WorldWideScience

Sample records for aes posle avarii

  1. "Ne opravilsja jeshtsho posle grippa..." : [luuletused] / Aleksei Koroljov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koroljov, Aleksei

    2001-01-01

    Autor endast lk. 44. Sisu: "Ne opravilsja jeshtsho posle grippa..." ; "Tak plohho mne, kak ne bõlo davno..." ; "Vokrug tebja, kak satellit..." ; "Hotja i ne ossobenno ona..." ; Iz dnevnika ; Zdravõi smõsl ; "V ushko igolnoje prodenu..." ; "Zhenshtshine prostitelnõ nedostatki..." ; "Balagurja, taratorja..." "Kogda bõ sprava - rai..." ; 23-i skorõi ; "Velmozhi v rogozhe iz blazhi i drozhi..."

  2. AE 941.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-01-01

    AE 941 [Arthrovas, Neoretna, Psovascar] is shark cartilage extract that inhibits angiogenesis. AE 941 acts by blocking the two main pathways that contribute to the process of angiogenesis, matrix metalloproteases and the vascular endothelial growth factor signalling pathway. When initial development of AE 941 was being conducted, AEterna assigned the various indications different trademarks. Neovastat was used for oncology, Psovascar was used for dermatology, Neoretna was used for ophthalmology and Arthrovas was used for rheumatology. However, it is unclear if these trademarks will be used in the future and AEterna appears to only be using the Neovastat trademark in its current publications regardless of the indication. AEterna Laboratories signed commercialisation agreements with Grupo Ferrer Internacional SA of Spain and Medac GmbH of Germany in February 2001. Under the terms of the agreement, AEterna has granted exclusive commercialisation and distribution rights to AE 941 in oncology to Grupo Ferrer Internacional for the Southern European countries of France, Belgium, Spain, Greece, Portugal and Italy. It also has rights in Central and South America. Medac GmbH will have marketing rights in Germany, the UK, Scandinavia, Switzerland, Austria, Ireland, the Netherlands and Eastern Europe. In October 2002, AEterna Laboratories announced that it had signed an agreement with Australian healthcare products and services company Mayne Group for marketing AE 941 (as Neovastat) in Australia, New Zealand, Canada and Mexico. In March 2003, AEterna Laboratories announced it has signed an agreement with Korean based LG Life Sciences Ltd for marketing AE 941 (as Neovastat) in South Korea. The agreement provides AEterna with upfront and milestone payments, as well as a return on manufacturing and sales of AE 941. AEterna Laboratories had granted Alcon Laboratories an exclusive worldwide licence for AE 941 for ophthalmic products. However, this licence has been terminated. In

  3. Hardware Implementation of AES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aakrati Chaturvedi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Advanced Encryption Standard algorithm can be efficiently programmed in software and implemented in hardware. Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA devices are considered as efficient and cost effective solution for hardware. This research is in context to efficient hardware implementation of AES algorithm with language platform as VHDL (Very High Speed Integrated Circuit Hardware Description language. This research is in context to efficient hardware implementation of AES algorithm with 128-192-256 key all in one module with language platform as VHDL (Very High Speed Integrated Circuit Hardware Description language. The software part has been created, processed and simulated through Xilinx ISE 9.2. A compact design approach has been chosen to implement the algorithm with minimal hardware. As for hardware, Spartan 3AN family device (XC3S700A device is used

  4. AE3D

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2016-06-20

    AE3D solves for the shear Alfven eigenmodes and eigenfrequencies in a torodal magnetic fusion confinement device. The configuration can be either 2D (e.g. tokamak, reversed field pinch) or 3D (e.g. stellarator, helical reversed field pinch, tokamak with ripple). The equations solved are based on a reduced MHD model and sound wave coupling effects are not currently included.

  5. AES i ARM procesori

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danijela D. Protić

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Potreba za zaštitom informacija dovodi do velikih problema u izradi prenosivih uređaja kojima su limitirani snaga, memorija i energija. Ukoliko se takvim uređajima dodaju koprocesori, koji treba da obavljaju funkcije kriptozaštite, njihove se dimenzije povećavaju, pojavljuje se nefleksibilnost pa cena uređaja raste i do nekoliko puta. Na drugoj strani, algoritmi za zaštitu podataka su često memorijski zahtevni, a zbog velikog broja operacija koje je potrebno izvršavati u procesima šifrovanja i dešifrovanja, koprocesori često uspore rad osnovnog procesora. Za jedan od standarda za kriptozaštitu, AES, NIST je prihvatio Rijndaelov blokovski algoritam sa dužinom ulaznog i izlaznog bloka od 128 b, i dužinama šifarskog ključa od 128 b, 192 b i 256 b. Zbog karakteristika male potrošnje, 32-bitske arhitekture i brzog izvršavanja instrukcija, ARM procesori mogu da realizuju kriptozaštitu podataka, između ostalog i AES-om, a da ne opterete glavne procese u sistemima u kojima se koriste. Tehnologija ARM-a zaštićena je kao intelektualna svojina, pa je veliki broj proizvođača koristi za razvoj sopstvenih proizvoda, što je rezultovalo činjenicom da je u svetu proizvedeno preko 2 milijarde čipova koji su bazirani na ovoj tehnologiji. U radu su prikazane mogućnosti za poboljšanja u izvršenju algoritma AES primenom najnovijih verzija ARM procesora.

  6. References: AePW publications

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — This page is the repository for the publications resulting from the AePW. This includes the special sessions at conferences: AIAA ASM 2012, Grapevine TX; AIAA SDM...

  7. AE Recorder Characteristics and Development.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Partridge, Michael E. [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Curtis, Shane Keawe [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); McGrogan, David Paul [Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2016-11-01

    The Anomalous Environment Recorder (AE Recorder) provides a robust data recording capability for multiple high-shock applications including earth penetrators. The AE Recorder, packaged as a 2.4" di ameter cylinder 3" tall, acquires 12 accelerometer, 2 auxiliary, and 6 discrete signal channels at 250k samples / second. Recording depth is 213 seconds plus 75ms of pre-trigger data. The mechanical, electrical, and firmware are described as well as support electro nics designed for the first use of the recorder.

  8. Hábitos bucales deformantes y plano poslácteo en niños de 3 a 5 años Deforming oral habits and post-lactic plan in children aged 3-5

    OpenAIRE

    Pedro Carlos Alemán Sánchez; Damaris González Valdés; Laura Díaz Ortega; Yaima Delgado Díaz

    2007-01-01

    La succión digital, succión del tete, interposición lingual en reposo y en deglución, y la respiración bucal, son hábitos perjudiciales que interfieren en el patrón regular de crecimiento facial y pueden llegar a producir anomalías dento-maxilofaciales. Se realizó un estudio de corte o transversal para determinar la presencia de los hábitos bucales deformantes y la influencia de estos en el plano poslácteo. El universo de estudio estuvo constituido por 28 543 niños entre 3 y 5 años cumplidos,...

  9. Attacks and countermeasures on AES and ECC

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tange, Henrik; Andersen, Birger

    2013-01-01

    AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) is widely used in LTE and Wi-Fi communication systems. AES has recently been exposed to new attacks which have questioned the overall security of AES. The newest attack is a so called biclique attack, which is using the fact that the content of the state array...

  10. Posle zimnei spjatshki / Ljudmila Ljulko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ljulko, Ljudmila

    1998-01-01

    Tallinna kunstimuuseumide suvised lahtiolekuajad ja uusi näitusi nendes : klaasikunstnik Mare Saare (1955) tööd Adamson-Ericu muuseumis, uus ekspositsioon Kristjan ja Paul Raua loomingust Kr. Raua muuseumis, 70-ndate a-te tarbekunsti Tarbekunstimuuseumis, käsitöölaat Rocca al Mares.

  11. Range-preserving AE(0-spaces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W.W. Comfort

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available All spaces here are Tychonoff spaces. The class AE(0 consists of those spaces which are absolute extensors for compact zero-dimensional spaces. We define and study here the subclass AE(0rp, consisting of those spaces for which extensions of continuous functions can be chosen to have the same range. We prove these results. If each point of T 2 AE(0 is a G-point of T , then T 2 AE(0rp. These are equivalent: (a T 2 AE(0rp; (b every compact subspace of T is metrizable; (c every compact subspace of T is dyadic; and (d every subspace of T is AE(0. Thus in particular, every metrizable space is an AE(0rp-space.

  12. Attacks and countermeasures on AES and ECC

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tange, Henrik; Andersen, Birger

    2013-01-01

    AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) is widely used in LTE and Wi-Fi communication systems. AES has recently been exposed to new attacks which have questioned the overall security of AES. The newest attack is a so called biclique attack, which is using the fact that the content of the state array...... side-channels attacks can be applied to ECC. This paper reflects an ongoing research in the field of countermeasures against the attacks mentioned above....

  13. Chromosome isolation by flow sorting in Aegilops umbellulata and Ae. comosa and their allotetraploid hybrids Ae. biuncialis and Ae. geniculata.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    István Molnár

    Full Text Available This study evaluates the potential of flow cytometry for chromosome sorting in two wild diploid wheats Aegilops umbellulata and Ae. comosa and their natural allotetraploid hybrids Ae. biuncialis and Ae. geniculata. Flow karyotypes obtained after the analysis of DAPI-stained chromosomes were characterized and content of chromosome peaks was determined. Peaks of chromosome 1U could be discriminated in flow karyotypes of Ae. umbellulata and Ae. biuncialis and the chromosome could be sorted with purities exceeding 95%. The remaining chromosomes formed composite peaks and could be sorted in groups of two to four. Twenty four wheat SSR markers were tested for their position on chromosomes of Ae. umbellulata and Ae. comosa using PCR on DNA amplified from flow-sorted chromosomes and genomic DNA of wheat-Ae. geniculata addition lines, respectively. Six SSR markers were located on particular Aegilops chromosomes using sorted chromosomes, thus confirming the usefulness of this approach for physical mapping. The SSR markers are suitable for marker assisted selection of wheat-Aegilops introgression lines. The results obtained in this work provide new opportunities for dissecting genomes of wild relatives of wheat with the aim to assist in alien gene transfer and discovery of novel genes for wheat improvement.

  14. Dynamic AES – Extending the Lifetime?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tange, Henrik; Andersen, Birger

    2014-01-01

    proven that AES is vulnerable to side-channelattacks, related sub-key attacks and biclicque attacks. This paper introducesa new dynamic version of AES where the main flow is depending on theTNAF (τ -adic Non-Adjacent Form) value. This new approach can preventside-channel attacks, related sub-key attacks...

  15. Waveform Analysis of AE in Composites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prosser, William H.

    1998-01-01

    Advanced, waveform based acoustic emission (AE) techniques have been developed to evaluate damage mechanisms in the testing of composite materials. This approach, more recently referred to as Modal AE, provides an enhanced capability to discriminate and eliminate noise signals from those generated by damage mechanisms. Much more precise source location can also be obtained in comparison to conventional, threshold crossing arrival time determination techniques. Two successful examples of the application of Modal AE are presented in this work. In the first, the initiation of transverse matrix cracking in cross-ply, tensile coupons was monitored. In these tests, it was documented that the same source mechanism, matrix cracking, can produce widely different AE signal amplitudes dependent on laminate stacking sequence and thickness. These results, taken together with well known propagation effects of attenuation and dispersion of AE signals in composite laminates, cast further doubt on the validity of simple amplitude or amplitude distribution analysis for AE source determination. For the second example, delamination propagation in composite ring specimens was monitored. Pressurization of these composite rings is used to simulate the stresses in a composite rocket motor case. AE signals from delamination propagation were characterized by large amplitude flexural plate mode components which have long signal durations because of the large dispersion of this mode.

  16. New related-key rectangle attacks on reduced AES-192 and AES-256

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WEI YongZhuang; HU YuPu

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, we examine the security of reduced AES-192 and AES-256 against related-key rectangle attacks by exploiting the weakness in the AES key schedule. We find the following two new attacks: 9-round reduced AES-192 with 4 related keys, and 10-round reduced AES-256 with 4 related keys. Our results show that related-key rectangle attack with 4 related keys on 9-round reduced AES-192 requires a data complexity of about 2101 chosen plaintexts and a time complexity of about 2174.8 encryptions, and moreover, related-key rectangle attack with 4 related keys on 10-round reduced AES-256 requires a data complexity of about 297.5 chosen plaintexts and a time complexity of about 2254 encryptions. These attacks are the first known attacks on 9-round reduced AES-192 and 10-round reduced AES-256 with only 4 related keys. Furthermore, we give an improvement of the 10-round reduced AES-192 attack presented at FSE2007, which reduces both the data complexity and the time complexity.

  17. Calculating Auroral Oval Pattern by AE Index

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Anqin; LI Jiawei; YANG Guanglin; WANG Jingsong

    2008-01-01

    The relationship between the auroral oval pattern, i.e., location, size, shape, and intensity, and the auroral electrojet activity index (AE index) is studied. It is found that the maximal auroral intensity is elliptically distributed, and the lengths of semimajor and semiminor axes are positively correlated to AE.The intensity along the normal of the auroral oval can be satisfyingly described by a Gaussian distribution,and the maximum and the full width at half maximum of the Gaussian distribution are both positively correlated to AE. Based on these statistical results, a series of experimental formulas as a function of AE are developed to calculate the location, size, shape, and intensity of the auroral oval. These formulas are validated by the auroral images released by SWPC/NOAA.

  18. AE/VCE Confirmed Vernal Pools

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — This dataset is derived from a project by the Vermont Center for Ecostudies(VCE) and Arrowwood Environmental(AE) to map vernal pools throughout the state of Vermont....

  19. Masking a Compact AES S-box

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-08-07

    Lecture Notes in Computer Science , pages 309–18, 2001. [2] D. Canright. A very compact S-box for AES. In CHES2005, volume 3659 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science , pages...et al., editor, CHES2003, volume 2779 of Lecture Notes in Computer Science , pages 319–333. Springer, 2003. [4] Jovan Dj. Golić and Christophe Tymen...Multiplicative masking and power analysis of AES. In CHES 2002, volume 2523 of Lecture

  20. 15 CFR 758.2 - Automated Export System (AES).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Automated Export System (AES). 758.2... CLEARANCE REQUIREMENTS § 758.2 Automated Export System (AES). The Census Bureau's Foreign Trade Statistics...) electronically using the Automated Export System (AES). In order to use AES, you must apply directly to...

  1. Biclique cryptanalysis of the full AES

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bogdanov, Andrey; Khovratovich, Dmitry; Rechberger, Christian

    2011-01-01

    Since Rijndael was chosen as the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), improving upon 7-round attacks on the 128-bit key variant (out of 10 rounds) or upon 8-round attacks on the 192/256-bit key variants (out of 12/14 rounds) has been one of the most difficult challenges in the cryptanalysis of blo...... to a large extent. As our cryptanalysis is of high computational complexity, it does not threaten the practical use of AES in any way. © 2011 International Association for Cryptologic Research....

  2. [Modern spectral estimation of ICP-AES].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Z; Jia, Q; Liu, S; Guo, L; Chen, H; Zeng, X

    2000-06-01

    The inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) and its signal characteristics were discussed using modern spectral estimation technique. The power spectra density (PSD) was calculated using the auto-regression (AR) model of modern spectra estimation. The Levinson-Durbin recursion method was used to estimate the model parameters which were used for the PSD computation. The results obtained with actual ICP-AES spectra and measurements showed that the spectral estimation technique was helpful for the better understanding about spectral composition and signal characteristics.

  3. AES ALGORITHM IMPLEMENTATION IN PROGRAMMING LANGUAGES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luminiţa DEFTA

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Information encryption represents the usage of an algorithm to convert an unknown message into an encrypted one. It is used to protect the data against unauthorized access. Protected data can be stored on a media device or can be transmitted through the network. In this paper we describe a concrete implementation of the AES algorithm in the Java programming language (available from Java Development Kit 6 libraries and C (using the OpenSSL library. AES (Advanced Encryption Standard is an asymmetric key encryption algorithm formally adopted by the U.S. government and was elected after a long process of standardization.

  4. AE8/AP8 Implementations in AE9/AP9, IRBEM, and SPENVIS

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-02-18

    period applies to orbit generation only; AE8/AP8 utilizes geomagnetic field models from other epochs as specified in the table below.) SHIELDOSE2 model...Cain, J. C., S. J. Hendricks, R. A. Langel, and W. V. Hudson (1967), A proposed model for the international geomagnetic reference field, 1965, J...trapped particle fluxes with the NASA models AP-8 and AE-8, Radiat. Meas., 26, pp. 947-952. International Association of Geomagnetism and Aeronomy

  5. AES Water Architecture Study Interim Results

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarguisingh, Miriam J.

    2012-01-01

    The mission of the Advanced Exploration System (AES) Water Recovery Project (WRP) is to develop advanced water recovery systems in order to enable NASA human exploration missions beyond low earth orbit (LEO). The primary objective of the AES WRP is to develop water recovery technologies critical to near term missions beyond LEO. The secondary objective is to continue to advance mid-readiness level technologies to support future NASA missions. An effort is being undertaken to establish the architecture for the AES Water Recovery System (WRS) that meets both near and long term objectives. The resultant architecture will be used to guide future technical planning, establish a baseline development roadmap for technology infusion, and establish baseline assumptions for integrated ground and on-orbit environmental control and life support systems (ECLSS) definition. This study is being performed in three phases. Phase I of this study established the scope of the study through definition of the mission requirements and constraints, as well as indentifying all possible WRS configurations that meet the mission requirements. Phase II of this study focused on the near term space exploration objectives by establishing an ISS-derived reference schematic for long-duration (>180 day) in-space habitation. Phase III will focus on the long term space exploration objectives, trading the viable WRS configurations identified in Phase I to identify the ideal exploration WRS. The results of Phases I and II are discussed in this paper.

  6. AE Test of Calcareous Sands with Particle Rushing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tan Fengyi

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The particle of calcareous sands was forced to crush, then the energy from the crushing was released by the form of sound waves. Therefore the AE technique was used to detect the calcareous sands AE signal when it crushed. by to study the AE characteristics, the mechanics of calcareous sands was studied. Study showed that: (1 there was the AE activities on the low confining pressure condition at the beginnig of test, (2 there was more and more AE activities with the continuing of test until to the end, (3 the calcareous sands’ AE activities was on the whole testing, (4 the calcareous sands’ particle crushing and mutual friction played different roles for its AE activities. Then the AE model based on the calcarous sands’ particle crushing was discussed.

  7. 22 CFR 120.30 - The Automated Export System (AES).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false The Automated Export System (AES). 120.30... DEFINITIONS § 120.30 The Automated Export System (AES). The Automated Export System (AES) is the Department of... system for collection of export data for the Department of State. In accordance with this subchapter...

  8. A new processing method for the AE index

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG LingQian; LIU ZhenXing; MA ZhiWei; W. BAUMJOHANN; WU Jian; M. DUNLOP; SHI JianKui; LU Li; WANG JiYe

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, we introduce an effective processing method to acquire the time de-rivative of the AE index as e coefficient. Using this coefficient, the AE index can be divided into the four stages: quiet, ascending, descending and active stages. The statistical results show that the ascending and descending stages of the AE index are dominant and occupy two thirds of the whole period. An analysis of the rela-tionship between the occurrence frequencies of the Dst index end AE index in solar cycle 23 shows that the monthly variation of the occurrence frequencies of the ascending stage of AE is closely related to the decrease of the Dst index.

  9. A new processing method for the AE index

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    W.; BAUMJOHANN; M.; DUNLOP

    2008-01-01

    In this paper, we introduce an effective processing method to acquire the time de-rivative of the AE index as a coefficient. Using this coefficient, the AE index can be divided into the four stages: quiet, ascending, descending and active stages. The statistical results show that the ascending and descending stages of the AE index are dominant and occupy two thirds of the whole period. An analysis of the rela-tionship between the occurrence frequencies of the Dst index and AE index in solar cycle 23 shows that the monthly variation of the occurrence frequencies of the ascending stage of AE is closely related to the decrease of the Dst index.

  10. Chaotic appearance of the AE index

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shan, L.-H.; Hansen, P.; Goertz, C. K.; Smith, R. A.

    1991-01-01

    Results are reported from a stochastic analysis of a 5-day time series of the geomagnetic AE index during an active period. The original data, the power spectrum, and the autocorrelation function are shown, and the steps in the analysis are described in detail. It is found that the autocorrelation time scale is about 50 min, giving a correlation dimension (for the construction of a time series of m-dimensional vectors) of 2.4. This result is consistent with either colored-noise or deterministic-chaos magnetosphere models, indicating the need for further investigation.

  11. 撞瘪的AE86

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王非

    2009-01-01

    你有爱AE86的朋友?我信你有,谁都有。问问他们,AE86出演过什么电影?他们会先笑你,然后告诉你:当然是"头文字D"。是啊,他们当然是想跟你聊藤原拓海。忘了给你这样答案的朋友,跟他们自己想的不一样,他们一点都不酷。看起来,他们丝毫未经过1980-90以前的indie movie潮流洗礼。他们知道Vincent Gallo是谁吗?或者Jim Jarmusch,或者Lars von Trier,或者Gus Van Sant?就连这些基本项,他们都未必知道(Sean Penn出演Gus Van Sant的Milk,今年都有Oscar the best actor可拿,早已征服主流),遑论更小众更独立的电影人。

  12. Simulation and Experimental Investigation on the AE Tomography to Improve AE Source Location in the Concrete Structure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu Jiang

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Acoustic emission (AE tomography, which is based on the time-travel tomography with AE events as its signal sources, is a new visualization tool for inspecting and locating the internal damages in the structures. In this paper, AE tomography is applied to examine a man-made damage in a typical heterogeneous concrete structure to validate its effectiveness. Firstly, the finite element (ABAQUS/Explicit simulation model of the concrete structure with one damaged circle in its center is built, and the simulated AE signals are obtained to establish the AE tomography. The results show that the damaged circle in the created model can be visualized clearly with the AE tomography in its original location. Secondly, the concrete specimen based on the FE model is fabricated, and the pencil lead break (PLB signal is taken as the exciting source for AE tomography. It is shown that the experimental results have good consistency with the FE simulation results, which also verifies the feasibility of the finite element model for AE tomography. Finally, the damage source location based on AE tomography is compared with the traditional time of arrival (TOA location method, and the better location accuracy is obtained with the AE tomography. The research results indicate that AE tomography has great potential in the application of structure damage detection.

  13. PDS 144: The First Confirmed Herbig Ae - Herbig Ae Wide Binary

    CERN Document Server

    Hornbeck, J B; Perrin, M D; Wisniewski, J P; Tofflemire, B M; Brown, A; Holtzman, J A; Arraki, K; Hamaguchi, K; Woodgate, B; Petre, R; Daly, B; Grogin, N A; Bonfield, D G; Williger, G M; Lauroesch, J T; 10.1088/0004-637X/744/1/54

    2012-01-01

    PDS 144 is a pair of Herbig Ae stars that are separated by 5.35" on the sky. It has previously been shown to have an A2Ve Herbig Ae star viewed at 83\\circ inclination as its northern member and an A5Ve Herbig Ae star as its southern member. Direct imagery revealed a disk occulting PDS 144 N - the first edge-on disk observed around a Herbig Ae star. The lack of an obvious disk in direct imagery suggested PDS 144 S might be viewed face-on or not physically associated with PDS 144 N. Multi-epoch Hubble Space Telescope imagery of PDS 144 with a 5 year baseline demonstrates PDS 144 N & S are comoving and have a common proper motion with TYC 6782-878-1. TYC 6782-878-1 has previously been identified as a member of Upper Sco sub-association A at d = 145 \\pm 2 pc with an age of 5-10 Myr. Ground-based imagery reveals jets and a string of Herbig-Haro knots extending 13' (possibly further) which are aligned to within 7\\circ \\pm 6\\circ on the sky. By combining proper motion data and the absence of a dark mid-plane wit...

  14. Atomic-AES: A compact implementation of the AES encryption/decryption core

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Banik, Subhadeep; Bogdanov, Andrey; Regazzoni, Francesco

    2016-01-01

    The implementation of the AES encryption core by Moradi et al. at Eurocrypt 2011 is one of the smallest in terms of gate area. The circuit takes around 2400 gates and operates on an 8 bit datapath. However this is an encryption only core and unable to cater to block cipher modes like CBC and ELm...

  15. BOREAS AES Campbell Scientific Surface Meteorological Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atkinson, G. Barrie; Funk, Barrie; Knapp. David E. (Editor); Hall, Forrest G. (Editor)

    2000-01-01

    Canadian AES personnel collected data related to surface and atmospheric meteorological conditions over the BOREAS region. This data set contains 15-minute meteorological data from 14 automated meteorology stations located across the BOREAS region. Included in this data are parameters of date, time, mean sea level pressure, station pressure, temperature, dew point, wind speed, resultant wind speed, resultant wind direction, peak wind, precipitation, maximum temperature in the last hour, minimum temperature in the last hour, pressure tendency, liquid precipitation in the last hour, relative humidity, precipitation from a weighing gauge, and snow depth. Temporally, the data cover the period of August 1993 to December 1996. The data are provided in tabular ASCII files, and are classified as AFM-Staff data.

  16. Energy efficiency analysis and implementation of AES on an FPGA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenney, David

    The Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) was developed by Joan Daemen and Vincent Rjimen and endorsed by the National Institute of Standards and Technology in 2001. It was designed to replace the aging Data Encryption Standard (DES) and be useful for a wide range of applications with varying throughput, area, power dissipation and energy consumption requirements. Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGAs) are flexible and reconfigurable integrated circuits that are useful for many different applications including the implementation of AES. Though they are highly flexible, FPGAs are often less efficient than Application Specific Integrated Circuits (ASICs); they tend to operate slower, take up more space and dissipate more power. There have been many FPGA AES implementations that focus on obtaining high throughput or low area usage, but very little research done in the area of low power or energy efficient FPGA based AES; in fact, it is rare for estimates on power dissipation to be made at all. This thesis presents a methodology to evaluate the energy efficiency of FPGA based AES designs and proposes a novel FPGA AES implementation which is highly flexible and energy efficient. The proposed methodology is implemented as part of a novel scripting tool, the AES Energy Analyzer, which is able to fully characterize the power dissipation and energy efficiency of FPGA based AES designs. Additionally, this thesis introduces a new FPGA power reduction technique called Opportunistic Combinational Operand Gating (OCOG) which is used in the proposed energy efficient implementation. The AES Energy Analyzer was able to estimate the power dissipation and energy efficiency of the proposed AES design during its most commonly performed operations. It was found that the proposed implementation consumes less energy per operation than any previous FPGA based AES implementations that included power estimations. Finally, the use of Opportunistic Combinational Operand Gating on an AES cipher

  17. Acoustic Emissions (AE) Electrical Systems' Health Monitoring Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Acoustic Emissions (AE) are associated with physical events, such as thermal activity, dielectric breakdown, discharge inception, as well as crack nucleation and...

  18. Multiple Lookup Table-Based AES Encryption Algorithm Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gong, Jin; Liu, Wenyi; Zhang, Huixin

    Anew AES (Advanced Encryption Standard) encryption algorithm implementation was proposed in this paper. It is based on five lookup tables, which are generated from S-box(the substitution table in AES). The obvious advantages are reducing the code-size, improving the implementation efficiency, and helping new learners to understand the AES encryption algorithm and GF(28) multiplication which are necessary to correctly implement AES[1]. This method can be applied on processors with word length 32 or above, FPGA and others. And correspondingly we can implement it by VHDL, Verilog, VB and other languages.

  19. PDS 144: The First Confirmed Herbig Ae-Herbig Ae Wide Binary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hornbeck, J. B.; Grady, C. A.; Perrin, M. D.; Wisniewski, J. P.; Tofflemire, B. M.; Brown, A.; Holtzman, J. A.; Arraki, K.; Hamaguchi, K.; Woodgate, B.; Petre, R.; Daly, B.; Grogin, N. A.; Bonfield, D. G.; Williger, G. M.; Lauroesch, J. T.

    2012-01-01

    PDS 144 is a pair of Herbig Ae stars that are separated by 5farcs35 on the sky. It has previously been shown to have an A2Ve Herbig Ae star viewed at 83° inclination as its northern member and an A5Ve Herbig Ae star as its southern member. Direct imagery revealed a disk occulting PDS 144 N—the first edge-on disk observed around a Herbig Ae star. The lack of an obvious disk in direct imagery suggested PDS 144 S might be viewed face-on or not physically associated with PDS 144 N. Multi-epoch Hubble Space Telescope imagery of PDS 144 with a 5 year baseline demonstrates PDS 144 N & S are comoving and have a common proper motion with TYC 6782-878-1. TYC 6782-878-1 has previously been identified as a member of Upper Sco sub-association A at d = 145 ± 2 pc with an age of 5-10 Myr. Ground-based imagery reveals jets and a string of Herbig-Haro knots extending 13' (possibly further) which are aligned to within 7° ± 6° on the sky. By combining proper motion data and the absence of a dark mid-plane with radial velocity data, we measure the inclination of PDS 144 S to be i = 73° ± 7°. The radial velocity of the jets from PDS 144 N & S indicates they, and therefore their disks, are misaligned by 25° ± 9°. This degree of misalignment is similar to that seen in T Tauri wide binaries.

  20. 山羊草Aegilops kotschyi及其供体种Ae.longissima和Ae.umbellulata的醇溶蛋白研究%Gliadin Variations in Aegilops kotschyi and its Progentiors Ae. longissima and Ae. umbellulata

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李霞; 郑有良; 刘登才; 颜泽洪

    2003-01-01

    采用酸性聚丙烯酰胺凝胶电泳(APAGE)法对11份Aegilops kotschyi及其S1染色体组供体种Ae.longissima2份和U染色体组供体种Ae.umbellulata6份进行了醇溶蛋白位点的研究.结果表明:11份Ae.kotschyi共分离出32条带,31条具有多态性,占96.88%,每份材料可以分离出10~17条谱带,其中仅1条(3.12%)是共有带;11份Ae.kotschyi的遗传距离的变异范围在0~0.704之间,平均为0.409;11份Ae.kotschyi分离出的多数醇溶蛋白谱带均与其染色体组供体种Ae.longissi-ma及Ae.umbellulata相同,但仍有8条谱带未在两供体种中找到;11份Ae.kotschyi的醇溶蛋白多态性(96.88%)明显高于Ae.longissima(52.94%)与Ae.umbellulata(88.89%);11份Ae.kotschyi中有4份表现出了一定的特征带,分析知可能在γ区发生了较大的变异.

  1. Accretion Rates in Herbig Ae stars

    CERN Document Server

    López, R G; Testi, L; Habart, E

    2006-01-01

    Accretion rates from disks around pre-main sequence stars are of importance for our understanding of planetary formation and disk evolution. We provide in this paper estimates of the mass accretion rates in the disks around a large sample of Herbig Ae stars. We obtained medium resolution 2 micron spectra and used the results to compute values of Macc from the measured luminosity of the Br_gamma emission line, using a well established correlation between L(Br_gamma) and the accretion luminosity Lacc. We find that 80% of the stars, all of which have evidence of an associated circumstellar disk, are accreting matter, with rates 3x10^{-9} 10^{-7} Msun/yr. In most HAe stars the accretion rate is sufficiently low that the gas in the inner disk, inside the dust evaporation radius, is optically thin and does not prevent the formation of a puffed-up rim, where dust is directly exposed to the stellar radiation. When compared to the Macc values found for lower-mass stars in the star forming regions Taurus and Ophiuchus,...

  2. The global compendium of Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus occurrence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraemer, Moritz U. G.; Sinka, Marianne E.; Duda, Kirsten A.; Mylne, Adrian; Shearer, Freya M.; Brady, Oliver J.; Messina, Jane P.; Barker, Christopher M.; Moore, Chester G.; Carvalho, Roberta G.; Coelho, Giovanini E.; van Bortel, Wim; Hendrickx, Guy; Schaffner, Francis; Wint, G. R. William; Elyazar, Iqbal R. F.; Teng, Hwa-Jen; Hay, Simon I.

    2015-07-01

    Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus are the main vectors transmitting dengue and chikungunya viruses. Despite being pathogens of global public health importance, knowledge of their vectors’ global distribution remains patchy and sparse. A global geographic database of known occurrences of Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus between 1960 and 2014 was compiled. Herein we present the database, which comprises occurrence data linked to point or polygon locations, derived from peer-reviewed literature and unpublished studies including national entomological surveys and expert networks. We describe all data collection processes, as well as geo-positioning methods, database management and quality-control procedures. This is the first comprehensive global database of Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus occurrence, consisting of 19,930 and 22,137 geo-positioned occurrence records respectively. Both datasets can be used for a variety of mapping and spatial analyses of the vectors and, by inference, the diseases they transmit.

  3. Some aspects of AE application in tool condition monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jemielniak

    2000-03-01

    Acoustic emission (AE) is rather a well-known form of non-destructive testing. In the last few years the technology of the AE measurement has been expanded to cover the area of tool condition monitoring. The paper presents some experience of Warsaw University of Technology (WUT) in such applications of AE. It provides an interpretation of common AE signal distortions and possible solutions to avoid them. Furthermore, a characteristic study of several different AE and ultrasonic sensors being used in WUT is furnished. Evaluation of the applicability of some basic measures of acoustic emission for tool condition monitoring is also presented in the paper. Finally paper presents a method of the catastrophic tool failure detection in turning, which uses symptoms other than the direct magnitude AERMS signal. The method is based on the statistical analysis of the distributions of the AERMS signal.

  4. Gene flow between wheat and wild relatives: empirical evidence from Aegilops geniculata, Ae. neglecta and Ae. triuncialis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arrigo, Nils; Guadagnuolo, Roberto; Lappe, Sylvain; Pasche, Sophie; Parisod, Christian; Felber, François

    2011-09-01

    Gene flow between domesticated species and their wild relatives is receiving growing attention. This study addressed introgression between wheat and natural populations of its wild relatives (Aegilops species). The sampling included 472 individuals, collected from 32 Mediterranean populations of three widespread Aegilops species (Aegilops geniculata, Ae. neglecta and Ae. triuncialis) and compared wheat field borders to areas isolated from agriculture. Individuals were characterized with amplified fragment length polymorphism fingerprinting, analysed through two computational approaches (i.e. Bayesian estimations of admixture and fuzzy clustering), and sequences marking wheat-specific insertions of transposable elements. With this combined approach, we detected substantial gene flow between wheat and Aegilops species. Specifically, Ae. neglecta and Ae. triuncialis showed significantly more admixed individuals close to wheat fields than in locations isolated from agriculture. In contrast, little evidence of gene flow was found in Ae. geniculata. Our results indicated that reproductive barriers have been regularly bypassed during the long history of sympatry between wheat and Aegilops.

  5. Reconfigurable Secure Video Codec Based on DWT and AES Processor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rached Tourki

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we proposed a secure video codec based on the discrete wavelet transformation (DWT and the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES processor. Either, use of video coding with DWT or encryption using AES is well known. However, linking these two designs to achieve secure video coding is leading. The contributions of our work are as follows. First, a new method for image and video compression is proposed. This codec is a synthesis of JPEG and JPEG2000,which is implemented using Huffman coding to the JPEG and DWT to the JPEG2000. Furthermore, an improved motion estimation algorithm is proposed. Second, the encryptiondecryption effects are achieved by the AES processor. AES is aim to encrypt group of LL bands. The prominent feature of this method is an encryption of LL bands by AES-128 (128-bit keys, or AES-192 (192-bit keys, or AES-256 (256-bit keys.Third, we focus on a method that implements partial encryption of LL bands. Our approach provides considerable levels of security (key size, partial encryption, mode encryption, and has very limited adverse impact on the compression efficiency. The proposed codec can provide up to 9 cipher schemes within a reasonable software cost. Latency, correlation, PSNR and compression rate results are analyzed and shown.

  6. Novel Frequency Hopping Sequences Generator Based on AES Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李振荣; 庄奕琪; 张博; 张超

    2010-01-01

    A novel frequency hopping(FH) sequences generator based on advanced encryption standard(AES) iterated block cipher is proposed for FH communication systems.The analysis shows that the FH sequences based on AES algorithm have good performance in uniformity, correlation, complexity and security.A high-speed, low-power and low-cost ASIC of FH sequences generator is implemented by optimizing the structure of S-Box and MixColumns of AES algorithm, proposing a hierarchical power management strategy, and applying ...

  7. Validation and empirical correction of MODIS AOTand AE over ocean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. A. J. Schutgens

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available We present a validation study of Coll. 5 MODIS level 2 Aqua and Terra AOT and AE over ocean by comparison to coastal and island AERONET sites for the years 2003–2009. We show that MODIS AOT exhibits significant biases due to windspeed and cloudiness of the observed scene, while MODIS AE although overall unbiased, exhibits less spatial contrast on global scales than the AERONET observations. The same behaviour can be seen when MODIS AOT is compared against marine AERONET data, suggesting that the spatial coverage of our datasets does not preclude global conclusions. Thus, we develop empirical correction formulae for MODIS AOT and AE that signifcantly improve agreement of MODIS and AERONET observations. We show these correction formulae to be robust. Finally, we study random errors in the corrected MODIS AOT and AE and show that they mainly depend on AOT itself, although small contributions are present due to windspeed and cloud-fraction in AOT random errors and due to Ångström exponent and cloud fraction in AE random errors. Our analysis yields significantly higher random AOT errors than the official MODIS error estimate (0.03 + 0.05 τ, while random AE errors are smaller than might be expected. We interpret these findings in reference to the MODIS retrieval algorithm. This new dataset of bias-corrected MODIS AOT and AE over ocean is intended for aerosol model validation and assimilation studies, but also has consequences as a stand-alone observational product. For instance, the corrected dataset suggests that much less fine mode aerosol is transported across the Pacific and Atlantic oceans.

  8. A scaling relationship between AE and natural earthquakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshimitsu, N.; Kawakata, H.; Takahashi, N.

    2013-12-01

    Micro fracture which occurs during rock fracture experiments are called acoustic emission (AE), and it help us to understand detailed processes of fault growth. However, it was unclear whether AE can be considered as a small earthquake or not. Usually, the seismic moment and the corner frequency are used for characterizing source property. It has been reported that the seismic moment is inversely proportional to the cube of corner frequency for natural earthquakes (with magnitude higher than ~ -4). In this study, we examine continuity of this relationship toward smaller magnitude of AE (around magnitude -8), estimating the source parameters of AE. Previously, it was impossible to record AE waveforms by broadband transducers under tri-axial conditions due to lack of pressure seal mechanism. Here we achieved protection of broadband transducers to use them under high pressure environments. This achievement enabled us to do spectral analysis of AE. At the same time, we also achieved multi-channel continuous recording with a high sampling rate, so as not to miss some events smaller than threshold or hide some events behind the mask times by triggered recording. We prepared a cylindrical Westerly granite sample, 50 mm in diameter and 100 mm in height. Sealed nine broadband transducers (sensitive range; 100 kHz - 2000 kHz) were attached on the sample surface. High sampling recording as 20 MS/s per channel was continued, during tri-axial loading (confining pressure: 10 MPa) which was continued to be controlled even after the peak strength. More than 6000 hypocenters were estimated from all pick data during the experiment. We clustered events around the peak strength, so that their differences of hypocenter locations were shorter than 2 mm and their cross correlation values for more than four channels were higher than 0.8. Then, we analyzed two of the largest clusters. After calibrating transducer response, we obtained displacement spectra for S waves, and estimated their

  9. Numerical and experimental characterizations of low frequency MEMS AE sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saboonchi, Hossain; Ozevin, Didem

    2013-04-01

    In this paper, new MEMS Acoustic Emission (AE) sensors are introduced. The transduction principle of the sensors is capacitance due to gap change. The sensors are numerically modeled using COMSOL Multiphysics software in order to estimate the resonant frequencies and capacitance values, and manufactured using MetalMUMPS process. The process includes thick metal layer (20 μm) made of nickel for freely vibration layer and polysilicon layer as the stationary layer. The metal layer provides a relatively heavy mass so that the spring constant can be designed high for low frequency sensor designs in order to increase the collapse voltage level (proportional to the stiffness), which increases the sensor sensitivity. An insulator layer is deposited between stationary layer and freely vibration layer, which significantly reduces the potential of stiction as a failure mode. As conventional AE sensors made of piezoelectric materials cannot be designed for low frequencies (vacuum packaging. The MEMS sensor responses are compared with similar frequency piezoelectric AE sensors.

  10. Shaft Crack Identification Based on Vibration and AE Signals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenxiu Lu

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The shaft crack is one of the main serious malfunctions that often occur in rotating machinery. However, it is difficult to locate the crack and determine the depth of the crack. In this paper, the acoustic emission (AE signal and vibration response are used to diagnose the crack. The wavelet transform is applied to AE signal to decompose into a series of time-domain signals, each of which covers a specific octave frequency band. Then an improved union method based on threshold and cross-correlation method is applied to detect the location of the shaft crack. The finite element method is used to build the model of the cracked rotor, and the crack depth is identified by comparing the vibration response of experiment and simulation. The experimental results show that the AE signal is effective and convenient to locate the shaft crack, and the vibration signal is feasible to determine the depth of shaft crack.

  11. A model with nonzero rise time for AE signals

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    M A Majeed; C R L Murthy

    2001-10-01

    Acoustic emission (AE) signals are conventionally modelled as damped or decaying sinusoidal functions. A major drawback of this model is its negligible or zero rise time. This paper proposes an alternative model, which provides for the rising part of the signal without sacrificing the analytical tractability and simplicity of the conventional model. Signals obtained from the proposed model through computer programs are illustrated for demonstrating their parity with actual AE signals. Analytic expressions for the time-domain parameters, viz., peak amplitude and rise time used in conventional AE signal analysis, are also derived. The model is believed to be also of use in modelling the output signal of any transducer that has finite rise time and fall time.

  12. Meteosat Images Encryption based on AES and RSA Algorithms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boukhatem Mohammed Belkaid

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Satellite image Security is playing a vital role in the field of communication system and Internet. This work is interested in securing transmission of Meteosat images on the Internet, in public or local networks. To enhance the security of Meteosat transmission in network communication, a hybrid encryption algorithm based on Advanced Encryption Standard (AES and Rivest Shamir Adleman (RSA algorithms is proposed. AES algorithm is used for data transmission because of its higher efficiency in block encryption and RSA algorithm is used for the encryption of the key of the AES because of its management advantages in key cipher. Our encryption system generates a unique password every new session of encryption. Cryptanalysis and various experiments have been carried out and the results were reported in this paper, which demonstrate the feasibility and flexibility of the proposed scheme.

  13. AM/AE/AA三元共聚物的合成%Synthesis of AM/AE/AA tercopolymer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳华; 杨军; 吴晓艺

    2000-01-01

    以烷基酚聚氧乙烯醚合成了丙烯酸酯活性大单体(AE);以水为溶剂,过硫酸成了AM/AE/AA(丙烯酸酯/活性大单体/丙烯酸)的共聚物表面活性剂并讨论了反应条件对共聚,物表面活性剂性质的影响。结果表明,合成的AM/AE/AA共聚物具有较高的表面活性.%A surface-active macromonomer of poly(oxylethylene alkylphenyl ether)acrylate was prepared with poly(oxylethylene alkylphenyl ether)and acrylic acid.A copolymer surfactant(AM/AE/AA)of poly(oxylethylene alkylpheny ether)acrylate(AE),acrylamide(AM)and acrylic acid(AA)was synthesized using K2S2O8 as initiation and water as solution.The effects of reaction conditions on the properties of surfactant was discussed.It was found that the copolymer of AM/AE/AA exhibited higher surface activity.

  14. Security of the AES with a Secret S-Box

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tiessen, Tyge; Knudsen, Lars Ramkilde; Kölbl, Stefan

    2015-01-01

    How does the security of the AES change when the S-box is replaced by a secret S-box, about which the adversary has no knowledge? Would it be safe to reduce the number of encryption rounds? In this paper, we demonstrate attacks based on integral cryptanalysis which allow to recover both the secret...... key and the secret S-box for respectively four, five, and six rounds of the AES. Despite the significantly larger amount of secret information which an adversary needs to recover, the attacks are very efficient with time/data complexities of 217/216, 238/240 and 290/264, respectively. Another...

  15. A clash of cultures: A&E and mental health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crowley, J J

    2000-01-01

    Accident and emergency (A&E) departments have attracted little attention from psychiatric services, with the exception of emergencies and the management of self harm. Emergency staff gravitate towards those attenders with concrete physical needs, typifying mental health attenders as low status. The aim of this project, which took place over a 12 month period, was to improve the quality of care provided to persons attending an A&E department with mental health needs, through a staff development programme. It was initiated for the generic A&E nurse with no formal training in mental health care. The programme was based on knowledge generated through a collaborative approach using an action research process. This article particularly focuses on the mindsets, values and strategies which evolved through the study. The project indicated that facets of the A&E culture such as staff values, technology, communication patterns and the environment give mental health a low status. Conflict is generated between the individual and the macro culture, dominated by the excitement of trauma care and the short-term, immediate nature of the work.

  16. The Herbig Ae SB2 system HD 104237

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cowley C. R.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We present here the most recent abundance analysis of this Herbig Ae system based on high-resolution UVES and HARPS spectra and the results of our magnetic field measurements using high-resolution spectra obtained with HARPSpol.

  17. AES/STEM grain boundary analysis of stabilized zirconia ceramics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Winnubst, Aloysius J.A.; Kroot, P.J.M.; Burggraaf, A.J.

    1983-01-01

    Semiquantitative Auger Electron Spectroscopy (AES) on pure monophasic (ZrO2)0.83(YO1.5)0.17 was used to determine the chemical composition of the grain boundaries. Grain boundary enrichment with Y was observed with an enrichment factor of about 1.5. The difference in activation energy of the ionic

  18. The applicability of Aes commercial and naval ships

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nienhuis, U. [Netheerlands Institute for Maritime Research (Netherlands); Dingemanse, R.P. [Imtech Marine and Industry (Netherlands); Van Vugt, J. [TNO-Bouw/CMC (Netherlands); Cock, J. de [HMA Power Systems (Netherlands); Boonstra, H. [Delf Univ. of Technology (Netherlands); Van der Ploeg, B. [Royal Netherlands Navy (Netherlands)

    2000-07-01

    The paper presents the main findings of the recently completed Dutch national study on All Electric Ships. The study aimed to identify and quantify the pros and cons of AES for commercial and naval ships. In the course of the study a general model, called GES, was developed to assess the (financial) consequences of AES. The model allows for the definition of arbitrary power plant concepts, irrespective of their nature. An estimate of future developments was included to gauge the evolution of the cost-benefit balance of AES. With the help of this model, a number of ships were investigated relative to their suitability for AFS. The paper presents the employed evaluation tool in some detail. Further the main findings for some of the ships are presented. The general applicability of the all-electric concept for ships is dealt with, and the most promising candidates are singled out. The authors also review the main development work remaining for AES to take off for a wide range of ships. (authors)

  19. Practical Attacks on AES-like Cryptographic Hash Functions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kölbl, Stefan; Rechberger, Christian

    2015-01-01

    Despite the great interest in rebound attacks on AES-like hash functions since 2009, we report on a rather generic, albeit keyschedule-dependent, algorithmic improvement: A new message modification technique to extend the inbound phase, which even for large internal states makes it possible to dr...

  20. Ultra-low power S-Boxes architecture for AES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XING Ji-peng; ZOU Xue-cheng; GUO Xu

    2008-01-01

    It is crucial to design energy-efficient advancedcncryption standard (AES) cryptography for low power embeddedsystems powered by limited battery. Since the S-Boxes consumemuch of the total AES circuit power, an efficient approach toreducing the AES power consumption consists in reducing theS-Boxes power consumption. Among various implementationsof S-Boxes, the most energy-efficient one is the decoder-switch-encoder (DSE) architecture. In this paper, we refine the DSEarchitecture and propose one faster, more compact S-Boxesarchitecture of lower power: an improved and full-balanced DSEarchitecture. This architecture achieves low power consumptionof 68 μW at 10 MHz using 0.25 μm 1.8V UMC CMOStechnology. Compared with the original DSE S-Boxes, it furtherreduces the delay, gate count and power consumption by 8%,14% and 10% respectively. At the sane time, simulation resultsshow that the improved DSE S-Boxes has the best performanceamong various S-Boxes architectures in terms of power-areaproduct and power-delay product, and it is optimal forimplementing low power AES cryptography.

  1. Near-Earth bursty bulk flows and AE index

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG LingQian; SHI JianKui; LIU ZhenXing; W BAUMJOHANN; MA ZhiWei; M. W. DUNLOP; C. CARR; H. REME

    2008-01-01

    With the 4-s resolution data of the magnetometer and the ion plasma analyzer on TC-1 from June to November of each year during the period of 2004-2006, we statistically analyzed the occurrence rate of both convective and field-aligned bursty flows (FABFs). A near-Earth bursty bulk flow (NEBBF) occurred during both the quiet time and substorm process. In general, the magnetic field and the plasma density began oscillating with the appearance of the NEBBF associated with a distinct increase of the AE index. The increase of AE index during the NEBBF was more than 100 nT in both quiet time and substorm process. The statistical analysis indicated that the occurrence rates of the FABFs were nearly the same in the dif-ferent stages of the AE index, but the occurrence rate of the NEBBFs was much higher in the growth stage of the AE index, indicating that the NEBBFs were di-rectly related to the growth and expansion phases of the substorm. The observa-tions suggested that the quite large number of BBFs from the mid magnetotail could enter into the near-Earth tail and play important role in triggering the sub-storm onset.

  2. Enhanced ATM Security using Biometric Authentication and Wavelet Based AES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sreedharan Ajish

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The traditional ATM terminal customer recognition systems rely only on bank cards, passwords and such identity verification methods are not perfect and functions are too single. Biometrics-based authentication offers several advantages over other authentication methods, there has been a significant surge in the use of biometrics for user authentication in recent years. This paper presents a highly secured ATM banking system using biometric authentication and wavelet based Advanced Encryption Standard (AES algorithm. Two levels of security are provided in this proposed design. Firstly we consider the security level at the client side by providing biometric authentication scheme along with a password of 4-digit long. Biometric authentication is achieved by considering the fingerprint image of the client. Secondly we ensure a secured communication link between the client machine to the bank server using an optimized energy efficient and wavelet based AES processor. The fingerprint image is the data for encryption process and 4-digit long password is the symmetric key for the encryption process. The performance of ATM machine depends on ultra-high-speed encryption, very low power consumption, and algorithmic integrity. To get a low power consuming and ultra-high speed encryption at the ATM machine, an optimized and wavelet based AES algorithm is proposed. In this system biometric and cryptography techniques are used together for personal identity authentication to improve the security level. The design of the wavelet based AES processor is simulated and the design of the energy efficient AES processor is simulated in Quartus-II software. Simulation results ensure its proper functionality. A comparison among other research works proves its superiority.

  3. The AES/EBU Digital Audio Transmission Standard%AES/EBU数字音频传输标准

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯书婷; 杨宇; 徐品

    2014-01-01

    In order to ensure that all kinds of digital audio equipment in the studio to be connected to each other and transmitting data securely,the AES/ EBU ( audio engineering association/European broadcast-ing union) formulated the AES/ EBU digital audio interface standard and revised it in 1992. The standard has become a popular professional digital audio standard. This paper mainly introduces the standard in de-tail.%为了保证演播室中各种数字音频设备之间能够相互连接并且安全的传输数据,AES/EBU(声频工程协会/欧洲广播联盟)制定了AES/EBU数字音频接口标准并于1992对它进行重新修订。该标准现已成为专业数字音频较为流行的标准。本文主要对该标准进行详细的介绍。

  4. On the origin of the peculiar cataclysmic variable AE Aquarii

    CERN Document Server

    Beskrovnaya, N G

    2014-01-01

    The nova-like variable AE Aquarii is a close binary system containing a red dwarf and a magnetized white dwarf rotating with the period of 33 seconds. A short spin period of the white dwarf is caused by an intensive mass exchange between the system components during a previous epoch. We show that a high rate of disk accretion onto the white dwarf surface resulted in temporary screening of its magnetic field and spin-up of the white dwarf to its present spin period. Transition of the white dwarf to the ejector state occurred at a final stage of the spin-up epoch after its magnetic field had emerged from the accreted plasma due to diffusion. In the frame of this scenario AE Aqr represents a missing link in the chain of Polars evolution and the white dwarf resembles a recycled pulsar.

  5. Formation of wormlike micelles in anionic surfactant AES aqueous solutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The growth and structure of anionic micelles of sodium dodecyl trioxyethylene sulfate (AES) in the presence 3+of multivalent counterion Al were investigated by means of dynamic rheological methods. It has been obtained by the measurements of shear viscosity, complex viscosity and dynamic moduli, as well as the application of Cox-Merz rule and Cole-Cole plot that wormlike micelle and network structure could be formed in AES/AlCl3 aqueous solutions.The structure was of a character of nonlinear viscoelastic fluid and departure from the simple Maxwell model. The technique of freeze-fracture transmission electron microscopy (FF-TEM) was also used to confirm the formation of this interesting structure.``

  6. Magnetic fields of Herbig Ae/Be stars

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hubrig S.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available We report on the status of our spectropolarimetric studies of Herbig Ae/Be stars carried out during the last years. The magnetic field geometries of these stars, investigated with spectropolarimetric time series, can likely be described by centred dipoles with polar magnetic field strengths of several hundred Gauss. A number of Herbig Ae/Be stars with detected magnetic fields have recently been observed with X-shooter in the visible and the near-IR, as well as with the high-resolution near-IR spectrograph CRIRES. These observations are of great importance to understand the relation between the magnetic field topology and the physics of the accretion flow and the accretion disk gas emission.

  7. Two Methods of AES Implementation Based on CPLD/FPGA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘常澍; 彭艮鹏; 王晓卓

    2004-01-01

    This paper describes two single-chip--complex programmable logic devices/field programmable gate arrays(CPLD/FPGA)--implementations of the new advanced encryption standard (AES) algorithm based on the basic iteration architecture (design [A]) and the hybrid pipelining architecture (design [B]). Design [A] is an encryption-and-decryption implementation based on the basic iteration architecture. This design not only supports 128-bit, 192-bit, 256-bit keys, but saves hardware resources because of the iteration architecture and sharing technology. Design [B] is a method of the 2×2 hybrid pipelining architecture. Based on the AES interleaved mode of operation, the design successfully accomplishes the algorithm, which operates in the feedback mode (cipher block chaining). It not only guarantees security of encryption/decryption, but obtains high data throughput of 1.05 Gb/s. The two designs have been realized on Aitera's EP20k300EBC652-1 devices.

  8. Implementation of Multi Mode AES Algorithm Using Verilog

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P Penchala Reddy

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Increasing need of high security in communication led to the development of several cryptographic algorithms hence sending data securely over a transmission link is critically important in many applications. NIST in the beginning selected Rijndael within October 2000 and formal adoption as being the AES standard started in December 2001. FIPS PUB 197 explains a 128-bit block cipher making Ause of a 128, 192, or 256-bit key. In cryptography, modes of operation enable the repeated and secure use of a block cipher under a single key. This paper presents implementation of multi mode AES algorithm with three modes ECB, CBC and CTR modes. All these three modes are implemented with 128-bit plain text and 128 bit, 192 bit and 256 bit key lengths. Each program results are verified with ModelSim PE and are synthesized in Xilinx ISE 9.2i. These results are also useful for implementing hardware.

  9. AES Encryption and Decryption Using Direct3D 10 API

    CERN Document Server

    Chiuta, Adrian Marius

    2012-01-01

    Current video cards (GPUs - Graphics Processing Units) are very programmable, have become much more powerful than the CPUs and they are very affordable. In this paper, we present an implementation for the AES algorithm using Direct3D 10 certified GPUs. The graphics API Direct3D 10 is the first version that allows the use of integer operations, making from the traditional GPUs (that works only with floating point numbers), General Purpose GPUs that can be used for a large number of algorithms, including encryption. We present the performance of the symmetric key encryption algorithm - AES, on a middle range GPU and on a middle range quad core CPU. On the testing system, the developed solution is almost 3 times faster on the GPU than on one single core CPU, showing that the GPU can perform as an efficient cryptographic accelerator.

  10. The research of DPA attacks against AES implementations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    This article examines vulnerabilities to power analysis attacks between software and hardware implementations of cryptographic algorithms. Representative platforms including an Atmel 89S8252 8-bit processor and a 0.25 μm 1.8 v standard cell circuit are proposed to implement the advance encryption standard (AES). A simulation-based experimental environment is built to acquire power data, and single-bit differential power analysis (DPA), and multi-bit DPA and correlation power analysis (CPA) attacks are conducted on two implementations respectively. The experimental results show that the hardware implementation has less data-dependent power leakages to resist power attacks. Furthermore, an improved DPA approach is proposed. It adopts hamming distance of intermediate results as power model and arranges plaintext inputs to differentiate power traces to the maximal probability. Compared with the original power attacks, our improved DPA performs a successful attack on AES hardware implementations with acceptable power measurements and fewer computations.

  11. Accelerating Solution Proposal of AES Using a Graphic Processor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    STRATULAT, M.

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The main goal of this work is to analyze the possibility of using a graphic processing unit in non graphical calculations. Graphic Processing Units are being used nowadays not only for game engines and movie encoding/decoding, but also for a vast area of applications, like Cryptography. We used the graphic processing unit as a cryptographic coprocessor in order accelerate AES algorithm. Our implementation of AES is on a GPU using CUDA architecture. The performances obtained show that the CUDA implementation can offer speedups of 11.95Gbps. The tests are conducted in two directions: running the tests on small data sizes that are located in memory and large data that are stored in files on hard drives.

  12. AES Encryption and Decryption Using Direct3D 10 API

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian Marius Chiuta

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Current video cards (GPUs – Graphics Processing Units are very programmable, have become much more powerful than the CPUs and they are very affordable. In this paper, we present an implementation for the AES algorithm using Direct3D 10 certified GPUs. The graphics API Direct3D 10 is the first version that allows the use of integer operations, making from the traditional GPUs (that works only with floating point numbers, General Purpose GPUs that can be used for a large number of algorithms, including encryption. We present the performance of the symmetric key encryption algorithm – AES, on a middle range GPU and on a middle range quad core CPU. On the testing system, the developed solution is almost 3 times faster on the GPU than on one single core CPU, showing that the GPU can perform as an efficient cryptographic accelerator.

  13. Optical spectrophotometry of oscillations and flickering in AE Aquarii

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welsh, William F.; Horne, Keith; Oke, J. B.

    1993-01-01

    We observed rapid variations in the nova-like cataclysmic variable AE Aquarii for 1.7 hr with 4.3 s time resolution using the 30-channel (3227-10494 A) spectrophotometer on the Hale 5 m telescope. The 16.5 and 33.0 s oscillations show a featureless blue spectrum that can be represented by a blackbody with temperature and area much smaller than the accretion disk. Models consisting of the sum of a K star spectrum and a hydrogen slab in LTE at T = 6000-10,000 K can fit the spectrum of AE Aquarii reasonably well. The spectrum of a flare indicates optically thin gas with T = 8000-12,000 K. The energy released by the flare is large compared to typical stellar flares.

  14. Differential inhibition of AE1 and AE2 anion exchangers by oxonol dyes and by novel polyaminosterol analogs of the shark antibiotic squalamine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alper, S L; Chernova, M N; Williams, J; Zasloff, M; Law, F Y; Knauf, P A

    1998-01-01

    Oxonol and polyaminosterol drugs were examined as inhibitors of recombinant mouse AE1 and AE2 anion exchangers expressed in Xenopus laevis oocytes and were compared as inhibitors of AE1-mediated anion flux in red cells and in HL-60 cells that express AE2. The oxonols WW-781, diBA(5)C4, and diBA(3)C4 inhibited HL-60 cell Cl-/Cl- exchange with IC50 values from 1 to 7 microM, 100-1000 times less potent than their IC50 values for red cell Cl-/anion exchange. In Xenopus oocytes, diBA(5)C4 inhibited AE1-mediated Cl- efflux several hundred times more potently than that mediated by AE2. Several novel squalamine-related polyaminosterols were also evaluated as anion exchange inhibitors. In contrast to diBA(5)C4, polyaminosterol 1361 inhibited oocyte-expressed AE2 8-fold more potently than AE1 (IC50 0.6 versus 5.2 microM). The 3-fold less potent desulfo-analog, 1360, showed similar preference for AE2. It was found that 1361 also partially inhibited Cl- efflux from red cells, whereas neither polyaminosterol inhibited Cl efflux from HL60 cells. Thus, the oxonol diBA(5)C4 is >100-fold more potent as an inhibitor of AE1 than of AE2, whereas the polyaminosterols 1360 and 1361 are 8-fold more potent as inhibitors of AE2 than of AE1. Assay conditions and cell type influenced IC50 values for both classes of compounds.

  15. Generating Lookup Tables from the AE9/AP9 Models

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-06-16

    NUMBER 11 5e. TASK NUMBER na 5f. WORK UNIT NUMBER na 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) The Aerospace Corporation 2310 E. El...electrons using SOAP and a static 3D table containing data generated from the AE9/AP9 model. ........................................................ 2...used to construct a 3D data table that could be read by the Satellite Orbit Analysis Program ( SOAP ) [2], which is a program developed and maintained

  16. AE Aquarii represents a new subclass of Cataclysmic Variables

    CERN Document Server

    Ikhsanov, N R

    2012-01-01

    We analyze properties of the unique nova-like star AE Aquarii identified with a close binary system containing a red dwarf and a very fast rotating magnetized white dwarf. It cannot be assigned to any of the three commonly adopted sub-classes of Cataclysmic Variables: Polars, Intermediate Polars, and Accreting non-magnetized White Dwarfs. Our study has shown that the white dwarf in AE Aqr is in the ejector state and its dipole magnetic moment is $\\mu ~ 1.5 \\times 10^{34} G cm^3$. It switched into this state due to intensive mass exchange between the system components during a previous epoch. A high rate of disk accretion onto the white dwarf surface resulted in temporary screening of its magnetic field and spin-up of the white dwarf to its present spin period. Transition of the white dwarf to the ejector state had occurred at a final stage of the spin-up epoch as its magnetic field emerged from the accreted plasma due to diffusion. In the frame of this scenario AE Aqr represents a missing link in the chain of...

  17. Efficient Hardware Design and Implementation of AES Cryptosystem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pravin B. Ghewari

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available We propose an efficient hardware architecture design & implementation of Advanced Encryption Standard (AES-Rijndael cryptosystem. The AES algorithm defined by the National Institute of Standard and Technology(NIST of United States has been widely accepted. The cryptographic algorithms can be implemented with software or built with pure hardware. However Field Programmable Gate Arrays (FPGA implementation offers quicker solution and can be easily upgraded to incorporate any protocol changes. This contribution investigates the AES encryption and decryption cryptosystem with regard to FPGA and Very High Speed Integrated Circuit Hardware Description language (VHDL. Optimized and Synthesizable VHDL code is developed for theimplementation of both 128- bit data encryption and decryption process. Xilinx ISE 8.1 software is used for simulation. Each program is tested with some of the sample vectors provided by NIST and output results are perfect with minimal delay. The throughput reaches the value of 352 Mbit/sec for both encryption and decryption process with Device XCV600 of Xilinx Virtex Family.

  18. HARPS spectropolarimetry of Herbig Ae/Be stars

    CERN Document Server

    Hubrig, S; Schoeller, M; Curto, G Lo

    2013-01-01

    Our knowledge of the presence and the strength of magnetic fields in intermediate-mass pre-main-sequence stars remains very poor. We present new magnetic field measurements in six Herbig Ae/Be stars observed with HARPS in spectropolarimetric mode. We downloaded from the European Southern Observatory (ESO) archive the publically available HARPS spectra for six Herbig Ae/Be stars. Wavelength shifts between right- and left-hand side circularly polarised spectra were interpreted in terms of a longitudinal magnetic field , using the moment technique introduced by Mathys. The application of the moment technique to the HARPS spectra allowed us in addition to study the presence of the crossover effect and quadratic magnetic fields. Our search for longitudinal magnetic fields resulted in first detections of weak magnetic fields in the Herbig Ae/Be stars HD58647 and HD98922. Further, we confirm the previous tentative detection of a weak magnetic field in HD104237 by Donati et al. and confirm the previous detection of a...

  19. Effective Comparison and Evaluation of DES and Rijndael Algorithm (AES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prof.N..Penchalaiah,

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the effective coding of Rijndael algorithm, Advanced Encryption Standard (AES in Hardware Description Language, Verilog. In this work we analyze the structure and design of new AES, following three criteria: a resistance against all known attacks; b speed and code compactness on a wide range of platforms; and c designsimplicity; as well as its similarities and dissimilarities with other symmetric ciphers. On the other side, the principal advantages of new AES with respect to DES, as well as its limitations, are investigated. Thus, for example, the fact that the new cipher and its inverse use different components, which practically eliminates the possibility for weak and semi-weak keys, as existing for DES, and the non-linearity of the key expansion, which practically eliminates the possibility of equivalent keys, are two of the principal advantages of new cipher. Finally, the implementation aspects of Rijndael cipherand its inverse are treated. Thus, although Rijndael is well suited to be implemented efficiently on a wide range of processors and in dedicated hardware, we have concentrated our study on 8-bit processors, typical for current Smart Cards and on 32-bit processors, typical for PCs.

  20. Magnetospheres and Disk Accretion in Herbig Ae/Be Stars

    CERN Document Server

    Muzerolle, J; Calvet, N; Hartmann, L

    2004-01-01

    We present evidence of magnetically-mediated disk accretion in Herbig Ae/Be stars. Magnetospheric accretion models of Balmer and sodium profiles calculated with appropriate stellar and rotational parameters are in qualitative agreement with the observed profiles of the Herbig Ae star UX Ori, and yield a mass accretion rate of ~ 10^{-8} Msun/yr. If more recent indications of an extremely large rotation rate for this object are correct, the magnetic field geometry must deviate from that of a standard dipole in order to produce line emission consistent with observed flux levels. Models of the associated accretion shock qualitatively explain the observed distribution of excess fluxes in the Balmer discontinuity for a large ensemble of Herbig Ae/Be stars, and imply typically small mass accretion rates, < 10^{-7} Msun/yr. In order for accretion to proceed onto the star, significant amounts of gas must exist inside the dust destruction radius, which is potentially problematic for recently advocated scenarios of "...

  1. Multifrequency Acoustic Emissions (AE) for Monitoring the Time Evolution of Microprocesses within Solids

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paparo, Gabriele; Gregori, Giovanni P.

    2003-03-01

    Microprocesses occur like chain reactions where bonds progressively yield. The temporal evolution can be tracked by multifrequency AE. Two principle ideas. One relies on time series of AE of increasingly lower frequency. The second compares time histories of every AE event (fixed frequency) with a lognormal distribution: deviations reveal additional parameters, and the tail results modulated by external effects, envisaging what triggers every AE. Natural environmental phenomena are effective feasibility tests, for subsequent laboratory implementation.

  2. 15 CFR 758.1 - The Shipper's Export Declaration (SED) or Automated Export System (AES) record.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...) or Automated Export System (AES) record. 758.1 Section 758.1 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations... (SED) or Automated Export System (AES) record. (a) The Shipper's Export Declaration (SED) or Automated Export System (AES) record. The SED (Form 7525-V, Form 7525-V-Alt, or Automated Export System record)...

  3. Artificial epi-Retinal Prosthesis (AeRP)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doorish, John F.

    2006-09-01

    There are several research projects going on around the world, which are attempting to develop a prosthetic device to restore sight to the blind. This paper describes the efforts of Second Sight of New York, Inc. The device being developed is called an Artificial epi-Retinal Prosthesis (AeRP), which is basically a small optical computer that fits into the intraocular space of the eye. The AeRP is designed to draw light into the device by specially designed fibre optics. The light is ‘digitized’ by the fibre optic system and then directed to individual photodiode cells making up concentric cylinders thus providing several hundred photodiode cells in the device. The produced electrical stimulation from each cell is then delivered to the retinal ganglion cells by a specially designed delivery system utilizing electrically conducting polymer strands (ECP), which sit on an ‘umbrella’ at the back of the device. The retinal ganglion cells receive the electrical stimulation, which would then be transmitted through the visual system of the brain. There are several innovations in this approach as compared to the other projects. They include, first the design, which will allow for a high number of PC to produce electrical stimulation that will stimulate multiple RGC per PC; the use of the ECP strands has not been used in such an approach before this. Tests have revealed that nerve cells have a good affinity for the material of the ECP. The use of the ECP as well as the fact that the AeRP is completely photovoltaic, with no external power sources, implies that there will not be high heat build-up in the back of the eye, which might damage RGC. A smaller version of the AeRP called the Mini epi-Retinal Prosthesis (MeRP) is the subject of a complimentary paper. It is being built now and will be tested in cell culture studies to determine the efficacy of the design and materials. No actual implants have been performed yet.

  4. "Storms of crustal stress" and AE earthquake precursors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. P. Gregori

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Acoustic emission (AE displays violent paroxysms preceding strong earthquakes, observed within some large area (several hundred kilometres wide around the epicentre. We call them "storms of crustal stress" or, briefly "crustal storms". A few case histories are discussed, all dealing with the Italian peninsula, and with the different behaviour shown by the AE records in the Cephalonia island (Greece, which is characterized by a different tectonic setting.

    AE is an effective tool for diagnosing the state of some wide slab of the Earth's crust, and for monitoring its evolution, by means of AE of different frequencies. The same effect ought to be detected being time-delayed, when referring to progressively lower frequencies. This results to be an effective check for validating the physical interpretation.

    Unlike a seismic event, which involves a much limited focal volume and therefore affects a restricted area on the Earth's surface, a "crustal storm" typically involves some large slab of lithosphere and crust. In general, it cannot be easily reckoned to any specific seismic event. An earthquake responds to strictly local rheological features of the crust, which are eventually activated, and become crucial, on the occasion of a "crustal storm". A "crustal storm" lasts typically few years, eventually involving several destructive earthquakes that hit at different times, at different sites, within that given lithospheric slab.

    Concerning the case histories that are here discussed, the lithospheric slab is identified with the Italian peninsula. During 1996–1997 a "crustal storm" was on, maybe elapsing until 2002 (we lack information for the period 1998–2001. Then, a quiet period occurred from 2002 until 26 May 2008, when a new "crustal storm" started, and by the end of 2009 it is still on. During the 1996–1997 "storm" two strong earthquakes occurred (Potenza and

  5. Improving diffusion power of AES Rijndael with 8x8 MDS matrix

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.Elumalai,

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available AES Rijndael is a block cipher developed by NIST as the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES replacing DES and published as FIPS 197 in November 2001 [5] to address the threatened key size of Data Encryption Standard (DES. AES-Rijndael was developed by Joan Daemen and Vincent Rijmen, Rijndael [4, 5] and was selected from five finalists. Advancement in computation speed every day puts lotsof pressure on AES and AES may not with stand attack for longer time. This work focuses on improving security of an encryption algorithm, beyond AES. Though there are various techniques available to enhance the security, an attempt is made to improve the diffusion strength of an algorithm. For enhancing the diffusion power AES Rijndael in MixColumn operation the branch number of MDS matrix is raised from 5 to 9 using a new 8X8 MDS matrix with trade off of speed [8, 9] and implemented on R8C microcontroller.

  6. The Herbig Ae SB2 System HD 104237

    CERN Document Server

    Cowley, Charles R; Hubrig, Swetlana

    2013-01-01

    The double-lined spectroscopic binary HD 104237 (DX Cha) is part of a complex system of some half-dozen nearby young stars. We report a significant change from an orbit for the SB2 system derived from 1999-2000 observations. We obtain abundances from the primary and secondary spectra. The abundance analysis uses both detailed spectral synthesis and determinations based on equivalent widths of weak absorption lines with W(lambda) typically < 25 mA. Abundances are derived for 25 elements in the primary, and 17 elements in the secondary. Apart from lithium and zirconium, abundances do not depart significantly from solar. Lithium may be marginally enhanced with respect to the meteoritic value in the primary. It somewhat depleted in the secondary. The emission-line spectrum is typical of Herbig Ae stars. We compare and contrast the spectra of the HD 104237 primary and two other Herbig Ae stars with low v.sin(i), HD 101412 and HD 190073.

  7. Inisialisasi Key Generating Kriptografi AES Pada Pendekatan Protokol SMSSEC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Barja Sanjaya

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Perkembangan teknologi di dunia internet tidak terlepas dari saling keterkaitannya dengan kriptografi yang menyediakan layanan dalam pengamanan data. Salah satu pengamanan data yang diperlukan yakni penyandian data dengan proses komputasi kriptografi yang digunakan saat berlangsungnya proses melibatkan data penting seperti yang ada pada perbankan, yakni pertukaran data rahasia yang dilakukan oleh seseorang untuk memudahkan atau memfasilitasi kegiatannya. Kebutuhan untuk kemudahan dalam akses ke data pribadinya di dunia perbankan seperti transaksi cek saldo atau transfer antar rekening sangatlah krusial dan perlu dijaga kerahasiaannya. Metode kriptografi klasik sudah tidak lagi mumpuni jika diterapkan untuk dijadikan salah satu solusi dalam pengamanan data transaksi tersebut. Oleh karena itu dalam penelitian ini, diusulkan suatu rancangan baru mengenai metode pengamanan data yang dapat digunakan pada aplikasi perbankan dengan biaya komputasi yang minimum. Adapun rancangan baru tersebut melibatkan pendekatan protokol SMSSecure yang di dalamnya menyertakan sekaligus tiga tipe algoritma kriptografi. Pada penelitian ini juga dilakukan pembaharuan proses kriptografi simetrik Advanced Encryption Standard (AES yakni pada inisialisasi pembuatan kunci enkripsi/dekripsi. Dari hasil simulasi pengujian diperoleh hasil bahwa performansi waktu proses komputasi dari usulan rancangan mencapai empat sampai lima belas kali jauh lebih cepat dibanding rancangan awal. Juga ada penghematan dari hasil analisis parameter konsumsi memory yang dibutuhkan selama satu kali transaksi yakni sekira tiga kilo bytes. Namun, parameter avalanche effect yang dihasilkan jauh dari kriteria baik dan berada di nilai AE sebesar 78,74%.

  8. The remarkable properties of the symbiotic star AE Circinus

    CERN Document Server

    Mennickent, R E; Arenas, J; Tovmassian, T; Mason, E; Tappert, C; Papadaki, C

    2007-01-01

    We present new optical spectroscopy and photometry, 2MASS infrared observations and 24 years of combined AAVSO and AFOEV photometry of the symbiotic star candidate \\ae. The long-term light curve is characterized by outbursts lasting several years and having a slow decline of $\\sim 2 \\times 10^{-4}$ mag/day. The whole range of variability of the star in the $V$ band is about 4 magnitudes. The periodogram of the photometric data reveals strong signals at $\\sim$ 342 and 171 days. The presence of the emission feature at $\\lambda$ 6830 \\AA at minimum and the detection of absorption lines of a $\\sim$ K5 type star confirm the symbiotic classification and suggest that AE Cir is a new member of the small group of s-type yellow symbiotic stars. We estimate a distance of 9.4 kpc. Our spectrum taken at the high state shows a much flatter spectral energy distribution, the disappearance of the $\\lambda$ 6830 \\AA emission feature and the weakness of the He II 4686 emission relative to the Balmer emission lines. Our observat...

  9. NPS alternate techsat satellite, design project for AE-4871

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    This project was completed as part of AE-4871, Advanced Spacecraft Design. The intent of the course is to provide experience in the design of all the major components in a spacecraft system. Team members were given responsibility for the design of one of the six primary subsystems: power, structures, propulsion, attitude control, telemetry, tracking and control (TT&C), and thermal control. In addition, a single member worked on configuration control, launch vehicle integration, and a spacecraft test plan. Given an eleven week time constraint, a preliminary design of each subsystem was completed. Where possible, possible component selections were also made. Assistance for this project came principally from the Naval Research Laboratory's Spacecraft Technology Branch. Specific information on components was solicited from representatives in industry. The design project centers on a general purpose satellite bus that is currently being sought by the Strategic Defense Initiative.

  10. Infrared spectroscopy of the Herbig Ae-Be stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harvey, P. M.

    1984-01-01

    Infrared spectroscopy from 1.5-2.3 microns is presented for nine Ae and Be stars believed to be pre-main-sequence. Brackett-gamma emission is seen in most or all the spectra, and higher-order Brackett recombination lines are visible in a number of the spectra. The strengths of the emission lines are generally less than or equal to the expected fluxes from H II regions which have been postulated to explain Balmer and Paschen continuum excesses in these stars. The circumstellar H II regions may be optically thick in some of the Brackett lines. No other lines are visible in the spectra, e.g., He or H2. The infrared continua are generally smooth; they confirm the presence of excess emission over that expected from the stellar photospheres. If the excesses are produced by thermal emission from dust, the dust grains must exist up to temperatures of 1300 K-1500 K.

  11. A Lossless Data Hiding Technique based on AES-DWT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Fernandaacute;ndez Torres2

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we propose a new data hiding technique. The new technique uses steganography and cryptography on images with a size of 256x256 pixels and an 8-bit grayscale format. There are design restrictions such as a fixed-size cover image, and reconstruction without error of the hidden image. The steganography technique uses a Haar-DWT (Discrete Wavelet Transform with hard thresholding and LSB (Less Significant Bit technique on the cover image. The algorithms used for compressing and ciphering the secret image are lossless JPG and AES, respectively. The proposed technique is used to generate a stego image which provides a double type of security that is robust against attacks. Results are reported for different thresholds levels in terms of PSNR.

  12. The Herbig Ae Star HD 163296 in X-Rays

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swartz, Douglas A.; Drake, Jeremy J.; Elsner, Ronald F.; Ghosh, Kajal K.; Grady, Carol A.; Wassell, Edward

    2004-01-01

    Chandra X-ray imaging spectroscopy of the nearby Herbig Ae star HD 163296 at 100 AU angular resolution is reported. A point-like, soft (kT approximately 0.5 approximately kev), emission-line source is detected at the location of the star with an X-ray luminosity of 4.0e29 erg/s. In addition, faint emission along the direction of a previously-detected Ly-alpha-emitting jet and Herbig-Haro outflow may be present. The relatively low luminosity, lack of a hard spectral component, and absence of strong X-ray variability in HD 163296 can be explained as originating from optically-thin shock-heated gas accreting onto the stellar surface along magnetic field lines. This would require a (dipole) magnetic field strength at the surface of HD 163296 of at least approximately 100 approximately G and perhaps as high as several kG.

  13. Dataset concerning the analytical approximation of the Ae3 temperature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ennis, B L; Jimenez-Melero, E; Mostert, R; Santillana, B; Lee, P D

    2017-02-01

    In this paper we present a new polynomial function for calculating the local phase transformation temperature (Ae3 ) between the austenite+ferrite and the fully austenitic phase fields during heating and cooling of steel:[Formula: see text] The dataset includes the terms of the function and the values for the polynomial coefficients for major alloying elements in steel. A short description of the approximation method used to derive and validate the coefficients has also been included. For discussion and application of this model, please refer to the full length article entitled "The role of aluminium in chemical and phase segregation in a TRIP-assisted dual phase steel" 10.1016/j.actamat.2016.05.046 (Ennis et al., 2016) [1].

  14. Competence of Aedes aegypti, Ae. albopictus, and Culex quinquefasciatus Mosquitoes as Zika Virus Vectors, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Zhuanzhuan; Zhou, Tengfei; Lai, Zetian; Zhang, Zhenhong; Jia, Zhirong; Zhou, Guofa; Williams, Tricia; Xu, Jiabao; Gu, Jinbao; Zhou, Xiaohong; Lin, Lifeng; Yan, Guiyun

    2017-01-01

    In China, the prevention and control of Zika virus disease has been a public health threat since the first imported case was reported in February 2016. To determine the vector competence of potential vector mosquito species, we experimentally infected Aedes aegypti, Ae. albopictus, and Culex quinquefasciatus mosquitoes and determined infection rates, dissemination rates, and transmission rates. We found the highest vector competence for the imported Zika virus in Ae. aegypti mosquitoes, some susceptibility of Ae. albopictus mosquitoes, but no transmission ability for Cx. quinquefasciatus mosquitoes. Considering that, in China, Ae. albopictus mosquitoes are widely distributed but Ae. aegypti mosquito distribution is limited, Ae. albopictus mosquitoes are a potential primary vector for Zika virus and should be targeted in vector control strategies. PMID:28430562

  15. Implementation of AES as a Custom Hardware using NIOS II Processor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meghana Hasamnis

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available In this paper Advanced Encryption Standard (AES algorithm has been designed and implemented as custom hardware. The algorithm is controlled through C-code written in NIOS II IDE. AES as a custom hardware is interfaced with the system designed around NIOS II Processor using SOPC builder tool. AES is written in hardware in VHDL language and the interface is through GPIO (General Purpose Input / Output Port. AES implemented using data size of 128 bits, while the length of the key used is of 128 bits. The key size of AES used is of 128 bits, as it is secure from the different attacks in existence. The FPGA used is CYCLONE II from Altera. AES as a custom hardware increases the speed of encryption and serves as an accelerator and hence improves the performance of the system.

  16. Role of AE2 for pHi regulation in biliary epithelial cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Axel R. Concepcion

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Cl-/HCO3- anion exchanger 2 (AE2 is known to be involved in intracellular pH (pHi regulation and transepithelial acid-base transport. Early studies showed that AE2 gene expression is reduced in liver biopsies and blood mononuclear cells from patients with primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC, a disease characterized by chronic nonsuppurative cholangitis associated with antimitochondrial antibodies (AMA and other autoimmune phenomena. Microfluorimetric analysis of the Cl-/HCO3- anion exchange (AE in isolated cholangiocytes showed that the cAMP-stimulated AE activity is diminished in PBC compared to both healthy and diseased controls. More recently, it was found that miR-506 is upregulated in cholangiocytes of PBC patients and that AE2 may be a target of miR-506. Additional evidence for a pathogenic role of AE2 dysregulation in PBC was obtained with Ae2a,b-/- mice, which develop biochemical, histological, and immunologic alterations that resemble PBC (including development of serum AMA. Analysis of HCO3- transport systems and pHi regulation in cholangiocytes from normal and Ae2a,b-/- mice confirmed that AE2 is the transporter responsible for the Cl–/HCO3– exchange in these cells. On the other hand, both Ae2a,b+/+ and Ae2a,b-/- mouse cholangiocytes exhibited a Cl--independent bicarbonate transport system, essentially a Na+-bicarbonate cotransport (NBC system, which could contribute to pHi regulation in the absence of AE2.

  17. Comportamento de Aedes albopictus e de Ae. scapularis adultos (Diptera: Culicidae no Sudeste do Brasil Adults Aedes albopictus and Ae. scapularis behavior (Diptera: Culidae in Southeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oswaldo Paulo Forattini

    2000-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Observar e comparar o comportamento das espécies de Aedes albopictus e de Ae. scapularis, na localidade de Pedrinhas, litoral sul do Estado de São Paulo, Brasil. MÉTODOS: As observações foram feitas de outubro de 1996 a janeiro de 2000. Foram realizadas coletas sistemáticas de formas adultas mediante a utilização de isca humana, aspirações ambientais e armadilha tipo Shannon. A domiciliação foi estimada pelo índice de Nuorteva e pela razão de sinantropia. RESULTADOS: Foram feitas 87 coletas diurnas, com a obtenção de 872 adultos fêmeas. As médias de Williams', multiplicadas por 100, foram de 118 e 21 para Ae. albopictus nos horários de 7h às 18h e de 18h às 20h, respectivamente. Quanto a Ae. scapularis, foram de 100 e 106 nos mesmos períodos. Esse último revelou pico de atividade crepuscular vespertina. Na aspiração de abrigos, obteve-se o total de 1.124 espécimens, dos quais 226 Ae. albopictus e 898 Ae. scapularis. O período de janeiro a maio correspondeu ao de maior rendimento para ambos os mosquitos. Quanto à armadilha de Shannon, as coletas realizadas na mata revelaram a ausência de Ae. albopictus. No que concerne à domiciliação, esse último mostrou os maiores valores de índices, enquanto Ae. scapularis revelou comportamento de tipo ubiquista. CONCLUSÕES: Os resultados confirmam outras observações, permitindo levantar hipóteses. Em relação a Ae. scapularis, sugere-se que possa existir fenômeno de diapausa das fêmeas no período verão-outono, a qual cessaria no inverno-primavera quando então a atividade seria retomada. Quanto a Ae. albopictus, os dados sugerem que se trata de população em processo adaptativo ao novo ambiente.OBJECTIVE: Aedes albopictus and Ae. scapularis were found living together in the Pedrinhas Village, Southeastern of São Paulo State, Brazil. This finding was a good opportunity to make observations about the mosquitoes' behavior. METHODS: From October 1996 to

  18. Analysis of Fracture Signals from Tooth/Composite Restoration According to AE Sensor Attachment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gu, Ja Uk; Choi, Nak Sam [Hanyang University, Ansan (Korea, Republic of)

    2011-10-15

    Acoustic emission(AE) signals during the polymerization shrinkage of composite resin subjected to the LED light exposure were detected through a wave guide method and a direct sensor attachment method. For PMMA, human tooth, stainless steel substrate, data of AE hits and amplitudes were compared. For the test using the wave guide, AE amplitudes decreased because of the attenuant wave. However, AE hits and 1st peak frequency distribution were not different according to the sensor attachments. Through the experiments, wave guide could be used for a nondestructive evaluation of the marginal disintegrative fracture of dental restoration.

  19. Low-area hardware implementations of CLOC, SILC and AES-OTR

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Banik, Subhadeep; Bogdanov, Andrey; Minematsu, Kazuhiko

    2016-01-01

    as the underlying block cipher, we investigate if they can be implemented in a compact fashion using the 8-bit serialized AES circuit. In this context we investigate three authenticated encryption modes CLOC, SILC and AES-OTR. Using the standard cell library of the STM 90nm process, we implemented CLOC and SILC......The most compact implementation of the AES-128 algorithm was the 8-bit serial circuit proposed in the work of Moradi et. al. (Eurocrypt 2011). The circuit has an 8-bit datapath and occupies area equivalent to around 2400 GE. Since many authenticated encryption modes use the AES-128 algorithm...

  20. Superlattice origin of incommensurable density waves in $La__{2-x}Ae_xCuO4$ (Ae = Ba, Sr)

    CERN Document Server

    Bucher, Manfred

    2013-01-01

    In line with the Coulomb-oscillator model of superconductivity, loop currents of excited 3s electrons from O^2- ions, passing in the CuO2 plane through nuclei of nearest-neighbor oxygen quartets, create the antiferromagnetic phase of undoped copper oxides. Holes, introduced by alkaline-earth doping of La2CuO4, destroy the loop currents, thereby weakening antiferromagnetism until it disappears at doping x = 0.02. Further doping of La_2-xAe_xCuO4 gives rise to incommensurate free-hole density waves whose wavelength is determined by the spacing of a doping superlattice. Modulating the ordering of the ions' magnetic moments, the charge-density wave, of incommensurability 2 delta, causes a magnetic density wave of incommensurability delta. The formula derived for delta(x) is in excellent agreement with data from X-ray diffraction and neutron scattering.

  1. Spontaneous wheat-Aegilops biuncialis, Ae. geniculata and Ae. triuncialis amphiploid production, a potential way of gene transference

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Loureiro, I.; Escorial, C.; Garcia-Baudin, J. M.; Chueca, M. C.

    2009-07-01

    Some F1 hybrid plants between three species of the Aegilops genus and different hexaploid wheat Triticum aestivum cultivars show certain self-fertility, with averages of F{sub 1} hybrids bearing F{sub 2} seeds of 8.17%, 5.12% and 48.14% for Aegilops biuncialis, Aegilops geniculata and Aegilops triuncialis respectively. In the Ae. triuncialis-wheat combination with Astral wheat cultivar, the fertility was higher than that found in the other combinations. All the F2 seeds studied were spontaneous amphiploids (2n=10x=70). The present study evidences the possibility of spontaneous formation of amphiploids between these three Aegilops species and hexaploid wheat and discusses their relevance for gene transference. Future risk assessment of transgenic wheat cultivars needs to evaluate the importance of amphiploids as a bridge for transgene introgression and for gene escape to the wild. (Author)

  2. Uticaj lokalnog anestetika na bol posle laparoskopske holecistektomije

    OpenAIRE

    Jovanović, Dejan

    2016-01-01

    UVOD. Bilijarna kalkuloza je najčešće oboljenje hepatobilijarnog sistema, a holecistektomija predstavlja jedan od najčešće izvođenih operativnih zahvata. Laparoskopska holecistektomija je danas zlatni standard lečenja holelitijaze. Laparoskopska holecistektomija je pokazala poboljšanje u klinički značajnim ishodima kao što su skraćenje operativnog vremena, kraća hospitalizacija, smanjenje jačine i trajanja postoperativnog bola i brži povratak dnevnim i radnim aktiv...

  3. Characterization of low-molecular-weight-glutenin subunit genes from the D-genome of Triticum aestivum, Aegilops crassa, Ae. cylindrica and Ae. tauschii

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Naghavi, M.R.; Ahmadi, S.; Shanejat-Boushehri, A.A.; Komaei, G.; Struik, P.C.

    2013-01-01

    Twenty low-molecular-weight-glutenin subunit (LMW-GS) gene sequences from the D-genome from Aegilops crassa (2n ¼ 4x ¼ 28), Ae. cylindrica (2n ¼ 4x ¼ 28), Ae. tauschii (2n ¼ 2x ¼ 14) and Triticum aestivum (2n ¼ 6x ¼ 42) were obtained using five sets of specific allele primer pairs. Only the sequence

  4. Theoretical characterization of quaternary iridium based hydrides NaAeIrH{sub 6} (Ae = Ca, Ba and Sr)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bouras, S. [Laboratory of Studies Surfaces and Interfaces of Solids Materials, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Setif 1, 19000 (Algeria); Ghebouli, B., E-mail: bghebouli@yahoo.fr [Laboratory of Studies Surfaces and Interfaces of Solids Materials, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Setif 1, 19000 (Algeria); Benkerri, M. [Laboratory of Studies Surfaces and Interfaces of Solids Materials, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Setif 1, 19000 (Algeria); Ghebouli, M.A., E-mail: med.amineghebouli@yahoo.fr [Microelectronic Laboratory (LMSE), University of Bachir Ibrahimi, Bordj-Bou-Arreridj 34000 (Algeria); Research Unit on Emerging Materials (RUEM), University of Setif 1, 19000 (Algeria); Choutri, H. [Microelectronic Laboratory (LMSE), University of Bachir Ibrahimi, Bordj-Bou-Arreridj 34000 (Algeria); Louail, L.; Chihi, T.; Fatmi, M. [Research Unit on Emerging Materials (RUEM), University of Setif 1, 19000 (Algeria); Bouhemadou, A. [Laboratory for Developing New Materials and Their Characterization, Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, University of Setif 1, 19000 (Algeria); Department of Physics and Astronomy, College of Science, King Saud University, P.O. Box 2455, Riyadh 11451 (Saudi Arabia); Khenata, R.; Khachai, H. [Laboratoire de Physique Quantique et de Modélisation Mathématique, Université de Mascara, 29000 (Algeria)

    2015-01-15

    The quaternary iridium based hydrides NaAeIrH{sub 6} (Ae = Ca, Ba and Sr) are promising candidates as hydrogen storage materials. We have studied the structural, elastic, electronic, optical and thermodynamic properties of NaAeIrH{sub 6} (Ae = Ca, Ba and Sr) within the generalized gradient approximation, the local density approximation (LDA) and mBj in the frame of density functional perturbation theory. These alloys have a large indirect Γ–X band gap. The thermodynamic functions were computed using the phonon density of states. The origin of the possible transitions from valence band to conduction band was illustrated. By using the complex dielectric function, the optical properties such as absorption, reflectivity, loss function, refractive index and optical conductivity have been obtained. - Graphical abstract: Real and imaginary parts of the dielectric function, the absorption spectrum α(ω), reflectivity R(ω) and energy-loss spectrum L(ω). - Highlights: • NaAeIrH{sub 6} (Ae = Ca, Ba and Sr) alloys have been investigated. • The elastic moduli, energy gaps are predicted. • The optical and thermal properties were studied.

  5. Detection of Staphylococcus Aureus Enterotoxin Genes A-E

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dadgar, T. (PhD

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objective: The main cause of spreading staphylococcal infections among patients is the healthy carriers working in hospitals. With the secretion of different sorts of toxins such as entrotoxin, this bacteria can provide the conditions for attacking on the host. The main objective of this study is identification of the characteristics and differences in the Staphylococcus aureus isolated from healthy carriers and from the patients on the basis of enterotoxin genes (sea-see. Material and Methods: One hundred and twenty of the patients and 80 of healthy carriers worked in health centers of Gorgan, north of Iran, were investigated for S. aureus isolate. The isolates were evaluated by PCR for Enterotoxin Genes A-E (SEA to SEE. Results: Enterotoxin genes (SEA to SEE was found in 87.5% of the total isolates and the most frequent one was enterotoxin gene sea (N= 124. The prevalence of these isolates in healthy carriers was significantly higher than those of the patients. Conclusion: Based on the results, the high percentage of S. aureus isolated from clinical samples contains enterotoxin genes. Therefore, Human as the source and carrier of S. aureus is paramount importance, which is due to significant relationship between being toxigenic strains and the source of isolation. Key words: Staphylococcus Aureus; Enterotoxin; Patient; Carrier

  6. ASASSN-14ae: A Tidal Disruption Event at 200 Mpc

    CERN Document Server

    Holoien, Thomas W -S; Bersier, D; Kochanek, C S; Stanek, K Z; Shappee, B J; Grupe, D; Basu, U; Beacom, J F; Brimacombe, J; Brown, J S; Davis, A B; Jencson, J; Pojmanski, G; Szczygiel, D M

    2014-01-01

    ASASSN-14ae is a candidate tidal disruption event (TDE) found at the center of SDSS J110840.11+340552.2 ($d\\simeq200$ Mpc) by the All-Sky Automated Survey for Supernovae (ASAS-SN), a global array of 14-cm telescopes. The host galaxy is an early type spiral with no signs of an active galactic nucleus (AGN) and with little recent star formation. We present follow-up photometric and spectroscopic observations of the source, including optical data from ground-based telescopes and ultraviolet and optical data from Swift. From blackbody fits to the host-subtracted spectral energy distribution, we find that the transient had a peak luminosity of $L\\simeq8\\times10^{43}$ erg s$^{-1}$ and a total integrated energy of $E\\simeq1.5\\times10^{50}$ ergs over the $\\sim3$ months of observations presented. The blackbody temperature of the transient remains roughly constant at $T\\sim20,000$ K while the luminosity declines by nearly 1.5 orders of magnitude during this time, a drop that is most consistent with an exponential, $L\\p...

  7. The (BETA) Pictoris Phenomenon Among Herbig Ae/Be Stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grady, C. A.; Perez, M. R.; Talavera, A.; Bjorkman, K. S.; deWinter, D.; The, P.-S.; Molster, F. J.; vandenAncker, M. E.; Sitko, M. L.; Morrison, N. D.; Beaver, M. L.; McCollum, B.; Castelaz, M. W.

    1996-01-01

    We present a survey of high dispersion UV and optical spectra of Herbig Ae/Be (HAeBe) and related stars. We find accreting, circumstellar gas over the velocity range +100 to +400 km/s, and absorption profiles similar to those seen toward Beta Pic, in 36% of the 33 HAeBe stars with IUE data as well as in 3 non-emission B stars. We also find evidence of accretion in 7 HAeBe stars with optical data only. Line profile variability appears ubiquitous. As a group, the stars with accreting gas signatures have higher v sin i than the stars with outflowing material, and tend to exhibit large amplitude (greater than or equal to 1(sup m)) optical light variations. All of the program stars with polarimetric variations that are anti-correlated with the optical light, previously interpreted as the signature of a dust disk viewed close to equator-on, also show spectral signatures of accreting gas. These data imply that accretion activity in HAeBe stars is preferentially observed when the line of sight transits the circumstellar dust disk. Our data imply that the spectroscopic signatures of accreting circumstellar material seen in Beta Pic are not unique to that object, but instead are consistent with interpretation of Beta Pic as a comparatively young A star with its associated circumstellar disk.

  8. The Herbig Ae star HD 163296 in X-rays

    CERN Document Server

    Swartz, D A; Elsner, R F; Ghosh, K K; Grady, C A; Wassell, E; Woodgate, B E; Kimble, R A; Swartz, Douglas A.; Drake, Jeremy J.; Elsner, Ronald F.; Ghosh, Kajal K.; Grady, Carol A.; Wassell, Edward; Woodgate, Bruce E.; Kimble, Randy A.

    2005-01-01

    Chandra X-ray imaging spectroscopy of the nearby Herbig Ae star HD 163296 at 100 AU angular resolution is reported. A point-like, soft (kT~0.5 keV), emission-line source is detected at the location of the star with an X-ray luminosity of 4.0e29 erg/s. In addition, faint emission along the direction of a previously-detected Ly-alpha-emitting jet and Herbig-Haro outflow may be present. The relatively low luminosity, lack of a hard spectral component, and absence of strong X-ray variability in HD 163296 can be explained as originating from optically-thin shock-heated gas accreting onto the stellar surface along magnetic field lines. This would require a (dipole) magnetic field strength at the surface of HD 163296 of at least ~100 G and perhaps as high as several kG. HD 163296 joins the T Tauri star TW Hya in being the only examples known to date of pre-main-sequence stars whose quiescent X-ray emission appears to be completely dominated by accretion.

  9. A Selective Encryption Algorithm Based on AES for Medical Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oh, Ju-Young; Yang, Dong-Il; Chon, Ki-Hwan

    2010-03-01

    The transmission of medical information is currently a daily routine. Medical information needs efficient, robust and secure encryption modes, but cryptography is primarily a computationally intensive process. Towards this direction, we design a selective encryption scheme for critical data transmission. We expand the advandced encrytion stanard (AES)-Rijndael with five criteria: the first is the compression of plain data, the second is the variable size of the block, the third is the selectable round, the fourth is the optimization of software implementation and the fifth is the selective function of the whole routine. We have tested our selective encryption scheme by C(++) and it was compiled with Code::Blocks using a MinGW GCC compiler. The experimental results showed that our selective encryption scheme achieves a faster execution speed of encryption/decryption. In future work, we intend to use resource optimization to enhance the round operations, such as SubByte/InvSubByte, by exploiting similarities between encryption and decryption. As encryption schemes become more widely used, the concept of hardware and software co-design is also a growing new area of interest.

  10. The Disk Atmospheres of Three Herbig Ae/Be Stars

    CERN Document Server

    Harker, D E; Wooden, D H; Temi, P; Harker, David E.; Woodward, Charles E.; Wooden, Diane H.; Temi, Pasquale

    2004-01-01

    We present infrared (IR) spectrophotometry ($R \\simeq 180$) of three Herbig Ae/Be stars surrounded by possible protoplanetary disks: HD 150193, HD100546 and HD 179218. We construct a mid-IR spectral energy distributions (SED) for each object by using $7.6 - 13.2$ \\micron HIFOGS spectra, 2.4 -- 45 \\micron\\ spectrophotometry from the {\\it ISO} SWS, the 12, 25, 60, and 100 \\micron\\ photometric points from IRAS, and for HD 179218, photometric bolometric data points from the Mt. Lemmon Observing Facility. The SEDs are modeled by using an expanded version of the \\citet{chigol97} two-layer, radiative and hydrostatic equilibrium, passive disk. This expanded version includes the emission from Mg-pure crystalline olivine (forsterite) grains in the disk surface layer. HD 150193 contains no crystals while HD 100546 and HD 179218 respectively show evidence of having crystalline silicates in the surface layers of their disks. We find that the inner region of HD100546 has a 37% higher crystalline-to-amorphous silicate ratio...

  11. ISO spectroscopy of disks around Herbig Ae/Be stars

    CERN Document Server

    Van den Ancker, M E

    2004-01-01

    We have investigated the infrared spectra of all 46 Herbig Ae/Be stars for which spectroscopic data is available in the ISO data archive. Our quantitative analysis of these spectra focusses on the emission bands linked to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), the amorphous 10 micron silicate band and the crystalline silicate band at 11.3 micron. We have detected PAH emission in 57% of the Herbig stars in our sample. Clear examples of differences in the PAH spectra are present within our sample, indicating differences in PAH size, chemistry and/or ionization. Amorphous silicate emission was detected in the spectra of 52% of the sample stars, amorphous silicate absorption in 13%. We have detected crystalline silicate emission in 11 stars (24% of our sample), of which four (9%) also display strong PAH emission. We have classified the sample sources according to the strength of their mid-IR energy distribution. The systems with stronger mid-infared (20-100 um) excesses relative to their near-infrared (1-5 um) ...

  12. Resolved Inner Disks around Herbig Ae/Be Stars

    CERN Document Server

    Eisner, J A; Hillenbrand, L A; Akeson, R L; Sargent, A I

    2004-01-01

    We have observed 14 Herbig Ae/Be sources with the long-baseline near-IR Palomar Testbed Interferometer, All except two sources are resolved at 2.2 um, with angular sizes generally <5 mas. We determine the size scales and orientations of the 2.2 um emission using various models: uniform disks, Gaussians, uniform rings, flat accretion disks with inner holes, and flared disks with puffed-up inner rims; 7 objects display significantly inclined morphologies, generally compatible with the outer disk geometries inferred from millimeter interferometric observations, implying that HAEBE disks are not significantly warped. Using the derived inner disk sizes and inclinations, we compute the spectral energy distributions for two simple physical disk models, and compare these with observed SEDs compiled from the literature and new near-IR photometry. While geometrically flat accretion disk models are consistent with the data for the earliest spectral types in our sample (MWC 297, V1685 Cyg, and MWC 1080), the later-typ...

  13. AES based secure low energy adaptive clustering hierarchy for WSNs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kishore, K. R.; Sarma, N. V. S. N.

    2013-01-01

    Wireless sensor networks (WSNs) provide a low cost solution in diversified application areas. The wireless sensor nodes are inexpensive tiny devices with limited storage, computational capability and power. They are being deployed in large scale in both military and civilian applications. Security of the data is one of the key concerns where large numbers of nodes are deployed. Here, an energy-efficient secure routing protocol, secure-LEACH (Low Energy Adaptive Clustering Hierarchy) for WSNs based on the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) is being proposed. This crypto system is a session based one and a new session key is assigned for each new session. The network (WSN) is divided into number of groups or clusters and a cluster head (CH) is selected among the member nodes of each cluster. The measured data from the nodes is aggregated by the respective CH's and then each CH relays this data to another CH towards the gateway node in the WSN which in turn sends the same to the Base station (BS). In order to maintain confidentiality of data while being transmitted, it is necessary to encrypt the data before sending at every hop, from a node to the CH and from the CH to another CH or to the gateway node.

  14. Photometric variability of the Herbig Ae star HD 37806

    CERN Document Server

    Rucinski, S M; Hareter, M; Pojmanski, G; Kuschnig, R; Matthews, J M; Guenther, D B; Moffat, A F J; Sasselov, D; Weiss, W W

    2010-01-01

    The more massive counterparts of T Tauri stars, Herbig Ae/Be stars, are known to vary in a complex way with no variability mechanism clearly identified. We attempt to characterize the optical variability of HD~37806 (MWC 120) on time scales ranging between minutes and several years. A continuous, one-minute resolution, 21 day-long sequence of MOST (Microvariability & Oscillations of STars) satellite observations has been analyzed using wavelet, scalegram and dispersion analysis tools. The MOST data have been augmented by sparse observations over 9 seasons from ASAS (All Sky Automated Survey), by previously non-analyzed ESO (European Southern Observatory) data partly covering 3 seasons and by archival measurements dating back half a century ago. Mutually superimposed flares or accretion instabilities grow in size from about 0.0003 of the mean flux on a time scale of minutes to a peak-to-peak range of <~0.05 on a time scale of a few years. The resulting variability has properties of stochastic "red" nois...

  15. 15 CFR Appendix D to Part 30 - AES Filing Citation, Exemption and Exclusion Legends

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false AES Filing Citation, Exemption and Exclusion Legends D Appendix D to Part 30 Commerce and Foreign Trade Regulations Relating to Commerce and... Appendix D to Part 30—AES Filing Citation, Exemption and Exclusion Legends I. USML Proof of Filing...

  16. Phylogenetic and temporal dynamics of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 CRF01_AE in China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jingrong Ye

    Full Text Available To explore the epidemic history of HIV-1 CRF01_AE in China, 408 fragments of gag gene sequences of CRF01_AE sampled in 2002-2010 were determined from different geographical regions and risk populations in China. Phylogenetic analysis indicates that the CRF01_AE sequences can be grouped into four clusters, suggesting that at least four genetically independent CRF01_AE descendants are circulating in China, of which two were closely related to the isolates from Thailand and Vietnam. Cluster 1 has the most extensive distribution in China. In North China, cluster 1 and cluster 4 were mainly transmitted through homosexuality.The real substance of the recent HIV-1 epidemic in men who have sex with men(MSM of North China is a rapid spread of CRF01_AE, or rather two distinctive natives CRF01_AE.The time of the most recent common ancestor (tMRCA of four CRF01_AE clusters ranged from the years 1990.9 to 2003.8 in different regions of China. This is the first phylogenetic and temporal dynamics study of HIV-1 CRF01_AE in China.

  17. Fast Oblivious AES A Dedicated application of the MiniMac protocol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zakarias, Rasmus Winther; Damgård, Ivan Bjerre

    2015-01-01

    ]. They presented an optimized implementation of the so-called MiniMac protocol [DZ13] that runs in the pre-processing model, and applied this to a binary AES circuit. In this paper we de- scribe how to dedicate the pre-processing to the structure of AES, which improves significantly the throughput and latency...

  18. Fast Oblivious AES A Dedicated application of the MiniMac protocol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zakarias, Rasmus Winther; Damgård, Ivan Bjerre

    2015-01-01

    ]. They presented an optimized implementation of the so-called MiniMac protocol [DZ13] that runs in the pre-processing model, and applied this to a binary AES circuit. In this paper we de- scribe how to dedicate the pre-processing to the structure of AES, which improves significantly the throughput and latency...

  19. Accurate quantification of Cu(In,Ga)Se{sub 2} films by AES depth profiling analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jang, Jong Shik [Division of Industrial Metrology, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science (KRISS), 267, Gajeong-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Department of Physics, Chungbuk National University, 52 Naesudong-ro, Heungdeok-gu, Cheongju, Chungbuk 361-763 (Korea, Republic of); Hwang, Hye Hyen [Division of Industrial Metrology, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science (KRISS), 267, Gajeong-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Kang, Hee Jae [Department of Physics, Chungbuk National University, 52 Naesudong-ro, Heungdeok-gu, Cheongju, Chungbuk 361-763 (Korea, Republic of); Chae, Hong-Chol [Center for Research Instruments and Experimental Facilities, Chungbuk National University, 52 Naesudong-ro, Heungdeok-gu, Cheongju, Chungbuk 361-763 (Korea, Republic of); Chung, Yong-Duck [Advanced Solar Tech Dept, Electronics and Telecommunications Research Institute (ETRI), 218, Gajeong-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Kim, Kyung Joong, E-mail: kjkim@kriss.re.kr [Division of Industrial Metrology, Korea Research Institute of Standards and Science (KRISS), 267, Gajeong-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Department of Nano Science, Korea University of Science and Technology, 217, Gajeong-ro, Yuseong-gu, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2013-10-01

    Quantitative analysis of Cu(In,Ga)Se{sub 2} (CIGS) films with non-uniform depth distributions was investigated by Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) depth profiling. The atomic fractions of the CIGS films were measured by relative sensitivity factors determined by a total number counting method from a CIGS reference film certified by isotope dilution–inductively coupled plasma/mass spectrometry. In the AES depth profiling analysis of the CIGS films, the intensities of Auger electron peaks in Cu, In, Ga and Se were determined by integrating the individual Auger peak intensities in the whole depth range of the AES depth profiles. The atomic fractions measured by AES analysis were linearly proportional to the certified values. The uncertainty in the AES depth profiling analysis of CIGS films was much smaller than that in the secondary ion mass spectrometry depth profiling analysis and that in the international comparison of national metrology institutes for the quantification of Fe–Ni alloy films.

  20. One AES S-box to increase complexity and its cryptanalysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Jingmei; Wei Baodian; Wang Xinmei

    2007-01-01

    It is well known that the algebraic expression of AES S-box is very simple and only 9 terms are involved.Hence, AES security is suspected although there is no vulnerability on it so far.To eliminate the weakness of extremely small terms in the algebraic expression of AES S-box, one improved AES S-box is proposed, which preserves the algebraic degree invariable but significantly increases the number of its algebraic expression terms from 9 to 255.At the same time, Boolean function has good characters in balance and strict avalanche criterion (SAC), etc.Finally, it is proved that the improved AES S-box scheme is secure against the powerful known differential and linear cryptanalysis.

  1. Application of Normal Mode Expansion to AE Waves in Finite Plates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gorman, M. R.; Prosser, W. H.

    1997-01-01

    Breckenridge et al. (1975), Hsu (1985) and Pao (1978) adapted approaches from seismology to calculate the response at the surface of an infinite half-space and an infinite plate. These approaches have found use in calibrating acoustic emission (AE) transducers. However, it is difficult to extend this theoretical approach to AE testing of practical structures. Weaver and Pao (1982) considered a normal mode solution to the Lamb equations. Hutchinson (1983) pointed out the potential relevance of Mindlin's plate theory (1951) to AE. Pao (1982) reviewed Medick s (1961) classical plate theory for a point source, but rejected it as useful for AE and no one seems to have investigated its relevance to AE any further. Herein, a normal mode solution to the classical plate bending equation was investigated for its applicability to AE. The same source-time function chosen by Weaver and Pao is considered. However, arbitrary source and receiver positions are chosen relative to the boundaries of the plate. This is another advantage of the plate theory treatment in addition to its simplicity. The source does not have to be at the center of the plate as in the axisymmetric treatment. The plate is allowed to remain finite and reflections are predicted. The importance of this theory to AE is that it can handle finite plates, realistic boundary conditions, and can be extended to composite materials.

  2. Global temperature constraints on Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus persistence and competence for dengue virus transmission

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-01

    Background Dengue is a disease that has undergone significant expansion over the past hundred years. Understanding what factors limit the distribution of transmission can be used to predict current and future limits to further dengue expansion. While not the only factor, temperature plays an important role in defining these limits. Previous attempts to analyse the effect of temperature on the geographic distribution of dengue have not considered its dynamic intra-annual and diurnal change and its cumulative effects on mosquito and virus populations. Methods Here we expand an existing modelling framework with new temperature-based relationships to model an index proportional to the basic reproductive number of the dengue virus. This model framework is combined with high spatial and temporal resolution global temperature data to model the effects of temperature on Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus persistence and competence for dengue virus transmission. Results Our model predicted areas where temperature is not expected to permit transmission and/or Aedes persistence throughout the year. By reanalysing existing experimental data our analysis indicates that Ae. albopictus, often considered a minor vector of dengue, has comparable rates of virus dissemination to its primary vector, Ae. aegypti, and when the longer lifespan of Ae. albopictus is considered its competence for dengue virus transmission far exceeds that of Ae. aegypti. Conclusions These results can be used to analyse the effects of temperature and other contributing factors on the expansion of dengue or its Aedes vectors. Our finding that Ae. albopictus has a greater capacity for dengue transmission than Ae. aegypti is contrary to current explanations for the comparative rarity of dengue transmission in established Ae. albopictus populations. This suggests that the limited capacity of Ae. albopictus to transmit DENV is more dependent on its ecology than vector competence. The recommendations, which we

  3. Design and Hardware Implementation of QoSS - AES Processor for Multimedia applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zeghid Medien

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available For real-time applications, there are several factors (time, cost, power that are moving security considerations from a function centric perspective into a system architecture (hardware/software design issue. Advanced Encryption Standard (AES is used nowadays extensively in many network and multimedia applications to address security issues. The AES algorithm specifies three key sizes: 128, 192 and 256 bits offering different levels of security. To deal with the amount of application and intensive computation given by security mechanisms, we define and develop a QoSS (Quality of Security Service model for reconfigurable AES processor. QoSS has been designed and implemented to achieve a flexible trade-off between overheads caused by security services and system performance. The proposed architecture can provide up to 12 AES block cipher schemes within a reasonable hardware cost. We envisage a security vector in a fully functional QoSS request to include levels of service for the range of security service and mechanisms. Our unified hardware can run both the original AES algorithm and the extended AES algorithm (QoSS-AES. A novel on-the-fly AES encryption/ decryption design is also proposed for 128- , 192- , and 256-bit keys. The performance of the proposed processor has been analyzed in an MPEG4 video compression standard. The results revealed that the QoSS-AES processor is well suited to provide high security communication with low latencies. In our implementation based on Xilinx Virtex FPGAs, speed/area/power results from these processors are analyzed and shown to compare favorably with other well known FPGA based implementations.

  4. Pseudomonas aeruginosa AES-1 exhibits increased virulence gene expression during chronic infection of cystic fibrosis lung.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharna Naughton

    Full Text Available Pseudomonas aeruginosa, the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in people with cystic fibrosis (CF, adapts for survival in the CF lung through both mutation and gene expression changes. Frequent clonal strains such as the Australian Epidemic Strain-1 (AES-1, have increased ability to establish infection in the CF lung and to superimpose and replace infrequent clonal strains. Little is known about the factors underpinning these properties. Analysis has been hampered by lack of expression array templates containing CF-strain specific genes. We sequenced the genome of an acute infection AES-1 isolate from a CF infant (AES-1R and constructed a non-redundant micro-array (PANarray comprising AES-1R and seven other sequenced P. aeruginosa genomes. The unclosed AES-1R genome comprised 6.254Mbp and contained 6957 putative genes, including 338 not found in the other seven genomes. The PANarray contained 12,543 gene probe spots; comprising 12,147 P. aeruginosa gene probes, 326 quality-control probes and 70 probes for non-P. aeruginosa genes, including phage and plant genes. We grew AES-1R and its isogenic pair AES-1M, taken from the same patient 10.5 years later and not eradicated in the intervening period, in our validated artificial sputum medium (ASMDM and used the PANarray to compare gene expression of both in duplicate. 675 genes were differentially expressed between the isogenic pairs, including upregulation of alginate, biofilm, persistence genes and virulence-related genes such as dihydroorotase, uridylate kinase and cardiolipin synthase, in AES-1M. Non-PAO1 genes upregulated in AES-1M included pathogenesis-related (PAGI-5 genes present in strains PACS2 and PA7, and numerous phage genes. Elucidation of these genes' roles could lead to targeted treatment strategies for chronically infected CF patients.

  5. Design of Host Bus Adapter Based on FC-AE-ASM%基于FC-AE-ASM协议主机总线适配器设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁新治

    2016-01-01

    FC-AE-ASM协议是FC-AE网络中的一种上层协议,研究FC-AE-ASM网络的主机总线适配器具有重要的意义.本文对FC-AE协议以及ASM协议进行分析,设计并实现一种FC-AE-ASM网络的主机总线适配器,并从FC-AE协议主机总线适配器的系统结构设计、ASM消息收发机制等方面对该设计说明,最后通过实验验证了系统的可用性.

  6. Active phenomena in the pre-main sequence Herbig Ae star HD 163296

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catala, C.; Praderie, F.; Simon, T.; Talavera, A.; The, P. S.

    1989-01-01

    Observations by IUE of the short-term variability of the Mg II and Ca II resonance lines in the Herbig Ae star HD 163296 are presented. Evidence that these lines show a phenomenon of rotational modulation, similar to the one observed in AB Aur, another Herbig Ae star is found. The variations in the spectrum of HD 163296 are even more conspicuous than in the spectrum of AB Aur. Magnetically structured winds may thus be a widespread phenomenon among the pre-main sequence Herbig Ae/Be stars.

  7. Cross-correlation analysis of the AE index and the interplanetary magnetic field Bz component.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, C.-I.; Tsurutani, B.; Kawasaki, K.; Akasofu, S.-I.

    1973-01-01

    A cross-correlation study between magnetospheric activity (the AE index) and the southward-directed component of the interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) is made for a total of 792 hours (33 days) with a time resolution of about 5.5 min. The peak correlation tends to occur when the interplanetary data are shifted approximately 40 min later with respect to the AE index data. Cross-correlation analysis is conducted on some idealized wave forms to illustrate that this delay between southward turning of the IMF and the AE index should not be interpreted as being the duration of the growth phase.

  8. 19 CFR 4.76 - Procedures and responsibilities of carriers filing outbound vessel manifest information via the AES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... outbound vessel manifest information via the AES. 4.76 Section 4.76 Customs Duties U.S. CUSTOMS AND BORDER... manifest information via the AES. (a) The sea carrier's module. The Sea Carrier's Module is a component of... information will be transmitted to Customs via AES for each shipment as far in advance of departure...

  9. Detection of multiple AE signal by triaxial hodogram analysis; Sanjiku hodogram ho ni yoru taju acoustic emission no kenshutsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nagano, K.; Yamashita, T. [Muroran Institute of Technology, Hokkaido (Japan)

    1997-05-27

    In order to evaluate dynamic behavior of underground cracks, analysis and detection were attempted on multiple acoustic emission (AE) events. The multiple AE is a phenomenon in which multiple AE signals generated by underground cracks developed in an extremely short time interval are superimposed, and observed as one AE event. The multiple AE signal consists of two AE signals, whereas the second P-wave is supposed to have been inputted before the first S-wave is inputted. The first P-wave is inputted first, where linear three-dimensional particle movements are observed, but the movements are made random due to scattering and sensor characteristics. When the second P-wave is inputted, the linear particle movements are observed again, but are superimposed with the existing input signals and become multiple AE, which creates poor S/N ratio. The multiple AE detection determines it a multiple AE event when three conditions are met, i. e. a condition of equivalent time interval of a maximum value in a scalogram analysis, a condition of P-wave vibrating direction, and a condition of the linear particle movement. Seventy AE signals observed in the Kakkonda geothermal field were analyzed and AE signals that satisfy the multiple AE were detected. However, further development is required on an analysis method with high resolution for the time. 4 refs., 4 figs.

  10. The prediction of AE, ap, and Dst at time lags between 0 and 30 hours

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smart, D. F.; Garrett, H. B.; Shea, M. A.

    1979-01-01

    The magnetic activity indexes AE, ap, and Dst are correlated with approximately 35,000 hours of interplanetary plasma and magnetic field measurements acquired near the Earth (assembled by NASA/NSSDC into a composite data sat). Lag times between the indexes and solar wind parameters ranged from 0 to 30 hours. Correlations at lags less than 6 hours yield results in agreement with previous studies. At greater lags, the correlation coefficients between the solar wind parameters and AE and ap approach these parameters' autocorrelation (persistence) values. For Dst the correlation with solar wind parameters is lower than that with AE and ap in the 3 to 4 hour lag range whereas the autocorrelation of Dst is significantly higher over the entire 0 to 30 hour lag range. The implications of these differences between AE, ap, and Dst are discussed in terms of persistence of solar wind structure.

  11. Propagation of Flexural Mode AE Signals in GR/EP Composite Plates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prosser, W. H.; Gorman, M. R.

    1992-01-01

    It has been documented that AE signals propagate in thin plates as extensional and flexural plate modes. This was demonstrated using simulated AE sources (pencil lead breaks) by Gorman on thin aluminum and gr/ep composite plates and by Gorman and Prosser on thin aluminum plates. A typical signal from a pencil lead break source which identifies these two modes is shown. AE signals from transverse matrix cracking sources in gr/ep composite plates were also shown to propagate as plate modes by Gorman and Ziola. Smith showed that crack growth events in thin aluminum plates under spectrum fatigue loading produced signals that propagated as plate modes. Additionally, Prosser et al. showed that AE signals propagated as plate modes in a thin walled composite tube.

  12. ?Smart COPVs? - Continued Successful Development of JSC IR&D Acoustic Emissions (AE) SHM Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Develop and apply promising quantitative pass/fail criteria to CPV using acoustic emission (AE) and lay the foundation for continued development of an automated...

  13. The prediction of AE, ap, and Dst at time lags between 0 and 30 hours

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smart, D. F.; Garrett, H. B.; Shea, M. A.

    1979-01-01

    The magnetic activity indexes AE, ap, and Dst are correlated with approximately 35,000 hours of interplanetary plasma and magnetic field measurements acquired near the Earth (assembled by NASA/NSSDC into a composite data sat). Lag times between the indexes and solar wind parameters ranged from 0 to 30 hours. Correlations at lags less than 6 hours yield results in agreement with previous studies. At greater lags, the correlation coefficients between the solar wind parameters and AE and ap approach these parameters' autocorrelation (persistence) values. For Dst the correlation with solar wind parameters is lower than that with AE and ap in the 3 to 4 hour lag range whereas the autocorrelation of Dst is significantly higher over the entire 0 to 30 hour lag range. The implications of these differences between AE, ap, and Dst are discussed in terms of persistence of solar wind structure.

  14. Auroral Electrojet (AE, AL, AO, AU) - A Global Measure of Auroral Zone Magnetic Activity

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The AE index is derived from geomagnetic variations in the horizontal component observed at selected (10-13) observatories along the auroral zone in the northern...

  15. Complementary Metal-Oxide-Silicon (CMOS)-Memristor Hybrid Nanoelectronics for Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) Encryption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-01

    Encryption Standard (AES). This new hybrid CMOS/memristor technology will be available for future novel, emerging unconventional architecture with size...new encryption paradigms by changing the algorithm and building blocks that can fundamentally improve AES architecture and implementation. Thus, the...compatible HfO2 tool. Because of this, we have collaborated with Canon-Anelva ( Japan ), to deposit 15 nm of HfO2 on our M1 wafers by reactive sputtering. After

  16. Validation and empirical correction of MODIS AOT and AE over ocean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. A. J. Schutgens

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available We present a validation study of Collection 5 MODIS level 2 Aqua and Terra AOT (aerosol optical thickness and AE (Ångström exponent over ocean by comparison to coastal and island AERONET (AErosol RObotic NETwork sites for the years 2003–2009. We show that MODIS (MODerate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer AOT exhibits significant biases due to wind speed and cloudiness of the observed scene, while MODIS AE, although overall unbiased, exhibits less spatial contrast on global scales than the AERONET observations. The same behaviour can be seen when MODIS AOT is compared against Maritime Aerosol Network (MAN data, suggesting that the spatial coverage of our datasets does not preclude global conclusions. Thus, we develop empirical correction formulae for MODIS AOT and AE that significantly improve agreement of MODIS and AERONET observations. We show these correction formulae to be robust. Finally, we study random errors in the corrected MODIS AOT and AE and show that they mainly depend on AOT itself, although small contributions are present due to wind speed and cloud fraction in AOT random errors and due to AE and cloud fraction in AE random errors. Our analysis yields significantly higher random AOT errors than the official MODIS error estimate (0.03 + 0.05 τ, while random AE errors are smaller than might be expected. This new dataset of bias-corrected MODIS AOT and AE over ocean is intended for aerosol model validation and assimilation studies, but also has consequences as a stand-alone observational product. For instance, the corrected dataset suggests that much less fine mode aerosol is transported across the Pacific and Atlantic oceans.

  17. AE Geomagnetic Index Predictability for High Speed Solar Wind Streams: A Wavelet Decomposition Technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guarnieri, Fernando L.; Tsurutani, Bruce T.; Hajra, Rajkumar; Echer, Ezequiel; Gonzalez, Walter D.; Mannucci, Anthony J.

    2014-01-01

    High speed solar wind streams cause geomagnetic activity at Earth. In this study we have applied a wavelet interactive filtering and reconstruction technique on the solar wind magnetic field components and AE index series to allowed us to investigate the relationship between the two. The IMF Bz component was found as the most significant solar wind parameter responsible by the control of the AE activity. Assuming magnetic reconnection associated to southward directed Bz is the main mechanism transferring energy into the magnetosphere, we adjust parameters to forecast the AE index. The adjusted routine is able to forecast AE, based only on the Bz measured at the L1 Lagrangian point. This gives a prediction approximately 30-70 minutes in advance of the actual geomagnetic activity. The correlation coefficient between the observed AE data and the forecasted series reached values higher than 0.90. In some cases the forecast reproduced particularities observed in the signal very well.The high correlation values observed and the high efficacy of the forecasting can be taken as a confirmation that reconnection is the main physical mechanism responsible for the energy transfer during HILDCAAs. The study also shows that the IMF Bz component low frequencies are most important for AE prediction.

  18. Incorporation of Wave Pipelined Techniques into Composite S-Box and AES Architectures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Senthil Kumar

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Advanced Encryption Standard is one of the most successful techniques used in various security applications. The AES technique is known to provide reliable security standards, which is why it is preferred over many other methods. The AES architecture consists of S-Box, Shift-Rows, Mix-Columns and Add Round key. Improving the S-Box structure using pipelining improves the speed of operations along with the security. The main aim of this research study is to design a modified composite S-Box for low area, power and high Speed with high security for application in AES process. In this study, we propose a WPT in S-Box also controlling the registers with a clock-gate structure, to further reduce the operational delay and obtain high security. The modified S-Box is then included in the AES architecture with an additional modification on the overall AES architecture by introducing the WPT in every round of AES operation. This is not only improves the speed of operation and also it provides high security compared to many existing techniques along with the area and power reduction. Simulations have been performed in the ModelSim6.3c and Synthesis is carried out using Xilinx10.1.

  19. AE Geomagnetic Index Predictability for High Speed Solar Wind Streams: A Wavelet Decomposition Technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guarnieri, Fernando L.; Tsurutani, Bruce T.; Hajra, Rajkumar; Echer, Ezequiel; Gonzalez, Walter D.; Mannucci, Anthony J.

    2014-01-01

    High speed solar wind streams cause geomagnetic activity at Earth. In this study we have applied a wavelet interactive filtering and reconstruction technique on the solar wind magnetic field components and AE index series to allowed us to investigate the relationship between the two. The IMF Bz component was found as the most significant solar wind parameter responsible by the control of the AE activity. Assuming magnetic reconnection associated to southward directed Bz is the main mechanism transferring energy into the magnetosphere, we adjust parameters to forecast the AE index. The adjusted routine is able to forecast AE, based only on the Bz measured at the L1 Lagrangian point. This gives a prediction approximately 30-70 minutes in advance of the actual geomagnetic activity. The correlation coefficient between the observed AE data and the forecasted series reached values higher than 0.90. In some cases the forecast reproduced particularities observed in the signal very well.The high correlation values observed and the high efficacy of the forecasting can be taken as a confirmation that reconnection is the main physical mechanism responsible for the energy transfer during HILDCAAs. The study also shows that the IMF Bz component low frequencies are most important for AE prediction.

  20. Characterization of Maize Amylose-extender (ae) Mutant Starches. Part II: Structures and Properties of Starch Residues Remaining After Enzymatic Hydrolyis at Boiling-water Temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    GEMS-0067 maize ae-line starch developed by Truman State University and the Germplasm Enhancement of Maize (GEM) Project consisted of 39.4%-43.2% resistant-starch (RS), which was larger than the existing ae-line starches of H99ae, OH43ae, B89ae, and B84ae (11.5%-19.1%) as reported in part I of the s...

  1. The Old English "Hw(ae)t" and the Old Chinese "Hua,话"——A Look into the Etymology%Hw(ae)t本义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜彪

    2007-01-01

    Hw(ae)t为古英语史诗Beowulf的开篇语,此词在现代英语中没有准确的对应词.笔者认为:(1):Hw(ae)t代表着一个很古老的词根,本意为"话";它在印欧语系语言中派生出诸多的疑问代词,英语中几乎所有疑问代词都与之有关;(2)上古汉语中若干个与"说话"有关的词及疑问助词亦与此词根有关;(3)Hw(ae)t代表一种古老的口头文学的开篇形式.Beowulf与中国人口头文学(说书)的开篇形式完全一样,因此,为Hw(ae)t的本义为"话说".

  2. Crustal stress, seismicity, acoustic emission (AE), and tectonics: the Kefallinì;a (Greece) case study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gregori, G. P.; Poscolieri, M.; Paparo, G.; Ventrice, G.; de Simone, S.; Rafanelli, C.

    2009-04-01

    New inferences - confirming previous results (see references)- are presented dealing with a few years Acoustic Emission (AE) records collected at Kefallinìa (Ionian Islands, Greece). A physical distinction between HF (high frequency) vs. LF (low frequency) AE is required. Step-wise changes of the AE underground conductivity are evidenced, and can be suitably handled. "Smooth" results concern (i) the annual variation, (ii) some long-lasting stress "solitons" crossing through the area, and (iii) tidal effects. In particular, every AE station can be operated like a monitoring station both for Earth's tides and for the free oscillations of the Earth. In addition, Kefallinìa exhibits a much peculiar groundwater circulation, in which conduit flow is dominant, that originates a specific (and unique) AE effect. By means of AE time-series analysis, "extreme" or "catastrophic" events can be also monitored and possibly related to relevant tectonic occurrences (either earthquakes, or maybe other occasional phenomena). They can be investigated, and have a regional - rather than local - character. Therefore, every interpretation based on a single station record - being biased by some arbitrariness - can only result indicative. A standardized procedure and software is proposed for routine AE data handling and analysis. References.: Lagios et al., 2004. In Proc. SCI 2004 (The 8th World Multi-Conference on Systemics, Cybernetics and Informatic), Orlando, Florida, July 1004, 6 pp. Poscolieri et al., 2006. In. G. Cello and B. D. Malamud, (eds), 2006. Geol. Soc. London, Special Publ., 261, 63-78. Poscolieri et al., 2006a. Nat. Hazards Earth Syst. Sci., 6, 961-971.

  3. 基于蒙特卡罗法的FC-AE-ASM网络可靠性研究%Study on reliability of FC-AE-ASM network based on Monte Carlo method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易川; 翟正军; 羊昌燕

    2014-01-01

    To solve the reliability problem of FC-AE-ASM(Fibre Channel-Avionics Environment-Anonymous Subscriber Messaging)network, based on basic FC-AE-ASM network model, several redundancy structure of the FC-AE-ASM network is introduced. An analysis method of network reliability is proposed. A calculation method of all terminal network reliability and error analysis is developed. Combined with the complexity of the FC-AE-ASM network model that is con-sisted of multiple FC switches, the effect of link redundancy structure, link reliability and node reliability to network reli-ability are analyzed.%对于FC-AE-ASM网络的可靠性问题,从FC-AE-ASM网络的基本模型出发,介绍了两种FC-AE-ASM网络冗余结构;提出了基于蒙特卡罗仿真法的网络可靠性分析方法,给出了FC-AE-ASM网络全端可靠度计算方法,给出了仿真结果的误差分析公式;结合由多个FC交换机组成的复杂FC-AE-ASM网络模型实例,分析链路冗余结构、链路可靠概率和节点可靠概率对FC-AE-ASM网络可靠性的影响。

  4. Comportamento de Aedes albopictus e de Ae. scapularis adultos (Diptera: Culicidae no Sudeste do Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oswaldo Paulo Forattini

    2000-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Observar e comparar o comportamento das espécies de Aedes albopictus e de Ae. scapularis, na localidade de Pedrinhas, litoral sul do Estado de São Paulo, Brasil. MÉTODOS: As observações foram feitas de outubro de 1996 a janeiro de 2000. Foram realizadas coletas sistemáticas de formas adultas mediante a utilização de isca humana, aspirações ambientais e armadilha tipo Shannon. A domiciliação foi estimada pelo índice de Nuorteva e pela razão de sinantropia. RESULTADOS: Foram feitas 87 coletas diurnas, com a obtenção de 872 adultos fêmeas. As médias de Williams', multiplicadas por 100, foram de 118 e 21 para Ae. albopictus nos horários de 7h às 18h e de 18h às 20h, respectivamente. Quanto a Ae. scapularis, foram de 100 e 106 nos mesmos períodos. Esse último revelou pico de atividade crepuscular vespertina. Na aspiração de abrigos, obteve-se o total de 1.124 espécimens, dos quais 226 Ae. albopictus e 898 Ae. scapularis. O período de janeiro a maio correspondeu ao de maior rendimento para ambos os mosquitos. Quanto à armadilha de Shannon, as coletas realizadas na mata revelaram a ausência de Ae. albopictus. No que concerne à domiciliação, esse último mostrou os maiores valores de índices, enquanto Ae. scapularis revelou comportamento de tipo ubiquista. CONCLUSÕES: Os resultados confirmam outras observações, permitindo levantar hipóteses. Em relação a Ae. scapularis, sugere-se que possa existir fenômeno de diapausa das fêmeas no período verão-outono, a qual cessaria no inverno-primavera quando então a atividade seria retomada. Quanto a Ae. albopictus, os dados sugerem que se trata de população em processo adaptativo ao novo ambiente.

  5. Correlation between Earthquakes and AE Monitoring of Historical Buildings in Seismic Areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Lacidogna

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this contribution a new method for evaluating seismic risk in regional areas based on the acoustic emission (AE technique is proposed. Most earthquakes have precursors, i.e., phenomena of changes in the Earth’s physical-chemical properties that take place prior to an earthquake. Acoustic emissions in materials and earthquakes in the Earth’s crust, despite the fact that they take place on very different scales, are very similar phenomena; both are caused by a release of elastic energy from a source located in a medium. For the AE monitoring, two important constructions of Italian cultural heritage are considered: the chapel of the “Sacred Mountain of Varallo” and the “Asinelli Tower” of Bologna. They were monitored during earthquake sequences in their relative areas. By using the Grassberger-Procaccia algorithm, a statistical method of analysis was developed that detects AEs as earthquake precursors or aftershocks. Under certain conditions it was observed that AEs precede earthquakes. These considerations reinforce the idea that the AE monitoring can be considered an effective tool for earthquake risk evaluation.

  6. Phase stability in the systems AeAl(2-x)Mgx (Ae = Ca, Sr, Ba): electron concentration and size controlled variations on the laves phase structural theme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amerioun, Shahrad; Yokosawa, Tadahiro; Lidin, Sven; Häussermann, Ulrich

    2004-07-26

    The systems AeAl(2-x)Mgx (Ae = Ca, Sr, Ba) display electron concentration induced Laves phase structural changes. However, the complete sequence MgCu2 --> MgNi2 --> MgZn2 with increasing x (decreasing electron count) is only observed for Ae = Ca. Compounds SrAl(2-x)Mgx (0 MgNi2 --> MgZn2 occurs with increasing Mg content x. Thus, larger Sr does not allow the realization of the MgCu2 structure at low x. For Ae = Ba a binary compound BaAl2 does not exist, but more Ba-rich Ba7Al13 forms. The reinvestigation of the crystal structure of Ba7Al13 by selected area and convergent beam electron diffraction in a transmission electron microscope revealed a superstructure, which subsequently could be refined from single X-ray diffraction data. The formula unit of the superstructure is Ba21Al40 (space group P31m, Z = 1, a = 10.568(1) angstroms, c = 17.205(6) angstroms). In Ba21Al40 a size match problem between Ba and Al present in Ba7Al13 is resolved. The structure of Ba7Al13 (Ba21Al40) can be considered as a Ba excess variant of the hexagonal MgNi2 Laves phase type structure. An incommensurately modulated variant of the MgNi2 structure is obtained for phases BaAl(2-x)Mgx with x = 0.8-1. At even higher Mg concentrations a structural change to the proper MgZn2 type structure takes place. Copyright 2004 American Chemical Society

  7. Integrated interpretation of AE clusters and fracture system in Hijiori HDR artificial reservoir; Hijiori koon gantai jinko choryuso no AE cluster to kiretsu system ni kansuru togoteki kaishaku

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tezuka, K. [Japan Petroleum Exploration Corp., Tokyo (Japan); Niitsuma, H. [Tohoku University, Sendai (Japan)

    1997-05-27

    With regard to a fracture system in the Hijiori hot dry rock artificial reservoir, an attempt was made on an interpretation which integrates different data. Major factors that characterize development and performance of an artificial reservoir are composed of a fracture system in rocks, which acts as circulating water paths, a heat exchange face and a reservoir space. The system relates not only with crack density distribution, but also with cracks activated by water pressure fracturing, cracks generating acoustic emission (AE), and cracks working as major flow paths, all of which are characterized by having respective behaviors and roles. Characteristics are shown on AE cluster distribution, crack distribution, production zone and estimated stress fields. Mutual relationship among these elements was discussed based on the Coulomb`s theory. The most important paths are characterized by distribution of slippery cracks. Directions and appearance frequencies of the slippery cracks affect strongly directionality of the paths, which are governed by distribution of the cracks (weak face) and stress field. Among the slippery cracks, cracks that generate AE are cracks that release large energy when a slip occurs. Evaluation on slippery crack distribution is important. 7 refs., 8 figs.

  8. Evolution of microstructure and hardness of AE42 alloy after heat treatments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Huang, Y.D.; Dieringa, H.; Hort, N.;

    2008-01-01

    The AE42 magnesium alloy was developed for high pressure die casting (HPDC) from low-aluminum magnesium alloys. In this alloy the rare earth (RE) elements were shown to increase creep resistance by forming AlxREy intermetallics along the grain boundaries. The present work investigates...... the microstructure of squeeze cast AE42 magnesium alloy and evaluates its hardness before and after heat treatments. The change in hardness is discussed based on the microstructural observations. Some suggestions are given concerning future design of alloy compositions in order to improve high temperature creep...... properties even further. It is shown that the microstructure of the squeeze-cast AE42 alloy is stable at high temperature 450 degrees C. The subsequent solution and ageing treatments have a limited effect on the hardness. The weak age-hardening is attributed to the precipitation of small amount Of Mg17Al12...

  9. The use of MP-AES for analysis major and micronutrients in soils

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tonutare, Tonu; Rodima, Ako; Künnapas, Allan; Kõlli, Raimo; Albre, Imbi

    2016-04-01

    The ICP with OES or MS detectors is today the most common multielement technigues for soil element analysis. Although the micro-plasma has been available for decades, there were no commercially available instruments on the market. The situation changed in 2011 when the Agilent 4100 MP-AES appeared. The use of nitrogen plasma of the MP-AES provides reduction in the operational and maintenance costs compared to ICP and therefore makes it very perspective for soil analysis. The nitrogen microwave excited plasma has diferent properties compared to ICP argon plasma and this cause the specific behaviour of elements during the excitation. Here we present the results and optimal instrumental parameters for determination of soil nutrients (K, Ca, Mg, Fe and Zn) by MP-AES.

  10. Chemical spots on the surface of the strongly magnetic Herbig Ae star HD 101412

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Järvinen, S. P.; Hubrig, S.; Schöller, M.;

    2016-01-01

    Due to the knowledge of the rotation period and the presence of a rather strong surface magnetic field, the sharp-lined young Herbig Ae star HD 101412 with a rotation period of 42 d has become one of the most well-studied targets among the Herbig Ae stars. High-resolution HARPS polarimetric spectra...... of HD 101412 were recently obtained on seven different epochs. Our study of the spectral variability over the part of the rotation cycle covered by HARPS observations reveals that the line profiles of the elements Mg, Si, Ca, Ti, Cr, Mn, Fe, and Sr are clearly variable while He exhibits variability...

  11. Growth of Sn on Mo(110) studied by AES and STM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krupski, A.

    2011-07-01

    Scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) have been used to investigate the growth behavior of ultra-thin Sn films on a Mo(110) surface at room temperature. An analysis of STM and AES measurements indicates that layer-by-layer growth (Frank-van der Merwe mode) for the first two layers of Sn is observed. For submonolayer coverage, tin prefers to nucleate randomly and creates one atom high islands on Mo terraces. In the completed first and second layer, no ordered regions were observed. As the sample is post-annealed to 800 K, the rearrangement of an existing film suggests a Sn-Mo surface alloy formation.

  12. Correlation of AES FY 1978 program with energy-related environmental research needs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1976-08-01

    This report has a two-fold objective: (1) to identify major energy-related environmental concerns, needs, and problem areas, and (2) to show the relationship of the planned FY 1978 research program of the ERDA Assistant Administrator of Environment and Safety (AES) to those environmental issues. The document is organized into sections addressing each major energy form. Each section identifies environmental issues of an energy form and indicates the level of planned FY 78 AES research addressing each issue, thus delineating the links between environmental research and the needs of energy research, development, and demonstration (RD and D).

  13. Relating jet structure to photometric variability: the Herbig Ae star HD 163296

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.E. Ellerbroek; L. Podio; C. Dougados; S. Cabrit; M.L. Sitko; H. Sana; L. Kaper; A. de Koter; P.D. Klaassen; G.D. Mulders; I. Mendigutía; C.A. Grady; K. Grankin; H. van Winckel; F. Bacciotti; R.W. Russell; D.K. Lynch; H.B. Hammel; L.C. Beerman; A.N. Day; D.M. Huelsman; C. Werren; A. Henden; J. Grindlay

    2014-01-01

    Herbig Ae/Be stars are intermediate-mass pre-main sequence stars surrounded by circumstellar dust disks. Some are observed to produce jets, whose appearance as a sequence of shock fronts (knots) suggests a past episodic outflow variability. This "jet fossil record" can be used to reconstruct the out

  14. The onset of cluster formation around Herbig Ae/Be stars

    CERN Document Server

    Testi, L; Natta, A

    1999-01-01

    The large body of near infrared observations presented in Testi et al. (1997; 1998) are analysed with the aim of characterizing the young stellar clusters surrounding Herbig Ae/Be stars. The results confirm the tendency of early Be stars to be surrounded by dense clusters of lower mass "companions", while Ae stars are never found to be associated with conspicuous groups. The transition between the different environments appears to occur smoothly from Ae to Be stars without a sharp threshold. No correlation of the richness of the stellar groups detected is found with the galactic position or the age of the central Herbig Ae/Be star. The stellar volume densities estimated for the groups surrounding pre-main-sequence stars of intermediate mass show the transition from the low density aggregates of T Tauri stars and the dense clusters around massive stars. Only the most massive stars (10-20Msun) are found to be associated with dense (10^3 pc^-3) stellar clusters. This is exactly the mass regime at which the conve...

  15. Estimating the Willingness to Pay for the Benefit of AES Using the Contingent Valuation Method

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haile, D.T.; Slangen, L.H.G.

    2009-01-01

    This paper presents results of a contingent valuation study based on responses from household members living in Winterswijk, The Netherlands. The respondents are asked to report their preferences on a range of willingness to pay (WTP) for agri-environmental schemes (AES) provided by farmers. Estimat

  16. Vertical Transmission of Zika Virus by Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus Mosquitoes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciota, Alexander T; Bialosuknia, Sean M; Ehrbar, Dylan J; Kramer, Laura D

    2017-05-01

    To determine the potential role of vertical transmission in Zika virus expansion, we evaluated larval pools of perorally infected Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus adult female mosquitoes; ≈1/84 larvae tested were Zika virus-positive; and rates varied among mosquito populations. Thus, vertical transmission may play a role in Zika virus spread and maintenance.

  17. The anion exchanger Ae2 is required for enamel maturation in mouse teeth

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lyaruu, D.M.; Bronckers, A.L.J.J.; Mulder, L.; Mardones, P.; Medina, J.F.; Kellokumpu, S.; Oude Elferink, R.P.J.; Everts, V.

    2008-01-01

    One of the mechanisms by which epithelial cells regulate intracellular pH is exchanging bicarbonate for Cl-. We tested the hypothesis that in ameloblasts the anion exchanger-2 (Ae2) is involved in pH regulation during maturation stage amelogenesis. Quantitative X-ray microprobe mineral content analy

  18. Energy-efficient and security-optimized AES hardware design for ubiquitous computing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Yicheng; Zou Xuecheng; Liu Zhenglin; Han Yu; Zheng Zhaoxia

    2008-01-01

    Ubiquitous computing must incorporate a certain level of security.For the severely resource con-strained applications,the energy-efficient and small size cryptography algorithm implementation is a critical problem.Hardware implementations of the advanced encryption standard(AES)for authentication and encryption are presented.An energy consumption variable is derived to evaluate low-power design strategies for battery-powered devices.It proves that compact AES architectures fail to optimize the AES hardware energy,whereas reducing invalid switching activities and implementing power-optimized sub-modules are the reasonable methods.Implemen tations of different substitution box(S-Boxes)structures are presented with 0.25 μm 1.8 V CMOS(complementary metal oxide semiconductor)standard cell library.The comparisons and trade-offs among area,security,and power are explored.The experimental results show that Galois field composite S-Boxes have smaller size and higheat security but consume considerably more power,whereas decoder-switch-encoder S-Boxes have the best power characteristics with disadvantages in terms of size and security.The combination of these two type S-Boxes instead of homogeneous S-Boxes in AES circuit will lead to optimal schemes.The technique of latch-dividing data path is analyzed,and the quantitative simulation results demonstrate that this approach diminishes the glitches effectively at a very low hardware cost.

  19. Repression of HNF1α-mediated transcription by amino-terminal enhancer of split (AES)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, Eun Hee [Section of Structural Biology, Hormel Institute, University of Minnesota, Austin, MN 55912 (United States); Gorman, Amanda A. [Department of Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY 40536 (United States); Singh, Puja [Section of Structural Biology, Hormel Institute, University of Minnesota, Austin, MN 55912 (United States); Chi, Young-In, E-mail: ychi@hi.umn.edu [Section of Structural Biology, Hormel Institute, University of Minnesota, Austin, MN 55912 (United States)

    2015-12-04

    HNF1α (Hepatocyte Nuclear Factor 1α) is one of the master regulators in pancreatic beta-cell development and function, and the mutations in Hnf1α are the most common monogenic causes of diabetes mellitus. As a member of the POU transcription factor family, HNF1α exerts its gene regulatory function through various molecular interactions; however, there is a paucity of knowledge in their functional complex formation. In this study, we identified the Groucho protein AES (Amino-terminal Enhancer of Split) as a HNF1α-specific physical binding partner and functional repressor of HNF1α-mediated transcription, which has a direct link to glucose-stimulated insulin secretion in beta-cells that is impaired in the HNF1α mutation-driven diabetes. - Highlights: • We identified AES as a transcriptional repressor for HNF1α in pancreatic beta-cell. • AES's repressive activity was HNF1α-specific and was not observed with HNF1β. • AES interacts with the transactivation domain of HNF1α. • Small molecules can be designed or discovered to disrupt this interaction and improve insulin secretion and glucose homeostasis.

  20. Determination of Thorium and Ruthenium in Diuranate by ICP-AES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG; Qian-ci; TAO; Miao-miao; LUO; Zhong-yan; ZHAO; Li-fei; HAO; Xiao-juan

    2012-01-01

    <正>Thorium and ruthenium are important impurities that should be monitored in diuranate product. A method for determination of thorium and ruthenium in diuranate was established. Due to the complicated atomic lines of uranium, which have strict interference with that of thorium and ruthenium during determination by ICP-AES, thorium and ruthenium should be separated firstly from uranium matrix before measurement.

  1. Production and Perception of the English /ae/-/?/ Contrast in Switched-Dominance Speakers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casillas, Joseph V.; Simonet, Miquel

    2016-01-01

    This study investigates how fluent second-language (L2) learners of English produce and perceive the /ae/-/?/ vowel contrast of Southwestern American English. Two learner groups are examined: (1) early, proficient English speakers who were raised by Spanish-speaking families but who became dominant in English during childhood and, as adults, lack…

  2. Implementing AES via an Actively/Covertly Secure Dishonest-Majority MPC Protocol

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgård, Ivan Bjerre; Keller, Marcel; Keller, Enrique

    2012-01-01

    , but produces significant performance enhancements; the second enables us to perform bit-wise operations in characteristic two fields. As a bench mark application we present the evaluation of the AES cipher, a now standard bench marking example for multi-party computation. We need examine two different...

  3. Infection of adult Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus mosquitoes with the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scholte, E.J.; Takken, W.; Knols, B.G.J.

    2007-01-01

    This study describes a laboratory investigation on the use of the insect-pathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae against adult Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus mosquitoes. At a dosage of 1.6 × 1010 conidia/m2, applied on material that served as a mosquito resting site, an average of 87.1 ± 2.65% of

  4. Mechanical properties and microstructures of hot extruded AE42 alloy with addition of zinc

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Feng; LIU Zheng; CHEN Li-jia; YU Bao-yi; LIN Li

    2006-01-01

    Mechanical properties and microstructures of AE42 magnesium alloy with addition of Zn and subjected to hot extrusion at 370 ℃ and an extrusion ratio of 8-1 were investigated. The results show that for the AE42 alloy, the addition of Zn can obviously improve its elongation as well as the ultimate tensile and yield strengths below 150 ℃. The addition of Zn can refine the microstructure of the AE42 alloy, and result in the precipitation of Mg17Al12 and MgZn2 phases. Due to the addition of Zn to the AE42 alloy, the amount of Al11RE3 phase decreases, while the Al11RE3 phase becomes short rod-shaped from acicular and block, and distributes along the grain boundaries, which will have a stronger effect on the tensile properties of the alloy at elevated temperature. In addition, with the presence of MgZn2 precipitates, the sliding of grain boundaries is restrained and the strength of the alloy gets enhanced.

  5. Data of evolutionary structure change: 1A2AE-2NOTA [Confc[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 1A2AE-2NOTA 1A2A 2NOT E A NLLQFNKMIKEETG--KNAIPFYAFYGCYCGGGGNGKPK...A 2NOTA KKGCSPKMSAYD 1.309999942779541 tion> 0.1770000010728836 0.842000007...519989 0.7739999890327454 0.8339999914169312 -0.40299999713897705 0.37599998712539673 ...> 2NOT A 2NOTA <

  6. Investigation of Participation in Adult Education in Turkey: AES Data Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dincer, N. Nergiz; Tekin-Koru, Ayca; Askar, Petek

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study is to identify the determinants of participation in adult education in Turkey. The analysis is conducted using the Adult Education Survey (AES), conducted by TurkStat. The results indicate that economic growth in the sector of employment significantly and positively affects the odds for adult education participation. The data…

  7. Metal content determination in biodiesel samples by microwave mineralization and ICP-AES

    OpenAIRE

    Molina Mayo, Carlos; Garcia Salgado, Sara; Garcia Casillas, David; Brito Alayón, Andrea; Garcia Rodriguez, Teresa; Jimenez Moreno, Francisco; Quijano Nieto, M. Angeles; Bonilla Simon, M. Milagros

    2010-01-01

    El trabajo comprende la puesta a punto de un método de digestión, mediante calentamiento de microondas, de muestras de biodiesel obtenidas mediante catálisis homogénea de aceites vegetales, para la determinación de 20 elementos mediante ICP-AES.

  8. MAGIC search for VHE $\\gamma$-ray emission from AE Aquarii in a multiwavelength context

    CERN Document Server

    Aleksić, J; Antonelli, L A; Antoranz, P; Babic, A; Bangale, P; Barrio, J A; González, J Becerra; Bednarek, W; Bernardini, E; Biasuzzi, B; Biland, A; Blanch, O; Bonnefoy, S; Bonnoli, G; Borracci, F; Bretz, T; Carmona, E; Carosi, A; Colin, P; Colombo, E; Contreras, J L; Cortina, J; Covino, S; Da Vela, P; Dazzi, F; De Angelis, A; De Caneva, G; De Lotto, B; Wilhelmi, E de Oña; Mendez, C Delgado; Doert, M; Prester, D Dominis; Dorner, D; Doro, M; Einecke, S; Eisenacher, D; Elsaesser, D; Fonseca, M V; Font, L; Frantzen, K; Fruck, C; Galindo, D; López, R J García; Garczarczyk, M; Terrats, D Garrido; Gaug, M; Godinović, N; Muñoz, A González; Gozzini, S R; Hadasch, D; Hanabata, Y; Hayashida, M; Herrera, J; Hildebrand, D; Hose, J; Hrupec, D; Idec, W; Kadenius, V; Kellermann, H; Kodani, K; Konno, Y; Krause, J; Kubo, H; Kushida, J; La Barbera, A; Lelas, D; Lewandowska, N; Lindfors, E; Lombardi, S; López, M; López-Coto, R; López-Oramas, A; Lorenz, E; Lozano, I; Makariev, M; Mallot, K; Maneva, G; Mankuzhiyil, N; Mannheim, K; Maraschi, L; Marcote, B; Mariotti, M; Martínez, M; Mazin, D; Menzel, U; Miranda, J M; Mirzoyan, R; Moralejo, A; Munar-Adrover, P; Nakajima, D; Niedzwiecki, A; Nilsson, K; Nishijima, K; Noda, K; Nowak, N; Orito, R; Overkemping, A; Paiano, S; Palatiello, M; Paneque, D; Paoletti, R; Paredes, J M; Paredes-Fortuny, X; Persic, M; Moroni, P G Prada; Prandini, E; Preziuso, S; Puljak, I; Reinthal, R; Rhode, W; Ribó, M; Rico, J; Garcia, J Rodriguez; Rügamer, S; Saggion, A; Saito, T; Saito, K; Satalecka, K; Scalzotto, V; Scapin, V; Schultz, C; Schweizer, T; Sillanpää, A; Sitarek, J; Snidaric, I; Sobczynska, D; Spanier, F; Stamatescu, V; Stamerra, A; Steinbring, T; Storz, J; Strzys, M; Takalo, L; Takami, H; Tavecchio, F; Temnikov, P; Terzić, T; Tescaro, D; Teshima, M; Thaele, J; Tibolla, O; Torres, D F; Toyama, T; Treves, A; Uellenbeck, M; Vogler, P; Wagner, R M; Zanin, R; Bogosavljevic, M; Ioannou, Z; Mauche, C W; Palaiologou, E V; Pérez-Torres, M A; Tuominen, T

    2014-01-01

    It has been claimed that the nova-like cataclysmic variable (CV) AE Aquarii (AE Aqr) is a very-high-energy (VHE, $E>$100 GeV) source both on observational and theoretical grounds. We aim to search for VHE gamma-ray emission from AE Aqr during different states of the source at several wavelengths to confirm or rule out previous claims of detection of gamma-ray emission from this object. We report on observations of AE Aqr performed by MAGIC. The source was observed during 12 hours as part of a multiwavelength campaign carried out between May and June 2012 covering the optical, X-ray, and gamma-ray ranges. Besides MAGIC, the other facilities involved were the KVA, Skinakas, and Vidojevica telescopes in the optical and Swift in X-rays. We calculated integral upper limits coincident with different states of the source in the optical. We computed upper limits to the pulsed emission limiting the signal region to 30% of the phaseogram and we also searched for pulsed emission at different frequencies applying the Ray...

  9. Infection of adult Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus mosquitoes with the entomopathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scholte, E.J.; Takken, W.; Knols, B.G.J.

    2007-01-01

    This study describes a laboratory investigation on the use of the insect-pathogenic fungus Metarhizium anisopliae against adult Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus mosquitoes. At a dosage of 1.6 × 1010 conidia/m2, applied on material that served as a mosquito resting site, an average of 87.1 ± 2.65% of

  10. Output characteristics of a thin-film piezoelectric AE sensor for magnetic head-disk interaction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Imai, S.; Burger, G.J.; Lammerink, T.S.J.; Fluitman, J.H.J.

    1997-01-01

    A new type of acoustic emission (AE) sensor was developed for detecting head disk interaction in magnetic disk devices. In order to develop a small sensor, we used a thin-film piezoelectric material and mounted it on the Si slider using micromachining techniques. We conducted a basic experiment and

  11. Output characteristics of a thin-film piezoelectric AE sensor for magnetic head-disk interaction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Imai, Satomitsu; Burger, Gert-Jan; Lammerink, Theo S.J.; Fluitman, Jan H.J.

    1996-01-01

    A new type of acoustic emission (AE) sensor was developed for detecting head-disk interaction in magnetic disk devices. In order to develop a small sensor, we used a thin-film piezoelectric material and mounted it on the Si slider using micromachining techniques. We conducted a basic experiment and

  12. 76 FR 4089 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Automated Export System (AES) Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-24

    ... basis for the official U.S. export trade statistics. These statistics are used to determine the balance... policies that affect the economy. These data also enable U.S. businesses to develop practical export... economy. These data collected from the AES record are also used for export control purposes under Title 50...

  13. Flaring vs. self-shadowed disks: The SEDs of Herbig Ae/Be stars

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dullemond, C.P.; Dominik, C.

    2004-01-01

    Isolated Herbig Ae stars can be divided into two groups (Meeus et al. \\citeyear{meeuswatersbouw:2001}): those with an almost flat spectral energy distribution in the mid-infrared (``group I''), and those with a strong decline towards the far-infrared (``group II''). In this paper we show that the gr

  14. A Comparison of Van Allen Belt Radiation Environment Modeling Programs: AE8/AP8 Legacy, AE9/AP9, and SPENVIS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, Evan; Pellish, Jonathan

    2016-01-01

    In the space surrounding Earth there exists an active radiation environment consisting mostly of electrons and protons that have been trapped by Earths magnetic field. This radiation, also known as the Van Allen Belts, has the potential to damage man-made satellites in orbit; thus, proper precautions must be taken to shield NASA assets from this phenomenon. Data on the Van Allen Belts has been collected continuously by a multitude of space-based instruments since the beginning of space exploration. Subsequently, using theory to fill in the gaps in the collected data, computer models have been developed that take in the orbital information of a hypothetical mission and output the expected particle fluence and flux for that orbit. However, as new versions of the modeling system are released, users are left wondering how the new version differs from the old. Therefore, we performed a comparison of three different editions of the modeling system: AE8/AP8 (legacy), which is included in the model 9 graphical user interface as an option for ones calculations, AE9/AP9, and the Space Environment Information System (SPENVIS), which is an online-based form of AE8/AP8 developed by NASA and the European Space Agency that changed the code to allow the program to extrapolate data to predict fluence and flux at higher energies. Although this evaluation is still ongoing, it is predicted that the model 8 (legacy) and SPENVIS version will have identical outputs with the exception of the extended energy levels from SPENVIS, while model 9 will provide different fluences than model 8 based on additional magnetic field descriptions and on-orbit data.

  15. MANAGEMENT OF AE-CB/COPD: A SURVEY OF RESPIRATORY PHYSICIANS IN SOME REGIONS OF CHINA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Objective To investigate the bacteria spectrum isolated from AE-CB/ COPD and the manner of management of AE-CB/ COPD in respiratory or internal medicine department in some regions of China. Methods Respiratory physicians received questionnaire at randomization just after they managed a patient presenting to outpatient department with AE-CB/ COPD, on general conditions and symptoms of patients, type of examinations, diagnosis, type of antibiotics used and mode of administration. Results of sputum bacteria culture were followed up.Results Among the 1583 AE-CB/COPD , 63. 04% were male and 35. 19% were female. 54.6% of them were older than 60 years. 81.87% of the patients produced sputum. Sputum bacteria culture, chest X-ray and chest CT were carried out to 21.3%, 66. 3% and 11. 1% patients, respectively. 355 strains were isolated from patients whose sputum bacteria culture was positive. Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae and Moraxella catarrhalis were the three most isolates. 84. 7% of the 1583 AE-CB/COPD received 1692 times of antibiotic prescribing. The most frequently prescribed antibiotic were B-lactams (51.36% of all antibiotic prescribing), macrolides (14.01%) and quinolones (31.03%). Much more macrolides were prescribed in the area where more patients pay the medicines at his own expense than those in the area where more patients share public health service.Conclusion In China, respiratory physicians can reasonably select antibiotics to manage acute exacerbation of chronic bronchitis/ chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in pulmonary outpatient department. Sputum culture is done in part of the patients, but susceptibility tests are missing. One issue revealed by the survey is that the list of prescribing medications laid down by government have great influence on antibiotic use.

  16. 40 CFR 174.530 - Bacillus thuringiensis Cry2Ae protein in cotton; temporary exemption from the requirement of a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Bacillus thuringiensis Cry2Ae protein... REQUIREMENTS FOR PLANT-INCORPORATED PROTECTANTS Tolerances and Tolerance Exemptions § 174.530 Bacillus... Bacillus thuringiensis Cry2Ae protein in or on the food commodities of cotton, cotton; cotton,...

  17. 77 FR 6471 - Bacillus thuringiensis Cry2Ae Protein in Cotton; Exemption from the Requirement of a Tolerance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-08

    ... AGENCY 40 CFR Part 174 Bacillus thuringiensis Cry2Ae Protein in Cotton; Exemption from the Requirement of... regulation establishes an exemption from the requirement of a tolerance for residues of Bacillus... residues of Bacillus thuringiensis Cry2Ae protein in cotton under the FFDCA. DATES: This regulation...

  18. 75 FR 11169 - AES Sparrows Point LNG, LLC; Mid-Atlantic Express, LLC; Notice of Availability of the Revised...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-10

    ... Federal Energy Regulatory Commission AES Sparrows Point LNG, LLC; Mid-Atlantic Express, LLC; Notice of... Sparrows Point LNG Terminal and Pipeline Project March 1, 2010. The staff of the Federal Energy Regulatory... operation of a liquefied natural gas (LNG) import terminal and natural gas pipeline proposed by AES...

  19. 75 FR 20591 - AES Sparrows Point LNG, LLC and Mid-Atlantic Express, LLC; Notice of Final General Conformity...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-20

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission AES Sparrows Point LNG, LLC and Mid-Atlantic Express, LLC; Notice of Final General Conformity Determination for Pennsylvania for the Proposed Sparrows Point LNG Terminal and... liquefied natural gas (LNG) import terminal and natural gas pipeline proposed by AES Sparrows Point LNG,...

  20. [Software development of multi-element transient signal acquisition and processing with multi-channel ICP-AES].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Y; Zhuang, Z; Wang, X; Zhu, E; Liu, J

    2000-02-01

    A software for multi-channel ICP-AES multi-element transient signal acquisition and processing were developed in this paper. It has been successfully applied to signal acquisition and processing in many transient introduction techniques on-line hyphenated with multi-channel ICP-AES.

  1. Production of Mucosally Transmissible SHIV Challenge Stocks from HIV-1 Circulating Recombinant Form 01_AE env Sequences.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lawrence J Tartaglia

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Simian-human immunodeficiency virus (SHIV challenge stocks are critical for preclinical testing of vaccines, antibodies, and other interventions aimed to prevent HIV-1. A major unmet need for the field has been the lack of a SHIV challenge stock expressing circulating recombinant form 01_AE (CRF01_AE env sequences. We therefore sought to develop mucosally transmissible SHIV challenge stocks containing HIV-1 CRF01_AE env derived from acutely HIV-1 infected individuals from Thailand. SHIV-AE6, SHIV-AE6RM, and SHIV-AE16 contained env sequences that were >99% identical to the original HIV-1 isolate and did not require in vivo passaging. These viruses exhibited CCR5 tropism and displayed a tier 2 neutralization phenotype. These challenge stocks efficiently infected rhesus monkeys by the intrarectal route, replicated to high levels during acute infection, and established chronic viremia in a subset of animals. SHIV-AE16 was titrated for use in single, high dose as well as repetitive, low dose intrarectal challenge studies. These SHIV challenge stocks should facilitate the preclinical evaluation of vaccines, monoclonal antibodies, and other interventions targeted at preventing HIV-1 CRF01_AE infection.

  2. Effects of number of events and relay point density on accuracy of three-dimensional AE-tomography

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kobayashi, Y.; Shiotani, T.; Oda, K.

    2013-01-01

    This paper introduces results of numerical investigations on accuracy of elastic wave velocity distribution in Three-dimensional AE-Tomography. A series of numerical analyses is conducted by changing number of events and density of relay points for the investigation. AE-Tomography is an identificati

  3. 英语写作 AES 系统评分效度的实证研究%An empirical research into scoring validity of AES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海军

    2016-01-01

    英语写作自动评分系统( AES)在国外的英语写作测试和教学领域应用越来越广泛,但国内对其信、效度的实证研究还十分欠缺。以句酷网为例,从人分散度、相关性和等级一致性等方面研究了AES系统的评分效度。结果表明,尽管机器评分区分度不如人工评分,但其总的评分效度尚可,其结果的稳定性可以满足国内英语写作课堂教学的需要。%Although AES is playing a more and more important part in English writing tests and teaching abroad , little empirical research has been carried out into its reliability and validity in Chi-na.The research, a case study of Juku AES , investigated its scoring validity from the perspectives of person separability , consistency and classification agreement .It is concluded that the scoring va-lidity of Juku is so adequate as to satisfy the needs of English classroom writing tasks in spite of its relatively poorer discrimination .

  4. [Quantitative surface analysis of Pt-Co, Cu-Au and Cu-Ag alloy films by XPS and AES].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Lian-Zhong; Zhuo, Shang-Jun; Shen, Ru-Xiang; Qian, Rong; Gao, Jie

    2013-11-01

    In order to improve the quantitative analysis accuracy of AES, We associated XPS with AES and studied the method to reduce the error of AES quantitative analysis, selected Pt-Co, Cu-Au and Cu-Ag binary alloy thin-films as the samples, used XPS to correct AES quantitative analysis results by changing the auger sensitivity factors to make their quantitative analysis results more similar. Then we verified the accuracy of the quantitative analysis of AES when using the revised sensitivity factors by other samples with different composition ratio, and the results showed that the corrected relative sensitivity factors can reduce the error in quantitative analysis of AES to less than 10%. Peak defining is difficult in the form of the integral spectrum of AES analysis since choosing the starting point and ending point when determining the characteristic auger peak intensity area with great uncertainty, and to make analysis easier, we also processed data in the form of the differential spectrum, made quantitative analysis on the basis of peak to peak height instead of peak area, corrected the relative sensitivity factors, and verified the accuracy of quantitative analysis by the other samples with different composition ratio. The result showed that the analytical error in quantitative analysis of AES reduced to less than 9%. It showed that the accuracy of AES quantitative analysis can be highly improved by the way of associating XPS with AES to correct the auger sensitivity factors since the matrix effects are taken into account. Good consistency was presented, proving the feasibility of this method.

  5. Potential topical natural repellent against Ae. aegypti, Culex sp. and Anopheles sp. mosquitoes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewi Nur Hodijah

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakLatar belakang:Minyak atsiri daun sirih diketahui mempunyai daya proteksi. Dibuatkan losion berdasarkan pengantar sediaan farmasi yang ditambahkan minyak atsiri daun nilam. Sediaan losion dipilih agar dapat menempel lebih lama di permukaan kulit. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk membandingkan daya proteksi antara losion dengan penambahan minyak nilam dan losion tanpa penambahan minyak nilam dibandingkan daya proteksi dengan DEET. Metode: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian eksperimental laboratorium. Semua nyamuk uji berasal dari insektarium laboratorium penelitian kesehatan Loka litbang P2B2 Ciamis. Konsentrasi minyak atsiri daun sirih dalam losion adalah 4%; konsentrasi minyak nilam sebagai zat pengikat adalah 0,4%. Formula yang digunakan yaitu formula dasar yang ada pada pengantar sediaan farmasi. Uji repelensi dilakukan dengan menggunakan metoda yang direkomendasikan oleh Komisi pestisida.Hasil: Dihasilkan formulasi losion yang stabil dan masih memenuhi standar formulasi sediaan. Berdasarkan hasil, diperoleh data bahwa DEET dan losion hasil modifikasi memiliki rata-rata daya proteksi di atas 90% selama 6 jam terhadap nyamuk Ae.aegypti dan Culex sp. Kesimpulan: Penambahan minyak nilam pada losion sirih dapat meningkatkan daya proteksi terhadap hinggapan nyamuk Ae. aegypti dan Culex sp. (Health Science Indones 2014;1:44-8Kata kunci:repelen alamiah, minyak atsiri, daun sirih, daun nilam, Ae. aegypti, Culex sp.AbstractBackground: Betel leaf essential oil lotion has been known to have insect repellent properties. A lotion was made based on a pharmaceutical formula from a monograph where patchouli leaf essential oil was added. A lotion preparation was intended to enhance adherence of the formula on the surface of the skin. The purpose of this study was to compare protection percentage of lotion with patchouli oil and without patchouli oil lotion compared to DEET.Methods: This study is an experimental laboratory-based research. All mosquitoes

  6. Molecular evolution of HIV-1 CRF01_AE Env in Thai patients.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samatchaya Boonchawalit

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The envelope glycoproteins (Env, gp120 and gp41, are the most variable proteins of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1, and are the major targets of humoral immune responses against HIV-1. A circulating recombinant form of HIV-1, CRF01_AE, is prevalent throughout Southeast Asia; however, only limited information regarding the immunological characteristics of CRF01_AE Env is currently available. In this study, we attempted to examine the evolutionary pattern of CRF01_AE Env under the selection pressure of host immune responses. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: Peripheral blood samples were collected periodically over 3 years from 15 HIV-1-infected individuals residing in northern Thailand, and amplified env genes from the samples were subjected to computational analysis. The V5 region of gp120 showed highest variability in several samples over 3 years, whereas the V1/V2 and/or V4 regions of gp120 also showed high variability in many samples. In addition, the N-terminal part of the C3 region of gp120 showed highest amino acid diversity among the conserved regions of gp120. Chronological changes in the numbers of amino acid residues in gp120 variable regions and potential N-linked glycosylation (PNLG sites are involved in increasing the variability of Env gp120. Furthermore, the C3 region contained several amino acid residues potentially under positive selection, and APOBEC3 family protein-mediated G to A mutations were frequently detected in such residues. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: Several factors, including amino acid substitutions particularly in gp120 C3 and V5 regions as well as changes in the number of PNLG sites and in the length of gp120 variable regions, were revealed to be involved in the molecular evolution of CRF01_AE Env. In addition, a similar tendency was observed between CRF01_AE and subtype C Env with regard to the amino acid variation of gp120 V3 and C3 regions. These results may provide important information for

  7. The far-infrared behaviour of Herbig Ae/Be discs: Herschel PACS photometry

    CERN Document Server

    Pascual, N; Meeus, G; Marshall, J P; Mendigutía, I; Sandell, G

    2016-01-01

    Herbig Ae/Be objects are pre-main sequence stars surrounded by gas- and dust-rich circumstellar discs. These objects are in the throes of star and planet formation, and their characterisation informs us of the processes and outcomes of planet formation processes around intermediate mass stars. Here we analyse the spectral energy distributions of disc host stars observed by the Herschel Open Time Key Programme `Gas in Protoplanetary Systems'. We present Herschel/PACS far-infrared imaging observations of 22 Herbig Ae/Bes and 5 debris discs, combined with ancillary photometry spanning ultraviolet to sub-millimetre wavelengths. From these measurements we determine the diagnostics of disc evolution, along with the total excess, in three regimes spanning near-, mid-, and far-infrared wavelengths. Using appropriate statistical tests, these diagnostics are examined for correlations. We find that the far-infrared flux, where the disc becomes optically thin, is correlated with the millimetre flux, which provides a meas...

  8. Fracturing tests on reservoir rocks: Analysis of AE events and radial strain evolution

    CERN Document Server

    Pradhan, S; Fjær, E; Stenebråten, J; Lund, H K; Sønstebø, E F; Roy, S

    2015-01-01

    Fracturing in reservoir rocks is an important issue for the petroleum industry - as productivity can be enhanced by a controlled fracturing operation. Fracturing also has a big impact on CO2 storage, geothermal installation and gas production at and from the reservoir rocks. Therefore, understanding the fracturing behavior of different types of reservoir rocks is a basic need for planning field operations towards these activities. In our study, the fracturing of rock sample is monitored by Acoustic Emission (AE) and post-experiment Computer Tomography (CT) scans. The fracturing experiments have been performed on hollow cylinder cores of different rocks - sandstones and chalks. Our analysis show that the amplitudes and energies of acoustic events clearly indicate initiation and propagation of the main fractures. The amplitudes of AE events follow an exponential distribution while the energies follow a power law distribution. Time-evolution of the radial strain measured in the fracturing-test will later be comp...

  9. On using peak amplitude and rise time for AE source characterization

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    M A Majeed; C R L Murthy

    2002-06-01

    Acoustic Emission (AE) signals, which are electrical version of acoustic emissions, are usually analysed using a set of signal parameters. The major objective of signal analysis is to study the characteristics of the sources of emissions. Peak amplitude $(P_a)$ and rise time $(R_t)$ are two such parameters used for source characterization. In this paper, we theoretically investigate the efficiency of $P_a$ and $R_t$ to classify and characterize AE sources by modelling the input stress pulse and transducer. Analytical expressions obtained for $P_a$ and $R_t$ clearly indicate their use and efficiency for source characterization. It is believed that these results may be of use to investigators in areas like control systems and signal processing also.

  10. Comparison of low-temperature oxides on polycrystalline InP by AES, SIMS and XPS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kazmerski, L. L.; Ireland, P. J.; Sheldon, P.; Chu, T. L.; Chu, S. S.; Lin, C. L.

    1980-10-01

    Oxides and their interfaces with polycrystalline InP are examined using complementary high-resolution AES, SIMS and XPS. The oxides, grown by low-temperature dry and wet processes, are compared for composition and phase content. SIMS and AES depth-composition data are used to compare the uniformity of the oxide layers and the composition of the interfacial region. Confirmation of impurity accumulation at the oxide-InP interfaces is presented, including buildup of elemental P and InP dopant, S. Other impurities associated with the growth of the wet oxide are found to be localized at the interface. Some evidence of impurity accumulation at grain boundaries at the wet oxide-polycrystalline InP interface is provided by SIMS and EBIC.

  11. NuSTAR and swift observations of the fast rotating magnetized white dwarf AE Aquarii

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kitaguchi, Takao; An, Hongjun; Beloborodov, Andrei M.;

    2014-01-01

    AE Aquarii is a cataclysmic variable with the fastest known rotating magnetized white dwarf (P-spin = 33.08 s). Compared to many intermediate polars, AE Aquarii shows a soft X-ray spectrum with a very low luminosity (L-X similar to 10(31) erg s(-1)). We have analyzed overlapping observations...... of this system with the NuSTAR and the Swift X-ray observatories in 2012 September. We find the 0.5-30 keV spectra to be well fitted by either an optically thin thermal plasma model with three temperatures of 0.75(-0.45)(+0.18), 2.29(-0.82)(+0.96), and 9.33(-2.18)(+6.07) keV, or an optically thin thermal plasma...

  12. Research on tensile fracture process of ring-spun yarn based on AE technique and HHT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yajing XUE

    Full Text Available The audio signals of polyester filament and ring-spun yarn were collected respectively during tensile failure by self-built Acoustic Emission detection system (AE for short, which is based on the conventional yarn tensile strength tester. And then the Hilbert Huang transform (HHT program was compiled by Matlab software to analysis and process the collected signals, in order to get the time-frequency characteristics of each damage source in the yarn tensile fracture process. The results show that, AE signal via HHT can be identified two modes involved in polyester ring-spun yarn tensile fracture process, which are fiber fracture and fiber slippage. And the characteristic frequencies of the modes are 30, 20 kHz and 6, 3 kHz respectively. Thus, this paper provides an effective new approach for the analysis and further research of yarn tensile fracture mechanism.

  13. An up-to-date instrumentation system for detection, location and characterization of AE signals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belcredi, D.; Sala, A.; Tornelli, C.

    1988-11-01

    An acoustic emission data overseeing system (AEDOS) has been developed for detection, location, and multiparametrical analysis of AE events such as amplitude, rise time, duration, energy, and delay time. The equipment comprises three main sections: the 'in field part' to detect and condition the AE events; the 'front end' that collects all the signals, makes the first screening among the signals, and measures the main parameters of the events; and the 'computer' to set up the system, to store the data, to analyze and display parametric isthograms, graphics, and location maps, and to supply an easy menu driven interface to the operator. A detailed functional description including performance specification of the system is given.

  14. A SOPC-BASED Evaluation of AES for 2.4 GHz Wireless Network

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ken, Cai; Xiaoying, Liang

    In modern systems, data security is needed more than ever before and many cryptographic algorithms are utilized for security services. Wireless Sensor Networks (WSN) is an example of such technologies. In this paper an innovative SOPC-based approach for the security services evaluation in WSN is proposed that addresses the issues of scalability, flexible performance, and silicon efficiency for the hardware acceleration of encryption system. The design includes a Nios II processor together with custom designed modules for the Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) which has become the default choice for various security services in numerous applications. The objective of this mechanism is to present an efficient hardware realization of AES using very high speed integrated circuit hardware description language (Verilog HDL) and expand the usability for various applications. As compared to traditional customize processor design, the mechanism provides a very broad range of cost/performance points.

  15. FPGA Implementation of an Area Optimized Architecture for 128 bit AES Algorithm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Ramanathan

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at FPGA Implementation of an Area Optimized Architecture for 128 bit AES Algorithm. The conventional designs use a separate module for 32 bit byte substitution and 128 bit byte substitution. The 32 bit byte substitution is used in round key generation and the 128 bit byte substitution is used in the rounds. This report presents a modified architecture of 128 bit byte substitution module using a single 32 bit byte substitution module to reduce area.The AES encryption and decryption algorithm were designed using Verilog HDL. The functionality of the modules were checked using ModelSim. The simulations were carried out in ModelSim and Quartus II. The algorithm was implemented in FPGA and achieved a 2% reduction in the total logic element utilization

  16. Spectro-astrometric Study of HI emission lines from Herbig Ae/Be Stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cade Adams, Steven; Brittain, Sean D.; Dougados, Catherine; Benisty, Myriam; Podio, Linda; Whelan, Emma

    2015-01-01

    We present a spectro-astrometric study of the Pa β and Br γ lines from six Herbig Ae/Be stars using NIFS on Gemini North. The goal of this study is to determine the origin of the HI emission lines. By combining the high angular resolution ( 0.1") and intermediate spectral resolution (R~5000) of GEMINI/NIFS we measured the spectro-astrometric signal of the Pa β and Br γ emission lines at the 0.1 mas level. The HAe stars showed no significant spectro-astrometric signal, while the HBe stars did show significant detections. We compare our results to models and discuss the implications for understanding the origin of the HI lines in Herbig Ae/Be stars and their utility for measuring the accretion rate. We also discuss various artifacts in the data and prospects for more sensitive measurements in the future.

  17. Radio continuum observations of the Herbig Ae/Be stars HD 163296 and HR 5999

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, D. A.; Perez, M. R.; Yusef-Zadeh, F.

    1993-01-01

    Very Large Array (VLA) observations of the two bright Herbig Ae/Be stars HD 163296 and HR 5999 have been carried out at lambda 3.6 and 20 cm. We report the detection of a radio source at lambda 3.6 cm that may be associated with HD 163296. From the peak flux density of 0.39 mJy/beam area, we estimate a mass-loss rate of 1.8 x 10(exp -8) solar mass/yr if the flux is due to free-free emission in an ionized wind with spherical symmetry, assuming a terminal wind velocity of 200 km/s. HR 5999 was not detected at either wavelength. We discuss the results in terms of the stellar-driven and accretion-driven scenarios for line and wind formation in Herbig Ae/Be stars.

  18. On the Rapid Spin-down and Low Luminosity Pulsed Emission from AE Aquarii

    CERN Document Server

    Choi, C S; Choi, Chul-Sung; Yi, Insu

    1999-01-01

    AE Aqr is an unusual close binary system with a very short white dwarf spin period, a high spin-down rate, a relatively low quiescent luminosity, and clear pulse signals. The exact nature of the large spin-down power has not been well explained mainly due to the fact that the observed luminosities in various energy ranges are much lower than the spin-down power. We consider an unconventional picture of AE Aqr in which an accreting white dwarf, modeled as a magnetic dipole whose axis is misaligned with the spin axis, is rapidly spun-down via gravitational radiation emission and therefore the spin-down power is not directly connected to any observable electromagnetic emission.

  19. Modified Redundancy based Technique—a New Approach to Combat Error Propagation Effect of AES

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarkar, B.; Bhunia, C. T.; Maulik, U.

    2012-06-01

    Advanced encryption standard (AES) is a great research challenge. It has been developed to replace the data encryption standard (DES). AES suffers from a major limitation of error propagation effect. To tackle this limitation, two methods are available. One is redundancy based technique and the other one is bite based parity technique. The first one has a significant advantage of correcting any error on definite term over the second one but at the cost of higher level of overhead and hence lowering the processing speed. In this paper, a new approach based on the redundancy based technique is proposed that would certainly speed up the process of reliable encryption and hence the secured communication.

  20. Desktop system for accounting, audit, and research in A&E.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, C J; Brain, S G; Bull, F; Crosby, A C; Ferguson, D G

    1997-03-01

    The development of a database for audit, research, and accounting in accident and emergency (A&E) is described. The system uses a desktop computer, an optical scanner, sophisticated optical mark reader software, and workload management data. The system is highly flexible, easy to use, and at a cost of around 16,000 pounds affordable for larger departments wishing to move towards accounting. For smaller departments, it may be an alternative to full computerisation.

  1. SHOT PEENING INFLUENCE ON CORROSION RESISTANCE OF AE21 MAGNESIUM ALLOY

    OpenAIRE

    Branislav Hadzima; Michal Bukovina; Pavel Doležal

    2010-01-01

    Evaluation of the electrochemical characteristics of the AE21 magnesium alloy is presented in the article. The surfaces of tested alloys were treated by grinding and grinding followed by sodium bicarbonate shot-peening. The specimens were evaluated by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy method in combination with exposure tests in 0.1 NaCl solution. The exposition times were from 5 minutes to 168 hours. The measured data were analysed using equivalent circuits and polarization resistances ...

  2. A Novel Image Cryptosystem Based on S-AES and Chaotic Map

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bai Lan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a novel scheme based on simplified advanced encryption standard (S-AES for image encryption. Modified Arnold Map applied as diffusion technique for an image, and the key and dynamic S-box of encryption is generated by PWLCM. The goal is to balance rapidity and security of encryption. Experimental implementation has been done. This light encryption scheme shows resistance against chosen-plaintext attack and is suitable for sensor networks and IoT.

  3. Improving Corrosion Resistance of Stainless Steel by Yttrium Addition: An AES Analysis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    The influence of Y addition on the distribution of element concentrations in the passive film of high silicon stainless steel formed in 93% H2SO4 was comparatively studied by using auger electron spectroscopy (AES). The results show that 0.2%Y addition increases the SiO2 proportion in the passive film of stainless steel so that the formation of SiO2 enriched passive film from silicon in the alloy is brought into full play.

  4. ECONOMIC MODEL FOR EVALUATION OF INTEGRAL COMPETITIVENESS OF AUTOMOTIVE ENTERPRISES (AE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. F. Zubritsky

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper considers problems pertaining to evaluation of competitiveness of automotive enterprises in the field of international consignments. An economic model for determination of the integral AE competitiveness is proposed in the paper and the model permits to substitute an expert estimation in respect of some factors by their qualitative calculation on the basis of data on enterprise activity in the international consignment market.

  5. AE$\\mathrm{\\bar{g}}$IS Experiment Positron Accumulator: Optimization and Control

    CERN Document Server

    Moura, Joao Pedro

    2013-01-01

    The present document describes my 8-week work project at the AE$\\mathrm{\\bar{g}}$IS experiment. The project can be divided into three main tasks: 1. Theoretical preparation; 2. Support at the experiment; and 3. Control of the ES075-2 Power Supply. A description of these tasks is presented. Special emphasis is put on the third task and further developments are proposed.

  6. [Determination of Ag, Cu, Zn and Cd in silver brazing filler metals by ICP-AES].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, X

    1997-06-01

    A method of simultaneous and direct determination for Ag, Cu, Zn and Cd in silver brazing filler metals by ICP-AES is reported. The spectral interferences and effect of acidity have been investigated. Working conditions were optimized. The method has been applied to the analysis of silver brazing filler metals with RSD of 4-7% and recovery of 94-105%. This method was accurate, simple and rapid.

  7. LINFLUX-AE: A Turbomachinery Aeroelastic Code Based on a 3-D Linearized Euler Solver

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reddy, T. S. R.; Bakhle, M. A.; Trudell, J. J.; Mehmed, O.; Stefko, G. L.

    2004-01-01

    This report describes the development and validation of LINFLUX-AE, a turbomachinery aeroelastic code based on the linearized unsteady 3-D Euler solver, LINFLUX. A helical fan with flat plate geometry is selected as the test case for numerical validation. The steady solution required by LINFLUX is obtained from the nonlinear Euler/Navier Stokes solver TURBO-AE. The report briefly describes the salient features of LINFLUX and the details of the aeroelastic extension. The aeroelastic formulation is based on a modal approach. An eigenvalue formulation is used for flutter analysis. The unsteady aerodynamic forces required for flutter are obtained by running LINFLUX for each mode, interblade phase angle and frequency of interest. The unsteady aerodynamic forces for forced response analysis are obtained from LINFLUX for the prescribed excitation, interblade phase angle, and frequency. The forced response amplitude is calculated from the modal summation of the generalized displacements. The unsteady pressures, work done per cycle, eigenvalues and forced response amplitudes obtained from LINFLUX are compared with those obtained from LINSUB, TURBO-AE, ASTROP2, and ANSYS.

  8. Trigermanides AEGe{sub 3} (AE = Ca, Sr, Ba). Chemical bonding and superconductivity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castillo, Rodrigo; Schnelle, Walter; Baranov, Alexey I.; Burkhardt, Ulrich; Bobnar, Matej; Cardoso-Gil, Raul; Schwarz, Ulrich; Grin, Yuri [Max-Planck-Institut fuer Chemische Physik Fester Stoffe, Dresden (Germany)

    2016-08-01

    The crystal structures of the trigermanides AEGe{sub 3}(tI32) (AE = Ca, Sr, Ba; space group I4/mmm, for SrGe{sub 3}: a = 7.7873(1), c = 12.0622(3) Aa) comprise Ge{sub 2} dumbbells forming layered Ge substructures which enclose embedded AE atoms. The chemical bonding analysis by application of the electron localizability approach reveals a substantial charge transfer from the AE atoms to the germanium substructure. The bonding within the dumbbells is of the covalent two-center type. A detailed analysis of SrGe{sub 3} reveals that the interaction on the bond-opposite side of the Ge{sub 2} groups is not lone pair-like - as it would be expected from the Zintl-like interpretation of the crystal structure with anionic Ge layers separated by alkaline-earth cations - but multi-center strongly polar between the Ge{sub 2} dumbbells and the adjacent metal atoms. Similar atomic interactions are present in CaGe{sub 3} and BaGe{sub 3}. The variation of the alkaline-earth metal has a merely insignificant influence on the superconducting transition temperatures in the s,p-electron compounds AEGe{sub 3}.

  9. Variations of thermospheric composition according to AE-C data and CTIP modelling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Rishbeth

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Data from the Atmospheric Explorer C satellite, taken at middle and low latitudes in 1975-1978, are used to study latitudinal and month-by-month variations of thermospheric composition. The parameter used is the "compositional Ρ-parameter", related to the neutral atomic oxygen/molecular nitrogen concentration ratio. The midlatitude data show strong winter maxima of the atomic/molecular ratio, which account for the "seasonal anomaly" of the ionospheric F2-layer. When the AE-C data are compared with the empirical MSIS model and the computational CTIP ionosphere-thermosphere model, broadly similar features are found, but the AE-C data give a more molecular thermosphere than do the models, especially CTIP. In particular, CTIP badly overestimates the winter/summer change of composition, more so in the south than in the north. The semiannual variations at the equator and in southern latitudes, shown by CTIP and MSIS, appear more weakly in the AE-C data. Magnetic activity produces a more molecular thermosphere at high latitudes, and at mid-latitudes in summer.

    Key words. Atmospheric composition and structure (thermosphere – composition and chemistry

  10. Low-power and area-optimized VLSI implementation of AES coprocessor for Zigbee system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Zhen-rong; ZHUANG Yi-qi; ZHANG Chao; JIN Gang

    2009-01-01

    A low-power and low-cost advanced encryption standard (AES) coprocessor is proposed for Zigbee system-on-a-chip (SoC) design. The cost and power consumption of the proposed AES coprocessor are reduced considerably by optimizing the architectures of SubBytes/InvSubBytes and MixColumns/InvMixColumns, integrating the encryption and deeryption procedures together by the method of resource sharing, and using the hierarchical power management strategy based on finite state machine (FSM) and clock gating (CG) technologies. Based on SMIC 0.18 μm complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) technology, the scale of the AES coprocessor is only about 10.5 kgate, the corresponding power consumption is 69.1 μW/MHz,and the throughput is 32 Mb/s, which is reasonable and sufficient for Zigbee system. Compared with other designs, the proposed architecture consumes less power and fewer hardware resources, which is conducive to the Zigbee system and other portable devices.

  11. AE analysis of delamination crack propagation in carbon fiber-reinforced polymer materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoon, Sang Jae; Arakawa, Kazuo [Kyushu University, kasuga (Japan); Chen, Dingding [National University of Defense Technology, Changsha (China); Han, Seung Wook; Choi, Nak Sam [Hanyang University, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2015-01-15

    Delamination fracture behavior was investigated using acoustic emission (AE) analysis on carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP) samples manufactured using vacuum-assisted resin transfer molding (VARTM). CFRP plate was fabricated using unidirectional carbon fiber fabric with a lay-up of six plies [+30/-30]6 , and a Teflon film was inserted as a starter crack. Test pieces were sectioned from the inlet and vent of the mold, and packed between two rectangular epoxy plates to load using a universal testing machine. The AE signals were monitored during tensile loading using two sensors. The average tensile load of the inlet specimens was slightly larger than that of the vent specimens; however, the data exhibited significant scattering due to non-uniform resin distribution, and there was no statistically significant different between the strength of the samples sectioned from the inlet or outlet of the mold. Each of the specimens exhibited similar AE characteristics, regardless of whether they were from the inlet or vent of the mold. Four kinds of damage mechanism were observed: micro-cracking, fiber-resin matrix debonding, fiber pull-out, and fiber failure; and three stages of the crack propagation process were identified.

  12. The prevalence of weak magnetic fields in Herbig Ae stars: The case of PDS2

    CERN Document Server

    Hubrig, S; Schöller, M; Ilyin, I

    2015-01-01

    Models of magnetically driven accretion and outflows reproduce many observational properties of T Tauri stars, but the picture is much less clear for the Herbig Ae/Be stars, due to the poor knowledge of their magnetic field strength and topology. The Herbig Ae star PDS2 was previously included in two magnetic studies based on low-resolution spectropolarimetric observations. Only in one of these studies the presence of a weak mean longitudinal magnetic field was reported. In the present study, for the first time, high-resolution HARPS spectropolarimetric observations of PDS2 are used to investigate the presence of a magnetic field. A firm detection of a weak longitudinal magnetic field is achieved using the multi-line singular value decomposition method for Stokes profile reconstruction (=33+-5G). To gain better knowledge of typical magnetic field strengths in late Herbig Be and Herbig Ae stars, we compiled previous magnetic field measurements, revealing that only very few stars have fields stronger than 200G,...

  13. Fault Diagnosis of Automobile Crane Power Steering System Aided by ICP-AES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lidan Chen

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to evaluate an innovative application of inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES on the fault diagnosis of automobile crane hydraulic power steering (HPS system. Contents of Fe, Cu and Al were examined by ICP-AES in the oil samples of HPS system for four different mileages of Puyuan QY50H. The mileages were 2000-9000 km, 11000-19000 km, 21000-28000 km and 32000-40000 km separately. Database of major mental contents in automobile crane HPS system of Puyuan QY50H with different mileage were calibrated. Results showed that, major mental contents were increased with the increasing of driving mileage and the normal contents laid between two trend lines. Through the determination of mental contents in HPS oil sample and further compared them with the values in their database, we could not only evaluate the wear condition of automobile crane HPS system, but also helped to diagnose the faults without dissembled the problematic vehicle. The results further indicated that, in time maintenance, high quality and low cost reparation could be realized by the application of ICP-AES technology on fault diagnosis of automobile crane power steering system.

  14. Validation of the French version of the Acceptability E-scale (AES) for mental E-health systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Micoulaud-Franchi, Jean-Arthur; Sauteraud, Alain; Olive, Jérôme; Sagaspe, Patricia; Bioulac, Stéphanie; Philip, Pierre

    2016-03-30

    Despite the increasing use of E-health systems for mental-health organizations, there is a lack of psychometric tools to evaluate their acceptability by patients with mental disorders. Thus, this study aimed to translate and validate a French version of the Acceptability E-scale (AES), a 6-item self-reported questionnaire that evaluates the extent to which patients find E-health systems acceptable. A forward-backward translation of the AES was performed. The psychometric properties of the French AES version, with construct validity, internal structural validity and external validity (Pearson's coefficient between AES scores and depression symptoms on the Beck Depression Inventory II) were analyzed. In a sample of 178 patients (mean age=46.51 years, SD=12.91 years), the validation process revealed satisfactory psychometric properties: factor analysis revealed two factors: "Satisfaction" (3 items) and "Usability" (3 items) and Cronbach's alpha was 0.7. No significant relation was found between AES scores and depression symptoms. The French version of the AES revealed a two-factor scale that differs from the original version. In line with the importance of acceptability in mental health and with a view to E-health systems for patients with mental disorders, the use of the AES in psychiatry may provide important information on acceptability (i.e., satisfaction and usability).

  15. Multiple independent introductions of HIV-1 CRF01_AE identified in China: what are the implications for prevention?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yassir F Abubakar

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: HIV-1 CRF01_AE accounts for an important fraction of HIV infections in Asia including China, but little is known about the phylogenetic and evolutionary history of this CRF (circulating recombinant form. In the current study, we collected a large number of 1,957 CRF01_AE gag p17 sequences with known sampling year (1990-2010 from 5 global regions representing 15 countries to better understand the phylogenetic relationships and epidemic history of CRF01_AE strains in China. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: CRF01_AE gag p17 sequences were retrieved from public databases to explore phylogenetic relationships and phylogeographic dynamics of CRF01_AE in Asia by using maximum-likelihood phylogenetics and Bayesian coalescent-based analyses. We found close phylogenetic relationships between sequences from Thailand, Vietnam and China. Moreover, at least 5 independent introductions and 5 independent autochthonous clades of CRF01_AE, which descended from Thailand or Vietnam were identified in China from 1991 through 2003. CONCLUSION/SIGNIFICANCE: The current study not only defines the migration of CRF01_AE clades to/in Asia, but also demonstrates the criticalness of identifying the circulating strains in the population for the development of vaccine and microbicides.

  16. Fabrication of a high performance acoustic emission (AE) sensor to monitor and diagnose disturbances in HTS tapes and magnet systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Ju-Hyung; Song, Jung-Bin; Jeong, Young Hun; Lee, Young-Jin; Paik, Jong-Hoo; Kim, Woo-Seok; Lee, Haigun

    2010-02-01

    An acoustic emission (AE) technique was introduced as a non-destructive method to monitor sudden deformation caused by local heat concentrations and micro-cracks within superconductors and superconducting magnets. However, the detection of AE signals in a high temperature superconductor (HTS) tape is not easy because of its low signal to noise ratio caused by the noise from boiling liquid cryogen or mechanical vibration from the cryo-cooler. Therefore, high performance piezoelectric ceramics are needed to improve the sensitivity of the AE sensor. The aim of this study was to improve the piezoelectric and dielectric properties to enhance the performance of an AE sensor. This study examined the effects of Nb2O5 addition (0.0 wt.% to 2.0 wt.%) on the properties of high performance piezoelectric ceramics, Pb(Zr0.54 Ti0.46)O3 + 0.2 wt.% Cr2O3, sintered at 1200 °C for 2 h. The performance was examined with respect to the acoustic emission response of AE sensors manufactured using the specimens with various Nb2O5 contents. Superior sensor performance was obtained for the AE sensors fabricated with the specimens containing 1.0 wt.% to 1.5 wt.% Nb2O5. The performance and characteristics of the AE sensors were in accordance with their piezoelectric and dielectric properties.

  17. Integrated Design for Marketing and Manufacturing team: An examination of LA-ICP-AES in a mobile configuration. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1994-05-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) has identified the need for field-deployable elemental analysis devices that are safer, faster, and less expensive than the fixed laboratory procedures now used to screen hazardous waste sites. As a response to this need, the Technology Integration Program (TIP) created a mobile, field-deployable laser ablation-inductively coupled plasma-atomic emission spectrometry (LA-ICP-AES) sampling and analysis prototype. Although the elemental. screening prototype has been successfully field-tested, continued marketing and technical development efforts are required to transfer LA-ICP-AES technology to the commercial sector. TIP established and supported a student research and design group called the Integrated Design for Marketing and Manufacturing (IDMM) team to advance the technology transfer of mobile, field-deployable LA-ICP-AES. The IDMM team developed a conceptual design (which is detailed in this report) for a mobile, field-deployable LA-ICP-AES sampling and analysis system, and reports the following findings: Mobile, field-deployable LA-ICP-AES is commercially viable. Eventual regulatory acceptance of field-deployable LA-ICP-AES, while not a simple process, is likely. Further refinement of certain processes and components of LA-ICP-AES will enhance the device`s sensitivity and accuracy.

  18. Reconstituting the epidemic history of mono lineage of HIV-1 CRF01_AE in Guizhou province, Southern China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Haiyan; Sun, Binlian; Li, Lingnuo; Li, Yanpeng; Liu, Yong; Xiao, Yao; Jiang, Yan; Yang, Rongge

    2014-08-01

    Guizhou province, located between border provinces and Central province of China, plays a crucial role in the transmission of HIV-1, implying it is important to monitor the epidemic of HIV-1 in this region. Available HIV-1 infected patients' plasma (n=78) were collected from Tongren city, Eastern Guizhou. Full-length gag, partial pol and env gene sequences were amplified and analyzed using phylogenetic, recombinant and Bayesian molecular clock approaches. Phylogenetic and recombinant analyses showed that CRF01_AE predominated among injecting drug users and heterosexuals in Tongren city with 85.9% proportion, it was followed by B' (5.1%), CRF07_BC (3.8%), CRF08_BC (3.8%), and B (1.3%). Moreover, 98.5% of CRF01_AE strains belonged to the distinct lineage CRF01_AE-v previously found in Guangxi province. To infer the most probable origin of CRF01_AE-v in Guizhou province, we download all available full length of CRF01_AE gag, pol and env gene region sequences from China in Los Alamos HIV sequence database. Phylodynamic and phylogeographic analyses revealed that the expanding CRF01_AE-v epidemic in Guizhou province was the result of local epidemic driven by multiple independent introductions of CRF01_AE-v strains from Guangxi province in early 2000s. High prevalence of CRF01_AE in Guizhou province may bridge the epidemic to Central China. It provides a new insight for the understanding of HIV-1 epidemic in Guizhou province and makes the evolutionary history of CRF01_AE in China more intact. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Optical and scintillation properties of Ce:(Gd8AE2)(SiO4)6O2 (AE = Mg, Ca, Sr and Ba) crystals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igashira, Takuya; Mori, Masaki; Okada, Go; Kawaguchi, Noriaki; Yanagida, Takayuki

    2017-02-01

    1% Ce-doped and non-doped (Gd8AE2)(SiO4)6O2 (AE = Mg, Ca, Sr and Ba) (denoted as GMS, GCS, GSrS and GBS, respectively) single crystals were grown by the Floating Zone (FZ) method to evaluate their optical and scintillation properties. The Ce:GCS and Ce:GSrS samples exhibited scintillation and photoluminescence (PL) around 400 nm due to the 5d-4f transitions of Ce3+. On the other hand, Ce:GMS and Ce:GBS showed much weaker emissions in the wavelength range of 500-650 nm, in which the origin was associated with the host matrices. The PL decay curves were approximated by a double exponential decay function for all the Ce-doped samples. The decay times ranged around 10-30 and 40-90 ns, and faster components coincided with those of the non-doped samples. The scintillation decay curves of Ce-doped samples, on the other hand, were approximated by single exponential functions with slower decay constants than those of PL decay. These constants were very similar to those of non-doped samples. In the X-ray induced afterglow measurements, Ce:GCS exhibited the lowest afterglow level. The pulse height spectrum of these samples showed a full-energy peak under 241Am 5.5 MeV α-ray irradiation. Among these samples, Ce:GSrS exhibited the highest light yield which was around 600 ph/5.5 MeV-α.

  20. Epistatic roles of E2 glycoprotein mutations in adaption of chikungunya virus to Aedes albopictus and Ae. aegypti mosquitoes.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantin A Tsetsarkin

    Full Text Available Between 2005 and 2007 Chikungunya virus (CHIKV caused its largest outbreak/epidemic in documented history. An unusual feature of this epidemic is the involvement of Ae. albopictus as a principal vector. Previously we have demonstrated that a single mutation E1-A226V significantly changed the ability of the virus to infect and be transmitted by this vector when expressed in the background of well characterized CHIKV strains LR2006 OPY1 and 37997. However, in the current study we demonstrate that introduction of the E1-A226V mutation into the background of an infectious clone derived from the Ag41855 strain (isolated in Uganda in 1982 does not significantly increase infectivity for Ae. albopictus. In order to elucidate the genetic determinants that affect CHIKV sensitivity to the E1-A226V mutation in Ae. albopictus, the genomes of the LR2006 OPY1 and Ag41855 strains were used for construction of chimeric viruses and viruses with a specific combination of point mutations at selected positions. Based upon the midgut infection rates of the derived viruses in Ae. albopictus and Ae. aegypti mosquitoes, a critical role of the mutations at positions E2-60 and E2-211 on vector infection was revealed. The E2-G60D mutation was an important determinant of CHIKV infectivity for both Ae. albopictus and Ae. aegypti, but only moderately modulated the effect of the E1-A226V mutation in Ae. albopictus. However, the effect of the E2-I211T mutation with respect to mosquito infections was much more specific, strongly modifying the effect of the E1-A226V mutation in Ae. albopictus. In contrast, CHIKV infectivity for Ae. aegypti was not influenced by the E2-1211T mutation. The occurrence of the E2-60G and E2-211I residues among CHIKV isolates was analyzed, revealing a high prevalence of E2-211I among strains belonging to the Eastern/Central/South African (ECSA clade. This suggests that the E2-211I might be important for adaptation of CHIKV to some particular conditions

  1. Epistatic roles of E2 glycoprotein mutations in adaption of chikungunya virus to Aedes albopictus and Ae. aegypti mosquitoes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsetsarkin, Konstantin A; McGee, Charles E; Volk, Sara M; Vanlandingham, Dana L; Weaver, Scott C; Higgs, Stephen

    2009-08-31

    Between 2005 and 2007 Chikungunya virus (CHIKV) caused its largest outbreak/epidemic in documented history. An unusual feature of this epidemic is the involvement of Ae. albopictus as a principal vector. Previously we have demonstrated that a single mutation E1-A226V significantly changed the ability of the virus to infect and be transmitted by this vector when expressed in the background of well characterized CHIKV strains LR2006 OPY1 and 37997. However, in the current study we demonstrate that introduction of the E1-A226V mutation into the background of an infectious clone derived from the Ag41855 strain (isolated in Uganda in 1982) does not significantly increase infectivity for Ae. albopictus. In order to elucidate the genetic determinants that affect CHIKV sensitivity to the E1-A226V mutation in Ae. albopictus, the genomes of the LR2006 OPY1 and Ag41855 strains were used for construction of chimeric viruses and viruses with a specific combination of point mutations at selected positions. Based upon the midgut infection rates of the derived viruses in Ae. albopictus and Ae. aegypti mosquitoes, a critical role of the mutations at positions E2-60 and E2-211 on vector infection was revealed. The E2-G60D mutation was an important determinant of CHIKV infectivity for both Ae. albopictus and Ae. aegypti, but only moderately modulated the effect of the E1-A226V mutation in Ae. albopictus. However, the effect of the E2-I211T mutation with respect to mosquito infections was much more specific, strongly modifying the effect of the E1-A226V mutation in Ae. albopictus. In contrast, CHIKV infectivity for Ae. aegypti was not influenced by the E2-1211T mutation. The occurrence of the E2-60G and E2-211I residues among CHIKV isolates was analyzed, revealing a high prevalence of E2-211I among strains belonging to the Eastern/Central/South African (ECSA) clade. This suggests that the E2-211I might be important for adaptation of CHIKV to some particular conditions prevalent in

  2. Low Cost Design of an Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) Processor Using a New Common-Subexpression-Elimination Algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ming-Chih; Hsiao, Shen-Fu

    In this paper, we propose an area-efficient design of Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) processor by applying a new common-expression-elimination (CSE) method to the sub-functions of various transformations required in AES. The proposed method reduces the area cost of realizing the sub-functions by extracting the common factors in the bit-level XOR/AND-based sum-of-product expressions of these sub-functions using a new CSE algorithm. Cell-based implementation results show that the AES processor with our proposed CSE method has significant area improvement compared with previous designs.

  3. AE-941, a multifunctional antiangiogenic compound: trials in renal cell carcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bukowski, Ronald M

    2003-08-01

    The therapy of renal cell carcinoma remains a challenge for medical oncologists and urologists. During the past 10 years, the molecular abnormalities occurring in various subtypes of renal cancer, such as clear cell renal carcinoma, have been well described. The genetic abnormalities found in clear cell tumours involve chromosome 3p and, additionally, hypermethylation of the von Hippel-Lindau (VHL) gene can be detected. The VHL protein is involved in the angiogenic cascade in non-hypoxic conditions, and the possible role of mutant or hypermethylated VHL protein in promoting angiogenesis is, therefore, of interest. The majority of patients with renal cell carcinoma who receive treatment, such as IL-2 and/or IFN, fail and develop progressive disease. Therapy is therefore inadequate and novel approaches, such as those inhibiting angiogenesis, are of interest. The agent AE-941 (Neovostat trade mark; AEterna) was developed based on the observation that shark cartilage may contain biologically active inhibitors of angiogenesis. A variety of in vitro and in vivo activities of this preparation have been identified. At the molecular level, AE-941 appears to exhibit four different potential mechanisms of action: modulation of matrix proteases; inhibition of vascular endothelial growth factor binding to its receptor; induction of endothelial cell apoptosis; and stimulation of angiostatin production. The antitumour effects of AE-941 are seen in multiple murine models and involve not only effects on primary tumour growth but also on development of metastases. AE-941 is administered orally and has an excellent toxicity profile. Of interest are the findings in patients with renal cell carcinoma. Preliminary trials in this setting have suggested that responses to AE-941 occur and that patients receiving higher doses of this agent may have improved survival. Based on these preliminary data, a large, multi-institutional, randomised, Phase III trial of this agent has now been

  4. Validation of the new trapped environment AE9/AP9/SPM at low Earth orbit

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badavi, Francis F.

    2014-09-01

    The completion of the international space station (ISS) in 2011 has provided the space research community an ideal proving ground for future long duration human activities in space. Ionizing radiation measurements in ISS form the ideal tool for the validation of radiation environmental models, nuclear transport codes and nuclear reaction cross sections. Indeed, prior measurements on the space transportation system (STS; shuttle) provided vital information impacting both the environmental models and the nuclear transport code developments by indicating the need for an improved dynamic model of the low Earth orbit (LEO) trapped environment. Additional studies using thermo-luminescent detector (TLD), tissue equivalent proportional counter (TEPC) area monitors, and computer aided design (CAD) model of earlier ISS configurations, confirmed STS observations that, as input, computational dosimetry requires an environmental model with dynamic and directional (anisotropic) behavior, as well as an accurate six degree of freedom (DOF) definition of the vehicle attitude and orientation along the orbit of ISS. At LEO, a vehicle encounters exposure from trapped particles and attenuated galactic cosmic rays (GCR). Within the trapped field, a challenge arises from properly estimating the amount of exposure acquired. There exist a number of models to define the intensities of the trapped particles during the solar quiet and active times. At active times, solar energetic particles (SEP) generated by solar flare or coronal mass ejection (CME) also contribute to the exposure at high northern and southern latitudes. Among the more established trapped models are the historic and popular AE8/AP8, dating back to the 1980s, the historic and less popular CRRES electron/proton, dating back to 1990s and the recently released AE9/AP9/SPM. The AE9/AP9/SPM model is a major improvement over the older AE8/AP8 and CRRES models. This model is derived from numerous measurements acquired over four

  5. Research on FC-AE-1553B Network Performance with Different Topology Structure%不同拓扑结构FC-AE-1553B网络性能研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈勇; 林宝军; 张善从

    2011-01-01

    Three kinds of FC-AE-1553B network topology structures are studied in this paper, including point-to-point topology, fabric topology and arbitrated loop topology. The Markov model of FC-AE-1553B network is built, and the effect of the single-point fault on three kinds of FC-AE-1553B network is analyzed. Simulation results show that point-to-point topology has the lowest data transmission delays from NT node to NC node, and the fabric topology lowest data transmission delays from NT node to NT node.%研究点对点、交换式与仲裁环3种不同拓扑结构的网络,建立FC-AE- 1553B网络的Markov模型,并分析单点故障对不同拓扑结构总线的影响.仿真结果表明,基于点对点结构的FC-AE-1553B网络在传输NT 节点到NC节点的数据流时,具有最小时延,基于交换机实现的FC-AE-1553B网络在传输NT节点到NT节点的数据时,传输性能较优.

  6. Data on cytotoxicity in HeLa and SU-DHL-4 cells exposed to DPB162-AE compound.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bittremieux, Mart; Mikoshiba, Katsuhiko; Bultynck, Geert

    2017-06-01

    DPB162-AE is a valuable tool to study store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE), as this compound was developed as a 2-APB analog that inhibits SOCE more potently and more selectively than 2-APB itself. In addition to this, we showed that, in some conditions, DPB162-AE can deplete the endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) stores in intact cells, including the cervical carcinoma HeLa cell line and the diffuse large B-cell lymphoma SU-DHL-4 cell line. Here, we present data regarding the toxicity of DPB162-AE in HeLa and SU-DHL-4 cells. For further interpretation of the data presented in this article, please see the research article 'DPB162-AE, an inhibitor of store-operated Ca(2+) entry, can deplete the endoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) store' (M. Bittremieux, J. V. Gerasimenko, M. Schuermans, T. Luyten, E. Stapleton, K.J. Alzayady, et al., 2017) [1].

  7. The Epidemic Dynamics of Four Major Lineages of HIV-1 CRF01_AE Strains After Their Introduction into China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeng, Haiyan; Li, Tingting; Wang, Yan; Sun, Binlian; Yang, Rongge

    2016-05-01

    The epidemic of HIV-1 CRF01_AE in China was driven by multiple lineages of HIV-1 viruses introduced in the 1990s and increasing; it is important to investigate their epidemic status in China. In this study, we download all available CRF01_AE sequences (n = 2,931) from China and their associated epidemiological information in the Los Alamos HIV database for our analysis to explore their epidemic status in China. The results showed there were 11 distinct clusters of CRF01_AE strains in China, and 4 major clusters that accounted for 80.0% (1,793/2,241) of Chinese CRF01_AE strains in total had led a real epidemic. Clusters 1 and 2 were epidemic among heterosexuals and injecting drug users in southern and southwestern China, while Clusters 3 and 4 were predominant among homosexuals in eastern and central China and northeastern China, respectively. HIV-1 CRF01_AE strains detected in heterosexuals had the most complex characteristic, underscoring its important role in the occurrence of multiple CRF01_AE lineages. Furthermore, epidemic history reconstruction analysis using the birth-death susceptible-infected-removed package revealed that the four clusters had gone through varying epidemic stages. Clusters 2 and 3 were near the peak of the local epidemic, while Clusters 1 and 4 were just in the very early stage of their epidemic. The epidemic status of CRF01_AE clusters in the future is mainly determined by the effect of prevention and control. Our study provides new insights into the understanding of the epidemic dynamics of CRF01_AE in China.

  8. Access Driven Cache Timing Attack Against AES%AES访问驱动Cache计时攻击

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵新杰; 王韬; 郭世泽; 郑媛媛

    2011-01-01

    Firstly, this paper displays an access driven Cache timing attack model, proposes non-elimination and elimination two general methods to analyze Cache information leakage during AES encryption, and builds the Cache information leakage model. Next, it uses quantitative analysis to attack a sample with the above elimination analysis method, and provides some solutions for the potential problems of a real attack. Finally, this paper describes 12 local and remote attacks on AES in OpenSSL v.0.9.Sa, v.0.9.Sj. Experiment results demonstrate that:the access driven Cache timing attack has strong applicability in both local and remote environments; the AES lookup table and Cache structure decide that AES is vulnerable to this type of attack, the least sample size required to recover a full AES key is about 13; the last round A.ES implementation in OpenSSL v.0.9.Sj, which abandoned the T4 lookup table, cannot secure itself from the access driven Cache timing attack; the attack results strongly verify the correctness of the quantitative Cache information leakage theory and key analysis methods above.%首先给出了访问驱动Cache计时攻击的模型,提出了该模型下直接分析、排除分析两种通用的AES加密泄漏Cache信息分析方法;然后建立了AES加密Cache信息泄露模型,并在此基础上对排除分析攻击所需样本量进行了定量分析,给出了攻击中可能遇到问题的解决方案;最后结合OpenSSL v.0.9.8a,v.0.9.8j中两种典型的AES实现在Windows环境下进行了本地和远程攻击共12个实验.实验结果表明,访问驱动Cache计时攻击在本地和远程均具有良好的可行性;AES查找表和Cache结构本身决定了AES易遭受访问驱动Cache计时攻击威胁,攻击最小样本量仅为13;去除T4表的OpenSSL v.0.9.8j中AES最后一轮实现并不能防御该攻击;实验结果多次验证了AES加密Cache信息泄露和密钥分析理论的正确性.

  9. Search for gamma-ray emission from AE Aquarii with seven years of FERMI-LAT observations

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Jian; Rea, Nanda; Wilhelmi, Emma de Ona; Papitto, Alessandro; Hou, Xian; Mauche, Christopher W

    2016-01-01

    AE Aquarii (AE Aqr) is a cataclysmic binary hosting one of the fastest rotating (P$_{\\rm spin}$ = 33.08 s) white dwarfs known. Based on seven years of Fermi Large Area Telescope (LAT) Pass 8 data, we report on a deep search for gamma-ray emission from AE Aqr. Using X-ray observations from ASCA, XMM-Newton, Chandra, Swift, Suzaku, and NuSTAR, spanning 20 years, we substantially extend and improve the spin ephemeris of AE Aqr. Using this ephemeris, we searched for gamma-ray pulsations at the spin period of the white dwarf. No gamma-ray pulsations were detected above 3 $\\sigma$ significance. Neither phase-averaged gamma-ray emission nor gamma-ray variability of AE Aquarii is detected by Fermi-LAT. We impose the most restrictive upper limit to the gamma-ray flux from AE Aqr to date: $1.3\\times 10^{-12}$ erg cm$^{-2}$ s$^{-1}$ in the 100 MeV-300 GeV energy range, providing constraints on models.

  10. Aerosol absorption coefficient and Equivalent Black Carbon by parallel operation of AE31 and AE33 aethalometers at the Zeppelin station, Ny Ålesund, Svalbard

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eleftheriadis, Konstantinos; Kalogridis, Athina-Cerise; Vratolis, Sterios; Fiebig, Markus

    2016-04-01

    Light absorbing carbon in atmospheric aerosol plays a critical role in radiative forcing and climate change. Despite the long term measurements across the Arctic, comparing data obtained by a variety of methods across stations requires caution. A method for extracting the aerosol absorption coefficient from data obtained over the decades by filter based instrument is still under development. An IASOA Aerosol working group has been initiated to address this and other cross-site aerosol comparison opportunities. Continuous ambient measurements of EBC/light attenuation by means of a Magee Sci. AE-31 aethalometer operating at the Zeppelinfjellet station (474 m asl; 78°54'N, 11°53'E), Ny Ålesund, Svalbard, have been available since 2001 (Eleftheriadis et al, 2009), while a new aethalometer model (AE33, Drinovec et al, 2014) has been installed to operate in parallel from the same inlet since June 2015. Measurements are recorded by a Labview routine collecting all available parameters reported by the two instrument via RS232 protocol. Data are reported at 1 and 10 minute intervals as averages for EBC (μg m-3) and aerosol absorption coefficients (Mm-1) by means of routine designed to report Near Real Time NRT data at the EBAS WDCA database (ebas.nilu.no) Results for the first 6 month period are reported here in an attempt to evaluate comparative performance of the two instruments in terms of their response with respect to the variable aerosol load of light absorbing carbon during the warm and cold seasons found in the high arctic. The application of available conversion schemes for obtaining the absorption coefficient by the two instruments is found to demonstrate a marked difference in their output. During clean periods of low aerosol load (EBC agreement with regression slope for the 880 nm signal between the two at ~ 0.9 compared to a slope at ~ 0.6 during the period of higher absorbing carbon loads (400Arctic: Measurements at Zeppelin station, Ny-Ålesund, Svalbard

  11. SHOT PEENING INFLUENCE ON CORROSION RESISTANCE OF AE21 MAGNESIUM ALLOY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Branislav Hadzima

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Evaluation of the electrochemical characteristics of the AE21 magnesium alloy is presented in the article. The surfaces of tested alloys were treated by grinding and grinding followed by sodium bicarbonate shot-peening. The specimens were evaluated by electrochemical impedance spectroscopy method in combination with exposure tests in 0.1 NaCl solution. The exposition times were from 5 minutes to 168 hours. The measured data were analysed using equivalent circuits and polarization resistances of the various corrosion systems were determined. Results of the electrochemical measurements are complemented by metallographical evaluation of the tested alloy.

  12. Multipactor suppressing titanium nitride thin films analyzed through XPS and AES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Castro C, M.; Durrer, W.; Lopez, J. A.; Pinales, L. A. [Physics Department, University of Texas, El Paso TX 79968 (United States); Encinas B, C.; Moller, D. [Centro de Investigacion en Materiales Avanzados S. C., Miguel de Cervantes Saavedra 120, Complejo Industrial Chihuahua, 31109 Chihuahua (Mexico)

    2008-02-15

    Cathodic-magnetron-deposited titanium nitride films were grown on anodized aluminum substrates and studied via AES and XPS spectroscopies to determine their depth-dependence composition. As it is well known, the native oxide grown on aluminum does not make the substrate impervious to radio frequency damage, and typically a thin film coating is needed to suppress substrate damage. In this article we present the profile composition of titanium nitride films, used as a protective coating for aluminum, that underwent prior conditioning through anodization, observed after successive sputtering stages. (Author)

  13. Allimacrosides A-E, new steroidal glycosides from Allium macrostemon Bunge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Yun Sik; Suh, Won Se; Park, Kyoung Jin; Choi, Sang Un; Lee, Kang Ro

    2017-02-01

    A new pregnane-type steroidal glycoside (1), two new spirostane-type steroidal glycosides (2, 3), and two new furostane-type steroidal glycosides (4, 5), named allimacrosides A-E, together with four known compounds (6-9) were isolated from a 80% MeOH extract of Allium macrostemon Bunge. The identification and structural elucidation of these compounds were based on their 1D- and 2D-NMR spectra, and HR-FAB-MS data analysis. The isolated compounds were tested for cytotoxicity against four human tumor cell lines in vitro using the sulforhodamine B bioassay.

  14. Synthesis of hybrid sol-gel coatings for corrosion protection of we54-ae magnesium alloy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández-Barrios, C. A.; Duarte, N. Z.; Hernández, L. M.; Peña, D. Y.; Coy, A. E.; Viejo, F.

    2013-11-01

    The present work shows some preliminary results related to the synthesis, characterization and corrosion evaluation of different hybrid sol-gel coatings applied on the WE54-AE magnesium alloy attending to the two experimental variables, i.e. the precursors ratio and the aging time, which may affect the quality and the electrochemical properties of the coatings resultant. The experimental results confirmed that, under some specific experimental conditions, it was possible to obtain homogeneous and uniform, porous coatings with good corrosion resistance that also permit to accommodate corrosion inhibitors.

  15. Desktop system for accounting, audit, and research in A&E.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, C J; Brain, S G; Bull, F; Crosby, A C; Ferguson, D G

    1997-01-01

    The development of a database for audit, research, and accounting in accident and emergency (A&E) is described. The system uses a desktop computer, an optical scanner, sophisticated optical mark reader software, and workload management data. The system is highly flexible, easy to use, and at a cost of around 16,000 pounds affordable for larger departments wishing to move towards accounting. For smaller departments, it may be an alternative to full computerisation. Images Figure 1 Figure 2 Figure 3 Figure 5 Figure 6 PMID:9132200

  16. Pestalofones A-E, bioactive cyclohexanone derivatives from the plant endophytic fungus Pestalotiopsis fici.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Ling; Liu, Shuchun; Chen, Xulin; Guo, Liangdong; Che, Yongsheng

    2009-01-15

    Pestalofones A-E (1-5), five new cyclohexanone derivatives, have been isolated from cultures of the plant endophytic fungus Pestalotiopsis fici, along with the known compounds, isosulochrin (6), isosulochrin dehydrate (7), and iso-A82775C (8). The structures of 1-5 were determined by NMR spectroscopy, and the absolute configuration of 1 was assigned using the modified Mosher method. Compounds 1, 2, and 5 displayed inhibitory effects on HIV-1 replication in C8166 cells, whereas 3 and 5 showed significant antifungal activity against Aspergillus fumigatus.

  17. Ionization of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Molecules around the Herbig Ae/Be environment

    OpenAIRE

    Sakon, Itsuki; Okamoto, Yoshiko K.; Kataza, Hirokazu; Onaka, Takashi; Kaneda, Hidehiro; Honda, Mitsuhiko

    2007-01-01

    We present the results of mid-infrared N-band spectroscopy of the Herbig Ae/Be system MWC1080 using the Cooled Mid-Infrared Camera and Spectrometer (COMICS) on board the 8m Subaru Telescope. The MWC1080 has a geometry such that the diffuse nebulous structures surround the central Herbig B0 type star. We focus on the properties of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and PAH-like species, which are thought to be the carriers of the unidentified infrared (UIR) bands in such environments. A s...

  18. Determination of soil micronutrients (Fe, Cu, Mn, B) extracted by Mehlich 3 using MP-AES

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krebstein, Kadri; Tõnutare, Tõnu; Rodima, Ako; Kõlli, Raimo; Künnapas, Allan; Rebane, Jaanus; Penu, Priit; Vennik, Kersti; Soobik, Liina

    2015-04-01

    The total concentration of micronutrients in soils is not a good predictor of its bioavailability and solubility. Therefore, during the decades several methods for the determination of plant availability and extractable fraction of micro- and macronutrients in soil were developed. Among several methods Mehlich 3 is the most appropriate due to its suitability for extracting soil micro- and macronutrients simultaneously. The AAS (atomic absorption spectroscopic) and ICP (inductively coupled plasma) methods are widely used for the analysis of microelements today. In 2011 the third method was added to this list with the appearance of the microwave plasma atomic emission spectrometer (MP-AES). This multielemental analytical equipment has a high potential in the soil analysis. Up to now there have been made some experiments for the use of MP-AES in soil and geological material analysis. But there is no information about the analysis of soil micronutrients extracted according to Mehlich 3 method and determined with the MP-AES. Due to the differences in atomization conditions the different emission and absorption lines are used in different instrumental methods. Therefore it is very important to choose the most suitable emission lines and the best atomization conditions. From the analytical viewpoint it is important to get coincidental results with other instrumental methods and from the agronomical point of view it is important to know the difference between AAS and ICP methods. For the experiment 51 soil samples were used. The samples were collected from A horizons of agricultural lands. The pH range was from 4.7 to 7.5 and organic matter content from 1.4 to 7.8%. The content of Mehlich 3 extractable micronutrients was determined using ICP and MP instrumental methods. The micronutrient contents ranged as follows: Fe - from 170 to 470 mg kg-1, Mn - from 5 to 190 mg kg-1, Cu - from 0.3 to 4.5 mg kg-1, B - from 0.2 to 2.1 mg kg-1. The optimal instrumental settings for iron

  19. MOST observations of the Herbig Ae {\\delta}-Scuti star HD 34282

    CERN Document Server

    Casey, M P; Guenther, D B; Weiss, W W; Amado, P J; Díaz-Fraile, D; Rodriguez, E; Kuschnig, R; Matthews, J M; Moffat, A F J; Rowe, J F; Rucinski, S M; Sasselov, D

    2012-01-01

    MOST observations and model analysis of the Herbig Ae star HD 34282 (V1366 Ori) reveal {\\delta}-Scuti pulsations. 22 frequencies are observed, 10 of which confirm those previously identified by Amado et al. (2006), and 12 of which are newly discovered in this work. We show that the weighted-average frequency in each group fits the radial p-mode frequencies of viable models. We argue that the observed pulsation spectrum extends just to the edge to the acoustic cut-off frequency and show that this also is consistent with our best-fitting models.

  20. Functional expression and characterization of a Xenopus laevis peptidylglycine alpha-amidating monooxygenase, AE-II, in insect-cell culture.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, K; Ohta, M; Okamoto, M; Nishikawa, Y

    1993-04-01

    The alpha-amidating reaction of peptide hormones is a two-step process which is catalyzed by peptidylglycine alpha-hydroxylating monooxygenase (PHM) and peptidylhydroxyglycine N-C lyase (PHL). There are three types of mRNA for these amidating enzymes in Xenopus laevis, namely AE-I, AE-II and AE-III. AE-I encodes only PHM and AE-III encodes both PHM and PHL. AE-II seems to encode subtypes of both PHM and PHL. While AE-II mRNA is present in high amounts in frog skin, the actual enzymes originating from AE-II have not been detected. When we expressed AE-II in cultured insect-cells using the baculovirus expression vector system, the expressed enzyme was specifically localized to the membrane fraction due to its hydrophobic transmembrane domain. Alternatively, when the transmembrane-domain-deleted AE-II (Met1-Ile731) was expressed, the enzyme was secreted into the culture medium; this secreted enzyme was purified to homogeneity by a simple two-step procedure. We have verified that the reaction product of the purified enzyme was the amidated peptide, indicating that AE-II has the ability to catalyze the entire amidating reaction.

  1. Alteration of the Microbiota and Virulence Gene Expression in E. coli O157:H7 in Pig Ligated Intestine with and without AE Lesions.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bianfang Liu

    Full Text Available Previously we found that E. coli O157:H7 inoculated into ligated pig intestine formed attaching and effacing (AE lesions in some pigs but not in others. The present study evaluated changes in the microbial community and in virulence gene expression in E. coli O157:H7 in ligated pig intestine in which the bacteria formed AE lesions or failed to form AE lesions.The intestinal microbiota was assessed by RNA-based denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE analysis. The DGGE banding patterns showed distinct differences involving two bands which had increased intensity specifically in AE-negative pigs (AE- bands and several bands which were more abundant in AE-positive pigs. Sequence analysis revealed that the two AE- bands belonged to Veillonella caviae, a species with probiotic properties, and Bacteroides sp. Concurrent with the differences in microbiota, gene expression analysis by quantitative PCR showed that, compared with AE negative pigs, E. coli O157:H7 in AE positive pigs had upregulated genes for putative adhesins, non-LEE encoded nleA and quorum sensing qseF, acid resistance gene ureD, and genes from the locus of enterocyte effacement (LEE.The present study demonstrated that AE-positive pigs had reduced activities or populations of Veillonella caviae and Bacterioides sp. compared with AE-negative pigs. Further studies are required to understand how the microbiota was changed and the role of these organisms in the control of E. coli O157:H7.

  2. Ae4 (Slc4a9) Anion Exchanger Drives Cl- Uptake-dependent Fluid Secretion by Mouse Submandibular Gland Acinar Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peña-Münzenmayer, Gaspar; Catalán, Marcelo A; Kondo, Yusuke; Jaramillo, Yasna; Liu, Frances; Shull, Gary E; Melvin, James E

    2015-04-24

    Transcellular Cl(-) movement across acinar cells is the rate-limiting step for salivary gland fluid secretion. Basolateral Nkcc1 Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl(-) cotransporters play a critical role in fluid secretion by promoting the intracellular accumulation of Cl(-) above its equilibrium potential. However, salivation is only partially abolished in the absence of Nkcc1 cotransporter activity, suggesting that another Cl(-) uptake pathway concentrates Cl(-) ions in acinar cells. To identify alternative molecular mechanisms, we studied mice lacking Ae2 and Ae4 Cl(-)/HCO3 (-) exchangers. We found that salivation stimulated by muscarinic and β-adrenergic receptor agonists was normal in the submandibular glands of Ae2(-/-) mice. In contrast, saliva secretion was reduced by 35% in Ae4(-/-) mice. The decrease in salivation was not related to loss of Na(+)-K(+)-2Cl(-) cotransporter or Na(+)/H(+) exchanger activity in Ae4(-/-) mice but correlated with reduced Cl(-) uptake during β-adrenergic receptor activation of cAMP signaling. Direct measurements of Cl(-)/HCO3 (-) exchanger activity revealed that HCO3 (-)-dependent Cl(-) uptake was reduced in the acinar cells of Ae2(-/-) and Ae4(-/-) mice. Moreover, Cl(-)/HCO3 (-) exchanger activity was nearly abolished in double Ae4/Ae2 knock-out mice, suggesting that most of the Cl(-)/HCO3 (-) exchanger activity in submandibular acinar cells depends on Ae2 and Ae4 expression. In conclusion, both Ae2 and Ae4 anion exchangers are functionally expressed in submandibular acinar cells; however, only Ae4 expression appears to be important for cAMP-dependent regulation of fluid secretion.

  3. Chemical abundance analysis of symbiotic giants. RW Hya, SY Mus, BX Mon, and AE Ara

    CERN Document Server

    Galan, Cezary; Hinkle, Kenneth H; Schmidt, Miroslaw R; Gromadzki, Mariusz

    2014-01-01

    Symbiotic stars are the long period, binary systems of strongly interacting stars at the final stages of evolution which can be useful tool to understand the chemical evolution of the Galaxy and the formation of stellar populations. Knowledge of the chemical composition of the symbiotic giants is essential to advancing our understanding of these issues but unfortunately reliably determinations exist only in a few cases. We perform a program for detailed chemical composition analysis in over 30 symbiotic giants, based on the high resolution, near-IR spectra, obtained with Phoenix/Gemini South spectrometer. The methods of the standard LTE analysis is used to obtain photospheric abundances of CNO and elements around iron peak. Here we present results obtained for four objects: RW Hya, SY Mus, BX Mon, and AE Ara. Our analysis revealed a significantly sub-solar metallicity (Me/H ~ -0.75) for RW Hya, a slightly sub-solar metallicities (Me/H ~ 0.2-0.3) in BX Mon and AE Ara, and a near-solar metallicity in SY Mus. 12...

  4. AES Cardless Automatic Teller Machine (ATM) Biometric Security System Design Using FPGA Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmad, Nabihah; Rifen, A. Aminurdin M.; Helmy Abd Wahab, Mohd

    2016-11-01

    Automated Teller Machine (ATM) is an electronic banking outlet that allows bank customers to complete a banking transactions without the aid of any bank official or teller. Several problems are associated with the use of ATM card such card cloning, card damaging, card expiring, cast skimming, cost of issuance and maintenance and accessing customer account by third parties. The aim of this project is to give a freedom to the user by changing the card to biometric security system to access the bank account using Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) algorithm. The project is implemented using Field Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) DE2-115 board with Cyclone IV device, fingerprint scanner, and Multi-Touch Liquid Crystal Display (LCD) Second Edition (MTL2) using Very High Speed Integrated Circuit Hardware (VHSIC) Description Language (VHDL). This project used 128-bits AES for recommend the device with the throughput around 19.016Gbps and utilized around 520 slices. This design offers a secure banking transaction with a low rea and high performance and very suited for restricted space environments for small amounts of RAM or ROM where either encryption or decryption is performed.

  5. NuSTAR AND SWIFT Observations of the Fast Rotating Magnetized White Dwarf AE Aquarii

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitaguchi, Takao; An, Hongjun; Beloborodov, Andrei M.; Gotthelf, Eric V.; Hayashi, Takayuki; Kaspi, Victoria M.; Rana, Vikram R.; Boggs, Steven E.; Christensen, Finn E.; Craig, William W.; Hailey, Charles J.; Harrison, Fiona A.; Stern, Daniel; Zhang, Will W.

    2014-01-01

    AE Aquarii is a cataclysmic variable with the fastest known rotating magnetized white dwarf (P(sub spin) = 33.08 s). Compared to many intermediate polars, AE Aquarii shows a soft X-ray spectrum with a very low luminosity (LX (is) approximately 10(exp 31) erg per second). We have analyzed overlapping observations of this system with the NuSTAR and the Swift X-ray observatories in 2012 September. We find the 0.5-30 keV spectra to be well fitted by either an optically thin thermal plasma model with three temperatures of 0.75(+0.18 / -0.45), 2.29(+0.96 / -0.82), and 9.33 (+6.07 / -2.18) keV, or an optically thin thermal plasma model with two temperatures of 1.00 (+0.34 / -0.23) and 4.64 (+1.58 / -0.84) keV plus a power-law component with photon index of 2.50 (+0.17 / -0.23). The pulse profile in the 3-20 keV band is broad and approximately sinusoidal, with a pulsed fraction of 16.6% +/- 2.3%. We do not find any evidence for a previously reported sharp feature in the pulse profile.

  6. Electron stimulated carbon adsorption in ultra high vacuum monitored by Auger Electron Spectroscopy (AES)

    CERN Document Server

    Scheuerlein, C

    2001-01-01

    Electron stimulated carbon adsorption at room temperature (RT) has been studied in the context of radiation induced surface modifications in the vacuum system of particle accelerators. The stimulated carbon adsorption was monitored by AES during continuous irradiation by 2.5 keV electrons and simultaneous exposure of the sample surface to CO, CO2 or CH4. The amount of adsorbed carbon was estimated by measuring the carbon Auger peak intensity as a function of the electron irradiation time. Investigated substrate materials are technical OFE copper and TiZrV non-evaporable getter (NEG) thin film coatings, which are saturated either in air or by CO exposure inside the Auger electron spectrometer. On the copper substrate electron induced carbon adsorption from gas phase CO and CO2 is below the detection limit of AES. During electron irradiation of the non-activated TiZrV getter thin films, electron stimulated carbon adsorption from gas phase molecules is detected when either CO or CO2 is injected, whereas the CH4 ...

  7. Roche tomography of cataclysmic variables - VI. Differential rotation of AE Aqr - Not tidally locked!

    CERN Document Server

    Hill, Colin; Shahbaz, Tariq; Steeghs, Danny; Dhillon, Vik

    2014-01-01

    We present Roche tomograms of the K4V secondary star in the cataclysmic variable AE Aqr, reconstructed from two datasets taken 9 days apart, and measure the differential rotation of the stellar surface. The tomograms show many large, cool starspots, including a large high-latitude spot and a prominent appendage down the trailing hemisphere. We find two distinct bands of spots around 22$^{\\circ}$ and 43$^{\\circ}$ latitude, and estimate a spot coverage of 15.4-17% on the northern hemisphere. Assuming a solar-like differential rotation law, the differential rotation of AE Aqr was measured using two different techniques. The first method yields an equator-pole lap time of 269 d and the second yields a lap time of 262 d. This shows the star is not fully tidally locked, as was previously assumed for CVs, but has a co-rotation latitude of $\\sim 40^{\\circ}$. We discuss the implications that these observations have on stellar dynamo theory, as well as the impact that spot traversal across the first Lagrangian point ma...

  8. Research on tensile fracture process of polyester woven fabric based on AE technique and HHT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yajing XUE

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available In order to obtain and study time-frequency characteristics of fabric tensile failure modes, four kinds of fabrics is woven with changing different fabric organizational structures and weft densities, dynamic audio signals for different fabrics in tensile failure process is collected with the aid of self-built acoustic emission detection system on the conventional fabric tensile tester, and the collected signal is analyzed and processed by using Matlab software to run a program compiled based on Hilbert Huang transform. The results show that AE signal curve is completely corresponding to tensile load-displacement curve in fabric tensile process, and characterizations of three failure modes about structure change, yarn deformation, and yarn fracture can be clearly distinguished. The characteristic frequency of four kinds of fabrics in structure change stage is the same as 100 Hz, which can be derived from the same source (orthogonal friction of yarns, and has nothing to do with the fabric organizational structure or density. The structure change stage has something to do with yarn strength utilization in such aspects as the AE signals characteristics of duration, amplitude, energy, and so on.

  9. High-resolution 25 \\mu m imaging of the disks around Herbig Ae/Be stars

    CERN Document Server

    Honda, M; Okamoto, Y K; Kataza, H; Yamashita, T; Miyata, T; Sako, S; Fujiyoshi, T; Sakon, I; Fujiwara, H; Kamizuka, T; Mulders, G D; Lopez-Rodriguez, E; Packham, C; Onaka, T

    2015-01-01

    We imaged circumstellar disks around 22 Herbig Ae/Be stars at 25 \\mu m using Subaru/COMICS and Gemini/T-ReCS. Our sample consists of equal numbers of objects belonging to the two categories defined by Meeus et al. (2001); 11 group I (flaring disk) and II (at disk) sources. We find that group I sources tend to show more extended emission than group II sources. Previous studies have shown that the continuous disk is hard to be resolved with 8 meter class telescopes in Q-band due to the strong emission from the unresolved innermost region of the disk. It indicates that the resolved Q-band sources require a hole or gap in the disk material distribution to suppress the contribution from the innermost region of the disk. As many group I sources are resolved at 25 \\mu m, we suggest that many, not all, group I Herbig Ae/Be disks have a hole or gap and are (pre-)transitional disks. On the other hand, the unresolved nature of many group II sources at 25 \\mu m supports that group II disks have continuous at disk geometr...

  10. A parameter study of self-consistent disk models around Herbig AeBe stars

    CERN Document Server

    Meijer, J; De Koter, A; Dullemond, C P; Van Boekel, R; Waters, L B F M

    2008-01-01

    We present a parameter study of self-consistent models of protoplanetary disks around Herbig AeBe stars. We use the code developed by Dullemond and Dominik, which solves the 2D radiative transfer problem including an iteration for the vertical hydrostatic structure of the disk. This grid of models will be used for several studies on disk emission and mineralogy in followup papers. In this paper we take a first look on the new models, compare them with previous modeling attempts and focus on the effects of various parameters on the overall structure of the SED that leads to the classification of Herbig AeBe stars into two groups, with a flaring (group I) or self-shadowed (group II) SED. We find that the parameter of overriding importance to the SED is the total mass in grains smaller than 25um, confirming the earlier results by Dullemond and Dominik. All other parameters studied have only minor influences, and will alter the SED type only in borderline cases. We find that there is no natural dichotomy between ...

  11. Dust evolution in protoplanetary disks around Herbig Ae/Be stars - The Spitzer view

    CERN Document Server

    Juhasz, A; Henning, Th; Acke, B; Ancker, M E van den; Meeus, G; Dominik, C; Min, M; Tielens, A G G M; Waters, L B F M

    2010-01-01

    In this paper we present mid-infrared spectra of a comprehensive set of Herbig Ae/Be stars observed with the Spitzer Space Telescope. The signal-to-noise ratio of these spectra is very high, ranging between about a hundred and several hundreds. During the analysis of these data we tested the validity of standard protoplanetary dust models and studied grain growth and crystal formation. On the basis of the analyzed spectra, the major constituents of protoplanetary dust around Herbig Ae/Be stars are amorphous silicates with olivine and pyroxene stoichiometry, crystalline forsterite and enstatite and silica. No other solid state features, indicating other abundant dust species, are present in the Spitzer spectra. Deviations of the synthetic spectra from the observations are most likely related to grain shape effects and uncertainties in the iron content of the dust grains. Our analysis revealed that larger grains are more abundant in the disk atmosphere of flatter disks than in that of flared disks, indicating t...

  12. High Lightweight Encryption Standard (HLES as an Improvement of 512-Bit AES for Secure Multimedia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GUESMIA Seyf Eddine

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In today’s scenario, people share information to another people frequently using network. Due to this, more amount of information are so much private but some are less private. Therefore, the attackers or the hackers take the advantage and start attempting to steal the information since 2001. the symmetric encryption algorithm called 512-bit AES provides high level of security, but it's almost be impossible to be used in multimedia transmissions and mobile systems because of the need for more design area that effect in the use of large memory space in each round and the big encryption time that it takes. This paper presents an improvement of 512-bit AES algorithm with efficient utilization of resources such as processor and memory space. The proposed approach resists the linear and differential encrypt analysis and provides high security level using a 512-bit size of key block and data block and ameliorates the performance by minimizing the use of memory space and time encryption to be able to work in specific characteristics of resource-limited systems. The experimental results on several data (text, image, sound, video show that the used memory space is reduced to quarter, and the encryption time is reduced almost to the half. Therefore, the adopted method is very effective for encryption of multimedia data.

  13. The circumstellar disc around the Herbig AeBe star HD169142

    CERN Document Server

    Dent, W R F; Osorio, M; Calvet, N; Anglada, G

    2006-01-01

    We present 7 mm and 3.5 cm wavelength continuum observations toward the Herbig AeBe star HD169142 performed with the Very Large Array (VLA) with an angular resolution of ~1". We find that this object exhibits strong (~4.4 mJy), unresolved (~1") 7 mm continuum emission, being one of the brightest isolated Herbig AeBe stars ever detected with the VLA at this wavelength. No emission is detected at 3.5 cm continuum, with a 3 sigma upper limit of ~0.08 mJy. From these values, we obtain a spectral index of ~2.5 in the 3.5 cm to 7 mm wavelength range, indicating that the observed flux density at 7mm is most likely dominated by thermal dust emission coming from a circumstellar disc. We use available photometric data from the literature to model the spectral energy distribution (SED) of this object from radio to near-ultraviolet frequencies. The observed SED can be understood in terms of an irradiated accretion disc with low mass accretion rate, 10^{-8} solar masses per year, surrounding a star with an age of ~10 Myr....

  14. Hot and cool water in Herbig Ae protoplanetary disks. A challenge for Herschel

    CERN Document Server

    Woitke, Peter; Kamp, Inga; Hogerheijde, Michiel R

    2009-01-01

    The spatial origin and detectability of rotational H2O emission lines from Herbig Ae type protoplanetary disks beyond 70 micron is discussed. We use the recently developed disk code ProDiMo to calculate the thermo-chemical structure of a Herbig Ae type disk and apply the non-LTE line radiative transfer code Ratran to predict water line profiles and intensity maps. The model shows three spatially distinct regions in the disk where water concentrations are high, related to different chemical pathways to form the water: (1) a big water reservoir in the deep midplane behind the inner rim, (2) a belt of cold water around the distant icy midplane beyond the snow-line r>20AU, and (3) a layer of irradiated hot water at high altitudes z/r=0.1...0.3, extending from about 1AU to 30AU, where the kinetic gas temperature ranges from 200K to 1500K. Although region 3 contains only little amounts of water vapour (~3x10^-5 M_Earth), we find this warm layer to be almost entirely responsible for the rotational water emission lin...

  15. Einstein X-ray observations of Herbig Ae/Be stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damiani, F.; Micela, G.; Sciortino, S.; Harnden, F. R., Jr.

    1994-01-01

    We have investigated the X-ray emission from Herbig Ae/Be stars, using the full set of Einstein Imaging Proportional Counter (IPC) observations. Of a total of 31 observed Herbig stars, 11 are confidently identified with X-ray sources, with four additonal dubious identifications. We have used maximum likelihood luminosity functions to study the distribution of X-ray luminosity, and we find that Be stars are significantly brighter in X-rays than Ae stars and that their X-ray luminosity is independent of projected rotational velocity v sin i. The X-ray emission is instead correlated with stellar bolometric luminosity and with effective temperature, and also with the kinetic luminosity of the stellar wind. These results seem to exclude a solar-like origin for the X-ray emission, a possibility suggested by the most recent models of Herbig stars' structure, and suggest an analogy with the X-ray emission of O (and early B) stars. We also observe correlations between X-ray luminosity and the emission at 2.2 microns (K band) and 25 microns, which strengthen the case for X-ray emission of Herbig stars originating in their circumstellar envelopes.

  16. The Peculiar Binary System AE Aquarii from its Characteristic Multi-wavelength Emission

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oruru B.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The multi-wavelength properties of the novalike variable system AE Aquarii are discussed in terms of the interaction between the accretion inflow from a late-type main sequence star and the magnetosphere of a fast rotating white dwarf. This results in an efficient magnetospheric propeller process and particle acceleration. The spin-down of the white dwarf at a period rate of 5.64×10−14 s s−1 results in a huge spin-down luminosity of Ls−d ≃ 6 10×33 erg s−1. Hence, the observed non-thermal hard X-ray emission and VHE and TeV gamma-ray emission may suggest that AE Aquarii can be placed in the category of spin-powered pulsars. Besides, observed hard X-ray luminosity of LX,hard ≤ 5 × 1030 erg s−1 constitutes 0.1 % of the total spin-down luminosity of the white dwarf. This paper will discuss some recent theoretical studies and data analysis of the system.

  17. Roche tomography of cataclysmic variables - VII. The long-term magnetic activity of AE Aqr

    CERN Document Server

    Hill, C A; Steeghs, D; Dhillon, V S; Shahbaz, T

    2016-01-01

    We present a long-term study of the secondary star in the cataclysmic variable AE~Aqr, using Roche tomography to indirectly image starspots on the stellar surface spanning 8~years of observations. The 7 maps show an abundance of spot features at both high and low latitudes. We find that all maps have at least one large high-latitude spot region, and we discuss its complex evolution between maps, as well as its compatibility with current dynamo theories. Furthermore, we see the apparent growth in fractional spot coverage, $f_{\\mathrm{s}}$, around $45^{\\circ}$~latitude over the duration of observations, with a persistently high $f_{\\mathrm{s}}$ near latitudes of $20^{\\circ}$. These bands of spots may form as part of a magnetic activity cycle, with magnetic flux tubes emerging at different latitudes, similar to the `butterfly' diagram for the Sun. We discuss the nature of flux tube emergence in close binaries, as well as the activity of AE~Aqr in the context of other stars.

  18. Effect of Deep Cryogenic Treatment on Microstructure and Properties of AE42 Mg Alloy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhale, Pranav; Shastri, H.; Mondal, A. K.; Masanta, M.; Kumar, S.

    2016-09-01

    The effect of deep cryogenic treatment (DCT) on microstructure and mechanical properties including corrosion behavior of the squeeze-cast AE42 alloy has been investigated. For comparison, the same has also been studied on the untreated alloy. Both the untreated and deep cryogenic-treated (DCTed) alloys comprised α-Mg and Al4RE phases. Volume fraction of the Al4RE phase in the AE42 alloy reduced gradually following DCT carried out from 4 to 16 h. Ductility and UTS increase significantly with a marginal increase in YS of all the DCTed alloys. The improvement was attributed to the dissolution of the brittle Al4RE phase following DCT. Among the alloys employed, the best tensile properties were obtained for the 16-h DCT alloy due to its lowest content of the brittle Al4RE phase. Creep resistance of the DCTed alloys was lower than that of the untreated alloy owing to the presence of less amount of thermally stable intermetallic Al4RE phase. Wear resistance of the alloy reduces following DCT due to reduced hardness of the DCTed alloys. The untreated alloy exhibits the best corrosion resistance, whereas poor corrosion resistance of the DCTed alloys is attributed to the reduced amount of Al4RE phase that fails to built a corrosion resistance barrier.

  19. Relating jet structure to photometric variability: the Herbig Ae star HD 163296

    CERN Document Server

    Ellerbroek, L E; Dougados, C; Cabrit, S; Sitko, M L; Sana, H; Kaper, L; de Koter, A; Klaassen, P D; Mulders, G D; Mendigutia, I; Grady, C A; Grankin, K; van Winckel, H; Bacciotti, F; Russell, R W; Lynch, D K; Hammel, H B; Beerman, L C; Day, A N; Huelsman, D M; Werren, C; Henden, A; Grindlay, J

    2014-01-01

    Herbig Ae/Be stars are intermediate-mass pre-main sequence stars surrounded by circumstellar dust disks. Some are observed to produce jets, whose appearance as a sequence of shock fronts (knots) suggests a past episodic outflow variability. This "jet fossil record" can be used to reconstruct the outflow history. We present the first optical to near-infrared (NIR) VLT/X-shooter spectra of the jet from the Herbig Ae star HD 163296. We determine physical conditions in the knots, as well as their kinematic "launch epochs". Knots are formed simultaneously on either side of the disk, with a regular interval of ~16 yr. The velocity dispersion versus jet velocity and the energy input are comparable in both lobes. However, the mass loss rate, velocity, and shock conditions are asymmetric. We find Mjet/Macc ~ 0.01-0.1, consistent with magneto-centrifugal jet launching models. No evidence for dust is found in the high-velocity jet, suggesting it is launched within the sublimation radius (<0.5 au). The jet inclination...

  20. Diffusion in phthalocyanine thin film layers: study by AES, EELS, EPES and electrical measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gamoudi, M.; El Beqqali, O.; Benkaddour, M.; Sadoun, M. Al; Guillaud, G.; Miloua, F.; Khelifa, B.; El Ourzaz, L.; Jardin, C.

    1991-12-01

    Diffusion studies are necessary to the feasibility of molecular pn junctions. Electrical and spectroscopic measurements have been done in two superimposed phthalocyanine thin layers: Zinc phthaiocyanine (PcZn) (p material) and Lutetium bisphthalocyanine (PC2Lu) (n material). These measurements are in a good agreement. In spite of the very large dimensions of these molecules, diffusion and doping of PcZn by PC2Lu occur. Moreover, elastic peak electron spectroscopy (EPES) seems more available than Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) to follow the diffusion in such samples. Les études de diffusion sont nécessaires pour utiliser pratiquement les semiconducteurs organiques en particulier pour la réalisation de jonctions pn. Des mesures électriques et spectroscopiques ont été faites sur des couches minces de phtalocyanines superposées : phtalocyanine de Zinc(PcZn) (matériau de type p) et bisphtalocyanine de Lutetium (PC2Lu) (matériau de type n). L'ensemble de ces mesures est en bon accord, la diffusion et le dopage de PcZn par PC2Lu se produisent malgré la taille importante de ces molécules. De plus la spectroscopie de pic élastique (EPES) semble être plus adaptée à ces mesures que la spectroscopie d'électrons Auger (AES) pour suivre la diffusion dans ces échantillons.

  1. Hello darkness my old friend: the fading of the nearby TDE ASASSN-14ae

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Jonathan S.; Shappee, Benjamin J.; Holoien, T. W.-S.; Stanek, K. Z.; Kochanek, C. S.; Prieto, J. L.

    2016-11-01

    We present late-time optical spectroscopy taken with the Large Binocular Telescope's Multi-Object Double Spectrograph, an improved All-Sky Automated Survey for SuperNovae pre-discovery non-detection, and late-time Swift observations of the nearby (d = 193 Mpc, z = 0.0436) tidal disruption event (TDE) ASASSN-14ae. Our observations span from ˜20 d before to ˜750 d after discovery. The proximity of ASASSN-14ae allows us to study the optical evolution of the flare and the transition to a host-dominated state with exceptionally high precision. We measure very weak Hα emission 300 d after discovery (LH α ≃ 4 × 1039 erg s-1) and the most stringent upper limit to date on the Hα luminosity ˜750 d after discovery (LH α ≲ 1039 erg s-1), suggesting that the optical emission arising from a TDE can vanish on a time-scale as short as 1 yr. Our results have important implications for both spectroscopic detection of TDE candidates at late times, as well as the nature of TDE host galaxies themselves.

  2. Hello Darkness My Old Friend: The Fading of the Nearby TDE ASASSN-14ae

    CERN Document Server

    Brown, Jonathan S; Holoien, T W -S; Stanek, K Z; Kochanek, C S; Prieto, J L

    2016-01-01

    We present late-time optical spectroscopy taken with the Large Binocular Telescope's Multi-Object Double Spectrograph, an improved ASAS-SN pre-discovery non-detection, and late-time SWIFT observations of the nearby ($d=193$ Mpc, $z=0.0436$) tidal disruption event (TDE) ASASSN-14ae. Our observations span from $\\sim$20 days before to $\\sim$750 days after discovery. The proximity of ASASSN-14ae allows us to study the optical evolution of the flare and the transition to a host dominated state with exceptionally high precision. We measure very weak H$\\alpha$ emission 300 days after discovery ($L_{\\rm H\\alpha} \\simeq 4\\times 10^{39}$ ergs s$^{-1}$) and the most stringent upper limit to date on the H$\\alpha$ luminosity $\\sim$~750 days after discovery ($L_{\\rm H\\alpha} \\lesssim 10^{39}$ ergs s$^{-1}$), suggesting that the optical emission arising from a TDE can vanish on a timescale as short as 1 year. Our results have important implications for both spectroscopic detection of TDE candidates at late times, as well as...

  3. AE activity during transient beta drops in high poloidal beta discharges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, J.; Gong, X. Z.; Ren, Q. L.; Ding, S. Y.; Qian, J. P.; Pan, C. K.; Li, G. Q.; Heidbrink, W. W.; Garofalo, A. M.; McClenaghan, J.

    2016-10-01

    Enhanced AE activity has been observed during transient beta drops in high poloidal beta DIII-D discharges with internal transport barriers (ITBs). These drops in beta are believed to be caused by n=1 external kink modes. In some discharges, beta recovers within 200 ms but, in others, beta stays suppressed. A typical discharge has βP 3, qmin 3, and q95 12. The drop in beta affects both fast ions and thermal particles, and a drop is also observed in the density and rotation. The enhanced AE activity follows the instability that causes the beta drop, is largest at the lowest beta, and subsides as beta recovers. MHD stability analysis is planned. A database study of the plasma conditions associated with the collapse will be also presented. Supported in part by the US Department of Energy under DE-FC02-04ER54698, DE-AC05-06OR23100, and by the National Natural Science Foundation of China 11575249, and the National Magnetic Confinement Fusion Program of China No. 2015GB110005.

  4. Studies of a possible new Herbig Ae/Be star in the open cluster NGC 7380

    CERN Document Server

    Mathew, Blesson; Ashok, N M; Subramaniam, Annapurni; Bhavya, B; Joshi, Vishal

    2012-01-01

    We present a study of the star 2MASS J22472238+5801214 with the aim of identifying its true nature which has hitherto been uncertain. This object, which is a member of the young cluster NGC 7380, has been variously proposed to be a Be star, a D-type symbiotic and a Herbig Ae/Be star in separate studies. Here we present optical spectroscopy, near-IR photometry and narrow band H-alpha imaging of the nebulosity in its environment. Analysis of all these results, including the spectral energy distribution constructed from available data, strongly indicate the source to be a Herbig Ae/Be star. The star is found to be accompanied by a nebulosity with an interesting structure. A bow shock shaped structure, similar to a cometary nebula, is seen very close to the star with its apex oriented towards the photoionizing source of this region (i.e. the star DH Cep). An interesting spectroscopic finding, from the forbidden [SII] 6716, 6731 \\AA and [OI] 6300 \\AA lines, is the detection of a blue-shifted high velocity outflow ...

  5. Comparison between accretion-related properties of Herbig Ae/Be and T Tauri stars

    CERN Document Server

    Mendigutía, I

    2013-01-01

    This paper summarizes several results concerning the comparison between accretion-related properties of cool (T Tauri; T < 7000 K, M < 1 Msun and hot (Herbig Ae/Be; 7000 < T(K) < 13000; 1 < M(Msun) < 6) pre-main sequence (PMS) stars. This comparison gives insight into the analogies/differences in the physics of the star-disk interaction and in the physical mechanisms driving disk dissipation. Several optical and near-IR line luminosities used for low-mass objects are also valid to estimate typical accretion rates for intermediate-mass stars under similar empirical expressions. In contrast, the Halpha width at 10% of peak intensity is used as an accretion tracer for T Tauris, but is not reliable to estimate accretion rates for Herbig Ae/Bes. This can be explained as a consequence of the different stellar rotation rates that characterize both types of stars. In addition, there are similar trends when the accretion rate is related to the near-IR colours and disk masses, suggesting that viscous ...

  6. Studies of a possible new Herbig Ae/Be star in the open cluster NGC 7380

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Blesson Mathew; D. P. K. Banerjee; N. M. Ashok; Annapurni Subramaniam; Bhaskaran Bhavya; Vishal Joshi

    2012-01-01

    We present a study of the star 2MASS J22472238+5801214 with the aim of identifying its true nature which has hitherto been uncertain.This object,which is a member of the young cluster NGC 7380,has been variously proposed to be a Be star,a D-type symbiotic and a Herbig Ae/Be star in separate studies.Here we present optical spectroscopy,near-IR photometry and narrow band Hα imaging of the nebulosity in its environment.Analysis of all these results,including the spectral energy distribution constructed from available data,strongly indicate the source to be a Herbig Ae/Be star.The star is found to be accompanied by a nebulosity with an interesting structure.A bow-shock shaped structure,similar to a cometary nebula,is seen very close to the star with its apex oriented towards the photoionizing source of this region (i.e.the star DH Cep).An interesting spectroscopic finding,from the forbidden [SⅡ] 6716,6731 (A) and [OI] 6300 (A) lines,is the detection of a blue-shifted high velocity outflow (200 ±50 km s- 1) from the star.

  7. The Mid-Infrared Polarization of the Herbig Ae Star WL 16: An Interstellar Origin?

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, Han; Pantin, Eric; Li, Dan; Wright, Christopher M; Mariñas, Naibí; Barnes, Peter; Li, Aigen; Packham, Christopher

    2016-01-01

    We present high-resolution (0".4) mid-infrared (mid-IR) polarimetric images and spectra of WL 16, a Herbig Ae star at a distance of 125 pc. WL 16 is surrounded by a protoplanetary disk of $\\sim$ 900 AU in diameter, making it one of the most extended Herbig Ae/Be disks as seen in the mid-IR. The star is behind, or embedded in, the $\\rho$ Ophiuchus molecular cloud, and obscured by 28 magnitudes of extinction at optical wavelengths by the foreground cloud. Mid-IR polarization of WL 16, mainly arises from aligned elongated dust grains present along the line of sight, suggesting a uniform morphology of polarization vectors with an orientation of 33\\degr (East from North) and a polarization fraction of $\\sim$ 2.0\\%. This orientation is consistent with previous polarimetric surveys in the optical and near-IR bands to probe large-scale magnetic fields in the Ophiuchus star formation region, indicating that the observed mid-IR polarization toward WL 16 is produced by the dichroic absorption of magnetically aligned for...

  8. A high-resolution spectropolarimetric survey of Herbig Ae/Be stars - I. Observations and measurements

    CERN Document Server

    Alecian, E; Catala, C; Grunhut, J H; Landstreet, J D; Bagnulo, S; Böhm, T; Folsom, C P; Marsden, S; Waite, I

    2012-01-01

    This is the first in a series of papers in which we describe and report the analysis of a large survey of Herbig Ae/Be stars in circular spectropolarimetry. Using the ESPaDOnS and Narval high-resolution spectropolarimeters at the Canada-France-Hawaii and Bernard Lyot Telescopes, respectively, we have acquired 132 circularly-polarised spectra of 70 Herbig Ae/Be stars and Herbig candidates. The large majority of these spectra are characterised by a resolving power of about 65,000, and a spectral coverage from about 3700 ang to 1 micron. The peak SNR per CCD pixel ranges from below 100 (for the faintest targets) to over 1000 (for the brightest). The observations were acquired with the primary aim of searching for magnetic fields in these objects. However, our spectra are suitable for a variety of other important measurements, including rotational properties, variability, binarity, chemical abundances, circumstellar environment conditions and structure, etc. In this first paper, we describe the sample selection, ...

  9. Chemical spots on the surface of the strongly magnetic Herbig Ae star HD 101412

    CERN Document Server

    Järvinen, S P; Schöller, M; Ilyin, I; Carroll, T A; Korhonen, H

    2016-01-01

    Due to the knowledge of the rotation period and the presence of a rather strong surface magnetic field, the sharp-lined young Herbig Ae star HD 101412 with a rotation period of 42 d has become one of the most well-studied targets among the Herbig Ae stars. High-resolution HARPS polarimetric spectra of HD 101412 were recently obtained on seven different epochs. Our study of the spectral variability over the part of the rotation cycle covered by HARPS observations reveals that the line profiles of the elements Mg, Si, Ca, Ti, Cr, Mn, Fe, and Sr are clearly variable while He exhibits variability that is opposite to the behaviour of the other elements studied. Since classical Ap stars usually show a relationship between the magnetic field geometry and the distribution of element spots, we used in our magnetic field measurements different line samples belonging to the three elements with the most numerous spectral lines, Ti, Cr, and Fe. Over the time interval covered by the available spectra, the longitudinal magn...

  10. AES Inspired Hex Symbols Steganography for Anti-Forensic Artifacts on Android Devices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Somyia M. Abu Asbeh

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Mobile phones technology has become one of the most common and important technologies that started as a communication tool and then evolved into key reservoirs of personal information and smart applications. With this increased level of complications, increased dangers and increased levels of countermeasures and opposing countermeasures have emerged, such as Mobile Forensics and anti-forensics. One of these anti-forensics tools is steganography, which introduced higher levels of complexity and security against hackers’ attacks but simultaneously create obstacles to forensic investigations. In this paper we proposed a new data hiding approach, the AES Inspired Steganography (AIS, which utilizes some AES data encryption concepts while hiding the data using the concept of hex symbols steganography. As the approach is based on the use of multiple encryption steps, the resulting carrier files would be unfathomable without the use of the cipher key agreed upon by the communicating parties. These carrier files can be exchanged amongst android devices and/or computers. Assessments of the proposed approach have proven it to be advantageous over the currently existing steganography approaches in terms of character frequency, security, robustness, length of key, and Compatibility.

  11. Heavy metals assessment in Oum Er Rbia bassin using WD-XRF and ICP-AES

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zahry, F.; Labraimi, M.; Bilal, E.; Gruffat, J. J.; Moutte, J.; Garcia, D.; Bounakhla, M.

    2003-05-01

    The analysis of water, suspended particulate matter (SPM) and sediment collected from Oum er Rbia Moroccan basin for the content of six elements has been performed utilizing ICP-AES and WD-XRF methods. Sediment have been analyzed by WD-XRF; Water and MPS by ICP-AES. The detection limits are sufficient for most of the elements to be determined. Results were assessed for the accuracy by the analysis of a multi-elemental standards. The results for most of the elements obtained were accurate to about 2 15%. The objective of the analysis were to determine the geochemical areas on this bassin, to explain the mechanisms of sediment transport and nevertheless, to assess the pollution of the bassin by heavy metals generated by human activities. This work interests only the last aspect. It has done one 30samples of water and SPM, and about 80 sediments. Samples were collected along the river, between its source in meddle Atlas and the Atlantic ocean at Azemour city. The results obtained on the basin were normalized to the international norms.

  12. A Study of the X-Ray Emission of Magnetic Cataclysmic Variable Ae Aquarii

    CERN Document Server

    Choi, C S; Agrawal, P C; Choi, Chul-Sung; Dotani, Tadayasu

    1999-01-01

    We report results from analysis of the X-ray observations of AE Aqr, made with Ginga in June 1988 and with ASCA in October 1995. Pulsations are detected clearly with a sinusoidal pulse profile with periods of $33.076\\pm0.001$ s (Ginga) and $33.077\\pm0.003$ s (ASCA)\\@. The pulse amplitude is relatively small and the modulated flux remains nearly constant despite a factor of 3 change in the average flux during the flare. We reproduce the time-averaged spectrum in the 0.4 -- 10 keV energy band by a thermal emission model with a combination of two different temperatures: kT$_1 = 0.68^{+0.01}_{-0.02}$ keV and kT$_2 = 2.9^{+0.3}_{-0.2}$ keV\\@. There is no significant difference between the quiescent and flare energy spectra, although a hint of spectral hardening is recognized during the flare. We interpret these observational results with a model in which AE Aqr is in a propeller stage. Based on this propeller scenario, we suggest that the X-ray emission is originated from magnetospheric radiation.

  13. Near-Infrared Interferometric Measurements of Herbig Ae/Be Stars

    CERN Document Server

    Eisner, J A; Akeson, R L; Hillenbrand, L A; Sargent, A I

    2003-01-01

    We have observed the Herbig Ae/Be sources AB Aur, VV Ser, V1685 Cyg (BD+40 4124), AS 442, and MWC 1080 with the Palomar Testbed Interferometer, obtaining the longest baseline near-IR interferometric observations of this class of objects. All of the sources are resolved at 2.2 microns with angular size scales generally <5 mas, consistent with the only previous near-IR interferometric measurements of Herbig Ae/Be stars by Millan-Gabet and collaborators. We determine the angular size scales and orientations predicted by uniform disk, Gaussian, ring, and accretion disk models. Although it is difficult to distinguish different radial distributions, we are able to place firm constraints on the inclinations of these models, and our measurements are the first that show evidence for significantly inclined morphologies. In addition, the derived angular sizes for the early type Herbig Be stars in our sample, V1685 Cyg and MWC 1080, agree reasonably well with those predicted by the face-on accretion disk models used b...

  14. Evolution of the dust/gas environment around Herbig Ae/Be stars

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, Tie; Wu, Yuefang; Qin, Sheng-Li; Miller, Martin

    2011-01-01

    With the KOSMA 3-m telescope, 54 Herbig Ae/Be stars were surveyed in CO and $^{13}$CO emission lines. The properties of the stars and their circumstellar environments are studied by fitting the SEDs. The mean line width of $^{13}$CO (2-1) lines of this sample is 1.87 km s$^{-1}$. The average column density of H$_{2}$ is found to be $4.9\\times10^{21}$ cm$^{-2}$ for the stars younger than $10^{6}$ yr, while drops to $2.5\\times10^{21}$ cm$^{-2}$ for those older than $10^{6}$ yr. No significant difference is found among the SEDs of Herbig Ae stars and Herbig Be stars at the same age. The infrared excess decreases with age. The envelope masses and the envelope accretion rates decease with age after $10^{5}$ yr. The average disk mass of the sample is $3.3\\times10^{-2} M_{\\sun}$. The disk accretion rate decreases more slowly than the envelope accretion rate. A strong correlation between the CO line intensity and the envelope mass is found.

  15. Satellite Image Security Improvement by Combining DWT-DCT Watermarking and AES Encryption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naida.H.Nazmudeen

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available With the large-scale research in space sciences and technologies, there is a great demand of satellite image security system for providing secure storage and transmission of satellite images. As the demand to protect the sensitive and valuable data from satellites has increased and hence proposed a new method for satellite image security by combining DWT-DCT watermarking and AES encryption. Watermarking techniques developed for multimedia data cannot be directly applied to the satellite images because here the analytic integrity of the data, rather than perceptual quality, is of primary importance. To improve performance, combine discrete wavelet transform (DWT with another equally powerful transform; the discrete cosine transform (DCT. The combined DWT-DCT watermarking algorithm’s imperceptibility was better than the performance of the DWT approach. Modified decision based unsymmetrical trimmed median filter (MDBUTMF algorithm is proposed for the restoration of satellite images that are highly corrupted by salt and pepper noise. Satellite images desire not only the watermarking for copyright protection but also encryption during storage and transmission for preventing information leakage. Hence this paper investigates the security and performance level of joint DWT-DCT watermarking and Advanced Encryption Standard (AES for satellite imagery. Theoretical analysis can be done by calculating PSNR and MSE. The experimental results demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed scheme, which fulfils the strict requirements concerning alterations of satellite images.

  16. aes, the gene encoding the esterase B in Escherichia coli, is a powerful phylogenetic marker of the species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuffery Pierre

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Previous studies have established a correlation between electrophoretic polymorphism of esterase B, and virulence and phylogeny of Escherichia coli. Strains belonging to the phylogenetic group B2 are more frequently implicated in extraintestinal infections and include esterase B2 variants, whereas phylogenetic groups A, B1 and D contain less virulent strains and include esterase B1 variants. We investigated esterase B as a marker of phylogeny and/or virulence, in a thorough analysis of the esterase B-encoding gene. Results We identified the gene encoding esterase B as the acetyl-esterase gene (aes using gene disruption. The analysis of aes nucleotide sequences in a panel of 78 reference strains, including the E. coli reference (ECOR strains, demonstrated that the gene is under purifying selection. The phylogenetic tree reconstructed from aes sequences showed a strong correlation with the species phylogenetic history, based on multi-locus sequence typing using six housekeeping genes. The unambiguous distinction between variants B1 and B2 by electrophoresis was consistent with Aes amino-acid sequence analysis and protein modelling, which showed that substituted amino acids in the two esterase B variants occurred mostly at different sites on the protein surface. Studies in an experimental mouse model of septicaemia using mutant strains did not reveal a direct link between aes and extraintestinal virulence. Moreover, we did not find any genes in the chromosomal region of aes to be associated with virulence. Conclusion Our findings suggest that aes does not play a direct role in the virulence of E. coli extraintestinal infection. However, this gene acts as a powerful marker of phylogeny, illustrating the extensive divergence of B2 phylogenetic group strains from the rest of the species.

  17. Local environmental and meteorological conditions influencing the invasive mosquito Ae. albopictus and arbovirus transmission risk in New York City.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Little, Eliza; Bajwa, Waheed; Shaman, Jeffrey

    2017-08-01

    Ae. albopictus, an invasive mosquito vector now endemic to much of the northeastern US, is a significant public health threat both as a nuisance biter and vector of disease (e.g. chikungunya virus). Here, we aim to quantify the relationships between local environmental and meteorological conditions and the abundance of Ae. albopictus mosquitoes in New York City. Using statistical modeling, we create a fine-scale spatially explicit risk map of Ae. albopictus abundance and validate the accuracy of spatiotemporal model predictions using observational data from 2016. We find that the spatial variability of annual Ae. albopictus abundance is greater than its temporal variability in New York City but that both local environmental and meteorological conditions are associated with Ae. albopictus numbers. Specifically, key land use characteristics, including open spaces, residential areas, and vacant lots, and spring and early summer meteorological conditions are associated with annual Ae. albopictus abundance. In addition, we investigate the distribution of imported chikungunya cases during 2014 and use these data to delineate areas with the highest rates of arboviral importation. We show that the spatial distribution of imported arboviral cases has been mostly discordant with mosquito production and thus, to date, has provided a check on local arboviral transmission in New York City. We do, however, find concordant areas where high Ae. albopictus abundance and chikungunya importation co-occur. Public health and vector control officials should prioritize control efforts to these areas and thus more cost effectively reduce the risk of local arboviral transmission. The methods applied here can be used to monitor and identify areas of risk for other imported vector-borne diseases.

  18. In vitro analysis of the susceptibility of HIV-1 subtype A and CRF01_AE integrases to raltegravir.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bellecave, Pantxika; Malato, Laurent; Calmels, Christina; Reigadas, Sandrine; Parissi, Vincent; Andreola, Marie-Line; Fleury, Hervé

    2014-08-01

    The antiviral efficacy of raltegravir (RAL) has been proven against human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) subtypes B and C but remained to be determined against other subtypes. Therefore, the enzymatic activities as well as RAL resistance of HIV-1 subtype A and CRF01_AE integrases (INs) were investigated. Previously published subtype A and CRF01_AE IN sequences from RAL-naïve patients were aligned to generate consensus sequences for both IN subtypes. Subtype A and CRF01_AE INs encoded by these consensus sequences as well as the corresponding enzymes harbouring the N155H resistance mutation were expressed and purified. Enzymatic activities of subtype A and CRF01_AE INs were analysed with regard to typical 3'-end processing (3'-P) and strand transfer (ST) activities both in the presence and absence of RAL and were compared with subtype B IN as well as with the corresponding INs harbouring the N155H resistance mutation. Subtypes B, A and CRF01_AE INs showed similar 3'-P and ST activities. In the presence of RAL, the three wild-type INs exhibited ST activity IC50 values (50% inhibitory concentrations) of 86.3 ± 32.5, 158.3 ± 99.0 and 100.0 ± 65.7 nM, respectively. Analysis of 3'-P activity in the presence of RAL revealed IC(50) > 10 μM for all three enzymes. The three INs harbouring the N155H mutation presented in vitro low but similar resistance levels to RAL. In conclusion, INs from HIV-1 subtypes B, A and CRF01_AE showed similar responses to RAL in vitro, suggesting the potency of this antiretroviral drug to treat HIV-1 subtype A- and CRF01_AE-infected patients.

  19. The four serotypes of dengue recognize the same putative receptors in Aedes aegypti midgut and Ae. albopictus cells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camacho-Nuez Minerva

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dengue viruses (DENV attach to the host cell surface and subsequently enter the cell by receptor-mediated endocytosis. Several primary and low affinity co-receptors for this flavivirus have been identified. However, the presence of these binding molecules on the cell surface does not necessarily render the cell susceptible to infection. Determination of which of them serve as bona fide receptors for this virus in the vector may be relevant to treating DENV infection and in designing control strategies. Results (1 Overlay protein binding assay showed two proteins with molecular masses of 80 and 67 kDa (R80 and R67. (2 Specific antibodies against these two proteins inhibited cell binding and infection. (3 Both proteins were bound by all four serotypes of dengue virus. (4 R80 and R67 were purified by affinity chromatography from Ae. aegypti mosquito midguts and from Ae albopictus C6/36 cells. (5 In addition, a protein with molecular mass of 57 kDa was purified by affinity chromatography from the midgut extracts. (6 R80 and R67 from radiolabeled surface membrane proteins of C6/36 cells were immunoprecipitated by antibodies against Ae. aegypti midgut. Conclusion Our results strongly suggest that R67 and R80 are receptors for the four serotypes of dengue virus in the midgut cells of Ae. aegypti and in C6/36 Ae. albopictus cells.

  20. Disk wind and magnetospheric accretion in emission from the Herbig Ae star MWC 480

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tambovtseva, L. V.; Grinin, V. P.; Potravnov, I. S.; Mkrtichian, D. E.

    2016-09-01

    The young Herbig Ae star MWC 480 (HD 31648) is one of the comprehensively spectroscopically studied stars in the ultraviolet, optical, and infrared spectral ranges. Using non-LTE modeling of its hydrogen spectrum, we have calculated the contribution to the hydrogen emission from such important regions of the circumstellar environment as the disk wind and the magnetosphere. We have used our own observations of the stellar spectrum performed with the 2.4-m telescope at the Thai National Observatory to quantitatively check our theoretical calculations. In addition, all of the visible and infrared spectra available in the literature have been used for a qualitative comparison. The modeling results have revealed a significant role of the magneto-centrifugal disk wind in the formation of atomic hydrogen emission. The cause of the emission line variability in the spectrum ofMWC 480 is discussed.

  1. Can Pearlite form Outside of the Hultgren Extrapolation of the Ae3 and Acm Phase Boundaries?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aranda, M. M.; Rementeria, R.; Capdevila, C.; Hackenberg, R. E.

    2016-02-01

    It is usually assumed that ferrous pearlite can form only when the average austenite carbon concentration C 0 lies between the extrapolated Ae3 ( γ/ α) and Acm ( γ/ θ) phase boundaries (the "Hultgren extrapolation"). This "mutual supersaturation" criterion for cooperative lamellar nucleation and growth is critically examined from a historical perspective and in light of recent experiments on coarse-grained hypoeutectoid steels which show pearlite formation outside the Hultgren extrapolation. This criterion, at least as interpreted in terms of the average austenite composition, is shown to be unnecessarily restrictive. The carbon fluxes evaluated from Brandt's solution are sufficient to allow pearlite growth both inside and outside the Hultgren Extrapolation. As for the feasibility of the nucleation events leading to pearlite, the only criterion is that there are some local regions of austenite inside the Hultgren Extrapolation, even if the average austenite composition is outside.

  2. Analyzing Permutations for AES-like Ciphers: Understanding ShiftRows

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beierle, Christof; Jovanovic, Philipp; Lauridsen, Martin Mehl

    2015-01-01

    attacks. After formalizing the concept of guaranteed trail weights, we show a range of equivalence results for permutation layers in this context. We prove that the trail weight analysis when using arbitrary word-wise permutations, with rotations as a special case, reduces to a consideration of a specific...... normal form. Using a mixed-integer linear programming approach, we obtain optimal parameters for a wide range of AES-like ciphers, and show improvements on parameters for Rijndael-192, Rijndael-256, PRIMATEs-80 and Prøst-128. As a separate result, we show for specific cases of the state geometry...... that a seemingly optimal bound on the trail weight can be obtained using cyclic rotations only for the permutation layer, i.e. in a very implementation friendly way....

  3. ICP-AES Determination of Mineral Content in Boletus tomentipes Collected from Different Sites of China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xue-mei; Zhang, Ji; Li, Tao; Li, Jie-qing; Wang, Yuan-zhong; Liu, Hong-gao

    2015-05-01

    P, Na, Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, Zn, As, Cd, Co, Cr and Ni, contents have been examined in caps and stipes of Boletus tomentipes collected from different sites of Yunnan province, southwest China. The elements were determined using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES) with microwave digestion. P, Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn and Cu were the most abundant amongst elements determined in Boletus tomentipes. The caps were richer in P, Mg, Zn and Cd, and the stipes in Ca, Co and Ni. Cluster analysis showed a difference between Puer (BT7 and BT8) and other places. The PCA explained about 77% of the total variance, and the minerals differentiating these places were P (PC1) together with Ca, Cu, Fe, Mg, As and Ni, Na (PC2) together with Cd, and Zn (PC3). The results of this study imply that element concentrations of a mushroom are mutative when collected from the different bedrock soil geochemistry.

  4. A Novel and Highly Efficient AES Implementation Robust against Differential Power Analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Masoumi, Massoud

    2010-01-01

    Developed by Paul Kocher, Joshua Jaffe, and Benjamin Jun in 1999, Differential Power Analysis (DPA) represents a unique and powerful cryptanalysis technique. Insight into the encryption and decryption behavior of a cryptographic device can be determined by examining its electrical power signature. This paper describes a novel approach for implementation of the AES algorithm which provides a significantly improved strength against differential power analysis with a minimal additional hardware overhead. Our method is based on randomization in composite field arithmetic which entails an area penalty of only 7% while does not decrease the working frequency, does not alter the algorithm and keeps perfect compatibility with the published standard. The efficiency of the proposed technique was verified by practical results obtained from real implementation on a Xilinx Spartan-II FPGA.

  5. Dynamic inhomogeneous S-Boxes in AES: a novel countermeasure against power analysis attacks

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Yicheng; Zou Xuecheng; Liu Zhenglin; Han Yu; Zheng Zhaoxia

    2008-01-01

    Substitution boxes (S-Boxes) in advanced encryption standard (AES) are vulnerable to attacks by power analysis. The general S-Boxes masking schemes in circuit level need to adjust the design flow and library databases. The masking strategies in algorithm level view each S-Box as an independent module and mask them respectively, which are costly in size and power for non-linear characteristic of S-Boxes. The new method uses dynamic inhomogeneous S-Boxes instead of traditional homogeneous S-Boxes, and arranges the S-Boxes randomly. So the power and data path delay of substitution unit become unpredictable. The experimental results demonstrate that this scheme takes advantages of the circuit characteristics of various S-Box implementations to eliminate the correlation between crypto operation and power. It needs less extra circuits and suits resource constrained applications.

  6. Studies on injector pump-ultrasonic nebulizer feeding sample system for MPT-AES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Feng Guodong; Hang Songbai; Yu Aimin

    2006-01-01

    The feeding-sample system used by microwave plasma torch atomic emission spectroscopy(MPT-AES)is the pneumatic nebulization system;its efficiency,however,is not good.A newly built injector pump-ultrasonic nebulizer combination feeding-sample system has been designed.Its performance was tested and compared with that of the pneumatic nebulization system.It can be concluded that the newly built feeding-sample system can increase the spectral line intensity by about two to three times and decrease the detection limit by about 2 to 10 times.Moreover,this newly built system can reduce the time taken washing the sample cell from 30 rain or so to about 10 rain.

  7. Determination of Metal Contents of Various Fibers Used in Textile Industry by MP-AES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şana Sungur

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The concentrations of metals (Al, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Mn, Ni, Pb, Tl, and Zn in various textile fibers (cotton, acrylic, polyester, nylon, viscose, and polypropylene of different colors (red, white, green, blue, yellow, orange, black, brown, purple, pink, navy, burgundy, beige, and grey were determined by microwave plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (MP-AES. Textile fibers were collected from the various textile plants in Gaziantep-Kahramanmaraş, Turkey. Heavy metals concentrations in all examined textile fibers after wet digestion were found to be high, whereas in the artificial sweat extract they were low. The only lead concentrations in textile fibers analyzed after extraction in the artificial sweat solution were found higher than limit values given by Oeko-Tex.

  8. An Ionized Outflow from AB Aur, a Herbig Ae Star with a Transitional Disk

    CERN Document Server

    Rodriguez, Luis F; Dzib, Sergio A; Ortiz-Leon, Gisela; Loinard, Laurent; Macias, Enrique; Anglada, Guillem

    2014-01-01

    AB Aur is a Herbig Ae star with a transitional disk. Transitional disks present substantial dust clearing in their inner regions, most probably because of the formation of one or more planets, although other explanations are still viable. In transitional objects, accretion is found to be about an order of magnitude smaller than in classical full disks. Since accretion is believed to be correlated with outflow activity, centimeter free-free jets are expected to be present in association with these systems, at weaker levels than in classical protoplanetary (full) systems. We present new observations of the centimeter radio emission associated with the inner regions of AB Aur and conclude that the morphology, orientation, spectral index and lack of temporal variability of the centimeter source imply the presence of a collimated, ionized outflow. The radio luminosity of this radio jet is, however, about 20 times smaller than that expected for a classical system of similar bolometric luminosity. We conclude that c...

  9. [Qualitative and quantitative analysis of various elements in chromite ore by ICP-AES].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Yang; Zheng, Shi-li; Wang, Xiao-hui; Xu, Hong-bin; Zhang, Yi

    2010-01-01

    Kind of the elements in chromite ore was firstly determined by ICP-AES. Twenty nine elements, such as Cr, Fe, Al, Mg, Zn, Ca and Ni, were contained in the chromite sample based on the qualitative analysis. Then the contents of main elements Cr, Fe, Al, Mg, Ca, T, Si, Mn and V were measured. The chromite samples processing procedures have two steps, the first is decomposition by nitrate carbonate and sodium tetraborate at 950 degrees C for 30 min, then leaching by dilute hydrochloric acid at 80 degrees C for 10 min. The method showed satisfactory precision and accuracy with the RSDs between 0.48% and 2.05% and the recovery rates between 90.5% and 111.3%.

  10. The surface cleanliness of 316 L + N stainless steel studied by SIMS and AES

    CERN Document Server

    Mathewson, A G

    1974-01-01

    Some cleaning methods for 316 L+N stainless steel including solvent cleaning, high temperature treatment in vacuo and gas discharge cleaning have been studied by SIMS and AES with a view to providing a clean vacuum chamber surface with low gas desorption under ion bombardment. After solvent cleaning the main surface contaminant was found to be C and its associated compounds. Laboratory investigations on small samples of stainless steel showed that clean surfaces could be obtained by heating in vacuo to 800 degrees C followed by exposure to air and by argon or argon/10% oxygen discharge cleaning. Due to a cross contamination within the vacuum system, the 800 degrees C treated chamber gave positive desorption coefficients under ion bombardment. The pure argon discharge cleaned chambers proved stable giving negative desorption coefficients up to 2200 eV ion energy even after several weeks storage discharge treatment and installation. (10 refs).

  11. Application of Glow Discharge Aes for Investigation of Metal Ions and Water in Biology and Medicine

    CERN Document Server

    Bregadze, Vasil G; Tsakadze, Ketevan J

    2007-01-01

    AES VHF inductively coupled plasmatron may be applied to wide range of studies. It enables rapid microanalysis of various solutions including biological objects and peripheral blood serum. In addition, it may be used for investigation of water desorption from solid bodies and for determination of energetic metal-macromolecule complexes. Study of hydration energy and hydration number by kinetic curves of water glow discharge atomic spectral analysis of hydrogen (GD EAS analysis of hydrogen) desorption from Na-DNA humidified fibers allowed to reveal that structural and conformational changes in activation energy of hydrated water molecules increases by 0.65kcal/Mole of water. The developed method of analysis of elements in solutions containing high concentrations of organic materials allows systematic study of practically healthy persons and reveals risk factors for several diseases. Microelemental content of blood serum fractions showed that amount of not bounded with ceruloplasmin copper was three times more ...

  12. Asphodosides A-E, anti-MRSA metabolites from Asphodelus microcarpus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghoneim, Mohammed M; Elokely, Khaled M; El-Hela, Atef A; Mohammad, Abd-Elsalam I; Jacob, Melissa; Radwan, Mohamed M; Doerksen, Robert J; Cutler, Stephen J; Ross, Samir A

    2014-09-01

    Bioassay guided fractionation of the ethanolic extract of Asphodelus microcarpus Salzm. et Viv. (Xanthorrhoeaceae or Asphodelaceae) resulted in isolation of five compounds identified as asphodosides A-E (1-5). Compounds 2-4 showed activity against methicillin resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) with IC50 values of 1.62, 7.0 and 9.0μg/mL, respectively. They also exhibited activity against Staphylococcus aureus (non-MRSA) with IC50 values of 1.0, 3.4 and 2.2μg/mL, respectively. The structure elucidation of isolated metabolites was carried out using spectroscopic data (1D and 2D NMR), optical rotation and both experimental and calculated electronic circular dichroism (ECD).

  13. How non-magnetic are "non-magnetic" Herbig Ae/Be stars?

    CERN Document Server

    Wade, G A; Catala, C; Bagnulo, S; Landstreet, J D; Flood, J; Böhm, T; Bouret, J -C; Donati, J -F; Folsom, C P; Grunhut, J; Silvester, J

    2007-01-01

    Our recent discovery of magnetic fields in a small number of Herbig Ae/Be stars has required that we survey a much larger sample of stars. From our FORS1 and ESPaDOnS surveys, we have acquired about 125 observations of some 70 stars in which no magnetic fields are detected. Using a Monte Carlo approach, we have performed statistical comparisons of the observed longitudinal fields and LSD Stokes V profiles of these apparently non-magnetic stars with a variety of field models. This has allowed us to derive general upper limits on the presence of dipolar fields in the sample, and to place realistic upper limits on undetected dipole fields which may be present in individual stars. This paper briefly reports the results of the statistical modeling, as well as field upper limits for individual stars of particular interest.

  14. Discovery of non-radial pulsations in the spectroscopic binary Herbig Ae star RS Cha

    CERN Document Server

    Böhm, T; Catala, C; Alecian, E; Pollard, K; Wright, D

    2008-01-01

    In this article we present a first discovery of non radial pulsations in both components of the Herbig Ae spectroscopic binary star RS Cha. The binary was monitored in quasi-continuous observations during 14 observing nights (Jan 2006) at the 1m Mt John (New Zealand) telescope with the Hercules high-resolution echelle spectrograph. The cumulated exposure time on the star was 44 hrs, corresponding to 255 individual high-resolution echelle spectra with $R = 45000$. Least square deconvolved spectra (LSD) were obtained for each spectrum representing the effective photospheric absorption profile modified by pulsations. Difference spectra were calculated by subtracting rotationally broadened artificial profiles; these residual spectra were analysed and non-radial pulsations were detected. A subsequent analysis with two complementary methods, namely Fourier Parameter Fit (FPF) and Fourier 2D (F2D) has been performed and first constraints on the pulsation modes have been derived. In fact, both components of the spect...

  15. Dosimetry of 64Cu-DOTA-AE105, a PET tracer for uPAR imaging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Persson, Morten; El Ali, Henrik H.; Binderup, Tina

    2014-01-01

    studies in mice to evaluate the in vivo biodistribution and estimate human dosimetry of 64Cu-DOTA-AE105. MethodsFive mice received iv tail injection of 64Cu-DOTA-AE105 and were PET/CT scanned 1, 4.5 and 22h post injection. Volume-of-interest (VOI) were manually drawn on the following organs: heart, lung......, liver, kidney, spleen, intestine, muscle, bone and bladder. The activity concentrations in the mentioned organs [%ID/g] were used for the dosimetry calculation. The %ID/g of each organ at 1, 4.5 and 22h was scaled to human value based on a difference between organ and body weights. The scaled values......Favorable dosimetry estimates together with previously reported uPAR PET data fully support human testing of 64Cu-DOTA-AE105....

  16. The magnetic field of the pre-main sequence Herbig Ae star HD 190073

    Science.gov (United States)

    Catala, C.; Alecian, E.; Donati, J.-F.; Wade, G. A.; Landstreet, J. D.; Böhm, T.; Bouret, J.-C.; Bagnulo, S.; Folsom, C.; Silvester, J.

    2007-01-01

    Context: The general context of this paper is the study of magnetic fields in the pre-main sequence intermediate mass Herbig Ae/Be stars. Magnetic fields are likely to play an important role in pre-main sequence evolution at these masses, in particular in controlling the gains and losses of stellar angular momentum. Aims: The particular aim of this paper is to announce the detection of a structured magnetic field in the Herbig Ae star HD 190073, and to discuss various scenarii for the geometry of the star, its environment and its magnetic field. Methods: We have used the ESPaDOnS spectropolarimeter at CFHT in 2005 and 2006 to obtain high-resolution, high signal-to-noise circular polarization spectra which demonstrate unambiguously the presence of a magnetic field in the photosphere of this star. Results: Nine circular polarization spectra were obtained, each one showing a clear Zeeman signature. This signature is suggestive of a magnetic field structured on large scales. The signature, which corresponds to a longitudinal magnetic field of 74± 10 G, does not vary detectably on a one-year timeframe, indicating either an azimuthally symmetric field, a zero inclination angle between the rotation axis and the line of sight, or a very long rotation period. The optical spectrum of HD 190073 exhibits a large number of emission lines. We discuss the formation of these emission lines in the framework of a model involving a turbulent heated region at the base of the stellar wind, possibly powered by magnetic accretion. Conclusions: .This magnetic detection contributes an important new observational discovery which will aid our understanding of stellar magnetism at intermediate masses. Based on observations obtained at the Canada-France-Hawaii Telescope (CFHT) which is operated by the National Research Council of Canada, the Institut National des Sciences de l'Univers of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique of France, and the University of Hawaii.

  17. The mid-infrared polarization of the Herbig Ae star WL 16: an interstellar origin?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Han; Telesco, Charles M.; Pantin, Eric; Li, Dan; Wright, Christopher M.; Mariñas, Naibí; Barnes, Peter; Li, Aigen; Packham, Christopher

    2017-03-01

    We present high-resolution (0.4 arcsec) mid-infrared (mid-IR) polarimetric images and spectra of WL 16, a Herbig Ae star at a distance of 125 pc. WL 16 is surrounded by a protoplanetary disc of ∼ 900 au in diameter, making it one of the most extended Herbig Ae/Be discs as seen in the mid-IR. The star is behind, or embedded in, the ρ Ophiuchus molecular cloud, and obscured by 28 mag of extinction at optical wavelengths by the foreground cloud. Mid-IR polarization of WL 16 mainly arises from aligned elongated dust grains present along the line of sight, suggesting a uniform morphology of polarization vectors with an orientation of 33°(east from north) and a polarization fraction of ∼ 2.0 per cent. This orientation is consistent with previous polarimetric surveys in the optical and near-IR bands to probe large-scale magnetic fields in the Ophiuchus star formation region, indicating that the observed mid-IR polarization towards WL 16 is produced by the dichroic absorption of magnetically aligned foreground dust grains by a uniform magnetic field. Using polarizations of WL 16 and Elias 29, a nearby polarization standard star, we constrain the polarization efficiency, p10.3/A10.3, for the dust grains in the ρ Ophiuchus molecular cloud to be ≃1.0 per cent mag-1. WL 16 has polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) emission features detected at 8.6, 11.2, 12.0, and 12.7 μm by our spectroscopic data, and we find an anticorrelation between the PAH surface brightness and the PAH ionization fraction between the north-west and south-west sides of the disc.

  18. Ovitrap surveys of dengue vector mosquitoes in Chiang Mai, northern Thailand: seasonal shifts in relative abundance of Aedes albopictus and Ae. aegypti.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mogi, M; Khamboonruang, C; Choochote, W; Suwanpanit, P

    1988-10-01

    Aedes aegypti (L.) and Aedes albopictus (Skuse) were surveyed using ovitraps in residential areas in Chiang Mai, northern Thailand. Egg populations (both species inclusive) remained low in the dry season, but increased/decreased exponentially during the first/latter half of the rainy season, respectively. This seasonal pattern was similar to the seasonal distribution of dengue haemorrhagic fever cases in the area. During the dry season (November-March) Ae.aegypti was dominant in urban and indoor ovitraps. With onset of the rainy season in April, relative abundance of Ae.albopictus increased in rural and outdoor ovitraps. Ae.albopictus displaced Ae.aegypti in the latter half of the rainy season in the rural area. Possible mechanisms to account for this seasonal decline of Ae.aegypti and reciprocal fluctuations in relative abundance of Ae.albopictus are discussed in relation to food availability for larvae in container habitats.

  19. A homosexual japanese man with acute hepatitis due to hepatitis B virus genotype ae, concurrent with amebic colitis

    OpenAIRE

    Sakaguchi, Kohsaku; KOBASHI, HARUHIKO; Takaki,Akinobu; Kato, Jun; Nawa,Toru; Tatsukawa, Masashi; ISHIKAWA, SHIN; Iwasaki, Yoshiaki; Miyake,Yasuhiro; Shiratori, Yasushi

    2007-01-01

    We report herein a case with acute hepatitis due to hepatitis B virus genotype Ae, concurrent with amebic colitis. A 39-year-old homosexual Japanese man was admitted to our hospital with jaundice. Laboratory tests showed an elevation of transaminase and positivity for hepatitis B surface antigen and IgM-type antibody to hepatitis B core antigen. The hepatitis B virus genotype was determined to be Ae. Furthermore, a mud-like stool with blood and mucous had sometimes been noted during the past ...

  20. Dynamic destabilization analysis based on AE experiment of deep-seated, steep-inclined and extra-thick coal seam

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fenhua Ren; Xingping Lai; Meifeng Cai

    2008-01-01

    No. 5 coal seam in Huating Coal Mine is a deep-seated, steep-inclined extra-thick coal seam where excavation disturbance is quite frequent. The maximum and minimum principal stresses differ widely. During mining, dynamical destabilization happens frequently and induce tragedies. Based on the comparison between the acoustic emission (AE) experiment on dynamical destabilization of coal rock and the related in situ testing results, this article provides comprehensive analysis on the regular quantificational AE patterns (energy rate, total events) of coal rock destabilization in complex-variable environment. The comparison parameters include dynamic tension energy rate, deformation resistance to compression, and shear stress.

  1. Insecticidal activity of Vip3Aa, Vip3Ad, Vip3Ae, and Vip3Af from Bacillus thuringiensis against lepidopteran corn pests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernández-Martínez, Patricia; Hernández-Rodríguez, Carmen Sara; Rie, Jeroen Van; Escriche, Baltasar; Ferré, Juan

    2013-05-01

    Vip3Aa, Vip3Ad, Vip3Ae, and Vip3Af proteins from Bacillus thuringiensis were tested for their toxicity against Spodoptera frugiperda and Agrotis ipsilon. Vip3Ad was non-toxic to the two species. Vip3Ae and Vip3Af were significantly more toxic than Vip3Aa against S. frugiperda, both as protoxins and as toxins. Against A. ipsilon, Vip3Ae protoxin was more toxic than Vip3Aa and Vip3Af protoxins. Purification by metal-chelate affinity chromatography significantly affected Vip3Ae toxicity against the two insect species.

  2. Temporal patterns of abundance of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) and mitochondrial DNA analysis of Ae. albopictus in the Central African Republic

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kamgang, Basile; Ngoagouni, Carine; Manirakiza, Alexandre; Nakouné, Emmanuel; Paupy, Christophe; Kazanji, Mirdad

    2013-01-01

    The invasive Asian tiger mosquito Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) was first reported in central Africa in 2000, in Cameroon, with the indigenous mosquito species Ae. aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae...

  3. Stress estimation around the survey wells in Hanshin-Awaji area by means of AE/DR and DSCA experiments; AE/DR ho to DSCA ho ni yoru Hanshin Awaji chiiki chosa kui shuhen no chikaku oryoku sokutei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ito, H.; Kuwahara, Y.; Nishizawa, O. [Geological Survey of Japan, Tsukuba (Japan); Yamamoto, K. [Tohoku University, Sendai (Japan). Faculty of Science; Sano, O. [Yamaguchi University, Yamaguchi (Japan). Faculty of Engineering; Yokoyama, T.; Kudo, R. [OYO Corp., Tokyo (Japan); Xue, Z. [Kiso-Jiban Consultants Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-05-01

    A total of 5 wells were excavated in the Hanshin-Awaji area (Ikeda, Takarazuka, Tarumi, Hirabayashi and Ikunami) to collect the core samples, which were analyzed by the AE/DR and DSCA methods to determine crustal stresses. For the AE/DR analysis, the core sample was cut in the vertical direction, and in the horizontal direction at intervals of 45{degree}. The sample of unknown orientation was provided with a datum line common for both methods, to compare the results by these methods. A load was applied to the sample, provided with an AE sensor and strain gauge on the sides, in the longitudinal direction. For the DSCA analysis, the core sample was cut into a cube having a side length of 33mm, with a pair of planes directed in parallel to the datum line. A total of 18 strain gauges, 10mm in gauge length, were attached to the cube. The AE/DR analysis gave the maximum and minimum principal stresses in the horizontal plane and stresses in the vertical direction, whereas the DSCA the maximum, intermediate and minimum principal stresses. 3 refs., 7 figs.

  4. Role of Cl(-) -HCO3(-) exchanger AE3 in intracellular pH homeostasis in cultured murine hippocampal neurons, and in crosstalk to adjacent astrocytes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salameh, Ahlam I; Hübner, Christian A; Boron, Walter F

    2017-01-01

    A polymorphism of human AE3 is associated with idiopathic generalized epilepsy. Knockout of AE3 in mice lowers the threshold for triggering epileptic seizures. The explanations for these effects are elusive. Comparisons of cells from wild-type vs. AE3(-/-) mice show that AE3 (present in hippocampal neurons, not astrocytes; mediates HCO3(-) efflux) enhances intracellular pH (pHi ) recovery (decrease) from alkali loads in neurons and, surprisingly, adjacent astrocytes. During metabolic acidosis (MAc), AE3 speeds initial acidification, but limits the extent of pHi decrease in neurons and astrocytes. AE3 speeds re-alkalization after removal of MAc in neurons and astrocytes, and speeds neuronal pHi recovery from an ammonium prepulse-induced acid load. We propose that neuronal AE3 indirectly increases acid extrusion in (a) neurons via Cl(-) loading, and (b) astrocytes by somehow enhancing NBCe1 (major acid extruder). The latter would enhance depolarization-induced alkalinization of astrocytes, and extracellular acidification, and thereby reduce susceptibility to epileptic seizures. The anion exchanger AE3, expressed in hippocampal (HC) neurons but not astrocytes, contributes to intracellular pH (pHi ) regulation by facilitating the exchange of extracellular Cl(-) for intracellular HCO3(-) . The human AE3 polymorphism A867D is associated with idiopathic generalized epilepsy. Moreover, AE3 knockout (AE3(-/-) ) mice are more susceptible to epileptic seizure. The mechanism of these effects has been unclear because the starting pHi in AE3(-/-) and wild-type neurons is indistinguishable. The purpose of the present study was to use AE3(-/-) mice to investigate the role of AE3 in pHi homeostasis in HC neurons, co-cultured with astrocytes. We find that the presence of AE3 increases the acidification rate constant during pHi recovery from intracellular alkaline loads imposed by reducing [CO2 ]. The presence of AE3 also speeds intracellular acidification during the early phase of

  5. Observations of Herbig Ae/Be stars with Herschel/PACS : The atomic and molecular contents of their protoplanetary discs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meeus, G.; Montesinos, B.; Mendigutia, I.; Kamp, I.; Thi, W. F.; Eiroa, C.; Grady, C. A.; Mathews, G.; Sandell, G.; Martin-Zaidi, C.; Brittain, S.; Dent, W. R. F.; Howard, C.; Menard, F.; Pinte, C.; Roberge, A.; Vandenbussche, B.; Williams, J. P.

    We observed a sample of 20 representative Herbig Ae/Be stars and 5 A-type debris discs with PACS onboard Herschel, as part of the GAS in Protoplanetary Systems (GASPS) project. The observations were done in spectroscopic mode, and cover the far-infrared lines of [OI], [CII], CO, CH+, H2O, and OH. We

  6. 42 CFR 84.153 - Airflow resistance test, Type A and Type AE supplied-air respirators; minimum requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... supplied-air respirators; minimum requirements. 84.153 Section 84.153 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE... APPROVAL OF RESPIRATORY PROTECTIVE DEVICES Supplied-Air Respirators § 84.153 Airflow resistance test, Type A and Type AE supplied-air respirators; minimum requirements. (a) Airflow resistance will...

  7. 75 FR 353 - AES Sparrows Point LNG, LLC and Mid-Atlantic Express, LLC; Notice of Availability of the Final...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-05

    ...; CP07-63-000] AES Sparrows Point LNG, LLC and Mid-Atlantic Express, LLC; Notice of Availability of the Final General Conformity Determination for Maryland for the Proposed Sparrows Point LNG Terminal and... potential air quality impacts associated with the construction and operation of a liquefied natural gas...

  8. Spectroscopic signatures of magnetospheric accretion in Herbig Ae/Be stars. I. The case of HD101412

    CERN Document Server

    Schöller, M; Cahuasqui, J A; Drake, N A; Hubrig, S; Petr-Gotzens, M G; Savanov, I S; Wolff, B; Gonzalez, J F; Mysore, S; Ilyin, I; Jarvinen, S P; Stelzer, B

    2016-01-01

    Models of magnetically-driven accretion and outflows reproduce many observational properties of T Tauri stars. This concept is not well established for the more massive Herbig Ae/Be stars. We intend to examine the magnetospheric accretion in Herbig Ae/Be stars and search for rotational modulation using spectroscopic signatures, in this first paper concentrating on the well-studied Herbig Ae star HD101412. We used near-infrared spectroscopic observations of the magnetic Herbig Ae star HD101412 to test the magnetospheric character of its accretion disk/star interaction. We reduced and analyzed 30 spectra of HD101412, acquired with the CRIRES and X-shooter spectrographs installed at the VLT (ESO, Chile). The spectroscopic analysis was based on the He I lambda 10,830 and Pa gamma lines, formed in the accretion region. We found that the temporal behavior of these diagnostic lines in the near-infrared spectra of HD101412 can be explained by rotational modulation of line profiles generated by accreting gas with a pe...

  9. Radiation thermo-chemical models of protoplanetary discs. IV. Modelling CO ro-vibrational emission from Herbig Ae discs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Thi, W. F.; Kamp, I.; Woitke, P.; van der Plas, G.; Bertelsen, R.; Wiesenfeld, L.

    2013-01-01

    Context. The carbon monoxide (CO) ro-vibrational emission from discs around Herbig Ae stars and T Tauri stars with strong ultraviolet emissions suggests that fluorescence pumping from the ground X1Σ+ to the electronic A1Π state of CO should be taken into account in disc models. Aims: We wish to unde

  10. Radiation thermo-chemical models of protoplanetary discs IV. Modelling CO ro-vibrational emission from Herbig Ae discs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Thi, W. F.; Kamp, I.; Woitke, P.; van der Plas, G.; Bertelsen, R.; Wiesenfeld, L.

    2013-01-01

    Context. The carbon monoxide (CO) ro-vibrational emission from discs around Herbig Ae stars and T Tauri stars with strong ultraviolet emissions suggests that fluorescence pumping from the ground X-1 Sigma(+) to the electronic A(1)Pi state of CO should be taken into account in disc models. Aims. We w

  11. 42 CFR 84.160 - Man test for gases and vapors; Type A and Type AE respirators; test requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Man test for gases and vapors; Type A and Type AE respirators; test requirements. 84.160 Section 84.160 Public Health PUBLIC HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH RESEARCH AND RELATED ACTIVITIES APPROVAL OF RESPIRATORY PROTECTIVE DEVICES...

  12. Growth of Ag thin films on ZnO(0 0 0 -1) investigated by AES and STM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duriau, E. [Interuniversity Microelectronic Center (IMEC), SPDT-MCA, Kapeldreef 75, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium); Agouram, S. [Dpto. Fisica Aplicada y Electromagnetismo c/Dr. Moliner no. 50, 46100 Burjassot, Valencia (Spain); Laboratoire de Physique des Materiaux Electroniques (LPME), University of Namur, Rue de Bruxelles 61, B-5000 Namur (Belgium); Morhain, C. [Centre de Recherche sur l' HeteroEpitaxie et ses Applications (CRHEA), CNRS, Rue Bernard Gregory, F-06560 Valbonne Sophia-Antipolis (France); Seldrum, T. [Laboratoire de Physique des Materiaux Electroniques (LPME), University of Namur, Rue de Bruxelles 61, B-5000 Namur (Belgium); Sporken, R. [Laboratoire de Physique des Materiaux Electroniques (LPME), University of Namur, Rue de Bruxelles 61, B-5000 Namur (Belgium); Dumont, J. [Laboratoire de Physique des Materiaux Electroniques (LPME), University of Namur, Rue de Bruxelles 61, B-5000 Namur (Belgium)]. E-mail: jacques.dumont@fundp.ac.be

    2006-11-15

    The growth of Ag films on ZnO(0 0 0 -1) has been investigated by Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) and scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). A high density of islands is nucleated at the earliest stages of the growth. An upstepping mechanism causes these islands to coalesce while the uncovered fraction of the ZnO surface remains constant (30%)

  13. Low Power S-Box Architecture for AES Algorithm using Programmable Second Order Reversible Cellular Automata: An Application to WBAN.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gangadari, Bhoopal Rao; Ahamed, Shaik Rafi

    2016-12-01

    In this paper, we presented a novel approach of low energy consumption architecture of S-Box used in Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) algorithm using programmable second order reversible cellular automata (RCA (2)). The architecture entails a low power implementation with minimal delay overhead and the performance of proposed RCA (2) based S-Box in terms of security is evaluated using the cryptographic properties such as nonlinearity, correlation immunity bias, strict avalanche criteria, entropy and also found that the proposed architecture is secure enough for cryptographic applications. Moreover, the proposed AES algorithm architecture simulation studies show that energy consumption of 68.726 nJ, power dissipation of 3.856 mW for 0.18- μm at 13.69 MHz and energy consumption of 29.408 nJ, power dissipation of 1.65 mW for 0.13- μm at 13.69 MHz. The proposed AES algorithm with RCA (2) based S-Box shows a reduction power consumption by 50 % and energy consumption by 5 % compared to best classical S-Box and composite field arithmetic based AES algorithm. Apart from that, it is also shown that RCA (2) based S-Boxes are dynamic in nature, invertible, low power dissipation compared to that of LUT based S-Box and hence suitable for Wireless Body Area Network (WBAN) applications.

  14. X-shooting Herbig Ae/Be stars: Accretion probed by near-infrared He I emission

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oudmaijer, R.D.; Van Den Ancker, M. E.; Baines, D.; Caselli, P.; Drew, J.E.; Hoare, M.G.; Lumsden, S.L.; Montesinos, B.; Sim, S.; Vink, J.S.; Wheelwright, H.E.; de Wit, W.J.M.

    2011-01-01

    The Herbig Ae/Be stars are intermediate mass pre-main sequence stars that bridge the gap between the low mass T Tauri stars and the Massive Young Stellar Objects. In this mass range, the acting star forming mechanism switches from magnetically controlled accretion to an as yet unknown mechanism, but

  15. Regulation of AE1 anion exchanger and H(+)-ATPase in rat cortex by acute metabolic acidosis and alkalosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabolić, I; Brown, D; Gluck, S L; Alper, S L

    1997-01-01

    The cortical collecting duct (CCD) mediates net secretion or reabsorption of protons according to systemic acid/base status. Using indirect immunofluorescence, we examined the localization and abundance of the vacuolar H(+)-ATPase and the AE1 anion exchanger in intercalated cells (IC) of rat kidney connecting segment (CNT) and CCD during acute (6 hr) metabolic (NH4Cl) acidosis and respiratory (NaHCO3) alkalosis. AE1 immunostaining intensity quantified by confocal microscopy was elevated in metabolic acidosis and substantially reduced in metabolic alkalosis. AE1 immunostaining was restricted to Type A IC in all conditions, and the fraction of AE1+IC was unchanged in CNT and CCd. Metabolic acidosis was accompanied by redistribution of H(+)-ATPase immunostaining towards the apical surface of IC, and metabolic alkalosis was accompanied by H(+)-ATPase redistribution towards the basal surface of IC. Therefore, acute metabolic acidosis produced changes consistent with increased activity of Type A IC and decreased activity of Type B IC, whereas acute metabolic alkalosis produced changes corresponding to increased activity of Type B IC and decreased activity of Type A IC. These data demonstrate that acute systemic acidosis and alkalosis modulate the cellular distribution of two key transporters involved in proton secretion in the distal nephron.

  16. Characterization of titanium hydride film after long-term air interaction: SEM, ARXPS and AES depth profile studies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lisowski, W.; Berg, van den A.H.J.; Smithers, M.

    1998-01-01

    Thin titanium hydride (TiHy) films are compared with thin titanium films after analysis using a combination of scanning electron microscopy (SEM), Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) and angle-resolved x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (ARXPS). The TiHy films were prepared under ultrahigh vacuum condit

  17. Data on cytotoxicity in HeLa and SU-DHL-4 cells exposed to DPB162-AE compound

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mart Bittremieux

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available DPB162-AE is a valuable tool to study store-operated Ca2+ entry (SOCE, as this compound was developed as a 2-APB analog that inhibits SOCE more potently and more selectively than 2-APB itself. In addition to this, we showed that, in some conditions, DPB162-AE can deplete the endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ stores in intact cells, including the cervical carcinoma HeLa cell line and the diffuse large B-cell lymphoma SU-DHL-4 cell line. Here, we present data regarding the toxicity of DPB162-AE in HeLa and SU-DHL-4 cells. For further interpretation of the data presented in this article, please see the research article ‘DPB162-AE, an inhibitor of store-operated Ca2+ entry, can deplete the endoplasmic reticulum Ca2+ store’ (M. Bittremieux, J. V. Gerasimenko, M. Schuermans, T. Luyten, E. Stapleton, K.J. Alzayady, et al., 2017 [1].

  18. Chloride Accumulators NKCC1 and AE2 in Mouse GnRH Neurons: Implications for GABAA Mediated Excitation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carol Taylor-Burds

    Full Text Available A developmental "switch" in chloride transporters occurs in most neurons resulting in GABAA mediated hyperpolarization in the adult. However, several neuronal cell subtypes maintain primarily depolarizing responses to GABAA receptor activation. Among this group are gonadotropin-releasing hormone-1 (GnRH neurons, which control puberty and reproduction. NKCC1 is the primary chloride accumulator in neurons, expressed at high levels early in development and contributes to depolarization after GABAA receptor activation. In contrast, KCC2 is the primary chloride extruder in neurons, expressed at high levels in the adult and contributes to hyperpolarization after GABAA receptor activation. Anion exchangers (AEs are also potential modulators of responses to GABAA activation since they accumulate chloride and extrude bicarbonate. To evaluate the mechanism(s underlying GABAA mediated depolarization, GnRH neurons were analyzed for 1 expression of chloride transporters and AEs in embryonic, pre-pubertal, and adult mice 2 responses to GABAA receptor activation in NKCC1-/- mice and 3 function of AEs in these responses. At all ages, GnRH neurons were immunopositive for NKCC1 and AE2 but not KCC2 or AE3. Using explants, calcium imaging and gramicidin perforated patch clamp techniques we found that GnRH neurons from NKCC1-/- mice retained relatively normal responses to the GABAA agonist muscimol. However, acute pharmacological inhibition of NKCC1 with bumetanide eliminated the depolarization/calcium response to muscimol in 40% of GnRH neurons from WT mice. In the remaining GnRH neurons, HCO3- mediated mechanisms accounted for the remaining calcium responses to muscimol. Collectively these data reveal mechanisms responsible for maintaining depolarizing GABAA mediated transmission in GnRH neurons.

  19. Spectroscopic signatures of magnetospheric accretion in Herbig Ae/Be stars. I. The case of HD 101412

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schöller, M.; Pogodin, M. A.; Cahuasquí, J. A.; Drake, N. A.; Hubrig, S.; Petr-Gotzens, M. G.; Savanov, I. S.; Wolff, B.; González, J. F.; Mysore, S.; Ilyin, I.; Järvinen, S. P.; Stelzer, B.

    2016-07-01

    Context. Models of magnetically-driven accretion and outflows reproduce many observational properties of T Tauri stars. This concept is not well established for the more massive Herbig Ae/Be stars. Aims: We intend to examine the magnetospheric accretion in Herbig Ae/Be stars and search for rotational modulation using spectroscopic signatures, in this first paper concentrating on the well-studied Herbig Ae star HD 101412. Methods: We used near-infrared spectroscopic observations of the magnetic Herbig Ae star HD 101412 to test the magnetospheric character of its accretion disk/star interaction. We reduced and analyzed 30 spectra of HD 101412, acquired with the CRIRES and X-shooter spectrographs installed at the VLT (ESO, Chile). The spectroscopic analysis was based on the He iλ10 830 and Paγ lines, formed in the accretion region. Results: We found that the temporal behavior of these diagnostic lines in the near-infrared spectra of HD 101412 can be explained by rotational modulation of line profiles generated by accreting gas with a period P = 20.53d±1.68d. The discovery of this period, about half of the magnetic rotation period Pm = 42.076d previously determined from measurements of the mean longitudinal magnetic field, indicates that the accreted matter falls onto the star in regions close to the magnetic poles intersecting the line-of-sight two times during the rotation cycle. We intend to apply this method to a larger sample of Herbig Ae/Be stars. Based on observations made with ESO Telescopes at the La Silla Paranal Observatory under programme IDs 087.C-0124(A), 088.C-0218(A,B,C,E), 090.C-0331(A), and 092.C-0126(A).

  20. Linear spectropolarimetry across the optical spectrum of Herbig Ae/Be stars

    CERN Document Server

    Ababakr, K M; Vink, J S

    2016-01-01

    We present the results of spectropolarimetric observations of 12 Herbig Ae/Be objects. Our data have the largest spectropolarimetric wavelength coverage, 4560 {\\AA} to 9480 {\\AA}, published to date. A change in linear polarisation across the H{\\alpha} line, is detected in all objects. Such a line effect reveals the fact that stellar photons are scattered off free electrons that are not distributed in a spherically symmetric volume, suggesting the presence of small disks around these accreting objects. Thanks to the large wavelength coverage, we can report that H{\\alpha} is the spectral line in the optical wavelength range that is most sensitive to revealing deviations from spherical symmetry, and the one most likely to show a line effect across the polarisation in such cases. Few other spectral lines display changes in polarisation across the line. In addition, H{\\alpha} is the only line which shows an effect across its absorption component in some sources. We present a scenario explaining this finding and de...

  1. The Chandra X-Ray Observatory's Radiation Environment and the AP-8/AE-8 Model

    CERN Document Server

    Virani, S N; Plucinsky, P P; Butt, Y M; Virani, Shanil N.; Mueller-Mellin, Reinhold; Plucinsky, Paul P.; Butt, Yousaf M.

    2000-01-01

    The Chandra X-ray Observatory (CXO) was launched on July 23, 1999 and reached its final orbit on August 7, 1999. The CXO is in a highly elliptical orbit, approximately 140,000 km x 10,000 km, and has a period of approximately 63.5 hours (~ 2.65 days). It transits the Earth's Van Allen belts once per orbit during which no science observations can be performed due to the high radiation environment. The Chandra X-ray Observatory Center (CXC) currently uses the National Space Science Data Center's ``near Earth'' AP-8/AE-8 radiation belt model to predict the start and end times of passage through the radiation belts. However, our scheduling software uses only a simple dipole model of the Earth's magnetic field. The resulting B, L magnetic coordinates, do not always give sufficiently accurate predictions of the start and end times of transit of the Van Allen belts. We show this by comparing to the data from Chandra's on-board radiation monitor, the EPHIN (Electron, Proton, Helium Instrument particle detector) instr...

  2. An asynchronous pipeline architecture for the low-power AES S-box

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zeng Yonghong; Zou Xuecheng; Liu Zhenglin

    2008-01-01

    To obtain a low-power and compact implementation of the advanced encryption standard (AES) S-box, an asynchronous pipeline architecture over composite field arithmetic was proposed in this paper. In the presented S-box, some improvements were made as follows. (1) Level-sensitive latches were inserted in data path to block the propagation of the dynamic hazards, which lowered the power of data path circuit. (2) Operations of latches were controlled by latch controllers based on presented asynchronous sequence element: LC-element, which utilized static asymmetric C-element to construct a simple and power-efficient circuit structure. (3) Implementation of the data path circuit was a semi-custom standard-cell circuit on 0.25μm complementary mental oxide semiconductor (CMOS) process; and the full-custom design methodology was adopted in the handshake circuit design. Experimental results show that the resulting circuit achieves nearly 46% improvement with moderate area penalty (11.7%) compared with the related composite field S-box in power performance. The presented S-box circuit can be a hardware intelligent property (IP) embedded in the targeted systems such as wireless sensor networks (WSN), smartcards and radio frequency identification (RFID).

  3. Detection of warm molecular hydrogen in the circumstellar disk around the Herbig Ae star HD97048

    CERN Document Server

    Martin-Zaidi, C; Pantin, E; Habart, E

    2007-01-01

    We present high resolution spectroscopic mid-infrared observations of the circumstellar disk around the Herbig Ae star HD97048 with the VLT Imager and Spectrometer for the mid-InfraRed (VISIR). We detect the S(1) pure rotational line of molecular hydrogen (H2) at 17.035 microns arising from the disk around the star. This detection reinforces the claim that HD97048 is a young object surrounded by a flared disk at an early stage of evolution. The emitting warm gas is located within the inner 35 AU of the disk. The line-to-continuum flux ratio is much higher than expected from models of disks at local thermodynamics equilibrium. We investigate the possible physical conditions, such as a gas-to-dust mass ratio higher than 100 and different excitation mechanisms of molecular hydrogen (X-ray heating, shocks, ...) in order to explain the detection. We tentatively estimate the mass of warm gas to be in the range from 0.01 to nearly 1 Jupiter Mass. Further observations are needed to better constrain the excitation mec...

  4. Spectropolarimetry of the H-alpha line in Herbig Ae/Be stars

    CERN Document Server

    Harrington, D M

    2007-01-01

    Using the HiVIS spectropolarimeter built for the Haleakala 3.7m AEOS telescope, we have obtained a large number of high precision spectropolarimetrc observations (284) of Herbig AeBe stars collected over 53 nights totaling more than 300 hours of observing. Our sample of five HAeBe stars: AB Aurigae, MWC480, MWC120, MWC158 and HD58647, all show systematic variations in the linear polarization amplitude and direction as a function of time and wavelength near the H-alpha line. In all our stars, the H-alpha line profiles show evidence of an intervening disk or outflowing wind, evidenced by strong emission with an absorptive component. The linear polarization varies by 0.2% to 1.5% with the change typically centered in the absorptive part of the line profile. These observations are inconsistent with a simple disk-scattering model or a depolarization model which produce polarization changes centered on the emmissive core. We speculate that polarized absorption via optical pumping of the intervening gas may be the c...

  5. Adenovirus E1A/E1B Transformed Amniotic Fluid Cells Support Human Cytomegalovirus Replication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natascha Krömmelbein

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The human cytomegalovirus (HCMV replicates to high titers in primary human fibroblast cell cultures. A variety of primary human cells and some tumor-derived cell lines do also support permissive HCMV replication, yet at low levels. Cell lines established by transfection of the transforming functions of adenoviruses have been notoriously resistant to HCMV replication and progeny production. Here, we provide first-time evidence that a permanent cell line immortalized by adenovirus type 5 E1A and E1B (CAP is supporting the full HCMV replication cycle and is releasing infectious progeny. The CAP cell line had previously been established from amniotic fluid cells which were likely derived from membranes of the developing fetus. These cells can be grown under serum-free conditions. HCMV efficiently penetrated CAP cells, expressed its immediate-early proteins and dispersed restrictive PML-bodies. Viral DNA replication was initiated and viral progeny became detectable by electron microscopy in CAP cells. Furthermore, infectious virus was released from CAP cells, yet to lower levels compared to fibroblasts. Subviral dense bodies were also secreted from CAP cells. The results show that E1A/E1B expression in transformed cells is not generally repressive to HCMV replication and that CAP cells may be a good substrate for dense body based vaccine production.

  6. Ambiguities in Determination Of Self-Affinity in the AE-index Time Series

    CERN Document Server

    Watkins, N W; Rhodes, C S; Rowlands, G

    2001-01-01

    The interaction between the Earth's magnetic field and the solar wind plasma results in a natural plasma confinement system which stores energy. Dissipation of this energy through Joule heating in the ionosphere can be studied via the Auroral Electrojet (AE) index. The apparent broken power law form of the frequency spectrum of this index has motivated investigation of whether it can be described as fractal coloured noise. One frequently-applied test for self-affinity is to demonstrate linear scaling of the logarithm of the structure function of a time series with the logarithm of the dilation factor $\\lambda$. We point out that, while this is conclusive when applied to signals that are self-affine over many decades in $\\lambda$, such as Brownian motion, the slope deviates from exact linearity and the conclusions become ambiguous when the test is used over shorter ranges of $\\lambda$. We demonstrate that non self-affine time series made up of random pulses can show near-linear scaling over a finite dynamic ra...

  7. Mid-infrared spectra of PAH emission in Herbig AeBe stars

    CERN Document Server

    Sloan, G C; Forrest, W J; Leibensperger, E; Sargent, B; Li, A; Najita, J; Watson, D M; Brandl, B R; Chen, C H; Green, J D; Markwick-Kemper, F; Herter, T L; D'Alessio, P; Morris, P W; Barry, J; Hall, P; Myers, P C; Houck, J R

    2005-01-01

    We present spectra of four Herbig AeBe stars obtained with the Infrared Spectrograph (IRS). on the Spitzer Space Telescope. All four of the sources show strong emission from polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs), with the 6.2 um emission feature shifted to 6.3 um and the strongest C-C skeletal-mode feature occuring at 7.9 um instead of at 7.7 um as is often seen. Remarkably, none of the four stars have silicate emission. The strength of the 7.9 um feature varies with respect to the 11.3 um feature among the sources, indicating that we have observed PAHs with a range of ionization fractions. The ionization fraction is higher for systems with hotter and brighter central stars. Two sources, HD 34282 and HD 169142, show emission features from aliphatic hydrocarbons at 6.85 and 7.25 um. The spectrum of HD 141569 shows a previously undetected emission feature at 12.4 um which may be related to the 12.7 um PAH feature. The spectrum of HD 135344, the coolest star in our sample, shows an unusual profile in the 7-9 u...

  8. IMAGE STEGANOGRAPHY BASED ON TRANSFORM DOMAIN, BLOWFISH AND AES FOR SECOND LEVEL SECURITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janki Gajjar

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Steganography is technique for secret communication. It hides the existence of the communication between parties. So viewer cannot detect the existence of the message and also not detect the communication channel. So attacker cannot modify and see the secret information. In image steganography, secrecy is accomplished by hide the secret message in cover image using steganography techniques. There are different types of steganography techniques each have their merits and demerits. Using Steganography techniques on cover image we can improve the security and robustness. For improving second level security we are using cryptography. Cryptography is used to convert the secret message in cipher text means unreadable form of message. Cryptography introduces many algorithms. This algorithm converts the secret message in cipher text. In our proposed method we are using Blowfish and AES algorithm for converting the message in cipher text and then hide this cipher text in cover image using DCT steganography technique. Using this combine technique we can get the stego-image. Here using this proposed method we can get the security and robustness in terms of message when we retrieve the message from the stego-image.

  9. A Study of Ro-vibrational OH Emission from Herbig Ae/Be Stars

    CERN Document Server

    Brittain, Sean D; Carr, John S; Ádámkovics, Máté; Reynolds, Nickalas

    2016-01-01

    We present a study of ro-vibrational OH and CO emission from 21 disks around Herbig Ae/Be stars. We find that the OH and CO luminosities are proportional over a wide range of stellar ultraviolet luminosities. The OH and CO line profiles are also similar, indicating that they arise from roughly the same radial region of the disk. The CO and OH emission are both correlated with the far-ultraviolet luminosity of the stars, while the PAH luminosity is correlated with the longer wavelength ultraviolet luminosity of the stars. Although disk flaring affects the PAH luminosity, it is not a factor in the luminosity of the OH and CO emission. These properties are consistent with models of UV-irradiated disk atmospheres. We also find that the transition disks in our sample, which have large optically thin inner regions, have lower OH and CO luminosities than non-transition disk sources with similar ultraviolet luminosities. This result, while tentative given the small sample size, is consistent with the interpretation t...

  10. PIXE and ICP-AES analysis of early glass unearthed from Xinjiang (China)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, B. [Department of Technical Physics, School of Physics, Peking University, Beijing 100871 (China); Cheng, H.S. [Institute of Modern Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China)]. E-mail: hscheng@fudan.edu.cn; Ma, B. [School of Information Science and Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Li, Q.H. [Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China); Zhang, P. [Xinjiang Institute of Archaeology, Urumchi 830011 (China); Gan, F.X. [School of Information Science and Engineering, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China); Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800 (China); Yang, F.J. [Institute of Modern Physics, Fudan University, Shanghai 200433 (China)

    2005-10-15

    Early glasses (about 1066 BC-220 AD) unearthed from Xinjiang of China were chemically characterized by using PIXE and ICP-AES. It was found that these glasses were basically attributed to PbO-BaO-SiO{sub 2} system, K{sub 2}O-SiO{sub 2} system, Na{sub 2}O-CaO-SiO{sub 2} system and Na{sub 2}O-CaO-PbO-SiO{sub 2} system. The results from the cluster analysis showed that some glasses had basically similar recipe and technology. The PbO-BaO-SiO{sub 2} glass and the K{sub 2}O-SiO{sub 2} glass were thought to come from the central area and the south of ancient China, respectively. The part of the Na{sub 2}O-CaO-SiO{sub 2} glass (including the Na{sub 2}O-CaO-PbO-SiO{sub 2} glass) might be imported from Mesopotamia, while the other part might be locally produced.

  11. [Determination of mineral elements in Bupleurum based on ICP-AES].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cui, Xu-sheng; Dong, Xue-hui; Guo, Yu-hai

    2012-02-01

    ICP-AES technique was used to determine the mineral elements in Bupleurum at different habitat. The results show that: (1) In Bupleurum, the content and accumulation of K was the highest among 5 macroelements, the content and accumulation of Fe was the highest among 5 microelements. (2) In Bupleurum, the content of Ca, Mg, P, Na and Cu was high in habitat of Beijing, the content can respectively reach to 6.40, 3.84, 3.45, 4.97 mg x g(-1), and 25.20 microg x g(-1); while the content of K, Ca, Mg, P, Zn, Mn and Cu was low in habitat of Wanrong,and the content was only 12.43, 4.57, 1.92, 1.79 mg x g(-1) and 50.04, 32.21, 15.43 microg x g respectively. (3) In Bupleurum, the content of P : K, Zn : Fe, Cu and Mn was significantly different at different habitat, while Mg and Ca showed little difference. In Bupleurum, the content, accumulation and proportion of mineral elements were difference at different habitat.

  12. Mechanism of the Anticoagulant Activity of Thrombin Mutant W215A/E217A

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gandhi, Prafull S.; Page, Michael J.; Chen, Zhiwei; Bush-Pelc, Leslie; Di Cera, Enrico; (WU-MED)

    2009-09-15

    The thrombin mutant W215A/E217A (WE) is a potent anticoagulant both in vitro and in vivo. Previous x-ray structural studies have shown that WE assumes a partially collapsed conformation that is similar to the inactive E* form, which explains its drastically reduced activity toward substrate. Whether this collapsed conformation is genuine, rather than the result of crystal packing or the mutation introduced in the critical 215-217 {beta}-strand, and whether binding of thrombomodulin to exosite I can allosterically shift the E* form to the active E form to restore activity toward protein C are issues of considerable mechanistic importance to improve the design of an anticoagulant thrombin mutant for therapeutic applications. Here we present four crystal structures of WE in the human and murine forms that confirm the collapsed conformation reported previously under different experimental conditions and crystal packing. We also present structures of human and murine WE bound to exosite I with a fragment of the platelet receptor PAR1, which is unable to shift WE to the E form. These structural findings, along with kinetic and calorimetry data, indicate that WE is strongly stabilized in the E* form and explain why binding of ligands to exosite I has only a modest effect on the E*-E equilibrium for this mutant. The E* {yields} E transition requires the combined binding of thrombomodulin and protein C and restores activity of the mutant WE in the anticoagulant pathway.

  13. Self-Partial and Dynamic Reconfiguration Implementation for AES using FPGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zine El Abidine Alaoui Ismaili

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper addresses efficient hardware/software implementation approaches for the AES (Advanced Encryption Standard algorithm and describes the design and performance testing algorithm for embedded system. Also, with the spread of reconfigurable hardware such as FPGAs (Field Programmable Gate Array embedded cryptographic hardware became cost-effective. Nevertheless, it is worthy to note that nowadays, even hardwired cryptographic algorithms are not so safe. From another side, the self-reconfiguring platform is reported that enables an FPGA to dynamically reconfigure itself under the control of an embedded microprocessor. Hardware acceleration significantly increases the performance of embedded systems built on programmable logic. Allowing a FPGA-based MicroBlaze processor to self-select the coprocessors uses can help reduce area requirements and increase a system's versatility. The architecture proposed in this paper is an optimal hardware implementation algorithm and takes dynamic partially reconfigurable of FPGA. This implementation is good solution to preserve confidentiality and accessibility to the information in the numeric communication.

  14. Microwave assisted extraction for trace element analysis of plant materials by ICP-AES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Borkowska-Burnecka, J. [Wroclaw Univ. (Poland). Inst. Chemii

    2000-11-01

    Application of microwave assisted extraction for the decomposition and dissolution of plant samples for trace metal determination by ICP-AES was examined. Dried onion, leaves of spinach beet and three reference materials CTA-OTL-1, CTA-VTL-2 and CL-1 were analyzed. Water, EDTA and hydrochloric acid (0.01, 0.10 and 1.0 M, respectively) were used as leaching solutions. The extraction efficiency was investigated by comparison of the results with those obtained after microwave wet digestion. HCl was found to be very suitable for quantitative extraction of B, Ba, Cd, Cu, Mn, Ni, Pb, Sr and Zn from the samples. For reference materials, the measured concentrations are well consistent with the certified values. The use of EDTA led to a complete extraction of B, Cd, Ni, Pb, Sr and Zn. Water was found to be a good leaching solution for boron. For extraction with HCl and EDTA, the RSD values for the concentrations measured were below 8% for most of the elements. (orig.)

  15. X-ray Study of the Intermediate-Mass Young Stars Herbig Ae/Be Stars

    CERN Document Server

    Hamaguchi, K; Koyama, K; Hamaguchi, Kenji; Yamauchi, Shigeo; Koyama, Katsuji

    2004-01-01

    We present the ASCA results of intermediate-mass pre-main-sequence stars (PMSs), or Herbig Ae/Be stars (HAeBes). Among the 35 ASCA pointed-sources, we detect 11 plausible X-ray counterparts. X-ray luminosities of the detected sources in the 0.5-10 keV band are in the range of log LX ~30-32 ergs s-1, which is systematically higher than those of low-mass PMSs. This fact suggests that the contribution of a possible low-mass companion is not large. Most of the bright sources show significant time variation, particularly, two HAeBes - MWC 297 and TY CrA - exhibit flare-like events with long decay timescales (e-folding time ~ 10-60 ksec). These flare shapes are similar to those of low-mass PMSs. The X-ray spectra are successfully reproduced by an absorbed one or two-temperature thin-thermal plasma model. The temperatures are in the range of kT ~1-5 keV, which are significantly higher than those of main-sequence OB stars (kT < 1 keV). These X-ray properties are not explained by wind driven shocks, but are more li...

  16. Estimation of trace impurities in reactor-grade uranium using ICP-AES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malhotra, R K; Satyanarayana, K

    1999-10-01

    Estimation of impurities in reactor grade uranium is important from the point of view of neutron economy. For chemical separation, ion exchange and solvent extraction techniques have been employed although the latter is generally preferred. Amongst various extractants TBP (tri-n-butyl phosphate), TBP-TOPO (tri-n-octyl phosphine oxide), or TOPO only (in CCl(4), xylene, dodecane) is most often used. New reagents like Cyanex-923 (mixture of 4 tri-alkyl phosphine oxides)/TEHP (tri-ethylhexyl phosphoric acid) are also being used. This communication reports chemical separation of uranium by precipitation using 1,2-diaminocyclohexane NNN'N'-tetra acetic acid (CyDTA)/ammonium hydroxide in presence of 1,10-phenanthroline and estimation of impurities in the filtrate by ICP-AES. Quantitative separation of U, a high spectral interferent in plasma and recovery of impurities have been achieved. Recovery of Cd has been improved by using 1,10-phenanthroline. The method is accurate and precise, offering a relative standard deviation ranging from less than 4% (3.8% for Eu at the 10mug g(-1) level) to 12.9% (for Ce at the 2.5 mug g(-1) level) for all the elements studied.

  17. A Novel Steganographic Scheme Based on Hash Function Coupled With AES Encryption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rinu Tresa M J

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In the present scenario the use of images increased extremely in the cyber world so that we can easily transfer data with the help of these images in a secured way. Image steganography becomes important in this manner. Steganography and cryptography are the two techniques that are often confused with each other. The input and output of steganogra phy looks alike, but for cryptography the output will be in an encrypted form which always draws attraction to the attacker. This paper combines both steganography and cryptography so that attacker doesn’t know about the existence of message and the message itself is encrypted to ensure more security. The textual data entered by the user is encrypted using AES algorithm. After encryption, the encrypted data is stored in the colour image by using a hash based algorithm. Most of the steganographic algorithms available today is suitable for a specific image format and these algorithms suffers from poor quality of the embedded image. The proposed work does not corrupt the images quality in any form. The striking feature is that this algorithm is suitable for almost all image formats e.g.: jpeg/jpg, Bitmap, TIFF and GIF

  18. AN IONIZED OUTFLOW FROM AB AUR, A HERBIG AE STAR WITH A TRANSITIONAL DISK

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodríguez, Luis F.; Zapata, Luis A.; Ortiz-León, Gisela N.; Loinard, Laurent [Centro de Radioastronomía y Astrofísica, UNAM, Apdo. Postal 3-72 (Xangari), 58089 Morelia, Michoacán (Mexico); Dzib, Sergio A. [Max Planck Institut für Radioastronomie, Auf dem Hügel 69, D-53121 Bonn (Germany); Macías, Enrique; Anglada, Guillem, E-mail: l.rodriguez@crya.unam.mx [Instituto de Astrofísica de Andalucía (CSIC), Apartado 3004, E-18080 Granada (Spain)

    2014-09-20

    AB Aur is a Herbig Ae star with a transitional disk. Transitional disks present substantial dust clearing in their inner regions, most probably because of the formation of one or more planets, although other explanations are still viable. In transitional objects, accretion is found to be about an order of magnitude smaller than in classical full disks. Since accretion is believed to be correlated with outflow activity, centimeter free-free jets are expected to be present in association with these systems, at weaker levels than in classical protoplanetary (full) systems. We present new observations of the centimeter radio emission associated with the inner regions of AB Aur and conclude that the morphology, orientation, spectral index, and lack of temporal variability of the centimeter source imply the presence of a collimated, ionized outflow. The radio luminosity of this radio jet is, however, about 20 times smaller than that expected for a classical system of similar bolometric luminosity. We conclude that centimeter continuum emission is present in association with stars with transitional disks, but at levels than are becoming detectable only with the upgraded radio arrays. On the other hand, assuming that the jet velocity is 300 km s{sup –1}, we find that the ratio of mass loss rate to accretion rate in AB Aur is ∼0.1, similar to that found for less evolved systems.

  19. Features of the Matter Flows in the Peculiar Cataclysmic Variable AE Aquarii

    CERN Document Server

    Isakova, P B; Zhilkin, A G; Bisikalo, D V; Beskrovnaya, N G

    2016-01-01

    The structure of plasma flows in close binary systems in which one of the components is a rapidly rotating magnetic white dwarf is studied. The main example considered is the AE Aquarii system; the spin period of the white dwarf is about a factor of 1000 shorter than the orbital period, and the magnetic field on the white dwarf surface is of order of 50 MG. The mass transfer in this system was analyzed via numerical solution of the system of MHD equations. These computations show that the magnetic field of the white dwarf does not significantly influence the velocity field of the material in its Roche lobe in the case of laminar flow regime, so that the field does not hinder the formation of a transient disk (ring) surrounding the magnetosphere. However, the efficiency of the energy and angular momentum exchange between the white dwarf and the surrounding material increases considerably with the development of turbulent motions in the matter, resulting in its acceleration at the magnetospheric boundary and fu...

  20. Magnetism and binarity of the Herbig Ae star V380 Ori

    CERN Document Server

    Alecian, E; Catala, C; Bagnulo, S; Böhm, T; Bouret, J -C; Donati, J -F; Folsom, C P; Grunhut, J; Landstreet, J D

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we report the results of high-resolution circular spectropolarimetric monitoring of the Herbig Ae star V380 Ori, in which we discovered a magnetic field in 2005. A careful study of the intensity spectrum reveals the presence of a cool spectroscopic companion. By modelling the binary spectrum we infer the effective temperature of both stars: $10500\\pm 500$ K for the primary, and $5500\\pm500$ K for the secondary, and we argue that the high metallicity ($[M/H] = 0.5$), required to fit the lines may imply that the primary is a chemically peculiar star. We observe that the radial velocity of the secondary's lines varies with time, while that of the the primary does not. By fitting these variations we derive the orbital parameters of the system. We find an orbital period of $104\\pm5$ d, and a mass ratio ($M_{\\rm P}/M_{\\rm S}$) larger than 2.9. The intensity spectrum is heavily contaminated with strong, broad and variable emission. A simple analysis of these lines reveals that a disk might surround the...

  1. Ionization of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Molecules around the Herbig Ae/be ENVIRONMENT*

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakon, Itsuki; Onaka, Takashi; Okamoto, Yoshiko K.; Kataza, Hirokazu; Kaneda, Hidehiro; Honda, Mitsuhiko

    We present the results of mid-infrared N-band spectroscopy of the Herbig Ae/Be system MWC1080 using the Cooled Mid-Infrared Camera and Spectrometer (COMICS) on board the 8 m Subaru Telescope. The MWC1080 has a geometry such that the diffuse nebulous structures surround the central Herbig B0 type star. We focus on the properties of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and PAH-like species, which are thought to be the carriers of the unidentified infrared (UIR) bands in such environments. A series of UIR bands at 8.6, 11.0, 11.2, and 12.7 μm is detected throughout the system and we find a clear increase in the UIR 11.0 μm/11.2 μm ratio in the vicinity of the central star. Since the UIR 11.0 μm feature is attributed to a solo-CH out-of-plane wagging mode of cationic PAHs while the UIR 11.2 μm feature to a solo-CH out-of-plane bending mode of neutral PAHs, the large 11.0 μm/11.2 μm ratio directly indicates a promotion of the ionization of PAHs near the central star.

  2. Ionization of Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbon Molecules around the Herbig Ae/Be Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakon, Itsuki; Onaka, Takashi; Okamoto, Yoshiko K.; Kataza, Hirokazu; Kaneda, Hidehiro; Honda, Mitsuhiko

    We present the results of mid-infrared N-band spectroscopy of the Herbig Ae/Be system MWC1080 using the Cooled Mid-Infrared Camera and Spectrometer (COMICS) on board the 8 m Subaru Telescope. The MWC1080 has a geometry such that the diffuse nebulous structures surround the central Herbig B0 type star. We focus on the properties of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) and PAH-like species, which are thought to be the carriers of the unidentified infrared (UIR) bands in such environments. A series of UIR bands at 8.6, 11.0, 11.2, and 12.7 μm is detected throughout the system and we find a clear increase in the UIR 11.0 μm/11.2 μm ratio in the vicinity of the central star. Since the UIR 11.0 μm feature is attributed to a solo-CH out-of-plane wagging mode of cationic PAHs while the UIR 11.2 μm feature to a solo-CH out-of-plane bending mode of neutral PAHs, the large 11.0 μm/11.2 μm ratio directly indicates a promotion of the ionization of PAHs near the central star.

  3. Near-infrared interferometric observation of the Herbig Ae star HD144432 with VLTI/AMBER

    CERN Document Server

    Chen, Lei; Wang, Yang; Weigelt, Gerd; Hofmann, Karl-Heinz; Kraus, Stefan; Schertl, Dieter; Lagarde, Stephane; Natta, Antonella; Petrov, Roman; Robbe-Dubois, Sylvie; Tatulli, Eric

    2012-01-01

    We study the sub-AU-scale circumstellar environment of the Herbig Ae star HD144432 with near-infrared (NIR) VLTI/AMBER observations to investigate the structure of its inner dust disk. The interferometric observations were carried out with the AMBER instrument in the H and K band. We interpret the measured H- and K-band visibilities, the near- and mid-infrared visibilities from the literature, and the SED of HD144432 by using geometric ring models and ring-shaped temperature-gradient disk models with power-law temperature distributions. We derived a K-band ring-fit radius of 0.17 \\pm 0.01 AU and an H-band radius of 0.18 \\pm 0.01 AU (for a distance of 145 pc). This measured K-band radius of \\sim0.17 AU lies in the range between the dust sublimation radius of \\sim0.13 AU (predicted for a dust sublimation temperature of 1500 K and gray dust) and the prediction of models including backwarming (\\sim0.27 AU). We found that an additional extended halo component is required in both the geometric and temperature-gradi...

  4. Flaring vs. self-shadowed disks: the SEDs of Herbig Ae/Be stars

    CERN Document Server

    Dullemond, C P

    2004-01-01

    Isolated Herbig Ae stars can be divided into two groups (Meeus et al. 2001): those with an almost flat spectral energy distribution in the mid-infrared (`group I'), and those with a strong decline towards the far-infrared (`group II'). In this paper we show that the group I vs. II distinction can be understood as arising from flaring vs. self-shadowed disks. We show that these two types of disks are natural solutions of the 2-D radiation-hydrostatic structure equations. Disks with high optical depth turn out to be flaring and have a strong far-IR emission, while disks with an optical depth below a certain threshold drop into the shadow of their own puffed-up inner rim and are weak in the far-IR. In spite of not having a directly irradiated surface layer, self-shadowed disks still display dust features in emission, in agreement with observations of group II sources. We propose an evolutionary scenario in which a disk starts out with a flaring shape (group I source), and then goes through the process of grain g...

  5. Constraining the wind launching region in Herbig Ae stars: AMBER/VLTI spectroscopy of HD104237

    CERN Document Server

    Tatulli, E; Natta, A; Testi, L

    2006-01-01

    We investigate the origin of the $\\mathrm{Br}\\gamma$ emission of the Herbig Ae star HD104237 on Astronomical Unit (AU) scales. Using AMBER/VLTI at a spectral resolution R=1500 spatially resolve the emission in both the BrGamma line and the adjacent continuum. The visibility does not vary between the continuum and the BrGamma line, even though the line is strongly detected in the spectrum, with a peak intensity 35% above the continuum. This demonstrates that the line and continuum emission have similar size scales. We assume that the K-band continuum excess originates in a ``puffed-up'' inner rim of the circumstellar disk, and discuss the likely origin of BrGamma. We conclude that this emission most likely arises from a compact disk wind, launched from a region 0.2-0.5 AU from the star, with a spatial extent similar to that of the near infrared continuum emission region, i.e, very close to the inner rim location.

  6. New Methods of AES Key Expansion%AES密钥扩展新方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨小东; 王毅

    2012-01-01

    在分析原有的AES算法密钥生成改进方法所存在的不足的基础上,根据单向性思想提出了几种新的AES密钥扩展算法,从加密强度和运行速度两方面对原有方法进行了改善.通过分析以及实验数据表明,该方法既保证了密钥扩展算法的安全性,又提高了其运行的效率.%In this paper,based on the analysis of the shortcomings of the original key expansion method,some new methods for the key expansion algorithm of AES encryption algorithm are proposed according to the one-way property,which improved the original method in two aspects-encryption strength and running speed.Analysis and experimental data illustrated that the proposed methods not only guaranteed the security of the original algorithm but also improved its efficiency.

  7. Temporal Patterns of Abundance of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) and Mitochondrial DNA Analysis of Ae. albopictus in the Central African Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamgang, Basile; Ngoagouni, Carine; Manirakiza, Alexandre; Nakouné, Emmanuel; Paupy, Christophe; Kazanji, Mirdad

    2013-01-01

    The invasive Asian tiger mosquito Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae) was first reported in central Africa in 2000, in Cameroon, with the indigenous mosquito species Ae. aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae). Today, this invasive species is present in almost all countries of the region, including the Central African Republic (CAR), where it was first recorded in 2009. As invasive species of mosquitoes can affect the distribution of native species, resulting in new patterns of vectors and concomitant risk for disease, we undertook a comparative study early and late in the wet season in the capital and the main cities of CAR to document infestation and the ecological preferences of the two species. In addition, we determined the probable geographical origin of invasive populations of Ae. albopictus with two mitochondrial DNA genes, COI and ND5. Analysis revealed that Ae. aegypti was more abundant earlier in the wet season and Ae. albopictus in the late wet season. Used tyres were the most heavily colonized productive larval habitats for both species in both seasons. The invasive species Ae. albopictus predominated over the resident species at all sites in which the two species were sympatric. Mitochondrial DNA analysis revealed broad low genetic diversity, confirming recent introduction of Ae. albopictus in CAR. Phylogeographical analysis based on COI polymorphism indicated that the Ae. albopictus haplotype in the CAR population segregated into two lineages, suggesting multiple sources of Ae. albopictus. These data may have important implications for vector control strategies in central Africa. PMID:24349596

  8. Temporal patterns of abundance of Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae and mitochondrial DNA analysis of Ae. albopictus in the Central African Republic.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Basile Kamgang

    Full Text Available The invasive Asian tiger mosquito Aedes albopictus (Diptera: Culicidae was first reported in central Africa in 2000, in Cameroon, with the indigenous mosquito species Ae. aegypti (Diptera: Culicidae. Today, this invasive species is present in almost all countries of the region, including the Central African Republic (CAR, where it was first recorded in 2009. As invasive species of mosquitoes can affect the distribution of native species, resulting in new patterns of vectors and concomitant risk for disease, we undertook a comparative study early and late in the wet season in the capital and the main cities of CAR to document infestation and the ecological preferences of the two species. In addition, we determined the probable geographical origin of invasive populations of Ae. albopictus with two mitochondrial DNA genes, COI and ND5. Analysis revealed that Ae. aegypti was more abundant earlier in the wet season and Ae. albopictus in the late wet season. Used tyres were the most heavily colonized productive larval habitats for both species in both seasons. The invasive species Ae. albopictus predominated over the resident species at all sites in which the two species were sympatric. Mitochondrial DNA analysis revealed broad low genetic diversity, confirming recent introduction of Ae. albopictus in CAR. Phylogeographical analysis based on COI polymorphism indicated that the Ae. albopictus haplotype in the CAR population segregated into two lineages, suggesting multiple sources of Ae. albopictus. These data may have important implications for vector control strategies in central Africa.

  9. Global dispersal pattern of HIV type 1 subtype CRF01-AE : A genetic trace of human mobility related to heterosexual sexual activities centralized in southeast Asia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Angelis, Konstantinos; Albert, Jan; Mamais, Ioannis; Magiorkinis, Gkikas; Hatzakis, Angelos; Hamouda, Osamah; Struck, Daniel; Vercauteren, Jurgen; Wensing, Annemarie M J; Alexiev, Ivailo; Åsjö, Birgitta; Balotta, Claudia; Camacho, Ricardo J.; Coughlan, Suzie; Griskevicius, Algirdas; Grossman, Zehava; Horban, Andrzej; Kostrikis, Leondios G.; Lepej, Snjezana; Liitsola, Kirsi; Linka, Marek; Nielsen, Claus; Otelea, Dan; Paredes, Roger; Poljak, Mario; Puchhammer-Stöckl, Elisabeth; Schmit, Jean Claude; Sönnerborg, Anders; Staneková, Danica; Stanojevic, Maja; Boucher, Charles A B; Kaplan, Lauren; Vandamme, Anne Mieke; Paraskevis, Dimitrios

    2015-01-01

    Background. Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) subtype CRF01-AE originated in Africa and then passed to Thailand, where it established a major epidemic. Despite the global presence of CRF01-AE, little is known about its subsequent dispersal pattern. Methods. We assembled a global data set

  10. Amerikanskaja vneshnjaja politika posle Iraka / Joseph S. Nye ; tõlk. Nikolai Zhdanovitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nye, Joseph S.

    2007-01-01

    Kitsaskohtadest USA sise- ja välispoliitikas, millele on tähelepanu juhtinud Iraagi sõda, 2008. aasta presidendivalimistest, kodanikuühiskonna ja demokraatia edasisest arengust Ameerika Ühendriikides

  11. POSlTlVE SOLUTl0NS 0F A FOURTH 0RDER BOUNDARY VALUE PROBLEM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    RenLishun

    2003-01-01

    The existence of positive solutions of the nonlinear fourth order problem u(4)(x)=λα(x)f(u(x)),u(0)=u′(0)=u′(1)=um(1)=0 is studied,where a:[0,1]→R may change sign,f(0)>0,λ>0 is sufficiently small.Our approach is based on the Leray-Schauder fixed point theorem.

  12. Amerikanskaja vneshnjaja politika posle Iraka / Joseph S. Nye ; tõlk. Nikolai Zhdanovitsh

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nye, Joseph S.

    2007-01-01

    Kitsaskohtadest USA sise- ja välispoliitikas, millele on tähelepanu juhtinud Iraagi sõda, 2008. aasta presidendivalimistest, kodanikuühiskonna ja demokraatia edasisest arengust Ameerika Ühendriikides

  13. Genetic characterization of three CRF01_AE full-length HIV type 1 sequences from Fujian Province, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Hai-long; YAN Yan-sheng; YAN Ping-ping; ZHENG Jian; WU Shou-li; CHENG Ge; LIN Xun; ZHENG Wu-xiong; XIE Mei-rong; ZHANG Jian-ming

    2006-01-01

    Background One of the major characteristics of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) is its unusually high degree of genetic variability, which involves in genetic diagnosis, subtyping, vaccine design, and epidemiology. HIV-1 CRF01_AE is a main prevalent HIV-1 recombinant strain in China. In this study, three full-length CRF01_AE genomes from Fujian Province, China were cloned, sequenced, and analyzed; and the further genetic diversity defining and epidemiologic analysis were carried out.Methods Proviral DNA was extracted from non-cultured peripheral blood mononuclear cells, the near full-length HIV-1 genome was amplified and the PCR products were cloned into Pcr-XL-TOPO vector and sequenced. 5'-long terminal repeat (LTR) and 3'-LTRs were amplified by additional independent PCR and cloned into Pmd18t vector. Gene-based phylogenic tree was constructed and genetic distances were calculated by MEGA 3.1. Simplot was used for Bootscan analysis.Results The phylogeny and genetic distance analysis of the three near full-length sequences confirmed that these three samples clustered with CRF01_AE isolates, more close to Thailand CRF01_AE strain CM240, and were distantly related to African CRF01_AE strain 90CF402. Analysis of their genomic organization revealed the presence of nine potential open reading frames. There were no major deletions, rearrangements, or insertions in the three sequences, but an in-frame stop codon was found in tat gene of Fj051. LTRs of the three sequences contained a few nucleotides mutation. We did not find new mosaic recombinant in the three sequences. The V3 motif was GPGQ in all the three sequences, and there were only few amino acids differences in all three V3 loop sequences.Conclusion This report reveals the background of the three full-length CRF01_AE genomes, the most dominantly circulating HIV-1 strain in Fujian Province, China. The work is essential for the design and development of an effective AIDS vaccine for the region.

  14. Composting: a solution for reduction of environmental impacts caused by waste disposal pruning of AES Eletropaulo concession area; Compostagem: a solucao para diminuicao dos impactos ambientais causados pela destinacao dos residuos de poda da area de concessao da AES Eletropaulo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cortez, C.L.; Coelho, S.T.; Grisoli, R.P.S.; Gavioli, F.; Gobatto, D. [Centro Nacional de Referencia em Biomassa (CENBIO), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil); Carmelo, S. [AES Eletropaulo, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2008-07-01

    Considering environmental issues, the increasing production of solid residues is important due to scarcity of methods and solution for their management. This article presents a project that aims to research the impacts caused by residues of urban pruning generated by the AES Eletropaulo Energy Distribution Company, and also to develop the standardization of this residues composting, finalizing the management of this operation. The obtained results refer to the research done in the areas under AES concession, regarding the collection and the destination of these residues. It has been observed that 50% of the municipalities dispose their residues in dumps or sanitary landfills, while only 8% compost them. Based on environmental and social responsibility concepts, it is expected that the conclusion of this work can assist the civil, public and private sectors to contribute to the sustainable development. (author)

  15. UV spectral variability in the Herbig Ae star HR 5999. 11: The accretion interpretation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perez, M. R.; Grady, C. A.; The, P. S.

    1993-01-01

    We report recent IUE high- and low-dispersion observations with the IUE long wavelength camera (LWP) and short wavelength camera (SWP) of the Herbig Ae star HR 5999. We have found a dramatic change in the structure of the Mg II h and k lines (2795.5, 2802.7 A) along with some continuum flux excesses especially at the short end of the SWP camera. LWP high dispersion observations of HR 5999 obtained between 1979 and 1990, at times of comparatively low UV continuum fluxes, exhibit P Cygni type m profiles in the Mg II resonance doublet. In contrast, observations made from September 1990 through March 16-18, 1992, with high W continuum fluxes, present Mg II lines with reverse P Cygni profiles indicative of some active episodic accretion. Accreting gas can also be detected in the additional red wings of the various Fe II and Mn II absorption lines, with velocities up to +300-350 km/s (September 1990). By September 10, 1992 the Mg II profile had returned to the type III P Cygni profile similar to those from earlier spectra. The correlation between the presence of large column densities of accreting gas and the continuum light variations supports suggestions by several authors that HR 5999 is surrounded by an optically thick, viscously heated accretion disk. Detection of accreting gas in the line of sight to HR 5999 permits us to place constraints on our viewing geometry for this system. A discussion is included comparing the spectral and physical similarities between HR 5999 and the more evolved proto-planetary candidate system, beta Pictoris.

  16. Morphological characterization and AES depth profile analysis of CuInS{sub 2} thin films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Calderon, C.; Oyola, J.S.; Gordillo, G. [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogota (Colombia); Bartolo-Perez, P. [Departamento de Fisica Aplicada, CINVESTAV-IPN, Merida, Yucatan (Mexico); Clavijo, J. [Departamento de Quimica, Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogota (Colombia)

    2010-01-15

    This work presents results regarding the influence of preparation conditions on the morphological properties and on the chemical composition homogeneity of CuInS{sub 2} (CIS) thin films, grown by a chemical reaction of the precursor species evaporated sequentially on a soda-lime glass substrate, in a two- or three-stage process. The CIS samples were characterized using atomic force microscopy (AFM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) depth profile measurements. The results showed that the deposition process and the ratio (evaporated Cu/evaporated In) affect the homogeneity of the chemical composition of the CIS film as well as the grain size. It was found that the samples grown in two stages are inhomogeneous in chemical composition and also Cu-rich near the film surface, probably due to the formation of a secondary Cu{sub 2}S phase in the surface region. The results also revealed that adding a third step in the deposition process improved the homogeneity in the chemical composition of CIS films and helped to remove the Cu{sub 2}S surface layer. The chemical composition of the samples deposited in a three-stage process is homogeneous in the whole volume, whereas the chemical composition in the bulk of samples deposited in a two-stage process is significantly different to that measured in the surface region. CIS films with characteristics found for the former case have demonstrated good properties for its use as absorber layers in thin film solar cells. (author)

  17. Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Protoplanetary Disks around Herbig Ae/Be and T Tauri Stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seok, Ji Yeon; Li, Aigen

    2017-02-01

    A distinct set of broad emission features at 3.3, 6.2, 7.7, 8.6, 11.3, and 12.7 μm, is often detected in protoplanetary disks (PPDs). These features are commonly attributed to polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs). We model these emission features in the infrared spectra of 69 PPDs around 14 T Tauri and 55 Herbig Ae/Be stars in terms of astronomical PAHs. For each PPD, we derive the size distribution and the charge state of the PAHs. We then examine the correlations of the PAH properties (i.e., sizes and ionization fractions) with the stellar properties (e.g., stellar effective temperature, luminosity, and mass). We find that the characteristic size of the PAHs tends to correlate with the stellar effective temperature ({T}{eff}) and interpret this as the preferential photodissociation of small PAHs in systems with higher {T}{eff} of which the stellar photons are more energetic. In addition, the PAH size shows a moderate correlation with the red-ward wavelength shift of the 7.7 μm PAH feature that is commonly observed in disks around cool stars. The ionization fraction of PAHs does not seem to correlate with any stellar parameters. This is because the charging of PAHs depends on not only the stellar properties (e.g., {T}{eff}, luminosity) but also their spatial distribution in the disks. The marginally negative correlation between PAH size and stellar age suggests that continuous replenishment of PAHs via the outgassing of cometary bodies and/or the collisional grinding of planetesimals and asteroids is required to maintain the abundance of small PAHs against complete destruction by photodissociation.

  18. Photometric and Polarimetric Activity of the Herbig Ae Star VX Cas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shakhovskoi, D. N.; Rostopchina, A. N.; Grinin, V. P.; Minikulov, N. Kh.

    2003-04-01

    We present the results of our simultaneous photometric and polarimetric observations of the Herbig Ae/Be star VX Cas acquired in 1987 2001. The star belongs to the UX Ori subtype of young variable stars and exhibits a rather low level of photometric activity: only six Algol-like minima with amplitudes ΔV>1m were recorded in 15 years of observations. Two of these minima, in 1998 and 2001, were the deepest in the history of the star’s photometric studies, with V amplitudes of about 2m. In each case, the dimming was accompanied by an increase in the linear polarization in agreement with the law expected for variable circumstellar extinction. The highest V polarization was about 5%. Observations of VX Cas in the deep minima revealed a turnover of the color tracks, typical of stars of this type and due to an increased contribution from radiation scattered in the circumstellar disk. We separated the observed polarization of VX Cas into interstellar (P is) and intrinsic (P in) components. Their position angles differ by approximately 60°, with P is dominating in the bright state and P in dominating during the deep minima. The competition of these two polarization components leads to changes in both the degree and position angle of the polarization during the star’s brightness variations. Generally speaking, in terms of the behavior of the brightness, color indices, and linear polarization, VX Cas is similar to other UX Ori stars studied by us earlier. A number of episodes of photometric and polarimetric activity suggest that, in their motion along highly eccentric orbits, circumstellar gas and dust clouds can enter the close vicinity of the star (and be disrupted there).

  19. [Analysis of twenty trace elements in ling zhi by ICP-AES].

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Jin-zhe; Kui, Xiao-yun; Yang, Kai; Shao, Pin; Sun, Pei-long

    2009-05-01

    Twenty trace elements, Al, As, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Ge, Hg, K, Mg, Mn, Na, Ni, P, Pb, S, Se and Zn were determined by ICP--AES with wet digestion from two kinds of different ling zhi fruitbody materials (Zhongzhi and Xianyuan), Ling Zhi root, ling zhi mixture, unbroken and broken ling zhi spore powder. The common feature about the element content showed that there were rich trace elements in different Ling Zhi materials, and the concentrations of K, Ca, Mg, Fe, Zn, P and S in all kinds of ling zhi samples were relatively high. Besides, there were trace elements, Cu, Co, Grand Ni, and potentially physiologically toxic elements, Al, As, Hg, Pb and Cd, in all samples. Elements Se and Ge with anticancer efficacy were not found in ling zhi samples. The concentrations of heavy metal elements were lower in spore powders than in other ling zhi samples. Trace element contents in the broken and unbroken spore powders showed minor difference, The concentrations of Fe and Se in ling zhi mixtures were obviously higher than in other kinds of Ling Zhi samples, due to factitious addition of these elements to Ling Zhi mixture sample. There was some difference between two kinds of Ling Zhi fruitbody from deferent plant places, which may have some relations with the soil and environment. The concentrations of Ca, Cu and Zn in ling zhi root were higher than in other ling zhi materials. According to the analyses, these elements in ling zhi were helpful to improving cardiovascular function.

  20. The GPA-dependent, spherostomatocytosis mutant AE1 E758K induces GPA-independent, endogenous cation transport in amphibian oocytes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stewart, Andrew K; Vandorpe, David H; Heneghan, John F; Chebib, Fouad; Stolpe, Kathleen; Akhavein, Arash; Edelman, E Jennifer; Maksimova, Yelena; Gallagher, Patrick G; Alper, Seth L

    2010-02-01

    The previously undescribed heterozygous missense mutation E758K was discovered in the human AE1/SLC4A1/band 3 gene in two unrelated patients with well-compensated hereditary spherostomatocytic anemia (HSt). Oocyte surface expression of AE1 E758K, in contrast to that of wild-type AE1, required coexpressed glycophorin A (GPA). The mutant polypeptide exhibited, in parallel, strong GPA dependence of DIDS-sensitive (36)Cl(-) influx, trans-anion-dependent (36)Cl(-) efflux, and Cl(-)/HCO(3)(-) exchange activities at near wild-type levels. AE1 E758K expression was also associated with GPA-dependent increases of DIDS-sensitive pH-independent SO(4)(2-) uptake and oxalate uptake with altered pH dependence. In marked contrast, the bumetanide- and ouabain-insensitive (86)Rb(+) influx associated with AE1 E758K expression was largely GPA-independent in Xenopus oocytes and completely GPA-independent in Ambystoma oocytes. AE1 E758K-associated currents in Xenopus oocytes also exhibited little or no GPA dependence. (86)Rb(+) influx was higher but inward cation current was lower in oocytes expressing AE1 E758K than previously reported in oocytes expressing the AE1 HSt mutants S731P and H734R. The pharmacological inhibition profile of AE1 E758K-associated (36)Cl(-) influx differed from that of AE1 E758K-associated (86)Rb(+) influx, as well as from that of wild-type AE1-mediated Cl(-) transport. Thus AE1 E758K-expressing oocytes displayed GPA-dependent surface polypeptide expression and anion transport, accompanied by substantially GPA-independent, pharmacologically distinct Rb(+) flux and by small, GPA-independent currents. The data strongly suggest that most of the increased cation transport associated with the novel HSt mutant AE1 E758K reflects activation of endogenous oocyte cation permeability pathways, rather than cation translocation through the mutant polypeptide.

  1. Relationship between FAC at plasma sheet boundary layers and AE index during storms from August to October,2001

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DUNLOP; M

    2008-01-01

    Unlike the previous single (dual) satellite observation, the four ClusterII satellites make it possible to directly compute the continuous field-aligned current (FAC) density according to the magnetic data from them and to enable the investigation of the relationship between the FAC and geomagnetic activity. This paper analyzes the observation data when the Cluster satellites crossed the plasma sheet bound- ary layer (PSBL) in the magnetotail during the two magnetic storms in August to October 2001. According to the data, during the magnetic storms the relationship between the variations of FAC and AE index turned out to be: 1) FAC was obviously increasing during the storms; 2) FAC density was approximately negatively corre- lated with AE index from the sudden commencement to the early main phase of the storm; 3) they were approximately positively correlated during the late main phase and early recovery phase; 4) they were no apparent correlation during the late re- covery phase.

  2. Comparison of Artificial Neural Networks with Partial Least Squares Regression for Simultaneous Determinations by ICP-AES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    KHAYATZADEH MAHANI Mohamad; CHALOOSI Marzieh; GHANADI MARAGHEH Mohamad; KHANCHI Ali Reza; AFZALI Dariush

    2007-01-01

    Simultaneous determination of several elements (U, Ta, Mn, Zr and W) with inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) in the presence of spectral interference was performed using chemometrics methods. True comparison between artificial neural network (ANN) and partial least squares regression (PLS) for simultaneous determination in different degrees of overlap was investigated. The emission spectra were recorded at uranium analytical line (263.553 nm) with a 0.06 nm spectral window by ICP-AES. Principal component analysis was applied to data and scores on 5 dominant principal components were subjected to ANN. A 5-5-5 (input, hidden and output neurons) network was used with linear transfer function after both hidden and output layers. The PLS model was trained with five latent variables and 20 samples in calibration set. The relative errors of predictions (REP) in test set were 3.75% and 3.56% for ANN and PLS respectively.

  3. Study of the adsorption behavior of heavy metal ions on nanometer-size titanium dioxide with ICP-AES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liang Pei; Qin Yongchao; Hu Bin; Li Chunxiang; Peng Tianyou; Jiang Zucheng [Wuhan Univ., HB (China). Dept. of Chemistry

    2000-11-01

    A new method using nanoparticle TiO{sub 2} as solid-phase extractant coupled with ICP-AES was proposed for simultaneous determination of trace elements. The adsorption behavior of nanometer TiO{sub 2} towards Cu, Cr, Mn and Ni was investigated by ICP-AES, and the adsorption pH curves, adsorption isotherms and adsorption capacities were obtained. It was found that the adsorption rates of the metal ions studied were more than 90% in pH 8.0{proportional_to}9.0, and 2.0 mol L{sup -1} HCl was sufficient for complete elution. Nanometer TiO{sub 2} possesses a significant capacity for the sorption of the metal ions studied which is higher than the capacity of silica, the commonly used extractant. The method has been applied to the analysis of some environmental samples with satisfactory results. (orig.)

  4. Removal of Fe3+ and Zn2+ from plasma metalloproteins by iron chelating therapeutics depicted with SEC-ICP-AES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sooriyaarachchi, Melani; Gailer, Jürgen

    2010-08-28

    The iron chelation therapy drugs desferrioxamine B (DFO) and deferiprone (DFP) are used to treat iron overload patients, but not much is known about their adverse effects on other essential metals in vivo. After the addition of a clinically relevant dose of DFP or an equimolar dose of DFO to human plasma in vitro, the mixtures were analyzed by size exclusion chromatography (SEC) coupled to an inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometer (ICP-AES). Simultaneous detection of the emission lines of copper, iron and zinc allowed the visualization of changes that these drugs exerted at the metalloprotein level. After the addition of DFP, a metalloprotein level. Thus, SEC-ICP-AES emerges as a useful analytical tool to visualize health-relevant bioinorganic chemistry-related reactions of medicinal drugs in blood plasma in vitro.

  5. Development and data analysis of a position detector for AE$\\bar{g}$IS (Antimatter Experiment: Gravity, Interferometry, Spectroscopy)

    CERN Document Server

    Gligorova, Angela; Doser, Michael; Pacifico, Nicola

    2015-03-13

    AE$\\mathrm{\\bar{g}}$IS (Antimatter Experiment: Gravity, Interferometry, Spectroscopy) is an antimatter experiment based at CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research, whose goal is to carry out the first direct measurement of the Earth’s gravitational acceleration on antimatter. The outcome of such measurement would be the first precision test of the Weak Equivalence Principle in a completely new area. According to WEP, all bodies fall with the same acceleration regardless of their mass and composition. AE$\\mathrm{\\bar{g}}$IS will attempt to achieve its aim by measuring the gravitational acceleration ($\\bar{g}$) for antihydrogen with 1$\\%$ relative precision. The first step towards the final goal is the formation of a pulsed, cold antihydrogen beam, which will be performed by a charge exchange reaction between laser excited (Rydberg) positronium and cold (100 mK) antiprotons. The antihydrogen atoms will be accelerated by an inhomogeneous electric field (Stark acceleration) to form a beam whose fr...

  6. Comparative Analysis of Continuous Acoustic Emission (AE) Data, Acquired from 12 and 16 Bit Streaming Systems during Rock Deformation Experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flynn, J.; Goodfellow, S. D.; Nasseri, M. H.; Reyes-Montes, J. M.; Young, R.

    2013-12-01

    A comparative analysis of continuous acoustic emission (AE) data acquired during a triaxial compression test, using a 12-bit and a 16-bit acquisition system, is presented. A cylindrical sample (diameter 50.1 mm and length 125 mm) of Berea sandstone was triaxally deformed at a confining pressure of 15 MPa and a strain rate of 1.6E-06 s-1. The sample was loaded differentially until failure occurred at approximately σ1 = 160 MPa. AE activity was monitored for the duration of the experiment by an array of 8 broadband piezoelectric transducers coupled to the rock sample. Raw signals were amplified by 40 dB using pre-amplifiers equipped with filter modules with a frequency passband of 100 kHz to 1 MHz. The amplifiers had a split output enabling the measured signal to be fed into a 12-bit and a 16-bit acquisition system. AE waveforms were continuously recorded at 10 MS/s on 8 data acquisition channels per system. Approximately 4,500 events were harvested and source located from the continuous data for each system. P-wave arrivals were automatically picked and event locations calculated using the downhill Simplex method and a time-varying transverse isotropic velocity model based on periodical surveys across the sample. Events detected on the 12-bit and 16-bit systems were compared both in terms of their P-wave picks and their source locations. In the early stages of AE activity, there appeared to be little difference between P-wave picks and hypocenter locations from both data sets. As the experiment progressed into the post-peak stress regime, which was accompanied by an increase in AE rate and amplitude, fewer events could be harvested from the 12-bit data compared to the 16-bit data. This is linked to the observation of a higher signal-to-noise ratio on AE waveforms harvested from the 16-bit stream compared to those from the 12-bit stream, which results in an easier identification of P-wave onsets. Similarly a higher confidence in source location is expected. Analysis

  7. Net positive charge of HIV-1 CRF01_AE V3 sequence regulates viral sensitivity to humoral immunity.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Satoshi Naganawa

    Full Text Available The third variable region (V3 of the human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1 envelope gp120 subunit participates in determination of viral infection coreceptor tropism and host humoral immune responses. Positive charge of the V3 plays a key role in determining viral coreceptor tropism. Here, we examined by bioinformatics, experimental, and protein modelling approaches whether the net positive charge of V3 sequence regulates viral sensitivity to humoral immunity. We chose HIV-1 CRF01_AE strain as a model virus to address the question. Diversity analyses using CRF01_AE V3 sequences from 37 countries during 1984 and 2005 (n = 1361 revealed that reduction in the V3's net positive charge makes V3 less variable due to limited positive selection. Consistently, neutralization assay using CRF01_AE V3 recombinant viruses (n = 30 showed that the reduction in the V3's net positive charge rendered HIV-1 less sensitive to neutralization by the blood anti-V3 antibodies. The especially neutralization resistant V3 sequences were the particular subset of the CCR5-tropic V3 sequences with net positive charges of +2 to +4. Molecular dynamics simulation of the gp120 monomers showed that the V3's net positive charge regulates the V3 configuration. This and reported gp120 structural data predict a less-exposed V3 with a reduced net positive charge in the native gp120 trimer context. Taken together, these data suggest a key role of the V3's net positive charge in the immunological escape and coreceptor tropism evolution of HIV-1 CRF01_AE in vivo. The findings have molecular implications for the adaptive evolution and vaccine design of HIV-1.

  8. Disk Wind in the Radiation of Two Herbig Ae/Be Stars: MWC 480 and IL Cep

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grinin, V.; Tambovtseva, L.; Potravnov, I.; Mkrtichian, D.

    2017-02-01

    Using non-LTE modeling for different components of the curcumstellar environment in Herbig AeBe stars, we reproduced hydrogen emission lines, such as Hα and Hβ, and determined geometrical and physical parameters of the line emitting regions. Two Herbig stars (MWC 480 and IL Cep) have been considered. The modeling shows that the disk wind or X-wind are the main contributors to the radiation of the lines of the Balmer series compared to the magnetospheric accreting region.

  9. Hydride and ethylated species generation from ordered media: application to the enhanced ICP-AES determination of bismuth

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Villanueva Tagle, M.; Fernandez de la Campa, M.R.; Sanz-Medel, A. [Department of Physical and Analytical Chemistry, University of Oviedo, Oviedo (Spain)

    1996-11-01

    Earlier work to enhance the efficiency of volatile species generation for atomic spectrometry has demonstrated that organised media, micelles and vesicles, offer a new chemical microenvironment able to improve the thermodynamics and/or kinetics of volatile species generation (hydrides and alkyl compounds). Detection limit can be further improved in this way for ICP-AES detection. In this line the characteristics of volatile species generation of Bi, Ge and In in micellar and vesicular media are studies and critically compared with those obtained in the absence of organized media, Both NaBH{sub 4} and NaBEt{sub 4} reagents for volatile species production have been tested. Bismuth determination was clearly improved by using cationic sufactants, both with NaBH{sub 4} and NaBEt{sub 4} as reducing agents. Thus, the determination of Bi enhanced by either NaBH{sub 4} or NaBEt{sub 4} in organized media with ICP-AES for final specific detection, is described in detail. Bismuth hydride generated from Triton X-100 allowed decrease of detection limits of Bi by ICP-AES from 4 to 1 ng ml``-1. The calibration graphs were linear up to 200 ng ml``-1, with RDS of 1% at 60 ng ml``-1 level. Improved tolerance to interfering elements in organized media, as compared to more conventional hydride generation, was observed. Bi ethylation using NaBEt{sub 4} provided volatile species generation-ICP-AEs detection of the metal characterized by a detection limit of 2 ng ml``-1 eventually attained for Bi. The calibration graphs were linear up to 200 ng ml``-1 with a RDS of 2% at 60 ng ml``-1 level. Effects of addition of different organised media to improve volatile Bi species generation with the ethylation agent NaBEt{sub 4} are reported for the first time. (Author) 29 refs.

  10. SCATHA/SC3 Data Processing and Cross-Calibration with LANL-GEO/CPA for AE9 Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-02-18

    AFRL-RV-PS- AFRL-RV-PS- TR-2014-0015 TR-2014-0015 SCATHA/SC3 DATA PROCESSING AND CROSS- CALIBRATION WITH LANL -GEO/CPA FOR AE9 DEVELOPMENT Yi...SIGNATURE PAGE Using Government drawings, specifications, or other data included in this document for any purpose other than Government procurement does...for public release; distribution is unlimited. REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE Form Approved OMB No. 0704-0188 Public reporting burden for this

  11. Bacterial interference with host epithelial junctional complexes: Probiotic bacteria vs. A/E lesion-forming Escherichia coli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TANIA TOPOUZOVA-HRISTOVA

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available During colonization, enteropathogenic (EPEC and enterohaemorrhagic (EHEC Escherichia coli are capable to manipulate host cytoskeleton and colonize gut epithelia by a specific mode of attachment known as the attaching and effacing lesion (A/E lesion. While actin rearrangements during A/E lesion formation have been extensively investigated, the possible alterations of other cytoskeletal elements like those comprising the intercellular junctional complexes (JC of polarized cells during infection have only lately attracted attention. The present mini-review addresses the opposite effects of two groups of bacteria, A/E lesion-forming pathogenic E. coli and probiotic bacterial strains, on JC. JC are important in maintaining gut barrier functions. EPEC and EHEC can disrupt JC which as a consequence leads to reduction in the transepitelial electrical resistance (TER and an increase of the permeability to macromolecules. Probiotic bacteria on the other hand stabilize JC thus increasing TER and reducing permeability to macromolecular markers. Probiotic strains can protect JC integrity of polarized cells from the damage caused by EPEC or EHEC. Together with the promise of these results, of concern is the fact that the outcome of the studies can differ dependent on experimental protocols. Studies with living bacteria and different strain combinations have also put forward strain specific effects. Therefore, an important practical item for future studies is the identification of the molecules synthesized by probiotic bacteria that may be active on JC stability.

  12. Current Diagnosis and Management of Immune Related Adverse Events (irAEs) Induced by Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Vivek; Chaudhary, Neha; Garg, Mohit; Floudas, Charalampos S.; Soni, Parita; Chandra, Abhinav B.

    2017-01-01

    The indications of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are set to rise further with the approval of newer agents like tremelimumab and atezolimumab for use in patients with advanced stage mesothelioma and urothelial carcinoma respectively. More frequent use of ICIs has improved our understanding of their unique side effects, which are known as immune-related adverse events (irAEs). The spectrum of irAEs has expanded beyond more common manifestations such as dermatological, gastrointestinal and endocrine effects to rarer presentations involving nervous, hematopoietic and urinary systems. There are new safety data accumulating on ICIs in patients with previously diagnosed autoimmune conditions. It is challenging for clinicians to continuously update their working knowledge to diagnose and manage these events successfully. If diagnosed timely, the majority of events are completely reversible, and temporary immunosuppression with glucocorticoids, infliximab or other agents is warranted only in the most severe grade illnesses. The same principles of management will possibly apply as newer anti- cytotoxic T lymphocytes-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) and programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1/PD-L1) antibodies are introduced. The current focus of research is for prophylaxis and for biomarkers to predict the onset of these toxicities. In this review we summarize the irAEs of ICIs and emphasize their growing spectrum and their management algorithms, to update oncology practitioners. PMID:28228726

  13. Comparative analysis of different AES implementation techniques for efficient resource usage and better performance of an FPGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umer Farooq

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Over the past few years, cryptographic algorithms have become increasingly important. Advanced Encryption Standard (AES algorithm was introduced in early 2000. It is widely adopted because of its easy implementation and robust security. In this work, AES is implemented on FPGA using five different techniques. These techniques are based on optimized implementation of AES on FPGA by making efficient resource usage of the target device. Experimental results obtained are quite varying in nature. They range from smallest (suitable for area critical application to fastest (suitable for performance critical applications implementation. Finally, technique making efficient usage of resources leads to frequency of 886.64 MHz and throughput of 113.5 Gb/s with moderate resource consumption on a Spartan-6 device. Furthermore, comparison between proposed technique and existing work shows that our technique has 32% higher frequency, while consuming 2.63× more slice LUTs, 8.33× less slice registers, and 12.59× less LUT-FF pairs.

  14. Current Diagnosis and Management of Immune Related Adverse Events (irAEs) Induced by Immune Checkpoint Inhibitor Therapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, Vivek; Chaudhary, Neha; Garg, Mohit; Floudas, Charalampos S; Soni, Parita; Chandra, Abhinav B

    2017-01-01

    The indications of immune checkpoint inhibitors (ICIs) are set to rise further with the approval of newer agents like tremelimumab and atezolimumab for use in patients with advanced stage mesothelioma and urothelial carcinoma respectively. More frequent use of ICIs has improved our understanding of their unique side effects, which are known as immune-related adverse events (irAEs). The spectrum of irAEs has expanded beyond more common manifestations such as dermatological, gastrointestinal and endocrine effects to rarer presentations involving nervous, hematopoietic and urinary systems. There are new safety data accumulating on ICIs in patients with previously diagnosed autoimmune conditions. It is challenging for clinicians to continuously update their working knowledge to diagnose and manage these events successfully. If diagnosed timely, the majority of events are completely reversible, and temporary immunosuppression with glucocorticoids, infliximab or other agents is warranted only in the most severe grade illnesses. The same principles of management will possibly apply as newer anti- cytotoxic T lymphocytes-associated antigen 4 (CTLA-4) and programmed cell death protein 1 (PD-1/PD-L1) antibodies are introduced. The current focus of research is for prophylaxis and for biomarkers to predict the onset of these toxicities. In this review we summarize the irAEs of ICIs and emphasize their growing spectrum and their management algorithms, to update oncology practitioners.

  15. Spectroscopic monitoring of the Herbig Ae star HD 104237. II. Non-radial pulsations, mode analysis and fundamental stellar parameters

    CERN Document Server

    Fumel, Aurelie

    2011-01-01

    Herbig Ae/Be stars are intermediate-mass pre-main sequence (PMS) stars showing signs of intense activity and strong stellar winds, whose origin is not yet understood in the frame of current theoretical models of stellar evolution for young stars. The evolutionary tracks of the earlier Herbig Ae stars cross a recently discovered PMS instability strip. Many of these stars exhibit pulsations of delta Scuti type. HD 104237 is a well-known pulsating Herbig Ae star. In this article, we reinvestigated an extensive high-resolution quasi-continuous spectroscopic data set in order to search for very faint indications of non-radial pulsations in the line profile. To do this, we worked on dynamical spectra of equivalent photospheric (LSD) profiles of HD 104237. A 2D Fourier analysis (F2D) was performed of the entire profile and the temporal variation of the central depth of the line was studied with the time-series analysis tools Period04 and SigSpec. We present a mode identification corresponding to the detected dominan...

  16. Near Full-Length Identification of a Novel HIV-1 CRF01_AE/B/C Recombinant in Northern Myanmar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Yan-Heng; Chen, Xin; Liang, Yue-Bo; Pang, Wei; Qin, Wei-Hong; Zhang, Chiyu; Zheng, Yong-Tang

    2015-08-01

    The Myanmar-China border appears to be the "hot spot" region for the occurrence of HIV-1 recombination. The majority of the previous analyses of HIV-1 recombination were based on partial genomic sequences, which obviously cannot reflect the reality of the genetic diversity of HIV-1 in this area well. Here, we present a near full-length characterization of a novel HIV-1 CRF01_AE/B/C recombinant isolated from a long-distance truck driver in Northern Myanmar. It is the first description of a near full-length genomic sequence in Myanmar since 2003, and might be one of the most complicated HIV-1 chimeras ever detected in Myanmar, containing four CRF01_AE, six B segments, and five C segments separated by 14 breakpoints throughout its genome. The discovery and characterization of this new CRF01_AE/B/C recombinant indicate that intersubtype recombination is ongoing in Myanmar, continuously generating new forms of HIV-1. More work based on near full-length sequence analyses is urgently needed to better understand the genetic diversity of HIV-1 in these regions.

  17. Implementation of Digital Signature Using Aes and Rsa Algorithms as a Security in Disposition System af Letter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siregar, H.; Junaeti, E.; Hayatno, T.

    2017-03-01

    Activities correspondence is often used by agencies or companies, so that institutions or companies set up a special division to handle issues related to the letter management. Most of the distribution of letters using electronic media, then the letter should be kept confidential in order to avoid things that are not desirable. Techniques that can be done to meet the security aspect is by using cryptography or by giving a digital signature. The addition of asymmetric and symmetric algorithms, i.e. RSA and AES algorithms, on the digital signature had been done in this study to maintain data security. The RSA algorithm was used during the process of giving digital signature, while the AES algorithm was used during the process of encoding a message that will be sent to the receiver. Based on the research can be concluded that the additions of AES and RSA algorithms on the digital signature meet four objectives of cryptography: Secrecy, Data Integrity, Authentication and Non-repudiation.

  18. Effect of Spindle Parameters of Woodworking Band Saw on the AE Value of Crack Band Saw Blade in Compound Material Processing (1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Jin-gui; Jiang, Zhao-fang; Luo, Lai-peng

    2017-04-01

    Taking the MJ3210A motion band saw as the research object, the AE value of the band saw blade vibration was obtained by analyzing the VIBSYS vibration signal acquisition and analysis software system in Beijing, and the change of the AE value of the band saw and the crack was found out. The experimental results show that in the MJ3210A sports car sawing machine, the band saw blade with width of 130 mm is used, and the AE value of the cracked band saw blade is well in the high band saw blade AE value. Under the best working condition of the band saw, the band saw blade AE If the value exceeds 104.7 dB (A) above, it means that the band saw blade has at least one crack length greater than 1.38 mm for the crack defect and the need to replace the band saw blade in time. Different species with saw blade of the AE value is different, white pine wood minimum, the largest oak wood; according to a variety of wood processing AE instrument value to determine the band saw blade crack to the situation; so as to fully rational use of band saw blade, The failure and the degree of development to find a new method.

  19. Construction and reliability of the Japanese version of the Adolescent Egocentrism-Sociocentrism (AES) scale and its preliminary application in the Japanese university students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamamoto, Mayumi; Tomotake, Masahito; Ohmori, Tetsuro

    2008-08-01

    In recent years, the problem of interpersonal relationships has been reported to be associated with various adolescent psychiatric problems. Egocentrism is one factor related to the problem of interpersonal relationships. The Adolescent Egocentrism-Sociocentrism (AES) scale is used to assess egocentrism in Western countries, but no such scale has been developed in Japan. The purpose of our current study was to develop the Japanese version of the AES scale and investigate the relationship between the egocentrism assessed by the AES scale and the self-consciousness assessed by the Japanese version of the self-consciousness scale. The original version of the AES scale was first translated into Japanese using the forward-backward method and examined for factorial reliability and validity. The results demonstrated that the Japanese version of the AES scale shows adequate factorial reliability and validity, but different from the original version the "egocentrism personal fable" subscale which measures the feeling that oneself is special and unique was not extracted in the Japanese version. We found a moderate correlation between the non-social focuses of the AES scale and the public self-consciousness subscale of the self-consciousness scale. This correlation suggests that a strong attention of others' view on oneself results in the avoidance of others. The Japanese version of the AES scale can examine egocentrism adequately together with sociocentrism and non-social focuses. As this scale is self-reporting and easy to complete, it may have practical utility in a clinical setting.

  20. Mapping Copper and Lead Concentrations at Abandoned Mine Areas Using Element Analysis Data from ICP-AES and Portable XRF Instruments: A Comparative Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Hyeongyu; Choi, Yosoon; Suh, Jangwon; Lee, Seung-Ho

    2016-03-30

    Understanding spatial variation of potentially toxic trace elements (PTEs) in soil is necessary to identify the proper measures for preventing soil contamination at both operating and abandoned mining areas. Many studies have been conducted worldwide to explore the spatial variation of PTEs and to create soil contamination maps using geostatistical methods. However, they generally depend only on inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) analysis data, therefore such studies are limited by insufficient input data owing to the disadvantages of ICP-AES analysis such as its costly operation and lengthy period required for analysis. To overcome this limitation, this study used both ICP-AES and portable X-ray fluorescence (PXRF) analysis data, with relatively low accuracy, for mapping copper and lead concentrations at a section of the Busan abandoned mine in Korea and compared the prediction performances of four different approaches: the application of ordinary kriging to ICP-AES analysis data, PXRF analysis data, both ICP-AES and transformed PXRF analysis data by considering the correlation between the ICP-AES and PXRF analysis data, and co-kriging to both the ICP-AES (primary variable) and PXRF analysis data (secondary variable). Their results were compared using an independent validation data set. The results obtained in this case study showed that the application of ordinary kriging to both ICP-AES and transformed PXRF analysis data is the most accurate approach when considers the spatial distribution of copper and lead contaminants in the soil and the estimation errors at 11 sampling points for validation. Therefore, when generating soil contamination maps for an abandoned mine, it is beneficial to use the proposed approach that incorporates the advantageous aspects of both ICP-AES and PXRF analysis data.

  1. Loss of the AE3 Cl-/HCO3- exchanger in mice affects rate-dependent inotropy and stress-related AKT signaling in heart

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vikram ePrasad

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Cl-/HCO3- exchangers are expressed abundantly in cardiac muscle, suggesting that HCO3- extrusion serves an important function in heart. Mice lacking Anion Exchanger Isoform 3 (AE3, a major cardiac Cl-/HCO3- exchanger, appear healthy, but loss of AE3 causes decompensation in a hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM model. Using intra-ventricular pressure analysis, in vivo pacing, and molecular studies we identified physiological and biochemical changes caused by loss of AE3 that may contribute to decompensation in HCM. AE3-null mice had normal cardiac contractility under basal conditions and after -adrenergic stimulation, but pacing of hearts revealed that frequency-dependent inotropy was blunted, suggesting that AE3-mediated HCO3- extrusion is required for a robust force-frequency response (FFR during acute biomechanical stress in vivo. Modest changes in expression of proteins that affect Ca2+-handling were observed, but Ca2+-transient analysis of AE3-null myocytes showed normal twitch-amplitude and Ca2+-clearance. Phosphorylation and expression of several proteins implicated in HCM and FFR, including phospholamban, myosin binding protein C, and troponin I were not altered in hearts of paced AE3-null mice; however, phosphorylation of Akt, which plays a central role in mechanosensory signaling, was significantly higher in paced AE3-null hearts than in wild-type controls and phosphorylation of AMPK, which is affected by Akt and is involved in energy metabolism and some cases of HCM, was reduced. These data show loss of AE3 leads to impaired rate-dependent inotropy, appears to affect mechanical stress-responsive signaling, and reduces activation of AMPK, which may contribute to decompensation in heart failure.

  2. Bioekologi vektor demam berdarah dengue (DBD serta deteksi virus dengue pada Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus dan Ae. albopictus (Skuse (Diptera: Culicidae di kelurahan endemik DBD Bantarjati, Kota Bogor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahara Fadilla

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Dengue hemorrhagic fever (DHF is a viral disease that threatened community health in Indonesia. As part of an eradication program, it is important to learn the behavioral aspect of the disease vector. The aims of this study were to detect the presence of dengue virus in Aedes spp., at Bantarjati Village, Bogor City and to learn to bioecology of. Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus. Detection of dengue virus in Aedes spp. were done by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR technique that consist of two phase were synthesis phase and cDNA amplification and dengue virus serotipe characterization. The Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus (Skuse mosquitoes were collected using the landing and resting moquito collection technique booth indoors and outdoors. The highest density of Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus were found in April and the peak activity was occurred at 10:00-11:00 am. Dengue virus was not detected in female mosquitoes Aedes spp.

  3. Role of adaptor proteins and clathrin in the trafficking of human kidney anion exchanger 1 (kAE1) to the cell surface.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Junking, Mutita; Sawasdee, Nunghathai; Duangtum, Natapol; Cheunsuchon, Boonyarit; Limjindaporn, Thawornchai; Yenchitsomanus, Pa-thai

    2014-07-01

    Kidney anion exchanger 1 (kAE1) plays an important role in acid-base homeostasis by mediating chloride/bicarbornate (Cl-/HCO3-) exchange at the basolateral membrane of α-intercalated cells in the distal nephron. Impaired intracellular trafficking of kAE1 caused by mutations of SLC4A1 encoding kAE1 results in kidney disease - distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA). However, it is not known how the intracellular sorting and trafficking of kAE1 from trans-Golgi network (TGN) to the basolateral membrane occurs. Here, we studied the role of basolateral-related sorting proteins, including the mu1 subunit of adaptor protein (AP) complexes, clathrin and protein kinase D, on kAE1 trafficking in polarized and non-polarized kidney cells. By using RNA interference, co-immunoprecipitation, yellow fluorescent protein-based protein fragment complementation assays and immunofluorescence staining, we demonstrated that AP-1 mu1A, AP-3 mu1, AP-4 mu1 and clathrin (but not AP-1 mu1B, PKD1 or PKD2) play crucial roles in intracellular sorting and trafficking of kAE1. We also demonstrated colocalization of kAE1 and basolateral-related sorting proteins in human kidney tissues by double immunofluorescence staining. These findings indicate that AP-1 mu1A, AP-3 mu1, AP-4 mu1 and clathrin are required for kAE1 sorting and trafficking from TGN to the basolateral membrane of acid-secreting α-intercalated cells.

  4. Generation and antitumor effects of an engineered and energized fusion protein VL-LDP-AE composed of single-domain antibody and lidamycin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MIAO QingFang; SHANG BoYang; OUYANG ZhiGang; LIU XiaoYun; ZHEN YongSu

    2007-01-01

    Type Ⅳ collagenase plays a pivotal role in invasion, metastasis and angiogenesis of tumor. Single domain antibodies are attractive as tumor-targeting vehicle because of their much smaller size compared with antibody molecules produced by conventional methods. Lidamycin (LDM) is a potent enediyne-containing antitumor antibiotic. In this study an engineered and energized fusion protein VL-LDP-AE composed of lidamycin and VL domain of mAb 3G11 directed against type Ⅳ collagenase was prepared using a novel two-step method. First a VL-LDP fusion protein was constructed by DNA recombination. Secondly VL-LDP-AE was obtained by molecular reconstitution. In MTT assay,VL-LDP-AE showed potent cytotoxicity to HT-1080 cells and KB cells with IC50 values of 8.55×10-12 and 1.70×10-11 mol/L, respectively. VL-LDP-AE showed antiangiogenic activity in chick chrorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay and tube formation assay. In in vivo experiments, VL-LDP-AE was proved to be more effective than free LDM against the growth of subcutaneously transplanted hepatoma 22 in mice.Drugs were given intravenously on day 3 and 10 after tumor transplantation. Compared in terms of maximal tolerated doses, VL-LDP-AE at 0.25 mg/kg suppressed the tumor growth by 89.5%, LDM at 0.05mg/kg by 69.9%, and mitomycin at 1 mg/kg by 35%. Having a molecular weight of 25.2 kDa, VL-LDP-AE was much smaller than other reported antibody-based drugs. The results suggested that VL-LDP-AE would be a promising candidate for tumor targeting therapy. And the 2-step approach could serve as a new technology platform for making a series of highly potent engineered antibody-based drugs for a variety of cancers.

  5. Generation and antitumor effects of an engineered and energized fusion protein VL-LDP-AE composed of single-domain antibody and lidamycin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Type IV collagenase plays a pivotal role in invasion, metastasis and angiogenesis of tumor. Single domain antibodies are attractive as tumor-targeting vehicle because of their much smaller size com-pared with antibody molecules produced by conventional methods. Lidamycin (LDM) is a potent enediyne-containing antitumor antibiotic. In this study an engineered and energized fusion protein VL-LDP-AE composed of lidamycin and VL domain of mAb 3G11 directed against type IV collagenase was prepared using a novel two-step method. First a VL-LDP fusion protein was constructed by DNA recombination. Secondly VL-LDP-AE was obtained by molecular reconstitution. In MTT assay, VL-LDP-AE showed potent cytotoxicity to HT-1080 cells and KB cells with IC50 values of 8.55×10-12 and 1.70×10-11 mol/L, respectively. VL-LDP-AE showed antiangiogenic activity in chick chrorioallantoic membrane (CAM) assay and tube formation assay. In in vivo experiments, VL-LDP-AE was proved to be more effective than free LDM against the growth of subcutaneously transplanted hepatoma 22 in mice. Drugs were given intravenously on day 3 and 10 after tumor transplantation. Compared in terms of maximal tolerated doses, VL-LDP-AE at 0.25 mg/kg suppressed the tumor growth by 89.5%, LDM at 0.05 mg/kg by 69.9%, and mitomycin at 1 mg/kg by 35%. Having a molecular weight of 25.2 kDa, VL-LDP-AE was much smaller than other reported antibody-based drugs. The results suggested that VL-LDP-AE would be a promising candidate for tumor targeting therapy. And the 2-step approach could serve as a new technology platform for making a series of highly potent engineered antibody-based drugs for a variety of cancers.

  6. N-terminally LRMK-linked HER-2 peptides, AE-37 [p776(774-788)] and AE-47 [Ava-F7(776-788)], aid differentiation of E75-TCR+CD8+ cells to perforin-positive cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matsueda, Satoko; Gao, Hui; Efferson, Clayton L; Tsuda, Naotake; Ishiyama, Satoshi; Li, Yufeng; Ioannides, Maria G; Fisk, Bryan; Peoples, George E; Ioannides, Constantin G

    2009-07-01

    The objective of this study was to discover whether the peptides LRMK and LRMK-Ava linked to the N-terminus of peptides HER-2 (774-788) and HER-2 (776-788), respectively, help differentiation of E75-TCR(+)CD8(+) cells. Activation was quantified in terms of proliferation of E75-TCR(+)CD8(+) cells expressing high, medium and low density amounts of the specific TCR. Differentiation to functional CD8(+) cells was quantified as induction of Perforin (Perf), the lytic-enzyme which mediates the effector function of CD8(+) cells, in E75-TCR(+)CD8(+) cells. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of 3 patients activated with E75(+)AE-37 and E75(+)AE-47 more greatly increased the number of E75-TCR(Hi) CD8(+)Perf(+) cells than PBMCs activated by AE-47 alone or AE-47(+) E75. E75 plus cytokines and cytokines alone activated more E75-TCR(Low) cells than did AE-37 and AE-47. E75(+) AE-37 and AE-37 also induced differentiation of small- and medium-size activated CD8(+) cells from BRC ascites, in allogeneic activation, to Perf(+) cells. Preferential differentiation of E75-TCR(+)CD8(+)Perf(+) cells in distinct patients by AE-37 and AE-47 indicates that cancer vaccines will benefit from such correct individual and disease-associated help. Additional studies using the natural peptides p776 and F7 are needed to understand whether the LRMK-(Ava) tetra-, or pentamer augments or inhibits differentiation of CD8(+) cells, compared with native, natural HER-2 peptides and/or protects CD8(+) cells activated by E75 and by other HLA-I bound peptides from death. Our findings also develop a model for uniform quantification of differentiated CD8(+) effectors.

  7. Observations of Herbig Ae/Be stars with Herschel/PACS. The atomic and molecular contents of their protoplanetary discs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meeus, G.; Montesinos, B.; Mendigutía, I.; Kamp, I.; Thi, W. F.; Eiroa, C.; Grady, C. A.; Mathews, G.; Sandell, G.; Martin-Zaïdi, C.; Brittain, S.; Dent, W. R. F.; Howard, C.; Ménard, F.; Pinte, C.; Roberge, A.; Vandenbussche, B.; Williams, J. P.

    2012-08-01

    We observed a sample of 20 representative Herbig Ae/Be stars and 5 A-type debris discs with PACS onboard Herschel, as part of the GAS in Protoplanetary Systems (GASPS) project. The observations were done in spectroscopic mode, and cover the far-infrared lines of [O i], [C ii], CO, CH+, H2O, and OH. We have a [O i] 63 μm detection rate of 100% for the Herbig Ae/Be and 0% for the debris discs. The [O i] 145 μm line is only detected in 25% and CO J = 18-17 in 45% (and fewer cases for higher J transitions) of the Herbig Ae/Be stars, while for [C ii] 157 μm, we often find spatially variable background contamination. We show the first detection of water in a Herbig Ae disc, HD 163296, which has a settled disc. Hydroxyl is detected as well in this disc. First seen in HD 100546, CH+ emission is now detected for the second time in a Herbig Ae star, HD 97048. We report fluxes for each line and use the observations as line diagnostics of the gas properties. Furthermore, we look for correlations between the strength of the emission lines and either the stellar or disc parameters, such as stellar luminosity, ultraviolet and X-ray flux, accretion rate, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) band strength, and flaring. We find that the stellar ultraviolet flux is the dominant excitation mechanism of [O i] 63 μm, with the highest line fluxes being found in objects with a large amount of flaring and among the largest PAH strengths. Neither the amount of accretion nor the X-ray luminosity has an influence on the line strength. We find correlations between the line flux of [O i] 63 μm and [O i] 145 μm, CO J = 18-17 and [O i] 6300 Å, and between the continuum flux at 63 μm and at 1.3 mm, while we find weak correlations between the line flux of [O i] 63 μm and the PAH luminosity, the line flux of CO J = 3-2, the continuum flux at 63 μm, the stellar effective temperature, and the Brγ luminosity. Finally, we use a combination of the[O i] 63 μm and 12CO J = 2-1 line fluxes to

  8. Nonlinear analysis of magnetospheric data Part I. Geometric characteristics of the AE index time series and comparison with nonlinear surrogate data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. P. Pavlos

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available A long AE index time series is used as a crucial magnetospheric quantity in order to study the underlying dynainics. For this purpose we utilize methods of nonlinear and chaotic analysis of time series. Two basic components of this analysis are the reconstruction of the experimental tiine series state space trajectory of the underlying process and the statistical testing of an null hypothesis. The null hypothesis against which the experimental time series are tested is that the observed AE index signal is generated by a linear stochastic signal possibly perturbed by a static nonlinear distortion. As dis ' ' ating statistics we use geometrical characteristics of the reconstructed state space (Part I, which is the work of this paper and dynamical characteristics (Part II, which is the work a separate paper, and "nonlinear" surrogate data, generated by two different techniques which can mimic the original (AE index signal. lie null hypothesis is tested for geometrical characteristics which are the dimension of the reconstructed trajectory and some new geometrical parameters introduced in this work for the efficient discrimination between the nonlinear stochastic surrogate data and the AE index. Finally, the estimated geometric characteristics of the magnetospheric AE index present new evidence about the nonlinear and low dimensional character of the underlying magnetospheric dynamics for the AE index.

  9. AES, EELS and TRIM simulation method study of InP(100 subjected to Ar+, He+ and H+ ions bombardment.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abidri B.

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Auger Electron Spectroscopy (AES and Electron Energy Loss Spectroscopy (EELS have been performed in order to investigate the InP(100 surface subjected to ions bombardment. The InP(100 surface is always contaminated by carbon and oxygen revealed by C-KLL and O-KLL AES spectra recorded just after introduction of the sample in the UHV spectrometer chamber. The usually cleaning process of the surface is the bombardment by argon ions. However, even at low energy of ions beam (300 eV indium clusters and phosphorus vacancies are usually formed on the surface. The aim of our study is to compare the behaviour of the surface when submitted to He+ or H+ ions bombardment. The helium ions accelerated at 500V voltage and for 45 mn allow removing contaminants but induces damaged and no stoichiometric surface. The proton ions were accelerated at low energy of 500 eV to bombard the InP surface at room temperature. The proton ions broke the In-P chemical bonds to induce the formation of In metal islands. Such a chemical reactivity between hydrogen and phosphorus led to form chemical species such as PH and PH3, which desorbed from the surface. The chemical susceptibly and the small size of H+ advantaged their diffusion into bulk. Since the experimental methods alone were not able to give us with accuracy the disturbed depth of the target by these ions. We associate to the AES and EELS spectroscopies, the TRIM (Transport and Range of Ions in Matter simulation method in order to show the mechanism of interaction between Ar+, He+ or H+ ions and InP and determine the disturbed depth of the target by argon, helium or proton ions.

  10. Application of microwave plasma atomic emission spectrometry (MP-AES) for environmental monitoring of industrially contaminated sites in Hyderabad city.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamala C T; Balaram V; Dharmendra V; Satyanarayanan M; Subramanyam K S V; Krishnaiah A

    2014-11-01

    Recently introduced microwave plasma-atomic emission spectroscopy (MP-AES) represents yet another and very important addition to the existing array of modern instrumental analytical techniques. In this study, an attempt is made to summarize the performance characteristics of MP-AES and its potential as an analytical tool for environmental studies with some practical examples from Patancheru and Uppal industrial sectors of Hyderabad city. A range of soil, sediment, water reference materials, particulate matter, and real-life samples were chosen to evaluate the performance of this new analytical technique. Analytical wavelengths were selected considering the interference effects of other concomitant elements present in different sample solutions. The detection limits for several elements were found to be in the range from 0.05 to 5 ng/g. The trace metals analyzed in both the sectors followed the topography with more pollution in the low-lying sites. The metal contents were found to be more in ground waters than surface waters. Since a decade, the pollutants are transfered from Patancheru industrial area to Musi River. After polluting Nakkavagu and turning huge tracts of agricultural lands barren besides making people residing along the rivulet impotent and sick, industrialists of Patancheru are shifting the effluents to downstream of Musi River through an 18-km pipeline from Patancheru. Since the effluent undergoes primary treatment at Common Effluent Treatment Plant (CETP) at Patanchru and travels through pipeline and mixes with sewage, the organic effluents will be diluted. But the inorganic pollutants such as heavy and toxic metals tend to accumulate in the environmental segments near and downstreams of Musi River. The data generated by MP-AES of toxic metals like Zn, Cu, and Cr in the ground and surface waters can only be attributed to pollution from Patancheru since no other sources are available to Musi River.

  11. Reconstruction of GaAs/AlAs supperlattice multilayer structure by quantification of AES and SIMS sputter depth profiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, H. L.; Lao, J. B.; Li, Z. P.; Yao, W. Q.; Liu, C.; Wang, J. Y.

    2016-12-01

    The GaAs/AlAs superlattice multilayer structures were deposited on GaAs (1 0 0) substrates by molecular beam epitaxial (MBE) technique. The as-prepared samples were characterized respectively by Auger Electron Spectroscopy (AES) and Secondary Ion Mass Spectroscopy (SIMS) depth profiling techniques. The measured depth profiles were then fitted by the Mixing-Roughness-Information (MRI) model. The depth resolution values for both depth profiling techniques were evaluated quantitatively from the fitted MRI parameters and the as-prepared GaAs/AlAs multilayer structure was determined accordingly.

  12. Determination of tungsten in niobium-tantalum, vanadium and molybdenum bearing geological samples using derivative spectrophotometry and ICP-AES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padmasubashini, V; Ganguly, M K; Satyanarayana, K; Malhotra, R K

    1999-10-01

    Two different procedures, one using derivative spectrophotometry and another using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES) have been developed for the determination of tungsten in niobate-tantalates, tin slag samples, ores, concentrates and vanadium and molybdenum bearing geological materials. In the first method involving derivative spectrophotometry, 0.05-0.5 g of the sample is fused with sodium hydroxide, the tungsten is extracted by leaching the melt with distilled water and estimated as thiocyanate using a second derivative spectrophotometric method in the presence of interferents, i.e. Nb, Mo and V, without separating them. Mixtures of tungsten with V, Nb and Mo are used for standardizing the various parameters like zero-crossing wavelength, wavelength range, etc. Tolerance limits for V, Nb and Mo have also been evaluated. In the second method involving ICP-AES, 0.05-0.5 g of sample is fused with KHSO(4) to a clear melt and dissolved in ammonium oxalate solution. Ammonium hydroxide precipitation is then carried out to separate Nb and Ta as hydroxides and the filtrate is boiled with nitric acid to destroy the oxalates before aspiration into the plasma for measurement of tungsten values by ICP-AES using the 207.911 nm emission line. Both methods have been applied to niobate-tantalate and tin slag samples and the results obtained are reported in this paper. The values obtained by both methods are in good agreement with each other. The proposed methods have also been applied to the determination of tungsten in two Canadian Certified Reference Standards (CT-1 and MP-2) and the values obtained are in good agreement with the certified values and the R.S.D.% in case of the ICP-AES method varied from 1-2% at >1000 mug g(-1) level to 9.4% at the 20 mug g(-1) level whereas the R.S.D.% in case of the derivative method varied from 1 to 7.8%.

  13. Valores poblacionales de referencia del perfil de salud CHIP-AE a partir de una muestra representativa de adolescentes escolarizados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serra-Sutton V.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: El perfil de salud CHIP-AE (Child Health and Illness Profile, Adolescent Edition es un instrumento genérico para adolescentes de 12 a 19 años que ha sido adaptado para uso en España. El objetivo del estudio fue obtener los valores poblacionales de referencia de la versión española del CHIP-AE. Métodos: Se administró el CHIP-AE a una muestra representativa de adolescentes escolarizados de Barcelona, mediante muestreo por conglomerados, estratificado según la titularidad del centro (público o concertado y el índice de capacidad económica familiar (bajo, medio y alto. Se estandarizaron las puntuaciones a una media de 20 y desviación estándar (DE de 5. Se calcularon las medias y los percentiles. Las medias se compararon por edad, género y nivel socioeconómico mediante análisis de la varianza. Resultados: Las proporción de respuesta fue del 81% (n = 902. Las puntuaciones presentaron un amplio rango de distribución, y aunque en general fueron algo sesgadas hacia las puntuaciones de buena salud, sugieren que la muestra de población general no está exenta de problemas de salud. El 25% presentó puntuaciones por debajo de 17,2 en la dimensión de bienestar, lo que indica un tamaño de efecto de 0,56 unidades estandarizadas de DE. La distribución de las puntuaciones de las muestras de referencia de Barcelona fueron muy similares a las originales de Baltimore (Estados Unidos, con diferencias mínimas en riesgo individual. Conclusiones: El CHIP-AE recoge de manera sistemática las dimensiones propias de la salud de los adolescentes. Los resultados permitirán establecer comparaciones con adolescentes de otras regiones, y/o con diferentes problemas de salud y analizar las desigualdades en salud durante la adolescencia.

  14. Interaction of MalY and Aes with MalT, the transcriptional activator of the Eschrichia coli maltose system

    OpenAIRE

    2002-01-01

    The maltose system of Escherichia coli consists of 10 genes whose products are involved in the uptake and metabolism of maltose and maltodextrins. There are 3 known proteins directly interacting with the transcriptional activator MalT and stabilizing its inactive conformation: MalK, the ATP-hydrolyzing subunit of the system, MalY, a bC-S lyase, and Aes, an enzyme with acetyl esterase activity.The analysis of MalY mutants with reduced repressor ability and the X-ray structure allowed to determ...

  15. Analysis of eco-relevant elements and noble metals in printed wiring boards using AAS, ICP-AES and EDXRF

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ernst, Tobias; Popp, Ralf; Wolf, Marion; Eldik, Rudi van [Institute for Inorganic Chemistry, University of Erlangen-Nuernberg, Egerlandstr. 1, 91058, Erlangen (Germany)

    2003-03-01

    Different analytical procedures were developed to investigate the chemical composition of printed wiring boards. A set of 11 samples from different electronic devices were ground and prepared for ICP-AES and AAS analyses by extraction with aqua regia and microwave digestion. Several sample preparation techniques were used for the analyses by EDXRF; the best results were obtained by embedding the samples in Vaseline. Since no standard reference material is available for printed wiring boards, a model reference material was created to compare the applicability and limitations of the employed analytical techniques. (orig.)

  16. 基于 AES 加密算法的 Java Web 硬件绑定保护技术%Java Web Hardware Binding Preservation Technology based on AES Encryption Algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈冈

    2014-01-01

    为了防止Java Web系统的非授权使用,开发者需要对软件进行必要的保护。论文基于 AES 加密算法和嵌入式数据库Derby,介绍了硬件保护基本原理,设计了绑定保护处理流程,给出了具体技术方案。论文提出了一种将固定设备硬件标识和移动设备硬件标识相结合的硬件绑定保护方案。实践表明,该方案成本低廉、使用灵活、安全性高。%In order to prevent Java Web systems ’ non-authorized use , developers need to protect software .This paper , based on the AES encryption algorithm and embedded database Derby , introduces the basic principle of hardware protec-tion, designs binding protection process , and gives details technical methods .The paper proposes a hardware binding pro-tection scheme combining fixed equipment hardware marking with mobile equipment hardware .The practice shows that the scheme has low cost and flexible uses ,and the security is very high .

  17. 湿法分解-ICP-AES 测定废钯碳催化剂中的钯%Determination of Palladium in Spent Palladium Carbon Catalyst by ICP-AES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖红新; 岳伟; 庄艾春; 王芳; 陈小兰; 林海山; 李小琳; 王彩华

    2013-01-01

    In order to decomposes the sample completely and eliminate the impact of carbon, preparation of sample, carbon removed by H2SO4+HNO3 smoking, formic acid reduction, dissolved by aqua regia. determine palladium content in the selected conditions of ICP-AES. The recovery ranged from 97.0% to 101.8%, the relative standard deviation (n=6) is less than 3%, determination result of the method and method of ignition reduction and fire assay is consistent, the method is simple and fast, environmental protection, conservation, and accurate.%为完全分解样品,消除碳的影响,以 H2SO4+HNO3冒烟消除碳,甲酸还原,王水溶解,在ICP-AES 选定的条件下测定废钯炭催化剂样品中钯的含量。样品加标回收率97.0%~101.6%,测定0.099%~0.324%的钯含量,相对标准偏差2.55%~2.84%,方法与灼烧还原法及火试金法测定结果一致,方法简单快速,环保节约,结果准确。

  18. Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) Logistics Reduction and Repurposing Project: Advanced Clothing Ground Study Final Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Byrne, Vicky; Orndoff, Evelyne; Poritz, Darwin; Schlesinger, Thilini

    2013-01-01

    All human space missions require significant logistical mass and volume that will become an excessive burden for long duration missions beyond low Earth orbit. The goal of the Advanced Exploration Systems (AES) Logistics Reduction & Repurposing (LRR) project is to bring new ideas and technologies that will enable human presence in farther regions of space. The LRR project has five tasks: 1) Advanced Clothing System (ACS) to reduce clothing mass and volume, 2) Logistics to Living (L2L) to repurpose existing cargo, 3) Heat Melt Compactor (HMC) to reprocess materials in space, 4) Trash to Gas (TTG) to extract useful gases from trash, and 5) Systems Engineering and Integration (SE&I) to integrate these logistical components. The current International Space Station (ISS) crew wardrobe has already evolved not only to reduce some of the logistical burden but also to address crew preference. The ACS task is to find ways to further reduce this logistical burden while examining human response to different types of clothes. The ACS task has been broken into a series of studies on length of wear of various garments: 1) three small studies conducted through other NASA projects (MMSEV, DSH, HI-SEAS) focusing on length of wear of garments treated with an antimicrobial finish; 2) a ground study, which is the subject of this report, addressing both length of wear and subject perception of various types of garments worn during aerobic exercise; and 3) an ISS study replicating the ground study, and including every day clothing to collect information on perception in reduced gravity in which humans experience physiological changes. The goal of the ground study is first to measure how long people can wear the same exercise garment, depending on the type of fabric and the presence of antimicrobial treatment, and second to learn why. Human factors considerations included in the study consist of the Institutional Review Board approval, test protocol and participants' training, and a web

  19. Chemical abundance analysis of symbiotic giants - II. AE Ara, BX Mon, KX TrA, and CL Sco

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gałan, Cezary; Mikołajewska, Joanna; Hinkle, Kenneth H.

    2015-02-01

    Knowledge of the elemental abundances of symbiotic giants is essential to address the role of chemical composition in the evolution of symbiotic binaries, to map their parent population, and to trace their mass transfer history. However, there are few symbiotic giants for which the photospheric abundances are fairly well determined. This is the second in a series of papers on chemical composition of symbiotic giants determined from high-resolution (R ˜ 50 000) near-IR spectra. Results are presented for the late-type giant star in the AE Ara, BX Mon, KX TrA, and CL Sco systems. Spectrum synthesis employing standard local thermal equilibrium (LTE) analysis and stellar atmosphere models were used to obtain photospheric abundances of CNO and elements around the iron peak (Sc, Ti, Fe, and Ni). Our analysis resulted in sub-solar metallicities in BX Mon, KX TrA, and CL Sco by [Fe/H] ˜ -0.3 or -0.5 depending on the value of microturbulence. AE Ara shows metallicity closer to solar by ˜ 0.2 dex. The enrichment in 14N isotope found in all these objects indicates that the giants have experienced the first dredge-up. In the case of BX Mon first dredge-up is also confirmed by the low 12C/13C isotopic ratio of ˜ 8.

  20. Effect of Photodesorption on Snow Line at the Surface of Optically Thick Circumstellar Disks around Herbig Ae/Be Stars

    CERN Document Server

    Oka, Akinori; Nakamoto, Taishi; Honda, Mitsuhito

    2012-01-01

    We investigate the effect of photodesorption on the snow line position at the surface of a protoplanetary disk around a Herbig Ae/Be star, motivated by the detection of water ice particles at the surface of the disk around HD142527 by Honda et al. For this aim, we obtain the density and temperature structure in the disk with a 1+1D radiative transfer and determine the distribution of water ice particles in the disk by the balance between condensation, sublimation, and photodesorption. We find that photodesorption induced by the far-ultraviolet radiation from the central star depresses the ice-condensation front toward the mid-plane and pushes the surface snow line outward significantly when the stellar effective temperature exceeds a certain critical value. This critical effective temperature depends on the stellar luminosity and mass, the water abundance in the disk, and the yield of photodesorption. We present an approximate analytic formula for the critical temperature. We separate Herbig Ae/Be stars into ...

  1. Optical and Near-IR Observations of the Faint and Fast 2008ha-like Supernova 2010ae

    CERN Document Server

    Stritzinger, M D; Valenti, S; Taddia, F; Rivera-Thorsen, T J; Leloudas, G; Maeda, K; Pastorello, A; Phillips, M M; Pignata, G; Baron, E; Burns, C R; Contreras, C; Folatelli, G; Hamuy, M; Hoeflich, P; Morrell, N; Prieto, J L; Benetti, S; Campillay, A; Haislip, J B; LaClutze, A P; Moore, J P; Reichart, D E

    2013-01-01

    A comprehensive set of optical and near-infrared (NIR) photometry and spectroscopy is presented for the faint and fast 2008ha-like supernova (SN) 2010ae. Contingent on the adopted value of host extinction SN 2010ae reached a peak brightness of ~ -13.8 > M_V > -15.3 mag, while modeling of the UVOIR light curve suggests it produced 0.003--0.007 M_sun of 56^Ni, ejected ~ 0.30--0.60 M_sun of material, and had an explosion energy of ~ 0.04--0.30x10^51 erg. The values of these explosion parameters are similar to the peculiar SN 2008ha --for which we also present previously unpublished early phase optical and NIR light curves-- and places these two transients at the faint end of the 2002cx-like SN population. Detailed inspection of the post maximum NIR spectroscopic sequence indicates the presence of a multitude of spectral features, which are identified through SYNAPPS modeling to be mainly attributed to Co II. Comparison with a collection of published and unpublished NIR spectra of other 2002cx-like SNe, reveals t...

  2. Hydrides of Alkaline Earth–Tetrel (AeTt) Zintl Phases: Covalent Tt–H Bonds from Silicon to Tin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Auer, Henry; Guehne, Robin; Bertmer, Marko; Weber, Sebastian; Wenderoth, Patrick; Hansen, Thomas Christian; Haase, Jürgen; Kohlmann, Holger

    2017-01-18

    Zintl phases form hydrides either by incorporating hydride anions (interstitial hydrides) or by covalent bonding of H to the polyanion (polyanionic hydrides), which yields a variety of different compositions and bonding situations. Hydrides (deuterides) of SrGe, BaSi, and BaSn were prepared by hydrogenation (deuteration) of the CrB-type Zintl phases AeTt and characterized by laboratory X-ray, synchrotron, and neutron diffraction, NMR spectroscopy, and quantum-chemical calculations. SrGeD4/3–x and BaSnD4/3–x show condensed boatlike six-membered rings of Tt atoms, formed by joining three of the zigzag chains contained in the Zintl phase. These new polyanionic motifs are terminated by covalently bound H atoms with d(Ge–D) = 1.521(9) Å and d(Sn–D) = 1.858(8) Å. Additional hydride anions are located in Ae4 tetrahedra; thus, the features of both interstitial hydrides and polyanionic hydrides are represented. BaSiD2–x retains the zigzag Si chain as in the parent Zintl phase, but in the hydride (deuteride), it is terminated by H (D) atoms, thus forming a linear (SiD) chain with d(Si–D) = 1.641(5) Å.

  3. Luciferase reporter phage phAE85 for rapid detection of rifampicin resistance in clinical isolates of Mycobacterium tuberculosis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gomathi Sivaramakrishnan; Balaji Subramanyam; Ponnuraja C; Vanaja Kumar

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To evaluate luciferase reporter phage (LRP) phAE85 in rapid detection of rifampicin resistance in a region where TB is endemic. Methods:One hundred and ninety primary isolates on Lowenstein-Jensen medium were tested. Middlebrook 7H9 complete medium with and without rifampicin at 2μg/mL was inoculated with standard inoculum from suspensions of the clinical isolate. After incubation for 72 h, LRP was added. Following 4 h of further incubation, light output from both control and test was measured as relative light units. Strains exhibiting a reduction of less than 50%relative light units in the drug containing vial compared to control were classified as resistant. Results were compared with the conventional minimum inhibitory concentration method (MIC) of drug susceptibility testing. Results:The two methods showed high level of agreement of 97% (CI 0.94, 0.99) and P value was 0.000 1. The sensitivity and specificity of LRP assay for detection of rifampicin resistance were 91%(CI 0.75, 0.98) and 99%(CI 0.95, 1.00) respectively. Time to detection of resistance by LRP assay was 3 d in comparison with 28 d by the minimum inhibitory concentration method. Conclusions: LRP assay with phAE85 is 99%specific, 91%sensitive and is highly reproducible. Thus the assay offers a simple procedure for drug sensitivity testing, within the scope of semi-automation.

  4. CCMP-AES Model with DSR routing protocol to secure Link layer and Network layer in Mobile Adhoc Networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr.G.Padmavathi

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Mobile Adhoc network is a special kind of wireless networks. It is a collection of mobile nodes without having aid of established infrastructure. Mobile Adhoc network are vulnerable to attacks compared to wired networks due to limited physical security, volatilenetwork topologies, power-constrained operations, intrinsic requirement of mutual trust among all nodes. During deployment, security emerges as a central requirement due to many attacks that affects the performance of the ad hoc networks. Particularly Blackhole attack is one such severe attack against ad hoc routing protocols which is a challenging one to defend against. The proposed model combines the On demand routing protocol DSR with CCMP-AES mode to defend against black hole attack and it also provides confidentiality and authentication of packets in both routing and link layers of MANET. The primary focus of this work is to provide security mechanisms while transmitting data frames in a node to node manner. The security protocol CCMP-AES working in data link layerkeeps data frame from eavesdropping, interception, alteration, or dropping from unauthorized party along the route from the source to the destination. The simulation is done for different number of mobile nodes using network simulator qualnet 5.0. The proposedmodel has shown better results in terms of Total bytes received, packet delivery ratio, throughput, End to End delay and Average jitter.

  5. Phylodynamic analysis reveals CRF01_AE dissemination between Japan and neighboring Asian countries and the role of intravenous drug use in transmission.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teiichiro Shiino

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: One major circulating HIV-1 subtype in Southeast Asian countries is CRF01_AE, but little is known about its epidemiology in Japan. We conducted a molecular phylodynamic study of patients newly diagnosed with CRF01_AE from 2003 to 2010. METHODS: Plasma samples from patients registered in Japanese Drug Resistance HIV-1 Surveillance Network were analyzed for protease-reverse transcriptase sequences; all sequences undergo subtyping and phylogenetic analysis using distance-matrix-based, maximum likelihood and Bayesian coalescent Markov Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC phylogenetic inferences. Transmission clusters were identified using interior branch test and depth-first searches for sub-tree partitions. Times of most recent common ancestor (tMRCAs of significant clusters were estimated using Bayesian MCMC analysis. RESULTS: Among 3618 patient registered in our network, 243 were infected with CRF01_AE. The majority of individuals with CRF01_AE were Japanese, predominantly male, and reported heterosexual contact as their risk factor. We found 5 large clusters with ≥5 members and 25 small clusters consisting of pairs of individuals with highly related CRF01_AE strains. The earliest cluster showed a tMRCA of 1996, and consisted of individuals with their known risk as heterosexual contacts. The other four large clusters showed later tMRCAs between 2000 and 2002 with members including intravenous drug users (IVDU and non-Japanese, but not men who have sex with men (MSM. In contrast, small clusters included a high frequency of individuals reporting MSM risk factors. Phylogenetic analysis also showed that some individuals infected with HIV strains spread in East and South-eastern Asian countries. CONCLUSIONS: Introduction of CRF01_AE viruses into Japan is estimated to have occurred in the 1990s. CFR01_AE spread via heterosexual behavior, then among persons connected with non-Japanese, IVDU, and MSM. Phylogenetic analysis demonstrated that some viral

  6. Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti and Aedes (Howardina) cozumelensis in Yucatán State, México, with a summary of published collection records for Ae. cozumelensis

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Rejón, Julián E.; López-Uribe, Mildred P.; Loroño-Pino, María Alba; Arana-Guardia, Roger; Puc-Tinal, Maria; López-Uribe, Genny M.; Coba-Tún, Carlos; Baak-Baak, Carlos M.; Machain-Williams, Carlos; Reyes-Solis, Guadalupe C.; Lozano-Fuentes, Saul; Saavedra-Rodriguez, Karla; Black IV, William C.; Beaty, Barry J.; Eisen, Lars

    2013-01-01

    We collected mosquito immatures from artificial containers during 2010–2011 from 26 communities, ranging in size from small rural communities to large urban centers, located in different parts of Yucatán State in southeastern México. The arbovirus vector Aedes (Stegomyia) aegypti was collected from all 26 examined communities, and nine of the communities also yielded another container-inhabiting Aedes mosquito: Aedes (Howardina) cozumelensis. The communities from which Ae. cozumelensis were collected were all small, rural communities (<6,000 inhabitants) in the north-central part of Yucatán State. These new collection records for Ae. cozumelensis demonstrate that this mosquito has a far broader geographic range in the Yucatán Peninsula than previously known. Ae. cozumelensis immatures were collected from both residential premises and cemeteries, with specimens recovered from rock holes as well as various artificial containers including metal cans, flower vases, buckets, tires and a water storage tank. The co-occurrence with Ae. aegypti in small rural communities poses intriguing questions regarding linkages between these mosquitoes, including the potential for direct competition for larval development sites. Additional studies are needed to determine how commonly Ae. cozumelensis feeds on human blood and whether it is naturally infected with arboviruses or other pathogens of medical or veterinary importance. We also summarize the published records for Ae. cozumelensis, which are restricted to collections from México’s Yucatán Peninsula and Belize, and uniformly represent geographic locations where Ae. aegypti can be expected to occur. PMID:23181861

  7. Global Dispersal Pattern of HIV Type 1 Subtype CRF01_AE: A Genetic Trace of Human Mobility Related to Heterosexual Sexual Activities Centralized in Southeast Asia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angelis, Konstantinos; Albert, Jan; Mamais, Ioannis; Magiorkinis, Gkikas; Hatzakis, Angelos; Hamouda, Osamah; Struck, Daniel; Vercauteren, Jurgen; Wensing, Annemarie M J; Alexiev, Ivailo; Åsjö, Birgitta; Balotta, Claudia; Camacho, Ricardo J; Coughlan, Suzie; Griskevicius, Algirdas; Grossman, Zehava; Horban, Andrzej; Kostrikis, Leondios G; Lepej, Snjezana; Liitsola, Kirsi; Linka, Marek; Nielsen, Claus; Otelea, Dan; Paredes, Roger; Poljak, Mario; Puchhammer-Stöckl, Elisabeth; Schmit, Jean-Claude; Sönnerborg, Anders; Staneková, Danica; Stanojevic, Maja; Boucher, Charles A B; Kaplan, Lauren; Vandamme, Anne-Mieke; Paraskevis, Dimitrios

    2015-06-01

    Human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) subtype CRF01_AE originated in Africa and then passed to Thailand, where it established a major epidemic. Despite the global presence of CRF01_AE, little is known about its subsequent dispersal pattern. We assembled a global data set of 2736 CRF01_AE sequences by pooling sequences from public databases and patient-cohort studies. We estimated viral dispersal patterns, using statistical phylogeographic analysis run over bootstrap trees estimated by the maximum likelihood method. We show that Thailand has been the source of viral dispersal to most areas worldwide, including 17 of 20 sampled countries in Europe. Japan, Singapore, Vietnam, and other Asian countries have played a secondary role in the viral dissemination. In contrast, China and Taiwan have mainly imported strains from neighboring Asian countries, North America, and Africa without any significant viral exportation. The central role of Thailand in the global spread of CRF01_AE can be probably explained by the popularity of Thailand as a vacation destination characterized by sex tourism and by Thai emigration to the Western world. Our study highlights the unique case of CRF01_AE, the only globally distributed non-B clade whose global dispersal did not originate in Africa. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Infectious Diseases Society of America. All rights reserved. For Permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  8. GASPS observations of Herbig Ae/Be stars with PACS/Herschel. The atomic and molecular content of their protoplanetary discs

    CERN Document Server

    Meeus, G; Mendigutia, I; Kamp, I; Thi, W F

    2012-01-01

    We observed a sample of 20 representative Herbig Ae/Be stars and five A-type debris discs with PACS onboard of Herschel. The observations were done in spectroscopic mode, and cover far-IR lines of [OI], [CII], CO, CH+, H2O and OH. We have a [OI]63 micron detection rate of 100% for the Herbig Ae/Be and 0% for the debris discs. [OI]145 micron is only detected in 25%, CO J=18-17 in 45% (and less for higher J transitions) of the Herbig Ae/Be stars and for [CII] 157 micron, we often found spatially variable background contamination. We show the first detection of water in a Herbig Ae disc, HD 163296, which has a settled disc. Hydroxyl is detected as well in this disc. CH+, first seen in HD 100546, is now detected for the second time in a Herbig Ae star, HD 97048. We report fluxes for each line and use the observations as line diagnostics of the gas properties. Furthermore, we look for correlations between the strength of the emission lines and stellar or disc parameters, such as stellar luminosity, UV and X-ray fl...

  9. Genomic Characterization of Two Novel HIV-1 Unique (CRF01_AE/B) Recombinant Forms Among Men Who Have Sex with Men in Beijing, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zheng; Li, Jia; Feng, Yi; Kalish, Marcia L.; Lu, Hongyan; Yin, Lu; Liao, Lingjie; Qian, Han-Zhu; Frost, Simon D.W.; Ruan, Yuhua; Vermund, Sten H.; Shao, Yiming

    2015-01-01

    Abstract We report here two novel HIV-1 recombinant forms (CRF01_AE/B) isolated from two HIV-positive male subjects infected through homosexual contact in Beijing, China. Recombination contributes substantially to the genetic diversity of HIV-1, and is likely to occur in populations in which multiple subtypes circulate. Molecular epidemiological studies showed that subtype B, CRF01_AE, and CRF07_BC are currently cocirculating in parallel among men who have sex with men (MSM) in China, providing the opportunity for the emergence of new recombinants. Phylogenetic analysis of near full-length genome (NFLG) sequences showed that the unique recombinant forms (URFs) were composed of gene regions from CRF01_AE and subtype B. The CRF01_AE region of the recombinants clustered together with a previously described cluster 4 lineage of CRF01_AE. The B regions of both the recombinants clustered within the B strains. The two recombinants were quite similar with six breakpoints in common. These data highlight the importance of continuous surveillance of the dynamic change of HIV-1 subtypes and new recombinants among the MSM population. PMID:26058342

  10. A simian-human immunodeficiency virus carrying the rt gene from Chinese CRF01_AE strain of HIV is sensitive to nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors and has a highly genetic stability in vivo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Wei; Yao, Nan; Ju, Bin; Dong, Zhihui; Cong, Zhe; Jiang, Hong; Qin, Chuan; Wei, Qiang

    2014-06-01

    Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 subtype CRF01_AE is one of the major HIV-1 subtypes that dominate the global epidemic. However, its drug resistance, associated mutations, and viral fitness have not been systemically studied, because available chimeric simian-HIVs (SHIVs) usually express the HIV-1 reverse transcriptase (rt) gene of subtype B HIV-1, which is different from subtype CRF01_AE HIV-1. In this study, a recombinant plasmid, pRT-SHIV/AE, was constructed to generate a chimeric RT-SHIV/AE by replacing the rt gene of simian immunodeficiency virus (SIVmac239) with the counterpart of Chinese HIV-1 subtype CRF01_AE. The infectivity, replication capacity, co-receptor tropism, drug sensitivity, and genetic stability of RT-SHIV/AE were characterized. The new chimeric RT-SHIV/AE effectively infected and replicated in human T cell line and rhesus peripheral blood mononuclear cells (rhPBMC). The rt gene of RT-SHIV/AE lacked the common mutation (T215I) associated with drug resistance. RT-SHIV-AE retained infectivity and immunogenicity, similar to that of its counterpart RT-SHIV/TC virus following intravenous inoculation in Chinese rhesus macaque. RT-SHIV-AE was more sensitive to nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) than the RT-SHIV/TC. RT-SHIV/AE was genetically stable in Chinese rhesus macaque. The new chimeric RT-SHIV/AE may be a valuable tool for evaluating the efficacy of the rt-based antiviral drugs against the subtype CRF01_AE HIV-1.

  11. Salud en la adolescencia: propiedades psicométricas del perfil de salud y enfermedad (CHIP-AE en adolescentes chilenos Adolescent's health: psychometric properties of health and illness profile (CHIP-AE in chileans youths

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Alfonso Urzúa

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Se evalúan las propiedades psicométricas de la versión adaptada para Chile del Child Health and Illness Profile - Adolescent Edition (CHIP-AE en una muestra de 527 adolescentes escolarizados de instituciones públicas y privadas. Se analizó la consistencia interna como la estructura factorial de la escala, así como su capacidad para discriminar entre grupos. Los hallazgos confirman la estructura factorial de la versión original. La consistencia interna de las dimensiones osciló entre .83 y .89. El instrumento es capaz de discriminar entre rangos de edad y entre sujetos sanos y no sanos. La evidencia permite proponer al instrumento como una medida de evaluación fiable en salud pública para medir el estado de salud de la población adolescente en diversos dominios.We evaluated the psychometric properties of the adapted version for Chile of Child Health and Illness Profile - Adolescent Edition (CHIP-AE in a sample of 527 adolescents from public and private institutions. Internal consistency, seen as a factorial structure of the scale, and its ability to distinguish the groups were assessed. The findings confirmed the factorial structure of the original version. Internal consistency of the dimensions ranged between .83 and .89. The instrument is able to discriminate between age groups and between healthy and unhealthy individuals. Evidence allows proposing this instrument as a reliable measurement of public health assessment to measure adolescent's health in several domains.

  12. Phase-Space Density Analysis of the AE-8 Traped Electron and the AP-8 Trapped Proton Model Environments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thomas E. Cayton

    2005-08-01

    The AE-8 trapped electron and the AP-8 trapped proton models are used to examine the L-shell variation of phase-space densities for sets of transverse (or 1st) invariants, {mu}, and geometrical invariants, K (related to the first two adiabatic invariants). The motivation for this study is twofold: first, to discover the functional dependence of the phase-space density upon the invariants; and, second, to explore the global structure of the radiation belts within this context. Variation due to particle rest mass is considered as well. The overall goal of this work is to provide a framework for analyzing energetic particle data collected by instruments on Global Positioning System (GPS) spacecraft that fly through the most intense region of the radiation belt. For all considered values of {mu} and K, and for 3.5 R{sub E} < L < 6.5 R{sub E}, the AE-8 electron phase-space density increases with increasing L; this trend--the expected one for a population diffusing inward from an external source--continues to L = 7.5 R{sub E} for both small and large values of K but reverses slightly for intermediate values of K. The AP-8 proton phase-space density exhibits {mu}-dependent local minima around L = 5 R{sub E}. Both AE-8 and AP-8 exhibit critical or cutoff values for the invariants beyond which the flux and therefore the phase-space density vanish. For both electrons and protons, these cutoff values vary systematically with magnetic moment and L-shell and are smaller than those estimated for the atmospheric loss cone. For large magnetic moments, for both electrons and protons, the K-dependence of the phase-space density is exponential, with maxima at the magnetic equator (K = 0) and vanishing beyond a cutoff value, K{sub c}. Such features suggest that momentum-dependent trapping boundaries, perhaps drift-type loss cones, serve as boundary conditions for trapped electrons as well as trapped protons.

  13. Phase-Space Density Analyses of the AE-8 Trapped Electron and the AP-8 Trapped Proton Model Environments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    T.E. Cayton

    2005-08-12

    The AE-8 trapped electron and the AP-8 trapped proton models are used to examine the L-shell variation of phase-space densities for sets of transverse (or 1st) invariants, {mu}, and geometrical invariants, K (related to the first two adiabatic invariants). The motivation for this study is twofold: first, to discover the functional dependence of the phase-space density upon the invariants; and, second, to explore the global structure of the radiation belts within this context. Variation due to particle rest mass is considered as well. The overall goal of this work is to provide a framework for analyzing energetic particle data collected by instruments on Global Positioning System (GPS) spacecraft that fly through the most intense region of the radiation belt. For all considered values of {mu} and K, and for 3.5 R{sub E} < L < 6.5 R{sub E}, the AE-8 electron phase-space density increases with increasing L; this trend--the expected one for a population diffusing inward from an external source--continues to L = 7.5 R{sub E} for both small and large values of K but reverses slightly for intermediate values of K. The AP-8 proton phase-space density exhibits {mu}-dependent local minima around L = 5 R{sub E}. Both AE-8 and AP-8 exhibit critical or cutoff values for the invariants beyond which the flux and therefore the phase-space density vanish. For both electrons and protons, these cutoff values vary systematically with magnetic moment and L-shell and are smaller than those estimated for the atmospheric loss cone. For large magnetic moments, for both electrons and protons, the K-dependence of the phase-space density is exponential, with maxima at the magnetic equator (K = 0) and vanishing beyond a cutoff value, K{sub c}. Such features suggest that momentum-dependent trapping boundaries, perhaps drift-type loss cones, serve as boundary conditions for trapped electrons as well as trapped protons.

  14. Brackett γ radiation from the inner gaseous accretion disk, magnetosphere, and disk wind region of Herbig AeBe stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tambovtseva, L. V.; Grinin, V. P.; Weigelt, G.

    2016-05-01

    Various disk and outflow components such as the magnetosphere, the disk wind, the gaseous accretion disk, and other regions may contribute to the hydrogen line emission of young Herbig AeBe stars. Non-LTE modeling was performed to show the influence of the model parameters of each emitting region on the intensity and shape of the Brγ line profile, to present the spatial brightness distribution of each component, and to compare the contribution of each component to the total line emission. The modeling shows that the disk wind is the dominant contributor to the Brγ line rather than the magnetosphere and inner gaseous accretion disk. The contribution of the disk wind region to the Hα line is also considered.

  15. Simulation and measurement of AES depth profiles; a case study of the C/Ta/C/Si system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zommer, Ludomir; Jablonski, Alexander; Kotis, László; Safran, Gyorgy; Menyhárd, Miklós

    2010-04-01

    A multilayer sample (C (23.3 nm)/Ta (26.5 nm)/C (22.7 nm)/Si substrate) was submitted to AES depth profiling by Ar + ions of energy 1 keV and angles of incidence of 72°, 78°, and 82°. The shapes of the as-measured depth profiles were strongly different emphasizing that the ion-bombardment conditions strongly affects the shapes of measured depth profiles. We simulated the depth profile measured at an angle of incidence of 72° by calculating the backscattering factor, applying attenuation lengths available in the literature, and simulating the ion-bombardment-induced specimen alteration with a TRIDYN simulation and a trial and error method. The good agreement between the calculated and measured depth profiles justified the method applied.

  16. AES and EELS analysis of TlBaCaCuOx thin films at 300 K and at 100 K

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nelson, A. J.; Swartzlander, A.; Kazmerski, L. L.; Kang, J. H.; Kampwirth, R. T.; Gray, K. E.

    1989-02-01

    Auger electron spectroscopy line-shape analysis of the Tl(NOO), Ba(MNN), Ca(LMM), Cu(LMM) and O(KLL) peaks has been performed in conjunction with electron energy loss spectroscopy (EELS) on magnetron sputter deposited TlBaCaCuOx thin films a superconducting onset at 110 K with zero resistance at 96 K. AES and EELS analyses were performed at 300 K and at 100 K. Changes in the Auger line shapes and in the EELS spectra as the temperature is lowered below the critical point are related to changes in the electronic structure of states in the valence band (VB). Bulk and surface plasmon peaks are identified in the EELS spectra along with features due to core level transitions. Electron beam and ion beam induced effects are also addressed.

  17. Application of ICP-AES with Microwave Digestion to Detect Trace Elements in Oysters from Jiaozhou Bay, China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHENG Kang; YAN Cuiwei

    2011-01-01

    A Using ICP-AES with microwave digestion,we determined the concentrations of 16 trace elements in oysters from six sampling points in Jiaozhou Bay.The distributions of the wholesome elements Zn,Fe and Mn,and heavy metals such as As,Cd,Hg and Pb were studied.The oysters collected are all rich in the wholesome trace elements,and the oysters from Licun River have the highest concentrations of the three wholesome trace elements.The concentrations of heavy metals in oysters from Licun River are the highest and those from Hongdao are the lowest.Compared with the domestic and foreign sea-areas,the heavy metal contents in the oysters from Jiaozhou Bay are less in amount than those from some developed countries,and more than those in Southeast China.This implies that the Jiaozhou Bay's oysters have been polluted by the environment to some extent.

  18. Supporting Symmetric 128-bit AES in Networked Embedded Systems: An Elliptic Curve Key Establishment Protocol-on-Chip

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roshan Duraisamy

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available The secure establishment of cryptographic keys for symmetric encryption via key agreement protocols enables nodes in a network of embedded systems and remote agents to communicate securely in an insecure environment. In this paper, we propose a pure hardware implementation of a key agreement protocol, which uses the elliptic curve Diffie-Hellmann and digital signature algorithms and enables two parties, a remote agent and a networked embedded system, to establish a 128-bit symmetric key for encryption of all transmitted data via the advanced encryption scheme (AES. The resulting implementation is a protocol-on-chip that supports full 128-bit equivalent security (PoC-128. The PoC-128 has been implemented in an FPGA, but it can also be used as an IP within different embedded applications. As 128-bit security is conjectured valid for the foreseeable future, the PoC-128 goes well beyond the state of art in securing networked embedded devices.

  19. Supporting Symmetric 128-bit AES in Networked Embedded Systems: An Elliptic Curve Key Establishment Protocol-on-Chip

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Strangio MaurizioAdriano

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The secure establishment of cryptographic keys for symmetric encryption via key agreement protocols enables nodes in a network of embedded systems and remote agents to communicate securely in an insecure environment. In this paper, we propose a pure hardware implementation of a key agreement protocol, which uses the elliptic curve Diffie-Hellmann and digital signature algorithms and enables two parties, a remote agent and a networked embedded system, to establish a 128-bit symmetric key for encryption of all transmitted data via the advanced encryption scheme (AES. The resulting implementation is a protocol-on-chip that supports full 128-bit equivalent security (PoC-128. The PoC-128 has been implemented in an FPGA, but it can also be used as an IP within different embedded applications. As 128-bit security is conjectured valid for the foreseeable future, the PoC-128 goes well beyond the state of art in securing networked embedded devices.

  20. Spectroscopic Evidence of Sporadic Gas Accretion onto the Herbig AE Stars with Non-Periodic Algol-Type Minima

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozlova, O. V.; Grinin, V. P.; Rostopchina, A. N.

    We present the results of simultaneous spectroscopic and photometric observations for six isolated Herbig Ae stars with non-periodic Algol-like minima: UX Ori, BF Ori, CQ Tau, SV Cep, VX Gas, and WW Vul. In all cases the Ha line has the profile typical for axially symmetric accretion. In the spectra of five stars (CQ Tau is the exception) the strong He I 5876 Å line has been observed in absorption which is not typical of normal A stars. In three cases: UX Ori, VX Cas, and WW Vul, variability of this line is found. We did not observe any correlation between the strength of this line and the brightness of the stars. These observational facts are considered as evidence for gas accretion, which is probably an important property of young stars with non-periodic Algol-type minima.

  1. Supplemental site inspection for Air Force Plant 59, Johnson City, New York, Volume 2: Appendices A-E

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nashold, B.; Rosenblatt, D.; Tomasko, D. [and others

    1995-08-01

    This summary describes a Supplemental Site Inspection (SSI) conducted by Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) at Air Force Plant 59 (AFP 59) in Johnson City, New York. All required data pertaining to this project were entered by ANL into the Air Force-wide Installation Restoration Program Information System (IRPIMS) computer format and submitted to an appropriate authority. The work was sponsored by the United States Air Force as part of its Installation Restoration Program (IRP). Previous studies had revealed the presence of contaminants at the site and identified several potential contaminant sources. Argonne`s study was conducted to answer questions raised by earlier investigations. This volume consists of appendices A-E, containing field data and data validation.

  2. Design and implementation of real time AES-128 on real time operating system for multiple FPGA communication

    CERN Document Server

    Paul, Rourab; Sau, Suman; Chakrabarti, Amlan

    2012-01-01

    Security is the most important part in data communication system, where more randomization in secret keys increases the security as well as complexity of the cryptography algorithms. As a result in recent dates these algorithms are compensating with enormous memory spaces and large execution time on hardware platform. Field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), provide one of the major alternative in hardware platform scenario due to its reconfiguration nature, low price and marketing speed. In FPGA based embedded system we can use embedded processor to execute particular algorithm with the inclusion of a real time operating System (RTOS), where threads may reduce resource utilization and time consumption. A process in the runtime is separated in different smaller tasks which are executed by the scheduler to meet the real time dead line using RTOS. In this paper we demonstrate the design and implementation of a 128-bit Advanced Encryption Standard (AES) both symmetric key encryption and decryption algorithm by de...

  3. ICP-AES Determination of Germanium in GdSiGe Series Alloys as Magnetic Refrigeration Material

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Pengyu; Li Na; Shao Rongzhen; Liu Bing; Wu Xing

    2007-01-01

    The ICP-AES method for the determination of Ge in GdSiGe series alloys was studied. As the three main elements in the alloys, Gd, Si, and Ge differ greatly from each other in chemical properties, it was difficult to pretreat the sample. Two decomposition methods were compared, and a mixture of HNO3+HF was used to decompose the sample and the effect of the HF amount on the sample decomposition was examined. The adsorption effect of GdF3 on Ge was discussed. Three GdSiGe series alloy samples were analyzed, and the RSDs of this method were in the range of 0.85%~2.66%.

  4. [Determination of trace elements in Mongolian medicine Susi-12 curing cholecystitis and gallstone disease by ICP-AES].

    Science.gov (United States)

    E, Er-Deng-sang; Hang, Gai-ba-te-re; Ba, Tu; Duan, Yi-wen

    2009-04-01

    Trace elements in Mongolian medicine Susi-12 for cholecystitis and gallstones were analyzed in order to discuss the relation between Susi-12's drug action and the trace elements. The analysis was carried out using the pressure seal microwave digestion and inductive coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). It was found that the medicine contained great amount of trace elements, especially human-body-needed trace elements, such as Ca, Al, Mg, Fe, Sr, Mn, Zn, Cu etc., whereas heavy metals are very little, e.g. the contents of Pb, Cb, As etc are below the country's limit. The recoveries of standard addition are in the range of 94.63%-106.40%. The relative standard deviation RSDSusi-12 can effectively control and cure cholecystitis and gallstones, and the effective rate reaches 91.2% to 100%. So the trace elements in Susi-12 must have a close connection with the drug action.

  5. The use of mobile devices for information sharing in a technology-supported model of care in A&E.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baldwin, Lynne P; Low, Phuay Hui; Picton, Claire; Young, Terry

    2007-01-01

    Using a case study as an example, this paper illustrates the current model of care in Accident and Emergency (A & E); in particular, the 'cells' in which data/information is stored and how explicit and accessible it is (or is not) to healthcare professionals. It is a model of care which may be summed up as static information/dynamic clinicians. This paper then describes how mobile devices may be used to track patients through an A&E department. From there, a model of care is proposed that has at its core the notion of dynamic information/static clinicians which takes into account the potential and likelihood of such mobile technology being used to support healthcare professionals in the future. It is argued, however, that such 'disruptive technologies' are merely tools at our disposal and that it is human activity which must be foremost when considering how we might work differently ('better') in treating and/or dealing with patients.

  6. Penicibrocazines A-E, five new sulfide diketopiperazines from the marine-derived endophytic fungus Penicillium brocae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meng, Ling-Hong; Zhang, Peng; Li, Xiao-Ming; Wang, Bin-Gui

    2015-01-07

    Five new sulfide diketopiperazine derivatives, namely, penicibrocazines A-E (1-5), along with a known congener (6), were isolated and identified from the culture extract of Penicillium brocae MA-231, an endophytic fungus obtained from the fresh tissue of the marine mangrove plant Avicennia marina. The structures of these compounds were elucidated by detailed interpretation of NMR and mass spectroscopic data and the structures of compounds 1 and 3 were confirmed by single-crystal X-ray diffraction analysis. All these compounds were examined for cytotoxic and antimicrobial activities. Compounds 2-6 exhibited antimicrobial activity against some of the tested strains with MIC values ranging from 0.25 to 64 μg/mL.

  7. Zinc, lead and copper in human teeth measured by induced coupled argon plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chew, L.T.; Bradley, D.A. E-mail: D.A.Bradley@exeter.ac.uk; Mohd, Y.; Jamil, M

    2000-11-15

    Inductively Coupled Argon Plasma Atomic Emission Spectroscopy (ICP-AES) has been used to determine Pb, Zn and Cu levels in 47 exfoliated human teeth (all of which required extraction for orthodontic reasons). Lead concentrations for the group were 1.7 {mu}g (g tooth mass){sup -1} to 40.5 {mu}g (g tooth mass){sup -1}, with a median of 9.8 {mu}g (g tooth mass){sup -1}. A median lead level in excess of the group value was found for the teeth of six lorry drivers who were included in the study. A more significant enhancement was found for the seven subjects whose age was in excess of 60 years. The median values for Zn and Cu were 123.0 and 0.6 {mu}g (g tooth mass){sup -1} respectively. Present values for tooth-Zn are lower than published data for other ethnic groups.

  8. A comparison between PIXE and ICP-AES measurements of metals in aerosol particulate collected in urban and marine sites in Italy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Traversi, R.; Becagli, S. [Department of Chemistry “Ugo Schiff”, University of Florence, Via della Lastruccia 3, I-50019 Sesto F.no, Florence (Italy); Calzolai, G.; Chiari, M.; Giannoni, M. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Florence and I.N.F.N., Florence, Via G. Sansone 1, I-50019 Sesto F.no, Florence (Italy); Lucarelli, F., E-mail: lucarelli@fi.infn.it [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Florence and I.N.F.N., Florence, Via G. Sansone 1, I-50019 Sesto F.no, Florence (Italy); Nava, S. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Florence and I.N.F.N., Florence, Via G. Sansone 1, I-50019 Sesto F.no, Florence (Italy); Rugi, F.; Severi, M.; Udisti, R. [Department of Chemistry “Ugo Schiff”, University of Florence, Via della Lastruccia 3, I-50019 Sesto F.no, Florence (Italy)

    2014-01-01

    PIXE and ICP-AES techniques are largely used in atmospheric aerosol studies. Since PIXE is able to provide the total elemental concentrations, while ICP-AES results depend on the extraction conditions, parallel PIXE and ICP-AES measurements of Fe, Al, Cu, Pb, Mn, Cr, Ni, V, As on PM10 and PM2.5 samples were compared. Two extraction procedures were applied to samples from 5 sites at different anthropization level in Italy: a “weak” extraction (HNO{sub 3} at pH = 1.5) and a “strong” extraction (micro-wave oven in HNO{sub 3} and H{sub 2}O{sub 2} – following EU rules). The amount of the metal extracted in the different conditions resulted to be strongly dependent on the sampling site, on the main sources of the particle (crustal or anthropic) containing the metal and on the sampled size class.

  9. Modelling heterogeneity of concrete using 2D lattice network for concrete fracture and comparison with AE study

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R Vidya Sagar; B K Raghu Prasad

    2009-12-01

    In this paper, numerical modelling of fracture in concrete using two-dimensional lattice model is presented and also a few issues related to lattice modelling technique applicable to concrete fracture are reviewed. A comparison is made with acoustic emission (AE) events with the number of fractured elements. To implement the heterogeneity of the plain concrete, two methods namely, by generating grain structure of the concrete using Fuller’s distribution and the concrete material properties are randomly distributed following Gaussian distribution are used. In the first method, the modelling of the concrete at meso level is carried out following the existing methods available in literature. The shape of the aggregates present in the concrete are assumed as perfect spheres and shape of the same in two-dimensional lattice network is circular. A three-point bend (TPB) specimen is tested in the experiment under crack mouth opening displacement (CMOD) control at a rate of 0·0004 mm/sec and the fracture process in the same TPB specimen is modelled using regular triangular 2D lattice network. Load versus crack mouth opening displacement (CMOD) plots thus obtained by using both the methods are compared with experimental results. It was observed that the number of fractured elements increases near the peak load and beyond the peak load. That is once the crack starts to propagate. AE hits also increase rapidly beyond the peak load. It is compulsory here to mention that although the lattice modelling of concrete fracture used in this present study is very similar to those already available in literature, the present work brings out certain finer details which are not available explicitly in the earlier works.

  10. HIGH-RESOLUTION 25 μM IMAGING OF THE DISKS AROUND HERBIG AE/BE STARS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Honda, M. [Department of Mathematics and Physics, Kanagawa University, 2946 Tsuchiya, Hiratsuka, Kanagawa 259-1293 (Japan); Maaskant, K. [Leiden Observatory, Leiden University, P.O. Box 9513, 2300 RA Leiden (Netherlands); Okamoto, Y. K. [Institute of Astrophysics and Planetary Sciences, Faculty of Science, Ibaraki University, 2-1-1 Bunkyo, Mito, Ibaraki 310-8512 (Japan); Kataza, H. [Department of Infrared Astrophysics, Institute of Space and Astronautical Science, Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency, 3-1-1 Yoshinodai, Sagamihara, Kanagawa 229-8510 (Japan); Yamashita, T. [National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-8588 (Japan); Miyata, T.; Sako, S.; Kamizuka, T. [Institute of Astronomy, School of Science, University of Tokyo, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 181-0015 (Japan); Fujiyoshi, T.; Fujiwara, H. [Subaru Telescope, National Astronomical Observatory of Japan, 650 North A’ohoku Place, Hilo, Hawaii 96720 (United States); Sakon, I.; Onaka, T. [Department of Astronomy, School of Science, University of Tokyo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Mulders, G. D. [Lunar and Planetary Laboratory, The University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ 85721 (United States); Lopez-Rodriguez, E.; Packham, C. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, University of Texas at San Antonio, One UTSA Circle, San Antonio, TX 78249 (United States)

    2015-05-10

    We imaged circumstellar disks around 22 Herbig Ae/Be stars at 25 μm using Subaru/COMICS and Gemini/T-ReCS. Our sample consists of an equal number of objects from each of the two categories defined by Meeus et al.; 11 group I (flaring disk) and II (flat disk) sources. We find that group I sources tend to show more extended emission than group II sources. Previous studies have shown that the continuous disk is difficult to resolve with 8 m class telescopes in the Q band due to the strong emission from the unresolved innermost region of the disk. This indicates that the resolved Q-band sources require a hole or gap in the disk material distribution to suppress the contribution from the innermost region of the disk. As many group I sources are resolved at 25 μm, we suggest that many, but not all, group I Herbig Ae/Be disks have a hole or gap and are (pre-)transitional disks. On the other hand, the unresolved nature of many group II sources at 25 μm supports the idea that group II disks have a continuous flat disk geometry. It has been inferred that group I disks may evolve into group II through the settling of dust grains into the mid-plane of the protoplanetary disk. However, considering the growing evidence for the presence of a hole or gap in the disk of group I sources, such an evolutionary scenario is unlikely. The difference between groups I and II may reflect different evolutionary pathways of protoplanetary disks.

  11. Oral ingestion of transgenic RIDL Ae. aegypti larvae has no negative effect on two predator Toxorhynchites species.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oreenaiza Nordin

    Full Text Available Dengue is the most important mosquito-borne viral disease. No specific treatment or vaccine is currently available; traditional vector control methods can rarely achieve adequate control. Recently, the RIDL (Release of Insect carrying Dominant Lethality approach has been developed, based on the sterile insect technique, in which genetically engineered 'sterile' homozygous RIDL male insects are released to mate wild females; the offspring inherit a copy of the RIDL construct and die. A RIDL strain of the dengue mosquito, Aedes aegypti, OX513A, expresses a fluorescent marker gene for identification (DsRed2 and a protein (tTAV that causes the offspring to die. We examined whether these proteins could adversely affect predators that may feed on the insect. Aedes aegypti is a peri-domestic mosquito that typically breeds in small, rain-water-filled containers and has no specific predators. Toxorhynchites larvae feed on small aquatic organisms and are easily reared in the laboratory where they can be fed exclusively on mosquito larvae. To evaluate the effect of a predator feeding on a diet of RIDL insects, OX513A Ae. aegypti larvae were fed to two different species of Toxorhynchites (Tx. splendens and Tx. amboinensis and effects on life table parameters of all life stages were compared to being fed on wild type larvae. No significant negative effect was observed on any life table parameter studied; this outcome and the benign nature of the expressed proteins (tTAV and DsRed2 indicate that Ae. aegypti OX513A RIDL strain is unlikely to have any adverse effects on predators in the environment.

  12. Line Identifications and Preliminary Synthesis of High-resolution Infrared Spectra of CP and Herbig Ae Stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cowley, Charles R.; Castelli, F.; Hubrig, S.; Wolff, B.; Elkin, V.

    2012-01-01

    We report on surveys of infrared spectra of chemically peculiar and Herbig Ae stars based on CRIRES (Kaufl, et al. SPIE, 5492, 1218 2004). We discuss the magnetic CP stars Gamma Equ and HD 154708, and multiple-phase observations of the Herbig Ae star HD 101412. The Be star HR 4537 and HgMn HR 6620 were also examined. The primary emphasis of the present work is on line identifications primarily in four regions, 1065-1091, 1084-1109,1550-1587, and 2276-2313nm (with order gaps). Observations were reduced with recipes available from the ESO CRIRES data reduction pipeline. Wavelength calibration is determined from daytime ThAr arc lamp exposures. Generally speaking, this is not rich in atomic lines. The strongest features are the Paschen line P6 (1093.81nm), and He I (108.30nm). The latter shows phase variations indicative of a more complex magnetic field than that of a pure dipole. No individual molecular lines were found in these early stars, though CO emission from circumstellar material is likely present in HR 4537 and HD 101412. We used atomic line lists from Kurucz's site (kurucz.harvard.edu) and VALD (http://vald.astro.univie.ac.at/ cf. Kupka et al. 1999, A&AS, 138, 119), supplemented by Outred (J. Phys. Chem. Ref. Data 7, 1, 1978). The following spectra were identified in Gamma Equ: C I, Si I, Ca I, Mg I, II, Cr I, Fe I, Sr II, and Ce III (1584.75nm). The Ap star spectra show broad Zeeman patterns compatible with published models and field strengths. Synthetic calculations used SYNTHE and SYNTHMAG (Piskunov N. E., 1999, in Astrophys. Space Sci. Library Vol. 243, Solar polarization. Kluwer, p 515). The γ Equ model is from Heiter et al. (2002, A&A, 392, 619). and the line list from VALD.

  13. Study on different pre-treatment procedures for metal determination in Orujo spirit samples by ICP-AES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barciela, Julia; Vilar, Manuela; Garcia-Martin, Sagrario [Departamento de Quimica Analitica, Nutricion y Bromatologia, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Campus de Lugo, 27002 Lugo (Spain); Pena, Rosa M. [Departamento de Quimica Analitica, Nutricion y Bromatologia, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Campus de Lugo, 27002 Lugo (Spain)], E-mail: qarosa@lugo.usc.es; Herrero, Carlos [Departamento de Quimica Analitica, Nutricion y Bromatologia, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, Campus de Lugo, 27002 Lugo (Spain)], E-mail: cherrero@lugo.usc.es

    2008-10-17

    In this work several pre-treatment methods were studied for metal (Na, K, Mg, Cu and Ca) determination in Orujo spirit samples using inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). Dilution, digestion, evaporation, and cryogenic desolvatation techniques were comparatively evaluated. Because of their analytical characteristics, digestion and evaporation with nitrogen current were found to be appropriate procedures for the determination of metals in alcoholic spirit samples. Yet, if simplicity and application time are to be considered, the latter-evaporation in a water bath with a nitrogen current-stands out as the optimum procedure for any further determinations in Orujo samples by ICP-AES. Low detection levels and wide linear ranges (sufficient to determine these metals in the samples studied) were achieved for each metal. The recoveries (in the 97.5-100.5% range) and the precision (R.S.D. lower than 5.6%) obtained were also satisfactory. The selected procedure was applied to determine the content of metals in 80 representative Galician Orujo spirit samples with and without a Certified Brand of Origin (CBO) which had been produced using different distillation systems. The metal concentrations ranged between 0.37 and 79.7 mg L{sup -1} for Na,

  14. Nucleic acid amplification of HIV-1 integrase sequence subtypes CRF01_AE and B for development of HIV anti-integrase drug resistance genotyping assay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adlar, F. R.; Bela, B.

    2017-08-01

    To anticipate the potential use of anti-integrase drugs in Indonesia for treatment of HIV-1 infection, the development of a drug resistance genotyping assay for anti-integrase is crucial in identifying the genetic drug resistance profile of Indonesian HIV-1 strains. This experiment aimed to amplify a target region in the integrase gene of Indonesian HIV-1 subtypes CRF01_AE and B that contain genetic mutations known to confer resistance to anti-integrase drug. Eleven archived plasma samples from individuals living with HIV-1 were obtained from the Virology and Cancer Pathobiology Research Center for Health Service (VCPRC FKUI-RSCM) laboratory. One of the plasma samples contained HIV-1 subtype B, and the remaining plasma samples contained subtype CRF01_AE. The target regions for all samples were amplified through RT-PCR, with an annealing temperature of 55 °C, using the primer pair AE_POL 4086F and AE_POL 5232R that were designed by VCPRC FKUI-RSCM. The results of this experiment show that 18.2% (2/11) of the samples were successfully amplified using the one-step RT-PCR. While the primer pair was effective in amplifying the target region in the integrase gene sequence for subtype B (100%; 1/1), it had a low efficacy (10%, 1/10) for subtype CRF01_AE. In conclusion, the primer pair can be used to amplify the target region in Indonesian HIV-1 strain subtypes CRF01_AE and B. However, optimization of the PCR condition and an increased number of samples would help to determine an accurate representation of the efficacy of the primer pair.

  15. Identification of Novel Recombinant Forms of Hepatitis B Virus Generated from Genotypes Ae and G in HIV-1-Positive Japanese Men Who Have Sex with Men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kojima, Yoko; Kawahata, Takuya; Mori, Haruyo; Furubayashi, Keiichi; Taniguchi, Yasushi; Itoda, Ichiro; Komano, Jun

    2015-07-01

    The rare hepatitis B virus (HBV) genotype G (HBV/G) coinfects HIV-1-positive individuals along with HBV/A and generates recombinants. However, the circulation of HBV A/G recombinants remains poorly understood. This molecular epidemiologic study examined HBV A/G recombinants in Japanese HIV-1-positive men who have sex with men (MSM). Initially, blood specimens submitted for confirmatory tests of HIV infection in Osaka and Tokyo, Japan, from 2006 to 2013 were examined for HIV-1, and HIV-1-positive specimens were screened for HBV. Among 817 specimens from HIV-1-positive individuals, HBsAg was detected in 59 specimens; of these, HBV/Ae (alternatively A2), a subgenotype of HBV/A prevalent in Europe and North America, was identified in 70.2%, HBV/C in 17.5%, and HBV/G in 10.5%, and HBV/E in 1.8% according to the core gene sequence. The full-length genome analysis of HBV was performed on HBV/G-positive specimens because some HBV A/G recombinants were historically overlooked by genotyping based on a partial genome analysis. It revealed that five of the specimens contained novel Ae/G recombinants, the core gene of which had a high sequence similarity to HBV/G. Detailed analyses showed that novel recombinants were coinfected with HBV/Ae in a recombinant-dominant fashion. No major drug-resistant mutations were found in the newly identified HBV Ae/G recombinants. Some of the individuals asymptomatically coinfected with HIV/HBV suffered mild liver injury. This study demonstrated that novel Ae/G HBV recombinants were identified in Japanese HIV-1-positive MSM. The pathogenicity of novel HBV Ae/G recombinants should be examined in a future longitudinal study. Surveillance of such viruses in HIV-1-positive individuals should be emphasized.

  16. Dominance of HIV-1 subtype CRF01_AE in sexually acquired cases leads to a new epidemic in Yunnan province of China.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yong Zhang

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Dating back to the first epidemic among injection drug users in 1989, the Yunnan province has had the highest number of human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1 infections in China. However, the molecular epidemiology of HIV-1 in Yunnan has not been fully characterized. METHODS AND FINDINGS: Using immunoassays, we identified 103,015 accumulated cases of HIV-1 infections in Yunnan between 1989 and 2004. We studied 321 patients representing Yunnan's 16 prefectures from four risk groups, 11 ethnic populations, and ten occupations. We identified three major circulating subtypes: C/CRF07_BC/CRF08_BC (53%, CRF01_AE (40.5%, and B (6.5% by analyzing the sequence of p17, which is part of the gag gene. For patients with known risk factors, 90.9% of injection drug users had C/CRF07_BC/CRF08_BC viruses, whereas 85.4% of CRF01_AE infections were acquired through sexual transmission. No distinct segregation of CRF01_AE viruses was found among the Dai ethnic group. Geographically, C/CRF07_BC/CRF08_BC was found throughout the province, while CRF01_AE was largely confined to the prefectures bordering Myanmar. Furthermore, C/CRF07_BC/CRF08_BC viruses were found to consist of a group of viruses, including C, CRF08_BC, CRF07_BC, and new BC recombinants, based on the characterization of their reverse transcriptase genes. CONCLUSIONS: This is the first report of a province-wide HIV-1 molecular epidemiological study in Yunnan. While C/CRF07_BC/CRF08_BC and CRF01_AE are codominant, the discovery of many sexually transmitted CRF01_AE cases is new and suggests that this subtype may lead to a new epidemic in the general Chinese population. We discuss implications of our results for understanding the evolution of the HIV-1 pandemic and for vaccine development.

  17. Detection of mining-induced fractures around a stope in Ezulwini gold mine, South Africa, by using AE events with similar waveforms

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Moriya, H

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available m to 500m across at depths about 1000m from surface where vertical stress is dominant and significantly enhanced. Panels (mining faces) are typically 30m across and 1-2m high. By daily blasting, the panels advance at a rate of about 10m per month... typically, causing stress perturbation and generating cracks. AE monitoring was performed during mining operations, using 6 three-component accelerometers and 24 single-component AE sensors installed in a volume measuring 95 m N–S, 50 m E–W, and 30 m...

  18. Characterization of [{sup 11}C]Lu AE92686 as a PET radioligand for phosphodiesterase 10A in the nonhuman primate brain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yang, Kai-Chun; Stepanov, Vladimir; Amini, Nahid; Martinsson, Stefan; Takano, Akihiro; Halldin, Christer [Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Center for Psychiatric Research, Stockholm (Sweden); Nielsen, Jacob [H. Lundbeck A/S, Synaptic Transmission, Valby (Denmark); Bundgaard, Christoffer; Bang-Andersen, Benny [H. Lundbeck A/S, Discovery Chemistry and DMPK, Valby (Denmark); Grimwood, Sarah [Pfizer Inc., Neuroscience and Pain Research Unit, Cambridge, MA (United States); Farde, Lars [Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Center for Psychiatric Research, Stockholm (Sweden); AstraZeneca PET Science Center at Karolinska Institutet, Personalized Health Care and Biomarkers, Stockholm (Sweden); Finnema, Sjoerd J. [Karolinska Institutet, Karolinska University Hospital, Department of Clinical Neuroscience, Center for Psychiatric Research, Stockholm (Sweden); Yale University, Department of Radiology and Biomedical Imaging, New Haven, CT (United States)

    2017-02-15

    [{sup 11}C]Lu AE92686 is a positron emission tomography (PET) radioligand that has recently been validated for examining phosphodiesterase 10A (PDE10A) in the human striatum. [{sup 11}C]Lu AE92686 has high affinity for PDE10A (IC{sub 50} = 0.39 nM) and may also be suitable for examination of the substantia nigra, a region with low density of PDE10A. Here, we report characterization of regional [{sup 11}C]Lu AE92686 binding to PDE10A in the nonhuman primate (NHP) brain. A total of 11 PET measurements, seven baseline and four following pretreatment with unlabeled Lu AE92686 or the structurally unrelated PDE10A inhibitor MP-10, were performed in five NHPs using a high resolution research tomograph (HRRT). [{sup 11}C]Lu AE92686 binding was quantified using a radiometabolite-corrected arterial input function and compartmental and graphical modeling approaches. Regional time-activity curves were best described with the two-tissue compartment model (2TCM). However, the distribution volume (V{sub T}) values for all regions were obtained by the Logan plot analysis, as reliable cerebellar V{sub T} values could not be derived by the 2TCM. For cerebellum, a proposed reference region, V{sub T} values increased by ∝30 % with increasing PET measurement duration from 63 to 123 min, while V{sub T} values in target regions remained stable. Both pretreatment drugs significantly decreased [{sup 11}C]Lu AE92686 binding in target regions, while no significant effect on cerebellum was observed. Binding potential (BP{sub ND}) values, derived with the simplified reference tissue model (SRTM), were 13-17 in putamen and 3-5 in substantia nigra and correlated well to values from the Logan plot analysis. The method proposed for quantification of [{sup 11}C]Lu AE92686 binding in applied studies in NHP is based on 63 min PET data and SRTM with cerebellum as a reference region. The study supports that [{sup 11}C]Lu AE92686 can be used for PET examinations of PDE10A binding also in substantia

  19. Caraterização composicional do AES - um copolímero de enxertia de poli(estireno-co-acrilonitrila em poli(etileno-co-propileno-co-dieno Compositional characterization of AES a graft copolymer based on poly(styrene-co-acrylonitrile and poly(etyhlene-co-propylene-co-diene

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato Turchet

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho é a caracterização do AES, um copolímero de enxertia de poli(estireno-co-acrilonitrila, SAN, em poli(etileno-co-propileno-co-dieno, EPDM. Para tanto, o AES foi submetido à extração seletiva de seus componentes: o SAN livre, o EDPM livre, e o copolímero de enxertia EPDM-g-SAN. O AES e suas frações foram caracterizados por espectroscopia de infravermelho, análise elementar, calorimetria diferencial de varredura e ressonância magnética nuclear, RMN¹H e RMN13C. O AES analisado apresenta a seguinte composição em massa: 65% de EPDM-g-SAN, 13% de EPDM livre e 22% de SAN livre. O EPDM apresenta 69,8% em massa de etileno, 26,5% em massa de propileno e 4,6% em massa do dieno, 2-etilideno-5-norboneno, ENB. O SAN apresenta razão em massa acrilonitrila/estireno de 28/72 e distribuição randômica de comonômeros de estireno e acrilonitrila. Estes resultados são concordantes com a composição do AES fornecida pelo fabricante, indicando que a metodologia proposta é adequada.This work aims the characterization of AES, a graft copolymer based on poly(styrene-co-acrylonitrile, SAN, and poly(etyhlene-co-propylene-co-diene, EPDM. AES was submitted to selective extraction of its components: free SAN, EPDM chains and the graft copolymer EPDM-g-SAN. AES and its fractions were characterized by infrared spectroscopy, elemental analysis, differential scanning calorimetry, 13C and ¹H nuclear magnetic resonance. The AES has 65 wt % of EPDM-g-SAN, 13 wt % of free EPDM and 22 wt % of free SAN. EPDM has 69.8 wt % of ethylene, 26.5 wt % of propylene and 4.6 wt % of diene, 2-ethylidene-5-norbonene ENB. SAN presents acrylonitrile/styrene mass ratio of 28/72 and a random distribution of acrylonitrile and styrene comonomers. These results are in agreement with the composition reported by the AES supplier, indicating that the proposed methodology is adequate.

  20. Determination of some inorganic metals in edible vegetable oils by inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectroscopy (ICP-AES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Musa Özcan, M.

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Seventeen edible vegetable oils were analyzed spectrometrically for their metal (Cu, Fe, Mn, Co, Cr, Pb, Cd, Ni, and Zn contents. Toxic metals in edible vegetable oils were determined by Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry (ICP-AES. The highest metal concentrations were measured as 0.0850, 0.0352, 0.0220, 0.0040, 0.0010, 0.0074, 0.0045, 0.0254 and 0.2870 mg/kg for copper in almond oil, for iron in corn oil-(c, for manganese in soybean oil, for cobalt in sunflower oil-(b and almond oil, for chromium in almond oil, for lead in virgin olive oil, for cadmium in sunflower oil-(e, for nickel almond oil and for zinc in almond oil respectively. The method for determining toxic metals in edible vegetable oils by using ICP-AES is discussed. The metals were extracted from low quantities of oil (2-3 g with a 10% nitric acid solution. The extracted metal in acid solution can be injected into the ICPAES. The proposed method is simple and allows the metals to be determined in edible vegetable oils with a precision estimated below 10% relative standard deviation (RSD for Cu, 5% for Fe, 15% for Mn, 8% for Co, 10% for Cr, 20% for Pb, 5% for Cd, 16% for Ni and 11% for Zn.En este estudio se analizó espectrométricamente el contenido en metales (Cu, Fe, Mn, Co, Cr, Pb, Cd, Ni, and Zn de 17 aceites vegetales comestibles mediante ICP-AES. Las concentaciones más elevadas se encontraron para el cobre en el aceite de almendra (0.0850 mg/kg, para el hierro en el aceite de maiz(c,(0.0352 mg/kg, para el manganeso en el aceite de soja (0.0220 mg/kg, para el cobalto en el aceite de girasol (b (0.0040 mg/kg, para el cromo en el aceite de almendra (0.0010 mg/kg, para el plomo en el aceite de oliva virgen (0.0074 mg/kg, para el cadmio en el aceite de girasol (e (0.0045 mg/kg, para el niquel en el aceite de almendra (0.0254 mg/kg y para el zincen el aceite de almendra (0.2870 mg/kg. Los metales se extrajeron a partir de bajas cantidades de aceite (2-3 g, con

  1. How we created a targeted teaching tool using blog architecture for anesthesia and critical care education--the A/e anesthesia exchange blog.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saichaie, Kem; Benson, Jocelyn; Kumar, Avinash B

    2014-08-01

    The time constraints on a clinical educator have increased immensely over the past decade. Technology has served to significantly bridge the challenge over the past decade. WHAT WE DID: We created a method of delivering targeted educational content for point of care learning in anesthesia and critical care. Our blog platform allows clinician-educators to deliver content as videopodcasts and presentations to learners in a straightforward and easily accessible manner both on the web and through mobile platforms. The A/e Anesthesia exchange "pushed" content at predetermined time intervals to learners and content was based on timely topics that were clinically relevant to their daily practice. The A/e Blog allowed multiple authors across disciplines to contribute content, thus providing learners potentially access to resources of knowledge from the entire team of clinician-educators at an institution. During the pilot phase of A/e blog implementation, the authors gained valuable insights into the use and limitations of web-based technology as a teaching tool. These included challenges with faculty and student participation, managing techno stress of faculty not fluent with the technology, tailoring content based on analytics data and web platform robustness and spam protection. With these insights in hand, we anticipate the launch of an even more robust A/e: Anesthesia Exchange (version 2.0) by the end of 2013.

  2. Localization and in-vivo characterization of Thapsia garganica CYP76AE2 indicates a role in thapsigargin biosynthesis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Trine Bundgaard; Martinez-Swatson, Karen Agatha; Rasmussen, Silas Anselm

    2017-01-01

    moiety of the anticancer drug mipsagargin, currently in clinical trials. Knowledge of thapsigargin in planta storage and biosynthesis has been limited. Here, we present the putative second step in thapsigargin biosynthesis, by showing that the cytochrome P450 TgCYP76AE2, transiently expressed...

  3. Identifying gaps in flaring Herbig Ae/Be disks using spatially resolved mid-infrared imaging. Are all group I disks transitional?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Maaskant, K.M.; Honda, M.; Waters, L.B.F.M.; Tielens, A.G.G.M.; Dominik, C.; Min, M.; Verhoeff, A.; Meeus, G.; van den Ancker, M.

    2013-01-01

    Context. The evolution of young massive protoplanetary disks toward planetary systems is expected to correspond to structural changes in observational appearance, which includes the formation of gaps and the depletion of dust and gas. Aims. A special group of disks around Herbig Ae/Be stars do not

  4. A study on the main periodicities in interplanetary magnetic field Bz component and geomagnetic AE index during HILDCAA events using wavelet analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souza, A. M.; Echer, E.; Bolzan, M. J. A.; Hajra, R.

    2016-11-01

    The interplanetary and geomagnetic characteristics of High-Intensity Long-Duration Continuous AE Activity (HILDCAA) events are studied using wavelet analysis technique. The Morlet wavelet transform was applied to the 1 min interplanetary magnetic field (IMF) Bz component and the geomagnetic AE index during HILDCAA events. We have analyzed the AE data for the events occurring between 1975 and 2011, and the IMF Bz data (both in GSE and GSM) for the events between 1995 and 2011. We analyzed the scalograms and the global wavelet spectrum of the parameters. For 50% of all HILDCAA events, the main periodicities of the AE index are generally between 4 and 12 h. For the Bz component, the main periodicities were found to be less than 8 h for 56% of times in GSM system and for 54% of times in GSE system. It is conjectured that the periodicities might be associated with the Alfvén waves which have typical periods between 1 and 10 h. The results are discussed in the light of self organized criticality theory where the physical events have the capacity of releasing a considerable amount of energy in a short interval of time.

  5. Study of Randomness in AES Ciphertexts Produced by Randomly Generated S-Boxes and S-Boxes with Various Modulus and Additive Constant Polynomials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Das, Suman; Sadique Uz Zaman, J. K. M.; Ghosh, Ranjan

    2016-06-01

    In Advanced Encryption Standard (AES), the standard S-Box is conventionally generated by using a particular irreducible polynomial {11B} in GF(28) as the modulus and a particular additive constant polynomial {63} in GF(2), though it can be generated by many other polynomials. In this paper, it has been shown that it is possible to generate secured AES S-Boxes by using some other selected modulus and additive polynomials and also can be generated randomly, using a PRNG like BBS. A comparative study has been made on the randomness of corresponding AES ciphertexts generated, using these S-Boxes, by the NIST Test Suite coded for this paper. It has been found that besides using the standard one, other moduli and additive constants are also able to generate equally or better random ciphertexts; the same is true for random S-Boxes also. As these new types of S-Boxes are user-defined, hence unknown, they are able to prevent linear and differential cryptanalysis. Moreover, they act as additional key-inputs to AES, thus increasing the key-space.

  6. Candidate Water Vapor Lines to Locate the H2O Snowline through High-dispersion Spectroscopic Observations. II. The Case of a Herbig Ae Star

    Science.gov (United States)

    Notsu, Shota; Nomura, Hideko; Ishimoto, Daiki; Walsh, Catherine; Honda, Mitsuhiko; Hirota, Tomoya; Millar, T. J.

    2017-02-01

    Observationally measuring the location of the {{{H}}}2{{O}} snowline is crucial for understanding planetesimal and planet formation processes, and the origin of water on Earth. In disks around Herbig Ae stars (T * ∼ 10,000 K, M * ≳ 2.5M ⊙), the position of the {{{H}}}2{{O}} snowline is farther from the central star compared with that around cooler and less massive T Tauri stars. Thus, the {{{H}}}2{{O}} emission line fluxes from the region within the {{{H}}}2{{O}} snowline are expected to be stronger. In this paper, we calculate the chemical composition of a Herbig Ae disk using chemical kinetics. Next, we calculate the {{{H}}}2{{O}} emission line profiles and investigate the properties of candidate water lines across a wide range of wavelengths (from mid-infrared to submillimeter) that can locate the position of the {{{H}}}2{{O}} snowline. Those lines identified have small Einstein A coefficients (∼ {10}-6{--}{10}-3 s‑1) and relatively high upper-state energies (∼1000 K). The total fluxes tend to increase with decreasing wavelengths. We investigate the possibility of future observations (e.g., ALMA, SPICA/SMI-HRS) locating the position of the {{{H}}}2{{O}} snowline. Since the fluxes of those identified lines from Herbig Ae disks are stronger than those from T Tauri disks, the possibility of a successful detection is expected to increase for a Herbig Ae disk.

  7. Patient-reported outcomes (PRO) focused on adverse events (PRO-AEs) in adjuvant and metastatic breast cancer: clinical and translational implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stefanovic, Stefan; Wallwiener, Markus; Karic, Uros; Domschke, Christoph; Katic, Luka; Taran, Florin-Andrei; Pesic, Aleksandra; Hartkopf, Andreas; Hadji, Peyman; Teufel, Martin; Schuetz, Florian; Sohn, Christof; Fasching, Peter; Schneeweiss, Andreas; Brucker, Sara

    2017-02-01

    The capture of adequate treatment outcomes and quality of life (QOL) of advanced breast cancer patients in clinical routine represents a great challenge. Patient-reported outcomes (PROs) are data elements directly reported by patients about experiences with care, including symptoms, functional status, or quality of life. There is growing interest in the medical community for the evaluation and implementation of PROs of adverse events (PRO-AEs). Recent interest in PROs in health care has evolved in the context of patient centeredness. Our primary objective was to identify trials that had implemented PRO-AEs in the breast cancer treatment setting, thereby demonstrating its feasibility. We aimed to identify published studies that used patient reports to assess AEs during and after breast cancer treatment, to identify clinician underreported and modifiable AEs that are important to patients, and to analyze the feasibility and usefulness of PRO instrument implementation in everyday oncological practice with special attention given to electronic-based PRO instruments. We conducted a systematic search of PubMed for studies that used PRO instruments to assess AEs of breast cancer treatment in the metastatic and adjuvant settings. Two authors independently reviewed the search results and decided which studies fully met the predefined inclusion criteria. The search yielded 606 publications. The two reviewers found that 9 studies met the inclusion criteria. Three AEs were identified as important to patients but inadequately reported by health care providers, namely hot flushes, vaginal dryness, and weight gain. PROs and PRO-AEs are the consequence of contemporary concepts of patient-centered medicine and the growing feasibility, utility, and implications of collecting data using modern technology. Furthermore, the willingness of patients to utilize innovative applications for their own health has been increasing in parallel to the enhanced impact of the World Wide Web

  8. Determination of difference of boron content in soybean and its product yuba by ICP - AES%ICP - AES 法测定大豆及其产品腐竹中硼含量

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨大鹏; 刘晶

    2016-01-01

    The boron content in three different kinds of bean and their products yubas were determined by inductively coupled plasma - atomic emission spectrometry (ICP - AES)to research the migration of boron during the process of yubas and the relationship of boron content between different beans and yubas. The results showed that the boron contents were detected in all of the three kinds of beans, and the content was between 18 ~ 24 mg / kg. The boron contents in yubas were different because of the beans,but the mobilitys of boron were independent of the species of bean,were all between 60% ~ 67% .%为了研究腐竹生产过程中硼元素的迁移,通过ICP - AES对三种不同原料豆和对应生产的腐竹中硼含量进行检测,探索不同原料豆与腐竹中硼含量之间的关系。结果表明,三种豆中均含有一定量的硼,范围在18~24 mg / kg之间。腐竹中硼含量随原料豆不同而不同,但其迁移率与原料种类无关,都在60%~67%之间。

  9. Comparative study for essential elements determination in milk products samples by INAA and ICP-AES; Estudo comparativo na determinacao de elementos essenciais em amostras de produtos lacteos por AANI e ICP-AES

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kira, Carmen S. [Instituto Adolfo Lutz, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Secao de Equipamentos Especializados; Maihara, Vera A. [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Lab. de Analise por Ativacao Neutronica

    2002-07-01

    The mineral elements Ca, Fe, K, Mg, Na and Zn were analyzed in milk products by using instrumental neutron activation analysis (INAA) and inductively coupled plasma atomic emission spectrometry (ICP-AES). The study included four types of cheese (mozzarella, minas, prato, parmesan), chocolate milk and yogurt. The samples were purchased from the local markets. Average concentrations ranged from 3668 (chocolate milk) to 16558 (parmesan cheese) mg/kg for Ca; from 2.61 (parmesan cheese) to 28.9 (chocolate milk) mg/kg for Fe; from 673 (mozzarella cheese) to 10492 (chocolate milk) mg/kg for K; from 398 (yogurt) to 2280 (minas cheese) mg/kg for Mg; from 1681 (yogurt) to 15248 (parmesan cheese) mg/kg for Na; from 12.1 (chocolate milk) to 71.8 (parmesan cheese) mg/kg for Zn. Two National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) standard reference materials (SRM 8435 Whole Milk Powder and SRM 1549 Non Fat Milk Powder) were analyzed to verify method accuracy. The statistic test used to determine the significance of the difference between the techniques was based on Unpaired t-Student test. Statistical test revealed no significance differences (P< 0,05) between the average values provided by the two methods for the most of determined elements. (author)

  10. wMel limits zika and chikungunya virus infection in a Singapore Wolbachia-introgressed Ae. aegypti strain, wMel-Sg.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cheong Huat Tan

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Zika (ZIKV and Chikungunya (CHIKV viruses are emerging Aedes-borne viruses that are spreading outside their known geographic range and causing wide-scale epidemics. It has been reported that these viruses can be transmitted efficiently by Ae. aegypti. Recent studies have shown that Ae. aegypti when transinfected with certain Wolbachia strains shows a reduced replication and dissemination of dengue (DENV, Chikungunya (CHIKV, and Yellow Fever (YFV viruses. The aim of this study was to determine whether the wMel strain of Wolbachia introgressed onto a Singapore Ae. aegypti genetic background was able to limit ZIKV and CHIKV infection in the mosquito.Five to seven-day old mosquitoes either infected or uninfected with wMel Wolbachia were orally infected with a Ugandan strain of ZIKV and several outbreak strains of CHIKV. The midgut and salivary glands of each mosquito were sampled at days 6, 9 and 13 days post infectious blood meal to determine midgut infection and salivary glands dissemination rates, respectively. In general, all wild type Ae. aegypti were found to have high ZIKV and CHIKV infections in their midguts and salivary glands, across all sampling days, compared to Wolbachia infected counterparts. Median viral titre for all viruses in Wolbachia infected mosquitoes were significantly lower across all time points when compared to wild type mosquitoes. Most significantly, all but two and one of the wMel infected mosquitoes had no detectable ZIKV and CHIKV, respectively, in their salivary glands at 14 days post-infectious blood meal.Our results showed that wMel limits both ZIKV and CHIKV infection when introgressed into a Singapore Ae. aegypti genetic background. These results also strongly suggest that female Aedes aegypti carrying Wolbachia will have a reduced capacity to transmit ZIKV and CHIKV.

  11. wMel limits zika and chikungunya virus infection in a Singapore Wolbachia-introgressed Ae. aegypti strain, wMel-Sg.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Cheong Huat; Wong, PeiSze Jeslyn; Li, Meizhi Irene; Yang, HuiTing; Ng, Lee Ching; O'Neill, Scott Leslie

    2017-05-01

    Zika (ZIKV) and Chikungunya (CHIKV) viruses are emerging Aedes-borne viruses that are spreading outside their known geographic range and causing wide-scale epidemics. It has been reported that these viruses can be transmitted efficiently by Ae. aegypti. Recent studies have shown that Ae. aegypti when transinfected with certain Wolbachia strains shows a reduced replication and dissemination of dengue (DENV), Chikungunya (CHIKV), and Yellow Fever (YFV) viruses. The aim of this study was to determine whether the wMel strain of Wolbachia introgressed onto a Singapore Ae. aegypti genetic background was able to limit ZIKV and CHIKV infection in the mosquito. Five to seven-day old mosquitoes either infected or uninfected with wMel Wolbachia were orally infected with a Ugandan strain of ZIKV and several outbreak strains of CHIKV. The midgut and salivary glands of each mosquito were sampled at days 6, 9 and 13 days post infectious blood meal to determine midgut infection and salivary glands dissemination rates, respectively. In general, all wild type Ae. aegypti were found to have high ZIKV and CHIKV infections in their midguts and salivary glands, across all sampling days, compared to Wolbachia infected counterparts. Median viral titre for all viruses in Wolbachia infected mosquitoes were significantly lower across all time points when compared to wild type mosquitoes. Most significantly, all but two and one of the wMel infected mosquitoes had no detectable ZIKV and CHIKV, respectively, in their salivary glands at 14 days post-infectious blood meal. Our results showed that wMel limits both ZIKV and CHIKV infection when introgressed into a Singapore Ae. aegypti genetic background. These results also strongly suggest that female Aedes aegypti carrying Wolbachia will have a reduced capacity to transmit ZIKV and CHIKV.

  12. Fracture in Westerly granite under AE feedback and constant strain rate loading: Nucleation, quasi-static propagation, and the transition to unstable fracture propagation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, B.D.; Young, R.P.; Lockner, D.A.

    2006-01-01

    New observations of fracture nucleation are presented from three triaxial compression experiments on intact samples of Westerly granite, using Acoustic Emission (AE) monitoring. By conducting the tests under different loading conditions, the fracture process is demonstrated for quasi-static fracture (under AE Feedback load), a slowly developing unstable fracture (loaded at a 'slow' constant strain rate of 2.5 ?? 10-6/s) and an unstable fracture that develops near instantaneously (loaded at a 'fast' constant strain rate of 5 ?? 10-5/s). By recording a continuous ultrasonic waveform during the critical period of fracture, the entire AE catalogue can be captured and the exact time of fracture defined. Under constant strain loading, three stages are observed: (1) An initial nucleation or stable growth phase at a rate of ??? 1.3 mm/s, (2) a sudden increase to a constant or slowly accelerating propagation speed of ??? 18 mm/s, and (3) unstable, accelerating propagation. In the ??? 100 ms before rupture, the high level of AE activity (as seen on the continuous record) prevented the location of discrete AE events. A lower bound estimate of the average propagation velocity (using the time-to-rupture and the existing fracture length) suggests values of a few m/s. However from a low gain acoustic record, we infer that in the final few ms, the fracture propagation speed increased to 175 m/s. These results demonstrate similarities between fracture nucleation in intact rock and the nucleation of dynamic instabilities in stick slip experiments. It is suggested that the ability to constrain the size of an evolving fracture provides a crucial tool in further understanding the controls on fracture nucleation. ?? Birkha??user Verlag, Basel, 2006.

  13. Effect of food types on competitive interaction between Aedes aegypti (LINNAEUS, 1762 and Ae. albopictus (SKUSE, 1894 (Diptera, Culicidae: a proximate level appraisal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Banerjee Sampa

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Competitive interactions between coexisting Aedes aegypti and Ae. albopictus have been implied as a crucial factor shaping life history traits and population characteristics. The overlap in resource requirements and similarities in the life history strategies of the two Aedes mosquitoes form a basis for competitive interactions. In the present study, the role of the food quality of the larval habitats in influencing the outcome of competition between Ae. aegypti and Ae. albopictus is evaluated to highlight food quality as a basis for asymmetric competitive outcomes. Instar I larvae of the two mosquitoes were reared using conspecifics or heterospecifics of constant size and equal ratio with four different food types: boiled rice, boiled pulses, a mixture of boiled rice and pulses, and fish food. Competitive interactions were evaluated using age at pupation (AP, pupal weight (PW, dry adult weight (AW and wing length (WL with respect to intra- and interspecific competition for the two sexes of each mosquito species. The results show that Ae. albopictus developed faster but achieved a smaller size compared to Ae. aegypti under interspecific competition conditions, the extent of the difference varying significantly with the food type. Given the variety of food resources available in the small container larval habitats, the results of the study imply that food quality may act differentially with respect to larval development and adult body size, depending on the conspecifics or heterospecifics and on the sex of the species concerned. The dominance of one species over the other may also be a consequence of the resource utilization pattern that varies in the larval habitats.

  14. The Disposition on Grinding AE Signal Curve%基于声发射的磨削信号曲线处理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴小玉

    2013-01-01

    The main contents of this paper are the col ection of Acoustic Emission (AE) of grinding and the process of the AE signal. The AE signal data are collected real-time through AE sensor for on-line monitoring of grinding processes based on experiments. A vibrating sensor and DATAQ instruments are used to weaken vibration preliminary and to make the col ection and the preserving of the RMS of AE on PC. The procession and analysis of process curve of each single workpiece in a production line of automotive components based on the elimination-anamnesis recursion method (EARM), which can eliminate the interference and vibration, providing a more effective method for analyzing and processing grinding.%  本文利用声发射传感器对磨削加工过程进行在线实时信号采集,同时使用振动传感器对系统振动进行测量,通过DATAQ仪器进行初步消振处理,并实现声发射信号在PC机上实时采集、保存。对所获得单个加工件加工过程声发射曲线,采用消记忆递推算法进行处理,使曲线光滑规则,为进一步分析处理磨削信号,优化监控磨削过程,提供更有效的工具。

  15. Comparision of results of diferent instrumental methodics (MP-AES, UV-Vis spectrometry) for determination of available forms of soil phosphorus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tonutare, Tonu

    2016-04-01

    The content of easily extractable forms of phosphorus (P) in soils is important as on the environmental viewpoint and also from agronomical side. For determination of plant available P there is several extraction methods developed. Due to big variations in soil properties, it is very complicated to find the best method for P extractions from soil. For determination of P content in extracts during the years Vis-spectroscopy was used as simple and economic method. During the last decade the role of atomic emission spectroscopic (AES) methods started to grow rapidly. The advantage of this method is accuracy and shorter time of analysis. For the plant growth it is important that the content of P is in phosphate form. This can be determined by phosphate-molybdate method Vis spectrometrically. AES method measured total content of P, including P in organic compound and therefore give a overestimated results of plant available P. The aim of our work was to investigate the possibility of the use of MP-AES spectrometry for determination of plant avalable P in soil. In work more than 100 soil samples with very diferent properties were used. For extraction Mehlich 3, acetate-lactate (AL), double lactate (DL) and calcium lactate (CAL) extragents were used. The content of extracted P was determined by molybdatemethod using Vis spectrometer and microplate reader and also the MP-AES (microwave plasma atomic emission spectrometer). The detection limits and limits of quantification for P is calculated. Comparision of analysed by Vis spectroscopy and MP AES P content is provided. Also the influence of soil pH and organic matter content to the results of analysis was reported.

  16. A spectroscopic survey of Herbig Ae/Be stars with X-Shooter II: Accretion diagnostic lines

    CERN Document Server

    Fairlamb, John R; Mendigutia, Ignacio; Ilee, John D; Ancker, Mario E van den

    2016-01-01

    The Herbig Ae/Be stars (HAeBes) allow an exploration of the properties of Pre-Main Sequence(PMS) stars above the low-mass range ($8{\\rm\\thinspace M_{\\odot}}$). This paper is the second in a series exploring accretion in 91 HAeBes with Very Large Telescope/X-shooter spectra. Equivalent width measurements are carried out on 32 different lines, spanning the UV to NIR, in order to obtain their line luminosities. The line luminosities were compared to accretion luminosities, which were determined directly from measurements of an UV-excess. When detected, emission lines always demonstrate a correlation with the accretion luminosity, regardless of detection frequency. The average relationship between accretion luminosity and line luminosity is found to be ${\\thinspace L_{\\rm acc}}\\propto{\\thinspace L_{\\rm line}}^{1.16 \\pm 0.15}$. This is in agreement with the findings in Classical T Tauri stars, although the HAeBe relationship is generally steeper, particularly towards the Herbig Be mass range. Since all observed li...

  17. Latitudinal Responses of F2 Peak Parameters to High-intensity Long-duration Continuous AE Activity (HILDCAA) Events

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spraggs, M. E.

    2015-12-01

    The ionospheric responses to geomagnetic storms form an important part of the space weather study. The ionospheric perturbations may be described as enhancements and depletions compared to the quiet time variations, known as positive and negative phases of the ionospheric storms, respectively. In spite of a significant volume of studies on the ionospheric responses to the geomagnetic storms, understanding of ionospheric storm has not reached a level where it is possible to predict it. Geomagnetic activity may be divided into three categories: substorms, storms of different intensity, and high-intensity long-duration continuous AE activity (HILDCAA) events. This work presents specifically the latitudinal responses of the noontime F region peak parameters (hmF2 and foF2) to HILDCAA events. For this, digisonde data from 51 stations around the world was selected from the Digital Ionogram Data Base (DIDbase) from 2004 to 2012. For the same period 19 HILDCAA events were detected. Preliminary results show a positive effect in the peak parameters of the southern hemisphere and a negative effect in those of the northern hemisphere, suggesting that there is a predominantly northward component of the meridional winds. Additionally, it seems that the events occurring around the summer solstice have meridional wind components that are exclusively northward, while two of the six winter time events have southward components. Wintertime events are also the only ones with a very prominent eastward component of the zonal winds.

  18. Probing the Structure of the Accretion Region in a Sample of Magnetic Herbig Ae/Be Stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pogodin, M. A.; Cahuasqui, J. A.; Drake, N. A.; Hubrig, S.; Schöller, M.; Petr-Gotzens, M.; Franco, G. A. P.; Lopes, D. F.; Kozlova, O. V.; Wolff, B.; González, J. F.; Carroll, T. A.; Mysore, S.

    2015-04-01

    We present the results of a study of the temporal behavior of several diagnostic lines formed in the region of the accretion-disk/star interaction in the three magnetic Herbig Ae stars HD 101412, HD 104237, and HD 190073. More than 100 spectra acquired with the ISAAC, X-shooter, and CRIRES spectrographs installed at the 8-m VLT telescope (ESO, Chile), as well as at other observatories (OHP, Crimean AO) were analyzed. The spectroscopic data were obtained in the He I λ10 830, Paγ, and He I λ5876 lines. We found that the temporal behavior of the diagnostic lines in the spectra of all program stars can be widely explained by a rotational modulation of the line profiles, generated by a local accretion flow. This result is in good agreement with the predictions of the magnetospheric accretion model. For the first time, the rotation period of HD 104237 (Prot = 5.37±0.03 days) as well as the inclination angle (i = 21°±4°) were determined. Additional analysis of the HARPSpol spectra of HD 104237 and HD 190073, taken from the ESO archive, with the use of the SVD method shows that the magnetic field structure of HD 190073 is likely more complex than a simple dipole and contains a circumstellar component. For the first time, the magnetic field of the secondary component of the binary system HD 104237 was also detected ((Bz) = 128±10 G).

  19. Temperaments of young stars: Rapid mass-accretion rate changes in T Tauri and Herbig Ae stars

    CERN Document Server

    Costigan, Gráinne; Scholz, Aleks; Ray, Tom; Testi, Leonardo

    2014-01-01

    Variability in emission lines is a characteristic feature in young stars and can be used as a tool to study the physics of the accretion process. Here we present a study of H{\\alpha} variability in 15 T Tauri and Herbig Ae stars (K7-B2) over a wide range of time windows, from minutes, to hours, to days, and years. We assess the variability using linewidth measurements and the time series of line profiles. All objects show gradual, slow profile changes on time-scales of days. In addition, in three cases there is evidence for rapid variations in H{\\alpha} with typical time-scales of 10 min, which occurs in 10% of the total covered observing time. The mean accretion-rate changes, inferred from the line fluxes,are 0.01-0.07 dex for time-scales of < 1 hour, 0.04-0.4 dex for time-scales of days, and 0.13-0.52 dex for time-scales of years. In Costigan et al. 2012 we derived an upper limit finding that the intermediate (days) variability dominated over longer (years) variability. Here our new results, based on muc...

  20. Suzaku Discovery of Non-thermal X-ray Emission from the Rotating Magnetized White Dwarf, AE Aquarii

    CERN Document Server

    Terada, Yukikatsu; Ishida, Manabu; Mukai, Koji; Dotani, Tadayas u; Okada, Shunsaku; Nakamura, Ryoko; Naik, Sachindra; Bamba, Aya; Makishima, Kazuo

    2007-01-01

    The fast rotating magnetized white dwarf, AE Aquarii, was observed with Suzaku, in October 2005 and October 2006 with exposures of 53.1 and 42.4 ks, respectively. In addition to clear spin modulation in the 0.5--10 keV band of the XIS data at the barycentric period of 33.0769 \\pm 0.0001 s, the 10--30 keV HXD data in the second half of the 2005 observation also showed statistically significant periodic signals at a consistent period. On that occasion, the spin-folded HXD light curve exhibited two sharp spikes separated by about 0.2 cycles in phase, in contrast to approximately sinusoidal profiles observed in energies below about 4 keV. The folded 4--10 keV XIS light curves are understood as a superposition of those two types of pulse profiles. The phase averaged 1.5--10 keV spectra can be reproduced by two thermal components with temperatures of $2.90_{-0.16}^{+0.20}$ keV and $0.53_{-0.13}^{+0.14}$ keV, but the 12-25 keV HXD data show a significant excess above the extrapolated model. This excess can be explai...

  1. PAH emission from Herbig AeBe stars: Do hydrocarbons in proto-planetary disks have a unique aroma?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, Luke; Sloan, Greg

    2008-03-01

    Over half of the intermediate-mass young stellar objects in the Galaxy (e.g. Herbig AeBe stars or HAeBe) have high-contrast emission in the mid-infrared spectral features of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) above the continuum produced by thermal emission from dust in the circumstellar disks. We have examined the PAH emission in detail for a sample of 19 HAeBe stars observed with the Spitzer IRS as part of the IRS Disks GTO program. Even with this relatively small sample, we have identified some trends that, should they survive in a larger sample of HAeBe stars, will allow us to infer large-scale disk geometry (both inner and outer) and the degree of photo-processing of organic molecular material in HAeBe disks. The bottom line of our work thus far is that HAeBe apparently have distinctive PAH spectra among the many other astronomical environments that are characterized by strong PAH emission. We therefore propose to apply our spectral analysis methods to an additional 57 HAeBe observed with the IRS and currently (or soon to be) available in the Spitzer archive. Our total sample of 76 HAeBe stars will allow closer scrutiny of the trends that we have identified in our empirical study and will also be the subject of a detailed disk modeling effort that will include the PAH emission.

  2. PAH Emission from Disks around Intermediate-Mass Stars: The Peculiar Aroma of Hydrocarbons Orbiting Herbig Ae/Be Stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keller, L. D.; Sloan, G. C.

    2009-12-01

    Over half of the intermediate-mass young stellar objects in the Galaxy (e.g. Herbig Ae/Be stars or HAeBe) have high-contrast emission in the mid-infrared spectral features of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs) above the continuum produced by thermal emission from dust in the circumstellar disks. We have examined the PAH emission in detail for 30 HAeBe stars observed with the Spitzer IRS. We have identified some trends that, should they survive in a larger sample of HAeBe stars, will allow us to infer large-scale disk geometry (both inner and outer) and the degree of photo-processing of organic molecular material in HAeBe disks: HAeBe stars apparently have distinctive PAH spectra among the many other astronomical environments that are characterized by strong PAH emission; strong PAH emission is not necessarily an indicator of a particular disk geometry; PAH spectra of HAeBe stars change systematically with stellar effective temperature; PAH in HAeBe disks are ionized. As part of a Spitzer archival project we are applying our spectral analysis methods to an even larger sample of HAeBe stars observed with the IRS and currently available in the Spitzer archive. Here we report preliminary results as we begin the larger study.

  3. Implementation of RSA 2048-bit and AES 256-bit with Digital Signature for Secure Electronic Health Record Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohamad Ali Sadikin

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available This research addresses the implementation of encryption and digital signature technique for electronic health record to prevent cybercrime such as robbery, modification and unauthorised access. In this research, RSA 2048-bit algorithm, AES 256-bit and SHA 256 will be implemented in Java programming language. Secure Electronic Health Record Information (SEHR application design is intended to combine given services, such as confidentiality, integrity, authentication, and nonrepudiation. Cryptography is used to ensure the file records and electronic documents for detailed information on the medical past, present and future forecasts that have been given only to the intended patients. The document will be encrypted using an encryption algorithm based on NIST Standard. In the application, there are two schemes, namely the protection and verification scheme. This research uses black-box testing and whitebox testing to test the software input, output, and code without testing the process and design that occurs in the system.We demonstrated the implementation of cryptography in SEHR. The implementation of encryption and digital signature in this research can prevent archive thievery.

  4. Study on Adsorption Behavior of Rare Earth Complexes on Nanometer-Size Titanium Dioxide with ICP-AES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁沛; 江祖成; 胡斌; 秦永超

    2003-01-01

    A new method of using nanometer TiO2 as solid-phase extractant coupled with ICP-AES was proposed for speciation of rare earth elements. The adsorption behavior of rare earth complexes on nanometer TiO2 was investigated. Effect of pH value, contact time, elution solution and interfering ions on the recovery of the rare earth complexes were studied. A quantitative recovery (>90%) was found in the pH range of 4~9.0 for Eu-citric, 4.5~9.0 for Eu-oxine and Eu-HIBA, and 6.5~9.0 for Eu3+. Eu-EDTA can not be adsorbed in the pH range studied. There is large difference in the adsorption behavior on nanometer TiO2 between rare earth element and its complexes. The possibility of application of nanometer TiO2 on the speciation of rare earth element was explored.

  5. The Activation of Non-evaporable Getters Monitored by AES, XPS, SSIMS and Secondary Electron Yield Measurements

    CERN Document Server

    Scheuerlein, C

    2002-01-01

    In this thesis the potential of the three classical surface analysis techniques Auger electron spectroscopy (AES), X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) and static secondary ion mass spectrometry (SSIMS) for the characterisation of non-evaporable getter (NEG) materials is assessed and artefacts are described. The various NEG samples have been analysed in the context of the development of NEG thin film coatings for use in accelerator ultra high vacuum (UHV) systems. The secondary electron yield (SEY), which is a functional surface property of great importance for the application of NEG to accelerators, has been measured. The maximum SEY of an air exposed TiZr and TiZrV coating can be reduced from above 2.0 to below 1.1 during a 2 h heat treatment at 250 and 200 °C, respectively. Saturating an activated TiZrV surface in UHV increases the maximum SEY by about 0.1. Thus, in UHV the SEY of an activated NEG coating does not exceed the threshold value of 1.35, above which multipacting is predicted to occur in th...

  6. [Analysis of inorganic elements in hydroponic Taraxacum mongolicum grown under different spectrum combinations by ICP-AES].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xiao-li; Morewane, M B; Xue, Xu-zhang; Guo, Wen-zhong; Wang, Li-chun

    2015-02-01

    Dandelion (Taraxacum mongolicum) was hydroponically cultured in a completely enclosed plant factory, in which fluorescence and LED emitting spectra of different bands were used as the sole light source for plant growth. Effects of spectral component on the growth of dandelion were studied and the contents of ten inorganic elements such as K, P, Ca, Mg, Na, Fe, Mn, Zn, Cu and B in dandelion were analyzed by ICP-AES technology. The results showed that: (1) Under the condition of similar photosynthetic active radiation (PAR), single R or combined spectrums of FLRB were beneficial for biomass accumulation, while single B was the contrary; (2) Macroelements content ratio in Taraxacum mongolicum grown under FLwas K:Ca:P:Mg : Na=79.74:32.39:24.32:10.55:1.00, microelements content ratio was Fe:Mn:B:Zn:Cu = 9.28:9.71:3.82:2.08:1.00; (3) Red light (peak at 660 nm) could promote the absorptions of Ca, Fe, Mn, Zn, while absorption of Cu was not closely related to spectral conditions; (4) Thehighest accumulation of Ca, Na, Mn and Zn were obtained in aerial parts of Taraxacum mongolicum plants grown under pure red spectrum R, while the accumulation of the rest six elements reached the highest level under the mixed spectrum FLRB.

  7. Estudio espectroscópico y fotométrico de candidatas a estrellas Herbig AeBe

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giuppone, C. A.; Rodón, J. A.; Yapura, O.; Yaryura, C. Y.

    A photometric study of the candidates to Herbig AeBe stars EM LKHA 108, NGC 6530 151 and NGC 6530 45 from the open cluster NGC 6530 was started. This study is part of a wider effort intended to confirm the membership to this class of these stars. Direct images were taken at Complejo Astronómico El Leoncito with the 215 cm telescope and filters B and V. The reduction to the Johnson UBV system was performed with the noao.imred package of IRAF, while the aperture photometry was accomplished with the digiphot.apphot package. The apparent magnitudes and colors obtained were, for EM LKHA 108: V=14.6, σV=1.1, (B-V)=1.0, σ(B-V)=0.1; for NGC 6530 151: V=11.8, σV=0.1, (B-V)=0.69, σ(B-V)=0.05; and for NGC 6530 45: V=7.2, σV=0.1, (B-V)=1.27, σ(B-V)=0.09. The spectroscopic study could not be performed yet due to technical difficulties in obtaining the spectra.

  8. Oxygen accumulation on metal surfaces investigated by XPS, AES and LEIS, an issue for sputter depth profiling under UHV conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinberger, R.; Celedón, C. E.; Bruckner, B.; Roth, D.; Duchoslav, J.; Arndt, M.; Kürnsteiner, P.; Steck, T.; Faderl, J.; Riener, C. K.; Angeli, G.; Bauer, P.; Stifter, D.

    2017-07-01

    Depth profiling using surface sensitive analysis methods in combination with sputter ion etching is a common procedure for thorough material investigations, where clean surfaces free of any contamination are essential. Hence, surface analytic studies are mostly performed under ultra-high vacuum (UHV) conditions, but the cleanness of such UHV environments is usually overrated. Consequently, the current study highlights the in principle known impact of the residual gas on metal surfaces (Fe, Mg, Al, Cr and Zn) for various surface analytics methods, like X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS), Auger electron spectroscopy (AES) and low-energy ion scattering (LEIS). The investigations with modern, state-of-the-art equipment showed different behaviors for the metal surfaces in UHV during acquisition: (i) no impact for Zn, even after long time, (ii) solely adsorption of oxygen for Fe, slight and slow changes for Cr and (iii) adsorption accompanied by oxide formation for Al and Mg. The efficiency of different counter measures was tested and the acquired knowledge was finally used for ZnMgAl coated steel to obtain accurate depth profiles, which exhibited before serious artifacts when data acquisition was performed in an inconsiderate way.

  9. The study on air pollution with nickel and vanadium in Croatia by using moss biomonitoring and ICP-AES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vučković, Ivana; Špirić, Zdravko; Stafilov, Trajče; Kušan, Vladimir; Bačeva, Katerina

    2013-10-01

    Moss samples were collected from 121 sampling sites all over Croatia during the summer and autumn of 2010. They were totally digested by using microwave digestion system and analysed by using atomic emission spectrometry with inductively coupled plasma (ICP-AES). Descriptive statistics and maps of distribution were made. The data obtained in this study were compared with those from the study in 2006 and additionally with the data obtained in the similar studies in neighbouring countries and Norway as pristine area. The median value of nickel is 3.16 mg kg(-1) and the content varies from 1.04 to 14.66 mg kg(-1). The content of vanadium ranges between 0.23 and 37.26 mg kg(-1) with the median value of 2.55 mg kg(-1). High contents of these elements are found in the vicinity of Rijeka, Zagreb and Sisak as a result of their emission from oil refinery, thermal power plant and industrial processes.

  10. Determinations of the 12C/13C Ratio for the Secondary Stars of AE Aquarii, SS Cygni, and RU Pegasi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harrison, Thomas E.; Marra, Rachel E.

    2017-07-01

    We present new moderate-resolution near-infrared spectroscopy of three CVs obtained using GNIRS on Gemini-North. These spectra covered three 13CO bandheads found in the K-band, allowing us to derive the isotopic abundance ratios for carbon. We find small 12C/13C ratios for all three donor stars. In addition, these three objects show carbon deficits, with AE Aqr being the most extreme ([C/Fe] = -1.4). This result confirms the conjecture that the donor stars in some long-period CVs have undergone considerable nuclear evolution prior to becoming semi-contact binaries. In addition to the results for carbon, we find that the abundance of sodium is enhanced in these three objects, and the secondary stars in both RU Peg and SS Cyg suffer magnesium deficits. Explaining such anomalies appears to require higher mass progenitors than commonly assumed for the donor stars of CVs. Based on observations obtained at the Gemini Observatory, which is operated by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy, Inc., under a cooperative agreement with the NSF on behalf of the Gemini partnership: the National Science Foundation (United States), the National Research Council (Canada), CONICYT (Chile), Ministerio de Ciencia, Tecnología e Innovación Productiva (Argentina), and Ministério da Ciência, Tecnologia e Inovação (Brazil).

  11. Exploring the Physical, Chemical and Thermal Characteristics of a New Potentially Insensitive High Explosive: RX-55-AE-5

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weese, R K; Burnham, A K; Turner, H C; Tran, T D

    2006-06-05

    Current work at the Energetic Materials Center, EMC, at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) includes both understanding properties of old explosives and measuring properties of new ones [1]. The necessity to know and understand the properties of energetic materials is driven by the need to improve performance and enhance stability to various stimuli, such as thermal, friction and impact insult. This review will concentrate on the physical properties of RX-55-AE-5, which is formulated from heterocyclic explosive, 2,6-diamino-3,5-dinitropyrazine-1-oxide, LLM-105, and 2.5% Viton A. Differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) was used to measure a specific heat capacity, C{sub p}, of {approx} 0.950 J/g{center_dot} C and a thermal conductivity, {kappa}, of {approx} 0.475 W/m{center_dot} C. The LLNL kinetics modeling code Kinetics05 and the Advanced Kinetics and Technology Solutions (AKTS) code Thermokinetics were both used to calculate Arrhenius kinetics for decomposition of LLM-105. Both obtained an activation energy barrier E {approx} 180 kJ mol{sup -1} for mass loss in an open pan. Thermal mechanical analysis, TMA, was used to measure the coefficient of thermal expansion (CTE). The CTE for this formulation was calculated to be {approx} 61 {micro}m/m{center_dot} C. Impact, spark, friction are also reported.

  12. Identification of rare HIV-1 Group N, HBV AE, and HTLV-3 strains in rural South Cameroon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodgers, M A; Vallari, A S; Harris, B; Yamaguchi, J; Holzmayer, V; Forberg, K; Berg, M G; Kenmenge, J; Ngansop, C; Awazi, B; Mbanya, D; Kaptue, L; Brennan, C; Cloherty, G; Ndembi, N

    2017-04-01

    Surveillance of emerging viral variants is critical to ensuring that blood screening and diagnostic tests detect all infections regardless of strain or geographic location. In this study, we conducted serological and molecular surveillance to monitor the prevalence and diversity of HIV, HBV, and HTLV in South Cameroon. The prevalence of HIV was 8.53%, HBV was 10.45%, and HTLV was 1.04% amongst study participants. Molecular characterization of 555 HIV-1 specimens identified incredible diversity, including 7 subtypes, 12 CRFs, 6 unclassified, 24 Group O and 2 Group N infections. Amongst 401 HBV sequences were found a rare HBV AE recombinant and two emerging sub-genotype A strains. In addition to HTLV-1 and HTLV-2 strains, sequencing confirmed the fifth known HTLV-3 infection to date. Continued HIV/HBV/HTLV surveillance and vigilance for newly emerging strains in South Cameroon will be essential to ensure diagnostic tests and research stay a step ahead of these rapidly evolving viruses. Copyright © 2017 The Authors. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Probing the Structure of the Accretion Region in a Sample of Magnetic Herbig Ae/Be Stars

    CERN Document Server

    Pogodin, M A; Drake, N A; Hubrig, S; Schoeller, M; Petr-Gotzens, M; Franco, G A P; Lopes, D F; Kozlova, O V; Wolff, B; Gonzalez, J F; Carroll, T A; Mysore, S

    2014-01-01

    We present the results of a study of the temporal behaviour of several diagnostic lines formed in the region of the accretion-disk/star interaction in the three magnetic Herbig Ae stars HD101412, HD104237, and HD190073. More than 100 spectra acquired with the ISAAC, X-shooter, and CRIRES spectrographs installed at the VLT-8m telescope (ESO, Chile), as well as at other observatories (OHP, Crimean AO) were analyzed. The spectroscopic data were obtained in the He I lambda10830, Pa gamma and He I lambda5876 lines. We found that the temporal behaviour of the diagnostic lines in the spectra of all program stars can be widely explained by a rotational modulation of the line profiles generated by a local accretion flow. This result is in good agreement with the predictions of the magnetospheric accretion model. For the first time, the rotation period of HD104237 (P_rot = 5.37+-0.03 days), as well as the inclination angle (i = 21+-4deg) were determined. Additional analysis of the HARPSpol spectra of HD104237 and HD190...

  14. A spectroscopic survey of Herbig Ae/Be stars with X-Shooter - II. Accretion diagnostic lines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fairlamb, J. R.; Oudmaijer, R. D.; Mendigutia, I.; Ilee, J. D.; van den Ancker, M. E.

    2017-02-01

    The Herbig Ae/Be stars (HAeBes) allow an exploration of the properties of pre-main-sequence(PMS) stars above the low-mass range (8 M_{⊙}). This paper is the second in a series exploring accretion in 91 HAeBes with Very Large Telescope/X-shooter spectra. Equivalent width measurements are carried out on 32 different lines, spanning the UV (ultraviolet) to NIR (near infrared), in order to obtain their line luminosities. The line luminosities were compared to accretion luminosities that were determined directly from measurements of a UV excess. When detected, emission lines always demonstrate a correlation with the accretion luminosity, regardless of detection frequency. The average relationship between accretion luminosity and line luminosity is found to be L_acc ∝ L_line1.16 ± 0.15. This is in agreement with the findings in Classical T Tauri stars, although the HAeBe relationship is generally steeper, particularly towards the Herbig Be mass range. Since all observed lines display a correlation with the accretion luminosity, all of them can be used as accretion tracers. This has increased the number of accretion diagnostic lines in HAeBes 10-fold. However, questions still remain on the physical origin of each line, which may not be due to accretion.

  15. Sample introduction systems for the analysis of liquid microsamples by ICP-AES and ICP-MS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Todoli, Jose L. [Departamento de Quimica Analitica, Nutricion y Bromatologia, Universidad de Alicante, 03080 Alicante (Spain)]. E-mail: jose.todoli@ua.es; Mermet, Jean M. [Spectroscopy Forever, 01390 Tramoyes (France)

    2006-03-15

    There are many fields in which the available sample volume is the limiting factor for an elemental analysis. Over the last ten years, sample introduction systems used in plasma spectrometry (i.e., Inductively Coupled Plasma Atomic Emission Spectrometry, ICP-AES, and Mass Spectrometry, ICP-MS) have evolved in order to expand the field of applicability of these techniques to the analysis of micro- and nanosamples. A full understanding of the basic processes occurring throughout the sample introduction system is absolutely necessary to improve analytical performance. The first part of the present review deals with fundamental studies concerning the different phenomena taking place from aerosol production to analyte excitation/ionization when the liquid consumption rate does not exceed 100 {mu}l/min. Existing sample introduction systems are currently far from the ideal and a significant effort has been made to develop new and efficient devices. Different approaches for continuously introducing small sample volumes (i.e., microsamples) have been reviewed and compared in the present work. Finally, applications as well as basic guidelines to select the best sample introduction system according to the sample particularities are given at the end of this review.

  16. De-noising approach for AE signals of plain bearings based on multi-level and multi-position sparse representations%基于多层多位置稀疏的滑动轴承 AE 信号降噪

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张峻宁; 张培林; 陈彦龙; 孙也尊; 杨望灿

    2016-01-01

    Acoustic emission (AE)signals of plain bearings are polluted seriously by noise,this restricts the denoising capacity of the K-means singular value decomposition (K-SVD)dictionary algorithm.Here,a method for de-noising AE signals of plain bearings based on multi-level and multi-position spare representation was proposed considering the characteristics of AE signals.Firstly,AE signals'multi-level and multi-position sparse characteristics were obtained by using the moving ruler strategy to reconstruct AE signals.Thus,the problem that the K-SVD ignored the hidden information among atoms was solved.Secondly,the computing speed of the dictionary algorithm was improved by applying the absolute grey relational degree of B-mode(AGRDB)to reduce the redunancy of atoms.Therefore,compared with the traditional K-SVD algorithm,it was shown that this proposed algorithm has a better denoising performance;moreover,it can preserve the information of local features as well.The examples'results showed that the changes of the friction states of plain bearings are acquired with the proposed algorithm,and the effectiveness of the algorithm is verified.%滑动轴承的声发射(Acoustic Emission,AE)信号噪声污染严重,限制了 K 均值奇异值分解(K-means Sin-gular Value Decomposition,K-SVD)字典算法的降噪能力。基于此,结合 AE 信号特点,提出了基于多层多位置稀疏的滑动轴承 AE 信号降噪算法。首先提出移动标尺策略重构 AE 信号,使信号获得多层多位置的稀疏特性,解决了 K-SVD 容易忽略原子间隐藏信息的问题,然后通过灰色 B 型绝对关联度降低字典原子冗余度,提高字典运算速度。因此,与传统的K-SVD 算法相比,该算法具有更好的降噪性能。应用到实例中,该算法成功获得了滑动轴承不同程度摩擦状态的变化,证明了该算法的有效性。

  17. High prevalence of HIV-1 CRF01_AE viruses among female commercial sex workers residing in Surabaya, Indonesia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomohiro Kotaki

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS cause serious health problems and have an impact on the Indonesian economy. In addition, the rapid epidemic growth of HIV is continuing in Indonesia. Commercial sex plays a significant role in the spread of HIV; therefore, in order to reveal the current HIV prevalence rate among commercial sex workers (CSWs, we conducted an epidemiological study on HIV infection among CSWs residing in Surabaya, the capital of East Java province of Indonesia with large communities of CSWs. METHODOLOGY/PRINCIPAL FINDINGS: The prevalence of HIV infection among 200 CSWs was studied. In addition, the subtype of HIV type 1 (HIV-1 and the prevalence of other blood-borne viruses, hepatitis B virus (HBV, hepatitis C virus (HCV and GB virus C (GBV-C, were studied. The prevalence rates of HIV, hepatitis B core antibody, hepatitis B surface antigen, anti-HCV antibodies and anti-GBV-C antibodies were 11%, 64%, 4%, 0.5% and 0% among CSWs involved in this study, respectively. HIV-1 CRF01_AE viral gene fragments were detected in most HIV-positive samples. In addition, most CSWs showed low awareness of sexually transmitted diseases and had unprotected sex with their clients. CONCLUSIONS/SIGNIFICANCE: The HIV prevalence rate among CSWs was significantly higher than that among the general population in Indonesia (0.2-0.4%. In addition, CSWs were at a high risk of exposure to HBV, although chronic HBV infection was less frequently established. Our results suggest the necessity of efficient prevention programs for HIV and other blood-borne viral infections among CSWs in Surabaya, Indonesia.

  18. ICP-AES法测定不锈钢中铌%Determination of Nb in stainless steel by ICP-AES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    The sample was dissolved in a mixed acid with hydrochloric,nitric and a small amount of hydrofluoric acid,and tartaric acid complexing niobium,boric acid complexing excess fluorine ion. Niobium in stainless steel was determined by ICP⁃AES. According to a thorough condition test,the coexistent elements of stainless steel don′t interfere with the measurement of niobium,so this method doesn′t need a calibration base on matrix matching. The standard samples of stainless steel with Nb were analyzed by the method. The values of RSD are less than 2%,and the relative error is less than 2%,which verifies the precision and accuracy of the method.%  采用盐硝混酸加少量氢氟酸溶解样品,酒石酸络合铌,硼酸络合过量的氟离子,用ICP-AES测定不锈钢中铌。系统的条件试验证明,不锈钢中的共存元素不干扰铌的测定,故校准曲线不必进行基体匹配。通过对标准物质的多次重复测定,方法的相对标准偏差小于2%,相对误差也小于2%,证明方法的精密度和准确度均佳。

  19. High prevalence of HIV-1 CRF01_AE viruses among female commercial sex workers residing in Surabaya, Indonesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kotaki, Tomohiro; Khairunisa, Siti Qamariyah; Sukartiningrum, Septhia Dwi; Arfijanto, M Vitanata; Utsumi, Takako; Normalina, Irine; Handajani, Retno; Widiyanti, Prihartini; Rusli, Musofa; Rahayu, Retno Pudji; Lusida, Maria Inge; Hayashi, Yoshitake; Nasronudin; Kameoka, Masanori

    2013-01-01

    Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) cause serious health problems and have an impact on the Indonesian economy. In addition, the rapid epidemic growth of HIV is continuing in Indonesia. Commercial sex plays a significant role in the spread of HIV; therefore, in order to reveal the current HIV prevalence rate among commercial sex workers (CSWs), we conducted an epidemiological study on HIV infection among CSWs residing in Surabaya, the capital of East Java province of Indonesia with large communities of CSWs. The prevalence of HIV infection among 200 CSWs was studied. In addition, the subtype of HIV type 1 (HIV-1) and the prevalence of other blood-borne viruses, hepatitis B virus (HBV), hepatitis C virus (HCV) and GB virus C (GBV-C), were studied. The prevalence rates of HIV, hepatitis B core antibody, hepatitis B surface antigen, anti-HCV antibodies and anti-GBV-C antibodies were 11%, 64%, 4%, 0.5% and 0% among CSWs involved in this study, respectively. HIV-1 CRF01_AE viral gene fragments were detected in most HIV-positive samples. In addition, most CSWs showed low awareness of sexually transmitted diseases and had unprotected sex with their clients. The HIV prevalence rate among CSWs was significantly higher than that among the general population in Indonesia (0.2-0.4%). In addition, CSWs were at a high risk of exposure to HBV, although chronic HBV infection was less frequently established. Our results suggest the necessity of efficient prevention programs for HIV and other blood-borne viral infections among CSWs in Surabaya, Indonesia.

  20. Fault Diagnosis on Medium Voltage (MV Electric Power Distribution Networks: The Case of the Downstream Network of the AES-SONEL Ngousso Sub-Station

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Tamo Tatietse

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available An analysis of the Medium Voltage (MVelectricity power distribution network operated by Cameroon’s AES-SONEL company shows that losses are very high due to energy which is produced but not distributed and that the duration of power interruptions as a result of these faults is long due to the time used in searching for the faults. Given that quick detection of faults is a sure means of improving availability and productivity in any company, we hereby propose a system of real-time diagnosis of the faults on AES-SONEL’s electric power distribution network. After an inventory of typical faults on electric power networks and the proposal of a tool for their identification, we propose a system for the detection and localization of these various failures. The implementation of the system on a Programmable Logic Controller (PLC enables the performance of the system to be assessed.

  1. Safety, dosimetry and tumor detection ability of 68Ga-NOTA-AE105 - a novel radioligand for uPAR PET imaging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skovgaard, Dorthe; Persson, Morten; Brandt-Larsen, Malene

    2017-01-01

    and 2 hours p.i.). Safety assessment included measurements of vital signs with regular intervals during the imaging sessions and laboratory blood screening tests performed before and after injection. In a subgroup of patients, the in vivo stability of (68)Ga-NOTA-AE105 was determined in collected blood...... and urine. PET images were visually analyzed for visible tumor uptake of (68)Ga-NOTA-AE105 and Standardized Uptake Values (SUVs) were obtained from tumor lesions by manually drawing volumes of interest (VOIs) in the malignant tissue. RESULTS: No adverse events or clinically detectable pharmacologic effects...... were found. The radioligand exhibited good in vivo stability and fast clearance from tissue compartments primarily by renal excretion. The effective dose was 0.015 mSv/MBq leading to a radiation burden of 3 mSv when using the clinical target dose of 200 MBq. In addition, radioligand accumulation...

  2. Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd isotope geochemistry and chronology of cherts from the Onverwacht Group (3.5 AE), South Africa

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weis, D.; Wasserburg, G. J.

    1987-01-01

    An Rb-Sr and Sm-Nd isotopic analysis of Archean chert samples from the Onverwacht Group, South Africa is presented, showing the same characteristic Rb and Sr concentrations as Phanerozoic cherts, with a very large range of Rb-87/Sr-86 ratios. A good correlation line in the Rb-87 to Sr-87 evolution diagram, corresponding to an age of about 2119 My and an initial Sr-87/Sr-86 ratio of about 0.72246, is derived which may be interpreted as reflecting the age of rehomogenization of the Sr in the protolith and the recrystallization of these cherts due to circulating hydrothermal fluids during regional metamorphism about 1.4 AE after deposition of the Onverwacht Group. The Sm-Nd systematics reflect an ancient source age of about 3.5 AE.

  3. Alkanesulfonate degradation by novel strains of Achromobacter xylosoxidans, Tsukamurella wratislaviensis and Rhodococcus sp., and evidence for an ethanesulfonate monooxygenase in A. xylosoxidans strain AE4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erdlenbruch, B N; Kelly, D P; Murrell, J C

    2001-12-01

    Novel isolates of Achromobacter xylosoxidans, Tsukamurella wratislaviensis and a Rhodococcus sp. are described. These grew with short-chain alkanesulfonates as their sole source of carbon and energy. T. wratislaviensis strain SB2 grew well with C(3)-C(6) linear alkanesulfonates, isethionate and taurine, Rhodococcus sp. strain CB1 used C(3)-C(10) linear alkanesulfonates, taurine and cysteate, but neither strain grew with ethanesulfonate. In contrast, A. xylosoxidans strain AE4 grew well with ethanesulfonate, making it the first bacterium to be described which can grow with this compound. It also grew with unsubstituted C(3)-C(5) alkanesulfonates and isethionate. Hydrolysis was excluded as a mechanism for alkanesulfonate metabolism in these strains; and evidence is given for a diversity of uptake and desulfonatase systems. We provide evidence for an initial monooxygenase-dependent desulfonation in the metabolism of ethanesulfonate and propanesulfonate by A. xylosoxidans strain AE4.

  4. XTEM and AES study of the microstructure for high density Co-Cr-Nb-Pt double layered perpendicular magnetic recording media

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Safran, G. E-mail: safran@ait.pref.akita.jp; Ariake, Jun; Honda, Naoki; Ouchi, Kazuhiro; Czigany, Zsolt; Barna, P.B.; Menyhard, M.; Radnoczi, G

    2001-10-01

    A Ti intermediate layer between permalloy and Co-Cr-Nb-Pt storage layer improved the magnetic properties of double layered media. Cr segregation, Ni and Co enrichment was found within the Ti layer by AES. XTEM study revealed reduced crystallite size of Co-Cr-Nb-Pt due to nucleation in an amorphous phase formed as a result of a chemical interaction at the interface of the Ti and permalloy layers.

  5. Molecular detection of HIV-1 subtype B, CRF01_AE, CRF33_01B, and newly emerging recombinant lineages in Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chook, Jack Bee; Ong, Lai Yee; Takebe, Yutaka; Chan, Kok Gan; Choo, Martin; Kamarulzaman, Adeeba; Tee, Kok Keng

    2015-03-01

    A molecular genotyping assay for human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) circulating in Southeast Asia is difficult to design because of the high level of genetic diversity. We developed a multiplex real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay to detect subtype B, CRF01_AE, CRF33_01B, and three newly described circulating recombinant forms, (CRFs) (CRF53_01B, CRF54_01B, and CRF58_01B). A total of 785 reference genomes were used for subtype-specific primers and TaqMan probes design targeting the gag, pol, and env genes. The performance of this assay was compared and evaluated with direct sequencing and phylogenetic analysis. A total of 180 HIV-infected subjects from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia were screened and 171 samples were successfully genotyped, in agreement with the phylogenetic data. The HIV-1 genotype distribution was as follows: subtype B (16.7%); CRF01_AE (52.8%); CRF33_01B (24.4%); CRF53_01B (1.1%); CRF54_01B (0.6%); and CRF01_AE/B unique recombinant forms (4.4%). The overall accuracy of the genotyping assay was over 95.0%, in which the sensitivities for subtype B, CRF01_AE, and CRF33_01B detection were 100%, 100%, and 97.7%, respectively. The specificity of genotyping was 100%, inter-subtype specificities were > 95% and the limit of detection of 10(3) copies/mL for plasma. The newly developed real-time PCR assay offers a rapid and cost-effective alternative for large-scale molecular epidemiological surveillance for HIV-1. © The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

  6. Proteomic profiling of Pseudomonas aeruginosa AES-1R, PAO1 and PA14 reveals potential virulence determinants associated with a transmissible cystic fibrosis-associated strain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hare Nathan J

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pseudomonas aeruginosa is an opportunistic pathogen that is the major cause of morbidity and mortality in patients with cystic fibrosis (CF. While most CF patients are thought to acquire P. aeruginosa from the environment, person-person transmissible strains have been identified in CF clinics worldwide. The molecular basis for transmissibility and colonization of the CF lung remains poorly understood. Results A dual proteomics approach consisting of gel-based and gel-free comparisons were undertaken to analyse protein profiles in a transmissible, early (acute isolate of the Australian epidemic strain 1 (AES-1R, the virulent burns/wound isolate PA14, and the poorly virulent, laboratory-associated strain PAO1. Over 1700 P. aeruginosa proteins were confidently identified. AES-1R protein profiles revealed elevated abundance of proteins associated with virulence and siderophore biosynthesis and acquisition, antibiotic resistance and lipopolysaccharide and fatty acid biosynthesis. The most abundant protein in AES-1R was confirmed as a previously hypothetical protein with sequence similarity to carbohydrate-binding proteins and database search revealed this gene is only found in the CF-associated strain PA2192. The link with CF infection may suggest that transmissible strains have acquired an ability to rapidly interact with host mucosal glycoproteins. Conclusions Our data suggest that AES-1R expresses higher levels of proteins, such as those involved in antibiotic resistance, iron acquisition and virulence that may provide a competitive advantage during early infection in the CF lung. Identification of novel proteins associated with transmissibility and acute infection may aid in deciphering new strategies for intervention to limit P. aeruginosa infections in CF patients.

  7. A Contribution to Secure the Routing Protocol "Greedy Perimeter Stateless Routing" Using a Symmetric Signature-Based AES and MD5 Hash

    CERN Document Server

    Erritali, Mohammed; Ouahidi, Bouabid El; 10.5121/ijdps.2011.2509

    2011-01-01

    This work presents a contribution to secure the routing protocol GPSR (Greedy Perimeter Stateless Routing) for vehicular ad hoc networks, we examine the possible attacks against GPSR and security solutions proposed by different research teams working on ad hoc network security. Then, we propose a solution to secure GPSR packet by adding a digital signature based on symmetric cryptography generated using the AES algorithm and the MD5 hash function more suited to a mobile environment.

  8. ICP-AES 法同时测定钛合金中钽、铌、钨元素含量%Research on Determination of Ta, Nb, W in Titanium Alloy by ICP-AES

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘婷; 黄永红; 白焕焕

    2013-01-01

    The method of determination Ta , Nb, W elements in titanium alloy by ICP-AES was introduced .The best apparatus working parameters were selected firstly , exciting power was 1 300 W, atomizer flow was 0.7 L· min -1 and the times for integral was twice .The optimum analytical lines of Ta , Nb, W were found out by the analysis , and they were 240.063, 269.706, 207.912 nm, respectively.Besides, The internal correction method was used to check the testing results of the samples which the content of Nb exceed 3%.The recovery and precision tests were also per-formed, the determination recovery could reach 99%~102% and relative standard deviation ( RSD) was less than 2.3%, so this method could meet the requirements of daily testing .%介绍了采用ICP-AES法同时测定钛合金中Ta、 Nb、 W元素含量的方法。首先确定了仪器部分工作参数的最佳值,其中激发功率1300 W、雾化器流量0.7 L· min-1、积分次数2次。然后通过对基体、合金元素以及测定元素光谱间的干扰分析研究,确定了Ta、 Nb、 W元素最佳分析谱线的位置,依次为240.063、269.706、207.912 nm。此外,采用内标法对Nb质量分数大于3%的样品的测试结果进行了校正。试样加标回收试验及精密度试验表明采用上述方法可使回收率在99%~102%之间,相对标准偏差小于2.3%,能够满足日常生产的检测要求。

  9. 针对AES密码算法FPGA实现的CEMA攻击%Correlation electromagnetic analysis against AES cryptographic on implementations of FPGA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段二朋; 严迎建; 李佩之

    2012-01-01

    The mechanism of the electromagnetic (EM) information leakage of the cipher chip and the capturing of the near field EM signal is analyzed, a EMA platform is designed, the method of correlation electromagnetic analysis (CEMA) are studied, then the experiment of the attack on the advanced encryption standard (AES) on implementations of field programmable gate array (FPGA) is implemented. The result shows that, the platform could capture the EM information leakage; the method of correlation electromagnetic analysis CEMA could obtain the right key of AES.%通过分析密码芯片的电磁信息泄漏和近场采集原理,构建了电磁信息采集平台,并研究了相关性电磁分析攻击方法,对基于现场可编程门阵列(FPGA)实现的高级加密标准(AES)密码算法进行了近场相关性电磁分析(CEMA)攻击.攻击结果表明,该平台能够获取密码芯片工作时的电磁信息泄漏;相关性电磁分析攻击方法能够获得正确密钥.

  10. Analysis of valence XPS and AES of (PP, P4VP, PVME, PPS, PTFE) polymers by DFT calculations using the model molecules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Endo, Kazunaka; Shimada, Shingo; Kato, Nobuhiko; Ida, Tomonori

    2016-10-01

    We simulated valence X-ray photoelectron spectra (VXPS) of five [(CH2CH(CH3))n {poly(propyrene) PP}, ((CH2CH(C5NH4))n {poly(4-vinyl-pyridine) P4VP}, (CH2CHO(CH3))n {poly(vinyl methyl ether) PVME}, (C6H4S)n {poly(phenylene) sulphide PPS}, (CF2CF2)n {poly(tetrafluoroethylene) PTFE}] polymers by density-functional theory (DFT) calculations using the model oligomers. The spectra reflect the differences in the chemical structures between each polymer, since the peak intensities of valence band spectra are seen to be due to photo-ionization cross-section of (C, N, O, S, F) atoms by considering the orbital energies and cross-section values of the polymer models, individually. In the Auger electron spectra (AES) simulations, theoretical kinetic energies of the AES are obtained with our modified calculation method. The modified kinetic energies correspond to two final-state holes at the ground state and at the transition-state in DFT calculations, respectively. Experimental peaks of (C, N, O)- KVV, and S L2,3VV AES for each polymer are discussed in detail by our modified calculation method.

  11. Short Communication Phylogenetic Characterization of HIV Type 1 CRF01_AE V3 Envelope Sequences in Pregnant Women in Northern Vietnam

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caridha, Rozina; Ha, Tran Thi Thanh; Gaseitsiwe, Simani; Hung, Pham Viet; Anh, Nguyen Mai; Bao, Nguyen Huy; Khang, Dinh Duy; Hien, Nguyen Tran; Cam, Phung Dac; Chiodi, Francesca

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Characterization of HIV-1 strains is important for surveillance of the HIV-1 epidemic. In Vietnam HIV-1-infected pregnant women often fail to receive the care they are entitled to. Here, we analyzed phylogenetically HIV-1 env sequences from 37 HIV-1-infected pregnant women from Ha Noi (n=22) and Hai Phong (n=15), where they delivered in 2005–2007. All carried CRF01_AE in the gp120 V3 region. In 21 women CRF01_AE was also found in the reverse transcriptase gene. We compared their env gp120 V3 sequences phylogenetically in a maximum likelihood tree to those of 198 other CRF01_AE sequences in Vietnam and 229 from neighboring countries, predominantly Thailand, from the HIV-1 database. Altogether 464 sequences were analyzed. All but one of the maternal sequences colocalized with sequences from northern Vietnam. The maternal sequences had evolved the least when compared to sequences collected in Ha Noi in 2002, as shown by analysis of synonymous and nonsynonymous changes, than to other Vietnamese sequences collected earlier and/or elsewhere. Since the HIV-1 epidemic in women in Vietnam may still be underestimated, characterization of HIV-1 in pregnant women is important to observe how HIV-1 has evolved and follow its molecular epidemiology. PMID:21936713

  12. Short communication: phylogenetic characterization of HIV type 1 CRF01_AE V3 envelope sequences in pregnant women in Northern Vietnam.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caridha, Rozina; Ha, Tran Thi Thanh; Gaseitsiwe, Simani; Hung, Pham Viet; Anh, Nguyen Mai; Bao, Nguyen Huy; Khang, Dinh Duy; Hien, Nguyen Tran; Cam, Phung Dac; Chiodi, Francesca; Ehrnst, Anneka

    2012-08-01

    Characterization of HIV-1 strains is important for surveillance of the HIV-1 epidemic. In Vietnam HIV-1-infected pregnant women often fail to receive the care they are entitled to. Here, we analyzed phylogenetically HIV-1 env sequences from 37 HIV-1-infected pregnant women from Ha Noi (n=22) and Hai Phong (n=15), where they delivered in 2005-2007. All carried CRF01_AE in the gp120 V3 region. In 21 women CRF01_AE was also found in the reverse transcriptase gene. We compared their env gp120 V3 sequences phylogenetically in a maximum likelihood tree to those of 198 other CRF01_AE sequences in Vietnam and 229 from neighboring countries, predominantly Thailand, from the HIV-1 database. Altogether 464 sequences were analyzed. All but one of the maternal sequences colocalized with sequences from northern Vietnam. The maternal sequences had evolved the least when compared to sequences collected in Ha Noi in 2002, as shown by analysis of synonymous and nonsynonymous changes, than to other Vietnamese sequences collected earlier and/or elsewhere. Since the HIV-1 epidemic in women in Vietnam may still be underestimated, characterization of HIV-1 in pregnant women is important to observe how HIV-1 has evolved and follow its molecular epidemiology.

  13. STATISTICAL ANALYSES OF AE DATA FROM AIRCRAFT%机体结构AE信号的统计分析研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张凤林; 韩维; 胡国才; 李子尚

    2001-01-01

    对机体结构声发射数据的表征参数进行分析,建立了数据处理的统计模型,并运用该模型分析了某型飞机全机疲劳试验和某现役飞机随机机载声发射监测数据,提出了结构损伤判据,可供实际应用。%AE technique can be used to monitor the formation and development of fatigue cracks in steel structure dynamically and continuously. In this paper, a mathematical statistical model is established by analyzing characteristic parameters of AE data from aircraft. By using it, the authors make a study of AE data from an aircraft during its fatigue test and a fighter structure during its flight. On this basis, a practical damage standard is advanced, which can be applied to judge whether cracks are being formed or developed in an aircraft under given probability. At the end of the paper, the research orientations are given to the establishment of a more general standard.

  14. ALIGNMENT BETWEEN THE TYPES OF PROJECTS AND SKILLS PROJECT MANAGEMENT IN THE AES SUL DISTRIBUIDORA GAÚCHA DE ENERGIA S.A

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Greice de Bem Noro

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The pursuit of excellence and new markets and customers has driven companies to build methods to reach goals and improve their strategies and competitive advantages. Therefore, the project management (PM has played a key role in the organizations to adjust deadlines, organizing methods and decision-making. Although many companies already use the PM as resource, this research attempt to contribute to increase the area trough the debate about alignment of companies projects types with the choice of the leader, in line with their skills. The study was developed in the AES Sul Distribuidora Gaúcha de Energia SA (AES Sul and examined how the alignment of the types of projects and management competencies can add value to the organization. The methodological procedure is classified as qualitative, quantitative and descriptive, conducted through a case study. The main results show the need for adjustments between the essential skills and AES Sul types of projects, beyond find some gaps regarding the leaders competencies.

  15. The brominated flame retardants TBP-AE and TBP-DBPE antagonize the chicken androgen receptor and act as potential endocrine disrupters in chicken LMH cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asnake, Solomon; Pradhan, Ajay; Kharlyngdoh, Joubert Banjop; Modig, Carina; Olsson, Per-Erik

    2015-12-01

    Increased exposure of birds to endocrine disrupting compounds has resulted in developmental and reproductive dysfunctions. We have recently identified the flame retardants, allyl-2,4,6-tribromophenyl ether (TBP-AE), 2-3-dibromopropyl-2,4,6-tribromophenyl ether (TBP-DBPE) and the TBP-DBPE metabolite 2-bromoallyl-2,4,6-tribromophenyl ether (TBP-BAE) as antagonists to both the human androgen receptor (AR) and the zebrafish AR. In the present study, we aimed at determining whether these compounds also interact with the chicken AR. In silico modeling studies showed that TBP-AE, TBP-BAE and TBP-DBPE were able to dock into to the chicken AR ligand-binding pocket. In vitro transfection assays revealed that all three brominated compounds acted as chicken AR antagonists, inhibiting testosterone induced AR activation. In addition, qRT-PCR studies confirmed that they act as AR antagonists and demonstrated that they also alter gene expression patterns of apoptotic, anti-apoptotic, drug metabolizing and amino acid transporter genes. These studies, using chicken LMH cells, suggest that TBP-AE, TBP-BAE and TBP-DBPE are potential endocrine disrupters in chicken.

  16. Characterization of the extremely arsenic-resistant Brevibacterium linens strain AE038-8 isolated from contaminated groundwater in Tucumán, Argentina

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maizel, Daniela; Blum, Jodi S.; Ferrero, Marcela A.; Utturkar, Sagar M.; Brown, Steven D.; Rosen, Barry P.; Oremland, Ronald S.

    2015-01-01

    Brevibacterium linens AE038-8, isolated from As-contaminated groundwater in Tucumán (Argentina), is highly resistant to arsenic oxyanions, being able to tolerate up to 1 M As(V) and 75 mM As(III) in a complex medium. Strain AE038-8 was also able to reduce As(V) to As(III) when grown in complex medium but paradoxically it could not do this in a defined minimal medium with sodium acetate and ammonium sulfate as carbon and nitrogen sources, respectively. No oxidation of As(III) to As(V) was observed under any conditions. Three copies of the ars operon comprising arsenic resistance genes were found on B. linens AE038-8 genome. In addition to the well known arsC, ACR3 andarsR, two copies of the arsO gene of unknown function were detected.

  17. A High-Throughput Hardware Implementation of XTS-AES Encryption Algorithm%高吞吐率XTS-AES加密算法的硬件实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李子磊; 刘政林; 霍文捷; 邹雪城

    2011-01-01

    This paper proposes a new hardware implementation method for XTS-AES Algorithm that has a full parallel pipelined structure. The proposal scheme increases throughput by unrolling the data path. Meanwhile, it also improves the circuit clock frequency and overall performance by using inner pipelined structure to optimize the critical path. Compared with the currently known highest throughput XTS-AES implementation, the new XTS-AES module increases the throughput by 52. 28% in UMC 90 nm CMOS technology. The result indicates that this hardware module fully meets the need of high-speed encrypted storage at present.%基于XTS-AES算法提出了一种具有并行全流水结构的硬件实现方法.设计通过展开数据通路的方式,提高了吞吐率;同时还通过采用内部流水线结构优化关键路径的方式,提高了电路的时钟频率和整体工作性能.在UMC 90 nm CMOS工艺条件下,所设计的XTS-AES模块的吞吐率比目前已知XTS-AES的最高吞吐率提高了52.28%.分析结果表明,该硬件模块完全满足现阶段高速加密存储的需要.

  18. Distal renal tubular acidosis in Filipino children, caused by mutations of the anion-exchanger SLC4A1 (AE1, Band 3) gene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anacleto, Francisco E; Bruce, Lesley J; Clayton, Peter; Hegde, Shivram; Resontoc, Lourdes P; Wrong, Oliver

    2010-01-01

    To describe the clinical features and genetic basis of distal renal tubular acidosis (dRTA) in Filipino children. Clinical description and gene analysis of affected members of 7 families. In all affected children, the disease was associated with mutations of the SLC4A1 gene that codes for the bicarbonate/chloride anion-exchanger 1 (AE1, band 3) protein situated in the red cell membrane and the alpha-intercalated (proton-secreting) cell of the renal collecting duct. In 2 families, affected children were homozygous for a substitution of aspartic acid for glycine in residue 701 of the AE1 protein (G701D); in the other 5 families, affected children were compound heterozygotes of this mutation with the AE1 mutation (Delta400-408) that causes Southeast Asian ovalocytosis (SAO). All affected children had morphological red cell changes that closely resembled SAO, including the children who were homozygous for G701D and did not have the SAO mutation. Homozygous G701D thus produces morphological red cell changes that are not readily distinguishable from SAO. The parents of all 7 families were originally domiciled in the islands of the Visayas group in the central part of the Philippine archipelago. Recessive renal tubular acidosis in Filipinos is usually caused by SLC4A1 mutations, commonly G701D. 2010 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  19. PROMENE MAKSIMALNOG POTENCIJALA SNAGE NA FLEKSORE ZGLOBA LAKTA POSLE ŠEST NEDELJNOG PROGRAMIRANOG VEŽBANJA SA MATRIKS METODOM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Vuksanović

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available This particular research is analyzing the changes of the maximal muscle power in the elbow joint, as well as the anthropometrical measures and biomechanical variable. The program for exercising performed in this research has a longitudinal character with duration of 6 weeks and two check points. This program was performed on 17 adolescents. Participant had a task do power exercises on Scot’s bench, with individual weights using the matrix method (modified amplitude of movement The analyses and result from the statistical operation (ANOVA’S/MANOVA’S have shown positive changes at the participant’s maximal power (22,4%, also at the tested angular speed (70,1% as well as it has shown decreasing of the local body fat of the involved arm for 16,6% after six weeks of program. The results are in favor of the program for transformation of motorics capabilities and they are directly focused of modification of power component.

  20. Karakteristike vozila u drumskom saobraćaju EZ, EFTA i SFRJ do i posle 1992. g.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milan Janić

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the most important technical and utilization related characteristics of heavy motor vehicles, whose intensive introduction in transport services among the EC, EFTA and Yugoslavia is expected after the year 1992. Particular reference has been drawn to a series of institution limitations affecting the features of uti1ization/operation, service level and characteristics of' operation of heavy motor vehicles.