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Sample records for af massage aromaterapi

  1. MICROWAVE ASSISTED HYDRODISTILLATION UNTUK EKSTRAKSI MINYAK ATSIRI DARI KULIT JERUK BALI SEBAGAI LILIN AROMATERAPI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Megawati -

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Ekstraksi minyak atsiri kulit jeruk bali dilakukan menggunakan metode Microwave Assisted Hydrodistillation dengan variasi daya (800, 600, 450, 300, dan 100 W dan massa bahan (150, 125, 100, 75,dan 50 g. Ektraksi dengan variasi daya dilakukan pada massa 150 g dan didapat daya optimum yaitu 600 W, sedangkan ekstraksi dengan variasi massa bahan dilakukan pada daya 600 W. Minyak atsiri yang diperoleh dianalisis densitas, kelarutan dalam alkohol 95% dan senyawa kimia minyak atsiri kulit jeruk bali menggunakan Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS dan minyak atsiri kulit jeruk bali yang didapat diaplikasikan untuk lilin aromaterapi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan semakin besar daya yang digunakan maka volum minyak yang dihasilkan semakin besar dan waktu ekstraksinya lebih cepat. Variasi massa bahan menunjukkan semakin besar massa bahan massa bahan yang digunakan maka volum minyak yang dihasilkan semakin besar. Densitas minyak atsiri kulit jeruk bali hasil penelitian yaitu 0,810 g/mL, larut pada alkohol 95% dengan perbandingan minyak-alkohol 1:6 dan terdapat tiga komponen senyawa kimia penyusun minyak atsiri kulit jeruk bali yaitu limonen (93,99%, β-pinene (3,20%, dan germakren-D (2,82%. Minyak atsiri kulit jeruk bali hasil ekstraksi yang diperoleh dapat diaplikasikan untuk lilin aromaterapi. Kata kunci: Kulit jeruk bali, lilin aromaterapi, microwave assisted hydrodistillation, minyak atsiri. Essential oils extracted from pomelo peel was performed using Microwave Assisted Hydrodistillation with variations of microwave oven power (800, 600, 450, 300, and 100 W and material mass (150, 125, 100, 75, and 50 g. The extraction with power variation was conducted with 150 g of material and the optimum extraction power was obtained at 600 W. Therefore material mass variation was conducted with microwave oven power of 600 W. The essential oils produced were analyzed for its density, solubility in alcohol of 95% v/v, and chemical composition. The chemical

  2. Massage Therapists

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of the body Provide clients with guidance on stretching, strengthening, overall relaxation, and how to improve their ... of settings, such as spas, franchised clinics, physicians’ offices, hotels, and fitness centers. Some massage therapists also ...

  3. Perineal massage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Duarte González

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Most women want to give birth without perineal tears, cuts or sutures, because these often cause back pain and discomfort and may have a negative impact on sexual functioning. It is suggested that perineal massage during the last month of pregnancy as a possible way of allowing the perineal tissue to expand more easily during birth. Perineal massage, which makes the woman or her partner (for only one or two times a week from 35 weeks reduces the likelihood of perineal trauma (mainly episiotomies and perineal pain during and after birth.The FAME (Federation of Associations for Midwives in Spain recognizes that perineal massage during pregnancy reduces perineal trauma (episiotomy and tears during childbirth.

  4. Perineal Massage in Pregnancy

    Science.gov (United States)

    PERINEAL MASSAGE IN PREGNANCY S HARE W ITH W OMEN PERINEAL MASSAGE IN PREGNANCY What Is My “Perineum”? Your perineum ... research studies. Several studies have found that perineal massage during the last weeks of pregnancy can reduce ...

  5. Find a Massage Therapist

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... for Members Student Experience AMTA News Find a Massage Therapist » Browse by location » Browse by technique » Find ... massage therapy school Proprietary Information and Legal Notice Massage is Good Medicine A growing body of research ...

  6. Aromaterapie jako součást relaxačních technik

    OpenAIRE

    VANDLÍČKOVÁ, Karolína

    2014-01-01

    This bachelor thesis focuses on aromatherapy as a part of relaxation technique. Theoretical part discusses the field of relaxation and regeneration. Subsequently it describes characteristics of aromatherapy, its history and its importance to humans. Further I addressed the topic of vegetal and essential oils, that are crucial part of aromatherapy and relaxation massages. Practical part describes the whole process of enquiry that used standardized POMS survey questionnaire. Research sample con...

  7. Pregnancy and labor massage

    OpenAIRE

    Field, Tiffany

    2010-01-01

    Massage therapy has been demonstrated to be effective during pregnancy. Women who received massage therapy reported decreased depression, anxiety, and leg and back pain. Cortisol levels decreased and, in turn, excessive fetal activity decreased, and the rate of prematurity was lower in the massage group. In a study of labor pain, women who received massage therapy experienced significantly less pain, and their labors were on average 3 h shorter with less need for medication. An underlying mec...

  8. Massage therapy research review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Field, Tiffany

    2016-08-01

    In this review, massage therapy has been shown to have beneficial effects on varying conditions including prenatal depression, preterm infants, full-term infants, autism, skin conditions, pain syndromes including arthritis and fibromyalgia, hypertension, autoimmune conditions including asthma and multiple sclerosis, immune conditions including HIV and breast cancer and aging problems including Parkinson's and dementia. Although many of the studies have involved comparisons between massage therapy and standard treatment control groups, several have compared different forms of massage (e.g. Swedish versus Thai massage), and different active therapies such as massage versus exercise. Typically, the massage therapy groups have experienced more positive effects than the control or comparison groups. This may relate to the massage therapy providing more stimulation of pressure receptors, in turn enhancing vagal activity and reducing cortisol levels. Some of the researchers have assessed physical, physiological and biochemical effects, although most have relied exclusively on self-report measures. Despite these methodological problems and the dearth of research from the U.S., the massage therapy profession has grown significantly and massage therapy is increasingly practiced in traditional medical settings, highlighting the need for more rigorous research.

  9. Stress Management: Massage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Healthy Lifestyle Stress management Massage can be a powerful tool to help you take charge of your health and well-being. See if ... article: http://www.mayoclinic.org/healthy-lifestyle/stress-management/in-depth/massage/art-20045743 . Mayo Clinic Footer ...

  10. Massage Therapy Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Field, Tiffany; Diego, Miguel; Hernandez-Reif, Maria

    2007-01-01

    Massage therapy has been notably effective in preventing prematurity, enhancing growth of infants, increasing attentiveness, decreasing depression and aggression, alleviating motor problems, reducing pain, and enhancing immune function. This review covers massage therapy research from the last decade, as an update to the American Psychologist 1998…

  11. Touch massage, a rewarding experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindgren, Lenita; Jacobsson, Maritha; Lämås, Kristina

    2014-12-01

    This study aims to describe and analyze healthy individuals' expressed experiences of touch massage (TM). Fifteen healthy participants received whole body touch massage during 60 minutes for two separate occasions. Interviews were analyzed by narrative analysis. Four identifiable storyline was found, Touch massage as an essential need, in this storyline the participants talked about a desire and need for human touch and TM. Another storyline was about, Touch massage as a pleasurable experience and the participants talked about the pleasure of having had TM. In the third storyline Touch massage as a dynamic experience, the informants talked about things that could modulate the experience of receiving TM. In the last storyline, Touch massage influences self-awareness, the participants described how TM affected some of their psychological and physical experiences. Experiences of touch massage was in general described as pleasant sensations and the different storylines could be seen in the light of rewarding experiences.

  12. Massage therapy for fibromyalgia symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalichman, Leonid

    2010-07-01

    Massage therapy is widely used by patients with fibromyalgia seeking symptom relief. We performed a review of all available studies with an emphasis on randomized controlled trials to determine whether massage therapy can be a viable treatment of fibromyalgia symptoms. Extensive narrative review. PubMed, PsychInfo, CINAHL, PEDro, ISI Web of Science, and Google Scholar databases (inception-December 2009) were searched for the key words "massage", "massotherapy", "self-massage", "soft tissue manipulation", "soft tissue mobilization", "complementary medicine", "fibromyalgia" "fibrositis", and "myofascial pain". No language restrictions were imposed. The reference lists of all articles retrieved in full were also searched. The effects of massage on fibromyalgia symptoms have been examined in two single-arm studies and six randomized controlled trials. All reviewed studies showed short-term benefits of massage, and only one single-arm study demonstrated long-term benefits. All reviewed studies had methodological problems. The existing literature provides modest support for use of massage therapy in treating fibromyalgia. Additional rigorous research is needed in order to establish massage therapy as a safe and effective intervention for fibromyalgia. In massage therapy of fibromyalgia, we suggest that massage will be painless, its intensity should be increased gradually from session to session, in accordance with patient's symptoms; and the sessions should be performed at least 1-2 times a week.

  13. Infant Massage: Understand This Soothing Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Understand when and how to give an infant massage. By Mayo Clinic Staff Infant massage is a way for you to gently nurture ... Find out about the possible benefits of infant massage and know how to get started. Research suggests ...

  14. Massage therapy and reflexology awareness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackey, B T

    2001-03-01

    Massage therapy and reflexology are manual therapeutic approaches used to facilitate healing and health and can be used by nurses in almost any setting. Information about massage therapy and reflexology is shared for the purpose of creating awareness about healing modalities and encouraging the use of basic techniques of these manual therapies. A review of a case study illustrates the safe and effective use of massage therapy and reflexology and familiarizes the nurse with the components of assessment and hands-on practice. Holistic nursing principles related to massage therapy and reflexology are woven throughout the text.

  15. LCA af genbrug af mursten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Jacob; Damgaard, Anders; Astrup, Thomas Fruergaard

    Der er gennemført en livscyklusbaseret miljøvurdering af genbrug af mursten. Modelleringen er baseret på, hvordan Virksomheden ”Gamle Mursten” forbereder de gamle mursten med henblik på, at de kan genbruges i nybyggeri. Som alternativ til direkte genbrug nedknuses murstensaffaldet og anvendes som...

  16. Questions for Your Prospective Massage Therapist

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Conditions Sports Massage Self-care for Massage Therapists Ethics Research Business Master the Classroom for Massage Educators Career Guidance ... in the Know » The Latest News Massage Therapy Journal Hands On for ... (AMTA)? AMTA members commit to the AMTA Code of Ethics and must meet all state and/or local ...

  17. Massage Therapy in Iranian Traditional Medicine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir-Mohammad Jaladat

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Massage training and how the body is influenced by massage are common issues which are seriously under study and discussion in Iranian traditional medicine. Iranian physicians considered motion and massage as major principles of health maintenance.In this study, we examined the available literature of traditional medicine to evaluate location, purpose and use of massage therapy in Iranian medicine in comparison with other popular conventional styles.The aim of Iranian massage is to regulate the core body temperature and aid to eliminate the waste products from the body. This type of massage is divided into five categories including solid, soft, moderate, great and aggressive, based on the intensity, speed, duration and techniques of massage.Iranian physicians proposed general body massage or massage of a particular area based on subjective complaints. They recommended specific massages in particular groups including children, pregnant women, the elderly and athletes. In some cases, the effects of these recommendations have been studied in clinical trials.Conclusion: It seems that the major difference between Iranian massage and other styles of massage is special attention of Iranian massage to the individual circumstances, and the cause of the problem rather than technique of the massage.

  18. A Descriptive Study of the Practice Patterns of Massage New Zealand Massage Therapists

    OpenAIRE

    Smith, Joanna M.; Sullivan, S John; Baxter, G David

    2011-01-01

    Background: Massage therapy has grown in popularity, yet little is known globally or in New Zealand about massage therapists and their practices. Purpose and Setting: The aims of this study were to describe the practice patterns of trained Massage New Zealand massage therapists in New Zealand private practice, with regard to therapist characteristics; practice modes and settings, and therapy characteristics; referral patterns; and massage therapy as an occupation. Research Design and Particip...

  19. Bulimic Adolescents Benefit from Massage Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Field, Tiffany; Schanberg, Saul; Kuhn, Cynthia; Field, Tory; Fierro, Karen; Henteleff, Tanja; Mueller, Cynthia; Yando, Regina; Shaw, Seana; Burman, Iris

    1998-01-01

    Female bulimic inpatients (N=24) were randomly assigned to massage therapy or standard treatment group. Massaged patients showed immediate reductions in anxiety and depression; additional improvements were noted by the last day of therapy. Massage therapy is shown to be effective as an adjunct treatment for bulimia. (Author/EMK)

  20. Integrating Research Competencies in Massage Therapy Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hymel, Glenn M.

    The massage therapy profession is currently engaged in a competency-based education movement that includes an emphasis on promoting massage therapy research competencies (MTRCs). A systems-based model for integrating MTRCs into massage therapy education was therefore proposed. The model and an accompanying checklist describe an approach to…

  1. Restaurering af Skjern Å

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jessen, K.; Boysen Larsen, B.; Bundgaard, P.;

    Denne rapport indeholder resultaterne af den natur- og miljøovervågning, der blev iværksat som en del af naturgenopretningen af Skjern Å 1999-2002. Ved projektet ophørte den kunstige afvanding af den vestlige del af Skjern Å dalen. Størstedelen af de dyrkede arealer ændredes til ekstensive græsni...

  2. Touch and Massage for Medically Fragile Infants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen Livingston

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Research investigating the efficacy of infant massage has largely focused on premature and low birth weight infants. The majority of investigations have neglected highly acute patients in academic neonatal intensive care units (NICUs. The current study was developed with two aims: (Phase 1 to develop, implement and demonstrate the feasibility and safety of a parent-trained compassionate touch/massage program for infants with complex medical conditions and (Phase 2 to conduct a longitudinal randomized control trial (RCT of hand containment/massage versus standard of care in a level III academic Center for Newborn and Infant Critical Care (CNICC. Certified infant massage instructors (CIMIs taught parents to massage their hospitalized infants. Massage therapy and instruction were performed for seven consecutive days and health outcomes were collected for up to 1 month following treatment. Caregivers, nurses and certified infant massage therapists indicated moderate to high levels of satisfaction and feasibility with the implementation of hand containment/massage in a level III academic center CNICC. In addition, infant behavioral and physiological measures were within safe limits during the massage sessions. All caregivers participating in the massage group reported high levels of satisfaction 7 days into the intervention and at the 1-month follow-up with regards to their relationship with their infant, the massage program's impact on that relationship and the massage program. Due to unequal and small sample sizes, between group analyses (control versus massage were not conducted. Descriptive infant characteristics of health outcomes are described. Preliminary data from this study indicates feasibility and safety of infant massage and satisfaction among the caregivers, CIMIs and the nurses in the CNICC. An important contribution from this study was the demonstration of the infants' safety based on physiological stability and no change in agitation

  3. Internationalisering af servicedesign

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henten, Anders

    Rapporten omhandler internationaliseringen af designvirksomhede med special fokus på servicedesign.......Rapporten omhandler internationaliseringen af designvirksomhede med special fokus på servicedesign....

  4. Massage for Infantile Colic: Review and Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hamidreza Bahrami

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Background Infantile colic is a painful phase in the first months of infancy but no safe and effective conventional treatment exists. Massage is used in traditional medicine as a control and treatment method for infantile colic. The aim of this study is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of massage in the control and treatment of infantile colic. Materials and Methods We searched international database such as PubMed, EMBASE, Cochrane library, and Iranian databases such as SID, Magiran, Iranmedex using a searching strategy with key words "Infantile colic", "Massage", "Complementary of Alternative Medicine" during 2000 to 2015. Analysis of data extraction and quality evaluation of the literature were performed independently by two investigators. Results Most articles provides the strongest evidence for benefits of massage in stress, anxiety reduction, pain control, cancer, skin disease, weight gain, sleep, promote growth, development in premature infants, neuromuscular and gastrointestinal disease such as infantile colic. The infantile colic massage helps relax the gastrointestinal tract and good digestion.   Conclusion Our findings demonstrated that pediatric massage therapy is effective in the treatment of infantile colic.  Compared to other possible treatments for colic, massage is a safe and enjoyable procedure; the risk of serious adverse effects is low. The pediatrician should feel comfortable discussing massage therapy with patients and be able to refer patients to a qualified massage therapist as appropriate.

  5. Undervisning af tosprogede elever

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Horst, Christian

    2003-01-01

    Artiklen fremdrager hovedresultaterne fra Virginia P. Collier's og Wayne P. Thomas's længdeundersøgelser af tosprogede elever i USA, som formentlig er de mest omfattende undersøgelser af undervisningen af tosprogede elever overhovedet. Resultaterne diskuteres i relation til udviklingen af en...

  6. Lyden-af-Leg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft, Herdis

    Præsentation af seniorforsker-projekt Lyden-af-Leg i et traderingsperspektiv og med indledende fokus på YouTube som traderings-platform.......Præsentation af seniorforsker-projekt Lyden-af-Leg i et traderingsperspektiv og med indledende fokus på YouTube som traderings-platform....

  7. Om distributionen af hvidhed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frello, Birgitta

    2007-01-01

    Med udgangspunkt i John Fords Western, Forfølgeren fra 1956, præsenteres en analyse af repræsentationer af race og overskridelse af raceskel, særligt i relation til konstitueringen af subjektpositioner, hvorfra spørgsmål om hvidhed og ikke-hvidhed kan afgøres....

  8. Aggressive Adolescents Benefit from Massage Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diego, Miguel A.; Field, Tiffany; Hernandez-Reif, Maria; Shaw, Jon A.; Rothe, Eugenio M.; Castellanos, Daniel; Mesner, Linda

    2002-01-01

    Seventeen aggressive adolescents were assigned to a massage therapy group or a relaxation therapy group to receive 20-minute therapy sessions, twice a week for five weeks. The massaged adolescents had lower anxiety after the first and last sessions. By the end of the study, they also reported feeling less hostile and they were perceived by their…

  9. Lyden af musik - er lyden af idealisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Eigtved, Michael

    2015-01-01

    Programartiklen til Det Ny Teaters opsætning af Rodgers & Hammersteins The Sound of Music, undersøger musicalgenrens - og især de konkrete ophavsmænds- affinitet til fremstillingen af såvel idealistiske som ideologiske universer.......Programartiklen til Det Ny Teaters opsætning af Rodgers & Hammersteins The Sound of Music, undersøger musicalgenrens - og især de konkrete ophavsmænds- affinitet til fremstillingen af såvel idealistiske som ideologiske universer....

  10. Skoling af lyst

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerg, Helle

    2011-01-01

    På baggrund af interview med tre elevgenerationer fremanalyseres skolens virkningsfuldhed i skoling af lyst i et historisk perspektiv. I afhandlingen udvikles to teoretisk-analytiske optikker: Skolen som ideologisk rum - med inspiration fra Slavoj Zizeks ideologikritik, samt Skolen som affektivt...

  11. Bliv fan af AUB

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Karsten Kryger

    2010-01-01

    Kort gennemgang af hvad det har betydet for Aalborg Universitetsbibliotek (AUB) at gå på Facebook.......Kort gennemgang af hvad det har betydet for Aalborg Universitetsbibliotek (AUB) at gå på Facebook....

  12. Sociale konsekvenser af byfornyelsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Hans Skifter; Ærø, Thorkild

    byfornyede boliger. Kun meget få flytter dog som følge af byfornyelsen, men af andre grunde. I perioden efter byfornyelsen er der imidlertid en del beboere som vælger at flytte på grund af stigende huslejer. Byfornyelsen betyder, at beboersammensætningen ændres i retning af flere i beskæftigelse med høj...

  13. En verden af medier

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tække, Jesper

    2009-01-01

    Bogen: 'En verden af medier – Medialiseringen af politik, sprog, religion og leg' anmeldes. Anmeldelsen kan læses på: http://ojs.statsbiblioteket.dk/index.php/mediekultur/article/view/1370/1499 Udgivelsesdato: 2009......Bogen: 'En verden af medier – Medialiseringen af politik, sprog, religion og leg' anmeldes. Anmeldelsen kan læses på: http://ojs.statsbiblioteket.dk/index.php/mediekultur/article/view/1370/1499 Udgivelsesdato: 2009...

  14. Udformning af en forskningsprotokol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ridder, Hanne Mette Ochsner; Ottesen, Aase Marie

    2008-01-01

    Nogle demenssygdomme rammer især de forreste dele af hjernen, hvilket hos den enkelte person kan medføre svære psykiatriske symptomer. Der findes ingen specifik behandling af grundsygdommene for disse frontotemporaledemenstilstande, og symptomatisk medikamentel behandling af de psykiatriske sympt...

  15. Billeder af verdens svovl

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Samson, Kristine

    2014-01-01

    Film- og billedmediet har en særlig plads i skildringen af vores samfund og økonomi. Produktionen i de vestlige samfund består i dag primært af tegn, symboler, billeder og begær, mens de forgangne tiders maskinelle og, ikke mindst, manuelle bearbejdning af materialer – det vi stadigvæk umiddelbar...

  16. Ensretning af historieundervisningen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rønhede, Søren

    2008-01-01

    "Det er ikke kun i Putins Rusland, at statsmagten vil dirigere historieundervisningen." (Politiken havde fokuseret på "ensretning af historieundervisningen" i Rusland) "Kanonen fra 2006 er undfanget af Udvalget til Styrkelse af Historie i Folkeskolen. Dette udvalg havde regeringen nedsat; men...

  17. Forankring af skolemadsordninger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brinck, Nenna Maria; Kristensen, Niels Heine; Hansen, Mette Weinreich

    Denne rapport præsenterer resultaterne af de undersøgelser, der er gennemført i delprojekt 4 i EVIUS evalueringen. Fokus i dette delprojekt er forankringen af skolemadsordningerne. Af undersøgelsen fremgår det, at støtteordningen har virket bedst på skoler, hvor skolelederen har inddraget elever,...

  18. Digital formidling af kulturarv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    En af tidens store kulturelle dagsordner drejer sig om digital tilgængeliggørelse af kulturarv. Fortidens spor dukker op i nye former på nettet - næsten alle kulturinstitutioner arbejder med, og befolkningen har fået helt nye muligheder for at se med og deltage. Digital formidling af kulturarv...

  19. AFS Monitoring The CERN AFS Console

    CERN Document Server

    CERN. Geneva

    2008-01-01

    CERN's AFS installation serves between 1 and 2 billion accesses per day to its around 20'000 users. Keeping track of the system's overall status and trying to find problems before the users do is not a trivial task, esp. as the installation is growing in almost all aspects. This talk will present CERN's AFS Console, a Lemon- and web-based monitoring tool used by the AFS administrators at CERN to quickly identify problematic entities (servers, partitions, volumes etc.) and to assist them in solving the issues found.

  20. Prekarisering af arbejdsmarkedet

    OpenAIRE

    Sebelin, Randa; Søndergaard Krogh, Niels; Olesen Dørup, Marie; Nielsen, Emil; Westerbye, Nanna

    2005-01-01

    Rapporten redegør for konsekvenserne af fleksibiliseringen af arbejdslivet for den enkelte ansatte. Med et fokus på prekære/løse ansættelser gennemgås først sociologisk teori af bl.a. Ulrich Beck, Oskar Negt og Richard Sennett, som alle fremhæver de negative sider af en løs tilknytning til arbejdsmarkedet. Den danske arbejdsmarkedsmodel og flexicurity-modellen drages ind som baggrundsviden for en vigtig forståelse af den høje tillid til forhandlingsproces frem for lovgivning vi...

  1. Effect of aromatherapy massage on dysmenorrhea in Turkish students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apay, Serap Ejder; Arslan, Sevban; Akpinar, Reva Balci; Celebioglu, Ayda

    2012-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of aromatherapy massage on dysmenorrhea. The study used a quasiexperimental design with the subjects as their own control. Every participant applied both aromatherapy massage with lavender oil and placebo massage with odorless liquid petrolatum [soft paraffin]. The population comprised 438 midwifery and nursing students. The 150 students who had declared that they had suffered from dysmenorrhea used a visual analog scale to indicate their level of pain. Higher scores reflected a greater severity of dysmenorrhea. Forty-four students volunteered to participate in the study. When the lavender massage and the placebo massage were compared, the visual analog scale score of the lavender massage was found to decrease at a statistically significant rate. This study showed that massage was effective in reducing dysmenorrhea. In addition, this study showed that the effect of aromatherapy massage on pain was higher than that of placebo massage.

  2. ARCgame - gamification af undervisning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Camilla Gyldendahl

    2014-01-01

    Gamification er et begreb, der anvendes til at beskrive brugen af spilelementer i andre miljøer for at forbedre brugernes oplevelse. Følgende tekst har til formål at behandle emnet i forhold til af opnå en forståelse for de elementer der indvirker på en ”gamification af et undervisningsforløb”, her...

  3. Installation af opvaskemaskine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, J.; Skibstrup Eriksen, S.; Nielsen, F.

    Denne SBI-anvisning er et led i en serie om modernisering af installationerne i den ældre boligmasse. Den henvender sig til både beboere, husejere, VVS-installatører og andre interesserede. Anvisningen indeholder almene afsnit om valg og placering af opvaskemaskine, sagsforløb ved installation......, forhold til myndigheder, priser, finansieringsmuligheder m.m. Anvisningen indeholder endvidere tekniske afsnit om vandinstallation, afløb og elinstallation i forbindelse med installation af opvaskemaskine....

  4. Analytiske beregninger af induktionsvarme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henningsen, Poul

    Ved opvarmning af et emne ved hjælp af induktion, placeres emnet i en spole. Spolen påføres en vekselstrøm og der induceres en sekundær strøm langs emnets overflade. Dybden af det strømførende lag i emnet afhænger af den på spolens påtrykte strømfrekvens. Ved høje frekvenser løber strømmen i et t...

  5. Bestyrer af egen ro

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søndergård, Birger; L. Friis, Klaus

    2000-01-01

    Evnen til at håndtere en indre uro synes at være blevet en væsentlig egenskab i forhold til udviklingen af vort samfund og de hastige brud i kontinuiteten af et liv, der leves. arbejdsforhold. stress. arbejdsmiljø. arbejdsliv......Evnen til at håndtere en indre uro synes at være blevet en væsentlig egenskab i forhold til udviklingen af vort samfund og de hastige brud i kontinuiteten af et liv, der leves. arbejdsforhold. stress. arbejdsmiljø. arbejdsliv...

  6. Ledelse af Organisationens Kreativitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hedemann, Lars

    2008-01-01

    forskel, så er man som leder nødt til at arbejde mere målrettet med de medarbejdere som forventes at præstere et kreativt udbytte. Inspireret af analyseværktøjet "KEYS, Assessing the Work Environment for Creativity" udviklet af den amerikanske psykolog og ledelsesforsker ved Harvard University, Teresa...... Amabile, blev en undersøgelse derfor gennemført i udviklingsafdelingerne, Idéland og Idélab hos Bang og Olufsen, for at få et indblik i anvendeligheden af KEYS som inspirationskilde for succesfuld ledelse af organisationens kreativitet....

  7. Konstruktion af transducer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Lars; Nielsen, Martin Pram

    Formålet med dette midtvejsprojekt er at udarbejde en transducer til måling af pressers stivhed. Dette er gjort på baggrund af en gennemgang af både presse- og stativ-typer samtidig med at udbøjningssituationen beskrives. Der introduceres en ide, der udgør grundkonceptet for opmålingsproceduren o...... færdige transducer – Load cellen. Strain gauge sørger for dataopsamlingen fra load cellen. Disse kalibreres således at transduceren er klar til de videre målinger der ligger i forlængelse af dette projekt....

  8. [Application of massage therapy in premature infant nursing care].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Shu-Min; Sung, Huei-Chuan

    2007-02-01

    Massage therapy has been used in the care of premature infants for many years in western countries, and a significant body of research has already shown the effectiveness of massage therapy in significantly increasing body weight, decreasing infant hospital durations, enhancing bone formation, and improving behavior. Key considerations when applying massage therapy on premature infants include gestational age, bodyweight, and physical condition. Nurses can teach parents to administer massage therapy on their premature infants to enhance parent-child attachment and interaction. This article introduces massage therapy principles and methods, the effectiveness of massage therapy in premature infant care, and an approach to teaching parents how to apply massage therapy on their premature infants. Massage therapy can be included in premature infant care programs in the future.

  9. Sleep Problems in Infants Decrease following Massage Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Field, Tiffany; Hernandez-Reif, Maria

    2001-01-01

    Examined the effectiveness of pre-bedtime massages for infants and toddlers with sleep onset problems. Found that, compared to bedtime stories, massages produced fewer sleep delays and a shortened latency to sleep onset. (Author/DLH)

  10. Anxiolytic Effect of Aromatherapy Massage in Patients with Breast Cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Jiro Imanishi; Hiroko Kuriyama; Ichiro Shigemori; Satoko Watanabe; Yuka Aihara; Masakazu Kita; Kiyoshi Sawai; Hiroo Nakajima; Noriko Yoshida; Masahiro Kunisawa; Masanori Kawase; Kenji Fukui

    2009-01-01

    We examined how aromatherapy massage influenced psychologic and immunologic parameters in 12 breast cancer patients in an open semi-comparative trial. We compared the results 1 month before aromatherapy massage as a waiting control period with those during aromatherapy massage treatment and 1 month after the completion of aromatherapy sessions. The patients received a 30 min aromatherapy massage twice a week for 4 weeks (eight times in total). The results showed that anxiety was reduced in on...

  11. Temperature Increases in Preterm Infants During Massage Therapy

    OpenAIRE

    Diego, Miguel A.; Field, Tiffany; Hernandez-Reif, Maria

    2007-01-01

    Temperature was assessed in 72 preterm infants randomly assigned to a control or a massage therapy group. A greater increase in temperature was noted for preterm infants receiving massage therapy versus a control group, even though the incubator portholes remained open during the 15-minute massage therapy session but not for the control group over an equivalent time period.

  12. Preschool Children's Sleep and Wake Behavior: Effects of Massage Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Field, Tiffany; And Others

    1996-01-01

    Preschool children received twice-weekly massages for five weeks. Compared to control children, the massaged children had better behavior ratings on mood state, vocalization, activity, and cooperation following massage on day one and throughout the study. Teachers rated their behavior more optimally, and their parents rated them as having less…

  13. Dalak (Massage in Unani Medicine: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamal Ahmed

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Regimental therapies are mostly non medicinal procedures for health promotion in Unani system of medicine. Several regimens have been used by Unani physicians since ancient time, among which Dalak (massage is the most common and widely practiced regimen that is used for restorative, preventive as well as for therapeutic purposes. Massage which has been used in almost all the civilizations in the history, evidence of this is present in several manuscripts. According to Hippocrates (460 BC–370 BC, the father of medicine, massage, balanced diet, exercise, rest and fresh air are essential to maintain health of a person. According to Ibne Rushd, massage is a type of exercise used for removal of toxins or waste metabolites from the body. In Unani medicine, Dalak is one of the very important regimes among the procedures of Ilaj Bil-Tadbeer (Regimental therapy for neurological and musculoskeletal disorders. A number of Unani physicians recommended Dalak as preventive as well as curative measure. Historical background of Dalak, timing, duration, its types and importance, mechanism of action, recent scientific reports and the disorders in which massage can be used have been discussed in this paper.

  14. Immunological and Psychological Benefits of Aromatherapy Massage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hiroko Kuriyama

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available This preliminary investigation compares peripheral blood cell counts including red blood cells (RBCs, white blood cells (WBCs, neutrophils, peripheral blood lymphocytes (PBLs, CD4+, CD8+ and CD16+ lymphocytes, CD4+/CD8+ ratio, hematocrit, humoral parameters including serum interferon-γ and interleukin-6, salivary secretory immunoglobulin A (IgA. Psychological measures including the State–Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI questionnaire and the Self-rating Depression Scale (SDS between recipients (n = 11 of carrier oil massage and aromatherapy massage, which includes sweet almond oil, lavender oil, cypress oil and sweet marjoram oil. Though both STAI and SDS showed a significant reduction (P 0.05 increase in PBLs, possibly due to an increase in CD8+ and CD16+ lymphocytes, which had significantly increased post-treatment (P < 0.01. Consequently, the CD4+/CD8+ ratio decreased significantly (P < 0.01. The paucity of such differences after carrier oil massage suggests that aromatherapy massage could be beneficial in disease states that require augmentation of CD8+ lymphocytes. While this study identifies the immunological benefits of aromatherapy massage, there is a need to validate the findings prospectively in a larger cohort of patients.

  15. Midtvejsevaluering af EGA handlingsplanen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Niels; Hasle, Peter; Christiansen, Jørgen Møller

    Center for Alternativ Samfundsanalyse (CASA) og Institut for Teknologi og Samfund ved Danmarks Tekniske Universitet har gennemført denne midtvejsevaluering af arbejdsmarkedets parters handlingsplan mod reduktion af ensidigt gentaget arbejde. Undersøgelsen viser, at der er sket en betydelig...

  16. Kvalitetsvurdering af sundhedsoplysende materiale

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Osler, Merete; Bech, Lars; Sybille, Bojlén;

    1990-01-01

    Lægeforeningens Hygiejnekomités arbejdsgruppe vedrørende sundhedsoplysning har udarbejdet en "huskeliste" til brug for en kvalitetsvurdering af skriftligt sundhedsoplysende materiale......Lægeforeningens Hygiejnekomités arbejdsgruppe vedrørende sundhedsoplysning har udarbejdet en "huskeliste" til brug for en kvalitetsvurdering af skriftligt sundhedsoplysende materiale...

  17. Coaching af dit studieliv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Rasmus Thorning

    2008-01-01

    En generel beskrivelse af de problemer specialestuderende sidder med og hvorledes coaching kan hjælpe med at (gen)skabe motivation og fokus......En generel beskrivelse af de problemer specialestuderende sidder med og hvorledes coaching kan hjælpe med at (gen)skabe motivation og fokus...

  18. Hvordan integration af it?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft, Herdis

    2008-01-01

    Bourdieu-perspektiv og en analyse af data fra museums- og skoleprojektet Din egen historie på nettet vises det, hvordan børnene opbygger en legehabitus, det vil sige aktivt tilegner sig og anvender færdigheder i brug af æstetiske teknikker, som er formler, de kan improvisere frit over. Kendskab til formler...

  19. Kvalitetssikring af pressvejseprocessen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Mogens H.

    Det oprindelige formål med dette arbejde var udvikling af procesovervågning til pressvejsning ved en udvalgt hovedgeometri. Hovedgeometrien, ring/rør geometrien i materialekombinationerne stålring til tinbronzerør, blev valgt efter en forundersøgelse. På baggrund af et litteraturstudie samt indle...

  20. Administration af informationsmodeller

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hundebøl, Jesper

    2013-01-01

    En informationsmodel er i denne sammenhæng en digital repræsentation af et givent byggeri. Både offentlige og private bygherrer anvender informationsmodeller, når der 'bygges digitalt'. I denne artikel undersøges det, hvilke konkrete udfordringer der følger af digitaliseringen, hvor gennemgribend...

  1. Evaluering af VIFT

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Michael Svendsen

    Denne rapport indeholder en ekstern evaluering af aktiviteter i VIFT, Videncenter for bedre undervisning af tosprogede elever, der er etableret som et samarbejde mellem Videncenter for tosprogethed & interkulturalitet (UC2) ved Professionshøjskolen København (UCC), tidligere CVU København & Nords...

  2. Raman af hvide pigmenter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reeler, Nini Elisabeth Abildgaard; Nielsen, Ole Faurskov; Sauer, Stephan P. A.;

    2013-01-01

    Et samspil mellem kunst og kemi. I et samarbejde mellem Statens Museum for Kunst og Kemisk Institut på KU er Ramanspek-troskopi brugt til at definere sammensætningen af blandinger af blyhvidt og calcit i maleriers hvide pigmenter....

  3. Kuratering af Samtidskunst

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuratering af Samtidskunst er den første bogudgivelse i Danmark, der fokuserer på kuratering som fag og praksis. Kuratering spiller en stadig større rolle i samtidskunsten. Bogen er en introduktion til skiftende forståelser af udstillings- og kuratorpraksisser og deres udfordringer, indkredset ge...

  4. Ud af guldrammerne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munch, Anders V.

    2006-01-01

    Diskussion af den internationale indflydelse på dansk symbolisme og skønvirke med udgangspunkt i Johan Rohdes rejsejournaler og Emil Hannovers anmeldelser af internationale udstillinger og udgivelser. Særligt fokus er Gesamtkunstwerk-tanken som baggrund for at koble kunst og kunsthåndværk....

  5. Behandlingseffekt af Digital Dermatitis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krogh, Kenneth; Thomsen, Peter

    2008-01-01

    af klovlidelser herunder især Digital Dermatitis. Klovregistreringerne viser, at der er stor dynamik og mange nyinfektioner af Digital Dermatitis svarende til problematikken ved mastitis. Behandlingseffekten ved Digital Dermatitis er høj (omkring 90 %) ved den udførte behandling. Behandlingen bestod...

  6. Anvendelse af genmodificerede planter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, F.

    I rapporten vurderes mulighederne for at gennemføre velfærdsøkonomiske analyser af anvendelsen af genmodificerede planter. Der gøres rede for kravene til konse-kvensbeskrivelsen og for mulighederne for at prissætte såvel de markedsrelaterede som de ikke-markedsrelaterede konsekvenser. Mulighederne...

  7. Dialektisk billede af Benjamin

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bøggild, Jacob

    2004-01-01

    Anmeldelse af Lars Brückner: "Løse blade. Læseren, kritikeren og fortælleren Walter Benjamin"......Anmeldelse af Lars Brückner: "Løse blade. Læseren, kritikeren og fortælleren Walter Benjamin"...

  8. Indsattes organisering af selvforplejning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjær Minke, Linda

    2012-01-01

    organiserer sig i madgrupper. Dette dels af økonomiske og praktiske hensyn, men madgrupperne fungerer også som mulighedsrum til fremvisning af forskellige former for kapital, positionering og magt. Madgrupperne har derfor både økonomiske og sociale formål og har betydning for indsattes strategier i...

  9. Implementering af evidensbaseret praksis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scheel, Linda Schumann; Tewes, Marianne; Petersen, Preben Ulrich

    2015-01-01

    Projektet omhandler implementering af den kliniske retningslinje om identifikation, forebyggelse og behandling af delirium – i denne sammenhæng relateret til hjertepatienter. Projektet foregår på to hospitaler i Hjertecentret på Rigshospitalet, et intensivt afsnit og et sengeafsnit, i tæt...

  10. Implementering af evidensbaseret praksis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Scheel, Linda Schumann; Hansen, Ida Rode

    2014-01-01

    Projektet omhandler implementering af den kliniske retningslinje om identifikation, forebyggelse og behandling af delirium – i denne sammenhæng relateret til hjertepatienter. Projektet foregår på to hospitaler i Hjertecentret på Rigshospitalet, et intensivt afsnit og et sengeafsnit, i tæt...

  11. An Investigative Study of the Perceptions of Nationally Certified Massage Practitioners toward Entry Level Web Based Massage Therapy Curriculum Designs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vlahos, Efthimios

    2011-01-01

    This descriptive study examines the current status of online education in massage therapy with respect to the development of web based curriculums. Participants are drawn from the public listing of the National Certification Board for Therapeutic Massage and Bodywork (NCBTMB). The Online Curriculum Survey in Massage Therapy is used as an…

  12. Chinese Massage Therapy for Ankle Injury

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Ming-xia; LI Nian-qun; HUANG Guo-qi

    2003-01-01

    Purpose: To explore the therapeutic methods and effects in the treatment of acute and chronic injuries of the ankle joint by Chinese massage therapy in combination with external application of Chinese herbal drugs and functional exercises. Methods: Totally, 36 cases of the patients with acute soft tissue injury, chronic soft tissue injury and post-fracture sequelae of the ankle joint were treated by Chinese massage therapy, external application or external wash of Chinese herbal drugs, and exercises of dorsal flexion and extension of the ankle joint, to observe the restoration of the ankle functions.Results: In 36 cases of the patients, the results showed remarkable effect in 18 cases, effect in 16 cases, failure in 2 cases and the effective rate in 94.4%. Conclusion: The combined use of Chinese massage therapy, external application of Chinese herbal drugs and functional exercises can produce precise effect in the treatment of soft tissue injury of the ankle joint.

  13. Anxiolytic Effect of Aromatherapy Massage in Patients with Breast Cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiro Imanishi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We examined how aromatherapy massage influenced psychologic and immunologic parameters in 12 breast cancer patients in an open semi-comparative trial. We compared the results 1 month before aromatherapy massage as a waiting control period with those during aromatherapy massage treatment and 1 month after the completion of aromatherapy sessions. The patients received a 30 min aromatherapy massage twice a week for 4 weeks (eight times in total. The results showed that anxiety was reduced in one 30 min aromatherapy massage in State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI test and also reduced in eight sequential aromatherapy massage sessions in the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS test. Our results further suggested that aromatherapy massage ameliorated the immunologic state. Further investigations are required to confirm the anxiolytic effect of aromatherapy in breast cancer patients.

  14. Mechanical Model of Traditional Thai Massage for Integrated Healthcare

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salinee Rattanaphan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, a mechanical model was developed, aiming to provide standardized and programmable traditional Thai massage (TTM therapy to patients. The TTM was modeled and integrated into a mechanical hand (MH system, and a prototype massage chair was built and tested for user satisfaction. Three fundamental principles of Thai massage were integrated: pull, press, and pin. Based on these principles, the mechanics of Thai massage was studied and a mathematical model was developed to describe the dynamics and conditions for the design and prototyping of an MH. On average, it was found that users were satisfied with the treatment and felt that the treatment was similar to that performed by human hands. According to the interview results, users indicated that they were likely to utilize the MH as an alternative to traditional massage. Therefore, integrated TTM with an MH may help healthcare providers deliver standardized, programmable massage therapy to patients as opposed to variable, inconsistent human massage.

  15. Mechanical Model of Traditional Thai Massage for Integrated Healthcare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rattanaphan, Salinee; Srichandr, Panya

    2015-01-01

    In this study, a mechanical model was developed, aiming to provide standardized and programmable traditional Thai massage (TTM) therapy to patients. The TTM was modeled and integrated into a mechanical hand (MH) system, and a prototype massage chair was built and tested for user satisfaction. Three fundamental principles of Thai massage were integrated: pull, press, and pin. Based on these principles, the mechanics of Thai massage was studied and a mathematical model was developed to describe the dynamics and conditions for the design and prototyping of an MH. On average, it was found that users were satisfied with the treatment and felt that the treatment was similar to that performed by human hands. According to the interview results, users indicated that they were likely to utilize the MH as an alternative to traditional massage. Therefore, integrated TTM with an MH may help healthcare providers deliver standardized, programmable massage therapy to patients as opposed to variable, inconsistent human massage.

  16. Smagen af svovl

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, P. V.; Sørensen, B. T.

    2007-01-01

    Et af Sydafrikas største industriområder ligger i landets tredje største by, Durban. Industriområdet kaldes for "South Durban Industrial Basin" (SDIB), hvor der er cirka 120.000 beboere. Boligerne ligger side om side med en bred variation af tung industri. Området er et sørgeligt eksempel på den ...... tidligere Apartheid styret byplanlægning, hvor regeringen i 1940'erne valgte at placere industri i et område hovedsageligt beboet af farvede og sorte mennesker....

  17. Termisk forgasning af biomasse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Indlæggene i referatet er gengivet efter båndoptagelser. Der er dog foretaget nogle enklte omskrivninger af hensyn til læseligheden. Foredragsholdernes overheads er endvidere blevet lagt ind i referatet....

  18. Supervision af psykoterapi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    SUPERVISION AF PSYKOTERAPI indtager en central position i uddannelsen og udviklingen af psykoterapeuter. Trods flere lighedspunkter med psykoterapi, undervisning og konsultation er psykoterapisupervision et selvstændigt virksomhedsområde. Supervisor må foruden at være en trænet psykoterapeut kende...... supervisionens rammer og indplacering i forhold til organisation og samfund. En række kapitler drejer sig om supervisors opgaver, roller og kontrolfunktion, supervision set fra supervisandens perspektiv samt betragtninger over relationer og processer i supervision. Der drøftes fordele og ulemper ved de...... forskellige måder, hvorpå en sag kan fremlægges. Bogens første del afsluttes med refleksioner over de etiske aspekter ved psykoterapisupervision. Bogens anden del handler om de særlige forhold, der gør sig gældende ved supervision af en række specialiserede behandlingsformer eller af psykoterapi med bestemte...

  19. Test af Software

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dette dokument udgør slutrapporten for netværkssamarbejdet ”Testnet”, som er udført i perioden 1.4.2006 til 31.12.2008. Netværket beskæftiger sig navnlig med emner inden for test af indlejret og teknisk software, men et antal eksempler på problemstillinger og løsninger forbundet med test af...... administrativ software indgår også. Rapporten er opdelt i følgende 3 dele: Overblik. Her giver vi et resumé af netværkets formål, aktiviteter og resultater. State of the art af software test ridses op. Vi omtaler, at CISS og netværket tager nye tiltag. Netværket. Formål, deltagere og behandlede emner på ti...... række danske software-, elektronik- og IT-virksomheder....

  20. Massage therapy for sprinters and runners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angus, S

    2001-04-01

    Winning the gold medal is everything. The competitive sprinter or runner successfully navigates the road to the gold by relying on talent, dedication, and hard work. Along this steep and difficult road, massage therapy provides a powerful tool that helps the athlete reduce recovery time after a track meet, minimize injury, and improve body movement fluidity.

  1. Af Upraktiske Grunde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vaaben, Nana Katrine

    2001-01-01

    Artiklen baseres på studier af danske musikfans og handler om de objekter, de indsamler i forbindelse med at være fans. Der er to hovedargumenter, der løber gennem hele analysen. For det første at det indsamling af objekter handler om, er begær efter at kategorisere, ordne og systematisere, såled...

  2. Forebyggelse af kriminalitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, U.; Jantzen, E.B.; Kirkegaard, O.

    Forebyggelse af kriminalitet i boligområder har længe stået på dagsordenen i alle vestlige samfund. Dansk Ingeniørforening og Ingeniørsammenslutningen har udviklet normer for kriminalpræventiv planlægning i boligområder siden midten af 1980'erne. To bebyggelser i Københavnsegnen er blevet planlag...

  3. Vitalisering af rettetheder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, René

    2012-01-01

    Kapitlet handler om at anvende det selvpsykologiske teorigrundlag i samspil med de systemisk konstruktionistiske ideer i arbejdet med at udvikle organisationer og samtidig kvalificere anvendelsen af PUMA -pædagogisk udredning i inklusionssammenhænge.......Kapitlet handler om at anvende det selvpsykologiske teorigrundlag i samspil med de systemisk konstruktionistiske ideer i arbejdet med at udvikle organisationer og samtidig kvalificere anvendelsen af PUMA -pædagogisk udredning i inklusionssammenhænge....

  4. Bearbejdning af Luhmanns organisationsteori

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mortensen, Nils

    Som titlen siger, er det en gennemgang/præsertation af Luhmanns organisationsteori. Der er lagt særlig vægt på emnerne beslutning, ledelse opg forandring......Som titlen siger, er det en gennemgang/præsertation af Luhmanns organisationsteori. Der er lagt særlig vægt på emnerne beslutning, ledelse opg forandring...

  5. Body Massage Performance Investigation by Brain Activity Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kang-Ming Chang

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Massage has been widely applied to improve health and reduce stress. However, the performance difference between hands-on treatment and treatment by mechanical devices has been little mentioned. Therefore, the main aim of this paper is to investigate a subject's EEG performance under massage treatment applied by hand and treatment applied by mechanical devices. Massage was applied to four acupoints for three minutes each. The massage acupoint sequence was from left Jian-wai-yu, right Jian-wai-yu, left Zuo-fei-yu, and finally right Zuo-fei-yu. An EEG system of 32 channels was used. Twenty-four volunteers, mainly college students, were enrolled. EEG rhythm powers of each massage sessions were derived. Two-way ANOVA revealed that there were also significant interactions between the massage stage and the massage type on delta (P<0.01, theta (P<0.05, and beta rhythms (P<0.01, and there were significant differences at different stages for the mechanical massage group (F=5.557, P<0.01. The mechanical massage group had more significant differences than the hands-on group for stage coherence of around coherence on alpha rhythm. Further rhythm power scalp topography between two massage methods is also investigated.

  6. Changing the culture of clinical education in massage therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baskwill, Amanda

    2011-01-01

    Much within the profession of massage therapy is done according to tradition. From an epistemological viewpoint, tradition is a way of knowing or, by extension, being, that is based upon both tenacity and authority and not always in best practices. As the profession of massage therapy moves in the direction of evidence-based medicine, or evidence-informed practice, the opportunity to re-evaluate massage therapy education presents itself.

  7. Anvendeligheden af GIS

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Winstrup, Mie; Levin, Gregor

    2011-01-01

    Fragmentering af naturen er en trussel mod biodiversiteten, og etablering af økologiske forbindelser/korridorer mellem naturområderne er én måde hvorved nedgangen i biodiversitet kan stoppes. Med Næstved Kommune som case-område har jeg undersøgt, hvordan analyser i GIS kan bruges til at udvælge...... omdannet til reelle korridorer, hvor bredden afhænger af arealdækket som forbindelserne krydser. I implementerings øjemed er det anvendeligt at vide om nogle forbindelser er særlig vigtige for at skabe mere sammenhængende natur. GIS er anvendeligt hertil, idet GIS kan bruges til at bestemme den enkelte...

  8. Realisering af Vision 2020

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bertelsen, Niels Haldor; Hansen, Ernst Jan de Place

    Repræsentanter for byggesektoren har på 11 dialogmøder drøftet Erhvervs- og Byggestyrelsens "Vision 2020 - Byggeri med mening". Drøftelserne førte til formulering af en lang række initiativforslag til realisering af visionen. Den mest centrale udfordring bliver at reducere fejl og mangler i...... byggeriet. Branchen lægger også vægt på, at styringen af Vision 2020s reaisering sker i byggesektoren. Initiativforslagene er i rapporten samlet under 3 hovedområder. Det første hovedområde lægger vægt på bygningerne, brugerbehov og det globale samfund. Det andet omhandler processen og leverancesystemet...

  9. Ledelse af sociale institutioner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kofod, Kasper

    Ledelse af sociale institutioner giver et overblik over den enorme forandring, der er sket indenfor det sociale område i de sidste 25-30 år. Moderniseringen af den offentlige sektor har været gennemgribende, og udviklingen på det sociale område er gået mod større instirutioner og mod, at stadig...... flere beslutninger træffes lokalt. det betyder også,a t der kommeret øget fokus på ledelse af de enkelte sociale institutioner. Forandringer i omverdenedn som globalisering, individualisering, mangel på arbejdskraft og ændringer i omgangsformer påvirker også ledelsesvilkårene i de sociale institutioner...

  10. Realization of Comfortable Massage by Using Iterative Learning Control Based on EEG

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teramae, Tatsuya; Kushida, Daisuke; Takemori, Fumiaki; Kitamura, Akira

    Recently the massage chair is used by a lot of people because they are able to use it easily at home. However a present massage chair only realizes the massage motion. Moreover the massage chair can not consider the user’s condition and massage force. On the other hand, the professional masseur is according to presume the mental condition by patient’s reaction. Then this paper proposes the method of applying masseur’s procedure for the massage chair using iterative learning control based on EEG. And massage force is estimated by acceleration sensor. The realizability of the proposed method is verified by the experimental works using the massage chair.

  11. Skin cancer education among massage therapists: a survey at the 2010 meeting of the American Massage Therapy Association.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Shannon M; Louie-Gao, Qiong; Hession, Meghan L; Bailey, Elizabeth; Geller, Alan C; Cummins, Deborah

    2013-03-01

    Massage therapists encounter skin on a daily basis and have a unique opportunity to recognize potential skin cancers. The purpose of this study was to describe the skin cancer education provided to massage therapists and to assess their comfort regarding identification and communication of suspicious lesions. An observational retrospective survey study was conducted at the 2010 American Massage Therapy Association Meeting. Sixty percent reported receiving skin cancer education during and 25% reported receiving skin cancer education after training. Massage therapists who examine their own skin are more likely to be comfortable with recognizing a suspicious lesion and are more likely to examine their client's skin. Greater number of clients treated per year and greater frequency of client skin examinations were predictors of increased comfort level with recognizing a suspicious lesion. Massage therapists are more comfortable discussing than identifying a potential skin cancer. Massage therapists may be able to serve an important role in the early detection of skin cancer.

  12. Yoga and massage therapy reduce prenatal depression and prematurity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Field, Tiffany; Diego, Miguel; Hernandez-Reif, Maria; Medina, Lissette; Delgado, Jeannette; Hernandez, Andrea

    2012-04-01

    Eighty-four prenatally depressed women were randomly assigned to yoga, massage therapy or standard prenatal care control groups to determine the relative effects of yoga and massage therapy on prenatal depression and neonatal outcomes. Following 12 weeks of twice weekly yoga or massage therapy sessions (20 min each) both therapy groups versus the control group had a greater decrease on depression, anxiety and back and leg pain scales and a greater increase on a relationship scale. In addition, the yoga and massage therapy groups did not differ on neonatal outcomes including gestational age and birthweight, and those groups, in turn, had greater gestational age and birthweight than the control group.

  13. Intelligent monitoring-based safety system of massage robot

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡宁; 李长胜; 王利峰; 胡磊; 徐晓军; 邹雲鹏; 胡玥; 沈晨

    2016-01-01

    As an important attribute of robots, safety is involved in each link of the full life cycle of robots, including the design, manufacturing, operation and maintenance. The present study on robot safety is a systematic project. Traditionally, robot safety is defined as follows: robots should not collide with humans, or robots should not harm humans when they collide. Based on this definition of robot safety, researchers have proposed ex ante and ex post safety standards and safety strategies and used the risk index and risk level as the evaluation indexes for safety methods. A massage robot realizes its massage therapy function through applying a rhythmic force on the massage object. Therefore, the traditional definition of safety, safety strategies, and safety realization methods cannot satisfy the function and safety requirements of massage robots. Based on the descriptions of the environment of massage robots and the tasks of massage robots, the present study analyzes the safety requirements of massage robots; analyzes the potential safety dangers of massage robots using the fault tree tool; proposes an error monitoring-based intelligent safety system for massage robots through monitoring and evaluating potential safety danger states, as well as decision making based on potential safety danger states; and verifies the feasibility of the intelligent safety system through an experiment.

  14. Reformen af erhvervsuddannelserne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Christian Helms

    2016-01-01

    Artiklen anlægger et politisk-historisk perspektiv på reformen af erhvervsuddannelserne (EUD) i 2014. Reformen markerede på nogle områder et markant brud med den hidtidige politik. Det gælder for ek-sempel indførelsen af adgangskrav og satsningen på talent og elite, som afløser de krav om social ...... ’blinde plet-ter’ og om den ureflekterede resultatstyring, som fortsætter med den aktuelle reform....

  15. Konstruktion af sandheden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørreklit, Lennart

    2009-01-01

    Artiklen fremstiller sandhedsbegrebet som et læringsideal, som erstatter absolutisme og relativisme med læring. Indledningen bestemmer en problemorienteret ramme, som teorien indgår i: Mennesket er aktør, der danner virkelighed i form af relationer til sin omverden. Sandhedsbegrebet er forudsætni...... for en løbende sandhedsbestemmende læringsproces. Artiklen slutter med en diskussion af performative problemer, hvorigennem udsagn kan påvirke deres egen sandhedsværdi....

  16. Delayed onset muscle soreness: is massage effective?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, Nicole

    2013-10-01

    Despite the widespread occurrence of delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS), there is little consensus as to the exact cause or which treatments may be most effective at alleviating symptoms. Greater understanding of DOMS can give sports medicine and fitness professionals an opportunity to help prevent or speed recovery of this performance limiting condition. This article will review the DOMS literature, including the potential role of psychosocial factors and explore studies which involve massage therapy as a treatment modality. Articles from PubMed, MEDLINE, Google Scholar, and references from articles are included in this review. Search words and phrases included delayed onset muscle soreness, repeated bout effect, massage effectiveness, exercise induced muscle damage, and eccentric exercise.

  17. COMPARISON OF TWO TECHNIQUES MASSAGE; STATIC STRETCHING AND COMBINATION OF MASSAGE AND STRETCHING IN LOWER LIMB MUSCLE ON FLEXIBILITY; POWER AND AGILITY TESTS PERFORMANCE IN SOCCER PLAYERS

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Chourli; Hadi Rohani; Ali Mostafalou; Somaye Khosrojerdi

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study was investigating Comparison of two techniques massage; staticstretching and combination of massage and stretching in lower limb muscle on flexibility;power and agility tests performance in soccer players. 45 soccer players in three groupsrandomly massage (15 cases); stretching (15 cases) and a combination of massage andstretching group (15 cases) were selected; performed the Sit and Reach; Toe-Touch; VerticalJump and 4×9 tests in two stages before and after massage;...

  18. Opbygning af laboratoriefaciliteter til induktionsopvarmning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henningsen, Poul

    Denne rapport beskriver de faciliteter, der er opbygget til induktionsopvarmning i IPL’s svejselaboratorium. Beskrivelsen omfatter: • Indkøb og installation af frekvensgenerator • Fabrikation af spoler • Positionering og fastholdelse af emner og spole • Måling og registrering.......Denne rapport beskriver de faciliteter, der er opbygget til induktionsopvarmning i IPL’s svejselaboratorium. Beskrivelsen omfatter: • Indkøb og installation af frekvensgenerator • Fabrikation af spoler • Positionering og fastholdelse af emner og spole • Måling og registrering....

  19. Functions of Massage in Acupuncture Treatment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Xin-juan; ZHAO Bai-xiao; XIAO Yuan-chun

    2004-01-01

    本文讨论了按摩在针刺过程中的作用,认为按摩在针刺前具有诊病、选穴、活奋经气的作用,在针刺中具有散气护正、住邪护正、催气行气、运转经气的作用,在针刺后具有收气温养、闭门辟邪、续行经气、消除余邪的作用,按摩与针刺相互为用,是针刺取效的关键环节之一.%This article discusses the functions of massage in acupuncture treatment and argues that massage acts to diagnose diseases, locate acupoints, activate meridian qi before acupuncture treatment,protect healthy qi, dispel pathogenic factors, promote qi arrival and movement during acupuncture treatment, warm and nourish the body, and further promote qi movement and eliminate pathogenic factors after acupuncture treatment. Therefore, massage complements with acupuncture and becomes an essential method in acupuncture treatment.

  20. Nibe Bredning, klapning af oprensningsmaterialer og vurdering af sedimentspredning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Torben; Bentzen, Thomas Ruby

    Formålet med undersøgelsen er at beregne spredningen af klapmateriale oprenset fra sejlrenden til Nibe samt Draget. Klappladsen for begge lokaliteter er umiddelbart nordvest for Klitgaard Hage. Beregningen er foretaget vha. af numerisk modellering af strømforhold samt sedimenttransport. Til formå...

  1. Inklusion af utilpassede unge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2015-01-01

    Anholt-projektet repræsenterer en alternativ pædagogisk interventionsform for utilpassede og sårbare unge. Projektet, der i en årrække har været afprøvet af ungdomsskoler og ungdomsorganisationer i Danmark, Tyskland, Østrig, Spanien, Portugal og Italien, bygger på tanker om erfaringsbaseret, ufor...

  2. Benchmark af erhvervsuddannelserne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bogetoft, Peter; Wittrup, Jesper

    I dette arbejdspapir diskuterer vi, hvorledes de danske erhvervsskoler kan benchmarkes, og vi præsenterer resultaterne af en række beregningsmodeller. Det er begrebsmæssigt kompliceret at benchmarke erhvervsskolerne. Skolerne udbyder en lang række forskellige uddannelser. Det gør det vanskeligt...

  3. Benchmarking af kommunernes sagsbehandling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Amilon, Anna

    Fra 2007 skal Ankestyrelsen gennemføre benchmarking af kommuernes sagsbehandlingskvalitet. Formålet med benchmarkingen er at udvikle praksisundersøgelsernes design med henblik på en bedre opfølgning og at forbedre kommunernes sagsbehandling. Dette arbejdspapir diskuterer metoder for benchmarking...

  4. Efterisolering af etageboliger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munch-Andersen, Jørgen

    Denne anvisning behandler efterisolering af etageboliger bygget i perioden 1850-1977. Der gøres rede for de grundlæggende principper for efterisolering og de bygningsfysiske krav til de enkelte bygningsdele. Anvisningen indeholder desuden vejledning i, hvordan efterisolering udføres i henholdsvis...

  5. Anmeldelse af: Gruppepsykologi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Bodil

    2009-01-01

    , kreativitet og nytænkning. Det er her, videnskabens virkelige fremskridt sker.” Sådan lyder et citat af Albert Einstein, som Lars Svedberg bruger for at sætte sin faglige fremstilling om gruppepsykologi i perspektiv. Gruppeorganisationen er nemlig ofte rum for/ eller kan være rum for denne synergieffekt, der...

  6. En skygge af modernitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2015-01-01

    Artiklen vil kort skitsere forskellige, samtidige konservative reaktioner på teknikken, hvis destruktive potentiale var blevet åbenbart i og med Første Verdenskrig, og derefter gennem en læsning af Drachmanns politiske og skønlitterære forfatterskab identificere nøgleelementer og begreber i Drach...

  7. Forplumring af historien

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Winther, Gorm

    2006-01-01

    Umiddelbart efer invasionen og samme år i 1956 fik Larsenfløjen udvirket en udtalelse fra DKPs forretningsudvalg, hvor det knæsattes at ethvert folk selvstændigt skulle kunne bestemme sin udviklingsvej, ligesom man fordømte påkaldelsen af hjælp fra broderpartierne udefra....

  8. Innovationen lider af teknologifetichisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Peder Holm

    2011-01-01

    Teknologisk innovation er udråbt som vejen til fremtiden for den danske velfærdsstat. Men vi risikerer at miste innovationens fulde potentiale, hvis vi tror, at innovation nødvendigvis skal lugte af teknologi. Nogle gange kan en sort affaldssæk også gøre det....

  9. Forankring af skolemadsordninger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brinck, Nenna Maria; Kristensen, Niels Heine; Hansen, Mette Weinreich

    I rapporten beskrives tre forældrebetalte skolemadsordninger, der blev etableret med støtte fra FødevareErhverv i 2008. Rapporten indeholder også resultater fra en spørgeskemaundersøgelse foretaget blandt elever og forældre i en 4. og 8. klasse på de tre caseskoler. Rapporten er en del af evaluer...

  10. Definition af et landdistrikt

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søgaard, Villy

    2008-01-01

    Forskellige lande arbejder med meget forskellige definitioner af begrebet landdistrikt. Arbejdspapiret diskuterer først en række generelle krav til definitioner og anbefaler på den baggrund konkrete justeringer i forhold til den hidtidige danske praksis på området. Arbejdspapiret er blevet til i...

  11. Udlejers godkendelse af ny erhvervslejer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munk-Hansen, Carsten

    2009-01-01

    I artiklen er taget udgangspunkt i den »klassiske« afståelsessituation, hvor en lejer vil afhænde den i de lejede lokaler drevne virksomhed, og lejeren har afståelsesret til en af udlejer godkendt lejer, uden at kravene til den ny lejer er specificeret. På baggrund af Vestre Landsrets dom af 9/2 ...

  12. Monitering af korrosion i fjernvarmesystemer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hilbert, Lisbeth Rischel; Nielsen, Lars Vendelbo; Thorarinsdottir, R.I.

    2004-01-01

    Kontrol af korrosion i fjernvarmesystemer foregår primært ved kontrol af vandkvaliteten. Generel korrosion af kulstofstål undgås således normalt ved at holde iltkoncentration og ledningsevne lav og pH høj. Lokaliseret korrosion forekommer dog i systemerne og disse korrosionsangreb detekteres i fo...

  13. Poser af papir og plast

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thygesen, Jette

    2007-01-01

    Artiklen behandler de problemstillinger der er i forbindelse med fortolkning af det afgiftspligtige vareområde. I henhold til lov om afgift af visse emballager, poser, engangsservice, og pvc-folier, svares der afgift af poser, såfremt de frembyder bestemte karakteristika, herunder særligt om de er...

  14. Neural correlates of a single-session massage treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sliz, D; Smith, A; Wiebking, C; Northoff, G; Hayley, S

    2012-03-01

    The current study investigated the immediate neurophysiological effects of different types of massage in healthy adults using functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI). Much attention has been given to the default mode network, a set of brain regions showing greater activity in the resting state. These regions (i.e. insula, posterior and anterior cingulate, inferior parietal and medial prefrontal cortices) have been postulated to be involved in the neural correlates of consciousness, specifically in arousal and awareness. We posit that massage would modulate these same regions given the benefits and pleasant affective properties of touch. To this end, healthy participants were randomly assigned to one of four conditions: 1. Swedish massage, 2. reflexology, 3. massage with an object or 4. a resting control condition. The right foot was massaged while each participant performed a cognitive association task in the scanner. We found that the Swedish massage treatment activated the subgenual anterior and retrosplenial/posterior cingulate cortices. This increased blood oxygen level dependent (BOLD) signal was maintained only in the former brain region during performance of the cognitive task. Interestingly, the reflexology massage condition selectively affected the retrosplenial/posterior cingulate in the resting state, whereas massage with the object augmented the BOLD response in this region during the cognitive task performance. These findings should have implications for better understanding how alternative treatments might affect resting state neural activity and could ultimately be important for devising new targets in the management of mood disorders.

  15. Father-Infant Interactions Are Enhanced by Massage Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cullen, Christy; Field, Tiffany; Escalona, Angelica; Hartshorn, Kristin

    2000-01-01

    Examined the impact of fathers giving massages to their infants, ages 3 to 14 months, for 15 minutes prior to their daily bedtime for 1 month. Found that fathers who had massaged their infants were more expressive and showed more enjoyment and more warmth during floor-play interactions with their infants than did fathers in the wait-list control…

  16. Adolescents with Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder Benefit from Massage Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Field, Tiffany M.; Quintino, Olga; Hernandez-Reif, Maria; Koslovsky, Gabrielle

    1998-01-01

    Twenty-eight adolescents with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder were provided either massage therapy or relaxation therapy for 10 consecutive school days. The massage therapy group, but not the relaxation therapy group, self-rated as happier, and observers rated them as fidgeting less following the sessions. Teachers reported more time on…

  17. Cerebral Palsy Symptoms in Children Decreased Following Massage Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernandez-Reif, Maria; Field, Tiffany; Largie, Shay; Diego, Miguel; Manigat, Natasha; Seoanes, Jacqueline; Bornstein, Joan

    2005-01-01

    Twenty young children (mean age = 32 months) with cerebral palsy (CP) recruited from early intervention programs received 30 minutes of massage or reading twice weekly for 12 weeks. The children receiving massage therapy showed fewer physical symptoms including reduced spasticity, less rigid muscle tone overall and in the arms, and improved fine…

  18. Anmeldelse af Evolution, Literature and Film

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grodal, Torben Kragh

    2011-01-01

    Diskussion af basisproblemer i evolutionær fiktionsteori med udgangspunkt i en anmeldelse af Evolution, Literature and Film......Diskussion af basisproblemer i evolutionær fiktionsteori med udgangspunkt i en anmeldelse af Evolution, Literature and Film...

  19. Hætten af for Robin Hood

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oxenbøll, Morten

    2010-01-01

    En historisk gennemgang af Robin Hood myten i anledning af den kommende Hood film med Russell Crowe i hovedrollen.......En historisk gennemgang af Robin Hood myten i anledning af den kommende Hood film med Russell Crowe i hovedrollen....

  20. En genlæsning af John Rawls i lyset af hans diskussion af forholdet til fremtidige generationer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lübcke, Poul

    2009-01-01

    På grundlag af en konsekventialistisk rekonstruktion af Rawls' politiske position gøres der rede for Rawls eksplicitte og implicitte vurdering af vores ansvar over for fremtidige generationer......På grundlag af en konsekventialistisk rekonstruktion af Rawls' politiske position gøres der rede for Rawls eksplicitte og implicitte vurdering af vores ansvar over for fremtidige generationer...

  1. Moderate pressure massage elicits a parasympathetic nervous system response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diego, Miguel A; Field, Tiffany

    2009-01-01

    Twenty healthy adults were randomly assigned to a moderate pressure or a light pressure massage therapy group, and EKGs were recorded during a 3-min baseline, during the 15-min massage period and during a 3-min postmassage period. EKG data were then used to derive the high frequency (HF), low frequency (LF) components of heart rate variability and the low to high frequency ratio (LF/HF) as noninvasive markers of autonomic nervous system activity. The participants who received the moderate pressure massage exhibited a parasympathetic nervous system response characterized by an increase in HF, suggesting increased vagal efferent activity and a decrease in the LF/HF ratio, suggesting a shift from sympathetic to parasympathetic activity that peaked during the first half of the massage period. On the other hand, those who received the light pressure massage exhibited a sympathetic nervous system response characterized by decreased HF and increased LF/HF.

  2. Dynamic Effect of Rolling Massage on Blood Flow

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Yan-Yan; YI Hou-Hui; LI Hua-Bing; FANG Hai-Ping

    2009-01-01

    The Chinese traditional medical massage has been used as a natural therapy to eliminate some diseases.Here, the effect of the rolling massage frequency to the blood flow in the blood vessels under the rolling massage manipulation is studied by the lattice Boltzmann simulation.The simulation results show that when the frequency is smaller than or comparable to the putsatile frequency of the blood flow, the effect on the blood flux by the rolling massage is small.On the contrast, if the frequency is twice or more times of the putsatile frequency of the blood flow, the blood flux is greatly enhanced and increases linearly with respect to the frequency.Similar behavior has also been observed on the shear stress on the blood vessel waits.The result is helpful for understanding that the rolling massage has the function of promoting the blood circulation and removing the blood stasis.

  3. Dynamic Effect of Rolling Massage on Blood Flow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yan-Yan; Yi, Hou-Hui; Li, Hua-Bing; Fang, Hai-Ping

    2009-02-01

    The Chinese traditional medical massage has been used as a natural therapy to eliminate some diseases. Here, the effect of the rolling massage frequency to the blood flow in the blood vessels under the rolling massage manipulation is studied by the lattice Boltzmann simulation. The simulation results show that when the frequency is smaller than or comparable to the pulsatile frequency of the blood flow, the effect on the blood flux by the rolling massage is small. On the contrast, if the frequency is twice or more times of the pulsatile frequency of the blood flow, the blood flux is greatly enhanced and increases linearly with respect to the frequency. Similar behavior has also been observed on the shear stress on the blood vessel walls. The result is helpful for understanding that the rolling massage has the function of promoting the blood circulation and removing the blood stasis.

  4. Aflivning af heste

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlshøj, Merete; Fredsbo, Louise; Buhl, Rikke

    2007-01-01

    Det er efterhånden sjældent at heste dør af alderdøm. Ofte må ejer træffe den vanskelige beslutning om at lade hesten aflive. Da der tit er tale om en kær ven, er hesteejeren følelsesmæssigt påvirket. Det er derfor afgørende, at aflivningen foretages fagligt korrekt og professionelt.......Det er efterhånden sjældent at heste dør af alderdøm. Ofte må ejer træffe den vanskelige beslutning om at lade hesten aflive. Da der tit er tale om en kær ven, er hesteejeren følelsesmæssigt påvirket. Det er derfor afgørende, at aflivningen foretages fagligt korrekt og professionelt....

  5. Nedtrykt af negative nyheder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skovsgaard, Morten; Søberg, Pernille Frantz

    2016-01-01

    I adskillige år er det blevet debatteret, hvorvidt nyhedernes negative fokus har konsekvenser for borgerne, og om det i sid-ste ende får flere til at vende ryggen til nyhederne. Vores viden om effekterne af positive og negative nyheder er dog begrænset, og derfor undersøges det i denne artikel......, hvordan henholdsvis positive og negative tv-nyheder påvirker seernes humør, hukom-melse af information fra indslaget og lyst til at se yderligere tv-nyheder. Det gør vi i et survey-eksperiment (N=204), hvor tre grupper så enten et originalt indslag eller det samme indslag klippet med henholdsvis et...

  6. Opbygning af alliance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Inge Nygaard

    2002-01-01

    Denne artikel er et forsøg på at bringe læseren med ind i atmosfæren, i oplevelsen og overvejelserne i forbindelse med opstart på et musikterapiforløb med en patient, som er meget svær at få kontakt med. Den er skrevet i et detaljerigt praksisnært sprog og har på én gang til for mål at starte på...... dokumentation af musikterapeutisk arbejde i børnepsykiatrien på musikterapiklinikken, APS og at formidle de mange facetter i et allianceopbyggende arbejde med en meget kontaktsvag patient. Artiklen beskriver prøveforløb og første del af et behandlingsforløb og er bygget op, således at praksisbeskrivelser fra...

  7. Relationel skabelse af ledelsesidentitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hersted, Lone; Madsen, Charlotte Øland; Michelsen, Randi Riis

    2014-01-01

    forestillinger om, hvad det vil sige at være leder. Disse forestillinger er alle relationelt og kulturelt skabte og præger ofte ledere i deres daglige beslutningstagen og disponering i en sådan grad, at det får betydelige følgevirkninger for resten af organisationen og dens brugere/kunder og øvrige interessenter....

  8. Optisk kvantificering af gopler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Jens Tang

    efterfølgende med specielt udviklet software, med henblik på arts-, størrelses- og antalsfordeling. Indledende tests har vist, at mens Aurelia og Cyanea nemt registreres i lysgardinet, idet de lyser kraftigt op, er brydningsindekset for små individer af Mnemiopsis så tæt på vand, at der kræves stor kontrast på...

  9. Anvendelser af Pervasive Communication

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brønsted, Jeppe

    I øjeblikket er den måde, vi kommunikerer på, ved at ændre sig drastisk. Fra at vi for få år siden var nødt til at nøjes med Internetkommunikation mellem stationære computere, forbindes en masse nye typer af enheder i dag på nye måder. Da vi nu ikke længere er bundet til en computer, der ikke kan...... flytte sig, bliver en masse nye ting mulige, fordi vi er forbundet med omverdenen i enhver kontekst. Da vi traditionelt ikke tænker i at være forbundet altid overalt er det ikke let at se, hvordan dette nye paradigme påvirker os i vores hverdag og hvordan vi kan udnytte det til nye forretnings- og...... forskningsmuligheder. For at gøre det hele lidt mere konkret, præsenteres i dette dokument en række eksempler på brug af Pervasive Communication. Udvalget af eksempler skal ikke ses som værende udtømmende, men snarere som håndplukkede eksempler der hver repræsenterer en genre. I dokumentet er både valgt...

  10. Innovation af innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harste, Gorm

    2009-01-01

    , at innovation af innovationen forsøges gennemført på en måde, hvor tiden kræves at forholde sig til sin egen tidslighed i form af fremtid, nutid, fortid og ikke mindst i form af samtidighed. I tiden skal vi iagttage, hvordan vi iagttager tiden. Vi dobbelt-koder tiden på samme måde, som forskning forsker i...... organisationssystemerne. De to typer systemer kan noget helt bestemt med fænomenet tid. De kan synkronisere. Analyseres organisationssystemer ser vi, imidlertid at innovation kræver ro. Stærkt innovative systemer er militærsystemet og kunstsystemet, der også inddrages, og hvor vi ser paradokset mellem innovation og...... involution. Tid er med et medium og ikke et lufttomt rum. Tid er end ikke en gasart, men udgør et solidt fluidum, som samfundet bader i og flyder i, konstant i bevægelse. Reformer forudsætter former, og innovation forudsætter involution. Kun sådan muliggøres evolution....

  11. Clarifying Definitions for the Massage Therapy Profession: the Results of the Best Practices Symposium†

    OpenAIRE

    Kennedy, Ann B.; Cambron, Jerrilyn A.; Sharpe, Patricia A.; Travillian, Ravensara S.; Saunders, Ruth P.

    2016-01-01

    Background Massage therapists are at times unclear about the definition of massage therapy, which creates challenges for the profession. It is important to investigate the current definitions and to consider the field as a whole in order to move toward clarity on what constitutes the constructs within the profession. Purpose To determine how a sample of experts understand and describe the field of massage therapy as a step toward clarifying definitions for massage and massage therapy, and fra...

  12. Value of qualitative research in the study of massage therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kania, Ania; Porcino, Antony; Vehoef, Marja J

    2008-12-15

    Qualitative inquiry is increasingly used in health research because it is particularly suited to the study of complex topics or issues about which little is known and concerning which quantification cannot easily create or effectively convey understanding. By exploring the lived experience of people providing and receiving massage therapy and the meaning that those people ascribe to those experiences, in-depth understanding of the nature of massage therapy and of how it affects people's lives is possible. Qualitative research may also provide insights into the outcomes, process and context of massage therapy that cannot be fully achieved through quantification alone.The purpose of the present article is to describe qualitative research and to discuss its value to the massage therapy profession. The target audience is massage therapists who want to be able to better understand the research literature, novice massage therapy researchers who are unfamiliar with qualitative research, and teachers of research methods courses in massage therapy training programs who want to include qualitative research methods in their curriculum.

  13. Does Foot Massage Relieve Acute Postoperative Pain? A Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chanif Chanif

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: This study aimed to examine the current state of knowledge regarding foot massageto determine if foot massage has an effect on relieving acute postoperative pain.Method: The following questions were used to guide this review: How does pain occur?What is the pain management modalities used in relieving acute postoperative pain? Does footmassage relieve acute postoperative pain? A comprehensive systematic search of publishedliterature and journal articles from Science Direct, CINAHL, PubMed, ProQuest and fromrelevant textbooks was conducted. The universal case entry website, Google-scholar was usedas well. The following keywords were used: foot massage, pain management, andpostoperative pain. Eight studies on foot massage and more than thirty related articles werereviewed.Result: Postoperative pain is caused by tissue damage that induces release of chemicalmediators from the surgical wound. The four processes of pain are transduction, transmission,perception and modulation. Pain medication is the goal standard for acute postoperative painrelief. In addition, foot massage is a modality that can be used in relieving acute postoperativepain. Massage stimulates large nerve fibers and dermatome layers which contain tactile andpressure receptors. The receptors subsequently transmit the nerve impulse to the centralnervous system. The gate control system in the dorsal horn is activated through the inhibitoryinterneuron, thus closing the gate. Subsequently, the brain does not receive the pain message.Eight reviewed studies demonstrated that foot massage relieves acute postoperative pain.However, there were some methodological limitations of these studies.Conclusion: It is recommended to examine the effect of foot massage on acute postoperativepain with high homogenous samples using various duration of massage and range of time forpain measurement at different settings.Key words: foot massage, pain management and postoperative pain.

  14. Meta-Analysis of Massage Therapy on Cancer Pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Sook-Hyun; Kim, Jong-Yeop; Yeo, Sujung; Kim, Sung-Hoon; Lim, Sabina

    2015-07-01

    Cancer pain is the most common complaint among patients with cancer. Conventional treatment does not always relieve cancer pain satisfactorily. Therefore, many patients with cancer have turned to complementary therapies to help them with their physical, emotional, and spiritual well-being. Massage therapy is increasingly used for symptom relief in patients with cancer. The current study aimed to investigate by meta-analysis the effects of massage therapy for cancer patients experiencing pain. Nine electronic databases were systematically searched for studies published through August 2013 in English, Chinese, and Korean. Methodological quality was assessed using the Physiotherapy Evidence Database (PEDro) and Cochrane risk-of-bias scales. Twelve studies, including 559 participants, were used in the meta-analysis. In 9 high-quality studies based on the PEDro scale (standardized mean difference, -1.24; 95% confidence interval, -1.72 to -0.75), we observed reduction in cancer pain after massage. Massage therapy significantly reduced cancer pain compared with no massage treatment or conventional care (standardized mean difference, -1.25; 95% confidence interval, -1.63 to -0.87). Our results indicate that massage is effective for the relief of cancer pain, especially for surgery-related pain. Among the various types of massage, foot reflexology appeared to be more effective than body or aroma massage. Our meta-analysis indicated a beneficial effect of massage for relief of cancer pain. Further well-designed, large studies with longer follow-up periods are needed to be able to draw firmer conclusions regarding the effectiveness.

  15. Massage therapy for essential hypertension: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiong, X J; Li, S J; Zhang, Y Q

    2015-03-01

    Massage, an ancient Chinese healing art, is widely practiced for symptom relief in hypertensive patients with anxiety, depression, headache, vertigo, chronic pain in neck, shoulder and back. A large number of case series and clinical trials have been published. However, it is still unclear whether massage can be recommended as an effective therapy for essential hypertension (EH). We estimated the current clinical evidence of massage for EH. Articles published before 10 December 2013 were searched using Cochrane Library, PubMed, EMBASE, Chinese Scientific Journal Database (VIP), Chinese Biomedical Literature Database, Wanfang data and Chinese National Knowledge Infrastructure. Randomized controlled trials comparing massage with any type of control intervention were included. Trials testing massage combined with antihypertensive drugs versus antihypertensive drugs were included as well. Meta-analysis was performed on the effects on blood pressure (BP). Twenty-four articles involving 1962 patients with EH were selected. Methodological quality of most trials was evaluated as generally low. Meta-analyses demonstrated that massage combined with antihypertensive drugs may be more effective than antihypertensive drugs alone in lowering both systolic BP (SBP; mean difference (MD): -6.92 (-10.05, -3.80); Pmassage appears beneficial for reducing SBP (MD: -3.47 (-5.39, -1.56); P=0.0004) for hypertensive patients as compared with antihypertensive drugs. Safety of massage is still unclear. There is some encouraging evidence of massage for EH. However, because of poor methodological quality, the evidence remains weak. Rigorously designed trials are needed to validate the use of massage in future.

  16. Korrosionshastigheder af rene zinkcoatings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bech-Nielsen, G.; Tang, Peter Torben; Ulrich, Dan

    1991-01-01

    Det har længe været den fremherskende opfattelse i galvanobranchen, at et zinkbad var et zinkbad og at der, tiltrods for de forskellige leverandørers gyldne løfter, ikke var den store forskel på de bade der kan købes på markedet idag. Det har ydermere været den almindelige opfattelse, at zinkbade......-bestandighed og udseende. Badenes alder har også vist sig at have endog meget stor betydning for kvaliteten af belægningerne....

  17. Kulturelle spejlinger af Profeten Muhammed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høgsbro Lading, Åse

    2008-01-01

    Artiklen er en analyse af to forløb i den såkaldte Muhammedkrise, der udspringer af Jyllandspostens offentliggørelse af karrikaturer af profeten Muhammed. Den første i 2006 ses som et  udspil, der først og frememst er styret  af markedsmæssige interesser, og hvor de globale reaktioner kom bag på ...... forsvar opleves  af avisen i splitting-kategorier: enten kan man sige alt, eller også har man ikke ytringsfrihed. Artiklen slutter med et ønske om, at mere komplekse syn på de globale relationer kan etableres...

  18. Anvendelse af MIP ved kildekarakterisering og vurdering af nedbrydning af chlorerede opløsningsmidler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Broholm, Mette Martina; Janniche, Gry Sander; Damgaard, Ida;

    2014-01-01

    Membrane Interface Probing (MIP) er et 'direct push' screeningsværktøj, som kan anvendes ved karakterisering af forurenede grunde. Karakterisering af kildeområder med chlorerede opløsningsmidler (som DNAPL) udgør et vigtigt led i udviklingen af den konceptuelle forståelse, som er essentiel...... for risikovurdering og valg af afværgestrategi. Integreret karakterisering med en række metoder for direkte såvel som indirekte dokumentation af DNAPL i moræneler, herunder MIP, er beskrevet i Kerrn-Jespersen et al. (2013). Det samlede DNAPL-karakteriseringsprojekt er beskrevet i detaljer i Janniche et al. (2013). En...... vurdering af anvendte detektorer for MIP er foretaget af Olsson (2013). Ved karakterisering af forurening med bl.a. chlorerede opløsningsmidler er der behov for en vurdering af forureningssammensætning og nedbrydning. Tilsvarende vurdering er nødvendig, når udviklingen af stimuleret reduktiv dechlorering...

  19. Clarifying Definitions for the Massage Therapy Profession: the Results of the Best Practices Symposium†

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, Ann B.; Cambron, Jerrilyn A.; Sharpe, Patricia A.; Travillian, Ravensara S.; Saunders, Ruth P.

    2016-01-01

    Background Massage therapists are at times unclear about the definition of massage therapy, which creates challenges for the profession. It is important to investigate the current definitions and to consider the field as a whole in order to move toward clarity on what constitutes the constructs within the profession. Purpose To determine how a sample of experts understand and describe the field of massage therapy as a step toward clarifying definitions for massage and massage therapy, and framing the process of massage therapy practice. Setting A two-day symposium held in 2010 with the purpose of gathering knowledge to inform and aid in the creation of massage therapy best practice guidelines for stress and low back pain. Participants Thirty-two experts in the field of massage therapy from the United States, Europe, and Canada. Design Qualitative analysis of secondary cross-sectional data using a grounded theory approach. Results Three over-arching themes were identified: 1) What is massage?; 2) The multidimensional nature of massage therapy; and 3) The influencing factors on massage therapy practice. Discussion The data offered clarifying definitions for massage and massage therapy, as well as a framework for the context for massage therapy practice. These clarifications can serve as initial steps toward the ultimate goal of creating new theory for the field of massage therapy, which can then be applied in practice, education, research, and policy. Conclusions Foundational research into how experts in the profession understand and describe the field of massage therapy is limited. Understanding the potential differences between the terms massage and massage therapy could contribute to a transformation in the profession in the areas of education, practice, research, policy and/or regulation. Additionally, framing the context for massage therapy practice invites future discussions to further clarify practice issues. PMID:27648109

  20. En verden drevet af vindkraft

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aukdal, Kenneth Martin

    2000-01-01

    For over 100 år siden opstillede Poul la Cour og et hold videnskabsmænd den første testvindmølle i Danmark. Det var den spæde start til en udvikling, der har gjort Danmark til verdens førende eksportør af vindkraftteknologi. Over 60% af den elektricitet,der produceres af vindmøller i verden i dag...

  1. Slaver af Væksten

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard, Jørgen

    2004-01-01

    Artiklen rejser spørgsmålet om der, foruden den miljømæssige nødvendighed af at bremse væksten i Brutto National Produktet, også er direkte meneskelige fordele ved et sådant skridt. Dette aspekt er illustreret med de stigende negative følger af velstanden i USA og andre overflodslande, i form af ...

  2. Sammenligning af energiforbrug i supermarkeder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Hans Jørgen Høgaard

    2005-01-01

    Formålet med det her omtalte projekt har været at sammenligne energiforbruget til køling i fire supermarkeder af sammenlignelig størrelse men med forskellig opbygning af køleanlægget. To af supermarkederne har nyudviklede kaskadeanlæg med CO2 i lavtemperaturkredsen og R404A i højtemperaturkredsen...

  3. Centralisering overfor decentralisering af varelagre

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Graungaard Pedersen, Søren; Zachariassen, Frederik

    2010-01-01

    store virksomheder. I Danmark går langt størstedelen af virksomheder under betegnelsen små og mellemstore virksomheder (SMV) og for en stor andel af disse, er udfordringen med effektiv styring af varelagre også relevant. Denne artikel beskæftiger sig med udfordringen mellem centralisering overfor...... decentralisering af varelagre i SMV. Det viser sig, at der er betydelige forskelle i, hvilke argumenter der er for og imod, når udfordringen ses fra et SMV-perspektiv....

  4. Effectiveness of focused structural massage and relaxation massage for chronic low back pain: protocol for a randomized controlled trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deyo Richard A

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Chronic back pain is a major public health problem and the primary reason patients seek massage treatment. Despite the growing use of massage for chronic low back pain, there have been few studies of its effectiveness. This trial will be the first evaluation of the effectiveness of relaxation massage for chronic back pain and the first large trial of a focused structural form of massage for this condition. Methods and Design A total of 399 participants (133 in each of three arms between the ages of 20 and 65 years of age who have low back pain lasting at least 3 months will be recruited from an integrated health care delivery system. They will be randomized to one of two types of massage ("focused structural massage" or "relaxation massage", or continued usual medical care. Ten massage treatments will be provided over 10 weeks. The primary outcomes, standard measures of dysfunction and bothersomeness of low back pain, will be assessed at baseline and after 10, 26, and 52 weeks by telephone interviewers masked to treatment assignment. General health status, satisfaction with back care, days of back-related disability, perceived stress, and use and costs of healthcare services for back pain will also be measured. Outcomes across assigned treatment groups will be compared using generalized estimating equations, accounting for participant correlation and adjusted for baseline value, age, and sex. For both primary outcome measures, this trial will have at least 85% power to detect the presence of a minimal clinically significant difference among the three treatment groups and 91% power for pairwise comparisons. Secondary analyses will compare the proportions of participants in each group that improve by a clinically meaningful amount. Conclusion Results of this trial will help clarify the value of two types of massage therapy for chronic low back pain. Trial registration Clinical Trials.gov NCT 00371384.

  5. Coaching af sygedagpengemodtagere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Coop Henriksen, Annemette

    SFI gennemførte i foråret 2008 til foråret 2009 en pilotundersøgelse om coaching. Undersøgelsen var designet som et lodtrækningsforsøg og omfattede 42 kvindelige sygedagpengemodtagere fra Rødovre Jobcenter, der var sygemeldt med psykiske lidelser i form af stress, depression eller udbrændthed eller...... med lidelser i bevægeapparatet. Undersøgelsen er bestilt og finansieret af Rødovre Jobcenter. I rapporten undersøges, om coaching kan bidrage til at bringe sygedagpengemodtagere i arbejde eller tættere på arbejdsmarkedet målt ved, om deltagerne får fx øget motivation, mere selvtillid, øget afklaring...... og færre symptomer på sygdom. Undersøgelsen viser, at gruppen, der har modtaget coaching, oplever en positiv udvikling i forhold til stress, depression og udbrændthed. Gruppen, der modtog coaching, har den tydeligste positive udvikling, men begge grupper har oplevet en helbredsmæssig fremgang i...

  6. Construction of Intelligent Massage System Based on Human Skin-Muscle Elasticity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teramae, Tatsuya; Kushida, Daisuke; Takemori, Fumiaki; Kitamura, Akira

    A present massage chair realizes the massage motion and force designed by a professional masseur. However, appropriate massage force to the user cannot be provided by the massage chair in such a method. On the other hand, the professional masseur can realize an appropriate massage force to more than one patient, because, the masseur considers the physical condition of the patient. This paper proposes the method of applying masseur's procedure to the massage chair. Then, the proposed method is composed by estimation of the physical condition of user, decision of massage force based on the physical condition and realization of massage force by the force control. The realizability of the proposed method is verified by the experimental work using the massage chair.

  7. Relevansen af Aristoteles' etik for konceptionen af eksistentiel terapi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dræby, Anders

    Siden sin undfangelse i begyndelsen af det 20. århundrede har den eksistentielle terapi repræsenteret et filosofisk funderet alternativ til de former for terapeutisk praksis, der er funderet i den funktionalistiske medicinske metafysik. Anvendelse af elementer fra Aristoteles' etik muliggør en...

  8. En systemteoretisk analyse af underviseres medlemskab af uddannelsessteder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kaspersen, Steffen Warming

    2014-01-01

    Afhandlingen undersøger ved hjælp af Niklas Luhmanns systemteori, hvordan undervisere på to uddannelsessteder der skal fusionere, er med til at bidrage til det nye uddannelsesstedets selvbeskrivelse. Der konkluderes, at undervisernes egen iagttagelse af uddannelsesstedet afgør hvilke faktorer der...

  9. Politisk brug af historien og legitimering af nutiden i Jugoslavien

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Humlebæk, Carsten

    2014-01-01

    Anmeldelse af: Tea Sindbæk: Usable History? Representations of Yugoslavia’s difϔicult past from 1945 to 2002, Aarhus University Press 2013.......Anmeldelse af: Tea Sindbæk: Usable History? Representations of Yugoslavia’s difϔicult past from 1945 to 2002, Aarhus University Press 2013....

  10. Simulering af dagslys i digitale modeller

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villaume, René Domine; Ørstrup, Finn Rude

    2004-01-01

    Projektet undersøger via forskellige simuleringer af dagslys, kvaliteten af visualiseringer af komplekse lysforhold i digitale modeller i forbindelse med formidling af arkitektur via nettet. I en digital 3D model af Utzon Associates Paustians hus, simulers naturligt dagslysindfald med  forskellig...... Renderingsmetoder som: "shaded render" /  ”raytraceing” /  "Final Gather /  ”Global Illumination”...

  11. Salicylate toxicity from ingestion of traditional massage oil

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    A 16-month-old child developed a brief generalised tonic–clonic fitting episode and vomiting at home, after accidental ingestion of traditional massage oil. As the patient presented with clinical features of salicylate toxicity, appropriate management was instituted. He was admitted to the intensive care unit for multiorgan support. The child was discharged well 1 week after the incident. Methyl-salicylate is a common component of massage oils which are used for topical treatment of joint and...

  12. Udredning og behandling af reflekssynkoper

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mehlsen, Jesper; Mehlsen, Anne-Birgitte

    2008-01-01

    Syncope is associated with considerable costs to society as well as to the patient. Syncope may arise on a neurological, cardiac, or neurovascular background. Cardiac and neurological causes are evaluated by standard methods. Neurovascular syncope is diagnosed by tilt table testing and carotid ma...... massage. The treatment of neurological or cardiac syncope aims at the underlying cause, whereas the treatment of neurovascular syncope consists of information and instruction in reasonable precautions. In persisting cases, medical treatment or pacemaker implantation may be necessary....

  13. Anbefalinger til organisering af uddannelserne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Lars; Andersen, Lars Døvling; Hornemann, Birte C.;

    2009-01-01

    Notatet sammenfatter de diskussioner, som det af fakulteterne nedsatte udvalg vedrørende nye undervisnings- og eksamensformer har haft, og de anbefalinger til en omlægning af vores uddannelsessystem, som udvalget har valgt at give. Notatet er samtidig en begyndelse på en erfaringsudveksling om ny...

  14. Kvalifikation af den optiske aftastning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sobiecki, René

    Hvor koordinatmålemaskinen i årtier har indtaget en nøgleposition i en virksomhed til fremskaffelse af måledata, ser vi nu en udvikling i retning af mere og mere optisk måleudstyr. Profilprojektoren er vendt tilbage i en ny avanceret form. Fordele og ulemper ved mekanisk kontra optisk måling er v...

  15. Virkelighedsflugt og masser af sex

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorentzen, Rasmus Fink

    2011-01-01

    I artiklen laves en læsning af ungdomsromanen "6" (2010) af Ronni Andersen. Dernæst udfoldes en række litteraturpædagogiske forslag tilen undervisning i romanen i skolens ældste klasser. Arbejdsforslagene er baseret på en kompetencetilgang til danskfaget og rummer fire værksteder hvor eleverne sk...

  16. Midtvejsevaluering af Pulje til Landsbyfornyelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jesper Ole; Blach, Vigdis E. Magnusdatter

    og bidrage til en helhedsorienteret og fremadrettet indsats i en række kommuner i de danske yderområder. Midtvejsevalueringen belyser effekten af puljen og kommunernes erfaringer med administrationen af puljen. Evalueringen er gennemført som en internet-baseret spørgeskemaundersøgelse (survey) blandt...

  17. Evaluering af den fleksible barselsorlov

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marianne Olsen, Bente

    forældreorloven. Undersøgelsen viser også, at der er en række områder, hvor kommunerne mener, at orlovsreglerne udgør en administrativ byrde. Det bliver ekstra tungt, fordi det IT-system, der understøtter administrationen af barselsreglerne, ikke fungerer optimalt. Omring to tredjedel af de adspurgte...

  18. Evalueringen af den fleksible barselorlov

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marianne Olsen, Bente

    forældreorloven. Undersøgelsen viser også, at der er en række områder, hvor kommunerne mener, at orlovsreglerne udgør en administrativ byrde. Det bliver ekstra tungt, fordi det IT-system, der understøtter administrationen af barselsreglerne, ikke fungerer optimalt. Omring to tredjedel af de adspurgte...

  19. Effect of Rolling Massage on the Vortex Flow in Blood Vessels with Lattice Boltzmann Simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yi, Hou Hui

    The rolling massage manipulation is a classic Chinese Medical Massage, which is a nature therapy in eliminating many diseases. Here, the effect of the rolling massage on the cavity flows in blood vessel under the rolling manipulation is studied by the lattice Boltzmann simulation. The simulation results show that the vortex flows are fully disturbed by the rolling massage. The flow behavior depends on the rolling velocity and the rolling depth. Rolling massage has a better effect on the flows in the cavity than that of the flows in a planar blood vessel. The result is helpful to understand the mechanism of the massage and develop the rolling techniques.

  20. The effects of massage on delayed onset muscle soreness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilbert, J; Sforzo, G; Swensen, T

    2003-01-01

    Objectives: The purpose of this study was to investigate the physiological and psychological effects of massage on delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). Methods: Eighteen volunteers were randomly assigned to either a massage or control group. DOMS was induced with six sets of eight maximal eccentric contractions of the right hamstring, which were followed 2 h later by 20 min of massage or sham massage (control). Peak torque and mood were assessed at 2, 6, 24, and 48 h postexercise. Range of motion (ROM) and intensity and unpleasantness of soreness were assessed at 6, 24, and 48 h postexercise. Neutrophil count was assessed at 6 and 24 h postexercise. Results: A two factor ANOVA (treatment v time) with repeated measures on the second factor showed no significant treatment differences for peak torque, ROM, neutrophils, unpleasantness of soreness, and mood (p > 0.05). The intensity of soreness, however, was significantly lower in the massage group relative to the control group at 48 h postexercise (p < 0.05). Conclusions: Massage administered 2 h after exercise induced muscle injury did not improve hamstring function but did reduce the intensity of soreness 48 h after muscle insult. PMID:12547748

  1. Assessment of the effects of massage therapy on premenstrual syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leily Ghaedi

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: Premenstrual syndrome is characterized by the cyclic occurrence physical, psychological and behavioral symptoms during the luteal phase of the menstruation cycle and will be disappear within a few days of the onset of menstruation. The aim of this research was to assess the effect of massage therapy on premenstrual syndrome. Materials and Method: A randomized clinical trial was carried out on 30 volunteer students of Tehran University with PMS diagnosis. After surveying two menstruation cycles and confirming PMS existence, subjects were randomly assigned into massage and control group. Massage protocol was performed for eight weeks. Volunteers completed Daily Symptom Rating (DSR during 2 cycles before and 2 cycles after intervention. Data collected via data gathering form, criteria for PMS (DSM- IV, DSR and Beck test. Data were analyzed by descriptive and analytic statistics (χ2, Fischer's exact test, paired and independent t tests.Results: In comparison between before and after intervention, massage group showed significant decrease averagely in mean of somatic (56.7%, psychological (64.8% (p<0.001.This is while, in control group only mean of somatic symptoms (averagely 21.2% relieved obviously (p=0.02. comparing two groups often intervention, we did not found any significant difference in mean of somatic symptoms while psychological (p=0.01 and total symptoms (p=0.03 in massage group was significantly less than controls.Conclusion: The authors concluded that massage therapy is an effective method for relieving symptoms of premenstrual syndrome

  2. Udvikling af CO2 neutralt byrumsarmatur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Peter Behrensdorff; Dam-Hansen, Carsten; Corell, Dennis Dan

    Denne rapport indeholder en beskrivelse af arbejdet udført i og resultaterne af forsknings- og udviklingsprojektet ” Udvikling af CO2 neutralt byrumsarmatur” og udgør slutrapportering for dette projekt.......Denne rapport indeholder en beskrivelse af arbejdet udført i og resultaterne af forsknings- og udviklingsprojektet ” Udvikling af CO2 neutralt byrumsarmatur” og udgør slutrapportering for dette projekt....

  3. Anmeldelse af World Drug Report 2005

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Kim

    2005-01-01

    Internationale udfordringer i spændingsfeltet mellem organiseret kriminalitet og narkotika. Værdien af det illegale narkotikamarked. Skabelsen af et Illicit Drug Index. Ny organisationsstruktur bag udgivelsen af denne WDR. Udgivelsesdato: December......Internationale udfordringer i spændingsfeltet mellem organiseret kriminalitet og narkotika. Værdien af det illegale narkotikamarked. Skabelsen af et Illicit Drug Index. Ny organisationsstruktur bag udgivelsen af denne WDR. Udgivelsesdato: December...

  4. Development of Foot Massage Program on Nausea and Vomiting for Cancer Patients: A Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ni Ketut Guru Prapti

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This study aims to develop a foot massage program to support care activity in reducing nausea and vomiting for cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Two phases, a literature review and the development of a foot massage program were conducted. The literature review was to analyze state of the art massage techniques by reviewing problems, related theories and supporting evidence. Method: Eight published studies in the English language were reviewed. A massage can be performed for different durations, from 10 minutes up to 60 minutes for three to six weeks and can be applied on various body areas. We found that the soft stroke/effleurage seems to be the best method and is most suitable for patients with cancer. It is also evident that foot massaging can be applied as a modality to reduce nausea and vomiting for cancer patients undergoing chemotherapy. Result: We developed a foot massage program specifically for patients with cancer. The foot massage program comprised of three sessions, including 1 education session, 2 preparation session, and 3 foot massage session. In the education session, patients obtain brief information about the definition of a foot massage, the benefits and contraindication of foot massaging. During the preparation phase, foot soaking and warming up are performed. Subsequently, the foot massage is applied and should last for 30 minutes. Further research is recommended to test the effectiveness of the proposed foot massage program for nausea and vomiting in cancer patients across countries including Indonesia. Key Words: Foot massage program, chemotherapy, nausea and vomiting

  5. Digitalisering af det eksisterende byggeri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Nils Lykke; Øien, Turid Borgestrand

    2010-01-01

    Digitalisering af det eksisterende byggeri er en vanskelig og uendelig opgave. Det giver kun mening at digitalisere eksisterende byggeri, når man har et konkret behov, og da kun at indhente og lagre de informationer, som man strategisk eller konkret har behov for. Erhvervs og Byggestyrelsen har...... iværksat en analyse af strategier for digitalisering af det eksisterende byggeri. I forbindelse hermed vil denne rapport undersøge problemerne og potentialerne ved at digitalisere den eksisterende bygningsmasse, både hvad angår hvilke dele heraf der er relevant at digitalisere, til hvilket niveau, samt de...

  6. Modellering af elforbrug til netanalyse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Jacob

    I denne rapport undersøges mulighederne for at etablere en model for elforbruget, der kan anvendes ved analyser af det østdanske transmissionsnet. Rapporten henvender sig til ingeniører og beslutningstagere, der ønsker viden om betydningen af en nøjagtig elforbrugsmodel og om mulighederne for i p...... simuleringsresultater med mindre usikkerhed, og der opnås en integration mellem eksisterende systemer, idet data fra en række systemer bl.a. Panda, elforbrugsprognoser, elforbrugspaneler og stationsprognoser kan udnyttes til etableringen af en model....

  7. Foot massage: effectiveness on postoperative pain in breast surgery patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ucuzal, Meral; Kanan, Nevin

    2014-06-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the effect of foot massage on pain after breast surgery, and provide guidance for nurses in nonpharmacologic interventions for pain relief. This was a quasiexperimental study with a total of 70 patients who had undergone breast surgery (35 in the experimental group and 35 in the control group). Patients in the control group received only analgesic treatment, whereas those in the experimental group received foot massage in addition to analgesic treatment. Patients received the first dose of analgesics during surgery. As soon as patients came from the operating room, they were evaluated for pain severity. Patients whose pain severity scored ≥4 according to the Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire were accepted into the study. In the experimental group, pain and vital signs (arterial blood pressure, pulse, and respiration) were evaluated before foot massage at the time patients complained about pain (time 0) and then 5, 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes after foot massage. In the control group, pain and vital signs were also evaluated when the patients complained about pain (time 0) and again at 5, 30, 60, 90, and 120 minutes, in sync with the times when foot massage was completed in the experimental group. A patient information form was used to collect descriptive characteristics data of the patients, and the Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire was used to determine pain severity. Data were analyzed for frequencies, mean, standard deviation, chi-square, Student t, Pillai trace, and Bonferroni test. The results of the statistical analyses showed that patients in the experimental group experienced significantly less pain (p ≤ .001). Especially notable, patients in the experimental group showed a decrease in all vital signs 5 minutes after foot massage, but patients in the control group showed increases in vital signs except for heart rate at 5 minutes. The data obtained showed that foot massage in breast surgery patients was

  8. Effect of massage therapy on pain, anxiety, and tension after cardiac surgery: a randomized study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bauer, Brent A; Cutshall, Susanne M; Wentworth, Laura J; Engen, Deborah; Messner, Penny K; Wood, Christina M; Brekke, Karen M; Kelly, Ryan F; Sundt, Thoralf M

    2010-05-01

    Integrative therapies such as massage have gained support as interventions that improve the overall patient experience during hospitalization. Cardiac surgery patients undergo long procedures and commonly have postoperative back and shoulder pain, anxiety, and tension. Given the promising effects of massage therapy for alleviation of pain, tension, and anxiety, we studied the efficacy and feasibility of massage therapy delivered in the postoperative cardiovascular surgery setting. Patients were randomized to receive a massage or to have quiet relaxation time (control). In total, 113 patients completed the study (massage, n=62; control, n=51). Patients receiving massage therapy had significantly decreased pain, anxiety, and tension. Patients were highly satisfied with the intervention, and no major barriers to implementing massage therapy were identified. Massage therapy may be an important component of the healing experience for patients after cardiovascular surgery.

  9. Massage induces an immediate, albeit short-term, reduction in muscle stiffness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eriksson Crommert, M; Lacourpaille, L; Heales, L J; Tucker, K; Hug, F

    2015-10-01

    Using ultrasound shear wave elastography, the aims of this study were: (a) to evaluate the effect of massage on stiffness of the medial gastrocnemius (MG) muscle and (b) to determine whether this effect (if any) persists over a short period of rest. A 7-min massage protocol was performed unilaterally on MG in 18 healthy volunteers. Measurements of muscle shear elastic modulus (stiffness) were performed bilaterally (control and massaged leg) in a moderately stretched position at three time points: before massage (baseline), directly after massage (follow-up 1), and following 3 min of rest (follow-up 2). Directly after massage, participants rated pain experienced during the massage. MG shear elastic modulus of the massaged leg decreased significantly at follow-up 1 (-5.2 ± 8.8%, P = 0.019, d = -0.66). There was no difference between follow-up 2 and baseline for the massaged leg (P = 0.83) indicating that muscle stiffness returned to baseline values. Shear elastic modulus was not different between time points in the control leg. There was no association between perceived pain during the massage and stiffness reduction (r = 0.035; P = 0.89). This is the first study to provide evidence that massage reduces muscle stiffness. However, this effect is short lived and returns to baseline values quickly after cessation of the massage.

  10. 21 CFR 872.6650 - Massaging pick or tip for oral hygiene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 21 Food and Drugs 8 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Massaging pick or tip for oral hygiene. 872.6650... (CONTINUED) MEDICAL DEVICES DENTAL DEVICES Miscellaneous Devices § 872.6650 Massaging pick or tip for oral hygiene. (a) Identification. A massaging pick or tip for oral hygiene is a rigid, pointed device...

  11. Sexual Health Education in Massage Therapy Programs: A Survey of Program Directors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamboni, Brian D.; Healey, Dale K.

    2016-01-01

    Massage therapy program directors completed an online survey to explore sexual education in massage therapy programs. The overall data suggest that program directors are supportive of sexual health education in the training of massage therapists and that such education is integrated into several aspects of their training programs. To enhance…

  12. En beskrivelse af tidligere stofmisbrugere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hecksher, Dorte

    2004-01-01

    Artiklen fokuserer på en del af et sample fra en større opfølgningsundersøgelse af døgnbehandlingsindsatsen overfor stofmisbrugere i Danmark. Formålet med artiklen er at beskrive den stoffri gruppe forud for indskrivning i døgnbehandling og i de første to år efter udskrivning fra døgnbehandling. ...

  13. Udredning af xerostomi og hyposalivation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Anne Marie Lynge; Dynesen, Anja Weirsøe; Jensen, Siri Beier

    2011-01-01

    Mundtørhed kræver grundig undersøgelse Xerostomi er ofte associeret til betydelig nedsat spytsekretion, men kan forekomme, uden at der objektivt kan påvises nedsat spytsekretion. Udredning af patienter, som klager over mundtørhed, bør således altid inkludere en omhyggelig anamnese, en detaljeret ...... adækvate behandlingsstrategier for den patient, som lider af xerostomi og nedsat spytsekretion....

  14. The effect of abdominal massage in reducing malignant ascites symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Tsae-Jyy; Wang, Hung-Ming; Yang, Tsai-Sheng; Jane, Sui-Whi; Huang, Tse-Hung; Wang, Chao-Hui; Lin, Yi-Hsin

    2015-02-01

    As many as 50% of end-stage cancer patients will develop ascites and associated symptoms, including pain, tiredness, nausea, depression, anxiety, drowsiness, loss of appetite, dyspnea, perceived abdominal bloating, and immobility. Abdominal massage may stimulate lymph return to the venous system and reduce ascites-related symptoms. The purpose of this study was to test the effect of abdominal massage in reducing these symptoms and reducing ascites itself as reflected in body weight. For a randomized controlled design using repeated measures, a sample of 80 patients with malignant ascites was recruited from gastroenterology and oncology units of a medical center in northern Taiwan and randomly assigned to the intervention or the control group. A 15-minute gentle abdominal massage, using straight rubbing, point rubbing, and kneading, was administered twice daily for 3 days. The control group received a twice-daily 15-minute social interaction contact with the same nurse. Symptoms and body weight were measured in the morning for 4 consecutive days from pre- to post-test. In generalized estimation equation modeling, a significant group-by-time interaction on depression, anxiety, poor wellbeing, and perceived abdominal bloating, indicated that abdominal massage improved these four symptoms, with the greatest effect on perceived bloating. The intervention had no effect on pain, tiredness, nausea, drowsiness, poor appetite, shortness of breath, mobility limitation, or body weight. Abdominal massage appears useful for managing selected symptoms of malignant ascites.

  15. Implementering af MultifunC

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henze-Pedersen, Sofie; Kohl, Katrine Syppli; Oldrup, Helene

    (MultifunC), som allerede havde vist lovende resultater i Norge og Sverige. I 2011 og 2012 åbnede to danske MultifunC-institutioner derfor i henholdsvis København og Aarhus. Denne rapport undersøger, hvordan implementeringen af MultifunC-programmet er forløbet i Danmark. Undersøgelsen viser, at ingen af de...... to danske institutioner lykkedes med at implementere MultifunC tilfredsstillende i løbet af implementeringsperioden. Det har fx været vanskeligt at implementere det tætte tværfaglige samarbejde mellem medarbejdere med forskellige fagprofessionelle baggrunde, som behandlingsprogrammet indebærer. Det har...... desuden været særdeles vanskeligt for de danske MultifunC-institutioner at få etableret det eksterne samarbejde med de sociale myndigheder i kommunerne, politiet, skoler og praktiksteder samt fritidstilbud i nærområdet, som også er en væsentlig del af behandlingsprogrammet. Undersøgelsen af finansieret af...

  16. Massage Changes Babies' Body, Brain and Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishikawa, Chihiro; Shiga, Takashi

    Tactile stimulation is an important factor in mother-infant interactions. Many studies on both human and animals have shown that tactile stimulation during the neonatal period has various beneficial effects in the subsequent growth of the body and brain. In particular, massage is often applied to preterm human babies as “touch care”, because tactile stimulation together with kinesthetic stimulation increases body weight, which is accompanied by behavioral development and the changes of endocrine and neural conditions. Among them, the elevation of insulin-like growth factor-1, catecholamine, and vagus nerve activity may underlie the body weight gain. Apart from the body weight gain, tactile stimulation has various effects on the nervous system and endocrine system. For example, it has been reported that tactile stimulation on human and animal babies activates parasympathetic nervous systems, while suppresses the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenalcortical (HPA) axis, which may be related to the reduction of emotionality, anxiety-like behavior, and pain sensitivity. In addition, animal experiments have shown that tactile stimulation improves learning and memory. Facilitation of the neuronal activity and the morphological changes including the hippocampal synapse may underlie the improvement of the learning and memory. In conclusion, it has been strongly suggested that tactile stimulation in early life has beneficial effects on body, brain structure and function, which are maintained throughout life.

  17. På sporet af de gyldne opskrifter?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulfelt, Flemming

    2015-01-01

    Børsen Ledelse. Markedet for kogebøger er stort. For der produceres hvert år et hav nye af slagsen. Nogle udgives af kendte kokke, nogle af særlige eksperter inden for kost og motion, og andre af personer, der har en ægte interesse inden for gastronomi og mad. På ledelsesområdet findes en...

  18. Demokratiseringen af den politiske diskurs i Polen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arnfast, Juni Søderberg

    1999-01-01

    Gennem en analyse af brugen af personlige pronominer i politiske tekster fra udvalgte, polske medier diskuteres forandringerne i den polske, politiske diskurs gennem 1980'erne. Det påvises at det kommunistiske styres anvendelse af pronominet 'vi' skifter konnotationer i retning af en mindre ideol...

  19. Kants Kritik af dømmekraften

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Introduktion til Kants Kritik af dømmekraften bestående af otte artikler, der følger værkets egen tematiske opbygning......Introduktion til Kants Kritik af dømmekraften bestående af otte artikler, der følger værkets egen tematiske opbygning...

  20. Dimensionering af rørisolering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olufsen, P.

    Meddelelsen gennemgår metoderne til dimensionering af termisk isolering af tekniske installationer i bygninger med hovedvægten på isolering af rør og beholdere i varme- og brugsvandsanlæg. Grundlaget for opstilling af mindstekrav til rørisolering diskuteres og der sammenlignes med tilsvarende...

  1. Overvejelser vedr. effektvurdering af det Digitale Sygehus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Povl Erik Rostgård; Wit, Camilla Kølsen de

    2001-01-01

    Nærværende skrift indeholder en beskrivelse af de overvejelser og planer, der er lavet på projektet 'Effektvurdering af Det Digitale Sygehus' medio dec. 2001.......Nærværende skrift indeholder en beskrivelse af de overvejelser og planer, der er lavet på projektet 'Effektvurdering af Det Digitale Sygehus' medio dec. 2001....

  2. Betydningen af pesticider for forekomsten af vilde bier

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruus, Marianne; Dupont, Yoko Luise; Grant, Ruth;

    Både i Danmark og andre steder er der observeret en nedgang i de insekter, der bestøver landmandens afgrøder og de vilde planter. Tilbagegangen falder sammen med, at landbrugsdriften er blevet mere intensiv, og anvendelsen af pesticider er øget. Vi ved imidlertid ikke, hvilken rolle pesticiderne...... vigtige for bestøvningen af fx kløver og mange vilde planter. Da humlebier og andre vilde bier har en anden adfærd og placerer deres reder andre steder end honningbierne, er det ikke givet, at de er beskyttet mod pesticideksponering, selv om honningbierne er. I pilotprojektet ”Betydningen af pesticider...... for forekomsten af vilde bier og honningbier” har Aarhus Universitet på to landbrugsbedrifter gennemført en indledende undersøgelse af, om humlebier udsættes for pesticider i danske landbrugsområder. Humlebistader blev sat ud i to værkstedsområder (ved Fensten og Rodstenseje syd for Odder), hvor driftsformen...

  3. Effekter ved udlicitering af offentlige opgaver

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Ole Helby; Hjelmar, Ulf; Vrangbæk, Karsten;

    2014-01-01

    Denne rapport præsenterer resultaterne af en systematisk forskningsoversigt over studier af effekter af udlicitering publiceret i perioden 2011-2014. Forskningsoversigten opdaterer en AKF-rapport fra 2011, som gennemgik publicerede undersøgelser af effekter ved udlicitering i perioden 2000-2011 (......-2014. Indsamlingen og vurderingen af studier er afsluttet d. 27. oktober 2014, hvilket betyder, at studier udgivet efter denne dato ikke indgår i forskningsoversigten....

  4. Effect of Rolling Massage on Particle Moving Behaviour in Blood Vessels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YI Hou-Hui; FAN Li-Juan; YANG Xiao-Feng; CHEN Yan-Yan

    2008-01-01

    The rolling massage manipulation is a classic Chinese massage, which is expected to eliminate many diseases.Here the effect of the rolling massage on the particle moving property in the blood vessels under the rolling massage manipulation is studied by the lattice Boltzmann simulation. The simulation results show that the particle moving behaviour depends on the rolling velocity, the distance between particle position and rolling position. The average values, including particle translational velocity and angular velocity, increase as the rolling velocity increases almost linearly. The result is helpful to understand the mechanism of the massage and develop the rolling techniques.

  5. Recent advances in massage therapy--a review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, S-L; Qi, W; Li, H; Wang, Y-F; Yang, X-F; Li, Z-M; Lu, Q; Cong, D-Y

    2015-10-01

    Massage therapy is one of the most widely accepted alternative form of medicine helping patients suffering from varied pathological states including arthritis, anxiety, sleep problems, pain management and injury repair. Besides this, it is one of the safest forms of alternative medicine and has become favorite among various health care professionals. However, there is still a lot of debate is going in medical world pertaining to its certain use in modern medicine. So, the present review shall enlighten all the latest aspects of massage therapy in current medicine.

  6. Thai traditional massage: efficiency-assessment of three traditional massage methods on office workers: an explorative study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoopat, Pongjan; Maes, Christophe; Poriau, Stefaan; Vanwonterghem, Kamiel

    2015-04-01

    Thai Traditional Massage (TTM) is popular and widely spread in Thailand. This project is aimed at studying the physiological efficiency of three popular TTM methods based on acupressure Meridian basal lines: the Sen Sib(SS) ten lines, Ratchsamnak (RS), Royal style; and Chaloeysak (CS), Folk style. Thirty healthy female administrative employees participated as patients. All were treated for 30 min with the 3 types of massage with a two-week interval between each treatment. Muscle strain was objectified by measuring strength and endurance with surface electromyography of muscle put under stress during office work: the M. Trapezius (static postural load) and the wrist muscles (M. flexors & extensors Carpi-Radialis) (dynamic contractions) as well as measuring the subjective Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) before and after the sessions. An ANOVA-statistical analysis showed that strength in shoulders was not significantly different, but some forearm fatigue was decreased significantly among the three massage techniques.

  7. Domesticeringen af Ford i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wagner, Michael

    Det amerikanske automobilfirma Ford Motor Company med hovedkvarter i Detroit begyndte at drive forretning i Danmark omkring 1906. De første aktiviteter blev konsolideret samme år ved udnævnelsen af motorforhandleren F. Bülow & Co. til salgsagent i Danmark og importør af Ford automobiler til det...... skandinaviske marked. Dermed havde Ford tidligt fået et stærkt fodfæste i Nordeuropa, som udviklingen i salget af Ford autobiler de næste årtier til fulde skulle demonstrere. Ford Motor Company er i dag den fjerde største bilproducent på verdensmarkedet, men går man tilbage til 1920'rne var selskabet førende...... med en markedsandel på mere end 50%. En position som Ford måtte afgive til General Motors i løbet af årtiet. I Danmark var mere end hvert andet indregistreret automobil i 1930 antageligt af mærket Ford, og helt frem til verdenskrigens udbrud var Ford Motor Company et brand, som spillede en meget...

  8. Can stimulating massage improve joint repositioning error in patients with knee osteoarthritis?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Hans; Henriksen, Marius; Bartels, Else M

    2009-01-01

    PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of massage applied to the thigh muscles on joint repositioning error (JRE) in patients suffering from osteoarthritis (OA).We hypothesized that stimulating massage of the muscles around an osteoarthritic knee joint, could improve...... of rheumatology, were randomly allocated to either receive massage and a week later, act as controls or vice versa. The applied massage consisted of stimulating massage of the quadriceps femoris, sartorious, gracilus, and hamstrings muscles for 10 min on the affected leg. Participants had their JRE measured...... before and immediately after the 10 min massage and control sessions. Data were analyzed by using paired t-test. RESULTS: No significant change in JRE was observed (95% CI: -0.62 degrees to 0.85 degrees, p = 0.738). CONCLUSION: Massage has no effect on the immediate joint repositioning error in patients...

  9. Brug af alternativ isolering i forbindelse med renovering af ældre etageejendomme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ernst Jan de Place

    2003-01-01

    Resume af rapport om praktiske erfaringer med brug af alternative isoleringsmaterialer i en renoveringsopgave, udarbejdet af Byfornyelse København m.fl. under Energistyrelsens udviklingsprogram "Miljø- og arbejdsmiljøvenlig isolering"...

  10. Reduktionen af satsen for selskabsskat gør en ændring af creditreglerne aktuel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rønfeldt, Thomas; Werlauff, Erik

    2013-01-01

    Artiklen analyserer sammenhængen mellem satsen for selskabsskatten og maksimeringen af creditlempelsen ved aktivitet i udlandet. Der argumenteres for, at en nedsættelse af selskabsskatten aktualoiserer behovet for en gfennemgribende reform af reglerne om maksimeret credit.......Artiklen analyserer sammenhængen mellem satsen for selskabsskatten og maksimeringen af creditlempelsen ved aktivitet i udlandet. Der argumenteres for, at en nedsættelse af selskabsskatten aktualoiserer behovet for en gfennemgribende reform af reglerne om maksimeret credit....

  11. Implementering af drift i byggeri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgaard, Torben; Erichsen, Pia Bruun

    På trods af, at der løbende er udgivet materiale der argumenterer for at tænke drift ind i byggeprocesser, er der problemer med, at det faktisk sker. Undersøgelser viser, at forskellige barrierer kan være årsag til problemerne. Disse barrierer kan opstilles inden for følgende kategorier: Projekt...... med i byggeriet. Som følge af dette skal der løbende skabes nye relationer mellem parterne, og der skal arbejdes sammen på nye måder. De forskellige barrierer syntes at være mest fremtrædende ved offentlige byggerier, men også private innovative byggerier er præget af barriererne. Der er flere...

  12. Styring af international transfer pricing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reuther, Peter; Rossing, Christian Plesner

    2011-01-01

    Nærværende artikel introducerer international transfer pricing, dels som et skatteretligt fænomen og dels som et værktøj til planlægning og økonomisk styring af koncernforbundne selskaber i en multinational virksomhed (MNV). Med udgangspunkt i en case-analyse af MNV’en gives der et konkret eksempel...... international transfer pricing i betragtning, når økonomiske styringssystemer i en MNV skal anvendes til planlægning og opfølgning....

  13. På sporet af den tabte sans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Thomas Rosendal

    2014-01-01

    Analyse af en workshop om interaktive strategier i børneteater for børn. Workshoppen fandt sted på Dramatikkens hus i Oslo og blev ledet af Sara Topsøe-Jensen, kunstneriske leder af teatret Carte Blanche.......Analyse af en workshop om interaktive strategier i børneteater for børn. Workshoppen fandt sted på Dramatikkens hus i Oslo og blev ledet af Sara Topsøe-Jensen, kunstneriske leder af teatret Carte Blanche....

  14. Fiktionen, der var ude af sig selv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Kim Toft

    2007-01-01

    På baggrund af en analyse af Lars Frosts roman Smukke biler efter krigen (2004) reflekterer jeg over fiktionen som på én gang selvberoende og selvnedbrydende størrelse, og der henvises til Adornos æstetik som en mulig teoretisk ramme for begribelsen af dette tilsyneladende paradoks.......På baggrund af en analyse af Lars Frosts roman Smukke biler efter krigen (2004) reflekterer jeg over fiktionen som på én gang selvberoende og selvnedbrydende størrelse, og der henvises til Adornos æstetik som en mulig teoretisk ramme for begribelsen af dette tilsyneladende paradoks....

  15. Durability of effect of massage therapy on blood pressure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahshid Givi

    2013-01-01

    Conclusions: Findings of the study indicated that massage therapy was a safe, effective, applicable and cost-effective intervention in controlling BP of the pre-hypertension women and it can be used in the health care centers and even at home.

  16. Effects of Infant Massage on Attachment Security: An Experimental Manipulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jump, Vonda K.

    The formation of attachments is an important phenomenon occurring in the realm of socioemotional development. This study examined the impact of infant massage on infants' subsequent attachment security. Fifty-seven mother-infant dyads (48 dyads from Head Start, 9 from the community at large) were randomly assigned to a treatment or control group…

  17. Posture-dependent chronotropic effect of carotid sinus massage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, M; Oxhøj, H; Mickley, H

    1987-01-01

    The hypertensive carotid sinus can be divided into cardioinhibitory (chronotropic) and vasodepressor components; the former can be evaluated by carotid sinus massage performed in the supine position. We present the case of a patient in whom the abnormal cardioinhibitory response could only...

  18. Massage bij verpleeghuisbewoners met ernstige dementie: een waardevolle interventie.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Inhulsen, M.B.; Verkaik, R.; Busch, M.; Francke, A.

    2016-01-01

    Zorgverleners vinden dat massage een waardevolle bijdrage levert aan de zorg voor verpleeghuisbewoners met ernstige dementie. Met name in het maken van contact en het verminderen van onrust. Dit blijkt uit een pilot uitgevoerd door zorgorganisatie Laurens, het Van Praag Instituut en onderzoeksinstit

  19. Advancing Massage Therapy Research Competencies: Dimensions for Thought and Action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hymel, Glenn M.

    Two major developments in the therapeutic massage and bodywork profession have recently brought to the forefront the issue of research competencies. The profession has been called to a potentially heightened level of credibility. One challenge to the profession's development is that of coordinating the various curricular, instructional,…

  20. A Meta-Analysis of Massage Therapy Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moyer, Christopher A.; Rounds, James; Hannum, James W.

    2004-01-01

    Massage therapy (MT) is an ancient form of treatment that is now gaining popularity as part of the complementary and alternative medical therapy movement. A meta-analysis was conducted of studies that used random assignment to test the effectiveness of MT. Mean effect sizes were calculated from 37 studies for 9 dependent variables. Single…

  1. Ice massage on chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Sadeghi Shermeh

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aim: Nausea and vomiting are the most common side effects of chemotherapy. The aim of the current study was to assess the effect of ice massage applied to the pericardium 6 (P6 or Neigaun acupuncture point on nausea– vomiting due to chemotherapy in cancer patient. Materials and Methods: In a randomized clinical trial one- blind, 114 patients were randomly divided into three groups. Ice massage group were massaged gently on the skin around P6 point of the hand with ice cube into a wet gauze pad for 7 minutes twice a day with 12-hours interval for 24 hours by the patient. Placebo group were massaged with wooden cube and the control group received no interventions. Nausea and vomiting in three groups rated by Morrow Assessment of Nausea and Emesis (MANE Questionnaire in 4 periods of time in 24 hours was used for the assessment of nausea and vomiting. Results: There were significant decreases in the frequency of nausea (P<0.01 and vomiting (P<0.03 and a decrease in the intensity of nausea (P=0.63 and vomiting (P=0.34 in the case group. Frequency of nausea was significantly lower among placebo group than the control group (P<0.02. Conclusion: Ice massage on Neigaun point is effective on reducing the frequency of chemotherapy induced nausea and vomiting in cancer patients. Placebos, patient-practitioner relationship, suggestion, and the patient's view on nausea and vomiting and the role of interaction between the therapist and the patient is effective to some extent.

  2. Af materialitet er du kommet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skiveren, Tobias; Gregersen, Martin

    2015-01-01

    På baggrund af bogen "Den materielle drejning. En (ny) optik i og på aktuel dansk litteratur", der udkommer i 2016, skitserer artiklen, hvordan en filosofisk-teoretisk nyorientering under overskriften "den materielle drejning" i øjeblikket udkrystalliserer sig på en henholdsvis økokritisk, posthu......, posthuman og kropsmaterialistisk strømning i dansk samtidslitteratur....

  3. Udvikling af ledelse via ledelseskoncepter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frimann, Søren; Thomassen, Anja Overgaard; Keller, Hanne Dauer

    I denne artikel beskæftiger vi os med, hvordan ledelse kan udvikles i spændingsfeltet mellem udefrakommende krav om mere fælles fodslag i ledelsen og den enkelte leders behov for at tilpasse sin ledelsesstil til den aktuelle kontekst. Konkret ser vi nærmere på, hvordan der blandt en gruppe af led...

  4. Virksomhedernes opfattelse af arbejdsmarkedets "restgrupper"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Christian Albrekt

    2010-01-01

    Artiklen beskriver, hvorledes danske arbejdsgivere opfatter ældre ledige, ledige indvandrere og ledige med lang forudgående ledighed. Det teoretiske udgangspunkt er, at arbejdsmarkedets fundamentale informationsproblemer fører til brug af statistisk diskrimination og frygt for «lemons». Analyserne...

  5. Signalement af en tabers temperament

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Claus

    2009-01-01

    En moderne taber tager ting for tungt, benytter sig ikke nok af glemslens nådegave og har vanskeligt ved at finde en lykkelig fortælling om fortiden. Derfor siger vi i dag: Tag en slapper, tag en pille og tag nogle samtaler....

  6. Forskningsoversigt - Effekterne af Cooperative Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Lea Lund

    Kan Cooperative Learning - en undervisningsform hvor lærerens tid ved tavlen mindskes og hvor de lærende samarbejder om stoffet - maksimere de lærendes indlæring og medvirke til en forbedring af deres interpersonelle og kommunikative kompetencer, samt øge deres motivation for læring? Den megen...

  7. Patentering af det humane genom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sommer, Tine

    2004-01-01

    Direktiv 98/44/EF om retlig beskyttelse af bioteknologiske opfindelser blev gennemført i dansk ret med ikrafttrædelse den 30. juli 2000. Direktivet indeholder i artikel 5 en central bestemmelse som giver adgang til patent på humane gener. I artikel 5, stk. 3, er indføjet et skærpet krav til...

  8. Bliver seksualitetsforskningen lykkelig af moralismeanklager?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frederiksen, Maja Bissenbakker

    2010-01-01

    Anmeldelse: ‘Piger bliver ikke lykkelige af analsex’ er underholdende og sine steder forstemmende læsning om de problematiske måder, hvorpå offentlige debatter de seneste år har gjort seksualitet til genstand for en overvældende bekymring og deraf følgende krav om regulering og kontrol"...

  9. Domesticeringen af Ford i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wagner, Michael

    2011-01-01

    Det amerikanske automobilfirma Ford Motor Company (1903) med hovedkvarter i Detroit begyndte at drive forretning i Danmark omkring 1906. Dermed havde Ford tidligt fået et stærkt fodfæste i Nordeuropa, som udviklingen i salget af Ford automobiler de næste årtier til fulde skulle demonstrere...

  10. Reformering af vejforvaltning i Afrika

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristiansen, Jørgen

    2004-01-01

    I 1980´erne skete der et hurtigt forfald af vejnettet i mange lande i Afrika syd for Sahara. Både Verdensbanken, EU og de bilaterale donorer blev klar over, at nye institutionelle løsninger var nødvendige, hvis udviklingen skulle vendes. I 1995 blev der under det såkaldte "Road Management...

  11. Fluoridering af drikkevandet i Danmark?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arvin, Erik; Spliid, Henrik; Bruvo, M.;

    2010-01-01

    Første gang sammenhængen mellem caries (huller i tænderne) og fluoridindholdet i drikkevand blev diskuteret i vandværkskredse i Danmark var ved årsmødet i 1958. Her blev det oplyst, at fluorid i drikkevand beskytter mod caries, men man konstaterede også, at der nok ikke var stemning for fluorid......-tilsætning til drikkevandet (fluoridering). Siden da er emnet ikke taget op. Formålet med dette indlæg er at besvare spørgsmålene: 1. Er der behov for fluoridering af drikkevandet i Danmark? 2. Er der alternativer? Hvordan påvirker blødgøring af vand og andre vandbehandlingsmetoder dental caries hos børn og unge......? Som baggrund herfor vil vi redegøre for resultaterne af et netop afsluttet studium af sammenhængen mellem caries og drikkevandets sammensætning, specielt m.h.t. luoridindholdet og vandets calciumindhold (hårdhed). Undersøgelsen bekræfter, at fluorid i drikkevand i væsentlig grad beskytter mod caries...

  12. Udredning af xerostomi og hyposalivation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Anne Marie Lynge; Dynesen, Anja Weirsøe; Jensen, Siri Beier

    2011-01-01

    Mundtørhed kræver grundig undersøgelse Xerostomi er ofte associeret til betydelig nedsat spytsekretion, men kan forekomme, uden at der objektivt kan påvises nedsat spytsekretion. Udredning af patienter, som klager over mundtørhed, bør således altid inkludere en omhyggelig anamnese, en detaljeret ...

  13. På sporet af fremtidens konkurrenceevne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boje Rasmussen, Martin Møller

    2013-01-01

    Michael Porter og Harvard Business School står bag nyt banebrydende initiativ, Social Progress Index, som måler et samfunds evne til at skabe livskvalitet for borgerne. Dette aktualiserer debatten om udviklingen af helt nye konkurrencemodeller. Der er tale om et valg mellem tre forskellige typer...

  14. Case-Studie af Fredericia Battle 1849

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Konzack, Lars

    2015-01-01

    En gennemgang af hvordan oplevelsesøkomien fungerer diskursivt - med Fredericia Battle 1849 som case.......En gennemgang af hvordan oplevelsesøkomien fungerer diskursivt - med Fredericia Battle 1849 som case....

  15. Udvikling af systemleverancer, parametri og BIM

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kortegaard, Per

    2016-01-01

    Seminaret rummede indlæg fra både nogle af projektets tidligere ph.d.-studerende og forskellige kompetente professionelle personer fra forskellige grene af praksis. Seminaret gav samlet et fint billede af status indenfor udviklingen af systemleverancer og deres anvendelse i relation til BIM (Buil...... (Building Information Modeling) nationalt som internationalt. Nærværende publikation og dens PDF-udgave rummer seminarets indlæg og illustrationer.......Seminaret rummede indlæg fra både nogle af projektets tidligere ph.d.-studerende og forskellige kompetente professionelle personer fra forskellige grene af praksis. Seminaret gav samlet et fint billede af status indenfor udviklingen af systemleverancer og deres anvendelse i relation til BIM...

  16. Politisk afmagt og udhuling af frihed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Steen

    2015-01-01

    Vi oplever lige nu en politisk handlingslammelse som forudset af den liberale økonom von Hayek.......Vi oplever lige nu en politisk handlingslammelse som forudset af den liberale økonom von Hayek....

  17. Æstetisk tolkning af moderne landbrugslandskaber?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krarup, Jonna Majgaard

    2001-01-01

    Præsentation af del af igangværende ph.d.projekt, titel: landbrugeren som kulturlandskabsforvalter - AAA, DK. I projektet arbejdes der udfra en tese om naturopfattelse som af instrumentiel og formdannende karakter. Det moderne landbrugslandskabs ses således som fysisk og æstetisk udtryk for abstr......Præsentation af del af igangværende ph.d.projekt, titel: landbrugeren som kulturlandskabsforvalter - AAA, DK. I projektet arbejdes der udfra en tese om naturopfattelse som af instrumentiel og formdannende karakter. Det moderne landbrugslandskabs ses således som fysisk og æstetisk udtryk...... for abstrakte og kulturelt definerede holdninger af forholdet mellem menneske og natur - forvaltet af den moderne landbruger. I artiklen fokuseres der på et enkelt landskabselement og dets iboende muligheder for æstetisk erfaring og fortolkning....

  18. Estimation of Comfortable/Uncomfortable Feeling Based on EEG by Using NN and k-means Algorithm for Massage Chair

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teramae, Tatsuya; Kushida, Daisuke; Takemori, Fumiaki; Kitamura, Akira

    A present massage chair realizes the massage motion and force designed by a professional masseur. However, appropriate massage force to the user can not be provided by the massage chair in such a method. On the other hand, the professional masseur can realize an appropriate massage force to more than one patient, because, the masseur considers the physical condition of the patient. Our research proposed the intelligent massage system of applying masseur's procedure for the massage chair using estimated skin elasticity and DB to relate skin elasticity and massage force. However, proposed system has a problem that DB does not adjust to unknown user, because user's feeling by massage can not be estimated. Then, this paper proposed the estimation method of comfortable/uncomfortable feeling based on EEG using the neural network and k-means algorithm. The realizability of the proposed method is verified by the experimental works.

  19. Sygeplejestuderendes brug af portfolio i klinisk undervisning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjorth, Anne Charlotte Overgaard; Bruhn, Helle

    2014-01-01

    Brugen af portfolio var mangelfuld, men et udviklingsprojekt i samarbejde med den kommunale sygepleje motiverede både sygeplejestuderende og kliniske vejledere til at anvende læringsdelen af portfolio aktivt.......Brugen af portfolio var mangelfuld, men et udviklingsprojekt i samarbejde med den kommunale sygepleje motiverede både sygeplejestuderende og kliniske vejledere til at anvende læringsdelen af portfolio aktivt....

  20. Kortlægning af unge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skou, Carl Verner

    2009-01-01

    Computerprogram til Windows XP/Vista platformen til indberetning af unge under 18 år til registering af stofmisbrug og sociale data. Udgave: 1.0.1.1 Udgivelsesdato: 01-01-2009......Computerprogram til Windows XP/Vista platformen til indberetning af unge under 18 år til registering af stofmisbrug og sociale data. Udgave: 1.0.1.1 Udgivelsesdato: 01-01-2009...

  1. Udviklingen af rumopfattelsen 1600-2000

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brock, Steen

    2010-01-01

    Hovedtræk af rumopfattelsens idehistorie fra Descartes til Wittgenstein med speciel vægt på Kant, værkbegrebet, modelbegrebet og den fænomenologiske opfattelse af rummet som handlingens sted......Hovedtræk af rumopfattelsens idehistorie fra Descartes til Wittgenstein med speciel vægt på Kant, værkbegrebet, modelbegrebet og den fænomenologiske opfattelse af rummet som handlingens sted...

  2. Måling af mineraluldsfibre i indeklimaet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, O.; Andersen, N.E.; Bredsdorff, P.;

    Rapporten beskriver resultaterne af målinger af luftbårne mineraluldsfibre, luftbårne ikke-mineraluldsfibre, luftbårent støv samt sedimenterede mineraluldsfibre i 105 lokaler med forskellige loftstyper. Resultaterne vil bl.a. kunne anvendes i forbindelse med vurdering af mulighederne for reduceri...

  3. Registrering af biometriske og biologiske personoplysninger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blume, Peter Erik; Herrmann, Janne Rothmar

    2009-01-01

    Med udgangspunkt i menneskeretsdomstolens Marper dom drøftes i artiklen indretningen af dansk rets regler om registrering af fingeraftryk og dna-profil med tilhørende biologisk materiale, og om dommen nødvendiggør ændringer af disse regler....

  4. Forskningsbibliotekernes bidrag til produktion af evidensbaseret viden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johannsen, Carl Gustav

    2012-01-01

    Artiklen indeholder en karakteristik af evidensbevægelsens metodemæssige grundlag, hvor det pointeres, at evidensbevægelsen er et forgrenet, internationalt samrabejde om produktion og formidling af systematiske reviews vedr. effektiviteten af offentlige indsatser, interventioner, som hovedformål....

  5. Regulering af jødiske kroppe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schleicher, Marianne

    2014-01-01

    på teori dels af Michel Foucault om, hvordan kultur sikrer sin egen overlevelse ved at indsamle viden om bl.a. kroppe med henblik på at regulere brugen af dem, dels af Judith Butler, der bl.a. forklarer, hvordan kultur trods alt er åben for såkaldt subversion, idet det bidrager til at udvide og...

  6. Registrering og Benchmarking af Modus 2 Forskning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duus, Henrik Johannsen; Jørgensen, Jens E.

    2004-01-01

    Fremvæksten af modus 2 forskning stiller krav om en revurdering af højere læreanstalters evaluerings- og meriteringspraksis. Den endimensionale prioritering af modus 1 forskning såvel som dennes ligeså endimensionale evaluering via publikationer må afvises som utidssvarende. Som en konsekvens her...

  7. Energioptimering af bæredygtighedscertificeringsprocesserne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Dorthe Holmberg; Carlsen, Mads; Alon, Shlomo Nevo

    2014-01-01

    Større fokus på bæredygtighedscertificeringer som DGNB har yderligere øget kompleksiteten af designet af bygninger. Introduktionen af teknologier som building information modelling (BIM) og proces metoder som integreret design proces (IDP) kan hjælpe med at reducere kompleksiteten og bedre...

  8. Modelanalyser af mobilitet og miljø

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Linda; Gudmundsson, Henrik

    Begrebet bæredygtig transport diskuteres og ved hjælp af persontrafikmodellen ALTRANS belyses mulighederne for at fremme bæredygtig udvikling gennem en række scenarier. Desuden præsenteres en mere detaljeret analyse af ændringer i CO2-belastningen ved forbedring af den kollektive trafiks servicen...

  9. Dimensionering af indblæsning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Peter V.

    1974-01-01

    Dimensionering af indblæsningsarmaturer og bestemmelse af luftfordeling i lokaler bygger traditionelt på kendskabet til isotermiske fristråler og vægstråler. Som det fremgår af skitserne i indholdsfortegnelsen, indleder vi også med dette emne. Derefter udsætter vi - skridt for skridt - de ideele...

  10. Fermentering af korn øger fordøjeligheden af næringsstoffer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Anni Øyan; Jørgensen, Henry Johs. Høgh; Knudsen, Knud Erik Bach;

    2010-01-01

    Et fordøjelighedsforsøg har vist, at energiværdien af byg og hvede steg ved fermentering. Effekten var størst ved fermentering af byg, hvor fordøjeligheden af organisk stof for enden af tyndtarmen steg statistisk sikkert med 9 %. Ved fermentering af hvede steg fordøjeligheden af organisk stof...... statistisk sikkert med 3 %. Stigningen i energiværdien ved fermentering af korn kunne ikke vises ved foderanalyser (FEsv), hvilket viser, at in vitro-analyserne EFOS og EFOSi ikke kan anvendes til vurdering af effekten af fermentering. Fordøjeligheden af fosfor i foderblandinger baseret på byg eller hvede og...... tilskudsfoder steg statistisk sikkert ved fermentering af kornet. Der blev ikke tilsat mikrobiel fytase. Ved fermentering af byg steg fordøjeligheden af fosfor i foderblandingen fra 32 til 47 %, og ved fermentering af hvede steg fordøjeligheden af fosfor i blandingen fra 43 til 57 %. Fordøjeligheden af fosfor i...

  11. Undersøgelse af kommunernes administration af bygningsreglementets elevatorkrav

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grangaard, Sidse

    få dispensationsansøgninger for elevator ved nybyggeri. Undersøgelsen tyder dog på, at nogle bygherrer og rådgivere er opmærksomme på kravet og i nogle tilfælde vælger at disponere bygningen, så der ikke stilles krav om elevator. Ved ombygning og tilbygning oplever langt over halvdelen af kommunerne...

  12. Trafikanalyser af et net af letbaner og BRT i Hovedstaden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Otto Anker; Ingvardson, Jesper Bláfoss; Andersen, Jonas Lohmann Elkjær

    Denne rapport gennemgår et projekt for Region Hovedstaden, hvor letbanenet fra forårets opgave for Region Hovedstaden (Nielsen, Ingvardson & Andersen, 2013) blev detaljeret, viderebearbejdet og forbedret, hvorefter der er gennemført beregninger af forskellige varianter med OTM Trafikmodellen. Arb...... og sammenlignes med tidligere net og beregninger, der er blevet gennemført i Trængselskommissionens regi....

  13. Lattice Boltzmann Simulation of Blood Flow in Blood Vessels with the Rolling Massage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YI Hou-Hui; XU Shi-Xiong; QIAN Yue-Hong; FANG Hai-Ping

    2005-01-01

    @@ The rolling massage manipulation is a classic Chinese massage, which is expected to improve the circulation by pushing, pulling and kneading of the muscle. A model for the rolling massage manipulation is proposed and the lattice Boltzmann method is applied to study the blood flow in the blood vessels. The simulation results show that the blood flux is considerably modified by the rolling massage and the explicit value depends on the rolling frequency, the rolling depth, and the diameter of the vessel. The smaller the diameter of the blood vessel, the larger the enhancement of the blood flux by the rolling massage. The model, together with the simulation results,is expected to be helpful to understand the mechanism and further development of rolling massage techniques.

  14. Lattice Boltzmann simulation of behaviour of particles moving in blood vessels under the rolling massage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yi Hou-Hui; Yang Xiao-Feng; Wang Cai-Feng; Li Hua-Bing

    2009-01-01

    The rolling massage is one of the most important manipulations in Chinese massage, which is expected to eliminate many diseases. Here, the effect of the rolling massage on a pair of particles moving in blood vessels under rolling massage manipulation is studied by the lattice Boltzmann simulation. The simulated results show that the motion of each particle is considerably modified by the rolling massage, and it depends on the relative rolling velocity, the rolling depth, and the distance between particle position and rolling position. Both particles' translational average velocities increase almost linearly as the rolling velocity increases, and obey the same law. The increment of the average relative angular velocity for the leading particle is smaller than that of the trailing one. The result is helpful for understanding the mechanism of the massage and to further develop the rolling techniques.

  15. Adverse Events of Massage Therapy in Pain-Related Conditions: A Systematic Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ping Yin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Pain-related massage, important in traditional Eastern medicine, is increasingly used in the Western world. So the widening acceptance demands continual safety assessment. This review is an evaluation of the frequency and severity of adverse events (AEs reported mainly for pain-related massage between 2003 and 2013. Relevant all-languages reports in 6 databases were identified and assessed by two coauthors. During the 11-year period, 40 reports of 138 AEs were associated with massage. Author, year of publication, country of occurrence, participant related (age, sex or number of patients affected, the details of manual therapy, and clinician type were extracted. Disc herniation, soft tissue trauma, neurologic compromise, spinal cord injury, dissection of the vertebral arteries, and others were the main complications of massage. Spinal manipulation in massage has repeatedly been associated with serious AEs especially. Clearly, massage therapies are not totally devoid of risks. But the incidence of such events is low.

  16. Health psychology as a context for massage therapy: a conceptual model with CAM as mediator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hymel, Glenn M; Rich, Grant J

    2014-04-01

    Health psychology represents a context within which massage therapy research, education, and practice can be positioned for the mutual benefit of both. Furthermore, complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) more often than not plays a mediating role in relating massage therapy to health psychology. On occasion, though, the linkage between health psychology and massage therapy can be quite direct without the mediating influence of CAM. This paper, accordingly, advances a conceptual model via both flowchart and Venn diagram displays for viewing the health psychology context for massage therapy with the possibility of CAM as a mediating factor. Attention is also given to the broad range of issues constituting contemporary health psychology as well as its correspondence to an equally diverse array of client populations and health conditions addressed in massage therapy research. Future directions in the areas of health psychology, CAM, and massage therapy are proposed with a view toward a mutual and reciprocal benefit accruing to these behavioral and health science arenas.

  17. Måling af diskrimination på baggrund af etnisk oprindelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Tina Gudrun; Weibel, Kristina; Tørslev, Mette Kirstine

    Denne rapport sætter fokus på, hvordan man kan måle diskrimination på baggrund af etnisk oprindelse. På baggrund af et studie af tidligere undersøgelser på området og relevant metodelitteratur, søger rapporten at udvikle metoder til valide målinger af diskrimination på baggrund af etnisk oprindel...

  18. The Effect of Massage Therapy on Children’s Learning Process: A Review

    OpenAIRE

    Emtiazy, Majid; Abrishamkar, Mahboobeh

    2016-01-01

    Background: Massage therapy is the scientific manipulation of the soft tissues of the body for normalizing those tissues and consists of manual techniques that include applying fixed or movable pressure, holding, and/or causing movement of or to the body. There are more than 1500 massage training centers or schools in the United States. Several studies evaluated the effect of massage on elevating child health and to treat various disorders. Methods: In this review, keywords related to the sub...

  19. Intradialytic Massage for Leg Cramps Among Hemodialysis Patients: a Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial

    OpenAIRE

    Mastnardo, Diane; Lewis, Janice M.; Hall, Kristi; Catherine M. Sullivan; Cain, Katrice; Theurer, Jacqueline; Huml, Anne; Sehgal, Ashwini R.

    2016-01-01

    Background Patients on hemodialysis often experience muscle cramps that result in discomfort, shortened treatment times, and inadequate dialysis dose. Cramps have been associated with adversely affecting sleep and health-related quality of life, depression and anxiety. There is limited evidence available about massage in dialysis; however, massage in cancer patients has demonstrated decreases in pain, inflammation, and feelings of anxiety. These correlations indicate massage may be an effecti...

  20. Halvering af dagpengeperioden og akutpakken

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nilsson, Klara; Holt, Helle

    Formålet med denne undersøgelse er at give et øjebliksbillede af jobcentrenes og a-kassernes beskæftigelsesindsats her og nu. Gennem en række kvalitative interview med medarbejdere fra jobcentre og a-kasser belyses det, hvordan henholdsvis jobcentre og a-kasser har håndteret halveringen af...... at finde et job, hvilket blandt andet har betydet en tidligere og intensiveret indsats overfor de ledige. Den særlige indsats har derfor bidraget med et større fokus og sammenhæng i indsatsen for den enkelte borger gennem blandt andet en personlig jobformidler og fællessamtaler mellem den ledige, a...

  1. Ledelsesroller i globalisering af cleantech

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knudsen, Poul Frøjk; Tambo, Torben

    2011-01-01

    Cleantech anses i de fleste industrialiserede lande for den nye vækstbølge, der både skal fastholde arbejdspladser og beskæftigelse og også redde miljøet. Danmark har været early-mover på vindkraft. Aktiv ledelse har til dato fastholdt et forspring. Denne aktive ledelse har sikret anvendelse af...

  2. Vaccination af slagtekalve mod BRSV

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Graumann, Anne Mette; Larsen, Lars Erik

    2009-01-01

    Rspiratory Suncytial Virus) blev fundet til at være den typisk fundne virus, der forårsager lungebetændelse. Vacciner imod BRSV er tilgængelige på markedet, men de er aldrig blevt afprøvet systematisk under danske forhold. Formålet med dette forsøg er at undersøge effekten af to forskellige...

  3. Brug af alternativ isolering i Finland og Sverige

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ernst Jan de Place

    2001-01-01

    Resume af rapport om anvendelse af alternative isoleringsmaterialer i Finland og Sverige, udarbejdet af SBI under Energistyrelsens udviklingsprogram "Miljø- og arbejdsmiljøvenlig isolering".......Resume af rapport om anvendelse af alternative isoleringsmaterialer i Finland og Sverige, udarbejdet af SBI under Energistyrelsens udviklingsprogram "Miljø- og arbejdsmiljøvenlig isolering"....

  4. Didaktisk design af et pervasive learning game

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oldenskov, Joakim; Westergren, Jens; Frank, Anders Bredahl

    2010-01-01

    Projektet er et studie i det teoretiske grundlag for, og en empirisk undersøgelse, af en prototype for et didaktisk design af et pervasive learning game. Der arbejdes overordnet med udviklingen af et didaktisk design af et læringsspil som kombinerer mobile teknologier, det fysiske rum og eleverne...... game med en analyse af legen og motivationen iboende spillet. I det læringsteoretiske felt inddrages og diskuteres forskellige tilgange til læring og pervasive games, som alle repræsenterer et socialkonstruktivistisk syn på læring. Det didaktiske design danner grundlag for et prototypedesign af et...... spilkoncept, hvor remediering og it-kompetencer inddrages som vigtige teoretiske faktorer. Undersøgelsesdesignet er rettet mod elever i Folkeskolen igennem brugen af fokusgruppeinterviews, og dataindsamlingen er foretaget med video. Eleverne udtrykker sig i undersøgelsen klart omkring konceptets...

  5. Electromagnetic interference of implantable cardiac devices from a shoulder massage machine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshida, Saeko; Fujiwara, Kousaku; Kohira, Satoshi; Hirose, Minoru

    2014-09-01

    Shoulder massage machines have two pads that are driven by solenoid coils to perform a per cussive massage on the shoulders. There have been concerns that such machines might create electromagnetic interference (EMI) in implantable cardiac devices because of the time-varying magnetic fields produced by the alternating current in the solenoid coils. The objective of this study was to investigate the potential EMI from one such shoulder massage machine on implantable cardiac devices. We measured the distribution profile of the magnetic field intensity around the massage machine. Furthermore, we performed an inhibition test and an asynchronous test on an implantable cardiac pacemaker using the standardized Irnich human body model. We examined the events on an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) using a pacemaker programmer while the massage machine was in operation. The magnetic field distribution profile exhibited a peak intensity of 212 (A/m) in one of the solenoid coils. The maximal interference distance between the massage machine and the implantable cardiac pacemaker was 28 cm. Ventricular fibrillation was induced when the massage machine was brought near the electrode of the ICD and touched the Irnich human body model. It is necessary to provide a "don't use" warning on the box or the exterior of the massage machines or in the user manuals and to caution patients with implanted pacemakers about the dangers and appropriate usage of massage machines.

  6. Effect of olive oil massage on weight gain in preterm infants: A randomized controlled clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahnaz Jabraeile

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Despite the fact that effect of massage with or without oil on the baby′s weight gain is not clear, but recent studies have shown that massage with essential oils make lipid absorption through the skin. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of olive oil massage on weight gain in preterm infants. Materials and Methods: This study was a single-blind, randomized controlled clinical trial. In this study, infants who met inclusion criteria for the study were divided into two groups by using random numbers table. Newborns in intervention group were under massage for 10 days and 3 times for 15 min daily; the mother of these newborns had been trained already using olive oil. Moreover, the infants of the control group were under massaging without oil same as the above-mentioned method. Researchers weighed babies daily during 10 days and recorded it at the checklist. Data from the study were reviewed and analyzed by descriptive statistics and repeated measure test using the statistical software SPSS/13. Results: This study showed that the neonatal weight gain in the infants with the oil massage was 21 g daily in average, whereas the increase in infant massage without oil was 7 g. This difference was statistically significant (P < 0.001. Conclusion: Considering the positive effect of infant massage on weight gain in premature infants with olive oil, it is recommended that nurses use oil in infant massage in the neonatal units.

  7. Effects of therapeutic massage on gait and pain after delayed onset muscle soreness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Jun-Ho; Kim, Min-Jeong; Yang, Hyuk-Jin; Lee, Yu-Jin; Sung, Yun-Hee

    2014-04-01

    Unfamiliar or sudden exercise can induce delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) within 12-24 h. So, several researchers have reported various interventions to treat DOMS. Massage is generally known to eliminate muscle fatigue. However, effect of massage after DOMS is still not clear. We investigated whether the massage is effective on pain and gait after DOMS. The participants were divided into a control group (n= 10) with DOMS and an experimental group (n= 11) with the massage treated after DOMS. We induced DOMS by taking isotonic exercise with going up and down 20 times in 5-story building. We applied the massage and assessment on gastrocnemius of dominant foot. The change of gait and pain was assessed using gaitrite and algometer. In the present results, the massage on gastrocnemius after DOMS showed significant difference in pain (P< 0.05). Also, there was a significant difference in gait (P< 0.05), especially, spatial parameters (distance, step length, stride length) and temporal parameters (ambulation, heel on off time, stride velocity). Moreover, the pain relief after massage-treated in DOMS correlated with gait. These results suggest that the massage on gastrocnemius after DOMS has influence on pain and gait performance. Therefore, massage can be applied as intervention for delayed onset muscle soreness.

  8. Efficacy of massage on muscle soreness, perceived recovery, physiological restoration and physical performance in male bodybuilders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kargarfard, Mehdi; Lam, Eddie T C; Shariat, Ardalan; Shaw, Ina; Shaw, Brandon S; Tamrin, Shamsul B M

    2016-01-01

    It is believed that sport massage after intensive exercise might improve power and perceptual recovery in athletes. However, few studies have been done in this area. This study aimed to examine the effect of massage on the performance of bodybuilders. Thirty experienced male bodybuilders were randomly assigned to either a massage group (n = 15) or a control group (n = 15). Both groups performed five repetition sets at 75-77% of 1RM of knee extensor and flexor muscle groups. The massage group then received a 30-min massage after the exercise protocol while the control group maintained their normal passive recovery. Criteria under investigation included: plasma creatine kinase (CK) level, agility test, vertical jump test, isometric torque test, and perception of soreness. All variables were measured over 6 time periods: baseline, immediately after the DOMS inducing protocol, right after the massage, and 24, 48, and 72 h after the massage. Both groups showed significant (P < .001) decreases in jumping, agility performance, and isometric torque, but significant (P < .001) increases in CK and muscle soreness levels. The massage group in general demonstrated a better recovery rate. As such, a post-exercise massage session can improve the exercise performance and recovery rate in male bodybuilders after intensive exercise.

  9. The effect of self-aromatherapy massage of the abdomen on the primary dysmenorrhoea.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadeghi Aval Shahr, H; Saadat, M; Kheirkhah, M; Saadat, E

    2015-05-01

    Primary dysmenorrhoea (PD) is the most common gynaecological complaint that occurs in women. This study was a randomised controlled trial. The subjects were 75 students whose severity of pain was measured by visual analogue scale (VAS). Subjects were randomly divided into three groups: massage group with rose oil (n = 25) who applied self-massage with Rose damascene; a placebo group (n = 25) who performed self-massage with unscented almond oil and a no treatment control group (n = 25) who applied just self-massage. All three groups received the intervention in the first day of menstruation in two subsequent cycles. The severity of pain was self-reported by the students before and after intervention. All three groups were matched in demographic characteristics. The baseline pain reduced in the first cycle but this reduction was not significant in the groups (p > 0.05). In the second cycle, the menstrual pain was significantly lower in the rose oil group than in the other two groups after intervention (between massage with rose oil, almond oil p = 0.003 and massage with rose oil and just massage p = 0.000). Massage with aromatherapy reduces the severity of primary dysmenorrhoea, in comparison with massage therapy alone.

  10. Effectiveness of different styles of massage therapy in fibromyalgia: a systematic review and meta-analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, Susan Lee King; Matsutani, Luciana Akemi; Marques, Amélia Pasqual

    2015-04-01

    The systematic review aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of massage in fibromyalgia. An electronic search was conducted at MEDLINE, SCiELO, EMBASE, ISI, PEDro, SPORTDiscus, CINAHL, Cochrane CENTRAL and LILACS (Jan 1990-May 2013). Ten randomized and non-randomized controlled trials investigating the effects of massage alone on symptoms and health-related quality of life of adult patients with fibromyalgia were included. Two reviewers independently screened records, examined full-text reports for compliance with the eligibility criteria, and extracted data. Meta-analysis (pooled from 145 participants) shows that myofascial release had large, positive effects on pain and medium effects on anxiety and depression at the end of treatment, in contrast with placebo; effects on pain and depression were maintained in the medium and short term, respectively. Narrative analysis suggests that: myofascial release also improves fatigue, stiffness and quality of life; connective tissue massage improves depression and quality of life; manual lymphatic drainage is superior to connective tissue massage regarding stiffness, depression and quality of life; Shiatsu improves pain, pressure pain threshold, fatigue, sleep and quality of life; and Swedish massage does not improve outcomes. There is moderate evidence that myofascial release is beneficial for fibromyalgia symptoms. Limited evidence supports the application of connective tissue massage and Shiatsu. Manual lymphatic drainage may be superior to connective tissue massage, and Swedish massage may have no effects. Overall, most styles of massage therapy consistently improved the quality of life of fibromyalgia patients.

  11. Dosing study of massage for chronic neck pain: protocol for the dose response evaluation and analysis of massage [DREAM] trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sherman Karen J

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite the growing popularity of massage, its effectiveness for treating neck pain remains unclear, largely because of the poor quality of research. A major deficiency of previous studies has been their use of low “doses” of massage that massage therapists consider inadequate. Unfortunately, the number of minutes per massage session, sessions per week, or weeks of treatment necessary for massage to have beneficial or optimal effects are not known. This study is designed to address these gaps in our knowledge by determining, for persons with chronic neck pain: 1 the optimal combination of number of treatments per week and length of individual treatment session, and 2 the optimal number of weeks of treatment. Methods/design In this study, 228 persons with chronic non-specific neck pain will be recruited from primary health care clinics in a large health care system in the Seattle area. Participants will be randomized to a wait list control group or 4 weeks of treatment with one of 5 different dosing combinations (2 or 3 30-min treatments per week or 1, 2, or 3 60-min treatments per week. At the end of this 4-week primary treatment period, participants initially receiving each of the 5 dosing combinations will be randomized to a secondary treatment period of either no additional treatment or 6 weekly 60-min massages. The primary outcomes, neck-related dysfunction and pain, will be assessed by blinded telephone interviewers 5, 12, and 26 weeks post-randomization. To better characterize the trajectory of treatment effects, these interview data will be supplemented with outcomes data collected by internet questionnaire at 10, 16, 20 and 39 weeks. Comparisons of outcomes for the 6 groups during the primary treatment period will identify the optimal weekly dose, while comparisons of outcomes during the secondary treatment period will determine if 10 weeks of treatment is superior to 4 weeks. Discussion A broad dosing schedule

  12. Effectiveness of massage tuina in the periartritis escapulohumeral.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deysi Lourdes González Acosta

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available It was carried out a prospective, longitudinal, explanatory and applicable study, with the purpose of determining the therapeutic effectiveness of massage Tuina in the treatment of the periartritis escapulohumeral. The sample of the study was formed by 80 patients (40 patients for each one to receive independent treatments that were divided in a matched up way, according to the age, sex and semiología of pain, looking for the homogeneity of them, patients that went to Provincial Hospital of Rehabilitation Faustino Pérez Hernandez in Sancti Spíritus, between February 2007 and November 2008 .The investigation denoted a prevalence of patient with age between 45 and 64 years and feminine sex. It was possible to reduce the intensity, frequency and rhythm from the pain while evaluating the 2 studied moments, the excellent and very good therapeutic evaluation prevailed. The treatment with Massage Tuina that was applied to the patients with Periartritis Escapulohumeral was beneficial.

  13. Facilitating case studies in massage therapy clinical education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baskwill, Amanda

    2013-01-01

    The integration of evidence into reflective health care practice has been on the rise in recent years and is a phenomenon that has affected all health care professions, including massage therapy. Clinical case studies are a research design that follows one patient or subject, making the studies ideal for use in clinical practice. They are valuable for communicating information from clinical practice to the broader community. Case studies have face validity that may be more valuable to individual practitioners than homogeneous randomized controlled trials, as the practitioner may recognize a complex patient in the case report. At Humber College, Student Massage Therapists (SMTs) create, conduct, and communicate results of a clinical case study prior to graduation. This article describes the process and experience.

  14. Effect of Foot Massage on Physiological Edema During Pregnancy

    OpenAIRE

    Fatemeh Rahimikian; Azadeh Shadmehr; Abbas Mehran; Mahdieh Kiani

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: One of the most common and annoying problems during pregnancy is physiological foot edema that may cause activity restrictions during pregnancy for pregnant women. Present study aimed to determine the effect of foot massage on physiological edema during pregnancy. Methods: This study was non-randomized clinical trial and performed in 2012. 120 pregnant women aged 20 to 35 years were non randomly assigned to treatment and control groups. Treatment group, received 20 minutes d...

  15. Effectiveness of massage tuina in the periartritis escapulohumeral.

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    It was carried out a prospective, longitudinal, explanatory and applicable study, with the purpose of determining the therapeutic effectiveness of massage Tuina in the treatment of the periartritis escapulohumeral. The sample of the study was formed by 80 patients (40 patients for each one) to receive independent treatments that were divided in a matched up way, according to the age, sex and semiología of pain, looking for the homogeneity of them, patients that went to Provincial Hospital of ...

  16. Kvalitetssikring af Ul prober på baggrund af protokol til vurdering af tekniske fantom billeder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vernegreen, Susanne

    2013-01-01

    fordel sorteres fra i en revidering af protokollen. Jeg havde valgt at medtage dem, da de indgik i den oprindelige CIRS protokol, og det kan i en startfase være en fordel at have flere målinger at holde sig til. Min vurdering er dog at denne fordel ikke opvejer det øgede tidsforbrug. Der er dog nogle...... ikke muligt at undgå subjektivitet i forbindelse med måling og vurdering af de tekniske fantombilleder, da disse foretages manuelt. Det er derfor vigtigt at foretage flere målinger, og måske også oftere målinger end hvis målingerne var objektive. Flere og oftere målinger tager tid, og kan gå ud over...

  17. Acupoint Massage in Relieving Pain after Ureteroscopic Holmium Laser Lithotripsy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xia Wei-qin

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To observe the effect of acupoint massage in relieving pain after ureteroscopic holmium laser lithotripsy. Methods: Ninety-two patients undergone ureteroscopic holmium laser lithotripsy were enrolled and randomized into a treatment group and a control group, 46 in each group. Patients in the control group were given regular nursing care, while patients in the treatment group were intervened by acupoint massage in addition to the regular nursing care. The pain was evaluated by visual analogue scale (VAS) at 6 h, 12 h, and 24 h after operation, and compared between the two groups. Results:There was no significant difference in comparing the VAS score at 6 h after operation between the two groups (P>0.05). The VAS scores in the treatment group at 12 h and 24 h after operation were significantly lower than those in the control group (both P Conclusion: Acupoint massage can effectively relieve the pain after ureteroscopic holmium laser lithotripsy, reduce the use of analgesics, and promote the recovery.

  18. Modellering af naturlig ventilation og natkøling- ved hjælp af ringmetoden

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Rasmus Lund

    baseret på ringmetoden [Loop Equation Method] med tilhørende regulering blev implementeret i det termiske simuleringsprogram BSim. 1.3 Beregning af natkøling Ved beregning af effekten af natkøling benyttes primært simple overslagsmodeller eller termiske simuleringsprogrammer. Hvor de simple modeller er...... samspillet med bygningens termiske forhold • Udvikle model til beregning af effekten ved natkøling med naturlig ventilation 1.1 Beregning af naturlig ventilation Da dette arbejde startede og stadig i dag er der kun ganske få bygningssimuleringsprogrammer der kan tage hensyn til både naturlig ventilation og...... til beregning af naturlig ventilation. 1.2 Multizone model En gennemgang af litteraturen for beregning af naturlig ventilation blev gennemført med henblik på at opstille en multizone model. To forskellige måder til opstilling af ligningssystemet blev identificeret, Knudemetoden og Ringmetoden. Det...

  19. Forekomst af resistente bakterier og forbrug af antibiotika til hunde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Karl; Pedersen, Kristina; Jensen, Helene;

    2007-01-01

    ), Pasteurella multocida (n=25), Bordetella bronchiseptica (n=14), Proteus spp. (n=29), og E. coli (n=449). I undersøgelsen anvendtes data fra VetStat databasen. Størstedelen af de antibiotika, der bruges til hunde er bredspektrede. Penicilliner med udvidet spektrum, cephalosporiner samt sulphonamider...... penicillin, 30,2% overfor fucidin og 27,9% overfor macrolider. E. coli isolaterne var mest resistente overfor ampicillin, sulphonamider, trimethoprim, tetracykliner og streptomycin, og anhæmolytiske isolater var oftere resistente overfor tetracykliner, trimethoprim og chloramphenikol end hæmolytiske isolater...

  20. EVALUATING THE INFLUENCE OF MASSAGE ON LEG STRENGTH, SWELLING, AND PAIN FOLLOWING A HALF-MARATHON

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter M. Tiidus

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available Massage therapy is commonly used following endurance running races with the expectation that it will enhance post-run recovery of muscle function and reduce soreness. A limited number of studies have reported little or no influence of massage therapy on post-exercise muscle recovery. However, no studies have been conducted in a field setting to assess the potential for massage to influence muscle recovery following an actual endurance running race. To evaluate the potential for repeated massage therapy interventions to influence recovery of quadriceps and hamstring muscle soreness, recovery of quadriceps and hamstring muscle strength and reduction of upper leg muscle swelling over a two week recovery period following an actual road running race. Twelve adult recreational runners (8 male, 4 female completed a half marathon (21.1 km road race. On days 1,4, 8, and 11 post-race, subjects received 30 minutes of standardized massage therapy performed by a registered massage therapist on a randomly assigned massage treatment leg, while the other (control leg received no massage treatment. Two days prior to the race (baseline and preceding the treatments on post-race days 1, 4, 8, and 11 the following measures were conducted on each of the massage and control legs: strength of quadriceps and hamstring muscles, leg swelling, and soreness perception. At day 1, post-race quadriceps peak torque was significantly reduced (p 0.05. All measures had returned to baseline at day 11. Massage did not affect the recovery of muscles in terms of physiological measures of strength, swelling, or soreness. However, questionnaires revealed that 7 of the 12 participants perceived that the massaged leg felt better upon recovery.

  1. Gennemgang af den danske samfundsregulering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Falch, Morten

    investeringer hos en bred række af markedsaktører’1. Midlet til at opnå dette mål har været at skabe et regelsæt der gør det lettere for nye virksomheder at komme ind på det nye telemarked, og konkurrere på lige fod med TDC. Herudover, har man hjulpet de nye operatører på vej gennem en såkaldt asymmetrisk...

  2. Etablering af global distribueret produktion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Brian Vejrum; Johansen, John; Riis, Jens Ove

    2007-01-01

      Mange danske produktionsvirksomheder står over for en ny æra, som handler om at udvikle og styre globale distribuerede produktionsenheder og det netværk, disse til sammen danner. Interviews med top- og mellemledere i 15 danske produktionsvirksomheder med varierende størrelse og internationalt...... erfaringsgrundlag viser, at der i begyndelsen af globaliserings- og produktionsudflytningsprocessen isoleret set er stor fokus på omkostningsminimering - nogle gange kædet sammen med ønsker om markedsekspansion, men også at fokus og argumenterne ofte ændrer sig over tid og efterhånden bliver mere nuanceret. Ved...

  3. Staff Report to the Senior Department Official on Recognition Compliance Issues. Recommendation Page: Commission on Massage Therapy Accreditation

    Science.gov (United States)

    US Department of Education, 2010

    2010-01-01

    The Commission on Massage Therapy Accreditation (COMTA) was created in response to massage therapy and bodywork educators' desire that rigorous standards be applied to institutions of massage therapy and bodywork. COMTA has conducted accrediting activities since 1992. In 1996, an elected commission was seated. Since 1996, COMTA has granted…

  4. 78 FR 42975 - Notice Pursuant to the National Cooperative Research and Production Act of 1993-American Massage...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-18

    ... Massage Therapy Association Notice is hereby given that, on June 24, 2013, pursuant to Section 6(a) of the... Massage Therapy Association (``AMTA'') has filed written notifications simultaneously with the Attorney... principal place of business of the standards development organization is American Massage...

  5. Effekter af koordineret hjerneskaderehabilitering. Et systematisk litteraturreview

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glintborg, Chalotte; Hansen, Tia G. B.

    Forskningsprojekt udvikler ny definition af begrebet koordination Som et led i forskningsprojektet ”Bio-psyko-sociale effekter af koordineret hjerneskaderehabilitering” er der udviklet en ny definition af koordinationsbegrebet. Forskningsprojektet ”Bio-psyko-sociale effekter af koordineret...... senhjerneskadeområdet – initiativer, der skal fremme en sammenhængende og helhedsorienteret rehabiliteringsindsats. Men hvad dækker begrebet koordination egentlig over? Det har et nyt forskningsprojekt set på og kommer med et bud på en ny definition. Dansk definition mangler Indholdet i koordination har været upræcist...... beskrevet. Der er ingen klar dansk definition af koordination. Begrebet bliver ofte brugt inkonsistent, og koordination er meget forskelligt tilrettelagt. Derfor kan man ikke generelt dokumentere, om koordinatorfunktioner er en sikker vej til forbedring af komplekse rehabiliteringsforløb. Sundhedsstyrelsen...

  6. Offentliggørelse af kursrelevante oplysninger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik; Schaumburg-Müller, Peer

    2013-01-01

    Artiklen analyserer, særligt på baggrund af EU-Domstolens dom af 28. juni 2012 i C-19/11, Daimler AG, hvilken betydning en række mellemliggende trin, der fører frem til en kursrelevant og offentliggørelsespligtig begivenhed, har for tidspunktet for indtrædelsen af pligten til offentliggørelse. De...

  7. Afgivelse af formaldehyd fra byggevarer og forbrugerprodukter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolarik, Barbara; Gunnarsen, Lars; Funch, Llis Winther

    Rapporten præsenterer resultatet af en undersøgelse af formaldehydafgivelse fra 22 mulige kilder i indeklimaet. Undersøgelsen er gennemført for om muligt at finde årsagen til de høje koncentrationer af formaldehyd i indeluften, der blev fundet i enkelte danske boliger under en foregående undersøg...

  8. Motivation af den Kreative Sælger

    OpenAIRE

    Sørensen, Mikkel Vallentin; Floor, Jeppe Hjelmsted

    2012-01-01

    Projektet tager udgangspunkt i motivationen af danske sælgere. Med inspiration fra den positive psykologiske videnskab, udfordres eksisterende motivationsredskaber, med henblik på at motivere den enkelte medarbejder til at yde et bedre stykke arbejde for virksomheden. Daniel Pink, Bruno Frey og Frederick Herzberg danner det teoretiske grundlag for opgaven, og problemstillingen undersøges gennem en sammenholdelse af deres teorier med empirisk materiale i en fænomenologisk tilgang. Rapporten af...

  9. Praktik - set i lyset af billedkunstfaget

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buhl, Mie; Skov, Kirsten; Meisner Christensen, Kirsten

    Kamelgruppen har vi været optaget af at pege på relevante temaer for udvikling af billedfaget og forandring i uddannelsen af kommende lærere. Foråret 2004 præsenterede gruppens medlemmer papers på symposiet 'Visual culture in education' på kongressen på Nordisk Forening for Pædagogisk forskning i Reykjavik...

  10. En kritisk analyse af Leviathan & Samfundspagten

    OpenAIRE

    Bjelobrk, Aleksandar

    2006-01-01

    I denne rapport undersøges de politiske filosoffer Thomas Hobbes’ (1588-1679) og Jean-Jacques Rousseaus (1712-1778) udgaver af kontraktteorien. Med udgangspunkt i Leviathan del 1, Of Man og del 2, Of Common-Wealth af Thomas Hobbes (Hobbes 1991, oprindelig udgivet 1651) og Samfundspagten af Jean-Jacques Rousseau (Rousseau 1987, oprindelig udgivet 1762) klarlægges inkonsisten i deres teorier gennem to separate analyser. Med udgangspunkt i den fundne inkonsistens foretages en komparativ analyse,...

  11. Metodebeskrivelse for evaluering af arkitektonisk kvalitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beim, Anne

    2000-01-01

    Artiklen indgår i en større publikation som er en vejledning i evaluering af boligbebyggelsers standard og kvalitet. Vejledningen er bygget op over et evalueringskoncept, der primært er tilrettelagt med henblik på evaluering af (almene) boligbebyggelser og er udarbejdet til vurdering af 10...... forsøgsbyggerier inden for Erhvervsfremmestyrelsens og By - Boligministeriets udviklingsinitiativ ' Proces og Produktudvikling i byggeriet' - det såkaldte PPB- program....

  12. Danskernes brug af nyhedsmedier: et nyt landkort

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schrøder, Kim Christian

    2010-01-01

    Artiklen fremlægger første del af en analyse, der på en ny måde kortlægger danskernes brug og oplevelse af nyheder i det medialiserede samfund, på tværs af de forskellige – traditionelle og digitale - medieplatforme og genrer. Teoretisk er undersøgelsen forankret i offentlighedsteorien og den beg...

  13. Konceptuelt design og udvikling af Intergomus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ellebæk, P.; Pedersen, T.; Stendal, Karsten;

    1999-01-01

    Denne rapport gennemgår udviklingsforløbet af et træningsapparat til genoptræning af læderede fingre. Rapporten omhandler kun den mekaniske del af udstyret. Opgaven er blevet løst i samarbejde med Ergoterapien på Køge Amtssygehus, Procare, Centret forAvanceret Teknologi og flere afdelinger på RIS...

  14. Efficacy of massage treatment technique in masseter muscle hardness: robotic experimental approach.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hiraiwa, Yuichiro; Ariji, Yoshiko; Kise, Yoshitaka; Sakuma, Shigemitsu; Kurita, Kenichi; Ariji, Eiichiro

    2013-10-01

    The study aimed to clarify the masseter muscle hardness in patients with myofascial pain, to examine their changes after massage, and to analyze whether the hardness can be an index for massage treatment. Sixteen patients with myofascial pain (12 with unilateral and 4 with bilateral masseter muscle pain) and 24 healthy volunteers were enrolled in this study. The masseter hardness between patients and the healthy volunteers was compared. The changes in the hardness in patients after massage were examined. The relation of the hardness with massage regimens and efficacies was analyzed. There was a significant right-and-left difference of the hardness in patients, although there was no difference in the healthy volunteers. The hardness decreased after massage. The pretreatment asymmetry index of the hardness showed a significant correlation with the massage pressure. It was concluded that there was a significant difference between the right and left masseter hardness in patients with myofascial pain. After massage treatment, the masseter hardness and right-and-left difference decreased. The hardness may be an index for determining the massage pressure.

  15. The Effect of Massage on Anticipatory Anxiety and Procedural Pain in Patients with Burn Injury

    Science.gov (United States)

    Najafi Ghezeljeh, Tahereh; Mohades Ardebili, Fatimah; Rafii, Forough; Manafi, Farzad

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND Pain related to burn injuries is one of the most troublesome pain intensity. This study aimed to investigate the effect of massage on anticipatory anxiety, procedural pain intensity, vital signs and relaxation level of patients with burn injury. METHODS In this quasi-experimental study, through convenience sampling, 60 hospitalized adult burn patients were selected from a specialized burn and reconstructive hospital. Subjects were assigned to massage and control groups through simple randomization. Massage was offered by using non aromatic oil about 10-15 minutes before wound care on intact part of the body once a day for 20 minutes on patients’ bedside for 3 consecutive days. In the 3 days, the control group did not received any massage and were asked to stay at bed. Demographic and clinical characteristics and vital signs, Visual Analogue Scale and the Persian version of Burn Specific Pain Anxiety Scale were used to determine baseline and procedural pain, anxiety and relaxation levels and anticipatory anxiety. RESULTS No significant difference was noted between mean score of pain intensity, anxiety and relaxation level, and vital signs in massage and control groups after intervention following wound care. In massage and control groups, there was no significant differences between mean scores of anticipatory anxiety before and after intervention. There was no significant difference between the mean scores of anticipatory anxiety in massage and control groups after intervention prior wound care. CONCLUSION Massage was shown not to have any effect on anticipatory anxiety and procedural pain. PMID:28289612

  16. Massage Therapy Training in South Carolina: What You Should Know before You Enroll

    Science.gov (United States)

    South Carolina Commission on Higher Education, 2007

    2007-01-01

    This brochure provides a checklist of information for individuals considering massage therapy training in South Carolina. Areas covered include: (1) Oversight; (2) Requirements to Become a Licensed Massage Therapist (LMT); (3) Evaluating a School; (4) How to Decide; (5) While You're Enrolled; (6) After You Graduate; (7) Continuing Education; (8)…

  17. Brief Report: Improvements in the Behavior of Children with Autism Following Massage Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Escalona, Angelica; Field, Tiffany; Singer-Strunck, Ruth; Cullen, Christy; Hartshorn, Kristen

    2001-01-01

    Twenty children with autism, ages 3 to 6 years, received either massage therapy or reading attention by their parents for 15 minutes daily for one month. Evaluation suggested that children in the massage group exhibited less stereotypic behavior and showed more on-task and social relatedness behavior during play observations at school, and they…

  18. Opstilling af ventilationsarmaturer i CFD-beregninger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Peter V.

    2009-01-01

    Opstilling af armaturer i CFD-beregninger er et område, hvor ventilationsbranchen skal tilføre CFD-metoderne en specialviden, som ikke på forhånd er indlagt i programmerne. I artiklen bringes nogle eksempler på specificering af en indblæsningsåbning......Opstilling af armaturer i CFD-beregninger er et område, hvor ventilationsbranchen skal tilføre CFD-metoderne en specialviden, som ikke på forhånd er indlagt i programmerne. I artiklen bringes nogle eksempler på specificering af en indblæsningsåbning...

  19. Omsætning af fast ejendom

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Edlund, Hans Henrik

    Bogen er en systematisk gennemgang af lov om omsætning af fast ejendom, der regulerer ejendomsmægleres virke. Følgende emner er bl.a. behandlet: Hvem kan drive ejendomsmæglervirksomhed og ejendomsmæglernes pligter og ansvar.......Bogen er en systematisk gennemgang af lov om omsætning af fast ejendom, der regulerer ejendomsmægleres virke. Følgende emner er bl.a. behandlet: Hvem kan drive ejendomsmæglervirksomhed og ejendomsmæglernes pligter og ansvar....

  20. Prøvetagning af grundvand

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Inga

    Bogen fokuserer på prøveatgning af grundvand og drikkevand til forskellige formål såsom undersøgelse af forurenede grunde, grundvandsmonitering samt produktion af drikkevand. Da grundvand i sagens natur findes under jordoverfladen, beskriver bogen også væsentlige forhold om hydrogeologi og grundv...... grundvandskemi i det omfang, disse forhold har betydning for den praktiske prøvetagning. Der redegøres også for de forskellige typer af pumper og udstyr samt emballage til vandprøver inklusive fordele og ulemer ved de forskellige typer....

  1. NIR optimerer produktionen af gammeldags modnede sild

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svensson, Vibeke Tølbøl; Bro, Rasmus; Nielsen, Henrik Hauch;

    2005-01-01

    Måling med nærinfrarødt (NIR) lys er et godt supplement til de nuværende metoder til at følge modningen af sild saltede i tønder. Det viser resultaterne af et forskningsprojekt udført i samarbejde mellem Lykkeberg A/S, Danmarks Fiskeriundersøgelser og Den Kgl Veterinær- og Landbohøjskole. Ved hjælp...... af avanceret matematik er det nemt og hurtigt at bestemme modningsgraden af sild direkte fra en NIR måling....

  2. ASSESSMENT OF EFFECTIVENESS OF SPORTS MASSAGE IN SUPPORTING OF WARM-UP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boguszewski Dariusz

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Warm-up is necessary part of sports training, because prepare the body for exercises and minimize the risk of injury. The aim of this study was assess the effectiveness of two types of warm-up: aerobic exercises and exercises with sports massage (before. Material and Methods: The research covered 59 women. All of them did fitness tests two times. Each test was preceded by a different form of warm-up (aerobic exercises, exercises with massage. For examined the differences t-Student test was used. Results : Warm-up with massage had positive effect for fitness level. More effective was exercises preceded by massage - differences in results (after the standard warm-up and warm-up with massage in every tests were significant (p<0.001. Conclusion: Alternative form of warm-up can be effective way to preparing the body for exercises and make the training more attractive.

  3. Relationship between massage therapy usage and health outcomes in older adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munk, Niki; Zanjani, Faika

    2011-04-01

    Physical and emotional decline in older adults is a serious issue affecting not only quality of life but also susceptibility to injury. Non-pharmacological interventions addressing the needs of older adults are important for reducing medication burden and possible drug interactions. This study (N=144) examines the potential of massage therapy as such an intervention for older adults by comparing self-reported health outcome scores among adults 60 and older who have and have not utilized massage therapy in the past year. When controlling for age and cumulative morbidities, older adults who reported massage therapy usage in the past year had significantly better health outcome scores in the following domains: 1) emotional well-being, 2) limitations due to physical issues, and 3) limitations due to emotional issues. Because previous massage therapy research has not included or focused on older adults, studies examining massage therapy and emotional health, specifically among this population, are warranted.

  4. Effect of massage therapy on pain, anxiety, relaxation, and tension after colorectal surgery: A randomized study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dreyer, Nikol E; Cutshall, Susanne M; Huebner, Marianne; Foss, Diane M; Lovely, Jenna K; Bauer, Brent A; Cima, Robert R

    2015-08-01

    The purpose of this randomized controlled trial was to evaluate the effect of postoperative massage in patients undergoing abdominal colorectal surgery. One hundred twenty-seven patients were randomized to receive a 20-min massage (n = 61) or social visit and relaxation session (no massage; n = 66) on postoperative days 2 and 3. Vital signs and psychological well-being (pain, tension, anxiety, satisfaction with care, relaxation) were assessed before and after each intervention. The study results indicated that postoperative massage significantly improved the patients' perception of pain, tension, and anxiety, but overall satisfaction was unchanged. In conclusion, massage may be beneficial during postoperative recovery for patients undergoing abdominal colorectal surgery. Further studies are warranted to optimize timing and duration and to determine other benefits in this clinical setting.

  5. A literature review about effectiveness of massage therapy for cancer pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somani, Salima; Merchant, Samima; Lalani, Sharifa

    2013-11-01

    This literature review explores the effectiveness of massage therapy to reduce cancer pain. As part of the review, systematic literature search was carried out on various electronic databases and specialised journals. Included are 19 research-based articles and 8 review articles. The review suggests that cancer has become a common health problem in the world and most of the cancer patients are going through intense and unbearable pain. Studies have reported that most of the cancer patients' pain reduced with therapeutic massage. Seventy-three per cent of cancer patients use massage therapy in the USA. Few studies are available in the context of the developing world related to massage therapy and we could not find any study in the Pakistani context. There is a need to conduct an interventional study about the effectiveness of massage therapy to control cancer pain in developing countries such as Pakistan.

  6. Effect of partial sports massage on blood pressure and heart rate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pystupa T.D.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available With the growing popularity and demand for different types of massages (including sports is a growing need for research on specific forms. There is also a need to study the advantages and effects on various body functions. The objective was to study the effect of partial sports massage on blood pressure and heart rate in both men and women. Material and methods. Research has been extended 80 healthy men and women are physically active (age 20-25 years. Blood pressure and heart rate were made on the left arm automatic digital device (model HEM - 907. The device is intended to measure blood pressure. It is established that it is possible to verify the existing beliefs. This promotes more efficient use of massage therapy. Conclusions . Sports massage has an effect on hemodynamic changes, the increase (decrease in blood pressure acceleration (deceleration of the heart rate. It depends on what part of the body exposed to the massage procedure.

  7. Hypervirkelig(?). Studier af ungdom, skole og modernitet i udkanten af Kathmandu

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Ulla Ambrosius

    2010-01-01

    Med udgangspunkt i etnografiske studier af ungdom og skoleliv i udkanten af Kathmandu, analyserer artiklen samspillet mellem 'det moderne', uddannelse og identitet blandt unge der lever i udkanten af den globale periferi.I modsætning til studier der beskæftiger sig med om og hvordan uddannelse bi...... fremtiden. Teoretisk trækker deres på begreber og positioner fra postmoderne metodologiskeog filosofiske orienteringer - repræsenteret blandt andre af Popkewitz, Maclure og Baudrillard....

  8. A COMPARATIVE STUDY BETWEEN THE EFFICACIES OF ULTRASOUND THERAPY WITH CRYOKINETICS VERSUS ULTRASOUND THERAPY WITH SOFT TISSUE MASSAGE (DEEP FRICTION MASSAGE IN ACUTE SUPRASPINATUS TENDINITIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shivakumar

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Supraspinatus tendinitis is the non-traumatic, inflammatory and degenerative changes of tendon. This condition is common in athletes involving repetitive overhead activities like bowling, swimming, and javelin throw etc. and even in persons involving these repetitive overhead activities at their work places. The pain and discomfort associated with this condition have a dramatic impact on physical mobility and function. This study was done to assess the effectiveness of ultrasound and cryokinetics versus ultrasound and soft tissue massage (deep friction massage in patients suffering from acute supraspinatus tendinitis. AIMS: To compare the efficacy of ultrasound therapy with cryokinetics versus ultrasound therapy with soft tissue massage (deep fiction massage in acute supraspinatus tendinitis. METHODS AND MATERIALS: It is a comparative experimental study dividing in to two groups. 60 subjects aged between 30-60 years 30 in each group. Group A: (n=30:- Treated with ultrasound therapy and cryokinetics Group B: (n=30:- Treated with ultrasound therapy and soft tissue massage (deep friction massage. Analysis was based on VAS scores and Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI.Treatment was given for 6 days a week for 2 weeks. The following outcome measures were measured at baseline, day 7 and day14 with 1 week follow up. VAS Score, and Shoulder pain and disability index (SPADI. The baseline measurements were compared to data at the end of 2nd week. RESULTS: The VAS, SPADI percentage across baseline, day 7 and day 14 follow up showed a significant improvement statistically in their mean scores within Group A and Group B (P<0.001. Statistically significant greater changes in score were found in ultrasound therapy and soft tissue massage (deep friction massage in (Group B for VAS, and SPADI as compared to ultrasound therapy and cryokinetics (Group A. CONCLUSION: The results indicate that ultrasound therapy with cryokinetics (Group A and

  9. Effects and predictors of shoulder muscle massage for patients with posterior shoulder tightness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yang Jing-lan

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Clinical approaches like mobilization, stretching, and/or massage may decrease shoulder tightness and improve symptoms in subjects with stiff shoulders. We investigated the effect and predictors of effectiveness of massage in the treatment of patients with posterior shoulder tightness. Methods A randomized controlled trial was conducted in a hospital-based outpatient practice (orthopedic and rehabilitation. Forty-three women and 17 men (mean age = 54 years, range 43-73 years with posterior shoulder tightness participated and were randomized into massage and control groups (n = 30 per group. A physical therapist provided the massage on the posterior deltoid, infraspinatus, and teres minor of the involved shoulder for 18 minutes [about 6 minutes for each muscle] two times a week for 4 weeks. For the control group, one therapist applied light hand touch on the muscles 10 minutes two times a week for 4 weeks. Glenohumeral internal rotation ROM, functional status, and muscle tightness were the main outcomes. Additionally, the potential factors on the effectiveness of massage were analyzed by multivariate logistic regression. For this analysis, patients with functional score improvement at least 20% after massage were considered responsive, and the others were considered nonresponsive. Results Fifty-two patients completed the study (29 for the massage and 23 for the control. The overall mean internal rotation ROM increased significantly in the massage group compared to the control (54.9° v.s. 34.9°; P ≤ 0.001. There were 21 patients in the responsive group and 8 in the nonresponsive group. Among the factors, duration of symptoms, functional score, and posterior deltoid tightness were significant predictors of effectiveness of massage. Conclusions Massage was an effective treatment for patients with posterior shoulder tightness, but was less effective in patients with longer duration of symptoms, higher functional limitation

  10. Midler til lindring af mundtørhed og stimulation af spytsekretion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dynesen, Anja Weirsøe; Pedersen, Anne Marie Lynge; Jensen, Allan Bardow;

    2013-01-01

    effekt. I relation til risikoen for at udvikle caries, der er forhøjet hos den mundtørre patient, er det dog væsentligt at anbefale produkter uden sukker. Ligesom produktets indhold af syre og dermed det erosive potentiale er af betydning i forhold til udviklingen af dentale erosioner. Systemisk...

  11. Barrierer for ibrugtagning af videooptaget universitetsundervisning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pernille Rattleff

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Danmarks Pædagogiske Universitetsskole ved Aarhus Universitet har siden 2006 eksperimenteret med systematisk videooptagelse og -streamning af undervisning på udvalgte kandidat- og masteruddannelser. De studerende er begejstrede for denne praksis og de muligheder, dette giver de studerende for at understøtte deres læring. Men selvom de studerende har vist sig at bruge den videostreamede undervisning på en endog særdeles hensigtsmæssig måde, har der, både blandt studerende og især blandt underviserne, været modstand mod dels overhovedet at optage, dels at gøre optagelserne af undervisningen offentligt tilgængelige for studerende og andre interesserede. Der kan således iagttages nogle barrierer i forhold til ibrugtagning af videooptaget undervisning på universitetsniveau, idet underviserne for en umiddelbar betragtning tilsyneladende for det første har nogle forbehold af psykologisk, for det andet af juridisk karakter og for det tredje af organisatorisk art. Et af de centrale spørgsmål i denne forbindelse synes således at være, om optagelse af undervisning muliggør en ledelsesmæssig evaluering af den enkelte undervisers undervisningspraksis. Et andet centralt spørgsmål er tilsyneladende, om optagelse af undervisningen, der muliggør genbrug, gør underviserne overflødige. Forfatterne til denne artikel er imidlertid af den opfattelse, at undervisernes modstand følger af en anden, og mere grundlæggende, diskrepans, nemlig diskrepansen mellem det at forske og det at undervise. Efter en indledende begrebsafklaring, præsenterer forfatterne i denne artikel erfaringerne med tilbud af videostreamet og podcastet universitetsundervisning til studerende på Danmarks Pædagogiske Universitetsskole med henblik på en diskussion af de potentialer og især de barrierer, der kan iagttages i forhold til en mere systematisk, large-scale brug af castet universitetsundervisning. I forlængelse heraf formulerer forfatterne desuden en mulig

  12. The effectiveness of traditional Malay massage: A narrative review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurhanisah Sejari

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The traditional Malay massage (TMM, also known locally as urut Melayu, is one of the fields of traditional and complementary medicine. The practices and understanding are originally related to Malay culture in selected hospitals under the Ministry of Health since 2007. This study is to review the available evidence on the effectiveness of TMM as an alternative therapeutic approach to various conditions. An online electronic search in databases (Ovid™ , Scopus, EMBASE and PubMed was performed using keywords such as Malay massage and urut Melayu. Documents including case studies, case reports, and research studies were examined and analyzed. Two case studies and one qualitative research study about TMM for chronic diseases were explored. It was reported that the majority of those having chronic diseases sought TMM as an alternative treatment to improve mobility and quality of life. The second case study explored the effectiveness of TMM for a postpartum stroke patient, and there was improvement of physical function, mobility and optimizing the activity of daily living for this patient. The third article provided treatment-seeking behavior of poststroke patients and their TMM practitioners. From their interviews with 17 volunteers, they reported that Malay massage is very helpful for their body conditions after stroke due to high blood pressure and postdelivery complications. The patients revealed that TMM has provided them positive, beneficial effects. The review indicated that TMM could serve as an alternative treatment for those having chronic diseases, postpartum stroke and poststroke conditions. Therefore, the current review highlights the role TMM has in view of positive, beneficial effects to improve and optimize mobility, physical function, activity, daily living and quality of life.

  13. Effect of Meridian Massage for Cancer Related Fatigue

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    In sook Jeoung; Hwa-Seung Yoo

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to investigate the effectiveness of meridian massage in lessening the fatigue and improving both physical and mental quality of life of cancer patients. Settings and design: This study was conducted at the East-West Cancer Center at Daejeon University; Using a single-arm, waiting list and non-treatment control research design, we compared the results of control group and to that of the experimental group. Materials and methods: From July 2, 2007 to July 28, 2007, eighteen eligible cancer patients were recruited to participate in the experiment. Modified Chalder Fatigue Scale (CFS), Visual Analogue Scale (VAS) and active oxygen level were measured before and after treatment for both control and experimental groups. Lying on their back or stomach inside a room with a temperature of 18-2℃2, the patients received 30 minutes of meridian massages mainly around the trapezius muscles 5 times a week.Statistical analysis used: Data analysis was carried out using independent t-test, paired t-test and One-way ANOVA.Results: Data analysis of modified CFS showed statistically significant results for all groups between before and after treatment. Within CFS, results of physical and psychological analysis showed significant results for all groups except before and after no treatment and secondary treatment. In the analysis of VAS, the experimental group showed a greater decrease in score compared to that of the control group and the average difference was statistically significant (P<0.05). Although the results were not statistically significant (P>0.05), active oxygen levels for the control group showed little difference before and after no treatment (331.11 and 330.78, respectively) while the experimental group observed a decrease in active oxygen level before and after treatment (327.28 and 314.11, respectively). Conclusion: In conclusion, patients who received meridian massage showed decreased cancer related fatigue scores compared to the

  14. Massage application for occupational low back pain in nursing staff

    OpenAIRE

    Talita Pavarini Borges; Julia Maria D'Andrea Greve; Ana Paula Monteiro; Rodrigo Emmanuel Sabbag da Silva; Arlete Mazzini Miranda Giovani; Maria Júlia Paes da Silva

    2012-01-01

    This is a clinical trial which aims to evaluate the efficiency of massage in the reduction of occupational low back pain, and its influence on the performance of work and life activities for the nursing team. The sample consisted of 18 employees who received seven to eight sessions after their work period. From the Numerical Pain Rating Scale, significant improvements were found between the 3rd and 1st evaluations (p=0.000) and between the 3rd and 2nd (p=0.004), using the Wilcoxon test. Regar...

  15. Salivary oxytocin concentrations in seven boys with autism spectrum disorder received massage from their mothers: a pilot study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shuji eTsuji

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Seven male children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD, aged 8 – 12 years, attending special education classrooms for ASD and disabled children, were assigned to receive touch therapy. Their mothers were instructed to provide gentle touch in the massage style of the International Liddle Kidz Association. The mothers gave massages to their child for 20 minutes every day over a period of 3 months followed by no massage for 4 months. To assess the biological effects of such touch therapy, saliva was collected before and 20 minutes after a single session of massage for 20 minutes from the children and mothers every 3 weeks during the massage period and every 4 weeks during the non-massage period, when they visited a community meeting room. Salivary oxytocin levels were measured using an enzyme immunoassay kit. During the period of massage therapy, the children and mothers exhibited higher oxytocin concentrations compared those during the non-massage period. The changes in oxytocin levels before and after a single massage session were not significantly changed in children and mothers. The results suggested that the ASD children (massage receivers and their mothers (massage givers show touch therapy-dependent changes in salivary oxytocin concentrations.

  16. Salivary oxytocin concentrations in seven boys with autism spectrum disorder received massage from their mothers: a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsuji, Shuji; Yuhi, Teruko; Furuhara, Kazumi; Ohta, Shogo; Shimizu, Yuto; Higashida, Haruhiro

    2015-01-01

    Seven male children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD), aged 8-12 years, attending special education classrooms for ASD and disabled children, were assigned to receive touch therapy. Their mothers were instructed to provide gentle touch in the massage style of the International Liddle Kidz Association. The mothers gave massages to their child for 20 min every day over a period of 3 months, followed by no massage for 4 months. To assess the biological effects of such touch therapy, saliva was collected before and 20 min after a single session of massage for 20 min from the children and mothers every 3 weeks during the massage period and every 4 weeks during the non-massage period, when they visited a community meeting room. Salivary oxytocin levels were measured using an enzyme immunoassay kit. During the period of massage therapy, the children and mothers exhibited higher oxytocin concentrations compared to those during the non-massage period. The changes in oxytocin levels before and after a single massage session were not significantly changed in children and mothers. The results suggested that the ASD children (massage receivers) and their mothers (massage givers) show touch therapy-dependent changes in salivary oxytocin concentrations.

  17. Måling af stress hos mink

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malmkvist, Jens

    2010-01-01

    temadagen præsenteres nye resultater og metoder til at vurdere stress hos mink. I en metode måles koncentrationen af nedbrydningsprodukter af hormonet cortisol i gødning fra mink. Der er en række fordele ved denne metode, frem for blodprøvetagning. Forsøg viste, at hovedparten af cortisol udskilles i fæces...... (83 %) frem for i urin (17 %), samt at omsætningen af radioaktivt mærket cortisol ikke er forskellig mellem mink med hhv. lav og høj forekomst af stereotypi. Denne viden kan bruges til bedre at forstå koblingen f.eks. unormal adfærd og stress hos mink.......Sammendrag Stress indgår som et element ved vurdering af dyrevelfærd. Endvidere kan stress mål anvendes i undersøgelser, hvor forskellige typer af avl, burmiljø og pasning af mink sammenlignes. Men hvad er stress egentlig og hvordan måles det? Er unormal adfærd koblet til stress hos mink? På...

  18. Sundhedspleje - Studier af en normaliserende praksis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Oline

    2013-01-01

    Phd.-afhandling Afhandlingen er en analyse af sundhedsplejens praksis. Dener udført på baggrund af etnografisk feltarbejde i sundhedsplejen (suppleret med interviews). Afhandlingen har tre undersøgelsesspørgsmål: Hvordan formidles normalitet i sundhedsplejens praksis? Hvilke former for normalitet...

  19. Tema 1: Programmering af robotenheder i grundskolen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stine Ejsing-Duun

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available I denne artikel undersøger vi potentialerne for at lære matematik gennem programmering af robotter. Vi foreslår en model med tre indbyrdes afhængige læringspotentialer, som programmering fordrer. Det omfatter elevens evne til at; (1 tænke i algoritmer, (2 producere viden og artefakter gennem brug af matematik og (3 foretage abstraktion og indkapsling. Programmering er blevet en del af grundskolens læringsmål i flere lande. I Danmark er programmering et læringsmål i forenklede fælles mål for Fysik/Kemi og desuden en del af den nationale undervisningsvejledning for matematik. En analyse af potentialerne i at anvende programmering i forbindelse med disse fag er derfor væsentlig. I denne artikel fokuserer vi på samspillet mellem matematik og programmering gennem litteraturstudier og analyse af empiriske situationer fra undervisning i programmering af LEGO Mindstorms. Teoretisk anvendes den instrumentelle tilgang til teknologi i matematikundervisning. Analysen viser en række måder, hvorpå didaktisk opmærksomhed på epistemisk forhandling kan understøtte læring af matematik gennem programmering.

  20. Grønland stiger af havet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laursen, Steen; Khan, Shfaqat Abbas

    2012-01-01

    En af de varme sommernyheder er, at Grønlands bjergtinder stiger mod himmelen i takt med, at indlandsisen tynder ud. Det viser dansk forskning, som bliver bakket op af amerikanske målinger fra Nasa. Newton har besøgt Nasa på Grønland og interviewet den danske forsker bag de nye resultater....

  1. Økonomisk Vurdering af Arbejdsulykker

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rikhardsson, Pall M.; Mogensen, Birgitte; Ravn, Birgitte

    Formålet med rapporten er at præsentere en metode og en brugsanvisning, der kan anvendes til registrering og kortlægning af økonomiske omkostninger/effekter ved arbejdsulykker (ulykkesomkostninger) samt en guideline til brug ved konkretisering af de mere uhåndgribelige afledte effekter, som disse...

  2. Organisering af projektudvikling - KulturarvNord

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mark, Stine

    Organisering af projektudvikling - KulturarvNord er udarbejdet af forskningscenteret INCEVIDA, Aalborg Universitet 2012, og gennemført i et samarbejde mellem INCEVIDA og museumsnetværket KulturarvNord. I rapporten tages der udgangspunkt i empirisk materiale indhentet via interviews med nøgleperso...

  3. Tre generationer af Flow Injection Analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Elo Harald; Chomchoei, Roongrat; Long, Xiangbao

    2004-01-01

    Siden introduktionen af FIA har en række videreudviklinger resulteret i Sequential Injection Analysis (SIA) og senest i Lab-on-Valve (LOV)-metodikken. Her beskrives disse, og der gives eksempler på, hvordan metoderne kan bruges til at bestemme sporstofkoncentrationer af metaller i komplekse...

  4. Digitale leverancer ved aflevering af byggeri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bertelsen, Niels Haldor; Sørensen, Nils Lykke; Shaukat, Fatima

    Udviklingen af det digitale byggeri i Danmark har haft meget fokus på klassifikation, fælles standarder og digitale værktøjer, som skal understøtte en centralt styret bygningsmodel. Der er ved at ske et paradigmeskift, hvor den praktiske anvendelse af IKT i de enkelte faggrupper er mere i centrum...

  5. Cyberwarfares udfordringer af begrebet kritisk infrastruktur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lauta, Kristian Cedervall; Hoffmann, Rune; Struwe, Lars Bangert

    I dag er der en stigende bekymring for cyberwarfare eller cyberkriminalitet. Det skyldes, at det moderne samfund er komplekst og sårbart. Samfundet baserer sig på udbuddet af stadig flere funktioner, som bliver tiltagende avancerede og internt afhængige af hinanden. Systemet bliver herved så avan...

  6. Kritikken af new public management er forfejlet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klausen, Kurt Klaudi

    2016-01-01

    kronikken adresserer og korrigerer den opfattelse at de nyliberalistiske reformer under betegnelsen NPM ikke har bidraget positivt til moderniseringen af den offentlige sektor.......kronikken adresserer og korrigerer den opfattelse at de nyliberalistiske reformer under betegnelsen NPM ikke har bidraget positivt til moderniseringen af den offentlige sektor....

  7. Manual reduktion af pattegrisedødelighed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bonde, Marianne; Serup, Tove

    svært at opretholde en målrettet indsats. Aarhus Universitet, Det Jordbrugsvidenskabelige Fakultet, Foulum har siden 2007 arbejdet på forskningsprojektet Reduceret pattegrisedødelighed og fravænningsdiarre. Et af produkterne fra dette projekt er denne manual for reduktion af pattegrisedødelighed...

  8. Gyldigheden af antagelsen om Gaussisk Turbulens

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Morten; Hansen, Kurt S.; Pedersen, Bo Juul

    2000-01-01

    Vindmøller designes til at modstå virkningen af den turbulente vind, og i den forbindelse plejer men at antage at hastighedens sansynlighed er normalfordelt. Det synes, på baggrund af et stort antal målinger fra flere lokaliteter, at være en rimelig antagelse i fladt homogent terræn, men der find...

  9. Hvad forklarer forskellige typer af frivilligt engagement?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Lars Skov; Rosdahl, David

    2008-01-01

    Artiklen undersøger empirisk gennem multivariate analyser betydningen af forskellige former for personlige og sociale ressourcer for tre forskellige typer af formelt frivilligt arbejde: aktivitetsorienteret frivilligt arbejde, velfærdsorienteret frivilligt arbejde samt politisk og (lokal)samfunds......)samfundsorienteret frivilligt engagement....

  10. Prioriteringer af efterretninger i kampen mod terror

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Thomas Galasz

    2015-01-01

    Efterretningstjenesterne indsamler stadig flere informationer i forsøget på at opdage og imødegå terrorister. Men mængden af informationer gør det ikke nødvendigvis lettere at forudsige terrorhandlinger. Efterretningstjenesterne bør derfor prioritere bearbejdning af oplysningerne højere, end de gør...

  11. Udvikling af intelligent legepraksis i trampoliner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elbæk, Lars; Karoff, Helle Skovbjerg; Rytz Alison, Sigrid

    2012-01-01

    digitale aktiviteter. Det sikkerhedsmæssige er afgørende at medtænke, når der designes et digitalt add-on til en trampolin. Hvordan kan det fremmes uden at legen hurtigt bliver kedelig? Dette var en af de store udfordringer i udviklingen af den intelligente trampolin, som der redegøres for i artiklen...

  12. Udvikling af pille-doserings teknologi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brændgaard, Rikke; Churchill, Inge-Lise; Bolvig Poulsen, Søren;

    2015-01-01

    Lab. X har i samarbejde med Brønderslev Kommune og Firmaet LT Automation i et idegenereringsforløb omhandlende viden om "pillens vej", indhentet viden om udfordringer og barrierer i forbindelse med udlevering af medicin fra apoteket til den afslutningsvis indtages af borgeren. Formålet med unders...

  13. Grundtvigs nationalisme i lyset af nationalismeteori

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Böss/Bøss, Michael

    2013-01-01

    af det modernistiske paradigme har gjort det muligt at diskutere Grundvigs syn på fædreland og folk på en mere nuanceret måde end tidligere. Artiklen argumenterer for, at Grundtvigs tanker om folket skal forstås som en fornyelse og demokratisering af 1700-tallets patriotisme og en geopolitisk...

  14. Dimensionering af fortrængningsventilation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Peter Vilhelm

    2000-01-01

    Lufthastigheden og temperaturfordelingen er væsentlige elementer i bestemmelsen af den termiske komfort i rum med fortrængningsventilation. Det er derfor vigtigt at fastlægge disse størrelser i selve designproceduren. Aalborg Universitet har udviklet en forenklet metode til bestemmelse af lufthas...

  15. Deregulering af arbejdsretlige EU-direktiver

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hasselbalch, Ole; Rønnow Bruun, Jørgen

    2013-01-01

    Europa-Kommissionen vil lette de ”reguleringsmæssige byrder” for små og mellemstore virksomheder (SMV). Langt hovedparten af de danske virksomheder er SMV´er. Konsekvenserne af initiativet kan derfor blive særdeles vidtgående på dansk grund. Artiklen drøfter, om det overhovedet er muligt i henhold...

  16. Forført af hjernen?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lieberoth, Andreas

    2013-01-01

    Blandingen af offentlig interesse, gode mediehistorier og smarte sælgere har ført til sejlivede neuromyter, der ikke bare distraherer almindelige mennesker, men også fører til udbredte misforståelser blandt professionelle som lærere og plejepersonale. I bedste fald leder neuromyter til spild af t...

  17. Måling af virksomheders administrative byrder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langsted, Lars Bo

    2004-01-01

    Selskabsstyrelsen har offentliggjort rapporten: "Rapport om måling af virksomhedernes administrative byrder ved årsregnskabsloven og rapport om revisionshonorar for B-virksomheder."......Selskabsstyrelsen har offentliggjort rapporten: "Rapport om måling af virksomhedernes administrative byrder ved årsregnskabsloven og rapport om revisionshonorar for B-virksomheder."...

  18. Miljøvurdering af isoleringsmetoder

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krogh, H.; Rasmussen, J.O.; Nielsen, P.A.

    Når man skal gennemføre miljørigtigt byggeri er det nødvendigt at have adgang til miljødata for materialerne der knytter sig til produktet gennem hele dets livsforløb. I denne rapport præsenteres kvantitative miljødata for fremstilling af isoleringsprodukter. Det drejer sig om løsfyldsproduklter ...... cellulosefibre, ruller og plader af hør samt produkter af perlite. Rapporten viser også, hvordan disse data kan benyttes til at beregne miljøbelastninger for hele bygningsdele. Desuden gives en kvantitativ vurdering af produkternes miljøpåvirkninger af indeklimaet og ved bortskaffelse...

  19. Om fortolkning af Bernerkonventionen. Er Bernerkonventionen et maksimalistisk instrument?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blomqvist, Jørgen

    2016-01-01

    Bernerkonventionens formålsbestemmelser analyseres i lyset af deres betydning for fortolkning af konventionen. Det konstateres, at konventionen ikke tilstræber det absolut maksimale niveau af beskyttelse....

  20. The effect of massage with medium-chain triglyceride oil on weight gain in premature neonates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saeadi, Reza; Ghorbani, Zahra; Shapouri Moghaddam, Abbas

    2015-01-01

    Prematurity and poor weight gaining are important causes for neonatal hospitalization. The present study aimed to investigate the role of medium-chain triglyceride (MCT) oil via massage therapy as a supplementary nutritional method on the weight gain of Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU)-hospitalized neonates. This randomized clinical trial performed among 121 stable premature neonates hospitalized in the NICU of Qaem Educational Hospital, Mashhad, Iran. They were randomly divided into three groups: oil-massage, massage alone and control groups. These groups were compared on the basis of weight gain during a one-week interval. The three groups were matched for sex, mean gestational age, birth weight, head circumference, delivery, and feeding type (P>0.05). The mean weight gain on the 7th day in the oil massage group was 105±1.3gr and 52±0.1gr in the massage group; whereas 54±1.3gr weight loss was observed in the control group. Significant differences were observed between the oil-massage group and the other two groups, respectively (P=0.002 and P=0.000). The findings of this study suggest that transcutaneous feeding with MCT oil massage therapy in premature neonates can result in accelerated weight gain in this age group with no risk of NEC.

  1. Effectiveness of Massage Therapy for Chronic, Non-Malignant Pain: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennie C. I. Tsao

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Previous reviews of massage therapy for chronic, non-malignant pain have focused on discrete pain conditions. This article aims to provide a broad overview of the literature on the effectiveness of massage for a variety of chronic, non-malignant pain complaints to identify gaps in the research and to inform future clinical trials. Computerized databases were searched for relevant studies including prior reviews and primary trials of massage therapy for chronic, non-malignant pain. Existing research provides fairly robust support for the analgesic effects of massage for non-specific low back pain, but only moderate support for such effects on shoulder pain and headache pain. There is only modest, preliminary support for massage in the treatment of fibromyalgia, mixed chronic pain conditions, neck pain and carpal tunnel syndrome. Thus, research to date provides varying levels of evidence for the benefits of massage therapy for different chronic pain conditions. Future studies should employ rigorous study designs and include follow-up assessments for additional quantification of the longer-term effects of massage on chronic pain.

  2. Integrative Evaluation of Automated Massage Combined with Thermotherapy: Physical, Physiological, and Psychological Viewpoints

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Do-Won Kim

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Various types of massages are reported to relieve stress, pain, and anxiety which are beneficial for rehabilitation; however, more comprehensive studies are needed to understand the mechanism of massage therapy. In this study, we investigated the effect of massage therapy, alone or in combination with infrared heating, on 3 different aspects: physical, physiological, and psychological. Twenty-eight healthy university students were subjected to 3 different treatment conditions on separate days, one condition per day: control, massage only, or massage with infrared heating. Physical (trunk extension [TE]; maximum power of erector spinae, physiological (heart-rate variability [HRV]; electroencephalogram [EEG], and psychological (state-trait anxiety inventory [STAI]; visual analogue scale [VAS] measurements were evaluated and recorded before and after each treatment condition. The results showed that massage therapy, especially when combined with infrared heating, significantly improved physical functioning, increased parasympathetic response, and decreased psychological stress and anxiety. In the current study, we observed that massage therapy contributes to various physical, physiological, and psychological changes, where the effect increases with thermotherapy.

  3. The Effects of Massage Therapy on Multiple Sclerosis Patients’ Quality of Life and Leg Function

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brittany Schroeder

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Massage therapy is a noninvasive treatment that many individuals with multiple sclerosis (MS use to supplement their conventional treatment. Objective. We hypothesize that massage therapy will improve the leg function and overall quality of life (QoL of MS patients. Design. A two-period (rest, massage crossover design was used. Twenty-four individuals with MS ranging from 3.0 to 7.0 on the Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS received Swedish massage treatments for four weeks. Exercise capacity and leg function as well as QoL were assessed using the Six-Minute Walk Test (6MWT and the Hamburg Quality of Life in Multiple Sclerosis (HAQUAMS instrument, respectively. Assessments were measured before and after a massage period and a rest period where no massages were employed. Results. The results displayed no significant changes in 6MWT distances or HAQUAMS scores. However, the participants perceived improvement in overall health as expressed in written comments. Conclusions. Massage is a safe, noninvasive treatment that may assist MS patients in managing the stress of their symptoms. Future studies with larger sample size and cortisol measures are warranted.

  4. The effect of massage by mothers on growth in healthy full term infants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hatice Bal Yılmaz

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to investigate the effect of massage by mothers on growth in healthy full term infants.The research sample consisted of 60 healthy full term infants assigned with randomized controlled sampling technique. The control group consisted of 30 healthy infants who were cross-matched with a massage group of infants for gender, gestational age, birth weight, birth length and date of birth. Mothers in the massage group administered 15 minutes of massage to their infants daily for 14 weeks, starting on day 15 ±2 of life. Body weight and height were measured in the two groups at birth and at the end of 4th weeks and 16th weeks corrected gestational age. The study was conducted at a public health clinic in an urban area of İzmir, Turkey between August 2003 and May 2004. Body weight and height gains in the massage group after 2 weeks and after 14 weeks of massage were higher than the control group. These differences in weight and height parameters were statistically significant. However it was determined that the male infants were the source of these differences. This therapy would appear to be an easy, effective way for parents to enhance their infants’ growth. Massage application may have a potential to improve the growth in infants.

  5. The effect of massage with medium-chain triglyceride oil on weight gain in premature neonates.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reza Saeadi

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Prematurity and poor weight gaining are important causes for neonatal hospitalization. The present study aimed to investigate the role of medium-chain triglyceride (MCT oil via massage therapy as a supplementary nutritional method on the weight gain of Neonatal Intensive Care Units (NICU-hospitalized neonates. This randomized clinical trial performed among 121 stable premature neonates hospitalized in the NICU of Qaem Educational Hospital, Mashhad, Iran. They were randomly divided into three groups: oil-massage, massage alone and control groups. These groups were compared on the basis of weight gain during a one-week interval. The three groups were matched for sex, mean gestational age, birth weight, head circumference, delivery, and feeding type (P>0.05. The mean weight gain on the 7th day in the oil massage group was 105±1.3gr and 52±0.1gr in the massage group; whereas 54±1.3gr weight loss was observed in the control group. Significant differences were observed between the oil-massage group and the other two groups, respectively (P=0.002 and P=0.000. The findings of this study suggest that transcutaneous feeding with MCT oil massage therapy in premature neonates can result in accelerated weight gain in this age group with no risk of NEC.

  6. Optimering af behandlingseffekten i akvakultur. Minimering af forbrug og udledning af hjælpestoffer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sortkjær, Ole; Henriksen, Niels Henrik; Demuth Heinecke, Rasmus;

    er 1/5 af, hvad der normalt anvendes. Brintoverilte omsættes hurtigt, så det er nødvendigt at supplere med brintoverilte under behandlingen i damme. Forsøg med biofilter viser, at formalin omsættes hurtigere, hvis det i forvejen har været eksponeret med formalin, og det skader ikke den mikrobielle...... behandlingstiden samtidig bliver forlænget, sådan som toksicitetstestene viser. For at bekæmpe fiskedræberen skal der behandles flere gange med nogle dages mellemrum, når dambruget er hårdt inficeret. I recirkulerende anlæg med biofilter er det nødvendigt at supplere med formalin for at holde koncentrationen under...

  7. DVD anmeldelse - En Verden af Lyd og Musik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holck, Ulla

    2006-01-01

    Anmeldelse af DVD-udgivelse af Claus Bang (2005): En Verden af Lyd og Musik. Musikterapi for døve, hørehæmmede og multihandicappede børn og unge. Al tale med undertekst eller tegnsprogstolkning. DVD-boks med 3 stk. dobbeltlag DVD beregnet til afspilning på PC. Udgivet af Musikterapi-foreningen En...... Verden af Lyd og Musik; produceret af Zenaria, Aalborg. Se også www.clausbang.com...

  8. A survey of training and practice patterns of massage therapists in two US states

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hrbek Andrea

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite the growing popularity of therapeutic massage in the US, little is known about the training or practice characteristics of massage therapists. The objective of this study was to describe these characteristics. Methods As part of a study of random samples of complementary and alternative medicine (CAM practitioners, we interviewed 226 massage therapists licensed in Connecticut and Washington state by telephone in 1998 and 1999 (85% of those contacted and then asked a sample of them to record information on 20 consecutive visits to their practices (total of 2005 consecutive visits. Results Most massage therapists were women (85%, white (95%, and had completed some continuing education training (79% in Connecticut and 52% in Washington. They treated a limited number of conditions, most commonly musculoskeletal (59% and 63% (especially back, neck, and shoulder problems, wellness care (20% and 19%, and psychological complaints (9% and 6% (especially anxiety and depression. Practitioners commonly used one or more assessment techniques (67% and 74% and gave a massage emphasizing Swedish (81% and 77%, deep tissue (63% and 65%, and trigger/pressure point techniques (52% and 46%. Self-care recommendations, including increasing water intake, body awareness, and specific forms of movement, were made as part of more than 80% of visits. Although most patients self-referred to massage, more than one-quarter were receiving concomitant care for the same problem from a physician. Massage therapists rarely communicated with these physicians. Conclusion This study provides new information about licensed massage therapists that should be useful to physicians and other healthcare providers interested in learning about massage therapy in order to advise their patients about this popular CAM therapy.

  9. Steps toward massage therapy guidelines: a first report to the profession.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, Keith Eric; Balletto, John; Gowan-Moody, Donelda; Healey, Dale; Kincaid, Diana; Lowe, Whitney; Travillian, Ravensara S

    2008-08-20

    The massage profession has grown rapidly since the late 1980s. As with business startups that begin informally and successfully mature into larger enterprises, growth brings new organizational challenges, together with greater visibility and opportunity. The maturation of massage as a health care profession increases the need for a process to formalize the synthesis of massage therapy knowledge from clinical experience and research-to collect what we know and to make such baseline knowledge widely available to practitioners, consumers, and other health care stakeholders. In short, we need to create a process for setting guidelines.The present paper lays out the motivations and framework for creating massage therapy guidelines that are informed both by research and by clinical experience. It also acts as a report to the massage therapy profession and to other stakeholders about the work of the Best Practices Committee of the Massage Therapy Foundation since 2006. And it has the additional goal of providing a health care literature basis for future academic discussions of massage.The discussion here is based on a definition from the Institute of Medicine and on research into the nature of expertise. Guidelines are targeted for submission to the National Guideline Clearinghouse. Challenges in creating guidelines for massage therapy are discussed. Various stakeholders are considered. Current literature from the wider scope of health care is extensively reviewed. Topics addressed include guideline creation, credentialing of complementary and alternative medicine practitioners, definition of competence, and the increasing role of technology (that is, informatics) in managing training and task-necessary competencies. Finally, a process for creation of massage therapy guidelines is proposed. A central feature of the proposal is the use of a "World Café" symposium to elicit knowledge and solutions from diverse experts. The role of transparency and broad and open peer

  10. Effects of massage therapy on sleep quality after coronary artery bypass graft surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flavia Baggio Nerbass

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Having poor sleep quality is common among patients following cardiopulmonary artery bypass graft surgery. Pain, stress, anxiety and poor sleep quality may be improved by massage therapy. OBJECTIVE: This study evaluated whether massage therapy is an effective technique for improving sleep quality in patients following cardiopulmonary artery bypass graft surgery. METHOD: Participants included cardiopulmonary artery bypass graft surgery patients who were randomized into a control group and a massage therapy group following discharge from the intensive care unit (Day 0, during the postoperative period. The control group and the massage therapy group comprised participants who were subjected to three nights without massage and three nights with massage therapy, respectively. The patients were evaluated on the following mornings (i.e., Day 1 to Day 3 using a visual analogue scale for pain in the chest, back and shoulders, in addition to fatigue and sleep. Participants kept a sleep diary during the study period. RESULTS: Fifty-seven cardiopulmonary artery bypass graft surgery patients were enrolled in the study during the preoperative period, 17 of whom were excluded due to postoperative complications. The remaining 40 participants (male: 67.5%, age: 61.9 years ± 8.9 years, body mass index: 27.2 kg/m² ± 3.7 kg/m² were randomized into control (n = 20 and massage therapy (n = 20 groups. Pain in the chest, shoulders, and back decreased significantly in both groups from Day 1 to Day 3. The participants in the massage therapy group had fewer complaints of fatigue on Day 1 (p=0.006 and Day 2 (p=0.028 in addition, they reported a more effective sleep during all three days (p=0.019 when compared with the participants in the control group. CONCLUSION: Massage therapy is an effective technique for improving patient recovery from cardiopulmonary artery bypass graft surgery because it reduces fatigue and improves sleep.

  11. [Development of a massage device based on microcontroller in the field of alimentary tract].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Rong; Peng, Chenglin; He, Hongmei; Zhu, Jing

    2007-12-01

    In this artical is first reported a survey of the progress in research of MEMS technology. Then, the basic structure, features and the principles of a massage device based on microcontroller in the field of alimentary tract are introduced. Special emphasis is laid on the utilization of MSP430F123 microprocessor for producing a kind of period pulse to control the power of massage capsule. In general, the research and development of the massage device in the field of alimentary tract have active support and deep significance to therapy in the clinical and business settings as well as in the development of biomedical engineering and MEMS.

  12. Dynamics of the blood flow in the curved artery with the rolling massage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yi, H. H.; Wu, X. H.; Yao, Y. L.

    2011-10-01

    Arterial wall shear stress and flow velocity are important factors in the development of some arterial diseases. Here, we aim to investigate the dynamic effect of the rolling massage on the property of the blood flow in the curved artery. The distributions of flow velocity and shear stress for the blood flow are computed by the lattice Boltzmann method, and the dynamic factors under different rolling techniques are studied numerically. The study is helpful to understand the mechanism of the massage and develop the massage techniques.

  13. [Acupoint Selection Laws for Massage Therapy of Infantile Anorexia: an Analysis Based on Data Mining].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Kai; Wang Jie; Wang, Yan-guo

    2016-06-01

    Massage prescriptions for treating infantile anorexia in Chinese Academic Journal Full-Text Database (CNKI, 1979-2012), Chinese Scientific and Technological Journal Full-Text Database (VIP, 1989-2012) and Wanfang Database (1990-2012) were collected. By using Chinese Medicine Inheritance Auxiliary Platform (Version 2.0) Software, 286 massage prescriptions for treatment of infantile anorexia were screened involved 76 acupoints, 20 commonly used acupoints, and 57 core acupoint combinations. Infantile Tuina specific points were used as main acupoints in massage therapy for infantile anorexia, and core acupoints covered Jizhu, Pi meridian, abdomen, Nei-Bagua, Zusanli (ST36), and Ban-men.

  14. Trykfald over en bed af fliskoks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hindsgaul, Claus; Henriksen, Ulrik Birk

    En (atmosfærisk) luftstrøm ledtes gennem en fast bed af delvist forgasset fliskoks med en binær partikelstørrelsesfordeling (8 og 16 mm). Under variation af størrelsesfordeling og strømningshastighed registreredes det resulterende trykfald gennem bedden. Eksisterende estimationsformler for trykfa......En (atmosfærisk) luftstrøm ledtes gennem en fast bed af delvist forgasset fliskoks med en binær partikelstørrelsesfordeling (8 og 16 mm). Under variation af størrelsesfordeling og strømningshastighed registreredes det resulterende trykfald gennem bedden. Eksisterende estimationsformler...... for trykfaldet blev valideret for de givne kokspartikler. Note: Dette er en bearbejdning af rapporten “Trykfald over en Bed af Fliskoks” ved Donovan og Hindsgaul 1997 [1]. I nogle tilfælde er brugen af symboler ændret i forhold til rapporten for at opnå bedre konsistens ligesom fundne fejl er rettet. Både den...

  15. Vurdering af omfang og konsekvenser af sprøjtning og gødskning af § 3-beskyttede naturarealer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Strandberg, Morten Tune; Bak, Jesper Leth; Bladt, Jesper Stentoft;

    2012-01-01

    Det er overvejende de ferske enge, der gødskes og sprøjtes, hvorimod dette kun undtagelsesvist er konstateret på andre naturtyper som overdrev og heder m.m. De ferske enge er samtidig den mest udbredte § 3-naturtype. Behandling i form af gødskning og sprøjtning foregår anslået på op til 20 % af a...

  16. Vurdering af hygiejniseringseffekten af nedsivning af viral hæmorrhagisk septikæmi virus (VHSV) under eksperimentelle forhold

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skall, Helle Frank; Olesen, Niels Jørgen; Jørgensen, Claus

    2011-01-01

    P.t. er nedsivning den i Danmark eneste godkendte metode til hygiejnisering af spildevand fra fiskeopskærings-virksomheder. For at belyse effekten af denne proces er der i dette projekt foretaget eksperimentel undersøgelse af nedsivning af viral hærmorrhagisk septikæmi virus (VHSV) i en søjle...... pakket med grus som top- og bundlag (i alt 22 cm) og bakkesand (76 cm). Over en periode på 18 timer blev der påført 3,9 x 1010 TCID50 (cellekultur infektive doser) VHSV til søjlen hvorefter der blev påført postevand i resten af forsøgstiden. Forsøget kørte over 7 dage, og i den tid blev der udtaget...... prøver fra udløbet til virologisk undersøgelse. Prøveudtagningen var mest intensiv i den periode hvor der var størst risiko for at VHSV kom ud af i bunden søjlen. Der blev ikke påvist virus ved den virologiske undersøgelse. Da den virologiske undersøgelses følsomhed var 13,9 TCID50/ml kunne der påvises...

  17. Blended Learning Analytics Model for Evaluation (BLAME. Et case-studie af universitetsunderviseres brug af Blackboard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Musaeus

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available I denne artikel vil vi præsentere en strategi til inddragelse af læringsanalytik (learning analytics ved evaluering af universitetsunderviseres brug af et nyt LMS på Aarhus Universitet: Blackboard. Vi diskuterer en model (BLAME: Blended Learning Analytics Model of Evaluation for, hvordan kategorisering af kurser og data om læringsanalytik indsamlet på Blackboard kan integreres. Endvidere belyser vi, hvilke implikationer en sådan læringsanalytik kan have for blended learning ved at analysere to forskellige uddannelses-cases/illustrationer. Dernæst diskuterer vi pædagogisk udvikling i forbindelse med evalueringsrapport om underviseres brug af Blackboard som beslutningsstøtte for feedback og pædagogisk intervention. Artiklen slutter med en diskussion af, hvordan data til læringsanalytik bør indsamles i LMS og bruges til afrapportering og undervisningsudvikling.

  18. Optimering af byggeprocessen via bedre/forøget brug af digitale modeller

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carlsen, Mads; Grøn, Dorte Marie Frilund; Alon, Nevo;

    2013-01-01

    Projektet klarlægger nødvendigheden for, og muligheder i, en struktureret og konsekvent planlægning ved anvendelsen af BIM i relation til projektering, udførelse og drift af byggeri. Der er udarbejdet et planlægningsværktøj, der muliggør en sådan planlægning. Samtidig kortlægges de nødvendige data......, der kan udtrækkes af en BIM model ved gennemførelsen af en LCA simulering. Projektet afsluttes med en præsentation af en udviklet demonstratorapplikation til gennemførelse af LCA simuleringer koblet med BIM modellen....

  19. Air Emissions/IGD: EF_AFS

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — EF_AFS is a subset of facilities from FRS_INTEREST and FRS_FACILITY_SITE which are updated on a monthly basis as part of the Locational Reference Tables (LRT)...

  20. The facial massage reduced anxiety and negative mood status, and increased sympathetic nervous activity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatayama, Tomoko; Kitamura, Shingo; Tamura, Chihiro; Nagano, Mayumi; Ohnuki, Koichiro

    2008-12-01

    The aim of this study was to clarify the effects of 45 min of facial massage on the activity of autonomic nervous system, anxiety and mood in 32 healthy women. Autonomic nervous activity was assessed by heart rate variability (HRV) with spectral analysis. In the spectral analysis of HRV, we evaluated the high-frequency components (HF) and the low- to high-frequency ratio (LF/HF ratio), reflecting parasympathetic nervous activity and sympathetic nervous activity, respectively. The State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI) and the Profile of Mood Status (POMS) were administered to evaluate psychological status. The score of STAI and negative scale of POMS were significantly reduced following the massage, and only the LF/HF ratio was significantly enhanced after the massage. It was concluded that the facial massage might refresh the subjects by reducing their psychological distress and activating the sympathetic nervous system.

  1. FORTY CASES OF INSOMNIA TREATED WITH ACUPUNCTURE, MASSAGE AND MUSIC THERAPY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Lin-yu

    2005-01-01

    @@ Insomnia is a commonly encountered sleep disorder in clinical practice. The author of the present paper treated 40 cases of insomnia with acupuncture and massage combined with music therapy and achieved satisfied outcomes. Following is the report.

  2. Influence of massage and occlusion on the ex vivo skin penetration of rigid liposomes and invasomes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Trauer, S.; Richter, H.; Kuntsche, Judith

    2014-01-01

    Liposomes are frequently described as drug delivery systems for dermal and transdermal applications. Recently, it has been shown that particulate substances penetrate effectively into hair follicles and that the follicular penetration depth can be increased by massaging the skin, which simulates...... the in vivo movement of hairs in the hair follicles. In the present study, massage was applied to skin mounted to Franz diffusion cells. By means of confocal laser scanning microscopy, the influence of massage and occlusion on the follicular penetration depths of rigid and flexible liposomes loaded...... with a hydrophilic and lipophilic dye was investigated. The application of massage increased follicular penetration significantly. Occlusion resulted in an increased follicular penetration depth only for rigid liposomes, whereas invasomes did not penetrate more effectively if occlusion was applied. The results...

  3. Does post-exercise massage treatment reduce delayed onset muscle soreness? A systematic review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ernst, E.

    1998-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) is a frequent problem after unaccustomed exercise. No universally accepted treatment exists. Massage therapy is often recommended for this condition but uncertainty exists about its effectiveness. AIM: To determine whether post-exercise massage alleviates the symptoms of DOMS after a bout of strenuous exercise. METHOD: Various computerised literature searches were carried out and located seven controlled trials. RESULTS: Most of the trials were burdened with serious methodological flaws, and their results are far from uniform. However, most suggest that post-exercise massage may alleviate symptoms of DOMS. CONCLUSIONS: Massage therapy may be a promising treatment for DOMS. Definitive studies are warranted. 


 PMID:9773168

  4. Acute effects of massage or active exercise in relieving muscle soreness

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Lars L; Jay, Kenneth; Andersen, Christoffer H

    2013-01-01

    Massage is commonly believed to be the best modality for relieving muscle soreness. However, actively warming up the muscles with exercise may be an effective alternative. The purpose of this study was to compare the acute effect of massage with active exercise for relieving muscle soreness. Twenty...... healthy female volunteers (mean age 32 years) participated in this examiner-blind randomized controlled trial (ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01478451). The participants performed eccentric contractions for the upper trapezius muscle on a Biodex dynamometer. Delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS) presented 48 hours...... on PPT peaked 20 minutes after treatment. In conclusion, active exercise using elastic resistance provides similar acute relief of muscle soreness as compared with that using massage. Coaches, therapists, and athletes can use either active warm-up or massage to reduce DOMS acutely, for example...

  5. A guiding framework to understand relationships within the profession of massage therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baskwill, Amanda

    2016-07-01

    An element of professionalization is the development of a body of knowledge and the integration of that knowledge into practice, also known as evidence-informed practice (EIP). EIP was officially adopted in Ontario, Canada, by the massage therapy profession in 2002 when the professional competency document was updated to include competencies related to research literacy (College of Massage Therapists of Ontario, 2002). Despite efforts to increase EIP, there continues to be a research-practice gap in massage therapy. However, there also seems to be interest in finding ways to support the increase massage therapists' capacity to apply research. To support change, it is useful to describe the relationships in the profession that may have an effect on the use of evidence in practice and the development of a broader culture of inquiry. In order to better understand how these relationships may impact on EIP, an ecological model is proposed.

  6. The effectiveness of aromatherapy massage using lavender oil as a treatment for infantile colic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Çetinkaya, Bengü; Başbakkal, Zümrüt

    2012-04-01

    The aim of this paper was to investigate the effect of aromatherapy massage using lavender oil as a possible treatment for this condition. This research was carried out on a group of 40 infants between 2 and 6 weeks of age with a gestational age of 38-42 weeks and normal development and growth. All the infants weighed between 2500 and 4000 g at birth and all exhibited the signs of colic. Infants in the treatment group received abdominal massage by their mothers using lavender oil, while those in the control group were not subject to an intervention. The infants in both control and treatment groups were monitored once a week by the researchers, in total five times. The effect of the massage was measured in terms of changes in the length of time the infants cried per week. The use of aromatherapy massage using lavender oil was found to be effective in reducing the symptoms of colic.

  7. Arbejdsmiljø ved udbud af busdrift

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wiegmann, Inger-Marie; Mathiesen, Karin; Hasle, Peter

    En undersøgelse af sammenhængen mellem arbejdsmiljø og udbud af busdrift i tre trafikselskabet. Resultaterne peger på at arbejdsmiljøet går fra udelukkende til at være et anliggende mellem arbejdsgiver og arbejdstager til et trepartsforhold hvor også udbyder (trafikselskabet) får et ansvar og har...

  8. Danskernes brug af business case og gevinstrealisering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ernst, Martin

    2013-01-01

    Business case og gevinstrealisering har længe været faste begreber, når man taler effektivisering, implementering af strategi etc. Mange bruger det, flere brugere det delvist, og nogle bruger det slet ikke.......Business case og gevinstrealisering har længe været faste begreber, når man taler effektivisering, implementering af strategi etc. Mange bruger det, flere brugere det delvist, og nogle bruger det slet ikke....

  9. Please change your AFS/Linux Passwords

    CERN Multimedia

    2003-01-01

    Following some serious computer break-ins, which have exposed a number of passwords, users of AFS and Linux systems, including LXPLUS, are requested to change passwords as soon as possible. This especially concerns passwords typed at CERN, as well as any typed at remote sites while connected through CERN, since 18 March 2003. Use 'kpasswd' to change your AFS passwords. Further password advice is at: http://cern.ch/security/passwords Denise Heagerty, CERN Computer Security Officer, Computer.Security@cern.ch

  10. Blended Learning Analytics Model for Evaluation (BLAME). Et case-studie af universitetsunderviseres brug af Blackboard

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Musaeus, Peter; Bennedsen, Andreas Brændstrup; Hansen, Janne Saltoft;

    2015-01-01

    I denne artikel vil vi præsentere en strategi til inddragelse af læringsanalytik (learning analytics) ved evaluering af universitetsunderviseres brug af et nyt LMS på Aarhus Universitet: Blackboard. Vi diskuterer en model (BLAME: Blended Learning Analytics Model of Evaluation) for, hvordan...... kategorisering af kurser og data om læringsanalytik indsamlet på Blackboard kan integreres. Endvidere belyser vi, hvilke implikationer en sådan læringsanalytik kan have for blended learning ved at analysere to forskellige uddannelses-cases/illustrationer. Dernæst diskuterer vi pædagogisk udvikling i forbindelse...

  11. Første generation af miljøvurdering af kommune- og lokalplaner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, A.; Lyhne, I.; Kristensen, J.N.;

    2006-01-01

    Artiklen præsenterer den første statusopgørelse på kommunernes arbejde med Lov om miljøvurdering af planer og programmer (SMV) og er den første empiriske undersøgelse af, hvad loven betyder for kommunernes planlægning.......Artiklen præsenterer den første statusopgørelse på kommunernes arbejde med Lov om miljøvurdering af planer og programmer (SMV) og er den første empiriske undersøgelse af, hvad loven betyder for kommunernes planlægning....

  12. Dokazi o učinkovitosti masaže: Evidence on effectiveness of massage:

    OpenAIRE

    MOHARIĆ, Metka

    2011-01-01

    Background: Massage is an increasingly popular modality used for a variety conditions. The purpose of this article is to establish the scientific evidence regarding its effectiveness. Methods: A systematic review of randomised controlled clinical trials and systematic reviews in the PubMed, Cinahl, PEDro, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews and Ebscohost databases for the years 2000-2011 with keywords therapeutic massage and effectiveness was conducted. Results: Twenty-one relevant system...

  13. Aromatherapy Massage Affects Menopausal Symptoms in Korean Climacteric Women: A Pilot-Controlled Clinical Trial

    OpenAIRE

    Myung-Haeng Hur; Yun Seok Yang; Myeong Soo Lee

    2008-01-01

    This study investigated the effects of aromatherapy massage on menopausal symptoms in Korean climacteric women. Kupperman's menopausal index was used to compare an experimental group of 25 climacteric women with a wait-listed control group of 27 climacteric women. Aromatherapy was applied topically to subjects in the experimental group in the form of massage on the abdomen, back and arms using lavender, rose geranium, rose and jasmine in almond and primrose oils once a week for 8 weeks (eight...

  14. Physiological Adjustments to Stress Measures Following Massage Therapy: A Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Albert Moraska

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Use of massage therapy by the general public has increased substantially in recent years. In light of the popularity of massage therapy for stress reduction, a comprehensive review of the peer-reviewed literature is important to summarize the effectiveness of this modality on stress-reactive physiological measures. On-line databases were searched for articles relevant to both massage therapy and stress. Articles were included in this review if (i the massage therapy account consisted of manipulation of soft tissues and was conducted by a trained therapist, and (ii a dependent measure to evaluate physiological stress was reported. Hormonal and physical parameters are reviewed. A total of 25 studies met all inclusion criteria. A majority of studies employed a 20–30 min massage administered twice-weekly over 5 weeks with evaluations conducted pre-post an individual session (single treatment or following a series of sessions (multiple treatments. Single treatment reductions in salivary cortisol and heart rate were consistently noted. A sustained reduction for these measures was not supported in the literature, although the single-treatment effect was repeatable within a study. To date, the research data is insufficient to make definitive statements regarding the multiple treatment effect of massage therapy on urinary cortisol or catecholamines, but some evidence for a positive effect on diastolic blood pressure has been documented. While significant improvement has been demonstrated following massage therapy, the general research body on this topic lacks the necessary scientific rigor to provide a definitive understanding of the effect massage therapy has on many physiological variables associated with stress.

  15. Physiological adjustments to stress measures following massage therapy: a review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moraska, Albert; Pollini, Robin A; Boulanger, Karen; Brooks, Marissa Z; Teitlebaum, Lesley

    2010-12-01

    Use of massage therapy by the general public has increased substantially in recent years. In light of the popularity of massage therapy for stress reduction, a comprehensive review of the peer-reviewed literature is important to summarize the effectiveness of this modality on stress-reactive physiological measures. On-line databases were searched for articles relevant to both massage therapy and stress. Articles were included in this review if (i) the massage therapy account consisted of manipulation of soft tissues and was conducted by a trained therapist, and (ii) a dependent measure to evaluate physiological stress was reported. Hormonal and physical parameters are reviewed. A total of 25 studies met all inclusion criteria. A majority of studies employed a 20-30 min massage administered twice-weekly over 5 weeks with evaluations conducted pre-post an individual session (single treatment) or following a series of sessions (multiple treatments). Single treatment reductions in salivary cortisol and heart rate were consistently noted. A sustained reduction for these measures was not supported in the literature, although the single-treatment effect was repeatable within a study. To date, the research data is insufficient to make definitive statements regarding the multiple treatment effect of massage therapy on urinary cortisol or catecholamines, but some evidence for a positive effect on diastolic blood pressure has been documented. While significant improvement has been demonstrated following massage therapy, the general research body on this topic lacks the necessary scientific rigor to provide a definitive understanding of the effect massage therapy has on many physiological variables associated with stress.

  16. Enzymatisk omestring til produktion af biodiesel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fjerbæk, Lene

    2007-01-01

      Biodiesel er i dag sammen med bioethanol et bud på, hvordan transportsektoren kan nedbringe sin netto CO2-emission til atmosfæren og lagrene af fossilt brændstof kan strækkes. På verdensplan forventes der en produktion af biodiesel på 7,9 mio. tons i 2007. Ved den industrielle fremstilling af...... biodiesel benyttes i dag kemiske katalysatorer såsom H2SO4, NaOH, MeONa eller KOH, der efterfølgende fjernes fra den producerede biodiesel med store mængder vand og derved produceres store mængder spildevand. Ved at benytte enzymer i processen kan man reducere mængden af spildevand, der skal renses. Enzymer...... benyttes ikke i de eksisterende processer, men det forventes, at udviklingen af processerne vil øge deres anvendelse i biodieselproduktion. I artiklen præsenteres fordele og ulemper ved anvendelse af enzymer til biodiesel produktion....

  17. Pædagogisk brug af test

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nordenbo, Sven Erik; Allerup, Peter; Andersen, Hanne Leth

    Publikationen er resultatet af et systematisk review foretaget i regi af Dansk Clearinghouse for Uddannelsesforskning. Reviewets grundspørgsmål er: Hvordan kan grundskolelæreres individ- og klassecentrerede brug af data fra test forbedre læreres didaktiske og/eller fagdidaktiske tiltag i klasser...... med almindelige elever? Spørgsmålet vedrører alene testtyper, som indgår i nationale test i de nordiske lande. Og hvordan indvirker indførelsen af testning på læreres didaktiske beslutninger og elevers læringsadfærd? Vi fandt frem til at grundskolelæreres individ- og klassecentrerede brug af testdata...... i klasser med almindelige elever forbedres, når de didaktiske og/eller fagdidaktiske tiltag bygger på test, som lærerne oplever et medejerskab for. Vi fandt fremtil, at introduktion af test fra instanser over klasseniveau med det formål at indvirke på undervisning og elevers læringsadfærd har...

  18. Læring som improviseret udvikling af praksis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brinck, Lars

    2010-01-01

    Med afsæt i forfatterens fænomenografiske studie af amerikanske musikeres oplevelse af det at jamme diskuterer artiklen, hvorvidt jam-bandets spontant improviserende praksis kan give ny forståelse af rytmiske musikeres læring som et overordnet socialt fænomen. Ved at betragte jam-bandets praksis i...

  19. Udvikling af informationskompetence i problemorienterede læreprocesser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andreasen, Lars Birch; Jørgensen, Lars; Lerche Nielsen, Jørgen

    2007-01-01

    begreberne om problemorienteret projektarbejde og informationskompetence i forhold til forståelsen af læring og af sammenhængen mellem information og viden. Og artiklen peger på betydningen af relationer og oplevelsen af relevans for at skabe sammenhæng mellem bibliotekers og uddannelsers praksis. Artiklen...

  20. Om den sociale og symbolske funktion af uddannelsesevalueringer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørholm, Morten

    Ph.d.-afhandlingen handler om evalueringer, om evalueringer af uddannelse med et fokus og perspektiv som er begrænset til en afdækning af forhold om evalueringer, til en formulering af en teori om evalueringer. I afhandlingens analyser og diskussioner anvendes teorier af Émile Durkheim, Pierre...

  1. Poetisk verbalbrug og sproglig datering af gammeltestamentlige tekster

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Siegismund, Kasper

    2013-01-01

    Denne artikel giver en kort introduktion til diskussionen af sproglig datering af tekster fra det Gamle Testamente og en vurdering af det alternative, ikke-kronologiske synspunkt, der er blevet fremført af Young, Rezetko og Ehrensvärd. To poetiske tekster, der almindeligvis betragtes som arkaiske...

  2. Kommentarer til love og ændringer af love

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møgelvang-Hansen, Peter

    2002-01-01

    folkeoplysende foreningsarbejde og Folkeuniversitetet (folkeoplysningsloven) og ophævelse af lov om daghøjskoler m.v. og lov om den fri ungdomduddannelse samt ændring af lov om refusion af udgifter til uddannelse i forbindelse med aktivering m.m. samt ændring af forskellige love (Reform for daghøjskolerne...

  3. Kontrol af konventionelle våben i Europa

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoffmann, Rune; Kierulf, John; Pradhan-Blach, Flemming

    Rapporten indledes med en historisk gennemgang af tilblivelsen og udviklingen af Traktat om Konventionelle Væbnede Styrker i Europa (CFE), som blev iværksat af NATO og det tidligere Warszawapagten i 1973. Traktaten fastsætter et loft for antallet af kampvogne, pansrede kampkøretøjer, artilleripje...

  4. Ramme- og lokalaftaler om organisering af virksomheders sikkerheds- og sundhedsarbejde

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Ole Henning; Hasle, Peter

    En undersøgelse af ramme aftaler mellem arbejdsmarkedets parter om alternative organisering af sikkerhedsorganisationen, samt en række virksomheders lokale aftaler om samme emne.......En undersøgelse af ramme aftaler mellem arbejdsmarkedets parter om alternative organisering af sikkerhedsorganisationen, samt en række virksomheders lokale aftaler om samme emne....

  5. Ekstraktion af aromastoffer fra tørret oregano

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Knud; Jakobsen, Jens Ellitsgård; Christensen, Jens Porskjær

    2007-01-01

    Ligevægtsforhold omkring ekstraktion af aktivstoffer fra oregano vulgaris med ethanol og vand er undersøgt med henblik på industriel fremstilling af tinkturer er undersøgt. Væskeoptag i tørret oregano som funktion af væskesammensætning er bestemt. Sammensætningen af aktivstoffer i ekstraktet som...

  6. P-Fuzzy Sets(AF,AF)and its Applications%P-模糊集(AF,AF)及其应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫立梅; 徐凤生; 史开泉

    2011-01-01

    By introducing dynamic characteristics to finite ordinary set X, the ordinary set Xwas improved and P-sets (packet sets) was proposed. P-sets is a pair of sets composed of internal P-set XF (internal packet set XF) and outer P-set XF (outer packet set XF), or, (XF, XF) is P-sets. P-sets has dynamic characteristics, that is, internal P-set has internal dynamic characteristics and outer P-set has outer dynamic characteristics. P-sets (XF , XF) was introduced to fuzzy set A of L. A. Zadeh,the fuzzy set A of L. A. Zadeh was improved,P-fuzzy sets(packet fuzzy sets) was given. P-fuzzy sets is a pair of fuzzy sets composed of internal P-fuzzy set AF (internal packet fuzzy set AF )and outer P-fuzzy set AF (outer packet fuzzy set AF) ,or, (AF ,AF) is P-fuzzy sets. P-fuzzy sets has dynamic characteristics, some properties and applications of P-fuzzy sets were given. Under certain conditions, P-fuzzy sets (AF ,AF)can come back to the original of ordinary fuzzy set A of L. A. Zadeh. P-fuzzy sets has more extensive applications than fuzzy set of L. A. Zadeh. P-fuzzy sets is a new direction of fuzzy set theory and applied research.%把动态特性引入到有限普通集合X内,改进了普通集合X,提出了P-集合(packet sets);P-集合是由内P-集合XF(internal packet set XF)与外P-集合XF(outer packet set XF)构成的集合对;或者(XF,XF)是P-集合.P-集合具有动态特性:内P-集合具有内-动态特性,外P-集合具有外-动态特性.把P-集合(XF,XF)引入到L.A.Zadeh模糊集A中,改进L.A.Zadeh模糊集A,提出P-模糊集(packet fuzzy sets).P-模糊集是由内P-模糊集AF(internal packet fuzzy setAF)与外P-模糊集AP(outer packet fuzzy set AF)构成的模糊集合对,或者(AF,AF)是P-模糊集.P-模糊集具有动态特性,给出了P-模糊集的若干特征与应用.在一定条件下,P-模糊集(AF,AF)能够回到L.A.Zadeh模糊集A的"原点".P-模糊集比L.A.Zadeh模糊集具有更大的应用空间.P-模糊集是模糊集理论与应用中的一个新的研究方向.

  7. CLASSICAL AREAS OF PHENOMENOLOGY: Lattice Boltzmann simulation of behaviour of particles moving in blood vessels under the rolling massage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yi, Hou-Hui; Yang, Xiao-Feng; Wang, Cai-Feng; Li, Hua-Bing

    2009-07-01

    The rolling massage is one of the most important manipulations in Chinese massage, which is expected to eliminate many diseases. Here, the effect of the rolling massage on a pair of particles moving in blood vessels under rolling massage manipulation is studied by the lattice Boltzmann simulation. The simulated results show that the motion of each particle is considerably modified by the rolling massage, and it depends on the relative rolling velocity, the rolling depth, and the distance between particle position and rolling position. Both particles' translational average velocities increase almost linearly as the rolling velocity increases, and obey the same law. The increment of the average relative angular velocity for the leading particle is smaller than that of the trailing one. The result is helpful for understanding the mechanism of the massage and to further develop the rolling techniques.

  8. Feasibility and effectiveness of massage therapy for symptom relief in cardiac catheter laboratory staff: a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, Shelly R; Engen, Deborah J; Bauer, Brent A; Holmes, David R; Rihal, Charanjit S; Lennon, Ryan J; Loehrer, Laura L; Wahner-Roedler, Dietlind L

    2012-02-01

    A pilot study was conducted to assess the feasibility and efficacy of massage therapy for cardiac catheterization laboratory staff. Staff members (N = 50) were randomly assigned to 5 or 10 weekly 30-min massages, followed by outcomes assessment. A control group (n = 10) receiving no massage therapy underwent comparable assessment. Visual analog scales, the t test, and the repeated measures model evaluated fatigue, pain, relaxation, stress/anxiety, tension/discomfort, and scheduling ease at baseline, 5 weeks, and 10 weeks. The Aickin separation test was used to assess feasibility of further research. Overall, 90% (337/375) of massage appointments were used. No significant effects were observed, but the Aickin separation test supported further research on massage therapy for fatigue, pain, relaxation, and tension/discomfort. Conducting massage therapy in the workplace is logistically feasible. Larger, longitudinal trials are warranted to better evaluate its effects on staff.

  9. Effectiveness of Anma massage therapy in alleviating physical symptoms in outpatients with Parkinson's disease: a before-after study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donoyama, Nozomi; Suoh, Sachie; Ohkoshi, Norio

    2014-11-01

    We aimed to confirm the physical effects of a single Anma massage session and continuous Anma massage therapy for outpatients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Twenty-one PD outpatients (mean age, 64.43 ± 8.39 [SD] years; Hoehn and Yahr stage I-IV) received a single 40-min Anma massage session involving upper and lower limb exercises and some subsequently received seven weekly Anma massage sessions. After a single session, visual analogue scale scores were significantly lower for muscle stiffness, movement difficulties, pain, and fatigue; gait speed and pegboard test time were significantly shortened; stride length was significantly lengthened; and shoulder flexion and abduction were significantly improved. No significant changes occurred in controls. After continuous sessions, we found general improvements in the same outcomes. In conclusion, Anma massage might effectively alleviate various physical PD symptoms; furthermore, because it is given through clothing, Anma massage is accessible for PD patients with movement difficulties.

  10. Integrative technology of massage manipulations in physical rehabilitation of students with backbone pathology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kotelevskiy V.I.

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to analyze effectiveness of massage manipulations’ integrative technology in physical rehabilitation of higher educational establishments’ students with backbone pathology. Material: in the research 195 students of 19-20 years’ age participated. All students had periodical initial neurological symptoms of functional pathology and first stage osteochondrosis in different parts of backbone. We conducted a course of 10 sessions of therapeutic massage. Results: the sense of massage integrative technology is that every specialist shall have certain optimal set of skills and knowledge in technique of manipulation sessions of massage. Integrative technology of massage manipulations consists of psycho-corrective and manipulation parts. It considers psycho-somatic, mechanical and reflex rehabilitation aspects of patho-genesis of backbone functional disorders and vertebral osteochondrosis. Conclusions: depending on pathological process or backbone functional state of every person (peculiarities of his (her psycho-somatic status or, even, his (her bents. Individual approach in choice of strategy, tactic and methodological provisioning of massage session shall be used.

  11. Abdominal Massage for the Relief of Constipation in People with Parkinson’s: A Qualitative Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. McClurg

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. To explore the experiences of people with Parkinson’s (PwP who suffer from constipation, the impact this has on their lives, and the effect of using lifestyle changes and abdominal massage as a form of constipation management. Method. Fourteen semistructured interviews were completed (8 males and 6 females; mean age 72.2 years at the end of a care programme, which consisted of either lifestyle advice and abdominal massage (intervention group; n=7 or lifestyle advice only (control group; n=7. Data were analysed using constant-comparison techniques and Framework methods. Themes and key quotes were identified to depict major findings. Findings. Four key themes were identified: (i the adverse impact of bowel problems on quality of life; (ii positive experience of behaviour adjustments: experimentation; (iii abdominal massage as a dynamic and relaxing tool: experiential learning (intervention group only; (iv abdominal massage as a contingency plan: hesitation (control group only. Constipation was reported as having a significant impact on quality of life. Participants in both groups perceived lifestyle advice to relieve symptoms. Specific improvements were described in those who also received the abdominal massage. Conclusions. Both lifestyle advice and abdominal massage were perceived to be beneficial in relieving symptoms of constipation for PwP.

  12. Evaluating Effects of Aromatherapy Massage on Sleep in Children with Autism: A Pilot Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tim I. Williams

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Previous studies have found beneficial effects of aromatherapy massage for agitation in people with dementia, for pain relief and for poor sleep. Children with autism often have sleep difficulties, and it was thought that aromatherapy massage might enable more rapid sleep onset, less sleep disruption and longer sleep duration. Twelve children with autism and learning difficulties (2 girls and 10 boys aged between 12 years 2 months to 15 years 7 months in a residential school participated in a within subjects repeated measures design: 3 nights when the children were given aromatherapy massage with lavender oil were compared with 14 nights when it was not given. The children were checked every 30 min throughout the night to determine the time taken for the children to settle to sleep, the number of awakenings and the sleep duration. One boy's data were not analyzed owing to lengthy absence. Repeated measures analysis revealed no differences in any of the sleep measures between the nights when the children were given aromatherapy massage and nights when the children were not given aromatherapy massage. The results suggest that the use of aromatherapy massage with lavender oil has no beneficial effect on the sleep patterns of children with autism attending a residential school. It is possible that there are greater effects in the home environment or with longer-term interventions.

  13. Dominican Children with HIV Not Receiving Antiretrovirals: Massage Therapy Influences their Behavior and Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Hernandez-Reif

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Forty-eight children (M age = 4.8 years infected with HIV/AIDS and living in the Dominican Republic were randomly assigned to a massage therapy or a play session control group. The children in the massage therapy group received two weekly 20-min massages for 12 weeks; the children in the control group participated in a play session (coloring, playing with blocks for the same duration and length as the massage therapy group. Overall, the children in the massage therapy group improved in self-help abilities and communication, suggesting that massage therapy may enhance daily functioning for children with HIV/AIDS. Moreover, the HIV infected children who were six or older also showed a decrease in internalizing behaviors; specifically depressive/anxious behaviors and negative thoughts were reduced. Additionally, baseline assessments revealed IQ equivalence below normal functioning for 70% of the HIV infected children and very high incidences of mood problems (depression, withdrawn for 40% of the children and anxiety problems for 20% of the children, suggesting the need for better monitoring and alternative interventions in countries with limited resources to improve cognition and the mental health status of children infected with HIV/AIDS.

  14. Implementering og anvendelse af nyere ledelsesteknologier i den kommunale sektor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Steen; Nielsen, Christian

    2009-01-01

    New Public Management vedrører transformeringen af ledelse i den offentlige sektor, bl.a. ved introduktion af nye krav til de offentlige ledere, herunder at skulle stå til regnskab for ressourceforbrug, kvaliteten af de leverede ydelser, samt en fornuftig anvendelse af skatteborgernes penge. En...... central del af New Public Management bevægelsen er derfor introduktionen af nye økonomistyringsteknikker og ledelsesmodeller. Denne artikel fokuserer på kendskab, udbredelse, prioritering og nytten af sådanne tiltag i kommunalt regi, og sætter fokus på, hvorvidt økonomistyringsteknikker og...

  15. Massage therapy alone and in combination with meditation for breast cancer patients undergoing autologous tissue reconstruction: A randomized pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dion, Liza J; Engen, Deborah J; Lemaine, Valerie; Lawson, Donna K; Brock, Charise G; Thomley, Barbara S; Cha, Stephen S; Sood, Amit; Bauer, Brent A; Wahner-Roedler, Dietlind L

    2016-05-01

    This study explored whether massage combined with meditation is more helpful than massage alone for women recovering from autologous tissue reconstruction after mastectomy for breast cancer. Forty patients were randomly assigned to either massage therapy or massage plus meditation on postoperative days 1 through 3. Outcome measures were 1) visual analog scale (VAS) scores for stress, anxiety, relaxation, insomnia, alertness, fatigue, tension, pain, mood, and energy, and 2) Perceived Stress Scale-14 scores. Nineteen patients in each group finished the study. Preintervention and postintervention mean total VAS scores improved significantly in both groups (P < .001), but no significant difference occurred between groups.

  16. Global opvarmning neutraliserer effekten af parasitisme på strandsnegles konsumption af makroalger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Martin H.; Mouritsen, Kim Nørgaard

    strukturen af makroalgesamfund ved at reducere konsumptionsraten hos den herbivore strandsnegl Littorina littorea. Det er endvidere vist, at produktionen af trematode-larver (cercarier) i sneglens fordøjelseskanal og gonade kompleks øges kraftigt når vandtemperaturen stiger. Man kan derfor forvente...

  17. Merværdien af LEADER

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thuesen, Annette Aagaard; Nielsen, Niels Christian

    Formålet med anvendelse af LEADER-metoden er at sikre, at der tildeles midler til lokale projekter på en sådan måde, at de baserer sig på lokale strategier, vurderinger og hvad der efterspørges lokalt. I Danmark er der 57 lokale aktionsgrupper (LAG’er), sammenslutninger med foreningsstruktur der...... analyse af hvordan og i hvilket omfang fem danske LAG’er arbejder efter LEADER-principperne. Anvendelse af LEADER-metoden forudsætter dog, at den lokale udvikling sker ud fra en vedtaget strategi og i et lokalt offentligt-privat partnerskab – i et samarbejde, der kan tænke på tværs af interesser og skabe...... netværk og nye samarbejdsrelationer. Der bliver imidlertid stadig stillet spørgsmål til metodens effektivitet i forhold til jobskabelse og økonomisk udvikling. Derfor efterspørges der fra flere sider indikatorer for hvorvidt og hvordan anvendelsen af LEADER bidrager eller giver ekstra værdi til programmer...

  18. Effects of Massage on Muscular Strength and Proprioception After Exercise-Induced Muscle Damage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Mal-Soon; Sung, Yun-Hee

    2015-08-01

    Exercise-induced muscle damage (EIMD), which is commonly associated with eccentric exercise, unaccustomed exercise, and resistance training, may lead to delayed onset muscle soreness, swelling, decreased muscle strength, and range of motion. Many researchers have evaluated various interventions to treat the signs and symptoms of EIMD. However, the effects of massage after EIMD are unclear. Here, we investigated the effect of massage on muscle strength and proprioception after EIMD. All subjects randomly were divided into an EIMD-treated control group (n = 10) and a massage-treated after EIMD experimental group (n = 11). Exercise-induced muscle damage was induced by repeated exercise. Massage treatment was provided by physiotherapist for 15 minutes. It consists of light stroking, milking, friction, and skin rolling. Lactate was evaluated by Lactate Pro analyzer in pre- and postexercise. Surface electromyography (muscle activity) and sonography (muscle thickness) were used to confirm the muscular characteristics. Proprioception was investigated by dual inclinometer. As a result, massage treatment on the gastrocnemius after EIMD increased activation of the medial gastrocnemius during contraction (p ≤ 0.05). In the lateral and medial gastrocnemius, the θs, which is the angle between muscle fibers and superficial aponeurosis, showed a significant change (p ≤ 0.05). However, there are no differences in the θd, which is the angle between muscle fibers and deep aponeurosis. We also found that proprioceptive acuity in the ankle joint was significantly greater in the massage-treated experimental group compared with that in the control group (p ≤ 0.05). These findings suggest that massage of the gastrocnemius after EIMD can improve muscle strength and proprioception by influencing the superficial layer of the gastrocnemius.

  19. A narrative review of massage and spinal manipulation in the treatment of low back pain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurhanisah Sejari

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Low back pain (LBP is one of the most common musculoskeletal problems that affect patients′ daily life. Nowadays, treatment of LBP is very challenging due to the recurrent nature of the problem. This narrative review focuses on massage and spinal manipulation on LBP condition. The other issues consist of epidemiology, etiology, symptoms, and rapport between clinician and patient on treatment were explored. Online electronic search in databases (Ovid TM , Scopus, EMBASE and PubMed was performed using key words such as LBP, massage, and spinal manipulation. Textbooks and web page are additional sources that were used for gathering information. Literature reported that high incidence of LBP in agriculture areas which is farmer, in the urban area mainly office worker and industrial area mainly factory operator. LBP frequently occurs among office workers, pregnant, and obesity due to poor body mechanics. Building a successful rapport is a single most important factor in a relationship between clinician and patient. Understanding patient′s perspective in their illness such as belief about cause, treatment approaches, and quality-of-life will help clinician create plans that are more appropriate to patient′s situation and preferences. Patient′s trust is the easing way for the clinician to provide treatments. Based on current evidence, there are arrays of conservative treatments shown to be effective in treating LBP. However, massage and spinal manipulation are the most popular among LBP patients because it contributes good effect in reducing pain intensity. Massage preferred by certain patient such as traditional Malay massage, Thai massage, Tui Na because it provide a relaxation on the body. In addition, spinal manipulation also showed a positive outcome on pain reduction and joint hypomobility. LBP is a common problem, and various methods could be used as a treatment. However, traditional massage is fast gaining popularity even in the

  20. Effect of pre-performance lower-limb massage on thirty-meter sprint running.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodwin, Jon E; Glaister, Mark; Howatson, Glyn; Lockey, Richard A; McInnes, Gillian

    2007-11-01

    Massage is a commonly utilized therapy within sports, frequently intended as an ergogenic aid prior to performance. However, evidence as to the efficacy of massage in this respect is lacking, and massage may in some instances reduce force production. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of massage on subsequent 30-m sprint running performance. Male university level repeat sprint sports players volunteered for the study (n = 37). After each of 3 treatment conditions, subjects completed a standardized warm-up followed by three 30-m sprint trials in a counterbalanced crossover design. Treatment conditions were 15 minutes of lower-limb massage (M), 15 minutes of placebo ultrasound (PU), and rest (R). Thirty-meter sprint times were recorded (including 10-m split times) for the 3 trials under each condition. Best times at 10 m (M: 1.85 +/- 0.09 seconds, PU: 1.84 +/- 0.11 seconds, R: 1.83 +/- 0.10 seconds) and 30 m (M: 4.41 +/- 0.27 seconds, PU: 4.39 +/- 0.28 seconds, R: 4.39 +/- 0.28 seconds) were not significantly different (p > 0.05). There was no significant treatment, trial, or interaction effect for 10- or 30-m sprint times (p > 0.05). No difference was seen in the location of subjects' best times across the 3 trials (p > 0.05). Relative to placebo or control, the results of this study showed that a controlled 15-minute lower-limb massage administered prior to warm-up had no significant effect on subsequent 30-m sprint performance. Massage remains indicated prior to performance where other benefits, such as reduced muscle spasm and psychological stress, might be served to the athlete.

  1. Massage Therapy in Patients With Cancer Pain: A Review on Palliative Care

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miladinia

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Cancer-related pain (CRP and its treatments are common and the scariest problems that patients with cancer fear and negatively affect their quality of life. Despite medical intervention, the pain of cancer still remains a clinical problem. Thus, the use of complementary medicine methods such as massage therapy is essential to control pain in the patients. Methodology It was a review type study limited to national and international studies from 1995 to 2015. Searching processes were completed by electronic databases and search engines. Finally, based on inclusion and exclusion criteria as well as the elimination of duplicate studies, nine articles were selected for final review among which five were clinical trials and four were review or meta-analysis articles. Results In all five clinical trials, massage therapy reduced pain of patients with cancer, which reflects the positive effects of massage therapy in adult patients with cancer. In addition, although various methods of massage therapy were employed, with short-term and long-term periods, it still had a positive impact. Meanwhile, four review or meta-analysis studies while different in the year of study, inclusion and exclusion criteria, manifested that the results of massage therapy was an effective non-pharmacological pain control in patients with cancer. Conclusions Finally, it can be concluded that massage therapy is an effective non-pharmacological way to control pain in adult patients with cancer. Furthermore, studies in Iran on the effects of massage therapy on pain in patients with cancer are limited and much more research is needed in this area.

  2. Produktudvikling af fødevarer med Quality Function Deployment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bech, Anne C.

    1998-01-01

    Produktudvikling af fødevarer stiller stadig større krav til virksomhedernes kompetencer. QFD filosofien kan bidrage til at skabe en fælles forståelse af grundlaget for udvikling af nye produkter. Udgangspunktet er en forståelse af forbrugernes behov i relation til virksomhedens muligheder...... konkurrentprodukter. Efterfølgende faser handler om at generere forskellige mulige løsninger, inden der træffes valg af løsningsalternativ. Anvendelse af QFD modellen for produktudvikling betyder, at forbrugernes behov er centrale i hele produktudviklingsforløbet, samt at det udviklede produkt sigter mod at opfylde...... væsentlige identificerede behov set fra forbrugernes synspunkt. At virksomheden ser implementering af QFD som en investering, medarbejdernes commitment og målrettet projekt, er væsentlig for en succesfuld implementering af QFD til produktudvikling. QFD tankegangen illustreres med et eksempel på udvikling af...

  3. The Effects of Ice Massage, Ice Massage with Exercise, and Exercise on the Prevention and Treatment of Delayed Onset Muscle Soreness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isabell, William Kirk; Durrant, Earlene; Myrer, William; Anderson, Shauna

    1992-01-01

    We investigated the effects of ice massage, ice massage with exercise, and exercise on the prevention and treatment of delayed onset muscle soreness (DOMS). Twenty-two subjects were randomly assigned to one of four groups. Preexercise measures were recorded for range of motion (ROM), strength, perceived soreness, and serum creatine kinase (CK) levels. Subjects performed up to 300 concentric/eccentric contractions of the elbow flexors with 90% of their 10 repetition maximum to induce muscle soreness. Dependent variables were assessed at 2, 4, 6, 24, 48, 72, 96, and 120 hours postexercise. Significant differences occurred in all variables with respect to time (ANOVA(p<.05)). However, no significant mode of treatment, or mode of treatment/assessment time interaction was present. Decreases in range of motion and flexion strength correspond with increases in perceived soreness. The nonsignificant mode of treatment/assessment time interaction suggests that the use of ice massage, ice massage with exercise, or exercise alone is not effective in significantly reducing the symptoms of delayed onset muscle soreness. In fact, though not statistically significant, the pattern of the data suggested the use of ice in the treatment of DOMS may be contraindicated. Further investigation is recommended. PMID:16558163

  4. Bestemmelse af spormetaller i organisk materiale

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tjell, Jens Christian; Palfeldt, Kirsten

    Behovet for pålidelige analysemetoder til bestemmelse af spormetalindhold i organiske materialer, f.eks. planter, slam og dyrevæv er stigende på grund af den stigende erkendelse af disse stoffers betydning for organismers fysiologi, både hvor disse stoffer optræder i uønskede koncentrationer som...... der over de sidste år udviklet en analyseprocedure hvorefter det er muligt at analysere for metallerne Mn, Cu, Ni, Co, Cr, Zn, Cd og Pb i planter, dyrevæv, jord, slam og andre materialer med standardafvigelser på mellem 5 og 10%. Der gøres rede for denne metode....

  5. Medicinsk teknologivurdering af akupunktur til gravide

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feenstra, Maria Monberg; Johansen, Marianne; Sørensen, Lisbeth Falborg;

    -, organisatorisk- og økonomisk perspektiv. Metode: Der blev udarbejdet en medicinsk teknologivurdering (MTV). En alsidig og systematisk litteraturgennemgang af akupunkturbehandling til gravide med emesis/hyperemesis gravidarum, bækkenrelaterede smerter eller depression/angst blev udført. Den udvalgte litteratur...... behandlingen udføres korrekt af TCM-uddannet sundhedspersonale. Undersøgelser har vist høj patienttilfredshed blandt gravide ved akupunkturbehandling. Økonomiske beregninger dokumenterer, at akupunktur er et billigt behandlingstilbud. Konsekvenser for praksis: Det anbefales, at tilbyde gravide med emesis/hyperemesis...... gravidarum akupunkturbehandling. Udvalgt sundhedspersonale skal uddannes til at give behandlingen, og der bør tilstræbes kontinuitet i behandlingsforløbet. Yderligere studier, der undersøger evidensen for behandling af bækkenrelaterede smerter og depression/angst med akupunktur, anbefales....

  6. Studie af den amerikanske doktrin for Counterinsurgency

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Nicolai Stahlfest

    2006-01-01

    strategisk partner, og den mulige indsættelse i missioner, hvor kontakt med, og måske bekæmpelse af, fjendtlige oprørsbevægelser vil forekomme. Maos teori og den nyere radikale islams teori ses som værende repræsentative for oprørsbevægelser ift. både amerikanske erfaringer og det forventede danske...... synes også at være udtalt i imødegåelsen af radikal islam, hvilket er en stor udfordring for både militære og civile myndigheder og organisationer. For at fungere som COIN enhed kræver det veluddannede enheder, da de udover de basale soldateropgaver også skal kunne støtte ifm. CIMIC opgaver, løsning af...

  7. Energimæssig helhedsvurdering af vinduer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schultz, Jørgen Munthe; Kristiansen, Finn Harken

    , hvor der kan findes et optimum for g-værdien. Størrelsen afhænger af den aktuelle vinduesfordeling på de fire verdenshjørner. Installation af køleanlæg kan undgås ved at anvende solafskærmende ruder, men energimæssigt og komfortmæssigt er de to løsninger omtrent ligeværdige på grund af, at solindfaldet......, så de begyndende overtemperaturer imødegås fra start. U-værdien for ramme/karmkonstruktionen har i Danmark ikke fulgt med udviklingen på rudeområdet, mens der i Tyskland er udviklet isolerende ramme/karmkonstruktioner i forbindelse med det såkaldte ”Passiv Haus” koncept. Herhjemme er de fleste forsøg...

  8. Comparing the Effects of Rest and Massage on Return to Homeostasis Following Submaximal Aerobic Exercise: a Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Resnick, Portia B.

    2016-01-01

    Introduction Postexercise massage can be used to help promote recovery from exercise on the cellular level, as well as systemically by increasing parasympathetic activity. No studies to date have been done to assess the effects of massage on postexercise metabolic changes, including excess postexercise oxygen consumption (EPOC). The purpose of this study was to compare the effects of massage recovery and resting recovery on a subject’s heart rate variability and selected metabolic effects following a submaximal treadmill exercise session. Methods One healthy 24-year-old female subject performed 30 minutes of submaximal treadmill exercise prior to resting or massage recovery sessions. Metabolic data were collected throughout the exercise sessions and at three 10 minute intervals postexercise. Heart rate variability was evaluated for 10 minutes after each of two 30-minute recovery sessions, either resting or massage. Results Heart rate returned to below resting levels (73 bpm) with 30 and 60 minutes of massage recovery (72 bpm and 63 bpm, respectively) compared to 30 and 60 minutes of resting recovery (77 bpm and 74 bpm, respectively). Heart rate variability data showed a more immediate shift to the parasympathetic state following 30 minutes of massage (1.152 LF/HF ratio) versus the 30-minute resting recovery (6.91 LF/HF ratio). It took 60 minutes of resting recovery to reach similar heart rate variability levels (1.216 LF/HF) found after 30 minutes of massage. Ventilations after 30 minutes of massage recovery averaged 7.1 bpm compared to 17.9 bpm after 30 minutes of resting recovery. Conclusions No differences in EPOC were observed through either the resting or massage recovery based on the metabolic data collected. Massage was used to help the subject shift into parasympathetic activity more quickly than rest alone following a submaximal exercise session. PMID:26977215

  9. Undersøgelsen af brugernes evaluering af kontorpakker på Århus Sygehus og i Psykiatrien i Århus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hørlück, Jens

    En analyse af brugernes opfattelse af kvaliteten af tre office pakker: MS Office 2003 / 2007 og OpenOffice.  ......En analyse af brugernes opfattelse af kvaliteten af tre office pakker: MS Office 2003 / 2007 og OpenOffice.  ...

  10. Kvantitativ delevaluering af Stofrådgivningen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frederiksen, Kirsten Søndergaard; Ravn, Signe

    Opsummering for Stofrådgivningsrapport Stofrådgivningen bad i foråret 2012 Center for Rusmiddelforskning, Aarhus Universitet, om at gennemføre en evaluering af stedets behandlingstilbud ved hjælp af to delundersøgelser, en kvalitativ og en kvantitativ. Den kvalitative delundersøgelse omfattede...... problemer såsom markante koncentrationsproblemer, depressive tanker og egentlige psykiatriske diagnoser. Rapporten viser, at der sker positive udviklinger for de unges stofforbrug under et behandlingsforløb ved Stofrådgivningen. Desuden sker der særligt en positiv udvikling i forhold til de unges...

  11. Fair proces og ledelse af inkrementel innovation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Bo

    2011-01-01

    I kapitel 18, Fair proces og ledelse af inkrementel innovation – med et strategisk procesdesign, tager Bo Vestergaard afsæt i de organisatoriske udfordringer, der opstår, når mellemledere skal implementere oppefra dikterede besparelser, som potentielt kan virke demotiverende på medarbejderne....... Kapitlet beskriver, hvordan man inden for en bredt funderet systemisk rammesætning og med begrebet fair proces som fortløbende styreprincip kan skabe og opretholde konstruktiv medarbejderinvolvering i sådanne forandrings- og innovationsforløb. Lederens forløbsstyring sammenfattes i følgende tre praksisnære...

  12. Analyse af vindklima ved Navitas Park

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Michael R.; Lauridsen, Thomas Bank

    Formålet med denne vindklimaanalyse er at afklare, hvorvidt opførelsen af Navitas Park på Århus Havn vil medføre uhensigtsmæssige eller farlige vindforhold for fodgængere i området omkring bygningen.......Formålet med denne vindklimaanalyse er at afklare, hvorvidt opførelsen af Navitas Park på Århus Havn vil medføre uhensigtsmæssige eller farlige vindforhold for fodgængere i området omkring bygningen....

  13. Verifikation af optiske koordinatmålemaskiner

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Erik

    Kalibrering af optiske måleudstyr kalibreres ofte på en måde der ikke er valgt hensigtsmæ ssig, set i forhold til de emner der efterfølgende måles på udstyret. Det er ofte ”de forhåndenvæ rende søms” metode der anvendes. Udviklingen af optiske måleudstyr går stæ rkt for tiden, og understøttes kra...

  14. Ingen gavnlige virkninger af tilskud med antioxidanter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skibsted, Leif Horsfelt; Jørgensen, Karina

    2006-01-01

    Ifølge Motions- og Ernæringsrådets nyeste rqapport er der ikke videnskabeligt belæg for at tilskud af antioxidanter reducerer risikoen for sygdomme. Samtidig frarådes danskerne at indtage store doser E-vitamin og beta-karoten.......Ifølge Motions- og Ernæringsrådets nyeste rqapport er der ikke videnskabeligt belæg for at tilskud af antioxidanter reducerer risikoen for sygdomme. Samtidig frarådes danskerne at indtage store doser E-vitamin og beta-karoten....

  15. Ingen gavnlige virkninger af tilskud med antioxidanter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skibsted, Leif Horsfelt; Jørgensen, Karina

    2006-01-01

    Ifølge motions- og ernæringsrådets nyeste rapport er der ikke videnskabeligt belæg for, at tilskud af antioxidanter reducrerer risikoen for sygdomme. Samtidig frarådes danskerne at indtage store mængder E-vitamin og beta-karoten.......Ifølge motions- og ernæringsrådets nyeste rapport er der ikke videnskabeligt belæg for, at tilskud af antioxidanter reducrerer risikoen for sygdomme. Samtidig frarådes danskerne at indtage store mængder E-vitamin og beta-karoten....

  16. Sygeliggørelsen af eksistensen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brinkmann, Svend

    2012-01-01

    I almen praksis præsenteres vi oftere end i andre specialer for problemer eller lidelser, der ikke umiddelbart synes at vedrøre sygdom, men er af mere eksistentiel karakter. Som de hjælpere vi er, vil vi forsøge at tage os af det, som patienten kommer med. Men vi skal passe på ikke at overbehandl...... og sygeliggøre livets almindelige tildragelser som f.eks. sorg, skyld, skam, uro og generthed. Læs denne artikel om det eksistentielle i konsultationen....

  17. Ajourføring af ISA 610

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fabricius, Ole; Kiertzner, Lars

    2011-01-01

    Ajourføringen af ISA 610 indebærer generelle skærpelser i relation til den eksterne revisors risikovurderingshandlinger i forhold til intern revision samt til ekstern revisors revisionshandlinger på områder med væsentlig risiko og skønsmæssig usikkerhed.......Ajourføringen af ISA 610 indebærer generelle skærpelser i relation til den eksterne revisors risikovurderingshandlinger i forhold til intern revision samt til ekstern revisors revisionshandlinger på områder med væsentlig risiko og skønsmæssig usikkerhed....

  18. Forvaltning af et bykvarter i forandring

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reddersen, J.

    En beskrivelse af et boligkvarter i Københavns Sydvest-kvarter - fra planlægningen i begyndelsen af 1900-tallet og selve bybygningen, som afsluttedes efter 2. verdenskrig, til den gradvise udtynding op gennem 60'erne og 70'erne, og frem til forsøg på nye planlægnings- og forvaltningsstrategier i ......'erne. Bogen vil kunne bruges som inspiration for såvel lægfolk som fagfolk, der bekymrer sig for bykvarterer og deres forandring....

  19. Lovbestemt delegation af forvaltningsvirksomhed til private

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bønsing, Sten

    2013-01-01

    Forvaltningsretten regulerer forvaltningsmyndigheder, når disse udøver forvaltningsvirksomhed. I nogle tilfælde bestemmes det ved lov, at private skal udføre forvaltningsvirksomhed. Dette betyder imidlertid ikke, at forvaltningsretten samtidig automatisk følger med. Artiklen analyserer, hvordan...... forvaltningsvirksomhed udøves af private på grundlag af lov, og konstaterer, at forvaltningsretten kun i begrænset omfang sikrer borgernes retsstilling, når der træffes afgørelser mv. Retsstillingen kritiseres, og der angives forslag til, hvordan forvaltningsretten kan komme tilbage på banen, når private træffer...

  20. Leagile Manufacturing - implementering af modulariserede produktplatforme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjarnø, Ole-Christian

    2003-01-01

    Lean og Agile (Leagile) Manufacturing indebærer ikke blot den rette balance (dekobling) mellem lean producerede komponenter og agile konfigurerede færdigvarer, og dermed til levering af individualiserede produkter til konkurrencedygtige priser og høj kvalitet, men også til effektivitet og...... fleksibilitet i produktudvikling og produktion. For at opnå integrationen mellem agile og lean kan der arbejdes med en vifte af integrationsmekanismer inden for organisatoriske og teknologiske virkemidler. Projektet har til formål at identificere, strukturere og modellere de centrale analyse- og...

  1. Epichlorhydrin og bisphenol A i mat-kontaktmaterialer af epoxylakeret metal og/eller af plast

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Jens Højslev; Pedersen, Gitte Alsing; Foverskov, Annie;

    Det er ikke længere tilladt af bruge bisphenol A baseret polycarbonatplast til fremstilling af tåteflasker. Mattilsynet udtog i vinteren 2012/2013 7 typer af sutteflasker som blev kontrolleret for om de indeholdt polycarbonatbaserede plastdele. I alt 28 enkeltdele blev kontrolleret ved infrarød...... spektrometri. Herudover blev 6 tutekopper, bestående af 38 enkeltdele, analyseret med samme teknik. Der blev ikke påvist bisphenol A baseret plast ved analyserne. Dåser, bægre, tuber og skruelåg kan være lakeret på matkontaktsiden med epoxylakker fremstillet af monomererne epichlorhydrin og bisphenol A. Alle...... 50 enkeltdele fra disse prøver blev undersøgt ved infrarød spektrometri og 9 af prøverne viste tegn på at indeholde epoxylak. Disse prøver blev undersøgt ved en ”worst case” ekstraktionstest hvor der kunne påvises små indhold af bisphenol A i ekstrakterne mens der ikke kunne påvises epichlorhydrin...

  2. Simulering af ændret publikumsbelastning i Mols Bjerge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skov-Petersen, Hans; Foged, Mette

    2010-01-01

    Det kan være svært at forudse, hvad effekten af ændringer i adgangsforholdene til et naturområde vil blive. Dette Videnblad beskriver, hvordan en agent-baseret simuleringsmodel kan anvendes til vurdering af fremtiden ved flytning af en parkeringsplads ved trehøje i Mols Bjerge.......Det kan være svært at forudse, hvad effekten af ændringer i adgangsforholdene til et naturområde vil blive. Dette Videnblad beskriver, hvordan en agent-baseret simuleringsmodel kan anvendes til vurdering af fremtiden ved flytning af en parkeringsplads ved trehøje i Mols Bjerge....

  3. Effects of Massage on Delayed-Onset Muscle Soreness, Swelling, and Recovery of Muscle Function

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zainuddin, Zainal; Newton, Mike; Sacco, Paul; Nosaka, Kazunori

    2005-01-01

    Context: Delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS) describes muscle pain and tenderness that typically develop several hours postexercise and consist of predominantly eccentric muscle actions, especially if the exercise is unfamiliar. Although DOMS is likely a symptom of eccentric-exercise–induced muscle damage, it does not necessarily reflect muscle damage. Some prophylactic or therapeutic modalities may be effective only for alleviating DOMS, whereas others may enhance recovery of muscle function without affecting DOMS. Objective: To test the hypothesis that massage applied after eccentric exercise would effectively alleviate DOMS without affecting muscle function. Design: We used an arm-to-arm comparison model with 2 independent variables (control and massage) and 6 dependent variables (maximal isometric and isokinetic voluntary strength, range of motion, upper arm circumference, plasma creatine kinase activity, and muscle soreness). A 2-way repeated-measures analysis of variance and paired t tests were used to examine differences in changes of the dependent variable over time (before, immediately and 30 minutes after exercise, and 1, 2, 3, 4, 7, 10, and 14 days postexercise) between control and massage conditions. Setting: University laboratory. Patients or Other Participants: Ten healthy subjects (5 men and 5 women) with no history of upper arm injury and no experience in resistance training. Intervention(s): Subjects performed 10 sets of 6 maximal isokinetic (90°·s−1) eccentric actions of the elbow flexors with each arm on a dynamometer, separated by 2 weeks. One arm received 10 minutes of massage 3 hours after eccentric exercise; the contralateral arm received no treatment. Main Outcome Measure(s): Maximal voluntary isometric and isokinetic elbow flexor strength, range of motion, upper arm circumference, plasma creatine kinase activity, and muscle soreness. Results: Delayed-onset muscle soreness was significantly less for the massage condition for peak

  4. Gait analysis of patients with knee osteoarthritis before and after Chinese massage treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qingguang, Zhu; Min, Fang; Li, Gong; Shuyun, Jiang; Wuquan, Sun; Jianhua, Li; Yong, Li

    2015-08-01

    The objective of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of Chinese massage therapy in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA) by measuring lower-limb gait parameters. We recruited 20 women with knee OA, who then underwent Chinese massage therapy three times per week for 2 weeks. The patients underwent gait evaluation using a six-camera infrared motion analysis system. They completed Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index questionnaires before and after treatment. We calculated the forward speed, step width, step length, total support time percentage, initial double support time percentage, and single support time percentage. We also measured the angles at the knee, hip, and ankle during the stance phase of walking. The results showed statistically significant mean differences in knee pain relief, alleviation of stiffness, and physical function enhancement after therapy (P < 0.05). The patients gained significantly faster gait speed, greater step width, and increased total support time percentage after the Chinese massage therapy (P < 0.05). There were no significant differences in the range of motion or initial contact angles of the knee, hip, or ankle during the stance phase of walking. We concluded that Chinese massage is a beneficial complementary treatment and an alternative therapy choice for patients with knee OA for short-term pain relief. Chinese massage may improve walking ability for these patients.

  5. MUSCLE TONICITY OF CHILDREN WITH SPASTIC CEREBRAL PALSY: HOW EFFECTIVE IS SWEDISH MASSAGE?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Alizad

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available AbstractObjectiveMassage therapy is one of the most widely used complementary and alternative medicine therapies for children. This study was conducted to determine the effect of Swedish massage on the muscle tonicity of children with spastic cerebral palsy (CP.Materials & MethodsThis study was a single blind clinical trial conducted on forty children with spastic CP, recruited from clinics of the University of Social Welfare & Rehabilitation Sciences. They were randomly assigned to intervention and control groups. Routine occupational therapy techniques were performed during a 3 monthperiod in both groups, while the intervention group also received Swedish massage for 30 minutes before every rehabilitation session. Muscle tonicity was evaluated at the  beginning of the study and 3 months later using the Modified Ashworth Scale.ResultsThe average ages of children in the intervention (n=13 and control (n=14 groups were 49.5 and 42.1 months respectively. Although after intervention, tonicity of upper and lower limbs, trunk and neck in the intervention group in comparison with controls had no significant differences, there were statistically significant differences in reduction rate of tonicity in upper limbs and trunk between the two groups (P ConclusionMassage therapy is not a panacea for improvement of spasticity in children with CP but the encouraging results of other studies on children with CP indicate that further studies are needed for more definite results.Key Words:Spastic cerebral palsy , Muscle tone , Swedish massage , Children.

  6. Influence of massage and occlusion on the ex vivo skin penetration of rigid liposomes and invasomes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trauer, Sindy; Richter, Heike; Kuntsche, Judith; Büttemeyer, Rolf; Liebsch, Manfred; Linscheid, Michael; Fahr, Alfred; Schäfer-Korting, Monika; Lademann, Jürgen; Patzelt, Alexa

    2014-02-01

    Liposomes are frequently described as drug delivery systems for dermal and transdermal applications. Recently, it has been shown that particulate substances penetrate effectively into hair follicles and that the follicular penetration depth can be increased by massaging the skin, which simulates the in vivo movement of hairs in the hair follicles. In the present study, massage was applied to skin mounted to Franz diffusion cells. By means of confocal laser scanning microscopy, the influence of massage and occlusion on the follicular penetration depths of rigid and flexible liposomes loaded with a hydrophilic and lipophilic dye was investigated. The application of massage increased follicular penetration significantly. Occlusion resulted in an increased follicular penetration depth only for rigid liposomes, whereas invasomes did not penetrate more effectively if occlusion was applied. The results confirm that massage is an important tool for increasing follicular penetration in ex vivo studies using Franz diffusion cells. Occlusion may reduce the efficacy of follicular penetration depending on the specific liposomal preparation. Rigidity in particular appears to be a relevant parameter.

  7. Effects of Swedish Massage Therapy on Blood Pressure, Heart Rate, and Inflammatory Markers in Hypertensive Women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izreen Supa’at

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Swedish Massage Therapy (SMT is known for its therapeutic relaxation effects. Hypertension is associated with stress and elevated endothelial inflammatory markers. This randomized control trial measured the effects of whole body SMT (massage group or resting (control group an hour weekly for four weeks on hypertensive women. Blood pressure (BP and heart rate (HR were measured before and after each intervention and endothelial inflammatory markers: vascular endothelial adhesion molecules 1 (VCAM-1 and intracellular adhesion molecules 1 (ICAM-1 were measured at baseline and after the last intervention. Massage group (n=8 showed significant systolic BP (SBP reduction of 12 mmHg (P=0.01 and diastolic BP (DBP reduction of 5 mmHg (P=0.01 after four sessions with no significant difference between groups. Reductions in HR were also seen in massage group after sessions 1, 3, and 4 with significant difference between groups. VCAM-1 showed significant reduction after four sessions: the massage group showed reduction of 998.05 ng/mL (P=0.03 and the control group of 375.70 ng/mL (P=0.01 with no significant differences between groups. There were no changes in ICAM-1. In conclusion, SMT or resting an hour weekly has effects on reducing BP, HR, and VCAM-1 in hypertensive women.

  8. Massage-induced release of subcutaneously injected liposome-encapsulated drugs to the blood.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trubetskoy, V S; Whiteman, K R; Torchilin, V P; Wolf, G L

    1998-01-01

    Liposome-based, externally regulated drug delivery system is described in which liposome-encapsulated bioactive molecules can be delivered into the blood in response to simple mechanical action. Without any mechanical stimulation, subcutaneously injected 200 mm liposomes are usually trapped in the interstitial for prolonged time. However, upon lymphotropic stimulation (such as manual massage of the injection site), the liposomes can be mobilized into the blood via lymphatic pathway. Up to 40% of the injection dose can be delivered to the blood via lymphatic pathway from the injection site at the rabbit's front paw dorsum during 5 min manual massage cycle. Using vasoconstricting hormone angiotensin II as liposome-encapsulated pharmacological marker, we demonstrated that physiological response to encapsulated drug (average blood pressure increase) can also induced and modulated by massage. Massage itself was found to have no effect on the blood pressure. Modification of liposome surface with polyethylene glycol was found to increase blood localization of the liposome-encapsulated drug presumably due to decreasing the uptake of the drug carrier by lymph node macrophages. Pressure-dependent gaps between lymphatic capillary endothelial cells are thought to play the role of the size discrimination device allowing larger particulates into the lymphatics and, eventually into the blood after increase of interstitial pressure caused by injection site massage.

  9. The Effect of Massage Therapy on Autonomic Activity in Critically Ill Children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ling Guan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. Our main objective was to describe the effect of foot and hand (F&H massage on the autonomic nervous system (ANS activity in children hospitalized in a pediatric intensive care unit (PICU; the secondary objectives were to assess the relationship between ANS function and the clinical severity and to explore the effects of repeated massage sessions on the ANS. Methods. Design was a descriptive experimental study. Intervention was single or six session(s of F&H massage. ANS function was assessed through the frequency-domain analysis of heart rate variability. Main metrics included high and low frequency power (HF and LF, HF + LF, and LF/HF ratio. Results. Eighteen children participated in the study. A strong Spearman’s correlation (ρ=-0.77 was observed between HF + LF and clinical severity. During massage, the parasympathetic activity (measured by HF increased significantly from baseline (P=0.04 with a mean percentage increase of 75% (95% CI: 20%∼130%. LF increased by 56% (95% CI: 20%∼92% (P=0.026. Repeated sessions were associated with a persistent effect on HF and LF which peaked at the second session and remained stable thereafter. Conclusions. HF + LF is positively correlated with clinical severity. F&H massage can improve the ANS activity and the effect persists when repeated sessions are offered.

  10. Brugen af Geografiske Informationssystemer til effektundersøgelse af Intelligent Farttilpasning i Danmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agerholm, Niels; Tradisauskas, Nerius; Bolet, Lars;

    2012-01-01

    Geografiske Informationssystemer er anvendt til at dels at dokumentere, hvilke effekter Intelligent Farttilpasning har på hastighedsoverskridelser, og dels til at undersøge, hvordan disse overskridelser kan præsenteres meningsfuldt i spatiale analyser. Analyser af effekten på kørselsadfærden er...... foretaget for ti af de deltagende bilister i et nordjysk Intelligent Fartilpasningsforsøg for unge bilister. Hovedresultaterne er, at Intelligent Farttilpasning nedbringer både størrelsen af hastighedsoverskridelser og længden på disse. Uden Intelligent Farttilpasning blev der især kørt for hurtigt på lange...

  11. A Preliminary Evaluation of a Massage Program for Children Who Have Been Sexually Abused and Their Nonabusing Mothers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, Lesley; Cheshire, Anna

    2010-01-01

    The aim of this study was to conduct a pilot evaluation of the Mosac Massage Program, a novel program that uses massage to address some of the difficulties faced by children who have been sexually abused and their nonabusing parents. Interviews were conducted with four participating mothers immediately before and after the program. Benefits…

  12. Improved Speech Following Parent-Delivered Qigong Massage in Young Children with Down Syndrome: A Pilot Randomised Controlled Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Louisa M. T.; Schalock, Mark; Williams, Mary

    2013-01-01

    Qigong massage is an eastern form of massage that can be delivered by western parents to their children with appropriate training and support. It has been shown to improve developmental measures in young children with autism when given daily for five months. A recent trial evaluating its effect on motor development in young children with Down…

  13. Degradation of AF1Q by chaperone-mediated autophagy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Peng; Ji, Min; Lu, Fei; Zhang, Jingru [Department of Hematology, Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Remodeling and Function Research, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan 250012 (China); Li, Huanjie; Cui, Taixing; Li Wang, Xing [Research Center for Cell Therapy, Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Remodeling and Function Research, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan 250012 (China); Tang, Dongqi, E-mail: tangdq@sdu.edu.cn [Research Center for Cell Therapy, Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Remodeling and Function Research, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan 250012 (China); Center for Stem Cell and Regenerative Medicine, The Second Hospital of Shandong University, Jinan 250033 (China); Ji, Chunyan, E-mail: jichunyan@sdu.edu.cn [Department of Hematology, Key Laboratory of Cardiovascular Remodeling and Function Research, Qilu Hospital, Shandong University, Jinan 250012 (China)

    2014-09-10

    AF1Q, a mixed lineage leukemia gene fusion partner, is identified as a poor prognostic biomarker for pediatric acute myeloid leukemia (AML), adult AML with normal cytogenetic and adult myelodysplastic syndrome. AF1Q is highly regulated during hematopoietic progenitor differentiation and development but its regulatory mechanism has not been defined clearly. In the present study, we used pharmacological and genetic approaches to influence chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA) and explored the degradation mechanism of AF1Q. Pharmacological inhibitors of lysosomal degradation, such as chloroquine, increased AF1Q levels, whereas activators of CMA, including 6-aminonicotinamide and nutrient starvation, decreased AF1Q levels. AF1Q interacts with HSPA8 and LAMP-2A, which are core components of the CMA machinery. Knockdown of HSPA8 or LAMP-2A increased AF1Q protein levels, whereas overexpression showed the opposite effect. Using an amino acid deletion AF1Q mutation plasmid, we identified that AF1Q had a KFERQ-like motif which was recognized by HSPA8 for CMA-dependent proteolysis. In conclusion, we demonstrate for the first time that AF1Q can be degraded in lysosomes by CMA. - Highlights: • Chaperone-mediated autophagy (CMA) is involved in the degradation of AF1Q. • Macroautophagy does not contribute to the AF1Q degradation. • AF1Q has a KFERQ-like motif that is recognized by CMA core components.

  14. Analyse af RADS´vejledning vedrørende prostaglandiner til igangsættelse af fødsel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rydahl, Eva; Clausen, Jette Aaroe

    2014-01-01

    Analyse af RADS vejledning kritiserer det videnskabelige grundlag for anbefalinger af prostaglandiner til igangsættelse af fødsler. Der rejses spørgsmålstegn ved, om udvalget har været tro mod angivne metode, ved inddraget empiri og drager relevante konklusioner.......Analyse af RADS vejledning kritiserer det videnskabelige grundlag for anbefalinger af prostaglandiner til igangsættelse af fødsler. Der rejses spørgsmålstegn ved, om udvalget har været tro mod angivne metode, ved inddraget empiri og drager relevante konklusioner....

  15. Profeten Jeremias og genopbyggelsen af national identitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holt, Else Kragelund

    2010-01-01

    Jeremias' Bog kan læses som et bidrag til kampen for at genopbygge den eksilsk-eftereksilske nation Israel. Baseret på social-antropologiske teorier om flygtninges livsvilkår, præsenteret af den amerikanske gammeltestamentler Daniel Smith-Christopher, beskrives Jeremias' Bog som en polyfone  teks...

  16. Brands som brikker i konstruktionen af identitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hermansen, Judy

    2008-01-01

    Forbrug spiller en vigtig rolle i produktionen af mening og værdier, som kan skabe og vedligeholde både forbrugerens personlige og sociale verden - og derfor er reklame også en vigtig kilde til disse symbolske betydninger. Udgivelsesdato: juni...

  17. Coaching af ph.d.-studerende

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Godskesen, Mirjam Irene

    Rapporten danner grundlag for at etablere et koncept for ph.d.-coaching. Erfaringerne fra et 2-årigt projekt om ph.d.-coaching i SCKK regi beskrives. De centrale temaer er tilrettelæggelse af den individuelle coaching, typiske temaer i coachingen og arbejdsdeling mellem coach og vejleder. Der er...

  18. Udvikling af virksomhedens transformationssystem (produktions- og distributionssystemet)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pagh, Janus Dore

    Denne ph.d.-afhandling behandler emnet udvikling af den industrielle produktionsvirksomheds transformationssystem, der omfatter virksomhedens samlede produktions- og distributionssystem. Der er i de senere år komet stigende fokus på virksomhedernes evne til at skabe differentieret og kundetilpass...

  19. Evaluering af innovationskapacitet i erhvervsrettede uddannelser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Haslam, Christian Ravn; Rosenstand, Claus Andreas Foss

    2015-01-01

    Danmarks økonomiske vækst skal bl.a. sikres gennem udvikling og anvendelse af innovationskapacitet. Landets uddannelser skal derfor sørge for, at studerende besidder de rette innovationskompetencer, hvorfor mange allerede har indført forskellige tiltag herfor. Det er dog stadig uklart, hvordan vi...

  20. Mest of compost, hangt af van doel

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dekker, P.H.M.; Booij, R.

    2003-01-01

    Aanvoer van organische stof kan via verschillende bronnen: groenbemester, stro en gewasresten, dierlijke mest, zuiveringsslib, zwarte grond of compost. Welke bron gebruikt wordt hangt af van de bedrijfsspecifieke omstandigheden, en of er gestuurd wordt op aanvoer van effectieve organische stof, fosf

  1. Brandsikring af ventilationsanlæg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olufsen, P.

    Anvisningen er udarbejdet i tilknytning til Dansk Ingeniørforenings norm for brandtekniske foranstaltninger ved ventilationsanlæg, DS 428. Den er en vejledning i den praktiske anvendelse af normen skrevet for teknikere, der projekterer eller udfører ventilationsanlæg, eller som deltager i...

  2. LCA af Biovækst

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Jacob

    DTU ha færdiggjort en rapport, der beskriver en LCA (livscyklusvurdering) af kildesorteret organisk dagrenovation på BioVækst, et kombineret biogas- og komposteringsanlæg Rapporten beskriver en livscyklusbaseret miljøvurdering vha. LCA modellen EASEWASTE, for to behandlingsmetoder for kildesorteret...

  3. CT-skanninger af fossile hvaler

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alstrup, Aage Kristian Olsen; Ramassamy, Benjamin Fernand Guy; Munk, Ole Lajord;

    2017-01-01

    CT-skannere er brugbare redskaber til undersøgelser af uddøde hvalarter. Dels kan skanningerne give indsigt i fossilernes indre anatomi, og dels kan de være nyttige, når konservatorerne efterfølgende skal præparere knoglerne frem. CT-skanningerne kan endvidere dokumentere knoglernes placering i...

  4. Nye tilgange til udpegning af risikolokaliteter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Camilla Sloth; Agerholm, Niels

    2012-01-01

    Den nuværende sortpletudpegning på det danske vejnet lider under faldende uheldsregistrering, og bliver derfor foretaget på et stadigt mere usikkert grundlag. Trafikforskningsgruppen på Aalborg Universitet arbejder i øjeblikket med to andre tilgange til udpegning af risikolokaliteter. Det ene er...

  5. På sporet af magtspillet om dansk naturfagsundervisning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schmidt, Jette Reuss

    Den neoliberale diskurs med tilhørende konkurrencemoment har længe været under beskydning i internationale forskningssammenhænge. Men der savnes konkrete eksempler på, hvordan neoliberal styring kommer til udtryk i nationale uddannelser. I denne afhandling følges derfor nogle af neoliberalismens...

  6. Ledelse af velfærd

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lystbæk, Christian Tang

    2015-01-01

    (Osborne, 2006) og Public Value Management (Stoker, 2006). Endvidere er der blevet formuleret en række kodeks for offentlig ledelse, herhjemme blandt andet af Forum for offentlig topledelse (2005) og Væksthus for ledelse (2008). Endelig er der blevet fokuseret massivt på kompetenceudvikling for offentlige...

  7. Undervisningsteknik i lyset af Heidegger og Luhmann

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tække, Jesper

    Som forsker i aktionsforskningsprojektet Socio Media Education (SME) har det undret mig, hvorfor det har været så svært for deltagerne, at indoptage de gennem vellykkede aktioner udviklede anvendelser af Twitter i deres hverdagslige praksis. I forskningsprojektet har forsøgsklassen og dens lærere...... gennem aktioner og eksperimenter, på eksemplarisk vis udviklet en række anvendelser af interaktionsmediet Twitter i undervisningen (Tække & Paulsen 2013). Disse anvendelser virker klart til at faciliteter elevernes læring, øge deres deltagelse og engagement og mindske deres, af internettet initierede...... forsøgsklasses hverdagslige anvendelse af Twitter i undervisningen. Denne viser nemlig, at klassen ikke generelt set nyder de læringsmæssige og opmærksomhedsopfangende udviklede undervisningsmetoder. Kun når en lærer tager initiativet, hvilket de så ikke alle gør og ingen altid gør, anvendes metoderne. Jeg vil i...

  8. Mikrobiologisk Sikker Sænkning af Varmtvandstemperaturen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gottlieb, Frederik; Larsen, Henry

    2015-01-01

    ”Forståelsen Af Common Sense Begrebet Og Erfaringer Med Serviceteknikere”, som er sendt til DCW. Der er efterfølgende gjort yderligere erfaringer med serviceteknikerne, hvilket opsummeres i denne beretning. Involveringen af meningsdannere og beslutningstagere er forløbet som den sidste del af projektet og....... Det er ofte dem som har den uformelle kontakt til slutbrugeren og det anbefales at DCW fremover indgår et tættere samarbejde med serviceteknikerne om hvordan formidling til slutbrugeren bedst foretages, og udarbejder materiale til dette formål. 2 − Interviews afdækkede, at på trods af en vedvarende...... der etableret kontakt mellem en række interessenter som normalt ikke mødes; rådgivere inden for såvel varmt vand som fjernvarme, valgte og teknikere fra boligselskaber, leverandører inden for fjernvarme og varmt vand og repræsentanter fra fem fjernvarmeværker. Vi anbefaler DCW at holde sig orienteret...

  9. Diplomuddannelsen i Ledelse - en af moderniseringsprocessens styringsteknologier

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Weinreich, Elvi

    2015-01-01

    Artiklen sætter fokus på de offentlige ledere, der har deltaget på Diplomuddannelsen i Ledelse, for at belyse om og i givet fald hvordan ”effekten” af uddannelsen viser sig som ledelseskompetencer i praksis. Artiklen indledes med en baggrundsbeskrivelse, der tydeliggør at den politiske velfærdstæ...

  10. Gruppebaseret behandling af BED - et faseopdelt behandlingstilbud

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Laust, Jakob; Lau, Marianne Engelbrecht; Waaddegaard, Mette

    2015-01-01

    konsekvenser. BED blev i 2013 optaget i DSM-5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders) som en selvstændig diagnose og BED forventes medtaget i den forestående revision af det internationale diagnose system, ICD-11. Sundhedsstyrelsen gav på denne baggrund satspuljemidler til erfaringsopsamling...

  11. Visuel remediering af de danske netaviser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorlacius, Lisbeth

    2016-01-01

    Dette kapitel omhandler to overordnede iagttagelser omkring udviklingen af den visuelle kommunikation på de danske netaviser. For det første har der på netaviserne, i perioden fra uge 46 i 2012-2014, været en klar tendens til, at netavisernes visuelle fremtoning har nærmet sig den trykte avis. Fo...

  12. Nationale domstoles behandling af internationale normkonflikter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjeldgaard-Pedersen, Astrid

    2013-01-01

    Med sin dom af 12. september 2012 i sagen Nada v. Switzerland har Den Europæiske Menneskerettighedsdomstol (EMD) givet ny næring til debatten om, hvordan konflikter mellem staters forpligtelser ifølge Den Europæiske Menneskerettighedskonvention (EMRK) og deres forpligtelser efter bindende...

  13. Evaluering af områdefornyelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engberg, Lars A.; Larsen, Jacob Norvig; Hansen, Jesper Rohr

    I 2004 trådte en ny byfornyelseslov i kraft. Den eksisterende ordning - helhedsorienteret byfornyelse - blev afl øst af områdefornyelse, og denne rapport redegør for kommunernes erfaringer med områdefornyelse. Rapporten belyser en række emner omkring ordningen; kommunernes generelle vurderinger a...

  14. Skal religion ud af det offentlige rum?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lægaard, Sune

    2009-01-01

    I debatter om religion og politik fremsættes ofte generelle krav om "mindre religion i det offentlige rum", der tit begrundes med en henvisning til idealer om sekularisme, neutralitet eller upartiskhed. Artiklen skelner først mellem tre forskellige betydninger af, hvad der overordnet kan forstås ...

  15. Karakterisering af Materialer fra atom til makro

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brøndsted, Povl; Somers, Marcel A.J.

    2002-01-01

    Denne årbog er udgivet i forbindelse med Dansk Metallurgisk Selskabs Vintermøde, der fandt sted på Hotel Koldingfjord, Kolding i dagene 2. til 4. januar 2002. Bogen indeholder de foredrag, der blev præsenteret på Vintermødet. Emnet for mødet var " Karakterisering af Materialer - fra atom til makro...

  16. Health Information in Somali (af Soomaali): MedlinePlus

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Healthy Roads Media Make an Emergency Plan and Practice It - English Qorshe samee oo ku tababaro - af Soomaali (Somali) ... Healthy Roads Media Make an Emergency Plan and Practice It - English Qorshe samee oo ku tababaro - af Soomaali (Somali) ...

  17. Vindstødsinducerede svingninger af afbarduneret antennemast

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, Leif; Svenningsen, Klaus Bukh

    Dette eksamensprojekt omhandler en teoretisk og praktisk bestemmelse af vindstødsinducerede svingninger af en afbarduneret antennemast. Antennemasten, der tilhører Post- og Telegrafsvæsnet, er beliggende i Frejlev syd for Aalborg....

  18. Digitalisering af undervisningen i almen patologi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben Vainer

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Patologi er læren om sygdommes manifestationer i væv og celler, herunder sygdommes årsager og mekanismer, og er en central del af undervisningen på en lang række studier om menneskers og dyrs sygdomme. Imod slutningen af 00’erne kom de første præparatscannere til Danmark, og for faget almen patologi på Københavns Universitet blev dette udnyttet til at forbedre og modernisere undervisningen. Faget baserer nu sin undervisning på digitalisering og anvendelse af digitale medier, og både undervisning og eksamen i vævs- og celleforandringer foregår nu med digitale hjælpemidler. I løbet af de sidste fem år er alle vævspræparater digitaliserede, og sideløbende hermed er den elektroniske platform for faget blevet udbygget. Fagets egne forelæsninger videooptages og streames, forelæsninger udført af internationalt anerkendte undervisere på udenlandske universiteter transmitteres live, og en patologi-blog øger studerendes adgang til underviserne. Til selvstudium udvikles multiple choice-tests baseret på mikroskopipræparater samt korte filmklip, der gennemgår mikroskopiforandringerne. Digitale spørgeskemaer har vist, at disse tiltag har forbedret undervisningen og øget studentertilfredsheden ganske betydeligt. Denne oversigtsartikel vil præsentere de digitale tiltag og deres betydning for undervisningen i patologi på Københavns Universitet.

  19. Can stimulating massage improve joint repositioning error in patients with knee osteoarthritis?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Hans; Henriksen, Marius; Bartels, Else M

    2009-01-01

    PURPOSE: The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of massage applied to the thigh muscles on joint repositioning error (JRE) in patients suffering from osteoarthritis (OA).We hypothesized that stimulating massage of the muscles around an osteoarthritic knee joint, could improve...... the neuromuscular function and thereby optimize the positive and minimize the negative performance factors in relation to an exercise program. METHODS: In a cross-over design, 19 patients with knee osteoarthritis, mean age of 73.1 years (SD: 9.4; range 56 to 88 years), recruited from the local department...... with knee osteoarthritis, ie, if an improved JRE is important for improving the performance factors when exercising, stimulating massage may not be recommendable to use....

  20. Benefits of massage therapy and use of a doula during labor and childbirth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keenan, P

    2000-01-01

    This article reviews the most recent literature on touch support and one-to-one support during labor and childbirth. The positive and negative aspects of the traditional birth attendant are presented. Research in one-to-one care and touch support during labor is examined with respect to husband/partner, nurses, nurse-midwives, and doulas (trained labor attendants). According to recent studies, women supported by doulas or midwives benefit by experiencing shorter labors and lower rates of epidural anesthesia and cesarean section deliveries. Also, a smaller percentage of their newborns experience fetal distress and/or are admitted to neonatal intensive care units. Women whose husbands or partners massage them during labor experience shorter labors. Nursing one-to-one support results in no significant obstetric outcomes. Antenatal perineal massage was found to reduce the rates of tears, cesarean section, and instrumental deliveries. Research in perineal massage during labor has shown no benefit.

  1. Treating children diarrhea by massage%推拿手法治疗小儿泄泻

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李学涛; 汪斌; 牟慧琴

    2013-01-01

      目的:对推拿手法治疗小儿泄泻进行探讨。方法:将小儿泄泻进行分类。用推拿手法对一名患儿进行治疗,推拿2次/d。结果:患儿按摩一周痊愈。结论:用中医推拿治疗小儿泄泻,疗效显著,值得在临床中推广。%  Objective:To investigate clinical effects of the massage on treating diarrhea in children. Methods:Classify the diarrhea in children. One patient was given massage therapy twice a day. Results:The diarrhea cured after three courses. Conclusion:The massage was effective in treating diarrhea in children, worthy of a wide application.

  2. Clinical Comparative Study on Massage Therapy and Cisapride in Treating Functional Dyspepsia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Jia-fu; LIN Qiang; LIU Hong-bo; ZHOU Ping; XIAO Yuan-chun

    2007-01-01

    To observe the clinical efficacy of massage therapy and Cisapride in the treatment of functional dyspepsia (FD).Methods:Eighty subjects were randomized into two groups:treatment group in which 40 cases were treated by massage therapy and control group in which 40 cases were treated by Cisapride,with a course of 4 weeks;meanwhile,another 40 healthy people were taken as normal group.Abdominal fullness,acid regurgitation,diminished appetite and anorexia,nausea and vomiting and health survey were observed;symptom scores were recorded.Results:These two treatment methods were effective for FD.Conclusion:Mental disorder is one cause of FD;massage therapy is quite effective for it.

  3. Observation on the Effect of Acupoint Injection plus Massage Therapy on Primary Dysmenorrhea

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lü Li-xia; Lü Meng; Fan Yi-wen

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To observe the clinical effects of acupoint injection therapy plus massage on primary dysmenorrhea (PD). Methods: Ninety patients with PD were randomly divided into a treatment group or a control group, 45 cases in each group. The treatment group was treated by injection of Vitamin K3into Sanyinjiao (SP 6) plus massage on Diji (SP 8). The control group was treated by oral administration of Ibuprofen sustained-release capsule. Before and after the treatment, visual analogue scale (VAS) was adopted to assess pain degree of the patients. The therapeutic effects were observed after continuous treatment of three cycles of menstruation. Results: After treatment, VAS scores were obviously decreased in both groups and the differences were statistically significant (allP Conclusion: Acupoint injection therapy plus massage for PD is effective and better than simple oral administration of Ibuprofen sustained-release capsule.

  4. MULTI-CENTER RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED TRIALS OF COMBINED TREATMENT OF VERTEBRAL ARTERY TYPE CERVICAL SPONDYLOSIS WITH ACUPUNCTURE AND MASSAGE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Jian-wei; WANG Cheng-wei; HU Ling-xiang; LI Ning; ZHANG Fan; LI Chun-yu; ZHAO Jing-jing; LI Ji; HU Yun-guang; ZHANG Yan

    2005-01-01

    Objective:To evaluate the clinical value of synthetical therapy of acupuncture and massage for treating vertebral artery type cervical spondylosis (VACS). Methods: In the present study, triple-center, single-blind, randomized and control methods were adopted. Qualified subjects were randomly assigned to three groups: acupuncture-massage (acu-mas) group, acupuncture group, and massage group (60 subjects in each group). Bilateral Fengchi (风池GB 20), Jiaji (夹脊EX-B 2, C4-7) and Baihui (百会GV 20) were punctured in combination with massage at the neck-shoulder and back region. The treatment was conducted once daily, 14 times altogether. Results: After treatment, of the 60 cases in each of acu-mas, acupuncture and massage groups, 28, 11 and 13 were cured, 13, 20 and 17 markedly effective, 12, 14 and 16 effective, and 7, 15 and 14 ineffective, with the total effective rates being 88.3%, 75.0% and 76.7% respectively. The therapeutic effect of acu-mas group was significantly superior to that of simple acupuncture and massage groups (P0.05). The time for producing therapeutic effects in acu-mas group was significantly shorter than those of acupuncture and massage groups (P<0.01, 0.05), meaning a faster of acu-mas group in producing clinical effect. No adverse events were found in all the 3 groups. Conclusion: Acupuncture and massage are effective and safe in the treatment of VACS, and the therapeutic effect of acupuncture combined with massage is superior to that of simple acupuncture and simple massage therapy.

  5. Anmeldelse af Eigil Lego Andersen: Dirigent og generalforsamling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2011-01-01

    Artiklen er en anmeldelse af advokat, adj. professor, dr. jur. Eigil Lego Andersens juridiske monografi om dirigenten og generalforsamlingen, herunder med lancering af en række nye afstemningsmetoder til brug for generalforsamlingen i (større) aktieselskaber.......Artiklen er en anmeldelse af advokat, adj. professor, dr. jur. Eigil Lego Andersens juridiske monografi om dirigenten og generalforsamlingen, herunder med lancering af en række nye afstemningsmetoder til brug for generalforsamlingen i (større) aktieselskaber....

  6. Risiko eller fare. Åbning og lukning af teaterprocesser

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krøgholt, I.

    Artiklen er en analyse af et rollespilsforløb. Forløbet undersøges med henblik på dets collaborative skabelsespraksis, idet der fokuseres på forløbsledelsens konstruktion af interaktivitet og deltagerrespons. I analysen gøres brug af Niklas Luhmanns modstilling af kalkulerbare risici og uforudsete...

  7. Uddrag af Ph.d.-afhandlingen Den groteske modernisme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lübker, Henrik

    2011-01-01

    Om forholdet mellem "det groteske" og "den groteske modernisme" eksemplificeret i en læsning af E.A. Poes "The Fall of the House of Usher" og flere af Francis Bacons malerier.......Om forholdet mellem "det groteske" og "den groteske modernisme" eksemplificeret i en læsning af E.A. Poes "The Fall of the House of Usher" og flere af Francis Bacons malerier....

  8. The effect of compressed air massage on untraumatised rabbit skeletal muscle - a morphometric and ultrastructural study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. A. Gregory

    2004-02-01

    Full Text Available One of the therapeutic uses of massage is to facilitate repairof damaged tissue. A potential hazard of massage is that direct pressure onmuscle is known to damage skeletal myofibres. This study examines theeffect of a new form of massage using compressed air on the morphology ofuntraumatised rabbit skeletal myofibres. Under anaesthetic, the left and right vastus lateralis muscles of 16 New Zealand, white rabbits were treated with 10 minutes of compressed air therapy at 1 Bar using a single hole (5 mm applicator head and control biopsies were taken from the opposite limb. Biopsies were prepared for light microscopy and transmission electronmicroscopy. Morphometry, using image analysis revealed a significant increase in myofibre diameters 10 minutes  (p < 0.001 and 24 hours (p<0.01 after compressed air massage. Six days after treatment diameters were significantly reduced (p < 0.01. Morphologically, myofibres in control specimens were normal. Shortly after compressed air  massage, juxta-nuclear and intermyofibrillar oedema was present and electron-lucent spaces were filled with swollen mitochondria and elements of the sarcoplasmic reticulum (SR. Glycogen and other non-contractile organelles were sometimes aggregated in oedematous, sub-sarcolemmal regions. Twenty four hours after treatment, intermyofibrillar oedema was reduced, but SR swelling remained and many fibres were characterised by focal and large areas of myofibrillar disorganisation. With the exception of occasional swollen elements of the SR and a single internalised nucleus, myofibres morphology had returned to normal 6 days after treatment. Compressed air massage causes less damage to skeletal myofibres than a similar form of localised pressure treatment, deep transverse frictions. Clinicalstudies using this new modality are warranted.

  9. Massage therapy for osteoarthritis of the knee: a randomized dose-finding trial.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam I Perlman

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: In a previous trial of massage for osteoarthritis (OA of the knee, we demonstrated feasibility, safety and possible efficacy, with benefits that persisted at least 8 weeks beyond treatment termination. METHODS: We performed a RCT to identify the optimal dose of massage within an 8-week treatment regimen and to further examine durability of response. Participants were 125 adults with OA of the knee, randomized to one of four 8-week regimens of a standardized Swedish massage regimen (30 or 60 min weekly or biweekly or to a Usual Care control. Outcomes included the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Arthritis Index (WOMAC, visual analog pain scale, range of motion, and time to walk 50 feet, assessed at baseline, 8-, 16-, and 24-weeks. RESULTS: WOMAC Global scores improved significantly (24.0 points, 95% CI ranged from 15.3-32.7 in the 60-minute massage groups compared to Usual Care (6.3 points, 95% CI 0.1-12.8 at the primary endpoint of 8-weeks. WOMAC subscales of pain and functionality, as well as the visual analog pain scale also demonstrated significant improvements in the 60-minute doses compared to usual care. No significant differences were seen in range of motion at 8-weeks, and no significant effects were seen in any outcome measure at 24-weeks compared to usual care. A dose-response curve based on WOMAC Global scores shows increasing effect with greater total time of massage, but with a plateau at the 60-minute/week dose. CONCLUSION: Given the superior convenience of a once-weekly protocol, cost savings, and consistency with a typical real-world massage protocol, the 60-minute once weekly dose was determined to be optimal, establishing a standard for future trials. TRIAL REGISTRATION: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00970008.

  10. Development of a manualized protocol of massage therapy for clinical trials in osteoarthritis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Ather

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Clinical trial design of manual therapies may be especially challenging as techniques are often individualized and practitioner-dependent. This paper describes our methods in creating a standardized Swedish massage protocol tailored to subjects with osteoarthritis of the knee while respectful of the individualized nature of massage therapy, as well as implementation of this protocol in two randomized clinical trials. Methods The manualization process involved a collaborative process between methodologic and clinical experts, with the explicit goals of creating a reproducible semi-structured protocol for massage therapy, while allowing some latitude for therapists’ clinical judgment and maintaining consistency with a prior pilot study. Results The manualized protocol addressed identical specified body regions with distinct 30- and 60-min protocols, using standard Swedish strokes. Each protocol specifies the time allocated to each body region. The manualized 30- and 60-min protocols were implemented in a dual-site 24-week randomized dose-finding trial in patients with osteoarthritis of the knee, and is currently being implemented in a three-site 52-week efficacy trial of manualized Swedish massage therapy. In the dose-finding study, therapists adhered to the protocols and significant treatment effects were demonstrated. Conclusions The massage protocol was manualized, using standard techniques, and made flexible for individual practitioner and subject needs. The protocol has been applied in two randomized clinical trials. This manualized Swedish massage protocol has real-world utility and can be readily utilized both in the research and clinical settings. Trial registration Clinicaltrials.gov NCT00970008 (18 August 2009

  11. Salivary cortisol as an indicator of adrenocortical function in healthy infants, using massage therapy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monalisa de Cássia Fogaça

    Full Text Available CONTEXT AND OBJECTIVE: The evaluation of adrenocortical function with the use of therapeutic massage has been little studied in Brazil. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the salivary cortisol levels before and after Shantala massage therapy on healthy infants. DESIGN AND SETTING: Prospective case series, in a public nursery, in São Paulo. METHODS: Saliva was obtained from 11 infants at the times of 8:00-9:00 a.m. and 4:00-5:00 p.m. in a nursery and 9:00-10:00 p.m. at home. They received a 15-minute therapeutic massage on two consecutive days, and saliva was collected before and after the massage. The procedure was repeated after a one-week interval. Cortisol values (intra-assay < 5%; inter-assay < 10% at different times of the day were compared by ANOVA. RESULTS: The mean cortisol values (nmol/l ± SD on the first day were: morning (M = 14.1 ± 5.7, afternoon (A = 8.3 ± 2.7, night (N = 3.3 ± 1.1; after two consecutive days of therapeutic massage: M = 22.3 ± 13.5, A = 13.4 ± 6.0, N = 5.8 ± 3.5; after a one-week interval: M = 15.8 ± 7.7, A = 14.3 ± 7.7, N = 3.4 ± 2.0. CONCLUSION: There was a modification in the salivary cortisol values following massage, thus reflecting possible adaptation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis.

  12. Massage therapy for fibromyalgia: a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yan-hui Li

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Although some studies evaluated the effectiveness of massage therapy for fibromyalgia (FM, the role of massage therapy in the management of FM remained controversial. OBJECTIVE: The purpose of this systematic review is to evaluate the evidence of massage therapy for patients with FM. METHODS: Electronic databases (up to June 2013 were searched to identify relevant studies. The main outcome measures were pain, anxiety, depression, and sleep disturbance. Two reviewers independently abstracted data and appraised risk of bias. The risk of bias of eligible studies was assessed based on Cochrane tools. Standardised mean difference (SMD and 95% confidence intervals (CI were calculated by more conservative random-effects model. And heterogeneity was assessed based on the I(2 statistic. RESULTS: Nine randomized controlled trials involving 404 patients met the inclusion criteria. The meta-analyses showed that massage therapy with duration ≥ 5 weeks significantly improved pain (SMD, 0.62; 95% CI 0.05 to 1.20; p = 0.03, anxiety (SMD, 0.44; 95% CI 0.09 to 0.78; p = 0.01, and depression (SMD, 0.49; 95% CI 0.15 to 0.84; p = 0.005 in patients with FM, but not on sleep disturbance (SMD, 0.19; 95% CI -0.38 to 0.75; p = 0.52. CONCLUSION: Massage therapy with duration ≥ 5 weeks had beneficial immediate effects on improving pain, anxiety, and depression in patients with FM. Massage therapy should be one of the viable complementary and alternative treatments for FM. However, given fewer eligible studies in subgroup meta-analyses and no evidence on follow-up effects, large-scale randomized controlled trials with long follow-up are warrant to confirm the current findings.

  13. OBSERVATION ON THE THERAPEUTIC EFFECT OF ACPUNCTURE COMBINED WITH MASSAGE FOR CERVICAL SPONDYLOSIS OF VERTEBRAL ARTERIAL TYPE BY USING TRANCRANIAL DOPPLYER ULTRASONOGRAPHY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Jian-wei; WANG Cheng-wei; HU Ling-xiang; LI Ning; ZHANG Fan; LI Chun-yu; ZHAO Jing-jing; LI Ji; HU Yun-guang; ZHANG Yan

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To observe the effect of acupuncture combined with massage on blood flow velocity of the vertebro-basilar artery in cervical spondylosis of vertebral arterial type (CSVAT) patients. Methods:In the present study, methods of evidence-based medicine, triple-centers, single-blindness, randomization and control were used. A total of 100 cases of CSVAT patients were randomized into acupuncture plus massage (acu-massage) group (n = 38), acupuncture group ( n = 32) and massage group ( n = 30). Acupoints used were Fengchi (风池 GB 20), cervical Jiaji (颈夹脊 EX-B 2), Baihui (百会 GV 20), and the methods of massage used were kneading-rolling, adhesion-separating and acupoint-digital pressing, topical digital pressing and rubbing, traction-extending and mild palm-rubbing. The treatment was conducted once daily, with 7 sessions being a therapeutic course and continuously for 2 courses. Changes of peak velocity (Vp), end-diastolic velocity (Vd), mean velocity (Vm) of blood flow of the vertebral artery (VA) and basilar artery (BA),etc were detected before and after the treatment by using transcranial Doppler (TCD) ultrasonography. Results: After the treatment, the abnormally low Vp of both VA and BA in acu-massage, acupuncture and massage groups, Vm of VA in acu-massage and acupuncture groups, Vm of BA in acu-massage and massage groups, and Vd of VA and BA in the 3 groups all increased significantly in comparison with their own pretreatment ( P < 0.05, 0.01 ), and the therapeutic effects of acu-massage group in the 3 indexes were significantly superior to those of acupuncture group and/or massage group (P < 0.05, 0.01 ). The abnormally increased Vp of VA in acu-massage and acupuncture groups, Vm of VA in the 3 groups, and Vd of VA in acu-massage and massage groups decreased obviously after the treatment in comparison with their own pretreatment (P <0.05, 0.01), and the therapeutic effects of acu-massage group were significantly superior to those of

  14. CROSS-DISCIPLINARY PHYSICS AND RELATED AREAS OF SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY: Effect of Rolling Massage on Particle Moving Behaviour in Blood Vessels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yi, Hou-Hui; Fan, Li-Juan; Yang, Xiao-Feng; Chen, Yan-Yan

    2008-09-01

    The rolling massage manipulation is a classic Chinese massage, which is expected to eliminate many diseases. Here the effect of the rolling massage on the particle moving property in the blood vessels under the rolling massage manipulation is studied by the lattice Boltzmann simulation. The simulation results show that the particle moving behaviour depends on the rolling velocity, the distance between particle position and rolling position. The average values, including particle translational velocity and angular velocity, increase as the rolling velocity increases almost linearly. The result is helpful to understand the mechanism of the massage and develop the rolling techniques.

  15. Energi- og miljøanalyser af bygninger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dinesen, J.; Nielsen, P.

    Denne SBI-meddelelse beskriver en række udvidelser og forbedringer af den beregningsmodel og det regnearksprogram til opgørelse af en bygnings energiforbrug og energirelaterede emission af CO2 og SO2 i hele bygningens livscyklus, som SBI har udarbejdet. Model og regnearksprogram er beskrevet i...

  16. Anmeldelse af: Afghantsy. The Russians in Afghanistan 1979-89

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestenskov, David

    2012-01-01

    Baseret på nyligt afklassificeret materiale fra arkiverne i Moskva samt fremstillinger af russiske historikere, tegnes et anderledes og mere nuanceret billede af de sovjetiske erfaringer fra Afghanistan. De første spadestik til opgøret med den amerikanske stempling af den sovjetiske ageren i jule...

  17. Udvendig efterisolering af gavle med præfabrikerede komponenter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørregaard, M.; Stampe, M.; Kjær, A.

    Rapporten bringer resultaterne af et demonstrationsprojekt, hvor en fritliggende gavl på hver af to ældre etageejendomme blev efterisoleret med præfabrikerede komponenter. Den ene gavl blev beklædt med komponenter af fiberbeton monteret fra stillads, den anden med store stålkassetter monteret med...

  18. Benchmarking af udsættelser i kommunerne

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Gunvor; Jeppesen, Anders Gade; Markwardt, Kristoffer

    2015-01-01

    nuværende tidspunkt stadig mangler relevante forhold i benchmarking-modellen. Eksempelvis antallet af stofmisbrugere, antallet af borgere med psykiatriske indlæggelser samt forekomsten af projekter med henblik på at forebygge udsættelser (fx gældsrådgivning). Disse data er først tilgængelige i 2015....

  19. Flytning til udlandet af et dansk aktie- eller anpartsselskab

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Werlauff, Erik

    2008-01-01

    Artiklen analyserer, hvordan flytning af et dansk A/S eller ApS til et andet EU-land kan ske gennem oprettelse af et datterselskab i det andet land, efterfulgt af en omvendt lodret fusion (M ophører, og  D er det fortsættende selskab). Fusionsvederlaget  er aktier i datterselskabet, der kan tilve...

  20. Immediat indsættelse af enkelttandsimplantater i privat praksis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hartlev, Jens; Kohberg, Peter; Ahlmann, Søren;

    2015-01-01

    Immediat indsættelse af enkelttandsimplantater Formål – At vurdere behandlingsresultat og patienttilfredshed efter immediat indsættelse af enkelttandsimplantat og cementering af en provisorisk krone i samme behandlingsseance, hvor behandlingen var blevet foretaget i privat praksis. Materiale og m...

  1. Eksperimentel bakteriofagterapi til behandling af kronisk Pseudomonas aeruginosaotitis hos hund

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moodley, Arshnee; Mølgaard, Jesper

    2016-01-01

    Vi beskriver en case med anvendelsen af bakteriofager til behandling af kronisk otitis forårsaget af multiresistente Pseudomonas aeruginosa som en sidste behandlingsmulighed før aflivning. Trods gentagne behandlinger, både topikalt og systemisk, med op til seks forskellige antibiotika over en...

  2. Kan forskellige velfærdsregimer betjenes af harmoniserede uddannelser?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Niels Rosendal

    2009-01-01

    Artiklen behandler dels Bologna-processen, dels etableringen af et marked for serviceydelser. Begge dele berører hidtidige sammenhæng mellem national uddannelse til et nationalt arbejdsmarked. Dog understreges, at den fortsatte nationale akkreditering af uddannelser modificerer virkningerne af...

  3. Måling af isolationsmodstand i el-installationer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holmstrøm, P.; Skibstrup Eriksen, S.

    Anvisningen indeholder en kort gennemgang af stærkstrømsreglementets krav om måling af isolationsmodstand og krav til isolationsprøveapparater. Der bringes eksempler på målinger i praksis, og det fremhæves at elektrikere kan have stor nytte af systematiske målinger i fejlfindingssituationer....

  4. En governmentality analyse af Professionshøjskolen UCC

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berendsen, Ida Theodora Wolf

    2009-01-01

    I dette masterprojekt er jeg optaget af at undersøge, hvordan nye politiske styringsregimer får betydninger for ledelse af uddannelser i Professionshøjskolen UCC. I en tidligere opgave (Berendsen 2009) har jeg lavet en evaluering af de ledelsesformer/ typer, der blev anvendt på lærer- og pædagogs...

  5. tsbi3 - termisk simulering af bygninger og installationer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johnsen, Kjeld

    for projekterende arkitekter og ingeniører, forskningsinstitutioner og andre, der har behov for at simulere og beregne termisk arbejdsmiljø, energiforbrug, reguleringsfunktioner, energibesparende udformning af bygninger og udnyttekse af passiv solvarme. Leveres til IBM-kompatible PC'ere af AT-typen på 3 ½" eller 5...

  6. Immediat indsættelse af enkelttandsimplantater i privat praksis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hartlev, Jens; Kohberg, Peter; Ahlmann, Søren;

    2015-01-01

    Immediat indsættelse af enkelttandsimplantater Formål – At vurdere behandlingsresultat og patienttilfredshed efter immediat indsættelse af enkelttandsimplantat og cementering af en provisorisk krone i samme behandlingsseance, hvor behandlingen var blevet foretaget i privat praksis. Materiale og...

  7. Vejledning i måling af termisk indeklima

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Valbjørn, O.; Erikson, B.; Löfstedt, B.

    Vejledningen, der er vedtaget af den nordiske ventilationsgruppe januar 1975, er udarbejdet som hjælp ved udførelse af indeklimamålinger i henhold til "Fællesnordiske retningslinier for måling af de termiske indeklimaparametre", SBI notat 47. Vejledningen indeholder følgende afsnit: Målemetoder o...

  8. Ekstraktion af æteriske olier fra oregano

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ellitsgaard Jakobsen, Jens; Ankerfeldt, Dorte; Jensen, Morten Busch

    2010-01-01

    med keratin - Ammoniakforurening reduceres med ny teknologi - Genvinding og genanvendelse af ammoniak fra spildevand og husdyrgødning - Ginseng - en virkningsfuld medicinplante - Ekstraktion af æteriske olier fra oregano "Biotek" er udviklet med udgangspunkt i originalartikler udarbejdet af forskere...

  9. På sporet af pædagogisk faglighed

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rothuizen, Jan Jaap

    rekonstruktion af pædagogik som en disciplin, der er sammensat af initiering af barnet i den eksisterende verden, civilisationskritik og opfordringen til selvstændighed. Her undersøges også hvordan der i Jürgen Habermas´, Hans-Georg Gadamers og Michel Foucaults værk kan hentes inspiration til begrebsliggørelser...

  10. Qigong massage for motor skills in young children with cerebral palsy and Down syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Louisa M T; Schalock, Mark; Garberg, Jodi; Smith, Cynthia Lammers

    2012-01-01

    In this article, we present a small randomized controlled study evaluating the effect of a dual parent- and trainer-delivered qigong massage methodology on motor skills and sensory responses in 28 children under age 4 with developmental delay and motor tone abnormalities. Fourteen children had high motor tone as a result of cerebral palsy (CP), and 14 children had low motor tone as a result of Down syndrome. Multivariate analysis and post hoc analysis of variance showed large effect-size improvements in Peabody Gross Motor Scale (PGMS) Object Manipulation scores (p qigong massage as a promising avenue for research to improve motor skills in young children with CP and Down syndrome.

  11. Case Study: The Use of Massage Therapy to Relieve Chronic Low-Back Pain

    OpenAIRE

    Allen, Laura

    2016-01-01

    Objectives To study the effects of massage on chronic low-back pain in a patient with four different diagnoses: osteoarthritis, scoliosis, spinal stenosis, and degenerative disc disease. The patient’s goal was to cut down on the amount of pain medication he takes. Methods A 63-year-old man with chronic back pain received four massages across a twenty-day period. Progress was recorded using the Oswestry Low Back Pain Scale, as he self-reported on levels of pain and interference with his activi...

  12. Comparison of the Digital Point Pressure and Massage on Meridians with Acupuncture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LU Yanan

    2009-01-01

    @@ Professor ZHANG Tao, a national-noted TCM physician in Guanganmen Hospital, China Academy of Chinese Medical Sciences, has rich experience in the treatment of orthopedic and traumatic diseases.The author fortunately had a chance to work with Professor ZHANG during his advanced studies in 1999, and used the digital point pressure and massage on meridians in clinic and obtained a very satisfactory result.1-2 The digital point pressure-massage on meridians is also termed as the "finger needle" therapy, "finger pressure" therapy and "digital point pressure" therapy.

  13. Forståelsen af økologiske markeder og fremskaffelsen af relevant strategisk rådgivning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vestergaard, Jens

    2005-01-01

    Sammenligning af den økologiske industri i 5 eu lande,analyse af markedernes dynamik og samhandel.Bud på strategiske tiltage,der kan løfte det danske økologiske marked.......Sammenligning af den økologiske industri i 5 eu lande,analyse af markedernes dynamik og samhandel.Bud på strategiske tiltage,der kan løfte det danske økologiske marked....

  14. Randomized Controlled Trials of Pediatric Massage: A Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shay Beider

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The existing reviews of massage therapy (MT research are either limited to infants, adults, or were conducted prior to the publication of the most recent studies using pediatric samples. Randomized controlled trials (RCTs of pediatric MT are reviewed. A literature search yielded 24 RCTs of pediatric MT, defined as the manual manipulation of soft tissue intended to promote health and well-being in recipients between 2 and 19 years of age. Because RCTs of pediatric MT varied considerably in the amount and types of data reported, quantitative and narrative review methods were both used. Single-dose and multiple-dose effects were examined separately. Among single-dose effects, significant reductions of state anxiety were observed at the first session (g = 0.59, P < 0.05 and the last session (g = 1.10, P < 0.01 of a course of treatment. Effects for salivary cortisol (g = 0.28, negative mood (g = 0.52 and behavior (g = 0.37 were non-significant. Three of eleven multiple-dose effects were statistically significant. These were trait anxiety (g = 0.94, P < 0.05, muscle tone (g = 0.90, P < 0.01 and arthritis pain (g = 1.33, P < 0.01. Results of studies not permitting effect size calculation were judged to be generally consistent with quantitative results. MT benefits pediatric recipients, though not as universally as sometimes reported. Numerous weaknesses endemic to MT research (e.g. low statistical power, frequent failure to report basic descriptive statistics are identified, and recommendations for future pediatric MT research are discussed.

  15. Studerende og underviseres brug af digitale medier - En kvantitativ undersøgelse af Aarhus Universitets studerende og underviseres brug af digitale medier og internettet anno 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Hvid Stenalt

    2009-06-01

    • Hvilke medier anvender universitetsstuderende generelt? • Ligner undervisernes medievalg/forbrug de studerendes? • Hvilke medier inddrager underviserne i undervisningen? Nærværende artikel vil forsøge at besvare disse spørgsmål på baggrund af en kvantitativ spørgeskemaundersøgelse af Aarhus Universitets studerende og underviseres brug af digitale medier og internettet. Undersøgelsen blev gennemført i efteråret 2008 af E-læringsenheden ved Aarhus Universitet som led i en almen kvalitetssikring på media- og e-læringsområdet, samt som led i en behovsafklaring vedrørende etablering af et medie- og podcastarkiv. E-læringsenheden er en administrativ enhed, der teknisk og pædagogisk understøtter underviseres inddragelse af digitale medier i undervisningen.

  16. Massage treatment and medial tibial stress syndrome; A commentary to provoke thought about the way massage therapy is used in the treatment of MTSS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fogarty, Sarah

    2015-07-01

    As students and practitioners we are taught about the treatment and causative factors of medial shin pain, in particular' shin splints' or the more recent term; medial tibial stress syndrome (MTSS). During the years there have been many theories, conjecture and misunderstandings about the mechanisms of 'shin splints/medial tibial stress syndrome' however the ramifications of these mechanisms on how massage treatment is delivered have not being discussed. The evidence for the treatment of MTSS is largely clinical with little evidence of any treatment being proven to be effective in treating MTSS. The aim of this article is to present a summary of the mechanisms of MTSS and a commentary to provoke thought about the way massage therapy is used in the treatment of MTSS based on these mechanisms.

  17. Analysis list: Pou2af1 [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Pou2af1 Blood + mm9 http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/target/Pou2af1.1....tsv http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/target/Pou2af1.5.tsv http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/k...yushu-u/mm9/target/Pou2af1.10.tsv http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/colo/Pou2af1.Blood.tsv http://dbarchive.biosciencedbc.jp/kyushu-u/mm9/colo/Blood.gml ...

  18. Den kulturelle dimension af virksomhedens internationalisering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langhoff, Tine

    1994-01-01

    at udnytte muligheder i foranderlige og kulturelt set heterogene omgivelser, så de succe kan påvirke og tilpasse sig disse? (2): Hvorledes forsøger virksomheder at håndtere kulturel heterogenitet på deres eksportmarkeder? Undersøgelsen identificerer tre dimensioner i virksomheders strategifastlæggelse, der......Artiklen omhandler den kulturelle dimensions indvirkning på virksomhedens internationalisering og diskuterer mulige internationalisieringsstrategier for virksomheder, der konfronteres med kulturforskelle. Med udgangspunkt i en kritik af den hidtidige forskning på området, hvor det såkaldte psykiske...... er herved, at den kulturelle dimension påvirker virksomheden og dens fortsatte udvikling. En empirisk analyse i den danske fødevarebranche afdækker virksomheders interkulturelle kompetence ved hjælp af to spørgsmål: (1) Hvorledes formår virksomheder med begrænsede ressourcer til deres disposition...

  19. Microfluidic Pumps Containing Teflon [Trademark] AF Diaphragms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willis, Peter; White, Victor; Grunthaner, Frank; Ikeda, Mike; Mathies, Richard A.

    2009-01-01

    Microfluidic pumps and valves based on pneumatically actuated diaphragms made of Teflon AF polymers are being developed for incorporation into laboratory-on-a-chip devices that must perform well over temperature ranges wider than those of prior diaphragm-based microfluidic pumps and valves. Other potential applications include implanted biomedical microfluidic devices, wherein the biocompatability of Teflon AF polymers would be highly advantageous. These pumps and valves have been demonstrated to function stably after cycling through temperatures from -125 to 120 C. These pumps and valves are intended to be successors to similar prior pumps and valves containing diaphragms made of polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) [commonly known as silicone rubber]. The PDMS-containing valves ae designed to function stably only within the temperature range from 5 to 80 C. Undesirably, PDMS membranes are somwehat porous and retain water. PDMS is especially unsuitable for use at temperatures below 0 C because the formation of ice crystals increases porosity and introduces microshear.

  20. Obama skal ikke nyde noget af Syrien

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ulrich, Philip Christian

    2013-01-01

    Mange har i lang tid undret sig over at konflikten i Syrien har kunnet få lov at stå på i så lang tid, uden at USA har vist lederskab og grebet ind. Det er jo den rolle vi er vant til at se USA i. Men Obama skal ikke nyde noget af at engagere sig i Syrien. Det har USA ikke råd til......Mange har i lang tid undret sig over at konflikten i Syrien har kunnet få lov at stå på i så lang tid, uden at USA har vist lederskab og grebet ind. Det er jo den rolle vi er vant til at se USA i. Men Obama skal ikke nyde noget af at engagere sig i Syrien. Det har USA ikke råd til...

  1. Udvikling af medicinsk behandling mod bipolar lidelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ellegaard, Pernille Kempel

    2015-01-01

    Selvom Esbjerg ligger i vandkants Danmark, er det den Psykiatriske Forskningsenhed i denne by, der er primus motor for et stort forsøg blandt mennesker, der lider af bipolar lidelse. Forsøget hedder ”NACOS”, og er et medicinsk forsøg til mennesker, der befinder sig i den depressive fase.......Selvom Esbjerg ligger i vandkants Danmark, er det den Psykiatriske Forskningsenhed i denne by, der er primus motor for et stort forsøg blandt mennesker, der lider af bipolar lidelse. Forsøget hedder ”NACOS”, og er et medicinsk forsøg til mennesker, der befinder sig i den depressive fase....

  2. Case-studier af og om mennesker i organisationer : forberedelse, feltarbejde, generering, tolkning og sammendrag af data for eksplorativ integration, test og udvikling af teori

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maaløe, Erik

    for tilrettelæggelse og gennemførelse af feltarbejde såvel som den efterfølgende analyse af de herigennem genererede data. Ud fra denne hovedstruktur bliver en lang række enkeltemner såsom 'beskrivelse 'forklaring', 'forståelse', 'tydning', 'fordomme/bias' etc. vendt, drejet, sat op imod hinanden og uddybet trin...... for trin i udviklingen af case-studier....

  3. MR-billeddiagnostik af corpus pineale

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langevad, Line; Gøbel Madsen, Camilla; Siebner, Hartwig R.;

    2014-01-01

    Tilgængeligheden af højopløselige MR-teknikker har ført til større opmærksomhed på og nye spørgsmål vedrørende corpus pineales (CP) funktion og kliniske betydning. Dertil kommer en stigende interesse for hormonet melatonins kliniske betydning og relation til forandringer i CP. I denne statusartikel...

  4. Medieleg af 1. og 2. grad

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandvik, Kjetil

    2009-01-01

    for ydre iagttagere og [...] for selviagttagelse" (Luhmann 1997, p.46). I denne artikels kontekst, kan denne systemiske opfattelse af leg ses i sammenhæng med Gregory Batesons legeteori, hvor det at lege indebærer en evne til at etablere en særlig referenceramme, indenfor hvilken de handlinger, der udføres...... har en særlig status (Bateson 1972)....

  5. Anmeldelse af: Läsa, skriva, tala

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Korsgaard, Klara Aalbæk

    2010-01-01

    Allerede i 1960’erne blev den svenske professor i børnesprog Ragnhild Söderbergh kendt i ”læseverdenen”, fordi hun lærte sin egen datter at læse i en alder af 2 år. Hun præsenterede barnet for ordkort med nære og kære ord, og hurtigt kunne den lille pige skelne mellem mamma og pappa, søsters navn...

  6. Lyden af børne-tv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Stine Liv; Jørgensgaard Graakjær, Nicolai

    2008-01-01

    Ærindet for denne artikel er at undersøge lyden af en programflade på en dansk reklamefinansieret, public service-kanal, der henvender sig til børn. Undersøgelsen er motiveret af tidligere observationsstudier (Johansen, 2005) 1, der blandt andet har vist, at småbørn i høj grad er tv-lyttere. For ......Ærindet for denne artikel er at undersøge lyden af en programflade på en dansk reklamefinansieret, public service-kanal, der henvender sig til børn. Undersøgelsen er motiveret af tidligere observationsstudier (Johansen, 2005) 1, der blandt andet har vist, at småbørn i høj grad er tv......-lyttere. For eksempel har det vist sig, at et lille barn sjældent sidder stille foran tv ret længe ad gangen, men derimod forholder sig til tv såvel som til en række andre fænomener (legetøj, andre personer osv.) på samme tid. Det har vist sig, at auditive fænomener spiller en vigtig rolle i denne sammenhæng: Selv når...... barnet kigger væk eller går ind i et andet rum, er tv’ets lyd en kontinuerlig anknytning til tv’et, og lyde kan for eksempel fungere som en kulisse, der integreres i barnets leg, ligesom lyde kan hidkalde – og i perioder bidrage til at fastholde – barnets visuelle opmærksomhed....

  7. Ledelse af Netværk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Waldstrøm, Christian; Engelbrecht, Bent

    Vi er alle stærkt præget af de relationer, vi har, både professionelt og privat. Uanset om vi er klar over det eller ej, påvirker de vores muligheder og er algørende for, hvordan organisationer fungerer. Med denne bog sætter Christian Waldstrøm og Bent Engelbrecht fokus på virksomhedens netværk o...

  8. Forankring af kvarterløft

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mazanti, B.

    . Spørgsmålet er, hvad der skal ske, når et kvarterløft slutter. Skal alle aktiviteterne fortsætte - eller kun nogle af dem? Hvordan sikres det, at de forbedringer som er opnået undervejs, kan vare ved og blive forankret i bydelens lokale miljø? Rapporten analyserer forskellige måder at lægge en strategi...

  9. Organisering af basal uddannelse i laparoskopisk kirurgi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund, Lars; Høj, Lars; Poulsen, Johan;

    2010-01-01

    evalueringsmetode er anvendt objective structured clinical examination (OSCE-test) og objective structured assessment of technical skills (OSATS-test). Resultater: Af de 106 læger er der færdigtrænet 80 læger på modul 1 og 2. Deltagernes fordeling på specialer var ved modul 1: kirurgi 47 læger, urologi 14 læger og...

  10. Guide til evaluering af Den motiverende samtale

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lunde, Anita; Douw, Karla

    dog også andre kommunikationsmodeller, og DMS indgår i fragmenter. Det er særligt delen om ambivalens og forandringshjulet der fremhæves fra DMS. Evalueringen af SEG peger på følgende: Selvevaluering er mest meningsfyldt, når DMS jævnligt anvendes, hvorfor målgruppen for SEG med fordel kan beskrives...

  11. Noninvasiv behandling af slid og erosion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pallesen, Ulla; Dijken, Jan van

    2012-01-01

    Slid og erosion af tænder synes i dag at være et voksende problem for mange patienter. I de fleste tilfælde kan tandlægens tidlige diagnostik føre til, at forebyggende tiltag iværksættes i tide, så fortsatte skader ophører, eller progressionen begrænses. Desværre er det ikke altid muligt, og hvis...

  12. Dental Assistant Specialty, AFS 981X0.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-12-01

    Preventive Dentistry) career ladder emerged as a lateral specialty in 1965. In 1972, the 983X0 AFS (Dental Assistant), another lateral career field...GRP588, N=37) E. Prosthodontic Assistants (GRP453, N=35) F. Preventive Dentistry-Operative Assistants (GRP486, N=15) G. Orthodontic Assistants (GRP477, N...signs other than blood pressure Assist in emergency procedures, such as managing syncope or providing oxygen to patient Perform surgical evacuation

  13. Effects of foot massage applied 2 different methods on symptom control in colorectal cancer patients: Randomized control trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uysal, Neşe; Kutlutürkan, Sevinç; Uğur, Işıl

    2017-02-07

    This randomized controlled clinical study aimed to determine the effect of 2 foot massage methods on symptom control in people with colorectal cancer who received chemoradiotherapy. Data were collected between June 16, 2015, and February 10, 2016, in the Department of Radiation Oncology of an oncology training and research hospital. The sample comprised 60 participants. Data were collected using an introductory information form, common terminology criteria for adverse events and European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaires C30 and CR29. Participants were randomly allocated to 3 groups: classical foot massage, reflexology, and standard care control. The classical massage group received foot massage using classical massage techniques, and the reflexology group received foot reflexology focusing on symptom-oriented reflexes twice a week during a 5-week chemoradiotherapy treatment schedule. The control group received neither classical massage nor reflexology. All patients were provided with the same clinic routine care. The classical massage was effective in reducing pain level and distension incidence while foot reflexology was effective in reducing pain and fatigue level, lowering incidence of distension and urinary frequency and improving life quality.

  14. Aromatherapy Massage on the Abdomen for Alleviating Menstrual Pain in High School Girls: A Preliminary Controlled Clinical Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myung-Haeng Hur

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the alleviating effects of aromatherapy massage and acetaminophen on menstrual pain in Korean high school girls. Subjects were divided into two groups: the aromatherapy massage (treatment group (=32 and the acetaminophen (control group (=23. Aromatherapy massage was performed on subjects in the treatment group. The abdomen was massaged once using clary sage, marjoram, cinnamon, ginger, and geranium in a base of almond oil. The level of menstrual pain was assessed using a visual analogue scale at baseline and twenty-four hours afterward. The reduction of menstrual pain was significantly higher in the aromatherapy group than in the acetaminophen group. Using multiple regression, aromatherapy massage was found to be more highly associated with reduction in the level of menstrual pain than acetaminophen. These finding suggest that aromatherapy massage may be an effective treatment for menstrual pain in high school girls. However, it could not be verified whether the positive effects derived from the aromatherapy, the massage, or both. Further rigorous studies should be conducted using more objective measures.

  15. Forekomst af parodontitis og FORL hos perserkatte

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flørnæs, Maria L. Topholm; Lund, Mette; Kortegaard, Hanne Ellen;

    2007-01-01

    I dette studie er omfanget af tandrelaterede sygdomme heriblandt parodontitis og feline odontoklastiske resorptions læsioner (FORL) blandt 19 perserkatte (heraf 2 exotics) på 3 til 9 år undersøgt både klinisk og radiografisk. Ingen af kattene havde tidligere fået renset tænder i anæstesi. Alle...... katte havde gingivitis (blødning ved sondering) på mindst en tand. Alle katte havde klinisk parodontitis på mindst 4 tænder, og det sås oftest i kindtænder. 26& havde svær klinisk parodontitis med klinisk fæstetab > 3 mm. Der sås tendens til højere forekomst af svær klinisk parodontitis med stigende...... alder, og den yngste kat i undersøgelsen med svær klinisk parodontitis var 4 år. Prævalensen for parodontitis vurderet radiologisk (alveolært knogletab) fandtes til 58%, og den yngste kat i undersøgelsen med alveolært knogletab var 3 år. Prævalensen for FORL var 47%, og der sås signifikant flere...

  16. Optimering af slutrensning på jorddambrug

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grønborg, Ole; Frier, Jens-Ole

    Driften af traditionelle danske jorddambrug er under betydelig forandring i disse år. Dels har man gennem de foregående årtier intensiveret driften på de eksisterende brug betydeligt, og dels har man i de seneste år indført forskellige rensningsforanstaltninger med det formål at nedbringe miljøbe...... på undersøgelsen af disse fire emner, da det har været meningen at starte bredt og derefter indsnævre forskningsområdet, når de egentlige undersøgelser i fase 2 skulle finde sted....... rensningsteknologi i dambrugserhvervet. Rapporten er opdelt i fire dele. Den første beskæftiger sig med kvantifikation af produktionsbidraget, den anden med dambrugets egenomsætning og de to sidste med de potentielle rensningsmuligheder for henholdsvis partikulært og opløst affald. Der har været lagt lige stor vægt...

  17. EFFECT OF MASSAGE AND AROMATHERAPY ON STRESS AND PROLACTIN LEVEL AMONG PRIMIPAROUS PUERPERAL MOTHERS IN SEMARANG, CENTRAL JAVA, INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melyana Nurul Widyawati

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Background: Exclusive breastfeeding in Semarang during the past five years remains low. Only 20 to 64% of mothers were breastfed exclusively in 2010-2012. The incidence of postpartum blues was reported by 29.9% mothers, and mostly (56.6% was primiparous. Objective: This study aims to determine the effect of Loving Massage, aromatherapy, and a combination of Loving Massage and aromatherapy on stress levels, and changes in levels of prolactin in primiparous puerperal in Semarang. Method: A true experimental study with a randomized pretest-posttest control group design. Cluster random sampling was used to select 12 health centers from the 37 health centers in Semarang. A random assignment with a sealed envelope was performed to divide study participants into four groups; loving massage group, aromatherapy group, and a combination group of loving massage and aromatherapy, and a control group. A total of 52 primiparous puerperal mothers was involved, with 13 mothers were distributed equally in each group. Results: Loving Massage, aromatherapy, and a combination of Loving Massage and aromatherapy effectively changed mother’s stress and prolactin levels. Effectiveness of each treatment assessed from the average difference in scores before and after treatment. Combination of Loving Massage and aromatherapy had proven as the most effective treatment in reducing stress levels (11.61 ± 6.76, and increasing prolactin level (83.13 ± 6.41 ng/ml. Conclusions: Loving Massage & Aromatherapy shown to lower the levels of stress, and can increase the levels prolactin in postpartum primiparous. Therefore, it is recommended to provide Loving Massage therapy and aromatherapy to postpartum primiparous mothers.

  18. Genetablering af danske kystnære marine økosystemer efter reduktion af næringsstoftilførsler: udvikling og tidsforsinkelser i indikatorer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Riemann, Bo; Carstensen, Jacob; Dahl, Karsten;

    . Klorofylmængden aftog og dækningsgraden af makroalger steg som funktioner af de reducerede næringsstoftilførsler. Biomassen af bundfaunaen var oprindeligt domineret af filtratorer, men i takt med de observerede reduktioner i næringsstoftilførslerne aftog den samlede biomasse og i særdeleshed biomassen af...

  19. Implementering af ny standard for forebyggelse af delir i forhold til ældre svagelige patienter > 65 år med hoftefraktur

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bagger, Bettan; Rehder, Bente; Pedersen, Niels

    2013-01-01

    at identificere best evidence i forhold til brug af screeningsredskaber. På baggrund af det systematiske review er der udviklet en ny evidensbaseret instruks. Der er planlagt og afholdt undervisningssessioner af afdelingens personale i forhold til dokumentation samt vigtigheden af nasal ilt og inddragelse af de...

  20. Evaluering af ordning med psykologbehandling af personer med let til moderat depression

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fjeldsted, Rita; Christensen, Kaj Sparle

    tidligere evaluering af forsøgsordning af psykologbehandling af depression i perioden 2005-06. 18.419 personer i alderen 18-37 år blev henvist til psykolog i den undersøgte ordning i perioden 1.2.2009 – 31.1.2010, svarende til en henvisningshyppighed på 1,6 % af baggrundsbefolkningen i samme aldersgruppe...... samme niveau som fandtes i evalueringen fra 2007. Remissionsraten for personer med depression ved behandlingsstart er 87 % målt med MDI. Patienters selvrapporterede effekt er 95 %. I opfølgningsgruppen har 89 % ingen depression 3 år efter afsluttet behandling, 56 % har oplevet mindst én ny...... for begge køn, og der ses et fald på 40 % for kvinder og 70 % for mænd over de givne 3 år. Tidsperspektivet er for denne gruppe mere relevant for overordnet vurdering, men der savnes en sammenligningsgruppe. Ifølge spørgeskemadata øges andelen af personer, der er i arbejde, selvforsørgelse eller på SU fra...