WorldWideScience

Sample records for afgraensning behandling prognose

  1. Akut dissemineret encefalomyelitis. Afgraensning, behandling, prognose og evidens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Pia Sønderby; Østergaard, John R

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Acute disseminated encephalomyelitis (ADEM) is an autoimmune demyelinating disease of the central nervous system. It is difficult to distinguish between ADEM and multiple sclerosis (MS) and the treatment is much discussed. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the treatment...... and prognosis for children with ADEM and to evaluate the level of evidence in treatment. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Medical records were found by searching for diagnoses and reviewed retrospectively. The level of evidence in treatment was evaluated by searching PubMed, EMBASE and The Cochrane Library. RESULTS: 11...... children met the original inclusion criteria, acute or subacute onset of multifocal symptoms and MRI consistent with ADEM. The treatment was varied. Nine children had complete recovery. One child developed multiphasic disseminated encephalomyelitis or MS. One child developed epilepsy and cognitive deficits...

  2. Diagnose, behandling og prognose ved fibromyalgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danneskiold-Samsøe, Bente; Bartels, Else Marie; Amris, Kirstine;

    2010-01-01

    It is important to recognize the diagnosis of fibromyalgia (FM) to adequately advise patients with this chronic pain disease. FM coexists with other rheumatic diseases and may therefore serve as a confounder in connection with estimation of disease activity. The aetiology and pathogenesis of FM r...

  3. Kognitive forstyrrelser ved depression - betydning for behandling og prognose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravnkilde, Barbara; Bruun, Louise Meldgaard; Videbech, Poul

    2007-01-01

    Depression is often accompanied by cognitive disturbances, and by focusing on these deficits practitioners can obtain important information about the status of the disease and the prognosis of the patient. From this perspective, patients may also gain useful insight into their own condition...

  4. Bedre prognose af cystinose ved behandling med cysteamin og nyretransplantation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oczachowska-Kulik, Anne; Lund, A M; Skovby, F;

    2011-01-01

    Cystinosis is a rare, autosomal recessive disease with cystine deposits in different tissues. First signs come from kidneys and eyes, but during progression of the disease other organs can also be affected. Previously, patients with cystinosis had a very poor prognosis, but it is now considerably...... improved due to new methods of treatment. The purpose of this paper is to give a brief review of the disease and discuss the significant improvement of the prognosis, which has been achieved by specific medical treatment with cystine-depleting agents, and, if needed, by kidney transplantation....

  5. Mentaliseringsbaseret behandling og musikterapi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hannibal, Niels

    2013-01-01

    Denne artikel behandler spørgsmålet, om mentaliseringsbaseret terapi er en metode der medfører et skift i terapeutisk forholdemåde for analytisk orienterede musikterapeuter i arbejde med patienter med personlighedsforstyrrelse. Artiklen skal ses om en del af den teoretiske integrationer af MBT i ...

  6. Prognose von Gewerbemieten in Deutschland

    OpenAIRE

    Ludwig, Helge

    2007-01-01

    Die Arbeit untersucht die Prognose von Gewerbemieten in Deutschland und entwickelt geeignete Mietprognosemodelle. Hierzu werden Marktforschungsmethoden auf die Immobilienökonomie übertragen. Die disperse Struktur des deutschen Immobilienmarktes erfordert die Entwicklung unterschiedlicher Prognosemodelle unter Berücksichtigung der jeweiligen Marktbesonderheiten. Einzelne Marktsegmente werden anhand der Nutzungsart und der räumlichen Abgrenzung definiert. Für diese Teilmärkte liegen jeweils Mar...

  7. Prognose: SF den store vinder af kommunalvalget

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Søren Risbjerg

    2009-01-01

    KV-09: SF stormer ifølge Altinget.dks prognose ind i byråd og ikke mindst regionsråd ved valget til november, mens Radikale halveres.......KV-09: SF stormer ifølge Altinget.dks prognose ind i byråd og ikke mindst regionsråd ved valget til november, mens Radikale halveres....

  8. Alternativ behandling og kræft

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lunde, Anita; Johannessen, Helle

    2010-01-01

    Baggrund: Interessen for komplementær og alternativ behandling (KAB) er stadig stigende, og der kan dokumenteres et større forbrug af KAB blandt kræftpatienter. Patienter anvender primært KAB som supplement til deres konventionelle behandling, og mange så gerne KAB som en integreret praksis. Fler...

  9. Variationer av mindfulness i klinisk behandling

    OpenAIRE

    Wetterholm, Petra

    2008-01-01

    Mindfulness i klinisk behandling är ingen enhetlig företeelse. Ett flertal sätt att definiera, operationalisera och tillämpa mindfulness samexisterar i det kliniska rummet. Syftet med denna studie var att åskådliggöra terapeuters kvalitativt varierande sätt att beskriva, använda och uppleva mindfulness i klinisk behandling och att undersöka faktorer av betydelse för dessa variationer. Elva terapeuters arbete studerades genom semistrukturerade intervjuer varpå en teoristyrd tematisk analys av ...

  10. Gruppebaseret behandling af BED - et faseopdelt behandlingstilbud

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laust, Jakob; Lau, Marianne Engelbrecht; Waaddegaard, Mette

    2015-01-01

    Titel: Afrapportering vedr. SATS-puljemidler til behandling og erfaringsopsamling vedr. BED for perioden 1. marts 2013 – 1. maj 2015. Baggrund: Binge Eating Disorder (BED), på dansk tvangsoverspisning, er en udbredt, men overset spiseforstyrrelse med alvorlige psykiske, fysiske og sociale...... konsekvenser. BED blev i 2013 optaget i DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) som en selvstændig diagnose og BED forventes medtaget i den forestående revision af det internationale diagnose system, ICD-11. Sundhedsstyrelsen gav på denne baggrund satspuljemidler til erfaringsopsamling...... vedr. BED. I den forbindelse ansøgte Ambulatorium for Spiseforstyrrelser på Psykoterapeutisk Center Stolpegård ovenstående midler til at udvikle en ambulant, primært psykoterapeutisk gruppebehandling til patienter med moderat til svær BED med fokus på såvel spiseforstyrrelse såvel som overvægt. Metode...

  11. Livscyklusvurdering af behandling af deponeret shredderaffald

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Jacob; Damgaard, Anders; Brogaard, Line Kai-Sørensen;

    Denne rapport indeholder en livscyklusbaseret miljøvurdering (LCA) af behandling af deponeret shredderaffald. Livscyklusvurderingen blev udført for Miljøstyrelsen af DTU Miljø i perioden 2013-2014 som en del af en ydelsesaftale mellem Miljøstyrelsen og DTU om forskningsbaseret myndighedsbetjening...... in-den for affaldsområdet. Rapporten indgår i en større undersøgelse vedrørende bedre ressourceud-nyttelse af affald, hvori såvel den miljømæssige som den samfundsøkonomiske konsekvens for forskellige scenarier vedr. affaldshåndtering af shredderaffald, imprægneret træ, træ til genanven-delse samt...... fjernvarmerør undersøges. Livscyklusvurderingen blev udført vha. LCA-modellen EA-SETECH, som er udviklet af DTU Miljø til miljøvurdering af affaldssystemer. Livscyklusvurderingen blev udført i overensstemmelse med principperne for LCA, som beskrevet i DS/EN ISO-standard 14044. Afrapporteringen følger ISO...

  12. Behandling af digital dermatitis på KFC

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krogh, Kenneth; Thomsen, Peter

    2008-01-01

    På Kvægbrugets Forsøgscenter blev de rutinemæssige klovbade i maj 2007 erstattet med månedlige tjek af klove i beskærerboks og behandling af klovlidelser, herunder især Digital Dermatitis. Behandlingseffekten har været høj med 90 % helbredte efter en måned. Udgivelsesdato: april 2008......På Kvægbrugets Forsøgscenter blev de rutinemæssige klovbade i maj 2007 erstattet med månedlige tjek af klove i beskærerboks og behandling af klovlidelser, herunder især Digital Dermatitis. Behandlingseffekten har været høj med 90 % helbredte efter en måned. Udgivelsesdato: april 2008...

  13. Encephalic hemodynamic phases in subarachnoid hemorrhage: how to improve the protective effect in patient prognoses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo de Lima Oliveira

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Subarachnoid hemorrhage is frequently associated with poor prognoses. Three different hemodynamic phases were identified during subarachnoid hemorrhage: oligemia, hyperemia, and vasospasm. Each phase is associated with brain metabolic changes. In this review, we correlated the hemodynamic phases with brain metabolism and potential treatment options in the hopes of improving patient prognoses.

  14. Sidste prognose før valget: SF den store vinder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Søren Risbjerg

    2009-01-01

    KV09: I sin sidste prognose til Altinget.dk før kommunalvalget tirsdag holder professor Søren Risbjerg Thomsen fast ved SF som den store vinder.......KV09: I sin sidste prognose til Altinget.dk før kommunalvalget tirsdag holder professor Søren Risbjerg Thomsen fast ved SF som den store vinder....

  15. Encephalic hemodynamic phases in subarachnoid hemorrhage:how to improve the protective effect in patient prognoses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Marcelo de Lima Oliveira; Daniel Silva de Azevedo; Milena Krajnyk de Azevedo; Ricardo de Carvalho Nogueira; Manoel Jacobsen Teixeira; Edson Bor-Seng-Shu

    2015-01-01

    Subarachnoid hemorrhage is frequently associated with poor prognoses. Three different hemo-dynamic phases were identified during subarachnoid hemorrhage: oligemia, hyperemia, and vasospasm. Each phase is associated with brain metabolic changes. In this review, we correlated the hemodynamic phases with brain metabolism and potential treatment options in the hopes of improving patient prognoses.

  16. Hvilken evidens er der for medikamentel behandling af depression hos børn og unge?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Per Hove; Sørensen, Merete Juul

    2007-01-01

    Depression hos børn og unge er relativt hyppigt forekommende og kan have svære konsekvenser. Den specifikke antidepressive behandling kan være psykoterapeutisk eller medikamentel. I artiklen gennemgås på baggrund af systematisk litteratursøgning den videnskabelige evidens for medikamentel...... behandling af depression hos børn og unge med hovedvægten lagt på de mest veldokumenterede medikamenter: selektive serotoningenoptagelseshæmmere....

  17. Etiologie en prognose van de perifere facialis verlamming. Een virologisch en electrodiagnostisch onderzoek

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mulkens, Paulus Servatius Johannes Zoltanus

    1980-01-01

    Dit proefschrift behandelt een klinisch onderzoek bij perifere facialis verlammingen waarbij is getracht na te gaan, enerzijds de pathogenese van de idiopathische vorm van verlamming, de Bell's palsy, anderzijds de wijze waarop de prognose snel en betrouwbaar kan worden opgemaakt. ... Zie: Samenvatt

  18. Relationship between Radiological Stages and Prognoses of Pneumocystis Pneumonia in Non-AIDS Immunocompromised Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiang-Dong Mu

    2016-01-01

    Conclusions: Based on the radiological manifestations, the course of PCP in non-AIDS immunocompromised patients can be divided into three stages: early stage, mid stage, and late stage. The prognoses of patients treated at early stage are good, and those at late stage are poor. Furthermore, the CFR of patients with barotrauma is high.

  19. Assessing the prognoses on Health care in the information society 2013--thirteen years after.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knaup, Petra; Ammenwerth, Elske; Dujat, Carl; Grant, Andrew; Hasman, Arie; Hein, Andreas; Hochlehnert, Achim; Kulikowski, Casimir; Mantas, John; Maojo, Victor; Marschollek, Michael; Moura, Lincoln; Plischke, Maik; Röhrig, Rainer; Stausberg, Jürgen; Takabayashi, Katsuhiko; Uckert, Frank; Winter, Alfred; Wolf, Klaus-Hendrik; Haux, Reinhold

    2014-07-01

    Health care and information technology in health care is advancing at tremendous speed. We analysed whether the prognoses by Haux et al. - first presented in 2000 and published in 2002 - have been fulfilled in 2013 and which might be the reasons for match or mismatch. Twenty international experts in biomedical and health informatics met in May 2013 in a workshop to discuss match or mismatch of each of the 71 prognoses. After this meeting a web-based survey among workshop participants took place. Thirty-three prognoses were assessed matching; they reflect e.g. that there is good progress in storing patient data electronically in health care institutions. Twenty-three prognoses were assessed mismatching; they reflect e.g. that telemedicine and home monitoring as well as electronic exchange of patient data between institutions is not established as widespread as expected. Fifteen prognoses were assessed neither matching nor mismatching. ICT tools have considerably influenced health care in the last decade, but in many cases not as far as it was expected by Haux et al. in 2002. In most cases this is not a matter of the availability of technical solutions but of organizational and ethical issues. We need innovative and modern information system architectures which support multiple use of data for patient care as well as for research and reporting and which are able to integrate data from home monitoring into a patient centered health record. Since innovative technology is available the efficient and wide-spread use in health care has to be enabled by systematic information management. PMID:24952606

  20. Orale senfølger af behandling for hoved-halscancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Assaad, Hala; Dynesen, Anja Weirsøe; Thisted, Lise Bjerrum;

    2014-01-01

    Forebyggelse af orale senfølger af behandling for hoved-hals-cancer er vigtig for orale funktioner og livskvalitet Patienter, der er strålebehandlet for hovedhals-cancer, oplever betydelige senfølger i mundhulen; herunder xerostomi og hyposalivation, oral candidose, ubehag og smerte fra...... orale senfølger....

  1. Aid and the Dutch Disease in Low-Income Countries; Informed Diagnoses for Prudent Prognoses

    OpenAIRE

    Mwanza Nkusu

    2004-01-01

    This paper demonstrates that the Dutch disease need not materialize in low-income countries that can draw on their idle productive capacity to satisfy the aid-induced increased demand. Diagnoses on, and prognoses for, the Dutch disease should take into account country-specific circumstances to avoid ill-advised policies. The paper emphasizes that using public resources inefficiently can be more painful than real exchange rate appreciations, which may not necessarily embody the Dutch disease.

  2. Ribosomal protein S27-like in colorectal cancer: a candidate for predicting prognoses.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chi-Jung Huang

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The development and progression of colorectal cancer (CRC involve a complex process of multiple genetic changes. Tumor suppressor p53 is capable of determining the fate of CRC cells. However, the role of a p53-inducible modulator, ribosomal protein S27-like (RPS27L, in CRC is unknown. METHODS: Here, the differential expression of RPS27L was examined in the feces and colonic tissues of CRC patients, to explore its possible correlation with patient survival and to investigate the cellular mechanisms underlying their clinical outcomes. Eighty intermediate-stage CRC patients (42 at stage II and 38 at stage III were divided into two groups according to their fecal RPS27L mRNA levels. The survival probabilities of the groups were estimated using the Kaplan-Meier method. The RPS27L protein in the colonic tissues of stage III patients with different prognoses was further examined immunohistochemically. RPS27L expression in LoVo cells was manipulated to examine the possible cellular responses in vitro. RESULTS: Elevated RPS27L expression, in either feces or tissues, was related to a better prognosis. In vitro, RPS27L-expressing LoVo cells ceased DNA synthesis and apoptotic activity while the expression of their DNA repair molecules was upregulated. CONCLUSIONS: Elevated RPS27L may improve the prognoses of certain CRC patients by enhancing the DNA repair capacity of their colonic cells, and can be determined in feces. By integrating clinical, molecular, and cellular data, our study demonstrates that fecal RPS27L may be a useful index for predicting prognoses and guiding personalized therapeutic strategies, especially in patients with intermediate-stage CRC.

  3. Blødningsforstyrrelser hos kvinder. Undersøgelse og behandling i almen praksis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Astrup, Karen

    1994-01-01

    Artiklen omfatter resultaterne af en spørgeskemaundersøgelse til 200 praktiserende læger efteråret 1992 om lægernes undersøgelse og behandling af forskellige former for blødningsforstyrrelser hos kvinder i almen praksis. Undersøgelsen blev udført mhp. Karen Astrup's deltagelse i expertpanelet til...... konsensuskonferencen "Blødningsforstyrrelser hos kvinder" febr. 1993. Udgivelsesdato: 1994......Artiklen omfatter resultaterne af en spørgeskemaundersøgelse til 200 praktiserende læger efteråret 1992 om lægernes undersøgelse og behandling af forskellige former for blødningsforstyrrelser hos kvinder i almen praksis. Undersøgelsen blev udført mhp. Karen Astrup's deltagelse i expertpanelet til...

  4. Fysisk rehabilitering i forbindelse med behandling af hæmatologiske sygdomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høgdal, Nina; Bartels, Frederik Reith; Smith, Nicholas Simon;

    2015-01-01

    I denne statusartikel vurderes det, hvorvidt det eksisterende fysioterapeutiske træningstilbud under behandling af maligne sygdomme med højdosis kemoterapi og perifer stamcellestøtte (HD-ASCT) lever op til anbefalingerne i Kræftplan III. Alle seks hospitaler i Danmark, som behandler patienter med...... HDASCT, indgår i undersøgelsen. Resultatet af undersøgelsen peger på, at fysisk aktivitet ikke er højt prioriteret på landets hospitaler. Fysioterapinormeringen er sparsom, så daglig prioritering er nødvendig, og enkelte steder er der under indlæggelse ventetid på opstart af fysioterapi...

  5. Mittelfristige Prognose der österreichischen Wirtschaft 2000-2004: Ökonometrisches Forschungsprogramm des Instituts für Höhere Studien

    OpenAIRE

    Felderer, Bernhard; Grozea-Helmenstein, Daniela; Helmenstein, Christian; Hofer, Helmut; Koman, Reinhard; Riedel, Monika; Skriner, Edith; Weber, Andrea

    2000-01-01

    aus dem Inhaltsverzeichnis: Einleitung und Zusammenfassung; Die internationale Konjunktur; Die österreichische Außenwirtschaft; Perspektiven der Inlandskonjunktur; Monetäre Prognose; Tabellenanhang;

  6. Mittelfristige Prognose der österreichischen Wirtschaft 2002-2006: Ökonometrisches Forschungsprogramm des Instituts für Höhere Studien

    OpenAIRE

    Brandner, Peter; Felderer, Bernhard; Grozea-Helmenstein, Daniela; Helmenstein, Christian; Hofer, Helmut; Koman, Reinhard; Robert M. Kunst; Riedel, Monika; Schuh, Ulrich; Weber, Andrea

    2002-01-01

    aus dem Inhaltsverzeichnis: Einleitung und Zusammenfassung; Die internationale Konjunktur; Die österreichische Außenwirtschaft; Perspektiven der Inlandskonjunktur; Monetäre Prognose; Tabellenanhang;

  7. Behandling mot alla odds : En kvalitativ studie om den offentliga sektorns förutsättningar för arbete med behandling av spelberoende

    OpenAIRE

    Ekeroth, Helena; Yngström, Henrik

    2015-01-01

    Denna studies syfte är att belysa hur professionella som i sitt yrke möter hjälpsökande spelberoende individer uppfattar och reflekterar kring möjligheten att arbeta med hjälp och behandling av spelberoende utifrån sin organisations förutsättningar och ansvar. Studien har genomförts genom djupintervjuer med professionella inom kommun, landsting, en privat ägd behandlingsorganisation och en nationell organisation inriktade mot spelberoende i syfte att erhålla en så bred bild av spektrumet som ...

  8. CT findings and prognoses of anoxic brain damage due to near-drowning in children

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    We investigated the relationship between serial cranial CT findings and prognoses in 11 children after near-drowning. These patients were rescued after heart arrest for more than 10 minutes and all comatose on admission. CT scans were performed within 2 weeks, at 3 weeks-1 month, 2-4 months and more than 5 months after admission. Characteristics of CT findings and prognoses were classified into four groups. Group 1 - low density areas in thalami, basal ganglia and cortical white matters within 2 weeks (three cases; one died, two became vegitative). Group 2 - enlargement of the third ventricle at 3 weeks-1 month, and atrophy of pons at 2-4 months (three cases; severe quadriplegia and mental retardation). Group 3 - enlargement of the third ventricle at 3 weeks-1 month, but atrophy of pons not observed at 2-4 months (three cases; mild motor disabilities and mild mental retardation). Group 4 - enlargement of third ventricle not observed at 3 weeks-1 month (two cases; neither paralysis nor mental retardation). (author)

  9. Mobile vehicles in the Netherlands. Prognoses to the year 2020. Description and application of the model PROMIN; Mobiele werktuigen in Nederland. Prognoses tot 2020

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bouwman, M.E.

    1996-03-01

    Mobile machinery consists of `special vehicles` as well as `off-road vehicles`. According to the Dutch Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS) special vehicles are converted (pick-up) trucks for a specific function, e.g. ambulances, garbage trucks and concrete mixers. Off-road vehicles do not have licence plates, but are self-propelling, are converted (pick-up) trucks for a specific function, e.g. ambulances, garbage trucks and concrete mixers. A model to calculate energy use of and emissions from mobile machinery is described for the period 1990-2020. In 1990 the calculated energy use of off-road vehicles is 28.6 PJ, amounting to 1.0% of the total energy use in the Netherlands. Agricultural machinery (9 PJ) has the largest share in this use, followed by special vehicles, excavators and fork-lift trucks. Emissions from mobile machinery are calculated for a great diversity of compounds using the model. The most important are CO2, CO, VOC, NOx and aerosols. The two CPB scenarios Global Shift and European Renaissance are used in order to make prognoses of energy use of and emissions from mobile machinery. Three policy options are assumed: no policy, a policy in which the actual emission standards are used, and a policy in which the standards are accentuated further for the year 2020. 70 refs.

  10. Dispersion prognoses and consequences in the environment. A Nordic development and harmonization effort

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The project 'BER-1, Dispersion prognoses and environmental consequences' is described. The report describes the work performed and the results obtained. The bulk of the report is concerned with the first subject area, atmospheric dispersion models. The world-wide status of long-range atmospheric dispersion models at the start of the project period is described, descriptions are given of the models in use at the Nordic meteorological institutes, and validation/verification and intercomparison efforts that have been performed within the project are described. The main results of this work have been published separately. All aspects of environmental impact of releases to the atmosphere have been treated, and the end product of this part of the project is a computerized 'handbook' giving easy access to data on e.g. deposition, shielding, filtering, weathering, radionuclide transfer via all possible exposure pathways. (au)

  11. Studies on correlation of positive surgical margin with clinicopathological factors and prognoses in breast conserving surgery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nishimura, Reiki; Nagao, Kazuharu; Miyayama, Haruhiko [Kumamoto City Hospital (Japan)

    1999-09-01

    Out of 484 cases with breast conserving surgery between April 1989 and March 1999, surgical procedures of 34 cases were changed to total mastectomy due to positive surgical margins. In this study we evaluated a clinical significance of surgical margin in relation to clinicopathological factors and prognoses. Ninety-nine cases (20.5%) had positive margins that were judged when cancer cells existed within 5 mm from margin. In multivariate analysis of factors for surgical margin, EIC-comedo status, ly, located site, proliferative activity, and age were significant and independent factors. Regarding local recurrence, positive margin, age, ER and proliferative activity were significant factors in multivariate analysis, especially in cases not receiving postoperative radiation therapy. Radiation therapy may be beneficial for patients with positive surgical margin. And patients with breast recurrence alone had significantly higher survival rates. Therefore, it is suggested that surgical margin may not reflect survival, although it is a significant factor for local recurrence. (author)

  12. EMDR-behandling  : Barns och ungdomars upplevelser en kvalitetssäkringsstudie 

    OpenAIRE

    Fredin, Ingela

    2005-01-01

    Föreliggande studie är dels ett led i att kvalitetssäkra EMDR (Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing) som behandlingsmetod för barn och ungdomar och dels att utröna om behandlingen bidragit till ett förbättrat mående. EMDR som behandlingsmetod för barn och ungdomar har stöd i kontrollerade studier, men ytterligare forskning behövs. I den här studien deltog åtta barn och ungdomar med varierande diagnoser, vilka fått EMDR-behandling i barn- och ungdomspsykiatrisk öppenvård. Behandlingen...

  13. Parent Management Training - en foreldreveiledningsmetodefor behandling av barn med atferdsproblemer. Teori, behandlingsprogram og implementering i Norge

    OpenAIRE

    Apelseth, Eva Fohlin; Amlie, Christine

    2001-01-01

    Antisosial atferd blant barn og ungdom er et stort og økende helsemessig og økonomisk problem. Parent Management Training – Oregon (PMT-O), et behandlings- og forebyggingsprogram for familier med barn som fremviser antisosial adferd, blir for tiden implementert i Norge som ledd i satsingen på psykisk helsevern. PMT-O er basert på ”social learning interaction theory”, utviklet av Patterson og medarbeidere ved Oregon Social Learning Center. PMT-O er et detaljert program for styrking av foreldre...

  14. Klasstödjare med EQ uppdrag : Ett verktyg mot kränkande behandling

    OpenAIRE

    Boman Linnman, Pernilla

    2008-01-01

    Syftet med mitt arbete har varit att undersöka hur en skola använder sig av klasstödjare och EQ i arbetet mot kränkande behandling.  Den frågeställning som jag har utgått från är: Hur ser värdegrundsarbetet ut på en skola, med avseende på likabehandlingsteam, klasstödjare och EQ uppdrag? I min undersökning har jag tagit del av hur en skola arbetar med ett likabehandlingsteam och klasstödjare. Likabehandlingsteamet består av två lärare som tillsammans med klasstödjare, bestående av elever arbe...

  15. Hvilken evidens er der for behandling af depression hos børn og unge med kognitiv terapi?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Merete Juul; Thomsen, Per Hove

    2007-01-01

    Depression hos børn og unge er relativt hyppigt forekommende og kan have svære konsekvenser. Den specifikke antidepressive behandling kan være psykoterapeutisk eller medikamentel. I artiklen gennemgås på baggrund af systematisk litteratursøgning den videnskabelige evidens for effekten af kognitiv...... adfærdsterapi hos børn og unge med depression....

  16. Revmatoid artritt i Norge – demografi, sykdomskarakteristika og behandling. En sammenligning med andre europeiske land og USA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glenn Haugeberg

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Bakgrunn: Revmatoid artritt (RA er en kronisk inflammatorisk leddsykdom som gir økt sykelighet og dødelighet. Nye biologiske legemidler har de siste 10 årene bedret prognosen betydelig. I 2005 ble QUEST-RA (Quantitative Standard Monitoring of Patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis prosjektet etablert for å sammenligne sykdomsstatus og behandling hos RA-pasienter i forskjellige land. I denne artikkelen presenteres status for RA-pasienter i Norge sammenlignet med andre europeiske land og USA.Materiale og metode: Tilfeldig utvalgte RA-pasienter fulgt opp ved revmatologisk poliklinikk ved Sørlandet sykehus i Kristiansand (n=100 og St. Olavs Hospital i Trondheim (n=100 ble inkludert. I henhold til protokoll ble demografiske, sykdoms- og behandlingsdata registrert.Resultater: Norske RA-pasienter skilte seg lite fra gjennomsnittet i andre land med hensyn til alder, utdannelse og sykdomsvarighet. Sykdomsalvorlighet og sykdomsstatus til norske RA-pasienter er sammenlignbare med pasienter fra land som har lavest sykdomsaktivitet og best helsestatus. I Norge er andelen som behandles med biologiske legemidler ca 30%, og Norge er blant de land med størst andel pasienter som behandles med denne legemiddelgruppen. Fortolkning: RA-pasienter i Norge er blant de i Europa som har lavest sykdomsaktivitet. En årsak antas å være den relativt utbredte bruken av biologiske legemidler i Norge.

  17. KIF2A Overexpression and Its Association with Clinicopathologic Characteristics and Poor Prognoses in Patients with Gastric Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Shu; Huang, Fang; Wang, Yan; Song, Qinjie; Yang, Xiaobing

    2016-01-01

    Kinesin family protein 2A (KIF2A), an M-type nonmotile microtubule depolymerase, has attracted attention for its role in carcinogenesis and poor prognoses in various human cancers. In this study, we aimed to evaluate the expression of KIF2A and its robustness and potential to predict clinical outcomes in gastric cancer (GC) patients. The messenger RNA (mRNA) expression of KIF2A was determined in 24 pairs of cancerous and adjacent nontumor tissues by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Immunohistochemistry of KIF2A was performed on a tissue microarray composed of 461 GC and 65 matched adjacent nontumor tissues removed during surgeries and 18 chronic gastritis, 15 intestinal metaplasia, and 37 low-grade and 62 high-grade intraepithelial neoplasias acquired through gastric endoscopic biopsies. Univariate and multivariate Cox regression models were used to perform survival analyses. The high KIF2A expression was significantly correlated to histological type, TNM stage, and lymph node metastasis. A negative correlation was found between KIF2A expression and the 5-year survival rate of GC patients. In addition, multivariate analysis indicated that KIF2A is an independent prognostic factor in GC. This study demonstrated the high KIF2A expression might serve as an independent marker for poor prognoses in GC patients.

  18. "Hvis noen forteller om mobbing..." Utdypende undersøkelse av funn i Elevundersøkelsen om mobbing, urettferdig behandling og diskriminering

    OpenAIRE

    Lødding, Berit; Vibe, Nils

    2010-01-01

    Denne rapporten skal bidra til å forklare forskjeller mellom skoler når det gjelder andeler av elevene som over tid har rapportert om mobbing, urettferdig behandling eller diskriminering i Elevundersøkelsen. I hvilken grad programmer for å forebygge mobbing og bedre læringsmiljøet har effekt, er også en del av oppdraget fra Utdanningsdirektoratet. Hva elevene forstår med begrepene mobbing, urettferdig behandling og diskriminering og i hvilken grad de klarer å reflektere rundt begrepene, er og...

  19. ELBE - Validation and improvement of load prognoses - Phase 1; ELBE - Validierung und Verbesserung von Lastprognosen (Projektphase 1) - Zwischenbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kronig, P.; Hoeckel, M.

    2008-07-01

    This comprehensive interim report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) reviews work done at the Bernese University of Applied Sciences concerning various methods for the making of prognoses for grid loading in a liberalised electricity market with increasing supply of power from renewable resources. The liberalised Swiss electricity market is reviewed and production planning instruments are examined, as are the factors that influence such planning. Examples of load profiles are presented and discussed, as are the social, technical and meteorological factors that influence demand. The accuracy of various prognosis methods is reviewed. Simple methods using Excel spread-sheets and MatLab are compared and discussed. Commercially available systems are also briefly examined and work to be done in a second phase of the project is reviewed.

  20. Quick scan prognosis of the CO2 emission of horticulture; Quick scan prognose CO2-emissie glastuinbouw

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Van der Velden, N.J.A.

    2010-06-15

    In close collaboration with the government, Dutch greenhouse horticulture is developing its own settlement system for CO2 emissions, the so-called CO2 sector system. Such a system should have a total emission space for cultivation (excluding electricity sales). An agreement is being established between the sector and the Dutch government covering the total CO2 emission for the period 2013-2020 (including electricity sales), supplementing the Covenant on Clean and Efficient Agricultural Sectors. This quick scan offers a prognosis of the future CO2 emission of greenhouse horticulture [Dutch] De glastuinbouw ontwikkelt in nauwe samenwerking met de overheid een eigen vereveningssysteem voor CO2-emissie, het zogeheten CO2-sectorsysteem. Bij een dergelijk systeem behoort een totale emissieruimte voor de teelt (exclusief verkoop elektriciteit). Voor de periode 2013-2020 is een afspraak tussen sector en rijksoverheid in de maak over de totale CO2-emissie (inclusief verkoop elektriciteit), in aanvulling op het Convenant Schone en Zuinige Agrosectoren. In deze quick scan wordt een prognose gemaakt van de toekomstige CO2-emissie door de glastuinbouw.

  1. Kanine Hämangiosarkome der Milz - Untersuchungen zum diagnostischen Nutzen klassischer Angiogenesemarker sowie zur Prognose in Abhängigkeit vom Wachstumsmuster der Neoplasie

    OpenAIRE

    Göritz-Kamisch, Mariana

    2014-01-01

    Hämangiosarkome, maligne endotheliale Neoplasien, werden bei den Haussäugetieren am häufigsten beim Hund beobachtet und treten bei diesem vor allem in Milz und rechtem Herzohr auf. Anhand ihrer Wachstumsmuster werden sie in kapilläre, kavernöse und solide wachsende Tumoren eingeteilt (PULLEY u. STANNARD 1990, HARRY u. PALEOLOG 2003). Die Prognose kaniner Hämangiosarkome der Milz ist schlecht, wobei in der Literatur nach Splenektomie mediane Überlebenszeiten von 19-240 Tagen angegeben werd...

  2. KBT behandling inom ramen för Rehabgarantin, uppfattning och upplevelser hos behandlare och patienter i primärvården, Jämtland

    OpenAIRE

    Reslegård, Christina

    2010-01-01

    En stor del (uppskattningsvis 30%) av primärvårdens patienter lider av psykisk ohälsa. Genom införandet av Rehabgarantin garanteras personer med ångest och depression evidensbaserad samtalsbehandling bland annat i form av kognitiv beteendeterapi. En enkätundersökning visar att behandlare inom primärvården i Jämtland ger en behandling som influeras av andra terapeutiska inriktningar tillsammans med KBT och att de anser att KBT i sig är en alltför begränsad metod för att möta behoven hos primär...

  3. Comparison of prognoses according to non-positive and positive spectrin αII expression detected immunohistochemically in epithelial ovarian carcinoma: a retrospective study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maeda, Osamu; Miyata-Takata, Tomoko; Shibata, Kiyosumi; Kajiyama, Hiroaki; Mizuno, Mika; Tamakoshi, Koji; Shimoyama, Yoshie; Nakamura, Shigeo; Kikkawa, Fumitaka

    2016-06-01

    Anticancer drug sensitivity affects prognosis in ovarian carcinoma. Previously, we purified spectrin αII and βII tetramers from cisplatin-resistant ovarian serous adenocarcinoma cells and demonstrated that they contribute to platinum anticancer drug resistance. In this clinical study, we focused on the role of spectrin αII expression. It is our objective to demonstrate the potential of spectrin αII expression as a useful predictor of anticancer drug resistance and postoperative prognosis in epithelial ovarian carcinoma. Spectrin αII expression in the ovarian adenocarcinoma surgical specimens of 193 patients was examined by immunohistochemical staining. Staining strength was scored 3+, regarded as positive expression, and 2+, 1+, and 0, regarded as non-positive expression. Prognoses obtained from clinical records were evaluated by statistical analysis. In the 193 cases studied, positive spectrin αII expression was associated with worse overall survival when compared with non-positive expression (P spectrin αII expression was identified as an independent predictive factor of overall survival (hazard ratio[HR]: 3.77, 95% confidence interval[CI]: 1.77-8.00; P spectrin αII expression was not associated with prognoses. However, similar results as overall survival were obtained for survival after recurrence of the 92 recurrent cases (P = 0.0051 by log-rank test, HR: 4.49, 95% CI: 2.06-9.79; P Spectrin αII expression is a useful predictor of anticancer drug resistance and postoperative prognosis in epithelial ovarian carcinoma.. PMID:26993048

  4. Hon må väl få behålla sin anorexi då : Behandlares upplevelser av utmaningar och svårigheter i behandling av anorexia nervosa

    OpenAIRE

    Nilsson, Tina; Sandström, Johanna

    2011-01-01

    Anorexia nervosa är en svårbehandlad sjukdom med hög dödlighet (Fichter, Quadflieg & Hedlund,2006). Studiens syfte var att undersöka behandlares upplevelser av utmaningar och svårigheter i behandling av patienter med anorexia nervosa som vid behandlingsavslut har kvarvarande symtom, samt sätta upplevelserna i relation till ett patientperspektiv. Semistrukturerade intervjuer genomfördes med sju behandlare. Intervjumaterialet analyserades med Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) o...

  5. Korrekt behandling af forfrysninger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    El-Charnoubi, Waseem Ghulam; Bonde, Christian; Alsbjørn, Bjarne F

    2011-01-01

    Frostbite is rare in Denmark and is often associated with psychiatric conditions or drug- and alcohol abuse. It is seen regularly in countries with an arctic climate and tradition for outdoor activities such as skiing and climbing. The past winter in Denmark was long and cold, so we may see...

  6. Behandling af brandskader

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lang, Christian Lyngsaa; Partoft, Søren; Astrup, Jakob;

    2015-01-01

    This paper aims to clarify the newly revised guidelines regarding burn injuries as to assist medical personnel dealing with burns. The Department of Burns at Rigshospitalet is the main burn centre in Denmark, and thus creates the National Guidelines of burns treatment. The new guidelines have...

  7. Behandlingsresistent depression kan behandles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vinberg, Maj; Levinsen, Mette Frandsen; Kessing, Lars Vedel

    2011-01-01

    Depression is considered resistant when two treatment attempts with antidepressants from different classes fail to produce significant clinical improvement. In cases of treatment-resistant depression, it is recommended to reevaluate the diagnosis, clarify comorbidity, substance abuse and lack...... of compliance. Regarding treatment, evidence is sparse, but switching to a different antidepressant, and combination or augmentation with another agent, admission and treatment with ECT are the options. The choice of treatment must be based on the characteristics of the depression, the severity of treatment...

  8. Behandling af lokaliseret prostatacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Henrik; Iversen, Peter; Mikines, Kári J;

    2007-01-01

    The incidence of prostate cancer is increasing sharply in Denmark and an increasing proportion of patients have clinically localised disease at diagnosis. The therapeutic strategy encompasses intended curative therapy: radical prostatectomy with complete removal of the prostate gland and seminal...... vesicles performed as an open procedure or laparoscopically, external beam radiation therapy, or implantation of radioactive seeds into the prostate (brachytherapy). In older patients with good prognostic factors, active surveillance should be considered. The various therapeutic modalities are reviewed...

  9. Behandling af lokaliseret prostatacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jakobsen, Henrik; Iversen, Peter; Mikines, Kári J;

    2007-01-01

    The incidence of prostate cancer is increasing sharply in Denmark and an increasing proportion of patients have clinically localised disease at diagnosis. The therapeutic strategy encompasses intended curative therapy: radical prostatectomy with complete removal of the prostate gland and seminal...... vesicles performed as an open procedure or laparoscopically, external beam radiation therapy, or implantation of radioactive seeds into the prostate (brachytherapy). In older patients with good prognostic factors, active surveillance should be considered. The various therapeutic modalities are reviewed....

  10. Behandling af infantile spasmer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lars Kjaersgård; Rasmussen, Niels Henrik

    2006-01-01

    Infantile spasms (IS) are characterised by neurodevelopmental regression, a unique type of seizures and a hypsarrhythmic EEG pattern. Studies recommend the medical treatment of IS as a positive short-term outcome with respect to the spasms and in the resolution of the hypsarrhythmia. However...

  11. Behandling med amiodaron

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adelborg, Kasper; Ebbehøj, Eva; Nielsen, Jens Cosedis;

    2015-01-01

    Amiodarone is an effective antiarrhythmic drug for supra­ven­tri­cular and ventricular arrhythmias. A majority of patients treated with amiodarone suffer from mild adverse events, however, serious life-threatening adverse events caused by amiodarone are also seen. This review describes the...... pharmacology, interac­tions, side and adverse effects of amiodarone and highlights the importance of a systematic interdisciplinary follow-up protocol for outpatients treated with amiodarone....

  12. Samfundserhvervet pneumoni--behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Ljubica; Brock, Birgitte; Jakobsen, Preben;

    2008-01-01

    Penicillin is the drug of choice for treatment of community-acquired pneumonia (CAP) in Denmark. The primary determinant for therapeutic activity of penicillin is ''penicillin time'' (T>MIC), i.e. time with penicillin concentration above minimum inhibitory concentration. Eradication of S....... pneumoniae requires T>MIC above 40-50%. The second determinant for therapeutic activity is the ratio between maximum penicillin concentration in serum and MIC (Cmax/MIC). Considering penicillin pharmacokinetics, intravenous penicillin 2 million units four times a day is recommended as empirical treatment...

  13. Behandling af Dupuytrens kontraktur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raundrup Kornø, Maj; Søe, Niels Henrik; Dahlin, Lars B

    2015-01-01

    Dupuytren’s disease treatment Dupuytren’s disease is a hereditary fibroproliferative disease commonly affecting the palmar fascia of the hand, which results in progressive and irreversibly fixed flexion contractures of the hand. It may occur in the sole of the foot or in the penis. Gen­erally, tr......Dupuytren’s disease treatment Dupuytren’s disease is a hereditary fibroproliferative disease commonly affecting the palmar fascia of the hand, which results in progressive and irreversibly fixed flexion contractures of the hand. It may occur in the sole of the foot or in the penis. Gen...

  14. Behandling med implanterbar defibrillator

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Roseva-Nielsen, Natasha G; Svendsen, Jesper Hastrup

    2003-01-01

    About 20 years ago the first patient received an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD), and since then the number of implants have increased dramatically. The ICD can terminate ventricular fibrillation and ventricular tachycardia. Studies of secondary prophylaxis show that ICD treatment can...

  15. Gentaget selvmordsforebyggende behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lind, Bertel

    2014-01-01

    ramme er casestudie (Yin 2009; George 2005; Flyvbjerg 1991). Casestudiet består af en række patientforløb, hvor hver patient har haft mere end ét registreret behandlingsforløb i databasen (n = 377). Kvantitativ undersøgelse blev udført ved hjælp af Microsoft SPSS 21 på de 377 patienter på baggrund af...

  16. Afasi og flerspråklighet : hvilke faktorer påvirker logopedisk behandling av personer med afasi og flerspråklig bakgrunn? : en spørreundersøkelse fra Tyskland

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    Sammendrag Tittel Oppgavens overordnede tittel er Afasi og flerspråklighet . Undertittelen beskriver problemstillingen Hvilke faktorer påvirker logopedisk behandling av personer med afasi og flerspråklig bakgrunn? En spørreundersøkelse fra Tyskland . Bakgrunn og formål Med tysk som morsmål og norsk som hverdagsspråk har jeg en personlig interesse for problemstillinger innen flerspråklighet. Å miste språkferdigheter som følge av en hjerneskade forandrer hverdagen til den ram...

  17. Analysis of prognoses in patients with recurrent multiple glioblastomas%复发性多发胶质母细胞瘤的预后分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢宝树; 张林; 王宇; 贾锋; 殷玉华

    2016-01-01

    Objective To explore the factors related to the prognoses in patients with recurrent multiple glioblastomas. Methods Of 106 patients with recurrent multiple glioblastomas, who underwent surgical resection of the tumors from January, 2005 to December, 2012 in our hospital, and were followed up, 78 suffered from solitary lesion and 28 from multiple lesions. Each patient with multiple tumors was matched with a patient with a solitary glioblastoma on the basis of age, gender, tumorous location, extent of resection, postoperative radiotherapy or chemiotherapy and Karnofsky Performance Scale (KPS) score and then case-control study was performed. The patients’survival time was analyzed by Kaplan-Meier cure and log-rank tests. Results Long-rank test showed that median overall survival time (8.5 months) was significant longer in the patients with solitary glioblastoma than that (4.5 months) in the patients with multiple glioblastomas (P<0.05). The median overall survival time (7.9 months) was significantly longer in the patients with multiple glioblastomas which were totally resected than that (3.6 months) in the patients with multiple glioblastomas which were partially resected (P<0.05). Conclusions It is suggested the prognosis in the patient with multiple glioblastomas is significantly worse than that in patient with solitary glioblastoma. And the more tumor is resected, the better the prognosis will be in the patients with multiple glioblastomas, in who the tumor should be resected totally as possible on the basis of protecting important cerebral function.%目的:探讨复发性多发胶质母细胞瘤(GBM)预后的影响因素。方法2005年1月至2012年12月手术切除并获得完整随访的复发性GBM 106例,其中单发78例,多发28例(多发组);根据患者年龄、性别、肿瘤部位、手术切除程度、术后是否放化疗、术前KPS评分从单发GBM中选取与多发GBM相匹配的病例28例作为对照(单发组);多发

  18. Utvärdering av logopedisk röstbehandling i Västerbottens läns landsting : Patienters självskattade röstbesvär före och efter behandling

    OpenAIRE

    Englund, Linn; Gunnarsson, Kristin

    2013-01-01

    Bakgrund Kraven på evidensbaserad vård ökar ständigt. Att jämföra patienters självskattade besvär före och efter behandling är ett sätt att utvärdera behandlingseffekten.  Rösthandikappindex (RHI) och VA-skala för röstbesvär är två verktyg för utvärdering av röstbehandling. Tidigare studier har visat att röstbehandling ger minskade självskattade röstbesvär. Syfte Syftet med denna studie var att med självskattningsformulär utvärdera effekten av logopedisk röstbehandling i Västerbottens läns la...

  19. BEHANDLING AV MODERAT TIL ALVORLIG PSORIASIS; : GAMMEL VERSUS NY BEHANDLING.

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Psoriasis is a common, chronic, inflammatory disease. Psoriasis requires long time therapy to maintain disease control and psoriasis patients deserve long-term controlled treatment of their disease with optimal safety. Traditional treatment like phototherapy or systemic therapy with cyclosporin, metotrexate and retinoids are not always effective or cause long-term side effects. New biological, which targets pathologic T cell activity, agents like tumor necrosis factor alpha inhib...

  20. Diagnostik og behandling af fenylketonuri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bayat, Allan; Møller, Lisbeth Birk; Lund, Allan Meldgaard

    2015-01-01

    Primary phenylalanine hydroxylase deficiency, also known as phenylketonuria, results in accumulation of phenylalanine in the blood. Early identification and treatment prevents the majority of clinical sequelae to the disease, but psychological and neurodevelopmental problems can occur in some...

  1. Biologisk behandling af spondylitis ankylopoietica

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Freiesleben, S.; Schou, M.

    2008-01-01

    All of the three well-known TNF alpha inhibitors (infliximab, adalimumab and etanercept) have a rapidly occurring and long-lasting effect in ankylosing spondylitis (AS). The IL-1 antagonist, anakinra, has been investigated in two open label studies with partially conflicting results. Apart from...

  2. Diagnostik og behandling af pankreascyste

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Graversen, Martin; Mortensen, Michael Bau

    2014-01-01

    Incidental cystic lesions of the pancreas are often detected due to the increased use of cross-sectional imaging. Since mucinous cysts have a malignant potential, whereas pseudocysts and serous cystadenomas are benign, the distinction is of key clinical importance. Current recommendations advocat...... the use of multiple imaging modalities (CT/MRI/endoscopic US/endoscopic US & fine-needle aspiration) during evaluation and follow-up. This review describes the most frequent cystic lesions of the pancreas and suggests a simple investigation and treatment algorithm....

  3. Hypertension--forekomst og behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ibsen, Hans; Jørgensen, Torben; Jensen, Gorm B;

    2009-01-01

    Hypertension is the most important modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, less than half of all hypertensives have their blood pressure reduced to relevant goals. The prevalence of hypertension in Denmark was found to be between 26% and 40% of the adult population. Just over...... half were aware of the diagnosis, but less than half were in treatment. Blood pressure control in patients who are undergoing treatment has improved during recent years, but there is still a gap to achievable control rates. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Jun-8...

  4. Korrekt behandling af akut akillesseneruptur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barfod, Kristoffer W; Ganestam, Ann; Madsen, Bjørn Lindegård;

    2016-01-01

    to an increased risk of re-rupture and operative treatment to an increased risk of other complications such as adhesions, infection and nerve injury. When a non-operative treatment protocol is chosen it is paramount that sufficient expertise is present to guide the treatment and rehabilitation.......Treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture in Denmark has changed from being predominantly operative to being non-operative treatment over the past five years. However, no clear evidence is found in the literature in favour of one treatment modality over another. Non-operative treatment leads...

  5. Behandling af hydatidose med albendazol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Magnussen, P; Gelletlie, R; Bygbjerg, Ib Christian

    1989-01-01

    Eight patients with hydatidosis treated with albendazol in daily doses of 10 mg/kg daily in courses of 28 days (4-6 courses) were analysed. The patients came from Morocco, Spain, Turkey and Yugoslavia. Seven patients had a cyst (or cysts) in the liver and one had also cysts in the kidneys. One pa...

  6. Onkologisk behandling af meningeal carcinomatose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sulim, S.; Høyer, Morten

    2005-01-01

    Meningeal carcinomatosis (MC) occurs in 5-8% of cancer patients. In the       majority of cases, MC appears in patients with advanced disease. The       increase in incidence is probably caused by improved survival due to       improvements in systemic therapy and an increased awareness of MC among...

  7. Hypertension--forekomst og behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ibsen, Hans; Jørgensen, Torben; Jensen, Gorm B;

    2009-01-01

    Hypertension is the most important modifiable risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, less than half of all hypertensives have their blood pressure reduced to relevant goals. The prevalence of hypertension in Denmark was found to be between 26% and 40% of the adult population. Just over ...... half were aware of the diagnosis, but less than half were in treatment. Blood pressure control in patients who are undergoing treatment has improved during recent years, but there is still a gap to achievable control rates....

  8. Farmakologisk behandling af psykotiske tilstande

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fink-Jensen, A.; Larsen, J.T.; Nielsen, B.;

    2008-01-01

    Antipsychotic medication has been used for more than fifty years and has brought a dramatic improvement in the treatment of psychotic diseases by removing or reducing the psychotic symptoms and thereby also allowing other treatment approaches to be used. However, an urgent need remains for new me...... medications with better efficacy, especially to limit the so-called negative symptoms and cognitive deficits often observed in schizophrenic patients and to reduce the occurrence of side effects Udgivelsesdato: 2008/11/10...

  9. Behandling af den hypoterme patient

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærgaard, Benedict; Rudolph, Søren Finnemann; Lucas, Alexander;

    2008-01-01

    Treatment of the hypothermic patient depends more on the clinical condition than on the core temperature. Unconscious patients need thorough investigation, and they can often be rewarmed with warm water in the pleural cavities. Cardiac arrest requires cardio pulmonary rescue until rewarming can...

  10. Behandling ved tidlig Hodgkin's sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Specht, L K; Carde, P; Mauch, P;

    1993-01-01

    In early stage Hodgkin's disease the optimal choice of treatment is still an unresolved issue. Twenty-two randomized trials of radiotherapy alone versus radiotherapy plus combination chemotherapy have been carried out world-wide. The preliminary results of a global meta-analysis of these trials...... a relapse is avoided in many patients. The major argument against early chemotherapy is: that by careful staging and selection of patients and by careful radiotherapy techniques the number of patients exposed to potentially toxic chemotherapy may be kept at a minimum. Recently, trials have been carried out...... testing chemotherapy alone, results are, however, conflicting. In order not to jeopardize the good results achieved with the standard treatments developed over the last three decades, newer treatment approaches should be carefully tested in large randomized trials before being implemented for general...

  11. Gastropleural fistel kan behandles torakoskopisk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laugesen, Sofie; Nekrasas, Vytautas; Haahr, Poul Erik

    2014-01-01

    Gastropleural fistula (GPF) is although uncommon a severe and sometimes fatal complication after prior thoracic surgery, trauma or malignancy. Standard therapy has often included major surgery such as laparotomia with gastrectomi. In this case report we present a patient with GPF who underwent...

  12. Stress og profylakse samt behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Netterstrøm, Bo

    2012-01-01

    Prevention of stress should address the stressors and factors which modify the effect of these. At the community level legislation and agreements on the labour market are important tools. At the enterprise level policies to reduce stress and monitoring the psychosocial work environment has...... the first priority in prevention. Treatment of stress is often a long-term process involving diagnostic assessment, psycho-education and counselling. The Danish National Board of Health has published recommendations to both general practitioners and the public in this area....

  13. Kirurgisk behandling af cancer pancreatis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bergenfeldt, Magnus; Hansen, Carsten Palnaes; Mortensen, Michael Bau

    2010-01-01

    Surgery remains the only hope for cure in pancreatic cancer. The most common procedures are reviewed. Postoperative morbidity and mortality below 30% and 5%, respectively, are the standard. The benefit of extended lymph node dissection and portal-mesenteric vein resection is dubious. Selected...... patients with locally advanced cancer may be down-staged with chemo-radiotherapy and eventually resected. Endoscopic stent placement is the preferred method to relieve biliary and/or gastrointestinal obstruction. The outcome is better for patients treated at high-volume centres than at smaller hospitals....

  14. Behandling af insulinom med alkoholsklerosering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schnack, Christina; Hansen, Carina Ørts; Beck-Nielsen, Henning;

    2012-01-01

    The efficacy and safety of endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided alcohol ablation of an insulinoma in a patient not candidate for surgery is being evaluated. A 89 year-old male patient with insulinoma and serious cardiac disease was treated with EUS-guided alcohol ablation. The only complication...

  15. Diagnose og behandling af binyrebarkkarcinom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Abildgaard, Julie; Pappot, Helle; Petersen, Peter Meidahl;

    2013-01-01

    Adrenocortical carcinomas (ACC) are rare tumours responsible for only 0.02% of the total number of malignant diseases. However the ACC are aggressive with a mean fiveyears survival of 20-50% and are often associated with increased production of adrenocortical hormones. The effect of the treatment...

  16. Den dysplastiske hofte II. Behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Steffen; Sonne-Holm, Stig

    2003-01-01

    The possibility of individualized treatment of residual dysplasia of the hip in childhood and adulthood has renewed the interest in this orthopaedic field and new procedures of treatment have been devised. This article reviews current knowledge of the treatment of the dysplastic hip....

  17. Nyrearteriestenose--diagnostik og behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Erling Bjerregaard; Andersen, Ulrik Bjørn

    2009-01-01

    Screening for renal artery stenosis (RAS) should be restricted to patients with a high RAS risk. Captopril renography, computed tomography (CT)-angiography, magnetic resonance (MR)-angiography and ultrasound (US) Doppler can be used. Most patients should receive medical treatment. If predictive...

  18. Behandling av gangfunksjon ved MS

    OpenAIRE

    Unsvåg, Helene Halsteinli

    2015-01-01

    Abstract. Background: Fampyra is a potassium channel blocker that reduces the leakage through ion-channels. Fampyra is approved for use in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) who have walking difficulties. Previous studies have shown that Fampyra can have a positive effect on walking speed in patients with MS. Objectives: To investigate the effect of Fampyra in a group of MS patients and see the effect on walking speed and endurance. In addition, we wanted to examine whether factors such as...

  19. Behandling af neuroendokrine gastrointestinale tumorer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Carsten Palnaes; Langer, Seppo; Frevert, Susanne;

    2010-01-01

    The prognosis of neuroendocrine tumours of the gastrointestinal tract and pancreas is difficult to estimate due to their heterogeneous nature. Survival without dissemination may reach 90%, while metastases reduce the 5-year survival to less than 50%. Radical surgery offers the only possibility of...... cure. Palliative therapy includes surgery and intra-arterial embolization of hepatic metastases, chemotherapy, biotherapy with interferon-alpha and radionuclear treatment. Tumour-targeted therapy with tyrosine kinase inhibitors, mammalian target of rapamycin inhibitors or monoclonal antibodies are...

  20. Gir tidlig vurdering og behandling hos spesialist i fysikalsk medisin og rehabilitering reduksjon i langtidsfravær hos sykmeldte med muskel- og skjelettsykdommer?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harald Elvsåshagen

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Bakgrunn: De fleste langtidssykmeldte med muskel- og skjelettsykdommer blir utredet, behandlet og fulgt opp av fastlege. Ved lengre tids sykmelding henvises mange fra sin fastlege til spesialist i fysikalsk medisin og rehabilitering for å optimalisere behandlingsopplegget.Formålet med denne studien var å undersøke om henvisning direkte fra NAV til spesialist uten å gå veien om fastlege, medførte redusert antall sykmeldingsdager og mindre bruk av andre trygdeytelser som rehabiliteringspenger, yrkesrettet attføring og uførepensjon.Materiale og metode: I samarbeid med 14 NAV-kontor i Vestfold ble 829 sykmeldte i alder 25-50 år med 8-12 ukers sykmelding for muskel- og skjelettsykdommer randomisert til en intervensjonsgruppe (n=409 og en kontrollgruppe (n=420. Eksklusjonskriterier var manglende arbeidsforhold, revmatiske sykdommer, brudd og leddsykdommer. Intervensjonsgruppen ble undersøkt og behandlet av spesialist i fysikalsk medisin og rehabilitering, Spesialsykehuset for rehabilitering, avd. Stavern. Kontrollgruppen fortsatte behandling hos sin fastlege. Noen av disse pasientene ble henvist til samme poliklinikk eller til annen spesialist på initiativ fra sin fastlege. Data for sykmeldingsdager, uførepensjon, rehabiliteringspenger og attføringspenger ble samlet inn fra NAV-kontorene. De samme parametre ble brukt som endepunkter. Etter to år ble endepunktene analysert. Data ble analysert etter "intention to treat"- prinsippet.Resultater: I intervensjonsgruppen var gjennomsnittlig antall sykmeldingsdager 138 dager (SD 86,2 mot 147 dager (SD 88,0 i kontrollgruppen, en forskjell på ni sykmeldingsdager. Forskjellen er ikke statistisk signifikant (p=0,163. Det var heller ikke statistisk signifikant forskjell i forbruket av yrkesrettet attføring og rehabiliteringspenger mellom intervensjonsgruppen og behandlingsgruppen.Konklusjon: Henvisning til spesialist i fysikalsk medisin og rehabilitering direkte fra NAV etter 8-12 ukers sykmelding

  1. Prognosing the durability of polymer sealings

    OpenAIRE

    W. Okularczyk; Kwiatkowski, D.

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: The paper describes the phenomena connected with the sealing for water hydraulic systems.Design/methodology/approach: For the durability tests two types of sealings, made of three polymeric materials recommended for use in water hydraulics systems have been used. In all investigation arrangements the same guide elements have been used. The tests have been performed maintaining water pressure on the sealing at a level of p = 8±1 MPa and the average speed of the piston rod of v ≈ 0.35 ...

  2. Prognosing the durability of polymer sealings

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. Okularczyk

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The paper describes the phenomena connected with the sealing for water hydraulic systems.Design/methodology/approach: For the durability tests two types of sealings, made of three polymeric materials recommended for use in water hydraulics systems have been used. In all investigation arrangements the same guide elements have been used. The tests have been performed maintaining water pressure on the sealing at a level of p = 8±1 MPa and the average speed of the piston rod of v ≈ 0.35 m/sec. Water temperature during investigations was regulated within the range of Tmin = 291 K and Tmax = 305 K. The leakage was distributed to the measurement hoses with the internal diameter of 5mm. For the investigations, the working piston rod with ø 45 f7 with the following parameters has been used: Material: chromium-nickel steel AISI 431 (Cr=16.7%, Ni=2.08% covered with hard chromium plating of ≥ 20 μm, micro-cracks number ≤ 5 000/mm2, Ra = 0.07 μm.Findings: Weibull method, thanks to its multifunctionality, helps to select elements for certain applications (required long failure-free mileages → high characteristic durability – sealings series 30413. Equipment which works sporadically → low characteristic durability but e.g. lower weight and sizes of sealing element – sealing series 30412.Practical implications: Within the confines of the given research concerning an optimal choice of piston rod sealing for water hydraulic systems, large dependence of the sealing durability on the properly chosen guide elements of the piston rod has been found. In extreme cases the durability changed even a few times.Originality/value: The Weibull method has been applied for assessment of durability and reliability of mechanical parts. A computer program has been used to compare two types of piston rod seals used in water hydraulic power systems. Durability limits have been estimated even though discontinued measurement data were used.

  3. Hvilken diagnose - sagde du

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dabelsteen, Erik

    2015-01-01

    Diagnosen er et vurderingsresultat vedrørende en helbredstilstand og anvendes til skøn af prognoser og til valg af behandling. Diagnosen bygger på det medicinske naturvidenskabelige system og definitioner, der forvaltes af tandlæger og læger. Selv om det er indlysende, at diagnosen er relateret t...

  4. Short-and Long-Term Clinical Prognoses of Various Types of Fetal Arrhythmia%不同类型胎儿心律失常的临床近远期预后分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    常惠婷; 李辉

    2012-01-01

    目的:对胎儿心律失常孕妇进行随访,分析其近远期预后,为临床工作提供参考.方法:回顾性分析2004年4月至2010年12月于中国医科大学附属盛京医院进行胎儿心脏超声检查诊断为胎儿心律失常的541例孕妇的临床资料,并进行追踪随访.结果:①541例胎儿心律失常孕妇中,胎儿期前收缩303例(56.01%);快速胎儿心律失常196例(36.23%),其中窦性心动过速92例,室上性心动过速101例,心房扑动3例;胎儿心动过缓42例(7.76%),其中房室传导阻滞8例,窦性心动过缓34例.②共随访391例,失访150例,随访时间1~5年.其中合并胎儿心脏结构异常18例(3.33%),随访15例,有14例终止妊娠放弃胎儿;未合并胎儿心脏结构异常孕妇中有3例因出现胎儿水肿、心力衰竭终止妊娠;不愿承担风险自愿选择终止妊娠10例,分别为室上性心动过速1例,心房扑动2例,房室传导阻滞4例,严重窦性心动过缓3例.产前给予药物治疗共10例,8例有效,2例无效出现胎儿水肿终止妊娠.③共计364例患者继续妊娠,其中期前收缩的胎儿211例,后随访仅1例转归异常;快速胎儿心律失常中窦性心动过速65例和室上性心动过速67例均无转归异常;胎儿心动过缓21例,仅1例于新生儿期死亡.转归正常的患儿生长发育情况等同于正常同龄儿,预后良好.结论:胎儿心律失常类型多样,预后不同,应根据具体类型决定个体化治疗和临床处理方案.发生胎儿心力衰竭、水肿和合并有心脏畸形时,提示预后不良,需要积极进行临床干预,必要时终止妊娠放弃胎儿.胎儿期前收缩临床上最常见,其和胎儿窦性心动过速、室上性心动过速的预后较好.%Objective: Analysis of the short-term and long-term prognoses of various types of fetal arrhythmia. Methods :541 cases diagnosed of fetal arrhythmia in Shengjing Hospitai from April 2004 to December 2010 were enrolled ,and the short

  5. Effect of thyroid disorders on prognoses of acute myocardial infarction patients%甲状腺功能紊乱对急性心肌梗死预后的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜冬梅; 任颖; 魏盟; 邵琦; 赵催春

    2011-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the influence of thyroid disorders on the incidence and prognosis of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) patients. Methods A total of 463 AMI patients were included in the present study. The thyroid hormone levels were determined in all patients on the next day of admission. The patients were divided into different groups and the cardiac events were observed during hospitalization. Results Among the 463 patients, 239(51.6 % ) had normal thyroid hormone level, and 168 (36.3 % ) had non-thyroidal illness syndrome.There were 40 (8.6 % ) patients with subclinical hyperthyroidism and 6 ( 1.3 % ) with subclinical hypothyroidism.Hyperthyroidism and hypothyroidism were both found in 5 patients. Compared with the euthyroid group, the incidences of congestive heart failure, origin of shock incidence, and in-hospital death increased in the nonthyroidal illness syndrome group (P< 0. 05, 0. 01 ). Multivariate cox regression displayed that FT3 was an independent factor associated with long-term mortality. A decrease of 1 pmol/L in FT3 was associated with an increased risk of death by 59. 8%. Conclusion Thyroid disorder is frequently seen in patients with acute myocardial infarction. NTIS is significantly correlated with the short-time and long-time prognoses of AMI patients.%目的 探讨急性心肌梗死(AMI)时甲状腺功能紊乱的发生情况及对预后的影响.方法 人选463例AMI患者,入院次日测定甲状腺激素水平.观察住院期间心血管事件发生情况并进行远期随访.结果 AMI患者中甲状腺功能正常(功能正常组)239例(51.6%),非甲状腺性病态综合征(NTIS,NTIS组)168例(36.3%),亚临床甲状腺功能亢进症40例(8.6%),亚临床甲状腺功能减退6例(1.3%),甲状腺功能亢进5例(1.1%),甲状腺功能减退5例(1.1%).NTIS组在住院期间的充血性心力衰竭、心源性休克和死亡的发生率均显著高于功能正常组(P值分别<0.05、0.01).Cox模型分析显示,在校

  6. Particle Reduction Strategies - PAREST. Prognosis of air quality and assessment of limit value exceedances in Germany for the reference years 2010, 2015 and 2020; Strategien zur Verminderung der Feinstaubbelastung - PAREST. Prognose der Luftqualitaet und Abschaetzung von Grenzwertueberschreitungen in Deutschland fuer die Referenzjahre 2010, 2015 und 2020. Teilbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stern, Rainer [Freie Univ. Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Meteorologie, Troposphaerische Umweltforschung

    2013-06-15

    With the help of a data assimilation technique (optimal interpolation) a comprehensive forecast of O{sub 3}, PM10 and NO{sub 2} air quality in Germany for the years 2010, 2015 and 2020 was prepared. Based on these results, an assessment was made whether the limits of the European Air Quality Directive (2008/50/EC) can be observed in 2015 and 2020. [German] In diesem Bericht wurde mit Hilfe einer Datenassimilationstechnik (Optimale Interpolation) eine flaechendeckende Prognose der O{sub 3}-, PM10- und NO{sub 2}-Luftqualitaet in Deutschland fuer die Jahre 2010, 2015 und 2020 erstellt. Auf Basis dieser Ergebnisse wurde eine Abschaetzung vorgenommen, ob die Grenzwerte der europaeischen Luftqualitaetsrichtlinie (2008/50/EG) im Jahre 2015 und 2020 eingehalten werden koennen. Weiterhin wurde untersucht, was die in der Luftqualitaetsrichtlinie festgelegten Regelungen fuer die Feinstaeube PM2.5 fuer die PM2.5-Belastung in Deutschland bedeuten und ob das nationale Ziel fuer die Reduktion der PM2.5-Belastung unter den Emissionsbedingungen des Jahres 2020 erreicht werden kann.

  7. Dermatologiske reaktioner hos patienter i antineoplastisk behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prasad, Sumangali Chandra; Vestergaard, Hanne; Bygum, Anette

    2014-01-01

    Every year more than 33,000 Danish patients are treated with traditional chemotherapy or targeted therapy against cancer. Cutaneous side effects to these therapies are common and may contribute significantly to the morbidity, but rarely to the mortality of the patients undergoing these treatments....... We present the most classical types of drug rashes associated with antineoplastic therapy. Haematologists, oncologists and dermatologists should be aware of these reactions and early recognition and management is important for providing optimal care....

  8. Autoimmun hepatitis. Fremtroedelsesformer, diagnostik og behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, L O; Tage-Jensen, U; Vyberg, M

    1992-01-01

    A retrospective study concerning ten patients with autoimmune hepatitis (AiH), diagnosed during a 2 1/2-year period is presented. The age of the patients ranged from 25 to 82 years and nine of the patients were women. Their symptoms included jaundice, pruritus, fever, anorexia and fatigue during a...... detected in nine patients, while none had increased levels of anti-nuclear antibody titer. Histological features of moderate or severe chronic active hepatitis were demonstrated in nine patients. One patient presented with clinical and histological features of acute hepatitis. Prednisolone therapy was...

  9. Elektrokemoterapi til behandling af kutane metastaser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Falk, Hanne; Matthiessen, Louise Wichmann; Dahlstrøm, Karin;

    2015-01-01

    Cutaneous metastases occur in up to 9% of all patients with cancer and may cause discomfort and stigmatization. Electrochemotherapy is a local treatment using electric pulses to permeabilize cell membranes, enabling chemotherapy, such as bleomycin, to enter the cells and increase the cytotoxic...

  10. Ny viden om spasticitet og dens behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorentzen, Jakob; Willerslev-Olsen, Maria; Crone, Clarissa;

    2012-01-01

    Spasticity is a frequently used diagnosis, and anti-spastic medication is used widespread. In this systematic review article we highlight difficulties in diagnosing spasticity correctly and thus limit the value of the diagnosis in ensuring the best possible treatment. We review recent neuroscienc...

  11. Udredning og behandling af morbus Osler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjeldsen, Anette Drøhse; Andersen, Poul Erik; Tørring, Pernille Mathiesen

    2011-01-01

    such as pulmonary arteriovenous malformations (PAVM), cerebral arteriovenous malformations (CAVM) and gastrointestinal bleeding. Collaboration between various medical specialties is essential in order to provide an up-to-date treatment and thorough work-up in the individual patient. Disregard of symptoms may result...

  12. MINDFULNESS BEHANDLING AF DANSKE VETERANER - ET PILOTSTUDIE

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fjorback, Lone

    2015-01-01

    I foråret 2014 mødtes en gruppe på 12 danske veteraner en gang om ugen i 9 uger for at deltage i programmet Mindfulness Baseret Stress Reduktion (MBSR). Deltagerne havde meldt sig frivilligt, og gruppen var blandet mht. alder, køn, antal udsendelser og diagnoser. Det, de havde til fælles, var...

  13. Behandling af ideopatisk hypereosinofilt syndrom med imatinib

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Anne Louise; Larsen, Herdis

    2008-01-01

    We here report a case of idiopathic hypereosinophilic syndrome with prompt response to treatment with imatinib. The patient presented with chest pain, myalgias, fatigue and weakness. Blood tests and bone marrow examination revealed striking eosinophilia. Clonal or reactive disorders were excluded...... by a wide range of diagnostic examinations. Treatment with high-dosis corticosteroids and hydroxyurea had little effect. Additional treatment with imatinib resulted in prompt symptomatic improvement and full haematological remission within five days of therapy. Udgivelsesdato: 2008-Jan-21...

  14. Målrettet behandling af lymfoproliferativ sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Niemann, Carsten Utoft; Geisler, Christian Hartmann

    2014-01-01

    The development of targeted treatment of chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (CLL) is changing the prognostic outlook for CLL patients. The B-cell antigen receptor pathway is identified as pivotal for CLL pathogenesis and CLL cell proliferation. Inhibition of this pathway by ibrutinib (Bruton's tyrosin...

  15. Nationale domstoles behandling af internationale normkonflikter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjeldgaard-Pedersen, Astrid

    2013-01-01

    Med sin dom af 12. september 2012 i sagen Nada v. Switzerland har Den Europæiske Menneskerettighedsdomstol (EMD) givet ny næring til debatten om, hvordan konflikter mellem staters forpligtelser ifølge Den Europæiske Menneskerettighedskonvention (EMRK) og deres forpligtelser efter bindende...

  16. Kirurgisk behandling af levermetastaser og levercancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wojdemann, M.; Burcharth, F.; Rokkjaer, M.

    2008-01-01

    Hepatic resection is the golden standard in treatment of tumours from primary liver cancer and colorectal liver metastases, but is appropriate for a variety of other benign and malignant tumours in the liver. The selection of patients and criteria are discussed. Curative liver surgery...

  17. Smitteopsporing og profylaktisk behandling af tuberkulose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seersholm, Niels; Wilcke, Torgny

    2011-01-01

    Contact tracing is an integrated part on tuberculosis management and is conducted by the medical officer in collaboration with the local chest clinics. The principle of contact tracing is to begin with the household contacts and expanding to more peripheral contacts depending of the number of per...... persons with latent of active tuberculosis identified. Persons identified with latent TB infection should be offered isoniazid preventive treatment for six months.......Contact tracing is an integrated part on tuberculosis management and is conducted by the medical officer in collaboration with the local chest clinics. The principle of contact tracing is to begin with the household contacts and expanding to more peripheral contacts depending of the number of...

  18. Diagnostik og behandling af benigne levertumorer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eriksen, Peter Lykke; Schultz, Nicolai Aagaard; Larsen, Lars Peter;

    2016-01-01

    Due to the expanding use of diagnostic imaging, an increasing number of liver tumours are discovered. Benign tumours are very common; they rarely cause symptoms and often they do not require any treatment. However, because of differences in the natural history including risk of complications and...... malignant transformation exact diagnosis is important. Dedicated radiological examinations serve as important diagnostic tools reducing the need for biopsy. In this review we provide an update on the diagnosis and treatment of benign liver tumours adding to existing recommendations on hepatocellular...

  19. Diagnostik og behandling af akut colonpseudoobstruktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ertberg, Pia; Vilandt, Jesper; Bødker, Birgit

    2013-01-01

    Acute colonic pseudo-obstruction (ACPO), also known as Ogilvie's syndrome, is a clinical condition with acute dilatation of the colon without a provable mechanical cause. Early recognition and treatment of the condition is important in order to improve the outcome. The diagnosis is based on clini...

  20. Behandling af Tourettes syndrom med aripiprazol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stenstrøm, Anne Dorte; Sindø, Ingrid

    2008-01-01

    Tourette's syndrome (TS) is a motoric disorder characterised by multiple motor and vocal tics. The treatment for patients with moderate to severe TS includes antipsychotic medication. A case report is described in which a 20 year-old male had taken antipsychotic medication since the age of five......, due to TS. The initial treatment consisted of pimozide and risperidone, both of which had an unsatisfactorily efficacy on tics and side effects in the form of weight gain and sedation. The patient is now treated with aripiprazole and there is a marked reduction of tics and no side effects...

  1. Behandling af diabetes mellitus med biologiske laegemidler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Claus Morten; Mandrup-Poulsen, Thomas

    2008-01-01

    Biologic therapeutics are currently not approved for the treatment of patients with type 1 and type 2 diabetes. However, promising results from recent randomized controlled studies suggest that biologic therapeutics have therapeutic potential. This article summarizes the causal steps of the patho...

  2. Nyrefunktionen under behandling med angiotensinkonverterende enzymhaemmere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, K; Heitmann, M; Nielsen, J I;

    1995-01-01

    The use of ACE-inhibitors has increased greatly during the last years. They were first used in treating hypertension, but nowadays cardiac diseases, mainly cardiac failure, are common indications. This means that the drugs are used in the treatment of more elderly patients who often have generali......The use of ACE-inhibitors has increased greatly during the last years. They were first used in treating hypertension, but nowadays cardiac diseases, mainly cardiac failure, are common indications. This means that the drugs are used in the treatment of more elderly patients who often have...... generalised atherosclerosis. This means that the patients must be controlled more often after initiation of treatment, especially concerning kidney function, since treatment with ACE-inhibitors can cause pronounced changes in renal haemodynamics and kidney function. This review focuses on the effects of ACE......-inhibitors on renal haemodynamics and kidney function, which may be positive, with preservation of kidney function in diabetic and other chronic nephropathy, or negative, for example in cases with atherosclerotic stenosis of large or small renal arteries. It is concluded, that in cases of diabetic nephropathy an ACE...

  3. Moderne behandling af type B-aortadissektion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klitfod, L.; Baekgaard, N.; Just, S.;

    2008-01-01

    Rapid classification is essential in the management of aortic dissections, as Type A dissections require surgery, while the optimal treatment of Type B dissections is controversial. Medical treatment with antihypertensive medication and analgesics has so far been the main treatment of uncomplicat...

  4. Behandling af peritonsillær absces

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Anthonsen, Kristian; Trolle, Waldemar

    2012-01-01

    Peritonsillar abscess (PTA) is associated with high morbidity and can cause serious and life-threatening complications. In Denmark, the most commonly isolated bacteria are Fusobacterium necrophorum and Streptococcus pyogenes gr. A. The incidence of PTA in Denmark is 41/100,000/year, the highest...

  5. Meckels divertikel. Fra embryologi til behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buchvald, F F; Pærregaard, Anders

    2000-01-01

    Meckel's diverticulum (MD), an remnant of the omphalomesenteric duct, is the most common congenital abnormality of the small bowel. The aim of this paper is to give a review of MD, from embryology to diagnosis, complications and treatment.......Meckel's diverticulum (MD), an remnant of the omphalomesenteric duct, is the most common congenital abnormality of the small bowel. The aim of this paper is to give a review of MD, from embryology to diagnosis, complications and treatment....

  6. Diagnostik og behandling af neuromyelitis optica

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Helle Hvilsted; Ravnborg, Mads; Illes, Zsolt

    2014-01-01

    Neuromyelitis optica (NMO) is an inflammatory demyelinating disease characterized by antibodies against aquaporin-4 in up to 80% of the cases and even less in the NMO spectrum disorders, which may be difficult to distinguish from early multiple sclerosis. While immunosuppressive therapy should...

  7. Bilateral akillesseneruptur efter behandling med ciprofloxacin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Attarzadeh, Amir Pasha; Ryge, Camilla

    2013-01-01

    We report a case of spontaneous non-traumatic bilateral rupture of the Achilles tendons following ciprofloxacin treatment. A 54-year-old man presented with spontaneous Achilles tendon rupture on the left side, tendinitis and partial tear on the right side following few days of treatment with...... ciprofloxacin 500 mg twice daily and long-term treatment with prednisolon 10 mg once daily. This rare side effect caused by concurrent treatment with steroids and ciprofloxacin should be kept in mind. Any signs of tendinitis following this treatment should arouse the physicians' suspicion towards ciprofloxacin....

  8. Behandling af historiske data for hele Limfjorden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Peter

    2008-01-01

    forekomst af PSP-toksinproducerende alger, har projektet bl.a. vist, at der er forskel på ophobning af algetoksiner i muslinger afhængigt af om de vokser på et lineopdrætsanlæg eller som bundmuslinger. Endvidere er der blevet identificeret en række mulige tilpasninger af prøvetagningsprogrammerne, som kan...

  9. Skal tavs iskaemi diagnosticeres og behandles?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bech, J; Egstrup, K; Mickley, H;

    1995-01-01

    Silent ischaemia (objective signs of myocardial ischaemia without symptoms) can be diagnosed using a conventional exercise-test or ambulatory Holter monitoring. Silent ischaemia is a frequent phenomenon in patients with ischaemic heart disease, i.e. patients with angina pectoris or previous...

  10. Flumazenil til behandling af hepatisk encefalopati

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elkjaer, J M; Jensen, T U; Emborg, J

    2000-01-01

    Hepatic encephalopathy (HE) is the neuropsychiatric syndrome that occurs as a complication to liver failure in patients with acute or chronic liver disease. Mental status in this syndrome can range from subtle deficits to coma, with respiratory insufficiency and aspiration to the lungs...

  11. Den kardiovaskulaere risikoprofil og antihypertensiv behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Michael Hecht; Sehestedt, Thomas; Prescott, Eva

    2009-01-01

    Estimation of absolute cardiovascular risk is important for choice of primary as well as secondary cardiovascular prevention. In general, physicians are advised to use SCORE in apparently healthy subjects with optimal or normal blood pressure, the ESH risk stratification chart in patients with hy...... hypertension and either one or even better a combination of the two instruments in apparently healthy subjects with a high normal blood pressure. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Jun......Estimation of absolute cardiovascular risk is important for choice of primary as well as secondary cardiovascular prevention. In general, physicians are advised to use SCORE in apparently healthy subjects with optimal or normal blood pressure, the ESH risk stratification chart in patients with...

  12. Ny behandling af kronisk hepatitis B

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Ellen Sloth; Weis, Nina M

    2008-01-01

    Worldwide, 350 million people are infected with chronic hepatitis B. Over the last few years, it has been possible to treat chronic hepatitis B. Treatment very often consists of nucleos(t)ide analogs and in a few cases of pegylated alpha-interferon. In 2007, a new nucleoside analog, Telbivudine......, was approved to treat chronic hepatitis B. In phase II and ongoing phase III studies, Telbivudine has proven more effective than the nucleoside analog, Lamivudine, which was very often used up until recently. Udgivelsesdato: 2008-Nov-24...

  13. Medicinsk efterbehandling af brystkraeft. Endokrin behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mouridsen, Henning T; Andersen, Jørn

    2007-01-01

    For women with steroid receptor-positive breast cancers, endocrine therapy has proven to be a major component of adjuvant therapy reducing the risk of recurrence and death. The selective estrogen-receptor modulator (SERM) tamoxifen has been well established as safe and effective in the adjuvant...... care of both pre- and postmenopausal women. For premenopausal women, ovarian suppression is an important option to be considered. Additionally, aromatase inhibitors have recently demonstrated further benefits in postmenopausal women. The ideal sequencing of treatment with tamoxifen and/or an aromatase...

  14. Diagnostik og behandling af øsofagusperforationer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Novrup, Hans Gram; Mortensen, Michael Bau; Jungersen, Dorte

    2011-01-01

    the traditional surgical approach is essential for achieving a better clinical outcome. A modern treatment algorithm includes contrast computed tomography and endoscopy diagnostics and use of non- or semi-invasive procedures like selfexpanding metal stents, selective digestive decontamination...

  15. Infraktioner i dentin - diagnostik og behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pallesen, Ulla

    2011-01-01

    Symptomgivende dentininfraktioner (SDI) kan ofte præsentere tandlægen for et diagnostisk og behandlingsmæssigt dilemma. Patienten kan ikke udpege tanden i tandrækken, ofte end ikke oplyse, om det er i over- eller underkæbe, men har rigtigt ondt en gang imellem, når der tygges i den angivne side. ...

  16. Traditionel og alternativ behandling af sklerosepatienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stenager, E N; Stenager, Egon; Knudsen, L;

    1989-01-01

    The medicine consumption and the employment of alternative treatment were investigated in a material of 117 patients with disseminated sclerosis (DS) considered to be a representative sample of the patients with DS in the County of Funen. This investigation revealed that the preparations most...... commonly employed to modify the disease among patients with disseminated sclerosis were: spasmolytics, agents to counteract neurogenic bladder symptoms, benzodiazepine and analgesics. The consumption of medicine increased with increasing handicap. Employment of psychopharmaca was commonest in patients...... in social classes 4 and 5 and in women. In addition, is was found that there was no difference in social class, sex and age among the patients who employ alternative methods of treatment. The patients themselves have not experienced any effect from alternative treatment....

  17. Behandling med kosmetiske bløddelsfyldere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thyssen, Jacob Pontoppidan; Christensen, Lise H; Zachariae, Claus O C

    2007-01-01

    An increasing number of patients undergo soft-tissue augmentation. The quality depends on the applied filler substance, the compliance of the patient and the physician. Long-term adverse reactions are referred to as nodules or granulomas. Nodules following degradable gels and polyacrylamide hydro...

  18. Operativ behandling af thoracic outlet syndrome

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Birkeland, Peter; Stiasny, Jerzy

    2012-01-01

    We present three cases with longstanding true neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome. All patients had aching pain in the shoulder, arm and ulnar border of the hand. On examination, we found atrophy of the hand muscles. Electromyography revealed signs of compromised function of the inferior trunk...... of the brachial plexus. At surgery, we found and severed a fibrous band that compressed the inferior trunk. Postoperatively, the pain subsided and fine hand movements improved. One patient had no cervical rib, however, in the two other cases we found rudimentary cervical ribs. Magnetic resonance imaging...

  19. Rumperet abdominalt aortaaneurisme trods endovaskulaer behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Ulla Lei; Lindholt, Jes Sanddal

    2006-01-01

    An 84-year-old man with an abdominal aortal aneurysm (AAA) was treated with endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR). Four years later, the aneurysm ruptured and an emergency operation was performed. On a short-term basis, EVAR has been proven to be a low-risk treatment compared to open surgery. However......, the EUROSTAR registry shows above 1% annual AAA-related deaths after EVAR due to late rupture or reintervention. Newer devices reduce the risk by approximately 50%, but this seems insufficient. Thus EVAR is still not a standardised option, but it may be appropriate in cases of rupture and cases...

  20. Kirurgisk behandling af aldersrelateret makuladegeneration (AMD)?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiilgaard, Jens Folke

    2001-01-01

    oftalmologi, aldersrelateret makuladegeneration, transplantation, grise, øjne, kirurgisk udvikling......oftalmologi, aldersrelateret makuladegeneration, transplantation, grise, øjne, kirurgisk udvikling...

  1. Vellykket konservativ behandling efter knivtraume mod hjertet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wærsted, Stian; Schou-Jensen, Katrine; Jensen, Tim;

    2012-01-01

    A five year-old girl was admitted to hospital following an accidental stab wound to the chest, inflicted by a knife placed in a dishwasher's cutlery tray. Investigations revealed a traumatic ventricular septum defect of the heart, with a pericardial effusion. Since the patient remained haemodynam......A five year-old girl was admitted to hospital following an accidental stab wound to the chest, inflicted by a knife placed in a dishwasher's cutlery tray. Investigations revealed a traumatic ventricular septum defect of the heart, with a pericardial effusion. Since the patient remained...

  2. Biologisk behandling af psoriasis og psoriasisartritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kragballe, Knud; Deleuran, Bent

    2008-01-01

    Psoriasis is an immune-mediated inflammatory skin disease which may be associated with psoriatic arthritis. Biological therapy is indicated in patients who do not respond to, or are intolerant to, or have contraindication against traditional therapy. TNFalpha antagonists are used for both skin...

  3. Abatacept til behandling af reumatoid artritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Henrik; Hansen, Annette

    2009-01-01

    Abatacept (CTLA4Ig) is a human fusion protein which consists of a cytotoxic lymphocytic-associated type 4 antigen which is bound to the Fc part of the IgG1. Abatacept binds to CD80/CD86 on antigen-presenting cells thus blocking the co-stimulatory signal to the naïve T cells and interfering with a...

  4. Biofarmaka til behandling af reumatoid artritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baslund, Bo; Bendtzen, Klaus

    2008-01-01

    The current status on the use of biopharmaceuticals in the treatment of rheumatoid arthritis is reviewed. Blocking of TNF-alpha, co-stimulation of CD28+ T-cells and depletion of CD20+ B-cells are all effective ways to diminish inflammation and joint damage. However, not all patients react to thes...

  5. Fysisk aktivitet - en behandling af erektil dysfunktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gerbild, Helle Nygaard

    2016-01-01

    Erectile dysfunction (ED) is typically linked to the risk factors: Physical inactivity, obesity, hypertension, metabolic syndrome, diabetes mellitus or cardiovascular diseases. This thesis results in novel knowledge showing that physiotherapists with guidance on physical activity may contribute...

  6. Udvikling af medicinsk behandling mod bipolar lidelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ellegaard, Pernille Kempel

    2015-01-01

    Selvom Esbjerg ligger i vandkants Danmark, er det den Psykiatriske Forskningsenhed i denne by, der er primus motor for et stort forsøg blandt mennesker, der lider af bipolar lidelse. Forsøget hedder ”NACOS”, og er et medicinsk forsøg til mennesker, der befinder sig i den depressive fase.......Selvom Esbjerg ligger i vandkants Danmark, er det den Psykiatriske Forskningsenhed i denne by, der er primus motor for et stort forsøg blandt mennesker, der lider af bipolar lidelse. Forsøget hedder ”NACOS”, og er et medicinsk forsøg til mennesker, der befinder sig i den depressive fase....

  7. Behandl dig selv med honning"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mejrup, Kristian; Bjerring-Nielsen, Mattias

    2015-01-01

    with a heavenly figure, a potent Joseph lookalike, who reveals to her inexpressible secrets mediated in an exuberant honeycomb. The revelatory capacity of honey is stylistically rendered by means of repetition, pleonasm, chorus, reprises and gestures. The encounter with “Das ganz Andere” does not leave Aseneth...

  8. Kirurgisk behandling af type 2-diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Stine Chabert; Hansen, Dorte Lindqvist; Almdal, Thomas;

    2009-01-01

    on appetite-regulating gut hormone, particularly peptide YY and glucagon-like peptide-1. Nevertheless, other unknown hormones or mechanisms may be involved in the dramatic changes in the glucose metabolism. Development of new drugs and treatments based on the endocrine changes observed after bariatric surgery...

  9. Neurointensiv behandling af svaere traumatiske hjerneskader

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Welling, Karen-Lise Kobberø; Eskesen, Vagn; Romner, Bertil;

    2010-01-01

    We present a Danish algorithm for the neurointensive care of patients with severe traumatic brain injury. The primary goal is to avoid cerebral ischaemia and hypoxia and secondarily brain injury. Patient evaluation by a neurosurgeon is mandatory, and decision-making concerning extended cerebral m...... monitoring should take place immediately. Treatment aiming at diminishing increased intracranial pressure should be initiated early. Early critical care management of patients with severe traumatic brain injury should be performed in a teamwork comprising various specialties....

  10. Eosinofili--patogenese, klassifikation og behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Christen Lykkegaard; Vestergaard, Hanne; Nørgaard, Peter;

    2009-01-01

    Eosinophilia represents a complex clinical problem, the management of which is based on case history and clinical examination. Allergy, parasitic infection or inflammation may then be identified or malignancy suspected. In some cases, representing a haematologic disorder, clonality is demonstrated...... only by specific tests. The diagnostic and therapeutic approach, including a new classification for eosinophilia, is reviewed, and the importance of molecular biological technique is highlighted. Unexplained eosinophilia should be managed in collaboration with a haematology department. Udgivelsesdato...

  11. Construction of a methodologically consistent time series of substance loads and their impacts in Germany. Pt. 2. Final report; Erstellung einer methodenkonsistenten Zeitreihe von Stoffeintraegen und ihren Wirkungen in Deutschland. T. 2. Abschlussbericht. Projektteile: (1) Kartierung von Deposition Loads fuer das Prognose-Jahr 2020: Modellierungs- und Kartierungsergebnisse, Kartenabbildungen, Grafiken und regionale Statistik. (2) Berechnung und Kartierung von Critical Loads und deren Ueberschreitungen fuer eine prognostizierte Deposition im Jahr 2020. Genfer Luftreinhaltekonvention der UNECE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gauger, Thomas [Stuttgart Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Navigation; Nagel, Hans-Dieter; Schlutow, Angela; Scheuschner, Thomas [OEKO-DATA Gesellschaft fuer Oekosystemanalyse und Umweltdatenmanagement mbH, Strausberg (Germany)

    2013-01-15

    The contribution under consideration reports on the total deposition of anthropogenic emitted oxidized sulphur compounds, oxidized nitrogen compounds and reduced nitrogen compounds based on the emission prognosis of the BMU/UBA project 'Strategies for the reduction of the fine dust pollution for the year 2020. The emission prognoses are the fundament for the calculations with the LOTOS-EUROS model. The changes of the total deposition for sulphur compounds as well as nitrogen compounds between the years 2005 and 2020 are not large. For example, the total deposition of oxidized sulphur compounds from anthropogenic sources in the year 2020 is about 35% larger in comparison to the year 2005. In comparison to the year 2005, the total deposition of oxidized nitrogen compounds from anthropogenic sources in the year 2020 is about 21% larger.

  12. Forbedret prognose ved letkædenefropati ved myelomatose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juul, Jakob Søgaard; Larsen, Thomas; Marcussen, Niels;

    2012-01-01

    A 64 year-old woman with acute renal failure and cast nephropathy due to excessive production of lambda free light chains received chemotherapy (using bortezomib and dexamethason) and haemodialysis with a high cut off-filter. The concentration of free light chains was markedly reduced after a for...

  13. Forskelle mellem hospitaler i prognose efter hjertestop uden for hospital

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjaergaard, Jesper; Bro-Jeppesen, John; Rasmussen, Lars Simon;

    2009-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: There are substantial differences in long-term survival of patients resuscitated from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest, and the level of care during hospitalization may be a contributing factor. The purpose of this study was to determine if a difference in long-term prognosis between ...

  14. After the Glow: Race Ambivalence and Other Educational Prognoses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leonardo, Zeus

    2011-01-01

    The Right has a long history of questioning the importance of race analysis. Recently, the conceptual and political status of race has come under increased scrutiny from the Left. Bracketing the language of "race" has meant that the discourse of skin groups remains at the level of abstraction and does not speak to real groups as such. As a…

  15. Oppervlaktewater als bron voor drinkwater: prognose van de gezondheidsrisico's

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jonker N; Versteegh JFM; Schijven JF; Gaalen FW van

    1997-01-01

    This report documents how future health risks related to an increase in the use of surface water for the production of drinking water have been examined. For a number of pesticides, heavy metals, micro-organisms and disinfection by-products, possible future health risks are determined using the logi

  16. Oppervlaktewater als bron voor drinkwater: prognose van de gezondheidsrisico's

    OpenAIRE

    Jonker N; Versteegh JFM; Schijven JF; van Gaalen FW

    1997-01-01

    This report documents how future health risks related to an increase in the use of surface water for the production of drinking water have been examined. For a number of pesticides, heavy metals, micro-organisms and disinfection by-products, possible future health risks are determined using the logical approach from the emission of these substances and micro-organisms in the environment up to and including the concentration in drinking water. To gain some insight into the effect of the drinki...

  17. Prognosis renewable energy. 2013 report; Prognose hernieuwbare energie. Rapportage 2013

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Neeft, J.; Dijkstra, J.; Van Erp, F.; Leguijt, T.

    2013-10-15

    A prognosis for the estimate share of renewable energy in the upcoming years in the Netherlands, including bottlenecks and risks [Dutch] Een vooruitblik op het geschatte aandeel hernieuwbare energie voor de komende jaren, inclusief knelpunten en risico's.

  18. Prognose des Steinschlags und der induzierten Korrosion am Fahrzeug

    OpenAIRE

    Schönberger, Andreas

    2012-01-01

    Der Korrosionsschutz von Fahrzeugen ist ein wichtiges Merkmal für die Qualität eines Premium-Fahrzeugs. Um diesen Anforderungen gerecht zu werden, gibt es standardisierte Versuche an Bauteilen sowie am Gesamtfahrzeug. Jedoch korrelie-ren diese Tests nicht immer mit Daten aus dem Feld. Auch die späte Durchführung dieser Korrosionstests im Entwicklungsprozess birgt Schwierigkeiten. Um frühzeitig Aussagen über Belastungszustände und -zonen zu erhalten, ist es nötig eine virtuelle Simulation aufz...

  19. Forebyggelse og behandling af osteoporose i forbindelse med behandling af ikke-metastaserende prostatacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eiken, Pia Agnete; Langdahl, Bente Lomholt; Eiken, Frederik L;

    2011-01-01

    The prevention of cancer treatment-induced bone loss in patients with prostatae cancer due to gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)-agonist, GnRH-antagonist and orchidectomi therapy has a high priority. We present an algorithm for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis during treatment of non...

  20. 刍议胃溃疡穿孔的不同手术临床治疗方法及预后效果的比较%Discussion on Different Surgical Methods for Patients with Gastric Ulcer Perforation and Comparison of the Prognoses

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛晓伟

    2015-01-01

    Objective To discuss the different surgical methods for gastric ulcer perforation and compare the prognoses. Methods 60 patients with gastric ulcer perforation from June 2011 and June 2014 were randomly selected in this clinical research and randomly divided into observation group and control group with 30 in each one. The 30 patients in the obser-vation were treated with laparoscopic minimally invasive surgery, while the other 30 in the control group were treated with traditional open surgery. The clinical efficacy and patients' postoperative quality of life were observed in both the two groups, and the outcome was analyzed and discussed. Results All the 30 patients in the observation group were cured with-out complications including postoperative re-perforation and intestinal obstruction; 25 were cured and 5 experienced post-operative complication in the control group, and the difference between the data above of the two groups was statistically significant, P﹤0.05. Conclusion Among the different surgical methods for gastric ulcer perforation, laparoscopic minimally invasive surgery is most commonly used in clinical practice, which can produce good clinical efficacy and prognosis.%目的:探讨胃溃疡穿孔的不同手术临床治疗方法及预后效果。方法从2011年6月-2014年6月,随机抽取60例胃溃疡穿孔患者作为临床研究对象,随机分为观察组和对照组各30例,观察组的30例胃溃疡穿孔患者使用腹腔镜微创手术进行治疗,对照组中30例胃溃疡穿孔患者使用传统开腹手术进行手术治疗;观察两组的治疗效果并观察患者术后的生活品质,将结果进行分析讨论。结果观察组治愈30例,无术后再穿孔或肠梗阻等并发症发生;对照组治愈25例,5例患者有术后并发症情况发生。 P<0.05,两组比较数据结果差异有统计学意义。结论在治疗胃溃疡穿孔患者的不同手术临床治疗方法中,临床常用的治疗方法

  1. The Study of Predicting the Prognoses of Patients in Conscious Disturbance with N20 of Somatosensory Evoked Potential%体感诱发电位N20评价意识障碍患者预后的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎振声; 彭海燕; 黄永君; 刘雁

    2011-01-01

    Aim: To evaluate the quantitative information ofN20, a main component of SEP, in the prognosis ofpatients with conscious disturbance after a year. Methods: N20 data and clinic cases histories of the patients with conscious disturbance caused by different factors form July 2005 to July 2009 were retrospectively reviewed. Different statistical methods such as t test, Mann-Whitney U test, X 2 test, ROC curves, Kaplan-Meier analysis were used to compare the parameters ofbilateral N20 between the awakened group and the unawakened group and to estimate the patients ' prognosis. Results: Bilateral N20 could be used to predict the prognosis of patients with conscious disturbance (the area under ROC curve of C3 ' -N20 latency occupied 77.6% and the area under ROC curve of C4 ' -N20 latency occupied 79.3%). The bilateral average N20 latencies of the patients still in conscious disturbance were statistically longer than the ones of the patients could have been awaken, however there was no statistical difference in bilateral N20 amplitudes between the two groups. The sensitivity and specificity were 70.8% and 75.0% separately at the point of C4 ' -N20 latency being 20.05 ms which was the best estimated and 75.0% and 72% separately at the point of C4 ' -N20 latency being 19.95 ms. The prognosis of the patients in conscious disturbance with C3' -N20 latency<19.95 ms and C4 ' -N20 latency<20.05 ms after one year were the best, with the smallest percentage of the patients still in conscious disturbance 1 year later and the shortest average time which they took to recover from conscious disturbance. Conclusion: The bilateral N20 latencies are considered as an accurate index to predict the prognoses ofpatients with conscious disturbance, when the patients with bilaterally N20 existent had the best outcomes. The point of C3 ' -N20 latency being 19.95 ms and the point of C4' -N20 latency being 20.05 ms were considered as the best boundaries that could separate the

  2. IT som verktyg i behandling inom barn- och ungdomspsykiatrin

    OpenAIRE

    Sjölund, Anette

    2014-01-01

    Information technology is increasingly used in healthcare. New methods, such as apps and computer programs and Internet-based treatments are introduced to treat various medical diagnoses. Increased demand for help in mental illness means that it is necessary to develop alternative assessment and treatments to traditional treatments that may be offered by primary care and specialist psychiatry. Government and Local Authorities and Regions (SKL) have agreed to support, and treatment on the web ...

  3. Utilfredsstillende langtidsresultater efter konservativ behandling af patellofemoralt smertesyndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rathleff, Michael Skovdal; Rasmussen, Sten; Olesen, Jens Lykkegaard

    2012-01-01

    This review overviews the long-term prognosis of conservatively treated patients with patellofemoral pain syndrome (PFPS). Median values of the 16 included studies show that 29% of soldiers, 27.8% of sports active and 24,7% of the general public will become pain free after they are diagnosed...

  4. Behandling af epilepsi ved stimulation af nervus vagus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Christian Pilebaek; Sidenius, Per Christian; Gyllenborg, Jesper;

    2010-01-01

    epilepsy surgery is not feasible, vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) should be offered. VNS seems to have an effect in all epilepsy syndromes and seizure types. VNS is generally well-tolerated, and may even improve mood and quality of life. Many more epilepsy patients in Denmark should be offered VNS....

  5. Palliativ behandling af patienter med terminal kronisk obstruktiv lungesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    von Plessen, Christian; Nielsen, Thyge L; Steffensen, Ida E;

    2011-01-01

    Terminal chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and advanced cancer have similar prognosis and symptom burden. However, palliative care of patients with terminal COPD has been neglected in Denmark. We describe the symptoms of terminal COPD and suggest criteria for defining the palliative...

  6. Autisme : En litteraturstudie med hovedvekt på behandling

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    ABSTRACT: Our understanding and treatment of children with autism have changed dramatically since Leo Kinner first formally documented this disorder in 1943. This paper looks at the treatment of autism in children. The main focus of the paper is Pharmacological treatment with anti-depressives (SSRI and TCA), anti-psycotics and the hormone secretin and dietary intervention with Gluten and/or Casein free diets. The conclusion of the paper is that we still need a lot more research in ord...

  7. Medicinsk behandling af små abdominale aortaaneurismer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høgh, Annette Langager; Sandermann, Jes; Lindholt, Jes S

    2008-01-01

    such as prevention for cardiovascular disease has a spin-off benefit by suppressing the expansion rate of AAAs. According to these studies ACE inhibitors, statins and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs may have effect, macrolides may have some effect while beta-blockers and calcium-channel blockers...

  8. Behov for bedre organisering af udredning og behandling af hoste

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulrik, Charlotte Suppli

    2013-01-01

    Cough is frequently a reason for seeing a doctor. Cough has a wide range of causes and the diagnosis can be difficult to make. Cough is often benign and self-limiting but can also be the first sign of malignancy. Especially chronic cough reduces the patients' quality of life. The purpose...... of this review was to present the most common reasons for cough, a rational method of investigation and a management protocol. Cough is a condition, which in most cases can be treated when using a systematic approach....

  9. Den haemostatiske balance under behandling med nyere p-pillepraeparater

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, K R; Skouby, S O; Sidelmann, Johannes Jakobsen;

    1994-01-01

    Thirty-four healthy young women were allocated to 12 consecutive cycles of treatment with monophasic combinations of: 20 micrograms ethinyl estradiol and 150 micrograms desogestrel (n = 15) or 30 micrograms ethinyl estradiol and 75 micrograms gestodene (n = 19). In both groups plasma levels of fi...

  10. Status og perspektiver for behandling af de kroniske myeloproliferative neoplasier

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ocias, Lukas Frans; Holmström, Morten Orebo; Riley, Caroline Hasselbalch;

    2015-01-01

    Polycythaemia vera, essential thrombocytosis and primary myelofibrosis are closely related, clonal myeloproliferative neoplasms. Our knowledge of the underlying molecular mechanisms driving these diseases has increased dramatically during the latest ten years. Traditionally, treatment of these...

  11. Muskuloskeletal behandling af 11-årig med artrogrypose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Maria Morandi; Thomsen, Stig Aaberg; Due, Pernille

    2010-01-01

    A two-year-old patient was diagnosed with arthrogryposis because of inflected knees (15-20 degrees) and stiff hamstrings. All joints and reflexes were normal. Activities were described as age-appropriate, but the patient walked with inflected knees and increased lumbal lordosis. Physiotherapy...... and botox did not improve the condition. Because of pain and hampered activities, the patient - now aged 11 years - was treated with musculoskeletal medicine. After treatment the patient could walk normally without pain and stand with stretched knees....

  12. Private personers behandling af fortrolige oplysninger fra offentlige myndigheder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bønsing, Sten

    2014-01-01

    Denne artikel undersøger, i hvilket omfang den private borger, der kommer i besiddelse af fortrolige oplysninger fra forvaltningsmyndigheder, er begrænset i anvendelsen og videregivelsen heraf. Der gælder ikke et samlet regelsæt, der afgør spørgsmålet, men en række regler i straffeloven og person...... persondataloven kan bringes i anvendelse. Samlet set vil der ofte gælde en form for tavshedspligt for den private, men den endelige konklusion afhænger af de konkrete oplysningers karakter, og hvordan oplysningerne håndteres af borgeren....

  13. Dasatinib. En ny tyrosinkinaseinhibitor til behandling af kronisk myeloid leukaemi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerrum, Ole Weis; Dufva, Inge Høgh; Stentoft, Jesper;

    2008-01-01

    Chronic myeloid leukaemia is characterized by an abnormal tyrosin kinase in the cytoplasm of the clonal cells. The enzyme is derived from a fusion gene on the Philadelphia-chromosome, evolved by a translocation between chromosomes 9 and 22. Understanding the biology of the tyrosin kinase led to t...... targeted therapy, inhibiting the ATP-binding site by a small molecule--imatinib (Glivec). A novel 2nd generation tyrosin kinase inhibitor--dasatinib (Sprycel)--is now available in cases of insufficient response or intolerance to imatinib. Udgivelsesdato: 2008-Jan-28...

  14. Diagnose og behandling af cerebral venøs sinustrombose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Birkeland, Peter; Stilling, Margit Vejen; Høgedal, Lisbeth;

    2015-01-01

    Thrombosis of the cerebral sinuses most often affects younger adults. Headache is a common complaint and can be accom­panied by vomiting and papilloedema. The diagnosis rests on magnetic resonance imaging and the treatment consists of heparin or low-molecular weight heparin followed by vitamin K...

  15. Enkeltcenteropgorelse af nyretransplanterede patienters nyrefunktion og immunsuppressive behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frederiksen, A.M.; Ewers, B.; Gasbjerg, A.;

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The number of kidney-transplanted patients is growing. This report describes the age, sex distribution, kidney function, graft age, and immunosuppressive drugs of kidney-transplanted patients followed at the outpatient clinic of the nephrology department at Copenhagen University...... (74%) were treated with triple-drug immunosuppression, in most cases (46%) with the combination prednisolone-ciclosporine-azathioprine. During recent years, azathioprine has been increasingly replaced by mycophenolate mofetil. CONCLUSIONS: The majority of kidney-transplanted patients...... with a functioning graft have sufficient kidney function to keep the patients free of uremic symptoms. Hyperparathyroidism is frequent. The immunosuppressive regimens used for kidney-transplanted patients are currently changing Udgivelsesdato: 2008/5/5...

  16. Medicinsk behandling af små abdominale aortaaneurismer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høgh, Annette Langager; Sandermann, Jes; Lindholt, Jes Sanddal

    2008-01-01

    Our expectation is that the numbers of diagnosed small abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAA) will increase in the future. Slowing down the progression of AAAs is of great interest as this could prevent cost-intensive and potential lethal operations. Recent studies indicate that modern medical treatment...

  17. Karkirurgisk behandling hos patienter med påvirket nyrefunktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hensler, M K; Forrest, M; Lorentzen, Jørgen Ewald;

    1994-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to evaluate the effect of surgery for renal artery stenosis in patients with impaired renal function. The design was a retrospective investigation with follow-up. The material consisted of 42 such patients operated at Rigshospitalet between 1980 and 1990. Renal functi...

  18. Farmakologisk behandling af mild ukompliceret hypertension i almen praksis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paulsen, Maja Skov; Christensen, Bo; Søndergaard, Jens

    2013-01-01

    Hypertension is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. In Denmark, patients with hypertension are primarily managed in primary care. A recent Cochrane review concluded that pharmacotherapy of patients with mild hypertension (systolic blood pressure 140-159 mmHg; diastolic blood pres...

  19. Medicinsk behandling af vandladningsproblemer hos mænd

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Jens Thorup; Nordling, Jørgen; Walter, Steen

    2007-01-01

    Lower Urinary Tract Symptoms (LUTS) e.g. in prostatic infravesical obstruction and symptoms of overactive bladder (OAB) in men can be treated effectively with drugs. The current evidence for use of alpha-adrenergic blocking agents, 5-alpha-reductase inhibitors, combination therapy and antimuscari...... by the administration of a loop-diuretic in the late afternoon. Udgivelsesdato: 2007-May-14...

  20. Nyrepåvirkning ved behandling af hjertesvigt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Zhiying Zhang; Barfod, Toke; Klit, Jakob

    2009-01-01

    The case of a 66-year-old male with heart failure and cardiorenal syndrome is presented. The patient had normal renal function before intensive treatment with diuretics and ACE inhibitor. Shortly after the ACE inhibitor was stopped and diuretics were either stopped or reduced in dosage, his renal...

  1. Behandling af suicidalpatienter: Collaborative Assessment and Management of Suicidality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arkov, Kirsten; Rosenbaum, Bent; Christiansen, Lene;

    2008-01-01

    There is still a need for more knowledge about effective methods of assessing and treating the suicidal patient. The method The Collaborative Assessment and Management of Suicidality (CAMS) was tested on a group of out-patients.......There is still a need for more knowledge about effective methods of assessing and treating the suicidal patient. The method The Collaborative Assessment and Management of Suicidality (CAMS) was tested on a group of out-patients....

  2. Tiotropium. Nyt antikolinergikum til behandling af kronisk obstruktiv lungesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Steffen Thirstrup; Lange, Peter

    2003-01-01

    Tiotropium is a new anti-cholinergic drug with a long duration of action designed for maintenance treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Tiotropium is the first drug specifically developed for the treatment of COPD, but it is also amongst the most expensive drugs used for this......Tiotropium is a new anti-cholinergic drug with a long duration of action designed for maintenance treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Tiotropium is the first drug specifically developed for the treatment of COPD, but it is also amongst the most expensive drugs used...

  3. Måling af nyrefunktion under cytostatisk behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hartlev, Louise Brøndt; Bøje, Charlotte Rotbøl; Bluhme, Henrik;

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Some cytostatics, used in the treatment of cancer, are excreted by the kidneys and may be nephrotoxic. The glomerular filtration rate (GFR) represents a method for reliable assessement of the 51Cr-EDTA plasma clearance before and during treatment with nephrotoxic drugs. The aim...... of this retrospective study was to evaluate whether this method could be replaced by a more simplified GFR estimate calculated from the creatinine plasma concentration. MATERIALS AND METHODS: We included all patients who had had at least four GFR measurements in 2005 as part of their nephrotoxic cytostatic treatment....... The estimated GFR (eGFR) was calculated from sex, age and weight, according to the Cockcroft formula. RESULTS: Forty-eight patients with a mean age of 47 years were included. 51Cr-EDTA plasma clearance and eGFR showed a poor correlation (r(2) = 0,678). On average, GFR decreased from 95 ml/min to 80 ml/min from...

  4. Behandling af invert papillom med endonasal endoskopisk sinuskirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Pia Juul; Kjeldsen, Anette Drøhse; Pedersen, Arne Toft

    2002-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Inverted papilloma is a benign sinonasal tumour and has a marked tendency to recur after surgical excision. The tumour may be associated with malignancy and during growth it may destroy surrounding tissue. The treatment is either lateral rhinotomy or endoscopic sinus surgery. The aim...... of the study was to describe the course of all patients treated with endoscopic sinus surgery at the ENT Department at Vejle County Hospital during the period 1 January to 31 December 1999. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-eight journals of patients diagnosed with inverted nasal papillomas were reviewed...... with carcinoma. We did not see any serious side effects to the treatment. DISCUSSION: Endoscopic sinus surgery in combination with Caldwell-Luc can be recommended as an alternative treatment to lateral rhinotomy in patients with inverted papillomas. Preoperative staging with CT or MR...

  5. Fotodynamisk behandling af kolangiokarcinom hos 80-årig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulstrup, Thomas; Pedersen, Finn Møller

    2013-01-01

    70% of cholangiocarcinomas (CC) are perihilar lesions. At the time of diagnosis few are candidates for complete resection, and the standard palliative therapy has been biliary stenting. Studies have shown that photodynamic therapy (PDT) improves survival time. In this case report we describe an 8...

  6. Filetlap til behandling af livstruende tryksår

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gunnarsson, Gudjon Leifur; Høimyr, Hilde; Rossi, Paolo Emilio;

    2014-01-01

    A 71-year-old multi-morbid, paraplegic male with five pressure ulcers and a left-sided open trochanter fracture with chronic osteomyelitis was admitted to hospital. His condition required exarticulation of the left hip joint. A radical wound revision and a pedicled lower extremity fillet flap...... reconstruction of the defect was performed. The patient made uneventful recovery to normal activity within six weeks and had a stable result after one year follow-up. The case is a reminder of the importance of early intervention and preventive management of pressure ulcers and elaborates the benefits...... of interdisciplinary team efforts in the treatment of advanced ulcers....

  7. Linezolid som behandling af infektiøs endokarditis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauridsen, Trine Kiilerich; Arpi, Magnus; Bruun, Niels Eske

    2010-01-01

    In Denmark enterococci causes 15 to 20% of all endocarditis (IE) cases. The development of multi-resistant bacterial strains has increased the need for new antibiotics. Linezolid is an alternative to conventional treatment of infections with gram positive cocci. In this case report linezolid was ...... used to treat IE in a patient, who was allergic to penicillin and where conventional treatment caused development of acute renal failure. No side effects were observed and the patient responded well to the treatment....

  8. Tyndtarmstransplantation som behandling af tarmsvigt hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thøstesen, Lisbeth Marianne; Qvist, Niels; Rasmussen, Allan;

    2010-01-01

    Parenteral nutrition is the main treatment of intestinal failure. In cases with irreversible intestinal failure and life-threatening complications to parenteral nutritional treatment, transplantation of the intestine may be considered. Post-transplantation survival has increased markedly during...... the latest years and is now > 80% after one year and > 50% after five years. Recipients of an isolated intestinal transplantation have a better survival rate than recipients of a combined liver-intestinal-transplantation....

  9. Biologisk behandling af neuroendokrine tumorer i mave-tarm-kanalen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Carsten Palnaes; Knigge, Ulrich

    2008-01-01

    Biotherapy of hormonal symptoms and tumour growth is a mainstay in the therapy of metastatic neuroendocrine tumours of the gastrointestinal tract and pancreas. Symptomatic relief can be achieved by somatostatin analogues and interferon, either alone or in combination. The effect on tumour growth...... is less convincing although a stabilization of disease is recorded in almost 50% of patients. Interferon treatment should mainly be considered for tumours with a low proliferation index....

  10. Karakteristik, diagnostik og behandling af patienter med autoimmun hepatitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ytting, Henriette; Larsen, Fin Stolze

    2012-01-01

    Autoimmune hepatitis is a relatively rare disease that may lead to rapidly progressing liver cirrhosis and even fulminant liver failure, if diagnosis and treatment is delayed or ineffective. Diagnosing the disease can be challenging, and one in five patients respond insufficiently to standard...

  11. Barn utsatt for komplekse traumer: diagnosebegrep og behandling

    OpenAIRE

    Rønning, Christina; Teige, Synnøve Oddfrid Veien; Løkke, Ragnhild Støren

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this thesis was to consider whether complex trauma disorders should be included as a diagnostic entity, and to evaluate if trauma-focused cognitive behavioral therapy (TF-CBT) is a suitable treatment model for children with complex trauma reactions. First, we reviewed arguments supporting the existence of a complex trauma diagnosis, and considered research that supports postulated core problems in these children. Second, we presented research on the TF-CBT model for children ex...

  12. Transanal minimally invasive surgery til behandling af lav rectumcancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Levic, Katarina; Bulut, Orhan

    2014-01-01

    Laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (LTME) has become the standard surgical treatment of rectal cancer. There is however technical challenges when operating patients with a narrow pelvis with tumours located in distal or middle part of the rectum. We describe a case of a 71-year-old male...

  13. Transanal minimal invasiv kirurgi til behandling af lav rectumcancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Levic, Katarina; Bulut, Orhan

    2014-01-01

    Laparoscopic total mesorectal excision (LTME) has become the standard surgical treatment of rectal cancer. There is however technical challenges when operating patients with a narrow pelvis with tumours located in distal or middle part of the rectum. We describe a case of a 71-year-old male...

  14. Pancreastraumer hos børn--operativ versus nonoperativ behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haugaard, Michael Valentin; Penninga, Luit; Ifaoui, Inge Bøtker-Rasmussen;

    2012-01-01

    Pancreatic trauma is more frequent in children than in adults and is often caused by trauma to the upper part of the abdomen. Mortality is low, but morbidity is high. Pancreatic trauma can be treated operatively or non-operatively, but there is disagreement about the optimal treatment strategy...

  15. Udredning og behandling af osteoporose ved cancer mammae uden knoglemetastaser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eiken, Pia A; Hansen, Mogens; Kristensen, Bent;

    2011-01-01

    The prevention of cancer-treatment-induced bone loss due to chemotherapy and long-term adjuvant breast cancer therapy has a high priority. We present an algorithm for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis during treatment of nonmetastatic breast cancer....

  16. Subkutan atrofi efter steroidinjektion i forbindelse med behandling af springfinger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Peter Birk; Tjørnild, Michael Kjeldager

    2014-01-01

    Peter Birk Larsen & Michael Kjelager Tjørnild: Subcutaneous atrophy following steroid injection in the treatment of trigger finger Ugeskr Læger 2014;176:V05140273 Trigger finger (TF), also known as stenosing tenosynovitis, is a rather common condition that causes entrapment of the flexor tendon...

  17. Ranolazin--ny behandling af kronisk stabil angina pectoris

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahlehoff, Ole; Hansen, Peter Riis

    2009-01-01

    Ranolazine sustained-release tablets were recently approved in the EU for chronic stable angina as add-on therapy when symptoms are not controlled with first-line agents. The mechanism of action is thought to involve inhibition of late sodium influx in the heart, which can reduce abnormalities...

  18. Behandling af patienter med Guillan Barré syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oliel, Vibeke S.

    2011-01-01

    Resumè Guillain Barrés syndrom er en autoimmum sygdom karakteriseret ved motorisk, sensorisk og autonom dysfunktion. I Danmark rammes omkring 80 personer i alle aldre årligt af sygdommen. Akut inflammatorisk polyradikoloneuropati rammer de perifere nervers nerveskeder og medfører progredierende...

  19. Salmonella typhi--tid til aendring af den empiriske behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gade, Christina; Engberg, Jørgen; Weis, Nina

    2008-01-01

    out of seven cases. We recommend that empiric treatment of suspected cases of typhoid fever includes a third generation cephalosporin such as ceftriaxon. Furthermore, the present report stresses the importance of typhoid vaccination of travellers to areas where typhoid is endemic. Udgivelsesdato: 2008......In the present case series report we describe seven recent cases of typhoid fever. All the patients were travellers returning from Pakistan, where typhoid is endemic. Salmonella typhi isolated from the patients by blood culture were reported as intermediary susceptible to fluoroquinolones in six...

  20. Legionella pneumoni hos patienter, der er i behandling med infliximab

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vinter, Hanne; Nielsen, Henrik Ib

    2009-01-01

    Therapy with tumour necrosis factor-alfa inhibitors is widely used in various inflammatory disorders, but adverse events from severe infections with intracellular pathogens may occur. We describe two cases of severe pulmonary legionellosis in patients treated with infliximab for Crohn's disease a...... and psoriasis, respectively. We conclude that legionella infections are probably more frequent in patients receiving immunosuppressive therapy with tumour necrosis factor-alfa inhibitors than in the background population. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Jan-19......Therapy with tumour necrosis factor-alfa inhibitors is widely used in various inflammatory disorders, but adverse events from severe infections with intracellular pathogens may occur. We describe two cases of severe pulmonary legionellosis in patients treated with infliximab for Crohn's disease...

  1. Diagnostik og behandling af paroksystisk supraventrikulær takykardi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rujic, Dragana; Sundbøll, Jens; Tofig, Bawer Jalal;

    2016-01-01

    The paroxysmal supraventricular tachycardias (SVT) are commonly encountered arrhythmias and include atrioventricular nodal re-entrant tachycardia, atrioventricular reciprocating tachycardia, and focal atrial tachycardia. These tachycardias share several clinical features as well as similar...... management strategies. The probable mechanism of paroxysmal SVT can often be diagnosed from the clinical findings and a 12-lead ECG. This review describes the initial evaluation and treatment of patients with paroxysmal SVT, including distinctive features from the most important differential diagnoses....

  2. Forekomst og behandling af seksuel dysfunktion ved hjertesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mickley, Hans

    2002-01-01

    cardiac drugs are responsible for erectile dysfunction (ED). Lastly it should be remembered that treatment of ED may be associated with cardiovascular side-effects. Data from the literature show that men with coronary artery disease, hypertension or diabetes have an up to fourfold higher risk......Several links have been established between sexual dysfunction and heart disease. Indeed, many risk factors for developing sexual dysfunction are shared by coronary artery disease: age, smoking, diabetes, hypertension, and hypercholesterolaemia. It should also be borne in mind that in men several...

  3. Behandling af gastrointestinal blodning fra angiodysplasier med somatostatinanalogen octreotid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boesby, L.; Kristensen, L.O.; Christensen, Niels Juel

    2008-01-01

    Angiodysplasias account for 2-8% of GI-bleeding episodes. We describe a 75-year-old patient with a history of anaemia for 1 year before being diagnosed with multiple angiodysplasias in the GI-tract. The patient needed weekly blood transfusions until he started treatment with octreotide. After 4...... months of treatment the need for transfusions had decreased dramatically and faeces was negative for blood. Treatment was switched to long-acting octreotide (Sandostatin Lar). The case illustrates the usefulness of somatostatin analogues in the treatment of bleeding GI-angiodysplasias Udgivelsesdato...

  4. Omkostningseffektivitet ved behandling af type 1-diabetes med insulinpumpe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Kirsten; Sohlberg, Anna; Goodall, Gordan

    2010-01-01

    This study's aim was to project the long-term clinical and economic outcomes of continuous subcutaneous insulin infusion (CSII) treatment compared to multiple daily injections (MDI) in type 1 diabetes patients in Denmark....

  5. Behandling af pilonidalcyster med neodynium-yttriumaluminiumgranat-laser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholt, Christine S; Lindholt, Jes Sanddal; Lindholt, Jan

    2008-01-01

    A 23 year-old woman with a nonsupporative pilonidal cyst was successfully treated causally with Nd-YAG laser, and without any recidivate after 9 months follow-up. The mechanism is presumed to be that YAG-laser has a wave-length of 1064 nm. Consequently, the wave penetration through the skin...... is deeper than most other lasers before the energy is absorbed in melanin and oxyhaemoglobin, so the contents of the cyst can be reached and destroyed. The treatment could be a very attractive alternative to open surgery....

  6. Behandling af pilonidalcyster med neodynium-yttriumaluminiumgranat-laser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholt, Christine S; Lindholt, Jes S; Lindholt, Jan

    2008-01-01

    A 23 year-old woman with a nonsupporative pilonidal cyst was successfully treated causally with Nd-YAG laser, and without any recidivate after 9 months follow-up. The mechanism is presumed to be that YAG-laser has a wave-length of 1064 nm. Consequently, the wave penetration through the skin...... is deeper than most other lasers before the energy is absorbed in melanin and oxyhaemoglobin, so the contents of the cyst can be reached and destroyed. The treatment could be a very attractive alternative to open surgery. Udgivelsesdato: 2008-Jun-23...

  7. Der er store barrierer for psykiatrisk behandling i lavindkomstlande

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Carina Winkler; Bæk, Ole; Carlsson, Jessica;

    2015-01-01

    resources and ineffective health organization. Human resources are inadequate, and often drugs are not available. Individuals face long distances to psychiatric hospitals, out-of-pocket payment and stigma. There is a great need for research in how to enhance prevention and treatment of mental disorders...

  8. Endovaskulær behandling af bristet abdominalt aortaaneurisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Balezantis, Tomas; Akqül, Cengiz; Duvnjak, Stevo;

    2014-01-01

    Endovascular treatment of ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysms (REVAR) is increasingly used. Retrospective pooled data indicate that REVAR is associated with decreased morbidity and mortality, but in two small randomized clinical trials this has not been evidenced. However, REVAR seems associated...

  9. Kirurgisk behandling af anale fistler ved Crohns sygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heyckendorff-Diebold, Tina; Maeda, Yasuko; Buntzen, Steen;

    2012-01-01

    The treatment of transsphincteric anal fistulas in Crohn's disease is a balance between the elimination of the sepsis and the functional outcome. Loose setons can be used as a preoperative drainage or chronic treatment. Fibrin glue and the anal fistula plug are methods with excellent functional o...

  10. Rituximab (MabThera) til behandling af aktiv reumatoid artritis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    El Fassi, Daniel; Nielsen, Claus Henrik; Bendtzen, Klaus

    2006-01-01

    Rituximab (RTX) is a murine/human monoclonal antibody to CD20, a protein expressed almost exclusively on human B-lymphocytes. RTX induces rapid and marked B-cell depletion with beneficial clinical effects in 1/3 to 1/2 of rheumatoid arthritis patients. Treatment is given as two iv. infusions with...

  11. Antitrombotisk behandling ved iskaemisk apopleksi og transitorisk cerebral iskaemi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Overgaard, Karsten; Poulsen, Tina Svenstrup; Husted, Steen E

    2007-01-01

    In acute ischemic stroke and transient ischemic attack (TIA), aspirin is recommended to all patients (except immediately following thrombolysis). Heparin and anticoagulant therapy using vitamin K antagonists should be avoided in the acute phase. Secondary preventive antithrombotic treatment...

  12. Årsager, udredning og behandling af abortus habitualis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Elisabeth Clare; Christiansen, Ole Bjarne

    2012-01-01

    facing RM should be offered tender loving care; i.e. repeated measurements of hCG and ultrasound scans. Further treatments are directed against the underlying cause: surgery, hormone supplementation, anticoagulation and immunomodulation. However, the effect of these treatments needs further documentation....

  13. Trombosering af mekanisk mitralklapprotese under behandling med dabigatran

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Jakob Hartvig; Kjaergaard, Jesper; Saust, Laura Trolle;

    2014-01-01

    Dabigatran has been approved for prevention of thromboembolic complications in nonvalvular atrial fibrillation. We present a case of thrombosis of a mechanical prosthetic mitral valve during anticoagulation with dabigatran, switched from warfarin. The patient presented with cardiogenic shock...

  14. Endovenøs termisk behandling af varicer i underekstremiteterne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bækgaard, Niels; Schroeder, Torben V

    2011-01-01

    Using a systematic review process, we identified 15 randomised controlled trials comparing either of the two endovenous thermal techniques, radiofrequency or laser ablation, with conventional open surgery for great saphenous varicose veins. The majority of trials were small and had short-term fol...

  15. Kirurgisk behandling af fedme hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ann Berit; Gögenur, Ismail; Støckel, Mikael

    2014-01-01

    Morbid obesity in teenagers has become an increasing problem. Conventional diet has not yet shown effective long-term weight loss. Alternatively, bariatric surgery on adolescents has resulted in substantial weight loss, recovery from diabetes, improvement of cardiovascular risk factors...... and improvement in psychosocial status. Still, surgery performed on adolescents provides ethical challenges such as the unknown long-term prognosis after surgery. Despite these challenges, in cases of severe intractable obesity or development of life-threatening complications due to obesity, surgery should...

  16. Non-invasiv behandling af slid og erosion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pallesen, Ulla; van Dijken, Jan WV

    2011-01-01

    Slid og erosion af tænder synes i dag at være et voksende problem for mange patienter. I de fleste tilfælde kan tandlægens tidlige diagnostik føre til, at forebyggende tiltag iværksættes i tide, så fortsatte skader ophører eller progressionen begrænses. Desværre er det ikke altid muligt og hvis s...

  17. Evidensbaseret behandling af psykisk syge hjemløse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Maja; Nordentoft, Merete

    2010-01-01

    A systematic review of the literature shows that it is possible to reduce homelessness among mentally ill homeless persons, partly by offering access to housing and partly by providing intensive care through Assertive Community Treatment. Assertive Community Treatment can, to some extent, decrease...... psychiatric symptoms and increase quality of life. It is evident that by offering housing, homelessness may be reduced, but the comparison of independent housing and group living did not reveal big differences....

  18. Apoptose ved kronisk inflammatorisk tarmsygdom. Betydning for patogenese og behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seidelin, Jakob Benedict; Nielsen, Ole Haagen

    2003-01-01

    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by the increased survival of lamina propria leucocytes and ulcerations and an increased epithelial leakiness that compromise the barrier function of the epithelial lining. Deregulated apoptosis seems to be a major cause of the impaired barrier...... function and of leucocyte survival. This review focuses on the regulation of epithelial and leucocyte apoptosis in the IBD colon. Furthermore, the implications for present and future therapeutic strategies are discussed....

  19. Laktatacidose ved behandling af type 2-diabetes med metformin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holst, Helle; Eldrup, Ebbe; Guldstad, Nana Harriet;

    2012-01-01

    Metformin (MET) is the first-line agent in treatment of type 2 diabetes. However, MET has been associated with lactic acidosis (MALA), a potential but rare complication which has influenced treatment strategies in decades. Recently, guidelines have been changed in regards of age and heart failure...

  20. Psykoterapi ved behandling av bipolare lidelser hos voksne : En litteraturstudie

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Background: The effect of psychopharmacology on clinical features of ongoing bipolar disorder episodes and the course of illness are good, but sometimes not sufficient for achieving remission. During the last decade manualized adjunctive psychosocial interventions have been developed. This review focuses on randomized controlled trials studying the effect of psychotherapy adjunctive to pharmacotherapy on recovery from depressive or manic phases, relapse prevention and functional improvement. ...

  1. Sammenlimning af begge øjne skal ikke behandles konservativt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Øgard, Carsten; Kjaerbo, Hadi; Sørensen, Torben Lykke

    2010-01-01

    We describe a case of a 4-year-old boy who accidentally had both eyes glued together. The eyelashes were cut and the boy's eyelids were separated in general anaesthesia. When both eyes are glued together, we do not recommend expectancy, especially not in paediatric cases. For psychological reason......, the lids should be separated surgically. Furthermore, we suggest that similarities between ophthalmic bottles and superglue bottles are avoided so that future incidences may be avoided....

  2. Behandling af metforminassocieret laktatacidose med hæmodialyse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schousboe, K.; Rasmussen, K.; El Fassi, D.;

    2012-01-01

    Metformin-associated lactate acidosis is rare but serious and characterized by metabolic acidosis and elevated lactate. We describe a single-institution experience of four cases in one year. Despite pH levels of 6.85 to 7.12 and lactate levels of 11-28 mmol/l three of the patients survived. Two o...

  3. Palliativ behandling af patienter med terminal kronisk obstruktiv lungesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    von Plessen, Christian; Nielsen, Thyge L; Steffensen, Ida E;

    2011-01-01

    Terminal chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and advanced cancer have similar prognosis and symptom burden. However, palliative care of patients with terminal COPD has been neglected in Denmark. We describe the symptoms of terminal COPD and suggest criteria for defining the palliative...... phase of the disease. Furthermore we discuss the prognostic and ethical challenges for patients, their families and their caregivers. Finally, we summarize the current evidence for palliative treatment of dyspnoea and ways to evaluate response to treatment....

  4. Die Prognose von Spielausgängen in der Fußball-Bundesliga

    OpenAIRE

    Niermann, Stefan

    2001-01-01

    In this paper models for the prediction of matches in the German Soccer Bundesliga are estimated. In a frst step the expected difference of the number of goals is estimated on the basis of estimated abilities of the teams. Here, a focus lies on the necessity of robust parameter estimation. In a second step the probabilities for home team wins/losses and ties are estimated using a Bayesian updating procedure.

  5. Einfluss krankheitsassoziierter Mangelernährung auf Körperzusammensetzung und Prognose

    OpenAIRE

    Pirlich, Matthias

    2010-01-01

    Disease-related malnutrition is a frequent clincal problem with severe medical and economic impact. This work summarizes studies on body composition analysis, risk factors, prevalence and prognostic impact of malnutrition. The diagnosis of malnutrition in patients with chronic liver disease is hampered by hyperhydration and requires body composition analysis. Using four different methods for body composition analysis (total body potassium counting, anthropometry, bioelectrical impedance analy...

  6. Etablierung biochemischer Marker für Diagnostik und Prognose caniner Mammatumore

    OpenAIRE

    Lamp, Ole

    2012-01-01

    Canine Mammatumoren (CMT) sind eine der häufigsten Todesursachen bei Hündinnen (SIMON et al. 2001). Durch ihre periphere Lage sind zumeist nicht die Primärtumoren, sondern ihre Metastasen lebensbedrohlich, da diese häufig wichtige Organe wie Lunge Herz und Gehirn befallen (CLEMENTE et al. 2010). Aktuell angewandte Untersuchungsmethoden zur Erkennung von Metastasierung können entweder das invasive Wachstum beschreiben oder bereits bestehende Metastasen detektieren, jedoch fehlen bislang moleku...

  7. Aids-relaterede non-Hodgkin-lymfomer. Klinisk billede og prognose

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Penkowa, M; Hansen, P B

    1998-01-01

    Patients infected with HIV are at high risk for developing non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHL). HIV-associated NHLs seem to be increasing in number. They consist of two major histopathological subtypes originating from B-lymphocytes: Burkitt-like lymphomas and diffuse large cell lymphomas. There seems......). The treatment of NHL in AIDS patients is controversial due to their poor response to chemotherapy as well as a tendency to develop severe hematological toxicity. Factors with a negative influence on the prognosis are: Extranodal localisation of NHL including CNS, CD4 count below 200 x 10(6)/l, platelet count...

  8. Mg++-Stoffwechselkorrelationen als Diagnose und Prognose beim Sport und bei Hypertonikern

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Porta S

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Anhand eines Vergleichs der Daten dreier verschiedener Untersuchungen konnten wir demonstrieren, dass Veränderungen von ionisiertem Magnesium im Blut sowohl mit metabolischen Veränderungen als auch mit diastolischen und systolischen Blutdruckveränderungen korrelieren. Zuerst gelang es darzulegen, dass man imstande ist, durch die Bestimmung von Mg++ zusammen mit pH, Laktat und Leistungspunkten bei einem sportlichen Wettbewerb schon vor dem Bewerb anhand einer Mg++/pH-Korrelation die Chancen für anschließendes erfolgreiches Abschneiden vorherzusagen [1, 2]. Untersuchungen dieser Werte nach dem Bewerb gestatteten durch korrelative Analysen von Mg++-Veränderungen, Leistungspunkten und Laktatveränderungen einen tieferen Einblick in das Anstrengungs- Erfolgs-Verhältnis der Teilnehmer. Ähnlich den Resultaten beim Sport konnten durch Korrelation von Mg++ und diastolischem RR nach dem Test die signifikant-prognostischen Wirkungen der Mg++-Bestimmung gezeigt werden. Ähnlich wie beim Verhältnis zwischen Mg++ und Leistungspunkten zeigten auch hier diejenigen Patienten mit den geringsten Mg++-Abweichungen nach Provokation [1–3] auch die geringsten erregungsbedingten Veränderungen von diastolischem RR und Herzfrequenz durch den Test. Schließlich konnten wir bei 300 hypertonen Diabetikern zeigen, dass Blutzuckerveränderungen im Rahmen eines Glukoseprofils abhängig vom systolischen Blutdruck sind und eng mit Mg++-Veränderungen einhergehen, was einige neue Gedanken über den Mechanismus des Elektrolytverlusts bei Typ-2-Diabetikern und die Rolle des Blutdrucks bei Blutzuckerschwankungen zulässt [4–6].

  9. Targeting of Topoisomerase I for Prognoses and Therapeutics of Camptothecin-Resistant Ovarian Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsai, Hsiang-Ping; An, Herng-Wei; Lee, Chi-Ming; Wu, Jen-Chine; Chen, Chien-Shu; Huang, Shih-Hao; Hwang, Jaulang; Cheng, Kur-Ta; Leiw, Phui-Ly; Chen, Chi-Long; Lin, Chun-Mao

    2015-01-01

    DNA topoisomerase I (TOP1) levels of several human neoplasms are higher than those of normal tissues. TOP1 inhibitors are widely used in treating conventional therapy-resistant ovarian cancers. However, patients may develop resistance to TOP1 inhibitors, hampering chemotherapy success. In this study, we examined the mechanisms associated with the development of camptothecin (CPT) resistance in ovarian cancers and identified evodiamine (EVO), a natural product with TOP1 inhibiting activity that overcomes the resistance. The correlations among TOP1 levels, cancer staging, and overall survival (OS) were analyzed. The effect of EVO on CPT-resistant ovarian cancer was evaluated in vitro and in vivo. TOP1 was associated with poor prognosis in ovarian cancers (p = 0.024). EVO induced apoptosis that was detected using flow cytometry and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay. The tumor size decreased significantly in the EVO treatment group compared with the control group (p < 0.01) in a xenograft mouse model. Effects of drugs targeting TOP1 for prognosis and therapy in CPT-resistant ovarian cancer are anticipated. EVO with TOP1 can be developed as an antiproliferative agent for overcoming CPT resistance in ovarian cancers. PMID:26207989

  10. Targeting of Topoisomerase I for Prognoses and Therapeutics of Camptothecin-Resistant Ovarian Cancer.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu-Chieh Lee

    Full Text Available DNA topoisomerase I (TOP1 levels of several human neoplasms are higher than those of normal tissues. TOP1 inhibitors are widely used in treating conventional therapy-resistant ovarian cancers. However, patients may develop resistance to TOP1 inhibitors, hampering chemotherapy success. In this study, we examined the mechanisms associated with the development of camptothecin (CPT resistance in ovarian cancers and identified evodiamine (EVO, a natural product with TOP1 inhibiting activity that overcomes the resistance. The correlations among TOP1 levels, cancer staging, and overall survival (OS were analyzed. The effect of EVO on CPT-resistant ovarian cancer was evaluated in vitro and in vivo. TOP1 was associated with poor prognosis in ovarian cancers (p = 0.024. EVO induced apoptosis that was detected using flow cytometry and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL assay. The tumor size decreased significantly in the EVO treatment group compared with the control group (p < 0.01 in a xenograft mouse model. Effects of drugs targeting TOP1 for prognosis and therapy in CPT-resistant ovarian cancer are anticipated. EVO with TOP1 can be developed as an antiproliferative agent for overcoming CPT resistance in ovarian cancers.

  11. The causes and prognoses of different types of fractures in wild koalas submitted to wildlife hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henning, Joerg; Hannon, Christabel; McKinnon, Allan; Larkin, Rebecca; Allavena, Rachel

    2015-12-01

    Fractures are a major problem in wild koalas of great veterinary and conservation importance as their occurrence in different locations of the body might result in varying healing success. The aim of this study was to determine the fracture types (defined by location of the fracture) occurring in wild koalas, temporal patterns, possible causes and risk factors of fracture types, and the prognosis for successfully releasing kolas with healed fracture types into the wild. Data from a total of 2031 wild koalas submitted to wildlife hospitals in South-East Queensland, Australia, over a period of 13 years were analysed. Approximately 56.7% of koalas experienced head fractures, 13.4% had torso fractures, 14.9% had limb fractures and 15% had combination fractures. A total of 84.1% of fractures were caused by vehicle collisions, 9.1% by dog attacks, 3.3% by falls from trees, 1.3% by train collisions, 0.2% by livestock trampling and 1.8% due to unknown causes. Multinominal logistic regression was used to identify risk factors (cause of fracture, age category, sex, year, three-year admission period and season of fracture event) by fracture type. The type of fracture was associated with both the cause of the fracture and the season when it occurred: for example torso fractures (compared to combination fractures) were associated with dog attacks (OR=10.98; 95% CI6.03, 20.01) and falls from trees (OR=4.79; 95% CI2.26, 10.19) relative to vehicle collisions. More submissions of koalas with head fractures due to vehicle collisions occurred in spring compared to autumn and winter, coinciding with the breeding season of koalas and increased animal movement. Prognosis for koalas with fractures was poor, with approximately 63.8% of koalas admitted dead on arrival, 34.2% euthanised, and only 2.0% of koalas able to be released. Given this data, further research into mitigation strategies to decrease the risk of fractures and to increase the observed low recovery rate should be considered.

  12. Identifizierung der Nitratabbauprozesse und Prognose des Nitratabbaupotenzials in den Sedimenten des Hessischen Rieds

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kludt, Christoph; Weber, Frank-Andreas; Bergmann, Axel; Knöller, Kay; Berthold, Georg; Schüth, Christoph

    2016-09-01

    Microbial denitrification contributes significantly to the mitigation of nitrate contamination in sedimentary aquifers by reducing nitrate coupled to the consumption of organic carbon (heterotrophic) and iron sulphides like pyrite (autotrophic). However, these phases are often only present in trace amounts and can become depleted, so that denitrification will eventually cease. In order to implement measures within the EC-Water Framework Directive, we investigated the denitrification potential and the denitrification processes in the sediments of the Hessian Ried. The reduction potential was quantified and characterized by solid-phase analyses of drill core samples. Depth-oriented investigations of hydrochemistry (i.e. stable isotopes, N2Excess) allowed determining nitrate input, reduction progress and average reduction kinetics upstream of selected wells. Despite low sulphide contents (max. 123 mg-S/kg), autotrophic denitrification was typically the dominant process. The results can be used to delineate risk areas, downstream of which denitrification can be expected to cease in the near future.

  13. Akut myokardieinfarkt i Danmark. Udvikling i incidens og prognose gennem 20 år

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Mette; Rasmussen, S; Juel, K

    2000-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The paper describes the epidemiology of acute myocardial infarction in Denmark. The study provides statistics on mortality, incidence and case-fatality for 1996 and the time trend since 1978. The results are compared to the results from the international MONICA study. METHOD...... fatality. In the period 1985-1996 the incidence decreased by 3.5% per year for men and 2.5% for women. Mortality rates within 28 days after admission to hospital with MI was almost constant until 1988 following which there was a significant drop. Despite the improved prognosis for MI patients, one quarter...

  14. Anthropogenic iodine-129 in the Arctic Ocean and Nordic Seas: Numerical modeling and prognoses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A numerical model simulation has been used to predict extent and variability in the anthropogenic 129I pollution in the Arctic Ocean and Nordic Seas region over a period of 100 years. The source function of 129I used in the model is represented by a well-known history of discharges from the Sellafield and La Hague nuclear reprocessing facilities. The simulations suggest a fast transport and large inventory of the anthropogenic 129I in the Arctic and North Atlantic Oceans. In a fictitious case of abrupt stop of the discharges, a rapid decline of inventories is observed in all compartments except the North Atlantic Ocean, the deep Nordic Seas and the deep Arctic Ocean. Within 15 years after the stop of releases, the model prediction indicates that near-equilibrium conditions are reached in all compartments

  15. Abbauwerkzeugverschleiß und empirische Verschleißprognose beim Vortrieb mit Hydroschild TVM in Lockergesteinen

    OpenAIRE

    Köppl, Florian

    2014-01-01

    Der Verschleiß der Abbauwerkzeuge ist eine häufige Ursache für Vortriebsunterbrechungen beim Vortrieb mit Hydroschild Tunnelvortriebsmaschinen (TVM) in Lockergesteinen. In einer Analyse von 18 Referenzprojekten wurden die maßgeblichen Einflussfaktoren aus der Auslegung und den Betriebsparametern der TVM und den Boden- und Gebirgseigenschaften auf den Verschleiß der Abbauwerkzeuge ermittelt und quantifiziert. Aus diesen wurde ein empirisches Prognosemodell für die Stationierung der Vortriebsun...

  16. Salivary Heparanase Level Is a Potential Biomarker to Diagnose and Prognose the Malignant Salivary Gland Tumor.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiangbing Wu

    Full Text Available Upregulation of heparanase has been reported in an increasing number of human cancer tissues. However, the level of salivary heparanase and its clinical significance in patients with salivary gland tumors remain unclear.Salivary heparanase levels in patients with salivary gland tumors were detected using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISAs and the clinical significance was evaluated by analyzing the correlations among salivary heparanase levels, clinicopathological parameters, and clinical outcomes.The levels of salivary heparanase were significantly higher in patients with malignant salivary gland tumors than in benign tumors and normal controls (P<0.0001. High salivary heparanase levels were positively correlated with increased lymph node metastasis (P = 0.0235 and poorer tumor node metastasis stage (TNM (P = 0.0183. Survival analyses revealed that high salivary heparanase levels were associated with worse overall survival (P = 0.0023 and disease-free survival (DFS (P = 0.0025.The study shows that salivary heparanase levels, as detected by the ELISAs, can be used to diagnose and provide an accurate prognosis for malignant salivary gland tumors. Salivary heparanase level was an independent predictor in patients with malignant salivary gland tumors.

  17. Laver vejplanlæggere ærligere prognoser end jernbaneplanlæggere?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Næss, Petter; Flyvbjerg, Bent; Buhl, Søren L.

    2005-01-01

    Undersøgelser viser at der er betydelige afvigelser mellem forventede og faktiske mængder trafik. Specielt er afvigelserne store for jernbaneprojekter. Også for vejprojekter er prognoserne ofte forkerte, men her er trafikmængden ofte større end forventet modsat jerbaneprojekter, hvor den ofte er ...

  18. Ein Prognose- und Simulationswerkzeug zur Unterstützung der kurzfristigen Personalbedarfsplanung in einem Call Center

    OpenAIRE

    Roland Schuhr

    2004-01-01

    Since call center services are labour-intensive, human resource planning is a critical management task in terms of service quality and operating costs. This paper introduces a planning software tool to support short-term human resource planning. It is designed to forecast the stream of inbound telephone calls and to simulate transaction processes in order to estimate the minimum number of call center agents, required to achieve service objectives at a future working day.

  19. Sykepleiekompetanse -en kvalitativ studie om sykepleieres erfaringer i behandling av pasienter med diagnosen paranoid schizofreni

    OpenAIRE

    Bakland, Maria

    2014-01-01

    Background and purpose: Today's political guidelines show increased investment in mental health care. Many people with mental illness, who have lost their employability, report that they feel they have not been treated for their mental health problem. As a nurse working with the patient with a diagnosis of paranoid schizophrenia , one is mostly dependent on using oneself as an instrument. It is therefore important to be aware of one's own skills, and the ways in which competence will affect t...

  20. Segmentel vending af tyndtarmen til behandling af voksne patienter med korttarms syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burgdorf, Stefan K; Qvist, Niels; Gögenur, Ismail

    2014-01-01

    Short bowel syndrome is the result of extensive surgical resection, inherited defects or loss of functional absorbing intestine. Parenteral nutrition is associated with high economical expenses, increased morbidity and decreased quality of life. Intestinal transplantation is associated with high...... morbidity and mortality rates. Segmental reversal of the small bowel can prolong the transit time in the small bowel and in many cases permanently end parenteral nutrition dependency. Segmental reversal of the small bowel should be integrated in the surgical treatment of adults with short bowel syndrome....

  1. Stomi prolaps (tarm) og kirurgisk behandling av stomi prolaps hos barn

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson, Prince

    2015-01-01

    Abstract Background: An intestinal stoma is a surgical opening of the intestine, mostly sutured to the anterior abdominal wall. It is a common lifesaving operative procedure done on children. Stoma prolapse is one of the common complications of stoma. A significant number of stoma prolapse patients require surgical correction. Aim: This thesis is in two parts. The first part is a literature review of intestinal stoma prolapse and its surgical treatments. The second part is an evaluation of th...

  2. Thalassemi i Norge : Klinisk bilde, behandling og heterogenitet belyst ved en familiestudie

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Background: The thalassaemias are a group of inherited haemoglobin disorders frequently found in tropical and subtropical areas, evolutionary selected for due to carriers’ resistance to malaria. It is regarded as an autosomal recessive disorder. In Norway it is still a seldom disease although the incidence is increasing as a result of immigration from endemic countries. Many Norwegian doctors lack the experience and knowledge required to screen, diagnose and treat these patients. Although it ...

  3. Behandling med dopaminagonister og udvikling af hjerteklapsygdom hos patienter med hyperprolaktinæmi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steffensen, Maria Charlotte; Mægbæk, Merete Lund; Laurberg, Peter;

    2014-01-01

    Treatment with dopamin agonists, particularly cabergoline, is the primary and preferred therapy for prolactinomas and symptomatic hyperprolactinaemia due to its effectiveness and tolerability. However, an association has been demonstrated between fibrotic heart valve disease and high-dose dopamin...

  4. Toksoplasmose-chorioretinitis: klinisk forløb og behandling af syv patienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lebech, A M; Lebech, M; Børme, K K;

    1996-01-01

    G antibodies. After anti-Toxoplasma therapy with sulfadiazine, pyrimethamine and corticosteroid the ocular lesions were healed to atrophic scars and the inflammatory activity disappeared. We conclude that when the clinical picture is compatible with toxoplasmosis, antibodies to Toxoplasma gondii......Toxoplasmosis is a major and preventable cause of severe visual loss and blindness in young people. Ocular toxoplasmosis is the leading cause of posterior uveitis and in most cases it represents a late manifestation of a congenital infection. The clinical picture and anti-Toxoplasma therapy...... are demonstrated and there is no other diagnosis, anti-Toxoplasma treatment should be considered. It is important to inform pregnant women about prophylactic measures, and to perform a serological screening of newborns, since treatment of congenital toxoplasmosis from birth improves the prognosis....

  5. Screening for tuberkuloseinfektion før behandling med biologiske lægemidler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ravn, Pernille

    2011-01-01

    Tumour necrosis factor antagonists (anti-TNFα) have become an invaluable treatment against chronic inflammatory diseases. Individuals treated with anti-TNFα have more than a fourfold increased risk of tuberculosis (TB) reactivation depending on the clinical setting and the TNF-antagonist used. All...... the risk of progression to active TB....... candidates for anti-TNFα treatment in Denmark should be evaluated for possible latent TB using history of exposure, chest X-ray and an interferon-γ release assay. Preventive chemotherapy is recommended for all individuals with latent TB infection before initiation of anti-TNFα as it is expected to reduce...

  6. Behandling af svær anæmi hos patienter, der afviser blodtransfusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorentzen, Kristian; Kjær, Bjarne; Olsen, Karsten Skovgaard

    2014-01-01

    In situations involving serious bleeding and anaemia, a refusal of blood transfusion puts the clinician in an ethical and medical dilemma, as standard treatment is not an option, and the patient risks dying of a potentially reversible cause. This status article describes methods of treatment unde...... the concept of "bloodless medicine", where surgical and supportive techniques are used to manage and treat severe anaemia.......In situations involving serious bleeding and anaemia, a refusal of blood transfusion puts the clinician in an ethical and medical dilemma, as standard treatment is not an option, and the patient risks dying of a potentially reversible cause. This status article describes methods of treatment under...

  7. Danske anbefalinger for behandling af ankyloserende spondylitis og spondylartritis udarbejdet i et internationalt projektsamarbejde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Susanne Juhl; Madsen, Ole Rintek; Erlendsson, Jon;

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The multinational initiative "3e Initiative in Rheumatology - Multi-national Recommendations for the Management of Ankylosing Spondylitis 2006-7" served the primary purpose of providing specific recommendations for the management of ankylosing spondylitis and spondyloarthritis...

  8. Disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs til behandling af ankyloserende spondylitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Ole Rintek; Egsmose, Charlotte

    2009-01-01

    Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is an inflammatory disorder affecting the axial skeleton, peripheral joints, entheses and extra-articular sites. Patients with early disease, a higher level of erythrocyte sedimentation rate and/or peripheral arthritis might benefit from sulfasalazine. Otherwise...

  9. Fra mental retardering til målrettet behandling ved fragilt X-syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jønch, Aia Elise; Timshel, Susanne; Carlsen Lunding, Jytte Merete;

    2014-01-01

    From intellectual disability to new treatment modalities of fragile X syndrome: Ugeskr Læger 2014;176:V06130350 In 1943 a large family with X-linked mental retardation was described by Martin & Bell. This family had what we know today as fragile X syndrome, the most common inherited form...... of intellectual disability. Current knowledge about the specific gene, the encoded protein and the pathophysiological mechanisms involved has made it possible to develop pharmacological treatment trials. Fragile X syndrome therefore is on its way as model disorder for targeted treatments in genetic medicine...

  10. Mindfulness i behandling av deprimerte og suicidale pasienter : Kan mindfulness påvirke ruminering?

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Bakgrunn: Sammenhengen mellom ruminering og suicidalitet er godt dokumentert, ruminering beskrives som en kognitiv prosess, en del av den suicidale prosess, og er spesielt sentral hos de hvor tilbakevendende depresjon er en fremtredende risikofaktor for suicidalitet. Formålet med denne studien er å undersøke om det i forskningslitteraturen er støtte for hypotesen om at mindfulness kan redusere ruminering, og gjennom en slik reduksjon være et alternativ som ledd i behandlingen av suicidale pas...

  11. Forebyggelse og behandling af fedme hos børn og unge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Michaelsen, Kim Fleischer; Mølgaard, Christian; Richelsen, Bjørn;

    2006-01-01

    In the last 10 years, there has been a marked increase in the prevalence of obesity in children beginning at 3-4 years of age. The only realistic solution to the problem is prevention. Although there is limited evidence for the effectiveness of preventive programmes, there is a consensus that mul...

  12. Tidlig identifikation og behandling af kredsløbssvigt ved svær sepsis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haase, Nicolai; White, Jonathan; Perner, Anders

    2010-01-01

    Severe sepsis is a leading cause of death characterised by infection-induced endothelial and cardiac dysfunction leading to hypovolaemia, maldistribution of flow, tissue ischaemia and organ failure. A clinical approach with focus on cardiovascular diagnostics and rational goal-directed therapy...

  13. Angioneurotisk ødem i forbindelse med behandling med angiotensinkonverterende enzym-haemmer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, E C; Johansen, J B; Døssing, H

    1996-01-01

    Angioneurotic oedema secondary to angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors is a rare condition, but it is a side effect which is likely to be seen more frequently because of the increased use of these drugs in the treatment of heart failure and hypertension. We report two cases which...... illustrate problems in the diagnosis and management of this life-threatening condition, and also demonstrate that angioedema re-occurs if the ACE inhibitor is not discontinued. If angioedema is suspected, therapy with any angiotensin converting-enzyme inhibitor should be discontinued promptly, respiratory...

  14. Medicinsk behandling af hypofosfatæmisk rakitis hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rahbek, Elise Torp; Nielsen, Line Hougaard; Beck-Nielsen, Signe Sparre;

    2014-01-01

    Hypophosphataemic rickets is a rare, genetic disorder resulting in defect bone mineralisation and rickets. The current medical treatment consists of phosphate supplementation and alfacalcidol, but side effects such as secondary hyperparat-hyroidism and nephrocalcinosis are common. This treatment...

  15. Tumornekrosefaktor alpha-haemning som led i behandling af uveitis hos børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fledelius, Hans Callø; Nielsen, Susan M; Nissen, Kamilla Rothe;

    2007-01-01

    To present our experience with anti-TNFalpha treatment of juvenile idiopatic arthritis (JIA) associated uveitis.......To present our experience with anti-TNFalpha treatment of juvenile idiopatic arthritis (JIA) associated uveitis....

  16. Forskelle i behandling af børn med idiopatisk trombocytopenisk purpura

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Edslev, Pernille Wendtland; Kjærsgaard, Mimi; Rosthøj, Steen

    2010-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) is a rare immune-mediated bleeding disorder that usually takes a self-limiting and benign course. Due to the risk of intracranial haemorrhage, treatment regimens tend to be active. We present treatment data from 17 paediatric departments...... in Denmark (1998-2000), focusing on regional differences in treatment strategy. MATERIAL AND METHODS: As part of a prospective Nordic study, clinical findings and treatment were recorded for 109 children with newly diagnosed ITP. The course in the following six months was reported for 91 children. Results...... transfusion was given to 24%, 0% and 4%, respectively. There were no differences in remission rates or frequency of mucosal bleeding during follow-up, but treatment rates were 6.3, 4.7, and 3.0 per patient-year with severe thrombocytopenia. Chronic ITP lasting more than six months developed in 26%, 33...

  17. Blødningskomplikationer ved behandling med clopidogrel og acetylsalicylsyre efter akut koronart syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjær, Janus; Larsen, Christian Hastrup; Poulsen, Tina Svenstrup;

    2006-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: The Clopidogrel in Unstable Angina to Prevent Recurrent Events (CURE) study showed that patients with unstable angina pectoris (UAP) and non-ST-elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI) benefit from combined therapy with acetylsalicylic acid (ASA) and clopidogrel. However, only...... with the patients treated with clopidogrel and ASA in the CURE study, we also found a three times greater risk of major bleeding in period 2. In particular, patients over 70 years of age and patients undergoing bypass surgery were at heightened risk. The incidence of the primary clinical end point was higher...... in both period 1 and period 2 than in the CURE study. CONCLUSION: Our study demonstrates an increased risk of major bleeding in unselected patients receiving combination therapy with ASA and clopidogrel after UAP or NSTEMI. Major bleeding complications most frequently occur in patients above 70 years...

  18. Ventetid og omkostninger ved diagnostik og behandling af stabil angina pectoris

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søgaard, Rikke; Sanchez, Ricardo

    Introduction: The objective of this pilot study was to examine possible consequences of a logistically non-optimal regimen, for the diagnosis and treatment of stable angina pectoris, on waiting time and costs to inform whether a larger study is warranted. Material and methods: Retrospective cohor...... of stable angina pectoris, which ceteris paribus would be associated with cost savings in the health care sector. However, these potentials should be examined in a larger- scale study....

  19. Radium-223 behandling af knoglemetastaser ved kastrationsrefraktær prostatacancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Jann; Højgaard, Liselotte

    2014-01-01

    The alpha emitter Radium-223 ((22)3Ra-Cl2) is a bone-seeking radionuclide studied as a new treatment for patients with bone metastases from hormone refractory prostate cancer. More than 1,000 patients have been included in clinical phase I-III tests showing significant reduction in alkaline...

  20. Behandling af idiopatisk perifer facialisparese, også kaldet Bells parese

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Martin Willy; Hahn, Christoffer Holst

    2013-01-01

    Bell's palsy is defined as an idiopathic peripheral facial nerve paralysis of sudden onset. It affects 11-40 persons per 100,000 per annum. Many patients recover without intervention; however, up to 30% have poor recovery of facial muscle control and experience facial disfigurement. The aim...

  1. Behandling af placenta percreta kræver involvering af flere specialer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clausen, Caroline; Lönn, Lars; Albrechtsen, Charlotte Krebs;

    2011-01-01

    Placenta percreta is a rare life-threatening obstetrical condition, often resulting in severe haemorrhage and hysterectomy. The incidence seems to be increasing, probably secondary to the increase in caesarean section rates. We present a protocol for an elective multidisciplinary approach...

  2. Effekt af trombolytisk behandling på udfaldet af tidlig arbejdstest hos patienter med akut myokardieinfarkt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Jesper Hastrup; Madsen, J K; Saunamäki, K I;

    1994-01-01

    Exercise test variables, such as an impaired heart rate response, are known to be related to left ventricular function and patient prognosis following acute myocardial infarction. The present study was performed to compare exercise test variables in acute myocardial infarct patients following eit...

  3. Uppfattning om information avseende kost och fysisk aktivitet vid adjuvant behandling mot bröstcancer

    OpenAIRE

    Wedin, Eleonora; Andréasson, Maria

    2011-01-01

    Aim: To describe perceptions about written and verbal information regarding diet and physical activity in women with breast cancer and to study possible differences between ages and perception. Method: A cross-sectional study was conducted and consisted of 57 women with breast cancer stages I-III who started adjuvant chemotherapy within a year (2007-2008). A questionnaire, regarding their perceptions about the written and verbal information they had received about diet and physical activity, ...

  4. Kost og Idræt til behandling af børn med ADHD

    OpenAIRE

    Thorsdal-Hjeds, Michala Lykke; Lund, Kira; Elling, Fenja Sidse Rudkjøbing; Nielsen, Sif Hummelgaard

    2014-01-01

    Ritalin is the most common medication used for attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) and figures show a radical increase in the production of this particular drug within the last decade, leading to the conclusion that more people - especially children showing erratic behavior - are being diagnosed with ADHD and treated for it medically. In opposition to this development of medicating an increasing number of children, this report focuses upon diet and exercise as alternative metho...

  5. Sekundær prævention af apopleksi med effektiv antihypertensiv behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Signe Boye; Strandgaard, Svend; Paulson, Olaf B.

    2013-01-01

    In this meta-analysis, four of five placebo-controlled studies showed that antihypertensive treatment prevented stroke recurrence, most markedly in a study with a combination of an angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor and a diuretic. Studies with beta-blockers were not included. Two head...

  6. Serumelektrolytter og medikamentel behandling hos patienter indlagt på en geriatrisk afdeling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, I J; Matzen, L E

    1993-01-01

    . Risk factors for low sodium concentrations were treatment with the combination of thiazide+amiloride, potassium-sparing diuretics, thiazides, emergency hospitalization and low body weight. Risk factors for low potassium concentrations were treatment with the combination of thiazide+amiloride, thiazides...... and female gender. On an average, patients were given two different drugs from specified groups both on admission and on discharge, but changes in medical treatment were often performed during the hospital stay. Prehospital treatment with thiazide diuretics and the combination of thiazide...

  7. Behandling af blødende øsofagusvaricer med selvekspanderende metalstenter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dahlerup, Jens F; Kruse, Aksel; Grønbaek, Henning;

    2007-01-01

    We report that haemostasis was obtained by the use of SEMS in two patients with bleeding oesophageal varices which failed conventional therapy (vasoactive drugs, antibiotics, endoscopy, and Sengstaken balloon tamponade). One patient subsequently died of sepsis; the other was treated with TIPS...

  8. Triage medfører hurtigere behandling af de mest syge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skriver, Claus; Lauritzen, Marlene Mauson Pankoke; Forberg, Jakob Lundager;

    2011-01-01

    Systematic process triage is a relatively unknown concept in Denmark. Currently there are no national recommendations regarding triage models for use in the emergency department (ED). Four medium-sized EDs from different regions across the country cooperated in a joint venture to develop a new...

  9. Fæcestransplantation som behandling af Clostridium difficile-infektion, colitis ulcerosa og metabolisk syndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carstensen, Jeppe West; Hansen, Axel Kornerup

    2014-01-01

    Faecal transplantation as a treatment for Clostridium difficile infection, ulcerative colitis and the metabolic syndrome Faecal transplantation as a therapeutic tool is increasingly reported in the scientific literature. Faecal transplantation is currently becoming a treatment for nosocomial......, refractory infections with C. difficile. Furthermore, faecal transplantation has been suggested as a treatment for ulcerative colitis as well as for the metabolic syndrome. In the accumulated literature faecal transplantations appear to be safe, effective and superior to current treatments. Faecal...... transplantation remains a sparsely investigated treatment, however, especially for other diagnoses than C. difficile infection....

  10. Betydningen af kroppens stilling for det diuretiske respons ved behandling af dekompenseret cirrose og morbus cordis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilken-Jensen, C; Ring-Larsen, H; Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl;

    1989-01-01

    sodium 96 v 45 mmol (mEq)/6 h (p less than 0.01), and the excreted potassium in six hours was similar in both postures. The glomerular filtration rate was 100 and 66 ml/min (p less than 0.01) and the heart rate 76 and 83 beats/min (p less than 0.05) in the supine and upright positions, respectively...... mechanisms which may reduce the excretion of water and salt. Udgivelsesdato: 1989-Jan-2...

  11. Behandling og diagnostik af tuberkulose: fremad med små skridt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Ase Bengård; Lillebæk, Troels; Bang, Didi;

    2011-01-01

    and oxazolidinones are also being assessed in human phase II and III trials. Efforts are made to develop easy-to-handle diagnostic tools that will allow early detection of potential MDR or XDR cases. The Xpert RIF/MTB is a prototype of such an invention. At long last the field is moving slowly forward....

  12. Behandling og diagnostik af tuberkulose: fremad med små skridt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Ase Bengård; Lillebæk, Troels; Bang, Didi;

    2011-01-01

    Development of new drugs for the treatment of drug sensitive and drug resistent tuberculosis is badly needed. Substantial progress has been made in the field and presently six new drug components are in clinical phase I and II trials. Drugs approved for other indications e.g. newer fluoroquinolones...

  13. Udredning og behandling af osteoporose hos patienter med prostatacancer uden knoglemetastaser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eiken, Pia Agnete; Langdahl, Bente Lomholt; Eiken, Frederik L;

    2011-01-01

    The prevention of cancer treatment-induced bone loss in patients with prostate cancer due to gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH)-agonist, GnRH-antagonist and orchidectomi therapy has a high priority. We present an algorithm for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis during treatment of non......-metastatic prostate cancer....

  14. Korrekt behandling af akut akillesseneruptur - det svære valg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barfod, Kristoffer Weisskirchner; Ganestam, Ann; Madsen, Bjørn Lindegård;

    2015-01-01

    to an increased risk of re-rupture and operative treatment to an increased risk of other complications such as adhesions, infection and nerve injury. When a non-operative treatment protocol is chosen it is paramount that sufficient expertise is present to guide the treatment and rehabilitation.......Treatment of acute Achilles tendon rupture in Denmark has changed from being predominantly operative to being non-operative treatment over the past five years. However, no clear evidence is found in the literature in favour of one treatment modality over another. Non-operative treatment leads...

  15. Konsensus for behandling og kontrol af borderline-tumor i ovariet i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lundvall, L; Lund, B A; Hansen, M

    1990-01-01

    In order to obtain an impression of the consensus in Denmark of the treatment and control of border-line tumours of the ovary (BTO), a questionnaire was sent to all 43 departments of gynaecology/obstetrics and of surgery with gynaecology/obstetrics. Thirty-seven (86%) departments replied. The...

  16. Hjertestop forårsaget af massiv lungeemboli under behandling med tranexamsyre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gybel, Mikkel; Kristensen, Kjeld; Roseva-Nielsen, Natasha

    2013-01-01

    Pulmonary embolism (PE) as the direct cause of cardiac arrest is well known but probably under-diagnosed. Treatment of menorrhagia with antifibrinolytics is a well documented treatment modality and it is considered safe although thromboembolic complications have been reported. We describe a case ...

  17. Behandling med valproat under graviditet: beskrivelse af fire cases med føtalt valproatsyndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sabers, Anne; Larsen, Katja; Blichfeldt, Susanne;

    2009-01-01

    with developmental delay. This paper aims to give attention to the syndrome through four case descriptions. Furthermore, possible risk factors and the use of the mutation 677C-T as a risk marker are discussed. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Nine developmentally retarded children from a parent group, born of mothers who were...

  18. Organtransplanterede patienter har behov for intensiv kontrol og behandling af hudcancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Togsverd-Bo, Katrine; Sørensen, Søren Schwartz; Hædersdal, Merete

    2013-01-01

    The risk of non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) and in particular squamous cell carcinoma is significantly increased in organ transplant recipients due to long-term treatment with immunosuppressives. Dermatologic management in the form of a multidisciplinary approach, including patient education, skin...

  19. Beteende eller sinnessjukdom? : Psykiatri och behandling vid Mariebergs sjukhus mellan 1930-1950

    OpenAIRE

    Ahlström, Niklas

    2015-01-01

    This paper is interested in Swedish psychiatry during the period between 1930-1950,localized to Mariebergs hospital in Sweden. The purpose of this paper has been to testSjöstroms evidence of the pattern that he used to create three analytical concepts, roughlytranslated to; morally educative discipline-treatment, the production process and the idealinstitution citizen. Sjöström motivates that his concepts gives insight into one aspect of thepsychiatric expansion between 1860-1960 as well as c...

  20. Laparoskopisk versus åben højresidig hemikolektomi til behandling af koloncancer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pommergaard, H C; Olsen, J.A.; Burgdorf, S.K.;

    2010-01-01

    , blood loss, surgical complications and mortality. RESULTS: The length of hospital stay was significantly shorter in the LRH group than in the ORH group (five vs. six, p = 0.023). Furthermore, the number of lymph nodes harvested was significantly larger in the LRH group than in the ORH group (23 vs. 15...... the Danish Colorectal Cancer Group (DCCG) database, we identified two groups each with 42 patients who underwent either laparoscopic right hemicolectomy (LRH) or open right hemicolectomy (ORH). The two groups were compared with respect to demographic data, length of hospital stay, number of glands harvested...... to ORH with regards to morbidity, mortality and blood loss. Furthermore, LRH is associated with a shorter hospital stay and a higher radical lymph node harvest than ORH. The results and the thesis that LRH will result in fewer hernias and better cosmetic outcomes makes LRH a promising surgical procedure...

  1. Et Patientperspektivistisk Studie i Brug af Alternativ Behandling hos Danske Patienter med Diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gerbild, Helle Nygaard

    2008-01-01

    , the concepts – ‘push’, ‘pull’, ‘press-into’, ‘stop’ and ‘stay’ were used, and further the concepts of the amount of the patients’ general CAM experiences: infrequent clients, established clients and orthodox clients, and in addition, CAM used specificly for diabetes, the aim of using CAM: wellness, prevention...... theory. The data originate from an explorative study based on semi-structured individual in-depth interviews with ten diabetic using CAM. The selection of patients for the interviews was based on several strategies. Results: In order to understand the patients’ experiences and positions of CAM...

  2. Animal Assisted Therapy : ett team i behandling och terapi av barn och unga

    OpenAIRE

    Lantz, Linda; Steénmark, Annika

    2006-01-01

    The main purpose of this examination paper has been to do a review of recent scientific and evaluated studies performed on children 0-15 years of age, treated with an animal as an assistant to the therapist/professional. The key term is Animal Assisted Therapy (AAT). Our focus has been to describe in what fields these kinds of studies have been performed, what the results are and how effective they have been. As a supplement to our study we have performed 8 short telephone interviews with pro...

  3. Diagnose og behandling af osteoporose ved ikke-metastaserende cancer mammae

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eiken, Pia Agnete; Hansen, Mogens; Kristensen, Bent;

    2011-01-01

    The prevention of cancer-treatment-induced bone loss due to chemotherapy and long-term adjuvant breast cancer therapy has a high priority. We present an algorithm for the prevention and treatment of osteoporosis during treatment of nonmetastatic breast cancer....

  4. Antihypertensiv behandling forud for cerebrovaskulaere sygdomme er utilstraekkelig i henhold til rekommandationerne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Aneta Aleksandra; Christensen, Cramer; Brandslund, Ivan;

    2008-01-01

    : intracerebral haemorrhage, cerebral infarction, stroke and transient cerebral ischaemia. RESULTS: The median patient age was 74 years with no gender difference. Diabetes was present in 13% of patients. A total of 74% of all patients had a pre-admission blood pressure that was too high, 59% were being treated...... of hypertension is unsatisfactory, and many cerebrovascular events may be prevented through improved detection of unknown hypertension and more intensive anti-hypertensive treatment. Udgivelsesdato: 2008-Oct-6...

  5. Musikbiografi og musikreminiscens som led i musikterapeutisk behandling af personer med frontotemporal demens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ridder, Hanne Mette Ochsner

    2005-01-01

    At reflektere over sine følelser og sin egen situation, være kreativ og fantasifuld, og kunne planlægge og udføre målrettede handlinger hænger sammen med funktioner der involverer den forreste del af hjernen. Disse evner eller funktioner kan skades ved frontotemporale demensformer. Fra Rigshospit...

  6. Diabetisk ketoacidose hos en hiv-positiv patient i antiretroviral behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Malene Rahbek; Hansen, Birgitte Rønde; Røder, Michael E

    2006-01-01

    Following the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), a number of metabolic and morphologic alterations, known as HIV-associated lipodystrophy syndrome (HALS), have been increasingly common in HIV-infected patients being treated with this therapy. The use of protease...

  7. Endokrinologisk udredning, behandling og opfølgning af polycystisk ovariesyndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glintborg, Dorte; Rungby, Jørgen; Eskildsen, Peter;

    2010-01-01

    Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) has a prevalence of 5-10% and is defined as oligomenorrhoea, hyperandrogenaemia and/or polycystic ovaries and the exclusion of other aetiologies for the patient's symptoms. There is currently no agreement on the initial evaluation programme for women referred...... with PCOS or on how the syndrome should be treated. Women with PCOS have an increased risk of the metabolic syndrome upon diagnosis and increased long-term risk of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and endometrial cancer. In the present overview, we give recommendations for relevant follow......-up examination of patients with PCOS based on a search of the available literature. Udgivelsesdato: 2010-Jan-18...

  8. Endokrinologisk udredning, behandling og opfølgning af polycystisk ovariesyndrom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glintborg, Dorte; Rungby, Jørgen; Eskildsen, Peter;

    2010-01-01

    Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) has a prevalence of 5-10% and is defined as oligomenorrhoea, hyperandrogenaemia and/or polycystic ovaries and the exclusion of other aetiologies for the patient's symptoms. There is currently no agreement on the initial evaluation programme for women referred...... with PCOS or on how the syndrome should be treated. Women with PCOS have an increased risk of the metabolic syndrome upon diagnosis and increased long-term risk of type 2 diabetes, cardiovascular disease and endometrial cancer. In the present overview, we give recommendations for relevant follow......-up examination of patients with PCOS based on a search of the available literature....

  9. Kan kunstige søtede produkter bidra til forebygging og behandling av overvekt?

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    THE ROLE OF ARTIFICIAL SWEETENERS IN PREVENTING OVERWEIGHT Overweight, obesity, type 2 diabetes and cardiovascular disease are demanding public health issues. Nutrition and physical activity are important contributors in preventing overweight. This article addresses artificial sweeteners, especially non-nutritive beverages, their role in our diet and significance in preventing the epidemic of overweight and obesity. The article is based on non-systematically searches on PubMed, Cochra...

  10. Mulig forbedret behandling af kolorektal cancer med sentinel lymph node-diagnostik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Burgdorf, Stefan K; Eriksen, Jens Ravn; Gögenür, Ismail

    2014-01-01

    Possibly improved treatment of colorectal cancer by sentinel lymph node mapping Prognosis for colorectal cancer is dependent on radical surgical intervention. Chemotherapy in patients with advanced disease has improved the survival. A considerable proportion of the patients going through radical...... surgery will subsequently relapse. Adjuvant chemotherapy is reserved for patients with lymph node metastases, why undetected malignant lymph nodes will result in understaging and exclusion from the possible benefit of adjuvant chemotherapy. With sentinel lymph node mapping it may be possible to detect and...

  11. Præhospital behandling. Ambulance-projektet Odense. En prospektiv undersøgelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, C F; Jørgensen, H R; Nielsen, J R;

    1990-01-01

    by the Danish National Board of Health was also tested. Experience from abroad and recent Danish trial arrangements demonstrate the positive effect of extended professional prehospital treatment. The authors consider, therefore, that an ambulance law is required as this would ensure better and more...

  12. Overlevelse efter lynnedslag og behandling af tilstødende komplikationer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Malene Lægdsgaard; Uslu, Bülent; Lind, Morten Nikolaj;

    2011-01-01

    Lightning strike is an unpredictable weather phenomenon which can cause a variety of injuries to the human body. We present a case report with a 24-year-old male football player, who survived prolonged cardiac arrest after a lighting strike and then presented with multiple organ dysfunction due...

  13. Omkostningseffektiv ændring af behandling ved delhudstransplantat på crus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vennegaard Kalialis, Louise; von Sperling, Marie Louise; Hoyer, A.P.

    2012-01-01

    We present a clinical comparison of short stretch bandage versus a two-layer compression bandage and early mobilization after split skin grafting to lower leg defects. A total of 38 patients were included. The first group were immobilized for four days and given a short stretch support bandage. G...

  14. Svær laryngomalaci hos børn kan behandles med laserkirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, Lars Christian; Godballe, Christian

    2012-01-01

    Laryngomalacia is the most common cause for congenital stridor. The stridor is caused by collapse of supraglottic structures during inspiration. Two severe cases treated with laser-assisted supraglottoplasty are presented. Our cases as well as the literature describe good effect of the treatment...

  15. Udvikling og behandling af delirium hos kritisk syge børn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Winther-Olesen, Marie; Afshari, Arash

    2012-01-01

    Delirium is a common and often under-recognised neuropsychiatric disorder in paediatric critical care, secondary to a general medical condition. Paediatric delirium (PD) is associated with high morbidity and mortality and prolonged stay at the intensive care unit. This review introduces the reader...

  16. Bakterielle hud- og bløtvevsinfeksjoner hos injiserende stoffmisbrukere i sykehus. : Forekomst, mikrobiologi og behandling.

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Skin and soft tissue infections (SSTIs) cause significant morbidity among intravenous drug users (IVDUs). Information about special features of SSTIs in IVDUs is essential for treatment. We performed a retrospective cross-sectional study in a Norwegian university hospital. Using the ICD-10-classification, we selected admissions for abscess, cellulitis and erysipelas from two subsequent years and excluded non-IVDUs. From the patient charts we collected information about demographic data, a...

  17. Behandling af højt blodtryk hos patienter med akut apopleksi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, T S; Jørgensen, H S; Garde, E;

    1995-01-01

    The study was performed to investigate how often reduction of high blood pressure (> or = 220 mmHg systolic and or > or = 120 mmHg diastolic) was attempted in patients with acute stroke or transient ischemic attacks (TIA). Of 1351 consecutive patients with acute stroke or TIA 119 had high blood...

  18. Akut iliofemoral venøs trombose bør behandles med kateterbaseret trombolyse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broholm, Rikke; Just, Sven; Jørgensen, Maja;

    2012-01-01

    Treatment of acute iliofemoral deep venous thrombosis (DVT) with catheter-directed thrombolysis (CDT) has been performed in Denmark since 1999. The purpose of CDT is to dissolve thrombus and to restore the venous lumen as fast as possible and thereby save venous valve function and prevent...... postthrombotic syndrome. Danish studies have shown that treatment of acute iliofemoral DVT using CDT results in good patency, preserves venous valve function, reduces the frequency of PTS, and is associated with a higher quality of life....

  19. Behandling af kardiogent shock med perkutan mekanisk cirkulationsstøtte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Junker, Anders; Kaltoft, Anne Kjer; Hassager, Christian;

    2013-01-01

    Despite rapid revascularisation with circulatory support using inotropes and intra-aortic balloon counterpulsation, the mortality of cardiogenic shock complicating acute myocardial infarction still exceeds 50%. An alternative treatment strategy is restoration of cardiac output by using...... a ventricular assist device which can be inserted in the acute setting using the Impella device, a catheter-based flow pump. DanShock is a Danish multicentre study that will assess whether circulatory support using the Impella device will improve the outcome of cardiogenic shock compared to conventional...

  20. Forekomst, kausalitet og behandling af polyneuropati associeret til monoklonal gammopati af ukendt signifikans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moth Henriksen, Marie; Kolmos, Eva Brøsted; Abildgaard, Niels;

    2012-01-01

    The prevalence of polyneuropathy in patients with monoclonal gammopathy of undetermined significance (MGUS) has been reported to be 10-50%. The majority of patients have a chronic, slowly progressive, distal, symmetric and predominantly sensory polyneuropathy. A caused relationship between...... polyneuropathy and immunoglobulin (Ig)M MGUS is better established than the relationship between polyneuropathy and IgG/IgA MGUS because of the observed binding of IgM to myelin sheaths and widening of myelin lamellae. In randomized controlled trials plasma exchange, immunosuppressive, rituximab and intravenous...

  1. Terapeuters forståelse og behandling av pasienter med psykose: en kvalitativ studie.

    OpenAIRE

    Due-Tønnessen, Maria; Erdal-Aase, Ragna

    2007-01-01

    This is a qualitative study based on interviews with 12 psychotherapists, that each have significant experience of individual psychotherapy with patients with psychosis. The aim of the study is to examine how psychosis is understood and how patients with psychosis are currently treated by therapists in Norway. The interviews were analysed using hermeneutic-fenomenological methods with elements from Consensual Qualitative Research. The results show a broad range both in the therapists’ underst...

  2. Svær hyponatriæmi ved Terlipressin behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Anja; Krag, Aleksander

    2013-01-01

    to terlipressin treatment. A 60-year-old woman with bleeding oesophageal varices was treated with terlipressin 2 mg every fourth hour. After 24 hours of treatment she was somnolent, and the sodium concentration had dropped from 127 mmol/l to 107 mmol/l. Hyponatraemia is an important adverse event in terlipressin...

  3. Hvordan kan mindfulness-basert behandling hjelpe for pasienter med tinnitus?

    OpenAIRE

    Valle, Linda

    2014-01-01

    Tinnitus is a common and severe disorder presenting big health issues for the many people affected. The fact that not all people are affected by their tinnitus, have been a puzzle for scientists. This has led to an expanded psychological view of tinnitus over time. Tinnitus as a functional disorder, is first of all a medical disorder, and treatment has been oriented from an audiological perspective. Studies and neurophysiology has shown tinnitus to be a transdiagnostic disorder, which mean th...

  4. Ultralydskanning ved diagnostik og behandling af hoftedysplasi. Vurdering af en selektiv screeningsprocedure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strandberg, C.; Konradsen, L.A.; Ellitsgaard, N.;

    2008-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: With the intention of reducing the treatment frequency of Developmental Dysplasia of the Hip (DDH), two hospitals in Copenhagen implemented a screening and treatment procedure based on selective referral to ultrasonography of the hip (US). This paper describes and evaluates...... 0.03%. No relationship was seen between morphological parameters at the first US and the outcome of hips classified as minor dysplastic or not fully developed (NFD). A statistically significant relationship was seen between the degree of dysplasia and the time until US normalization of the hips (p......= 0.02). There was no relapse of dysplasia after treatment. The median duration of treatment was six, eight and nine weeks for mild, moderate and severe dysplasia respectively. CONCLUSION: The procedure resulted in a low rate of treatment and a small number of late diagnosed cases. Prediction...

  5. Medikamentel behandling af cancerrelateret traethed--en gennemgang af et Cochrane-review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Lise; Palshof, Torben

    2009-01-01

    The data and the conclusions of the Cochrane review of drug therapy for the management of cancer related fatigue (CRF) is analysed and summarized in this report. Overall, data is weakened substantially by a high degree of heterogeneity that stems primarily from the fact that fatigue is a subjective...

  6. Glucagon-like peptide 1-baseret behandling af type 2-diabetes mellitus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knop, Filip Krag; Vilsbøll, Tina

    2007-01-01

    GLP-1 is secreted from the small intestine in response to ingestion of nutrients. It has a powerful insulinotropic effect and stimulates beta-cell growth and is therefore being developed for treatment of type 2 diabetes. The GLP-1 analogue, exenatide, is on the market in the USA as an add......-on therapy. Another strategy to increase circulating GLP-1 is to inhibit the enzyme DPP-IV which degrades endogenous GLP-1. GLP-1-based therapy results in HbA1c reductions of approximately 1 percent point, and the lack of serious side effects and the low risk of hypoglycaemic episodes are unique traits....

  7. Rapid eye movement sleep behavior disorder--diagnostik, årsager og behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zoetmulder, Marielle; Jennum, Poul Jørgen

    2009-01-01

    Rapid eye movement (REM) sleep behaviour disorder (RBD) is characterized by loss of REM sleep and related electromyographic atonia with marked muscular activity and dream enactment behaviour. RBD is seen in 0.5% of the population. It occurs in an idiopathic form and secondarily to medical...

  8. Idrætstraumatologi og artroskopi--fra videnskab til klinisk behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krogsgaard, Michael Rindom

    2012-01-01

    Since the first knee arthroscopy in 1912, it is routine to scope all joints and many extra-articular structures. The effect of arthroscopic procedures in overuse conditions is sparsely documented and should be investigated in randomized studies, but score systems to evaluate clinical effects are ...... are lacking. An increased understanding of tissue reaction to loading and ligament healing as well as neuromuscular control is likely to change the basic principles of treatment and prevention in relation to sports injuries....

  9. Alternativ behandling i Danmark--brug, brugere og årsager til brug

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lønroth, Helle Langhoff; Ekholm, Ola

    2006-01-01

    : The survey revealed that 40.2% had ever used CAM and 20.1% had used CAM within the last year. Of those reporting having used CAM ever, reflexology (22.7%), massage/osteopathy/other manipulative techniques (16.5%) and acupuncture (16.2%) were the most frequently used. The use of CAM was more common among...

  10. Reliability of the thyroid stimulating hormone receptor antibodies level determination in diagnosing and prognosing of immunogenic hyperthyroidism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aleksić Aleksandar Z.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Graves disease (GD is defined as hyperthyroidism with diffuse goiter caused by immunogenic disturbances. Antibodies to the thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH receptors of thyroid gland (TRAb have crucial pathogenetic importance in the development and maintenance of autoimmune hyperthyroidism. The aim of this study was to identify sensitivity, specificity, positive an negative predictive value of TRAb level in sera of patients with GD as well as to estimate significance of TRAb level for remission and GD relapses occurrence. Methods. We studied prospectively and partly retrospectively 149 patients, 109 female and 40 male patients, 5-78 years old, in the period 1982-2007. There were 96 patients with GD. The control group consisted of 53 patients, 21 with hyperthyroidism of second etiology and 32 patients on amiodarone therapy, with or without thyroid dysfunction TRAb was measured by radioreceptor assay (TRAK Assay and DYNO Test TRAK Human Brahms Diagnostica GMBH. Results. According to the results the sensitivity (Sn of TRAb test was 80%, specificity (Sp 100%, positive predictive value (PP 100% and negative predictive value (NP 83%. Also, the Sn of hTRAb test was 94%, Sp 100%, PP 100% and NP 94%. Our results show that an increased level of TRAb/hTRAb at the beginning of the disease and the level at the end of medical therapy is associated with an increased number of GD relapses and a shorter remission duration. Conclusion. Detection and measurement of TRAb in serum is a very sensitive method for diagnosing GD and very highly specific in vitro method for differential diagnosis of various forms of hyperthyroidism. Clinical significance of differentiating various forms of hyperthyroidism, using this in vitro assay, lays in adequate therapeutic choice for these entities.

  11. Comparison of Existing Clinical Scoring Systems in Predicting Severity and Prognoses of Hyperlipidemic Acute Pancreatitis in Chinese Patients

    OpenAIRE

    Qiu, Lei; Sun, Rui Qing; Jia, Rong Rong; Ma, Xiu Ying; Cheng, Li; Tang, Mao Chun; Zhao, Yan

    2015-01-01

    Abstract It is important to identify the severity of acute pancreatitis (AP) in the early course of the disease. Clinical scoring systems may be helpful to predict the prognosis of patients with early AP; however, few analysts have forecast the accuracy of scoring systems for the prognosis in hyperlipidemic acute pancreatitis (HLAP). The purpose of this study was to summarize the clinical characteristics of HLAP and compare the accuracy of conventional scoring systems in predicting the progno...

  12. Circulating microRNAs: a novel class of potential biomarkers for diagnosing and prognosing central nervous system diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, Xue-Feng; Wu, Ning; Wang, Lv; Li, Jin

    2013-07-01

    As a class of important endogenous small noncoding RNAs that regulate gene expression at the posttranscriptional level, microRNAs (miRNAs) play a critical role in many physiological and pathological processes. It is believed that miRNAs contribute to the development, differentiation, and synaptic plasticity of the neurons, and their dysregulation has been linked to a series of diseases. MiRNAs exist in the tissues and as circulating miRNAs in several body fluids, including plasma or serum, cerebrospinal fluid, urine, and saliva. There are significant differences between the circulating miRNA expression profiles of healthy individuals and those of patients. Consequently, circulating miRNAs are likely to become a novel class of noninvasive and sensitive biomarkers. Although little is known about the origin and functions of circulating miRNAs at present, their roles in the clinical diagnosis and prognosis of diseases make them attractive markers, particularly for tumors and cardiovascular diseases. Until now, however, there have been limited data regarding the roles of circulating miRNAs in central nervous system (CNS) diseases. This review focuses on the characteristics of circulating miRNAs and their values as potential biomarkers in CNS diseases, particularly in Alzheimer's disease, Huntington's disease, multiple sclerosis, schizophrenia, and bipolar disorder. PMID:23633081

  13. Forecasting load curve lines for different types of application. Ein Verfahren zur Prognose von Lastganglinien fuer unterschiedliche Einsatzbereiche

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Albers, K. (Vereinigte Elektrizitaetswerke Westfalen AG, Dortmund (Germany). Abt. Netzautomation); Stelzner, P. (Vereinigte Elektrizitaetswerke Westfalen AG, Dortmund (Germany). Abt. Netzautomation)

    1993-03-08

    An energy supply company has to take many future-oriented decisions in attempting to fulfill the task given to it by law, e.g. to provide the best possible services. Good forecasting techniques are the basis for many of these decisions on future performance in the interest of the customers. The method of load curve forecasting for different applications which is introduced here was designed in such a way as to yield good results, provide transparency of procedures and be widely applicable. For the last four years this method has been used successfully for optimising the use of power stations. (orig.)

  14. ELBE - Validation and improvement of load prognoses (project phase 1); ELBE - Validierung und Verbesserung von Lastprognosen (Projektphase 1)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kronig, P.; Waelchli, U.; Zuercher, S. [BKW FMB Energie AG, Bern (Switzerland); Hoeckel, M. [Berner Fachhochschule, Biel (Switzerland)

    2009-10-15

    In the project 'Prognosekompetenz' we have identified and quantified by means of a comprehensive analysis of grid and climate data the factors which have a significant impact on the grid load. The study focused in the beginning on the regional data from a big electricity utility. In a second step, additional local data were also considered to better identify climatic and economic characteristics. We found a strong correlation between load, on the one hand, and outdoor temperature and economic activity, on the other hand. The influence of further factors is very limited. On this basis we developed two Matlab-based, easy-to-use tools for the prediction of the daily grid load profile in quarter-of-hour steps. One tool uses the method of the transfer function, where specific correlation factors account for the influential factors. The second tool based on the method of the artificial neuronal network, which had been tuned with data from several years to make sure that a high accuracy is obtained. We could show by self developed testing procedures that for both tools the precision in forecasting the daily load profile is very high. (authors)

  15. Monocyte chemotactic protein-1 expression as a prognosic biomarker in patients with solid tumor: a meta analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, Hong; Zhang, Qiongwen; Kong, Hongyu; Zeng, Yunhui; Hao, Meiqin; Yu, Ting; Peng, Jing; Xu, Zhao; Chen, Jingquan; Shi, Huashan

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: A great deal of studies have been performed on the prognostic value of monocyte chemotactic protein-1 (MCP-1) in solid tumors in recent years. However, no consistent outcomes are reported. Therefore, the prognostic value of MCP-1 still remains controversial in patients with solid tumors. Here we aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of MCP-1 expression for patients with solid tumors. Methods: Comprehensive literature was selected from PUBMED and EMBASE and clinical studies which rep...

  16. Analyse af forhøjet NO2 niveau i København og prognose for 2010

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berkowicz, R.; Palmgren, F.; Jensen, S. S.;

    Niveauet af NO2 på H.C. Andersens Boulevard i København overskrider EU's grænseværdi. Medlemslandene er under sådanne omstændigheder forpligtet til at træffe foranstaltninger for at sikre, at der udarbejdes et program, som sikrer, at grænseværdien overholdes inden for den fastsatte tidsfrist. En...... analyse af måledata samt modelberegninger med emissioner, som forventes for året 2010 viser, at reduktionen i trafikkens emissioner vil ikke være tilstrækkelig til at bringe NO2-niveauet på H.C. Andersens Boulevard under EU's grænseværdi på 40 µg/m3...

  17. Impact of treatment time-related factors on prognoses and radiation proctitis after definitive chemoradiotherapy for cervical cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Eng-Yen; Lin, Hao; Wang, Chong-Jong; Chanchien, Chan-Chao; Ou, Yu-Che

    2016-09-01

    This study aimed to investigate the impact of treatment time-related factors on outcomes and radiation proctitis in patients undergoing concurrent chemoradiotherapy (CCRT) for cervical cancer. From September 2001 to December 2012, 146 patients with stage IIB cervical squamous cell carcinoma treated with CCRT were reviewed from a prospective cohort. Patients who received the same dose (45 Gy) of external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) were included in the analysis (n = 125). The same equivalent dose of 2 Gy (EQD2) of high-dose-rate intracavitary brachytherapy (HDR-ICBT) was delivered at either 4 fractions of 6 Gy or 6 fractions of 4.5 Gy. The effects of the overall treatment time (OTT) and interval between EBRT and HDR-ICBT on the cancer-specific survival (CSS), local recurrence (LR), and incidence of proctitis were compared. The treatment time-related factors did not adversely affect the CSS and LR rates. The multivariate analyses did not identify the OTT as an independent factor of CSS (P = 0.839) and LR (P = 0.856). However, OTT ≤56 days (P = 0.026) was identified as the only independent factor of overall proctitis. The 5-year Grade 2 or greater proctitis rates were 14.9% and 0% (P = 0.001) in patients with the EBRT to ICBT interval ≤5 days and >5 days, respectively. To reduce rectal damage without compromising prognosis, the gap between EBRT and HDR-ICBT should exceed 5 days in cervical cancer patients undergoing CCRT. Strictly limiting the OTT to 56 days may result in radiation proctitis without improvements in prognosis.

  18. Entwicklung von Verfahren zur Prognose des Ertrags großflächiger Energieversorgungssysteme auf der Basis von Satelliteninformationen

    OpenAIRE

    Reise, Christian

    2004-01-01

    Werden Photovoltaik- und Windkraftwerke in großem Maße zur Stromerzeugung in bestehenden Energieversorgungsnetzen eingesetzt, müssen die Auswirkungen der Fluktuationen der Energieeinspeisung in diese Netze untersucht werden. Die Arbeit konzentriert sich zunächst auf die photovoltaische Stromerzeugung und stellt statistische Untersuchungen zur Gleichzeitigkeit und zur Variabilität der solaren Einstrahlung an. Als wesentliche Quelle für Einstrahlungsdaten dienen in dieser Arbeit Bilddaten des e...

  19. Medfødt hydrocephalus--forekomst og prognose. Mortalitet og morbiditet i en populationsbaseret opgørelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Jacob Haaber; Hansen, Lars Kjaersgård; Garne, Ester

    2003-01-01

    The aim was to describe the prevalence and to estimate the prognosis of congenital hydrocephalus (HC) in fetuses and children.......The aim was to describe the prevalence and to estimate the prognosis of congenital hydrocephalus (HC) in fetuses and children....

  20. Prognose der regionalen Verteilung der Beschäftigung in Ostdeutschland (Forecasting the regional distribution of employment in East Germany)

    OpenAIRE

    Seitz, Helmut

    1996-01-01

    "The report is part of the REGARIS (Regional Labour Market Information System) project and presents forecasts of the regional distribution of employment by sector in East Germany for the period up to 1997. Empirical studies on regional labour markets in East Germany are handicapped by the short history of the East German market economy as well as the frequent redefinitions of administrative regions. These problems enforce the usage of very simple estimation and forecasting procedures. In fore...

  1. Evaluation of CD25-positive cells in relation to the subtypes and prognoses in various lymphoid tumours in dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizutani, Noriyuki; Goto-Koshino, Yuko; Tsuboi, Masaya; Kagawa, Yumiko; Ohno, Koichi; Uchida, Kazuyuki; Tsujimoto, Hajime

    2016-05-01

    Interleukin-2 receptor alpha chain (CD25) expression has been reported in human lymphoid tumours and suggested to correlate with the prognosis. In this study, we detected CD25-positive cells in various types of lymphoid tumours in dogs. Immunohistochemical analyses of the tissues from diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) (n = 6), T-zone lymphoma (TZL) (n = 5), and follicular lymphoma (FL) (n = 2) revealed that cells strongly positive for CD25 were observed generally in accordance with lymphoma cell localization. CD25-positive cells were consistently detected in TZL and FL cases; however, the number of CD25-positive cells was variable among DLBCL cases. Furthermore, we evaluated the rate of CD25-positive cells by flow cytometric analysis in 29 dogs with lymphoid malignancies, including high-grade B-cell lymphoma (n = 17), TZL (n = 5), FL (n = 2), cutaneous lymphoma (n=2), and acute lymphoblastic leukaemia (ALL) (n = 3). CD25-positivity in the lymph node cells was significantly higher in dogs with high-grade B-cell lymphoma (mean ± SD, 49.6 ± 31.3%) or TZL (mean ± SD, 80.2 ± 10.0%) than that in healthy dogs (mean ± SD, 9.8 ± 2.8%). In prognostic analysis of 15 cases with high-grade B-cell lymphoma, the progression-free survival was significantly shorter in CD25-high group than that in CD25-low group. The results obtained in this study are useful for subtype differentiation and prognostic analysis of canine lymphomas and future development of molecular-targeted therapy directed at CD25.

  2. The influence of climate changes on carbon cycle in the russian forests. Data inventory and long-scale model prognoses

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kokorin, A.O.; Nazarov, I.M.; Lelakin, A.L. [Inst. Global Climate and Ecology, Moscow (Russian Federation)

    1995-12-31

    The growing up climate changes arise the question about reaction of forests. Forests cover 770 Mha in Russia and are giant carbon reservoir. Climate changes cause disbalance in carbon budget that give additional CO{sub 2} exchange between forests and the atmosphere. The aim of the work is estimation of these fluxes. This problem is directly connected with an GHG inventory, vulnerability and mitigation assessment, which are necessary for future Russian Reports to UN FCCC. The work includes the following steps: (1) Collection of literature data as well as processing of the experimental data on influence of climate changes on forests, (2) Calculation of carbon budget as base for calculations of CO{sub 2} fluxes, (3) Developing of new version of CCBF (Carbon and Climate in Boreal Forests) model, (4) Model estimations of current and future CO{sub 2} fluxes caused by climate changes, forest cuttings, fires and reforestation

  3. Suitable reference genes for real-time PCR in human HBV-related hepatocellular carcinoma with different clinical prognoses

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Housekeeping genes are routinely used as endogenous references to account for experimental differences in gene expression assays. However, recent reports show that they could be de-regulated in different diseases, model animals, or even under varied experimental conditions, which may lead to unreliable results and consequently misinterpretations. This study focused on the selection of suitable reference genes for quantitative PCR in human hepatitis B virus (HBV)-related hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) with different clinical outcomes. We evaluated 6 commonly used housekeeping genes' expression levels in 108 HBV-related HCCs' matched tumor and non-tomor tissue samples with different clinical outcomes and 26 normal liver specimens by real-time PCR. The expression stability of the 6 genes was compared using the software programs geNorm and NormFinder. To show the impact of reference genes on data analysis, we took PGK1 as a target gene normalized by each reference gene, and performed one-way ANOVA and the equivalence test. With the geNorm and NormFinder software programs, analysis of TBP and HPRT1 showed the best stability in all tissue samples, while 18s and ACTB were less stable. When 18s or ACTB was used for normalization, no significant difference of PGK1 expression (p > 0.05) was found among HCC tissues with and without metastasis, and normal liver specimens; however, dramatically differences (p < 0.001) were observed when either TBP or the combination of TBP and HPRT1 were selected as reference genes. TBP and HPRT1 are the most reliable reference genes for q-PCR normalization in HBV-related HCC specimens. However, the well-used ACTB and 18S are not suitable, which actually lead to the misinterpretation of the results in gene expression analysis

  4. Behandling af våd aldersrelateret makuladegeneration med vaskulaer endotel vaekstfaktorhaemmer. Gennemgang af et Cochrane-review

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bloch, Sara Brandi; Larsen, Michael

    2009-01-01

    This evaluation of a Cochrane-review including five clinical trials of good methodological quality indicates that the antiangiogenic therapeutic agents, pegaptanib and ranibizumab, are effective treatment strategies for neovascular Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD). The review does not inclu...

  5. ACE-inhibitorer er fortsat førstevalg ved behandling af hjertesvigt--en gennemgang af et Cochranereview

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gadsbøll, Niels; Torp-Pedersen, Christian Tobias

    2013-01-01

    A new Cochrane metaanalysis has reviewed the literature on the use of angiotensin receptor blockers (ARB) in patients with heart failure and left ventricular systolic dysfunction. The conclusion supports the present recommendation from the European Society of Cardiology that angiotensin convertin...... enzyme inhibitors (ACE-I) are first choice and that ARBs should be reserved to patients who are intolerant to ACE-Is. Neither ACE-Is nor ARBs are effective in the treatment of heart failure patients with normal left ventricular function....

  6. Like problem - ulike valg. En studie av Norges nei til heroinassistert behandling i lys av Sveits sitt ja

    OpenAIRE

    Horn, Erlend Andreas

    2013-01-01

    Most countries in the world have problems related to drug use. The use of heroin especially have from the 1960s and onwards led to gatherings of drug addicts in public spaces (often referred to as open drug scenes), overdose related deaths and the spread of diseases such as HIV and Hepatitis C. Different countries have chosen different solutions in face of these problems. One approach some countries have sorted to is heroin-assisted treatment for those addicts that ...

  7. Behandling af renovaskulær hypertension med transluminal angioplastik--13 års erfaring--sekundærpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Øvrehus, Kristian Altern; Andersen, Poul Erik; Jacobsen, Ib Abildgaard

    2008-01-01

    The result of treatment of renovascular hypertension by renal angioplasty over a period of 13 years was analysed. Patients with a positive diagnostic work-up with renography or renal vein renin measurement had renal angiography performed and in cases of renal artery stenosis, transluminal...... angioplasty. A total of 124 patients were treated; 31% were normotensive immediately after angioplasty, 59% had improved blood pressure control and 10% had unchanged hypertension. The corresponding figures after six months and at the latest follow-up were 13, 72 and 15%. Udgivelsesdato: 2008-Jan-21...

  8. Kirurgisk behandling af renovaskulaer hypertension forårsaget af nyrearteriestenose. En retrospektiv opgørelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hensler, M K; Forrest, M; Schroeder, T V;

    1994-01-01

    months. At follow-up (median 65 months), 85% of the patients had normal blood pressure or either no, modest or considerably reduced anti-hypertensive medication. It is concluded that surgical treatment of renovascular hypertension is a safe and effective procedure.......During a 10 year period 58 patients with renovascular hypertension due to renal artery stenosis were treated surgically. A retrospective analysis of the results was carried out. No perioperative mortalities occurred. Ten percent of the patients developed hypertension again after an average of 27...

  9. Cadmium in willow plantations - municipal waste products as fertilizers; Kadmiumhalt i Salixodlingar efter behandling med kommunala restprodukter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hasselgren, K. [ENVIRO Miljoekonsult (Sweden)

    1995-07-01

    Plantations of willows (i.e. Salix spp) seem to absorb cadmium (Cd) from arable land to a greater extent than other plant cultivations. Thus, energy forestry, based upon cultivation of Salix, could possibly be used for biofuel production in combination with biological purification of arable land contaminated with Cd by atmospheric deposition and P fertilizers during the passed 100 years. Application of sewage sludge (5-7 ppm Cd of dry solids) up to 550 g Cd per hectare, or 140 g Cd hectare and year, resulted in clearly increased concentrations of Cd in the upper 10 cm layer of the soil. In deeper soil layers the differences compared with control plots were small. Lower rates of sludge application, corresponding to less than 70 g added per hectare and year, did not materially affect the Cd-content in the soil irrespective of layer. A general pattern was that the content of Cd in plant tissues decreased with increased stem diameter, increased age of stems and stands as well as increased biomass growth. Thus, concentrations of Cd in Salix material, in clones from some of the first generation of energy forest plants (S. viminalis, S. dasyclados and S. schwerinii). were fairly high in young stands. In general, 1-year-old shoots contained 5-6 ppm Cd of dry solids in stems and 10-15 ppm in leaves. In older shoots, up to three years, and older stands, up to six years, the Cd contents decreased to 1-2 ppm Cd and 2-4 ppm Cd of dry solids for stems and leaves, respectively. Abundant supplies of water and nutrients seem to stimulate the Cd uptake in Salix in terms of higher concentrations in plant tissues as well as higher plant growth levels compared with conventional energy forestry. Stands with older stems, not irrigated and not fully fertilized resulted in uptake rates in the range of 10-30 g Cd per hectare and year. 14 refs, 9 figs, 1 tab

  10. Primary argon laser trabeculoplasty in the treatment of glaucoma; A resource saving treatment. Primaer lasertrabekuloplastikk ved glaukom; En resurssparende behandling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Odberg, T. (Hamar Regional Hospital (Norway))

    1990-11-01

    During the last ten years, argon laser trabeculoplasty has been shown to be a very useful tool in the treatment of glaucoma when medical therapy has failed. In the present study laser was used as primary therapy in 27 patients with newly detected glaucoma. Pretreatment with topical timolol gave an immediate pressure drop in all eyes, and the dreaded actue pressure rise after laser treatment was avoided. Upon follow-up examination after two years, more than half the patients had an intraocular pressure below 21 mm Hg without additional therapy. Primary laser trabeculoplasty was found to be a safe and time-saving procedure. Expenses and complications associated with medical therapy are reduced. Many patients may avoid lifelong daily instillation of eye drops. 11 refs., 2 tabs.

  11. Angiotensin I konverteringshaemmeren enalapril til behandling af progredierende kronisk nefropati. En åben randomiseret kontrolleret undersøgelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kamper, A L; Strandgaard, S; Leyssac, P P

    1993-01-01

    In order to study the influence of angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibition on the progression of chronic nephropathy, 70 patients with a median glomerular filtration rate (GFR) of 15 (range, 6 to 54) mL/min/1.73 m2 were randomised in an open study to basic treatment with enalapril...... or conventional antihypertensive treatment. The patients were followed for at least two years or until they needed dialysis. The therapeutic goal, was a blood pressure of 120 ti 140/80 to 90 mmHg. In the enalapril group, the median decline in GFR was -0.20 (range, +0.18 to -7.11) mL/min/1.73 m2/month...

  12. Fatal blødning ved operation for hoftenær fraktur hos en patient i behandling med dabigatran

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Lasse Enkebølle; Viberg, Bjarke L; Pottegård, Anton

    2015-01-01

    An 82-year-old woman in treatment with the thrombin inhibitor dabigatran etexilate (a new oral anticoagulant (NOAC)) was admitted with a subtrochanteric femoral fracture and surgery was initiated 15 hours after admittance. She had a blood loss of 6,000 ml and died the next morning from multi...

  13. Environmental and socio-economic analysis of treatment of biological waste; Miljoe- och samhaellsekonomisk analys av behandling av biologiskt avfall

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ljungkvist, Hanna

    2008-01-15

    Biogas is a renewable fuel that can be extracted from anaerobic digestion of many different substrates, for example biological household waste. An alternative handling of the waste is to mix it with other wastes and incinerate it in a combined heat and power (CHP) plant. This study uses life cycle assessment to investigate which type of waste handling that is better from an environmental point of view, anaerobic digestion with biogas production or incineration. The results are based on a case study of a biogas production plant owned by the company Ragn-Sells in Vaenersborg. The alternative is incineration at a CHP plant in Gothenburg. Three different weighting methods were used, which produced different results on the detailed level. Overall however, the alternative with digestion and biogas production had significantly lower potential environmental impact than incineration according to all three methods. An economic valuation of the biogas production potential showed that the biggest societal savings would result from using all the produced biogas in heavy vehicles or to replace fuel oil for heating. However, since biogas is a high quality fuel it should be used as transportation fuel rather than for heating. By digestion and biogas production many potential services are gained from the organic waste. Waste volumes are reduced, emissions from the transport sector are reduced, local air quality is improved and valuable nutrients are returned to farmland through the organic fertilizer produced. The infrastructure and knowledge built up around the biogas system is also very valuable as a bridge to future gas based transport systems

  14. Fototerapi av nyfødte med hyperbilirubinemi: behov for bedre behandling og oppfølging, 93-98

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ellen B. Roll

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available   Lysbehandling av nyfødte med gulsott har vært brukt i mer enn 30 år uten at metoden har blitt videreutvikleti noen særlig grad. Man regner med at mellom 5 og 10% av alle nyfødte blir lysbehandlet. Behandlingengjennomføres ved at barnet legges i synlig lys fra spesielle fototerapilamper i mange timer, opptilflere dager. Lysets bølgelengde og intensitet har stor betydning for effektiviteten av behandlingen, og enskal ikke se bort fra risikoen for bivirkninger. Resultater av behandlingen bør undersøkes grundigere, bådefor å vurdere hvor mye bilirubinmengden reduseres, og for å oppdage mulige bivirkninger. Med tanke påbivirkninger kan det ta mer enn 30 år før disse er manifestert. Oppfølgingsstudier som har blitt foretatt, kanha for små tidsrammer, og det kan være spørsmål om det er lyseffekter eller effekter av bilirubintoksisitetsom har blitt registrert. Målet med vårt kliniske og eksperimentelle arbeid på området er å foreta studiersom kan bidra til at behandlingen kan bli mer optimal, særlig med hensyn til lysets intensitet og bølgelengde.I vårt epidemiologiske arbeid ønsker vi å se på langtidseffekter av lysbehandling, spesielt kreftutvikling(lymfatisk leukemi og malignt melanom.Roll EB, Christensen T. Phototherapy of newborns with hyperbilirubinemia – need for better  . Nor J Epidemiol 1997; 7 (1: 93-98.  ENGLISH SUMMARYTreating jaundiced newborns with artificial light has been done for the last three decades without substantialimprovements of the method. It can be estimated that between 5 and 10% of all newborns receivephototherapy. The standard treatment is the use of artificial, visible light sources for many hours up toseveral days. The wavelength and intensity of the light are factors influencing the effect of the treatment,however, the risk for long-term side effects should be considered. The results of the treatment need morethorough investigation for two purposes; to evaluate the therapeutic efficiency and to look for potential sideeffects. Furthermore, recognition of side effects may take more time than three decades. Follow-up studieshave raised the question whether these study-periods are sufficiently long and whether a clear distinctionbetween the effects of the light itself and the neurotoxic effects of bilirubin have been made. The aim of ourexperimental and clinical investigations is to optimize the phototherapy, particularly with respect to lightintensity and wavelength. Our epidemiological work will address long-term side effects of phototherapy,particularly in relation to cancer development (lymphocytic leukemia and malignant melanoma.treatment and follow-upSAMMENDRAG

  15. Behandling af reumatoid artrit med anti-tumornekrosefaktor-alpha-antistof. Individuel monitorering af biotilgaengelighed og immunogenicitet-- sekundaerpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendtzen, Klaus; Geborek, Pierre; Svenson, Morten;

    2007-01-01

    Remicade/infliximab is effective in rheumatoid arthritis (RA), but response failure is frequent. Sera from 106 RA patients were monitored using an RIA for functional infliximab and an RIA for anti-infliximab antibody (Ab). S-infliximab varied considerably, e.g. 0-22 microg/ml before the 3rd infus...

  16. Indacaterol er en én gang dagligt inhaleret β 2-agonist til behandling af kronisk obstruktiv lungesygdom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulrik, Charlotte Suppli

    2010-01-01

    The aim of pharmacological treatment of COPD is best possible disease control. Bronchodilators are accepted as the mainstay of COPD therapy. This short review focuses on the available data on indacaterol - a new once-daily beta2-agonist. The analysed studies show that indacaterol has clinically i...... important effects on quality of life, dyspnoea, level of FEV1, hyperinflation, and exacerbation rate in patients with COPD. Indacaterol is therefore in the near future expected to be an important part of maintenance therapy for patients with COPD....

  17. Nedsat gevinst og højere omkostninger ved ukritisk endovaskulær behandling af abdominalt aortaaneurisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindholt, Jes S.; Søgaard, Rikke; Laustsen, Jesper

    2014-01-01

    A rapid increase in endovascular aortic repair (EVAR) procedures for treatment of asymptomatic abdominal aortic aneurysms has occurred in Denmark. However, the newest level 1A evidence suggests that unrestricted use of EVAR in patients suitable for open repair lead to lower benefit and higher total...... costs as compared with open surgery. Amongst cases with relative and absolute contraindications for open surgery, use of EVAR is likely to lead to more benefit, however at a relatively high cost per quality-adjusted life year (QALY). This calls for a more restrictive use....

  18. Fortsat behov for både endovaskulær og åben kirurgisk behandling af abdominalt aortaaneurisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de la Motte, Louise; Jensen, Leif Panduro

    2012-01-01

    Abdominal aortic aneurysm can be treated by open surgical repair or by endovascular repair (EVAR) - a less invasive procedure, with lower 30-day mortality and morbidity rates. Twelve studies have been evaluated. The results indicate that for large aneurysms > 5.5 cm, EVAR can be recommended...... for patients with intermediate to high operative risk. For younger patients, with low operative risk, OR is the preferred method, in light of the continued small risk of rupture after EVAR and the need for lifelong surveillance....

  19. Præhospital behandling ved større udendørs musikfestival. Økonomiske aspekter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, J B; Larsen, C F

    1994-01-01

    An emergency facility was provided at the Midtfyn Rock Music Festival in 1990 (comprising 7,000 musicians and ancillaries and an overall public attendance of 60,000). A total of 329 patients were treated at the facility during the four and a half days that the festival lasted. The numbers...

  20. Metadonbehandling inom ramen för svensk narkotikapolitik : en litteraturstudie om en behandling mellan vetenskap och ideologi

    OpenAIRE

    Stjernberg-Cagenius, Maria

    2005-01-01

    Uppsatsens syfte var att belysa och analysera ideologiska samt vetenskapsbaserade aspekter kring den kontroversiella metadonbehandlingen, för att öka förståelsen för dagens pågående debatt. Uppsatsens frågeställningar var: · Hur har utformningen av och debatten kring metadonbehandlingen sett ut från 1960-talet och fram till 2000-talet? · Hur kan denna utformning och debatt förstås? För att uppnå syftet och besvara frågeställningarna har texter av olika slag studerats, veten-skapliga avhandlin...

  1. Behandling af akut myeloid leukæmi uden transfusion af blodprodukter hos et medlem af Jehovas Vidner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Christian; Jensen, Morten Krogh

    2011-01-01

    We present a case in which a young woman was diagnosed with acute myeloid leukaemia, FAB-classification type M2. As a member of Jehovah's Witnesses she refused to accept any treatment involving blood transfusions. A modified induction and consolidation chemotherapy regimen was applied, tailored...

  2. Forskelle på ordinationsmønstret af analgetika ved behandling af cancersmerter på seks danske smertebehandlingsenheder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olesen, Anne Estrup; Jarvig, Line; Hansen, Ole Bo;

    2007-01-01

    analgesics were prescribed for 40% of the patients while 50% of the patients were treated with paracetamol and/or NSAID. According to the medical records 79% of the patients were prescribed analgesics for breakthrough pain. 73% of the 347 patients had strong opioids prescribed for breakthrough pain....... For the treatment of background pain opioids were prescribed for the majority of the cancer patients. Morphine and oxycodone were prescribed most frequently. Secondary analgesics and paracetamol and/or NSAID were also prescribed for background pain. The strong opioids were prescribed for the treatment...

  3. Forskning i ergoterapeutisk behandling indenfor neurorehabilitering - en stor udfordring og nødvendighed!

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schow, Trine

    2011-01-01

    Ph.d. afhandling har haft til formål at bidrage hertil: Research in rehabilitation treatment for patients with severe Traumatic Brain Injury: Mapping complex therapeutic procedures and developing measures of adherence and treatment outcome.Exemplified by swallowing problems and Facial Oral Tract...

  4. Skandinaviske kliniske retningslinjer for præhospital behandling af patienter med svære hovedtraumer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Juul, Niels; Sollid, Snorre; Sundstrøm, Terje;

    2008-01-01

    Head trauma causes the death of many young persons. The number of fatalities can be reduced through systematic management. Preventing secondary brain injury together with the fastest possible transport to a neurosurgical unit has been shown to be effective in reducing mortality and morbidity...

  5. Behandling med duodenal-jejunal bypass-sleeve ved svær overvægt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rohde, Ulrich; Gylvin, Silas; Vilmann, Peter;

    2014-01-01

    Overweight and obesity are risk factors for several co-morbidities reducing life expectancy. Conservative treatment of obesity is generally ineffective in the long-term. Bariatric surgery has proven effective, but is associated with potential complications. Duodenal-jejunal bypass sleeve is a novel...

  6. Intrauterin insemination med donorsaed. Behandling af ufrivillig barnløshed på grund af mandlig infertilitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vilsbøll, Tina; Helmsøe-Zinck, Lise; Andersen, A N

    1994-01-01

    Intrauterine insemination with cryopreserved donor semen was performed in 114 women in a total of menstrual 381 cycles during the period 1.2.1991 to 15.5.1993. Eighty-one pregnancies were recorded corresponding to a conception rate of 21% per insemination cycle. After ten cycles the probability of...... conception and expected delivery was respectively 96% and 86%. The results show that intrauterine insemination with donor semen is a good treatment for couples with male infertility. Ultrasonic measurement of the follicles and timing of hCG injection were used for optimal timing of intrauterine donor...... insemination. The quality of the semen used for insemination is important. It is recommended to inseminate with at least two million of spermatozoa where at least 20% have normal motility....

  7. Fedmekirurgi er mere effektiv end medicinsk behandling til opnåelse af remission af type 2-diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klein, Mads; Rosenberg, Jacob; Gögenur, Ismail

    2013-01-01

    Observational studies have shown that bariatric surgery can lead to remission of diabetes mellitus type 2 (DMII), but randomized controlled trials have been lacking. Recently, randomized controlled trials comparing bariatric surgery with optimal medical treatment in patients suffering from poorly...... controlled DMII, have been performed. These trials show that bariatric surgery in general, and the malabsorptive procedures in particular, are more effective than medical treatment in achieving remission of DMII. These procedures should therefore be considered in the treatment of patients with DMII...

  8. Prediction of long-term deformations for offshore wind power plant foundations using an accumulation model; Prognose der Langzeitverformungen fuer Gruendungen von Offshore-Windenergieanlagen mit einem Akkumulationsmodell

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wichtmann, Torsten; Triantafyllidis, Theodoros [Karlsruher Institut fuer Technologie (KIT), Karlsruhe (DE). Inst. fuer Bodenmechanik und Felsmechanik (IBF)

    2011-11-15

    The estimation of long-term deformations for offshore wind power plant foundations (OWPP) is still an unsolved problem. For certain foundation types (e.g. monopiles) simple models have been proposed which still have to be validated for the prototype scale - similar to the method proposed in this paper. The paper describes the estimation of long-term deformations of OWPP foundations by means of the finite-element method (FE) using an accumulation model specially developed for high-cyclic loading. The advantages, compared to the simple engineering models, are the applicability to arbitrary foundation systems and geometries (applicable to monopiles and shallow foundations) and the sound description of soil behaviour based on numerous cyclic laboratory tests. In contrast to models using decoupled springs, the interaction between adjacent soil zones and changes of the soil state parameters during cyclic loading are considered. After a simple presentation of the calculation strategy and the model equations, the calibration of the material parameters from cyclic tests is shown exemplary for an offshore-typical fine sand. The simplified estimation of the parameters based on the grain size distribution curve is also explained. Beside a discussion of the procedure for packages of cycles, exemplary FE-calculations of monopile and gravity foundations are shown. (orig.)

  9. Surface settlements during the tunnel drivage in loose rock. Prognosis, measurement and impact; Oberflaechensetzungen beim Tunnelvortrieb im Lockergestein. Prognose, Messung und Beeinflussung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fillibeck, Jochen [Technische Univ. Muenchen (Germany). Zentrum fuer Geotechnik

    2012-11-01

    The realistic prediction of supplement in tunnel construction is essential to secure the acceptance of the construction measure in the population. In addition to numerical calculations particularly empirical processes are suitable whose input variables are derived from previous experiences. Empirical methods use the Gaussian function for the description of the settlement trough arising from the tunnelling at the surface. The contribution under consideration describes the method of Fillibeck allowing the determination of the input parameters for shotcrete drivages and shield drivages. This empirical method was derived from a large number of carefully selected and inspected measuring cross-sections.

  10. Single-Fraction Versus 5-Fraction Radiation Therapy for Metastatic Epidural Spinal Cord Compression in Patients With Limited Survival Prognoses: Results of a Matched-Pair Analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rades, Dirk, E-mail: Rades.Dirk@gmx.net [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital Lubeck, Lubeck (Germany); Huttenlocher, Stefan [Department of Radiation Oncology, University Hospital Lubeck, Lubeck (Germany); Šegedin, Barbara; Perpar, Ana [Department of Radiotherapy, Institute of Oncology Ljubljana, Ljubljana (Slovenia); Conde, Antonio J.; Garcia, Raquel [Department of Radiation Oncology, Consorcio Hospital Provincial de Castellón, Castellón (Spain); Veninga, Theo [Department of Radiation Oncology, Dr Bernard Verbeeten Institute, Tilburg (Netherlands); Stalpers, Lukas J.A. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Academic Medical Center, Amsterdam (Netherlands); Cacicedo, Jon [Department of Radiation Oncology, Cruces University Hospital, Barakaldo, Vizcaya (Spain); Rudat, Volker [Department of Radiation Oncology, Saad Specialist Hospital, Al Khobar (Saudi Arabia); Schild, Steven E. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Mayo Clinic, Scottsdale, Arizona (United States)

    2015-10-01

    Purpose: This study compared single-fraction to multi-fraction short-course radiation therapy (RT) for symptomatic metastatic epidural spinal cord compression (MESCC) in patients with limited survival prognosis. Methods and Materials: A total of 121 patients who received 8 Gy × 1 fraction were matched (1:1) to 121 patients treated with 4 Gy × 5 fractions for 10 factors including age, sex, performance status, primary tumor type, number of involved vertebrae, other bone metastases, visceral metastases, interval between tumor diagnosis and MESCC, pre-RT ambulatory status, and time developing motor deficits prior to RT. Endpoints included in-field repeated RT (reRT) for MESCC, overall survival (OS), and impact of RT on motor function. Univariate analyses were performed with the Kaplan-Meier method and log-rank test for in-field reRT for MESCC and OS and with the ordered-logit model for effect of RT on motor function. Results: Doses of 8 Gy × 1 fraction and 4 Gy × 5 fractions were not significantly different with respect to the need for in-field reRT for MESCC (P=.11) at 6 months (18% vs 9%, respectively) and 12 months (30% vs 22%, respectively). The RT regimen also had no significant impact on OS (P=.65) and post-RT motor function (P=.21). OS rates at 6 and 12 months were 24% and 9%, respectively, after 8 Gy × 1 fraction versus 25% and 13%, respectively, after 4 Gy × 5 fractions. Improvement of motor function was observed in 17% of patients after 8 Gy × 1 fraction and 23% after 4 Gy × 5 fractions, respectively. Conclusions: There were no significant differences with respect to need for in-field reRT for MESCC, OS, and motor function by dose fractionation regimen. Thus, 8 Gy × 1 fraction may be a reasonable option for patients with survival prognosis of a few months.

  11. Das Ovarialkarzinom - Einfluss von etablierten und nicht etablierten Risikofaktoren zur Abschätzung der Prognose hinsichtlich Rezidivierung und Langzeitüberleben

    OpenAIRE

    Bachmann, Sören

    2009-01-01

    Das Ovarialkarzinom steht an 7. Stelle der malignen Tumoren der Frau. Es hat eine Inzidenz von 23/100.000 Frauen und stellt mit einer Mortalität von 14,5/100.000 die häufigste Todesursache durch gynäkologische Malignome dar. Die Inzidenz steigt mit dem Alter und liegt bei Frauen zwischen 50 und 75 Jahren bei 50/100000. Ziel der vorliegenden Arbeit war, die Risikofaktoren für das Auftreten einer lymphogenen Metastasierung darzulegen sowie deren Einfluß auf das Überleben zu zeigen. Kra...

  12. Between prophecies and prognoses: Januário da Cunha Barbosa, slavery, and the future of the nation (1830-1836

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danilo José Zioni Ferretti

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article aims at understanding the role played by the discussions about slavery and slave trafficking in the literate culture of Brazil in the 19th century, especially regarding the forms of figuring out the future of the nation. The way Canon Januário da Cunha Barbosa, an important politician and an illustrated intellectual, related projections of the future of the nation and treated the slavery issue (from 1830 to 1836 is analyzed. We discuss the use of projection modalities: prophecy and prognosis. Through them, Januário was involved in political discussions regarding the end of slave trafficking, and made political use of the Malê Revolt and Haitianism. The constitution of a horizon of antislavery expectation is indicated by the Canon, which is seen as one of the reasons to create the Brazilian Historic and Geographic Institute (1838.

  13. Identification of two poorly prognosed ovarian carcinoma subtypes associated with CHEK2 germ-line mutation and non-CHEK2 somatic mutation gene signatures

    OpenAIRE

    Ow, Ghim Siong; Ivshina, Anna V.; Fuentes, Gloria; Kuznetsov, Vladimir A

    2014-01-01

    High-grade serous ovarian cancer (HG-SOC), a major histologic type of epithelial ovarian cancer (EOC), is a poorly-characterized, heterogeneous and lethal disease where somatic mutations of TP53 are common and inherited loss-of-function mutations in BRCA1/2 predispose to cancer in 9.5–13% of EOC patients. However, the overall burden of disease due to either inherited or sporadic mutations is not known.     We performed bioinformatics analyses of mutational and clinical data of 334 HG-SOC tumo...

  14. Der Vorhersagewert der Abiturdurchschnittsnote und die Prognose der unterschiedlichen Zulassungsquoten für Studienleistung und -kontinuität im Studiengang Humanmedizin – eine Längsschnittanalyse

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kadmon, Guni

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available [english] Background: The school-leaving GPA and the time since completion of secondary education are the major criteria for admission to German medical schools. However, the predictive value of the school-leaving grade and the admission delay have not been thoroughly examined since the amendment of the Medical Licensing Regulations and the introduction of reformed curricula in 2002. Detailed information on the prognosis of the different admission groups is also missing.Aim: To examine the predictive values of the school-leaving grade and the age at enrolment for academic performance and continuity throughout the reformed medical course.Methods: The study includes the central admission groups “GPA-best” and “delayed admission” as well as the primary and secondary local admission groups of three consecutive cohorts. The relationship between the criteria academic performance and continuity and the predictors school-leaving GPA, enrolment age, and admission group affiliation were examined up to the beginning of the final clerkship year.Results: The academic performance and the prolongation of the pre-clinical part of undergraduate training were significantly related to the school-leaving GPA. Conversely, the dropout rate was related to age at enrolment. The students of the GPA-best group and the primary local admission group performed best and had the lowest dropout rates. The students of the delayed admission group and secondary local admission group performed significantly worse. More than 20% of these students dropped out within the pre-clinical course, half of them due to poor academic performance. However, the academic performance of all of the admission groups was highly variable and only about 35% of the students of each group reached the final clerkship year within the regular time.Discussion: The school-leaving grade and age appear to have different prognostic implications for academic performance and continuity. Both factors have consequences for the delayed admission group. The academic prognosis of the secondary local admission group is as problematic as that of the delayed admission group. Additional admission instruments would be necessary, in order to recognise potentially able applicants independently of their school-leaving grade and to avoid the secondary admission procedure.

  15. Een prognose van de hoeveelheid in te laten zoet water ter ontzilting van de polderleidingen in het lozingsgebied de Oude Korendijk na de totstandkoming van de deltawerken

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weerd, van der B.

    1963-01-01

    Vanaf november 1957 zijn in het lozingsgebied van de Oude Korendijk (Hoekse Waard) waarnemingen gedaan van het chloride-gehalte van het polderwater. Voor het verkrijgen van een inzicht over de in de open waterleidingen geborgen hoeveelheid water zijn metingen verricht naar slootbreedten en -diepten

  16. Prognoses of plant community changes in the territories not used for agriculture after the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Science-research in the zones of eviction in the Bragin district of the Gomel region confirms interdependence between development of plants' communities and such factors as type of soil, kind of agricultural field, the term of nonuse. The study of vegetation change on the former fields, represented by turf-podsol soil, indicates that plant community has by now been formed on it, in which out of 100% projection cover prevail Artemisia absinthium L., - 40%, Artemisia campestris L. -20%, Artemisia vulgaris L. -5%, Elytrigia repens (L.) Nevski - 30%. On lower lots, represented by turf-podsol swampy soil, prevail Elytrigia repens - 60%, Artemisia absinthium -20%, Erigeron canadensis - 10%. So, on the unused arable land the tendency to form communities of Elytrigia repens is observed. In 10-15 years there may be a community here, consisting of bunch-grasses an densely turfed grasses. On the haymaking and pasture meadows, sowing plants are replaced by rhizome bunch-grasses (Poa pratensis L.) rhizome (Elytrigia repens) and diverse grasses (Artemisia absinthium, Achillea millefolium, Erigeron canadensis and others). On sowing meadows, situated on peat-swamp soil, Urtica dioica L. took root. It formed powerful herbage with 80-90% projection cover, which prevents the renewing of grasses. Only after gradual decrease of Urtica dioica there will appear different grasses, as well as rhisome grasses. In future this land can be used for haymaking. It is impossible to use this kind of soil without herbicides in large quantity, which may create additional problems of ecological character

  17. A nationwide survey of clinical characteristics, management, and outcomes of acute kidney injury (AKI) - patients with and without preexisting chronic kidney disease have different prognoses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pan, Heng-Chih; Wu, Pei-Chen; Wu, Vin-Cent; Yang, Ya-Fei; Huang, Tao-Min; Shiao, Chih-Chung; Chen, Te-Chuan; Tarng, Der-Cherng; Lin, Jui-Hsiang; Yang, Wei-Shun; Sun, Chiao-Yin; Lin, Chan-Yu; Chu, Tzong-Shinn; Wu, Mai-Szu; Wu, Kwan-Dun; Chen, Yung-Chang; Huang, Chiu-Ching

    2016-09-01

    Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a common complication in hospitalized patients. The International Society of Nephrology implemented the "0 by 25" initiative aimed at preventing deaths from treatable AKI worldwide by 2025 and conducted a global snapshot survey in 2014. We joined in the project and conducted this study to compare the epidemiology, risk factors, and prognosis between patients with pure AKI and those with acute-on-chronic kidney disease (ACKD). In this study, we prospectively collected demographic parameters and data on clinical characteristics, baseline comorbidities, management, and outcomes of 201 AKI patients in 18 hospitals in Taiwan from September 2014 to November 2014. The in-hospital mortality rate was 16%. AKI was mostly attributed to sepsis (52%). Multivariate logistic regression indicated that oliguria was a positive independent predictor of in-hospital mortality, whereas preexisting CKD and exposure to nephrotoxic agents were negative independent predictors. The prevalence of vasopressor use, intensive care unit care, and mortality were significantly higher in pure AKI patients than in ACKD patients. Moreover, serum creatinine (SCr) levels significantly increased within 7 days after AKI diagnosis in nonsurvivors but not in survivors in the pure AKI group. By contrast, SCr levels were persistently lower in nonsurvivors than in survivors in the ACKD group during the same period. We thus determined that the prognosis of ACKD patients differed from that of pure AKI patients. Considering the CKD history in the future AKI staging system may improve prognosis prediction. PMID:27684854

  18. Primary gastric lymphoma of the MALT-type. Current knowledge of aetiology, therapy and prognosis; Primaere Magenlymphome vom MALT-Typ. Gegenwaertiger Wissensstand zu Aetiologie, Therapie und Prognose

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fischbach, W. [2. Medizinische Klinik, Klinikum Aschaffenburg (Germany); Wilms, K. [Medizinische Poliklinik, Wuerzburg Univ. (Germany)

    1995-10-01

    Options in the therapy of gastric lymphoma are based on their histological grade and stage of the disease. They include surgical resection and/or radiotherapy for local tumor control as well as chemotherapy in the case of disseminated disease or high malignancy. Currently, special interest focuses on the effect of helicobacter pylori eradication. (orig./MG) [Deutsch] Die Therapie primaerer Magenlymphome erfolgt histologie- und stadienadaptiert. Sie umfasst die lokale Tumorkontrolle durch Operation und/oder Strahlentherapie und, bei disseminierten Stadien und hohem Malignitaetsgrad, die Chemotherapie. Darueber hinaus koennte zukuenftig in Einzelfaellen die Eradikation von Helicobacter pylori eine besondere Bedeutung erlangen. (orig./MG)

  19. Academic Performance of Students with the Highest and Mediocre School-leaving Grades: Does the Aptitude Test for Medical Studies (TMS) Balance Their Prognoses?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kadmon, Guni; Kadmon, Martina

    2016-01-01

    Hintergrund: Die Auswahl Medizinstudierender wird in Deutschland teils zentral, teils lokal durchgeführt. Die zentrale Auswahl umfasst zwei Gruppen: Studierende mit den besten Hochschulzulassungsnoten (Abiturbeste) und Studierende mit schlechteren Abiturnoten, die erst nach einer Wartezeit von bis zu sieben Jahren nach Schulabschluss zum Studium zugelassen werden (Wartezeitquote). Studierende mit Lernschwierigkeiten sowie solche, die das Studium frühzeitig abbrechen, befinden sich in beiden Gruppen. Die hochschuleigene Studierendenauswahl (AdH) unserer Fakultät berücksichtigt das Ergebnis des Tests für Medizinische Studiengänge (TMS) und ermöglicht die leistungsbezogene Zulassung von Studierenden mit einer breiten Spannweite an Abiturnoten. Ziel: Zu untersuchen, ob die Gewichtung des TMS in der hochschuleigenen Auswahl gerechtfertigt ist, die darauf abzielt, die Zulassung potentiell leistungsschwacher Abiturbesten zu reduzieren und stattdessen die Zulassung potentiell leistungsstarker Bewerber zu fördern, die mittelmäßige Schulabgangsnoten mitbringen.Methode: Der prognostische Beitrag der Abiturpunktzahl und des TMS zur Studienleistung und zur Studienkontinuität im vorklinischen Abschnitt des Medizinstudiums wurde an zwei Studierendengruppen untersucht: Abiturbeste (Abiturnote 1,0, Abiturpunkte 823-900) und mittelmäßige Abiturienten (Abiturnoten 2,0-2,3, Abiturpunkte 689-660). Das Outcome beider Gruppen wurde im Verhältnis zu ihren TMS-Ergebnissen verglichen. Die Studie umfasste vier aufeinander folgende Kohorten. Ergebnisse: In beiden Gruppen sagte der TMS die Studienleistung (β=0,442-0,446) und die Studienkontinuität (OR=0,890-0,853) besser vorher als die Abiturnote (β=0,238-0,047; OR=1,009-0,998). Die Studienverlängerungs- und -abbruchsrate war am stärksten mit der Nicht-Teilnahme am TMS assoziiert (OR=0,230-0,380). Studierende mit mittelmäßigen Abiturnoten und TMS-Ergebnissen (standardisiertem Testwert) ≥125 erzielten ähnlich gute Studienleistungen wie die Abiturbesten. Mittelmäßige Schulabgänger mit TMS-Ergebnissen zwischen 110-124 erbrachten im Schnitt weniger gute aber noch ausreichende Studienleistungen. Abiturbeste mit mittelmäßigen TMS-Ergebnissen und 30% der Abiturbesten, die nicht am TMS teilgenommen hatten, erreichten nicht das Studienleistungsniveau der meisten Studierenden mit mittelmäßigen Abiturnoten und sehr guten TMS-Leistungen. Diskussion: Der TMS scheint, zwischen potenziell erfolgreichen und weniger erfolgreichen Studierenden beider Abiturnotenbereiche zu differenzieren. Mittelmäßige Abiturienten mit besonders hohen TMS-Ergebnissen erreichten bessere Studienergebnisse im vorklinischen Studienabschnitt als die Abiturbesten, die im TMS nur mittelmäßigen Erfolg hatten. Diese Beobachtungen rechtfertigen die Anwendung des TMS, um die Chancen von Studienbewerbern mit mittelmäßigen Abiturnoten am Wettbewerb um die Studienplätze zu erhöhen.

  20. Forecast with artificial neuronal network at Mycity Stadtwerke Uelzen; Prognose mit Kuenstlich Neuronalen Netzen bei Mycity Stadtwerke Uelzen. Modellierung der Energiebedarfsstruktur

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lehnguth, T. [SAE IT-Systems GmbH und Co. KG, Koeln (Germany). Kompetenzcenter NL-Chemnitz

    2004-06-14

    As a modern Power Utility Company, Mycity Stadtwerke Uelzen relies on High-Tech by the evaluation of future load behaviour. A self learning forecast, based on artificial neuronal networks, enables the modelling of power demand structures with a quality factor of 96% within seconds. (orig.)

  1. Cancer i øjenregionen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prause, J.U.; Heegaard, S.; Toft, Peter Bjerre;

    2002-01-01

    oftalmologi, cancer, tumor, øjenlåg, conjunctiva, cornea, hud, øjets indre, orbita, diagnostik, behandling......oftalmologi, cancer, tumor, øjenlåg, conjunctiva, cornea, hud, øjets indre, orbita, diagnostik, behandling...

  2. Middelhav og maskinæstetik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sommer, Anne-Louise

    2004-01-01

    Artiklen behandler den modernistiske franske arkitekt le Corbusiers relation til middelhavet og inspirationen fra den antikke arkitekturtradition.......Artiklen behandler den modernistiske franske arkitekt le Corbusiers relation til middelhavet og inspirationen fra den antikke arkitekturtradition....

  3. OPUS: Randomiseret multicenterundersøgelse af integreret behandling sammenlignet med standardbehandling før første psykoseepisode--sekundaerpublikation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nordentoft, Merete; Petersen, Lone; Jeppesen, Pia;

    2006-01-01

    A total of 547 patients with first-episode psychosis were included in a randomised clinical trial comparing integrated treatment with standard treatment. The integrated treatment consisted of assertive community treatment with programmes for family involvement and social skills training. Patients...

  4. Præhospital behandling af svært tilskadekomne patienter med fokus på damage control-kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Anne Marie; Larsen, Claus Falck; Steinmetz, Jacob

    2011-01-01

    The majority of patients undergoing damage control surgery initially receive prehospital treatment. Bleeding causes 40% of trauma deaths, half of which happen in the prehospital setting. Future research and improved treatment before hospital admission should focus on control of the bleeding, avoi...

  5. Outlet of products of biological treatment- what will be the future problems and opportunities?; Avsaettning av energiprodukter fraan biologisk behandling - vilka fraagestaellningar kommer att bli aktuella?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hellstroem, Hanna

    2010-01-15

    Biological treatment and related products is a topical subject, which increases year after year, not only in Sweden but all over the world. In this phase of expansion, it is interesting to find out what subjects could become relevant for products from this treatment method in the future. The following products are incorporated in the concept 'energy products' from biological treatment: sludge from sewage treatment plants, digestate from waste digestion plants, biogas, ethanol, and products from biorefinery. Questions regarding the process of these products are not included in this project. The purpose is to bring forward a catalogue of ideas of current and future topics in the field of biological treatment. The goal is to identify development projects which could be of interest for upcoming programs at Waste Refinery. Issues and project proposals for each product have been identified by the writer's network, and in discussions tabled at a workshop arranged by Waste Refinery in the autumn of 2009. At the present time, almost all digestate is sold, but there are problems. Though the plants have found an outlet for their products, they do not receive adequate return on them. Moreover, a lot of water is being transported. Many stakeholders within Waste Refinery, as well as external stakeholders, have requested a project on refining of digestate. Other topical issues regarding digestate are how new, non-food substrates and additives affect the quality of the digestate. Sewage treatment plants have to pay large amounts of money for the disposal of sludge. If Waste Refinery can include sewage sludge in their range of work, there will be several synergies between sludge and digestate. Matters, that need to be solved in the near future, are how to best achieve hygienisation of sewage sludge in order to guarantee salmonella-free sludge. As for biogas, the demand will be determined by factors such as the access of raw material, whether it becomes a vehicle fuel to count on in the future, taxes and means of control (i.e. environmental objectives). Concrete project proposals regarding the gas composition and measurement of raw gas, as well as the minimization of emissions have been received. There are also many questions regarding the distribution of biogas. As for ethanol, the questions primarily regard the process and new substrates identified in interesting fields. Such matters and project ideas have, however, not been considered, as this report is intended to identify questions about the products. Contact with various ethanol producers and researchers has shown that there is, as it seems, no need for further development of ethanol as a product. Waste Refinery has already touched the subject of biorefinery in the WR 20 project, refinement of digestion residue. No project proposals have been identified for products from biorefinery, either by the writer's network or during the workshop. One proposal is to do a more thorough study of biorefinery under the management of Waste Refinery

  6. Barn och sociala medier : Hur sociala medier påverkar elever och skolans arbete mot kränkande behandling

    OpenAIRE

    Sjöstedt, Julia

    2014-01-01

    This work is about the rights of children, how students use social media and how effective teachers are using social media in their work against abusive treatment. The purpose of this work is to examine what students have rights in school, what and how students use social media and how schools and teachers are working to prevent the abuse that takes place over the internet and via mobile phones. The method used to investigate this is partly a survey of students in grades five and six at four ...

  7. Træning har positiv effekt på helbredsrelateret livskvalitet hos kræftpatienter i behandling--en gennemgang af et Cochranereview

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lønkvist, Camilla Kjær; Højman, Pernille; Gehl, Julie;

    2013-01-01

    and reduces risk of recurrence and mortality from breast- and colon cancer. Considerable efforts go to patient care and rehabilitation, both during and after cancer treatment. This new systematic review implies that exercise programmes should be a central part of rehabilitation for all cancer patients.......Cancer and treatment of cancer affects the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) in patients. A recent Cochrane review concludes that exercise may have positive effects on HRQoL and several other domains. Other reviews have shown that physical activity may protect against development of cancer...

  8. Perforation of the colon during combined radio and steroid therapy. Diagnosis and treatment; Colonperforsjon under kombinert steroid- og straalebehandling. Diganostikk og behandling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wiig, J.N.; Aass, N.; Karlsen, K.O.; Giercksky, K.E. [Norske Radiumhospital, Oslo (Norway)

    1996-02-01

    Eighth patients with colon perforations after combined treatment with radiotherapy and steroid medication are studied retrospectively. Sigmoid diverticuli perforated after a minimum of 5 days treatment. The main symptom was a varying degree of abdominal pain. Clinical parameters were of limited value. The most important single examination was plain abdominal x-ray, though this was not positive in all cases. Seven patients were operated on, one with simple suture, the rest with Hartmann`s procedure. None developed postoperative peritonitis. One died from cerebral infarction. Four died within 38 days postoperatively after discharge from hospital. Abdominal symptoms during high dose steroid treatment may indicate perforation on the colon. Immediate operative intervention may have an uncomplicated postoperative course. 8 refs., 2 tabs.

  9. Præhospital behandling af svært tilskadekomne patienter med fokus på damage control-kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Anne Marie; Larsen, Claus Falck; Steinmetz, Jacob

    2011-01-01

    The majority of patients undergoing damage control surgery initially receive prehospital treatment. Bleeding causes 40% of trauma deaths, half of which happen in the prehospital setting. Future research and improved treatment before hospital admission should focus on control of the bleeding......, avoidance of hypothermia, minimising the time to definitive surgery, and a restrictive and goal directed therapy with regard to the intake of fluids. On occasion, lifesaving procedures could be performed during transport to the hospital....

  10. Tandlægers erfaringer med at foreslå og få gennemført behandling med kroner og broer i privat praksis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Isidor, F.; Moore, R.

    2003-01-01

    English:What subjective experiences have Danish dentists in private practice to propose and implement treatment with crowns and bridges? A mailed questionnaire were completed and returned by 216 private practice dentists for a random sample from Aarhus. Of these, 22% thought that it was uncomfort......English:What subjective experiences have Danish dentists in private practice to propose and implement treatment with crowns and bridges? A mailed questionnaire were completed and returned by 216 private practice dentists for a random sample from Aarhus. Of these, 22% thought...

  11. At udholde forandringer i hverdagslivet – patienters oplevelse af at være i behandling for endetarmskræft

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Birgitte Knygle; Winther, Bodil; Norlyk, Annelise

    2015-01-01

    changes; reorganization of everyday life; getting support from close relatives; seeing life from a different perspective. The patients struggled to endure both the on-going treatment and the changes in everyday life related to the disease and unpleasant side effects such as diarrhea. The findings...... demonstrate a need for an increased awareness of the impact of diarrhea on patients’ everyday life during treatment....

  12. Kirurgisk behandling af cancer ventriculi på et universitetshospital. En retrospektiv opgørelse for perioden 1990-1995

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hillingsø, Jens; Hviid, Kirsten; Mynster, T;

    2001-01-01

    AIM: A retrospective study of 69 cases of gastric cancer seen during the period from 1/1-1990 to 31/12-1994 treated in a University Hospital. The aim of the study was to describe morbidity, mortality and identify independent prognostic variables for mortality. METHOD: Patient data were recovered.......001) as independent variables. DISCUSSION: The overall five-year survival is low and has not changed over two decades in Denmark, whereas mortality and morbidity rates have improved. It should be recommended that: The treatment of gastric cancer must be centralised in order to develop preoperative examinations...... from the hospital's central database. Mortality was chosen as end-parameter. Univariate log-rank-test identified statistically significant variables which were then analysed by Cox backward stepwise regressional analysis. MATERIAL: Sixty-nine patients were available for analysis, median age 73 years...

  13. Hjertestop uden for hospital. Prospektiv undersøgelse af forskellige typer af udvidet præhospital behandling i Odense

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, J R; Lybecker, H; Andersen, C;

    1990-01-01

    Danish National Board of Health (6 months]. Out of 28 patients brought in by the medically staffed ambulance, two (7%) were discharged alive. Out of 57 patients brought in the phase with the motorized doctor nine (16%) were discharged alive. Out of 78 patients brought in by heart ambulance one (1%) was...... discharged alive. The results of this investigation reveal that the prehospital treatment of cardiac arrest in Odense can be improved by participation of a doctor in the treatment, (particularly the rendezvous model). Suggested improvements consist of 1) improved alarm system, 2) intensification of training...

  14. Å være pårørende når alternativ behandling tas i bruk i “kampen mot kreft”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jannicke Rabben

    2015-06-01

    CAM (Complementary and Alternative Medicine is prevalent among cancer patients. Relatives are central to support and care for the patient but experience challenges and stresses in this role. The purpose of this study was to gain knowledge of how it is experienced to be relative of people with terminal cancer who seeks CAM. Five qualitative semi-structured in-depth interviews of relatives and nine biographies written by relatives were analyzed using systematic text condensation. Results showed that relatives experienced to fight for hope in a given battle, not knowing who you can trust, well-meant pressure from others, putting the sick in the center, a double balance between quality of life and life extension, and mixed feelings in retrospect. The language was characterized by war metaphors. In order to provide better support to relatives it is important that health workers have insight into the paradoxical and ambivalent experience of hope for healing and simultaneously fear of death.

  15. Rusmisbruk, angst og depresjon etter 10 år: En prospektiv undersøkelse av stoffmisbrukere med og uten LAR-behandling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravndal Edle

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Substance abuse, anxiety and depression after 10 years: A prospective study of drug users in and outside OMT treatment AIMS - The national Opiate Maintenance Treatment (OMT program in Norway started officially in 1998. The same year a treatment study was initiated, including the most used treatment measures for drug users in Norway. The main aim in the present study was to investigate the prevalence of live OMT patients in the total sample after 10 years, and to compare the outcome of primarily substance abuse, anxiety and depression among OMT patients versus non-OMT patients. DESIGN & METHODS - Four hundred and seven patients, in Oslo and the nearby regions, who started in 16 different in- and outpatients programs, were followed from intake to treatment and during ten years (1998-2009. Patients in the sample were interviewed after one, two, seven and ten years, and they were divided into three different treatment groups: inpatient residency for grown-ups, outpatient psychiatric youth teams and youths living in collectives. Data was collected through use of EuropASI and HSCL-25 at all follow-ups. RESULTS - After ten years 15 % were deceased. Of the 333 persons left, 73 % (n=248 were interviewed after ten years. Forty percent (n=99 were then in OMT. After ten years there were no gender differences regarding attendance to OMT, but the OMT-group was older (30 vs .28 yrs, p<0.05, and they used more benzodiazepines (p<0.000 and cannabis (p<0.01 than the others. The OMT-group reported to a larger extent more anxiety and depression throughout the total observation period than the non OMT participants. Use of heroin and criminality were significantly reduced in both groups. CONCLUSIONS - In spite of reduced use of heroin, the OMT patients seemed to have more difficulties in reducing the use of benzodiazepines and cannabis, whereas the anxiety and depression scores were high and stable through the total observation time.

  16. Behandling av reinkalver med ivermectin første levehøst. Effekt på levendevekter andre levehøst

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eirik Heggstad

    1986-06-01

    Full Text Available Reinen lever i et svært sårbart miljø, hvor små inngrep kan gi uante følger på lengre sikt. Innføring av medikamentbruk i en næring som tradisjonelt har klart seg uten medfører derfor et betydelig ansvar. For eksempel vil bruk av ivermectin på flokker fra dårlige, overbelastede beiter sannsynligvis gi bra effekt, men samtidig kan det bidra til å kamuflere problemer som kunne løses på annen måte, f.eks. ved omlegging av flokkstruktur og slakteuttak. Imidlertid vil bruk av ivermectin i reinflokker som lever under normalt gode betingelser kunne gi et resultat i form av økt kjøttavkastning som gjør at et evt. rutinemessig behandlingsopplegg vil kunne være økonomisk fordelaktig.

  17. Fysisk traening som behandling af nedsat funktionsevne hos svage, hjemmeboende 75+ -årige. Et randomiseret interventionsstudie i almen praksis omfattende elementer til en teknologivurdering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vad, Esther; Worm, Charlotte; Lauritsen, Jens;

    2002-01-01

    The aim of this study was to establish the value of physical training as a treatment of reduced physical ability in frail, elderly patients living at home.......The aim of this study was to establish the value of physical training as a treatment of reduced physical ability in frail, elderly patients living at home....

  18. Patienter med basalcellenævussyndrom bør tilbydes tidlig interdisciplinær opfølgning og behandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bay, Christiane; Ousager, Lilian Bomme; Jelsig, Anne Marie

    2016-01-01

    Basal cell naevus syndrome (Gorlin-Goltz syndrome) is a rare, autosomal dominantly inherited condition with a wide range of developmental and multiple organ-related anomalies. Cardinal features include multiple basal cell carcinomas, jaw cysts, palmoplantar pits and calcification of the falx...

  19. Um modelo de passo invariante baseado na função de Gompertz para prognose do crescimento A step invariant model based on gompertz´s function for Growth prognosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Pereira Guimarães

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Apresenta-se um modelo de passo invariante baseado na função de Gompertz. O ajuste do modelo foi efetuado em dados de crescimento de frangos de corte e em parcelas permanentes de plantações de Eucalyptus grandis. O modelo proposto apresenta a forma Pf = Pa.exp(beta0.Sbeta2(exp(beta1 .Ia-(exp(beta1.If, em que Pf é a produção estimada na idade futura (If a partir da produção atual (Pa, observada na idade atual (Ia. S representa a introdução de nova variável ao modelo, sendo usada como variável binária representando machos e fêmeas no caso de frangos, e variável indicativa da qualidade do sítio no caso do eucalipto. As principais vantagens da utilização do modelo proposto residem na compatibilidade dos resultados, advinda da característica de passo invariante, projeções individuais e análise dos erros em diferentes intervalos temporais.A step invariant model based on Gompertz´s function is presented. Model adjustment was done on broilers and Eucalyptus grandis growth data. The proposed model presents the form Pf = Pa.exp(beta0.Sb2(exp(beta1 .Ia-(exp(beta1.If, where Pf refers to the future estimated yield at age (If based on yield (Pa observed at present age (Ia. S means the introduction of a new variable to the model, being used as binarian variable to indicate male and female broilers and as a site quality for eucalypt. The main advantages of using the proposed model resides in the compatibility of results, assured by the step invariant characteristics, individuals projections and analysis of errors based on the prognosis intervals.

  20. Um sistema computadorizado de prognose do crescimento e produção de Pinus taeda L., com criterios quantitativos para a avaliação tecnica e economica de regimes de manejo

    OpenAIRE

    Oliveira, Edilson Batista de

    2013-01-01

    O presente trabalho teve os seguintes objetivos gerais: (1) desenvolver um sistema computadorizado que integre métodos de engenharia econômica a um simulador de crescimento e produção de povoamentos de Pinus taeda L., implantados na Região Sul do Brasil, e (2) avaliar sua aplicação nas atividades de manejo e planejamento da produção destas florestas. O sistema desenvolvido foi constituído por três softwares: (a) o simulador SISPINUS -Versão 2.0, elaborado a partir da primeira versão do "NCSU ...

  1. Microscopic Invasions, Prognoses, and Recurrence Patterns of Stage I Adenocarcinomas Manifesting as Part-Solid Ground-Glass Nodules: Comparison With Adenocarcinomas Appearing as Solid Nodules After Matching Their Solid Parts' Size.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hwang, Eui Jin; Park, Chang Min; Kim, Young Tae; Kim, Hyungjin; Goo, Jin Mo

    2016-04-01

    The purpose of the present study was to compare the frequency of microscopic invasions, disease-free-survival (DFS), and the frequency and pattern of disease recurrence between stage I pulmonary adenocarcinomas appearing as solid nodules and those appearing as part-solid ground-glass nodules (GGNs) after matching their solid parts' size (D(solid)) and patients' age. Among 501 patients who underwent curative surgery for stage I pulmonary adenocarcinomas between 2003 and 2011, 172 patients (86 with solid nodules [M: F = 36: 50; mean age, 62.8 years] and 86 with part-solid GGNs [M:F = 30:56; mean age, 63.0 years]) matched for D(solid) and patients' age were included. DFS, frequency of microscopic invasions, recurrence, and recurrence pattern were compared between the two groups. No significant difference was observed in the frequency of microscopic invasions between the two groups (visceral pleural invasion, 30.23% vs. 29.07%, P = 0.867; lymphatic invasion, 5.81% vs. 3.49%, P = 0.720; vascular invasion, 1.16% vs. 0%, P = 1.000; solid nodules vs. part-slid GGNs, respectively) and DFS (estimated 5-year DFS, 83.6% vs. 81.9%, P = 0.744; solid nodules vs. part-slid GGNs, respectively). As for recurrence and recurrence pattern, there were no significant differences between the solid nodule group (14/86), and part-solid GGN group (12/86) (P = 0.670). Lung parenchymal nodules were the most frequent pattern of disease recurrence in both groups, followed by pleural seeding. In conclusion, after matching D(solid) and patients' age, there was no significant difference in the frequency of microscopic invasions, DFS, and the frequency and pattern of recurrence between stage I pulmonary adenocarcinomas appearing as solid nodules and part-solid GGNs.

  2. Amilóidose cardíaca. Uma doença de muitas faces e diferentes prognósticos Cardiac amyloidosis. A disease with many faces and different prognoses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Carlos Pereira Barretto

    1997-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Avaliar as formas de apresentação da amilóidose cardíaca em hospital terciário. MÉTODOS: Nos últimos 15 anos, foram identificados 8 pacientes com amilóidose, sendo 5 mulheres , com idades entre 23 e 83 (média 62 anos. Após anamnese e exame físico foram submetidos a eletrocardiograma (ECG, ecocardiograma (ECO, estudo com pirofosfato de tecnécio e biópsia endomiocárdica, cujos resultados permitiram caracterizar suas formas clínicas. RESULTADOS: Sete pacientes apresentavam dispnéia aos esforços, 6 quadro de insuficiência cardíaca congestiva (ICC, 1 síncopes. O ECG identificou bloqueio atrioventricular total (BAVT em 4 casos e área eletricamente inativa ântero-septal em outros 4. O ECO mostrou diâmetros normais em todos e fração de ejeção discretamente reduzida em 6. Hipertrofia do septo e parede posterior em todos, sendo em 7 com aspecto sugestivo de doença de depósito (aspecto granuloso. Os dados clínicos caracterizam dois grupos, um com BAVT e outro com cardiomiopatia restritiva. A evolução foi diferente com melhora clínica após o implante de marcapasso no primeiro grupo e má evolução no grupo com cardiomiopatia restritiva que evoluiu de maneira refratária, 3 falecendo em menos de 6 meses após diagnóstico. CONCLUSÃO: A presença de aumento da espessura das paredes ao ECO, discreta disfunção sistólica e aspecto de doença de depósito identificaram a quase totalidade dos casos. Cardiomiopatia restritiva e distúrbio de condução foram as formas de apresentação, sendo o prognóstico muito reservado nos pacientes com forma restritiva, evoluindo para ICC refratária.PURPOSE: To identify the principal forms of cardiac amiloydosis presentation in a terciary hospital. METHODS: Eight cases whith cardiac amyloidosis were identified. Five were woman, their ages ranged from 23 to 83 years (mean 62. After a medical history and clinical examination the patients, were submitted to complementary tests: electrocardiogram (EKG, echocardiogram (ECHO, scintigraphy with technecium pirophosfate and cardiac biopsy these results allowed the identification of their clinical situation. RESULTS: Seven patients refered dyspnea, 6 were in heart failure, 1 patient had syncope. The EKG identified complete atrioventricular (AV block in 4 patients, and antero septal inactive area in the other 4. The ECHO showed normal cardiac diameter in all (mean left ventricular diastolic diameter of 46.8 and slight reduction of left ventricular ejection fraction; hypertrophy of the left ventricular septal and posterior walls in all cases, in 7 cases there was a hyper refractile granular sparkling ECHO. Two different groups were identified: one with complete AV block and the second with restrictive cardiomyopathy. The prognosis was different in these two groups. Those with complete AV block evolved better after pacemaker implantation and those with restrictive cardiomyopathy had refractary heart failure and 3 of them died. CONCLUSION: The increased free wall and septal thickness, the slight systolic dysfunction and the infiltration aspect at ECHO allow us to identify the great majority of the cases. Those patients with restrictive cardiomyopathy evolve with refractory heart failure and most of them die in a few months.

  3. The value of measurements of the cerebrovascular reserve capacity (CVRC) for the assessment and prognosis of cerebrovascular disease; Der Stellenwert der Messung der zerebrovaskulaeren Reservekapazitaet bei der Beurteilung und Prognose ischaemischer Hirnerkrankungen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Einhaeupl, K.M. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Neurologie, Universitaetsklinikum Charite, Medizinische Fakultaet der Humboldt-Universitaet, Berlin (Germany); Valdueza, J.M. [Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Neurologie, Universitaetsklinikum Charite, Medizinische Fakultaet der Humboldt-Universitaet, Berlin (Germany)

    1997-03-01

    Today, the diagnostic and therapeutic principles in the management of stroke are changing. Prevention of stroke is one of the major fields of research. One important aim of the newly developed diagnostic techniques is the identification of a particular subgroup of patients with compromised cerebral circulation who will benefit from surgical or medical therapies. The assessment of the CVRC with tracer techniques and the acetazolamide test seem to be a realiable and promising method for this purpose: 1. In carotid artery occlusion, the measurement of CVRV facilitates the identification of a subgroup of patients with compromised CVRC who show an improvement of CVRC after EC-IC bypass surgery. The value of bypass surgery for the prevention of stroke however, has to be confirmed by prospective studies. 2. The benefit from carotid surgery for patients with high-grade carotid stenosis and transient ischemic attack has been convincingly demonstrated by several studies. In asymptomatic patients, however, desobliteration of the carotid artery remains controversial. The identification of asymptomatic cases with compromised CVRC probably contributes to the recognition of patients with a high risk of suffering hemodynamic stroke. 3. In vascular dementia, cerebral blood flow measurements at rest alone have not been useful. CVRC measurements may offer a diagnostic advance in this still not well understood disease. (orig.) [Deutsch] Die Erkennung von Patientengruppen mit besonderer Schlaganfallgefaehrdung, die von konservativen wie chirurgischen Massnahmen profitieren wuerden, ist von hoechster klinischer Relevanz. Mit der Bestimmung der zerebrovaskulaeren Reservekapazitaet (CVRC) mit Acetazolamid besitzen wir einen funktionellen Parameter der zerebralen Haemodynamik, der eine Risikoabschaetzung bezueglich eines Schlaganfalls fuer folgende Indikationen erwarten laesst: 1. Bei Patienten mit einem Karotisverschluss konnte von verschiedenen Arbeitsgruppen gezeigt werden, dass sich durch eine EC-IC-Bypass-Operation eine zuvor eingeschraenkte CVRV verbessern laesst. Der Nachweis, dass hierdurch das Schlaganfallrisiko vermindert wird, muss jedoch in groesseren prospektiven Studien erbracht werden. 2. Bei der symptomatischen Karotisstenose ist der Nutzen der Desobliteration mittlerweile nachgewiesen worden. Bei der asymoptomatischen Karotisstenose wird die Indikation zur Desobliteration kontrovers diskutiert. Der Nachweis einer eingeschraenkten CVRC koennte, analog zum Karotisverschluss, die Indikation zu einem gefaesschirurgischen Eingriff unterstuetzen. Auch hier sind weitere Studien noetig. 3. Bei der morphologischen und klinischen Zuordnung der vaskulaeren Demenz haben Ruhemessungen des CBF bisher keinen Einfluss gehabt. Es ist zu ueberpruefen, ob fuer dieses Kollektiv zukuenftig die Messung der CVRC einen diagnostischen Fortschritt darstellt. (orig.)

  4. Forecasts and restrictions on vibrations from rock excavation and transportation. Encapsulation Plant and Repository for spent nuclear fuel, Laxemar; Prognoser och restriktioner foer vibrationer fraan bergschaktning och transporter. Inkapslingsanlaeggning och slutfoervar foer anvaent kaernbraensle, Laxemar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lind, Carl; Johansson, Sven-Erik (Nitro Consult AB (Sweden))

    2010-12-15

    This study describes the impact on the surroundings that may occur during rock excavation activities for the final repository for spent nuclear fuel in Laxemar and the encapsulation facility in Simpevarp. The study also includes vibrations created by heavy shipments related to activities at the final repository. The study will provide input to the environmental impact assessment and future design work. The survey area for buildings and facilities covered by the study extends approximately 1,000 metres from the proposed location of the final repository. For the encapsulation facility the survey area has been limited to residential buildings and summer houses within 1,000 metres of the proposed location. In addition, residential buildings along road 743 have been surveyed with regard to the impact of heavy shipments between Laxemar and Faarbo. The results of the surveys and information on planned rock excavation activities have been used to formulate preliminary restrictions and predictions of vibrations and air shock waves from blasting, as well as noise from rock drilling. Predictions have also been made of vibrations from heavy shipments, and a reference survey has been carried out in a residential building near road 743. The predictions of vibrations from blasting rounds reveal low or very low levels. No risk of damage to buildings or equipment is expected. Vibrations from blasting may, however, be perceptible within large parts of the study area, since the human perception threshold for vibration is very low. They will hardly be regarded as disturbing, however. When the accesses to the final repository have been built and rock excavation continues at repository level, the impact on the surroundings is expected to be minimal. The main reason for this is that the blasting will then occur at a depth of about 500 metres, at an ample distance to buildings at surface level. Predictions of air shock waves from blasting rounds indicate low levels. There is no risk of damage but air shocks may be audible at great distances during the first few years when surface facilities are being built and blasting is being done for the ramp and sunk shafts. They are not expected to be perceived as disturbing, since the blasting will be limited to a few times per day during the most intensive period. Structure-borne noise from rock drilling for the repository will not be audible due to large distances to buildings. Noise from above-ground drilling may be audible, but below guideline values. Also, the drilling is limited to a relatively short period of time. In Clab, indoor guideline values may be exceeded during drilling for the encapsulation facility. There is no risk of flyrock from blasting that could cause damage to the surroundings. The scope and nature of flyrock protection will be determined at a later stage, but as a general rule the initial blasting rounds, when the risk of flyrock is the greatest, will be carried out as controlled blasting. Vibrations in surrounding buildings caused by heavy shipments to and from the final repository are not expected to cause any damage, mainly due to the fact that the supporting ground along the transport routes is dominated by rock or till. The reference survey carried out in Oevrahammar verifies this and shows low vibration levels. If the future status of the concerned parts of road 743 is the same as today, disturbing vibrations are unlikely to occur, even if the heavy shipments increase in number. In summary, it is concluded that the guideline values and limit values stipulated in applicable standards, recommendations and guidelines for vibrations, air shock waves and noise from blasting activities, as well as noise from drilling and boring will be met by ample margin. The impact on the surroundings from blasting activities during the construction of the final repository and the encapsulation facility is therefore expected to be very limited

  5. KLINO - climatology and prognosis of climate-induced changes in hydrographic parameters of the North Sea and Baltic Sea. Final report; KLINO - Klimatologie und Prognose klimainduzierter Aenderungen hydrographischer Groessen in Nord- und Ostsee. Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-04-01

    The marine climate of the North Sea and Baltic Sea was simulated and analyzed with the aid of meteorological and oceanographic models. The KLINO project is a first step towards climate impact research as sensitivity studies of the models permit preliminary statements on the effects of potential changes of marine climate. The simulations covered several decades. The models used were: WAM for calculating the swell of the Atlantic and the two marginal seas; HAMSOM for climate-induced variations of the hydrographic parameters of the NOrth Sea and Baltic Sea; HAMSOM and REMO for interactive coupling between ocean and atmosphere; HYDROMOD for extreme and normal conditions in the offshore region. [German] Im Projekt KLINO wurde das derzeitige marine Klima (Wasserstaende und mittlerer Meeresspiegel, Seegang, Stroemungen und Schichtung) von Nord- und Ostsee in Kontrollexperimenten mit Hilfe meteorologischer und ozeanographischer Modelle simuliert und nach vollzogen. Das KLINO Projekt ist in die Arbeiten zur Klima-Regionalisierung bzw. als ein erster Schritt zur Klima-Impaktforschung einzustufen, da Sensitivitaetsstudien der Modelle bereits vorsichtige Aussagen ueber die Folgen moeglicher Aenderungen des marinen Klimas zulassen. Das WAM-Modell lieferte eine Klimatologie des Seeganges fuer den Atlantik und die beiden Randmeere. Die klimainduzierten Schwankungen der hydrographischen Parameter in Nord- und Ostsee wurden mit Hilfe des HAMSOM untersucht; eine interaktive Kopplung zwischen Ozean und Atmosphaere erfolgte mit den Regionalmodellen HAMSOM und REMO. Die Simulationen deckten hinreichend lange Zeitraeume (Dekaden) ab und wurden mit beobachteten bzw. aus meteorologischen Re-Analysen abgeleiteten Fluessen von Impuls, Waerme und Frischwasser angetrieben. Zur Initialisierung und Validierung der ozeanographischen Modelle wurden umfangreiche Beobachtungsdatensaetze fuer die Parameter Temperatur, Salzgehalt, Eis, Seegang und Oberflaechenauslenkung zusammengestellt. Extremsituationen und mittlere Verhaeltnisse im Kuestenbereich wurden exemplarisch fuer zwei Untersuchungsgebiete mit dem HYDROMOD-Modell untersucht. Impaktstudien zu den Auswirkungen einer intensivierten nordatlantischen Oszillation, die in KLINO durchgefuehrt wurden erlaubten erste Aussagen ueber die Folgen moeglicher Aenderungen des Klimas auf der Regionalskala. (orig.)

  6. Prognosis of organic sugar cane spirit production in the Araras region / Prognose da produção de cachaça orgânica na região de Araras

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davi Guilherme Gaspar Ruas

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available In spite of social and economic value of the Brazilian sugar cane spirit or cachaça, there are few studies about the parameters of agroindustrial of sugar cane and the profile of the producers, along with concern for quality. This agro-industry has significant number of small producers with it’s activity one way to obtain an income, bringing employments and foreign exchange to the country. However, these producers manufacture empirical and rudimental way, based on common sense or information by father or son. The aim of the study was to characterize the profile of the producers of sugar cane spirit or cachaça of the region of Araras, linked them to the viability of obtaining a products of high quality using organic methods. As result of this study was evidenced that the region of Araras shows the same characteristic profile of this sector, where a large majority work in informal conditions, without certificate on Agriculture Ministry and sell its production in local markets. The conditions of manufacturing juice of sugar cane are very rudimentary, where a large majority of producers with simple distillations apparatus. Relatively to the possibility of production of organic sugar cane spirit or cachaça, the main difficulty is located on the rural area, caused by the strong dependence on soluble chemical fertilizers. The production of organic sugar cane spirit or organic cachaça would be one alternative sufficient practicable and attractiveApesar da importância econômica e social da aguardente de cana-de-açúcar ou cachaça, são escassos os trabalhos encontrados na literatura que estabelecem comparações entre as características agroindustriais da cultura e o perfil do produtor, aliado à preocupação com a qualidade. Esta agroindústria se caracteriza por apresentar significativa quantidade de pequenos produtores que possuem nesta atividade uma forma de geração de renda, trazendo para o País divisas e empregos. Entretanto, produzem de maneira empírica e rudimentar, baseados no senso comum ou informações repassadas de pai para filho. Foi feito um levantamento preliminar visando caracterizar o perfil das propriedades produtoras de aguardente de cana-de-açúcar da região de Araras, associando-as à viabilidade de obter-se um produto de qualidade com características orgânicas. A região de Araras apresenta um perfil característico do setor, onde a grande maioria trabalha na informalidade, sem registro no Ministério da Agricultura e comercializa sua produção no local. As condições de processamento da cana-de-açúcar são rudimentares e a maioria dos produtores utiliza o fogo direto no alambique, usando lenha como combustível. Em relação a uma possível produção de cachaça orgânica a principal dificuldade está no setor agrícola, devido à forte dependência do uso de adubos químicos solúveis e herbicidas. A produção de cachaça orgânica pode ser uma alternativa viável e atrativa.

  7. Arv & skifte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    Værket giver et helhedsbillede af spørgsmål om arv, skifte, boafgift og eventuel boskat. Bogen er opdelt i en teoretisk del, hvor regelsættene behandles, og en praktisk del, der behandler en lang række spørgsmål om dødsboets behandling. Skiftereformen 2011, som stiller en række nye krav til...

  8. Skal vi synge den originale eller folkelige version af vores danske sange?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Jens Stig

    2015-01-01

    Artiklen behandler problemet med, at sange har en tendens til at ændre sig over tid og flittig brug, og via nogle kendte eksempler behandler den spørgsmålet om, hvordan vi kan forholde os til denne problematik.......Artiklen behandler problemet med, at sange har en tendens til at ændre sig over tid og flittig brug, og via nogle kendte eksempler behandler den spørgsmålet om, hvordan vi kan forholde os til denne problematik....

  9. Vision og virkelighed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carlsen, Benny Bang

    Bogen behandler andetsprogsdidaktiske problemstillinger og emner som fx sproglig opmærksomhed, kontrastiv lingvistik, kommunikativ kompetence, andetsprogstilegnelsesteorier, intersprogsanalyse og kulturmødet....

  10. De nye myter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krogsdal, Iben Egekvist

    Selvudvikling og selvrealisering i en psykologiseret tidsalder. Bogen er en omskrivning af min ph.d.-afhandling og behandler psykologiseringen af det moderne samfund ud fra terapiformen NLP.......Selvudvikling og selvrealisering i en psykologiseret tidsalder. Bogen er en omskrivning af min ph.d.-afhandling og behandler psykologiseringen af det moderne samfund ud fra terapiformen NLP....

  11. De danske fanger i Sachsenhausen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Danielsen, Astrid Marie Møller

    2009-01-01

    Specialet behandler systematisk tidligere danske kz- fangers interaktion med andre fangenationaliteter belyst ud fra erindringer og kendt forskning om KZlejren Sachsenhausen.......Specialet behandler systematisk tidligere danske kz- fangers interaktion med andre fangenationaliteter belyst ud fra erindringer og kendt forskning om KZlejren Sachsenhausen....

  12. The effects of real-time telemedicine video consultations between nurses and patients with severe Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sorknæs, Anne Dichmann

    Formålet med ph.d. studiet var at undersøge effekten af telekonsultationer som supplement til konventionel behandling sammenlignet med konventionel behandling hos udskrevne patienter med KOL med fokus på genindlæggelser, dødelighed, sundhedsøkonomi, sygeplejerskers og patienters oplevelse af tele...

  13. Implementation of life cycle assessment models in solid waste management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgaard, Anders

    Teknologier til behandling af affald bliver løbende forbedret, og antallet af forskellige måder at behandle affaldet på er stigende. Det er derfor nødvendigt at finde en metode til at vurdere, hvad der er den mest optimale kombination af teknologier til affaldsbehandling. En af de metoder, der er...

  14. A.R.T. – Aggression Replacement Training

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harbo, Lotte Junker; Domben, Eskil

    2015-01-01

    Artiklen indeholder en kort introduktion, eksemplificeret ved case, af det manualbaserede program til behandling af udadreagerende unge Aggression Replacement Training.......Artiklen indeholder en kort introduktion, eksemplificeret ved case, af det manualbaserede program til behandling af udadreagerende unge Aggression Replacement Training....

  15. Blødningsforstyrrelser hos kvinder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Astrup, Karen

    1994-01-01

    Efteruddannelsesartikel for praktiserende læger om undersøgelse og behandling af blødningsforstyrrelser hos kvinder i almen praksis. Udgivelsesdato: 1994......Efteruddannelsesartikel for praktiserende læger om undersøgelse og behandling af blødningsforstyrrelser hos kvinder i almen praksis. Udgivelsesdato: 1994...

  16. Antithrombotic drugs and interactions in ischemic heart disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Charlot, Mette Gitz

    2011-01-01

    Antithrombotisk behandling er en hjørnesten i moderne kardiologi og indgående viden om de præcise virkninger og bivirkninger af lægemidlerne er vigtig for at sikre hjertepatienter den optimale behandling. Denne ph.d. afhandling belyser vigtige problemstillinger omkring anvendelsen af antithrombot...

  17. Hvad gør vi ved aborterede fostre?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mathar, Helle

    2011-01-01

    Artiklen behandler det etiske problem, at man på nogle hospitaler er begyndt at begrave aborterede fostre på kirkegårde.......Artiklen behandler det etiske problem, at man på nogle hospitaler er begyndt at begrave aborterede fostre på kirkegårde....

  18. Klimaregnskab og Carbon Footprint beregning for Kommunekemi a/s

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leinikka Dall, Ole; Wenzel, Henrik

    2009-01-01

    Klimaregnskab for anlægget i Nyborg og carbon footprint for: -forbrænding -uorganisk behandling -halmaskeanlæg Afrapporteret på tryk og indtastet i Simapro......Klimaregnskab for anlægget i Nyborg og carbon footprint for: -forbrænding -uorganisk behandling -halmaskeanlæg Afrapporteret på tryk og indtastet i Simapro...

  19. Intensiv musik- og psykomotorisk gruppeterapi m. flygtninge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beck, Bolette Daniels; Telcs, Cathrine

    2014-01-01

    Evaluering af gruppemusikterapi i kombination med psykomotorisk behandling med 3 traumatiserede flygtninge ved hjælp af spørgeskemaer ( WHOQOL) og interviews.......Evaluering af gruppemusikterapi i kombination med psykomotorisk behandling med 3 traumatiserede flygtninge ved hjælp af spørgeskemaer ( WHOQOL) og interviews....

  20. Herodotos and Hemerodromoi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Thomas Heine; Schwartz, Adam; Christensen, Dirk Lund

    2009-01-01

    Artiklen behandler de oldgræske 'hemerodromoi' - militære langdistanceilbud - i almindelighed og den athenske hemerodromos Pheidippides' løb fra Athen til Sparta i år 490 f.Kr., idet både historiske og fysiologiske forhold tages under behandling....

  1. Udformning af en forskningsprotokol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ridder, Hanne Mette Ochsner; Ottesen, Aase Marie

    2008-01-01

    Nogle demenssygdomme rammer især de forreste dele af hjernen, hvilket hos den enkelte person kan medføre svære psykiatriske symptomer. Der findes ingen specifik behandling af grundsygdommene for disse frontotemporaledemenstilstande, og symptomatisk medikamentel behandling af de psykiatriske sympt...

  2. Persondataloven

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høilund, Dorte Lissie

    Persondataloven regulerer behandling af oplysninger om borgerne og gælder både for offentlige myndigheder, private virksomheder, foreninger, organisationer mv. Denne bog giver en grundig og overskuelig introduktion til de centrale bestemmelser i persondataloven og sætter fokus på emner som...... behandling af personoplysninger, borgerens rettigheder og beskyttelse af personoplysninger....

  3. Resource recovery from waste incineration residues

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Allegrini, Elisa

    Affaldsforbrænding er i mange lande en vigtig teknologi til behandling og energiudnyttelse af affald. Udover energi resulterer forbrænding også i produktion af asker. Størstedelen af askerne udgøres af slagge, som efter behandling har gode tekniske egenskaber og kan anvendes til bygge- og...

  4. The Conditions for Future Energy-smart Water Utilities under EU and Danish Law and Policy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Basse, Ellen Margrethe

    2014-01-01

    Artiklen behandler de retlige barrierer, der er ift. vandselskabernes udnyttelse og salg af vedvarende energi, der produceres ved udnyttelse af selskabernes affald.......Artiklen behandler de retlige barrierer, der er ift. vandselskabernes udnyttelse og salg af vedvarende energi, der produceres ved udnyttelse af selskabernes affald....

  5. Two Journeys and One University: King Christian I and Queen Dorothea's Journeys to Rome and the Foundation of the University of Copenhagen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jahnke, Carsten

    2014-01-01

    Behandler de omstændighederne omkring universitetsgrundlæggelsen og rydder op med den myte, at Københavns Universitet blev grundlagt af Christian I.......Behandler de omstændighederne omkring universitetsgrundlæggelsen og rydder op med den myte, at Københavns Universitet blev grundlagt af Christian I....

  6. Hydrolys av primärslam för förbättrande av biologisk fosforreduktion vid behandling av hushållsavloppsvatten [Hydrolysis of primary sludge for enhancement of biological phosphorus removal in household wastewater

    OpenAIRE

    Elfving, Erik

    2005-01-01

    Hammarby Sjöstad is a new district of southern Stockholm built with focus on reduced environmental impact by recirculation of materials and sustainability. The environmental goals aim to cut the water consumption by half and a separate storm water treatment. Thus, the wastewater will be more concentrated and will originate from the households only. The Sjöstad project includes the idea of a local treatment plant for the household wastewater. To evaluate this possibility, Sjöstadsverket, an ex...

  7. Treatment and disposal of radioactive wastes from nuclear power plants. Program for encapsulation, deep geologic deposition and research, development and demonstration; Kaernkraftavfallets behandling och slutfoervaring. Program foer inkapsling, geologisk djupfoervaring samt forskning, utveckling och demonstration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-09-01

    Programs for RD and D concerning disposal of radioactive waste are presented. Main topics include: Design, testing and manufacture of canisters for the spent fuels; Design of equipment for deposition of waste canisters; Material and process for backfilling rock caverns; Evaluation of accuracy and validation of methods for safety analyses; Development of methods for defining scenarios for the safety analyses. 471 refs, 67 figs, 21 tabs.

  8. Hvordan diagnosticerer man astma hos børn?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hermann, Christian

    1997-01-01

    Astma og astmatisk bronkit har ens symptomatologi og behandling og kan med vore dages effektive og bivirkningssvage medicin selv i de lettere grader behandles. Symptomerne kender vi i praksis fra op mod 1/3 af småbørnene, kunsten består i at stille behandlingsindikationen. Der opridses overvejend...... at nødvendig rutine og erfaring heri kun kan opnås ved i dagligdagen at turde tage ansvaret for at stille diagnosen og behandle. Udgivelsesdato: 1997...

  9. Kreditret 2010/2011

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    Bogen giver et koncentreret indblik i og overblik over regler og praksis vedrørende kredit til virksomheder, herunder spørgsmål i relation til gældsbrevsloven, kreditaftaleloven, digital tinglysning mv. Også spørgsmål om tinglig sikkerhed i form af virksomhedspant og fordringspant behandles, till......, tillige med det international-privatretlige lovvalg i kredit- og panteretlige spørgsmål. Også ejendomsforbehold, leasing og factoring behandles. Endelig behandles spørgsmål om kaution og støtteerklæringer (comfort letters)....

  10. Forskningsbaseret viden kan bruges i praksis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Braad, Mette; Bahnsen, Iben Bøgh; Axelsen, Hanne Clement

    2013-01-01

    Evidensbaseret praksis blev trænet i et samarbejde mellem sygeplejestuderende, kliniske vejledere og undervisere på sygeplejerskeuddannelsen i Aalborg. Resultatet af samarbejdet kommer nu præmature børn i CPAP-behandling til gode i form af systematisk soignering, aflastning og gel-behandling omkr......Evidensbaseret praksis blev trænet i et samarbejde mellem sygeplejestuderende, kliniske vejledere og undervisere på sygeplejerskeuddannelsen i Aalborg. Resultatet af samarbejdet kommer nu præmature børn i CPAP-behandling til gode i form af systematisk soignering, aflastning og gel...

  11. Environmental assessment of biowaste management in the Danish-German border region

    OpenAIRE

    Jensen, Morten Bang; Scheutz, Charlotte; Møller, Jacob

    2016-01-01

    De seneste år har der været et øget politisk fokus på behandling af organisk husholdningsaffald, der samtidigt behandles forskelligt fra land til land. I Danmark og Tyskland har behandlingen af organisk husholdningsaffald taget en meget anderledes drejning i det sidste århundrede. I Danmark indsamles det organiske husholdningsaffald som en del af restaffaldet, som primært forbrændes, og biologisk behandling er kun forsøgt i begrænset omfang. Tyskland derimod har fokuseret kraftigt på kildesor...

  12. Giftige kokasser?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grønvold, Jonas Lindhardt; Stendal Svendsen, T; Holter, P;

    2005-01-01

    I moderne landbrug behandles kvæg mod rundorme og andre parasitter, med kemiske midler som udskilles i kokasserne. Dermed bliver kokasserne i nogle tilfælde giftige for det dyreliv som er knyttet til dem...

  13. Styring af blodfortyndende medicin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kallestrup, Lisbeth

    2010-01-01

    Artiklen beskriver sygeplejerskers dosering af AK- behandling. Hovedbudskabet er, at kvaliteten af doseringen til patienterne bevares eller måske forbedres, såfremt ansvaret for doseringen overdrages fra læger til sygeplejersker. Udgivelsesdato: 23092010...

  14. Moderne Økonomistyring og Kalkulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Steen

    1998-01-01

    Artiklen behandler sammenhængen mellem virksomhedens økonomistyring og virksomhedens produktionsforhold, specielt i relation til virksomhedens kalkulationsforhold. Sammentidig opstilles mulige sammenhænge til antal cost pools, cost drivers, kalkulationsfilosofi mv....

  15. Hvor skal vi hen?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rørbech, Helle

    2013-01-01

    Indledning til Cursiv nr. 12: Didaktiske destinationer -12 bidrag til danskfagets didaktik. Introduktion til nummerets artikler samt de aktuelle problemstillinger og grundlæggende fagdidaktiske spørgsmål, de behandler...

  16. Bange anelser om ny anbringelsesreform

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kildedal, Karin

    2004-01-01

    Artiklen omhandler en analyse af den anbringelsereform, der er under behandling i folketinget i 2004. Analysen problematiserer, at staten fortsat prøver at kvalificere det sociale arbejdes praksis gennem lovgivning....

  17. Platons ‘respekt’ for Protagoras

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bloch, David

    2011-01-01

    Platons forhold til sofisten Protagoras behandles. Hvor forskningen oftest har hævdet, at Platon har stor respekt for denne, argumenteres der her for, at Platons dialog "Protagoras" viser alt andet end respekt.......Platons forhold til sofisten Protagoras behandles. Hvor forskningen oftest har hævdet, at Platon har stor respekt for denne, argumenteres der her for, at Platons dialog "Protagoras" viser alt andet end respekt....

  18. The Holocaust and Collective Memory in Scandinavia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lammers, Karl Christian

    2011-01-01

    Artiklen behandler Holocaust's plads i den kollektibve erindring i Skandinavien, og den viser hvorledes den "gode historie": redningen af de danske jøder i oktober 1943 i lang tid bestemte omgangen med Holocaust.......Artiklen behandler Holocaust's plads i den kollektibve erindring i Skandinavien, og den viser hvorledes den "gode historie": redningen af de danske jøder i oktober 1943 i lang tid bestemte omgangen med Holocaust....

  19. Internationale joint ventures - udvalgte selskabsretlige problemstillinger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Karsten Engsig

    2001-01-01

    Artiklen behandler en række problemstillinger som er særlige for joint ventures stiftet i selskaber af aktie-, anpartsselskabstypen. Bl.a. behandles en række problemer omkring joint venture aftalens forhold til selskabets vedtægter samt en række problemstillinger knyttet til det forhold at der er...... etableret fælles kontrol over joint venture selskabet....

  20. Optisk Design og Optiske Systemer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalsgaard, Erik

    1999-01-01

    På basis af geometriske bølgeaberrationer gives et grundlag for dimensionering af optiske systemer. En række numeriske metoder til analyse og optimering, baseret på 4. ordens bølgaberrationer samt endelig raytracing, behandles.......På basis af geometriske bølgeaberrationer gives et grundlag for dimensionering af optiske systemer. En række numeriske metoder til analyse og optimering, baseret på 4. ordens bølgaberrationer samt endelig raytracing, behandles....

  1. Oplevelsesøkonomi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Jan Halberg

    Bogen behandler dominerende teorier og værktøjer i alle led af værdikæden og belyser oplevelsesøkonomiens potentialer og mangfoldighed med eksempler og cases fra forskellige brancher. Teorierne behandles ud fra en praksisnær tilgang med cases og eksempler som fx Læsø Salt, Astrid Lindgren Verden,......, Hard Rock Cafe, Smukfest, Hverringe Gods og Eksperimentarium....

  2. Må journalister bryde loven for at oplyse befolkningen?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rytter, Jens Elo

    2010-01-01

    Artiklen behandler spørgsmålet om, hvorvidt journalister skal straffes, når de overtræder loven for at fremskaffe relevante oplysninger til offentligheden. Dansk retspraksis analyseres i lyset af EMRK art. 10.......Artiklen behandler spørgsmålet om, hvorvidt journalister skal straffes, når de overtræder loven for at fremskaffe relevante oplysninger til offentligheden. Dansk retspraksis analyseres i lyset af EMRK art. 10....

  3. Tilsynsdiamanten i spændingsfeltet mellem soft law og hard law

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Niels Skovmand

    2013-01-01

    Artiklen behandler de retskildemæssige spørgsmål, som Tilsynsdiamanten udstedt af Finanstilsynet giver anledning til. Dette sker på baggrund af forskellige teorier omkring soft law og hard law.......Artiklen behandler de retskildemæssige spørgsmål, som Tilsynsdiamanten udstedt af Finanstilsynet giver anledning til. Dette sker på baggrund af forskellige teorier omkring soft law og hard law....

  4. Ross - for altid?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blume, Peter Erik

    2011-01-01

    Med baggrund i Jens Ewalds bog om Alf Ross omtaler artiklen en række de problemstillinger, som bogen behandler, samt vurderer den betydning, Ross har haft og måske fortsat har. Afslutningsvis betones den juridiske biografis betydning.......Med baggrund i Jens Ewalds bog om Alf Ross omtaler artiklen en række de problemstillinger, som bogen behandler, samt vurderer den betydning, Ross har haft og måske fortsat har. Afslutningsvis betones den juridiske biografis betydning....

  5. Sykepleierens tilgang til det smertefulle hos det svært fortidligfødte barnet

    OpenAIRE

    Landsem, Inger Pauline

    2007-01-01

    Tema for denne masteroppgaven er hvordan sykepleiere gjenkjenner noe som smertefullt hos det svært fortidligfødte barnet som behandles i neonatale intensivavdelinger. Studien fokuserer på sykepleiernes arbeid med de nyfødte barn som er yngre enn 28 svangerskapsuker. Disse barnas overlevelsesmuligheter har økt betydelig de siste 20 årene. I samme tidsperiode har det hersket stor usikkerhet i fagfeltet om hvorvidt barna opplever behandling og handtering som smertefullt. Uttrykksevne...

  6. Inclusion in the simulation of air pollutants recorded over the borders of test areas in Niedersachsen and forecasting of local ground level concentrations. Final report. Einbeziehung der ueber die Grenzen von Untersuchungsgebieten in Niedersachsen eingetragenen Luftschadstoffe in die Simulation und Prognose oertlicher Immissionssituationen. Abschlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mueller-Reissmann, K.F.; Schaffner, J.

    1991-08-01

    In 1987-1989 an emission-ground level concentration-model (conversion of emission into ground level concentration) was established for the pollutant sulphur dioxide (SO[sub 2]) by the ISP (Hannover) in cooperation with GEOS (Berlin) and was with emission data of the environs of Braunschweig for 1987 subjected to different trial runs. The pollution sources were devided into four groups: - Large Emitters (particularly power plants) - medium emitters (particularly industry) - space heating and small consumers - traffic. The pollution emitters of the first two groups were considered as point sources and the last two groups as surface sources, their emissions being evently distributed over squares of 1 km x 1 km, each surface unit of one km[sup 2] being represented by 400 point sources in a distance of 50 m from each other. The conversion of emissions into ground level concentration is based on the Gaussian dispersion model on which also the dispersion calculation of the TA Luft (technical regulation about air pollution) is based. (orig./KW).

  7. hs-CRP、BNP 及血糖异常对老年急性心肌梗死患者预后的评估价值%The prognostic value of hs-CRP, BNP and dysglycemia in prognosing elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪群芳

    2014-01-01

    Objective To develop knowledge of the value of hs-CRP, BNP and dysglycemia for prognosis of elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction .Method 180 elderly patients with acute myocardial infarction were selected as subjects for the study.The subjects were divided into two groups:a stress hyperglycemia group (random glucose level ≥7. 80mmol/L) and a non-stress hyperglycemia group (random glucose level 0.05);Compared with the non-stress hyperglycemia group, LVEF in the stress hyperglycemia group greatly decreased and LVEDD increased (P<0.05);Adverse cardiovascular events (within 30 days after onset) in the stress hyperglycemia group was much higher than that in the non-stress hyperglycemia group (P<0.05).Conclusion Blood sugar, hs-CRP and BNP can make a combination for accurate prognosis of the disease in question .%目的:探讨超敏C-反应蛋白(hs-CRP)、B型尿钠肽(BNP)及血糖异常对老年急性心肌梗死患者预后的评估价值。方法根据患者入院后首次血糖检测结果,随机将180例老年急性心肌梗死患者分为应激性高血糖组(随机血糖≥7.80mmol/L)及非应激性高血糖组(随机血糖<7.80mmol/L)。比较两组入院后血清hs-CRP、BNP、白蛋白、肌酸激酶同工酶(CK-MB)、超敏肌钙蛋白I(TNI)、心功能及发病1月内心血管不良事件发生率。结果应激性高血糖组血清hs-CRP、BNP水平显著高于非应激性高血糖组(P<0.05),但两组白蛋白、CK-MB、TNI水平差异不显著(P>0.05);应激性高血糖组左心室射血分数显著降低,左心室舒张末期内径测值显著升高,与非应激性高血糖组比较差异显著(均P<0.05),同时心血管不良事件发生率显著高于非应激性高血糖组(P<0.05)。结论血糖、血清hs-CRP及BNP三者联合检测可作为评估老年急性心肌梗死近期预后的指标。

  8. Vestibulo-ocular Monitoring in severe Traumatic Brain Injury - Prediction of Outcome Vestibulo-oculäres Monitoring bei Patienten nach schwerem Schädel-Hirn-Trauma zur Prognose des Outcomes zur Erlangung der Lehrbefähigung für das Fach Neurochirurgie

    OpenAIRE

    Schlosser, Hans-Georg

    2010-01-01

    Introduction: Oculomotor response (OMR) to galvanic labyrinth polarization (GaLa) recorded soon after TBI should indicate the outcome of patients when considering the extent of brainstem damage after severe traumatic brain injury (TBI) as critical for the evaluation. This importance of brainstem for outcome has been demonstrated by previous studies employing imaging techniques to visualize structural or functional brainstem lesions. Methods: Vestibulo-ocular monitoring (VOM)...

  9. R vinder terræn forud for kommunalvalget

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Søren Risbjerg

    2009-01-01

    KOMMUNALVALG: S går tilbage og R frem i den nyeste prognose for kommunalvalget i november. Men SF står stadig som den store vinder.......KOMMUNALVALG: S går tilbage og R frem i den nyeste prognose for kommunalvalget i november. Men SF står stadig som den store vinder....

  10. Det sidste snit: VKO tæt på magten alene

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Søren Risbjerg

    2007-01-01

    PROGNOSE: VKO mangler kun to mandater for flertal i det sidste vejede snit, opdateret tirsdag kl. 10. Se også geografisk mandatprognose. Udgivelsesdato: 13. november......PROGNOSE: VKO mangler kun to mandater for flertal i det sidste vejede snit, opdateret tirsdag kl. 10. Se også geografisk mandatprognose. Udgivelsesdato: 13. november...

  11. Evaluering af forsøgsprojekter vedrørende psykologbehandling af personer med lette og moderat svære depressioner i Fyns og Åhus Amter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Kaj Aage Sparle

    tendens. Samlet set tyder evalueringen på, at personer med lette og moderate depressive enkeltepisoder behandles lige effektivt i privat og offentlig psykologordning. Henvisning til den gratis offentlige ordning var imidlertid forbundet med længere ventetid på behandling og længere varighed af eventuel...... I 2004 blev det i forbindelse med overenskomstforhandlinger mellem Sygesikringens Forhandlingsudvalg og Dansk Psykologforening aftalt at afholde udgifterne til evaluering af to 1-årige forsøg med behandling af personer med lette og moderate depressioner i Århus og Fyns Amter. Behandlingstilbudet...... der en gradvis forøgelse af ventetiden på behandling i begge amter, mest udtalt i Århus. Den gennemsnitlige ventetid på behandling var 25.3 dage på Fyn og 51.2 dage i Århus. Tilsvarende var patienterne gennemsnitligt sygemeldt 83.8 dage på Fyn og 117.5 dage i Århus Amt. Patienterne på Fyn modtog i...

  12. Effect of intensive multifactorial treatment compared with routine care on aortic stiffness and central blood pressure among individuals with screen-detected type 2 diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Nanna Borup; Charles, Morten; Vistisen, Dorte;

    2012-01-01

    herigennem effekten af intensiv multifaktoriel behandling sammenlignet med rutine behandling i almen praksis. Resultater: Patienterne in intensiv gruppen havde en 0,51 m/s (95%CI: -0,96; -0,05; p-værdi:0.03) sammenlignet med rutine behandlingsgruppen. Ekstrapolering af disse resultater på basis af en meta......-analyse om pulsbølgehastighed, svarer den difference på 0,51 m/s til en relativ risiko reduktion på 7% af intensiv multifaktoriel behandling sammenlignet med rutine. Men vi kan dog ikke konkludere at en reduktion i aorta stivhed og reducerer incidencen af kardiovaskulære tilfælde. For at bekræfte denne teori...

  13. Ambulanceudrykning i København, Odense og Ringkøbing Amt. Resultater fra Sundhedsministeriets og Amtsrådsforeningens stikprøveundersøgelse 1990. 2. Ambulancemandskabets behandling, lægestøtte og diagnosemønster

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, C F; Trier, H

    1992-01-01

    district with smaller towns (the County of Ringkøbing). The conditions of the patients were assessed by the ambulance staff: 7-12% of the patients transported had visible haemorrhage, 5-8% were unconscious, 4-7% were cyanotic, 2-3% had seizures and 1-2% had pareses. The serious cases tended to be most...

  14. Biologiske lægemidler til behandling af ikke-cancerrelaterede sygdommeTumor necrosis factor-alpha binding capacity and anti-infliximab antibodies measured by fluid-phase radioimmunoassays as predictors of clinical efficacy of infliximab in Crohn's disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skov, L.; Bendtzen, K.

    2008-01-01

    Biological response modifiers are modified (poly) peptides from living organisms designed to modulate a specific biologic process. Biotechnology has led to the rapid development of recombinant drugs for treatment of many immunoinflammatory diseases. In this article, we briefly describe the main...

  15. A retrospective data acquisition and evaluation on the characterization and prognosis for 776 patients with differentiated thyroid carcinomas in the Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Nuklearmedizin der Universitaet zu Koeln in the period from 1990 to 2005; Eine retrospektive Datenerhebung und Auswertung zur Charakterisierung und Prognose von 776 Patienten mit differenziertem Schilddruesenkarzinom der Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Nuklearmedizin der Universitaet zu Koeln im Zeitraum von 1990-2005

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meixner, Markus

    2011-06-22

    The author describes the retrospective data acquisition and evaluation on the characterization and prognosis for 776 patients (average age 40:1 years) with differentiated thyroid carcinomas in the Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Nuklearmedizin der Universitaet zu Koeln in the period from 1990 to 2005. The methodology includes patient-relevant data, examination data, imaging techniques and biochemical tests. Clinically important differences were found for papillary and follicular thyroid carcinoma. Further differences concern the localization of metastases. The author discusses the prognostic significance of the primary tumor radius in comparison with the so-called TNM classification for papillary and follicular thyroid carcinomas. It is concluded that the new version of the TNM classification offers only slight advantages with respect to the former version. It was also shown that the primary tumor size is adequate for prognostic estimations.

  16. Blandt venner er alting fælles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Anne-Marie Eggert

    2007-01-01

    Historisk fremstilling af venskabets status og behandling i politisk filosofi; forholdet mellem venskab og retfærdighed hos Aristoteles. Diskussion af dets aktuelle status, herunder i ven/fjende-distinktionen og i Derridas begreb om gæstevenskab. ......Historisk fremstilling af venskabets status og behandling i politisk filosofi; forholdet mellem venskab og retfærdighed hos Aristoteles. Diskussion af dets aktuelle status, herunder i ven/fjende-distinktionen og i Derridas begreb om gæstevenskab. ...

  17. Professionel kompetence og uddannelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hedegaard, Karen Marie

    Specialet behandler forholdet mellem professionel kompetence og uddannelse gennem en undersøgelse og diskussion af teorier og forskning om professionsbegrebet i sociologien historisk og aktuelt, bl.a. Talcott Parsons, MaxWeber og Thomas Mathiesen, og diskuterer forskellige forståelser af professi......Specialet behandler forholdet mellem professionel kompetence og uddannelse gennem en undersøgelse og diskussion af teorier og forskning om professionsbegrebet i sociologien historisk og aktuelt, bl.a. Talcott Parsons, MaxWeber og Thomas Mathiesen, og diskuterer forskellige forståelser af...

  18. 9/11 i arabisk fiktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moestrup, Elisabeth A.

    2008-01-01

    Om 11. september og hvordan det er et litterærtemne der sjældent behandles direkte i den arabiske verden på få undtagelser nær, hvorimod det løber som en stille kommentar i baggrunden af mange værker.......Om 11. september og hvordan det er et litterærtemne der sjældent behandles direkte i den arabiske verden på få undtagelser nær, hvorimod det løber som en stille kommentar i baggrunden af mange værker....

  19. Evalueringsrapport: Projekt Møgelkær

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Ellids; Grahn, Eva; Lillebæk, Tommy

    , hvor dette regnes for hensigtsmæssigt i forhold til det motivations- og behandlingsstøttende arbejde med klientellet, at bidrage med konkrete arbejdsmetoder via undervisning og supervision og via dette og motiverende psykologsamtaler med de indsatte, at motivere for behandling. Der har metodisk været...... behandlingstilbuddet til behandling i netværket. Der var sat begrænsede midler af til pilotprojektet, hvilket indebar begrænsede resurser til både undervisning, supervision og motiverende samtaler med de indsatte. Ved projektets afslutning kan vi konkludere, at der fortsat er behov for undervisning og øget psykolog...

  20. Smitte via håndtryk kan udløse erstatning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henschel, Rene Franz

    2008-01-01

    Artiklen behandler hospitalers erstatningsansvar efter dansk rets alminddelige regler samt efter lov om klage- og erstatningsadgang inden for sundhedsvæsenet såfremt patienter eller besøgende smittes via håndtryk på danske hospitaler mv. Udgivelsesdato: 26092008......Artiklen behandler hospitalers erstatningsansvar efter dansk rets alminddelige regler samt efter lov om klage- og erstatningsadgang inden for sundhedsvæsenet såfremt patienter eller besøgende smittes via håndtryk på danske hospitaler mv. Udgivelsesdato: 26092008...

  1. Moms og fast ejendom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Edlund, Hans Henrik

    1999-01-01

    I artiklen gives et overblik over, hvorledes fast ejendom behandles momsmæssigt. Derfor findes en kort skitsering af reglerne for moms på byggearbejder, afgrænsningen mellem momspligtig og momsfri udlejning, muligheden for frivillig registrering af udlejning samt opgørelse af reguleringsforpligte......I artiklen gives et overblik over, hvorledes fast ejendom behandles momsmæssigt. Derfor findes en kort skitsering af reglerne for moms på byggearbejder, afgrænsningen mellem momspligtig og momsfri udlejning, muligheden for frivillig registrering af udlejning samt opgørelse af...

  2. Alternative metoder til bekæmpelse af spiringsskadende svampe i gulerod

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Birgit; Jensen, Dan Funck; Knudsen, Inge M.B.

    2005-01-01

    I et nyligt afsluttet innovationsprojekt er der opnået spændende resultater ved frøbehandling med antagonister i kombination med forskellige frøteknologier. KVL arbejder hen mod at få godkendt antagonisten Clonostachys rosea IK726 til biologisk bekæmpelse......I et nyligt afsluttet innovationsprojekt er der opnået spændende resultater ved frøbehandling med antagonister i kombination med forskellige frøteknologier. KVL arbejder hen mod at få godkendt antagonisten Clonostachys rosea IK726 til biologisk bekæmpelse...

  3. Mindfulness-livsstil som metode? : østlig filosofi i en vestlig psykologisk kontekst

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Problemstilling: Hvordan forstås begrepet mindfulness i konteksten av psykologisk behandling, og hvordan kan mindfulness bevirke til endring i terapi? Med den økende interessen og integrasjonen av mindfulness i psykologisk behandling søker man nå å forstå og beskrive begrepet innen et vitenskapelig rammeverk. Denne oppgaven undersøker hvordan begrepet forstås, og hvordan mindfulness tenkes å kunne bevirke til endring i terapi. Sentrale bidrag fra forskere og klinikere i mindfulnessfeltet...

  4. Stofmisbrug i socialfagligt perspektiv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    L. Lauridsen, Mette; Kronbæk, Mette; Sindal Lundsberg, Peter

    2010-01-01

    Er du visitator, behandler, sagsbehandler eller en fagperson, der på anden måde arbejder professionelt med stofmisbrug, kan bogen give dig overskuelig information om emnet og inspiration til det daglige arbejde. Dybtgående litteraturlister afslutter hvert af kapitlerne: Præsentation af området...... Social behandling Mødet med brugeren Støtte og rådgivning Krop og misbrug Familier med stofmisbrug Særlige misbrugergrupper I bogen er vedlagt et bilagshæfte, som serverer alle aktuelle, relevante paragraffer og vejledninger på området – i fuld tekst....

  5. Direktivstridige semifølsomme oplysninger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tranberg, Charlotte Bagger

    2012-01-01

    artikel 7, stk. 1. Denne fortolkning har betydning i relation til dele af den særegne danske oplysningskategori i persondatalovens § 8, nemlig for så vidt angår oplysninger om væsentlige sociale problemer og andre rent private forhold. Artiklen behandler de praktiske konsekvenser af EU-Domstolens dom.......I slutningen af november 2011 afsagde EU-Domstolen en dom med vidtrækkende konsekvenser for den danske persondatalov. EU-Domstolen fastslog, at medlemsstaterne ikke må fastsætte yderligere betingelser for behandling af almindelige personoplysninger end dem, der er opregnet i persondatadirektivets...

  6. Sygdom og selvopfattelse på tværs af rum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ilsvard, Sofie; Emilie Christensen, Iben

    2013-01-01

    konkluderer, at fysioterapiklinikken, hvori sygdom behandles og praktiseres, ikke repræsenterer et ”sygdommens rum”, men af deltagerne opleves som et tiltrængt frirum fra sygdom, hvor de føler sig som ”almindelige mennesker”. I modsætning hertil står det private hjem og det offentlige rum, som nærmere...... behandling. Det centrale omdrejningspunkt for det sociologiske studie er deltagernes subjektive oplevelser og udbytte af vederlagsfri fysioterapi. Det undersøges også, hvordan deltagerne håndterer og integrerer fysioterapiklinikkens institutionelle ramme som en fast bestanddel af hverdagslivet. Studiet...

  7. Effects of strontium malonate (NB S101) on the compositional, structural and biomechanical properties of calcified tissues in rats and dogs

    OpenAIRE

    Raffalt, Anders Christer; Andersen, Jens Enevold Thaulov

    2011-01-01

    Strontium har en positiv effekt på knoglevæv, idet Sr på samme tid øger knogledannelsen og mindsker knogleresorptionen. Herved opnås en vedvarende, gavnlig virkning på knoglerne. Behandling med strontiumranelat (SrR) har vist sig at nedbringe hyppigheden af både vertebrale og non-vertebrale knoglebrud hos patienter, der lider af osteoporose (knogleskørhed). Strontiummalonat (SrM) er under udvikling som et nyt lægemiddel til behandling og forebyggelse af knogleskørhed, og SrM har som medicinal...

  8. Social kapital- introduktion til Robert Putnam

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skaarup, Inge Marie

    2011-01-01

    Artiklen behandler de tre centrale begreber i Robert Putnams teori om social kapital. Det drejer sig om følgende: Fælles normer for generaliseret gensidighed, netværk og social tillid. Begreberne beskrives og diskuteres, bl.a. ved brug af eksempler fra pædagogisk praksis.......Artiklen behandler de tre centrale begreber i Robert Putnams teori om social kapital. Det drejer sig om følgende: Fælles normer for generaliseret gensidighed, netværk og social tillid. Begreberne beskrives og diskuteres, bl.a. ved brug af eksempler fra pædagogisk praksis....

  9. SE-selskabet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schaumburg-Müller, Peer; Werlauff, Erik

    Bogen behandler den særlige, fælleseuropæiske aktieselskabstype, der står til valgfri disposition for virksomhederne i form af europæiske aktieselskaber, såkaldte SE-selskaber, som alene kan stiftes ved en grænseoverskridende transaktion.......Bogen behandler den særlige, fælleseuropæiske aktieselskabstype, der står til valgfri disposition for virksomhederne i form af europæiske aktieselskaber, såkaldte SE-selskaber, som alene kan stiftes ved en grænseoverskridende transaktion....

  10. Long-term follow-up on affinity maturation and memory B-cell generation in patients with common variable immunodeficiency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ballegaard, Vibe Cecilie Diederich; Permin, H; Katzenstein, T L;

    2013-01-01

    Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) comprises a heterogeneous group of primary immunodeficiency disorders. Immunophenotyping of memory B cells at the time of diagnosis is increasingly used for the classification of patients into subgroups with different clinical prognoses. The EUROclass...

  11. NIH Study Finds Regular Aspirin Use May Reduce Ovarian Cancer Risk

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... NIGMS NIMH NIMHD NINDS NINR NLM CC CIT CSR FIC NCATS NCCIH OD About NIH Who We ... limited treatment options and poor prognoses, making preventive strategies potentially important for controlling this disease. Chronic or ...

  12. Understanding Cancer Prognosis

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... M.D., a national expert on doctor-patient communications, talks with one of his patients about what ... is also a national expert in doctor-patient communication share their perspectives on their cancer prognoses. Learn ...

  13. Two cases of primary ovarian neuroblastoma arising from mature cystic teratomas ☆

    OpenAIRE

    Niwa, Yuri; YAMAMURO, OSAMU; Kato, Noriko; Tsuzuki, Toyonori

    2013-01-01

    Highlights • Primary ovarian neuroblastomas are extremely rare and have poor prognoses. • This report provides results of the same combination therapy in two cases, which indicated its efficacy for ovarian neuroblastoma.

  14. Low-Molecular Weight Caldesmon in Glioma Neovascularization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.P. Zheng (Pingpin)

    2005-01-01

    textabstractOndanks grote vooruitgang in neuroradiologische beeldvorming, neurochirurgische technieken, radiotherapeutische methodieken en de recente successen met chemotherapeutische behandeling van gliale tumoren, blijft de prognose van patienten met dergelijke tumoren, in het bijzonder de maligne

  15. Dentalmaterialer kan udløse orale allergiske reaktioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Røn Larsen, Kristine; Johansen, Jeanne Duus; Arenholt-Bindslev, Dorthe;

    2013-01-01

    Mange af de materialer, der anvendes i forbindelse med diagnostik, profylakse og behandling af sygdomme i mundhulen (her betegnet dentalmaterialer), kan udløse akutte eller kroniske reaktioner, herunder egentlige allergiske reaktioner. I klinikken kan det være vanskeligt at skelne mundslimhindefo...

  16. Hvem vandt 1. Verdenskrig? - Krige, katastrofer og epidemier har altid hjulpet hinanden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sodemann, Morten

    2008-01-01

    sygelighed og dødelighed i komplekse katastrofer inkluderer beskyttelse mod vold og overgreb, sikring af fødevarer, vaccinationskampagner, muligheder for håndvask, diarrékontrol, mor-barn sundhed og korrekt behandling af de hyppigste infektioner. Krige skaber flygtninge, og mobile befolkningsgrupper er...

  17. Kost - mad - næring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Niklasson, Grit

    2010-01-01

    Kapitlet handler om kost og forskellige aspekter af menneskeføde og dens indtagelse. Mad- og måltidspolitik i institutionerne behandles, og ligeså næringsstofferne og deres betydning for kroppens sundhed, herunder også konsekvenserne af fejlernæring. Også allergi og intolerans over for fødeemner ...

  18. Livskvalitet og pædagogisk relationsarbejde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Peter

    2010-01-01

    Kapitlet beskæftiger sig med begrebet livskvalitet som social sundhed. Det handler om netværk og disses betydning for sundhed og livskvalitet. Desuden behandles begreberne selvopfattelse og mestringsevne, som sammen med netværksbegrebet udfoldes i en dynamisk sundheds- og livskvalitetsmodel....

  19. Det flerkulturelle samfund

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skytte, Marianne

    2006-01-01

    Kapitlet behandler om følgende temaer: Udviklingen i den danske befolkningssammensætning; nationalitet, kultur og etnicitet i dagens samfund, forskellige typer af etnicitets- og kulturforståelse; Stereotypier, stigmatisering og diskrimination; forskellige barndomsvilkår; integrationsstrategier...

  20. Det dynamiske drama

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schneider, Magnus Tessing

    2006-01-01

    Artiklen behandler forskydningerne i Jan Kotts tre læsninger af A Midsummer Night's Dream fra hhv. 1964 ('Titania and the Ass's Head'), 1981 ('The Bottom Translation') og 1993 ('Bottom and the Boys'). Da de er skrevet på baggrund af forskellige historiske situationer, repræsenterer de tre essays ...

  1. Sundhedsvæsenets organisation og funktion øger social ulighed i sundhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vedsted, Peter

    2014-01-01

    stor sundhedsfaglig og politisk bevågenhed. Størstedelen af den sociale ulighed i sundhed skyldes sygdomme, som er afledt af livsvaner og psykisk helbred. Derfor har sundhedsvæsenet i de senere år har prioriteret forebyggelse, behandling og opfølgning. Trods ønsket om nem, lige og hurtig adgang til...

  2. Libanon i regionen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Søren

    2011-01-01

    Artiklen behandler Libanons regionale relationer, herunder forholdet til Syrien og Iran. Syrien har gjort krav på Libanon, grebet ind i borgerkrigten, rømmet landet, bevaret agenter og en vis opbakning, er mistænkt i Hariri-sagen, og er senest dybt påvirket af det arabiske forår. Ikke en nem, men...

  3. SundtHjem projektet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aarhus, Rikke; Ballegaard, Stinne Aaløkke; Hansen, Thomas Riisgaard

    for sundhedssystemet, hvor stadig mere behandling sker på centraliserede og specialiserede hospitaler, og hvor patienten i langt højere grad forventes at varetage væsentlig egenomsorg. For at udforske dette problemfelt har projektets partnere (Logica, Polycom, Aarhus Sygehus Skejby, Aarhus Universitet) arbejdet med en...

  4. Elevers læring gennem undersøgelse og faglig læsning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Negendahl, Kim; Daugbjerg, Peer

    2014-01-01

    Med afsæt i Prof. Jens Rasmussens (2013) argumenter for undervisningsdifferentiering vha. præstationsstandarder behandles differentiering af naturfagsundervisnings målsætning for alle skolens elever. Fokus vil være på læreres arbejde med undervisningsplaner og opstillede mål i forhold til undervi...

  5. Nanoscale Polymeric Amphiphiles by Combination of Controlled Polymerizations and "Click" Reactions: Implications for Drug Delivery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Javakhishvili, Irakli

    polymerisationsteknikker i effektivt samspil med ”klik”-reaktioner udgør et pålideligt og særdeles anvendeligt arsenal af syntetiske strategier der muliggør konstruktion af diverse multivalente amfifile materialer med kerne-skal struktur og potentialet til medicin levering ved cancer behandling...

  6. Early literacy and inclusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Anders Skriver

    Dette paper behandler skriftsprogstilegnelse med særligt henblik på inklusion. Det analyserer aktuel dansk policy, og giver et eksempel på inkluderende praksis vha. en såkaldt sproghistorie (EASE-projektet). Dette paper diskuterer også et amerikansk paper om inklusion og skriftsprogstilegnelse, o...

  7. Hvis Al Bashir kommer forbi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjeldgaard-Pedersen, Astrid

    2009-01-01

    For første gang i sin historie udstedte Den Internationale Straffedomstol (»ICC«) i marts 2009 en arrestordre mod et siddende statsoverhoved. Artiklen behandler en række spørgsmål om statsrepræsentanters immunitet, fortolkningen af Statutten for Den Internationale Straffedomstol (»ICC Statutten«)...

  8. Live Speed Analysis, en app til hastighedsmålinger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bolet, Lars; Christensen, Peter Muhlig; Halskov-Sørensen, Asbjørn;

    2013-01-01

    I et bachelorprojekt har tre studerende udviklet en app, som kan registrere og behandle hastigheder ved den såkaldte spejlmetode. App'en er siden videreudviklet, så registreringerne stedfæstes, tidstemples og uploades til en fæIIes database. App'en er frit tilgængelig. Den kan bruges af vejforval...

  9. Kliniske ganganalyser - hvad er det?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bencke, Jesper

    2007-01-01

    Artiklen beskriver kliniske biomekaniske ganganalyser som et redskab til objektiv 3-dimensionel beskrivelse af gang. I artiklen gennemgås procedurer for undersøgelsen, behandling af data, samt afrapportering og tværfaglig konference med deltagelse af involverede læger, biomekanikere og fysioterap...

  10. Forum for godtgørelse efter urimelig opsigelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lone L.

    2012-01-01

    Artiklen behandler kompetenceafgrænsningen mellem domstolene og de fagretlige organer, som på det ansættelses- og arbejdsretlige område giver anledning til betydelige vanskeligheder. Der er inden for de seneste år afsagt en række domme om godtgørelseskrav for urimelig opsigelse, som bidrager til ...

  11. Bruk av captive forsikringsselskap i internasjonal olje- og energiforsikring : Belyst ved Statoil Forsikring a.s.

    OpenAIRE

    2010-01-01

    Oppgaven tar for seg bruken av captive forsikringsselskaper, herunder særskilt Statoil Forsikring a.s. I tillegg behandles den gjensidige mekanismen for energiforsikring - O.I.L., behovet for captive-fronting i fremmede jurisdiksjoner, samt forsikringsordningen for SDØE på norsk kontinentalsokkel.

  12. Concerning Styles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klitmøller, Jacob

    Dunn & Dunn Læringsstilsmodel er en indflydelsesrig og udbredt undervisningsmetode. Modellen er en del af et større felt af stilteorier i hvilket stile antages at være individuelle forskelle i hvordan personer behandler information og håndterer opgaver. Stile bliver oftest begrebsliggjort som for...

  13. Notat vedr. regn, rørdimensionering og bassindimensionering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bentzen, Thomas Ruby

    Dette notat vil redegøre for simple men meget anvendte metoder til dimensionering af afløbssystemer. Notatet vil primært behandle overfladevand(regnvand) som på en tilfredsstillende måde skal kunne ledes gennem afløbssystemet. Såfremt f.eks. husspildevand skal medtages er dimensioneringsprocedure...

  14. Depression og placebo

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Kaj Sparle

    2016-01-01

    Metaanalyser har længe dokumenteret, at effekten af behandling med antidepressive lægemidler er begrænset sammenlignet med effekten af placebobehandling. Antidepressive lægemidler er kun sikkert virksomme hos svært deprimerede personer. Psykoterapi og antidepressive lægemidler er lige effektive h...

  15. How nice to be good at it

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gregersen, Frans

    2010-01-01

    De emner og forfattere der behandles er: tekst og undertekst i dagligsprog og fiktionsprosa: Ian McEwan, fortællerstilarter: Walter Scott og citatpraksis: dagligsproget. Artiklens pointe er at påvise sammenhængen mellem dagligsproget og kunstprosaens videre forarbejdning af effekter herfra....

  16. International økonomi. 3.udgave

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Erik Strøjer; Nielsen, Jørgen Ulff-Møller; Pedersen, Kurt

    Tredie udgave af International Økonomi er udvidet en del i forhold til den forrige. De vigtigste udvidelser er den 'nye udenrigshandelsteori', som er udskilt i et selvstændigt kapitel, og koordination af den økonomiske politik mellem landene, der i bogens afsluttende kapitel behandles teoretisk s...

  17. Sprog og kreativitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Henrik

    2010-01-01

    Artiklen diskuterer forholdet mellem sprogets systematiske aspekter og et åbent kreativitetsbegreb. Artiklen behandler orddannelse, syntaks og ordforråd mere i detaljer ved hjælp af tre teksteksempler: et anonymt barokdigt, et fragment af I.P.Jacobsen og en monolog af Linda P....

  18. Medarbejdernes retsstilling ved grænseoverskridende overtagelse og fusion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lone L.

    Bogen, der er en publiceret ph.d.-afhandling, analyserer en række komplekse spørgsmål om medarbejdernes retsstilling, når den virksomhed, de arbejder i, overtages af en udenlandsk virksomhed gennem majoritetsovertagelse, virksomhedsoverdragelse, fusion eller spaltning. Afhandlingen behandler over...

  19. Kampen om terrorisme

    OpenAIRE

    Fonvig, Marie; Fruensgaard, Jonas; Hansen, Rikke Østergård; Denise, Robinson; Snare, Helga Maria; Therese, Wojcik

    2006-01-01

    Rapporten behandler ud fra en diskursteoretisk tilgang de definitionsproblematikker, der opstår når begrebet terrorisme skal defineres i fællesskab i den globale arena. Dette eksemplificeret i form af Hamas i Palæstina.

  20. Åbne læringsressourcer - mod en sociokulturel teori om læringsressourcer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalsgaard, Christian

    2007-01-01

    Afhandlingen behandler spørgsmålet om, hvordan it-baserede læringsressourcer udvikles med udgangspunkt i et læringsteoretisk grundlag. Læringsressourcer forstås som alle typer af ressourcer eller materialer, der anvendes til at understøtte læreprocesser. Formålet med afhandlingen at opstille et t...

  1. Coaching patients to self-care: a primary responsibility of nursing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hørdam, Britta

    2010-01-01

    Anmelselse af international forskning:Formål: En australsk undersøgelse har fokus på aktivt at støtte og guide ældre til en rehabiliterende egenomsorg efter udskrivelse fra behandling på sygehus. Metode: Med afsæt i grounded theory udvikles en model for rehabiliterende sygepleje, hvor sygeplejers...

  2. Fastnachtspiele in Northern Europe in the Later Middle Ages

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søndergaard, Leif

    2013-01-01

    Behandler alle kendte fastelavnsspil i Skandinavien og det nedertyske område fra slutningen af 1300-tallet til begyndelsen af 1500-tallet i sammenhæng. Det drejer sig om 10 spil af vidt forskellig art med meget forskellige emner....

  3. Paclitaxels farmakogenomik hos patienter med kræft i æggestokken

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bergmann, Troels Korshøj; Mirza, Mansoor Raza; Andersen, Charlotte Brasch;

    Formål og baggrund: Paclitaxel (Taxol®) er et kemoterapeutikum der bruges til behandling af bl.a æggestokkræft. Paclitaxel doseres individuelt (175mg/m2) men alligevel er der klinisk betydende variation i forekomsten af bivirkninger (neurotoksicitet, kvalme/opkast, knoglemarvspåvirkning m...

  4. Henvisning, assessment og egnethed til musikterapi i psykiatrisk regi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hannibal, Niels

    2003-01-01

    I denne artikel beskrives og uddybes emnerne henvisning, assessment og egnethed til musikterapi. Først redegøres for typiske henvisningsgrunde til musikterapi og for hvilken psykoterapeutisk behandling musikterapien i psykiatrien tilbyder. Derefter gennemgås de egnethedskriterier der ligge til gr...

  5. Vejsalg, gårdbutikker og fritidsfiskere - den informelle økonomi på Samsø

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Rasmus Ole

    2007-01-01

    Bidraget behandler den uformelle økonomi på Samsø, med udgangspunkt i den første kortlægning nogensinde af den del af den uformelle økonomi som er forbundet med salg af produkter som er relaterede til naturgrundlaget. De mange vejboder er et iøjnefaldende element i landskabet, og nogle af dem har...

  6. Resultatstyring omkring børsintroduktioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sommer, Rasmus S.

    2000-01-01

    I En artikel i FINANS/INVEST 7/00 behandler Jan Bo Jakobsen aktiemarkedets reaktioner på danske børsintroduktioner på kort og lang sigt. Jan Bo Jakobsen refererer resultater, der viser at IPO-aktierne på lang sigt i gennemsnit underperfor- mer overfor markedet, men finder ingen forlkaring herpå. ...

  7. "Nogenledes et Generalkort over Naturen"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mellemgaard, Signe

    2015-01-01

    Artiklen behandler de naturhistoriske samlinger, som i slutningen af 1700-tallet var blevet almindelige i de europæiske hovedstæder. Samlinger af mineraler, insekter eller konkylier skulle modsvare naturens orden, så man kunne beundre naturen igennem samlingen. Artiklen ser på samlingerne i lyset...

  8. Andersen and Tradition. Animal Tales and 'Zaubermärchen'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Viggo Hjørnager

    2010-01-01

    Artiklen behandler to delvis overlappende litterære former og Andersens forhold til dem. Det drejer sig om dyrefortællingen med personificerede dyr og eventyret med overnaturlige væsener, 'trylleeventyret'. Andersen arvede begge disse former og kom så på sin side til at danne forbillede for andre...

  9. Kunstens psykologi og sansningens primat

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Levin, Kasper

    2012-01-01

    . Spørgsmålet er imidlertid om ikke kunstpsykologien udelukker sig selv fra væsentlige indsigter ved på denne måde at behandle kunstværker som traditionelt empiriske eller repræsentationelle genstande. Med udgangspunkt i en analyse af Sigmund Freuds tilgang til kunst vil jeg pege på filosoffen Gilles Deleuze...

  10. Kultur og etnicitet på arbejde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steensen, Jette Johanne Elisabeth; Day, Barbara Noel

    Gennem temaerne etnicitet, etnisk udvikling, kultur, multikulturalitet og racisme behandler bogen emnet interkulturel kompetence fra såvel et teoretisk som et praktisk perrspektiv. Teorierne giver dermed indblik i en lang række praksisfelter såsom socialt arbejde, skole hjem samarbejde, demokratisk...

  11. Danskernes racisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Necef, Mehmet Ümit

    2010-01-01

    Jens Peter Frølund Thomsen, politolog fra Århus Universitet, har i bogen Konflikten om de nye danskere (2006) undersøgt danskernes holdninger til her-boende etniske minoriteter, herunder racismens omfang og dens former. Ar-tiklen diskuterer Thomsens definition på racisme og hans behandling af sin...

  12. Attachment patterns and Mentalization in Traumatized Refugees

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Riber, Karin

    Poster Titel: Proces-præsentation: Tilknytningsmønstre og Refleksiv Funktion hos Traumatiserede Flygtninge. Introduktion. Gennem de senere år har empirisk forskning dokumenteret tilknytningsmønstre som en central variabel, der påvirker proces og effekt i psykologisk behandling på vigtige måder. T...

  13. Tilfredshedsundersøgelse af Palliativt Team Fyn

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Paulsen, Maja Skov

    2007-01-01

    Behandling af døende patienter i eget hjem kan være en vanskelig og udfor­ drende opgave. Målet med behand­ lingen skifter fra kurativt til lindrende, hvilket udfordrer selvopfattelsen som be­ handler, og samtidig vil palliativ behand­ ling ofte rumme komplicerede medicinsk faglige problemstillin...

  14. Nitrification biokinetics in rapid sand filters for drinking water treatment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tatari, Karolina

    Danmarks drikkevandsforsyning er udelukkende baseret på grundvand – og mere end 2500 vandværker behandler hver dag vand til de danske forbrugere. Selv om denne vandbehandling betegnes som simpel, er den i virkeligheden baseret på komplicerede mikrobielle processer, som vi hidtil har vidst relativ...

  15. The Constitution of Partnering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gottlieb, Stefan Christoffer

    The constitution of partnering. Afhandlingen behandler konstitueringen af ledelseskonceptet partnering og dets anvendelse i dansk byggeri. Partnering er et udbredt koncept i byggeriet som betoner samarbejde, tillid og gensidighed mellem de deltagende parter, og konceptet har de senere år har været...

  16. Personlighedsudredninger i børne- og undgomspsykiatrisk regi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Lone Hjerrild; Lichtenstein, Mia Beck

    2012-01-01

    personlighedstestene NEO PI-R og Rorschach. Målgruppen var unge i alderen 15-18 år i behandling i ungdomspsykiatrien. Konklusionen var, at NEO PI-R kan anvendes i en ungdomspsykiatrisk population, men at der skal tages forbehold for bl.a. alder. Sammen med Rorschach giver de to tests en stærk beskrivelse af en klients...

  17. SOS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pecseli, Benedicta

    2015-01-01

    Dette støttepapir kan ikke stå alene. Teksten er alene tænkt som en hjælp til gruppearbejdet eller den enkelte midt i skriveprocessen og kan ikke anvendes, hvis man ikke er godt hjemme i grundbøgernes behandling af de samme emner. Det anbefales at følge undervisernes instrukser, anvisninger i gru...

  18. Kan sikker medicinering opnås gennem en ændring i organisationens kompetenceudvikling af sygeplejersker?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Ann Lykkegaard

    , Psykiatrien, Region Nordjylland Formål: I det nationale initiativ “Sikker Psykiatri”, lanceret af Dansk Selskab for Patientsikkerhed, er der blandt andet sat fokus på sikker medicinering via medicingennemgang. Med den baggrund at patienters medicinske behandling udelukkende er en lægefaglig opgave, men...

  19. Regulering og indregulering af større varmeanlæg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ovesen, K.; Christiansen, J.; Schmidt-Jørgensen, F.;

    Rapporten beskriver hvordan man når frem til den samlede principløsning for central regulering, indregulering, lokal regulering og tidsstyring, når der skal gennemføres energibesparende foranstaltninger i større varmeanlæg. Desuden behandles blandt andet indreguleringsniveauer, indregulering af p...

  20. Letbeton 1

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Meyer, E.V.; Nerenst, P.

    Denne SBI-anvisning giver en orienterende gennemgang af alle de forhold ved letbeton, som det er gavnligt for de fleste af byggeriets folk at have viden om. Den behandler fortrinsvis letbetoner fremstillet ved skumdannelse og ved luftudviklilng. Selve fremstillingsprocessen er kort beskrevet, sål...

  1. La dilution linguistique des reponsabilités : Essai de description polyphonique des marqueurs évidentiels il semble que et il paraît que

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nølke, Henning

    1994-01-01

    Er intet andet angivet, forventes assertive sproghandlinger at støtte sig til evidens, den talende sidder inde med; han er sandhedsgarant. Han kan dog med 'evidentials' eksplicit angive, hvorfra evidensen kommer, og af hvilken slags den er. Artiklen behandler de to franske evidentials il semble que...

  2. Når sandheden skal frem

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Borberg, Vibeke

    2008-01-01

    Princippet om offentlighed i retsplejen sikrer, at borgerne kan få information om domstolenes behandling og afgørelse af straffesager og civile sager. Princippet er rodfæstet som en demokratisk grundrettighed i en sådan grad, at den juridiske og samfundsteoretiske litteratur kun har beskæftiget s...

  3. Revisors kompetence - efteruddannelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiertzner, Lars

    2010-01-01

    Nærværende artikel behandler efteruddannelseskravene for revisorer. Først præsenteres kravene for godkendte revisorer i afsnit 1 om de kompetencekrav, der stilles for at opnå godkendelse, og i afsnit 2 om efteruddannelseskravene, som de med virkning fra 1.1. 2009 er udmøntet i revisorloven (RL), ...

  4. From Stigma to Assertion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Denne antologi indeholder otte bidrag af antropologer, historikere og religionsforskere til belysning af fortidens "urørlige kaster" og nutidens "dalits" i Indien. Specielt virkningerne af den indiske stats reservationspolitik over for disse grupper behandles. Denne politik har på én gang forbedr...

  5. National Tax Law - Under Influence of EU Rules for Freedom of Movement of Goods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thygesen, Jette

    2013-01-01

    Artiklen behandler de EU-retlige problemstillinger, som en medlemsstat skal være opmærksom på i forbindelse med indførelsen af nationale afgifter. De fiskale kompetencer ligger som udgangspunkt hos de enkelte medlemsstater i EU, men med medlemskabet af EU følger forpligtelser til at overholde en ...

  6. Akupunktur til patienten med kvalme og opkastning i forbindelse med kemoterapi - er der evidens for dette?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Birgith; Sørensen, Lene Bundgaard; Stricker, Lisbeth;

    2008-01-01

      Patienter, der får kemoterapi med højemetogene stoffer lider stadig af kvalme og opkastning trods understøttende behandling med moderne antieemtika som 5HT3-antagonister eksempelvis ondansetron. Akupunkturstimulation anvendes for flere lidelser i sundhedsvæsenet og det undersøges om der er evid...

  7. Evidens for akupunktur til patienter med kvalme og opkastning i forbindelse med kemoterapi? Et litteraturstudie

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Birgith; Bundgaard Sørensen, Lene; Stricker, Lisbeth;

    2008-01-01

    Patienter, der får kemoterapi med højemetogene stoffer lider stadig af kvalme og opkastning trods understøttende behandling med moderne antieemtika som 5HT3-antagonister eksempelvis ondansetron. Akupunkturstimulation anvendes for flere lidelser i sundhedsvæsenet og det undersøges om der er eviden...

  8. De hjemsøgende og de hjemsøgte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baake-Hansen, Martin

    Afhandlingen behandler spørgsmålet om vores forhold til hjemstavnen, om følelsen af nostalgi, om oplevelsen af eksil, og om den ambivalente forestilling om hjemkomst - med udgangspunkt i tre vigtige, tysksprogede forfatterskaber fra det 20. århundrede, der deler et både intenst og sammensat forho...

  9. Sygepleje mellem pakker og personer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Niels Sandholm

    og af problemer med at rekruttere og fastholde sundhedsfaglig arbejdskraft. Som følge af demografiske ændringer antages særligt behandling og rehabilitering af kronisk syge ældre at udgøre et voksende indsatsområde. Sygeplejerskernes faglige organisation har været aktiv i etablering af kommunale...

  10. School Classes for Talented Pupils

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Annette; Rasmussen, Palle

    Det hævdes ofte, at der er behov for særlige indsatser for at stimulere de mest talentfulde elever i skolen. I artiklen behandles dette spørgsmål i sociologisk perspektiv, på baggrund af følgeforskning i forbindelse med en "talentklasse" i Nordjylland....

  11. Implementering af evidensbaseret praksis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scheel, Linda Schumann; Tewes, Marianne; Petersen, Preben Ulrich

    2015-01-01

    Projektet omhandler implementering af den kliniske retningslinje om identifikation, forebyggelse og behandling af delirium – i denne sammenhæng relateret til hjertepatienter. Projektet foregår på to hospitaler i Hjertecentret på Rigshospitalet, et intensivt afsnit og et sengeafsnit, i tæt...

  12. Foreløbige retsmidler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2008-01-01

    Artiklen behandler foreløbige retsmidler ved EF-domstolen, fx mod Danmarks fortsatte byggeri af Storebæltsbroen i strid med fællesskabsretlige udbudsregler eller mod ikrafttrædelsen af en forbundslov om tyske motorvejsafgifter i strid med kravet om ligebehandling af inden- og udenlandske vognmænd...

  13. Kontraktetablering i supervision

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Karen Vibeke; Jacobsen, Claus Haugaard

    2007-01-01

    Kapitlet behandler kontraktetablering i supervision, et element, der ofte er blevet negligeret eller endog helt forbigået ved indledningen af supervisionsforløb. Sikre aftaler om emner som tid, sted, procedurer for fremlæggelse, fortrolighed, ansvarsfordeling og evaluering skaber imidlertid tryghed...

  14. Growth of the endocrine pancreas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gaarn, Louise Winkel

    Diabetes er karakteriseret ved en enten absolut eller relativ mangel paa insulin producerende ß-celler (henholdsvis type 1 og 2 diabetes). Den mest oplagte behandling ville vaere at genskabe den funktionelle ß-cellemasse ved enten regenerering eller celle terapi og dermed genindfoere normal gluco...

  15. Music as support and challenge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Lars Ole

    2010-01-01

    Første del af forskningsrapport om gruppemusikterapi med psykiatriske patienter i ambulant behandling. Metoden kaldes "Musiklytning og indre billeder" og der anvendes klassisk musik med såvel støttende som udfordrende elementer. Den artikel opridser den teoretiske baggrund for anvendelsen af denn...

  16. Efter selskabsreformen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2009-01-01

    Artiklen behandler de skatteretlige konsekvenser af den del af den store danske selskabsreform 2009/10, som fremtidigt tillader aktionær-, anpartshaver- og ledelseslån, når nogle grundlæggende betingelser er opfyldt. Nogle skatteretlige konsekvensændringer (en ny bestemmelse i ligningslovens § 16...

  17. The Coke Zero Game - Analyse af advergames som kommunikationsprodukt

    OpenAIRE

    Scherfig, Valentin T.; Bendixen, Maria; Larsen, Line N.; Gudmundsson, Soffia

    2010-01-01

    Dette projekt behandler kommunikationsgenren advergames, med udgangspunkt i The Coke Zero Game (2008). Spillet analyseres som kommunikationsprodukt, ved brug af spilteori og empiri i form af fokusgruppeinterview. Opgaven konkluderer på, hvorvidt spillet formår at kommunikere et givent budskab.

  18. Kommunikationskritisk kompetence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bundsgaard, Jeppe; Frahm, Henrik; Christiansen, Eva Therese;

    Bogen Kommunikationskritisk kompetence undersøger, hvordan danskfaget med sine begreber, tilgange og metoder kan understøtte, at eleverne udvikler kompetencer, så de kan håndtere udfordringer i de situationer, de står i. Kommunikationskritisk kompetence behandler emner som politisk kommunikation,......, reality-tv, computerspil, køn, dokumentarfilm og børnelitteratur....

  19. An adherent nerve root – Classification and exercise therapy in a patient diagnosed with lumbar disc prolapse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Melbye, Martin

    2010-01-01

    Patienter med diskusprolaps får oftest besked på, at det ikke skal gøre ondt for at gøre godt, i forbindelse med behandling og genoptræning. Der findes dog en ganske lille gruppe patienter som udvikler en restriktiv tilstand, hvor der dannes adhærencer ved nerveroden, i forbindelse med opheling a...

  20. Udlicitering og medarbejdere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schaumburg-Muller, Peer; Werlauff, Erik

    Bogen behandler offentlig udlicitering og privat outsourcing, særligt i forhold til lønmodtagerbeskyttelsen. Den sætter fokus på, hvornår en udlicitering eller outsourcing er ensbetydende med en virksomhedsoverdragelse i virksomhedsoverdragelseslovens forstand, og hvad konsekvenserne i så fald er...