WorldWideScience

Sample records for agencies distribute fund-raising

  1. Fund Raising for University Libraries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eaton, Andrew J.

    1971-01-01

    Library fund raising must be a cooperative effort involving library staff, development office personnel, faculty, president, trustees, and off-campus volunteers, and friends of the university. There are various sources of funds and kinds of approaches to donors which may be tried. Success is not assured, but the potential is great. (6 references)…

  2. Fund Raising in ARL Libraries. Kit 94.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Association of Research Libraries, Washington, DC. Office of Management Studies.

    In January 1983 the Association of Research Libraries (ARL) surveyed its members regarding their fund raising programs. A response rate of 85% (95 out of 113 libraries surveyed) was obtained. It was found that 85% of ARL member libraries had been involved in university-wide fund campaigns; that over 75% of the respondents had also conducted…

  3. Enti religiosi e fund raising: un binomio possibile (anzi, necessario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabio Franceschi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Contributo sottoposto a valutazioniSOMMARIO: 1. Premessa - 2. Il fund raising: inquadramento concettuale - 3. (segue Strategie, strumenti e tecniche di fund raising - 4. Il fund raising come fattore di potenziale sviluppo delle organizzazioni non profit - 5. Enti religiosi e fund raising: un binomio che necessita di essere consolidato (e potenziato - 6. Peculiarità dell’azione di fund raising degli enti religiosi - 7. Fund raising e aspetti economici e gestionali degli enti religiosi - 8. Considerazioni conclusive.Abstract:Religious organizations and fundraising: a possible combination (indeed necessary Fund-raising activities represent the principal livelihood and sources of growth and development for non-profit organisations. Fund-raising is, also, an increasingly important part of religious organizations life. Almost each of them engages in some kind of fund-raising activity, with the purpose of generating income to sustain the organization’s programs and activities. The present study analyzes the relationship between religious organizations and fund-raising activities: a correlation that always existed, but now calls for consolidation and improvement in order to allow religious organizations to achieve economic sustainability. Therefore, religious organizations should develop competency and capacity to design and implement fund-raising activities, through appropriate policies, tools and methodologies. In this perspective, the author examines all the facets of fund-raising activities related to the religious organizations sector and, more in general, the possible applications of business administration principles to the management of religious bodies (so-called “church management”.Parole chiave: enti religiosi; fund raising; sostenibilità economica; management

  4. The Role of Public Relations in a Successful Fund-Raising Campaign.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Michael F.; Bumgardner, Larry G.

    1991-01-01

    Pepperdine University's (California) 1980s fund-raising campaign was designed to raise overall institutional visibility, establish an image of quality education, improve institutional image in the business community, increase fund-raising momentum, and raise significant money for immediate capital needs. Theme, staffing, and advertising were key…

  5. A President's Guide to Fund-Raising Success: Relationships Are Key.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bornstein, Rita

    2000-01-01

    Stresses the importance of the relationship between the institution's president and its advancement vice president for successful college fund raising. Suggests that a successful external relations program requires expertise, loyalty, and reciprocity in this working relationship. (DB)

  6. FORMAZIONE, SOSTENIBILITA', FUND RAISING: DONARE PER LA CUSTODIA E LA SALVAGUARDIA DEL CREATO

    OpenAIRE

    BOLSIERI, FLORIANA

    2014-01-01

    Il lavoro di ricerca, che ha a tema i concetti di formazione, sostenibilità, fund raising nell’ambito della pedagogia dell’ambiente, si propone di articolare un itinerario di approfondimento sulle possibili connessioni euristiche tra il concetto economico di fund raising e il linguaggio pedagogico, con riferimento ad alcuni tra gli ambiti in cui si sviluppa l’educabilità della persona e ai connessi percorsi formativi. Dal locale al globale, ogni istituzione sociale affronta le rilevanti ambig...

  7. Educational Fund Raising: Principles and Practice. American Council on Education Series on Higher Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Worth, Michael J., Ed.

    This volume offers 36 papers on higher education fundraising. Major topics treated are the development function, foundations of fund raising, annual giving, major gifts, campaigns, corporate and foundation support, special constituencies, managing development programs, special considerations for institutions, and special considerations for the…

  8. A Literature Review of Higher Education Fund Raising%高教经费筹措研究综述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘红梅

    2015-01-01

    高等教育经费筹措的理论依据包括公共物品和外部性理论、市场经济理论、成本—收益理论、规模经济理论以及市场营销理论等。高等教育经费筹措的总体战略主要包括筹资对象多元化,筹资方式多样化,资金筹措与质量提升同步推进以及高等教育的市场化、产业化与国际化并举。高等教育机构筹资的具体措施则涉及四个方面,即确定重点募资目标、组建专门募捐团队、全面开展筹资活动以及与捐赠者建立良好关系。%The theoretical basis of higher education fund raising includes the theory of public goods and externality, the theory of market economy, cost-revenue analysis and the scale economy theory, the marketing theory and so on. The higher education fund raising strategies include the diversification of fund sources and funding modes, simultaneous promotion of fund raising and educa-tional quality, as well as the marketization, industrialization and internationalization of higher education. There are mainly four as-pects of higher education institution’s specific fund raising measures, i.e. determining the focus source of fund, setting up a special fund-raising team, carrying out comprehensive fund-raising activities and establishing a good relationship with the donors.

  9. 美国大气污染治理投融资机制研究及借鉴%Study on Investment and Fund-raising Mechanism of Air Pollution Control in U.S.A.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程玉

    2015-01-01

    Air polution control started in the 50’s of the 20th in U.S.A. At present time the U.S. government has formed a completely multiple investment and fund-raising mode dominated by public ifnance, with a sum of initiatives, such as green credit of ifnancial institutions, capital markets of fund-raising and emissions trading of pol utants. In order to ensure the promotion of the effective investment and fund-raising policies and measures, the U.S. government has established the special advisory agencies for fund-raising, and has deifned government’s liability in control ing the air pol ution, and has established the regional economic sanctions for those regions which do not fulifl the control plans. Drawing on the experiences of the U.S. investment and fund-raising, China could reform the tax system through initiatives innovation and establish the government-led multiple investment and fund-raising mechanism, so as to reply the heavy pressure of a great capital need in air polution control.%美国大气污染治理开始于20世纪50年代,目前已经基本形成了以政府公共财政主导、金融机构绿色信贷、资本市场融资、污染物排放权交易等多元化的投融资模式。同时,美国建立了较为完善的投融资保障性措施,设立了专门的污染控制资金筹集与咨询机构,并通过立法明确各层级政府的大气污染治理责任,对没有完成治理计划的地区实施经济制裁。借鉴美国大气污染治理投融资的经验,我国可以通过制度创新进一步改革税收体制,完善以政府为主导的多元化投融资机制,以应对国内大气污染治理领域面临的资金压力。

  10.  Fashion Mediators and Distributed Agency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sommerlund, Julie

     This paper discusses agency in aesthetic and cultural settings. It takes as its premise, that agency is multiple and diverse, and may reside in non-humans as well as in humans, and that agency is an effect a network - not the other way around. Thus, the paper forms a part of a recent and growing...

  11. [Effects of empathy on fund-raising activities on behalf of victims of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake, focusinig on the residents in the South Kanto area].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamamoto, Youichi; Yoo, Seonyoung; Matsui, Yutaka

    2015-02-01

    Fund-raising activities on behalf of victims of the 2011 Great East Japan Earthquake during the year after the earthquake were investigated in residents of the South Kanto area (N = 749), which is adjacent to the disaster area. The percentage of people that raised funds was 67.4%. We investigated the effects of the following on fundraising activities: demographic variables (sex, age, and educational background), trait empathy (empathic concern, perspective taking, and personal distress), former experience with fund-raising activities, effects of similarity to victims (e.g., experienced inconveniences because of the disaster, or had problems returning home), and psychological closeness to victims (e.g, have family members or acquaintances that suffered from the disaster, or that once lived in the disaster area). The results indicated that fund-raising activities were affected by former experience with fund-raising, similarity to victims, psychological closeness to victims, empathic concern, and being female. The relationship between fund-raising activities for victims and empathy are discussed.

  12. Fund Raising for Haiti

    CERN Multimedia

    Association du personnel

    2010-01-01

    Dear Colleagues, Following the devastating earthquake that hit Haiti on 12 January 2010, the CERN Management and the Staff Association are organizing a collection to help the victims. The money collected will be transferred to associations or bodies guaranteeing proper use of the funds, such as the Association Haïti Ecoles based in Cessy, which our Long Term Collections supported for several years. From today you can pay your donations into a special UBS account, indicating “Séisme Haïti” as the reason for payment . SWIFT : UBSWCHZH12B IBAN : CH85 0027 9279 HU10 6832 1 Account Holder : Association du personnel du CERN We are counting on the generosity of the CERN community to support the Haitian people at this very difficult time. Thank you on their behalf. Rolf Heuer Director-General Gianni Deroma President of the Staff Association

  13. 集资诈骗罪死刑废止问题的探讨%Researches on Abolishment of the Death Penalty of Fraudulent Fund-raising

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张贺凯

    2012-01-01

    In China, the using of death penalty in fund-raising fraud does not achieve its intended effect of crime prevention, and its reasonableness has also been doubted. Through analyzing the viewpoint of keep or abolish death penalty in fund-raising fraud crimes. We should reduce it step by step. And abolish all death penalty at last.%集资诈骗罪适用死刑并没有达到其预期的预防犯罪的效果,其合理性也受到了质疑。文章在对现阶段我国集资诈骗罪死刑存废观点进行分析后,得出应逐渐减少控制这一罪名死刑的适用,并最终废止。

  14. Study on Fund-Raising of Guizhou′s Private Enterprises%浅析贵州民营企业融资问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴琛琛

    2012-01-01

    民营企业是拉动我国经济增长的重要力量,由于我国金融体系、资本市场建设不完善,以及民营企业自身发展等影响因素,民营企业融资难已成为一个具有普遍性的问题。以贵州为例,通过对民营企业发展情况、融资现状及融资难的原因等进行分析,并提出了相应的对策建议。%The private enterprise is a major force to drive economic to grow.However,their difficulty in fund-raising has become a common phenomenon due to such factors as deficient financial system and capital market as well as the less-developed enterprise management.This article will analyze the current fund-raising situation,the reason why it is difficult to raise capital,and finally offer countermeasures,taking Guizhou′s private enterprises as an example.

  15. Measuring distributed leadership agency in a hospital context

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jønsson, Thomas; Unterrainer, Christine; Jeppesen, Hans Jeppe;

    2016-01-01

    and valid quantitative instrument that measures how much employees’ at all hierarchical levels are involved in concrete leadership activities in the hospital context. Taking a normative perspective we could show that Distributed Leadership – measured with the DLA-questionnaire – has positive effects......Purpose: The purpose of this study is to develop and validate an instrument that can measure Distributed Leadership as employees’ active participation in distributed leadership tasks. We designate this as the Distributed Leadership Agency (DLA). Methodology: Data were collected throughout all......, discriminant and convergent validity, and ANOVAs were applied to analyze group differences in DLA. Findings: The identified uni-dimensional questionnaire consists of seven items, as it is different from, but associated with, empowering leadership, organizational influence, attitude to participation and trust...

  16. Measuring distributed leadership agency in a hospital context.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jønsson, Thomas; Unterrainer, Christine; Jeppesen, Hans-Jeppe; Jain, Ajay Kumar

    2016-09-19

    Purpose The purpose of this paper is to develop and validate an instrument that can measure distributed leadership (DL) as employees' active participation in DL tasks. The authors designate this as the distributed leadership agency (DLA). Design/methodology/approach Data were collected throughout all departments and occupational groups at a merged centralized hospital setting in Denmark. A total of 1,774 employees from 24 hospital departments and 16 occupational groups completed our survey. Structural equation model and confirmatory factor analyses were applied to identify appropriate items and a test for measurement invariance, predictive, discriminant and convergent validity, and ANOVAs were applied to analyse group differences in DLA. Findings The identified unidimensional questionnaire consists of seven items, as it is different from, but associated with, empowering leadership, organizational influence, attitude to participation and trust in management. As theoretically predicted, DLA is positively related to self-efficacy, job satisfaction and innovative behaviour. Chief physicians, permanent employees and employee representatives scored higher on the scale than the rest of their respective counterparts. Practical implications The survey offers a method to assess a distribution of leadership agency in hospital organizations. Such assessment may provide a basis for organizational and leadership development. Originality/value The present study provides a reliable and valid quantitative instrument that measures how much employees at all hierarchical levels are involved in concrete leadership activities in the hospital context. Taking a normative perspective the authors could show that DL - measured with the DLA-questionnaire - has positive effects on employees' behaviour. PMID:27681024

  17. Terrorist Financing: Fund Raising and Fund Transfer%论恐怖融资的资金筹集与资金转移

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    童文俊

    2012-01-01

    打击恐怖融资对于国际反恐斗争意义重大。本文从资金筹集与资金转移角度系统分析了恐怖融资活动。恐怖融资的资金筹集包括从合法来源筹集资金、从犯罪收益获取资金以及政权支持处获得资金;恐怖融资的资金转移主要有通过正规金融体系、利用贸易部门和现金运送三种方式。%Counter terrorist financing plays a significant role in international counter-terrorist activity. The article systematically analyzes the fund raising and fund transfer of terrorist financing. Terrorist organizations raise fund from legitimate sources, including the abuse of charitable entities or legitimate businesses or self-financing by the terrorists themselves. Terrorists also derive fund from a variety of criminal activities, or from state support. Terrorists use a wide variety of methods to move money, including the financial sector, the physical movement of cash by couriers, and the movement of goods through the trade system

  18. 银行员工涉嫌非法集资法律问题及对策%The Legal Issues and Countermeasures of Suspected Illegal Fund-raising by Bank Employees

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨静挺

    2012-01-01

    In recent years, illegal fund-raising cases cause a series of social problems and contradictions,damage to the interests of the masses, and interfere with the financial order and stability. This article summarizes the performance types of suspected illegal fund-raising by bank employees,analyzes the causes of them, and proposes some sug- gestions to governance it.%近年来,社会上重大非法集资案件频发,引发一系列社会问题和矛盾,严重损害人民群众利益,严重干扰金融秩序稳定。本文9-J纳了当前银行员工涉嫌非法集资的系列表现类型,剖析银行员工参与非法集资的成因,提出治理银行员工参与非法集资的对策建议。

  19. 75 FR 36106 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Distribution of Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-24

    ... Federal Register (75 FR 16493) on April 1, 2010, allowing for a 60-day comment period. One comment was... Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset to Affected Domestic Producers (CDSOA) AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border...: Distribution of Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset to Affected Domestic Procedures. This is a...

  20. 78 FR 36560 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Distribution of Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-18

    ... Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset to Affected Domestic Producers AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border... of Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset to Affected Domestic Producers (CDSOA). This request for... concerning the following information collection: Title: Distribution of Continued Dumping and Subsidy...

  1. 78 FR 55280 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Distribution of Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-10

    ... Register (78 FR 36560) on June 18, 2013, allowing for a 60-day comment period. This notice allows for an... Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset to Affected Domestic Producers AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border...: Distribution of Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset to Affected Domestic Producers (ADPs). This is a...

  2. 7 CFR 249.14 - Distribution of funds to State agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Distribution of funds to State agencies. 249.14 Section 249.14 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SENIOR FARMERS' MARKET NUTRITION...

  3. Howard University Assembles Fund-Raising Juggernaut

    Science.gov (United States)

    Masterson, Kathryn

    2008-01-01

    As a dental student 35 years ago, Leo E. Rouse and his Howard University classmates learned to fill cavities and cap teeth by crowding around one faculty member and angling for a clear view of the day's demonstration. Today students at Howard's College of Dentistry, where Dr. Rouse is now the dean, get an unobstructed view of dental procedures…

  4. 韩国高速铁路投融资体制和运营管理模式%Investment and fund-raising system and operation mode of Korean HSR

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴迪

    2011-01-01

    研究韩国高速铁路投融资模式和运营管理模式,系统总结韩国高速铁路建设发展的特点和经验。韩国是通过引进国外先进技术并进行再创新的途径发展高速铁路,深入研究韩国高铁建设运营的实践经验,对于推动我国铁路现代化建设、实现高速铁路可持续发展具有重要的参考价值。%The article discusses the investment and fund-raising mode and operation and management mode by systematically summing up the characteristics and experiences of Korean HSR construction and development.Since Korea's HSR is developed through absorbing foreign technologies and re-innovation,thus research on the practical experience of Korean HSR construction and operation will be of great importance to the modernization and sustainable development of HSR in our country.

  5. Analysis and Evaluation of University Revenue Management and Fund-raising Capacity%高校收入管理与筹资能力的分析与评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张曾莲

    2012-01-01

      University revenue composes of funding and self-generated, as incomes demand increase and revenue funding reduce, university revenue management become more and more attention. Revenue is the economic basis of university engaged in teaching and research, income management and fund-raising capacity are great significance to university's long-term development. Size, structure and level of revenue are reasonable or not, how is financing capabilities, what are income factors, these issues are worth noting.%  高校收入由拨款和自筹构成,随着收入需求的增加和拨款收入的减少,高校越来越重视收入管理。收入是高校从事教学、科研的经济基础,收入管理水平和筹资能力对高校的长远发展意义重大。收入的规模、结构和水平是否合理,筹资能力如何,收入的影响因素有哪些,这些问题都值得深入探讨。

  6. 异化的P2P网贷平台与非法集资类犯罪%On the Alienation of P2P Online Lending Platform and the Illegal Fund-raising

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王林丽; 谢雨

    2016-01-01

    P2P network lending between individuals is a direct lending through the network, in essence, is a third-party network platform to connect personal funds for both lenders and borrowers. The supervision vacuum formed under separate supervisory system and the herd behavior in the P2P business has made P2P platform gradually alienated in order to adapt to our country's unique folk lending market. Now, there are three kinds of P2P platform in China, including intermediate service model, guarantee model and credit assignment model. It’s closely linked to illegal fund-raising.%P2P网络借贷是个体和个体之间通过网络实现直接借贷,本质上是连接个人资金借贷双方的第三方网络平台。 P2P网贷平台在中国的发展已偏离了最初信息服务中介模式,异化成线上、线下结合模式,担保模式,债权转让模式,与传统意义上的非法集资类犯罪紧密联系在一起。

  7. Research on the difficulties and countermeasures in the identification of fund raising fraud%集资诈骗罪认定的难点及对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董荣华

    2016-01-01

    集资诈骗罪是与我国社会经济发展相伴而生的一种新的金融诈骗犯罪。我国理论界及司法实践中对如何准确的认定集资诈骗罪均存在一定的争议。本文拟对集资诈骗罪在认定过程中存在难点予以研究并提出相应对策,以为司法实践提供有益借鉴。%Fund raising fraud is a kind of new financial fraud crime which is accompanied with the social and economic development of our country. China's theoretical circles and judicial practice on how to accurately identified financial fraud are controversial. On the crime of fraud exists to research difficulties and put forward the corresponding countermeasures in the process of recognition in this paper, that provide a useful reference to judicial practice.

  8. 21 September 2010 - Chairman of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission A. Parvez, CERN Director-General R. Heuer, Staff Association President G. Deroma, Ambassador to the UN Z. Akram (showing a symbol of the funds raised by CERN Staff for Pakistan)and Adviser for Non-Member States R. Voss.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2010-01-01

    21 September 2010 - Chairman of the Pakistan Atomic Energy Commission A. Parvez, CERN Director-General R. Heuer, Staff Association President G. Deroma, Ambassador to the UN Z. Akram (showing a symbol of the funds raised by CERN Staff for Pakistan)and Adviser for Non-Member States R. Voss.

  9. 基于市场化资金渠道的普通高校筹资问题探讨%Study Based on Market Capital Channel of Universities' Fund-raising Problem

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谷增军

    2011-01-01

    目前,教育经费的严重短缺已成为制约我国高校发展的一个关键因素,而普通高校的筹资渠道基本集中在财政拨款、学费收入和银行贷款上,高等教育的准公共产品性质、高校主体地位的变化决定了高校筹资必须走多样化道路。本文在分析普通高校多元化筹资方式的基础上,强调在筹资时应注意考虑筹资成本、优化筹资渠道、规避筹资风险以及选择最佳筹资时机,以保证我国高等教育健康、稳定的发展。%At present, the serious shortage of funds for education in Chinese universities have restricted the development as a key factor, and average fundraising channel of colleges basically focus on fiscal appropriation, fee income and bank loans, quasi-public product properties of universities, college subject status changes, which determine that the fund-raising must be diversified. Based on the analysis of diversified financing mode, this paper emphasizes on the financing cost, optimization financing channels, fundraising risk avoidance and choosing the best fundraising opportunity to ensure the healthy and stable development of China's universities.

  10. Ordinance on technical requirements and conditions of use of optical distribution networks of the Croatian regulatory agency - Analysis and outlook

    OpenAIRE

    Brusić, Igor; Kittl, Jörg; Ruhle, Ernst-Olav; Žuti, Vladimir

    2011-01-01

    In September 2010 the Croatian regulatory agency (HAKOM) put in force the ordinance on technical requirements and conditions of use of optical distribution networks. With this ordinance the Croatian regulatory agency is looking over the rim by proposing a rather technical approach for the rollout of optical access networks which will have significant influence on the deployment of next generation access networks (NGAN) in Croatia. The ordinance stipulates the requirements that have to be fulf...

  11. Model of health? Distributed preparedness and multi-agency interventions surrounding UK regional airports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warren, Adam; Bell, Morag; Budd, Lucy

    2012-01-01

    The liberalisation of the European aviation sector has multiplied paths of entry into the United Kingdom (UK) for the international traveller. These changing mobilities necessitate a reconceptualisation of the border as a series of potentially vulnerable nodes occurring within, and extending beyond, national boundaries. In this paper, we consider the border through the lens of port health, the collective term for various sanitary operations enacted at international transport terminals. In the UK, a critical player in the oversight of port health is the Health Protection Agency (HPA), which became a non-Departmental public body in 2005. A major part of port health is preparedness, a set of techniques aimed at managing, and responding to, emergencies of public health concern. More recently, certain jurisdictions have embarked on public health preparedness work across a number of different geographical scales. Using methods pioneered by the military, this form of 'distributed preparedness' is of increased interest to social science and medical scholars. With reference to case studies conducted in localities surrounding two UK regional airports following the 2009-10 H1N1 influenza pandemic, we consider the extent to which distributed preparedness as a concept and a set of practices can inform current debates - in the UK, and beyond - concerning interventions at the border 'within'.

  12. Constitutional Reflection on the Abolishment of the Death Penalty in Fund-raising Fraud%集资诈骗罪死刑废止的宪法学反思

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯韩美皓

    2016-01-01

    目前宪法学界对死刑存废的讨论,多从“死刑是否违反生命权或平等权保障”角度入手,鲜少将死刑制度或具体死刑罪名存废的合理性,置于宪法层面,进行整体考察。以《刑法修正案(九)》取消的集资诈骗罪死刑作为分析对象,从宪法精神、宪法原则及宪法规范三个层面对该罪死刑废止的合理性进行分析,进而归纳出判断死刑存废合理性的三个判断要素,即是否具有民意基础、是否侵犯生命权和是否违反平等保护原则。在此标准的考量下,我国应当选择“保留死刑、减少死刑罪名、限制死刑执行”的路径,加快对非暴力犯罪死刑的废止进程,同时限制死刑的实际执行数量,推动死刑改革的进程。%Nowadays, when considering the death penalty, most scholars discuss it under the aspect of"whether the death penalty will violate the right of life or the right of equality", while few scholars analyze the rationality of the death penalty system or the specific death penalty crime under the constitutional aspect. The author takes the crime of fund-raising fraud, which had been abolished by The Amendment (IX) to the Crimi-nal Law, as an example, and analyzes it from three aspects, including the constitutional spirit, the constitution-al principle and the constitutional norm. Based on these, the author summarizes three constitutional factors of judging the rationality of abolishing the death penalty. The factors are whether it has the public opinion basis, whether it violates the right of life and whether it violates the right of equality. Under these judgment factors, China should choose the approach of reserving the death penalty, decreasing the crimes of death penalty and restricting the implement of death penalty. It means China should speed up the process of abolishing death penalty for non-violent crimes, limit the actual execution of the death penalty, and promote the

  13. Marketing of Finland in German travel agencies and the main distribution channels used by German inbound tourists

    OpenAIRE

    El Fassi, Taoufik

    2014-01-01

    The objective of this thesis is to study the German tourism market for Porvoo City Tourist Office. The paper consists therefore of two research parts, both of the quantitative approach. The first focuses on German travel agencies and their experiences selling Finland. The second focuses on the preferred distribution channels for booking holidays, of German tourists. The goal was to provide the base for creating a marketing strategy. The theoretical framework of the paper introduces touri...

  14. 75 FR 16493 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Distribution of Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset to...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset to Affected Domestic Producers (CDSOA) AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border... Dumping and Subsidy Offset to Affected Domestic Procedures. This request for comment is being made... Continued Dumping and Subsidy Offset to Affected Domestic Producers (CDSOA). OMB Number: 1651-0086....

  15. 78 FR 2992 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Distribution of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-15

    ... rule was published on August 4, 2000 (65 FR 48108). The regulations imposed minimal requirements on the... consequence analyses (OCA) as well as other elements of the risk management program. On August 5, 1999, the...). The Act required the President to promulgate regulations on the distribution of OCA information...

  16. U.S. ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY'S EVALUATION OF EARLY WARNING SENSORS AND MONITORS FOR DISTRIBUTION

    Science.gov (United States)

    Since the terrorist attacks on the United States on September 11, 2001, the safety and security of the United States drinking water distribution systems has been reassessed. Several chemical and biological agents have been identified that could constitute a credible threat agains...

  17. 完善社区教育经费筹集机制的探讨---以常州社区教育为例%A Study on Community Educational Fund Raising Mechanism---Take Community Education in Changzhou for Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周月蓉

    2012-01-01

      Community education plays a significant role in the system of life -long education, which should get strong support from the government.Although community education in Changzhou started early , and has achieved a success, the effort in support of policy and funds does not match with the requirements of development in community education , as manifested in low input and deficiency of support channel .Related government departments should ensure the public finance to be the main channel of fund raising, and try their best to improve both the multi -channel fund-raising mechanism and integration mechanism of the community education resource, so as to provide the strong funds guarantee for the development of community education .%  社区教育是终身教育体系的重要组成部分,应当得到政府的大力支持,常州社区教育尽管起步较早,并取得了一定成效,但是政策和经费保障的支持力度与社区教育发展需求尚不匹配,主要表现为投入少、缺乏明确的保障渠道。政府相关部门首先要确保公共财政投入成为社区教育经费筹集的主渠道,在此基础上尽力完善社区教育多渠道经费筹集机制及社区教育资源整合机制,为社区教育的发展提供有力的经费保障。

  18. Pattern-Based Target Selection Applied to Fund Raising

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W.H.L.M. Pijls (Wim); R. Potharst (Rob); U. Kaymak (Uzay)

    2001-01-01

    textabstractThis paper proposes a new algorithm for target selection. This algorithm collects all frequent patterns (equivalent to frequent item sets) in a training set. These patterns are stored e?ciently using a compact data structure called a trie. For each pattern the relative frequency of the t

  19. Persuasive Fund Raising: The Psychology of Student Entrepreneurship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meussling, Vonne

    A curriculum designed for public relations students in a persuasion class at Indiana State University provided them with the theory of persuasion and then gave them the opportunity to apply the theory by doing volunteer work for a community client. The course has four objectives: (1) to provide students with entrepeneurial experience and practical…

  20. Tele-fund raising: what's it all about?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coren, S

    1998-04-01

    Now in its 12th year, Tele-Response Center Inc. raises funds and awareness through donor acquisition, renewal/cultivation and lapsed donor campaigns, direct mail follow up, special events, advertising sales for non-profit publications, and volunteer recruitment campaigns. PMID:10179033

  1. Building Common Knowledge at the Boundaries between Professional Practices: Relational Agency and Relational Expertise in Systems of Distributed Expertise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edwards, Anne

    2011-01-01

    The article develops an earlier account of relational agency ("IJER" 2005). Its starting point is a view of practices as knowledge-laden and emotionally freighted sites of purposeful and expert activity. Arguments therefore draw on cultural historical analyses of activities, practices and the institutions that shape them. Relational agency in…

  2. 从基金支大于收的对比中寻求平衡之策——基于新疆油田2014年基本医疗保险运行分析%Seeking Balance Strategy in the Contrast of Fund Expenditure over Fund Raising ---based on the operation of the basic medical insurance fund in Xinjiang Oilfield in 2014

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汤淑琴

    2015-01-01

    新疆油田基本医疗保险在费率和费基下调、基金收入减少,医疗费用过快上涨的情况下,参保人数稳中有增,医保付费改革、智能监控等机制创新初显效力.每年进行的基本医保运行情况量化分析,为下年度做好预算、实现平衡提供可靠依据.%Even under the situation of basic medical insurance having reduced premium rate, payment base and fund raising, and having quick increasing of medical expenditure in Xinjiang Oilfield, the number of insured has stably increased, and the mechanism innovation in the reform of insurance payment and in intelligent monitoring has shown initial effect.The analysis of the fund operation each year provides reliable basis for next year budget and fund balance.

  3. Diplomatic agency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adler-Nissen, Rebecca

    2016-01-01

    and advocacy. It analyzes how professionalization, legalization, personalization and popularization of diplomacy have shaped diplomatic agency including how international law, bureaucracy, public diplomacy and new information technologies have impacted the scope and content of diplomatic agency. Finally...

  4. Advertising Agencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moeran, Brian

    2015-01-01

    Advertising agencies are the most significant organizations in the development of advertising and marketing worldwide. An advertising agency is an independent service company, composed of business, marketing and creative people, who develop, prepare, and place advertising in advertising media...... for their clients, the advertisers, who are in search of customers for their goods and services. Agencies thus mediate between three different but interlocking social groups: industry, media, and consumers. The history of advertising is largely the history of the advertising agencies that have served the needs....... This article is concerned with the origins, early developments, organization, compensation arrangements, and accounts of contemporary full-service advertising agencies....

  5. Teacher agency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Priestley, M.; Biesta, G.; Robinson, Sarah

    2015-01-01

    with their environments (Biesta & Tedder, 2007). In this chapter, we outline the latter conception of agency, developing a conceptual model for teacher agency that emphasizes the temporal and relational dimension of the achievement of agency. Why does this matter? Recent curriculum policy in many countries heralds a [re......]turn to the centrality of the teacher in school-based curriculum development. In many cases, this renewed emphasis on teachers is explicitly tied to change agendas, with teachers described as agents of change. And yet such change agentry (Fullan, 2003) and teacher agency more broadly are often circumscribed by features...

  6. Agency Theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linder, Stefan; Foss, Nicolai Juul

    2015-01-01

    Agency theory studies the problems and solutions linked to delegation of tasks from principals to agents in the context of conflicting interests between the parties. Beginning from clear assumptions about rationality, contracting, and informational conditions, the theory addresses problems of ex...... agency theory to enjoy considerable scientific impact on social science; however, it has also attracted considerable criticism....

  7. Agency Theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Linder, Stefan; Foss, Nicolai Juul

    Agency theory studies the problems and solutions linked to delegation of tasks from principals to agents in the context of conflicting interests between the parties. Beginning from clear assumptions about rationality, contracting and informational conditions, the theory addresses problems of ex...... agency theory to enjoy considerable scientific impact on social science; however, it has also attracted considerable criticism....

  8. Transformative Agency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Majgaard, Klaus

    The purpose of this paper is to enhance the conceptual understanding of the mediatory relationship between paradoxes on an organizational and an individual level. It presents a concept of agency that comprises and mediates between a structural and individual pole. The constitution of this agency ...... is achieved through narrative activity that oscillates between the poles and transforms paradoxes through the configuration of plots and metaphors. Empirical cases are introduced in order to illustrate the implications of this understanding....

  9. Mutually Assured Survival: Library Fund-Raising Strategies in a Changing Economy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Browar, Lisa; Streit, Samuel A.

    2003-01-01

    Examines the current international economic disruption and its effect on scholarly and academic communities, including a shift in donor philosophy. Considers how academic and cultural institutions are reevaluating traditional areas of support; discusses implications for research libraries, including special collections; and offers suggestions for…

  10. Huaxi Group Planning to Integrate Guangxi Non-Ferrous Industry Through Fund Raising

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>Huaxi Group is planning to integrate the Guangxi non-ferrous metal industry after the completion of restructuring.Experts from the industry expressed the concern that Huaxi is likely to prepare for holistic listing for its main business upon the completion of restructuring so as to raise fund for the integration of non- ferrous resources in the Guangxi Autonomous

  11. College and University Codes of Conduct for Fund-Raising Professionals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caboni, Timothy C.

    2012-01-01

    Generation of voluntary support for colleges and universities has become an ever more important function that is key to the success of all postsecondary institutions. This is true even for public institutions, which have shifted from primarily focusing on alumni relations activities to executing billion dollar campaigns that equal those conducted…

  12. The Government Giveth and the Government Taketh Away: Federal Tax Law and Fund Raising.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holzman, Donald J.

    1982-01-01

    Tax laws' incentives and disincentives for charitable giving are outlined. Basics of charitable giving, partial property interests, gifts of future interest in tangible property, undivided interest gifts, ordinary income property, capital gain property, bargain sales, remainder interest gifts, estate tax, and valuation overstatement are discussed…

  13. Fund raising on the Internet: instant access to a new world of donors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hair, J D

    1999-10-01

    One advantage of having an online shopping village attached to your not-for-profit organization's Web site is it gets supporters used to contributing online. If a consumer is willing to purchase over the Web, it's only a short leap to putting donations more directly to work for a favorite cause. PMID:10724608

  14. Amphibian Distribution and Habitat, Situational Awareness & Common Operating Picture mapping tool for the Maly Emergency Management Agency (MEMA), Published in 2013, Not Applicable scale, Department of Information Technology.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Amphibian Distribution and Habitat dataset, published at Not Applicable scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2013. It is described...

  15. Distributed Structure Searchable Toxicity

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Distributed Structure Searchable Toxicity (DSSTox) online resource provides high quality chemical structures and annotations in association with toxicity data....

  16. Home Health Care Agencies

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — A list of all Home Health Agencies that have been registered with Medicare. The list includes addresses, phone numbers, and quality measure ratings for each agency.

  17. Technical Agency in Practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krummheuer, Antonia Lina

    2015-01-01

    The paper combines the discussion of technical agency and hybrid networks of Actor-Network Theory (ANT) with an ethnomethodological/conversation analytical (EMCA) perspective on situated practices in which participants ascribe agency to technical artefacts. While ANT works with (ethnographic......) description of hybrid networks in which human and non-human actants are granted agency without differentiating different kinds of agency, EMCA focuses on the member's perspectives and the situated construction of technical agency that is made relevant within an ongoing interaction. Based on an EMCA analysis...... of three video recordings of situations in which technical agency is made relevant by the human participants, the paper demonstrates different ways in which agency is granted to technical artefacts. Human participants can treat a technology as communication partner, as an active part (and actant...

  18. State Arts Agency Fact Sheet: Support for Arts Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Online Submission, 2015

    2015-01-01

    This national overview of state arts agency grants and services for arts education includes summary statistics and geographic distribution. The fact sheet uses data from Final Descriptive Reports of state arts agency grant-making activities submitted annually to the National Assembly of State Arts Agencies (NASAA) and the National Endowment for…

  19. Negative agency costs

    OpenAIRE

    Jacques Thépot

    2009-01-01

    Managerial opportunism is commonly considered as destructive for the parties involved in an agency relationship. Using a close formulation to Jensen and Meckling’s equity model, we consider an agency relationship between a manager and an investor. The latter is assumed to benefit from a market power through external funding opportunities. For high values of the prevailing rate of interest, we prove that the agency costs can be negative, either when the manager or the investor acts as the lead...

  20. Staff Acquisition -- Agencies

    Data.gov (United States)

    Office of Personnel Management — Job vacancy and organizational information from customer agencies sufficient to provide requested services: examining, strategic staffing, recruitment and branding,...

  1. Agency as responsiveness

    OpenAIRE

    ROY, Suryapratim

    2016-01-01

    In this article I seek to de-tether the idea of agency from the epistemic pursuits of philosophers and legal scholars working on adaptive preferences and moral responsibility. What is common to such scholars is a move away from conceptualising agency as individual acts of conscious deliberation. While I support a shift in the way agency is understood, I do not find in their work an account of locating and promoting agency as a primary good. For instance, while findings from various psychologi...

  2. 7 CFR 250.11 - Eligibility determination for recipient agencies and recipients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE GENERAL REGULATIONS AND POLICIES-FOOD DISTRIBUTION... (NCP) Program have a current agreement with the distributing agency to receive donated food...

  3. Constraints of philanthropy on determining the distribution of biodiversity conservation funding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Larson, Eric R; Howell, Stephen; Kareiva, Peter; Armsworth, Paul R

    2016-02-01

    Caught between ongoing habitat destruction and funding shortfalls, conservation organizations are using systematic planning approaches to identify places that offer the highest biodiversity return per dollar invested. However, available tools do not account for the landscape of funding for conservation or quantify the constraints this landscape imposes on conservation outcomes. Using state-level data on philanthropic giving to and investments in land conservation by a large nonprofit organization, we applied linear regression to evaluate whether the spatial distribution of conservation philanthropy better explained expenditures on conservation than maps of biodiversity priorities, which were derived from a planning process internal to the organization and return on investment (ROI) analyses based on data on species richness, land costs, and existing protected areas. Philanthropic fund raising accounted for considerably more spatial variation in conservation spending (r(2) = 0.64) than either of the 2 systematic conservation planning approaches (r(2) = 0.08-0.21). We used results of one of the ROI analyses to evaluate whether increases in flexibility to reallocate funding across space provides conservation gains. Small but plausible "tax" increments of 1-10% on states redistributed to the optimal funding allocation from the ROI analysis could result in gains in endemic species protected of 8.5-80.2%. When such increases in spatial flexibility are not possible, conservation organizations should seek to cultivate increased support for conservation in priority locations. We used lagged correlations of giving to and spending by the organization to evaluate whether investments in habitat protection stimulate future giving to conservation. The most common outcome at the state level was that conservation spending quarters correlated significantly and positively with lagged fund raising quarters. In effect, periods of high fund raising for biodiversity followed (rather than

  4. 医保基金征缴的精确管理%Precise Management in Medical Insurance Fund Raising

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭中和

    2014-01-01

    本文在分析医保基金缴费基数偏低、缴费人数偏低,并且中断缴费越来越严重基础上,提出加强医保基金征缴精确管理的措施。转变经办管理理念,提高服务质量和水平。从数据质量入手夯实管理基础,整合征缴资源,引入数理方法和精算技术,以及充分利用信息网络技术等手段,努力实现基金应收尽收和保持基金收支平衡。%Based on the increasingly severe situation of low medical insurance fund base, low number of insured person paying premium, and interrupting in premium payment, strengthening precise management of medical insurance fund is proposed. The management idea should be changed to improve the quality and level of service. Starting from improving data quality, intensifying basic management, integrating resources, introducing mathematical method and actuarial technology, and making full use of information network technology, etc, to achieve funds receivable and maintain balance are suggested.

  5. Community Group Involvement in a Fund Raising Project for a University Library: Examples from "A Trial for the Books".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Finley, Mary M.

    This paper describes a unique library fund raiser at California State University (Northridge). "A Trial for the Books" was a dog agility trial held on April 26-27, 1996 as a benefit for the university's Oviatt Library. The event was hosted by West Valley DogSports, a community group. The event raised approximately $2,500 for the library's…

  6. Interaction between target and mailing characteristics in direct marketing, with an application to health care fund raising

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bult, J..R.; van der Scheer, H.R.; Wansbeek, T.J.

    1997-01-01

    The major decision variables for the development of a direct mail campaign are the characteristics of the mailing and the characteristics of the tar ets receiving the mailing. Traditional direct mail research treats both aspects separately although a they are likely to interact. We present a new tar

  7. Risks and Guard of Fund Raising with Debt%负债筹资的风险与防范

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王金莲

    2003-01-01

    负债是企业普遍采用的筹资方式.有负债就会有筹资风险.负债筹资的风险既有来自于负债本身的因素,也有负债以外的因素.企业要树立风险意识,建立有效的风险防范机制,保持合理的资产负债率,制定出合理的负债财务计划,提高负债经营的效益.

  8. Agency from Beyond the Grave

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Peter Ole

    2016-01-01

    The article is a case study of the Lebanese artist Rabih Mroué’s documentary installation Pixelated Revolution from 2012. The work is based on the net-distributed mobile telephone recordings of sniper victims during the Syrian Civil War. Focus here is on the relation between factual and dramatic...... elements in what could be termed ‘the expanded field’ of documentary (Krauss). How does the artist frame the evidence? In which ways does this lend agency to the victims? And how are we challenged as spectators to these desperate documentations?...

  9. De nouvelles mesures de la performance financière et de la performance opérationnelle des réseaux de distribution : le cas des agences bancaires

    OpenAIRE

    Aude Hubrecht-Deville; Hervé Leleu

    2007-01-01

    Dans ce papier, nous proposons deux nouveaux indicateurs pour mesurer la performance opérationnelle et la performance financière des réseaux d’agences bancaires. Nous développons une approche alternative aux mesures classiques de productivité pour prendre en compte des effets de taille, d’environnement et de structure dans la comparaison des agences entre elles. Nous recourons à une approche non paramétrique d’estimation d’une frontière de production pour construire les indicateurs dans un ca...

  10. On Epistemic Agency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahlström, Kristoffer

    Every time we act in an effort to attain our epistemic goals, we express our epistemic agency. The present study argues that a proper understanding of the actions and goals relevant to expressions of such agency can be used to make ameliorative recommendations about how the ways in which we actua...... it comes to our freedom to express epistemic agency, more is not always better. In fact, less is often so much more.......Every time we act in an effort to attain our epistemic goals, we express our epistemic agency. The present study argues that a proper understanding of the actions and goals relevant to expressions of such agency can be used to make ameliorative recommendations about how the ways in which we...... actually express our agency can be brought in line with how we should express our agency. More specifically, it is argued that the actions relevant to such expressions should be identified with the variety of actions characteristic of inquiry; that contrary to what has been maintained by recent pluralists...

  11. The sense of agency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ritterband-Rosenbaum, Anina

    investigate the sense of agency. The central aspect of the thesis work was to understand if brain lesioned children, diagnosed with hemiplegic Cerebral Palsy (CP), have an altered sense of agency, and if this different experience has an influence on the feeling of control of their movements and their actual...... of their own movements. However this perception can be optimized by intensive training. More research has to be carried out to investigate if the sense of agency should be a greater part of rehabilitation for brain lesioned patients in order to improve functionality....

  12. Autonomy of State Agencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Morten Balle; Niklasson, Birgitta; Roness, Paul;

    NPM-doctrines states that ideal-type agencies should have a high level of managerial autonomy, while being controlled through result-based control instruments, like performance contracts. In this article, the authors present a first preliminary attempt to comparatively analyze the autonomy of state...... agencies in four Nordic countries: Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden. By using survey data from more than 500 state agencies in the four countries, the article analyses whether there is indeed a Scandinavian style of autonomy and result control and assesses which structural, cultural, and environmental...

  13. Uncertainty, rationality, and agency

    CERN Document Server

    Hoek, Wiebe van der

    2006-01-01

    Goes across 'classical' borderlines of disciplinesUnifies logic, game theory, and epistemics and studies them in an agent-settingCombines classical and novel approaches to uncertainty, rationality, and agency

  14. State Agency Administrative Boundaries

    Data.gov (United States)

    Kansas Data Access and Support Center — This database comprises 28 State agency boundaries and point of contact. The Kansas Geological Survey collected legal descriptions of the boundaries for various...

  15. Unmasking Children's Agency

    OpenAIRE

    Lancy, David F.

    2012-01-01

    The goal of this paper is to identify (unmask) and critique the movement to promote children’s agency as a cornerstone of research, care, education and intervention with children. The article makes a case that this movement is harmful to a scientific approach to the study of childhood, distorts or ignores key understandings of the evolution of childhood and culture. The article demonstrates that the agency movement is ethnocentric, classist and hegemonic representing the dominance of contempo...

  16. Youth Media and Agency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hauge, Chelsey

    2014-01-01

    This article addresses how capacity is conceived of and understood in youth media/civic education programming, and how beliefs about agency, development, relationality and youth manifests in the discourses, programmes, and practices of organizations operating youth media programmes. Through attention to a youth media and development programme in…

  17. Agency in Tarot

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elias, Camelia

    2011-01-01

    This essay looks at the cross between archetypal images and symbolic language as expressed in the iconography of tarot cards ranging from the Renaissance period to the turn of the 20th century. It is also an example of how the idea of agency can be both analyzed and applied simultaneously in...

  18. Sequential Common Agency

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Prat, A.; Rustichini, A.

    1998-01-01

    In a common agency game a set of principals promises monetary transfers to an agent which depend on the action he will take. The agent then chooses the action, and is paid the corresponding transfers. Principals announce their transfers simultaneously. This game has many equilibria; Bernheim and Whi

  19. Anselm's logic of agency

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    S.L. Uckelman

    2009-01-01

    The origins of treating agency as a modal concept go back at least to the 11th century when Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury, provided a modal explication of the Latin facere ‘to do’, which can be formalized within the context of modern modal logic and neighborhood semantics. The agentive logic indu

  20. Agency, time and causality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas eWidlok

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Cognitive Scientists interested in causal cognition increasingly search for evidence from non-WEIRD people but find only very few cross-cultural studies that specifically target causal cognition. This article suggests how information about causality can be retrieved from ethnographic monographs, specifically from ethnographies that discuss agency and concepts of time. Many apparent cultural differences with regard to causal cognition dissolve when cultural extensions of agency and personhood to non-humans are taken into account. At the same time considerable variability remains when we include notions of time, linearity and sequence. The article focuses on ethnographic case studies from Africa but provides a more general perspective on the role of ethnography in research on the diversity and universality of causal cognition.

  1. 31 CFR 20.645 - Federal agency or agency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Federal agency or agency. 20.645 Section 20.645 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury GOVERNMENTWIDE REQUIREMENTS FOR DRUG-FREE WORKPLACE (FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE) Definitions § 20.645 Federal agency or...

  2. The Texts of the Agency's Relationship Agreements with Specialized Agencies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The texts of the relationship agreements which the Agency has concluded with the specialized agencies listed below, together with the respective protocols authenticating them, are reproduced in this document in the order which the agreements entered into force, for the information of all Members of the Agency

  3. 75 FR 61490 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; National Consumer...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-05

    ... distribution channels that have the greatest potential to influence the target audience's attitudes and... the agency and the entities it regulates is appropriately reaching targeted audiences in...

  4. Paraprofessionals in Public Rehabilitation Agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salomone, Paul R.

    At the outset, social service agencies and numerous public agencies initiated as a result of the Economic Opportunities Act of 1965 were excluded from the scope of this paper. Several subtopics concerning paraprofessionals deserve consideration: (1) the need for paraprofessionals in public rehabilitation agencies; (2) the attitudes of…

  5. Distributed Structure-Searchable Toxicity Database Network

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The Distributed Structure-Searchable Toxicity (DSSTox) Database Network provides a public forum for search and publishing downloadable, structure-searchable,...

  6. Final Report for DE-SC0002298 Agency Number: DE-PS02-09ER09-01 An Advanced Network and distributed Storage Laboratory (ANDSL) for Data Intensive Science

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Livny, Miron [Computer Sciences Department, University of Wisconsin - Madison

    2014-08-17

    The original intent of this project was to build and operate an Advanced Network and Distributed Storage Laboratory (ANDSL) for Data Intensive Science that will prepare the Open Science Grid (OSG) community for a new generation of wide area communication capabilities operating at a 100Gb rate. Given the significant cut in our proposed budget we changed the scope of the ANDSL to focus on the software aspects of the laboratory – workload generators and monitoring tools and on the offering of experimental data to the ANI project. The main contributions of our work are twofold: early end-user input and experimental data to the ANI project and software tools for conducting large scale end-to-end data placement experiments.

  7. 2013 Distributed Wind Market Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Orrell, Alice C.; Rhoads-Weaver, H. E.; Flowers, Larry T.; Gagne, Matthew N.; Pro, Boyd H.; Foster, Nikolas AF

    2014-08-20

    The purpose of this report is to quantify and summarize the 2013 U.S. distributed wind market to help plan and guide future investments and decisions by industry stakeholders, utilities, state and federal agencies, and other interested parties.

  8. Nuclear Energy Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The OECD Nuclear Energy Agency (NEA) was established on 1 February 1958 under the name of the OEEC European Nuclear Energy Agency. It received its present designation on 20 April 1972, when Japan became its first non-European full Member. Now, NEA membership consists of 28 OECD Member countries, i.e. Australia, Austria, Belgium, Canada, Czech Republic, Denmark, Finland, France, Germany, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Luxembourg, Mexico, the Netherlands, Norway, Portugal, Republic of Korea, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Turkey, the United Kingdom and the United States of America. The NEA is the only intergovernmental nuclear energy organization which brings together developed countries of North America, Europe and the Asia-Pacific region in a small, non-political forum with a relatively narrow, technical focus. - NEA membership represents much of the world's best nuclear expertise; - By pooling this expertise, the NEA provides each Member access to the substantial experience of others and an opportunity to substantially leverage its resources in this field; - Homogeneity of NEA membership makes possible a like-minded approach to problems, a climate of mutual trust and collaboration, the full exchange of experience, and a frank assessment of issues; - The NEA is relatively unfettered by political and bureaucratic constraints, and is able to focus effectively on the specific needs of its Members; - NEA scientific and technical work is in the forefront of knowledge and is known for its depth; - The NEA publishes consensus positions on key issues, providing Member countries with credible references; - The NEA is cost effective. It operates with a small staff, relying on Member country experts, and provides significant added value; - The NEA's system of standing technical committees enables the Agency to be flexible and responsive; - NEA joint projects and information exchange programmes enable interested Members and non-members to join forces in carrying

  9. Motivation of managers assigned to a Federal agency towards participation in government-sponsored training

    OpenAIRE

    Nason, Alan Barry

    1998-01-01

    MOTIVATION OF MANAGERS ASSIGNED TO A FEDERAL AGENCY TOWARDS PARTICIPATION IN GOVERNMENT-SPONSORED TRAINING Alan B. Nason (ABSTRACT) This study examined the motivations of managers in a Federal government agency to participate or not participate in voluntary government-sponsored training. The researcher distributed a questionnaire, via agency electronic mail, to managers and supervisors in the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA). The questionnaire comprised items selected f...

  10. Agency is Distinct from Autonomy

    OpenAIRE

    Fred Cummins

    2014-01-01

    Both autonomy and agency play central roles in the emerging enactive vocabulary. Although some treat these concepts as practically synonymous, others have sought to be more explicit about the conditions required for agency over and above autonomy. I attempt to be self-conscious about the role of the observer (or scientist) in such discussions, and emphasise that the concept of agency, in particular, is deeply entwined with the nature of the observer and the framing of the observation. This is...

  11. Japan Sports Arbitration Agency (JSAA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekaterina P. Rusakova

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article author analyzes the activities of Japan Sports Arbitration Agency. Author considers the goals, objectives and procedure for dealing with disputes relating to the use of performance-enhancing drugs by athletes. Author study the regulation of Japan Sports Arbitration Agency, to resolve disputes relating to the use of doping, as well as the procedure for application and acceptance of its agency, the choice of arbitrators, counterclaim, protection of evidence.

  12. Copyright agencies in Beijing, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PEI; Yonggang; WANG; Jingui

    2009-01-01

    Based on a study of copyright agencies in Beijing area,this paper reviews the historical development of the work of copyright agencies and their agents.It analyzes their business related problems that these copyright agencies and agents are facing today.This paper also proposes a few remedial measures that may usher this copyright industry into a more sustainable development and also with a more promising outlook.

  13. The members of the Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The new members since the last list of Member States of the Agency was issued (INFCIRC/2/Rev.42) are: Armenia, Coratia, the Czech Republic, Lithuania, the Marshall Islands, the Slovak Republic and Uzbekistan. The Attachment to the circular shows the dates on which the 120 States became members of the Agency, as well as those States whose application for membership of the Agency was approved by the General Conference, but who have not yet deposited an instrument of acceptance of the Statute

  14. Managing Suspicious Activity Reporting Systems at Small Agency Police Departments

    OpenAIRE

    Roberts, Bryan A.

    2012-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited Law enforcement agencies have managed anonymous tip line programs for decades whereby community members can submit suspected criminal activity to their local law enforcement agency. As a result of the increasing threat of terrorism in the United States, suspicious activity reporting programs (SAR) accompany the traditional anonymous tip line. SARs include the reporting of suspicious behavior related to terrorism, as well as other crimi...

  15. An Intelligent Agency Framework to Realize Adaptive System Management

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FU Yu; SHEN Jun-yi; FENG Zhong-hui; WANG Yong

    2007-01-01

    In order to realize the required scalable and adaptive system management, an interactive intelligent agency framework, iSMAcy (intelligent System Management Agency), is proposed as an integrated solution to realize distributed autonomous system management. Firstly, it is a multiagent platform that supports inter-agent communication and cooperation. Secondly, the functional agents are based on intentional agent architecture that achieves balance between goal-directed behavior and situated reactive action. An example of applying the iSMAcy system to a network management environment has been described to illustrate and validate the scalable and adaptive management capability of the intelligent agency framework.

  16. 75 FR 51058 - Web-Distributed Labeling User Acceptance Pilot

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-18

    ... AGENCY Web-Distributed Labeling User Acceptance Pilot AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA... announcing its intention to conduct a web- distributed labeling ``User Acceptance Pilot'' and is soliciting interest from entities potentially willing to participate in this pilot program. Through the...

  17. Translation in Global News Agencies

    OpenAIRE

    Ben Othman, Zeineb

    2012-01-01

    The work is divided into two parts. The 1st part is the translation of Chapter One "Power language and translation" and the Chapter Four "Translation in Global News Agencies". The 2nd part is about the characteristics and theories of translation particularly in News Agencies and Institutions as well as the difficulties I found in the translation of a specialized book.

  18. The Members of the Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document lists the 136 Member States of the Agency as of 6 May 2003. The new Members since the last issue of the list (INFCIRC/2/57) are Eritrea and the Republic of Seychelles. Cambodia withdrew from the Agency with effect from 26 March 2003. The dates on which the present 136 Member States became Members are given in an Attachment. It also shows the States whose application for membership of the Agency has been approved by the General Conference but which has not yet deposited an instrument of acceptance of the Statute

  19. The Agency's accounts for 1968

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    General Fund A. Operational programme - 1968: Summary statement for General Fund and Operating Funds as at 31 December 1968 1. Status of funds as at 31 December 1968 2. Summary of obligations and expenditures during 1968 3. Summary of assets and liabilities as at 31 December 1968 B. Operating Fund I: Summary of funds available, obligations and expenditures during 1968 and unobligated balance as at 31 December 1968 C. Operating Fund II: Summary of obligations and expenditures during 1968 and unliquidated obligations by recipient Member States as at 31 December 1968 IV. Special Account: Central Funds-in-Trust Technical Assistance Programme for the Democratic Republic of the Congo: Status of funds as at 31 December 1968 V. Special Account: Saudi Arabian Project Trust Fund: Status of funds as at 31 December 1968 VI. Special Account: Joint research programme of the Agency and the United States Atomic Energy Commission: Status of funds as at 31 December 1968 VII. Special Account: Special fellowships offered by the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics: Status of funds as at 31 December 1968 VIII. Special Account: Venezuelan Project Trust Fund: Status of funds as at 31 December 1968 IX. United Nations Development Programme: Technical Assistance A. Status of funds as at 31 December 1968 B. Obligations incurred: Project costs for the period 1 January to 31 December 1968 X. United Nations Development Programme: Special Fund A. Status of funds for the year ended 31 December 1968 B. Special Fund Executing Agency Overhead Costs: Status of funds as at 31 December 1968 SCHEDULES A. Current accounts and deposit accounts at banks as at 31 December 1968 1. Current accounts at banks 2. Deposit accounts at banks B. Outstanding contributions due from Member States 1. Outstanding contributions to prior years' Regular Budgets as at 31 December 1968 2. Voluntary contributions pledged to the General Fund for 1965, 1966 and 1967, and outstanding as at 31 December 1968 C. Member States

  20. Cost recovery by Government agencies

    OpenAIRE

    Productivity Commission

    2002-01-01

    The Commonwealth Government asked the Productivity Commisison to review cost recovery arrangements across the Government's regulatory,administrative and information agencies,and to develop guidelines for the future application of cost recovery.

  1. HUD Approved Housing Counseling Agencies

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — HUD sponsors housing counseling agencies throughout the country that can provide advice on buying a home, renting, defaults, foreclosures, and credit issues. This...

  2. European Space Agency Sentinel-2

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — The Sentinel-2A satellite is operated by the European Space Agency (ESA). The Sentinel Multispectral Instrument (MSI) acquires 13 spectral bands ranging from...

  3. Mexican agencies reach teenagers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brito Lemus, R; Beamish, J

    1992-08-01

    The Gente Joven project of the Mexican Foundation for Family Planning (MEXFAM) trains young volunteers in 19 cities to spread messages about sexually transmitted diseases and population growth to their peers. They also distribute condoms and spermicides. It also uses films and materials to spread its messages. The project would like to influence young men's behavior, but the Latin image of machismo poses a big challenge. It would like to become more responsible toward pregnancy prevention. About 50% of adolescents have sexual intercourse, but few use contraceptives resulting in a high adolescent pregnancy rate. Many of these pregnant teenagers choose not to marry. Adolescent pregnancy leads to girls leaving school, few marketable skills, and rearing children alone. Besides women who began childbearing as a teenager have 1.5 times more children than other women. Male involvement in pregnancy prevention should improve these statistics. As late as 1973, the Health Code banned promotion and sales of contraceptives, but by 1992 about 50% of women of reproductive age use contraceptives. The Center for the Orientation of Adolescents has organized 8 Young Men's Clubs in Mexico City to involve male teenagers more in family planning and to develop self-confidence. It uses a holistic approach to their development through discussions with their peers. A MEXFAM study shows that young men are not close with their fathers who tend to exude a machismo attitude, thus the young men do not have a role model for responsible sexual behavior. MEXFAM's work is cut out for them, however, since the same study indicates that 50% of the young men believe it is fine to have 1 girlfriend and 33% think women should earn more than men. A teenager volunteer reports, however, that more boys have been coming to him for contraception and information than girls in 1992 while in other years girls outnumbered the boys. PMID:12317721

  4. The Members of the Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document lists the 128 Member States of the Agency as of 18 September 1998. The new Member since the last issue of the list (INFCIRC/2/50) is Burkina Faso. In an attachment the dates on which the present 128 states became Members, and the state (Benin) whose application for membership of the Agency has been recommended by the Board of Governors to be considered at the 42nd session of the General Conference are given

  5. The Members of the Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document lists the 132 Member States of the Agency as of 1 June 2001. The new Members since the last issue of the list (INFCIRC/2/53) are Central African Republic and Azerbaijan. The dates on which the present 132 Member States became Members are given in an Attachment. It also shows the States whose application for membership of the Agency has been approved by the General Conference but which has not yet deposited an instrument of acceptance of the Statute

  6. The members of the Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document lists the 127 Member States of the Agency as of 1 January 1998. The new Members since the last issue of of the list (INFCIRC/2/49) are Malta and the Republic of Moldova. In an attachment are given the dates on which the present 127 states become Members, the state (Burkina Faso) whose application for membership of the Agency has been approved by the General Conference but which has not deposited an instrument of acceptance of the Statute

  7. Optimal demand execution strategy for the Defense Logistics Agency

    OpenAIRE

    Bogdanovich, Jeff; LaNore, Marc

    2014-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited The Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) updates its demand forecasts and creates orders to replenish aviation hardware inventory levels once each month. The current system creates cyclical shortages in demand planning staff due to monthly spikes in forecasting and purchase order activities. These staffing shortfalls could be reduced or eliminated if the workload were more evenly distributed over time. The project goal is to determine the op...

  8. Domestic disasters and geospatial technology for the Defense Logistics Agency

    OpenAIRE

    Nerg, Amanda; Stuckenschneider, Kristie

    2014-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited The purpose of this report is to analyze the use of a Geographic Information System (GIS) for the Defense Logistics Agency (DLA). The report found four common areas for improvement in Humanitarian Assistance Disaster Relief response. This report explored how using a GIS in disaster response could alleviate these common problem areas. This report also used an optimization model to analyze DLA quantitative fuel distribution data. This re...

  9. 49 CFR Attachment 3 - Offices Within Federal Agencies and Federal-State Agencies for Information Regarding the Agencies...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Attachment 3 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC.... Attachment 3—Offices Within Federal Agencies and Federal-State Agencies for Information Regarding...

  10. 76 FR 40677 - Farm Service Agency

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-11

    ... Farm Service Agency Information Collection; United States Warehouse Act (USWA) AGENCY: Farm Service... Act of 1995, the Farm Service Agency (FSA) is seeking comments from all interested individuals and...: Mail: Judy Fry, Agricultural Marketing Specialist, Commodity Operations Division, Farm Service...

  11. 78 FR 48871 - Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-12

    ... (FR Y-9LP). This report is designed to obtain basic balance sheet and income information for the... report (item 47) eligible retained income and (item 48) distributions and discretionary bonus payments to... FR Y-9, by any of the following methods: Agency Web site: http://www.federalreserve.gov . Follow...

  12. Child Geopolitical Agency: A Mixed Methods Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habashi, Janette; Worley, Jody

    2009-01-01

    This study examines the geopolitical agency of Palestinian children. Mixed methodology was used to identify the etiologies contributing to processes of political socialization. Both qualitative and qualitative methods are equally distributed throughout this research. Focus groups and interviews with 12 Palestinian children, aged 10 to 13 years,…

  13. Differentiating Agency Independence: Perceptions from Inside the European Medicines Agency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Levan Makhashvili

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The regulations granting the establishment of EU agencies were meant to ensure institutional independence in order to insulate everyday decision-making from political pressure, vested interests and political short-termism. However, recent events, including managerial resignations and the introduction of new rules concerning conflicts of interest, have brought renewed attention to the autonomy/independence debate. This article goes beyond the traditional de jure/de facto dichotomy of approaches to approaching the question of independence to consider perceptions of agency staff. It seeks to gauge the opinions of members of the European Medicine Agency’s Management Board with regard to agency autonomy, distinguishing between four types of independence: legal, financial, administrative, decision-making. It draws on data collected using questionnaires, and interpreted using the expert evaluation method, to rank the importance given to types of independence among sub-sets of stakeholders overseeing the EMA.

  14. Credibility Discourse of PR Agencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Isaksson, Maria; Jørgensen, Poul Erik Flyvholm

    2008-01-01

    This research examines the credibility discourse posted on the corporate websites of 60 British, Danish and Norwegian public relations agencies. The purpose was to determine the nature and patterns of the statements of credibility that PR agencies from different cultures have considered instrumen......This research examines the credibility discourse posted on the corporate websites of 60 British, Danish and Norwegian public relations agencies. The purpose was to determine the nature and patterns of the statements of credibility that PR agencies from different cultures have considered...... instrumental in establishing dependable and likeable images of their ethos. More specifically, the study seeks to establish whether there are distinct cross-cultural preferences in PR credibility discourse. Our assumption was that British and Scandinavian PR agencies assign similar relative importance...... to giving assurance of their expertise, trustworthiness and empathy, thus confirming our overall expectation that corporate credibility discourse is relatively uniform from a European perspective. However, contrary to our assumptions, the results of our study show that PR credibility discourse demonstrates...

  15. Loss of agency in apraxia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariella ePazzaglia

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The feeling of acting voluntarily is a fundamental component of human behavior and social life and is usually accompanied by a sense of agency. However, this ability can be impaired in a number of diseases and disorders. An important example is apraxia, a disturbance traditionally defined as a disorder of voluntary skillful movements that often results from frontal-parietal brain damage. The first part of this article focuses on direct evidence of some core symptoms of apraxia, emphasizing those with connections to agency and free will. The loss of agency in apraxia is reflected in the monitoring of internally driven action, in the perception of specifically self-intended movements and in the neural intention to act. The second part presents an outline of the evidences supporting the functional and anatomical link between apraxia and agency. The available structural and functional results converge to reveal that the frontal–parietal network contributes to the sense of agency and its impairment in disorders such as apraxia. The current knowledge on the generation of motor intentions and action monitoring could potentially be applied to develop therapeutic strategies for the clinical rehabilitation of voluntary action.

  16. Awe, uncertainty, and agency detection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valdesolo, Piercarlo; Graham, Jesse

    2014-01-01

    Across five studies, we found that awe increases both supernatural belief (Studies 1, 2, and 5) and intentional-pattern perception (Studies 3 and 4)-two phenomena that have been linked to agency detection, or the tendency to interpret events as the consequence of intentional and purpose-driven agents. Effects were both directly and conceptually replicated, and mediational analyses revealed that these effects were driven by the influence of awe on tolerance for uncertainty. Experiences of awe decreased tolerance for uncertainty, which, in turn, increased the tendency to believe in nonhuman agents and to perceive human agency in random events. PMID:24247728

  17. Agency-Hired Hotel Housekeepers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanon, Marie-Anne V.

    2014-01-01

    Hotel housekeepers experience unique workplace hazards and characteristics that increase their risks for poor health outcomes. Today’s agency-hiring practices may further marginalize hotel housekeepers and negatively impact their health. Yet the impact of such hiring practices on the health of this vulnerable worker group remains unexplored. This article presents the debate regarding agency-hiring practices and how these practices may influence the health and well-being of hotel housekeepers. Implications for occupational health nurses are also discussed. PMID:24512722

  18. The Members of the Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    No new Member has joined the Agency since the last list of Member States was issued (INFCIRC/2/Rev.45). The Attachment hereto shows the dates on which the present 122 Member States became Members. It also shows the State whose application for membership of the Agency has been approved by the General Conference but which has not yet deposited an instrument of acceptance of the Statute and the States whose applications for membership have been recommended by the Board of Governors for approval by the General Conference

  19. The Members of the Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document lists the 125 Member States of the Agency as of 1 September 1997. The new Member since the last issue of the list (INFCIRC/2/Rev.48) is Latvia. In an Attachment are given the dates on which the present 125 States became Members, the State (Republic of Moldova) whose application for membership of the Agency has been approved by the General Conference but which has not yet deposited an instrument of acceptance of the Statute and the States (Malta and Burkina Faso) whose applications for membership have been recommended by the Board of Governors for approval by the General Conference

  20. 利用众筹模式拓宽科研经费的筹集渠道%Expanding the channels of research funds raising through crowdfunding

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹振涛; 阎沭杉

    2015-01-01

    在我国,传统的科研经费筹集渠道往往存在经费不足、行政化色彩过强、学术自主性不够等方面的缺陷,这在一定程度上制约了学术研究的发展.通过充分运用最新的互联网金融技术,将众筹融资模式应用到科研经费的筹集环节,可以在一定程度上破解当前研究经费筹集过程中所存在的诸多问题.

  1. Fund Raising and Revenue Risk of Large Stadiums%大型体育场馆的融资及收益风险

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆歆弘

    2007-01-01

    通过对大型体育场馆的准公共物品属性的分析,探讨了其在现代社会适合的融资方式;并从场馆投资经营者收益的角度,分析了主要风险来源;针对不同风险,提出了预测方法及相应的管理方法.

  2. 40 CFR 166.25 - Agency review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Agency review. 166.25 Section 166.25... Health Exemptions § 166.25 Agency review. (a) General. The Agency will review all requests as... is needed. The Agency will review the application and other available data necessary to make...

  3. 14 CFR 1262.308 - Agency review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Agency review. 1262.308 Section 1262.308... PROCEEDINGS Procedures for Considering Applications § 1262.308 Agency review. (a) Within 30 calendar days of... applicant or agency counsel may seek Agency review of the decision; or, the NASA Administrator, upon...

  4. 22 CFR 901.11 - Agency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Agency. 901.11 Section 901.11 Foreign Relations FOREIGN SERVICE GRIEVANCE BOARD GENERAL Meanings of Terms As Used in This Chapter § 901.11 Agency. Agency means the Department of State, the Agency for International Development, the U.S. Information...

  5. 5 CFR 330.602 - Agency plans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... PLACEMENT (GENERAL) Agency Career Transition Assistance Plans (CTAP) for Local Surplus and Displaced Employees § 330.602 Agency plans. (a) Each agency will establish a Career Transition Assistance Plan (CTAP.... An agency plan will include: (1) Policies to provide career transition services to all surplus...

  6. 75 FR 78257 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Voluntary...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-15

    ... Discontinuance of Commercial Distribution of Cosmetic Product Formulation'' (Sec. Sec. 720.3 and 720.6). If any... Collection; Comment Request; Voluntary Cosmetic Registration Program AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration... solicits comments on the collection of information associated with the Agency's Voluntary...

  7. Harry Potter: Agency or Addiction?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, Alice

    2010-01-01

    This article considers limitations on agency for characters in the Harry Potter novels, in particular, how far they are driven by an addictive yearning for their beloved dead. As well as Harry's yearning for his dead parents, Dumbledore's guilt, Snape's longing and Slughorn's craving can be read as evidence of addiction rather than love, while the…

  8. Agency is Distinct from Autonomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fred Cummins

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Both autonomy and agency play central roles in the emerging enactive vocabulary. Although some treat these concepts as practically synonymous, others have sought to be more explicit about the conditions required for agency over and above autonomy. I attempt to be self-conscious about the role of the observer (or scientist in such discussions, and emphasise that the concept of agency, in particular, is deeply entwined with the nature of the observer and the framing of the observation. This is probably well known to enactivists, but runs the risk of being badly misunderstood if it is not made explicit. A heightened awareness of the role of the observer in the attribution of agency may allow us to make advances in questions in which progress is hindered by assuming a single split between subject and object. I argue that human experience is characterized by our embedding in webs of meaning arising from our participation in systems of many sorts, and that this richness demands a corresponding lightness of touch with respect to the identification of agentive subjects.

  9. Mediation of agency in teamwork

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ajslev, Jeppe Zielinski Nguyen

    2014-01-01

    In this contribution we examine the potentials of the construction gang as a frame for collegial handling of physical strain and pain in work. On a framework viewing social inclusion and a positive professional identity as dependent on the display of meaningful agency within the gang (team), we e...

  10. Hybrid Agency in Co-Configuration Work

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaakko Virkkunen

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available This article maintains that a new wave in the development of the productive forces of society triggered by the revolution in information and communication technologies is taking place. Production carried out by single organizations is increasingly replaced by forms of production that are based on close long-term collaboration between specialized firms. This transition reflects the increasing importance of research and development as well as collective learning in business competition. New information and communication technologies enable new forms of distributed and collaborative knowledge creation and learning. The article explores an emerging new form of innovation-oriented inter-firm collaboration called co-configuration and the new kind of dualistic agency it seems to be calling for. In this form of collaboration the traditional boundary between producer and provider as well as the boundaries between product development, sales and maintenance within the provider organization become blurred. The article presents a case of the development of co-configuration work in the provision of optimization software for pulp production. The case shows some of the contradictions involved in this new form of collaboration and the development of a new kind of object-oriented collaborative agency mediated through a real-time information and communication technological platform and uniting two processes of continuous development.

  11. 76 FR 46818 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Veterinary Feed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-03

    ... Collection; Comment Request; Veterinary Feed Directive AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION... on reporting and recordkeeping requirements for distribution and use of Veterinary Feed Directive (VFD) drugs and animal feeds containing VFD drugs. DATES: Submit either electronic or written...

  12. Differentiating Agency Independence: Perceptions from Inside the European Medicines Agency

    OpenAIRE

    Levan Makhashvili; Paul J. Stephenson

    2013-01-01

    The regulations granting the establishment of EU agencies were meant to ensure institutional independence in order to insulate everyday decision-making from political pressure, vested interests and political short-termism. However, recent events, including managerial resignations and the introduction of new rules concerning conflicts of interest, have brought renewed attention to the autonomy/independence debate. This article goes beyond the traditional de jure/de facto dichotomy of approache...

  13. Contracting and Performance in Agencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjørnholt, Bente; Houlberg Salomonsen, Heidi; Rennison, Betina Wolfgang

    As part of New Public Management (NPM), contracting represents a supplement to the traditional hierarchical and rule-based managing of relations between actors in order to improve performance (Fortin and van Hassel 2000; Greve and Ejersbo 2002; Drewry et al. 2005; Verhoest 2005). To various degrees...... higher goal attainment when agency head experience that the department balance dialogue and autonomy with some element of control in the process of internal contracting (Bjørnholt and Salomonsen 2011). This implies, that effective steering include a combination of decentralized management...... and how a balanced use of internal contracting leads to a better performance. These findings are then theoretically interpreted based upon a combination of literature on agencification as well as public management. We compare contracting across all Danish agencies based on a combination of survey...

  14. 77 FR 8860 - Pesticide Emergency Exemptions; Agency Decisions and State and Federal Agency Crisis Declarations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-15

    ... exemptions under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) for use of pesticides as... AGENCY Pesticide Emergency Exemptions; Agency Decisions and State and Federal Agency Crisis Declarations... Leader, Emergency Response Team, Registration Division (7505P), Office of Pesticide...

  15. 75 FR 38514 - Agency Information Collection Extension

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Agency Information Collection Extension AGENCY: Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice and request for comments... forms of information technology. DATES: Comments regarding this proposed information collection must...

  16. 76 FR 6470 - Agency Information Collection Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-04

    ... information technology, e.g., permitting electronic submission of responses. Overview of Information... the Department of Education (Office for Civil Rights) and the Department of Justice. Pursuant to... OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION Agency Information Collection Activities AGENCY: Equal Employment...

  17. 75 FR 81257 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-27

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Proposed Agency Information Collection AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, Department... information technology. DATES: Comments regarding this proposed information collection must be received on...

  18. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 1997

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  19. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 2008

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  20. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 2002

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  1. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 2007

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  2. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 2009

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  3. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  4. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 1994

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  5. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 2004

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  6. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 2003

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  7. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 2005

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  8. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 1999

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  9. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 1998

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  10. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 1995

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  11. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 1996

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  12. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 2001

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  13. Agency Full Time Equivalency Reporting System

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — AFTERS provides an automated means for the Agency to report its full time equivalency work years to the Office of Management and Budget (OMB) and Office of...

  14. 76 FR 38143 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-29

    ... Authority: These activities are authorized under the Solar Photovoltaic Energy Research, Development, and... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Proposed Agency Information Collection AGENCY:...

  15. 76 FR 54747 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-02

    ... activities are authorized under the Solar Photovoltaic Energy Research, Development, and Demonstration Act of... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Proposed Agency Information Collection AGENCY: Office...

  16. State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) 2006

    Data.gov (United States)

    Institute of Museum and Library Services — The State Library Agency Survey (SLAA) provides descriptive data about state library agencies for all fifty states and the District of Columbia. A state library...

  17. Managing a New Generation Marketing Agency

    OpenAIRE

    Nyström, Marika

    2012-01-01

    There is a new generation’s marketing agency operating in the Tampere region. This marketing agency distinguishes itself from other marketing agencies by offering a wider range of products including anything from graphic design to business consulting and design. The organization takes the customer’s comprehensive needs more into consideration and, in addition, operates as a consultant and a marketing partner. The marketing agency was founded in 2009 which makes it relatively new. Mainly ...

  18. Strictly Limited Choice or Agency?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nell, Phillip Christopher; Puck, Jonas F.; Heidenreich, Stefan

    2015-01-01

    the external pressures are joined by strong firm-internal pressures. Our findings contribute to the scarce literature on firms’ political strategies in emerging markets. They also support recent criticism of institutional theory’s strong focus on isomorphism as the most important legitimacy-conveying mechanism....... We argue that the isomorphism-based either-or logic gives way to stronger agency of the subsidiary and to a logic of active negotiation and social construction of the subsidiary’s legitimacy in the emerging market. Our findings show support for this idea as political activism is one such way how...

  19. 31 CFR 6.15 - Agency review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Agency review. 6.15 Section 6.15... EQUAL ACCESS TO JUSTICE ACT Procedures for Considering Applications § 6.15 Agency review. Either the applicant or agency counsel may seek review of the initial decision on the fee application, or the...

  20. 49 CFR 1016.309 - Agency review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Agency review. 1016.309 Section 1016.309... Agency review. In the event the adjudicative officer is not the entire Board, the applicant or agency counsel may seek review of the initial decision on the fee application, or the Board may review...

  1. US agency for international development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pumfrey, R.

    1997-12-01

    The author addresses the following questions in his presentation: what is USAID; where does the money go and who makes the decisions; where does USAID fund energy programs, and especially renewable energy; who are their `partners`; what is the approach to renewable energy; what in summary, has USAID funded that is relevant to village power. USAID is the foreign aid agency of the US Government. Approximately 75 countries receive regular assistance. The fiscal year 97 budget for the agency is approximately $5.8 billion. About half of the total budget goes to Israel, Egypt, and the countries of the former Soviet Union. These budgeting decisions are geopolitical. Congress earmarks total budgets for a few sectors or subjects, such as family planning. The goal of USAID`s renewable energy programs is simple: They are interested in accelerating the market penetration of commercial technologies. They do not engage in technology R&D. Developing countries have energy needs now, and commercial technologies are available now. USAID has taken note of the interest taken by subsidiaries of US utilities in the past couple of years in bringing their expertise and resources to bear on meeting the challenge of rural energy needs in developing countries. They believe that the entry into the market of these players could be one of the most important catalysts for making the rural energy revolution happen.

  2. 29 CFR 2703.2 - Designated agency ethics official and alternate designated agency ethics official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Designated agency ethics official and alternate designated agency ethics official. 2703.2 Section 2703.2 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) FEDERAL... agency ethics official and alternate designated agency ethics official. The Chairman shall appoint...

  3. Conceptualising the agency of highly marginalised women: Intimate partner violence in extreme settings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Catherine; Mannell, Jenevieve

    2016-01-01

    How is the agency of women best conceptualised in highly coercive settings? We explore this in the context of international efforts to reduce intimate partner violence (IPV) against women in heterosexual relationships. Articles critique the tendency to think of women's agency and programme endpoints in terms of individual actions, such as reporting violent men or leaving violent relationships, whilst neglecting the interlocking social, economic and cultural contexts that make such actions unlikely or impossible. Three themes cut across the articles. (1) Unhelpful understandings of gender and power implicit in commonly used 'men-women' and 'victim-agent' binaries obscure multi-faceted and hidden forms of women's agency, and the complexity of agency-violence intersections. (2) This neglect of complexity results in a poor fit between policy and interventions to reduce IPV, and women's lives. (3) Such neglect also obscures the multiplicities of women's agency, including the competing challenges they juggle alongside IPV, differing levels of response, and the temporality of agency. We outline a notion of 'distributed agency' as a multi-level, incremental and non-linear process distributed across time, space and social networks, and across a continuum of action ranging from survival to resistance. This understanding of agency implies a different approach to those currently underpinning policies and interventions.

  4. Collective allocation of science funding: from funding agencies to scientific agency

    CERN Document Server

    Bollen, Johan; Junk, Damion; Ding, Ying; Boerner, Katy

    2013-01-01

    Public agencies like the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF) and the National Institutes of Health (NIH) award tens of billions of dollars in annual science funding. How can this money be distributed as efficiently as possible to best promote scientific innovation and productivity? The present system relies primarily on peer review of project proposals. In 2010 alone, NSF convened more than 15,000 scientists to review 55,542 proposals. Although considered the scientific gold standard, peer review requires significant overhead costs, and may be subject to biases, inconsistencies, and oversights. We investigate a class of funding models in which all participants receive an equal portion of yearly funding, but are then required to anonymously donate a fraction of their funding to peers. The funding thus flows from one participant to the next, each acting as if he or she were a funding agency themselves. Here we show through a simulation conducted over large-scale citation data (37M articles, 770M citations) t...

  5. AGENCY PROBLEMS IN PUBLIC SECTOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gyorgy Attila

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Agency theory analyses the effects of contractual behaviour between two parties: principal(s and agent(s. This relation is inevitably characterized by information asymmetry because agent holds a substantially larger volume of information than the principal. Due the negative effects of information asymmetry for the principal, this should cover supplementary costs with monitoring agents and/or grant incentives. The first objective of this paper is to emphasize the effects of information asymmetry, particularly on adverse selection and moral hazard. The second objective is to evaluate the negative effects of information asymmetry and to assess the viability of solutions proposed by scholars for mitigation. The third objective is linked with personal contribution, respectively to highlight specificity of agency theory in public sector and the mechanisms of action in this particular field. In this paper, literature is mainly based on scholars’ contribution to the proposed theme. Little literature approaches agency theory in public sector, in most cases the analysis being restricted to general issues. Research methodology is based on synthesizing relevant information from literature and adapting them to public sector particularities. The results reflect some threats for public bodies in their contracting activity. Conclusions present also a set of solutions which could be used by public institutions to optimize their activity of mitigating information asymmetry’s effects. These solution guidelines could represent a useful instrument for make more efficient public money spending. Personal contribution and the novelty of this paper consist in presenting a new approach regarding mechanisms of managing information by agents. In case of public institutions, principals have more opportunities the take possession over the information managed by the agent. Nevertheless, agents can limit the principal’s access

  6. INDIVIDUAL AGENCY AND LIFE CONDITIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SERGIO TRUJILLO GARCÍA

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available As a result of the project Interpretación desde la Psicología de la calidad de vida y sus dimensiones en adultos mayores de losmunicipios de Soacha y Sibaté (Cundinamarca, Colombia [Interpretation from the psychology of the Quality of Life and itsdimensions in old age adults from the Soacha and Sibaté municipalities (Cundinamarca, Colombia] which had a theoretical modelcomposed for three axels (epistemological, ecological and temporal, emerged some tensions which constitute thequality of life dimensions of the elderly. In the present article one of those tensions is discussed: the one shaped bythe contradictions among the possibilities of the individual agency exercise and the precarious life conditions whichhad characterized the context of development of the old age participants.

  7. Othering, identity formation and agency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sune Qvotrup Jensen

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the potentials of the concept of othering to describe identity formation among ethnic minorities. First, it outlines the history of the concept, its contemporary use, as well as some criticisms. Then it is argued that young ethnic minority men in Denmark are subject to intersectional othering, which contains elements of exoticist fascination of the other. On the basis of ethnographic material, it is analysed how young marginalized ethnic minority men react to othering. Two types of reactions are illustrated: 1 capitalization on being positioned as the other, and 2 refusing to occupy the position of the other by disidentification and claims to normality. Finally, it is argued that the concept of othering is well suited for understanding the power structures as well as the historic symbolic meanings conditioning such identity formation, but problematic in terms of agency.

  8. Agency staff on special missions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The IAEA Secretariat includes 190 scientists and engineers whose special qualifications cover most of the branches of nuclear science and applications of nuclear energy. This gives it a unique international concentration of specialized skills and knowledge, but increasingly this know-how is being taken straight to Member States. While the nucleus of the work of the technical Divisions is at the IAEA Headquarters, the Agency is sending out more and more of its specialists for short-term assignments 'in the field' to help and advise Member governments. These assignments are distinct from the longer-term technical assistance projects, for which specialists are recruited from outside the Secretariat and only occasionally from its staff. he different types of help that the Agency's Secretariat gives to Member States covers a wide range of subjects. The legal staff gives advice on basic laws and on safety regulations, and has done so in 35 countries. It has also accepted more than 30 trainees from Member States to work in its offices at headquarters since 1961. Scientists, economists and engineers go out to Member States to advise on problems linked to the planning of nuclear power programmes or to the building and commissioning of their first nuclear power plants. Inspectors from the Department of Safeguards and Inspection help to set up systems of nuclear materials management and control which are essential for safe and efficient operation of nuclear plants and for governmental surveillance of nuclear industry. Specialists in nuclear medicine have helped calibrate instruments and to advise the setting up of clinics. Staff geologists have advised many countries about the development of uranium ore. he list of specialities covered is very wide. We have singled out one type of mission as an example of the help that the IAEA can give in a field of particular importance. This is the safety and siting mission. (author)

  9. Affective Coding: the Emotional Dimension of Agency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antje eGentsch

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The sense of agency (the registration that I am the initiator and controller of my actions and relevant events is associated with several affective dimensions. This makes it surprising that the emotion factor has been largely neglected in the field of agency research. Current empirical investigations of the sense of agency mainly focus on sensorimotor signals (efference copy and cognitive cues (intentions, beliefs and on how they are integrated. Here we argue that this picture is not sufficient to explain agency experience, since agency and emotions constantly interact in our daily life by several ways. Reviewing first recent empirical evidence, we show that self-action perception is in fact modulated by the affective valence of outcomes already at the sensorimotor level. We hypothesize that the affective coding between agency and action outcomes plays an essential role in agency processing, i.e. the prospective, immediate or retrospective shaping of agency representations by affective components. This affective coding of agency be differentially altered in various neuropsychiatric diseases (e.g. schizophrenia vs. depression, thus helping to explain the dysfunctions and content of agency experiences in these diseases.

  10. Distributed computing

    CERN Document Server

    Van Renesse, R

    1991-01-01

    This series will start with an introduction to distributed computing systems. Distributed computing paradigms will be presented followed by a discussion on how several important contemporary distributed operating systems use these paradigms. Topics will include processing paradigms, storage paradigms, scalability and robustness. Throughout the course everything will be illustrated by modern distributed systems notably the Amoeba distributed operating system of the Free University in Amsterdam and the Plan 9 operating system of AT&T Bell Laboratories. Plan 9 is partly designed and implemented by Ken Thompson, the main person behind the successful UNIX operating system.

  11. United Kingdom adoption agency Web sites

    OpenAIRE

    Fenton, Roger

    2004-01-01

    The United Kingdom made major changes in its law on child adoption in 2002. The government is also requiring central and local government agencies to provide more information to the public via the Internet. This paper investigates how U.K. local authority and voluntary adoption agencies present information about themselves and adoption on the Internet. It examines the Web sites of 30 U.K. adoption agencies in terms of 189 features of information architecture and information content, to see to...

  12. 77 FR 40879 - Agency Information Collection Activities OMB Responses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Agency Information Collection Activities OMB Responses AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency..., Destruction, Transhipment, and Feedstock Use of Ozone-Depleting Substances (Renewal); 40 CFR 82.13;...

  13. 75 FR 76004 - Agency Information Collection Activities OMB Responses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-07

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Agency Information Collection Activities OMB Responses AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency... without change. Comment Filed EPA ICR Number 2392.01; Fuel Economy Labeling of Motor Vehicles...

  14. Logic, planning agency and branching time

    OpenAIRE

    Ricardo Souza Silvestre

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to give a formal account of a kind of agency so far neglected in the field of philosophical modal logic of action: planning agency. In doing this we follow the standard approach of modal logics of agency exemplified by the works of Belnap, Chellas and Pörn. Since we believe there is a close relation between planning, time and indeterminism, we use the theory of branching time as a conceptual framework for investigating the basic features of planning agency. Beside...

  15. Mapping Concepts of Agency in Educational Contexts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matusov, Eugene; von Duyke, Katherine; Kayumova, Shakhnoza

    2016-09-01

    The purpose of this conceptual paper is to explore and map the "espoused theories" (Argyris and Schön 1978) of agency used in educational contexts. More precisely, we limit the focus on the normative view of student agency assumed within dominant school practices, desired by educational practitioners, leaving out non-normative emerging agencies such as student agency of resistance. Agency is a "tricky" concept, and often scholars who use the concept of agency do not define or operationalize it (e.g., Archer 2000). One reason is that there is no consensus among scholars about the notion of agency, especially when applied to educational contexts (Hitlin and Elder Sociological Theory, 25 (2), 170-191, 2007). Moreover, the recent neoliberal framing of individuals' agency as fully autonomous, flexible, and self-entrepreneur is adding the dilemma of agency manipulation in the sphere of education (Gershon 2011; Sidorkin 2004). To tackle this dilemma in educational contexts, we suggest to further interrogating the normative notion of agency in all its modes and develop a more nuanced conceptualization. We hope that such conceptualization would produce an understanding of the diverse manifestations and definitions of agency within a human ideal, educational content, behaviors, and social settings. We observed diverse uses of the normative term "agency" in educational discourse. We examined the term as used by researchers and practitioners. We also looked at the different ways it has been used in philosophical discussions of education, political framing of the civic role of schooling, disciplinary policy statements, school mission statements, and in everyday common use. It is worthy to note that our categorization of the use and meaning of the normative term "agency" depends on the scholars' epistemological paradigmatic assumptions, socio-political and historical situatedness, and ontological projects being translated into diverse scholarships of education. As a result of

  16. Mapping Concepts of Agency in Educational Contexts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matusov, Eugene; von Duyke, Katherine; Kayumova, Shakhnoza

    2016-09-01

    The purpose of this conceptual paper is to explore and map the "espoused theories" (Argyris and Schön 1978) of agency used in educational contexts. More precisely, we limit the focus on the normative view of student agency assumed within dominant school practices, desired by educational practitioners, leaving out non-normative emerging agencies such as student agency of resistance. Agency is a "tricky" concept, and often scholars who use the concept of agency do not define or operationalize it (e.g., Archer 2000). One reason is that there is no consensus among scholars about the notion of agency, especially when applied to educational contexts (Hitlin and Elder Sociological Theory, 25 (2), 170-191, 2007). Moreover, the recent neoliberal framing of individuals' agency as fully autonomous, flexible, and self-entrepreneur is adding the dilemma of agency manipulation in the sphere of education (Gershon 2011; Sidorkin 2004). To tackle this dilemma in educational contexts, we suggest to further interrogating the normative notion of agency in all its modes and develop a more nuanced conceptualization. We hope that such conceptualization would produce an understanding of the diverse manifestations and definitions of agency within a human ideal, educational content, behaviors, and social settings. We observed diverse uses of the normative term "agency" in educational discourse. We examined the term as used by researchers and practitioners. We also looked at the different ways it has been used in philosophical discussions of education, political framing of the civic role of schooling, disciplinary policy statements, school mission statements, and in everyday common use. It is worthy to note that our categorization of the use and meaning of the normative term "agency" depends on the scholars' epistemological paradigmatic assumptions, socio-political and historical situatedness, and ontological projects being translated into diverse scholarships of education. As a result of

  17. Logic, planning agency and branching time

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Souza Silvestre

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to give a formal account of a kind of agency so far neglected in the field of philosophical modal logic of action: planning agency. In doing this we follow the standard approach of modal logics of agency exemplified by the works of Belnap, Chellas and Pörn. Since we believe there is a close relation between planning, time and indeterminism, we use the theory of branching time as a conceptual framework for investigating the basic features of planning agency. Besides introducing a branching-time semantics, we also provide a calculus sound and complete with respect to this semantics.

  18. Agency Cost of Debt and Lending Market Competition: Is there a Relationship?

    OpenAIRE

    Koskela, Erkki; Stenbacka, Rune

    2000-01-01

    We address the question of how lending market competition, measured by the bargaining power of banks, affects the agency costs of debt finance. It is shown that intensified lending market competition will lead to lower lending rates and investment return distributions which are shifted towards lower, but less risky returns. Consequently, it follows that increased lending market competition will reduce the agency cost of debt financing. Hence, our analysis does not lend support to the commonly...

  19. Agency Cost of Debt and Lending Market Competition: A Re-Examination

    OpenAIRE

    Koskela, Erkki; Stenbacka, Rune

    2000-01-01

    We address how lending market competition, measured by banks’ bargaining power, affects the agency costs of debt finance. We show that the threshold for obtaining loan finance is independent of the relative bargaining power of the financier. Moreover, intensified lending market competition leads to lower lending rates and to investment return distributions with lower and less risky returns. Hence increased lending market competition reduces the agency cost of debt financing. Our analysis does...

  20. Coal distribution, January--June 1990

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1990-10-17

    The Coal Distribution report provides information on coal production, distribution, and stocks in the United States to a wide audience including Congress, federal and state agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. This issue presents information for January through June 1990. Coal distribution data are shown (in tables 1--34) by coal-producing state of origin, consumer use, method of transportation, and state of destination. 6 figs., 34 tabs.

  1. Statistical distributions

    CERN Document Server

    Forbes, Catherine; Hastings, Nicholas; Peacock, Brian J.

    2010-01-01

    A new edition of the trusted guide on commonly used statistical distributions Fully updated to reflect the latest developments on the topic, Statistical Distributions, Fourth Edition continues to serve as an authoritative guide on the application of statistical methods to research across various disciplines. The book provides a concise presentation of popular statistical distributions along with the necessary knowledge for their successful use in data modeling and analysis. Following a basic introduction, forty popular distributions are outlined in individual chapters that are complete with re

  2. 76 FR 69712 - Agency Information Collection Extension

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Agency Information Collection Extension AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice and Request for Comments... forms of information technology. DATES: Comments regarding this proposed information collection must...

  3. 77 FR 71787 - Agency Information Collection Extension

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-04

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Agency Information Collection Extension AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice and request for comments... forms of information technology. This information collection request pertains to the Human...

  4. 76 FR 69251 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-08

    ... Proposed Agency Information Collection AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy (DOE). ACTION: Notice and request... the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. DATES: Comments... Title: Department of Energy Better Buildings Challenge Information Collection Request. (3) Type...

  5. 75 FR 41165 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-15

    ... Proposed Agency Information Collection AGENCY: Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice and request for OMB review and comment. SUMMARY: The Department of Energy (DOE) has submitted the following information... information technology. DATES: Comments regarding this collection must be received on or before August...

  6. 75 FR 22578 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-29

    ... enable drivers to achieve measurable improvements in fuel economy, the information will be made available... provide the public with information that will enable them to achieve better fuel economy and thereby... Proposed Agency Information Collection AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice and request...

  7. 17 CFR 204.6 - Agency review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Agency review. 204.6 Section... COLLECTION Administrative Offset § 204.6 Agency review. (a) To the extent that a debt owed has not been... request to review a disputed debt must be submitted to the Commission official who provided...

  8. 5 CFR 250.203 - Agency responsibilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 250.203 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT IN AGENCIES Strategic Human Capital Management § 250.203 Agency responsibilities. (a) To assist in the assessment of the management of human capital in the Federal Government, and to help meet...

  9. 76 FR 62395 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-07

    ... collection request contains: (1) OMB No.: 1910-5149; (2) Information Collection Request Title: OE Recovery... Proposed Agency Information Collection AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice and Request for... Management and Budget (OMB) to extend for three years the emergency Information Collection Request Title:...

  10. 29 CFR 1604.6 - Employment agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Employment agencies. 1604.6 Section 1604.6 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) EQUAL EMPLOYMENT OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION GUIDELINES ON DISCRIMINATION... states that it shall be unlawful for an employment agency to discriminate against any individual...

  11. LATIN--Latin American Regional News Agency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nichols, John Spicer

    The establishment of a regional news agency for Latin America to improve the balance of news flow and increase the transmission of news more applicable to regional problems has often been proposed. Despite wide acceptance of the concept, the birth of the Third World's first regional news agency, Agencia Latinoamericana de Informacion (LATIN), has…

  12. 75 FR 32737 - Farm Service Agency

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-09

    ... Commodity Credit Corporation Farm Service Agency Information Collection; Application for Payment of Amounts... Corporation and Farm Service Agency, USDA. ACTION: Notice and request for comments. SUMMARY: In accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act of 1995, the Commodity Credit Corporation (CCC) and the Farm...

  13. 77 FR 19275 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-30

    ... the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. The proposed... needed to research information would have been completed previously; (5) Annual Estimated Number of... Proposed Agency Information Collection AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy, DoE. ACTION: Notice and...

  14. 77 FR 11106 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-24

    ... the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. DATES: Comments... research project. Lab technical proposals must be completed by DOE National Laboratories in order to... Proposed Agency Information Collection AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy, DOE. ACTION: Notice and...

  15. 76 FR 63912 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-14

    ... Innovation Research (SBIR) and Small Business Technology Transfer (STTR) Commercialization Survey; (3) Type... collection techniques or other forms of information technology. DATES: Comments regarding this proposed... Proposed Agency Information Collection AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice and Request...

  16. 75 FR 14436 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-25

    ... information technology. DATES: Comments regarding this collection must be received on or before April 8, 2010....: New; (2) Information Collection Request Title: Advanced Research Projects Agency--Energy (ARPA-E); (3...: Matthew Dunne, Advanced Research Projects Agency--Energy, Department of Energy, 1000 Independence Ave.,...

  17. 5 CFR 179.305 - Agency review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Agency review. 179.305 Section 179.305 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS CLAIMS COLLECTION STANDARDS Administrative Offset § 179.305 Agency review. (a) A debtor may dispute the existence of the debt, the amount...

  18. Forces That Damage Effective Relationships: State Agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, John

    Forces that affect relationships between colleges or universities and state government are considered. It is suggested that the role of the state agency is perceived differently by the various constituencies of the agency. It follows that the definition of effectiveness becomes a changing concept depending on the perspective from which it is…

  19. 77 FR 40345 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-09

    ..., authorized in Title V, Subtitle E of the Energy Independence and Security Act and signed into law on December... of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy Proposed Agency Information Collection AGENCY: Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy, U.S. Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice and request...

  20. Whodunnit? Electrophysiological correlates of agency judgements.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Kühn

    Full Text Available Sense of agency refers to the feeling that "I" am responsible for those external events that are directly produced by one's own voluntary actions. Recent theories distinguish between a non-conceptual "feeling" of agency linked to changes in the processing of self-generated sensory events, and a higher-order judgement of agency, which attributes sensory events to the self. In the current study we explore the neural correlates of the judgement of agency by means of electrophysiology. We measured event-related potentials to tones that were either perceived or not perceived as triggered by participants' voluntary actions and related these potentials to later judgements of agency over the tones. Replicating earlier findings on predictive sensory attenuation, we found that the N1 component was attenuated for congruent tones that corresponded to the learned action-effect mapping as opposed to incongruent tones that did not correspond to the previously acquired associations between actions and tones. The P3a component, but not the N1, directly reflected the judgement of agency: deflections in this component were greater for tones judged as self-generated than for tones judged as externally produced. The fact that the outcome of the later agency judgement was predictable based on the P3a component demonstrates that agency judgements incorporate early information processing components and are not purely reconstructive, post-hoc evaluations generated at time of judgement.

  1. Tempory agency work and the business cycle

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. de Graaf-Zijl; E.E. Berkhout

    2008-01-01

    Abstract: Purpose - The purpose of this paper is to test the relationship between gross domestic product (GDP) and agency work. Design/methodology/approach - The paper develops a theoretical model for the time interdependence of GDP, agency work and regular employment and tested model predictions us

  2. Determinants of Leverage and Agency problems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Jong, A.; Dijk, R.

    1998-01-01

    In this paper we empirically investigate the determinants of leverage and agency problems and we examine the relationships between leverage and agency problems. As in Titman and Wessels (1988) we use structural equations modeling with latent variables. In contrast to Titman and Wessels (1988), who e

  3. Actions and outcomes : two aspects of agency

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huffer, Beth

    2007-01-01

    Agency can be construed as both the manner in which autonomous individuals embark on particular courses of action (or inaction), and the relationship between such agents and the outcomes of the courses of action on which they embark. A promising strategy for understanding both senses of agency consi

  4. Distribution center

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    Distribution center is a logistics link fulfill physical distribution as its main functionGenerally speaking, it's a large and hiahly automated center destined to receive goods from various plants and suppliers,take orders,fill them efficiently,and deliver goods to customers as quickly as possible.

  5. Joint Agency Commercial Imagery Evaluation (JACIE)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jucht, Carrie

    2010-01-01

    Remote sensing data are vital to understanding the physical world and to answering many of its needs and problems. The United States Geological Survey's (USGS) Remote Sensing Technologies (RST) Project, working with its partners, is proud to sponsor the annual Joint Agency Commercial Imagery Evaluation (JACIE) Workshop to help understand the quality and usefulness of remote sensing data. The JACIE program was formed in 2001 to leverage U.S. Federal agency resources for the characterization of commercial remote sensing data. These agencies sponsor and co-chair JACIE: U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) National Geospatial-Intelligence Agency (NGA) U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA) JACIE is an effort to coordinate data assessments between the participating agencies and partners and communicate the knowledge and results of the quality and utility of the remotely sensed data available for government and private use.

  6. International Atomic Energy Agency Annual Report 2011

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The IAEA Annual Report 2011 aims to summarize only the significant activities of the Agency during the year in question. This report covers the period 1 January to 31 December 2011. The main part of the report, starting on page 21, generally follows the programme structure as given in The Agency's Programme and Budget 2010-2011 (GC(53)/5). The introductory chapter, 'The Year in Review', seeks to provide a thematic analysis of the Agency's activities within the context of notable developments during the year. More detailed information can be found in the latest editions of the Agency's Nuclear Safety Review, Nuclear Technology Review, Technical Cooperation Report and the Safeguards Statement for 2011 and Background to the Safeguards Statement. Additional information covering various aspects of the Agency's programme is available in electronic form only on iaea.org, along with the Annual Report.

  7. 76 FR 69729 - Pesticide Emergency Exemptions; Agency Decisions and State and Federal Agency Crisis Declarations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-09

    ... AGENCY Pesticide Emergency Exemptions; Agency Decisions and State and Federal Agency Crisis Declarations... emergency exemptions under the Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA) for use of pesticides as listed in this notice. The exemptions or denials were granted during the period July 1, 2011...

  8. 76 FR 10384 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Regulation on Agency Protests

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-24

    ... published this information collection request (ICR) in the Federal Register on November 15, 2010 at 75 FR... SECURITY Agency Information Collection Activities: Regulation on Agency Protests AGENCY: Office of Chief Procurement Officer, Acquisition Policy and Legislation Office, DHS. ACTION: 30-Day Notice and request...

  9. Political Agency at the Digital Crossroads?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Kaun

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This thematic issue presents the outcome of the 2015 ECREA Communication and Democracy Section Conference “Political Agency in the Digital Age” that was held at the Copenhagen Business School in Denmark. It problematizes changes in the configurations of political agency in the context of digital media. The articles represent a shift from an exclusive focus on political elites to the interrelation between institutionalised politics and political processes in other societal spheres in the field of media and politics research. Political agency as the main notion of the thematic issue draws attention at the (media practices through which social actors reproduce, reorganise and challenge politics. At the same time, the issue poses questions about the structures—economic, political and social—that allow for, define and also limit these practices. The contributions gathered here suggest an understanding of agency as constituted through the use of knowledge and resources, themselves embedded within structural contexts; at the same time, agency is transformative of the structures within which it is embedded by making use of knowledge and resources in creative and often radical ways. In that context the development of digital media marks a rupture or critical juncture that allows and requires a rethinking of conditions of political agency. Accordingly the contributions critically scrutinize the role of digital media moving beyond celebratory accounts of democratizing potential of digital media. The rethinking of the grammar of political agency is at the heart of this thematic issue.

  10. Mobile Marketing Applications of Travel Agencies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat Selim Selvi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, the use of mobile devices in the marketing world is increasing parallel with technological advances. The main problem of this research is to determine agencies’ use of what type of mobile tools for what type of purposes in the marketing process. The aim of this research is to identify Mobile Marketing (MM applications used by group A travel agencies, and to describe the attitudes towards MM applications of agencies. According to related law, it is only group A agencies give all agency services. Therefore, it is thought that MM is more widely used by those agencies. Thus, this research was made only on the group A agencies. The population of study was consisted of 675 groups A agencies’ representatives deployed in the European and Asian sides of Istanbul. A questionnaire was used as data collection tool. Questionnaire form consisted of two parts. In the first part, questions concerning MM and in the second part, questions regarding demographic issues to managers and travel agents took place. The results were given as descriptive statistics (frequencies, percentages, mean and standard deviation on the tables. T-test and One Way ANOVA analysis were performed for the differences of mean among groups. In the study it was concluded that agencies use mobile phones mostly and mobile computers for increasing sales firstly and direct marketing. Thus, the main hypothesis established was confirmed partly.

  11. The survey of occupational accidents in Yazd gas agency (2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Hossein Khoshakhlagh

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Existence of coordinated and professional safety system to prevent occurrence of accidents and potential hazards seem to be essential in installing networks of gas distribution projects. Objective: To survey work-related accidents and safety performance indices in project implementation unit of Yazd gas agency. Methods: This analytical study was conducted on 197 of workforce in Yazd gas agency in 2013 that were selected by census and they were male. Demographic and accident information were gathered using a self-made questionnaire and face- to- face interview, and required information obtained from dossier to determine the safety performance indicators. Safety performance indicators were calculated in separately of 13 types occupations in project implementation unit of gas agency and data were analyzed using T-test. Findings: The highest accident frequency and severity rate were related to digging occupation and then metal line welding. Consequences of accidents were cuts (%56.7 and soreness (%14.9. The causes of accidents were related to uselessness of personal protective equipment (%25.2 and lack of precision in the task (%19.3. The highest rate of accident was observed among the age group 20-29 years with work experience of 4-6 years. Conclusion: According to the findings of this study and the risk of gas processes, it seems to be necessary the implementation of integrated management systems and training of workers about safety rules to improve the safety culture and prevent accidents.

  12. International Atomic Energy Agency Annual Report 2012

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Article VI.J of the Agency's Statute requires the Board of Governors to submit 'an annual report to the General Conference concerning the affairs of the Agency and any projects approved by the Agency'. This report covers the period 1 January to 31 December 2012. - The IAEA Annual Report 2012 aims to summarize only the significant activities of the Agency during the year in question. The main part of the report, starting on page 17, generally follows the programme structure as given in The Agency's Programme and Budget 2012-2013 (GC(55)/5). - The introductory chapter, 'Overview', seeks to provide a thematic analysis of the Agency's activities within the context of notable developments during the year. More detailed information can be found in the latest editions of the Agency's Nuclear Safety Review, Nuclear Technology Review, Technical Cooperation Report and the Safeguards Statement for 2012 and Background to the Safeguards Statement. - Additional information covering various aspects of the Agency's programme is available, in electronic form only, on iaea.org, along with the Annual Report. - Except where indicated, all sums of money are expressed in United States dollars. - The designations employed and the presentation of material in this document do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat concerning the legal status of any country or territory or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers. - The mention of names of specific companies or products (whether or not indicated as registered) does not imply any intention to infringe proprietary rights, nor should it be construed as an endorsement or recommendation on the part of the Agency. - The term 'non-nuclear-weapon State' is used as in the Final Document of the 1968 Conference of Non- Nuclear-Weapon States (United Nations document A/7277) and in the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). The term 'nuclear-weapon State' is as used

  13. International Atomic Energy Agency Annual Report 2013

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Article VI.J of the Agency's Statute requires the Board of Governors to submit 'an annual report to the General Conference concerning the affairs of the Agency and any projects approved by the Agency'. This report covers the period 1 January to 31 December 2013. The IAEA Annual Report 2013 aims to summarize only the significant activities of the Agency during the year in question. The main part of the report, starting on page 15, generally follows the programme structure as given in The Agency's Programme and Budget 2012-2013 (GC(55)/5). The introductory chapter, 'The Year in Review', seeks to provide a thematic analysis of the Agency's activities within the context of notable developments during the year. More detailed information can be found in the latest editions of the Agency's Nuclear Safety Review, Nuclear Technology Review, Technical Cooperation Report and the Safeguards Statement for 2013 and Background to the Safeguards Statement. Additional information covering various aspects of the Agency's programme is available, in electronic form only, on iaea.org, along with the Annual Report. Except where indicated, all sums of money are expressed in United States dollars. The designations employed and the presentation of material in this document do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat concerning the legal status of any country or territory or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers. The mention of names of specific companies or products (whether or not indicated as registered) does not imply any intention to infringe proprietary rights, nor should it be construed as an endorsement or recommendation on the part of the Agency. The term 'non-nuclear-weapon State' is used as in the Final Document of the 1968 Conference of Non-Nuclear- Weapon States (United Nations document A/7277) and in the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). The term 'nuclear-weapon State' is as used in

  14. 77 FR 44177 - Antimicrobial Animal Drug Sales and Distribution Reporting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-27

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration 21 CFR Part 514 Antimicrobial Animal Drug Sales and Distribution Reporting AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Advance notice of proposed rulemaking. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA or Agency) is soliciting comments regarding...

  15. Bank Accounts for Public Finance Agencies Income

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paweł Lenio

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The subject of this paper are bank accounts for public finance agencies income. The article describes characteristics of accounts for all three kinds of agencies: government and municipal units working in regards to statue of education and units with headquarters in foreign countries. The author presents a detailed directory of income for particular accounts and the allocation of said income. This paper also deals with the optionality of those dedicated bank accounts and the competence for erecting them. In a smaller scope there are presented the controversies of establishing bank accounts for public finance agencies income in the past, before the current statue of public finance.

  16. 75 FR 13342 - Pipeline Safety: Workshop on Distribution Pipeline Construction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-19

    ... Statement in the Federal Register published April 11, 2000 (65 FR 19477). Information on Services for... Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration Pipeline Safety: Workshop on Distribution Pipeline Construction AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA), DOT. ACTION: Notice...

  17. 77 FR 17464 - Agency Information Collection Extension

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-26

    ... Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. ACTION: Agency Information Collection Activities: Information..., including through the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. DATES..., production, demand, technology, and related economic and statistical information. This information is used...

  18. 77 FR 23704 - Agency Information Collection Extension

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-20

    ... Administration (EIA), Department of Energy (DOE). ACTION: Agency Information Collection Activities: Information... techniques or other forms of information technology. DATES: Comments regarding this proposed information..., and disseminates information on energy resource reserves, production, demand, technology, and...

  19. 77 FR 57080 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-17

    ... Administration (EIA), U.S. Department of Energy. ACTION: Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed... collection techniques or other forms of information technology. DATES: Comments regarding this proposed... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY...

  20. 78 FR 13333 - Agency Information Collection Extension

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-27

    ... Administration (EIA), Department of Energy (DOE). ACTION: Agency Information Collection Activities: Information... the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. DATES: Comments... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY...

  1. 77 FR 20616 - Agency Information Collection Extension

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-05

    ... Administration (EIA), Department of Energy. ACTION: Agency Information Collection Activities: Information... techniques or other forms of information technology. DATES: Comments regarding this proposed information..., and disseminates information on energy resource reserves, production, demand, technology, and...

  2. 77 FR 43067 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-23

    ... Administration (EIA), Department of Energy (DOE). ACTION: Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed... the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. DATES: Comments... disseminates information on energy resource reserves, production, demand, technology, and related economic...

  3. Agencies Collaborate, Develop a Cyanobacteria Assessment Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    This collaborative effort integrates the efforts of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) to provide an approach for mainstrea...

  4. Framework for Sustainability Assessment by Transportation Agencies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ramani, Tara Lakshmi; Zietsman, Josias; Gudmundsson, Henrik;

    2011-01-01

    promotes the consideration of transportation from a holistic sustainable development perspective. The framework defines broadly applicable transportation goals that can be broken down into a menu of objectives and performance measures to cover various transportation contexts. The framework is also designed...... transportation agencies with the tools required to understand what sustainability means and incorporate sustainability into the organizational culture. This approach and method can also help agencies lay the groundwork for the use of performance measures so the agencies can progress toward sustainability goals...... and outcomes. The framework development process was an extension of findings from literature review, case studies, and interviews conducted as part of ongoing research under the NCHRP project Sustainability Performance Measures for State Departments of Transportation and Other Transportation Agencies...

  5. 76 FR 1523 - New Agency Logos

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-11

    ... communications or publicity media as a consistent branding image for agency recognition. The logo does not... provide a recognizable, standard brand for the NDC and its activities. Permission is required for...

  6. 48 CFR 3053.303 - Agency forms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... section illustrates agency-specified forms. To access these forms go to: http://www.dhs.gov (under “Business, Acquisition Information”) or https://dhsonline.dhs.gov/portal/jhtml/general/forms.jhtml....

  7. Medicare Provider Payment Data - Home Health Agencies

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Home Health Agency PUF contains information on utilization, payment (Medicare payment and standard payment), and submitted charges organized by CMS...

  8. Fuel distribution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tison, R.R.; Baker, N.R.; Blazek, C.F.

    1979-07-01

    Distribution of fuel is considered from a supply point to the secondary conversion sites and ultimate end users. All distribution is intracity with the maximum distance between the supply point and end-use site generally considered to be 15 mi. The fuels discussed are: coal or coal-like solids, methanol, No. 2 fuel oil, No. 6 fuel oil, high-Btu gas, medium-Btu gas, and low-Btu gas. Although the fuel state, i.e., gas, liquid, etc., can have a major impact on the distribution system, the source of these fuels (e.g., naturally-occurring or coal-derived) does not. Single-source, single-termination point and single-source, multi-termination point systems for liquid, gaseous, and solid fuel distribution are considered. Transport modes and the fuels associated with each mode are: by truck - coal, methanol, No. 2 fuel oil, and No. 6 fuel oil; and by pipeline - coal, methane, No. 2 fuel oil, No. 6 oil, high-Btu gas, medium-Btu gas, and low-Btu gas. Data provided for each distribution system include component makeup and initial costs.

  9. The Financial Regulations of the Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For ease of comparison and reference, Attachment I shows the full texts of the relevant Regulations in the original form, incorporating all amendments approved by the Board of Governors until 8 June 1999, and in its amended form, after all the above mentioned approved changes. The full text of the Financial Regulations of the Agency, as approved and amended by the Board of Governors up to 11 June 2010, is reproduced in Attachment II for the information of all Members of the Agency

  10. Physician Agency and Adoption of Generic Pharmaceuticals

    OpenAIRE

    Toshiaki Iizuka

    2012-01-01

    I examine physician agency in health care services in the context of the choice between brand-name and generic pharmaceuticals. I examine micro-panel data from Japan, where physicians can legally make profits by prescribing and dispensing drugs. The results indicate that physicians often fail to internalize patient costs, explaining why cheaper generics are infrequently adopted. Doctors respond to markup differentials between the two versions, indicating another agency problem. However, gener...

  11. Agency Costs, Risk Management, and Capital Structure.

    OpenAIRE

    Hayne E. Leland

    1998-01-01

    The joint determination of capital structure and investment risk is examined. Optimal capital structure reflects both the tax advantages of debt less default costs (Modigliani-Miller), and the agency costs resulting from asset substitution (Jensen-Meckling). Agency costs restrict leverage and debt maturity and increase yield spreads, but their importance is relatively small for the range of environments considered. Risk management is also examined. Hedging permits greater leverage. Even when ...

  12. Agency Problems and Commitment in Delegated Bargaining

    OpenAIRE

    Hongbin Cai; Walter Cont

    2000-01-01

    In many economic situations, delegates are hired to play games for their principals. The principal-agent literature focuses on agency problems in the delegation relationships. Following Schelling (1960), the delegation literature emphasizes the commitment effects of delegation contracts against a third party. But not much attention has been paid to the interactions between agency problems and commitment considerations. In the context of one-sided delegated bargaining, we analyze how a princip...

  13. Agencies and transparency in Norwegian local government

    OpenAIRE

    Torsteinsen, Harald; Bjørnå, Hilde

    2012-01-01

    The NPM portfolio offers several solutions to improve organisational performance and . One of the most crucial of them is to split up integrated organisations into more autonomous operational units. The idea of arm’s length government is gaining ground in Norwegian local government and has materialised itself through the proliferation of agencies, especially in the shape of different forms of local government bodies and enterprises. Agencies are regarded as useful organisational designs for p...

  14. The staff regulations of the Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Following the first comprehensive review of the Provisional Staff Regulations conducted by the Secretariat, the Board of Governors approved on 12 June 2002 amendments to the Provisional Staff Regulations including the removal of the attribute 'provisional' from their title. The revised Staff Regulations of the Agency are set forth in this document for the information of all Members of the Agency. There is a subject index at the end of the document

  15. The Provisional Staff Regulations of the Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In accordance with Article VII.E of the Statute and of the general principles approved by the General Conference in resolution GC.1(S)/RES/13, the Board of Governors has established 'the terms and conditions on which the Agency's staff shall be appointed, remunerated and dismissed.' The Provisional Staff Regulations thus approved and amended by the Board up to 15 January 1959 are reproduced in this document for the information of all Members of the Agency

  16. Measuring the formal independence of regulatory agencies

    OpenAIRE

    HANRETTY, Chris; Koop, Christel

    2012-01-01

    While the literature on delegation has discussed at length the benefits of creating independent regulatory agencies (IRAs), not much attention has been paid to the conceptualization and operationalization of agency independence. In this study, we argue that existing attempts to operationalize the formal political independence of IRAs suffer from a number of conceptual and methodological flaws. To address these, we define what we understand by independence, and in particular formal independenc...

  17. The Politics and Policies of Reproductive Agency

    OpenAIRE

    Patosalmi, Mervi

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the politics and policies of reproductive agency through a redescription of three Finnish policy documents dealing with the declining birth rate: the Government report on the future 'Finland for people of all ages' (2004), Business and Policy Forum EVA report 'Condemned to Diminish?' (Tuomitut vÀhenemÀÀn?) (2003), and the Family Federation's 'Population Policy Program' (2004). The redescription is done with the help of the notion of reproductive agency, which draws on D...

  18. Anonymous Agencies, Backstreet Businesses and Covert Collectives

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krause Hansen, Hans; Schoeneborn, Dennis

    2015-01-01

    Book review of: Anonymous Agencies, Backstreet Businesses and Covert Collectives: rethinking Organizations in the 21st Century, C. R. Scott. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2013. 272 pp. £45.90. ISBN 9780804781381......Book review of: Anonymous Agencies, Backstreet Businesses and Covert Collectives: rethinking Organizations in the 21st Century, C. R. Scott. Stanford, CA: Stanford University Press, 2013. 272 pp. £45.90. ISBN 9780804781381...

  19. Distributed creativity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glaveanu, Vlad Petre

    This book challenges the standard view that creativity comes only from within an individual by arguing that creativity also exists ‘outside’ of the mind or more precisely, that the human mind extends through the means of action into the world. The notion of ‘distributed creativity’ is not commonly...... used within the literature and yet it has the potential to revolutionise the way we think about creativity, from how we define and measure it to what we can practically do to foster and develop creativity. Drawing on cultural psychology, ecological psychology and advances in cognitive science, this...... book offers a basic framework for the study of distributed creativity that considers three main dimensions of creative work: sociality, materiality and temporality. Starting from the premise that creativity is distributed between people, between people and objects and across time, the book reviews...

  20. 76 FR 74753 - Authority To Manufacture and Distribute Postage Evidencing Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    ... 501 Authority To Manufacture and Distribute Postage Evidencing Systems AGENCY: Postal Service TM... governing the inventory control processes of Postage Evidencing Systems (PES) provided to customers by... to be amended as follows: PART 501--AUTHORIZATION TO MANUFACTURE AND DISTRIBUTE POSTAGE...

  1. Spatial distribution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borregaard, Michael Krabbe; Hendrichsen, Ditte Katrine; Nachman, Gøsta Støger

    2008-01-01

    , depending on the nature of intraspecific interactions between them: while the individuals of some species repel each other and partition the available area, others form groups of varying size, determined by the fitness of each group member. The spatial distribution pattern of individuals again strongly...

  2. Advances in multi-agency disaster management: Key elements in disaster research

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Janssen, M.; Lee, J.; Bharosa, N.; Cresswell, A.

    2009-01-01

    Multi-agency disaster management requires collaboration among geographically distributed public and private organizations to enable a rapid and effective response to an unexpected event. Many disaster management systems often lack the capability to cope with the complexity and uncertainty. In this i

  3. 77 FR 51577 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comments Requested: National...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-24

    ... Collection; Comments Requested: National Response Team Customer Satisfaction Survey ACTION: 30-Day notice of...: National Response Team Customer Satisfaction Survey. (3) Agency form number, if any, and the applicable... distributes a program- specific customer satisfaction survey to more effectively capture customer...

  4. 77 FR 37919 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comments Requested: National...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-25

    ... Collection; Comments Requested: National Response Team Customer Satisfaction Survey ACTION: 60-Day Notice of... collection. (2) Title of the Form/Collection: National Response Team Customer Satisfaction Survey. (3) Agency... Explosives distributes a program- specific customer satisfaction survey to more effectively capture...

  5. 77 FR 59622 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request; Regulations...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-28

    ... Tobacco To Protect Children and Adolescents AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice... restricting the sale and distribution of cigarettes and smokeless tobacco to protect children and adolescents... Cigarettes and Smokeless Tobacco to Protect Children and Adolescents--21 CFR 1140 (OMB Control Number...

  6. International Atomic Energy Agency Annual Report 2010

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Annual Report 2010 aims to summarize only the significant activities of the Agency during the year in question The main part of the report, starting on page 17, generally follows the programme structure as given in The Agency's Programme and Budget 2010-2011 (GC(53)/5). The introductory chapter, 'Overview', seeks to provide a thematic analysis of the Agency's activities within the context of notable developments during the year More detailed information can be found in the latest editions of the Agency's Nuclear Safety Review, Nuclear Technology Review, Technical Cooperation Report and the Safeguards Statement and Background to the Safeguards Statement and Summary. For the convenience of readers, these documents are available on the CD-ROM attached to the inside back cover of this report. Additional information covering various aspects of the Agency's programme is provided on the attached CD-ROM and is also available on the Agency's web site at http://www.iaea.org./Publications/ Reports/index.html. Except where indicated, all sums of money are expressed in United States dollars. The designations employed and the presentation of material in this report do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat concerning the legal status of any country or territory or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers. The mention of names of specific companies or products (whether or not indicated as registered) does not imply any intention to infringe proprietary rights, nor should it be construed as an endorsement or recommendation on the part of the Agency. The term 'non-nuclear-weapon State' is used as in the Final Document of the 1968 Conference of Non-Nuclear-Weapon States (United Nations document A/7277) and in the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) The term 'nuclear weapon State' is as used in the NPT.

  7. International Atomic Energy Agency Annual Report 2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Annual Report 2009 aims to summarize only the significant activities of the Agency during the year in question. The main part of the report generally follows the programme structure as given in The Agency's Programme and Budget 2008-2009 (GC(51)/2). The introductory chapter, '2009 in Perspective', seeks to provide a thematic analysis of the Agency's activities within the context of notable developments during the year. More detailed information can be found in the latest editions of the Agency's Nuclear Safety Review, Nuclear Technology Review, Technical Cooperation Report and the Safeguards Statement for 2009 and Background to the Safeguards Statement. For the convenience of readers, these documents are available on the CD-ROM attached to the inside back cover of this report. Additional infomation covering various aspects of the Agency's programme is provided on the attached CD-ROM, and is also available on the Agency's web site at http://www.iaea.org/Publications/Reports/Anrep2009/index.html. Except where indicated, all sums of money are expressed in United States dollars. The designations employed and the presentation of material in this document do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat concerning the legal status of any country or territory or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers. The mention of names of specific companies or products (whether or not indicated as registered) does not imply any intention to infringe proprietary rights, nor should it be construed as an endorsement or recommendation on the part of the Agency. The term 'non-nuclear-weapon State' is used as in the Final Document of the 1968 Conference of Non-Nuclear-Weapon States (United Natinos document A/7277) and in the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). The term 'nuclear weapon State' is as used in the NPT

  8. Distributed leadership in health care

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Günzel-Jensen, Franziska; Jain, Ajay K.; Kjeldsen, Anne Mette

    2016-01-01

    -distributed leadership relationship was not detected. These results emphasise the importance of formal leaders to enhance employee involvement in various leadership functions; still, employees might prefer to participate in leadership functions when they perceive that the organization is struggling to achieve its goals.......Management and health care literature is increasingly preoccupied with leadership as a collective social process, and related leadership concepts such as distributed leadership have therefore recently gained momentum. This paper investigates how formal, i.e. transformational, transactional...... and empowering, leadership styles affect employees’ perceived agency in distributed leadership, and whether these associations are mediated by employees’ perceived organizational efficacy. Based on large-scale survey data from a study at one of Scandinavia’s largest public hospitals (N = 1,147), our results show...

  9. 48 CFR 15.604 - Agency points of contact.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... of unsolicited proposals at least the following information: (1) Definition (see 2.101) and content... agency: upcoming solicitations; Broad Agency Announcements; Small Business Innovation Research...

  10. The law enforcement agencies in Turkey

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: In Turkey, the law enforcement agencies are gathered into two main authorities. These are as below. 1. Under the Ministry of Interior: General Commander of Gendarmarie; General Directorate of National Police; General Commandery of Coast Guard; 2. Within the Undersecretariat of Customs there are two main service units to combat smuggling. These are: General Directorate of Customs Enforcement (GDCE) and General Directorate of Customs. The responsible areas of these administrations are legally as below: The region of Gendarmarie: It covers rural areas. In that region, Gendarmarie is responsible, inter alia, combating smuggling; The region of police: General Directorate of National Police has performed its tasks, one of which is to combat smuggling in the city areas; The region of Territorial Waters: Coast Guard is related authority in territorial water for, among other things, fighting smuggling. The region of Customs: General Directorate of Customs Enforcement fulfills in these regions as the authority and responsible law enforcement agent. The main difference between GDCE and other law enforcement agencies are: GDCE is the only Administration whose main aim is to struggle against smuggling; Generally, all units conduct their operations in their responsible region, however, if it is necessary, depending on the case, an operation can be performed jointly only in another region in cooperation with the relevant agent. In that context, as far as General Directorate of Customs Enforcement is concerned, fulfilling an operation in other regions is not a legal necessity. Any units of GDCE can seize and do operation all over Turkey by itself, without any regional limitations from legislation. Organizational Structure of the Customs Administration in Turkey - The principle functions of the General Directorate of Customs are: implementation of customs policies, collection of customs taxes, inspection of passengers and goods, also, investigation of smuggling

  11. Quasihomogeneous distributions

    CERN Document Server

    von Grudzinski, O

    1991-01-01

    This is a systematic exposition of the basics of the theory of quasihomogeneous (in particular, homogeneous) functions and distributions (generalized functions). A major theme is the method of taking quasihomogeneous averages. It serves as the central tool for the study of the solvability of quasihomogeneous multiplication equations and of quasihomogeneous partial differential equations with constant coefficients. Necessary and sufficient conditions for solvability are given. Several examples are treated in detail, among them the heat and the Schrödinger equation. The final chapter is devoted to quasihomogeneous wave front sets and their application to the description of singularities of quasihomogeneous distributions, in particular to quasihomogeneous fundamental solutions of the heat and of the Schrödinger equation.

  12. MAIL DISTRIBUTION

    CERN Multimedia

    J. Ferguson

    2002-01-01

    Following discussions with the mail contractor and Mail Service personnel, an agreement has been reached which permits deliveries to each distribution point to be maintained, while still achieving a large proportion of the planned budget reduction in 2002. As a result, the service will revert to its previous level throughout the Laboratory as rapidly as possible. Outgoing mail will be collected from a single collection point at the end of each corridor. Further discussions are currently in progress between ST, SPL and AS divisions on the possibility of an integrated distribution service for internal mail, stores items and small parcels, which could lead to additional savings from 2003 onwards, without affecting service levels. J. Ferguson AS Division

  13. The Electronic Archiving of Arab News Agencies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haifa Ayub Gigawy

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available This Research aims to present the electronic archives of Arab news agency websites and their methods of searching for and retrieving information. Also, its aim is to examine all their methods in order to find out which are the best and most practically useful ones. The research refers to the news agencies and the Internet, through the methods that users encounter in these inquires and links which present information. It concentrates on practical ways of searching for news items in both texts and pictures. The research contains tables showing the results. It presents a brief summery for each of Arab news agencies.The research comes to the conclusion that there are many things which need to be considered, and also some suggestions as to how the search for and retrieval of information might be improved

  14. Motion, identity and the bias toward agency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chris eFields

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The well-documented human bias toward agency as a cause and therefore an explanation of observed events is typically attributed to evolutionary selection for a social brain. Based on a review of developmental and adult behavioral and neurocognitive data, it is argued that the bias toward agency is a result of the default human solution, developed during infancy, to the computational requirements of object re-identification over gaps in observation of more than a few seconds. If this model is correct, overriding the bias toward agency to construct mechanistic explanations of observed events requires structure-mapping inferences, implemented by the pre-motor action planning system, that replace agents with mechanisms as causes of unobserved changes in contextual or featural properties of objects. Experiments that would test this model are discussed.

  15. Educational support agencies in some European countries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braaksma, J.; Heinink, A. L.

    1993-05-01

    Economic and social constraints in the '50s and '60s resulted in an increasing interest in educational matters. As a response it was felt that a more professional and scientific approach in education was needed. Thus the educational specialist entered the labour market and institutional frameworks for educational support developed. Despite the common societal context, each country acquired its own unique educational support system. It will be argued that national pecularities in educational support systems are related to educational traditions. In order to clarify this, educational support agencies in some European countries are defined in terms of: the institutional level at which educational support agencies operate; and the functions and roles of support agencies in the education systems concerned.

  16. Meeting staff representatives of the European Agencies

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2014-01-01

      The AASC (Assembly of Agency Staff Committee) held its 27th Meeting of the specialized European Agencies on 26 and 27 May on the premises of the OHIM (Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market) in Alicante, Spain. Two representatives of the CERN Staff Association, in charge of External Relations, attended as observers. This participation is a useful complement to regular contacts we have with FICSA (Federation of International Civil Servants' Associations), which groups staff associations of the UN Agencies, and the annual CSAIO conferences (Conference of Staff Associations of International Organizations), where each Autumn representatives of international organizations based in Europe meet to discuss themes of common interest to better promote and defend the rights of the international civil servants. All these meetings allow us to remain informed on items that are directly or indirectly related to employment and social conditions of our colleagues in other international and Europ...

  17. Expertise and Power: Agencies Operating in Complex Environments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony R. Zito

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available This contribution investigates the strategies that environmental agencies develop to enhance their policy autonomy, in order to fulfil their organisational missions for protecting the environment. This article asks whether there are particular strategic moves that an agency can make to augment this policy autonomy in the face of the principals. Critiquing principal agent theory, it investigates the evolution of three environmental agencies (the European Environment Agency, the England and Wales Environment Agency and the United States Environmental Protection Agency, focusing on the case study of climate change. The contribution examines how the agencies influence environmental policy on domestic, regional and global levels, with a special focus on the principals that constrain agency autonomy. A greater focus on different multi-level contexts, which the three agencies face, may create other possible dynamics and opportunities for agency strategies. Agencies can use particular knowledge, network and alliance building to strengthen their policy/political positions.

  18. 31 CFR 0.104 - Designated Agency Ethics Official and Alternate Designated Agency Ethics Official.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Standards and Treasury Supplemental Standards and Rules. See 5 CFR 2638.203. The Senior Counsel for Ethics... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Designated Agency Ethics Official and Alternate Designated Agency Ethics Official. 0.104 Section 0.104 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of...

  19. 77 FR 60997 - Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-05

    ... Information Rating System (HIRS) Over the past several years, low health literacy has been identified as an... information about each participant. This data will allow the analysis to detect differences in health literacy... HUMAN SERVICES Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Agency Information Collection...

  20. Comparing Child Protective Investigation Performance between Law Enforcement Agencies and Child Welfare Agencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordan, Neil; Yampolskaya, Svetlana; Gustafson, Mara; Armstrong, Mary; McNeish, Roxann; Vargo, Amy

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the comparative effectiveness of using law enforcement agencies for child protective investigation (CPI), in contrast with the traditional approach of CPI conducted by the public child welfare agency. The analysis uses 2006-2007 data from a natural experiment conducted in Florida to show modest differences in performance and…

  1. Interpassive Agency: Engaging Actor-Network-Theory's View on the Agency of Objects

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    G. van Oenen (Gijs)

    2011-01-01

    textabstract:With increasing frequency, questions about 'what things do' and 'evocative objects' pop up in philosophy and theoretical sociology. They direct our attention to an important phenomenon: the agency of objects. In this article, I contrast Bruno Latour's, and ANT's, view on the agency, or

  2. International Atomic Energy Agency annual report 2006

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Annual Report reviews the results of the Agency's programme according to the three pillars of technology, safety and verification. The main part of the report generally follows the programme structure as given in The Agency's Programme and Budget 2006-2007 (GC(49)/2). The introductory chapter seeks to provide a thematic analysis, based on the three pillars, of the Agency's activities within the overall context of notable developments during the year. More detailed information can be found in the latest editions of the Agency's Nuclear Safety Review, Nuclear Technology Review, Technical Cooperation Report and the Safeguards Statement for 2006 and Background to the Safeguards Statement. For the convenience of readers, these documents are available on the CD-ROM attached to the inside back cover of this report. Additional information covering various aspects of the Agency's programme is provided on the attached CD-ROM, and is also available on the Agency's web site at http://www.iaea.org/Worldatom/Documents/Anrep/Anrep2006/. Except where indicated, all sums of money are expressed in United States dollars. The designations employed and the presentation of material in this document do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of the Secretariat concerning the legal status of any country or territory or of its authorities, or concerning the delimitation of its frontiers. The topics covered in the chapter related to technology are: nuclear power; nuclear fuel cycle and materials technologies; capacity building and nuclear knowledge maintenance for sustainable energy development; nuclear science; food and agriculture; human health; water resources; assessment and management of marine and terrestrial environments; radioisotope production and radiation technology; safety and security; incident and emergency preparedness and response; safety of nuclear installations; radiation and transport safety; management of radioactive waste; nuclear security

  3. Generic substitution, financial interests, and imperfect agency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rischatsch, Maurus; Trottmann, Maria; Zweifel, Peter

    2013-06-01

    Policy makers around the world seek to encourage generic substitution. In this paper, the importance of prescribing physicians' imperfect agency is tested using the fact that some Swiss jurisdictions allow physicians to dispense drugs on their own account (physician dispensing, PD) while others disallow it. We estimate a model of physician drug choice with the help of drug claim data, finding a significant positive association between PD and the use of generics. While this points to imperfect agency, generics are prescribed more often to patients with high copayments or low incomes.

  4. Business Strategy of the Travel Agency

    OpenAIRE

    Heřmánek, Lukáš

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this work is to carry out strategic analysis of the company British Studies Agency, s.r.o with emphasis put on improvement of its current state and advise the possible strategies for future growth. In the theoretical part basic terms of the strategic analysis will be mentioned and then used in the practical part. It is focused on actual strategy of the travel agency British Studies, where PEST and Porters Five Force Model are used as a part of the external environment. The analysis...

  5. International Atomic Energy Agency activities in decommissioning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has been addressing the safety and technical issues of decommissioning for over 20 years, but their focus has been primarily on planning. Up to know, the activities have been on an ad hoc basis and sometimes, important issues have been missed. A new Action Plan on the Decommissioning of Nuclear Facilities has recently been approved by the Agency's board of Governors which will focus the Agency's efforts and ensure that our Member States' concerns are addressed. The new initiatives associated with this Action Plan will help ensure that decommissioning activities in the future are performed in a safe and coherent manner. The International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) has been preparing safety and technical documents concerning decommissioning since the mid-1980's. There have been over 30 documents prepared that provide safety requirements, guidance and supporting technical information. Many of these documents are over 10 years old and need updating. The main focus in the past has been on planning for decommissioning. During the past five years, a set of Safety Standards have been prepared and issued to provide safety requirements and guidance to Member States. However, decommissioning was never a real priority with the Agency, but was something that had to be addressed. To illustrate this point, the first requirements documents on decommissioning were issued as part of a Safety Requirements [1] on pre-disposal management of radioactive waste. It was felt that decommissioning did not deserve its own document because it was just part of the normal waste management process. The focus was mostly on waste management. The Agency has assisted Member States with the planning process for decommissioning. Most of these activities have been focused on nuclear power plants and research reactors. Now, support for the decommissioning of other types of facilities is being requested. The Agency is currently providing technical

  6. Agency Design in the European Union

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herwig C.H. Hofmann

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article gives a brief overview of the main features, functions and future perspectives of agencies in the European Union [EU]. It highlights the specific notion of the EU’s highly integrated, multi-level legal system as an explanatory factor for the specificities of agency design. The article looks at agencies in the EU through the lens of the structural and procedural arrangements for their independence and their accountability. The article comes to the conclusion that, generally speaking, accountability and independence are defined by and adapted to the position of an agency within the structure of administrative networks implementing EU law and policy. Their raison d’être is usually to coordinate Member State implementing activities rather than taking on these responsibilities themselves. Cet article présente un bref aperçu des caractéristiques principales, des fonctions et des perspectives d’avenir d’agences au sein de l’Union Européenne [UE]. Il met en évidence la notion particulière que les spécificités de la façon dont les agences sont structurées s’expliquent par le fait que le système juridique de l’UE est hautement intégré et à niveaux multiples. L’article examine des agences de l’UE dans la perspective des arrangements structuraux et procéduraux en vue de leur indépendance et de leur obligation de rendre compte. L’article conclut que de façon générale l’obligation de rendre compte et l’indépendance sont définies par, et adaptées à, la position d’une agence dans le cadre des réseaux administratifs qui appliquent la loi et les politiques de l’EU. Leur raison d’être est généralement de coordonner les activités d’application des États Membres plutôt que d’être chargées elles-mêmes de ces responsabilités.

  7. Beyond Discourse: Notes on Spatial Agency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatjana Schneider

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates the word ‘agency’ in relation to the role, responsibility and power of the architect. Using Anthony Giddens’s formulation of agency, we discuss the transformative potential of architecture where the lack of a predetermined future is seen as an opportunity and not a threat. Four episodes describe related instances of architectural practice as spatial agency: muf, OSA, Santiago Cirugeda and The New Architecture Movement. The paper concludes with an urgent call for architects to face up to their political and environmental responsibilities.

  8. Distribution switchgear

    CERN Document Server

    Stewart, Stan

    2004-01-01

    Switchgear plays a fundamental role within the power supply industry. It is required to isolate faulty equipment, divide large networks into sections for repair purposes, reconfigure networks in order to restore power supplies and control other equipment.This book begins with the general principles of the Switchgear function and leads on to discuss topics such as interruption techniques, fault level calculations, switching transients and electrical insulation; making this an invaluable reference source. Solutions to practical problems associated with Distribution Switchgear are also included.

  9. 5 CFR 2635.105 - Supplemental agency regulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... ETHICAL CONDUCT FOR EMPLOYEES OF THE EXECUTIVE BRANCH General Provisions § 2635.105 Supplemental agency... included in the agency's standards of conduct regulations issued pursuant to Executive Order 11222 and the... agency in title 5 of the Code of Federal Regulations. Supplemental agency regulations issued under...

  10. 75 FR 16821 - Housing Finance Agency Risk-Sharing Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-02

    ... URBAN DEVELOPMENT Housing Finance Agency Risk-Sharing Program AGENCY: Office of the Chief Information... Risk Sharing Program authorizes qualified Housing Finance Agencies (HFAs) to underwrite and process...: Housing Finance Agency Risk-Sharing Program. OMB Approval Number: 2502-0500. Form Numbers: HUD-2703B,...

  11. 75 FR 9588 - Defense Intelligence Agency Advisory Board; Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-03

    ... Office of the Secretary Defense Intelligence Agency Advisory Board; Closed Meeting AGENCY: Defense Intelligence Agency, DoD. ACTION: Notice of closed meeting. SUMMARY: Pursuant to the provisions of subsection... hereby given that the Defense Intelligence Agency Advisory Board, will meet on March 22 and 23, 2010....

  12. 78 FR 25853 - Defense Logistics Agency Privacy Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-03

    ... INFORMATION: The proposed rule was published on August 6, 2012 (77 FR 46653). No comments were received... of the Secretary 32 CFR Part 323 RIN 0790-AI86 Defense Logistics Agency Privacy Program AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, DoD. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: The Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) is...

  13. 24 CFR 266.100 - Qualified housing finance agency (HFA).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Qualified housing finance agency... AUTHORITIES HOUSING FINANCE AGENCY RISK-SHARING PROGRAM FOR INSURED AFFORDABLE MULTIFAMILY PROJECT LOANS Housing Finance Agency Requirements § 266.100 Qualified housing finance agency (HFA). (a)...

  14. 77 FR 46653 - Defense Logistics Agency Privacy Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-06

    ... of the Secretary 32 CFR Part 323 RIN 0790-AI86 Defense Logistics Agency Privacy Program AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, DoD. ACTION: Proposed rule with request for comments. SUMMARY: The Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) is proposing to amend the DLA Privacy Program Regulation. The DLA Privacy...

  15. 76 FR 63295 - Agency Information Collection Activities OMB Responses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Agency Information Collection Activities OMB Responses AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency... Number 2392.02; Fuel Economy Labeling of Motor Vehicles (Final Rule); 40 CFR parts 85, 86, and 600;...

  16. Distributed Saturation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chung, Ming-Ying; Ciardo, Gianfranco; Siminiceanu, Radu I.

    2007-01-01

    The Saturation algorithm for symbolic state-space generation, has been a recent break-through in the exhaustive veri cation of complex systems, in particular globally-asyn- chronous/locally-synchronous systems. The algorithm uses a very compact Multiway Decision Diagram (MDD) encoding for states and the fastest symbolic exploration algo- rithm to date. The distributed version of Saturation uses the overall memory available on a network of workstations (NOW) to efficiently spread the memory load during the highly irregular exploration. A crucial factor in limiting the memory consumption during the symbolic state-space generation is the ability to perform garbage collection to free up the memory occupied by dead nodes. However, garbage collection over a NOW requires a nontrivial communication overhead. In addition, operation cache policies become critical while analyzing large-scale systems using the symbolic approach. In this technical report, we develop a garbage collection scheme and several operation cache policies to help on solving extremely complex systems. Experiments show that our schemes improve the performance of the original distributed implementation, SmArTNow, in terms of time and memory efficiency.

  17. Damage Distributions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lützen, Marie

    2001-01-01

    The purpose of Task 2.2 of the HARDER project is according to the work package description: For various structural configurations of the struck ship and using the results of Task 2.1, the probability distributions for the damage location and size will be derived. The format will be similar to the...... damage statistics and bow height statistics for vessels in the world fleet. The proposals for the p-, r-, and v-factors have been compared to factors from current regulation by examples.......The purpose of Task 2.2 of the HARDER project is according to the work package description: For various structural configurations of the struck ship and using the results of Task 2.1, the probability distributions for the damage location and size will be derived. The format will be similar to the p...... between the damage location, the damage sizes and the main particulars of the struck vessel. From the numerical simulation and the analyse of the damage statistics it is found that the current formulation from the IMO SLF 43/3/2 can be used as basis for determination of the p-, r-, and v...

  18. INVISIBLE GIANTS IN BROADCAST JOURNALISM: news agencies and the global news ecosystem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cleidejane Esperidião

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Key actors of the global informational web, the international television news agencies are not often covered in the communications field in Brazil. This paper aims to understand the dynamics established between these transnational companies and their subscribers (world television stations. It attempts to clarify how these western-led news agency companies operate within the flow of communication. It intends to identify production processes (assessment, collection, treatment and radial distribution for the Associated Press Television News (APTN and Reuters Television News (Reuters TV.

  19. 75 FR 21285 - Agency Information Collection Extension

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-23

    ... Information Collection Extension AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice and request for Comments... forms of information technology. DATES: Comments regarding this proposed information collection must be... cooperative agreements under the Department's financial assistance programs. The information is used...

  20. 77 FR 55197 - Agency Information Collection Extension

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-07

    ... Information Collection Extension AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice and request for comments... forms of information technology. DATES: Comments regarding this proposed information collection must be... information collection instrument and instructions should be directed to Jacqueline D. Rogers, U.S....

  1. 78 FR 19695 - Agency Information Collection Extension

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-02

    ... Information Collection Extension AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy. ] ACTION: Notice and request for comments... forms of information technology. DATES: Comments regarding this proposed information collection must be... Budget. Respondents to this information collection request will be the Department of Energy's...

  2. 76 FR 63289 - Agency Information Collection Extension

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-12

    ... Information Collection Extension AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice and request for comments... information technology. DATES: Comments regarding this proposed information collection must be received on or....: 1910-5118; (2) Information Collection Request Title: ``Technology Partnerships Ombudsmen...

  3. 77 FR 26749 - Agency Information Collection Extension

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-07

    ... Information Collection Extension AGENCY: U.S. Department of Energy. ACTION: Notice and Request for Comments... forms of information technology. DATES: Comments regarding this proposed information collection must be... email at: eva.auman@hq.doe.gov . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Eva Auman, GC-63, Department of...

  4. Intercountry Adoption Agencies and the HCIA

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P. Selman (Peter)

    2014-01-01

    textabstractThis report discusses concerns raised by participants of Thematic Area 3 (Intercountry Adoption Agencies and the HCIA) of the International Forum on Intercountry Adoption and Global Surrogacy held in August 2014. The aim is to report the views of those participating in this area on the i

  5. 22 CFR 16.8 - Agency review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...), the Director of Personnel and Manpower (AID), and the Chief, Employee-Management Relations Division..., regulation or agency policy which the grievant may believe was violated or misapplied; copies of any correspondence under § 16.7(a), any documentary evidence readily available to the grievant on which the...

  6. Student Agency Experience in Public Relations Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McDonald, Becky A.; Carrick, Tonya

    This study examined the existence and use of student-operated public relations/advertising agencies which operate outside the classroom as well as in conjunction with a class. Journalism programs in the United States which were listed as having a public relations sequence, major, emphasis, or concentration were surveyed; of these 110 responded for…

  7. The International Atomic Energy Agency Flag Code

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The document reproduces the text of the IAEA Flag Code which was promulgated by the Director General on 15 September 1999, pursuant to the decision of the Board of Governors on 10 June 1999 to adopt an Agency flag as described in document GOV/1999/41 and its use in accordance with a flag code to be promulgated by the Director General

  8. Praxis and Agency in Foucault's Historiography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fendler, Lynn

    2004-01-01

    This paper examines the consequences for agency that Foucault's historiographical approach constructs. The analysis begins by explaining the difference between "legislative history" and "exemplary history," drawing parallels to similar theoretical distinctions offered in the works of Max Weber, J.L. Austin, and Zygmunt Bauman. The analysis…

  9. The financial regulations of the Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On 14 September 1994, the Board of Governors approved revised Financial Regulations of the Agency, with implementation of these Regulations beginning 1 January 1995. The Financial Regulations, as revised, are reproduced in this document for the information of all Member States

  10. Standard specification for agencies performing nondestructive testing

    CERN Document Server

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2009-01-01

    1.1 This specification covers minimum requirements for agencies performing nondestructive testing (NDT). 1.2 When using this specification to assess the capability of, or to accredit NDT agencies, Guide E 1359 shall be used as a basis for the survey. It can be supplemented as necessary with more detail in order to meet the auditor's specific needs. 1.3 This specification can be used as a basis to evaluate testing or inspection agencies, or both, and is intended for use for the qualifying or accrediting, or both, of testing or inspection agencies, public or private. 1.4 The use of SI or inch-pound units, or combination thereof, will be the responsibility of the technical committee whose standards are referred to in this standard. 1.5 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety concerns, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to...

  11. 34 CFR 300.33 - Public agency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Public agency. 300.33 Section 300.33 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF SPECIAL EDUCATION AND REHABILITATIVE SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION ASSISTANCE TO STATES FOR THE EDUCATION OF CHILDREN...

  12. 19 CFR 191.9 - Agency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... compensation to show that the relationship is an agency rather than a sale; (ii) How transfers of merchandise... principal over the agent's performance of work; (v) The party who is to bear the risk of loss on the... principal's ownership interest under this section. (3) Sales prohibited. The relationship between...

  13. Ethics from the Viewpoint of Organized Agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martens, Rainer; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Four papers on ethics from the viewpoint of organized agencies are presented: (1) "Business, Ethics, and the Physical Activity Field" (R. Martens); (2) "On Old Wine and New Bottles: The Transformation of Ethical Emphasis in Higher Education" (C. Thomas); (3) a reaction to the first two papers; and (4) "American Academy of Physical Education Ethics…

  14. Agencies and Science-Experiment Risk

    CERN Document Server

    Johnson, Eric E

    2016-01-01

    There is a curious absence of legal constraints on U.S. government agencies undertaking potentially risky scientific research. Some of these activities may present a risk of killing millions or even destroying the planet. Current law leaves it to agencies to decide for themselves whether their activities fall within the bounds of acceptable risk. This Article explores to what extent and under what circumstances the law ought to allow private actions against such non-regulatory agency endeavors. Engaging with this issue is not only interesting in its own right, it allows us to test fundamental concepts of agency competence and the role of the courts. Two case studies provide a foundation for discussion: NASA's use of plutonium power supplies on spacecraft, which critics say could cause millions of cancers in the event of atmospheric disintegration, and a Department of Energy particle-collider experiment (the RHIC, or Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider) that allegedly poses a small risk of collapsing the Earth (vi...

  15. 75 FR 36375 - Proposed Agency Information Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-25

    ... transformational new energy technologies and systems through funding and managing research and development (R&D... the use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. DATES: Comments...) Information Collection Request Title: Advanced Research Projects Agency--Energy (ARPA-E); (3) Type of...

  16. 7 CFR 1794.33 - Agency action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 12 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Agency action. 1794.33 Section 1794.33 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) RURAL UTILITIES SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... action. RUS may act on an application for financial assistance upon determining, based on the review...

  17. Corporate Social Responsibility and Labour Agency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund-Thomsen, Peter; Coe, Neil M.

    2015-01-01

    This article examines the circumstances under which corporate social responsibility (CSR) initiatives facilitate and/or constrain labour agency in global production networks (GPNs). Using a case study of Nike’s CSR approach in the football manufacturing industry of Pakistan, we explore the extent...

  18. 28 CFR 800.5 - Agency components.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Services. (11) Office of Management and Administration. (12) Office of Human Resources. (b) PSA. (1) Office... Drug Testing Laboratory). (5) Human Resources Management. (6) Finance and Administration. ... ORGANIZATION AND FUNCTIONS § 800.5 Agency components. (a) CSOSA. (1) Office of the Director (including...

  19. 78 FR 11175 - Agency Information Collection Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-15

    ... origin, sex or disability status; (2) Evaluate the accuracy of the agency's estimate of the burden of the... the collection and analysis of data on the race, national origin, sex and disability status of..., national origin, sex, and disability status of applicants. In order to avoid unnecessary duplication...

  20. The Role of Beliefs in Teacher Agency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biesta, Gert; Priestley, Mark; Robinson, Sarah

    2015-01-01

    There is an ongoing tension within educational policy worldwide between countries that seek to reduce the opportunities for teachers to exert judgement and control over their own work, and those who seek to promote it. Some see teacher agency as a weakness within the operation of schools and seek to replace it with evidence-based and data-driven…

  1. Activity Theory and Language Teacher Agency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feryok, Anne

    2012-01-01

    This article takes a broadly sociocultural perspective on the development of an Armenian English as a foreign language (EFL) teacher. It focuses on how experiences and actions outside the professional development classroom influence language teacher agency. The paper is framed within activity theory and specifically draws on Galperin's orienting…

  2. Corporate Social Responsibility and Labor Agency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund-Thomsen, Peter; Coe, Neil

    This article examines the circumstances under which CSR initiatives facilitate and/or constrain labor agency in GPNs. Using a case study of Nike’s CSR approach in the football manufacturing industry of Pakistan, we explore how the CSR measures advocated in a new, emerging policy paradigm on CSR i...

  3. 48 CFR 2915.606 - Agency procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...) Inform the offeror of this transfer in writing (preferably by facsimile or other electronic means). (2....606 Section 2915.606 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF LABOR CONTRACTING METHODS AND CONTRACT TYPES CONTRACTING BY NEGOTIATION Unsolicited Proposals 2915.606 Agency procedures....

  4. Discounts at the Carlson Wagonlit travel agency

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    The Carlson Wagonlit travel agency is offering exceptional discounts of up to 40% for bookings with M-Travel before 29 February 2008 and Helvetic Tours before 30 March 2008. For terms and conditions and further information please contact the CERN Carlson Wagonlit Travel office, Main Building (500), Tel. 72763.

  5. 48 CFR 5119.1004 - Participating agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Participating agencies. 5119.1004 Section 5119.1004 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEPARTMENT OF THE ARMY ACQUISITION REGULATIONS SMALL BUSINESS AND SMALL DISADVANTAGED BUSINESS CONCERNS Small Business...

  6. 48 CFR 19.1004 - Participating agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Participating agencies. 19.1004 Section 19.1004 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS Small Business Competitiveness Demonstration Program...

  7. From Assigning to Designing Technological Agency

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Waelbers, Katinka

    2009-01-01

    In What Things Do, Verbeek (What things do: philosophical reflections on technology, agency and design. Penn State University Press, University Park, 2005a) develops a vocabulary for understanding the social role of technological artifacts in our culture and in our daily lives. He understands this r

  8. Enhancing the Capability of Central Finance Agencies

    OpenAIRE

    Allen, Richard; Grigoli, Francesco

    2012-01-01

    A well-organized and effective finance ministry and its associated central finance agencies (CFAs) are essential to good fiscal outcomes. Recent studies of CFAs in selected low-income countries demonstrate that their organizational structure varies widely and that decision making on public finance is strongly influenced by political economy factors. This note presents some common themes ar...

  9. Federal agency support for healthy homes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Mary Jean; Ammon, Matthew; Grevatt, Peter

    2010-01-01

    Numerous studies have demonstrated that housing interventions such as addressing structural deficiencies or lack of safety devices improve health. These successes, coupled with reports by health care and housing professionals of other health and safety issues in homes that they were unable to address, have renewed interest in promoting health by addressing unhealthy housing conditions--but with a holistic approach. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, US Department of Housing and Urban Development, and US Environmental Protection Agency fund programs to improve indoor air and drinking water quality and prevent childhood lead poisoning. All of these programs offer valuable lessons for designing more integrated programs. The federal agencies and their grantees have demonstrated that interagency collaboration is essential for successful outcomes. However, the Department of Housing and Urban Development, the Environmental Protection Agency, and the Centers for Disease Control recognize that no individual agency has all of the necessary resources or expertise to formulate national programs and policies and implement a national healthy homes agenda. Thus, they have come together with the US Department of Health and Human Services, the Department of Energy, the US Department of Agriculture, the National Institute of Standards and Technology, the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, and the Office of the Surgeon General to form an interagency working group to ensure that vigorous, healthy homes policies are implemented at federal, national, and community levels.

  10. International Atomic Energy Agency: Highlights of activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document provides a brief, well-illustrated summary of the activities of the International Atomic Energy Agency in the months up to September 1992. Especially mentioned are the programmes to enhance the safety of nuclear power, from the study of nuclear reactors to assessing the radiological consequences of reactor accidents, and the areas of non-proliferation and safeguards

  11. International Atomic Energy Agency. Highlights of activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document provides a brief, well-illustrated summary of the activities of the International Atomic Energy Agency in the months up to September 1991. Especially mentioned are the programmes to enhance the safety of nuclear power, from the study of nuclear reactors to assessing the radiological consequences of reactor accidents, and the areas of non-proliferation and safeguards

  12. Female Agency in the Urban Economy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonton, Deborah Leigh

    the dynamics of culture – both as definition and as practice. The urban dimension reveals much about how socio-political shifts took place. This book proposes to examine the first of these themes. Situated in eighteenth-century urban culture, it explores the activities and agency of women in these commercial...

  13. Intergovernmental organisation activities: European Atomic Energy Community, International Atomic Energy Agency, OECD Nuclear Energy Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    European Atomic Energy Community: Proposed legislative instruments, Adopted legislative instruments, Non-legislative instruments, Other activities (meetings). International Atomic Energy Agency: IAEA Action Plan on Nuclear Safety. OECD Nuclear Energy Agency: The Russian Federation to join the OECD Nuclear Energy Agency; Participation by the regulatory authorities of India and the United Arab Emirates in the Multinational Design Evaluation Programme (MDEP); NEA International Workshop on Crisis Communication, 9-10 May 2012; International School of Nuclear Law: 2013; Next NEA International Nuclear Law Essentials Course

  14. French local agencies of energy control; Agences locales francaise de maitrise de l'energie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    In the framework of the SAVE program, the European Commission brings financial assistance to the creation of local or regional agencies of energy control in municipalities and regions. The main criteria are the impacts on the energy demand, the reinforcement of the economic and social cohesion, the environmental quality and the contribution to the economic development and the employment creation. In this document, realized by Energie-Cites, the Ademe objective is to present a state of the art of french local agencies. Ten agencies are presented as case study. Each case deals with the following topics: the main context of the action which details the energy and the environmental policy of the municipality, the creation and the description of the agency, the implemented actions and the perspectives. (A.L.B.)

  15. National Nuclear Management and Control Agency (NNCA)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The National Nuclear Management and Control Agency (NNCA) is an independent agency for safeguards and material control for nuclear activities in the Republic of Korea. Formerly subordinate to the Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute (KAERI), it is temporarily associated with the Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety (KINS). In mid-2006 it will become fully independent. The NNCA is responsible for safeguards within the ROK, cooperates with the IAEA, and supports technical needs of the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST). In addition, it has responsibilities in export controls and physical protection. In the future the NNCA expects to become a national 'think tank' for nuclear control and nonproliferation issues. This presentation enumerated the many responsibilities of the NNCA and explained the structure and staffing of the organization. (author)

  16. Planning the expansion of distribution: technical and regulatory considerations; Planejamento da expansao da distribuicao: consideracoes tecnicas e regulatorias

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, Afonso Henriques Moreira; Haddad, Jamil; Cruz, Ricardo Alexandre Passos da [Universidade Federal de Itajuba (EXCEN/UNIFEI), MG (Brazil). Centro de Excelencia em Eficiencia Energetica, Recursos Naturais e Energia

    2008-07-01

    The article presents the basis for the new planning of power distribution highlighting the beginning of the public hearing process for the creation of PRODIST: Procedures for Distribution of Electric Power by the ANEEL - National Agency of Electrical Energy.

  17. The role of beliefs in teacher agency

    OpenAIRE

    Biesta, Gert; Priestley, Mark; Robinson, Sarah

    2015-01-01

    There is an ongoing tension within educational policy worldwide between countriesthat seek to reduce the opportunities for teachers to exert judgement andcontrol over their own work, and those who seek to promote it. Some see teacheragency as a weakness within the operation of schools and seek to replace it withevidence-based and data-driven approaches, whereas others argue that becauseof the complexities of situated educational practices, teacher agency is an indispensableelement of good and...

  18. Sense of agency, associative learning, and schizotypy

    OpenAIRE

    J. Moore; Dickinson, A.; Fletcher, P C

    2011-01-01

    Despite the fact that the role of learning is recognised in empirical and theoretical work on sense of agency (SoA), the nature of this learning has, rather surprisingly, received little attention. In the present study we consider the contribution of associative mechanisms to SoA. SoA can be measured quantitatively as a temporal linkage between voluntary actions and their external effects. Using an outcome blocking procedure, it was shown that training action-outcome associations under condit...

  19. Psychological Agency - Guidance of Visual Attention

    OpenAIRE

    Buehler, Denis

    2014-01-01

    My dissertation contributes to the study of agency by furthering our understanding of individuals' guidance of their acts. When individuals guide a shift of visual attention, their central executive system assigns priority to locations on the priority map. The central executive system is a psychological system for intermodal, often amodal, non-modular processing. The priority map is a representational state with geometrically structured content, representing the field of vision. This represen...

  20. Labor market discrimination as an agency cost

    OpenAIRE

    Méon, Pierre-Guillaume; Szafarz, Ariane

    2008-01-01

    This paper studies labor market discriminations as an agency problem. It sets up a principal-agent model of a firm, where the manager is a taste discriminator and has to make unobservable hiring decisions that determine the shareholder’s profits because workers differ in skills. The paper shows that performance-based contracts may moderate the manager’s propensity to discriminate, but that they are unlikely to fully eliminate discrimination. Moreover, the model predicts that sectors with high...

  1. Securitization Rating Performance and Agency Incentives

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Roesch; Harald Scheule

    2011-01-01

    This paper provides an empirical study, which assesses the historical performance of credit rating agency (CRA) ratings for securitizations before and during the financial crisis. The paper finds that CRAs do not sufficiently address the systematic risk of the underlying collateral pools as well as characteristics of the deal and tranche structure in their ratings. The paper also finds that impairment risk is understated during origination years and years with high securitization volumes when...

  2. Malaysian Nuclear Agency: Annual report 2010

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The establishment of Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Nuclear Malaysia) was mooted from idea of the then Malaysia's Deputy Prime Minister, Tun Dr. Ismail Dato Abdul Rahman, that Malaysia should play a role in the development of nuclear science and technology for peaceful purposes. The Centre for Application of Nuclear Energy (CRANE) was the entity to mark the of Malaysia's nuclear programme, focussing on manpower development for a nuclear power programme to provide an option for energy source, following the worldwide oil crisis of the early 1970s. The Cabinet officially approved the establishment of the Tun Ismail Atomic Research Centre (PUSPATI), under the Ministry of Science, Technology and the environment on 19 September 1972. The era of nuclear research in Malaysia began with the historic event signified by the Reaktor TRIGA PUSPATI reaching its first criticality on 28 June 1982. When PUSPATI was placed under the auspices of the Prime Ministers Department, it assumed the name Nuclear Energy Unit (UTN). The Nuclear Energy Unit was later placed under the Minister of Science, Technology and the Environment. In line with the national development, the institute was name Malaysian Institute for Nuclear Technology Research (MINT) on 10 August 1994. To reflect its vision, mission, objectives and activities in the challenging world, a new identity was established, and was officially named as Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Nuclear Malaysia) on 28 September 2006. Nuclear Malaysia, is strategically located nearby the government administration, centre Putrajaya, and Cyberjaya. These annual report highlights all the activities that have been through by the agency in 2010. All the achievements and triumph were highlights in this annual report. It also contained all the agency planning during 2010 to fulfill the objectives, mission and vision to become main players in nuclear research in Malaysia. Finally, there also highlights some publications contribute by all the researchers from

  3. Malaysian Nuclear Agency; Annual report 2014

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The establishment of Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Nuclear Malaysia) was mooted from idea of the then Malaysia's Deputy Prime Minister, Tun Dr. Ismail Dato Abdul Rahman, that Malaysia should play a role in the development of nuclear science and technology for peaceful purposes. The Centre for Application of Nuclear Energy (CRANE) was the entity to mark the of Malaysia's nuclear programme, focussing on manpower development for a nuclear power programme to provide an option for energy source, following the worldwide oil crisis of the early 1970s. The Cabinet officially approved the establishment of the Tun Ismail Atomic Research Centre (PUSPATI), under the Ministry of Science, Technology and the environment on 19 September 1972. The era of nuclear research in Malaysia began with the historic event signified by the Reaktor TRIGA PUSPATI reaching its first criticality on 28 June 1982. When PUSPATI was placed under the auspices of the Prime Ministers Department, it assumed the name Nuclear Energy Unit (UTN). The Nuclear Energy Unit was later placed under the Minister of Science, Technology and the Environment. In line with the national development, the institute was name Malaysian Institute for Nuclear Technology Research (MINT) on 10 August 1994. To reflect its vision, mission, objectives and activities in the challenging world, a new identity was established, and was officially named as Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Nuclear Malaysia) on 28 September 2006. Nuclear Malaysia, is strategically located nearby the government administration, centre Putrajaya, and Cyberjaya. These annual report highlights all the activities that have been through by the agency in 2014. All the achievements and triumph were highlights in this annual report. It also contained all the agency planning during 2014 to fulfill the objectives, mission and vision to become main players in nuclear research in Malaysia. Finally, there also highlights some publications contribute by all the researchers

  4. Malaysian Nuclear Agency; Annual report 2011

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The establishment of Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Nuclear Malaysia) was mooted from idea of the then Malaysia's Deputy Prime Minister, Tun Dr. Ismail Dato Abdul Rahman, that Malaysia should play a role in the development of nuclear science and technology for peaceful purposes. The Centre for Application of Nuclear Energy (CRANE) was the entity to mark the of Malaysia's nuclear programme, focussing on manpower development for a nuclear power programme to provide an option for energy source, following the worldwide oil crisis of the early 1970s. The Cabinet officially approved the establishment of the Tun Ismail Atomic Research Centre (PUSPATI), under the Ministry of Science, Technology and the environment on 19 September 1972. The era of nuclear research in Malaysia began with the historic event signified by the Reaktor TRIGA PUSPATI reaching its first criticality on 28 June 1982. When PUSPATI was placed under the auspices of the Prime Ministers Department, it assumed the name Nuclear Energy Unit (UTN). The Nuclear Energy Unit was later placed under the Minister of Science, Technology and the Environment. In line with the national development, the institute was name Malaysian Institute for Nuclear Technology Research (MINT) on 10 August 1994. To reflect its vision, mission, objectives and activities in the challenging world, a new identity was established, and was officially named as Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Nuclear Malaysia) on 28 September 2006. Nuclear Malaysia, is strategically located nearby the government administration, centre Putrajaya, and Cyberjaya. These annual report highlights all the activities that have been through by the agency in 2011. All the achievements and triumph were highlights in this annual report. It also contained all the agency planning during 2011 to fulfill the objectives, mission and vision to become main players in nuclear research in Malaysia. Finally, there also highlights some publications contribute by all the researchers from

  5. Malaysian Nuclear Agency; Annual report 2013

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The establishment of Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Nuclear Malaysia) was mooted from idea of the then Malaysia's Deputy Prime Minister, Tun Dr. Ismail Dato Abdul Rahman, that Malaysia should play a role in the development of nuclear science and technology for peaceful purposes. The Centre for Application of Nuclear Energy (CRANE) was the entity to mark the of Malaysia's nuclear programme, focussing on manpower development for a nuclear power programme to provide an option for energy source, following the worldwide oil crisis of the early 1970s. The Cabinet officially approved the establishment of the Tun Ismail Atomic Research Centre (PUSPATI), under the Ministry of Science, Technology and the environment on 19 September 1972. The era of nuclear research in Malaysia began with the historic event signified by the Reaktor TRIGA PUSPATI reaching its first criticality on 28 June 1982. When PUSPATI was placed under the auspices of the Prime Ministers Department, it assumed the name Nuclear Energy Unit (UTN). The Nuclear Energy Unit was later placed under the Minister of Science, Technology and the Environment. In line with the national development, the institute was name Malaysian Institute for Nuclear Technology Research (MINT) on 10 August 1994. To reflect its vision, mission, objectives and activities in the challenging world, a new identity was established, and was officially named as Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Nuclear Malaysia) on 28 September 2006. Nuclear Malaysia, is strategically located nearby the government administration, centre Putrajaya, and Cyberjaya. These annual report highlights all the activities that have been through by the agency in 2013. All the achievements and triumph were highlights in this annual report. It also contained all the agency planning during 2013 to fulfill the objectives, mission and vision to become main players in nuclear research in Malaysia. Finally, there also highlights some publications contribute by all the researchers

  6. China and the Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency

    OpenAIRE

    Yushu Feng

    1997-01-01

    The Multilateral Investment Guarantee Agency (MIGA), established in 1988, is part of the World Bank Group. Its mandate is to promote foreign investment in its member countries by providing political risk insurance and technical assistance to promote investment. In developing this case study of China's evolving relationship with MIGA, the author asked: Why did China decide to seek membership in MIGA? What was the outcome of the relationship between China and MIGA? How has that relationship aff...

  7. Do temporary agency workers affect workplace performance?

    OpenAIRE

    Bryson, Alex

    2013-01-01

    Using nationally representative workplace data we find the use of temporary agency workers (TAW) is positively associated with financial performance in the British private sector and weakly associated with higher sales per employee. However TAW is not associated with value added per employee. Employees in workplaces with TAW receive higher wages than observationally equivalent employees in non-TAW workplaces. But the presence of TAW in the employee’s occupation is associated with lower wages ...

  8. Malaysian Nuclear Agency: Annual report 2009

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The establishment of Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Nuclear Malaysia) was mooted from idea of the then Malaysia's Deputy Prime Minister, Tun Dr. Ismail Dato Abdul Rahman, that Malaysia should play a role in the development of nuclear science and technology for peaceful purposes. The Centre for Application of Nuclear Energy (CRANE) was the entity to mark the of Malaysia's nuclear programme, focussing on manpower development for a nuclear power programme to provide an option for energy source, following the worldwide oil crisis of the early 1970s. The Cabinet officially approved the establishment of the Tun Ismail Atomic Research Centre (PUSPATI), under the Ministry of Science, Technology and the environment on 19 September 1972. The era of nuclear research in Malaysia began with the historic event signified by the Reaktor TRIGA PUSPATI reaching its first criticality on 28 June 1982. When PUSPATI was placed under the auspices of the Prime Ministers Department, it assumed the name Nuclear Energy Unit (UTN). The Nuclear Energy Unit was later placed under the Minister of Science, Technology and the Environment. In line with the national development, the institute was name Malaysian Institute for Nuclear Technology Research (MINT) on 10 August 1994. To reflect its vision, mission, objectives and activities in the challenging world, a new identity was established, and was officially named as Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Nuclear Malaysia) on 28 September 2006. Nuclear Malaysia, is strategically located nearby the government administration, centre Putrajaya, and Cyberjaya. These annual report highlights all the activities that have been through by the agency in 2009. All the achievements and triumph were highlights in this annual report. It also contained all the agency planning during 2009 to fulfill the objectives, mission and vision to become main players in nuclear research in Malaysia. Finally, there also highlights some publications contribute by all the researchers from

  9. Family, Wealth, and Governance: An Agency Account

    OpenAIRE

    Zellweger, Thomas; Kammerlander, Nadine

    2015-01-01

    Family firms often evolve into ownership constellations with multiple family owners. Building on agency theory, we argue that the growing complexity within a group of family blockholders gives rise to what we label family blockholder conflicts, defined as conflicts within a group of family owners. To curb family blockholder conflicts, families often separate the family from its assets and install intermediary governance structures. We explore four frequently applied structures (uncoordinated ...

  10. The technology of meaning: theorizing user agency

    OpenAIRE

    Klingbeil, Melanie Wendi

    2007-01-01

    This thesis addresses the question of how users can be seen as legitimate agents in technology’s generative process, a question essential to defining freedom in a technologically mediated society. User agency, the capacity to influence the social world, rests on users’ awareness of how technology shapes thought and action. This thesis explains this shaping by re-conceptualizing technology as deeply connected to social meaning. However, to avoid both essentialism and relativism, this thesis pr...

  11. Malaysian Nuclear Agency: Annual report 2008

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The establishment of Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Nuclear Malaysia) was mooted from idea of the then Malaysia's Deputy Prime Minister, Tun Dr. Ismail Dato Abdul Rahman, that Malaysia should play a role in the development of nuclear science and technology for peaceful purposes. The Centre for Application of Nuclear Energy (CRANE) was the entity to mark the of Malaysia's nuclear programme, focussing on manpower development for a nuclear power programme to provide an option for energy source, following the worldwide oil crisis of the early 1970s. The Cabinet officially approved the establishment of the Tun Ismail Atomic Research Centre (PUSPATI), under the Ministry of Science, Technology and the environment on 19 September 1972. The era of nuclear research in Malaysia began with the historic event signified by the Reaktor TRIGA PUSPATI reaching its first criticality on 28 June 1982. When PUSPATI was placed under the auspices of the Prime Ministers Department, it assumed the name Nuclear Energy Unit (UTN). The Nuclear Energy Unit was later placed under the Minister of Science, Technology and the Environment. In line with the national development, the institute was name Malaysian Institute for Nuclear Technology Research (MINT) on 10 August 1994. To reflect its vision, mission, objectives and activities in the challenging world, a new identity was established, and was officially named as Malaysian Nuclear Agency (Nuclear Malaysia) on 28 September 2006. Nuclear Malaysia, is strategically located nearby the government administration, centre Putrajaya, and Cyberjaya. These annual report highlights all the activities that have been through by the agency in 2008. All the achievements and triumph were highlights in this annual report. It also contained all the agency planning during 2008 to fulfill the objectives, mission and vision to become main players in nuclear research in Malaysia. Finally, there also highlights some publications contribute by all the researchers from

  12. Fiscal forecast errors: governments vs independent agencies?

    OpenAIRE

    Rossana Merola; Pérez, Javier J.

    2012-01-01

    The fact that the literature tends to find optimistic biases in national fiscal projections has led to a growing recognition in the academic and policy arenas of the need for independent forecasts in the fiscal domain, prepared by independent agencies, such as the European Commission in the case of Europe. Against this background the aim of this paper is to test: (i) whether the forecasting performance of governments is indeed worse than that of international organizations, and (ii) whether f...

  13. The Problem of Agency Re-visited

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rose, Jeremy; Jones, Matthew; Truex, Duane

    2005-01-01

    We analyze five commentaries to our ‘Socio-theoretic Accounts of IS: the Problem of Agency’ paper. We find more commonalty in the way we think about theory and theory development in the IS field than expected, and clear up some misconceptions about our intentions. Actor network IS theorists...... are reluctant to accept the way we frame the problem of agency and we consider some of their arguments and propose counter arguments....

  14. Motor agency: a new and highly sensitive measure to reveal agency disturbances in early psychosis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélène Wilquin

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Early diagnosis of young adults at risk of schizophrenia is essential for preventive approaches of the illness. Nevertheless, classic screening instruments are difficult to use because of the non-specific nature of the signs at this pre-onset phase of illness. The objective of the present contribution was to propose an innovating test that can probe the more specific symptom of psychosis, i.e., the sense of agency, which is defined as being the immediate experience of oneself as the cause of an action. More specifically, we tested whether motor agency is abnormal in early psychosis. METHODS: Thirty-two young symptomatic patients and their age-matched controls participated in the study. 15 of these patients were at ultra high-risk for developing psychosis (UHR, and 17 patients were suffering from first-episode psychosis (FEP. Patients' neurocognitive capacities were assessed through the use of seven neuropsychological tests. A motor agency task was also introduced to obtain an objective indicator of the degree of sense of agency, by contrasting force levels applied during other and self-produced collisions between a hand-held objet and a pendulum. RESULTS: As reported in the literature for adult controls, healthy adolescents used more efficient force levels in self than in other-imposed collisions. For both UHR and FEP patients, abnormally high levels of grip force were used for self-produced collisions, leading to an absence of difference between self and other. The normalized results revealed that motor agency differentiated patients from controls with a higher level of sensitivity than the more classic neuropsychological test battery. CONCLUSIONS: This study is in favour of the existence of an abnormal sense of agency early in the psychotic illness. Because it is quick and none verbal, motor agency may be a valuable tool to use in complement to classic interviews, especially when investigating complex ineffable experiences that are

  15. 75 FR 8389 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request, OMB No...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-24

    ... Investment Justification. SUMMARY: The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has submitted the... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB... Communications Grant Program (IECGP) AGENCY: Federal Emergency Management Agency, DHS. ACTION: Notice;...

  16. 78 FR 60300 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; FEMA's...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    ... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; FEMA's Grants Reporting Tool (GRT) AGENCY: Federal Emergency Management Agency, DHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) will submit...

  17. 75 FR 43995 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request, OMB No...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-27

    ...). SUMMARY: The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) will submit the information collection abstracted... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB... Sheet AGENCY: Federal Emergency Management Agency, DHS. ACTION: Notice; 30-day notice and request...

  18. 75 FR 38115 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request, OMB No...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Investment Justification Template. SUMMARY: The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has submitted the... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB... (SHSP) Tribal AGENCY: Federal Emergency Management Agency, DHS. ACTION: Notice; 30-day notice...

  19. 78 FR 39304 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request; FEMA Preparedness...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-01

    ... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection... Management Agency, DHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Federal Emergency Management Agency, as part of its..., Federal Emergency Management Agency, Department of Homeland Security. BILLING CODE 9111-19-P...

  20. 75 FR 8387 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request, OMB No...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-24

    ... Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has submitted the information collection abstracted below to the Office... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB... Program (DLSGP) AGENCY: Federal Emergency Management Agency, DHS. ACTION: Notice; 30-day notice...

  1. 75 FR 8385 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request, OMB No...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-24

    .... SUMMARY: The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has submitted the information collection... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB...) AGENCY: Federal Emergency Management Agency, DHS. ACTION: Notice; 30-day notice and request for...

  2. 78 FR 60299 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; FEMA...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-01

    ... Management Agency, DHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) will submit... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB... Department of Homeland Security, Federal Emergency Management Agency, and sent via electronic mail to...

  3. 76 FR 28757 - Defense Logistics Agency Revised Regulation 1000.22, Environmental Considerations in Defense...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-18

    ... of the Secretary Defense Logistics Agency Revised Regulation 1000.22, Environmental Considerations in Defense Logistics Agency Actions AGENCY: Defense Logistics Agency, Department of Defense. ACTION: Notice of Availability (NOA) of Revised Defense Logistics Agency Regulation. SUMMARY: The Defense...

  4. Co-operative governance and management control systems: an agency costs theoretical approach

    OpenAIRE

    Sigismundo Bialoskorski Neto; Marcelo Francini Girão Barroso; Amaury José Rezende

    2012-01-01

    Co-operative organizations have a unique property and decision rights distribution system that involve management problems and transaction costs. Such structure creates equity rights and risk transfers that directly affect these organizations' self-management efficiency. This paper analyses those costs and sources of inefficiency to explain their problems in two complementary and different ways. First it discusses main governance aspects that generate agency conflicts; second it analyses the ...

  5. The Factors Affecting on the Risk Management of the Travel Agencies

    OpenAIRE

    Shahnaznayebzadeh; Azadeh Harandi

    2014-01-01

    The present study seeks to examine the factors affecting the risk management of the travel agencies in Yazd province. Using random sampling, 71 questionnaires were distributed. This is an applied study using descriptive surveys. To identify the factors influencing on the risk management, exploratory factor analysis has been used in SPSS software. The findings reveal that the fundamental, economic, competitive and environmental factors, local risk, implicit risk, political risk and business ri...

  6. Agency Secure Image And Storage Tracking System (ASIST)

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — Agency Secure Image and Storage Tracking System (Missions): is a Documentum-based user interface developed and maintained by the USAID OCIO (formerly IRM) to...

  7. 75 FR 54352 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Free Trade Agreements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-07

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Free Trade Agreements... other Federal agencies to comment on an information collection requirement concerning: Free Trade... CBP is soliciting comments concerning the following information collection: Title: Free...

  8. The Members of the Agency. List of 15 February 1971

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    On 15 February 1971 the Members of the Agency were the 102 States listed. It is to be noted that Cambodia became the Khmer Republic on 9 October 1970 and that Nicaragua withdrew from the Agency on 14 December 1970.

  9. 75 FR 57103 - Agency Information Collection Activity Under OMB Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-17

    ... women have equitable access to employment opportunities and that recipients of federal funds do not... use of automated collection techniques or other forms of information technology. Issued On: September... Federal Transit Administration Agency Information Collection Activity Under OMB Review AGENCY:...

  10. State Agency Applications of EOS Data in Texas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wells, G. L.

    2001-05-01

    Texas offers a good model for the introduction of remotely sensed data products into the daily operations of state agencies by virtue of its large size and population. The diversity of the Texas landscape coupled with the long distances traveled to perform site inspections place special burdens on the land resource agencies responsible for monitoring crop conditions, water availability, environmental hazards and other natural resource issues. To assist these agencies, the Texas Synergy team has adopted a two-phase approach that incorporates framework geospatial data products designed for the broad user community with remote sensing applications developed for user-specific analyses. A key element to the success of the effort is the development of remote sensing products within a Texas Reference Frame that corresponds to the components of the high-resolution National Spatial Data Infrastructure developed by the state, such as 1-meter CIR digital orthophotographs, digital elevation models, and vector layers for hypsography, hydrography, soils, transportation and boundaries. Users accustomed to working with NSDI products can easily begin to include recently-collected EOS data presented within the same reference frame. Examples of statewide data products made available through the Texas Synergy project are AVHRR NDVI and MODIS imagery, Landsat 7 ETM+ scenes and SPOT 10-meter panchromatic image tiles. Delivery of the products involves a number of mechanisms from CD distribution to Internet FTP downloads, but increasingly relies upon Internet map services, such as ESRI's ArcIMS. Beyond release of the base imagery products, the Texas Synergy team has worked with the Texas Parks and Wildlife Department, Texas Soil and Water Conservation Board, Texas Department of Agriculture, Texas Water Development Board, National Park Service and USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service on a wide range of data applications. Throughout 1999-2000, the magnitude of drought conditions was

  11. US technical assistance to two specialized agencies of the UN

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reisman, A.W.; Parsick, R.J.; Indusi, J.P.

    1995-12-31

    Specialized agencies of the United Nations are a part of the functioning of the existing world order. Those agencies which verify compliance with specific international treaties will be more important in the future. Two such agencies illustrate UN activities in the area of disarmament and have received special attention: the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) in Vienna, Austria; the Organization for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons (OPCW) in The Hague, Holland.

  12. Renewable energy sources: Energy Efficiency Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The paper presents the activities of the Energy Efficiency Agency, its main functions, as well as the new legislation stimulating the use of RES, stipulated in the new Energy Law of Bulgaria. The second part of the paper describes the potential of renewable energy in i.e. wind energy; solar energy; biomass energy; hydro energy; geothermal energy; draft of a National Program on RES 2005-2015. The third part describes the main issues of the new ENERGY EFFICIENCY LAW and the established Energy efficiency fund. (Author)

  13. Environmental agency in read-alouds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Alandeom W.; Rogers, Patterson; Quigley, Cassie F.; Samburskiy, Denis; Barss, Kimberly; Rivera, Seema

    2015-06-01

    Despite growing interest in helping students become agents of environmental change who can, through informed decision-making and action-taking, transform environmentally detrimental forms of human activity, science educators have reduced agency to rationality by overlooking sociocultural influences such as norms and values. We tackle this issue by examining how elementary teachers and students negotiate and attribute responsibility, credit, or blame for environmental events during three environmental read-alouds. Our verbal analysis and visual representation of meta-agentive discourse revealed varied patterns of agential attribution. First, humans were simultaneously attributed negative agentive roles (agents of endangerment and imbalance) and positive agentive roles (agents of prevention, mitigation, and balance). Second, while wolves at Yellowstone were constructed as intentional (human-like) agents when they crossed over into the human world to kill livestock in nearby farms, polar bears in the Arctic were denied any form of agential responsibility when they approached people's homes. Third, anthropogenic causation of global warming was constructed as distal and indirect chains of cause and effect (i.e., sophisticated sequences of ripple effects), whereas its mitigation and prevention assumed the form of simple and unidirectional causative links (direct and proximal causality). Fourth, the notion of balance of nature was repeatedly used as a justification for environmental conservation but its cause and dynamic nature remained unclear. And, fifth, while one teacher promoted environmental agency by encouraging students to experience positive emotions such as love of nature, freedom, and oneness with nature, the other teachers encouraged students to experience negative emotions such as self-blame and guilt. This study's main significance is that it highlights the need for environmental educators who set out to promote environmental agency to expand the focus of

  14. Analysis of illegal peptide biopharmaceuticals frequently encountered by controlling agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanhee, Celine; Janvier, Steven; Desmedt, Bart; Moens, Goedele; Deconinck, Eric; De Beer, Jacques O; Courselle, Patricia

    2015-09-01

    Recent advances in genomics, recombinant expression technologies and peptide synthesis have led to an increased development of protein and peptide therapeutics. Unfortunately this goes hand in hand with a growing market of counterfeit and illegal biopharmaceuticals, including substances that are still under pre-clinical and clinical development. These counterfeit and illegal protein and peptide substances could imply severe health threats as has been demonstrated by numerous case reports. The Belgian Federal Agency for Medicines and Health Products (FAMHP) and customs are striving, together with their global counterparts, to curtail the trafficking and distributions of these substances. At their request, suspected protein and peptide preparations are analysed in our Official Medicines Control Laboratory (OMCL). It stands to reason that a general screening method would be beneficiary in the battle against counterfeit and illegal peptide drugs. In this paper we present such general screening method employing liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) for the identification of counterfeit and illegal injectable peptide preparations, extended with a subsequent quantification method using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection (UHPLC-DAD). The screening method, taking only 30 min, is able to selectively detect 25 different peptides and incorporates the proposed minimum of five identification points (IP) as has been recommended for sports drug testing applications. The group of peptides represent substances which have already been detected in illegal and counterfeit products seized by different European countries as well as some biopharmaceutical peptides which have not been confiscated yet by the controlling agencies, but are already being used according to the many internet users forums. Additionally, we also show that when applying the same LC gradient, it is also possible to quantify these peptides without the need for

  15. Analysis of illegal peptide biopharmaceuticals frequently encountered by controlling agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanhee, Celine; Janvier, Steven; Desmedt, Bart; Moens, Goedele; Deconinck, Eric; De Beer, Jacques O; Courselle, Patricia

    2015-09-01

    Recent advances in genomics, recombinant expression technologies and peptide synthesis have led to an increased development of protein and peptide therapeutics. Unfortunately this goes hand in hand with a growing market of counterfeit and illegal biopharmaceuticals, including substances that are still under pre-clinical and clinical development. These counterfeit and illegal protein and peptide substances could imply severe health threats as has been demonstrated by numerous case reports. The Belgian Federal Agency for Medicines and Health Products (FAMHP) and customs are striving, together with their global counterparts, to curtail the trafficking and distributions of these substances. At their request, suspected protein and peptide preparations are analysed in our Official Medicines Control Laboratory (OMCL). It stands to reason that a general screening method would be beneficiary in the battle against counterfeit and illegal peptide drugs. In this paper we present such general screening method employing liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) for the identification of counterfeit and illegal injectable peptide preparations, extended with a subsequent quantification method using ultra-high performance liquid chromatography with diode array detection (UHPLC-DAD). The screening method, taking only 30 min, is able to selectively detect 25 different peptides and incorporates the proposed minimum of five identification points (IP) as has been recommended for sports drug testing applications. The group of peptides represent substances which have already been detected in illegal and counterfeit products seized by different European countries as well as some biopharmaceutical peptides which have not been confiscated yet by the controlling agencies, but are already being used according to the many internet users forums. Additionally, we also show that when applying the same LC gradient, it is also possible to quantify these peptides without the need for

  16. An Analysis of Family as a Factor Affecting Purchase Decision Process I n Terms Of Costumers of Travel Agencies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramazan Pars Şahbaz

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study, it was aimed to determine the differences between family factor and kinds of products/services which consumers buy from travel agents, reasons for choosing travel agencies and sources of information that influence the choice of a travel agencies.For this purpose, questionnaire was applied to 1009 costumers of 50 Group A travel agents in Konya province. The data obtained from this study were analysed using statistical software package and frequency distributions were calculated and Chi-Squared= χ2 test was applied to measure the relationship between variables. According to the results of this study, differences have been detected between the family factor and kinds of products/services which consumers buy from travel agents, reasons for choosing travel agencies and sources of information that influence the choice of a travel agencies.

  17. 48 CFR 750.7110-6 - Inter-agency coordination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Inter-agency coordination. 750.7110-6 Section 750.7110-6 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL... Foreign Policy Interests of the United States 750.7110-6 Inter-agency coordination. (a) General. Where...

  18. The annual report for 1997. International Atomic Energy Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Article VI.J of the Agency's Statute requires the Board of Governors to submit 'an annual report to the General Conference concerning the affairs of the Agency and any projects approved by the Agency'. This report covers the period 1 January to 31 December 1997

  19. Community Agency Voice and Benefit in Service-Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miron, Devi; Moely, Barbara E.

    2006-01-01

    Supervisors from 40 community agencies working with a university-based service-learning program were interviewed regarding the extent of their input in service-learning program planning and implementation "(Agency Voice), Interpersonal Relations" with service-learning students, "Perceived Benefit" of the service-learning program to the agency, and…

  20. 13 CFR 105.403 - Designated Agency Ethics Officials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Designated Agency Ethics Officials. 105.403 Section 105.403 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION STANDARDS OF... Agency Ethics Officials. The Designated Agency Ethics Official and Alternates administer the program...

  1. 76 FR 22681 - Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Address Directory

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-22

    ... of the Secretary Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) Address Directory AGENCY: Department of Defense. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Defense Logistics Agency (DLA) is updating its Address Directory which is.... Jody Sinkler, 703-767-5045. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: DLA Address Directory: Defense Logistics...

  2. 7 CFR 3.10 - Aggressive agency collection activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Aggressive agency collection activity. 3.10 Section 3.10 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture DEBT MANAGEMENT Standards for the Administrative Collection and Compromise of Claims § 3.10 Aggressive agency collection activity. An agency...

  3. 31 CFR 901.1 - Aggressive agency collection activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... debt or terminate collection action. See 31 CFR 285.12 (Transfer of Debts to Treasury for Collection... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Aggressive agency collection activity... ADMINISTRATIVE COLLECTION OF CLAIMS § 901.1 Aggressive agency collection activity. (a) Federal agencies...

  4. 78 FR 70065 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Customs Declaration

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-22

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Customs Declaration AGENCY: U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), Department of Homeland Security ACTION: 60-Day notice... and other Federal agencies to comment on an information collection requirement concerning the...

  5. "A Liberation of Powers": Agency and Education for Democracy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyte, Harry C.; Finders, Margaret J.

    2016-01-01

    In this essay Harry Boyte and Margaret Finders argue that addressing the "shrinkage" of education and democracy requires acting politically to reclaim and augment Deweyan agency-focused concepts of democracy and education. Looking at agency from the vantage of civic studies, which advances a politics of agency--a citizen politics that is…

  6. 42 CFR 431.18 - Availability of agency program manuals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Availability of agency program manuals. 431.18 Section 431.18 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... Agency § 431.18 Availability of agency program manuals. (a) Basis and purpose. This section, based...

  7. 42 CFR 1001.2005 - Notice to State licensing agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Notice to State licensing agencies. 1001.2005... § 1001.2005 Notice to State licensing agencies. (a) HHS will promptly notify the appropriate State(s) or local agencies or authorities having responsibility for the licensing or certification of an...

  8. 20 CFR 653.112 - State agency program budget plans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false State agency program budget plans. 653.112... State agency program budget plans. (a) Each State agency, in its annual program budget plan, shall..., respectively. For significant MSFW States, ETA shall establish program performance indicators reflecting...

  9. The annual report for 1998. International Atomic Energy Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Article VI.J of the Agency's Statute requires the Board of Governors to submit 'an annual report to the General Conference concerning the affairs of the Agency and any projects approved by the Agency'. This report covers the period 1 January to 31 December 1998

  10. 78 FR 61362 - Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-03

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Notice of Meetings AGENCY: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ), HHS. ACTION: Notice of Five AHRQ Subcommittee Meetings. SUMMARY: The... remainder of the meeting) 4. Healthcare Safety and Quality Improvement Research (HSQR) Date: October...

  11. Child Marriage, Agency, and Schooling in Rural Honduras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy-Graham, Erin; Leal, Graciela

    2015-01-01

    This article examines the relationships between child marriage, agency, and schooling in rural Honduras. Through an in-depth qualitative case study, we address the following questions: (1) In what ways, if any, do girls exercise agency in their decision to marry? (2) How might education enhance girls' agency, expanding their choice sets and…

  12. Support for Arts Education. State Arts Agency Fact Sheet

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Assembly of State Arts Agencies, 2011

    2011-01-01

    Supporting lifelong learning in the arts is a top priority for state arts agencies. By supporting arts education in the schools, state arts agencies foster young imaginations, address core academic standards, and promote the critical thinking and creativity skills essential to a 21st century work force. State arts agencies also support…

  13. 40 CFR 35.6250 - Support agency Cooperative Agreement requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Cooperative Agreements and Superfund State Contracts for Superfund Response Actions Support Agency Cooperative Agreements § 35.6250 Support agency... 40 Protection of Environment 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Support agency Cooperative...

  14. The annual report for 1999. International Atomic Energy Agency

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Article VI.J of the Agency's Statute requires the Board of Governors to submit 'an annual report to the General Conference concerning the affairs of the Agency and any projects approved by the Agency'. This report covers the period 1 January to 31 December 1999

  15. Locating Agency in Automated Behaviour and Legitimated Authority

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roy, Surya

    2014-01-01

    Most theoretical concerns regarding capabilities centre on the relationship between structure and agency. While there has been a lot of concentration on how agency is constructed, there is little work on now how agency may be recovered or expressed. Trends in both critical social theory and empirica

  16. International Atomic Energy Agency Annual Report 2014. Additional Annex Information

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This annex contains information on: • Coordinated research projects completed in 2014; • Publications issued in 2014; • Training courses, seminars and workshops held in 2014; • Relevant Agency web sites; • Number and types of facilities under Agency safeguards by State as of 31 December 2014 and • Facilities under Agency safeguards or containing safeguarded nuclear material on 31 December 2014

  17. 48 CFR 719.271 - Agency program direction and operation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Agency program direction and operation. 719.271 Section 719.271 Federal Acquisition Regulations System AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT SOCIOECONOMIC PROGRAMS SMALL BUSINESS PROGRAMS Policies 719.271 Agency program direction...

  18. Distribution and status of bats in Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Stebbings, R.E.; Griffith, Francesca

    1986-01-01

    National and international agencies, societies and individuals are increasingly seeking information on the current distribution and status of bats in Europe. The stimulus to produce this report came in 1980 when the Environment and Consumer Protection Service of the Commission of the European Communities (EEC) requested information on the threatened flora and vertebrate fauna within the EEC. This was needed so that there could be a co-ordinated approach to the conservation o...

  19. 49 CFR Attachment 2 - Areas of Environmental Impact and Federal Agencies and Federal-State Agencies With Jurisdiction...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Attachment 2 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC.... Attachment 2—Areas of Environmental Impact and Federal Agencies and Federal-State Agencies With...

  20. 毛南族智慧旅游资金筹措的土地制度创新研究∗%Research on Land System Innovation:On the Fund Raising for Wisdom Tourism by Maonan Nationality

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田富强; 刘鸿明

    2016-01-01

    With the combination of forest ticket system,grassland ticket system and land ticket system,an innovative land system will be established to raise money for Maonan nationality’s wisdom ecology religion tourism.Encouraged by Maonan nationality’s religion ecology thinking,some idle land resources which are good for forest and grass plantation should be efficiently used.Meanwhile, Increasing forest land and grass land and replacing it with farmland can increase construction land in-dex and get money to build brand of Maonan nationality wisdom ecology religion tourism.Elements in this faith-protection-benefit-wisdom brand can promote each other,and religion,ecology,economy, information as well as marketing can cooperate with each other.In Maonan nationality community e-cology is weak,religion belief is well preserved,ecology protection awareness is above the average, and protective development is encouraged.Thus this system,which puts ecology first,promoted by belief with protective exploitation and information support,is suitable for Maonan nationality.Estab-lishing this kind of system is a win-win decision and it is helpful for building the Holy Land of Maonan nationality wisdom ecology religion tourism,which is full of mystery,civilization,development,and is worthy to visit.The system also realizes the model transformation of ecology cooperation with ur-banization.%林票、草票与地票制度组合,建立毛南族筹措智慧生态宗教旅游资金的土地制度创新(慧票)体系。在毛南族宗教生态思想促进下,充分高效利用闲置宜草宜林土地资源;增加林地与草地并与耕地置换,增加建设用地指标,获取资金,打造信仰—保护—效益—智慧—品牌相互促进、宗教—生态—经济—信息—营销协同发展的毛南族智慧生态宗教旅游品牌。对生态脆弱、宗教信仰保存完好、生态保护意识高、实施保护性开发的毛南族聚居区而言,这种生态优先、信仰促进、保护开发、信息支撑的经济发展制度,是符合资源禀赋的多赢举措,有利于打造神秘、文明、发展、宜游的毛南族智慧生态宗教旅游文化圣地,以实现生态与城镇化协同发展的模式转型。

  1. 国外体育赛事融资状况--企业与政府的角色%Fund-Raising for Sports Events in Foreign Countries--Role of Enterprise & Government

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄伟; 张林; 李南筑; 刘兵; 陈书睿

    2004-01-01

    采用文献资料法、案例分析法等方法,对国外体育赛事融资的主要方式、融资主体及比重进行阐释,分析了国外企业为体育赛事提供赞助的总体特点,国外企业赞助体育赛事的目的和利益,政府为体育赛事提供资金资助的指导政策,描绘出国外体育赛事融资的总体性状况.

  2. 基于人群健康的国家卫生筹资系统建模研究%Based on Crowd Health National Health Fund Raising System Modelling Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢长勇; 张鹭鹭; 杨鸿洋; 安伟; 孙博

    2008-01-01

    通过对目前国内外卫生筹资状况的分析,依据复杂系统相关理论,界定国家卫生筹资系统概念边界.通过定性分析,建立起该系统的概念模型与逻辑模型,并探索该系统在实际运用中存在的问题,提出政策建议,为国家卫生筹资政策的制定提供理论依据.

  3. Study Based on Market Capital Channel of Universities' Fund-raising Problem%基于市场化资金渠道的普通高校筹资问题探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谷增军

    2011-01-01

    目前,教育经费的严重短缺已成为制约我国高校发展的一个关键因素,而普通高校的筹资渠道基本集中在财政拨款、学费收入和银行贷款上,高等教育的准公共产品性质、高校主体地位的变化决定了高校筹资必须走多样化道路.本文在分析普通高校多元化筹资方式的基础上,强调在筹资时应注意考虑筹资成本、优化筹资渠道、规避筹资风险以及选择最佳筹资时机,以保证我国高等教育健康、稳定的发展.

  4. Vulnerability, Health Agency and Capability to Health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Straehle, Christine

    2016-01-01

    One of the defining features of the capability approach (CA) to health, as developed in Venkatapuram's book Health Justice, is its aim to enable individual health agency. Furthermore, the CA to health hopes to provide a strong guideline for assessing the health-enabling content of social and political conditions. In this article, I employ the recent literature on the liberal concept of vulnerability to assess the CA. I distinguish two kinds of vulnerability. Considering circumstantial vulnerability, I argue that liberal accounts of vulnerability concerned with individual autonomy, align with the CA to health. Individuals should, as far as possible, be able to make health-enabling decisions about their lives, and their capability to do so should certainly not be hindered by public policy. The CA to health and a vulnerability-based analysis then work alongside to define moral responsibilities and designate those who hold them. Both approaches demand social policy to address circumstances that hinder individuals from taking health-enabling decisions. A background condition of vulnerability, on the other hand, even though it hampers the capability for health, does not warrant the strong moral claim proposed by the CA to health to define health as a meta-capability that should guide social policy. Nothing in our designing social policy could change the challenge to health agency when we deal with background conditions of vulnerability.

  5. Human-Computer Interaction The Agency Perspective

    CERN Document Server

    Oliveira, José

    2012-01-01

    Agent-centric theories, approaches and technologies are contributing to enrich interactions between users and computers. This book aims at highlighting the influence of the agency perspective in Human-Computer Interaction through a careful selection of research contributions. Split into five sections; Users as Agents, Agents and Accessibility, Agents and Interactions, Agent-centric Paradigms and Approaches, and Collective Agents, the book covers a wealth of novel, original and fully updated material, offering:   ü  To provide a coherent, in depth, and timely material on the agency perspective in HCI ü  To offer an authoritative treatment of the subject matter presented by carefully selected authors ü  To offer a balanced and broad coverage of the subject area, including, human, organizational, social, as well as technological concerns. ü  To offer a hands-on-experience by covering representative case studies and offering essential design guidelines   The book will appeal to a broad audience of resea...

  6. Road to archiving of information relating to the Fukushima Nuclear Accident by the Japan Atomic Energy Agency Library

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We introduce post-Great East Japan Earthquake situation of the Japan Atomic Energy Agency Library and our efforts to distribute information about the TEPCO Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station Accident. After that, we describe our activities about the archiving of information relating to the Fukushima Nuclear Accident and its feature. (author)

  7. Coal distribution, January--June 1991

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Coal Distribution report provides information on coal production, distribution, and stocks in the United States to a wide audience including Congress, Federal and State agencies, the coal industry, and the general public. The data in this report are collected and published by the Energy Information Administration (EIA) to fulfill its data collection and dissemination responsibilities as specified in the Federal Energy Administration Act of 1974 (Public Law 93-275, Sections 5 and 13, as amended). This issue presents information for January through June 1991. Coal distribution data are shown (in Tables 1--34) by coal-producing Sate of origin, consumer use, method of transportation, and State of destination. All data in this report were collected by the EIA on Form EIA-6, ''Coal Distribution Report.'' A copy of the form and the instructions for filing appear in Appendix B. All data in this report for 1991 are preliminary. Data for previous years are final. 6 figs., 34 tabs

  8. Measurements of the angular distribution of diffuse irradiance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Elsa; Nielsen, Kristian Pagh; Dragsted, Janne;

    2015-01-01

    Advanced solar resource assessment and forecasting is necessary for optimal solar energy utilization. In order to investigate the short-term resource variability, for instance caused by clouds it is necessary to investigate how clouds affect the solar irradiance, including the angular distribution...... of the solar irradiance. The investigation is part of the Danish contribution to the taskforce 46 within the International Energy Agency and financed by the Danish Energy Agency. The investigation focuses on the distribution of the diffuse solar irradiance and is based on horizontal measurements of the solar...... irradiance from 8 different parts of the sky as well as horizontal measurements of the total beam and total diffuse irradiance....

  9. 78 FR 15009 - Consideration of Withdrawal From Commercial Production and Distribution of the Radioisotope...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-08

    ... Consideration of Withdrawal From Commercial Production and Distribution of the Radioisotope Germanium-68 AGENCY... commercial production and distribution of germanium-68, based upon private industry expression of interest in... to refrain from competition with private industry in the commercial production and distribution...

  10. Product Distributions for Distributed Optimization. Chapter 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bieniawski, Stefan R.; Wolpert, David H.

    2004-01-01

    With connections to bounded rational game theory, information theory and statistical mechanics, Product Distribution (PD) theory provides a new framework for performing distributed optimization. Furthermore, PD theory extends and formalizes Collective Intelligence, thus connecting distributed optimization to distributed Reinforcement Learning (FU). This paper provides an overview of PD theory and details an algorithm for performing optimization derived from it. The approach is demonstrated on two unconstrained optimization problems, one with discrete variables and one with continuous variables. To highlight the connections between PD theory and distributed FU, the results are compared with those obtained using distributed reinforcement learning inspired optimization approaches. The inter-relationship of the techniques is discussed.

  11. 75 FR 54622 - Pesticide Emergency Exemptions; Agency Decisions and State and Federal Agency Crisis Declarations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-08

    .... Contact: Andrea Conrath. EPA authorized the use of lavandulyl sescioate on raisin, table, and wine grapes... and Consumer Services Specific exemption: EPA authorized the use of novaluron on strawberries to... Departments and Agencies Agriculture Department Animal and Plant Health Inspector Service Quarantine:...

  12. Distributed Computing: An Overview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Md. Firoj Ali

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Decrease in hardware costs and advances in computer networking technologies have led to increased interest in the use of large-scale parallel and distributed computing systems. Distributed computing systems offer the potential for improved performance and resource sharing. In this paper we have made an overview on distributed computing. In this paper we studied the difference between parallel and distributed computing, terminologies used in distributed computing, task allocation in distributed computing and performance parameters in distributed computing system, parallel distributed algorithm models, and advantages of distributed computing and scope of distributed computing.

  13. Determination of fast neutron flux distribution in irradiation sites of the Malaysian Nuclear Agency research reactor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yavar, A.R. [School of Applied Physics, Faculty of Science and Technology, National University of Malaysia (UKM), 43600 Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia); Sarmani, S.B. [School of Chemical Sciences and Food Technology, Faculty of Science and Technology, National University of Malaysia (UKM), 43600 Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia); Wood, A.K. [Analytical Chemistry Application Group, Industrial Technology Division, Malaysian Nuclear Agency (MNA), Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor (Malaysia); Fadzil, S.M. [School of Applied Physics, Faculty of Science and Technology, National University of Malaysia (UKM), 43600 Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia); Radir, M.H. [Analytical Chemistry Application Group, Industrial Technology Division, Malaysian Nuclear Agency (MNA), Bangi, 43000 Kajang, Selangor (Malaysia); Khoo, K.S., E-mail: khoo@ukm.m [School of Applied Physics, Faculty of Science and Technology, National University of Malaysia (UKM), 43600 Bangi, Selangor (Malaysia)

    2011-05-15

    Determination of thermal to fast neutron flux ratio (f{sub fast}) and fast neutron flux ({phi}{sub fast}) is required for fast neutron reactions, fast neutron activation analysis, and for correcting interference reactions. The f{sub fast} and subsequently {phi}{sub fast} were determined using the absolute method. The f{sub fast} ranged from 48 to 155, and the {phi}{sub fast} was found in the range 1.03x10{sup 10}-4.89x10{sup 10} n cm{sup -2} s{sup -1}. These values indicate an acceptable conformity and applicable for installation of the fast neutron facility at the MNA research reactor.

  14. Determination of fast neutron flux distribution in irradiation sites of the Malaysian Nuclear Agency research reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Determination of thermal to fast neutron flux ratio (ffast) and fast neutron flux (φfast) is required for fast neutron reactions, fast neutron activation analysis, and for correcting interference reactions. The ffast and subsequently φfast were determined using the absolute method. The ffast ranged from 48 to 155, and the φfast was found in the range 1.03x1010-4.89x1010 n cm-2 s-1. These values indicate an acceptable conformity and applicable for installation of the fast neutron facility at the MNA research reactor.

  15. Energy conservation in electric distribution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Chong-Jin

    1994-12-31

    This paper discusses the potential for energy and power savings that exist in electric power delivery systems. These savings translate into significant financial and environmental benefits for electricity producers and consumers as well as for society in general. AlliedSignal`s knowledge and perspectives on this topic are the result of discussions with hundreds of utility executives, government officials and other industry experts over the past decade in conjunction with marketing our Amorphous Metal technology for electric distribution transformers. Amorphous metal is a technology developed by AlliedSignal that significantly reduces the energy lost in electric distribution transformers at an incremental cost of just a few cents per kilo-Watt-hour. The purpose of this paper is to discuss: Amorphous Metal Alloy Technology; Energy Savings Opportunity; The Industrial Barriers and Remedies; Worldwide Demand; and A Low Risk Strategy. I wish this presentation will help KEPCO achieve their stated aims of ensuring sound development of the national economy and enhancement of public life through the economic and stable supply of electric power. AlliedSignal Korea Ltd. in conjunction with AlliedSignal Amorphous Metals in the U.S. are here to work with KEPCO, transformer manufacturers, industry, and government agencies to achieve greater efficiency in power distribution.

  16. The feeling of agency hypothesis: a critique

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grünbaum, Thor

    2015-01-01

    A dominant view in contemporary cognitive neuroscience is that low-level, comparator-based mechanisms of motor control produce a distinctive experience often called the feeling of agency (the FoA-hypothesis). An opposing view is that comparator-based motor control is largely non-conscious and not...... associated with any particular type of distinctive phenomenology (the simple hypothesis). In this paper, I critically evaluate the nature of the empirical evidence researchers commonly take to support FoA-hypothesis. The aim of this paper is not only to scrutinize the FoA-hypothesis and data supposed to...... support it; it is equally to argue that experimentalists supporting the FoA-hypothesis fail to establish that the experimental outcomes are more probable given the FoA-hypothesis than given the simpler hypothesis....

  17. HUMAN RESOURCES MANAGEMENT IN ADVERTISING AGENCY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina LEOVARIDIS

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents advertising agencies as a new type of knowledge-basedorganizations (knowledge-intensive organizations, whose essential resourceis its people with their competences, in conditions in which in the presentsociety knowledge is becoming the most important source of competitiveadvantage for current organizations. Such professional services firms have topractice a particular type of management, focused on their employees, onthier aspirations and satisfaction, therefore the component processes of thehuman resources management (recruitment, selection, integration, motivationetc. have a particularly important role in obtaining employees’ loyalty andincreasing their performance and consequently in the survival anddevelopment of the company. The empirical research used case studiesbased on in-depth interviews with managers in Bucharest advertisingorganizations, but also a survey through questionnaire sent by e-mail toadvertisers across the country, to provide a clear picture on thecharacteristics of human resources management in Romanian advertisingagencies.

  18. "Sunrise" and "Sunset" of Lithuanian Agencies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vitalis NAKROŠIS

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Based on the transformative approach, the NPM and post-NPM models this article explains the proliferation, autonomy, control and innovative behavior of Lithuanian agencies and other public sector organizations in the 1990-2010 period. While the expansion of governmental functions during Lithuania’s transition to democracy and its accession to the EU brought agencification in 1990-2004, the adoption of government-wide organizational reforms during the economic crisis marked the start of de-agencification in 2009- 2010. The degree of autonomy and control of the Lithuanian public sector organizations is largely explained by their legal basis and political salience of their tasks. Finally, in line with the post-NPM model, structural capacities and participation in networks have a strong impact on innovative behavior of these organizations.

  19. IDNS: The Illinois Nuclear Safety Agency

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gallina, C.O.

    1993-09-01

    The Illinois Department of Nuclear Safety (IDNS) is one of only two cabinet-level state agencies in the United States devoted exclusively to nuclear and radiation safety. It was established in 1980 by then Gov. James Thompson in response to the 1979 accident at Three Mile Island-2, so the state would be prepared in case of a similar accident at an Illinois nuclear power facility. There are 13 commercial nuclear reactors at seven sites in Illinois, more than in any other state. If Illinois were a country, it would be seventh in the world in the amount of nuclear-generated electricity, and second in the percentage of electricity produced by nuclear power. The state also has several major nonreactor nuclear facilities. 9 refs.

  20. Space weather: European Space Agency perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daly, E. J.; Hilgers, A.

    Spacecraft and payloads have become steadily more sophisticated and therefore more susceptible to space weather effects. ESA has long been active in applying models and tools to the problems associated with such effects on its spacecraft. In parallel, ESA and European agencies have built a highly successful solar-terrestrial physics capability. ESA is now investigating the marriage of these technological and scientific capabilities to address perceived user needs for space weather products and services. Two major ESA-sponsored studies are laying the groundwork for a possible operational European space weather service. The wide-ranging activities of ESA in the Space Weather/Space Environment domain are summarized and recent important examples of space weather concerns given.

  1. The Role of Agency in Ludoacoustic Immersion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gasselseder, Hans-Peter

    2015-01-01

    In sound-fx and music, expressive artifacts of the recording contribute to forming expectations on how an object (sound source) is interacting with an environment (room) while also accounting for the associated resonances occurring in that object. By switching attentional focus between action...... and resonance in object and environment as a result of comparing expectations to incoming stimuli, the context of a virtual situation is simulated by referencing to syntax of body-object-environment interaction. This virtual syntax may be partially projected onto the situational context of the user, leading...... to antecedents of immersion that depend on emotional arousal and personality traits of the listener. After having outlined a conceptual framework describing the mediation and agency detection of sonic expression within the acoustic properties of situational contexts, the paper provides an outlook on how...

  2. [Quality management in a public health agency].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villalbí, Joan R; Ballestín, Manuela; Casas, Conrad; Subirana, Teresa

    2012-01-01

    This article describes the introduction of quality improvement actions in a public health organization. After ISO 17025 accreditation, which was legally mandated, was granted to the official control laboratory, the management decided to expand a quality policy in 2003, through a series of actions based on process analysis and proposals for improvement, further definition of standard operating procedures, exploration of users' opinions, the creation of improvement groups, and external audits or certification. The organizational response to these initiatives was diverse. External audit or certification of services seems to be the most powerful tool for change. Costing studies showed that up to 75% of the total expenditure of the agency in 2010 was spent on public health services subject to external audit or certification. PMID:22425456

  3. Distribution and Aggregate Thickness of Salt Deposits of the United States

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — The map shows the distribution and aggregate thickness of salt deposits of the United States. This information is from contour map sheets, scanned and processed for...

  4. Bivariate discrete Linnik distribution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davis Antony Mundassery

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Christoph and Schreiber (1998a studied the discrete analogue of positive Linnik distribution and obtained its characterizations using survival function. In this paper, we introduce a bivariate form of the discrete Linnik distribution and study its distributional properties. Characterizations of the bivariate distribution are obtained using compounding schemes. Autoregressive processes are developed with marginals follow the bivariate discrete Linnik distribution.

  5. An Assessment of the Efficiency of Government Regulatory Agencies in Nigeria. Case of the National Agency for Food and Drugs Administration and Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aiwanehi Barbara Ofuani

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This study examines Business, Government and Society interrelationships. It eventually narrowed down to assessing the efficiency of government regulatory agencies, in fulfilling the role of government in protecting consumers from unscrupulous practices of businesses. The National Agency for Food and Drugs Administration and Control (NAFDAC was chosen for the study. Since the expectations of the consumers are paramount here, the stakeholder approach method was used for assessing the efficiency of NAFDAC. Literature and previous empirical studies on the topic were examined. For representativeness, data was collected utilizing the survey research design through Questionnaire distributed to 200 respondents in some areas of Lagos Mainland in Lagos state, using the convenience sampling method. 187 copies of the questionnaire representing 93.5% were returned and usable. Descriptive statistics was used to analyze the responses to questions regarding the efficiency of NAFDAC and a hypothesis tested using a one-sample T-test. The findings ran contrary to results from some previous studies. Instead, consumer awareness of the existence of NAFDAC as a regulatory agency and its functions were established, along with a high rate of consumer education. The assessment of its efficiency also showed a high rating. Recommendations were made that the study be replicated in other states of Nigeria and further studies carried out to evaluate its efficiency under previous and current directors for improvement purposes.

  6. The evolution of China’s national income distribution

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭爽; 叶晓东

    2008-01-01

    Since 1978,great transformation has taken place in China’s economy and in the distribution of its national income. Income distribution is pertinent to people’s immediate interests,to enterprises and to government agencies,and hinges upon development efficiency,social equality and the creation of a harmonious society. Considering this,this paper presents an analysis of the patterns of primary and secondary distribution of China’s national income and the evolution of the internal income distribution patterns of various economic entities since 1978,offering subsequent recommendations on policy adjustment.

  7. Differentiating agency independence: perceptions from inside the European Medicines Agency (EMA)

    OpenAIRE

    Makhashvili, Levan; Stephenson, Paul

    2005-01-01

    The regulations granting the establishment of EU agencies were meant to ensure institutional independence in order to insulate everyday decision-making from political pressure, vested interests and political short-termism. However, recent events, including managerial resignations and the introduction of new rules concerning conflicts of interest, have brought renewed attention to the autonomy/independence debate. This article goes beyond the traditional de jure/de facto dichotomy of approache...

  8. Solar Photovoltaic Financing: Deployment by Federal Government Agencies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cory, K.; Coggeshall, C.; Coughlin, J.; Kreycik, C.

    2009-07-01

    The goal of this report is to examine how federal agencies can finance on-site PV projects. It explains state-level cash incentives available, the importance of solar renewable energy certificate revenues (in certain markets), existing financing structures, as well as innovative financing structures being used by federal agencies to deploy on-site PV. Specific examples from the DOD, DOE, and other federal agencies are highlighted to explain federal project financing in detail.

  9. Employee Brand Advocacy : Case: The Marketing Agency Expression Ltd.

    OpenAIRE

    Kymäläinen, Ilona

    2012-01-01

    The focus of this thesis is to find out how the employees of the company see the corporate brand and how they communicate it externally. The commissioning company in this research is the author’s employer, The Marketing Agency Expression Ltd. (also known as The Sales Promotion Agency Expression), which is a medium-sized marketing agency. The company operates in the field of marketing and sales promotions providing promotion personnel, implementation and planning. Theory applied in this t...

  10. Quality strategies implemented within the tourism agency Perfect Tour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madar, A.

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the quality strategies adopted by the tourism agency Perfect Tour. The most important advantages of the Romanian agency in comparison with its competitors are: the focus on high quality services, cooperation with other international agencies, entering new fields like medical tourism and sole representative of Disneyland Paris. The strategies adopted explain the good financial results even in the period of crisis.

  11. Probability distribution relationships

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yousry Abdelkader

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we are interesting to show the most famous distributions and their relations to the other distributions in collected diagrams. Four diagrams are sketched as networks. The first one is concerned to the continuous distributions and their relations. The second one presents the discrete distributions. The third diagram is depicted the famous limiting distributions. Finally, the Balakrishnan skew-normal density and its relationship with the other distributions are shown in the fourth diagram.

  12. 78 FR 50435 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request: FEMA Mitigation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-19

    ... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comment Request: FEMA Mitigation Success Story Database AGENCY: Federal Emergency Management Agency, DHS... Luke, Emergency Management Specialist, FEMA Mitigation, (202) 646-7902 for additional information....

  13. 75 FR 38115 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; FEMA Grants...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has submitted the information collection abstracted below to... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB... Emergency Management Agency, DHS. ACTION: Notice; 30-day notice and request for comments; revision of...

  14. 77 FR 21574 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request, FEMA...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-10

    ... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB...: Federal Emergency Management Agency, DHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Federal Emergency Management Agency... addressed to the Desk Officer for the Department of Homeland Security, Federal Emergency Management...

  15. 76 FR 37824 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request, OMB No...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-28

    ...), NFA Long-Term Evaluation Supervisors. SUMMARY: The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) will... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB... Department of Homeland Security, Federal Emergency Management Agency, and sent via electronic mail to...

  16. 76 FR 77547 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request, FEMA Preparedness...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-13

    ... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection... Emergency Management Agency, DHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Federal Emergency Management Agency, as part...-Management@dhs.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Emergency Operations Center (EOC) Grant Program...

  17. 75 FR 6213 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request, OMB No...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-08

    ... Calculation Worksheet. SUMMARY: The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has submitted the information... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB... Homeland Security, Federal Emergency Management Agency, and sent via electronic mail to...

  18. 75 FR 32199 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request, OMB No...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-07

    ... Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has submitted the information collection abstracted below to... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB... Emergency Management Agency, DHS. ACTION: Notice; 30-day notice and request for comments; extension,...

  19. 75 FR 66115 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; FEMA...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-27

    ... SECURITY Federal Emergency Management Agency Agency Information Collection Activities: Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request; FEMA Mitigation Success Story Database AGENCY: Federal Emergency Management.... SUMMARY: The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) has submitted the information...

  20. 77 FR 32952 - Defense Intelligence Agency National Intelligence University Board of Visitors Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-04

    ... of the Secretary Defense Intelligence Agency National Intelligence University Board of Visitors Closed Meeting AGENCY: Department of Defense, Defense Intelligence Agency, National Intelligence... a closed meeting of the Defense Intelligence Agency National Intelligence University Board...

  1. 76 FR 28960 - Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-19

    ... of the Secretary Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors Closed Meeting AGENCY: National Defense Intelligence College, Defense Intelligence Agency, Department of... a closed meeting of the Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board...

  2. 75 FR 76423 - Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-08

    ... of the Secretary Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board of Visitors Closed Meeting AGENCY: National Defense Intelligence College, Defense Intelligence Agency, Department of... a closed meeting of the Defense Intelligence Agency National Defense Intelligence College Board...

  3. 75 FR 63171 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collections; Request for Comment on Three...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-14

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collections; Request for Comment on Three Proposed Information Collection Requests (ICRs) AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)....

  4. 76 FR 70726 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-15

    ... (``customers''), including consumers, clinicians, and health care policy makers. The Eisenberg Center compiles... HUMAN SERVICES Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Collection; Comment Request AGENCY: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality, HHS....

  5. 36 CFR 219.13 - Coordination among Federal agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... AGRICULTURE PLANNING National Forest System Land and Resource Management Planning Collaborative Planning for... proposed actions; (b) For the streamlined coordination of Federal agency policies, resource management... management plans....

  6. Flate-plate photovoltaic power systems handbook for Federal agencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cochrane, E. H.; Lawson, A. C.; Savage, C. H.

    1984-01-01

    The primary purpose is to provide a tool for personnel in Federal agencies to evaluate the viability of potential photovoltaic applications. A second objective is to provide descriptions of various photovoltaic systems installed by different Federal agencies under the Federal Photovoltaic Utilization Program so that other agencies may consider similar applications. A third objective is to share lessons learned to enable more effective procurement, design, installation, and operation of future photovoltaic systems. The intent is not to provide a complete handbook, but rather to provide a guide for Federal agency personnel with additional information incorporated by references. The steps to be followed in selecting, procuring, and installing a photovoltaic application are given.

  7. 15 CFR 1180.8 - Appointment of Agency Liaison Officers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... (Continued) TECHNOLOGY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE TRANSFER BY FEDERAL AGENCIES OF SCIENTIFIC, TECHNICAL AND ENGINEERING INFORMATION TO THE NATIONAL TECHNICAL INFORMATION SERVICE § 1180.8 Appointment...

  8. What is `Agency'? Perspectives in Science Education Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, Jenny; Clarke, David John

    2014-03-01

    The contemporary interest in researching student agency in science education reflects concerns about the relevance of schooling and a shift in science education towards understanding learning in science as a complex social activity. The purpose of this article is to identify problems confronting the science education community in the development of this new research agenda and to argue that there is a need for research in science education that attends to agency as a social practice. Despite increasing interest in student agency in educational research, the term 'agency' has lacked explicit operationalisation and, across the varied approaches, such as critical ethnography, ethnographies of communication, discourse analysis and symbolic interactionism, there has been a lack of coherence in its research usage. There has also been argument concerning the validity of the use of the term 'agency' in science education research. This article attempts to structure the variety of definitions of 'student agency' in science education research, identifies problems in the research related to assigning intentionality to research participants and argues that agency is a kind of discursive practice. The article also draws attention to the need for researchers to be explicit in the assumptions they rely upon in their interpretations of social worlds. Drawing upon the discursive turn in the social sciences, a definition of agency is provided, that accommodates the discursive practices of both individuals and the various functional social groups from whose activities classroom practice is constituted. The article contributes to building a focused research agenda concerned with understanding and promoting student agency in science.

  9. Language of adult immigrants agency in the making

    CERN Document Server

    Miller, Elizabeth R

    2014-01-01

    This book is the first to explore the constitution of language learner agency by drawing on performativity theory, an approach that remains on the periphery of second language research. Though many scholars have drawn on poststructuralism to theorize learner identity in non-essentialist terms, most have treated agency as an essential feature that belongs to or inheres in individuals. By contrast, this work promotes a view of learner agency as inherently social and as performatively constituted in discursive practice. In developing a performativity approach to learner agency, it builds on the w

  10. Pharmacovigilance and the Italian Medicines Agency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Pimpinella

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The new European Union (EU regulations on pharmacovigilance require that the national systems are strengthened in order to fit the new requirements. The Italian Pharmacovigilance System, coordinated by the Italian Medicines Agency (AIFA, is made by local and regional structures. In 2007, a program for funding active pharmacovigilance projects in the Italian Regions was established by the National law. The AIFA is responsible for the preparation of guidelines aimed at the identification of research areas and for the approval of the projects submitted by the regions. In April 2012, the AIFA started a program of visits at the regional pharmacovigilance centers (RPCs, aimed at monitoring their performances, evaluating the quality of the activities in order to understand the main differences and discrepancies and with a view to start a program of harmonization of the procedures in place. The outcome of the visits program highlighted major differences among the quality management systems of the various centers; hence, AIFA has decided to launch an initiative to promote in the next months the harmonization of procedures. The synergy among AIFA, regional structures, RPCs, and local structure responsible for pharmacovigilance is needed in order to establish a robust pharmacovigilance system working in full compliance with the provisions of the new EU legislation.

  11. Does agency cost model explain business fluctuations in Japan? An empirical attempt to estimate agency cost by firm size

    OpenAIRE

    Ogawa, Kazuo; Uchiyama, Hirokuni

    2003-01-01

    An attempt is made to estimate a state space model of investment and borrowing in a Bayesian framework and extract the unobservable agency cost of Japanese firms by firm size. Our estimates of the agency cost exhibited a declining trend in the late 80s and then switched to an increasing trend in the 90s. We pin down the driving force of agency cost to be the market value of land. Furthermore, we find that investment and borrowing behavior of small firms is very much affected by their agency c...

  12. Distribution Integrity Management Plant (DIMP)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gonzales, Jerome F. [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2012-05-07

    This document is the distribution integrity management plan (Plan) for the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) Natural Gas Distribution System. This Plan meets the requirements of 49 CFR Part 192, Subpart P Distribution Integrity Management Programs (DIMP) for the LANL Natural Gas Distribution System. This Plan was developed by reviewing records and interviewing LANL personnel. The records consist of the design, construction, operation and maintenance for the LANL Natural Gas Distribution System. The records system for the LANL Natural Gas Distribution System is limited, so the majority of information is based on the judgment of LANL employees; the maintenance crew, the Corrosion Specialist and the Utilities and Infrastructure (UI) Civil Team Leader. The records used in this report are: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety Administration (PHMSA) 7100.1-1, Report of Main and Service Line Inspection, Natural Gas Leak Survey, Gas Leak Response Report, Gas Leak and Repair Report, and Pipe-to-Soil Recordings. The specific elements of knowledge of the infrastructure used to evaluate each threat and prioritize risks are listed in Sections 6 and 7, Threat Evaluation and Risk Prioritization respectively. This Plan addresses additional information needed and a method for gaining that data over time through normal activities. The processes used for the initial assessment of Threat Evaluation and Risk Prioritization are the methods found in the Simple, Handy Risk-based Integrity Management Plan (SHRIMP{trademark}) software package developed by the American Pipeline and Gas Agency (APGA) Security and Integrity Foundation (SIF). SHRIMP{trademark} uses an index model developed by the consultants and advisors of the SIF. Threat assessment is performed using questions developed by the Gas Piping Technology Company (GPTC) as modified and added to by the SHRIMP{trademark} advisors. This Plan is required to be reviewed every 5 years to be continually refined and improved. Records

  13. Frequency-Rank Distributions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brookes, Bertram C.; Griffiths, Jose M.

    1978-01-01

    Frequency, rank, and frequency rank distributions are defined. Extensive discussion on several aspects of frequency rank distributions includes the Poisson process as a means of exploring the stability of ranks; the correlation of frequency rank distributions; and the transfer coefficient, a new measure in frequency rank distribution. (MBR)

  14. Extended Poisson Exponential Distribution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anum Fatima

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available A new mixture of Modified Exponential (ME and Poisson distribution has been introduced in this paper. Taking the Maximum of Modified Exponential random variable when the sample size follows a zero truncated Poisson distribution we have derived the new distribution, named as Extended Poisson Exponential distribution. This distribution possesses increasing and decreasing failure rates. The Poisson-Exponential, Modified Exponential and Exponential distributions are special cases of this distribution. We have also investigated some mathematical properties of the distribution along with Information entropies and Order statistics of the distribution. The estimation of parameters has been obtained using the Maximum Likelihood Estimation procedure. Finally we have illustrated a real data application of our distribution.

  15. 44 CFR 351.20 - The Federal Emergency Management Agency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false The Federal Emergency Management Agency. 351.20 Section 351.20 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY PREPAREDNESS RADIOLOGICAL EMERGENCY PLANNING AND...

  16. 50 CFR 402.07 - Designation of lead agency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Designation of lead agency. 402.07 Section 402.07 Wildlife and Fisheries JOINT REGULATIONS (UNITED STATES FISH AND WILDLIFE SERVICE, DEPARTMENT... COOPERATION-ENDANGERED SPECIES ACT OF 1973, AS AMENDED General § 402.07 Designation of lead agency. When...

  17. 41 CFR 60-250.67 - Notification of agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Notification of agencies. 60-250.67 Section 60-250.67 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to... PROTECTED VETERANS General Enforcement and Complaint Procedures § 60-250.67 Notification of agencies....

  18. 41 CFR 60-300.67 - Notification of agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Notification of agencies. 60-300.67 Section 60-300.67 Public Contracts and Property Management Other Provisions Relating to... MEDAL VETERANS General Enforcement and Complaint Procedures § 60-300.67 Notification of agencies....

  19. 75 FR 5844 - Agency Information Collection Activity Seeking OMB Approval

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-04

    ... TRANSPORTATION Federal Aviation Administration Agency Information Collection Activity Seeking OMB Approval AGENCY... safety and oversight rules for a broad variety of sightseeing and commercial air tour flights. DATES... hours annually. Abstract: This rule set safety and oversight rules for a broad variety of...

  20. 24 CFR 58.52 - Adoption of other agencies' EISs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... provided that the EIS was prepared in accordance with 40 CFR parts 1500 through 1508. If the responsible entity adopts an EIS prepared by another agency, the procedure in 40 CFR 1506.3 shall be followed. An... scoping requirements under 40 CFR 1501.7 shall not apply. The agency that prepared the original EIS...

  1. The Netherlands: Temporary agency work and collective bargaining

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E. Sol; S. Engelsman

    2008-01-01

    The Netherlands is a forerunner in the regulation of temp agency work. A main focus in the regulation is the Collective Labour Agreement (CLA). Since the first CLA in 1971 negotiations have led to a better accommodation of the allocation, renumeration and protection of temp agency workers and the Hu

  2. Agency in the Social Biographies of Young People in Belgrade

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomanovic, Smiljka

    2012-01-01

    The article deals with the formation of the social biographies of young people through the interplay of structure and agency. The aim is to provide a grounded typology of patterns of young people's agency within the process of shaping social biographies. The structural context addressed in the article consists of family resources and habitus. The…

  3. An empirical typology of private child and family serving agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chuang, Emmeline; Collins-Camargo, Crystal; McBeath, Bowen; Wells, Rebecca; Bunger, Alicia

    2014-03-01

    Differences in how services are organized and delivered can contribute significantly to variation in outcomes experienced by children and families. However, few comparative studies identify the strengths and limitations of alternative delivery system configurations. The current study provides the first empirical typology of private agencies involved with the formal child welfare system. Data collected in 2011 from a national sample of private agencies were used to classify agencies into five distinct groups based on internal management capacity, service diversification, integration, and policy advocacy. Findings reveal considerable heterogeneity in the population of private child and family serving agencies. Cross-group comparisons suggest that differences in agencies' strategic and structural characteristics correlated with agency directors' perceptions of different pressures in their external environment. Future research can use this typology to better understand local service systems and the extent to which different agency strategies affect performance and other outcomes. Such information has implications for public agency contracting decisions and could inform system-level assessment and planning of services for children and families. PMID:24648603

  4. 76 FR 40775 - Agency Information Collection Activity; Proposed Collection

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-11

    ... Internal Revenue Service Agency Information Collection Activity; Proposed Collection AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury. ACTION: Notice and request for comments. SUMMARY: The Department of the...(c)(2)(A)). Currently, the IRS is soliciting comments concerning disclosure of tax return...

  5. 22 CFR 227.200 - Agency and legislative liaison.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 227.200 Foreign Relations AGENCY FOR INTERNATIONAL DEVELOPMENT NEW RESTRICTIONS ON LOBBYING Activities... to an officer or employee of a person requesting or receiving a Federal contract, grant, loan, or cooperative agreement if the payment is for agency and legislative liaison activities not directly related...

  6. 78 FR 54762 - List of Fair Employment Practice Agencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-06

    ... OPPORTUNITY COMMISSION 29 CFR Part 1601 RIN 3046-AA96 List of Fair Employment Practice Agencies AGENCY: Equal Employment Opportunity Commission. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This final rule amends our regulations to... Parts 1601 Administrative practice and procedure, Equal employment opportunity,...

  7. 48 CFR 5.504 - Use of advertising agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Use of advertising... ACQUISITION PLANNING PUBLICIZING CONTRACT ACTIONS Paid Advertisements 5.504 Use of advertising agencies. (a) General. Basic ordering agreements may be placed with advertising agencies for assistance in producing...

  8. 29 CFR 541.710 - Employees of public agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Definitions and Miscellaneous Provisions § 541.710 Employees of public agencies. (a) An employee of a public... pursuant to principles of public accountability, under which the employee accrues personal leave and sick leave and which requires the public agency employee's pay to be reduced or such employee to be placed...

  9. 75 FR 57284 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Cost Submission

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-20

    ... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Cost Submission... other Federal agencies to comment on an information collection requirement concerning: Cost Submission... forms of information technology; and (e) the annual costs burden to respondents or record keepers...

  10. 75 FR 76022 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Cost Submission

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-07

    ... published in the Federal Register (75 FR 57284) on September 20, 2010, allowing for a 60-day comment period... SECURITY Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Cost Submission AGENCY: U... approval in accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act: Cost Submission (CBP Form 247). This is a...

  11. 21 CFR 1402.4 - Information classified by another agency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Information classified by another agency. 1402.4 Section 1402.4 Food and Drugs OFFICE OF NATIONAL DRUG CONTROL POLICY MANDATORY DECLASSIFICATION REVIEW § 1402.4 Information classified by another agency. When a request is received for information that...

  12. 76 FR 17867 - Agency Forms Undergoing Paperwork Reduction Act Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-31

    ... Management Agency (FEMA) assumed the primary role for housing displaced persons over the intermediate term..., and mobile homes for persons displaced by the above mentioned storms. However, some persons living in... Individuals Displaced by the Hurricanes Katrina and Rita (Pilot Project)--New--Agency for Toxic Substances...

  13. 75 FR 47607 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Voluntary Customer Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-06

    ... agencies. This proposed information collection was previously published in the Federal Register (75 FR... SECURITY U.S. Customs and Border Protection Agency Information Collection Activities: Voluntary Customer... accordance with the Paperwork Reduction Act: Voluntary Customer Survey. This is a new collection...

  14. 44 CFR 352.21 - Participating Federal agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Participating Federal agencies. 352.21 Section 352.21 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY... assigned to FEMA. Following review and approval by OMB, FEMA will publish such documents in the...

  15. The role of the advertising agency: Standardization/adaptation

    OpenAIRE

    Isayeva, Aygul

    2011-01-01

    In this article the role of advertising agency in global marketing strategy has been examined. The developed matrix examines the contingencies that influence the success of the company’s global advertising strategy. This research reviews how the company, as the principal, may determine the nature of its relationship with the advertising agency and the degree of adaptation vs. standardization necessary in each situation.

  16. 29 CFR 1977.18 - Arbitration or other agency proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Arbitration or other agency proceedings. 1977.18 Section... OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT OF 1970 Procedures § 1977.18 Arbitration or other agency proceedings. (a... under grievance arbitration proceedings in collective bargaining agreements. In addition,...

  17. Youth Cultures, Activism and Agency: Revisiting Feminist Debates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennelly, Jacqueline Joan

    2009-01-01

    Following the invitation issued by the London Feminist Salon Collective in the pages of "Gender and Education", this paper offers further theoretical suggestions for understanding agency. Based on an ethnographic study with young people engaged in activist politics, I offer a conception of agency that is at its core "relational". I build this…

  18. 78 FR 15680 - Information Sharing With Agency Stakeholders: Public Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-12

    ... Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service Information Sharing With Agency Stakeholders: Public Meeting...) is soliciting feedback from our stakeholders regarding cross-Agency strategic priorities. We are also... restructuring, as well as to provide an opportunity for stakeholders to ask questions and share...

  19. 48 CFR 33.103 - Protests to the agency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... must be filed within 10 days of knowledge of initial adverse agency action (4 CFR 21.2(a)(3)). (e... acquisition system, may consider the merits of any protest which is not timely filed. (f) Action upon receipt... well-reasoned, and explain the agency position. The protest decision shall be provided to the...

  20. 41 CFR 105-55.009 - Aggressive agency collection activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... to collect the debt or terminate collection action. See 31 CFR 285.12 (Transfer of Debts to Treasury... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Aggressive agency... Administration 55-COLLECTION OF CLAIMS OWED THE UNITED STATES § 105-55.009 Aggressive agency collection...

  1. 10 CFR 15.20 - Aggressive agency collection activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Aggressive agency collection activity. 15.20 Section 15.20 Energy NUCLEAR REGULATORY COMMISSION DEBT COLLECTION PROCEDURES Administrative Collection of Claims § 15.20 Aggressive agency collection activity. (a) The NRC shall take aggressive action to collect...

  2. 29 CFR 825.108 - Public agency coverage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) A State or a political subdivision of a State constitutes a single public agency and, therefore, a... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Public agency coverage. 825.108 Section 825.108 Labor... AND MEDICAL LEAVE ACT OF 1993 Coverage Under the Family and Medical Leave Act § 825.108 Public...

  3. Agency attribution: event-related potentials and outcome monitoring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bednark, Jeffery G; Franz, Elizabeth A

    2014-04-01

    Knowledge about the effects of our actions is an underlying feature of voluntary behavior. Given the importance of identifying the outcomes of our actions, it has been proposed that the sensory outcomes of self-made actions are inherently different from those of externally caused outcomes. Thus, the outcomes of self-made actions are likely to be more motivationally significant for an agent. We used event-related potentials to investigate the relationship between the perceived motivational significance of an outcome and the attribution of agency in the presence of others. In our experiment, we assessed agency attribution in the presence of another agent by varying the degree of contiguity between participants' self-made actions and the sensory outcome. Specifically, we assessed the feedback correct-related positivity (fCRP) and the novelty P3 measures of an outcome's motivational significance and unexpectedness, respectively. Results revealed that both the fCRP and participants' agency attributions were significantly influenced by action-outcome contiguity. However, when action-outcome contiguity was ambiguous, novelty P3 amplitude was a reliable indicator of agency attribution. Prior agency attributions were also found to influence attribution in trials with ambiguous and low action-outcome contiguity. Participants' use of multiple cues to determine agency is consistent with the cue integration theory of agency. In addition to these novel findings, this study supports growing evidence suggesting that reinforcement processes play a significant role in the sense of agency. PMID:24504195

  4. 45 CFR 205.70 - Availability of agency program manuals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 45 Public Welfare 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Availability of agency program manuals. 205.70... GENERAL ADMINISTRATION-PUBLIC ASSISTANCE PROGRAMS § 205.70 Availability of agency program manuals. State... (AABD) of the Social Security Act must provide that: (a) Program manuals and other policy...

  5. 14 CFR 73.19 - Reports by using agency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Reports by using agency. 73.19 Section 73.19 Aeronautics and Space FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION (CONTINUED... area, the FAA may request the using agency to submit supplementary reports. Within 60 days...

  6. 75 FR 1816 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-13

    ... may use other OMB-approved reporting formats, such as the Performance Progress Report (PPR), if those... formats, such as the Performance Progress Report (PPR), if those formats are better suited to the agency's.... Response: Agencies may consider using the Performance Progress Report (PPR) in lieu of the RPPR. The...

  7. Translating Agency Reform: Rhetoric and culture in comparative perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.J. Smullen (Amanda)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractThe experience of the last two decades would suggest that a new international reform category has emerged, the agency. Although not always consistent with local titles, the agency label has been associated with public sector arrangements observed in countries as diverse as England (O

  8. What matters 2010. Annual report of the Federal Environment Agency

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-04-27

    The annual report under consideration of the Federal Environment Agency (Dessau-Rosslau, Federal Republic of Germany) reports on the following themes: (1) Future mobility - Today's best investment; (2) Environmental protection - A barrier to investment for agriculture ?; (3) Emissions trading - The engine of climate policy ?; (4) The Federal Environment Agency (Departmental research, credo, organisation, data and facts, publications).

  9. The Inter-Agency Network on Education in Emergencies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Allison Anderson

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The Inter-Agency Network for Education in Emergencies(INEE builds on the work of its members – UN agencies, NGOs, practitioners, donors and researchers – to ensure the right to education in emergencies and post-crisis reconstruction.

  10. 5 CFR 359.602 - Agency reductions in force.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... final ratings under 5 CFR part 430, subpart C. (3) An appointee who has completed the probationary... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Agency reductions in force. 359.602... Appointees as a Result of Reduction in Force § 359.602 Agency reductions in force. (a) Competitive...

  11. 7 CFR 249.5 - Selection of new State agencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Selection of new State agencies. 249.5 Section 249.5 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) FOOD AND NUTRITION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CHILD NUTRITION PROGRAMS SENIOR FARMERS' MARKET NUTRITION PROGRAM (SFMNP) State Agency...

  12. Agency in Early Childhood Learning and Development in Cameroon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nsamenang, A. Bame

    2008-01-01

    This article focuses on agency, as a natural disposition in children to be active and participative. Africa's parenting attitudes and education in African family traditions encourage and foster children's responsible agency in family life, cultural and economic activities, and their own developmental learning from an early, especially within the…

  13. 76 FR 44048 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-22

    ... Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request AGENCY: National Science Foundation. ACTION.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Survey of Graduate Students and Postdoctorates in Science and Engineering. OMB... the Web-based Computer-Aided Science Policy Analysis and Research (WebCASPAR) database system. The...

  14. 75 FR 57020 - Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-17

    ... U.S. Branches and Agencies of Foreign Banks (FFIEC 002) and the Report of Assets and Liabilities of...: Report of Assets and Liabilities of U.S. Branches and Agencies of Foreign Banks; Report of Assets and... management or funding or liability management, or the responsibility for recordkeeping in respect of...

  15. 12 CFR Appendix B to Part 205 - Federal Enforcement Agencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... ELECTRONIC FUND TRANSFERS (REGULATION E) Pt. 205, App. B Appendix B to Part 205—Federal Enforcement Agencies The following list indicates which Federal agency enforces Regulation E (12 CFR part 205) for... above Federal Trade Commission, Electronic Fund Transfers, Washington, D.C. 20580....

  16. 7 CFR 252.5 - Recipient agency responsibilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... participate in the NCP Program. Upon request, FNS will provide recipient agencies with registration forms... products under the NCP Program from a processor utilizing a refund system shall submit a refund application... processors under the NCP Program. The recipient agency may be requested to verify actual purchases of...

  17. Exploring the interplay between entrepreneurial agency and structural context

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Müller, Sabine; Neergaard, Helle

    and economic), which consequently transform and enrich the local context and resource base, serving as a fertile ground for new entrepreneurial agency (see figure1). The overall research question is stated as “What is the nature of the interplay between rural context/structures and enterprising agency?”...

  18. 78 FR 75346 - Proposed Agency Information Collection Activities; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-11

    ... Financial Statements of Foreign Subsidiaries of U.S. Banking Organizations. Agency form number: FR 2314 and... Foreign Banking Organizations. Agency form number: FR Y-7Q. OMB control number: 7100-0125. Frequency... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office FEDERAL RESERVE...

  19. Regulation on Travel Agencies%旅行社条例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Chapter Ⅰ General Provisions Artide 1 The Regulation is formulated for the purpose of strengthening the adminiswation of travel agencies,ensuring the legitimate interests of tourists and travel agencies,maintaining tourist market order and boosting the healthy development of tourism.

  20. Agency Matters: Academic Developers' Quests and Achievements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saroyan, Alenoush

    2014-01-01

    The paper provides an analysis of the concepts of agency, compliance, and resistance, drawing on evidence provided in the Belgian, Norwegian, and Polish cases in this Special Issue, as well as the Canadian context. Using the Cultural Historical Activity Theory framework as a lens, it highlights conditions that foster agency, those that may invoke…

  1. Agency attribution: event-related potentials and outcome monitoring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bednark, Jeffery G; Franz, Elizabeth A

    2014-04-01

    Knowledge about the effects of our actions is an underlying feature of voluntary behavior. Given the importance of identifying the outcomes of our actions, it has been proposed that the sensory outcomes of self-made actions are inherently different from those of externally caused outcomes. Thus, the outcomes of self-made actions are likely to be more motivationally significant for an agent. We used event-related potentials to investigate the relationship between the perceived motivational significance of an outcome and the attribution of agency in the presence of others. In our experiment, we assessed agency attribution in the presence of another agent by varying the degree of contiguity between participants' self-made actions and the sensory outcome. Specifically, we assessed the feedback correct-related positivity (fCRP) and the novelty P3 measures of an outcome's motivational significance and unexpectedness, respectively. Results revealed that both the fCRP and participants' agency attributions were significantly influenced by action-outcome contiguity. However, when action-outcome contiguity was ambiguous, novelty P3 amplitude was a reliable indicator of agency attribution. Prior agency attributions were also found to influence attribution in trials with ambiguous and low action-outcome contiguity. Participants' use of multiple cues to determine agency is consistent with the cue integration theory of agency. In addition to these novel findings, this study supports growing evidence suggesting that reinforcement processes play a significant role in the sense of agency.

  2. Common Agency and Computational Complexity : Theory and Experimental Evidence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kirchsteiger, G.; Prat, A.

    1999-01-01

    In a common agency game, several principals try to influence the behavior of an agent. Common agency games typically have multiple equilibria. One class of equilibria, called truthful, has been identified by Bernheim and Whinston and has found widespread use in the political economy literature. In t

  3. Understanding Learner Agency as a Complex Dynamic System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mercer, Sarah

    2011-01-01

    This paper attempts to contribute to a fuller understanding of the nature of language learner agency by considering it as a complex dynamic system. The purpose of the study was to explore detailed situated data to examine to what extent it is feasible to view learner agency through the lens of complexity theory. Data were generated through a…

  4. 48 CFR 403.101-3 - Agency regulations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Office of Government Ethics in 5 CFR Part 2635, Standards of Ethical Conduct for Employees of the... IMPROPER BUSINESS PRACTICES AND PERSONAL CONFLICTS OF INTEREST Safeguards 403.101-3 Agency regulations. (a... ethics advisory opinions from ethics advisory officials in their agency personnel offices....

  5. STIS MAMA Fold Distribution

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wheeler, Thomas

    2013-10-01

    The performance of MAMA microchannel plates can be monitored using a MAMA fold distribution procedure. The fold distribution provides a measurement of the distribution of charge cloud sizes incident upon the anode giving some measure of change in the pulse-height distribution of the MCP and, therefore, MCP gain. This proposal executes the same steps as the STIS MAMA Fold Distribution, Proposal 13149, as Cycle 20.

  6. Distributed Data Management and Distributed File Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Girone, Maria

    2015-01-01

    The LHC program has been successful in part due to the globally distributed computing resources used for collecting, serving, processing, and analyzing the large LHC datasets. The introduction of distributed computing early in the LHC program spawned the development of new technologies and techniques to synchronize information and data between physically separated computing centers. Two of the most challenges services are the distributed file systems and the distributed data management systems. In this paper I will discuss how we have evolved from local site services to more globally independent services in the areas of distributed file systems and data management and how these capabilities may continue to evolve into the future. I will address the design choices, the motivations, and the future evolution of the computing systems used for High Energy Physics.

  7. Greening File Distribution: Centralized or Distributed?

    CERN Document Server

    Verma, Kshitiz; Anta, Antonio Fernández; Rumín, Rubén Cuevas; Azcorra, Arturo

    2011-01-01

    Despite file-distribution applications are responsible for a major portion of the current Internet traffic, so far little effort has been dedicated to study file distribution from the point of view of energy efficiency. In this paper, we present a first approach at the problem of energy efficiency for file distribution. Specifically, we first demonstrate that the general problem of minimizing energy consumption in file distribution in heterogeneous settings is NP-hard. For homogeneous settings, we derive tight lower bounds on energy consumption, and we design a family of algorithms that achieve these bounds. Our results prove that collaborative p2p schemes achieve up to 50% energy savings with respect to the best available centralized file distribution scheme. Through simulation, we demonstrate that in more realistic cases (e.g., considering network congestion, and link variability across hosts) we validate this observation, since our collaborative algorithms always achieve significant energy savings with res...

  8. International Atomic Energy Agency Annual Report 2011 (Spanish Edition)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The IAEA Annual Report 2011 aims to summarize only the significant activities of the Agency during the year in question. This report covers the period 1 January to 31 December 2011. The main part of the report, starting on page 21, generally follows the programme structure as given in The Agency's Programme and Budget 2010-2011 (GC(53)/5). The introductory chapter, 'The Year in Review', seeks to provide a thematic analysis of the Agency's activities within the context of notable developments during the year. More detailed information can be found in the latest editions of the Agency's Nuclear Safety Review, Nuclear Technology Review, Technical Cooperation Report and the Safeguards Statement for 2011 and Background to the Safeguards Statement. Additional information covering various aspects of the Agency's programme is available in electronic form only on iaea.org, along with the Annual Report.

  9. International Atomic Energy Agency Annual Report 2011 (French Edition)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The IAEA Annual Report 2011 aims to summarize only the significant activities of the Agency during the year in question. This report covers the period 1 January to 31 December 2011. The main part of the report, starting on page 21, generally follows the programme structure as given in The Agency's Programme and Budget 2010-2011 (GC(53)/5). The introductory chapter, 'The Year in Review', seeks to provide a thematic analysis of the Agency's activities within the context of notable developments during the year. More detailed information can be found in the latest editions of the Agency's Nuclear Safety Review, Nuclear Technology Review, Technical Cooperation Report and the Safeguards Statement for 2011 and Background to the Safeguards Statement. Additional information covering various aspects of the Agency's programme is available in electronic form only on iaea.org, along with the Annual Report.

  10. International Atomic Energy Agency Annual Report 2011 (Russian Edition)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The IAEA Annual Report 2011 aims to summarize only the significant activities of the Agency during the year in question. This report covers the period 1 January to 31 December 2011. The main part of the report, starting on page 21, generally follows the programme structure as given in The Agency's Programme and Budget 2010-2011 (GC(53)/5). The introductory chapter, 'The Year in Review', seeks to provide a thematic analysis of the Agency's activities within the context of notable developments during the year. More detailed information can be found in the latest editions of the Agency's Nuclear Safety Review, Nuclear Technology Review, Technical Cooperation Report and the Safeguards Statement for 2011 and Background to the Safeguards Statement. Additional information covering various aspects of the Agency's programme is available in electronic form only on iaea.org, along with the Annual Report.

  11. The Problem of Agency; How Humans Act, How Machines Act

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rose, Jeremy; Jones, M.; Truex, D.

    2003-01-01

    put forward based on Giddens’ structuration theory, and, more recently, from actor network theory. The two theories, however, may be seen to adopt rather different, and potentially incompatible, views of agency (action). Thus, structuration theory sees agency as a uniquely human property, whereas...... the principle of general symmetry in actor network theory implies that machines may also be actors (agents). This rather fundamental disagreement may be characterized as the problem of agency. At the empirical level the problem of agency was played out in a Canadian telecoms company adopting an ERP system....... Was it the mangers and unions (the human agents) that were determining the trajectory of the organization, or did the ERP system also play a role? This paper argues that neither structuration theory or actor network theory offers a particularly convincing account of the interplay of human and machine agency...

  12. Value of a Platform to a Seller: Case of American Airlines and Online Travel Agencies

    OpenAIRE

    Volodymyr Bilotkach; Nicholas G. Rupp; Vivek Pai

    2013-01-01

    We approach the issue of the value of a platform to a seller in a two-sided market where both buyers and sellers multi-home. A seller that loses access to a major buyer platform can potentially incur substantial financial losses. We exploit a recent conflict between American Airlines and two leading online travel agencies (Expedia and Orbitz), which dropped American Airlines fare quotes during the first quarter of 2011. We present a simple model of airline ticket distribution. This model prov...

  13. 78 FR 5477 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Inter-Agency Alien Witness and Informant Record, Form I...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-25

    ... Alien Witness and Informant Record, Form I-854, Extension Without Change, of a Currently Approved... Alien Witness and Informant Record. (3) Agency form number, if any, and the applicable component of the...: Primary: Individuals or Households. Form I- 854 is used by law enforcement agencies to bring...

  14. 41 CFR 102-75.700 - Which Federal agencies may solicit applications from eligible State agencies interested in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... replacement housing for persons being displaced by Federal or Federally assisted projects? 102-75.700 Section... Disposal Property for Displaced Persons § 102-75.700 Which Federal agencies may solicit applications from... Federal agency needing property for replacement housing for displaced persons may solicit...

  15. 28 CFR 81.4 - Referral of reports where the designated agency is not a law enforcement agency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Referral of reports where the designated agency is not a law enforcement agency. 81.4 Section 81.4 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) CHILD ABUSE AND CHILD PORNOGRAPHY REPORTING DESIGNATIONS AND PROCEDURES § 81.4 Referral...

  16. Modeling Social Agency Using Diachronic Cognition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Neumann, Martin; Cowley, Stephen

    2016-01-01

    This chapter applies an agent-based modeling approach to explore some aspects of team coordination by mutual adjustments. The teams considered here are cross functional teams, either co-located or distributed where individuals with specialized knowledge and skills work simultaneously together...... to accomplish an interdependent team task. Coordination by mutual adjustment is the joint activity whereby each team member aims to alignhis actions so that they fit those actions contributed by the other team members. Simon’s construct, docility is used as a theoretical lever to cast light on how...... the composition of teams with respect to individual level differences play out during team members’ interaction and the resulting consequences of these differences for team coordination. An agent-based simulation model with agents that worked together on an interdependent team task was created and coded in Java...

  17. The use of asymmetric distributions in average bioequivalence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Souza, Roberto Molina; Achcar, Jorge Alberto; Martinez, Edson Zangiacomi; Mazucheli, Josmar

    2016-07-10

    Generic drugs have been commercialized in numerous countries. Most of these countries approve the commercialization of a generic drug when there is evidence of bioequivalence between the generic drug and the reference drug. Generally, the pharmaceutical industry is responsible for the bioequivalence test under the supervision of a regulatory agency. This procedure is concluded after a statistical data analysis. Several agencies adopt a standard statistical analysis based on procedures that were previously established. In practice, we face situations in which this standard model does not fit to some sets of bioequivalence data. In this study, we propose an evaluation of bioequivalence using univariate and bivariate models based on an extended generalized gamma distribution and a skew-t distribution, under a Bayesian perspective. We introduce a study of the empirical power of hypothesis tests for univariate models, showing advantages in the use of an extended generalized gamma distribution. Three sets of bioequivalence data were analyzed under these new procedures and compared with the standard model proposed by the majority of regulatory agencies. In order to verify that the asymmetrical distributions are usually better fitted for the data, when compared with the standard model, model discrimination methods were used, such as the Deviance Information Criterion (DIC) and quantile-quantile plots. The research concluded that, in general, the use of the extended generalized gamma distribution may be more appropriate to model bioequivalence data in the original scale. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:26840012

  18. The global impact distribution of Near-Earth objects

    CERN Document Server

    Rumpf, Clemens; Atkinson, Peter M

    2015-01-01

    Asteroids that could collide with the Earth are listed on the publicly available Near-Earth object (NEO) hazard web sites maintained by the US and European space agencies (NASA and ESA). The impact probability distribution of 69 potentially threatening NEOs from these lists that produce 261 dynamically distinct impact instances, or Virtual Impactors (VIs), were calculated using the Asteroid Risk Mitigation and Optimization Research (ARMOR) tool in conjunction with OrbFit. ARMOR projected the impact probability of each VI onto the surface of the Earth as a spatial probability distribution. The projection considers orbit solution accuracy and the global impact probability. The method of ARMOR is introduced and the tool is validated against two asteroid-Earth collision cases with objects 2008 TC3 and 2014 AA. In the analysis, the natural distribution of impact corridors is contrasted against the impact probability distribution to evaluate the distributions conformity with the uniform impact distribution assumpti...

  19. TURKISH HARD COAL AGENCY ECONOMIC EFFECT OF ZONGULDAK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mesut ELİBÜYÜK

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Turkish Hard Coal Agency -the only institution engaged in coal extractionhas made great contributions in the economic sense, in the western Black Sea region or even the entire Black Sea region. That institution Turkish Hard Coal Agency, particularly in terms of the development of the province of Zonguldak has been a decisive influence. The extraction of coal in the institution goes through in a challenging process. The businesses, factories, the location of lavuars, wells of Turkish Hard Coal Agency have appointed both urban development areas as well as the direction of migration. Depending on Turkish Hard Coal Agency, many industries have been established in this region but the region's economy is mainly dominated by iron and steel sector. Turkish Hard Coal Agency has made some significant impacts in the other activities of the workers in the institution. The agriculture, livestock, forestry, industrial and commercial activities remain under the influence of Turkish Hard Coal Agency and these activities are being shaped by the production of Turkish Hard Coal Agency. There is also seen the largest share of public investments in mining.

  20. The Role and Value of Conservation Agency Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roux, Dirk J.; Kingsford, Richard T.; McCool, Stephen F.; McGeoch, Melodie A.; Foxcroft, Llewellyn C.

    2015-06-01

    Governments charge their conservation agencies to safeguard biodiversity through protected areas and threat mitigation. Increasingly, conservation management and policy need to be supported by rigorous evidence provided by science. As such, institutional arrangements should consider and enable effective scientific research and information dissemination. What role can in-house agency research play in responding to this challenge? We examined the research capabilities of three conservation agencies from Australia, South Africa, and United States. Seven indicators were used to characterize the reliability and relevance of agency research. We found similarities among agencies in their patterns of peer-reviewed publication, cultures of research collaboration, and tendencies to align research with organizational objectives. Among the many and diverse activities that constitute the role of a contemporary agency researcher, we emphasize two key research dimensions: reliability, achieved through peer-reviewed research output, and relevance, achieved through active stakeholder engagement. Amid increasingly challenging realities for conservation of ecosystems, agency science functions are vital to providing the evidence base required for effective management and policy development.