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Sample records for afectados por sales

  1. Enfermedad cardiovascular en pacientes cubanos afectados por Ataxia de Friedreich.

    OpenAIRE

    Tania Cruz Mariño; Ana Luz Portelles Caminero; William Áreas Zalazar; Luís Velázquez Pérez

    2010-01-01

    Al describir la ataxia de Friedreich, Nicholaus hizo referencia a la patología cardiaca. Esta enfermedad autosómica recesiva se debe a una mutación dinámica en el gen FRDA, codificándose deficientemente la proteína Frataxina, conduciendo a estrés oxidativo y muerte celular cardiaca. La presente investigación se desarrolló con el objetivo de describir las anomalías cardiovasculares presentes en los pacientes cubanos afectados por ataxia de Friedreich. A los individuos con diagnóstico molecular...

  2. Tabla de supervivencia de Pinus Halepensis afectado por incendios forestales

    OpenAIRE

    BORDON PEREZ, PABLO; Pérez-Laorga Arias, Eduardo María; Estruch Fuster, Vicente Domingo; Rodrigo Santamalia, Mª Eugenia

    2012-01-01

    En la Comunidad Valenciana se producen numerosos incendios forestales especialmente en los meses de verano, afectando principalmente a pino carrasco (Pinus halepensis Mill), que es la especie más abundante. Se ha realizado el seguimiento de pinos parcialmente afectados por el fuego en dos incendios que se produjeron en agosto de 2007 y julio de 2009. En estos árboles se midieron: altura del árbol, altura del fuste, diámetro normal, diámetro basal, espesor de corteza, altura del fuste y altura...

  3. Enfermedad cardiovascular en pacientes cubanos afectados por Ataxia de Friedreich.

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    Tania Cruz Mariño

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Al describir la ataxia de Friedreich, Nicholaus hizo referencia a la patología cardiaca. Esta enfermedad autosómica recesiva se debe a una mutación dinámica en el gen FRDA, codificándose deficientemente la proteína Frataxina, conduciendo a estrés oxidativo y muerte celular cardiaca. La presente investigación se desarrolló con el objetivo de describir las anomalías cardiovasculares presentes en los pacientes cubanos afectados por ataxia de Friedreich. A los individuos con diagnóstico molecular confirmatorio de la enfermedad se les realizó electrocardiograma y ecocardiograma, así como evaluación clínica mediante escalas validadas internacionalmente: ICARS y SARA. Los trastornos de repolarización ventricular difusos, los trastornos de conducción intraauricular, así como los trastornos de la función diastólica resultaron hallazgos frecuentes. El patrón restrictivo apreciado provee evidencia invivo de que la enfermedad conduce a disfunción diastólica del ventrículo izquierdo. La ocurrencia de un Infarto Agudo del Miocardio silente indica la importancia de identificar formas incipientes de afectación miocárdica.

  4. Excavación, traslado y reubicación de petroglifos afectados por obras públicas: la experiencia del Morrazo (Galicia).

    OpenAIRE

    Mañana-Borrazás, Patricia; Seoane-Veiga, Yolanda

    2008-01-01

    [ES] Se presentan tres actuaciones llevadas a cabo en el año 2003, con el fin de mitigar el impacto que la construcción de una carretera de alta capacidad (corredor) produciría sobre varios petroglifos de la comarca del Morrazo (Galicia). Los grabados estaban directamente afectados por las obras, por lo que se adoptó como medida correctora su excavación, extracción y traslado. Las excavaciones se plantearon en torno a las rocas grabadas, tratando de proporcionar información de su contexto arq...

  5. Intervención psicopedagógica en niños afectados por el síndrome TDAH. Estudio experimental

    OpenAIRE

    Campeño Martínez, Yoana

    2013-01-01

    El objetivo principal de esta investigación ha sido analizar la efectividad de la aplicación de un programa de intervención basado en el desarrollo de estrategias metacognitivas para mejorar la atención y la reflexividad denominado PIIAR-RI, (Gargallo, 1997) a un grupo de alumnos afectados por el síndrome TDAH, fundamentando los resultados en las percepciones de profesores y padres a través de la aplicación del EMA-DDA y comprobando, asimismo, la congruencia entre las percepciones de ambos, r...

  6. Delimitación de zonas federales y áreas de amortiguamiento en ríos afectados por el crecimiento urbano como estrategia para prevenir inundaciones

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    Adrián Leonardo Ferriño Fierro

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available En la actualidad, debido al crecimiento de las zonas urbanas y la ocupación de las márgenes de los ríos en las ciudades, vivimos en constante riesgo, invirtiendo enormes cantidades de recursos económicos en reconstrucciones y apoyo a damnificados por las inundaciones. Si bien las inundaciones son eventos naturales que se presentan en todo el mundo, sus consecuencias pueden variar según características de desarrollo histórico, socioeconómicas y culturales de las ciudades, y del respeto de las áreas hidráulicas y zonas de amortiguamiento de sus corrientes de agua. En la presente investigación, se desarrolló una propuesta para determinar áreas de amortiguamiento en ríos afectados por el crecimiento urbano para prevenir inundaciones, basada en aspectos técnicos, legales y ambientales. El caso de estudio fue el río Pesquería dentro de la zona metropolitana de Monterrey al cruzar por los municipios de García, Monterrey, General Escobedo, Apodaca, y Pesquería, Nuevo León.

  7. Barreras de inserción al mundo laboral de los estudiantes universitarios afectados por discapacidad visual

    OpenAIRE

    Polo Sánchez, María Tamara

    2005-01-01

    En la última década asistimos a importantes transformaciones en la atención psicopedagógica relacionada con las personas afectadas por una discapacidad. La realidad de nuestros días pone de manifiesto como los discapacitados visuales pueden acceder a un sistema socioeducativo abierto a la diversidad, desde la variedad de circunstancias personales. El resultado de estas actuaciones muestra como el volumen de dichos discapacitados que se articulan en los estudios universitarios, se acrecienta s...

  8. Características clínico-epidemiológicas de pacientes en edad pediátrica afectados por dermatofitosis

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    Yoan Bernardez Cruz

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: a pesar de que pocas especies de hongos son patógenos para los humanos y aun cuando su importancia  es menor que las de las bacterias o los virus, no son insignificantes como causa de enfermedades. Desde el punto de vista práctico se ha comprobado que las micosis que estos causan representan uno de los primeros motivos de consulta dermatológica en nuestro país y el mundo. Objetivo: determinar las principales características clínico-epidemiológicas y de laboratorio de pacientes en edad pediátrica afectados por dermatofitosis. Métodos: estudio descriptivo, de serie de casos que incluyó 102 pacientes con diagnóstico de dermatofitosis cuya información fue  recogida de historias clínicas y en el laboratorio al realizarse raspado y cultivo de las lesiones. Resultados: se obtuvo mayor positividad en el examen por cultivo (70,59 %, frente a 66, 7 % en el examen por raspado; el Trichophyton rubrum fue el agente causal más frecuente en las uñas y en el cuerpo,  predominó en el grupo de 15 años y más, en los pacientes de color de piel blanca y en las féminas. La mayoría de los pacientes se infectaron a través del contacto con canes. Conclusiones: no son bajos los por cientos de pacientes pediátricos con dermatofitosis, la cual continúa siendo causa frecuente de consulta médica

  9. Procesos de evolución de la descontaminación "in situ" de suelos afectados por hidrocarburos

    OpenAIRE

    Maroto Arroyo, Esther

    2003-01-01

    El objetivo de la tesis doctoral es la determinación de forma cualitativa y cuantitativa de aquellos parámetros o variables que afectan directa o indirectamente en el proceso de descontaminación de un acuífero contaminado por hidrocarburos, empleando técnicas de descontaminación "in situ", estableciendo los parámetros que definirán el rendimiento y la eficacia del sistema, optimizando en un futuro las obras de descontaminación. Se ha propuesto un modelo de descontaminación basado en las tres ...

  10. La ocupación laboral de los convivientes con afectados por discapacidades. Un análisis multivariable

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    Spijker, Jeroen

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available As a result of deep demographic, health and social changes, as well as adjustments to public health policy that now seeks the maximum involvement of family members, the relationship between the role of caregiver and employment has observed many changes during the past decades. using the Spanish Survey on Disability, Deficiency and Health Status we investigate the relationship between co-residing with or caring for people with disabilities and employment using multivariate logistic regression analysis. results indicate that it is not gender but the role as caregiver that is the main determinant of being employed. it is also found that both roles become more burdensome at the expense of gender equality in homes that have to cope with the disability of one of its members.

    La relación entre el rol de cuidador y la actividad laboral ha cambiado mucho durante las últimas décadas, influida por la evolución del contexto demográfico, sanitario y sociológico, pero también por una política sociosanitaria que persigue la máxima implicación de los familiares. utilizando la Encuesta sobre Discapacidades, Deficiencias y Estado de Salud, y mediante el análisis de regresión logística multivariable, investigamos cómo se relacionan en los hogares la convivencia o cuidado de personas con discapacidad y la ocupación laboral de los convivientes. los resultados confirman que el determinante principal es la asunción del rol de cuidador y no el sexo, pero también se comprueba que los roles complementarios, masculinos y femeninos, se hacen más intensos en los hogares que deben afrontar la discapacidad de alguno de sus miembros, en detrimento de la igualación entre hombres y mujeres.

  11. Evaluación del comportamiento de arsénico, cobre, plomo y zinc en suelos afectados por el vertido de la mina de Aznalcóllar (Sevilla, España)

    OpenAIRE

    Sarria Carabalí, Margarita María

    2013-01-01

    Después del accidente de la mina de Aznalcóllar, los suelos afectados fueron sometidos a medidas de remediación para disminuir la contaminación generada principalmente por As, Cu, Pb y Zn, encontrándose que después de 6 años seguían teniendo problemas (Simón et al., 2009). Por lo anterior, se hizo un muestreo en tres perfiles de suelos contaminado (SC), remediado (SR) y no contaminado (SNC, no afectado por el vertido) en el sector “Puente de las Doblas” a los diez años de ocurrido el accident...

  12. IDENTIFICACIÓN DE DELECIONES EN AFECTADOS DE DISTROFIA MUSCULAR DE DUCHENNE Y BECKER (DMD/DMB Y DIAGNÓSTICO DE PORTADORAS POR METODOLOGÍAS MOLECULARES

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    Patricia Hernández Rodríguez

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available Se diseñó un ensayo de PCR múltiplex (6-plex que amplifica simultáneamente 6 exones del gen de la distrofina, estos exones son los que presentan mayor frecuencia de mutación. La proporción de deleciones observada en este estudio mediante el sistema 6-plex correspondió al31,25%, además el60% del total de las deleciones involucró los exones 44 al 52. Con el fin de identificar mujeres portadoras de DMD y DMB se utilizó el cálculo de dosis génica, a través de esta metodología fueron identificadas 7 mujeres como portadoras y 15 como no portadoras de deleción para los exones analizados, en este estudio no se encontró ninguna mujer como portadora de duplicación. Con la utilización de polimorfismos dinucleotídicos (CAn localizados en el interior del gen fue posible establecer inforrnación sobre el cromosoma X que posiblemente está afectado en el 63% de las mujeresanalizadas.

  13. Monitoring spatial and temporal dynamics of bird communities in Mediterranean landscapes affected by largewildfires = Seguimiento de la dinámica espacial y temporal de comunidades de aves en paisajes mediterráneos afectados por grandes fuegos

    OpenAIRE

    Zozaya, Elena L.; Brotons, Lluís; Herrando, Sergi; Pons, Pere; Rost, J.; Clavero, Miguel

    2010-01-01

    [ES] Se ha presentado una base de datos de aves en paisajes mediterráneos (Cataluña, NE España) afectados por incendios forestales y se ha evaluado: 1) la variabilidad espacial y temporal de la respuesta de la comunidad de aves al fuego y 2) el impacto de la vegetación antes del incendio en la composición de la comunidad de aves. La base de datos DINDIS contiene información avifaunística de todas las áreas forestales quemadas desde el año 2000 en Cataluña. Se utiliza la información disponible...

  14. Simulación de los shocks estructurales y coyunturales del sector turístico ern un destino canario afectado por estancamiento y declive

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    González Rodríguez, José Manuel

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo modelizamos la tendencia de la oferta turística en un área de la isla de Tenerife, en las Islas Canarias, cuyo crecimiento en los últimos años ha sido afectada por la conocida como fase de declive según la terminología de Butler. Utilizamos una versión modificada del “Point Matching Method” para resolver el problema deidentificación de parámetros en las ecuaciones logísticas y hemos obtenido una nueva versión de la ecuación de Bass que nos simula la tendencia real de la citada variable. Tal metodología se corresponde con la particular evolución de los diferentes destinos de atracción turística en el Archipiélago, que han completado sus ciclos de vida a despecho de intereses exógenos, asociados con la “particular” vinculación histórica de Canarias con la conocida Expansión Atlántica de ciertos países europeos. En concreto, basándonos en estudios previos podemos afrontar nuestro estudio al modo de la Teoría de la Lucha por Recursos Escasos, tal como fuera formulada por Vito Volterra. Por lo demás, los shocks de etiología coyuntural han sido enfrentados con un tratamiento de carácter estocástico, que nos ha permitido diferenciar la estructura epistemológica inicial de aquellos efectos puntuales, que habremos de asignar a la coyuntura económica de los países emisores de visitantes a nuestras Islas

  15. Delimitación de zonas federales y áreas de amortiguamiento en ríos afectados por el crecimiento urbano como estrategia para prevenir inundaciones

    OpenAIRE

    Adrián Leonardo Ferriño Fierro; Dagoberto Burgos Flores

    2015-01-01

    En la actualidad, debido al crecimiento de las zonas urbanas y la ocupación de las márgenes de los ríos en las ciudades, vivimos en constante riesgo, invirtiendo enormes cantidades de recursos económicos en reconstrucciones y apoyo a damnificados por las inundaciones. Si bien las inundaciones son eventos naturales que se presentan en todo el mundo, sus consecuencias pueden variar según características de desarrollo histórico, socioeconómicas y culturales de las ciudades, y del respeto de las ...

  16. Restauración ambiental y revegetación de los terrenos afectados por una obra civil lineal. Breve análisis del control de calidad realizado

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    Canga Cabañes, José Luis

    1996-04-01

    Full Text Available The report presents the results of an experience involving quality control for the environmental restoration and revegetation of the area affected by construction of a gas pipeline over 140 km long with an execution cost of 8,000 million pesetas. A brief account is given of the most relevant details of the work and the Revegetation Project. Most of the report centers on a description of the functions of the Environmental Control and Monitoring Team, discussing the main aspects of these functions, the advantages derived from them as regards the satisfactory result of the project and the economic profitability provided by the team's presence. The most important matters to be supervised in quality control are highlighted and illustrated by the experience gained on this project.

    Se exponen los resultados de una experiencia de control de calidad de los trabajos de restauración ambiental y revegetación de los terrenos afectados por la construcción de un gasoducto de más de 140 km de longitud y 8.000 millones de pesetas de coste de ejecución. Se indican brevemente los datos más relevantes de la obra y las principales magnitudes del Proyecto de Revegetación. La mayor parte del articulo se centra en explicar las funciones desempeñadas por el Equipo de Control y Vigilancia Ambiental, comentando sus aspectos esenciales, las ventajas que de ellas se han derivado para un buen resultado de las obras y la rentabilidad económica obtenida con su presencia. Se resaltan también las cuestiones más importantes a supervisar en un control de calidad, ilustrándolas con la experiencia obtenida.

  17. PRODUCCIÓN Y CALIDAD DE FRUTA EN CULTIVARES DE FRESA (Fragaria sp.) AFECTADOS POR ESTRÉS SALINO YIELD AND FRUIT QUALITY OF SALT-STRESSED STRAWBERRY CULTIVARS (Fragaria sp.)

    OpenAIRE

    Fánor Casierra-Posada; Nehidy García Riaño

    2006-01-01

    Dado que el agua es muy buen solvente, las aguas que se usan para riego contienen algunas sales disueltas. La salinidad restringe la disponibilidad de este líquido para las plantas mediante la reducción del potencial hídrico en el suelo. La salinidad también tiene un impacto sobre la fisiología de la producción de las plantas. Es posible observar lesiones en plantas expuestas a niveles altos de salinidad. Este ensayo fue realizado para evaluar la relación entre la salinidad por NaCl, la produ...

  18. Clinical and Epidemiological Characteristics of Pediatric Patients Affected by Dermatophytosis Características clínico-epidemiológicas de pacientes en edad pediátrica afectados por dermatofitosis

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    Yoan Bernardez Cruz

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: Although few fungal species are considered to be pathogenic to humans and even when they are commonly less relevant than bacteria or viruses, they are not insignificant as a cause of disease. From a practical point of view, it was found that the mycosis fungoides they cause is one of the first reasons for consultation in our country and the world. Objective: To determine the main clinical and epidemiological features and laboratory findings of pediatric patients affected by ringworm. Methods: A descriptive, case series study was conducted. It included 102 patients with dermatophytosis. The information about these patients was collected from medical records and laboratory results of scraping and cultures of the lesions. Results: We obtained more positives in the test by culture (70.59%, compared to a 66, 7% in the examination by scraping, being Trichophyton rubrum the most common causative agent in the nails and body. The age group from 15 years old on predominated, as well as white skinned and female patients. Most patients were infected through contact with dogs. Conclusions: The percentage of pediatric patients with dermatophytosis is not low. This remains a frequent cause of medical consultation

    Fundamento: a pesar de que pocas especies de hongos son patógenos para los humanos y aun cuando su importancia  es menor que las de las bacterias o los virus, no son insignificantes como causa de enfermedades. Desde el punto de vista práctico se ha comprobado que las micosis que estos causan representan uno de los primeros motivos de consulta dermatológica en nuestro país y el mundo. Objetivo: determinar las principales características clínico-epidemiológicas y de laboratorio de pacientes en edad pediátrica afectados por dermatofitosis. Métodos: estudio descriptivo, de serie de casos

  19. Efectos de la putrescina en diferentes ciclos de selección masal divergente del maíz Harinoso Mosquera I Sin. 2 afectados por las heladas Efectos de la putrescina en diferentes ciclos de selección masal divergente del maíz Harinoso Mosquera I Sin. 2 afectados por las heladas

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    Córdoba Carlos Vicente

    1990-06-01

    Full Text Available

    During 1989, at the Tibaitata Research Center, an experiment plot was carried out. On cycles 6, 9, 12 and 15 of prolific and non prolific corn sub-populations which treated with 0, 1000, 2000 and 4000 Mm of putrescine. Six hours before aplication, the corn plants suffered chilling effects (-1.50 C/4 hr. As consecuence of chilling, the growth in height was suspended, the ear shoots and yield grain decreased. However putrescine application reverted the damage caused hy chilling and significative differences were observed in height and yield grain. Cicle 6 in prolific sub population was noticeable, in which 1000, 2000, and 4000 Mm of putrescine yielded 6.75, 5.24 and 5.63 Ton/ha. The Harinoso Mosquera I. Sin. 2 or cycle cero, showed a higber sensibility to chilling and the answer to putrescine application was almost negligeable.

    En 1989, en el C.I. Tibaitata, en un ensayo de bloques al azar se aplicó: 0., 1000, 2000 Y 4000 Mm de Potrescina (Put a los ciclos 6, 9, 12 Y 15 de subpoblaciones prolíficas y no prolíficas de maíz, que 6 horas antes habían sufrido los efectos de una helada (-1.50 C/4 hr. Como consecuencia del enfriamiento, el crecimiento en altura se suspendió, las mazorcas/planta florecidas que llenaron grano, y el reridimiento, disminuyeron; pero la Put aplicada revertió los daños causados por la helada, presentándose diferencias en la altura y rendimiento. Se destaca el ciclo 6 de la subpoblación prolífica, en el que con dosis de 1000, 2000 y 4000 Mm se obtuvieron rendimientos de ó.75, 5.24, y 5.ó3 Ton/ha. El maíz progenitor (ciclo 0 presentó una gran sensibilidad a la helada, y casi nula respuesta a Put.

  20. PRODUCCIÓN Y CALIDAD DE FRUTA EN CULTIVARES DE FRESA (Fragaria sp. AFECTADOS POR ESTRÉS SALINO YIELD AND FRUIT QUALITY OF SALT-STRESSED STRAWBERRY CULTIVARS (Fragaria sp.

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    Fánor Casierra-Posada

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Dado que el agua es muy buen solvente, las aguas que se usan para riego contienen algunas sales disueltas. La salinidad restringe la disponibilidad de este líquido para las plantas mediante la reducción del potencial hídrico en el suelo. La salinidad también tiene un impacto sobre la fisiología de la producción de las plantas. Es posible observar lesiones en plantas expuestas a niveles altos de salinidad. Este ensayo fue realizado para evaluar la relación entre la salinidad por NaCl, la producción y la calidad de fruta, en los cultivares de fresa ‘Chandler’, ‘Sweet Charlie’ y ‘Camarosa’ cultivados en invernadero, en materas con suelo salinizado. Se compararon cinco niveles de la sal (0, 20, 40, 60 y 80 mM de NaCl los cuales indujeron diferentes valores de conductividad eléctrica (EC (2,68; 6,08; 8,24; 9,98 y 12,62 dS.m-1, respectivamente. Los diversos niveles de EC se obtuvieron agregando el NaCl al suelo, progresivamente. La producción y la calidad de la fruta fueron afectadas negativamente, por los tratamientos probados. De igual manera, el contenido de azúcares en los frutos fue influido por los diferentes niveles de sal. Los contenidos de sólidos solubles totales y la acidez titulable en frutas se incrementaron con el aumento en la EC. Mientras que la acumulación de la materia seca en las raíces mostró un aumento proporcional con el nivel del NaCl en el substrato, los frutos presentaron una tendencia opuesta. Aunque los síntomas típicos del estrés tales como retraso del crecimiento y la producción reducida de fruta fueron observados en los cultivares de fresa evaluados, ‘Sweet Charlie’ fue menos sensible a la salinidad.Since water is a very good solvent, all irrigation waters contain some dissolved salts. Salinity restricts the availability of water to plants by lowering the total water potential in the soil. Salinity also has an impact on crop physiology and yield. Visible injury can occur at high salinity

  1. Sale

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    On Tuesday 28 November, a sale in aid of the animal protection society 'SOS Animaux Pays de Gex' will be held at the entrance to Restaurant 1 from 9 am to 5 pm. Mr Montagnel, a balloon sculptor, will also be on hand to create whatever kind of characters or animals your heart may desire.

  2. Sale

    CERN Document Server

    2006-01-01

    On Tuesday 28 November, a sale in aid of the animal protection society 'SOS Animaux Pays de Gex' will be held at the entrance to Restaurant No. 1 from 9 am to 5 pm. Mr Mpntagnel, a balloon sculptor, will also be on hand to create whatever kind of characters or animals your heart may desire.

  3. Efectos del entrenamiento con electroestimulación muscular en pacientes afectados de hemofilia A

    OpenAIRE

    Gomis Bataller, Manuel

    2007-01-01

    RESUMEN La propuesta de la presente investigación fue examinar los efectos producidos por un programa de electroestimulación muscular aplicado sobre el biceps brachii en pacientes afectados de hemofilia A. Treinta sujetos tomaron parte en el presente estudio, 15 pacientes con hemofilia A clínicamente graves (nivel de factor

  4. Chemical properties of volcanic soil affected by seven-year rotations Propiedades químicas del suelo volcánico afectado por rotaciones de siete años

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    Juan Hirzel

    2011-06-01

    decisiones de manejo agrícola, con posibles consecuencias negativas en las propiedades físico-químicas del suelo y el ambiente. El desarrollo de información asociada a efectos en las propiedades físico-químicas del suelo en relación al uso de diferentes sistemas de rotaciones de largo plazo y sus manejos de fertilización, podrían contribuir a mejorar las decisiones de manejo agronómico en estos suelos. Se realizó un estudio que evaluó el efecto de seis rotaciones de cultivo que representan el manejo de fertilización utilizado por agricultores, que enfatiza la aplicación de N y P y eventualmente baja dosis de K, Ca y Mg, sobre las propiedades químicas de un suelo volcánico del centro-sur de Chile después de 7 años. Las propiedades químicas afectadas fueron pH, N inorgánico y K disponible, con una disminución general del pH relacionada con la fertilización usada, insuficiente en Ca, K y Mg. A su vez este suelo presentó una alta capacidad de adsorción de P (90,2-97,5%. Consecuentemente, las rotaciones de cultivo que incluyeron leguminosas forrajeras y cultivos con altos ingresos de nutrientes como remolacha generaron un efecto menos negativo en las propiedades químicas del suelo. Para prevenir efectos negativos sobre las propiedades químicas del suelo como lo indicado en este estudio, el manejo de fertilización en sistemas de rotaciones de cultivos debería considerar balances de entrada y salida de nutrientes.

  5. Cuidadores de crianças com câncer: aspectos da vida afetados pela atividade de cuidador Cuidantes de niños con cáncer: aspectos de la vida afectados por la actividad de cuidar Caregivers of children with cancer: aspects of life affectcet by the caregiver role

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    Ana Raquel Medeiros Beck

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Pretendeu-se, neste estudo, descrever como as atividades relacionadas ao cuidar afetam a vida de cuidadores de crianças com câncer, o grau de dependência da criança para desempenhar as atividades de vida diária (AVD, o grau de ajuda recebida de outros e o quanto alguns aspectos da vida do cuidador são afetados pela atividade de cuidar. O estudo foi descritivo, comparativo e transversal. Foram entrevistados 50 cuidadores de crianças entre três e dez anos num hospital infantil, referência no tratamento de doenças onco-hematológicas, em Campinas, SP. As atividades relacionadas ao cuidar ocasionaram sérios prejuízos na vida dos cuidadores. Portanto, avaliar estes aspectos pode auxiliar o enfermeiro a evidenciar, amenizar e planejar a assistência aos cuidadores de crianças com câncer.Se pretendió en este estudio describir de que forma las actividades relacionadas al cuidar afectan la vida de los cuidantes de niños con cáncer, el grado de dependencia del niño para desempeñar las actividades de la vida diaria (AVD, el grado de ayuda recibida de otros, y en que medida algunos aspectos da la vida del cuidante eran afectados por la actividad de cuidar. El estudio fué descriptivo, comparativo y transversal. Fueron entrevistados 50 cuidantes de niños entre 3 y 10 años en un hospital infantil modelo en el tratamiento de dolencias onco-hematológicas, en Campinas, SP. Las actividades relacionadas al cuidar ocasionaron serios daños en la vida de los cuidantes. Por lo tanto, evaluar estos aspectos puede auxiliar al enfermero a identificar, amenizar y planear la asistencia a los cuidantes de niños con cáncer.This study aimed at demonstrating that the caregiving role affected the lives of caregivers of children with cancer, the child's degree of dependence regarding the performance of daily life activities (DLA, the degree of help offered by others and the degree to which some aspects of the caregiver's life were affected by caregiving

  6. Fertilidade de solos afectados por práticas de silvicultura intensiva : 1. Efeitos da gestão dos resíduos de abate e da sua composição química nas dinâmicas do C e do N

    OpenAIRE

    Azevedo, António; M. Madeira; Hilário, L.; Marques, P.

    2004-01-01

    Estudou-se o efeito da gestão dos resíduos de abate (folhas, cascas e ramos), nas dinâmicas do C e do N, em plantações adultas de Eucalyptus globulus, estabelecidas em Arenossolos na região Centro de Portugal (39º 15’ N, 8º 59’ W). Os tratamentos consistiram na redistribuição dos resíduos de abate na superfície do solo (S) e na sua incorporação por gradagem (I). O posicionamento dos resíduos no solo influenciou significativamente a decomposição dos mesmos, verificando-se que os resíduos incor...

  7. EFECTOS DEL ENCALADO Y LA FERTILIZACIÓN NITROGENADA SOBRE EL DESARROLLO DE Oenothera affinis EN UN SUELO AFECTADO POR LA MINERÍA DEL COBRE Effects of liming and nitrogen fertilization on the development of Oenothera affinis in a soil affected by copper mining

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria Muena

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El valle de Puchuncaví (Chile central ha sido expuesto a las emisiones aéreas provenientes de la fundición de cobre Ventanas. Actualmente, los suelos en las cercanías de la fundición presentan una escasa vegetación, son ácidos, deficientes en nitrógeno y contaminados con metales. Para reducir el riesgo ambiental, es necesario remediar estos suelos. La fitoestabilización considera el uso de plantas capaces de almacenar los metales en sus estructuras subterráneas, reduciendo así su movimiento desde el suelo contaminado al aire y al agua. El éxito del tratamiento depende de la aplicación de enmiendas adecuadas que reducen la solubilidad de los metales en los suelos y, a la vez, mejoran sus condiciones para el desarrollo de la planta. Se evaluó el efecto del encalado y la fertilización nitrogenada sobre la emergencia de cotiledones, supervivencia, producción de biomasa y acumulación de cobre en Oenothera affinis cultivada en un suelo del valle de Puchuncaví bajo condiciones controladas. Oenothera affinis es una hierba perenne nativa, resistente a la sequía, fácil de propagar a partir de semillas y que produce una gran cantidad de biomasa. Los suelos presentaron un pH en sal de 4,6 y una concentración de cobre total de 800 mg kg-1. El encalado disminuyó las concentraciones de Cu y la actividad del Cu+2 en la solución del suelo, pero no afectó la emergencia de cotiledones. Las plantas no sobrevivieron en los suelos no-encalados, mientras que la supervivencia fue del 100% en los suelos con un pH cercano al neutro. Por otro lado, en los suelos encalados, la fertilización nitrogenada no afectó la producción de biomasa y aumentó las concentraciones de cobre tanto en las raíces como en los tejidos aéreos. Se concluyó que el encalado es suficiente para mejorar las condiciones del suelo para el desarrollo de O. affinis en suelos ácidos y contaminados por metales, permitiendo así la potencial utilización de esta especie para

  8. Don't camp beside the river: structure and dynamics of Andean alder (Alnus acuminata forests affected by river floods, northwestern Argentina No acampe junto al río: estructura y dinámica de bosques de aliso (Alnus acuminata del noroeste argentino afectados por crecientes de río

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TOMÁS A EASDALE

    2005-12-01

    estos fueron vinculados al régimen periódico de disturbios de ríos de montaña. Para comprender la dinámica de estos bosques, analizamos la estructura de edades y el arreglo espacial de árboles en dos parcelas sobre el río Potrero y otra parcela sobre el río La Horqueta, en la provincia de Tucumán, noroeste argentino. Mediante barrenado intensivo y reconstrucción de edades identificamos cohortes de árboles con un rango máximo de edades de ocho años. El mapeo de árboles y el índice de autocorrelación espacial I de Moran indicaron que las cohortes de árboles estaban agrupadas en espacio, proporcionando evidencia adicional de que los parches coetáneos de A. acuminata resultan de eventos de regeneración masiva luego de crecientes catastróficas. Evaluamos la asociación entre años de inicio de cohortes y registros regionales de descarga máxima de ríos por medio de aleatorizaciones y encontramos evidencia débil de que los establecimientos ocurren luego de crecientes devastadoras que eliminan la vegetación preexistente y originan sitios desnudos propicios para la regeneración del aliso. Las fechas de cicatrices de crecientes en árboles del río Potrero preceden por un año al inicio de la cohorte más reciente y dan respaldo adicional a esta conexión. A pesar de que estudios previos encontraron una correlación positiva entre eventos de El Niño y promedios de precipitación en el noroeste argentino, nuestros datos no revelan una asociación significativa entre El Niño y caudales máximos anuales en ríos de la provincia de Tucumán. Se requieren más estudios para identificar los factores que originan crecientes devastadoras y cohortes de A. acuminata

  9. Comunidades de afectados, procomún y don expandido

    OpenAIRE

    Lafuente, Antonio; Corsín Jiménez, Alberto

    2010-01-01

    El don existe. Existe, pero como tantas cosas en nuestro mundo, incluso muy importantes, parece invisible. Allí siempre habrá una mujer cuidando de un bebé, un enfermo o un anciano. En los alrededores, cualquiera que sea la dirección a donde apuntemos, habrá alguien usando la lengua, respirando aire, jugando en la calle o protestando por el ruido. Y conste que podríamos subir el tono y mencionar todo lo que tenga que ver con añorar justicia, gozar paisajes, reclamar salud o disfrutar el si...

  10. Incidencia de procesos AMD en la hidroquímica de embalses afectados en la Faja Pirítica Ibérica

    OpenAIRE

    Santisteban Fernández, María

    2015-01-01

    En Europa, los principales problemas de contaminación por metales pesados en ias aguas de ríos y embalses están asociados al drenaje ácido de mina, que tiene lugar en la Faja Pirftica Ibérica (FPI), situada en el SO Europeo, a lo largo de las provincias de Huelva y Sevilla, así como en el Sur de Portugal. La intensa actividad minera en esta zona metalogenética, ha dejado, en las cuencas de los ríos afectados un legado de 86 minas abandonadas, con sus pozos, socavones y cortas, sus innumerable...

  11. Estrés y afrontamiento en pacientes afectados de esclerosis múltiple. Estudio comparativo con población comunitaria

    OpenAIRE

    Lara, Silvia; Kirchner, Teresa

    2012-01-01

    La Esclerosis Múltiple (EM) es una enfermedad neurodegenerativa que lleva implícita no sólo limitaciones físicas, sino también numerosos estresores psicosociales. Los objetivos de este estudio son: 1) analizar los problemas más comúnmente narrados por afectados de EM, la intensidad de estrés que les generan, el grado de control percibido sobre ellos y las estrategias de afrontamiento que utilizan para minimizar su impacto 2) contrastar el nivel de estrés, de control sobre el estresor y el uso...

  12. Compreendendo o ser familiar de criança com Vírus da Imunodeficiência Humana/ Síndrome da Imunodeficiência Adquirida pelo olhar da complexidade Comprendiendo al familiar de un niño afectado por el Virus de la Inmunodeficiencia Humana/Síndrome de la Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida, bajo la perspectiva de la complejidad Understanding the family member of a child affected by Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, from the perspective of complexity

    OpenAIRE

    Hilda Maria Barbosa de Freitas; Dirce Stein Backes; Adriana Dall'Asta Pereira; Carla Lizandra de Lima Ferreira; Martha Helena Teixeira de Souza; Mara Regina Caino Teixeira Marchiori; Alacoque Lorenzini Erdmann

    2010-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Compreender o significado do ser familiar de uma criança com Vírus da Imunodeficiência Humana/ Síndrome da Imunodeficiência Adquirida na perspectiva do pensamento complexo. MÉTODOS: Estudo qualitativo, exploratório; os dados foram coletados, entre julho e novembro de 2008, por meio de uma entrevista com cinco familiares de crianças com AIDS, abrigadas em uma instituição de apoio. RESULTADOS: O significado das falas codificadas e analisadas resultou em três categorias: Vivenciando a ...

  13. Compreendendo o ser familiar de criança com Vírus da Imunodeficiência Humana/ Síndrome da Imunodeficiência Adquirida pelo olhar da complexidade Comprendiendo al familiar de un niño afectado por el Virus de la Inmunodeficiencia Humana/Síndrome de la Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida, bajo la perspectiva de la complejidad Understanding the family member of a child affected by Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome, from the perspective of complexity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilda Maria Barbosa de Freitas

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Compreender o significado do ser familiar de uma criança com Vírus da Imunodeficiência Humana/ Síndrome da Imunodeficiência Adquirida na perspectiva do pensamento complexo. MÉTODOS: Estudo qualitativo, exploratório; os dados foram coletados, entre julho e novembro de 2008, por meio de uma entrevista com cinco familiares de crianças com AIDS, abrigadas em uma instituição de apoio. RESULTADOS: O significado das falas codificadas e analisadas resultou em três categorias: Vivenciando a ordem, desordem e organização do ser familiar de uma criança com AIDS; Dialogando com as certezas e incertezas do revelar ou não o diagnóstico à criança com AIDS; e Confrontando-se com os limites do acaso, ocaso, viver e morrer. CONCLUSÃO: Evidenciou-se que ser familiar e cuidar de uma criança com AIDS, constitui-se em um processo complexo que requer, além de uma compreensão biopsicossócio-espiritual dos fatores que envolvem a doença e o ser doente, uma atitude de cuidado focada no ser humano como um ser uno, complexo e multidimensional.OBJETIVO: Comprender el significado del familiar de un niño portador del Virus de la Inmunodeficiencia Humana/Síndrome de la Inmunodeficiencia Adquirida bajo la perspectiva del pensamiento complejo. MÉTODOS: Se trata de estudio cualitativo y exploratorio; los datos fueron recolectados entre julio y noviembre de 2008, por medio de entrevistas con cinco familiares de niños con SIDA, que estaban acogidos en una institución de apoyo. RESULTADOS: El significado de las declaraciones codificadas y analizadas resultó en tres categorías: experimentando el orden, desorden y la organización del familiar de un niño con SIDA; dialogando con la seguridad y la duda de revelar el diagnóstico al niño con SIDA; y, enfrentando los límites del acaso, ocaso, vivir y morir. CONCLUSIÓN: Se evidenció que ser familiar y cuidar de un niño con SIDA, constituye un proceso complejo que requiere, además de una

  14. Auction Sale Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — This dataset contains sale data information for Agency reported items sold via GSA Auctions® Sales. The data is for closed sales during FY2009. GSA Auctions® offers...

  15. Caracterización molecular de la cadena gama común y Jak3 en un individuo afectado con inmunodeficiencia severa combinada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Javier Patiño Grajales

    2001-04-01

    Full Text Available

    La Inmunodeficiencia Severa Combinada (IDSC es una enfermedad
    de origen genético, que se puede heredar de forma autosómica
    recesiva o ligada al cromosoma X. La IDSC se caracteriza por un
    defecto en el número y la diferenciación de los linfocitos T y NK. Los
    individuos afectados desarrollan diarrea crónica, infecciones persistentes y severas como neumonía, septicemia e infecciones fúngicas.
    Estos pacientes presentan retardo en el crecimiento y pueden morir a
    temprana edad si no se realiza una terapia de corrección genética o un
    trasplante de células hematopoyéticas. Las mutaciones responsables
    de la IDSC comprometen principalmente el gen de la cadena gama
    común (γc y la proteína Jak3 que son proteínas fundamentales en la
    transducción de señales de los receptores para varias citoquinas esenciales en la diferenciación y activación de células del sistema inmune, las cuales incluyen IL-2, IL-4, IL-7, IL-9 e IL-15 (1,2.

     

     

  16. Evaluación de la contaminación por elementos traza en suelos afectados por actividades Mineras en Riotinto (España)

    OpenAIRE

    López Pérez, María

    2011-01-01

    En concreto, se han cubierto los siguientes objetivos:- Caracterización química y mineralógica de los suelos agrícolas. "line-height: 150%; font-family: 'Times New Roman','serif'; font-size: 12pt">- Determinación del contenido en elementos traza potencial

  17. Sales Force Recruitment

    OpenAIRE

    Flaviu MEGHISAN

    2008-01-01

    The sales plan is put into practice through the tasks associated with sales plan implementation. Whereas sales plan formulation focuses on "doing the right things," implementation emphasizes "doing things right." The three major tasks involved in implementing a sales plan are (1) salesforce recruitment and selection, (2) salesforce training, and (3) salesforce motivation and compensation.

  18. Foundations for Wash Sales

    OpenAIRE

    Bradford, Phillip G.

    2015-01-01

    Consider an ephemeral sale-and-repurchase of a security resulting in the same position before the sale and after the repurchase. A sale-and-repurchase is a wash sale if these transactions result in a loss within $\\pm 30$ calendar days. Since a portfolio is essentially the same after a wash sale, any tax advantage from such a loss is not allowed. That is, after a wash sale a portfolio is unchanged so any loss captured by the wash sale is deemed to be solely for tax advantage and not investment...

  19. Sales Management and Sales Communication of SMEs

    OpenAIRE

    Karel Havlíček; Ondřej Roubal

    2013-01-01

    This article presents an interpretation of sales process management in small and medium size businesses. Sales management is based on the M-C model built on planning, forecasting and thorough controlling. The process model is based on the theory of management, management accounting and human resources management. Controlling is seen as management of deviations arising out of sales targets and proposals for measures how to eliminate these deviations through risk management.

  20. O papel da Crabi no assentamento dos ribeirinhos atingidos pela construção da hidrelétrica de Salto Caxias no estado do Paraná El papel del Crabi en el asentamiento de los ribereños afectados por la construcción de la represa de Salto Caxias en el estado de Paraná The role of the Crabi riverine settlement of affected by the construction of the dam of Salto Caxias in the state of Paraná

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuliano Derrosso

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo discutir a forma com que o movimento social Comissão Regional dos Atingidos por Barragens do Rio Iguaçu (Crabi atuou no assentamento dos sujeitos deslocados pela construção da hidrelétrica de Salto Caxias. Mediante entrevistas e dados secundários foi investigada a ampla participação da população neste movimento, o que se refletiu em melhores condições para o assentamento. O senso de luta coletiva fomentado pela criação e mobilização da Crabi permeou os processos de reconstrução da vida dos sujeitos deslocados pela Usina, e a efetiva participação deles fez com que fossem conquistadas melhores condições de enfrentamento da situação vivida.Este artículo tiene como objetivo discutir cómo el movimiento social Comisión Regional de los Atingidos por Presas del río Iguazú (Crabi se presentó en el asentamiento de personas desplazadas por la construcción de la represa de Salto Caxias. A través de entrevistas y datos secundarios se determinó la amplia participación de la gente en este movimiento, que se tradujo en mejores condiciones para el asentamiento. El sentido de la lucha colectiva fomentado la creación y movilización de Crabi impregnaba el proceso de reconstrucción de las vidas de las personas desplazadas por la presa, con la participación efectiva de ellos conquistaron mejor posición para hacer frente a la situación vivenciada.This article aims to discuss how the social movement Regional Commission of Dam Iguassu River (Crabi served on the settlement of individuals displaced by the construction of the dam of Salto Caxias. Through interviews and secondary data we investigated the wide participation of the people in this movement, which resulted in better conditions for settlement. The sense of collective struggle fostered the creation and mobilization of Crabi permeated the process of rebuilding the lives of individuals displaced by the plant, with the effective participation of

  1. Sales Force Motivation and Compensation

    OpenAIRE

    Anca-Mihaela TEAU

    2013-01-01

    This article illustrate how sales managers can use sales incentives and compensations to motivate their sales team. To motivate sales people effectively, sales managers must have a thorough understanding of human needs and the concepts of motivation. They must also learn how to use the various forms of sales incentives and compensation to meet their salespeople’s needs.

  2. Escala de Estrés y Afrontamiento para familias con hijos afectados de Parálisis Cerebral

    OpenAIRE

    Badia Corbella, Marta; Aguado Díaz, Antonio-León

    2002-01-01

    La evaluación del estrés en las familias con hijos que tienen alguna discapacidad resulta una tarea compleja y difícil. La Escala de Estrés y Afrontamiento para familias con hijos afectados de Parálisis Cerebral (EEAF–PC) ha sido diseñada para dar respuesta a la necesidad de ofrecer un instrumento de medición del estrés para tales familias. La EEAF–PC consta de 42 ítems y el análisis factorial ha proporcionado seis factores: características de la Discapacidad, Protección, Riesgo, Retraso Ment...

  3. Automação do Processo de Vendas no Contexto do Gerenciamento de Clientes por CRM. Sales Process Automation in the Client’s Management Context trough CRM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Régio Brambilla

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available In the management of customers’ relationships or Customer Relationship Management (CRM, the Sales Force Automation (SFA, or automation of the sellers, evoke a significant impact in technological as in relational side. Trough a Case Study in the relationship between a developer company and other company as user of CRM, results indicate that, contrary to the theory, the automation not always is noticed by the personnel of sales as a threat, but as a supporting tool. It is supposed that the technological readiness of the organizations exercises impact to obtaining contrary results in front of the general theoretical propositions.Na gestão dos relacionamentos com clientes, ou Customer Relationship Management (CRM, a Sales Force Automation (SFA, ou Automatização da Força de Vendas, exerce um impacto significativo tanto tecnológico quanto relacional. Mediante um Estudo de Caso na relação entre uma empresa desenvolvedora e outra usuária de CRM, resultados indicam que, ao contrário da teoria, a aplicação de automação nem sempre é percebida pelo pessoal de vendas como uma ameaça, mas como uma ferramenta de apoio. Supõe-se que a prontidão tecnológica das organizações exerça impacto para que os resultados obtidos estejam contrários aos pressupostos teóricos gerais.

  4. Learning, forgetting, and sales

    OpenAIRE

    Sofia Berto Villas-Boas; J. Miguel Villas-Boas

    2006-01-01

    Sellers of almost any product or service rarely keep their prices constant through time and frequently offer price discounts or sales. This paper investigates an explanation of sales as a way for uninformed consumers to be willing to experience the product, and learn about its fit, and where informed consumers may forget about (or change) their preferences. We investigate the role of the rate of consumer forgetting on the timing between sales, and of the rate of consumer learning and menu cos...

  5. Inventories and sales uncertainty

    OpenAIRE

    Caglayan, M.; Maioli, S. (Silvia); Mateut, S.

    2011-01-01

    We investigate the empirical linkages between sales uncertainty and firms´ inventory investment behavior while controlling for firms´ financial strength. Using large panels of manufacturing firms from several European countries we find that higher sales uncertainty leads to larger stocks of inventories. We also identify an indirect effect of sales uncertainty on inventory accumulation through the financial strength of firms. Our results provide evidence that financial strength mitigates the a...

  6. Determinación de la concentración micelar crítica (CMC) de sales biliares por el Método de Tensión Superficial

    OpenAIRE

    Volonté, María Guillermina; Marano, Claudia G.; Reinoso, María Isabel

    1989-01-01

    Se determinó la Concentración Micelar Crítica (CMC) de tres sales biliares: colato, desoxicolato y dehidroxicolato de sodio, utilizando el método de tensión superficial. Las condiciones de trabajo fueron seleccionadas en base a las requeridas para ensayos de absorción in vitro, es decir a 37ºC y en solución Krebs a pH fisiológicos. Los resultados obtenidos nos permiten afirmar que el método utilizado para determinar la CMC es rápido y preciso.

  7. Fire Sales and House Prices

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Steffen; Meisner Nielsen, Kasper

    We exploit a natural experiment in Denmark to investigate when forced sales lead to fire sale discounts. Forced sales result from sudden deaths of house owners in an institutional environment in which beneficiaries are forced to settle the estate, and hence sell the house, within 12 months. We...... the urgency of the sale also affect the average discount: Discounts are larger when house prices contract, in thin markets where demand is lower, and when the sale is more likely to be a fire sale because of financial or liquidity constraints. Late fire sales are more likely when the house price is in...... which forced sales lead to fire sale discounts....

  8. Editorial: Sales Strategy (2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chris McPhee

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The editorial theme for this issue of the OSBR is Sales Strategy. While "marketing" is everything a company does to build interest in its offers, "sales" consists of converting these offers into cash. By "sales strategy," we refer to all sales planning and process development activities leading up to the actual selling of a product or service. In his recent blog post at MaRS Discovery District, Mark Zimmerman answered a question he is frequently asked by the founders of startups: "How do we find a good sales person?" In short, his answer is "Don't." This is not meant as a slight to sales professionals, but rather, Zimmerman is advocating that companies should not equate having sales professionals to having a sales strategy. Sales professionals have a critical role to play in a company's success, but they are being given an impossible task if asked to sell something that has not been validated with customers. Zimmerman explains that sales professionals should be hired only once a company has validated that the value proposition resonates with customers and that the sales model will be effective. This lesson also applies to established companies, where existing sales staff require this same foundation to be effective. So how does a company determine whether its value proposition resonates with customers? The answer, of course, is to talk to customers. In the OSBR and elsewhere, the need for early customer input is a dominant theme in recent discussions of product development, marketing, and now sales strategy. By talking to customers, listening to how they describe their needs, and interpreting how their needs could be met, a value proposition can tested and refined. It is far more efficient and effective to iteratively refine a value proposition before attempting to sell than to attempt a salvage operation in response to slumping sales. Customer input is also a critical ingredient in developing an effective sales strategy. In this issue of the

  9. Factores asociados a la infección tuberculosa latente en los contactos de pacientes afectados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miquel Alsedà

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: Una vez obtenidas unas cifras aceptables en la identificación y el tratamiento de los enfermos tuberculosos, se plantea una intervención para evitar la aparición de nuevos casos. Las personas con una infección tuberculosa latente (ITL reciente tienen un mayor riesgo de desarrollar una enfermedad tuberculosa. El objetivo de este estudio es evaluar la prevalencia de ITL y sus factores asociados en los contactos de pacientes tuberculosos. Métodos: Se estudiaron los contactos de estos pacientes examinados en el Centro de Prevención y Control de la Tuberculosis de Lleida en el período 1991-1997. Se recogieron factores asociados con el caso índice (demográficos, radiográficos, bacteriológicos y terapéuticos y el resultado de la prueba de la tuberculina en los contactos y sus datos demográficos. También se recogieron datos del caso índice relacionados con la infección por el VIH, el uso de drogas por vía parenteral y el consumo excesivo de alcohol. Como medida de asociación, se calcularon las odds ratio (OR crudas y ajustadas (ORa. Resultados: La prevalencia global de ITL en los contactos fue del 36,1% (780 de 2.161. En el análisis multivariante se detectó una mayor frecuencia de ITL en los contactos mayores de 14 años (ORa = 3,34; intervalo de confianza [IC] del 95%, 2,51-4,45, en los convivientes (ORa = 1,96; IC del 95%, 1,59-2,42, en los contactos de caso índice con una localización pulmonar de la enfermedad (ORa = 1,54; IC del 95%, 1,01-2,35, en los de caso índice con baciloscopia positiva en las muestras respiratorias (ORa = 1,51; IC del 95%, 1,15-1,99, en los de caso índice con patrón de cavitaciones en la radiografía de tórax (ORa = 1,27; IC del 95%, 1,01-1,61 y en los de casos índice con demora en el inicio del tratamiento (ORa = 1,31; IC del 95%, 1,05-1,62. Conclusiones: La prevalencia global de ITL en los contactos de enfermos tuberculosos es elevada. Entre los factores estudiados, la demora en el

  10. Managing Sales Forecasters

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.P. de Bruijn (Bert); Ph.H.B.F. Franses (Philip Hans)

    2012-01-01

    textabstractA Forecast Support System (FSS), which generates sales forecasts, is a sophisticated business analytical tool that can help to improve targeted business decisions. Many companies use such a tool, although at the same time they may allow managers to quote their own forecasts. These sales

  11. Considerations upon sales force management

    OpenAIRE

    Codruţ Dura

    2004-01-01

    Sales management involves sales planning (the process of establishing a broad set of goals, policies and procedures for achieving objectives), organizing the sales function (by establishing sales organizations structured geographically, by product types, by market or customer classes, or by function), staffing the sales function (including recruiting salespeople and interviewing, testing and hiring them), directing the sales force (via training and motivating) and evaluating and controlling s...

  12. Aplicación de Tecnosoles para la recuperación de suelos y aguas afectados por actividades de obras civiles, urbanas y minería

    OpenAIRE

    Bolaños Guerrón, Darío

    2015-01-01

    La presente tesis doctoral está desarrollada con proyectos de campo, estudios de laboratorio y análisis de proyectos de obra civil, los cuales tienen en común el diseño, formulación, elaboración y uso de Tecnosoles como herramienta de recuperación o rehabilitación de suelos y aguas contaminados o degradados. En base a los resultados de la aplicación de Tecnosoles para la restauración de la Mina de Touro, ejecutada durante varios años bajo la dirección de Felipe Macías y e...

  13. Biodisponibilidad de metales pesados en dos ecosistemas acuáticos de la costa suratlántica andaluza afectados por contaminación difusa

    OpenAIRE

    Vicente Martorell, Juan José

    2010-01-01

    Las áreas costeras, y en particular, aquellas que presentan un confinamiento geográfico y/o reciben aportes fluviales, constituyen ecosistemas especialmente sensibles a la influencia de las actividades antropogénicas e industriales que tienen lugar en su entorno. Entre los compuestos contaminantes que más interés han despertado en los últimos años se encuentran los metales pesados, los cuales han sido incluidos en la lista de sustancias prioritarias de la Directiva Marco del Agua, que estable...

  14. Procesos de Mezcla de un estuario afectado por drenaje de aguas ácidas (Ría de Huelva, España)

    OpenAIRE

    Carro Flores, Berta; Borrego Flores, José; López González, Nieves; Lozano Soria, O.

    2005-01-01

    It has studied mixing processes in a estuary affected by AMD during a biannual sampling corresponding to 2003-2004. The mixture between fresh masses waters to pH 2 with marine waters to pH 8 introduces in the system a mixing process salty induced and a mixing process pH induced. A space displacement of the processes in the interior of the estuary has been demonstrated. Thus during dry stations the mixing processes take place in the most internal zones of the estuary, whereas in we...

  15. Structural evaluation of a prestressed concrete bridge under an alkali-silica reaction; Evaluacion estructural de un puente de hormigon pretensado afectado por una reaccion alcali-silice

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carpintero Garcia, I.; Bermudez Adriozola, B.

    2010-07-01

    The Central Laboratory of Structures and Materials (CEDEX) was commissioned by the National Department of Highways to evaluate the safety conditions of one bridge built on 1997, which is part of the net of the Spanish National Highways. Even at the first inspection many cracks were detected in the concrete deck, associated with expansion concrete processes. This examination revealed that concrete deterioration was not associated with any reinforcement corrosion process; in fact, there were no symptoms of this pathology all along the bridge. for that reason the internal chemical reactions were considered as the most probable cause for the expansion of concrete, as no symptoms of deterioration due to external attack were found. In order to check the origin of concrete expansion, some tests were carried out on concrete samples drilled on the decks. Results of these tests show that there had been internal reactions in concrete mass which explains its expansion and the appearance of those cracks observed. Further more, some other activities were also carried out on site to estimate the importance of the structural damages, as topographic levelling and dynamic testing of the decks. Also the mechanical properties of concrete probes were tested at laboratory. This article shows the main results obtained on the study carried on to determine the cause and significance of the structural damages of the bridge. (Author) 3 refs.

  16. Evolución de la contaminación con elementos traza en los suelos afectados por el vertido de Aznalcóllar

    OpenAIRE

    Cabrera, Francisco; Girón Moreno, Ignacio F.; Moreno Lucas, Félix

    2007-01-01

    8 páginas, 1 tabla, 2 figuras.-- Aparece publicado en el Capítulo 2: Contaminación y recuperación de suelos.-- Trabajo presentado al II Congreso Ibérico de la Ciencia del Suelo, celebrado del 13-17 junio de 2006, en Huelva (España), como parte de la actividad científica de la Sociedad Española de la Ciencia del Suelo (SPCS) y la Sociedade Portuguesa da Ciência do Solo (SPCS).

  17. Orientación estratégica y desempeño de negocios artesanales afectados por crisis en Oaxaca, México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Mendoza Ramírez

    2014-01-01

    orientación estratégica (OE sobre el desempeño de las empresas en ambientes hostiles; no obstante, los resultados son de empresas grandes de países desarrollados; en circunstancias de estabilidad económica y social, donde el ambiente hostil se debe a factores tecnológicos, industriales o de mercado. El objetivo de este estudio es analizar el desempeño de negocios artesanales como resultado de la OE de los dueños, en un marco de crisis de deterioro económico, inestabilidad social y cambio climático en Oaxaca, México. Con base en los datos de 101 negocios artesanales, analiza dos con correlación bivariada de Pearson y regresión lineal múltiple, los resultados del estudio indican un efecto positivo de innovación y proactividad sobre el desempeño. En contra de lo esperado, se encuentra un efecto negativo de agresividad competitiva sobre el desempeño. Se concluye que, aunque los dueños de negocios artesanales se comprometen en tres dimensiones de OE para mejorar el desempeño, no todas ellas tienen efecto, ni logran modificarlo de la misma manera, debido a las condiciones contextuales.

  18. (phoenicopterus roseus por intoxicación aguda por plomo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D Romero

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available La presencia de plomo en el medio ambiente es un hecho indiscutible. Ello es objeto de gran interés sanitario pues repercute tanto en la salud de los animales como en la del ser humano. El plumbismo es una intoxicación que puede afectar a cualquier especie animal. En el ámbito de la fauna silvestre se asocia principalmente a la actividad cinegética en los humedales y a la ingestión de plomo metálico por parte de las aves que frecuentan estos ecosistemas. En España cada año mueren decenas de miles de aves acuáticas como consecuencia de la ingesta de perdigones de plomo. En los individuos capturados enfermos se pueden observar signos clínicos, mientras que a partir de muestras de cadáveres se obtienen datos sobre niveles tisulares de plomo. Sin embargo la evaluación de lesiones anatomopatológicas en animales de vida silvestre es difícil de realizar por la dificultad de encontrar animales recién muertos o afectados de un cuadro agudo mortal. La reproducción de esta patología en animales de experimentación se suele realizar en cisnes, palomas o patos, pero no en flamencos, por lo que no es usual disponer de datos histológicos en esta especie. En este trabajo presentamos la clínica, analítica y estudio microscópico de diferentes tejidos de un flamenco común (Phoenicopterus roseus muerto por plumbismo.

  19. Indultos concedidos por la Cámara de Castilla en tiempos de los Austrias

    OpenAIRE

    Heras Santos, José Luis de las

    2009-01-01

    Maquiavelo aconsejaba a los príncipes que se reservaran para sí la disposición de las materias de gracia. Este principio nunca fue olvidado por los reyes castellanos que consideraron el derecho de perdonar como una regalía. A lo largo del Antiguo Régimen se concedieron perdones reales por motivos diversos: políticos, religiosos, acontecimientos cortesanos, triunfos militares de la monarquía, o merced especial que el soberano deseó hacer a algún subdito. Por el número de afectados pueden clasi...

  20. Ensayo piloto de biorremediación de suelos contaminados por hidrocarburos. Fase ll

    OpenAIRE

    Gloria Lucía Camargo Millán; Nury Esleen Acero Pérez

    2009-01-01

     El estudio de la biodegradación de los hidrocarburos compuestos,altamente contaminantes y tóxicos, es de interéspara la descontaminación de ambientes afectados por derramesde petróleo. Aunque este proceso se presenta demanera natural, es demasiado lento, razón por la que sehace necesario el uso de técnicas de biorremediación parafacilitar la acción microbiana sobre los contaminantes. Anivel experimental este proceso se realiza por etapas o ensayos,ya sean de laboratorio, pilotos, de campo oi...

  1. ONLINE SALE Ten Profitable Sales Techniques

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    1.Focus your entire online business onyour customers.Actually there should be15 sales techniques,and this one should berepeated 6 times because of itsimportance.Why are you in business,to sellto your customers?If they don’t buy yougo bankrupt.Then who is the number oneperson you need to satisfy?Your customer.Build your business strategy,model andweb site around the needs of your clients.The ability to serve their needs will makeor break your business.

  2. Aplicación de la técnica de ruido electroquímico para la evaluación de la corrosión en caliente por sales fundidas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Tristancho R.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available En esta investigación se evaluó el comportamiento a la corrosión de las aleaciones AISI 304H y T22 (2¼ Cr –1 Mo, que fueron expuestas a un agente corrosivo de 80% V2O5 – 20% Na2SO4 en un rango de temperatura comprendido entre 550ºC y 700ºC y en un ambiente oxidante de 99%O2 – 1%SO2. Las velocidades y el tipo de corrosión (general ó localizado fueron halladas mediante la técnica de Ruido Electroquímico y comparadas con la técnica tradicional de pérdida de peso. El análisis estadístico de los resultados, obtenidos por la técnica de Ruido Electroquímico a través del tiempo proporcionó los valores de Skewness, Kurtosis (para definir el tipo de corrosión, Resistencia en Ruido y velocidades de corrosión. La similitud entre los valores de Pérdida de Peso y Ruido Electroquímico fue bastante aceptable. Los valores de Skewness y Kurtosis mostraron ser indicadores del tipo de corrosión. Los resultados mostraron que el ataque corrosivo fue más severo a las temperaturas más elevadas.

  3. SALES, STORAGE AND SALVAGE

    CERN Multimedia

    Division SPL, groupe logistique; A. Notar

    2000-01-01

    From 3 January 2000 there will be a security barrier in front of the storage-recycling area in bldg 133, which will be accessible only to authorised staff and contractors.You are reminded that the equipment delivered to this area must be unpolluted and non-radioactive. The cost of recycling the equipment will be debited to the budget code of the Division concerned, with the prior approval of the Group Leader.Reminder relating to equipment salesThe Sales Section is open on Thursdays from 13.30 to 15.00 hours only.SPL DivisionLogistics GroupA. Notari

  4. Schedule Sales Query Raw Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — Schedule Sales Query presents sales volume figures as reported to GSA by contractors. The reports are generated as quarterly reports for the current year and the...

  5. The Role of Sale Signs

    OpenAIRE

    Anderson, Eric T.; Simester, Duncan I.

    1998-01-01

    Sale signs increase demand. The apparent effectiveness of this simple strategy is surprising; sale signs are inexpensive to produce and stores generally make no commitment when using them. As a result, they can be placed on any products, and as many products, as stores prefer. If stores can place sale signs on any or all of their products, why are they effective? We offer an explanation for the effectiveness of sale signs by arguing that they inform customers about which products have relativ...

  6. Wildlife for sale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, E; Redford, T

    2000-02-01

    Myanmar, famous for the smuggling of opium and gemstones, is losing much of its wildlife to illegal traders. In 1998, a survey of goods for sale in two border towns showed a thriving trade in body parts from some of the world's most endangered species. PMID:11190214

  7. Sales and Consumer Inventory

    OpenAIRE

    Hendel, Igal; Nevo, Aviv

    2001-01-01

    Temporary price reductions (sales) are common for many goods and naturally result in large increase in the quantity sold. We explore whether the data support the hypothesis that these increases are, at least partly, due to dynamic consumer behavior: at low prices consumers stockpile for future consumption. This effect, if present, renders standard static demand estimates misleading, which has broad economic implications. We construct a dynamic model of consumer choice, use it to derive testab...

  8. Optimal Sales Force Compensation

    OpenAIRE

    Matthias Kräkel; Anja Schöttner

    2014-01-01

    We analyze a dynamic moral-hazard model to derive optimal sales force compensation plans without imposing any ad hoc restrictions on the class of feasible incentive contracts. We explain when the compensation plans that are most common in practice - fixed salaries, quota-based bonuses, commissions, or a combination thereof - are optimal. Fixed salaries are optimal for small revenue-cost ratios. Quota-based bonuses (commissions) should be used if the revenue-cost ratio takes intermediate (larg...

  9. Hospitals for sale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costello, Michael M; West, Daniel J; Ramirez, Bernardo

    2011-01-01

    The pace of hospital merger and acquisition activity reflects the economic theory of supply and demand: Publicly traded hospital companies, private equity funds, and large nonprofit hospital systems are investing capital to purchase and operate freestanding community hospitals at a time when many of those hospitals find themselves short of capital reserves and certain forms of management expertise. But the sale of those community hospitals also raises questions about the impact of absentee ownership on the communities which those hospitals serve. PMID:21864058

  10. Transmisión de fitoplasmas por Bactericera cockerelli (sulc) a plantas de chile, papa y tomate

    OpenAIRE

    García Negroe, Cristino Baruch

    2014-01-01

    El estado de Sinaloa es el primer productor de hortalizas en México, destacan los cultivos de chile (Capsicum annuum), papa (Solanum tuberosum) y tomate (Lycopersicon esculentum). Estos cultivos representan una de las principales actividades económicas, no obstante, durante el ciclo otoño-invierno 2005-2006 se vieron afectados por enfermedades fitoplásmicas que provocaron pérdidas económicas severas al productor. Dichas enfermedades son transmitidas por insectos, por lo que ...

  11. Intervención con afectados de Alzheimer en fase I y atención a sus cuidadores

    OpenAIRE

    Corrales García - Morato, Elisabet

    2015-01-01

    La enfermedad de Alzheimer afecta cada día a un mayor porcentaje de la población, y su prevalencia aumenta al incrementarse la esperanza de vida. A día de hoy se desconoce la cura de dicha enfermedad, por lo que es importante seguir investigando sobre sus posibles tratamientos. En este trabajo se propone un proyecto de intervención no farmacológica que pretende trabajar distintos ámbitos de la vida diaria, no solo con la persona enferma de Alzheimer sino también con la figur...

  12. Esclerosis múltiple: análisis de necesidades y calidad de vida de los afectados y su entorno

    OpenAIRE

    José Carrón Sánchez; Javier Arza Porras

    2013-01-01

    La evolución en el paradigma desde el que se contempla la discapacidad, y en concreto la esclerosis múltiple, ha estado marcada por los cambios en el concepto de salud, en el avance en los derechos sociales subjetivos y en la implantación progresiva de un modelo inclusivo para su abordaje. Con esta investigación se pretende responder a las preguntas de ese nuevo paradigma, revisando la situación epidemiológica, los estudios anteriores, y el desarrollo de una metodología complementaria desde l...

  13. Third quarter 2005 sales figures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    With manufacturing facilities in over 40 countries and a sales network in over 100, AREVA offers customers technological solutions for nuclear power generation and electricity transmission and distribution. The group also provides interconnect systems to the telecommunications, computer and automotive markets. This document presents the sales figures of the group for the third quarter of 2005: sales revenues in the front end division, in the reactor and services division, in the back end division and in the transmission and distribution division

  14. Marketing and sales: Successful peacekeeping

    OpenAIRE

    Rehme, Sarina; Rennhak, Carsten

    2011-01-01

    Marketing and sales departments carry out two separate functions (Kotler et al. 2007, 1144); nevertheless, they must interact closely with each other, as both are essential parts for the marketing activities in each company. Each company has the goal to fulfill customer needs and also to match the company's sales target followed by financial success. The focus of this paper lies on defining the necessary terminology to analyze the subject matter, identifying the role of marketing and sales al...

  15. Electric sales and revenue 1991

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. This publication provides information about sales of electricity, its associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour sold to residential, commercial, industrial, and other consumers throughout the United States. Previous publications presented data on typical electric bills at specified consumption levels as well as sales, revenue, and average revenue. The sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour provided in this report are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels

  16. Drivers of peak sales for pharmaceutical brands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fischer, Marc; Leeflang, Peter S. H.; Verhoef, Peter C.

    2010-01-01

    Peak sales are an important metric in the pharmaceutical industry. Specifically, managers are focused on the height-of-peak-sales and the time required achieving peak sales. We analyze how order of entry and quality affect the level of peak sales and the time-to-peak-sales of pharmaceutical brands.

  17. Sales and operations planning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjellsdotter, Linea; Dukovska-Popovska, Iskra; Kaipia, Riikka;

    2013-01-01

    This paper explores how the use of sales and operations planning (S&OP) may deal with the challenges set by the planning environment by investigating S&OP at four Scandinavian industrial food producers. Variables connected to the product and market, e.g. perishability, customer service elements and...... supply uncertainty were identified as particularly critical for the S&OP process. It was found that there is a great potential for S&OP in the food industry, foremost to cope with the imbalances between demand and supply and to create prerequisites for a stable production process....

  18. Sales and operations planning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjellsdotter, Linea; Dukovska-Popovska, Iskra; Kaipia, Riikka;

    2015-01-01

    This paper investigates sales and operations planning (S&OP) at four Scandinavian industrial food producers in order to explore how the use of S&OP might help leaders to deal with the challenges set by the planning environment. Variables connected to the product and market, e.g., frequency of new...... product development, customer service levels, and supply uncertainty, were identified as particularly critical for the S&OP process. It was found that there is great potential for S&OP in the food industry, foremost to cope with the imbalances between demand and supply and to create prerequisites for a...

  19. Estimating sales and sales market share from sales rank data for consumer appliances

    Science.gov (United States)

    Touzani, Samir; Van Buskirk, Robert

    2016-06-01

    Our motivation in this work is to find an adequate probability distribution to fit sales volumes of different appliances. This distribution allows for the translation of sales rank into sales volume. This paper shows that the log-normal distribution and specifically the truncated version are well suited for this purpose. We demonstrate that using sales proxies derived from a calibrated truncated log-normal distribution function can be used to produce realistic estimates of market average product prices, and product attributes. We show that the market averages calculated with the sales proxies derived from the calibrated, truncated log-normal distribution provide better market average estimates than sales proxies estimated with simpler distribution functions.

  20. Desarrollo de procesos químicos de separación por membranas para la caracterización de sistemas marinos afectados por contaminación metálica

    OpenAIRE

    Vergel Rodríguez, Cristina

    2011-01-01

    La gran importancia de los océanos en el mantenimiento de la vida en nuestro planeta se debe a que cubren el 71% de la superficie de la Tierra, siendo el compartimento ambiental que más vida sostiene y suponiendo el 97% de las aguas superficiales en el ciclo global hidrogeológico. Sin embargo actualmente el aumento de la población mundial está haciendo que los océanos sean explotados y utilizados como un enorme vertedero debido a la idea errónea de su inagotable autorregeneración. Estos verti...

  1. Single Family Loan Sale Initiative - National Offering

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — The FHA Office of Housing is conducting a series of mortgage loan sales under the Single Family Loan Sale (SFLS) Initiative. The current sales structure consists of...

  2. Esclerosis múltiple: análisis de necesidades y calidad de vida de los afectados y su entorno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Carrón Sánchez

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available La evolución en el paradigma desde el que se contempla la discapacidad, y en concreto la esclerosis múltiple, ha estado marcada por los cambios en el concepto de salud, en el avance en los derechos sociales subjetivos y en la implantación progresiva de un modelo inclusivo para su abordaje. Con esta investigación se pretende responder a las preguntas de ese nuevo paradigma, revisando la situación epidemiológica, los estudios anteriores, y el desarrollo de una metodología complementaria desde lo cuantitativo y lo cualitativo. El trabajo de campo –desarrollado en el ámbito de la Comunidad Foral de Navarra– y su posterior análisis nos ofrece una prevalencia considerablemente mayor que la habitualmente manejada hasta ahora, un perfil con características bastante estables en el que destaca el importante grado incapacitante y su correlato socioeconómico, y el aumento en los tratamientos farmacológicos respecto a datos anteriores. La ausencia de una respuesta curativa y el avance en las terapias paliativas exigen, como paso ineludible, la necesidad de poner el foco en aquellos aspectos que mejoren la calidad de vida de las personas afectadas y su entorno.

  3. Electric sales and revenue 1996

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-12-01

    Information is provided on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers throughout the US. The data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels. The information is based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1996. 16 figs., 20 tabs.

  4. Electric sales and revenue: 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1995-01-01

    The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. This publication provides information about sales of electricity, its associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour sold to residential, commercial, industrial, and other consumers throughout the United States. The sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1993. Operating revenue includes energy charges, demand charges, consumer service charges, environmental surcharges, fuel adjustments, and other miscellaneous charges. The revenue does not include taxes, such as sales and excise taxes, that are assessed on the consumer and collected through the utility. Average revenue per kilowatthour is defined as the cost per unit of electricity sold and is calculated by dividing retail sales into the associated electric revenue. Because electric rates vary based on energy usage, average revenue per kilowatthour are affected by changes in the volume of sales. The sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour data provided in this report are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels.

  5. A three-year sales strategy : Case: Finland's sales office

    OpenAIRE

    Järvinen, Linda

    2011-01-01

    The ultimate goal of this research was to form a three-year sales strategy for a Case Company, because the strategy needed to be renewed after the economic crisis in 2009. Economic crisis caused Case Company’s sales to decrease rapidly, so the only option was to come up with new ideas and make bold moves to save the situation. To be able to form a sales strategy, complete analyses were conducted about internal and external environments. Qualitative data collection methods were used e.g. sever...

  6. Electric sales and revenue, 1990

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. This publication provides information about sales of electricity, its associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour sold to residential, commercial, industrial, and other consumers throughout the United States. Previous publications presented data on typical electric bills at specified consumption levels as well as sales, revenues, and average revenue. The sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1990. The electric revenue reported by each electric utility includes the revenue billed for the amount of kilowatthours sold, revenue from income, unemployment and other State and local taxes, energy or demand charges, consumer services charges, environmental surcharges, franchise fees, fuel adjustments, and other miscellaneous charges. Average revenue per kilowatthour is defined as the cost per unit of electricity sold and is calculated by dividing retail sales into the associated electric revenue. The sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour provided in this report are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels

  7. Sales Performance Management in KRC

    OpenAIRE

    Jaydeep Mukherjee

    2013-01-01

    The case is about sales force management challenge of the Regional Manager—North of KRC, a tyre manufacturing and marketing company in India. The performance of one of the long serving sales executive Ramandeep is under the scanner. He had been a very good performer in the past, but is unable to give similar level of performance in the increasingly competitive markets. The dilemma presented here is regarding the impact of the Regional Manager’s decision on the sales performance of Ramande...

  8. Electric sales and revenue 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-11-01

    The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Coal and Electric Data and Renewables Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. Information is provided on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers throughout the United States. The data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels. The information is based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1994.

  9. Electric sales and revenue 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-10-01

    The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Electric Power Division; Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. Information is provided on electricity sales, associated revenue, average revenue per kilowatthour sold, and number of consumers throughout the US. The data provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels. The information is based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1997. 16 figs., 17 tabs.

  10. 24 CFR 291.90 - Sales methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sales methods. 291.90 Section 291....90 Sales methods. HUD will prescribe the terms and conditions for all methods of sale. HUD may, in... following methods of sale: (a) Future REO acquisition method. The Future Real Estate-Owned (REO)...

  11. 29 CFR 779.327 - Wholesale sales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., that what is a retail sale for purposes of a sales tax law is not necessarily a retail sale for... INTERPRETATION NOT DIRECTLY RELATED TO REGULATIONS THE FAIR LABOR STANDARDS ACT AS APPLIED TO RETAILERS OF GOODS... that sales of goods or services are not wholesale or are made to the ultimate consumer and are not...

  12. Allegheny County Property Sale Transactions

    Data.gov (United States)

    Allegheny County / City of Pittsburgh / Western PA Regional Data Center — This dataset contains data on all Real Property parcels that have sold since 2012 in Allegheny County, PA. Before doing any market analysis on property sales,...

  13. For sale: Sulfur emissions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The allowance trading market has started a slow march to maturity. Competitive developers should understand the risks and opportunities now presented. The marketplace for sulfur dioxide (SO2) emissions allowances - the centerpiece of Title 4's acid rain reduction program - remains enigmatic 19 months after the Clean Air Act amendments of 1990 were passed. Yet it is increasingly clear that the emission allowance market will likely confound the gloom and doom of its doubters. The recently-announced $10 million dollar Wisconsin Power and Light allowance sales to Duquesne Light and the Tennessee Valley Authority are among the latest indications of momentum toward a stabilizing market. This trend puts additional pressure on independent developers to finalize their allowance strategies. Developers who understand what the allowance trading program is and what it is not, know the key players, and grasp the unresolved regulatory issues will have a new competitive advantage. The topics addressed in this article include the allowance marketplace, marketplace characteristics, the regulatory front, forward-looking strategies, and increasing marketplace activity

  14. Riesgos antrópicos generados por la actividad minera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Violeta Argüello Mejía

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Las actividades productivas generan riesgos antrópicos [1] a mediano y largo plazo. La zona de estudio se ubica en las Parroquias de Pomasqui, San Antonio y Calacalí, donde se han producido riesgos debido a las actividades humanas, en este caso, por la explotación de las canteras para abastecer el mercado de la construcción del Distrito Metropolitano de Quito. La investigación propone determinar los riesgos antrópicos generados por la actividad minera. Los pobladores de la zona identifican que la minería artesanal en sus inicios constituyó una fuente de trabajo, donde sus familias también se involucraban. Actualmente, se observa que en la mayoría de las canteras se utiliza maquinaria especializada y no participan los trabajadores de la zona. Los taludes de las canteras son de 80o y 90o grados, generando amenazas para los trabajadores y moradores de las viviendas aledañas. Uno de los mayores impactos es la contaminación del aire, sin embargo, el suelo y los cursos de agua están siendo afectados por los desperdicios que produce la actividad minera. La población, que está expuesta permanentemente al polvo ocasionado por las canteras y al transporte de material, acusa enfermedades de tipo respiratorio. Así mismo, el ruido ocasionado por el transporte constituye una molestia constante para los pobladores.

  15. 3. quarter 2006 sales revenue

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document presents the sales revenue of the 3. quarter 2006 for the Group AREVA. The sales revenues for the first nine months of 2006 are up by 8,1% to 7,556 millions euros; the nuclear operations are up by 5,2% reflecting strong performance in the front end division; the transmission and distribution division is up by 14%. (A.L.B.)

  16. Venture Capital Trade Sale Exits

    OpenAIRE

    Engløkk, Erik Aasprong; Haarstad, Robert Jansen; Høiby, Alexander Østebø

    2011-01-01

    Even though venture capital trade sale exits are the most common and successful exit vehicle, historically most academic attention has been given to IPO exits. This thesis takes the first steps towards opening the black box that is trade sale exits. The thesis is paper-based, and the main academic contributions belong to the four papers appended. This document opens with an introduction to the field of study as well as overall reflections in order to offer the reader a contextual background. ...

  17. Social Networks and Sales Performance

    OpenAIRE

    Danny Pimentel Claro; Sílvio Abrahão Laban Neto

    2011-01-01

    This paper argues that an informal network can itself be a basis for the increase in a sales manager’s performance. Informal networks create a structure that surpasses the formal hierarchical structure defined by the firm. We concentrated on the advice network and considered two different views of network structure that claim to have impact on performance. To explore this claim, we examined whether sales managers develop either a highly cohesive network structure (i.e. Coleman’s view) or one ...

  18. Algunas Estrategias Utilizadas por Familias Peruanas para Afrontar la Crisis Económica Actual

    OpenAIRE

    Alegria Majluf

    1994-01-01

    Con el fin de explorar las estrategias utilizadas por madres de CSE media y baja para afrontar la crisis económica actual se entrevistaron a 20 madres de cada estrato económico y se les administraron trespequeñas encuestas y la Escala F-Copes "Escala de Evaluación Personal del Funcionamiento Familiar en Situaciones de Crisis". Los resultados evidenciaron que ambos grupos económicos se vieron seriamente afectados económicamente debiendo reducir sus gastos en actividades virales tales como alim...

  19. New Rules on Consumer Sales

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møgelvang-Hansen, Peter; Lando, Henrik; Kristensen, Bo;

    2006-01-01

    The project described in this report was carried out with support from The Ministry of Justice's Research Pool. The aim of the project is to examine the effects of Amending Act no. 213/2002, amending the rules on consumer sales in the Danish Sale of Goods Act. The amendments were part of Denmark'...... of interviews with trade organisations. Finally, we have examined the application of the new rules, mainly by looking at the Danish Consumer Complaints Board.......The project described in this report was carried out with support from The Ministry of Justice's Research Pool. The aim of the project is to examine the effects of Amending Act no. 213/2002, amending the rules on consumer sales in the Danish Sale of Goods Act. The amendments were part of Denmark......'s implementation of Directive 1999/44/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council on certain aspects of the sale of consumer goods and associated guarantees. The Amending Act came into force on 24 April 2002, having effect on consumer sales made on and after 1 January 2002. At the time of completion...

  20. Social Networks and Sales Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danny Pimentel Claro

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper argues that an informal network can itself be a basis for the increase in a sales manager’s performance. Informal networks create a structure that surpasses the formal hierarchical structure defined by the firm. We concentrated on the advice network and considered two different views of network structure that claim to have impact on performance. To explore this claim, we examined whether sales managers develop either a highly cohesive network structure (i.e. Coleman’s view or one containing structural holes (i.e. Burt’s view in order to achieve higher sales. We also investigated the matter of tie strength put forward by Granovetter in his seminal 1973 work. Census data was collected from about 500 personnel from an agricultural input retailer having 23 divisions. Estimates from a sample of 101 sales managers showed the importance of a highly cohesive structure (degree centrality for the three measures of sales manager’s performance. The strong ties have a positive impact on performance, suggesting the importance of building up strong bonds with network contacts. Sales managers’ age, time within the retailer and education also influence performance. These results imply that firms should stimulate contacts among personnel to spread technical and commercial information.

  1. por valores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jazmín Díaz-Barrios

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available La era actual se caracteriza por una búsqueda de la identidad del hombre, donde el pivote del cambio organizacional es el individuo; cambiar en este entorno depende, en gran medida, de los valores que imperen en la cultura de la organización. Este trabajo documental intenta identificar aquellos valores, condición sine-qua-non, para el logro de los objetivos de cambio y analizarlos a fin de determinar sus indicadores, con el objeto de presentar una herramienta a las organizaciones que les facilite adaptarse a los nuevos tiempos. Se encontró que los valores: Delegación, Comunicación, Colaboración, Participación y Aprendizaje, son esenciales en los cambios integrales de esta era. Se determinaron 20 indicadores de su presencia. Se concluye que con esta información cada ente puede elaborar instrumentos que le permitan saber si los valores requeridos están presentes y en caso contrario tomar decisiones que alineen a la organización alrededor de los valores humanistas planteados, incrementando así las posibilidades de éxito en el proceso de cambio y por ende, las posibilidades de supervivencia en esta nueva época.

  2. AUDIT PROCEDURES – RECEIVABLE AND SALES

    OpenAIRE

    Ștefan Zuca

    2013-01-01

    The overall objective of the audit of accounts receivable and sales is to determine if they are fairly presented in the context of the financial statements as a whole. The sales account is closely tied to accounts receivable; therefore, evidence supporting accounts receivable tends to support sales. For example, having determined that an account receivable is valid, the auditor has thereby supported the validity of the sale. Analytical procedures can often be used to test the sales account. A...

  3. 76 FR 21033 - International Business Machines (IBM), Sales and Distribution Business Unit, Global Sales...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-14

    ... Employment and Training Administration International Business Machines (IBM), Sales and Distribution Business... workers of International Business Machines (IBM), Sales and Distribution Business Unit, Global Sales... on November 17, 2010 (75 FR 70296). The workers supply computer software development and...

  4. Determinants and antecedents of sales organization effectiveness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Razum

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The fundamental objective of this paper was to identify and analyze the main antecedents of sales organization effectiveness in order to offer the guidelines for improving the standard sales practice. In addition to the customary challenges of achieving anticipated sales results, rising pressures of the contemporary business environment underscore the importance of establishing a more effective sales organization. The aim of the empirical research was to identify the sources of effectiveness of sales organizations based on the comparison between two groups of organizations, namely, the relatively high and low performing ones. The concept of sales performance was observed through five distinct factors: sales management activities, sales force characteristics, sales organization design and sales force effectiveness with regard to the sales outcome of these organizations and their behavior. The analysis of the results led to the conclusion that the most important sources of sales effectiveness are the activities of sales managers targeted towards monitoring and rewarding. Moreover, sales managers in relatively more effective organizations reported much higher satisfaction with the design of sales territories. Sales people in effective companies are highly motivated and committed to the organization. In addition, they are also considerably better at achieving high levels of outcome performance. The research presents an addition to a number of similar studies conducted worldwide but, more importantly, it contributes to the exceptionally small number of sales management studies carried out in Croatia. For a more complete analysis it would be necessary to include the variables of the external environment and examine the potential moderating impact of product type and industry on the overall sales effectiveness.

  5. Sales process manual for sales negotiators - case MML-Group

    OpenAIRE

    Laaneots, Kaarin

    2013-01-01

    Sales are one of the key functions needed for a business to run. The whole operation and its processes have to be fluent and efficient so that the resources spend to it bring the maximum profit back. The work of the sales negotiators and salesmen in a company are in vital role in making the profit for the company – and making them in as efficient way as possible. MML-Group is a company that functions in the fields of human resource services and tool retailing. This research study was real...

  6. Estudio electrofisiologico en la neuropatia por Vincristina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga P. Sanz

    1975-12-01

    Full Text Available Diez pacientes afectados por diversas patologías que requerían tratamiento crónico con Vincristina, fueron sometidos a estudios electrofisiológicos en los que se valoró: el número de unidades motoras (UM funcionantes en los músculos de la eminencia tenar, los valores de los incrementos medios de UM, velocidad de conducción motora y su latencia residual en el nervio mediano, la velocidad de conducción sensitiva del mismo nervio y el estado de la transmisión neuromuscular. Los valores obtenidos fueron comparados con grupos controles. Los resultados mostraron disminución del número de UM; las UM remanentes presentaron amplitud reducida junto a otras cuyo tamaño no superaba el del grupo control, hecho que sugiere la incapacidad de lograr una reinervación adecuada. Las velocidades de conducción motora y sensitiva mostraron valores diminuídos, con mayor compromiso en los segmentos distales. Junto a estos datos se halló respuesta miasteniforme al estímulo repetitivo. Todos estos resultados permiten postular la existencia de un compromiso de la unidad motora, abarcando todos sus segmentos, en pacientes intoxicados con Vincristina.

  7. First quarter 2005 sales data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This press release brings information on the AREVA group sales data. First quarter 2005 sales for the group were 2,496 millions of euros, up 3,6% year-on-year from 2,41 millions. The change in foreign exchange rates between the two periods show a negative impact of 22 millions euros, which is much lower than in the first quarter of 2004. It analyzes also in more details the situation of the front end, the reactors and service division, the back end division, the transmission and distribution division and the connectors division. (A.L.B.)

  8. USA Pending Home Sales Rise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Some improvement is projected for existing-home sales in the months ahead,with broader gains seen by the fourth quarter as buyers take advantage of new provisions provided through the recently passed housing stimulus bill. The Pending Home Sales Index,a forward-looking indicator based on contracts signed in June,rose 5.3 percent to 89.0 from a downwardly revised reading of 84.5 in May,but remains 12.3 percent below June 2007 when it stood at 101.4.

  9. Precious Coral Sales Report Data Set

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This is a federally mandated sales log which collects information on sales of raw coral, including weight and revenue. Also includes seller and buyer information....

  10. New Sale Policy for Olympic Tickets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Following the temporary suspension of the phase two domestic ticket sales of the Beijing Olympic Games, the Beijing Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXIX Olympiad(BOCOG)released a new policy of tick- et sales on November 5.

  11. SAMHSA Synar Reports: Youth Tobacco Sales

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — 1997-2013. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Synar Reports: Youth Tobacco Sales. Policy – Youth Tobacco Sales. SAMHSA’s Synar...

  12. SAMHSA Synar Reports: Youth Tobacco Sales

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — 1997-2013. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA). Synar Reports: Youth Tobacco Sales. Policy – Youth Tobacco Sales. SAMHSA’s Synar...

  13. Schedule Sales Query Report Generation System

    Data.gov (United States)

    General Services Administration — Schedule Sales Query presents sales volume figures as reported to GSA by contractors. The reports are generated as quarterly reports for the current year and the...

  14. GeoProcesamiento integrado con ArcObjects para generar afecciones por infraestructuras eléctricas de alta tensión.

    OpenAIRE

    Gutierrez Corea, Federico Vladimir; Manso Callejo, Miguel Ángel; Moreno Marimbaldo, Francisco Javier

    2012-01-01

    El presente trabajo muestra el caso de estudio de las afecciones y la Relaciones de Bienes y Derechos (RBD) afectados por nuevas infraestructuras eléctricas de transporte (obras lineales) en España. El reto consiste en ayudar al cumplimiento de los objetivos de la planificación, definida por el MITYC (revisada para 2020), para construir nuevos circuitos y subestaciones. Se ha desarrollado un Software con ArcObjects que integra/automatiza las distintas etapas del flujo de trabajo asociado: (a)...

  15. Intoxicación por paraquat: descripción de un caso clínico Paraquat poisoning: a case report

    OpenAIRE

    Julieth Hernández; Eduardo Contreras Zúñiga; Sandra X Zuluaga Martinez

    2008-01-01

    El paraquat es el herbicida más vendido en todo el mundo. Se absorbe por las vías digestiva e inhalatoria. Si llega a los pulmones, produce congestión, edema alveolar con aumento de macrófagos que progresa a fibrosis y edema pulmonar, los cuales se presentan hasta 14 días después de la exposición si el afectado no recibió tratamiento oportuno y correcto. El paraquat se dirige fundamentalmente a los pulmones y genera allí radicales libres oxidantes; por eso, en los casos de intoxicación aguda ...

  16. Factores para el escalado del proceso de producción de celulosa por fermentación estática

    OpenAIRE

    Luis Alfonso Caicedo; Da França, F. P.; Lopez, L.

    2011-01-01

    En la producción de celulosa bacteriana por el método estático, el factor de rendimiento Yp/s es afectado por la concentración de glucosa inicial y el tiempo de fermentación. Bajas concentraciones dan valores altos de Yp/s al inicio de la fermentación, mientras que altas concentraciones requieren tiempos largos para lograr valores comparables. El área superficial aumenta la producción de celulosa, pero existe una relación (área interfacial/volumen de medio) límite a partir de la cual la celul...

  17. EVALUACIÓN DE TECNOLOGÍAS PARA LA RECUPERACIÓN DE SUELOS DEGRADADOS POR SALINIDAD EVALUATION OF TECHNOLOGIES FOR THE RECOVERY OF SOILS DEGRADED BY SALINITY

    OpenAIRE

    Orlando Zúñiga Escobar; Juan Carlos Osorio Saravia; Ramiro Cuero Guependo; Julián Andrés Peña Ospina

    2011-01-01

    La presencia de salinidad y sodio en los suelos interfiere en el crecimiento adecuado de la mayoría de los cultivos y por lo tanto constituye uno de los problemas más serios que enfrenta la agricultura sostenible. Se evaluaron una serie de tecnologías no convencionales utilizadas en recuperación de suelos afectados por salinidad según la respuesta agronómica de un cultivo de maíz. Se planteó la aplicación de 3 tratamientos alternativos: 1) Biofertilizantes, 2) Biopolimeros y 3) Electromagneti...

  18. Estructura espacial de un ecotono bosque subalpino pastos alpinos en el Tessó de Son (Pirineos Centrales) formado por bandas altitudinales de árboles

    OpenAIRE

    Camarero Martínez, Jesús Julio; Gutiérrez Merino, Emilia

    1999-01-01

    El límite altitudinal del bosque y los pastos alpinos forman los límites inferior y superior del ecotono bosque subalpino-pastos alpinos, respectivamente. El objetivo es la descripción espacial de este ecotono, en un sitio poco afectado por perturbaciones humanas locales (Tessó, 42° 36' N, 01° 03' E), para inferir los procesos que generaron su estructura espacial. Este ecotono está compuesto por Pinus uncinata y su límite altitudinal se sitúa a -2350 m snm. Se midieron la localización (coorde...

  19. Estudio de cohorte prospectiva sobre la asociación entre la nutrición por gastrostomía y el desarrollo de infecciones respiratorias bajas en adultos sin ventilación mecánica

    OpenAIRE

    Cortés Muñoz, Fabián

    2012-01-01

    Antecedentes: Las infecciones intrahospitalarias (IIH) afectan entre el 5% y el 10% de los pacientes hospitalizados en todo el mundo, acrecentando los costos para los sistemas de salud por un aumento en la estancia hospitalaria y un exceso de morbilidad y mortalidad en los individuos afectados. Las infecciones respiratorias bajas son en frecuencia, costos e impacto en salud las de mayor importancia tanto en unidades de cuidado intensivo (UCI´s) como en servicios médicos generales. Algunos fac...

  20. Advertising Versus Sales In Demand Creation

    OpenAIRE

    Gal Hochman; Oded Hochman

    2009-01-01

    Using an analytical model, we investigate the dynamics of a firm with market power whose advertisements and sales contribute to its customers’ stock of goodwill. An advertising campaign precedes the firm’s sales when customers are not familiar with its product, (e.g., movies), whereas sales of a new brand of a familiar product may start without advertising (e.g. Crocs shoes). For constant demand elasticity, both advertising and sales take place from the start. Two different types of solutions...

  1. Determinants and antecedents of sales organization effectiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Andrea Razum

    2011-01-01

    The fundamental objective of this paper was to identify and analyze the main antecedents of sales organization effectiveness in order to offer the guidelines for improving the standard sales practice. In addition to the customary challenges of achieving anticipated sales results, rising pressures of the contemporary business environment underscore the importance of establishing a more effective sales organization. The aim of the empirical research was to identify the sources of effectiveness ...

  2. Sales-Force Incentives and Inventory Management

    OpenAIRE

    Fangruo Chen

    2000-01-01

    This article studies the problem of sales-force compensation by considering the impact of sales-force behavior on a firm's production and inventory system. The sales force's compensation package affects how the salespeople are going to exert their effort, which in turn determines the sales pattern for the firm's product and ultimately drives the performance of the firm's production and inventory system. In general, a smooth demand process facilitates production/inventory planning. Therefore, ...

  3. Forest owners' timber sales satisfaction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The TTS Institute has carried out a study concerning forest owners' timber sales. The material was collected in 2002 via a mail inquiry that targeted forest owners who sold timber during the years 1997-1999 and 1999-2002. Three quarters of the forest owners sold timber to the same timber buying company during both periods of 1997-1999 and 1999-2002. The most important reasons for selling to the same buyer were that they purchased all timber assortments, reliability and good timber price. Mainly the same reasons also applied when changing the timber buying company. The most sensitive groups to changing timber buyer were 60-69 year old, entrepreneurs, men, and owners of forest holdings between 20-29 hectares, owners of inherited forests and joint forest ownerships. The forest owners assessed the timber buying company's operations and its staff on the basis of the last timber sale. The forest owners gave best values for the timber buyer's reliability, the purchase of all timber assortments and the timber buyers' reputation. The worst values were given for cross-cutting and response to complaints. No less than 95 percent of forest owners were prepared to recommend their timber trade partner to acquaintances, friends or other forest owners. Yet only half of the forest owners recognized that their last timber sale experience would not affect which company will be selected for the nest timber sale process

  4. Sales promotions and channel coordination

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B. Wierenga (Berend); H. Soethoudt (Han)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractConsumer sales promotions are usually the result of the decisions of two marketing channel parties, the manufacturer and the retailer. In making these decisions, each party normally follows its own interest: i.e. maximizes its own profit. Unfortunately, this results in a suboptimal outco

  5. Strong Merchandising Can Drive Sales

    OpenAIRE

    Murphy, James Peter

    2009-01-01

    Most Irish licensed premises have learned to apply successful merchandising techniques within their bars in recent years. Increases in overall food and beverage sales have been brought about by encouraging personnel projection, rigorous adoption of merchandising techniques developed by management, complemented by food and beverage companies who have developed specific strategies for dealing with customers and prospective customers.

  6. Shell and Oxy set sales

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article focuses on the development of the Malampaya-Camagao gasfield by the joint owners Shell Philippines and Occidental Philippines. The signing of a memoranda of understanding for the sale of the gas, negotiations on gas prices, development concepts, production options, the routing of an offshore pipeline, and planned construction are discussed. (UK)

  7. Advertising and Sales Promotion Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    North Carolina State Dept. of Public Instruction, Raleigh. Div. of Vocational Education.

    This document contains teacher materials for a 4-unit, 1-year marketing education course in advertising and sales promotion offered in grades 11 and 12 in North Carolina. The preface contains a rationale for the development of the course, a course description, course objectives, a list of the instructional units of the course, and a list of the…

  8. David Sales o Joan Rosenthal

    OpenAIRE

    Abrams, D. Sam

    2011-01-01

    Incerta glòria de Joan Sales és una reconeguda obra mestra de la literatura del segle XX. El 1991 fou traduida a l’anglès per David Rosenthal, un notable traductor del català. Aquest article aprofundeix en les raons per les quals la traducció de Rosenthal mai no trobà un editor important.

  9. 36 CFR 223.227 - Sale advertisement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sale advertisement. 223.227 Section 223.227 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM TIMBER Special Forest Products Advertisement and Bids § 223.227 Sale advertisement. (a) The Forest Service...

  10. Recent trends in commercial bank loan sales

    OpenAIRE

    Rebecca Demsetz

    1993-01-01

    The dollar volume of commercial bank loan sales rose rapidly in the mid-1980s but has declined equally rapidly over the past few years. This article provides insight into these loan sales trends by looking beyond the aggregate data and separately examining the sales activities of the largest loan sellers and those of all other banks.

  11. The effect of sales force control systems and sales experience on salesperson performance

    OpenAIRE

    Chaichee, Aamer

    2015-01-01

    The implications of the effect of sales force control systems on salesperson output performance has not been consistently established. The purpose of this research is to measure how sales force control systems affect the salesperson's output performance while investigating how the role of sales experience influences the proposed consequence. Both total sales experience and the sales experience in the current organization are taken into account. Survey data (n=177) collected from salespeopl...

  12. Revisión sistemática de trastornos del habla y del lenguaje producidos por intoxicaciones

    OpenAIRE

    Calvo Peláez, Sandra

    2015-01-01

    Breve revisión bibliográfica basada en descripciones de casos de pacientes que han sufrido una intoxicación por sustancias tóxicas, quedando afectado el habla y el lenguaje, recogidas en 32 artículos. Perseguimos revisar la literatura médica relacionada con las intoxicaciones que afectan al habla y el lenguaje, además de conocer la importancia del tratamiento logopédico en ellas. mediante búsqueda sistemática en bases de datos Pubmed, Google Académico, Scielo e Índice Médico Español ...

  13. Fuel oil and kerosene sales 1997

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-08-01

    The Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales 1997 report provides information, illustrations and state-level statistical data on end-use sales of kerosene; No. 1, No. 2, and No. 4 distillate fuel oil; and residual fuel oil. State-level kerosene sales include volumes for residential, commercial, industrial, farm, and all other uses. State-level distillate sales include volumes for residential, commercial, industrial, oil company, railroad, vessel bunkering, military, electric utility, farm, on-highway, off highway construction, and other uses. State-level residual fuel sales include volumes for commercial, industrial, oil company, vessel bunkering, military, electric utility, and other uses. 24 tabs.

  14. Fuel oil and kerosene sales 1997

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales 1997 report provides information, illustrations and state-level statistical data on end-use sales of kerosene; No. 1, No. 2, and No. 4 distillate fuel oil; and residual fuel oil. State-level kerosene sales include volumes for residential, commercial, industrial, farm, and all other uses. State-level distillate sales include volumes for residential, commercial, industrial, oil company, railroad, vessel bunkering, military, electric utility, farm, on-highway, off highway construction, and other uses. State-level residual fuel sales include volumes for commercial, industrial, oil company, vessel bunkering, military, electric utility, and other uses. 24 tabs

  15. Balance de sales de la Cuenca del Ebro

    OpenAIRE

    Alberto Giménez, Francisco; Aragüés Lafarga, Ramón; Quílez Sáez de Viteri, Dolores

    1986-01-01

    [ES] Con base en los datos publicados por el M. O. P. U., se ha desarrollado el balance de masas de agua y sales de la Cuenca del Ebro. A través del mismo se han cuantificado las contribuciones de cada afluente al río Ebro y de éste al Mar Mediterráneo (Tortosa) y se han identificado las fuentes y sumideros del sistema y las áreas críticas con insuficiente información. El balance demuestra los elevados niveles de salinidad de varios ríos de la Cuenca, la gran importancia de las fuentes de sal...

  16. Sales Rebate Contracts in Fashion Supply Chains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chun-Hung Chiu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available We explore in this paper the performance of sales rebate contracts in fashion supply chains. We conduct both analytical and numerical analyses via a mean-variance framework with reference to real empirical data. To be specific, we evaluate the expected profits and variance of profits (risk of the fashion supply chains, fashion retailers, and manufacturers under (1 the currently implemented sales rebate practices, (2 the case without sales rebate, and (3 the theoretical coordination situation (if target sales rebate is adopted. In addition, we analyze how sales effort affects the performances of the supply chain and its agents. Our analysis indicates that the rebate contracts may hurt the retailer and the manufacturer of a fashion supply chain when it is inappropriately set. Moreover, a properly designed sales rebate contract not only can coordinate the supply chain (with retail sales effort but can also improve expected profits and lower the levels of risk for both the manufacturer and the retailer.

  17. Sales Distribution of Consumer Electronics

    CERN Document Server

    Hisano, Ryohei

    2010-01-01

    Using the uniform most powerful unbiased test, we observed the sales distribution of consumer electronics in Japan on a daily basis and report that it follows both a lognormal distribution and a power-law distribution and depends on the state of the market. We show that these switches occur quite often. The underlying sales dynamics found between both periods nicely matched a multiplicative process. However, even though the multiplicative term in the process displays a size-dependent relationship when a steady lognormal distribution holds, it shows a size-independent relationship when the power-law distribution holds. This difference in the underlying dynamics is responsible for the difference in the two observed distributions.

  18. Sales Taxation in Global Economy

    OpenAIRE

    William F. Fox and Matthew N. Murray

    2003-01-01

    This paper examines the hard-to-tax problem as it relates to the operation of the retail sales tax in general and particularly in the context of an increasingly global economy, with freer trade and factor mobility and heightened horizontal tax and market competition. The perspective of globalization taken here is drawn largely from that of competition and openness across American states; international globalization simply represents an extension of the current problems associated with attempt...

  19. Sport promotion and sales management

    OpenAIRE

    Zahra Aminiroshan; Esmaiel Sharifian; Seyed Mostafa Siyadat

    2014-01-01

    At the beginning of third millennium, the world of sport has been experiencing new marketing techniques to introduce products and services. The purpose of this study was to compare advertising and sales promotion strategies, the effects of different strategies in sport production companies to retain or to gain market share among selected firms, which were active in Iran. The method of survey was descriptive – analytical and some questionnaires were used for collecting data in Likert scale. Th...

  20. Sale of electricity to households

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Company Slovenske elektrarne (SE) Predaj has after two years of presence in the market expanded their business activities to the households segment. The first customers can be particularly employees of Slovenske elektrarne. This chance will be provided to them starting from 1 October of this year. 'The electricity supplies for households will only be supplementary segment of sales at SE Predaj Company. We will still focus mainly at businesses with higher consumption,' says director of the Company Mr. Stanislav Reguli. (author)

  1. Android Alert App (shop sale)

    OpenAIRE

    Singh, Raj Kumar

    2014-01-01

    With evolving technologies, number of business organizations is conducting business via eCommerce. Mobile commerce is effective and efficient among one of them. Android is invading the enterprise and mobile commerce is moving to smartphones. It uses World Wide Web for exchanging data to facilitate the target customer with all its contents and the details. The objective of this thesis was to build an Alert generating eCommerce app. As a result, Shop Sale was made. It is an Android applicati...

  2. Sport promotion and sales management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahra Aminiroshan

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available At the beginning of third millennium, the world of sport has been experiencing new marketing techniques to introduce products and services. The purpose of this study was to compare advertising and sales promotion strategies, the effects of different strategies in sport production companies to retain or to gain market share among selected firms, which were active in Iran. The method of survey was descriptive – analytical and some questionnaires were used for collecting data in Likert scale. The validity of the questionnaire were estimated by interview with professors and exports in marketing and sport marketing and the reliability was assessed by using Cronbach's alpha (α= 0.89. Statistical population of the study includes Sport Goods-Producing companies in Iran (N= 180 and 122 firms formed the study sample. For testing the hypothesis, we have used Paired Samples T-Test. The analysis of findings showed that there was a meaningful difference between using advertising and sales promotion strategies. In general, we can say, there are some limited applications of using techniques and methods of sales promotion strategies in Iranian sport industry and methods of advertising. Consequently, regarding the intense competition among companies as well as fast growth of markets and fast changes in consumer’s behavior, identifying the best methods for corresponding relationship to customer would be required.

  3. Morbilidad oculta por parasitismo intestinal en Lagunita, municipio Girardot, Venezuela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanelis Núñez Gómez

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio epidemiológico descriptivo de corte transversal, con el objetivo de determinar la morbilidad oculta por parasitismo intestinal en Lagunita, municipio Girardot, Venezuela; en el período de enero a octubre de 2009. El universo fue de 286 niños, lo que se corresponde con la población total del grupo de edad de menores de 15 años. De estos se seleccionaron por muestreo aleatorio simple 43 pacientes, a los que se les aplicó un cuestionario y se confeccionó una guía de observación, para describir los factores epidemiológicos que influyen en la infestación por parasitismo intestinal. Además, se les realizaron análisis de las heces fecales seriadas para el diagnóstico del parasitismo. El método estadístico fue el cálculo de las frecuencias absolutas y relativas. A través del estudio de las heces fecales seriadas se obtuvo que 27 pacientes tenían parasitosis intestinal, para una morbilidad de 62,79%, con una mayor incidencia en los niños de cinco a nueve años de edad. El sexo femenino fue el más afectado. Los factores epidemiológicos que más influyeron fueron: los malos hábitos higiénicos personales, el entorno desfavorable y el consumo de agua no potable; existió relación entre el nivel socioeconómico, los factores epidemiológicos y la morbilidad por parasitismo intestinal. Predominó la parasitosis por Entamoeba Histolytica, con 11 casos, para un 40,74%. La diarrea, las molestias abdominales y la pérdida de apetito constituyeron los principales síntomas

  4. Efectos de las cenizas y la repelencia al agua en suelos afectados por incendios forestales en ecosistemas mediterráneos = Ash and water repellency efects on soil hydrology in fire-afected Mediterranean ecosystems

    OpenAIRE

    Berenguer Bodí, Mercedes

    2012-01-01

    El fuego es un factor ecológico natural en la Tierra y ha actuado con diferente intensidad desde hace 400 millones de años. En condiciones de clima mediterráneo el fuego es un factor recurrente que las sociedades humanas han controlado desde hace milenios. Sin embargo, tras medio siglo de abandono agrícola y ganadero, la gestión del monte mediterráneo mediante el uso del fuego es inexistente. Además, con la recuperación de la vegetación, el fuego afecta ahora a una densa y continua masa fores...

  5. Comparativa de métodos de descontaminación de suelos afectados por hidrocarburos. Aplicación a la obra del AVE de Málaga

    OpenAIRE

    Herrero Peña, María José

    2016-01-01

    El objetivo de esta tesis, va a ser la investigación y desarrollo de tratamientos de biorremediación para conseguir la recuperación de los terrenos contaminados situados en el tramo del tren de alta velocidad entre Córdoba y Málaga, reduciendo de esta forma los residuos enviados a vertederos. Para ello, se va a investigar y a desarrollar una tecnología innovadora de descontaminación in situ de suelos con altas concentraciones de hidrocarburos, basándonos en el landfarming y como principal av...

  6. Determination of the ecological quality of the Pyrenean glacier lakes effected by anthropic action: Sabocos and Banos; Determinacion de la calidad ecologia de dos lagos de origen glaciar pirenaicos afectados por la accion antropica: Sabocos y Banos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lanaja, F. J.; Arruebo, T.; Pardo, A.; Rodriguez, C.; Valle, J. del; Hernandez, C.; Santolaria, Z.

    2008-07-01

    In this paper, the results obtained in the study of two Pyrenean glacier lakes, Sabocos and Banos, are analyzed and interpreted on the basis of the Directive 2006/60/CE (Water Framework Directive). The evaluation of their conservation level is also based on the concept of ecological quality. Sampling was carried out seasonally, throughout one year period, in order to estimate the influence of the activities practiced in summer and winter in that area. the ecological quality level found in both lakes is lower than expected and the main hazards is the high concentration of some heavy metals. However, this study points out a lack of adequate specific criteria to adequately evaluate those environments. (Author) 16 refs.

  7. Measurement methodology of vegetable samples from an area affected by residual contamination due to uranium mining sterile; Metodologia de medida de muestras vegetales procedentes de un terreno afectado por contaminacion residual debida a esteriles de mineria de uranio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Navarro, N.; Suarez, J. A.; Yague, L.; Ortiz Gandia, M. I.; Marijuan, M. J.; Garcia, E.; Ortiz, T.; Alvarez, A.

    2013-07-01

    This paper presents the methodology established for radiological characterization of plant material generated during the first stage of the realization of a movement of land in an area of land affected by residual contamination due to the burial of sterile of uranium mining. (Author)

  8. Calibración y puesta en marcha de una nueva máquina de ensayo para hormigón afectado por la reacción álcali-árido

    OpenAIRE

    Acosta Collell, Ivan

    2012-01-01

    [ANGLÈS] The present document is about the calibration and tuning of a machine for testing the expansion induced by alkali-silica reaction in concrete specimens affected under triaxial stress states. The alkali-silica reaction (ASR) has its origin in the combination of reactive silica present in some aggregates, with the hydroxyl ions normally present in abundance in the water of the pores of concrete. If there are conditions with sufficient water, the subsequent reactions l...

  9. Use of compost for the restoration of mine wastes and mine soils; Utilizacion de materiales compostados en la rehabilitacion potencial de espacios afectados por residuos mineros y suelos de mina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paradelo, R.

    2013-09-01

    One of the main limitations for the successful restoration of the environmental damages produced by quarrying and mining activities is that mine waste and mine soils are largely devoid of organic matter. For this reason, amelioration with organic materials such as sewage sludge, manure or compost is gaining attention as a desirable strategy that may render good results in restoration. In this paper, recent experiences on the use of composted materials for the amelioration of mine wastes and mine soils are reviewed. The benefits obtained from the use of compost in restoration studies include improvement of the unfavourable physical, chemical and biological properties of mine waste and mine soils. The increase in the organic matter concentrations produces an improvement of the structure which leads to reduced bulk density and increased porosity, thus decreasing the risks of compaction, sealing and erosion. Correction of extreme pH is usually observed. N and P, two elements that are usually lacking in mine waste, are also added with compost in plant-available forms. The introduction of microbial populations leads to the reactivation of biogeochemical cycles which are essential for the long-term fertility and sustainability of new ecosystems. (Author)

  10. The sale of alcohol in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    laCour, Lisbeth; Milhøj, Anders

    2009-01-01

    How do prices affect the choice of types of alcohol in Denmark? We study the Danish sale of alcoholic beverages in a time series framework. First, we look at annual data from 1980 investigating the hypothesis of a fairly stable level of sales. We conclude stationarity of sales and we also find...... that the income elasticity of total sales has been zero. Second, we analyse the composition of the alcohol sale between beer, wine and spirits in a multivariate model conditional on the development in prices. For this analysis we use Johansen cointegration techniques. Again we test that income can be omitted from...... the model and we use the model to derive the effects on the composition of alcohol sales of three different sets of changes in the alcohol taxation....

  11. The Sale of Alcohol in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    la Cour, Lisbeth; Milhøj, Anders

    2005-01-01

    In the following we will analyse the sale of alcohol in Denmark. Various figures related to this question are published by Statistics Denmark at different frequencies. Our main concern will be with quarterly data for the sale of beer, wine and spirits from the period 1990 - 2004. Our two hypotheses...... are: First we want to convince the reader that the total sale of alcohol in Denmark since 1980 has been fairly stable. By total sale we mean the total sale of 100% alcohol so the three categories - beer, wine and spirits are measured in litres of 100% alcohol equivalents. In order to convince...... the reader that the total sale of alcohol has been fairly constant we will present graphs and various indicators and tests of the degree of temporal dependence in this series. The overall impression from this analysis is that our first hypothesis seems to be supported -at least not contradicted - by the data...

  12. Sinopec Launches Shanghai Asphalt Sales Company

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    @@ Sinopec Shanghai Asphalt Sales Company was launched in Shanghai on September 22, marking Sinopec as the largest asphalt supplier in China integrated in famous brand,production, sales and research, and distribution network.This is another important initiative for Sinopec's asphalt segment, after Sinopec won the bid for construction of F 1 racing course, to grasp the market opportunities, further improve the product quality and the level of after-sales services, and further make its asphalt business larger and stronger.

  13. Changes to the retail sales methodology

    OpenAIRE

    Craig H McLaren

    2009-01-01

    This article is based on a previously published information article which was released on 15 May 2009. It outlines methodological and publication changes in the calculation of the value and volume retail sales estimates from the ONS Retail Sales Inquiry that were introduced in the April 2009 retail sales estimates, which were published on 21 May 2009. A comparison between the previously published estimates and the estimates including all the methodological changes is provided for the ‘All ret...

  14. Financing asset sales and business cycles

    OpenAIRE

    Arnold, Marc; Hackbarth, Dirk; Puhan, Tatjana-Xenia

    2014-01-01

    This paper analyzes the decision of firms to sell assets to fund investments (financing asset sales). For a sample of U.S. manufacturing firms during the 1971-2010 period, we document new stylized facts about financing asset sales that cannot be explained by traditional motives for selling assets, such as financial distress or financing constraints. Using a structural model of financing, investment, and macroeconomic risk, we show that financing asset sales attenuate the debt overhang problem...

  15. MINNESOTA FARM REAL ESTATE SALES: 1990 - PRESENT

    OpenAIRE

    Steven J. TAFF

    2002-01-01

    This publication is a snapshot of the Minnesota Farm Real Estate Sales web site (http://www.apec.umn.edu/faculty/sjtaff/salesstudy) as of May 5, 2002. It will be formally "reissued" (the web site will be recaptured) each Spring, as new sales data become available. We no longer distribute a separate farm real estate report in the Minnesota Agricultural Economist (now the Minnesota Applied Economist). The site consists largely of graphs and tables summarizing sales over the past decade. It prov...

  16. MINNESOTA FARM REAL ESTATE SALES: 1990 - 2002

    OpenAIRE

    Steven J. TAFF

    2003-01-01

    This publication is a snapshot of the Minnesota Farm Real Estate Sales web site (http://www.apec.umn.edu/faculty/sjtaff/salesstudy) as of May 2, 2003. It will be formally "reissued" (the web site will be recaptured) each Spring, as new sales data become available. We no longer distribute a separate farm real estate report in the Minnesota Agricultural Economist (now the Minnesota Applied Economist). The site consists largely of graphs and tables summarizing sales over the past decade. It prov...

  17. Success Factors for Personal Sale - Transaction Oriented

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Mihai Vasiliu

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to demonstrate that a complex of factors, which I called “the successfactors", which decisively influence the sale process. Currently, companies spend significant amountsof money each year to train sales representatives in the art sale. Banking institutions are designed tosuccessfully meet the financial needs of the customers, to identify new needs, to reshape bankingproducts and services, to create and launch new products and services on market.

  18. 76 FR 32231 - International Business Machines (IBM), Sales and Distribution Business Unit, Global Sales...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-03

    ... Employment and Training Administration International Business Machines (IBM), Sales and Distribution Business..., 2011 (76 FR 21033). The request for reconsideration alleges that IBM outsourced to India and China... and location is International Business Machines (IBM), Sales and Distribution Business Unit,...

  19. Sale of company or its part

    OpenAIRE

    Novotná, Barbora

    2008-01-01

    This dissertation deals with the sale of a company or its part - in terms of law, accounting and taxes. Each of the two parts is devoted to a particular area. The first part is devoted to the sale of a company or a part of it from a legal point of view. Defines important terms, which are closely related to the sale of a company or its part as it is provided in the commercial code -- and deals with the rights and obligations of the seller. The second part is focused on the sale and purchase of...

  20. Role of the Sales Manager and it's Intersection with Sales Technology

    OpenAIRE

    Kennelly, Stephen, (Thesis)

    2008-01-01

    The area of sales management and technology is an expanding and dynamic field of research. Examining the impact and facets of technology in the arena of sales management has been steadily increasing over the past few decades as sales managers and industry seek to benefit from the multiple uses of technology. Large scale quantitative sales research itself in Ireland has been limited over the past 15 years and not since De Burca and Lambkin (1991) performed an analysis of the industry has there...

  1. Impact of Sales Experience and Training on Sales Presentation Skills between Industrial Salespersons

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad Ali Abdolvand; Sepideh Farzaneh

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to examine the relations between important sales presentation skills and salesperson job performance. Data on each construct in the model was gathered and the relations analyzed using LISREL software. More sales skills need to be considered and salespeople in other industry and also in other than those in the business to business environment should be studied. Finding shows that one of the salesperson characteristics, sales experience, underlies all the sales pr...

  2. Retail Pricing and Clearance Sales

    OpenAIRE

    1984-01-01

    Sellers of new products are faced with having to guess demand conditions to set price appropriately. But sellers are able to adjust price over time and to learn from past mistakes. Additionally, it is not necessary that all goods be sold with certainty. It is sometimes better to set a high price and to risk no sale. This process is modeled to explain retail pricing behavior and the time distribution of transactions. Prices start high and fall as afunction of time on the shelf. The initial pri...

  3. De compras por el supermercado genético

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Singer, Peter

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Should we say that selective abortion is a “powerful message that we seek to eliminate future persons”? When deaf parents want to have a deaf children, Are they crazy? Are they advocates of a culture –the Deaf culture? If genetic engineering can give us health, intelligent, and athletic childrens, why say not to this advantages? The aim of this article is not to deal with all objections that could be urged against these options; the purpose is developing a clear understanding of the central values at stake.

    ¿Estamos eliminando una cultura, la de los sordos, cuando tratamos de evitar que nazcan niños sordos? El aborto terapéutico, ¿significa que, por ejemplo, creemos que las vidas de los afectados por síndrome de Down son vidas de menor valor que las vidas “normales”? Si se permitiera la manipulación genética de los embriones ¿sería poco ético encargar hijos guapos y altos? Este artículo no aporta respuestas a estas preguntas, pero sí que plantea los términos para dar cuenta de ellas y eleva acta de lo difícil que es dar una respuesta concluyente.

  4. 27 CFR 53.96 - Constructive sale price; special rule for arm's-length sales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...; special rule for arm's-length sales. 53.96 Section 53.96 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL... sale price; special rule for arm's-length sales. (a) In general. Section 4216(b)(2) of the Code... distributors in arm's-length transactions, and the manufacturer establishes that its prices in such cases...

  5. 21 CFR 1314.100 - Sales limits for mail-order sales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Section 1314.100 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE RETAIL SALE OF... regulated person who makes a sale at retail of a scheduled listed chemical product and is required under... regulated person who makes a sale at retail of a scheduled listed chemical product and is required...

  6. Do Perceptions of Hiring Criteria Differ for Sales Managers and Sales Representatives? Implications for Marketing Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raymond, Mary Anne; Carlson, Les; Hopkins, Christopher D.

    2006-01-01

    Using both qualitative and quantitative methods, this study explores whether perceptions of critical hiring criteria for entry-level sales positions differ across sales managers and sales representatives. This research also examines which classroom activities and skills these individuals perceive to be most important for strengthening the desired…

  7. Evaluación de la alteración hidrológica de la laguna de La Ratosa (N de Málaga) por el uso intensivo del agua subterránea

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Rodríguez, Miguel; Benavente Herrera, José

    2011-01-01

    El régimen hidrológico de la laguna de La Ratosa (Málaga) se ha visto significativamente afectado por la explotación intensiva de las aguas subterráneas en la zona. En régimen natural, esta laguna recibía la escorrentía superficial generada en su cuenca vertiente (CV), constituida por arcillas y margas, y descarga subterránea desde el sector meridional de acuífero carbonático de Sierra de la Camorra. Este acuífero, que aflora en el sector oriental de la CV, está sometido a e...

  8. Resistencia genética al Virus del Arrugamiento Foliar del Fríjol transmitido por Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) Genetic resistance to Bean Leaf Crumple Virus transmitted by Bemisia tabaci (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae)

    OpenAIRE

    MARÍA ELENA CUÉLLAR J.; Morales, Francisco J.; JAMES MONTOYA LERMA

    2011-01-01

    Desde 2002, los cultivos de fríjol habichuela (Phaseolus vulgaris) de la parte plana del Valle del Cauca han sido afectados por el Virus del Arrugamiento Foliar del Fríjol (Begomovirus: Geminiviridae) agente causal de una nueva y severa enfermedad, transmitido por el biotipo B de la mosca blanca, Bemisia tabaci. Se investigó la relación virus-vector utilizando genotipos de fríjol común seleccionados como posibles fuentes de resistencia. Se determinó la eficiencia de transmisión del virus usan...

  9. The new science of sales force productivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ledingham, Dianne; Kovac, Mark; Simon, Heidi Locke

    2006-09-01

    For years, sales managers at many companies have relied on top performers and sheer numbers of sales reps to stay competitive. But while they may have squeaked by on this wing-and-a-prayer technique, their sales teams haven't thrived the way they once did. Today's most successful sales leaders are taking a more scientific approach. Savvy managers are reshaping their tactics in response to changing markets. They are reaching out to new customers in innovative ways. And they are increasing productivity by helping the reps they already have make the most of their skills and resources. Leaders who take a scientific approach to sales force effectiveness have learned to use four levers to boost their reps' productivity in a predictable and manageable way. First, they systematically target their firms' offerings, matching the right products with the right customers. Second, they optimize the automation, tools, and procedures at their disposal, providing reps with the support they need to boost sales.Third, they analyze and manage their reps' performance, measuring both internal processes and results to determine where their teams' strengths and weaknesses are. Fourth, they pay close attention to sales force deployment--how well sales, support, marketing, and delivery resources are matched to customers. These four levers can help sales leaders increase productivity across the board, the authors say, though they have the greatest impact on lower-ranked performers. The overall effect of increasing the average sales per employee can be exponential; it means a company won't have to rely on just a few talented individuals to stay competitive. This is especially important because finding and keeping star salespeople is more difficult than ever. What's more, managers who optimize the sales forces they already have can see returns they never thought possible. PMID:16967626

  10. Single Family Loan Sale Initiative - Neighborhood Stabilization Outcome Pool Offering

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Housing and Urban Development — The FHA Office of Housing is conducting a series of mortgage loan sales under the Single Family Loan Sale (SFLS) Initiative. The current sales structure consists of...

  11. Predicting sales performance: Strengthening the personality – job performance linkage

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T.B. Sitser (Thomas)

    2014-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ Many organizations worldwide use personality measures to select applicants for sales jobs or to assess incumbent sales employees. In the present dissertation, consisting of four independent studies, five approaches to strengthen the personality-sales performance linkage

  12. PETROCHINA WEST EAST GAS PIPELINE & SALES COMPANY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ PetroChina West East Gas Pipeline & Sales Company, a regional company directly under PetroChina Company Limited (PetroChina), is responsible for the construction and operation of the West-East Gas Pipeline Project, and the gas marketing and sales of the natural gas market in China.

  13. Fuel oil and kerosene sales 1994

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This publication contains the 1994 survey results of the ''Annual Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales Report'' (Form EIA-821). This is the sixth year that the survey data have appeared in a separate publication. Prior to the 1989 report, the statistics appeared in the Petroleum Marketing Annual (PMA)for reference year 1988 and the Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) for reference years 1984 through 1987. The 1994 edition marks the 11th annual presentation of the results of the ongoing ''Annual Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales Report'' survey. Distillate and residual fuel oil sales continued to move in opposite directions during 1994. Distillate sales rose for the third year in a row, due to a growing economy. Residual fuel oil sales, on the other hand, declined for the sixth year in a row, due to competitive natural gas prices, and a warmer heating season than in 1993. Distillate fuel oil sales increased 4.4 percent while residual fuel oil sales declined 1.6 percent. Kerosene sales decreased 1.4 percent in 1994

  14. Optimal Portfolio Choice with Wash Sale Constraints

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Astrup Jensen, Bjarne; Marekwica, Marcel

    2011-01-01

    We analytically solve the portfolio choice problem in the presence of wash sale constraints in a two-period model with one risky asset. Our results show that wash sale constraints can heavily affect portfolio choice of investors with unrealized losses. The trading behavior of such investors is to a...

  15. 76 FR 53636 - Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-29

    ... CFR Part 310 RIN 3084-AA98 Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees AGENCY: Federal Trade Commission. ACTION... Telemarketing Sales Rule (``TSR'') by updating the fees ] charged to entities accessing the National Do Not Call Registry (the Registry as required by the Do-Not-Call Registry Fee Extension Act of 2007. DATES:...

  16. 78 FR 53642 - Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-30

    ... 3084-AA98 16 CFR Part 310 Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees AGENCY: Federal Trade Commission. ACTION: Final... Telemarketing Sales Rule (``TSR'') by updating the fees charged to entities accessing the National Do Not Call Registry (the ``Registry'') as required by the Do-Not-Call Registry Fee Extension Act of 2007....

  17. 77 FR 51697 - Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-27

    ... CFR Part 310 RIN 3084-AA98 Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees AGENCY: Federal Trade Commission. ACTION... Telemarketing Sales Rule (``TSR'') by updating the fees charged to entities accessing the National Do Not Call Registry (the ``Registry'') as required by the Do-Not-Call Registry Fee Extension Act of 2007....

  18. Advanced Selling: A Comprehensive Course Sales Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yarrington-Young, Susan; Castleberry, Stephen B.; Coleman, Joshua T.

    2016-01-01

    A comprehensive project for the Advanced Selling course that has been tested at three universities is introduced. After selecting an industry and a company, students engage in a complete industry analysis, a company sales analysis, a sales-specific SWOT analysis, complete a ride day with a salesperson in that firm, then present their findings in a…

  19. Evaluation of Results from Sales Promotion Activities

    OpenAIRE

    Olimpia Ban

    2007-01-01

    An essential element of the sales promotion strategy and not only is the evaluation of the results obtained from the activities performed. Due to their nature and applicability, the evaluation of the sales promotion is much easier to be achieved, but it raises some problems. Using a hypothetical example, we have tried to develop a "classic" evaluation model of the specialty literature.

  20. 7 CFR 1767.30 - Sales expenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., billboards, and radio for sales promotion purposes, but not including institutional or goodwill advertising... utility, shall be considered sales promotion advertising and charged to this account. However.... Special customer canvasses when their primary purpose is the retention of business or the promotion of...

  1. La productividad y competitividad en los servicios españoles: ¿Cómo ha afectado la reciente crisis económico-financiera?

    OpenAIRE

    Andres Maroto Sanchez; Juan Ramon Cuadrado Roura

    2014-01-01

    El análisis de la productividad en las actividades de servicios ha sido objeto de un interesante y creciente debate a escala internacional. Por otra parte, la productividad ocupa, desde principios de los noventa, una posición central en el estudio de la competitividad internacional de las economías. Este trabajo analiza, precisamente, las relaciones que existen entre la competitividad internacional, la productividad y los costes laborales en el sector servicios de la economía española. El eje...

  2. Sales response modeling in paid, owned and earned media ecosystem

    OpenAIRE

    Seuna, Aira

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The focus of this thesis is on sales response modeling methods. Sales response modeling refers to the econometric modeling of sales response to the marketing actions. The goal is to find out the factors that drive sales, separate the amount of sales brought in by media from the short-term baseline sales, and calculate the return on marketing investment (ROMI). With social and digital media, new types of media channels have emerged. Paid media refers to the tra...

  3. Impact of Sales Experience and Training on Sales Presentation Skills between Industrial Salespersons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Ali Abdolvand

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to examine the relations between important sales presentation skills and salesperson job performance. Data on each construct in the model was gathered and the relations analyzed using LISREL software. More sales skills need to be considered and salespeople in other industry and also in other than those in the business to business environment should be studied. Finding shows that one of the salesperson characteristics, sales experience, underlies all the sales presentation skills and that the other, training, is associated with all the sales presentation skills with the exception of active listening skills. Sales managers are urged to ensure their business to business salespeople develop their skills in adaptive communication and closing as one means to improve sales performance.

  4. SALES STRATEGIES CENTERED ON ELABORATING QUESTIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelu DORLE

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Making a good sales approach depends largely on the strategy established by a salesperson, depending on the type of customer, the circumstances, and his/her psycho-linguistic availability. The sales strategies based on the science of reasoning, on the oratory and persuasive ability include skills related to communication, on which one of the most important is the development and asking of questions. The science related to the salesperson’s ability to handles questions in a sales interview gives the true measure of his/her professionalism. Elaborated based on the taxonomy of the sales steps and depending on customer objections, questions may constitute a basic premise in the development of sales strategies and techniques

  5. Impulse sales cooler. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pedersen, Per Henrik (DTI, Taastrup (Denmark))

    2010-11-15

    In the past years, the use of impulse coolers has increased considerably and it is estimated that at least 30.000 are installed in shops in Denmark. In addition, there are many small barrel-shaped can coolers. Most impulse coolers are open, which results in a large consumption of energy, and the refrigeration systems are often quite inefficient. A typical impulse cooler uses app. 5 - 8 kWh/day corresponding to a consumption of energy in the magnitude of 60 GWh/year. For several years, the Danish company Vestfrost A/S has produced an impulse sales cooler in the high-efficiency end and the energy consumption of the cooler is measured to be 4.15 kWh/day. The POS72 cooler formed the baseline of this project. At the start-up meeting in 2008, several ideas were discussed with the objective to reduce energy consumption and to use natural refrigerants. Among the ideas were better air curtains, removable lids, better condensers, use of R600a refrigeration system and better insulation. Three generations of prototypes were built and tested in a climate chamber at Danish Technological Institute and the third generation showed very good performance: the energy consumption was measured to 2.215 kWh/day, which is a 47% reduction compared to the baseline. That was achieved by: 1) Improving the cold air cycling system including the air curtain. 2) Using the natural refrigerant R600a (isobutane) and the Danfoss NLE9KTK compressor, which has better efficiency compared to the compressor in the baseline product. 3) Using a box type condenser without fins (preventing dust build-up) and with a relatively high surface area. 4) Improving the insulation value of the plastic cabinet by reducing turbulence in the air gap between the plastic walls and improving the insulation value of the EPS moulded insulation surrounding the refrigeration system at the bottom of the cooler. 5) Preventing short-circuit of warm air around the condenser. 6) The improvements are cost efficient and will not add

  6. Escala de evolución de úlceras por presión en el registro de enfermería

    OpenAIRE

    Esquisábel García, Clara

    2014-01-01

    Las úlceras por presión constituyen un problema de salud de primer orden implicando un importante gasto económico en materia de salud, la disminución de la calidad de vida de los afectados y sus familiares e implicaciones legales para los profesionales de salud. La evolución de las úlceras es habitualmente larga y compleja lo que dificulta su seguimiento en las plantas hospitalarias. En el presente estudio, tras la realización de una búsqueda bibliográfica, se propone monitorizar la cicatriza...

  7. Pérdida del hábitat y conflictos en el proceso de desplazamiento de pobladores originado por proyectos urbanos

    OpenAIRE

    Zuluaga Tobón, Diego Alberto

    2015-01-01

    Resumen: Boston y Caicedo son dos barrios tradicionales de Medellín, ambos se han afectado por la implementación de las políticas públicas que han declarado su territorio como de utilidad pública. Sus residentes se vieron obligados a desplazarse de sus hogares, experimentando la pérdida de su vivienda y de su tejido social construido históricamente, el cual durante décadas han consolidado una identidad territorial. El desplazamiento de los hogares ha tenido como consecuencia la pérdida de la...

  8. Organ sales and moral distress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivera-Lopez, Eduardo

    2006-01-01

    The possibility that organ sales by living adults might be made legal is morally distressing to many of us. However, powerful arguments have been provided recently supporting legalisation (I consider two of those arguments: the Consequentialist Argument and the Autonomy Argument). Is our instinctive reaction against a market of organs irrational then? The aim of this paper is not to prove that legalization would be immoral, all things considered, but rather to show, first, that there are some kinds of arguments, offered in favour of legalisation, that are, in an important sense, illegitimate, and second, that even if legalisation might not be wrong all things considered, there are good reasons for our negative moral intuitions. Moreover, identifying these reasons will help highlight some features of moral decisions in non-ideal situations, which in turn might be relevant to some other moral or policy choices. PMID:16683325

  9. Nondestructive assay of sale materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper covers three primary areas: (1) reasons for performing nondestructive assay on SALE materials; (2) techniques used; and (3) discussion of investigators' revised results. The study shows that nondestructive calorimetric assay of plutonium offers a viable alternative to traditional wet chemical techniques. For these samples, the precision ranged from 0.4 to 0.6% with biases less than 0.2%. Thus, for those materials where sampling errors are the predominant source of uncertainty, this technique can provide improved accuracy and precision while saving time and money as well as reducing the amount of liquid wastes to be handled. In addition, high resolution gamma-ray spectroscopy measurements of solids can provide isotopic analysis data in a cost effective and timely manner. The timeliness of the method can be especially useful to the plant operator for production control and quality control measurements

  10. Puesta en evidencia del virus diarrea viral bovina en bovinos clínicamente afectados Isolation of the bovine viral diarrhoea virus from tissue of clinically affected cattle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.O CELEDON

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available Para conocer la presencia del virus diarrea viral bovina (VDVB en animales sospechosos de estar cursando un cuadro clínico provocado por este virus, se trabajó con un total de 33 animales, correspondiendo a 23 fetos abortados, 2 mortinatos, un nonato, 3 vacas: una madre de mortinato, una madre de aborto y una muerta, 2 novillos muertos y 2 terneros muertos. Muestras de órganos se inocularon en cultivos primarios de pulmón fetal bovino (PFB y en la línea MDBK. Después del primer pasaje en células de PFB, se detectó la presencia de antígenos del VDVB por la prueba de inmunoperoxidasa indirecta (IPI. Todas las muestras con reacción positiva a IPI se inocularon por segunda y tercera vez en células de PFB, aplicándose la prueba de IPI en el tercer pasaje. Sobre un cuarto pasaje se aplicó la prueba de inmunofluorescencia direccta (IFD. Todas las muestras, positivas y negativas a IPI, se inocularon en 3 pasajes seriados en las células MDBK. En 23 de los 33 animales se aisló VDVB cepas no citopatogénicas (NCP, correspondiendo a 14 fetos abortados, un nonato, un mortinato, 3 vacas, 2 novillos y 2 terneros. En 6 fetos abortados, independiente de los infectados con el VDVB, se aisló el virus de la rinotraqueítis infecciosa bovina (RIB. Se concluye que la presencia del VDVB es de alta frecuencia en muestras clínicas de ganado bovino con patologías asociables al VDVB, desconociéndose el rol patógeno del virus en estos aislados.Cattle infected with the bovine viral diarrhoea (BVD virus can present a variety of clinical signs. This research studied the presence of BVD virus in cattle by virus isolation in primary cell cultures of bovine embryo lungs. Virus identification was done using the immunoperoxidase staining assay and the direct fluorescent antibody staining. As a result, 23 out of 33 animals were identified as positive to BVD virus: 14 foetal abortions, 2 stillbirths, 3 dams, 2 steers and 2 calves. No cytopathogenic isolates were

  11. Aislamiento de Clostridium perfringens tipo D en un ternero lactante afectado con abomasitis ulcerativa Isolation of Clostridium perfringens type D from a suckling calve with ulcerative abomasitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. A ASSIS

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Se describe un brote de abomasitis ulcerativa asociada con infección por Clostridium perfringens tipo D en terneros lactantes. Seis terneros Holstein, de 2 semanas de edad, murieron después de presentar anorexia y apatía. Otros animales del mismo establecimiento habían muerto de la misma forma seis meses antes. A la necropsia el abomaso estaba muy distendido con contenido fluido y oscuro, la mucosa estaba edematosa y presentaba gran cantidad de úlceras milimétricas y habían depósitos de fibrina en la serosa. En el ciego de un animal se observaron extensas areas de infarto. En frotis de la mucosa abomasal se observaron bacilos cortos Gram positivos, no esporulados, aislándose de ella un cultivo rico de C. perfringens tipo D. Es probable que la baja inmunidad de los terneros debido a falta de calostro y estrés alimenticio, haya sido el predisponente para la infección por C. perfringens tipo DAn outbreak of ulcerative abomasitis in suckling calves associated with Clostridium perfrigens type D infection is described. Six twoweek old Holstein calves died after showing loss of appetite and lethargy. Other animals had died in similar circumstances during the previous six months. At necropsy, the abomasum was severely distended with dark fluid and the mucosa was oedematous and covered with many millimetric ulcers, while the serous surface of this organ was covered with fibrin. Several irregular black areas of infarcts were observed in the cecum of one animal. Histologically, the abomasal mucosa showed ulcers and haemorrhage, while the submucosa showed severe oedema and infiltration of neutrophils, lymphocytes and plasma cells. Short, thick, nonsporulated Gram positive rods were observed on smears of abomasal mucosa. C. perfringens type D was isolated from the abomasal mucosa. Low immunity and stress could have contributed to the pathogenesis of the lesions described

  12. Electric sales and revenue 1992, April 1994

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. This publication provides information about sales of electricity, its associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour sold to residential, commercial, industrial, and other consumers throughout the United States. The sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1992. The electric revenue reported by each electric utility includes the applicable revenue from kilowatthours sold; revenue from income; unemployment and other State and local taxes; energy, demand, and consumer service charges; environmental surcharges; franchise fees; fuel adjustments; and other miscellaneous charges. The revenue does not include taxes, such as sales and excise taxes, that are assessed on the consumer and collected through the utility. Average revenue per kilowatthour is defined as the cost per unit of electricity sold and is calculated by dividing retail sales into the associated electric revenue. The sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour provided in this report are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels

  13. Electric sales and revenue 1992, April 1994

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-04-20

    The Electric Sales and Revenue is prepared by the Survey Management Division, Office of Coal, Nuclear, Electric and Alternate Fuels; Energy Information Administration (EIA); US Department of Energy. This publication provides information about sales of electricity, its associated revenue, and the average revenue per kilowatthour sold to residential, commercial, industrial, and other consumers throughout the United States. The sales, revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour provided in the Electric Sales and Revenue are based on annual data reported by electric utilities for the calendar year ending December 31, 1992. The electric revenue reported by each electric utility includes the applicable revenue from kilowatthours sold; revenue from income; unemployment and other State and local taxes; energy, demand, and consumer service charges; environmental surcharges; franchise fees; fuel adjustments; and other miscellaneous charges. The revenue does not include taxes, such as sales and excise taxes, that are assessed on the consumer and collected through the utility. Average revenue per kilowatthour is defined as the cost per unit of electricity sold and is calculated by dividing retail sales into the associated electric revenue. The sales of electricity, associated revenue, and average revenue per kilowatthour provided in this report are presented at the national, Census division, State, and electric utility levels.

  14. Ending the war between Sales & Marketing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotler, Philip; Rackham, Neil; Krishnaswamy, Suj

    2006-01-01

    Sales departments tend to believe that marketers are out of touch with what's really going on in the marketplace. Marketing people, in turn, believe the sales force is myopic--too focused on individual customer experiences, insufficiently aware of the larger market, and blind to the future. In short, each group undervalues the other's contributions. Both stumble (and organizational performance suffers) when they are out of sync. Yet few firms seem to make serious overtures toward analyzing and enhancing the relationship between these two critical functions. Curious about the misalignment between Sales and Marketing, the authors interviewed pairs of chief marketing officers and sales vice presidents to capture their perspectives. They looked in depth at the relationship between Sales and Marketing in a variety of companies in different industries. Their goal was to identify best practices that could enhance the joint performance and increase the contributions of these two functions. Among their findings: The marketing function takes different forms in different companies at different product life cycle stages. Marketing's increasing influence in each phase of an organization's growth profoundly affects its relationship with Sales. The strains between Sales and Marketing fall into two main categories: economic (a single budget is typically divided, between Sales and Marketing, and not always evenly) and cultural (the two functions attract very different types of people who achieve success by spending their time in very different ways). In this article, the authors describe the four types of relationships Sales and Marketing typically exhibit. They provide a diagnostic to help readers assess their companies' level of integration, and they offer recommendations for more closely aligning the two functions. PMID:16846190

  15. Estudio termodinámico del tanque de almacenamiento de sales en una central termosolar

    OpenAIRE

    Durán Vicente, Rubén

    2014-01-01

    El proyecto realizado se centra en el estudio del sistema de almacenamiento de energía en forma de calor por medio de dos tanques de sales solares fundidas, todo ello aplicado a una planta termosolar de receptor central. La central diseñada se ha ubicado en las Islas Canarias (España), concretamente se ha seleccionado como la ubicación idónea la Isla de Fuerteventura por tres motivos: gran cantidad de radiación solar directa, las características de su parque de generación de energía eléctrica...

  16. Fuel oil and kerosene sales 1995

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This publication contains the 1995 survey results of the ''Annual Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales Report'' (Form EIA-821). This is the seventh year that the survey data have appeared in a separate publication. Except for the kerosene and on-highway diesel information, data presented in Tables 1 through 12 (Sales of Fuel Oil and Kerosene) present results of the EIA-821 survey. Tables 13 through 24 (Adjusted Sales of Fuel Oil and Kerosene) include volumes that are based on the EIA-821 survey but have been adjusted to equal the product supplied volumes published in the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA). 24 tabs

  17. Metodologías educativas para la prevención de las úlceras por presión: estudio piloto en las islas Azores*

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Paula Rocha; Alexandre Rodrigues; Ana Júlia Silva; Luís Filipe Mendes; Marília Coelho; Paula Gonçalves; Francisco J. Hernández-Martínez

    2014-01-01

    Las úlceras por presión representan un importante problema de salud pública de gran repercusión, que entraña numerosos costes y sufrimiento, no solamente en los pacientes afectados, sino también en su entorno familiar. Según datos del Estudio de Prevalencia de úlceras por Presión, llevado a cabo por el Grupo de Investigación Científica en Enfermería (ICE) en 2006, es en el ámbito de la atención primaria donde la prevalencia es más alta. Con el fin de contribuir a su disminución, se realizó un...

  18. The role of non-traditional sales channels in Finnish companies' sales channel portfolio

    OpenAIRE

    Ahovuo, Ilona

    2015-01-01

    The launch of the Internet has changed the environment of the markets where businesses operate today. Sales and purchasing are less tied to place and time, and thus, mobility characterizes the markets where the companies and consumers operate. In response to the change new sales channel models have developed in order to better serve the new needs. These so called non-traditional sales channels offer alternative solutions for companies' market entry and expansion, but until the current moment ...

  19. 21 CFR 1314.35 - Training of sales personnel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Training of sales personnel. 1314.35 Section 1314.35 Food and Drugs DRUG ENFORCEMENT ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE RETAIL SALE OF SCHEDULED LISTED CHEMICAL PRODUCTS Sales by Regulated Sellers § 1314.35 Training of sales personnel. Each...

  20. 26 CFR 48.4041-16 - Sales for export.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 16 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Sales for export. 48.4041-16 Section 48.4041-16... TAXES MANUFACTURERS AND RETAILERS EXCISE TAXES Special Fuels § 48.4041-16 Sales for export. (a) General rule. In order for a sale to be exempt from tax under section 4041 as a sale for export, it...

  1. SALES PROMOTION, A SUGGESTED ADULT DISTRIBUTIVE EDUCATION COURSE OUTLINE.

    Science.gov (United States)

    RUBIN, ALAN J.; AND OTHERS

    THIS SUGGESTED OUTLINE FOR A BASIC COURSE IN SALES PROMOTION IS DESIGNED FOR NOT LESS THAN FIVE 2-HOUR SESSIONS ON (1) ASPECTS OF SALES PROMOTION, (2) SALES PROMOTION TECHNIQUES, (3) NEWSPAPER ADVERTISING, (4) WINDOW AND INTERIOR DISPLAY PRINCIPLES, AND (5) SELECTED PROMOTIONAL MEDIA AND DEVICES. POSSIBLE TEACHERS INCLUDE A SALES PROMOTION…

  2. 7 CFR 1488.5 - Acceptance of sale registrations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Assistant Sales Manager may approve the registration of the sale. If approved, the exporter will be notified.... (f) An exporter shall promptly notify the Assistant Sales Manager when he is unable to fulfill his... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Acceptance of sale registrations. 1488.5 Section...

  3. 77 FR 37823 - Export Sales Reporting Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-25

    ... Price Reporting Act of 2010 (Pub. L. 111-239) mandates that pork be added to the Export Sales Reporting... Dec. 31. cuts/whether or not boxed. ] Dated: June 14, 2012. Suzanne Heinen, Administrator,...

  4. Fuel oil and kerosene sales 1992

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1993-10-29

    This publication contains the 1992 survey results of the ``Annual Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales Report`` (Form EIA-821). This is the fourth year that the survey data have appeared in a separate publication. Prior to the 1989 report, the statistics appeared in the Petroleum Marketing Annual (PMA) for reference year 1988 and the Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM for reference years 1984 through 1987. The 1992 edition marks the ninth annual presentation of the results of the ongoing ``Annual Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales Report`` survey. Except for the kerosene and on-highway diesel information, data presented in Tables 1 through 12 (Sales of Fuel Oil and Kerosene) present results of the EIA-821 survey. Tables 13 through 24 (Adjusted Sales of Fuel Oil and Kerosene) include volumes that are based on the EIA-821 survey but have been adjusted to equal the products supplied volumes published in the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA).

  5. Lobster Report for Transshipment and Sales

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This is a federally mandated log which is required to be mailed in to NMFS after a fishing trip. This data set includes transshipment and sales information for a...

  6. Fuel oil and kerosene sales 1992

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This publication contains the 1992 survey results of the ''Annual Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales Report'' (Form EIA-821). This is the fourth year that the survey data have appeared in a separate publication. Prior to the 1989 report, the statistics appeared in the Petroleum Marketing Annual (PMA) for reference year 1988 and the Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM for reference years 1984 through 1987. The 1992 edition marks the ninth annual presentation of the results of the ongoing ''Annual Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales Report'' survey. Except for the kerosene and on-highway diesel information, data presented in Tables 1 through 12 (Sales of Fuel Oil and Kerosene) present results of the EIA-821 survey. Tables 13 through 24 (Adjusted Sales of Fuel Oil and Kerosene) include volumes that are based on the EIA-821 survey but have been adjusted to equal the products supplied volumes published in the Petroleum Supply Annual (PSA)

  7. Sales Tax Compliance and Audit Selection

    OpenAIRE

    Murray, Matthew N.

    1995-01-01

    Uses sample selection estimation techniques to identify systematic audit selection rules and determinants of sales tax underreporting. Though based on data from only one state (Tennessee), outcomes are useful in developing and evaluating audit selection results.

  8. What have we learned from asset sales?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The author has created a database of 33 sales of generating assets and has the characteristics of those sales to estimate the value of generating assets. The authors conclusion so far is negative: the sales observed to date have varied so widely in characteristics and price that observed sales data cannot be usefully employed to forecast with any reliability the price at which some other asset is likely to sell in a subsequent auction. The author concludes this does not mean that the auction method is in any way inferior to an administrative method for determining stranded costs. It simply means that there are at present no reliable inferences which can be drawn from this process to inform the administrative process. While this situation might change as more and more assets are auctioned, there are reasons to think that this may not be the case

  9. Lobster Processing and Sales Trip Report Data

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This is a federally mandated log which is required to be mailed in to NMFS after a fishing trip. This data set includes lobster processing and sales information...

  10. Miocarditis por dengue

    OpenAIRE

    Ricardo Amador García Hernández; Fidel Espinosa Rivera; Lianet Rivero Seriel

    2013-01-01

    El dengue es un arbovirus transmitido por el Aedes aegypti, produce los cuadros clínicos de dengue clásico, dengue hemorrágico y síndrome de choque por dengue, aisladamente se reportan casos de miocarditis. Se presentó un paciente con antecedentes de dengue clásico que manifestó dolor precordial asociado a cambios electrocardiográficos y fue ingresado en este hospital por síndrome coronario agudo probable, al cual se le diagnosticó clínicamente miocarditis por dengue.

  11. Intoxicación aguda por plaguicidas en edades pediátricas. Guatemala, 2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Enrique Pla Acevedo

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo retrospectivo de la Intoxicación Aguda por plaguicidas en edades pediátricas en Guatemala, que abarcó el  período de enero hasta diciembre del 2011. La muestra estuvo comprendida por 457 pacientes en edades pediátricas. Se analizaron las variables: edad y sexo, actividad que realizaba en el momento de la intoxicación, tipo de plaguicida, severidad, utilización de equipos de protección y lugar de asistencia médica. Las variables para el análisis de los indicadores fueron obtenidas por el Centro Nacional de Epidemiología. Como resultados fundamentales se observó que la Intoxicación Aguda por plaguicidas afectó principalmente al grupo de edades entre 17 y 19 años. El sexo masculino fue el más perjudicado, el mayor porciento de afectados, según causa, fue accidente de trabajo, con un 68% del total de casos; el tipo de plaguicida más utilizado que provocó intoxicación fue el paraquat; predominó la forma severa en los que no usaron medios de protección y el  lugar de atención médica y de notificación correspondió al hospital.

  12. International sales contracts : sources and general principles

    OpenAIRE

    Wautelet, Patrick

    1998-01-01

    This paper gives a general overview of the law of international commercial sales contracts. To this end, the paper starts by examining which rules may apply to such contracts. The various sources of law are reviewed, starting from international conventions unifying substantive rules to conventions unifying conflict of laws rules. Inco-Terms are also analyzed, as are general usages relevant to international commercial contracts. In a second part, the paper focuses on the Vienna Sales Conventio...

  13. DRIVER MODERATOR METHOD FOR RETAIL SALES PREDICTION

    OpenAIRE

    ÖZDEN GÜR ALI

    2013-01-01

    We introduce a new method for stock keeping unit (SKU)-store level sales prediction in the presence of promotions to support order quantity and promotion planning decisions for retail managers. The method leverages the marketing literature to generate features, and data mining techniques to train a model that provides accurate sales predictions for existing and new SKUs, as well as consistent, actionable insights into category, store and promotion dynamics. The proposed "Driver Moderator" met...

  14. Enriched uranium sales: effect on supply industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The subject is covered in sections: introduction (combined effect of low-enriched uranium (LEU) inventory sales and utility services enrichment contract terms); enrichment market overview; enrichment market dynamics; the reaction of the US Department of Energy; elimination of artificial demand; draw down of inventories; purchase and sale of LEU inventories; tails assay option; unfulfilled requirements for U3O8; conclusions. (U.K.)

  15. Predicting sales promotion contest proneness and participation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reid, Mike; Thompson, Peter; Mavondo, Felix;

    There is growing interest by Consumer Packaged Goods manufacturers in using tnonprice sales promotions, including competitions and sweepstakes and in better understanding consumers’ engagement with and reaction to these forms of sales promotion (Kalra and Shi, 2010). A contest or sweepstake is a...... promotional delivery mechanisms including the internet. Despite growing use of such promotions by manufacturers and retailers there is still limited knowledge of the factors that cause a consumer to be prone to such offers (Prendergast, Poon, Tsang, and Fan, 2008)....

  16. Evaluation of Results from Sales Promotion Activities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olimpia Ban

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available An essential element of the sales promotion strategy and not only is the evaluation of the results obtained from the activities performed. Due to their nature and applicability, the evaluation of the sales promotion is much easier to be achieved, but it raises some problems. Using a hypothetical example, we have tried to develop a "classic" evaluation model of the specialty literature.

  17. Point of sale tobacco advertisements in India

    OpenAIRE

    Chaudhry S; Chaudhry K

    2007-01-01

    Background : The effect of any legislation depends on its implementation. Limited studies indicate that tobacco companies may tend to use such provision for surrogate advertising. The point of sale advertisement provision has been placed in the Indian Tobacco Control legislation. The study was undertaken to assess the Indian scenario in this regard. Objective : To assess if there are any violations related to provision of point of tobacco sale advertisements under India′s comprehensive...

  18. Ethics in the Retail Sale of Goods

    OpenAIRE

    Matějková, Jana

    2014-01-01

    The diploma thesis is divided into seven main chapters. Immediately after the introduction, there is defined the objective and the methodology of work. The analysis of theoretical background follows. Here is dealt with the ethics, its relation to morals and also to luxury. The sales, its basics, techniques of business negotiations and new, quickly developing guerilla marketing are introduced. The attention is dedicated to the retail business and to the importance of the sales person’s persona...

  19. Moderating Effects of Sales Promotion Types

    OpenAIRE

    Fernando de Oliveira Santini; Cláudio Hoffmann Sampaio; Marcelo Gattermann Perin; Lelis Balestrin Espartel; Wagner Junior Ladeira

    2015-01-01

    This paper aims to analyze the influence sales promotion types have on the relationship between perception of financial risk and perception of utilitarian and hedonic value on consumer purchase intentions. To this end, an experiment was conducted involving 589 participants divided into two groups defined by distinct scenarios in which the sales promotion type (monetary vs. non-monetary) was manipulated. The working hypotheses predicted a direct and positive relationship between th...

  20. Evaluating the Rationality of Managers' Sales Forecasts

    OpenAIRE

    de Bruijn, Bert; Franses, Philip Hans

    2011-01-01

    textabstractThis paper deals with the analysis and evaluation of sales forecasts of managers, given that it is unknown how they constructed their forecasts. Our goal is to find out whether these forecasts are rational. To examine deviations from rationality, we argue that one has to approximate how the managers could have generated the forecasts. We describe several ways to construct these approximate expressions. The analysis of a large set of a single manager's forecasts for sales of pharma...

  1. TENTATIVA DE SUICÍDIO EM MULHERES POR QUEIMADURAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamile de Souza Pacheco

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Las quemaduras son lesiones potencialmente graves, pues además de tener altos niveles de morbilidad y mortalidad, pueden acarrear secuelas psicológicas y sociales. El objetivo de este estudio fue identificar los casos de intento de suicidio debido a quemaduras ocurridas en mujeres, en un Centro de Tratamiento de Quemados; describir el perfil social — económico de esas mujeres y evaluar los factores relacionados a la tentativa de suicidio debida a quemaduras en mujeres. El enfoque metodológico de este estudio es de investigación, de tipo cualitativo y prospectivo. Se utilizó como técnica para la recogida de los datos, el cuestionario, así como un plan de entrevista, realizados a cuatro mujeres en el Centro de Tratamiento de Quemados (CTQ del hospital en estudio. El grupo de edad más afectado fue de adolescentes y adultas jóvenes, que no tenían unión estable. Se indicaron como motivos de la tentativa de suicidio la depresión, los conflictos conyugales y el luto. La tentativa de suicidio es un acto que es más cometido por mujeres, porque son consideradas más vulnerables, son más propensas a tomar tal decisión.

  2. Point of sale tobacco advertisements in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaudhry S

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background : The effect of any legislation depends on its implementation. Limited studies indicate that tobacco companies may tend to use such provision for surrogate advertising. The point of sale advertisement provision has been placed in the Indian Tobacco Control legislation. The study was undertaken to assess the Indian scenario in this regard. Objective : To assess if there are any violations related to provision of point of tobacco sale advertisements under India′s comprehensive tobacco Control legislation in different parts of India. Materials and Methods : Boards over various shops showing advertisements of tobacco products were observed in the cities of Delhi, Mumbai, Kolkata, Trivandrum and Jaipur, between September 2005 and March 2006. Results : The point of sale advertisements mushroomed after the implementation of 2004 tobacco Control legislation. Tobacco advertisement boards fully satisfying the point of sale provision were practically non-existent. The most common violation of point of sale advertisements was the larger size of the board but with tobacco advertisement equal to the size indicated in the legislation and remaining area often showing a picture. Invariably two boards were placed together to provide the impression of a large single repetitive advertisement. More than two boards was not common. Tobacco advertisement boards were also observed on closed shops/ warehouses, shops not selling tobacco products and on several adjacent shops. Conclusion : The purpose of the point of sale advertisements seem to be surrogate advertisement of tobacco products, mainly cigarettes.

  3. The Role of Demographics as Predictors of Successful Performance of Sales Professionals in Business-to-Business Sales Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frino, Michael G.; Desiderio, Katie P.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the impact demographic variables of gender and sales experience have on the performance of business-to-business (B2B) sales professionals. If a deeper understanding can be established of how gender and sales experience variables relate to B2B sales performance, human resource development (HRD) and human…

  4. Can we curb retail sales volatility through marketing mix actions?

    OpenAIRE

    YILDIRIM, Gökhan; Esteban-Bravo, Mercedes; Vidal-Sanz, Jose M.

    2011-01-01

    Sales uncertainty is a central problem for marketing management. Marketers tend to focus on expected sales, rather than short-term time-varying oscillations. With long supply-chain streams, the Bullwhip effect can turn retail sales volatility into a major problem for upstream companies. While it has been recognized that conditional expected sales change through time (for a review see Dekimpe and Hanssens, 2000), marketers have not yet started to modeling explicitly time variation of sales' co...

  5. The Effect of Culture on the Sales Process Within a Global Company. Case Company ABB Oy Distribution Automation Sales Unit.

    OpenAIRE

    Kruger, Frantz

    2011-01-01

    My aim in this study was to investigate the possible differences between cultures when looking at them in the context of the sales process within a global company. If these differences did exist I would further attempt to prove that through careful analysis of the sales process, and the elements within the sales process, the associated activity within the sales process could be predicted or anticipated. I compared the activity of the ABB Distribution Automation Sales Unit (Vaasa, Finland) tow...

  6. Scope of illegal tobacco products sales in Kazan city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ananjeva, G.A.

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Pilot assessment of illegal tobacco sales was conducted in Kazan city. The revealed law violations include placement of tobacco sales points within 100 meters around educational institutions, single cigarette sales and cigarette sales to minors. Single cigarettes were more likely to be sold in two of five types of sales outlets – pavilions and kiosks, those placed closer to educational institutions, and where larger part of the storefront was dedicated to cigarette packs. Points of sales with similar characteristics were more likely to sell to minors as well. Placement of notes regarding ban of cigarette sales to minors does not influence the levels of illegal sales. Measures to curb the levels of illegal cigarette sales were recommended. (Full text is in Russian

  7. Sales promotion effect: concepts and terminology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O.V. Yusupova

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Sales promotion is a significant part of firm’s marketing activity, especially in the modern state of Ukrainian economy, when prices are growing fast and consumers are becoming more sensitive to the price changes. But firms are becoming more careful about their expenses too. So now it’s exceptionally important for firms to evaluate properly effect of the sales promotion. Nowadays not only total effect of sales promotions is the subject of scientists’ and firms’ interest but factors that contribute to it. Decomposition of sales promotion effect allows us to understand which factor is responsible for sales enhancing and what to expect in future periods. World economists are already developing the issue of decomposition of sales promotion effect. Started by S. Gupta topic is being discussed for more than 20 years. Despite of that, Ukrainian scientific literature remains silent about decomposition of sales promotion effect. There are no strict terms in scientific Ukrainian language for labeling certain basic concepts that are used in articles of foreign colleges. The aim of the article. The aim of the article is to form such terminology in order to bring broad discussion of decomposition of sales promotion effect into both Ukrainian science and practice. Following terms were considered in the paper: primary demand, secondary demand, purchase incidence, purchase quantity, cross-period effect, category-expansion effect, brand switching, store switching and category switching. The results of the analysis show that strict translation into Ukrainian is not always a good choice because of several reasons. There was discovered that some terms are already used in Ukrainian literature in different meaning. For instance, term «secondary demand» is already used in Ukrainian literature for describing demand for a product that depends on demand for other product. The same problem occurs when translating term «category-expansion effect» in Ukrainian

  8. ¿Por qué a la industria turística le preocupa el terrorismo? Una introducción al problema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maximiliano Korstanje

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available En los últimos decenios el terrorismo se ha convertido en un tema obligado en cuestiones de política internacional para diferentes expertos de todo el mundo. Considerado como una excusa del imperio por unos, o una de las mayores amenazas de occidente por otros, el terrorismo ha pasado a ser parte del entretenimiento cultural que horroriza a miles de televidentes. No obstante, los especialistas parecen coincidir en la idea que el turismo como actividad comercial se encuentra particularmente afectado por los ataques que se presentan, sin descartar tampoco las razones que llevan a los terroristas a perpetrar atentados en complejos turísticos, como es el caso de Egipto, Bali, etc. Los turistas, por su vulnerabilidad y escaso conocimiento del terreno, han sido históricamente potenciales víctimas del terrorismo. Dos posturas académicas han debatido sobre el tema sin llegar, hasta el momento, a una conclusión clara. A la tesis que dice que el turismo es afectado por el terrorismo se contrapone aquella que esboza lo contrario, el turismo es la antesala o la precondición para el terrorismo. Lejos de validar cualquiera de las dos, pero en dialogo con ambas, el presente trabajo intenta presentar un estudio riguroso y holístico sobre la relación existente entre turismo y terrorismo. Dadas las condiciones de prosperidad y escasez, los procesos cíclicos de acumulación conllevan a la idea de expansión y guerra. Dentro de ese contexto, el terrorismo no es causa ni efecto, sino pretexto.

  9. The Enhancing Impact of Friendship Networks on Sales Managers’ Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danny Pimentel Claro

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines how relationships with friends moderate the impact of professional networks on sales performance. Based on a sample of 204 sales managers in a professional service company, this study presents evidence that friendship networks amplify the effect of sales forces’ professional networks on new product sales as well as on prospecting and converting new deals. Our results offer important insights into the socio-cognitive perspective of sales management literature and suggest that firms should encourage managers to improve their friendships in order to access valuable information that will enhance customer knowledge and support their sales efforts.

  10. DISEÑO DE UN PLAN DE MUESTREO SIMPLE POR ATRIBUTOS EN BUSCA DE UN OPTIMO SOCIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JOHN HENRY RIOS GRIEGO

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Los planes de muestreo simple son una de las herramientas empleada en la industria para aceptar o rechazar lotes. Normalmente, los parámetros necesarios -riesgo del productor y riesgo del consumidor, y nivel aceptable de calidad y el nivel límite de calidad- son asignados por cada uno productor o consumidor buscando su beneficio personal. Tomar decisiones en esta forma no tiene en cuenta el daño que un producto no-conforme genera a la sociedad, por ejemplo el daño producido por una maquina defectuosa al operador. En el presente estudio desarrollamos un modelo que combina planes de muestreo simple por atributo con la carta de control del número de productos no-conformes. El modelo maximiza el bienestar social encontrando políticas óptimas de precio, tamaño de muestra y número de aceptación. Esta metodología permite identificar cambios inesperados en el proceso de producción e implementar planes de recuperación de clientes afectados por adquirir productos no-conformes. Finalmente, nuestra metodología también permite implementar planes de mejora continua.

  11. Moral repugnance, moral distress, and organ sales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, James Stacey

    2015-06-01

    Many still oppose legalizing markets in human organs on the grounds that they are morally repugnant. I will argue in this paper that the repugnance felt by some persons towards sales of human organs is insufficient to justify their prohibition. Yet this rejection of the view that markets in human organs should be prohibited because some persons find them to be morally repugnant does not imply that persons' feelings of distress at the possibility of organ sales are irrational. Eduardo Rivera-Lopez argues that such instinctive distress is an appropriate response to the (rationally defensible) perception that certain kinds of arguments that are offered in favor of legalizing organ sales are "in an important sense, illegitimate." Having argued that repugnance should not ground the prohibition of markets in human organs, I will also argue that the moral distress that some feel towards certain arguments that favor such markets is not rationally defensible, either. PMID:25908777

  12. El papel de los tapetes microbianos en la biorrecuperación de zonas litorales sometidas a la contaminación por vertidos de petróleo

    OpenAIRE

    M. Martínez-Alonso; Gaju, N

    2005-01-01

    En la actualidad, los vertidos accidentales de petróleo constituyen uno de los problemas medioambientales mas preocupantes. Hace más de dos décadas que se empezó a actuar sobre los lugares afectados por este tipo de catástrofes. Entre los posibles tratamientos a aplicar para la descontaminación, merecen una especial atención los procesos de degradación biológica basados en la acción de los microorganismos sobre los productos contaminantes. Los tapetes microbianos son unos ecosistemas, ampliam...

  13. Necrosis cutánea severa por picadura de raya en el miembro inferior: presentación de un caso y revisión de la literatura Stingray injury causing severe cutaneous necrosis: case report and literature review

    OpenAIRE

    M.A. Hoyos Franco; C. Posso Zapata; Y.A. Cardenas

    2009-01-01

    El propósito de este trabajo es presentar nuestra experiencia con un caso de picadura por raya en el área maleolar interna del pie derecho de un hombre de 25 años, que sufrió mientras pescaba. Inicialmente presentó dolor urente, seguido de edema severo, con necrosis de la piel suprayacente. Ingresa a nuestra institución 24 horas después y con edema, eritema y secreción purulenta en el sitio afectado. Se inicia tratamiento con antibióticos sistémicos y se realizan tres lavados y desbridamiento...

  14. ¿Por qué es necesario frenar la epidemia de la inactividad en los más pequeños? [Why do we need to stop the physical inactivity epidemic in children?].

    OpenAIRE

    Margarita Pérez

    2016-01-01

    Estudios epidemiológicos americanos alertan de la creciente inactividad mundial y predicen que los niños de hoy son la primera generación que tiene una expectativa de vida menor que sus padres. (Designed to Move, 2014) La inactividad física es el cuarto factor de riesgo de mortalidad en la población actual dentro del mundo desarrollado, origina el 6% de las defunciones a nivel mundial. España es uno de los países del mundo más afectados por la epidemia de la inactividad, lo que aumenta ...

  15. Ensayo piloto de biorremediación de suelos contaminados por hidrocarburos. Fase ll

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gloria Lucía Camargo Millán

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available  El estudio de la biodegradación de los hidrocarburos compuestos,altamente contaminantes y tóxicos, es de interéspara la descontaminación de ambientes afectados por derramesde petróleo. Aunque este proceso se presenta demanera natural, es demasiado lento, razón por la que sehace necesario el uso de técnicas de biorremediación parafacilitar la acción microbiana sobre los contaminantes. Anivel experimental este proceso se realiza por etapas o ensayos,ya sean de laboratorio, pilotos, de campo oimplementación. Previamente a este estudio se trabajó unaetapa a nivel de laboratorio, donde se observó la remociónde hidrocarburo en un suelo contaminado de manera inducida,aislándose bacterias capaces de su degradación, loque mostró que el proceso es factible. El presente estudiocorresponde a la etapa a nivel piloto, cuyo objetivo eracuantificar la tasa de remoción de hidrocarburo en muestrasde suelo contaminadas con crudo de castilla provenientede diez terrarios, a los cuales se les inoculó bacteriastotales y bacterias Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

  16. Sales de calcio mejoran vida de anaquel y aceptabilidad general de papaya (Carica papaya L. var. Maradol fresca cortada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nayely Leyva López

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Las tendencias actuales de los consumidores por alimentos sanos y de conveniencia promueven un mayor consumo de frutas y hortalizas, donde destacan productos frescos cortados. Sin embargo, por su naturaleza estos productos pueden ser muy susceptibles a diferentes alteraciones que afectan su calidad. El uso de aditivos como sales de calcio representa una alternativa tecnológica para mantener, o incluso mejorar, la calidad durante su vida de anaquel. Por lo anterior el objetivo de esta investigación fue evaluar el efecto de sales de calcio en papaya fresca cortada sobre la calidad física, química, microbiológica, nutracéutica y sensorial. Cubos de papaya, variedad Maradol (2 cm de arista fueron tratados con lactato y cloruro de calcio al 1,0 y 3,0 %, bajo condiciones de inmersión por 2 min a 40 °C. Las muestras tratadas fueron colocadas en vasos de polietileno tereftalato (PET de 500 mL tapa, y almacenadas por 8 días a 5 °C. En comparación con los frutos testigo, los tratamientos a base de calcio demostraron mejorar la firmeza (~ 8 N, principalmente los frutos tratados con cloruro de calcio al 3,0 %. Por otra parte, la calidad nutracéutica (fenólicos totales no se vio afectada por el uso de sales de calcio, mientras que las evaluaciones microbiológicas demuestran condiciones de inocuidad conforme a normatividad. Se sugiere el uso de cloruro de calcio para fines de comercializar papaya fresca cortada.

  17. Sales de calcio mejoran vida de anaquel y aceptabilidad general de papaya (Carica papaya L. var. Maradol fresca cortada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nayely Leyva López

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Las tendencias actuales de los consumidores por alimentos sanos y de conveniencia promueven un mayor consumo de frutas y hortalizas, donde destacan productos frescos cortados. Sin embargo, por su naturaleza estos productos pueden ser muy susceptibles a diferentes alteraciones que afectan su calidad. El uso de aditivos como sales de calcio representa una alternativa tecnológica para mantener, o incluso mejorar, la calidad durante su vida de anaquel. Por lo anterior el objetivo de esta investigación fue evaluar el efecto de sales de calcio en papaya fresca cortada sobre la calidad física, química, microbiológica, nutracéutica y sensorial. Cubos de papaya, variedad Maradol (2 cm de arista fueron tratados con lactato y cloruro de calcio al 1,0 y 3,0 %, bajo condiciones de inmersión por 2 min a 40 °C. Las muestras tratadas fueron colocadas en vasos de polietileno tereftalato (PET de 500 mL con tapa, y almacenadas por 8 días a 5 °C. En comparación con los frutos testigo, los tratamientos a base de calcio demostraron mejorar la firmeza (~ 8 N, principalmente los frutos tratados con cloruro de calcio al 3,0 %. Por otra parte, la calidad nutracéutica (fenólicos totales no se vio afectada por el uso de sales de calcio, mientras que las evaluaciones microbiológicas demuestran condiciones de inocuidad conforme a normatividad. Se sugiere el uso de cloruro de calcio para fines de comercializar papaya fresca cortada.

  18. Ace Auto's After-sale Adds Advantages

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yan Manman

    2009-01-01

    @@ In the auto market,consumers often asked a question why the same car in the European and American market is cheaper than that in China.The key to this question lies in the difference of profit chains between European & American market and Chinese market.In the mature European or American market,the portion of profit from auto sales accounting for the total profit is comparatively small,and quite a large share of profit derives from the auto's after-sale service market.

  19. Fuel oil and kerosene sales 1991

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This publication contains the 1991 survey results of the ''Annual Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales Report'' (Form EIA-821). This is the third year that the survey data have appeared in a separate publication. Prior to the 1989 report, the statistics appeared in the Petroleum Marketing Annual (PMA) for reference year 1988 and the Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) for reference years 1984 through 1987, The 1991 edition marks the eighth annual presentation, of the results of the ongoing ''Annual Fuel Oil and Kerosene Sales Report'' survey

  20. Eesti Gas, Estonia. Sales and marketing course

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A weekly sales and marketing course was organized by the Dansk Olie and Naturgas (the National Oil and Gas Company of Denmark) in Denmark for the Eesti Gas representatives. The program encompassed a survey of the Danish natural gas marketing, sales to the gas utilities and to industry, use of the natural gas in cogeneration plants and the gas pricing as an instrument of economic and environmental policy. Examples of negotiations with Danish industrial and municipal consumers were presented. Competitiveness of natural gas compared to other energy sources was discussed, taxation principles considered. (EG)

  1. Does Advertising Spending Improve Sales Performance?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Assaf, A. George; Josiassen, Alexander; Mattila, Anna S.;

    2015-01-01

    Hotel managers and investors commonly analyze the impact of advertising spending on firm performance. This paper investigates such an impact using a comprehensive framework incorporating the moderating effects of hotel size and star ratings. We estimated sales performance via dynamic, stochastic...... frontier modelling. Using longitudinal data from a sample of Slovenian and Croatian hotels, we demonstrate that advertising spending has a positive impact on hotel sales performance, and that the relationship strengthens for larger hotels and hotels with higher star ratings. Theoretical and managerial...

  2. Optimal Sales Schemes for Network Goods

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Parakhonyak, Alexei; Vikander, Nick

    This paper examines the optimal sequencing of sales in the presence of network externalities. A firm sells a good to a group of consumers whose payoff from buying is increasing in total quantity sold. The firm selects the order to serve consumers so as to maximize expected sales. It can serve all...... consumers, allowing success to breed success. Failure can also breed failure, but this is made less likely by consumers’ desire to influence one another’s behavior. We show that when consumers differ in the weight they place on the network externality, the firm would like to serve consumers with lower...

  3. Alcohol Sales Dropped After Maryland Raised Liquor Tax

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 158297.html Alcohol Sales Dropped After Maryland Raised Liquor Tax Study finding suggests the tactic could help ... 6 percent to 9 percent in 2011, and liquor sales subsequently fell 5 percent, the study found. ...

  4. Differences between English and Chinese Sales Promotion Letters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PANG Yu-yan

    2015-01-01

    This paper aims to figure out the differences in English and Chinese sales promotion letters by analyzing ten selected letters from business writing books and websites, which might provide more valuable information for businessmen in their sales promotion letter writing.

  5. Briófitas aquáticas como bioindicadores da poluição de águas superficiais por metais pesados

    OpenAIRE

    Martins, Ramiro; Boaventura, Rui

    2004-01-01

    A bacia do Rio Ave tem sido ao longo dos anos alvo de descargas ilegais dos mais variados tipos de indústrias, tendo atingido níveis de contaminação por metais pesados que põem em perigo todo o ecossistema aquático. O homem, como elemento último dum conjunto de cadeias alimentares, por ingestão de peixe, utilização da água para rega ou consumo de água produzida a partir das águas captadas nesta bacia, será certamente o mais afectado com consequências múltiplas para a sua saúde. A relati...

  6. Conservación in vitro del cultivo de clavel español (Dianthus caryophyllus L. a partir de sales minerales.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liudmila Jiménez-Mariña

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar el efecto de la concentración de sales descritas por Murashige y Skoog (MS en la conservación in vitro a corto plazo de segmentos nodales de clavel español (Dianthus caryophyllus L.. La investigación se desarrolló en el Centro de Estudios de Biotecnología Vegetal (CEBV, en el período 2012-2013. Los tratamientos consistieron en la adición en el medio de cultivo de sales MS (100; 75; 50; 25% y un control (100% + reguladores de crecimiento. La disminución de hasta un 25% de la concentración de las sales del medio de cultivo redujo la velocidad de crecimiento, pudiendo conservarse por un tiempo de seis meses en estas condiciones. Se obtuvo una supervivencia y recuperación del 91,3%.

  7. El impacto psicológico de los ataques terroristas del 11 de septiembre de 2001 en la ciudad de Nueva York: el trastorno por estrés postraumático y la recuperación de una ciudad traumatizada Psychological impact of terrorist attacks on september 11, 2001 in New York City: posttraumatic stress disorder and the recuperation of a traumatized city

    OpenAIRE

    Jaime Cárcamo; Arturo Sánchez-Lacay; Roberto Lewis-Fernández

    2002-01-01

    Los ataques terroristas a las Torres Gemelas el 11 de septiembre de 2001 abrumaron los mecanismos psicológicos que utilizan diariamente los neoyorquinos para enfrentar el estrés. La expectativa de otro ataque terrorista, incluyendo el temor al bioterrorismo, complica el proceso de recuperación de muchos individuos afectados directamente por el desastre. Estas personas experimentan una combinación de problemas psicológicos, incluyendo el Trastorno por Estrés Postraumático (TEPT), la depresión,...

  8. Decomposing the Sales Promotion Bump with Store Data

    OpenAIRE

    Heerde, Harald J. van; Leeflang, Peter S.H.; Wittink, Dick R.

    2004-01-01

    Sales promotions generate substantial short-term sales increases. To determine whether the sales promotion bump is truly beneficial from a managerial perspective, we propose a system of store-level regression models that decomposes the sales promotion bump into three parts: cross-brand effects (secondary demand), cross-period effects (primary demand borrowed from other time periods), and category-expansion effects (remaining primary demand). Across four store-level scanner datasets, we find t...

  9. CONSUMERSíATTITUDES TOWARD SALES PROMOTIONS ANDPERCEIVED BENEFITS

    OpenAIRE

    Mine Oyman

    2004-01-01

    While sales promotion has been around for a long time, its role and importance in marketing communications programs have increased in recent years. A number of factors have led to the increase in sales promotion. Among them are the growing power of retailers, declining brand loyalty, fragmentation of consumer market, short-term focus, competition and advertising clutter. Sales promotions may be targeted at any or all of consumers, distribution channel members and sales force. The target audie...

  10. Marketing Response Models for Shrinking Beer Sales in Germany

    OpenAIRE

    Polasek, Wolfgang

    2012-01-01

    Abstract: Beer sales in Germany are confronted for several years with a shrinking market share in the market of alcoholic beverages. I use the approach of sales response function (SRF) models as in Polasek and Baier (2010) and adapt it to time series observation of beer sales for simultaneous estimation. I propose a new class of growth sales (gSRF) models having endogenous and exogenous variables as in Polasek (2011) together with marketing efforts that follow a sustained growth allocation pr...

  11. Sales compensation governance: the last frontier of corporate reform.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gundy, Peter R; Gaeta, Elizabeth C

    2004-01-01

    The area of sales compensation has remained relatively untouched by recent pressures for compensation reform. This article highlights some of the ways that sales organizations stumble in managing their compensation programs, and why it takes more than a simple tactical fix to address these problems effectively. The authors describe a more structured governance framework that not only identifies and resolves key sales compensation issues, but ultimately safeguards the effectiveness and financial integrity of the sales organization itself. PMID:15015424

  12. Differences in Use of CRM Systems in a Sales Context

    OpenAIRE

    Ollilainen, Tuomas; Rosengren, Annica

    2011-01-01

    Non-selling activities, such as sales planning, teamwork, sales support, sales tracking, etc., are important parts of sales activities in any company. Earlier research has shown that the difference between effective and less-effective organizations can be found in the performance of the non-selling activities. This thesis continues investigating the non-selling activities by looking into the matter of Customer Relationship Management (CRM) systems. Implementation of a CRM system requires that...

  13. Sales Management - Essential Factor for Contemporary Companies Competitiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Nicodim Liliana; Croitoru Gabriel; Radu Florin

    2012-01-01

    The idea of making a study about sales management was inspired by the existing reality of many companies from Romania. In this context, the increasingly deepening crisis, sales activity and its management becomes an essential role in the activity of a competitive firm. The idea that sales represent a vital problem for many companies must be solved by an adequate approach to the growing globalization relations. Amid the market transformation from "seller market" in "buyer's market", the sales ...

  14. Defining the Fiscal Role of Hellenistic Monarchy in Shaping Sale

    OpenAIRE

    Kaye, Noah

    2015-01-01

    The role of royal fiscal authorities in the taxation of sale is examined in Hellenistic Greece and the Near East. By and large, the royal role seems to have been markedly minimal, as the kings ceded to cities sovereignty over sales tax. However, a royal role can be discerned on the borders between the many fiscal zones within the kingdom: taxes were gleaned from the movement of goods destined for sale, on mobility in the service of sale.

  15. On the Importance of Sales for Aggregate Price Flexibility

    OpenAIRE

    Kryvtsov, Oleksiy; Vincent, Nicolas

    2015-01-01

    Macroeconomists have traditionally ignored the behavior of temporary price markdowns ("sales") by retailers. Although sales are common in the micro price data, they are assumed to be unrelated to macroeconomic phenomena and generally filtered out. We challenge this view. First, using the 1996 - 2012 data set of the U.K. CPI monthly price quotes, we document a roughly twofold increase in the frequency of sales during the Great Recession. We also present evidence of countercyclical sales in the...

  16. Sales Forecasting in Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    Haataja, Timo

    2016-01-01

    This thesis examined the use of sales forecasting in the small and medium-sized enterprises (SME), which provide software services and applications to their business customers. Sales forecasting is important, because it directs planning and decision making in the companies. However, SMEs may not have proper tools and resources assigned to sales forecasting. The theoretical framework of the thesis focused on two essential components; sales forecasting processes in SMEs and forecasting tool...

  17. Análisis económico-financiero del sector de transporte de mercancías por carretera

    OpenAIRE

    Lastra Segurola, David

    2016-01-01

    RESUMEN: El objetivo de este trabajo es profundizar en el sector de transporte de mercancías por carretera (CNAE 4941) y ver cómo le ha afectado la crisis económica-financiera que atraviesa España. Para conseguir este objetivo, previamente haremos una descripción de este sector, la cual será la parte teórica de nuestro trabajo. Después de hacer una introducción sobre el sector, empezaremos el proyecto analizando cómo afectó la crisis económica y financiera que atraviesa España a la evoluci...

  18. Quemaduras en niños por volcamiento de cocina Childhood burns caused by stoves tipping over

    OpenAIRE

    Rolando Saavedra O.; Claudia Contreras N.; Liliana Cortés P.; Edith Cornejo A

    2001-01-01

    En el Centro de Rehabilitación de COANIQUEM en Santiago de Chile ingresaron en 1998 3 245 niños, de los cuales 213 niños sufrieron quemaduras originadas por el volcamiento de una cocina (VC). Se evaluó la incidencia de VC, las características de los afectados, la gravedad de las lesiones y se compararon con los 3 032 pacientes restantes (C). Resultados: VC correspondió al 6,6% de los pacientes. Fueron varones 70,9% en VC y 52,2% en C (p NS); tenían menos de 2 años 83,1% en VC y 46% en C (p 0,...

  19. 7 CFR 1955.148 - Auction sales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... marketing efforts, the type property involved, and potential purchasers. Program financing will be offered... conduct an auction or whether the services of a professional auctioneer are necessary due to the complexity of the sale. When the services of a professional auctioneer are advisable, the services will...

  20. 21 CFR 203.20 - Sales restrictions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... drug that was: (a) Purchased by a public or private hospital or other health care entity; or (b... 21 Food and Drugs 4 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sales restrictions. 203.20 Section 203.20 Food and Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) DRUGS:...

  1. 75 FR 55269 - Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-10

    ... CFR Part 310 RIN 3084-AA98 Telemarketing Sales Rule Fees AGENCY: Federal Trade Commission. ACTION... that there will be no increase in the fees charged to entities accessing the National Do Not Call.... SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The Do-Not-Call Registry Fee Extension Act of 2007 (Pub. L. 110-188, 122 Stat....

  2. The Duty to Cooperate in International Sales

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This book is the first ever comprehensive analysis of the scope and role of the exemption clause in Article 80 of the International Sales Convention (CISG). The book accounts for the historical background of Article 80, the relation to other provisions (Articles 77 and 79), the underlying...

  3. 7 CFR 929.48 - Sales history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sales history. 929.48 Section 929.48 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CRANBERRIES GROWN IN STATES...

  4. 7 CFR 929.13 - Sales history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sales history. 929.13 Section 929.13 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE CRANBERRIES GROWN IN STATES...

  5. Rationally inattentive seller: sales and discrete pricing

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Matějka, Filip

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 20, č. 1 (2010), s. 89-146. ISSN 1211-3298 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC542 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70850503 Keywords : rational inattention * nominal rigidity * sales Subject RIV: AH - Economics http://www.cerge-ei.cz/pdf/wp/Wp408.pdf

  6. The Economic Impact of Tourism Sales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Rebecca L.; And Others

    1989-01-01

    A study of the contribution to local income from tourist spending in six tourist industries combines primary data and the U.S.D.A Forest Service's IMPLAN system. Statistics show that businesses are seldom dependent upon tourists. Sales by restaurants, lodging places, amusements, and charter/marine services generate the most local income per…

  7. Information externalities in a model of sales

    OpenAIRE

    John Morgan; Martin Sefton

    2001-01-01

    We anlayze Varian's (1980) Model of Sales, and show that when the number of uninformed consumers increases, prices become less competitive for all consumers. Thus, the influx of uninformed consumers generates a negative externality increasing the prices paid by informed consumers.

  8. Decomposing Firm-level Sales Variation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munch, Jakob Roland; Nguyen, Daniel Xuyen

    We measure the contribution of firm-specific effects to overall sales variation within a destination and find it remarkably low. Our empirical decomposition is structurally motivated by a heterogeneity model of exporting involving destination-specific, firm-specific, and firm-destination-specific...

  9. Beijing Olympic Tickets Go on Sale

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    More than 7 million very affordable tickets are now on sale for the 2008 Olympic Games in Beijing, the Beijing Organizing Committee for the Games of the XXIX Olympiad (BOCOG) announced April 15. About 75 percent of the tickets will be sold domestically a

  10. Fuel oil and kerosene sales, 1990

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sales data is presented for kerosene and fuel oils. This is the second year that the survey data have appeared in a separate publication. Prior to the 1989 report, the statistics appeared in the Petroleum Marketing Annual (PMA) for reference year 1988 and the Petroleum Marketing Monthly (PMM) for reference years 1984 through 1987. 4 figs., 24 tabs

  11. FERTILIZER SALES AND SERVICEMAN. TEACHERS COPY.

    Science.gov (United States)

    WIGGS, J.T.; AND OTHERS

    THE PURPOSE OF THIS DOCUMENT IS TO PROVIDE A STUDY GUIDE FOR STUDENTS PREPARING TO BE FERTILIZER SALES AND SERVICEMEN IN A COOPERATIVE EDUCATION PROGRAM. IT WAS DESIGNED BY SUBJECT MATTER SPECIALISTS ON THE BASIS OF RECOMMENDATIONS BY A STATE ADVISORY COMMITTEE, TESTED IN OPERATIONAL PROGRAMS, AND REFINED BY A VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE TEACHER. UNITS…

  12. 32 CFR 171.5 - Sale procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... comply with the Federal Aviation Agency (FAA) requirements in Chapter 4 of DOD 4160.21-M, paragraphs B 2... a prospective repurchaser before approving resale. Resales will normally be approved for airtanker... for principals only. Sales offerings will caution prospective purchasers not to buy with...

  13. 78 FR 16819 - Export Sales Reporting Requirements

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-19

    ... Federal Register on June 25, 2012 (77 FR 37823), which proposed mandating weekly export sales reporting... Commodity to be reported used in reporting year End of marketing year Wheat--Hard red winter Metric Tons... believe [adding DDG] would facilitate market transparency and allow our industry and our corn...

  14. FEED SALES AND SERVICEMAN. TEACHERS COPY.

    Science.gov (United States)

    WIGGS, J.T.

    THE PURPOSE OF THIS DOCUMENT IS TO PROVIDE A GUIDE TO STUDY FOR VOCATIONAL AGRICULTURE COOPERATIVE EDUCATION STUDENTS PREPARING FOR EMPLOYMENT IN FEED SALES AND SERVICE. THE MATERIAL WAS DESIGNED BY SUBJECT MATTER SPECIALISTS ON THE BASIS OF STATE ADVISORY COMMITTEE RECOMMENDATIONS, TESTED IN OPERATIONAL PROGRAMS, AND REFINED. UNITS IN THE COURSE…

  15. SALE: Safeguards Analytical Laboratory Evaluation computer code

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carroll, D.J.; Bush, W.J.; Dolan, C.A.

    1976-09-01

    The Safeguards Analytical Laboratory Evaluation (SALE) program implements an industry-wide quality control and evaluation system aimed at identifying and reducing analytical chemical measurement errors. Samples of well-characterized materials are distributed to laboratory participants at periodic intervals for determination of uranium or plutonium concentration and isotopic distributions. The results of these determinations are statistically-evaluated, and each participant is informed of the accuracy and precision of his results in a timely manner. The SALE computer code which produces the report is designed to facilitate rapid transmission of this information in order that meaningful quality control will be provided. Various statistical techniques comprise the output of the SALE computer code. Assuming an unbalanced nested design, an analysis of variance is performed in subroutine NEST resulting in a test of significance for time and analyst effects. A trend test is performed in subroutine TREND. Microfilm plots are obtained from subroutine CUMPLT. Within-laboratory standard deviations are calculated in the main program or subroutine VAREST, and between-laboratory standard deviations are calculated in SBLV. Other statistical tests are also performed. Up to 1,500 pieces of data for each nuclear material sampled by 75 (or fewer) laboratories may be analyzed with this code. The input deck necessary to run the program is shown, and input parameters are discussed in detail. Printed output and microfilm plot output are described. Output from a typical SALE run is included as a sample problem.

  16. Possession divestment by sales in later life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ekerdt, David J; Addington, Aislinn

    2015-08-01

    Residential relocation in later life is almost always a downsizing, with many possessions to be divested in a short period of time. This article examines older movers' capacities for selling things, and ways that selling attenuates people's ties to those things, thus accomplishing the human dis-possession of the material convoy. In qualitative interviews in 79 households in the Midwestern United States, older adults reported their experience with possession sales associated with residential relocation. Among this group, three-quarters of the households downsized by selling some belongings. Informal sales seemed the least fraught of all strategies, estate sales had mixed reviews, and garage sales were recalled as laborious. Sellers' efforts were eased by social relations and social networks as helpers and buyers came forward. As selling proceeded, sentiment about possessions waned as their materiality and economic value came to the fore, easing their detachment from the household. Possession selling is challenging because older adults are limited in the knowledge, skills, and efforts that they can apply to the recommodification of their belongings. Selling can nonetheless be encouraged as a divestment strategy as long as the frustrations and drawbacks are transparent, and the goal of ridding is kept in view. PMID:26162722

  17. Evaluating the Rationality of Managers' Sales Forecasts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.P. de Bruijn (Bert); Ph.H.B.F. Franses (Philip Hans)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractThis paper deals with the analysis and evaluation of sales forecasts of managers, given that it is unknown how they constructed their forecasts. Our goal is to find out whether these forecasts are rational. To examine deviations from rationality, we argue that one has to approximate how

  18. Shanghai apparel sales value and sales volume both declined in June (Ⅰ)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    According to the online periodic statistics statement of Shanghai Apparel Association,Shanghai apparel sales volume in 10 major department stores in June was 849,000 pieces,reduced 116,000 pieces from the previous month

  19. 16 CFR 455.5 - Spanish language sales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Spanish language sales. 455.5 Section 455.5... § 455.5 Spanish language sales. If you conduct a sale in Spanish, the window form required by § 455.2... vehicle both an English language window form and a Spanish language translation of that form. Use...

  20. 25 CFR 163.14 - Sale of forest products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Management and Operations § 163.14 Sale of forest products. (a) Consistent with the economic objectives of... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sale of forest products. 163.14 Section 163.14 Indians... recognized tribal government, open market sales of Indian forest products may be authorized. Such...

  1. 36 CFR 5.2 - Alcoholic beverages; sale of intoxicants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... reasonably necessary to insure safe and orderly management of the park area. (5) The permittee shall comply... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Alcoholic beverages; sale of... INTERIOR COMMERCIAL AND PRIVATE OPERATIONS § 5.2 Alcoholic beverages; sale of intoxicants. (a) The sale...

  2. Analysis of the Sales Promotion in Choice Retail Outlet

    OpenAIRE

    HUMPOLCOVÁ, Michaela

    2010-01-01

    My bachelor thesis is aimed at sales promotion in a retail outlet. The main aim of this thesis is evaluate the current state of sales promotion in a selected retail outlet and based on the analysis of the current state of sales promotion in the outlet to try to propose some measures of improve.

  3. Marketing-sales interface configurations in B2B firms

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Biemans, Wim G.; Brencic, Maja Makovec; Malshe, Avinash; Makovec Brenciv, M.

    2010-01-01

    As the body of knowledge on marketing-sales interface expands, there is a greater need to investigate the specific aspects of marketing-sales configurations in B2B firms. Using a qualitative methodology and interview data collected from over 100 sales and marketing professionals from the US, The Net

  4. 19 CFR 127.25 - Advertisement of sale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Advertisement of sale. 127.25 Section 127.25 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER PROTECTION, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY; DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY GENERAL ORDER, UNCLAIMED, AND ABANDONED MERCHANDISE Sale of Unclaimed and Abandoned Merchandise § 127.25 Advertisement of sale. (a)...

  5. 25 CFR 163.16 - Forest product sales without advertisement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Forest product sales without advertisement. 163.16 Section 163.16 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GENERAL FORESTRY REGULATIONS Forest Management and Operations § 163.16 Forest product sales without advertisement. (a) Sales of forest products may be made...

  6. 29 CFR 779.15 - Sale and resale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... bona fide retail sale in the industry.” A resale of goods is not confined to resale of the goods as... of in a transaction of a different kind; thus the sale by a restaurant to an airline of prepared... sale in the industry.” Thus, although section 3(n) of the prior Act also provided the one exception...

  7. 12 CFR 563g.20 - Form for securities sale report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Form for securities sale report. 563g.20 Section 563g.20 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY SECURITIES OFFERINGS § 563g.20 Form for securities sale report. Office of Thrift Supervision, 1700 G Street, NW., Washington, DC 20552 Securities Sale...

  8. 12 CFR 563b.340 - What sales practices are prohibited?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What sales practices are prohibited? 563b.340 Section 563b.340 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY CONVERSIONS FROM MUTUAL TO STOCK FORM Standard Conversions Offers and Sales of Stock § 563b.340 What sales practices are prohibited? (a) In connection...

  9. 27 CFR 6.72 - “Tie-in” sales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false âTie-inâ sales. 6.72 Section 6.72 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS âTIED-HOUSEâ Unlawful Inducements Quota Sales § 6.72 “Tie-in” sales. The...

  10. 17 CFR 250.44 - Sales of securities and assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sales of securities and assets... Various Financial Transactions 2 § 250.44 Sales of securities and assets. (a) Sales of utility securities or assets. No registered holding company shall, directly or indirectly, sell to any person...

  11. Effective management of sales channels - A case study of distributor sales channels in international markets

    OpenAIRE

    Engström-Häivälä, Sara

    2015-01-01

    Objectives The objective of this study is to analyze how multinational companies can effectively manage their distributor sales channels in international markets. The research focus is on socio-psychological aspects of trust, communication, and commitment. The aim of the study was specifically to understand the prevailing situation in the given sales channel dyads in order to decide strategically important actions for the future. Methods In this research a single case study approac...

  12. The Impact Of Local Option Sales Taxes On Retail Sales, Employment, Payrolls, And Establishments: The Case For Kansas

    OpenAIRE

    John D. Wong

    1996-01-01

    This study examines the impact of local option sales tax differentials in the State of Kansas on retail sales, retail employment, retail payrolls, and the number of retail establishments. It was found that (I) the county tax rate is inversely and significantly related to retail sales per capita, retail sales per vendor, and retail employment per vendor; (2) the city tax rate is inversely and significantly related to the number of retail establishment per capita only; (3) there is a significan...

  13. Structuring a Multiproduct Sales Quota-Bonus Plan for a Heterogeneous Sales Force: A Practical Model-Based Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Murali K. Mantrala; Prabhakant Sinha; Andris A. Zoltners

    1994-01-01

    This paper presents an agency theoretic model-based approach that assists sales managers in determining the profit-maximizing structure of a common multiproduct sales quota-bonus plan for a geographically specialized heterogeneous sales force operating in a repetitive buying environment. This approach involves estimating each salesperson's utility function for income and effort and using these models to predict individual sales achievements and the associated aggregate profit for the firm und...

  14. 26 CFR 1.338-4 - Aggregate deemed sale price; various aspects of taxation of the deemed asset sale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... taxation of the deemed asset sale. 1.338-4 Section 1.338-4 Internal Revenue INTERNAL REVENUE SERVICE... Aggregate deemed sale price; various aspects of taxation of the deemed asset sale. (a) Scope. This section... general principles of tax law with respect to an element of ADSP, the redetermined ADSP is allocated...

  15. Internet y televisión por cable en Venezuela: Una mirada estratégica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz Queipo

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El direccionamiento estratégico en la organización del trabajo de las empresas que operan en el sector de las telecomunicaciones en Venezuela ha sufrido modificaciones, debido a que el mismo se encuentra en un ambiente dinámico, que implica una continua mejora tecnológica; y por tanto, sus procesos se ven afectados y reformados en base a las mismas. En este sentido, los segmentos de Internet y televisión por cable, han estado adaptándose al crecimiento progresivo, estableciendo estrategias operativas que determinan su permanencia y competitividad en el mercado. Ello motivó a clasificar las estrategias implementadas en la organización del trabajo de las empresas de dichos sectores. El tipo de investigación fue descriptiva y diseño de campo. Teóricamente el estudio se sustentó en la escuela de posicionamiento bajo la perspectiva de Porter (2000, así como, Thompson y Strickland (2004. Los datos fueron recogidos mediante entrevistas semiestructuradas aplicadas directamente en las empresas, a saber: CANTV, Net Uno, Intercable, Procedatos y Movistar. Se concluyó, según la determinación de grupos estratégicos, que en su mayoría la orientación estratégica de las empresas de Internet y televisión por cable es hacia el posicionamiento por costos, buscando la eficiencia operativa y una mayor rentabilidad en el mercado por medio del ofrecimiento de precios más bajos, como consecuencia de la disminución de los costos de operación.

  16. Amputación corporal por accidente de trabajo en auxiliar de enfermería

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Finol Muñoz

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Los auxiliares de enfermería son un rango profesional expuesto a múltiples riesgos por las actividades inherentes a su trabajo, expuestos constantemente a sustancias desinfectantes que sin el uso apropiado de equipos de protección individual, puede provocar efectos adversos y lesiones en el trabajador. Caso Clínico: Mujer de 51 años de edad, auxiliar de enfermería, con antecedentes de Diabetes Mellitus tipo I y Síndrome de Túnel Carpiano. Presenta derrame accidental de líquido mientras llenaba envase de Biguanid®, cayéndole en todo el cuerpo, por lo que decide cambiarse el uniforme entero, conservando calcetines y zapatos por el resto del turno. Posteriormente presenta lesiones en región dorsal de 4tº dedo de pie izquierdo, las cuales reciben tratamiento médico y seguimiento, con evolución tórpida, se evidencia edema y osteomielitis de la falange por lo que se decide amputar el dedo afectado. Una vez recuperada, fue estudiada con pruebas de provocación, evidenciando la susceptibilidad de la trabajadora a dicho desinfectante. Se propone al Instituto Nacional de Seguridad Social (INSS como accidente de trabajo y una indemnización por lesión permanente no invalidante, ambas peticiones con respuesta favorable para la trabajadora. Actualmente sigue desempeñando sus funciones como auxiliar en el hospital. El cumplimiento y vigilancia de las normas de prevención, basados en los riesgos laborales permitirá evitar este tipo de incidentes en la población laboral, evitando a largo plazo lesiones corporales, discapacidades y bajas laborales que alteran la calidad de vida del trabajador y de su entorno profesional.

  17. Brechas en bordos de arcilla formadas por desbordamiento

    OpenAIRE

    Orozco Rivas, Ricardo; Berezowsky, Moisés

    2000-01-01

    Se describe un método para calcular el mecanismo de formación de una brecha en un bordo o dique de tierra como consecuencia de su falla por desbordamiento. La brecha se va formando conforme el flujo erosiona el bordo; este proceso, sumamente complejo, se incluye en el modelo numérico que aquí se describe mediante una relación empírica entre el esfuerzo cortante actuante y la tasa de erosión en un suelo cohesivo. Con la metodología propuesta se obtiene simultáneamente el hidrograma que sale po...

  18. Drivers of Sales Innovation in Business-To-Business Firms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ritter, Thomas; Geersbro, Jens

    2014-01-01

    management focus and increased resource allocation as well as increasing customer and competitor dynamics as external drivers. Despite the suggested positive impact of the degree of competitive pressure on sales innovation, the empirical results suggest a significant negative impact, i.e. competitive......This paper defines the term sales innovation, offers an operationalization of the concept, and discusses antecedents of sales innovation in terms of important internal and external drivers. An empirical analysis of 409 B2B firms identifies the internal drivers of sales innovation as increased top...... pressure leads to less innovation in sales. Finally the paper suggests managerial implications as well as avenues of further research in this area....

  19. SALES SOLUBLES Y METALES PESADOS EN SUELOS TRATADOS CON BIOSÓLIDOS

    OpenAIRE

    E. Robledo- Santoyo; V. Espinosa Hernández; R. Maldonado Torres; J. E. Rubiños Panta; E. Hernández Acosta; Ojeda Trejo, E.; L. Corlay Chee

    2010-01-01

    Las plantas de tratamientos de aguas residuales (PTAR) generan diariamente toneladas de lodos (biosólidos), los cuales pueden tener un uso agrícola como fuente de nutrientes y material mejorador del suelo, aunque también pueden ser fuente de contaminación por metales pesados y sales solubles. En este estudio se evaluó, en un suelo representativo de la zona de influencia de la PTAR de la ciudad de Aguascalientes, México, la aplicación de biosólidos y el efecto de su contenido de metales pesado...

  20. AREVA first half 2007 sales revenue

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The AREVA group's backlog as of June 30, 2007 was euros 33.5 billion, up 31% compared with that of December 31, 2006. On average, the Group's backlog increased by more than 20% annually over the last three years. It is now at the highest level since AREVA was established in 2001. All divisions contributed to this performance: - The Front End division signed in particular a major enrichment contract with KHNP (South Korea), a fuel supply contract with EDF covering the 2008-2012 period and other significant contracts with Japanese and Swedish utilities. - The Reactors and Services division added the Flamanville 3 EPR, ordered by EDF, to the backlog. Flamanville 3 is AREVA's 100. reactor order. - The Back End division also concluded a major contract with Sogin to treat used fuel stored at Italian nuclear sites. - The Transmission and Distribution division continued to record strong growth. New orders were up 24% compared with the first half of 2006 (+25.1% like-for-like). Important contracts were signed in the Middle East, Russia and with large industrial users of electricity. First half 2007 sales revenue was up 6.7% (+6.4% like-for-like) to euros 5373 million, compared with euros 5036 million for the first half of 2006. Major developments in the first half of 2007 include: - Sales revenue was down 2.8% to euros 1342 million in the Front End division (-3.6% like-for- like) due to uneven distribution of deliveries in the Fuel business unfavorable during the period. This timing issue has no impact on projected annual growth. The division continues to benefit from a gradual price increase for long-term uranium supply contracts. - Sales revenue was up 4.8% to euros 1154 million in the Reactors and Services division (+3% like-for-like). The Services business unit, especially, was a major contributor to growth on all its markets after a 2006 fiscal year marked by a weak demand. The start of construction of a second EPR reactor for EDF, Flamanville 3, also contributed to

  1. EKSPLOITASI PADA PEREMPUAN SALES PROMOTION GIRLS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nur Afta Lestari

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Terjadi perubahan posisi perempuan yang semula hanya berada di sektor domestik, kini beralih ke sektor publik. Kondisi di perkotaan yang relatif lebih heterogen membuka peluang perempuan untuk bekerja di berbagai bidang, salah satunya adalah sales promotion girls (SPG. Dalam penelitian ini, penulis mengeksplorasi bagaimana profil SPG dan eksploitasi yang dialaminya. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan teknik observasi, wawancara, dan dokumentasi dalam pengambilan datanya. Penampilan cantik dan menarik menjadi modal utama dalam pekerjaan ini. Sales Promotion Girls pada industri rokok dan minuman  berumur sekitar 21-30 tahun dengan jam kerja sekitar 5-7 jam perhari. Alasan bekerja di bidang ini adalah bahwa bidang ini merupakan pekerjaan ringan dan tidak memerlukan pendidikan yang tinggi, walaupun di sisi lain mereka hanya mendapatkan upah yang rendah. Perempuan dalam pekerjaan ini seringkali mengalami eksploitasi fisik berupa pelecehan seksual dan eksploitasi ekonomi berupa waktu kerja yang sampai malam hari dan tidak terpenuhinya hak-hak pekerja perempuan seperti faktor keselamatan dan hak untuk cuti. Dengan kondisi seperti ini, maka perlindungan terhadap perempuan bekerja pada umumnya dan sales promotion girls pada khususnya menjadi hal yang sangat penting untuk diperhatikan.A change in economic condition in Indonesia brings about a change of woman position, from formerly domestic sector to recently public sector. Urban areas that is relatively more heterogeneous than rural ones open opportunities for women to work in various fields, one of which is sales promotion girls (SPG. In this study, the author seeks to explore the SPG profile and the exploitation they experienced. The method used in this study are qualitative approach, with observation, interviews, and documentation. The research uncovered the following facts. Beautiful and attractive appearance becomes a priority in this work. Sales promotion girls on cigarettes

  2. RANCANG BANGUN SALES FORCE AUTOMATION BERBASIS ANDROID DI PT. X

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glenda Sogo Fanrensen

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The existing system of PT. X used to insert sales data manually. While in field, Sales Force noted of the order from dealer/customer manually, then later insert it into company’s database. The repetitive data copying causes bigger risk of mistyping and unreliability, because Sales Force travels for weeks. Other problem is that too many paper wasted on Sales Order and Invoice. Furthermore, PT. X needs comprehensive document support for Sales Force to fulfill customer’s need of information. In this research, Sales Force Automation (SFA software that works online is chosen to meet the expectations. For document supply, due to the amount of documents needed, business taxonomy is made. Because the software is demanded to be easily accessed from wherever and whenever, Android is chosen as the hardware. The results obtained are various features for sales data management, such as view, add, edit, delete, and verification. The admin program supports the Sales Force work appraisal, notification, calculating Sales Force’s earnings per target ratio, Sales Force’s commission, et cetera. The SFA program supports the making of Sales Order, which is to be verified through SMS Gateway before inserted into company’s database, scheduling, et cetera.

  3. Síntesis por sales fundidas y sus aplicaciones en la ciencia de los materiales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe de Jesús Proa Silva

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The molten salt synthesis currently represents a major opportunity for development of research focused on materials science, part of the importance it has acquired over the years was due to its flexibility and ease of processing. Compared with the conventional solid state reaction method, molten salt synthesis allows better diffusion of reactive species, which translate in the use of lower times and reaction temperatures; in addition, allows greater control over the size and particle shape.

  4. Obtención de sales biliares de magnesio mediante secado por aspersión

    OpenAIRE

    Jorge E Rodríguez Chanfrau; Orestes D López Hernández; Moraima Palmeiro Casanova; Antonio Nogueira Mendoza; Marilyn López Armas

    2014-01-01

    Introducción: la industria farmacéutica cubana, desde la década del 60 del siglo XX, tiene entre sus líneas básicas de producción la obtención de ácidos biliares y sus derivados salinos a partir de la bilis bovina. Este proceso consiste en la saponificación de la bilis y la posterior precipitación del ácido cólico, el cual es transformado en la sal de magnesio mediante un proceso de reacción con hidróxido de magnesio. La materia prima activa obtenida es utilizada como ingrediente farmacéutico...

  5. Comparing antimicrobial exposure based on sales data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bondt, Nico; Jensen, Vibeke Frøkjær; Puister-Jansen, Linda F.;

    2013-01-01

    This paper explores the possibilities of making meaningful comparisons of the veterinary use of antimicrobial agents among countries, based on national total sales data. Veterinary antimicrobial sales data on country level and animal census data in both Denmark and the Netherlands were combined...... with information about estimated average dosages, to make model calculations of the average number of treatment days per average animal per year, at first based on the assumption that the treatment incidence is the same in all species and production types. Secondly, the exposure in respectively animals for meat...... incidences calculated from detailed use data per animal species from the national surveillance programmes in these two countries, to assess their accuracy and relevancy.In Denmark and in the Netherlands, although the computed antimicrobial exposure would seem to be a reasonable estimation of the exposure...

  6. A Catholic perspective on organ sales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Capaldi, N

    2000-08-01

    In this article, I address the issue of the sale of human organs and the moral implications of a market in human organs under the aegis of Christian Bioethics. I argue that moral issues of this kind cannot be adequately be addressed from the point of view of moral frameworks, which point exclusively to procedural norms. Rather, a moral perspective must embody some substantive norms derived from a particular content-full moral or theological perspective. This substantive norms to which I appeal in this article are those of Roman Catholicism. The most important sources cited include the works of Pius XIi (1956) and the works of John Paul II (1985 and 1991). The conclusion reached is that not only is it morally permissible for Catholics to participate in a market in organ sales but it may also be prudent public policy. PMID:12171074

  7. Incomplete and imperfect information for sales compensation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raluca Valeanu

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Sales force compensation represents the fix and / or variable payment by the company. To compensate agents based on the results, the company set a goal which is brought to their attention through the compensation plan. Applying the model of moral hazard, where the agent behavior cannot be verified, it cannot be specified in the contract what is the expected behavior of the agent. In order to make an offer to contract principal should know the effort that the agent will submit it to define the payment and the contract is determined optimally in trade between the two conflicting objectives of the two participants in the contract. Although agent behavior cannot be verified, the result of this behavior should be measurable at the end of the contract so that the employer may make the contract contingent on effort commission agent for sale of which is measured by the amount of earnings to the company.

  8. BP petchems unaffected by refinery sales

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Young, I.

    1996-01-17

    BP chemicals says its petrochemical activities at Lima, Ohio and Lavera, France are unlikely to be affected by the BP group`s decision to sell or close its refineries at those sites. BP purchases propylene for acrylonitrile production from its Lima and Toledo, OH refineries. {open_quotes}Until we know who the buyer [of the Lima refinery] is and the terms of the sale, it is difficult to estimate the impact,{close_quotes} BP says. The company intends to continue operating the Lima acrylo unit. BP says its chemical activities in France - including the Lavera-based Naphtachimie olefins joint venture with Elf Atochem - are excluded from any intentions for the Lavera refinery and that there is no direct impact on them. {open_quotes}Any decision on the [refinery] sale will be geared toward protecting the value of these chemical interests as well as the synergy benefits from the refinery and petrochemical complex,{close_quotes} BP says.

  9. Gravimetric determination of uranium in SALE samples

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As a participant in the Safeguards Analytical Laboratory Evaluation (SALE) program, the Analytical Chemistry Laboratory at General Atomic routinely assays uranium dioxide and uranyl nitrate SALE samples for uranium content. Gravimetric methods are relatively easy and inexpensive to apply when the samples for uranium content. Gravimetric methods are relatively easy and inexpensive to apply when the samples are free from substantial amounts of metallic impurities. Clearly the gravimetric procedure alone is not specific for uranium and must be enhanced by the use of impurity corrections. Emission spectrography is used routinely as the technique of choice for making such corrections. In cases where it is essential to assay specifically for uranium, the modified Davies-Gray titration using a weighed titrant method is applied. In this paper some essential features of these gravimetric and titrimetric procedures are discussed

  10. Power sales contract/energy supply agreements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The factors involved in negotiating power purchase/sales arrangements in Ontario's newly deregulated electricity market are described, and the ways in which they will evolve in the future are predicted. Indications are that the trends that will govern the changes in the electric power industry will be the same as those that existed in the natural gas industry. For this reason, a comparative evaluation of purchase and sale agreements in the two industries was provided. Traditional power purchase arrangements, including requests for proposals, the seller's response, the memorandum of understanding, and the principal terms of a traditional bilateral power purchase agreement were examined. The author predicted that over time, and probably fairly fast in power pool jurisdictions, the traditional power purchase agreement will give way to the concept of energy as a pure commodity and to a standard form of agreement. 1 appendix

  11. Russia ties HEU sale to suspension agreement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Unless the US government allows the Russians access to the US uranium fuel market, the successful completion of a high-enriched uranium (HEU) sales agreement between the two governments may be in jeopardy. It had been rumored that the Russians, who have been unhappy about the stiff tariffs imposed on former Soviet uranium in the US market, might use the ongoing HEU negotiations with the White House to ease the antidumping tariffs imposed by the Department of Commerce's International Trade Commission

  12. Rural Retail Sales and Consumer Expenditure Functions

    OpenAIRE

    Henderson, David A.

    1990-01-01

    An elasticity of retail sales with respect to farm, manufacturing, and transfer income is estimated for three community sizes and seven types of retail businesses. The results indicate the aggregate marginal propensity to consume retail goods locally decreases in the smallest communities and increases in the largest communities when rural income increases. The estimated elasticity ranged from minus 4.9 to positive 5.6 across the seven business types and three sources of income.

  13. Spending responses to state sales tax holidays

    OpenAIRE

    Agarwal, Sumit; McGranahan, Leslie

    2012-01-01

    Every year over 20 states offer sales tax holidays (STHs) on specific items like clothes, shoes and other items to encourage consumption, effecting over 100 million consumers. We use a unique dataset of credit cards transaction to study the spending response to these holidays. Using a diff-in-diff methodology, we find that STHs increase overall daily spending by 8%, with large percentage increases in spending on children's clothes and shoes of 193% and 98% respectively. Consumers with childre...

  14. ALIVE OPTIMIZATION ON USED VEHICLE BIKE SALES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. MATHEVAN PILLAI

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Using the basic properties involving the sojourn time and the transition rate between two states and the first passage time for a Continuous Time Markov Chain (CMTC the applicability for optimizing the second sales used two wheelers in a showroom. Only the basic properties of the CTMC and the properties of rate matrix we are able to obtain a solution for maximum profit.

  15. Evaluation sales services by Mystery shopping method

    OpenAIRE

    Hübnerová, Dana

    2011-01-01

    The theoretical basis for the creating of own conception of the thesis is the analysis of a literature sources, which describes the important concepts related to the topic of mystery shopping, quality of service providing and marketing services. Main part of the thesis is related to the topic of the quality evaluation and Mystery Shopping - its application, principles and methodology. Part of the thesis which was created originaly by the author is aimed on the level comparison of sales s...

  16. Asset sale, debt restructuring, and liquidation

    OpenAIRE

    Michi NISHIHARA; Shibata, Takashi

    2015-01-01

    This paper considers a dynamic model in which shareholders of a firm in distress have a choice of whether to proceed to debt restructuring or direct liquidation at an arbitrary time. In the model, we show the following results. Fewer asset sales, lower financing, debt renegotiation, and running costs, a lower premium to the debt holders, a lower cash flow volatility, and a higher initial coupon increase the shareholders f incentive to choose debt restructuring to avoid full liquidation. In th...

  17. Securitization, loan sales, and the credit slowdown

    OpenAIRE

    Richard Cantor; Rebecca Demsetz

    1993-01-01

    Household and business lending has slowed sharply in recent years, but the anemic growth in loans booked at depository institutions, mortgage companies, and finance companies may overstate the decline in credit originated by these institutions. This article reports measures of credit growth that include "off-balance-sheet lending"—loans that were originated by intermediaries but are absent from their balance sheets because of direct loan sales or the issuance of asset-backed securities. The a...

  18. Crisis And Opportunities Of The Sales Networks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    There have been disputes on the financial crisis upon the auto market in 2009.An expert held that the growth rate could stay at 5 percent. We do not have to argue whether the judgment is correct.There has been phi- losophy between crisis and opportunities. And if we adopt the logic in analyzing the sales networks,some detailed coun- termeasures can be worked out.

  19. Deleveraging, short sale constraints and market crash

    OpenAIRE

    Wu, Liang; Zhang, Lei; Fu, Zhiming

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we develop a theory of market crashes resulting from a deleveraging shock. We consider two representative investors in a market holding different opinions about the public available information. The deleveraging shock forces the high confidence investors to liquidate their risky assets to pay back their margin loans. When short sales are constrained, the deleveraging shock creates a liquidity vacuum in which no trades can occur between the two representative investors until the...

  20. Motor vehicle stocks, scrappage, and sales

    OpenAIRE

    Alan Greenspan; Darrel Cohen

    1996-01-01

    This paper offers a new framework for analyzing aggregate sales of new motor vehicles that incorporates separate models for the change in the vehicle stock and for the rate of vehicle scrappage. Because this approach requires only a minimal set of assumptions about demographic trends, the state of the economy, consumer "preferences," new vehicle prices and repair costs, and vehicle retirements, it is shown to be especially useful as a macroeconomic forecasting tool. In addition, a new histori...

  1. Osteomielitis por salmonella

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alicia Velázquez Pérez

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta el caso de una paciente femenina de color blanco y dos años de edad, con diagnóstico prenatal de sicklemia, que desde edades tempranas tiene problemas de la enfermedad. Ingresó en esta ocasión por una de las complicaciones infecciosas que ocasiona este padecimiento, una osteomielitis del húmero izquierdo, aislándose el germen en el hemocultivo realizado, una salmonella. Necesitó de tratamiento enérgico y prolongado; se obtuvo un resultado satisfactorio en la evolución de la enfermedad y se sigue sistemáticamente por consulta externa en la actualidad

  2. SALE, Quality Control of Analytical Chemical Measurements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1 - Description of problem or function: The Safeguards Analytical Laboratory Evaluation (SALE) program is a statistical analysis program written to analyze the data received from laboratories participating in the SALE quality control and evaluation program. The system is aimed at identifying and reducing analytical chemical measurement errors. Samples of well-characterized materials are distributed to laboratory participants at periodic intervals for determination of uranium or plutonium concentration and isotopic distributions. The results of these determinations are statistically evaluated and participants are informed of the accuracy and precision of their results. 2 - Method of solution: Various statistical techniques produce the SALE output. Assuming an unbalanced nested design, an analysis of variance is performed, resulting in a test of significance for time and analyst effects. A trend test is performed. Both within- laboratory and between-laboratory standard deviations are calculated. 3 - Restrictions on the complexity of the problem: Up to 1500 pieces of data for each nuclear material sampled by a maximum of 75 laboratories may be analyzed

  3. Moderating Effects of Sales Promotion Types

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando de Oliveira Santini

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to analyze the influence sales promotion types have on the relationship between perception of financial risk and perception of utilitarian and hedonic value on consumer purchase intentions. To this end, an experiment was conducted involving 589 participants divided into two groups defined by distinct scenarios in which the sales promotion type (monetary vs. non-monetary was manipulated. The working hypotheses predicted a direct and positive relationship between the perception of (hedonic and utilitarian consumption value and purchase intention for a promoted product and a negative relationship between the perception of consumption value and the perception of financial risk. In addition, it was supposed that the sales promotion type would moderate these direct relationships and that a monetary promotion would have a stronger effect on the relationship between purchase intention and perceived product utility, whereas a non-monetary promotion would have a stronger effect on the other relationships (hedonic value and financial risk perceptions. Analysis of the outcomes supported the proposed hypotheses.

  4. The double jeopardy of sales promotions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, J P

    1990-01-01

    The maturing of most consumer markets in the United States has put great pressure on manufacturers in their search for growth. They have concentrated on building sales and expanding share proportions in the stagnant markets with devices like niche products, product extensions, mergers, and international ventures. They have shifted emphasis to sales promotions at the expense of advertising. But promotions, when you come right down to it, mean price reductions. Trade promotions are almost always rebates, and consumer promotions are usually temporary price reductions or coupons. The cost in reduced profit, demonstrated mathematically through calculations of price elasticity, is severe. Besides, when the promotion is over, the manufacturer has not moved forward an inch in shoring up the brand franchise. Promotions bring volatile demand, whereas the producer seeks stable demand. By sustaining a brand image and building customer loyalty, on the other hand, theme advertising can stabilize demand. Moreover, this type of advertising is less likely than promotion is to invite destructive competitive retaliation. Calculation of the advertising elasticity of a brand indicates that sometimes even modest sales increases can produce healthy profit improvement. In a well-planned marketing campaign, there is often good reason to include trade or consumer promotion--to counter a leading competitor's moves, for example. But there is no point in carrying out wild swings at rivals in a struggle for market share. Mathematical techniques can aid the efficiency of marketing planning and put on a more rational basis the decision on where to put the dollars. PMID:10113338

  5. AREVA - first half 2005 sales figures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    First half 2005 sales for the AREVA group were up 1.1% to 5,396 million euros and 2.6% like-for-like, compared with 5,339 million euros for the same period in 2004.The change in foreign exchange rates had a negative impact of nearly (34) million euros between these two periods, which was much less than between the first half of 2003 and the same period in 2004. Sales are up 1.1% compared with the first half of 2004 (up 2.6% like-for-like); the euros (17.3) M impact of IFRS adoption is limited to the Front End division; Energy is up: Nuclear Power: up 4.4% (up 5.5% like-for-like), driven by the Front End and Reactors and Services divisions; T and D: down 3.9% (-2.1% like-for-like) due to the one time peak observed in early 2004; Connectors sales are stable (+0.3% like-for-like): Automotive performed well, while the communication market continued to be a difficult one

  6. Legal issues in power sale contract negotiations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act of 1978 (PURPA) is the foundation of the cogeneration industry. However, few cogeneration projects could be financed on the basis of PURPA alone. PURPA guarantees project owners the right to sell power at the purchasing utility's Avoided Cost, whatever that may be from time to time. However, the development and financing of a cogeneration project requires a secure and dependable income stream, not a mere guarantee of the right to receive the spot price for power. Accordingly, developers have found that a formal power sale contract with the purchasing utility is a prerequisite to successful project development. This paper summarizes some current issues in power sale contract negotiation, with a particular emphasis on contract terms which shift risks from the utility and its ratepayers to the developer. Many of these trends originally appeared before the advent of competitive bidding systems, but most will continue to affect power sale contracts under competitive bidding, and under IPP project development as well

  7. tirados por tractores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ciro E. Iglesias Coronel

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available En el presente trabajo se brinda la metodología de realización y evaluación de los principales indicadores energéticos de los agregados de transporte agrícola, formados por tractores y remolques con el uso de la tensometría como herramienta para la toma de los datos experimentales de campo.

  8. Intoxicación por metales Metal poisoning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Ferrer

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Los metales están entre los tóxicos más antiguos conocidos por el hombre. En el industrializado mundo actual las fuentes de exposición a metales son ubicuas tanto en el campo laboral como a partir de agua, los alimentos o el ambiente contaminados. Su toxicidad está caracterizada por el elemento metálico en cuestión pero se ve modificada por el tipo de compuesto, orgánico o inorgánico y sus características de hidro o liposolubilidad, que determina su toxicocinética y por tanto sus posibilidad de alcanzar sus dianas. Las biomoléculas más afectadas por los metales son las proteínas con actividad enzimática por lo que su patología es multisistema. Los principales sistemas afectados son el gastrointestinal, neurológico central y periférico, hemático y renal. Algunos de los compuestos metálicos son carcinógenos. Los metales se benefician de un tratamiento condicionado por su reactividad química. Pueden ser inactivados y eliminados mediante la administración de substancias quelantes que producen con ellos moléculas complejas, atóxicas y excretables. Los principales agentes quelantes son: BAL (British Anti-Lewisite o dimercaprol, DMPS (ácido 2,3-dimercapto-1-propanosulfonico y DMSA (ácido meso-2,3-dimercatosuccínico o Succimer, EDTA, Penicilamina (ß,ß-dimetilcisteína y Desferoxamina. Se exponen a continuación las características toxicocinéticas, mecanismo de acción, clínica y tratamiento de alguno de los metales y metaloides más relevantes: plomo, mercurio y arsénico.Metals are amongst the oldest toxic substances known to man. In today’s industrialized world the sources of exposure to metals are ubiquitous both in the field of work and from polluted water, foodstuffs and the environment. Their toxicity is characterized by the metallic element in question, but this is modified by the type of compound, whether organic or inorganic, and its characteristics of hydrosolubility and liposolubility, which determines its

  9. INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES IN INSURANCE SALES SUPPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stofor Ovidiu-Ilie

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Insurance system in Romania is carried out with a constant natural activity, evolving quite honorably these times. This is largely due to the difficulty with which insurance is sold in normal economic conditions when it comes to prosperity. Although psychologists, led by Maslow believes that the protection needs are basic needs, along with the physiological one, on the priority list regarding procurement, insurance needs are for some Romanians, of minimum or no importance, so that they are either pushed to the bottom of the list, or even, as it most often happens, they are non existent. Current economic conditions and climate, urges caution on most fields, especially in terms of individual properties, including, how somewhat forced, life and physical integrity which are still considered property, if this aspect is not debated in terms of Christian or other religious dogma. In other words, many Romanians see insurance as a product that “is not up their alley” including it in the luxury category. Furthermore, the media shows, sometimes amplify certain cases of doubt in relations between insurance company - customer. Appropriate marketing, allied with the information technology can improve the complete relationship between the two entities - the offeror and the consumer. Through this study we aim to identify important issues that facilitate the sale of insurance, using information technology, given that the sales of these financial products through the "ancestral" methods are effective but not very efficient. We will follow, byanchoring to the current reality, the insurance utility and how to use information technologies in support of marketing (sales. The study itself was done by observing the results in practical work, from an insurance agency, but also related to what the literature offers. Because this study is currently underway, there are certainly some limitations of accuracy of results, which are adjusted "on the fly". Realizing

  10. Miotoxicidade por organofosforados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cavaliere Maria J.

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available Os organofosforados são um grupo de compostos químicos amplamente utilizados em agropecuária como inseticidas, ocasionando intoxicações acidentais em animais e humanos, e mesmo sendo utilizados em tentativas de suicídio. A toxicidade desses produtos decorre sobretudo de insuficiência cárdio-respiratória por compromentimento do sistema nervoso autônomo. Sabe-se que alguns destes compostos induzem em animais de experimentação e em humanos, uma miopatia caracterizada por degeneração de células musculares, comprometendo sobretudo a musculatura respiratória. Baseado no fato de que este comprometimento contribui para a piora da função respiratória, propõe-se um protocolo de avaliação rotineira de miotoxicidade por compostos organofosforados, através de uma bateria mínima e suficiente de colorações e reações histoquímicas para quantificação da necrose muscular. Utilizaram-se como modelo experimental, grupos de ratos albinos (Wistar intoxicados com o organofosforado paraoxon, com e sem antídotos (atropina ou pralidoxima. Verificou-se nos grupos tratados com paraoxon e paraoxon mais atropina, necrose de fibras musculares no diafragma, que atingia em determinadas áreas até 15% das fibras. No grupo tratado com paraoxon mais pralidoxima, a necrose foi mínima, evidenciando o papel mioprotetor deste último antídoto.

  11. A Sales Execution Strategy Guide for Technology Startups

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian Gilbert

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The majority of startups fail to consider sales execution as part of their overall strategy. This article demonstrates how a sales execution strategy can help a company take a product or service to market more efficiently and effectively by focusing on the customers that are key to generating revenue. Combined with techniques for recruiting effectively and measuring sales outcomes, a sales execution strategy helps technology startups exceed growth aspirations and potentially reduce or even eliminate the requirement for external investment. In this article, we first describe the focus of assistance currently given to startups and the reasons why sales execution strategies are often overlooked. Next, we outline recommendations for developing, implementing, and supporting a sales execution strategy. Finally, we summarize the key points presented in the article.

  12. Western Gulf of Mexico lease sale draws weak response

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper reports that puny participation in the federal lease sale for the western Gulf of Mexico reflected a lack of open acreage on attractive prospects and the crisis sweeping the U.S. offshore oil and gas industry. Thirty-eight companies participating in the Minerals Management Service's Outer Continental Shelf Sale 141 offered 81 bids for 61 tracts in the western gulf planning area. That was the fewest bids offered in a western gulf sale since operators offered 52 bids for 41 tracts at Sale 105 in August 1986. The only Gulf of Mexico minerals sale to attract less bonus money was the MMS sulfur and salt sale in the central gulf in February 1988 in which $20.8 million was exposed

  13. Significance and Differences of Marketing and Sales Controlling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karel Havlicek

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Small and medium-sized companies usually perceive controlling in connection with financial management. However, it is a serious mistake which may have very unpleasant consequences for businesses. Such consequences are usually connected with a failure to achieve operational and strategic aims in the area of sales, production, innovation or marketing. For companies, a failure of marketing and sales controlling means that achieving the aims in the area of customer relations management is threatened, which subsequently results in the company´s sales not being fulfilled. This may result in a failure of the corporate strategy in the medium-term, which tends to be followed by a failure of sales and a threat to liquidity. Absence of marketing and sales controlling is usually the most frequent cause of a crisis. Therefore, the aim of the article is to describe the main areas of marketing and sales controlling and its relation to risk management.

  14. Nucleotomia por laser

    OpenAIRE

    Cabral, oão José Lobato Guimarães Ferreira

    2009-01-01

    A hérnia de disco intervertebral com compressão nervosa que não cede ao tratamento médico, tradicionalmente, é indicação para tratamento cirúrgico. No entanto, técnicas minimamente invasivas e os procedimentos percutâneos têm sido usados e desenvolvidos nas últimas duas décadas, tanto como procedimentos alternativos, bem como possibilidades terapêuticas que antecedem o tratamento cirúrgico convencional, podendo adiar o mesmo por tempo indeterminado. De entre estas opções técnicas, surge a Nuc...

  15. Por mil devaluados pesos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annie Rodríguez Collázos

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available El estudio de lo popular y lo urbano hasta ahora se ha centrado en el comportamiento y en algunas relaciones de los habitantes con su entorno. “Por mil devaluados pesos. Publicidad popular y urbana”, pretende explorar las formas de publicidad, dispersas en diferentes espacios populares y urbanos en Bogotá, identificando esquemas y formas características de sus propios códigos comunicativos; se centran en un objeto de estudio consistente en las estrategias publicitarias y los códigos comunicativos en los mensajes publicitarios populares en las subculturas de San Victorino, 7 de Agosto y Sanandresito de San José.

  16. Factor de corrección por contenido de humedad para la resistencia a tensión paralela a la fibra de la guadua Angustifolia Kunth / Correction factor by moisture content for the tensile strength parallel to the fiber of bamboo guadua Angustifolia Kunth

    OpenAIRE

    Gutiérrez González, Mateo

    2011-01-01

    El bambú guadua se ve afectado por diferentes factores que pueden modificar su resistencia. Uno de estos factores es el contenido de humedad de equilibrio, CHE, el cual es una propiedad física que está relacionada con la temperatura y la humedad relativa de la zona donde sea utilizado el material. Para estudiar la variación de la resistencia a tracción del bambú Guadua Angustifolia Kunth en función del contenido de humedad se tomaron muestras de 3 regiones diferentes de la República de Colomb...

  17. Adapting manufacturing strategy to industrial after-sales service operations

    OpenAIRE

    Johansson, Pontus

    2006-01-01

    This dissertation is initiated from an increased awareness within industry of the importance of services in general and of after-sales services in particular. The scope of this research is to analyse how the specific characteristics of after-sales services affect a company’s manufacturing strategy, which in effect should become an operations strategy not only considering the manufacturing of goods. Considering the after-sales service as a product, consisting of both good and service character...

  18. An empirical analysis of after sales service and customer satisfaction

    OpenAIRE

    HUSSAIN, NAZIM; Waheed Akbar BHATTI; Azhar JILANI

    2011-01-01

    In today’s ever changing competitive environment, business cannot survive unless they satisfy their customers. The delivery of after sales service by a company is critical in satisfying customer needs and perceptions. In order to have quality after sales service a proper delivery system has to be in place. This is an empirical study on after sales quality of Pakistan’s automotive battery manufacturer. The research measured the quality of service in Atlas Battery, selling product with the bran...

  19. STRATEGY FOR THE DESTINATIONAL E-MARKETING & SALES

    OpenAIRE

    Zlatko Sehanovic; Giorgio Cadum; Igor Sehanovic

    2010-01-01

    Every tourist destination should make and implement a destination’s marketing and sales strategy. A very important part of destination’s sales and marketing strategy is the e-marketing and sales strategy. The cooperation of specialized regional development agencies, regional tourist board, local (city and county) tourist boards, hoteliers, tourist agencies, conservators, entertainment and cultural program developers, private accommodation owners and others involved in creation of destination’...

  20. Retail sales in the downturn: understanding patterns and trends

    OpenAIRE

    Mavis Anagboso

    2009-01-01

    This article considers the impact of the developing financial crisis on retail sales values up to 2008. It also examines the divergence between the official estimates of retail activity and the British Retail Consortium retailing indicator. It focuses on the value measure of retail sales and analyses recent trends in retailing activity by examining consumer behaviour and other economic factors affecting the value of retail sales. It is the first of two articles on retailing activity in the UK...

  1. Local Transportation Sales Taxes: California's Experiment in Transportation Finance

    OpenAIRE

    Crabbe, Amber; Hiatt, Rachel; Poliwka, Susan D; Wachs, Martin

    2005-01-01

    In the mid-1980's, the California legislature began authorizing sales taxes for transportation projects in individual counties. Since then, residents of 18 counties - representing 80% of the state's population - have voted to raise their sales taxes for limited periods to pay for county and city ground transportation improvements. Collectively, these "local transportation sales taxes" (LTST's) generate roughly$2 billion per year for the support of capital investments in new highways and trans...

  2. THEORETICAL AND METHODOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF STRATEGIC SALES MANAGEMENT OF ENTERPRISE

    OpenAIRE

    Hurzhiy, N.

    2014-01-01

    In the article existing approaches to strategic management are analyzed, features and a concept of strategic sales management are defined. Also in the article there is encouraged to use processdesign approach in the implementation of strategic management. Also the principles which should be carried out by strategic management of sales activities are identified in relation to the elements of the systemsales activities, as consumers, state infrastructure software sales, competition and enterprise.

  3. Optimal Sales Force Diversification and Group Incentive Payments

    OpenAIRE

    Fabio Caldieraro; Anne T. Coughlan

    2009-01-01

    In this research, we show that the interaction between territory allocation and sales force compensation—two key drivers of sales productivity—strongly affects the firm's profitability. We analyze an agency-theoretic model that jointly considers the degree of negative or positive correlation across territory outcomes, differences in territories' sales potentials, the agency problem with risk-averse salespeople, and the availability of both own-territory compensation elements, such as commissi...

  4. Assessing the effectiveness of sales promotion on organic products

    OpenAIRE

    Hamm, Ulrich; Wild, Sandra

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents and comments on basis data for point of sale marketing on organic products. The research on promotions to date has been directed only towards conventional products. Therefore, the main issue of the study is to offer an overview of sales promotion instruments as well as evaluating different kinds of sales promotions and improving their effectiveness for organic products. The research addresses the optimal design of a series of promotions, which especially approach non-custo...

  5. Minnesota Farm Real Estate Sales: 1990-2005

    OpenAIRE

    Steven J. TAFF

    2006-01-01

    This publication is a snapshot of the Minnesota Farm Real Estate Sales web site (http://www.apec.umn.edu/faculty/sjtaff/salesstudy) as of May 31, 2006. It will be formally "reissued" (the web site will be recaptured) each Spring, as new sales data become available. We no longer distribute a separate farm real estate report in the Minnesota Agricultural Economist (now the Minnesota Applied Economist. The site consists largely of graphs and tables summarizing sales over the past fifteen years. ...

  6. Minnesota Farm Real Estate Sales: 1990-2004

    OpenAIRE

    Steven J. TAFF

    2005-01-01

    This publication is a snapshot of the Minnesota Farm Real Estate Sales web site (http://www.apec.umn.edu/faculty/sjtaff/salesstudy) as of June 2, 2005. It will be formally "reissued" (the web site will be recaptured) each Spring, as new sales data become available. We no longer distribute a separate farm real estate report in the Minnesota Agricultural Economist (now the Minnesota Applied Economist). The site consists largely of graphs and tables summarizing sales over the past fifteen years....

  7. 25 CFR 163.15 - Advertisement of sales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Advertisement of sales. 163.15 Section 163.15 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER GENERAL FORESTRY REGULATIONS Forest Management and Operations § 163.15 Advertisement of sales. Except as provided in §§ 163.13, 163.14, 163.16, and 163.26 of this part, sales of...

  8. 12 CFR 563g.12 - Securities sale report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Securities sale report. 563g.12 Section 563g.12 Banks and Banking OFFICE OF THRIFT SUPERVISION, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY SECURITIES OFFERINGS § 563g.12 Securities sale report. (a) Within 30 days after the first sale of the securities, every six months after such 30 day period and not later...

  9. 12 CFR 34.5 - Due-on-sale clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Due-on-sale clauses. 34.5 Section 34.5 Banks... General § 34.5 Due-on-sale clauses. A national bank may make or acquire a loan or interest therein, secured by a lien on real property, that includes a due-on-sale clause. Except as set forth in 12...

  10. B2B SALES AND MARKETING PLAN FOR LIMECRAFT

    OpenAIRE

    Lamminpää, Kalle

    2014-01-01

    This thesis is made about a Belgian company Limecraft and about their sales and marketing tactics. In the thesis there are ideas given to better their business. Qualita-tive research is used and the researcher will interview the CEO of Limecraft Mr. Maarten Verwaest. Especially researched areas in the thesis are the current marketing and sales tactics used by Limecraft. Also analyzed are some failed tactics. In the research there are descriptions of different tools used in sales and marke...

  11. Gambling at Lucky Stores: Empirical Evidence from State Lottery Sales

    OpenAIRE

    Jonathan Guryan; Melissa S. Kearney

    2008-01-01

    We show that the week after selling a large-prize Texas Lotto winning ticket, a retailer experiences a 12 to 38 percent relative increase in ticket sales. Some increase persists for up to 40 weeks. We document that the sales response increases with jackpot size and is larger in areas with more economically disadvantaged populations. Sales patterns across games and across retailers are not consistent with most advertising explanations. Furthermore, response patterns are not consistent with rep...

  12. What distinguishes passive recipients from active decliners of sales flyers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Birger Boutrup; Orquin, Jacob Lund; Bech-Larsen, Tino

    2014-01-01

    While sales flyer ad spending in Denmark has increased over the last decade ,the proportion of consumers declining to receive such flyers has been ever-increasing. To address this paradox, attitudinal and behavioural factors distinguishing passive recipients from active decliners of sales flyers...... the Internet.To reach the decliners, retailers could focus on the possibilities of the Internet, but to stop the trend of escalating numbers of decliners, retailers will have to address the perceived inconvenience and uselessness of sales flyers....

  13. Sales Forecasting for Fashion Retailing Service Industry: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Na Liu

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Sales forecasting is crucial for many retail operations. It is especially critical for the fashion retailing service industry in which product demand is very volatile and product’s life cycle is short. This paper conducts a comprehensive literature review and selects a set of papers in the literature on fashion retail sales forecasting. The advantages and the drawbacks of different kinds of analytical methods for fashion retail sales forecasting are examined. The evolution of the respective forecasting methods over the past 15 years is revealed. Issues related to real-world applications of the fashion retail sales forecasting models and important future research directions are discussed.

  14. Thorough financial and legal problems of company sale

    OpenAIRE

    Novotná, Barbora

    2009-01-01

    This thesis deals with the sale of a company and is divided to the fourth main parts. The first part is devoted to the sale of a company from a legal point of view. Defines important terms, which are closely related to the sale of a company as it is provided in the commercial code and deals with the rights and obligations of the seller. The second part is focused on the sale and purchase of a company from the persective of accounting and taxes. The third part contains a hypothetical comprehen...

  15. Consumer behavior in online shopping is affected by sales tax

    OpenAIRE

    Einav, Liran; Knoepfle, Dan; Levin, Jonathan; Sundaresan, Neel

    2014-01-01

    Profits from the sales tax make up a large percentage of overall revenues in many states, making the estimated $10 billion lost each year to tax-free internet purchases particularly concerning. Liran Einav, Dan Knoepfle, Jonathan Levin, and Neel Sundaresan examine just how much the presence (or lack thereof) of a sales tax influences consumer behavior. He finds that online purchasing goes up by 1-2 percent for each percentage point increase in the state sales tax, and that an online sales tax...

  16. SVR mathematical model and methods for sale prediction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yi Yang; Rong Fuli; Chang Huiyou; Xiao Zhijiao

    2007-01-01

    Sale prediction plays a significant role in business management. By using support vector machine Regression (ε-SVR), a method using to predict sale is illustrated. It takes historical data and current context data as inputs and presents results, i.e. sale tendency in the future and the forecasting sales, according to the user's specification of accuracy and time cycles. Some practical data experiments and the comparative tests with other algorithms show the advantages of the proposed approach in computation time and correctness.

  17. Evaluating Educational Practices for Positively Affecting Student Perceptions of a Sales Career

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cummins, Shannon; Peltier, James W.; Pomirleanu, Nadia; Cross, James; Simon, Rob

    2015-01-01

    Despite demand for new graduates seeking a sales position, student reticence toward pursuing a sales career remains. While all students will not choose a sales career, diminishing the existence of sales-related misconceptions among the student population should establish sales as a viable career path for a larger number of students. We test six…

  18. 25 CFR 163.19 - Contracts for the sale of forest products.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... REGULATIONS Forest Management and Operations § 163.19 Contracts for the sale of forest products. (a) In sales... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Contracts for the sale of forest products. 163.19 Section... the Secretary must be used unless a special form for a particular sale or class of sales is...

  19. 26 CFR 400.4-1 - Notice required with respect to a nonjudicial sale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    .... Example 2. Under the law of N State, mortgages on real property may contain a power of sale which... property. For purposes of this section, a sale pursuant to such a power of sale is a nonjudicial sale... paragraph are satisfied, the buyer of the property at the sale takes the property free of the liens...

  20. 27 CFR 1.80 - Sales of distilled spirits in bulk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sales of distilled spirits... ADMINISTRATION ACT, NONINDUSTRIAL USE OF DISTILLED SPIRITS AND WINE, BULK SALES AND BOTTLING OF DISTILLED SPIRITS Bulk Sales and Bottling of Distilled Spirits Bulk Sales and Bottling § 1.80 Sales of distilled...

  1. 32 CFR 644.545 - Form of invitation for bids and contract of sale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... and contract of sale. Sale contract forms will be prepared by the DE conducting the sale. ENG Form 571... sales of bare land or improved land and related personal property. ENG Form 1038-R, Invitation for Bids... provisions and conditions for use in the sale of standing timber are contained in ENG Form 2140-R,...

  2. "Land Rental and Sales Markets in Paraguay"

    OpenAIRE

    Masterson, Thomas

    2007-01-01

    This paper examines the claim that the land rental market can be an effective means of redistributing access to, if not ownership of, land to the rural poor, using Paraguay as our model. The land sales market is also examined. The land rental market in Paraguay's rural areas is found to be very thin, due at least in part to a lack of available credit for inputs. Renting-in substantial amounts of land is found to contribute significantly to household per-capita income.

  3. Sales Sector's Job Satisfaction in Company X

    OpenAIRE

    Ikonen, Anni

    2014-01-01

    The research problem of this thesis was to find out the issues that sales people were satisfied with at Company X and to what they were not satisfied. The purpose was also to give the case company some development ideas, based on the research results. The theoretical framework of this thesis includes information of what job satisfaction is and from what components it is formed. Also information about team leading, what is a team, and how the team leading differs from managing a team is gi...

  4. Conformity of Goods in International Sales

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henschel, Rene Franz

    States Uniform Commercial Code (UCC), the new German and Chinese Civil Codes and the sales codes of the Scandinavian countries. The remedies available to the buyer are also analysed. The overall conclusion is that Article 35 is generally interpreted in an autonomous and dynamic way by the various courts......, so that it fulfi ls its objective. The uniform interpretation is contested, however, e.g. by domestic rules on validity, thus inviting a choice of law and forum shopping. If the parties allow for this in their contract the problems may be overcome. It should be appreciated, however, that parts of the...

  5. On the Concept of Culture Goods Sales

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Xiao-Rong

    The article on the consumer psychology, consumer behavior, cultural concepts of the market so their products relating to the concept of corporate culture and business aspects of the image was further explained that the merchandise sold is a commercial act, a cultural transmission consumers to make consumption choices in the same time, he believed that the use of such products with their values and way of life is consistent, for the maintenance of their social status and self-recognition of the need for a sales role in the cultural concept of human group psychology, and affect people's consumption behavior.

  6. FERTILIZERS SALES AND SERVICE. AGRICULTURAL SUPPLY - SALES AND SERVICE OCCUPATIONS, MODULE NUMBER 9.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohio State Univ., Columbus. Center for Vocational and Technical Education.

    THE PURPOSE OF THIS GUIDE IS TO ASSIST TEACHERS IN PREPARING HIGH SCHOOL AND POST-HIGH SCHOOL STUDENTS FOR AGRICULTURAL SUPPLY OCCUPATIONS. ONE OF A SERIES, THIS MODULE WAS DEVELOPED ON THE BASIS OF STATE STUDIES BY A NATIONAL TASK FORCE. THE SPECIFIC OBJECTIVE IS TO PREPARE STUDENTS FOR ENTRY AND ADVANCEMENT IN FERTILIZER SALES AND SERVICE.…

  7. 76 FR 174 - International Business Machines (IBM), Global Sales Operations Organization, Sales and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-03

    ..., 2010 (75 FR 71460). The workers provide Relations Analyst and Band 8 Program Manager services. At the... Organization, Sales and Distribution Business Manager Roles; One Teleworker Located in Charleston, WV... Unit, Relations Analyst and Band 8 Program Manager Roles; One Teleworker Located in Louisville,...

  8. Portable exhausters POR-004 SKID B, POR-005 SKID C, POR-006 SKID D storage plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document provides a storage plan for portable exhausters POR-004 SKID B, POR-005 SKID C, AND POR-006 SKID D. The exhausters will be stored until they are needed by the TWRS (Tank Waste Remediation Systems) Saltwell Pumping Program. The storage plan provides criteria for portable exhauster storage, periodic inspections during storage, and retrieval from storage

  9. Ojo por ojo

    OpenAIRE

    Ramón del Llano Ibáñez

    2011-01-01

    Nuestro pan y café de la mañana se acompaña de noticias alrededor de ejecuciones, de fosas clandestinas, de batallas del ejército, de balaceras en las calles y civiles caídos por balas perdidas : la muerte acompaña nuestro desayuno. Las calaveras de azúcar del día de muertos hoy son calaveras reales y amargas : 40 000 muertos en cuatro años después que el Presidente Calderón declaró la guerra a los narcotraficantes. Se han apresado a varios e importantes miembros de los cárteles : pero han si...

  10. A vida por segundos

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Pedro Miguel Paiva da

    2010-01-01

    A Enfermagem regista evolução a vários níveis, o que torna imperioso reconhecer como de significativo valor o papel do enfermeiro. A Especialização em Enfermagem Médico-Cirúrgica visa o desenvolvimento de competências para a assistência de Enfermagem avançada ao doente adulto e idoso em estado crítico, revelando uma maior apropriação, por parte dos enfermeiros especialistas de uma concepção de cuidados sustentada numa conceptualização científica dos cuidados, daí infere-se o contributo num...

  11. Ojo por ojo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón del Llano Ibáñez

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Nuestro pan y café de la mañana se acompaña de noticias alrededor de ejecuciones, de fosas clandestinas, de batallas del ejército, de balaceras en las calles y civiles caídos por balas perdidas : la muerte acompaña nuestro desayuno. Las calaveras de azúcar del día de muertos hoy son calaveras reales y amargas : 40 000 muertos en cuatro años después que el Presidente Calderón declaró la guerra a los narcotraficantes. Se han apresado a varios e importantes miembros de los cárteles : pero han si...

  12. Onicomicosis por hongos fuliginosos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ingrid Salas-Campos

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Justificación y objetivo: Las infecciones de las uñas producidas por hongos son un problema de frecuente consulta dermatológica. Los dermatofitos son la mayor causa de estas infecciones, siendo Trichophyton rubrum el agente etiológico más importante. Sin embargo, los hongos no dermatofitos, tanto hialinos como fuliginosos, pueden ser también responsables de estos cuadros clínicos. Debido a que estos hongos tienden a ser resistentes a los antimicóticos comúnmente usados para tratar las onicomicosis, es que se hace indispensable que el clínico se asegure por medio de un examen de laboratorio de la etiología de la infección. Métodos: Se estudiaron tres casos de pacientes con lesiones en uñas, que acudieron al laboratorio de Micología Médica, Facultad de Microbiología, Universidad de Costa Rica. Se realizaron los análisis de rutina para aislamiento e identificación de hongos patógenos. Resultados: En los tres casos estudiados se observó al examen directo micelio fuliginoso. En uno de los casos se aisló e identificó Scytalidium dimidiatum, hongo que presenta resistencia a los antifúngicos utilizados para tratar onicomicosis. Conclusión. El reporte de hongos diferentes a los dermatofitos como agentes etiológicos de onicomicosis es importante para que el médico pueda elegir el tratamiento más recomendado para este tipo de infección.

  13. Gestación por sustitución: más cerca de un estatuto jurídico común europeo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Flores Rodríguez

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available En Europa convive una multitud de regímenes jurídicos diferentes respecto del reconocimiento de efectos de la filiación del menor determinada en el extranjero a partir de un contrato de gestación por sustitución. Buena parte de esos derechos mantienen una estricta prohibición del contrato. La ausencia de reconocimiento tiene importantes consecuencias sobre el menor, sobre su vida privada y familiar, como ha puesto de manifiesto el Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos. Al no ver reconocida la filiación en relación con sus padres de intención sus derechos políticos, civiles y sociales pueden verse gravemente afectados. Resulta así necesario establecer un estatuto jurídico homogéneo que permita resolver los problemas que plantea esta situación.

  14. Christmas Sale on 11 and 12 December

    CERN Document Server

    DSU Unit

    2008-01-01

    CERN Shop Are you short of ideas for Christmas presents? If so, come and have a look at the stall the CERN shop will be setting up outside Restaurant No. 1 in the Main Building on the Meyrin site on Thursday 11 and Friday 12 December from 10.30 a.m. to 4.30 p.m. Various new items will be on sale, including a new LHC booklet for the general public. In the style of a travel log, it recounts the fabulous voyage of a proton inside the accelerator. The text is complemented by eye-catching photos and illustrations and is available in English or French. The 2009 calendar, based on the same theme, will also be on sale at 10 CHF. Special reductions will be available on certain items. So come and stock up on your Christmas presents at the CERN shop. Bookshop If you are looking for an idea for your Christmas gifts, the Bookshop of the Central Library offers you a wide choice of titles in Physics, ...

  15. 46 CFR 67.527 - Application for filing and recording bills of sale and instruments in the nature of a bill of sale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... instruments in the nature of a bill of sale. 67.527 Section 67.527 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF....527 Application for filing and recording bills of sale and instruments in the nature of a bill of sale. An application fee is charged for filing and recording bills of sale and instruments in the nature...

  16. 77 FR 43077 - Federal Acquisition Regulation; Information Collection; North Carolina Sales Tax Certification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-23

    ... Regulation; Information Collection; North Carolina Sales Tax Certification AGENCY: Department of Defense (DOD... approved information collection requirement concerning North Carolina sales tax certification. Public...: Submit comments identified by Information Collection 9000- 0059, North Carolina Sales Tax...

  17. New trends in electricity sales on deregulated markets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An analysis of the influence of the e-sales on the market is made. Seven critical factors for the success are outlined, namely: community offerings, connectivity, customer care, communication, convenience, content, customization. Examples for the application of the e-sales in Europe are given and expected trends are discussed

  18. 19 CFR 148.46 - Sale of exempted articles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sale of exempted articles. 148.46 Section 148.46... exempted articles. (a) Sale resulting in forfeiture. The following articles or their value (to be recovered... paragraph (b) of this section is followed: (1) Any jewelry or similar articles of personal adornment...

  19. 9 CFR 104.5 - Products for distribution and sale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Products for distribution and sale. 104.5 Section 104.5 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT... BIOLOGICAL PRODUCTS § 104.5 Products for distribution and sale. An application for a U.S....

  20. 27 CFR 31.51 - Wholesale dealers making retail sales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... retail sales. 31.51 Section 31.51 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND... Persons Exempt from Registration And/or Recordkeeping § 31.51 Wholesale dealers making retail sales. A... under this part, is exempt from registration at that place as a retail dealer in liquors or in beer....

  1. 29 CFR 780.214 - Feed sales and other activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Feed sales and other activities. 780.214 Section 780.214... Agriculture as It Relates to Specific Situations Hatchery Operations § 780.214 Feed sales and other activities. In some situations, the hatchery also operates a feed store and furnishes feed to the growers. As...

  2. PLANNING METHODOLOGY SALES STAFF IN RETAIL TRADE ORGANIZATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gayduk V. I.

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The article describes a method of optimizing the number of members of the sales staff in retail organizations, which enables a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the manpower of the enterprise, evaluate the effectiveness of the use of the sales staff and offer based on it the optimal number of employees in each structural unit

  3. 27 CFR 10.24 - Sales promotion contests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sales promotion contests. 10.24 Section 10.24 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX AND TRADE BUREAU, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS COMMERCIAL BRIBERY Commercial Bribery § 10.24 Sales promotion...

  4. 36 CFR 223.85 - Noncompetitive sale of timber.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM TIMBER Timber Sale Contracts Advertisement and Bids § 223... further advertisement, at not less than appraised value, any timber previously advertised for competitive... of competitive interest in the product. (b) Extraordinary conditions, as provided for in 16...

  5. 76 FR 18731 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office ] DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Defense Security Cooperation Agency, DoD...)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of section 155 of...

  6. 78 FR 26326 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-06

    ... of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Department of Defense, Defense Security... a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of section...)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act, as amended (i) Prospective Purchaser: United Kingdom (ii)...

  7. 75 FR 60424 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notifications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notifications AGENCY: Defense Security Cooperation Agency, DoD...(b)(1) arms sales notifications to fulfill the requirements of section 155 of Public Law...

  8. 76 FR 60457 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-29

    ... of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Defense Security Cooperation Agency... of a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of... Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer Pursuant to Section 36(b)(1)of the Arms Export Control Act...

  9. 76 FR 26707 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Defense Security Cooperation Agency... of a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements...

  10. 77 FR 46417 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-03

    ... of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Department of Defense, Defense Security... a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of section... Section 36(b)(1) Of the Arms Export Control Act, as amended (i) Prospective Purchaser: Thailand (ii)...

  11. 77 FR 42707 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-20

    ... of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Defense Security Cooperation Agency... of a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of... Letter of Offer Pursuant to Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act, as amended (i)...

  12. 76 FR 28956 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Department of Defense, Defense Security... a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of...

  13. 76 FR 60467 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-29

    ... of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Defense Security Cooperation Agency... of a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of... Letter of Offer Pursuant to Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act (i) Prospective...

  14. 75 FR 62792 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notifications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notifications AGENCY: Defense Security Cooperation Agency, DoD... 36(b)(1) arms sales notifications to fulfill the requirements of section 155 of Public Law...

  15. 78 FR 62588 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-22

    ... of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Defense Security Cooperation Agency... of a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of... Letter of Offer Pursuant to Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act, as amended (i)...

  16. 75 FR 74014 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Department of Defense, Defense Security... a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of...

  17. 75 FR 9182 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-01

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Defense Security Cooperation Agency, DoD...)(1) arms sales notification to fulfill the requirements of section 155 of Public Law 104-164 dated...

  18. 76 FR 60471 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-29

    ... of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Department of Defense, Defense Security... a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of section... Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer Pursuant to Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act,...

  19. 75 FR 11865 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-12

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Defense Security Cooperation Agency, DoD...)(1) arms sales notification to fulfill the requirements of section 155 of Public Law 104-164 dated...

  20. 78 FR 62600 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-22

    ... of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Defense Security Cooperation Agency... of a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of... Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer Pursuant to Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act,...

  1. 75 FR 81993 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Department of Defense, Defense Security... a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of...

  2. 76 FR 18726 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-05

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Defense Security Cooperation Agency, DoD...)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of section 155 of...

  3. 76 FR 37075 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Department of Defense, Defense Security... a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of...

  4. 76 FR 37078 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Department of Defense, Defense Security... a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of...

  5. 75 FR 20571 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Defense Security Cooperation Agency, DoD...(b)(1) arms sales notifications to fulfill the requirements of section 155 of Public Law...

  6. 78 FR 15004 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-08

    ... of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Defense Security Cooperation Agency... of a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of... Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer Pursuant to Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act,...

  7. 78 FR 46579 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    ... of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Department of Defense, Defense Security... a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of section... Letter of Offer Pursuant to Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act, as Amended (i)...

  8. 77 FR 37879 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-25

    ... of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Department of Defense, Defense Security... a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of section... Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer Pursuant to Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act,...

  9. 78 FR 50047 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-16

    ... of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Defense Security Cooperation Agency... of a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of... Letter of Offer Pursuant to Section 36(b) (1) Of the Arms Export Control Act, as amended (i)...

  10. 77 FR 51780 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-27

    ... of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Department of Defense, Defense Security... a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of section... Letter of Offer Pursuant to Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act, as amended (i)...

  11. 77 FR 42711 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-20

    ... of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Department of Defense, Defense Security... a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of section... Letter of Offer Pursuant to Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act, as Amended (i)...

  12. 76 FR 76954 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-09

    ... of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Department of Defense, Defense Security... a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of section... Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer Pursuant to Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act,...

  13. 76 FR 8716 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Defense Security Cooperation Agency, DoD...)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of section 155 of...

  14. 78 FR 72066 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-02

    ... of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Department of Defense, Defense Security... a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of section... Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer Pursuant to Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act,...

  15. 78 FR 26324 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-06

    ... of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Defense Security Cooperation Agency... of a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of... No. 13-20 Notice of Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer Pursuant to Section 36(b)(1) of the...

  16. 75 FR 62767 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notifications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-13

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notifications AGENCY: Defense Security Cooperation Agency, DoD... 36(b)(1) arms sales notifications to fulfill the requirements of section 155 of Public Law...

  17. 77 FR 75617 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-21

    ... of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Defense Security Cooperation Agency... of a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of... Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer Pursuant to Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act,...

  18. 76 FR 56181 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-12

    ... of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Department of Defense, Defense Security... a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of section... Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act, as amended (i) Prospective Purchaser: Peru (ii)...

  19. 76 FR 29212 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-20

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Defense Security Cooperation Agency... of a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements...

  20. 75 FR 48646 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notifications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-11

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notifications AGENCY: Defense Security Cooperation Agency, DoD... 36(b)(1) arms sales notifications to fulfill the requirements of section 155 of Public Law...

  1. 76 FR 37071 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-24

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Department of Defense, Defense Security... a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of...

  2. 76 FR 77809 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-14

    ... of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Defense Security Cooperation Agency... of a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of... Letter of Offer Pursuant to Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act, as Amended (i)...

  3. 78 FR 701 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-04

    ... of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Defense Security Cooperation Agency... of a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of... Letter of Offer Pursuant to Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act, as amended (i)...

  4. 76 FR 60455 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-29

    ... of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Department of Defense, Defense Security... a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of section... Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer Pursuant to Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act,...

  5. 75 FR 74011 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Department of Defense, Defense Security... a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of...

  6. 77 FR 37881 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-25

    ... of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Department of Defense, Defense Security... of a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of... Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer Pursuant to Section 36(b)(1) of the Arms Export Control Act,...

  7. 76 FR 38371 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-30

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE Office of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Department of Defense, Defense Security... a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of...

  8. 78 FR 78939 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-27

    ... of the Secretary 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification AGENCY: Department of Defense, Defense Security... a section 36(b)(1) arms sales notification. This is published to fulfill the requirements of section... Transmittal No. 13-68 Notice of Proposed Issuance of Letter of Offer Pursuant to Section 36(b)(1) of the...

  9. 25 CFR 91.8 - Sale or mortgage of improvements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... approved by the Superintendent. The lending agency shall have the right: (1) To foreclose the mortgage and... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Sale or mortgage of improvements. 91.8 Section 91.8... VILLAGES, OSAGE RESERVATION, OKLAHOMA § 91.8 Sale or mortgage of improvements. No improvements...

  10. 7 CFR 1402.2 - Sales of inventory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 10 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Sales of inventory. 1402.2 Section 1402.2 Agriculture... of inventory. CCC will entertain offers from prospective buyers for the purchase of any commodities... commodity sales to the Director, Warehouse and Inventory Division, Stop 0553, 1400 Independence Avenue,...

  11. Sales Training: Effects of Spaced Practice on Training Transfer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kauffeld, Simone; Lehmann-Willenbrock, Nale

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: The benefits of spaced training over massed training practice are well established in the laboratory setting. In a field study design with sales trainings, the purpose of this paper is to investigate the effects of spaced compared with massed practice on transfer quantity and quality, sales competence, and key figures.…

  12. 27 CFR 53.95 - Constructive sale price; basic rules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... is less than the actual sale price, the constructive sale price shall be used as the tax base. If the... not less than fair market, and shall be used as the tax base. In determining the highest price for...; basic rules. 53.95 Section 53.95 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms ALCOHOL AND TOBACCO TAX...

  13. A Critical Review of the Literature for Sales Educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cummins, Shannon; Peltier, James W.; Erffmeyer, Robert; Whalen, Joel

    2013-01-01

    The "Journal of Marketing Education" is publishing a special issue on Sales Education and Training in August 2014. In this article, we review the sales education literature from four primary journals and the business literature at large. The four primary journals are the "Journal of Marketing Education," "Marketing Education Review," "Journal of…

  14. PLANNING METHODOLOGY SALES STAFF IN RETAIL TRADE ORGANIZATIONS

    OpenAIRE

    Gayduk V. I.; Takaho E. E.

    2014-01-01

    The article describes a method of optimizing the number of members of the sales staff in retail organizations, which enables a quantitative and qualitative analysis of the manpower of the enterprise, evaluate the effectiveness of the use of the sales staff and offer based on it the optimal number of employees in each structural unit

  15. 5 CFR 2634.303 - Purchases, sales, and exchanges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... transaction exceeds $1,000: (1) Of real property, other than a personal residence of the filer or spouse, as... residence. He must disclose the sale under this section and any capital gain over $200 realized on the sale... dependent child; however, any capital gain, except for that portion attributable to a personal residence,...

  16. What Sales Managers Say about Their Training & Development Needs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zemke, Ron

    1979-01-01

    Presents results of a mail survey of sales managers. The survey asked three questions: (1) What organizational factors are adversely affecting your performance as sales manager? (2) What factors are adversely affecting your salespeoples' performance? and (3) What skills do you personally need to improve? (CSS)

  17. Problems of sales force turnover and possible solutions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tihana Poljak

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Fluctuation poses an extremely important problem in the field of sales management and, therefore, it is necessary to research continually its impact on the company as a whole. The aim of this paper is to determine the frequency of fluctuation among the sales staff and sales managers through empirical research while also determining the key factors contributing to a decision to leave the company. Results of research conducted on a sample of sales managers show their belief in the honesty of reasons reported by the sales staff for leaving the company, the importance of financial factors as well as numerous material and non-material instruments of motivation employed in order to keep the fluctuation under control because it creates expenses for the company and increases their own workload, among other reasons. Most sales staff reported a wish for career advancement as their primary motivation for changing jobs, claiming that they are prepared to inform their superiors of that decision without hiding the real reasons etc. From this research it is possible to observe both perspectives – that of sales managers as well as that of the sales staff they manage. Their perspectives contain certain differences, which are understandable considering their respective position within the organization but also reflect human bias.

  18. 77 FR 22607 - Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Wyoming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-16

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Wyoming AGENCY: Bureau of Land... competitive lease by sealed bid in accordance with the provisions of the Mineral Leasing Act of 1920, as amended. DATES: The lease sale will be held at 10 a.m. on Thursday, May 17, 2012. Sealed bids must...

  19. 26 CFR 48.4217-1 - Lease considered as sale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 16 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Lease considered as sale. 48.4217-1 Section 48... Taxes § 48.4217-1 Lease considered as sale. For purposes of Chapter 32 of the Code, the lease of an... “lease” means a contract or agreement, written or verbal, which gives the lessee an exclusive,...

  20. 76 FR 63951 - Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Utah

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-14

    ... November 7, 2005, are subject to cost recovery on a case-by-case basis (See 43 CFR 3000.10(d)(1), 70 FR... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Utah AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice of competitive coal lease sale. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given that that...

  1. 76 FR 64099 - Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Wyoming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-17

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Wyoming AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice of competitive coal lease sale. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given that..., will be offered for competitive lease by sealed bid in accordance with the provisions of the...

  2. 76 FR 18240 - Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Wyoming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Wyoming AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice of competitive coal lease sale. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given that..., Wyoming, will be offered for competitive lease by sealed bid in accordance with the provisions of...

  3. 77 FR 21803 - Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-11

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Colorado AGENCY: Bureau of Land... Creek East Tract described below in Gunnison County, Colorado, will be offered for competitive lease by... lease sale will be held at 10 a.m., May 15, 2012. The sealed bid must be submitted on or before 10...

  4. 76 FR 35465 - Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Wyoming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-17

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Wyoming AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice of competitive coal lease sale. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given that... offered for competitive lease by sealed bid in accordance with the provisions of the Mineral Leasing...

  5. 77 FR 40630 - Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Colorado

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-10

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Colorado AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice of competitive coal lease sale. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given that... competitive lease by sealed bid in accordance with the provisions of the Mineral Leasing Act of 1920,...

  6. 77 FR 31385 - Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Wyoming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-25

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Wyoming AGENCY: Bureau of Land... lease by sealed bid in accordance with the provisions of the Mineral Leasing Act of 1920, as amended. DATES: The lease sale will be held at 10 a.m. on Thursday, June 28, 2012. Sealed bids must be...

  7. 76 FR 28063 - Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Wyoming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-13

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Wyoming AGENCY: Bureau of Land... lease by sealed bid in accordance with the provisions of the Mineral Leasing Act of 1920, as amended. DATES: The lease sale will be held at 10 a.m., on Wednesday, July 13, 2011. Sealed bids must...

  8. 76 FR 63323 - Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Montana

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-12

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Montana AGENCY: Bureau of Land... described below in Musselshell County, Montana, will be offered for competitive lease by sealed bid in accordance with the provisions of the Mineral Leasing Act of 1920, as amended. DATES: The lease sale will...

  9. 76 FR 11258 - Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Wyoming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-01

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Wyoming AGENCY: Bureau of Land Management, Interior. ACTION: Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale. SUMMARY: Notice is hereby given that..., Wyoming, will be offered for competitive lease by sealed bid in accordance with the provisions of...

  10. 77 FR 2316 - Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Montana

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-17

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Montana AGENCY: Bureau of Land... described below in Musselshell County, Montana, will be offered for competitive lease by sealed bid in accordance with the provisions of the Mineral Leasing Act of 1920, as amended. DATES: The lease sale will...

  11. 77 FR 3790 - Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Wyoming

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-25

    ... Bureau of Land Management Notice of Competitive Coal Lease Sale, Wyoming AGENCY: Bureau of Land... lease by sealed bid in accordance with the provisions of the Mineral Leasing Act of 1920, as amended. DATES: The lease sale will be held at 10 a.m. on Wednesday, February 29, 2012. Sealed bids must...

  12. 27 CFR 53.103 - Lease considered as sale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Lease considered as sale... Provisions Applicable to Manufacturers Taxes § 53.103 Lease considered as sale. For purposes of chapter 32 of the Code, the lease of an article by a manufacturer, producer, or importer shall be considered a...

  13. Women's club - Christmas Sale - Solidarité Femmes

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Women's club

    2010-01-01

    Thursday, 25 November from 9am to 3pm Main Building 60, Ground floor All proceeds from the sale will be given to the charity Solidarité Femmes Numerous items for sale: Christmas wreaths, Cakes and Biscuits, Coffee, Preserves, Paintings, Books, Embroidery, Patchwork, Painting on porcelain... Tombola! Win a patchwork quilt, handmade by CWC members. All are welcome!

  14. Beijing Jun.Men’s Suits Retail Sales Report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Top 22 Department Stores Retail Worth CNY13.03 million Beijing Jun.-Sales value of men’s suits in Beijing 22 mid-to-high range department stores was unsatisfying in recent months,according to Beijing Commercial Information Consultation Center.Sales value of men’s suits in Jun.was

  15. Electroterapia en equinos: uso de la electroestimulación mecánica por acción refleja (E.M.A.R.) en el síndrome podotroclear Electrotherapy in horses: use of mechanical electrostimulation by reflex action (R.A.M.E) in the podotrochlear syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    J.A García Liñeiro; H Scipioni; M.T Argibay Quiroga; N Petrone; C Roccatagliata; Tonelli, C.; J. Spina; M. Vaccaro

    2007-01-01

    La Electroestimulación Mecánica por Acción Refleja actúa por aplicación de corriente galvánica exponencial de baja intensidad durante tiempos muy breves. Se trabajó sobre una población de 17 equinos afectados por síndrome podotroclear con el fin de evaluar su efecto analgésico. Los equinos se distribuyeron en dos grupos: grupo 1 (13 equinos en tratamiento) y grupo 2 (4 equinos testigo). El diagnóstico se estandarizó según el siguiente protocolo: a) grado de claudicación, b) respuesta a la fle...

  16. THE EFFECTS OF SALES PROMOTION ON POST PROMOTION BEHAVIORS AND BRAND PREFERENCES IN FAST FOOD RESTAURANTS

    OpenAIRE

    Hany Hosny Sayed Abdelhamied

    2013-01-01

    Sales promotions work to stimulate and induce choice of customers in restaurants. However, the benefits of the sales promotion may be offset by undermining sales power and preferences of products being displayed when they are no longer promoted. The sales promotions have been long employed in marketing practices for attracting customers and researched academically, but a clear understanding of the impacts of sales promotion on products’ sales power and preferences post the promotion, has not ...

  17. Antecedents and Consequences of Sales Representatives' Relationship Termination Competence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Geersbro, Jens; Ritter, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    the antecedents and consequences of sales representatives' relationship termination competence. Design/methodology/approach: A model of antecedents of sales representatives' relationship termination competence is developed and tested using a cross-sectional survey of more than 800 sales...... representatives. The impact of the constructs "termination acceptance", "definition of non-customer", "termination routines" and "termination incentives" on termination competence are analyzed using PLS. Findings: A sales representative's termination competence is positively influenced by greater clarity and...... wider dissemination of the definition of a "non-customer", higher prevalence of termination routines, and increasing degrees of termination incentives. Acceptance of relationship termination at the firm level does not appear to have a significant impact on sales representatives' relationship termination...

  18. Rethinking the extraverted sales ideal: the ambivert advantage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, Adam M

    2013-06-01

    Despite the widespread assumption that extraverts are the most productive salespeople, research has shown weak and conflicting relationships between extraversion and sales performance. In light of these puzzling results, I propose that the relationship between extraversion and sales performance is not linear but curvilinear: Ambiverts achieve greater sales productivity than extraverts or introverts do. Because they naturally engage in a flexible pattern of talking and listening, ambiverts are likely to express sufficient assertiveness and enthusiasm to persuade and close a sale but are more inclined to listen to customers' interests and less vulnerable to appearing too excited or overconfident. A study of 340 outbound-call-center representatives supported the predicted inverted-U-shaped relationship between extraversion and sales revenue. This research presents a fresh perspective on the personality traits that facilitate successful influence and offers novel insights for people in choosing jobs and for organizations in hiring and training employees. PMID:23567176

  19. The Role of Promotion in Milling and Bakery Products Sales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergiu-Bogdan Constantin

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Irrespective of the avenue chosen for the retail of milling and bakery products, a key role in sales growth is the one played by promotion, information of the future customers as to the characteristics of the products, the execution and sale conditions. Such information process takes place by means of the promotional mix, consisting of a blend of advertising, sales promotion, public relations tools, trademarks, promotional events, and sales forces. The milling and baking industry uses, to certain extent, all the components of the promotional mix. Product promotion is central both to sales growth, as well as to educating, advising and informing consumers as to how they can select quality milling and bakery products.

  20. Applying conceptual design to B2B sales negotiations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Illi, Mikko; Ylirisku, Salu

    This paper addresses the challenge of perceiving B2B sales negotiation in a manner that would open up new possibilities for the improvement of the practice. B2B sales agents work under high pressure in developing relevant and appealing proposals when negotiating for a deal with a customer. The key...... problem that will be addressed is the building of understanding of a customer’s current needs and requirements, and then trying to devise an appropriate proposal to match these. The work of the sales agents in B2B sales negotiations is highly complex, as they need to understand both the modular machinery...... the ways in which design sense making artefacts may drive also B2B sales agents’ work....

  1. Sociedad por Acciones Simplificada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Andrés Arcila Salazar

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available En Colombia, aspectos como la responsabilidad limitada; supresión de la llamada doctrina de ultra vires; duración ilimitada; eliminación de la regla, una acción, un voto; remedios al abuso de los derechos; posibilidad de eliminar prohibiciones a los administradores, libertad de establecer restricciones para la transferencia de acciones y la simplificación de los procedimientos de fusión; son inviables bajo nuestra legislación. Sin embargo, la Ley 1258 de 2008, ha incorporado al derecho societario colombiano un nuevo tipo societario híbrido, llamado “Sociedad por Acciones Simplificada”. Esta forma societaria híbrida se basa en un principio básico: garantizar amplia libertad a los empresarios en la estructuración de sus relaciones a través de disposiciones contractuales. La S.A.S. provee a los empresarios significativa flexibilidad contractual, a la vez que preserva beneficios como la limitación de la responsabilidad.

  2. Sociedad por Acciones Simplificada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Andrés Arcila Salazar

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available En Colombia, aspectos como la responsabilidad limitada; supresión de la llamada doctrina de ultra vires; duración ilimitada; eliminación de la regla, una acción, un voto; remedios al abuso de los derechos; posibilidad de eliminar prohibiciones a los administradores, libertad de establecer restricciones para la transferencia de acciones y la simplificación de los procedimientos de fusión; son inviables bajo nuestra legislación. Sin embargo, la Ley 1258 de 2008, ha incorporado al derecho societario colombiano un nuevo tipo societario híbrido, llamado “Sociedad por Acciones Simplificada”. Esta forma societaria híbrida se basa en un principio básico: garantizar amplia libertad a los empresarios en la estructuración de sus relaciones a través de disposiciones contractuales. La S.A.S. provee a los empresarios significativa flexibilidad contractual, a la vez que preserva beneficios como la limitación de la responsabilidad.

  3. 26 CFR 48.4216(b)-3 - Constructive sale price; special rule for arm's-length sales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 16 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Constructive sale price; special rule for arm's... Provisions Applicable to Manufacturers Taxes § 48.4216(b)-3 Constructive sale price; special rule for arm's... such articles to one or more wholesale distributors in arm's-length transactions, and the...

  4. Research on opinions and attitudes of bookseller and increasing retail sales in the sales of books, through staff training

    OpenAIRE

    Hristina Mihaleva

    2011-01-01

    During the economic crisis, retail sales in the book sales dropped sharply. Businesses are not many options. Costs must be reduced quickly, due to reduced turnover. Very often this means the release of personnel and cost reduction benefits and salary. This analysis aims to explore attitudes, professional competence and motivation of staff and to provide evidence of the need to further their education.

  5. Evaluación del impacto ambiental por presencia de hidrocarburos en el fundo Los Clavelitos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omer Vílchez-Fernández

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available A través del método de los criterios relevantes integrados de Buroz se identificaron los elementos que generan el impacto ambiental en el fundo Los Clavelitos, Venezuela, debido a la presencia de hidrocarburos en forma de emanaciones naturales (menes. Los componentes que se afectan en el medio físico son: suelo, agua, aire, y en el biológico, la flora y la fauna. Se realizaron pruebas de laboratorio sobre las muestras de agua y suelo, las que indicaron en su mayoría que los parámetros analizados se encontraban dentro del rango permisible por la normativa venezolana. El componente más afectado del medio físico es el aire, con un valor de impacto ambiental de 5,7 y probabilidad de ocurrencia moderada; para el medio biológico el factor fauna tuvo un impacto ambiental de 6,2, con una probabilidad de ocurrencia alta. Se propone un sistema de medidas mitigantes y correctivas considerando todos los impactos encontrados.

  6. Areva - First half 2008 sales revenue

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As of June 30, 2008, AREVA's backlog stood at 38.1 billion euro, for 13.6% growth since June 30, 2007, with 9.9% growth in Nuclear and 40.7% growth in Transmission and Distribution. In Nuclear, the backlog came to 32.3 billion euro as of the end of June 2008. In the front end of the cycle, AREVA signed multi-year contracts in the first half of the year with Japanese and American utilities and with EDF, for a combined total of more than 1 billion euro. Of note in the back end of the cycle is the contract AREVA signed with the U.S. Department of Energy to build a MOX fuel fabrication facility. In Transmission and Distribution, the backlog came to 5.8 billion euro as of the end of period. A total of 3.2 billion euro in orders was booked in the first half, an increase of 20.0% year-on-year. The division won several important contracts, most notably a contract with Dubai Electricity (more than 130 million euro), a contract with National Grid and RTE for the renovation of the IFA 2000 grid interconnection between France and Great Britain (more than 60 million euro), and, in the industrial field, a contract with Rio Tinto Alcan (close to 65 million euro). The group cleared revenue of 6.2 billion euro in the first half of 2008, up 14.8% (+16.4% like-for-like) compared with the first half of 2007. Sales outside France were up 14.3% to 4.2 billion euro or 68.6% of total sales; the latter were stable compared with the first half of 2007. All businesses were up, with growth of 15.9% in Nuclear operations (+19.1% LFL1) - particularly in Reactors and Services (+31.3% LFL1) - and 13.0% growth in Transmission and Distribution operations (+12.0% LFL T 1). Foreign exchange had a negative impact of 155 million euro, primarily due to the change in the U.S. dollar in relation to the euro. Changes in the consolidated group had a positive impact of 97 million euro, mainly reflecting acquisitions in the Transmission and Distribution division and in Renewable Energies. Sales revenue for

  7. Sales plan generation problem on TV broadcasting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özlem Cosgun

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Major advertisers and/or advertisement agencies purchase hundreds of slots during a given broadcast period. Deterministic optimization approaches have been well developed for the problem of meeting client requests. The challenging task for the academic research currently is to address optimization problem under uncertainty. This paper is concerned with the sales plan generation problem when the audience levels of advertisement slots are random variables with known probability distributions. There are several constraints the TV networks must meet including client budget, product category and demographic information, plan weighting by week, program mix requirements, and the lengths of advertisement slots desired by the client. We formulate the problem as a chance constrained goal program and we demonstrate that it provides a robust solution with a user specified level of reliability.

  8. Organ sales: exploitative at any price?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawlor, Rob

    2014-05-01

    In many cases, claims that a transaction is exploitative will focus on the details of the transaction, such as the price paid or conditions. For example, in a claim that a worker is exploited, the grounds for the claim are usually that the pay is not sufficient or the working conditions too dangerous. In some cases, however, the claim that a transaction is exploitative is not seen to rely on these finer details. Many, for example, claim that organ sales would be exploitative, in a way that doesn't seem to depend on the details. This article considers, but ultimately rejects, a number of arguments which could be used to defend this sort of claim. PMID:23025892

  9. Record uranium sales reported by Eldorado Nuclear

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Short communication. Full text included in abstract. With sales up 66% to $335 million last year from $202 million in 1986, Eldorado Nuclear Ltd. of Ottawa moved into the black in 1987 reporting a profit of $12 million. This compared with a loss of $64.4 million in the previous year. The Crown-owned company's operating profit leaped 150% to $109 million from $44 million a year earlier. Chairman George Bonar ascribed the large gap between operating and final profits to costs incurred borrowing foreign funds in previous years to finance a $500 million capital expansion. He said costs associated with the loans amounted to $95 million last year. Mr. Bonar attributed the strong turnaround to record sales to Canadian and foreign electrical utilities and company-wide reductions. The 9.7 million pounds of uranium concentrates sold last year was 111% higher than the 4.6 million pounds sold in 1986. Largely due to higher output at Eldorado's Rabbit Lake facility, production at this and the Key Lake mines in northern Saskatchewan spurted 51% to 3,062 metric tons. While setting new production records, Eldorado's uranium processing operations at Blind River and Port Hope, Ontario trimmed unit costs by 12%. Compared with the previous record output of 8,239 tons set in 1986, the volume of uranium processed rose 32% to 10,897 tons. At the end of 1987, reserves totalled about 175 million pounds of uranium oxide, Mr. Bonar said. This compared with 30 million pounds prior to the capital expansion in 1981. All dollar figures are in Canadian funds

  10. 77 FR 67394 - Gulf of Mexico (GOM), Outer Continental Shelf (OCS), Western Planning Area (WPA) Lease Sale 233...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-09

    ... Area (WPA) Lease Sale 233 and Central Planning Area (CPA) Lease Sale 231, Oil and Gas Lease Sales... Supplemental EIS for oil and gas lease sales tentatively scheduled in 2013 and 2014 in the WPA and CPA offshore... environmental and socioeconomic analyses for proposed WPA Lease Sale 233 and proposed CPA Lease Sale 231,...

  11. "People over profits": retailers who voluntarily ended tobacco sales.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia A McDaniel

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Tobacco retailers are key players in the ongoing tobacco epidemic. Tobacco outlet density is linked to a greater likelihood of youth and adult smoking and greater difficulty quitting. While public policy efforts to address the tobacco problem at the retail level have been limited, some retailers have voluntarily ended tobacco sales. A previous pilot study examined this phenomenon in California, a state with a strong tobacco program focused on denormalizing smoking and the tobacco industry. We sought to learn what motivated retailers in other states to end tobacco sales and how the public and media responded. METHODS: We conducted interviews with owners, managers, or representatives of six grocery stores in New York and Ohio that had voluntarily ended tobacco sales since 2007. We also conducted unobtrusive observations at stores and analyzed media coverage of each retailer's decision. RESULTS: Grocery store owners ended tobacco sales for two reasons, alone or in combination: health or ethics-related, including a desire to send a consistent health message to employees and customers, and business-related, including declining tobacco sales or poor fit with the store's image. The decision to end sales often appeared to resolve troubling contradictions between retailers' values and selling deadly products. New York retailers attributed declining sales to high state tobacco taxes. All reported largely positive customer reactions and most received media coverage. Forty-one percent of news items were letters to the editor or editorials; most (69% supported the decision. CONCLUSION: Voluntary decisions by retailers to abandon tobacco sales may lay the groundwork for mandatory policies and further denormalize tobacco. Our study also suggests that high tobacco taxes may have both direct and indirect effects on tobacco use. Highlighting the contradictions between being a responsible business and selling deadly products may support voluntary

  12. Modeling future vehicle sales and stock in China

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article presents an updated and upgraded methodology, the Fuel Economy and Environmental Impacts (FEEI) model ( (http://www.feeimodel.org/)), to project vehicle sales and stock in China on the basis of our previous studies. The methodology presented has the following major improvements: it simulates private car ownership on an income-level basis, takes into account car purchase prices, separates sales into purchases for fleet growth and for replacements of scrapped vehicles, and examines various possible vehicle scrappage patterns for China. The results show that the sales of private light-duty passenger vehicles in China could reach 23–42 million by 2050, with the share of new-growth purchases representing 16–28%. The total vehicle stock may be 530–623 million by 2050. We compare this study to other publicly available studies in terms of both projection methodology and results. A sensitivity analysis shows that vehicle sales are more affected than levels of vehicle stock by the model parameters, which makes projecting sales more difficult owing to the lack of reliable input data for key model parameters. Because it considers key factors in detail, the sales and stock projection module of the FEEI model offers many advantages over previous models and is capable of simulating various policy scenarios. - Highlights: ► An upgraded methodology to project vehicle sales and stock in China is presented. ► It analyzes intrinsic factors that cause the growth of car sales. ► Sales of private light-duty passenger vehicles could reach 23–42 million by 2050. ► The total vehicle stock in China will be 530–623 million by 2050.

  13. Bullying: un fenómeno por transformar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alicia del Carmen Rodríguez Díaz

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Title: Bullying: a phenomenon to transform.ResumenEl Bullying escolar es una práctica de abuso prolongado y constante tanto física, psicológica y emocional de una persona o grupo hacia un par en situación de desventaja. Una práctica de violencia observada en las escuelas de Colombia, pero con escaso estudio y poca intervención. Los modelos de medición e intervención diseñados en su mayoría provienen de entornos culturales diferentes al de nuestro país, como intervenciones curriculares, en habilidades sociales individuales y las multicomponentes que han mostrado ser efectivas en sus países de origen, pero que requieren ser ajustadas al contexto nacional y regional, lo que sugiere la necesidad de emplear una visión contemporánea y propia en el estudio de una problemática que por años ha afectado a niños, niñas y jóvenes convirtiéndose en una conducta habitual en las escuelas del territorio nacional. (DUAZARY 2012 No. 1, 98 - 104AbstractSchool bullying is a practice of long and constant abuse physical, psychological and emotional of a person or group to a couple at a disadvantage and powerlessness. Bullying is a practice of violence seen in Colombians schools, but with little study and little intervention. The measurement and intervention models designed mostly come from different cultural backgrounds to our country and curricular interventions, social skills and multicomponent individual have proven effective in their countries of origin, but need to be adjusted to national context and region, suggesting the need to use a contemporary and own in the study of a problem that for years has affected children and young people becoming habitual behavior in schools in the country.Key words: Stalking; violence; aggression.

  14. DIRECT SALES IN THE CONTEXT OF ROMANIA'S UE INTEGRATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gherman Cristina

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available More recently, direct sales business is stimulated by the difficult market conditions. While retailers hardly bear fixed costs such as rent, administrative costs and tend to raise prices, customers fall back to products offered by direct sale. In addition, labour market conditions made more and more Romanians (who were left without incomes to move towards this system. On the other hand, the direct sales field doesnt concern only those who remained without a job, but rather those who want to round their incomes.

  15. Health Matters: Human Organ Donations, Sales, and the Black Market

    OpenAIRE

    Hentrich, Michael

    2012-01-01

    In this paper I explore the human organ procurement system. Which is better for saving lives and limiting black market use, the present altruistic system of donations or a free and open sales market? I explain that there is a risk with maintaining the present system, the altruistic vision, and that people may die who might otherwise live if the sale of organs was permitted. But there is no guarantee that permitting organ sales would effectively address the current supply-side shortage and glo...

  16. Predicting iPhone Sales from iPhone Tweets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lassen, Niels Buus; Madsen, Rene; Vatrapu, Ravi

    2014-01-01

    a linear regression model that transforms iPhone tweets into a prediction of the quarterly iPhone sales with an average error close to the established prediction models from investment banks. This strong correlation between iPhone tweets and iPhone sales becomes marginally stronger after incorporating......, we demonstrate how social media data from twitter can be used to predict the sales of iPhones. Based on a conceptual model of social data consisting of social graph (actors, actions, activities, and artefacts) and social text (topics, keywords, pronouns, and sentiments), we develop and evaluate...

  17. Sales and Firm Entry: The Case of Wal-Mart

    OpenAIRE

    Glandon, PJ; Jaremski, Matthew

    2012-01-01

    Temporary price reductions or “sales†have become increasingly important in the evolution of the price level. We present a model of repeated price competition to illustrate how entry causes incumbents to alternate between high and low prices. Using a six year panel of weekly observations from a grocery chain, we find that individual stores employ more sales as the distance to Wal-Mart falls. Moreover, the increase in the frequency of sales was concentrated on the most popular products, sug...

  18. Transferring PACE Assessments Upon Home Sale

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL); Coughlin, Jason; Fuller, Merrian; Zimring, Mark

    2010-04-12

    A significant barrier to investing in renewable energy and comprehensive energy efficiency improvements to homes across the country is the initial capital cost. Property Assessed Clean Energy (PACE) financing is one of several new financial models broadening access to clean energy by addressing this upfront cost issue. Recently, the White House cited PACE programs as an important element of its 'Recovery through Retrofit' plan. The residential PACE model involves the creation of a special clean energy financing district that homeowners elect to opt into. Once opted in, the local government (usually at the city or county level) finances the upfront investment of the renewable energy installation and/or energy efficiency improvements. A special lien is attached to the property and the assessment is paid back as a line item on the property tax bill. As of April 2010, 17 states have passed legislation to allow their local governments to create PACE programs, two already have the authority to set up PACE programs, and over 10 additional states are actively developing enabling legislation. This policy brief analyzes one of the advantages of PACE, which is the transferability of the special assessment from one homeowner to the next when the home is sold. This analysis focuses on the potential for the outstanding lien to impact the sales negotiation process, rather than the legal nature of the lien transfer itself. The goal of this paper is to consider what implications a PACE lien may have on the home sales negotiation process so that it can be addressed upfront rather than risk a future backlash to PACE programs. If PACE programs do expand at a rapid rate, the chances are high that there will be other cases where prospective buyers uses PACE liens to negotiate lower home prices or require repayment of the lien as a condition of sale. As a result, PACE programs should highlight this issue as a potential risk factor for the sake of full disclosure. A good example

  19. Atención médica de lesiones intencionales provocadas por la violencia familiar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Híjar-Medina Martha

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Describir y analizar las características de la demanda provocada por lesiones intencionales, en especial las provocadas por violencia familiar en los servicios de urgencias de hospitales públicos de la Ciudad de México. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: Se realizó un estudio transversal, en el cual se incluyeron variables relacionadas con el agresor, el agredido y con la atención médica. Se diseñó un cuestionario, que se aplicó durante los meses de enero a abril de 1998 en cuatro hospitales seleccionados. Se realizó un análisis con base en frecuencias simples, ji cuadrado, razón de momios con sus respectivos intervalos de confianza de 95%, y se aplicó modelo de regresión logística ajustado por las variables asociadas con este tipo de demanda. RESULTADOS: De los 598 casos que presentaron lesiones intencionales, 16% correspondió a violencia familiar. Los más afectados fueron el sexo femenino (76%, y jóvenes entre 15 y 29 años de edad (46%. Las variables que se encontraron asociadas con la demanda por lesiones provocadas por violencia familiar, en comparación con otro tipo de violencia, fueron: edad mayor de 30 años (RM 2.36, IC 95% 1.13-4.90, sexo femenino (RM 8.60, IC 95%/4.25-17.40 antecedentes de lesiones previas (RM 4.93, IC 95% 2.03-11.95, el hogar como lugar de ocurrencia (RM 36.25, IC 95% 16.598-79.18 y escolaridad primaria o menos (RM 2.33, IC 95% 1.03-5.26. CONCLUSIONES: Los resultados encontrados coinciden con reportes de otros estudios sobre el tema, y son de gran utilidad como antecedentes para la aplicación de la Norma Oficial Mexicana para la Atención Médica de la Violencia Familiar, que entró en vigencia en marzo de 2000.

  20. 41 CFR 102-38.80 - Which method of sale should we use?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Which method of sale should we use? 102-38.80 Section 102-38.80 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property... PROPERTY Sales Process Methods of Sale § 102-38.80 Which method of sale should we use? (a) You may use...

  1. 41 CFR 102-38.105 - Under what conditions may we negotiate sales of personal property?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... property when— (a) The personal property has an estimated fair market value that does not exceed $15,000... may we negotiate sales of personal property? 102-38.105 Section 102-38.105 Public Contracts and... REGULATION PERSONAL PROPERTY 38-SALE OF PERSONAL PROPERTY Sales Process Negotiated Sales § 102-38.105...

  2. The Personal Selling Ethics Scale: Revisions and Expansions for Teaching Sales Ethics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donoho, Casey; Heinze, Timothy

    2011-01-01

    The field of sales draws a large number of marketing graduates. Sales curricula used within today's marketing programs should include rigorous discussions of sales ethics. The Personal Selling Ethics Scale (PSE) provides an analytical tool for assessing and discussing students' ethical sales sensitivities. However, since the scale fails to address…

  3. 31 CFR 12.3 - Sale of tobacco products in vending machines prohibited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sale of tobacco products in vending machines prohibited. 12.3 Section 12.3 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury RESTRICTION OF SALE AND DISTRIBUTION OF TOBACCO PRODUCTS § 12.3 Sale of tobacco products in vending machines prohibited. The sale of...

  4. 41 CFR 102-75.900 - What is a negotiated sale for economic development purposes?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... sale for economic development purposes? 102-75.900 Section 102-75.900 Public Contracts and Property... negotiated sale for economic development purposes? A negotiated sale for economic development purposes means... community's economic benefit. This type of negotiated sale is acceptable where the expected public...

  5. 16 CFR 801.11 - Annual net sales and total assets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Annual net sales and total assets. 801.11... sales and total assets. (a) The annual net sales and total assets of a person shall include all net sales and all assets held, whether foreign or domestic, except as provided in paragraphs (d) and (e)...

  6. Using Sales Management Students to Manage Professional Selling Students in an Innovative Active Learning Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Joyce A.; Hawes, Jon M.

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes an application of active learning within two different courses: professional selling and sales management. Students assumed the roles of sales representatives and sales managers for an actual fund-raiser--a golf outing--sponsored by a student chapter of the American Marketing Association. The sales project encompassed an…

  7. 29 CFR 794.122 - Ascertainment of “annual” gross sales volume.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Ascertainment of âannualâ gross sales volume. 794.122... Annual Gross Volume of Sales § 794.122 Ascertainment of “annual” gross sales volume. The annual gross volume of sales of an enterprise engaged in the wholesale or bulk distribution of petroleum...

  8. Medicare Part B Drug Average Sales Pricing Files

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Manufacturer reporting of Average Sales Price (ASP) data - A manufacturers ASP must be calculated by the manufacturer every calendar quarter and submitted to CMS...

  9. After-sales service to manufactured goods on technological basis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Borchardt

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available This theoretical and exploratory paper aims to build a critical analysis on after-sales services, mainly regarded to manufactured goods on technological basis. The purpose of the research is to achieve some better understanding about the essential elements that are to be taken into account in conceiving such a service, after different approaches. After-sales service is a member of the service package and it can influence customer satisfaction. The studied issues can integrate policies to guiding firms in designing after-sales services. They are: definition of the service itself; strategic issues; the facilities and premises; and the operation management. We aim this theoretical research to be a pre-requisite to launch further empirical researches, mainly in the field of inter-organizational relationships. Key-words: service management; after-sales service; service operations; goods associated to services; inter-organizational relationships.

  10. 78 FR 23231 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-18

    .... The proposed sale of equipment and support will not negatively alter the basic military balance in the... (SAR), which creates high resolution radar ground maps. This radar also incorporates Non...

  11. 48 CFR 245.610-3 - Proceeds of sale.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Contractor Inventory 245.610-3 Proceeds of sale. (1) Unless otherwise provided in the contract, the proceeds... settlement agreement; (ii) Credited to the price or cost of the contract; (iii) Applied as otherwise...

  12. 78 FR 49482 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-14

    ... assistance, engineering and logistics support services, and other related elements of logistics support. (iv... contractor representatives' technical assistance, engineering and logistics support services, and other related elements of logistics support. The estimated cost is $885 million. This proposed sale...

  13. 77 FR 32599 - 36(b)(1) Arms Sales Notification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    ... Consideration for Purchase: provides the regeneration, overhaul, modifications, and logistics support of 4... engineering, technical, and logistics support services, and other related elements of logistics support. ] (iv... possible sale to provide the regeneration, overhaul, modifications, and logistics support of 4...

  14. New Housing and the Harmonized Sales Tax: Lessons from Ontario

    OpenAIRE

    Bev Dahlby; Michael Smart; Benjamin Dachis

    2009-01-01

    Ontario’s revised plan for the tax treatment of new housing under a Harmonized Sales Tax (HST) is a significant improvement over its original proposal in the 2009 Budget, with lower economic cost and less impact on homebuyers’ decisions.

  15. Sales promotion strategies and youth drinking in Australia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pettigrew, Simone; Biagioni, Nicole; Jones, Sandra C; Daube, Mike; Kirby, Gary; Stafford, Julia; Chikritzhs, Tanya

    2015-09-01

    This study employed an exploratory approach to generate detailed information about how in-store shopping experiences and exposure to sales promotion activities feature in the alcohol choices of Australian 18-21 year old drinkers. The qualitative methods of interviews, focus groups, and emailed narratives were used during 2014 to collect relevant data. The findings suggest that young drinkers' in-store shopping experiences and exposure to sales promotions influence the type, range, and quantity of alcohol purchased. In particular, the role of sales staff can be critical in increasing the amount of alcohol purchased by drawing drinkers' attention to and encouraging their participation in sales promotions. There thus appears to be an important interaction between promotional practices and young drinkers purchasing substantially larger quantities of alcohol than originally intended. Such practices need review in light of the high risk of alcohol-related harm experienced by many members of this age group. PMID:26262574

  16. Lexus Announces Official Sale Price of LFA Supercar in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    On December 15, 2009, Lexus China announced the official sale price of its high-performance, luxury two-seat supercar LFA in the Chinese Market. The suggested retail price is 5,988,000 yuan ($880,588).

  17. 7 CFR 1955.107 - Sale of FSA property (CONACT).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... (CONTINUED) PROGRAM REGULATIONS (CONTINUED) PROPERTY MANAGEMENT Disposal of Inventory Property Consolidated...,” will be posted in a prominent place in the county. Maximum publicity should be given to the sale...

  18. ABOUT DIRECT SALES IN THE WORLD, EUROPE AND ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CLAUDIA ISAC

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Direct sale represents a modern product distribution system directly to consumers, generally, directly to their homes, to their workplace or other places, beside retail shops. The best known type of direct sale, the Network Marketing or Multilevel Marketing implies the existence of a network of distributors which earn income from selling on commission, to which they add the trade markup. This paper is based upon the analysis of these types of sales starting with the study of specialized literature especially by foreign authors, mainly Americans, with the analysis of statistical data presented by several organizations such as SELDIA (The European Direct Selling Association, MLM International Romania, ACVD (Association of Direct Selling Companies in Romania, as well as the legal regulations within this field. In conclusion, the paper presents an interesting comparison of the sales and structure volume between the Europe and Romania.

  19. 75 FR 63419 - Surety Bond Guarantee Program; Timber Sales

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-15

    ...The Small Business Administration (SBA) proposes to amend its Surety Bond Guarantee Program rules to guarantee performance bonds for timber sale contracts awarded by the Federal Government or other public or private...

  20. 76 FR 9962 - Surety Bond Guarantee Program; Timber Sales

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-23

    ...The Small Business Administration (SBA) is issuing this final rule to amend its Surety Bond Guarantee Program rules to guarantee bid and performance bonds for timber sale contracts awarded by the Federal Government or other public and private...