WorldWideScience

Sample records for adulte revue critique

  1. Infection à VIH et IST dans la population "trans" : une revue critique de la littérature internationale

    OpenAIRE

    Giami, Alain; Le Bail, Jonas

    2010-01-01

    Position du problème : Cette revue critique de la littérature sur la prévalence de l'infection à VIH et des IST dans la population trans et les principaux facteurs de risque a pour objectif de faire le point sur les connaissances disponibles et les manques sur cette question. Méthode : Les articles publiés depuis 1986 jusqu'à 2008 ont été sélectionnés dans Pubmed et Ovid à partir des mots du titre : "female-to-male", "male-to-female", "transsexualism", "gender identity disorder" et avec les m...

  2. Repositioning Ideology Critique in a Critical Theory of Adult Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brookfield, Stephen

    2001-01-01

    Reexamines critical theory as a response to Marxism and repositions ideology critique as a crucial adult learning process. Argues that a critical theory of adult learning should focus on how adults learn to recognize and challenge ideological domination and manipulation. (Contains 31 references.) (SK)

  3. Impact contrôle automatisé feu rouge : Eléments de réflexion critiques autour d'une revue de littérature

    OpenAIRE

    CARNIS, L

    2010-01-01

    Ce document constitue une revue critique de la littérature internationale sur le contrôle automatisé feu rouge. Il s'organise en trois parties. La première souligne la diversité existante en matière de contrôle automatisé des feux rouges. Une politique largement utilisée au niveau international, mais qui se distingue par la mise en oeuvre de structures institutionnelles spécifiques et par la recherche d'objectifs divers. La deuxième partie s'interroge sur l'efficacité de tels dispositifs de c...

  4. Molecular Weight and Association of Asphaltenes: a Critical Review Masse moléculaire et association des asphaltènes : une revue critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Speight J. G.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available The determination of asphaltene molecular weights is complicated by the tendency of asphaltene molecules to associate with each other and with other petroleum constituents, and reported molecular weights vary from 900 to 300 000. This paper reviews the methods (vapor pressure osmometry, size exclusion chromatography, ultrafiltration, ultracentrifugation, viscosity, small angle X-ray scattering, infrared spectroscopy, solubilization, and interfacial tension that have been used to estimate asphaltene molecular weights and to probe association phenomena. It is concluded that asphaltene fractions from typical crudes have a number average molecular weight of 1 200-2 700 and a molecular weight range of 1,000-10,000 or higher. Intermolecular association phenomena are primarily responsible for observed molecular weights up to and in excess of 100,000 but detailed mechanisms of the intermolecular associations are not well understood. Certain observations suggest that asphaltene molecules are associated in reversedmicelles and that asphaltenes interact selectively with resins although the evidence on these points is subject to alternate interpretations. H-bond interactions between asphaltenes and resins have been demonstrated. La détermination de la masse moléculaire des asphaltènes est difficile à cause de la tendance qu'ont les molécules d'asphaltènes à s'associer les unes aux autres et avec d'autres constituants des pétroles. Ces masses moléculaires varient de 900 à 300 000. Cet article passe en revue les méthodes (osmométrie par tension de vapeur, chromatographie d'exclusion stérique, ultrafiltration, ultracentrifugation, viscosité, diffusion centrale des rayons X, spectroscopie infra-rouge, solubilisation et tension interfaciale qui ont été utilisées pour estimer les masses moléculaires des asphaltènes et pour étudier les phénomènes d'association. On conclut que les asphaltènes extraits de bruts types ont des masses mol

  5. "Foucault est vraiment exceptionnel" (Michel Foucault et Critique)

    OpenAIRE

    Patron, Sylvie

    2001-01-01

    Cet article prend place dans un dossier spécial de La Revue des revues intitulé "Michel Foucault en revues". Il commence par distinguer deux questions. Première question : que peut-on dire de la relation que Foucault a entretenu avec Critique ? a-t-elle quelque chose de spécifique ? Cette question est suscitée par la parution dans Critique de sept articles de Foucault, de huit articles et une note le concernant, et par son inscription au conseil de rédaction de la revue pendant une période de...

  6. Environmental Adult Education: Critique and Creativity in a Globalizing World.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clover, Darlene E.

    2003-01-01

    Among the ecological implications of globalization are war and social instability, production and consumption, corporatization and marketing, and environmental racism and sexism. Environmental adult education provides a space to examine negative impacts from multiple perspectives and reassert a focus on democracy. (Contains 37 references.) (SK)

  7. La Revue Tunisienne de Communication

    OpenAIRE

    Chaudet, Bruno

    2015-01-01

    Moez Ben Massoud, rédacteur en chef de la Revue Tunisienne de Communication « La revue est l’une des plus anciennes du genre dans le monde arabe et africain » Quelle est la date de naissance de cette Revue ? La Revue Tunisienne de Communication « RTC » est une publication scientifique semestrielle publiée par l’IPSI (Institut de Presse et des Sciences de l’Information) depuis 1982. C’est l’une des plus anciennes revues du genre dans le monde arabe et africain. Et c’est l’une des rares publica...

  8. Bridging the Gap between Human Resource Development and Adult Education: Part One, Assumptions, Definitions, and Critiques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatcher, Tim; Bowles, Tuere

    2013-01-01

    Human resource development (HRD) as a scholarly endeavor and as a practice is often criticized in the adult education (AE) literature and by AE scholars as manipulative and oppressive and, through training and other interventions, controlling workers for strictly economic ends (Baptiste, 2001; Cunningham, 2004; Schied, 2001; Welton, 1995).…

  9. Interventions infirmières permettant de gérer la douleur et l'anxiété provoquées par une procédure douloureuse auprès de patients adultes hospitalisés en soins aigus: une revue de littérature étoffée

    OpenAIRE

    Wicht, Justine; Magnin, François

    2011-01-01

    L’objectif de cette revue de littérature est d’identifier les interventions infirmières qui peuvent être élaborées afin de gérer la douleur et l’anxiété ressenties durant une procédure douloureuse. Le contexte de ce travail inclut la population adulte hospitalisée en milieu de soins aigus. Du point de vue méthodologique, la première étape s’est concentrée sur la littérature réalisée au sujet des douleurs induites. Dans un deuxième temps, des recherches ont été réalisées sur des bases de donné...

  10. Developing critique together

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chimirri, Niklas Alexander

    . The symposium gathers theoretical psychologists who shed light on a variety of understandings of critique, who productively discuss what the purpose or function of critique, its methods and its limitations may be: Who benefits from critique? Is critique a collective process? How can critique bridge...

  11. La revue Hermès

    OpenAIRE

    Tenier, Solenn; Malledant, Nina; Sauvaire, Damien

    2014-01-01

    Coordination : Bruno Chaudet La revue Hermès a été créée en 1988 par Dominique Wolton, directeur de recherche émérite en sciences de la communication au CNRS. La revue est devenue trimestrielle depuis quinze ans (1999). Aujourd’hui, elle compte à son actif soixante-neuf numéros. Un des objectifs éditoriaux d’Hermès est d’analyser et d’étudier la communication de manière interdisciplinaire. Ainsi, ses nombreux articles tentent d’appréhender la complexité des phénomènes de communication en pren...

  12. Faire rhizome en passant en revue

    OpenAIRE

    Querrien, Anne

    2009-01-01

    L’expérience de la revue Les Annales de la Recherche Urbaine est relatée à l’aide de quelques concepts de Deleuze et Guattari : faire rhizome en rencontrant les auteurs de proche en proche, en faisant proliférer le mi­lieu de référence, en suivant ce qui le met en mouvement. La ville est ex­plorée comme un espace aux entrées multiples, inconnaissable globalement. La revue résiste contre la mise en mots d’ordre du réel par l’agencement de ses contributions ; elle construit la ville au jour le ...

  13. La théorie positive de la comptabilité : une revue des critiques

    OpenAIRE

    Jeanjean, Thomas

    1999-01-01

    This working paper presents a review of the main criticisms to positive accounting theory (henceforth, PAT). Three levels of criticisms are distinguished: (1) on epistemology, (2) on the valitidy of the theoritical framework and (3) about the methods to test empirical predictions. Epistemological criticisms do not seem that much important if PAT is considered as a research program. On the other hand, the contigency of the theoritical framework and the instrumental reduction phenomenon seem fa...

  14. Persuasion technologique et Energie : revue critique de l’état de l’art

    OpenAIRE

    Cano, Grégory; Laurillau, Yann; Calvary, Gaëlle

    2015-01-01

    International audience This paper presents a state of the art and an analysis of existing works dedicated to persuasive technologies for energy consumption. Thanks to a systematic analysis, a set of concepts of persuasion has been identified and organized into a six dimensional design space. In particular, the concept of persuasion function is identified and defined. Six persuasion functions are identified: Mirror, Explain, Recommend, What-if, What-for, Suggest-and-Adjust. This design spac...

  15. The LNG industry in 2011. Press revue

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The outlook of the LNG industry in 2011 is presented as a revue of press articles: The role of LNG as a flexible and secure energy source as well as the prompt response to provide back-up through additional supplies and cargo diversions to compensate for the sudden loss of nuclear capacity in Japan - with sellers exercising due price restraint in view of the human tragedy - has been a credit to the industry. The increase in production capacity in 2009 and 2010, in particular from Qatar, had permitted the necessary buffer to cope much better with the demand surge than during past disruptions (such as the aftermath of the Chuetsu earthquake in late 2007). Undoubtedly, the marked shift over the last decade in the industry's prevailing business model towards global trade, destination flexibility and portfolio play has also facilitated the rapid response. As the total volume of LNG trade is very much determined by the availability of supply, 2011 has seen a growth of 9.4% over 2010, mainly as a result of the full availability of the six Qatar mega-trains over the past year. On the demand side the two traditional basins have shown very contrasting trends: 15% higher LNG off-take in Asia (the five major markets all increasing between 37.4% and 8.9%), versus a 1.7% decrease in the Atlantic Basin. Cargo diversions and an increasing number of reloads have boosted the exports from the Atlantic Basin to Asia in 2011 to more than 14 million tons (equivalent to more than 200 large size cargoes). Remarkable is also the fast growth in new markets in Latin America and in the Middle East - albeit from a small base - with counter-seasonal but varying demand, offering attractive arbitrage opportunities to portfolio play. Not surprising then that 2011 has seen another hike in spot and short-term trade, not just in absolute terms but also as a percentage of total trade (50% over 2010, 25.4% of total trade). The outlook for LNG is strong and its global demand prospects further

  16. Revue de l'EPI n° 104 de décembre 2001

    OpenAIRE

    Viaud, Jean-Bernard

    2001-01-01

    Sommaire. Revue de l'EPI (Enseignement Public et Informatique), (104), décembre 2001. 2-3. ba4p002EPI (2001). Éditorial. Revue de l'EPI (Enseignement Public et Informatique), (104). 5-6. ba4p005Pélisset, É. (2001). Enseigner autrement avec l'informatique. Revue de l'EPI (Enseignement Public et Informatique), (104). 11-14. ba4p011Cousin, A. (2001). Apprentissage et pédagogie. Revue de l'EPI (Enseignement Public et Informatique), (104). 15-24. ba4p015Chevènement, J.-P., M.E.N. (2001). Orientati...

  17. Revue de l'EPI n° 101 de mars 2001

    OpenAIRE

    Viaud, Jean-Bernard

    2001-01-01

    Sommaire. Revue de l'EPI (Enseignement Public et Informatique), (101), mars 2001. 2-3. ba1p002EPI, Viaud, J.-B. (2001). Éditorial. Revue de l'EPI (Enseignement Public et Informatique), (101). 5. ba1p005Becquelin, G., M.E.N. (2001). Qu'apprend-t-on avec les TICE ? Assises Internationales Poitiers 2000. Revue de l'EPI (Enseignement Public et Informatique), (101). 19-23. ba1p019Lang, J., M.E.N. (2001). Rénovation de la formation des enseignants en IUFM. Revue de l'EPI (Enseignement Public et Inf...

  18. Camera as Cultural Critique

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Suhr, Christian

    2015-01-01

    What does the use of cameras entail for the production of cultural critique in anthropology? Visual anthropological analysis and cultural critique starts at the very moment a camera is brought into the field or existing visual images are engaged. The framing, distances, and interactions between...... researchers, cameras, and filmed subjects already inherently comprise analytical decisions. It is these ethnographic qualities inherent in audiovisual and photographic imagery that make it of particular value to a participatory anthropological enterprise that seeks to resist analytic closure and seeks instead...

  19. A Critique of Julie L. Ozanne, Natalie Ross Adkins, and Jennifer A. Sandlin's: "Shopping {For} Power: How Adult Literacy Learners Negotiate"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coutinho, Colin

    2008-01-01

    This paper will review the article entitled, "Shopping {For} Power: How Adult Literacy Learners Negotiate" [EJ756994] by authors Julie L. Ozanne, Natalie Ross Adkins, and Jennifer A. Sandlin. The authors argue that functional literacy in the United States is an important issue and needs to play a larger role in adult literacy programs. Their…

  20. Classement critique des sources

    OpenAIRE

    Langlois, Charles-Victor; Seignobos, Charles

    2014-01-01

    Grâce aux opérations précédentes, les documents, tous les documents d’un certain genre ou relatifs à un sujet donné ont été, nous le supposons, « trouvés » : on sait où ils sont ; le texte de chacun d’eux a été, s’il y avait lieu, restitué, et chacun d’eux a été soumis à la critique de provenance : on sait d’où il sort. Reste à réunir et à classer méthodiquement les matériaux ainsi vérifiés. Cette opération est la dernière de celles que l’on peut appeler préparatoires aux travaux de critique ...

  1. Christine Lehman, François Pépin, La Chimie et l’Encyclopédie, Corpus, revue de philosophie, n° 56, université Paris Ouest Nanterre La Défense,2009, 261 p.

    OpenAIRE

    Franckowiak, Rémi

    2011-01-01

    Ce numéro de Corpus, revue de philosophie accompagne la publication prochaine du Cours de Chimie de Gabriel-François Venel dispensé àMontpellier en 1761 dans la collection» Corpus des oeuvres de philosophie en langue française » (Editions universitaires de Dijon, octobrenovembre 2010). Les textes réédités dans cette collection sont proposés sans aucun complément ; le travail proprement critique étant confié à la revue Corpus. C’est ainsi que le thème choisi pour ce numéro 56 est « La Chimie e...

  2. Critiques of Studies Dealing With Music and Music Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shuter-Dyson, Rosamund; And Others

    1988-01-01

    Critiques eight studies dealing with music and music education. Among the titles are "The Clarinet in Twentieth-Century Dutch Chamber Music,""The Effect of Movement-Based Instruction on the Aural Perception Skills of First and Third-Graders," and "Functional Performance Anxiety Modifications in Adult Pianists." (GEA)

  3. Revue de l'EPI n° 97 de mars 2000

    OpenAIRE

    Viaud, Jean-Bernard

    2000-01-01

    Sommaire. Revue de l'EPI (Enseignement Public et Informatique), (97), mars 2000. 2-3. b97p002EPI, Viaud, J.-B. (2000). Éditorial. Revue de l'EPI (Enseignement Public et Informatique), (97). 5-7. b97p005Bancel, D., M.E.N. (2000). Réforme des lycées : organisation des travaux personnels encadrés en classe de première. Revue de l'EPI (Enseignement Public et Informatique), (97). 19-20. b97p019Allégre, C., M.E.N. (2000). Extraits des voeux de Claude Allègre à la presse. Revue de l'EPI (Enseignemen...

  4. Non-normative Critique

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Magnus Paulsen

    2016-01-01

    is inadequate when it comes to understand de-politicizing mechanisms and the struggles they bring about. This article argues that only a nonnormative position can stay attentive to the constant and complex evolution of modes of governing and the critical operations actors themselves engage in. The article......The close ties between modes of governing, subjectivities and critique in contemporary societies challenge the role of critical social research. The classical normative ethos of the unmasking researcher unravelling various oppressive structures of dominant vs. dominated groups in society...... outlines a non-normative but critical programme based on an ethos of re-politicizing contemporary pervasive modes of governing. The analytical advantages and limitations of such a programme are demonstrated by readings of both Foucauldian studies and the works of and debates regarding the French pragmatic...

  5. Designing Critique for Knowledge Integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Mie Elissa

    Generating explanations is central to science and has the potential to have a powerful impact on students' conceptual understanding in science instruction. However, improving conceptual understanding by generating explanations is a fraught affair: students may struggle with the sense of false clarity that may arise from generating explanations, fail to detect gaps in their understanding, and dismiss salient information that contradict their beliefs. Critiquing explanations has the potential to counteract these pitfalls by exposing students to alternative ideas to contrast with their own. This dissertation seeks to clarify how to design critique in technology-enhanced science instruction to support students in revising their explanations about scientific phenomena, and in doing so, refining their conceptual understanding. Using the Knowledge Integration framework, I revised two technology-enhanced curriculum units, Plate Tectonics and Global Climate Change, in a design partnership between teachers, researchers, and technologists. I conducted a series of studies with sixth-grade students to investigate the conditions under which guided critique of explanations can support revision. The pilot critique study investigated the impact of the revised Plate Tectonics unit on students' understanding of convection, as well as of a preliminary design of critique where students generated and applied their own criteria for what makes a good explanation in science. The guidance study explored how incorporating a complex selection task that features meta-explanatory criteria into critique supports students in distinguishing among different criteria, as well as how students use peer or expert guidance on their initial explanation during revision. The critique study investigated how designing critique with a complex selection task that features plausible alternative ideas and giving guidance on students' critiques support students in distinguishing among a range of relevant ideas

  6. Revues.org : une plateforme d’édition électronique au service des sciences humaines et sociales

    OpenAIRE

    Dacos, Marin; Secondat de Montesquieu, Inès; Mounier, Pierre

    2010-01-01

    Revues.org est un portail de revues en sciences humaines et sociales, ouvert aux périodiques désireux de publier en ligne du texte intégral. Revues.org constitue une plateforme d’édition électronique complète et construit un espace dédié à la valorisation de la recherche, publiant en libre accès des dizaines de milliers de documents scientifiques. Le portail a pour mission de promouvoir l’édition électronique scientifique, dans le respect de l’équilibre économique des publications. Revues.org...

  7. Thyroid gland irradiations and thyroid cancers; Critical bibliographic journal; Irradiations de la thyroide et cancers thyroidiens. Revue bibliographique critique

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vitauxa, F. [CHI Le Raincy-Montfermeil, Faculte X. Bichat, Lab. de Biophysique, Service de Medecine Nucleaire, 93 - Le Raincy-Montfermeil (France)

    2007-07-15

    The large increase in the incidence of thyroid cancer among children who were mainly less than five years old at the time of the Chernobyl accident is still a major concern for endocrinologists and nuclear medicine physicians. Epidemiological studies have focused solely on iodine-131. However, past knowledge on thyroid irradiation (medical use of iodine-131, radioactive fallout on Marshall islands and the Nevada and Hanford site releases) as well as number of recent works (about low-dose irradiation) raise question on the role of other factors. It is here shown that post-Chernobyl thyroid irradiation is complex and that all factors (iodine-131, but also short lived isotopes of iodine and external irradiation) should be considered. Finally, one needs to think about some of the present medical uses of iodine-131 and especially to the treatment of hyperthyroidism in young subjects. (author)

  8. Some Varieties of Normative Social Critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carl-Göran Heidegren

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The article distinguishes between different forms of normative social critique: an external, an internal or immanent, and a disclosing form of critique. Whereas the external and internal critique appeal to or rely upon a certain standard or yardstick of critique, the disclosing form of critique aims at opening up our eyes to new ways of seeing social reality, and in the light of which our way of life can be seen as deficient or pathological. Depending upon the circumstances each form of critique may be a legitimate means to bring about a change.

  9. La revue Sextant : l'occasion de faire le point

    OpenAIRE

    PUISSANT, Jean

    2003-01-01

    Un peu d'histoire La revue bisannuelle Sextant apparaît comme la première revue universitaire consacrée aux études sur les femmes en Belgique. Elle présente donc un double intérêt : sa singularité d'une part, son existence et son contenu d'autre part. Il ne s'agit évidemment pas de la première revue féministe publiée en Belgique. La Ligue belge du Droit des Femmes, créée en 1892, se dote d'un organe – La Ligue – qui parut jusqu'à la première guerre. Bulletin d'information de l'organisation, i...

  10. Essentialism, hybridism and cultural critique

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frello, Birgitta

    2007-01-01

    In my paper, I suggest that we sharpen our attention towards the complexities of the work of power in transgressions as well as in constructions of essentialist identities. Criticising essentialism is vital for fighting group-based exclusionism. However, criticising essentialism and celebrating...... meaning and related to power. Hence, while insisting on Cultural Studies' commitment to social and cultural critique, I argue that this critique would benefit from an analytical sensitivity towards the uses and abuses of the discursive power to designate meaningful and legitimate subject positions, rather...

  11. Modern sport, modernism and the cultural manifesto: de Coubertin's Revue Olympique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, D

    2001-01-01

    This article studies the Modern Olympic Movement within the cultural framework of early twentieth-century aesthetics. By examining the first 13 years of the Revue Olympique, the bond between sport and ideals of beauty emerges as a powerful indicator of a broader socio-cultural discourse. Discourse analysis exposes the Revue Olympique as homogeneous and coherent device of praxis that located the Olympic Movement and the genre of sport festival it promoted among the dominant ideas about beauty, art and culture of this era. It functioned as a type of cultural manifesto for Pierre de Coubertin's international Olympic Movement. PMID:18389558

  12. La revue des marraines (1916-1917, een tijdschrift voor oorlogsmeters en hun petekinderen.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marysa Demoor

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is situated at the crossroads of First World War and periodical studies. It sheds light on the phenomenon of the war godmothers (marraines, women who supported soldiers at the front by sending them parcels and letters. The godmothers made use of the mainstream press to advertise their services, and founded periodicals of their own. One of these periodicals is La revue des marraines, founded by the Mlles Picard in Paris. In this article, we uncover La revue des marraines and examine how the journal imagines the relation between godmother and godson. 

  13. Vox populi : la Revue économique au crible d'Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Jean-Yves Caro

    2008-01-01

    Internet is disrupting traditional modes of scientific communication. In this new landscape, what is the readership of a publication such as the Revue économique? One consequence of placing it on the Internet is the possibility of discovering some of the actual structure of the demand of articles. It is this information that we try to characterize by studying consultation figures of the Revue économique on the cairn database for the 2006-2007 academic year. This sheds some light on the multip...

  14. F. A. Hayek's Critique of Legislation

    OpenAIRE

    Holm, Cyril

    2014-01-01

    The dissertation concerns F. A. Hayek’s (1899–1992) critique of legislation. The purpose of the investigation is to clarify and assess that critique. I argue that there is in Hayek’s work a critique of legislation that is distinct from his well-known critique of social planning. Further that the main claim of this critique is what I refer to as Hayek’s legislation tenet, namely that legislation that aims to achieve specific aggregate results in complex orders of society will decrease the welf...

  15. Revue de presse du numéro 50

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

        La Provence, février 2008 « Terrain consacre son cinquantième numéro au… diable ! Celui-ci s’est montré remarquablement résistant face aux idées qui, de longue date, dans le sillage des Lumières, critiquaient le fait de croire en son existence. Dans notre monde contemporain, Satan figure toujours dans des contextes multiples. Sa popularité exige toutefois une réponse qui ne se contente pas de reprendre la critique rationaliste selon laquelle il n’existe pas. Mettant Satan en lumière, ce n...

  16. Public Policy and Foucaultian Critique

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlsen, Mads Peter; Villadsen, Kaspar

    2012-01-01

    This article suggests that certain intertwinements can be discerned between contemporary public policies and post-structural thinking, emblematically represented by Foucault and scholars drawing upon his work. The article demonstrates that the post-structural perspective on power, while recognising...... its strengths and efficacy, confines observers to a particular form of analytical critique, which sets specific limits for what can be observed and debated. The position of Nikolas Rose is discussed with a specific attention to his diagnosis of the adoption of ‘community’ as a governmental category...... conditions of critical practice which implies analytical critique and resistance through creative self-formation. The article suggests some dislocations of the generalized Foucaultian position on public policy that seem increasingly necessary in the present situation....

  17. 6. La critique des armes

    OpenAIRE

    Sommier, Isabelle

    2015-01-01

    Alors que les groupes d’extrême gauche se sont structurés au sortir des événements de 68 à partir de l’idée marxiste selon laquelle « l’arme de la critique ne saurait remplacer la critique des armes », ils se délitent au terme d’un processus inverse de mise en examen qui finit en acte d’accusation de l’usage politique de la violence en démocratie. Comment, pour reprendre la dichotomie léniniste, ce qui était hier considéré comme une « guerre juste » s’est-il transmué en une « guerre injuste »...

  18. La transition des soins des adolescents atteints de mucoviscidose passant d'un centre pédiatrique à un service de soins pour adultes: interventions infirmières : une revue de littérature étoffée

    OpenAIRE

    Moser, Anne-Sophie; Lerch, Naïma; Lötscher, Ruth

    2014-01-01

    L’espérance de vie des enfants atteint de mucoviscidose a considérablement augmenté ces dernières années. Afin d’offrir des soins adaptés à cette nouvelle population atteinte de mucoviscidose, des centres pour adultes ont dû être développés. A ce jour, les adolescents suivis dans un centre pédiatrique sont souvent transférés vers un centre spécialisé pour adultes. Un processus de transition, adapté aux besoins spécifiques des adolescents, est nécessaire et demande des compétences particulière...

  19. Des femmes en revues : un point de vue d'outre-atlantique

    OpenAIRE

    Auslander, Leora

    2003-01-01

    En décembre 2000, le comité de rédaction de CLIO, Histoire, Femmes et Sociétés m'a donné la responsabilité fort agréable d'animer une table ronde des répresentant/e/s de six revues européennes de l'histoire des femmes. Chaque revue, Arenal (Espagne), Cender & History (Royaume Uni), L'Homme. Z.F.G. (Autriche), Sextant (Belgique), Memoria (Italie), Genesis (Italie) – et CLIO HFS elle-même – a, naturellement, une histoire bien particulière. Elles ont été créées entre 1981 et 1995, et l'une d'ent...

  20. La danse au prisme du genre : la revue Danser (1985 - 2008),

    OpenAIRE

    Pauline Boivineau

    2009-01-01

    Dans le contexte favorable de la naissance des Centres Chorégraphiques Nationaux et de l’essor de la danse contemporaine, la revue mensuelle Danser voit le jour en 1983 par la volonté du journaliste Jean-Claude Diénis qui partage ses intérêts entre danse classique et ce que l’on appelle la « nouvelle danse française ». Première sur le marché de la presse chorégraphique, la revue Danser s’est imposée rapidement, pour la diversité des rubriques (actualité, biographie, spectacle, histoire de la ...

  1. La danse au prisme du genre : la revue Danser (1985 - 2008,

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pauline Boivineau

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Dans le contexte favorable de la naissance des Centres Chorégraphiques Nationaux et de l’essor de la danse contemporaine, la revue mensuelle Danser voit le jour en 1983 par la volonté du journaliste Jean-Claude Diénis qui partage ses intérêts entre danse classique et ce que l’on appelle la « nouvelle danse française ». Première sur le marché de la presse chorégraphique, la revue Danser s’est imposée rapidement, pour la diversité des rubriques (actualité, biographie, spectacle, histoire de la ...

  2. Beyond Kantianism - Response to Critiques

    OpenAIRE

    Stenson, Kevin

    2008-01-01

    I am flattered and privileged to have received four such astute critiques of my work from an international cast. I will reflect at length about many of their points in future work but to respond fully would require a very long article and so I will highlight some of the more salient issues. The authors share misgivings about my commitment to a realist version of governmentality theory so I will try to articulate a bit more clearly how it is different from two major alternative perspectives hi...

  3. Regression Analysis A Constructive Critique

    CERN Document Server

    Berk, Richard A

    2003-01-01

    Regression Analysis: A Constructive Critique identifies a wide variety of problems with regression analysis as it is commonly used and then provides a number of ways in which practice could be improved. Regression is most useful for data reduction, leading to relatively simple but rich and precise descriptions of patterns in a data set. The emphasis on description provides readers with an insightful rethinking from the ground up of what regression analysis can do, so that readers can better match regression analysis with useful empirical questions and improved policy-related research. "An

  4. UNE ANALYSE COMPARATIVE DES PUBLICATIONS DANS LES GRANDES REVUES SCIENTIFIQUES DE COMPTABILITÉ

    OpenAIRE

    Rougès, Véronique

    2005-01-01

    International audience Cette communication propose une étude des publications de 2003 dans AOS, JAE, JAR et TAR qui arrivent en tête du classement CNRS 2004. EAR et CCA sont également examinées. Elle met en évidence le profil des revues en termes d'auteurs, thèmes, méthodes et données utilisées. Elle analyse aussi un possible effet culturel sur les publications.

  5. The Engaged Classroom: A Review and Critique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savich, Carl; Bizzotto, Glenda

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this paper was to analyze and critique the proposals made in "The Engaged Classroom" by Sam Intrator to increase student engagement in the classroom. The methodology used was to analyze, compare, and critique the proposals based on educational research on apathy and boredom in the instruction of history. The results were that the…

  6. Formulating transgenerational technology critique as conflictual collaboration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chimirri, Niklas Alexander

    presentation illustrates that the pristine intention of engaging in intergenerational technology design is potentially helpful for collectively formulating a productive and sustainable technology critique. On the downside the applied methodologies lack viable concepts for meaningfully analyzing its...... possibilities and limitations. Conflictual collaboration will be presented as a processual-relational concept which sketches out opportunities for formulating a purposeful transgenerational technology critique....

  7. Under the Gaze of Double Critique

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sabih, Joshua

    2015-01-01

    theory of double critique: decolonisation, desacralisation and the orphan book are operative in Ḫaṭībī´s analysis of Orientalism, identity, and the issue of origin. As a professional outsider, Ḫaṭībī follows conceptually and methodologically the rules of the epistemological critique in an enunciation of...

  8. Les formes de l'exercice critique

    OpenAIRE

    Beaudouin, Valérie; Pasquier, Dominique

    2016-01-01

    La critique amateur en ligne propose-t-elle une approche des films différente de celle de la critique professionnelle ? La question est posée à partir d’un corpus de 2 300 critiques professionnelles et 40 000 critiques amateurs postées en ligne sur un site français d’information sur le cinéma. Les auteurs identifient trois différences principales : dans le choix des films critiqués, dans les manières de les noter et dans la mobilisation d’un registre émotionnel par une partie des internautes....

  9. Constructing global justice: a critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Goodhart

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available This essay criticizes a prominent strand of theorizing about global justice, Rawlsian global constructivism. It argues that the constructivist method employed by cosmopolitan and social liberal theorists cannot grapple with the complexities of interdependence, deep pluralism, and socio-cultural diversity that arise in the global context. These flaws impugn the persuasiveness and plausibility of the substantive conclusions reached by Rawlsian global constructivists and highlight serious epistemological problems in their approach. This critique also sheds light on some broader problems with ideal theory in the global context, showing how it leads to distortions in our thinking about justice and again raising doubts about the epistemological and normative conclusions of global constructivist approaches.

  10. Realist evaluation: an immanent critique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, Sam

    2015-10-01

    This paper critically analyses realist evaluation, focussing on its primary analytical concepts: mechanisms, contexts, and outcomes. Noting that nursing investigators have had difficulty in operationalizing the concepts of mechanism and context, it is argued that their confusion is at least partially the result of ambiguities, inconsistencies, and contradictions in the realist evaluation model. Problematic issues include the adoption of empiricist and idealist positions, oscillation between determinism and voluntarism, subsumption of agency under structure, and categorical confusion between context and mechanism. In relation to outcomes, it is argued that realist evaluation's adoption of the fact/value distinction prevents it from taking into account the concerns of those affected by interventions. The aim of the paper is to use these immanent critiques of realist evaluation to construct an internally consistent realist approach to evaluation that is more amenable to being operationalized by nursing researchers. PMID:26392234

  11. Critiques of the risk concept

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nexøe, Jørgen; Halvorsen, Peder Andreas; Kristiansen, Ivar Sønbø

    2007-01-01

    , that patients' risk concept is different from an epidemiological one, that resources are better spent elsewhere, or that commercial interests take advantage of risk information to promote sales. In this paper the authors discuss the concept of risk and address the critique. There is evidence that commercial......The increasing use of the risk concept in healthcare has caused concern among medical doctors, especially general practitioners (GPs). Critics have claimed that risk identification and intervention create unfounded anxiety, that the concept of risk is not useful at the individual patient level...... interests promote risk interventions, that patients may misunderstand risk information, and that risk information can cause unnecessary anxiety. The authors have found no empirical data on the amount of time primary healthcare providers spend on risk interventions, and have not identified any valid...

  12. The Closing of Critique, Pluralism and Reflexivity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alvesson, Mats; Kärreman, Dan

    2013-01-01

    This article is a follow-up of Alvesson and Kärreman (2011a), which was in itself a follow-up of Alvesson and Kärreman (2000), and a response to a critique of the former by Hardy and Grant (2012). The critique is addressed directly and the logic behind it investigated critically. The article also...... addresses wider concerns regarding the politics of research and publishing and the conditions of critique at the present time. The pressure and eagerness to get published lead to strong subspecialization and an inclination to build research approaches within which authors are inclined to reproduce shared...

  13. Developing a framework for critiquing health research

    OpenAIRE

    Caldwell, Kay; Henshaw, Lynne; Taylor, Gina

    2005-01-01

    A new framework for critiquing health-related research is presented in this article. More commonly used existing frameworks tend to have been formulated within the quantitative research paradigm. While frameworks for critiquing qualitative research exist, they are often complex and more suited to the needs of students engaged in advanced levels of study. The framework presented in this article addresses both quantitative and qualitative research within one list of questions. It is argued that...

  14. Imaginative critique of the contemporary city

    OpenAIRE

    Andrés Di Masso Tarditti; Angela Castrechini

    2012-01-01

    In this article we introduce the contributions of different authors to a critique of contemporary urban phenomena. We begin pinpointing both the relevance and the epistemic limits of the city in the frame of the social sciences. We then develop a series of arguments that stress the main limitations of the dominant trend in environmental psychology dedicated to the study of urban phenomena. Consequently, we advocate an interdisciplinary, critique, reflexive and comprehensive approach to the st...

  15. Beyond Kantianism - Response to Critiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available I am flattered and privileged to have received four such astute critiques of my work from an international cast. I will reflect at length about many of their points in future work but to respond fully would require a very long article and so I will highlight some of the more salient issues. The authors share misgivings about my commitment to a realist version of governmentality theory so I will try to articulate a bit more clearly how it is different from two major alternative perspectives highlighted by the authors: what I term a `discursive` governmentality perspective (Stenson 2005, and the neo-Marxist regulationist school of political economy. However, deeper normative questions are raised, for example by Wendy Larner, about what it means to be progressive or critical within the broad terrain of liberalism (which can include neo-liberals and neo-conservatives in the wake of the collapse of communism and much of the power of western labour movements, the rise of the new emancipatory and environmental social movements and varieties of religious fundamentalism. As social scientists and university intellectuals we usually argue that our work differs from journalistic reportage or ideological polemics that gather supportive evidence through selective fact gathering. This is because we dig beneath the flux of events and surface appearances and debates to uncover the deeper structures of thought and social relations that shape our experiences and the flow of events. And we also engage with contrary evidence that troubles our truth claims. This is the work of theory. I accept that theory plays a vital role but argue for a more grounded approach rooted in empirical research using a variety of methods and data sources. Hence I adopt a more cautious approach to conceptions of the `deeper structures` we uncover. At best we can only know them through provisional heuristic modelling and it is best not to reify them.

  16. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI, Année 2011, n° 131-140

    OpenAIRE

    Archambault, Jean-Pierre

    2011-01-01

    Accès aux articles et documents dans le fichier attaché index.html. EPI, Archambault, J.-P. (2011). Éditorial : Le Google de demain. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI (Enseignement Public & Informatique), jan. 2011, (131).a1101a Rocha, J., Muscinesi, F. (2011). Identités-femmes et software libre. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI (Enseignement Public & Informatique), jan. 2011, (131).a1101b Bouchard, P. (2011). Information éducative. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI (Enseignement Pu...

  17. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI, Année 2005, n° 71-80

    OpenAIRE

    Viaud, Jean-Bernard

    2005-01-01

    Archambault, J.-P., Drechsler, M. (2005). Des enseignants auto-producteurs. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI (Enseignement Public & Informatique), jan. 2005, (71).a0501aBaudé, J. (2005). Et toujours le bidouillage. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI (Enseignement Public & Informatique), jan. 2005, (71).a0501bEPI (2005). Communiqué EPI à propos du projet de loi d'orientation pour l'École. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI (Enseignement Public & Informatique), jan. 2005, (71).d0501aBau...

  18. Les théories de la firme entre « contrats » et « compétences ». Une revue critique des développements contemporains

    OpenAIRE

    Benjamin Coriat; Olivier Weinstein

    2010-01-01

    The paper surveys in a critical manner the recent development in firms theories. It is organized around two directions. The first one analyses the contributions recently proposed around the vision of the firm envisaged as a “nexus of contracts”, focusing on the different recent variants of the theories of property rights and of imperfect contracts applied to the firm. The second – starting from Cyert, March and Simon – passing by the contributions of Edith Penrose, Chandler and evolutionary t...

  19. Thrombasthenie de Glanzmann et grossesse: a propos d�un cas et revue de la litterature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myriam Rachad

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available La thrombasthenie de Glanzmann est une anomalie plaquettaire qualitative, a transmission autosomale recessive, due a un deficit en glycoproteine IIb/IIIa (GPIIb/IIIa, avec un defaut d�agregation plaquettaire. Il en resulte une perturbation de l�hemostase primaire, a l�origine d�hemorragie plus ou mois importantes. Nous rapportons l�observation de N.A, agee de 32 ans, suivie depuis l�enfance pour maladie de Glanzmann, troisieme pare, avec deux accouchements par voie basse et une cesarienne programmee, compliques tous les trois par hemorragie de delivrance, jugulee avec succes. La grossesse chez une patiente thrombo-asthenique reste rare, peu de cas jusqu'a present, sont decrits. A travers cette observation, et a la lumiere d�une revue de la litterature, nous allons essayer surtout, de mettre le point sur la prise en charge de cette association delicate, qui met en jeu, a chaque fois, le pronostic vital maternel.

  20. Première analyse du lectorat de la revue ALSIC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thierry Chanier

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article nous tentons de cerner la nature et les centres d´intérêt du lectorat de la revue ALSIC, au cours des 21 premiers mois de son existence, de juin 1998 à février 2000. Nous présentons d´abord les sources d´information sur lesquelles est construite cette étude. Nous examinons les nombres d´accès mensuels sur notre site. Nous détaillons ensuite certaines caractéristiques de notre lectorat : répartition géographique, activités principales, langues objets d´attention. Enfin, nous décrivons les consultations des rubriques et de certains de nos articles.

  1. L’Allemagne vue par la Revue historique des armées

    OpenAIRE

    Dominé, Jean-François

    2009-01-01

    Depuis son premier numéro, en 1945, la Revue historique des armées a fait preuve d’une véritable fascination pour l’Allemagne et son histoire. Parmi les rubriques dominantes, représentations, lieux, conflits et organisation militaire, sont traités ici le Rhin, la guerre de 1870 et la Prusse. Le Rhin est associé à des victoires françaises : frontière entre la civilisation française et la supposée « barbarie » germanique. La guerre de 1870 est réécrite avec passion. L’impréparation française, c...

  2. Efficience et économie d’échelle. Une étude sur l’édition de revues en libre accès

    OpenAIRE

    Frantsvåg, Jan Erik

    2012-01-01

    L’article analyse la distribution des éditeurs de revues en libre accès en fonction de leur taille et discute l’impact de cette distribution sur l’édition scientifique, sous l’aspect de l’efficience économique. L’analyse exploite l’information sur les revues en libre accès et leurs éditeurs du répertoire DOAJ et, à titre comparatif, l’information sur l’édition des revues scientifiques du Ulrichsweb. Le DOAJ contient 3921 éditeurs de revues en libre accès (OA). 95,8% des éditeurs publient jus...

  3. 'Grey in Grey': Crisis, Critique, Change

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin Noys

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This essay reflects on the global financial crisis of 2008 as a site from which to assess anumber of theorisations of critique and change, based within a broadly-defined Marxism.While the recent crisis has given traction to Marxism as a form of critique, the articulationof that critique to actual change, and especially to the prospective agents of change, hasbeen left hanging. Charting the work of Fredric Jameson, Hardt and Negri, and others, wefind an emphasis on the powers of production and life as a point of excess to fuel anticapitalist politics. However, these images of dynamism are now forced to confrontcapitalism in a state of inertia and deceleration, and in so doing, they reveal theirdependence on replicating or displacing the supposed ‘productive forces’ of capitalism totheir own projects. Models of ‘anti-production’, such as those derived from GeorgesBataille, also tend to converge on models of vital powers, although cast in forms ofconsumption and excess. Criticising this convergence on a mythical vitalism, this essaysuggests a deflationary critique of capitalism’s ‘productivism’, and explores the potentialfor an anti-vitalist analysis that might better grasp the ‘mythological displacement’ ofexperience that operates within the frame of capitalist social relations.

  4. Hydrogen-via-Electricity concept. Critique report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Escher, W.J.D.; Ecklund, E.E.

    1981-01-01

    The Hydrogen-via-Electricity (HvE) concept is the prospective use of hydrogen fuel, produced electrolytically from the electric utility grid, as a means of responding to conventional fuels shortages. This report makes available the two sets of comments and critiques of this concept solicited from the Government/Government contractor group and from the electric utility companies.

  5. Olivier Orain (dir.), « Les “années 68” des sciences humaines et sociales », Revue d'histoire des sciences humaines, n° 26, 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Ridley, Simon

    2015-01-01

    Seule revue francophone dans son domaine, la Revue d’histoire des sciences humaines fait son retour après une interruption de près de quatre ans. Les directeurs de la revue, Wolf Feuerhahn et Olivier Orain, commencent dans leur éditorial par insister sur la faible rentabilité des revues scientifiques, et remercient de leur générosité la maison d’édition qui a repris le flambeau – les Publications de la Sorbonne – ainsi que le centre Alexandre-Koyré, le Centre d’études et de recherches sur l’e...

  6. From Simulation Model to Critique of Structuration

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    In this paper I use a simulation model of Learning to Labor (Willis 1981) to critique Giddens’ structuration theory (Giddens 1984). The simulation model represents interactions between a group of non-conformist boys from Birmingham, England and an industrial capitalist business. I present the results of three simulation experiments designed to test the limits of structuration theory by exploring when decision-making based in cultural meaning conflicts with structural power and when it reprodu...

  7. Book review: Justification and critique by Rainer Forst

    OpenAIRE

    Nell, Miranda

    2014-01-01

    "Justification and Critique." Rainer Forst. Polity. October 2013. --- With Justification and Critique, noted political theorist Rainer Forst presents a selection of essays on the limits and potential of justice. Starting from the concept of justification as a basic social practice, Forst develops a theory of political and social justice, human rights and democracy, as well as of power and of critique itself. Miranda Nell finds this an insightful and exciting read.

  8. Critiquing based on computer-stored medical records

    OpenAIRE

    Van Der Lei, Johan

    1991-01-01

    textabstractThe purpose of this study was the creation of a model for critiquing based on data obtained from computer-stored medical records. The underlying assumption is that data obtained from automated medical records can be used to generate a medically relevant critique. To validate our ideas, we developed a system, HyperCritic, that critiques the decision making of general practitioners (GPs) caring for patients with hypertension

  9. Review: Hérodote: Revue de géographie et de géopolitique, 2011/3, no. 142: Géopolitique du Sahara, Paris: La Découverte Besprechung: Hérodote: Revue de géographie et de géopolitique, 2011/3, Nr. 142: Géopolitique du Sahara, Paris: La Découverte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurence Marfaing

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Review of the issue 2011/3, no. 142, of Hérodote: Revue de géographie et de géopolitique: Géopolitique du Sahara, Paris: La Découverte.Besprechung der Ausgabe 2011/3, Nr. 142, von Hérodote: Revue de géographie et de géopolitique: Géopolitique du Sahara, Paris: La Découverte.

  10. Analyzing the effects of different critique techniques on the success of interior architecture students

    OpenAIRE

    Günday, Çiler Gözde

    2015-01-01

    Cataloged from PDF version of article. This study presents the design education literature in terms of design studio learning by reviewing teaching styles, learning models and learning process. Additionally, the term critique is defined as a backbone of the learning process in design studios. The study focuses on three-critique techniques that are desk critiques, pin-up critiques and group critiques. The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of different critique t...

  11. An Incremental Model for Developing Educational Critiquing Systems: Experiences with the Java Critiquer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiu, Lin; Riesbeck, Christopher

    2008-01-01

    Individualized feedback is an important factor in fostering learning. However, it is often not seen in schools because providing it places considerable additional workload on teachers. One way to solve this problem is to employ critiquing systems. These systems, however, require significant development effort before they can be put into use. In…

  12. Les trois dimensions de la sociologie critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean De Munck

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available La sociologie est-elle critique ou non critique ? Le clivage semble de naissance, la division irrémédiable. De sa naissance à nos jours, jamais notre discipline n’a pu refermer sa coupure originelle. Deux traditions se disputent le champ de la sociologie. Son histoire est ponctuée de grands débats. Cet article se propose de contribuer à une clarification épistémologique de la notion de « sociologie critique », beaucoup d’ambiguïtés accompagnant en effet la discussion de ce concept très complexe.The three dimensions of critical sociologyIs sociology critical or not? The cleavage seems from birth, the division irremediable. From its birth to today, our discipline has never been able to close its original cut. Two traditions fight over the sociology field. Its history is punctuated with major debates. This article proposes to contribute to an epistemological clarification of the notion of “critical sociology”, since a lot of ambiguities accompanies in fact the arguments around this very complex concept.Las tres dimensiones de la sociología crítica¿Posee la sociología una capacidad crítica? Esta cuestión es congenial y la división consecuente entre la capacidad o la incapacidad es irremediable.  Desde su nacimiento, nunca la sociología ha podido resolver este dilema. Dos tradiciones, acompañadas continuamente por polémicas, se oponen. El autor propone de contribuir a una clarificación epistemológica de la noción de « sociología crítica » porque numerosas ambigüedades están presentes cuando se analiza este concepto ya de por si complejo.

  13. Designing for critique, designing for reflection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Løfgreen, Lars Bo

    2010-01-01

    litteraturliste og et stikordsregister. Bogen rummer kapitlerne: “Visual topography: analysing the visual context of an interactive interface” af Lise Agerbæk, “Designing (with) Creativity” af Heidi Philipsen, “Designing for critique, designing for reflection – the (re)emergence of aesthetics in current design...... practice” af Lars Bo Løfgreen, “The Real, the Virtual, and the Practical” af Cynthia Grund og Jesper Pilegaard, “Creative Cross Media Communications and Concepts - Relations between television serials, websites, webisodes and mobile films” af Heidi Philipsen, “Corporate blogs – face strategies help your...

  14. The Deregulation Critique of the Federal Role in Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clune, William H., III

    The deregulation critique of the federal role in education asserts that education can be as productive with less federal intervention. This critique can be broken down into three groupings of separate criticisms. The first group denies the value or feasibility of federal goals. These criticisms insist either that federal goals are not worthwhile…

  15. Kantian Critique as a possible Driver for Planned Change

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Martin Lund; Bordum, Anders

    2015-01-01

    In this article it is revealed that planned change approaches operate with multiple drivers for change, but often neglect critique as a relevant driver for change. This is in contradistinction to approaches within the social sciences, where critique is often seen as a relevant approach to creatin...

  16. The Crisis of Critique in Critical Management Studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lystbæk, Christian Tang

    management studies are equally based upon reductionist, problematic assumptions regarding the conception of, not management, but critique. Thus, this paper identifies a crisis in critical management studies in terms of simplified accounts of critique. There has been and still is a rough dividing line between...... represent simplified accounts of critique, at least methodologically: Their equally one-sided focus is the reason why discussions have been polarized around universalist and relativist approaches. Thus, one implication of the argument made in this paper is that critical management studies should consider...... both directions and employ both conceptions in their critique. Critique should not ignore one of the dual aims. Hence, my paper will point toward a Third Wave of critical management studies, addressing the question (or quest) whether the fundamental tension between Normativity and Contextuality can...

  17. MAIN PROBLEMS OF THE PHILOSOPHICAL CRITIQUE OF RELIGION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jowita Guja

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper is a synthetic overview of main problems of the philosophical critique of religion. In the beginning I identify and characterize three general threads of the critique: the enlightenment, the alienational and the thread which focuses on the problem of theodicy. The greater part of my article is devoted to the alienational critique of religion n its two types: atheistic (Feuerbach, Marx, Freud, Nietzsche, Sartre and theistic (Barth. The subjects of my analysis are the sources and foundations of the alienational critique of religion and the most important problems implied by it: the essence of religion, the ideal of the irreligious man, the prospect to remove religion. The analysis presents troubles and confusions connected to these subjects: they emerge in atheistic type of alienational critique of religion.

  18. Revues qui comptent, revues qu’on compte :produire des classements en économie et gestion Estimated Journals, Esteemed Journals.The shaping of rankings in economics and management Las Revistas que cuenta, las revistas que se cuentan: producir las clasificaciones en economía y gestión

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Pontille

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article présente une sociologie des classifications de revues en économie et gestion. S’appuyant sur un vaste ensemble de sources documentaires et d’entretiens complémentaires, il étudie la trajectoire du classement de revues de la section 37 du CNRS, depuis ses prémisses de 2001 jusqu’à sa version actuelle, et documente quatre principales étapes de fabrication et de transformation. Ce classement est d’abord conçu comme un outil de justice sociale pour les candidats et les laboratoires, fondé sur une expertise largement externe à la section 37. Il devient ensuite une catégorisation raisonnée, solidifiée par l’examen en comité restreint d’arguments partageables afin de résister à la comparaison avec d’autres classements. Puis, l’AERES l’érige en un instrument de comptage et d’évaluation, sur la base d’un contenu presque identique au précédent, mais dont l’usage convenable est radicalement transformé. Il est enfin une partie d’une liste de revues beaucoup plus longue servant seulement au calcul du taux de « produisants en recherche et valorisation ». Chacune des classifications produites est systématiquement accompagnée de clauses de révision ou d’actualisation : elles sont d’emblée définies comme provisoires, sujettes à certaines formes de critique, et donc ontologiquement instables. Elles sont donc soumises à un cycle publication/usages/révisions quasi-continu, proposant de nouvelles frontières et normes d’exercice professionnel.This article presents a sociology of journal classifications in economics and management. Based on extensive documentary sources and complementary interviews, it analyses the trajectory of the journal ranking of the French National Committee for Scientific Research 37th section, from its premises in 2001 to its current version, and shows four main production and transformation steps. The journal ranking is first conceived as a social justice tool

  19. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI, Année 2002, n° 46-51

    OpenAIRE

    Viaud, Jean-Bernard

    2002-01-01

    Januzec, P. (2002). Serveurs de courrier liste, serveurs pop, smtp. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI (Enseignement Public & Informatique), janv. 2002, (46).e46p03Moatti D. (2002). Signe authentique, signe numérique, la signature électronique. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI (Enseignement Public & Informatique), janv. 2002, (46).e46p04Zerhane, R., Janati-Idrissi, R., Khaldi, M., Blaghen, M., Talbi, M. (2002). Immuno-logi : hypermédia pour l'enseignement et l'apprentissage de l'immunol...

  20. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI, Année 2010, n° 121-130

    OpenAIRE

    Archambault, Jean-Pierre

    2010-01-01

    Accès aux articles et documents dans le fichier attaché index.html. EPI, Archambault, J.-P. (2010). Éditorial : Enseignement de l'informatique, en France et ailleurs. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI (Enseignement Public & Informatique), jan. 2010, (121). a1001a Archambault, J.-P. (2010). Économie de l'immatériel et logiciels libres. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI (Enseignement Public & Informatique), jan. 2010, (121). a1001b Fayon, D. (2010). Vers l'enseignement d'une disciplin...

  1. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI, Année 2012, n° 141-150

    OpenAIRE

    Archambault, Jean-Pierre

    2012-01-01

    Accès aux articles et documents dans le fichier attaché index.html. EPI, Archambault, J.-P. (2012). Éditorial : Une commission de l'Académie des Sciences sur l'enseignement de l'informatique. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI (Enseignement Public & Informatique), jan. 2012, (141). a1201a Archambault, J.-P. (2012). Au bout de dix ans de pratique du B2i, nous constatons un échec. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI (Enseignement Public & Informatique), jan. 2012, (141). a1201b Karsenti, ...

  2. La visibilité des revues scientifiques francophones sur le plan international : le cas des SIC et d'Études de Communication

    OpenAIRE

    Bergot, Antoine

    2012-01-01

    Les Sciences de l'Information et de la Communication sont une discipline spécifiquement française. Les anglo-saxons ont maintenus la différence entre, d'une part, la Library and Information Science et les Communication and Media Studies. Appartenant au champ des SIC la revue Études de Communication aborde à la fois des thématiques propres au champ de la LIS et au champ des media studies. La visibilité des revues francophones à l'international, dans un monde qui s'anglicise de plus en plus, es...

  3. A critique of cannabis legalization proposals in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalant, Harold

    2016-08-01

    An editorial in this issue describes a cannabis policy framework document issued by a major Canadian research centre, calling for legalization of non-medical use under strict controls to prevent increase in use, especially by adolescents and young adults who are most vulnerable to adverse effects of cannabis. It claims that such a system would eliminate the severe personal, social and monetary costs of prohibition, diminish the illicit market, and provide more humane management of cannabis use disorders. It claims that experience with regulation of alcohol and tobacco will enable a system based on public health principles to control access of youth to cannabis without the harm caused by prohibition. The present critique argues that the claims made against decriminalization and for legalization are unsupported, or even contradicted, by solid evidence. Early experience in other jurisdictions suggests that legalization increases use by adolescents and its attendant harms. Regulation of alcohol use does not provide a good model for cannabis controls because there is widespread alcohol use and harm among adolescents and young adults. Government monopolies of alcohol sale have been used primarily as sources of revenue rather than for guarding public health, and no reason has been offered to believe they would act differently with respect to cannabis. Good policy decisions require extensive unbiased information about the individual and social benefits and costs of both drug use and proposed control measures, and value judgments about the benefit/harm balance of each option. Important parts of the necessary knowledge about cannabis are not yet available, so that the value judgments are not yet possible. Therefore, a better case can be made for eliminating some of the harms of prohibition by decriminalization of cannabis possession and deferring decision about legalization until the necessary knowledge has been acquired. PMID:27292414

  4. Theories of the welfare state: a critique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gough, I

    1978-01-01

    The article considers three major non-Marxist explanations of the modern welfare state: functionalist sociological theories, economic theories of government policy, and pluralist theories of democracy. Each is subjected to a critique and all are found wanting, in that none can satisfactorily explain the observable similarities and differences in state welfare intervention within advanced capitalist countries. Functionalist theories can explain the dominant trends at work within all countries, but not the immense diversity in state policies which still persists. Economic and pluralist theories can explain the diversity but not the determinant trends. This failing is related to the separation objective and subjective aspects in historical explanation: the first school objectifies history, the second subjectifies it. The article concludes by asserting, but not arguing, that a Marxist approach offers a more fruitful way of understanding the welfare state, insofar as it rejects this separation. PMID:631962

  5. Critique of an Existing Language Syllabus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘可

    2013-01-01

    This article is intended for exploration and critique of some issues of the syllabus for Certificate in English for Business. The issues examined are what ideologies are behind the design, what types of the syllabus are and whether it is likely to develop the communicative competence. In addition, the comparison between the learning outcomes and objectives of the education pro⁃gram is also included. Next, the process-oriented syllabus which is different from the category of the teaching plan is taken into consideration as well. Finally, minor problems on whether the design is likely to meet the learners’needs and motivate the learn⁃ers, whether it is likely for the teacher to the implement the plan are covered, being discussed briefly.

  6. Compulsory Creativity: A Critique of Cognitive Capitalism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steen Nepper Larsen

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Contemporary capitalism can be labelled cognitive capitalism. In this dynamic, demanding and extremely transformative mode of production, knowledge becomes a strategic force of production and an important commodity, while concepts and ideas become items. This article sheds light on some of the implications of the emergence of a cognitive capitalism. In response to modern oxymorons, such as compulsory creativity and mandatory originality, this article offers various attempts to interpret and criticise how human inventiveness and a whole range of externalities get attuned to economic and market strategies, depriving them their natural, social and individual qualities. The aim of this article is to renew and sharpen a critique of the new type of capitalism and to foster some normative bricks that might be able to inspire alternative ways of thinking and living.

  7. The Ambivalence of Creative Activism as a Reorganization of Critique

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harrebye, Silas

    2015-01-01

    This article identifies an emerging type of critique and defines it as creative activism. It is argued why this is distinguishable from earlier similar forms of protests and shown why traditional theories of political art, social movements and citizenship are in themselves insufficient to accurat......This article identifies an emerging type of critique and defines it as creative activism. It is argued why this is distinguishable from earlier similar forms of protests and shown why traditional theories of political art, social movements and citizenship are in themselves insufficient...... the reorganization of critique regardless of whether one views creative activism suspiciously as a societal symptom or more optimistically as a democratic potential...

  8. The Kingdom of God. Martin Buber's Critique of Messianic Politics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Mendes- Flohr

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Through a textual and contextual analysis of Martin Buber’s scholarly disquisition, Königtum Gottes (1932, the article focuses on his critique of political Messianism. This critique is addressed to his friends who participated in the Bavarian Revolution of 1918/19, the political theology of Friedrich Gogarten and Carl Schmitt, and given trends in Zionism. This article discusses the affinities of Buber’s critique of political Messianism with that of Max Weber who like Buber called for a political and ethical re-valorization of the everyday. This call is contrasted with Walter Benjamin’s political Messianism, whose dialectic in effect endorses a similar ethos.

  9. Entre Classicisme et Modernité : La Nouvelle Revue Française dans le champ littéraire de la Belle Epoque

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koffeman-Bijman, M.N.

    2003-01-01

    The literary review La Nouvelle Revue Française enjoys an enormous prestige in France. In Entre Classicisme et Modernité, Maaike Koffeman explores the origins of this legend of French literary life by means of a historical, literary and sociological analysis of the first years of the review s existe

  10. Cultural Journalism and Cultural Critique in a changing Media Landscape

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard Kristensen, Nete; From, Unni

    2015-01-01

    “journalism” and “critique”; (2) the dialectic of globalisation’s cultural homogenisation, on the one hand, and the specificity of local/national cultures, on the other; and (3) the digital media landscape seen in terms of the need to rethink, perhaps even redefine cultural journalism and cultural critique......This special issue addresses a topic of journalism studies that has previously been somewhat neglected but which has gained increasing scholarly attention since the mid-2000s: the coverage and evaluation of art and culture, or what we term “cultural journalism and cultural critique.” In this...... introduction, we highlight three issues that serve to frame the study of cultural journalism and cultural critique more generally and the eight articles of this special issue more specifically: (1) the constant challenge of demarcating cultural journalism and cultural critique, including the interrelations of...

  11. Out of time : the limits of secular critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Randell-Moon, Holly

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A review of Talal Asad, Wendy Brown, Judith Butler, Saba Mahmood, 'Is critique secular? Blasphemy, injury, and free speech' and Michael Warner, Jonathan Vanantwerpen, and Craig Calhoun (eds, 'Varieties of secularism in a secular age'.

  12. Criticizing the Lucas Critique: Macroeconometricians' Response to Robert Lucas

    OpenAIRE

    Goutsmedt, Aurélien; Pinzon-Fuchs, Erich; Renault, Matthieu; Sergi, Francesco

    2015-01-01

    The standard history of macroeconomics considers Lucas (1976)– “the Lucas Critique” –as a path-breaking innovation for the discipline. According to this view Lucas's article dismissed the traditional macroeconometric practice calling for new ways of conceiving the quantitative evaluation of economic policies. The Lucas Critique is considered, nowadays, as a fundamental principle of macroeconomic modeling (Woodford, 2003). The interpretation and the application of the Critique, however, repres...

  13. Time and Presence in Agamben’s Critique of Deconstruction

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Enmeshed with Agamben’s critique of metaphysics is his critique of deconstruction. Following the sentiment he first outlined in Language and Death: The Place of Negativity (1982), deconstruction’s alleged attempt to displace the privileging of speech with that of writing to thereby dispel the negativity at the core of Western metaphysics, to the contrary has the effect of reifying this problem by expressing its terms most perfectly. Agamben takes this criticism further in the Homo Sacer serie...

  14. Scaffolding Online Collaborative Critiquing for Educational Video Production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yiong Hwee Teo

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available In art, design and media education, learning from examples has been an established way to coach students. To derive greater benefits, teachers should get students to go beyond mere studying of examples. This paper focuses on engaging novice learners in collaborative critiquing of real examples of professional work and past student work in the context of producing an educational video project. While critiquing of such works is not new in art education, there is however scant literature on how to involve students in collaborative critiquing in an online environment involving video projects. A four-step critique model was therefore designed as procedural scaffolding and implemented in an online system, Knowledge Community. A group of Singapore pre-service teachers were engaged in online collaborative critiquing of videos before they embarked on their video projects to illustrate what constitutes good and bad video production. This research points to the value of online collaborative critiquing as a way to facilitate novice designers‟ progress towards expertise. In this environment learners are able to look at problems through multiple perspectives, generate their own solutions and build knowledge that uses the overlapping expertise of the online community.

  15. Distance et proximité entre plusieurs discours dans l’argot journalistique de la revue Variety

    OpenAIRE

    Ropert, François

    2012-01-01

    Variety se définit comme une publication corporatiste, spécialisée et grand public. L’article se concentre sur la manière dont le slanguage, l’argot journalistique utilisé dans la revue, contribue au niveau du discours à l’établissement d’une ligne éditoriale éclectique, destinée à consolider l’adhésion d’un vaste lectorat. Cet éclectisme est tout d’abord mis à l’épreuve du positionnement de Variety face aux intérêts respectifs de l’industrie hollywoodienne et du secteur indépendant. La fonct...

  16. Contribuer au soulagement de la douleur cancéreuse: une revue de littérature

    OpenAIRE

    Rossi, Sophie; Rossel, Martine

    2012-01-01

    La douleur non soulagée est un problème pour de nombreux patients atteints d’un cancer. En partant du principe que toute infirmière sera un jour amenée à s’occuper de patients souffrant d’un cancer, il est important d’explorer ce qui favorise une bonne gestion de la douleur dans le cadre de cette maladie. Au travers de cette revue de littérature, je me suis intéressée à la douleur cancéreuse et à son soulagement à partir des deux questions de recherche suivantes : Comment l’infirmière peut-el...

  17. La place des revues dans la communication scientifique en régime de libre accès

    OpenAIRE

    Jaffrin, Ivan; Parisot, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    En guise d’introduction au dossier que publie la Revue européenne des sciences sociales sur les enjeux du libre accès en sciences humaines et sociales, le présent article revient sur la polémique qui a suivi, en France, dans le secteur des SHS, la publication de la Recommandation de la Commission européenne du 17 juillet 2012 relative à « l’accès aux informations scientifiques et à leur conservation ». Après avoir observé les argumentations en présence et analysé les stratégies des différents...

  18. Decoherence in quantum gravity: issues and critiques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An increasing number of papers have appeared in recent years on decoherence in quantum gravity at the Planck energy. We discuss the meaning of decoherence in quantum gravity starting from the common notion that quantum gravity is a theory for the microscopic structures of spacetime, and invoking some generic features of quantum decoherence from the open systems viewpoint. We dwell on a range of issues bearing on this process including the relation between statistical and quantum, noise from effective field theory, the meaning of stochasticity, the origin of non-unitarity and the nature of nonlocality in this and related contexts. To expound these issues we critique on two representative theories: One claims that decoherence in quantum gravity scale leads to the violation of CPT symmetry at sub-Planckian energy which is used to explain today's particle phenomenology. The other uses this process in place with the Brownian motion model to prove that spacetime foam behaves like a thermal bath. A companion paper will deal with intrinsic and fundamental decoherence which also bear on issues in classical and quantum gravity

  19. Redefining disability: a rejoinder to a critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solveig Magnus Reindal

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Recently, scholars have argued that disability activists' redefinition of disability' as a social problem, rather than a medical problem, is maleficent, unjust, and inconsistent. It seems that the discussion on whether disability is a medical or a social category is not settled and that disability is an essentially contested concept. However, the question is: What is the social aspect in disability? It appears that there is some confusion as to what the social is in a social definition of disability. The article pursues possible reasons for this confusion by investigating the critique of the social model. This is followed by a discussion on what a possible space for the social might be in a social definition of disability. Such a space is illuminated by using the framework of the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health (ICF. The article suggests that disability as a social category is not inconsistent if reframed within a social relational model of disability.http://dx.doi.org/10.5324/eip.v4i1.1744

  20. Art and the critique of the enlightenment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novaković Marko

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Summary The aim of this paper is to provide an examination of the concept of aesthetic rationality in the philosophy of art of Theodor W. Adorno, related to his celebrated critique of the enlightenment in The Dialectic of the Enlightenment written with Max Horkheimer. Our main purpose is to show how Adorno’s conception of art responds to a problem posed in the former study, namely that of a dialectical self-enchantment and alienation of subjective reason. In the first two sections is shown how self-preservation of subjective reason leads to its fall into the realm of myth. This turn was dialectically exposed in Adorno’s interpretation of Odysseus’ voyage as prahistory of subjectivity. The next four chapters expose a necessity and mode of critical approach and possibility of a transcendence of this mythical reality of reification in the structure of works of art, especially their form, with its ultimate goal to free individuals from social injustice and unconscious enslavement. Adorno’s account of the dialectics of aesthetic semblance, artistic truth content and immanent law of its form which embodies the consciousness of non-identity provides an ex­planation how modern art mimetically manages to transcend conditions of empirical reality and at the same time offers a plausible model of a “transitive“ rationality, which serves to discover its better possibilities.

  1. The reflexive self and culture: a critique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Matthew

    2003-06-01

    This article attempts to engage with a tendency in the theorization of social change and self-identity, evident in the work of a number of contemporary social theorists, to place an extended process of reflexivity at the heart of modern identity. As symptomatic of 'neo-modern' accounts of selfhood, critical readings of Giddens, Beck, Castells and some aspects of social theory more generally, and their account of modern reflexivity's relationship to culture, are assessed. In light of these criticisms, ways in which culture might still play an important part in the shaping of identity are considered. The relationship between language, culture and reflexivity, drawing from philosophy, sociology and G. H. Mead's own brand of social psychology, are all utilized in establishing a critique of the role Giddens and others designate for culture in the constitution of the contemporary self. By potentially repositioning self-identity in its connection to culture, the overall bearing of reflexivity upon the processes of self-identity is thus questioned. It is argued that a culturally-situated, yet fluid and multifarious account of self-identity is a necessary analytical and normative alternative. PMID:12945868

  2. Kay Boyle et la revue transition (1927-1938) : « A new meaning to my life »

    OpenAIRE

    Mansanti, Céline

    2013-01-01

    Cet article s’intéresse au rôle de la petite revue américaine d’exil transition (Paris, 1927-1938) dans la formation et la carrière de Kay Boyle, et réciproquement, à l’apport de Boyle au modernisme de transition. La revue joue un rôle déterminant dans la vie et la carrière de l’écrivaine : elle y trouve un lieu de publication inédit (vingt textes publiés, essentiellement des poèmes et des nouvelles), le précieux soutien de Jolas, son directeur, y découvre de nouvelles écritures (celles des s...

  3. Comment évaluer l'exposition aux pesticides de l’air en population générale ? Enseignements d’une revue bibliographique

    OpenAIRE

    Aschan-Leygonie, Christina; Baudet-Michel, Sophie; Harpet, Cyrille; Augendre, Marie; Lavie, Émilie; Grésillon, Etienne; Hechinger, Morgane

    2015-01-01

    Cet article présente les méthodes mises en œuvre pour évaluer l’exposition aux pesticides de l’air en population générale. Il repose sur une revue bibliographique conduite à partir d’articles portant sur l’exposition environnementale en Amérique du Nord, Europe et Australie et parus dans des revues médicales et de sciences humaines. Dans un premier temps, les méthodes d’évaluation directe (présence des pesticides dans l'air, dans les poussières intérieures des résidences ou dans les matrices ...

  4. La chronologie du début du IIe millénaire revue à l'ombre d'une éclipse de soleil

    OpenAIRE

    Michel, Cécile; Rocher, Patrick

    2000-01-01

    à lire en lien avec Michel NABU 2002/20 International audience La chronologie du Proche-Orient ancien dans la première moitié du IIe millénaire av. J.-C. revue à l'examen d'une éclipse de soleil, des données dendrochronologiques, des données archéologiques, des sceaux et des textes cunéiformes.

  5. Literature, Immanent Critique, and the Problem of Standpoint

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neil Larsen

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available What might a method for critical theory that advances beyond the tenets of “ideology-critique” look like? For Neil Larsen, the answer lies in Marxism’s own recourse to immanent critique. Yet, with the notable exceptions of Adorno and Lukács, immanent critique has bothered little with the problem of standpoint in relation to cultural, and, in particular, literary objects. Larsen, then, attempts to specify an immanent critical standpoint of literature that allows for the articulation of a dialectical critique that dispenses with what he identifies as the “fallacy of application.” Demonstrating how any literary theory — Marxist and otherwise — is, of necessity, immanent to the text, this essay turns to the question of method as a means of grasping the relationship between the literary text as “subject/object” and the social totality.

  6. Dialogue and learning in mathematics education intention, reflection, critique

    CERN Document Server

    Alro, Helle

    2002-01-01

    This title is concerned with communication in mathematics class-rooms. In a series of empirical studies of project work, it follows students' inquiry co-operation as well as students' obstructions to inquiry co-operation. Both are considered important for a theory of learning mathematics. Special attention is paid to the notions of 'dialogue' and 'critique'. A central idea is that 'dialogue' supports 'critical learning of mathematics'. The link between dialogue and critique is developed further by including the notions of 'intention' and 'reflection'.

  7. A feminist critique of research on women's work and health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Im, E O

    2000-03-01

    Research on women's work and health largely has failed to incorporate gender into the models of the processes through which work influences well-being. In this article, the research on women's work and health is critiqued from a feminist perspective; male-oriented and ethnocentric views on women's work are negated, and gender and socioeconomic issues are highlighted and included in the picture of women's work. Male-centered and ethnocentric views and assumptions on women's work are prevalent in the whole research process, and methodological limitations due to the distorted views are indicated. Based on the critique, some implications for future research on women's work and health are proposed. PMID:10818832

  8. Nursing research on physical activity: a feminist critique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Im, E

    2001-04-01

    Studies on physical activity have rarely included women as research participants, and have been mainly conducted among Western populations. In this paper, nursing research on women's physical activity is analyzed and critiqued using a feminist perspective that respects and values women's own experiences and their diversities. An extensive literature search was conducted using computerized data retrieval systems and 47 empirical studies published in nursing literature were selected and analyzed. The critique is presented with three main themes emerged from the analysis: (a) "without considering women's own experiences"; (b) "implicit androcentric and ethnocentric assumptions"; (c) "without meaningful interactions". Based on the analysis, future directions for nursing research on physical activity are proposed. PMID:11223059

  9. Contesting the Dominant Paradigm: Feminist Critiques of Liberal Legalism

    OpenAIRE

    Hunter, Rosemary

    2013-01-01

    The concept of ‘liberal legalism’ refers to a set of assumptions found within law in societies and regimes (such as the international legal order) in which liberalism is the dominant political philosophy. These assumptions broadly concern: (a) the nature of the legal person; and (b) the role of law. This chapter will provide an account of both of these aspects of liberal legalism, and the feminist critiques to which they have been subject. Feminist critiques have been mounted from a variety o...

  10. "Critique" Immanent in "practice': New Frankfurt School and American pragmatism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    As a result of a new understanding of the relation between theory and representative,highly values the philosophical tradition of American pragmatism,in contrast to the first generation Critical Theorists represented by Max Horkheimer.In Habermas,the idea of "critique" is,both substantially and methodologically,closely connected with the idea of "praxis" in the following senses:communicative action,rational argumentation,public discussion and political culture."Critique" is thus found to be immanent in "praxis";or,a la Horkheimer,pragmatism turns out to be a "critical philosophical analysis" without "falling back upon objective reason and mythology."

  11. Negative Goals and Identity: Revisiting Sen's Critique of Homo Economicus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christoph Hanisch

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Sen's critique of the homo economicus conception of choice asserts that agents who 'displace' their goals, and instead choose on the basis of others', are not therefore irrational. I first defend Sen against the objection that violations of "self-goal choice" undermine coherent deliberation. My critique of Sen then introduces the notion of 'negative goals' and shows that the process of adopting others' aims remains constrained by those 'goals' that determine the spectrum of actions that an agent considers permissible. Only on rare occasions are we pushed to violate even these negative goals that play a central role for our identities.

  12. Negative Goals and Identity: Revisiting Sen's Critique of Homo Economicus

    OpenAIRE

    Christoph Hanisch

    2013-01-01

    Sen’s critique of the homo economicus conception of choice asserts that agents who ‘displace’ their goals, and instead choose on the basis of others’, are not therefore irrational. I first defend Sen against the objection that violations of “self-goal choice” undermine coherent deliberation. My critique of Sen then introduces the notion of ‘negative goals’ and shows that the process of adopting others’ aims remains constrained by those ‘goals’ that determine the spectrum of actions that an ag...

  13. Antagonism, social critique and the ‘violent reverie’

    OpenAIRE

    Hook, Derek

    2014-01-01

    This paper opens up a series of windows on racialised life in past and present South Africa as a way arguing for the value of antagonism as a mode of critical enquiry. Sampling a cross-section of recent writing on South African race politics, the paper calls attention both to strident critiques of white privilege, and to concerns over allegedly anti-white populism. Chabani Manganyi’s notion of the violent reverie is used to argue that such oppositional critique affords a crucial expressive mo...

  14. Literature, Immanent Critique, and the Problem of Standpoint

    OpenAIRE

    Neil Larsen

    2009-01-01

    What might a method for critical theory that advances beyond the tenets of “ideology-critique” look like? For Neil Larsen, the answer lies in Marxism’s own recourse to immanent critique. Yet, with the notable exceptions of Adorno and Lukács, immanent critique has bothered little with the problem of standpoint in relation to cultural, and, in particular, literary objects. Larsen, then, attempts to specify an immanent critical standpoint of literature that allows for the articulation of a diale...

  15. The Critique of The Moral Worldview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ezra Heymann

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumen:El examen de la visión moral del mundo que Hegel realiza en la Fenomenología del Espíritu VI C es polémico y hostil en sus acentos. Sin embargo, las objeciones puntuales a los planteamientos comunes a la ética kantiana y fichteana son justas y deben ser tenidas en cuenta cuando tratamos de rescatar lo que la ética kantiana tiene de convincente.La crítica de Hegel se centra en la relación que se da en todo actuar entre la conciencia y la naturaleza: tanto la naturaleza a la cual la acción se aplica y en medio de la cual se desenvuelve, como la naturaleza interior que alimenta y da fuerza ejecutiva al pensar y querer. Hegel muestra que la reivindicación de una autarquía de la conciencia moral no es sólo quimérica; ella desconoce la razón de ser y la posibilidad interna de la acción. Al poner de manifiesto la esencial incompletitud de todo saber moral, sea en la forma de una conciencia en general, sea en la de una individualidad que se autoafirma, Hegel abre una perspectiva a su noción de espíritu absoluto, entendido como la conciencia que reconoce en la contrariedad y en su insuficiencia su propio y adecuado elemento vital. Abstract:Hegel's examination of the “moral worldview” in his Phenomenology of Spirit , VI C, is anything but friendly. Nevertheless, his precise objections to the common basis of Kant's and Fichte's ethics are justified, and we must give them due attention if we want to work out what we find convincing in Kantian ethics. Hegel's critique focuses on the relationship between consciousness and nature: both the world in which action takes place and develops, and our inner nature which nurtures and gives executive force to our thought and our inclinations. To consider moral consciousness autarchic is not only unrealistic, according to Hegel; it also means to ignore the rationale and the internal possibility of action. By revealing the essential incompleteness of all moral knowledge, this chapter opens a

  16. Critical Thinking and the Question of Critique: Some Lessons from Deconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biesta, Gert J. J.; Stams, Geert Jan J. M.

    2001-01-01

    Provides some philosophical groundwork for contemporary debates about the idea of critical thinking. Discusses three styles of critique: critical dogmatism, transcendental critique (Karl-Otto Apel), and deconstruction (Jacques Derrida). Argues that while transcendental critique is able to solve some of the problems of the dogmatic approach to…

  17. From Hamburg to Belem: The Limits of Technocratic Thinking in Adult Learning Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres, Carlos Alberto

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses some of the generalized analyses of adult learning education, mostly informed by technocratic thinking, highlighting perceived trends in adult learning education between CONFINTEA V and CONFITEA VI. Those trends could be understood as challenges. Employing a political sociology of adult learning education as a critique of…

  18. Response to Pienemann's Critique of Zhang and Lantolf (2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lantolf, James P.; Zhang, Xian

    2015-01-01

    We respond here to Pienemann's critique of our study that appeared earlier this year in the Language Learning Special Issue entitled "Orders and Sequences in the Acquisition of L2 Morphosyntax, 40 Years On" and guest edited by Jan Hulstijn, Rod Ellis, and Søren Eskildsen. Pienemann objected to our claim that the Teachability Hypothesis…

  19. A critique of the ontology of consumer enchantment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Per; Fitchett, James; Jantzen, Christian

    2013-01-01

    The concept of enchantment offers a plausible explanation of the lures and thrills of consumer culture. We examine the theoretical foundation of the concept through a critique of Ritzer's enchantment thesis. We begin by assessing the enchantment/disenchantment discourse through a review of the ma...

  20. Acultural Assumptions of Empiricism: A Native Hawaiian Critique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Manu Aluli

    2001-01-01

    A Native Hawaiian critiques the notion that philosophy is acultural, focusing on the spiritual and cultural context of knowledge, cultural influences on perception, relationships as the basis of epistemology, practical knowledge, the power of words in an oral culture, the mind-body question, and the politics of education. (SV)

  1. Medical humanities and their discontents: definitions, critiques, and implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapiro, Johanna; Coulehan, Jack; Wear, Delese; Montello, Martha

    2009-02-01

    The humanities offer great potential for enhancing professional and humanistic development in medical education. Yet, although many students report benefit from exposure to the humanities in their medical education, they also offer consistent complaints and skepticism. The authors offer a pedagogical definition of the medical humanities, linking it to medicine as a practice profession. They then explore three student critiques of medical humanities curricula: (1) the content critique, examining issues of perceived relevance and intellectual bait-and-switch, (2) the teaching critique, which examines instructor trustworthiness and perceived personal intrusiveness, and (3) the structural/placement critique, or how and when medical humanities appear in the curriculum. Next, ways are suggested to tailor medical humanities to better acknowledge and reframe the needs of medical students. These include ongoing cross-disciplinary reflective practices in which intellectual tools of the humanities are incorporated into educational activities to help students examine and, at times, contest the process, values, and goals of medical practice. This systematic, pervasive reflection will organically lead to meaningful contributions from the medical humanities in three specific areas of great interest to medical educators: professionalism, "narrativity," and educational competencies. Regarding pedagogy, the implications of this approach are an integrated required curriculum and innovative concepts such as "applied humanities scholars." In turn, systematic integration of humanities perspectives and ways of thinking into clinical training will usefully expand the range of metaphors and narratives available to reflect on medical practice and offer possibilities for deepening and strengthening professional education. PMID:19174663

  2. World Bank Education Policy: Do the Neoliberal Critiques Still Apply?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oise, Francine Menashy

    2007-01-01

    Throughout much of the 1990s, the overriding critique of the World Bank was placed on its neoliberal mandate, reflected in its various education measures. However, recently the Bank seems to have taken a notable shift away from this ideological stance in its rhetoric and initiatives. This paper attempts to ascertain the degree to which the…

  3. Five Critiques of the Open Educational Resources Movement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knox, Jeremy

    2013-01-01

    This paper will review existing literature on Open Educational Resources (OER). It is intended to examine and critique the theories which underpin the promotion of OER in higher education, not provide guidance on their implementation. (1) I will introduce the concepts of positive and negative liberty to suggest an under-theorisation of the term…

  4. Course Critiques: What Students Can Tell Us about Educational Efficacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, David B.

    A course critique based on a multi-channel model of education has been developed and administered to 1,599 students enrolled at the U.S. Air Force Academy in the 1988 spring semester. The single-page instrument asks students to evaluate contributions the overall course made to their personal enjoyment, critical thinking, and subject knowledge, as…

  5. Critiquing War in the Classroom: Professor Positionality, Vulnerability, and Possibility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taber, Nancy

    2014-01-01

    This article describes an analytic autoethnographical research study focusing on my experiences developing, delivering, and evaluating course content critiquing war from a feminist anti-militarist perspective as a pre-tenured faculty member. Themes include: professional vulnerability, student resistance, pedagogical possibility, and scholarly…

  6. Identities in Online Communities: A Young Woman's Critique of Cyberculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guzzetti, Barbara J.

    2008-01-01

    Cyberculture has been more celebrated as establishing sites of possibilities than critiqued as a source of limitations for identity representation. Few researchers have explored through "in situ" interviews and their own online participation how electronic forums may actually prevent young women's representations of themselves in cyberspace.…

  7. The econometrics of the Holy Grail: A critique (Revised version)

    OpenAIRE

    Keuzenkamp, H.A.

    1995-01-01

    This paper discusses the methodological views of David Hendry. A critique is given on the reification of the so-called Data Generating Process. The merits of general to specific modelling are analyzed. Hendry's neo-Popperian philosophy is examined. It is argued that this philosophy is not able to transform econometrics from `alchemy' to `science'.

  8. Compulsory creativity – a critique of cognitive capitalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Steen Nepper

    2014-01-01

    strategies, depriving them their natural, social and individual qualities. The aim of this article is to renew and sharpen a critique of the new type of capitalism and to foster some normative bricks that might be able to inspire alternative ways of thinking and living. Keywords: Cognitive capitalism...

  9. The silencing of Kierkegaard in Habermas' critique of genetic enhancement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christiansen, Karin

    2009-06-01

    The main purpose of this paper is to draw attention to an important part of Habermas' critique of genetic enhancement, which has been largely ignored in the discussion; namely his use of Kierkegaard's reflections on the existential conditions for becoming one-self from Either/or and the Sickness unto Death. It will be argued that, although Habermas presents some valuable and highly significant perspectives on the effect of genetic enhancement on the individual's self-understanding and ability to experience him- or herself as a free and equal individual, he does not succeed in working out a consistent argument. The claim is that he fails to explain how the existential analysis is related to his reflections on the sociological and psychological impacts of genetic enhancement in the realm of communicative action. It is this lack of theoretical clarity, which seems to render Habermas vulnerable to some of the critique which has been raised against his theory from a number of different scientific disciplines and areas of research. Hence, the first part of the paper provides some examples of the nature and variety of this critique, the second part presents Habermas' own critique of genetic enhancement in the context of a dispute between so-called 'liberal' and 'conservative' arguments, and finally, the third part discusses the limits and possibilities of his position in a future debate about genetic enhancement. PMID:19234761

  10. Feminism and psychology: critiques of methods and epistemology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eagly, Alice H; Riger, Stephanie

    2014-10-01

    Starting in the 1960s, many of the critiques of psychological science offered by feminist psychologists focused on its methods and epistemology. This article evaluates the current state of psychological science in relation to this feminist critique. The analysis relies on sources that include the PsycINFO database, the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (American Psychological Association, 2010), and popular psychology methods textbooks. After situating the feminist critique within the late-20th-century shift of science from positivism to postpositivism, the inquiry examines feminists' claims of androcentric bias in (a) the underrepresentation of women as researchers and research participants and (b) researchers' practices in comparing women and men and describing their research findings. In most of these matters, psychology manifests considerable change in directions advocated by feminists. However, change is less apparent in relation to some feminists' criticisms of psychology's reliance on laboratory experimentation and quantitative methods. In fact, the analyses documented the rarity in high-citation journals of qualitative research that does not include quantification. Finally, the analysis frames feminist methodological critiques by a consideration of feminist epistemologies that challenge psychology's dominant postpositivism. Scrutiny of methods textbooks and journal content suggests that within psychological science, especially as practiced in the United States, these alternative epistemologies have not yet gained substantial influence. PMID:25046701

  11. Automated Guidance for Thermodynamics Essays: Critiquing versus Revisiting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donnelly, Dermot F.; Vitale, Jonathan M.; Linn, Marcia C.

    2015-01-01

    Middle school students struggle to explain thermodynamics concepts. In this study, to help students succeed, we use a natural language processing program to analyze their essays explaining the aspects of thermodynamics and provide guidance based on the automated score. The 346 sixth-grade students were assigned to either the critique condition…

  12. Lymphome de la thyroide : à propos d’un cas et revue de littérature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.Taali

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Les lymphomes thyroïdiens sont rares. Ils peuvent être primitifs, représentant moins de 5% des néoplasies thyroïdiennes et se développant dans la plupart des cas sur une affection thyroïdienne préexistante notamment une thyroïdite d'Hashimoto, ou secondaires constituant une des localisations d'un lymphome disséminé. C’est une pathologie agressive, se présentant sous forme de goitre douloureux, d'installation rapide avec des signes compressifs. La majorité sont des lymphomes non hodgkinien type B. Nous rapportons un cas de lymphome thyroïdien primitif, diagnostiqué chez une patiente admise aux urgences dans un tableau de détresse respiratoire sur un énorme goitre apparu depuis 4 mois, sans antécédents pathologiques. Le diagnostic histologique était fait suite à une biopsie chirurgicale lors de la trachéotomie. Le traitement a consisté en une chimiothérapie exclusive. L'évolution était favorable. Nous discutons, après revue de littérature, les difficultés diagnostiques et les modalités thérapeutiques, tout en précisant la place de la chirurgie.

  13. ‘Toning’ up hypotonia assessment: A proposal and critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pragashnie Govender (nee' Naidoo

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Clinical assessment of hypotonia is challenging due to the subjective nature of the initial clinical evaluation. This poses dilemmas for practitioners in gaining accuracy, given that the presentation of hypotonia can be either a non-threatening or malevolent sign. The research question posed was how clinical assessment can be improved, given the current contentions expressed in the scientific literature.Objectives: This paper describes the development and critique of a clinical algorithm to aid the assessment of hypotonia.Methods: An initial exploratory sequential phase, consisting of a systematic review, a survey amongst clinicians and a Delphi process, assisted in the development of the algorithm, which is presented within the framework of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. The ensuing critique followed a qualitative emergent–systematic focus group design with a purposive sample of 59 clinicians. Data were analysed using semantical content analysis and are presented thematically with analytical considerations.Results: This study culminated in the development of an evidence-based clinical algorithm for practice. The qualitative critique of the algorithm considered aspects such as inadequacies, misconceptions and omissions; strengths; clinical use; resource implications; and recommendations.Conclusions: The first prototype and critique of a clinical algorithm to assist the clinical assessment of hypotonia in children has been described. Barriers highlighted include aspects related to knowledge gaps of clinicians, issues around user-friendliness and formatting concerns. Strengths identified by the critique included aspects related to the evidence-based nature of the criteria within the algorithm, the suitability of the algorithm in being merged or extending current practice, the potential of the algorithm in aiding more accurate decision-making, the suitability of the algorithm across age groups

  14. Matricide: a critique of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heide, Kathleen M; Frei, Autumn

    2010-01-01

    Matricide, the killing of mothers by their biological children, is a very rare event, comprising less that 2% of all U.S. homicides in which the victim-offender relationship is known. This manuscript examines more than 20 years of U.S. homicides to determine the age and gender characteristics of matricide offenders. These data reveal that most mothers are killed by their adult sons. Daughters younger than 18 years are the most infrequent killers of mothers. This article examines the incidence of parricide, the involvement of sons and daughters in matricidal incidents, and synthesizes the literature in terms of offender gender. Special attention is given to female matricide offenders, given the lack of research currently available with respect to this population. Implications for practice, policy, and research are discussed. PMID:19875385

  15. Peut-on penser le travail par le don ? Débat avec la rédaction de la Nouvelle Revue du Travail Conceptualising work as a gift? Debate with editors of the Nouvelle Revue du Travail ¿Es posible pensar el trabajo a través del don? Debate con el comité de redacción de la Nouvelle Revue du Travail

    OpenAIRE

    Alain Caillé; Norbert Alter

    2012-01-01

    Dans un échange avec la Nouvelle Revue du Travail, Alain Caillé et Norbert Alter soutiennent leur lecture maussienne des réalités contemporaines du travail en discutant les questions centrales du capitalisme, du salariat, de l’entreprise et du travail sociologique. Cet échange fait suite aux contributions d’Alain Caillé et Norbert Alter dans ce Chorus « Peut-on penser le travail par le don ? De la mise en œuvre du paradigme du don contre-don en sociologie du travail. »In an exchange with the ...

  16. Le rôle politique des revues conservatrices aux Etats-Unis depuis les années 1980

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Cécile Naves

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available L’article vise à étudier, à travers l’exemple de la théorie de la « Fin de l’Histoire » de Fukuyama, en quoi la revue américaine The National Interest est, à l’instar d’autres revues conservatrices, un instrument médiatique crucial pour la diffusion de certains idéaux du Parti Républicain aux Etats-Unis depuis le milieu des années 1980. Il s’agit par là même de réfléchir aux conditions de production et de diffusion de cette théorie, dans un contexte géopolitique et intellectuel exceptionnel, celui de la fin de la guerre froide. L’évolution des liens entre intellectuels et pouvoir politique américains, avec pour enjeu, depuis le début des années 1980, la politique étrangère, sont au cœur de cette réflexion.El artículo intenta estudiar a través del ejemplo de la teoría del « Fin de la Historia » de Fukuyama, hasta que punto la revista americana The National Interest es, a semejanza de otras revistas conservadoras, un instrumento crucial para la difusión de algunos ideales del partido republicano en los estados Unidos desde mediados de los años ochenta. Se trata de reflexionar sobre las condiciones de producción y de difusión de esta teoría, en un contexto geopolítico e intelectual excepcional, el del final de la guerra fría. El centro de esta reflexión es la evolución de las relaciones entre los intelectuales y el poder político americano, teniendo como telón de fondo, la política exterior.The article aims at studying, through the example of Fukuyama’s theory of the « End of History », how the American journal The National Interest, as other conservative journals, has, since the mid 1980s, been a crucial media instrument for the dissemination of some ideals of the Republican Party. We have thus to think about the conditions of production and dissemination of this theory in an exceptional geopolitical and intellectual context – the end of the cold war. The changing links between

  17. Panorama du paysage des revues de sciences de l’information et de la communication avant qu’il ne change

    OpenAIRE

    Rasse, Paul; Pélissier, Nicolas; Colin, Magali; Fleuret, Étienne; Gresillaud, Sylvie; Guichard, Marc; Hoel, Pascaline; Rageot, Laurence

    2013-01-01

    Les revues occupent une place essentielle au sein du dispositif d’intelligence collective que constitue la science et contribuent activement à la légitimation des connaissances dont elles assurent la publicité, et qu’elles donnent à savoir et à discuter. Dans les sciences dures, les articles publiés préalablement servent de socle à toute nouvelle recherche et assurent ainsi la commutativité des savoirs. Cités en notes, ils donnent à voir les étapes de réalisation, la progressivité ou les rupt...

  18. Entre Classicisme et Modernité : La Nouvelle Revue Française dans le champ littéraire de la Belle Epoque

    OpenAIRE

    Koffeman-Bijman, M.N.

    2003-01-01

    The literary review La Nouvelle Revue Française enjoys an enormous prestige in France. In Entre Classicisme et Modernité, Maaike Koffeman explores the origins of this legend of French literary life by means of a historical, literary and sociological analysis of the first years of the review s existence (1908-1914). She shows that the NRF owes its remarkable success not only to its high literary standards, but also to the strategies employed by its editors in order to conquer a dominant positi...

  19. Peut-on penser le travail par le don ? Débat avec la rédaction de la Nouvelle Revue du Travail

    OpenAIRE

    Caillé, Alain; Alter, Norbert

    2012-01-01

    Dans un échange avec la Nouvelle Revue du Travail, Alain Caillé et Norbert Alter soutiennent leur lecture maussienne des réalités contemporaines du travail en discutant les questions centrales du capitalisme, du salariat, de l’entreprise et du travail sociologique. Cet échange fait suite aux contributions d’Alain Caillé et Norbert Alter dans ce Chorus « Peut-on penser le travail par le don ? De la mise en œuvre du paradigme du don contre-don en sociologie du travail. »

  20. A Critique of Design Approaches for Notification Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Terrell, Goldie

    2004-01-01

    The Fall 2004 Virginia Tech Undergraduate Research in Computer Science (VTURCS) class, taught by Dr. McCrickard, covered the following topics: problem, activity and information/interaction phases of design; scenario based design; interruption, reaction, and comprehension (IRC) values; stages of action; ubiquitous computing evaluation areas (UEAs) and participatory negotiation. This critique is my assessment and observations of how these design approaches worked for our project.

  1. Workshop in Moodle: a tool for peer critiquing

    OpenAIRE

    Brown, C.; Honeychurch, S.; Munro, J

    2011-01-01

    This paper will begin with a brief discussion of the benefits of peer assessment and peer critiquing. In particular, it will examine how both can be beneficial in helping to introduce, and reinforce, valuable graduate attributes in students throughout their university careers. It will then examine the tools available at the University of Glasgow and evaluate them in terms of their strengths and weaknesses. In order to explain this in detail, a real life case study from a third year c...

  2. Retrieving Biko: a black consciousness critique of whiteness

    OpenAIRE

    Hook, Derek

    2011-01-01

    There is an important history often neglected by genealogies of ‘critical whiteness studies’: Steve Biko's Black Consciousness critique of white liberalism. What would it mean to retrieve this criticism in the context of white anti-racism in the post-apartheid era? Said's (2003) contrapuntal method proves useful here as a juxtaposing device whereby the writings of a past figure can be critically harnessed, travelling across temporal and ideological boundaries to interrogate the present. Four ...

  3. Perversion and pathology: a critique of psychoanalytic criticism in art

    OpenAIRE

    Holmes, Lucille

    2012-01-01

    For over three decades, Jacques Lacan denounced ego psychology for its emphasis on a strong and well-adapted ego. This article recruits the principle of that critique to examine the use of psychoanalytic theories in contemporary art criticism, with specific focus on the subject of perversion, Freudo-Lacanian psychoanalysis, and the work of art critic Donald Kuspit. The discussion examines the main influences and concepts in Kuspit’s psychoanalytic criticism, analyses specific differences betw...

  4. Agent-Based Process-Critiquing Decision Support Systems

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bošanský, Branislav; Lhotská, L.

    Bratislava: Slovak Technical University, 2009, s. 1-6. [ISABEL 2009. International Symposium on Applied Sciences in Biomedical and Communication Technologies /2./. Bratislava (SK), 24.12.2009-27.12.2009] R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) 1M06014 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10300504 Keywords : critiquing decision support system * multi-agent system * process * medical guidelines Subject RIV: IN - Informatics, Computer Science

  5. Interpretations of Jurgen Habermas in Adult Education Writings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connelly, Brian

    1996-01-01

    Habermas' work has influenced Mezirow's perspective transformation theory as well as schools of thought in critical thinking and critical theory. However, some interpretations of Habermas do not demonstrate familiarity with his work nor critiques outside of education, posing challenges to adult education grounded in his theories. (SK)

  6. Les compétences infirmières forensiques en milieu carcéral face aux patients atteints de troubles mentaux: une revue de littérature étoffée

    OpenAIRE

    Davet, Eloïse; Friedli, Karen; Machuret, Bastien; Reyff, Marie de

    2015-01-01

    Le but de cette revue de littérature étoffée est de mettre en évidence les compétences des infirmières forensiques travaillant, en milieu carcéral, avec des patients atteints de troubles mentaux.

  7. L'impact des exercices actifs sur les adultes atteints de polyarthrite rhumatoïde

    OpenAIRE

    Corboz, Jean-Baptiste; Vipret, Julien; Christe, Guillaume

    2014-01-01

    Introduction : La polyarthrite rhumatoïde est une maladie inflammatoire chronique avec de nombreuses répercussions physiques, psychiques et sociales. Les exercices actifs ont été abondamment étudiés dans la littérature. Cependant, aucune synthèse n’a été réalisée quant à leurs effets sur la douleur et la qualité de vie. Objectif : L’objectif de cette revue est d’identifier l’impact des exercices actifs sur la douleur et la qualité de vie chez les patients adultes atteints de polyarthrite rhum...

  8. Report on the working group on critique of source concepts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Working Group on Critique of Source Concepts examined and evaluated the proposed reactor- and accelerator-based steady state neutron source concepts with regard to: performance and fit to user needs, technical feasibility and R and D requirements, capital and operating costs, and unique safety or siting issues. A more or less conventional, D2O cooled and moderated research reactor, utilizing evolutionary advances in aluminum plate-fuel technology, can produce the desired 1016 n/cm2s flux levels in a large, accessible, user-friendly environment, with a relatively modest and low-risk R and D program, and at the lowest cost

  9. Report on the working group on 'Critique of Source Concepts'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The working group on ''Critique of Source Concepts'' examined and evaluated the proposed reactor- and accelerator-based steady state neutron source concepts with regard to: performance and fit to user needs, technical feasibility and R and D requirements, capital and operating costs, and unique safety or siting issues. A more or less conventional, D2O cooled and moderated research reactor, utilizing evolutionary advances in aluminum plate-fuel technology, can produce the desired 1016 n/cm2s flux levels in a large, accessible, user-friendly environment, with a relatively modest and low-risk R and D program, and at the lowest cost. (orig.)

  10. The Critical Turn in Intercultural Communication : Critiquing Culture as Nation

    OpenAIRE

    BRADLEY, William S.

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes the critical turn in Intercultural Communication. I first outline a brief history of the field, including its reception and development in Japan and then introduce several critiques that have been made of the field in the past decade, subsumed under the name of critical intercultural communication. Finally I raise the question of connection to nationalism in nation-state focused approaches to culture in normative intercultural communication. 本論文は、異文化コミュニケーションに対する批判的変容について...

  11. Critique of Exotica: Music, Politics and the Culture Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Hutnyk, John

    2000-01-01

    In this book John Hutnyk questions the meaning of cultural hybridity. Using the growing popularity of Asian culture in the West as a case study, he looks at just who benefits from this intermingling of culture. Focusing on music, race and politics, Hutnyk offers a cogently theorised critique of the culture industry. He looks at artists such as Asian Dub Foundation, FunDaMental and Apache Indian to see how their music is both produced and received. He analyses ‘world’ music festivals, raci...

  12. A Critique of “Moral and Character Development”

    OpenAIRE

    Liu, Ping

    2009-01-01

    A critique was made in this essay about William G. Huitt’s (2004)article titled “Moral and Character Development”. The strong points of his article were discussed with his conclusion that social and cultural values influence the formation of children’s character traits, while school should play its own role as a sub-social unit to develop their characters and morality based on the cognitive, affective, conative and behavioral principles. The obvious weakness was presented by ignoring politics...

  13. An ideology critique of the use-value of mathematics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pais, Alexandre

    2013-01-01

    The idea that mathematics is needed for our mundane everyday activities has raised the question of how people deal with mathematics outside the school walls. Much has been written in mathematics education research about the possibility of transferring knowledge from and into school. Whereas the...... majority of this literature commends the possibility of transfer, thus assuming both the desirability of transfer and the importance of school mathematics for the professional and mundane lives of individuals, I am interested in developing an ideology critique on the beliefs underpinning the research on...

  14. Challenging the Limits of Critique in Education through Morin's Paradigm of Complexity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alhadeff-Jones, Michel

    2010-01-01

    The position adopted in this paper is inspired by Edgar Morin's paradigm of complexity and his critique of scientific and philosophical forms of reductionism. This paper is based on research focusing on the diversity of conceptions of critique developed in academic discourses. It aims to challenge the fragmentation and the reduction framing the…

  15. Bodily-Kinesthetic Intelligence and Dance Education: Critique, Revision, and Potentials for the Democratic Ideal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blumenfeld-Jones, Donald

    2009-01-01

    This paper offers a way of rethinking Howard Gardner's theory of Multiple Intelligences. The bodily-kinesthetic intelligence is used as the point of critique. The author provides a detailed discussion of the act of dancing as counterpoint to Gardner's understanding of the intelligence. The author critiques Gardner's exemplar and evolutionary…

  16. Adam Smith and the Educative Critique: A Response to My Commentators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinstein, Jack Russell

    2015-01-01

    This paper is both a response to the four reviewers in a special symposium on my book Adam Smith's Pluralism and a substantive discussion of philosophy of education. In it, I introduce what I call "the educative critique," a mode of analysis similar to Marxist, feminist, or postcolonial critiques, but focusing on the educative role of a…

  17. Alienation in Mathematics Education: Critique and Development of Neo-Vygotskian Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Julian

    2016-01-01

    This paper aims to critique and develop neo-Vygotskian work in mathematics education from (i) within the Vygotskian and activity theoretic tradition, and where necessary from (ii) a Bourdieusian perspective. First, I critique Roth and Radford's (2011) version of Cultural-historical Activity Theory, suggesting that a classroom episode presented as…

  18. Codeswitching and Generative Grammar: A Critique of the MLF Model and Some Remarks on "Modified Minimalism"

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacSwan, Jeff

    2005-01-01

    This article presents an empirical and theoretical critique of the Matrix Language Frame (MLF) model (Myers-Scotton, 1993; Myers-Scotton and Jake, 2001), and includes a response to Jake, Myers-Scotton and Gross's (2002) (JMSG) critique of MacSwan (1999, 2000) and reactions to their revision of the MLF model as a "modified minimalist approach." The…

  19. Measuring Graph Comprehension, Critique, and Construction in Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Kevin; Cabrera, Julio; Vitale, Jonathan M.; Madhok, Jacquie; Tinker, Robert; Linn, Marcia C.

    2016-08-01

    Interpreting and creating graphs plays a critical role in scientific practice. The K-12 Next Generation Science Standards call for students to use graphs for scientific modeling, reasoning, and communication. To measure progress on this dimension, we need valid and reliable measures of graph understanding in science. In this research, we designed items to measure graph comprehension, critique, and construction and developed scoring rubrics based on the knowledge integration (KI) framework. We administered the items to over 460 middle school students. We found that the items formed a coherent scale and had good reliability using both item response theory and classical test theory. The KI scoring rubric showed that most students had difficulty linking graphs features to science concepts, especially when asked to critique or construct graphs. In addition, students with limited access to computers as well as those who speak a language other than English at home have less integrated understanding than others. These findings point to the need to increase the integration of graphing into science instruction. The results suggest directions for further research leading to comprehensive assessments of graph understanding.

  20. Measuring Graph Comprehension, Critique, and Construction in Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Kevin; Cabrera, Julio; Vitale, Jonathan M.; Madhok, Jacquie; Tinker, Robert; Linn, Marcia C.

    2016-04-01

    Interpreting and creating graphs plays a critical role in scientific practice. The K-12 Next Generation Science Standards call for students to use graphs for scientific modeling, reasoning, and communication. To measure progress on this dimension, we need valid and reliable measures of graph understanding in science. In this research, we designed items to measure graph comprehension, critique, and construction and developed scoring rubrics based on the knowledge integration (KI) framework. We administered the items to over 460 middle school students. We found that the items formed a coherent scale and had good reliability using both item response theory and classical test theory. The KI scoring rubric showed that most students had difficulty linking graphs features to science concepts, especially when asked to critique or construct graphs. In addition, students with limited access to computers as well as those who speak a language other than English at home have less integrated understanding than others. These findings point to the need to increase the integration of graphing into science instruction. The results suggest directions for further research leading to comprehensive assessments of graph understanding.

  1. Revues anglophones 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca Rogers

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Histoire médiévaleJORDAN Erin J., « The ‘Abduction’ of Ida of Boulogne : Assessing Women’s Agency in Thirteenth-Century France », French Historical Studies, vol.30, n°1, winter 2007, p. 1-20.Histoire moderneBYARS Jana, « The Long and Varied Relationship of Andrea Mora and Anzola Davide : Concubinage, Marriage and the Authorities in the Early Modern Veneto »,Journal of Social History, vol. 41, n°3, spring 2008, p. 667-690.DRIBE Martin, LUNDH Christer et NYSTEDT Paul, « Widowhood Strategies in ...

  2. Sorcières, 1976-1981. Etude d’une revue féministe. Master 1, Université de Lille III, (dir. Florence Tamagne, 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline Goldblum

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available L’aventure Sorcières est une véritable épopée ; celle d’une revue de femmes qui voit le jour en 1976 au beau milieu de la décennie dite « des femmes » et en plein cœur de l’explosion de la presse féministe. Sorcières fut fondée par Xavière Gauthier dans le but de donner ou rendre la parole aux femmes pour qu’elles puissent exprimer leur créativité : « Je voudrais que Sorcières soit un lieu ouvert pour toutes les femmes qui luttent en tant que femmes, qui cherchent et disent (écrivent, chanten...

  3. Etude de la regeneration naturelle controlee en foret tropicale humide de Guadeloupe. 1: Revue bibliographique, milieu naturel et elaboration d'un protocole experimental

    OpenAIRE

    Ducrey, Michel; Labbe, Patrick

    1985-01-01

    Après une revue bibliographique des études sur la régénération naturelle des forêts tropicales, les auteurs donnent des informations sur la forêt hygrophile de Guadeloupe. Cette forêt présente l’originalité dans le monde tropical d’être riche en un nombre limité d’espèces précieuses. Deux espèces principales : le gommier (Dacryodes excelsa) et le bois rouge carapate (Amanoa caribaea) représentent respectivement 20,7 p. 100 et 12,6 p. 100 du nombre de tiges total. Six autres espèces, bi...

  4. « Varia », Revue Française de Pédagogie, n° 176, juillet-août-septembre 2011

    OpenAIRE

    Mabilon-Bonfils, Béatrice

    2012-01-01

    La livraison de la Revue Française de Pédagogie n’est pas thématique : elle propose six articles qui éclairent par l’exemple la féconde pluridisciplinarité constitutive des sciences de l’éducation. L’école française est trop et trop tôt sélective. Dans une course aux meilleures positions, la méritocratie scolaire se traduit par la distinction d‘une minorité (socialement définie) et par une relégation rapide et particulièrement coûteuse de nombreux jeunes. Le chiffrage est permanent à l’école ...

  5. 宝塜歌剧团与模糊的性别主张%Takarazuka Revue Company and Its Fuzzy Gender View

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹慕晨

    2012-01-01

    宝塜歌剧团历经百年日益壮大,被誉为东瀛百老汇,与四季剧团、东宝公司、松竹公司并称为日本演剧界四强,且蜚声国际。宝塜歌剧团应女人的需求而成立,但被男人们全面掌控;全女班的舞台表演,但演绎的是男人故事;女性化的华丽歌舞,但体现的是男人意志;虽然表现了日本女性的觉醒与自立,但难以改变其男人附属的宿命——这就是文章从女性主义的角度试图诠释其中的疑惑和要揭示的主题。%After its development for a century Takarazuka Revue Company has become increasingly influential and has been crowned as the Broadway in Japan, thus having been jointly honoured as four elite companies along with Four Season Theatre Company, Toho Company and Shochiku Company in the Japanese theatrical circles and been famous worldwide. Desipte its establishment in response to the needs of females, Takarazuka Revue Company is in the full control of males; while males' stories are narrated though its theatrical performance is conducted by female actresses. Moreover, males' will is often expressed under its gorgeous feminine songs and dance, whereas its theatrical performace has highlighted the awakening and independence of females but failed to alter the fate of males as subordinates. This is the very confusion and topic this paper attempts to interpret and expound in the per-spective of feminism.

  6. What's Missing When Empowerment Is a Purpose for Adult Literacies Education? Bourdieu, Gee and the Problem of Accounting for Power

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galloway, Sarah

    2015-01-01

    This writing critiques the idea that literacies education can and should empower adult learners. The ideas of Pierre Bourdieu and James Paul Gee are analysed with reference to how power and empowerment are understood and what this means for the concrete practice of adult literacies education by educators and students. My concern is that their…

  7. Beyond Construction: Five arguments for the role and value of critique in learning science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, J. Bryan; MacPherson, Anna; Osborne, Jonathan; Wild, Andrew

    2015-07-01

    This paper argues that science education has overemphasized the importance of construction at the expense of critique. In doing so, it draws on two key premises-Ford's argument that the construction of knowledge requires a dialectic between construction and critique and Mercier and Sperber's theory of argumentative reasoning that critique is essential for epistemic vigilance. Five separate cases are presented which argue that the absence of critique within school science limits the opportunities for students to engage in scientific reasoning making the learning of science less effective. These five arguments incorporate research literature surrounding the nature of science, epistemology, literacy, pedagogy, and motivation. Furthermore, we draw on data collected from cognitive think-aloud interviews to show that students can, with the appropriate prompts, engage in the important epistemic activity of critique. We conclude by examining the implications for the teaching and learning of science. In essence, we argue that the undervaluing of critique within the curriculum and pedagogy of school science results in a failure to develop the analytical faculties which are the valued hall mark of the practicing scientist; a misrepresentation of the nature of science; and, more importantly, a less effective learning experience. Critique, therefore, needs to play a central role in the teaching and learning of science.

  8. Deconstructing hermes: a critique of the hermeneutic turn in psychoanalysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, Jon

    2011-09-01

    In this brief essay, I attempt to critique some of the philosophical problematics inherent with the hermeneutic turn in psychoanalysis. The proposition that "there are only interpretations of interpretations" leads to an inescapable circularity because interpretation ultimately lacks a referent or criterion for which to anchor meaning. If we follow this proposition through to its logical end, this ultimately collapses into relativism because meaning is relative to its interpretive scheme, which further relies on other interpretative schemata for which there are no definitive definitions, conclusive consensus, or universal laws governing interpretation. How can hermeneutics escape the charge of circularity, infinite regress, disavowal of universals, its tacit relativism, and the failure to provide a consensus or criteria for interpretation? How is psychoanalysis able to philosophically justify interpretative truth claims when they potentially inhere to a recalcitrant subjectivism while claiming to be objectively valuative? PMID:21818099

  9. The silencing of Kierkegaard in Habermas' critique of genetic enhancement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Karin

    2009-01-01

    The main purpose of this paper is to draw attention to an important part of Habermas' critique of genetic enhancement, which has been largely ignored in the discussion; namely his use of Kierkegaard's reflections on the existential conditions for becoming one-self from Either/or and The Sickness...... unto Death. It will be argued that, although Habermas presents some valuable and highly significant perspectives on the effect of genetic enhancement on the individual's self-understanding and ability to experience him- or herself as a free and equal individual, he doesn't succeed in working out a...... consistent argument. The claim is that he fails to explain, how the existential analysis is related to his reflections on the sociological and psychological impacts of genetic enhancement in the realm of communicative action. It is this lack of theoretical clarity, which seems to render Habermas vulnerable...

  10. Critique and cure: a dream of uniting psychoanalysis and philosophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webster, Jamieson

    2013-06-01

    Critical theory, whose aim was to historicize philosophy through integrating it with the social sciences, turned to psychoanalysis to find its way through an accounting of philosophy after the Second World War. Over 50 years after this initial project, the rift between philosophy and psychoanalysis has never been greater. If Jacques Lacan could be considered one of the few psychoanalysts to maintain and foster links to philosophical thought in the latter half of the 20th century, his work has sadly remained marginal in the clinical field throughout America and Europe. Both critical theory and Lacan remain skeptical of the direction taken by psychoanalysis after Freud. Reflecting on the history of these two disciplines, as well as through an examination of Theodor Adorno's posthumously published dream journal, critique and cure emerge as two dialectically intertwined themes that gain momentum in the dream of the unification of the philosophical and psychoanalytic projects. PMID:23722399

  11. A Critique of Block on Abortion and Child Abandonment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jakub Bożydar Wiśniewski

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The present paper offers a critique of Block on the issues of abortion and child abandonment. Block regards aborting a fetus or abandoning a child as an instance of exercising one’s libertarian right of expelling trespassers from one’s private property. I argue that the above reasoning is flawed due to the lack of the appreciation of the fact that if one voluntarily initiates the causal chain which leads to someone else ending up on his property, the latter person cannot be considered a trespasser. Furthermore, in the light of the above observation, any direct effects resulting from that person’s eviction should be considered the responsibility of the property’s owner. All of this follows from the simple logical fact that in all links of the causal chain under consideration the owner is the ultimate causal agent.

  12. Identité narrative collective et critique sociale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alain Loute

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available For many authors, the transformations of capitalism have had the effect of causing suffering (stress, stigmatization, disaffiliation, etc.. whose social dimension is not recognized. For Emmanuel Renault, theoretical critique can analyze these new sufferings and become a "spokesman" giving voice to suffering beings. In this article, the author proposes to problematize this form of critical intervention, building on Paul Ricœur's reflections on the issue of the dispossession of the actors’ power to recount their actions themselves. If Renault’s intervention makes sense in relation to the ideologization of narrative identity, it remains unsatisfactory against “internal” resistances to the emplotment of the self. Ricœur’s analysis of the analytic experience teaches us that these resistances cannot be lifted through mere intellectual understanding and that the narrative restructuration of the personality must sometimes take the form of real work.

  13. A critique of Jeffrey D. Sachs's The end of poverty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henwood, Doug

    2006-01-01

    Jeffrey Sachs's The End of Poverty is a manifesto and how-to guide on ending extreme poverty around the world; it promotes the U.N. Millennium Development Goals. Sachs achieved fame with his policy package for the "stabilization" of Bolivia (which did nothing to relieve Bolivia's poverty), and became advisor to the Yeltsin government in Russia and to Poland, Slovenia, and Estonia as they began their transitions to capitalism (the last three mixed successes; Russia a thorough disaster). Sachs later became more prominent as a critic of development orthodoxy, and was economic advisor to the Jubilee 2000 movement. The End of Poverty is full of sharp critiques of Western imperialism, but his views on the rest of the development business are more conventional. PMID:16524171

  14. Measuring religiousness in health research: review and critique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Daniel E; Meador, Keith G; Koenig, Harold G

    2008-06-01

    Although existing measures of religiousness are sophisticated, no single approach has yet emerged as a standard. We review the measures of religiousness most commonly used in the religion and health literature with particular attention to their limitations, suggesting that vigilance is required to avoid over-generalization. After placing the development of these scales in historical context, we discuss measures of religious attendance, private religious practice, and intrinsic/extrinsic religious motivation. We also discuss measures of religious coping, wellbeing, belief, affiliation, maturity, history, and experience. We also address the current trend in favor of multi-dimensional and functional measures of religiousness. We conclude with a critique of the standard, "context-free" approach aimed at measuring "religiousness-in-general", suggesting that future work might more fruitfully focus on developing ways to measure religiousness in specific, theologically relevant contexts. PMID:19105008

  15. The Case of the Awkward Statistics: A Critique of Postdevelopment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Clausen

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Nearly a decade after its publication, Arturo Escobar’sEncountering Development remains a classic work of Postdevelopmentand Critical Development Studies, continuing to provide a relevant and devastating critique of development as a discursive tool for ordering and managing the Global South. What remains unanswered in Escobar’s work, however, is whether there is a material reality beyond mere representation that still needs attending to. I find that within Escobar’s work, the thorny problem of underdevelopment--as a persistent and abhorrent material condition--finds its way through Escobar’s poststructuralist epistemology. As this essay argues, though Escobar asks us to deconstruct development statistics in a way that upsets the West’s discursive hegemony, at the very least it is premature to call for an end to development, as well as the statistics and technical solutions development agencies provide.

  16. Boundedness beyond reification: cosmopolitan teacher education as critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Schumann

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Certain strands of cosmopolitanism have been criticized on various occasions for merely mirroring the mental framework of a global elite that stresses positive attitudes to mobility, flexibility, and disinterested objective detachment to the detriment of ‘rooted’, local and national values. In this way, it is argued, it presents a one-sided opportunistic or naively affirmative picture of processes of globalization rather than taking seriously the challenges posed by the inherently normative dimension of cosmopolitan thought and practice. The present paper will argue for a return to the critical core of the cosmopolitan idea and proposes that the critique of reification, which recently received renewed interest by philosophers of the so-called third generation Frankfurt School, can serve as a vital tool for re-imagining cosmopolitan teacher education as critique. In particular, the discussion around the recent turn towards a standards and competencies oriented teacher education in Germany will be critically examined in this regard. Rather than presenting a mere factual description of our thinking, judgments and actions, a cosmopolitan orientation should be concerned with reminding us of the importance of a continuous critical challenge of their validity. Firstly, the concept of reification will be shown to provide the conceptual resources to describe and select relevant characteristics of contemporary social pathologies that cannot be adequately captured within liberal social philosophies. A closer analysis of reification as a deficient relation to oneself, to others, or to the world will then lead to the second question of how to conceive of non-reifying forms of relatedness, commitment and boundedness as enabling new forms of expressive freedom. Instead of one-sided, narrow and hasty reactions towards a perceived ‘global challenge’—either fetishizing borders or their transgression, an critical educational cosmopolitanism should bring

  17. Comment fournir des soins infirmiers de qualité aux personnes migrantes de culture différente ?: une revue de littérature étoffée

    OpenAIRE

    Conus, Emilie; Niggli, Martin

    2013-01-01

    Cette revue de littérature étoffée s’insère dans une problématique traitant du contexte migratoire actuel et des répercussions que cela a sur les soins infirmiers. En effet, elle porte sur les compétences infirmières lors de la prise en charge des patients migrants issus de culture différente.

  18. On the Radical Critique of Liberal Educational Reforms: Some Theoretical Issues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emoungu, Paul-Albert

    1981-01-01

    The radical critique of the liberal socioeducational reform espouses an equalitarian society but does not believe it can actually exist. Structural functionalism is examined in relation to social change. (JN)

  19. La critique d’érudition et les érudits

    OpenAIRE

    Langlois, Charles-Victor; Seignobos, Charles

    2014-01-01

    L’ensemble des opérations décrites dans les chapitres précédents (restitution des textes, critique de provenance, collection et classement des documents vérifiés) constitue le vaste domaine de la critique externe ou critique d’érudition. La critique d’érudition tout entière n’inspire que du dédain au gros public, vulgaire et superficiel. Quelques-uns de ceux qui s’y livrent sont disposés, au contraire, à la glorifier. Mais il y a un juste milieu entre cet excès d’honneur et cette indignité. L...

  20. Contradictions and Vile Utterances: The Zoroastrian Critique of Judaism in the Shkand Gumanig Wizar

    OpenAIRE

    Thrope, Samuel Frank

    2012-01-01

    My dissertation examines the critique of Judaism in Chapters Thirteen and Fourteen of the Shkand Gumanig Wizar. The Shkand Gumanig Wizar is a ninth century CE Zoroastrian theological work that contains polemics against Islam, Christianity, and Manichaeism, as well as Judaism. The chapters on Judasim include citations of a Jewish sacred text referred to as the "First Scripture" and critiques of these citations for their contradictory and illogical portrayals of the divine. This dissertation...

  1. Educational effectiveness: the development of the discipline, the critiques, the defence, and the present debate

    OpenAIRE

    Reynolds, David; Chapman, Christopher; Kelly, Anthony; Muijs, Daniel; Sammons, Pamela

    2012-01-01

    Educational effectiveness research (EER) has made a significant contribution to our understanding of the characteristics and processes associated with more and less effective schools in a diverse range of contexts. However, this remains a contested field of inquiry and has been subjected to significant critique. This paper examines the origins and development of EER and summarises the key critiques and defences of the field during the past 30 years. It then moves on to examine the recent crit...

  2. Taylor’s Critique of Procedural Liberalism and Modern Practical Rationality

    OpenAIRE

    Nelson Jair Cuchumbé H.

    2010-01-01

    This article examines Charles Taylor’s critique of the model of procedural liberalism and the modern conception of practical rationality. The starting point is that Taylor’s critique is based on contributions of the substantive philosophical tradition, which makes possible an alternative liberalism project different from procedural liberalism. To prove this point of view, in first place, it presents Taylor’s approach to the debate between alternative liberalism and procedural liberalism. Seco...

  3. Critiquing Physician Decision Making Using Data from Automated Medical Records: Assessing the Limitations

    OpenAIRE

    Van Der Lei, Johan; Musen, Mark A.; van der Does, Emiel; Manintveld, Arie J.

    1990-01-01

    This paper describes the evaluation of a critiquing system, HYPERCRITIC, that relies on automated medical records for its data input. The purpose of HYPERCRITIC is to offer comments to general practitioners on their treatment of hypertension. HYPERCRITIC has access to the data stored in a primary-care information system that supports a fully automated medical record. Medical records of 20 patients with hypertension were submitted to both physicians and HYPERCRITIC. The critique generated by t...

  4. An Analysis of the Critique of Kant’s “Categorical”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A Azhdar

    2012-09-01

    This rule underpins an important ethical school which is known as “Obligationism”. Although this school has attracted many scholars of ethics philosophy, there are also many critiques against it. This article aims to study and analyze “the critique of maximal categorical” in such school with regard to Islamic ethics in order to show that the attempts of those who have tried to prove the compatibility of this rule with Islamic ethics are in vain and lead to no result.

  5. Volvulus gastrique aigu sur éventration diaphragmatique de l'adulte: à propos d'un cas et revue de la littérature

    OpenAIRE

    Guèye, Mohamadou Lamine; Touré, Alpha Oumar; Thiam, Ousmane; Seck, Mamadou; Cissé, Mamadou; Kâ, Ousmane; Dieng, Madieng; Touré, Cheikh Tidiane

    2015-01-01

    Le volvulus gastrique aigu sur éventration diaphragmatique est une affection rare et une urgence diagnostique et thérapeutique. Sa présentation clinique est peu spécifique et la tomodensitométrie abdominale permet de confirmer le diagnostic. Nous rapportons le cas d'un patient de 22 ans qui présentaitun syndrome occlusif et une voussure épigastrique. A la radiographie de l'Abdomen Sans Préparation, on notait 2 niveaux hydro-aériques sous la coupole diaphragmatique gauche qui était surélevée. ...

  6. 《汇报》与其天文地理知识传播%Revue Pour Tous and the spread of astronomical and geographical knowledge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏梦月; 姚远

    2012-01-01

    Aim To sort the spread of astronomical and geographical knowledge in the beginning since Revue Pour Tous changed its name (Issue 100 - Issue 211) and supply new reference clues for the studies of the development of Chinese journals during the late Qing period. Methods Reference analysis of the original journals and the research method. Results By the statistics of 112 issues (Issue 100 - Issue 211) of Revue Pour Tous since it just has changed its name, it's found that there were about 412 articles regarding the spread on the natural science knowledge, in which 62 articles on geography were mainly about human geography; 30 articles of astronomy focused on the serialization of the scientific work, Key to Western Studies, introducing the basic knowledge of astronomy since the 17th and 18th century. Conclusion From the human geography aspect, compared with Yiwenlu, Revue Pour Tous clearly centered on the introduction of political profile of every country, which was undoubtedly correlated with the changes of the political situation at that time, which had better helping "enlightening the people" , accelerating the awaking of the nation and making positive contributions to the emergence of Chinese bourgeois ideas; however, the initial point for actively spreading the natural sciences always lay on promoting the dogma of Catholicism. From a certain point of view, disseminating western studies was just a roundabout means for the missionary journals to preach and its real purpose was not to help China to become rich and build up its military power.%目的 整理《汇报》更名初期(第100号-第211号)中天文地理知识的传播,为研究晚清中文期刊的演化提供新的文献线索.方法 原始期刊文献分析和考证法.结果 通过对《汇报》更名初期第100号-第211号共112期的统计表明,有关自然科学知识传播内容的篇目共412篇,其中,地理学62篇以人文地理为主;天文学30篇主要以连载科学巨著《西

  7. Genetic damage from diagnostic radiation: a critique of the Bross and Natarajan study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bross and Natarajan have presented the hypothesis that low-dose fetal irradiation in the range of 0.5 to 5.0 rads confines its damage to 1% of the irradiated subjects and that for this affected group there is a 5000% increase in the risk of leukemia as compared with unexposed subjects. Earlier studies have indicated an increased risk of leukemia of approximately 50% following such radiation, so this hypothesis would suggest that for the affected group the radiation is 100 times more dangerous than previously suspected. Bross and Natarajan claimed that their arguments established clear prima facie evidence that exposure to the low levels of ionizing radiation can produce a drastically increased risk of leukemia. Bross and associates constructed dosage response curves for the 1-rad range, from which they concluded that the hazards of exposure in this range are an order of magnitude greater than currently estimated. On this basis, Bross has appeared before a US Senate committee to call for elaborate restrictions on the use of diagnostic x-rays. He has also presented his findings at a public meeting sponsored by the Nuclear Regulatory Commission to gain popular support for his contentions regarding low-level radiadion. The analysis of adult exposure by Bross et al that appeared in a recent issue of the American Journal of Public Health received a thorough critique in the same issue. The analysis of fetal exposure appearing in the Journal has not been adequately examined, since published criticism has been limited to two letters to the editor. In view of the serious nature of their contentions and the much stricter regulation of radiation exposure that would follow should they be judged correct, it is important that certain previously unreported deficiencies in the Bross and Natarajan study be brought to public attention. These will be presented in the form of five criticisms

  8. Equality and Human Capital: Conflicting Concepts within State-Funded Adult Education in Ireland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurley, Kevin

    2015-01-01

    This article offers a critique of the concept of equality as it informs the White Paper on Adult Education: Learning for Life (2000). It also outlines the extent to which human capital theory can be seen to have effectively colonised lifelong learning from the outset of its adoption by the European Union with highly constraining implications for…

  9. (Re)igniting a Sociological Imagination in Adult Education: The Continuing Relevance of Classical Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lange, Elizabeth

    2015-01-01

    This article argues that sociology has been a foundational discipline for the field of adult education, but it has been largely implicit, until recently. This article contextualizes classical theories of sociology within contemporary critiques, reviews the historical roots of sociology and then briefly introduces the classical theories…

  10. Mind-body dualism: A critique from a health perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehta Neeta

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Philosophical theory about the nature of human beings has far reaching consequences on our understanding of various issues faced by them. Once taken as self-evident, it becomes the foundation on which knowledge gets built. The cause of concern is that this theoretical framework rarely gets questioned despite its inherent limitations and self-defeating consequences, leading to crisis in the concerned field. The field, which is facing crisis today, is that of medicine, and the paradigmatic stance that is responsible for the crisis is Cartesian dualismͿa view that mind and body are essentially separate entities. This paper discusses Cartesian dualism in the context of the practice of medicine. Focusing more closely on how disease, health and treatment are defined through this position, the paper builds up its critique by throwing light on its accomplishments, limitations and self-defeating consequences. The paper also seeks to understand why this dualism is still alive despite its disavowal from philosophers, health practitioners and lay people.

  11. Mind-body dualism: A critique from a health perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neeta Mehta

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Philosophical theory about the nature of human beings has far reaching consequences on our understanding of various issues faced by them. Once taken as self-evident, it becomes the foundation on which knowledge gets built. The cause of concern is that this theoretical framework rarely gets questioned despite its inherent limitations and self-defeating consequences, leading to crisis in the concerned field. The field, which is facing crisis today, is that of medicine, and the paradigmatic stance that is responsible for the crisis is Cartesian dualismͿa view that mind and body are essentially separate entities. This paper discusses Cartesian dualism in the context of the practice of medicine. Focusing more closely on how disease, health and treatment are defined through this position, the paper builds up its critique by throwing light on its accomplishments, limitations and self-defeating consequences. The paper also seeks to understand why this dualism is still alive despite its disavowal from philosophers, health practitioners and lay people.

  12. Mind-body Dualism: A critique from a Health Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mehta, Neeta

    2011-01-01

    Philosophical theory about the nature of human beings has far reaching consequences on our understanding of various issues faced by them. Once taken as self-evident, it becomes the foundation on which knowledge gets built. The cause of concern is that this theoretical framework rarely gets questioned despite its inherent limitations and self-defeating consequences, leading to crisis in the concerned field. The field, which is facing crisis today, is that of medicine, and the paradigmatic stance that is responsible for the crisis is Cartesian dualism-a view that mind and body are essentially separate entities. This paper discusses Cartesian dualism in the context of the practice of medicine. Focusing more closely on how disease, health and treatment are defined through this position, the paper builds up its critique by throwing light on its accomplishments, limitations and self-defeating consequences. The paper also seeks to understand why this dualism is still alive despite its disavowal from philosophers, health practitioners and lay people. PMID:21694971

  13. A Critique of Popular Political Economies of Knowledge in Cyberspace,

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Hakken

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available The general social science issue addressed by this article is whether social formations change very much as they take on the characteristics popularly associated with “cyberspace”—that is, as their reproduction is heavily mediated by automated information and communication technologies (AICTs. It also inquires as to the extent to which the changes associated with cyberspace are a consequences of changes in knowledge. The article begins with an extended critique of influential scholarly ideas about the relationship between AICTs, knowledge and social formation reproduction, demonstrating how they all share a capital theory of value masquerading as a knowledge theory of value. An alternative, “real” knowledge theory of value is developed an argued for in relation to potential changes in reproduction dynamics that can be connected to AICTs. Finally, the alternative is evaluated in relation to the author’s current research, on advocacy for and development of Free/Libre and Open Source Software, in the Malay World and more generally. The ultimate aim of the theory developed is to help make studies of AICTs’ cultural correlates more comparative.

  14. The Place of a Positive Critique in Contemporary Critical Psychology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morten Nissen

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The essay attempts to contextualize the German-Scandinavian tradition of Critical Psychology (GSCP that bases on Cultural-Historical Activity Theory in today's critical psychologies. It is argued that adding to a psychology and ideology critique the positive dimension of ”foundational” theory is important to counteract the currently prevailing “negative” ideology of liberalism. It is also claimed that an ”instrumental” version of critical psychology, which takes up elements from psychology for tactical purposes will remain dependent on the given discipline of psychology and unable to reflect on its own subject position. GSCP is then rendered as developing the Marxist ontology of social practice (rather than its utopianism toward a concept of a subjectivity constituted in social practice but with the criteria of action potency and productive needs on the part of the individual. It is suggested that this approach solves important problems in contemporary critical psychology. Finally, it is described how GSCP, too, might grow from the encounter, by developing a theory of collective subjectivity to include – us.

  15. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs: An Islamic critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anke Iman Bouzenita

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Abraham Maslow’s model of the hierarchy of needs is pervasive in many academic specialisations. After a short description of the model, this article summarises the existing criticisms. While criticism on the empirical validity of the model and its ethno-centricity are frequently mentioned in the literature, the authors of this article give special focus on the missing consideration of the spiritual aspect of human existence in Maslow’s model. The study explores reasons for the commodification of the model (i.e. the divorcing of the model from its substance and using it simply as a commodity and the non-consideration of Maslow’s later changes. Special focus is laid on the usage of this model in marketing, given its position as a field which embodies the capitalist perspective so completely through, particularly, advertising but also through the conceptualisation of people. The article describes the model’s diverse reception in Muslim academic circles. It offers an Islamic critique of both its foundations and its usage. The study concludes that attempts at harmonising the model with the higher objectives (maqāṣid of the Sharī‘ah do not do justice to either model.

  16. Human rights and cultural rights: An anthropological critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasiljević Jelena

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper starts by examining some of the key conceptual problems related to the idea of human rights, as well as some key arguments raised in defence of human rights as universal and emacipatory modern project. This is followed by a discussion on cultural rights, sometimes understood as a correction of human rights’ universalism, at other times taken as their „logical extension“; it will be shown how human rights have gradually begun to be amalgamated with cultural and collective rights. The third section of the paper continues with an overview of anthropological critique of cultural (and collective rights, with an emphasis on ethnographies critically examining the domination of the „rights talk“ in perceptions and self-perceptions of various local „cultural“ struggles. Finally, the issue of the universality of human rights is reexamined from the perspective of the particularity of citizens’ rights with the aim of questioning the validity of their conceptual demarcation. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 43007 i br. 41004

  17. Notes on a methodological discussion: autobiography, critique and time

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunvor Løkken

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available After having tried for some time to overview the contemporary field of qualitative research to give a lecture for a professorship in that area, my idea at the outset of writing this article was to address whether changes in qualitative research should be viewed as recurrent revolutions as highlighted by Denzin and Lincoln (2000; 2005, or as a field of continuing key themes and long-standing tensions, as conceptualized by Atkinson, Coffey and Delamont (2003. However, during my writing, after one detour into the May 2009 issue of Current Sociology and a second detour into the July 2009 issue of Qualitative Research, my attention focused on to how critical debate and review are displayed in different methodological positions of qualitative research. In my reading, the discussion in Current Sociology between main stream and postmodern methodological positioning revealed an utterly one-way feminist critique; this was also the case in one of three book reviews of The Handbook of Qualitative Research (Denzin and Lincoln, 2005 in the referred issue of Qualitative Research. My puzzle over this critical stance, and my third detour, into Yvonne Lincoln’s discussion of twenty-five years of qualitative and new paradigm research in the January 2010 Issue of Qualitative Inquiry, helped evolve the following notes on a methodological discussion. The notes are partly structured by a temporal narrative over personally lived qualitative research, and partly by an epistemological narrative of a methodological discussion, interwoven with the passing of time when writing.

  18. Automated Guidance for Thermodynamics Essays: Critiquing Versus Revisiting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donnelly, Dermot F.; Vitale, Jonathan M.; Linn, Marcia C.

    2015-12-01

    Middle school students struggle to explain thermodynamics concepts. In this study, to help students succeed, we use a natural language processing program to analyze their essays explaining the aspects of thermodynamics and provide guidance based on the automated score. The 346 sixth-grade students were assigned to either the critique condition where they criticized an explanation or the revisit condition where they reviewed visualizations. Within each condition, the student was assigned one of two types of tailored guidance based on the sophistication of their original essay. Both forms of guidance led to significant improvement in student understanding on the posttest. Guidance was more effective for students with low prior knowledge than for those with high prior knowledge (consistent with regression toward the mean). However, analysis of student responses to the guidance illustrates the value of aligning guidance with prior knowledge. All students were required to revise their essay as an embedded assessment. While effective, teachers involved in this study reported that revising is resisted by students and does not align with typical, vocabulary-focused classroom writing activities.

  19. The problematization of medical tourism: a critique of neoliberalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Kristen

    2012-04-01

    The past two decades have seen the extensive privatisation and marketisation of health care in an ever reaching number of developing countries. Within this milieu, medical tourism is being promoted as a rational economic development strategy for some developing nations, and a makeshift solution to the escalating waiting lists and exorbitant costs of health care in developed nations. This paper explores the need to problematize medical tourism in order to move beyond one dimensional neoliberal discourses that have, to date, dominated the arena. In this problematization, the paper discusses a range of understandings and uses of the term 'medical tourism' and situates it within the context of the neoliberal economic development of health care internationally. Drawing on theory from critical medical anthropology and health and human rights perspectives, the paper critically analyzes the assumed independence between the medical tourism industry and local populations facing critical health issues, where social, cultural and economic inequities are widening in terms of access, cost and quality of health care. Finally, medical tourism is examined in the local context of India, critiquing the increasingly indistinct roles played by government and private sectors, whilst linking these shifts to global market forces. PMID:22420447

  20. A Postcolonial Feminist Critique of Harem Analogies in Psychological Science

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    Natasha Bharj

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Since the 1930s, psychologists have used the term harem as an analogy for social relations among animals. In doing so they draw upon gendered and racial stereotypes located in the history of colonialism. We present an experimental study on the harem analogy as a means of confronting and challenging colonial undercurrents in psychological science. We investigated whether the use of this colonialist image in studies of animal societies could subtly affect thinking about Middle Eastern Muslim people. Two-hundred and forty-nine participants read about animal societies; in the experimental condition these were described as “harems” and accompanied by the analogy of harems in Middle Eastern Muslim societies. In the two control conditions, animal societies were either described as “groups” or “harems”, with no mention of the analogy. In the experimental condition, participants falsely remembered descriptions of Muslim people of the Middle East as applying to animals. This finding replicates the “resistance is futile” effect (Blanchette & Dunbar, 2002; Perrott, Gentner, & Bodenhausen, 2005 by which false remembering of analogical statements as previously seen literal descriptions is taken as suggestive of analogical mapping between two disparate concepts. As such, the study contributes to debate between feminist and evolutionary psychology about the value-neutrality of psychology, and to postcolonial critique of the partiality of mainstream psychological accounts of the universality of nature and society.

  1. Carcinome épidermoïde du sein: à propos de 3cas et revue de la littérature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alaoui, Fatima Zohra Fdili; Benkirane, Saad; Chaara, Hekmat; Bouguern, Hakima; Melhouf, Moulay Abdilah

    2012-01-01

    Les carcinomes épidermoides du sein sont rares. Ils sont d'origine métaplasiques. Leur histogénèse est controversée. La présentation clinique et mammographique n'est pas spécifique, l'aspect kystisé des lésions et la présence de nécrose sont recherchés à l’échographie mammaire. Le diagnostic est histologique. Ce cancer est réputé être peu lymphophile et non hormonodépendant. Le traitement rejoint celui des carcinomes infiltrants canalaires et repose sur la chirurgie, la radiothérapie et la chimiothérapie. Le pronostic est péjoratif. Nous rapportons trois cas de carcinome épidermoide du sein colligés au service de Gynécologie obstétrique II au CHU Hassan II de Fès et une revue de la littérature. PMID:22891096

  2. Thrombasthénie de Glanzmann et grossesse: à propos d'un cas et revue de la littérature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rachad, Myriam; Chaara, Hikmat; Fdili, Fatim Zahra; Jayi, Sofia; Bouguern, Hakimat; Melhouf, Moulay Abdelilah

    2011-01-01

    La thrombasthenie de Glanzmann est une anomalie plaquettaire qualitative, à transmission autosomale récessive, due à un déficit en glycoprotéine IIb/IIIa (GPIIb/IIIa), avec un défaut d'agrégation plaquettaire. Il en résulte une perturbation de l'hémostase primaire, à l'origine d'hémorragie plus ou mois importantes. Nous rapportons l'observation de N.A, âgée de 32 ans, suivie depuis l'enfance pour maladie de Glanzmann, troisième pare, avec deux accouchements par voie basse et une césarienne programmée, compliqués tous les trois par hémorragie de délivrance, jugulée avec succés. La grossesse chez une patiente thrombo-asthenique reste rare, peu de cas jusqu'à présent, sont décrits. A travers cette observation, et à la lumière d'une revue de la littérature, nous allons essayer surtout, de mettre le point sur la prise en charge de cette association délicate, qui met en jeu, à chaque fois, le pronostic vital maternel. PMID:22384307

  3. Ossification du ligament de Hoffa: évolution finale de la maladie de Hoffa (à propos d'un cas avec revue de la littérature)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boukhris, Jalal; Boussouga, Mostapha; Benchakroune, Mohammed; Jaafar, Abdelouahab; Chagar, Belkacem

    2014-01-01

    La responsabilité de la bourse graisseuse sous rotulienne dans certains dérangements internes du genou est connue depuis les observations originales rapportées par Hoffa en 1904. En peropératoire, Hoffa retrouvait une frange graisseuse qui occupait l'interligne articulaire, dont l'ablation faisait disparaître les symptômes. Depuis cette date, peu de publications ont été consacrées à la maladie de Hoffa, et à notre connaissance, aucune grande série n'a été publiée récemment dans la littérature. Ce travail comprend une revue bibliographiqe associée à l’étude des différents aspects sémiologiques, étiopathogéniques et thérapeutiques de ce type d'affection, en rapportant un cas d'ossification du ligament de Hoffa qui ne serait en fait que l’évolution finale de la maladie. PMID:25852801

  4. Les métropoles et la nouvelle critique urbaine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pierre Hamel

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available La perspective critique élaborée par Henri Lefebvre demeure pertinente pour penser les rapports sociaux à l’espace, y inclus ceux qu’on observe dans les métropoles contemporaines en Amérique du Nord. En examinant la controverse autour de la forme urbaine telle que celle-ci a été remise à l’ordre du jour dans les années 1990 à la faveur du discours néorégionaliste, ce texte pose la question de l’avenir des métropoles et du modèle de ville dans lequel on souhaite vivre. La thèse défendue peut se résumer comme suit : afin de faire échec à la position libérale qui accorde la préséance aux facteurs économiques et aux forces du marché, les acteurs sociaux doivent porter le débat autour de la forme urbaine sur le terrain politique. À cette fin, l’urgence demeure de mobiliser la communauté politique.Henri Lefebvre’s critical approach remains appropriate for thinking about social relationships to space, including those we can now assess in North American metropolis. Through analyzing the controversy about the urban form as it has been highlighted again during the nineties and favored by the new regionalist discourse, this paper poses the question of the future of metropolis and the posterity of the urban model in which one wishes to live. Its thesis could be summarized like this : in order to make fail the liberal position which privileges to economical factors and market forces, social actors have to orientate the debate about the urban form towards the political field. In such a perspective, the emergency remains to mobilize the polity.

  5. Social critique and engagement between universalism, anti-authoritarianism and diagnosis of domination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivković Marjan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper discusses a particular ‘isomorphy’ between two forms of social criticism: the ‘holistic’ theoretical social critique represented by such authors as Jürgen Habermas and Axel Honneth and ‘collective social engagement’ represented by such civic movements as the ‘We Won’t Let Belgrade D(rown’ initiative in contemporary Serbia, which the paper tries to distinguish from more conventional forms of popular protest. This ‘isomorphy’, the paper argues, consists in a tension between three distinct imperatives of the justification of critique - those of normative universalism, epistemological anti-authoritarianism, and diagnosis of social domination - produced by the attempts of both the ‘holistic’ social critics and the collectively engaged actors to simultaneously respond to all three imperatives. After presenting the three types of theoretical critique that crystallize around each imperative, the paper discusses the internal tension that arises in the works of ‘holistic’ theoretical critics and then identifies the same kind of tension in the ‘We Won’t Let Belgrade D(rown’ initiative. The tension in the movement’s critique is outlined through a brief analysis of the activists’ discourse as articulated in the bulletin We Won’t Let Belgrade D(rown issued in March 2015. Since the examples also suggest that collective engagement is better than theoretical critique at keeping this tension ‘productive’, the paper finally offers some tentative thoughts on the possible reasons for this difference.

  6. Au-delà de la !revoluciòn! : Un regard critique sur le Venezuela contemporain

    OpenAIRE

    Rebotier, Julien

    2008-01-01

    Revue en ligne The “Bolivarian Revolution” rises at the end of a century of huge transformations for the country as regards oil exploitation. This still has a lot of consequences today. The election of President is the product of both the failure of a negotiated democracy and two decades of crisis which sharpen inequalities. Nevertheless, both the socio political order and symbolic order can be questioned, but economic order is not really modified. Chavism changes part of the face of Venez...

  7. A Reply to the Current Critiques Formulated Against Hoppe's Argumentation Ethics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian Eabrasu

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available This article responds to current critiques directed against Hoppe’s justification by performative contradiction of the self-ownership axiom. Maintaining that ethics should be grounded on sound principles, Hoppe observes that only self-ownership can pass the test of performative contradiction. From this idea, he concludes that only libertarianism (the ethical system grounded on the axiom of self-ownership can be justified. Any other ethic is self-defeating. An important debate in ethics was stimulated by numerous critiques formulated against the performative contradiction and more precisely against the use that Hoppe makes of it in justifying libertarianism. Without endorsing Hoppe’s argumentation, this article prevents some common misunderstandings, systemizes the types of critiques and thoroughly replies to them.

  8. Contributions to a Marxist Critical Pedagogy of Becoming: Centering the Critique of the Gotha Programme: Part Two

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malott, Curry; Ford, Derek R.

    2015-01-01

    Part two: This article is the second part of a project concerned with developing a Marxist critical pedagogy that moves beyond a critique of capital and toward a communist future. The article performs an educational reading of Marx's Critique of the Gotha Programme in order to delineate what a Marxist critical pedagogy of becoming communist might…

  9. Analyzing Mass Media through Video Art Education: Popular Pedagogy and Social Critique in the Work of Candice Breitz

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spont, Marya

    2010-01-01

    This article begins with the premise that art education should engage with forms of popular visual culture in the art classroom so that students can better understand, evaluate, and critique the world around them. The researcher argues that studying video art with students offers a valuable approach to critiquing film and television, among other…

  10. Medicine and Mind-Body Dualism: A Reply to Mehta's Critique

    OpenAIRE

    Joubert, Callie

    2014-01-01

    Neeta Mehta recently advanced the thesis that medical practice is facing a crisis today. In her paper “Mind-body dualism: a critique from a health perspective” she attributes the crisis to the philosophy of Descartes and set out to understand why this dualism is still alive despite its disavowal from philosophers, health practitioners and lay people. The aim of my reply to her critique is three-fold. First, I draw attention to a more fundamental problem and show that dualism is inescapable—sc...

  11. Bruno Latour, actor-networks, and the critique of critical sociology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spasić Ivana

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes the theoretical opus of Bruno Latour and his treatment of the concept of critique. In the first section "actor-network theory" is presented through its key notions (actant, network, translation, associations together with Latour’s theory of modernity. In the second section various aspects of the relation between Latour and critique are discussed - first his own criticism of others (standard sociology and especially "critical", i.e. Bourdieu’s sociology, then the criticisms aimed at his work, to conclude with the political ambivalences of Latour’s attempt to develop an "acritical" social theory. .

  12. Nestlé as corporate citizen: a critique of its Commitment to Africa report

    OpenAIRE

    Kumba Jallow

    2009-01-01

    Purpose – This paper attempts to provide a critique of the Commitment to Africa report in an effort to understand how one large transnational corporation sees its role in the continent and to explain its social responsibility and its approach to citizenship. Design/methodology/approach – The critique analyses sections of the report by identifying the key messages contained therein and reflects on these in the light of other evidence and viewpoints. For instance: On what does Nestlé base its c...

  13. John Stuart Mill, héritier et critique de Jeremy Bentham

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armand Guillot

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available John Stuart Mill peut être présenté à la fois comme le véritable héritier de Bentham et comme son critique le plus célèbre. En tant que critique, il reproche principalement à Bentham des simplifications excessives dans son étude de la vie psychologique, et plus particulièrement dans son évaluation des plaisirs. Ainsi, Bentham serait aveugle aux différents caractères que les actions humaines expriment et qu’elles contribuent à former. Il serait également incapable d’envisager la dimension qual...

  14. LA SUBJECTIVITÉ ÉNONCIATIVE ET LA CONSTITUTION D’IDENTITÉS DANS LE DISCOURS DE LA REVUE FÉMINISTE LA VIE EN ROSE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marty LAFOREST

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available • RÉSUMÉ: La question de l’avortement au Québec suscite encore aujourd’hui des discussions sur sa légalité ainsi que sur le droit des femmes de décider d’avorter. En ce sens, cet article a comme objectif de faire l’analyse d’un éditorial de la revue féministe La vie en rose publié en 1982, en réponse à la lettre antiavortement des évêques, écrite en 1981. À partir des considérations de Kerbrat-Orecchioni concernant l’énonciation et la subjectivité, nous faisons une analyse discursive afin de comprendre comment l’énonciation contribue à la constitution des identités et de saisir comment la subjectivité produit une argumentation dans ces discours. En outre, nous adoptons les notions d’identité de Stuart Hall et de pouvoir de Michel Foucault pour comprendre comment la constitution des sujets dans le langage et dans le contexte socio-historique de production des énoncés rend possible la description des relations de pouvoir exercées entre les féministes, l’Église, l’État et les médecins. Cette analyse nous permet de conclure à la production d’identités multiples pour les femmes, dont l’objectif est de faire résistance face au pouvoir d’institutions hégémoniques. • MOTS-CLÉS: Avortement. Énonciation. Subjectivité. Identité. Pouvoir.

  15. LA SUBJECTIVITÉ ÉNONCIATIVE ET LA CONSTITUTION D'IDENTITÉS DANS LE DISCOURS DE LA REVUE FÉMINISTE LA VIE EN ROSE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marty LAFOREST

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available La question de l'avortement au Québec suscite encore aujourd'hui des discussions sur sa légalité ainsi que sur le droit des femmes de décider d'avorter. En ce sens, cet article a comme objectif de faire l'analyse d'un éditorial de la revue féministe La vie en rose publié en 1982, en réponse à la lettre antiavortement des évêques, écrite en 1981. À partir des considérations de Kerbrat-Orecchioni concernant l'énonciation et la subjectivité, nous faisons une analyse discursive afin de comprendre comment l'énonciation contribue à la constitution des identités et de saisir comment la subjectivité produit une argumentation dans ces discours. En outre, nous adoptons les notions d'identité de Stuart Hall et de pouvoir de Michel Foucault pour comprendre comment la constitution des sujets dans le langage et dans le contexte socio-historique de production des énoncés rend possible la description des relations de pouvoir exercées entre les féministes, l'Église, l'État et les médecins. Cette analyse nous permet de conclure à la production d'identités multiples pour les femmes, dont l'objectif est de faire résistance face au pouvoir d'institutions hégémoniques.

  16. Musique, voix chantée et apprentissage : une revue de littérature et quelques propositions d'exploitation en didactique de la phonétique des langues

    OpenAIRE

    CORNAZ, Sandra; Caussade, Diane

    2014-01-01

    Publiée par le CRINI (Centre de Recherche sur les Identités Nationales et l'Interculturalité), E-Crini est une revue scientifique électronique dont l'objectif est de diffuser et de valoriser la recherche interdisciplinaire menée en civilisation, littérature, linguistique, didactique, traductologie et cinéma, sur la question des identités : linguistiques, culturelles ou encore nationales (aussi bien au sens historique qu'au sens anthropologique du terme), à travers des perspectives croisées. L...

  17. Critique des critiques. La crise de la légitimité des journalistes spécialisés en cinéma.

    OpenAIRE

    Krywicki, Boris

    2016-01-01

    Bien avant l'avènement d'internet, les critiques cinéma se questionnaient déjà sur la légitimité de leurs jugements. Une table ronde, appelée "Point Critique", s'est interrogée sur leur rôle, la pertinence de leur position d'intermédiaire entre distributeurs et spectateurs. A l'ère du numérique, cette crise semble d'autant plus prégnante. Plusieurs circuits fermés de l'évaluation se sont développés sur le web. Les amateurs échangent leurs propres avis en leur sein, affranchis des intervention...

  18. Why is according to Rudolf Brajčić Keilbach's critique of Kant unacceptable to Kant? Is a direct critique of Kant possible?

    OpenAIRE

    Hrbud, Natali

    2004-01-01

    Kant's philosophy is present in author's considerations in numerous articles and more particularly in two books - Justification of Pure Reason and A Philosophical Experiment. We shell discuss here an unpublished article written by father Rudolf Brajčić, titled: Why is Keilbach's Critique of Kant Unacceptable to Kant? Is a direct Crituque of Kant possible? In this article, the author engages a reconsideration of synthetical a priori judgments and distinguishes Kant's interpretation of those ju...

  19. Conflicting Ideologies and Language Policy in Adult ESL: Complexities of Language Socialization in a Majority-L1 Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mori, Miki

    2014-01-01

    This study looks at how language ideologies affect and are revealed in language socialization practices in a majority-L1 adult ESL classroom, particularly looking at language use and policy. It draws on recent theories and critiques of language socialization (Bayley & Langman, 2011; Bronson & Watson-Gegeo, 2008; Garrett &…

  20. Integrative Review of the Literature on Adults with Limited Education and Skills and the Implications for Human Resource Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, David W.; Torraco, Richard J.

    2013-01-01

    Adults with limited education and skills--those who lack the education and skills needed for full participation in U.S. culture and economy--are increasing in numbers. However, the knowledge base addressing this population and their educational needs is fragmented across the literature of several disciplines. A comprehensive review and critique of…

  1. Adult Strabismus

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Conditions Frequently Asked Questions Español Condiciones Chinese Conditions Adult Strabismus En Español Read in Chinese Can anything be done for adults with strabismus (misaligned eyes)? Yes. Adults can benefit ...

  2. Seventy Years of Social Psychology: A Cultural and Personal Critique

    OpenAIRE

    Gustav Jahoda

    2016-01-01

    This paper traces some salient aspects of my research career, focusing largely on work in West Africa. From this lessons are drawn about the shortcomings of social psychology, especially in its laboratory version. It tends to tacitly ignore the effects of cultural influences, assuming that its findings are universally valid. Studies are mainly conducted with adults, generally college students, who are unrepresentative even of the general population of the United States where the bulk of socia...

  3. Cultural Capital and Agency: Connecting Critique and Curriculum in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clegg, Sue

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores some of the unresolved tensions in higher education systems and the contradiction between widening participation and the consolidation of social position. It shows how concepts of capital derived from Bourdieu, Coleman and Putnam provide a powerful basis for critique, but risk a deficit view of students from less privileged…

  4. Leo Strauss and the Neoconservative Critique of the Liberal University: Postmodernism, Relativism and the Culture Wars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Michael A.

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines the neoconservative critique of the university and particularly the attack on multiculturalism and postmodernism that initiated the culture wars. It seeks to explain these developments by an analysis of the thought of Leo Strauss. The paper begins by providing an introduction to US neoconservatism and latest challenges to it…

  5. Critique: Can Children with AD/HD Learn Relaxation and Breathing Techniques through Biofeedback Video Games?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Craig; Conlon, Elizabeth

    2009-01-01

    This article presents a critique on K. Amon and A. Campbell's "Can children with AD/HD learn relaxation and breathing techniques through biofeedback video games?". Amon and Campbell reported a successful trial of a commercially available biofeedback program, "The Wild Divine", in reducing symptoms of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)…

  6. Does Homeschooling "Work"? A Critique of the Empirical Claims and Agenda of Advocacy Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubienski, Christopher; Puckett, Tiffany; Brewer, T. Jameson

    2013-01-01

    The phenomenal growth of homeschooling in recent years demonstrates not only the appeal of this educational approach but also the notable policy acumen of the homeschooling movement's leading advocates. This analysis examines and critiques the empirical claims made by homeschooling proponents to justify further expansion and deregulation of the…

  7. Using a Collaborative Critiquing Technique to Develop Chemistry Students' Technical Writing Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carr, Jeremy M.

    2013-01-01

    The technique, termed "collaborative critiquing", was developed to teach fundamental technical writing skills to analytical chemistry students for the preparation of laboratory reports. This exercise, which can be completed prior to peer-review activities, is novel, highly interactive, and allows students to take responsibility for their…

  8. Pursuing the Administrative Avant-Garde: An Aesthetic Critique of Change in Educational Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samier, Eugenie A.

    2012-01-01

    This paper addresses theories of the avant-garde, especially but not exclusively in art and as part of a modernist aesthetic. The paper examines the ways in which avant-garde theory of the creative process can inform educational administration in the change process, as both a critique and an ideal. The argument adopted here is that if…

  9. Critique of the economic case for the fast reactor. Chapter 12

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The subject is discussed under the headings: introduction; critique of the cost stereotypes; the fast reactor fuel cycle (reprocessing and refabrication costs; out-of-reactor time and economic optimisation; the doubling time and the logistics of the fast breeder programme). (U.K.)

  10. Social Diversity and Democracy in Higher Education in the 21st Century: Towards a Feminist Critique

    Science.gov (United States)

    David, Miriam E.

    2009-01-01

    This paper takes a feminist perspective on the UK literature on mass higher education in the 21st century, building on US critiques about marketization, neo-liberalism and "academic capitalism". Concepts of equality and diversity have been transformed by neo-liberalism and how these changes have constrained democratic contributions to UK higher…

  11. Policy Options for Turkey: A Critique of the Interpretation and Utilization of PISA Results in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gur, Bekir S.; Celik, Zafer; Ozoglu, Murat

    2012-01-01

    In this article we provide a critique of the interpretation and utilization of Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) results by the National Education Authorities in Turkey. First, we define and explain what OECD's PISA is. Second, we make an overview of the media coverage in Turkey of the PISA 2003 and 2006 results. Third, we…

  12. Inquiry, Critique, and Dissemination of Knowledge: Graduate Students Contributing to Wikipedia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simmons, Nicola

    2013-01-01

    Graduate students use existing knowledge and are ultimately expected to add to that knowledge. Students in a Masters of Education entry course were asked to find a Wikipedia page related to the course topics, critique it, and make improvements to it to begin to develop these skills. In this paper, I examine ways in which their perspectives were…

  13. Critique of the quantum power of judgment. A transcendental foundation of quantum objectivity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this book Kant's critique of pure ratio is considered in the framework of quantum mechanics. In this connections Bohr's thought is considered with a short view on the EPR paradox. Finally a transcendental foundation of quantum mechanics is presented. (HSI)

  14. Beyond discovery: A review of the critique of the discovery view of opportunities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Korsgaard, Steffen T.

    This paper systematically reviews and synthesises the critique since 2000 of the discovery view's interpretation of entrepreneurial opportunities. The review shows that the framing of the debate as polarised between two oppositions, the discovery view versus the creation view, is oversimplified...

  15. Religion, Ethics, and the Implications for Moral Education: A Critique of Nucci's "Morality and Religious Rules."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kunzman, Robert

    2003-01-01

    Critiques Larry Nucci's argument that for many religious believers, religion and morality cannot be separated. Believes that morality is only weakly independent from religion. Argues that moral education in U.S. public schools needs curricula that help students explore and understand moral rationales and motivations from various cultural and…

  16. The role of critique in philosophy of education: its subject matter and its ambiguities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    G.F. Heyting; C. Winch

    2004-01-01

    The role of critique in the Anglophone analytical tradition of philosophy of education is outlined and some of its shortcomings are noted, particularly its apparent claim to methodological objectivity in arriving at what are clearly contestable positions about the normative basis of education. Many

  17. Foucault and the Use of Critique: Breaching the Self-Evidence of Educational Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bye, Jayne

    2015-01-01

    This paper poses methodological questions about the role and limits of Foucault's concept of governmentality in education research. Firstly, it argues for the utility of governmentality as a means of exploring questions of power regardless of domain or scale. Secondly, it explores the boundary between the tasks of formulating critique and…

  18. A Roadblock to Social Justice? An Analysis and Critique of the South African Education Roadmap

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tikly, Leon

    2011-01-01

    The article provides an analysis and critique of contemporary debates concerning the quality of education in South Africa from a social justice perspective. In particular the article focuses on the "Education Roadmap" which has gained support from a range of stakeholders in South Africa including key members of the newly elected government. The…

  19. Towards Artistry: A Critique of the HRD Performance Paradigm and a Suggested New Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Theodore

    2005-01-01

    This article critiques the performance approach to HRD and proposes a new model that takes into account the deep complexities inherent in the human transaction of work. In critically examining the dominant performance paradigm, meanings of work are examined, illustrating that the desire to work extends beyond extrinsic considerations. That work…

  20. Service Learning at Community Colleges: Synthesis, Critique, and Recommendations for Future Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taggart, Amanda; Crisp, Gloria

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to review and critique empirical work done, to date, specific to service learning experiences at the community college level. A review of the literature was conducted in order to examine the empirical work that has been developed regarding service learning, a form of experiential learning, at community colleges. The…

  1. A Critique on the Concept of Social Accountability in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedroza Flores, René; Villalobos Monroy, Guadalupe; Reyes Fabela, Ana María

    2015-01-01

    This paper attempts to present a critique of the concept and meaning of the term social accountability at university level from a critical point of view. The main objective is to analyze and re-build the term accountability in order to contextualize it for public universities. First, we present the importance of the idea of accountability in…

  2. A Critique of Science Education as Sociopolitical Action from the Perspective of Liberal Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadzigeorgiou, Yannis

    2015-01-01

    This paper outlines the rationale underpinning the conception of science education as sociopolitical action, and then presents a critique of such a conception from the perspective of liberal education. More specifically, the paper discusses the importance of the conception of science education as sociopolitical action (e.g., it can provide…

  3. Under the Rape Shield: Constitutional and Feminist Critiques of Rape Shield Laws

    OpenAIRE

    Roman, Denise

    2011-01-01

    This article discusses constitutional and feminist critiques of present rape shield laws in the United States, and ends with a comparative perspective throughout the Anglo-American legal space today. Finally, although the rape shield laws can be approached from a variety of discourses, this article engages specifically with a discourse that intersects legal and feminist analyses

  4. Game Critics: Exploring the Role of Critique in Game-Design Literacies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peppler, Kylie; Warschauer, Mark; Diazgranados, Alicia

    2010-01-01

    Digital games have become a major part of the twenty-first-century learning environment, but little attention has been paid to understanding what young learners already know about games and how this understanding can be used as a bridge to academic literacy. In this study, the authors analyze second-grade students' efforts at critiquing digital…

  5. Knowledge, Power and Meanings Shaping Quality Assurance in Higher Education: A Systemic Critique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houston, Don; Paewai, Shelley

    2013-01-01

    Internationally, quality assurance schemes persist despite long-standing dissatisfaction and critique of their impact and outcomes. Adopting a critical systems perspective, the article explores the relationships between the knowledge, power and meanings that stakeholder groups bring to the design and implementation of quality assurance systems.…

  6. Assessing the Anomalous Research on Hispanic Victimization: A Methodological Critique of a Victimological Enigma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Ben

    2009-01-01

    This article provides an overview and critique of the research on Hispanic victimization. Analyses of data gathered prior to the mid- to late 1990s consistently show Hispanics were victimized at disproportionately high rates, but numerous recent studies indicate Hispanics were not victimized at disproportionately high rates. Given that research…

  7. Radical Reform Within a Liberal and Democratic Framework? Rawls and the Radical Critique of Schooling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Claus, John F.

    1981-01-01

    The radical critique of American education portrays the schools as perpetuators of ethnic, social, and racial inequalities because they do not alter existing class relations. John Rawls' theory of social justice is discussed as an alternative approach to this situation that remains firmly grounded in the liberal tradition. (PP)

  8. Comparing Two Forms of Concept Map Critique Activities to Facilitate Knowledge Integration Processes in Evolution Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwendimann, Beat A.; Linn, Marcia C.

    2016-01-01

    Concept map activities often lack a subsequent revision step that facilitates knowledge integration. This study compares two collaborative critique activities using a Knowledge Integration Map (KIM), a form of concept map. Four classes of high school biology students (n?=?81) using an online inquiry-based learning unit on evolution were assigned…

  9. Formative versus Reflective Measurement in Executive Functions: A Critique of Willoughby et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Eric; Welsh, Marilyn C.

    2014-01-01

    Research into executive functioning (EF) has indeed grown exponentially across the past few decades, but as the Willoughby et al. critique makes clear, there remain fundamental questions to be resolved. The crux of their argument is built upon an examination of the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) approach to understanding executive processes.…

  10. Critiquing Human Resource Development's Dominant Masculine Rationality and Evaluating Its Impact

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bierema, Laura L.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to critique human resource development's (HRD) dominant philosophy, practices, and research; illustrate how they negatively affect women HRD practitioners and recipients; and recommend alternative conceptualizations of the field. This article is grounded in a critical feminist theoretical framework, draws on critical…

  11. Countering the Pedagogy of Extremism: Reflective Narratives and Critiques of Problem-Based Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woo, Chris W. H.; Laxman, Kumar

    2013-01-01

    This paper is a critique against "purist" pedagogies found in the literature of student-centred learning. The article reproves extremism in education and questions the absolutism and teleological truths expounded in exclusive problem-based learning. The paper articulates the framework of a unifying pedagogical practice through Eve…

  12. Work Design Theory: A Review and Critique with Implications for Human Resource Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torraco, Richard J.

    2005-01-01

    Six theoretical perspectives on work design are examined for their contributions to our understanding of how work is organized and designed in organizations: sociotechnical systems theory, process improvement, adaptive structuration theory, the job characteristics model, technostructural change models, and activity theory. A critique of these…

  13. Sécurité des patients et culture de sécurité: une revue de la littérature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adelaide Nascimento

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Depuis la publication du rapport "To err is human" par l'Institut de Médecine américain, la sécurité des patients est devenu un sujet incontournable des politiques publiques en santé: entre 44 000 et 98 000 personnes décèdent tous les ans aux Etats-Unis suite à des événements indésirables. En plus de mettre en évidence la nécessité de placer la sécurité des patients comme une priorité des autorités médicales, ce rapport centre ses recommandations sur le changement de culture à l'hôpital. C'est ainsi que le terme "culture de sécurité", utilisé dans le nucléaire depuis 30 ans, fait son apparition en milieu médical à partir des années 2000. L'objectif de cet article est de proposer une revue de littérature sur la culture de sécurité dans le domaine de la sécurité des patients. La recherche bibliographique a été réalisée sur la base de données ScienceDirect. Au total, 74 références ont été sélectionnées dont 48 ont été retenues pour la rédaction de cet article. L'analyse du matériel retenu a guidé la rédaction de cet article par thématique, à savoir: l'historique de la notion de culture de sécurité et ses approches classiques; et l'apparition de la notion de culture de sécurité en milieu médical, les méthodes d'évaluation existants et les moyens de son développement durable.

  14. Adult Education and Adult Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Illeris, Knud

    Kort beskrivelse Bogen, 'Adult Education og Adult Learning', giver et fyldestgørende overblik over forståelsen af voksenuddannelse og læring. Abstract I "Adult Education and Adult Learning' ser Knud Illeris på voksenuddannelse fra to perspektiver. På den ene side beskrives de aktuelle udfordringer...

  15. Le modele de Hubbard bidimensionnel a faible couplage: Thermodynamique et phenomenes critiques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Sebastien

    Une etude systematique du modele de Hubbard en deux dimensions a faible couplage a l'aide de la theorie Auto-Coherente a Deux Particules (ACDP) dans le diagramme temperature-dopage-interaction-sauts permet de mettre en evidence l'influence des fluctuations magnetiques sur les proprietes thermodynamiques du systeme electronique sur reseau. Le regime classique renormalise a temperature finie pres du dopage nul est marque par la grandeur de la longueur de correlation de spin comparee a la longueur thermique de de Broglie et est caracterisee par un accroissement drastique de la longueur de correlation de spin. Cette croissance exponentielle a dopage nul marque la presence d'un pic de chaleur specifique en fonction de la temperature a basse temperature. Une temperature de crossover est alors associee a la temperature a laquelle la longueur de correlation de spin est egale a la longueur thermique de de Broglie. C'est a cette temperature caracteristique, ou est observee l'ouverture du pseudogap dans le poids spectral, que se situe le maximum du pic de chaleur specifique. La presence de ce pic a des consequences sur l'evolution du potentiel chimique avec le dopage lorsque l'uniformite thermodynamique est respectee. Les contraintes imposees par les lois de la thermodynamique font en sorte que l'evolution du potentiel chimique avec le dopage est non triviale. On demontre entre autres que le potentiel chimique est proportionnel a la double occupation qui est reliee au moment local. Par ailleurs, une derivation de la fonction de mise a l'echelle de la susceptibilite de spin a frequence nulle au voisinage d'un point critique marque sans equivoque la presence d'un point critique quantique en dopage pour une valeur donnee de l'interaction. Ce point critique, associe a une transition de phase magnetique en fonction du dopage a temperature nulle, induit un comportement non trivial sur les proprietes physiques du systeme a temperature finie. L'approche quantitative ACDP permet de

  16. Shear-Wave Splitting in a Critical Crust: the Next Step Biréfringence des ondes transversales dans les croûtes critiques : la prochaine étape

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Crampin S.

    2006-12-01

    échelle, qui contrôle l'ensemble du phénomène, peut maintenant être associée aux contraintes générées par les fluides baignant les fissures intergranulaires. Ceci a probablement l'avantage unique, parmi les systèmes critiques, de donner la possibilité de contrôler en chaque point les détails des déformations avant fracture et l'approche du seuil critique (dans ce cas l'approche d'une fracturation, au moyen d'observations adéquates de la biréfringence des ondes transversales. Cet article passe en revue ces développements et commente leurs conséquences et leurs applications, en particulier les conséquences sur la mise en situation critique des roches spontanément. L'étape suivante sera d'exploiter ces techniques pour modéliser, contrôler et prédire les effets de changements de conditions sur la déformation de la masse rocheuse.

  17. FCJ-151 The modulation and ordering of affect: from emotion recognition technology to the critique of class composition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Gawne

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Recent developments in the workplace have seen the intensification of methods to elicit and capture value within and across the affective encounter, notably through the introduction of technologies to monitor and measure the production of affect and emotion in service workers. This paper develops the beginning of a critique of these technologies through a discussion of affective HCI, OKAO Vision and an engagement with the compositionist critique developed in (post-Operaismo.

  18. Interventions to Reduce Alcohol Use among HIV-Infected Individuals: A Review and Critique of the Literature

    OpenAIRE

    Brown, Jennifer L; DeMartini, Kelly S.; Sales, Jessica M.; Swartzendruber, Andrea L.; DiClemente, Ralph J.

    2013-01-01

    Alcohol use disorders are common among HIV-infected individuals and are associated with adverse physiological complications and increased engagement in other health risk behaviors. This paper provides a review and critique of interventions to reduce alcohol use among HIV-infected individuals, including a: (a) synthesis of core intervention components and trial designs; (b) summary of intervention efficacy to reduce alcohol use outcomes; and (c) methodological critique and guidance for future ...

  19. Continuing the dialogue: a response to Draper's critique of Fawcett's 'Conceptual models and nursing practice: the reciprocal relationship'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kahn, S; Fawcett, J

    1995-07-01

    In their response to Draper's (1993) critique of Fawcett's (1992) paper 'Conceptual models and nursing practice: the reciprocal relationship', the authors argue that Draper's critique is flawed. They point out that Draper fails to acknowledge the diversity within the positivist movement, makes logical leaps, and fails to acknowledge Fawcett's long-standing distinction between middle-range theories and conceptual models and her discussions of the differences in the criteria to be used when evaluating conceptual models and theories. PMID:7560529

  20. A feminist critique of research on menopausal experience of Korean women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Im, E O; Meleis, A I; Park, Y S

    1999-10-01

    Despite the increasing number of studies on the menopausal experience of Asian women, the focus of the studies has been on simple comparisons of their symptoms with Western women's and other disease-oriented research topics. To propose directions for future research on menopause, we analyzed and critiqued 158 studies on the menopausal experience of a group of Asian women-Korean women. The studies were retrieved through a search of computerized databases in the United States and South Korea, and they were reviewed, analyzed, and critiqued with a feminist perspective. Many of the studies have problems with (a) conceptualization, including ethnocentric and androcentric views of menopause, biomedical perspectives, and language difficulties; (b) research methods, such as inadequate instruments, passive relationships between researchers and research participants, culturally inappropriate communication styles, inadequate study designs, and homogeneous research participants; and (c) interpretation and communication of study findings. These issues undermine the conclusions drawn about the nature of the menopausal experience of Korean women. PMID:10520193

  1. Medicine and Mind-Body Dualism: A Reply to Mehta's Critique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joubert, Callie

    2014-01-01

    Neeta Mehta recently advanced the thesis that medical practice is facing a crisis today. In her paper "Mind-body dualism: a critique from a health perspective" she attributes the crisis to the philosophy of Descartes and set out to understand why this dualism is still alive despite its disavowal from philosophers, health practitioners and lay people. The aim of my reply to her critique is three-fold. First, I draw attention to a more fundamental problem and show that dualism is inescapable-scientifically and commonsensically. I then focus on the self-conscious emotions of shame, guilt and remorse, and argue that the self is not identical with a brain. The third section draws attention to the crisis in psychiatry and stipulates some of the main reasons why this is so. Contrary to Mehta's thesis, the health profession faces a crisis because of physicalism and biological reductionism. PMID:24891801

  2. Obstetrics in a Time of Violence: Mexican Midwives Critique Routine Hospital Practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zacher Dixon, Lydia

    2015-12-01

    Mexican midwives have long taken part in a broader Latin American trend to promote "humanized birth" as an alternative to medicalized interventions in hospital obstetrics. As midwives begin to regain authority in reproductive health and work within hospital units, they come to see the issue not as one of mere medicalization but of violence and violation. Based on ethnographic fieldwork with midwives from across Mexico during a time of widespread social violence, my research examines an emergent critique of hospital birth as a site of what is being called violencia obstétrica (obstetric violence). In this critique, women are discussed as victims of explicit abuse by hospital staff and by the broader health care infrastructures. By reframing obstetric practices as violent-as opposed to medicalized-these midwives seek to situate their concerns about women's health care in Mexico within broader regional discussions about violence, gender, and inequality. PMID:25411151

  3. Research integrity and rights of indigenous peoples: appropriating Foucault's critique of knowledge/power.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swazo, Norman K

    2005-09-01

    In this paper I appropriate the philosophical critique of Michel Foucault as it applies to the engagement of Western science and indigenous peoples in the context of biomedical research. The science of population genetics, specifically as pursued in the Human Genome Diversity Project, is the obvious example to illustrate (a) the contraposition of modern science and 'indigenous science', (b) the tendency to depreciate and marginalize indigenous knowledge systems, and (c) the subsumption of indigenous moral preferences in the juridical armature of international human rights law. I suggest that international bioethicists may learn from Foucault's critique, specifically of the need for vigilance about the knowledge/power relation expressed by the contraposition of modern science and 'indigeneity'. PMID:16137604

  4. Subject Between Negativity and Aufhebung/désoeuvrement. Refutation of the Cryptotheological Critique of Agamben

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikołaj Ratajczak

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is a detailed analysis of the critique concerning the conceptof subjectivity in Giorgio Agamben’s philosophy made by the Polish philosopherAgata Bielik-Robson arguing for her own conceptualization of subject’s ethicalformation. The main thesis states that by situating Agamben in the conceptualhorizon he aims to overcome, her critique stopped halfway. In doing so, the articleshows that the common ground of both Agamben’s and Bielik-Robson’s views onthe subject is the philosophy of Hegel and the differences between them can beexplicated as the difference in choosing one of two strategies of subject’s formationderiving from Hegel: while Bielik-Robson radicalizes the moment of negativity,Agamben tries to elaborate a different (messianic logic of Aufhebung.

  5. A Critique of Science Education as Sociopolitical Action from the Perspective of Liberal Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadzigeorgiou, Yannis

    2015-04-01

    This paper outlines the rationale underpinning the conception of science education as sociopolitical action, and then presents a critique of such a conception from the perspective of liberal education. More specifically, the paper discusses the importance of the conception of science education as sociopolitical action (e.g., it can provide students with opportunities to link school and society, it can offer them opportunities for more meaningful experiences, and it can also empower them as citizens) and then raises questions about the content of school science, about the place and value of scientific inquiry, and about the opportunities students have for self-directed inquiry. The central idea behind the critique is that a conception of science education as sociopolitical action downplays the importance of knowledge for its own sake and totally neglects the personal/aesthetic dimension of science.

  6. Exploring preservice elementary teachers' critique and adaptation of science curriculum materials in respect to socioscientific issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forbes, Cory T.; Davis, Elizabeth A.

    2008-09-01

    The work presented here represents a preliminary effort undertaken to address the role of teachers in supporting students’ learning and decision-making about socioscientific issues (SSI) by characterizing preservice elementary teachers’ critique and adaptation of SSI-based science curriculum materials and identifying factors that serve to mediate this process. Four undergraduate preservice elementary teachers were studied over the course of one semester. Results indicate that the teachers navigated multiple learning goals, as well as their own subject-matter knowledge, informal reasoning about SSI, and role identity, in their critique and adaptation of SSI-oriented science instructional materials. Implications for science teacher education and the design of curriculum materials in respect to SSI are discussed.

  7. Critiques and developments in world-systems analysis: an introduction to the special collection[1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard E. Lee

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available From its inception, the world-systems perspective was not onlyenormously influential in long-term, large-scale social research; it also attracted a set of serious critiques. These fell into the general areas of the emergence of the capitalist world-economy; reductionism in the mode of argument; surplus appropriation and accumulation, including the question of class; and the general exclusion of an analysis of any role for “culture.” It is concrete developments in world-systems analysis over the past three decades,although not to the exclusion of explicit responses to critiques, that have gone a long way in addressing these concerns. They fall most notably into the areas of commodity chains, households, world-ecology, and the structures of knowledge.

  8. L’aide au développement une fois de plus sous le feu de la critique

    OpenAIRE

    Gilles Carbonnier

    2010-01-01

    L’auteur remercie Nicole Anliker pour sa collaboration à l’élaboration de cet article.1. IntroductionDans la partie suivante de la Revue internationale de politique de développement,les auteurs analysent les grands enjeux et tendances en matière de politique commerciale, de finance, de sécurité alimentaire et de coopération internationale au développement. Leurs contributions se penchent sur les évolutions intervenues en 2008 et 2009 et analysent notamment les implications de la crise financi...

  9. L’aide au développement une fois de plus sous le feu de la critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilles Carbonnier

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available L’auteur remercie Nicole Anliker pour sa collaboration à l’élaboration de cet article.1. IntroductionDans la partie suivante de la Revue internationale de politique de développement,les auteurs analysent les grands enjeux et tendances en matière de politique commerciale, de finance, de sécurité alimentaire et de coopération internationale au développement. Leurs contributions se penchent sur les évolutions intervenues en 2008 et 2009 et analysent notamment les implications de la crise financi...

  10. Globalization and the social justice agenda for education: Moving from critique to possibilities

    OpenAIRE

    Yvette Daniel

    2007-01-01

    This paper analyzes the complexities of addressing the impact of globalization on educational policy. The intent is to engage in a constructive debate about education and equity in a globalized context. Although despair is sometimes inevitable, and is, oftentimes, manifested in a continuing critique of the detrimental effects of globalization on issues of equity and social justice in education, it is not the end. It could serve as the beginning of something that is not just different a...

  11. Comparing two forms of concept map critique activities to support knowledge integration in biology education.

    OpenAIRE

    Schwendimann, Beat

    2014-01-01

    Concept map activities often lack a subsequent revision step that facilitates knowledge integration. This study compares two kinds of concept map critique activities embedded in an evolution unit: Student dyads in one group compared their concept maps against an expert map while dyads in the other group conducted a peer-review. Analysis of the concept maps suggests that both treatment groups significantly improved their understanding of evolution. However, the two groups developed different c...

  12. Market Power and the Demsetz Quality Critique: An Evaluation for Food Retailing

    OpenAIRE

    Ronald W. Cotterill; C. David Harper

    1994-01-01

    This study analyzes supermarket firm prices to determine whether prices are related to market structure and whether the Demsetz quality critique is valid. Factor analysis is used to identify five service factors that are modeled with price as endogenous variables in a simultaneous equations framework to test whether a more concentrated market structure is related to higher service levels which, in turn, are related to higher prices (the Demsetz hypothesis) and whether a more concentrated mark...

  13. Beyond Strauss, lies, and the war in Iraq: Hannah Arendt's critique of neoconservatism

    OpenAIRE

    Owens, Patricia

    2007-01-01

    What are we to make of the neoconservative challenge to traditional international thought? Should we content ourselves, as many have done, to return to classical realism in response? Rather than offer another realist assessment of neoconservative foreign policy this article turns to Hannah Arendt. In a very different language, Arendt articulated a critique of the dangers of moralism in the political realm that avoids realist cynicism. She is also better placed to challenge the neoconservative...

  14. A Response to ÒThe Social Responsibility of Corporate Management: A Classical CritiqueÓ

    OpenAIRE

    Frederick R. Post

    2003-01-01

    The preceding article, ÒThe Social Responsibility of Corporate Management: A Classical Critique,Ó argues that the Shareholder Theory, which the authors refer to as the ÒFriedman ParadigmÓ represents the only intellectually and ethically meritorious model for assessing corporate social responsibility. This response argues that the 19th Century Shareholder Theory is based upon numerous factual and legal inaccuracies and fictions when evaluated in the context of the modern era. Requiring that ma...

  15. The Iron Cage of the Profession: A Critique on Closure in the Australian Accounting Profession

    OpenAIRE

    Gregory Kenneth Laing; Ronald William Perrin

    2011-01-01

    This paper seeks to contribute to the literature on the process of closure that occurs within the constructs of professions. The discussion in this paper focuses on the professional accounting bodies in Australia and how they have devolved a form of bureaucratic control over the education process through the credentialing of membership and accreditation of accounting degrees. Weber's theory of bureaucracy in conjunction with Closure theory provide the framework upon which this critique is dra...

  16. International feminist solidarity. a possible response the postcolonial critique of global sisterhood?

    OpenAIRE

    Bernacchi, Erika

    2012-01-01

    In this article I explore how feminist postcolonial theoriescan help us to illuminate both the challenges and possibilities of instigating and maintaining a projectfounded on the notion of international feminist solidarity.Starting from their critique of the notion of globalsisterhood, I investigate how different authors, includingYuval Davis, Brah, Ahmed, and Mohanty, envisage the possibility of creating a common form of feministcommitment based on solidarity and dialogue as well as onthe ac...

  17. Internationalisation by business services: a methodological critique of foreign-market entry-mode choice

    OpenAIRE

    P N O'Farrell; Moffat, L.; Wood, P A

    1995-01-01

    In this paper the work of geographers, economists, and management scientists in studying interregional and international expansion by service companies is reviewed. A critique is presented of some of the fundamental methodological problems inherent in analysing foreign-market entry-mode choice. These are particularly apparent when studying the process of business service-sector internationalisation. Issues discussed include inconsistencies in the definition of which entry decision to analyse;...

  18. Neurosciences au service de la communication commerciale : manipulation et éthique - Une critique du neuromarketing

    OpenAIRE

    Courbet, Didier; Benoit, Denis

    2013-01-01

    title : Neurosciences in the service of marketing communication: manipulation and ethics- A critique of neuromarketing Abstract : By using knowledge in neurosciences, the neuromarketing claims to be capable of influencing the purchasing behavior of the persons without they are conscious of it, and thus, improve commercial communication strategies. We defend another hypothesis: the neuromarketing would be essentially a "marketing trick". Through a critical analysis of this instrumentalization ...

  19. Scientific Communities or Transepistemic Arenas of Research? : A Critique of Quasi-Economic Models of Science

    OpenAIRE

    Knorr-Cetina, Karin D.

    1982-01-01

    Most contemporary studies of science operate with some notion of scientific specialty communities as the basic units within which science is socially and technically organized. This paper presents a critique of scientific communities as sociological constructs which appear to be largely irrelevant to scientific work. Furthermore, the paper criticizes the prevailing quasi-economic models of such collectives for what appears to be a naive internalism and functionalism compared with the realitie...

  20. How Objective is Objectivity? A Critique of Current Trends in Educational Research

    OpenAIRE

    Van Heertum, Richard

    2005-01-01

    This paper explores the question of objectivity, focusing considerable attention on its explicit and implicit goals. It engages the critiques of positivism and objectivity from a variety of theoretical lenses including critical theory, poststructuralism, critical pedagogy, postcolonialism and feminism. It then explores recent trends in educational research that tend to fit within the positivist framework, including the recent National Research Council report Scientific Research in Education. ...

  1. The Impact of Globalization on Women: Testing Vandana Shiva’s Critique of Development

    OpenAIRE

    Christopher Kilby; Sally J. Scholz

    2011-01-01

    Vandana Shiva argues that through the masculinization of agriculture globalization has turned nature and women into passive fields for sowing. Shiva’s critique that international trade, and globalization more generally, has undermined the social and economic position of women in less developed countries provides a wealth of testable hypotheses. For example, Shiva’s argument implies that gender earnings inequality is higher in countries that are more integrated into the world economy, ceteris ...

  2. Legislative change in Ireland : a marxist political economy critique of planning law

    OpenAIRE

    Fox-Rogers, Linda; Murphy, Enda; Grist, Berna

    2011-01-01

    In the planning literature relatively little attention has been given to investigating the nature of legislative change in the planning domain. Utilising a political economy approach, this paper analyses recent planning legislative change in the Republic of Ireland. The paper argues that changes in planning legislation can be interpreted within a broader agenda of entrepreneurial planning within the Irish State. In critiquing recent change, the paper highlights three key issues: (1) th...

  3. From Resilience to Resourcefulness: A Critique of Resilience Policy and Activism

    OpenAIRE

    Danny MacKinnon; Kate Driscoll Derickson

    2012-01-01

    This paper provides a theoretical and political critique of how the concept of resilience has been applied to places. It is based upon three main points. First, the ecological concept of resilience is conservative when applied to social relations. Second, resilience is externally-defined by state agencies and expert knowledge. Third, a concern with the resilience of places is misplaced in terms of spatial scale, since the processes which shape resilience operate primary at the scale of capita...

  4. Development and its Discontents. From Postdevelopment to Post-Anarchist Critique

    OpenAIRE

    Stakowski, Jakob Johann, 1986-

    2014-01-01

    The concept of development is of importance in geography and many other fields. It has been critically deconstructed by many writers associated with ‘postdevelopment’. In this thesis I take a critical look at the postdevelopment approach and articulate a post-anarchist position to the concept of development. My analysis of postdevelopment theory centers on two major arguments that I identify. The first is the critique of the Western international institutional framework of development that is...

  5. A Reply to the Current Critiques Formulated Against Hoppe's Argumentation Ethics

    OpenAIRE

    Marian Eabrasu

    2009-01-01

    This article responds to current critiques directed against Hoppe’s justification by performative contradiction of the self-ownership axiom. Maintaining that ethics should be grounded on sound principles, Hoppe observes that only self-ownership can pass the test of performative contradiction. From this idea, he concludes that only libertarianism (the ethical system grounded on the axiom of self-ownership) can be justified. Any other ethic is self-defeating. An important debate in ethics was s...

  6. A Review and Critique of Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder Etiologies

    OpenAIRE

    Steven Charles Hertler

    2014-01-01

    The present review and critique of extant etiological theories centers on a single finding: Obsessive-compulsive personality is highly heritable (0.78) and not significantly influenced by “common, shared-in-families environmental factors” (Torgersen et al., 2000, p. 424). This finding, though twelve years old, has remained dissociated from existing etiological accounts. Psychoanalytic theories anachronistically maintain that obsessive personality is familially forged. Biological theories, few...

  7. Recovering a Forgotten Pioneer of Science Studies: C. E. Ayres’ Deweyan Critique of Science and Technology

    OpenAIRE

    Waddington, David I

    2014-01-01

    This paper brings to light the ideas of a pioneering but largely forgotten social critic, C. E. Ayres. In his first book, Science: The False Messiah (1927), which was written in consultation with John Dewey, Ayres advanced a forceful and original critique of science and technology. He argued that technological change was occurring at a pace that had overwhelmed existing social institutions, and further claimed that efforts to solve the problem by educating citizens about science and technolog...

  8. ON THE PRIMARY-SYNTHETIC UNITY OF APPERCEPTION IN THE CRITIQUE OF PURE REASON

    OpenAIRE

    IONUŢ ŞTEFAN

    2014-01-01

    Abstract: This research focuses on the primary-synthetic unity of apperception, as it appears in Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason, in a larger framework called transcendental idealism. Descartes’ philosophy may be considered the first step towards transcendental idealism: the first occurrence of the idea of an epistemic subject. The essence of the epistemic subject through the method of systematic doubt is that of being a thinking corpus: I exist because I think. In the System of Transcendental...

  9. From Scarcity to Surplus: A Contribution to the Critique of Neoclassical Foundations

    OpenAIRE

    Isler, Ozan

    2009-01-01

    This dissertation is composed of two halves: "economies of scarcity," and "economies of surplus." The first part, "economies of scarcity," performs a philosophical critique of modernism by discussing the inherent limits of the foundations of neoclassical economic discourse. Here, rather than formulating utility functions that can better take account of our inherent cognitive biases -- as, for example, behavioral economics does -- I focus on the formal foundations common to all such "utility f...

  10. From Viruses to Russian Roulette to Dance: A Rhetorical Critique and Creation of Genetic Metaphors

    OpenAIRE

    Gronnvoll, Marita; Landau, Jamie

    2010-01-01

    This essay critiques and creates metaphoric genetic rhetoric by examining metaphors for genes used by representatives of the lay American public. We assess these metaphors with a new rhetorical orientation that we developed by building onto work by Robert Ivie and social scientific qualitative studies of audiences. Specifically, our analysis reveals three themes of genetic metaphors, with the first two appearing most frequently: 1) genes as a disease or problem 2) genes as fire or bomb, and 3...

  11. Marx and the critique of capitalist society: critique of labor/Marx e a crítica ontológica da sociedade capitalista: crítica do trabalho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Duayer

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper seeks to emphasize what in my opinion can be consideredthe main thrust of Marxian work: the critique of political economy as an ontological critique of the modern capitalist society. Such critique begins to take its ultimate form with the Grundrisse. The argument runs as follows. Firstly, it tries to show briefly the debilitating effects, both in theory and practice, brought about in the last decades by the dissolution of the Marxian ontological critique. Secondly, it argues that real critique is ontological critique and, consequently, has to explain what such a critique consists of. Finally, agreeing with Postone’s suggested reinterpretation of Marx’s ideas, but diverging from him precisely with respect to ontology, it suggests that the ontological critique produced by Marx is a critique of labor or, in other words, critique of the centrality of labor, which is specific of the capitalist society.O artigo pretende destacar o que constitui para mim o propósitocentral da obra marxiana que, nos Grundrisse, começa a tomar forma acabada,a saber, a crítica da economia política como crítica ontológica da modernasociedade capitalista. O argumento está assim estruturado. Em primeiro lugar,inicio procurando mostrar de maneira sintética os efeitos paralisantes, teóricose práticos, da dissolução da crítica ontológica marxiana nas últimas décadas.Em segundo lugar, e justamente por isso, tento sustentar que crítica de fato écrítica ontológica e, em consequência, devo mostrar de que se trata essa crítica.Por último, concordando com a interpretação da obra de Marx proposta porMoishe Postone, mas diferindo dela precisamente no que diz respeito à onto-logia, procuro demonstrar que a crítica ontológica elaborada por Marx é críticado trabalho, ou, caso se queira, crítica da centralidade do trabalho, própria eespecífica da sociedade capitalista.

  12. Dialectic of the aesthetic in Adorno’s critique of Kierkegaard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novaković Marko

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this paper is to clarify the category of the aesthetic in context of Adorno’s critique of the philosophy of Søren Kierkegaard. Adorno’s principal thesis is that Kierkegaard’s famous doctrine of existence and his individualism contain an implicit ontology, despite the fact that he intends to overcome objective ontology of absolute idealism. However, this reversal is hidden from Kierkegaard, and can only be deciphered in the posthumous history of his work. Adorno’s method is critique of ideology synthetised with Benjamin’s rather esoteric theory of allegory. His intent is twofold: not only to expose the abstract character of Kierkegaard’s doctrine of “objectless” inwardness, but to decipher an implicit historical truth of his philosophy, the social relations of bourgeois society. In the course of his argument, Adorno shows that Kierkegaard’s philosophy comes closest to its truth not in the realm of religious experience and faith, as Kierkegaard himself believed, but in the sphere of melancholy and aesthetic semblance. The category of the aesthetic plays an important role in Adorno’s later philosophy of art, as well as his critique of knowledge in general.

  13. Novel Approaches to Individual Alcohol Interventions for Heavy Drinking College Students and Young Adults

    OpenAIRE

    DeMartini, Kelly S.; Fucito, Lisa M.; O'Malley, Stephanie S.

    2015-01-01

    Efficacious alcohol interventions for college students and young adults have been developed but produce small effects of limited duration. This paper provides a review and critique of novel (e.g., a significant deviation from a traditional, brief, and motivational intervention) interventions published between 2009 and 2014 to reduce alcohol use in this population and covers intervention format/components and efficacy on alcohol outcomes. We reviewed 12 randomized controlled trials of novel, i...

  14. Revue Problèmes économiques, n°2863 (24 novembre 2004 – Dossier : Economie de l’environnement –, la Documentation française, Paris.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Géraldine Froger

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Ce numéro spécial de Problèmes économiques offre un choix d’articles (parus dans d’autres revues sur l’économie de l’environnement. L’objet est de cerner différents enjeux théoriques et pratiques, associés au développement durable. Ce numéro comprend une sélection d’extraits d’articles français et anglo-saxons, de qualité différente et avec un degré de technicité plus ou moins accentué. Ces articles sont regroupés autour de trois thèmes : Les politiques environnementales au sens large (rôle ...

  15. Les modèles de chaînes logistiques intégrant le Coût de la qualité et les outils d'optimisation:Revue de littérature

    OpenAIRE

    douiri, lamiae; Jabri, A.; EL BARKANY, Abdellah

    2015-01-01

    Dans cet article, nous envisageons de faire une revue de littérature sur les modèles modernes intégrant le coût de la qualité (CoQ) distingués en quatre catégories, à savoir les modèles PAF ou modèles de Crosby, les modèles basés sur les coûts d'opportunité, les modèles basés sur les coûts de process et l'approche ABC. Dans une seconde partie, nous présenterons un comparatif des modèles de conception des chaînes logistiques (SCND )intégrant le CoQ en fonction de la catégorie du modèle, object...

  16. Le parcours à l'école primaire du décrocheur : revue de littérature sur la notion d'enfant à risque de décrochage

    OpenAIRE

    Feyfant, Annie

    2013-01-01

    Tous les pays confrontés à la déscolarisation des élèves cherchent à la prévenir et y remédier, au niveau du collège ou du lycée. Or, un élève potentiellement décrocheur est bien souvent un élève qui est en difficulté depuis plusieurs années. Cette contribution présentera une revue de littérature de recherche portant sur la prévention précoce du décrochage, depuis une quinzaine d'années. Dans un premier temps, elle montrera que plusieurs approches se croisent : celles qui vont privilégier les...

  17. « Émancipation, individuation, subjectivation. Psychanalyse, philosophie et science sociale (fin) », Revue du M.A.U.S.S., n° 38, second semestre 2011

    OpenAIRE

    Fugier, Pascal

    2012-01-01

    Dans ce second et dernier volet que la Revue du M.A.U.S.S consacre à la psychanalyse, dans ses confrontations avec la philosophie politique et les sciences sociales, c’est la problématique de l’émancipation qui sert de fil conducteur. La psychanalyse est alors considérée comme une « idéologie de l’émancipation » (p. 6), le libéralisme et le marxisme constituant selon Alain Caillé et Philippe Chanial (dans leur présentation du numéro) les deux autres principales idéologies de la modernité. Si ...

  18. Adult medulloblastoma.

    OpenAIRE

    Pobereskin, L; Treip, C

    1986-01-01

    Twelve cases of adult onset medulloblastoma are presented. Clinical features, treatment and outcome are discussed. It was found that the survival rates for adults are no better than for children. There were no clinical or histological features that distinguished these tumours from those occurring in childhood, except for a higher incidence of hemisphere lesions.

  19. Les origines de la critique de science-fiction : de Kepler à Wells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arthur B. Evans

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Des notes de 1634 de Johannes Kepler sur son Songe aux essais d’H. G. Wells au début du xxe siècle, il y a eu de nombreuses explorations critiques de la littérature que nous appelons à présent science-fiction. Les commentaires de ces premiers critiques (souvent oubliés importent principalement parce qu’ils exprimaient nombre des inquiétudes (sinon toutes qui deviendraient plus tard centrales à la critique de la SF du xxe siècle : l’impact de la science et de la technologie sur les valeurs humaines, la logistique du voyage spatial, les frontières fluctuantes entre le réel et l’imaginaire, la description de l’« altérité » radicale, et les futurs possibles de notre monde. Bien plus, elles soulevaient invariablement des questions essentielles concernant les traits définitoires du genre lui-même dans sa forme en constante évolution : ses thèmes de prédilection, ses visées sociales, son didactisme scientifique et moral, son degré de vraisemblance constitutif, et sa place dans le canon littéraire occidental. Enfin, à l’aube du nouveau millénaire, il semble pertinent de regarder notre passé lointain pour redécouvrir ce que ces premiers commentateurs avaient à dire des nombreux ouvrages de science-fiction de leur époque : ceci sert à approfondir notre connaissance de la continuité historique du débat actuel sur la SF et à nous faire prendre conscience de la façon dont les choses ont à la fois beaucoup et peu changé à travers les siècles.

  20. A critique of Fawcett's 'Conceptual models and nursing practice: the reciprocal relationship'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Draper, P

    1993-04-01

    This paper offers a critique of Fawcett's paper 'Conceptual models and nursing practice: the reciprocal relationship' published in 1992, in which it is argued that 'conceptual models inform and transform nursing practice by informing and transforming the way in which nursing is experienced and understood, and that nursing practice informs and transforms conceptual models by informing and transforming the content of the conceptual model'. The critique begins by locating Fawcett's view of the relationship of nursing models to nursing practice within the intellectual tradition of positivism. For the purposes of the critique, Fawcett's positivism is not taken as being problematic in itself; however, it is argued that the standards of evidence upon which some of her arguments are based are not compatible with the practice of positivist social science, with the result that the paper is internally inconsistent. In particular, Fawcett's suggestion that nursing models are validated as evidence accumulates in their favour is contrasted with Popper's view that the validity of theoretical statements is established as they withstand attempts to demonstrate their falsity; and Fawcett's belief that nursing models are models in the scientific sense, which can be inferred from her adoption of the terminology of Kuhnian epistemology, is not found to be justified. If, for the positivist, the validity of practice is directly proportional to the validity of the theory upon which it is based, then nursing models which lack 'scientific' validity cannot be regarded as a proper basis for nursing practice. Finally, Fawcett has been criticized for failing to produce evidence of any kind to demonstrate that nursing models have a beneficial effect upon nursing outcomes. PMID:8496503

  1. Femmes en guerres, numéro spécial de Sextant. Revue du groupe interdisciplinaire d’études sur les femmes et le genre, coordonné par Sophie Milquet et Madeleine Frédéric, Editions de

    OpenAIRE

    Jauneau, Elodie

    2013-01-01

    Dans ce numéro de la revue Sextant, Sophie Milquet et Madeleine Frédéric nous invitent à une relecture du fait guerrier sous le prisme du genre (p. 7). Parce que l’expérience féminine de la guerre est souvent dévalorisée, marginalisée ou simplement ignorée, elle ne constitue que trop rarement un sujet d’étude. En choisissant pour titre Femmes en guerres, la revue entend insister sur le caractère pluriel et la multiplicité des expériences féminines et des expériences de guerre. Pour autant, si...

  2. Pour une édition critique de l’oeuvre de Charles Bally

    OpenAIRE

    Etienne Karabétian

    2013-01-01

    Partant d’une comparaison essentielle entre Charles Bally et Léo Spitzer, les conceptions de la Stylistique moderne se dessinent pour une meilleure compréhension de la stylistique de Bally et démonstration de l’importance de réaliser, aujourd’hui, une édition critique de l’oeuvre majeure de Charles Bally. Malgré les difficultés, les raisons scientifiques et humaines de rééditer la production scientifique de cet authentique linguistique abondent, d’autant plus qu’elles rejoignent la volonté...

  3. On the 209Po half-life error and its confirmation. A critique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A recent report on 209Po claimed to have made a determination of the 125-a half-life from measurements made over 0.8 % of one half-life. A careful reanalysis of the original data with a more complete and rigorous consideration of the underlying uncertainties demonstrates that this claim cannot withstand critical scrutiny. More importantly, this critique examines the larger issue as to what constitutes a valid half-life determination, and highlights that a careful and realistic analysis beyond the mere fitting of decay data to an exponential function is required for the measurement and reporting of half-life values. (author)

  4. Crisis and ‘law of motion’ in economics: a critique of positivist Marxism

    OpenAIRE

    Freeman, Alan

    2010-01-01

    This is a prepublication version of the paper published in Review of Political Economy Volume 26, 2010 (http://www.emeraldinsight.com/books.htm?issn=0161-7230&volume=26). It should be cited as Freeman, A. (2010). ‘Crisis and “law of motion” in economics: a critique of positivist Marxism’, Review of Political Economy Volume 26, 2010, pp 211-250. This paper restores the concepts of freedom, consciousness, and choice to our understanding of ‘economic laws’, so we may discuss how to respond to...

  5. Georg Simmel, une interprétation critique de la notion kantienne du bonheur

    OpenAIRE

    Annette Disselkamp

    2014-01-01

    Dans un texte relativement peu connu, intitulé Kant, Georg Simmel développe des réflexions critiques à propos de la notion kantienne du bonheur. En comparant celles-ci avec son analyse de la société moderne, telle qu’il la propose dans la Philosophie de l’argent, on s’aperçoit qu’il existe, entre les concepts philosophiques qui y sont mis en œuvre, une relation de correspondance parfaite. La conclusion s’impose que, pour Simmel, la notion kantienne du bonheur trouve comme son incarnation hist...

  6. Mentoring Away the Glass Ceiling in Academia: A Cultured Critique edited by Brenda L. H. Marina

    OpenAIRE

    Campos, Magali

    2016-01-01

    Mentoring Away the Glass Ceiling in Academia: A Cultured Critiqued (2015) edited by Brenda L. H. Marina, is a comprehensive examination of women’s experiences in various stages in academia and the way in which mentoring can serve as a tool to break the glass ceiling that keep many women from reaching high positions in academia.Over a qualitative approach this book brings together narratives and counternarratives of women in academia to explore the ways mentorship can help the diversity gap fo...

  7. The relevance and impact of Ethical Consciousness on Environmental Management in Zambia: A philosophical critique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This dissertation is informed by the need for adequate ethical consciousness in view of the perceived need for public responsibility, cooperation and participation in ensuring sound environmental management. It investigates and critiques the extent to which an adequate range of ethical principles has been incorporated in Zambia's attempts to address environmental issues.The investigation focused on the role of government policy, education system and the mass media in promoting responsible environmental management and practices by raising environmental ethical consciousness. The study confirmed the preponderance of economic utilitarianism with regard to environmental issues. (author)

  8. Cécile Laborde ou le républicanisme critique

    OpenAIRE

    Jacquemain, Marc

    2013-01-01

    L'article présente le travail de Cécile Laborde relisant la querelle française du "hijab" à partir du républicanisme critique de Philippe Pettit. Le travail de Cécile Laborde, savant mais toujours lisible, représente sans doute l'examen philosophique le plus poussé des travers du républicanisme à la française, utilisant judicieusement pour ce faire, les outils de la "Political Theory" anglo-saxonne. Elle examine les trois questions cruciales de la liberté religieuse, de l'égalité entre hommes...

  9. Adult teachers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Lea Lund

    2011-01-01

    In this paper I examine the research into the process of adult teachers’ practice-based learning as a part of an on-going project titled “Competence development through practice-based learning – a study of adult teacher’s learning processes”. The project relies on the notion of the adult teacher as...... a 'reflective practitioner’, who develops 'the language of practice’, through experience and learns when she is exposed to 'disjuncture’. Research done on continuing professional development and the inquiries done in the field of teacher thinking and within this the research on novices becoming...

  10. Was epicurus a buddhist? An examination and critique of the theories of negative happiness in buddha and epicurus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam Barkman

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1677-2954.2008v7n2p286Comparisons betw western philosophies are uncommon and this, among other things, hinders global philosophical discourse. Thus, in this essay I want to compare the philosophies of the Buddha and Epicurus for similarities, particular in regard to what I call "negative happiness." Once I have establish this, I want to give a brief critique of negative happiness, which subsequently amounts to a selective critique of Buddhism and Epicureanism.

  11. Adult Strabismus

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... will likely improve the double vision and depth perception. Also, strabismus affects adults in emotional, social, and ... muscle surgery is usually not severe. Headache, pulling sensation with eye movement and foreign body sensation in ...

  12. Architectural Critique

    OpenAIRE

    Mee, Alan

    2014-01-01

    The Gardiner estate is tantilisingly close to the proposed development of a university campus at Grangegorman, which will be almost two thirds of its size, and one wonders how these lost lands might have developed in the past if the proposed Royal Circus, planned to be located just a few minutes walk away, had been realised. As it transpired, Dublin’s greatest leap forward in urban terms faded before this could happen, and the north side of the city fell into decline.

  13. Critique Matters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holck, Lotte; Muhr, Sara Louise

    Concerned with tackling central issues within organizational diversity such as power inequality, managerial control and domination, critical diversity research has a potential for real, substantive changes. Yet this potential is by and large untapped, as critical diversity researcher have a tradi...... as basis for larger organizational changes. In doing so, this paper contributes by the development of critical methods ‘that matter’ and inform critical diversity research on increasing practical relevance and impact....

  14. Jean Carbonnier et le droit du travail : un intérêt complice, critique et vigilant

    OpenAIRE

    Verdier, Jean-Maurice

    2014-01-01

    Ce qu’il est convenu d’appeler un « travailliste » ne devait-il pas pour le moins hésiter à prendre une part active au colloque consacré au doyen Jean Carbonnier ? N’est-ce pas surtout à partir du droit civil que celui-ci a affirmé sa particularité ? D’autant plus qu’au milieu du XXe siècle, le droit du travail avait encore à s’affirmer comme discipline à part entière. Mais dès 1941, dans ses chroniques régulières de jurisprudence à la Revue trimestrielle de droit civil concernant les contrat...

  15. Conflicts of Interest and Incentives to Bias: A Microeconomic Critique of Google’s Tangled Position on the Web

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B. Rieder; G. Sire

    2013-01-01

    Media scholars have studied and critiqued search engines - and in particular the dominant commercial actor, Google - for over a decade. Several conceptual and methodological problems, such as a lack of technological transparency, have made a detailed analysis of concrete power relations and their ef

  16. Response to the Critique of the Huffman (2014) Article, "Reading Rate Gains during a One-Semester Extensive Reading Course"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huffman, Jeffrey

    2016-01-01

    In his critique of the Huffman (2014) article, McLean (2016) undertakes an important reflective exercise that is too often missing in the field of second language acquisition and in the social sciences in general: questioning whether the claims made by researchers are warranted by their results. In this article, Jeffrey Huffman says that McLean…

  17. Nothing Matters?: A Critique of the Ramirez, et al. Longitudinal Study of Instructional Programs for Language-Minority Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossell, Christine H.

    1992-01-01

    Critiques the Ramirez et al. study of bilingual programs for its serious research flaws. Calls into question the findings of no consistent difference in the achievement of language-minority children regardless of how much Spanish or English is used in instruction. Proposes a reanalysis of the Ramirez data. (KS)

  18. Beyond Convention, beyond Critique: Toward a Third Way of Preparing Educational Leaders to Promote Equity and Social Justice (Part 1)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, Stephen P.

    2012-01-01

    The author begins this article with a brief review of the reasons educational leaders and schools need to promote equity and social justice. The article then critiques two approaches to educational leadership as inadequate for preparing educational leaders to foster equity and social justice. The conventional approach to both educational…

  19. Contributions to a Marxist Critical Pedagogy of Becoming: Centering the "Critique of the Gotha Programme": Part One

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malott, Curry; Ford, Derek R.

    2015-01-01

    Part one: This article is the first part of a project concerned with developing a Marxist critical pedagogy that moves beyond a critique of capital and toward a communist future. The article begins with a brief survey of and intervention in the contemporary historical and political moment as it pertains to the potentiality of a communist pedagogy,…

  20. John Dewey's Critique of Scientific Dogmatism in Education with Implications for Current Supervisory Practice within a Standards-Based Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glanz, Jeffrey

    2008-01-01

    Drawing on historical research, this paper draws attention to Dewey's oft-neglected, but no less brilliant work published in 1929, The Sources of a Science of Education. Dewey's critique of efforts in his day to seek "quick-fixes" to practical educational and curricular issues by employing premature scientific investigations and findings has…

  1. Conducting an article critique for a quantitative research study: perspectives for doctoral students and other novice readers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vance DE

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available David E Vance,1 Michele Talley,1 Andres Azuero,1 Patricia F Pearce,2 Becky J Christian1 1School of Nursing, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA; 2Loyola University School of Nursing, New Orleans, LA, USA Abstract: The ability to critically evaluate the merits of a quantitative design research article is a necessary skill for practitioners and researchers of all disciplines, including nursing, in order to judge the integrity and usefulness of the evidence and conclusions made in an article. In general, this skill is automatic for many practitioners and researchers who already possess a good working knowledge of research methodology, including: hypothesis development, sampling techniques, study design, testing procedures and instrumentation, data collection and data management, statistics, and interpretation of findings. For graduate students and junior faculty who have yet to master these skills, completing a formally written article critique can be a useful process to hone such skills. However, a fundamental knowledge of research methods is still needed in order to be successful. Because there are few published examples of critique examples, this article provides the practical points of conducting a formally written quantitative research article critique while providing a brief example to demonstrate the principles and form. Keywords: quantitative article critique, statistics, methodology, graduate students

  2. At the Garden Gate: Community Building through Food--Revisiting the Critique of "Food, Folk and Fun" in Multicultural Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Troy A.

    2011-01-01

    This essay takes up a re-evaluation of the ossified view of food events that have circulated in the canonical texts of multicultural education. While agreeing with the critique by progressive multiculturalists against a "touristic" approach to diversity, the author argues that such a conception of food-centered events in schools has obscured how…

  3. Can Religious Expression and Sexual Orientation Affirmation Coexist in Social Work? A Critique of Hodge's Theoretical, Theological, and Conceptual Frameworks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dessel, Adrienne; Bolen, Rebecca; Shepardson, Christine

    2011-01-01

    Social work strives to be inclusive of all cultural groups and religious identities. However, a tension exists in the profession between freedom of religious expression and full acceptance of lesbian, gay, and bisexual people. David Hodge and others claim social work is oppressive to evangelical Christians. This article critiques primarily Hodge's…

  4. Postsecularism, piety and fanaticism: reflections on Jürgen Habermas' and Saba Mahmood’s critiques of secularism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Y. Jansen

    2011-01-01

    This article analyses how recent critiques of secularism in political philosophy and cultural anthropology might productively be combined and contrasted with each other. I will show that Jürgen Habermas' postsecularism takes insufficient account of elementary criticisms of secularism on the part of

  5. Does Student Sorting Invalidate Value-Added Models of Teacher Effectiveness? An Extended Analysis of the Rothstein Critique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koedel, Cory; Betts, Julian R.

    2011-01-01

    Value-added modeling continues to gain traction as a tool for measuring teacher performance. However, recent research questions the validity of the value-added approach by showing that it does not mitigate student-teacher sorting bias (its presumed primary benefit). Our study explores this critique in more detail. Although we find that estimated…

  6. Will the Real Jean Piaget Please Stand Up: An Epistemological Critique of Three Piaget-Based Early Childhood Curricula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaufman, Barry A.

    This critique of three Piaget-based curricula presents the argument that it is essential for early childhood educators to distinguish between the actual contributions of Piaget in regard to specific epistemological questions and the way these contributions have been reinterpreted to provide a basis for early childhood curriculum reform. The…

  7. The Domestication of Critique: Problems of Justifying the Critical in the Context of Educationally Relevant Thought and Action

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heid, Helmut

    2004-01-01

    Critique means the questioning judgement of human actions, particularly with reference to a criterion of judgement that is inseparable from the judged state of affairs but is dependent on a decision of the person judging. Informative judgements of a state of affairs contain two relevant components, one concerned with recognition of the objects of…

  8. Simulation Frames: Young Adult Dystopian Cinema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alison Tedman

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the ways in which Young Adult dystopian film Divergent (2014 successfully repurposes dystopia for a young demographic, making dystopia an aesthetically appealing space for heroic adventure. The film recombines Young Adult literary tropes with film conventions including those of science fiction. Divergent and other Young Adult dystopian films modify the potential for social critique associated with canonic dystopian fiction. The article’s critical framework includes theories of dystopia and of Young Adult dystopian literature, the Freudian uncanny, studies of the post-apocalyptic film city and new media theory. In Divergent, the dystopian division of society into factions is made enjoyable through production design, particularly in ‘Dauntless’, the faction joined by heroine Tris. This extends to transmedia marketing. The book’s violence is reduced to increase audience engagement, while lack of contextual detail precludes a critical dystopia. In Divergent, the spaces and ideologies of the post-apocalyptic film city are reframed as youth culture. Chicago is gamified, connoting an adventure playground. The space of the Dauntless ‘Pit’ offers symbolic rebirth, community and romance, yet its appeal is uncanny, as with communal spaces in The Host (2013 and The Maze Runner (2014. Divergent’s mirror simulation foregrounds spectacle but other simulations construct immediacy, appearing dream-like not immersive. Like the visions in Young Adult dystopian adaptations How I Live Now (2013 and Ender’s Game (2013, simulations convey individual awareness and supernatural communication. The film combines pleasurable classification and a divergence motif with its heroine’s development, revising dystopian cinematic space. Divergent represents a new form of dystopian cinema.

  9. Association grossesse et pseudomyxome péritonéal secondaire à une tumeur mucineuse borderline de l’ovaire: à propos d’un cas et revue de la littérature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayi, Sofia; Fatemi, Hind; Bouguern, Hakima; Chaara, Hikmat; Melhouf, My Abdelilah

    2012-01-01

    Les tumeurs mucineuses de l’ovaire représentent 20% des tumeurs épithéliales. La forme borderline en est une entité particulière et est de survenue rare particulièrement au cours de la grossesse (1/10 000 à 1/50 000). Nous rapportons le cas d’une patiente de 35 ans G4P3, présentant une grossesse de 22SA associée à une tumeur ovarienne droite gélatineuse, rompue avec implants péritonéaux, dont l’examen extemporané de l’annexectomie a trouvé une tumeur mucineuse au minimum borderline. Une chirurgie radicale a été faite avec à l’étude histologique définitive: une tumeur ovarienne mucineuse borderline avec tératome mature et pseudomyxome péritonéal. A travers ce cas rare et à la lumière d’une revue de la littérature nous insistons sur les caractéristiques épidémiologiques diagnostiques, thérapeutiques et pronostiques de cette rare entité tout en précisant les particularités de son association avec la grossesse. PMID:23330030

  10. Make me wanna holler: Meshell Ndegeocello, Black queer aesthetics, and feminist critiques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Matt

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the music and performance of Meshell Ndegeocello, arguing that they are part of a cross-Atlantic conversation that pushes the boundaries of Black feminist thought on masculinity and desire. From the time of her debut album in 1993, Ndegeocello has resisted categorization both in her public personae and in her music. Ndegeocello's refusal to be restricted in her stage performance and in her musical expression has created a rich text through which to read Black female masculinity. Her work has been particularly productive in rethinking (Black) feminist couplings of patriarchy with male anatomy. Ndegeocello's music challenges any one representation of female masculinity, mixing critiques of masculine privilege and violence with celebrations of pleasure and pansexual desire. PMID:24972283

  11. Prosecuting Corruption and the Application of Plea Bargaining in Nigeria: A Critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adeleke, G. O.

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This study focused on the incidence and the prosecution of corruption in the Nigerian society with specific emphasis on plea bargaining which has been applied to prosecute some politicians (Politically Exposed Persons and other people in the upper echelons of the Nigerian society, and that is gradually becoming widespread in criminal prosecution in Nigeria. The origin and merits of plea bargaining, as its protagonists argued, were analysed. The central focus here is a critique of corruption prosecution through plea bargain based on moral and utilitist principles. The study precisely advocated for outright dropping of the plea bargain in corruption prosecution in Nigeria because of its tendency to deepen and extenuate, rather than making mild and abating corruption in Nigeria. Given the patron-client character of power relation in the Nigerian state, the stipulations of anti-graft laws should be strictly followed in order not to make corruption prosecution constitute another source or facilitator of corruption in Nigeria.

  12. CRITIQUING AUSTRALIA’S KNOWLEDGE STRATEGY: HOW CAN WE BETTER POSITION OURSELVES IN A GLOBAL COMMUNITY?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharyn Renshaw

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper will provide critical analysis of Australia’ knowledge strategy, conducted from the perspective that driving a national knowledge strategy is the predominant responsibility of government for reasons of impartiality. As such critique will be focused upon the actionsundertaken by the Australian government to position the nation as a Knowledge-based Economy (KBE competitively within the global community. It will be argued that to qualify for the title of “knowledge nation” the country needs to perform well across a composite range of factors. Examination of composite strategies will be conducted within a model of Knowledge Development, categorising the government’s knowledge sourcing, abstraction, conversion, diffusion and refinement strategies. The paper will conclude with recommendations for improving Australia’s position within the global knowledge economy and consequently within the global information community.

  13. A Review and Critique of Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder Etiologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steven Charles Hertler

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The present review and critique of extant etiological theories centers on a single finding: Obsessive-compulsive personality is highly heritable (0.78 and not significantly influenced by “common, shared-in-families environmental factors” (Torgersen et al., 2000, p. 424. This finding, though twelve years old, has remained dissociated from existing etiological accounts. Psychoanalytic theories anachronistically maintain that obsessive personality is familially forged. Biological theories, few, unelaborated and weakened by postulating proximate instead of ultimate explanations, fail to seriously reckon with Torgersen’s findings. Truly integrating heritability estimates into a functional etiological account of obsessive character, it is argued in the discussion section, will come from an evolutionary model that understands obsessive personality to be an evolved strategy rather than a dysfunctional disorder.

  14. Pour une édition critique de l’oeuvre de Charles Bally

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Etienne Karabétian

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Partant d’une comparaison essentielle entre Charles Bally et Léo Spitzer, les conceptions de la Stylistique moderne se dessinent pour une meilleure compréhension de la stylistique de Bally et démonstration de l’importance de réaliser, aujourd’hui, une édition critique de l’oeuvre majeure de Charles Bally. Malgré les difficultés, les raisons scientifiques et humaines de rééditer la production scientifique de cet authentique linguistique abondent, d’autant plus qu’elles rejoignent la volonté, exprimée de son vivant, par l’auteur lui-même.

  15. Critique of the „official critique” of neoliberal reforms in higher education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oskar Szwabowski

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article I criticise theoretical structure which is employed in critiquesof higher education reforms within the domain of pedagogy. I argue thatcritique of neoliberalism in education doesn’t recognise the dynamics of change and„necessity” of transformation. Both critique and defense of neoliberal reforms donot transcend capitalist „separation” and institutionalization typical of particularorders. In practical terms, it results in reactive resistance, either in the form of defenseof privileges of „leisure class or attempt to brink back the period of „class compromise”.In this way, it is not able to develop a radical practice, transcend „ideologicalstate apparatus” and produce a radical practice as well as education based on democracyand equality.

  16. Socializing the public: invoking Hannah Arendt's critique of modernity to evaluate reproductive technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sperling, Daniel

    2012-02-01

    The article examines the writings of one of the most influential political philosophers, Hannah Arendt, and specifically focuses on her views regarding the distinction between the private and the public and the transformation of the public to the social by modernity. Arendt's theory of human activity and critique of modernity are explored to critically evaluate the social contributions and implications of reproductive technologies especially where the use of such technologies is most dominant within Western societies. Focusing on empirical studies on new reproductive technologies in Israel, it is argued, powerfully demonstrates Arendt's theory, and broadens the perspectives through which society should evaluate these new technologies towards a more reflective understanding of its current laws and policies and their affect on women more generally. PMID:21225348

  17. A Response to Elvis' 2015 Critique of the AURA Report "From Cosmic Birth to Living Earths"

    CERN Document Server

    Seager, Sara; Postman, Marc; Tumlinson, Jason; Mather, John C

    2015-01-01

    To ensure progress in astronomy over the coming decades, the key questions are "what facilities will we build, and when?" Toward this end, the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) recently commissioned a study on future space-based options for UV and optical astronomy. The resulting study - "From Cosmic Births to Living Earths" - concluded that a space telescope equipped with a 12-meter class primary mirror would make fundamental advances across virtually all of astrophysics, including finding and characterizing the atmospheres of dozens of Earth-like planets. This ambitious telescope concept is referred to as the High Definition Space Telescope (HDST). In a recent arXiv white paper, Elvis (2015) critiqued a subset of the findings of the AURA study, focusing on the detection and characterization of rocky exoplanets in the habitable zone. In this response, we clarify these issues to confirm that HDST would play a transformative role in the study of terrestrial worlds. Its capabilities f...

  18. The ethics of germ-line gene therapy: challenges to mainstream approaches by a feminist critique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perlman, D

    1993-01-01

    Many mainstream bioethicists visualize the ethical debate surrounding germ-line gene therapy (GLGT) as a conflict of rights and duties between a woman and her fetus and as representative of the larger tension between the principles of autonomy and beneficence and its corollary duty to nonmaleficence. Many feminist ethicists attempt to circumnavigate the purported inadequacies of mainstream ethical approaches and take a much broader, context-oriented approach to reproductive freedom. The first section will describe many of the mainstream conflicts surrounding GLGT and offer a feminist critique of the inadequacies of mainstream approaches. Instead of merely achieving a stalemate in ethical dialogue from the mainstream viewpoint, the application of a feminist view of the fetus and reproductive freedom provides a more equitable and ethically inclusive adjudication of the central issue surrounding the ethics of GLGT, as the second section will show. PMID:8118148

  19. The Contested White Lady: A Critique of New Zealand Cultural Heritage Politics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lindsay Neill

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This article critiques New Zealand’s cultural heritage politics by positing that vernacular items, like an iconic eatery called the White Lady, does not meet the legislative criteria enabling cultural heritage status. If vernacular artefacts, including ‘kiwiana’, are to be integrated within cultural heritage, then changes within legislation, definitions and participant preconceptions are necessary. This study argues that cultural heritage is dominated by artefacts and historic places; that ‘kiwiana’ and other vernacular items of social history, practice and tradition are relegated. Items of ‘kiwiana’ act as touchstones of identity for New Zealanders. Therefore, their omission distorts the view of New Zealand’s cultural heritage. The application of cultural heritage status to the White Lady is important because of its transcendence of time and social change, its aesthetic, and also because of its present-day hospitality offering.

  20. In defence of pedagogy: a critique of the notion of andragogy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darbyshire, P

    1993-10-01

    Malcolm Knowles' theory of andragogy has gained increasing acceptance among nurse educators. Andragogy is espoused as a progressive educational theory, adopted as a theoretical underpinning for curricula and is even considered to be synonymous with a variety of teaching techniques and strategies such as 'problem-based' and 'self-directed' learning. This paper offers a critique of the notion of andragogy which maintains that the distinction created between andragogy and pedagogy is spurious and based upon assumptions which are untenable. It is argued that andragogy has been uncritically accepted within nursing education in much the same way that the nursing process and models of nursing were in their day. Finally, it is claimed that true pedagogy has far more radical, powerful and transformative possibilities for nursing education. PMID:8232140

  1. PLATO’S CRITIQUE OF THE CONCEPT LICENCE TO DO WHAT ONE PLEASES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Иван Јордовић

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Regardless of the fact that they conceived the notion of democracy, or perhaps precisely because of that, the ancient Greeks were the harshest critics of democracy. Plato was distinguished in this regard among the other ancient philosophers. He, as well as the other critics of democracy, particularly disliked the democratic ideas of freedom, which included the concept of licence to do what one pleases. This study analyzed the characteristics and importance of this concept on the basis of the example of his criticism in the dialogues Gorgias and the Republic. In this way, it was shown that the concept of licence to do what one pleases was important for Plato's critique of democracy, and that it was not unfounded and motivated exclusively on the basis of the political prejudice.

  2. Critique interne négative de sincérité et d’exactitude

    OpenAIRE

    Langlois, Charles-Victor; Seignobos, Charles

    2014-01-01

    I. L’analyse et la critique positive d’interprétation n’atteignent que le travail d’esprit intérieur de l’auteur du document et ne font connaître que ses idées. Elles n’apprennent directement rien sur les faits extérieurs. Même quand l’auteur a pu les observer, son texte indique seulement comment il a voulu les représenter, non comment il les a réellement vus, et encore moins ce qu’ils ont réellement été. Ce qu’un auteur exprime n’est pas forcément ce qu’il croyait, car il peut avoir menti ; ...

  3. Critique of Burnett-Frind dispersion tensor for axisymmetric porous media

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lichtner, Peter C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kelkar, Sharad [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Robinson, Bruce A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01

    This technical note provides a critique of the Burnett and Frind (1987) dispersion tensor for porous media with axial symmetry based on a previous publication by the authors (Lichtner et aI., 2002). In this work a new approach is used based on unit eigenvectors which simplifies the analysis. It is demonstrated that the Burnett-Frind dispersion tensor, although acceptable for small values of the vertical velocity, produces the incorrect behavior for both longitudinal and transverse dispersivity as the flow velocity varies from parallel to perpendicular to the axis of symmetry. A new form of the dispersion tensor is derived for axially symmetric porous media involving four dispersivity coefficients corresponding to longitudinal and transverse dispersion in horizontal and vertical directions, defined as perpendicular and parallel to the axis of symmetry, respectively. This new dispersion tensor corrects two fundamental problems with the dispersion tensor proposed by Burnett and Frind (1987) for axial symmetric media.

  4. Les savoirs des prisons : rationalité punitive et savoirs critiques

    OpenAIRE

    Chantraine, Gilles

    2011-01-01

    Qu’il s’agisse de déconstruire le mythe fondateur de la prison pour peine, d’identifier la rationalité dominante du système pénal moderne ou d’objectiver la violence structurelle des mécanismes sécuritaires des établissements pénitentiaires, les savoirs critiques, en matière de prison et de pénalité, sont animés par une même conviction : pour changer le regard sur la prison, la recherche se doit de rompre avec un ensemble d’« évidences » qui, portées, c’est selon, par des savoirs juridiques, ...

  5. Review and critique of California electricity generation methods assessment project. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knecht, R.L.

    1977-05-01

    The author offers a critique of the TRW Energy Systems Management Division's final report on its California electricity generation methods assessment project (EAPA 03:3812). Briefly, the TRW report provided information on current and forecasted economic costs of different methods of electricity generation needed to meet base-, intermediate-, and peak-load demand requirements in California. Additionally, the reliability, fuel requirements, other resource requirements, and environmental impacts of the different methods of generating electricity were assessed. The author reviews the subjects as they appear in the TRW report. In an appendix, Mr. Knecht presents a detailed computation of his comparison of the costs of coal-fired and nuclear electric generation. (MCW)

  6. Ethos and Critique: a Contribution to Ethics in Research and Education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Gerd

    2016-01-01

    excluded, and how some (powerful) subject positions were open for some students while not for others. It also showed how the students, through their language and practice, positioned them selves and their fellow students. This had a significant impact on the possibilities and educational success...... of the students: while some students were marginalized or even excluded from the groups (and maybe even from the university) others were subjectivated as successful students. These results demand the educational programs to take a greater responsibility for introducing the students to the (long-term) group work...... as well as to supervise the students in group dynamics and not just – as it is currently done – in the academic skills and content matters. Thus, it points at the ethical qualities of the critical work of Foucault: that critique is an appeal to be constantly aware of what we are doing, and that what we...

  7. Dutch disease et désindustrialisation en Algérie, une approche critique.

    OpenAIRE

    Bellal, Samir

    2013-01-01

    Dans cet article, on se propose de traiter de l'opportunité de recourir à la théorie du " syndrome hollandais " pour analyser le phénomène de la désindustrialisation qui caractérise la trajectoire économique de l'Algérie durant ces dernières années. Après un exposé succinct sur le contenu et le statut théorique des modèles du dutch disease, nous procèderons, sur la base d'une vérification empirique, à une analyse critique de la théorie, ce qui nous amènera à nous interroger sur les facteurs à...

  8. Can material matters and critique be dealt with at the same time? Discussion of analytical approaches

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Nina Blom

    2013-01-01

    . Several theoretical traditions offer perspectives that take objects into account even though they approach the understanding of how material relations shape social life differently. This presentation discusses how the research area on disaster, social crisis and conflict can benefit and be widen up from......) materiality is as well offered a central place in the analysis though dimension of structural character are involved in contrary to both the ANT- and the Post ANT tradition. The four approaches will be outlined in relation to different cases, and each tradition’s ability to deal with the question of critique......Material matters has to be dealt with in analysis of disasters, social crisis and conflicts since an important part of the unpredictability in these courses not only stems from human agency but as well from objects that are as well involved in complex webs of relations that shape the processes...

  9. WHY WORK? A CULTURALLY INFORMED CRITIQUE OF PAST AND PRESENT SHOP FLOOR INTERPRETATIONS OF WORK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MIHAELA KELEMEN

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides a cultural critique of the meanings of work as theytranscend different modes of production. Twenty years on from the collapse of state socialism,Western experts are still called upon to prescribe ‘the best way’ for how productive workshould be conducted/managed across the non-Western world (Jankowicz, 1993; 1994; Kostera,1995, Kelemen, 1999. This ‘one best way’ usually assumes that the basic unit of analysis is therational, utility-maximising individual; a species, bred inside Westernized secondary andtertiary educational institutions, business schools, or (vocational training courses, all of theseproducing their special form of ‘learning to labour’ (Willis, 1977. Thus equipped, this species– what we might call, for the time being, the ‘model-worker’ - is bound to inhabit a ratherinhabitable place, an arena of in increasingly global capitalism: the market.

  10. La norme IFRS2 : un éclairage critique par la théorie comptable

    OpenAIRE

    Amblard, Marc

    2007-01-01

    La nouvelle norme IFRS 2 relative au paiement sous forme d'actions oblige désormais les groupes à comptabiliser le coût lié à l'exercice futur des options. Une relecture critique de la règle nous entraîne alors à redécouvrir les fondements théoriques et conventionnels du modèle comptable. Celui-ci se révèle moins comme un système d'information destiné à mesurer la performance financière de l'entreprise en tant qu'entité qu'un outil au service de ses propriétaires. L'IFRS 2 en est une illustra...

  11. From Viruses to Russian Roulette to Dance: A Rhetorical Critique and Creation of Genetic Metaphors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gronnvoll, Marita; Landau, Jamie

    2010-01-01

    This essay critiques and creates metaphoric genetic rhetoric by examining metaphors for genes used by representatives of the lay American public. We assess these metaphors with a new rhetorical orientation that we developed by building onto work by Robert Ivie and social scientific qualitative studies of audiences. Specifically, our analysis reveals three themes of genetic metaphors, with the first two appearing most frequently: 1) genes as a disease or problem 2) genes as fire or bomb, and 3) genes as gambling. We not only discuss the problems and untapped potential of these metaphors, but also we suggest metaphorically understanding genes interacting with the environment as a dance or a band. This essay has implications for rhetorical criticism, science studies, and public health. PMID:20625448

  12. La critique du réalisme leibnizien dans le De Motu de Berkeley.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luc Peterschmitt

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available L’objet de Berkeley dans le De Motu est de marquer l’autonomie de la mécanique (ou dynamique et de la métaphysique, en montrant que le concept de force tel qu’on l’utilise en mécanique ne peut servir à déterminer ce qu’il en est de la nature des choses. Pour établir cette distinction entre ces deux domaines du savoir, Berkeley à la fois s’appuie sur et critique la notion leibnizienne de force : Leibniz assure la réalité de la force dérivative (concept mécanique en la fondant sur la forme substantielle des corps, ou force primitive (concept métaphysique, qui permet d’attribuer aux corps une efficace causale. En récusant la forme substantielle comme inconcevable, Berkeley ruine alors le réalisme leibnizien, en vertu du lien posé par Leibniz lui-même entre sa métaphysique et sa dynamique. Mais du coup, cela permet à Berkeley d’instaurer un nouveau rôle à la métaphysique face à la mécanique : non plus un rôle fondateur comme celui que lui assigne Leibniz, mais un rôle critique, celui d’une instance qui dit les conditions sous lesquelles l’usage des concept est valide en science.

  13. The relationship between external beam radiotherapy dose and chronic urinary dysfunction - A methodological critique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Purpose: To perform a methodological critique of the literature evaluating the relationship between external beam radiotherapy dose/volume parameters and chronic urinary dysfunction to determine why consistent associations between dose and dysfunction have not been found. Methods and materials: The radiotherapy literature was reviewed using various electronic medical search engines with appropriate keywords and MeSH headings. Inclusion criteria comprised of; English language articles, published between 1999 and June 2009, incorporating megavoltage external beam photons in standard-sized daily fraction. A methodological critique was then performed, evaluating the factors affected in the quantification of radiotherapy dose and chronic urinary dysfunction. Results: Nine of 22 eligible studies successfully identified a clinically and statistically significant relationship between dose and dysfunction. Accurate estimations of external beam radiotherapy dose were compromised by the frequent use of dosimetric variables which are poor surrogates for the dose received by the lower urinary tract tissue and do not incorporate the effect of daily variations in isocentre and bladder position. The precise categorization of chronic urinary dysfunction was obscured by reliance on subjective and aggregated toxicity metrics which vary over time. Conclusions: A high-level evidence-base for the relationship between external beam radiotherapy dose and chronic urinary dysfunction does not currently exist. The quantification of the actual external beam dose delivered to the functionally important tissues using dose accumulation strategies and the use of objective measures of individual manifestations of urinary dysfunction will assist in the identification of robust relationships between dose and urinary dysfunction for application in widespread clinical practice.

  14. What’s so Critical about Critical Neuroscience? -Rethinking Experiment, Enacting Critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Des eFitzgerald

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In the midst of on-going hype about the power and potency of the new brain sciences, scholars within ‘Critical Neuroscience’ have called for a more nuanced and sceptical neuroscientific knowledge-practice. Drawing especially on the Frankfurt School, they urge neuroscientists towards a more critical approach – one that re-inscribes the objects and practices of neuroscientific knowledge within webs of social, cultural, historical and political-economic contingency. This paper is an attempt to open up the black-box of ‘critique’ within Critical Neuroscience itself. Specifically, we argue that limiting enactments of critique to the invocation of context misses the force of what a highly-stylized and tightly-bound neuroscientific experiment can actually do. We show that, within the neuroscientific experiment itself, the world-excluding and context-denying ‘rules of the game’ may also enact critique, in novel and surprising forms, while remaining formally independent of the workings of society, and culture, and history. To demonstrate this possibility, we analyze the Optimally Interacting Minds paradigm, a neuroscientific experiment that used classical psychophysical methods to show that, in some situations, people worked better as a collective, and not as individuals – a claim that works precisely against reactionary tendencies that prioritise individual over collective agency, but that was generated and legitimized entirely within the formal, context-denying conventions of neuroscientific experimentation. At the heart of this paper is a claim that it was precisely the rigours and rules of the experimental game that allowed these scientists to enact some surprisingly critical, and even radical, gestures. We conclude by suggesting that, in the midst of large-scale neuroscientific initiatives, it may be 'experiment,' and not 'context,' that forms the meeting-ground between neuro-biological and socio-political research practices.

  15. Critique of the regulatory limitations of exhaust CO2 emissions from passenger cars in European union

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Transport is the second emitter of CO2 in the European Union, after the energy production sector, with constantly increased trend. European Union proposed the regulation 443/2009 to control the CO2 emissions from new passenger cars. According to that regulation, the average, for each car manufacturer, CO2 emissions of the new passenger cars registered in 2020 in European Union should not exceed the value of 95 g CO2/km on the New European Driving Cycle. In the present work the regulation 443/2009 is analyzed and a critique is addressed to four points. The first point concerns the average upper limit of CO2 emissions of each car manufacturer. The second point concerns the possible derogation for the low volume manufacturers and the third to the penalties for the extra CO2 emissions. The fourth point concerns the value of the proposed average upper limit of CO2 emissions and the possibility to be changed in the future. A change to the above points is proposed. The maximum decrease of CO2 emissions and the principle of equality of citizens are the two principles of our propositions for the CO2 regulations. - Highlights: ► A critique is made on four points of the regulation 443/2009. ► A new proposition is made based on the principle of equity of all EU citizens and the maximum decrease of CO2 emissions. ► Our proposition is based on the principle of the same CO2 emissions of all new passenger cars. ► The regulation must not have any derogations or penalties.

  16. Le pneumothorax spontané comme une manifestation évolutive de la polyarthrite rhumatoide: à propos d'une observation clinique et revue de la litterature

    OpenAIRE

    Gaye, Magaye; Ndiaye, Assane; Fall, Mouhamed Lamine; Diatta, Souleymane; Dieng, Papa Adama; Ba, Papa Salmane; Ciss, Amadou Gabriel; Ndiaye, Mouhamadou

    2015-01-01

    La polyarthrite rhumatoïde est une maladie systémique inflammatoire caractérisée par une destruction des synoviales articulaires et des lésions systémiques extra articulaires. Les nodules pulmonaires font partie de ces dernières. Leur évolution peut aboutir à un pneumothorax spontané. Nous rapportons le cas d'un adulte jeune au long passé de polyarthrite rhumatoïde qui a présenté deux épisodes de pneumothorax spontané. Il était admis dans notre service, en urgence, pour un pneumothorax droit ...

  17. CPR: Adult

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available Refresher Center Home FIRST AID, CPR and AED LIFEGUARDING Refresher Putting It All Together: CPR—Adult (2:03) Refresher videos only utilize this player QUICK LINKS Home RedCross.org Purchase Course Materials Shop Our Store ...

  18. Soutenir le développement de la pensée critique chez la nouvelle infirmière

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Choquette

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available La pensée critique est essentielle à la pratique infirmière. Son développement est important dans le contexte actuel, étant donné la complexité des besoins des clients et des soins qui en découlent. Il apparaît tout particulièrement indispensable de soutenir le développement de la pensée critique de l’infirmière nouvellement diplômée. En effet, celle-ci est confrontée quotidiennement à une profusion d’informations qu’elle doit relier à des connaissances antérieures afin de comprendre les problèmes de santé de ses clients. Afin de clarifier le concept de pensée critique en soins infirmiers et de faire l’inventaire des stratégies de formation continue qui visent son développement, nous avons effectué une réflexion approfondie à l’aide d’une recension des écrits. L’analyse approfondie de 36 publications sur le sujet a permis d’identifier six stratégies de formation continue permettant de soutenir le développement de la pensée critique, soit le questionnement, le journal de bord, la cartographie, l’étude de cas, le groupe de réflexion et le club de lecture. Ces six stratégies ont été regroupées en trois niveaux en fonction du moment de leur utilisation et de la complexité de leur mise en œuvre. Le tableau 1 présente chacune des six stratégies, leurs impacts sur les différentes dimensions de la pensée critique et donne des indications concrètes sur la façon de les utiliser. Ces stratégies de formation continue orientent l’infirmière vers un processus d’apprentissage actif qui stimule le développement de la pensée critique et permet un rapport au savoir plus durable.

  19. [Adult twins].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charlemaine, Christiane

    2006-12-31

    This paper explores the deep roots of closeness that twins share in their youngest age and their effect on their destiny at the adult age. Psychologists believe the bond between twins begins in utero and develops throughout the twins' lives. The four patterns of twinship described show that the twin bond is determined by the quality of parenting that twins receive in their infancy and early childhood. Common problems of adult twins bring about difficulties to adapt in a non-twin world. The nature versus nurture controversy has taken on new life focusing on inter-twin differences and the importance of parent-child interaction as fundamental to the growth and development of personality. PMID:17352324

  20. Major Depression Among Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Children Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Eating Disorders Among Adults - Anorexia Nervosa Eating Disorders Among Adults - Binge Eating Disorder Eating ... Children Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Eating Disorders Among Adults - Anorexia Nervosa Eating Disorders Among Adults - Binge Eating Disorder Eating ...

  1. Panic Disorder among Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Children Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Eating Disorders Among Adults - Anorexia Nervosa Eating Disorders Among Adults - Binge Eating Disorder Eating ... Children Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Eating Disorders Among Adults - Anorexia Nervosa Eating Disorders Among Adults - Binge Eating Disorder Eating ...

  2. Bipolar Disorder Among Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Children Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Eating Disorders Among Adults - Anorexia Nervosa Eating Disorders Among Adults - Binge Eating Disorder Eating ... Children Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Eating Disorders Among Adults - Anorexia Nervosa Eating Disorders Among Adults - Binge Eating Disorder Eating ...

  3. Obstructive sleep apnea - adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sleep apnea - obstructive - adults; Apnea - obstructive sleep apnea syndrome - adults; Sleep-disordered breathing - adults; OSA - adults ... When you sleep, all of the muscles in your body become more relaxed. This includes the muscles that help keep your ...

  4. Subversive autotraduction : Mise en évidence du décalage entre le discours critique et les pratiques scripturales des auteurs bilingues contemporains

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marianne Bessy

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose in this paper is to describe the complexities of self translation in literary work by Greek-French writer Vassilis Alexakis as a bilingual novelist and its implications in critique and literary categories.

  5. Adult Immunization

    OpenAIRE

    Omer Coskun

    2008-01-01

    Despite the many advances in modern medicine, each year thousands of people in the world die from diseases that are easily prevented by safe and effective vaccines. Few measures in preventive medicine are of such proven value and as easy to implement as routine immunization against infectious diseases. Prevention of infection by immunization is a lifelong process. There are a number of vaccines that all adults (¡I18 years) require. There are also other vaccines that need to be tailored t...

  6. Adult Leukemias

    OpenAIRE

    Moore, Lyall K.

    1984-01-01

    Over the past several years, advances have been made in the classification, diagnosis and therapy of the adult leukemias. The overall prognosis and quality of life have improved greatly, especially for patients with acute nonlymphoblastic leukemias. Some of the advances are described in this article. The importance of the clinical, laboratory and diagnostic tests for acute, chronic granulocytic and chronic lymphocytic leukemia are stressed. The therapy and prognosis for patients with the vari...

  7. Interventions to reduce alcohol use among HIV-infected individuals: a review and critique of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Jennifer L; DeMartini, Kelly S; Sales, Jessica M; Swartzendruber, Andrea L; DiClemente, Ralph J

    2013-12-01

    Alcohol use disorders are common among HIV-infected individuals and are associated with adverse physiological complications and increased engagement in other health risk behaviors. This paper provides a review and critique of interventions to reduce alcohol use among HIV-infected individuals, including a: (a) synthesis of core intervention components and trial designs; (b) summary of intervention efficacy to reduce alcohol use outcomes; and (c) methodological critique and guidance for future research. We reviewed 14 behavioral interventions that reported on alcohol use outcomes among HIV-infected individuals. Findings were mixed for intervention efficacy to reduce alcohol frequency and quantity. There was limited evidence that interventions reduced binge drinking frequency or alcohol abuse or dependence symptoms. Despite the prevalence of disordered alcohol use among HIV-infected individuals, there is lack of efficacious intervention approaches. Efficacious intervention approaches to reduce alcohol use among HIV-infected individuals are urgently needed. PMID:23990322

  8. Occupy Wall Street as Immanent Critique: Why IR Theory Needs a ‘Mic Check!’

    OpenAIRE

    Nicholas J. Kiersey

    2012-01-01

    The recent movements that have emerged across the world to ‘occupy’ various public spaces present an immanent critique of the contemporary arrangements of global politics – one that theorists of International Relations (IR) and International Political Economy(IPE) should reflect on with some urgency. Emerging from a complex intertext including, but by no means limited to, anarchist and neo-Marxist frameworks, the movement has called for a recognition and appraisal of the ‘communism of everyda...

  9. HIV Sexual Risk-Reduction Interventions for Youth: A Review and Methodological Critique of Randomized Controlled Trials

    OpenAIRE

    Pedlow, C. Teal; Carey, Michael P.

    2003-01-01

    We review and provide a methodological critique of randomized controlled studies of HIV risk reduction interventions that measured sexual risk behavior outcomes with adolescents. Studies conducted in school, community, and health care settings were reviewed. Overall, 13 of 23 interventions (57%) were effective in reducing sexual risk behavior. Methodological strengths of extant studies included an emphasis on a theoretical framework, evaluation of both group- and individualized intervention f...

  10. SELF-HELP GROUPS IN POST-SOVIET MOSCOW: NEOLIBERAL DISCOURSES OF THE SELF AND THEIR SOCIAL CRITIQUE

    OpenAIRE

    Honey, Larisa

    2014-01-01

    This paper is based on research conducted with the generous support of an International Research and Exchanges Board (IREX-IARO) Dissertation Research Grant and a Professional Staff Congress-City University of New York (PSC-CUNY) Adjunct Professional Development Grant. I would like to thank Gerald Creed for his thoughtful comments. I am also grateful to the three anonymous reviewers and the editors of Laboratorium for their insightful critiques and helpful suggestions. This article explores a...

  11. On Being Holier-Than-Thou: A Critique of Curry Malott's "Pseudo-Marxism and the Reformist Retreat from Revolution"

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGrew, Ken

    2011-01-01

    In the May 2011 edition of this journal, Curry Malott contributed an essay review of Jean Anyon's "Marx and Education" (2011). The author would summarize Mallot's critiques of her book as follows: (1) she didn't write the book that he wanted her to write; (2) she didn't cite the authors that he wanted her to cite; and (3) her work is anti-Marxist…

  12. Inclusive Education for Children with Special Education Needs:A Critique of Policy and Practice in New Zealand

    OpenAIRE

    Garry Hornby

    2012-01-01

    This article considers the issue of inclusive education for children with disabilities and special educational needs, in particular with regard to policies and practices in developed countries, such as New Zealand. The article reviews the debate about inclusive education and outlines several confusions about inclusion that have emerged from this debate. It then provides a critique of policies and practices regarding inclusive education in New Zealand, in comparison to those in other developed...

  13. Postsecularism, piety and fanaticism: reflections on Jürgen Habermas' and Saba Mahmood’s critiques of secularism

    OpenAIRE

    Jansen, Y.

    2011-01-01

    This article analyses how recent critiques of secularism in political philosophy and cultural anthropology might productively be combined and contrasted with each other. I will show that Jürgen Habermas' postsecularism takes insufficient account of elementary criticisms of secularism on the part of anthropologists such as Talal Asad and Saba Mahmood. However, I shall also criticize Saba Mahmood’s reading of secularism by arguing that, in the end, she replaces the secular-religious divide with...

  14. A critical assessment of environmental policy studies - Towards a discursive analysis and critique of the ideology of policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Gabriel Foa Torres

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper seeks, from a critical evaluation of a range of environmental public policy studies, to question their most important theoretical assumptions, in order to propose and put the focus of discourse analysis and ideology critique of policies. Faced with perspectives that emphasize the management function of the state, intends to focus on discursive and ideological conditions that make possible the stabilization and political transformation of those social practices related to the formulation and implementation of environmental policies.

  15. A working class critique to the bourgeois policies of dismantling the full tenure and perpetuating renewable contracts affecting library workers

    OpenAIRE

    Muela-Meza, Zapopan Martín

    2014-01-01

    This paper, “A working class critique to the bourgeois policies of dismantling the full tenure and perpetuating renewable contracts affecting library workers” analyses this research problem: What are some of the most adverse effects of the burgeois policies of their labor flexibility and precariousness by dismantling the lack of labor tenure and promotion, and by perpetuating the renewal of contracts affecting social and labor stability and thus their humane living conditions, health, and hap...

  16. Adult hepatoblastoma

    OpenAIRE

    Javier A. Cienfuegos; Tania Labiano; Nicolás Pedano; Gabriel N. Zozaya; Pablo Martí-Cruchaga; Ángel Panizo; Fernando Rotellar

    2013-01-01

    Adult hepatoblastoma (AHB) is a very rare tumor, having been described 45 cases up to June 2012. In contrast to HB in infancy (IHB), it has poor prognosis. We present the case of a 37-year-old asymptomatic woman who consulted for a large -12 cm diameter- mass involving segments 5 and 6 of the liver, and alfa-fetoprotein of 1,556,30 UI/mL. A bisegmentectomy was carried out. The microscopic study confirmed the AHB diagnosis, revealing the presence of epithelial cells forming clusters, trabecula...

  17. Recherche d’adultération dans les huiles végétales : application à la qualité des huiles vierges et notamment de l’huile d’olive

    OpenAIRE

    Ollivier Denis

    2003-01-01

    La recherche d’adultération des huiles végétales alimentaires, notamment par des huiles raffinées dans les huiles vierges, et plus spécialement dans le cas des huiles d’olive vierge, constitue un véritable défit analytique. L’évolution de l’aspect réglementaire est décrite. Les différentes méthodes de dosage sont passées en revue : compositions en acides gras, en stérols, en triglycérides, analyse spectrophométrique, teneurs en stigmastadiènes. Un bilan analytique est dressé....

  18. L'hypovitaminose D dans les populations adultes jeunes qui consultent le médecin généraliste : Lien avec les douleurs musculo-squelettiques diffuses et chroniques

    OpenAIRE

    Le Goaziou, Marie-France

    2012-01-01

    Ces pages font un état des lieux des travaux réalisés au sein du département de médecine générale de 2004 à 2011 sur l'hypovitaminose D, sa fréquence, ses facteurs de risques, son lien avec les douleurs musculo-squelettiques diffuses et chroniques chez les adultes jeunes. De ces travaux et de la revue de la litéérature, il ressort quelques notions importantes et méconnues. Les personnes qui cnsultent un médecin généraliste ont des taux sérique de vitamine D beaucoup plus bas que les taux trou...

  19. Le pneumothorax spontané comme une manifestation évolutive de la polyarthrite rhumatoide: à propos d'une observation clinique et revue de la litterature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaye, Magaye; Ndiaye, Assane; Fall, Mouhamed Lamine; Diatta, Souleymane; Dieng, Papa Adama; Ba, Papa Salmane; Ciss, Amadou Gabriel; Ndiaye, Mouhamadou

    2015-01-01

    La polyarthrite rhumatoïde est une maladie systémique inflammatoire caractérisée par une destruction des synoviales articulaires et des lésions systémiques extra articulaires. Les nodules pulmonaires font partie de ces dernières. Leur évolution peut aboutir à un pneumothorax spontané. Nous rapportons le cas d'un adulte jeune au long passé de polyarthrite rhumatoïde qui a présenté deux épisodes de pneumothorax spontané. Il était admis dans notre service, en urgence, pour un pneumothorax droit spontané et massif sur terrain de polyarthrite rhumatoïde au stade de déformation. Il était sous méthotrexate. La radiographie standard du thorax et la tomodensitométrie montraient un décollement pleural complet droit, des nodules et des images excavées sur les deux champs pulmonaires. Il a bénéficié d'un drainage thoracique aspiratif permettant une bonne ré-expansion pulmonaire. Le pneumothorax spontané constitue une manifestation rare des lésions pulmonaire de la polyarthrite rhumatoïde. Il s'agit le plus souvent d'une manifestation évolutive de la maladie mais aussi une circonstance de découverte de cette dernière. L'implication des immunosuppresseurs reste à être prouvée. Ainsi la polyarthrite rhumatoïde doit être considérée dans la recherche étiologique d'un pneumothorax spontané. PMID:26977228

  20. Ostéome ostéoïde intra-articulaire de la hanche: deux observations et revue de la littérature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ellouz Zoubir

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available L’ostéome ostéoïde est une tumeur osseuse bénigne qui affecte les adultes jeunes et se localise préférentiellement au niveau des os longs. La localisation intra-articulaire est rare et atteint le plus souvent la hanche. La symptomatologie clinique est alors atypique et peut faire errer le diagnostic constituant un défi diagnostique pour les cliniciens. Nous rapportons deux observations d’ostéome ostéoïde intra-articulaires de la hanche chez deux hommes âgés 24 et 45 ans, révélés par des douleurs de la hanche gauche de type inflammatoire évoluant depuis un an et un an et demi respectivement. Chez les deux patients, le tableau atypique de l’ostéome ostéoïde a été à l’origine d’un retard diagnostic. La tomodensitométrie est dans cette indication l’examen le plus spécifique qui a permis d’évoquer le diagnostic d’ostéome ostéoïde. Une fois le diagnostic est posé, l’exérèse chirurgicale à ciel ouvert a permis la guérison avec disparition totale des douleurs. L’examen histologique a confirmé le diagnostic final d’ostéome ostéoïde intra-articulaire dans les deux cas.

  1. Ethics of Risk. Kristin Shrader-Frechette's Philosophical Critique of Risk Assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heikkeroe, Topi [Univ. of Helsinki (Finland). Centre for Social Ethics

    2006-09-15

    This paper addresses risk assessment from a philosophical point of view. It presents and critically reviews the work of Kristin Shrader-Frechette. It introduces the ethical, epistemological, and methodological issues related to risk assessment. The paper focuses on the ethical questions of justice in risk decisions. It opens by framing the relationship between ethics and technology in the modern world. Then the paper turns to a brief description of risk assessment as a central method in technological decision making. It proceeds to show how Shrader-Frechette analyzes ethical and political aspects of risk assessment. The central argumentation In her critique follows RawIsian lines: distributive and participatory inequalities in creating technological constructions need to be justified. To clarify this requirement she formulates the Principle of Prima Facie Political Equity (PPFPE), which is her central tool in most of her ethical criticism, for instance, in relation to the future generations: prima facie. all generations should be treated equally. Brief critical remarks conclude the paper. They touch upon placing Shrader-Frechette's project on the academic chart and her liberal individualist anthropology.

  2. Ethics of Risk. Kristin Shrader-Frechette's Philosophical Critique of Risk Assessment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper addresses risk assessment from a philosophical point of view. It presents and critically reviews the work of Kristin Shrader-Frechette. It introduces the ethical, epistemological, and methodological issues related to risk assessment. The paper focuses on the ethical questions of justice in risk decisions. It opens by framing the relationship between ethics and technology in the modern world. Then the paper turns to a brief description of risk assessment as a central method in technological decision making. It proceeds to show how Shrader-Frechette analyzes ethical and political aspects of risk assessment. The central argumentation In her critique follows RawIsian lines: distributive and participatory inequalities in creating technological constructions need to be justified. To clarify this requirement she formulates the Principle of Prima Facie Political Equity (PPFPE), which is her central tool in most of her ethical criticism, for instance, in relation to the future generations: prima facie. all generations should be treated equally. Brief critical remarks conclude the paper. They touch upon placing Shrader-Frechette's project on the academic chart and her liberal individualist anthropology

  3. The ethics of interrogation and the American Psychological Association: A critique of policy and process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davis Martha

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The Psychological Ethics and National Security (PENS task force was assembled by the American Psychological Association (APA to guide policy on the role of psychologists in interrogations at foreign detention centers for the purpose of U.S. national security. The task force met briefly in 2005, and its report was quickly accepted by the APA Board of Directors and deemed consistent with the APA Ethics Code by the APA Ethics Committee. This rapid acceptance was unusual for a number of reasons but primarily because of the APA's long-standing tradition of taking great care in developing ethical policies that protected anyone who might be impacted by the work of psychologists. Many psychological and non-governmental organizations (NGOs, as well as reputable journalists, believed the risk of harm associated with psychologist participation in interrogations at these detention centers was not adequately addressed by the report. The present critique analyzes the assumptions of the PENS report and its interpretations of the APA Ethics Code. We demonstrate that it presents only one (and not particularly representative side of a complex set of ethical issues. We conclude with a discussion of more appropriate psychological contributions to national security and world peace that better respect and preserve human rights.

  4. A Self-Critique of Self-Organized Criticality in Astrophysics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aschwanden, Markus J.

    2015-08-01

    The concept of ``self-organized criticality'' (SOC) was originally proposed as an explanation of 1/f-noise by Bak, Tang, and Wiesenfeld (1987), but turned out to have a far broader significance for scale-free nonlinear energy dissipation processes occurring in the entire universe. Over the last 30 years, an inspiring cross-fertilization from complexity theory to solar and astrophysics took place, where the SOC concept was initially applied to solar flares, stellar flares, and magnetospheric substorms, and later extended to the radiation belt, the heliosphere, lunar craters, the asteroid belt, the Saturn ring, pulsar glitches, soft X-ray repeaters, blazars, black-hole objects, cosmic rays, and boson clouds. The application of SOC concepts has been performed by numerical cellular automaton simulations, by analytical calculations of statistical (powerlaw-like) distributions based on physical scaling laws, and by observational tests of theoretically predicted size distributions and waiting time distributions. Attempts have been undertaken to import physical models into numerical SOC toy models. The novel applications stimulated also vigorous debates about the discrimination between SOC-related and non-SOC processes, such as phase transitions, turbulence, random-walk diffusion, percolation, branching processes, network theory, chaos theory, fractality, multi-scale, and other complexity phenomena. We review SOC models applied to astrophysical observations, attempt to describe what physics can be captured by SOC models, and offer a critique of weaknesses and strengths in existing SOC models.

  5. INSTRUMENTS MEASURING PERCEIVED RACISM/RACIAL DISCRIMINATION: REVIEW AND CRITIQUE OF FACTOR ANALYTIC TECHNIQUES

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atkins, Rahshida

    2015-01-01

    Several compendiums of instruments that measure perceived racism and/or discrimination are present in the literature. Other works have reviewed the psychometric properties of these instruments in terms of validity and reliability and have indicated if the instrument was factor analyzed. However, little attention has been given to the quality of the factor analysis performed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the exploratory factor analyses done on instruments measuring perceived racism/racial discrimination using guidelines from experts in psychometric theory. The techniques used for factor analysis were reviewed and critiqued and the adequacy of reporting was evaluated. Internet search engines and four electronic abstract databases were used to identify 16 relevant instruments that met the inclusion/exclusion criteria. Principal component analysis was the most frequent method of extraction (81%). Sample sizes were adequate for factor analysis in 81 percent of studies. The majority of studies reported appropriate criteria for the acceptance of un-rotated factors (81%) and justified the rotation method (75%). Exactly 94 percent of studies reported partially acceptable criteria for the acceptance of rotated factors. The majority of articles (69%) reported adequate coefficient alphas for the resultant subscales. In 81 percent of the studies, the conceptualized dimensions were supported by factor analysis. PMID:25626225

  6. The Mediated Figure of Hmong Farmer, Hmong Studies, and Asian American Critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui Niu Wilcox

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this article is two-fold: First, it argues for critical engagement between Hmong Studies and Asian American Studies. Second, to illustrate the productivity of such engagement,this article analyzes the media coverage of an incident involving Hmong American farmers and their white neighbors in Eagan, Minnesota, June 2010. The focal question is how media discourses around farming and immigration serve to racialize Hmong American identities. Thisanalysis shows that Hmong Americans experience “Asiatic racialization” in that they are either discursively cast outside of the imagined American nation, or included contingent uponassimilation and conformity. Critiquing both the exclusionary and assimilative narratives, this article explicates the inherent contradictions of the U.S. nationalism, referencing both existingHmong Studies literature and Asian Americanist discourses on race and nation. Both bodies of work foreground the historical and social construction of identities, as well as the simultaneous,intertwined workings of race, class, gender/sexuality and nation. Critical dialogues could generate new ideas and possibilities for both Asian American Studies and Hmong Studies.

  7. Sept programmes normatifs pour une sociologie critique des inégalités

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Louis Genard

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Toute sociologie critique présuppose la référence à un horizon normatif fondant la défense des positions critiques. Cet horizon normatif demeure parfois, voire souvent, implicite, vraisemblablement parce que son explicitation paraîtrait transgresser l’impératif de neutralisation axiologique qui marque fortement l’épistémologie des sciences sociales, ou, à tout le moins, parce qu’il fait glisser le travail du sociologue sur les terrains de la théorie politique ou du militantisme. Cette contribution cherche au contraire à rendre explicites ces horizons normatifs dans le cas, central pour la sociologie critique, des inégalités sociales. Sept paradigmes normatifs sont ainsi dégagés, articulés et mis en relation avec les enjeux actuels relatifs aux théories de la justice. Leur différenciation se construit principalement à partir de discussions sur les référentiels anthropologiques qui servent d’appui critique (l’idéal anthropologique d’une société juste est-elle l’autonomie ou la vulnérabilité ? Qu’est-ce que l’autonomie ?, etc., sur les conceptions de la justice (l’égalité doit-elle être pensée comme égalité de traitement, de ressources, d’opportunités…? Doit-elle être réfléchie comme redistribution ou comme reconnaissance ?, sur les manières d’envisager la collectivisation de la responsabilité (jusqu’où devons-nous assumer le droit à la différence ? Faut-il y inclure les générations futures ?, ainsi que sur les manières de définir ce qu’est une vie bonne (faut-il mettre en question les liens entre autonomie et émancipation ? La visée de l’égalité ne doit-elle pas d’abord mettre en question nos conceptions héritées de la vie bonne qui sont de fait phagocytées par la consommation et le gaspillage ?.Seven Normative Programs for a Critical Sociology of InequalitiesAny critical sociology assumes a reference to a normative horizon based on the defense of

  8. Special relativity with two invariant scales: Motivation, Fermions, Bosons, Locality, and Critique

    CERN Document Server

    Ahluwalia-Khalilova, D V

    2004-01-01

    We present a Master equation for description of fermions and bosons for special relativities with two invariant scales, SR2, (c and lambda_P). We introduce canonically-conjugate variables (chi^0, chi) to (epsilon, pi) of Judes-Visser. Together, they bring in a formal element of linearity and locality in an otherwise non-linear and non-local theory. Special relativities with two invariant scales provide all corrections, say, to the standard model of the high energy physics, in terms of one fundamental constant, lambda_P. It is emphasized that spacetime of special relativities with two invariant scales carries an intrinsic quantum-gravitational character. In an addenda, we also comment on the physical importance of a phase factor that the whole literature on the subject has missed and present a brief critique of SR2. In addition, we remark that the most natural and physically viable SR2 shall require momentum-space and spacetime to be non-commutative with the non-commutativity determined by the spin content and...

  9. Critique of Caplan’s The Myth of the Rational Voter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stuart Farrand

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Bryan Caplan’s 2007 book, The Myth of the Rational Voter, created some controversy by stating that voters make irrational political decisions. While it has commonly been accepted in public choice discourse that citizens are ignorant of the complexities of politics, Caplan takes the argument one step further and states that citizens hold extreme anti-economic biases that invoke certain irrational demands of politicians. Caplan also asserts that democratic failure is thoroughly a result of the these irrational biases, and that citizens deserve the primary blame for problems within the American political system. This critique analyzes several inconsistencies in Caplan’s assessment of the political condition, which include his doctrine of rational irrationality, his skepticism towards democratic failure, and his apologetic attitude towards politicians. Under closer scrutiny, one can see that Caplan’s main thesis, the concept of rational irrationality, is largely unfounded. Furthermore, the theoretical model he constructs is largely incomplete, since he focuses primarily on the failures of citizens, but does not take into account numerous other factors within the political process that can lead to democratic failure.

  10. Ethics in dentistry: review and critique of Principles of Ethics and Code of Professional Conduct.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nash, D A

    1984-10-01

    This paper has reviewed an ethic for the profession of dental medicine, such an ethic being grounded in the classical characteristics of a profession. The Principles and Code of the ADA have been reviewed and critiqued. The following conclusions are drawn: The dental profession and the individual dentist have a duty to recognize the reciprocity of the relationship that exists with society, and the duty of covenantal fidelity. The dentist has a duty to conduct his or her professional life in accordance with the ethical principles rooted in the moral rules. These are the principles of beneficence: autonomy and justice, in both individual and societal contexts. The dentist has a duty to maintain his or her level of knowledge and skill current. The dentist has an obligation to participate in the professional community to help ensure just distribution of society's resources and to share the burden of professional self-regulation to the extent that such a privilege is granted by society. The current Principles and Code are helpful expressions of dentistry's professional obligations, but are deficient in: not speaking to reciprocity of relationship, the principle of self-determination, and not providing for societal participation in the covenant agreement.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS) PMID:6384327

  11. Discussion on the spectral coherence between planetary, solar and climate oscillations: a reply to some critiques

    CERN Document Server

    Scafetta, Nicola

    2014-01-01

    During the last few years a number of works have proposed that planetary harmonics regulate solar oscillations and the Earth climate. Herein I address some critiques. Detailed analysis of the data do support the planetary theory of solar and climate variation. In particular, I show that: (1) high-resolution cosmogenic 10Be and 14C solar activity proxy records both during the Holocene and during the Marine Interglacial Stage 9.3 (MIS 9.3), 325-336 kyr ago, present four common spectral peaks at about 103, 115, 130 and 150 yrs (this is the frequency band that generates Maunder and Dalton like grand solar minima) that can be deduced from a simple solar model based on a generic non-linear coupling between planetary and solar harmonics; (2) time-frequency analysis and advanced minimum variance distortion-less response (MVDR) magnitude squared coherence analysis confirm the existence of persistent astronomical harmonics in the climate records at the decadal and multidecadal scales when used with an appropriate windo...

  12. The ethics of interrogation and the American Psychological Association: a critique of policy and process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olson, Brad; Soldz, Stephen; Davis, Martha

    2008-01-01

    The Psychological Ethics and National Security (PENS) task force was assembled by the American Psychological Association (APA) to guide policy on the role of psychologists in interrogations at foreign detention centers for the purpose of U.S. national security. The task force met briefly in 2005, and its report was quickly accepted by the APA Board of Directors and deemed consistent with the APA Ethics Code by the APA Ethics Committee. This rapid acceptance was unusual for a number of reasons but primarily because of the APA's long-standing tradition of taking great care in developing ethical policies that protected anyone who might be impacted by the work of psychologists. Many psychological and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), as well as reputable journalists, believed the risk of harm associated with psychologist participation in interrogations at these detention centers was not adequately addressed by the report. The present critique analyzes the assumptions of the PENS report and its interpretations of the APA Ethics Code. We demonstrate that it presents only one (and not particularly representative) side of a complex set of ethical issues. We conclude with a discussion of more appropriate psychological contributions to national security and world peace that better respect and preserve human rights. PMID:18230171

  13. The march of the MehteranRethinking the human rights critiques of counter-terrorism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Can Öztaş

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Since 9/11 counter-terrorism laws adopted by Western democracies have been criticised intensively, producing a large body of theoretical and practical analysis. However, the material focusing on these issues through the lens of racism is limited. Thus the human rights critiques of counter-terrorism laws remain inadequate. One of the more obvious reasons for this gap in the literature is that the discriminatory dimension of counter-terrorism policies and laws and the subtle (sometimes institutional racism involved is not adequately considered. Another reason is related to the dilemmatic role of human rights. Since early modernity the legal system and the values of Europe/the West is imposed on the 'other'. Previously this was done through colonialism and empire building; today, it is realised through the liberal capitalist economic system heralding democratic government based on 'universal' human rights. Like before, the 'other' resist this imposition (along with the democratic system based on human rights, through a vaguely defined term - 'terrorism'. In reaction, counter-terrorism measures and laws, which are known to violate human rights, are enacted in defence of a system which defines itself through a commitment to human rights values. This paper intends to discuss the dual role of human rights, which criticise and affirm counter-terrorism measures.

  14. Social science and linguistic text analysis of nurses' records: a systematic review and critique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buus, Niels; Hamilton, Bridget Elizabeth

    2016-03-01

    The two aims of the paper were to systematically review and critique social science and linguistic text analyses of nursing records in order to inform future research in this emerging area of research. Systematic searches in reference databases and in citation indexes identified 12 articles that included analyses of the social and linguistic features of records and recording. Two reviewers extracted data using established criteria for the evaluation of qualitative research papers. A common characteristic of nursing records was the economical use of language with local meanings that conveyed little information to the uninitiated reader. Records were dominated by technocratic-medical discourse focused on patients' bodies, and they depicted only very limited aspects of nursing practice. Nurses made moral evaluations in their categorisation of patients, which reflected detailed surveillance of patients' disturbing behaviour. The text analysis methods were rarely transparent in the articles, which could suggest research quality problems. For most articles, the significance of the findings was substantiated more by theoretical readings of the institutional settings than by the analysis of textual data. More probing empirical research of nurses' records and a wider range of theoretical perspectives has the potential to expose the situated meanings of nursing work in healthcare organisations. PMID:26109278

  15. Beethoven recordings reviewed: A systematic method for mapping the content of music performance critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena eAlessandri

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Critical reviews offer invaluable, rich data that can be utilized to investigate how musical experiences are conceptualized by experts. However, these data also present significant challenges in terms of organization, analysis, and interpretation. This study presents a new systematic method for examining written responses to music, tested on a substantial corpus of music critique. One hundred critical reviews of Beethoven’s piano sonata recordings, published in the Gramophone between August 1934 and July 2010, were selected using in-depth data reduction (qualitative/quantitative approach. The texts were then examined using thematic analysis in order to generate a visual descriptive model of expert critical review. This model reveals how the concept of evaluation permeates critical review. The model also distinguishes between two types of descriptors. The first characterizes the performance on specific actions or features of the musical sound (musical parameters, technique and energy; the second appeals to higher-order properties (artistic style, character and emotion, musical structure, communicativeness or assumed performer qualities (understanding, intentionality, spontaneity, sensibility, control, and care. The new model provides a first methodological guide and conceptual basis for future studies of critical review in any genre.

  16. Selective critique of risk assessments with recommendations for improving methodology and practise

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Risk assessments are often criticised for defending activities that could harm the environment and human health. The risk assessments produce numbers which are used to prove that the risk associated with the activity is acceptable. In this way, risk assessments seem to be a tool generally serving business. Government agencies have based their regulations on the use of risk assessment and the prevailing practise is supported by the regulations. In this paper, we look more closely into this critique. Are risk assessments being misused or are risk assessments simply not a suitable tool for guiding decision-making in the face of risks and uncertainties? Is the use of risk assessments not servicing public interests? We argue that risk assessments may provide useful decision support but the quality of the risk assessments and the associated risk assessment processes need to be improved. In this paper, three main improvement areas (success factors) are identified and discussed: (1) the scientific basis of the risk assessments needs to be strengthened, (2) the risk assessments need to provide a much broader risk picture than what is typically the case today. Separate uncertainty analyses should be carried out, extending the traditional probabilistic-based analyses and (3) the cautionary and precautionary principles need to be seen as rational risk management approaches, and their application would, to a large extent, be based on risk and uncertainty assessments.

  17. Adult Immunization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omer Coskun

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Despite the many advances in modern medicine, each year thousands of people in the world die from diseases that are easily prevented by safe and effective vaccines. Few measures in preventive medicine are of such proven value and as easy to implement as routine immunization against infectious diseases. Prevention of infection by immunization is a lifelong process. There are a number of vaccines that all adults (¡I18 years require. There are also other vaccines that need to be tailored to meet individual variations in risk resulting from occupation, foreign travel, underlying illness, lifestyle and age. In this study, we tried to review this important subject. [TAF Prev Med Bull. 2008; 7(2: 159-166

  18. Adult Immunization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omer Coskun

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Despite the many advances in modern medicine, each year thousands of people in the world die from diseases that are easily prevented by safe and effective vaccines. Few measures in preventive medicine are of such proven value and as easy to implement as routine immunization against infectious diseases. Prevention of infection by immunization is a lifelong process. There are a number of vaccines that all adults (¡I18 years require. There are also other vaccines that need to be tailored to meet individual variations in risk resulting from occupation, foreign travel, underlying illness, lifestyle and age. In this study, we tried to review this important subject. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2008; 7(2.000: 159-166

  19. Brain tumor - primary - adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Vestibular schwannoma (acoustic neuroma) - adults; Meningioma - adults; Cancer - brain tumor (adults) ... Primary brain tumors include any tumor that starts in the brain. Primary brain tumors can start from brain cells, ...

  20. Brain tumor - primary - adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Vestibular schwannoma (acoustic neuroma) - adults; Meningioma - adults; Cancer - brain tumor (adults) ... wireless devices Head injuries Smoking Hormone therapy SPECIFIC TUMOR TYPES Brain tumors are classified depending on: Location of the ...

  1. Adult Still's disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Still's disease - adult; AOSD ... than 1 out of 100,000 people develop adult-onset Still's disease each year. It affects women more often than men. The cause of adult Still's disease is unknown. No risk factors for ...

  2. Facteurs influençant une saine alimentation chez des adolescents : revue de littérature destinée à l’infirmière en milieu scolaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danielle Boucher

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Certaines habitudes alimentaires des adolescents sont associées à une augmentation inquiétante de l’excès de poids, du nombre de cas d’obésité et du développement de maladies chroniques. Ce phénomène est maintenant considéré comme un problème majeur en santé publique. En promotion de la santé, des modèles écologiques ont été développés pour illustrer la manière dont les caractéristiques personnelles, interpersonnelles, institutionnelles, communautaires et politiques peuvent influencer les comportements. Nous avons utilisé ce modèle pour revoir les facteurs d’influence d’une saine alimentation chez des adolescents de 12 à 18 ans vivant dans des pays industrialisés. Nous avons identifié dans la littérature scientifique des facteurs individuels tels que les connaissances, l’attitude et les croyances, des facteurs interpersonnels tels que la famille et les pairs et des facteurs institutionnels tels que l’école qui peuvent influencer les choix alimentaires des adolescents. La connaissance de ces facteurs peut constituer un préalable lors du choix d’interventions pertinentes ciblant un changement de comportement et permettre ainsi aux infirmières, notamment celles œuvrant en milieu scolaire, d’intervenir plus efficacement auprès des jeunes. Les futures interventions pour promouvoir une saine alimentation pourraient donc cibler ces différents niveaux écologiques et prendre en compte leurs interactions. Le but du présent article est de faire le point sur l’état des connaissances concernant les facteurs qui influencent une saine alimentation chez les adolescents de 12 à 18 ans par le biais d’une revue de littérature dans ce domaine.

  3. A critique of neoliberalism with fierceness: queer youth of color creating dialogues of resistance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grady, Jonathan; Marquez, Rigoberto; McLaren, Peter

    2012-01-01

    As a form of deregulated capitalism that has run amok, commodifying all that is in its path, and as a cultural means of commodifying Black and brown bodies, neoliberalism has taken a serious toll on the lives of working-class queer youth of color. Although it has hijacked spaces of cultural representation and material production, neoliberal capitalism is far from transparent. Through resistance, activism and performance queer youth of color have now started to shape a critique of oppressive structures, neoliberal policies, and pedagogical practices that are critical of their intersecting identities. This article examines neoliberalism's impact on education, focusing on educational policy and how these policies have affected queer youth of color in the urban centers of our major cities. This article also considers the contributions made by educators writing from the perspective of critical pedagogy in addressing the plight of queer youth of color in U.S. schools while employing the example of the dance group, Innovation, as way of addressing the havoc of neoliberalism in the lives of queer youth of color through performance and activism. This group has not only transformed notions of gender, race, class and sexuality that challenge major tenants of neoliberalism, but has also served as potent sites for the development of a critical pedagogy for working-class queer youth of color. Through sites of resistance rooted in progressive struggle, queer youth of color must be enabled by critical transformative intellectuals committed to encouraging youth to critically evaluate and challenge ideologies while displaying an allegiance to egalitarianism. PMID:22925055

  4. Development, implementation and critique of a bioethics framework for pharmaceutical sponsors of human biomedical research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Campen, Luann E; Therasse, Donald G; Klopfenstein, Mitchell; Levine, Robert J

    2015-11-01

    Pharmaceutical human biomedical research is a multi-dimensional endeavor that requires collaboration among many parties, including those who sponsor, conduct, participate in, or stand to benefit from the research. Human subjects' protections have been promulgated to ensure that the benefits of such research are accomplished with respect for and minimal risk to individual research participants, and with an overall sense of fairness. Although these protections are foundational to clinical research, most ethics guidance primarily highlights the responsibilities of investigators and ethics review boards. Currently, there is no published resource that comprehensively addresses bioethical responsibilities of industry sponsors; including their responsibilities to parties who are not research participants, but are, nevertheless key stakeholders in the endeavor. To fill this void, in 2010 Eli Lilly and Company instituted a Bioethics Framework for Human Biomedical Research. This paper describes how the framework was developed and implemented and provides a critique based on four years of experience. A companion article provides the actual document used by Eli Lilly and Company to guide ethical decisions regarding all phases of human clinical trials. While many of the concepts presented in this framework are not novel, compiling them in a manner that articulates the ethical responsibilities of a sponsor is novel. By utilizing this type of bioethics framework, we have been able to develop bioethics positions on various topics, provide research ethics consultations, and integrate bioethics into the daily operations of our human biomedical research. We hope that by sharing these companion papers we will stimulate discussion within and outside the biopharmaceutical industry for the benefit of the multiple parties involved in pharmaceutical human biomedical research. PMID:26325424

  5. Modelling biological behaviours with the unified modelling language: an immunological case study and critique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Read, Mark; Andrews, Paul S; Timmis, Jon; Kumar, Vipin

    2014-10-01

    We present a framework to assist the diagrammatic modelling of complex biological systems using the unified modelling language (UML). The framework comprises three levels of modelling, ranging in scope from the dynamics of individual model entities to system-level emergent properties. By way of an immunological case study of the mouse disease experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, we show how the framework can be used to produce models that capture and communicate the biological system, detailing how biological entities, interactions and behaviours lead to higher-level emergent properties observed in the real world. We demonstrate how the UML can be successfully applied within our framework, and provide a critique of UML's ability to capture concepts fundamental to immunology and biology more generally. We show how specialized, well-explained diagrams with less formal semantics can be used where no suitable UML formalism exists. We highlight UML's lack of expressive ability concerning cyclic feedbacks in cellular networks, and the compounding concurrency arising from huge numbers of stochastic, interacting agents. To compensate for this, we propose several additional relationships for expressing these concepts in UML's activity diagram. We also demonstrate the ambiguous nature of class diagrams when applied to complex biology, and question their utility in modelling such dynamic systems. Models created through our framework are non-executable, and expressly free of simulation implementation concerns. They are a valuable complement and precursor to simulation specifications and implementations, focusing purely on thoroughly exploring the biology, recording hypotheses and assumptions, and serve as a communication medium detailing exactly how a simulation relates to the real biology. PMID:25142524

  6. A critique of social marketing in the non-profit development sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.M. Fourie

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available In its struggle to find funding, non-profit organisations world-wide are increasingly using social marketing strategies. This approach potentially influences non governmental organisations (NGOs and community based organisations (CBOs in their communication with their “clients”, i.e. those persons and com-munities in need of development. Marketing strategies con-sequently become instruments in achieving social development, with as main premise that behaviour could be changed by means of persuasive, top-down communication. Social marketing, with its roots in marketing, has a strong focus on persuasion and favours top-down communication rather than dialogical communication strategies suggested by the par-ticipatory development communication approach. It is also questionable whether social marketing can be equated with the principles of a Biblically informed approach to communication. With these questions in mind, this article discusses Biblical views on communication and the participatory development communication approach. A critique of the social marketing approach is then offered. It is argued here that there is no clear-cut answer as to whether social marketing could be described as participatory. What is clear is that there are many different views on social marketing, as is the case with participatory approaches. It would thus seem more correct to place social marketing on a participation continuum, rather than to define it as being participatory and thus per definition ethical or not. Finally, a number of suggestions are made which could bring it more in line with the participatory communication approach as well as Biblical principles on com-munication.

  7. HISTORICIZING KUHN: A CRITIQUE OF KUHNIAN THEORY OF HISTORY OF SCIENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sujit Kumar

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The Structure of Scientific Revolution by Thomas Kuhn is probably the best known post-war endeavour to bring the notion of historicity to the understanding of process of development of science. It has been widely influential and has brought a long set of admirers and critics. It is considered as heralding a critique of development of science in post-positivist and non-continuiest form. In many ways, it is a part of other endeavours that rejected the grand linear process of scientific development and discoveries. Part of the reason for the enthusiastic response to The Structure was due to the ongoing debate between those who considered the development of science as an evolutionary process, and those who saw it as a discontinuous process devoid of any goal. Kuhn was not the first and last to argue that the development of science is a discontinuous process. We will make an attempt to show that Kuhn's attempt of historicizing the development of science creates an ahistorical understanding of science which is devoid of its historical milieu. He anachronistically applied and normalized the capitalist division of scientists as constituting a separate body of thinkers from non-scientists and tended to apply this division seamlessly across history. This, I think, creates a problem in sustaining his argument for the periods when such distinction did not exist. Moreover I will also seek to show that Kuhn not simply remains unsuccessful in historicizing science but also remains oblivious of his own historical location. He becomes part of a group of scholars who take the reified understanding of science as yet another belief system of any kind.

  8. A Derridarean critique of Logocentrism as opposed to Textcentrism in John 1v1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gavin P. Hendricks

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available In Kelber’s hermeneutics of John, the notion of the pre-existence Logos is central. The Logos, in his reading, is prior to the realm of history and outside the reality of the narrative text. I have argued that the Logos in John can be seen as a leading case of logocentrism as coined by Derrida. The term ‘logocentrism’ refers to the Graeco-Christian or Johannine Platonic tradition according to which written language belongs to the realm of the imperfect whereas true knowledge pertains to the pre-existent, personified Logos. Derrida provides an uncompromising critique of logocentrism. He read Western theology and philosophy not in terms of a fading logocentrism and a rise of textcentrism, but rather in terms of the illusion of logocentrism. Derrida’s principle of distress is the referential paradigm of language. The linguistic sign is defined by the signifier and the signified. The signifier constitutes the visible marks committed to paper and the signified is the so-called meaning we attached to them. For Derrida, written language is generally seen as inferior whereas spoken language takes on transcendental significance and an ontological status to the referent of language. The Western tradition of philosophy and theology views writing as exterior whereas speech appears as innocent. Derrida’s logocentrism approach challenges the privileging of speech over writing in the referential system, accusing Western theology and philosophy of falsely enslaving the sign by establishing a transcendental signifier over against writing. In this article, these ideas of Derrida are applied by reading the Logos in the Johannine narrative from the perspective of orality and textuality.

  9. Modelling biological behaviours with the unified modelling language: an immunological case study and critique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Read, Mark; Andrews, Paul S.; Timmis, Jon; Kumar, Vipin

    2014-01-01

    We present a framework to assist the diagrammatic modelling of complex biological systems using the unified modelling language (UML). The framework comprises three levels of modelling, ranging in scope from the dynamics of individual model entities to system-level emergent properties. By way of an immunological case study of the mouse disease experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, we show how the framework can be used to produce models that capture and communicate the biological system, detailing how biological entities, interactions and behaviours lead to higher-level emergent properties observed in the real world. We demonstrate how the UML can be successfully applied within our framework, and provide a critique of UML's ability to capture concepts fundamental to immunology and biology more generally. We show how specialized, well-explained diagrams with less formal semantics can be used where no suitable UML formalism exists. We highlight UML's lack of expressive ability concerning cyclic feedbacks in cellular networks, and the compounding concurrency arising from huge numbers of stochastic, interacting agents. To compensate for this, we propose several additional relationships for expressing these concepts in UML's activity diagram. We also demonstrate the ambiguous nature of class diagrams when applied to complex biology, and question their utility in modelling such dynamic systems. Models created through our framework are non-executable, and expressly free of simulation implementation concerns. They are a valuable complement and precursor to simulation specifications and implementations, focusing purely on thoroughly exploring the biology, recording hypotheses and assumptions, and serve as a communication medium detailing exactly how a simulation relates to the real biology. PMID:25142524

  10. ON THE PRIMARY-SYNTHETIC UNITY OF APPERCEPTION IN THE CRITIQUE OF PURE REASON

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IONUŢ ŞTEFAN

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This research focuses on the primary-synthetic unity of apperception, as it appears in Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason, in a larger framework called transcendental idealism. Descartes’ philosophy may be considered the first step towards transcendental idealism: the first occurrence of the idea of an epistemic subject. The essence of the epistemic subject through the method of systematic doubt is that of being a thinking corpus: I exist because I think. In the System of Transcendental Idealism, Schelling starts with a classical question of Western metaphysics: knowledge means an accord between something that is objective and something that is subjective. From here, the following question arises: what is the conjunction between the objective datum and the subjective one, or how can both of them be put together, so that no contradiction should arise? When the subjective takes priority, we are talking about transcendental philosophy, a philosophy which holds as central to itself the epistemic subject; and starting from it, we can accomplish the accord between subject and object, within knowledge. For all this mechanism described above to work, we need an organon, which is above the mediated knowledge, meaning it is direct. According to Shelling, this instrument is the intellectual insight. Returning to Kant, the transcendental subject depends on perceptiveness; therefore the transcendental subject cannot have intellectual insights. The primary-synthetic unity of apperception belongs to the intellect and includes perceptiveness and the categories. This unity creates an accord between “I think” and “my representations”. “I think” is the essence of the epistemic subject. Representations must be associated with the exterior objects. The subject-object accord, created by Schelling by the means of intellectual insight, is achieved, in Kant’s view, through the unity of apperception.

  11. God, the Devil, and Darwin - A Critique of Intelligent Design Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanks, Niall

    2007-03-01

    In the last fifteen years a controversial new theory of the origins of biological complexity and the nature of the universe has been fomenting bitter debates in education and science policy across North America, Europe, and Australia. Backed by intellectuals at respectable universities, Intelligent Design theory (ID) proposes an alternative to accepted accounts of evolutionary theory: that life is so complex, and that the universe is so fine-tuned for the appearance of life, that the only plausible explanation is the existence of an intelligent designer. For many ID theorists, the designer is taken to be the god of Christianity. Niall Shanks has written the first accessible introduction to, and critique of, this controversial new intellectual movement. Shanks locates the growth of ID in the last two decades of the twentieth century in the growing influence of the American religious right. But as he shows, its roots go back beyond Aquinas to Ancient Greece. After looking at the historical roots of ID, Shanks takes a hard look at its intellectual underpinnings, discussing modern understandings of thermodynamics, and how self-organizing processes lead to complex physical, chemical, and biological systems. He considers cosmological arguments for ID rooted in so-called "anthropic coincidences" and also tackles new biochemical arguments for ID based on "irreducible biological complexity." Throughout he shows how arguments for ID lack cohesion, rest on errors and unfounded suppositions, and generally are grossly inferior to evolutionary explanations. While ID has been proposed as a scientific alternative to evolutionary biology, Shanks argues that ID is in fact "old creationist wine in new designer label bottles" and moreover is a serious threat to the scientific and democratic values that are our cultural and intellectual inheritance from the Enlightenment.

  12. Concurrences in Contemporary Travel Writing: Postcolonial Critique and Colonial Sentiments in Sven Lindqvist's Exterminate all the Brutes and Terra Nullius

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piia K. Posti

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Recent research highlights contemporary travel writing's complicity in global politics, and the genre is claimed to reproduce the discourses that constitute our understanding of the world. It has also been argued that the genre holds a possibility to help us gain further knowledge about contemporary global politics, as it may work as an arena where global politics is commented on, intervened with and re-shaped. With this double view, current research exemplifies how scholars today grapple with the challenge of accounting for simultaneous and sometimes conflicting histories and conditions that are altered and affected by colonial contacts, practices and ideologies, and by recent globalisation. This article explores this double characteristic of the travelogue through the concept of concurrence, and discusses how this concept is useful as a tool for a new understanding of the genre. How can this concept be employed in an analysis of travel writing that is deeply engaged in a critique of colonialism and its legacy in today's globalism but is simultaneously enmeshed in and complicit with the legacy that is critiques? 'Concurrence' is introduced as a concept for such analysis since it contains both the notion of simultaneity and competition. It is suggested that 'concurrence' pro-vides a conceptual framework that allows us to account for controversies, intersections and inequities without reinscribing them into a reconciled and universalizing perspective. In exploring the concept of concurrence, this article provides an initial analysis of two contemporary Swedish travel narratives by Sven Lindqvist. The analysis is focused on the genre's tension between fact and fiction, its discursive entanglement in colonialism, and the problem and possibility of writing postcolo-nial critique by use of this genre.

  13. Inclusive Education for Children with Special Education Needs:A Critique of Policy and Practice in New Zealand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garry Hornby

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This article considers the issue of inclusive education for children with disabilities and special educational needs, in particular with regard to policies and practices in developed countries, such as New Zealand. The article reviews the debate about inclusive education and outlines several confusions about inclusion that have emerged from this debate. It then provides a critique of policies and practices regarding inclusive education in New Zealand, in comparison to those in other developed countries, such as the USA and England. Finally, implications of the issues discussed for developing countries, such as those in the Asia-'‐Pacific region, are outlined.

  14. Monica Michlin and Jean-Paul Rocchi (eds), Black Intersectionalities: A Critique for the 21st Century

    OpenAIRE

    COQUET-MOKOKO, Cécile

    2015-01-01

    This collective work is informed by the project of keeping the political dimension at the core of the theory of intersectionality—a concept coined by Kimberlé Crenshaw in two founding texts, “Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex” (1989) and “Mapping the Margins” (1991) in which she critiqued the limitations of both feminist and antiracist activists and academics in pushing for equal rights and fair representation for Black women across racial, class, and gender lines. As Crenshaw ...

  15. Husserl's Critique of Brentano's Doctrine of Inner Perception and Its Significance for Understanding Husserl's Method in Phenomenology

    OpenAIRE

    McDonnell, Cyril

    2012-01-01

    This article first outlines the importance of Brentano’s doctrine of inner perception both to his understanding of the science of psychology in general in his Psychology from an Empirical Standpoint (1874) and to his new science of descriptive psychology in particular which he later advances in his lecture courses on ‘Descriptive Psychology’ at the University of Vienna in the 1880s and early 1890s. It then examines Husserl’s critique of that doctrine in an ‘Appendix: Inner and Outer Perceptio...

  16. May the blessed man win: a critique of the categorical preference for natural talent over doping as proper origins of athletic ability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonte, Pieter; Sterckx, Sigrid; Pennings, Guido

    2014-08-01

    Doping scandals can reveal unresolved tensions between the meritocratic values of equal opportunity + reward for effort and the "talentocratic" love of hereditary privilege. Whence this special reverence for talent? We analyze the following arguments: (1) talent is a unique indicator of greater potential, whereas doping enables only temporary boosts (the fluke critique); (2) developing a talent is an authentic endeavor of "becoming who you are," whereas reforming the fundamentals of your birth suit via artifice is an act of alienation (the phony critique); (3) your (lack of) talent informs you of your proper place and purpose in life, whereas doping frustrates such an amor fati self-understanding (the fateless critique). We conclude that these arguments fail to justify a categorical preference for natural talent over integrated artifice. Instead, they illustrate the extent to which unsavory beliefs about "nature's aristocracy" may still be at play in the moral theatre of sports. PMID:24997251

  17. Environmental indifference? A critique of environmentally deterministic theories of peatland archaeological site construction in Ireland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plunkett, G.; McDermott, C.; Swindles, G. T.; Brown, D. M.

    2013-02-01

    Climate change, whether gradual or sudden, has frequently been invoked as a causal factor to explain many aspects of cultural change during the prehistoric and early historic periods. Critiquing such theories has often proven difficult, not least because of the imprecise dating of many aspects of the palaeoclimate or archaeological records and the difficulties of merging the two strands of research. Here we consider one example of the archaeological record - peatland site construction in Ireland - which has previously been interpreted in terms of social response to climate change and examine whether close scrutiny of the archaeological and palaeoenvironmental records upholds the climatically deterministic hypotheses. We evaluate evidence for phasing in the temporal distribution of trackways and related sites in Irish peatlands, of which more than 3500 examples have been recorded, through the examination of ˜350 dendrochronological and 14C dates from these structures. The role of climate change in influencing when such sites were constructed is assessed by comparing visually and statistically the frequency of sites over the last 4500 years with well-dated, multiproxy climate reconstructions from Irish peatlands. We demonstrate that national patterns of “peatland activity” exist that indicate that the construction of sites in bogs was neither a constant nor random phenomenon. Phases of activity (i.e. periods in which the number of structures increased), as well as the ‘lulls’ that separate them, show no consistent correlation with periods of wetter or drier conditions on the bogs, suggesting that the impetus for the start or cessation of such activity was not climatically-determined. We propose that trigger(s) for peatland site construction in Ireland must instead also be sought within the wider, contemporary social background. Perhaps not surprisingly, a comparison with archaeological and palynological evidence shows that peatland activity tends to occur at

  18. Georg Simmel, une interprétation critique de la notion kantienne du bonheur.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annette Disselkamp

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Dans un texte relativement peu connu, intitulé Kant, Georg Simmel développe des réflexions critiques à propos de la notion kantienne du bonheur. En comparant celles-ci avec son analyse de la société moderne, telle qu’il la propose dans la Philosophie de l’argent, on s’aperçoit qu’il existe, entre les concepts philosophiques qui y sont mis en œuvre, une relation de correspondance parfaite. La conclusion s’impose que, pour Simmel, la notion kantienne du bonheur trouve comme son incarnation historique dans la culture monétaire. La modernité, que Simmel caractérise par le fait qu’elle offre aux individus la possibilité d’accéder aux objets et aux positions de leur choix, matérialise en effet une aporie inhérente au concept du bonheur chez Kant, dans la mesure où ce dernier souligne l’indétermination totale des choix, d’un côté, et de l’autre, l’idée que c’est hors de la volonté elle-même que la recherche du bonheur puise ses mobiles.In his relatively unknown text Kant, Georg Simmel develops some critical thoughts concerning Kant’s notion of happiness. The comparison between this text and his analysis of modern society, especially in his work Philosophy of Money, reveals that there exists a perfect correspondence between the philosophical concepts used in the two books. This leads us to conclude that, in Simmel’s eyes, monetary culture represents some kind of historical embodiment of the Kantian notion of happiness. Modernity, which offers all individuals the possibility of acquiring any objects or positions they choose, materialises an aporia inherent in Kant’s concept of happiness, consisting in the fact that, on the one hand, our choices are totally undetermined, and, on the other hand, the search for happiness is motivated by impulsions that lie outside of our will.

  19. Andragogy's Detectives: A Critique of the Present and a Proposal for the Future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rachal, John R.

    2002-01-01

    Evidence of the efficacy of andragogy is inconclusive and affected by definitional confusion. Analysis of research on andragogy yields seven criteria for an operational, consensus-based definition: voluntary participation, adult status, collaboratively determined objectives, performance-based assessment, measurement of satisfaction, appropriate…

  20. Adult Neurogenesis in Drosophila

    OpenAIRE

    Ismael Fernández-Hernández; Christa Rhiner; Eduardo Moreno

    2013-01-01

    Adult neurogenesis has been linked to several cognitive functions and neurological disorders. Description of adult neurogenesis in a model organism like Drosophila could facilitate the genetic study of normal and abnormal neurogenesis in the adult brain. So far, formation of new neurons has not been detected in adult fly brains and hence has been thought to be absent in Drosophila. Here, we used an improved lineage-labeling method to show that, surprisingly, adult neurogenesis occurs in the m...

  1. Depression in Older Adults

    OpenAIRE

    Fiske, Amy; Wetherell, Julie Loebach; Gatz, Margaret

    2009-01-01

    Depression is less prevalent among older adults than among younger adults but can have serious consequences. Over half of cases represent a first onset in later life. Although suicide rates in the elderly are declining, they are still higher than in younger adults and more closely associated with depression. Depressed older adults are less likely to endorse affective symptoms and more likely to display cognitive changes, somatic symptoms, and loss of interest than are younger adults. Risk fac...

  2. The Use of the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-II With Forensic Populations: A Psychometric Critique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schamborg, Sara; Tully, Ruth J; Browne, Kevin D

    2016-08-01

    The State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-II (STAXI-II) is a psychometric assessment that measures the experience, expression, and control of anger in research and clinical settings. Although the STAXI-II is extensively used and its psychometric properties supported, no psychometric critique has yet specifically assessed its utility with forensic populations. The aim of this critique was to explore the validity and reliability of the STAXI-II when used with forensic samples. It was found that the psychometric properties of the STAXI-II, when used with forensic populations, are satisfactory. However, gaps in research and issues that need to be addressed in practice have been highlighted. Although STAXI-II provides a comprehensive measure of anger, it does not capture all aspects of the construct. In addition, the tool does not contain an inherent validity scale, indicating the need to control for social desirability responding when administering the STAXI-II. Practical implications, limitations, and future research will be discussed. PMID:25899599

  3. Adult Cancers in Adolescents and Young Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laurence, Valérie; Marples, Maria; Stark, Daniel P

    2016-01-01

    The pattern of cancer seen in young people changes with increasing age, transitioning from childhood- to adult-type cancer in adolescence and the third decade. The risk factors, presentation and biology of cancer in young adults differ from those in the older adult population. Factors of particular significance in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) include genetic predisposition to adult-type cancer, diagnostic uncertainty, long-term morbidity and considerations of fertility. New systemic therapies are being introduced that can prolong life and even increase the chance of cure, but the impact on AYAs is uncertain, as these patients are often under-represented in clinical trials. Here, we discuss the management of AYAs with 3 of the most common cancers affecting adults, when they emerge in the AYA populations, and therefore are currently met by medical oncologists - breast cancer, colorectal cancer and melanoma. PMID:27595357

  4. Anthropolis, revue d’anticipation culturelle1

    OpenAIRE

    Abélès, Marc

    2009-01-01

    Le projet d’Anthropolis est issu d’une constatation simple. Nous vivons dans un univers où le futur est désormais partie inté­grante du présent. Notre discours et nos comportements sont faits d’anticipations permanentes. Le virtuel est l’une des modalités essentielles du contemporain. L’appropriation massive des techno­logies de l’information a contribué à cette situation. De même, il est devenu parfois difficile de déterminer ce qui relève de la science proprement dite ou de la science‑ficti...

  5. Anne MORELLI et Eliane GUBIN (textes réunis et coordonnés par), Pour une histoire européenne des femmes migrantes. Sources et méthodes, Sextant, revue du Groupe interdisciplinaire d’Études sur les Femmes, Université libre de Bruxelles, n

    OpenAIRE

    Guerry, Linda

    2008-01-01

    Le volume 21-22 de la revue belge Sextant regroupe 14 contributions en français de chercheuses et chercheurs de divers centres d’études et universités européens. Il s’agit de la publication des actes d’un colloque international organisé en mai 2004 par le Groupe d’Étude pour l’Histoire de l’Immigration et le Groupe interdisciplinaire d’Études sur les Femmes de l’Université libre de Bruxelles. Alors que l’histoire des femmes immigrantes est déjà explorée outre-Atlantique depuis les années 1980...

  6. Identification et prévention du risque suicidaire chez les personnes âgées résidant en EMS: une revue de la littérature soutenue par le modèle de l'adaptation de C. Roy : travail de Bachelor

    OpenAIRE

    Brandtner, Yasmina; Payré, Marie; Peyrot, Marion; Vulliet, Corentine; Maupetit, Christine

    2015-01-01

    Introduction. Le suicide est un problème majeur en santé publique en Suisse, où le taux de suicide est élevé. En parallèle, de nombreux enjeux sont liés au vieillissement de la population, parmi lesquels la demande croissante de soins en résidence médicalisée. Il existe peu de données sur les comportements suicidaires dans les nursing homes. Le but de cette revue synthétique de la littérature est de décrire l’épidémiologie du phénomène du suicide en nursing home, les facteurs de risques et le...

  7. A Critique of What is the Logical Problem of Foreign Language Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Xueqin

    2009-01-01

    The logical problem of foreign language learning has long been a very controversial Topic. Bley-Vroman claims that L2 acquistion is very different from L1acquisition in his paper 'What is the logical problem of foreign language learning'. This paper views differently from his points about the role of native language,negative evidence and domain-specific cognitive facility.He emphasizes the facilitative role of the native language and ignoring the negative role of it.He views that negative evidence plays no role in child language acquisition.The author argues that sometimes children need indirect negative evidence to help their language acquisition.Finally,the author argues that the difference between adult and child language learning is not because ofthat the lack of domain specific acquisition system in adults.The influencing factors are various.

  8. Race and Class in Britain: A Critique of the Statistical Basis for Critical Race Theory in Britain: And Some Political Implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Dave

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, the author critiques what he analyses as the misuse of statistics in arguments put forward by some Critical Race Theorists in Britain showing that "Race" "trumps" Class in terms of underachievement at 16+ exams in England and Wales. At a theoretical level, using Marxist work the author argues for a notion of "raced" and gendered…

  9. A "Fear" Studies Perspective and Critique: Analyzing English and Stengel's Progressive Study of Fear and Learning in "Education Theory." Technical Paper No. 37

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, R. Michael

    2011-01-01

    The author critiques the progressive approach of two contemporary educational philosophers (English and Stengel) on the topic of fear and learning. Using a postmodern integral approach, this article examines the tendency of reductionism, individualism, and psychologism as part of a hegemonic liberalism and modernism in discourses on fear and…

  10. The Critical Humanisms of Dorothy Dinnerstein and Immanuel Kant Employed for Responding to Gender Bias: A Study, and an Exercise, in Radical Critique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bynum, Gregory Lewis

    2011-01-01

    Two humanist, critical approaches--those of Dorothy Dinnerstein and Immanuel Kant--are summarized, compared, and employed to critique gender bias in science education. The value of Dinnerstein's approach lies in her way of seeing conventional "masculinity" and conventional "femininity" as developing in relation to each other from early childhood.…

  11. Creation of the new Open Access journal: "Library and Information Science Critique: Journal of the Sciences of Information Recorded in Documents"

    OpenAIRE

    Muela-Meza, Zapopan Martín; Torres-Reyes, José Antonio

    2008-01-01

    This document explains the creation of the new Open Access journal: "Library and Information Science Critique: Journal of the Sciences of Information Recorded in Documents," and it also include guidelines for authors' contributions. The journal has been created at the Research Centre in Information Recorded in Documents at the School of Philosophy and Letters at the Nuevo Leon Autonomous University, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico.

  12. Does Student Sorting Invalidate Value-Added Models of Teacher Effectiveness? An Extended Analysis of the Rothstein Critique. Working Paper 2009-01

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koedel, Cory; Betts, Julian R.

    2009-01-01

    Value-added modeling continues to gain traction as a tool for measuring teacher performance. However, recent research (Rothstein, 2009a, 2009b) questions the validity of the value-added approach by showing that it does not mitigate student teacher sorting bias (its presumed primary benefit). Our study explores this critique in more detail.…

  13. Labour Subjectivities for the New World of Work: A Critique of Government Policy on the Integration of Entrepreneurialism in the University Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Philippa

    2015-01-01

    International debates on the aims and purposes of entrepreneurship education in universities are examined in this paper through the prism of a policy critique of recent English higher education initiatives. The Department of Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS) policy to integrate rather than "add on" enterprise education throughout…

  14. LE FRANÇAIS DANS LA PRESSE ECRITE DU NORD-CAMEROUN : DIAGNOSTIC, CRITIQUES ET ORIENTATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moïse MBEY MAKANG

    2013-11-01

    çais hexagonal, elle jette ensuite un regard critique et propose des solutions dans l’optique de la régulation de la formation du langage de la presse écrite. L’hypothèse de départ postule que les mobiles ci-dessus énumérés sont les causes de la mauvaise pratique linguistique de la presse écrite du Nord-Cameroun. Ceci dit, le raisonnement se construit par une approche descriptive et contrastive du français et prend en compte un foisonnement de sources (articles, ouvrages, thèses, documentaires, mémoires, etc..

  15. Bathroom safety - adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000021.htm Bathroom safety - adults To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Older adult bathroom safety What to consider at home Staying safe ...

  16. Older Adults and Depression

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Older Adults and Depression Share Older Adults and Depression Download PDF Download ePub Download Mobi Order a ... If so, you may have depression. What is depression? Everyone feels down or sad sometimes, but these ...

  17. Adult educators' core competences

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wahlgren, Bjarne

    2016-01-01

    Abstract Which competences do professional adult educators need? This research note discusses the topic from a comparative perspective, finding that adult educators’ required competences are wide-ranging, heterogeneous and complex. They are subject to context in terms of national and cultural env...... profiles, the author notes that adult educators’ ability to train adult learners in a way which then enables them to apply and use what they have learned in practice (thus performing knowledge transfer) still seems to be overlooked....

  18. Adult Survival Skills Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsko, Gregory M.

    The purpose of this instrument is to supplement data from the Adult Basic Learning Examination in assessing the functional level of adults in daily situations. It may also be used as a teaching tool for adults requesting tutoring in specific concepts and skills presented in the instrument. This instrument is an informal assessment instrument and…

  19. Adult Learning Assumptions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baskas, Richard S.

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to examine Knowles' theory of andragogy and his six assumptions of how adults learn while providing evidence to support two of his assumptions based on the theory of andragogy. As no single theory explains how adults learn, it can best be assumed that adults learn through the accumulation of formal and informal…

  20. Adult Education in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miser, Rifat; Ural, Ozana; Ünlühisarýklý, Özlem

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates the situation and practices of adult education in Turkey in terms of (a) participants, (b) providers, and (c) program areas. The data were derived from published statistical data and one-to-one interaction with adult education providers when such data are unavailable. Turkey has a long tradition of adult education with…

  1. Adults Role in Bullying

    Science.gov (United States)

    Notar, Charles E.; Padgett, Sharon

    2013-01-01

    Do adults play a role in bullying? Do parents, teachers, school staff, and community adult leaders influence bullying behavior in children and teenagers? This article will focus on research regarding all adults who have almost daily contact with children and teens and their part in how bullying is identified, addressed, and prevented. This article…

  2. Sexuality in Older Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    MENU Return to Web version Sexuality in Older Adults Sexuality in Older Adults What are the benefits of a healthy sex life for older adults? Sex is ... concerns, and acknowledge new relationships with respect. Bibliography Sexuality in Later Life by National Institute on Aging ( ...

  3. Post-operaist readings of Marxian ‘Fragment on Machines” in the light of their critiques.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krystian Szadkowski

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Text undertakes a much needed contextual and critical reading of Marxian„Fragment on Machines” from the Grundrisse. The crucial thesis states that despitethe seeming crisis of the post-operaist Marxism, theoretical intuitions formulatedby thinkers like Negri, Virno, Vercellone are still valid. Three various but interrelatedtypes of post-operaist reading are presented here in detail to support theargument: the political, the philosophical and the historico-economical. In thelast part of the paper they are confronted with three main lines of critique of thepost-operaist readings: the philological, the political-economic and the „political”.Through such a confrontation some of the arguments are refuted and reevaluated.

  4. La critique de l’historicisme par Jacob Burckhardt : genèse et validité

    OpenAIRE

    Boehm, Gottfried

    2011-01-01

    Un siècle après sa mort Jacob Burckhardt, auteur de la Civilisation de la Renaissance en Italie, continue à susciter des critiques chez les historiens peu disposés à apprécier le principe de la jouissance esthétique. La distance qu’il observe par rapport à l’objectivisme historique ne l’a pas empêché de travailler sur la base de sources érudites et d’esquisser des perspectives dont pourrait se réclamer l’histoire sociale. Pourtant la méthode de Burckhardt se dévoile surtout dans sa manière d’...

  5. Comment on the critique of the paper 'ERP and management accounting changes of industrial enterprises in Serbia'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malinić Slobodan

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the paper 'ERP and Management Accounting Changes of Industrial Enterprises in Serbia' was to investigate one specific aspect of management accounting, precisely the changes of management accounting under the influence of modern information technologies. Therefore, our aim was neither to criticize nor to promote SAP (or some other ERP software. SAP is one of the best, most popular and most widely accepted ERP software in Serbia. That was the main reason for choosing SAP for our research. The main objective of this Comment is an attempt to point out the differences in expressed opinions, which are mainly the result of different ideas and aspects of the analysis and points of view of our paper. We consider the mentioned critique to be well-intentioned and useful, primarily for the authors of the paper, but also for the users of the results of our paper, as well as the reputation of the journal Industrija.

  6. Le système des brevets : idées reçues et critiques

    OpenAIRE

    Encaoua, David; Madiès, Thierry

    2012-01-01

    Cet article propose une réflexion générale sur le système des brevets. Trois questions sont d'abord examinées : 1. Le brevet favorise-t-il l'innovation ? 2. La propriété intellectuelle est-elle comparable aux autres formes de propriété ? 3. La protection par le brevet est-elle complémentaire de la concurrence ? Deux critiques fondamentales sont ensuite adressées : 1. L'attribution abusive d'un brevet à des nombreuses demandes ne satisfaisant pas les critères de brevetabilité, ce qui pose la q...

  7. The Primacy of Cognition or of Perception? A Phenomenological Critique of the Theoretical Bases of Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahlin, Bo

    This paper is a phenomenological critique of a particular trend in educational research and practice, which is identified as cognitivism. The basic feature of this trend is a one-sided and exclusive focus on conceptual cognition and concept formation, with a simultaneous neglect of sense experience. It is argued that this kind of thinking is the result of the reception by education of epistemological theories, which have an objective alien to that of education, which is the all-round development of human personality. The discussion draws mainly upon the philosophies of Dewey, Husserl and Merleau-Ponty. It is argued that present, mainstream theories of science education need to be complemented with phenomenological perspectives. This would make the transition from immediate life world experience to the idealizations of scientific theories less difficult for students. It would also contribute towards less alienation between man and nature.

  8. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder among Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Children Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Eating Disorders Among Adults - Anorexia Nervosa Eating Disorders Among Adults - Binge Eating Disorder Eating ... Children Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Eating Disorders Among Adults - Anorexia Nervosa Eating Disorders Among Adults - Binge Eating Disorder Eating ...

  9. A Review of Approaches for the Design of Li-Ion BMS Estimation Functions Revue de différentes approches pour l’estimation de l’état de charge de batteries Li-ion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Di Domenico D.

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at comparing different approaches for the estimation of the state of charge of lithium-ion batteries. The main advantages as well as the critical points of the considered techniques are analyzed, highlighting the impact of the cell model precision and complexity on the estimator performance. Among others, the electrical equivalent circuit based technique is selected for further development. The results of a complete procedure from the cell characterization to the online estimation are illustrated. The experimental tests based on the data collected on batteries testing facilities of IFP Energies nouvelles show that the proposed strategy allows a satisfying state of charge real time estimation. Cet article vise à comparer différentes approches pour l’estimation de l’état de charge pour les batteries Li-ion. Les principaux avantages ainsi que les points critiques des différentes techniques sont analysés, en soulignant l’impact de la complexité et de la précision du modèle sur les performances de l’estimateur. La procédure complète, allant de la caractérisation de la cellule jusqu’à l’estimation en ligne de l’état de charge, est présentée pour la modélisation par circuit électrique équivalent. Les tests expérimentaux sur la base des données acquises au laboratoire batteries d’IFP Energies nouvelles montrent que cette stratégie permet d’obtenir un estimateur en temps réel de l’état de charge présentant de bonnes performances.

  10. Penser à la limite : pour une lecture critique de Jacques Rancière

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Seurat

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available L’article se propose, à partir d’une lecture de l’esthétique de Jacques Rancière, d’étudier la façon dont on peut exploiter celle-ci dans le champ de l’histoire littéraire. L’originalité de Rancière vient notamment de ce que, prenant acte des contradictions actuelles qui pèsent sur la notion de postmoderne et, du même coup, sur celle de moderne, il insiste sur la césure de la Révolution esthétique et propose une lecture discontinuiste de l’histoire des arts. Mais poser une discontinuité très forte au seuil de l’âge esthétique peut conduire à réintroduire du continu à d’autres niveaux. Il est donc nécessaire de voir en quoi Rancière, en confrontant la littérature à son existence historique, oblige l’interprétation historique à faire face à ses conditions littéraires d’existence : la constitution même de l’objet historique se voit ainsi problématisée. La pensée rancièrienne nous invite à nous placer à la limite, à privilégier le dissensus, la disjonction, sur la réduction consensuelle des problèmes, et du même coup à interroger toute notre approche critique.The article explores a way to appropriate Jacques Rancière’s aesthetics in the field of literary history. A part of Rancière’s originality comes from the fact that, bearing in mind the contradictions that undermine the notion of the post-modern as well as that of the modern, he insists upon the break provoked by the Aesthetic Revolution, and proposes a discontinuous reading of the history of the arts. But postulating such a discontinuity at the beginning of the Aesthetic Age can lead to a reintroduction of continuity at other levels. It is therefore necessary to see how, by confronting literature with its historical existence, Rancière forces historical interpretation in turn to face its literary conditions of existence: thus, the constitution of the historical object itself becomes a problem. Rancière’s thought invites

  11. A review and critique of assessment instruments for patients with persistent pain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen Grimmer-Somers

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Karen Grimmer-Somers1, Nic Vipond2, Saravana Kumar1, Gillian Hall21Centre for Allied Health Evidence, University of South Australia, Australia; 2Accident Compensation Corporation, Wellington, New Zealand Background: Early identification of individuals at risk of developing persistent pain is important to decrease unnecessary treatment costs and disability. However there is scant comprehensive information readily available to assist clinicians to choose appropriate assessment instruments with sound psychometric and clinical properties.Objective: A national insurer commissioned the development of a compendium of assessment instruments to identify adults with, or at-risk of developing, persistent pain. This paper reports on the instrument identification and review process.Methods: A comprehensive systematic literature review was undertaken of assessment instruments for persistent pain of noncancer origin, and their developmental literature. Only assessment instruments which were developed for patients with pain, or tested on them, were included. A purpose-built ‘Ready Reckoner’ scored psychometric properties and clinical utility.Results: One hundred sixteen potentially useful instruments were identified, measuring severity, psychological, functional and/or quality of life constructs of persistent pain. Forty-five instruments were short-listed, with convincing psychometric properties and clinical utility. There were no standard tests for psychometric properties, and considerable overlap of instrument purpose, item construct, wording, and scoring.Conclusion: No one assessment instrument captured all the constructs of persistent pain. While the compendium focuses clinicians’ choices, multiple instruments are required for comprehensive assessment of adults with persistent pain.Keywords: persistent pain, assessment, psychometric properties, evidence-base, clinical utility

  12. Adult attachment styles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maša Žvelc

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Theory of attachment primarily described early relationships between a child and his caretakers. In the last twenty years there is a growing interest in adult attachment research. Theories and research findings of adult attachment stem from two different methodological approaches. The first approach measures adult attachment through Adult Attachment Interview (AAI; Main, 1991 where the attachment is assessed through the narratives of adult people of their early child experiences with their primary caretakers. The second approach measures adult attachment with the help of self-evaluative questionnaires, developed by (a Hazan and Shaver (1987 who started this approach in the field of personality and social psychology, and (b Bartholomew and Horowitz (1991. Research shows that there is significant correlation between early and adult attachment style. Attachment styles are passed from generation to generation. Basic adult attachment styles are: securely attached, preoccupied, fearful-avoidant, dismissing-avoidant and disorganized. Previous research using Barholomew and Horowitz (1991 Relationship Questionnaire on 176 Slovenian students showed that 48% students are securely attached, 29% are fearful-avoidant, 10% are dismissing-avoidant, and 13% have preoccupied attachment style. Theory of attachment is very useful for understanding the behavior and subjective experiences of children and adults. It is applicable to different contexts (psychotherapy, counseling, education .... The paper proposes further research focused on integration of adult attachment styles and types of object relations measured by Test of object relations (Žvelc, 1998 and Pictorial test of Separation and Individuation (Žvelc, 2003.

  13. Adult congenital heart disease

    OpenAIRE

    Morphet, John AM

    2006-01-01

    One million people over the age of 20 suffer from congenital heart disease in the United States. These adult patients can slip through the cracks of our medical system; many are too old to be cared for in most pediatric institutions by pediatric cardiologists and, unfortunately, most adult cardiologists are not trained in congenital heart disease. Therefore, it is important to identify the common lesions in adult congenital heart disease and how they should be managed. Acyanotic congenital he...

  14. Culture And Adult Immigrants

    OpenAIRE

    Andersen, Tamar Barbara; Fogde, Anne-Sofie; Rasmussen, Ditte Ninna; Uski, Juha Janne Olavi

    2005-01-01

    "Culture and adult immigrants" is a project about integration of adult immigrants into the Danish society. It is based on an integration theory by Charlotte Hamburger and a culture theory by Thomas Hylland Eriksen and Torunn Arntsen Sørheim. The two theories conclude in a joined analysis of language school material from the language centre of Roskilde, in search for an answer to the question if and how the Danish language education supports the integration of adult immigrants into the D...

  15. Quand la force enfonce des portes ouvertes. Analyse du traitement de Star Wars Episode VII par la critique professionnelle et amateure.

    OpenAIRE

    Krywicki, Boris

    2016-01-01

    On a rarement aperçu des phénomènes cinématographiques de l’ampleur de Star Wars. La plupart des séances étaient déjà complètes plusieurs semaines avant la sortie du dernier épisode. Les spectateurs sont tous conquis en amont par ce messie monolithique. Quand il s'agit d'aborder un film-événement comme Star Wars, la critique de cinéma se cherche. Les timides tentatives de la rigide presse professionnelle qui hésite toujours à critiquer les productions hollywoodiennes font face à des vidéos de...

  16. Medications and Older Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... older adults and often require the use of antihistamines. Antihistamines are divided into two classes: first generation antihistamines and second generation antihistamines. First generation antihistamines, while ...

  17. Approaches to gender equity in science education : two initiatives in sub-Saharan Africa seen through a lens derived from feminist critique of science

    OpenAIRE

    Astrid Tonette Sinnes

    2004-01-01

    In this thesis, I explore whether feminist critique of science can shed new light on how gender equity in science education can be achieved. Drawing on feminist theory, I develop a theoretical framework that I use to analyse how two science education initiatives work towards increased gender equity in science education in sub-Saharan Africa. All studies and initiatives addressing gender issues in science education reflect perceptions of how sex/gender1 impacts pupils’ engagement in scientific...

  18. A critique of the design, implementation, and delivery of a culturally-tailored self-management education intervention: a qualitative evaluation

    OpenAIRE

    Sidhu, Manbinder S; Gale, Nicola K; Gill, Paramjit; Marshall, Tom; Jolly, Kate

    2015-01-01

    Background Self-management education is at the forefront of addressing the increasing prevalence of chronic diseases. For those at greatest risk, such as minority-ethnic and/or socio-economically deprived groups, self-management education can be culturally-tailored to encourage behavioural change. Yet, the application of culturally appropriate material and expertise within health promotion services continues to be debated. We critique the design, implementation, and delivery of a culturally-t...

  19. La téléologie critique et ses paradigmes scientifiques. Sur la méthode de l’Histoire selon Kant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gérard Raulet

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Les textes de Kant sur l’histoire sont souvent traités comme secondaires par les philosophes qui travaillent sur les systèmes de pensée, tandis que certains interprètes les qualifient de « quatrième critique ». La thèse défendue ici est que l’intervention de la critique kantienne dans le champ des pratiques et des réflexions historiques constitue un tournant décisif. Au moment où l’idée de progrès s’affirme contre les deux paradigmes dominants de l’histoire locale et de la théodicée chrétienne, était nécessaire un traitement critique de la notion même de progrès qui soit à la hauteur du défi scientifique : établir la légitimité d’une science historique, pour autant qu’elle soit possible. Trois modèles de sciences constituent l’horizon de scientificité que l’histoire doit viser même si elle ne doit jamais l’atteindre : l’astronomie, la physique et la biologie. La téléologie est au cœur de cette entreprise, elle en est l’instrument. Elle est au cœur de l’entreprise parce qu’elle est par ailleurs aussi la science de la vie interne des organismes. C’est donc à partir de la téléologie, de l’opposition entre son usage « dogmatique » dans les sciences naturelles, « critique » dans la science historique, que nous entreprenons ici de cerner la question de la « science de l’histoire » chez Kant.

  20. May the blessed Man win: a critique of the categorical preference for natural talent over doping as proper origins of athletic ability

    OpenAIRE

    Bonte, Pieter; Pennings, Guido; Sterckx, Sigrid

    2014-01-01

    Doping scandals can reveal unresolved tensions between the meritocratic values of equal opportunity + reward for effort and the "talentocratic" love of hereditary privilege. Whence this special reverence for talent? We analyze the following arguments: (1) talent is a unique indicator of greater potential, whereas doping enables only temporary boosts (the fluke critique); (2) developing a talent is an authentic endeavor of "becoming who you are,"whereas reforming the fundamentals of your birth...

  1. Exposition précoce au cholestérol et risque cardiovasculaire à l’âge adulte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Jean-Charles

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Le lait maternel apporte au nourrisson l’équivalent de 5 à 10 fois la quantité de cholestérol de celle d’un adulte. En comparaison, les laits infantiles historiquement fabriqués à base de graisses laitières apportaient également du cholestérol au nourrisson mais en quantité moindre en raison d’une dilution avec les graisses végétales utilisées pour ajuster les apports. Ce contraste lait maternel/laits infantiles s’est encore creusé depuis une vingtaine d’années en raison d’un usage maintenant quasi-systématique des matières grasses végétales dans les formules commercialisées en Europe. Des études épidémiologiques suffisamment nombreuses comparant l’allaitement à l’alimentation aux formules soulignent un risque de maladie cardiovasculaire à l’âge adulte supérieur chez les enfants initialement alimentés aux formules. Des études animales, bien qu’incomplètes, suggèrent qu’il existe une programmation précoce du métabolisme du cholestérol liée à la nature des apports initiaux en ce stérol. Cette programmation est susceptible de retentir à long terme sur la cholestérolémie et le risque cardiovasculaire. Le point sur les données disponibles est livré dans cette revue, ainsi que les moyens possibles à mettre en œuvre pour répondre à la question de l’importance des apports en cholestérol en période néonatale.

  2. Criminology and Socio- Cultural Aspects of the Anti-Dowry Law in India: A Feminist Critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Varma Chitwan

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In India, the custom of dowry [payment of cash /gifts from the bride family to the bridegroom's family at marriage] not only encouraged parents to be sex selective and abort female embryos [causing skewed sex ratio] and greedy husbands and in-laws to torture and burn brides if their demands were not satiated, it also lowered women status/equality drastically. As a political positive corrective and feminist intervention the government not only banned dowry, it also introduced section 498-A in the Indian Penal Code - a non -bailable, non-compoundable and cognizable offence, against husband or relative, on cruelty to a married woman. But the law is dysfunctional due to lack of awareness, illiteracy, socio-cultural factors & joint family system. Sometimes all the adults of the family are put in jail along with infants, just on complaint, without investigations with school going children left alone to fend for themselves. On the basis of data of four districts of Bundelkhand in India where more than 40% of women jail inmates are under trials for s498A, the paper questions the criminology and impact of reforms/laws alone to curtail gender-based violence, when the basic values within the family, community and state remain patriarchal and against women.

  3. Adult Education Regional Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    California Community Colleges, Chancellor's Office, 2015

    2015-01-01

    For more than one hundred and fifty years, until 2008, California was an undisputed national leader in its commitment to adult education. The state's investment in adult learners topped $750 million, a sum greater than the combined total of every other state in the nation. However, for the past several years recession and fiscal crisis have left…

  4. Adult learning in modernity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Palle

    2007-01-01

    The paper discusses the conditions for the growth of adult education in modern societies. It is argued that in modern adult life individual biographical reflection plays an increasing role, not only for educational and occupational choice but also in the process of identity formation and emotional...

  5. Toward Transpersonal Adult Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boucouvalas, Marcie

    2016-01-01

    As a foundation for discussing transpersonal adult development, the author traces her trajectory, involvement in, and contribution to the modern transpersonal movement and her introduction of it to the adult learning literature, beginning during the early 1980s. Highlighted are the transpersonal domain and a differentiation between transpersonal…

  6. Authenticity in Adult Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashton, Sam

    2010-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the relationship between authenticity and adult learning and prompted by some studies in which adult "authentic learning" is a central concept. The implication revealed by them is that real-worldness of learning contexts, learning content and learning tasks is perceived as conferring authenticity on learning. Here,…

  7. Adult Learning and Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubenson, Kjell, Ed.

    2011-01-01

    As individuals and societies try to respond to fundamental economic and social transformation, the field of adult learning and education is rapidly getting increased attention and new topics for research on adult learning have emerged. This collection of articles from the International Encyclopedia of Education 3e offers practitioners and…

  8. Adults with pertussis

    OpenAIRE

    MacLean, D. W.

    1982-01-01

    Eighty adults were diagnosed in one general practice as having infection due to Bordetella pertussis, type 1.3, during a period of 30 months. Their clinical presentation and progress is recorded. A plea is made for attention to be paid to this infection in adults.

  9. Adult Education in Finland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szekely, Radu

    2006-01-01

    Ever since the first ideas of national independence appeared in Finland, adult education has played an essential role in shaping the destiny of the Finns. With a history of almost 130 years, during which it has continuously increased in quality and quantity, the Finnish adult education system has ensured that Finland stays among the most…

  10. The Volatility of National Identification: A Mix-Method Pilot Study of Taiwanese Young Adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frank C.S. Liu

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available One important critique of deliberative democracy and the practice of public forum is the extent to which controversial, moral, or symbolic issues can be well deliberated through oral discussion. This study attempted to apply multiple methods to study the dynamics of discussion about determining the name of Taiwan. Six young adults, selected from a telephone survey, were invited to attend a forum to discuss a series of political issues, including this most sensitive and controversial issues in Taiwan. The choices of each participant (preferring a new name for Republic of China or continuing to use the old one in the telephone survey and the group discussion were recorded. Three participants who changed their choices during the deliberation process were interviewed.

  11. The effect of the internet on teen and young adult tobacco use: a literature review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forsyth, Susan R; Kennedy, Christine; Malone, Ruth E

    2013-01-01

    Research has shown that a positive association exists between exposure to smoking imagery, such as that found in movies and print advertising, and the subsequent uptake of cigarette smoking. Children appear to be especially vulnerable to advertising messaging and other positive portrayals of smoking, given that most adult smokers develop the habit before age 18 years. Although many traditional types of media have been studied, the current generation of youth is growing up as digital natives, with young people increasingly using the Internet for entertainment and to obtain information. Currently the Internet is an essentially unregulated marketplace of ideas and images. However, the effect of the Internet on teen smoking initiation has received little attention in studies. In this literature review, we summarize and critique the existing work, identify current knowledge gaps, and offer suggestions to health care providers about how to address this issue. PMID:22521497

  12. Ipilimumab for Previously Untreated Unresectable Malignant Melanoma: A Critique of the Evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giannopoulou, Christina; Sideris, Eleftherios; Wade, Ros; Moe-Byrne, Thirimon; Eastwood, Alison; McKenna, Claire

    2015-12-01

    The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) invited the manufacturer of ipilimumab (Bristol-Myers Squibb Pharmaceuticals Limited) to submit clinical and cost-effectiveness evidence for previously untreated advanced (unresectable or metastatic) melanoma as part of the Institute's Single Technology Appraisal process. The Centre for Reviews and Dissemination and Centre for Health Economics at the University of York were commissioned to act as the independent Evidence Review Group (ERG). This article presents a summary of the manufacturer's submission of ipilimumab, the ERG review and the resulting NICE guidance TA319, issued in July 2014. Ipilimumab at a recommended dose of 3 mg/kg monotherapy was previously granted marketing authorisation by the European Medicines Agency in adult patients who had received prior therapy and was recommended by NICE in guidance TA268. In October 2013, the EMA approved the extension of this indication to previously untreated advanced melanoma patients. NICE decisions are bound by the marketing authorisation; therefore, the decision problem faced by the NICE Appraisal Committee was whether ipilimumab at a recommended dose of 3 mg/kg monotherapy was effective and cost effective compared with first-line standard of care involving dacarbazine (DTIC) and vemurafenib (for BRAF V600 mutation-positive patients). The CA184-024 trial was the primary source of clinical evidence for ipilimumab. However, this was based on a dose of 10 mg/kg with concomitant DTIC. The results over a 5-year period indicated that ipilimumab 10 mg/kg plus DTIC demonstrated a significant increase in median overall survival (OS) of 2.1 months compared with DTIC plus placebo (11.2 vs. 9.1 months). The BRIM-3 trial, which was an open-label randomised controlled trial (RCT) in BRAF V600 mutation-positive patients, was the primary source of evidence for an indirect comparison with vemurafenib. The results showed that vemurafenib increased median OS by 3

  13. Adult and lifelong education

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Milana, Marcella; Holford, John; Mohorčič Špolar, Vida

    2014-01-01

    The contributions published in this special issue of Globalisation, Societies and Education draw from an international conference “Trans-nationalization of Educational Policy Making: Implications for Adult and Lifelong Learning”, held in Nottingham on 10-12 February 2012. The conference...... and lifelong education. Accordingly, the focus was on on-going analysis and reflections on the implications for adult and lifelong education policies of globalization, and the trans-nationalization of decision-making that comes with it. This special issue brings together a first selection of papers presented...... was organised by the Research Network on Policy Studies on Adult Education, established under the auspices of the European Society for the Research on the Education of Adults (ESREA). The aim of the conference was to explore how globalisation affects agency and policy processes in the area of adult and lifelong...

  14. Gender Dysphoria in Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zucker, Kenneth J; Lawrence, Anne A; Kreukels, Baudewijntje P C

    2016-03-28

    Gender dysphoria (GD), a term that denotes persistent discomfort with one's biologic sex or assigned gender, replaced the diagnosis of gender identity disorder in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders in 2013. Subtypes of GD in adults, defined by sexual orientation and age of onset, have been described; these display different developmental trajectories and prognoses. Prevalence studies conclude that fewer than 1 in 10,000 adult natal males and 1 in 30,000 adult natal females experience GD, but such estimates vary widely. GD in adults is associated with an elevated prevalence of comorbid psychopathology, especially mood disorders, anxiety disorders, and suicidality. Causal mechanisms in GD are incompletely understood, but genetic, neurodevelopmental, and psychosocial factors probably all contribute. Treatment of GD in adults, although largely standardized, is likely to evolve in response to the increasing diversity of persons seeking treatment, demands for greater client autonomy, and improved understanding of the benefits and limitations of current treatment modalities. PMID:26788901

  15. Occupy Wall Street as Immanent Critique: Why IR Theory Needs a ‘Mic Check!’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicholas J. Kiersey

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The recent movements that have emerged across the world to ‘occupy’ various public spaces present an immanent critique of the contemporary arrangements of global politics – one that theorists of International Relations (IR and International Political Economy(IPE should reflect on with some urgency. Emerging from a complex intertext including, but by no means limited to, anarchist and neo-Marxist frameworks, the movement has called for a recognition and appraisal of the ‘communism of everyday life’. Resonating with arguments made in Hardt and Negri’s Commonwealth (2009, as well as David Graeber's Debt: The First 5000 Years (2011, the movements appear to wish to draw attention to a dominant capitalist ontology which denies the highly distributed and social nature of the way in which real value production takes place today. In this context, they argue, the burden of debt that the 99% must endure merely to maintain a dignified standard of living bespeaks the erosion of any semblance of democracy in the allocation of social wealth...

  16. Refugee Quota Trading within the Context of EU-ENP Cooperation: Rational, Bounded Rational and Ethical Critiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mollie Gerver

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available In 1997 Peter Schuck proposed a ‘refugee quota trading’ mechanism, whereby countries voluntarily form a union, each country accepting a quota of refugees and able to buy and sell the quota to other states within and even outside of the union. Today, the EU arguably has a de facto cash transfer mechanism both within the EU and between the EU and European Neighbourhood Policy countries. This article explores the question of refugee quota trading, explaining why current EU policy fails to increase refugee protection. Throughout the critique, states are treated either as rational actors or actors with present-preference bias, the latter largely ignored in current discussions on international refugee ‘burden sharing’. In addition, the ethics of refugee quota trading is presented using arguments distinct from that of Anker et al. (1998 who argue that refugee quota trading creates a ‘commodification’ of refugees. One could argue that refugees’ protection is being commodified, not refugees themselves. However, when states are provided funds not to deport refugees, this can be a type of reward for not taking an action that states ought to follow regardless of the reward. Just as there are non-utilitarian reasons not to rely on rewards alone for lowering the crime rates for heinous crimes within states, there may be non-utilitarian arguments against refugee quota trading.

  17. Crítica científica e modelos interpretativos em Nietzsche Scientific critique and interpretative models in Nietzsche

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Barros

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir da denúncia da contraditória presença de pressupostos morais dogmáticos na formulação dos princípios norteadores da atividade científica, Nietzsche concebe uma outra noção de cientificidade, compatível com a opção hegemônica pelo saber, que ele reconhece como presente na cultura ocidental. O presente artigo visa a discutir sob quais parâmetros Nietzsche, no período intermediário de sua produção filosófica, empreende sua interpretação da cientificidade ocidental e como, apresentando-se como seu fomentador, ele formula uma crítica desmistificadora desta.From the denounce of the contradictory presence of dogmatic moral presuppositions in the formulation of scientific activity principles, Nietzsche conceives another notion of science compatible with the hegemonic option for knowledge, which he recognizes as present in occidental culture. This article intends to discuss on which parameters Nietzsche, in the intermediary period of his philosophical production, proposes his interpretation of occidental science and formulates a demystifying critique of it.

  18. Un-thought out metaphysics in analytical psychology: a critique of Jung's epistemological basis for psychic reality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks, Robin McCoy

    2011-09-01

    The author investigates the relation of Kant, Schopenhauer and Heidegger to Jung's attempts to formulate theory regarding the epistemological conundrum of what can and what cannot be known and what must remain uncertain. Jung's ambivalent use and misuse of Kant's division of the world into phenomenal and noumenal realms is highlighted in discussion of concepts such as the psychoid archetype which he called 'esse in anima' and his use of Schopenhauer's concept of 'will' to justify a transcendence of the psyche/soma divide in a postulation of a 'psychoid' realm. Finally, the author describes Jung's reaction to Heidegger's theories via his assertion that Heidegger's 'pre-given world design' was an alternate formulation of his concept of the archetypes. An underlying theme of the paper is a critique of Jung's foundationalism which perpetuates the myth of an isolated mind. This model of understanding subjectivity is briefly contrasted with Heidegger's 'fundamental ontology' which focuses on a non-Cartesian 'understanding' of the 'presencing of being' in everyday social and historical contexts. PMID:21884095

  19. Critica della teoria neoclassica della crescita e della distribuzione (A Critique of the Neoclassical Theory of Growth and Income Distribution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luigi Pasinetti

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper surveys the main theories of income distribution in their relationship with the theories of economic growth. First, the Classical approach is considered, focusing on the Ricardian theory. Then the neoclassical theory is discussed, highlighting its origins (Bohm-Bawerk, Wicksell, Clark and the role of the aggregate production function. The emergence of a "Keynesian" theory of income distribution in the wake of Harrod's model of growth is then recalled together with the surprising resurgence of the neoclassical theory (following the contributions of Solow and Meade. But, as the paper shows, the neoclassical theory of income distribution lacks logical consistency and has shaky foundations, as has been revealed by the severe critiques moved to the neoclassical production function. Mainstream economic literature circumvents this problem by simply ignoring it; while the models of endogenous growth exclude the issue of distribution theory from their consideration. However, while mainstream economics bypasses the problems of income distribution, this is too relevant an issue to be ignored and a number of new research lines, briefly surveyed, try new approaches to it.          JEL Codes: O41, E25Keywords: Distribution, Economic Growth, Growth, Income Distribution, Income

  20. Critique of the review of 'Water fluoridation for the prevention of dental caries' published by the Cochrane Collaboration in 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rugg-Gunn, A J; Spencer, A J; Whelton, H P; Jones, C; Beal, J F; Castle, P; Cooney, P V; Johnson, J; Kelly, M P; Lennon, M A; McGinley, J; O'Mullane, D; Sgan-Cohen, H D; Sharma, P P; Thomson, W M; Woodward, S M; Zusman, S P

    2016-04-01

    The Cochrane Review on water fluoridation for the prevention of dental caries was published in 2015 and attracted considerable interest and comment, especially in countries with extensive water fluoridation programmes. The Review had two objectives: (i) to evaluate the effects of water fluoridation (artificial or natural) on the prevention of dental caries, and (ii) to evaluate the effects of water fluoridation (artificial or natural) on dental fluorosis. The authors concluded, inter alia, that there was very little contemporary evidence, meeting the Review's inclusion criteria, that evaluated the effectiveness of water fluoridation for the prevention of dental caries. The purpose of this critique is to examine the conduct of the above Review, and to put it into context in the wider body of evidence regarding the effectiveness of water fluoridation. While the overall conclusion that water fluoridation is effective in caries prevention agrees with previous reviews, many important public health questions could not be answered by the Review because of the restrictive criteria used to judge adequacy of study design and risk of bias. The potential benefits of using wider criteria in order to achieve a fuller understanding of the effectiveness of water fluoridation are discussed. PMID:27056513

  1. ‘THE TIME OF NO ROOM’: TOWARDS A THEOLOGICAL CRITIQUE OF CONTEMPORARY ATTEMPTS AT EARTH MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel P. Castillo

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This essay offers a theological critique of contemporary attempts to economically price the earth. It does so by drawing an analogy between pricing and the biblical act of ‘naming.’ In particular, this essay considers two forms of naming found in scripture: 1 the human person’s task of naming the animals, as described in Gen. 2:19; and 2 the work of ‘name-taking’ via census (here I focus especially on the Lukan account’s reference to the Roman imperial census.The rationality underlying each of these forms of naming is examined leading to the conclusion that the act of naming in Genesis is shaped by the desire to serve that which is named, while the act of naming in Luke is shaped by the desire to press that which is named into service. The essay concludes by arguing that the dominant regime of pricing and earth management bears a strong resemblance to the dominative logic that characterizes the Roman imperial census. doi: 10.7833/111-1-11

  2. Dementia: Unique to Older Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... our e-newsletter! Aging & Health A to Z Dementia Unique to Older Adults This section provides information ... Managing Additional Health Problems in Older Adults with Dementia Dementia is rare in adults younger than 60. ...

  3. Adult Education in the Seventies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Indian Adult Education Association, New Delhi.

    The proceedings of the 24th All India Adult Education Conference highlight two symposia, "Adult Education and Urban Development" and "Adult Education and Green Revolution." Commission Reports on the two symposia are given. (DB)

  4. Young Adult Smoking Behavior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ling, Pamela M.; Neilands, Torsten B.; Glantz, Stanton A.

    2009-01-01

    Background Young adults have the highest smoking rate of any age group in the U.S., and new strategies to decrease young adult smoking are needed. The objective of the current study was to identify psychographic and demographic factors associated with current smoking and quitting behaviors among young adults. Methods Attitudes, social groups, and self-descriptors, including supporting action against the tobacco industry, advertising receptivity, depression, alcohol use, and other factors associated with smoking were tested for associations with smoking behaviors in a 2005 cross-sectional survey of 1528 young adults (aged 18–25 years) from a web-enabled panel. Analyses were conducted in 2007. Results Being older was associated with current smoking, whereas having some higher education and being African American or Hispanic were negatively associated with smoking. Supporting action against the tobacco industry was negatively associated with smoking (AOR=0.34 [95% CI=0.22, 0.52]). Perceived usefulness of smoking, exposure to smokers, increased perceived smoking prevalence, receptivity to tobacco advertising, binge drinking, and exposure to tobacco advertising in bars and clubs were associated with smoking. Supporting action against the tobacco industry was associated with intentions to quit smoking (AOR= 4.43 [95% CI=2.18, 8.60]). Conclusions Young adults are vulnerable to tobacco-industry advertising. Media campaigns that denormalize the tobacco industry and appeal to young adults appear to be a powerful intervention to decrease young adult smoking. PMID:19269128

  5. Imaging of adult leukodystrophies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Costa Leite

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Leukodystrophies are genetically determined white matter disorders. Even though leukodystrophies essentially affect children in early infancy and childhood, these disorders may affect adults. In adults, leukodystrophies may present a distinct clinical and imaging presentation other than those found in childhood. Clinical awareness of late-onset leukodystrophies should be increased as new therapies emerge. MRI is a useful tool to evaluate white matter disorders and some characteristics findings can help the diagnosis of leukodystrophies. This review article briefly describes the imaging characteristics of the most common adult leukodystrophies.

  6. Adult soft tissue sarcoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/007654.htm Adult soft tissue sarcoma To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Soft tissue sarcoma is cancer that forms in the soft ...

  7. NOHSS Adult Indicators

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Data from BRFSS for indicators of adult oral health for 1999 and even years from 2002 through 2012. National estimates are represented by the median prevalence...

  8. NOHSS Adult Indicators

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — Data from BRFSS for indicators of adult oral health for 1999 and even years from 2002 through 2014. National estimates are represented by the median prevalence...

  9. [Advanced resuscitation of adults

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lippert, F.K.; Lauritsen, T.L.; Torp-Pedersen, C.

    2008-01-01

    International and European Resuscitation Council (ERC) Guidelines for Resuscitation 2005 implicate major changes in resuscitation, including new universal treatment algorithms. This brief summary of Guidelines 2005 for advanced resuscitation of adult cardiac arrest victims is based upon the ERC...

  10. CPR - adult - slideshow

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/presentations/100219.htm CPR - adult - series To use the sharing features on ... A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics CPR A.D.A.M., Inc. is accredited by ...

  11. Mosquito, adult (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    This illustration shows an adult southern house mosquito. This mosquito feeds on blood and is the carrier of many diseases, such as encephalitis, West Nile, dengue fever, yellow fever, and others. ( ...

  12. Pneumonia - adults (community acquired)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... going to the bathroom After changing a baby's diaper After coming in contact with people who are ... pneumoniae. Vaccines are even more important for older adults and people with diabetes, asthma, emphysema, HIV, cancer, ...

  13. Urinary tract infection - adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    A urinary tract infection, or UTI, is an infection of the urinary tract. The infection can occur at different points in ... al. Diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of catheter-associated ... in adults: 2009 International Clinical Practice Guidelines from ...

  14. Motivation and Adult Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, J. Rodney

    1982-01-01

    The author reviews theories of human motivation: Lewin's force field analysis, Skinner's operant reinforcement theory, and Maslow's hierarchy of needs. He then extracts the implications of these theories for adult learning. SK)

  15. Adults Living with OI

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... For Parents Adults Youth Medical Professionals Media About OI Information & Support Research & Studies Donate How to Help The Foundation Events Shop Facts About OI Types of OI Myths About OI OI Stories ...

  16. Yoga and Older Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... My Go4Life Get Free Stuff Be a Partner Yoga and Older Adults Yoga is a mind and body practice that typically ... breathing exercises, and relaxation. Researchers are studying how yoga may help improve health and to learn more ...

  17. Participation in adult learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Desjardins, Richard

    2010-01-01

    This entry presents an internationally comparative overview of adult learning patterns. Emphasis is placed on who is participating in adult learning and the observed unequal chances to participate. The entry covers three overarching questions that are central to participation research: a) What...... is the extent of participation? b) Who is participating? c) Why are certain people or groups participating, either more or less, or not at all?...

  18. Adult Attachment and Psychotherapy

    OpenAIRE

    Rietzschel, Julia

    2012-01-01

    This thesis explores the association between adult attachment and psychological therapy by examining attachment as an outcome variable of therapy, as well as a predictor of therapy outcome. The literature review systematically explores research that has examined changes in attachment representations during psychological therapy. The purpose of the review is to enhance understanding of change processes in adult attachment and to provide empirical support to the premises of attachment theory. I...

  19. Adult medulloblastoma: multiagent chemotherapy.

    OpenAIRE

    Greenberg, H. S.; Chamberlain, M. C.; Glantz, M J; Wang, S.

    2001-01-01

    In this study, the records of 17 adult patients with medulloblastoma treated with craniospinal radiation and 1 of 2 multiagent chemotherapy protocols were reviewed for progression-free survival, overall survival, and toxicity, and the patients were compared with each other and with similarly treated children and adults. Records of patients treated at 3 institutions were reviewed. Seventeen medulloblastoma patients (11 female, 6 male) with a median age of 23 years (range, 18-47 years) were tre...

  20. Adult educators' core competences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wahlgren, Bjarne

    2016-05-01

    Which competences do professional adult educators need? This research note discusses the topic from a comparative perspective, finding that adult educators' required competences are wide-ranging, heterogeneous and complex. They are subject to context in terms of national and cultural environment as well as the kind of adult education concerned (e.g. basic education, work-related education etc.). However, it seems that it is possible to identify certain competence requirements which transcend national, cultural and functional boundaries. This research note summarises these common or "core" requirements, organising them into four thematic subcategories: (1) communicating subject knowledge; (2) taking students' prior learning into account; (3) supporting a learning environment; and (4) the adult educator's reflection on his or her own performance. At the end of his analysis of different competence profiles, the author notes that adult educators' ability to train adult learners in a way which then enables them to apply and use what they have learned in practice (thus performing knowledge transfer) still seems to be overlooked.