WorldWideScience

Sample records for age life styles

  1. Elderly age: healthy life style and life activity prolongation

    OpenAIRE

    Chernyshkova Elena Vyacheslavovna; Rodionova Tatyana Vyacheslavovna; Mukhina Marina Yurievna; Veretelnikova Yulia Yakovlevna; Chernyshkov Danila Vsevolodovich

    2015-01-01

    The article presents the analysis of the results of elderly people’s (aged 55–65) questionnaires concerning the basic precepts of healthy life style for activity prolongation (N = 180). It has been established that the basic principles of healthy life style include regular moderate physical loads, a rational diet, giving up bad habits. Healthy life style popularization may become a promising measure to increase activity motivation of elderly people.

  2. Life styles related to coronary artery disease in Saudi Males older than 12 years of age

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present study highlighted life styles related to coronary artery disease risk factors among patients attending a primary care clinic at King Khalid University Hospital, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia. We conducted a cross-sectional study at a primary care clinic at King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, during the period from 18/4/2006 to 13/6/2006. All adult male patients older than 12 years of age who attended one consultant primary care clinic were included in the study. All patients were interviewed by one consultant in family medicine during the study period. The patients were asked about dietary habits, physical activity and type of exercise, and smoking habits. Weight and height was taken for all patients by the nurse in the clinic and body mass index (BMI) were calculated for all patients. The total number of participants was 246 patients. The data were analyzed using the Statistical Package of Social Science (SPSS) version 11.5. A p value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Of the 246 male adult patients, 45.4% always consumed vegetables and fruits in their diet, 21.5% exercised on a daily basis, 51.2% exercised sometimes and 26% did not exercise at all. The type of exercise practiced by active participants was walking (76.5%) and sports (22.9%). Sports included football, basketball, swimming and other sports club activity. Only 20.7% of the participants had an ideal body weight (BMI=30). 8.9% of the participants were current smokers. Overweight and obesity is a common health problem among male adult patients attending a primary care setting. Improved dietary habits (consumption of vegetables and fruits and minimization of fat and suits) encouraging exercise and walking and helping current smokers to quit smoking are essential steps towards improving life styles in the community. It is an important health plan priority to concentrate on improving life styles in the Saudi community, to prevent cardiovascular risk factors

  3. Healthy Life Style

    OpenAIRE

    Donát, Lukáš

    2008-01-01

    The diploma thesis deals with a healthy life style and its influence on the most frequent civilization diseases. In the subsequent parts there has been elaborated a questionnaire with the main topic -- healthy life style. Based on this questionnaire are also the results which confirm or contradict the hypotheses formulated in the process of the presented diploma thesis.

  4. Physical functioning and life style of 50-65 years’ age hee teachers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baskevich O.V.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to study life style of 50-65 years’ age university teachers depending on their physical functioning and its connection with behavior habits. Material: questioning of 150 respondents was fulfilled by specially prepared questionnaire. Anthropometric testing was conducted. Results: it was found that most of the questioned spend time watching TV or reading and pay very little attention to physical functioning. We also found that most of respondents deal with household chores but want to do something outdoors (practice public activity. There is a trend to avoid smoking among them. Only 5.0% are cigarette smokers. The rest have never smoked or gave up smoking more than 10 years ago. Among the partners of the questioned there are a lot of smokers (16.2%. Most of the questioned have friends and relatives, who can help to achieve the highest level of physical functioning. 18.9% of partners of the questioned regularly practice sports. Some useful for health habits are observed in life situations of all respondents. Conclusions: the received data witness about purposefulness of seeking of effective ways of pre retirement age HEE teachers’ involvement in active recreational functioning. We have also found that there are time reserves for this purpose.

  5. Influence of age, sex and life style factors on the spontaneous and radiation induced micronuclei frequencies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Several endpoints have been used for monitoring human populations for environmental or occupational exposure to genotoxic agents, particularly ionizing radiation. The cytokinesis-block micronucleus (MN) assay in peripheral lymphocytes is a reliable method for assessing radiation induced chromosomal damage (DNA breaks and mitotic spindle disturbances) and thus, a suitable dosimeter for estimating in vivo whole body exposures. To further define the use of this assay in biological dosimetry, a study to determine the influence of age, sex and life style factors (smoking habit) on the spontaneous and radiation induced MN frequencies was performed. The estimation of MN frequencies was analyzed in lymphocytes cultures from 50 healthy donors aged between 4 and 62 years. On the basis of their smoking habit they were divided into 2 groups. A fraction of the sample was irradiated in vitro with Y rays in the range of 0.35 Gy to 4 Gy. A statistically significant influence on the spontaneous MN frequency was observed (R2 = 0.59) when the variables age and smoking habit were analyzed and also a statistically significant influence on the radiation induced MN frequency was obtained (R2 = 0.96) when dose, age and smoking habit were studied. Sex did not influence MN variability significantly but there was a greater dispersion in the results for females when compared to males, possibly due to the loss of X chromosomes. The comparison of the data from smoking to non smoking donors supports the convenience to take into account the smoking habit for estimating in vivo whole body exposures to γ-rays for doses below 2 Gy. (author)

  6. Life Style Assessment: So What!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aubry, William E.

    The construct life style was used by Alfred Adler to describe the characteristic way in which individuals act and think. Followers of his theories are now collecting evidence to support or validate his contentions. The assessment of client life styles serves: (1) to make the client aware of his misconceptions, (2) as a reference point for therapy,…

  7. Humor and creative life styles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richman, J

    2001-01-01

    This paper is based upon the writings of William James in the late 19th century, and Alfred Adler and Sigmund Freud in the 20th, enriched by the contributions of later personality and role theorists. The self is defined as the unique organization of each person; a style is the self in action. Different life styles and their components are expressed in different situations. I posit that humor and positive thinking, combined with meaning and purpose, are vital components of all constructive life styles. The knowledge of life styles cuts through diagnostic labels to reveal our universal humanity. It can be fruitfully applied to patients and nonpatients alike and, I found, for the self-understanding of therapist. The clinical application of life styles is illustrated through numerous vignettes. PMID:11641883

  8. Humor and creative life styles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richman, J

    2001-01-01

    This paper is based upon the writings of William James in the late 19th century, and Alfred Adler and Sigmund Freud in the 20th, enriched by the contributions of later personality and role theorists. The self is defined as the unique organization of each person; a style is the self in action. Different life styles and their components are expressed in different situations. I posit that humor and positive thinking, combined with meaning and purpose, are vital components of all constructive life styles. The knowledge of life styles cuts through diagnostic labels to reveal our universal humanity. It can be fruitfully applied to patients and nonpatients alike and, I found, for the self-understanding of therapist. The clinical application of life styles is illustrated through numerous vignettes.

  9. Life styles related to coronary artery disease in Saudi males older than 12 years of age life styles related to coronary artery disease in Saudi males older than 12 years of age

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The present study highlighted life styles related to coronary artery disease risk factors among patients attending a primary care clinic at King Khalid University Hospital, in Riyadh, Saudi Arabia Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study at a primary care clinic at King Khalid University Hospital, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia, during the period from 18/4/2006 to 13/6/2006. All adult male patients older than 12 years of age who attended one consultant primary care clinic were included in the study. All patients were interviewed by one consultant in family medicine during the study period. The patients were asked about dietary habits, physical activity and type of exercise, and smoking habits. Weight and height was taken for all patients by the nurse in the clinic and body mass index (BMI) was calculated for all patients. The total numbers of participants were 246 patients. The data were analyzed using the Statistical Package of Social Science (SPSS) version 11.5. A p value of less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. Results: Of the 246 male adult patients, 45.4% always consumed vegetables and fruits in their diet, 21.5% exercised on a daily bases, 51.2% exercised sometimes, and 26% did not exercise at all. The type of exercise practiced by active participants was walking (76.5%) and sports (22.9%). Sports included football, basketball, swimming, and other sport club activity. Only 20.7% of the participants had an ideal body weight (BMI<25), 37.4% were overweight (BMI 25 to <30), while 37.7% of the participants were obese (BMI ? 30). 8.9% of the participants were current smokers. Conclusion and recommendation: Overweight and obesity is a common health problem among male adult patients attending a primary care setting. Improved dietary habits (consumption of vegetables and fruits, and minimization of fat and sweets), encouraging exercise and walking, and helping current smokers to quit smoking are essential steps towards improving life styles in the

  10. Life-Style und Hypertonie - Hypertonie und Life-Style

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stoschitzky K

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Unser Life-Style (unser "Lebensstil", unsere "Lebensweise" steht in enger Beziehung zu unserem arteriellen Blutdruck und kann in dreifacher Weise in Verbindung mit einem arteriellen Hypertonus treten: 1. "Schlechter" Life-Style kann arteriellen Hypertonus auslösen oder zumindest fördern. 2. Arterieller Hypertonus kann durch "guten" Life-Style gesenkt bis gänzlich beseitigt werden. 3. Bekannte Folgen des arteriellen Hypertonus (wie Insult, Herzinsuffizienz, Myokardinfarkt, Niereninsuffizenz, paVK, Retinopathie, Aortendissektion, Demenz, usw. können den Patienten letztlich dazu zwingen, seinen Life-Style ganz wesentlich zu ändern - dann allerdings unabhängig davon, ob er "will" oder nicht. Wichtigstes Ziel medizinischen Handelns ist daher vor allem das Vorbeugen der unter Punkt 3 genannten, häufig irreversiblen Folgen des arteriellen Hypertonus. Besser sollte dies jedoch bereits als "Primärprävention" beginnen, indem man durch Verhinderung eines "schlechten" Life-Style einem arteriellen Hypertonus bereits vor seinem Entstehen vorbeugt. Spätestens bei bereits bestehendem arteriellem Hypertonus sollte jedoch eine "Verbesserung" des Life-Styles als ein sehr taugliches Mittel zur Senkung des Blutdrucks bei möglichst jedem Patienten "eingesetzt" werden. Wichtigste Elemente von Life-Style in Verbindung mit arteriellem Hypertonus sind dabei vor allem Adipositas, Bewegungsarmut, Rauchen, Stress, vermehrte Kochsalz-Zufuhr, Alkohol und Koffein. Sie sind sowohl auf der "ursächlichen" als auch auf der "therapeutischen" Seite des arteriellen Hypertonus zu finden und in Form von entsprechender "Umkehr" erfolgversprechend einsetzbar.

  11. The Homies in Silicon Valley: Figuring Styles of Life and Work in the Information Age

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marez, Curtis

    2006-01-01

    The dot-com crash of 2000-01 provides unique opportunities for historicizing what Manuel Castells calls the information age. This age is characterized by the dominance of information capital, a regime of accumulation organized around networks of computers and other information technologies whose production is partly centered in Northern…

  12. Influence of age, sex and life style factors (smoking habits) on the spontaneous and radiation induced micronuclei frequencies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Several endpoints have been used for monitoring human populations for environmental or occupational exposure to genotoxic agents, particularly ionizing radiation. The cytokinesis-block micronucleus (MN) assay in peripheral lymphocytes is a reliable method for assessing radiation induced chromosomal damage (DNA breaks and mitotic spindle disturbances) and thus, a suitable dosimeter for estimating in vivo whole body exposures. To further define the use of this assay in Biological Dosimetry, a study to determine the influence of age, sex and life style factors (smoking habit) on the spontaneous and radiation induced MN frequencies was performed. The estimation of MN frequencies was analyzed in lymphocytes cultures from 50 healthy donors aged between 4 and 62 years. On the basis of their smoking habit they were divided into 2 groups. A fraction of the sample was irradiated in vitro with γ rays in the range of 0.35 Gy to 4 Gy. A statistically significant influence on the spontaneous MN frequency was observed (R2 = 0.59) when the variables age and smoking habit were analyzed and also a statistically significant influence on the radiation induced MN frequency was obtained (R2 = 0.86) when dose, age and smoking habit were studied. Sex did not influence MN variability significantly but there was a greater dispersion in the results for females when compared to males, possibly due to the loss of X chromosomes. The comparison of the data from smoking donors to non smoking donors supports the convenience of taking into account the smoking habit for estimating in vivo whole body exposure to γ rays for doses below 2 Gy. (author). 8 refs., 3 figs., 1 tab

  13. Gut microbioma population: an indicator really sensible to any change in age, diet, metabolic syndrome, and life-style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Annalisa, Noce; Alessio, Tarantino; Claudette, Tsague Djoutsop; Erald, Vasili; Antonino, De Lorenzo; Nicola, Di Daniele

    2014-01-01

    Obesity has become a pandemic threat in the latest 30 years. The trend of the prevalence of overweight and obesity has got an overall increase in every part of the world, regardless of ethnicity, life-style and social ties. High food intake, genetic, and sedentary have been related to obesity; it has been also hypothesized that gut microbiota could have an impact on the complex mechanism underlying the weight gain. This review aims to illustrate the actual literature about gut microbiota and its relation with obesity and to analyze the possible implications of factors such as diet and life-style onto the composition of gut microbiota, that can lead to overweight/obesity condition.

  14. Gut Microbioma Population: An Indicator Really Sensible to Any Change in Age, Diet, Metabolic Syndrome, and Life-Style

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noce Annalisa

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Obesity has become a pandemic threat in the latest 30 years. The trend of the prevalence of overweight and obesity has got an overall increase in every part of the world, regardless of ethnicity, life-style and social ties. High food intake, genetic, and sedentary have been related to obesity; it has been also hypothesized that gut microbiota could have an impact on the complex mechanism underlying the weight gain. This review aims to illustrate the actual literature about gut microbiota and its relation with obesity and to analyze the possible implications of factors such as diet and life-style onto the composition of gut microbiota, that can lead to overweight/obesity condition.

  15. Parenting Styles and Life Satisfaction of Turkish Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cenkseven-Onder, Fulya

    2012-01-01

    This study examined adolescents' perception of satisfaction from various life domains according to gender and parenting styles among 562 Turkish adolescents [53.2% girls; Mean (M) age = 14.1, Standard Deviation (SD) = 0.85]. The participants completed the multidimensional students' life satisfaction scale and the parenting style inventory. The…

  16. The study of association between mother weight efficacy life-style with feeding practices, food groups intake and body mass index in children aged 3-6 years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maryam Gholamalizadeh

    2014-01-01

    Conclusions: The result of this study showed that maternal life-style was associated with feeding practices and child′s intake. There was no significant relation between the maternal self-efficacy and child BMI.

  17. Determinants of nursing students' healthy life style

    OpenAIRE

    Özyazıcıoğlu, Nurcan; Kılıç, Mineş; Erdem, Neşe; Yavuz, Cemil; Afacan, Sibel

    2011-01-01

    This descriptive research was carried out to determine the demographic characteristics that effect of healthy life style behavior of the students at Uludağ University. The study sample included 336 students in School of Health. The healthy life style behavior scale (HLSB-II) was used to measure healthy life style behaviors.          The total scores HLSB scale-II of students (128.97 ±16.40), subscales health responsibility (29.75 ± 4.19), physical activity (16.60 ± 4.24), nutrition (19.40 ±...

  18. Determinants of nursing students' healthy life style

    OpenAIRE

    Nurcan Özyazıcıoğlu; Mineş Kılıç; Neşe Erdem; Cemil Yavuz; Sibel Afacan

    2011-01-01

    This descriptive research was carried out to determine the demographic characteristics that effect of healthy life style behavior of the students at Uludağ University. The study sample included 336 students in School of Health. The healthy life style behavior scale (HLSB-II) was used to measure healthy life style behaviors.          The total scores HLSB scale-II of students (128.97 ±16.40), subscales health responsibility (29.75 ± 4.19...

  19. Determinants of nursing students' healthy life style

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurcan Özyazıcıoğlu

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false TR X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Normal Tablo"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman","serif";} This descriptive research was carried out to determine the demographic characteristics that effect of healthy life style behavior of the students at Uludağ University. The study sample included 336 students in School of Health. The healthy life style behavior scale (HLSB-II was used to measure healthy life style behaviors.          The total scores HLSB scale-II of students (128.97 ±16.40, subscales health responsibility (29.75 ± 4.19, physical activity (16.60 ± 4.24, nutrition (19.40 ± 3.73, spiritual growth (26.93 ± 4.06, interpersonal relationships (26.16 ± 4.25 and stress management (19.44 ± 3.57 were found. The student nurses performed the best in health responsibility but the worst in physical activity. It was also found that girls more than men have a high average in total average. Students' income level is found to influence the ability to deal with the nutrition.          As a result, healthy life style behavior of students was generally found to be medium level in this study. Students should be empowered to make healthy choices, and appropriate health education interventions should be developed.

  20. Attributional style and life-events.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothwell, N; Williams, J M

    1983-06-01

    The study addressed the question of the significance of intervening life-events in linking attributional style and depression. Twenty male subjects who had experienced an uncontrollable event, job redundancy, were compared with 20 controls on measures of attributional style, depression and self-esteem. The reformulated helplessness hypothesis implies that attribution and depression should be correlated only after the uncontrollable event. This was found to be the case for internal--external dimension, providing tentative support for the reformulated helplessness model.

  1. Leadership styles and quality of work life in SMEs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. S. Nanjundeswaraswamy

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs in India are currently facing the challenges of increased competitions. In such environment, labor retention is very important factor for competition and survival. In this context, appropriate leadership styles and Quality of Work Life (QWL are very important factors for survival. Literature on QWL is limited to SMEs and several studies commonly correlated with only QWL dimensions but no study on QWL has association with Leadership styles. This empirical study is accomplished to predict QWL in relation to Transformational and Transactional leadership styles. The sample consists of 240 Mechanical Manufacturing SMEs in Bangalore, India. To draw the inference chi-square test, Pearson correlation and regression analysis was carried out for the collected data using Mini Tab14. The results indicate that 25% of SMEs have implemented good QWL, in 56.6% of SMEs have implemented Transformational leadership styles; QWL of SMEs has significant association with Leadership styles. QWL and Leadership styles of SMEs are independent of demographical factors of SMEs like age of the firms, size of the firms, and cost of the project. QWL dimensions like work environment, relation and cooperation, autonomy of work has a significant association with leadership style. For both transformational and transactional leadership style job satisfaction and job security has highest correlation coefficient.

  2. Determinants of nursing students' healthy life style

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurcan Özyazıcıoğlu

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available This descriptive research was carried out to determine the demographic characteristics that effect of healthy life style behavior of the students at Uludağ University. The study sample included 336 students in School of Health. The healthy life style behavior scale (HLSB-II was used to measure healthy life style behaviors. The total scores HLSB scale-II of students (128.97 ±16.40, subscales health responsibility (29.75 ± 4.19, physical activity (16.60 ± 4.24, nutrition (19.40 ± 3.73, spiritual growth (26.93 ± 4.06, interpersonal relationships (26.16 ± 4.25 and stress management (19.44 ± 3.57 were found. The student nurses performed the best in health responsibility but the worst in physical activity. It was also found that girls more than men have a high average in total average. Students' income level is found to influence the ability to deal with the nutrition. As a result, healthy life style behavior of students was generally found to be medium level in this study. Students should be empowered to make healthy choices, and appropriate health education interventions should be developed.

  3. Life style as a blood pressure determinant.

    OpenAIRE

    Staessen, J A; Bieniaszewski, L; Pardaens, K; V. Petrov; Thijs, L.; Fagard, R.

    1996-01-01

    In Belgium, an affluent Western European country, participation in sports, alcohol intake, and living in a working class area were identified as the life style factors with the closest associations with the blood pressure level. Obesity was another important blood pressure correlate. Sodium intake, determined from the 24 h urinary output, and smoking were not associated with blood pressure. Controlled intervention studies have proven that weight reduction, endurance training and alcohol absti...

  4. Inquérito populacional sobre o estilo e a qualidade de vida na terceira idade Population inquiry around style of life in the third age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tania Ruiz

    2010-11-01

    êm bons hábitos de vida e se consideram felizes.Introduction: Population ageing wind up being worldwide phenomena, increasing the last decades. This extra life expectancy has brought doubts and preoccupation when it comes to the growth of how people could live in a vital way of life.Objective: To study the place of life and satisfaction level that holds the different aspects of the over sixty population group from Botucatu. Individuals and Method: A survey was made. The survey selected 365 elderly people from Botucatu. The people were chosen by comparing the stratification of social group and in a random sampling provided by the census map sectors supplied by IBGE. The method applied was adapted for the Brazilian reality and social situation and it was taken from Flanagan´s Quality of Life Scale and The Standard of Individual Life Style developed by Nahas. Results: Most elderly people interviewed were married, with a little formal education, and an average monthly income of three minimum salaries (US$275 per month. In general they have been living in the city for over 20 years in relatively small families, they have good eating habits, satisfied emotional and healthy lives, friends and leisure activities but doing little physical exercises comparing to other ages groups. Some changes in profile of elderly people over the last 20 years might be considered. There has been an increase growth in the number of elderly women, improvement education level, as well as a growth when it comes to the lifetime of advanced ages. However per capita income has not suffered changes over this period. Conclusion: These results show that the elderly population from Botucatu has changes that are and occurring and reflecting throughout the world level and they are related to demography, transition and nowadays pace of life. Despite living on low incomes and having poor education, they keep good lifestyle habits and consider themselves happy elderly people.

  5. Life style and behavior of school children without parental care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kvrgić Svetlana T.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Indroduction Life style (behavior is one of the most significant factors affecting health. Although a number of factors participate in creating behavior, family is one the most important. The goal was to analyze the life style of children without parental care. Material and methods The research was done using cross-sectional data from "Children village" in Sremska Kamenica (N=127, and a questionnaire was especially created for this purpose. Results and discussion It was established that 75% of elementary school children and 43% of high school children are physically active. The greatest health risk is smoking (only 50% of students reported never to smoke cigarettes, while 17.5% were daily smokers. The problem is greatest in high school children (43% polled are daily smokers. Alcohol consumption is less common than in the general population of the same age (10% polled drink beer and wine several times a month, while 5% drink spirits - brandy, whisky etc.. Attitudes to sports, smoking and alcohol are mainly positive, but at older age there is an increased number of children with negative attitudes. Knowledge regarding healthy diet is on a lower level comparing with general population, meals are more regular, but with less desirable food. Conclusion From the aspect of health, life style of children without parental care is characterized by risky behavior, particularly in high school children.

  6. Styling in a Language Learned Later in Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rampton, Ben

    2013-01-01

    This article analyses the styles of English produced by an adult migrant who started to speak the language later in life, and it approaches them from the perspective of quantitative style-shifting and discursive stylization. After defining style and the procedures needed to justify the term "L2," the study describes the focal…

  7. Explanatory style across the life span: evidence for stability over 52 years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burns, M O; Seligman, M E

    1989-03-01

    Analyzed explanatory style across the life span. 30 Ss whose average age was 72 responded to questions about their current life and provided diaries or letters written in their youth, an average of 52 years earlier. A blind content analysis of explanatory style derived from these 2 sources revealed that explanatory style for negative events was stable throughout adult life (r = .54, p less than .002). In contrast, there appeared to be no stability of explanatory style for positive events between the same 2 time periods. These results suggest that explanatory style for negative events may persist across the life span and may constitute an enduring risk factor for depression, low achievement, and physical illness. PMID:2926642

  8. Do Qualification, Experience and Age Matter for Principals Leadership Styles?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Javed Sawati

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The main focus of present study was to find out the prevalent leadership styles of principals in government schools of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and to find relationship of leadership styles with qualifications, age and experience of the principals. On the basis of analyzed data, four major leadership styles of the principals were identified as Eclectic, Democratic, Autocratic, and Free-rein. However, a small proportion of the principal had no dominant leadership style. This study shows that principals’ leadership styles have no significant correlation with age, experience and qualification.

  9. Do Qualification, Experience and Age Matter for Principals Leadership Styles?

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Javed Sawati; Saeed Anwar; Muhammad Iqbal Majoka

    2013-01-01

    The main focus of present study was to find out the prevalent leadership styles of principals in government schools of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and to find relationship of leadership styles with qualifications, age and experience of the principals. On the basis of analyzed data, four major leadership styles of the principals were identified as Eclectic, Democratic, Autocratic, and Free-rein. However, a small proportion of the principal had no dominant leadership style. This study shows that princip...

  10. Life style segmentation in a cross-cultural perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Carsten Stig; Juhl, Hans Jørn

    1997-01-01

    This paper describes some problemes in doing cross-country, comparative research, involving observed as well as unobserved heterogeneity. The setting is life style segmentation, but the arguments cover a mush broader area.......This paper describes some problemes in doing cross-country, comparative research, involving observed as well as unobserved heterogeneity. The setting is life style segmentation, but the arguments cover a mush broader area....

  11. Towards a concept of food-related life style

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grunert, Klaus G.

    choice remains to be demonstrated. A cognitive deductive approach is presented as a theoretically more well-founded alternative. It defines life style as the system of cognitive, categories, scripts, their asociation, which relate a set of products to a set of values. A concept of food-related life style...... should hence contain elements like shopping scripts, meal preparation scripts, desired higher-order food attributes, food usage situations, a desired consequences of food products....

  12. Towards a concept of food-related life style

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grunert, Klaus G.

    choice remains to be demonstrated. A cognitive deductive approach is presented as a theoretically more well-founded alternative. It defines life style as the system of cognitive categories, scripts, and their associations, which relate a set of products to a set of values. A concept of food-related life...... style should hence contain elements like shopping scripts, meal preparation scripts, desired higher-order food attributes, food usage situations, and desired consequences of food products....

  13. Weather, knowledge base and life-style

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohle, Martin

    2015-04-01

    Why to main-stream curiosity for earth-science topics, thus to appraise these topics as of public interest? Namely, to influence practices how humankind's activities intersect the geosphere. How to main-stream that curiosity for earth-science topics? Namely, by weaving diverse concerns into common threads drawing on a wide range of perspectives: be it beauty or particularity of ordinary or special phenomena, evaluating hazards for or from mundane environments, or connecting the scholarly investigation with concerns of citizens at large; applying for threading traditional or modern media, arts or story-telling. Three examples: First "weather"; weather is a topic of primordial interest for most people: weather impacts on humans lives, be it for settlement, for food, for mobility, for hunting, for fishing, or for battle. It is the single earth-science topic that went "prime-time" since in the early 1950-ties the broadcasting of weather forecasts started and meteorologists present their work to the public, daily. Second "knowledge base"; earth-sciences are a relevant for modern societies' economy and value setting: earth-sciences provide insights into the evolution of live-bearing planets, the functioning of Earth's systems and the impact of humankind's activities on biogeochemical systems on Earth. These insights bear on production of goods, living conditions and individual well-being. Third "life-style"; citizen's urban culture prejudice their experiential connections: earth-sciences related phenomena are witnessed rarely, even most weather phenomena. In the past, traditional rural communities mediated their rich experiences through earth-centric story-telling. In course of the global urbanisation process this culture has given place to society-centric story-telling. Only recently anthropogenic global change triggered discussions on geoengineering, hazard mitigation, demographics, which interwoven with arts, linguistics and cultural histories offer a rich narrative

  14. Life Style Education: Are We Prepared for Changes?

    OpenAIRE

    Qismullah Yusuf

    2016-01-01

    The public should be aware of the sudden change of life style of some people that makes their life completely different from their previous ones. All of us must be ready to face any circumstances from this manifestation in the future.  The rich, wealthy and famous should be made aware that that type of life style is not wrong, but they should also be taught how to follow a normal way of life. Proper guidance and counselling on how to live normally needs to be provided with especially designed...

  15. Determinants of female fecundity and outcome of pregnancy : epidemiological cohort studies to the effects of age, biometry and life style habits

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B.M. Zaadstra (Baukje Marijke)

    1993-01-01

    textabstractBecoming a mother is no more a matter of destiny only, but increasingly a matter of choice as wel!. Until recently, having children was as natura! as eating, drinking and dying. Children just "happened" during the course of (married) life. However in modem societies life does not just "h

  16. Social inequality in dynamic balance performance in an early old age Spanish population: The role of health and life style associated factors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rodriguez Lopez, Santiago; Nilsson, Charlotte Juul; Lund, Rikke;

    2012-01-01

    This study investigates the association between socioeconomic status (SES) and dynamic balance performance and whether lifestyle factors explained any possible associations. A total of 448 nondisabled individuals, age-range 54–75 years and enrolled in the Active Aging Longitudinal Study of Spain...... of poor balance, also after adjustment for age, gender, obesity and physical activity. In addition, obesity and sedentary physical activity were related to poor dynamic balance. The findings suggest an independent effect of both SES and behavioral factors on poor balance performance in the older Spanish...

  17. Life Style Education: Are We Prepared for Changes?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qismullah Yusuf

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The public should be aware of the sudden change of life style of some people that makes their life completely different from their previous ones. All of us must be ready to face any circumstances from this manifestation in the future.  The rich, wealthy and famous should be made aware that that type of life style is not wrong, but they should also be taught how to follow a normal way of life. Proper guidance and counselling on how to live normally needs to be provided with especially designed lectures and classes. Bringing these “students” to remote villages where the poor and the disadvantaged live may help them to understand the hardships of life around them. Having a short intern period within such a community will help them further understand the real life of the majority in their country. Furthermore, if they are always taught in an environment of luxury and are never faced with a normal education system and style of life, a major problem arises: if, in the future, our country is led by such graduates, who never went through our normal education system or lived a normal style of life, how can they understand and lead the majority in our country? This paper discusses this phenomenon.

  18. Leadership styles and quality of work life in SMEs

    OpenAIRE

    T. S. Nanjundeswaraswamy; D.R. Swamy D R

    2015-01-01

    Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) in India are currently facing the challenges of increased competitions. In such environment, labor retention is very important factor for competition and survival. In this context, appropriate leadership styles and Quality of Work Life (QWL) are very important factors for survival. Literature on QWL is limited to SMEs and several studies commonly correlated with only QWL dimensions but no study on QWL has association with Leadership styles. This empirical s...

  19. Effect of cognitive status and life style on the prevalence of hypertension in the aged%老年人生活方式及认知状况对原发性高血压的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓芬; 孙丽华; 何洪波; 于瑞英; 周华东

    2003-01-01

    AIM:To explore the effect of cognitive status on hypertension and life style on the prevalence of hypertension in the aged in Chongqing communities. ETHODS:A total of 3 012 elderly residents aged 60 and over, randomly sampled by means of stratified cluster sampling from a Chongqing community cohort, were investigated. RESULTS:The cognitive status on hypertension in normal blood pressure group was 69.6% which was significantly higher than that in hypertension group(64.2% ).In the aged with a good cognition on hypertension,the proportions of drinking,smoking and high salt- intake were significantly decreased(Pearson χ 2 were 311.55,119.68,27.66,respectively,P0.05).Lifestyles such as smoking, high salt- intake,little exercise,everymonth- and everyday- drinking were significantly associated with the high prevalence of hypertension( Pearson χ 2 were 8.64,352.47,10.20,9.67,respectively, P0.05).吸烟、高盐摄入、很少运动和每天、每月饮酒的生活方式对高血压患病率增高有显著影响( Pearson χ 2值分别为 8.64,352.47,10.20,9.67, P< 0.01). 结论:高血压相关知识认知状况在高血压组和正常血压组之间明显不同,并影响着受试者的生活方式.吸烟、饮酒、高盐摄入和很少运动是高血压的重要危险因素.

  20. Australian food life style segments and elaboration likelihood differences

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brunsø, Karen; Reid, Mike

    As the global food marketing environment becomes more competitive, the international and comparative perspective of consumers' attitudes and behaviours becomes more important for both practitioners and academics. This research employs the Food-Related Life Style (FRL) instrument in Australia...... in order to 1) determine Australian Life Style Segments and compare these with their European counterparts, and to 2) explore differences in elaboration likelihood among the Australian segments, e.g. consumers' interest and motivation to perceive product related communication. The results provide new...... insights into cross-cultural similarities and differences, into elaboration likelihood differences among consumer segments, and show how the involvement construct may be used as basis for communication development....

  1. A Longitudinal Study of the Relationship between Attributional Style, Life Events, and Depression in Japanese Undergraduates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakamoto, Shinji; Kambara, Masahiko

    1998-01-01

    Investigates relationships among attributional style, life events, and depression in 143 Japanese undergraduates. Results indicate that negative experiences and depressogenic attributional styles increase the likelihood of depression, while positive experiences and enhancing attributional styles decrease the likelihood of depression. Suggests…

  2. Gabriel Weinreich: The life and style

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartmann, William M.

    2003-10-01

    Gabriel Weinreich (Gabi) was born in Vilna, Poland (now the capitol of Lithuania) one year prior to the founding of the Acoustical Society of America. When the second world war began in central Europe, Gabi's family came, in serial fashion, to New York City-Gabi himself arriving in 1941. Gabi studied physics at Columbia, and received a Ph.D. in 1953 for a thesis on atomic physics directed by the legendary I. I. Rabi. He subsequently worked on fundamental properties of semiconductors, first at Bell Labs, then, starting in 1960, at the University of Michigan. In 1977 he turned his attention to the acoustics of musical instruments, mainly the piano and bowed strings. He studied all phases of the physical elements: string excitation, string vibration, coupling, and radiation. Gabi brought his special style to acoustics-a combination of theory and experiment that imaginatively imports ideas and techniques from one area of physics into another, a willingness to attack traditional problems afresh by returning to first principles, and the ability to present ideas with incisive wit and charm so that information is not only informative but is also entertaining.

  3. The Impact of World Views on Professional Life-Styling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Darrell

    1980-01-01

    Analyzes the impact of world views on professional life style and counselor value systems. A philosophical approach is outlined. Theism, deism, agnosticism and antheism are discussed. Another author reviews this approach and urges counselors to focus on the philosophical area of axiology. (Author/CC)

  4. Continuities and consequences of interactional styles across the life course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caspi, A; Bem, D J; Elder, G H

    1989-06-01

    Behavior patterns can be sustained across the life course by two kinds of person-environment interaction. Cumulative continuity arises when an individual's interactional style channels him or her into environments that themselves reinforce that style, thereby sustaining the behavior pattern across the life course through the progressive accumulation of its own consequences. Interactional continuity arises when an individual's style evokes reciprocal, sustaining responses from others in ongoing social interaction, thereby reinstating the behavior pattern across the individual's life course whenever the relevant interactive situation is replicated. Using archival data from the Berkeley Guidance Study (Macfarlane, Allen, & Honzik, 1954), we present evidence for the operation of these two continuity-promoting processes by identifying individuals who were ill-tempered, shy, or dependent in late childhood and then tracing the continuities and consequences of these interactional styles across the subsequent 30 years of their lives in the domains of work and family. The importance of the sociocultural context in mediating these continuities and consequences is stressed. PMID:2769561

  5. Emotional style, health and perceived quality of life in pregnants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leticia Guarino

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study is to determine the possible relationship among emotional style (rumination and emotional inhibition and the perceived health and quality of life of pregnant women. To do so, a sample of 94 Venezuelan women on their first trimester of pregnancy completed questionnaires measuring the studied variables: Rumination, Emotional Inhibition, Global Health and perceived Quality of Life. Results support previous findings regarding the positive association between negative emotional style and the deterioration of the health status, while brings new evidence of the inverse relationship between these individual difference and the quality of life in this particular group, who has been poorly studied in its psychosocial dimension. 

  6. Multifactor analysis of abnormal bone density and life style in young and middle-aged people%中青年人群超声骨密度异常与生活方式的多因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常丹; 王秀萍; 张红利; 王倩; 李小珍

    2014-01-01

    Objective :To investigate the relationship between abnormal bone density detected by Ultra-sonic apparatus and life style in young and middle-aged people .Methods :690 patients ,aging 20-45 years old ,under-went bone density assessment by Ultrasonic apparatus .Normal bone density was detected in 571 patients .Low bone mass was detected in 97 patients .Osteoporosis was detected in 22 patients .Questionnaire survey was carried out and the data was analyzed using SPSS 13 .0 software .Results :Logistic regression analysis reveals that abnormal bone density was positive correlation with long-term unreasonable diet ,lack of exercise ,obesity ,long-term smoking and drinking .Conclusion :Risk factors of abnormal bone density in young and middle-aged people include long-term unreasonable diet ,lack of exercise ,obesity ,long-term smoking and drinking .%目的:探讨中青年人群生活方式引起骨密度异常的危险因素。方法:选取年龄20~45岁体检者690例进行超声骨密度测定,其中骨密度正常者571例,低骨量者97例,骨质疏松者22例。通过问卷调查收集数据资料,使用SPSS 13.0从生活方式上进行多元Logistic回归分析。结果:Logistic回归分析显示,超声骨密度结果异常与长期膳食不合理、缺乏运动、肥胖、饮酒、吸烟呈正相关。结论:中青年人骨密度异常的危险因素包括长期善食不合理、缺乏运动、肥胖、饮酒、吸烟等。

  7. Promotion of healthy life-style in kindergarten

    OpenAIRE

    Kos, Nataša

    2012-01-01

    The theoretical part of this thesis presents a programme entitled Health in Kindergarten, which aims at teaching pre-school children how to live healthy. This programme is primarily focused on preventing illnesses, since a healthy life-style can often help us avoid diseases before they develop. The programme affects the following areas: chronic non-contagious diseases (diet, physical activity), chronic contagious diseases (hygiene, infection prevention, vaccination), injuries and poisoning (s...

  8. LIFE STYLE OF RENTED LAND OWNERS IN UBUD SUBDISTRICT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.A. Gde Putra Pemayun

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available This present study was intended to analyze the Life Style of the Rented Land Owners at Ubud Subdistrict. The problems of the study are formulated as follows: (1 what is the characteristic of the rented land owners at Ubud Subdistrict like? (2 How has the process of life style of the rented land owners at Ubud Subdistrict  taken place? And (3 what is the implication of the life style of the rented land owners on their lives? Qualitative method was employed in the study. The data were processed using observation, interview and documentary techniques. The workability of the law regulating the demand for land at Ubud Subdistrict motivated the land owners to rent out their land to investors. Apart from that, the internal dimension, which is made up of the economical capital, was the most important element as it could activate small, medium and big enterprises. Another aspect was image which was reflected through perception, cognition, motivation, and attitude of individuals as consumers. As an illustration, they built luxurious houses and showed off luxurious cars to show the image that they were new wealthy people. On the other hand, there was external dimension, namely, the highly rapid development of tourism, which could positively and negatively contribute to the life style of the people living at Ubud Subdistrict. Such an implication could not be avoided. The other aspect was consumerism; the consumers were around the symbol and sign. Mass media were the miracles of the object liturgy; pleasure was defined as the realization of freedom, and the human body was the main object of consumers. The last aspect was the government’s policy which determined that Ubud Subdistrict was a tourist destination. As a result, the local people had the opportunity to rent out their land which was used to expand the industry of tourism and to activate the other economic enterprises.

  9. Urban Farming: Towards Eco-Friendly Urban Life Style

    OpenAIRE

    R.M. Channaveer

    2006-01-01

    Green Revolution assured food security but it took away sustainability of environment. Corporate culture, on the other hand, exploits both natural and human resources posing danger to the equilibrium of nature. Excess use of fertilizers, pesticides and genetically modified seeds in Indian agriculture is the most prominent factor in the degradation of agriculture system due to anti-environment practices. To speak of the urban life style, which is succumbing to the industrial pollution and envi...

  10. Are certain life style habits associated with lower Alzheimer disease risk?

    OpenAIRE

    Arab, Lana; Sabbagh, Marwan N.

    2010-01-01

    As the number of patients with Alzheimer disease is expected to grow, finding ways to prevent and lower the risk of Alzheimer disease becomes a crucial matter. Risk factors for developing AD have been identified including health conditions, dietary habits, genetics and heredity, gender, education, age, and lifestyle. Interventions targeted at some of these risk factors may offer opportunities for development of an optimal preventive strategy. Life style habits which include dietary habits and...

  11. Genes and life-style factors in BELFAST nonagenarians: Nature, Nurture and Narrative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rea, Jennifer Nicola M; Carvalho, Ashley; McNerlan, Susan E; Alexander, H Denis; Rea, Irene Maeve

    2015-10-01

    Understanding how to 'Age Longer and Age Well' is a priority for people personally, for populations globally and for government policy. Nonagenarians are the oldest members of our societies and survivors of their generation. Approximately 10 % of nonagenarians reach 90 years and beyond in good condition and seem to have a combination of both age-span and health-span. But what are the factors which help people reach their ninetieth birthday and beyond in good condition? Are they genetics, as in 'nature', or do they depend on 'nurture' and are related to environment, or are both factors inextricably intertwined within the concept of behavioural genetics? Nonagenarians have rich life experiences that can teach us much about ageing well; they are reservoirs of genetic, life-style and behavioural information which can help dissect out how to live not only longer but better. Personal family history and narrative are powerful tools that help to determine familial traits, beliefs and social behaviours and when used in parallel with new biotechnology methods inform and elaborate causality. Here we present themes and insights from personal narrative enquiry from nonagenarian participants from the Belfast Elderly Longitudinal Free-living Ageing STudy (BELFAST) about factors they consider important for good quality ageing and relate these insights to the emerging genetics and life-style evidence associated with healthy longevity. PMID:25773008

  12. ANALYZING THE PHYSICAL ACTIVITY LEVELS AND HEALTHY LIFE STYLE BEHAVIORS OF UNIVERSITY STUDENTS

    OpenAIRE

    Aykut DÜNDAR; Aktuğ, Zait Burak; YETİŞ, Ümit; Talha MURATHAN; Fatih MURATHAN

    2013-01-01

    Students can develop a life style that will negatively affect their health due to their leaving from the family environment they have been accustomed to, their being open to external effects and their making their own choices significantly in university years concurrent with their youth. It is also possible for the young to carry this life style into their life after their education at university. In the research, it was aimed to analyze the physical activity levels and healthy life style beh...

  13. A review about the effect of life style modification on diabetes and quality of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shrestha, Prabha; Ghimire, Laxmi

    2012-11-01

    The aim of this review is to examine diabetes and quality of life improvements through modifying life style. The data was collected by reviewing published articles from PubMed, Medline, Web of Science, and Google open access publications. The review identified prevention strategies can reduce the risk and complications of diabetes. Life style modification in relation to obesity, eating habit, and physical exercise can play a major role in the prevention of diabetes. Nowadays, there has been progress in the development of behavioural strategies to modify these life style habits and it is not easy to accept for long term basis. If people maintain a balanced diet and physical exercise this can have real and potential benefits for their prevention and control of complications from chronic diseases particularly for cardiovascular risk and diabetes. Healthy life style may best be achieved through public private partnerships involving government, partners organizations, health services providers, community and people living with diabetes. Effective strategies to reduce the incidence of diabetes globally and assist in managing the disease are urgently required. PMID:23121755

  14. Policies that promote changing life styles related to energies. Energy ni kakawaru life style no henka wo unagasu seisaku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsuchiya, N. (Environmental Research Center, Tokyo (Japan))

    1992-06-30

    Discussions were given on implementation methods and effects of policies that promote changing life styles related to energy consumption. Calculations prove that saving electric power by 10.6% and gas by 14.5% is possible if carefully thought-out efforts are given on saving energies in using refrigerators, gas ovens, baths, washers, cleaners, TV sets, lightings, and Japanese foot warmers. Simulations have been performed on possibilities of reducing CO2 emission. A case that improvement of energy utilization efficiency and use of solar energy are introduced was set up as Option 1. A case that careful energy saving efforts are given on the civil sector and automobile utilization over Option 1 was handled as Option 2. The result showed that the CO2 emission can be reduced less by 32% than the reference case in Option 1, and Option 2 resulted in 9% reduction over Option 1. On the other hand, policies to aid changing life styles may include warning the current energy consuming levels, encouraging and paying subsidies on energy saving products, and imposing taxes on low efficiency products. 7 refs., 3 figs., 3 tabs.

  15. Impact of Cultural Values and Life Style on Impulse Buying Behavior: A case study of Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SHAHID BASHIR, MUHAMMAD ZEESHAN, SABBARDAHHAM SABBAR, RAI IMTIAZ HUSSAIN and IRSHAD HUSAIN SARKI.

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this study is to predict the impact of cultural values and life styles on impulse buying behavior of Pakistani customers. Survey methodology was used to collect the data by adopting convenient sampling technique. An empirical method was used to analyze the data. The T-test indicates that gender role is the only one variable of cultural values and life style of Pakistani customers where significant difference exists between male and female customers while making impulse buying behavior. Correlation test is used to analyze the relationship among the variables of cultural values and life style; the results suggest that there exist significant relation among all the variables of cultural values and life styles. The results also suggest that impulse buying behavior is predicted by security, life satisfaction, gender role, financial satisfaction, in group contact and life style variables of cultural values and lifestyles of Pakistani consumers.

  16. Food-related life style: Development of a cross-culturally valid instrument for market surveillance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grunert, Klaus G.; Brunsø, Karen; Bisp, Søren

    1993-01-01

    an important input to a food producer's strategy formation. 2. Life style measurement has been widely used in marketing, namely for guiding advertising strategy, segmentation, and product development. Life style is potentially a valuable tool for market surveillance. 3. Life style studies as they are currently......Executive summary: 1. Surveying end users is a major component of market surveillance in the food industry. End users' value perception is the final determinant of how all other actors in the food chain can make a living. To perceive trends that affect how consumers value food products is therefore......-related life style that avoids these problems and is geared towards market surveillance in the food industry. It is rooted in the cognitive approach to explain human behaviour, and the main assertion is that life style is how consumers mentally link products to the attainment of life values. 5. Food...

  17. Dual-earner families' stress levels and personal and life-style-related variables.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sund, K; Ostwald, S K

    1985-01-01

    This study investigated personal and life-style-related variables and stress levels in dual-earner families in the preschool stage of family development. The sample was composed of 92 families receiving child day care through a major day care provider in the Upper Midwest. The Family Inventory of Life Events and Changes was used to measure the family stress level. The majority of dual-earner families in this sample were experiencing a moderate level of family stress based on national stress level norms calculated for families in the preschool stage of development. Parental age and age of children were statistically related to the family stress level. Life-style-related variables statistically significant in this study were amount of income and satisfaction with income level, satisfaction with child care, and flexibility in vacation scheduling. Parents who could easily schedule vacations during the same time period had significantly lower family stress levels than parents who had difficulty scheduling vacations together, p less than .003. Additionally, parents who reported being forced to take separate vacations because of their work schedules had statistically higher scores on family stress than parents who had never had to take separate vacations because of work schedules, p less than .002. PMID:3877914

  18. Dual-earner families' stress levels and personal and life-style-related variables.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sund, K; Ostwald, S K

    1985-01-01

    This study investigated personal and life-style-related variables and stress levels in dual-earner families in the preschool stage of family development. The sample was composed of 92 families receiving child day care through a major day care provider in the Upper Midwest. The Family Inventory of Life Events and Changes was used to measure the family stress level. The majority of dual-earner families in this sample were experiencing a moderate level of family stress based on national stress level norms calculated for families in the preschool stage of development. Parental age and age of children were statistically related to the family stress level. Life-style-related variables statistically significant in this study were amount of income and satisfaction with income level, satisfaction with child care, and flexibility in vacation scheduling. Parents who could easily schedule vacations during the same time period had significantly lower family stress levels than parents who had difficulty scheduling vacations together, p less than .003. Additionally, parents who reported being forced to take separate vacations because of their work schedules had statistically higher scores on family stress than parents who had never had to take separate vacations because of work schedules, p less than .002.

  19. Food-related life styles in Singapore: Testing a Western European research instrument in Southeast Asia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Askegaard, Søren; Brunsø, Karen; Crippen, Kaye;

    The food-related life style instrument developed by the MAPP research group has, up til now, been applied mainly in the context of European cultures. The purpose of the present study is to apply the food-related life style instrument in a new and very different cultural setting, to compare result...

  20. Learning Styles in the Age of Differentiated Instruction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landrum, Timothy J.; McDuffie, Kimberly A.

    2010-01-01

    The concept of learning styles has tremendous logical and intuitive appeal, and educators' desire to focus on learning styles is understandable. Recently, a growing emphasis on differentiated instruction may have further increased teachers' tendency to look at learning styles as an instructionally relevant variable when individualizing instruction…

  1. Non-adherence to life-style modification and its factors among type 2 diabetic patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shirin Jahan Mumu

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Non-adherence to preventive and therapeutic life-style recommendations among patients with diabetes is special challenge in the management of these patients. This study aimed to measure the proportion of non-adherence to life-style modification and factors associated with these among a group of Bangladeshi type 2 diabetic patients. Under an analytical cross-sectional design 374 type 2 diabetic patients (age >20 years, diagnosed for at least 1 year, were selected from different health care centers operated by the Diabetic Association of Bangladesh. Non-adherence rate were assessed for: Diet (88%, exercise (25%, routine blood glucose testing (32%, foot care (70%, smoking (6% and betel quid chewing habit (25%. Binary logistic regression suggests that higher education group (P = 0.013, rural area (P = 0.013 and attendance to diabetes education classes (P = 0.043 showed good adherence to diet and non-attendance to diabetes education class (P = 0.014, older age (P = 0.037 are associated to non-adherence to exercise. Unemployed patients showed more non-adherence to blood glucose testing (P = 0.045 than others. Non-attendance to diabetes education class (P = 0.037 and business occupation group (P = 0.039 showed significant association to smoking and betel quid intake habit respectively.

  2. Development and testing of a cross-culturally valid instrument: food-related life style

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brunsø, Karen; Grunert, Klaus G.

    1995-01-01

    Based on a cognitive perspective, we propose to make life style specific to certain areas of consumption. The specific area of consumption studied here is food, resulting in a concept of food-related life style. We have developed an instrument tha measure food-related life style in a cross......-culturaly valid way. To this end we have developed a pool of 202 items, collected data in three countries, and have constructed scales based on cross-culturally stable factor patterns. We have then applie set of scales to a fourth country, in order to further test the cross-cultural validity of the instrument....

  3. Identifying food-related life style segments by a cross-culturally valid scaling device

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brunsø, Karen; Grunert, Klaus G.

    1994-01-01

    We present a new view of life style, based on a cognitive perspective, which makes life style specific to certain areas of consumption. The specific area of consumption studied here is food, resulting in a concept of food-related life style. An instrument is developed that can measure food...... then applied the set of scales to a fourth country, Germany, based on a representative sample of 1000 respondents. The scales had, with a fe exceptions, moderately good reliabilities. A cluster ana-ly-sis led to the identification of 5 segments, which differed on all 23 scales....

  4. The role of explanatory style and negative life events in depression: a cross-sectional study with youth from a North American plains reservation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mileviciute, Inga; Trujillo, John; Gray, Matthew; Scott, Walter D

    2013-01-01

    In a cross-sectional study, we examined the role of explanatory styles and negative life events in the depressive experiences of AI youth. Ninetythree AI youth (49% female, ages 11-14 years) completed surveys assessing for explanatory style, negative life events, and depressive symptoms. Path analyses indicated that both the occurrence of negative life events within the past 6 months and a pessimistic explanatory style predicted more depressive symptoms. However, a moderation path model provided a superior fit to the data, indicating that the occurrence of negative life events was more strongly associated with depressive symptoms for those AI youth with a more pessimistic explanatory style. Findings are discussed in terms of potential interventions that can promote the well-being of this understudied and underserved population. PMID:24352819

  5. Eating habits and other risk factors: are the future health care service providers really at risk for life style disorders!

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shreyash Jayantilal Gandhi

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Adolescence period is crucial position in the life, characterized by rapid rate of growth. It is a need to study risk factors among this group so applicability of primary prevention can be planned. It is essential to know that whether future care providers are having any risk of acquiring life style disorders as they will be the future role models of society. Objectives: To study the dietary and other risk factors for acquiring life style related disorders and to correlate various anthropometry measurements with these risk factors. Methods: A cross-sectional study. All medical, physiotherapy and nursing students from Government Medical College, Surat having met with age criteria of adolescent (17-19 as per WHO were included in the study. Pre tested structured self-administered questionnaire was used. It was having questions on various risk factors of acquiring life style related disorders and having anthropometry measurements to correlate. Data were entered and analyzed in MS excel. Results: Total 290 participants were enrolled, out of them 240 (82.76% were females and 50 (17.24% were males. Out of those, 153 (52.75% were having a habit of eating outside the home at least once in a week. 80 (27.5% participants reported that they never play outdoor games, 18 (6.21% reported that they never do exercise. 21 (7.24% were having BMI and #8805;25, From this total 21 participants, 17 (5.86% were females and 4 (1.38% were males. Out of total 240 females, 20 were having Waist Hip Ratio (WHR >0.85, while no male is having WHR >1. Conclusion: Primary preventive measures for dietary change should be applied among future care providers. Life style change should also be advised to reduce the risk for life style disorders. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(3.000: 645-649

  6. A Study on Clean Behavior and Life Style among High School Students

    OpenAIRE

    高田, 直子; 服部, 洋兒; 金子, 恵一; 平野, 嘉彦; 村松, 園江; 村松, 常司

    2005-01-01

    We have conducted an investigation for clean behavior and daily life style among high school students. As research subjects, 621 high school students were randomly selected, and given a questionnaire containing life style patterns, reasons for cleaning body, hygiene-related knowledge and self-esteem. As a result, in factor analysis of clean behavior, five factors, common evasion, clean custom strict enforcement, body surface clean maintenance, oral hygiene consciousness and environmental clea...

  7. Obesity Epidemic: Genes, Sedentary Life Style or Over Nutrition to Blame?

    OpenAIRE

    Shirin Tarbiat; Cletus JM D‟souza

    2013-01-01

    The proximate cause of obesity is an imbalance in the energy input and energy expenditure. It was believed that the sedentary life style of Western Societies which resulted in grossly reduced energy expenditure was the main cause of the imbalance. Studies carried out in recent years have challenged this belief, and have shown that the energy expenditure even in a sedentary life style is not grossly reduced. Although obesity has a genetic basis, it cannot be attributed to a signal gene or even...

  8. Attachment Styles and Acculturation of Christian Asian Indians: Impact on Life Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isaac, Sherin K.

    2008-01-01

    Introduced by Jonathan Bowlby in the early 1960s, attachment theory seeks to explain an individual's depth of bonding with others throughout one's life. Attachment styles can affect family life, life interactions, career choices, friendships, relationships, marriage, and parenting (Turner, 2005). Attachment theory is composed of four different…

  9. Explanatory style and its functional relationship to job satisfaction for employed women age forty and over.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phelps, L H; Waskel, S A

    1994-06-01

    An assessment of the relationship between explanatory style and perceived general job satisfaction is presented for 135 employed women age 40 and over who were asked to complete the Attributional Style Questionnaire and the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire. Although a forced-order multiple regression analysis did not yield a significant correlation between explanatory style and perceived general job satisfaction, several interesting factors emerged. PMID:8058876

  10. The Effects of the Parenting Styles on Social Skills of Children Aged 5-6

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kol, Suat

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine the effects of the parenting styles on social skills of children aged 5-6. The problem sentence of the research is; Do the parenting styles' have any effects on social skills of children aged 5-6?. The sub-problems of the research are in the form as; Does the social skills of children aged 5-6 differs from…

  11. Air travel, life-style, energy use and environmental impact

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krueger Nielsen, S.

    2001-09-01

    The overall aim of this project is to investigate the linkages between energy use, life style and environmental impact. As a case of study, this report investigates the future possibilities for reducing the growth in greenhouse gas emissions from commercial civil air transport, that is passenger air travel and airfreight. The season for this choice of focus is that we found that commercial civil air transport may become a relatively large energy consumer and greenhouse gas emitter in the future. For example, according to different scenarios presented by Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC), commercial civil air transport's fuel burn may grow by between 0,8 percent a factor of 1,6 and 16 between 1990 and 2050 and 2050. The actual growth in fuel consumption will depend on the future growth in airborne passenger travel and freight and the improvement rate for the specific fuel efficiency. As a central mid-term estimate the IPCC foresees that the fuel consumption may grow by around 3 percent per year until 2015. This report looks into the possibilities for reducing the growth in air traffic, as well as the possibilities for reducing the specific fuel consumption, to achieve an environmentally sustainable development. For commercial civil air transport the main challenge seems to lie in the strong growth rates currently envisioned by the aeronautical industry for the next decades. Like it is the case with most other types of (fossil) energy intensive activities the bulk of air traffic is currently performed in and between industrialised countries. In an environmentally sustainable World countries should aim at distributing resources evenly between the World's citizens. Therefore, on the longer term, there are tremendous challenges to be overcome. Achieving environmentally sustainable commercial civil air transport will first of all require that people living in currently industrialised countries stop travelling ever more by air each year. As it is

  12. Work reinforcers and explanatory style for women aged 40 to 75 years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phelps, L H; Waskel, S A

    1994-07-01

    We examined the relationship between explanatory style and work reinforcers, that is, specific sources in the work environment that appear to promote job satisfaction. Our subjects were 135 employed women aged 40 to 75 years who were asked to complete the Attributional Style Questionnaire (Peterson et al., 1982) and the Minnesota Satisfaction Questionnaire (Weiss, Dawis, England, & Lofquist, 1967). Using Pearson's product-moment correlational analysis, weak but significant relationships were found between explanatory style and the work reinforcers of ability utilization, activity, and creativity. Individuals with a depressive explanatory style experienced less job satisfaction in areas related to these reinforcers. PMID:7932292

  13. Optimal life-style mix: an inductive approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Veenhoven

    2009-01-01

    There are three approaches to assessing life balance: (a) assessing how well the reality of a person’s life fits preconceptions of what a balanced life should be, (b) assessing how balanced people think their own life is, and (c) assessing which lifestyle mixes yield the most happiness. In theory, t

  14. Life style and risk of development of dental caries in a population of adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorota Krawczyk

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Oxygen is an essential element for sustaining the life of aerobes; however, in certain conditions it may be toxic for these organisms. This is due to so-called reactive oxygen species – ROS. Factors which cause the production of free radicals include ionizing radiation, UV radiation, high temperature, and hazardous substances, such as phenols, carbon monoxide, e.g. in smokers, also air pollution and drugs. Objective. The objective of the study was analysis of the total antioxidant status (TAS in stimulated and unstimulated saliva, according to the number of active carious lesions in generally healthy non-smokers aged 15–17. Materials and method. The study covered 113 adolescents aged 15–17 in whom the state of dentition was evaluated using the DMFT (Decayed-Missing-Filled index, and oral hygiene assessed based on the OHI-S (Oral Hygiene Index-Simplified index. TAS in saliva was determined by means of a Randox Labolatories Ltd. test kit, by the spectrophotometric method. Results. Based on the results of the study, it was found that in the population examined an increase in the number of carious lesions was accompanied by a significant decrease in the TAS, both in stimulated and unstimulated saliva. Conclusions. A health-promoting life style, maintenance of basic principles of oral hygiene and care of general health through the elimination of harmful habits decrease the risk of dental caries.

  15. Migrant mothers in unstable environments balancing healthy life styles and parenting responsiveness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ditlevsen, Kia

    the notion of a universal, adequate parenting style and practice. The paper will address the overall question of how migrant mothers deal with health related concerns for their children, while living in precarious conditions. The following themes will be explored in the presentation: “Appropriate parenting......Overweight is an increasing problem among children in the Western World. International research points to an overrepresentation among children in migrant families of non-western origin, and the importance of early interventions and focus on overweight toddlers. Key concepts are parenting style...... and -practice. This paper investigates the promotion of healthy life styles in migrant families, living in insecure or uncertain situations in Denmark. It will describe the logics, rationalities and difficulties of migrant mothers, who want to promote a healthy life style in their families, and will question...

  16. A study on family communication pattern and parenting styles with quality of life in adolescent

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objective: To investigate the relationship between parenting styles and family communication patterns with adolescent's quality of life. Methods: The cross-sectional study was carried out on 439 randomly selected adolescents in the city of Zahedan, Iran, from January to July 2011. The subjects were asked to complete the KIDSCREEN-52 health-related quality of life questionnaire, while their parents were asked to complete the Diana Brinder's Test to show their parenting styles. SPSS 15 was used to analyse data. Results: Most parents had authoritative parenting style (n=380; 86.6%). Pluralistic (n=170; 38.7%) and consensual (n=152; 34.6%) patterns were the most frequent styles of communication in families. Data suggested a significant relationship between parenting style and some dimensions of quality of life, including physical well-being, psychological well-being, social support and peers, and autonomy (p<0.05). There was also a significant relationship between family communication patterns and parent relation and home life (p<0.001) as well as autonomy (p<0.006). Conclusion: Families play a critical role in increasing adolescents, health-related quality-of-life. Effort should be made to address problems facing parents while raising their children. (author)

  17. Past Our Prime : A Study of Age & Play Style Development in Battlefield 3

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tekofsky, Shoshannah; Spronck, Pieter; Goudbeek, M.B.; Plaat, A.; van den Herik, H.J.

    2015-01-01

    In recent decades video games have come to appeal to people of all ages. The effect of age on how people play games is not fully understood. In this paper we delve into the question how age relates to an individual’s play style. ‘Play style’ is defined as any (set of) patterns in game actions perfor

  18. Food-related life styles in Australia: Testing of the MAPP food-related life style instrument in an Australian context

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reid, Mike; Grunert, Klaus G.; Li, Elton;

    As the global food marketing environment becomes more competitive, marketers will need to devise mechanisms for understanding and mapping changes in consumers' food-related attitudes and behaviours. Such knowledge is paramount in devising and adjusting marketing strategies, building superior mark......, and to compare Australian consumers with their international counterparts. The research represents the first stage in an on-going process of mapping movements in Australian consumer food-related life styles and linking these to global trends and changes....... based assets, and creating a stronger consumer focus. This research employs the Food-Related Life Styles (FRL) instrument developed by Grunert, Brunsø & Bisp, (1993) to determine the validity of the instrument in an Australian context, to build an a better understanding of Australian food consumers...

  19. Healthy Life Style Beheviours of The Nurses and The Determination of Affecting Factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehtap Curcani

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available AIM: This study was carried out descriptively with the aim of determining the variables affecting healthy life style behaviors of the nurses. METHOD: The study was carried on between the date’s may-June 2007 at Ataturk University Yakutiye Research Hospital on Suleyman Demirel Training and Research Hospitals. The research was carried out with 205 nurses. In the collection of the data survey form including personal behaviors of the nurses, and the Health Promotion Life-Style Profile prepared by researchers were used in the direction of literature. RESULTS: Total score of Health Promotion Life-Style Profile of the nurses participating in the research was 121.20±18.30, and sub-group scale scores; health responsibility is 20.88±3.76 and physical activities is 14.04±4.22, and nutritional habit is 19.57±3.80, and mental development is 25.36±4.47, and relations between persons is 24.04±4.07, and stress management is 17.09±3.59. There was statistically significant distinction between total score average and the situation of hawing children, and working duration and education level of the nurses (p<0.05. CONCLUSION: At the end of the result, it was determined that average of Health Promotion Life-Style Profile of the nurses was middle level and that the most common and most noticeable health life style behaviors of the nurses was mental development, and that the least applied health life style behaviors of the nurses was physical activities. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2010; 9(5.000: 487-492

  20. A Study on Prevalence of Life-Style Diseases and Its Risk Factors in Urban Area of Jamnagar City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kishor M Sochaliya, Dipesh V Parmar, Sudha B Yadav

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Chronic diseases of life-style particularly Hypertension, DM and CHD account for millions of deaths each year globally. These diseases share similar modifiable risk factors, including tobacco smoking, alcohol consumption, hyperlipidaemia, physical inactivity, obesity etc. so that identifying and modifying these risk factors have been recommended as a strategy for their prevention and control in various settings. Aim- To find out the prevalence of common life style diseases and their risk factors Method: A cross sectional study was done, which was containing 450 male respondents in the age group of 35-45 years from Patel colony in Jamnagar city. Predesigned and prestructured questionnaires covering socio-economic aspects, dietary pattern, smoking, alcohol intake, physical activity, personality and parental history of hypertension and diabetes were reviewed. In addition some anthropometric measurements (e.g., height, weight and BMI and clinical measurements (e.g., blood pressure were also done. Result: The overall prevalence rate for the common life-style diseases was observed to be 33.56% for hypertension, 10.44% for diabetes mellitus and 44.44% for overweight/obesity. The few major risk factors noted among participants were high fatty diet (99.11%, high salt intake (96.67% and Type A personality (71.33%. About 2/5th (38 % of them were current smokers and only 2% were consuming alcohol. 42.22% of the target population were physically inactive based on work and leisure time activities. While around 69.33% of the respondents were having a positive family history of hypertension and/or diabetes. Conclusion: The study demonstrated a high prevalence of life-style diseases and their risk factors. Serious consideration should be given to this escalating burden of lifestyle diseases in the study population. The development and implementation of relevant health promotion and intervention programmes that will improve the general health and

  1. Using the Internet for Life Style Changes in Diet and Physical Activity: A Feasibility Study

    OpenAIRE

    Anhøj, Jacob; Jensen, Anne Holm

    2004-01-01

    Background LinkMedica-Heart is a novel Internet based program intended to support people who seek to improve their life style by means of changes in diet and physical activity. The program is currently under evaluation in a clinical study and the present study is a feasibility test of the LinkMedica-Heart Internet based program. Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate LinkMedica-Heart, an Internet based program we designed for support and maintenance of patient-led life style changes....

  2. Food-related life style segments in Australia: What's the trend?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reid, Mike; Brunsø, Karen; Grunert, Klaus G.

    and adjusting marketing strategies, building superior market-based assets, and creating a stronger consumer focus for product development and communication purposes. This research employs the Food-Related LifeStyles (FRL) instrument developed by Grunert, Brunsø & Bisp (1997) to determine the validity...... of the instrument in an Australian context, to build a better understanding of Australian food consumers, and to compare Australian consumers with their international counterparts. The research represents an on-going process of mapping movements in Australian consumer food-related life styles and linking...

  3. Healthy life style and dependency prevention in school

    OpenAIRE

    PECHOUŠKOVÁ, Miroslava

    2008-01-01

    For my Bachelor work I chose the topic {\\clqq}The healthy way of life and the prevention of dependences ( addictions ) at schools``. In the theoretical part I try to identify opinions and knowledge about the healthy way of life and also the approaches to the prevention of dependences at nurseries. In the practical part I focus on preventive programmes for nurseries and with a help of an interrogatory method I try to comprehend the access of parents to the healthy way of life and the preventio...

  4. Conceptual framework on - establishing healthy life style centre in Chhattisgarh state, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamlesh Kumar Jain

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Lifestyle diseases characterized by those diseases whose occurrence is primarily based on the daily habits of people and are a result of an inappropriate relationship of people with their environment. The main factors contributing to lifestyle diseases include bad food habits, physical inactivity, wrong body posture, and disturbed biological clock. Lifestyle diseases are the most common causes of disability, morbidity and premature mortality. They account for 52% of deaths, 43% Disability Adjusted Life Years (DALYs and 62% of total disease burden in India. Life style disease can be prevented through focused and comprehensive public health intervention by establishment of Healthy Life Style Centre (HLSC. HLSC will be a comprehensive approach which will provide health services for Non-Communicable diseases under the one roof. The HLSC will offer consultation, learning, counselling and testing facilities regarding Diabetes and other Non-Communicable diseases (NCD. Life style diseases can be prevented through public health intervention by special task force and policy document related to life style disorders. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(2.000: 525-528

  5. Keep on cruising: Changes in lifestyle and driving style among male drivers between the age of 18 and 23

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Mette; Haustein, Sonja

    2013-01-01

    Despite recent improvements in general road safety levels, young male drivers in most western countries continue to be overrepresented in road traffic accidents. Lifestyle related motivational factors are a key element in the young male driver problem. Based on 379 posted questionnaires completed...... group still showed a similar life style at the age of 23. The study confirmed the importance of lifestyle related motivational factors for driving behaviour among young drivers. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.......Despite recent improvements in general road safety levels, young male drivers in most western countries continue to be overrepresented in road traffic accidents. Lifestyle related motivational factors are a key element in the young male driver problem. Based on 379 posted questionnaires completed...... by the same male drivers at the age of 18 and again at the age of 23, this study examined changes in the relationship between lifestyle and driving style over a 5 year period. A number of changes in car use, driving style and engagement in different leisure time activities were found. Cruising was...

  6. Attachment Style, Home-Leaving Age and Behavioral Problems among Residential Care Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shechory, Mally; Sommerfeld, Eliane

    2007-01-01

    In a prospective study, the attachment style, home-leaving age, length of time in residential care, and behavioral problems among Israeli residential care children (N=68), were studied. Data analyses showed that children removed from their homes at a later age suffered from higher levels of anxiety, depression and social problems compared to…

  7. An analysis of aged hypertension patients' knowledge of hypertension, life style and behavior and influencing factors%社区老年高血压患者高血压相关知识及行为方式分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏鹏程; 何振仿; 丁宏

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand aged hypertension patients' related knowledge of hypertension and behavioral patterns. Methods 15% selected patients were chosen as investigation object from people aged 60 and above with hypertension in Mingguang Road community and Qilitang community of Hefei. The investigation covers 171 patients with hypertension. Results More than 70% of the respondents knew that hypertension was associated with alcohol, high salt diet, inadequate physical activity, smoking, overweight or obesity; 31.7% of the respondents knew the diagnostic criteria for hypertension; 18.3% were aware that when blood pressure control was stable, it was necessary to continue the medication. Over 80% of respondents could adhere to continuing dietary fat reduction, insisted on taking antihypertensive drugs, and didn't drink or smoke; more than 70% of the respondents paid attention to controlling body weight and keeping stable emotion; the respondents who paid attention to doing moderate exercise and adhered to a low salt diet accounted for only 59.8% and 53% respectively, and respondents who could often communicate self-help activities and often perform self blood pressure measurement accounted for only 28.7% and 23.2% respectively. Conclusion The implementation of comprehensive prevention and control of hypertension health promotion in community can push forward elderly hypertensive patients' behavior toward the direction of blood pressure control.%目的 了解社区老龄高血压患者高血压相关知识及行为方式.方法选择合肥市明光路社区、七里塘社区,通过查阅社区卫生服务中心高血压患者资料获得社区60岁及以上老年高血压患者人数,随机抽取15%患者为调查对象.本次实际调查高血压患者171人.结果超过70%的被调查者知道高血压与酗酒、高盐饮食、身体活动不足、吸烟、超重或肥胖有关等病因学知识;31.7%的被调查者知道高血压诊断标准;18.3%知道血压控制

  8. Income Growth, Urbanization, Changing Life Style and Energy Requirements in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Yan; Shi Minjun

    2012-01-01

    This paper aims to estimate the effects of changing life style and consumption demands driven by income growth and urbanization on increase of energy requirements in China, and es- timate the impacts of improvement in household consumption on mitigating energy requirements towards 2020, based on input-out- put analysis and scenarios simulation approach. The result shows that energy requirement per capita has increased by 159% for urban residents and 147% for rural residents from 1995 to 2004. Growth in household consumption driven by income growth and urbanization may induce a successive increase in energy require- ments in future. Per capita energy requirements of urban residents will increase by 240% during 2002-2015 and 330% during 2002-2020. Urbanization might lead to 0.75 billion ton of increment of energy requirements in 2020. About 45%-48% of total energy requirements in China might be a consequence of residents' life styles and the economic activities to support consumption demands in 2020. Under low-carbon life style scenario, per capita energy requirements of urban residents may decline to 97% in 2015 and 92% in 2020 in contrast with baseline scenario. That implies that China needs to pay a great attention to developing green low- carbon life style in order to realize mitigation target towards 2020.

  9. Interrelation between Obesity, Oral Health, and Life-Style Factors among Turkish School Children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cinar, Ayse Basak; Murtomaa, Heikki

    2011-01-01

    Obesity, dental caries, and periodontal diseases are among major public health concerns which may affect children's growth and development. This study seeks any clustering between obesity, oral health, and life-style factors among school children in Istanbul, Turkey. A cross-sectional study...

  10. The Relationship between Physical Activity Level and Healthy Life-Style Behaviors of Distance Education Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Özkan, Ali

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to determine the relationship between physical activity levels and healthy life-style behaviors in distance education students in Hoca Ahmet Yesevi University. In total, 526 distance education students in Hoca Ahmet Yesevi University participated in this study voluntarily. The short form of International Physical…

  11. Health life-styles, health concern and social position in Germany and the Netherlands.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stevens, F.C.J.; Diederiks, J.P.M.; Loschen, G.; Zee, J. van der

    1995-01-01

    Based on a telephone survey of 1352 adults in Germany and The Netherlands 3 health life-style dimensions were distinguished and labelled as: i) sobriety (not smoking, healthy food habits and abstinence from alcohol), ii) activity (participation in sports and exercise and low body mass index) and iii

  12. Adaptive and Maladaptive Perfectionism as Mediators of Adult Attachment Styles and Depression, Hopelessness, and Life Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gnilka, Philip B.; Ashby, Jeffrey S.; Noble, Christina M.

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the relationships between adaptive and maladaptive perfectionism, anxious and avoidant adult attachment styles, depression, hopelessness, and life satisfaction among a sample of 180 undergraduate students. Maladaptive perfectionism mediated the relationship between both forms of adult attachment and depression, hopelessness,…

  13. The Role of Life Satisfaction and Parenting Styles in Predicting Delinquent Behaviors among High School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onder, Fulya Cenkseven; Yilmaz, Yasin

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to determine whether the parenting styles and life satisfaction predict delinquent behaviors frequently or not. Firstly the data were collected from 471 girls and 410 boys, a total of 881 high school students. Then the research was carried out with 502 students showing low (n = 262, 52.2%) and high level of delinquent…

  14. The relative effects of age and learning style mismatch on adult students' academic achievement and perception of instructors

    OpenAIRE

    Garrett, Clayton W.

    1996-01-01

    This study investigated the relationship between students' age, achievement, evaluation of the instructors and the match-mismatch of students' and instructors' learning styles. Seventeen (17) business instructors and 302 business students comprised the population. The students were selected as an intact group enrolled in the participating faculty members' class. The relationship between age and learning style mismatch and evaluation and age and learning style mismatch an...

  15. [Parenting style in Spanish parents with children aged 6 to 14].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alonso-Geta, Petra María

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this paper was to establish which parenting style of Spanish families is associated with optimum children's outcomes. A random Spanish sample of 1,103 parents of children and teenagers from 6 to 14 years of age, of whom 47% were females, reported on their child-rearing practices. Families were classified into 1 of 4 groups (authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent, or neglectful) based on the parents' answers. Socialization outcomes were 6 indicators of interpersonal relationship quality, 9 indicators of psychological adjustment, 7 indicators of personal competence, and 12 indicators of behavior problems. Results showed that indulgent and authoritative parenting styles were associated with better outcomes than authoritarian and neglectful parenting. Overall, our results supported the idea that, in Spain, the optimum parenting style is the indulgent one, as scores in the four sets of socialization outcomes among children and teenagers from indulgent families were always equal to, or even better than, the authoritative parenting style.

  16. [Parenting style in Spanish parents with children aged 6 to 14].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alonso-Geta, Petra María

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this paper was to establish which parenting style of Spanish families is associated with optimum children's outcomes. A random Spanish sample of 1,103 parents of children and teenagers from 6 to 14 years of age, of whom 47% were females, reported on their child-rearing practices. Families were classified into 1 of 4 groups (authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent, or neglectful) based on the parents' answers. Socialization outcomes were 6 indicators of interpersonal relationship quality, 9 indicators of psychological adjustment, 7 indicators of personal competence, and 12 indicators of behavior problems. Results showed that indulgent and authoritative parenting styles were associated with better outcomes than authoritarian and neglectful parenting. Overall, our results supported the idea that, in Spain, the optimum parenting style is the indulgent one, as scores in the four sets of socialization outcomes among children and teenagers from indulgent families were always equal to, or even better than, the authoritative parenting style. PMID:22748726

  17. Research on Artifact Characteristics and Life Style of Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIN Jian-fang; LU Jia

    2006-01-01

    As a part of the behavior function extension and the humanities characteristic, product is an entity performance that integrates the technique and culture. In the article, the inherent relation between technique and culture of products is analyzed to reveal the cultural mode of product development from the view of human society development in industry design. These will not only contribute to analyze the relation between notional technique characteristics and humanity, but also help to study the products developed under the inter-relation between life and environment.

  18. Aging, life trajectories and female homosexuality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Moraes Alves

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The social science's literature about female homosexuality has recently grown in Brazil, showing the awakened interest in this issue. Since the 1990's, academic works have discussed female homosexuality: its meanings and its impact on gender issues, its relationships with social movements, specially the ones concerned with sexual rights in Brazil. Great part of these works focus on a young age rate, and some of them are dedicated to middle age women. However, there aren't works concerned with old age women and lesbianity. This article starts to fill this gap and takes into account old age lesbians and their perceptions about homosexuality and its place in their life trajectories.

  19. The Association of Life Style with Hypertension in Korean Women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wi-Young So

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available "nBackground: This study examined the relationship between lifestyle factors and hypertension in Korean women."nMethods: The subjects were 8,836 women, aged 20 to 81 yr, who visited a health promotion center for a medical check up during 2004-2008. The diagnosis of hypertension was defined in the Joint National Committee on Prevention, Detection, Evaluation, and Treatment of High Blood Pressure (JNC7 report. Statistical significance was set at α<0.05 and SPSS ver. 12.0 software (SPSS, Chicago, IL, USA was used."nResults: The prevalence of hypertension was 12.8% in this study population. Multivariate logistic regression demonstrated that the odds ratio (95% CI of hypertension across age groups were 3.43 (1.68-7.02 for forties, 7.13 (3.48-14.60 for fifties, 12.97 (6.27-26.81 for sixties, and 24.28 (11.09-53.14 for over seventies compared to the twenties. In addition, compared with the normal weight group, the odds ratio (95% CI of hypertension in the over-weight and obese groups were 2.41 (2.00-2.89 and 3.50 (2.95-4.16, respectively. The odds ratio (95% CI of hypertension in those who consumed more than 3 drinks per week was 1.88 (1.29-2.76, P=0.001 compared with non-drinking group."nConclusion: The significant risk factors of hypertension were age, BMI, and alcohol drinking among Korean women and that smoking, exercise, and diet were not related to the risk of hypertension.

  20. Endothelium and Its Alterations in Cardiovascular Diseases: Life Style Intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaia Favero

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The endothelium, which forms the inner cellular lining of blood vessels and lymphatics, is a highly metabolically active organ that is involved in many physiopathological processes, including the control of vasomotor tone, barrier function, leukocyte adhesion, and trafficking and inflammation. In this review, we summarized and described the following: (i endothelial cell function in physiological conditions and (ii endothelial cell activation and dysfunction in the main cardiovascular diseases (such as atherosclerosis, and hypertension and to diabetes, cigarette smoking, and aging physiological process. Finally, we presented the currently available evidence that supports the beneficial effects of physical activity and various dietary compounds on endothelial functions.

  1. Influence of employees' attachment styles on their life satisfaction as mediated by job satisfaction and burnout.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reizer, Abira

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study was to obtain better insight into the associations between attachment styles and employees' life satisfaction. This was achieved by examining the mediating roles of burnout and job satisfaction. Three hundred and thirty-nine employees, from a convenience community sample, participated in the current study. Results of the mediation model indicated that the associations between avoidance and life satisfaction were mediated by burnout and job satisfaction. However, the associations between attachment anxiety and life satisfaction were mediated by burnout but not by job satisfaction. Theoretical and practical implications for organizations and for attachment theory at work are discussed.

  2. Overt and Relational Aggression in Russian Nursery-School-Age Children: Parenting Style and Marital Linkages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hart, Craig H.; Nelson, David A.; Robinson, Clyde C.; Olsen, Susanne Frost; McNeilly-Choque, Mary Kay

    1998-01-01

    Maternal and paternal parenting styles and marital interactions linked to childhood aggressive behavior in Western psychological literature were measured in 207 ethnic Russian families of nursery-school-age children. Results corroborated and extended findings from Western samples. Greater marital conflict (for boys only), greater maternal…

  3. Eating habits and other risk factors: are the future health care service providers really at risk for life style disorders!

    OpenAIRE

    Shreyash Jayantilal Gandhi; Krunal Girishkumar Varia; Mitesh Dabhi; Mahesh Choudary

    2015-01-01

    Background: Adolescence period is crucial position in the life, characterized by rapid rate of growth. It is a need to study risk factors among this group so applicability of primary prevention can be planned. It is essential to know that whether future care providers are having any risk of acquiring life style disorders as they will be the future role models of society. Objectives: To study the dietary and other risk factors for acquiring life style related disorders and to correlate various...

  4. Life style and home environment are associated with racial disparities of asthma and allergy in Northeast Texas children

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sun, Yuexia, E-mail: ysun@engr.psu.edu [Texas Institute of Allergy, Indoor Environment and Energy (TxAIRE), University of Texas at Tyler, 3900 University Blvd, Tyler, Tx 75799 (United States); Architecture Engineering Department, Pennsylvania State University, 104 Engineering Unit A, State College, PA 16802 (United States); Sundell, Jan, E-mail: ja.sundell@gmail.com [Dept of Building Science, Tsinghua University, Haidian District, Beijing City 100084 (China); The Faculty of Urban Construction and Environmental Engineering, Chongqing University, Shapingba District, Chongqing City 400030 (China)

    2011-09-15

    A high prevalence and racial disparities in asthma and allergy have been observed in American children. This study aimed to identify risk factors for asthma and allergy among children, and their contribution to racial disparities in allergy prevalence. A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out among children aged 1-8 years in Northeast Texas 2008-2009. The health conditions, life style and home environment of 3766 children were surveyed by parental questionnaires through e.g. daycares, elementary school, and medical clinics. Among participants who indicated their ethnicity, 255 were Mexican-Americans, 178 Afro-Americans and 969 Caucasians. Afro-American children had a significantly higher prevalence of asthma and eczema. Caucasian had the highest prevalence of rhinitis. Compared to Mexican-American children, Afro-American and Caucasian children were breast fed shorter time, more often went to day care center, had pets and environmental tobacco smoke exposure at home more often. For all children, being at a day care center, being exposed to dampness and environmental tobacco smoke at home were strong risk factors for asthma and allergy. Central air conditioning system was associated with an increased prevalence of wheeze among Mexican-American children, while pets were associated with an increased risk of rhinitis among Afro-American and Caucasian children. Caucasian children were generally not healthier than relatively poor Mexican-American children. Differences in the prevalence of asthma and allergy between races cannot be explained by socioeconomic status only. Life style and home environmental exposures are important risk factors for asthma and allergy in Northeast Texas children. - Highlights: {yields} This is a general population cross-sectional study in Northeast Texas. {yields} Racial disparity of allergy cannot be explained by socioeconomic status only. {yields} Life style and home environment caused racial disparity of allergy in children

  5. Life style and home environment are associated with racial disparities of asthma and allergy in Northeast Texas children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A high prevalence and racial disparities in asthma and allergy have been observed in American children. This study aimed to identify risk factors for asthma and allergy among children, and their contribution to racial disparities in allergy prevalence. A population-based cross-sectional study was carried out among children aged 1-8 years in Northeast Texas 2008-2009. The health conditions, life style and home environment of 3766 children were surveyed by parental questionnaires through e.g. daycares, elementary school, and medical clinics. Among participants who indicated their ethnicity, 255 were Mexican-Americans, 178 Afro-Americans and 969 Caucasians. Afro-American children had a significantly higher prevalence of asthma and eczema. Caucasian had the highest prevalence of rhinitis. Compared to Mexican-American children, Afro-American and Caucasian children were breast fed shorter time, more often went to day care center, had pets and environmental tobacco smoke exposure at home more often. For all children, being at a day care center, being exposed to dampness and environmental tobacco smoke at home were strong risk factors for asthma and allergy. Central air conditioning system was associated with an increased prevalence of wheeze among Mexican-American children, while pets were associated with an increased risk of rhinitis among Afro-American and Caucasian children. Caucasian children were generally not healthier than relatively poor Mexican-American children. Differences in the prevalence of asthma and allergy between races cannot be explained by socioeconomic status only. Life style and home environmental exposures are important risk factors for asthma and allergy in Northeast Texas children. - Highlights: → This is a general population cross-sectional study in Northeast Texas. → Racial disparity of allergy cannot be explained by socioeconomic status only. → Life style and home environment caused racial disparity of allergy in children. → Daycare

  6. Friend Recommendation on Social Network Site Based on their Life Style

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramya R

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Social network sites attracted millions of users. In the social network sites, a user can register other users as friends and enjoy communication. Existing social networking sites recommend friends to users based on their social graphs, which may not be appropriate. In proposed system friends recommends to users based on their life styles instead of social graphs. It done by means of sensor rich smart- phone serve as the ideal platform for sensing daily routines from which people’s life styles could be discovered. Unsupervised learning method is used. Achieve an efficient activity Recognition and reduce the false positive of Friend Recommendation. Friendbook integrates a feedback mechanism. Finally the results show that the recommendations accurately reflect the preferences of users in choosing friends.

  7. A Conflict of Life Styles Embodied in Family Relations:A Psychological Study of Mother

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    华翔

    2013-01-01

    Mother in Sherwood Anderson’s Winesburg, Ohio is a typical story reveals Anderson’s dissatisfaction with the change of life style in his time. In this story he has created a father who dares not to face reality directly but only cherishes some illusion of wealth and political power. The mother is totally against the life style in vogue, but her resistance meets constant failure be-cause of the great power of it. In the following, the psychological state of the couple will be studied with an eye on there relation and their respective relation with the son, hoping this will give more insight to the understanding of Anderson ’s artistic product.

  8. Environmental and Life Style Factors in Relation to Male Reproductive Disorders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krysiak-Baltyn, Konrad

    on studies of environmental chemicals and their possible impact on reproductive health. In the third part, I discuss network biology as a powerful tool for the study of gene-gene and chemical-gene interactions. In the fourth part, I discuss association mining of clinical data as a means to find interesting...... and unexpected associations between life style factors and disease. The thesis ends with concluding remarks....

  9. New Life Styles, New Barriers to Break Down : Rainbow Family Tourism, Service Description and Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Algueró Durany, Mariona

    2012-01-01

    This thesis titled 'New life styles, new barriers to break down. Rainbow family tourism; service description and analysis', was written to offer the opportunity to get to know one of the latest services in the tourism industry, the rainbow family tourism or lesbian, gay, transgender and bisexual family tourism (LGTB family tourism). As the title says, the service has been described in detail, starting from basic concepts like tourism and family and continuing with the predecessor the LGTB tou...

  10. Life Style And Nutritional Status of Food service Personnel In Selected Hotels

    OpenAIRE

    V.Subasshini; Ramya

    2014-01-01

    The hospitality is the only industry which serve essential food and shelter and make the customers to feel at home. Thereby we take our food in outside restaurants. Hence personnel working in the hotel industry who serve food should be nutritionally fit and active, then only they can provide good food to the customers. A survey was conducted regarding the life style and nutritional status of the food service personnel in selected hotels from Trichirapalli district. Hundred samples of male per...

  11. Food-related life style: Development of a cross-culturally valid instrument for market surveillance

    OpenAIRE

    Klaus G. Grunert; Brunsø, Karen; Bisp, Søren

    1993-01-01

    Executive summary: 1. Surveying end users is a major component of market surveillance in the food industry. End users' value perception is the final determinant of how all other actors in the food chain can make a living. To perceive trends that affect how consumers value food products is therefore an important input to a food producer's strategy formation. 2. Life style measurement has been widely used in marketing, namely for guiding advertising strategy, segmentation, and product d...

  12. A STUDY ON PREVALENCE OF DM, HYPERTENSION AND ASSOCIATION WITH LIFE STYLE AS RISK FACTORS IN A RURAL POPULATION DISTRICT GHAZIABAD (U. P.)

    OpenAIRE

    Narendra; Dixit

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Estimation of rising prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus, Hypertension, Obesity etc & association with various risk factors is having bearing on effective preventive programmes. Cross sectional study was conducted in rural population in a health centre to assess prevalence of DM, Hypertension, and association with their life style if any. METHODS: Pretested proforma administered to all males 35 -50 yrs age coming to a health Centre. Information on diets...

  13. The relationship between perceived parenting style, filial piety, and life satisfaction in Hong Kong.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Wei-Wen

    2014-06-01

    This study examined the relationship between perceived parenting style, filial piety, and life satisfaction among Chinese young adults. A survey was administered to 395 university students in Hong Kong on their perceptions about their parents' parenting practices, filial piety beliefs, and life satisfaction. The results suggest that perceived authoritative parenting is associated with reciprocal filial piety and contributes positively to the young adults' life satisfaction. Both perceived authoritative and authoritarian parenting were associated with authoritarian filial piety, but authoritarian filial piety was not associated with young adults' life satisfaction. Due to the familial interdependence emphasized in the Chinese cultural context, Chinese adolescents' filial beliefs are related to the parenting they have experienced, and these beliefs may be associated with their psychosocial outcomes. PMID:24821523

  14. The relationship between perceived parenting style, filial piety, and life satisfaction in Hong Kong.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Wei-Wen

    2014-06-01

    This study examined the relationship between perceived parenting style, filial piety, and life satisfaction among Chinese young adults. A survey was administered to 395 university students in Hong Kong on their perceptions about their parents' parenting practices, filial piety beliefs, and life satisfaction. The results suggest that perceived authoritative parenting is associated with reciprocal filial piety and contributes positively to the young adults' life satisfaction. Both perceived authoritative and authoritarian parenting were associated with authoritarian filial piety, but authoritarian filial piety was not associated with young adults' life satisfaction. Due to the familial interdependence emphasized in the Chinese cultural context, Chinese adolescents' filial beliefs are related to the parenting they have experienced, and these beliefs may be associated with their psychosocial outcomes.

  15. Childhood Obesity, Overweight, Socio-Demographic and Life Style Determinants among Preschool Children in Babol, Northern Iran.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karimollah Hajian-Tilaki

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Childhood obesity and overweight are a general public health concern in a transition society. Thus, the objective of the study was to determine the prevalence of overweight, obesity and their correlates with socio-demographic and life style related factors.This cross-sectional study was conducted on 760 representative samples of preschool children aged 2 to 5 years in urban area of Babol, northern Iran. The weight and height were measured with standard method and the socio-demographic and life style data were collected by interviewing their parents. The diagnosis of overweight and obesity was based on CDC criteria.The prevalence rate of overweight and obesity were 11.8%, 15% respectively. There was no significant difference observed between sexes. The odds of overweight/obesity was elevated more than double in age 4-5 years compared with 2-3 years(OR=2.53, 95%CI:1.71-3.73. By parental education at university level, the odds ratio significant decreased compared with primary level (OR=0.34, 95%CI: 0.31-0.90 and OR=0.49, 95%CI: 0.34-0.98 for mothers and fathers respectively. Parental obesity is positively associated with overweight/obesity risk OR=2.67(95%CI: 1.75, 4.07 and 1.61(95% CI: 1.04-2.150 for mothers and fathers respectively. While spending ≥2 hours per day for Tv watching and ≥1 hours for playing with computer games tended to elevate the risk but not significant.The findings indicate that overweight and obesity are high in preschool children in Babol. Increasing child age, parental obesity, spending more times on TV and playing with computer games are positively associated with overweight/obesity while parental education at university level is inversely associated.

  16. Self-esteem, coping styles, and quality of life in polish adolescents and young adults with unilateral cleft lip and palate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pisula, Ewa; Lukowska, Ewa; Fudalej, Piotr S

    2014-05-01

    Objectives : To evaluate self-esteem, coping styles, and health-related quality of life and their relationships in Polish adolescents and young adults with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate and related sex differences. Design and Participants : Self-report questionnaires measuring self-esteem (Multidimensional Self-Esteem Inventory), coping styles (Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations), and health-related quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF) were completed by 48 participants with cleft lip and palate (age, 16 to 23 years; 31 males, 17 females) and 48 controls without cleft lip and palate (age, 16 to 23 years; 28 males, 20 females) matched for age, place of residence, and socioeconomic status. Results : Regarding self-esteem, individuals with cleft lip and palate scored higher on body functioning (P self-enhancement (P Self-control showed an interaction effect: Females with cleft lip and palate scored higher than controls, but males did not differ between groups (P self-esteem and coping styles, and quality of life (P self-enhancement of individuals with cleft lip and palate suggest the need for instruments measuring social approval in psychosocial adjustment research involving this group. PMID:23902271

  17. Self-esteem, coping styles, and quality of life in polish adolescents and young adults with unilateral cleft lip and palate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pisula, Ewa; Lukowska, Ewa; Fudalej, Piotr S

    2014-05-01

    Objectives : To evaluate self-esteem, coping styles, and health-related quality of life and their relationships in Polish adolescents and young adults with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate and related sex differences. Design and Participants : Self-report questionnaires measuring self-esteem (Multidimensional Self-Esteem Inventory), coping styles (Coping Inventory for Stressful Situations), and health-related quality of life (WHOQOL-BREF) were completed by 48 participants with cleft lip and palate (age, 16 to 23 years; 31 males, 17 females) and 48 controls without cleft lip and palate (age, 16 to 23 years; 28 males, 20 females) matched for age, place of residence, and socioeconomic status. Results : Regarding self-esteem, individuals with cleft lip and palate scored higher on body functioning (P self-enhancement (P Self-control showed an interaction effect: Females with cleft lip and palate scored higher than controls, but males did not differ between groups (P self-esteem and coping styles, and quality of life (P adolescents and young adults with and without cleft lip and palate differed little in terms of psychological adjustment measures. The higher scores in defensive self-enhancement of individuals with cleft lip and palate suggest the need for instruments measuring social approval in psychosocial adjustment research involving this group.

  18. Life-style themes of unwed pregnant adolescents who chose to keep their babies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jorgensen, J A; Newlon, B J

    1988-12-01

    The authors point out that the largest increase in birthrate is accounted for by girls under age 15; the rise in teenage baby keeping is also a major source of alarm in America. The subjects interviewed for this study were currently enrolled in a Teenage Parent Program for girls aged 14-18 in a large southwestern city. All participants in the study were Anglos from middle to lower-middle income families. Participants included 2 15-year-olds, 2 16-year-olds, 3 17-year-olds, and 3 18-year-olds. All were unwed and kept their babies after birth. Each subject participated in a tape-recorded interview which lasted from 30 minutes to 1 hour and included early recollections and birth order information. Transcripts were analyzed and interpreted by 3 expert Adlerian therapists. Examination of these transcripts revealed themes common to the group as a whole. These themes centered around the desire for a close, idealized relationship with someone, the goal of excitement, and the expectation of being confused, unknowing, or afraid. The group also demonstrated a lack of themes centering on their own anger or victimization. They did, however, perceive themselves as being isolated from their parents. Those subjects who shared the same birth order position tended to have specific traits in common. The youngest in terms of birth order tended to use their confusion to keep others involved with them. The only and 1st borough tended to use their confusion and fear to deflect the burden of responsibility which was a strong component of their life-style. Lack of self-esteem was 1 commonly held characteristic. If society wishes to change the current increase in teenage pregnancies, a greater understanding of the importance of belonging and self-worth is needed by the significant adults in young people's lives. Increased understanding could lead to changes within the family and the educational institution. Self-esteem in young people would be encouraged and a sense of belonging developed

  19. Life-style and drug involvement among youths in an inner city junior high school.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dembo, R; Schmeidler, J; Burgos, W

    1980-02-01

    Data gathered in a winter 1976 survey of youths attending a New York City junior high school were analyzed to learn how features of their life-styles related to their involvement with drugs. The results indicate that the youths' substance use is an environmentally related phenomenon. The factors of peer-held esteem of drug using, gang involved persons, friends' use of alcohol and marijuana, and participation in spare-time activities of a drug/street culture nature were found to provide important insights into the youths' drug taking.

  20. Life Style Education and Counseling Improved Quality of Life and Renal Function in Patients with Chronic Kidney Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asuman Ugurlu Yildiz

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available AIM The purpose of this study was to describe of life-style modifiying education and counseling to examine their effect on renal function and quality of life. METHODS Eighty four patients with Chronic Kidney Disease (CKD were enrolled in the study. Quality of life (QoL was measured by means of Short Form-36 (SF-36 and subscale scores were calculated prior to the education and counseling . The education and counseling program focuses on behaviour style including excersize and diet issues and also cessation of smoking and alcohol consumption. These programs has been conducted by a nurse twice a week, throughout eight weeks. After this program, the patients have been evaluated by means of SF-36 and a questionary for CKD patients. Data were analysed by SPSS pocket program. RESULTS All dimensions of QoL of patients were signicicantly better after the education and counseling, as compared with that of prior to the intervention. The mean of exercize duration and percent of patients who adjusted diet programme were increased and serum albumin means were increased, serum urea and serum creatinine means were decreased after the education and counseling compared with that of prior to the education and counseling. Systolic tension arteriel means were lower after the education and counseling compared with that of prior to the education and counseling. However, the number of cigarette in a day, the glass of alcohol in a week and the diastolic tension arteriel means were not different after the education and counseling compared with that of prior to the intervention. CONCLUSION The patients with chronic kidney disease positevely improved their health-related quality of life and some renal functions after the education and counseling. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2012; 11(6.000: 667-672

  1. The Relationship Between Coaches`Leadership Styles With The Athletes` Sex and Age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S.H. Mousavi

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine the relationship between Coaches` leadership styles with the sporting field, sex and age of the athletes in Zanjan-Iran. The study was carried out in basketball , football , athletics and kung fu in-season training. The study is applied and descriptive - correlational. The Statistical population were athletes in sports clubs including basketball, soccer, track and field, and Kung Fu in Zanjan. The Sample was chosen through stratified sampling with optimal assignment with 200 people (50 per field.Our measuring tool was leadership scale (RLSS, presented by Zhang, Jensen, and Mann (1997. Of course, Validity and reliability of the instrument were approved by experts. The data were analyzed using SPSS and descriptive data analysis of the mean, frequency, percentage deviation ,one way ANOVA and Pearson correlation. The research findings indicate a significant difference between the average of the coaches` leadership roles in various sports. Also, there was a negative relationship between players` age and coaches` leadership styles. However,there was no significant relationship between the athletes`sporting background and coaches` leadership styles.

  2. Relationships between different marital satisfaction of women with childbearing age and sexual life's satisfaction, personality characteristics, coping style and social support%不同婚姻满意度育龄妇女性生活满意度个性特征、应对方式、社会支持比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王厚亮; 曾秀珍; 温盛霖; 钟智勇

    2010-01-01

    目的 探讨育龄妇女的不同婚姻满意度与性生活满意度、个性特征、应对方式、社会支持之间的关系.方法 采用分层整群抽样方法,使用Olson婚姻满意度问卷、Olson性生活满意度问卷、成人艾森克个性问卷、简易应对方式问卷、社会支持评定量表等工具,随机调查已婚育龄妇女,共计351例完整资料.按婚姻满意度平均分分2组,即婚姻满意度较高组(A组,n=170)、较低组(B组,n=181).对2组有关指标分析.结果 (1)A组在性生活满意度、L标准分、社会支持总分、客观支持分、主观支持分、对支持的利用度6个方面的评分高于B组;而在P标准分、N标准分2个方面的评分上,A组低于B组.2组在以上8个方面的评分差异在统计学上有显著性(P<0.05).(2)整个样本以婚姻满意度为因变量,性生活满意度、个性等为自变量逐步回归分析示:性生活满意度(标准化回归系数0.487)、客观支持分(标准化回归系数0.158)进入回归方程(回归系数显著性水平0.000,复相关系数R为0.290).结论 不同婚姻满意度的育龄妇女在性生活满意度、个性特征及社会支持方面有显著差异,婚姻满意度较高的育龄妇女性生活满意度较高、较低的精神质、神经质特征及较高的社会成熟度、较多的社会支持.%Objective To explore the relationships between different marital satisfaction of women with childbearing age and sexual life satisfaction, personality characteristics, coping style and social support. Method-s Three hundred and fifty-one complete cases were randomly obtained by means of ENRICH's marital satisfaction and sexual life satisfaction,EPQ,and etc,and further divided into high marital satisfaction(group A, n=170) and low marital satisfaction(group B, n=181) according to the mean score of the whole sample's macital satisfaction.Then comparisons were carried out between the two groups. Results (1)The means of sexual life

  3. The influence of psychosocial factors at work and life style on health and work ability among professional workers.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T.I.J. van den Berg (Tilja); S.M. Alavinia (Seyed Mahammad); F.J. Bredt (Folef); D. Lindeboom; L.A.M. Elders (Leo); A. Burdorf (Alex)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractOBJECTIVES: The purpose of this article is to explore the associations of psychosocial factors at work, life style, and stressful life events on health and work ability among white-collar workers. METHODS: A cross-sectional survey was conducted among workers in commercial services (n = 1

  4. Unlabelled advertorials in Slovenian life-style press: a study of the promotion of health products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kovacic, Melita Poler; Erjavec, Karmen; Stular, Katarina

    2011-01-01

    The paper analyses unlabelled advertorials about health products in four life-style magazines and three daily newspapers' life-style supplements in Slovenia. Based on 250 hours of observing the production practice, 20 in-depth interviews with the main participants and a textual analysis of 247 advertorials, supported by three detailed case studies, the process of unlabelled advertorial production was unveiled, reasons for their production explained and their discursive elements of promotion uncovered. Despite their typical news-like appearance, advertorials focus on a product's positive characteristics only and represent an oversimplified viewpoint on health, primarily oriented towards the interest of the pharmaceutical industry. In advertorials, readers are instructed in healthy living and caring about their health through buying the promoted product. No particular differences were found between the magazines and quality dailies' supplements, indicating that the advertorial practice has become a common part of the Slovenian press media scene. The outburst of advertorials in Slovenia is outstanding due to the lack of historical democracy, problems with the supervision of legal transgressions, the small media and advertising market, economic downturns and the financial weakness of the media. PMID:23264980

  5. Business Solutions Case Study: Marketing Zero Energy Homes: LifeStyle Homes, Melbourne, Florida

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2015-06-01

    Building America research has shown that high-performance homes can potentially give builders an edge in the marketplace and can boost sales. But it doesn't happen automatically. It requires a tailored, easy to understand marketing campaign and sometimes a little flair. This case study highlights LifeStyle Homes’ successful marketing approach for their SunSmart home package, which has helped to boost sales for the company. SunSmart marketing includes a modified logo, weekly blog, social media, traditional advertising, website, and sales staff training. Marketing focuses on quality, durability, healthy indoor air, and energy efficiency with an emphasis on the surety of third-party verification and the scientific approach to developing the SunSmart package. With the introduction of SunSmart, LifeStyle began an early recovery, nearly doubling sales in 2010; SunSmart sales now exceed 300 homes, including more than 20 zero energy homes. Completed homes in 2014 far outpaced the national (19%) and southern census region (27%) recovery rates for the same period. As technology improves and evolves, this builder will continue to collaborate with Building America.

  6. Life Style And Nutritional Status of Food service Personnel In Selected Hotels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.Subasshini

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The hospitality is the only industry which serve essential food and shelter and make the customers to feel at home. Thereby we take our food in outside restaurants. Hence personnel working in the hotel industry who serve food should be nutritionally fit and active, then only they can provide good food to the customers. A survey was conducted regarding the life style and nutritional status of the food service personnel in selected hotels from Trichirapalli district. Hundred samples of male personnel were selected in purposive random sampling method from production, service and dishwashing areas because these are the main areas were the hygienic practices should be followed strictly. An interview schedule was framed with questions regarding life style pattern, Dietary intake personal hygiene and their nutritional status is analysed by Selected Antropometric measurements, Biochemical assessment and by Dietary survey method. The results showed that Majority of the food service personnel were not following healthy lifestyle and they have lot of stress due to long working hours and they have improper meal timings and their nutritional status were not satisfactory.

  7. Obesity Epidemic: Genes, Sedentary Life Style or Over Nutrition to Blame?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shirin Tarbiat

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The proximate cause of obesity is an imbalance in the energy input and energy expenditure. It was believed that the sedentary life style of Western Societies which resulted in grossly reduced energy expenditure was the main cause of the imbalance. Studies carried out in recent years have challenged this belief, and have shown that the energy expenditure even in a sedentary life style is not grossly reduced. Although obesity has a genetic basis, it cannot be attributed to a signal gene or even to a few genes. Even though fat storage has an advantage in the animal kingdom, it appears to pose a greater risk for many metabolic diseases in humans. Epigenetic effects particularly fetal and infant nutrition also play a significant role in adult obesity. Over nutrition appears to be the major cause for the current epidemic of obesity. Fast food and soft drinks, coupled with aggressive marketing by food marketers have contributed to over eating. Consequently the energy balance is tilted in favor of excess energy storage.

  8. Segmenting Notebook PC market based on life style (The case of Ferdowsi University students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mostafa Kazemi

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This study is aimed to segment the Notebook PC market using VALS life style and to find out the differences between these segments. Vals specifically defines the consumer segments based on personality traits influencing the market behaviors.According to Vals, consumers are divided to eight categories not only based on psychological variables, but also income, education level, buying demands, and some other factors.Life style and values are determinant factors of consumer's decision-making. This study seeks to identify different segments of Notebook PC market and specify the requirements of each segment.To do this, we designed a written questionnaire, distributed 400 questionnaires between the students of Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, and collected 308 ones. The final response rate after eliminating five non-eligible questionnaires was 77%. For data analyzingand answering the research questions, descriptive and inferential statistics were used. The results indicated that each market segment requires different features and requirements as for its psychological attributes. At the end, research limitations were enumeratedand some suggestions for future studies were made.

  9. Smoking, consumption of alcohol and sedentary life style in population grouping and their relationships with lipemic disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salas Martins Ignez

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available The study, part of the project "Atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases, lipemic disorders, hypertension, obesity and diabetis mellitus in a population of the metropolitan area of the southeastern region of Brazil", had the following objectives: a the characterization and distribution among typical human socio-economic groupings, of the prevalence of some particular habits which constitute aspects of life-style-the use of tobacco, the use of alcohol and sedentary activity; b the establishment of the interrelation between the above-mentioned habits and some lipemic disorders. The prevalence of the habits cited behaved in the following manner: the use of tobacco predominated among men, distributed uniformly throughout the social strata; among the women the average percentage of smokers was 18,9%, a significant difference occurring among the highest socio-economic class, where the average was of 40.2%. The sedentary style of life presented high prevalence, among both men and women with exception of the women of the highest socio-economic level and of the skilled working class. The use of alcohol, as one would expect, is a habit basically practised by the men, without any statistically significant differences between classes. For the purpose of establishing associations between these risk fictors and lipemic conditions four situations were chosen, of the following characteristics: 1- total cholesterol > or = 220 mg/dl and triglycerides > or = 150 mg/dl; 2- HDL cholesterol or = 150 mg/dl; 3- HDL cholesterol or = 150 mg/dl, and the following independent variables: age, use of tobacco and the interactions between obesity and smoking, age and sedentary lifestyle, sex and obesity (R2=22%; the standardized B coefficient showed that the variables with the greatest weight in the forecasting of the variation in the levels of cholesterol were smoking and the interaction between obesity and smoking. The hypercholesterolemia accompanied by triglycerides levels

  10. Knowledge of Aging and Life Satisfaction among Older Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Neil C.; Friedrich, Douglas

    2004-01-01

    Four hundred young-, middle-, and old-old adults responded to a battery of quizzes dealing with life satisfaction and objective aging knowledge in the physical, psychological, and social domains. Analyses incorporated domains of aging knowledge, life satisfaction, age, gender, and demographic variables. Both means difference and regression…

  11. First course at university: Assessing the impact of student age, nationality and learning style

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisa Bone

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Designing curricula and teaching styles for students entering university is complicated by the diversity of student backgrounds and prior learning styles. We examined a range of factors that might influence success in the first course at university to try to identify those that were most important. Data were obtained for a first year Biology course at a large Australian university. Factors having a significant impact on final marks included student age, whether the students were local or international, time since high school and the learning strategy adopted. Taking a gap year or a longer break after high school was found to be detrimental to performance. Students taking Biology in their first semester performed better than those who did the course in their second or a later semester. International students attained higher grades than local students. Shallow or reproducing learning styles appeared to be as effective to grade achievement as strategies that led to a measurably deeper understanding of the subject matter.

  12. The effects of biological and life-style factors on baseline frequencies of chromosome aberrations in human lymphocytes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilada Nefic

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This study investigated the influence of sex and ageing on chromosomal damage and the role of life-style habits on the frequency of chromosomal aberrations (CAs in peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs of healthy Bosnian subjects. Materials and Methods: Peripheral blood samples were obtained from 100 healthy, unrelated individuals in Bosnia and Herzegovina during 2010 and 2011. Chromosome preparations were made by dropping and air drying and slides were stained with 10% Giemsa solution (pH 6.8. The cytogenetic analysis was carried out in a cytogenetic laboratory in the Department of Biology of the Faculty of Science in Sarajevo. The category of total structural CAs was sub classified as chromosome-type aberrations (CSAs and chromatid-type aberrations (CTAs while the category of total numerical CAs was sub classified as aneuploid and polyploid mitoses. All statistical analyses were carried out using Microsoft Excel 2010 (Microsoft Corporation and the Windows Kwikstat Winks SDA 7.0.2 statistical software package (Texa Soft Cedar Hill, Texas. Results: Cytogenetic analysis revealed the average number of structural CAs was 2.84 and of numerical CAs was 9.56. There was a significant increase in the frequency of chromosome-type aberrations (1.92 compared with chromatid-type aberrations (CTAs (0.92 and a significant increase in the frequency of aneuploid (8.83 compared with polyploid (0.73 mitoses. Significant positive correlations between age and CTAs in human PBLs were also demonstrated. Additional statistical analysis showed that ageing increase number of numerical CAs in lymphocytes of drinkers. The frequency of structural CAs of females exposed to radiation was significantly greater than in males. Analysis indicates the presence of a positive association between CAs and smoking in younger subjects but a negative correlation between aberrant cells frequencies and alcohol in older drinkers. Conclusion: The results of the study support the

  13. Vegan and vegetarianism as a life styleYaşam tarzı olarak vegan ve vejetaryenlik

    OpenAIRE

    Güzin Yasemin Tunçay Son; Meryem Bulut

    2016-01-01

    Vegan and vegetarianism that becomes an increasing trend day by day is a life style and a life philosophy and a bioethical approach. The reason of choosing for being a vegan/ vegetarian differs according to people’s preferences. These may be; respecting for a living things’ life, taking an ethical position against exploitation of animals, reducing ecological damage, being healthy and religious purposes. Most people believe that the nature and animals just exist for the sake of them. According...

  14. Some psychosocial aspects of nonlethal chondrodysplasias: I. Assessment using a Life-Styles Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunter, A G

    1998-06-16

    Studies concerning the psychosocial aspects of skeletal dysplasias that cause disproportionate short stature have been few and have usually involved small numbers of patients. As part of a study involving patients with chondrodysplasias and their families, an assessment battery of standardised instruments designed to measure depression, anxiety, self-esteem, personal support networks, marital adjustment, and family structure were completed by patients and, in many cases, their sibs, spouses, and/or parents. This first in a series of six papers reports the results of a Life-Styles Questionnaire which provides some insights into the levels of satisfaction with various aspects of life, including friendships, employment, the use of some substances and services, and the impact of the skeletal dysplasia on career, marriage, and childbearing. Results are presented for patients and the unaffected parents of patients. Overall, the study has shown a high level of satisfaction with many aspects of life. However, there are important differences in attitudes between the married and unmarried patients, and in some cases the unaffected parents, in a number of areas including health, overall satisfaction with life, and concerns surrounding child bearing and employment. PMID:9637414

  15. Some psychosocial aspects of nonlethal chondrodysplasias: I. Assessment using a Life-Styles Questionnaire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hunter, A G

    1998-06-16

    Studies concerning the psychosocial aspects of skeletal dysplasias that cause disproportionate short stature have been few and have usually involved small numbers of patients. As part of a study involving patients with chondrodysplasias and their families, an assessment battery of standardised instruments designed to measure depression, anxiety, self-esteem, personal support networks, marital adjustment, and family structure were completed by patients and, in many cases, their sibs, spouses, and/or parents. This first in a series of six papers reports the results of a Life-Styles Questionnaire which provides some insights into the levels of satisfaction with various aspects of life, including friendships, employment, the use of some substances and services, and the impact of the skeletal dysplasia on career, marriage, and childbearing. Results are presented for patients and the unaffected parents of patients. Overall, the study has shown a high level of satisfaction with many aspects of life. However, there are important differences in attitudes between the married and unmarried patients, and in some cases the unaffected parents, in a number of areas including health, overall satisfaction with life, and concerns surrounding child bearing and employment.

  16. [Do Attachment Styles of Mentally Ill Parents Impact on the Health-related Quality of Life of their Children?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wiegand-Grefe, Silke; Bomba, Franziska; Tönnies, Sven; Bullinger, Monika; Plass, Angela

    2016-01-01

    Do Attachment Styles of Mentally Ill Parents Impact on the Health-related Quality of Life of their Children? Parents with a mental disorder often display a problematic attachment style which may impact on their children's health related quality of life (HrQoL). The current study cross-sectionally examines attachment styles (BEPE) in mentally ill parents with underage children (n = 62) and the effect of attachment on their children's HrQoL (KINDL-R). Results show that secure attachment is less represented in parents with a mental health condition than in a healthy reference group. Within the clinical sample, children of mentally ill parents with a secure attachment style exhibit a higher HrQoL than children of mentally ill parents with ambivalent or avoidant attachment styles. These findings indicate not only that problematic attachment styles frequently occur in families with a mentally ill parent, but also suggest that this negatively affects the children's HrQoL. Appropriate interventions should include attachment oriented concepts. PMID:27027217

  17. Adaptive style and differences in parent and child report of health-related quality of life in children with cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jurbergs, Nichole; Russell, Kathryn M W; Long, Alanna; Phipps, Sean

    2008-01-01

    The objective of this study was to examine the self-reported health-related quality of life (HRQL) of children with cancer, and the consistency between child and parent reports of child HRQL, as a function of the child's adaptive style. Participants included 199 children with cancer, 108 healthy children, and their parents. Children completed self-report measures of HRQL and adaptive style. Measures of adaptive style were used to categorize children as high anxious, low anxious, defensive high anxious or repressor. Parents completed measures reporting their children's HRQL. Adaptive style was a significant predictor of child-reported HRQL, particularly on the psychosocial scales, with children identified as repressors reporting the best HRQL. Adaptive style was also predictive of discrepancies between parent and child report of child HRQL. Repressor and low anxious children reported better HRQL than did their parents, while high anxious children reported poorer HRQL, regardless of health status. Adaptive style is a significant determinant of self-reported HRQL in children, particularly in psychosocial domains, while health status (i.e. cancer patient vs healthy control) is predictive only of physical health domains. Researchers and clinicians should be aware of the impact of child adaptive style when assessing HRQL outcomes using self- or parent report. PMID:17410520

  18. Video Game Addiction and Life Style Changes: Implications for Caregivers Burden

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Manoj Kumar

    2016-01-01

    Limitation of available information on caregiver perspective on managing the users excessive use of technology. The present case series explore the caregiver burden related to users addictive use of video game. The users and caregivers approached the service of healthy use of technology (SHUT clinic) for management. They were assessed using Griffith criteria for video game; General Health questionnaire and family burden interview schedule. It demonstrate the addictive use of video game and its impact on users life style and the presence of psychiatric distress/family burden in the caregivers. Caregivers also reported presence of disturbance in psychosocial domains and helplessness to manage the excessive use. It has implications for building support group and service to handle parents’ distress and enabling them to handle the dysfunction in users. PMID:27114629

  19. Video Game Addiction and Life Style Changes: Implications for Caregivers Burden.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sharma, Manoj Kumar

    2016-01-01

    Limitation of available information on caregiver perspective on managing the users excessive use of technology. The present case series explore the caregiver burden related to users addictive use of video game. The users and caregivers approached the service of healthy use of technology (SHUT clinic) for management. They were assessed using Griffith criteria for video game; General Health questionnaire and family burden interview schedule. It demonstrate the addictive use of video game and its impact on users life style and the presence of psychiatric distress/family burden in the caregivers. Caregivers also reported presence of disturbance in psychosocial domains and helplessness to manage the excessive use. It has implications for building support group and service to handle parents' distress and enabling them to handle the dysfunction in users.

  20. The characteristics of fatigue symptoms and their association with the life style and the health status in school children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okamoto, M; Tan, F; Suyama, A; Okada, H; Miyamoto, T; Kishimoto, T

    2000-07-01

    In order to evaluate the characteristics of fatigue symptoms and their association with the life style and the health status, we examined using data accumulated by the longitudinal surveys from 1992 to 1998, in 118 six-year primary school children and 129 second-year junior high school children. The complaints of "drowsiness and dullness", such as "become drowsy" (71%), "give a yawn" (59%) and "want to lie down" (51%), respectively, were most frequently observed. The proportion of these complaints was high before the first morning class, but decreased when the children leave school. Notably, the complaints of "difficulty in concentration" annually have increased. Children with undesirable eating habits, particularly those who often eat salty foods, or poor life style, such as staying up late at night tended to have more complaints of fatigue symptoms. By correlation analysis, these complaints were significantly related to the obesity degree, blood pressure, HDL cholesterol and atherogenic index. These results support the hypothesis that fatigue symptoms increase or are associated with life style and health status. Consequently, it is necessary to improve the life style such as dietary habits and rhythm of life for the reduction of fatigue symptom. PMID:10959606

  1. Life Satisfaction, Self-Esteem, and Subjective Age in Women across the Life Span

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borzumato-Gainey, Christine; Kennedy, Alison; McCabe, Beth; Degges-White, Suzanne

    2009-01-01

    A study of 320 women, ages 21 to 69, explored the relations among relationship status, subjective age, self-esteem, and life satisfaction. Women in married or partnered relationships had higher levels of life satisfaction than did single women. Women in their 30s and 40s had significantly lower levels of life satisfaction than did other age…

  2. Age, Health and Life Satisfaction Among Older Europeans

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Angelini, Viola; Cavapozzi, Danilo; Corazzini, Luca; Paccagnella, Omar

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we investigate how age affects the self-reported level of life satisfaction among the elderly in Europe. By using a vignette approach, we find evidence that age influences life satisfaction through two counterbalancing channels. On the one hand, controlling for the effects of all other

  3. Quality of Life in Ageing Societies: Italy, Portugal, and Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arun, Ozgur; Cevik, Aylin Cakiroglu

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study was to compare and analyze the quality of life of the elderly in three aging countries: Italy, Portugal, and Turkey. This was done by using data provided by the European Quality of Life Survey completed in 2004. By doing so, we could then operationalize the conditions of the elderly in Turkey who have a rapid aging process…

  4. Age, Health and Life Satisfaction among Older Europeans

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angelini, Viola; Cavapozzi, Danilo; Corazzini, Luca; Paccagnella, Omar

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we investigate how age affects the self-reported level of life satisfaction among the elderly in Europe. By using a vignette approach, we find evidence that age influences life satisfaction through two counterbalancing channels. On the one hand, controlling for the effects of all other variables, the own perceived level of life…

  5. Plain water intake of Korean adults according to life style, anthropometric and dietary characteristic: the Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys 2008-2010

    OpenAIRE

    Kim, Jihye; Yang, Yoon Jung

    2014-01-01

    BACKGROUND/OBJECTIVES The objective of the study was to provide useful insights into plain water intake of Korean adults according to life style, anthropometric, and dietary characteristics. SUBJECTS/METHODS The data from the 2008-2010 Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey were used. The subjects were 14,428 aged 20-64 years. Water intake was estimated by asking the question "How much water do you usually consume per day?". Dietary intake was estimated by 24-hour dietary reca...

  6. From cosmos to intelligent life: the four ages of astrobiology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gleiser, Marcelo

    2012-10-01

    The history of life on Earth and in other potential life-bearing planetary platforms is deeply linked to the history of the Universe. Since life, as we know, relies on chemical elements forged in dying heavy stars, the Universe needs to be old enough for stars to form and evolve. The current cosmological theory indicates that the Universe is 13.7 +/- 0.13 billion years old and that the first stars formed hundreds of millions of years after the Big Bang. At least some stars formed with stable planetary systems wherein a set of biochemical reactions leading to life could have taken place. In this paper, I argue that we can divide cosmological history into four ages, from the Big Bang to intelligent life. The physical age describes the origin of the Universe, of matter, of cosmic nucleosynthesis, as well as the formation of the first stars and Galaxies. The chemical age began when heavy stars provided the raw ingredients for life through stellar nucleosynthesis and describes how heavier chemical elements collected in nascent planets and Moons gave rise to prebiotic biomolecules. The biological age describes the origin of early life, its evolution through Darwinian natural selection and the emergence of complex multicellular life forms. Finally, the cognitive age describes how complex life evolved into intelligent life capable of self-awareness and of developing technology through the directed manipulation of energy and materials. I conclude discussing whether we are the rule or the exception.

  7. Association of coping styles with quality of life in cancer patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jalal Shakeri

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: The results suggested that focusing on a patient's coping style, predominantly on an emotion-focused coping style, is essential to improve patient's QOL, and that patients possibly to employ a more emotion-oriented coping style should receive enough notice, particularly before discharge.

  8. Preparation for Old Age in Different Life Domains: Dimensions and Age Differences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kornadt, Anna E.; Rothermund, Klaus

    2014-01-01

    We investigated preparation for age-related changes from a multidimensional, life span perspective and administered a newly developed questionnaire to a large sample aged 30-80 years. Preparing for age-related changes was organized by life domains, with domain-specific types of preparation addressing obstacles and opportunities in the respective…

  9. Investigation of the Relationship between Physical Activity Level and Healthy Life-Style Behaviors of Academic Staff

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turkmen, Mutlu; Ozkan, Ali; Kul, Murat; Bozkus, Taner

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to determine the relationship of physical activity (PA) level and healthy life-style behaviors in academic staff in Bartin University, Turkey. The short form of International Physical Activity Questionnaire was administered for the determination of physical activity level of academic staff. Their PA levels were…

  10. [Life expectancy at older ages and alternative approach to aging measurement (the case of St. Petersburg)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozlov, L V; Safarova, G L; Lisenenkov, F I; Mikhaĭlova, O N

    2009-01-01

    St. Petersburg Institute of Bioregulation and Gerontology, NWB of RAMS, 3 pr. Dinamo, St. Petersburg 197110; For St. Petersburg, aging issues are of great importance as values of many aging indicators for St. Petersburg are higher than for Russia as a whole. Taper aims at analyzing the dynamics of life expectancy at older ages and comparing traditional (proportion of the elderly, average age, median age) and new (proportion of population with a remaining life expectancy 15 years or less, population average remaining years of life) aging indicators for St. Petersburg in 1990-2006.

  11. Aging, life trajectories and female homosexuality

    OpenAIRE

    Andrea Moraes Alves

    2010-01-01

    The social science's literature about female homosexuality has recently grown in Brazil, showing the awakened interest in this issue. Since the 1990's, academic works have discussed female homosexuality: its meanings and its impact on gender issues, its relationships with social movements, specially the ones concerned with sexual rights in Brazil. Great part of these works focus on a young age rate, and some of them are dedicated to middle age women. However, there aren't works concerned with...

  12. Comparing quality of life dimension in different age decades: prediction for aging

    OpenAIRE

    Vahid Nejati; Khodabakhsh Ahmadi; Maryam Sharifian; Fatemah Shoaee

    2012-01-01

    Background & Objective: Quality of life in different age groups can consider as good predictor of elderly quality of life. The purpose of present study is comparing quality of life in different age decade. Materials & Methods: This cross sectional study performed in 1914 citizens of Tehran with SF36 questionnaire. Sample selection method was multistage classification. We used One Way ANOVA for analysis. Results: Findings show that quality of life dimension reduced in role physical, physical a...

  13. Transcriptional responses to sucrose mimic the plant-associated life style of the plant growth promoting endophyte Enterobacter sp. 638.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Safiyh Taghavi

    Full Text Available Growth in sucrose medium was previously found to trigger the expression of functions involved in the plant associated life style of the endophytic bacterium Enterobacter sp. 638. Therefore, comparative transcriptome analysis between cultures grown in sucrose or lactate medium was used to gain insights in the expression levels of bacterial functions involved in the endophytic life style of strain 638. Growth on sucrose as a carbon source resulted in major changes in cell physiology, including a shift from a planktonic life style to the formation of bacterial aggregates. This shift was accompanied by a decrease in transcription of genes involved in motility (e.g., flagella biosynthesis and an increase in the transcription of genes involved in colonization, adhesion and biofilm formation. The transcription levels of functions previously suggested as being involved in endophytic behavior and functions responsible for plant growth promoting properties, including the synthesis of indole-acetic acid, acetoin and 2,3-butanediol, also increased significantly for cultures grown in sucrose medium. Interestingly, despite an abundance of essential nutrients transcription levels of functions related to uptake and processing of nitrogen and iron became increased for cultures grown on sucrose as sole carbon source. Transcriptome data were also used to analyze putative regulatory relationships. In addition to the small RNA csrABCD regulon, which seems to play a role in the physiological adaptation and possibly the shift between free-living and plant-associated endophytic life style of Enterobacter sp. 638, our results also pointed to the involvement of rcsAB in controlling responses by Enterobacter sp. 638 to a plant-associated life style. Targeted mutagenesis was used to confirm this role and showed that compared to wild-type Enterobacter sp. 638 a ΔrcsB mutant was affected in its plant growth promoting ability.

  14. Overt and relational aggression in Russian nursery-school-age children: parenting style and marital linkages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hart, C H; Nelson, D A; Robinson, C C; Olsen, S F; McNeilly-Choque, M K

    1998-07-01

    Maternal and paternal parenting styles and marital interactions linked to childhood aggressive behavior as described in Western psychological literature were measured in an ethnic Russian sample of 207 families of nursery-school-age children. Results corroborated and extended findings from Western samples. Maternal and paternal coercion, lack of responsiveness, and psychological control (for mothers only) were significantly correlated with children's overt aggression with peers. Less responsiveness (for mothers and fathers) and maternal coercion positively correlated with relational aggression. Some of these associations differed for boys versus girls. Marital conflict was also linked to more overt and relational aggression for boys. When entered into the same statistical model, more marital conflict (for boys only), more maternal coercion, and less paternal responsiveness were found to be the most important contributors to overt and relational aggression in younger Russian children. PMID:9681260

  15. A preliminary analysis of lunar extra-mare basalts - Distribution, compositions, ages, volumes, and eruption styles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitford-Stark, J. L.

    1982-01-01

    Extra-mare basalts occupy 8.5% of the lunar basalt area and comprise 1% of the total mare basalt volume. They are preferentially located where the crust is thin and topographically low. In terms of age, eruption style, and composition they are as variable as the mare basalts. In some instances extrusion in extra-mare craters was preceded by floor-fracturing whereas in other cases it apparently was not. The volume of lava erupted may have been controlled more by the volume of magma produced than by hydrostatic effects. A minimum of nearly 1300 separate basalt eruptions is indicated; the true value could be nearer 30,000 separate eruptions.

  16. Age Prejudice of 'Act Your Age.'

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ponzo, Zander

    1978-01-01

    Many life-style decisions are often adversely influenced by prejudicial attitudes, norms, and laws about age. The relationship between ways of thinking about developmental tasks and age prejudice is discussed. (Author)

  17. Relationship between life style-related factors with cardiac ischemia among inpatients: A case-control study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasan Eftekhar Ardebili

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: More than seventeen millions people die due to cardiovascular diseases which account for one third of death worldwide. Half of 60% of all mortality caused by acquired diseases throughout the world is due to heart disorders and this ratio will augment to 73% by 2020. It is known that individual lifestyle has a great influence on the well-being of cardiovascular system. Seven of the top ten etiologies leading to death are related to the pattern of lifestyle. This study explored various lifestyle-related factors affecting ischemic conditions. Method: This study was performed as a case control investigation on 65 subjects along with 65 controls who were all admitted at Sevome Shaaban hospital in Damavand town of Iran. All data demographic and life-style variables were gathered, using three different types of questionnaire obtained from each person. p< 0.05 was considered as significant. Results: Age, marriage status, smoking, physical activities, diet and mental health condition were shown to have a significant effect on ischemia (P <0.001. Insufficient physical activities, fatty and low fiber food as well as impaired psychology conditions were among the risk factors that contributed to Ischemic heart disease. Conclusion: Insufficient physical activities, fatty and low fiber food as well as impaired psychology conditions were among the risk factors that contribute to ischemic heart disease.

  18. A STUDY ON PREVALENCE OF DM, HYPERTENSION AND ASSOCIATION WITH LIFE STYLE AS RISK FACTORS IN A RURAL POPULATION DISTRICT GHAZIABAD (U. P.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Narendra

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND & OBJECTIVE: Estimation of rising prevalence of Diabetes Mellitus, Hypertension, Obesity etc & association with various risk factors is having bearing on effective preventive programmes. Cross sectional study was conducted in rural population in a health centre to assess prevalence of DM, Hypertension, and association with their life style if any. METHODS: Pretested proforma administered to all males 35 -50 yrs age coming to a health Centre. Information on diets, habits, physical activity, medical & family history, height, weight, blood pressure, blood sugar level was taken. For data analyses epi info software used. RESULTS: Out of 1120 participants, 186 were having Hypertension, prevalence of 16.87%, 14 hypertensive, (7.53 % with positive family history of hypertension. 89 were Diabetic, prevalence of 7.94 %. In this group, 7 (7.90% had family history of diabetes. Overall 258 (25.03% had abnormal BMI, age group with highest BMI as risk factor, had higher hypertensive & Diabetics persons, most of them consuming non-vegetarian diet with saturated fats. Most of participants were doing mild to moderate physical activity. INTERPRETATION & CONCLUSIONS: The study provides insight on high burden, of Hypertension, Diabetes Mellitus, and the associated risk factors in a rural population in a health Centre. Life style modifications, more physical activity, lesser intake of non-vegetarian items, fats, salt in the diet, will result in lesser risk & load of these diseases.

  19. Styles of parent-child interactions in families with preschool-age children.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shvedovskaya A.A.

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available With regard to cultural-historical and activity approaches, collaborative activity with an adult, including communication as a type of meta-activity, is considered to be the necessary mechanism of child development. A child is considered to be an active partner, possessing his/her own motives, and is guided by mental representations of the parent and interactions with him/her. Russian psychologists have developed a range of parenting style classifications; however, these styles primarily emphasize a parent’s position, contrary to methodological perspectives, with inadequate consideration of a child’s own agency. The aims of the current research were to investigate actual goal-oriented interactions between preschoolers and their parents and to outline certain patterns (types of interactions, considering both partners and analyzing interac- tions according to the activity model. A total of 75 parent-child dyads (children aged from 4.6 years to 6.11 years participated in “collaborative activity trials” in which the observational method was based on the activity approach. Cluster analysis (k-means clusterization revealed five different groups of parent-child dyads: conflictual, harmonious, distant and two-fold dominant (with dominant parent or dominant child. Between-group comparisons (Mann-Whitney U test showed significant differences in a range of parameters of activity and emotional components of interactions. The harmonious type of interactions is not prevalent, although subgroups with different types of domination are the most common, which may be attributed to cultural peculiarities. Domination-subordination misbalance does not seem to seriously distort the normal developmental trajectory; however, in cases of conflictual and distant dyads, interactional issues might hinder the course of goal-oriented activity, which might serve as a predictor for potential difficulties in further learning.

  20. Profile analysis of rural and urban schoolchildren: life style and postural habits

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonia Dalla Pria Bankoff

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to analyze the profile of 7-to-14-year-old male and female schoolchildren with regard to their life style and postural habits. It was carried out through a specific protocol for this project, including open and close questions. The analysis of the results led to the following conclusions: a parents need to be clarified about their children’s necessity of leisure time; b the schoolchildren studied spend too little time on sports practice and physical activies; c their postural habits revealed a predominance of fetal sleeping position on foam rubber mattresses, the use of backpacks to carry their school materials and the sitting position at the desk with flexed legs and the feet touching the floor; d rural schoolchildren have less leisure time available to practice sports and other specific physical activities because after school time they work with their parents in the fields; e a high rate of spine radiographies was detected.

  1. A scientific appraisal on hirudotherapy- an evolution in life style disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shikha Nayak

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Hirudotherapy is a treatment with using of medicinal leech. This kind of therapy is known from the time of extreme antiquity and is still alive nowadays.Aims: At the present era when the world is suffering from a number of disorders occurring due to faulty Life style, Hirudotherapy is an evolutionary mode of treatment. Scientifically it has been proved that Substances in Leech saliva can lower the blood sugar levels and improve pancreatic functions, so can use in diabetes and its complications. Scientific research of Hirudo Medicinalis by number of powerful enzymes extracted from leeches salivary gland secretions among them DESTABILASE which in nature can be found only in leeches. This also explains the Atherogenic Effect provided by the leeches, for they lower the level of Cholesterol and Triglycerides in blood.Conclusion:  As Leech Therapy is being used frequently in a number of disorders, the evidence based concept is the need of the hour. The present paper portrays the scientific substantiation of Hirudotherapy.

  2. A lesson program for schoolchildren about a clean and healthy life-style: a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hollander, C

    1997-05-01

    A health education project is underway in primary schools in the Wonogiri district of Indonesia. This project, implemented by the Yayasan Indonesia Sejahtera (YIS), is related to the Perilaku Hidup Bersih dan Sehat (PHBS) campaign developed by the Provincial Health Office of central Java to promote a healthy life-style. The PHBS campaign, which will eventually target households, industry, and schools, is currently promoting only 10 household-level indicators. Thus, YIS developed a curriculum for PHBS that includes those indicators that are relevant to primary school students. The longterm YIS project group includes the fifth-grade (11- and 12-year-old students) at every elementary school in the district. A single class in a village school is serving as the target group for the pilot study. Development of the pilot curriculum involved a pre/post test as well as a field test, and an evaluation is planned. The health topics chosen for the project are: clean water, use of family sanitation facilities, garbage disposal, mosquitoes, personal hygiene, dental hygiene, nutrition, smoking and alcohol, and family planning. The curriculum consists of seven lessons and is taught using visual aids and a participatory approach. Post-test results were disappointing because answers improved over pretest answers for only 5 out of 21 questions. One of the reasons may have been that the project had to begin before all of the supporting materials were ready. Evaluation is currently ongoing, and plans are underway to expand the program. PMID:12320863

  3. Clean Plate Movement and Empowerment of Civil Leadership for Developing Sustainable Life Style

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choi, Kwang Soo; Kim, Seung Woo; Jung, Sin Yeong; Choi, Byeong Dae; Mun, Sung Joo; Lee, Dong Ho

    This paper describes the backgrounds, process, outcomes, and characteristics of "Clean plate" movement carried out in Korea. That was aimed at the reduction of food waste production as well as developing and disseminating a sustainable life style. Excessive foods are wasted every year in Korea and it reaches to 270 g/day/capita. Clean plate movement was started 2004 and over 1.5 million peoples, which is 3% of the population, did pledge for 15 months. Over one million students participated in the pledge campaign and they became conscious about the importance of food and get sustainable eating habit in which they don't leave any food behind. While the campaign carried out successfully, civil volunteers of a Buddhist NGO EcoBuddha, who were the housewives mainly, were in charge of the whole processes and were trained as civil leaders for sustainable development. They awakened to the interrelationship between human being and the nature, based on a series of Buddhist lectures and self practicing asceticism. Clean plate movement as an educational program for sustainable development has various factors in three pillars of environmental, economical and socio-cultural aspects for EfSD.

  4. Testing the value and life-style model (VALS of psychographic market segmentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. G. Rousseau

    1990-06-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the development of a psychographic inventory suitable for testing the VALS model of market segmentation within the South African context. Hypotheses relating to value and life-style traits, suggested by prior research, are tested, utilising a sample of white and black respondents in the Johannesburg/Soweto metropolitan area. Results imply that the instrument developed has moderate reliability and can be administered bilingually. The VALS model tested by the instrument suggests that most respondents hold need-driven and outer-directed values. Impllications for value and lifestyle segmentation within the South African context are discussed. Opsomming Hierdie artikel beskryfdie ontwikkeling van 'n psigografiese inventaris geskik vir die toetsing van die VALS-model van marksegmentasie binne Suid-Afrikaanse verband. Hipoteses met betrekking tot waarde- en lewenstyltrekke, voortspruitend uit vorige navorsing, word getoets op 'n steekproef van wit en swart respondente in die Johannesburg/Soweto metropolitaanse gebied. Resultate toon dat die instrument gemiddelde betroubaarheid openbaar en toepasbaar is op 'n tweetalige grondslag. Die VALS-model soos getoets deur die instrument toon dat die meeste respondente behoefte-gedrewe en na buite gerigte waardes openbaar. Implikasies vir waarde- en lewenstylsegmentasie binne Suid-Afrikaanse verband word ook bespreek.

  5. Stuck in the past: negative bias, explanatory style, temporal order, and evaluative perspectives in life narratives of clinically depressed individuals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habermas, Tilmann; Ott, Lisa-M; Schubert, Merve; Schneider, Beatrix; Pate, Anna

    2008-01-01

    This study attempted to replicate negative bias and depressive explanatory style in depression using life narratives. The two central aspects of narrative, temporal succession and evaluation, were also explored. These aspects were tested for the first time using entire life narratives of 17 depressed inpatients and non-depressed controls matched for sex and educational level. Negative bias and depressive explanatory style were replicated as typical for the depressed group. Life narratives of depressed patients also deviated more from a linear temporal order and compared less frequently the past with the present. Contrary to expectations, the depressed did not differ in the overall frequency of evaluations. However, they used more past than present evaluations and more experience-near evaluations than cognitive evaluations, suggesting that they are more immersed in past experiences. It is concluded that negative bias and depressive explanatory style can be found also in a naturalistic narrative measure, and that depression affects the two major aspects of narrative. It is argued that life narratives, as measures close to everyday clinical practice and as the most encompassing form of self-representation, should complement more experimental procedures in the study of cognitive and communicative processes in psychopathology. PMID:17957809

  6. Occupational cognitive requirements and late-life cognitive aging

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pool, Lindsay R.; Weuve, Jennifer; Wilson, Robert S.; Bultmann, Ute; Evans, Denis A.; de Leon, Carlos F. Mendes

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To examine whether occupational cognitive requirements, as a marker of adulthood cognitive activity, are associated with late-life cognition and cognitive decline.Methods:Main lifetime occupation information for 7,637 participants aged >65 years of the Chicago Health and Aging Project (CHA

  7. Design of the New Life(style study: a randomised controlled trial to optimise maternal weight development during pregnancy. [ISRCTN85313483

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seidell Jacob C

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Preventing excessive weight gain during pregnancy is potentially important in the prevention of overweight and obesity among women of childbearing age. However, few intervention studies aiming at weight management during pregnancy have been performed and most of these interventions were not as successful as expected. In this paper the design of the New Life(style study is described as well as the content of the individually tailored intervention program, which focuses on controlling weight development during pregnancy. Methods The effectiveness of the New Life(style intervention program versus usual care by midwives is evaluated in a randomised controlled trial. Women who expect their first child and visit one of the participating midwifery practices are included. The intervention is standardised in a protocol and executed by trained counsellors with the women who are randomised in the intervention group. During 5 sessions – at 18, 22, 30 and 36 weeks of pregnancy and at 8 weeks postpartum – individual weight gain is discussed in relation to weight gain guidelines for pregnant women of the American Institute of Medicine. Counsellors coach the women to maintain or optimise a healthy lifestyle, in a period of drastic physical and mental changes. Data is collected at 15, 25, 35 weeks of pregnancy and at 6, 26, and 52 weeks after delivery. Primary outcome measures are body weight, BMI, and skinfold thickness. Secondary outcome measures include physical activity, nutrition and blood levels of factors that are associated with energy homeostasis. Discussion Results of the current RCT will improve the knowledge of determinants of weight gain during pregnancy, weight retention after childbirth and of the effectiveness of the intervention program that is described. Caregivers and researchers in the field of health promotion are offered more insight in specific elements of the New Life(style intervention program.

  8. Immigrant status and increased risk of heart failure: the role of hypertension and life-style risk factors

    OpenAIRE

    Borné Yan; Engström Gunnar; Essén Birgitta; Hedblad Bo

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background Studies from Sweden have reported association between immigrant status and incidence of cardiovascular diseases. The nature of this relationship is unclear. We investigated the relationship between immigrant status and risk of heart failure (HF) hospitalization in a population-based cohort, and to what extent this is mediated by hypertension and life-style risk factors. We also explored whether immigrant status was related to case-fatality after HF. Methods 26,559 subjects...

  9. The design of maternal centered life-style modification program for weight gain management during pregnancy — a study protocol

    OpenAIRE

    Farajzadegan, Ziba; Pozveh, Zahra Amini

    2013-01-01

    Background: Abnormal weight gain during pregnancy increases the adverse health outcomes during the pregnancy, delivery, and the postpartum period. Most of the pregnant women develop weight gain more than the recommended limits; therefore, interventions to manage such disproportionate weight gain are needed. In this paper, the design of the maternal centered life-style intervention study is described, which focuses on controlling weight gaining during pregnancy for all body mass index (BMI) gr...

  10. Exploring relationships over time between psychological distress, perceived stress, life events and immature defense style on disordered eating pathology

    OpenAIRE

    Hay, Phillipa; Williams, Sarah Elizabeth

    2013-01-01

    Background Perceived stress, immature defense style, depression and anxiety and negative life events all are known to be associated with eating disorders. The present study aimed to investigate the relationships between these factors and their relative strength of association with eating disorder symptoms over time. Methods This research was embedded in a longitudinal study of adult women with varying levels of eating disorder symptoms and who were initially recruited from tertiary educationa...

  11. Use of Computer Technology for English Language Learning: Do Learning Styles, Gender, and Age Matter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Cynthia; Yeung, Alexander Seeshing; Ip, Tiffany

    2016-01-01

    Computer technology provides spaces and locales for language learning. However, learning style preference and demographic variables may affect the effectiveness of technology use for a desired goal. Adapting Reid's pioneering Perceptual Learning Style Preference Questionnaire (PLSPQ), this study investigated the relations of university students'…

  12. Biophysical properties of photoreceptors in Corixa punctata facilitate diurnal life-style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frolov, Roman V

    2015-06-01

    Measurement of evolutionary adaptations of a visual system to its visual and operational ecology requires comparison of visual function in different species with similar morphologies and visual ecologies, occupying the same habitats but displaying differences in visually-guided behavior. The goal here was to document the biophysical properties of photoreceptors in the lesser water boatman Corixa punctata, which shares many features with the previously studied aquatic predator water boatman backswimmer Notonecta glauca. However, unlike the backswimmer, which heavily relies on vision to catch its prey, Corixa is a detritivore. Using the patch-clamp method, I found that the average whole-cell capacitance of Corixa photoreceptors was 441±206 pF, higher than in any other insect studied so far, and that absolute sensitivity was positively correlated with capacitance (Spearman rank correlation coefficient, 0.73). Interestingly, both the sensitivity distribution median and variation in Corixa were similar to the corresponding values in the diurnal water strider Gerris lacustris and were substantially smaller than in the noctidial N. glauca or the nocturnal/crepuscular cockroach Periplaneta americana. Furthermore, capacitance was correlated with the amplitudes of light-induced (0.70) and delayed rectifier K(+) (0.46) currents, membrane corner frequency (0.68) and maximal information rate (IRmax, 0.74). No correlation was observed between capacitance and transient K(+) current. Average IRmax in Corixa was 36.0±21.3 bits s(-1), much higher than in G. lacustris but smaller than in N. glauca. These findings support the hypothesis that Corixa's retinal function is adapted to its diurnal life-style, which is also consistent with field observations.

  13. Chemosymbiotic species from the Gulf of Cadiz (NE Atlantic: distribution, life styles and nutritional patterns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. F. Rodrigues

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Previous work in the mud volcanoes from the Gulf of Cadiz (South Iberian Margin revealed a high number of chemosymbiotic species, namely bivalves and siboglinid polychaetes. In this study we give an overview of the distribution and life styles of these species in the Gulf of Cadiz, determine the role of autotrophic symbionts in the nutrition of selected species using stable isotope analyses (δ13C, δ15N and δ34S and investigate the intra-specific variation of isotope signatures within and between study sites. During our studies, we identified twenty siboglinidae and nine bivalve chemosymbiotic species living in fifteen mud volcanoes. Solemyid bivalves and tubeworms of the genus Siboglinum are widespread in the study area, whereas other species were found in a single mud volcano (e.g. "Bathymodiolus" mauritanicus or restricted to deeper mud volcanoes (e.g. Polybrachia sp., Lamelisabella denticulata. Species distribution suggests that different species may adjust their position within the sediment according to their particular needs, and to the intensity and variability of the chemical substrata supply. Tissue stable isotope signatures for selected species are in accordance with values found in other studies, with thiotrophy as the dominant nutritional pathway, and with methanotrophy and mixotrophy emerging as secondary strategies. The heterogeneity in terms of nutrient sources (expressed in the high variance of nitrogen and sulphur values and the ability to exploit different resources by the different species may explain the high diversity of chemosymbiotic species found in the Gulf of Cadiz. This study increases the knowledge on distributional patterns and resource partitioning of chemosymbiotic species and highlights how trophic fuelling varies on spatial scales with direct implications to seep assemblages and potentially to the biodiversity of continental margin.

  14. [The relationship between stress and life-style of students at the Faculty of Medicine of Oporto].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loureiro, Elizabete; McIntyre, Teresa; Mota-Cardoso, Rui; Ferreira, Maria Amélia

    2008-01-01

    Different studies have demonstrated that there are significant changes in the health and habits/life-style of university students, and it seems that Medical students also reveal a significant vulnerability to the adoption of health risk behaviours. The present study aims to (1) characterize the main sources of academic stress of the Medical School students of the University of Porto as well as the intensity with which they are experienced, (2) investigate the variations in academic stress and psychosocial variables, due to gender, year of course and displacement from home and (3) contribute, for the first time, to the understanding of stress and life-style of medical students in Portugal. The empirical study included a sample of 251 students from all 6 years of the course (160 females and 91 males), evaluated by the following instruments: (1) The Inventory of Sources of Academic Stress in Medical Education (ISASME), and the Portuguese versions of (2) the Brief Personal Survey (BPS), (3) the General Health Questionnaire 12 (GHQ-12), and (4) the Interpersonal Behaviour Survey-Brief (ICIBrief). In terms of overall levels of stress (GHQ-12), a prevalence of 58.2% of clinically significant stress symptoms was found, with the students from the basic cycle and those who are living away from home, presenting higher levels of stress. In terms of life-style, 47% of the students revealed health risk behaviours, with eating habits, physical exercise, alcohol and drug consumption, and body image being the main problem areas. Gender and year of course seem to have a significant influence on the variables studied, being the female students those who present higher levels of academic stress, stress responses (pressure/overload, physical distress, anxiety, anger/frustration, inefficiency, depression and loss of control), and low levels of coping confidence; the students of the basic cycle reveal higher levels of stress in managing their life-style (academic stress), general stress

  15. [Thermodynamics of the origin of life, evolution and aging].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gladyshev, G P

    2014-01-01

    Briefly discusses the history of the search of thermodynamic approach to explain the origin of life, evolution and aging of living beings. The origin of life is the result of requirement by the quasi-equilibrium hierarchical thermodynamics, in particular, the supramolecular thermodynamics. The evolution and aging of living beings is accompanied with changes of chemical and supramolecular compositions of living bodies, as well as with changes in the composition and structure of all hierarchies of the living world. The thermodynamic principle of substance stability predicts the existence of a single genetic code in our universe. The thermodynamic theory optimizes physiology and medicine and recommends antiaging diets and medicines. Hierarchical thermodynamics forms the design diversity of culture and art. The thermodynamic theory of origin of life, evolution and aging is the development of Clausius-Gibbs thermodynamics. Hierarchical thermodynamics is the mirror of Darwin-Wallace's-theory.

  16. Association between Caregiving, Meaning in Life, and Life Satisfaction beyond 50 in an Asian Sample: Age as a Moderator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ang, Rebecca P.; O, Jiaqing

    2012-01-01

    The association between caregiving, meaning in life, and life satisfaction was examined in sample of 519 older Asian adults beyond 50 years of age. Two hierarchical multiple regression analyses were conducted to examine age as moderator of the associations between caregiving, meaning in life, and life satisfaction. Age moderated the association…

  17. Quantifying yeast chronological life span by outgrowth of aged cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murakami, Christopher; Kaeberlein, Matt

    2009-01-01

    The budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has proven to be an important model organism in the field of aging research. The replicative and chronological life spans are two established paradigms used to study aging in yeast. Replicative aging is defined as the number of daughter cells a single yeast mother cell produces before senescence; chronological aging is defined by the length of time cells can survive in a non-dividing, quiescence-like state. We have developed a high-throughput method for quantitative measurement of chronological life span. This method involves aging the cells in a defined medium under agitation and at constant temperature. At each age-point, a sub-population of cells is removed from the aging culture and inoculated into rich growth medium. A high-resolution growth curve is then obtained for this sub-population of aged cells using a Bioscreen C MBR machine. An algorithm is then applied to determine the relative proportion of viable cells in each sub-population based on the growth kinetics at each age-point. This method requires substantially less time and resources compared to other chronological lifespan assays while maintaining reproducibility and precision. The high-throughput nature of this assay should allow for large-scale genetic and chemical screens to identify novel longevity modifiers for further testing in more complex organisms. PMID:19421136

  18. From Cosmos to Intelligent Life: The Four Ages of Astrobiology

    CERN Document Server

    Gleiser, Marcelo

    2012-01-01

    The history of life on Earth and in other potential life-bearing planetary platforms is deeply linked to the history of the universe. Since life as we know it relies on chemical elements forged in dying heavy stars, the universe needs to be old enough for stars to form and evolve. Current cosmological theory indicates that the universe is 13.7$\\pm 0.13$ billion years old and that the first stars formed hundreds of millions of years after the big bang. At least some stars formed with stable planetary systems wherein a set of biochemical reactions leading to life could have taken place. In this lecture, I argue that we can divide cosmological history into four ages, from the big bang to intelligent life. The Physical Age describes the origin of the universe, of matter, of cosmic nucleosynthesis, as well as the formation of the first stars and galaxies. The Chemical Age begun when heavy stars provided the raw ingredients for life through stellar nucleosynthesis and describes how heavier chemical elements collect...

  19. Quality of life and parental styles assessed by adolescents suffering from inflammatory bowel diseases and their parents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jelenova, Daniela; Prasko, Jan; Ociskova, Marie; Latalova, Klara; Karaskova, Eva; Hruby, Radovan; Kamaradova, Dana; Mihal, Vladimir

    2016-01-01

    Background Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) in adolescents are chronic medical conditions with a substantial influence on the quality of life (QoL) of the families. Methods A total of 27 adolescents suffering from IBD, 39 healthy adolescents, and their parents were included in the cross-sectional study. The adolescents completed the questionnaires ADOR (parenting styles), KidScreen-10 (QoL), SAD (The Scale of Anxiety in Children), and CDI (Children’s Depression Inventory). The parents completed the BAI (Beck Anxiety Inventory), BDI-II (Beck Depression Inventory, second version), and PedsQL (Pediatrics Quality of Life) Family Impact Module. Results The parental styles of the parents of the IBD adolescents and controls were without significant differences. The only exception was that fathers’ positive parental style was significantly higher in the fathers of the controls. There were no statistically significant differences between the IBD children and controls in the QoL assessed using KidScreen-10. However, the QoL of the parents of the ill children was significantly lower than that of the parents of the controls (PedsQL total scores in mothers 66.84±14.78 vs 76.17±14.65 and in fathers 68.86±16.35 vs 81.74±12.89, respectively). The mothers of the IBD adolescents were significantly more anxious (BAI scores 9.50±10.38 vs 5.26±4.75) and the fathers more depressed (BDI-II scores 7.23±6.50 vs 3.64±3.51) than the parents of the controls, but there was no difference in the levels of anxiety or depression between the IBD adolescents and the controls. The positive parental style of both the parents of the children suffering from IBD positively correlated with the QoL of the adolescents evaluated by KidScreen-10. The positive parental style of the fathers negatively correlated with the children’s state and trait anxiety and negatively correlated with the severity of childhood depression. Conclusion The fathers of the IBD adolescents may exhibit low levels of

  20. The developmental origins of cognitive vulnerability to depression: temperament, parenting, and negative life events in childhood as contributors to negative cognitive style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mezulis, Amy H; Hyde, Janet Shibley; Abramson, Lyn Y

    2006-11-01

    Cognitive models of depression have been well supported with adults, but the developmental origins of cognitive vulnerability are not well understood. The authors hypothesized that temperament, parenting, and negative life events in childhood would contribute to the development of cognitive style, with withdrawal negativity and negative parental feedback moderating the effects of negative life events to predict more depressogenic cognitive styles. These constructs were assessed in 289 children and their parents followed longitudinally from infancy to 5th grade; a subsample (n = 120) also participated in a behavioral task in which maternal feedback to child failure was observed. Results indicated that greater withdrawal negativity in interaction with negative life events was associated with more negative cognitive styles. Self-reported maternal anger expression and observed negative maternal feedback to child's failure significantly interacted with child's negative events to predict greater cognitive vulnerability. There was little evidence of paternal parenting predicting child negative cognitive style. PMID:17087538

  1. The developmental origins of cognitive vulnerability to depression: temperament, parenting, and negative life events in childhood as contributors to negative cognitive style.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mezulis, Amy H; Hyde, Janet Shibley; Abramson, Lyn Y

    2006-11-01

    Cognitive models of depression have been well supported with adults, but the developmental origins of cognitive vulnerability are not well understood. The authors hypothesized that temperament, parenting, and negative life events in childhood would contribute to the development of cognitive style, with withdrawal negativity and negative parental feedback moderating the effects of negative life events to predict more depressogenic cognitive styles. These constructs were assessed in 289 children and their parents followed longitudinally from infancy to 5th grade; a subsample (n = 120) also participated in a behavioral task in which maternal feedback to child failure was observed. Results indicated that greater withdrawal negativity in interaction with negative life events was associated with more negative cognitive styles. Self-reported maternal anger expression and observed negative maternal feedback to child's failure significantly interacted with child's negative events to predict greater cognitive vulnerability. There was little evidence of paternal parenting predicting child negative cognitive style.

  2. Smoking, consumption of alcohol and sedentary life style in population grouping and their relationships with lipemic disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ignez Salas Martins

    1995-02-01

    Full Text Available The study, part of the project "Atherosclerotic cardiovascular diseases, lipemic disorders, hypertension, obesity and diabetis mellitus in a population of the metropolitan area of the southeastern region of Brazil", had the following objectives: a the characterization and distribution among typical human socio-economic groupings, of the prevalence of some particular habits which constitute aspects of life-style-the use of tobacco, the use of alcohol and sedentary activity; b the establishment of the interrelation between the above-mentioned habits and some lipemic disorders. The prevalence of the habits cited behaved in the following manner: the use of tobacco predominated among men, distributed uniformly throughout the social strata; among the women the average percentage of smokers was 18,9%, a significant difference occurring among the highest socio-economic class, where the average was of 40.2%. The sedentary style of life presented high prevalence, among both men and women with exception of the women of the highest socio-economic level and of the skilled working class. The use of alcohol, as one would expect, is a habit basically practised by the men, without any statistically significant differences between classes. For the purpose of establishing associations between these risk fictors and lipemic conditions four situations were chosen, of the following characteristics: 1- total cholesterol > or = 220 mg/dl and triglycerides > or = 150 mg/dl; 2- HDL cholesterol or = 150 mg/dl; 3- HDL cholesterol or = 150 mg/dl, and the following independent variables: age, use of tobacco and the interactions between obesity and smoking, age and sedentary lifestyle, sex and obesity (R2=22%; the standardized B coefficient showed that the variables with the greatest weight in the forecasting of the variation in the levels of cholesterol were smoking and the interaction between obesity and smoking. The hypercholesterolemia accompanied by triglycerides levels

  3. Comparison of Diabetes Type II Patients Life Style Effective Factors With That of Healthy People.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D Mostafaei

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction:Diabetes is a significant and expensive health problem which had influenced all the ages in almost all the countries. Increasing prevalence of this disease has been caused by continued changes in lifestyle such as unsuitable nutrition, lack of physical activities and fatness which is often related to modern city life, mechanization and industrialization. It is an expensive disease, both for patients and the health and hygienic care systems. This research tried to examine the relationship between lifestyle risk factors and type II diabetes. Methods: This research was a case-control type by random sampling and studying140 diabetes type II patients as case group and 140 healthy people accompanying some other patients as the control group at Tonekabon Shahid Rajaei hospital. People were of both sexes, between 30 and 64 years of age and Tonekabon residents. The questionnaire used included demographic, nutritional, physical activities, stress tolerance and smoking status information. The SPSS 11.5 and excel software were used for statistic calculation and for analysis of data, T and Chi-Square tests were applied. Results: By analyzing the data collected, there was a meaningful statistical relationship between physical activities, stress residence, nutrition, smoking and the diabetes type II disease (P-value0.05. Conclusion: Results imply that some risk factors important in diabetes type II include unsuitable nutrition such as having too much of sweets and sugar,lack of fruits, vegetables, fish, proteins and also lack of physical activities, stress tolerance and control.

  4. The association of family support and wellbeing in later life depends on adult attachment style

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Merz, E.-M.; Consedine, N.S.

    2009-01-01

    The current study examines the association between family support and wellbeing in the elderly, paying particular attention to the possible moderating role of attachment style. Data from a community-dwelling, ethnically diverse, elderly sample (N ¼ 1118) were analyzed to determine the best linear co

  5. End-of-Life Decisions and Advanced Old Age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stoyles

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Despite the fact that most people die in advanced old age, little attention is given to cases involving older people in debates about the moral and legal dimensions of end-of-life decision making. The purpose of this paper is to establish some of the ways our discussions should change as we pay attention to important factors influencing end-of-life decisions for people in advanced old age. Focusing on the prevalence of comorbidities and the likelihood that people in advanced old age will experience an extended period of declining function before death, I argue that our debates should be expanded to include greater consideration of how we want to live in the final stages of life. With this, I am arguing against the tendency to think that “end-of-life” decision making concerns only making decisions about when and how it is appropriate to terminate a person’s life. I argue, further, that we should move away from the medicalization of dying.

  6. Age, Cohort and Perceived Age Discrimination: Using the Life Course to Assess Self-Reported Age Discrimination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gee, Gilbert C.; Pavalko, Eliza K.; Long, J. Scott

    2007-01-01

    Self-reported discrimination is linked to diminished well-being, but the processes generating these reports remain poorly understood. Employing the life course perspective, this paper examines the correspondence between expected age preferences for workers and perceived age discrimination among a nationally representative sample of 7,225 working…

  7. Homeless Aging Veterans in Transition: A Life-Span Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla J. Thompson

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The need for counseling and career/educational services for homeless veterans has captured political and economic venues for more than 25 years. Veterans are three times more likely to become homeless than the general population if veterans live in poverty or are minority veterans. This mixed methods study emphasized a life-span perspective approach for exploring factors influencing normative aging and life-quality of 39 homeless veterans in Alabama and Florida. Seven descriptive quantitative and qualitative research questions framed the investigation. Study participants completed a quantitative survey reflecting their preferences and needs with a subset of the sample (N=12 also participating in individual qualitative interview sessions. Thirty-two service providers and stakeholders completed quantitative surveys. Empirical and qualitative data with appropriate triangulation procedures provided interpretive information relative to a life-span development perspective. Study findings provide evidence of the need for future research efforts to address strategies that focus on the health and economic challenges of veterans before they are threatened with the possibility of homelessness. Implications of the study findings provide important information associated with the premise that human development occurs throughout life with specific characteristics influencing the individual’s passage. Implications for aging/homelessness research are grounded in late-life transitioning and human development intervention considerations.

  8. Quality of life and parental styles assessed by adolescents suffering from inflammatory bowel diseases and their parents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jelenova D

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Daniela Jelenova,1 Jan Prasko,1 Marie Ociskova,1 Klara Latalova,1 Eva Karaskova,2 Radovan Hruby,3 Dana Kamaradova,1 Vladimir Mihal21Department of Psychiatry, 2Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacký University, University Hospital, Olomouc, Czech Republic; 3Private Practice, Martin, Slovak RepublicBackground: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs in adolescents are chronic medical conditions with a substantial influence on the quality of life (QoL of the families.Methods: A total of 27 adolescents suffering from IBD, 39 healthy adolescents, and their parents were included in the cross-sectional study. The adolescents completed the questionnaires ADOR (parenting styles, KidScreen-10 (QoL, SAD (The Scale of Anxiety in Children, and CDI (Children’s Depression Inventory. The parents completed the BAI (Beck Anxiety Inventory, BDI-II (Beck Depression Inventory, second version, and PedsQL (Pediatrics Quality of Life Family Impact Module.Results: The parental styles of the parents of the IBD adolescents and controls were without significant differences. The only exception was that fathers’ positive parental style was significantly higher in the fathers of the controls. There were no statistically significant differences between the IBD children and controls in the QoL assessed using KidScreen-10. However, the QoL of the parents of the ill children was significantly lower than that of the parents of the controls (PedsQL total scores in mothers 66.84±14.78 vs 76.17±14.65 and in fathers 68.86±16.35 vs 81.74±12.89, respectively. The mothers of the IBD adolescents were significantly more anxious (BAI scores 9.50±10.38 vs 5.26±4.75 and the fathers more depressed (BDI-II scores 7.23±6.50 vs 3.64±3.51 than the parents of the controls, but there was no difference in the levels of anxiety or depression between the IBD adolescents and the controls. The positive parental style of both the parents of the children suffering from

  9. Style features of recoding the personal life-story in autobiographical memory as a result of intra-familial transmission

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alyusheva A.R.

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available We studied the stylistic features of autobiographical memory structure which can be significant for the understanding the sources of intrapersonal propensity for deviant behavior among young people. From the standpoint of the Vygotsky's theory we studied 102 "parent-teenager" dyads in order to examine the mechanisms of cultural determination of autobiographical memory macrostructure in context of reproducing the life scenarios. We differentiate the social influences of various levels on the formation of system characteristics of autobiographical memory, which constitute individual style of fixation personal stories of the past. We have found а stable family-reproduced indicators of autobiographical memories belonging to the "family life" scenario, these include the emotional profile of the memories of lives, the level of scenario (fixation of socially approved events; representation of memories of other people (social orientation. The low values of these indicators can be the risk factors for asocial behavior.

  10. Immigrant status and increased risk of heart failure: the role of hypertension and life-style risk factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Borné Yan

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Studies from Sweden have reported association between immigrant status and incidence of cardiovascular diseases. The nature of this relationship is unclear. We investigated the relationship between immigrant status and risk of heart failure (HF hospitalization in a population-based cohort, and to what extent this is mediated by hypertension and life-style risk factors. We also explored whether immigrant status was related to case-fatality after HF. Methods 26,559 subjects without history of myocardial infarction (MI, stroke or HF from the community-based Malmö Diet and Cancer (MDC cohort underwent a baseline examination during 1991-1996. Incidence of HF hospitalizations was monitored during a mean follow-up of 15 years. Results 3,129 (11.8% subjects were born outside Sweden. During follow-up, 764 subjects were hospitalized with HF as primary diagnosis, of whom 166 had an MI before or concurrent with the HF. After adjustment for potential confounding factors, the hazard ratios (HR for foreign-born were 1.37 (95% CI: 1.08-1.73, p = 0.009 compared to native Swedes, for HF without previous MI. The results were similar in a secondary analysis without censoring at incident MI. There was a significant interaction (p Conclusions Immigrant status was associated with long-term risk of HF hospitalization, independently of hypertension and several life-style risk factors. A significant interaction between WC and immigrant status on incident HF was observed.

  11. Violent Content in Television: Effect of Cognitive Style and Age in Mediating Children's Aggressive Responses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Sally A.

    A study was conducted to investigate the impact certain cognitive styles or structures have in mediating the influence of aggressive television on young boys. Ss were 143 white middle class boys: 36 were 5 1/2-year-old kindergarteners; 30 were 6 1/2-year-old first graders; 36 were 7 1/2-year-old second graders; and 41 were 8 1/2-year-old third…

  12. 医专女生原发性痛经与生活方式应对方式的关系探讨%The relationship among primary dysmenorrheal of female college students with life style and coping style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨小兵; 刘红云; 陈亚丽; 冯芙蓉; 许阳慧; 高溦薇; 兰渊琼

    2015-01-01

    ObjectiveTo provide a scientific basis for the differentiation and treatment of dysmenorrheal and menstrual health care work by analyzing that how life style and coping style influence college girls with primary dysmenorrheal.Methods1 180 random-chosen female students that from the same school were involved in this survey by questionnaires in 2013 December.According to the NRS score,all those girl were divided into 3 groups,which are mild, normal and serious,and analyzing different aspects,including the menstrual cycle,age of menarche,menstruation, pressure,emotion,living habits,diet,cold,motion,attitude,sleep etc. Results were analyzed by using F-test and T-test. Results1 047 valid questionnaires were returned.856 students are suffer the dysmenorrheal in varies degree,which takes 81.8%.Considering the lifestyle pressure,emotion,habits,cold,attitudes and quality of sleeping have significant effects;positive coping style also has the remarkable significance.Conclusions There is a relationship between primary dysmenorrheal and pressure,emotion,habits,cold,attitude and the quality of sleeping in daily life.In addition,positive coping style also has the remarkable significance.%目的:探讨医学专科学校女生原发性痛经与生活方式、应对方式的关系,为痛经辨证治疗和经期保健工作的开展提供科学依据。方法于2013年12月9日—20日采用自编问卷、数字评定量表(NRS)和特质应对方式问卷,通过整群随机取样对我校1180名在校女生进行调查,根据NRS评分,将所有对象分为轻痛组、中痛组和重痛组,在3组间进行月经周期、初潮年龄、经期、压力、情绪、生活习惯、饮食、生冷、运动、态度、睡眠等11个方面的对比。结果收回有效问卷1047份。其中不同程度痛经者856人,占81.8%。生活方式中对痛经的程度有显著影响的因素是压力、情绪、生活习惯、态度、睡眠等;积极的应对方式对痛经

  13. Relations among Maternal Parenting Style, Academic Competence, and Life Satisfaction in Chinese Early Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, Candice Y.-W.; McBride-Chang, Catherine; Lai, Beatrice P.-Y.

    2004-01-01

    The relations among maternal concern and restrictiveness, self-evaluated academic competence, and life satisfaction were explored in a short-term longitudinal study of 346 7th-grade students (126 males and 220 females) in Hong Kong. The authors found that perceived maternal concern, academic competence, and life satisfaction significantly declined…

  14. A Research on The Relation between the Healthy Life Style Behaviors and Self-Care Levels of the Students in Health and Social Programs of Vocational Collages

    OpenAIRE

    Ünalan, Demet; Şenol, Vesile; Ahmet ÖZTÜRK; Erkorkmaz, Ünal

    2007-01-01

    This study has been planned to determine the self-care agency and the behaviors of healthy-life-style of the students studying at both health and social vocational collages, to study the relations between these two, and to make the affecting factors clear. The mean point of the behaviors of healthy-life-style of the students who study on medical subjects is 118.46±21.38, and the mean point for the students of the social programs is 125.34±23.95. It has been found that th...

  15. Late-life brain volume: a life-course approach. The AGES-Reykjavik study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muller, Majon; Sigurdsson, Sigurdur; Kjartansson, Olafur; Gunnarsdottir, Ingibjorg; Thorsdottir, Inga; Harris, Tamara B; van Buchem, Mark; Gudnason, Vilmundur; Launer, Lenore J

    2016-05-01

    The "fetal-origins-of-adult-disease" hypothesis proposes that an unfavorable intrauterine environment, estimated from small birth size, may induce permanent changes in fetal organs, including the brain. These changes in combination with effects of (cardiovascular) exposures during adult life may condition the later risk of brain atrophy. We investigated the combined effect of small birth size and mid-life cardiovascular risk on late-life brain volumes. Archived birth records of weight and height were abstracted for 1348 participants of the age, gene/environment susceptibility-Reykjavik study (RS; 2002-2006) population-based cohort, who participated in the original cohort of the RS (baseline 1967). Mid-life cardiovascular risk factors (CVRF) were collected in the RS. As a part of the late-life age, gene/environment susceptibility-RS examination, a brain magnetic resonance imaging was acquired and from it, volumes of total brain, gray matter, white matter, and white matter lesions were estimated. Adjusting for intracranial volume, demographics, and education showed small birth size (low ponderal index [PI]) and increased mid-life cardiovascular risk had an additive effect on having smaller late-life brain volumes. Compared with the reference group (high PI/absence of mid-life CVRF), participants with lower PI/presence of mid-life CVRF (body mass index >25 kg/m(2), hypertension, diabetes, "ever smokers") had smaller total brain volume later in life; B (95% confidence interval) were -10.9 mL (-21.0 to -0.9), -10.9 mL (-20.4 to -1.4), -20.9 mL (-46.9 to 5.2), and -10.8 mL (-19.3 to -2.2), respectively. These results suggest that exposure to an unfavorable intrauterine environment contributes to the trajectory toward smaller brain volume, adding to the atrophy that may be associated with mid-life cardiovascular risk. PMID:27103521

  16. Welfare, Quality of Life, and Euthanasia of Aged Horses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGowan, Catherine M; Ireland, Joanne L

    2016-08-01

    Duration of ownership strengthens the human-horse bond, affecting decision-making about the horse's welfare, quality of life (QoL), and euthanasia. Most owners consider their geriatric horses to have good or excellent QoL; however, increasing age is negatively associated with QoL. Management factors are important. The most common reasons for euthanasia include musculoskeletal disorders or lameness, colic, and nonspecific chronic diseases. The decision to euthanize is difficult, so the advice of the veterinarian and QoL are important. This article focuses on the human-horse bond, assessment of QoL, reasons for euthanasia, and owner experiences of mortality. PMID:27449393

  17. Seroprevalence of Helicobacter pylori in dyspeptic patients and its relationship with HIV infection, ABO blood groups and life style in a university hospital, Northwest Ethiopia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Feleke Moges; Afework Kassu; Getahun Mengistu; Solomon Adugna; Berhanu Andualem; Takeshi Nishikawa; Fusao Ota

    2006-01-01

    AIM: To determine the prevalence of Helicobacter pylori (H pylori) among dyspeptic patients and to assess the relationship between H pylori infection, blood group, HIV infection and life style of the patients.METHODS: In a hospital-based cross-sectional study,patients attending Outpatient Department of University of Gondar Hospital were enrolled. Socio-demographic information was collected using questionnaires. Serum was analyzed for anti-H pylori IgG antibodies using a commercial kit. HIV serostatus was determined by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA). Blood grouping was performed by slide agglutination tests.RESULTS: A total of 215 dyspeptic patients were included in the study. One hundred and sixteen patients (54%) were females and 99 (46%) were males. Anti-H pylori IgG antibodies were detected in sera of 184 (85.6%) patients. The prevalence was significantly higher in patients aged 50 years and above. Twenty point five percent of the patients were found to be seropositive for HIV. No significant association was found between sex,ABO blood groups, consumption of spicy diets, socioeconomic status and seropositivity for H pylori. However,alcohol consumption was significantly associated with H pylori serology.CONCLUSION: The prevalence of H pylori infection is associated with a history of alcohol intake and older age.The effect of different diet, alcohol and socioeconomic status as risk factors for H pylori infection needs further study.

  18. Networks of Life: A Jungian reading about aging and death

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilzete Passos Magalhães

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available This work aims at proposing an approach of the stages of aging and dying within the individuation process, starting from the symbolic amplification of images of these phases of life in light of Analytical Psychology.  For the purpose of correlating these images with the stages of human development, particularly with the phases of the end of maturity and closing of the life cycle, a study on imagery and bibliography of aging and dying was conducted based on the theoretical framework of Analytical Psychology and of Post-Jungian authors. To that effect, the symbolic amplification of images taken from the plastic arts, literature, religion and mythology was made. The results of the study indicated that the death-related images bear a relationship with the individuation process, which points out to the need to explore this topic – which is a taboo in contemporary society – in a creative and significant manner; something that was synthesized by Jung himself in the expression “to die with life”.  

  19. The Role of Domain Satisfaction in Explaining the Paradoxical Association between Life Satisfaction and Age

    Science.gov (United States)

    McAdams, Kimberly K.; Lucas, Richard E.; Donnellan, M. Brent

    2012-01-01

    Although aging is associated with declines in many life domains, overall life satisfaction does not appear to decline sharply with age. One explanation for this paradoxical finding is that several life domains improve with age such that increases in certain domains balance the decreases in others. Because different issues are problematic at…

  20. The Crossover between Life Expectancies at Birth and at Age One

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Canudas-Romo, Vladimir; Becker, S

    2011-01-01

    The single most used demographic measure to describe population health is life expectancy at birth, but life expectancies at ages other than zero are also used in the study of human longevity. Our intuition tells us that the longest life expectancy is that of a newborn. However, historically......, the expectation of life at age one (e1) has exceeded the expectation of life at birth (e0). The crossover between e0 and e1 only occurred in the developed world in the second half of the twentieth century. Life tables for populations that have not achieved this crossing between life expectancy at birth and at age...... one are referred to here as imbalanced. This crossover occurs when infant mortality is equal to the inverse of life expectancy at age one. This simple relation between mortality at age zero and mortality after age one divides the world into countries that have achieved the crossover in life...

  1. Relationship Between Healthy Life Style and Work-Related Factors Among Call Center Workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loreta Gustainienė

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Health-related issues are becoming very popular both in the broad spheres of the society and in organizations. Taking care of employee health helps the employer with maintaining and improving organizational effectiveness. The aim of the study was to identify and assess the relationship between the Five-Factor Wellness Model and work-related factors such as interpersonal conflicts, organizational constraints, workload, work-family conflict, decision latitude, transformational leadership, psychological job characteristics and perceived organizational support. The subjects of the study were 177 employees of a call center. Healthy lifestyle was measured applying a Five-Factor Wellness questionnaire (Myers, Sweeney 2005b. Physical symptoms, interpersonal conflicts, organizational constraints and workload were measured using respective scales designed by Spector and Jex (2007. Decision latitude was measured employing Karasek (1985 questionnaire. Work-family conflict was measured referring to a subscale of negative work-home interaction (Geurts et al. 2005. A transformational leadership style was measured using General Scale of transformational leadership (Carless et al. 2000. Perceived organizational support was measured using a short version of Perceived Organizational Support scale (Eisenberger et al. 1986. Research findings show that healthy lifestyle as measured by the Five-Factor Wellness Model was predicted by lower work-family conflict, whereas physical symptoms - by marked work-family conflict, decision latitude and gender (female.

  2. Perceived Self-Efficacy and Coping Styles Related to Stressful Critical Life Events

    OpenAIRE

    Simonetta D'Amico; Assunta Marano; Maria Angela Geraci; Emanuele Legge

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The study examined the personal resources, Self-efficacy and Coping Strategies, in a sample of pre-adolescents who experienced an emotionally and socially critical event, such as the earthquake of the 6(th) of April 2009, related to age and gender. METHODS: 198 pre-adolescents, 84 girls and 114 boys (Age Mean 12 years), attending Secondary School in L'Aquila meso-seismic area. The emotional, behavioural and social capacities have been assessed with specific questionnaires administe...

  3. Self-esteem, coping styles, and quality of life in polish adolescents and young adults with unilateral cleft lip and palate

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pisula, E.; Lukowska, E.; Fudalej, P.S.

    2014-01-01

    Objectives : To evaluate self-esteem, coping styles, and health-related quality of life and their relationships in Polish adolescents and young adults with unilateral complete cleft lip and palate and related sex differences. Design and Participants : Self-report questionnaires measuring self-esteem

  4. The Developmental Origins of Cognitive Vulnerability to Depression: Temperament, Parenting, and Negative Life Events in Childhood as Contributors to Negative Cognitive Style

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mezulis, Amy H.; Hyde, Janet Shibley; Abramson, Lyn Y.

    2006-01-01

    Cognitive models of depression have been well supported with adults, but the developmental origins of cognitive vulnerability are not well understood. The authors hypothesized that temperament, parenting, and negative life events in childhood would contribute to the development of cognitive style, with withdrawal negativity and negative parental…

  5. Dealing with man-made trauma: the relationship between coping style, posttraumatic stress, and quality of life in resettled, traumatized refugees in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    I. Huijts; W.C. Kleijn; A.A.P. van Emmerik; A. Noordhof; A.J.M. Smith

    2012-01-01

    This study investigated the relationship between coping style, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, and quality of life in traumatized refugees (N = 335). Participants had resettled in the Netherlands on average 13 years prior and were referred to a Dutch clinic for the treatment of posttr

  6. Aging management review for license renewal and plant life management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    license renewal for 25 nuclear units by 2005. It is anticipated that over 90% of the 103 operating nuclear plants in the United States will pursue license renewal and seek an additional 20 years of operation. Some plants may pursue operation to 80 years or longer since the license renewal rule does not limit the operating life of a nuclear power plant. The estimated cost to prepare and process a license renewal application is approximately $10M to $15M, which includes NRC review fees. The NRC review for license renewal is strictly a safety review and plant economics is not a consideration. However, economics will drive the decision to pursue license renewal for U.S. nuclear power plants. For nuclear units with strong performance records, license renewal is a good business decision when compared to the cost of building new generating capacity. The license renewal rule focuses on ageing of passive long-lived components and ageing management programs that manage those structures and components. Ninety to ninety-five percent of the ageing management programs credited in a plant license renewal application are existing programs (e.g., ASME Section XI, Chemistry Control Program, and Steam Generator Integrity). Typical examples of new programs required to manage ageing include reactor vessel internals, small bore Class 1 piping, Alloy 600, buried piping, and buried high voltage cable exposed to wetted environments. At present, there have been no commitments by any utility to replace components as a result of license renewal. After the NRC has approved a license renewal application, the credited ageing management programs (i.e., existing and new) become commitments for the remaining plant life. These commitments typically form the bases for a comprehensive plant life management program (PLIM). PLIM differs from license renewal in that it considers active and passive components as well as economics of plant operation and maintenance. Plants that have recently received renewed

  7. Evaluating Managerial Styles for System Development Life Cycle Stages to Ensure Software Project Success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kocherla, Showry

    2012-01-01

    Information technology (IT) projects are considered successful if they are completed on time, within budget, and within scope. Even though, the required tools and methodologies are in place, IT projects continue to fail at a higher rate. Current literature lacks explanation for success within the stages of system development life-cycle (SDLC) such…

  8. Ageing, Health and Life Satisfaction of the Oldest Old: An Analysis for Germany

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gwozdz, Wencke; Sousa-Poza, Alfonso

    2010-01-01

    This analysis uses data from the German Socio-Economic Panel and the Survey on Health, Ageing and Retirement in Europe to assess the effect of ageing and health on the life satisfaction of the oldest old (defined as 75 and older). We observe a U-shaped relationship between age and levels of life satisfaction for individuals aged between 16 and 65.…

  9. The crossover between life expectancies at birth and at age one: The imbalance in the life table

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Canudas-Romo

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The single most used demographic measure to describe population health is life expectancy at birth, but life expectancies at ages other than zero are also used in the study of human longevity. Our intuition tells us that the longest life expectancy is that of a newborn. However, historically, the expectation of life at age one (e1 has exceeded the expectation of life at birth (e0. The crossover between e0 and e1 only occurred in the developed world in the second half of the twentieth century. Life tables for populations that have not achieved this crossing between life expectancy at birth and at age one are referred to here as imbalanced. This crossover occurs when infant mortality is equal to the inverse of life expectancy at age one. This simple relation between mortality at age zero and mortality after age one divides the world into countries that have achieved the crossover in life expectancies and those that have not. It is a within-population comparison of mortality at infancy and after age one. However, results of these within-population comparisons can be used for comparison between populations. For countries that have already achieved this crossing in life expectancies, the sex differential in the timing of the crossing is marked: Females attain the crossing before males for every single population and in some cases by up to 18 years earlier. However, for most developing countries, life expectancy at age one is still higher than life expectancy at birth, in some cases by several years. Subpopulation comparisons for the US show how black Americans are near to transitioning out of the imbalanced life table situation while the white population has already done so.

  10. Consumers’ Life Style, Social Identity and Consumption Practices in the Context of Communities of Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayla Ozhan Dedeoglu

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Social networks on Internet cannot be regarded as media environments simply; they are discursive environments, where individuals actively commune and construct their identities. The present study represents an attempt to analyze the role of virtual communities of practice play in members’ identity, lifestyle and consumption practices. It is also aimed to find out how member types differ from each other in terms of their commitment to the community, identity, lifestyle and consumption. A survey was conducted with members Bilincli Hippiler Toplulugu, a virtual “community of practice”. The findings reveal that life projects, meanings and practices that are produced and consumed in the context of the researched virtual community are sited in central consumption context of, specifically, core and active members, and have identity construction and authorization functions in members’ life trajectories. These findings poses that although virtual communities did not take attention in Turkey, they get importance in analyzing consumer behavior with its effects on consumption practices.

  11. Prospective studies of hormonal and life-style related factors and risk of cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Wirén, Sara

    2014-01-01

    Background: Androgens are important in prostate cancer development but how circulating levels of androgens affect risk of prostate cancer of different aggressiveness is not clear. Being childless has been associated with a lower risk of prostate cancer, but it is not clear if this association is causal or a result of residual confounding. Fathering of dizygotic twins, a marker of high fertility, has not been studied in relation to risk of prostate cancer. Another marker of life-long hormonal ...

  12. An analysis of linguistic styles by inferred age in tv dramas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Chang H; Park, Jongmin; Seo, Young Seok

    2006-10-01

    A language analysis program, Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC), was successful in identifying various psychological variables. This study investigated the relationship between spoken language and age inferred from drama scripts of 162 characters, analyzed by the Korean-LIWC across 4 age categories (10-19, 20-39, 40-59, and 60-79 years). Analysis indicated that younger characters use fewer phrases, morphemes, nouns, auxiliary words, and adverbs than older characters, suggesting less cognitive development of younger characters. In addition, younger characters used less positive words for emotion and achievement than older characters. These data appear contrary to the negative stereotypes of aging people. PMID:17153803

  13. Life Event Types and Attributional Styles as Predictors of Depression in the Elderly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patrick, Linda F.; Moore, Janet S.

    The reformulated learned helplessness model for the prediction of depression has been investigated extensively in young adults. Results have linked attributions made to undesirable, controllable events to depression in this age group. This reformulated model was investigated in 97 elderly women and was contrasted to the original learned…

  14. Aging and Hearing Health: The Life-course Approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Adrian; McMahon, Catherine M; Pichora-Fuller, Kathleen M; Russ, Shirley; Lin, Frank; Olusanya, Bolajoko O; Chadha, Shelly; Tremblay, Kelly L

    2016-04-01

    Sensory abilities decline with age. More than 5% of the world's population, approximately 360 million people, have disabling hearing loss. In adults, disabling hearing loss is defined by thresholds greater than 40 dBHL in the better hearing ear.Hearing disability is an important issue in geriatric medicine because it is associated with numerous health issues, including accelerated cognitive decline, depression, increased risk of dementia, poorer balance, falls, hospitalizations, and early mortality. There are also social implications, such as reduced communication function, social isolation, loss of autonomy, impaired driving ability, and financial decline. Furthermore, the onset of hearing loss is gradual and subtle, first affecting the detection of high-pitched sounds and with difficulty understanding speech in noisy but not in quiet environments. Consequently, delays in recognizing and seeking help for hearing difficulties are common. Age-related hearing loss has no known cure, and technologies (hearing aids, cochlear implants, and assistive devices) improve thresholds but do not restore hearing to normal. Therefore, health care for persons with hearing loss and people within their communication circles requires education and counseling (e.g., increasing knowledge, changing attitudes, and reducing stigma), behavior change (e.g., adapting communication strategies), and environmental modifications (e.g., reducing noise). In this article, we consider the causes, consequences, and magnitude of hearing loss from a life-course perspective. We examine the concept of "hearing health," how to achieve it, and implications for policy and practice. PMID:26994265

  15. Multilingualism and later life: a sociolinguistic perspective on age and aging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Divita, David

    2014-08-01

    In this paper, I contribute to subjective accounts of aging by focusing on a population that has been largely overlooked in social gerontology: individuals in later life who are multilingual. How do such individuals experience and make sense of their multilingualism? What role does language play in the way they experience and make sense of their lives? To answer these questions I take a life story approach to three women who experienced similar sociohistorical circumstances but arrived at different linguistic outcomes: born in Spain around the time of the civil war (1936-1939), they migrated to Paris in the 1960s to pursue social and economic mobility. Although they arrived in France as monolingual Spanish speakers, they have since acquired French and now practice their multilingualism in distinct ways. I juxtapose their life stories to illustrate how the acquisition and use of language are informed by a confluence of personal, social, and historical factors. Focusing on the linguistic dimension of the life course I thus introduce a new perspective on the heterogeneity obtained among individuals at this stage of their biographical trajectories.

  16. Perceived Self-Efficacy and Coping Styles Related to Stressful Critical Life Events

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Amico, Simonetta; Marano, Assunta; Geraci, Maria Angela; Legge, Emanuele

    2013-01-01

    Objective The study examined the personal resources, Self-efficacy and Coping Strategies, in a sample of pre-adolescents who experienced an emotionally and socially critical event, such as the earthquake of the 6th of April 2009, related to age and gender. Methods 198 pre-adolescents, 84 girls and 114 boys (Age Mean 12 years), attending Secondary School in L'Aquila meso-seismic area. The emotional, behavioural and social capacities have been assessed with specific questionnaires administered collectively ten months after the earthquake. Results Multidimensional analyses produced differentiated profiles according to gender and age: self-efficacy-perception and coping strategy profiles, based on quartiles calculations, revealed the difficulties of the subjects in estimating their ability to cope with the world of relations and emotions after the critical event. Conclusions The intervention could be specific to the cognitive, emotional and relational state of children and adolescents and differentiated before (prevention), during (intervention) and after the event (intervention and prevention). PMID:23874429

  17. Perceived self-efficacy and coping styles related to stressful critical life events.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simonetta D'Amico

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: The study examined the personal resources, Self-efficacy and Coping Strategies, in a sample of pre-adolescents who experienced an emotionally and socially critical event, such as the earthquake of the 6(th of April 2009, related to age and gender. METHODS: 198 pre-adolescents, 84 girls and 114 boys (Age Mean 12 years, attending Secondary School in L'Aquila meso-seismic area. The emotional, behavioural and social capacities have been assessed with specific questionnaires administered collectively ten months after the earthquake. RESULTS: Multidimensional analyses produced differentiated profiles according to gender and age: self-efficacy-perception and coping strategy profiles, based on quartiles calculations, revealed the difficulties of the subjects in estimating their ability to cope with the world of relations and emotions after the critical event. CONCLUSIONS: The intervention could be specific to the cognitive, emotional and relational state of children and adolescents and differentiated before (prevention, during (intervention and after the event (intervention and prevention.

  18. A STUDY OF RISK FACTOR SCORE OF LIFE-STYLE DISEASES AMONG THE STAFF OF A PRIVATE MEDICAL COLLEGE OF JAIPUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anjali

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: With the changing lifestyles and dietary habits, the health of the world is now dominated by non-communicable diseases such as diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular diseases and cancer. These are commonly linked to risk factors associated with the life style of an individual like tobacco use, unhealthy diet, physical inactivity, obesity, high blood pressure. These diseases can be modified by just adopting healthy lifestyle habits. STUDY OBJECTIVE: To assess the risk factors score (tobacco, alcohol, diet, physical activity, BMI, blood pressure, etc. of non-communicable diseases in the staff of a private medical college of Jaipur. STUDY DESIGN: Hospital-based Cross-sectional study. SETTING: A private medical college of Jaipur district. Sample Population: Staff members including all the doctors, nurses, laboratory technicians and class three workers were interviewed using the pre-designed schedule. DURATION OF STUDY: 2 months (July – September, 2010. RESULTS: Of all the risk factors the maximum (i.e. 37 respondents (20.5% had 4 risk factors. In the 40-49 yrs age group majority of respondents (i.e. 18 and 18 had the risk factor score of 4 and 5, in 50-59 years, majority (i.e. 12 respondents had 4 and in ≥60 yrs majority (i.e. 8 respondents had 7 risk factors.

  19. Life style and nutritional status in university students: a descriptive, cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Córdoba Adaya

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Lifestyle is the set of behaviors that an individual practices consciously and voluntarily in the course of his or her life. The assessment of nutritional status by anthropometry can lead to the adoption of preventive measures for health. This is especially important in young people, as many authors have noted that the university population is particularly vulnerable for risky customs and habits. Aim. The purpose of this study is to assess and relate lifestyle with nutritional status of university students. Design. Observational descriptive, cross-sectional. Nutritional status was evaluated and the FANTASTIC questionnaire was applied. Results. 88.1% of students have a healthy lifestyle and 65% were classified as normal according to body mass index. Conclusion. The study found that there is a relationship between lifestyle and nutritional status. On the other hand risk behaviors were identified in the dimensions of nutrition, tobacco smoking, sleep and stress.

  20. Gifted Students' Perceptions of Parenting Styles: Associations with Cognitive Ability, Sex, Race, and Age

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rudasill, Kathleen Moritz; Adelson, Jill L.; Callahan, Carolyn M.; Houlihan, Deanna Vogt; Keizer, Benjamin M.

    2013-01-01

    Children whose parents are warm and responsive yet also set limits and have reasonable expectations for their children tend to have better outcomes than their peers whose parents show less warmth and responsiveness, have low expectations, or both. Parenting behavior is related to family race and children's sex, age, and cognitive ability. However,…

  1. 26 CFR 1.7702-2 - Attained age of the insured under a life insurance contract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... age of the insured under a life insurance contract. (a) In general. This section provides guidance on determining the attained age of an insured under a contract that is a life insurance contract under the... second of the two insureds dies. (ii) Section 1.7702-2(c)(1) provides that if a life insurance...

  2. Differential effects of mental and physical health and coping style on work ability: a 1-year follow-up study among aging workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vijfeijke, H. van de; Leijten, F.R.; Ybema, J.F.; Heuvel, S.G. van den; Robroek, S.J.; Beek, A.J. van der; Burdorf, A.; Taris, T.W.

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: This study examines whether mental and physical health relate differently to work ability and whether these associations vary with coping style. METHODS: A 1-year longitudinal study was conducted among 8842 employees aged 45 to 64 years from the Study on Transitions in Employment, Ability

  3. The long-term effect of a population-based life-style intervention on smoking and alcohol consumption

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baumann, Sophie; Toft, Ulla Marie Nørgaard; Aadahl, Mette;

    2015-01-01

    AIMS: To examine whether improvements in smoking and alcohol consumption throughout the 5-year course of a population-based multi-factorial life-style intervention were sustained 5 years after its discontinuation. DESIGN: Population-based randomized controlled trial. SETTING: Suburbs of Copenhagen......; participants at high risk of ischaemic heart disease-according to pre-specified criteria-were also offered group-based counselling. MEASUREMENTS: Self-reported point abstinence from smoking as well as changes in the average alcohol consumption per week and binge drinking in the past week from baseline to 10......-year follow-up were investigated using random-effects modelling. FINDINGS: At 10-year follow up, people in the intervention group reported a higher smoking abstinence rate [odds ratio (OR) = 1.84, 95% confidence interval (CI) = 1.02-3.33, P = 0.043] and a greater reduction in binge drinking (net change...

  4. Faster Increases in Human Life Expectancy Could Lead to Slower Population Aging

    OpenAIRE

    Sanderson, Warren C.; Scherbov, Sergei

    2015-01-01

    Counterintuitively, faster increases in human life expectancy could lead to slower population aging. The conventional view that faster increases in human life expectancy would lead to faster population aging is based on the assumption that people become old at a fixed chronological age. A preferable alternative is to base measures of aging on people’s time left to death, because this is more closely related to the characteristics that are associated with old age. Using this alternative interp...

  5. Faster increases in human life expectancy could lead to slower population aging

    OpenAIRE

    W.C. Sanderson; Scherbov, S.

    2015-01-01

    Counterintuitively, faster increases in human life expectancy could lead to slower population aging. The conventional view that faster increases in human life expectancy would lead to faster population aging is based on the assumption that people become old at a fixed chronological age. A preferable alternative is to base measures of aging on people's time left to death, because this is more closely related to the characteristics that are associated with old age. Using this alternative interp...

  6. "Life Stage-Specific" Variations in Performance in Response to Age Stereotypes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hehman, Jessica A.; Bugental, Daphne Blunt

    2013-01-01

    In a test of life stage-specific responses to age-based stigma, older (n = 54, ages 62-92) and younger (n = 81, ages 17-22) adults were told that a task (Weschler Adult Intelligence Scale-III block design) required either (a) speed/contemporary knowledge (YA; "youth advantage") or (b) life experience/wisdom (OA; "age…

  7. Thoughts on Strengthening the Life Style Construction of Leading Cadres%强化领导干部的生活作风建设

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯朝濮

    2014-01-01

    At present,a few leading cadres are having bad life style which has bad influence on the image and the future of the party.This has consequently lead to the wide spread of the four undesirable work styles and will hinge the development of the country.Therefore,we must attach great importance to the implementation of innovative measures,such as focus on three outlooks education and tamp the foundation of life;update the concept and carry forward the high-quality life;focus on the system construction,standardize and guide the healthy life style and so on,to further strengthen the construction of leading ca-dres'life style,thus change the resistance to the driving power.%当前少数领导干部生活作风不良,危及党的形象和命运,导致“四风暠的蔓延,成为发展的阻力。为此,我们必须高度重视并采取创新性举措,着力“三观暠教育,夯实人生之基;着力更新观念,弘扬优秀生活品格;着力制度建设,规范和引导良好的生活作风等等,进一步强化领导干部生活作风建设,变阻力为动力。

  8. EFFECTS OF PRACTICE OF PRANAYAMA ON CONTROL OF LIFE STYLE DISORDERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vijay Kumar

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: There has been an increasing interest in Pranayama breathing exercises which have been known to improve the quality of life. Present study was conducted to find out the effect of Bhastrika and Anulom Vilom Pranayam and Yogasana on heart rate variability, general well- being, and cognition and anxiety level of the medical students. METHODOLOGY: 100 medical students were randomly divided into two groups. One group performed Bhastrika and Anulom Vilom Pranayam and the second Surayanamaskar for six weeks. The subjects were made to fill in PGI memory scale, Hamilton- anxiety scale and psychological general well-being schedule and record of the heart rate variability parameters was done, before and after six weeks of pranayam practice. RESULTS: The results showed highly significant increase in-high frequency (HF components of heart rate variability and decrease in low frequency (LF components and LF/ HF in the group practicing pranayam. There was also highly significant improvement of cognition, general well-being and anxiety as shown by the PGI memory scale, Hamilton-anxiety scale and psychological general well-being schedule score in this group. In yogasana group no significant changes were observed in the heart rate variability, cognition and anxiety although psychological general well-being schedule score significantly improved after six weeks of practice of yogasana. CONCLUSION: The study shows that practice of slow breathing type of pranayam for six weeks improves cognition, anxiety and general well-being and increases the parasympathetic activity. Whereas there was no effect of the yogasana on the above parameters except improvements in the general well-being.

  9. Maternal and Paternal Parenting Styles in Adolescents: Associations with Self-Esteem, Depression and Life-Satisfaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milevsky, Avidan; Schlechter, Melissa; Netter, Sarah; Keehn, Danielle

    2007-01-01

    Our study examined variations in adolescent adjustment as a function of maternal and paternal parenting styles. Participants included 272 students in grades 9 and 11 from a public high school in a metropolitan area of the Northeastern US. Participants completed measures of maternal and paternal parenting styles and indices of psychological…

  10. Analysis of the life-style and dietary habits of a population of adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilio González-Jiménez

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The aims of this study were: (i to ascertain whether the nutritional status of a population of secondary school students had improved after an educational intervention; (ii to analyze whether students had adopted healthier eating and exercise habits after participating in a health education intervention; (iii to discover whether the students spent less time on sedentary leisure activities after the intervention. Sample and methodology: The population of the sample consisted of 138 adolescents, age range was between 14-19 years old: 67 males (48.6% and 71 females (51.4%. They were students at two public secondary schools in the city of Almería (Spain. In the first phase (15-30 september 2011 of this three-phase study, the nutritional status of the students was assessed by means of anthropometry. In the second phase (1 october 2012-15 june 2012, the students participated in an educational intervention that fomented awareness of the benefits derived from healthy eating habits and physical exercise. In the third and final phase (16-31 june 2012, the effectiveness of the intervention was evaluated. Results: After the intervention, statistically significant differences (p < 0.000 were found in relation to the nutritional status of all the students evaluated, regardless of their sex. In reference to the adoption of healthy habits after the intervention, statistical significant differences were observed in the Krece Plus test (p < 0.000 and in the practice of physical exercise (p = 0.006. In the case of sedentary leisure activities, there was also a statistically significant reduction (p < 0.000 in the number of hours spent watching television for both male and female subjects. Conclusion: The results of this study show the effectiveness of the contents, activities, and duration of this health education intervention to encourage the subjects to modify their dietary and exercise habits.

  11. WOMEN FACING HEAVY VAGINAL DISCHARGE (LEUCORRHEA BY VIRTUE OF UNHEALTHY LIFE STYLE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Somia Gul

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Leucorrhea also spelled leucorrhoea, flow of a whitish, yellowish, or greenish discharge from the vagina of the female that may be normal or that may be a sign of infection. It is mucous discharge which represents desquamation of vaginal epithelial cells because of the effects of estrogen on the vaginal mucosa. It is important to distinguish leucorrhea from pathologic discharge. Leucorrhea usually does not cause irritation but some adolescents worry that it may represent an infection. A total health building scheme is essential for the removal of the systemic toxicity which is primarily responsible for the disease Leucorrhoea. The study aimed to examine whether women presenting with a primary complaint of vaginal discharge is more likely to be normal or infectious. We have done a survey in women of Karachi (sample size n=200 and age group= 14-40 presented at clinics, hospitals, colleges and other different public places with and without a primary complaint of vaginal discharge. Survey was scrutinized using common language of General Health Questionnaire and general Interviews. Women presenting with a primary complaint of vaginal discharge were significantly more likely due to extreme fatigue, not performing healthy lifestyle (eating disorder, never exercise, sleeplessness, dirty environmental sanitation, during pregnancy, before and after normal menstrual cycle, a marker of poverty, and low social integration. It is a domain of gender disadvantage, psychosomatic and women who live under severe stress and worries develop leucorrhea were associated with vaginal discharge in the multivariate model. Pakistani women presenting with vaginal discharge by virtue of unhealthy lifestyle. This research highlights the need for training of medical professionals and council to maintain hygiene. A total health-building scheme is essential for the removal of the systemic toxicity which is primarily responsible for the disease leucorrhoea. Such a scheme should

  12. Prenatal and early life influences on epigenetic age in children

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simpkin, Andrew J; Hemani, Gibran; Suderman, Matthew;

    2016-01-01

    DNA methylation based biomarkers of aging are highly correlated with actual age. Departures of methylation-estimated age from actual age can be used to define epigenetic measures of child development or age acceleration in adults. Very little is known about genetic or environmental determinants...... of these epigenetic measures of aging. We obtained DNA methylation profiles using Infinium HumanMethylation450 BeadChips across five time points in 1018 mother-child pairs from the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children. Using the Horvath age estimation method, we calculated epigenetic age for these samples....... Age acceleration (AA) was defined as the residuals from regressing epigenetic age on actual age. AA was tested for associations with cross-sectional clinical variables in children. We identified associations between AA and sex, birth weight, birth by caesarean section and several maternal...

  13. Sex, Race, and Age Differences in Observed Years of Life, Healthy Life, and Able Life among Older Adults in The Cardiovascular Health Study

    OpenAIRE

    Thielke, Stephen M.; Diehr, Paula H.; Yee, Laura M.; Arnold, Alice M.; Quiñones, Ana R.; Whitson, Heather E.; Mini E. Jacob; Newman, Anne B.

    2015-01-01

    Objective: Longevity fails to account for health and functional status during aging. We sought to quantify differences in years of total life, years of healthy life, and years of able life among groups defined by age, sex, and race. Design: Primary analysis of a cohort study. Setting: 18 years of annual evaluations in four U.S. communities. Participants: 5888 men and women aged 65 and older. Measurements: Years of life were calculated as the time from enrollment to death or 18 years. Years of...

  14. Life interrupted and life regained? Coping with stroke at a young age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kerry Kuluski

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Stroke is a leading cause of disability across the developed world, affecting an increasing number of younger people. In this article, we seek to understand the experience of stroke as a disabling life situation among young people and the strategies that they use to recover and cope. Directed content analysis was conducted from interviews with 17 community-dwelling stroke survivors aged 55 years and younger across the United Kingdom. The sample was drawn from a larger maximum variation sample of stroke survivors. Using the sociological concepts of biographical disruption and biographical repair as a guide, excerpts from the interviews pertaining to aspects of the patients’ life that were interrupted, in addition to how they coped with the changes, were selected and analysed. All individuals described an “altered sense of self,” a theme that included loss of identity, family disruption, and/or loss of valued activities. Individuals sought to adapt their sense of self by seeking external support, by restoring normality, and/or through positive reflection. Despite the adapted self that emerged, most individuals continued to experience impairments. While young stroke survivors adapt to their illness over time, they continue to experience impairments and disruptions in their personal and work lives. A holistic model of rehabilitation that helps individuals regain the capacity for everyday activities related to work, family life, and leisure can begin to address the emotional ramifications of diseases such as stroke, restore wellness, and work towards minimizing the burden felt by family caregivers and children.

  15. Style in the Age of Instagram: Predicting Success within the Fashion Industry using Social Media

    CERN Document Server

    Park, Jaehyuk; Ferrara, Emilio

    2015-01-01

    Fashion is a multi-billion dollar industry with social and economic implications worldwide. To gain popularity, brands want to be represented by the top popular models. As new faces are selected using stringent (and often criticized) aesthetic criteria, \\emph{a priori} predictions are made difficult by information cascades and other fundamental trend-setting mechanisms. However, the increasing usage of social media within and without the industry may be affecting this traditional system. We therefore seek to understand the ingredients of success of fashion models in the age of Instagram. Combining data from a comprehensive online fashion database and the popular mobile image-sharing platform, we apply a machine learning framework to predict the tenure of a cohort of new faces for the 2015 Spring\\,/\\,Summer season throughout the subsequent 2015-16 Fall\\,/\\,Winter season. Our framework successfully predicts most of the new popular models who appeared in 2015. In particular, we find that a strong social media pr...

  16. Modeling old-age wealth with endogenous early-life outcomes: The case of Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeGraff, Deborah S; Wong, Rebeca

    2014-04-01

    This paper contributes to the literature on the life course and aging by examining the association between early-life outcomes and late-life well being, using data from the Mexican Health and Aging Study. Empirical research in this area has been challenged by the potential endogeneity of the early-life outcomes of interest, an issue which most studies ignore or downplay. Our contribution takes two forms: (1) we examine in detail the potential importance of two key life-cycle outcomes, age at marriage (a measure of family formation) and years of educational attainment (a measure of human capital investment) for old-age wealth, and (2) we illustrate the empirical value of past context variables that could help model the association between early-life outcomes and late-life well being. Our illustrative approach, matching macro-level historical policy and census variables to individual records to use as instruments in modeling the endogeneity of early-life behaviors, yields a statistically identified two-stage model of old-age wealth with minimum bias. We use simulations to show that the results for the model of wealth in old age are meaningfully different when comparing the approach that accounts for endogeneity with an approach that assumes exogeneity of early-life outcomes. Furthermore, our results suggest that in the Mexican case, models which ignore the potential endogeneity of early-life outcomes are likely to under-estimate the effects of such variables on old-age wealth. PMID:25170434

  17. The Evaluation of Multiple Sclerosis Dispersal in Iran and Its Association with Urbanization, Life Style and Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rouhullah DEHGHANI

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Multiple Sclerosis (MS is an autoimmune disease with unknown factor. The prevalence and incidence rate of this disease had an upward trend in many regions in the world such as Middle east and consequently in Iran over the recent years. As the risk factors of this increased trend and high-prevalence is unknown in Iran, the current study has been designed to evaluate the correlation between MS dispersal with urbanization, life style and industry, as an ecological research.Methods: This retrospective study was designed as an ecological approach in 2011. Data were collected from three databases by high precision (CI95% from national registry plans. The subjects of study were provinces of Iran (n=31. The linear regression was used to perform statistical analyses.Results: The obtained results indicated an ascendant trend of MS during the recent years, as the incidence of this dis-ease reached from 26.24/100000 (CI95% people in 2006 to 44.53/100000 (CI95% in 2011. There is a direct correla-tion (P<0.05 between the percentage of urbanization and the percentage of male smokers with the prevalence of MS in provinces.Conclusion: The role of smoking was more highlighted in this study as a probable factor in increasing risk and caus-ing MS disease. Urbanization could be introduced as an augmentative factor, but this is a combination of several com-plex factors that this effect must be appraised with smaller scale in other researches.

  18. Life-style factors associated with overweight and obesity among Spanish adults Estilos de vida asociados con sobrepeso y obesidad en adultos españoles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Rodríguez-Martín

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: To assess the relationship between life styles and eating habits with the overweight and obesity prevalencein a Spanish adult population. Methods: A population-based, cross-sectional study conducted on 2640 subjects older than 15 years, in Cádiz (Spain. Surveys were conducted in subjects' homes to obtain life styles, eating habits, and anthropometric data. Logistic regression has been used to study the associationbetween the life style variables and overweight and obesity. Results: Prevalence of overweight and obesity in Cadiz is 37% and 17%, respectively; higher in males and increases with age. BMI has an inverse relationship with educational level (PR = 2.3, 1.57-2.38. The highest levels of obesity are associated with daily alcohol consumption (PR = 1.39, 1.29-1.50, greater consumption of television,and sedentary pursuit (PR 1.5, 1.07-1.24. A lower prevalence of obesity is observed among those with active physical activity (10.9% vs 21.6%, with differences between sex. Following a slimming diet is more frequent in the obese and in women but dedicate more hours than men to passive activities. In men is greater the consumption of alcohol, high energy foods and snacks. Overweight and obesity is associated with the male sex (OR = 3.35 2.75-4.07, high consumption of alcohol (OR = 1.38 1.03-1.86 and watching television (OR = 1.52 1.11-2.07, and foods likes bread and cereals (OR = 1.47 1.13-1.91. Exercise activities is a protective factor (OR = 0.76 0.63-0.98. Conclusions: Life styles factors associated with overweight and obesity present different patterns in men and women and is necessary to understand them to identify areas for behavioural intervention in overweight and obesity patients.Objetivo: Valorar la relación existente entre estilos de vida y hábitos alimentarios con la prevalencia de sobrepeso y obesidad en una población adulta española. Método: Estudio transversal de base poblacional realizado en 2.640 adultos mayores de

  19. Leadership Styles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mazzarella, Jo Ann; Smith, Stuart C.

    Chapter 2 of a revised volume on school leadership, this chapter reviews theories of leadership style--the way a leader leads. Although most experts agree that leadership style is important, they disagree concerning style components, leaders' capabilities for changing styles, the effects of personality traits on style, and the desirability of…

  20. Responsible conduct by life scientists in an age of terrorism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atlas, Ronald M

    2009-09-01

    The potential for dual use of research in the life sciences to be misused for harm raises a range of problems for the scientific community and policy makers. Various legal and ethical strategies are being implemented to reduce the threat of the misuse of research and knowledge in the life sciences by establishing a culture of responsible conduct. PMID:19421897

  1. Correlation research on life style, work pressure, quality of life of nurse in department of thoracic surgery%胸外科护士生活方式及其与工作压力、生活质量的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张艳燕; 陈宁

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate correlation of life style,work pressure,quality of life of nurse in department of thoracic surgery.Methods 61 nurses in Department of Thoracic Surgery of General Hospital of PLA from January 2009 to December 2010 were selected and divided according to age,night shift,technical post.All the nurses were investigated by general questionnaire,lifestyle questionnaire,job stressors scale,living quality measuring scale.Data was analyzed by software SPSS 16.0; correlation of life style,work pressure,quality of life was analyzed by Pearson correlation analysis.Results According to sequence in ≤ 30 years,>30-40 years,>40 years,life style score and quality of life score increased significantly,while work pressure score decreased significantly; according to sequence without night work,with night work,life style score and quality of life score decreased significantly,while work pressure score increased significantly; according to sequence in deputy director nurse,charge nurse,nurse,life style score and quality of life score decreased significantly,while work pressure score increased significantly; the differences with each other were statistically significant (P < 0.05).Negative correlation was found between life style and work pressure in each index (P < 0.05).Positive correlation was found between life style and quality of life in each index (P < 0.05).Conclusion Life style of nurses in department of thoracic surgery is better,quality of life is higher,working pressure is lower.Life style and work pressure have negative relation.Life style and quality of life have positive relation.%目的 探讨胸外科护士生活方式及其与工作压力、生活质量的相关性.方法 选取2009年1月~2010年12月在解放军总医院胸外科护士61名,按年龄、夜班情况、职称分类,分别行一般情况调查表、生活方式调查表、工作压力源量表、生活质量评定量表调查,数据资料运用SPSS 16.0软件进行

  2. General practitioners' knowledge and practice of complementary/alternative medicine and its relationship with life-styles: a population-based survey in Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Da Frè Monica

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The growing popularity of CAM among the public is coupled with an ongoing debate on its effectiveness, safety, and its implications on the reimbursement system. This issue is critically important for GPs, who have a "gatekeeping" role with respect to health care expenditure. GPs must be aware of medications' uses, limitations and possible adverse effects. Our objective was to explore GPs' knowledge of CAM and patterns of recommendation and practice, as well as the relationship between such patterns and GPs' life-styles. Methods A cross-sectional study was conducted in Tuscany, a region of central Italy. One hundred percent female GPs (498 and a 60% random sample of male GPs (1310 practising in the region were contacted through a self-administered postal questionnaire followed by a postal reminder and telephone interview. Results Overall response rate was 82.1%. Most respondents (58% recommended CAM but a far smaller fraction (13% practised it; yet 36% of CAM practitioners had no certificated training. Being female, younger age, practising in larger communities, having had some training in CAM as well as following a vegetarian or macrobiotic diet and doing physical activity were independent predictors of CAM recommendation and practice. However, 42% of GPs did not recommend CAM to patients mostly because of the insufficient evidence of its effectiveness. Conclusion CAM knowledge among GPs is not as widespread as the public demand seems to require, and the scarce evidence of CAM effectiveness hinders its professional use among a considerable number of GPs. Sound research on CAM effectiveness is needed to guide physicians' behaviour, to safeguard patients' safety, and to assist policy-makers in planning regulations for CAM usage.

  3. Participation and Life Satisfaction in Aged People with Spinal Cord Injury : Does Age at Onset Make a Difference?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Post, Marcel W M; Reinhardt, Jan D

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Few studies have reported on outcomes in samples of elderly people with SCI and the impact of the age at onset of SCI is unclear. OBJECTIVE: To study levels of participation and life satisfaction in individuals with SCI aged 65 years or older and to analyze differences in participation a

  4. The Role of Social Relationships in Predicting Loneliness: The National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shiovitz-Ezra, Sharon; Leitsch, Sara A.

    2010-01-01

    The authors explore associations between objective and subjective social network characteristics and loneliness in later life, using data from the National Social Life, Health, and Aging Project, a nationally representative sample of individuals ages 57 to 85 in the United States. Hierarchical linear regression was used to examine the associations…

  5. Ageing and life-time management in nuclear power stations - concept and examples

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Knowledge, assessment and understanding of phenomena caused by ageing, together with systematic utilization and extension of the technical life-time of components and systems, are of critical importance to the safety and economy of electricity generation in nuclear power stations. Economic use can be optimized by integrated ageing and life-time management; it can also be used to improve performance characteristics. (orig.)

  6. Ageing in media: rethinking the studying of media use in later life

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Givskov, Cecilie

    characterized by chronological life phase and generational perspectives, to some extent influenced by medicalised images of old age where ageing after the 60s gets correlated with a loss of intellectual and creative resources, a decline of social life and physical health, and with regard to media, a lack...... to common sense understandings of the lifespan, of later life, and to the concept of ‘healthy ageing’. With its basis in life historical, phenomenological and discourse analytical perspectives and with a commitment to theory this type of research explores the meanings of ageing and their sources. From...

  7. Vegan and vegetarianism as a life styleYaşam tarzı olarak vegan ve vejetaryenlik

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Güzin Yasemin Tunçay Son

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Vegan and vegetarianism that becomes an increasing trend day by day is a life style and a life philosophy and a bioethical approach. The reason of choosing for being a vegan/ vegetarian differs according to people’s preferences. These may be; respecting for a living things’ life, taking an ethical position against exploitation of animals, reducing ecological damage, being healthy and religious purposes. Most people believe that the nature and animals just exist for the sake of them. Accordingly, people use and consume them with impunity. Human exploits animals to use them for different kinds of purposes he wishes. While some of them are cared and fed at home (like cats, dogs some of them are raised at farms for eating or to benefit from their products such as eggs and milk. There are also some other animals to be used for entertaining purposes in circuses or camel wrestling and bull fighting. There are also animals used for their abilities. A police dog can be given as an example. Police dogs are used for their powerful sense of smell that people have not. There have been some traditional practices that include some animals. Other two examples are turkeys being eaten at thanksgiving day and a ram decorated at the Festival of Sacrifice and sent to the fiancée‘s home. On the one hand it is observed that consuming meat of an animal has different meanings in terms of gender considerations. For example, eating meat is viewed as masculine behavior while eating vegetables is feminine. In addition, meat at advertisements is generally symbolized as a woman. These kinds of behaviors, attitudes, beliefs affect development of veganism/ vegetarianism positively or negatively. In this paper, veganism/vegetarianism is described as a life style. Özet Gün geçtikçe sayılarında artış olan vegan ve vejetaryenlik, bir yaşam tarzı, bir hayat felsefesi ve biyoetik bir yaklaşımdır. İnsanların vegan/vejetaryenliği seçme nedenleri farklılık g

  8. Is Aging in Place a Resource for or Risk to Life Satisfaction?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oswald, Frank; Jopp, Daniela; Rott, Christoph; Wahl, Hans-Werner

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: Given age-related health restrictions, the importance of the environment for life satisfaction may increase in later life. This study investigated whether objective and perceived physical and social environmental aspects of the home and of the surrounding neighborhood represent resources for or risks to life satisfaction among young-old…

  9. The Game of Late Life: A Novel Education Activity for the Psychology of Ageing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brinker, Jay K.; Roberts, Pamela; Radnidge, Belinda

    2014-01-01

    This article describes the development and evaluation of The Game of Late Life--a novel education activity for the psychology of ageing. The game was designed to provide transformational learning where students imagine themselves as older adults and move through late life via a game board, encountering various life events along the way. One of the…

  10. Parenting Style Transitions and Delinquency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schroeder, Ryan D.; Mowen, Thomas J.

    2014-01-01

    Parenting style has been extensively analyzed as a contributor to juvenile delinquency in the criminological literature, but no research to date has assessed the prevalence of parenting style changes during adolescence or the influence of such parenting style changes on juvenile delinquency. Drawing from the life course theory, the results show…

  11. Time-slice maps showing age, distribution, and style of deformation in Alaska north of 60° N.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Thomas E.; Box, Stephen E.

    2016-08-29

    The structural architecture of Alaska is the product of a complex history of tectonism that occurred along the Cordilleran and Arctic margins of North America through interactions with ancient and modern ocean plates and with continental elements derived from Laurentia, Siberia, and Baltica. To unravel the tectonic history of Alaska, we constructed maps showing the age, distribution, structural style, and kinematics of contractional and penetrative extensional deformation in Alaska north of latitude 60° N. at a scale of 1:5,000,000. These maps use the Geologic Map of the Arctic (Harrison and others, 2011) as a base map and follow the guidelines in the Tectonic Map of the Arctic project (Petrov and others, 2013) for construction, including use of the International Commission on Stratigraphy time scale (Cohen and others, 2013) divided into 20 time intervals. We find evidence for deformation in 14 of the 20 time intervals and present maps showing the known or probable extent of deformation for each time interval. Maps and descriptions of deformational style, age constraints, kinematics, and information sources for each deformational episode are discussed in the text and are reported in tabular form. This report also contains maps showing the lithologies and structural geology of Alaska, a terrane map, and the distribution of tectonically important units including post-tectonic sedimentary basins, accretionary complexes, ophiolites, metamorphic rocks.These new maps show that most deformational belts in Alaska are relatively young features, having developed during the late Mesozoic and Cenozoic. The oldest episode of deformation recognized anywhere in Alaska is found in the basement of the Farewell terrane (~1.75 Ga). Paleozoic and early Mesozoic deformational events, including Devonian deformation in the Arctic Alaska terrane, Pennsylvanian deformation in the Alexander terrane, Permian deformation in the Yukon Composite (Klondike orogeny) and Farewell terranes (Browns

  12. Correlates of appearance and weight satisfaction in a U.S. National Sample: Personality, attachment style, television viewing, self-esteem, and life satisfaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frederick, David A; Sandhu, Gaganjyot; Morse, Patrick J; Swami, Viren

    2016-06-01

    We examined the prevalence and correlates of satisfaction with appearance and weight. Participants (N=12,176) completed an online survey posted on the NBCNews.com and Today.com websites. Few men and women were very to extremely dissatisfied with their physical appearances (6%; 9%), but feeling very to extremely dissatisfied with weight was more common (15%; 20%). Only about one-fourth of men and women felt very to extremely satisfied with their appearances (28%; 26%) and weights (24%; 20%). Men and women with higher body masses reported higher appearance and weight dissatisfaction. Dissatisfied people had higher Neuroticism, more preoccupied and fearful attachment styles, and spent more hours watching television. In contrast, satisfied people had higher Openness, Conscientious, and Extraversion, were more secure in attachment style, and had higher self-esteem and life satisfaction. These findings highlight the high prevalence of body dissatisfaction and the factors linked to dissatisfaction among U.S. adults. PMID:27172812

  13. Octopus life history relative to age, in a multi-geared developmental fishery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leporati, S.C.; Hart, A.M.; Larsen, R.; Franken, L.E.; Graaf, de M.

    2015-01-01

    The ability to obtain broad-scale age information for an exploited octopus population enables the identification of essential life history information, such as age at maturity, recruitment pulses and seasonal effects on growth. This study uses stylet weight (reduced internal shell) as a proxy to age

  14. Methodology for designing accelerated aging tests for predicting life of photovoltaic arrays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaines, G. B.; Thomas, R. E.; Derringer, G. C.; Kistler, C. W.; Bigg, D. M.; Carmichael, D. C.

    1977-01-01

    A methodology for designing aging tests in which life prediction was paramount was developed. The methodology builds upon experience with regard to aging behavior in those material classes which are expected to be utilized as encapsulant elements, viz., glasses and polymers, and upon experience with the design of aging tests. The experiences were reviewed, and results are discussed in detail.

  15. Life-History Related Differences in Possible Selves in Very Old Age

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoppmann, Christiane; Smith, Jacqui

    2007-01-01

    The impact of early life events that take place under specific historical and societal circumstances on adult development have rarely been investigated in old age. We examined whether having started a family in young adulthood was related to the contents of possible selves generated by women aged 85 to 100+ in the Berlin Aging Study (N = 129; M…

  16. Potential Gains in Reproductive-Aged Life Expectancy by Eliminating Maternal Mortality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Canudas-Romo, Vladimir; Liu, L; Zimmerman, L;

    2014-01-01

    Objective: We assessed the change over time in the contribution of maternal mortality to a life expectancy calculated between ages 15 and 49, or Reproductive-Aged Life Expectancy (RALE). Our goal was to estimate the increase in RALE in developed countries over the twentieth century...... and the hypothetical gains in African countries today by eliminating maternal mortality. Methods: Analogous to life expectancy, RALE is calculated from a life table of ages 15 to 49. Specifically, RALE is the average number of years that women at age 15 would be expected to live between 15 and 49 with current...... mortality rates. Associated single decrement life tables of causes of death other than maternal mortality are explored to assess the possible gains in RALE by reducing or eliminating maternal mortality. We used population-based data from the Human Mortality Database and the Demographic and Health Surveys...

  17. Age-specific contributions to changes in the period and cohort life expectancy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Canudas-Romo, Vladimir; Schoen, Robert

    2005-01-01

    Period life expectancy has increased more slowly than its cohort counterpart. This paper explores the differences between life expectancies at a given time (the gap) and the time required for period life expectancy to reach the current level of cohort life expectancy (the lag). Additionally......, to understand the disparity between the two life expectancies we identify and compare age-specific contributions to change in life expectancy. Using mortality models and historical data for Sweden, we examine the effect of mortality changes over time. Our results indicate that the widening of the gap between...... the two life expectancies is primarily a consequence of the dramatic mortality decline at older ages that occurred during the twentieth century. These results imply that the divergence between the two measures is likely to become even greater in the future as reductions in deaths are concentrated at older...

  18. LIFE EVENTS WITH STRESSFUL EFFECT ON PATIENTS WITH SCHIZOPHRENIA ACCORDING TO THE SEX AND AGE.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilia Nikolova

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available According to the literature life events with stressful effect are significant both for initiation and progress of the schizophrenia. Having this in mind we set our aim to be investigating the relationship between life events (considered as stressful, sex and age trough questioning 50 patients with paranoid schizophrenia. The results of our study showed presence of correlation between some of the studied life events, assessed as stressful. The analysis of the data revealed that both sex and age are influencing the assessment of the significance of the life events and “increases” their importance both for women and men.

  19. Early life soy exposure and age at menarche

    OpenAIRE

    Adgent, Margaret; Daniels, Julie; Rogan, Walter; Adair, Linda; Edwards, Lloyd; Westreich, Daniel; Maisonet, Mildred; Marcus, Michele

    2011-01-01

    This study examines the timing of menarche in relation to infant feeding methods, specifically addressing the potential effects of soy isoflavone exposure through soy-based infant feeding. Subjects were participants in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children (ALSPAC). Mothers were enrolled during pregnancy and their children have been followed prospectively. Early life feeding regimes, categorized as primarily breast, early formula, early soy, and late soy were defined using infan...

  20. Learning styles of Chinese and Dutch students compared within the context of Dutch higher education in life sciences

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Biemans, H.J.A.; Mil, van M.

    2008-01-01

    This study investigated the extent to which the learning styles of Chinese students differ from those of Dutch students. The study was conducted within the context of Englishlanguage Bachelor of Science programmes thatWageningen University offers together with China Agricultural University to Dutch

  1. Conscientiousness, health, and aging: the life course of personality model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanahan, Michael J; Hill, Patrick L; Roberts, Brent W; Eccles, Jacquelynne; Friedman, Howard S

    2014-05-01

    The Conscientiousness (C) of the self and significant others influences health by way of mediational chains involving socioeconomic attainment, the avoidance and neutralization of stressors, the promotion of health behaviors and the minimization of risk behaviors, and the management of symptoms and diseases. Yet, meta-analyses reveal that these associations are moderated by factors that are not well understood. We propose the Life Course of Personality Model (LCP Model), which comprises a series of hypotheses that suggest how such mediational chains are subject to 2 sources of contingency. First, the mechanisms by which C translates into health and the avoidance of risk change from early childhood to late adulthood, involving processes that are specific to phases of the life course; also, however, C influences health by way of continuous processes extending over many decades of life. Second, C may be more consequential in some social contexts than in others, and when accompanied by some constellations of personality characteristics than by others. That is, the mediational processes by which C translates into health and the avoidance of disease are likely moderated by timing, social context (including the C of others), and other aspects of the individual's personality. We consider methodological implications of the LCP Model. PMID:23244406

  2. Exercise at different ages and appendicular lean mass and strength in later life: results from the Berlin Aging Study II

    OpenAIRE

    Eibich, P.; Buchmann, N.; Kroh, M.; Wagner, GG; Steinhagen-Thiessen, E; Demuth, I.; Norman, K

    2016-01-01

    Excessive loss of muscle mass in advanced age is a major risk factor for decreased physical ability and falls. Physical activity and exercise training are typically recommended to maintain muscle mass and prevent weakness. How exercise in different stages of life relates to muscle mass, grip strength, and risk for weakness in later life is not well understood.Baseline data on 891 participants at least 60 years old from the Berlin Aging Study II (BASE-II) were analyzed. Linear and logistic reg...

  3. Diversity of ageing across the tree of life

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jones, Owen; Scheuerlein, Alexander; Salguero-Gómez, Roberto;

    2014-01-01

    predicted that evolution should inevitably lead to increasing mortality and declining fertility with age after maturity, there is great variation among these species, including increasing, constant, decreasing, humped and bowed trajectories for both long- and short-lived species. This diversity challenges...

  4. Late-life anxiety is coming of age

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beekman, A.T.; Oude Voshaar, R.C.; Pachana, N.A.

    2015-01-01

    Anxiety is an adaptive human experience that may occur at all ages and serves to help draw attention to, avoid or cope with immanent threat and danger. Given its evolutionary importance, it has strong genetic and biological underpinnings, and when it serves that adaptive function for the organism, a

  5. Modulating aging and longevity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rattan, Suresh

    Provides information and an evaluation of a variety of approaches tried for modulating aging and longevity, including dietary supplementation with antioxidants, vitamins and hormones, genetic engineering, life-style alterations, and hormesis through mild stress. After decades of systematic....... This book provides the most up-to-date information and a critical evaluation of a variety of approaches being tried for modulating aging and longevity, including dietary supplementation with antioxidants, vitamins and hormones, genetic engineering, life-style alterations, and hormesis through mild stress...

  6. Arts and ageing; life expectancy of historical artists in the Low Countries.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fereshta Mirzada

    Full Text Available Practising arts has been linked to lowering stress, anxiety and blood pressure. These mechanisms are all known to affect the ageing process. Therefore, we examine the relation between long-term involvement in arts and life expectancy at age 50 (LE50, in a cohort of 12,159 male acoustic, literary and visual artists, who were born between 1700 and 1899 in the Low Countries. We compared the life expectancy at age 50 of the various artists with the elite and middle class of that time. In the birth cohorts before 1850, acoustic (LE50:14.5-19.5 and literary artists (LE50:17.8-20.8 had a similar life expectancy at age 50 compared to the elite (LE50:18.0-19.0. Only visual artists (LE50:15.5-17.1 had a lower life expectancy at age 50 compared to the elite at that time. For the most recent birth cohorts from 1850 through 1899, the comparison between artists and the elite reversed and acoustic and literary artist had a lower life expectancy at age 50, while visual artists enjoyed a similar life expectancy at age 50. Although artists belonged to the middle socioeconomic class and lived predominantly in urban areas with poor living conditions, they had a life expectancy similar to the elite population. This is in line with observed favourable effects of practicing arts on health in the short-term. From our historical analysis, we hypothesize several mechanisms through which artistic creativity could influence the ageing process and life expectancy. These hypotheses, however, should be formally tested before any definite conclusions on effects of arts on ageing can be drawn.

  7. Coping styles in healthy individuals at risk of affective disorder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vinberg, Maj; Froekjaer, Vibe Gedsoe; Kessing, Lars Vedel

    2010-01-01

    Coping styles may influence the perceived life stress experienced by an individual and, therefore, also be critical in the development of affective disorders. This study examined whether familial risk of affective disorder is associated with the use of maladaptive coping styles, in healthy.......001) and Avoidance coping (p = 0.04) than individuals not at risk. Adjusted for gender, age, years of education, and recent stressful life events the high-risk individuals used more emotion-oriented coping (p = 0.03). In conclusion, maladaptive coping style may represent a trait marker for mood disorder improving...... maladaptive coping styles may be a target for selective prevention focusing on subgroups at high risk of developing an affective disorder....

  8. Karl pearson the scientific life in a statistical age

    CERN Document Server

    Porter, Theodore M

    2010-01-01

    Karl Pearson, founder of modern statistics, came to this field by way of passionate early studies of philosophy and cultural history as well as ether physics and graphical geometry. His faith in science grew out of a deeply moral quest, reflected also in his socialism and his efforts to find a new basis for relations between men and women. This biography recounts Pearson's extraordinary intellectual adventure and sheds new light on the inner life of science. Theodore Porter's intensely personal portrait of Pearson extends from religious crisis and sexual tensions to metaphysical and even m

  9. Nuclear power plant life extension: How aging affects performance of containments & other structures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Robert A Dameron; Sun Junling

    2013-01-01

    This paper focuses on how aging can affect performance of safety-related structures in nuclear power plant (NPP).Knowledge and assessment of impacts of aging on structures are essential to plant life extension analysis,especially performance to severe loadings such as loss-of-coolant-accidents or major seismic events.Plant life extension issues are of keen interest in countries (like the United States) which have a large,aging fleet of NPPs.This paper addresses the overlap and relationship of structure aging to severe loading performance,with particular emphasis on containment structures.

  10. Aging management and life assessment of buried commodities in nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    General field survey, inspection and life assessment were performed to establish effective aging management program of buried commodities in nuclear power plant. Basic informations on material characteristics, aging degradation experiences and maintenance history were gathered. Considering their degradation effects on power operation or safety, buried commodities were screened for the aging management priority. Various inspection techniques were applied in field survey and inspection, and their results were incorporated in the life assessment of buried commodities. In the aspect of aging degradation, general status of buried commodities were considered still sound while some revealed local degradation

  11. Related Research on Graduate Student Life Style and Mental Health%研究生生活方式与心理健康的相关研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张明明; 佘建华

    2012-01-01

    调查了解研究生生活方式现状以及与心理健康的关系,采用生活方式自评量表和自测心理健康评定量表,随机调查了114名研究生。研究表明,目前研究生的生活方式总体处于良好状态。从不同群体研究生生活方式特点看,存在性别差异,女研究生的生活方式总体上比男研究生好,尤其是在酒精和药物、饮食习惯、安全这3个维度上。不存在年级差异。研究生生活方式与心理健康水平呈正相关,即生活方式越健康的研究生,其心理健康水平越高。%Graduate student life style status and relation to mental health were investigated,and by the life way self-rating scale and self-testing mental health self-rating scale,114 graduate students were randomly investigated.The results indicate that the way of life of the graduate student overall was in good condition.Based on lifestyle characteristics from the different groups of graduate students,there are gender differences,the overall lifestyle of the female graduate students were better than male graduate students,especially in the three dimensions of alcohol and drugs,eating habits,safety.Grade difference did not exist.Graduate student life style and mental health levels were positively correlated,the healthier was the life way of the graduate student,the higher was the psychological health level.

  12. The happy survivor? Effects of differential mortality on life satisfaction in older age.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Segerstrom, Suzanne C; Combs, Hannah L; Winning, Ashley; Boehm, Julia K; Kubzansky, Laura D

    2016-06-01

    Older adults report higher psychological well-being than younger adults. Those highest in well-being also have the lowest risk of mortality. If those with lower well-being die earlier, it could affect the appearance of developmental change in well-being. In adults aged 50 and older (N = 4,458), we estimated effects of differential mortality on life satisfaction by imputing life satisfaction, adjusting for attrition due to death, or estimating life satisfaction using pattern-mixture modeling. There was an increase in life satisfaction with age; however, differential mortality affected the elevation of the curve. Observed life satisfaction, particularly above age 70, is affected by differential mortality. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:27294716

  13. The Association of Parenting Style and Child Age with Parental Limit Setting and Adolescent MySpace Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosen, Larry D.; Cheever, Nancy A.; Carrier, L. Mark

    2008-01-01

    Parent and teen MySpace user pairs completed online surveys administered in June (N = 266) and September 2006 (N = 341) to assess relationships between parenting styles and limit setting and monitoring of online behaviors, the prevalence of Internet dangers and pre-teen and teen MySpace behaviors. Cross-comparison measures of MySpace usage,…

  14. Age of Barrier Canyon-style rock art constrained by cross-cutting relations and luminescence dating techniques

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pederson, Joel L.; Chapot, Melissa S.; Simms, Steven R.;

    2014-01-01

    Rock art compels interest from both researchers and a broader public, inspiring many hypotheses about its cultural origin and meaning, but it is notoriously difficult to date numerically. Barrier Canyon-style (BCS) pictographs of the Colorado Plateau are among the most debated examples; hypotheses...

  15. Life-history variation and age at maturity in Eurasian Perch (Perca fluviatilis L.)

    OpenAIRE

    Heibo,Erik

    2003-01-01

    This thesis deals with life-history variation in perch, with special focus on age at maturity. We conducted field studies to uncover the variation within short geographic distances and a literature review to study variation on a large geographic scale in order to reveal some factors affecting life-history. In two studies we discuss the relevance of predation risk and acidification, respectively, on age at maturity. With data from a large scale study (75 perch populations) covering a large ran...

  16. Health and quality of life in an aging population - Food and beyond

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Giacalone, Davide; Wendin, Karin; Kremer, Stefanie; Frøst, Michael Bom; Bredie, Wender L.P.; Olsson, Viktoria; Otto, Marie H.; Skjoldborg, Signe; Lindberg, Ulla; Risvik, Einar

    2016-01-01

    In Europe the percentage of citizens aged 65 and over is increasing at an unprecedented rate, and is expected to account for over 30% of the population by 2050. Coupled with an increase in life expectancy, this massive demographic change calls for a major effort to ensure quality of life in our o

  17. Associations of Midlife to Late Life Fatigue With Physical Performance and Strength in Early Old Age

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mänty, Minna Regina; Kuh, Diana; Cooper, Rachel

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To examine associations of fatigue in midlife and later life with physical performance and strength in early old age. METHODS: Data on approximately 1800 men and women from the UK Medical Research Council National Survey of Health and Development with data on fatigue at ages 43 and 60...... to 64 years were used. Fatigue was defined as perceived tiredness and was assessed prospectively at ages 43 and 60 to 64 years. At both ages, participants were categorized as having no, occasional, or frequent fatigue. Physical performance and strength were measured at age 60 to 64 years using four...... life. These findings indicate that it is not just fatigue but fatigue sustained across adulthood that has implications for later life functioning....

  18. Procrastination, Distress and Life Satisfaction across the Age Range – A German Representative Community Study

    OpenAIRE

    Manfred E Beutel; Klein, Eva M.; Stefan Aufenanger; Elmar Brähler; Michael Dreier; Müller, Kai W; Oliver Quiring; Leonard Reinecke; Gabriele Schmutzer; Birgit Stark; Klaus Wölfling

    2016-01-01

    Addressing the lack of population-based data the purpose of this representative study was to assess procrastination and its associations with distress and life satisfaction across the life span. A representative German community sample (1,350 women; 1,177 men) between the ages of 14 and 95 years was examined by the short form of the General Procrastination Scale (GPS-K; 1) and standardized scales of perceived stress, depression, anxiety, fatigue and life satisfaction. As hypothesized, procras...

  19. Phytoseiid mites on unsprayed apple trees in Oregon, and other western states (USA): distributions, life-style types and relevance to commercial orchards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Croft, B A; Luh, H K

    2004-01-01

    a few sites in these four states. Distributional and independent variable data were used to predict species presence at sites in Oregon with a 70% success rate. We discuss phytoseiid life-style types, community dynamics, presence in organic/conventional orchards, and trends as more selective IPM methods are used in apple orchards. PMID:15560525

  20. [The development of mass physical culture and sports in the constituent entities of the Russian Federation as a factor of formation of the healthy life style].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kakorina, E P; Rudiakova, S E

    2011-01-01

    Provision of proper conditions for the creation of healthy life style is a priority of the state policy in this country with special attention given to the development of the mass physical culture and sports. The present paper contains information on the proportion of the population of the Russian Federation regularly engaged in physical culture and sports, provision of necessary sport facilities, and budgetary expenditures for the purpose in different constituent entities of the country. Public satisfaction with the conditions available for mass physical education and sports is discussed. Taking into account the low average life expectancy of the country's population and the increasing morbidity and traumaticity rates among the younger generation, it appears impossible to address the global challenge of improving the health of the nation without promotion of mass physical culture and sports and renewal of interest in these activities among the general population.

  1. 广告技术对当代生活方式的影响%The Impact of Advertising Technique on Modern Life Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈丽琴

    2011-01-01

    以媒体生活圈理论建构的广告传播技术系统,借助广告解码的零门槛技术、广告传播的多声部媒介,强化了对当代生活方式的影响,生成了当代生活方式的趋媒性特征。但作为一种社会控制、传播霸权的技术范式,广告技术又可能危害健康生活方式的建构。%It is found that advertising technique has both positive and negative impacts on human life. It is true that the technique leads to a media-oriented life style with the aid of free decoding and multi-media transmitting. However, advertising also unavoidab

  2. Reduced linoleic acid intake in early postnatal life improves metabolic outcomes in adult rodents following a Western-style diet challenge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oosting, Annemarie; Kegler, Diane; van de Heijning, Bert J M; Verkade, Henkjan J; van der Beek, Eline M

    2015-09-01

    The global increase in dietary n-6 polyunsaturated fatty acid (PUFA) intake has been suggested to contribute to the rise in obesity incidence. We hypothesized that reduced n-6 PUFA intake during early postnatal life improves adult body composition and metabolic phenotype upon a Western diet challenge. Male offspring of C57Bl/6j mice and Wistar rats were subjected to a control diet (CTRL; 3.16 En% linoleic acid [LA]) or a low n-6 PUFA diet (low LA; 1.36 En% LA) from postnatal days (PNs) 2 to 42. Subsequently, all animals were switched to a Western-style diet (2.54 En% LA) until PN98. We monitored body composition by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry and glucose homeostasis by an intravenous glucose and insulin tolerance test in rats and by the homeostasis model assessment of insulin resistance (HOMA-IR) in mice. At PN98, plasma lipids, glucose, insulin, and adipokines were measured and adipocyte number and size were analyzed. In mice, the postnatal low-LA diet decreased fat accumulation during the adult Western-style diet challenge (-27% compared with CTRL, P rats, the low-LA diet did not affect adult body composition, but decreased the number of retroperitoneal adipocytes and increased the number of large adipocytes. In conclusion, lowering dietary n-6 PUFA intake in early life protected against detrimental effects of an obesogenic diet in adulthood on metabolic homeostasis and fat mass accumulation. PMID:26239950

  3. Raising Competent Kids: The Authoritative Parenting Style. For Parents Particularly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ballantine, Jeanne

    2001-01-01

    Suggests that the authoritative parenting style without physical punishment produces more positive results and fewest children's problems. Identifies age-appropriate authoritative responses: demanding and responsive; controlling but not restrictive; high parent involvement; participating actively with child's life; communicating openly; following…

  4. Age, growth and size interact with stress to determine life span and mortality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roach, Deborah Ann

    2012-10-01

    Individuals in a large experimental field population, of the short-lived perennial species Plantago lanceolata, were followed to determine the sources of variation that influence mortality and life span. The design included multiple age groups with initially similar genetic structure, which made it possible to separate age effects from period effects and to identify the genetic component to variation in life span. During a period of stress, individuals of all ages showed parallel increases in mortality but different cohorts experienced this period of high mortality at different ages. This then influenced the distribution of life spans across cohorts. Age and size-age interactions influenced mortality during the period of stress. Smaller individuals died but only if they were old. Additionally, growth and age interacted with stress such that older individuals had negative growth and high mortality whereas younger individuals had positive growth and relatively lower mortality during stress. The results of this study show that it is not simply the environment that can have a major impact on demography in natural populations; rather, age, size and growth can interact with the environment to influence mortality and life span when the environment is stressful. PMID:22664575

  5. Quality of life for aging men and effects of Andro nutraceuticals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhang, H.; Wang, A.R.; Mo, H.Z.; Yang Zhu, Yang

    2007-01-01

    The deterioration of life quality of aging men is mostly associated with metabolic syndrome, based on statistics of the Andros Men's Health Institute in Arnhem, Netherlands. Aging is an inevitable natural process accompanied by several kinds of decline of body function that influences the quality of

  6. Association between age at menarche and early-life nutritional status in rural Bangladesh

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bosch, A.M.; Willekens, F.J.C.; Baqui, A.H.; van Ginneken, J.K.S.; Hutter, I.

    2008-01-01

    Age at menarche is associated with anthropometry in adolescence. Recently, there has been growing support for the hypothesis that timing of menarche may be set early in life but modified by changes in body size and composition in childhood. To evaluate this, a cohort of 255 girls aged

  7. Development of Life Satisfaction in Old Age: Another View on the "Paradox"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schilling, Oliver

    2006-01-01

    Empirical evidence of no age-related decline in life satisfaction (LS) in old age contrasts with frequently observed declines in the objective quality of elder people's lives and has therefore been labelled a "paradox" and interpreted in terms of stability of LS in the respective gerontological discussion. However, as this evidence was mainly…

  8. Arts and ageing; Life expectancy of historical artists in the Low Countries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mirzada, F.; Schimberg, A.S.; Engelaer, F.M.; Bijwaard, G.E.; van Bodegom, D.; Westendorp, R.G.J.; van Poppel, F.W.A.

    2014-01-01

    Practising arts has been linked to lowering stress, anxiety and blood pressure. These mechanisms are all known to affect the ageing process. Therefore, we examine the relation between long-term involvement in arts and life expectancy at age 50 (LE50), in a cohort of 12,159 male acoustic, literary an

  9. Self-Conception and Life Satisfaction: Integrating Aged Subculture and Activity Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McClelland, Kent A.

    1982-01-01

    Integrates the traditional activity theory explanation of adjustment to aging with the aged subculture theory advanced by Rose. A path model to data from two subsamples of older adults. Self-conception is shown to be an important intervening variable between social activity and life satisfaction. (Author)

  10. Individuating Age Salience: A Psychological Perspective on the Salience of Age in the Life Course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freund, Alexandra M.

    1997-01-01

    Argues that the perception of consequences for missing age-related deadlines might reflect motivational or coping processes rather than actual consequences. Posits that age-related expectations are powerful determinants of how people perceive and evaluate themselves and others and that they play an important role in selecting and pursuing goals.…

  11. Application of time-temperature superposition method in thermal aging life prediction of shipboard cables

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DENG Wen-dong; CHEN Yi-yuan

    2014-01-01

    The life of shipboard cables will decrease due to the complex aging processes. In terms of the safety perspective, remaining life prediction of the cable is essential to maintain a reliable operation. In this paper, firstly, based on Arrhenius equation, residual life of new styrene-butadiene cable is calculated;result indicates that the degradation rate which changes with time is proportional to thermal temperature. Then second order dynamic model is adopted into the residual life prediction, combined with the time-temperature superposition method (TTSP), and a new residual life model is proposed. According to the accelerated thermal aging experiment data and Arrhenius equation, TTSP method demonstrates to be an efficient way for life prediction, and life at normal temperature can be estimated by this model. In order to monitor the state of styrene-butadiene cable more accurately, an improved residual life model based on equivalent environment temperature of cable is proposed, and life of cable under real operation is analyzed. Result indicates that this model is credible and reliable, and it provides an important theoretical base for residual life of cables.

  12. LIFE STYLE, OBESITY, TYPE A PERSONALITY PATTERN AND TYPE-2 DIABETES MELLITUS – IS THERE A CORELATION?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madhu

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available : IMPORTANCE: Diabetes mellitus has shown a rising trajectory to an epidemic level in the last century due to changes in human behavior and lifestyle. Personality assessment might further clarify the relationships between psychological characteristics and glucose regulation. OBJECTIVE: To find out difference with regard to socio demographic factors, lifestyle pattern and type A personality patterns between the experimental group and the normal controls. DESIGN: A case-control study was used. Period of collection of data extended from 15th Dec 2012 till 10th Jan 2013. SETTINGS: This study was conducted at the Medicine outpatient departments of Mahatma Gandhi Hospital in Jaipur. PARTICIPANTS: A consecutive sample of 50 adults with type 2 diabetes aged 20-80 years and 50 normal subjects matched on age, sex, education and marital status. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Uncontrolled Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus diagnosed in Medicine Outpatient setting, their socio demographic variables, lifestyle patterns and premorbid personality traits. RESULTS: Analysis of data revealed that 84% of the subjects in the experimental group were from urban background and 70% lived in a nuclear family set up with 50% having less than 5 members in the family. A positive family history of Diabetes in first degree relatives was present in 48% and just 8% of the control group.70% were not following healthy eating habits as opposed to just 38% of the control group.40%,34% and 26% of the subjects in the experimental group used to consume a high sugar, fat and salt diet, respectively. Nearly 76% as opposed to 26% of the control group led a sedentary life. 80% of the experimental group had no hobbies with 19% enjoyed watching T.V. 78% as compared to just 30% in the control group were either overweight or obese.82% had type A personality traits being high on all its components as compared to just 20% in the control group. CONCLUSION: Type II Diabetes Mellitus is more prevalent in urban

  13. Nutrition through the life span. Part 3: adults aged 65 years and over.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shepherd, Alison

    The UK has an ageing population, but this is not being matched by a similar increase in healthy life expectancy. The greatest challenge in the 21st century will be to improve the quality of life as ageing occurs. Health is the most important prerequisite for people to enjoy life in their older years (Brundtland, 1988). Diet is one factor that is believed to play a key role in the prevention and treatment of chronic diseases associated with ageing. The third and final part of this series addressing the concept of nutrition through the lifespan seeks to educate health-care professionals as to what constitutes a healthy diet for the elderly population, and gives practical guidance as to how to try and prevent the ever-growing problem of malnutrition within this age group. It is suggested that when the older adult is hospitalized their risk of malnutrition increases. Therefore, some guidance for the use of oral nutritional supplements in this population is given. Good nutrition and physical exercise are essential for healthy ageing from both a physical and psychological perspective (NICE, 2008). Therefore a multidisciplinary life course approach to ageing is vital to minimizing its complications for quality of life and subsequent public health (Denny, 2008). PMID:19273990

  14. State of Health and Quality of Life of Women at Advanced Age

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinkas, Jarosław; Gujski, Mariusz; Humeniuk, Ewa; Raczkiewicz, Dorota; Bejga, Przemysław; Owoc, Alfred; Bojar, Iwona

    2016-01-01

    Background Evaluation of the state of health, quality of life, and the relationship between the level of the quality of life and health status in a group of women at an advanced age (90 years of age and older) in Poland. Material/Methods The study was conducted in 2014 in an all-Polish sample of 870 women aged 90 years and older. The research instruments were: the authors’ questionnaire and several standardized tests: Katz Index of Independence in Activities of Daily Living (Katz ADL), Abbreviated Mental Test Score (AMTS), and the World Health Organization Quality of Life (WHOQOL)-BREF. The results of the study were statistically analyzed using significant t-test for mean and regression analysis. Results The majority of women at an advanced age suffered from chronic pain (76%) and major geriatric problems such as hypoacusis (81%), visual disturbances (69%) and urinary incontinence (60%); the minority of women at an advanced age suffered from falls and fainting (39%), stool incontinence (17%), severe functional impairment (24%), and cognitive impairment (10%). On a scale of 1 to 5, women at an advanced age assessed positively for overall quality of life (mean 3.3), social relationships (3.5), and environment (3.2), but negatively for general health, physical health, and psychological health (2.7, 2.7, and 2.8, respectively). The presence of chronic pain and geriatric problems, including urinary and stool incontinences, falls and faint ing, visual disturbances and hypoacusis, significantly decreased overall quality of life; general health, physical health, psychological health, social relationships, and environment. Overall quality of life, general health, physical health, psychological health, social relationships, and environment was correlated with functional and cognitive impairments. Conclusions Quality of life of women at an advanced age decreased if chronic pain, major geriatric problems, or functional or cognitive impairments occurred. PMID:27580565

  15. Perspectives on ageing, later life and ethniciy: Ageing research in ethnic minority contexts

    OpenAIRE

    Zubair, M.; Norris, M

    2015-01-01

    This special issue focuses broadly upon questions and themes relating to the current conceptualisations, representations and use of ‘ethnicity’ (and ethnic minority experiences) within the field of social gerontology. An important aim of this special issue is to explore and address the issue of ‘otherness’ within the predominant existing frameworks for researching those who are ageing or considered aged, compounded by the particular constructions of their ethnicity and ethnic ‘difference’....

  16. Coping Style and Its Influencing Factors to Quality of Life of Patients with Psoriasis%银屑病患者的应对方式及其对生活质量的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    晏晓颖

    2014-01-01

    目的:探讨银屑病患者的应对方式及其与生活质量的相关性,了解银屑病患者的心理行为特点,为合理治疗提供依据.方法对湖南省长沙市、常德市3所医院皮肤科的144例银屑病住院患者进行问卷调查,内容包括患病情况、应对方式和生活质量.结果银屑病患者“面对”、“回避”、“屈服”的得分均高于常模;患者的年龄、性别、受教育水平、职业、收入等社会人口学特征,以及出血、瘙痒程度、皮损部位、发病年龄、患病时间、家族史、被拒绝的经历等病情特点均会影响其应对方式(P<0.05);疾病严重度、屈服、面对得分与生活质量得分呈正相关(P<0.05).结论银屑病对患者是一个很大的应激,患者的应对方式受到社会人口学特征和患病情况的影响,并在一定程度上影响了患者的生活质量.%Objective To investigate the coping style of patients with psoriasis,and the correlation with quality of life,understand the psychological behavior feature and provide evidence for suitable treatment. Methods 144 inpatients with psoriasis from 3 hospitals in Changsha and Changde were surveyed.Survey information consists of patient’s condition,coping style,and quality of life.Results The scores of “face”,“evasive”,“yield”of psoriasis patients were higher than the norm.The age,gender,education level,occupa-tion,income and other demographic features and bleeding,pruritus,skin damaged position,age of onset,du-ration of disease,family history,been rejected could affect the coping styles of patients(P<0.05).Positive correlations were found between the scores of severity of disease,yield and face(P<0.05).Conclusion Psoriasis is a big stress to patients;the coping style were affected by the socio-demographic characteristics and patients condition,and thus affect the quality of life.

  17. Milestone Age Affects the Role of Health and Emotions in Life Satisfaction: A Preliminary Inquiry.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Talya Miron-Shatz

    Full Text Available Jill turns 40. Should this change how she evaluates her life, and would a similar change occur when she turns 41? Milestone age (e.g., 30, 40, 50--a naturally occurring feature in personal timelines--has received much attention is popular culture, but little attention in academic inquiry. This study examines whether milestone birthdays change the way people evaluate their life. We show that life outlook is impacted by this temporal landmark, which appears to punctuate people's mental maps of their life cycle. At these milestone junctures, people take stock of where they stand and have a more evaluative perspective towards their lives when making life satisfaction judgments. Correspondingly, they place less emphasis on daily emotional experiences. We find that milestone agers (vs. other individuals place greater weight on health satisfaction and BMI and lesser weight on daily positive emotions in their overall life satisfaction judgments, whereas negative emotions remain influential.

  18. Oral health related quality of life in Indonesian middle-aged and elderly women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lindawati S. Kusdhany

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: To assess oral health-related quality of life in Indonesian middle-aged and elderly women. Middle–aged women between 45-59 years old were included in this study, because this stage of life is important to prepare them  entering the old age. Prevention could be done earlier in order to achieve optimum quality of life for the elderly. The purpose of writing this paper is to inform the policy maker to develop a framework in oral health prevention.Method: Cross-sectional study was done at East Bekasi district, West Java on 236 women 45-82 years of age. Measurement of health related quality of life was performed using the Oral Health-Related Quality of Life (OHRQoL questionnaire. This questionnaire has already been translated to Indonesian language and has already been validated.Result: About 86.4% of subjects had a good oral health-related quality of life. Number of missing teeth and oral health-related quality of life have a weak correlation (correlation coeffi cient= -0.133, P= 0.041.Conclusion: Oral health-related quality of life did not depend on the number of missing teeth. These fi ndings may have implication for promoting education to middle-aged and elderly women in Indonesia about the importance of oral health.This policy frame work will be recommended to be implemented in hospitals, clinics, community care and institutional care. (Med J Indones 2011; 20:62-5Keywords: chewimg difficulties, number of missing teeth, tooth ache

  19. The Role Of Resilience and Age on Quality of Life in Patients with Pain Disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saeid Yazdi-Ravandi

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The quality of life (QOL has been defined as ‘‘a person’s sense of well-being that stems from satisfaction or dissatisfaction with the areas of life that are important to him/her’’. Also; Age was also significantly associated with several functional limitations such as illness, physical restrictions. The concept of ‘‘resilience’’ refers to successful adaptation that unfolds within a context of significant and usually debilitating adversity or life stress. The ability to adapt to pain may play an important role in maintaining the QOL. In this study, we investigated the role of resilience and Age in various domains of quality of life such as physical, psychological, social and environmental domains. In this study, 290 adult patients (146 men, 144 women completed the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale and the WHOQOL-BREF Questionnaire. Moreover, we illustrated several demographic variables. The results were analyzed using SPSS version 19.0 and means, descriptive correlation and regression were calculated. Our data revealed that resilience and age could significantly anticipate the QOL and physical aspect P<0.001. In psychological, social and environmental domains resilience but not the age could significantly prediction this domains. In addition, it is noticeable that the effect of resilience on the prediction of QOL is much more obvious in the psychological domain.. In conclusion, resilience is more important factor than the age to predict the quality of life (QOL in person suffering from chronic pain.

  20. The Role of Resilience and Age on Quality of Life in Patients with Pain Disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saeid Yazdi-Ravandi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The quality of life (QOL has been defined as ‘‘a person’s sense of well-being that stems from satisfaction or dissatisfaction with the areas of life that are important to him/her’’. Also; Age was also significantly associated with several functional limitations such as illness, physical restrictions . The concept of ‘‘resilience’’ refers to successful adaptation that unfolds within a context of significant and usually debilitating adversity or life stress. The ability to adapt to pain may play an important role in maintaining the QOL. In this study, we investigated the role of resilience and Age in various domains of quality of life such as physical, psychological, social and environmental domains. In this study, 290 adult patients (146 men, 144 women completed the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale and the WHOQOL-BREF Questionnaire. Moreover, we illustrated several demographic variables. The results were analyzed using SPSS version 19.0 and means, descriptive correlation and regression were calculated. Our data revealed that resilience and age could significantly anticipate the QOL and physical aspect P<0.001. In psychological, social and environmental domains resilience but not the age could significantly prediction this domains. In addition, it is noticeable that the effect of resilience on the prediction of QOL is much more obvious in the psychological domain.. In conclusion, resilience is more important factor than the age to predict the quality of life (QOL in person suffering from chronic pain.

  1. Ageing management of instrumentation and control systems for 100 years life of AHWR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Currently Nuclear Power Plants are being designed for a life of about 40 years. However, Advanced Heavy Water Reactor (AHWR), being designed by BARC, is intended to have a life of 100 years. Instrumentation and Control (I and C) plays a crucial role in the safe operation of any nuclear reactor. Design of I and C especially for a life of 100 years offers a great deal of challenges. Experience has shown that ageing and obsolescence have the potential to cause the maintainability and operability of I and C systems in Nuclear Power Plants to deteriorate well before the end of plant life. Hence, all ageing effects are to be detected in time and eliminated by repair, upgrading and replacement measures. However since no I and C system can survive such a long life of 100 years, special attention is to be paid in the design to effect easy replacement. Every aspect of design of hardware and software should deal with obsolescence. Design strategies like minimising the amount of cabling by resorting to networked data communication will go a long way in achieving the desired life extension. Hence it is essential that an effective Ageing Management Programme to be established at the very initial stages of design, planning and engineering of I and C systems for AHWR. This will ensure reliable continued operation of I and C systems for 100 years of life. (author)

  2. Obesity nutritional aspects and life style from a survey on a sample of primary school pupils in the Pavia province (Northern Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marisa Arpesella

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Background: The increased risk of chronic diseases requires effective strategies to promote health, facilitating the adoption of proper life styles from childhood. In order to do that, the local health authority in Pavia has undertaken a pilot study with the aim of estimating the level of overweight and obese children in primary schools and of identifying the life styles that entail health risks.

    Methods: A cross-sectional study based on a sample of 460 children in their last year of primary school in the Province of Pavia was performed. Pupils were classified by Body Mass Index, and a face-to-face questionnaire about children’s use of time was administered. A multiple logistic regression analysis has been applied in order to identify risks or preventive health factors linked to physical activity and eating habits.

    Results: 12.6% of the children were obese and 26.3% overweight, with the percentage of obesity nearly double in those who do not practice organized sports activities at least once a week, in those who don’t have breakfast in the morning and in those who don’t spend their free time in movement games. From a multiple logistic regression it results that the risk of being obese is twice and three times higher for the children living respectively in medium and small towns than for the ones living in large towns.

    Conclusions: In the Province of Pavia the prevalence of overweight and obese 10-year-old children exceed the data reported in recent studies all over Italy. The life styles that entail obesity risks are significantly linked both to eating habits and to physical activity: living in middle- and small sized towns and not having breakfast before going to school emerge as risk factors, while practicing movement games in the free time after school appears to be a protecting factor.

  3. 消化性溃疡患者不良生活方式的影响%Influence of bad life style on the patients with peptic ulcer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李新玲

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To explore the influence of bad life style on the patients with peptic ulcer.Methods:80 patients with peptic ulcer were selected.They were randomly divided into the observation group and the control group with 40 cases in each.The bad life styles of all patients were surveyed.The control group was given general health guidance.The observation group was given healthy lifestyle guidance,including reasonable diet guidance,abstinence,maintaining good state of mind and mood.Results:After treatment,the total effective rate of the observation group was 97.5%,after 6 to 18 months follow-up,the recurrence rate was 7.5%. In the control group,the total effective rate was 80.0%,the recurrence rate was 40.0%.The difference between two groups was statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion:Good life style can help digestion,it is beneficial to improve the patient's compliance, reduce the recurrence rate of peptic ulcer.%目的:探讨不良生活方式对消化性溃疡患者的影响.方法:收治消化性溃疡患者80例,随机分成观察组和对照组各40例,对所有患者进行不良生活方式进行调查,对照组进行一般的健康指导,观察组进行健康生活方式的指导,主要包括合理饮食指导、戒酒、保持良好的心态和心情.结果:经过治疗后观察组总有效率97.5%,经过6~18 个月得到随访,复发率 7.5%;对照组总有效率 80.0%,复发率 40.0%,两组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:良好的生活方式可以帮助消化,有利于提高患者的依从性,降低消化性溃疡复发率.

  4. [A long life--a wish and its limits. Aging with dignity and meaning].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seitz, M

    2003-04-01

    In the journal "Gerontologie" (1991, Oswald WD et al. Eds.), the article on "Langlebigkeit" (longevity) is followed by the article on "Lebenszufriedenheit" (satisfaction in life) for purely alphabetical reasons. However, there is a deeper meaning in this order which refers to a connection that should not be neglected. "The number of our days is 70 years. Or maybe 80 years if..." To have a long and satisfying life is a deeply rooted wish in the human mind. Medicine and modern, improved conditions of living let this come true for many. However, what undoubtedly is a value by itself and has been praised as success until recently, now causes personal and social problems. We are dealing with a covert problem in particular: Which decisions that concern us and are likely not to please us, are others going to take when we are old? "I need a coat already. For me the sun is already declining". The wish to live as long as possible is always connected with hope, that is hope to have a fulfilling life. However, there are limits to that hope due to the constancy of maximal life expectation, multiple morbidity related with old age and consequent shortening of life. At the same time basic existential experiences as uniqueness, loneliness and the limits of the human mind increase with age. So what does it mean to fill life in old age with meaning and dignity? Nowadays dignity is constantly talked about. That is possibly why it is on the retreat. Dignity is understood as something that can be ascribed and if that is so, we can simply abandon it since theology is not a known discipline any more. Theology and religion in general could bring about a new understanding of the meaning of life as it could relate something incomprehensible with a potential interpretation. Life in old age also comprises the personal and private wherein the memories of the personal life attain a particularly important function. PMID:12720021

  5. Old Age and Spirituality - Metanoia, "The second half of life" according to Carl Gustav Jung

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Pereira Gaeta Arcuri

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This study shows the possibility of old age as human development, since the second half of life is the period of spiritual growth. Jung is a classic illustration of metanoia showing what connects and what distinguishes the second half of life. It is as if the focus change and a shift occurred. The focus may be because the ego does not find this place the foundation that once experienced as a solid foundation, and is directed to the Self.

  6. Is Rural School-aged Children's Quality of Life Affected by Their Responses to Asthma?

    OpenAIRE

    Horner, Sharon D.; Brown, Sharon A.; Walker, Veronica García

    2011-01-01

    The unpredictable nature of asthma makes it stressful for children and can affect their quality of life. An exploratory analysis of 183 rural school-aged children's data was conducted to determine relationships among demographic factors, children's responses to asthma (coping, asthma self-management), and their quality of life (QOL). Coping frequency, asthma severity, and race/ethnicity significantly predicted children's asthma-related QOL. Children reported more frequent coping as asthma-rel...

  7. Like cognitive function, decision making across the life span shows profound age-related changes

    OpenAIRE

    Tymula, Agnieszka; Rosenberg Belmaker, Lior A.; Ruderman, Lital; Paul W Glimcher; Levy, Ifat

    2013-01-01

    Although largely unstudied, behavioral changes in decision making across the life span have implications for problems associated with poor decision making at different life stages, such as careless driving in adolescents and disadvantageous medical or financial decision making in older adults. We examine age-based differences in individual decision-making characteristics—choice consistency, rationality, and preferences for known and unknown risks—in 12- to 90-y-olds. We found that even the he...

  8. Childhood and Later Life Stressors and Increased Inflammatory Gene Expression at Older Ages

    OpenAIRE

    Levine, ME; Cole, SW; Weir, DR; Crimmins, EM

    2015-01-01

    Adverse experiences in early life have the ability to “get under the skin” and affect future health. This study examined the relative influence of adversities during childhood and adulthood in accounting for individual differences in pro-inflammatory gene expression in late life. Using a pilot-sample from the Health and Retirement Study (N=114) aged from 51-95, OLS regression models were run to determine the association between a composite score from three proinflammatory gene expression leve...

  9. Lifestyle, quality of life, nutritional status and headache in school-aged children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamila Castro

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Headache has been described as a factor with significant negative impact on the quality of life of school-aged children with a high risk of developing in chronic and persistent form in adulthood. Among other headache associated triggers or aggravating factors, lifestyle and obesity has been investigated, but results are still conflicting. Objective: To evaluate the prevalence of headache in school-aged children and its relationship to anthropometric characteristics, lifestyle, and quality of life. Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in six schools located in two cities in southern Brazil, involving 750 students aged 7 to 14 years. Information was collected on sociodemographic characteristics, clinical variables (presence of headache and menarche, anthropometric data, lifestyle, and quality of life. Results: A total of 185 (24.7% students reported having headache crises in the last 3 months. Among students aged 10 to 14 years, presence of headache was associated with female sex, affecting 32.2% of girls vs. 23.3% of boys (p = 0.042, chi-square test. Anthropometric parameters (data on overweight/obesity were consistent with national prevalence rates, and there was no association between Body Mass Index (BMI and headache. Regarding lifestyle, 2.0% of students reported smoking and 1.6% consuming alcohol occasionally, and neither was associated with headache. Quality of life, especially aspects of social life, appeared to be affected by the presence of headache. Conclusion: This study found a high prevalence of headache in school-aged children, which was associated with female students aged 10-14 years and quality of life.

  10. Parental rearing style, premorbid personality, mental health, and quality of life in chronic regional pain: A causal analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lung, For-Wey; Huang, Yi-Lin; Shu, Bih-Ching; Lee, Fei-Yin

    2004-01-01

    The aim of the current study was to establish the causal model among parental bonding, personality characteristics, mental health, quality of life, and chronic regional pain (CRP). Thirty CRP patients and 56 mental illness patients were compared using the Visual Analogue Scale (VAS), Chinese Health Questionnaire (CHQ), Eysenck Personality Questionnaire (EPQ), World Health Organization Quality of Life-Brief-Tawain Version (WHOQOL-BREF-TW), and Parental Bonding Instrument (PBI). There were significant differences in mental health, personality characteristics, and quality of life between the CRP and mental illness groups. Structural equation modeling showed that parental bonding could directly affect personality characteristics, and, hence, directly impact disease and quality of life. CRP is different from mental illness in many dimensions. In this study, CRP appeared to be caused by actual physical dysfunction rather than mental dysfunction.

  11. Early-life conditions and age at first pregnancy in British women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nettle, Daniel; Coall, David A; Dickins, Thomas E

    2011-06-01

    There is growing evidence that the reproductive schedules of female mammals can be affected by conditions experienced during early development, with low parental investment leading to accelerated life-history strategies in the offspring. In humans, the relationships between early-life conditions and timing of puberty are well studied, but much less attention has been paid to reproductive behaviour. Here, we investigate associations between early-life conditions and age at first pregnancy (AFP) in a large, longitudinally studied cohort of British women (n = 4553). Low birthweight for gestational age, short duration of breastfeeding, separation from mother in childhood, frequent family residential moves and lack of paternal involvement are all independently associated with earlier first pregnancy. Apart from that of birthweight, the effects are robust to adjustment for family socioeconomic position (SEP) and the cohort member's mother's age at her birth. The association between childhood SEP and AFP is partially mediated by early-life conditions, and the association between early-life conditions and AFP is partially mediated by emotional and behavioural problems in childhood. The overall relationship between early-life adversities and AFP appears to be approximately additive.

  12. Investigation on the Life Style of College Students Due to yin Deficiency%阴虚质大学生生活方式调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘雪凯; 张国艳

    2016-01-01

    运用问卷调查法,对阴虚质大学生生活方式进行调查:阴虚质大学生睡眠时间比较少,睡眠质不佳,饮食不规律、运动量偏少,精神压力较大;不同性别阴虚质大学生在吸烟支数方面具有明显差异。依据阴虚质大学生生活方式调查提出建议:从大学生中医体质出发,倡导文明的生活方式,改善自己的不良生活行为。%By using the method of questionnaire investigation, yin deficiency of the life style of college students were in-vestigated: Yin deficiency students sleep time is relatively small, poor sleep quality, too few irregular diet, exercise, stress larger; different gender Yin deficiency of college students in smoking count mask have obvious difference. According to the lifestyle of college students quality survey suggested:starting from the deficiency of college students of Chinese constitution, advocate a civilized way of life, improve their life behavior.

  13. QUALITY OF LIFE AND HEALTH SELF-RATE OF WORKING-AGED MIGRANTS TO THE NORTH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Aleksandrovna Lobova

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available We conducted a study of quality of life and self-rated health of migrants working in the north of Siberia.Purpose. The main objective of the study was to analyze the attitude to health and the allocation of social factors that shape the north migrants’ quality of life.Methodology. A random sample of the northern region population was surveyed, including 108 men and 113 women, aged 20-59 years. Social and psychological aspects of the analysis included satisfaction with life in general, satisfaction with living conditions and needs.Results. Gender differences were obtained, indicating that the self-reported health quality among women is higher than among men. Individuals with higher education show the lowest self-reported health. The analysis of the social status and quality of life (on the example of north migrants was conducted. According to the study, we identified factors that contribute to migrants’ quality of life: education, occupation, marital status, age. On the basis of that we isolated social groups the least satisfied with life in general, these are – young women; persons without higher education; persons engaged in physical labor. It was investigated the quality of life of northerners. The most positively they characterize the satisfaction of their needs in the field of communication and family relationships. Low values were obtained on the scales of rest, material well-being and life prospects.The scope of results: researches within the field of social psychology; justification of preventive measures in improving the Northern regions’ population health and improvement the quality of social services; planning measures in improving the quality of life of working-age population in enterprises of oil and gas complex.

  14. Aging male symptoms: the relationship between physical activity and quality of life

    OpenAIRE

    Melissa de Carvalho Souza; Adriana Coutinho de Azevedo Guimarães

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Objective To examine the relationship between physical activity (PA) and the aging male symptoms of middle-aged men in the quality of life (QOL). Methodology: Cross-sectional study with a probabilistic samples of 416 men (40-59 years old), all residents in two cities in southern of Brazil. A questionnaire was used. The studied population was divided into two groups: with and without symptoms. The analyses were carried out in a descriptive and inferential approaches. Results: Ag...

  15. Navigating Hardships in Old Age: Exploring the Relationship Between Spirituality and Resilience in Later Life

    OpenAIRE

    Manning, Lydia K.

    2013-01-01

    Research suggests that spirituality is important to a large percentage of the older adult population and serves as a promoter of healthy aging. In this qualitative research I conducted and analyzed multiple interviews with 6 women aged 80 and older. Using multiple in-depth interviews I explored the interplay between spirituality and resilience over the life course. A grounded theory analysis of the 30 interviews was performed. The major finding is that participants used their spirituality as ...

  16. Temperament Styles of Greek and US Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oakland, Thomas; Hatzichristou, Chryse

    2010-01-01

    Age, gender and cross-national differences of children ages 8 through 16 in Greece (n = 400) and the United States (n = 5,400) are examined on four temperament styles: extroversion-introversion, practical-imaginative, thinking-feeling and organized-flexible styles. In general, Greek children prefer extroverted to introverted styles and organized…

  17. Investigation on knowledge, attitude and practice related to healthy life styles among community health care workers in Dongcheng District, Beijing%北京市东城区社区医护人员健康生活方式相关知信行调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宁; 何民富; 王宝华

    2012-01-01

    .0% , except for "doing physical exercises" (25. 8% ) and "joining the activities of healthy life styles in community" (57.5% ). The awareness rate of " BMI calculation method" and " Public Health Life Style Day" among subjects aged under 40 years old were higher than those subjects aged over 40 years old, while the proportions who had the practice of "doing exercises" among subjects aged under 40 years old were lower than those subjects aged over 40 years old. Conclusion The community health care workers in Dongcheng District had high level of knowledge, attitude and practice related to healthy life styles. In order to play a role of direction and demonstration in the conduction of Public Health life Styles Movement, the theoretical direction and training should be strengthened among health care workers aged over 40 years old. For the health care workers aged under 40 years old, the education and advocacy on doing exercises should be strengthened.

  18. Do Early Life and Contemporaneous Macro-conditions explain Health at Older Ages?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alessie, Rob; Deeg, Dorly; Portrait, France

    2008-01-01

    The paper presents an approach which thoroughly assesses the role of early life and contemporaneous macro-conditions in explaining health at older ages. In particular, we investigate the role of exposure to infectious diseases and economic conditions during infancy and childhood, as well as the effe

  19. The Antecedents of Menarcheal Age: Heredity, Family Environment, and Stressful Life Events.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Graber, Julia A.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    Considered variations in pubertal timing, specifically age at menarche, and association with various antecedents, including heredity; weight and weight for height; stressful life events; family relations; absence or presence of adult male in household; and psychological adjustment, in 75 premenarcheal adolescent girls. Found complex interactions…

  20. Parent perceived quality of life is age-dependent in children with food allergy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wassenberg, Jacqueline; Cochard, Marie-Madeleine; DunnGalvin, Audrey; Ballabeni, Pierluigi; Flokstra-de Blok, Bertine M. J.; Newman, Christopher J.; Hofer, Michael; Eigenmann, Philippe A.

    2012-01-01

    To cite this article: Wassenberg J, Cochard M-M, DunnGalvin A, Ballabeni P, Flokstra-de Blok BMJ, Newman CJ, Hofer M, Eigenmann PA. Parent perceived quality of life is age-dependent in children with food allergy. Pediatr Allergy Immunol 2012: 23: 412419. Abstract Background: Food allergy in children

  1. Family Life Education: A Problem-Solving Curriculum for Adolescents (Ages 15-19).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feibelman, Barbara; Hamrick, Michael

    The rising incidence of teenage sexual activity and the subsequent growth in numbers of teenage parents provide the rationale for this problem-solving curriculum guide on family life education. This model curriculum for adolescents aged 15-19 is designed to promote problem-solving skills, self-confidence, self-awareness, self-control, and…

  2. Trajectory of Life Satisfaction and Its Relationship with Subjective Economic Status and Successful Aging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Hui-Chuan

    2010-01-01

    The aim of the study was to explore the relationship between subjective economic status and indicators of successful aging to life satisfaction trajectories among the elderly in Taiwan. Data were from the four waves of "Survey of Health and Living Status of the Elderly in Taiwan". Hierarchical linear modeling was conducted. Subjective economic…

  3. Nondestructive evaluation for remanent life of aged 12Cr ferrite heat resisting steel by reversible permeability

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We present a magnetic and nondestructive method to evaluate the remanent life of advanced ferritic steel using the value of reversible permeability. The method to measure reversible permeability is based on the theory that the value of reversible permeability is the same differential of the hysteresis loop. The measurement principle is based on the foundation of harmonics voltage induced in a sensing coil using a lock-in amplifier tuned to the frequency of the exciting one. Results obtained for reversible permeability, Vickers hardness, and tensile strength on the aged samples show that the peak interval of reversible permeability, Vickers hardness and tensile strength decrease as aging time increases. We could estimate the remanent life of advanced ferritic steel by using the relationship between the peak interval of reversible permeability and the Larson–Miller parameter, non-destructively. - Highlights: ► Magnetic, nondestructive evaluation method of remanent life of 12Cr ferritic steel is presented. ► Peak interval of reversible permeability decreases with the increase of aging time. ► Mechanical properties decrease with the increase of aging time. ► Magnetic and mechanical properties are decreased with increase of Larson–Miller parameter. ► Reversible permeability is nondestructively used to estimate remanent life of 12Cr ferrite steel.

  4. The andrologist's contribution to a better life for ageing men: part 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Comhaire, F; Mahmoud, A

    2016-02-01

    The long-term intake of a judiciously composed nutriceutical containing low-dose vitamins, antioxidants, minerals and particular herbal preparations seems justified for older persons who take medication, or who consume an unbalanced diet, or who are exposed to environmental toxins. Recent reports suggest these nutriceuticals may delay age-related diseases and the occurrence of cancer, and reduce mortality in apparently healthy ageing men. Food supplementation with a nutriceutical that was formulated particularly for ageing men should result in an increase of at least one quality-adjusted life year and may lower the financial and social burden of disease in elderly people. PMID:26395368

  5. Materialism across the life span: An age-period-cohort analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaspers, Esther D T; Pieters, Rik G M

    2016-09-01

    This research examined the development of materialism across the life span. Two initial studies revealed that (a) lay beliefs were that materialism declines with age and (b) previous research findings also implied a modest, negative relationship between age and materialism. Yet, previous research has considered age only as a linear control variable, thereby precluding the possibility of more intricate relationships between age and materialism. Moreover, prior studies have relied on cross-sectional data and thus confound age and cohort effects. To improve on this, the main study used longitudinal data from 8 waves spanning 9 years of over 4,200 individuals (16 to 90 years) to examine age effects on materialism while controlling for cohort and period effects. Using a multivariate multilevel latent growth model, it found that materialism followed a curvilinear trajectory across the life span, with the lowest levels at middle age and higher levels before and after that. Thus, in contrast to lay beliefs, materialism increased in older age. Moreover, age effects on materialism differed markedly between 3 core themes of materialism: acquisition centrality, possession-defined success, and acquisition as the pursuit of happiness. In particular, acquisition centrality and possession-defined success were higher at younger and older age. Independent of these age effects, older birth cohorts were oriented more toward possession-defined success, whereas younger birth cohorts were oriented more toward acquisition centrality. The economic downturn since 2008 led to a decrease in acquisition as the pursuit of happiness and in desires for personal growth, but to an increase in desires for achievement. (PsycINFO Database Record PMID:27560768

  6. Materialism across the life span: An age-period-cohort analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaspers, Esther D T; Pieters, Rik G M

    2016-09-01

    This research examined the development of materialism across the life span. Two initial studies revealed that (a) lay beliefs were that materialism declines with age and (b) previous research findings also implied a modest, negative relationship between age and materialism. Yet, previous research has considered age only as a linear control variable, thereby precluding the possibility of more intricate relationships between age and materialism. Moreover, prior studies have relied on cross-sectional data and thus confound age and cohort effects. To improve on this, the main study used longitudinal data from 8 waves spanning 9 years of over 4,200 individuals (16 to 90 years) to examine age effects on materialism while controlling for cohort and period effects. Using a multivariate multilevel latent growth model, it found that materialism followed a curvilinear trajectory across the life span, with the lowest levels at middle age and higher levels before and after that. Thus, in contrast to lay beliefs, materialism increased in older age. Moreover, age effects on materialism differed markedly between 3 core themes of materialism: acquisition centrality, possession-defined success, and acquisition as the pursuit of happiness. In particular, acquisition centrality and possession-defined success were higher at younger and older age. Independent of these age effects, older birth cohorts were oriented more toward possession-defined success, whereas younger birth cohorts were oriented more toward acquisition centrality. The economic downturn since 2008 led to a decrease in acquisition as the pursuit of happiness and in desires for personal growth, but to an increase in desires for achievement. (PsycINFO Database Record

  7. Active life in old age. Combining measures of functional ability and social participation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Avlund, K; Holstein, B E; Mortensen, Erik Lykke;

    1999-01-01

    This paper describes a new measure of Active Life Expectancy, called Active Life Classification (ALC) in which the criterion for successful aging is a combination of good functional ability and high social participation. OBJECTIVES: 1) to describe the distribution of ALC among 75-year-old men....... SUBJECTS: A random sample of 75-year-old people who were invited to participate in the study (participation rate: 89, n = 477). MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: ALC is a combination of two dichotomized variables: functional ability (dependent vs not dependent of help) and social participation (low vs. high). RESULTS...... were associated with ALC. CONCLUSIONS: It is an advantage to combine functional ability and social participation in the description of quality of life in old age, as 1) a high social participation may compensate for a poor functional ability, and vice versa, 2) the combined measure is meaningful...

  8. LIFE QUALITY IN CASES WITH CHRONICAL DEGENERATIVE ILLNESS OF LOCOMOTIVE SYSTEM REGARDING SEX, AGE AND OVERWEIGHT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Munevera Bećarević

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Disturbances of muscle and skeleton system are related to pain, functional damages and inability to work. Measure of life quality offers a sequence of data on illness influence on everyday functioning. The aim of this paper is evaluation of life quality in cases with degenerative illnesses of locomotive system and influence of sex, age, weist and BMI on life quality. Epidemiologic research was conducted on 71 tested subjects with diagnosis of chronical degenerative reumatical illness. Tested subject were measured weist values, BMI was determined and all of them fulfilled EQ5D questionnaire for life quality assessment. According to VAS scale their health condition was evaluated. Life quality of tested subjects was decreased especially in department of depression and increased concern (2.30 – 2.57 as well as pain and discomfort (2.11 – 2.31. We didn't determine statistically significant sex influence (p> 0,05, age, (p> 0,05 weist values (p> 0,05 or BMI (p> 0,05 our tested subjects life quality. According to VAS scale health condition of tested subjects is low (6, 76 ± 1,04.

  9. Leadership Styles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Val, Carlin; Kemp, Jess

    2012-01-01

    This study examines how a group's dynamic changes under the influence of different leadership styles, and determines what leadership style works best in a large group expedition. The main question identified was "What roles can a leader play in affecting the dynamic of a large group while partaking in a field expedition?" The following research…

  10. Health and quality of life in an aging population – food and beyond

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Giacalone, Davide; Wendin, Karin Maria Elisabet; Kremer, Stefanie;

    2016-01-01

    older population. A thorough understanding of the elderly as food consumers, their nutritional needs, their food perception and preferences are increasingly needed. The role of food in healthy aging was a prominent theme at the 6th European Conference on Sensory and Consumer Research, which had quality...... of life across the life span as a focal point. This short paper is based on a workshop held at the EuroSense meeting, focusing on research from sensory and consumer scientists. The workshop featured contributions focusing on food-related perception, needs and behavior of the elderly, and aimed...... at demonstrating the relevance of sensory and consumer scientists in promoting food-related well-being in an aging population. The workshop contributions are here reviewed and summarized three main themes: nutritional needs, food perception and aging, and behavioral drivers of food consumption....

  11. Treatment of Chronic Hepatitis C in the Aged - Does It Impact Life Expectancy? A Decision Analysis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaakov Maor

    Full Text Available Recent studies have demonstrated that the efficacy of interferon-free direct-acting antiviral agents (DAAs in patients over 70 is similar to that of younger age groups. Evidence continues to mount that life expectancy (LE increases with successful treatment of hepatitis C (HCV patients with advanced fibrosis. The evidence in older people is more limited. Our aim was to estimate the life year (LY and quality-adjusted life year (QALY gained by treatment of naïve patients with HCV as a function of patient's age and fibrosis stage.We constructed a Markov model of HCV progression toward advanced liver disease. The primary outcome was LY and QALY saved. The model and the sustained virological response of HCV infected subjects treated with a fixed-dose combination of the NS5B polymerase inhibitor Sofosbuvir and the NS5A replication complex inhibitor Ledipasvir were based on the published literature and expert opinion.Generally, both the number of LY gained and QALY gained gradually decreased with advancing age but the rate of decline was slower with more advanced fibrosis stage. For patients with fibrosis stage F1, F2 and F3, LY gained dropped below six months if treated by the age of 55, 65 or 70 years, respectively, while for a patient with fibrosis stage F4, the gain was one LY if treated by the age of 75. The QALY gained for treated over untreated elderly were reasonably high even for those treated at early fibrosis stage.There is a significant life expectancy benefit to HCV treatment in patients up to age 75 with advanced-stage fibrosis.

  12. Quality of life and parental styles assessed by adolescents suffering from inflammatory bowel diseases and their parents

    OpenAIRE

    Jelenova D; Prasko J; Ociskova M; Latalova K; Karaskova E; Hruby R; Kamaradova D; Mihal V

    2016-01-01

    Daniela Jelenova,1 Jan Prasko,1 Marie Ociskova,1 Klara Latalova,1 Eva Karaskova,2 Radovan Hruby,3 Dana Kamaradova,1 Vladimir Mihal21Department of Psychiatry, 2Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacký University, University Hospital, Olomouc, Czech Republic; 3Private Practice, Martin, Slovak RepublicBackground: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) in adolescents are chronic medical conditions with a substantial influence on the quality of life (QoL) of the fami...

  13. Quality of life and parental styles assessed by adolescents suffering from inflammatory bowel diseases and their parents

    OpenAIRE

    Prasko, Jan

    2016-01-01

    Daniela Jelenova,1 Jan Prasko,1 Marie Ociskova,1 Klara Latalova,1 Eva Karaskova,2 Radovan Hruby,3 Dana Kamaradova,1 Vladimir Mihal21Department of Psychiatry, 2Department of Pediatrics, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, Palacký University, University Hospital, Olomouc, Czech Republic; 3Private Practice, Martin, Slovak RepublicBackground: Inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) in adolescents are chronic medical conditions with a substantial influence on the quality of life (QoL) of the ...

  14. Unintentional Injuries in Preschool Age Children: Is There a Correlation With Parenting Style and Parental Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acar, Ethem; Dursun, Onur Burak; Esin, İbrahim Selcuk; Öğütlü, Hakan; Özcan, Halil; Mutlu, Murat

    2015-08-01

    Unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death among children. Previous research has shown that most of the injuries occur in and around the home. Therefore, parents have a key role in the occurrence and prevention of injuries. In this study, we examined the relationship among home injuries to children and parental attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, parental attitudes, and children's behavioral problems.Forty children who were admitted to the emergency department because of home injuries constitute the study group. The control group also consisted of 40 children, who were admitted for mild throat infections. The parents filled out questionnaires assessing parental ADHD, child behavioral problems, and parenting attitudes.Scores were significantly higher for both internalizing disorders and externalizing disorders in study groups. We also found that ADHD symptoms were significantly higher among fathers of injured children compared with fathers of control groups. Democratic parenting was also found to correlate with higher numbers of injuries.Parenting style, as well as the psychopathology of both the parents and children, is important factors in children's injuries. A child psychiatrist visit following an emergency procedure may help to prevent further unintentional injuries to the child. PMID:26266395

  15. Unintentional Injuries in Preschool Age Children: Is There a Correlation With Parenting Style and Parental Attention Deficit and Hyperactivity Symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acar, Ethem; Dursun, Onur Burak; Esin, İbrahim Selcuk; Öğütlü, Hakan; Özcan, Halil; Mutlu, Murat

    2015-08-01

    Unintentional injuries are the leading cause of death among children. Previous research has shown that most of the injuries occur in and around the home. Therefore, parents have a key role in the occurrence and prevention of injuries. In this study, we examined the relationship among home injuries to children and parental attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) symptoms, parental attitudes, and children's behavioral problems.Forty children who were admitted to the emergency department because of home injuries constitute the study group. The control group also consisted of 40 children, who were admitted for mild throat infections. The parents filled out questionnaires assessing parental ADHD, child behavioral problems, and parenting attitudes.Scores were significantly higher for both internalizing disorders and externalizing disorders in study groups. We also found that ADHD symptoms were significantly higher among fathers of injured children compared with fathers of control groups. Democratic parenting was also found to correlate with higher numbers of injuries.Parenting style, as well as the psychopathology of both the parents and children, is important factors in children's injuries. A child psychiatrist visit following an emergency procedure may help to prevent further unintentional injuries to the child.

  16. Comparison of social support, coping style and life satisfaction between higher vocational and undergraduate college students%高职与本科学生社会支持应对方式生活满意度比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程红; 孟秀红

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解高职与本科院校学生社会支持、应对方式和生活满意度的差异,为探讨学生社会支持、应对方式和生活满意度之间的关系提供参考依据.方法 使用领悟社会支持量表、特质应对方式问卷和多维学生生活满意度量表,对随机抽取的阜阳市高职、“2+3”五年制高职和本科院校各500名学生进行问卷调查.结果 高职学生和本科学生的社会支持和积极应对得分高于“2+3”五年制高职学生,本科学生的消极应对方式得分高于高职和“2+3”五年制高职学生,高职学生的生活满意度得分高于“2+3”五年制高职和本科学生,差异均有统计学意义(P值均<0.05).社会支持和积极应对方式与生活满意度存在显著正相关;消极应对方式与生活满意度呈负相关;积极应对方式与社会支持呈正相关,而消极应对方式与社会支持呈负相关.结论 高职与本科院校学生生活满意度存在差异,良好的社会支持和积极的应对方式有助于提升学生的生活满意度.%Objective To investigate whether differences exist in social support, coping style and life satisfaction among the students in different colleges, and to explore the relationships between social support, coping style and life satisfaction. Methods Five hundred students of each college ( Higher vocational, Five-year Higher vocational and undergraduate college) were randomly obtained by means of Perceived Social Support Scale ( PSSS) , Trait Coping Style Questionnaire (TCSQ) and Multidimensional Student' Life Satisfaction scale ( MSLSS). Results The social support and positive coping style of higher vocational and undergraduate college students was significantly higher than that of five-year higher vocational college students. The negative coping style of undergraduate college students was significantly higher than that of higher vocational and five-year higher vocational college students. The life

  17. Retaining the wisdom: Academic nurse leaders' reflections on extending the working life of aging nurse faculty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Falk, Nancy L

    2014-01-01

    Aging nurse faculty members are vital human resources who serve as educators, researchers, and leaders within baccalaureate nursing (BSN) programs. On average, aging nurse faculty members are over 50 years of age and face key retirement decisions over the next decade. The purpose of this study was to begin to build substantive theory about academic nurse leaders' perceptions of extending the academic working life of aging nurse faculty members. Nine academic nurse leaders from BSN programs nationwide were interviewed in this grounded theory study. Data were analyzed using constant comparative analysis. Four categories emerged: valuing aging nurse faculty, enduring environmental challenges, recognizing stakeholder incongruence, and readjusting. Findings reveal that aging nurse faculty members are highly valued by academic nurse leaders, bringing wisdom, experience, and institutional, historical, and cultural awareness to their many roles. Yet, some aging nurse faculty fail to keep knowledge, skills, and teaching modes current, which is problematic given the multiple environmental challenges that academic nurse leaders face. Stakeholder incongruence arises as a mismatch between the needs of the BSN program and the skills and contributions of aging nurse faculty members. BSN programs, program leaders, and aging nurse faculty members can lessen incongruence by readjusting to address the pressures, tensions, and ongoing change. PMID:24503313

  18. Effect of Progressive Muscle Relaxation on the Fatigue and Quality of Life Among Iranian Aging Persons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hassanpour-Dehkordi, Ali; Jalali, Amir

    2016-07-01

    Since the elderly population is increasing rapidly in developing countries which may decrease the physical activity and exercise and in turn could affect the elderly's quality of life, this study aimed to investigate the effect of progressive muscle relaxation on the elderly's quality of life in Iran. In a randomized clinical trial, participants were randomly divided into intervention and control groups. For the intervention group, muscular progressive relaxation was run three days per week for three months (totally 36 sessions). In relaxation, a patient contract a group of his/her muscles in each step and relaxes them after five seconds and finally loosens all muscles and takes five deep breaths. Each session lasts for 45 minutes. The instrument of data gathering consisted of questionnaires on individual's demographic data and quality of life SF-36. After intervention, quality of life increased significantly in the patients undergoing muscular progressive relaxation and fatigue severity decreased significantly in the intervention group compared to prior to intervention. In addition, there was a statistically significant difference in mean score of physical performance, restricted activity after physical problem, energy, socially function, physical pain, overall hygiene, and quality of life between intervention and control groups. By implementing regular and continuous progressive muscle relaxation, quality of life could be increased in different dimensions in the elderly and the context could be provided to age healthily and enjoy higher health and autonomy. Therefore, all of the therapeutic staffs are recommended to implement this plan to promote the elderly's quality of life. PMID:27424013

  19. Stability of Child Behavioral Style in the First 30 Months of Life: Single Timepoint and Aggregated Measures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parade, Stephanie H.; Dickstein, Susan; Schiller, Masha; Hayden, Lisa; Seifer, Ronald

    2015-01-01

    The current study examined the stability of temperament over time. Observers and mothers rated child behavior at eight timepoints across three assessment waves (8, 15, and 30 months of age). Internal consistency reliability of aggregates of the eight observer reports and eight mother reports were high. When considering single timepoint…

  20. Psychological approach to successful ageing predicts future quality of life in older adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iliffe Steve

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Public policies aim to promote well-being, and ultimately the quality of later life. Positive perspectives of ageing are underpinned by a range of appraoches to successful ageing. This study aimed to investigate whether baseline biological, psychological and social aproaches to successful ageing predicted future QoL. Methods Postal follow-up in 2007/8 of a national random sample of 999 people aged 65 and over in 1999/2000. Of 496 valid addresses of survivors at follow-up, the follow-up response rate was 58% (287. Measures of the different concepts of successful ageing were constructed using baseline indicators. They were assessed for their ability to independently predict quality of life at follow-up. Results Few respondents achieved all good scores within each of the approaches to successful ageing. Each approach was associated with follow-up QoL when their scores were analysed continuously. The biomedical (health approach failed to achieve significance when the traditional dichotomous cut-off point for successfully aged (full health, or not (less than full health, was used. In multiple regression analyses of the relative predictive ability of each approach, only the psychological approach (perceived self-efficacy and optimism retained significance. Conclusion Only the psychological approach to successful ageing independently predicted QoL at follow-up. Successful ageing is not only about the maintenance of health, but about maximising one's psychological resources, namely self-efficacy and resilience. Increasing use of preventive care, better medical management of morbidity, and changing lifestyles in older people may have beneficial effects on health and longevity, but may not improve their QoL. Adding years to life and life to years may require two distinct and different approaches, one physical and the other psychological. Follow-up health status, number of supporters and social activities, and self-rated active ageing

  1. THE MOVING OF EMOTION ON ELDERLY' S LIFE: A STUDY WITH A THIRD AGE GROUP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabíola Braz Penna

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Qualitative study which aims was to describe the emotions in elderly life and to debate the relation between emotions and elderly health. The study was developed in a third age group at Sao Gonçalo city – RJ by participant observation and semi-structured interviews with ten elderly people. After the information analysis it was possible to identify the category "The Pendulum of Emotions" and two complementary subjects: rising and descending movement of emotions on living. The elderly evidenced that their emotions represents a continuous movement which reflects straightly to the feeling of being or not healthy and living well the third age is having autonomy of daily activities and freedom to participate of leisure and physical activities. Thus, the human being needs to valorize all the stages of his life, because the process of becoming old starts from the moment we were born and the quality of life is a daily conquest in this way. KEY WORDS: Aging; Mental Health; Quality of Life.

  2. 假希瓦格(筵)类生物生活方式探讨%A DISCUSSION ON THE LIFE STYLE OF PSEUDOSCHWAGERINA FUSULINID)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    颜世永; 史宇坤

    2012-01-01

    Pseudoschwagerina is a genus of fusulinid which lived in Late Carboniferous to Middle Permian. It is generally believed that the life style of fusulinids is benthic. Since the shape of Pseud oschivagerina is different from the other fusulinids lived in the same period; their life styles are identical or not? In order to solve this problem; we selected 9 samples from 8 species of Pseudoschwagerina in South China; counted the shell turns and measured axis specimen; and thickness of the shell and axis of every circle. Using the parameters; we calculated their gravity; buoyancy in the sea water. With the movement of ocean current; we analyzed the influence of upwclling current on the 9 specimens. The results show that the small axis ratio of the Pseudoschwagerina; the stronger impact of upwelling current. Thus; the life style of the Pseudoschwagerina may change from the benthic to planktonic with the increase of hydrodynamic energy. When the hydropower was weak; they were benthic; and when the hydropower was strong; they should be floating.%假希瓦格(筵)为生活在早二叠世浅海环境中的(筵)类生物,一般认为该时期(筵)类生物的生活方式为底栖.由于假希瓦格(筵)的形态与生活在同时期的其它(筵)类存在较大的差异,它们的生活方式是否相同?为探讨这一问题,本文选取了中国华南地区的假希瓦格(筵)8种9个样本进行了统计分析,统计了假希瓦格(筵)9个样本的壳圈数、长轴、短轴及每一壳圈的长轴、短轴和壳壁厚度,利用这些参数计算得到了(筵)的重力、海水中(筵)所受的浮力,结合海洋中水流的运动方式,分析了上升海流对9个样本影响,结果表明,轴率越小的(筵)越容易受上升海流的影响,从而改变其生活方式,结合假希瓦格(筵)的生活环境,初步认为假希瓦格(筵)的生活方式为水动力条件较弱时,其以底栖生活为主,当水动力条件较强时,其生活方式可能由底栖变为漂浮.

  3. Ageing prisoners' views on death and dying: contemplating end-of-life in prison.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Handtke, Violet; Wangmo, Tenzin

    2014-09-01

    Rising numbers of ageing prisoners and goals on implementing equivalent health care in prison raise issues surrounding end-of-life care for prisoners. The paucity of research on this topic in Europe means that the needs of older prisoners contemplating death in prison have not been established. To investigate elderly prisoners' attitudes towards death and dying, 35 qualitative interviews with inmates aged 51 to 71 years were conducted in 12 Swiss prisons. About half of the prisoners reported having thought about dying in prison, with some mentioning it in relation with suicidal thoughts and others to disease and old age. Themes identified during data analysis included general thoughts about death and dying, accounts of other prisoners' deaths, availability of end-of-life services, contact with social relations, and wishes to die outside of prison. Study findings are discussed using Allmark's concept of "death without indignities," bringing forth two ethical issues: fostering autonomy and removing barriers. Attributing the identified themes to these two ethical actions clarifies the current needs of ageing prisoners in Switzerland and could be a first step towards the implementation of end-of-life services in correctional systems. PMID:24965438

  4. The Characteristics And Developing Trend Of Sports Life Style In The Micro Era%“微”时代体育生活方式特征与发展趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王璐; 卞新芳

    2015-01-01

    With the popularity of network technology , people's sports lifestyle deeply affected gradually .Based on the literature as the main research methods , such as the"micro age"social development studied influence people's way of life, analyses the "micro age"to the positive and negative effects of the mass sports lifestyle , summari-zing the "micro age"public sports lifestyle were proposed based on the main problems existing in the sports lifes-tyle "micro"era development trend as follows: to build perfect network sports service information platform;Strengthen the network sports fitness the combination of sports organizations and activity organization and reality ;U-sing the network platform , to strengthen the propaganda and popularization of science construction equipment facili -ties;Reasonable consumption , advocate thrift the mainstream of health sports life style and so on .%随着网络技术的普及,民众的体育生活方式逐渐受到深刻影响。以文献资料等为主要研究方法,对“微时代”社会发展对民众生活方式的影响进行了研究,分析了“微时代”对大众体育生活方式带来的积极与消极影响,在总结“微时代”民众体育生活方式中存在的主要问题基础上提出了“微时代“体育生活方式的如下发展趋势:构建完善的网络体育服务信息平台;加强网络体育健身组织与现实体育组织与活动的结合;利用网络平台,加强科学建设器材设施的宣传与普及;合理消费,倡导节俭健康的主流体育生活方式等。

  5. Children's Perception Of Parenting Styles In Relation To Schooling Background

    OpenAIRE

    Asha Menon

    2013-01-01

    A parenting style is a psychological construct representing standard strategies that parents use in their child rearing. Parents create their own style from a combination of factors, and these may evolve over time as the children develop their own personalities and move through life's stages. A total sample of 210 children in the age group of 8-10 years were chosen for the study which was equally divided among 3 different schools i.e. Municipal, Private, & Aided with the help of purposive sam...

  6. Kidney development in the first year of life in small-for-gestational-age preterm infants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hotoura, Efthalia; Giapros, Vasilios; Drougia, Aikaterini [University Hospital of Ioannina, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Ioannina (Greece); Argyropoulou, Maria; Papadopoulou, Frederica; Nikolopoulos, Panayiotis [University Hospital of Ioannina, Radiology Department, Ioannina (Greece); Andronikou, Styliani [University Hospital of Ioannina, Neonatal Intensive Care Unit, Ioannina (Greece); University of Ioannina Medical School, Child Health Department, Ioannina (Greece)

    2005-10-01

    Small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants have been reported to have a significantly reduced number of nephrons that could be a risk factor for development of hypertension later in life. To evaluate kidney size prospectively in relation to other anthropometric parameters during the first year of life in SGA babies. The babies in the study were 31-36 weeks' gestational age (GA) at birth and were matched with control preterm infants of similar GA, but appropriate for gestational age (AGA). The SGA infants were further classified as symmetrical and asymmetrical according to the anthropometric parameters. The total number of measurements in symmetrical SGA preterm infants was 324, in asymmetrical SGA preterm infants 295, and in AGA infants 536. In symmetrical SGA preterm infants (31-36 weeks' GA) mean kidney length ({+-} SD) of 56{+-}4 mm was significantly different from the controls (58.9{+-}4.6 mm) up to 6 months' chronological age (P < 0.05). In the asymmetrical SGA preterm infants, mean kidney length (45.3{+-}4.0 mm) was significantly different from the controls (48.2{+-}4.4 mm) up to 40 weeks' corrected age. At 1 year chronological age, all preterm infants (symmetrical and asymmetrical SGA and AGA) had similar mean kidney length (61.6{+-}4.6, 62.8{+-}4.3, and 62.3{+-}4.0 mm, respectively). The ratio of kidney length to crown-to-heel length was similar in all preterm groups. Kidney length in preterm SGA infants (symmetrical and asymmetrical) follows closely the other auxological parameters during the first year of life. (orig.)

  7. 留守与非留守儿童生活事件与应对方式比较%Comparative Study of Coping Styles and Life Events between Left - Behind Children and Non - Left - Behind Children

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓慧; 李秋丽; 王晓娟; 杨玉岩; 哈丽娜; 戴秀英

    2011-01-01

    aged 12 to 16 years old from two junior middle school in a city of Ningxia were selected. Among them,205 children were left -behind children and 235 children were non - left - behind children. All of them were investigated with Adolescents Self - Rating life Event Check List( ASLEC) and Coping Style Questionnaire. Results 1. There were 8 same events in the top ten occurred frequency events of left -behind children and non - left - behind children in the last year. The different events were the pressure of study from family, internal conflict of family,heavy burden of study and pressures upon their schoolwork. The frequency of the life event of failure in the examation or undesirable results was the highest among all events. 2. Interpersonal relationship, punishment, health adaptation and other four factors for left - behind children scored higher than those of the non - left - behind children (Pa< 0. 01). 3. Problem solving, retreats, vent, patience four factors for left - behind children scored higher than those of the non - left - behind children,the differences of the factor retreats was statistically significant by t test(P<0.01). Seeking help and fantasy two factors for left -behind children scored lower than those of the non -left -behind children, the differences of the factor seeking help was statistically significant by t test(P<0.01 ).4. For left -behind children,there were negative correlations between the factors interpersonal relationship, loss,other, health adaptation and problem solving, retreats, vent,fantasy, patience ; there were approximately positive correlations between the factors pressure of study, punishment and problem solving, seeking help, retreats, vent, fantasy, patience. For non - left - behind children,there were negative correlations between the factors interpersonal relationship, the pressure of study,punishment,health adaptation,other and seeking help; there were positive correlations between the factors pressure of study

  8. 中学生焦虑、抑郁与生活事件和应对方式研究%A Study on Anxiety, Depression, Life Events, and Coping Style of Middle School Students

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔明; 敖翔

    2002-01-01

    Objective: To study anxiety, depression, lif e events and coping styl e of the middle school students. Methods: SAS, SDS, Adoles cent Self-rating Life Events Checklist, and Coping Style Questionnaire were administered to 331 junior middle school students. Results: Prevalence rates for anx iety and depression we re 26.59% and 31.42% respectively. Significant correlations were found between l ife events and SAS scores. Negative coping style was positively correlated with scores on SAS and SDS. Conclusion: Reducing school work lo ad, reduced use of cri ticism and punishment, reduced dependant and negative coping style, and increase d harmonious relationship are important strategies for reducing anxiety and depr ession among middle school students.

  9. The Korean Social Life, Health and Aging Project-Health Examination Cohort

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Ju-Mi; Lee, Won Joon; Kim, Hyeon Chang; Choi, Wungrak; Lee, Jina; Sung, Kiho; Chu, Sang Hui; Park, Yeong-Ran; Youm, Yoosik

    2014-01-01

    The Korean Social Life, Health, and Aging Project (KSHAP) is a population-based longitudinal study of health determinants among elderly Koreans. The target population of the KSHAP are people aged 60 years or older and their spouses living in a rural community of Korea. A complete enumeration survey was conducted in the first wave of the KSHAP on 94.7% (814 of 860) of the target population between December 2011 and July 2012. The KSHAP-Health Examination (KSHAP-HE) cohort consists of 698 peopl...

  10. Day care attendance in early life, maternal history of asthma, and asthma at the age of 6 years

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Celedon, JC; Wright, RJ; Litonjua, AA; Sredl, D; Ryan, L; Weiss, ST; Gold, DR

    2003-01-01

    Among children not selected on the basis of a parental history of atopy, day care attendance in early life is inversely associated with asthma at school age. We examined the relation between day care in the first year of life and asthma, recurrent wheezing, and eczema at the age of 6 years and wheez

  11. Maternal aging affects life performance of progeny in a Holstein dairy cow model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Astiz, S; Gonzalez-Bulnes, A; Sebastian, F; Fargas, O; Cano, I; Cuesta, P

    2014-10-01

    The development and life performance of 404 high-producing Holstein dairy cows was studied from birth onwards and during two lactations. The management, environment and parental genetics of the cows were known in detail. Cluster analysis identified four performance 'types': high-yielding (HY) cows and persistently high-yielding (PHY) cows, which accounted for 33% of the animals; medium-yielding (MY) cows, 41%; and low-yielding (LY) cows, 26%. Prenatal determinants of the life performance of the progeny were analyzed. Developmental and environmental factors were excluded as determinants of performance (including birth weight, level of passive immunity transfer, growth rate, age at first parturition and reproductive efficiency). Life performance did show minor seasonal effects, with more HY cows but less PHY being born during the cold season (90.1% in HY; 58.3% in PHY v. 81.5%). Instead, the single most important factor influencing life performance of daughters was maternal age. HY cows were born from the youngest mothers (1.89±1.14 parturitions, 3.12±1.42-year old), whereas LY cows were born from the oldest (2.72±1.80 parturitions, 3.97±2.01-year old; Pmilk yield: r=0.357; fat yield: r=0.211; protein yield: r=0.277; P<0.0001), suggesting the influence of the individual. These results suggest that under optimal health, nutritional and environmental conditions, maternal aging is an important determinant of the life performance of progeny and argue for the need to identify conditions that contribute to health and disease in progeny according to the Developmental Origin of Health and Disease or DOHaD concept. Our findings may help the development of novel management guidelines for dairy farms. PMID:25084160

  12. he Effects of Glaucoma and Age-Related Macular Degeneration on Quality of Life

    OpenAIRE

    Nilüfer Koçak; Behice Elif Onur; Hüseyin Aslankara; Hasan Can Cimilli; Süleyman Kaynak

    2014-01-01

    Objectives: The aim of the study was to assess the depressive and anxiety symptoms and the quality of life (QofL) in patients treated for glaucoma and age-related macular degeneration (AMD). Materials and Methods: Between March 1 and June 30, 2008, 60 outpatients with glaucoma and AMD were included into the study. As controls, sixty patients with similar sociodemographic features and who applied to the Ophthalmology Clinics with refractive errors only were taken. All patients and ...

  13. Differential effects of ageing and BLS training experience on attitude towards basic life support

    OpenAIRE

    Enami, Miki; Takei, Yutaka; Inaba, Hideo; Yachida, Takahiro; Ohta, Keisuke; Maeda, Testuo; Goto, Yoshikazu

    2011-01-01

    Purpose of study: To determine the effects of ageing and training experience on attitude towards performing basic life support (BLS). Methods: We gave a questionnaire to attendants of the courses for BLS or safe driving in authorised driving schools. The questionnaire included questions about participants' backgrounds. The questionnaire explored the participant's willingness to perform BLS in four hypothetical scenarios related to early emergency call, cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) unde...

  14. The Effect of Aging in the Quality of Life and in the Consumer Behaviour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arminda Paço

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Population aging is a worldwide phenomenon and one of the most important demographic changes of human’s history. In 2050 there will be more people older than 60 years than above 15 years old. This situation represents an enormous challenge to markets. Understanding the effects of aging and old people consumer behaviour becomes critical. Aging is a complex, heterogeneous and individual process, affecting physical, psychological and social domains of the human being. This is a marketing concern, because aging also affects consumer behaviour and decision-making. The objective of this research is to understanding elderly population behaviour, specifically if biological age and the quality of life (WHOQOL- bref are related, the relation between biological age and exploratory buying behaviour tendencies (EBBT and search if the two constructs are statistically correlated. The sample of 150 individuals was divided into two groups (45-64 years old and ≥ 65 years old that had to respond to a questionnaire with two scales of analysis: WHOQOL-bref and EBBT. The study reveals the influence in physical domain of WHOQOL-bref, not identifying biological age influence in EBBT scale, neither any kind of statistical correlation in WHOQOL-bref domains and EBBT scale dimensions.

  15. The concept of the Equivalent Length of Life for quantifying differences in age-at-death distributions across countries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Muszyńska, M.; Janssen, F.

    2016-01-01

    Life expectancy, that is the mean age at death in a life table, is the most common measure used to describe and compare mortality distributions. Alternatives to life expectancy that have been proposed so far have also referred to only a single parameter of the mortality distribution. We propose to s

  16. Procrastination, Distress and Life Satisfaction across the Age Range – A German Representative Community Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Addressing the lack of population-based data the purpose of this representative study was to assess procrastination and its associations with distress and life satisfaction across the life span. A representative German community sample (1,350 women; 1,177 men) between the ages of 14 and 95 years was examined by the short form of the General Procrastination Scale (GPS-K; 1) and standardized scales of perceived stress, depression, anxiety, fatigue and life satisfaction. As hypothesized, procrastination was highest in the youngest cohort (14–29 years). Only in the youngest and most procrastinating cohort (aged 14 to 29 years), men procrastinated more than women. As we had further hypothesized, procrastination was consistently associated with higher stress, more depression, anxiety, fatigue and reduced satisfaction across life domains, especially regarding work and income. Associations were also found with lack of a partnership and unemployment. Findings are discussed with regard to potential developmental and cohort effects. While procrastination appears to be a pervasive indicator for maladjustment, longitudinal analyses in high-risk samples (e.g. late adolescence, unemployment) are needed to identify means and mechanisms of procrastinating. PMID:26871572

  17. Procrastination, Distress and Life Satisfaction across the Age Range - A German Representative Community Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manfred E Beutel

    Full Text Available Addressing the lack of population-based data the purpose of this representative study was to assess procrastination and its associations with distress and life satisfaction across the life span. A representative German community sample (1,350 women; 1,177 men between the ages of 14 and 95 years was examined by the short form of the General Procrastination Scale (GPS-K; 1 and standardized scales of perceived stress, depression, anxiety, fatigue and life satisfaction. As hypothesized, procrastination was highest in the youngest cohort (14-29 years. Only in the youngest and most procrastinating cohort (aged 14 to 29 years, men procrastinated more than women. As we had further hypothesized, procrastination was consistently associated with higher stress, more depression, anxiety, fatigue and reduced satisfaction across life domains, especially regarding work and income. Associations were also found with lack of a partnership and unemployment. Findings are discussed with regard to potential developmental and cohort effects. While procrastination appears to be a pervasive indicator for maladjustment, longitudinal analyses in high-risk samples (e.g. late adolescence, unemployment are needed to identify means and mechanisms of procrastinating.

  18. Procrastination, Distress and Life Satisfaction across the Age Range - A German Representative Community Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beutel, Manfred E; Klein, Eva M; Aufenanger, Stefan; Brähler, Elmar; Dreier, Michael; Müller, Kai W; Quiring, Oliver; Reinecke, Leonard; Schmutzer, Gabriele; Stark, Birgit; Wölfling, Klaus

    2016-01-01

    Addressing the lack of population-based data the purpose of this representative study was to assess procrastination and its associations with distress and life satisfaction across the life span. A representative German community sample (1,350 women; 1,177 men) between the ages of 14 and 95 years was examined by the short form of the General Procrastination Scale (GPS-K; 1) and standardized scales of perceived stress, depression, anxiety, fatigue and life satisfaction. As hypothesized, procrastination was highest in the youngest cohort (14-29 years). Only in the youngest and most procrastinating cohort (aged 14 to 29 years), men procrastinated more than women. As we had further hypothesized, procrastination was consistently associated with higher stress, more depression, anxiety, fatigue and reduced satisfaction across life domains, especially regarding work and income. Associations were also found with lack of a partnership and unemployment. Findings are discussed with regard to potential developmental and cohort effects. While procrastination appears to be a pervasive indicator for maladjustment, longitudinal analyses in high-risk samples (e.g. late adolescence, unemployment) are needed to identify means and mechanisms of procrastinating. PMID:26871572

  19. Physiological and Behavioral Vulnerability Markers Increase Risk to Early Life Stress in Preschool-Aged Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kushner, Marissa R; Barrios, Chesley; Smith, Victoria C; Dougherty, Lea R

    2016-07-01

    The study examined whether child physiological (cortisol reactivity) and behavioral (negative emotionality) risk factors moderate associations between the early rearing environment, as measured by child exposure to maternal depression and stressful life events, and preschool psychopathology and psychosocial functioning. A sample of 156 preschool-aged children (77 boys, 79 girls; age M = 49.80 months, SD = 9.57, range: 36-71) participated in an observational assessment of temperament and was exposed to a stress-inducing laboratory task, during which we obtained five salivary cortisol samples. Parents completed clinical interviews to assess child and parent psychopathology and stressful life events. Results indicated that the combination of a blunted pattern of cortisol reactivity and recent stressful life events was associated with higher levels of preschoolers' externalizing symptoms and lower psychosocial functioning. In addition, greater life stress was associated with higher levels of preschoolers' internalizing symptoms. Lastly, children with high levels of negative emotionality and who were exposed to maternal depression had the lowest social competence. Our findings highlight the critical role of the early environment, particularly for children with identified risk factors, and add to our understanding of pathways involved in early emerging psychopathology and impairment. PMID:26424217

  20. Procrastination, Distress and Life Satisfaction across the Age Range - A German Representative Community Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beutel, Manfred E; Klein, Eva M; Aufenanger, Stefan; Brähler, Elmar; Dreier, Michael; Müller, Kai W; Quiring, Oliver; Reinecke, Leonard; Schmutzer, Gabriele; Stark, Birgit; Wölfling, Klaus

    2016-01-01

    Addressing the lack of population-based data the purpose of this representative study was to assess procrastination and its associations with distress and life satisfaction across the life span. A representative German community sample (1,350 women; 1,177 men) between the ages of 14 and 95 years was examined by the short form of the General Procrastination Scale (GPS-K; 1) and standardized scales of perceived stress, depression, anxiety, fatigue and life satisfaction. As hypothesized, procrastination was highest in the youngest cohort (14-29 years). Only in the youngest and most procrastinating cohort (aged 14 to 29 years), men procrastinated more than women. As we had further hypothesized, procrastination was consistently associated with higher stress, more depression, anxiety, fatigue and reduced satisfaction across life domains, especially regarding work and income. Associations were also found with lack of a partnership and unemployment. Findings are discussed with regard to potential developmental and cohort effects. While procrastination appears to be a pervasive indicator for maladjustment, longitudinal analyses in high-risk samples (e.g. late adolescence, unemployment) are needed to identify means and mechanisms of procrastinating.

  1. 初中生生活事件对抑郁的影响:应对方式的中介效应%Mediating Effect of Coping Style between Junior Middle School Students’ Life Event and Depression

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    Abstrct: Objective To explore the relationship among life event,depression and coping style of junior middle school students. Methods 1728 junior middle school students in Shandong were tested by means of the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale(CES-D),Adolescent Self-rating Life Events Check-list(ASLEC) and Coping Style Scale for Middle School Students(CSSMSS). Results There was a significant correlation between depression and life event(r=0.475,p<0.001),depression and coping style pointing to problem(r=-0.269,p<0.001),depression and coping style pointing to emotion(r=0.472,p<0.001),life event and coping style pointing to problem(r=-0.120,p<0.001), life event and coping style pointing to emotion(r=0.375,p<0.001). Life event and coping style were effective predictivevariables of junior high school students’ depression(P<0.001).Coping style had partial mediating effect on junior high school students’ life event and depression. Conclusion We should pay attention to the effect of life event and coping style on junior high school students’ depression.%目的:了解初中生生活事件、抑郁与应对方式的关系,并探讨应对方式在生活事件和抑郁关系间的中介效应。方法采用流调中心抑郁自评量表(CES-D)、青少年生活事件量表(ASLEC)和中学生应对方式量表(CSSMSS)对山东省1728名初中生进行问卷调查。结果抑郁与生活事件呈显著正相关(r=0.475,p<0.001),与指向问题的应对呈显著负相关(r=-0.269,p<0.001),与指向情绪的应对呈显著正相关(r=0.472,p<0.001);生活事件与指向问题的应对呈显著负相关(r=-0.120,p<0.001),与指向情绪的应对呈显著正相关(r=0.375,p<0.001)。生活事件和应对方式皆对初中生抑郁有显著的预测作用(p<0.001),应对方式在初中生生活事件和抑郁间起部分中介效应。结论重视生活事件、应对方式对初中生抑郁的影响,促使初中生心理健康发展。

  2. Use of dynamic Bayesian networks for life extension assessment of ageing systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Extending the operating lifetime of ageing technical systems is of great interest for industrial applications. Life extension requires identifying and selecting decision alternatives which allow for a safe and economic operation of the system beyond its design lifetime. This article proposes a dynamic Bayesian network for assessing the life extension of ageing repairable systems. The main objective of the model is to provide decision support based on the system performance during a finite time horizon, which is defined by the life extension period. The model has three main applications: (i) assessing and selecting optimal decision alternatives for the life extension at present time, based on historical data; (ii) identifying and minimizing the factors that have a negative impact on the system performance; and (iii) reassessing and optimizing the decision alternatives during operation throughout the life extension period, based on updating the model with new operational data gathered. A case study illustrates the application of the model for life extension of a real firewater pump system in an oil and gas facility. The case study analyzes three decision alternatives, where preventive maintenance and functional test policies are optimized, and the uncertainty involved in each alternative is computed. - Highlights: • A dynamic Bayesian network is used for predicting the system performance. • The performance is measured with relevant variables: cost; unavailability; safety. • The model can be used when scarce data is available, no degradation data is needed. • The uncertainty associated to each alternative is computed in the model. • A detailed case study of a real safety system shows the applicability of the model

  3. Life at Age 100: An International Research Agenda for Centenarian Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jopp, Daniela S; Boerner, Kathrin; Ribeiro, Oscar; Rott, Christoph

    2016-01-01

    Living a long life is desired by many individuals, and this dream is likely to become reality in more and more industrialized societies. During the past 3 decades, the number of very old individuals has increased significantly, creating a global demographic challenge with consequences at the individual, family, and societal levels. Yet, life in very old age is still poorly understood in terms of its unique characteristics and challenges. Besides specific content areas, very old age represents an understudied field of research. This lack of knowledge may be one reason that the very old also are an underserved population. This special issue introduces an international network of three centenarian studies that describe and compare the life circumstances and characteristics of centenarians across Germany, Portugal, and the United States. Our parallel studies comprehensively assess centenarians' physical, cognitive, social, and psychological functioning to create a knowledge base regarding their capacities and needs. A specific focus lies in the investigation of psychological aspects, social resources, and societal/cultural contexts, factors that may contribute to longevity and successful aging. Determining key characteristics of this very old population and investigating similarities and differences across countries is timely and urgent, both from an applied and a policy standpoint. PMID:26984376

  4. Multiwork and satisfaction with various life domains: Analysis of sex, gender, occupational and age differences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnieszka Lipińska-Grobelny

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Contemporary multiwork definitely changes its face, and statistics show that Poland is in the forefront of European countries in terms of the number of multiworkers. The question arises whether the provision of work for more than one employer can influence personal and professional satisfaction, and whether job satisfaction, satisfaction with marriage and satisfaction with life are differentiated by sex, gender, age and a job position. Material and Methods: The study involved 218 multiworkers and 218 monoworkers. The subjects completed the following research tools: a survey, the Satisfaction with Life Scale, the Job Description Questionnaire, the Job Affect Scale, the Scale of Masculinity and Femininity. Results: The research shows that multiwork differentiates satisfaction with organization and management. Sex, gender, age and job position affect the whole system of satisfaction dimensions, especially satisfaction with work and with life. Interaction of multiwork and age, sex, and job position differentiate satisfaction with certain aspects of job. Conclusions: The results of the study contribute to the deepening of knowledge about psychosocial functioning of multiworkers and the phenomenon of multiwork. Med Pr 2016;67(3:385–395

  5. 生活方式指数及脂肪肝指数与银屑病的相关性研究%Study on correlation of life style index and fatty liver index with psoriatic patients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李鑫; 曹华; 王哲; 陈淑慧; 陈淑明

    2013-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the influence of life style index and fatty liver index( FLI) of psoriatic patients on the development of this skin disease. Methods Totally 150 cases of psoriatic patients and 80 healthy volunteers (control group) were included in this research. Life style of the population was investigated. Further, the level of body mass index( BMI) , triglyceride, gamma glutamyl transpeptidase and abdominal circumference were evaluated. Finally,life style index and fatty liver index were calculated and analyzed. Results Compared with control group,life style index and fatty liver index of psoriatic patients elevated significantly(P<0. 05). Besides,life style index(P = 0. 009)and fatty liver index(P = 0. 000) were associated with the development of psoriasis independently. The regression coefficient were 0. 53 and 0. 03 individually. Conclusions Inappropriate life style and fatty liver may be risk factors for the development of psoriasis.%目的 探讨银屑病患者生活方式及脂肪肝情况在银屑病发病中的作用.方法 对150例银屑病患者(银屑病组)及同期80例健康体检者(对照组)进行生活方式调查及体质量指数、甘油三酯、谷氨酰转肽酶(gamma glutamyl transpeptidase,GGT)和腹围的测定,计算其生活方式指数及脂肪肝指数(fatty liver index,FLI)并进行分析.结果 与正常健康体检者比较,银屑病患者生活方式指数及FLI明显升高,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);生活方式指数(P=0.009)及FLI(P=0.000)与银屑病发病独立相关,其回归系数分别为0.53及0.03.结论 不良生活方式及脂肪肝可能是银屑病发病的危险因素.

  6. De Novo Assembly and Genome Analyses of the Marine-Derived Scopulariopsis brevicaulis Strain LF580 Unravels Life-Style Traits and Anticancerous Scopularide Biosynthetic Gene Cluster

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Abhishek; Henrissat, Bernard; Arvas, Mikko; Syed, Muhammad Fahad; Thieme, Nils; Benz, J. Philipp; Sørensen, Jens Laurids; Record, Eric; Pöggeler, Stefanie; Kempken, Frank

    2015-01-01

    The marine-derived Scopulariopsis brevicaulis strain LF580 produces scopularides A and B, which have anticancerous properties. We carried out genome sequencing using three next-generation DNA sequencing methods. De novo hybrid assembly yielded 621 scaffolds with a total size of 32.2 Mb and 16298 putative gene models. We identified a large non-ribosomal peptide synthetase gene (nrps1) and supporting pks2 gene in the same biosynthetic gene cluster. This cluster and the genes within the cluster are functionally active as confirmed by RNA-Seq. Characterization of carbohydrate-active enzymes and major facilitator superfamily (MFS)-type transporters lead to postulate S. brevicaulis originated from a soil fungus, which came into contact with the marine sponge Tethya aurantium. This marine sponge seems to provide shelter to this fungus and micro-environment suitable for its survival in the ocean. This study also builds the platform for further investigations of the role of life-style and secondary metabolites from S. brevicaulis. PMID:26505484

  7. impact of life style on body Weight in adolescents on the basis of questionnaire findings in selected group of youth from rural and urban areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Ścibor

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Overweight and primary obesity in children and adolescents is a crucial problem in public health. Obese children and adolescents are especially susceptible to obesity in adulthood and consequently exposed to many obesity related diseases. Objective: Evaluation of overweight and primary obesity in urban and rural youth populations and comparison of life style concerning: physical activity, sedentary behaviors, dietary habits among overweight and obese adolescents and their peers with proper Body Mass Index value. Materials and methods: The study was performed in the group of 136 students from junior high school. The students with BMI value over 85th percentile of sex-specific growth charts were classified as overweight. Research tool was a questionnaire. Results: 15,9% of adolescents were overweight, out of which 4,5% were obese. There was not a significant relation between Body Mass Index and the place of residence. Overweight and obese adolescents revealed lower physical activity and tendency to spend much more time playing computer games. Adolescents with overweight or obesity did not regularly have breakfast at weekends, more often had sweets and sweet drinks and also high energy and very salty snacks instead. Conclusions: Overweight and obesity is a serious problem among students from junior high school population which calls for taking immediate preventive measures to promote healthy lifestyle among children and adolescents.

  8. Healthy life styles and perceived health status in the general population of a Northern Italian health district: a cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edoardo Colzani

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available style="font-family: MetaPlusBook-Roman; font-size: x-small;">

    Background: Evidence should drive public health initiatives to better address the most important health issues. Chronic diseases represent the main burden of healthcare expenditure in Western countries and are determined by risk factors related to behaviour. Population-based surveys should lead to well informed decision making in this field.

    Methods: A cross-sectional survey was carried out among the general population aged between 18 and 69 in the district of Monza-Brianza in Northern Italy through phone interviews. A validated questionnaire investigating health-related lifestyles and behaviours was used. The questionnaire was divided into the following parts: general health status, physical activity, smoking habit, nutrition, alcohol consumption, driving safety, cardiovascular risk, cancer screening, mental health, domestic safety and socio-economic status.

    Results: In total, 308 interviews were carried out (response rate=76%. Almost 40% reported a body mass index >25, 64.9% had high school or university degrees, 60.4% worked full-time, 26.2% were assessed as physically inactive, and 13.3% were on a weight –loss diet. In addition, 19.7% had an “at risk” alcohol consumption , especially among younger age groups. Symptoms of depression were identified in 4.9% of the study subjects, particularly in women.

    Conclusions: Age, body mass index, education, and occupation were significantly associated with the likelihood of reporting poor health status. Young subjects were more likely to be smokers and drinkers at risk. Psychological health and appropriate prescription of anti-cholesterol and anti-hypertensive drugs areì areas deserving further investigations. Nutrition, physical activity, driving safety and youth health, especially concerning drinking

  9. Preventive effect of nutrition and life style against psoriasis%营养与生活习惯对银屑病的预防作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    栾超; 陈敏; 崔盘根

    2013-01-01

    Psoriasis is associated with genetic and environmental factors,but the etiology of psoriasis has not been clarified completely.Recently,the relationship of nutrition and life style with psoriasis has attracted more and more attention,and it has been found that many nutrients such as vitamin A,vitamin B,gluten and selenium,as well as life habits such as smoking,drinking and exercise,can inhibit or trigger the development of psoriasis,and some foods which have been traditionally considered to be beneficial or harmful appear to be unrelated to psoriasis.Also,many more controversies and new questions have been presented.This contribution reviews new findings and lists controversial issues in this field,in order to provide reference for clinical practice and further research.%银屑病与遗传、环境因素均有关,但病因尚有未知之处.近年来,人们开始关注营养、生活习惯与银屑病的关系,发现有很多营养元素,如维生素A、B、谷胶、硒等和生活习惯(吸烟、饮酒、运动等)对银屑病的发病有抑制或激发作用,但有些常识中认为有益或有害的食物被证明与银屑病无关.概述此领域的研究成果以及有争议的问题,为临床和进一步研究提供参考.

  10. Empowering Grandparents Raising Grandchildren: A Training Manual for Group Leaders. Springer Series on Life Styles and Issues in Aging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, Carole B.

    Noting that grandparents in the parenting role are often overwhelmed by the problems of their children, grandchildren, and the social milieu in which they live, this manual presents a 14-session workshop series designed to empower grandparents who are raising their grandchildren alone. Designed to complement "To Grandmother's House We Go and…

  11. A birth-weight questionnaire indicated that life style modifies the birth weight and metabolic syndrome relationship at age 36

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Velde, S.J. te; Twisk, J.W.R.; Mechelen, van W.; Kemper, H.C.G.

    2005-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: Investigating the relationship between birth weight and the metabolic syndrome and the modifying effects of lifestyle in adults (36.5 years). STUDY DESIGN AND SETTING: 273 subjects completed a birth-weight questionnaire; waist circumference, HDL and triglyceride concentrations, blood pres

  12. Predictors of Love Attitudes: The Contribution of Cultural Orientation, Gender Attachment Style, Relationship Length and Age in Participants From the UK and Hong Kong

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca Smith

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research was to explore whether a model including psychological predictors at the individual, interpersonal and cultural level could predict romantic attitudes. Attachment style, cultural orientation, gender, and relationship length were tested as predictors for each of the six love styles conceptualized by Lee (1977. Adults from Britain (N = 56 and Hong Kong (N = 52 who were in a romantic relationship completed four self-report measures; a demographic questionnaire, The Individualism and Collectivism Scale (IC-S, The Experiences in Close Relationship Scale-Short Form (ECR-S and The Love Attitude Scale short form (LAS. The model successfully predicted each love style and in one case (Mania accounted for 52% of the variance in this love style. Each love attitude had a different profile, and no one predictor dominated any one style which supports Lee’s original idea that the styles are qualitatively different.

  13. Decrease of old age population mortality in Yugoslavia: Chance to increase anticipated life expectancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radivojević Biljana M.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available This study analyzes the level and structure of old age population mortality in Yugoslavia with an aim to determine the intensity of realized changes and to provide an answer to how much they are significant and to approach the positive trends noted in developed countries in the latest period. Although it was insufficiently represented in the demographic analysis, the analysis of mortality in old people is gaining importance in the world. Apart from the reasons which result from the increase in the number of old people and thus their greater participation in the total number of deceased, enviable results have been achieved in decreasing old age mortality, which are more and more in focus of interest. While earlier research reported on the dominant influence of the decrease of younger age mortality to the increase of the expectation of life at birth, recent analysis precisely confirm the importance of decreasing mortality in old people. In mortality conditions from 1997/98, an additional 13.4 years of life in average is expected for men in Yugoslavia, and 15.2 for women. During more than five decades, the anticipated life expectancy for people over the age of 65 increased for only 1.2 years for men and 1.9 years for women. Out of that, the greatest increase was realized in the period 1950/51 - 1960/61 in both sexes. A small decrease in the average life expectancy was marked with men in the period 1960/61 - 1970/71, and with women in the latest period. Otherwise, all up to the eighties, the annual rate of increase was considerably lower than the rate of increase for zero year. It was only in the period 1980/81-1990/91 that faster growth had an anticipated life expectancy for the 65 years old. However, during the nineties unfavorable changes continued with the older, especially, female population. When comparing the values of the average life expectancy for people over 65 in Yugoslavia with corresponding values in developed countries, the lagging in

  14. Genetic contribution to aging: deleterious and helpful genes define life expectancy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lao, J I; Montoriol, C; Morer, I; Beyer, K

    2005-12-01

    For the best understanding of aging, we must consider a genetic pool in which genes with negative effects (deleterious genes that shorten the life span) interact with genes with positive effects (helpful genes that promote longevity) in a constant epistatic relationship that results in a modulation of the final expression under particular environmental influences. Examples of deleterious genes affecting aging (predisposition to early-life pathology and disease) are those that confer risk for developing vascular disease in the heart, brain, or peripheral vessels (APOE, ACE, MTFHR, and mutation at factor II and factor V genes), a gene associated with sporadic late-onset Alzheimer's disease (APOE E4), a polymorphism (COLIA1 Sp1) associated with an increased fracture risk, and several genetic polymorphisms involved in hormonal metabolism that affect adverse reactions to estrogen replacement in postmenopausal women. In summary, the process of aging can be regarded as a multifactorial trait that results from an interaction between stochastic events and sets of epistatic alleles that have pleiotropic age-dependent effects. Lacking those alleles that predispose to disease and having the longevity-enabling genes (those beneficial genetic variants that confer disease resistance) are probably both important to such a remarkable survival advantage.

  15. Brain volumetric changes and cognitive ageing during the eighth decade of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritchie, Stuart J; Dickie, David Alexander; Cox, Simon R; Valdes Hernandez, Maria Del C; Corley, Janie; Royle, Natalie A; Pattie, Alison; Aribisala, Benjamin S; Redmond, Paul; Muñoz Maniega, Susana; Taylor, Adele M; Sibbett, Ruth; Gow, Alan J; Starr, John M; Bastin, Mark E; Wardlaw, Joanna M; Deary, Ian J

    2015-12-01

    Later-life changes in brain tissue volumes--decreases in the volume of healthy grey and white matter and increases in the volume of white matter hyperintensities (WMH)--are strong candidates to explain some of the variation in ageing-related cognitive decline. We assessed fluid intelligence, memory, processing speed, and brain volumes (from structural MRI) at mean age 73 years, and at mean age 76 in a narrow-age sample of older individuals (n = 657 with brain volumetric data at the initial wave, n = 465 at follow-up). We used latent variable modeling to extract error-free cognitive levels and slopes. Initial levels of cognitive ability were predictive of subsequent brain tissue volume changes. Initial brain volumes were not predictive of subsequent cognitive changes. Brain volume changes, especially increases in WMH, were associated with declines in each of the cognitive abilities. All statistically significant results were modest in size (absolute r-values ranged from 0.114 to 0.334). These results build a comprehensive picture of macrostructural brain volume changes and declines in important cognitive faculties during the eighth decade of life.

  16. Learning impairments identified early in life are predictive of future impairments associated with aging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hullinger, Rikki; Burger, Corinna

    2016-01-01

    The Morris water maze (MWM) behavioral paradigm is commonly used to measure spatial learning and memory in rodents. It is widely accepted that performance in the MWM declines with age. However, young rats ubiquitously perform very well on established versions of the water maze, suggesting that more challenging tasks may be required to reveal subtle differences in young animals. Therefore, we have used a one-day water maze and novel object recognition to test whether more sensitive paradigms of memory in young animals could identify subtle cognitive impairments early in life that might become accentuated later with senescence. We have found that these two tasks reliably separate young rats into inferior and superior learners, are highly correlated, and that performance on these tasks early in life is predictive of performance at 12 months of age. Furthermore, we have found that repeated training in this task selectively improves the performance of inferior learners, suggesting that behavioral training from an early age may provide a buffer against age-related cognitive decline. PMID:26283528

  17. Maintenance related to life management: Survey and control of equipment ageing

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this paper is to review relevant objectives and aspects of the Maintenance Evaluation and Improvement Programmes for Nuclear Power Plant Life Management. Recent experience shows that current maintenance practice often fails to directly address long-term degradation that affects singular plant components and equipment populations. Instead, delayed attention to the consequences makes good Life Management unfeasible. This has brought about the need for specific Maintenance Evaluation and Improvement Programmes to adjust to the basic objective of Life Management which is to protect against, mitigate and/or monitor ageing that affects the safe, profitable life of the facility. The paper analyses the methodologies used, incidents during their application and the main conclusions reached from the implementation of these programmes in Spanish nuclear power plants. Special attention is paid to recommended solutions for improving the efficiency of the utility's contributions, its leadership in task development and integration, and its interfaces with organisations specialised in providing services that support Life Management Programmes. The coexistence of these and other similar maintenance programmes make it necessary to integrate tasks to optimise effort and tools. The paper analyses the guidelines to be considered when integrating these Programmes with other maintenance optimisation programmes (economy and feasibility, RCM) and with tasks derived from the application of Maintenance Rule regulatory requirements. Lastly, the paper reports on the state of these Maintenance Evaluation and Improvement Programmes, their development, what prospects they have, and the Industry's initiative and actions concerning the matter. (author)

  18. Anthropometric indices and life style practices of the indigenous Orang Asli adults in Lembah Belum, Grik of Peninsular Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yusof, Hayati Mohd; Ching, Ting Siew; Ibrahim, Roshita; Lola, Safiih

    2007-01-01

    A nutritional status survey of Orang Asli (Aboriginal) adults in Lembah Belum, Grik, has been conducted involving a total of 138 subjects. Jahai (58.7%) was the main ethnic group as compared to that of Temiar (41.3%). Based on the Body Mass Index (BMI) characteristics, the majority (63.2%) of the respondents were normal, 26.7% underweight and 10.1% were either overweight or obese. However, by using two different indices of waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio, 1.6% and 10.8% of the total respondents revealed abdominal obesity, respectively. Measurement of mid upper arm muscle circumference (MUAMC) indicated that about 40% showed nutritional insufficiency whereas 0.8% showed over-nutrition. Body fat classification revealed that 53.4% of the respondents were thin, 45.8% at normal level and only 0.8% were obese. Student's t-test revealed a significant difference in anthropometric indices of body weight, height, MUAMC, triceps, sub-scapular, supra-iliac and body fat according to gender. Meanwhile, analysis of variance (ANOVA) showed significant differences in body weight, waist circumference, WHR and body fat according to different age categories. It was also found that those who smoked had lower BMI compared with non-smokers. Alcohol consumption was associated with higher BMI and WHR among the respondents. Pearson's correlation test between anthropometric measurements and socio-economic and demographic factors showed that ethnic group was the strongest variable.

  19. 孤独症儿童父母的生活质量与应对方式相关性研究%The correlativity between quality of life and coping style in the autistic children' s parents

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周长虹; 邹华; 衡中玉; 匡桂芳; 傅平

    2010-01-01

    Objective To explore quality of life and coping style of autistic children' s parents, and correlation between them. Methods 68 parents of children with autism and 64 healthy children' s parents were tested with comprehensive assessment questionnaire of the quality of life and coping style questionnaire. Data were analyzed by t -test and multivariate regression analysis. Results The scores of material life and mental health dimensions in study group(48.18 ± 12.80,60.63 ± 10.18 ) were lower than that in control group(52.71±9.84,65.79±8.64) and the difference was significant( t= -2.04, P<0.05; t= -3.09, P<0.01 ). The scores of "problem solving" coping style in study group were slower than in control group; the scores of fantasy and wincing coping style in study group were higher than that in control group. By multivariate regression analysis showed that the scores of "problem solving" coping style were positively correlated with total score of life quality,physical health,mental health and social function dimensions; the scores of "fantasy" coping style had negative correlation with the total score of life quality; the scores of "wincing" coping style had negative correlation with mental health dimension. Conclusion Parents of autistic children were more susceptible to problems of physical life and mental health. Compared to parents of normal children they are more in "fantasy and wineing style and less in" problem solving style to cope with stress, so it would affect the quality of life and mental health badly and need early intervention.%目的 探讨孤独症儿童父母的生活质量状况、应对方式及其相关性.方法 使用生活质量综合评定问卷、应付方式问卷对68例孤独症儿童的父母和64例健康儿童父母进行对照研究.同时利用t检验和多因素回归分析进行数据分析.结果 实验组的物质生活维度、心理健康维度[(48.18±12.80)分,(60.63±10.18)分]低于正常对照组[(52.71±9.84)分,(65

  20. A path analysis on life events,self-esteem,attribution style and depression among undergraduates%生活事件自尊及归因方式对大学生抑郁影响路径分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨会芹; 刘晖; 李瑗

    2011-01-01

    Objective To investigate the correlation of depression, attribution style, self-esteem and life events. Methods A total of 647 undergraduates were measured with Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale ( CES - D ), The Self-Esteem Scale ( SES ), Attribution Style Questionnaire( ASQ) and Adolescent Self-Rating Life Events Check List( ASLEC). Results Life Events, self-esteem and attribution style were significantly correlated with depression while significant correlations were obtained between self-esteem, attribution style and life events ( P < 0.01 ).Through path analysis, eelf-esteem and attribution style influenced depression directly, respectively, while self-esteem influenced depression through attribution style. Life events influenced depression through the mediators, self-esteem and attribution style. Conclusion Life events, self-esteem and attribution style are significantly correlated with depression among undergraduates, and self-esteem and attribution style influence life events as the mediators.%目的 探索抑郁与归因方式、自尊和应激的关系,为大学生抑郁早期预防和干预提供依据.方法 对整群抽取的647名大学生采用流调中心用抑郁量表(CES-D)、自尊量表(SES)、归因方式问卷(ASQ)和青少年生活事件量表(ASLEC)进行施测.结果 相关分析发现,生活事件、归因方式均与抑郁呈显著正相关;自尊与抑郁呈显著负相关;生活事件与自尊及归因方式呈显著正相关(P<0.01).路径分析发现:有5条路径显著影响抑郁的发生.归因方式对抑郁直接发生影响;自尊直接影响抑郁,同时也可通过归因方式为中介对抑郁发生影响;生活事件对抑郁的直接影响作用不显著,可经由自尊和归因方式为中介影响抑郁的发生.结论 大学生抑郁的发生与负性生活事件、自尊以及归因方式密切相关,其中自尊和归因方式在生活事件和抑郁之间起中介作用.

  1. Managing“Generation X”-Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Members of “Generation X”, that vast group of people between the ages of 20 and 33, are forcing companies to drastically rethink and reengineer their training programs. Their values, communication styles and life experiences are so different from those who came before them that traditional training doesn't stand a chance. Now be-fore you groan and grumble about catering to a fringe element, here's an incentive: Training that caters to theneeds of Generation Xers may actually be a better way to train all workers.

  2. 不孕症妇女抑郁与其应对方式、生存质量的相关性研究%Study on correlation between depression and coping style,quality of life of infertlity women

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程丽; 朱姝娟; 秦楠; 晏春丽; 王云; 雷俊

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To probe into the correlation between depression state and coping styles,quality of life of infertility women. Methods:A total of 120 infertility women were investigated by using beck depression inventory (BDI) , simplified coping style questionnaire (SCSQ) and WHOQOL - BREF. Results:There was statistical significant difference in coping styles and each domain of quality of life between no - depression group and depression group (Pstyle and quality of life of infertility women; Level of education,economic conditions,negative response, physiological field and psychological field were the main influencing factors of depression of infertility women. Conclusion: The depression incidence of infertility women is higher, and depression is closely related with coping styles and quality of life, so the medical staff should help the infertility women to adopt the effective coping styles and think highly of psychological intervention, so as to reduce depression incidence and enhance their quality of life.%[目的]探讨不孕症妇女抑郁状况与应对方式、生存质量的相关关系.[方法]采用贝克抑郁问卷(BDI)、简易应对方式问卷(SCSQ)和世界卫生组织生存质量测定量表简表(WHOQOL-BREF),对120例不孕症妇女进行问卷调查.[结果]无抑郁组和伴抑郁组不孕症妇女在应对方式和生存质量各领域差异有统计学意义(P<0.05);抑郁、应对方式和生存质量之间存在着不同程度相关性;受教育程度、经济状况、消极应对、生理领域和心理领域是不孕症妇女抑郁的主要影响因素.[结论]不孕症妇女抑郁发生率较高,抑郁与应对方式和生存质量有密切联系,医务人员应有针对性地协助不孕症妇女采取有效的应对方式,重视心理干预,降低抑郁发生率,提高其生存质量.

  3. Rate and style of ice stream retreat constrained by new surface-exposure ages: The Minch, NW Scotland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradwell, Tom; Small, David; Fabel, Derek; Dove, Dayton; Cofaigh, Colm O.; Clark, Chris; Consortium, Britice-Chrono

    2016-04-01

    Chronologically constrained studies of former ice-sheet extents and dynamics are important for understanding past cryospheric responses and modelling future ice-sheet and sea-level change. As part of the BRITICE-CHRONO project, we present new geomorphological and chronological data from a marine-terminating ice stream system in NW Europe that operated during the Late Weichselian Glaciation. A suite of 51 cosmogenic-nuclide exposure ages from ice sheet moraines and glacially transported boulders constrain the maximum extent of the ice sheet on the continental shelf (~28 ka BP) and its subsequent retreat, between ~27 and 16 ka BP, into a large marine embayment (ca. 7000 km2; the Minch, NW Scotland). Recently acquired swath bathymetry and acoustic sub-bottom profiler data reveal several large transverse grounding-zone wedges up to 40 m thick and 5 km wide with diagnostic acoustic-facies architecture. These seabed sediment wedges mark former quasi-stable positions of grounded marine-terminating ice-stream fronts; their size and thickness suggest long-lived stillstands of the order of centuries. Statistically significant clusters of exposure ages from glacial deposits on islands and intervening headlands shed important new light on the age of these marine grounding-zone wedges and, by inference, the rate and timing of Minch palaeo-ice stream retreat. We find strong evidence for episodic ice stream retreat on the continental shelf between ~28-24 ka BP, in the outer Minch between ~24-22 ka BP, and in the central Minch between 22-18.5 ka BP. In contrast, final ice stream deglaciation (<18 ka) across the deepest parts of the inner Minch embayment, was probably rapid and uninterrupted - with the ice sheet margin at or close to the present-day coastline in NW Scotland by 16.1 ka BP. It is hoped that these results will form the empirical basis for future ice-sheet modelling of this dynamically sensitive sector of the British-Irish Ice Sheet.

  4. Age at menopause, reproductive life span, and type 2 diabetes risk results from the EPIC-interAct Study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brand, J.S.; Schouw, van der Y.T.; Onland-Moret, N.; Sharp, S.J.; Feskens, E.J.M.

    2013-01-01

    OBJECTIVEAge at menopause is an important determinant of future health outcomes, but little is known about its relationship with type 2 diabetes. We examined the associations of menopausal age and reproductive life span (menopausal age minus menarcheal age) with diabetes risk.RESEARCH DESIGN AND MET

  5. Age and Anomia in Middle and Later Life: A Multivariate Analysis of a National Sample of White Men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pope, Hallowell; Ferguson, Miller Dwayne

    1982-01-01

    Tested whether the aged status in America results in distrust and despair with the social order (anomia). A multivariate regression analysis utilizing data on 354 men aged 40 and older showed no relationship between age or other indicators of life chances or anomia, net of education and/or verbal intelligence. (Author/RC)

  6. Conditions of life and climacteric in middle aged women in a health area of Sancti Spiritus.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Esther de la Torre Cárdenas

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available A climacteric is one of the difficult steps in women life in which a particular attention is needed by the doctor and a big comprehension from the social point of view. A retrospective descriptive study was made in the South Area Polyclinic of Sancti Spiritus Municipality, period january – april 2007, with a female population having between 45 -59 years of age from 8 family medical clinics, 4 belonging to the urban area and 4 to the rural one (191 in total, including all which referred to present any disorder with the menstrual cycle due to excess or defect in the 6 months previous to interview (165 in total with the objective to evaluate the relation between conditions of life and the frequency; criticality and morbidity associated with menopause syndrome. Life conditions, kind of work, kind of activity carried out and associated pathologies are the factors that according to the study influence in frequency, criticality and morbidity associated with menopause syndrome in middle aged women and the overhead given by the conditioning of gender, favored the appearance of symptoms such as hot, depression, anxiety, tachycardia and vaginal dryness.

  7. The Age Distribution of Potential Intelligent Life in the Milky Way

    CERN Document Server

    Legassick, Daniel

    2015-01-01

    We investigated the habitability of the Milky Way, making use of recent observational analysis on the prevalence of Earth-sized planets, in order to estimate where and when potentially habitable star systems may have formed over the course of the Galaxy's history. We were then able to estimate the age distribution of potential intelligent life in our Galaxy using our own evolution and the age of the Sun as a proxy. To do this we created a galactic chemical evolution model and applied the following habitability constraints to the Sun-like (G-type) stars formed in our model: an environment free from life-extinguishing supernovae, a high enough metallicity for Earth-sized planet formation and sufficient time for the evolution of complex life. We determined a galactic habitable zone as the region containing all the potentially habitable star systems in our model. Our galactic habitable zone contains stars formed between 11 and 3.8 billion years ago at radial distances of between 7 and 14 kiloparsecs. We found tha...

  8. Better life, better work: implications about life style and working capability for sci-tech journal editors%生活精彩,工作才能精彩——18年编辑生涯感悟

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁滨

    2013-01-01

    由于科技期刊工作的特点,长期从事科技期刊编辑工作容易出现焦虑、厌倦、淡漠情绪.认为:科技期刊编辑只有生活精彩,工作才能精彩.应保持生活的激情、思维的活力、怡情的爱好、写作的热情和优雅的形象.只要热爱生活,就能保持工作的动力与创意的源泉,灵感与思路、热情与干劲,让编辑工作在快乐愉悦中完成,实现自我效能的最佳发挥.%Some negative emotions such as anxiety,boredom and apathy are likely to occur among sci-tech journal editors who have been long engaged in this career due to the characteristics of journal editing work.Based on the author's experiences,it is believed that colorful life style can bring wonderful work.Sci-tech journal editors should keep intense passion to life,brisk thinking,cheerful hobbies,enthusiasm to writing,and gentle appearance.Editors will maintain passion of working,source of innovation,inspiration,thinking and enthusiasm if they love life,and can agreeably accomplish editor's career planning to show the best self-efficacy.

  9. Style Wars

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Handberg, Kristian

    2011-01-01

    Postmodernismen er kommet på museum i Victoria and Alberts stort anlagte udstilling Postmodernism. Style and Subversion 1970-1990. Reportage fra en udstilling, der spænder fra filosofi til firserpop og tager den nære fortid på museum.......Postmodernismen er kommet på museum i Victoria and Alberts stort anlagte udstilling Postmodernism. Style and Subversion 1970-1990. Reportage fra en udstilling, der spænder fra filosofi til firserpop og tager den nære fortid på museum....

  10. Age-Related Change in Mobility: Perspectives From Life Course Epidemiology and Geroscience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrucci, Luigi; Cooper, Rachel; Shardell, Michelle; Simonsick, Eleanor M; Schrack, Jennifer A; Kuh, Diana

    2016-09-01

    Mobility is the most studied and most relevant physical ability affecting quality of life with strong prognostic value for disability and survival. Natural selection has built the "engine" of mobility with great robustness, redundancy, and functional reserve. Efficient patterns of mobility can be acquired during development even by children affected by severe impairments. Analogously, age-associated impairments in mobility-related physiological systems are compensated and overt limitations of mobility only occur when the severity can no longer be compensated. Mobility loss in older persons usually results from multiple impairments in the central nervous system, muscles, joints, and energetic and sensory physiological systems. Early preclinical changes in these physiological systems that precede mobility loss have been poorly studied. Peak performance, rate of decline, compensatory behaviors, or subclinical deterioration of physiological resources may cumulatively influence both timing of mobility loss and chances of recovery, but their role as risk factors has not been adequately characterized. Understanding the natural history of these early changes and intervening on them would likely be the most effective strategy to reduce the burden of disability in the population. For example, young women with low bone peak mass could be counseled to start strength resistance exercise to reduce their high risk of developing osteoporosis and fracture later in life. Expanding this approach to other physiological domains requires collecting and interpreting data from life course epidemiological studies, establishing normative measures of mobility, physical function, and physical activity, and connecting them with life course trajectories of the mobility-relevant physiological domains.

  11. Age-Related Change in Mobility: Perspectives From Life Course Epidemiology and Geroscience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrucci, Luigi; Cooper, Rachel; Shardell, Michelle; Simonsick, Eleanor M; Schrack, Jennifer A; Kuh, Diana

    2016-09-01

    Mobility is the most studied and most relevant physical ability affecting quality of life with strong prognostic value for disability and survival. Natural selection has built the "engine" of mobility with great robustness, redundancy, and functional reserve. Efficient patterns of mobility can be acquired during development even by children affected by severe impairments. Analogously, age-associated impairments in mobility-related physiological systems are compensated and overt limitations of mobility only occur when the severity can no longer be compensated. Mobility loss in older persons usually results from multiple impairments in the central nervous system, muscles, joints, and energetic and sensory physiological systems. Early preclinical changes in these physiological systems that precede mobility loss have been poorly studied. Peak performance, rate of decline, compensatory behaviors, or subclinical deterioration of physiological resources may cumulatively influence both timing of mobility loss and chances of recovery, but their role as risk factors has not been adequately characterized. Understanding the natural history of these early changes and intervening on them would likely be the most effective strategy to reduce the burden of disability in the population. For example, young women with low bone peak mass could be counseled to start strength resistance exercise to reduce their high risk of developing osteoporosis and fracture later in life. Expanding this approach to other physiological domains requires collecting and interpreting data from life course epidemiological studies, establishing normative measures of mobility, physical function, and physical activity, and connecting them with life course trajectories of the mobility-relevant physiological domains. PMID:26975983

  12. Bruxism and quality of life in schoolchildren aged 11 to 14.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carvalho, Arethuza de Melo Brito; Lima, Marina de Deus Moura de; Silva, José Mário Nunes da; Neta, Neusa Barros Dantas; Moura, Lúcia de Fátima Almeida de Deus

    2015-11-01

    The purpose of this study is to assess quality of life in relation to oral health in schoolchildren with sleep bruxism. It is a transversal observational study of 594 schoolchildren (aged 11-14) of the municipality of Teresina, in the Brazilian State of Piauí. Quality of life was assessed through the Brazilian version of the CPQ11-14 questionnaire, in the short form (ISF:16).The presence of sleep bruxism was assessed from reports by the people legally responsible for the children. The results were analyzed by: calculation of an Odds Ratio (OR) estimate of chances; descriptive analysis; a Pearson Chi-squared test; a Likelihood Ratio test; and multiple logistic regression. A statistically significant association was found between sleep bruxism and the total score on the CPQ11-14 (p bruxism increases the chance of having a greater effect on quality of life (ORadj=1.82 (1.54 - 2.10), IC = 95%).It is concluded that sleep bruxism had a negative impact on the quality of life of the schoolchildren, principally in the two domains functional limitations and changes in social wellbeing. PMID:26602716

  13. Gender differences in metformin effect on aging, life span and spontaneous tumorigenesis in 129/Sv mice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anisimov, Vladimir N.; Piskunova, Tatiana S.; Popovich, Irina G.; Zabezhinski, Mark A.; Tyndyk, Margarita L.; Egormin, Peter A.; Yurova, Maria N.; Rosenfeld, Svetlana V.; Semenchenko, Anna V.; Kovalenko, Irina G.; Poroshina, Tatiana E.; Berstein, Lev M.

    2010-01-01

    Studies in mammals have led to the suggestion that hyperglycemia and hyperinsulinemia are important factors both in aging and in the development of cancer. It is possible that the life-prolonging effects of calorie restriction are due to decreasing IGF-1 levels. A search of pharmacological modulators of insulin/IGF-1 signaling pathway (which mimetic effects of life span extending mutations or calorie restriction) could be a perspective direction in regulation of longevity. Antidiabetic biguanides are most promising among them. The chronic treatment of inbred 129/Sv mice with metformin (100 mg/kg in drinking water) slightly modified the food consumption but failed to influence the dynamics of body weight, decreased by 13.4% the mean life span of male mice and slightly increased the mean life span of female mice (by 4.4%). The treatment with metformin failed influence spontaneous tumor incidence in male 129/Sv mice, decreased by 3.5 times the incidence of malignant neoplasms in female mice while somewhat stimulated formation of benign vascular tumors in the latter. PMID:21164223

  14. Population aging in Albanian post-socialist society: Implications for care and family life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meçe Merita

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Population aging is becoming an inevitable phenomenon in Albanian post-socialist society, posing multi-faceted challenges to its individuals, families and society as a whole. Since 1991, the Albanian population has been exposed to intensive demographic changes caused by unintended aspects of socio-economic transition from a planned socialist economy to a market-oriented capitalist one (Hoff, 2008. Ongoing processes of re-organization of social institutions increased its socio-economic insecurity leading to the application of various coping mechanisms. While adjusting themselves to other aspects of life, people changed their decisions of having children and leaving the country (Hoff, 2008. On the other hand, replacement of former traditional extended family forms with diverse living arrangements and family structures has been the outcome of the combination of three factors: falling fertility, increasing life expectancy and increasing migration (INSTAT, 2014.

  15. Life style and health-related behaviors among rural residents%农村居民生活方式及健康行为调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡月; 陈福宽; 龚磊; 孙大勤; 董昀球; 王萱萱; 康琦; 陈家应

    2013-01-01

    Objective To investigate diet behavior and physical exercise for the promotion of healthy life style among rural residents.Methods Multistage stratified random sampling method was used to select 900 families in Gaoyou city of Jiangsu province.The family members over t5 years old were inquired with a self-made questionnaire about life style and diet behavior.Results The smoking rates in the males and females were 54.6% and 2.1% and the alcohol drinking rates in the males and females were 44.6% and 1.2%,respectively.The smoking rate and drinking rate in the males were significantly higher than those in the females(x2 =983.389,x2 =717.835,P <0.001 for all).The percentage of people having heavy salt diet frequently or sometimes was 62.4% ;the percentage of people eating fried,baked and pickled food frequently or sometimes was 50.6% and 32.5% of the residents had no physical exercise.There were significant differences in the prevalence of chronic illness and self-rated health among the residents with different level of physical exercise (x2 = 34.768,x2 = 114.091,P < 0.001).Conclusion Male residents in rural areas of Gaoyou city of Jiangsu province have a higher smoking rate and smoking more frequently than female residents.Rural residents should change their eating habits,enhance their awareness of physical exercise,and promote healthy lifestyle.%目的 了解农村居民饮食、锻炼等生活习惯,引导居民健康正确的生活行为方式.方法 采用多阶段分层随机抽样方法,通过自行设计的生活方式及行为调查表对江苏省高邮市抽取的900个样本户中>15岁的2 456名农村居民进行问卷调查.结果 男性吸烟率为54.6%,女性吸烟率为2.1%,男性饮酒率为44.6%,女性饮酒率为1.2%,男性吸烟率、饮酒率均高于女性(x2= 983.389、717.835,P<0.001);经常和有时吃过咸食物的居民分别占13.8%和48.6%,经常和有时吃油炸、熏烤、

  16. STUDY ON THE STATUS OF THE HEALTHY LIFE STYLE AND BEHAVIOR AND BASIC TECHNICAL ABILITY OF RESIDENTS IN SHANTOU%汕头市居民健康生活方式与行为及基本技能监测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈泽华; 钟海波; 陈森玲; 张秀华; 刘健鹏; 许统鑫

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] To investigate the status of the healthy life style and behavior and basic technical ability and its influencing factors of residents in shantou. [ Methods] Self-designed questionnaires were used to investigate the healthy life style and behavior of 1 002 adults aged 16-70 years old among urban and rural residents in shantou. [ Results] The average rate of healthy life style and behavior was 44.0%, and the average rate of basic technical ability of health literacy was 57.7%. There was significant difference between rural residents and urban residents (P < 0.05), and there was significant different a-mong the different education and genders and income (P < 0.05). [Conclusion] The level of the healthy life style and behavior and basic technical ability of residents in shantou City needed to be improved, and the activity on health literacy promotion should be developed depending on health education network.%[目的]了解汕头市城乡居民健康素养中关于健康生活方式与行为、基本技能方面的掌握情况.[方法]采用自行设计的居民健康素养调查问卷.分别抽取城市社区和农村社区16~17岁人群共1 002人进行无记名封闭式调查.[结果]汕头市公民健康生活方式与行为总形成率为44.00%,健康素养基本技能掌握率为57.75%,城乡、年龄、文化程度、经济收入等人口学特征影响到健康生活方式与行为的形成及基本健康技能的掌握(P<0.05).[结论]汕头市公民健康生活方武与行为形成及健康素养基本技能掌握水平不高,应利用城乡健康教育网络,全面铺开健康素养促进行动.

  17. Social Determinants of Active Aging: Differences in Mortality and the Loss of Healthy Life between Different Income Levels among Older Japanese in the AGES Cohort Study

    OpenAIRE

    Hirai, Hiroshi; Kondo, Katsunori; Kawachi, Ichiro

    2012-01-01

    We examined the relationship between income, mortality, and loss of years of healthy life in a sample of older persons in Japan. We analyzed 22,829 persons aged 65 or older who were functionally independent at baseline as a part of the Aichi Gerontological Evaluation Study (AGES). Two outcome measures were adopted, mortality and loss of healthy life. Independent variables were income level and age. The occurrence of mortality and need for care during these 1,461 days were tracked. Cox regress...

  18. CONCEPT OF LIFE QUALITY OF FAMILIES WITH EARLY AGE CHILD WITH ENDANGERED DEVELOPMENT DUE TO DISABILITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Šándorová Zdenka

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In the Czech Republic, there is a trend nowadays in supporting families caring for a child vulnerable due to disability. A network of services offering support to these families is growing. Causes of this fact can be found at three different levels, on the child and family side, but also at the support system. Concept of a life quality, and it´s various dimensions for this target group, have been neglected until recently. Present time, however, introduces significant changes in an approach to this issue and the concept of life quality in general is getting to the fore within the interagency scope and the social policy. In this particular case it presents a complex construct comprising many subunits. We can look at them from a variety of perspectives and operate with them in many different ways. This paper solves a view at this concept unusually at the background of the specific activities of Early Care Centre in Pardubice. For the paper processing qualitative research strategies have been used – description of organization´s material and quantitative survey (evaluation questionnaire for the year 2012. Particular aim of this paper is to describe activities of Early Care Centre in Pardubice which affect the concept of life quality of families with child (early age vulnerable due to disability. Results analysis of the evaluation survey which is aimed to identify some of quality indicators of service provided in 2012 also at the Centre for Early Intervention in Pardubice and comparison with the material of the National Centre of social services transformation support - A system of services for children and young people with disabilities and their families (Bačáková, 2013. Results evaluate the life quality concept for families with children in early age with the endangered development due to disability from the position of the family, support and assistance provider and support and assistance evaluator. The conclusion summarizes the problem

  19. Qualidade de vida em adolescentes asmáticos: avaliação da gravidade da asma, comorbidade e estilo de vida Quality of life of asthmatic adolescents: assessment of asthma severity, comorbidity, and life style

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katia T. Nogueira

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar a qualidade de vida (QV de adolescentes asmáticos e sua associação com a gravidade da asma, doenças crônicas e estilo de vida. MÉTODO: Estudo seccional em 210 adolescentes asmáticos entre 12 e 21 anos de ambos os sexos. Utilizou-se questionário autopreenchível, o Paediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire. Variáveis explicativas: doenças alérgicas, uso de medicamentos, fumo passivo, trabalho, gravidade da asma e estilo de vida. As análises consideraram o desfecho dicotômico (QV boa/ruim a partir da média dos escores. Modelos lineares generalizados (log-binomial foram utilizados para o cálculo de razões de prevalência (RP brutas e ajustadas. RESULTADOS: Quarenta e seis por cento das meninas e 57% dos meninos apresentavam uma QV ruim. Não houve correlação entre doenças crônicas e QV ruim. Escolaridade baixa, uso de medicamentos, fumo passivo e trabalho tiveram relação estatisticamente significativa (p OBJECTIVE: To assess the quality of life (QoL of asthmatic adolescents and its association with asthma severity, chronic diseases, and life style. METHOD: Cross-sectional study involving 210 female and male asthmatic adolescents between 12 and 21 years old. The Paediatric Asthma Quality of Life Questionnaire, a self-administered instrument, was used. Explanatory variables were: allergic diseases, use of medication, passive smoking, occupational status, asthma severity, and life style. The analyses considered the dichotomous outcome (good/poor QoL based on the mean scores. Generalized linear models (log-binomial were used to calculate the crude and adjusted prevalence ratios (PR. RESULTS: Forty-six per cent of the girls and 57% of the boys had poor QoL. There was no correlation between chronic diseases and poor QoL. Low educational level, use of medication, passive smoking, and occupational factors had a statistically significant association (p < 0.05 with poor QoL. The adjusted analysis showed that

  20. Oral health-related quality of life in an aging Canadian population

    OpenAIRE

    Kotzer Robert D; Lawrence Herenia P; Clovis Joanne B; Matthews Debora C

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Background The purpose of the study is to describe the impact of oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) on the lives of pre-seniors and seniors living in Nova Scotia, Canada. Methods This cross-sectional study involved 1461 participants, grouped by age (pre-seniors [45–64] and seniors [65+]) and residential status (long-term care facility [LTC] or community). OHRQoL was measured using the 14-item Oral Health Impact Profile questionnaire (OHIP-14) in a random digit dialing telep...

  1. Coping styles of music teachers

    OpenAIRE

    Staniçi, Jelena; Stankovi, Ivana; Bogunovi, Blanka

    2009-01-01

         The previous findings have shown that musicians as well as music teachers differ in personality characteristics from the general population. There are strong indications that musicians are exposed to numerous stressful situations during their education and professional life. We aimed to: identify preferred coping styles of music teachers and their possible difference in comparison to non-music teachers* coping styles, as well as to depict their relationship taking into consideration c...

  2. Life-course origins of the ages at menarche and menopause

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Forman MR

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Michele R Forman,1 Lauren D Mangini,1 Rosenie Thelus-Jean,2 Mark D Hayward31Nutritional Sciences, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, 2Office of the Surgeon General, Department of the Army, Washington DC, 3Population Research Center, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX, USAAbstract: A woman's age at menarche (first menstrual period and her age at menopause are the alpha and omega of her reproductive years. The timing of these milestones is critical for a woman's health trajectory over her lifespan, as they are indicators of ovarian function and aging. Both early and late timing of either event are associated with risk for adverse health and psychosocial outcomes. Thus, the search for a relationship between age at menarche and menopause has consequences for chronic disease prevention and implications for public health. This article is a review of evidence from the fields of developmental biology, epidemiology, nutrition, demography, sociology, and psychology that examine the menarche–menopause connection. Trends in ages at menarche and menopause worldwide and in subpopulations are presented; however, challenges exist in constructing trends. Among 36 studies that examine the association between the two sentinel events, ten reported a significant direct association, two an inverse association, and the remainder had null findings. Multiple factors, including hormonal and environmental exposures, socioeconomic status, and stress throughout the life course are hypothesized to influence the tempo of growth, including body size and height, development, menarche, menopause, and the aging process in women. The complexity of these factors and the pathways related to their effects on each sentinel event complicate evaluation of the relationship between menarche and menopause. Limitations of past investigations are discussed, including lack of comparability of socioeconomic status indicators and biomarker use across studies, while

  3. Relation between medical sociology and sociology of ageing or later life. A new challenges, social expectations and dilemmas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tobiasz-Adamczyk Beata

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Medical sociology has not paid special attention to observed demographic changes associated with the “greying of societies”. Lack of interest in ageing has resulted in the necessity to develop a new subdiscipline - sociology of aging. The evolution of this subdiscipline has been described in relation to social gerontology. Theories of aging (healthy, successful have been presented in relation to new changes. Dilemmas and intractable problems focus on prejudices concerning the older persons, gender-related differences in the quality of life in older age, elderly abuse, and quality of life in mentally ill old people as well as other issues.

  4. Relationship among Depression and Life events 、Coping styles of Medical students%医学生抑郁与生活事件、应对方式的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱云柯; 李同舟; 吴丹; 吴秀娟

    2016-01-01

    Objective :To explore the relationship between depression and life events of medical students ,check the mediating effect of coping styles between them and provide basis for the psychological health education of medical college .Methods :Students of Xuzhou Medical College were asked to complete the questionnaire survey consist of self- reported depression scale(SDS) ,adolescent life event scale(ASLEC)and simple coping style questionnaire(SCSQ) . Results :The rate of depression in medical students was 32 .23% ,medical students'depression score had significant differences between gender ,grade and major(P < 0 .01) .Depression and life events ,coping styles were related with each other(P < 0 .01) ,coping styles had partial mediating effect between life events and depression .Conclusion :Cop‐ing styles has partial mediating effect between life events and depression of medical students .%目的:探讨医学生抑郁与生活事件的关系,检验应对方式在两者间的中介作用,以期为医学院校心理健康教育提供依据。方法:采用抑郁自评量表(SDS)、青少年生活事件量表(ASLEC)和简易应对方式问卷(SCSQ )对徐州医学院的在校医学生进行问卷调查。结果:医学生的抑郁检出率为32.23%,不同性别、年级和专业的医学生抑郁得分有统计学差异(P <0.01),抑郁与生活事件、应对方式均两两相关(P <0.01),应对方式在抑郁和生活事件中起着部分中介作用。结论:应对方式在医学生的抑郁与生活事件之间存在着部分中介作用。

  5. On the Leisure life of England peasants in the Late Middle Ages%中世纪晚期英国农民休闲生活考察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭华

    2009-01-01

    休闲娱乐在中世纪晚期英国农民的日常生活中占据重要地位.由于乡村社会的娱乐活动丰富多样,传统社会时代的英国被人们称为"快乐的英格兰".休闲娱乐作为一种积极的生活方式,既提升了农民的生活质量,又为乡村社会的发展注入了活力.从乡村的礼庆娱乐和宗教节日娱乐两方面进行考察,探讨中世纪晚期英国农民休闲生活状况,可透视英国社会的变迁.%Recreations played an important role in farmers' daily lives in Late Medieval England. There were a wide variety of recreational activities in rural society, so England in traditional society was often called "Happy England". As a positive life style, recreational activities not only enhanced the quality of farmers' lives but improved the development of rural society as well. The paper studies British farmers' recreational activities on each important occasion and religious festivals so as to examine the status of British farmers' leisure life in the later Middle Ages and explore the changes of British society.

  6. Wisdom-related knowledge in a life review task: age differences and the role of professional specialization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staudinger, U M; Smith, J; Baltes, P B

    1992-06-01

    The study adopts life review as an avenue to access wisdom-related knowledge and examines the contribution of age and type of professional specialization to individual differences in wisdom-related knowledge. Women from 2 age groups/cohorts (young, M = 32 years; old, M = 71 years) and different professional specializations (human services vs. nonhuman services) were asked to think aloud about the life review of a fictitious woman who was either young or old. Verbal protocols were scored on 5 wisdom-related criteria: factual and procedural knowledge about life, life-span contextualism, relativism of values, recognition, and management of uncertainty. Three major findings emerged. First, human-services professionals outperformed the control group. Second, old adults performed as well as young adults. Third, for older adults wisdom-related performance was enhanced by the match between their own age and the age of the fictitious character. PMID:1610516

  7. Episodic memories as building blocks of identity processing styles and life domains satisfaction: Examining need satisfaction and need for cognitive closure in memories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouizegarene, Nabil; Philippe, Frederick L

    2016-01-01

    The interconnection between identity and memory is widely accepted, but the processes underlying this association remain unclear. The present study examined how specific experiential components of self-defining memories relate to identity processing styles. We also investigated whether those relationships occurred in a domain-specific manner. Participants (n = 583) completed the Identity Style Inventory-3, which we adapted to measure identity in the school and friend domains, as well as scales assessing their friend and school satisfaction. They then described a memory related to each of these domains and rated the level of need satisfaction and need for cognitive closure characterising each memory. Results from structural equation modeling revealed that need satisfaction in the school-related memory was positively associated with an informational identity style at school and with satisfaction at school, whereas need satisfaction in the friend-related memory was positively associated with an informational identity style in both the school and friend domain, and with satisfaction with friends. In addition, need for cognitive closure in both the friend- and school-related memory was associated with normative friend and school identity processing styles. These findings reveal that specific experiential components of self-defining memories are associated with certain identity processing styles. Furthermore, this relationship appears to be mostly domain-specific.

  8. Age Specificity of Inbreeding Load in Drosophila melanogaster and Implications For the Evolution of Late-Life Mortality Plateaus

    OpenAIRE

    Rose M Reynolds; Temiyasathit, Sara; Reedy, Melissa M.; Ruedi, Elizabeth A; Drnevich, Jenny M.; Leips, Jeff; Hughes, Kimberly A

    2007-01-01

    Current evolutionary theories explain the origin of aging as a byproduct of the decline in the force of natural selection with age. These theories seem inconsistent with the well-documented occurrence of late-life mortality plateaus, since under traditional evolutionary models mortality rates should increase monotonically after sexual maturity. However, the equilibrium frequencies of deleterious alleles affecting late life are lower than predicted under traditional models, and thus evolutiona...

  9. Health, disability, and life insurance experiences of working-age persons with multiple sclerosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iezzoni, L I; Ngo, L

    2007-05-01

    Working-age Americans with multiple sclerosis (MS) may face considerable financial insecurities when they become unable to work and lack the health, disability, and life insurance typically offered through employers. In order to estimate the rates of having these insurance policies, as well as how insurance status affects reports of financial stress, we conducted half-hour telephone interviews with 983 working-age persons across the US, who reported being diagnosed with MS. The interviews occurred from May through November 2005, and among the sampled individuals contacted and confirmed eligible, 93.2% completed the interview. The study population was largely female (78.9%), Caucasian (86.4%), married (68.6%), with at least some college education (71.5%), and unemployed (60.2%). Overall, 96.3% had some health insurance (40.3% with public health insurance, primarily Medicare), 56.7% had long-term disability insurance (36.4% with public programs), and 68.3% had life insurance. Notably, 27.4% indicated that, since being diagnosed with MS, health insurance concerns had significantly affected employment decisions. In addition, 16.4% reported considerable difficulty paying for health care, 27.4% put off or postponed seeking needed health care because of costs, and 22.3% delayed filling prescriptions, skipped medication doses, or split pills because of costs. Overall, 26.6% reported considerable worries about affording even basic necessities, such as food, utilities, and housing.

  10. Aging of concrete components and its significance relative to life extension of nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear power currently supplies about 16% of the US electricity requirements, with the percentage expected to rise to 20% by 1990. Despite the increasing role of nuclear power in energy production, cessation of orders for new nuclear plants in combination with expiration of operating licenses for several plants in the next 15 to 20 years results in a potential loss of electrical generating capacity of 50 to 60 gigawatts during the time period 2005 to 2020. A potential timely and cost-effective solution to the problem of meeting future energy demand is available through extension of the service life of existing nuclear plants. Any consideration of plant life extension, however, must consider the concrete components in these plants, since they play a vital safety role. Under the USNRC Nuclear Plant Aging Research (NPAR) Program, a study was conducted to review operating experience and to provide background that will lead to subsequent development of a methodology for assessing and predicting the effects of aging on the performance of concrete-based structures. The approach followed was in conformance with the NPAR strategy

  11. HIV after 40 in rural South Africa: A life course approach to HIV vulnerability among middle aged and older adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mojola, Sanyu A; Williams, Jill; Angotti, Nicole; Gómez-Olivé, F Xavier

    2015-10-01

    South Africa has the highest number of people living with HIV in the world (over 6 million) as well as a rapidly aging population, with 15% of the population aged 50 and over. High HIV prevalence in rural former apartheid homeland areas suggests substantial aging with HIV and acquisition of HIV at older ages. We develop a life course approach to HIV vulnerability, highlighting the rise and fall of risk and protection as people age, as well as the role of contextual density in shaping HIV vulnerability. Using this approach, we draw on an innovative multi-method data set collected within the Agincourt Health and Demographic Surveillance System in South Africa, combining survey data with 60 nested life history interviews and 9 community focus group interviews. We examine HIV risk and protective factors among adults aged 40-80, as well as how and why these factors vary among people at older ages.

  12. Age- and sex-dependent effects of early life stress on hippocampal neurogenesis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manila eLoi

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Early life stress is a well-documented risk factor for the development of psychopathology in genetically predisposed individuals. As it is hard to study how early life stress impacts human brain structure and function, various animal models have been developed to address this issue. The models discussed here reveal that perinatal stress in rodents exerts lasting effects on the stress system as well as on the structure and function of the brain. One of the structural parameters strongly affected by perinatal stress is adult hippocampal neurogenesis. Based on compiled literature data, we report that postnatal stress slightly enhances neurogenesis until the onset of puberty in male rats; when animals reach adulthood, neurogenesis is reduced as a consequence of perinatal stress. By contrast, female rats showed a prominent reduction in neurogenesis prior to the onset of puberty, but this effect subsides when animals reach young adulthood. We further present preliminary data that transient treatment with a glucocorticoid receptor antagonist can normalize cell proliferation in maternally deprived female rats, while the compound had no effect in non-deprived rats. Taken together, the data show that neurogenesis is affected by early life stress in an age-and sex-dependent manner and that normalization may be possible during critical stages of brain development.

  13. Quality of Life, Motor Ability, and Weight Status Among School-aged Children of Tehran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Asghari Jafarabadi

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: This study aimed to investigate the relationship between health Related quality of life (HRQOL, motor ability and weight status in children.Methods:Two hundred forty children ages 9-11 yr who were selected via multi stage cluster sampling design from primary schools in the Shahre Qods at Tehran,Iran in 2007. HRQOL was assessed by the pediatric quality of life inventory (PedsQL.Motor abilities were determined by a Basic Motor Ability Test (BMAT.Body mass index was calculated to determine weight status.Results: Psychosocial,physical,and total health related qualities of life (all P< 0.05 were significantly lowered for obese when compared to normal weight participants. In contrast, the mean scores for each HRQOL domain in motor ability category were not significant. No significant interaction was apparent when examining HRQOL scores, BMAT variables and weight status.Conclusion:Regardless of motor ability levels,reducing body weight among children is a potential avenue for promoting improved HRQOL.Over weight boys reported significantly worse school performance than over weight girls, suggesting the importance in considering such dimensions in programs aimed at further understanding obesity in children.

  14. Parenting Styles, Feeding Styles, Feeding Practices, and Weight Status in 4-12 Year-Old Children: A Systematic Review of the Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shloim, Netalie; Edelson, Lisa R; Martin, Nathalie; Hetherington, Marion M

    2015-01-01

    Childhood is a critical period in the development of obesity. Eating patterns established early in life track into later life. Therefore, parental approaches to feeding in their general parenting style, feeding styles, and specific feeding practices will have a profound impact on how children eat and grow. A systematic research review following PRISMA guidelines was conducted to identify, discuss and integrate recent research investigating the relationship between parenting styles, feeding styles, feeding practices, and body mass index (BMI) in children. Medline (Ovid), PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Food Science and Technology Abstracts were systematically searched using sensitive search strategies. Studies were limited to papers published in English between 2010 and February 2015 with participants aged 4-12 years old with outcomes including obesity, change in weight, or BMI. The search yielded 31 relevant quantitative peer-reviewed papers meeting all inclusion criteria: seven longitudinal, 23 cross-sectional, one randomized control trial. Associations between parenting style and child BMI were strongest and most consistent within the longitudinal studies. Uninvolved, indulgent or highly protective parenting was associated with higher child BMI, whereas authoritative parenting was associated with a healthy BMI. Similarly for feeding styles, indulgent feeding was consistently associated with risk of obesity within cross-sectional studies. Specific feeding practices such as restriction and pressure to eat were linked to BMI, especially within cross-sectional studies. Where child traits were measured, the feeding practice appeared to be responsive to the child, therefore restriction was applied to children with a high BMI and pressure to eat applied to children with a lower BMI. Behaviors and styles that are specific to the feeding context are consistently associated with child BMI. However, since obesity emerges over time, it is through longitudinal, carefully

  15. Parenting Styles, Feeding Styles, Feeding Practices, and Weight Status in 4–12 Year-Old Children: A Systematic Review of the Literature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shloim, Netalie; Edelson, Lisa R.; Martin, Nathalie; Hetherington, Marion M.

    2015-01-01

    Childhood is a critical period in the development of obesity. Eating patterns established early in life track into later life. Therefore, parental approaches to feeding in their general parenting style, feeding styles, and specific feeding practices will have a profound impact on how children eat and grow. A systematic research review following PRISMA guidelines was conducted to identify, discuss and integrate recent research investigating the relationship between parenting styles, feeding styles, feeding practices, and body mass index (BMI) in children. Medline (Ovid), PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Food Science and Technology Abstracts were systematically searched using sensitive search strategies. Studies were limited to papers published in English between 2010 and February 2015 with participants aged 4–12 years old with outcomes including obesity, change in weight, or BMI. The search yielded 31 relevant quantitative peer-reviewed papers meeting all inclusion criteria: seven longitudinal, 23 cross-sectional, one randomized control trial. Associations between parenting style and child BMI were strongest and most consistent within the longitudinal studies. Uninvolved, indulgent or highly protective parenting was associated with higher child BMI, whereas authoritative parenting was associated with a healthy BMI. Similarly for feeding styles, indulgent feeding was consistently associated with risk of obesity within cross-sectional studies. Specific feeding practices such as restriction and pressure to eat were linked to BMI, especially within cross-sectional studies. Where child traits were measured, the feeding practice appeared to be responsive to the child, therefore restriction was applied to children with a high BMI and pressure to eat applied to children with a lower BMI. Behaviors and styles that are specific to the feeding context are consistently associated with child BMI. However, since obesity emerges over time, it is through longitudinal, carefully

  16. Parenting Styles, Feeding Styles, Feeding Practices, and Weight Status in 4-12 Year-Old Children: A Systematic Review of the Literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shloim, Netalie; Edelson, Lisa R; Martin, Nathalie; Hetherington, Marion M

    2015-01-01

    Childhood is a critical period in the development of obesity. Eating patterns established early in life track into later life. Therefore, parental approaches to feeding in their general parenting style, feeding styles, and specific feeding practices will have a profound impact on how children eat and grow. A systematic research review following PRISMA guidelines was conducted to identify, discuss and integrate recent research investigating the relationship between parenting styles, feeding styles, feeding practices, and body mass index (BMI) in children. Medline (Ovid), PsycINFO, Web of Science, and Food Science and Technology Abstracts were systematically searched using sensitive search strategies. Studies were limited to papers published in English between 2010 and February 2015 with participants aged 4-12 years old with outcomes including obesity, change in weight, or BMI. The search yielded 31 relevant quantitative peer-reviewed papers meeting all inclusion criteria: seven longitudinal, 23 cross-sectional, one randomized control trial. Associations between parenting style and child BMI were strongest and most consistent within the longitudinal studies. Uninvolved, indulgent or highly protective parenting was associated with higher child BMI, whereas authoritative parenting was associated with a healthy BMI. Similarly for feeding styles, indulgent feeding was consistently associated with risk of obesity within cross-sectional studies. Specific feeding practices such as restriction and pressure to eat were linked to BMI, especially within cross-sectional studies. Where child traits were measured, the feeding practice appeared to be responsive to the child, therefore restriction was applied to children with a high BMI and pressure to eat applied to children with a lower BMI. Behaviors and styles that are specific to the feeding context are consistently associated with child BMI. However, since obesity emerges over time, it is through longitudinal, carefully

  17. Parenting styles, feeding styles, feeding practices and weight status in 4-12 year-old children: A systematic review of the literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Netalie eShloim

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Childhood is a critical period in the development of obesity. Eating patterns established early in life track into later life. Therefore, parental approaches to feeding in their general parenting style, feeding styles and specific feeding practices will have a profound impact on how children eat and grow. A systematic research review following PRISMA guidelines was conducted to identify, discuss and integrate recent research investigating the relationship between parenting styles, feeding styles, feeding practices and body mass index (BMI in children. Medline (Ovid, PsycINFO, Web of Science and Food Science and Technology Abstracts were systematically searched using sensitive search strategies. Studies were limited to papers published in English between 2010 and February 2015 with participants aged 4 to 12 years old with outcomes including obesity, change in weight, or BMI. The search yielded 31 relevant quantitative peer-reviewed papers meeting all inclusion criteria: 7 longitudinal, 23 cross-sectional, 1 randomised control trial.. Associations between parenting style and child BMI were strongest and most consistent within the longitudinal studies. Uninvolved, indulgent or highly protective parenting was associated with higher child BMI, whereas authoritative parenting was associated with a healthy BMI. Similarly for feeding styles, indulgent feeding was consistently associated with risk of obesity within cross-sectional studies. Specific feeding practices such as restriction and pressure to eat were linked to BMI, especially within cross-sectional studies. Where child traits were measured, the feeding practice appeared to be responsive to the child, therefore restriction was applied to children with a high BMI and pressure to eat applied to children with a lower BMI. Behaviours and styles that are specific to the feeding context are consistently associated with child BMI. However, since obesity emerges over time, it is through longitudinal

  18. Emerging Trends in Family Caregiving Using the Life Course Perspective: Preparing Health Educators for an Aging Society

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eifert, Elise K.; Adams, Rebecca; Morrison, Sharon; Strack, Robert

    2016-01-01

    Background: As life expectancy and morbidity related to chronic disease increase, the baby boomers will be called upon to provide care to aging members of their family or to be care recipients themselves. Purpose: Through the theoretical lens of the life course perspective, this review of the literature provides insight into what characteristics…

  19. Effects of Social Networks on the Quality of Life in an Elder and Middle-Aged Deaf Community Sample

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerich, Joachim; Fellinger, Johannes

    2012-01-01

    This article endeavors to investigate the role of social networks in contributing to the quality of life of an elder and middle-aged Deaf population. In particular, it poses the question of whether a certain network composition (deaf and hearing network persons) provides positive resources to improve quality of life and attempts to identify…

  20. The influence of the levels of personality traits on the quality of life of late reproductive age women

    OpenAIRE

    Anna Jurczak; Krzysztof Safranow; Elżbieta Grochans

    2016-01-01

    Background . The topic that is increasingly discussed is the contribution of personality traits to many aspects of life, including maintenance and restoration of health. Since health status is an essential element of quality of life, the latter may be significantly influenced by personality. Objectives . The aim of this study was to determine how personality traits influence the quality of life of late reproductive age women. Material and methods . The study included 345 late reprod...

  1. Automatic segmentation of the hippocampus for preterm neonates from early-in-life to term-equivalent age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ting Guo

    2015-01-01

    Conclusions: MAGeT-Brain is capable of segmenting hippocampi accurately in preterm neonates, even at early-in-life. Hippocampal asymmetry with a larger right side is demonstrated on early-in-life images, suggesting that this phenomenon has its onset in the 3rd trimester of gestation. Hippocampal volume assessed at the time of early-in-life and term-equivalent age is linearly associated with GA at birth, whereby smaller volumes are associated with earlier birth.

  2. Adapt and Cope: Strategies for Safeguarding the Quality of Life in a Shrinking Ageing Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Annett Steinführer

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the adaptation and coping strategies that are in place to safeguard the quality of life in a shrinking ageing region. In particular, it is investigated which resources are available to local policy-makers and the older population in order to pursue this goal. Following an introduction to the debate of regional science about demographic change and its consequences, we introduce a theoretical differentiation between adaptation and coping. Adaptation strategies refer to the decision-makers who provide or are involved in organising public service facilities. Coping strategies and capacities refer to the customers and users affected by the changes. The population is not only passively affected by changes in public services, but also actively grapples with changed levels of infrastructure and takes up measures to safeguard their own quality of life. Empirically, we employ the results of semi-structured interviews with local and regional key persons and group interviews with elderly inhabitants of two small towns in the Harz region. The region under study is among the most ageing rural areas in Germany. Its demographic characteristics are based on many years of selective out-migration and partially age-selective in-migration. The research results reveal many measures and strategies which have been developed and employed by the different actor groups when faced with tangible problems. However, they have not been planned with a long term perspective. The availability of economic and social resources (human resources and investment funds on the part of administrations, fi nancial resources and social networks on the part of the older population is the chief differentiating and often limiting factor for the success of these measures and strategies. This article comes to the conclusion that adaptation and coping will remain processes for safeguarding the quality of life in shrinking ageing regions for the longer term. In addition to

  3. 高血压并发脑梗死患者血压控制与自我管理行为、生活方式的相关性及护理对策%The relationship between self management behavior, life style and blood pressure control in patients with high blood pressure complicated with cerebral infarction and its nursing cuntermeasures

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐素华

    2012-01-01

    Objective To investigate the relationship between self management behavior,life style and blood pressure control in patients with high blood pressure complicated with cerebral infarction,and discuss its nursing countermeasures.Methods 268 patients with high blood pressure complicated with cerebral infarction were recruited by stratified sampling and were investigated with a self-designed questionnaire about self management behavior,life style,and we analyzed the above influencing factors on the blood pressure control and the nursing countermeasures.Results Younger age,higher education degree,high standard of living,stronger self management ability,enough vegetables intake,low consumption of salt,alcohol and tobacco,and moderate physical exercises could control blood pressure better,older age,poorer self management ability,too much salt intake were detrimental to the control of blood pressure.Conclusions Effective self management and good life style can control high blood pressure well in patients with high blood pressure complicated with cerebral infarction,and improve the prognosis and the quality of life.%目的 探讨高血压并发脑梗死患者自我管理行为和生活方式与血压控制的相关性,并讨论相关的护理对策.方法 分层抽样选取高血压并发脑梗死患者268例,设计调查表调查所有患者自我管理行为和生活方式,分析其对血压控制的影响,分析其护理对策.结果 年轻、文化程度高、生活水平高、自我管理能力强、蔬菜摄人量充足、食盐和烟酒摄入量少以及适度进行体育锻炼的受调查者血压控制情况更好.年长、自我管理能力差、盐摄入量高均不利于血压的控制.结论 有效的自我管理和良好的生活方式可以很好地控制高血压并发脑梗死患者的血压,改善患者预后和生活质量.

  4. Social adaptation and quality of life in reproductive-aged women with epilepsy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Viktorovna Dmitrenko

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The quality-of-life indicators are integral characteristics of treatment and diagnostic measures in modern epileptology.Objective: to assess the social adaptation and quality of life in reproductive-aged women with epilepsy.Subjects and methods. A sociological survey using the Quality of Life Satisfaction questionnaire and the European Quality of Life-5 Dimensions (EQ-5D was carried out in 352 women living in the Krasnoyarsk Territory.Results. At the time of the study, 21.3% of the patients were unemployed. Disability related to epilepsy was in 13.1% of women, mainly in those with cryptogenic (22.3% and symptomatic (14.4% epilepsy. Most of the women were unsatisfied with their job activity (55.1%, financial status (64.6%, and physical health (65.3%. Mainly the patients with symptomatic epilepsy reported dissatisfaction with their psychological status. The patients had employment problems (12.5%, inability to work in their specialty (12.5% and to get the desired specialty (10.3%, and labor maladaptation (8.8%. There was a preponderance of women with higher education (40.3% and 21.3% continued their studies. Warm family relations and help from relatives and friends (65.4%, hope for their recovery (50.7%, contacts with their friends (30.1%, and plans for future (34.6% were important for the women to control the disease.Conclusions. The findings suggest that family, personal, maternity problems are more important causes of social maladaptation in epileptic women.

  5. Temperament Styles of Indian and USA Children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oakland, Thomas; Singh, Kuldeep; Callueng, Camelo; Puri, Gurmit Singh; Goen, Akiko

    2011-01-01

    Age, gender, and cross-national differences of children ages 8- through 16-years-old in India (n = 400) and the United States of America (n = 3,200) are examined on four bipolar temperament styles: extroversion-introversion, practical-imaginative, thinking-feeling, and organized-flexible styles. In general, Indian children prefer extroverted to…

  6. 肝癌患者生活质量与应对方式及其相关性研究%Correlation of Life Quality and Coping Styles of Patients with Liver Cancer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭庆华

    2011-01-01

    Objective To explore the correlation of life quality of patients with liver cancer and their coping styles, and to provide information for care strategy. Method EROTCQLQ-C30 and MCMQ were used to investigate the life quality and coping styles of 30 liver cancer patients and 30 healthy controls. Results The scores of life quality of the cancer patients were significantly lower than the healthy controls. The most frequently adopted coping styles by the cancer patients were confrontation, fighting, avoidance, resignation or acceptance; the coping styles of resignation or acceptance were negatively correlated with the life quality of liver cancer patients ( P < 0.05, P <0.01). CondU8ionS Liver cancer patients have a low life quality. Care givers should instruct patients to adopt confrontation and avoid acceptance or resignation in an effort to improve their life quality.%目的 探讨肝癌患者的生活质量与应对方式及其相关性,以寻找提高生活质量的护理对策.方法 采用癌症患者生存质量量表(EROTCQLQ-C30)和医学应对问卷(MCMQ),分别对30例住院肝癌患者(患者组)和30名健康成人(对照组)进行调查.结果 患者组生活质量评分显著低于健康对照组,患者最常采用的应对方式依次为面对或斗争、回避、屈服或接受;屈服或接受应对方式与肝癌患者生活质量呈负相关(P<0.05).结论 肝癌患者生活质量显著降低,但首要采用积极面对;在护理工作中,指导患者尽量避免屈服心理,以提高生活质量.

  7. 大学生生命意义感与父母教养方式、应对方式、幸福感指数的相关性%The Relationship between Parenting Style,Coping Style,Index of Well-being and Life of Meaning of Undergraduates

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳; 何畏; 张贤; 郭锋; 蔡静; 郭巧红

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the relationship between life of meaning of undergraduates and parenting style ,coping style and in-dex of well-being.Methods A sample of 569 undergraduates were selected and assessed with 4 scales consisting of Purpose in Life (PIL),Short-form Egma Minnen av Bardndosna Uppforstran (S-EMBU),Simplified Coping Styles Scale (SCSS),Well-being Index Scale.Results ①Undergraduates'lifeofmeaningshowedsignificantlypositivecorrelationwithpositivecopingstyle,well-beingindex, and emotional warmth of parenting style (r=0.401,0.416,0.404,0.661;P<0.01).②The multiple stepwise regression analysis results showed that well -being index ,mother emotional warmth ,and positive coping style could positively and significantly predict undergradu-ates'life of meaning(R2 =0.542,P<0.001).③Well-being index,positive coping styles were the partial mediator of mother emotional warmth and undergraduates'life of meaning .Conclusion Mother emotional warmth can directly predict undergraduates'life of meaning , and also can indirectly influence it through well -being index and positive coping styles .%目的:探讨大学生生命意义感与父母教养方式、应对方式、幸福感指数的关系。方法采用生命意义感量表( PIL)、简式父母教养方式问卷(S-EMBU)、简易应对方式量表(SCSS)、幸福感指数量表(Index of Well-Being),对569名大学生团体施测。结果①大学生生命意义感与父母情感温暖、积极应对、幸福感指数正相关(r=0.401,0.416,0.404,0.661;P<0.01);②多元逐步回归分析表明,幸福感指数、母亲情感温暖、积极应对正向预测大学生生命意义感(R2=0.542,P<0.001);③幸福感指数、积极应对方式分别在母亲情感温暖与大学生生命意义感间起部分中介作用。结论母亲情感温暖不仅直接预测生命意义感,还通过幸福感指数、积极应对方式间接预测生命意义感。

  8. Estimating age-dependent costs and benefits of roots with contrasting life span: comparing apples and oranges

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bouma, T.J.; Yanai, R.D.; Elkin, A.D.; Hartmond, U.; Flores-Alva, D.E.; Eissenstat, D.M.

    2001-01-01

    The relation between root age and root function is poorly understood, despite its importance to root longevity. The effect of root age on respiration rates and P-32-uptake kinetics was determined for roots excavated from mature apple and citrus trees (median root life spans of 30 vs 300 d). To evalu

  9. 海淀区中小学校负责人生活方式现状%Life styles among principals in Haidian District

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张卫光; 孙鹏; 尹丽君; 郭景玉; 吕书群; 甘丽平; 邬盛鑫

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解北京市海淀区中小学校负责人的生活方式现状,为维护其健康提供科学依据.方法 使用自编问卷,对海淀区27所中学66所小学的校长、书记进行匿名调查.结果 中小学负责人每天吃三餐的占79.2%,饮食搭配合理的占43.3%;男性有38.5%属于过度吸烟者;每次饮白酒100 mL以上的占58.7%;每天睡眠时间在6~8h的占89.9%,睡眠质量基本满意占79.0%;没有锻炼习惯的占26.8%,能达到体育人口标准的为8.2%.结论 海淀区中小学负责人在合理膳食、适量运动、戒烟限酒等方面还有很大差距,需引起足够重视.%Objective To know about the present situation of life style of 101 principals in primary schools and middle schools, and to provide scientific evidence for early prevention and intervention. Methods By using a self-designed questionnaire, principals or secretaries of 27 middle schools and 66 primary schools were questionnaire^ anonymously. Results The proportions of eating three meals every day accounted for 79. 2% , reasonable diets accounted for 43.3% ; 38.5% of men were excessive smokers; 58.7% drinking liqueur more than 100mL; About 89.9% of them sleeping 6-8 hours everyday, and 79.0% of them were satisfied with sleeping quality; 26.8% of them did not have the habit of physical exercises, and sports population only accounted for 8.2%. Conclusion It is necessary to pay more attention to reasonable diet, regular activities, no smoking and limited amount of liquor among principals of primary and middle schools in Haidian District.

  10. Metabolic analysis of the soil microbe Dechloromonas aromatica str. RCB: indications of a surprisingly complex life-style and cryptic anaerobic pathways for aromatic degradation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salinero, Kennan Kellaris; Keller, Keith; Feil, William S.; Feil, Helene; Trong, Stephan; Di Bartolo, Genevieve; Lapidus, Alla

    2008-11-17

    Initial interest in Dechloromonas aromatica strain RCB arose from its ability to anaerobically degrade benzene. It is also able to reduce perchlorate and oxidize chlorobenzoate, toluene, and xylene, creating interest in using this organism for bioremediation. Little physiological data has been published for this microbe. It is considered to be a free-living organism. The a priori prediction that the D. aromatica genome would contain previously characterized 'central' enzymes involved in anaerobic aromatic degradation proved to be false, suggesting the presence of novel anaerobic aromatic degradation pathways in this species. These missing pathways include the benzyl succinyl synthase (bssABC) genes (responsible for formate addition to toluene) and the central benzoylCoA pathway for monoaromatics. In depth analyses using existing TIGRfam, COG, and InterPro models, and the creation of de novo HMM models, indicate a highly complex lifestyle with a large number of environmental sensors and signaling pathways, including a relatively large number of GGDEF domain signal receptors and multiple quorum sensors. A number of proteins indicate interactions with an as yet unknown host, as indicated by the presence of predicted cell host remodeling enzymes, effector enzymes, hemolysin-like proteins, adhesins, NO reductase, and both type III and type VI secretory complexes. Evidence of biofilm formation including a proposed exopolysaccharide complex with the somewhat rare exosortase (epsH), is also present. Annotation described in this paper also reveals evidence for several metabolic pathways that have yet to be observed experimentally, including a sulphur oxidation (soxFCDYZAXB) gene cluster, Calvin cycle enzymes, and nitrogen fixation (including RubisCo, ribulose-phosphate 3-epimerase, and nif gene families, respectively). Analysis of the D. aromatica genome indicates there is much to be learned regarding the metabolic capabilities, and life-style, for this microbial

  11. Carbon isotopic composition of branched tetraether membrane lipids in soils suggest a rapid turnover and a heterotrophic life style of their source organism(s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. W. H. Weijers

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Branched Glycerol Dialkyl Glycerol Tetraethers (GDGTs are membrane spanning lipids synthesised by as yet unknown bacteria that thrive in soils and peat. In order to obtain more information on their ecological niche, the stable carbon isotopic composition of branched GDGT-derived alkanes, obtained upon ether bond cleavage, has been determined in a peat and various soils, i.e. forest, grassland and cropland, covered by various vegetation types, i.e., C3- vs. C4-plant type. These δ13C values are compared with those of bulk organic matter and higher plant derived n-alkanes from the same soils. With average δ13C values of −28‰, branched GDGTs in C3 soils are only slightly depleted (ca. 1‰ relative to bulk organic carbon and on average 8.5‰ enriched relative to plant wax-derived long-chain n-alkanes ( nC29nC33. In an Australian soil dominantly covered with C4 type vegetation, the branched GDGTs have a δ13C value of −18‰, clearly higher than observed in soils with C3 type vegetation. As with C3 vegetated soils, branched GDGT δ13C values are slightly depleted (1‰ relative to bulk organic carbon and enriched (ca. 5‰ relative to n-alkanes in this soil. The δ13C values of branched GDGT lipids being similar to bulk organic carbon and their co-variation with those of bulk organic carbon and plant waxes, suggest a heterotrophic life style and assimilation of relatively heavy and likely labile substrates for the as yet unknown soil bacteria that synthesise the branched GDGT lipids. However, a chemoautotrophic lifestyle, i.e. consuming respired CO2, could not be fully excluded based on these data alone. Based on a natural labelling experiment of a C3/C4 crop change introduced on one of the soils 23 years before sampling and based

  12. Carbon isotopic composition of branched tetraether membrane lipids in soils suggest a rapid turnover and a heterotrophic life style of their source organism(s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. W. H. Weijers

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Branched Glycerol Dialkyl Glycerol Tetraethers (GDGTs are membrane spanning lipids synthesised by as yet unknown bacteria that thrive in soils and peat. In order to obtain more information on their ecological niche, the stable carbon isotopic composition of branched GDGT-derived alkanes, obtained upon ether bond cleavage, has been determined in various soils, i.e. peat, forest, grassland and cropland, covered by various vegetation types, i.e., C3- vs. C4-plant type. These δ13C values are compared with those of bulk organic matter and higher plant derived n-alkanes from the same soils. With average δ13C values of −28‰, branched GDGTs in C3 soils are only slightly depleted (ca. 1‰ relative to bulk organic carbon and on average 8.5‰ enriched relative to plant wax-derived long-chain n-alkanes (nC29nC33. In an Australian soil covered with C4 type vegetation, the branched GDGTs have a δ13C value of −18‰, clearly higher than observed in soils with C3 type vegetation. As with C3 vegetated soils, branched GDGT δ13C values are slightly depleted (1‰ relative to bulk organic carbon and enriched (ca. 5‰ relative to n-alkanes in this soil. The δ13C values of branched GDGT lipids being similar to bulk organic carbon and their co-variation with those of bulk organic carbon and plant waxes, suggest a heterotrophic life style and assimilation of relatively heavy and likely labile substrates for the as yet unknown soil bacteria that synthesise the branched GDGT lipids. However, a chemoautotrophic lifestyle, i.e. consuming respired CO2, could not be fully excluded based on these data alone. Based on a natural labelling experiment of a C3/C4 crop change introduced on one of the soils 23 years before sampling and based on a free air CO

  13. Potential gains in reproductive-aged life expectancy by eliminating maternal mortality: a demographic bonus of achieving MDG 5.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Canudas-Romo

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: We assessed the change over time in the contribution of maternal mortality to a life expectancy calculated between ages 15 and 49, or Reproductive-Aged Life Expectancy (RALE. Our goal was to estimate the increase in RALE in developed countries over the twentieth century and the hypothetical gains in African countries today by eliminating maternal mortality. METHODS: Analogous to life expectancy, RALE is calculated from a life table of ages 15 to 49. Specifically, RALE is the average number of years that women at age 15 would be expected to live between 15 and 49 with current mortality rates. Associated single decrement life tables of causes of death other than maternal mortality are explored to assess the possible gains in RALE by reducing or eliminating maternal mortality. We used population-based data from the Human Mortality Database and the Demographic and Health Surveys. FINDINGS: In developed countries, five years in RALE were gained over the twentieth century, of which approximately 10%, or half a year, was attributable to reductions in maternal mortality. In sub-Saharan African countries, the possible achievable gains fluctuate between 0.24 and 1.47 years, or 6% and 44% of potential gains in RALE. CONCLUSIONS: Maternal mortality is a rare event, yet it is still a very important component of RALE. Averting the burden of maternal deaths could return a significant increase in the most productive ages of human life.

  14. The Analysis and Research on Construction of the Style of Learning of Universities in New Age%新时期高等学校学风建设问题

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟宪瑞; 佟玉霞; 郑石秋

    2012-01-01

    良好的学风是高校培养高素质人才的基础和保障,随着学校规模的进一步扩大,高等教育体制改革不断深入,学风建设问题也越来越引起人们的关注。就新时期高校学风存在的问题进行了分析,并提出了加强学风建设的几点建议。%Good of style learning is the basis and guarantee for training high-quality talent in university.With the further expansion of school size and the deepening reform of higher education,the construction of the leaning style of has attracted more and more attention.In this paper,the problems of the style of leaning of university in new age are analyzed,and some suggestions to strengthen the construction of the style of leaning are given.

  15. Old Age Homes: Reasons for Admission and the Assessment of Health-Related Quality of Life of Inmates

    OpenAIRE

    Sanjay Dixit, S.B.Bansal, Sonal Banzal, Roshini Saleem Raja, Shivani Dua, Rudri Agrawal

    2015-01-01

    "Background: Aging is a normal phenomenon, and there had been a demographic transition which has led to the continuous increase in elderly population. As this group of people is more vulnerable to various health problems, therefore a study was carried out with following objec-tives. Objectives: To study the reasons responsible for elderly opting for old age homes and Health relat-ed quality of life (HRQOL) of people living in old age homes. Methods: A cross sectional study was do...

  16. Determining Remaining Useful Life of Aging Cables in Nuclear Power Plants – Interim Study FY13

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Simmons, Kevin L.; Fifield, Leonard S.; Westman, Matthew P.; Ramuhalli, Pradeep; Pardini, Allan F.; Tedeschi, Jonathan R.; Jones, Anthony M.

    2013-09-27

    The most important criterion for cable performance is its ability to withstand a design-basis accident. With nearly 1000 km of power, control, instrumentation, and other cables typically found in an NPP, it would be a significant undertaking to inspect all of the cables. Degradation of the cable jacket, electrical insulation, and other cable components is a key issue that is likely to affect the ability of the currently installed cables to operate safely and reliably for another 20 to 40 years beyond the initial operating life. The development of one or more nondestructive evaluation (NDE) techniques and supporting models that could assist in determining the remaining life expectancy of cables or their current degradation state would be of significant interest. The ability to nondestructively determine material and electrical properties of cable jackets and insulation without disturbing the cables or connections has been deemed essential. Currently, the only technique accepted by industry to measure cable elasticity (the gold standard for determining cable insulation degradation) is the indentation measurement. All other NDE techniques are used to find flaws in the cable and do not provide information to determine the current health or life expectancy. There is no single NDE technique that can satisfy all of the requirements needed for making a life-expectancy determination, but a wide range of methods have been evaluated for use in NPPs as part of a continuous evaluation program. The commonly used methods are indentation and visual inspection, but these are only suitable for easily accessible cables. Several NDE methodologies using electrical techniques are in use today for flaw detection but there are none that can predict the life of a cable. There are, however, several physical and chemical ptoperty changes in cable insulation as a result of thermal and radiation damage. In principle, these properties may be targets for advanced NDE methods to provide early

  17. Age-stage, two-sex life tables of Bactrocera cucurbitae (Coquillett) (Diptera: Tephritidae) with a discussion on the problem of applying female age-specific life tables to insect populations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu-Bing Huang; Hsin Chi

    2012-01-01

    Age-stage,two-sex life tables of the melon fly,Bactrocera cucurbitae ( Coquillett) (Diptera:Tephritidae),reared on cucumber (Cucumis sativus L.),sponge gourd (Luffa cylindrica Roem) and a carrot medium (mashed Daucus carota L.mixed with sucrose and yeast hydrolysate) were constructed under laboratory conditions at 25 ± 1 ℃,65% ± 0.5%relative humidity,and a photoperiod 12 ∶ 12h (L ∶ D).The intrinsic rates of increase of B.cucurbitae were 0.144 6,0.141 2 and 0.068 8 days on cucumber,sponge gourd,and carrot medium,respectively.The highest net reproduction rate was 172 offspring per fly reared on sponge gourd.The mean generation times of B.cucurbitae ranged from 34 days reared on cucumber to 56 days reared on carrot medium.The life history raw data was analyzed using the traditional female age-specific life table and compared to results obtained using the age-stage,two-sex life table.When the age-specific female life table is applied to an age-stage-structured two-sex population,survival and fecundity curves will be improperly manipulated due to an inability to include variation in preadult development time.We discussed different interpretations of the relationship between the net reproductive rate and the intrinsic rate of increase to clarify possible misunderstanding in the literature.

  18. Effect of exercise on muscle function decline with aging.

    OpenAIRE

    Gersten, J. W.

    1991-01-01

    As people age, changes in muscle occur that are associated with a decrease in strength and endurance. These changes result in decreased functional capacity and quality of life. A substantial portion of this decrease is the result not of aging but of the sedentary life-style so frequently associated with aging. In "healthy old" persons and in older animals in experiments, an appropriate exercise program can result in increased strength and endurance. This is true both in longitudinal and short...

  19. Life after divorce: a study of newly divorced middle-aged men in Sweden.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hallberg, H; Mattsson, B

    1989-03-01

    Thirty-two divorced men aged 30 to 44 years answered a questionnaire within seven months after the dissolution of their marriages. They were asked for life circumstances (housing and working conditions, economic situation) and perceived health and a personal interview was also performed with most of the men. Primary health care records during the year of divorce were analysed according to number of visits and reasons for encounter. A majority of the men perceived working conditions as satisfying while about half of the men had moved to less satisfying housing conditions. They recorded a high number of psychological symptoms (insomnia, fatigue, anxiety) but this was not recognizable in the primary health care records. Ten men had had more than one divorce and in this sub-group there were several alcohol abusers. The importance of primary health care in the early recognition of the complex situation of divorced men is stressed.

  20. Temperament of Small-for-Gestational-Age and Appropriate- for-Gestational-Age Infants across the First Year of Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halpern, Leslie F.; Coll, Cynthia T. Garcia

    2000-01-01

    Temperament development was studied in 39 full-term small-for-gestational-age infants and 30 full-term appropriate-for-gestational-age infants. Temperament was measured at 4, 8, and 12 months of age using a behavioral assessment procedure and questionnaire ratings. Findings indicated that restricted fetal growth negatively affects infant…

  1. An introduction to middle-aged women’s happy sexual life%中年妇女的“性福生活”研究概述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲍玉珩; 薛翠华; 吉姆·奥福德[美

    2015-01-01

    近年来随着美国妇女解放运动的迅速发展,性心理学研究领域中也出现了一个新的分支即妇女性问题研究,其主要目的就是要研究女性个体在社区和更为广大的社会中的内涵意义和心理,以及女性个人的性生活和社会的关系等问题。女性性心理学家旨在寻求理解个人-特别是妇女个人,以及她在社区与社会的生活质量;其目的就是通过对于女性个人、社区与社会的综合性研究与实践,来提高人们的性生活质量等。%With the development of American female iberation movement,a new branch of sexology study also appeared and developed.The purpose of it was to study the psychology and connotative meaning,which focused on the personality,the life style,the sexual behavior and the quality of the sexual life as well as the social and cultural parameters.The aim of this study was to help women especially mid -aged women reach harmony and happiness in terms of sexual life,through the interdisciplinary study of women and sex.

  2. 中年妇女的“性福生活”研究概述%An introduction to middle-aged women’s happy sexual life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲍玉珩; 薛翠华; 吉姆·奥福德[美

    2015-01-01

    近年来随着美国妇女解放运动的迅速发展,性心理学研究领域中也出现了一个新的分支即妇女性问题研究,其主要目的就是要研究女性个体在社区和更为广大的社会中的内涵意义和心理,以及女性个人的性生活和社会的关系等问题。女性性心理学家旨在寻求理解个人-特别是妇女个人,以及她在社区与社会的生活质量;其目的就是通过对于女性个人、社区与社会的综合性研究与实践,来提高人们的性生活质量等。%With the development of American female iberation movement,a new branch of sexology study also appeared and developed.The purpose of it was to study the psychology and connotative meaning,which focused on the personality,the life style,the sexual behavior and the quality of the sexual life as well as the social and cultural parameters.The aim of this study was to help women especially mid -aged women reach harmony and happiness in terms of sexual life,through the interdisciplinary study of women and sex.

  3. Parental perceptions, feeding practices, feeding styles, and level of acculturation of Chinese Americans in relation to their school-age child's weight status.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pai, Hsiao-Liang; Contento, Isobel

    2014-09-01

    Parents influence their child's eating behavior and attitudes directly as food providers and indirectly through their parental feeding styles and feeding concerns and practices. Chinese American parents' practices are likely influenced by culture. The objective of this study was to explore the relationships between parental perceptions, feeding practices, feeding styles, level of parental acculturation (LPA), and child weight status via a self-administered questionnaire. This survey study involved a convenience sample of 712 individuals who were parents of 5- to 10-year old children attending Chinese language after-school programs. The prevalence of overweight was 11.5% and obesity was 11.1%. LPA was not directly predictive of child overweight in multiple regression but from categorical data, Chinese American parents tended to use indulgent (33.2%) and authoritarian (27.9%) feeding styles, with the former increasing with acculturation and the latter decreasing. Indulgent parents had more than expected overweight and obese children, and authoritarian and authoritative parents, fewer. LPA was negatively predictive of pressure to eat healthy foods (p Parental perceptions and concerns about child weight were predictors of child weight. Consequently, parental concerns and responsiveness to child needs without also encouragement (demandingness) to eat healthy foods (indulgent feeding style) may promote overweight. The authoritative parental feeding style may contribute to children having healthy weights and therefore healthy lives.

  4. Parental perceptions, feeding practices, feeding styles, and level of acculturation of Chinese Americans in relation to their school-age child's weight status.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pai, Hsiao-Liang; Contento, Isobel

    2014-09-01

    Parents influence their child's eating behavior and attitudes directly as food providers and indirectly through their parental feeding styles and feeding concerns and practices. Chinese American parents' practices are likely influenced by culture. The objective of this study was to explore the relationships between parental perceptions, feeding practices, feeding styles, level of parental acculturation (LPA), and child weight status via a self-administered questionnaire. This survey study involved a convenience sample of 712 individuals who were parents of 5- to 10-year old children attending Chinese language after-school programs. The prevalence of overweight was 11.5% and obesity was 11.1%. LPA was not directly predictive of child overweight in multiple regression but from categorical data, Chinese American parents tended to use indulgent (33.2%) and authoritarian (27.9%) feeding styles, with the former increasing with acculturation and the latter decreasing. Indulgent parents had more than expected overweight and obese children, and authoritarian and authoritative parents, fewer. LPA was negatively predictive of pressure to eat healthy foods (p Parental perceptions and concerns about child weight were predictors of child weight. Consequently, parental concerns and responsiveness to child needs without also encouragement (demandingness) to eat healthy foods (indulgent feeding style) may promote overweight. The authoritative parental feeding style may contribute to children having healthy weights and therefore healthy lives. PMID:24816322

  5. The Topic of Life and Death in Verbal Creativity of Adolescents aged 14—16 Years

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hoziev V.B.,

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper focuses on how adolescents aged 14—16 years use the topic of life and death in their verbal creativity. The authors carried out an experimental research on the genesis of this process and describe how the topic evolves as a specific new formation of verbal creativity in adolescence. At the center of the research were conditions of verbal creativity. The subjects in three samples (traditional learning; spontaneous development; project-based-learning were asked to write an essay on any topic; these essays were subsequently assessed using content analysis. The outcomes revealed that the topic of life and death is likely to appear in the essays of those adolescents whose reference group is more comfortable psychologically. The literary merit of writing statistically correlates with the effectiveness of verbal creativity acquisition. In its psychological content the topic was actually a challenge, a manifestation of rebellion of a young man, an important attempt to get closer to the hidden boundary of the known, a significant step in initiation.

  6. RELIABILITY EVALUATION OF SOFTWARE ARCHITECTURE STYLES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gholamreza Shahmohammadi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In process of software architecture design, different decisions with system-wide impacts are made. An important decision of design stage is the selection of appropriate software architecture style. Since quantitative impacts of styles on quality attributes have not been studied yet, their application is not systematic. Since Reliability is one of the essential quality requirements of software systems, especially for life critical ones, one of the main criteria in choosing architecture style of these systems is high reliability. The goal of this study is to quantify the impact of architecture styles on software reliability that is desired quality of life critical software. We evaluate styles through reliability block diagram method. First, the reliability equation of each architectural style was computed using of Reliability block diagram approach. Then, reliability rank of architectural styles is computed by setting of the number of effective components in a transaction parameter in reliability equation of architectural styles. The main innovation of this article is quantification of impact of styles on software reliability that is essential for style selection.

  7. Are age-related trends in suicide rates associated with life expectancy and socio-economic factors?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Ajit

    2009-01-01

    Background. A recent cross-national study reported that suicide rates increased, decreased or remained unchanged with increasing age in individual countries. The relationship between age-related trends in suicide rates and child mortality rates, life expectancy and socio-economic factors was examined. Methods. Countries with an increase, decrease and no change in suicide rates with increasing age were ascertained from an earlier study (Shah, 2007a, International Psychogeriatrics, 19, 1141), which analysed data from the World Health Organisation (WHO). The relationship between age-related trends in suicide rates and (i) child mortality rates, (ii) life expectancy and (iii) markers of socio-economic status (per capita gross national domestic product (GDP) and the Gini coeffcient) was examined using data from the WHO and the United Nations. Results. The main findings were: (i) child mortality rates were significantly lower in countries with an increase in suicide rates with increasing age when compared to countries without a change in suicide rates with increasing age in males; (ii) life expectancy was significantly higher in countries with an increase in suicide rates with increasing age when compared to countries without a change in suicide rates with increasing age in males; and (iii) the Gini coefficient was significantly lower in countries with an increase in suicide rates with increasing age when compared to countries without a change or a decline in suicide rates with increasing age in females. Conclusions. Potential explanations for these findings and the interaction of life expectancy and socio-economic factors with other factors that differentially influence suicide rates in different age and sex groups requires further examination.

  8. The Relationship between Job Burnout and Defense Style of Nurses in Different Ages%不同年龄护理人员职业倦怠与防御方式的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆斯琦; 唐云翔; 严进

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解某综合性三甲医院不同年龄护理人员的防御方式和职业倦怠状况,探讨职业倦怠与防御方式的相关性,为护理人员职业倦怠的干预提供理论依据.方法 选取该医院306名护理人员,采用职业倦怠问卷通用版(MBI- GS)和防御方式问卷(DSQ)分别对其职业倦怠状况和防御方式进行调查研究.结果 该院护理人员职业倦怠总体检出率为12.42%,以情感耗竭维度检出率最高(5.88%).72.55%护理人员倾向于选择成熟防御方式.不同年龄护理人员在职业倦怠各维度均存在显著差异(F=4.201,5.483,7.172;P<0.01),而在防御方式中仅在不成熟防御方式上差异显著(F=3.942,P<0.01).职业倦怠与防御方式的关系研究显示,不成熟防御方式、中间型防御方式及掩饰因子均与职业倦怠呈正相关,成熟防御方式则与职业倦怠呈负相关.结论 护理人员特定的防御方式可影响职业倦怠的发生、发展,采用成熟防御方式可有效降低职业倦怠的发生率,而采用不成熟防御方式则容易导致职业倦怠.%Objective To investigate the status of job burnout, defense style of nurses in different ages in a model hospital and their correlation,in order to provide evidences for the intervention of job burnout. Methods The Maslach Burnout Inventory-General Survey(MBI - GS)and Defense Style Questionnaire(DSQ)were distributed to 306 nurses in the hospital. Results The overall detection rate of job burnout from nurses was 12. 42% ,and the highest detection rate was from the dimension of emotional exhaus-tion(5. 88%). 72. 55% of nurses used mature defense style. There were significant differences in job burnout(F = 4. 201,5. 483; 7. 172;P<0.01)and the immature defense style(F=3. 942,P<0. 01)among nurses in different ages. The study on relationship between job burnout and defense style showed that there were positive correlation in the immature type,intermediate defense style

  9. 县处级干部亚健康与生活满意度、应对方式研究%ANALYSIS OF SUB-HEALTH, LIFE SATISFACTION AND COPING STYLE AMONG COUNTIES PRIMARY OFFICIALS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    巩金培; 张琰; 王俊峰; 张澜

    2012-01-01

    [Objective] To explore the sub health and its correlative factors. [Methods] 128 officials via a cluster sampling method in Xinjiang were studied with life Satisfaction Index A and Simple Coping Style Question and Sub-health Self-rating Scale-30. [Results] The life satisfaction level of cadres were lower than the norm (P< 0.01). Life satisfaction in the health group was higher than the sub health group, and that in the sub health group was higher than the sickness group (P < 0.01). Life satisfaction level of the females was higher than the males (P < 0.05). Life satisfaction in public institutions was higher than in authorities and enterprises (P< 0.05). Male and female sub health was negatively correlated with Life satisfaction (P< 0.01), and had a positive correlation with passive coping style (P< 0.05). The female sub health was negatively correlated with positive coping (P< 0.01). [Conclusion] Promoting and improving the level of life satisfaction and coping style will benefit their health.%[目的]探寻处级干部亚健康状况,与之有关的因素.[方法]采用生活满意度指教A量表、简易应对方式问卷、及亚健康自评量表-30,通过分层抽样方法,对128名新疆县处级干部进行调查.[结果]处级干部生活满意度水平低于常模(P<0.01).健康组生活满意度水平高于亚健康组,亚健康组又高于疾病组(P<0.01).女性生活满意度水平高于男性(P<0 05);事业单位生活满意度水平高于机关、企业单位(P<0.05).男性、女性亚健康与生活满意度呈负相关(P<0.01),与消极应对呈正相关(P<0.05),女性亚健康还与积极应对呈负相关(P<0.01).[结论]提高生活满意度及采取有效的应对方式,有利于改善亚健康状况.

  10. Social Determinants of Active Aging: Differences in Mortality and the Loss of Healthy Life between Different Income Levels among Older Japanese in the AGES Cohort Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroshi Hirai

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We examined the relationship between income, mortality, and loss of years of healthy life in a sample of older persons in Japan. We analyzed 22,829 persons aged 65 or older who were functionally independent at baseline as a part of the Aichi Gerontological Evaluation Study (AGES. Two outcome measures were adopted, mortality and loss of healthy life. Independent variables were income level and age. The occurrence of mortality and need for care during these 1,461 days were tracked. Cox regressions were used to calculate the hazard ratio for mortality and loss of healthy life by income level. We found that people with lower incomes were more likely than those with higher incomes to report worse health. For the overall sample, using the governmental administrative data, the hazard ratios of mortality and loss of healthy life-years comparing the lowest to the highest income level were 3.50 for men and 2.48 for women for mortality and 3.71 for men and 2.27 for women for loss of healthy life. When only those who responded to questions about income on the mail survey were included in the analysis, the relationships became weaker and lost statistical significance.

  11. Small for Gestational Age and Magnesium: Intrauterine magnesium deficiency may induce metabolic syndrome in later life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junji Takaya

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Magnesium deficiency during pregnancy as a result of insufficient or low intake of magnesium is common in developing and developed countries. Previous reports have shown that intracellular magnesium of cord blood platelets is lower among small for gestational age (SGA groups than that of appropriate for gestational age (AGA groups, suggesting that intrauterine magnesium deficiency may result in SGA. Additionally, the risk of adult-onset diseases such as insulin resistance syndrome is greater among children whose mothers were malnourished during pregnancy, and who consequently had a low birth weight. In a number of animal models, poor nutrition during pregnancy leads to offspring that exhibit pathophysiological changes similar to human diseases. The offspring of pregnant rats fed a magensium restricted diet have developed hypermethylation in the hepatic 11β-hydroxysteroid dehydrogenase-2 promoter. These findings indicate that maternal magnesium deficiencies during pregnancy influence regulation of non-imprinted genes by altering the epigenetic regulation of gene expression, thereby inducing different metabolic phenotypes. Magnesium deficiency during pregnancy may be responsible for not only maternal and fetal nutritional problems, but also lifelong consequences that affect the offspring throughout their life. Epidemiological, clinical, and basic research on the effects of magnesium deficiency now indicates underlying mechanisms, especially epigenetic processes.

  12. Assessing seasonal variations and age patterns in mortality during the first year of life in Tanzania.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rumisha, S F; Smith, T; Abdulla, S; Masanja, H; Vounatsou, P

    2013-04-01

    Lack of birth and death registries in most of developing countries, particularly those in sub-Saharan Africa led to the establishment of Demographic Surveillance Systems (DSS) sites which monitor large population cohorts within defined geographical areas. DSS collects longitudinal data on migration, births, deaths and their causes via verbal autopsies. DSS data provide an opportunity to monitor many health indicators including mortality trends. Mortality rates in Sub-Sahara Africa show seasonal patterns due to high infant and child malaria-related mortality which is influenced by seasonal features present in environmental and climatic factors. However, it is unclear whether seasonal patterns differ by age in the first few months of life. This study provides an overview of approaches to assess, capture and detect seasonality peaks and patterns in mortality using the infant mortality data from the Rufiji DSS, Tanzania. Seasonality was best captured using Bayesian negative binomial models with time and cycle dependent seasonal parameters and autoregressive temporal error terms. Seasonal patterns are similar among different age groups during infancy and timing of their mortality peaks do not differ. Seasonality in mortality rates with two peaks per year is pronounced which corresponds to rainy seasons. Understanding of these trends is important for public health preparedness. PMID:23247213

  13. Modernization and reconstruction of ageing Russian research reactors as the method to extend their operational life

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The common situation in Russian atomic industry exhibits a tendency to steady aging of research reactor (RR) facilities and extremely limited financial means for constructing new equipment instead of old. Modernization and reconstruction of operating RR after their designed resources exhausted are the most optimum strategic prospects in nearest 10 years. With respect to modernization strategy the following positive factors are of great importance: (a) additional lands are not occupied for construction site; (b) the exploitation of reactor building and a considerable part of technological system equipment is in progress. Their operational life is longer than of in-reactor devices (subjected to irradiation and heating) as a rule, and lasts no less than 50-60 years; (c) experimental base, which may be improved to carry out new tasks, is retained; (d) skilled personnel is preserved, since it can be employed in resembling works during the reactor shutdown; (e) the main strategic object is to retain research and experimental base with minimum financial and temporal expenses. Two Russian RR IRT and IBR-2 can cite an example of general and concrete approach to the issues including safety enhancement and development of the reactor engineering with reconstruction and modernization of aging facilities. (author)

  14. Investigation and analysis of the life style and psychological status among acne patients%痤疮患者生活方式及心理状态的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐晖; 王艳红; 彭冲

    2012-01-01

    To describe the status of the life style and psychology among acne patients Methods Life Style Scales and Cardiff's Scales were administered to assess 216 out-patients in department. Results The 63.9% patients had the habit of Staying up too late, the 63.9% patients were above average level of mental disorder. Conclusion Most acne patients' way of life was ill health, and mental health status was poor. The effective intervention is very necessary to acne patients%目的:探讨痤疮患者的日常生活方式情况及其心理状态.方法:选择2010年10月~2012年2月在郑州市某三级甲等医院门诊就诊的216例痤疮患者,采用生活方式问卷和Cardiff痤疮患者心理评估量表进行调查.结果:63.9%患者有熬夜的习惯,54.6%患者经常吃辛辣刺激性食物;64.8%的患者有中度以上的心理障碍.结论:多数痤疮患者生活方式不健康,且心理健康状态较差,相应的健康指导干预非常必要.

  15. 跨国公司在华青年员工生活方式及其影响因素研究%Study on Life Style and its Factors of Youth Staff with Multi-national Companies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡喜青; 王铁山; 胡啸兵

    2011-01-01

    Youth staff of multi-national companies is one of group growing increasingly influential in China these years.Guided by the theory of Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs,the paper firstly clarifies the life style of youth staff with multi-national companies;and then based on the questionnaire and interview analysis,the main factors influencing the life style is concluded as educational backgrounds,working environment,communication media,enterprise culture and traditional principles,which can serve as a good reference in guiding this group to establish a healthy life style.%跨国公司在华青年员工是近年来社会影响力与日俱增的一个重要群体。在总结以往调查研究成果的基础上,基于Maslow的需求层次理论对该群体生活方式及其影响因素进行了理论分析,同时以驻西安的跨国公司青年员工为对象进行了调查和实证分析。研究结论认为跨国公司青年员工生活方式主要受自我价值实现需求、尊重需求以及社会需求等因素驱动而形成,其具体影响因素包括教育经历、工作环境、交际手段、企业文化以及传统观念等。这为制定跨国公司青年员工政策和引导他们形成健康生活方式提供了参考。

  16. An Alternative to Farmer Age as an Indicator of Life-Cycle Stage: The Case for a Farm Family Age Index

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burton, Rob J. F.

    2006-01-01

    In studies of farming, the age of the principal decision-maker (PDM) has been associated with numerous farm structural and managerial features and has been widely accepted as a good indicator of the influence of life-cycle factors on decision-making. As such, it has become an important aspect of many quantitative studies of agricultural change.…

  17. Socio-economic position early in life, cognitive development and cognitive change from young adulthood to middle age

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Osler, Merete; Avlund, Kirsten; Mortensen, Erik Lykke

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: We examine the influence of social circumstances early in life on changes in cognitive function from young adulthood to middle age, and we explore the impact of birth characteristics, childhood activities, education and adult social class on the expected relationship. METHODS: A cohort...... of 11 532 men born in Copenhagen, Denmark in 1953-7906, 10 246 and 2483 participants-had completed assessments of cognitive function at ages 12, 18 and 57 years, respectively. Linear regression was used to investigate the association of early-life characteristics with cognitive test scores at these...... ages and with score changes from early to mid-adulthood. RESULTS: The cognitive scores at age 57 years had high correlations with scores at ages 12 (r = 0.67) and 18 years (r = 0.70), and these two scores also showed bivariate correlation (r = 0.69). Having a father from the working class at birth was...

  18. Advanced life events (ALEs) that impede aging-in-place among seniors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindquist, Lee A; Ramirez-Zohfeld, Vanessa; Sunkara, Priya; Forcucci, Chris; Campbell, Dianne; Mitzen, Phyllis; Cameron, Kenzie A

    2016-01-01

    Despite the wishes of many seniors to age-in-place in their own homes, critical events occur that impede their ability to do so. A gap exists as to what these advanced life events (ALEs) entail and the planning that older adults perceive is necessary. The purpose of this study was to identify seniors' perceptions and planning toward ALEs that may impact their ability to remain in their own home. We conducted focus groups with 68 seniors, age ≥65 years (mean age 73.8 years), living in the community (rural, urban, and suburban), using open-ended questions about perceptions of future heath events, needs, and planning. Three investigators coded transcriptions using constant comparative analysis to identify emerging themes, with disagreements resolved via consensus. Subjects identified five ALEs that impacted their ability to remain at home: (1) Hospitalizations, (2) Falls, (3) Dementia, (4) Spousal Loss, and (5) Home Upkeep Issues. While recognizing that ALEs frequently occur, many subjects reported a lack of planning for ALEs and perceived that these ALEs would not happen to them. Themes for the rationale behind the lack of planning emerged as: uncertainty in future, being too healthy/too sick, offspring influences, denial/procrastination, pride, feeling overwhelmed, and financial concerns. Subjects expressed reliance on offspring for navigating future ALEs, although many had not communicated their needs with their offspring. Overcoming the reasons for not planning for ALEs is crucial, as being prepared for future home needs provides seniors a voice in their care while engaging key supporters (e.g., offspring). PMID:26952382

  19. 正常高值血压青年人群生活方式干预效果评价%Results of Life Style Intervention in Young Group of High-normal Blood Pressure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨久亮

    2014-01-01

    目的:评价正常高值血压青年人群生活方式的干预效果。方法:纳入2010年10月-2012年10月正常高值血压青年人群120例。将其随机分为干预组与对照组,各60例。对照组不进行任何干预,干预组进行2年的生活方式干预,对实施前后血压、血脂、体重指数、高血压认知度进行对比。结果:通过2年生活方式干预后,干预组血压、体重下降明显,高血压认知率明显提高,与对照组比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论:对正常高值血压人群实施生活方式干预,可有效降低血压及高血压危险因素。%Objective:To review the results of life style intervention in young people group of high-normal blood pressure. Method:The young people with high-normal blood pressure were selected from October 2010 to October 2012,and then randomly divided into intervention group(n=60) and control group(n=60). The control group without any intervention,the intervention group was given life style intervention.The changes of blood pressure,blood fat,body mass index (BMI) and disease cognition were compared before and after the intervention.Result:In intervention group,blood pressure and BMI decreased significantly and disease cognition increased significantly through life style intervention for 2 years.There was significant difference compared with control group(P<0.05).Conclusion:The life style intervention in young people group of high-normal blood pressure can effectively reduce blood pressure and risk factors of hypertension.

  20. Analysis on personality, coping style and quality of life of patients with cancer%癌症患者的个性特点、应付方式、生存质量及影响因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨肖嫦; 王相兰; 温盛霖; 曾秀珍

    2010-01-01

    Objective To investigate personality characteristics, coping styles and influential factors on quality of life (QOL) of patients with cancer.Methods Patients in three groups (patients with cancer,hepatitis patients and health control) were assessed by using Eysenck personality questionnaire (EPQ), coping style questionnaires and WHO quality of life questionnaire-brief (WHOQOL-BREF).Results Compared with the hepatitis patients and healthy persons, E and N scores of cancer patients were lower (P <0.01), resolvingproblem score and general score of WHOQOL were also lower (P < 0.01); However, self-reproach and evasive scores were higher (P <0.01).The quality of life of patients with cancer had positive correlation with resolvingproblem factor, rationalization, and course of disease.Conclusions Cancer patients more frequently had passive coping styles and introvert personality; The quality of life of patients with cancer was poorer and had positive correlation with active coping styles.%目的 研究癌症患者的个性特点、应付方式、生存质量及影响因素.方法 采用艾森克个性问卷(EPQ)、应付方式问卷、世界卫生组织生存质量量表简表(WHOQOL-BREF)等评定癌症患者组、肝炎对照组及健康对照组的个性特点、应付方式及生存质量.结果 与肝炎组和健康组相比,癌症组的E分、N分低(P<0.01),解决问题因子分低(P<0.01),自责和退避因子分高(P<0.01),生存质量总评价分低(P<0.01),生存质量与解决问题因子、合理化及病程正相关.结论 癌症患者较多采取消极的应付方式,个性内倾;癌症患者的生存质量较差,与积极的应付方式正相关.

  1. Quality of Life of Autistic Parents and Coping Style%孤独症儿童父母生活质量和应对方式的调查研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王新刚; 王俊凤; 于东岭

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore quality of life of autistic parents and coping style. Methods Using both quality of life synthesis evaluation questionnaire - 74(GQOLI-74)and the special characteristic dealing questionnaire(TCSQ)to 46 autistic parents and 46 healthy children' parents. Results ①Autistic parents' GQOLI -74 scores were significantly lower than the control group,especially the material life condition (t=l. 98,P<0. 05)and the psychologically healthy(t=2. 56,P<0. 01)(②Autistic parents had lower positive coping style than control group(t=l. 91,P<0. 05),but higher negative coping style(t=-2. 59,P<.0. 01).Conclusion Autistic parents' quality of life is poorer than that of healthy childrens'. The parents often use negative coping style to the stress events.%目的 探讨孤独症儿童父母的生活质量和应对方式.方法 采用生活质量综合评定问卷-74 (GQOLI- 74)和特质应对方式问卷( TCSQ)对46例孤独症儿童的父母及46例健康儿童的父母进行对照研究.结果 ①孤独症儿童父母的GQOLI—74维度评分均明显低于对照组,其中以物质生活状态(t=1.98,P<0.05)和心理健康(t=2.56,P<0.01)尤为显著,具有统计学意叉;②孤独症儿童父母的积极应对得分低于对照组(t=1.91,P<0.05),消极应对得分高于对照组(t=-2.59,P<0.01),消极应对表现突出,差异均具有统计学意义.结论 孤独症儿童父母的生活质量较健康对照者差,他们应对生活应激事件时易采用消极的应对方式.

  2. 留守与非留守儿童生活事件与应对方式比较%Comparative Study of Coping Styles and Life Events between Left - Behind Children and Non - Left - Behind Children

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓慧; 李秋丽; 王晓娟; 杨玉岩; 哈丽娜; 戴秀英

    2011-01-01

    aged 12 to 16 years old from two junior middle school in a city of Ningxia were selected. Among them,205 children were left -behind children and 235 children were non - left - behind children. All of them were investigated with Adolescents Self - Rating life Event Check List( ASLEC) and Coping Style Questionnaire. Results 1. There were 8 same events in the top ten occurred frequency events of left -behind children and non - left - behind children in the last year. The different events were the pressure of study from family, internal conflict of family,heavy burden of study and pressures upon their schoolwork. The frequency of the life event of failure in the examation or undesirable results was the highest among all events. 2. Interpersonal relationship, punishment, health adaptation and other four factors for left - behind children scored higher than those of the non - left - behind children (Pa< 0. 01). 3. Problem solving, retreats, vent, patience four factors for left - behind children scored higher than those of the non - left - behind children,the differences of the factor retreats was statistically significant by t test(P<0.01). Seeking help and fantasy two factors for left -behind children scored lower than those of the non -left -behind children, the differences of the factor seeking help was statistically significant by t test(P<0.01 ).4. For left -behind children,there were negative correlations between the factors interpersonal relationship, loss,other, health adaptation and problem solving, retreats, vent,fantasy, patience ; there were approximately positive correlations between the factors pressure of study, punishment and problem solving, seeking help, retreats, vent, fantasy, patience. For non - left - behind children,there were negative correlations between the factors interpersonal relationship, the pressure of study,punishment,health adaptation,other and seeking help; there were positive correlations between the factors pressure of study

  3. The Association of Levels of and Decline in Grip Strength in Old Age with Trajectories of Life Course Occupational Position.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hannes Kröger

    Full Text Available The study of the influence of life course occupational position (OP on health in old age demands analysis of time patterns in both OP and health. We study associations between life course time patterns of OP and decline in grip strength in old age.We analyze 5 waves from the Survey of Health Ageing and Retirement in Europe (n = 5108, ages 65-90. We use a pattern-mixture latent growth model to predict the level and decline in grip strength in old age by trajectory of life course OP. We extend and generalize the structured regression approach to establish the explanatory power of different life course models for both the level and decline of grip strength.Grip strength declined linearly by 0.70 kg (95% CI -0.74;-0.66 for men and 0.42 kg (95% CI -0.45;-0.39 for women per year. The level of men's grip strength can best be explained by a critical period during midlife, with those exposed to low OP during this period having 1.67 kg (95% CI -2.33;-1.00 less grip strength. These differences remain constant over age. For women, no association between OP and levels of or decline in grip strength was found.Men's OP in midlife seems to be a critical period for the level of grip strength in old age. Inequalities remain constant over age. The integration of the structured regression approach and latent growth modelling offers new possibilities for life course epidemiology.

  4. Risk factors for late-life cognitive decline and variation with age and sex in the Sydney Memory and Ageing Study.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darren M Lipnicki

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: An aging population brings increasing burdens and costs to individuals and society arising from late-life cognitive decline, the causes of which are unclear. We aimed to identify factors predicting late-life cognitive decline. METHODS: Participants were 889 community-dwelling 70-90-year-olds from the Sydney Memory and Ageing Study with comprehensive neuropsychological assessments at baseline and a 2-year follow-up and initially without dementia. Cognitive decline was considered as incident mild cognitive impairment (MCI or dementia, as well as decreases in attention/processing speed, executive function, memory, and global cognition. Associations with baseline demographic, lifestyle, health and medical factors were determined. RESULTS: All cognitive measures showed decline and 14% of participants developed incident MCI or dementia. Across all participants, risk factors for decline included older age and poorer smelling ability most prominently, but also more education, history of depression, being male, higher homocysteine, coronary artery disease, arthritis, low health status, and stroke. Protective factors included marriage, kidney disease, and antidepressant use. For some of these factors the association varied with age or differed between men and women. Additional risk and protective factors that were strictly age- and/or sex-dependent were also identified. We found salient population attributable risks (8.7-49.5% for older age, being male or unmarried, poor smelling ability, coronary artery disease, arthritis, stroke, and high homocysteine. DISCUSSION: Preventing or treating conditions typically associated with aging might reduce population-wide late-life cognitive decline. Interventions tailored to particular age and sex groups may offer further benefits.

  5. As Old as You Feel: Age Identity in Middle and Later Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Logan, John R.; And Others

    1992-01-01

    Interviewed 1,200 adults aged 40 and older to study age identity (labels reflecting self-perception in terms of age) and its relationship to well-being. Chronological age, poor health, and widow or divorce status are associated with older age identity. Having children is related to middle-aged identity. (KS)

  6. Affective Style, Humor Styles and Happiness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas E. Ford

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The present study examined the relationships between dispositional approach and avoidance motives, humor styles, and happiness. In keeping with previous research, approach motives and the two positive humor styles (self-enhancing and affiliative positively correlated with happiness, whereas avoidance motives and the two negative humor styles (self-defeating and aggressive negatively correlated with happiness. Also, we found support for three new hypotheses. First, approach motives correlated positively with self-enhancing and affiliative humor styles. Second, avoidance motives correlated positively with self-defeating humor style, and third, the positive relationship between approach motives and happiness was mediated by self-enhancing humor style.

  7. [Normal aging and cognition].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ska, Bernadette; Joanette, Yves

    2006-03-01

    It is now well documented that normal aging modifies the cognitive functioning and most observations suggest that cognition evolves in the direction of deterioration. The more frequently impaired functions are memory, attention and visual-spatial abilities. On the other hand, some abilities seem to increase, such as vocabulary. Considering the aging effect on cognition, questions remain regarding directionality, universality and reversibility. A great variability in aged related impacts is observed among subjects and among cognitive domains. Some individuals evolved more rapidly than others. Some cognitive functions are more affected by aging than others. General and specific factors are hypothesized to explain the aged related cognitive decline. Among them, educational level, health, cognitive style, life style, personality, are likely to modulate the aged related cognitive evolution by influencing attentional resources and cerebral plasticity. Cognitive resources are essential to develop adaptative strategies. During the life span, resources are activated and increased by learning and training. Considering the role of cognitive resources, successful aging is dependent on several conditions : absence of disease leading to a loss of autonomy, maintenance of cognitive and physical activities, and active and social engaged lifestyle. PMID:16527210

  8. Characterisation of two quorum sensing systems in the endophytic Serratia plymuthica strain G3: differential control of motility and biofilm formation according to life-style

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Jun

    2011-02-01

    for both strains is AHL-independent. In addition, QS in G3 positively regulated antifungal activity, production of exoenzymes, but negatively regulated production of indol-3-acetic acid (IAA, which is in agreement with previous reports in strain HRO-C48. However, in contrast to HRO-C48, swimming motility was not controlled by AHL-mediated QS. Conclusions This is the first report of the characterisation of two AHL-based quorum sensing systems in the same isolate of the genus Serratia. Our results show that the QS network is involved in the global regulation of biocontrol-related traits in the endophytic strain G3. However, although free-living and endophytic S. plymuthica share some conservation on QS phenotypic regulation, the control of motility and biofilm formation seems to be strain-specific and possible linked to the life-style of this organism.

  9. 喉癌患者生活质量与应对方式的相关性调查分析%Investigation on Correlation between Quality of Life of the Patients with Laryngeal Carcinoma and Coping Style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王琴; 金莉; 徐淑秀; 杨从艳; 王茜

    2011-01-01

    目的 探讨喉癌患者的生活质量、应对方式状况及两者之间的关系,为寻求相应的护理对策,提高喉癌患者的生活质量提供依据.方法 将58例喉癌患者设为病例组,并以同期58例健康成人作为对照组,采用自行设计的一般情况调查表、生活质量核心量表((QLQ-C30)、医学应对问卷(MCMQ)进行调查和分析.结果 病例组的整体生活质量领域和各功能领域得分均低于对照组(P<0.01),说明生活质量水平较低;与常模相比,病例组较多采用面对和回避两种应对方式,其生活质量与面对呈正相关(P<0.05),与回避、屈服呈负相关(P<0.01).结论 喉癌患者的生活质量水平降低,应采取有效的护理措施促使患者采取面对方式以应对疾病,提高生活质量.%Objective To evaluate the present situation and relevance of quality of life and coping style in patients with laryngeal carcinoma, and provide scientific basis for corresponding nursing cares to improve the quality of life of the patients.Methods 58 patients with laryngeal carcinoma were set as case group,58 healthy adults were set as control group.A self-designed information questionnaire ,quality of life core questionnaire( QLQ-C30 ), and medical coping modes questionnaire( MCMQ ) were used to surveyed the present situation and relevance of quality of life and coping style in the two groups.Results Compared with control group, the total score of quality of life and the score of every functional area of case group were low ( P < 0.01 ), this result showed that the quality of life of the patients was low; compared with normal, majority of case group chose confront style and avoidance style; the quality of life was positively correlated with confront ( P < 0.05 ), but negatively with avoidance and resignation ( P <0.01 ).Conclusion The level of quality of life was low in patients with laryngeal carcinoma, effective nursing cares should be taken to encourage the

  10. LEVERAGING AGING MATERIALS DATA TO SUPPORT EXTENSION OF TRANSPORTATION SHIPPING PACKAGES SERVICE LIFE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dunn, K. [Savannah River National Laboratory; Bellamy, S. [Savannah River National Laboratory; Daugherty, W. [Savannah River National Laboratory; Sindelar, R. [Savannah River National Laboratory; Skidmore, E. [Savannah River National Laboratory

    2013-08-18

    Nuclear material inventories are increasingly being transferred to interim storage locations where they may reside for extended periods of time. Use of a shipping package to store nuclear materials after the transfer has become more common for a variety of reasons. Shipping packages are robust and have a qualified pedigree for performance in normal operation and accident conditions but are only certified over an approved transportation window. The continued use of shipping packages to contain nuclear material during interim storage will result in reduced overall costs and reduced exposure to workers. However, the shipping package materials of construction must maintain integrity as specified by the safety basis of the storage facility throughout the storage period, which is typically well beyond the certified transportation window. In many ways, the certification processes required for interim storage of nuclear materials in shipping packages is similar to life extension programs required for dry cask storage systems for commercial nuclear fuels. The storage of spent nuclear fuel in dry cask storage systems is federally-regulated, and over 1500 individual dry casks have been in successful service up to 20 years in the US. The uncertainty in final disposition will likely require extended storage of this fuel well beyond initial license periods and perhaps multiple re-licenses may be needed. Thus, both the shipping packages and the dry cask storage systems require materials integrity assessments and assurance of continued satisfactory materials performance over times not considered in the original evaluation processes. Test programs for the shipping packages have been established to obtain aging data on materials of construction to demonstrate continued system integrity. The collective data may be coupled with similar data for the dry cask storage systems and used to support extending the service life of shipping packages in both transportation and storage.

  11. Age- and calorie-independent life span extension from dietary restriction by bacterial deprivation in Caenorhabditis elegans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sager Jennifer

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dietary restriction (DR increases life span and delays age-associated disease in many organisms. The mechanism by which DR enhances longevity is not well understood. Results Using bacterial food deprivation as a means of DR in C. elegans, we show that transient DR confers long-term benefits including stress resistance and increased longevity. Consistent with studies in the fruit fly and in mice, we demonstrate that DR also enhances survival when initiated late in life. DR by bacterial food deprivation significantly increases life span in worms when initiated as late as 24 days of adulthood, an age at which greater than 50% of the cohort have died. These survival benefits are, at least partially, independent of food consumption, as control fed animals are no longer consuming bacterial food at this advanced age. Animals separated from the bacterial lawn by a barrier of solid agar have a life span intermediate between control fed and food restricted animals. Thus, we find that life span extension from bacterial deprivation can be partially suppressed by a diffusible component of the bacterial food source, suggesting a calorie-independent mechanism for life span extension by dietary restriction. Conclusion Based on these findings, we propose that dietary restriction by bacterial deprivation increases longevity in C. elegans by a combination of reduced food consumption and decreased food sensing.

  12. A path analysis on life events, impulsive personality, coping style and suicidal ideation%大学生生活事件冲动人格及应对方式对自杀意念的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛朝霞; 梁九清

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨生活事件、冲动人格及应对方式影响大学生自杀意念的路径模型图,为自杀的预防和干预提供依据.方法 对整群随机抽取的某医科大学928名大学生施测生活事件量表(ASLEC)、冲动人格问卷(BIS - CV)、应对方式问卷(CSQ)和自杀意念量表(SIOSS),并进行相关和复回归分析,探讨冲动人格和应对方式在生活事件和自杀意念之间的中介作用.结果 相关分析结果显示:生活事件、冲动人格及应对方式与自杀意念均呈显著正相关(P值均<0.01).复回归结果显示:有6条路径显著影响大学生自杀意念,应对方式对自杀意念产生直接影响;冲动人格既可以直接影响自杀意念,也可以通过应对方式间接影响自杀意念;生活事件既可以直接影响自杀意念,也可以通过冲动人格和应对方式的中介对自杀意念产生间接影响.结论 冲动人格和应对方式在生活事件对自杀意念的影响过程中起到重要的中介作用.%Objective To analyze the relationships between life events, impulsive personality, coping style and suicidal i-deation. Methods About 928 medical freshmen were asked to complete the ASLEC, BIS - CV, CSQ and SIOSS. Correlation and multiple regression analysis were conducted to determine the path model. Results Life events, impulsive personality and coping style were significantly correlated with suicidal ideation (P <0. 01). Suicidal ideation was influenced directly by impulsive trait and coping style respectively, while impulsive trait influenced suicidal ideation through coping style. Life events performed influence on suicidal ideation directly or indirectly through impulsive trait and coping style. Conclusion During the life events' influence on suicidal ideation, impulsive trait and coping style act as important mediators.

  13. Age-based disparities in end-of-life decisions in Belgium: a population-based death certificate survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chambaere Kenneth

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A growing body of scientific research is suggesting that end-of-life care and decision making may differ between age groups and that elderly patients may be the most vulnerable to exclusion of due care at the end of life. This study investigates age-related disparities in the rate of end-of-life decisions with a possible or certain life shortening effect (ELDs and in the preceding decision making process in Flanders, Belgium in 2007, where euthanasia was legalised in 2002. Comparing with data from an identical survey in 1998 we also study the plausibility of the ‘slippery slope’ hypothesis which predicts a rise in the rate of administration of life ending drugs without patient request, especially among elderly patients, in countries where euthanasia is legal. Method We performed a post-mortem survey among physicians certifying a large representative sample (n = 6927 of death certificates in 2007, identical to a 1998 survey. Response rate was 58.4%. Results While the rates of non-treatment decisions (NTD and administration of life ending drugs without explicit request (LAWER did not differ between age groups, the use of intensified alleviation of pain and symptoms (APS and euthanasia/assisted suicide (EAS, as well as the proportion of euthanasia requests granted, was bivariately and negatively associated with patient age. Multivariate analysis showed no significant effects of age on ELD rates. Older patients were less often included in decision making for APS and more often deemed lacking in capacity than were younger patients. Comparison with 1998 showed a decrease in the rate of LAWER in all age groups except in the 80+ age group where the rate was stagnant. Conclusion Age is not a determining factor in the rate of end-of-life decisions, but is in decision making as patient inclusion rates decrease with old age. Our results suggest there is a need to focus advance care planning initiatives on elderly patients. The

  14. Groundwater age, life expectancy and transit time distributions in advective-dispersive systems: 1. Generalized reservoir theory

    CERN Document Server

    Cornaton, F; 10.1016/j.advwatres.2005.10.009

    2011-01-01

    We present a methodology for determining reservoir groundwater age and transit time probability distributions in a deterministic manner, considering advective-dispersive transport in steady velocity fields. In a first step, we propose to model the statistical distribution of groundwater age at aquifer scale by means of the classical advection-dispersion equation for a conservative and nonreactive tracer, associated to proper boundary conditions. The evaluated function corresponds to the density of probability of the random variable age, age being defined as the time elapsed since the water particles entered the aquifer. An adjoint backward model is introduced to characterize the life expectancy distribution, life expectancy being the time remaining before leaving the aquifer. By convolution of these two distributions, groundwater transit time distributions, from inlet to outlet, are fully defined for the entire aquifer domain. In a second step, an accurate and efficient method is introduced to simulate the tr...

  15. Aging with HIV: a cross-sectional study of comorbidity prevalence and clinical characteristics across decades of life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vance, David E; Mugavero, Michael; Willig, James; Raper, James L; Saag, Michael S

    2011-01-01

    Nurses and nurse practitioners require information on the health problems faced by aging HIV-infected adults. In this descriptive, cross-sectional study, we reviewed the electronic medical records of 1,478 adult patients seen in an HIV clinic between May 2006 and August 2007 to examine patterns of comorbidities, and immunological and clinical characteristics across each decade of life. With increasing age, patients were found to have lower HIV viral loads, more prescribed medications, and a higher prevalence of comorbid conditions, including coronary artery disease, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, hypogonadism, erectile dysfunction, diabetes, peripheral neuropathy, hepatitis C, esophageal gastric reflux disease, and renal disease. Fortunately, with increasing age, patients were also more likely to have public or private health insurance and tended to be more compliant to medical appointments. With growing interest in aging with HIV, this study highlights the vastly different comorbidity profiles across decades of life, calling into question what constitutes "older" with HIV. PMID:20471864

  16. Learning to eat vegetables in early life: the role of timing, age and individual eating traits.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samantha J Caton

    Full Text Available Vegetable intake is generally low among children, who appear to be especially fussy during the pre-school years. Repeated exposure is known to enhance intake of a novel vegetable in early life but individual differences in response to familiarisation have emerged from recent studies. In order to understand the factors which predict different responses to repeated exposure, data from the same experiment conducted in three groups of children from three countries (n = 332 aged 4-38 m (18.9±9.9 m were combined and modelled. During the intervention period each child was given between 5 and 10 exposures to a novel vegetable (artichoke puree in one of three versions (basic, sweet or added energy. Intake of basic artichoke puree was measured both before and after the exposure period. Overall, younger children consumed more artichoke than older children. Four distinct patterns of eating behaviour during the exposure period were defined. Most children were "learners" (40% who increased intake over time. 21% consumed more than 75% of what was offered each time and were labelled "plate-clearers". 16% were considered "non-eaters" eating less than 10 g by the 5th exposure and the remainder were classified as "others" (23% since their pattern was highly variable. Age was a significant predictor of eating pattern, with older pre-school children more likely to be non-eaters. Plate-clearers had higher enjoyment of food and lower satiety responsiveness than non-eaters who scored highest on food fussiness. Children in the added energy condition showed the smallest change in intake over time, compared to those in the basic or sweetened artichoke condition. Clearly whilst repeated exposure familiarises children with a novel food, alternative strategies that focus on encouraging initial tastes of the target food might be needed for the fussier and older pre-school children.

  17. Life Brought at a Tender Age: The Lived Experiences of Filipino Teenage Pregnant Women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CRISTOPHER R. PARUNGAO

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Unintended teenage pregnancy is an ever-present issue in developing countries such as the Philippines. The impact of teenage pregnancy affects the physical, emotional, social, and spiritual well being of the adolescents. Teen pregnancies carry extra health risks to both the mother and the baby. Nurses play a crucial role in supporting young people as trusted practitioners in a range of settings. This study aimed to explore the lived experiences of the teenage pregnant women. Six adolescent female aged 12-19 years old who were pregnant with their first child agreed to participate. A qualitative inquiry, specifically Husserlian descriptive phenomenology was employed. Semi-structured in depth face-to-face interviews were undertaken, audiotaped, transcribed, and analyzed using Colaizzi’s method. The richness of the experiences shared by the selections provided the necessary information to understand and describe the essence of the phenomenon understudy. Cool and warm analyses captured the following emergent themes of Trends toward issues, Fortified faith, and Optimistic outlook. For the selections in this study, being pregnant at a young age did not mean that their life and future were all over. The women were optimistic about their futures. The findings of the study have vital implications in offering specific programs and services and in developing educational materials that focus on preventing teen pregnancy. While health nurse practitioners primarily provide services and education to teens and parents in various health care facilities, they also can be significant participants in prevention activities and coalitions that are based in a community. The outcomes of the study have possible contributions to the nursing practice, to policies that facilitate the promotion of the health of the teenage mothers and the prevention of teenage pregnancies, and in building future researches especially in the education of the teens about the consequences of

  18. Васкground development questionnaire quality of life for school age children with broncho-pulmonary disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nataliya Ivasyk

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to prove feasibility of developing a questionnaire to assess quality of life for school-age children with acute broncho-pulmonary diseases. Material and Methods: analysis of scientific and methodological literature on the study of quality of life. Results: to assess quality of life using both general and specific questionnaires. The most of special are questionnaires designed for adults, and all pulmonary questionnaires designed for chronic diseases. There are of survey questionnaire for children with acute broncho-pulmonary diseases. Conclusions: the proposed of us a questionnaire for children with broncho-pulmonary diseases include questions to determine the effect impact of symptoms of diseasea on motor activity and quality of life. In future we plans to cheak effectiveness of the application of this questionnaire for determine quality of life of children with acute broncho-pulmonary diseases with goal to determine the effectiveness of the rehabilitation process

  19. Life span of C57 mice as influenced by radiation dose, dose rate, and age at exposure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study was designed to measure the life shortening of C57BL/6J male mice as a result of exposure to five external doses from 60Co gamma radiation delivered at six different dose rates. Total doses ranged from 20 to 1620 rad at exposure rates ranging from 0.7 to 36,000 R/day. The ages of the mice at exposure were newborn, 2, 6, or 15 months. Two replications were completed. Although death was the primary endpoint, we did perform gross necropsies. The life span findings are variable, but we found no consistent shortening compared to control life spans. Therefore, we cannot logically extrapolate life shortening to lower doses, from the data we have obtained. In general, the younger the animals were at the beginning of exposure, the longer their life spans were compared to those of controls. This relationship weakened at the higher doses and dose rates, as mice in these categories tended not to have significantly different life spans from controls. Using life span as a criterion, we find this study suggests that some threshold dosage may exist beyond which effects of external irradiation may be manifested. Up to this threshold, there is no shortening effect on life span compared to that of control mice. Our results are in general agreement with the results of other researchers investigating human and other animal life span effects on irradiation

  20. Age at the onset of senescence in birds and mammals is predicted by early-life performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Péron, Guillaume; Gimenez, Olivier; Charmantier, Anne; Gaillard, Jean-Michel; Crochet, Pierre-André

    2010-09-22

    Life-history theory predicts that traits involved in maturity, reproduction and survival correlate along a fast-slow continuum of life histories. Evolutionary theories and empirical results indicate that senescence-related traits vary along this continuum, with slow species senescing later and at a slower pace than fast species. Because senescence patterns are typically difficult to estimate from studies in the wild, here we propose to predict the associated trait values in the frame of life-history theory. From a comparative analysis based on 81 free-ranging populations of 72 species of birds and mammals, we find that a nonlinear combination of fecundity, age at first reproduction and survival over the immature stage can account for ca two-thirds of the variance in the age at the onset of actuarial senescence. Our life-history model performs better than a model predicting the onset based on generation time, and it only includes life-history traits during early life as explanatory variables, i.e. parameters that are both theoretically expected to shape senescence and are measurable within relatively short studies. We discuss the good-fit of our life-history model to the available data in the light of current evolutionary theories of senescence. We further use it to evaluate whether studies that provided no evidence for senescence lasted long enough to include the onset of senescence.

  1. On traditional physical education based on college students' unhealthy life style%民族传统体育教育的再探讨——基于大学生不良生活方式的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽丽

    2012-01-01

    针对当前大学生存在诸多不良生活方式,从民族传统体育教育中寻求解决方案,把大学生接受民族传统体育教育的时间分为准备阶段、行动阶段、维持阶段,科学地安排每个阶段的目的、任务和方法,从而系统地培养学生科学健康的生活方式。%Considering the unhealthy life style of the college students,we attempt to reform the traditional teaching method of physical education.The process the college students are physically educated can be divided into three stages:preparatory stage,action stage and sustaining stage.We should work out different aims,tasks and teaching methods for different stages so as to guide the college students with a healthy life style.

  2. A Discourse about Education of Yoga and Fostering Healthy life StYle of College Students%基于瑜伽教育的视角谈大学生健康生活方式的培养

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲍亮; 钱枝

    2011-01-01

    Education of yoga that is relaxing physical education is to comprehensively perfect "body", "heart" and "soul" through breathing, posture and meditation so that people can develop comprehensively. Through discussing the influence of yoga on fostering healthy life style of college students this text points out how to carry out yoga sports that can help college students foster healthy life style.%瑜伽教育通过呼吸、姿势和冥想。从整体上完善人的“身、心、灵”,达到圆融合一,促进人的全面发展。文章通过阐述瑜伽教育对于大学生健康生活方式培养的影响,提出如何在高校开展瑜伽运动,以帮助大学生形成健康的生活方式。

  3. Coping Style as Mediator on the Relationship Between Meaning in Life and Life Satisfaction in Graduate Students%应对方式在硕士研究生生活满意度与生命意义关系中的中介作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵丹; 王勇慧; 李娟娟; 王丽

    2014-01-01

    Objective To explore the intermediary effect of coping style in the relationship between the meaning in life and life satis -faction in college students.Methods A total of 514 master students(263 boys and 251 girls)from four Chinese universities completed a survey that included the Meaning in Life Questionnaire ,the Trait Coping Style Questionnaire and the Life Satisfaction Scales Application toCollegeStudents.Results ①Femalegraduatestudents'lifesatisfactionwassignificantlyhigherthanthatofmalegraduatestudents(t=-3.56,P<0.001).②Life satisfaction of graduate students had significant positive correlation with search for meaning ,presence for meaning and positive coping style(r=0.33,0.09,0.23,P<0.05),and significant negative correlation with negative coping style (r=-0.16,P<0.001).Search for meaning had significant positive correlation with negative coping style (r=0.12,P<0.01).③Meaning in life could not only predict life satisfaction directly ,but also by the mediating role of positive and negative coping style indirectly .Conclu-sion Coping style is a mediator on the relationship between meaning in life and life satisfaction of graduate students .%目的:探讨应对方式在研究生生命意义与生活满意度关系中的中介作用。方法采用生命意义感量表、特质应对方式问卷和大学生生活满意度评定量表对514名在校研究生进行问卷调查。结果①女生的生活满意度显著高于男生(t=-3.56,P<0.001);②生活满意度与生命意义体验、生命意义寻求和积极应对方式存在显著的正相关( r=0.33,0.09,0.23,P<0.05),与消极应对方式存在显著的负相关(r=-0.16,P<0.001);生命意义寻求与消极应对方式成正相关(r=0.12,P<0.01);③生命意义感不仅对生活满意度有直接预测作用,还可以通过积极应对方式和消极应对方式起间接预测作用。结论应对方式是研究生生命意

  4. Social structure, life stress and depressive symptoms in a high school-aged population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gore, S; Aseltine, R H; Colton, M E

    1992-06-01

    Data from a randomly selected sample of 1,208 high school-aged adolescents were used to examine the means through which life stress is associated with depressive symptoms. Analyses focus on family structure, socioeconomic status, and gender as background risks which directly and indirectly influence symptoms, as well as vulnerability contexts that shape differential responsiveness to stressful experiences. Findings indicate (1) significant gender differences in aspects of stress exposure and in additive models of stress effects, but stresses and supports do not explain the significant gender difference in depressive symptoms; (2) girls in low education backgrounds have the highest levels of depressive symptoms; (3) there are no gender differences in vulnerability to stress; (4) children in single-parent families have higher symptom levels, effects explained by economic conditions and stress exposure--they are no more vulnerable than others to the depressing effects of these stresses; and (5) both boys and girls in low SES backgrounds are more vulnerable to a wide range of stresses and support deficits. PMID:1619266

  5. Longitudinal Studies of Cerebral Glucose Metabolism in Late-Life Depression and Normal Aging

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marano, Christopher M.; Workman, Clifford I.; Kramer, Elisse; Hermann, Carol R.; Ma, Yilong; Dhawan, Vijay; Chaly, Thomas; Eidelberg, David; Smith, Gwenn S.

    2014-01-01

    Objective Late-life depression (LLD) has a substantial public health impact and is both a risk factor for and prodrome of dementia. Positron Emission Tomography (PET) studies of cerebral glucose metabolism have demonstrated sensitivity in evaluating neural circuitry involved in depression, aging, incipient cognitive decline and dementia. The present study evaluated the long term effects of a course of antidepressant treatment on glucose metabolism in LLD patients. Methods Nine LLD patients and 7 non-depressed control subjects underwent clinical and cognitive evaluations as well as brain magnetic resonance imaging and PET studies of cerebral glucose metabolism at baseline, after 8 weeks of treatment with citalopram for a major depressive episode (patients only), and at an approximately 2 year follow-up. Results The majority of LLD patients were remitted at follow-up (7/9). Neither patients nor controls showed significant cognitive decline. The patients showed greater increases in glucose metabolism than the controls in regions associated with mood symptoms (anterior cingulate and insula). Both groups showed decreases in metabolism in posterior association cortices implicated in dementia. Conclusions Longitudinal changes in cerebral glucose metabolism are observed in controls and LLD patients without significant cognitive decline that are more extensive than the decreases in brain volume. Longer duration follow-up studies and the integration of other molecular imaging methods will have implications for understanding the clinical and neurobiological significance of these metabolic changes. PMID:22740289

  6. Cochlear Implants in Subjects Over Age 65: Quality of Life and Audiological Outcomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aimoni, Claudia; Ciorba, Andrea; Hatzopoulos, Stavros; Ramacciotti, Giulia; Mazzoli, Manuela; Bianchini, Chiara; Rosignoli, Monica; Skarżyński, Henryk; Skarżyński, Piotr H

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND Cochlear implants (CIs) have been recognized as a safe and effective means for profound hearing loss rehabilitation in children and adults and recently their use has been extended to subjects over 65 years of age. The aim of this paper was to assess indices related to changes in the quality of life (QoL) in elderly CI recipients. MATERIAL AND METHODS A case-control paradigm was used to assess the effects of CIs on the QoL. Forty-two subjects were assigned to the Case group and 15 subjects to the Control group. All 57 subjects were affected by profound hearing loss and had received a CI. Audiological data were collected from both groups at: (i) 1 month pre-implantation [T1]; (ii) 1 day pre- implantation [T2]; (iii) 30 days post-implantation, with CI used in free field [T3]; and (iv) 12 months post-implantation, with CI used in a free field [T4]. The QoL was assessed via a Glasgow Benefit Inventory (GBI) questionnaire, adapted to otolaryngology. To compare subjects across different ages with varying degrees of speech development, a perception parameter was used from the Speech Perception Categories test developed by Geers and Moog. RESULTS Hearing performance was considerably improved after CI. In relation to the hearing performance at time T1, statistically significant threshold gains were observed in both groups in the T3 and T4 observation windows. At time T4, a threshold gain of 70 dB HL in the Case group and a gain of 84 dB HL in the Control group were observed. With speech therapy rehabilitation, a perception level of 6 was reached by 80.0% of patients in the Case group and by 100% of patients in the Control group. In terms of QoL, both groups showed improved post-CI scores. Statistical differences were observed between the 2 groups, with the Control group outperforming the Case group in all but the social section. CONCLUSIONS Despite age-related changes in auditory system and prolonged hearing deprivation, CIs offer audiological and QoL benefits in

  7. 生活方式与乳腺癌发病相关性的研究进展%Research advances of relationship between breast cancer and life style

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马骏; 傅继华

    2012-01-01

    目的:总结生活方式对乳腺癌发病影响的研究进展.方法:以“乳腺癌,乳腺肿瘤,危险因素”等为关键词,检索检索CHKD期刊全文数据库、中国生物医学文献数据库(CBM)和Medline 2001-2011年发表的文章,纳入标准:1)乳腺癌发病风险和易感因素的研究;2)易感因素中关于生活方式的研究.剔除标准:1)综述类文献;2)研究资料缺失或者文献质量较差.根据纳入和剔除标准,共纳入分析31篇文献,均为英文文献.结果:生活方式中饮食、吸烟和饮酒均对乳腺癌的发病有影响,但由于各项研究的偏倚,各因素与乳腺癌发病的确切关系尚不明确.饮食因素中植物雌激素的摄入是目前的研究热点,但目前研究都集中在动物实验和流行病学研究阶段,尚需大样本的、前瞻性的随机试验来评估植物雌激素对乳腺癌发病的影响.结论:乳腺癌的发生是一个多因素共同作用的过程,其中生活方式是与患者关系最密切,而且最容易被干预的因素之一,良好的生活方式将有助于乳腺癌的预防.%OBJECTIVE: To detect the relationship between breast cancer and life style. METHODS: With breast neoplasms and risk factors as key words, papers published from 2001 - 2011 in the data base of CHKD, CBM and Med-line were searched. Inclusion criteria; research about breast cancer risk factors, life style in risk factors. Detection criteria: literature review; papers with poor quality. According to the criteria, totally 31 English papers were analyzed. RESULTS- In the factors of life style, food, smoking and drinking are the mainly factors. But because of the research bias, the exactly relationship of these factors is not sure. Plant estrogen is the hot point now. But more clinical researches are needed. CONCLUSIONS: Breast cancer is caused by many factors. Life style is the factor which can be affected easily, and good life style is helpful to the prevention of breast cancer.

  8. Sensitivity analysis in a life cycle assessment of an aged red wine production from Catalonia, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meneses, M; Torres, C M; Castells, F

    2016-08-15

    Sustainability in agriculture and food processing is an issue with a clear growing interest; especially in products were consumers have particular awareness regarding its environmental profile. This is the case of wine industry depending on grape production, winemaking and bottling. Also viticulture and generally agricultural production is significantly affected by climate variations. The aim of this article is to determine the environmental load of an aged red wine from a winery in Catalonia, Spain, over its entire life cycle, including sensitivity analysis of the main parameters related to the cultivation, vinification and bottling. The life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology is used for the environmental analysis. In a first step, life cycle inventory (LCI) data were collected by questionnaires and interviews with the winemaker, all data are actual operating data and all the stages involved in the production have been taken into account (viticulture, vinification, bottling and the disposal subsystem). Data were then used to determine the environmental profile by a life cycle impact assessment using the ReCiPe method. Annual variability in environmental performance, stresses the importance of including timeline analysis in the wine sector. Because of that this study is accompanied with a sensitivity analysis carried out by a Monte Carlo simulation that takes into account the uncertainty and variability of the parameters used. In this manner, the results are presented with confidence intervals to provide a wider view of the environmental issues derived from the activities of the studied wine estate regardless of the eventualities of a specific harvesting year. Since the beverage packaging has an important influence in this case, a dataset for the production of green glass was adapted to reflect the actual recycling situation in Spain. Furthermore, a hypothetical variation of the glass-recycling rate in the glass production completes this article, as a key variable

  9. Sensitivity analysis in a life cycle assessment of an aged red wine production from Catalonia, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meneses, M; Torres, C M; Castells, F

    2016-08-15

    Sustainability in agriculture and food processing is an issue with a clear growing interest; especially in products were consumers have particular awareness regarding its environmental profile. This is the case of wine industry depending on grape production, winemaking and bottling. Also viticulture and generally agricultural production is significantly affected by climate variations. The aim of this article is to determine the environmental load of an aged red wine from a winery in Catalonia, Spain, over its entire life cycle, including sensitivity analysis of the main parameters related to the cultivation, vinification and bottling. The life cycle assessment (LCA) methodology is used for the environmental analysis. In a first step, life cycle inventory (LCI) data were collected by questionnaires and interviews with the winemaker, all data are actual operating data and all the stages involved in the production have been taken into account (viticulture, vinification, bottling and the disposal subsystem). Data were then used to determine the environmental profile by a life cycle impact assessment using the ReCiPe method. Annual variability in environmental performance, stresses the importance of including timeline analysis in the wine sector. Because of that this study is accompanied with a sensitivity analysis carried out by a Monte Carlo simulation that takes into account the uncertainty and variability of the parameters used. In this manner, the results are presented with confidence intervals to provide a wider view of the environmental issues derived from the activities of the studied wine estate regardless of the eventualities of a specific harvesting year. Since the beverage packaging has an important influence in this case, a dataset for the production of green glass was adapted to reflect the actual recycling situation in Spain. Furthermore, a hypothetical variation of the glass-recycling rate in the glass production completes this article, as a key variable

  10. 加强党员干部日常生活作风建设研究∗%Study on Construction of the Life Style of CCP Members and Cadres

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢加书; 粟林杰

    2016-01-01

    加强党员干部日常生活作风建设是全面从严治党、推进党风政风和社会风气好转的根本要求。中国共产党一贯高度重视党员干部的日常生活作风建设,形成了优良的传统和一系列的制度规范。近年来,一些党员干部在日常消费、婚姻家庭生活、人际交往、休闲娱乐等方面不同程度地存在着一些违纪违法现象和问题,有的问题甚至成为贪污腐败和蜕化变质的导火索。加强党员干部日常生活作风建设,不仅需要增强理想信念教育,引导党员干部处理好情、理、法和公与私的关系,培养党员干部积极、健康、向上的生活情趣,更要落实廉洁自律准则和纪律处分条例,同时要严格执法,强化监督,营造风清气正的政治生态。%To strengthen the construction of the daily life style of CCP members and cadres is significantly required for promoting the strict governess of CCP, improving the political climate and social climate. CCP has been continuously attaching great importance to strengthen the construction of daily life style of CCP members and cadres, good traditions and institutional norms thus formed. Currently among some CCP members and cadres, there exist breaches of laws and regulations in many aspects such as daily consumption, love and marriage life, daily interpersonal communication, leisure life and entertainment, some of these problems even become the fuse of corruption and degeneration. To strengthen the construction of daily life style requires us not only to actively enforce education of firm faith and principles, to guide CCP members and cadres clear among personal relations, principles and laws, to cope well with the rela⁃tionship between work and personal life, to develop CCP members and cadres′active,healthy and upward life style, but also to formu⁃late and implement the disciplinary rules to prevent corruption. It′s also necessary to carry out strict

  11. Quality of life of victims, bullies, and bully/victims among school-aged children in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klein Velderman, M.; Dorst, A.G. van; Wiefferink, C.H.; Detmar, S.B.; Paulussen, T.G.W.M.

    2008-01-01

    Two studies were conducted to examine the Quality of Life (QoL) of victims, bullies and bully/victims among Dutch school-aged children. Study 1 studied associations of QoL dimensions with self-reported victimisation in the Dutch sample from the KIDSCREEN Project (N = 1,669). Study 2 examined QoL of

  12. Young Children's Drawings of Plant Life: A Study Concerning the Use of Colours and Its Relationship with Age

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villarroel, José Domingo

    2016-01-01

    This study examines the drawings that elementary grade school children make on the subject of plant life. More specifically, the pictorial elements drawn by children are analysed together with their colour choices and the size of coloured surfaces. Furthermore, the results are put into perspective with the age of the children in the sample. The…

  13. Ethical Dimensions of Quality of Life in Aging: Autonomy vs. Collectivism in the United States and Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Phillip G.

    1991-01-01

    Compares and contrasts value orientations of personal independence and collectivism in the United States and Canada and examines their relationship to concept of quality of life in aging. Explores implications of the analysis for expanding understanding of importance of value dimensions in comparative gerontology, and suggests ways of integrating…

  14. Using Older People's Life Stories to Teach Developmental Psychology and Aging: Benefits and Difficulties

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villar, Feliciano; Fabà, Josep; Celdrán, Montserrat

    2013-01-01

    The goals of this study were to design and implement an experiential learning assignment in an undergraduate developmental psychology and aging course and to explore students' perceptions of it. One hundred and forty-three first-year students enrolled in an introductory course on developmental psychology across the life span recorded,…

  15. Small for Gestational Age and Magnesium in Cord Blood Platelets: Intrauterine Magnesium Deficiency May Induce Metabolic Syndrome in Later Life

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Junji Takaya

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Magnesium deficiency in pregnancy frequently occurs because of inadequate or low intake of magnesium. Magnesium deficiency during pregnancy can induce not only maternal and fetal nutritional problems, but also consequences that might last in offspring throughout life. Many epidemiological studies have disclosed that small for gestational age (SGA is associated with an increased risk of insulin resistance in adult life. We reported that intracellular magnesium of cord blood platelets is lower in SGA groups than that in appropriate for gestational age groups, suggesting that intrauterine magnesium deficiency may result in SGA. Taken together, intrauterine magnesium deficiency in the fetus may lead to or at least program insulin resistance after birth. In this review, we propose that intrauterine magnesium deficiency may induce metabolic syndrome in later life. We discuss the potential contribution of aberrant magnesium regulation to SGA and to the pathogenesis of metabolic syndrome.

  16. [Information theory of ageing: studying the effect of bone marrow transplantation on the life span of mice].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karnaukhov, A V; Karnaukhova, E V; Sergievich, L A; Karnaukhova, N A; Karnaukhova, N A; Bogdanenko, E V; Smirnov, A A; Manokhina, I A; Karnaukhov, V N

    2014-01-01

    In this paper the method of life span extension of multicellular organisms (human) using the reservation of stem cells followed by autotransplantation has been proposed. As the efficiency of this method results from the information theory of ageing, it is important to verify it experimentally testing the basic concepts of the theory. Taking it into consideration, the experiment on the bone marrow transplantation to old mice from young closely-related donors of the inbred line was carried out. It has been shown, that transplanted animals exhibited a survival advantage, a mean life span increased by 34% as compared to the control. This result not only demonstrates the efficiency of the proposed method for life span extension of multicellular organisms, but also confirms the basis of the information theory of ageing. PMID:25707248

  17. Moderating Effects of Gender on Outcomes Associated with Stressful Life Events Among Elementary School-Age Youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Shaquanna; Fite, Paula J; Poquiz, Jonathan

    2016-08-01

    Stressful life events have been associated with child and adolescent maladjustment, including elevated levels of aggression and anxiety (Attar et al. in J Clin Child Psychol 23:391-400, 1994; Fox et al. in J Adolesc 33:43-54, 2010). However, gender specific outcomes associated with stressful life events among elementary school-age youth are less known. Accordingly, the current study examined the role of gender in the associations between stressful life events and anxiety and proactive and reactive aggression. Participants included 294 elementary school-age children (M = 8.71, SD = 1.17, 50.7 % male). Regression analyses indicated that stressful life events were positively associated with anxiety and reactive, but not proactive, aggression. There were no gender differences with regard to the associations with anxiety symptoms or proactive aggression. However, gender moderated the association between stressful life events and reactive aggression, such that stressful life events were only positively associated with reactive aggression for boys. Future directions and implications of this research are presented. PMID:26429570

  18. Moderating Effects of Gender on Outcomes Associated with Stressful Life Events Among Elementary School-Age Youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Shaquanna; Fite, Paula J; Poquiz, Jonathan

    2016-08-01

    Stressful life events have been associated with child and adolescent maladjustment, including elevated levels of aggression and anxiety (Attar et al. in J Clin Child Psychol 23:391-400, 1994; Fox et al. in J Adolesc 33:43-54, 2010). However, gender specific outcomes associated with stressful life events among elementary school-age youth are less known. Accordingly, the current study examined the role of gender in the associations between stressful life events and anxiety and proactive and reactive aggression. Participants included 294 elementary school-age children (M = 8.71, SD = 1.17, 50.7 % male). Regression analyses indicated that stressful life events were positively associated with anxiety and reactive, but not proactive, aggression. There were no gender differences with regard to the associations with anxiety symptoms or proactive aggression. However, gender moderated the association between stressful life events and reactive aggression, such that stressful life events were only positively associated with reactive aggression for boys. Future directions and implications of this research are presented.

  19. Circadian rhythms of body temperature and locomotor activity in aging BALB/c mice: early and late life span predictors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basso, Andrea; Del Bello, Giovanna; Piacenza, Francesco; Giacconi, Robertina; Costarelli, Laura; Malavolta, Marco

    2016-08-01

    Impairment of one or more parameters of circadian rhythms (CR) of body temperature (BT) and locomotor activity (LMA) are considered among the hallmarks of mammalian aging. These alterations are frequently used as markers for imminent death in laboratory mice. However, there are still contradictory data for particular strains and it is also uncertain which changes might predict senescence changes later in life, including the force of mortality. In the present paper we use telemetry to study LMA and CR of BT during aging of BALB/c mice. At our knowledge this is the first time that CR of BT and LMA are investigated in this strain in a range of age covering the whole lifespan, from young adult up to very old age. CR of BT was analyzed with a cosine model using a cross sectional approach and follow-up measurements. The results show that BT, LMA, amplitude, goodness-of-fit (GoF) to circadian cycle of temperature decrease with different shapes during chronological age. Moreover, we found that the % change of amplitude and BT in early life (5-19 months) can predict the remaining lifespan of the mice. Later in life (22-32 months), best predictors are single measurements of LMA and GoF. The results of this study also offer potential measures to rapidly identifying freely unrestrained mice with the worst longitudinal outcome and against which existing or novel biomarkers and treatments may be assessed. PMID:26820297

  20. Impact of Dentofacial Deformity on Quality of Life: Age and Gender Differences Evaluated Through OQLQ, OHIP and SF36

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Carlos Bortoluzzi

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: The aim of this study was to verify the impact of dentofacial deformity on quality of life and explore gender and age differences. Material and Methods: The impact of dentofacial deformity (DD on quality of life was evaluated through questionnaires; Short Form Health Survey (SF36, Oral Health Impact Profile Questionnaire (OHIP, Orthognathic Quality of Life Questionnaire (OQLQ and a single question answered by a Visual Analogue Scale. Results: Significant differences between male and female patients were observed in domains of OQLQ (oral function, P = 0.006; awareness of facial deformity, P = 0.018; and facial aesthetics, P < 0.001 and OHIP (physical pain, P = 0.006; psychological discomfort, P = 0.007; psychological disability, P = 0.006; and handicap, P = 0.01. Conclusions: The impact of dentofacial deformity was more pronounced in female Brazilian population. Age of patients with dentofacial deformity produced impacts over quality of life in different ways and according to the applied questionnaire and the interaction between age and gender may also produce different impacts in patients with dentofacial deformity. The domains of Orthognathic Quality of Life Questionnaire, Oral Health Impact Profile Questionnaire and Short Form Health Survey showed unaccepted distances in the pattern of answer rising doubts of their ability to assess quality of life as a generic and broad concept. There is a necessity to create a single quality of life instrument capable to measure impacts with sensitivity and specificity and from a generic concept to condition-specific health problem.