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Sample records for aerobacter

  1. Mineral nutrition of Aerobacter aerogenes for valine production in a synthetic medium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mukhopadhyay, A K; Majumdar, S K

    1985-01-01

    The effect of a number of mineral salts, like dipotassium hydrogen phosphate, magnesium sulphate, and sodium chloride, and of some trace elements including iron, copper, cobalt, nickel, molybdenum, and calcium, on the production of valine by Aerobacter aerogenes in a synthetic medium was investigated. It was found that all the mineral salts were necessary for valine formation. Among the trace elements, iron and molybdenum were found to be necessary in minute concentrations for the optimum yield of the amino acid, while all the others had an adverse effect on valine production, even at lower levels.

  2. Biodegradation of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane: intermediates in dichlorodiphenylacetic acid metabolism by aerobacter aerogenes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wedemeyer, Gary

    1967-01-01

    The final product of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) degradation by vertebrates is commonly considered to be dichlorodiphenylacetic acid, DDA. Recently, certain organisms have been found to degrade further DDA to dichlorobenzophenone (DBP), but the possibility that such degradation was due to microbial action could not be excluded. Significantly, dichlorobenzhydrol (DBH), dichlorophenylmethane (DPM), and dichlorodiphenylethylene (DDE) have been tentatively identified in rats fed DDA. Since DDA as well as DDT is degraded by the ubiquitous microorganism Aerobacter aerogenes, it seemed reasonable that the intestinal microflora might be involved in DBP formation, DPM and DBH being intermediates in its pathway from DDA. Since DDA is a (3,y-unsaturated acid, ketone formation via an alkene and an alcohol would be expected.

  3. Biodegradation of ichlorodiphenyltrichloroe-thane: Intermediates in dichlorodiphenylacetic acid metabolism by Aerobacter aerogenes

    Science.gov (United States)

    1967-01-01

    The final product of dichlorodiphenyltrichloroethane (DDT) degradation by vertebrates is commonly considered to be dichlorodiphenylacetic acid, DDA (J. E. Peterson and W. H. Robison, Toxicol. Appl. Pharmacol. 6:321, 1964). Recently, certain organisms (A. S. Perry, S. Miller, and A. J. Buckner. J. Agr. Food Chem. 11:457, 1963; J. D. Pinto, M. N. Comien, and M. S. Dunn. J. Biol. Chem. 240:2148, 1965) have been found to degrade further DDA to dichlorobenzophenone (DBP), but the possibility that such degradation was due to microbial action could not be excluded. Significantly, dichlorobenzhydrol (DBH), dichlorophenylmethane (DPM), and dichlorodiphenylethylene (DDE) have been tentatively identified in rats fed DDA (Pinto et al., J. Biol. Chem. 240:2148, 1965). Since DDA as well as DDT is degraded by the ubiquitous microorganism Aerobacter aerogenes (G. Wedemeyer, Appl. Microbiol. 15:569, 1967; J. L. Mendel, and M. S. Walton, Science 151:1527, 1966), it seemed reasonable that the intestinal microflora might be involved in DBP formation, DPM and DBH being intermediates in its pathway from DDA. Since DDA is a (3,y-unsaturated acid, ketone formation via an alkene and an alcohol would be expected (S. G. Waley, Mechanisms of Organic and Enzymatic Reactions, Oxford University Press, London, England 1962).

  4. Meningite por aerobacter em recém-nascido de quatro dias

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    Pedro Refinetti

    1949-09-01

    Full Text Available No presente trabalho, foi apresentado um caso de meningite por bactéria do gênero Aerobacter, em recém-nascido com quatro dias de vida. Foi difícil o diagnóstico baseado ùnicamente em dados clínicos, em virtude da precariedade sintomatológica. A punção lombar, no entanto, forneceu liqüido purulento. Com a terapêutica instituída — estreptomicina por via intramuscular, raqueana e ventricular, associada à sulfadiazina — a moléstia protelou-se por 17 dias, surgindo, como intercorrência, uma pioventriculite por bloqueio ventrículo-lombar e morte subseqüente a grande dilatação ventricular. Apesar de não ter sido obtida a cura clínica, a associação medicamentosa demonstrou interferir no curso da doença. O seu efeito benéfico comprovou-se pela prolongada evolução clínica, pela negativação dos exames bacteriológicos, e pela grande melhoria do líqüido lombar septado. À necrópsia, os exames histopatológico e bacterioscópico do pus retirado do ventrículo vieram confirmar objetivamente que o processo evoluiu para a cronicidade.

  5. Screening isoamylase high-production strsin from Aerobacter aerogenes%产气气杆菌异淀粉酶高产菌株的选育

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    管斌; 高艳艳; 孔青; 毛相朝; 杨莹莹; 游泳; 张睿钦

    2011-01-01

    Using Aerobacter aerogenes as the original strain, mutagenesis was taken by application of complex of UV and EMS. The mutant strain UV2-10-6 had high and stable enzyme production was obtained from many mutants. The enzyme activity increased from 2.9592U/ml to 14.82U/ml,which was 4 times as from original strain. A new efficient starch-hydrolysis enzyme screening method was investigated, which made a good foundation for medium optimization.%该文以产气气杆菌为出发菌株,经紫外线和甲基磺酸乙酯(EMS)复合诱变,从大量突变株中筛选出一株产酶稳定且酶活较高的菌株UV2-10-6,酶活由最初的2.9592U/mL提高为14.82U/mL,提高了4倍.并探讨了一种高效的异淀粉酶产生菌的选育方法,为下一步培养基优化打下基础.

  6. Isolamento de Aerobacter (Campylobacter cryaerophila de fetos suínos abortados Isolation of Aerobacter (Campylobacter cryaerophila from aborted pig fetuses

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    Sérgio José de Oliveira

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available Foram examinados 6 fetos suínos abortados no terço final da gestação, provenientes de duas granjas do Rio Grande do Sul, Brasil. Os órgãos internos (rim e fígado de cada feto foram inoculados em meio semi-sólido de Tween 80/40 LH, visando o isolamento de leptospiras. Os tubos foram incubados a 30°C. Foi isolado de todos os materiais um microorganismo, classificado como Arcobacter cryaerophila. Estes foram os primeiros isolamentos desta bactéria no Brasil.Samples of liver and kidney from aborted pig fetuses from two different farms were examined. Samples were cultured in semi-solid leptospira isolation media and incubated at 30°C. Arcobacter cryaerophila was isolated from all the specimens. These were the first reports on the isolation of the microorganism from pigs in Brazil.

  7. Antibacterial activity of halophilic bacterial bionts from marine invertebrates of Mandapam-India

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    Sheryanne Velho-Pereira

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Marine ecosystem and its organisms, particularly the invertebrates are recent targets of bioprospecting and mining for a large group of structurally unique natural products encompassing a wide variety of chemical classes such as terpenes, polyketides, acetogenins, peptides and alkaloids of varying structures, having pronounced pharmacological activities. In view of the limited reports on the antibacterials produced by bacteria, isolated from marine sponges, corals and bivalves of Indian origin, the present study is aimed at investigating the antagonistic activities of 100 heterotrophic, halophilic bacterial bionts isolated from 9 sponges, 5 corals and one bivalve. Culture broths of 46 of these bionts were active against human pathogenic bacteria namely Staphylococcus citreus, Proteus vulgaris, Serratio marcesans, Salmonella typhi, Aerobacter aerogenes and Escherichia coli. Further, the ethyl acetate extracts of cell free supernatant confirmed the presence of extracellular bioactive factor, by agar cup diffusion method. Interestingly, highest number of bionts having activity was isolated from corals followed by sponges and bivalve. The study clearly demonstrates that bacterial bionts of marine invertebrates are a rich source of bioactive secondary metabolites against human bacterial pathogens.

  8. Growth of Entamoeba invadens in sediments with metabolically repressed bacteria leads to multicellularity and redefinition of the amoebic cell system.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niculescu, Vladimir F

    2013-01-01

    Extracellular signaling and mechanisms of cell differentiation in Entamoeba are misunderstood. The main reason is the popular use of axenic media, which do not correspond to the natural habitats of Entamoeba. The axenic environment lacks the exogenous activators and repressors provided by natural habitats. Absent bacterial commensals understanding of the development of the amoebic cell system remains deficient. The present Aa(Sm) culture method using mixed sediments of antibiotically repressed Aerobacter aerogens and amoebae was developed to model in vitro extracellular signaling that induce multicellularity in cultures of E. invadens. Repressed oxygen consuming sediment bacteria supply E. invadens the hypoxic environment needed for differentiation and development. The amoebae themselves alter the environment by consuming the bacteria by phagocytosis thus reversing hypoxia. Exogenous activators are in this manner down regulated and suppressed. This feedback effect controls amoebic development and differentiation. Co-existing cell types and cell fractions with different life spans and cell cycle length could be identified. Aa(Sm) long term cultures contain continuous and non-continuous self renewing cell lines producing quiescent and terminally differentiated daughter cells (precysts) by asymmetric division. This culturing method helps to understand the intimate relationship between hypoxic environments and the multicellular behaviour of E. invadens and the interrelations existing between the distinct cell types.

  9. The deconjugation ability of bacteria isolated from the jejunal fluids in the blind loop syndrome with high sup 14 CO sub 2 excretion. Using the breath analysis technique and thin-layer chromatography

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    Shindo, K.; Yamazaki, R.; Mizuno, T.; Shionoiri, H.; Sugiyama, M. (Yokohama City Univ. School of Medicine, (Japan))

    1989-01-01

    Five patients with blind loop syndrome (Billroth II) were examined by measuring {sup 14}CO{sub 2} specific activity of expired breath samples taken at intervals after a meal containing glycine-1-{sup 14}C cholate. The 5 patients tested showed a marked increase of {sup 14}CO{sub 2} specific activity. Furthermore, the ability of deconjugation of bacteria isolated from the jejunal fluids in the efferent loop of these patients was tested by thin-layer chromatography. The bacterial species identified from the samples were as follows: enterococcus, Lactobacillus buchneri, L. bifidus, L. brevis, Eubacterium lentum, Bacteroides vulgaricus, B. filamentosum, Corynebacterium granulosum, Escherichia coli, Staphylococcus epidermidis, and Aerobacter aerogenes. These species of bacteria, except E. coli and A. aerogenes, showed the deconjugation ability by which conjugated bile acids in ox gall was hydrolyzed. Administration of chloramphenicol to the 5 patients reduced {sup 14}CO{sub 2} specific activity significantly. On the other hand, 9 healthy men who were tested showed a flat curve, and 8 of the 9 had no growth of bacteria isolated from the jejunal fluids. The remaining healthy man showed an over growth of E. coli and Pseudomonas aeruginosa, but the species did not have the ability of deconjugation.

  10. Contamination of cell phones by pathogenic microorganisms: Comparison between hospital staff and college students

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    PURNIMA R. CHITLANGE

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Chitlange PR. 2014. Contamination of cell phones by pathogenic microorganisms: Comparison between hospital staff and college students. Nusantara Bioscience 6: 203-206. Cell phone (CP is a long range portable electronic device. The cell phone is constantly exposed to arrays of micro organisms, making it a harbour and breeding ground for microbes especially those associated with skin. The adult human is covered with approximately 2m2 of skin with area supporting about 106 bacteria. To check whether the cell phone act as a vector for transmission of various pathogens, a potential study was carried out in microbiology department of Shri Radhakisan Laxminarayan Toshniwal College of Science, Akola. Total 20 cell samples were screened. Two parameters were considered: College students and hospital staff. The isolated bacteria Staphylococcus aureus, E. coli, Pseudomonas sp., Bacillus subtilis, Aerobacter aerogenes, Salmonella, Shigella, Streptococci, P. vulgaris were identified on the basis of morphological and cultural characteristics. The main aim of present study was to check the contamination by bacterial pathogens on cell phones and also to check role of cell phone for transmission of pathogens from person to person or not.

  11. Phytochemical analysis and antimicrobial activity of Chorella vulgaris isolated from Unkal Lake

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    Shakeel Ahmed Adhoni

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To determine the presence of bioactive molecules and to check their antimicrobial activity from green algae Chlorella vulgaris (AS-3 (C. vulgaris isolated from Unkal Lake in Dharwad District, Karnataka, India. Methods: Based on the polarity, benzene, chloroform, ethyl acetate, ethanol, hexane, methanol, petroleum ether and distilled water were the solvents used for the preparation of algal extracts using Soxhlet apparatus, which were further subjected to phytochemical analysis and screening of antimicrobial activity. Human pathogens such as Staphylococcus aureus, Corynebacterium, Bacillus subtilis, Streptococcus, Escherichia coli, Salmonella Paratyphi B, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Aerobacter aerogenes, Candida albicans and Aspergillus niger were used for antimicrobial assay. Standard methods were followed for qualitative estimation of phytochemicals. Results: Phytochemical determination of bioactive molecules showed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, carotenoids, phenols, lignins, saponins, sterols, tannins, reducing sugars, volatile oil, fats, amino acids and carbohydrates. In vitro analysis of organic solvent extracts of C. vulgaris, a green microalgae, showed an activity by suppressing the proliferation of bacterial, fungal and human pathogens. Four extracts (chloroform, ethyl acetate, hexane and methanol showed effective inhibitory activity against the tested pathogens. Depending on the percentage of bioactive molecules present in each of the organic extracts, different extracts showed different inhibition zone diameters against the pathogens. Among the eight organic extracts used for the study, excellent inhibitory effects were shown by chloroform and methanol extracts. Conclusions: The present study indicates that green algae C. vulgaris is rich in natural compounds which are highly important in pharmacology and nutraceuticals. Although the presence of bioactive molecules is very less in the algae, excellent effect

  12. ASSESSMENT OF LOCAL METHODS OF PROCESSING FOR THE PRESERVATION OF THE PHYSICO-CHEMICAL PROPERTIES AND MICROBIOLOGICAL QUALITY OF TWO LOCAL CHEESES IN ILORIN, NIGERIA

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    Bolanle Kudirat Saliu

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Nigerian locally produced cheese from milk, commonly known as wara is highly nutritious and highly prone to attack by spoilage and pathogenic microorganisms. Moist heat treatment and salting alone are the common methods used for processing. This study assessed the efficacy of these local processing methods in preserving the physicochemical properties and microbiological quality of wara. Samples were purchased from open markets in Ilorin; processed by boiling in water and with addition of salt; and stored at room temperature (28±2oC to mimic the local method. The samples were observed at 24 hrs interval for a period of 96 hrs, for changes in pH, color, odor and texture. Microbiological analysis was done following standard methods. The pH of most of the samples increased while the color, odor and texture deteriorated within 48 hrs of storage. The cheese samples were preserved most by boiling with salt. Many spoilage and pathogenic microorganisms were isolated. The bacterial isolates were Lactobaccillus acidophilus, Escherichia coli, Bacillus cereus, Staphylococcus aureus, Proteus vulgaris, Enterococcus feacalis, Aerobacter aerogenes, Klebsiella, Aerococcus, Micrococcus and Streptococcus spp.; while the fungi were Aspergillus flavus, A. fumigatus, A. flavus, Candida tropicalis, Rhizopus arrhizus, Penicillium and Mucor spp. Some of the microorganisms were eliminated during treatments, others survived while some contaminated the samples during storage. Though boiling of wara with salt was shown to improve its keeping quality compared to other methods studied, further treatments such as frying, drying, and roasting; as well as storage at low temperature may significantly increase the shelf life.

  13. Phytochemical analysis and antimicrobial activity ofChorella vulgaris isolated from Unkal Lake

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shakeel Ahmed Adhoni; Basappa Basawanneppa Kaliwal

    2016-01-01

    Objective:To determine the presence of bioactive molecules and to check their antimicrobial activity from green algaeChlorella vulgaris (AS-3) (C. vulgaris) isolated from Unkal Lake in Dharwad District, Karnataka, India. Methods: Based on the polarity, benzene, chloroform, ethyl acetate, ethanol, hexane, methanol, petroleum ether and distilled water were the solvents used for the preparation of algal extracts using Soxhlet apparatus, which were further subjected to phytochemical analysis and screening of antimicrobial activity. Human pathogens such asStaphylococcus aureus, Corynebacterium,Bacillus subtilis,Streptococcus,Escherichia coli,Salmonella Paratyphi B, Klebsiella pneumoniae,Aerobacter aerogenes,Candida albicans andAspergillus niger were used for antimicrobial assay. Standard methods were followed for qualitative estimation of phytochemicals. Results: Phytochemical determination of bioactive molecules showed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, glycosides, carotenoids, phenols, lignins, saponins, sterols, tannins, reducing sugars, volatile oil, fats, amino acids and carbohydrates. In vitro analysis of organic solvent extracts ofC. vulgaris, a green microalgae, showed an activity by suppressing the proliferation of bacterial, fungal and human pathogens. Four extracts (chloroform, ethyl acetate, hexane and methanol) showed effective inhibitory activity against the tested pathogens. Depending on the percentage of bioactive molecules present in each of the organic extracts, different extracts showed different inhibition zone diameters against the pathogens. Among the eight organic extracts used for the study, excellent inhibitory effects were shown by chloroform and methanol extracts. Conclusions: The present study indicates that green algaeC. vulgaris is rich in natural compounds which are highly important in pharmacology and nutraceuticals. Although the presence of bioactive molecules is very less in the algae, excellent effect on the microbial pathogens was

  14. Bacteremias por bacilos gram-negativos

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    Adrelírio J. R. Gonçalves

    1969-01-01

    Full Text Available São apresentados 31 casos de bacteremia por gram-negativos, assunto que vem merecendo muita atenção dos pesquisadores nos últimos anos. Os organismos etiológicos mais importantes que apareceram em igualdade de freqüência foram Escherichia coli e Klebsiella-Aerobacter, sendo responsáveis por 58% do total das infecções, seguidos por Pseudomonas. A porta de entrada mais freqüente foi o trato urinário em 61,3% dos casos. A infecção foi mais comum no sexo masculino e a faixa etária de 50 a 60 anos predominou. O uso prévio de antibióticos foi um fator predisponente muito importante, seguido pelo uso de esteróides e citostáticos. As principais doenças predisponentes foram diabetes mellitus e neoplasias malignas. Os principais fatores precipitantes foram a manipulação do aparelho urinário, com infecção prévia ou desencadeada, cirurgia do aparelho digestivo, uronatia obstrutiva e obstrução biliar. As principais manifestações clínicas foram a presença de febre, calafrios e hipotensão arterial. A complicação mais freqüente foi o choque bacteriano que incidiu em 58% dos casos, aproximadamente três vêzes aquela relatada na literatura. As outras foram a insuficiência renal aguda, superinfecção e infecção pulmonar metastática. Considerações terapêuticas gerais e esquemas de antibióticos são propostos para estes casos. A mortalidade da bacteremia simples foi de 30,7% e quando associada ao choque elevou-se para 72,2% . As infecções por Pseudomonas foram 100% fatais.

  15. The deconjugation ability of bacteria isolated from the jejunal fluids in the blind loop syndrome with high 14CO2 excretion--using the breath analysis technique and thin-layer chromatography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shindo, K; Yamazaki, R; Mizuno, T; Shionoiri, H; Sugiyama, M

    1989-01-01

    Five patients with blind loop syndrome (Billroth II) were examined by measuring 14CO2 specific activity of expired breath samples taken at intervals after a meal containing glycine-1-14C cholate. The 5 patients tested showed a marked increase of 14CO2 specific activity. Furthermore, the ability of deconjugation of bacteria isolated from the jejunal fluids in the efferent loop of these patients was tested by thin layer chromatography. The bacterial species identified from the samples were as follows: enterococcus, Lactobacillus (L) buchneri, L. bifidus, L. brevis, Eubacterium (E) lentum, Bacteroides (B) vulgaricus, B. filamentosum, Corynebacterium (C) granulosum, Escherichia (E) coli, Staphylococcus (S) epidermidis, and Aerobacter (A) aerogenes. These species of bacteria, except E. coli and A. aerogenes, showed the deconjugation ability by which conjugated bile acids in ox gall was hydrolyzed. Administration of chloramphenicol (1g per day for 14 days orally divided doses) to the 5 patients reduced 14CO2 specific activity significantly. On the other hand, 9 healthy men (control subjects) who were tested showed a flat curve, and 8 of the 9 had no growth of bacteria isolated from the jejunal fluids. The remaining healthy man showed an overgrowth of E. coli and Pseudomonas (P) aeruginosa, but the species did not have the ability of deconjugation. Thus, we concluded that the patients with blind loop syndrome(Billroth II) had the bacterial overgrowth in the efferent loop that contained species with deconjugation ability, and, as a result the bacterial overgrowth contributed to causing abnormalities (increased deconjugation) in the metabolism of bile acids in the small intestine. When the concentration of conjugated bile acids in the small intestine was reduced to levels below the critical micellar concentration by several factors, fat malabsorption and subsequent steatorrhea were induced (1,-4). Furthermore, H. Fromm and A. F. Hofmann presented in vivo that the patients

  16. 灰树花多酚类物质抑菌作用的研究%Antimicrobial effect of polyphenols from Grifola frondosa

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    柴丽; 张公亮; 侯红漫

    2012-01-01

    采用纸片法和二倍稀释法测定灰树花多酚类物质对食品加工、储存过程中常见腐败菌种的体外抗菌活性及最低抑菌浓度(MIC),并且也研究了灰树花多酚类物质的抑菌活性与温度和pH值的关系.结果表明,灰树花多酚类物质对细菌和酵母菌都有较强的抑制作用;对霉菌的抑菌效果不明显.对大肠杆菌、产气杆菌、枯草芽孢杆菌和沙门氏菌的最低抑菌浓度分别为32.5μg/mL、260μg/mL、65μg/mL、130μg/mL;对红酵母、黑狮酵母和白假丝酵母的最低抑菌浓度分别为8.2μg/mL、65μg/mL、32.5μg/mL.热处理对灰树花多酚类物质的抑菌效果影响较大,当温度超过60℃时,灰树花多酚类物质起不到抑菌作用,并且在pH值为2~4的范围内灰树花多酚溶液对细菌和酵母菌有抑菌效果.%The antimicrobial activity and minimum inhibitory concentration of Grifola frvadosa polyphenol to spoilage microorganisms in food process and storage was investigated though paper difusion method and double dilution method. The relationship of temperature and pH with antibacterial activity of the Grifola frondosa polyphenol was also investigated. The results indicated that Grifola frondosa polyphenol could effectively inhibit the growth of bacteria and yeast, while had little effect to mould. The minimum inhibitory concentration to bacteria and yeast were as follows: Escherichia coli 32.5μg/ml, Aerobacter aerogenes 260μg/ml, Bacillus subrilis 65μg/ml, Salmonella 130μg/ml, Rhodotorula glutinis 8.2μg/ml, Black lion yeast 65μg/ml and Candida albicans 32.5μg/ml. Furthermore, the temperature had a great influence on the antimicrobial effect. No bacteriostasis of Grifola frondosa polyphenol was observed when the temperature was up 60℃. These was antibacterial effect on bacteria and yeast between pH 2-4.

  17. Surveillance of diarrheal bacteria and their epidemiological chracteristics in Yunan military area%云南战区腹泻病原菌监测及流行病学特征研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李刚山; 张朝雄; 周丽华; 胡挺松; 刘德华; 王霞; 易昌清; 古良琪; 石清明; 邓波; 李丽娇; 王意银; 范泉水; 朱姝媛; 朱琼媛; 李明; 邱薇; 王惠萱; 赵丽芝; 秦海燕

    2011-01-01

    (94.25%), proteus mirabilis and Aerobacter cloacae ( 3.23% ), Klebsiella oxytoca (2.89%), Enteroinvasive E. coli, EIEC(2.21%) and Aeromonas(1.53% ). The detection rate in different age groups were in the range of 29.11%~48.34%,being higher in the age groop of from 16 yens to 45 years and highest in the age groups of 36 years to 445 years. There was no differences between sexes in positive rate(P>0.05). May, August and September were the months with higher positive rate.Conclusion The list of diarrheal pathogens and the characteristic of the pathogens to have provided important rinformation for control of the pathogens

  18. Optimization of liquid fermentation of Gloeostereum incarnatum S.Ito et Imai and antibacterial activity of its polysaccharide%榆耳液态发酵培养的优化及多糖的抑菌活性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张公亮; 祝明思; 穆娜; 刘阳; 侯红漫

    2012-01-01

    The liquid fermentation of Gloeostereum incarnation S. Ito et Imai was optimized, and the antibacterial activity of polysaccharide from G. incarnatum S. Ito et Imai was investigated. The doses of maltose (X1), soybean meal (X2) and vitamin B6 (X3) were determined by response surface methodology (RSM) and central composite rotatable design (CCRD). A secondary polynomial regression model was constructed to determine predicted responses, followed by a verification test. The results showed that the optimum liquid culture conditions of G. incarnatum S. Ito et Imai were: maltose 12.96 g/L, soybean meal 11.68g/L and vitamin B6 159mg/L with the addition of trace inorganic salts, by which the wet weight of mycelium (Y) reached up to 11.27g/100ml. The second degree equation was Y=10.50 + 0.75X1 + 0.63X2 + 0.20X3 + 0.044X1X2 - 0.075X1X3 + 0.088X2X3 - 0.51X12-0.79X22-0.55X32. Regression analysis indicated that more than 92.57% of the variation could be explained by the equation. The antibacterial activity of polysaccharide from G. incamatum S. Ito et Imai was determined by Oxford plate assay system. Experimental results showed that both intracellular and extracellular polysaccharides had high antibacterial activities against Shigella flexneri, Bacillus subtilis, Salmonella typhimurium and Aerobacter aerogenes. These results indicated that the yield of the mycelium of G. incamatum S. Ito et Imai was high on the medium containing maltose, soybean meal, vitamin B6 and mineral salts, and both intracellular and extracellular polysaccharides from G. incarnatum S. Ito et Imai had antibacterial activities.%对榆耳进行液态发酵培养条件的优化,并考察榆耳多糖的抑菌活性.采用响应面中心复合设计方案,确定了麦芽糖(X1)、豆粕(X9及维生素B6(X3)的加入量,运用二阶多项式回归模型进行响应值预测,并进行试验验证.结果表明,榆耳液态培养最优条件为麦芽糖12.96g/L,豆粕11.68g/L,维生素B6 159mg/L,配合无机盐