent-based coordination mechanism to respond to the requirements of an efficient and motivating learning process. This coordination mechanism is based on a Web-based constructivist collaborative learning system, in which students can learn in groups and interact with each other by several kinds of communication modes to achieve their learning objectives efficiently and actively. In this learning system, artificial agents represent an active part in the collaborative learning process; they can partially replace human instructors during the multi-mode interaction of the students.

  9. Multi-Agent System Interaction in Integrated SCM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. N. Purohit

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Coordination between organizations on strategic, tactical and operation levels leads to more effective and efficient supply chains. Supply chain management is increasing day by day in modern enterprises. The environment is becoming competitive and many enterprises will find it difficult to survive if they do not make their sourcing, production and distribution more efficient. Multi-agent supply chain management has recognized as an effective methodology for supply chain management. Multi-agent systems (MAS offer new methods compared to conventional, centrally organized architectures in the scope of supply chain management (SCM. Since necessary data are not available within the whole supply chain, an integrated approach for production planning and control taking into account all the partners involved is not feasible. In this study we show how MAS architecture interacts in the integrated SCM architecture with the help of various intelligent agents to highlight the above problem.

  10. Flocking shape analysis of multi-agent systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    In this paper,we consider the shape control in flocking behavior of a multi-agent system with a virtual leader.Besides the traditional flocking control terms,which include a gradient-based term,a velocity consensus term and a navigational feed-back in general,a new piecewise smooth neighbor-based local controller is added to regulate the configuration to the desired flocking shape.All agent velocities approach the desired velocity asymptotically,while collisions among agents can be avoided.Furthermore,based on the proved stability,we obtain three kinds of flocking shapes,such as those in a single line,vee shape or corner shape.Some numerical simulation results are provided to demonstrate theoretical issues.

  11. Multi-Agent System Interaction in Integrated SCM

    CERN Document Server

    Sindhu, Ritu; Purohit, G N

    2009-01-01

    Coordination between organizations on strategic, tactical and operation levels leads to more effective and efficient supply chains. Supply chain management is increasing day by day in modern enterprises. The environment is becoming competitive and many enterprises will find it difficult to survive if they do not make their sourcing, production and distribution more efficient. Multi-agent supply chain management has recognized as an effective methodology for supply chain management. Multi-agent systems (MAS) offer new methods compared to conventional, centrally organized architectures in the scope of supply chain management (SCM). Since necessary data are not available within the whole supply chain, an integrated approach for production planning and control taking into account all the partners involved is not feasible. In this study we show how MAS architecture interacts in the integrated SCM architecture with the help of various intelligent agents to highlight the above problem.

  12. An Analysis Architecture for Communications in Multi-agent Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Celia Gutiérrez

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Evaluation tools are significant from the Agent Oriented Software Engineering (AOSE point of view. Defective designs of communications in Multi-agent Systems (MAS may overload one or several agents, causing a bullying effect on them. Bullying communications have avoidable consequences, as high response times and low quality of service (QoS. Architectures that perform evaluation functionality must include features to measure the bullying activity and QoS, but it is also recommendable that they have reusability and scalability features. Evaluation tools with these features can be applied to a wide range of MAS, while minimizing designer’s effort. This work describes the design of an architecture for communication analysis, and its evolution to a modular version, that can be applied to different types of MAS. Experimentation of both versions shows differences between its executions.

  13. Distributed Intrusion Detection for Computer Systems Using Communicating Agents

    OpenAIRE

    Ingram, Dennis J.; Kremer, H. Steven; Neil C. Rowe

    2000-01-01

    This paper appeared in the Proceedings of the 2000 Command and Control Research and Technology Symposium (CCRTS), Monterey, CA, June 11-13, 2000, and won the award for “Best Paper”. Intrusion detection for computer systems is a key problem of the Internet, and the Windows NT operating system has a number of vulnerabilities. The work presented here demonstrates that independent detection agents under Windows NT can be run in a distributed fashion, each operating mostly independent ...

  14. Agent-Based Process-Critiquing Decision Support Systems

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bošanský, Branislav; Lhotská, L.

    Bratislava: Slovak Technical University, 2009, s. 1-6. [ISABEL 2009. International Symposium on Applied Sciences in Biomedical and Communication Technologies /2./. Bratislava (SK), 24.12.2009-27.12.2009] R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) 1M06014 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10300504 Keywords : critiquing decision support system * multi-agent system * process * medical guidelines Subject RIV: IN - Informatics, Computer Science

  15. Many-Body Theory for Multi-Agent Complex Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson, Neil F.; Smith, David M. D.; Hui, Pak Ming

    2005-01-01

    Multi-agent complex systems comprising populations of decision-making particles, have wide application across the biological, informational and social sciences. We uncover a formal analogy between these systems' time-averaged dynamics and conventional many-body theory in Physics. Their behavior is dominated by the formation of 'Crowd-Anticrowd' quasiparticles. For the specific example of the Minority Game, our formalism yields analytic expressions which are in excellent agreement with numeric...

  16. Floating bioadhesive drug delivery system using novel effervescent agents

    OpenAIRE

    Belgamwar V; Surana S

    2009-01-01

    Oral sustained release gastroretentive dosage forms offer many advantages for drugs having absorption from the upper gastrointestinal tract and improve the bioavailability of medications that are characterized by the narrow absorption window. A new gastroretentive sustained release delivery system using the novel effervescent system was developed with floating, swellable, and bioadhesive properties. Various release retarding polymers like psyllium husk, HPMC K15M, and a swelling agent crosspo...

  17. Agent-Based Process-Critiquing Decision Support System

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bošanský, Branislav; Lhotská, L.

    Los Alamitos : IEEE Computer Society, 2009, s. 1-6. ISBN 978-1-4244-4640-7. [ISABEL 2009. International Symposium on Applied Sciences in Biomedical and Communication Technologies /2./. Bratislava (SK), 24.12.2009-27.12.2009] R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) 1M06014 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10300504 Keywords : decision support system s * health care * multi - agent system s Subject RIV: EC - Immunology

  18. Distributed Mechanisms for Multi-Agent Systems: Analysis and Design

    OpenAIRE

    Dash, Rajdeep K.

    2006-01-01

    There is an increasing need for multi-agent systems to operate under decentralised control regimes that support openness (individual components can enter and leave at will) and enable components representing distinct stakeholders with different aims and objectives to interact effectively. To this end, this thesis explores issues associated with using techniques from Game Theory and Mechanism Design to organise and analyse such systems. In particular, emphasis is given to distributed mechanism...

  19. Trends in practical applications of heterogeneous multi-agent systems : the PAAMS collection

    CERN Document Server

    Rodríguez, Juan; Mathieu, Philippe; Campbell, Andrew; Ortega, Alfonso; Adam, Emmanuel; Navarro, Elena; Ahrndt, Sebastian; Moreno, María; Julián, Vicente

    2014-01-01

    PAAMS, the International Conference on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems is an evolution of the International Workshop on Practical Applications of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems. PAAMS is an international yearly tribune to present, to discuss, and to disseminate the latest developments and the most important outcomes related to real-world applications. It provides a unique opportunity to bring multi-disciplinary experts, academics and practitioners together to exchange their experience in the development of Agents and Multi-Agent Systems. This volume presents the papers that have been accepted for the 2014 special sessions: Agents Behaviours and Artificial Markets (ABAM), Agents and Mobile Devices (AM), Bio-Inspired and Multi-Agents Systems: Applications to Languages (BioMAS), Multi-Agent Systems and Ambient Intelligence (MASMAI), Self-Explaining Agents (SEA), Web Mining and Recommender systems (WebMiRes) and Intelligent Educational Systems (SSIES).

  20. Performance Analysis of Agent based IPSM for Windows based Operating Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deepshikha Bhargava

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available All processes prevent casual exchange of data.However, occasionally two processes might need to communicatewith each other. One method that enables processes tocommunicate is called Inter Process Synchronization (IPS. In anOperating System on which several threads run concurrently, it isimportant to be able to synchronize the activities of variousthreads. Windows provides several synchronization objects thatenable to synchronize a thread's actions with those of anotherthread. These objects include critical sections, mutexes, events,and semaphores. The different solutions for Inter ProcessSynchronization problem are suggested [1] where some of thesesolutions have their own limitations or performance related issues.The agent based approach used in this paper has suggested a newalgorithm for agent IPSM which is an attempt to propose anoptimal solution to the problem. IPSM stands for Inter ProcessSynchronization Manager which is an agent used for solving theproblem of inter process synchronization. In the present paperagent based Inter Process Synchronization Manager (IPSM isdescribed and its performance is compared with agent based IPSMon different Windows based operating systems.

  1. Modelling of Multi-Agent Systems: Experiences with Membrane Computing and Future Challenges

    CERN Document Server

    Kefalas, Petros; 10.4204/EPTCS.33.5

    2010-01-01

    Formal modelling of Multi-Agent Systems (MAS) is a challenging task due to high complexity, interaction, parallelism and continuous change of roles and organisation between agents. In this paper we record our research experience on formal modelling of MAS. We review our research throughout the last decade, by describing the problems we have encountered and the decisions we have made towards resolving them and providing solutions. Much of this work involved membrane computing and classes of P Systems, such as Tissue and Population P Systems, targeted to the modelling of MAS whose dynamic structure is a prominent characteristic. More particularly, social insects (such as colonies of ants, bees, etc.), biology inspired swarms and systems with emergent behaviour are indicative examples for which we developed formal MAS models. Here, we aim to review our work and disseminate our findings to fellow researchers who might face similar challenges and, furthermore, to discuss important issues for advancing research on ...

  2. Adaptive, Distributed Control of Constrained Multi-Agent Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bieniawski, Stefan; Wolpert, David H.

    2004-01-01

    Product Distribution (PO) theory was recently developed as a broad framework for analyzing and optimizing distributed systems. Here we demonstrate its use for adaptive distributed control of Multi-Agent Systems (MASS), i.e., for distributed stochastic optimization using MAS s. First we review one motivation of PD theory, as the information-theoretic extension of conventional full-rationality game theory to the case of bounded rational agents. In this extension the equilibrium of the game is the optimizer of a Lagrangian of the (Probability dist&&on on the joint state of the agents. When the game in question is a team game with constraints, that equilibrium optimizes the expected value of the team game utility, subject to those constraints. One common way to find that equilibrium is to have each agent run a Reinforcement Learning (E) algorithm. PD theory reveals this to be a particular type of search algorithm for minimizing the Lagrangian. Typically that algorithm i s quite inefficient. A more principled alternative is to use a variant of Newton's method to minimize the Lagrangian. Here we compare this alternative to RL-based search in three sets of computer experiments. These are the N Queen s problem and bin-packing problem from the optimization literature, and the Bar problem from the distributed RL literature. Our results confirm that the PD-theory-based approach outperforms the RL-based scheme in all three domains.

  3. The potential for solubilizing agents to enhance the remediation of hydrophobic organic solutes in soil-water suspensions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laha, S.; Liu, Z.; Edwards, D.; Luthy, R.G.

    1991-02-01

    This paper discusses the feasibility for use of surfactant solubilizing agents to enhance the solubility and the rate of microbial degradation of hydrophobic organic solutes in soil-water suspensions. Hydrophobic organic contaminants are strongly sorbed to soil or sediment material, and as a consequence the rate of microbial degradation may depend greatly on the desorption of the sorbed-phase contaminant and the accessibility of the contaminant to soil microorganisms. Chemical solubilizing agents may enhance the rate of hydrophobic organic solute degradation by increasing the rate of solute desorption from soil and the extent of solute partitioning to the aqueous phase. The presentation will review on-going research on: surfactant solubilization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) compounds in clean water, and in soil-water suspensions; and experiments to assess if the addition of surfactant to soil-water suspension results in faster rate of mineralization of PAH compounds in soil.

  4. The potential for solubilizing agents to enhance the remediation of hydrophobic organic solutes in soil-water suspensions. [Quarterly report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laha, S.; Liu, Z.; Edwards, D.; Luthy, R.G.

    1991-02-01

    This paper discusses the feasibility for use of surfactant solubilizing agents to enhance the solubility and the rate of microbial degradation of hydrophobic organic solutes in soil-water suspensions. Hydrophobic organic contaminants are strongly sorbed to soil or sediment material, and as a consequence the rate of microbial degradation may depend greatly on the desorption of the sorbed-phase contaminant and the accessibility of the contaminant to soil microorganisms. Chemical solubilizing agents may enhance the rate of hydrophobic organic solute degradation by increasing the rate of solute desorption from soil and the extent of solute partitioning to the aqueous phase. The presentation will review on-going research on: surfactant solubilization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) compounds in clean water, and in soil-water suspensions; and experiments to assess if the addition of surfactant to soil-water suspension results in faster rate of mineralization of PAH compounds in soil.

  5. Challenges and solutions for clinical development of new antibacterial agents: results of a survey among pharmaceutical industry professionals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bettiol, Esther; Wetherington, Jeffrey D; Schmitt, Nicola; Harbarth, Stephan

    2015-07-01

    As the number of antibacterial medicines in the pipeline remains low, we anonymously surveyed pharmaceutical industry professionals on challenges and solutions for clinical development of these agents. Challenges were reported primarily as financial and regulatory. For multidrug-resistant organisms, there are needs for rapid diagnostic tests, new regulatory guidance, and adaptation of endpoints/trial designs. Regulators and public/private initiatives are addressing these challenges to help ensure that proposed solutions have the support of all involved stakeholders. PMID:25918147

  6. Influence of precipitating agents on thermodynamic parameters of protein crystallization solutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stavros, Philemon; Saridakis, Emmanuel; Nounesis, George

    2016-09-01

    X-ray crystallography is the most powerful method for determining three-dimensional structures of proteins to (near-)atomic resolution, but protein crystallization is a poorly explained and often intractable phenomenon. Differential Scanning Calorimetry was used to measure the thermodynamic parameters (ΔG, ΔH, ΔS) of temperature-driven unfolding of two globular proteins, lysozyme, and ribonuclease A, in various salt solutions. The mixtures were categorized into those that were conducive to crystallization of the protein and those that were not. It was found that even fairly low salt concentrations had very large effects on thermodynamic parameters. High concentrations of salts conducive to crystallization stabilized the native folded forms of proteins, whereas high concentrations of salts that did not crystallize them tended to destabilize them. Considering the ΔH and TΔS contributions to the ΔG of unfolding separately, high concentrations of crystallizing salts were found to enthalpically stabilize and entropically destabilize the protein, and vice-versa for the noncrystallizing salts. These observations suggest an explanation, in terms of protein stability and entropy of hydration, of why some salts are good crystallization agents for a given protein and others are not. This in turn provides theoretical insight into the process of protein crystallization, suggesting ways of predicting and controlling it. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Biopolymers 105: 642-652, 2016. PMID:27114109

  7. Web-based supplier relationship framework using agent systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Oboulhas Conrad Tsahat Onesime; XU Xiao-fei(徐晓飞); ZHAN De-chen(战德臣)

    2004-01-01

    In order to enable both manufacturers and suppliers to be profitable on today' s highly competitive markets, manufacturers and suppliers must be quick in selecting best partners establishing strategic relationship, and collaborating with each other so that they can satisfy the changing competitive manufacturing requirements. A web-based supplier relationships (SR) framework is therfore proposed using multi-agent systems and linear programming technique to reduce supply cost, increase flexibility and shorten response time. Web-based SR approach is an ideal platform for information exchange that helps buyers and suppliers to maintain the availability of materials in the right quantity, at the right place, and at the right time, and keep the customer-supplier relationship more transparent. A multi-agent system prototype was implemented by simulation, which shows the feasibility of the proposed architecture.

  8. Team Formation in Partially Observable Multi-Agent Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agogino, Adrian K.; Tumer, Kagan

    2004-01-01

    Sets of multi-agent teams often need to maximize a global utility rating the performance of the entire system where a team cannot fully observe other teams agents. Such limited observability hinders team-members trying to pursue their team utilities to take actions that also help maximize the global utility. In this article, we show how team utilities can be used in partially observable systems. Furthermore, we show how team sizes can be manipulated to provide the best compromise between having easy to learn team utilities and having them aligned with the global utility, The results show that optimally sized teams in a partially observable environments outperform one team in a fully observable environment, by up to 30%.

  9. From actors to agents in socio-ecological systems models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rounsevell, M D A; Robinson, D T; Murray-Rust, D

    2012-01-19

    The ecosystem service concept has emphasized the role of people within socio-ecological systems (SESs). In this paper, we review and discuss alternative ways of representing people, their behaviour and decision-making processes in SES models using an agent-based modelling (ABM) approach. We also explore how ABM can be empirically grounded using information from social survey. The capacity for ABM to be generalized beyond case studies represents a crucial next step in modelling SESs, although this comes with considerable intellectual challenges. We propose the notion of human functional types, as an analogy of plant functional types, to support the expansion (scaling) of ABM to larger areas. The expansion of scope also implies the need to represent institutional agents in SES models in order to account for alternative governance structures and policy feedbacks. Further development in the coupling of human-environment systems would contribute considerably to better application and use of the ecosystem service concept. PMID:22144388

  10. Consensus in multi-agent systems with time-delays

    OpenAIRE

    Zareh Eshghdoust, Mehran

    2015-01-01

    Different consensus problems in multi-agent systems have been addressed in this thesis. They represent improvements with respect to the state of the art. In the first part of the thesis in luding Chapters 2, 3, and 4, the state of the art of the representation and stability analysis of consensus problems, time-delay systems, and sampled-data systems have been presented. Novel contributions have been illustrated in Chapters 5-8. Particularly, in Chapter 5 we reported the results of Zareh et a...

  11. DAIDS: a Distributed, Agent-based Information Dissemination System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pete Haglich

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available The Distributed Agent-Based Information Dissemination System (DAIDS concept was motivated by the need to share information among the members of a military tactical team in an atmosphere of extremely limited or intermittent bandwidth. The DAIDS approach recognizes that in many cases communications limitations will preclude the complete sharing of all tactical information between the members of the tactical team. Communications may be limited by obstructions to the line of sight between platforms; electronic warfare; or environmental conditions, or just contention from other users of that bandwidth. Since it may not be possible to achieve a complete information exchange, it is important to prioritize transmissions so the most critical information from the standpoint of the recipient is disseminated first. The challenge is to be able to determine which elements of information are the most important to each teammate. The key innovation of the DAIDS concept is the use of software proxy agents to represent the information needs of the recipient of the information. The DAIDS approach uses these proxy agents to evaluate the content of a message in accordance with the context and information needs of the recipient platform (the agent's principal and prioritize the message for dissemination. In our research we implemented this approach and demonstrated that it provides nearly a reduction in transmission times for critical tactical reports by up to a factor of 30 under severe bandwidth limitations.

  12. Hybrid Multi-Agent System for Metalearning in Data Mining

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Pešková, K.; Šmíd, J.; Pilát, M.; Kazík, O.; Neruda, Roman

    Aachen University: CEUR, 2014. s. 53-54. ISSN 1613-0073. [MetaSel 2014. Meta-learning and Algorithm Selection. 19.08.2014, Prague] R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) LD13002 Grant ostatní: GA UK(CZ) 610214 Institutional support: RVO:67985807 Keywords : data mining * multi-agent systems * artificial intelligence Subject RIV: IN - Informatics, Computer Science http://ceur-ws.org/Vol-1201/paper-13.pdf

  13. An Activity Systems Theory Approach to Agent Technology

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Peng; Bai, Guohua

    2005-01-01

    In the last decade, Activity Theory has been discussed a lot in Human-Computer Interaction (HCI) and Computer Supported Cooperative Work (CSCW). Activity Theory was used both theoretically as an analytical method and practically as a development framework for Information Systems. Meanwhile, there is a new trench from Artificial Intelligence. Artificial Intelligence researchers find that the fruit from Activity Theory study may contribute, especially to Agent Technology, with socio-psychologic...

  14. CONTRIBUTIONS TO MULTI-AGENT SYSTEMS IMPLEMENTATION FOR PROJECT SCHEDULING

    OpenAIRE

    Constanta Nicoleta BODEA; Ileana Ruxandra BADEA

    2010-01-01

    Increasing project complexity makes scheduling problems more difficult to solve and requires more versatile algorithms. Two different approaches for the project scheduling optimization could be considered: TCPSP (Time-Constrained Project Scheduling), and RCPSP (Resource-Constrained Project Scheduling). In this paper we study thepossibility to apply Multi-Agent Systems (MAS) for these scheduling problems regarding different fitness functions. Wesearch for strengths and weaknesses of MAS as a p...

  15. 09121 Abstracts Collection -- Normative Multi-Agent Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Boella, Guido; Noriega, Pablo; Pigozzi, Gabriella

    2009-01-01

    From 15.03. to 20.03.2009, the Dagstuhl Seminar 09121 ``Normative Multi-Agent Systems '' was held in Schloss Dagstuhl~--~Leibniz Center for Informatics. During the seminar, several participants presented their current research, and ongoing work and open problems were discussed. Abstracts of the presentations given during the seminar as well as abstracts of seminar results and ideas are put together in this paper. The first section describes the seminar topics and goals in general.

  16. Information Systems Solutions for Environmental Sustainability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gholami, Roya; Watson, Richard T.; Hasan, Helen;

    2016-01-01

    We contend that too few information systems (IS) academics engage in impactful research that offers solutions to global warming despite the fact that climate change is one of the most critical challenges facing this generation. Climate change is a major threat to global sustainability in the 21st...... there is an emerging body of IS scholarship under the banner of green IS, we strongly believe that we need to step up these efforts. Our experience indicates that the emergence of green IS as an academic discipline is still by far too slow relative to the needs of society. Too few people are working on green IS given...... its importance, and fewer still are publishing papers about IS solutions that could contribute to dealing with climate change. In this editorial, we speculate on some reasons for why and explore how the IS discipline can grasp the opportunity to contribute to one of the most important societal...

  17. NOVEL STARCH SOLUTION PREPARED FROM THE STARCH IN NAOH/THIOUREA/UREA AQUEOUS SOLUTION AND ITS APPLICATION AS SURFACE SIZING AGENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xu-Qing Wang

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Novel starch solutions were prepared by dissolving starch in NaOH/ thiourea/ urea aqueous solution, and they were further used as a surface sizing agent at high solids content in papermaking to improve the surface strength of papers. Two methods were adopted to dissolve the starch. In method A dry starch granules were directly added into the prepared solution. In method B a starch slurry was mixed with the prepared solution. The results revealed that method B was more effective than method A to achieve a lower viscosity of the starch solution. Dissolving temperature played an important role in dissolution of the starch. The viscosity values decreased with a decrease in the temperature of sample preparation. The starch dissolved in 4 wt% NaOH – 3 wt% urea – 3 wt% thiourea aqueous solution at -10°C were optimized to do the further application experiments. This kind of starch solution had lower viscosity and reached better viscosity-temperature stability, the viscosity was stable over a broad range of temperatures, and it also can be stored for over one month under room temperature. The surface sized papers with them had outstanding surface strength. Moreover, the prepared starch solutions were investigated by infrared spectroscopic analysis and scanning electron microscope, respectively, showing the structure of the starch solution.

  18. Microfluidic System for Solution Array Based Bioassays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dougherty, G M; Tok, J B; Pannu, S S; Rose, K A

    2006-02-10

    The objective of this project is to demonstrate new enabling technology for multiplex biodetection systems that are flexible, miniaturizable, highly automated, low cost, and high performance. It builds on prior successes at LLNL with particle-based solution arrays, such as those used in the Autonomous Pathogen Detection System (APDS) successfully field deployed to multiple locations nationwide. We report the development of a multiplex solution array immunoassay based upon engineered metallic nanorod particles. Nanobarcodes{reg_sign} particles are fabricated by sequential electrodeposition of dissimilar metals within porous alumina templates, yielding optically encoded striping patterns that can be read using standard laboratory microscope optics and PC-based image processing software. The addition of self-assembled monolayer (SAM) coatings and target-specific antibodies allows each encoded class of nanorod particles to be directed against a different antigen target. A prototype assay panel directed against bacterial, viral, and soluble protein targets demonstrates simultaneous detection at sensitivities comparable to state of the art immunoassays, with minimal cross-reactivity. Studies have been performed to characterize the colloidal properties (zeta potential) of the suspended nanorod particles as a function of pH, the ionic strength of the suspending solution, and surface functionalization state. Additional studies have produced means for the non-contact manipulation of the particles, including the insertion of magnetic nickel stripes within the encoding pattern, and control via externally applied electromagnetic fields. Using the results of these studies, the novel Nanobarcodes{reg_sign} based assay was implemented in a prototype automated system with the sample processing functions and optical readout performed on a microfluidic card. The unique physical properties of the nanorod particles enable the development of integrated microfluidic systems for

  19. Bio-inspired Self-Adaptive Agents in Distributed Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ichiro SATOH

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false EN-US JA X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:12.0pt; font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-font-family:Cambria; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Cambria; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-ansi-language:EN-US;} This paper proposes a bio-inspired middleware for selfadaptive software agents on distributed systems. It is unique to other existing approaches for software adaptation because it introduces the notions of differentiation, dedifferentiation, and cellular division in cellular slime molds, e.g., dictyostelium discoideum, into real distributed systems. When an agent delegates a function to another agent coordinating with it, if the former has the function, this function becomes lessdeveloped and the latter’s function becomes welldeveloped.

  20. A multi-Agent system architecture for geographic information gathering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高刚毅; 王申康

    2004-01-01

    World Wide Web (WWW) is a vast repository of information, including a great deal of geographic information. But the location and retrieval of geographic information will require a significant amount of time and effort. In addition, different users usually have different views and interests in the same information. To resolve such problems, this paper first proposed a model of geographic information gathering based on multi-Agent (MA) architecture. Then based on this model, we construct a prototype system with GML (Geography Markup Language). This system consists of three tiers-Client, Web Server and Data Resource. Finally, we expatiate on the process of Web Server.

  1. A system of mobile agents to model social networks

    CERN Document Server

    González, M C; Lind, P G

    2006-01-01

    We propose a model of mobile agents to construct social networks, based on a system of moving particles by keeping track of the collisions during their permanence in the system. We reproduce not only the degree distribution, clustering coefficient and shortest path length of a large data base of empirical friendship networks recently collected, but also some features related with their community structure. The model is completely characterized by the collision rate and above a critical collision rate we find the emergence of a giant cluster in the universality class of two-dimensional percolation. Moreover, we propose possible schemes to reproduce other networks of particular social contacts, namely sexual contacts.

  2. Model-Drive Architecture for Agent-Based Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gradanin, Denis; Singh, H. Lally; Bohner, Shawn A.; Hinchey, Michael G.

    2004-01-01

    The Model Driven Architecture (MDA) approach uses a platform-independent model to define system functionality, or requirements, using some specification language. The requirements are then translated to a platform-specific model for implementation. An agent architecture based on the human cognitive model of planning, the Cognitive Agent Architecture (Cougaar) is selected for the implementation platform. The resulting Cougaar MDA prescribes certain kinds of models to be used, how those models may be prepared and the relationships of the different kinds of models. Using the existing Cougaar architecture, the level of application composition is elevated from individual components to domain level model specifications in order to generate software artifacts. The software artifacts generation is based on a metamodel. Each component maps to a UML structured component which is then converted into multiple artifacts: Cougaar/Java code, documentation, and test cases.

  3. Design of an Agent Based Traffic-Information Collection System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenedy Aliila Greyson

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Currently, traffic congestions are common events in road networks of main cities in developing countries. It has been observed that, the size of congestion increases year after year. For traffic congestion management to work efficiently, sufficiently and accurately information are needed. In this research we present an alternative method using agent technology to collect and manipulate data so as to be used in optimizing the vehicle flow within the road networks. The objective is to design an agent based system to provide sufficient and accurate information used in traffic flow management, and vehicle traffic congestion mitigation. The implementation approach is presented. The case study is a portion of the road network from the city of Dar es Salaam.

  4. A Solution to the Problem of Externalities when Agents are Well-Informed}

    OpenAIRE

    Hal R. Varian

    1994-01-01

    I describe a simple two-stage mechanism, the compensation mechanism, that implements efficient allocations in economic environments involving externalities. The compensation mechanism can be used to solve a wide variety of externalities problems, including the standard problem of public goods provision. It requires that that the agents know the magnitudes of the benefits and costs that they impose on other agents, but will also work with naive agents who follow a simple tatonnement.

  5. Propagation Modeling of Food Safety Crisis Information Update Based on the Multi-agent System

    OpenAIRE

    Meihong Wu; Jingfei Yang; Zhiling Hong

    2015-01-01

    This study propose a new multi-agent system frame based on epistemic default complex adaptive theory and use the agent based simulation and modeling the information updating process to study food safety crisis information dissemination. Then, we explore interaction effect between each agent in food safety crisis information dissemination at the current environment and mostly reveals how the government agent, food company agent and network media agent influence users confidence in food safety....

  6. Sharp Transition towards Shared Vocabularies in Multi-Agent Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Baronchelli, A; Caglioti, E; Loreto, V; Steels, L

    2005-01-01

    What processes can explain how very large populations are able to converge on the use of a particular word or grammatical construction without global coordination? Answering this question helps to understand why new language constructs usually propagate along an S-shaped curve with a rather sudden transition towards global agreement. It also helps to analyze and design new technologies that support or orchestrate self-organizing communication systems, such as recent social tagging systems for the web. The article introduces and studies a microscopic model of communicating autonomous agents performing language games without any central control. We show that the system undergoes a disorder/order transition, going trough a sharp symmetry breaking process to reach a shared set of conventions. Before the transition, the system builds up non-trivial scale-invariant correlations, for instance in the distribution of competing synonyms, which display a Zipf-like law. These correlations make the system ready for the tr...

  7. Conducting Verification and Validation of Multi- Agent Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nedhal Al Saiyd

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Verification and Validation (V&V is a series of activities ,technical and managerial ,which performed bysystem tester not the system developer in order to improve the system quality ,system reliability andassure that product satisfies the users operational needs. Verification is the assurance that the products ofa particular development phase are consistent with the requirements of that phase and preceding phase(s,while validation is the assurance that the final product meets system requirements. an outside agency canbe used to performed V&V, which is indicate by Independent V&V, or IV&V, or by a group within theorganization but not the developer, referred to as Internal V&V. Use of V&V often accompanies testing,can improve quality assurance, and can reduce risk. This paper putting guidelines for performing V&V ofMulti-Agent Systems (MAS.

  8. Antitubercular Agent Delamanid and Metabolites as Substrates and Inhibitors of ABC and Solute Carrier Transporters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sasabe, Hiroyuki; Shimokawa, Yoshihiko; Shibata, Masakazu; Hashizume, Kenta; Hamasako, Yusuke; Ohzone, Yoshihiro; Kashiyama, Eiji; Umehara, Ken

    2016-06-01

    Delamanid (Deltyba, OPC-67683) is the first approved drug in a novel class of nitro-dihydro-imidazooxazoles developed for the treatment of multidrug-resistant tuberculosis. Patients with tuberculosis require treatment with multiple drugs, several of which have known drug-drug interactions. Transporters regulate drug absorption, distribution, and excretion; therefore, the inhibition of transport by one agent may alter the pharmacokinetics of another, leading to unexpected adverse events. Therefore, it is important to understand how delamanid affects transport activity. In the present study, the potencies of delamanid and its main metabolites as the substrates and inhibitors of various transporters were evaluated in vitro Delamanid was not transported by the efflux ATP-binding cassette (ABC) transporters P-glycoprotein (P-gp; MDR1/ABCB1) and breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/ABCG2), solute carrier (SLC) transporters, organic anion-transporting polypeptides, or organic cation transporter 1. Similarly, metabolite 1 (M1) was not a substrate for any of these transporters except P-gp. Delamanid showed no inhibitory effect on ABC transporters MDR1, BCRP, and bile salt export pump (BSEP; ABCB11), SLC transporters, or organic anion transporters. M1 and M2 inhibited P-gp- and BCRP-mediated transport but did so only at the 50% inhibitory concentrations (M1, 4.65 and 5.71 μmol/liter, respectively; M2, 7.80 and 6.02 μmol/liter, respectively), well above the corresponding maximum concentration in plasma values observed following the administration of multiple doses in clinical trials. M3 and M4 did not affect the activities of any of the transporters tested. These in vitro data suggest that delamanid is unlikely to have clinically relevant interactions with drugs for which absorption and disposition are mediated by this group of transporters. PMID:27021329

  9. Enhancing Decision Making Using Intelligent System Solution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sushanta Kumar Panigrahi

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The development and deployment of managerial decision support system represents an emerging trend in the business and organizational field in which the increased application of Decision Support Systems (DSS can be compiling by Intelligent Systems (IS. Decision Support Systems (DSS are a specific class of computerized information system that supports business and organizational decision-making activities. A properly designed DSS is an interactive software-based system intended to help decision makers compile useful information from raw data, documents, personal knowledge, and/or business models to identify and solve problems and make decisions. Competitive business pressures and a desire to leverage existing information technology investments have led many firms to explore the benefits of intelligent data management solutions such as Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO. This technology is designed to help businesses to finding multi objective functions, which can help to understand the purchasing behavior of their key customers, detect likely credit card or insurance claim fraud, predict probable changes in financial markets, etc.

  10. Digital Watermark Tracking using Intelligent Multi-Agents System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagaraj V. DHARWADKAR

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available E-commerce has become a huge business and adriving factor in the development of the Internet. Onlineshopping services are well established. Due to the evolution of2G and 3G mobile networks, soon online shopping services arecomplemented by their wireless counterparts. Furthermore, inthe recent years online delivery of digital media, such as MP3audio or video or image is very popular and will become anincreasingly important part of E-commerce. The advantage ofinternet is sharing the valuable digital data which lead to misuseof digital data. To resolve the problem of misuse of digital dataon Internet we need to have strong Digital rights monitoringsystem. Digital Rights Management (DRM is fairly youngdiscipline, while some of its underlying technologies have beenknown from many years. The use of DRM for managing andprotecting intellectual property rights is a comparatively newfield. In this paper we propose a model for online digital imagelibrary copyright protection based on watermark trackingSystem.In our proposed model the tracking of watermarks onremote host nodes is done using active mobile agents. The multiagentsystem architecture is used in watermark tracking whichsupports the coordination of several component tasks acrossdistributed and flexible networks of information sources.Whereas a centralized system is susceptible to system-widefailures and processing bottlenecks, multi-agent systems aremore reliable, especially given the likelihood of individualcomponent failures.

  11. ANALYTIC SOLUTIONS OF SYSTEMS OF FUNCTIONAL EQUATIONS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LiuXinhe

    2003-01-01

    Let r be a given positive number.Denote by D=D the closed disc in the complex plane C whose center is the origin and radius is r.For any subset K of C and any integer m ≥1,write A(Dm,K)={f|f:Dm→Kis a continuous map,and f|(Dm)*is analytic).For H∈A(Dm,C)(m≥2),f∈A(D,D)and z∈D,write ψH(f)(z)=H(z,f(z)……fm=1(x)).Suppose F,G∈A(D2n+1,C),and Hk,Kk∈A(Dk,C),k=2,……,n.In this paper,the system of functional equations {F(z,f(z),f2(ψHz(f)(z))…,fn(ψk2(g)(x))… gn(ψKn(g)(z)))=0 G(z,f(z),f2(ψH2(f)(z))…fn(ψHn(f)(z)),g(z),g2(ψk2(g)(x))…,gn(ψkn(g)(z)))=0(z∈D)is studied and some conditions for the system of equations to have a solution or a unique solution in A(D,D)×A(D,D)are given.

  12. SLAP, Large Sparse Linear System Solution Package

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1 - Description of program or function: SLAP is a set of routines for solving large sparse systems of linear equations. One need not store the entire matrix - only the nonzero elements and their row and column numbers. Any nonzero structure is acceptable, so the linear system solver need not be modified when the structure of the matrix changes. Auxiliary storage space is acquired and released within the routines themselves by use of the LRLTRAN POINTER statement. 2 - Method of solution: SLAP contains one direct solver, a band matrix factorization and solution routine, BAND, and several interactive solvers. The iterative routines are as follows: JACOBI, Jacobi iteration; GS, Gauss-Seidel Iteration; ILUIR, incomplete LU decomposition with iterative refinement; DSCG and ICCG, diagonal scaling and incomplete Cholesky decomposition with conjugate gradient iteration (for symmetric positive definite matrices only); DSCGN and ILUGGN, diagonal scaling and incomplete LU decomposition with conjugate gradient interaction on the normal equations; DSBCG and ILUBCG, diagonal scaling and incomplete LU decomposition with bi-conjugate gradient iteration; and DSOMN and ILUOMN, diagonal scaling and incomplete LU decomposition with ORTHOMIN iteration

  13. The Distributed Workflow Management System--FlowAgent

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文军; 仲萃豪

    2000-01-01

    While mainframe or 2-tier client/server system have serious problems in flexibility and scalability for the large-scale business processes, 3-tier client/server architecture and object-oriented system modeling which construct business process on service components seem to bring software system some scalability. As enabling infrastructure for object-oriented methodology, distributed WFMS (Work-flow Management System) can flexibly describe business rules among autonomous 'service tasks', and support scalability of large-scale business process. But current distributed WFMS still have difficulty to manage a large number of distributed tasks, the 'multi-TaskDomain' architecture of FlowAgent will try to solve this problem, and bring a dynamic and distributed environment for task-scheduling.

  14. Robot Control Using UML and Multi-agent System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ales Pavliska

    2003-02-01

    Full Text Available Increased industrialization and new markets have led to an accumulation of used technical consumer goods, which results in greater exploitation of raw materials, energy and landfill sites. In order to reduce the use of natural resources conserve precious energy and limit the increase in waste volume. The application of disassembly techniques is the first step towards this prevention of waste. These techniques form a reliable and clean approach: "noble" or high-graded recycling. This paper presents a multi agent system for disassembly process, which is implemented in a computer-aided application for supervising of the disassembling system: the Interactive Intelligent Interface for Disassembling System. Unified modeling language diagrams are used for an internal and external definition of the disassembling system.

  15. Hierarchical noise in large systems of independent agents

    CERN Document Server

    Wilke, C; Wilke, Claus; Martinetz, Thomas

    1998-01-01

    A generalization of the coherent-noise models [M. E. J. Newman and K. Sneppen, Phys. Rev. E{\\bf54}, 6226 (1996)] is presented where the agents in the model are subjected to a multitude of stresses, generated in a hierarchy of different contexts. The hierarchy is realized as a Cayley-tree. Two different ways of stress propagation in the tree are considered. In both cases, coherence arises in large subsystems of the tree. Clear similarities between the behavior of the tree model and of the coherent-noise model can be observed. For one of the two methods of stress propagation, the behavior of the tree model can be approximated very well by an ensemble of coherent-noise models, where the sizes $k$ of the systems in the ensemble scale as $k^{-2}$. The results are found to be independent of the tree's structure for a large class of reasonable choices. Additionally, it is found that power-law distributed lifetimes of agents arise even under the complete absence of correlations between the stresses the agents feel.

  16. Effects of anesthetic agents on systemic critical O2 delivery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van der Linden, P; Gilbart, E; Engelman, E; Schmartz, D; Vincent, J L

    1991-07-01

    The present study tested the hypothesis that anesthetic agents can alter tissue O2 extraction capabilities in a dog model of progressive hemorrhage. After administration of pentobarbital sodium (25 mg/kg iv) and endotracheal intubation, the dogs were paralyzed with pancuronium bromide, ventilated with room air, and splenectomized. A total of 60 dogs were randomized in 10 groups of 6 dogs each. The first group served as control (C). A second group (P) received a continuous infusion of pentobarbital (4 mg.kg-2.h-2), which was started immediately after the bolus dose. Three groups received enflurane (E), halothane (HL), or isoflurane (I) at the end-tidal concentration of 0.7 minimum alveolar concentration (MAC). The sixth group received halothane at the end-tidal concentration of 1 MAC (HH). Two groups received intravenous alfentanil at relatively low dose (AL) or high dose (AH). The last two groups received intravenous ketamine at either relatively low dose (KL) or high dose (KH). In each group, O2 delivery (Do2) was progressively reduced by hemorrhage. At each step, systemic Do2 and O2 consumption (VO2) were measured separately and the critical point was determined from a plot of Vo2 vs. Do2. The critical O2 extraction ratio (OER) in the control group was 65.0 +/- 7.8%. OER was lower in all anesthetized groups (P, 44.3 +/- 11.8%; E, 47.0 +/- 7.7%; HL, 45.7 +/- 11.2%; I, 44.3 +/- 7.1%; HH, 33.7 +/- 6.0%; AL, 56.5 +/- 9.6%; AH, 43.5 +/- 5.9%; KH, 57.7 +/- 7.1%), except in the KL group (78.3 +/- 10.0%). The effects of halothane and alfentanil on critical OER were dose dependent (P less than 0.05), whereas critical OER was significantly lower in the KH than in the KL group. Moreover, the effects of anesthetic agents on critical Do2 appeared related to their effects on systemic vascular resistance. Anesthetic agents therefore alter O2 extraction by their peripheral vascular effects. However, ketamine, with its unique sympathetic stimulant properties, had a lesser effect

  17. Statistical mechanics of socio-economic systems with heterogeneous agents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We review the statistical mechanics approach to the study of the emerging collective behaviour of systems of heterogeneous interacting agents. The general framework is presented through examples in such contexts as ecosystem dynamics and traffic modelling. We then focus on the analysis of the optimal properties of large random resource-allocation problems and on Minority Games and related models of speculative trading in financial markets, discussing a number of extensions including multi-asset models, majority games and models with asymmetric information. Finally, we summarize the main conclusions and outline the major open problems and limitations of the approach. (topical review)

  18. Multi-Agent Competition Simulation of Integrated Transportation System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiashun Zhang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Transportation networks have been developed during the recent decades with the rapid growth of economy. At the same time, the conflicts between different transportation modes were getting more and more intense. To describe the competition relationship in integrated transportation system, a multi-agent competition model was presented. It is important to provide decision support for regulators to lead more reasonable distribution of resources for planning and operating the integrated transportation network. Thus, a simulation program was developed to implement the proposed model and provide computer-aid decision support. Finally, several experiments were conducted to illustrate the effectiveness of this technique.

  19. Innovating Multi-agent Systems Applied to Smart City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michela Longo

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The aim of study is to talk about a generic model of Smart City with a multi-agents system and the aspects correlated to Internet. Smart cities are made by a high level of Information and Communication Technology (ICT structures able to transmit energy, information flows multidirectional and connect a different sector that include mobility, energy, social, economy. These components are very important to offer intelligence in a city, as basic infrastructure for a definition of a model repeatable and exportable, as well as supported by the European Community, that is allocating considerable funds (Horizon 2020 for the creation of Smart City.

  20. Statistical mechanics of socio-economic systems with heterogeneous agents

    CERN Document Server

    De Martino, A; Martino, Andrea De; Marsili, Matteo

    2006-01-01

    We review the statistical mechanics approach to the study of the emerging collective behavior of systems of heterogeneous interacting agents. The general framework is presented through examples is such contexts as ecosystem dynamics and traffic modeling. We then focus on the analysis of the optimal properties of large random resource-allocation problems and on Minority Games and related models of speculative trading in financial markets, discussing a number of extensions including multi-asset models, Majority Games and models with asymmetric information. Finally, we summarize the main conclusions and outline the major open problems and limitations of the approach.

  1. System-Awareness for Agent-based Power System Control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heussen, Kai; Saleem, Arshad; Lind, Morten

    2010-01-01

    more decentralized openaccess collaboration control paradigm. This shift cannot happen at once, but must fit also with current operation principles. In order to establish a scalable and transparent system control architecture, organizing principles have to be identified that allow for a smooth...... transition. This paper presents a concept for the representation and organization of control- and resource-allocation, enabling computational reasoning and system awareness. The principles are discussed with respect to a recently proposed Subgrid operation concept....

  2. Structured System Test Suite Generation Process for Multi-Agent System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zina Houhamdi,

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, Agent-Oriented Software Engineering (AOSE methodologies are proposed to develop complex distributed systems based upon the agent paradigm. The implementation for suchsystems has usually the form of Multi-Agent Systems (MAS. MAS’ testing is a challenging task because these systems are often programmed to be autonomous and deliberative, and they operate in an open world, which requires context awareness. In this paper, we introduce a novel approach for goal-oriented software system testing. It specifies a testing process that complements the goal oriented methodology Tropos and reinforces the mutual relationship between goal analysis and testing. Furthermore, it defines a structured and comprehensive system test suite derivation process for engineering software agents by providing a systematic way of deriving test cases from goal analysis.

  3. Solución de un problema Job Shop con un agente inteligente Job Shop problem solution with an intelligent agent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omar Danilo Castrillón

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se define una nueva y efectiva metodología, basada en agentes inteligentes, para la secuenciación de la producción en ambientes Job Shop; especialmente, para pequeñas y medianas empresas del sector metalmecánico, donde estas técnicas no han sido muy empleadas; debido a la alta resistencia al cambio. Este trabajo se desarrolla en dos fases. En la primera, se definen las diferentes técnicas utilizadas. En la segunda, se ejecutan las pruebas estadísticas con el fin de determinar el porcentaje de aproximación de estas soluciones a la solución óptima o subóptima. El resultado de este trabajo muestra que las técnicas basadas en agentes inteligentes, no siempre producen un resultado óptimo; pero en unos pocos segundos, estas técnicas pueden encontrar una solución subóptima con una aproximación del 97,81% y 90,43% a la solución óptima o subóptima, en las variables tiempo total de proceso y tiempo total muerto, respectivamente. Esto contrasta con la poca efectividad encontrada en las técnicas tradicionales.In this paper, is defines a new and effective methodology based on intelligent agents for production sequencing Job Shop Environments; especially for small and medium enterprises in the metal mechanics sector, where these techniques have not been employed , due to the high resistance to change. This work is developed in two phases. In the first one, the different techniques used are defined. In the second step, statistical tests are executed in order to determine the approximation percentage solutions’ to the optimal or sub optimal solution. This work’s results show that the intelligent agents techniques don’t produce an optimal result every single time; but in few seconds, these techniques, can find sub optimal solutions with an approximation of 97.81% and 90.43%, to the optimal or sub optimal solution, in the variables total time process and total idle time, respectively. This contrasts with the

  4. STFTP: Secure TFTP Protocol for Embedded Multi-Agent Systems Communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ZAGAR, D.

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Today's embedded systems have evolved into multipurpose devices moving towards an embedded multi-agent system (MAS infrastructure. With the involvement of MAS in embedded systems, one remaining issues is establishing communication between agents in low computational power and low memory embedded systems without present Embedded Operating System (EOS. One solution is the extension of an outdated Trivial File Transfer Protocol (TFTP. The main advantage of using TFTP in embedded systems is the easy implementation. However, the problem at hand is the overall lack of security mechanisms in TFTP. This paper proposes an extension to the existing TFTP in a form of added security mechanisms: STFTP. The authentication is proposed using Digest Access Authentication process whereas the data encryption can be performed by various cryptographic algorithms. The proposal is experimentally tested using two embedded systems based on micro-controller architecture. Communication is analyzed for authentication, data rate and transfer time versus various data encryption ciphers and files sizes. STFTP results in an expected drop in performance, which is in the range of similar encryption algorithms. The system could be improved by using embedded systems of higher computational power or by the use of hardware encryption modules.

  5. AGENTS BASED ADAPTIVE HYPERMEDIA SYSTEM WITH THE COMPETENCY APPROACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Sergio Magdaleno-Palencia

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This work is motivated by the need to propose a model for the study of personalized hypermedia systems with a competency approach, which is one of United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO and General Administration of Higher Education Technology (DGEST recommendations. We use computer agents, to construct a student model with emphasis on his learning style, multiple intelligences and the competency evaluation to adapt the course material according to the student’s needs. The system will also use artificial intelligence techniques. The systems will be used at a university level; the primary goal is to help each student learn and thus reach a suitable competency level.

  6. Multi-agent cooperative systems applied to precision applications

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Regulatory agencies are imposing limits and constraints to protect the operator and/or the environment. While generally necessary, these controls also tend to increase cost and decrease efficiency and productivity. Intelligent computer systems can be made to perform these hazardous tasks with greater efficiency and precision without danger to the operators. The Idaho national Engineering and Environmental Laboratory and the Center for Self-Organizing and Intelligent Systems at Utah State University have developed a series of autonomous all-terrain multi-agent systems capable of performing automated tasks within hazardous environments. This paper discusses the development and application of cooperative small-scale and large-scale robots for use in various activities associated with radiologically contaminated areas, prescription farming, and unexploded ordinances

  7. Multi-Agent Design and Implementation for an Online Peer Help System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, Anbo

    2014-01-01

    With the rapid advance of e-learning, the online peer help is playing increasingly important role. This paper explores the application of MAS to an online peer help system (MAPS). In the design phase, the architecture of MAPS is proposed, which consists of a set of agents including the personal agent, the course agent, the diagnosis agent, the DF…

  8. A Mobile Agent-Based Prototype of Heterogeneous Distributed Virtual Environment Systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    Mobile agents provide a new method for the distributed computation. This paper presents the advantages of using mobile agents in a distributed virtual environment (DVE) sys tem, and describes the architecture of heterogeneous computer's distributed virtual environment system (HCNVES) designed to populate some mobile agents as well as stationary agents. Finally, the paper introduces how heterogeneous computer network communication is to be realized.

  9. RESEARCH ON CAPP/SCHEDULING INTEGRATION MULTI-AGENT SYSTEM MODEL AND IMPLEMENTATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Yunli; Xiao Tianyuan; Duan Guanghong; Wang Xiankui

    2003-01-01

    A design methodology for multi-agent systems is proposed. The systemic framework of CAPP and scheduling integrated multi-agent system according to design methodology is researched.Agent model, composition model and cooperation model are discussed respectively in the multi-agent system. Static composition model and dynamic running model of CAPP and scheduling integrated system are presented in composition model. Communication model, language model and protocol model are discussed in corporation model. CSIMAS, CAPP and scheduling integrated multi-agent prototype system, is developed to illuminate system model. Multiple non-rotational parts are tested in distributed process planning and scheduling environment of CSIMAS.

  10. Intelligent Multi-Agent Fuzzy Control System Under Uncertainty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben Khayut

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The traditional control systems are a set of hardware and software infrastructure domain and qualified personnel to facilitate the functions of analysis, planning, decision-making, management and coordination of business processes. Human interaction with the components of these systems is done using a specified in advance script dialogue "menu", mainly based on human intellect and unproductive use of navigation. This approach doesn't lead to making qualitative decision and effective control, where the situations and processes cannot be structured in advance. Any dynamic changes in the controlled business process make it necessary to modify the script dialogue. This circumstance leads to a redesign of the components of the entire control system. In the autonomous Fuzzy Control System, where the situations are unknown in advance, fuzzy structured and artificial intelligence is crucial, the redesign described above is impossible. To solve this problem, we propose the data, information and knowledge based technology of creation Situational, Intelligent Multi-agent Control System, which interacts with users and/ or agent systems in natural and other languages, utilizing the principles of Situational Control and Fuzzy Logic theories, Artificial Intelligence, Linguistics, Knowledge Base technologies and others. The proposed technology is defined by a methods of situational fuzzy control of data, information and knowledge, b modelling of fuzzy logic inference, c generalization and explanation of knowledge, d fuzzy dialogue control, e machine translation, f fuzzy decision-making, g planning and h fuzzy control of organizational unit in real-time under uncertainty, fuzzy conditions, heterogeneous domains, multi-lingual communication in Fuzzy Environment.

  11. On soliton solutions of the Wu-Zhang system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inc Mustafa

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the extended tanh and hirota methods are used to construct soliton solutions for the WuZhang (WZ system. Singular solitary wave, periodic and multi soliton solutions of the WZ system are obtained.

  12. Multiple-Agent Air/Ground Autonomous Exploration Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fink, Wolfgang; Chao, Tien-Hsin; Tarbell, Mark; Dohm, James M.

    2007-01-01

    Autonomous systems of multiple-agent air/ground robotic units for exploration of the surfaces of remote planets are undergoing development. Modified versions of these systems could be used on Earth to perform tasks in environments dangerous or inaccessible to humans: examples of tasks could include scientific exploration of remote regions of Antarctica, removal of land mines, cleanup of hazardous chemicals, and military reconnaissance. A basic system according to this concept (see figure) would include a unit, suspended by a balloon or a blimp, that would be in radio communication with multiple robotic ground vehicles (rovers) equipped with video cameras and possibly other sensors for scientific exploration. The airborne unit would be free-floating, controlled by thrusters, or tethered either to one of the rovers or to a stationary object in or on the ground. Each rover would contain a semi-autonomous control system for maneuvering and would function under the supervision of a control system in the airborne unit. The rover maneuvering control system would utilize imagery from the onboard camera to navigate around obstacles. Avoidance of obstacles would also be aided by readout from an onboard (e.g., ultrasonic) sensor. Together, the rover and airborne control systems would constitute an overarching closed-loop control system to coordinate scientific exploration by the rovers.

  13. Multi-Agent System Based Special Protection and Emergency Control Scheme against Cascading Events in Power System

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liu, Zhou

    on sensitivity analysis and the extent of specific emergency states. At the same time, load restoration dynamics is taken into account to compensate sensitivity calculation and correct the control algorithm. Such control methods provides a direct and simple way from problems to solutions, which is......, according to the variations of power system operation, an overload prediction algorithm based on impedance sensitivity is proposed here to distinguish the emergency states from a remote fault. These methods combined together, which can give a fast identification of the emergency states and a clear mapping...... suitable for real time implementation. On the other hand, with the aim of executing the control methods timely and implementing the whole protection strategy suitably, multi-agent system (MAS) with hierarchical structure is designed here. The distributed relays and controllers, which work as device agents...

  14. Development of the infrastructure for a multi-agent traffic management system simulation

    OpenAIRE

    Adova, Eleonora Vasileva

    2015-01-01

    This document contains detailed description of the design and the implementation of a multi-agent application controlling traffic lights in a city together with a system for simulating traffic and testing. The goal of this thesis is to design and build a simplified intelligent and distributed solution to the problem with the traffic in the big cities following different good practices in order to allow future refining of the model of the real world. The problem of the traffic in the big ci...

  15. Challenges and Solutions for Clinical Development of New Antibacterial Agents: Results of a Survey among Pharmaceutical Industry Professionals

    OpenAIRE

    Bettiol, Esther; Wetherington, Jeffrey D.; Schmitt, Nicola; Harbarth, Stephan

    2015-01-01

    As the number of antibacterial medicines in the pipeline remains low, we anonymously surveyed pharmaceutical industry professionals on challenges and solutions for clinical development of these agents. Challenges were reported primarily as financial and regulatory. For multidrug-resistant organisms, there are needs for rapid diagnostic tests, new regulatory guidance, and adaptation of endpoints/trial designs. Regulators and public/private initiatives are addressing these challenges to help en...

  16. Interaction of cyanocobalamin with sulfur-containing reducing agents in aqueous solutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salnikov, D. S.; Dereven'kov, I. A.; Artyushina, E. N.; Makarov, S. V.

    2013-01-01

    The kinetics and mechanism of cyanocobalamin reduction by sodium hydroxymethanesulfinate and dithionite in alkaline media are studied. It is established that the character of the rate-determining step depends on the concentration of the reducing agents: when they are in excess, it is a step of elimination of cyanocobalamin, at lower concentrations of reducing agents a rate-determining is a step of their addition to cobalamin.

  17. Application of poly (ethyleneimine) solution as a binding agent in DGT technique for measurement of heavy metals in water.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sui, Dian-Peng; Fan, Hong-Tao; Li, Jing; Li, You; Li, Qiong; Sun, Ting

    2013-09-30

    A 0.050 mol L(-1) solution of poly (ethyleneimine) (PEI), had been used as a novel binding agent of diffusive gradients in thin-films (DGT) technique (PEI-DGT) for measuring the concentrations of labile Cu(2+), Cd(2+) and Pb(2+) in waters. The binding capacities of the PEI-DGT for Cu(2+), Cd(2+) and Pb(2+) were 11.8, 10.2 and 10.6 μmol L(-1), respectively. The performance of PEI-DGT was independence of pH in the range of 4-8 and ionic strength in the range from 1×10(-4) to 0.1 mol L(-1) (as NaNO3). PEI-DGT could measure 104.7±5.2% of the total concentration of Cd(2+) (0.500 mg L(-1)), 95.2±4.3% of the total Cu(2+) (0.500 mg L(-1)) and 99.2±3.4% of the total Pb(2+) (0.500 mg L(-1)) in synthetic solution. Effects of the ligands on the measurement of labile metals were also investigated in synthetic solutions containing the various concentrations of EDTA and humic acid. In EDTA solution, the concentrations of labile metals measured by PEI-DGT showed good agreement with the theoretical concentrations of free metal ions. In humic acid solution, the concentrations of labile metals measured by PEI-DGT decreased with the increase of the concentrations of humic acid. Several DGT devices with various binding agents, including PEI, sodium polyacrylate and poly(4-styrenesulfonate) solution, were used for the measurement of labile fractions of Cu(2+), Cd(2+) and Pb(2+) in the spiked waters and in mine wastewaters. The results showed that the concentrations of labile metal measured by DGT devices with different binding agents could be significantly different, indicating that the labile fractions of metals were dependent on the binding strength of the binding agents with metals. By choosing binding agents, the useful information on the speciation and bioavailability of the analytes can be provided. PMID:23953471

  18. Floating bioadhesive drug delivery system using novel effervescent agents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belgamwar V

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Oral sustained release gastroretentive dosage forms offer many advantages for drugs having absorption from the upper gastrointestinal tract and improve the bioavailability of medications that are characterized by the narrow absorption window. A new gastroretentive sustained release delivery system using the novel effervescent system was developed with floating, swellable, and bioadhesive properties. Various release retarding polymers like psyllium husk, HPMC K15M, and a swelling agent crosspovidone in different combinations were tried and optimized to get the release profile for 12hours. The formulations were evaluated for physicochemical characteristics, in vitro drug release profile, swelling characteristics, floating capacity, and in vitro bioadhesive property. i0 n vitro drug release followed the Higuchi kinetics and the release mechanism was found to be of a non-Fickian type. The swelling properties were increased with increasing crosspovidone concentration and contributed to the drug release from the tablet matrix. In this study, an attempt has been made to explore novel effervescent agents such as citroglycine and disodium glycine carbonate for achieving the desired floating time.

  19. Deployment of secure mobile agents for medical information systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Tzer-Long; Chung, Yu-Fang; Lin, Frank Y S

    2012-08-01

    Changes in global population and demography, and advances in medicine have led to elderly population growth, creating aging societies from which elderly medical care has evolved. In addition, with the elderly susceptible to chronic diseases, this together with the changing lifestyles of young adults have not only pushed up patient numbers of chronic diseases, but also effected into younger patients. These problems have become the major focus for the health care industry. In response to patient demand and the huge shortage of medical resources, we propose remote healthcare medical information systems that combine patient physiological data acquisition equipment with real-time health care analyses. Since remote health care systems are structured around the Internet, in addition to considering the numerous public systems spread across insecure heterogeneous networks, compatibility among heterogeneous networks will also be another concern. To address the aforementioned issues, mobile agents are adopted. With a mobile agent's characteristics of easy adaptability to heterogeneity and autonomy, the problem of heterogeneous network environments can be tackled. To construct a hierarchical safe access control mechanism for monitoring and control of patient data in order to provide the most appropriate medical treatment, we also propose to use the Chinese Remainder Theorem and discrete logarithm to classify different levels of monitoring staff and hence, to grant permission and access according to their authorized levels. We expect the methods proposed can improve medical care quality and reduce medical resource wastage, while ensuring patient privacy. Finally, security analysis of the system is conducted by simulating a variety of typical attacks, from which it can be concluded that the constructed remote healthcare information system be secure. PMID:21526332

  20. Agricultural Supply Chain Traceability System Based on Multi-Agent System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    In order to overcome defects in existing ASCTS(Agricultural Supply Chain Traceability System,a new traceability system based on Multi-Agent System(MAS) is put forward.By qualitative method,I analyze problems of application of Agent technology in tracing quality of agricultural products.Physical model is built for this system and structure of traceability system is determined.Finally,algorithm is presented for major entities.From analysis of algorithm,it is proved that this system has some reference value in improving breadth and depth of product traceability.

  1. Traveling Wave Solutions for Integro-Difference Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Lin, Guo

    2013-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the traveling wave solutions for integro-difference systems of higher order. By using Schauder fixed point theorem, the existence of traveling wave solutions is reduced to the existence of generalized upper and lower solutions. Then the asymptotic behavior of traveling wave solutions is studied by the idea of contracting rectangles. To illustrate our results, the traveling wave solutions of three systems are considered, which completes some known results.

  2. Existence of periodic solutions of impulsive differential systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. H. Erbe

    1991-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, the existence of periodic solutions of impulsive differential systems is considered. Since the solutions of such a system are peicewise continuous, it is necessary to introduce piecewise continuous Lyapunov functions. By means of such functions, together with the comparison principle, some sufficient conditions for the existence of periodic solutions of impulsive differential systems are established.

  3. Exposure of ventilation system cleaning workers to harmful microbiological agents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Małgorzata Gołofit-Szymczak

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Regular inspection of the cleanliness of the ventilation systems, as well as their periodic cleaning and disinfection, if necessary, are the main factors of the proper maintenance of each system. Performing maintenance operations on the ventilation system, workers are exposed to risk associated with the exposure to harmful biological agents. The aim of this study was to assess the employees' exposure to bioaerosols during maintenance work on ventilation systems. Material and Methods: Bioaerosol measurements were carried out using a button sampler. The microbial particles were collected on gelatin filters. Settled-dust samples from the inner surface of the air ducts and filter-mat samples were selected for the microbiological analysis. In the collected air, dust and filter samples the concentration of bacteria and fungi were determined. Results: Bacteria and fungi concentrations ranged between 3.6×102-2.2×104 CFU/m3 and 4.7×102-4.5×103 CFU/m3 at workplaces where the operations connected with mechanical ventilation cleaning were performed and 2.2×104-1.2×105 CFU/m3 and 9.8×101-2.5×102 CFU/m3 at workplaces where filter exchange was performed, respectively. The qualitative analysis of microorganisms isolated from the air in all studied workplaces revealed that the most prevalent bacteria belonged to Bacillus genus. The average concentrations of bacteria and fungi in filter-mat samples were 3.3×103 CFU/cm2 and 1.4×104 CFU/cm2, respectively. In settled-dust samples, average concentrations were 591 CFU/100 cm2 and 52 CFU/100 cm2, for bacteria and fungi respectively. Conclusions: Workers cleaning ventilation systems are exposed to harmful biological agents classified into risk groups, 1 and 2, according to their level of the risk of infection. The research conducted in the workplace can be the basis of risk assessment related to exposure to harmful biological agents during maintenance work in ventilation. Med Pr 2013;64(5:613–623

  4. Multi-Agent and Service Oriented Architectures for Intelligent Tutoring System Development

    OpenAIRE

    Lavendelis, E; Bicāns, J

    2011-01-01

    Traditional modular architecture of Intelligent Tutoring Systems (ITSs) does not provide sufficient modularity of complex ITSs. Distributed technologies like services and agents are used to increase modularity of ITSs by implementing traditional modules as sets of services or agents. The paper describes holonic agent architecture that implements each module as one or more holonic agents. It uses the lessons learned from the multi-agent architecture to propose service oriented ITS architecture.

  5. MonALISA: An agent based, dynamic service system to monitor, control and optimize distributed systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legrand, I.; Newman, H.; Voicu, R.; Cirstoiu, C.; Grigoras, C.; Dobre, C.; Muraru, A.; Costan, A.; Dediu, M.; Stratan, C.

    2009-12-01

    distributed computing clusters and grids, the network infrastructure, the storage systems, and the applications used on such facilities. The monitoring information gathered is used for developing the required higher level services, the components that provide decision support and some degree of automated decisions and for maintaining and optimizing workflow in large scale distributed systems. Solution method: The MonALISA framework is designed as an ensemble of autonomous self-describing agent-based subsystems which are registered as dynamic services. These services are able to collaborate and cooperate in performing a wide range of distributed information-gathering and processing tasks. Running time: MonALISA services are designed to run continuously to collect monitoring data and to trigger alarms or to take automatic actions in case it is necessary. References:http://monalisa.caltech.edu.

  6. A Comparative Study of Probability Collectives Based Multi-agent Systems and Genetic Algorithms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Chien-Feng; Wolpert, David H.; Bieniawski, Stefan; Strauss, Charles E. M.

    2005-01-01

    We compare Genetic Algorithms (GA's) with Probability Collectives (PC), a new framework for distributed optimization and control. In contrast to GA's, PC-based methods do not update populations of solutions. Instead they update an explicitly parameterized probability distribution p over the space of solutions. That updating of p arises as the optimization of a functional of p. The functional is chosen so that any p that optimizes it should be p peaked about good solutions. The PC approach works in both continuous and discrete problems. It does not suffer from the resolution limitation of the finite bit length encoding of parameters into GA alleles. It also has deep connections with both game theory and statistical physics. We review the PC approach using its motivation as the information theoretic formulation of bounded rationality for multi-agent systems. It is then compared with GA's on a diverse set of problems. To handle high dimensional surfaces, in the PC method investigated here p is restricted to a product distribution. Each distribution in that product is controlled by a separate agent. The test functions were selected for their difficulty using either traditional gradient descent or genetic algorithms. On those functions the PC-based approach significantly outperforms traditional GA's in both rate of descent, trapping in false minima, and long term optimization.

  7. JOHNSTON ATOLL CHEMICAL AGENT DISPOSAL SYSTEM (JACADS) CLOSURE PLAN DEVELOPMENT

    Science.gov (United States)

    The JACADS project consists of four incinerators including a liquid chemical agent waste processor, an explosives treatment incinerator and a batch metal parts treatment unit. Its mission was to disassemble and destroy chemcial weapons and bulk chemical agent. This prototypical...

  8. A Hybrid System based on Multi-Agent System in the Data Preprocessing Stage

    CERN Document Server

    Kularbphettong, Kobkul; Meesad, Phayung

    2010-01-01

    We describe the usage of the Multi-agent system in the data preprocessing stage of an on-going project, called e-Wedding. The aim of this project is to utilize MAS and various approaches, like Web services, Ontology, and Data mining techniques, in e-Business that want to improve responsiveness and efficiency of systems so as to extract customer behavior model on Wedding Businesses. However, in this paper, we propose and implement the multi-agent-system, based on JADE, to only cope data preprocessing stage specified on handle with missing value techniques. JADE is quite easy to learn and use. Moreover, it supports many agent approaches such as agent communication, protocol, behavior and ontology. This framework has been experimented and evaluated in the realization of a simple, but realistic. The results, though still preliminary, are quite.

  9. Counter-proposal: A Multi-Agent Negotiation Protocol for Resolving Resource Contention in Open Control Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Jan Corfixen; Jørgensen, Bo Nørregaard

    The resource contention problem in control systems based on software agents occurs when agents with different goals compete with each other, to control a shared resource. In this paper we propose the counter-proposal protocol, a negotiation protocol that resolves the resource contention problem in...... control systems based on software agents. The protocol is evaluated by an example of a real control problem. The evaluation of the example demonstrates that the protocol is able to find acceptable solutions between competing software agents, if they exist. The focus of this paper is to present the design...

  10. The potential for solubilizing agents to enhance the remediation of hydrophobic organic solutes in soil-water suspensions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper discusses the feasibility for use of surfactant solubilizing agents to enhance the solubility and the rate of microbial degradation of hydrophobic organic solutes in soil-water suspensions. Hydrophobic organic contaminants are strongly sorbed to soil or sediment material, and as a consequence the rate of microbial degradation may depend greatly on the desorption of the sorbed-phase contaminant and the accessibility of the contaminant to soil microorganisms. Chemical solubilizing agents may enhance the rate of hydrophobic organic solute degradation by increasing the rate of solute desorption from soil and the extent of solute partitioning to the aqueous phase. The presentation will review on-going research on: (1) surfactant solubilization of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) compounds in clean water, and in soil-water suspensions; and (2) experiments to assess if the addition of surfactant to soil-water suspension results in faster rate of mineralization of PAH compounds in soil. The presentation explains the methodology employed to select various surfactants for use in the experiments. Experimental results presented show the equilibrium partitioning of phenanthrene, aanthracene and pyrene in soil-water suspensions. A preliminary model is shown which describes some of the features of the solubilization process. Currently work is in progress to evaluate the rate of evolution of 14CO2 from soil-water suspensions using 14C-labeled phenanthrene and surfactants. The tests are being performed with acclimaated PAH-degrading organisms. The experimental protocols for this work will be reviewed

  11. RELIABILITY ANALYSIS OF RING, AGENT AND CLUSTER BASED DISTRIBUTED SYSTEMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.SEETHALAKSHMI

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The introduction of pervasive devices and mobile devices has led to immense growth of real time distributed processing. In such context reliability of the computing environment is very important. Reliability is the probability that the devices, links, processes, programs and files work efficiently for the specified period of time and in the specified condition. Distributed systems are available as conventional ring networks, clusters and agent based systems. Reliability of such systems is focused. These networks are heterogeneous and scalable in nature. There are several factors, which are to be considered for reliability estimation. These include the application related factors like algorithms, data-set sizes, memory usage pattern, input-output, communication patterns, task granularity and load-balancing. It also includes the hardware related factors like processor architecture, memory hierarchy, input-output configuration and network. The software related factors concerning reliability are operating systems, compiler, communication protocols, libraries and preprocessor performance. In estimating the reliability of a system, the performance estimation is an important aspect. Reliability analysis is approached using probability.

  12. Pattern-oriented modeling of agent-based complex systems: lessons from ecology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grimm, V.; Revilla, E.; Berger, U.; Jeltsch, F.; Mooij, W.M.; Railsback, S.F.; Thulke, H-H.; Weiner, J.; Wiegand, T.; DeAngelis, D.L.

    2005-01-01

    Agent-based complex systems are dynamic networks of many interacting agents; examples include ecosystems, financial markets, and cities. The search for general principles underlying the internal organization of such systems often uses bottom-up simulation models such as cellular automata and agent-b

  13. Rational homoclinic solution and rogue wave solution for the coupled long-wave–short-wave system

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Chen Wei; Chen Hanlin; Dai Zhengde

    2016-03-01

    In this paper, a rational homoclinic solution is obtained via the classical homoclinicsolution for the coupled long-wave–short-wave system. Based on the structures of ratinal homoclinic solution, the characteristics of homoclinic solution are discussed which might provide us with useful information on the dynamics of the relevant physical fields.

  14. Genetically engineered biological agents in therapy for systemic lupus erythematosus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Aleksandrovna Aseeva

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE is a prototype for chronic autoimmune disease. Its prevalence is 20 to 70 cases per 100,000 women and varies by race and ethnicity. Despite considerable progress in traditional therapy, many problems associated with the management of these patients need to be immediately solved: thus, 50-80% are found to have activity signs and/or frequent exacerbations and about 30% of the patients have to stop work; Class IV lupus nephritis increases the risk of terminalrenal failure. In the past 20 years great progress has been made in studying the pathogenesis of SLE: biological targets to affect drugs have been sought and fundamentally new therapeutic goals defined. Belimumab is the first genetically biological agent specially designed to treat SLE, which is rightly regarded as one of the most important achievements of rheumatology in the past 50 years.

  15. Genetically engineered biological agents in therapy for systemic lupus erythematosus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Aleksandrovna Aseeva

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE is a prototype for chronic autoimmune disease. Its prevalence is 20 to 70 cases per 100,000 women and varies by race and ethnicity. Despite considerable progress in traditional therapy, many problems associated with the management of these patients need to be immediately solved: thus, 50-80% are found to have activity signs and/or frequent exacerbations and about 30% of the patients have to stop work; Class IV lupus nephritis increases the risk of terminalrenal failure. In the past 20 years great progress has been made in studying the pathogenesis of SLE: biological targets to affect drugs have been sought and fundamentally new therapeutic goals defined. Belimumab is the first genetically biological agent specially designed to treat SLE, which is rightly regarded as one of the most important achievements of rheumatology in the past 50 years.

  16. Lixiviation of plutonium contaminated solid wastes by aqueous solution of electro-generated reducing agents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study concerns the development of the new concept for the decontamination of plutonium bearing solid wastes, based on the lixiviation of the wastes using electro-generated reducing agents. First, a comparative study of the kinetics of the dissolution of pure PuO2 (prepared by calcination of Pu (IV) oxalate at 450 C) in sulfuric acid media, with different reducing agents, was realized. Qualitatively these reagents can be sorted in three groups: 1 / fast kinetics for Cr(II), V(II) and U(III); 2 / slow kinetics for Ti(III); 3 / very slow kinetics for V(III) and U(VI). In order to contribute to the design of an electrochemical reactor for the generation of the reducing agents usable for the lixiviation of plutonium bearing solid wastes, the study of the diffusion coefficients of both oxidized and reduced forms of different redox couples, at different temperatures, was undertaken. The results of this study also permits, from the knowledge of the diffusional activation energy of the ions, to conclude that the dissolution of pure plutonium dioxide under the action of these reducing agents is not diffusion limited. The feasibility of the plutonium decontamination treatment of synthetic or real solid wastes was then studied at laboratory scale using electro-generated V(II), which is with Cr(II) among the best reagents. The efficiency of the treatment was good, (80 pc Pu solubilisation yield), especially in the case of cellulosic or miscellaneous organic wastes. (author)

  17. The concept of intermodal network development in Poland using multi-agent systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leszek MINDUR

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The market share and the development of intermodal haulages, they are still at a very low level. It amounts in total goods transported by rail to 2,5% - 3%. The major reason for this situation is lack of coherent method for intermodal network designing. Such method should take into consideration strong relations between transport users, transport service providers, so the micro scale, as well as the regions where they are operating, so the meta scale.The aim of this paper is to present method which makes possible elimination of existing barriers in intermodal transport. The proposed method, for the sake of relations between actors involved in intermodal transport organisation, refers to multi-agent system concept. This system assumes coordinated actions in favour of concrete problem solution with support of cooperating agents, that is, in described paper, actors connected with intermodal transport.Paper presents results of the research project N509 398536, called: „Intermodal logistics network in Poland – concept of model solutions and implementation aspects” carried out by the Institute of Logistics and Warehousing under scientific leadership of professor Leszek Mindur.

  18. iMuseumA: An Agent-Based Context-Aware Intelligent Museum System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inmaculada Ayala

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Currently, museums provide their visitors with interactive tour guide applications that can be installed in mobile devices and provide timely tailor-made multimedia information about exhibits on display. In this paper, we argue that mobile devices not only could provide help to visitors, but also to museum staff. Our goal is to integrate, within the same system, multimedia tour guides with the management facilities required by museums. In this paper, we present iMuseumA (intelligent museum with agents, a mobile-based solution to customize visits and perform context-aware management tasks. iMuseumA follows an agent-based approach, which makes it possible to interact easily with the museum environment and make decisions based on its current status. This system is currently deployed in the Museum of Informatics at the Informatics School of the University of Málaga, and its main contributions are: (i a mobile application that provides management facilities to museum staff by means of sensing and processing environmental data; (ii providing an integrated solution for visitors, tour guides and museum staff that allows coordination and communication enrichment among different groups of users; (iii using and benefiting from group communication for heterogeneous groups of users that can be created on demand.

  19. The solution for RPR over MSTP system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tao, Zhiyong; Yang, JiuMin; Liu, Guohui

    2004-04-01

    The rapid development of the data service has brought great challenge to the traditional telecommunication network. The integrated broadband MAN with large information capability, high subscriber density and multiple sorts of services, is becoming the hot point and competitive focus of the telecommunication field. Resilient packet ring (RPR) is a new metropolitan area network (MAN) technology supporting data transfer among stations interconnected in a dual-ring configuration. Key features of RPR include: Low-delay guaranteed rate, bounded delay committed rate, and best effort service classes; 50 millisecond service restoration following a single station or link failure; Ring capacity reuse downstream of unicast destination (spatial reuse); Weighted fair access to available ring capacity; Point-of-congestion aware flow control (allowing per destination queuing in client). But RPR is belong to layer 2 technology. SDH have already become the dominant optical transport network technology, and it is considered to be one of foundation for the physical layer of the broadband IP network. But SDH is taken as a voice-fit technology. This paper fully make use of RPR & SDH advantages to provide The integrated broadband MAN solution, this is the RPR over MSTP System. The architecture of RPR over MSTP and key technologies of realization of RPR over MSTP node is provided. The main technical specification of RPR over MSTP node is also provided.

  20. Distributed Cooperative Control of Nonlinear and Non-identical Multi-agent Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bidram, Ali; Lewis, Frank; Davoudi, Ali; Guerrero, Josep M.

    This paper exploits input-output feedback linearization technique to implement distributed cooperative control of multi-agent systems with nonlinear and non-identical dynamics. Feedback linearization transforms the synchronization problem for a nonlinear and heterogeneous multi-agent system to the...... synchronization problem for an identical linear multi-agent system. The controller for each agent is designed to be fully distributed, such that each agent only requires its own information and the information of its neighbors. The proposed control method is exploited to implement the secondary voltage control...... for electric power microgrids. The effectiveness of the proposed control is verified by simulating a microgrid test system....

  1. An Adaptive Security Model for Multi-agent Systems and Application to a Clinical Trials Environment

    OpenAIRE

    Xiao, Liang; Peet, Andrew; Lewis, Paul; Dashmapatra, Srinandan; Sáez, Carlos; Croitoru, Madalina; de Vicente, Javier; Gonzalez-Velez, Horacio; Lluch i Ariet, Magí

    2007-01-01

    We present in this paper an adaptive security model for Multi-agent systems. A security meta-model has been developed in which the traditional role concept has been extended. The new concept incorporates the need of both security management as used by role-based access control (RBAC) and agent functional behaviour in agent-oriented Software Engineering (AOSE). Our approach avoids weaknesses of traditional RBAC approaches and provides a practically usable security model for Multi-agent Systems...

  2. NONTRIVIAL EQUILIBRIUM SOLUTIONS FOR A SEMILINEAR REACTION-DIFFUSION SYSTEM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾永耕; 孙文俊

    2004-01-01

    By the degree theory on positive cone together with the technique of a priori estimate, the nontrivial equilibrium solutions of a strong nonlinearity and weak coupling reaction diffusion system and the structure of the equilibrium solutions are discussed.

  3. Periodic solutions of periodically harvested lotka-volterra systems

    OpenAIRE

    Hausrath, Alan R.; Manasevich, Raul F.

    2012-01-01

    We study a Lotka-Volterra system with periodic harvesting, find sufficient conditions for the existence of periodic solutions with the same period, and, under certain conditions, count the number of such periodic solutions.

  4. Exact and almost exact solution to Vlasov-Maxwell system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Exact and almost exact solutions to the Vlasov-Maxwell systems describing a variety of plasma configurations with density, temperature and current gradients, are presented. Possible consequences of these solutions are also discussed. 6 refs., 8 figs

  5. Model Checking Degrees of Belief in a System of Agents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raimondi, Franco; Primero, Giuseppe; Rungta, Neha

    2014-01-01

    Reasoning about degrees of belief has been investigated in the past by a number of authors and has a number of practical applications in real life. In this paper we present a unified framework to model and verify degrees of belief in a system of agents. In particular, we describe an extension of the temporal-epistemic logic CTLK and we introduce a semantics based on interpreted systems for this extension. In this way, degrees of beliefs do not need to be provided externally, but can be derived automatically from the possible executions of the system, thereby providing a computationally grounded formalism. We leverage the semantics to (a) construct a model checking algorithm, (b) investigate its complexity, (c) provide a Java implementation of the model checking algorithm, and (d) evaluate our approach using the standard benchmark of the dining cryptographers. Finally, we provide a detailed case study: using our framework and our implementation, we assess and verify the situational awareness of the pilot of Air France 447 flying in off-nominal conditions.

  6. Langevin processes, agent models and socio-economic systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richmond, Peter; Sabatelli, Lorenzo

    2004-05-01

    We review some approaches to the understanding of fluctuations of financial asset prices. Our approach builds on the development of a simple Langevin equation that characterises stochastic processes. This provides a unifying approach that allows first a straightforward description of the early approaches of Bachelier. We generalize the approach to stochastic equations that model interacting agents. The agent models recently advocated by Marsilli and Solomon are motivated. Using a simple change of variable, we show that the peer pressure model of Marsilli and the wealth dynamics model of Solomon are essentially equivalent. The methods are further shown to be consistent with a global free energy functional that invokes an entropy term based on the Boltzmann formula. There follows a brief digression on the Heston model that extends the simple model to one that, in the language of physics, exhibits a temperature this is subject to stochastic fluctuations. Mathematically the model corresponds to a Feller process. Dragulescu and Yakovenko have shown how the model yields some of the stylised features of asset prices. A more recent approach by Michael and Johnson maximised a Tsallis entropy function subject to simple constraints. They obtain a distribution function for financial returns that exhibits power law tails and which can describe the distribution of returns not only over low but also high frequencies (minute by minute) data for the Dow Jones index. We show how this approach can be developed from an agent model, where the simple Langevin process is now conditioned by local rather than global noise. Such local noise may of course be the origin of speculative frenzy or herding in the market place. The approach yields a BBGKY type hierarchy of equations for the system correlation functions. Of especial interest is that the results can be obtained from a new free energy functional similar to that mentioned above except that a Tsallis like entropy term replaces the

  7. Consensus protocol for heterogeneous multi-agent systems: A Markov chain approach

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper deals with the consensus problem for heterogeneous multi-agent systems. Different from most existing consensus protocols, we consider the consensus seeking of two types of agents, namely, active agents and passive agents. The objective is to directly control the active agents such that the states of all the agents would achieve consensus. In order to obtain a computational approach, we subtly introduce an appropriate Markov chain to cast the heterogeneous systems into a unified framework. Such a framework is helpful for tackling the constraints from passive agents. Furthermore, a sufficient and necessary condition is established to guarantee the consensus in heterogeneous multi-agent systems. Finally, simulation results are provided to verify the theoretical analysis and the effectiveness of the proposed protocol. (interdisciplinary physics and related areas of science and technology)

  8. Suitability of Agent Technology for Military Command and Control in the Future Combat System Environment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Potok, TE

    2003-02-13

    The U.S. Army is faced with the challenge of dramatically improving its war fighting capability through advanced technologies. Any new technology must provide significant improvement over existing technologies, yet be reliable enough to provide a fielded system. The focus of this paper is to assess the novelty and maturity of agent technology for use in the Future Combat System (FCS). The FCS concept represents the U.S. Army's ''mounted'' form of the Objective Force. This concept of vehicles, communications, and weaponry is viewed as a ''system of systems'' which includes net-centric command and control (C{sup 2}) capabilities. This networked C{sup 2} is an important transformation from the historically centralized, or platform-based, C{sup 2} function since a centralized command architecture may become a decision-making and execution bottleneck, particularly as the pace of war accelerates. A mechanism to ensure an effective network-centric C{sup 2} capacity (combining intelligence gathering and analysis available at lower levels in the military hierarchy) is needed. Achieving a networked C{sup 2} capability will require breakthroughs in current software technology. Many have proposed the use of agent technology as a potential solution. Agents are an emerging technology, and it is not yet clear whether it is suitable for addressing the networked C{sup 2} challenge, particularly in satisfying battlespace scalability, mobility, and security expectations. We have developed a set of software requirements for FCS based on military requirements for this system. We have then evaluated these software requirements against current computer science technology. This analysis provides a set of limitations in the current technology when applied to the FCS challenge. Agent technology is compared against this set of limitations to provide a means of assessing the novelty of agent technology in an FCS environment. From this analysis we

  9. Solution mining dawsonite from hydrocarbon containing formations with a chelating agent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinegar, Harold J.

    2009-07-07

    A method for treating an oil shale formation comprising dawsonite includes providing heat from one or more heaters to the formation to heat the formation. Hydrocarbon fluids are produced from the formation. At least some dawsonite in the formation is decomposed with the provided heat. A chelating agent is provided to the formation to dissolve at least some dawsonite decomposition products. The dissolved dawsonite decomposition products are produced from the formation.

  10. Engineering hierarchical complex systems: an agent-based approach. The case of flexible manufacturing systems

    CERN Document Server

    Morvan, Gildas; Soyez, Jean-Baptiste; Merzouki, Rochdi; 10.1007/978-3-642-27449-7_4

    2012-01-01

    This article introduces a formal model to specify, model and validate hierarchical complex systems described at different levels of analysis. It relies on concepts that have been developed in the multi-agent-based simulation (MABS) literature: level, influence and reaction. One application of such model is the specification of hierarchical complex systems, in which decisional capacities are dynamically adapted at each level with respect to the emergences/constraints paradigm. In the conclusion, we discuss the main perspective of this work: the definition of a generic meta-model for holonic multi-agent systems (HMAS).

  11. Modelling of Multi-Agent Systems: Experiences with Membrane Computing and Future Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petros Kefalas

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Formal modelling of Multi-Agent Systems (MAS is a challenging task due to high complexity, interaction, parallelism and continuous change of roles and organisation between agents. In this paper we record our research experience on formal modelling of MAS. We review our research throughout the last decade, by describing the problems we have encountered and the decisions we have made towards resolving them and providing solutions. Much of this work involved membrane computing and classes of P Systems, such as Tissue and Population P Systems, targeted to the modelling of MAS whose dynamic structure is a prominent characteristic. More particularly, social insects (such as colonies of ants, bees, etc., biology inspired swarms and systems with emergent behaviour are indicative examples for which we developed formal MAS models. Here, we aim to review our work and disseminate our findings to fellow researchers who might face similar challenges and, furthermore, to discuss important issues for advancing research on the application of membrane computing in MAS modelling.

  12. TOWARDS AN ONTOLOGY-BASED MULTI-AGENT MEDICAL INFORMATION SYSTEM BASED ON THE WEB

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张全海; 施鹏飞

    2002-01-01

    This paper described an ontology-based multi-agent knowledge process made (MAKM) which is one of multi-agents systems (MAS) and uses semantic network to describe agents to help to locate relative agents distributed in the workgroup. In MAKM, an agent is the entity to implement the distributed task processing and to access the information or knowledge. Knowledge query manipulation language (KQML) is adapted to realize the communication among agents. So using the MAKM mode, different knowledge and information on the medical domain could be organized and utilized efficiently when a collaborative task is implemented on the web.

  13. Step-coordination Algorithm of Traffic Control Based on Multi-agent System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hai-Tao Zhang; Fang Yu; Wen Li

    2009-01-01

    Aiming at the deficiency of conventional traffic control method, this paper proposes a new method based on multi-agent technology for traffic control. Different from many existing methods, this paper distinguishes traffic control on the basis of the agent technology from conventional traffic control method. The composition and structure of a multi-agent system (MAS) is first discussed. Then, the step-coordination strategies of intersection-agent, segment-agent, and area-agent are put forward. The advantages of the algorithm are demonstrated by a simulation study.

  14. Students Performance Prediction System Using Multi Agent Data Mining Technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah AL-Malaise

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available A high prediction accuracy of the students’ performance is more helpful to identify the low performance students at the beginning of the learning process. Data mining is used to attain this objective. Data mining techniques are used to discover models or patterns of data, and it is much helpful in the decision-making. Boosting technique is the most popular techniques for constructing ensembles of classifier to improve the classification accuracy. Adaptive Boosting (AdaBoost is a generation of boosting algorithm. It is used for the binary classification and not applicable to multiclass classification directly. SAMME boosting technique extends AdaBoost to a multiclass classification without reduce it to a set of sub-binary classification. In this paper, students’ performance prediction system using Multi Agent Data Mining is proposed to predict the performance of the students based on their data with high prediction accuracy and provide help to the low students by optimization rules. The proposed system has been implemented and evaluated by investigate the prediction accuracy of Adaboost.M1 and LogitBoost ensemble classifiers methods and with C4.5 single classifier method. The results show that using SAMME Boosting technique improves the prediction accuracy and outperformed C4.5 single classifier and LogitBoost.

  15. The role of multivalent metal cations and organic complexing agents in bitumen-mineral interactions in aqueous solutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gan, Weibing

    A systematic investigation was carried out to study the interactions between bitumen (or hexadecane) and minerals (quartz, kaolinite and illite) in aqueous solutions containing multivalent metal cations Ca2+, Mg2+ and Fe2+/Fe3+, in the absence and presence of organic complexing agents (oxalic acid, EDTA and citric acid). A range of experimental techniques, including coagulation measurement, visualization of bitumen-mineral attachment, metal ion adsorption measurement, zeta potential measurement, Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopic analyses, were employed in the investigation. Free energy changes of adsorption of metal cations on the minerals and bitumen were evaluated using the James & Healy thermodynamic model. Total interaction energies between the minerals and bitumen were calculated using classical DLVO theory. It was observed that while the tested minerals showed varying degrees of mutual-coagulation with bitumen (or hexadecane), the presence of the multivalent metal cations could prominently increase the mutual coagulation. It was also found that such enhancement of the mutual coagulation was only significant when the metal cations formed first-order hydroxyl complexes (such as CaOH +, MgOH+, etc.) or metal hydroxides (such as Fe(OH) 3, Mg(OH)2, etc.). Therefore, the increase of the bitumen-mineral mutual coagulation by the metal cations was strongly pH dependent. Organic complexing agents (oxalic acid, citric acid and EDTA) used in this study, citric acid in particular, significantly reduced or virtually eliminated the mutual coagulation between bitumen (or hexadecane) and minerals caused by metal cations Ca2+, Mg2+, Fe 2+ and Fe3+. Due to its ability to substantially lower the mutual coagulation between bitumen and mineral particles, citric acid was found the most effective in improving bitumen-mineral liberation in solutions containing the multivalent metal cations at pH 8--10. In small scale flotation experiments

  16. EXPERT DISCOVERY AND KNOWLEDGE MINING IN COMPLEX MULTI-AGENT SYSTEMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Minjie ZHANG; Xijin TANG; Quan BAI; Jifa GU

    2007-01-01

    Complex problem solving requires diverse expertise and multiple techniques. In order to solve such problems, complex multi-agent systems that include both of human experts and autonomous agents are required in many application domains. Most complex multi-agent systems work in open domains and include various heterogeneous agents. Due to the heterogeneity of agents and dynamic features of working environments, expertise and capabilities of agents might not be well estimated and presented in these systems. Therefore, how to discover useful knowledge from human and autonomous experts,make more accurate estimation for experts' capabilities and find out suitable expert(s) to solve incoming problems ("Expert Mining") are important research issues in the area of multi-agent system.In this paper, we introduce an ontology-based approach for knowledge and expert mining in hybrid multi-agent systems. In this research, ontologies are hired to describe knowledge of the system.Knowledge and expert mining processes are executed as the system handles incoming problems. In this approach, we embed more self-learning and self-adjusting abilities in multi-agent systems, so as to help in discovering knowledge of heterogeneous experts of multi-agent systems.

  17. Avatars, Pedagogical Agents, and Virtual Environments: Social Learning Systems Online

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ausburn, Lynna J.; Martens, Jon; Dotterer, Gary; Calhoun, Pat

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents a review of literature that introduces major concepts and issues in using avatars and pedagogical agents in first- and second-person virtual environments (VEs) for learning online. In these VEs, avatars and pedagogical agents represent self and other learners/participants or serve as personal learning "guides". The…

  18. Collective coordination of multi-agent systems guided by multiple leaders

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hu Jiang-Ping; Yuan Hai-Wen

    2009-01-01

    A neighbour-based coordination scheme is proposed for a multi-agent system with multiple leaders. Under assumptions of the connectivity of the intereonnection topology and a simple first-order dynamics model for each mobile agent,the results show that all the agents will flock to the polytope region formed by the leaders.

  19. Turbidimetric determination of polyacrylamide in aqueous solutions with the use of oxidizing agents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Polyacrylamide is widely used in industry. For example, one of the methods for obtaining microspheres of metal oxides, particularly a mixed nuclear fuel, is based on a process involving the ammoniacal precipitation of hydroxides from aqueous solutions of metal nitrates in the presence of polyacrylamide (PAA), which promotes the formation of spheres in the initial stages of the process. Monitoring the industrial process, the course of the treatment of the production waste products, and the composition of the waste water calls for determination of the content of PAA in industrial solutions. The existing methods for determining PAA are based on its chemical properties, which are specified by the presence of amide groupings in its molecule. The use of the classical methods of analysis, which are based on the reactions of PAA with formaldehyde, sulfuric acid, etc. and the hydrolysis of PAA, do not provide reliable results, since PAA is partially or completely hydrolyzed in industrial solutions. In addition, industrial solutions contain various modifiers, including urea and urotropin, and the method of determining PAA from the amount of ammonia evolved is consequently unacceptable. Turbidimetric methods of analysis, in which the content of PAA is evaluated from the turbidity caused by the formation of suspension during hydrolysis or upon the introduction of NaClO4 or diisotubylphenoxyethoxyethyldimethylbenzyl chloride, are known. The purpose of the present work was to develop a simple quick method for determining polymers in solutions, including solutions from the production and treatment of nuclear fuel. The following reagents were proposed for the turbidimetric determination of PAA: cerium(IV) sulfate, potassium dichromate, and potassium permanganate. 5 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab

  20. Consensus pursuit of heterogeneous multi-agent systems under a directed acyclic graph

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan Jing; Guan Xin-Ping; Luo Xiao-Yuan

    2011-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the cooperative target pursuit problem by multiple agents based on directed acyclic graph. The target appears at a random location and moves only when sensed by the agents, and agents will pursue the target once they detect its existence. Since the ability of each agent may be different, we consider the heterogeneous multi-agent systems.According to the topology of the multi-agent systems, a novel consensus-based control law is proposed, where the target and agents are modeled as a leader and followers, respectively. Based on Mason's rule and signal flow graph analysis, the convergence conditions are provided to show that the agents can catch the target in a finite time. Finally, simulation studies are provided to verify the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

  1. Multi-agent System for Process Planning in Step-nc Based Manufacturing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Du

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available In order to realize STEP-NC-oriented computer numerical control machining and achieve optimal performance in manufacturing, a multi-agent system for process planning in STEP-NC based manufacturing was designed. By analyzing the characteristic of STEP-NC data model, a manufacturing feature-oriented process planning method was proposed in this study and the distributed artificial intelligence methods, namely collaborative multi-agent was employed to accomplish process planning of part. The proposed multi-agent system consists of three types of autonomous agents, which are global manager agents, planning agents and manufacturing resource agents, respectively. Process planning can be automatically completed by multiple agents’ cooperation. Each agent is capable of communicating to each other through improved Knowledge Query and Manipulation Language (KQML. At last, one test part was designed and simulated to demonstrate the capabilities of this research in the study.

  2. Traveling wave solutions for reaction-diffusion systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Michael; Lin, Zhigui; Tian, Canrong

    2010-01-01

    This paper is concerned with traveling waves of reaction–diffusion systems. The definition of coupled quasi-upper and quasi-lower solutions is introduced for systems with mixed quasimonotone functions, and the definition of ordered quasi-upper and quasi-lower solutions is also given for systems...

  3. A multi-agent-based, semantic-driven system for decision support in epidemic management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Sen; Mackaness, William A

    2015-09-01

    Issues in epidemiology are truly multidisciplinary, requiring knowledge from diverse disciplines such as sociology, medicine, biology, geography and information science. Such inherent complexity has led to a challenge in developing decision support systems for epidemic information management, especially when data are from heterogeneous origins. In order to achieve a solution, an integrative framework is proposed. The Semantic Web is introduced in the context of enriching meaningful and machine-readable descriptions of epidemiological data. Software agents are utilised to achieve automation in semantic discovery, composition of data and process services. The objective is to enhance the performance in information retrieval in a dynamic decision-making environment while concealing technical complexity from inexperienced users. We illustrate how a prototype system can be developed by considering an epidemiology management scenario in which spatio-temporal analysis is undertaken of a specified epidemic. PMID:24448277

  4. Analytic solutions of a class of nonlinearly dynamic systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, M-C [System Engineering Institute of Tianjin University, Tianjin, 300072 (China); Zhao, X-S; Liu, X [Tianjin University of Technology and Education, Tianjin, 300222 (China)], E-mail: mchwang123@163.com.cn, E-mail: xszhao@mail.nwpu.edu.cn, E-mail: liuxinhubei@163.com.cn

    2008-02-15

    In this paper, the homotopy perturbation method (HPM) is applied to solve a coupled system of two nonlinear differential with first-order similar model of Lotka-Volterra and a Bratus equation with a source term. The analytic approximate solutions are derived. Furthermore, the analytic approximate solutions obtained by the HPM with the exact solutions reveals that the present method works efficiently.

  5. Conflict Solution According to "Aggressiveness" of Agents in Floor-Field-Based Model

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hrabák, Pavel; Bukáček, M.

    Krakow: Czestochowa University of Technology, 2015. s. 50-50. [International Conference on Parallel Processing & Applied Mathematics 2015 /11./. 06.09.2015-09.09.2015, Krakow] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA13-13502S Institutional support: RVO:67985556 Keywords : Floor-Field model * conflict solution * aggresiveness Subject RIV: BB - Applied Statistics, Operational Research

  6. Conflict Solution According to "Aggressiveness" of Agents in Floor-Field-Based Model

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hrabák, Pavel; Bukáček, M.

    Springer International Publishing, 2016, s. 507-516. (9574). ISBN 978-3-319-32151-6 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA13-13502S Institutional support: RVO:67985556 Keywords : Floor * Field model * Conflict solution * Aggressiveness Subject RIV: BB - Applied Statistics, Operational Research http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2016/AS/hrabak-0458459.pdf

  7. Impulsive observer-based consensus control for multi-agent systems with time delay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qin, Wen; Liu, Zhongxin; Chen, Zengqiang

    2015-09-01

    The paper deals with the distributed consensus problem of a class of general linear multi-agent systems with time delay. Assuming that the state of the multi-agent system cannot be measured and the output of the multi-agent system is measured discontinuously, a novel impulsive observer is constructed. Based on the impulsive observer, a distributed consensus protocol is proposed for the multi-agent system with a directed communication topology. In view of the hybrid characteristic of the multi-agent system with the impulsive observer, a novel type of piecewise Lyapunov functional which can overcome the jump phenomena at impulsive times is introduced. Based on this, some sufficient conditions in terms of linear matrix inequalities are presented such that the consensus of the multi-agent system can be achieved with an exponential convergence rate. A numerical example under two cases is given to show the effectiveness of the theoretical results.

  8. Controllability of Discrete-Time Multi-Agent Systems with Multiple Leaders on Fixed Networks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper investigates controllability of discrete-time multi-agent systems with multiple leaders on fixed networks. The leaders are particular agents playing a part in external inputs to steer other member agents. The followers can arrive at any predetermined configuration by regulating the behaviors of the leaders. Some sufficient and necessary conditions are proposed for the controllability of discrete-time multi-agent systems with multiple leaders. Moreover, the case with isolated agents is discussed. Numerical examples and simulations are proposed to illustrate the theoretical results we established.

  9. Extensions to Dynamic System Simulation of Fissile Solution Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klein, Steven Karl [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Bernardin, John David [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Kimpland, Robert Herbert [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Spernjak, Dusan [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2015-08-24

    Previous reports have documented the results of applying dynamic system simulation (DSS) techniques to model a variety of fissile solution systems. The SUPO (Super Power) aqueous homogeneous reactor (AHR) was chosen as the benchmark for comparison of model results to experimental data for steadystate operation.1 Subsequently, DSS was applied to additional AHR to verify results obtained for SUPO and extend modeling to prompt critical excursions, ramp reactivity insertions of various magnitudes and rate, and boiling operations in SILENE and KEWB (Kinetic Experiment Water Boiler).2 Additional models for pressurized cores (HRE: Homogeneous Reactor Experiment), annular core geometries, and accelerator-driven subcritical systems (ADAHR) were developed and results reported.3 The focus of each of these models is core dynamics; neutron kinetics, thermal hydraulics, radiolytic gas generation and transport are coupled to examine the time-based evolution of these systems from start-up through transition to steady-state. A common characteristic of these models is the assumption that (a) core cooling system inlet temperature and flow and (b) plenum gas inlet pressure and flow are held constant; no external (to core) component operations that may result in dynamic change to these parameters are considered. This report discusses extension of models to include explicit reference to cooling structures and radiolytic gas handling. The accelerator-driven subcritical generic system model described in References 3 and 4 is used as a basis for this extension.

  10. Supply Chain Management System Model of Virtual Enterprises Based on Multi-Agent

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Zhen; ZHANG Pei-pei

    2008-01-01

    Based on the analysis of a virtual enterprise and the development of supply chain management, their integration is proposed. Then, the difference between multi-agent system modeling method and the traditional modeling method is analyzed, and a method based on Java agent framework for multi-agent systems(JAFMAS) is proposed. By using this method the virtual enterprise's supply chain management system model is established.

  11. Intermittent observer-based consensus control for multi-agent systems with switching topologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Xiaole; Gao, Lixin

    2016-06-01

    In this paper, we focus on the consensus problem for leaderless and leader-followers multi-agent systems with periodically intermittent control. The dynamics of each agent in the system is a linear system, and the interconnection topology among the agents is assumed to be switching. We assume that each agent can only share the outputs with its neighbours. Therefore, a class of distributed intermittent observer-based consensus protocols are proposed for each agent. First, in order to solve this problem, a parameter-dependent common Lyapunov function is constructed. Using this function, we prove that all agents can access a prescribed value, under the designed intermittent controller and observer, if there are suitable conditions on communication. Second, based on the investigation of the leader-following consensus problem, we design a new distributed intermittent observer-based protocol for each following agent. Finally, we provide an illustrative example to verify the effectiveness of the proposed approach.

  12. Investigating Immune System Aging: System Dynamics and Agent-Based Modeling

    OpenAIRE

    Figueredo, Grazziela; Aickelin, Uwe

    2013-01-01

    System dynamics and agent based simulation models can both be used to model and understand interactions of entities within a population. Our modeling work presented here is concerned with understanding the suitability of the different types of simulation for the immune system aging problems and comparing their results. We are trying to answer questions such as: How fit is the immune system given a certain age? Would an immune boost be of therapeutic value, e.g. to improve the effectiveness...

  13. Modeling of Multi-Agent Oriented learning System for Impaired Students with JADE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sripati Mukhopadhyay

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available In this research paper we presented a model of multi-agent system based learning environment for physically impaired students. The learning system is modeled on the basis of both centralized as well as distributed multi-agent planning. The entire learning system keeps track of the type of impairment the student has and mode of interaction of the environment is set depending on the type of impairment(s. The system consists of agents which are developed using JADE agent technology that helps the students with disabilities to continue studies from their own places.

  14. Hierarchical Distributed Control Design for Multi-agent Systems Using Approximate Simulation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    TANG Yu-Tao; HONG Yi-Guang

    2013-01-01

    In this paper,we consider a hierarchical control design for multi-agent systems based on approximate simulation.To reduce complexity,we first construct a simple abstract system to guide the agents,then we discuss the simulation relations between the abstract system and multiple agents.With the help of this abstract system,distributed hierarchical control is proposed to complete a coordination task.By virtue of a common Lyapunov function,we analyze the collective behaviors with switching multi-agent topology in light of simulation functions.

  15. Implementation and design of a communication system of an agent-based automated substation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIN Yong-jun; LIU Yu-tao; ZHANG Dan-hui

    2006-01-01

    A substation system requires that communication be transmitted reliably,accurately and in real-time.Aimed at solving problems,e.g.,flow confliction and sensitive data transmission,a model of the communication system of an agent-based automated substation is introduced.The running principle is discussed in detail and each type of agent is discussed further.At the end,the realization of the agent system applied to the substation is presented.The outcome shows that the communication system of an agent-based automated substation improves the accuracy and reliability of the data transfer and presents it in realtime.

  16. Comparison of Two Laxative Agents for Precolonoscopy Bowel Preparation: Sennoside Versus Standard Polyethylene Glycol Solution

    OpenAIRE

    NAD?R, I??lay; KAÇAR, Sabite; ÇAKAL, Ba?ak; AKDO?AN, Meral; ÖZ?N, Yasemin Özderin

    2009-01-01

    This study was undertaken to compare the efficacy of standard 4-liters polyethylene glycol solution (PEG) and sennoside for bowel cleansing. Eighty patients having colonoscopy indication for any reason were voluntarily admitted in to the study. Patients were randomized to two groups to receive either PEG (30 patients) or sennoside (50 patients) for colon cleansing. Colonic cleansing of the patients was evaluated by Aranchick scoring scale according to educational levels. The perfect c...

  17. A Q-based integrating interaction framework system for multi-agent coordination

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Zhen-jie; SHENG Huan-ye; XIAO Zheng-guang

    2005-01-01

    Interaction is one of the crucial features of multi-agent systems, in which there are two kinds of interaction: agent-to-agent and human-to-agent. In order to unify the two kinds of interaction while designing multiagent systems, this paper introduces Q language-a scenario description language for designing interaction among agents and humans. Based on Q, we propose an integrating interaction framework system for multi-agent coordination, in which Q scenarios are used to uniformly describe both kinds of interactions. Being in accordance to the characteristics of Q language, the Q-based framework makes the interaction process open and easily understood by the users. Additionally, it makes specific applications of multi-agent systems easy to be established by application designers. By applying agent negotiation in agent-mediated e-commerce and agent cooperation in interoperable information query on the Semantic Web, we illustrate how the presented framework for multi-agent coordination is implemented in concrete applications. At the same time, these two different applications also demonstrate usability of the presented framework and verify validity of Q language.

  18. The Evolution of Cooperation in Managed Groundwater Systems: An Agent-Based Modelling Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castilla Rho, J. C.; Mariethoz, G.; Rojas, R. F.; Andersen, M. S.; Kelly, B. F.; Holley, C.

    2014-12-01

    Human interactions with groundwater systems often exhibit complex features that hinder the sustainable management of the resource. This leads to costly and persistent conflicts over groundwater at the catchment scale. One possible way to address these conflicts is by gaining a better understanding of how social and groundwater dynamics coevolve using agent-based models (ABM). Such models allow exploring 'bottom-up' solutions (i.e., self-organised governance systems), where the behaviour of individual agents (e.g., farmers) results in the emergence of mutual cooperation among groundwater users. There is significant empirical evidence indicating that this kind of 'bottom-up' approach may lead to more enduring and sustainable outcomes, compared to conventional 'top-down' strategies such as centralized control and water right schemes (Ostrom 1990). New modelling tools are needed to study these concepts systematically and efficiently. Our model uses a conceptual framework to study cooperation and the emergence of social norms as initially proposed by Axelrod (1986), which we adapted to groundwater management. We developed an ABM that integrates social mechanisms and the physics of subsurface flow. The model explicitly represents feedback between groundwater conditions and social dynamics, capturing the spatial structure of these interactions and the potential effects on cooperation levels in an agricultural setting. Using this model, we investigate a series of mechanisms that may trigger norms supporting cooperative strategies, which can be sustained and become stable over time. For example, farmers in a self-monitoring community can be more efficient at achieving the objective of sustainable groundwater use than government-imposed regulation. Our coupled model thus offers a platform for testing new schemes promoting cooperation and improved resource use, which can be used as a basis for policy design. Importantly, we hope to raise awareness of agent-based modelling as

  19. [Norfloxacin Solution Degradation Under Ultrasound, Potassium Persulfate Collaborative System].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Hong; Shi, Jing-zhuan; Li, Jia-lin; Li, Ke-bin; Zhao, Lin; Han, Kai

    2015-11-01

    High oxidative sulfate radicals can be produced by potassium persulfate (K2S2O8). The integrated effect of ultrasonic and K2S2O8, on norfloxacin degradation was investigated. The experimental parameters such as K2S2O8 concentration, norfloxacin initial concentration, initial pH value, free radicals quenching agents such as methanol and tert-butyl on norfloxacin degradation were discussed. The results indicated that ultrasonic/K2S2O8, system had an obvious degradation and mineralization effect on norfloxacin. Norfloxacin removal efficiencies were 3.2 and 8.9 times in ultrasonic/K2S2O8 system than those in single K252O8 and ultrasonic oxidation system, respectively. And the reaction followed the first-order kinetics. Norfloxacin removal efficiency varied gently with K2S2O8 concentration. Solution initial pH had a significant effect on norfloxacin degradation, which was attributed to the different oxidizing species under different pH values. The radicals were sulfate radicals under acidic and neutral conditions, and was the combination of sulfate and hydroxyl radicals under alkaline conditions. TOC and agar diffusion test with E. coli showed that 49.12% norfloxacin was mineralized and antibacterial activity was completely removed, with the diameter of E. coli inhibition zone decreased from 45 mm to 14 mm (filter paper diameter). The result implied that ultrasound/K2S2O8 showed promising results as a possible application for treatment of norfloxacin antibiotics wastewater. PMID:26910998

  20. Spectral and fluorescence imaging of immune system and tissue response to an immunogenic agent

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choe, Se-woon; Acharya, Abhinav; Keselowsky, Benjamin G.; Sorg, Brian S.

    2009-05-01

    Imaging of immune system and tissue response to immunogenic agents can be important to the development of new biomaterials. Additionally, quantitative functional imaging can be useful for testing and evaluation of methods to alter or control the immune system response to implanted materials. In this preliminary study, we employ spectral imaging and fluorescence imaging to measure immune system and tissue response to implanted immunogenic agents. Poly (D,L lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA) with a 50:50 composition was used to create immunogenic microparticles (MPs). Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) encapsulated in the MPs was used to provoke a tissue immune response in mice and encapsulated fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) was used to fluorescently label the MPs for imaging. Control MPs did not contain LPS. The MPs were delivered at 50 particles/μL in a total volume of 20μL by subcutaneous injection in the skin of a nude mouse in a dorsal skin-fold window chamber preparation. Cultured immune cells from a mouse leukemic monocyte macrophage cell line were exogenously labeled with the fluorescent dye DiD in solution at a concentration of 8000cells/μL. Immediately after window chamber surgery and implantation of the MPs, 100μL of the fluorescent macrophage solution was administered via the tail vein. Fluorescence imaging was used to track MPs and macrophages while spectral imaging was used for imaging and measurement of hemoglobin saturation in the tissue microvasculature. Imaging was performed periodically over about three days. The spectral and fluorescence imaging combination enabled detailed observations of the macrophage response and functional effects on the tissue.

  1. Analysis of Criticality Accident Transients of Uranium Solution System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DUAN; Ming-hui; DU; Kai-wen; LIU; Zhen-hua

    2012-01-01

    <正>In the nuclear fuel cycle, fissile materials are often dissolved in water. Criticality accidents are likely to happen in the uranium solution system and release a large amount of energy and radioactive materials. Therefore, the criticality safety of uranium solution system is very important in the nuclear safety technology research.

  2. Bubble Effect in Heterogeneous Nuclear Fuel Solution System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU; Xiao-ping; LUO; Huang-da; ZHANG; Wei; ZHU; Qing-fu

    2013-01-01

    Bubble effect means system reactivity changes due to the bubble induced solution volume,neutron leakage and absorption properties,neutron energy spectrum change in the nuclear fuel solution system.In the spent fuel dissolver,during uranium element shearing,the oxygen will be inlet to accelerate the

  3. Minimal solution of general dual fuzzy linear systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fuzzy linear systems of equations, play a major role in several applications in various area such as engineering, physics and economics. In this paper, we investigate the existence of a minimal solution of general dual fuzzy linear equation systems. Two necessary and sufficient conditions for the minimal solution existence are given. Also, some examples in engineering and economic are considered

  4. Existence of solutions for elliptic systems with critical Sobolev exponent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Amster

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available We establish conditions for existence and for nonexistence of nontrivial solutions to an elliptic system of partial differential equations. This system is of gradient type and has a nonlinearity with critical growth.

  5. Velocity synchronization of multi-agent systems with mismatched parameters via sampled position data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, Wen; Huang, Chunli; Lü, Jinhu; Li, Xiong; Chen, Shihua

    2016-02-01

    Power systems are special multi-agent systems with nonlinear coupling function and symmetric structures. This paper extends these systems to a class of multi-agent systems with mismatched parameters, linear coupling function, and asymmetric structures and investigates their velocity synchronization via sampled position data. The dynamics of the agents is adopted as that of generators with mismatched parameters, while the system structures are supposed to be complex. Two distributed linear consensus protocols are designed, respectively, for multi-agent systems without or with communication delay. Necessary and sufficient conditions based on the sampling period, the mismatched parameters, the delay, and the nonzero eigenvalues of the Laplacian matrix are established. It is shown that velocity synchronization of multi-agent systems with mismatched parameters can be achieved if the sampled period is chosen appropriately. Simulations are given to illustrate the effectiveness of the theoretical results.

  6. Flocking of Multi-agent Systems Following Virtual Leader with Time-Varying Velocity

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Ji-Chen; LU Qi-Shao

    2009-01-01

    We consider the collective dynamics for a multi-agent system with a virtual leader. The velocity of the leader is time-varying and the interconnection topology of position network is switching based on the distances between agents. To track the leader in flocking, a neighbour-based local piecewise smooth controller is proposed for each agent. Using the control method, all agent velocities asymptotically approach the desired velocity while collisions can be avoided between agents. Some simulation results are provided to demonstrate the theoretical results.

  7. Modeling and simulation of complex systems a framework for efficient agent-based modeling and simulation

    CERN Document Server

    Siegfried, Robert

    2014-01-01

    Robert Siegfried presents a framework for efficient agent-based modeling and simulation of complex systems. He compares different approaches for describing structure and dynamics of agent-based models in detail. Based on this evaluation the author introduces the "General Reference Model for Agent-based Modeling and Simulation" (GRAMS). Furthermore he presents parallel and distributed simulation approaches for execution of agent-based models -from small scale to very large scale. The author shows how agent-based models may be executed by different simulation engines that utilize underlying hard

  8. Capability-oriented agent theory and its applications in dependable systems and process engineering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thunem, Atoosa P-J.

    2004-04-15

    During the rapid growth of computerised systems in the past 15 years, the variety of services and their efficiency have been the strongest deciding factors in design and development of the systems within various industrial branches. At the same time, the introduction and popularity of emerging design and development techniques seems to have forced the industry to include these in their product development process. Unfortunately, too many examples of lack of use or erroneous use of these techniques within industries such as telecommunications, telemedicine, aerospace and indeed the energy sector indicate that a common understanding of and belief in the rationale behind the techniques and their solution domains has not been obtained. At the same time, a tremendous increase in the number of emerging techniques has made such an understanding difficult to gain, especially when the techniques share the same application field, but differ in few yet important issues. Finally, the lack of knowledge about system aspects and the integration of various abstraction levels to describe them have added even more to the confusion on how to use different techniques. The work resulting in the Capability-Oriented Agent Theory began while trying to find more descriptive system models, taking into account a wider selection of system aspects. Although related to object-oriented and agent-oriented principles, the theory differs from such principles in many respects. Among others, its focal point is on a category of system aspects neither addressed nor recognised within such principles before. Additionally, the theory opposes the well-established idea of distinct separation between requirement, design, implementation and test specifications, but suggests a systematic integration of the related activities, hence to increase their traceability and intercommunication in both a top-down and a bottom-up manner along the development process. (Author)

  9. A meta-ontological framework for multi-agent systems design

    OpenAIRE

    Sokolova, Marina; Fernández Caballero, Antonio

    2007-01-01

    The paper introduces an approach to using a meta-ontology framework for complex multi-agent systems design, and illustrates it in an application related to ecological-medical issues. The described shared ontology is pooled from private sub-ontologies, which represent a problem area ontology, an agent ontology, a task ontology, an ontology of interactions, and the multi-agent system architecture ontology.

  10. Role of Multi Agent System for Qos Guarantee in Cellular Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Nupur Giri; Shrikant Bodhe

    2012-01-01

    The paper highlights the benefits of Multi Agent System for maintaining QoS in cellular network by evaluating various multi agent based call admission control strategies for different traffic conditions. It establishes the effect of degree of distribution of agents on system performance by comparing the two service architectures, namely centralized and distributed, for reactivity, responsiveness, utilization of resources, communication overhead, sustainability, scalability, robustness and mo...

  11. A Multi-Agent System Using JADE for Simulation of Supply Chains

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    AHN Hyungjun; PARK Sungjoo

    2004-01-01

    This paper proposes a prototype system for modeling and simulation of supply chains using a widely accepted agent platform Java agent development platform (JADE). A simple but practical coordination mechanism agent-based dynamic information network for supply chains (ADINS) is employed for the illustration of the suggested system and a simulation experiment is performed using a supply chain model of a Korean LCD manufacturing company. The result shows that the suggested mechanism is successful in reducing bullwhip effects and increasing service rates.

  12. Pattern-Oriented Modeling of Agent-Based Complex Systems: Lessons from Ecology

    OpenAIRE

    Grimm, Volker; Revilla, Eloy; Berger, Uta; Jeltsch, Florian; Mooij, Wolf M.; Railsback, Steven F.; Thulke, Hans-Hermann; Weiner, Jacob; Wiegand, Thorsten; Donald L DeAngelis

    2005-01-01

    Agent-based complex systems are dynamic networks of many interacting agents; examples include ecosystems, financial markets, and cities. The search for general principles underlying the internal organization of such systems often uses bottom-up simulation models such as cellular automata and agent-based models. No general framework for designing, testing, and analyzing bottom-up models has yet been established, but recent advances in ecological modeling have come together in a genera...

  13. Mobile-C Based Agent System for Detecting Improper Computer Usage at Computer Laboratories

    OpenAIRE

    Zhixin Tie

    2013-01-01

    Mobile agent based computing is one of the powerful technologies for the development of distributed complex systems. There is little research regarding the effectiveness of mobile agent based detecting of improper computer usage at computer laboratories. This paper presents a Mobile-C Based Agent System (MCBAS) for Detecting Improper Computer Usage at Computer Laboratories. Based on the Mobile-C library, the MABAS supports the dynamic sending and executing of control command, dynamic data exc...

  14. A multi-agent system to support location based group decision making in mobile teams

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, H; Buckland, MA; Shepherdson, JW

    2003-01-01

    This paper describes an agent-based approach for developing a location-based asynchronous group decision-support system for mobile teams. The approach maximises the use of reusable service components (GSCmas — generic service component for multi-agent systems) as the main interaction mechanism between agents to allow flexible support of a new group-decision process. The paper describes the architecture of a GSCmas and provides details of how the GSCmas is integrated within a decision...

  15. Microfluidic-Based Robotic Sampling System for Radioactive Solutions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jack D. Law; Julia L. Tripp; Tara E. Smith; Veronica J. Rutledge; Troy G. Garn; John Svoboda; Larry Macaluso

    2014-02-01

    A novel microfluidic based robotic sampling system has been developed for sampling and analysis of liquid solutions in nuclear processes. This system couples the use of a microfluidic sample chip with a robotic system designed to allow remote, automated sampling of process solutions in-cell and facilitates direct coupling of the microfluidic sample chip with analytical instrumentation. This system provides the capability for near real time analysis, reduces analytical waste, and minimizes the potential for personnel exposure associated with traditional sampling methods. A prototype sampling system was designed, built and tested. System testing demonstrated operability of the microfluidic based sample system and identified system modifications to optimize performance.

  16. Partition of lead in a milk-pectin aqueous biphasic system with complexing agents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aqueous two-phase systems allow partition of metal ions in nondenaturing conditions. From the fresh skim bovine milk spiked with 212Pb and agitated with 4% water solution of apple pectin (degree of esterification - 70%), less than 2.3% is recovered to the pectin phase and in the case of pasteurized milk less than 3.0%. Complexation with chelate forming agents was studied. Aminoacids as glycine, alanine and histidine do not exert influence on the yield, but the recovery in the pectin phase was 22% for cysteine, and 80% in the case of EdtacalTM (calcium salt of ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid). The retention of lead in milk phase is extraordinarily high as compared to strontium and corresponds to the behavior of trivalent ions. (author)

  17. Multi Agent Communication System for Online Auction with Decision Support System by JADE and TRACE

    CERN Document Server

    Martin, A; Madhusudanan, J; 10.4156/jcit.vol4.issue2.martin

    2011-01-01

    The success of online auctions has given buyers access to greater product diversity with potentially lower prices. It has provided sellers with access to large numbers of potential buyers and reduced transaction costs by enabling auctions to take place without regard to time or place. However it is difficult to spend more time period with system and closely monitor the auction until auction participant wins the bid or closing of the auction. Determining which items to bid on or what may be the recommended bid and when to bid it are difficult questions to answer for online auction participants. The multi agent auction advisor system JADE and TRACE, which is connected with decision support system, gives the recommended bid to buyers for online auctions. The auction advisor system relies on intelligent agents both for the retrieval of relevant auction data and for the processing of that data to enable meaningful recommendations, statistical reports and market prediction report to be made to auction participants.

  18. Regional satellite systems: Are they "the solution?"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ospina, Sylvia

    Regional satellite systems are in operation in Europe and the Arab League countries. Several others are under consideration for developing countries in Africa, Asia and South America. Studies have concluded that technically, the regional satellite systems are feasible. However, their viability depends on more than the succesful launch of a satellite. This paper analyzes the existing systems, extrapolates a few "lessons" from their experience and examines how they may be applied to the proposed systems. It is suggested that future feasibility studies should give some attention to terrestrial concerns: the physical infrastructure as well as economic and legal issues which will affect any regional system's viability.

  19. Role Oriented Test Case Generation for Agent Based System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.Sivakumar

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Agent Oriented Software Engineering (AOSE is a rapidly developing area of research. Current research and development primarily focuses on the analysis, design and implementation of agent based software whereas testing is less prioritised. Software testing is an important and indispensable part of software development process. Test case generation is the primary step of any testing process which is followed by test execution and test evaluation. Test case generation is not an easy task but upon automating the test case generation process serves many advantages such as time saving, effort saving and more importantly reduces number of errors and faults. This paper investigates about generating test cases for testing agent based software. We propose a novel approach, which takes advantage of agent’s role as the basis for generating test cases. Role is an important mental attribute of an agent which is simply defined as the set of capabilities that an agent can perform. The main objective of this paper is to generate test cases from role diagram upon converting it to activity diagram.

  20. Retention of radicular posts varying the application technique of the adhesive system and luting agent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fonseca, Tabajara Sabbag; Alfredo, Edson; Vansan, Luiz Pascoal; Silva, Ricardo Gariba; Sousa, Yara T Correa Silva; Saquy, Paulo César; Sousa-Neto, Manoel D

    2006-01-01

    This study evaluated in vitro the retention of intracanal cast posts cemented with dual-cure resin varying the application method of the primer/adhesive solution and luting agent in the prosthetic space prepared to receive the posts. Sixty endodontically treated maxillary canines had their crowns discarded, and their roots were embedded in acrylic resin. The prosthetic spaces were prepared with Largo burs mounted on a low-speed handpiece coupled to a parallelometer in order to maintain length and diameter of intraradicular posts constant and to guarantee that the preparations were parallel after casting. Two groups (n = 30) were randomly formed according to the device used to apply the adhesive system: microbrush or standard bristle brush (control). Each group was divided into 3 subgroups (n = 10) according to the technique used to place the luting agent into the root canal: using only a lentulo spiral before setting the post, applying it onto the post surface, or combining both methods. After 72 hours, the tensile force required to dislodge each post was determined by a universal testing machine (Instron 4444) set at a speed of 1 mm/min. The results indicated that the use of the microbrush yielded higher bond strength values (0.1740 +/- 0.04 kN) than those recorded for the bristle brush tip (0.1369 +/- 0.04 kN, p test demonstrated a higher retention (p application techniques presented statistical difference (p tested conditions was obtained when the adhesive system was applied with a microbrush and the luting agent was taken into the root canal with lentulo spirals alone (0.1961 +/- 0.04 kN) and combining both methods (lentulo + post: 0.1911 +/- 0.02 kN). PMID:17242797

  1. Improvement in the distribution of services in multi-agent systems with SCODA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Ángel ROMÁN GALLEGO

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The distribution of services on multi-agent systems allows it to reduce to the agents their computational load. The functionality of the system does not reside in the agents themselves, however it is ubiquitously distributed so that allows you to perform tasks in parallel avoiding an additional computational cost to the elements in the system. The distribution of services that offers SCODA (Distributed and Specialized Agent Communities allows an intelligent management of these services provided by agents of the system and the parallel execution of threads that allow to respond to requests asynchronously, which implies an improvement in the performance of the system at both the computational level as the level of quality of service in the control of these services. The comparison carried out in the case of study that is presented in this paper demonstrates the existing improvement in the distribution of services on systems based on SCODA.

  2. Epistemic planning for single- and multi-agent systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bolander, Thomas; Andersen, Mikkel Birkegaard

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, we investigate the use of event models for automated planning. Event models are the action defining structures used to define a semantics for dynamic epistemic logic. Using event models, two issues in planning can be addressed: Partial observability of the environment and knowledge......, allowing the specification of a more complex class of planning domains, than those simply concerned with simple facts about the world. We show how to model multi-agent planning problems using Kripke-models for representing world states, and event models for representing actions. Our mechanism makes use of....... In planning, partial observability gives rise to an uncertainty about the world. For single-agent domains, this uncertainty can come from incomplete knowledge of the starting situation and from the nondeterminism of actions. In multi-agent domains, an additional uncertainty arises from the fact that...

  3. Preparing systemic change agents for sustainable development: What skills and understanding do change agents need to develop?

    OpenAIRE

    Wilkinson, Jane

    2015-01-01

    The research for this paper is based in Forum for the Future, a not-for-profit organisation that aims to pioneer and share practical approaches to system change for sustainability globally. This project takes the existing Masters in Leadership for Sustainable Development course and examines how it can be changed to meet current organisational goals through investigating: 1. What features need to be included in a course that enables change agents to be ready to bring about change for sustaina...

  4. Modelling and simulation of complex systems: an approach based on multi-level agents

    CERN Document Server

    Fougères, Alain-Jérôme

    2012-01-01

    A complex system is made up of many components with many interactions. So the design of systems such as simulation systems, cooperative systems or assistance systems includes a very accurate modelling of interactional and communicational levels. The agent-based approach provides an adapted abstraction level for this problem. After having studied the organizational context and communicative capacities of agentbased systems, to simulate the reorganization of a flexible manufacturing, to regulate an urban transport system, and to simulate an epidemic detection system, our thoughts on the interactional level were inspired by human-machine interface models, especially those in "cognitive engineering". To provide a general framework for agent-based complex systems modelling, we then proposed a scale of four behaviours that agents may adopt in their complex systems (reactive, routine, cognitive, and collective). To complete the description of multi-level agent models, which is the focus of this paper, we illustrate ...

  5. Influence of mitochondrion-toxic agents on the cardiovascular system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finsterer, Josef; Ohnsorge, Peter

    2013-12-01

    Cardiovascular disease may be induced or worsened by mitochondrion-toxic agents. Mitochondrion-toxic agents may be classified as those with or without a clinical effect, those which induce cardiac disease only in humans or animals or both, as prescribed drugs, illicit drugs, exotoxins, or nutritiants, as those which affect the heart exclusively or also other organs, as those which are effective only in patients with a mitochondrial disorder or cardiac disease or also in healthy subjects, or as solid, liquid, or volatile agents. In humans, cardiotoxic agents due to mitochondrial dysfunction include anthracyclines (particularly doxorubicin), mitoxantrone, cyclophosphamide, cisplatin, fluorouracil, imatinib, bortezomib, trastuzumab, arsenic trioxide, cyclosporine-A, zidovudine, lamotrigine, glycosides, lidocain, isoproterenol, nitroprusside, pivalic acid, alcohol, cocaine, pesticides, cadmium, mycotoxins, cyanotoxins, meat meal, or carbon monoxide. Even more agents exhibit cardiac abnormalities due to mitochondrion-toxicity only in animals or tissue cultures. The mitochondrion-toxic effect results from impairment of the respiratory chain, the oxidative phosphorylation, the Krebs cycle, or the β-oxidation, from decrease of the mitochondrion-membrane potential, from increased oxidative stress, reduced anti-oxidative capacity, or from induction of apoptosis. Cardiac abnormalities induced via these mechanisms include cardiomyopathy, myocarditis, coronary heart disease, arrhythmias, heart failure, or Takotsubo syndrome. Discontinuation of the cardiotoxic agent results in complete recovery in the majority of the cases. Antioxidants and nutritiants may be of additional help. Particularly coenzyme-Q, riboflavin, vitamin-E, vitamin-C, L-carnitine, vitamin-D, thiamin, folic acid, omega-3 fatty acids, and D-ribose may alleviate mitochondrial cardiotoxic effects. PMID:24036395

  6. Complex groundwater flow systems as traveling agent models

    CERN Document Server

    López-Corona, Oliver; Escolero, Oscar; González, Tomás; Morales-Casique, Eric

    2014-01-01

    Analyzing field data from pumping tests, we show that as with many other natural phenomena, groundwater flow exhibits a complex dynamics described by 1/f power spectrum. This result is theoretically studied within an agent perspective. Using a traveling agent model, we prove that this statistical behavior emerges when the medium is complex. Some heuristic reasoning is provided to justify both spatial and dynamic complexity, as the result of the superposition of an infinite number of stochastic processes. Even more, we show that this implies that non-Kolmogorovian probability is needed for its study, and provide a set of new partial differential equations for groundwater flow.

  7. Complex groundwater flow systems as traveling agent models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oliver López Corona

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Analyzing field data from pumping tests, we show that as with many other natural phenomena, groundwater flow exhibits complex dynamics described by 1/f power spectrum. This result is theoretically studied within an agent perspective. Using a traveling agent model, we prove that this statistical behavior emerges when the medium is complex. Some heuristic reasoning is provided to justify both spatial and dynamic complexity, as the result of the superposition of an infinite number of stochastic processes. Even more, we show that this implies that non-Kolmogorovian probability is needed for its study, and provide a set of new partial differential equations for groundwater flow.

  8. Research and development of Multi- Agent System based agile collaborative design system for machining centre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Li

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Today we face a demands always quickly varied market. For the machine tools manufacturers,reducing the development cycle of a product to be modified is much meaningful, and meanwhile, they haveto improve (at least keep the new machines performance. Consequently, an assistant-software has a certaindegree of intelligent ability will have more advantages to improve the design quality and short design cyclesimultaneously.Design/methodology/approach: The development of machine tools is a typical work of a distributed cooperativeprocess supported by CAX. MAS (Multi-Agent system is now the mainstream of contemporary studies ondistributed intelligent software system, and can provide a foundation for the establishment of such system.Findings: In this paper, a MAS-based agile collaborative development system for MC (Machining Centerwas set up using JADE (Java Agent DEvelopment framework. The whole system was divided into severalfunctional modules that can carry out its typical mission. By taking the intelligent collaborative design moduleas an example, the configuration of Agents society was expatiated particularly. This module can provideintellectualized conceptual design help for MC designers.Research limitations/implications: Whereas, the other modules of this system have not been established, so inorder to make it more perfect, some interfaces are left for the next expansion of other modules.Practical implications: A development process supported by this system for a customer ordered MC is takento execute the prototype case study. According to the customer order information, three feasible proposals thathave the greatest similarity are presented by the intelligent reasoning of CADDesignerAgents. By performingthe parametric design and intelligent optimization, 3D dynamic MC model which is the customer satisfied isproposed and shown.Originality/value: The platform supported with those intelligent abilities has shown that it is a powerful tool

  9. Competition of Multi-Agent Systems: Analysis of a Three-Company Econophysics Model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A three-company econophysics model for competing multi-agent systems in a triangular lattice is analyzed using mean field theory for its phase diagram. Interpretations for the temperature, spin density and lattice structures are presented. Suggestions for the use of this model for econophysics in the context of multi-agent systems are made

  10. Evolutionary Game Theory Based Cooperation Algorithm in Multi-Agent System

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Yuehai

    2009-01-01

    An evolutionarily stable strategy was adopted to be an optimal solution for the multi-agent foraging task, and hawk-dove game model was used to simulate the interaction between the agents, and finally, an evolutionarily cooperation foraging algorithm (ECFA) that can adapt the environment change, evolve an stable ESS and bring the maximal reward for the group eventually is proposed. Moreover, to the disadvantages such as long convergence process of the ECFA, we imposed a reinforcement factor t...

  11. Changing Foundations for Global Business Systems Solutions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Slepniov, Dmitrij; Wæhrens, Brian Vejrum; Gubi, Ebbe

    2011-01-01

    the operations configurations have been changing over time and affecting the overall business system. The paper identifies the key determinants and outcomes of this change. Moreover, it proposes how the design of operations configurations can be improved through the development of a distinct systemic approach......Companies are actively seeking new competitive advantages by changing the location and ownership of their manufacturing processes. This process results in increasing fragmentation and dispersion of global business systems of companies. The purpose of this paper is to identify how companies may...... improve the integration of such business systems. The paper draws on a case study of a Danish industrial equipment firm. The paper describes and analyzes the company’s operations network configurations, which lay at the foundations of the company’s global business system. It is demonstrated how...

  12. Output regulation for linear multi-agent systems with unmeasurable nodes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The output regulation of linear multi-agent systems with partial unmeasurable agents is investigated in this paper. All the agents except the exosystem can be classified into two groups. Agents in the first group can be measured by themselves and their neighbors. State variables are not fully accessible for direct communication and full order Luenberger observers are constructed for the unmeasurable agents. We give a state feedback control law to solve the output regulation problem under the communication topologies based on both measurable and unmeasurable agents. The heterogeneous agents' synchronization problem is a general case of our results. Finally, examples are utilized to show the effectiveness of the obtained results. (interdisciplinary physics and related areas of science and technology)

  13. SYSTEM FOR APPLYING POWDERED GELLING AGENTS TO SPILLED HAZARDOUS MATERIALS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Research has been conducted to develop a blended material that would optimally immobilize a wide range of liquid chemicals detrimental to the environment. The product of this research was Multipurpose Gelling Agent (MGA), a blend of four polymers and an inorganic powder. When app...

  14. The Usability of Agent-Based Simulation in Decision Support System of E-Commerce Architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ŠPERKA Roman

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Electronic commerce (e-commerce has the potential to improve the competitiveness of the enterprises. A decision support system, used in e-commerce, is a term used to describe any software engine that enhances the user’s ability to make decisions. The paper presents a new approach for decision support system modeling. This approach is applied by a modification and extension of existing decision support system architecture by multi-agent technology and agent-based simulation models. Multi-agent technology is one of the fastest growing fields of information and communication technology – new agent-based services, products, and applications are being developed almost every day. Agent-based simulation model is applied to coordinate, control, and simulate the architecture of decision support system, used in e-commerce. The proposed architecture improves the existing decision support systems and gains competitive advantage.

  15. Almost Periodic Solution of a Discrete Commensalism System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yalong Xue

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A nonautonomous discrete two-species Lotka-Volterra commensalism system with delays is considered in this paper. Based on the discrete comparison theorem, the permanence of the system is obtained. Then, by constructing a new discrete Lyapunov functional, a set of sufficient conditions which guarantee the system global attractivity are obtained. If the coefficients are almost periodic, there exists an almost periodic solution and the almost periodic solution is globally attractive.

  16. The Existence of Homoclinic Solutions for Second Order Hamiltonian System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jie Gao

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The research of homoclinic orbits for Hamiltonian system is a classical problem, it has valuable applications in celestial mechanics, plasma physis, and biological engineering. For example, homoclinic orbits rupture can yield chaos lead to more complex dynamics behaviour. This paper studies the existence of homoclinic solutions for a class of second order Hamiltonian system, we will prove this system exists at least one nontrivial homoclinic solution.

  17. Almost Periodic Solution of a Discrete Commensalism System

    OpenAIRE

    Yalong Xue; Xiangdong Xie; Fengde Chen; Rongyu Han

    2015-01-01

    A nonautonomous discrete two-species Lotka-Volterra commensalism system with delays is considered in this paper. Based on the discrete comparison theorem, the permanence of the system is obtained. Then, by constructing a new discrete Lyapunov functional, a set of sufficient conditions which guarantee the system global attractivity are obtained. If the coefficients are almost periodic, there exists an almost periodic solution and the almost periodic solution is globally attractive.

  18. Research on Applications of Cryptography for Multi-Mobile Agent System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Hai-ping; WANG Ru-chuan; XU Xiao-long

    2004-01-01

    With the development of information network and agent technology, Multi-Mobile Agents' Cooperation can not only improve the computing efficiency, but also have a comprehensive applicative value in solving the security issues of mobile agent system. Aiming at the security and flexibility, this paper proposes a kind of basic architecture and the design pattern of Multi-Mobile Agent System (MMAS). Combined with cryptography, it builds the security mechanism on keys' distribution and management and Coalition Signature of MMAS. Through the analysis of security and validity, the introduction and application of cryptography can improve the performance of MMAS.

  19. A Distributed Data Mining System Based on Multi-agent Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Li-ming; ZHANG Yan-zhen

    2006-01-01

    Distributed Data Mining is expected to discover preciously unknown, implicit and valuable information from massive data set inherently distributed over a network. In recent years several approaches to distributed data mining have been developed, but only a few of them make use of intelligent agents. This paper provides the reason for applying Multi-Agent Technology in Distributed Data Mining and presents a Distributed Data Mining System based on Multi-Agent Technology that deals with heterogeneity in such environment. Based on the advantages of both the CS model and agent-based model, the system is being able to address the specific concern of increasing scalability and enhancing performance.

  20. Active filter solutions in energy systems

    OpenAIRE

    RÜSTEMLİ, SABİR; CENGİZ, MEHMET SAİT

    2015-01-01

    Recent developments in power electronics have increased the usage of nonlinear loads in energy systems. With increases in the usage of semiconductor-sourced nonlinear loads, the adverse effects of harmonics-sensitive loads (e.g., protection control circuits and circuit breakers) have also increased. Generally, the negative effects of harmonics in power systems include the following: increased power losses; motor, generator, and transformer overheating; faulty operation of measurement and prot...

  1. A solution for heterogeneous domotic systems integration

    OpenAIRE

    Miori, Vittorio; Russo, Dario; Bianchi Bandinelli, Rolando

    2010-01-01

    The Information and Communication technologies spread across our life to make easier our everyday tasks and to increase the quality of our existence in every domain, realizing the Pervasive Computing vision. As in other domains, also in home environments many appliances are rapidly becoming computationally enabled, equipped with different communications protocols, and therefore connected to home networks. Domotic systems, variously called "smart homes", "smart environment systems", "intellige...

  2. Periodic solutions of nonautonomous differential systems modeling obesity population

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arenas, Abraham J. [Departamento de Matematicas y Estadistica, Universidad de Cordoba Monteria (Colombia)], E-mail: aarenas@sinu.unicordoba.edu.co; Gonzalez-Parra, Gilberto [Departamento de Calculo, Universidad de los Andes, Merida (Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of)], E-mail: gcarlos@ula.ve; Jodar, Lucas [Instituto de Matematica Multidisciplinar, Universidad Politecnica de Valencia Edificio 8G, 2o, 46022 Valencia (Spain)], E-mail: ljodar@imm.upv.es

    2009-10-30

    In this paper we study the periodic behaviour of the solutions of a nonautonomous model for obesity population. The mathematical model represented by a nonautonomous system of nonlinear ordinary differential equations is used to model the dynamics of obese populations. Numerical simulations suggest periodic behaviour of subpopulations solutions. Sufficient conditions which guarantee the existence of a periodic positive solution are obtained using a continuation theorem based on coincidence degree theory.

  3. Software solution development for safety system pumps diagnostics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Software solution for safety system pumps diagnostics according their periodic testing data have been developed. The methodological basis of the software solution is statistical analysis of pump measuring parameters dynamics and cluster analysis. The results of the analysis of Kalinin and Balakovo NPPs pumps testing are given. The results of data processing by suggested software solution show the efficiency of anomalies detection and possibility of control on their development

  4. An agent based approach for simulating complex systems with spatial dynamicsapplication in the land use planning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatimazahra BARRAMOU

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In this research a new agent based approach for simulating complex systems with spatial dynamics is presented. We propose architecture based on coupling between two systems: multi-agent systems and geographic information systems. We also propose a generic model of agent-oriented simulation that we will apply to the field of land use planning. In fact, simulating the evolution of the urban system is a key to help decision makers to anticipate the needs of the city in terms of installing new equipment and opening new urbanization’ areas to install the new population.

  5. Design and Simulation of Material-Integrated Distributed Sensor Processing with a Code-Based Agent Platform and Mobile Multi-Agent Systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Bosse

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Multi-agent systems (MAS can be used for decentralized and self-organizing data processing in a distributed system, like a resource-constrained sensor network, enabling distributed information extraction, for example, based on pattern recognition and self-organization, by decomposing complex tasks in simpler cooperative agents. Reliable MAS-based data processing approaches can aid the material-integration of structural-monitoring applications, with agent processing platforms scaled to the microchip level. The agent behavior, based on a dynamic activity-transition graph (ATG model, is implemented with program code storing the control and the data state of an agent, which is novel. The program code can be modified by the agent itself using code morphing techniques and is capable of migrating in the network between nodes. The program code is a self-contained unit (a container and embeds the agent data, the initialization instructions and the ATG behavior implementation. The microchip agent processing platform used for the execution of the agent code is a standalone multi-core stack machine with a zero-operand instruction format, leading to a small-sized agent program code, low system complexity and high system performance. The agent processing is token-queue-based, similar to Petri-nets. The agent platform can be implemented in software, too, offering compatibility at the operational and code level, supporting agent processing in strong heterogeneous networks. In this work, the agent platform embedded in a large-scale distributed sensor network is simulated at the architectural level by using agent-based simulation techniques.

  6. Industrial disasters - the expert systems solution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Six mistakes by the operators led to the accident at the Cherobyl nuclear reactor. These have been studied. It is suggested that an expert systems approach could prevent similar accidents. The expert system is a new approach to software programming where programs are required to perform intelligent analyses of complex situations. It separates the knowledge of a problem from the procedural code that performs the decision. An expert system will evaluate data and indicate a priority on alarms in real time. Now software systems can detect the cause of a problem in a process plant and present their findings to the operators in the control room. This should enable operators to make the correct decisions as they will know which underlying process faults are causing the alarms to operate. The Chernobyl post-mortem meeting made 13 proposals for improving safety. Two in particular are noted as relevant to expert advice systems; international collaboration on man-reactor relationships and a conference to explore the balance of automation and human action to minimise operating errors. (U.K.)

  7. Three positive doubly periodic solutions of a nonlinear telegraph system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fang-lei WANG; Yu-kun AN

    2009-01-01

    This paper studies existence of at least three positive doubly periodic solutions of a coupled nonlinear telegraph system with doubly periodic boundary conditions. First, by using the Green function and maximum principle, existence of solutions of a nonlinear telegraph system is equivalent to existence of fixed points of an operator. By imposing growth conditions on the nonlinearities, existence of at least three fixed points in cone is obtained by using the Leggett-Williams fixed point theorem to cones in ordered Banach spaces. In other words, there exist at least three positive doubly periodic solutions of nonlinear telegraph system.

  8. Development of solution behavior observation system under criticality accident conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A solution behavior observation system was developed for observing the behavior of fissile solution and radiolytic voids under criticality accident conditions in TRACY. The system consisted of a radiation-resistive optical fiberscope and a CCD color video camera. The system functioned properly in the mixed high radiation fields of gamma rays and neutrons under criticality accident conditions, and it succeeded in taking the images of their behavior. They provide an important information to understand phenomena of fuel solution at criticality accidents and to construct computational kinetic models. The images can also be used as teaching materials for plant workers and students in universities. (author)

  9. Object Oriented Intelligent Multi-Agent System Data Cleaning Architecture To Clean Email Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. G. Arumugam,

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Agents are software programs that perform tasks on behalf of others and they can be used to mine data with their characteristics. Agents are task oriented with the ability to learn by themselves and they react to the situation. Learning characteristics of an agent is done by verifying its previous experience from its knowledgebase. An agent concept is a complementary approach to the Object Oriented paradigm with respect to the design and implementation of autonomous entities driven by beliefs, goals and plans. Email is one of the common means for communication via text. Email cleaning problem is formalized as non-text filtering and text normalization in a two step process. Agents incorporated in the architectural design of an Email data cleaning process combines both the features of Multi-Agent System (MAS Framework and MAS with learning (MASL Framework. MAS framework reduces the development time and the complexity of implementing thesoftware agents. The MAS-L framework incorporates the intelligence and learning properties of software agents. MAS-L Framework makes use of the Decision Tree learning and an evaluation function to decide thenext best decision that applies to the machine learning technique. This paper proposes the design for Multi- Agent based Data Cleaning Architecture that incorporates the structural design of agents into object model. The design of an architectural model for Multi-Agent based Data Cleaning inherits the features of the MAS and uses the MAS-L framework to design the intelligence and learning characteristics.

  10. Multi-Variable Flocking Control for Multi-Agent Systems via a Received Signal Strength Indicator

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xin-Ping Guan; Shao-Min Xing; Xiao-Yuan Luo

    2011-01-01

    A novel flocking control approach is proposed for multi-agent systems by integrating the variables of velocities,motion directions,and positions of agents.A received signal strength indicator (RSSI) is applied as a variable to estimate the inter-distance between agents.A key parameter that contains the local information of agents is defined,and a multi-variable controller is proposed based on the parameter.For the position control of agents,the RSSI is introduced to substitute the distance as a control variable in the systems.The advantages of RSSI include that the relative distance between every two agents can be adjusted through the communication quality under different environments,and it can shun the shortage of the limit of sensors.Simulation studies demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed control approach.

  11. Role of Multi Agent System for Qos Guarantee in Cellular Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nupur Giri

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper highlights the benefits of Multi Agent System for maintaining QoS in cellular network by evaluating various multi agent based call admission control strategies for different traffic conditions. It establishes the effect of degree of distribution of agents on system performance by comparing the two service architectures, namely centralized and distributed, for reactivity, responsiveness, utilization of resources, communication overhead, sustainability, scalability, robustness and modifiability. It also establishes the relationship between the social attitude of an agent towards the other agents and fairness of resource distribution in distributed architecture. This evaluation helps in building knowledge for choosing the optimal multi agent based call admission and channel borrowing schemes, along with the most suitable service architecture for the required QoS and traffic conditions.

  12. Internal Performance Measurement Systems: Problems and Solutions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Morten; Mitchell, Falconer; Nørreklit, Hanne

    2010-01-01

    This article pursues two aims: to identify problems and dangers related to the operational use of internal performance measurement systems of the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) type and to provide some guidance on how performance measurement systems may be designed to overcome these problems....... The analysis uses and extends N rreklit's (2000) critique of the BSC by applying the concepts developed therein to contemporary research on the BSC and to the development of practice in performance measurement. The analysis is of relevance for many companies in the Asia-Pacific area as an increasing numbers...

  13. Four positive periodic solutions for the first order differential system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Zhengqiu; Tang, Hengsheng

    2007-08-01

    In this paper, we establish the existence of four positive periodic solutions for the first order differential system by using the continuation theorem of coincidence degree theory. When our result is applied to a competition Lotka-Volterra population model, we obtain the existence of four positive periodic solutions for this model.

  14. Mobile Agents: A Distributed Voice-Commanded Sensory and Robotic System for Surface EVA Assistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clancey, William J.; Sierhuis, Maarten; Alena, Rick; Crawford, Sekou; Dowding, John; Graham, Jeff; Kaskiris, Charis; Tyree, Kim S.; vanHoof, Ronnie

    2003-01-01

    A model-based, distributed architecture integrates diverse components in a system designed for lunar and planetary surface operations: spacesuit biosensors, cameras, GPS, and a robotic assistant. The system transmits data and assists communication between the extra-vehicular activity (EVA) astronauts, the crew in a local habitat, and a remote mission support team. Software processes ("agents"), implemented in a system called Brahms, run on multiple, mobile platforms, including the spacesuit backpacks, all-terrain vehicles, and robot. These "mobile agents" interpret and transform available data to help people and robotic systems coordinate their actions to make operations more safe and efficient. Different types of agents relate platforms to each other ("proxy agents"), devices to software ("comm agents"), and people to the system ("personal agents"). A state-of-the-art spoken dialogue interface enables people to communicate with their personal agents, supporting a speech-driven navigation and scheduling tool, field observation record, and rover command system. An important aspect of the engineering methodology involves first simulating the entire hardware and software system in Brahms, and then configuring the agents into a runtime system. Design of mobile agent functionality has been based on ethnographic observation of scientists working in Mars analog settings in the High Canadian Arctic on Devon Island and the southeast Utah desert. The Mobile Agents system is developed iteratively in the context of use, with people doing authentic work. This paper provides a brief introduction to the architecture and emphasizes the method of empirical requirements analysis, through which observation, modeling, design, and testing are integrated in simulated EVA operations.

  15. An agent -based Intelligent System to enhance E-Learning through Mining Techniques

    OpenAIRE

    S.Prakasam; Prof.Dr.R.M.Suresh

    2010-01-01

    The growth of Internet has created new ways for education systems. Learners and teachers realize their pedagogic activities with less effort, time and money. Agent Based Intelligent System (ABIS) have proved their worth in multiple ways and in multiple domains in Education. In this paper the application of an agent-based IntelligentSystem for enhancing E-learning is introduced. An ABIS is a system that provides direct customized instruction or feedback to studentswithout the intervention of h...

  16. Formal requirement and architecture specifications of a multi-agent robotic system

    OpenAIRE

    Akhtar, Nadeem; Guyadec, Yann Le; Oquendo, Flavio

    2015-01-01

    One of the most challenging tasks in specification engineering for a multi-agent robotic system is to formally specify and architect the system, especially as a multi-agent robotic system is concurrent having concurrent processing, and often having dynamic environment. The formal requirement and architecture specifications along with step-wise refinement from abstract to concrete concepts play major role in formalizing the system. This paper proposes the formal requirement and architecture sp...

  17. Fault-Tolerant Consensus of Multi-Agent System With Distributed Adaptive Protocol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Shun; Ho, Daniel W C; Li, Lulu; Liu, Ming

    2015-10-01

    In this paper, fault-tolerant consensus in multi-agent system using distributed adaptive protocol is investigated. Firstly, distributed adaptive online updating strategies for some parameters are proposed based on local information of the network structure. Then, under the online updating parameters, a distributed adaptive protocol is developed to compensate the fault effects and the uncertainty effects in the leaderless multi-agent system. Based on the local state information of neighboring agents, a distributed updating protocol gain is developed which leads to a fully distributed continuous adaptive fault-tolerant consensus protocol design for the leaderless multi-agent system. Furthermore, a distributed fault-tolerant leader-follower consensus protocol for multi-agent system is constructed by the proposed adaptive method. Finally, a simulation example is given to illustrate the effectiveness of the theoretical analysis. PMID:25415998

  18. Cooperative control of multi-agent systems optimal and adaptive design approaches

    CERN Document Server

    Lewis, Frank L; Hengster-Movric, Kristian; Das, Abhijit

    2014-01-01

    Task complexity, communication constraints, flexibility and energy-saving concerns are all factors that may require a group of autonomous agents to work together in a cooperative manner. Applications involving such complications include mobile robots, wireless sensor networks, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs), spacecraft, and so on. In such networked multi-agent scenarios, the restrictions imposed by the communication graph topology can pose severe problems in the design of cooperative feedback control systems.  Cooperative control of multi-agent systems is a challenging topic for both control theorists and practitioners and has been the subject of significant recent research. Cooperative Control of Multi-Agent Systems extends optimal control and adaptive control design methods to multi-agent systems on communication graphs.  It develops Riccati design techniques for general linear dynamics for cooperative state feedback design, cooperative observer design, and cooperative dynamic output feedback design.  B...

  19. Biogeochemistry of fluoride in a plant-solution system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackowiak, C. L.; Grossl, P. R.; Bugbee, B. G.

    2003-01-01

    Fluoride (F-) pollutants can harm plants and the animals feeding on them. However, it is largely unknown how complexing and chelating agents affect F bioavailability. Two studies were conducted that measured F- bioavailability and uptake by rice (Oryza sativa L.). In the first study, rice was grown in solution culture (pH 5.0) with 0, 2, or 4 mM F- as KF to compare the interaction of F- with humic acid (HA) and with a conventional chelating agent, N-hydroxyethylenthylenediaminetriacetic acid (HEDTA). In the second study, F was supplied at 0, 0.5, 1.0, and 2.0 mM KF with an additional 2 mM F- treatment containing solution Ca at 2x (2 mM Ca) the level used in the first study, to test the effect added Ca had on F- availability and uptake. Total biomass was greatest with HEDTA and F- < 1 mM. Leaf and stem F concentrations increased exponentially as solution F- increased linearly, with nearly no F partitioning into the seed. Results suggest that F was taken up as HF0 while F- uptake was likely restricted. Additionally, F- competed with HA for Ca, thus preventing the formation of Ca-HA flocculents. The addition of soluble Ca resulted in the precipitation of CaF2 solids on the root surface, as determined by tissue analysis and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy.

  20. Modeling of Agile Manufacturing Execution Systems with an Agent-based Approach

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    Agile manufacturing execution systems (AMES) are used to help manufacturers optimize shop floor production in an agile way. And the modeling of AMES is the key issue of realizing AMES. This paper presents an agent-based approach to AMES modeling. Firstly, the characteristics of AMES and its requirements on modeling are discussed. Secondly, a comparative analysis of modeling methods is carried out, and AMES modeling using an agent-based approach is put forward. Agent-based modeling method not only inherit ...

  1. Multi-level and Secured Agent-based Intrusion Detection System

    OpenAIRE

    Sodiya, Adesina Simon

    2006-01-01

    Since Intrusion Detection System (IDS) has become necessary security tool for detecting attacks on computer network and resources, it is therefore essential to improve on previous designs. In past, many mobile agent-based IDSs have been designed, but there still exists some drawbacks. Some of these drawbacks are low detection efficiency, high false alarm rate and agent security. A multi-level and secured IDS architecture that is based on mobile agent is presented on this work to correct these...

  2. Exploiting multi-agent systems in realizing adaptivity in the mobile tourist domain

    OpenAIRE

    O'Hare, G. M. P.; O'Grady, Michael J; Poslad, Stefan; Titkov, Leonid

    2009-01-01

    Ongoing developments in an array of mobile computing technologies have rendered the deployment of intelligent agents feasible on lightweight computational devices such as mobile phones. This development extends the Multi-Agent System (MAS) paradigm to a new frontier, opening up significant avenues of research in intelligent mobile computing, amongst others. To demonstrate the potential of this approach, the practical realization of adaptivity in two classic agent-based mobile computing ...

  3. New Explicit Solitary Wave Solutions and Periodic Wave Solutions for the Generalized Coupled Hirota-Satsuma KdV system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENYong; YANZhen-Ya; 等

    2002-01-01

    In this paper,we study the generalized coupled Hirota-Satsuma KdV system by using the new generalized transformation in homogeneous balance method.As a result,many explicit exact solutions,which contain new solitary wave solutions,periodic wave solutions,and the combined formal solitary wave solutions,and periodic wave solutions ,are obtained.

  4. New Explicit Solitary Wave Solutions and Periodic Wave Solutions for the Generalized Coupled Hirota-Satsuma KdV System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Yong; YAN Zhen-Ya; LI Biao; ZHANG Hong-Qing

    2002-01-01

    In this paper, we study the generalized coupled Hirota Satsuma KdV system by using the new generalizedtransformation in homogeneous balance method. As a result, many explicit exact solutions, which contain new solitarywave solutions, periodic wave solutions, and the combined formal solitary wave solutions, and periodic wave solutions,are obtained.

  5. Design of an Agent Based Traffic-Information Collection System

    OpenAIRE

    Kenedy Aliila Greyson

    2012-01-01

    Currently, traffic congestions are common events in road networks of main cities in developing countries. It has been observed that, the size of congestion increases year after year. For traffic congestion management to work efficiently, sufficiently and accurately information are needed. In this research we present an alternative method using agent technology to collect and manipulate data so as to be used in optimizing the vehicle flow within the road networks. The objective is to design an...

  6. Multi-Agent System Interaction in Integrated SCM

    OpenAIRE

    Purohit, G.N.; Abdul Wahid; Ritu Sindhu

    2009-01-01

    Coordination between organizations on strategic, tactical and operation levels leads to more effective and efficient supply chains. Supply chain management is increasing day by day in modern enterprises. The environment is becoming competitive and many enterprises will find it difficult to survive if they do not make their sourcing, production and distribution more efficient. Multi-agent supply chain management has recognized as an effective methodology for supply chain management. Multi-agen...

  7. EPR's energy conversion system. Alstom's solutions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    ARABELLE steam turbines have been developed by Alstom to be used as the energy conversion system of light water reactors with high output power like the N4 PWR and the EPR. ARABELLE turbines cumulate 200.000 hours of service with a reliability ratio of 99.97 per cent. This series of slides presents the main features of the turbine including: the use of the simple flux, the very large shape of low pressure blades, the technology of welded rotors. The other main equipment like the alternator, the condenser, the moisture separator-reheaters, the circulating pumps that Alstom integrates in the energy conversion system have benefited with technological improvements that are also presented. (A.C.)

  8. Multi Agent System-Based on Case Based Reasoning for Cloud Computing System

    OpenAIRE

    Talib, Amir Mohamed; Elshaiekh, Nour Eldin Mohamed

    2014-01-01

    Cloud Computing is a new technology which use the Internet and central remote servers in order to maintain data and applications. The aim of this paper is to describe about Case Based Reasoning (CBR) which is based on Multi Agent System (MAS) and the implementation in Cloud Computing Environment to assist the Cloud Service Provider (CSP) to deliver a number of services to the cloud users according to their needs. The Introduction Section gives an introduction about Cloud Computing, MAS and CB...

  9. Iterative solution of high order compact systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Spotz, W.F.; Carey, G.F. [Univ. of Texas, Austin, TX (United States)

    1996-12-31

    We have recently developed a class of finite difference methods which provide higher accuracy and greater stability than standard central or upwind difference methods, but still reside on a compact patch of grid cells. In the present study we investigate the performance of several gradient-type iterative methods for solving the associated sparse systems. Both serial and parallel performance studies have been made. Representative examples are taken from elliptic PDE`s for diffusion, convection-diffusion, and viscous flow applications.

  10. Some problems of complex drive system solution

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kratochvíl, Ctirad; Heriban, P.; Houfek, Lubomír; Houfek, Martin

    Praha : Institute of Thermomechanics AS CR, v. v. i., 2007 - (Zolotarev, I.), s. 131-132 ISBN 978-80-87012-06-2. [Engineering mechanics 2007. Svratka (CZ), 14.05.2007-17.05.2007] R&D Projects: GA ČR GA101/06/0063 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z20760514 Keywords : drive system * mechanical basic Subject RIV: JR - Other Machinery

  11. Consensus of heterogeneous multi-agent systems based on sampled data with a small sampling delay

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this paper, consensus problems of heterogeneous multi-agent systems based on sampled data with a small sampling delay are considered. First, a consensus protocol based on sampled data with a small sampling delay for heterogeneous multi-agent systems is proposed. Then, the algebra graph theory, the matrix method, the stability theory of linear systems, and some other techniques are employed to derive the necessary and sufficient conditions guaranteeing heterogeneous multi-agent systems to asymptotically achieve the stationary consensus. Finally, simulations are performed to demonstrate the correctness of the theoretical results. (interdisciplinary physics and related areas of science and technology)

  12. CHARACTERISTIC SOLUTIONS OF MATERIAL FLOW SYSTEMS

    OpenAIRE

    Péter Telek

    2011-01-01

    There are many possibilities to create a material flow system depend on the specifications of the given process. Because of the differences they can not be designed by the same devices. To simplify the design, operate and control processes we have to use given, similar methods which can be determined for certain material flow structures. If we can define typical groups among the possible varieties the required methods can be described for these groups in a limited number. In this paper we try...

  13. Modeling Multi-Mobile Agents System Based on Coalition Signature Mechanism Using UML

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUNZhixin; HUANGHaiping; WANGRuchuan

    2004-01-01

    With the development of electronic commerce and agent techniques, multi-mobile agents cooperation can not only improve the efficiency of electronic business trade, but more importantly, it has a comprehensive applicative value in solving the security issues of mobile agent system. This paper firstly describes the mechanism of multi-mobile agents coalition signature aiming at the system security. Subsequently it brings forward a basic architecture of Multi-mobile agents system (MMAS) based on the design pattern of multi-mobile agents. The paper uses the diagrs_rn of UML, such as use case diagram, class diagram and sequence diagram to build the detailed model of the coalition signature and multi-mobile agents cooperation results. Through security analysis, we find that multimobile agents cooperation and interaction can solve some security problems of mobile agents in transfer, and also it can improve the efficiency of business trade. These results indicate that MMAS has a high security performance and can be widely used in E-commerce trade.

  14. Fast Conflict Resolution Based on Reinforcement Learning in Multi-agent System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PIAOSonghao; HONGBingrong; CHUHaitao

    2004-01-01

    In multi-agent system where each agen thas a different goal (even the team of agents has the same goal), agents must be able to resolve conflicts arising in the process of achieving their goal. Many researchers presented methods for conflict resolution, e.g., Reinforcement learning (RL), but the conventional RL requires a large computation cost because every agent must learn, at the same time the overlap of actions selected by each agent results in local conflict. Therefore in this paper, we propose a novel method to solve these problems. In order to deal with the conflict within the multi-agent system, the concept of potential field function based Action selection priority level (ASPL) is brought forward. In this method, all kinds of environment factor that may have influence on the priority are effectively computed with the potential field function. So the priority to access the local resource can be decided rapidly. By avoiding the complex coordination mechanism used in general multi-agent system, the conflict in multi-agent system is settled more efficiently. Our system consists of RL with ASPL module and generalized rules module. Using ASPL, RL module chooses a proper cooperative behavior, and generalized rule module can accelerate the learning process. By applying the proposed method to Robot Soccer, the learning process can be accelerated. The results of simulation and real experiments indicate the effectiveness of the method.

  15. An Approach for Autonomy: A Collaborative Communication Framework for Multi-Agent Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dufrene, Warren Russell, Jr.

    2005-01-01

    Research done during the last three years has studied the emersion properties of Complex Adaptive Systems (CAS). The deployment of Artificial Intelligence (AI) techniques applied to remote Unmanned Aerial Vehicles has led the author to investigate applications of CAS within the field of Autonomous Multi-Agent Systems. The core objective of current research efforts is focused on the simplicity of Intelligent Agents (IA) and the modeling of these agents within complex systems. This research effort looks at the communication, interaction, and adaptability of multi-agents as applied to complex systems control. The embodiment concept applied to robotics has application possibilities within multi-agent frameworks. A new framework for agent awareness within a virtual 3D world concept is possible where the vehicle is composed of collaborative agents. This approach has many possibilities for applications to complex systems. This paper describes the development of an approach to apply this virtual framework to the NASA Goddard Space Flight Center (GSFC) tetrahedron structure developed under the Autonomous Nano Technology Swarm (ANTS) program and the Super Miniaturized Addressable Reconfigurable Technology (SMART) architecture program. These projects represent an innovative set of novel concepts deploying adaptable, self-organizing structures composed of many tetrahedrons. This technology is pushing current applied Agents Concepts to new levels of requirements and adaptability.

  16. ASYMPTOTIC SOLUTION TO NONLINEAR ECOLOGICAL REACTION DIFFUSION SYSTEM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Nonlinear ecological species group singularly perturbed initial boundary value problems for reaction diffusion systems are considered. Under suitable conditions, using the theory of differential inequalities, the existence and asymptotic behavior of solution to initial boundary value problems are studied.

  17. Numerical Solution of Magnetostatic Field of Maglev System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaroslav Sobotka

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the design of the levitation and guidance system of the levitation train Transrapid 08 by means of QuickField 5.0 – a 2D program formagnetic electromagnetic fields solutions.

  18. Iterative solution of singular systems with applications

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Blaheta, Radim; Jakl, Ondřej; Starý, Jiří

    Berlin, Heidelberg : Springer-Verlag, 2014 - (Wyrzykowski, R.; Dongarra, J.; Karczewski, K.; Waśniewski, J.), s. 114-123 ISBN 978-3-642-55223-6. ISSN 0302-9743. - (Lecture Notes in Computer Science. 8384. Part 1). [Parallel Processing and Applied Mathematics - International Conference PPAM 2013 /10./. Warsaw (PL), 08.09.2013-11.09.2013] R&D Projects: GA MŠk ED1.1.00/02.0070 Institutional support: RVO:68145535 Keywords : singular system * symmetric positive semidefinite problem * stabilized preconditioned conjugate gradient method * GEM software Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics

  19. Radiological diagnosis systems - problems and solutions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An essential part of the work in a radiological diagnosis department is to produce the (written) physicians' reports. The majority is generally without any findings or ''normal pathologic'', only a minor part needs a special treatment. With respect to the quantity of this work, automation of the routine report writing was early attempted ley means of technical aids. Text processing systems and computers were used. The transition between these techniques is gradual. The article is limited to the use of computers in automation of report writing. (orig.)

  20. Iterative Solution for Systems of Nonlinear Two Binary Operator Equations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANGZhi-hong; LIWen-feng

    2004-01-01

    Using the cone and partial ordering theory and mixed monotone operator theory, the existence and uniqueness of solutions for some classes of systems of nonlinear two binary operator equations in a Banach space with a partial ordering are discussed. And the error estimates that the iterative sequences converge to solutions are also given. Some relevant results of solvability of two binary operator equations and systems of operator equations are imnroved and generalized.

  1. Development of a novel multi-agent based self-healing distribution systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsai, M.S.; Piclova, P.; Wu, W.C. [National Taipei Univ., Tapei, Taiwan (China). Graduate Inst. of Automation Technology; Chan, C.K. [Chung-Yuan Christian Univ., Chung-Li, Taiwan (China). Dept. of Electrical Engineering

    2008-07-01

    Most modern power distribution control centers are centralized in order to collect all necessary information in real time through communication sub-systems. During emergencies, decisions are made in the control center and actions are taken to remedy service problems. In this study, an Intelligent Multi-Agent System (MAS) based restoration planner was developed to take advantage of modern computer and communication technologies. The Java Agent Development Environment (JADE) was used to design the proposed MAS. Intelligent Agents (IAs) were installed inside switches on the feeders. Each agent handled only the information from the equipment on which it was installed. Each switch agent maintained local information and communicated with other agents to interchange information. Through communication channels, agents acquired the identity of tie switches and load capacity of adjacent feeders. When the necessary information was obtained, agents could make appropriate decisions and correct actions to resolve service restoration problems. The proposed system was capable of deriving a restoration plan through co-operation with many autonomous agents. The MAS was capable of finding a restoration plan based on limited information by using the distributed characteristics of the agent system. Since every switch had the same function, the IA program installed in every switch was the same and could be expanded to a larger distribution system without major modification. This design simplifies the maintenance and installation of software program to every switch and feeder. The proposed system will be tested using a real distribution system to validate the proposed plan and verify its performance. 6 refs., 9 figs.

  2. Multi-Agent System Supporting Automated Large-Scale Photometric Computations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam Sȩdziwy

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The technologies related to green energy, smart cities and similar areas being dynamically developed in recent years, face frequently problems of a computational nature rather than a technological one. The example is the ability of accurately predicting the weather conditions for PV farms or wind turbines. Another group of issues is related to the complexity of the computations required to obtain an optimal setup of a solution being designed. In this article, we present the case representing the latter group of problems, namely designing large-scale power-saving lighting installations. The term “large-scale” refers to an entire city area, containing tens of thousands of luminaires. Although a simple power reduction for a single street, giving limited savings, is relatively easy, it becomes infeasible for tasks covering thousands of luminaires described by precise coordinates (instead of simplified layouts. To overcome this critical issue, we propose introducing a formal representation of a computing problem and applying a multi-agent system to perform design-related computations in parallel. The important measure introduced in the article indicating optimization progress is entropy. It also allows for terminating optimization when the solution is satisfying. The article contains the results of real-life calculations being made with the help of the presented approach.

  3. Performance Consensus Problem of Multi-Agent Systems with Multiple State Variables

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hayashi, Naoki; Ushio, Toshimitsu

    A consensus problem has been studied in many fundamental and application fields to analyze coordinated behavior in multiagent systems. In a consensus problem, it is usually assumed that a state of each agent is scalar and all agents have an identical linear consensus protocol. We present a consensus problem of multi-agent systems where each agent has multiple state variables and a performance value evaluated by a nonlinear performance function according to its current state. We derive sufficient conditions for agents to achieve consensus on the performance value using an algebraic graph theory and the mean value theorem. We also consider an application of a performance consensus problem to resource allocation in soft real-time systems so as to achieve a fair QoS (Quality of Service) level.

  4. Almost periodic solutions for Lotka-Volterra systems with delays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Yanlai; Li, Lijie; Chen, Lansun

    2009-09-01

    This paper studies a general class of delayed almost periodic Lotka-Volterra system with time-varying delays and distributed delays. By using the definition of almost periodic function, the sufficient conditions for the existence and uniqueness of globally exponentially stable almost periodic solution are obtained. The conditions can be easily reduced to special cases of cooperative systems and competitive systems.

  5. Designing Integrated Product- Service System Solutions in Manufacturing Industries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Costa, Nina; Patrício, Lia; Morelli, Nicola

    2015-01-01

    Manufacturing firms are increasingly evolving towards the design of integrated product-service solutions but servitization literature does not provide specific guidance on how to design these integrated solutions. Building upon ProductService System (PSS) and Service Design (SD) approaches, this...... paper proposes an integrative method that joins PSS’s systems and network approach with the creative, human-centered, value cocreation approach of SD. The paper also describes the development and application of this method to the creation of integrated solutions for the laboratory industry, highlighting...

  6. Robust Stability Analysis of Nonlinear Switched Systems with Filippov Solutions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahmadi, Mohamadreza; Mojallali, Hamed; Wisniewski, Rafal;

    2012-01-01

    This paper addresses the stability problem of a class of nonlinear switched systems with partitioned state-space and state-dependent switching. In lieu of the Caratheodory solutions, the general Filippov solutions are considered. This encapsulates solutions with infinite switching in finite time....... Based on the theory of differential inclusions, a Lyapunov stability theorem is brought forward. These results are also extended to autonomous switched systems subject to polytopic uncertainty. Furthermore, the proposed stability theorems are reformulated using the sum of squares decomposition method...

  7. Multi Agent System Based Adaptive Protection for Dispersed Generation Integrated Distribution Systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liu, Leo; Rather, Zakir Hussain; Bak, Claus Leth; Chen, Zhe

    2013-01-01

    allowing islanded operation of distribution systems necessitates the adoption of adaptive protection methods for distribution systems. In order to improve the reliability and selectivity of protection for such kind of distribution systems, a coordinative adaptive protection based on multi agent system (MAS......The increasing penetration of dispersed generation (DG) brings challenges to conventional protection approaches of distribution system, mainly due to bi-directional power flow and variable fault current contribution from different generation technology-based DG units. Moreover, the trend of......) is proposed. The adaptive protection intelligently adopts suitable settings for the variation of fault current from diversified DG units. Furthermore, the structure of mobile MAS with additional flexibility is capable of adapting the changes of system topology in a short period, e.g. radial...

  8. Agent-based monitoring and alert generation for a home care telemedicine system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koutkias, Vassilios G; Chouvarda, Ioanna; Maglaveras, Nicos

    2002-01-01

    In the present paper, a multi-agent system is proposed, which can be integrated in the home care telemedicine system that was developed in the context of the Citizen Health System (CHS) European project, functioning as a contact center for diabetic and congestive heart failure patients. The objective of the multi-agent system is to provide a set of alert/notification mechanisms for the clinicians, helping them to classify the clinical condition of each patient. Therefore, despite the huge amount of data managed by the system, due to the daily use of the contact center's services, these alert mechanisms provide the clinician with an overview of the cases that need further examination and save him/her time from the trivial cases. The multi-agent system consists of different types of agents, each one assigned with specific tasks, which communicate with each other, in order to share knowledge. PMID:12463854

  9. Collective Machine Learning: Team Learning and Classification in Multi-Agent Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gifford, Christopher M.

    2009-01-01

    This dissertation focuses on the collaboration of multiple heterogeneous, intelligent agents (hardware or software) which collaborate to learn a task and are capable of sharing knowledge. The concept of collaborative learning in multi-agent and multi-robot systems is largely under studied, and represents an area where further research is needed to…

  10. Communication Model for a Process Planning System Based on a Multi-agent

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Tao; DU Juan; WANG Chun-yan; LI Yun-xia

    2012-01-01

    This paper introduces a process planning system communication model based on a Multi-agent and all levels of the communication process are in described in detail. The KQML( Knowledge Query and Manipulation Language) language communication is introduced emphatically using the communication performatives of the KQML language to achieve communication between the agents among the process planning.

  11. Applying Electronic Supply Chain Management Using Multi-Agent System: A Managerial Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haitham Al-zu’bi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In the electronic business environment, supply chain management must deal with globalization, proliferating productvariety, organizational barriers, and quick information sharing. Consequently, appropriate tools are needed to support supply chainmanagement. We believe that software agents are good candidates to overcome these challenges. In this paper, I propose MAS+SCM,which is a Multi-Agent System (MAS to support Electronic Supply Chain Management (E-SCM. The proposed model consists of aset of agents that are working together to maintain supplying, manufacturing, inventory and distributing. The main operations of thesoftware agents include: (1 receiving information from customer orders (2 check the inventory (3 make the production schedule (4issue the order of raw materials from the suppliers (5 receive the raw materials (6 production (7 deliver products to the customer.In addition to the interface agents and communication protocols among agents.

  12. Reference model based consensus control of second-order multi-agent systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper deals with the consensus problem of multi-agent systems with second-order dynamics. The objective is to design algorithms such that all agents will have same positions and velocities. First, a reference model based consensus algorithm is proposed. It is proved that the consensus can be achieved if the communication graph has a spanning tree. Different from most of the consensus algorithms proposed in the literature, the parameters of the control laws are different among agents. Therefore, each agent can design its control law independently. Secondly, it gives a consensus algorithm for the case that the velocities of the agents are not available. Thirdly, the effectiveness of the input delay and the communication delay is considered. It shows that consensus can be achieved if the input delay of every agent is smaller than a bound related to parameters in its control law. Finally, some numerical examples are given to illustrate the proposed results. (general)

  13. Avoiding the local-minimum problem in multi-agent systems with limited sensing and communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okamoto, Makiko; Akella, Maruthi R.

    2016-06-01

    In this paper, we consider a control problem for nonholonomic multi-agent systems in which agents and obstacles operate within a circular-shaped work area. We assume that agents only have limited sensing and communication ranges. We propose a novel control scheme using potential functions that drives agents from the initial to the goal configuration while avoiding collision with other agents, obstacles, and the boundary of the work area. The control scheme employs an avoidance strategy that ensures that the agents are never trapped at local minima that are typically encountered with most potential function-based approaches. A numerical simulation is presented to demonstrate the validity and effectiveness of the proposed control scheme.

  14. Implicit numerical integration for periodic solutions of autonomous nonlinear systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thurston, G. A.

    1982-01-01

    A change of variables that stabilizes numerical computations for periodic solutions of autonomous systems is derived. Computation of the period is decoupled from the rest of the problem for conservative systems of any order and for any second-order system. Numerical results are included for a second-order conservative system under a suddenly applied constant load. Near the critical load for the system, a small increment in load amplitude results in a large increase in amplitude of the response.

  15. AP1000 radiation monitoring system design and engineering solution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    It presents the design concept and solution, including system integration architecture, communication network design and monitoring software of Radiation Monitoring System in Sanmen and Haiyang AP1000 nuclear power plant. The design of AP1000 radiation monitoring system has been simplified comparing to general Pressurized Water Reactor. Radiation monitoring network is composed of the radiation monitoring computer system (CRPS-1000) and four kinds of radiation monitors through standard interface. The data of radiation monitoring system are monitored and managed by CRPS-1000. (authors)

  16. Use of a commercially available nucleating agent to control the morphological development of solution-processed small molecule bulk heterojunction organic solar cells

    KAUST Repository

    Sharenko, Alexander

    2014-08-12

    © the Partner Organisations 2014. The nucleating agent DMDBS is used to modulate the crystallization of solution-processed small molecule donor molecules in bulk heterojunction organic photovoltaic (BHJ OPV) devices. This control over donor molecule crystallization leads to a reduction in optimized thermal annealing times as well as smaller donor molecule crystallites, and therefore more efficient devices, when using an excessive amount of solvent additive. We therefore demonstrate the use of nucleating agents as a powerful and versatile processing strategy for solution-processed, small molecule BHJ OPVs. This journal is

  17. An agent-based decision support system for ecological-medical situation analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Sokolova, Marina; Fernández Caballero, Antonio

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents an architecture of an agent-based decision support system (ADSS) for ecological-medical situation assessment. The system receives statistical information in form of direct and indirect pollution indicator values. The ultimate goal of the modeled multi-agent system (MAS) is to evaluate the impact of the exposure to pollutants in population health. The proposed ADSS interacts with humans in real-time ?what-if? scenarios, providing the user with evidence for optimal decision ...

  18. An overview of coordinated control for multi-agent systems subject to input saturation

    OpenAIRE

    Xiaoling Wang; Housheng Su; Xiaofan Wang; Guanrong Chen

    2016-01-01

    Coordinated control of multi-agent systems has widespread application in engineering such as unmanned aerial vehicles and unmanned ground vehicles. Due to the fact that input saturation can lead a control system to deterioration and instability, a lot of efforts have been devoted to investigating this subject of great importance. The present article offers a survey of recent developments on coordinated control of multi-agents systems subject to input saturation. Some preliminaries about graph...

  19. A Dynamic Framework of Reputation Systems for an Agent Mediated e-market

    OpenAIRE

    Vibha Gaur; Neeraj Kumar Sharma

    2011-01-01

    The success of an agent mediated e-market system lies in the underlying reputation management system to improve the quality of services in an information asymmetric e-market. Reputation provides an operatable metric for establishing trustworthiness between mutually unknown online entities. Reputation systems encourage honest behaviour and discourage malicious behaviour of participating agents in the e-market. A dynamic reputation model would provide virtually instantaneous knowledge about the...

  20. Meta Learning in Multi-agent Systems for Data Mining

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kazík, O.; Pešková, K.; Pilát, M.; Neruda, Roman

    Los Alamitos: IEEE Computer Society, 2011 - (Boissier, O.; Bradshaw, J.; Cao, L.; Fischer, K.; Hacid, M.), s. 433-434 ISBN 978-0-7695-4513-4. [IAT 2011. IEEE/WIC/ACM International Conferences on Web Intelligence and Intelligent Agent Technology. Lyon (FR), 22.08.2011-27.08.2011] R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) 1M0567 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10300504 Keywords : MAS * meta learning * data mining * ontologies Subject RIV: IN - Informatics, Computer Science