WorldWideScience

Sample records for adulte revue critique

  1. Repositioning Ideology Critique in a Critical Theory of Adult Learning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brookfield, Stephen

    2001-01-01

    Reexamines critical theory as a response to Marxism and repositions ideology critique as a crucial adult learning process. Argues that a critical theory of adult learning should focus on how adults learn to recognize and challenge ideological domination and manipulation. (Contains 31 references.) (SK)

  2. Molecular Weight and Association of Asphaltenes: a Critical Review Masse moléculaire et association des asphaltènes : une revue critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Speight J. G.

    2006-11-01

    Full Text Available The determination of asphaltene molecular weights is complicated by the tendency of asphaltene molecules to associate with each other and with other petroleum constituents, and reported molecular weights vary from 900 to 300 000. This paper reviews the methods (vapor pressure osmometry, size exclusion chromatography, ultrafiltration, ultracentrifugation, viscosity, small angle X-ray scattering, infrared spectroscopy, solubilization, and interfacial tension that have been used to estimate asphaltene molecular weights and to probe association phenomena. It is concluded that asphaltene fractions from typical crudes have a number average molecular weight of 1 200-2 700 and a molecular weight range of 1,000-10,000 or higher. Intermolecular association phenomena are primarily responsible for observed molecular weights up to and in excess of 100,000 but detailed mechanisms of the intermolecular associations are not well understood. Certain observations suggest that asphaltene molecules are associated in reversedmicelles and that asphaltenes interact selectively with resins although the evidence on these points is subject to alternate interpretations. H-bond interactions between asphaltenes and resins have been demonstrated. La détermination de la masse moléculaire des asphaltènes est difficile à cause de la tendance qu'ont les molécules d'asphaltènes à s'associer les unes aux autres et avec d'autres constituants des pétroles. Ces masses moléculaires varient de 900 à 300 000. Cet article passe en revue les méthodes (osmométrie par tension de vapeur, chromatographie d'exclusion stérique, ultrafiltration, ultracentrifugation, viscosité, diffusion centrale des rayons X, spectroscopie infra-rouge, solubilisation et tension interfaciale qui ont été utilisées pour estimer les masses moléculaires des asphaltènes et pour étudier les phénomènes d'association. On conclut que les asphaltènes extraits de bruts types ont des masses mol

  3. Revue noire, une histoire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean Loup Pivin

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Fig. 1 : Couverture du premier numéro de la Revue noire, 1991 Photographe anonyme. Titre: Ousmane Sow : Couple de lutteurs corps à corps, Nouba, 1987. Dimensions de l'image : 27,9 x 40 cm. Fonds : Revue noire. © Photo Revue noire Préambule Le premier numéro de cette revue de grand format, somptueusement illustrée, date de l’année 1991 et s’intitule « Ousmane Sow / African London ». Entièrement bilingue, Revue noire se donne pour objet de faire découvrir l’« African Contemporary Art / art co...

  4. "Foucault est vraiment exceptionnel" (Michel Foucault et Critique)

    OpenAIRE

    Patron, Sylvie

    2001-01-01

    Cet article prend place dans un dossier spécial de La Revue des revues intitulé "Michel Foucault en revues". Il commence par distinguer deux questions. Première question : que peut-on dire de la relation que Foucault a entretenu avec Critique ? a-t-elle quelque chose de spécifique ? Cette question est suscitée par la parution dans Critique de sept articles de Foucault, de huit articles et une note le concernant, et par son inscription au conseil de rédaction de la revue pendant une période de...

  5. Environmental Adult Education: Critique and Creativity in a Globalizing World.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clover, Darlene E.

    2003-01-01

    Among the ecological implications of globalization are war and social instability, production and consumption, corporatization and marketing, and environmental racism and sexism. Environmental adult education provides a space to examine negative impacts from multiple perspectives and reassert a focus on democracy. (Contains 37 references.) (SK)

  6. La Revue Tunisienne de Communication

    OpenAIRE

    Chaudet, Bruno

    2015-01-01

    Moez Ben Massoud, rédacteur en chef de la Revue Tunisienne de Communication « La revue est l’une des plus anciennes du genre dans le monde arabe et africain » Quelle est la date de naissance de cette Revue ? La Revue Tunisienne de Communication « RTC » est une publication scientifique semestrielle publiée par l’IPSI (Institut de Presse et des Sciences de l’Information) depuis 1982. C’est l’une des plus anciennes revues du genre dans le monde arabe et africain. Et c’est l’une des rares publica...

  7. Canon Fodder: Young Adult Literature as a Tool for Critiquing Canonicity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hateley, Erica

    2013-01-01

    Young adult literature is a tool of socialisation and acculturation for young readers. This extends to endowing "reading" with particular significance in terms of what literature should be read and why. This paper considers some recent young adult fiction with an eye to its engagement with canonical literature and its representations of…

  8. Bridging the Gap between Human Resource Development and Adult Education: Part One, Assumptions, Definitions, and Critiques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hatcher, Tim; Bowles, Tuere

    2013-01-01

    Human resource development (HRD) as a scholarly endeavor and as a practice is often criticized in the adult education (AE) literature and by AE scholars as manipulative and oppressive and, through training and other interventions, controlling workers for strictly economic ends (Baptiste, 2001; Cunningham, 2004; Schied, 2001; Welton, 1995).…

  9. La revue PISTES renouvelée

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denys Denis

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available PISTES se présente à vous sous un nouveau jour! Nouvelle interface, nouveau mode de navigation et nouvelle adresse (http://pistes.revues.org. Mais toujours fidèle à elle-même, PISTES reste une revue scientifique interdisciplinaire électronique et libre d’accès sur le Web, de langue française, s’intéressant aux aspects sociaux et humains des transformations du monde du travail et à leurs liens avec le bien-être et la santé des personnes et des organisations de façon plus large. PISTES a joint...

  10. Critique, generativity, and imagination

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skovsmose, Ole

    2011-01-01

    Modern conceptions of critique express preoccupations with obtaining certainty and truth, with establishing foundations, and with linking knowledge and rationality. Modern conceptions of critique have been challenged, and critique has taken new formats. In particular critique has developed without...

  11. La revue Hermès

    OpenAIRE

    Tenier, Solenn; Malledant, Nina; Sauvaire, Damien

    2014-01-01

    Coordination : Bruno Chaudet La revue Hermès a été créée en 1988 par Dominique Wolton, directeur de recherche émérite en sciences de la communication au CNRS. La revue est devenue trimestrielle depuis quinze ans (1999). Aujourd’hui, elle compte à son actif soixante-neuf numéros. Un des objectifs éditoriaux d’Hermès est d’analyser et d’étudier la communication de manière interdisciplinaire. Ainsi, ses nombreux articles tentent d’appréhender la complexité des phénomènes de communication en pren...

  12. Bulletin Critiques: An Analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gonzo, Carroll

    1988-01-01

    Explores the nature of a critique and forms a theoretical schema for analyzing past critiques found in the BULLETIN. Presents proposals for greater uniformity in the format, scope, and focus of BULLETIN critiques, including examples of abstracts and critiques from previous issues. (GEA)

  13. Developing critique together

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chimirri, Niklas Alexander

    In a talk entitled “What is critique?”, Michel Foucault states: “critique only exists in relation to something other than itself: it is an instrument, a means for a future or a truth that it will not know nor happen to be […]. [The activity of critique] is supported by some kind of more general...... imperative – more general still than that of eradicating errors. There is something in critique which is akin to virtue” (Foucault, 1997, pp. 42-43). Critique is future-directed: It communicates a ‘more general imperative’ that affects the possible, the imaginable, and thereby the actual. Even if formulated...... the alternatives surface as clearly as possible – so as to render them contestable, renegotiable, accessible for future critique. Such productive critiques can be found in Heidegger’s destruction and Derrida’s deconstruction, in Ilyenkov’s ideal and Critical Psychology’s reconstructionist critique. The symposium...

  14. Persuasion technologique et Energie : revue critique de l’état de l’art

    OpenAIRE

    Cano, Grégory; Laurillau, Yann; Calvary, Gaëlle

    2015-01-01

    International audience This paper presents a state of the art and an analysis of existing works dedicated to persuasive technologies for energy consumption. Thanks to a systematic analysis, a set of concepts of persuasion has been identified and organized into a six dimensional design space. In particular, the concept of persuasion function is identified and defined. Six persuasion functions are identified: Mirror, Explain, Recommend, What-if, What-for, Suggest-and-Adjust. This design spac...

  15. La théorie positive de la comptabilité : une revue des critiques

    OpenAIRE

    Jeanjean, Thomas

    1999-01-01

    This working paper presents a review of the main criticisms to positive accounting theory (henceforth, PAT). Three levels of criticisms are distinguished: (1) on epistemology, (2) on the valitidy of the theoritical framework and (3) about the methods to test empirical predictions. Epistemological criticisms do not seem that much important if PAT is considered as a research program. On the other hand, the contigency of the theoritical framework and the instrumental reduction phenomenon seem fa...

  16. What is Critique?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raffnsøe, Sverre

    linked to an outward-looking critique that examines and pictures what human forms of life are in the process of making of themselves and challenges them, by reflecting upon what they can and what they should make of themselves. As a very widely diffused practice, however, critique may also become a self...

  17. Education as Sociomaterial Critique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Postma, Dirk

    2012-01-01

    In order to extend its scope, depth and effectiveness, critique should shift from its reliance on humanistic assumptions and be reconceptualised as a sociomaterial practice through which realities are enacted differently as multiple and tensional. This kind of critique counters the ways regimes of power are materially entrenched. This article…

  18. The LNG industry in 2011. Press revue

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The outlook of the LNG industry in 2011 is presented as a revue of press articles: The role of LNG as a flexible and secure energy source as well as the prompt response to provide back-up through additional supplies and cargo diversions to compensate for the sudden loss of nuclear capacity in Japan - with sellers exercising due price restraint in view of the human tragedy - has been a credit to the industry. The increase in production capacity in 2009 and 2010, in particular from Qatar, had permitted the necessary buffer to cope much better with the demand surge than during past disruptions (such as the aftermath of the Chuetsu earthquake in late 2007). Undoubtedly, the marked shift over the last decade in the industry's prevailing business model towards global trade, destination flexibility and portfolio play has also facilitated the rapid response. As the total volume of LNG trade is very much determined by the availability of supply, 2011 has seen a growth of 9.4% over 2010, mainly as a result of the full availability of the six Qatar mega-trains over the past year. On the demand side the two traditional basins have shown very contrasting trends: 15% higher LNG off-take in Asia (the five major markets all increasing between 37.4% and 8.9%), versus a 1.7% decrease in the Atlantic Basin. Cargo diversions and an increasing number of reloads have boosted the exports from the Atlantic Basin to Asia in 2011 to more than 14 million tons (equivalent to more than 200 large size cargoes). Remarkable is also the fast growth in new markets in Latin America and in the Middle East - albeit from a small base - with counter-seasonal but varying demand, offering attractive arbitrage opportunities to portfolio play. Not surprising then that 2011 has seen another hike in spot and short-term trade, not just in absolute terms but also as a percentage of total trade (50% over 2010, 25.4% of total trade). The outlook for LNG is strong and its global demand prospects further

  19. Revue de l'EPI n° 104 de décembre 2001

    OpenAIRE

    Viaud, Jean-Bernard

    2001-01-01

    Sommaire. Revue de l'EPI (Enseignement Public et Informatique), (104), décembre 2001. 2-3. ba4p002EPI (2001). Éditorial. Revue de l'EPI (Enseignement Public et Informatique), (104). 5-6. ba4p005Pélisset, É. (2001). Enseigner autrement avec l'informatique. Revue de l'EPI (Enseignement Public et Informatique), (104). 11-14. ba4p011Cousin, A. (2001). Apprentissage et pédagogie. Revue de l'EPI (Enseignement Public et Informatique), (104). 15-24. ba4p015Chevènement, J.-P., M.E.N. (2001). Orientati...

  20. Revue de l'EPI n° 101 de mars 2001

    OpenAIRE

    Viaud, Jean-Bernard

    2001-01-01

    Sommaire. Revue de l'EPI (Enseignement Public et Informatique), (101), mars 2001. 2-3. ba1p002EPI, Viaud, J.-B. (2001). Éditorial. Revue de l'EPI (Enseignement Public et Informatique), (101). 5. ba1p005Becquelin, G., M.E.N. (2001). Qu'apprend-t-on avec les TICE ? Assises Internationales Poitiers 2000. Revue de l'EPI (Enseignement Public et Informatique), (101). 19-23. ba1p019Lang, J., M.E.N. (2001). Rénovation de la formation des enseignants en IUFM. Revue de l'EPI (Enseignement Public et Inf...

  1. [Thoughts on the Revue de Chirurgie Plastique (1931-34) and the Revue de Chirurgie Structive (1935-38)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vrebos, J

    2007-08-01

    The history of modern plastic surgery starts when a young, restless ENT man, Dr M. Coelst, started a training in Plastic Surgery with Sebileau in Paris and Joseph in Berlin. This man of vision and far-sighted imagination realized that the separated efforts and publications of so many pioneers, scaterred all over the world, would be lost if not gathered in a scientific journal only devoted to plastic surgery for the benefit of all. This brought him to the idea of establishing, in 1931, at his own initiative, the first international Journal of Plastic Surgery ever published, the Revue de Chirurgie Plastique, fifteen years before the USA Journal Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and sixteen years before the British Journal of Plastic Surgery. The name of the journal was changed in 1935 to the Revue de Chirurgie Structive. Coelst' Revue was promptly accepted as the leading Journal of Plastic Surgery and all the internationally known plastic Surgeons contributed to it by scientific papers of great value, even today.

  2. British plastic surgeons who contributed to the Revue de Chirurgie Plastique and the Revue de Chirurgie Structive (1931-1938): "the Big Four" in their Speciality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, B O

    2001-01-01

    The Revue de Chirurgie Plastique and the Revue de Chirurgie Structive, Brussels (1931-1938), edited by Maurice Coelst, M.D. from Brussels, were the first, full-fledged medical publications devoted specifically to plastic, reconstructive, and aesthetic surgery. Publishing original articles by H.D. Gillies, P.T. Kilner, A.H. McIndoe, and R. Mowlem--the "Big Four" as they were known to both English and American plastic surgeons--the Revues drew attention to these four surgeons who were mainly responsible for developing the prestige of English plastic surgery in the early 1930s.

  3. Karl Marx: Critique as Emancipatory Practice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Celikates

    2012-01-01

    Critique of philosophy, critique of religion, critique of politics, critique of political economy - there is almost no sphere of modern society of which Karl Marx’s theory does not offer a critique. This makes it all the more necessary to investigate whether these different critiques possess any com

  4. Camera as Cultural Critique

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Suhr, Christian

    2015-01-01

    What does the use of cameras entail for the production of cultural critique in anthropology? Visual anthropological analysis and cultural critique starts at the very moment a camera is brought into the field or existing visual images are engaged. The framing, distances, and interactions between...... researchers, cameras, and filmed subjects already inherently comprise analytical decisions. It is these ethnographic qualities inherent in audiovisual and photographic imagery that make it of particular value to a participatory anthropological enterprise that seeks to resist analytic closure and seeks instead...

  5. U.S. plastic surgeons who contributed to the Revue de Chirurgie Plastique and the Revue de Chirurgie Structive (1931-1938): "Giants" in our specialty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, B O

    1999-01-01

    The Revue de Chirurgie Plastique and the Revue de Chirurgie Structive, Brussels (1931-1938), edited by Maurice Coelst, M.D. from Brussels, were the first, full-fledged medical publications specifically devoted to plastic, reconstructive, and aesthetic surgery. Publishing original articles by J.W. Maliniac, J. Eastman Sheehan, and brief summaries of papers read at plastic surgery societies by C.R. Straatsma, L.A. Peer, G. Aufricht, and other well-known American plastic surgeons, these Revues drew attention to surgeons, most of whom were responsible for organizing the American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons in 1931, the same year in which the Revue de Chirurgie Plastique first appeared.

  6. Critique, Contextualism and Consensus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Jane

    2004-01-01

    In an epistemology of contextualism, how robust does consensus need to be for critique to be practically effective? In 'Relativism and the Critical Potential of Philosophy of Education,' Frieda Heyting proposes a form of contextualism, but her argument raises a number of problems. The kinds of criteria that her version of contextualism will…

  7. A Critique of Julie L. Ozanne, Natalie Ross Adkins, and Jennifer A. Sandlin's: "Shopping {For} Power: How Adult Literacy Learners Negotiate"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coutinho, Colin

    2008-01-01

    This paper will review the article entitled, "Shopping {For} Power: How Adult Literacy Learners Negotiate" [EJ756994] by authors Julie L. Ozanne, Natalie Ross Adkins, and Jennifer A. Sandlin. The authors argue that functional literacy in the United States is an important issue and needs to play a larger role in adult literacy programs. Their…

  8. Classement critique des sources

    OpenAIRE

    Langlois, Charles-Victor; Seignobos, Charles

    2014-01-01

    Grâce aux opérations précédentes, les documents, tous les documents d’un certain genre ou relatifs à un sujet donné ont été, nous le supposons, « trouvés » : on sait où ils sont ; le texte de chacun d’eux a été, s’il y avait lieu, restitué, et chacun d’eux a été soumis à la critique de provenance : on sait d’où il sort. Reste à réunir et à classer méthodiquement les matériaux ainsi vérifiés. Cette opération est la dernière de celles que l’on peut appeler préparatoires aux travaux de critique ...

  9. Revue de l'EPI n° 97 de mars 2000

    OpenAIRE

    Viaud, Jean-Bernard

    2000-01-01

    Sommaire. Revue de l'EPI (Enseignement Public et Informatique), (97), mars 2000. 2-3. b97p002EPI, Viaud, J.-B. (2000). Éditorial. Revue de l'EPI (Enseignement Public et Informatique), (97). 5-7. b97p005Bancel, D., M.E.N. (2000). Réforme des lycées : organisation des travaux personnels encadrés en classe de première. Revue de l'EPI (Enseignement Public et Informatique), (97). 19-20. b97p019Allégre, C., M.E.N. (2000). Extraits des voeux de Claude Allègre à la presse. Revue de l'EPI (Enseignemen...

  10. Public Policy and Foucaultian Critique

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlsen, Mads Peter; Villadsen, Kaspar

    2012-01-01

    and his understanding of the relationship between power and critique. A significant challenge for this form of critique is the recent embracing of concepts of ‘diversity’ and ‘pluralism’, both in welfare reforms and service arrangements. Another difficulty is posed by how to engage with the material...

  11. Scientific contributions of U.S. plastic surgeons to the Revue de Chirurgie Plastique and the Revue de Chirurgie Structive, Brussels (1931-1938).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vrebos, J

    1999-01-01

    The author emphasizes the close cooperation between U.S. plastic surgeons and the first international journal entirely devoted to plastic surgery, the Revue de Chirurgie Plastique (1931-1934) later to become the Revue de Chirurgie Structive (1935-1938) published under the editorship of Maurice Coelst, M.D. from Brussels. By the accurate recording of original articles, book reviews, proceedings of their annual meetings and summaries in three different languages (English, French, German), the author stresses the intense scientific dynamism and the achievements made by the U.S. pioneers of this new speciality, which really started during World War I.

  12. Revues.org : une plateforme d’édition électronique au service des sciences humaines et sociales

    OpenAIRE

    Dacos, Marin; Secondat de Montesquieu, Inès; Mounier, Pierre

    2010-01-01

    Revues.org est un portail de revues en sciences humaines et sociales, ouvert aux périodiques désireux de publier en ligne du texte intégral. Revues.org constitue une plateforme d’édition électronique complète et construit un espace dédié à la valorisation de la recherche, publiant en libre accès des dizaines de milliers de documents scientifiques. Le portail a pour mission de promouvoir l’édition électronique scientifique, dans le respect de l’équilibre économique des publications. Revues.org...

  13. Non-normative Critique

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Magnus Paulsen

    2016-01-01

    is inadequate when it comes to understand de-politicizing mechanisms and the struggles they bring about. This article argues that only a nonnormative position can stay attentive to the constant and complex evolution of modes of governing and the critical operations actors themselves engage in. The article......The close ties between modes of governing, subjectivities and critique in contemporary societies challenge the role of critical social research. The classical normative ethos of the unmasking researcher unravelling various oppressive structures of dominant vs. dominated groups in society...... outlines a non-normative but critical programme based on an ethos of re-politicizing contemporary pervasive modes of governing. The analytical advantages and limitations of such a programme are demonstrated by readings of both Foucauldian studies and the works of and debates regarding the French pragmatic...

  14. Designing Critique for Knowledge Integration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sato, Mie Elissa

    Generating explanations is central to science and has the potential to have a powerful impact on students' conceptual understanding in science instruction. However, improving conceptual understanding by generating explanations is a fraught affair: students may struggle with the sense of false clarity that may arise from generating explanations, fail to detect gaps in their understanding, and dismiss salient information that contradict their beliefs. Critiquing explanations has the potential to counteract these pitfalls by exposing students to alternative ideas to contrast with their own. This dissertation seeks to clarify how to design critique in technology-enhanced science instruction to support students in revising their explanations about scientific phenomena, and in doing so, refining their conceptual understanding. Using the Knowledge Integration framework, I revised two technology-enhanced curriculum units, Plate Tectonics and Global Climate Change, in a design partnership between teachers, researchers, and technologists. I conducted a series of studies with sixth-grade students to investigate the conditions under which guided critique of explanations can support revision. The pilot critique study investigated the impact of the revised Plate Tectonics unit on students' understanding of convection, as well as of a preliminary design of critique where students generated and applied their own criteria for what makes a good explanation in science. The guidance study explored how incorporating a complex selection task that features meta-explanatory criteria into critique supports students in distinguishing among different criteria, as well as how students use peer or expert guidance on their initial explanation during revision. The critique study investigated how designing critique with a complex selection task that features plausible alternative ideas and giving guidance on students' critiques support students in distinguishing among a range of relevant ideas

  15. Vox populi : la Revue économique au crible d'Internet

    OpenAIRE

    Jean-Yves Caro

    2008-01-01

    Internet is disrupting traditional modes of scientific communication. In this new landscape, what is the readership of a publication such as the Revue économique? One consequence of placing it on the Internet is the possibility of discovering some of the actual structure of the demand of articles. It is this information that we try to characterize by studying consultation figures of the Revue économique on the cairn database for the 2006-2007 academic year. This sheds some light on the multip...

  16. La revue des marraines (1916-1917, een tijdschrift voor oorlogsmeters en hun petekinderen.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marysa Demoor

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is situated at the crossroads of First World War and periodical studies. It sheds light on the phenomenon of the war godmothers (marraines, women who supported soldiers at the front by sending them parcels and letters. The godmothers made use of the mainstream press to advertise their services, and founded periodicals of their own. One of these periodicals is La revue des marraines, founded by the Mlles Picard in Paris. In this article, we uncover La revue des marraines and examine how the journal imagines the relation between godmother and godson. 

  17. Some Varieties of Normative Social Critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carl-Göran Heidegren

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The article distinguishes between different forms of normative social critique: an external, an internal or immanent, and a disclosing form of critique. Whereas the external and internal critique appeal to or rely upon a certain standard or yardstick of critique, the disclosing form of critique aims at opening up our eyes to new ways of seeing social reality, and in the light of which our way of life can be seen as deficient or pathological. Depending upon the circumstances each form of critique may be a legitimate means to bring about a change.

  18. The scientific contributions of British Plastic Surgeons to the Revue de Chirurgie Plastique and the Revue de Chirurgie Structive, Brussels (1931-1938).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vrebos, J

    2001-01-01

    In 1931, Maurice Coelst, M.D. from Brussels started the publication of the first international journal of plastic surgery ever published: the Revue de Chirurgie Plastique (1931-1934), which eventually became the Revue de Chirurgie Structive (1935-1938). In 1936, he established the first European Society of Structive Surgery, which held its first congress in Brussels. Further congresses were held in London in 1937 and in Milan in 1938. It is the collaboration and the participation of British plastic surgeons in this Society, this journal, and these meetings that I want to stress, because I am firmly convinced that these documents fill a gap in the history of Plastic Surgery in Great Britain, since--as far as I know--no detailed information concerning this period was ever published in Plastic Surgery literature.

  19. Essentialism, hybridism and cultural critique

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frello, Birgitta

    2007-01-01

    and related to power. Hence, while insisting on Cultural Studies' commitment to social and cultural critique, I argue that this critique would benefit from an analytical sensitivity towards the uses and abuses of the discursive power to designate meaningful and legitimate subject positions, rather than......In my paper, I suggest that we sharpen our attention towards the complexities of the work of power in transgressions as well as in constructions of essentialist identities. Criticising essentialism is vital for fighting group-based exclusionism. However, criticising essentialism and celebrating...

  20. A critique of social capital.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Navarro, Vicente

    2002-01-01

    This article critiques the concepts of communitarianism and social capital as used in the United States and in Europe. For the United States, the author focuses on Robert Putnam's understanding of both concepts, showing that the apolitical analysis of the Progressive Era, of the progressive developments in Northern Italy, and of the situation of labor unions in the United States is not only insufficient but wrong. The critique also includes the difference between U.S. communitarianism and its European versions, Christian democracy and New Labour, and the limitations of both approaches. The uses and misuses of these concepts in the political debate are discussed. PMID:12211285

  1. La danse au prisme du genre : la revue Danser (1985 - 2008),

    OpenAIRE

    Pauline Boivineau

    2009-01-01

    Dans le contexte favorable de la naissance des Centres Chorégraphiques Nationaux et de l’essor de la danse contemporaine, la revue mensuelle Danser voit le jour en 1983 par la volonté du journaliste Jean-Claude Diénis qui partage ses intérêts entre danse classique et ce que l’on appelle la « nouvelle danse française ». Première sur le marché de la presse chorégraphique, la revue Danser s’est imposée rapidement, pour la diversité des rubriques (actualité, biographie, spectacle, histoire de la ...

  2. La danse au prisme du genre : la revue Danser (1985 - 2008,

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pauline Boivineau

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Dans le contexte favorable de la naissance des Centres Chorégraphiques Nationaux et de l’essor de la danse contemporaine, la revue mensuelle Danser voit le jour en 1983 par la volonté du journaliste Jean-Claude Diénis qui partage ses intérêts entre danse classique et ce que l’on appelle la « nouvelle danse française ». Première sur le marché de la presse chorégraphique, la revue Danser s’est imposée rapidement, pour la diversité des rubriques (actualité, biographie, spectacle, histoire de la ...

  3. UNE ANALYSE COMPARATIVE DES PUBLICATIONS DANS LES GRANDES REVUES SCIENTIFIQUES DE COMPTABILITÉ

    OpenAIRE

    Rougès, Véronique

    2005-01-01

    International audience Cette communication propose une étude des publications de 2003 dans AOS, JAE, JAR et TAR qui arrivent en tête du classement CNRS 2004. EAR et CCA sont également examinées. Elle met en évidence le profil des revues en termes d'auteurs, thèmes, méthodes et données utilisées. Elle analyse aussi un possible effet culturel sur les publications.

  4. Beyond Kantianism - Response to Critiques

    OpenAIRE

    Stenson, Kevin

    2008-01-01

    I am flattered and privileged to have received four such astute critiques of my work from an international cast. I will reflect at length about many of their points in future work but to respond fully would require a very long article and so I will highlight some of the more salient issues. The authors share misgivings about my commitment to a realist version of governmentality theory so I will try to articulate a bit more clearly how it is different from two major alternative perspectives hi...

  5. Regression Analysis A Constructive Critique

    CERN Document Server

    Berk, Richard A

    2003-01-01

    Regression Analysis: A Constructive Critique identifies a wide variety of problems with regression analysis as it is commonly used and then provides a number of ways in which practice could be improved. Regression is most useful for data reduction, leading to relatively simple but rich and precise descriptions of patterns in a data set. The emphasis on description provides readers with an insightful rethinking from the ground up of what regression analysis can do, so that readers can better match regression analysis with useful empirical questions and improved policy-related research. "An

  6. The Engaged Classroom: A Review and Critique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savich, Carl; Bizzotto, Glenda

    2005-01-01

    The purpose of this paper was to analyze and critique the proposals made in "The Engaged Classroom" by Sam Intrator to increase student engagement in the classroom. The methodology used was to analyze, compare, and critique the proposals based on educational research on apathy and boredom in the instruction of history. The results were that the…

  7. The Closing of Critique, Pluralism and Reflexivity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alvesson, Mats; Kärreman, Dan

    2013-01-01

    assumptions and be unwelcome to critical explorations. The article points to the risk of assumption-challenging work being marginalized through the anticipation of critique leading to hostile reactions and specialized, politically motivated reviewers blocking the publication of far-reaching critique....

  8. Under the Gaze of Double Critique

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sabih, Joshua

    2015-01-01

    theory of double critique: decolonisation, desacralisation and the orphan book are operative in Ḫaṭībī´s analysis of Orientalism, identity, and the issue of origin. As a professional outsider, Ḫaṭībī follows conceptually and methodologically the rules of the epistemological critique in an enunciation of...

  9. Critique of mobile boot end. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    O' Beirne, T.; Price, D.

    1993-11-25

    ACIRL was commissioned by the Roadway Development Taskforce of ACARP to undertake a critique of MBE usage. The objectives were to prepare a critique on current usage; to review and report upon the options for coal clearance and material supply when using 1 or MBE's in a 2 heading development; to present the findings and recommendations to an industry forum.

  10. Les formes de l'exercice critique

    OpenAIRE

    Beaudouin, Valérie; Pasquier, Dominique

    2016-01-01

    La critique amateur en ligne propose-t-elle une approche des films différente de celle de la critique professionnelle ? La question est posée à partir d’un corpus de 2 300 critiques professionnelles et 40 000 critiques amateurs postées en ligne sur un site français d’information sur le cinéma. Les auteurs identifient trois différences principales : dans le choix des films critiqués, dans les manières de les noter et dans la mobilisation d’un registre émotionnel par une partie des internautes....

  11. Een intellectuele trait d'union. La Revue de Hollande (1915-1918: literaire betrekkingen tussen Nederland en Frankrijk

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mathijs Sanders

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available During the First World War, some Dutch journals were explicitly oriented towards the culture of one of the belligerent nations. In periodicals such as the pro-German weekly De Toekomst (The Future and the French oriented La Revue de Hollande, Dutch and foreign intellectuals and artists discussed the cultural identity of the Netherlands. This article draws attention to the latter journal. La Revue de Hollande pretended to be an intellectual trait d'union between the Netherlands and France. How did the editors try to achieve that aim? What does a first exploration of this magazine reveal about bilateral periodicals and their circles during the Great War?

  12. Critiques of the risk concept

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nexøe, Jørgen; Halvorsen, Peder Andreas; Kristiansen, Ivar Sønbø

    2007-01-01

    , that patients' risk concept is different from an epidemiological one, that resources are better spent elsewhere, or that commercial interests take advantage of risk information to promote sales. In this paper the authors discuss the concept of risk and address the critique. There is evidence that commercial......The increasing use of the risk concept in healthcare has caused concern among medical doctors, especially general practitioners (GPs). Critics have claimed that risk identification and intervention create unfounded anxiety, that the concept of risk is not useful at the individual patient level...... interests promote risk interventions, that patients may misunderstand risk information, and that risk information can cause unnecessary anxiety. The authors have found no empirical data on the amount of time primary healthcare providers spend on risk interventions, and have not identified any valid...

  13. Hare's preference utilitarianism: an overview and critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauro Cardoso Simões

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available My purpose in this paper is to summarize some aspects of utilitarianism and to provide a general overview of Hare's preference utilitarianism, followed by a critique of Hare's preference theory.

  14. Critique without Difference: A Response to Goodman.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carr, Alison A.; And Others

    1995-01-01

    This response to Goodman's critique of "third-wave" school restructuring points out contradictions in his argument and clarifies the values of systemic transformation: social functionalism, empowerment, engaged communities, technology, negotiation, and individual needs. (SK)

  15. Les revues littéraires : histoire et problématique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Aron

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available L’article propose un survol des revues francophones publiées en Belgique. Il montre que les revues sont un support indispensable de l’activité littéraire du pays. Il indique également quelques traits de leur rôle spécifique dans une institution littéraire faible et relativement peu institutionnalisée.Het artikel biedt een overzicht van de Franstalige tijdschriften die in België worden gepubliceerd. Er wordt aangetoond dat tijdschriften een noodzakelijke ondersteuning vormen van de literaire activiteit van het land. Daarnaast wordt ingegaan op een aantal specifieke kenmerken van de rol van tijdschriften in een weinig geïnstitutionaliseerde literaire instelling.The article proposes an overview of the French-speaking reviews published in Belgium. It shows that the reviews are an essential support of the literary activity of the country. It also indicates some features of their specific role in a weak and relatively little institutionalized literary institution.

  16. Imaginative critique of the contemporary city

    OpenAIRE

    Andrés Di Masso Tarditti; Angela Castrechini

    2012-01-01

    In this article we introduce the contributions of different authors to a critique of contemporary urban phenomena. We begin pinpointing both the relevance and the epistemic limits of the city in the frame of the social sciences. We then develop a series of arguments that stress the main limitations of the dominant trend in environmental psychology dedicated to the study of urban phenomena. Consequently, we advocate an interdisciplinary, critique, reflexive and comprehensive approach to the st...

  17. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI, Année 2011, n° 131-140

    OpenAIRE

    Archambault, Jean-Pierre

    2011-01-01

    Accès aux articles et documents dans le fichier attaché index.html. EPI, Archambault, J.-P. (2011). Éditorial : Le Google de demain. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI (Enseignement Public & Informatique), jan. 2011, (131).a1101a Rocha, J., Muscinesi, F. (2011). Identités-femmes et software libre. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI (Enseignement Public & Informatique), jan. 2011, (131).a1101b Bouchard, P. (2011). Information éducative. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI (Enseignement Pu...

  18. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI, Année 2005, n° 71-80

    OpenAIRE

    Viaud, Jean-Bernard

    2005-01-01

    Archambault, J.-P., Drechsler, M. (2005). Des enseignants auto-producteurs. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI (Enseignement Public & Informatique), jan. 2005, (71).a0501aBaudé, J. (2005). Et toujours le bidouillage. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI (Enseignement Public & Informatique), jan. 2005, (71).a0501bEPI (2005). Communiqué EPI à propos du projet de loi d'orientation pour l'École. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI (Enseignement Public & Informatique), jan. 2005, (71).d0501aBau...

  19. Beyond Kantianism - Response to Critiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available I am flattered and privileged to have received four such astute critiques of my work from an international cast. I will reflect at length about many of their points in future work but to respond fully would require a very long article and so I will highlight some of the more salient issues. The authors share misgivings about my commitment to a realist version of governmentality theory so I will try to articulate a bit more clearly how it is different from two major alternative perspectives highlighted by the authors: what I term a `discursive` governmentality perspective (Stenson 2005, and the neo-Marxist regulationist school of political economy. However, deeper normative questions are raised, for example by Wendy Larner, about what it means to be progressive or critical within the broad terrain of liberalism (which can include neo-liberals and neo-conservatives in the wake of the collapse of communism and much of the power of western labour movements, the rise of the new emancipatory and environmental social movements and varieties of religious fundamentalism. As social scientists and university intellectuals we usually argue that our work differs from journalistic reportage or ideological polemics that gather supportive evidence through selective fact gathering. This is because we dig beneath the flux of events and surface appearances and debates to uncover the deeper structures of thought and social relations that shape our experiences and the flow of events. And we also engage with contrary evidence that troubles our truth claims. This is the work of theory. I accept that theory plays a vital role but argue for a more grounded approach rooted in empirical research using a variety of methods and data sources. Hence I adopt a more cautious approach to conceptions of the `deeper structures` we uncover. At best we can only know them through provisional heuristic modelling and it is best not to reify them.

  20. Efficience et économie d’échelle. Une étude sur l’édition de revues en libre accès

    OpenAIRE

    Frantsvåg, Jan Erik

    2012-01-01

    L’article analyse la distribution des éditeurs de revues en libre accès en fonction de leur taille et discute l’impact de cette distribution sur l’édition scientifique, sous l’aspect de l’efficience économique. L’analyse exploite l’information sur les revues en libre accès et leurs éditeurs du répertoire DOAJ et, à titre comparatif, l’information sur l’édition des revues scientifiques du Ulrichsweb. Le DOAJ contient 3921 éditeurs de revues en libre accès (OA). 95,8% des éditeurs publient jus...

  1. L'évaluation scientifique des revues de linguistique et didactique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Maguy PothierLaboratoire de recherche sur le langageMaison de la recherche4, rue Ledru63057 Clermont-Ferrand cedex 1 A l’attention de Jacques DubucsESF (Core GroupCognitive Science, Philosophy of science, Paris, France Clermont-Ferrand, le 5 mai 2006 Cher collègue, Le Comité Scientifique de la revue Alsic (Apprentissage des Langues et systèmes d'information et de Communication composé de 45 personnes issues d'universités de 9 pays différents, s'est ému de constater que la partie française d...

  2. Thrombasthenie de Glanzmann et grossesse: a propos d�un cas et revue de la litterature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Myriam Rachad

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available La thrombasthenie de Glanzmann est une anomalie plaquettaire qualitative, a transmission autosomale recessive, due a un deficit en glycoproteine IIb/IIIa (GPIIb/IIIa, avec un defaut d�agregation plaquettaire. Il en resulte une perturbation de l�hemostase primaire, a l�origine d�hemorragie plus ou mois importantes. Nous rapportons l�observation de N.A, agee de 32 ans, suivie depuis l�enfance pour maladie de Glanzmann, troisieme pare, avec deux accouchements par voie basse et une cesarienne programmee, compliques tous les trois par hemorragie de delivrance, jugulee avec succes. La grossesse chez une patiente thrombo-asthenique reste rare, peu de cas jusqu'a present, sont decrits. A travers cette observation, et a la lumiere d�une revue de la litterature, nous allons essayer surtout, de mettre le point sur la prise en charge de cette association delicate, qui met en jeu, a chaque fois, le pronostic vital maternel.

  3. Première analyse du lectorat de la revue ALSIC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thierry Chanier

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available Dans cet article nous tentons de cerner la nature et les centres d´intérêt du lectorat de la revue ALSIC, au cours des 21 premiers mois de son existence, de juin 1998 à février 2000. Nous présentons d´abord les sources d´information sur lesquelles est construite cette étude. Nous examinons les nombres d´accès mensuels sur notre site. Nous détaillons ensuite certaines caractéristiques de notre lectorat : répartition géographique, activités principales, langues objets d´attention. Enfin, nous décrivons les consultations des rubriques et de certains de nos articles.

  4. Olivier Orain (dir.), « Les “années 68” des sciences humaines et sociales », Revue d'histoire des sciences humaines, n° 26, 2015

    OpenAIRE

    Ridley, Simon

    2015-01-01

    Seule revue francophone dans son domaine, la Revue d’histoire des sciences humaines fait son retour après une interruption de près de quatre ans. Les directeurs de la revue, Wolf Feuerhahn et Olivier Orain, commencent dans leur éditorial par insister sur la faible rentabilité des revues scientifiques, et remercient de leur générosité la maison d’édition qui a repris le flambeau – les Publications de la Sorbonne – ainsi que le centre Alexandre-Koyré, le Centre d’études et de recherches sur l’e...

  5. Designing for critique, designing for reflection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Løfgreen, Lars Bo

    2010-01-01

    litteraturliste og et stikordsregister. Bogen rummer kapitlerne: “Visual topography: analysing the visual context of an interactive interface” af Lise Agerbæk, “Designing (with) Creativity” af Heidi Philipsen, “Designing for critique, designing for reflection – the (re)emergence of aesthetics in current design...

  6. The Rational-Emotive Approach: A Critique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, G. Barry

    1976-01-01

    The critique of Rational-Emotive Therapy aims criticism at Ellis' concept of irrationality, analysis of human behavior and therapeutic techniques. Ellis suggests that his critic's claims lack the support of experimental evidence. He further suggests that an "existential" bias pervades which differs from his own brand of "existentialism." (KRP)

  7. 'Grey in Grey': Crisis, Critique, Change

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin Noys

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This essay reflects on the global financial crisis of 2008 as a site from which to assess anumber of theorisations of critique and change, based within a broadly-defined Marxism.While the recent crisis has given traction to Marxism as a form of critique, the articulationof that critique to actual change, and especially to the prospective agents of change, hasbeen left hanging. Charting the work of Fredric Jameson, Hardt and Negri, and others, wefind an emphasis on the powers of production and life as a point of excess to fuel anticapitalist politics. However, these images of dynamism are now forced to confrontcapitalism in a state of inertia and deceleration, and in so doing, they reveal theirdependence on replicating or displacing the supposed ‘productive forces’ of capitalism totheir own projects. Models of ‘anti-production’, such as those derived from GeorgesBataille, also tend to converge on models of vital powers, although cast in forms ofconsumption and excess. Criticising this convergence on a mythical vitalism, this essaysuggests a deflationary critique of capitalism’s ‘productivism’, and explores the potentialfor an anti-vitalist analysis that might better grasp the ‘mythological displacement’ ofexperience that operates within the frame of capitalist social relations.

  8. Using Peer Critique to Promote Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, Carole

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this Writer's Forum is to suggest a peer critique strategy and to present a rubric that can help students become more self-regulated learners who are capable of carefully assessing their own work and who can benefit from specific feedback provided by a critical friend. Too often assignment directions are not completely followed…

  9. Hydrogen-via-Electricity concept. Critique report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Escher, W.J.D.; Ecklund, E.E.

    1981-01-01

    The Hydrogen-via-Electricity (HvE) concept is the prospective use of hydrogen fuel, produced electrolytically from the electric utility grid, as a means of responding to conventional fuels shortages. This report makes available the two sets of comments and critiques of this concept solicited from the Government/Government contractor group and from the electric utility companies.

  10. Review: Hérodote: Revue de géographie et de géopolitique, 2011/3, no. 142: Géopolitique du Sahara, Paris: La Découverte Besprechung: Hérodote: Revue de géographie et de géopolitique, 2011/3, Nr. 142: Géopolitique du Sahara, Paris: La Découverte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laurence Marfaing

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Review of the issue 2011/3, no. 142, of Hérodote: Revue de géographie et de géopolitique: Géopolitique du Sahara, Paris: La Découverte.Besprechung der Ausgabe 2011/3, Nr. 142, von Hérodote: Revue de géographie et de géopolitique: Géopolitique du Sahara, Paris: La Découverte.

  11. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI, Année 2002, n° 46-51

    OpenAIRE

    Viaud, Jean-Bernard

    2002-01-01

    Januzec, P. (2002). Serveurs de courrier liste, serveurs pop, smtp. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI (Enseignement Public & Informatique), janv. 2002, (46).e46p03Moatti D. (2002). Signe authentique, signe numérique, la signature électronique. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI (Enseignement Public & Informatique), janv. 2002, (46).e46p04Zerhane, R., Janati-Idrissi, R., Khaldi, M., Blaghen, M., Talbi, M. (2002). Immuno-logi : hypermédia pour l'enseignement et l'apprentissage de l'immunol...

  12. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI, Année 2010, n° 121-130

    OpenAIRE

    Archambault, Jean-Pierre

    2010-01-01

    Accès aux articles et documents dans le fichier attaché index.html. EPI, Archambault, J.-P. (2010). Éditorial : Enseignement de l'informatique, en France et ailleurs. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI (Enseignement Public & Informatique), jan. 2010, (121). a1001a Archambault, J.-P. (2010). Économie de l'immatériel et logiciels libres. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI (Enseignement Public & Informatique), jan. 2010, (121). a1001b Fayon, D. (2010). Vers l'enseignement d'une disciplin...

  13. La visibilité des revues scientifiques francophones sur le plan international : le cas des SIC et d'Études de Communication

    OpenAIRE

    Bergot, Antoine

    2012-01-01

    Les Sciences de l'Information et de la Communication sont une discipline spécifiquement française. Les anglo-saxons ont maintenus la différence entre, d'une part, la Library and Information Science et les Communication and Media Studies. Appartenant au champ des SIC la revue Études de Communication aborde à la fois des thématiques propres au champ de la LIS et au champ des media studies. La visibilité des revues francophones à l'international, dans un monde qui s'anglicise de plus en plus, es...

  14. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI, Année 2012, n° 141-150

    OpenAIRE

    Archambault, Jean-Pierre

    2012-01-01

    Accès aux articles et documents dans le fichier attaché index.html. EPI, Archambault, J.-P. (2012). Éditorial : Une commission de l'Académie des Sciences sur l'enseignement de l'informatique. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI (Enseignement Public & Informatique), jan. 2012, (141). a1201a Archambault, J.-P. (2012). Au bout de dix ans de pratique du B2i, nous constatons un échec. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI (Enseignement Public & Informatique), jan. 2012, (141). a1201b Karsenti, ...

  15. Revues qui comptent, revues qu’on compte :produire des classements en économie et gestion Estimated Journals, Esteemed Journals.The shaping of rankings in economics and management Las Revistas que cuenta, las revistas que se cuentan: producir las clasificaciones en economía y gestión

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Pontille

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Cet article présente une sociologie des classifications de revues en économie et gestion. S’appuyant sur un vaste ensemble de sources documentaires et d’entretiens complémentaires, il étudie la trajectoire du classement de revues de la section 37 du CNRS, depuis ses prémisses de 2001 jusqu’à sa version actuelle, et documente quatre principales étapes de fabrication et de transformation. Ce classement est d’abord conçu comme un outil de justice sociale pour les candidats et les laboratoires, fondé sur une expertise largement externe à la section 37. Il devient ensuite une catégorisation raisonnée, solidifiée par l’examen en comité restreint d’arguments partageables afin de résister à la comparaison avec d’autres classements. Puis, l’AERES l’érige en un instrument de comptage et d’évaluation, sur la base d’un contenu presque identique au précédent, mais dont l’usage convenable est radicalement transformé. Il est enfin une partie d’une liste de revues beaucoup plus longue servant seulement au calcul du taux de « produisants en recherche et valorisation ». Chacune des classifications produites est systématiquement accompagnée de clauses de révision ou d’actualisation : elles sont d’emblée définies comme provisoires, sujettes à certaines formes de critique, et donc ontologiquement instables. Elles sont donc soumises à un cycle publication/usages/révisions quasi-continu, proposant de nouvelles frontières et normes d’exercice professionnel.This article presents a sociology of journal classifications in economics and management. Based on extensive documentary sources and complementary interviews, it analyses the trajectory of the journal ranking of the French National Committee for Scientific Research 37th section, from its premises in 2001 to its current version, and shows four main production and transformation steps. The journal ranking is first conceived as a social justice tool

  16. Analyzing the effects of different critique techniques on the success of interior architecture students

    OpenAIRE

    Günday, Çiler Gözde

    2015-01-01

    Cataloged from PDF version of article. This study presents the design education literature in terms of design studio learning by reviewing teaching styles, learning models and learning process. Additionally, the term critique is defined as a backbone of the learning process in design studios. The study focuses on three-critique techniques that are desk critiques, pin-up critiques and group critiques. The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of different critique t...

  17. An Incremental Model for Developing Educational Critiquing Systems: Experiences with the Java Critiquer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiu, Lin; Riesbeck, Christopher

    2008-01-01

    Individualized feedback is an important factor in fostering learning. However, it is often not seen in schools because providing it places considerable additional workload on teachers. One way to solve this problem is to employ critiquing systems. These systems, however, require significant development effort before they can be put into use. In…

  18. Les trois dimensions de la sociologie critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean De Munck

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available La sociologie est-elle critique ou non critique ? Le clivage semble de naissance, la division irrémédiable. De sa naissance à nos jours, jamais notre discipline n’a pu refermer sa coupure originelle. Deux traditions se disputent le champ de la sociologie. Son histoire est ponctuée de grands débats. Cet article se propose de contribuer à une clarification épistémologique de la notion de « sociologie critique », beaucoup d’ambiguïtés accompagnant en effet la discussion de ce concept très complexe.The three dimensions of critical sociologyIs sociology critical or not? The cleavage seems from birth, the division irremediable. From its birth to today, our discipline has never been able to close its original cut. Two traditions fight over the sociology field. Its history is punctuated with major debates. This article proposes to contribute to an epistemological clarification of the notion of “critical sociology”, since a lot of ambiguities accompanies in fact the arguments around this very complex concept.Las tres dimensiones de la sociología crítica¿Posee la sociología una capacidad crítica? Esta cuestión es congenial y la división consecuente entre la capacidad o la incapacidad es irremediable.  Desde su nacimiento, nunca la sociología ha podido resolver este dilema. Dos tradiciones, acompañadas continuamente por polémicas, se oponen. El autor propone de contribuir a una clarificación epistemológica de la noción de « sociología crítica » porque numerosas ambigüedades están presentes cuando se analiza este concepto ya de por si complejo.

  19. Beyond Transference: The Pedagogical Benefits of Metaphoric Critique and Construction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaino, Jeanne

    2008-01-01

    Studies show that metaphors are a useful way to help people understand new or difficult concepts. The research is largely silent, however, when it comes to the question of whether it is beneficial to ask students to go "beyond transference" by engaging in metaphoric critique and construction. This paper explores how critique and construction…

  20. Kantian Critique as a possible Driver for Planned Change

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Martin Lund; Bordum, Anders

    2015-01-01

    In this article it is revealed that planned change approaches operate with multiple drivers for change, but often neglect critique as a relevant driver for change. This is in contradistinction to approaches within the social sciences, where critique is often seen as a relevant approach to creatin...

  1. The Crisis of Critique in Critical Management Studies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lystbæk, Christian Tang

    management studies are equally based upon reductionist, problematic assumptions regarding the conception of, not management, but critique. Thus, this paper identifies a crisis in critical management studies in terms of simplified accounts of critique. There has been and still is a rough dividing line between...... conception of critique focuses its methodological considerations on critique as a way to analyze the limiting character of a practice, such as management and management studies. Hence, proponents of this conception or approach to critical management studies typically relate to the post......Generally speaking, critical management studies are based upon a critique of customary conceptions of management for being reductionist and carrying implicit, unrecognized (problematic) assumptions. This conceptual paper argues, however, that this holds for critical management studies too: Critical...

  2. MAIN PROBLEMS OF THE PHILOSOPHICAL CRITIQUE OF RELIGION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jowita Guja

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper is a synthetic overview of main problems of the philosophical critique of religion. In the beginning I identify and characterize three general threads of the critique: the enlightenment, the alienational and the thread which focuses on the problem of theodicy. The greater part of my article is devoted to the alienational critique of religion n its two types: atheistic (Feuerbach, Marx, Freud, Nietzsche, Sartre and theistic (Barth. The subjects of my analysis are the sources and foundations of the alienational critique of religion and the most important problems implied by it: the essence of religion, the ideal of the irreligious man, the prospect to remove religion. The analysis presents troubles and confusions connected to these subjects: they emerge in atheistic type of alienational critique of religion.

  3. Entre Classicisme et Modernité : La Nouvelle Revue Française dans le champ littéraire de la Belle Epoque

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koffeman-Bijman, M.N.

    2003-01-01

    The literary review La Nouvelle Revue Française enjoys an enormous prestige in France. In Entre Classicisme et Modernité, Maaike Koffeman explores the origins of this legend of French literary life by means of a historical, literary and sociological analysis of the first years of the review s existe

  4. A critique of cannabis legalization proposals in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalant, Harold

    2016-08-01

    An editorial in this issue describes a cannabis policy framework document issued by a major Canadian research centre, calling for legalization of non-medical use under strict controls to prevent increase in use, especially by adolescents and young adults who are most vulnerable to adverse effects of cannabis. It claims that such a system would eliminate the severe personal, social and monetary costs of prohibition, diminish the illicit market, and provide more humane management of cannabis use disorders. It claims that experience with regulation of alcohol and tobacco will enable a system based on public health principles to control access of youth to cannabis without the harm caused by prohibition. The present critique argues that the claims made against decriminalization and for legalization are unsupported, or even contradicted, by solid evidence. Early experience in other jurisdictions suggests that legalization increases use by adolescents and its attendant harms. Regulation of alcohol use does not provide a good model for cannabis controls because there is widespread alcohol use and harm among adolescents and young adults. Government monopolies of alcohol sale have been used primarily as sources of revenue rather than for guarding public health, and no reason has been offered to believe they would act differently with respect to cannabis. Good policy decisions require extensive unbiased information about the individual and social benefits and costs of both drug use and proposed control measures, and value judgments about the benefit/harm balance of each option. Important parts of the necessary knowledge about cannabis are not yet available, so that the value judgments are not yet possible. Therefore, a better case can be made for eliminating some of the harms of prohibition by decriminalization of cannabis possession and deferring decision about legalization until the necessary knowledge has been acquired.

  5. A critique of cannabis legalization proposals in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kalant, Harold

    2016-08-01

    An editorial in this issue describes a cannabis policy framework document issued by a major Canadian research centre, calling for legalization of non-medical use under strict controls to prevent increase in use, especially by adolescents and young adults who are most vulnerable to adverse effects of cannabis. It claims that such a system would eliminate the severe personal, social and monetary costs of prohibition, diminish the illicit market, and provide more humane management of cannabis use disorders. It claims that experience with regulation of alcohol and tobacco will enable a system based on public health principles to control access of youth to cannabis without the harm caused by prohibition. The present critique argues that the claims made against decriminalization and for legalization are unsupported, or even contradicted, by solid evidence. Early experience in other jurisdictions suggests that legalization increases use by adolescents and its attendant harms. Regulation of alcohol use does not provide a good model for cannabis controls because there is widespread alcohol use and harm among adolescents and young adults. Government monopolies of alcohol sale have been used primarily as sources of revenue rather than for guarding public health, and no reason has been offered to believe they would act differently with respect to cannabis. Good policy decisions require extensive unbiased information about the individual and social benefits and costs of both drug use and proposed control measures, and value judgments about the benefit/harm balance of each option. Important parts of the necessary knowledge about cannabis are not yet available, so that the value judgments are not yet possible. Therefore, a better case can be made for eliminating some of the harms of prohibition by decriminalization of cannabis possession and deferring decision about legalization until the necessary knowledge has been acquired. PMID:27292414

  6. Theories of the welfare state: a critique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gough, I

    1978-01-01

    The article considers three major non-Marxist explanations of the modern welfare state: functionalist sociological theories, economic theories of government policy, and pluralist theories of democracy. Each is subjected to a critique and all are found wanting, in that none can satisfactorily explain the observable similarities and differences in state welfare intervention within advanced capitalist countries. Functionalist theories can explain the dominant trends at work within all countries, but not the immense diversity in state policies which still persists. Economic and pluralist theories can explain the diversity but not the determinant trends. This failing is related to the separation objective and subjective aspects in historical explanation: the first school objectifies history, the second subjectifies it. The article concludes by asserting, but not arguing, that a Marxist approach offers a more fruitful way of understanding the welfare state, insofar as it rejects this separation. PMID:631962

  7. Critique of an Existing Language Syllabus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘可

    2013-01-01

    This article is intended for exploration and critique of some issues of the syllabus for Certificate in English for Business. The issues examined are what ideologies are behind the design, what types of the syllabus are and whether it is likely to develop the communicative competence. In addition, the comparison between the learning outcomes and objectives of the education pro⁃gram is also included. Next, the process-oriented syllabus which is different from the category of the teaching plan is taken into consideration as well. Finally, minor problems on whether the design is likely to meet the learners’needs and motivate the learn⁃ers, whether it is likely for the teacher to the implement the plan are covered, being discussed briefly.

  8. A critique of anthropological research on homosexuality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitzgerald, T K

    1977-01-01

    Since the 1970 resolutions of the American Anthropological Association, encouraging more research activity among anthropologists on the topic of homosexuality, there has been less than enthusiastic response. Rather than directly attempting to provide reasons for this research failure, this paper takes a look at what actually has been done by anthropologists with an eye to assessment of their major contributions. Thus, summarized are the studies on the role of the "berdache" in primitive cultures, with a critique of the terminological problems associated; a review of some of the ethnographic accounts of homoerotic behavior among primitive folk, with comments on the weaknesses of such treatments; and, finally, a discussion of the current typological approach to the study of the homosexual community, with its multimodal rather than unimodal emphasis. In short, this is a review article that tries to assess the impact of anthropological research for the ultimate understanding of this facet of humankind.

  9. The Kingdom of God. Martin Buber's Critique of Messianic Politics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Mendes- Flohr

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Through a textual and contextual analysis of Martin Buber’s scholarly disquisition, Königtum Gottes (1932, the article focuses on his critique of political Messianism. This critique is addressed to his friends who participated in the Bavarian Revolution of 1918/19, the political theology of Friedrich Gogarten and Carl Schmitt, and given trends in Zionism. This article discusses the affinities of Buber’s critique of political Messianism with that of Max Weber who like Buber called for a political and ethical re-valorization of the everyday. This call is contrasted with Walter Benjamin’s political Messianism, whose dialectic in effect endorses a similar ethos.

  10. Literaire strategieën: de drie satellieten van La Nouvelle Revue Française (1910-1914

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maaike Koffeman

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available La Nouvelle Revue Française, opgericht in 1908 door een groep schrijvers rond André Gide, is het belangrijkste Franse literaire maandblad van het interbellum geweest. In de jaren voorafgaand aan de Eerste Wereldoorlog is de reputatie van het tijdschrift nog relatief bescheiden, maar er is al wel een duidelijke progressie te constateren. Deze is niet alleen toe te schrijven aan de inhoudelijke kwaliteit van de bijdragen, maar vooral ook aan de manier waaorp de redactie het tijdschrift promoot. De oprichters bedienen zich van een 'mutimedia-strategie': zij ontwikkelen rond de NRF verschillende nevenactiviteiten om de naamsbekendheid van het tijdschrift te vergroten en zijn literatuuropvattingen onder een breder publiek te verspreiden. 

  11. Contribuer au soulagement de la douleur cancéreuse: une revue de littérature

    OpenAIRE

    Rossi, Sophie; Rossel, Martine

    2012-01-01

    La douleur non soulagée est un problème pour de nombreux patients atteints d’un cancer. En partant du principe que toute infirmière sera un jour amenée à s’occuper de patients souffrant d’un cancer, il est important d’explorer ce qui favorise une bonne gestion de la douleur dans le cadre de cette maladie. Au travers de cette revue de littérature, je me suis intéressée à la douleur cancéreuse et à son soulagement à partir des deux questions de recherche suivantes : Comment l’infirmière peut-el...

  12. La place des revues dans la communication scientifique en régime de libre accès

    OpenAIRE

    Jaffrin, Ivan; Parisot, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    En guise d’introduction au dossier que publie la Revue européenne des sciences sociales sur les enjeux du libre accès en sciences humaines et sociales, le présent article revient sur la polémique qui a suivi, en France, dans le secteur des SHS, la publication de la Recommandation de la Commission européenne du 17 juillet 2012 relative à « l’accès aux informations scientifiques et à leur conservation ». Après avoir observé les argumentations en présence et analysé les stratégies des différents...

  13. Critique of metaphysics, capital logic and totality, and social critique theory: the three critical dimensions of Marx's philosophy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Karl Marx's philosophy includes three dimensions of critique.The first is the critique of metaphysics,which is also the major premise on the basis of which Marx turns his philosophical viewpoint to the analysis of social life and its cultural logic.The second is the capital logic and totality,the core of Marx's philosophy,according to which Marx exposes the totality and contradictions inherent in the capital logic.The third is the theory of social critique that is the realistic end of his philosophy.

  14. Out of Time: The Limits of Secular Critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Holly Randell-Moon

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available A review of Talal Asad, Wendy Brown, Judith Butler, Saba Mahmood, Is Critique Secular? Blasphemy, Injury, and Free Speech and Michael Warner, Jonathan Vanantwerpen, and Craig Calhoun (eds, Varieties of Secularism in a Secular Age.

  15. Out of time : the limits of secular critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Randell-Moon, Holly

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A review of Talal Asad, Wendy Brown, Judith Butler, Saba Mahmood, 'Is critique secular? Blasphemy, injury, and free speech' and Michael Warner, Jonathan Vanantwerpen, and Craig Calhoun (eds, 'Varieties of secularism in a secular age'.

  16. Criticizing the Lucas Critique: Macroeconometricians' Response to Robert Lucas

    OpenAIRE

    Goutsmedt, Aurélien; Pinzon-Fuchs, Erich; Renault, Matthieu; Sergi, Francesco

    2015-01-01

    The standard history of macroeconomics considers Lucas (1976)– “the Lucas Critique” –as a path-breaking innovation for the discipline. According to this view Lucas's article dismissed the traditional macroeconometric practice calling for new ways of conceiving the quantitative evaluation of economic policies. The Lucas Critique is considered, nowadays, as a fundamental principle of macroeconomic modeling (Woodford, 2003). The interpretation and the application of the Critique, however, repres...

  17. Scaffolding Online Collaborative Critiquing for Educational Video Production

    OpenAIRE

    Yiong Hwee Teo; Ching Sing Chai

    2009-01-01

    In art, design and media education, learning from examples has been an established way to coach students. To derive greater benefits, teachers should get students to go beyond mere studying of examples. This paper focuses on engaging novice learners in collaborative critiquing of real examples of professional work and past student work in the context of producing an educational video project. While critiquing of such works is not new in art education, there is however scant literature on how ...

  18. Scaffolding Online Collaborative Critiquing for Educational Video Production

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yiong Hwee Teo

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available In art, design and media education, learning from examples has been an established way to coach students. To derive greater benefits, teachers should get students to go beyond mere studying of examples. This paper focuses on engaging novice learners in collaborative critiquing of real examples of professional work and past student work in the context of producing an educational video project. While critiquing of such works is not new in art education, there is however scant literature on how to involve students in collaborative critiquing in an online environment involving video projects. A four-step critique model was therefore designed as procedural scaffolding and implemented in an online system, Knowledge Community. A group of Singapore pre-service teachers were engaged in online collaborative critiquing of videos before they embarked on their video projects to illustrate what constitutes good and bad video production. This research points to the value of online collaborative critiquing as a way to facilitate novice designers‟ progress towards expertise. In this environment learners are able to look at problems through multiple perspectives, generate their own solutions and build knowledge that uses the overlapping expertise of the online community.

  19. Kay Boyle et la revue transition (1927-1938) : « A new meaning to my life »

    OpenAIRE

    Mansanti, Céline

    2013-01-01

    Cet article s’intéresse au rôle de la petite revue américaine d’exil transition (Paris, 1927-1938) dans la formation et la carrière de Kay Boyle, et réciproquement, à l’apport de Boyle au modernisme de transition. La revue joue un rôle déterminant dans la vie et la carrière de l’écrivaine : elle y trouve un lieu de publication inédit (vingt textes publiés, essentiellement des poèmes et des nouvelles), le précieux soutien de Jolas, son directeur, y découvre de nouvelles écritures (celles des s...

  20. Decoherence in quantum gravity: issues and critiques

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An increasing number of papers have appeared in recent years on decoherence in quantum gravity at the Planck energy. We discuss the meaning of decoherence in quantum gravity starting from the common notion that quantum gravity is a theory for the microscopic structures of spacetime, and invoking some generic features of quantum decoherence from the open systems viewpoint. We dwell on a range of issues bearing on this process including the relation between statistical and quantum, noise from effective field theory, the meaning of stochasticity, the origin of non-unitarity and the nature of nonlocality in this and related contexts. To expound these issues we critique on two representative theories: One claims that decoherence in quantum gravity scale leads to the violation of CPT symmetry at sub-Planckian energy which is used to explain today's particle phenomenology. The other uses this process in place with the Brownian motion model to prove that spacetime foam behaves like a thermal bath. A companion paper will deal with intrinsic and fundamental decoherence which also bear on issues in classical and quantum gravity

  1. Art and the critique of the enlightenment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Novaković Marko

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Summary The aim of this paper is to provide an examination of the concept of aesthetic rationality in the philosophy of art of Theodor W. Adorno, related to his celebrated critique of the enlightenment in The Dialectic of the Enlightenment written with Max Horkheimer. Our main purpose is to show how Adorno’s conception of art responds to a problem posed in the former study, namely that of a dialectical self-enchantment and alienation of subjective reason. In the first two sections is shown how self-preservation of subjective reason leads to its fall into the realm of myth. This turn was dialectically exposed in Adorno’s interpretation of Odysseus’ voyage as prahistory of subjectivity. The next four chapters expose a necessity and mode of critical approach and possibility of a transcendence of this mythical reality of reification in the structure of works of art, especially their form, with its ultimate goal to free individuals from social injustice and unconscious enslavement. Adorno’s account of the dialectics of aesthetic semblance, artistic truth content and immanent law of its form which embodies the consciousness of non-identity provides an ex­planation how modern art mimetically manages to transcend conditions of empirical reality and at the same time offers a plausible model of a “transitive“ rationality, which serves to discover its better possibilities.

  2. Redefining disability: a rejoinder to a critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solveig Magnus Reindal

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Recently, scholars have argued that disability activists' redefinition of disability' as a social problem, rather than a medical problem, is maleficent, unjust, and inconsistent. It seems that the discussion on whether disability is a medical or a social category is not settled and that disability is an essentially contested concept. However, the question is: What is the social aspect in disability? It appears that there is some confusion as to what the social is in a social definition of disability. The article pursues possible reasons for this confusion by investigating the critique of the social model. This is followed by a discussion on what a possible space for the social might be in a social definition of disability. Such a space is illuminated by using the framework of the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning Disability and Health (ICF. The article suggests that disability as a social category is not inconsistent if reframed within a social relational model of disability.http://dx.doi.org/10.5324/eip.v4i1.1744

  3. University Ranking Systems; Criteria and Critiques

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yavuz SAKA

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to explore international university ranking systems. As a compilation study this paper provides specific criteria that each ranking system uses and main critiques regarding these ranking systems. Since there are many ranking systems in this area of research, this study focused on only most cited and referred ranking systems. As there is no consensus in terms of the criteria that these systems use, this paper has no intention of identifying the best ranking system based on a comparative analysis. Rather, this paper may inform relevant interest groups in higher education about the ranking systems and their decisive factors as universities attempt to place their names on the most known ranking systems. This study may provide brief but extensive information to Turkish Higher Education researchers and universities as they participate in Erasmus and Mevlana to open their doors to international higher education world. To become one of the top universities, this paper suggests that universities should know and understand the realities of international competitiveness in higher education and based on such understanding they can mold their physical, structural and academic futures toward achieving their visions and foundational missions.

  4. The reflexive self and culture: a critique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adams, Matthew

    2003-06-01

    This article attempts to engage with a tendency in the theorization of social change and self-identity, evident in the work of a number of contemporary social theorists, to place an extended process of reflexivity at the heart of modern identity. As symptomatic of 'neo-modern' accounts of selfhood, critical readings of Giddens, Beck, Castells and some aspects of social theory more generally, and their account of modern reflexivity's relationship to culture, are assessed. In light of these criticisms, ways in which culture might still play an important part in the shaping of identity are considered. The relationship between language, culture and reflexivity, drawing from philosophy, sociology and G. H. Mead's own brand of social psychology, are all utilized in establishing a critique of the role Giddens and others designate for culture in the constitution of the contemporary self. By potentially repositioning self-identity in its connection to culture, the overall bearing of reflexivity upon the processes of self-identity is thus questioned. It is argued that a culturally-situated, yet fluid and multifarious account of self-identity is a necessary analytical and normative alternative. PMID:12945868

  5. La chronologie du début du IIe millénaire revue à l'ombre d'une éclipse de soleil

    OpenAIRE

    Michel, Cécile; Rocher, Patrick

    2000-01-01

    à lire en lien avec Michel NABU 2002/20 International audience La chronologie du Proche-Orient ancien dans la première moitié du IIe millénaire av. J.-C. revue à l'examen d'une éclipse de soleil, des données dendrochronologiques, des données archéologiques, des sceaux et des textes cunéiformes.

  6. Les revues littéraires dans l’entre-deux-guerres entre France et Grèce. Réseaux, transferts culturels et traduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucile Arnoux-Farnoux

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Pendant l’entre-deux-guerres, certaines revues littéraires grecques adoptent uneattitude hellénocentriste, tandis que d’autres s’ouvrent au contraire largement à l’étranger.Cette ouverture se manifeste bien sûr par la publication d’oeuvres en traduction, maisaussi par un intérêt grandissant pour les revues étrangères, et en particulier françaises,qui se marque par l’emprunt d’articles et surtout par la création de rubriques spécialisées.Le but de ce travail est de mettre en lumière l’existence de relations privilégiées entrerevues grecques et revues françaises comme vecteurs de transferts culturels –qu’il s’agissede la reprise de modèles éditoriaux ou de la circulation de textes, d’idées ou même decollaborateurs–, d’évaluer la part que la traduction prend dans l’établissement de cesrelations et enfin de déterminer si on peut ou non parler dans ces cas de “réseau derevues”, comme cela a été fait dans d’autres contextes européens.

  7. Malcolm Knowles' Theory of Andragogy: A Critique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartree, Anne

    1984-01-01

    The author suggests that Knowles's concept of andragogy offers a philosophical position rather than a unified theory of adult learning. She examines weaknesses of the theory and discusses it in relation to humanistic psychology and existentialism. (SK)

  8. Literature, Immanent Critique, and the Problem of Standpoint

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neil Larsen

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available What might a method for critical theory that advances beyond the tenets of “ideology-critique” look like? For Neil Larsen, the answer lies in Marxism’s own recourse to immanent critique. Yet, with the notable exceptions of Adorno and Lukács, immanent critique has bothered little with the problem of standpoint in relation to cultural, and, in particular, literary objects. Larsen, then, attempts to specify an immanent critical standpoint of literature that allows for the articulation of a dialectical critique that dispenses with what he identifies as the “fallacy of application.” Demonstrating how any literary theory — Marxist and otherwise — is, of necessity, immanent to the text, this essay turns to the question of method as a means of grasping the relationship between the literary text as “subject/object” and the social totality.

  9. The Subject of Critique: Ricoeur in Dialogue with Feminist Philosophers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annemie Halsema

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to show the relevance of Ricœur’s notion of the self for postmodern feminist theory, but also to critically assess it. By bringing Ricœur’s “self” into dialogue with Braidotti’s, Irigaray’s and Butler’s conceptions of the subject, it shows that it is close to the feminist self in that it is articulated into language, is embodied and not fully conscious of itself. In the course of the argument, the major point of divergence also comes to light, namely, that the former considers discourse to be a laboratory for thought experiments, while the latter consider discourse to be normative, restrictive and exclusive. In the second part, the possibility of critique and change are further developed. Ricœur does not rule out critique, rather interpretation includes distanciation and critique. Finally, his notion of productive imagination explains how new identifications become possible. 

  10. "Critique" Immanent in "practice': New Frankfurt School and American pragmatism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    As a result of a new understanding of the relation between theory and representative,highly values the philosophical tradition of American pragmatism,in contrast to the first generation Critical Theorists represented by Max Horkheimer.In Habermas,the idea of "critique" is,both substantially and methodologically,closely connected with the idea of "praxis" in the following senses:communicative action,rational argumentation,public discussion and political culture."Critique" is thus found to be immanent in "praxis";or,a la Horkheimer,pragmatism turns out to be a "critical philosophical analysis" without "falling back upon objective reason and mythology."

  11. A feminist critique of research on women's work and health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Im, E O

    2000-03-01

    Research on women's work and health largely has failed to incorporate gender into the models of the processes through which work influences well-being. In this article, the research on women's work and health is critiqued from a feminist perspective; male-oriented and ethnocentric views on women's work are negated, and gender and socioeconomic issues are highlighted and included in the picture of women's work. Male-centered and ethnocentric views and assumptions on women's work are prevalent in the whole research process, and methodological limitations due to the distorted views are indicated. Based on the critique, some implications for future research on women's work and health are proposed. PMID:10818832

  12. Nursing research on physical activity: a feminist critique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Im, E

    2001-04-01

    Studies on physical activity have rarely included women as research participants, and have been mainly conducted among Western populations. In this paper, nursing research on women's physical activity is analyzed and critiqued using a feminist perspective that respects and values women's own experiences and their diversities. An extensive literature search was conducted using computerized data retrieval systems and 47 empirical studies published in nursing literature were selected and analyzed. The critique is presented with three main themes emerged from the analysis: (a) "without considering women's own experiences"; (b) "implicit androcentric and ethnocentric assumptions"; (c) "without meaningful interactions". Based on the analysis, future directions for nursing research on physical activity are proposed. PMID:11223059

  13. Contesting the Dominant Paradigm: Feminist Critiques of Liberal Legalism

    OpenAIRE

    Hunter, Rosemary

    2013-01-01

    The concept of ‘liberal legalism’ refers to a set of assumptions found within law in societies and regimes (such as the international legal order) in which liberalism is the dominant political philosophy. These assumptions broadly concern: (a) the nature of the legal person; and (b) the role of law. This chapter will provide an account of both of these aspects of liberal legalism, and the feminist critiques to which they have been subject. Feminist critiques have been mounted from a variety o...

  14. Literature, Immanent Critique, and the Problem of Standpoint

    OpenAIRE

    Neil Larsen

    2009-01-01

    What might a method for critical theory that advances beyond the tenets of “ideology-critique” look like? For Neil Larsen, the answer lies in Marxism’s own recourse to immanent critique. Yet, with the notable exceptions of Adorno and Lukács, immanent critique has bothered little with the problem of standpoint in relation to cultural, and, in particular, literary objects. Larsen, then, attempts to specify an immanent critical standpoint of literature that allows for the articulation of a diale...

  15. Negative Goals and Identity: Revisiting Sen's Critique of Homo Economicus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christoph Hanisch

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Sen's critique of the homo economicus conception of choice asserts that agents who 'displace' their goals, and instead choose on the basis of others', are not therefore irrational. I first defend Sen against the objection that violations of "self-goal choice" undermine coherent deliberation. My critique of Sen then introduces the notion of 'negative goals' and shows that the process of adopting others' aims remains constrained by those 'goals' that determine the spectrum of actions that an agent considers permissible. Only on rare occasions are we pushed to violate even these negative goals that play a central role for our identities.

  16. Negative Goals and Identity: Revisiting Sen's Critique of Homo Economicus

    OpenAIRE

    Christoph Hanisch

    2013-01-01

    Sen’s critique of the homo economicus conception of choice asserts that agents who ‘displace’ their goals, and instead choose on the basis of others’, are not therefore irrational. I first defend Sen against the objection that violations of “self-goal choice” undermine coherent deliberation. My critique of Sen then introduces the notion of ‘negative goals’ and shows that the process of adopting others’ aims remains constrained by those ‘goals’ that determine the spectrum of actions that an ag...

  17. Antagonism, social critique and the ‘violent reverie’

    OpenAIRE

    Hook, Derek

    2014-01-01

    This paper opens up a series of windows on racialised life in past and present South Africa as a way arguing for the value of antagonism as a mode of critical enquiry. Sampling a cross-section of recent writing on South African race politics, the paper calls attention both to strident critiques of white privilege, and to concerns over allegedly anti-white populism. Chabani Manganyi’s notion of the violent reverie is used to argue that such oppositional critique affords a crucial expressive mo...

  18. The Critique of The Moral Worldview

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ezra Heymann

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumen:El examen de la visión moral del mundo que Hegel realiza en la Fenomenología del Espíritu VI C es polémico y hostil en sus acentos. Sin embargo, las objeciones puntuales a los planteamientos comunes a la ética kantiana y fichteana son justas y deben ser tenidas en cuenta cuando tratamos de rescatar lo que la ética kantiana tiene de convincente.La crítica de Hegel se centra en la relación que se da en todo actuar entre la conciencia y la naturaleza: tanto la naturaleza a la cual la acción se aplica y en medio de la cual se desenvuelve, como la naturaleza interior que alimenta y da fuerza ejecutiva al pensar y querer. Hegel muestra que la reivindicación de una autarquía de la conciencia moral no es sólo quimérica; ella desconoce la razón de ser y la posibilidad interna de la acción. Al poner de manifiesto la esencial incompletitud de todo saber moral, sea en la forma de una conciencia en general, sea en la de una individualidad que se autoafirma, Hegel abre una perspectiva a su noción de espíritu absoluto, entendido como la conciencia que reconoce en la contrariedad y en su insuficiencia su propio y adecuado elemento vital. Abstract:Hegel's examination of the “moral worldview” in his Phenomenology of Spirit , VI C, is anything but friendly. Nevertheless, his precise objections to the common basis of Kant's and Fichte's ethics are justified, and we must give them due attention if we want to work out what we find convincing in Kantian ethics. Hegel's critique focuses on the relationship between consciousness and nature: both the world in which action takes place and develops, and our inner nature which nurtures and gives executive force to our thought and our inclinations. To consider moral consciousness autarchic is not only unrealistic, according to Hegel; it also means to ignore the rationale and the internal possibility of action. By revealing the essential incompleteness of all moral knowledge, this chapter opens a

  19. Funds of Knowledge--A Conceptual Critique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oughton, Helen

    2010-01-01

    The concept of "funds of knowledge" is critically reviewed, tracing a history of the term's changing use since its original conception by Velez-Ibanez and Greenberg in the late 1980s, and discussing its relevance in adult literacy and numeracy classrooms. An attempt is made to locate the concept within wider theoretical frameworks, and in…

  20. Critical Thinking and the Question of Critique: Some Lessons from Deconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biesta, Gert J. J.; Stams, Geert Jan J. M.

    2001-01-01

    Provides some philosophical groundwork for contemporary debates about the idea of critical thinking. Discusses three styles of critique: critical dogmatism, transcendental critique (Karl-Otto Apel), and deconstruction (Jacques Derrida). Argues that while transcendental critique is able to solve some of the problems of the dogmatic approach to…

  1. From Hamburg to Belem: The Limits of Technocratic Thinking in Adult Learning Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres, Carlos Alberto

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses some of the generalized analyses of adult learning education, mostly informed by technocratic thinking, highlighting perceived trends in adult learning education between CONFINTEA V and CONFITEA VI. Those trends could be understood as challenges. Employing a political sociology of adult learning education as a critique of…

  2. New Directions in Education? A Critique of Contemporary Policy Reforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skourdoumbis, Andrew

    2016-01-01

    This paper draws on facets of Foucault's theoretical resources to critique current education policy reform from within the Australian State of Victoria, namely the Department of Education and Early Childhood Development's (DEECD) discussion paper "New directions for school leadership and the teaching profession." Implicit in the reform…

  3. Automated Guidance for Thermodynamics Essays: Critiquing versus Revisiting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donnelly, Dermot F.; Vitale, Jonathan M.; Linn, Marcia C.

    2015-01-01

    Middle school students struggle to explain thermodynamics concepts. In this study, to help students succeed, we use a natural language processing program to analyze their essays explaining the aspects of thermodynamics and provide guidance based on the automated score. The 346 sixth-grade students were assigned to either the critique condition…

  4. Psychometric Properties of the Gesell Developmental Assessment: A Critique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shepard, Lorrie A.

    1992-01-01

    Critiques Walker's article in this issue. Argues that Walker's data do not meet technical standards regarding individual placement tests for normative comparisons, interjudge reliability, or predictive validity, and therefore do not justify the use of the Gesell test to place children in developmental kindergarten or transitional first grade. (GLR)

  5. Max Weber's Critique of the Bureaucratisation of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Madan, Amman

    2014-01-01

    In this commentary, the author discusses the critique by Max Weber and his views on bureaucratisation of education. The modern school, said Max Weber (1864-1920) over a hundred years ago, has as its educational ideal the bureaucrat and no longer the cultivated elite of older times. The shift to modernity and to its characteristic institution, the…

  6. A critique of the ontology of consumer enchantment

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østergaard, Per; Fitchett, James; Jantzen, Christian

    2013-01-01

    theoretical contributions to the area, first summarizing Max Weber's initial outline of the notion of disenchantment in the Protestant Ethic and Spirit of Capitalism. We then consider Colin Campbell's critique of Weber and George Ritzer's development in Enchanting a Disenchanted World. Finally, we apply Jean...

  7. Identities in Online Communities: A Young Woman's Critique of Cyberculture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guzzetti, Barbara J.

    2008-01-01

    Cyberculture has been more celebrated as establishing sites of possibilities than critiqued as a source of limitations for identity representation. Few researchers have explored through "in situ" interviews and their own online participation how electronic forums may actually prevent young women's representations of themselves in cyberspace.…

  8. The Expression of Experience: Code's Critique of Gilligan's Abortion Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pitt, Alice

    1991-01-01

    Presents a response to Lorraine Code's critique of Carol Gilligan's abortion study. Urges that abortion be read as a socially constructed experience based on more than women's moral decisions. Discusses language and experience to present abortion as an area of contested meaning in historical and ideological constructions of social life. (DK)

  9. Feminism and psychology: critiques of methods and epistemology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eagly, Alice H; Riger, Stephanie

    2014-10-01

    Starting in the 1960s, many of the critiques of psychological science offered by feminist psychologists focused on its methods and epistemology. This article evaluates the current state of psychological science in relation to this feminist critique. The analysis relies on sources that include the PsycINFO database, the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (American Psychological Association, 2010), and popular psychology methods textbooks. After situating the feminist critique within the late-20th-century shift of science from positivism to postpositivism, the inquiry examines feminists' claims of androcentric bias in (a) the underrepresentation of women as researchers and research participants and (b) researchers' practices in comparing women and men and describing their research findings. In most of these matters, psychology manifests considerable change in directions advocated by feminists. However, change is less apparent in relation to some feminists' criticisms of psychology's reliance on laboratory experimentation and quantitative methods. In fact, the analyses documented the rarity in high-citation journals of qualitative research that does not include quantification. Finally, the analysis frames feminist methodological critiques by a consideration of feminist epistemologies that challenge psychology's dominant postpositivism. Scrutiny of methods textbooks and journal content suggests that within psychological science, especially as practiced in the United States, these alternative epistemologies have not yet gained substantial influence. PMID:25046701

  10. World Bank Education Policy: Do the Neoliberal Critiques Still Apply?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oise, Francine Menashy

    2007-01-01

    Throughout much of the 1990s, the overriding critique of the World Bank was placed on its neoliberal mandate, reflected in its various education measures. However, recently the Bank seems to have taken a notable shift away from this ideological stance in its rhetoric and initiatives. This paper attempts to ascertain the degree to which the…

  11. Course Critiques: What Students Can Tell Us about Educational Efficacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porter, David B.

    A course critique based on a multi-channel model of education has been developed and administered to 1,599 students enrolled at the U.S. Air Force Academy in the 1988 spring semester. The single-page instrument asks students to evaluate contributions the overall course made to their personal enjoyment, critical thinking, and subject knowledge, as…

  12. Response to Pienemann's Critique of Zhang and Lantolf (2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lantolf, James P.; Zhang, Xian

    2015-01-01

    We respond here to Pienemann's critique of our study that appeared earlier this year in the Language Learning Special Issue entitled "Orders and Sequences in the Acquisition of L2 Morphosyntax, 40 Years On" and guest edited by Jan Hulstijn, Rod Ellis, and Søren Eskildsen. Pienemann objected to our claim that the Teachability Hypothesis…

  13. Feminism and psychology: critiques of methods and epistemology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eagly, Alice H; Riger, Stephanie

    2014-10-01

    Starting in the 1960s, many of the critiques of psychological science offered by feminist psychologists focused on its methods and epistemology. This article evaluates the current state of psychological science in relation to this feminist critique. The analysis relies on sources that include the PsycINFO database, the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (American Psychological Association, 2010), and popular psychology methods textbooks. After situating the feminist critique within the late-20th-century shift of science from positivism to postpositivism, the inquiry examines feminists' claims of androcentric bias in (a) the underrepresentation of women as researchers and research participants and (b) researchers' practices in comparing women and men and describing their research findings. In most of these matters, psychology manifests considerable change in directions advocated by feminists. However, change is less apparent in relation to some feminists' criticisms of psychology's reliance on laboratory experimentation and quantitative methods. In fact, the analyses documented the rarity in high-citation journals of qualitative research that does not include quantification. Finally, the analysis frames feminist methodological critiques by a consideration of feminist epistemologies that challenge psychology's dominant postpositivism. Scrutiny of methods textbooks and journal content suggests that within psychological science, especially as practiced in the United States, these alternative epistemologies have not yet gained substantial influence.

  14. The econometrics of the Holy Grail: A critique (Revised version)

    OpenAIRE

    Keuzenkamp, H.A.

    1995-01-01

    This paper discusses the methodological views of David Hendry. A critique is given on the reification of the so-called Data Generating Process. The merits of general to specific modelling are analyzed. Hendry's neo-Popperian philosophy is examined. It is argued that this philosophy is not able to transform econometrics from `alchemy' to `science'.

  15. L'impasse pulsionnelle : Castoriadis, lecteur critique de Freud

    OpenAIRE

    Premat, Christophe

    2007-01-01

    Juillet-août 2007; Si Castoriadis critique les formulations diverses du concept de pulsion dans l'œuvre de Freud, ce n'est pas pour abandonner le terme au profit d'un autre, mais pour approfondir ce qu'il traduit.

  16. An ideology critique of the use-value of mathematics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pais, Alexandre

    2013-01-01

    on this issue. It will be argued that the use-value attributed to school mathematics disavows its value as part of a political and economic structure, which requires school mathematics to perform other roles than the one related with utility. This critique will be illustrated through the exploration...

  17. Critique and Fiction: Doing Science Right in Rural Education Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howley, Craig B.

    2006-01-01

    This essay explains the relevance of critique in rural education to novels about rural places. The most important quoted passage in the essay is from the noted physicist Richard Feynman: "Science is the belief in the ignorance of experts." Novelist-physicist C. P. Snow, historian Henry Adams, and poet and student-of-mathematics Kelly Cherry also…

  18. The silencing of Kierkegaard in Habermas' critique of genetic enhancement

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Karin

    2009-01-01

    The main purpose of this paper is to draw attention to an important part of Habermas' critique of genetic enhancement, which has been largely ignored in the discussion; namely his use of Kierkegaard's reflections on the existential conditions for becoming one-self from Either/or and The Sickness ...

  19. Five Critiques of the Open Educational Resources Movement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knox, Jeremy

    2013-01-01

    This paper will review existing literature on Open Educational Resources (OER). It is intended to examine and critique the theories which underpin the promotion of OER in higher education, not provide guidance on their implementation. (1) I will introduce the concepts of positive and negative liberty to suggest an under-theorisation of the term…

  20. Critiquing War in the Classroom: Professor Positionality, Vulnerability, and Possibility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taber, Nancy

    2014-01-01

    This article describes an analytic autoethnographical research study focusing on my experiences developing, delivering, and evaluating course content critiquing war from a feminist anti-militarist perspective as a pre-tenured faculty member. Themes include: professional vulnerability, student resistance, pedagogical possibility, and scholarly…

  1. Cultural Journalism and Cultural Critique in a changing Media Landscape

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nørgaard Kristensen, Nete; From, Unni

    2015-01-01

    This special issue addresses a topic of journalism studies that has previously been somewhat neglected but which has gained increasing scholarly attention since the mid-2000s: the coverage and evaluation of art and culture, or what we term “cultural journalism and cultural critique...

  2. Peut-on penser le travail par le don ? Débat avec la rédaction de la Nouvelle Revue du Travail Conceptualising work as a gift? Debate with editors of the Nouvelle Revue du Travail ¿Es posible pensar el trabajo a través del don? Debate con el comité de redacción de la Nouvelle Revue du Travail

    OpenAIRE

    Alain Caillé; Norbert Alter

    2012-01-01

    Dans un échange avec la Nouvelle Revue du Travail, Alain Caillé et Norbert Alter soutiennent leur lecture maussienne des réalités contemporaines du travail en discutant les questions centrales du capitalisme, du salariat, de l’entreprise et du travail sociologique. Cet échange fait suite aux contributions d’Alain Caillé et Norbert Alter dans ce Chorus « Peut-on penser le travail par le don ? De la mise en œuvre du paradigme du don contre-don en sociologie du travail. »In an exchange with the ...

  3. ‘Toning’ up hypotonia assessment: A proposal and critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pragashnie Govender (nee' Naidoo

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Clinical assessment of hypotonia is challenging due to the subjective nature of the initial clinical evaluation. This poses dilemmas for practitioners in gaining accuracy, given that the presentation of hypotonia can be either a non-threatening or malevolent sign. The research question posed was how clinical assessment can be improved, given the current contentions expressed in the scientific literature.Objectives: This paper describes the development and critique of a clinical algorithm to aid the assessment of hypotonia.Methods: An initial exploratory sequential phase, consisting of a systematic review, a survey amongst clinicians and a Delphi process, assisted in the development of the algorithm, which is presented within the framework of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. The ensuing critique followed a qualitative emergent–systematic focus group design with a purposive sample of 59 clinicians. Data were analysed using semantical content analysis and are presented thematically with analytical considerations.Results: This study culminated in the development of an evidence-based clinical algorithm for practice. The qualitative critique of the algorithm considered aspects such as inadequacies, misconceptions and omissions; strengths; clinical use; resource implications; and recommendations.Conclusions: The first prototype and critique of a clinical algorithm to assist the clinical assessment of hypotonia in children has been described. Barriers highlighted include aspects related to knowledge gaps of clinicians, issues around user-friendliness and formatting concerns. Strengths identified by the critique included aspects related to the evidence-based nature of the criteria within the algorithm, the suitability of the algorithm in being merged or extending current practice, the potential of the algorithm in aiding more accurate decision-making, the suitability of the algorithm across age groups

  4. Le rôle politique des revues conservatrices aux Etats-Unis depuis les années 1980

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Cécile Naves

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available L’article vise à étudier, à travers l’exemple de la théorie de la « Fin de l’Histoire » de Fukuyama, en quoi la revue américaine The National Interest est, à l’instar d’autres revues conservatrices, un instrument médiatique crucial pour la diffusion de certains idéaux du Parti Républicain aux Etats-Unis depuis le milieu des années 1980. Il s’agit par là même de réfléchir aux conditions de production et de diffusion de cette théorie, dans un contexte géopolitique et intellectuel exceptionnel, celui de la fin de la guerre froide. L’évolution des liens entre intellectuels et pouvoir politique américains, avec pour enjeu, depuis le début des années 1980, la politique étrangère, sont au cœur de cette réflexion.El artículo intenta estudiar a través del ejemplo de la teoría del « Fin de la Historia » de Fukuyama, hasta que punto la revista americana The National Interest es, a semejanza de otras revistas conservadoras, un instrumento crucial para la difusión de algunos ideales del partido republicano en los estados Unidos desde mediados de los años ochenta. Se trata de reflexionar sobre las condiciones de producción y de difusión de esta teoría, en un contexto geopolítico e intelectual excepcional, el del final de la guerra fría. El centro de esta reflexión es la evolución de las relaciones entre los intelectuales y el poder político americano, teniendo como telón de fondo, la política exterior.The article aims at studying, through the example of Fukuyama’s theory of the « End of History », how the American journal The National Interest, as other conservative journals, has, since the mid 1980s, been a crucial media instrument for the dissemination of some ideals of the Republican Party. We have thus to think about the conditions of production and dissemination of this theory in an exceptional geopolitical and intellectual context – the end of the cold war. The changing links between

  5. Peut-on penser le travail par le don ? Débat avec la rédaction de la Nouvelle Revue du Travail

    OpenAIRE

    Caillé, Alain; Alter, Norbert

    2012-01-01

    Dans un échange avec la Nouvelle Revue du Travail, Alain Caillé et Norbert Alter soutiennent leur lecture maussienne des réalités contemporaines du travail en discutant les questions centrales du capitalisme, du salariat, de l’entreprise et du travail sociologique. Cet échange fait suite aux contributions d’Alain Caillé et Norbert Alter dans ce Chorus « Peut-on penser le travail par le don ? De la mise en œuvre du paradigme du don contre-don en sociologie du travail. »

  6. Entre Classicisme et Modernité : La Nouvelle Revue Française dans le champ littéraire de la Belle Epoque

    OpenAIRE

    Koffeman-Bijman, M.N.

    2003-01-01

    The literary review La Nouvelle Revue Française enjoys an enormous prestige in France. In Entre Classicisme et Modernité, Maaike Koffeman explores the origins of this legend of French literary life by means of a historical, literary and sociological analysis of the first years of the review s existence (1908-1914). She shows that the NRF owes its remarkable success not only to its high literary standards, but also to the strategies employed by its editors in order to conquer a dominant positi...

  7. Panorama du paysage des revues de sciences de l’information et de la communication avant qu’il ne change

    OpenAIRE

    Rasse, Paul; Pélissier, Nicolas; Colin, Magali; Fleuret, Étienne; Gresillaud, Sylvie; Guichard, Marc; Hoel, Pascaline; Rageot, Laurence

    2013-01-01

    Les revues occupent une place essentielle au sein du dispositif d’intelligence collective que constitue la science et contribuent activement à la légitimation des connaissances dont elles assurent la publicité, et qu’elles donnent à savoir et à discuter. Dans les sciences dures, les articles publiés préalablement servent de socle à toute nouvelle recherche et assurent ainsi la commutativité des savoirs. Cités en notes, ils donnent à voir les étapes de réalisation, la progressivité ou les rupt...

  8. Matricide: a critique of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heide, Kathleen M; Frei, Autumn

    2010-01-01

    Matricide, the killing of mothers by their biological children, is a very rare event, comprising less that 2% of all U.S. homicides in which the victim-offender relationship is known. This manuscript examines more than 20 years of U.S. homicides to determine the age and gender characteristics of matricide offenders. These data reveal that most mothers are killed by their adult sons. Daughters younger than 18 years are the most infrequent killers of mothers. This article examines the incidence of parricide, the involvement of sons and daughters in matricidal incidents, and synthesizes the literature in terms of offender gender. Special attention is given to female matricide offenders, given the lack of research currently available with respect to this population. Implications for practice, policy, and research are discussed. PMID:19875385

  9. Revue critique de trois outils de modélisation intégrée du territoire et de l’environnement pour la planification en amérique du nord.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Philippe Waaub

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Le processus de planification territoriale et environnementale a pour objectif de produire à la fois des idées tout autant que de l’information afin d'éclairer et de guider les praticiens en aménagement du territoire vers des décisions dont ils conservent, ultimement, la responsabilité. Il en résulte une complexité tant aux niveaux conceptuel que méthodologique qui impose l’usage d’outils et de méthodes nombreux et variés : méthodes d’enquêtes et de statistiques, systèmes d’information géographique, aide multicritère à la décision, modèles physiques et/ou conceptuels, méthodes de gestion participative etc. Trouver les modalités d’une articulation fonctionnelle entre ces outils et leurs objets nécessite une réflexion sur (1 l’objet d’étude lui-même, (2 le potentiel d’intégration des interactions et des contingences environnement/société par l’outil de modélisation, et (3 le potentiel de synthèse de l’information géographique, en termes d’enjeux soutenant l’aide à la décision. Notre contribution vise à présenter trois outils de modélisation utilisés en planification territoriale et environnementale au cours de ces 25 dernières années en Amérique du Nord. Ces trois outils sont (1 la modélisation cartographique, d’inspiration naturaliste et axée sur l’objectivation du milieu physique, (2 la modélisation visuelle ou géovisualisation, davantage dirigée vers le paysage, et (3 la modélisation spatiale proprement dite qui regroupe les automates cellulaires et les approches multiagents, destinés à la modélisation des interactions fines entre les individus, et entre les individus et leur territoire. Ces trois approches constituent un corpus d’outils dont l’intérêt d’utilisation réside dans le traitement qu’ils permettent d’un aspect en particulier de l’espace géographique : le milieu naturel, le paysage, le territoire, lesquels composent le géosystème.Regional planning process must produce ideas, not only geographical information. Moreover, this process is not intended to substitute to the role of decision-makers but rather to inform them and guide them towards decisions for which they preserve responsibility. There is a large set of tools and methods existing to assume the inherent complexity of regional planning process : statistics and surveys, GIS, multicriteria decision aid, physical and/or conceptual model, participatory methods etc. Finding a functional articulation between these tools and their objects requires a reflection on (1 the object of study itself, (2 the integration capabilities of the tools, and (3 their synthesis capabilities. Here, we are addressing three modeling tools used in territorial and environmental planning during the past 25 years in North America. This tool set is based on (1 ecological mapping where focus is put on the description of natural/physical landscape, (2 landscape-oriented visual modeling or geovisualization, and (3 spatial modelling which includes cellular automata and multiagent systems which use are intended for the detailed modeling of interactions between individuals and between individuals and their living space. These three approaches are forming a corpus of tools that allow us to address one of the aspects of geographical space : the natural environment, the landscape, the territory, which built-up the geosystem.

  10. Beyond transculturalism: critiques of cultural education in nursing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campesino, Maureen

    2008-07-01

    New and innovative educational approaches are needed to prepare a workforce that responds to diverse needs of people from a wide variety of cultural backgrounds, languages, and worldviews. Despite some movement toward standardization of cultural curricular content, there remains a lack of consensus regarding pedagogical approaches to cultural education in nursing. An increasing number of nurse scholars have identified significant limitations in the process of cultural education in nursing and transcultural nursing theory. These critiques reflect a schism in the discipline regarding foundational theoretical perspectives and conceptualizations of culturally competent health care. This article offers a synthesis of transcultural nursing critiques that have appeared in the nursing literature over the past decade and explicates the philosophical tensions that underlie the varying pedagogical approaches to cultural education in nursing. PMID:18630715

  11. The Ambivalence of Creative Activism as a Reorganization of Critique

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Harrebye, Silas

    2015-01-01

    This article identifies an emerging type of critique and defines it as creative activism. It is argued why this is distinguishable from earlier similar forms of protests and shown why traditional theories of political art, social movements and citizenship are in themselves insufficient to accurat......This article identifies an emerging type of critique and defines it as creative activism. It is argued why this is distinguishable from earlier similar forms of protests and shown why traditional theories of political art, social movements and citizenship are in themselves insufficient...... to accurately describe and understand the normative ambivalence of what is also known as culture jamming. Irony and utopia are proposed as analytical concepts supplementing these existing theoretical frameworks. It is also demonstrated how these alternative perspectives can be fruitfully applied to understand...

  12. Commentary: deconstructing critiques on the internationalization of PTSD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Jong, Joop T V M

    2005-09-01

    When PTSD entered the DSM, advocacy for the diagnosis was a critical part of advocacy for Vietnam veterans. Over the next two decades, the range of contexts in which this clinical concept was applied increased dramatically. In a recent article in Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry, Breslau (2004) describes PTSD as a "prominent cultural model" to account for suffering as well as the synergy between human rights or political advocacy and traumatic stress advocacy. In this article I question the sequence of steps that Breslau took to critique the internationalization of the PTSD construct. I also question Breslau's critique on our work in Nepal. Finally, I will formulate some future challenges for psychiatry and anthropology to bridge their universalistic and relativistic points of view.

  13. A critique of statistical hypothesis testing in clinical research

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Somik Raha

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Many have documented the difficulty of using the current paradigm of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs to test and validate the effectiveness of alternative medical systems such as Ayurveda. This paper critiques the applicability of RCTs for all clinical knowledge-seeking endeavors, of which Ayurveda research is a part. This is done by examining statistical hypothesis testing, the underlying foundation of RCTs, from a practical and philosophical perspective. In the philosophical critique, the two main worldviews of probability are that of the Bayesian and the frequentist. The frequentist worldview is a special case of the Bayesian worldview requiring the unrealistic assumptions of knowing nothing about the universe and believing that all observations are unrelated to each other. Many have claimed that the first belief is necessary for science, and this claim is debunked by comparing variations in learning with different prior beliefs. Moving beyond the Bayesian and frequentist worldviews, the notion of hypothesis testing itself is challenged on the grounds that a hypothesis is an unclear distinction, and assigning a probability on an unclear distinction is an exercise that does not lead to clarity of action. This critique is of the theory itself and not any particular application of statistical hypothesis testing. A decision-making frame is proposed as a way of both addressing this critique and transcending ideological debates on probability. An example of a Bayesian decision-making approach is shown as an alternative to statistical hypothesis testing, utilizing data from a past clinical trial that studied the effect of Aspirin on heart attacks in a sample population of doctors. As a big reason for the prevalence of RCTs in academia is legislation requiring it, the ethics of legislating the use of statistical methods for clinical research is also examined.

  14. A critique of statistical hypothesis testing in clinical research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raha, Somik

    2011-07-01

    Many have documented the difficulty of using the current paradigm of Randomized Controlled Trials (RCTs) to test and validate the effectiveness of alternative medical systems such as Ayurveda. This paper critiques the applicability of RCTs for all clinical knowledge-seeking endeavors, of which Ayurveda research is a part. This is done by examining statistical hypothesis testing, the underlying foundation of RCTs, from a practical and philosophical perspective. In the philosophical critique, the two main worldviews of probability are that of the Bayesian and the frequentist. The frequentist worldview is a special case of the Bayesian worldview requiring the unrealistic assumptions of knowing nothing about the universe and believing that all observations are unrelated to each other. Many have claimed that the first belief is necessary for science, and this claim is debunked by comparing variations in learning with different prior beliefs. Moving beyond the Bayesian and frequentist worldviews, the notion of hypothesis testing itself is challenged on the grounds that a hypothesis is an unclear distinction, and assigning a probability on an unclear distinction is an exercise that does not lead to clarity of action. This critique is of the theory itself and not any particular application of statistical hypothesis testing. A decision-making frame is proposed as a way of both addressing this critique and transcending ideological debates on probability. An example of a Bayesian decision-making approach is shown as an alternative to statistical hypothesis testing, utilizing data from a past clinical trial that studied the effect of Aspirin on heart attacks in a sample population of doctors. As a big reason for the prevalence of RCTs in academia is legislation requiring it, the ethics of legislating the use of statistical methods for clinical research is also examined.

  15. Perversion and pathology: a critique of psychoanalytic criticism in art

    OpenAIRE

    Holmes, Lucille

    2012-01-01

    For over three decades, Jacques Lacan denounced ego psychology for its emphasis on a strong and well-adapted ego. This article recruits the principle of that critique to examine the use of psychoanalytic theories in contemporary art criticism, with specific focus on the subject of perversion, Freudo-Lacanian psychoanalysis, and the work of art critic Donald Kuspit. The discussion examines the main influences and concepts in Kuspit’s psychoanalytic criticism, analyses specific differences betw...

  16. Workshop in Moodle: a tool for peer critiquing

    OpenAIRE

    Brown, C.; Honeychurch, S.; Munro, J

    2011-01-01

    This paper will begin with a brief discussion of the benefits of peer assessment and peer critiquing. In particular, it will examine how both can be beneficial in helping to introduce, and reinforce, valuable graduate attributes in students throughout their university careers. It will then examine the tools available at the University of Glasgow and evaluate them in terms of their strengths and weaknesses. In order to explain this in detail, a real life case study from a third year c...

  17. Retrieving Biko: a black consciousness critique of whiteness

    OpenAIRE

    Hook, Derek

    2011-01-01

    There is an important history often neglected by genealogies of ‘critical whiteness studies’: Steve Biko's Black Consciousness critique of white liberalism. What would it mean to retrieve this criticism in the context of white anti-racism in the post-apartheid era? Said's (2003) contrapuntal method proves useful here as a juxtaposing device whereby the writings of a past figure can be critically harnessed, travelling across temporal and ideological boundaries to interrogate the present. Four ...

  18. Remarques sur la sociologie critique et la sociologie aseptique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcel Rioux (1919-1992

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Article paru pour la première fois dans la revue Sociologie et sociétés, vol. 1, no1, 1969, pp. 53-67, et publié ici avec la permission des Presses de l’Université de Montréal. Il est présenté par Julien Forgues Lecavalier, Marcel Fournier et Jacques Hamel.Marcel Rioux’s text first published in 1969 in Sociologie et Sociétés, vol. 1, no 1, pp. 53-67, and published here with the kind authorization of the Presses de l’Université Laval. This text is introduceded by Julien Forgues Lecavalier, Marcel Fournier and Jacques Hamel.Escrito Marcel Rioux publicado por primera vez enSociologie et Sociétés en 1969, vol. 1, no 1, pp. 53-67, y aquí publicado con la amable autorización de Les Presses de l’Université Laval. Prólogo de Julien Forgues Lecavalier, Marcel Fournier y Jacques Hamel.

  19. The Foucault-Habermas Debate: the Reflexive and Receptive Aspects of Critique

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ejvind

    2005-01-01

    In this paper I discuss the relationship between two different approaches to critical theory – the reflective and the receptive approaches. I show how it can be fruitful to discuss the relationship between Habermas and Foucault through this distinction. My point is that whereas Habermas focusses...... on critique as a reflexive activity, Foucault mainly focusses on the receptive conditions for critique to be possible. I argue further that Foucault focusses on the receptive aspects of critique, the quest for universality is not as pressing as it is in Habermas’ approach, because problematizing critique can...

  20. Interpretations of Jurgen Habermas in Adult Education Writings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connelly, Brian

    1996-01-01

    Habermas' work has influenced Mezirow's perspective transformation theory as well as schools of thought in critical thinking and critical theory. However, some interpretations of Habermas do not demonstrate familiarity with his work nor critiques outside of education, posing challenges to adult education grounded in his theories. (SK)

  1. Etude de la regeneration naturelle controlee en foret tropicale humide de Guadeloupe. 1: Revue bibliographique, milieu naturel et elaboration d'un protocole experimental

    OpenAIRE

    Ducrey, Michel; Labbe, Patrick

    1985-01-01

    Après une revue bibliographique des études sur la régénération naturelle des forêts tropicales, les auteurs donnent des informations sur la forêt hygrophile de Guadeloupe. Cette forêt présente l’originalité dans le monde tropical d’être riche en un nombre limité d’espèces précieuses. Deux espèces principales : le gommier (Dacryodes excelsa) et le bois rouge carapate (Amanoa caribaea) représentent respectivement 20,7 p. 100 et 12,6 p. 100 du nombre de tiges total. Six autres espèces, bi...

  2. Tuberculome myocardique: localisation inhabituelle de la tuberculoseà propos d'une nouvelle observation avec une revue de la littérature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambatten, Dalal; Hammi, Sanaa; Rhofir, Yasmina; Bourkadi, Jamal Eddine

    2016-01-01

    Nous rapportons l'observation d'un patient de 50 ans présentant une masse tumorale du ventricule gauche évoluant dans un contexte d'altération de l’état général et de fièvre. Cette masse a été objectivée par l’échocardiographie réalisée pour l'exploration d'une cardiomégalie radiologique. L'aspect en imagerie par résonance magnétique était évocateur d'un tuberculome intra myocardique. A travers notre observation, nous proposons une revue de la littérature sur cette localisation inhabituelle de la tuberculose. PMID:27583096

  3. « Varia », Revue Française de Pédagogie, n° 176, juillet-août-septembre 2011

    OpenAIRE

    Mabilon-Bonfils, Béatrice

    2012-01-01

    La livraison de la Revue Française de Pédagogie n’est pas thématique : elle propose six articles qui éclairent par l’exemple la féconde pluridisciplinarité constitutive des sciences de l’éducation. L’école française est trop et trop tôt sélective. Dans une course aux meilleures positions, la méritocratie scolaire se traduit par la distinction d‘une minorité (socialement définie) et par une relégation rapide et particulièrement coûteuse de nombreux jeunes. Le chiffrage est permanent à l’école ...

  4. Report on the working group on critique of source concepts

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Working Group on Critique of Source Concepts examined and evaluated the proposed reactor- and accelerator-based steady state neutron source concepts with regard to: performance and fit to user needs, technical feasibility and R and D requirements, capital and operating costs, and unique safety or siting issues. A more or less conventional, D2O cooled and moderated research reactor, utilizing evolutionary advances in aluminum plate-fuel technology, can produce the desired 1016 n/cm2s flux levels in a large, accessible, user-friendly environment, with a relatively modest and low-risk R and D program, and at the lowest cost

  5. Report on the working group on 'Critique of Source Concepts'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The working group on ''Critique of Source Concepts'' examined and evaluated the proposed reactor- and accelerator-based steady state neutron source concepts with regard to: performance and fit to user needs, technical feasibility and R and D requirements, capital and operating costs, and unique safety or siting issues. A more or less conventional, D2O cooled and moderated research reactor, utilizing evolutionary advances in aluminum plate-fuel technology, can produce the desired 1016 n/cm2s flux levels in a large, accessible, user-friendly environment, with a relatively modest and low-risk R and D program, and at the lowest cost. (orig.)

  6. The Critical Turn in Intercultural Communication : Critiquing Culture as Nation

    OpenAIRE

    BRADLEY, William S.

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes the critical turn in Intercultural Communication. I first outline a brief history of the field, including its reception and development in Japan and then introduce several critiques that have been made of the field in the past decade, subsumed under the name of critical intercultural communication. Finally I raise the question of connection to nationalism in nation-state focused approaches to culture in normative intercultural communication. 本論文は、異文化コミュニケーションに対する批判的変容について...

  7. A Critique of the 'American Accent' and Linguistic Imperialism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康建刚

    2007-01-01

    Linguistic imperialism has been widespread throughout the world, especially when English has become the dominant has brought about the abundance of a lot of training programmes and websites such as www.americanaccent.com.This essay analyses this website from the perspectives of micro- and macro-indexicalities and presents a critique of the linguistic imperialism.Moreover, the article gives suggestions as to how to take advantage of the language resources for our best benefit and at the same time how to resist the linguistic hegemony in our teaching and learning of the English language.

  8. Critique of Exotica: Music, Politics and the Culture Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Hutnyk, John

    2000-01-01

    In this book John Hutnyk questions the meaning of cultural hybridity. Using the growing popularity of Asian culture in the West as a case study, he looks at just who benefits from this intermingling of culture. Focusing on music, race and politics, Hutnyk offers a cogently theorised critique of the culture industry. He looks at artists such as Asian Dub Foundation, FunDaMental and Apache Indian to see how their music is both produced and received. He analyses ‘world’ music festivals, raci...

  9. A Critique of `Trees as a Local Climatic Wind Indicator'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hennessey, Joseph P., Jr.

    1980-08-01

    This comment reviews many of the problems associated with using deformed vegetation as an indicator of mean annual wind speed and wind power potential. It critiques the Wade and Hewson (1979) use of a `jackknife technique' to estimate prediction errors for mean annual wind speeds and presents a reanalysis of the data. It is concluded that the available evidence still suggests that wind deformed trees will prove to be unreliable as well as imprecise estimators of either mean annual wind speeds or more complicated quantities such as wind power potential.

  10. Revues anglophones 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca Rogers

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available French HistoryHistoire médiévaleBEAM, Amanda, « The Vision of Christine de Pizan », French History, 20, 2006, p. 461-462BOGOMOLETZ, Wladimir V., « Anna of Kiev: An Enigmatic Capetian Queen of the Eleventh Century: A Reassessment of Biographical Sources », French History, 19, 2005, p.299-323.EVANS, Ruth, « Courtly Love Undressed: Reading Through Clothes in Medieval French Culture», French History, 20, 2006, p. 460-461.Histoire ModerneBROOMHALL, Susan, « Poverty, Gender and Incarceration in Six...

  11. 宝塜歌剧团与模糊的性别主张%Takarazuka Revue Company and Its Fuzzy Gender View

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邹慕晨

    2012-01-01

    宝塜歌剧团历经百年日益壮大,被誉为东瀛百老汇,与四季剧团、东宝公司、松竹公司并称为日本演剧界四强,且蜚声国际。宝塜歌剧团应女人的需求而成立,但被男人们全面掌控;全女班的舞台表演,但演绎的是男人故事;女性化的华丽歌舞,但体现的是男人意志;虽然表现了日本女性的觉醒与自立,但难以改变其男人附属的宿命——这就是文章从女性主义的角度试图诠释其中的疑惑和要揭示的主题。%After its development for a century Takarazuka Revue Company has become increasingly influential and has been crowned as the Broadway in Japan, thus having been jointly honoured as four elite companies along with Four Season Theatre Company, Toho Company and Shochiku Company in the Japanese theatrical circles and been famous worldwide. Desipte its establishment in response to the needs of females, Takarazuka Revue Company is in the full control of males; while males' stories are narrated though its theatrical performance is conducted by female actresses. Moreover, males' will is often expressed under its gorgeous feminine songs and dance, whereas its theatrical performace has highlighted the awakening and independence of females but failed to alter the fate of males as subordinates. This is the very confusion and topic this paper attempts to interpret and expound in the per-spective of feminism.

  12. Adam Smith and the Educative Critique: A Response to My Commentators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weinstein, Jack Russell

    2015-01-01

    This paper is both a response to the four reviewers in a special symposium on my book Adam Smith's Pluralism and a substantive discussion of philosophy of education. In it, I introduce what I call "the educative critique," a mode of analysis similar to Marxist, feminist, or postcolonial critiques, but focusing on the educative role of a…

  13. Challenging the Limits of Critique in Education through Morin's Paradigm of Complexity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alhadeff-Jones, Michel

    2010-01-01

    The position adopted in this paper is inspired by Edgar Morin's paradigm of complexity and his critique of scientific and philosophical forms of reductionism. This paper is based on research focusing on the diversity of conceptions of critique developed in academic discourses. It aims to challenge the fragmentation and the reduction framing the…

  14. Alienation in Mathematics Education: Critique and Development of Neo-Vygotskian Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Julian

    2016-01-01

    This paper aims to critique and develop neo-Vygotskian work in mathematics education from (i) within the Vygotskian and activity theoretic tradition, and where necessary from (ii) a Bourdieusian perspective. First, I critique Roth and Radford's (2011) version of Cultural-historical Activity Theory, suggesting that a classroom episode presented as…

  15. Paul Goodman's Critique of Formal Schooling: A Search for Incidental Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lergessner, James A.

    1975-01-01

    This paper examines the assumptions underlying and implicit within Paul Goodman's critique of the process of formal schooling. Three dimensions of this critique, historical, pedagogical, and social-psychological, are advanced to explain the precise manner in which Goodman analyses past, present, and future arrangements for educating. (Editor/RK)

  16. Measuring Graph Comprehension, Critique, and Construction in Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Kevin; Cabrera, Julio; Vitale, Jonathan M.; Madhok, Jacquie; Tinker, Robert; Linn, Marcia C.

    2016-04-01

    Interpreting and creating graphs plays a critical role in scientific practice. The K-12 Next Generation Science Standards call for students to use graphs for scientific modeling, reasoning, and communication. To measure progress on this dimension, we need valid and reliable measures of graph understanding in science. In this research, we designed items to measure graph comprehension, critique, and construction and developed scoring rubrics based on the knowledge integration (KI) framework. We administered the items to over 460 middle school students. We found that the items formed a coherent scale and had good reliability using both item response theory and classical test theory. The KI scoring rubric showed that most students had difficulty linking graphs features to science concepts, especially when asked to critique or construct graphs. In addition, students with limited access to computers as well as those who speak a language other than English at home have less integrated understanding than others. These findings point to the need to increase the integration of graphing into science instruction. The results suggest directions for further research leading to comprehensive assessments of graph understanding.

  17. Beyond critique: rethinking roles for the anthropology of mental health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitley, Rob

    2014-09-01

    The current supremacy of the 'bio-bio-bio' model within the discipline of psychiatry has progressively marginalized social science approaches to mental health. This situation begs the question, what role is there for the anthropology of mental health? In this essay, I contend that there are three essential roles for the anthropology of mental health in an era of biological psychiatry. These roles are to (i) provide a meaningful critique of practices, beliefs, and movements within current psychiatry; (ii) illuminate the socio-cultural, clinical, and familial context of suffering and healing regarding emotional distress/mental illness; and (iii) act as a catalyst for positive change regarding healing, services and provisions for people with emotional distress/mental illness. My argument is unified by my contention that a credible anthropology of mental health intending to make a societal contribution should offer no opposition without proposition. In other words, any critique must be counter-balanced by the detailing of solutions and proposals for change. This will ensure that the anthropology of mental health continues to contribute critical knowledge to the understanding of mental suffering, distress, and healing. Such social and cultural approaches are becoming especially important given the widespread disenchantment with an increasingly dominant biological psychiatry.

  18. Debating DSM-5: diagnosis and the sociology of critique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pickersgill, Martyn D

    2014-08-01

    The development of the fifth edition of the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-the DSM-5-has reenergised and driven further forward critical discourse about the place and role of diagnosis in mental health. The DSM-5 has attracted considerable criticism, not least about its role in processes of medicalisation. This paper suggests the need for a sociology of psychiatric critique. Sociological analysis can help map fields of contention, and cast fresh light on the assumptions and nuances of debate around the DSM-5; it underscores the importance of diagnosis to the governance of social and clinical life, as well as the wider discourses critical commentaries connect with and are activated by. More normatively, a sociology of critique can indicate which interests and values are structuring the dialogues being articulated, and just how diverse clinical opinion regarding the DSM can actually be. This has implications for the considerations of health services and policy decision-makers who might look to such debates for guidance.

  19. Measuring Graph Comprehension, Critique, and Construction in Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Kevin; Cabrera, Julio; Vitale, Jonathan M.; Madhok, Jacquie; Tinker, Robert; Linn, Marcia C.

    2016-08-01

    Interpreting and creating graphs plays a critical role in scientific practice. The K-12 Next Generation Science Standards call for students to use graphs for scientific modeling, reasoning, and communication. To measure progress on this dimension, we need valid and reliable measures of graph understanding in science. In this research, we designed items to measure graph comprehension, critique, and construction and developed scoring rubrics based on the knowledge integration (KI) framework. We administered the items to over 460 middle school students. We found that the items formed a coherent scale and had good reliability using both item response theory and classical test theory. The KI scoring rubric showed that most students had difficulty linking graphs features to science concepts, especially when asked to critique or construct graphs. In addition, students with limited access to computers as well as those who speak a language other than English at home have less integrated understanding than others. These findings point to the need to increase the integration of graphing into science instruction. The results suggest directions for further research leading to comprehensive assessments of graph understanding.

  20. [A anthropological critique of the ethic of care].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bertrand, Aliénor

    2011-03-01

    This article is a critique of the anthropology of vulnerability and of the needs on which the ethics of care are based. Firstly, this critique confronts the universal postulate of the anthropology of vulnerability to the history of the anthropology of illness. The latter manages to build up a specific disciplinary field in refusing the supervision of the medical sciences and the implicit principle to consider illness as an universal fact. The paper refers to the anthropology of nature and Philippe Descola's work in order to develop a comparative study of the systems of representations, including the naturalism of biomedicine as a model among others. It then presents the descriptions of the representations of vulnerability and the needs which are linked to the four main ontologies defined by anthropology of nature, animism, totemism, analogy and naturalism, and gives a new light to the anthropology on which the ethics of care rest. That anthropology of vulnerability could be an involuntary factor in order to make societies conform to an hygienic constraint. The ethics of care would therefore benefit greatly in freeing themselves from anthropology of vulnerability and focus on their original contextualism; in particular, they would benefit of the knowledge of the limits of naturalism at their basis. It will also allow them to provide a new tool for engineering social transformations in a time, the beginning of XXI century, when cultures happen to mix. PMID:21568114

  1. A critique of criteria for evaluating vaccines for inclusion in mandatory school immunization programs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Opel, Douglas J; Diekema, Douglas S; Marcuse, Edgar K

    2008-08-01

    Several new vaccines for children and young adults have been introduced recently and now appear on the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices' recommended childhood and adolescent immunization schedule (meningococcal, rotavirus, human papillomavirus). As new vaccines are introduced, states face complex decisions regarding which vaccines to fund and which vaccines to require for school or child care entry. This complexity is evidenced by the current debate surrounding the human papillomavirus vaccine. We present a critique to the approach and criteria for evaluating vaccines for inclusion in mandatory school immunization programs that have been adopted by the Washington State Board of Health by illustrating how these criteria might be applied to the human papillomavirus vaccine. We conclude that these 9 criteria can help ensure a deliberate and informed approach to important public policy decisions, but we argue that several clarifications of the review process are needed along with the addition of a 10th criterion that ensures that a new vaccine mandate relates in some manner to increasing safety in the school environment.

  2. What's Missing When Empowerment Is a Purpose for Adult Literacies Education? Bourdieu, Gee and the Problem of Accounting for Power

    Science.gov (United States)

    Galloway, Sarah

    2015-01-01

    This writing critiques the idea that literacies education can and should empower adult learners. The ideas of Pierre Bourdieu and James Paul Gee are analysed with reference to how power and empowerment are understood and what this means for the concrete practice of adult literacies education by educators and students. My concern is that their…

  3. Scaffolding Students' Online Critiquing of Expert- and Peer-generated Molecular Models of Chemical Reactions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Hsin-Yi; Chang, Hsiang-Chi

    2013-08-01

    In this study, we developed online critiquing activities using an open-source computer learning environment. We investigated how well the activities scaffolded students to critique molecular models of chemical reactions made by scientists, peers, and a fictitious peer, and whether the activities enhanced the students' understanding of science models and chemical reactions. The activities were implemented in an eighth-grade class with 28 students in a public junior high school in southern Taiwan. The study employed mixed research methods. Data collected included pre- and post-instructional assessments, post-instructional interviews, and students' electronic written responses and oral discussions during the critiquing activities. The results indicated that these activities guided the students to produce overall quality critiques. Also, the students developed a more sophisticated understanding of chemical reactions and scientific models as a result of the intervention. Design considerations for effective model critiquing activities are discussed based on observational results, including the use of peer-generated artefacts for critiquing to promote motivation and collaboration, coupled with critiques of scientific models to enhance students' epistemological understanding of model purpose and communication.

  4. Beyond Construction: Five arguments for the role and value of critique in learning science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, J. Bryan; MacPherson, Anna; Osborne, Jonathan; Wild, Andrew

    2015-07-01

    This paper argues that science education has overemphasized the importance of construction at the expense of critique. In doing so, it draws on two key premises-Ford's argument that the construction of knowledge requires a dialectic between construction and critique and Mercier and Sperber's theory of argumentative reasoning that critique is essential for epistemic vigilance. Five separate cases are presented which argue that the absence of critique within school science limits the opportunities for students to engage in scientific reasoning making the learning of science less effective. These five arguments incorporate research literature surrounding the nature of science, epistemology, literacy, pedagogy, and motivation. Furthermore, we draw on data collected from cognitive think-aloud interviews to show that students can, with the appropriate prompts, engage in the important epistemic activity of critique. We conclude by examining the implications for the teaching and learning of science. In essence, we argue that the undervaluing of critique within the curriculum and pedagogy of school science results in a failure to develop the analytical faculties which are the valued hall mark of the practicing scientist; a misrepresentation of the nature of science; and, more importantly, a less effective learning experience. Critique, therefore, needs to play a central role in the teaching and learning of science.

  5. Measuring religiousness in health research: review and critique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Daniel E; Meador, Keith G; Koenig, Harold G

    2008-06-01

    Although existing measures of religiousness are sophisticated, no single approach has yet emerged as a standard. We review the measures of religiousness most commonly used in the religion and health literature with particular attention to their limitations, suggesting that vigilance is required to avoid over-generalization. After placing the development of these scales in historical context, we discuss measures of religious attendance, private religious practice, and intrinsic/extrinsic religious motivation. We also discuss measures of religious coping, wellbeing, belief, affiliation, maturity, history, and experience. We also address the current trend in favor of multi-dimensional and functional measures of religiousness. We conclude with a critique of the standard, "context-free" approach aimed at measuring "religiousness-in-general", suggesting that future work might more fruitfully focus on developing ways to measure religiousness in specific, theologically relevant contexts. PMID:19105008

  6. Critique and cure: a dream of uniting psychoanalysis and philosophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Webster, Jamieson

    2013-06-01

    Critical theory, whose aim was to historicize philosophy through integrating it with the social sciences, turned to psychoanalysis to find its way through an accounting of philosophy after the Second World War. Over 50 years after this initial project, the rift between philosophy and psychoanalysis has never been greater. If Jacques Lacan could be considered one of the few psychoanalysts to maintain and foster links to philosophical thought in the latter half of the 20th century, his work has sadly remained marginal in the clinical field throughout America and Europe. Both critical theory and Lacan remain skeptical of the direction taken by psychoanalysis after Freud. Reflecting on the history of these two disciplines, as well as through an examination of Theodor Adorno's posthumously published dream journal, critique and cure emerge as two dialectically intertwined themes that gain momentum in the dream of the unification of the philosophical and psychoanalytic projects.

  7. The Case of the Awkward Statistics: A Critique of Postdevelopment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Clausen

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Nearly a decade after its publication, Arturo Escobar’sEncountering Development remains a classic work of Postdevelopmentand Critical Development Studies, continuing to provide a relevant and devastating critique of development as a discursive tool for ordering and managing the Global South. What remains unanswered in Escobar’s work, however, is whether there is a material reality beyond mere representation that still needs attending to. I find that within Escobar’s work, the thorny problem of underdevelopment--as a persistent and abhorrent material condition--finds its way through Escobar’s poststructuralist epistemology. As this essay argues, though Escobar asks us to deconstruct development statistics in a way that upsets the West’s discursive hegemony, at the very least it is premature to call for an end to development, as well as the statistics and technical solutions development agencies provide.

  8. Compulsory creativity – a critique of cognitive capitalism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Steen Nepper

    2014-01-01

    Contemporary capitalism can be labelled cognitive capitalism. In this dynamic, demanding and extremely transformative mode of production, knowledge becomes a strategic force of production and an important commodity, while concepts and ideas become items. This article sheds light on some...... of the implications of the emergence of a cognitive capitalism. In response to modern oxymorons, such as compulsory creativity and mandatory originality, this article offers various attempts to interpret and criticise how human inventiveness and a whole range of externalities get attuned to economic and market...... strategies, depriving them their natural, social and individual qualities. The aim of this article is to renew and sharpen a critique of the new type of capitalism and to foster some normative bricks that might be able to inspire alternative ways of thinking and living. Keywords: Cognitive capitalism...

  9. A Design Anthropology Critique of Active Aging as Ageism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda Tonolli

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes a design anthropology critique of active aging as ageism in the design of information technologies for seniors. With ageism we refer to narratives coalesced around the label “active aging” in European policies and system design that focus on seniors as a homogeneous group of people in need of help. We discuss the findings of two empirical participatory design projects we have been dealing with: 1 a bottom­-up senior organization in a small village in a mountain area and 2 a series of workshops organized with seniors in an urban area. In both cases, the relations between the anthropologist and the people involved, prompted reflexive moments that brought anthropological relocations of the designers' perspective. In conclusion, we stress how such relocations could benefit participatory designs through the concept of design by subtraction and the adoption of a feminist perspective.

  10. Deconstructing hermes: a critique of the hermeneutic turn in psychoanalysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mills, Jon

    2011-09-01

    In this brief essay, I attempt to critique some of the philosophical problematics inherent with the hermeneutic turn in psychoanalysis. The proposition that "there are only interpretations of interpretations" leads to an inescapable circularity because interpretation ultimately lacks a referent or criterion for which to anchor meaning. If we follow this proposition through to its logical end, this ultimately collapses into relativism because meaning is relative to its interpretive scheme, which further relies on other interpretative schemata for which there are no definitive definitions, conclusive consensus, or universal laws governing interpretation. How can hermeneutics escape the charge of circularity, infinite regress, disavowal of universals, its tacit relativism, and the failure to provide a consensus or criteria for interpretation? How is psychoanalysis able to philosophically justify interpretative truth claims when they potentially inhere to a recalcitrant subjectivism while claiming to be objectively valuative? PMID:21818099

  11. A Critique of Block on Abortion and Child Abandonment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jakub Bożydar Wiśniewski

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The present paper offers a critique of Block on the issues of abortion and child abandonment. Block regards aborting a fetus or abandoning a child as an instance of exercising one’s libertarian right of expelling trespassers from one’s private property. I argue that the above reasoning is flawed due to the lack of the appreciation of the fact that if one voluntarily initiates the causal chain which leads to someone else ending up on his property, the latter person cannot be considered a trespasser. Furthermore, in the light of the above observation, any direct effects resulting from that person’s eviction should be considered the responsibility of the property’s owner. All of this follows from the simple logical fact that in all links of the causal chain under consideration the owner is the ultimate causal agent.

  12. The Evolution of Security Industry Regulation in Australia: A Critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tim Prenzler

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper charts the main changes in security industry regulation in Australia from the 1980s to the present time, and provides a critique of the regulatory framework and the change process. Change has largely been driven by recurring conduct scandals, with governments obliged to introduce increasingly more stringent integrity checks and competency standards in an attempt to diminish widespread concerns about the industry. Despite the lack of strategic planning, a significant learning process is evident and a clear model of best practice has emerged. Recent enquiries show that Australia still does not have an optimal system for managing the industry but change has been in the right direction, with scope for fine-tuning to ensure more responsive and effective regulation.

  13. A critique of Jeffrey D. Sachs's The end of poverty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henwood, Doug

    2006-01-01

    Jeffrey Sachs's The End of Poverty is a manifesto and how-to guide on ending extreme poverty around the world; it promotes the U.N. Millennium Development Goals. Sachs achieved fame with his policy package for the "stabilization" of Bolivia (which did nothing to relieve Bolivia's poverty), and became advisor to the Yeltsin government in Russia and to Poland, Slovenia, and Estonia as they began their transitions to capitalism (the last three mixed successes; Russia a thorough disaster). Sachs later became more prominent as a critic of development orthodoxy, and was economic advisor to the Jubilee 2000 movement. The End of Poverty is full of sharp critiques of Western imperialism, but his views on the rest of the development business are more conventional. PMID:16524171

  14. Boundedness beyond reification: cosmopolitan teacher education as critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Schumann

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Certain strands of cosmopolitanism have been criticized on various occasions for merely mirroring the mental framework of a global elite that stresses positive attitudes to mobility, flexibility, and disinterested objective detachment to the detriment of ‘rooted’, local and national values. In this way, it is argued, it presents a one-sided opportunistic or naively affirmative picture of processes of globalization rather than taking seriously the challenges posed by the inherently normative dimension of cosmopolitan thought and practice. The present paper will argue for a return to the critical core of the cosmopolitan idea and proposes that the critique of reification, which recently received renewed interest by philosophers of the so-called third generation Frankfurt School, can serve as a vital tool for re-imagining cosmopolitan teacher education as critique. In particular, the discussion around the recent turn towards a standards and competencies oriented teacher education in Germany will be critically examined in this regard. Rather than presenting a mere factual description of our thinking, judgments and actions, a cosmopolitan orientation should be concerned with reminding us of the importance of a continuous critical challenge of their validity. Firstly, the concept of reification will be shown to provide the conceptual resources to describe and select relevant characteristics of contemporary social pathologies that cannot be adequately captured within liberal social philosophies. A closer analysis of reification as a deficient relation to oneself, to others, or to the world will then lead to the second question of how to conceive of non-reifying forms of relatedness, commitment and boundedness as enabling new forms of expressive freedom. Instead of one-sided, narrow and hasty reactions towards a perceived ‘global challenge’—either fetishizing borders or their transgression, an critical educational cosmopolitanism should bring

  15. 《汇报》与其天文地理知识传播%Revue Pour Tous and the spread of astronomical and geographical knowledge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏梦月; 姚远

    2012-01-01

    Aim To sort the spread of astronomical and geographical knowledge in the beginning since Revue Pour Tous changed its name (Issue 100 - Issue 211) and supply new reference clues for the studies of the development of Chinese journals during the late Qing period. Methods Reference analysis of the original journals and the research method. Results By the statistics of 112 issues (Issue 100 - Issue 211) of Revue Pour Tous since it just has changed its name, it's found that there were about 412 articles regarding the spread on the natural science knowledge, in which 62 articles on geography were mainly about human geography; 30 articles of astronomy focused on the serialization of the scientific work, Key to Western Studies, introducing the basic knowledge of astronomy since the 17th and 18th century. Conclusion From the human geography aspect, compared with Yiwenlu, Revue Pour Tous clearly centered on the introduction of political profile of every country, which was undoubtedly correlated with the changes of the political situation at that time, which had better helping "enlightening the people" , accelerating the awaking of the nation and making positive contributions to the emergence of Chinese bourgeois ideas; however, the initial point for actively spreading the natural sciences always lay on promoting the dogma of Catholicism. From a certain point of view, disseminating western studies was just a roundabout means for the missionary journals to preach and its real purpose was not to help China to become rich and build up its military power.%目的 整理《汇报》更名初期(第100号-第211号)中天文地理知识的传播,为研究晚清中文期刊的演化提供新的文献线索.方法 原始期刊文献分析和考证法.结果 通过对《汇报》更名初期第100号-第211号共112期的统计表明,有关自然科学知识传播内容的篇目共412篇,其中,地理学62篇以人文地理为主;天文学30篇主要以连载科学巨著《西

  16. JournalBase - Une étude comparative internationale des bases de données des revues scientifiques en sciences humaines et sociales (SHS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christine Kosmopoulos

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Pour la première fois en 2009 ont été ici présentés dans un tableau comparatif les contenus des bases de données qui recensent les revues en sciences humaines et sociales (SHS, du Web of Science (publié par Thomson Reuters et de Scopus (publié par Elsevier ainsi que des listes de référence European Reference Index for Humanities (ERIH (publiée par la Fondation européenne pour la Science et de l'AERES. Avec quelque 20 000 entrées, c’est une vue quasi exhaustive de la richesse des publications en sciences humaines et sociales qui est enfin apportée par ce tableau. La nomenclature adoptée pour classer les revues par discipline est celle en 27 postes de la Fondation Européenne pour la Science. Les affectations multiples révèlent la multidisciplinarité des revues, assez fréquente en SHS, mais parfois aussi les incohérences des bases de données qui n’ont pas été rectifiées.La recherche a été réalisée en 2008 avec le soutien financier du TGE Adonis du CNRS.Une mise à jour prochaine sera proposée en ligne.L’objectif final de ce projet, qui concerne l'ensemble de la communauté internationale en SHS, était de mettre en ligne, en version bilingue anglais/français, la base de données de JournalBase en mode interactif sur une plate-forme collaborative ainsi que le rapport final de l’étude, afin que les décideurs, les scientifiques, les experts de l'information scientifique disposent d’informations à jour et qu’ils puissent contribuer à faire avancer la réflexion sur ces questions, par l’échange d’expériences et de bonnes pratiques d’utilisation.Un article présentant l'historique du projet, la méthodologie mise en place et les difficultés rencontrées dans la comparaison des données a été publié le 8 janvier 2010. Il analyse également les premiers résultats.Désormais vous pouvez accéder à l'information intégrale de JournalBase sur le site : http://journalbase.cnrs.fr

  17. L'ordre mélodique selon Jacques Chailley. Exposé et critique

    OpenAIRE

    Labussière, Annie

    2012-01-01

    International audience; Lorsque en octobre 1960, je commençai à fréquenter l'Institut de Musicologie de la rue Michelet, à Paris, le cours public de Jacques Chailley, intitulé Origine et Évolution de la Tonalité Classique, reprenait les grandes lignes d'un cours antérieur, polycopié et diffusé par le CDU sous le titre Formation et transformations du langage musical, I. Intervalles et échelles. Il se référait également à un article important paru en décembre 1959 dans la Revue de Musicologie s...

  18. An Investigation of Heidegger\\'s Critique of Hegel\\'s Notion of Time

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    AA Mosleh

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available One of the Heidegger's encounters with Hegel is his Critique of Hegel's Notion of Time. Heidegger believes that Hegel's concept of time is past time, the vulgar understanding of time and simply a paraphrase of Aristotle's Physics. Several commentators like Derrida, Malabou, Trivers and others launched critiques on this mode of Heidegger’s thinking. One of the most important critiques on Heidegger's interpretation of Hegel's time is that his critique is based upon a limited interpretation of Hegel's philosophy of nature but not upon all minutiae of Hegel's philosophy. This study also shows that in this case he overestimates the formal characterization of time as the negation of negation. Finally, we conclude that, in spite of Heidegger's interpretation, the future is an important part of Hegel's philosophy and there are several stages of time in his philosophy. Thus, we can question the vulgar understanding of Hegel's time.

  19. On the Radical Critique of Liberal Educational Reforms: Some Theoretical Issues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emoungu, Paul-Albert

    1981-01-01

    The radical critique of the liberal socioeducational reform espouses an equalitarian society but does not believe it can actually exist. Structural functionalism is examined in relation to social change. (JN)

  20. La critique d’érudition et les érudits

    OpenAIRE

    Langlois, Charles-Victor; Seignobos, Charles

    2014-01-01

    L’ensemble des opérations décrites dans les chapitres précédents (restitution des textes, critique de provenance, collection et classement des documents vérifiés) constitue le vaste domaine de la critique externe ou critique d’érudition. La critique d’érudition tout entière n’inspire que du dédain au gros public, vulgaire et superficiel. Quelques-uns de ceux qui s’y livrent sont disposés, au contraire, à la glorifier. Mais il y a un juste milieu entre cet excès d’honneur et cette indignité. L...

  1. Taylor’s Critique of Procedural Liberalism and Modern Practical Rationality

    OpenAIRE

    Nelson Jair Cuchumbé H.

    2010-01-01

    This article examines Charles Taylor’s critique of the model of procedural liberalism and the modern conception of practical rationality. The starting point is that Taylor’s critique is based on contributions of the substantive philosophical tradition, which makes possible an alternative liberalism project different from procedural liberalism. To prove this point of view, in first place, it presents Taylor’s approach to the debate between alternative liberalism and procedural liberalism. Seco...

  2. Contradictions and Vile Utterances: The Zoroastrian Critique of Judaism in the Shkand Gumanig Wizar

    OpenAIRE

    Thrope, Samuel Frank

    2012-01-01

    My dissertation examines the critique of Judaism in Chapters Thirteen and Fourteen of the Shkand Gumanig Wizar. The Shkand Gumanig Wizar is a ninth century CE Zoroastrian theological work that contains polemics against Islam, Christianity, and Manichaeism, as well as Judaism. The chapters on Judasim include citations of a Jewish sacred text referred to as the "First Scripture" and critiques of these citations for their contradictory and illogical portrayals of the divine. This dissertation...

  3. An Analysis of the Critique of Kant’s “Categorical”

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    A Azhdar

    2012-09-01

    This rule underpins an important ethical school which is known as “Obligationism”. Although this school has attracted many scholars of ethics philosophy, there are also many critiques against it. This article aims to study and analyze “the critique of maximal categorical” in such school with regard to Islamic ethics in order to show that the attempts of those who have tried to prove the compatibility of this rule with Islamic ethics are in vain and lead to no result.

  4. A pena e a espada: a Revue des Deux Mondes e a intervenção francesa no México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Ligia Coelho Prado

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa os textos publicados pela Revue des Deux Mondes a respeito do México, entre 1840 e 1870. A revista expressava a opinião de grupos de intelectuais próximos ao poder político, entendidos aqui como representantes dos interesses nacionais franceses. O México se distinguia, na América Latina, como centro principal de suas atenções. A revista elaborou imagens da França como o mais importante país latino que olhava para sua "irmã de sangue", a nação mexicana, com o desejo de dirigir seus passos. Os artigos lembravam o glorioso passado da França e insistiam na necessidade do país se interpor ao avanço, na região, de sua grande rival, a Grã-Bretanha, e da nova "ameaça", os Estados Unidos. Os articulistas estimularam seus leitores a pensarem a França como grande potência colocada em lugar de preeminência internacional legitimado por sua história, cultura e civilização.

  5. Carcinome épidermoïde du sein: à propos de 3cas et revue de la littérature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alaoui, Fatima Zohra Fdili; Benkirane, Saad; Chaara, Hekmat; Bouguern, Hakima; Melhouf, Moulay Abdilah

    2012-01-01

    Les carcinomes épidermoides du sein sont rares. Ils sont d'origine métaplasiques. Leur histogénèse est controversée. La présentation clinique et mammographique n'est pas spécifique, l'aspect kystisé des lésions et la présence de nécrose sont recherchés à l’échographie mammaire. Le diagnostic est histologique. Ce cancer est réputé être peu lymphophile et non hormonodépendant. Le traitement rejoint celui des carcinomes infiltrants canalaires et repose sur la chirurgie, la radiothérapie et la chimiothérapie. Le pronostic est péjoratif. Nous rapportons trois cas de carcinome épidermoide du sein colligés au service de Gynécologie obstétrique II au CHU Hassan II de Fès et une revue de la littérature. PMID:22891096

  6. Thrombasthénie de Glanzmann et grossesse: à propos d'un cas et revue de la littérature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rachad, Myriam; Chaara, Hikmat; Fdili, Fatim Zahra; Jayi, Sofia; Bouguern, Hakimat; Melhouf, Moulay Abdelilah

    2011-01-01

    La thrombasthenie de Glanzmann est une anomalie plaquettaire qualitative, à transmission autosomale récessive, due à un déficit en glycoprotéine IIb/IIIa (GPIIb/IIIa), avec un défaut d'agrégation plaquettaire. Il en résulte une perturbation de l'hémostase primaire, à l'origine d'hémorragie plus ou mois importantes. Nous rapportons l'observation de N.A, âgée de 32 ans, suivie depuis l'enfance pour maladie de Glanzmann, troisième pare, avec deux accouchements par voie basse et une césarienne programmée, compliqués tous les trois par hémorragie de délivrance, jugulée avec succés. La grossesse chez une patiente thrombo-asthenique reste rare, peu de cas jusqu'à présent, sont décrits. A travers cette observation, et à la lumière d'une revue de la littérature, nous allons essayer surtout, de mettre le point sur la prise en charge de cette association délicate, qui met en jeu, à chaque fois, le pronostic vital maternel. PMID:22384307

  7. A Short Historical Review of Fast Pyrolysis of Biomass Une brève revue historique de la pyrolyse rapide de la biomasse

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    Radlein D.

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available In this short review, we survey the historical progress of fast pyrolysis technologies for thermochemical liquefaction of biomass to produce so-called "bio-oil". Our focus is on the potential applications of bio-oil as a liquid fuel for heat and power generation. We point out some of the inherent properties of bio-oil that create difficulties standing in the way of these applications. Finally, we take a brief look at some processes that aim to valorize bio-oil by conversion to higher value liquid fuel products. Dans cette revue nous nous proposons de dresser un rappel historique des progrès relatifs aux technologies de liquéfaction thermochimiques par pyrolyse rapide, encore appelée pyrolyse flash, de la biomasse pour produire ce que l’on appelle communément une "bio-huile". Nous insisterons sur ses applications comme combustible liquide pour la production de chaleur et d’électricité. Nous ferons ressortir quelques propriétés spécifiques aux bio-huiles qui peuvent créer des difficultés d’usage. Nous terminerons par un bref aperçu de quelques procédés permettant de valoriser la bio-huile en carburants liquides de plus forte valeur ajoutée.

  8. The Effects on Adults of Being Imitated by Children: A Review and Methodological Critique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roberts, Michael C.

    Only recently have imitation researchers turned their attention to the effects on the model of being imitated by observers. This report outlines and reviews the findings of research in the developing paradigms. Four paradigms into the effects of being imitated are examined briefly: (1) operant strengthening paradigm; (2) classical conditioning…

  9. Mind-body dualism: A critique from a health perspective

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    Mehta Neeta

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Philosophical theory about the nature of human beings has far reaching consequences on our understanding of various issues faced by them. Once taken as self-evident, it becomes the foundation on which knowledge gets built. The cause of concern is that this theoretical framework rarely gets questioned despite its inherent limitations and self-defeating consequences, leading to crisis in the concerned field. The field, which is facing crisis today, is that of medicine, and the paradigmatic stance that is responsible for the crisis is Cartesian dualismͿa view that mind and body are essentially separate entities. This paper discusses Cartesian dualism in the context of the practice of medicine. Focusing more closely on how disease, health and treatment are defined through this position, the paper builds up its critique by throwing light on its accomplishments, limitations and self-defeating consequences. The paper also seeks to understand why this dualism is still alive despite its disavowal from philosophers, health practitioners and lay people.

  10. Mind-body dualism: A critique from a health perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neeta Mehta

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Philosophical theory about the nature of human beings has far reaching consequences on our understanding of various issues faced by them. Once taken as self-evident, it becomes the foundation on which knowledge gets built. The cause of concern is that this theoretical framework rarely gets questioned despite its inherent limitations and self-defeating consequences, leading to crisis in the concerned field. The field, which is facing crisis today, is that of medicine, and the paradigmatic stance that is responsible for the crisis is Cartesian dualismͿa view that mind and body are essentially separate entities. This paper discusses Cartesian dualism in the context of the practice of medicine. Focusing more closely on how disease, health and treatment are defined through this position, the paper builds up its critique by throwing light on its accomplishments, limitations and self-defeating consequences. The paper also seeks to understand why this dualism is still alive despite its disavowal from philosophers, health practitioners and lay people.

  11. Notes on a methodological discussion: autobiography, critique and time

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gunvor Løkken

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available After having tried for some time to overview the contemporary field of qualitative research to give a lecture for a professorship in that area, my idea at the outset of writing this article was to address whether changes in qualitative research should be viewed as recurrent revolutions as highlighted by Denzin and Lincoln (2000; 2005, or as a field of continuing key themes and long-standing tensions, as conceptualized by Atkinson, Coffey and Delamont (2003. However, during my writing, after one detour into the May 2009 issue of Current Sociology and a second detour into the July 2009 issue of Qualitative Research, my attention focused on to how critical debate and review are displayed in different methodological positions of qualitative research. In my reading, the discussion in Current Sociology between main stream and postmodern methodological positioning revealed an utterly one-way feminist critique; this was also the case in one of three book reviews of The Handbook of Qualitative Research (Denzin and Lincoln, 2005 in the referred issue of Qualitative Research. My puzzle over this critical stance, and my third detour, into Yvonne Lincoln’s discussion of twenty-five years of qualitative and new paradigm research in the January 2010 Issue of Qualitative Inquiry, helped evolve the following notes on a methodological discussion. The notes are partly structured by a temporal narrative over personally lived qualitative research, and partly by an epistemological narrative of a methodological discussion, interwoven with the passing of time when writing.

  12. The problematization of medical tourism: a critique of neoliberalism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Kristen

    2012-04-01

    The past two decades have seen the extensive privatisation and marketisation of health care in an ever reaching number of developing countries. Within this milieu, medical tourism is being promoted as a rational economic development strategy for some developing nations, and a makeshift solution to the escalating waiting lists and exorbitant costs of health care in developed nations. This paper explores the need to problematize medical tourism in order to move beyond one dimensional neoliberal discourses that have, to date, dominated the arena. In this problematization, the paper discusses a range of understandings and uses of the term 'medical tourism' and situates it within the context of the neoliberal economic development of health care internationally. Drawing on theory from critical medical anthropology and health and human rights perspectives, the paper critically analyzes the assumed independence between the medical tourism industry and local populations facing critical health issues, where social, cultural and economic inequities are widening in terms of access, cost and quality of health care. Finally, medical tourism is examined in the local context of India, critiquing the increasingly indistinct roles played by government and private sectors, whilst linking these shifts to global market forces. PMID:22420447

  13. The Place of a Positive Critique in Contemporary Critical Psychology

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    Morten Nissen

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The essay attempts to contextualize the German-Scandinavian tradition of Critical Psychology (GSCP that bases on Cultural-Historical Activity Theory in today's critical psychologies. It is argued that adding to a psychology and ideology critique the positive dimension of ”foundational” theory is important to counteract the currently prevailing “negative” ideology of liberalism. It is also claimed that an ”instrumental” version of critical psychology, which takes up elements from psychology for tactical purposes will remain dependent on the given discipline of psychology and unable to reflect on its own subject position. GSCP is then rendered as developing the Marxist ontology of social practice (rather than its utopianism toward a concept of a subjectivity constituted in social practice but with the criteria of action potency and productive needs on the part of the individual. It is suggested that this approach solves important problems in contemporary critical psychology. Finally, it is described how GSCP, too, might grow from the encounter, by developing a theory of collective subjectivity to include – us.

  14. 'Trick', 'manipulation' and 'farce': Albert Moll's critique of occultism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolffram, Heather

    2012-04-01

    In July 1925, the psychiatrist Albert Moll appeared before the district court in Berlin-Schöneberg charged with having defamed the medium Maria Vollhardt (alias Rudloff) in his 1924 book Der Spiritismus [Spiritism]. Supported by some of Berlin's most prominent occultists, the plaintiff--the medium's husband--argued that Moll's use of terms such as 'trick', 'manipulation' and 'farce' in reference to Vollhardt's phenomena had been libellous. In the three-part trial that followed, however, Moll's putative affront to the medium--of which he was eventually acquitted--was overshadowed, on the one hand, by a debate over the scientific status of parapsychology, and on the other, by the question of who--parapsychologists, occultists, psychiatrists or jurists--was entitled to claim epistemic authority over the occult. This paper will use the Rudloff-Moll trial as a means of examining Moll's critique of occultism, not only as it stood in the mid-1920s, but also as it had developed since the 1880s. It will also provide insight into the views of Germany's occultists and parapsychologists, who argued that their legitimate bid for scientific credibility was hindered by Dunkelmänner [obscurantists] such as Albert Moll.

  15. A Critique of Popular Political Economies of Knowledge in Cyberspace,

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Hakken

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available The general social science issue addressed by this article is whether social formations change very much as they take on the characteristics popularly associated with “cyberspace”—that is, as their reproduction is heavily mediated by automated information and communication technologies (AICTs. It also inquires as to the extent to which the changes associated with cyberspace are a consequences of changes in knowledge. The article begins with an extended critique of influential scholarly ideas about the relationship between AICTs, knowledge and social formation reproduction, demonstrating how they all share a capital theory of value masquerading as a knowledge theory of value. An alternative, “real” knowledge theory of value is developed an argued for in relation to potential changes in reproduction dynamics that can be connected to AICTs. Finally, the alternative is evaluated in relation to the author’s current research, on advocacy for and development of Free/Libre and Open Source Software, in the Malay World and more generally. The ultimate aim of the theory developed is to help make studies of AICTs’ cultural correlates more comparative.

  16. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs: An Islamic critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anke Iman Bouzenita

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Abraham Maslow’s model of the hierarchy of needs is pervasive in many academic specialisations. After a short description of the model, this article summarises the existing criticisms. While criticism on the empirical validity of the model and its ethno-centricity are frequently mentioned in the literature, the authors of this article give special focus on the missing consideration of the spiritual aspect of human existence in Maslow’s model. The study explores reasons for the commodification of the model (i.e. the divorcing of the model from its substance and using it simply as a commodity and the non-consideration of Maslow’s later changes. Special focus is laid on the usage of this model in marketing, given its position as a field which embodies the capitalist perspective so completely through, particularly, advertising but also through the conceptualisation of people. The article describes the model’s diverse reception in Muslim academic circles. It offers an Islamic critique of both its foundations and its usage. The study concludes that attempts at harmonising the model with the higher objectives (maqāṣid of the Sharī‘ah do not do justice to either model.

  17. (Re)igniting a Sociological Imagination in Adult Education: The Continuing Relevance of Classical Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lange, Elizabeth

    2015-01-01

    This article argues that sociology has been a foundational discipline for the field of adult education, but it has been largely implicit, until recently. This article contextualizes classical theories of sociology within contemporary critiques, reviews the historical roots of sociology and then briefly introduces the classical theories…

  18. Equality and Human Capital: Conflicting Concepts within State-Funded Adult Education in Ireland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurley, Kevin

    2015-01-01

    This article offers a critique of the concept of equality as it informs the White Paper on Adult Education: Learning for Life (2000). It also outlines the extent to which human capital theory can be seen to have effectively colonised lifelong learning from the outset of its adoption by the European Union with highly constraining implications for…

  19. Les érudits de la science-fiction en France, une tradition critique endogène

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    Simon Bréan

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available La science-fiction fait l'objet d'une critique d'amateurs. Ces amateurs disposent de connaissances approfondies de leur domaine. Cet article étudie trois modalités de cette érudition en France, selon qu'elle est liée à une critique périodique, à une entreprise encyclopédique ou à une critique d'écrivain.

  20. Musique, voix chantée et apprentissage : une revue de littérature et quelques propositions d'exploitation en didactique de la phonétique des langues

    OpenAIRE

    CORNAZ, Sandra; Caussade, Diane

    2014-01-01

    Publiée par le CRINI (Centre de Recherche sur les Identités Nationales et l'Interculturalité), E-Crini est une revue scientifique électronique dont l'objectif est de diffuser et de valoriser la recherche interdisciplinaire menée en civilisation, littérature, linguistique, didactique, traductologie et cinéma, sur la question des identités : linguistiques, culturelles ou encore nationales (aussi bien au sens historique qu'au sens anthropologique du terme), à travers des perspectives croisées. L...

  1. Au-delà de la !revoluciòn! : Un regard critique sur le Venezuela contemporain

    OpenAIRE

    Rebotier, Julien

    2008-01-01

    Revue en ligne The “Bolivarian Revolution” rises at the end of a century of huge transformations for the country as regards oil exploitation. This still has a lot of consequences today. The election of President is the product of both the failure of a negotiated democracy and two decades of crisis which sharpen inequalities. Nevertheless, both the socio political order and symbolic order can be questioned, but economic order is not really modified. Chavism changes part of the face of Venez...

  2. Les métropoles et la nouvelle critique urbaine

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    Pierre Hamel

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available La perspective critique élaborée par Henri Lefebvre demeure pertinente pour penser les rapports sociaux à l’espace, y inclus ceux qu’on observe dans les métropoles contemporaines en Amérique du Nord. En examinant la controverse autour de la forme urbaine telle que celle-ci a été remise à l’ordre du jour dans les années 1990 à la faveur du discours néorégionaliste, ce texte pose la question de l’avenir des métropoles et du modèle de ville dans lequel on souhaite vivre. La thèse défendue peut se résumer comme suit : afin de faire échec à la position libérale qui accorde la préséance aux facteurs économiques et aux forces du marché, les acteurs sociaux doivent porter le débat autour de la forme urbaine sur le terrain politique. À cette fin, l’urgence demeure de mobiliser la communauté politique.Henri Lefebvre’s critical approach remains appropriate for thinking about social relationships to space, including those we can now assess in North American metropolis. Through analyzing the controversy about the urban form as it has been highlighted again during the nineties and favored by the new regionalist discourse, this paper poses the question of the future of metropolis and the posterity of the urban model in which one wishes to live. Its thesis could be summarized like this : in order to make fail the liberal position which privileges to economical factors and market forces, social actors have to orientate the debate about the urban form towards the political field. In such a perspective, the emergency remains to mobilize the polity.

  3. LA SUBJECTIVITÉ ÉNONCIATIVE ET LA CONSTITUTION D’IDENTITÉS DANS LE DISCOURS DE LA REVUE FÉMINISTE LA VIE EN ROSE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marty LAFOREST

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available • RÉSUMÉ: La question de l’avortement au Québec suscite encore aujourd’hui des discussions sur sa légalité ainsi que sur le droit des femmes de décider d’avorter. En ce sens, cet article a comme objectif de faire l’analyse d’un éditorial de la revue féministe La vie en rose publié en 1982, en réponse à la lettre antiavortement des évêques, écrite en 1981. À partir des considérations de Kerbrat-Orecchioni concernant l’énonciation et la subjectivité, nous faisons une analyse discursive afin de comprendre comment l’énonciation contribue à la constitution des identités et de saisir comment la subjectivité produit une argumentation dans ces discours. En outre, nous adoptons les notions d’identité de Stuart Hall et de pouvoir de Michel Foucault pour comprendre comment la constitution des sujets dans le langage et dans le contexte socio-historique de production des énoncés rend possible la description des relations de pouvoir exercées entre les féministes, l’Église, l’État et les médecins. Cette analyse nous permet de conclure à la production d’identités multiples pour les femmes, dont l’objectif est de faire résistance face au pouvoir d’institutions hégémoniques. • MOTS-CLÉS: Avortement. Énonciation. Subjectivité. Identité. Pouvoir.

  4. LA SUBJECTIVITÉ ÉNONCIATIVE ET LA CONSTITUTION D'IDENTITÉS DANS LE DISCOURS DE LA REVUE FÉMINISTE LA VIE EN ROSE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marty LAFOREST

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available La question de l'avortement au Québec suscite encore aujourd'hui des discussions sur sa légalité ainsi que sur le droit des femmes de décider d'avorter. En ce sens, cet article a comme objectif de faire l'analyse d'un éditorial de la revue féministe La vie en rose publié en 1982, en réponse à la lettre antiavortement des évêques, écrite en 1981. À partir des considérations de Kerbrat-Orecchioni concernant l'énonciation et la subjectivité, nous faisons une analyse discursive afin de comprendre comment l'énonciation contribue à la constitution des identités et de saisir comment la subjectivité produit une argumentation dans ces discours. En outre, nous adoptons les notions d'identité de Stuart Hall et de pouvoir de Michel Foucault pour comprendre comment la constitution des sujets dans le langage et dans le contexte socio-historique de production des énoncés rend possible la description des relations de pouvoir exercées entre les féministes, l'Église, l'État et les médecins. Cette analyse nous permet de conclure à la production d'identités multiples pour les femmes, dont l'objectif est de faire résistance face au pouvoir d'institutions hégémoniques.

  5. Social critique and engagement between universalism, anti-authoritarianism and diagnosis of domination

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivković Marjan

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper discusses a particular ‘isomorphy’ between two forms of social criticism: the ‘holistic’ theoretical social critique represented by such authors as Jürgen Habermas and Axel Honneth and ‘collective social engagement’ represented by such civic movements as the ‘We Won’t Let Belgrade D(rown’ initiative in contemporary Serbia, which the paper tries to distinguish from more conventional forms of popular protest. This ‘isomorphy’, the paper argues, consists in a tension between three distinct imperatives of the justification of critique - those of normative universalism, epistemological anti-authoritarianism, and diagnosis of social domination - produced by the attempts of both the ‘holistic’ social critics and the collectively engaged actors to simultaneously respond to all three imperatives. After presenting the three types of theoretical critique that crystallize around each imperative, the paper discusses the internal tension that arises in the works of ‘holistic’ theoretical critics and then identifies the same kind of tension in the ‘We Won’t Let Belgrade D(rown’ initiative. The tension in the movement’s critique is outlined through a brief analysis of the activists’ discourse as articulated in the bulletin We Won’t Let Belgrade D(rown issued in March 2015. Since the examples also suggest that collective engagement is better than theoretical critique at keeping this tension ‘productive’, the paper finally offers some tentative thoughts on the possible reasons for this difference.

  6. A critique of "the best secular argument against abortion".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strong, C

    2008-10-01

    Don Marquis has put forward a non-religious argument against abortion based on what he claims is a morally relevant similarity between killing adult human beings and killing fetuses. He asserts that killing adults is wrong because it deprives them of their valuable futures. He points out that a fetus's future includes everything that is in an adult's future, given that fetuses naturally develop into adults. Thus, according to Marquis, killing a fetus deprives it of the same sort of valuable future that an adult is deprived of in being killed and this makes abortion seriously wrong. Commentators have raised a number of objections to Marquis's argument, to which he has satisfactorily responded. In this paper, difficulties with Marquis's argument that have not been considered by previous commentators are pointed out. A main thesis of this paper is that Marquis does not adequately defend his argument against several important objections that he himself has raised. These new considerations support the view that Marquis's argument is unsuccessful.

  7. Analyzing Mass Media through Video Art Education: Popular Pedagogy and Social Critique in the Work of Candice Breitz

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spont, Marya

    2010-01-01

    This article begins with the premise that art education should engage with forms of popular visual culture in the art classroom so that students can better understand, evaluate, and critique the world around them. The researcher argues that studying video art with students offers a valuable approach to critiquing film and television, among other…

  8. Contributions to a Marxist Critical Pedagogy of Becoming: Centering the Critique of the Gotha Programme: Part Two

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malott, Curry; Ford, Derek R.

    2015-01-01

    Part two: This article is the second part of a project concerned with developing a Marxist critical pedagogy that moves beyond a critique of capital and toward a communist future. The article performs an educational reading of Marx's Critique of the Gotha Programme in order to delineate what a Marxist critical pedagogy of becoming communist might…

  9. Medicine and Mind-Body Dualism: A Reply to Mehta's Critique

    OpenAIRE

    Joubert, Callie

    2014-01-01

    Neeta Mehta recently advanced the thesis that medical practice is facing a crisis today. In her paper “Mind-body dualism: a critique from a health perspective” she attributes the crisis to the philosophy of Descartes and set out to understand why this dualism is still alive despite its disavowal from philosophers, health practitioners and lay people. The aim of my reply to her critique is three-fold. First, I draw attention to a more fundamental problem and show that dualism is inescapable—sc...

  10. Bruno Latour, actor-networks, and the critique of critical sociology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spasić Ivana

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes the theoretical opus of Bruno Latour and his treatment of the concept of critique. In the first section "actor-network theory" is presented through its key notions (actant, network, translation, associations together with Latour’s theory of modernity. In the second section various aspects of the relation between Latour and critique are discussed - first his own criticism of others (standard sociology and especially "critical", i.e. Bourdieu’s sociology, then the criticisms aimed at his work, to conclude with the political ambivalences of Latour’s attempt to develop an "acritical" social theory. .

  11. T and Sensitivity: A Critique of Lab Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rivera, William M.

    Laboratory education is discussed from three viewpoints: (1) as an instrument for adult resocialization, (2) as an educational challenge which promotes personal but not social reconstruction, and (3) as a value medium which operates against the intellectual and independence modes. Criticism is focused on what the laboratory education technique…

  12. Why is according to Rudolf Brajčić Keilbach's critique of Kant unacceptable to Kant? Is a direct critique of Kant possible?

    OpenAIRE

    Hrbud, Natali

    2004-01-01

    Kant's philosophy is present in author's considerations in numerous articles and more particularly in two books - Justification of Pure Reason and A Philosophical Experiment. We shell discuss here an unpublished article written by father Rudolf Brajčić, titled: Why is Keilbach's Critique of Kant Unacceptable to Kant? Is a direct Crituque of Kant possible? In this article, the author engages a reconsideration of synthetical a priori judgments and distinguishes Kant's interpretation of those ju...

  13. Integrative Review of the Literature on Adults with Limited Education and Skills and the Implications for Human Resource Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamilton, David W.; Torraco, Richard J.

    2013-01-01

    Adults with limited education and skills--those who lack the education and skills needed for full participation in U.S. culture and economy--are increasing in numbers. However, the knowledge base addressing this population and their educational needs is fragmented across the literature of several disciplines. A comprehensive review and critique of…

  14. Adult Strabismus

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Conditions Frequently Asked Questions Español Condiciones Chinese Conditions Adult Strabismus En Español Read in Chinese Can anything be done for adults with strabismus (misaligned eyes)? Yes. Adults can benefit ...

  15. Sécurité des patients et culture de sécurité: une revue de la littérature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adelaide Nascimento

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Depuis la publication du rapport "To err is human" par l'Institut de Médecine américain, la sécurité des patients est devenu un sujet incontournable des politiques publiques en santé: entre 44 000 et 98 000 personnes décèdent tous les ans aux Etats-Unis suite à des événements indésirables. En plus de mettre en évidence la nécessité de placer la sécurité des patients comme une priorité des autorités médicales, ce rapport centre ses recommandations sur le changement de culture à l'hôpital. C'est ainsi que le terme "culture de sécurité", utilisé dans le nucléaire depuis 30 ans, fait son apparition en milieu médical à partir des années 2000. L'objectif de cet article est de proposer une revue de littérature sur la culture de sécurité dans le domaine de la sécurité des patients. La recherche bibliographique a été réalisée sur la base de données ScienceDirect. Au total, 74 références ont été sélectionnées dont 48 ont été retenues pour la rédaction de cet article. L'analyse du matériel retenu a guidé la rédaction de cet article par thématique, à savoir: l'historique de la notion de culture de sécurité et ses approches classiques; et l'apparition de la notion de culture de sécurité en milieu médical, les méthodes d'évaluation existants et les moyens de son développement durable.

  16. Seventy Years of Social Psychology: A Cultural and Personal Critique

    OpenAIRE

    Gustav Jahoda

    2016-01-01

    This paper traces some salient aspects of my research career, focusing largely on work in West Africa. From this lessons are drawn about the shortcomings of social psychology, especially in its laboratory version. It tends to tacitly ignore the effects of cultural influences, assuming that its findings are universally valid. Studies are mainly conducted with adults, generally college students, who are unrepresentative even of the general population of the United States where the bulk of socia...

  17. Work Design Theory: A Review and Critique with Implications for Human Resource Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torraco, Richard J.

    2005-01-01

    Six theoretical perspectives on work design are examined for their contributions to our understanding of how work is organized and designed in organizations: sociotechnical systems theory, process improvement, adaptive structuration theory, the job characteristics model, technostructural change models, and activity theory. A critique of these…

  18. Using a Collaborative Critiquing Technique to Develop Chemistry Students' Technical Writing Skills

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carr, Jeremy M.

    2013-01-01

    The technique, termed "collaborative critiquing", was developed to teach fundamental technical writing skills to analytical chemistry students for the preparation of laboratory reports. This exercise, which can be completed prior to peer-review activities, is novel, highly interactive, and allows students to take responsibility for their…

  19. Cultural Capital and Agency: Connecting Critique and Curriculum in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clegg, Sue

    2011-01-01

    This paper explores some of the unresolved tensions in higher education systems and the contradiction between widening participation and the consolidation of social position. It shows how concepts of capital derived from Bourdieu, Coleman and Putnam provide a powerful basis for critique, but risk a deficit view of students from less privileged…

  20. Countering the Pedagogy of Extremism: Reflective Narratives and Critiques of Problem-Based Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Woo, Chris W. H.; Laxman, Kumar

    2013-01-01

    This paper is a critique against "purist" pedagogies found in the literature of student-centred learning. The article reproves extremism in education and questions the absolutism and teleological truths expounded in exclusive problem-based learning. The paper articulates the framework of a unifying pedagogical practice through Eve…

  1. Critique of the quantum power of judgment. A transcendental foundation of quantum objectivity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In this book Kant's critique of pure ratio is considered in the framework of quantum mechanics. In this connections Bohr's thought is considered with a short view on the EPR paradox. Finally a transcendental foundation of quantum mechanics is presented. (HSI)

  2. Foucault and the Use of Critique: Breaching the Self-Evidence of Educational Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bye, Jayne

    2015-01-01

    This paper poses methodological questions about the role and limits of Foucault's concept of governmentality in education research. Firstly, it argues for the utility of governmentality as a means of exploring questions of power regardless of domain or scale. Secondly, it explores the boundary between the tasks of formulating critique and…

  3. A Feminist Critique of Rational-Choice Theories: Implications for Sociology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    England, Paula

    1989-01-01

    Provides a feminist critique of rational-choice theory and the interdisciplinary feminist theories of sociology. Applies the separative model of self to four assumptions of the neoclassical economics version of rational-choice theory. Uses research on marital power to illustrate how removing distorting assumptions can help illuminate sociological…

  4. Tre Indlaeg om "Interlanguage Pragmatics" (Three Critiques of "Interlanguage Pragmatics"). ROLIG Papir No. 55.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Preisler, Bent, Ed.

    The three papers presented here are critiques to a Doctoral Dissertation defense titled "Interlanguage Pragmatics: Requests, Complaints, and Apologies." The responses are written by the "disputants" or members of the candidate's dissertation review committee. The first paper, "Den empiriske undersogelse i 'Interlanguage Pragmatics'" (The Empirical…

  5. Leo Strauss and the Neoconservative Critique of the Liberal University: Postmodernism, Relativism and the Culture Wars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peters, Michael A.

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines the neoconservative critique of the university and particularly the attack on multiculturalism and postmodernism that initiated the culture wars. It seeks to explain these developments by an analysis of the thought of Leo Strauss. The paper begins by providing an introduction to US neoconservatism and latest challenges to it…

  6. Does Homeschooling "Work"? A Critique of the Empirical Claims and Agenda of Advocacy Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lubienski, Christopher; Puckett, Tiffany; Brewer, T. Jameson

    2013-01-01

    The phenomenal growth of homeschooling in recent years demonstrates not only the appeal of this educational approach but also the notable policy acumen of the homeschooling movement's leading advocates. This analysis examines and critiques the empirical claims made by homeschooling proponents to justify further expansion and deregulation of the…

  7. Amish Teacher Dialogues with Teacher Educators: Research, Culture, and Voices of Critique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zehr, Henry; Moss, Glenda; Nichols, Joe

    2005-01-01

    This dialogical project is framed within critical inquiry methods to bring an Amish teacher's voice to the forefront. Henry, an Amish middle school teacher, and two university teacher educators in northeastern Indiana collaboratively critiqued educational literature written about the Amish culture from the past 15 years. Building on critical…

  8. Weber's Critique of Advocacy in the Classroom: Critical Thinking and Civic Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weaver, Mark

    1998-01-01

    Discusses the four aspects of Max Weber's argument against including advocacy in the political science classroom. Believes that Weber's critique is a useful starting point for considering the issue in relation to contemporary education. Describes two models, critical thinking and civic education, that present advocacy in the political science…

  9. Judith Butler and the Public Dimension of the Body: Education, Critique and Corporeal Vulnerability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vlieghe, Joris

    2010-01-01

    In this paper I discuss some thoughts Judith Butler presents regarding corporeal vulnerability. This might help to elucidate the problem of whether critical education is still possible today. I first explain why precisely the possibility of critique within education is a problem for us today. This is because the traditional means of enhancing a…

  10. Dialectic of the university: a critique of instrumental reason in graduate nursing education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrovskaya, Olga; McDonald, Carol; McIntyre, Marjorie

    2011-10-01

    Our analysis in this paper unfolds on two levels: a critique of the 'realities' of graduate nursing education and an argument to sustain its 'ideals'. We open for discussion an aspect of graduate nursing education dominated by instrumental reason, namely the research industry, using an internal critique approach developed by Max Horkheimer and Theodor Adorno of the Early Frankfurt School. As we explain, internal critique arises out of, and relies on, the mismatch between goals, or 'ideals', and existing realities. Thinking about 'ideals' of the academy, we draw on Hans-Georg Gadamer's view of the university as a place to think freely, creatively, and critically. The contemporary realities of the university, on the other hand, that emphasize the market values of the research industry forcefully shape nursing academic scholarship in a particular direction. In our attempt to recognize and disrupt the forces of the research industry with its instrumental reason, we consider Judith Butler's writings on how norms operate in society. We show that our growing involvement in the research industry makes it very difficult to disentangle ourselves from that situation. The values of the research industry actually suppress the very ideals of education and scholarship that we would like to uphold. As a contra-force, the internal critique of the 'existing realities' in the graduate nursing education unmasks the tyranny of the research industry and makes visible the importance of sustaining the higher goals and ideals in nursing scholarship.

  11. Critique: Can Children with AD/HD Learn Relaxation and Breathing Techniques through Biofeedback Video Games?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wright, Craig; Conlon, Elizabeth

    2009-01-01

    This article presents a critique on K. Amon and A. Campbell's "Can children with AD/HD learn relaxation and breathing techniques through biofeedback video games?". Amon and Campbell reported a successful trial of a commercially available biofeedback program, "The Wild Divine", in reducing symptoms of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)…

  12. A Critique of Science Education as Sociopolitical Action from the Perspective of Liberal Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadzigeorgiou, Yannis

    2015-01-01

    This paper outlines the rationale underpinning the conception of science education as sociopolitical action, and then presents a critique of such a conception from the perspective of liberal education. More specifically, the paper discusses the importance of the conception of science education as sociopolitical action (e.g., it can provide…

  13. The role of critique in philosophy of education: its subject matter and its ambiguities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    G.F. Heyting; C. Winch

    2004-01-01

    The role of critique in the Anglophone analytical tradition of philosophy of education is outlined and some of its shortcomings are noted, particularly its apparent claim to methodological objectivity in arriving at what are clearly contestable positions about the normative basis of education. Many

  14. Social Diversity and Democracy in Higher Education in the 21st Century: Towards a Feminist Critique

    Science.gov (United States)

    David, Miriam E.

    2009-01-01

    This paper takes a feminist perspective on the UK literature on mass higher education in the 21st century, building on US critiques about marketization, neo-liberalism and "academic capitalism". Concepts of equality and diversity have been transformed by neo-liberalism and how these changes have constrained democratic contributions to UK higher…

  15. Game Critics: Exploring the Role of Critique in Game-Design Literacies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peppler, Kylie; Warschauer, Mark; Diazgranados, Alicia

    2010-01-01

    Digital games have become a major part of the twenty-first-century learning environment, but little attention has been paid to understanding what young learners already know about games and how this understanding can be used as a bridge to academic literacy. In this study, the authors analyze second-grade students' efforts at critiquing digital…

  16. Policy Options for Turkey: A Critique of the Interpretation and Utilization of PISA Results in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gur, Bekir S.; Celik, Zafer; Ozoglu, Murat

    2012-01-01

    In this article we provide a critique of the interpretation and utilization of Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) results by the National Education Authorities in Turkey. First, we define and explain what OECD's PISA is. Second, we make an overview of the media coverage in Turkey of the PISA 2003 and 2006 results. Third, we…

  17. Inquiry, Critique, and Dissemination of Knowledge: Graduate Students Contributing to Wikipedia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simmons, Nicola

    2013-01-01

    Graduate students use existing knowledge and are ultimately expected to add to that knowledge. Students in a Masters of Education entry course were asked to find a Wikipedia page related to the course topics, critique it, and make improvements to it to begin to develop these skills. In this paper, I examine ways in which their perspectives were…

  18. A Roadblock to Social Justice? An Analysis and Critique of the South African Education Roadmap

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tikly, Leon

    2011-01-01

    The article provides an analysis and critique of contemporary debates concerning the quality of education in South Africa from a social justice perspective. In particular the article focuses on the "Education Roadmap" which has gained support from a range of stakeholders in South Africa including key members of the newly elected government. The…

  19. A Walking Contradiction, Partly Truth and Partly Fiction: A Critique of Stoesz' The Child Welfare Cartel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ellett, Alberta J.

    2016-01-01

    This article is a critique of David Stoesz' descriptions of organizational issues in child welfare, and more specifically, the relationships between the U.S. Children's Bureau and the National Child Welfare Workforce Institute. The focus is on Stoesz perspectives and assessments of sub-entities (cartels) that are currently influencing funding and…

  20. Pursuing the Administrative Avant-Garde: An Aesthetic Critique of Change in Educational Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Samier, Eugenie A.

    2012-01-01

    This paper addresses theories of the avant-garde, especially but not exclusively in art and as part of a modernist aesthetic. The paper examines the ways in which avant-garde theory of the creative process can inform educational administration in the change process, as both a critique and an ideal. The argument adopted here is that if…

  1. Formative versus Reflective Measurement in Executive Functions: A Critique of Willoughby et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peterson, Eric; Welsh, Marilyn C.

    2014-01-01

    Research into executive functioning (EF) has indeed grown exponentially across the past few decades, but as the Willoughby et al. critique makes clear, there remain fundamental questions to be resolved. The crux of their argument is built upon an examination of the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) approach to understanding executive processes.…

  2. Critiquing Research Methodology: Comments on Broader Concerns about Complex Statistical Studies. A Response to Ross

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stapleton, Paul

    2006-01-01

    Steven Ross's (2005) recent paper empirically measuring the efficacy of formative assessment compared to the summative variety found that the former produced positive effects on some aspects of language learning. In this critique, it is contended that Ross's study is flawed because his two groups of learners, one receiving summative assessment and…

  3. Comparing Two Forms of Concept Map Critique Activities to Facilitate Knowledge Integration Processes in Evolution Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwendimann, Beat A.; Linn, Marcia C.

    2016-01-01

    Concept map activities often lack a subsequent revision step that facilitates knowledge integration. This study compares two collaborative critique activities using a Knowledge Integration Map (KIM), a form of concept map. Four classes of high school biology students (n?=?81) using an online inquiry-based learning unit on evolution were assigned…

  4. Critiquing Human Resource Development's Dominant Masculine Rationality and Evaluating Its Impact

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bierema, Laura L.

    2009-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to critique human resource development's (HRD) dominant philosophy, practices, and research; illustrate how they negatively affect women HRD practitioners and recipients; and recommend alternative conceptualizations of the field. This article is grounded in a critical feminist theoretical framework, draws on critical…

  5. La tradition populaire de la critique de science-fiction, 1926-1980

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gary Westfahl

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available À partir des années 1920 et des éditoriaux de Gernsback, il est possible de suivre le fil d’une tradition non universitaire de critique de la science-fiction, qui s’exprime à travers les chroniques des directeurs de rédaction, les introductions d’anthologies, les critiques d’auteurs, les bibliographies et les fanzines. Cette tradition propose des définitions mouvantes de la science-fiction, à partir des caractéristiques retenues par Gernsback (rôle divertissant de la fiction, importance de la science et visée prophétique, qui tranchent sur les commentaires antérieurs, mais sont à leur tour modifiées. Campbell élargit ainsi le domaine de la science, tandis que les écrivains James Blish et Damon Knight mettent l’accent sur la nécessité d’une plus grande exigence littéraire. Michael Moorcock et Harlan Ellison cherchent ensuite à tirer la science-fiction vers l’avant-garde. Plus récemment, on constate que la critique populaire et la critique universitaire se rapprochent en termes de qualité.

  6. Service Learning at Community Colleges: Synthesis, Critique, and Recommendations for Future Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taggart, Amanda; Crisp, Gloria

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to review and critique empirical work done, to date, specific to service learning experiences at the community college level. A review of the literature was conducted in order to examine the empirical work that has been developed regarding service learning, a form of experiential learning, at community colleges. The…

  7. A Critique on the Concept of Social Accountability in Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedroza Flores, René; Villalobos Monroy, Guadalupe; Reyes Fabela, Ana María

    2015-01-01

    This paper attempts to present a critique of the concept and meaning of the term social accountability at university level from a critical point of view. The main objective is to analyze and re-build the term accountability in order to contextualize it for public universities. First, we present the importance of the idea of accountability in…

  8. Emancipation, Equality and Education: Ranciere's Critique of Bourdieu and the Question of Performativity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pelletier, Caroline

    2009-01-01

    Jacques Rancire's work has had significant impact in philosophy and literary theory, but remains largely undiscussed in the field of education. This article is a review of the relevance of Rancire's work to education research. Rancire's argument about education emerges from his critique of Bourdieu, which states that Bourdieu reinforces inequality…

  9. Knowledge, Power and Meanings Shaping Quality Assurance in Higher Education: A Systemic Critique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Houston, Don; Paewai, Shelley

    2013-01-01

    Internationally, quality assurance schemes persist despite long-standing dissatisfaction and critique of their impact and outcomes. Adopting a critical systems perspective, the article explores the relationships between the knowledge, power and meanings that stakeholder groups bring to the design and implementation of quality assurance systems.…

  10. Radical Reform Within a Liberal and Democratic Framework? Rawls and the Radical Critique of Schooling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Claus, John F.

    1981-01-01

    The radical critique of American education portrays the schools as perpetuators of ethnic, social, and racial inequalities because they do not alter existing class relations. John Rawls' theory of social justice is discussed as an alternative approach to this situation that remains firmly grounded in the liberal tradition. (PP)

  11. Exploring Preservice Elementary Teachers' Critique and Adaptation of Science Curriculum Materials in Respect to Socioscientific Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forbes, Cory T.; Davis, Elizabeth A.

    2008-01-01

    The work presented here represents a preliminary effort undertaken to address the role of teachers in supporting students' learning and decision-making about socioscientific issues (SSI) by characterizing preservice elementary teachers' critique and adaptation of SSI-based science curriculum materials and identifying factors that serve to mediate…

  12. Ideology, Class and Rationality: A Critique of Cambridge International Examinations' "Thinking Skills" Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Leonel

    2012-01-01

    This article undertakes a critique of the aims and objectives of "Thinking Skills", one of the most widely and internationally used curricula in the teaching of thinking, offered by the University of Cambridge International Examinations. By engaging in a critical discourse analysis of how political and class biases are (re-)produced in the forms…

  13. Students' abilities to critique scientific evidence when reading and writing scientific arguments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knight, Amanda M.

    Scientific arguments are used to persuade others for explanations that make sense of the natural world. Over time, through the accumulation of evidence, one explanation for a scientific phenomenon tends to take precedence. In science education, arguments make students' thinking and reasoning visible while also supporting the development of their conceptual, procedural, and epistemic knowledge. As such, argumentation has become a goal within recent policy documents, including the Next Generation Science Standards, which, in turn, presents a need for comprehensive, effective, and scalable assessments. This dissertation used assessments that measure students' abilities to critique scientific evidence, which is measured in terms of the form of justification and the support of empirical evidence, when reading and writing scientific arguments. Cognitive interviews were then conducted with a subset of the students to explore the criteria they used to critique scientific evidence. Specifically, the research investigated what characteristics of scientific evidence the students preferred, how they critiqued both forms of justification and empirical evidence, and whether the four constructs represented four separate abilities. Findings suggest that students' prioritized the type of empirical evidence to the form of justification, and most often selected relevant-supporting justifications. When writing scientific arguments, most students constructed a justified claim, but struggled to justify their claims with empirical evidence. In comparison, when reading scientific arguments, students had trouble locating a justification when it was not empirical data. Additionally, it was more difficult for students to critique than identify or locate empirical evidence, and it was more difficult for students to identify than locate empirical evidence. Findings from the cognitive interviews suggest that students with more specific criteria tended to have more knowledge of the construct

  14. An individual subjectivist critique of the use of corpus linguistics to inform pedagogical materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kendall Richards

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Corpus linguistics, or the gathering together of language into a body for analysis and development of materials, is claimed to be an assured, established method (or field that valuably informs pedagogical materials and knowledge of language (e.g. Ädel 2010; Gardner & Nesi, 2013. The fundamental validity of corpus linguistics is rarely, if ever, critiqued. In this empirical paper we critically consider the foundations of corpus linguistics as being based on an abstract objectivist view of language. We critique this foundation through the lens of an individual subjectivist view of language. Our introduction outlines abstract objectivist and individual subjectivist views of language described by Voloshinov (1973. We then present what is claimed regarding corpus linguistics, and consider contemporary critiques of these claims . We then critique the foundations of corpus linguistics from an individual subjectivist view of language. We illustrate this critique by drawing on data from interviews and focus groups with content material lecturers and students in the subject areas of ‘Business’; ‘Nursing’; ‘Design’ and ‘Computing’. These data question the fundamental assumption about how  corpus linguistics operates: that what is counted is indeed countable. The data  show how ostensibly similar words are understood in very different ways with very different underpinning psychological elements. We argue that corpus linguistics thus informs pedagogical materials with a merely passive understanding of the language. This view can only gain access to the inert crust of previous language, because it removes language from its individual subjective context. This context is fundamental to giving language the conscious and psychological elements that underpin its use. We argue the language should be taught through dialogue in this subject context and not removed from it.

  15. Adult Education and Adult Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Illeris, Knud

    Kort beskrivelse Bogen, 'Adult Education og Adult Learning', giver et fyldestgørende overblik over forståelsen af voksenuddannelse og læring. Abstract I "Adult Education and Adult Learning' ser Knud Illeris på voksenuddannelse fra to perspektiver. På den ene side beskrives de aktuelle udfordringer...

  16. Shear-Wave Splitting in a Critical Crust: the Next Step Biréfringence des ondes transversales dans les croûtes critiques : la prochaine étape

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Crampin S.

    2006-12-01

    échelle, qui contrôle l'ensemble du phénomène, peut maintenant être associée aux contraintes générées par les fluides baignant les fissures intergranulaires. Ceci a probablement l'avantage unique, parmi les systèmes critiques, de donner la possibilité de contrôler en chaque point les détails des déformations avant fracture et l'approche du seuil critique (dans ce cas l'approche d'une fracturation, au moyen d'observations adéquates de la biréfringence des ondes transversales. Cet article passe en revue ces développements et commente leurs conséquences et leurs applications, en particulier les conséquences sur la mise en situation critique des roches spontanément. L'étape suivante sera d'exploiter ces techniques pour modéliser, contrôler et prédire les effets de changements de conditions sur la déformation de la masse rocheuse.

  17. Le modele de Hubbard bidimensionnel a faible couplage: Thermodynamique et phenomenes critiques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Sebastien

    Une etude systematique du modele de Hubbard en deux dimensions a faible couplage a l'aide de la theorie Auto-Coherente a Deux Particules (ACDP) dans le diagramme temperature-dopage-interaction-sauts permet de mettre en evidence l'influence des fluctuations magnetiques sur les proprietes thermodynamiques du systeme electronique sur reseau. Le regime classique renormalise a temperature finie pres du dopage nul est marque par la grandeur de la longueur de correlation de spin comparee a la longueur thermique de de Broglie et est caracterisee par un accroissement drastique de la longueur de correlation de spin. Cette croissance exponentielle a dopage nul marque la presence d'un pic de chaleur specifique en fonction de la temperature a basse temperature. Une temperature de crossover est alors associee a la temperature a laquelle la longueur de correlation de spin est egale a la longueur thermique de de Broglie. C'est a cette temperature caracteristique, ou est observee l'ouverture du pseudogap dans le poids spectral, que se situe le maximum du pic de chaleur specifique. La presence de ce pic a des consequences sur l'evolution du potentiel chimique avec le dopage lorsque l'uniformite thermodynamique est respectee. Les contraintes imposees par les lois de la thermodynamique font en sorte que l'evolution du potentiel chimique avec le dopage est non triviale. On demontre entre autres que le potentiel chimique est proportionnel a la double occupation qui est reliee au moment local. Par ailleurs, une derivation de la fonction de mise a l'echelle de la susceptibilite de spin a frequence nulle au voisinage d'un point critique marque sans equivoque la presence d'un point critique quantique en dopage pour une valeur donnee de l'interaction. Ce point critique, associe a une transition de phase magnetique en fonction du dopage a temperature nulle, induit un comportement non trivial sur les proprietes physiques du systeme a temperature finie. L'approche quantitative ACDP permet de

  18. Les modèles de chaînes logistiques intégrant le Coût de la qualité et les outils d'optimisation:Revue de littérature

    OpenAIRE

    douiri, lamiae; Jabri, A.; EL BARKANY, Abdellah

    2015-01-01

    Dans cet article, nous envisageons de faire une revue de littérature sur les modèles modernes intégrant le coût de la qualité (CoQ) distingués en quatre catégories, à savoir les modèles PAF ou modèles de Crosby, les modèles basés sur les coûts d'opportunité, les modèles basés sur les coûts de process et l'approche ABC. Dans une seconde partie, nous présenterons un comparatif des modèles de conception des chaînes logistiques (SCND )intégrant le CoQ en fonction de la catégorie du modèle, object...

  19. « Émancipation, individuation, subjectivation. Psychanalyse, philosophie et science sociale (fin) », Revue du M.A.U.S.S., n° 38, second semestre 2011

    OpenAIRE

    Fugier, Pascal

    2012-01-01

    Dans ce second et dernier volet que la Revue du M.A.U.S.S consacre à la psychanalyse, dans ses confrontations avec la philosophie politique et les sciences sociales, c’est la problématique de l’émancipation qui sert de fil conducteur. La psychanalyse est alors considérée comme une « idéologie de l’émancipation » (p. 6), le libéralisme et le marxisme constituant selon Alain Caillé et Philippe Chanial (dans leur présentation du numéro) les deux autres principales idéologies de la modernité. Si ...

  20. Le parcours à l'école primaire du décrocheur : revue de littérature sur la notion d'enfant à risque de décrochage

    OpenAIRE

    Feyfant, Annie

    2013-01-01

    Tous les pays confrontés à la déscolarisation des élèves cherchent à la prévenir et y remédier, au niveau du collège ou du lycée. Or, un élève potentiellement décrocheur est bien souvent un élève qui est en difficulté depuis plusieurs années. Cette contribution présentera une revue de littérature de recherche portant sur la prévention précoce du décrochage, depuis une quinzaine d'années. Dans un premier temps, elle montrera que plusieurs approches se croisent : celles qui vont privilégier les...

  1. L’aide au développement une fois de plus sous le feu de la critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilles Carbonnier

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available L’auteur remercie Nicole Anliker pour sa collaboration à l’élaboration de cet article.1. IntroductionDans la partie suivante de la Revue internationale de politique de développement,les auteurs analysent les grands enjeux et tendances en matière de politique commerciale, de finance, de sécurité alimentaire et de coopération internationale au développement. Leurs contributions se penchent sur les évolutions intervenues en 2008 et 2009 et analysent notamment les implications de la crise financi...

  2. FCJ-151 The modulation and ordering of affect: from emotion recognition technology to the critique of class composition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Gawne

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Recent developments in the workplace have seen the intensification of methods to elicit and capture value within and across the affective encounter, notably through the introduction of technologies to monitor and measure the production of affect and emotion in service workers. This paper develops the beginning of a critique of these technologies through a discussion of affective HCI, OKAO Vision and an engagement with the compositionist critique developed in (post-Operaismo.

  3. Interventions to Reduce Alcohol Use among HIV-Infected Individuals: A Review and Critique of the Literature

    OpenAIRE

    Brown, Jennifer L; DeMartini, Kelly S.; Sales, Jessica M.; Swartzendruber, Andrea L.; DiClemente, Ralph J.

    2013-01-01

    Alcohol use disorders are common among HIV-infected individuals and are associated with adverse physiological complications and increased engagement in other health risk behaviors. This paper provides a review and critique of interventions to reduce alcohol use among HIV-infected individuals, including a: (a) synthesis of core intervention components and trial designs; (b) summary of intervention efficacy to reduce alcohol use outcomes; and (c) methodological critique and guidance for future ...

  4. Obstetrics in a Time of Violence: Mexican Midwives Critique Routine Hospital Practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zacher Dixon, Lydia

    2015-12-01

    Mexican midwives have long taken part in a broader Latin American trend to promote "humanized birth" as an alternative to medicalized interventions in hospital obstetrics. As midwives begin to regain authority in reproductive health and work within hospital units, they come to see the issue not as one of mere medicalization but of violence and violation. Based on ethnographic fieldwork with midwives from across Mexico during a time of widespread social violence, my research examines an emergent critique of hospital birth as a site of what is being called violencia obstétrica (obstetric violence). In this critique, women are discussed as victims of explicit abuse by hospital staff and by the broader health care infrastructures. By reframing obstetric practices as violent-as opposed to medicalized-these midwives seek to situate their concerns about women's health care in Mexico within broader regional discussions about violence, gender, and inequality.

  5. A feminist critique of research on menopausal experience of Korean women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Im, E O; Meleis, A I; Park, Y S

    1999-10-01

    Despite the increasing number of studies on the menopausal experience of Asian women, the focus of the studies has been on simple comparisons of their symptoms with Western women's and other disease-oriented research topics. To propose directions for future research on menopause, we analyzed and critiqued 158 studies on the menopausal experience of a group of Asian women-Korean women. The studies were retrieved through a search of computerized databases in the United States and South Korea, and they were reviewed, analyzed, and critiqued with a feminist perspective. Many of the studies have problems with (a) conceptualization, including ethnocentric and androcentric views of menopause, biomedical perspectives, and language difficulties; (b) research methods, such as inadequate instruments, passive relationships between researchers and research participants, culturally inappropriate communication styles, inadequate study designs, and homogeneous research participants; and (c) interpretation and communication of study findings. These issues undermine the conclusions drawn about the nature of the menopausal experience of Korean women. PMID:10520193

  6. The implications of conceptual critiques and empirical research on unconscious processes for psychoanalytic theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eagle, Morris N

    2013-12-01

    The paper examines the implications of conceptual critiques and empirical research on psychoanalytic formulations of unconscious processes. Different conceptions of unconscious processes and states are discussed: as markers for brain states, as unformulated and not-spelled-out fleeting experiences, and as implicit knowledge. The author notes and discusses the interpersonal and interactional aspects of unconscious processes in classical theory as well as in contemporary formulations. Representative examples of empirical research on unconscious processes are presented and their implications for psychoanalytic conceptions are examined. The author then discusses the conception of unconscious processes that emerges in view of conceptual critiques, empirical research findings, and clinical phenomena. Finally, the emphasis of both early and late Freudian theory on integration of various aspects of the personality rather than (or at least in addition to) on conscious versus unconscious is noted, and various ways of understanding what it means to make the unconscious conscious are discussed. PMID:24325185

  7. Obstetrics in a Time of Violence: Mexican Midwives Critique Routine Hospital Practices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zacher Dixon, Lydia

    2015-12-01

    Mexican midwives have long taken part in a broader Latin American trend to promote "humanized birth" as an alternative to medicalized interventions in hospital obstetrics. As midwives begin to regain authority in reproductive health and work within hospital units, they come to see the issue not as one of mere medicalization but of violence and violation. Based on ethnographic fieldwork with midwives from across Mexico during a time of widespread social violence, my research examines an emergent critique of hospital birth as a site of what is being called violencia obstétrica (obstetric violence). In this critique, women are discussed as victims of explicit abuse by hospital staff and by the broader health care infrastructures. By reframing obstetric practices as violent-as opposed to medicalized-these midwives seek to situate their concerns about women's health care in Mexico within broader regional discussions about violence, gender, and inequality. PMID:25411151

  8. Critiques and developments in world-systems analysis: an introduction to the special collection[1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard E. Lee

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available From its inception, the world-systems perspective was not onlyenormously influential in long-term, large-scale social research; it also attracted a set of serious critiques. These fell into the general areas of the emergence of the capitalist world-economy; reductionism in the mode of argument; surplus appropriation and accumulation, including the question of class; and the general exclusion of an analysis of any role for “culture.” It is concrete developments in world-systems analysis over the past three decades,although not to the exclusion of explicit responses to critiques, that have gone a long way in addressing these concerns. They fall most notably into the areas of commodity chains, households, world-ecology, and the structures of knowledge.

  9. Subject Between Negativity and Aufhebung/désoeuvrement. Refutation of the Cryptotheological Critique of Agamben

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mikołaj Ratajczak

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is a detailed analysis of the critique concerning the conceptof subjectivity in Giorgio Agamben’s philosophy made by the Polish philosopherAgata Bielik-Robson arguing for her own conceptualization of subject’s ethicalformation. The main thesis states that by situating Agamben in the conceptualhorizon he aims to overcome, her critique stopped halfway. In doing so, the articleshows that the common ground of both Agamben’s and Bielik-Robson’s views onthe subject is the philosophy of Hegel and the differences between them can beexplicated as the difference in choosing one of two strategies of subject’s formationderiving from Hegel: while Bielik-Robson radicalizes the moment of negativity,Agamben tries to elaborate a different (messianic logic of Aufhebung.

  10. Research integrity and rights of indigenous peoples: appropriating Foucault's critique of knowledge/power.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swazo, Norman K

    2005-09-01

    In this paper I appropriate the philosophical critique of Michel Foucault as it applies to the engagement of Western science and indigenous peoples in the context of biomedical research. The science of population genetics, specifically as pursued in the Human Genome Diversity Project, is the obvious example to illustrate (a) the contraposition of modern science and 'indigenous science', (b) the tendency to depreciate and marginalize indigenous knowledge systems, and (c) the subsumption of indigenous moral preferences in the juridical armature of international human rights law. I suggest that international bioethicists may learn from Foucault's critique, specifically of the need for vigilance about the knowledge/power relation expressed by the contraposition of modern science and 'indigeneity'. PMID:16137604

  11. Détermination du flux critique : un outil pour la maîtrise du colmatage ?

    OpenAIRE

    Espinasse, Benjamin; Bacchin, Patrice; Aimar, Pierre

    2003-01-01

    L'étude présentée ici repose sur la détermination expérimentale du flux critique en ultrafiltration de suspension colloïdales, la caractérisation macroscopique des suspensions colloïdales et l'utilisation d'un modèle alimenté par ces caractéristiques. Une méthode précise de mesure de flux critique est présentée permettant de savoir si une diminution de flux est due à une accumulation de matière réversible ou irréversible. La pression osmotique est la mesure qui a été privilégiée pour caractér...

  12. A Critique of Science Education as Sociopolitical Action from the Perspective of Liberal Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadzigeorgiou, Yannis

    2015-04-01

    This paper outlines the rationale underpinning the conception of science education as sociopolitical action, and then presents a critique of such a conception from the perspective of liberal education. More specifically, the paper discusses the importance of the conception of science education as sociopolitical action (e.g., it can provide students with opportunities to link school and society, it can offer them opportunities for more meaningful experiences, and it can also empower them as citizens) and then raises questions about the content of school science, about the place and value of scientific inquiry, and about the opportunities students have for self-directed inquiry. The central idea behind the critique is that a conception of science education as sociopolitical action downplays the importance of knowledge for its own sake and totally neglects the personal/aesthetic dimension of science.

  13. The Iron Cage of the Profession: A Critique on Closure in the Australian Accounting Profession

    OpenAIRE

    Gregory Kenneth Laing; Ronald William Perrin

    2011-01-01

    This paper seeks to contribute to the literature on the process of closure that occurs within the constructs of professions. The discussion in this paper focuses on the professional accounting bodies in Australia and how they have devolved a form of bureaucratic control over the education process through the credentialing of membership and accreditation of accounting degrees. Weber's theory of bureaucracy in conjunction with Closure theory provide the framework upon which this critique is dra...

  14. International feminist solidarity. a possible response the postcolonial critique of global sisterhood?

    OpenAIRE

    Bernacchi, Erika

    2012-01-01

    In this article I explore how feminist postcolonial theoriescan help us to illuminate both the challenges and possibilities of instigating and maintaining a projectfounded on the notion of international feminist solidarity.Starting from their critique of the notion of globalsisterhood, I investigate how different authors, includingYuval Davis, Brah, Ahmed, and Mohanty, envisage the possibility of creating a common form of feministcommitment based on solidarity and dialogue as well as onthe ac...

  15. Internationalisation by business services: a methodological critique of foreign-market entry-mode choice

    OpenAIRE

    P N O'Farrell; Moffat, L.; Wood, P A

    1995-01-01

    In this paper the work of geographers, economists, and management scientists in studying interregional and international expansion by service companies is reviewed. A critique is presented of some of the fundamental methodological problems inherent in analysing foreign-market entry-mode choice. These are particularly apparent when studying the process of business service-sector internationalisation. Issues discussed include inconsistencies in the definition of which entry decision to analyse;...

  16. Analysis of Heidegger’s Reading from the Kant’s First Critique

    OpenAIRE

    Hamid Eskandari and Hossein Kalbasi

    2015-01-01

    We know that Martin Heidegger in "Kant and the Problem of Metaphysics" presented some ontological interpretation of "Critique of Pure Reason" as opposed to other epistemological interpretations. He tried to explain how all parts of the work of Kant (based on time as the necessary condition of schematism) are originally related to the basic problem of finite human being or Dasein. Immanuel Kant, from the perspective of Heidegger, is indeed the founder of fundamental ontology of Dasein. The mai...

  17. Beyond Strauss, lies, and the war in Iraq: Hannah Arendt's critique of neoconservatism

    OpenAIRE

    Owens, Patricia

    2007-01-01

    What are we to make of the neoconservative challenge to traditional international thought? Should we content ourselves, as many have done, to return to classical realism in response? Rather than offer another realist assessment of neoconservative foreign policy this article turns to Hannah Arendt. In a very different language, Arendt articulated a critique of the dangers of moralism in the political realm that avoids realist cynicism. She is also better placed to challenge the neoconservative...

  18. Comparing two forms of concept map critique activities to support knowledge integration in biology education.

    OpenAIRE

    Schwendimann, Beat

    2014-01-01

    Concept map activities often lack a subsequent revision step that facilitates knowledge integration. This study compares two kinds of concept map critique activities embedded in an evolution unit: Student dyads in one group compared their concept maps against an expert map while dyads in the other group conducted a peer-review. Analysis of the concept maps suggests that both treatment groups significantly improved their understanding of evolution. However, the two groups developed different c...

  19. Neurosciences au service de la communication commerciale : manipulation et éthique - Une critique du neuromarketing

    OpenAIRE

    Courbet, Didier; Benoit, Denis

    2013-01-01

    title : Neurosciences in the service of marketing communication: manipulation and ethics- A critique of neuromarketing Abstract : By using knowledge in neurosciences, the neuromarketing claims to be capable of influencing the purchasing behavior of the persons without they are conscious of it, and thus, improve commercial communication strategies. We defend another hypothesis: the neuromarketing would be essentially a "marketing trick". Through a critical analysis of this instrumentalization ...

  20. Scientific Communities or Transepistemic Arenas of Research? : A Critique of Quasi-Economic Models of Science

    OpenAIRE

    Knorr-Cetina, Karin D.

    1982-01-01

    Most contemporary studies of science operate with some notion of scientific specialty communities as the basic units within which science is socially and technically organized. This paper presents a critique of scientific communities as sociological constructs which appear to be largely irrelevant to scientific work. Furthermore, the paper criticizes the prevailing quasi-economic models of such collectives for what appears to be a naive internalism and functionalism compared with the realitie...

  1. Legislative change in Ireland : a marxist political economy critique of planning law

    OpenAIRE

    Fox-Rogers, Linda; Murphy, Enda; Grist, Berna

    2011-01-01

    In the planning literature relatively little attention has been given to investigating the nature of legislative change in the planning domain. Utilising a political economy approach, this paper analyses recent planning legislative change in the Republic of Ireland. The paper argues that changes in planning legislation can be interpreted within a broader agenda of entrepreneurial planning within the Irish State. In critiquing recent change, the paper highlights three key issues: (1) th...

  2. From Resilience to Resourcefulness: A Critique of Resilience Policy and Activism

    OpenAIRE

    Danny MacKinnon; Kate Driscoll Derickson

    2012-01-01

    This paper provides a theoretical and political critique of how the concept of resilience has been applied to places. It is based upon three main points. First, the ecological concept of resilience is conservative when applied to social relations. Second, resilience is externally-defined by state agencies and expert knowledge. Third, a concern with the resilience of places is misplaced in terms of spatial scale, since the processes which shape resilience operate primary at the scale of capita...

  3. The Impact of Globalization on Women: Testing Vandana Shiva’s Critique of Development

    OpenAIRE

    Christopher Kilby; Sally J. Scholz

    2011-01-01

    Vandana Shiva argues that through the masculinization of agriculture globalization has turned nature and women into passive fields for sowing. Shiva’s critique that international trade, and globalization more generally, has undermined the social and economic position of women in less developed countries provides a wealth of testable hypotheses. For example, Shiva’s argument implies that gender earnings inequality is higher in countries that are more integrated into the world economy, ceteris ...

  4. Development and its Discontents. From Postdevelopment to Post-Anarchist Critique

    OpenAIRE

    Stakowski, Jakob Johann, 1986-

    2014-01-01

    The concept of development is of importance in geography and many other fields. It has been critically deconstructed by many writers associated with ‘postdevelopment’. In this thesis I take a critical look at the postdevelopment approach and articulate a post-anarchist position to the concept of development. My analysis of postdevelopment theory centers on two major arguments that I identify. The first is the critique of the Western international institutional framework of development that is...

  5. ON THE PRIMARY-SYNTHETIC UNITY OF APPERCEPTION IN THE CRITIQUE OF PURE REASON

    OpenAIRE

    IONUŢ ŞTEFAN

    2014-01-01

    Abstract: This research focuses on the primary-synthetic unity of apperception, as it appears in Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason, in a larger framework called transcendental idealism. Descartes’ philosophy may be considered the first step towards transcendental idealism: the first occurrence of the idea of an epistemic subject. The essence of the epistemic subject through the method of systematic doubt is that of being a thinking corpus: I exist because I think. In the System of Transcendental...

  6. Marx and the critique of capitalist society: critique of labor/Marx e a crítica ontológica da sociedade capitalista: crítica do trabalho

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Duayer

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The paper seeks to emphasize what in my opinion can be consideredthe main thrust of Marxian work: the critique of political economy as an ontological critique of the modern capitalist society. Such critique begins to take its ultimate form with the Grundrisse. The argument runs as follows. Firstly, it tries to show briefly the debilitating effects, both in theory and practice, brought about in the last decades by the dissolution of the Marxian ontological critique. Secondly, it argues that real critique is ontological critique and, consequently, has to explain what such a critique consists of. Finally, agreeing with Postone’s suggested reinterpretation of Marx’s ideas, but diverging from him precisely with respect to ontology, it suggests that the ontological critique produced by Marx is a critique of labor or, in other words, critique of the centrality of labor, which is specific of the capitalist society.O artigo pretende destacar o que constitui para mim o propósitocentral da obra marxiana que, nos Grundrisse, começa a tomar forma acabada,a saber, a crítica da economia política como crítica ontológica da modernasociedade capitalista. O argumento está assim estruturado. Em primeiro lugar,inicio procurando mostrar de maneira sintética os efeitos paralisantes, teóricose práticos, da dissolução da crítica ontológica marxiana nas últimas décadas.Em segundo lugar, e justamente por isso, tento sustentar que crítica de fato écrítica ontológica e, em consequência, devo mostrar de que se trata essa crítica.Por último, concordando com a interpretação da obra de Marx proposta porMoishe Postone, mas diferindo dela precisamente no que diz respeito à onto-logia, procuro demonstrar que a crítica ontológica elaborada por Marx é críticado trabalho, ou, caso se queira, crítica da centralidade do trabalho, própria eespecífica da sociedade capitalista.

  7. Seventy Years of Social Psychology: A Cultural and Personal Critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustav Jahoda

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper traces some salient aspects of my research career, focusing largely on work in West Africa. From this lessons are drawn about the shortcomings of social psychology, especially in its laboratory version. It tends to tacitly ignore the effects of cultural influences, assuming that its findings are universally valid. Studies are mainly conducted with adults, generally college students, who are unrepresentative even of the general population of the United States where the bulk of social psychological studies are concentrated. This is justified in terms an alleged ‘psychic unity’. Social psychology pays little attention to the processes whereby children become socialized into particular cultures, which then governs their social behaviour. Methods are usually formal, and observational ones are eschewed, so that research takes place in artificial setting. This brings me to the almost complete absence of links with cognate disciplines, notably anthropology, which could greatly enrich social psychology. Suggestions are made for more wide-ranging approaches which would overcome the aridity of a great deal of current experimental social psychological research.

  8. Novel Approaches to Individual Alcohol Interventions for Heavy Drinking College Students and Young Adults

    OpenAIRE

    DeMartini, Kelly S.; Fucito, Lisa M.; O'Malley, Stephanie S.

    2015-01-01

    Efficacious alcohol interventions for college students and young adults have been developed but produce small effects of limited duration. This paper provides a review and critique of novel (e.g., a significant deviation from a traditional, brief, and motivational intervention) interventions published between 2009 and 2014 to reduce alcohol use in this population and covers intervention format/components and efficacy on alcohol outcomes. We reviewed 12 randomized controlled trials of novel, i...

  9. Le réseau des petites revues littéraires belges, modernistes et d’avant-garde, du début des années 1920 : construction d’un modèle et proposition de schématisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daphné de Marneffe

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available L’ensemble des revues littéraires belges, modernistes et d’avant-garde, de l’immédiat après-guerre est ici appréhendé en terme de « réseau ». Ce réseau est caractérisé par son ouverture, son hétérogénéité, la logique de solidarité qui le régit et son déploiement dans la durée. Ce réseau de revues a d’une part une dimension intertextuelle (revues comme lieux d’expression se faisant écho et d’autre part une dimension interpersonnelle (revues comme milieux interconnectés. Ces deux aspects peuvent être visualisés à travers différents schémas.In this article, the Belgian modernist and avant-garde literary periodicals from the post-World War I period are presented as “a network”. This network shows some remarkable characteristics, namely openness, heterogeneity, apparent solidarity among the different periodicals and its evolution in time. This network has an intertextual dimension - which sees periodicals as a means of expressing and bouncing of ideas - and an interpersonal dimension – which sees literary periodicals as interconnected entities. Several schemes bring this two-dimensional texture to the fore.De Belgische modernistische en avant-garde literaire tijdschriften uit de directe naoorlogse periode worden hier bestudeerd als een netwerk, dat enkele typische kenmerken vertoont: openheid, heterogeniteit, onderlinge solidariteit tussen de tijdschriften en ontplooiing in de tijd. Dit netwerk heeft enerzijds een intertekstuele dimensie (tijdschriften als uitdrukkingsmiddel voor ideeën die elkaar beantwoorden en anderzijds een interpersoonlijke dimensie (tijdschriften die verwante milieus aanspreken. Beide aspecten kunnen in verschillende schema’s visueel worden uitgedrukt.

  10. Les origines de la critique de science-fiction : de Kepler à Wells

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arthur B. Evans

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Des notes de 1634 de Johannes Kepler sur son Songe aux essais d’H. G. Wells au début du xxe siècle, il y a eu de nombreuses explorations critiques de la littérature que nous appelons à présent science-fiction. Les commentaires de ces premiers critiques (souvent oubliés importent principalement parce qu’ils exprimaient nombre des inquiétudes (sinon toutes qui deviendraient plus tard centrales à la critique de la SF du xxe siècle : l’impact de la science et de la technologie sur les valeurs humaines, la logistique du voyage spatial, les frontières fluctuantes entre le réel et l’imaginaire, la description de l’« altérité » radicale, et les futurs possibles de notre monde. Bien plus, elles soulevaient invariablement des questions essentielles concernant les traits définitoires du genre lui-même dans sa forme en constante évolution : ses thèmes de prédilection, ses visées sociales, son didactisme scientifique et moral, son degré de vraisemblance constitutif, et sa place dans le canon littéraire occidental. Enfin, à l’aube du nouveau millénaire, il semble pertinent de regarder notre passé lointain pour redécouvrir ce que ces premiers commentateurs avaient à dire des nombreux ouvrages de science-fiction de leur époque : ceci sert à approfondir notre connaissance de la continuité historique du débat actuel sur la SF et à nous faire prendre conscience de la façon dont les choses ont à la fois beaucoup et peu changé à travers les siècles.

  11. What about Non-Human Life? An "Ecological" Reading of Michel Henry's Critique of Technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christina M. Gschwandtner

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper takes its departure from Michel Henry’s criticism of a technological view that “extends its reign to the whole planet, sowing desolation and ruin everywhere” (I am the Truth, 271. It argues that although Henry’s critique of technology is helpful and important, it does not go far enough, inasmuch as it excludes all non-human beings from the Truth of “Life” he advocates against the destructive truths of technology and therefore cannot fully articulate the way in which technology does in fact cause “desolation and ruin” on the entire planet. At the same time I suggest that this strict division between human and non-human life is not essential to Henry’s project, which may well have resources for a more environmentally friendly proposal. The first part of the paper lays out Henry’s critique of technology in some detail, highlighting the ways in which it contains important insights for our contemporary situation. The second part of the paper explores the stark division Henry draws between human generation from the divine life and the creation of everything else, including his rejection of any identification of humans with “protozoa and honey bees,” which would seem to suggest a complete lack of concern for non-human life. The final part of the paper seeks to find a way beyond this dichotomy by showing how non-human life may be included in Henry’s proposal in a way that extends his critique of technology in environmentally conscious ways without losing his phenomenological insights about the human condition.

  12. Acceptability of novel lifelogging technology to determine context of sedentary behaviour in older adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliet A Harvey

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Lifelogging, using body worn sensors (activity monitors and time lapse photography has the potential to shed light on the context of sedentary behaviour. The objectives of this study were to examine the acceptability, to older adults, of using lifelogging technology and indicate its usefulness for understanding behaviour. Method: 6 older adults (4 males, mean age: 68yrs wore the equipment (ActivPALTM and Vicon RevueTM/SenseCamTM for 7 consecutive days during free-living activity. The older adults’ perception of the lifelogging technology was assessed through semi-structured interviews, including a brief questionnaire (Likert scale, and reference to the researcher's diary. Results: Older adults in this study found the equipment acceptable to wear and it did not interfere with privacy, safety or create reactivity, but they reported problems with the actual technical functioning of the camera. Conclusion: This combination of sensors has good potential to provide lifelogging information on the context of sedentary behaviour.

  13. Adult medulloblastoma.

    OpenAIRE

    Pobereskin, L; Treip, C

    1986-01-01

    Twelve cases of adult onset medulloblastoma are presented. Clinical features, treatment and outcome are discussed. It was found that the survival rates for adults are no better than for children. There were no clinical or histological features that distinguished these tumours from those occurring in childhood, except for a higher incidence of hemisphere lesions.

  14. A Critique on Katie's Language in Mockingbird Don't Sing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭巧兰; 闵家顺

    2016-01-01

    This paper aims at critiquing Katie's language in the famous film, Mockingbird Don't Sing, which is a 2001 American independent film based on the true story of Genie, a modern-day feral child, discovered in California in 1970. The analyses of Katie's language are based on Katie's language by the stimulation of some people around her after she escaped from her home according to the theories of the interactionist position, Behaviorism, the affective filter hypothesis, Innatism, the stages of lan-guage development and the critical period hypothesis. Katie's abnormal language bitterly proves the importance of critical peri-od for language acquisition and language learning.

  15. Georg Simmel, une interprétation critique de la notion kantienne du bonheur

    OpenAIRE

    Annette Disselkamp

    2014-01-01

    Dans un texte relativement peu connu, intitulé Kant, Georg Simmel développe des réflexions critiques à propos de la notion kantienne du bonheur. En comparant celles-ci avec son analyse de la société moderne, telle qu’il la propose dans la Philosophie de l’argent, on s’aperçoit qu’il existe, entre les concepts philosophiques qui y sont mis en œuvre, une relation de correspondance parfaite. La conclusion s’impose que, pour Simmel, la notion kantienne du bonheur trouve comme son incarnation hist...

  16. On the 209Po half-life error and its confirmation. A critique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A recent report on 209Po claimed to have made a determination of the 125-a half-life from measurements made over 0.8 % of one half-life. A careful reanalysis of the original data with a more complete and rigorous consideration of the underlying uncertainties demonstrates that this claim cannot withstand critical scrutiny. More importantly, this critique examines the larger issue as to what constitutes a valid half-life determination, and highlights that a careful and realistic analysis beyond the mere fitting of decay data to an exponential function is required for the measurement and reporting of half-life values. (author)

  17. Cécile Laborde ou le républicanisme critique

    OpenAIRE

    Jacquemain, Marc

    2013-01-01

    L'article présente le travail de Cécile Laborde relisant la querelle française du "hijab" à partir du républicanisme critique de Philippe Pettit. Le travail de Cécile Laborde, savant mais toujours lisible, représente sans doute l'examen philosophique le plus poussé des travers du républicanisme à la française, utilisant judicieusement pour ce faire, les outils de la "Political Theory" anglo-saxonne. Elle examine les trois questions cruciales de la liberté religieuse, de l'égalité entre hommes...

  18. Notes on inventive methodologies and affirmative critiques of an affective edu-future

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Staunæs, Dorthe

    2016-01-01

    organisations and the affective fabric hereof. This orchestration is in everyday leadership practices assisted by on the one hand the psy-sciences, the neuro-sciences, behaviour economy, and the aesthetic disciplines and on the other, datafication and data visuals. The affective edu-future is as such a possible...... and flows of migration. The second agenda concerns the identification of suitable methodologies for researching and critiquing this affective edu-future and its performative effects. This brings me to briefly visit the affective methodological turn(s) elaborated in different branches of the social sciences...

  19. Pour une édition critique de l’oeuvre de Charles Bally

    OpenAIRE

    Etienne Karabétian

    2013-01-01

    Partant d’une comparaison essentielle entre Charles Bally et Léo Spitzer, les conceptions de la Stylistique moderne se dessinent pour une meilleure compréhension de la stylistique de Bally et démonstration de l’importance de réaliser, aujourd’hui, une édition critique de l’oeuvre majeure de Charles Bally. Malgré les difficultés, les raisons scientifiques et humaines de rééditer la production scientifique de cet authentique linguistique abondent, d’autant plus qu’elles rejoignent la volonté...

  20. Crisis and ‘law of motion’ in economics: a critique of positivist Marxism

    OpenAIRE

    Freeman, Alan

    2010-01-01

    This is a prepublication version of the paper published in Review of Political Economy Volume 26, 2010 (http://www.emeraldinsight.com/books.htm?issn=0161-7230&volume=26). It should be cited as Freeman, A. (2010). ‘Crisis and “law of motion” in economics: a critique of positivist Marxism’, Review of Political Economy Volume 26, 2010, pp 211-250. This paper restores the concepts of freedom, consciousness, and choice to our understanding of ‘economic laws’, so we may discuss how to respond to...

  1. Genealogy and Critique in Kant’s Organic History of Reason

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer Mensch

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Although scholarly attention has been mostly paid to the many connections existing between Kant and the exact sciences, the landscape of Kant studies has begun to noticeably change during the last decade, with many new pieces devoted to a consideration of Kant’s relation to the life sciences of his day. It is in this vein, for example, that investigators have begun to discuss the importance of Kant’s essays on race for the development of Anthropology as an emerging field. The bulk of the contributions to this recent trend, however, have focused on Kant’s remarks on organic life in the Critique of Judgment, such that Kant’s “theory of biology” is now seen to be firmly located in that text. Amidst such consolidation, there are a few pieces that have begun to address Kant’s appeal to organic vocabulary within the context of his theory of cognition, though these too remain dominated by the interpretive template set by the third Critique. My own strategy in this essay will be different. Kant did indeed borrow from the life sciences for his model of the mind, but in a manner that would reject a naturalized account. His preference for epigenesis as a theory of organic generation needs to be carefully distinguished, therefore, from the use he would make of it when discussing a metaphysical portrait of reason.

  2. Tendances contemporaines en critique de science-fiction, 1980-1999

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veronica Hollinger

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Le panorama de la critique récente sur la science-fiction doit affronter une explosion du nombre de travaux ainsi qu’une grande diversité d’orientations théoriques et thématiques. Le choix qui a été fait ici privilégie les travaux de recherche de tendance théorique. La matière a été répartie selon 3 axes : une cartographie du domaine, qui conseille quelques histoires, études du genre, études des médias de la science-fiction, et guides de référence ; un choix de travaux critiques et essais d’auteurs de science-fiction, ainsi que quelques entretiens ; un recensement des travaux les plus récents, qui présente des études féministes et postmodernistes de la science-fiction.

  3. Critiques of the globalization process: The examples of Russia and Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subotić Milan M.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper is devoted to outlining the research topic to be dealt with by the author in the incoming period within the project of the Institute for Philosophy and Social Theory. Starting from "globalization" as the keyword of current debates on political, economic and cultural destiny of contemporary world, the author delineates the subject matter of his research as the critiques of the globalization process formulated in Russia and Serbia. In terms of contents, the research will be devoted to analyzing and interpreting different philosophical-theoretical, political and ideological arguments used by the critics of the globalization process in political and cultural life of Russia and Serbia. The proposed comparative approach ought to provide an insight into the influence exerted by Russian opponents of globalization on domestic critics of the process, as well as to help understand the differences in resisting globalization that stem from different political, economic, military, cultural and international positions of the two countries in today's world. The basic aim of the research is to asses theoretical-argumentative and practical-political potentials of the critiques of globalization in these two post-communist countries.

  4. Jaspers' critique of essentialist theories of schizophrenia and the phenomenological response.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mishara, Aaron L; Schwartz, Michael A

    2013-01-01

    This contribution reviews the fin de siècle and immediately following efforts (Berze, Gross, Jung, Stransky, Weygandt, and others) to find a fundamental psychological disturbance (psychologische Grundstörung) underlying the symptoms of dementia praecox, later renamed schizophrenia by Bleuler (1908, 1911). In his General Psychopathology (1913), Jaspers brings order into the field by bringing to psychopathology a scientific basis coupled with phenomenological rigor. He was critical of theories that proposed an essence of schizophrenia, which is merely asserted verbally. This imperative is reiterated by other members of the Heidelberg School (Gruhle, Mayer-Gross, and K. Schneider). Gruhle (1929) contended that the primary symptoms of schizophrenia, indicating an underlying but still unknown neurobiological disease process, are independent from one another. They cannot be brought under a single, current theoretical model. That is, schizophrenia cannot be explained in terms of a 'catchword', which is only thought but not empirically studied. Sobered but also inspired by Jaspers' rigor, phenomenological psychiatrists (Binswanger, Blankenburg, Conrad, Ey, and others) proposed more tempered models, which could be studied empirically or tested scientifically. This historical progression may be viewed as a dialectical process: First, bold, merely verbal assertions without method were made, then Jaspers followed with a sobering critique, and finally, the existential-phenomenological clinicians/researchers responded by producing fine-grained, rigorous phenomenological models, tempered by humility and self-critique, which led to hypotheses that could be tested in current clinical neuroscience.

  5. Association grossesse et pseudomyxome péritonéal secondaire à une tumeur mucineuse borderline de l’ovaire: à propos d’un cas et revue de la littérature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jayi, Sofia; Fatemi, Hind; Bouguern, Hakima; Chaara, Hikmat; Melhouf, My Abdelilah

    2012-01-01

    Les tumeurs mucineuses de l’ovaire représentent 20% des tumeurs épithéliales. La forme borderline en est une entité particulière et est de survenue rare particulièrement au cours de la grossesse (1/10 000 à 1/50 000). Nous rapportons le cas d’une patiente de 35 ans G4P3, présentant une grossesse de 22SA associée à une tumeur ovarienne droite gélatineuse, rompue avec implants péritonéaux, dont l’examen extemporané de l’annexectomie a trouvé une tumeur mucineuse au minimum borderline. Une chirurgie radicale a été faite avec à l’étude histologique définitive: une tumeur ovarienne mucineuse borderline avec tératome mature et pseudomyxome péritonéal. A travers ce cas rare et à la lumière d’une revue de la littérature nous insistons sur les caractéristiques épidémiologiques diagnostiques, thérapeutiques et pronostiques de cette rare entité tout en précisant les particularités de son association avec la grossesse. PMID:23330030

  6. Jean Carbonnier et le droit du travail : un intérêt complice, critique et vigilant

    OpenAIRE

    Verdier, Jean-Maurice

    2014-01-01

    Ce qu’il est convenu d’appeler un « travailliste » ne devait-il pas pour le moins hésiter à prendre une part active au colloque consacré au doyen Jean Carbonnier ? N’est-ce pas surtout à partir du droit civil que celui-ci a affirmé sa particularité ? D’autant plus qu’au milieu du XXe siècle, le droit du travail avait encore à s’affirmer comme discipline à part entière. Mais dès 1941, dans ses chroniques régulières de jurisprudence à la Revue trimestrielle de droit civil concernant les contrat...

  7. Adult Strabismus

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... will likely improve the double vision and depth perception. Also, strabismus affects adults in emotional, social, and ... muscle surgery is usually not severe. Headache, pulling sensation with eye movement and foreign body sensation in ...

  8. Critique Matters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holck, Lotte; Muhr, Sara Louise

    to cross-cultural training offered to Danish officers on a pre-departure course as well as at a leadership seminar for the top-management team in Greenland Police. The paper demonstrates how critical-affirmative interventions of tempered radicalism might instigate small scale practitioner-relevant changes...

  9. Architectural Critique

    OpenAIRE

    Mee, Alan

    2014-01-01

    The Gardiner estate is tantilisingly close to the proposed development of a university campus at Grangegorman, which will be almost two thirds of its size, and one wonders how these lost lands might have developed in the past if the proposed Royal Circus, planned to be located just a few minutes walk away, had been realised. As it transpired, Dublin’s greatest leap forward in urban terms faded before this could happen, and the north side of the city fell into decline.

  10. The Domestication of Critique: Problems of Justifying the Critical in the Context of Educationally Relevant Thought and Action

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heid, Helmut

    2004-01-01

    Critique means the questioning judgement of human actions, particularly with reference to a criterion of judgement that is inseparable from the judged state of affairs but is dependent on a decision of the person judging. Informative judgements of a state of affairs contain two relevant components, one concerned with recognition of the objects of…

  11. Conflicts of Interest and Incentives to Bias: A Microeconomic Critique of Google’s Tangled Position on the Web

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    B. Rieder; G. Sire

    2013-01-01

    Media scholars have studied and critiqued search engines - and in particular the dominant commercial actor, Google - for over a decade. Several conceptual and methodological problems, such as a lack of technological transparency, have made a detailed analysis of concrete power relations and their ef

  12. Will the Real Jean Piaget Please Stand Up: An Epistemological Critique of Three Piaget-Based Early Childhood Curricula.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaufman, Barry A.

    This critique of three Piaget-based curricula presents the argument that it is essential for early childhood educators to distinguish between the actual contributions of Piaget in regard to specific epistemological questions and the way these contributions have been reinterpreted to provide a basis for early childhood curriculum reform. The…

  13. Toward a Polanyian Critique of Technology: Attending "from" the Indwelling of Tools "to" the Course of Technological Civilization

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Pelt, James Clement

    2011-01-01

    As a scientist, Michael Polanyi made significant advances in chemistry and economics. From that deep hands-on experience, he derived a powerful critique of prevailing ideas of knowledge and the proper role of science. He demonstrated that disregarding or eliminating the personal embodiment of knowing in the tacit dimension in pursuit of purely…

  14. The Veil of Professionalism: An Autoethnographic Critique of White Positional Identities in the Figured Worlds of White Research Performance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pennington, Julie L.; Prater, Kathryn

    2016-01-01

    Two white researchers critique the professional veil of silence they created as they reflected on a qualitative study they performed 12 years earlier. Autoethnography and performance ethnography are utilized to examine the ways in which whiteness can remain unexamined throughout the research process due to the construction of white positional…

  15. John Dewey's Critique of Scientific Dogmatism in Education with Implications for Current Supervisory Practice within a Standards-Based Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glanz, Jeffrey

    2008-01-01

    Drawing on historical research, this paper draws attention to Dewey's oft-neglected, but no less brilliant work published in 1929, The Sources of a Science of Education. Dewey's critique of efforts in his day to seek "quick-fixes" to practical educational and curricular issues by employing premature scientific investigations and findings has…

  16. Nothing Matters?: A Critique of the Ramirez, et al. Longitudinal Study of Instructional Programs for Language-Minority Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rossell, Christine H.

    1992-01-01

    Critiques the Ramirez et al. study of bilingual programs for its serious research flaws. Calls into question the findings of no consistent difference in the achievement of language-minority children regardless of how much Spanish or English is used in instruction. Proposes a reanalysis of the Ramirez data. (KS)

  17. Contributions to a Marxist Critical Pedagogy of Becoming: Centering the "Critique of the Gotha Programme": Part One

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malott, Curry; Ford, Derek R.

    2015-01-01

    Part one: This article is the first part of a project concerned with developing a Marxist critical pedagogy that moves beyond a critique of capital and toward a communist future. The article begins with a brief survey of and intervention in the contemporary historical and political moment as it pertains to the potentiality of a communist pedagogy,…

  18. At the Garden Gate: Community Building through Food--Revisiting the Critique of "Food, Folk and Fun" in Multicultural Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Troy A.

    2011-01-01

    This essay takes up a re-evaluation of the ossified view of food events that have circulated in the canonical texts of multicultural education. While agreeing with the critique by progressive multiculturalists against a "touristic" approach to diversity, the author argues that such a conception of food-centered events in schools has obscured how…

  19. Can Religious Expression and Sexual Orientation Affirmation Coexist in Social Work? A Critique of Hodge's Theoretical, Theological, and Conceptual Frameworks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dessel, Adrienne; Bolen, Rebecca; Shepardson, Christine

    2011-01-01

    Social work strives to be inclusive of all cultural groups and religious identities. However, a tension exists in the profession between freedom of religious expression and full acceptance of lesbian, gay, and bisexual people. David Hodge and others claim social work is oppressive to evangelical Christians. This article critiques primarily Hodge's…

  20. Does Student Sorting Invalidate Value-Added Models of Teacher Effectiveness? An Extended Analysis of the Rothstein Critique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koedel, Cory; Betts, Julian R.

    2011-01-01

    Value-added modeling continues to gain traction as a tool for measuring teacher performance. However, recent research questions the validity of the value-added approach by showing that it does not mitigate student-teacher sorting bias (its presumed primary benefit). Our study explores this critique in more detail. Although we find that estimated…

  1. Response to the Critique of the Huffman (2014) Article, "Reading Rate Gains during a One-Semester Extensive Reading Course"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huffman, Jeffrey

    2016-01-01

    In his critique of the Huffman (2014) article, McLean (2016) undertakes an important reflective exercise that is too often missing in the field of second language acquisition and in the social sciences in general: questioning whether the claims made by researchers are warranted by their results. In this article, Jeffrey Huffman says that McLean…

  2. Postsecularism, piety and fanaticism: reflections on Jürgen Habermas' and Saba Mahmood’s critiques of secularism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Y. Jansen

    2011-01-01

    This article analyses how recent critiques of secularism in political philosophy and cultural anthropology might productively be combined and contrasted with each other. I will show that Jürgen Habermas' postsecularism takes insufficient account of elementary criticisms of secularism on the part of

  3. Learning to Critique and Adapt Science Curriculum Materials: Examining the Development of Preservice Elementary Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beyer, Carrie J.; Davis, Elizabeth A.

    2012-01-01

    Teachers often engage in curricular planning by critiquing and adapting existing curriculum materials to contextualize lessons and compensate for their deficiencies. Designing instruction for students is shaped by teachers' ability to apply a variety of personal resources, including their pedagogical content knowledge (PCK). This study…

  4. Discussion on the spectral coherence between planetary, solar and climate oscillations: a reply to some critiques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scafetta, Nicola

    2014-12-01

    During the last few years a number of works have proposed that planetary harmonics regulate solar oscillations. Also the Earth's climate seems to present a signature of multiple astronomical harmonics. Herein I address some critiques claiming that planetary harmonics would not appear in the data. I will show that careful and improved analysis of the available data do support the planetary theory of solar and climate variation also in the critiqued cases. In particular, I show that: (1) high-resolution cosmogenic 10Be and 14C solar activity proxy records both during the Holocene and during the Marine Interglacial Stage 9.3 (MIS 9.3), 325-336 kyear ago, present four common spectral peaks (confidence level ⪆95 %) at about 103, 115, 130 and 150 years (this is the frequency band that generates Maunder and Dalton like grand solar minima) that can be deduced from a simple solar model based on a generic non-linear coupling between planetary and solar harmonics; (2) time-frequency analysis and advanced minimum variance distortion-less response (MVDR) magnitude squared coherence analysis confirm the existence of persistent astronomical harmonics in the climate records at the decadal and multidecadal scales when used with an appropriate window lenght ( L≈110 years) to guarantee a sufficient spectral resolution to solve at least the major astronomical harmonics. The optimum theoretical window length deducible from astronomical considerations alone is, however, L⪆178.4 years because the planetary frequencies are harmonics of such a period. However, this length is larger than the available 164-year temperature signal. Thus, the best coherence test can be currently made only using a single window as long as the temperature instrumental record and comparing directly the temperature and astronomical spectra as done in Scafetta (J. Atmos. Sol. Terr. Phys. 72(13):951-970, 2010) and reconfirmed here. The existence of a spectral coherence between planetary, solar and climatic

  5. La naissance de la subjectivité et ses limites dans les études critiques de Tzvetan Todorov

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stoyan Atanassov

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Cette étude porte sur l’apparition, l’évolution et les modalités de la subjectivité dans les ouvrages critiques de Tzvetan Todorov. Nous commençons par quelques considérations sur le statut du sujet critique en sciences humaines. L’analyse retrace ensuite le contexte intellectuel et théorique dans lequel émerge la subjectivité de Todorov. Nous commentons ensuite plusieurs ouvrages qui servent de repère dans l’étude de la subjectivité chez Todorov.Celle-ci, tout comme le principe dialogique qu’il a mis au point en tant que méthode d’interprétation, relève d’une rationalité conséquente et d’une déontologie. On peut distinguer, au cours du travail critique, quatre instances du Je: existentielle, autobiographique, critique, cognitive. Les deux premières alimentent les deux autres. Le Je existentiel finit par s’affirmer, chez Todorov, comme le point de départ et l’horizon axiologique de la recherche. Le Je autobiographique émane du précédent. Il introduit en filigrane une narration retraçant aussi bien un destin individuel qu’un épisode historique. L’élément autobiographique chez Todorov est délibérément mitigé. Il ne trouve sa justification qu’en se mettant au service du Je critique. Ce dernier confère une dimension humaine et concrète à la recherche de la vérité. Le Je cognitif devient ainsi l’expression d’une vie et d’un destin individuels.

  6. Simulation Frames: Young Adult Dystopian Cinema

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alison Tedman

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the ways in which Young Adult dystopian film Divergent (2014 successfully repurposes dystopia for a young demographic, making dystopia an aesthetically appealing space for heroic adventure. The film recombines Young Adult literary tropes with film conventions including those of science fiction. Divergent and other Young Adult dystopian films modify the potential for social critique associated with canonic dystopian fiction. The article’s critical framework includes theories of dystopia and of Young Adult dystopian literature, the Freudian uncanny, studies of the post-apocalyptic film city and new media theory. In Divergent, the dystopian division of society into factions is made enjoyable through production design, particularly in ‘Dauntless’, the faction joined by heroine Tris. This extends to transmedia marketing. The book’s violence is reduced to increase audience engagement, while lack of contextual detail precludes a critical dystopia. In Divergent, the spaces and ideologies of the post-apocalyptic film city are reframed as youth culture. Chicago is gamified, connoting an adventure playground. The space of the Dauntless ‘Pit’ offers symbolic rebirth, community and romance, yet its appeal is uncanny, as with communal spaces in The Host (2013 and The Maze Runner (2014. Divergent’s mirror simulation foregrounds spectacle but other simulations construct immediacy, appearing dream-like not immersive. Like the visions in Young Adult dystopian adaptations How I Live Now (2013 and Ender’s Game (2013, simulations convey individual awareness and supernatural communication. The film combines pleasurable classification and a divergence motif with its heroine’s development, revising dystopian cinematic space. Divergent represents a new form of dystopian cinema.

  7. The definition of the scalar product: an analysis and critique of a classroom episode

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foster, Colin; de Villiers, Michael

    2016-07-01

    In this paper, we present, analyse and critique an episode from a secondary school lesson involving an introduction to the definition of the scalar product. Although the teacher attempted to be explicit about the difference between a definition and a theorem, emphasizing that a definition was just an arbitrary assumption, a student rejected the teacher's definition in favour of his own alternative. With reference to this particular case, we seek to explore some ways in which teachers can introduce mathematical definitions to students so as to support, rather than attempt to circumvent, their mathematical sense making. In this regard, we believe that it is important to develop learning opportunities for students which help them to gain some appreciation of important structural and historical reasons that underpin the definitional choices made.

  8. A Critique of the Mainstream Management Control Theory and the Way Forward

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chandana Rathnasiri Hewege

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article critiques the mainstream management control theory with a view to highlighting its gaps and to suggesting a direction for its future development. Management control theory has undergone lopsided development due to the dominance of accounting-based approaches to the study of management controls. Thus, management control theory has failed to explain complex issues that are interwoven with deep-rooted, sociocultural context within which these issues emanate. Although the influence of organizational theory, particularly systems theory, cybernetics, and contingency theory, resulted in a marginal outward shift of the boundaries of the mainstream management control theory, the main drawbacks of the theory remained unresolved. Alternative theoretical perspectives rooted in disciplines such as political economy, sociology, and anthropology can enrich the mainstream management control theory. Management control issues emanating from non-Western contexts would remain largely unexplained or poorly explained, unless alternative theoretical perspectives were used.

  9. The denial of death thesis: sociological critique and implications for palliative care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmermann, Camilla; Rodin, Gary

    2004-03-01

    It has become commonplace to say that contemporary western society is 'death-denying'. This characterization, which sociologists have termed the 'denial of death thesis', first arose in the social science, psychological and clinical medical literature in the period between 1955 and 1985. During the same time period, the hospice and palliative care movements were developing and in part directed themselves against the perceived cultural denial of death in western society. While the denial of death has been taken for granted by the lay public as well as by clinicians, in the sociological literature it has been increasingly questioned. In this paper we use sociological critiques of the denial of death thesis to raise critical questions about the theory and practice of contemporary palliative care. In particular, we argue that the emphasis of palliative care should not be on extinguishing the denial of death but on the relief of suffering.

  10. Wittgenstein’s Critique of Frazer and Realism/Anti-realism Concerning Religion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schaffalitzky de Muckadell, Caroline

    2016-01-01

    This article addresses the impact the reception of Wittgenstein’s works has had on philosophy of religion and the study of religion. Wittgenstein’s critique of Frazer has inspired the current fundamental dichotomy between two views on religious belief: a cognitivist, realist interpretation...... and an expressivist, anti-realist interpretation. Wittgenstein’s account provides an interpretation of religious language that makes sense of existential and non-literal meaning of religious practices and cognitive content, and his account has become a stepping stone for a tradition in philosophy of religion...... that helped shape Wittgenstein’s game-changing contribution. In this way Wittgenstein’s contribution is not a refutation of realism, but rather it offers an additional fruitful approach....

  11. CRITIQUING AUSTRALIA’S KNOWLEDGE STRATEGY: HOW CAN WE BETTER POSITION OURSELVES IN A GLOBAL COMMUNITY?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharyn Renshaw

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper will provide critical analysis of Australia’ knowledge strategy, conducted from the perspective that driving a national knowledge strategy is the predominant responsibility of government for reasons of impartiality. As such critique will be focused upon the actionsundertaken by the Australian government to position the nation as a Knowledge-based Economy (KBE competitively within the global community. It will be argued that to qualify for the title of “knowledge nation” the country needs to perform well across a composite range of factors. Examination of composite strategies will be conducted within a model of Knowledge Development, categorising the government’s knowledge sourcing, abstraction, conversion, diffusion and refinement strategies. The paper will conclude with recommendations for improving Australia’s position within the global knowledge economy and consequently within the global information community.

  12. La critique de l’esse intentionale par Guillaume d’Ockham

    OpenAIRE

    Celeyrette, Jean

    2014-01-01

    Brentano dans son introduction des objets in-existants affirme qu’il s’est inspiré de thèses médiévaleset on considère généralement qu’il se réfère aux thèses scotistes. En fait l’intentio a été l’objet d’intenses débats du milieu du XIIIe au milieu du XIVe siècle. On se propose ici d’en donner une idée à partir de la critique la plus radicale de la notion d’esse intentionale par Guillaume d’Ockham. Pour cela on commence par rappeler les principales thèses qui font intervenir des intentiones ...

  13. The ethics of germ-line gene therapy: challenges to mainstream approaches by a feminist critique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perlman, D

    1993-01-01

    Many mainstream bioethicists visualize the ethical debate surrounding germ-line gene therapy (GLGT) as a conflict of rights and duties between a woman and her fetus and as representative of the larger tension between the principles of autonomy and beneficence and its corollary duty to nonmaleficence. Many feminist ethicists attempt to circumnavigate the purported inadequacies of mainstream ethical approaches and take a much broader, context-oriented approach to reproductive freedom. The first section will describe many of the mainstream conflicts surrounding GLGT and offer a feminist critique of the inadequacies of mainstream approaches. Instead of merely achieving a stalemate in ethical dialogue from the mainstream viewpoint, the application of a feminist view of the fetus and reproductive freedom provides a more equitable and ethically inclusive adjudication of the central issue surrounding the ethics of GLGT, as the second section will show. PMID:8118148

  14. Prosecuting Corruption and the Application of Plea Bargaining in Nigeria: A Critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adeleke, G. O.

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This study focused on the incidence and the prosecution of corruption in the Nigerian society with specific emphasis on plea bargaining which has been applied to prosecute some politicians (Politically Exposed Persons and other people in the upper echelons of the Nigerian society, and that is gradually becoming widespread in criminal prosecution in Nigeria. The origin and merits of plea bargaining, as its protagonists argued, were analysed. The central focus here is a critique of corruption prosecution through plea bargain based on moral and utilitist principles. The study precisely advocated for outright dropping of the plea bargain in corruption prosecution in Nigeria because of its tendency to deepen and extenuate, rather than making mild and abating corruption in Nigeria. Given the patron-client character of power relation in the Nigerian state, the stipulations of anti-graft laws should be strictly followed in order not to make corruption prosecution constitute another source or facilitator of corruption in Nigeria.

  15. Can material matters and critique be dealt with at the same time? Discussion of analytical approaches

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Nina Blom

    2013-01-01

    . Several theoretical traditions offer perspectives that take objects into account even though they approach the understanding of how material relations shape social life differently. This presentation discusses how the research area on disaster, social crisis and conflict can benefit and be widen up from......) materiality is as well offered a central place in the analysis though dimension of structural character are involved in contrary to both the ANT- and the Post ANT tradition. The four approaches will be outlined in relation to different cases, and each tradition’s ability to deal with the question of critique......Material matters has to be dealt with in analysis of disasters, social crisis and conflicts since an important part of the unpredictability in these courses not only stems from human agency but as well from objects that are as well involved in complex webs of relations that shape the processes...

  16. The Contested White Lady: A Critique of New Zealand Cultural Heritage Politics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lindsay Neill

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available This article critiques New Zealand’s cultural heritage politics by positing that vernacular items, like an iconic eatery called the White Lady, does not meet the legislative criteria enabling cultural heritage status. If vernacular artefacts, including ‘kiwiana’, are to be integrated within cultural heritage, then changes within legislation, definitions and participant preconceptions are necessary. This study argues that cultural heritage is dominated by artefacts and historic places; that ‘kiwiana’ and other vernacular items of social history, practice and tradition are relegated. Items of ‘kiwiana’ act as touchstones of identity for New Zealanders. Therefore, their omission distorts the view of New Zealand’s cultural heritage. The application of cultural heritage status to the White Lady is important because of its transcendence of time and social change, its aesthetic, and also because of its present-day hospitality offering.

  17. Make me wanna holler: Meshell Ndegeocello, Black queer aesthetics, and feminist critiques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Matt

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the music and performance of Meshell Ndegeocello, arguing that they are part of a cross-Atlantic conversation that pushes the boundaries of Black feminist thought on masculinity and desire. From the time of her debut album in 1993, Ndegeocello has resisted categorization both in her public personae and in her music. Ndegeocello's refusal to be restricted in her stage performance and in her musical expression has created a rich text through which to read Black female masculinity. Her work has been particularly productive in rethinking (Black) feminist couplings of patriarchy with male anatomy. Ndegeocello's music challenges any one representation of female masculinity, mixing critiques of masculine privilege and violence with celebrations of pleasure and pansexual desire.

  18. PLATO’S CRITIQUE OF THE CONCEPT LICENCE TO DO WHAT ONE PLEASES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Иван Јордовић

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Regardless of the fact that they conceived the notion of democracy, or perhaps precisely because of that, the ancient Greeks were the harshest critics of democracy. Plato was distinguished in this regard among the other ancient philosophers. He, as well as the other critics of democracy, particularly disliked the democratic ideas of freedom, which included the concept of licence to do what one pleases. This study analyzed the characteristics and importance of this concept on the basis of the example of his criticism in the dialogues Gorgias and the Republic. In this way, it was shown that the concept of licence to do what one pleases was important for Plato's critique of democracy, and that it was not unfounded and motivated exclusively on the basis of the political prejudice.

  19. Review and critique of California electricity generation methods assessment project. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Knecht, R.L.

    1977-05-01

    The author offers a critique of the TRW Energy Systems Management Division's final report on its California electricity generation methods assessment project (EAPA 03:3812). Briefly, the TRW report provided information on current and forecasted economic costs of different methods of electricity generation needed to meet base-, intermediate-, and peak-load demand requirements in California. Additionally, the reliability, fuel requirements, other resource requirements, and environmental impacts of the different methods of generating electricity were assessed. The author reviews the subjects as they appear in the TRW report. In an appendix, Mr. Knecht presents a detailed computation of his comparison of the costs of coal-fired and nuclear electric generation. (MCW)

  20. The denial of death thesis: sociological critique and implications for palliative care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zimmermann, Camilla; Rodin, Gary

    2004-03-01

    It has become commonplace to say that contemporary western society is 'death-denying'. This characterization, which sociologists have termed the 'denial of death thesis', first arose in the social science, psychological and clinical medical literature in the period between 1955 and 1985. During the same time period, the hospice and palliative care movements were developing and in part directed themselves against the perceived cultural denial of death in western society. While the denial of death has been taken for granted by the lay public as well as by clinicians, in the sociological literature it has been increasingly questioned. In this paper we use sociological critiques of the denial of death thesis to raise critical questions about the theory and practice of contemporary palliative care. In particular, we argue that the emphasis of palliative care should not be on extinguishing the denial of death but on the relief of suffering. PMID:15046408

  1. Make me wanna holler: Meshell Ndegeocello, Black queer aesthetics, and feminist critiques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Matt

    2014-01-01

    This article examines the music and performance of Meshell Ndegeocello, arguing that they are part of a cross-Atlantic conversation that pushes the boundaries of Black feminist thought on masculinity and desire. From the time of her debut album in 1993, Ndegeocello has resisted categorization both in her public personae and in her music. Ndegeocello's refusal to be restricted in her stage performance and in her musical expression has created a rich text through which to read Black female masculinity. Her work has been particularly productive in rethinking (Black) feminist couplings of patriarchy with male anatomy. Ndegeocello's music challenges any one representation of female masculinity, mixing critiques of masculine privilege and violence with celebrations of pleasure and pansexual desire. PMID:24972283

  2. Pour une édition critique de l’oeuvre de Charles Bally

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Etienne Karabétian

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Partant d’une comparaison essentielle entre Charles Bally et Léo Spitzer, les conceptions de la Stylistique moderne se dessinent pour une meilleure compréhension de la stylistique de Bally et démonstration de l’importance de réaliser, aujourd’hui, une édition critique de l’oeuvre majeure de Charles Bally. Malgré les difficultés, les raisons scientifiques et humaines de rééditer la production scientifique de cet authentique linguistique abondent, d’autant plus qu’elles rejoignent la volonté, exprimée de son vivant, par l’auteur lui-même.

  3. Dutch disease et désindustrialisation en Algérie, une approche critique.

    OpenAIRE

    Bellal, Samir

    2013-01-01

    Dans cet article, on se propose de traiter de l'opportunité de recourir à la théorie du " syndrome hollandais " pour analyser le phénomène de la désindustrialisation qui caractérise la trajectoire économique de l'Algérie durant ces dernières années. Après un exposé succinct sur le contenu et le statut théorique des modèles du dutch disease, nous procèderons, sur la base d'une vérification empirique, à une analyse critique de la théorie, ce qui nous amènera à nous interroger sur les facteurs à...

  4. A Response to Elvis' 2015 Critique of the AURA Report "From Cosmic Birth to Living Earths"

    CERN Document Server

    Seager, Sara; Postman, Marc; Tumlinson, Jason; Mather, John C

    2015-01-01

    To ensure progress in astronomy over the coming decades, the key questions are "what facilities will we build, and when?" Toward this end, the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) recently commissioned a study on future space-based options for UV and optical astronomy. The resulting study - "From Cosmic Births to Living Earths" - concluded that a space telescope equipped with a 12-meter class primary mirror would make fundamental advances across virtually all of astrophysics, including finding and characterizing the atmospheres of dozens of Earth-like planets. This ambitious telescope concept is referred to as the High Definition Space Telescope (HDST). In a recent arXiv white paper, Elvis (2015) critiqued a subset of the findings of the AURA study, focusing on the detection and characterization of rocky exoplanets in the habitable zone. In this response, we clarify these issues to confirm that HDST would play a transformative role in the study of terrestrial worlds. Its capabilities f...

  5. Critique of the „official critique” of neoliberal reforms in higher education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oskar Szwabowski

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article I criticise theoretical structure which is employed in critiquesof higher education reforms within the domain of pedagogy. I argue thatcritique of neoliberalism in education doesn’t recognise the dynamics of change and„necessity” of transformation. Both critique and defense of neoliberal reforms donot transcend capitalist „separation” and institutionalization typical of particularorders. In practical terms, it results in reactive resistance, either in the form of defenseof privileges of „leisure class or attempt to brink back the period of „class compromise”.In this way, it is not able to develop a radical practice, transcend „ideologicalstate apparatus” and produce a radical practice as well as education based on democracyand equality.

  6. Critique interne négative de sincérité et d’exactitude

    OpenAIRE

    Langlois, Charles-Victor; Seignobos, Charles

    2014-01-01

    I. L’analyse et la critique positive d’interprétation n’atteignent que le travail d’esprit intérieur de l’auteur du document et ne font connaître que ses idées. Elles n’apprennent directement rien sur les faits extérieurs. Même quand l’auteur a pu les observer, son texte indique seulement comment il a voulu les représenter, non comment il les a réellement vus, et encore moins ce qu’ils ont réellement été. Ce qu’un auteur exprime n’est pas forcément ce qu’il croyait, car il peut avoir menti ; ...

  7. Critique of Burnett-Frind dispersion tensor for axisymmetric porous media

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lichtner, Peter C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kelkar, Sharad [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Robinson, Bruce A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2008-01-01

    This technical note provides a critique of the Burnett and Frind (1987) dispersion tensor for porous media with axial symmetry based on a previous publication by the authors (Lichtner et aI., 2002). In this work a new approach is used based on unit eigenvectors which simplifies the analysis. It is demonstrated that the Burnett-Frind dispersion tensor, although acceptable for small values of the vertical velocity, produces the incorrect behavior for both longitudinal and transverse dispersivity as the flow velocity varies from parallel to perpendicular to the axis of symmetry. A new form of the dispersion tensor is derived for axially symmetric porous media involving four dispersivity coefficients corresponding to longitudinal and transverse dispersion in horizontal and vertical directions, defined as perpendicular and parallel to the axis of symmetry, respectively. This new dispersion tensor corrects two fundamental problems with the dispersion tensor proposed by Burnett and Frind (1987) for axial symmetric media.

  8. A Review and Critique of Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder Etiologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steven Charles Hertler

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The present review and critique of extant etiological theories centers on a single finding: Obsessive-compulsive personality is highly heritable (0.78 and not significantly influenced by “common, shared-in-families environmental factors” (Torgersen et al., 2000, p. 424. This finding, though twelve years old, has remained dissociated from existing etiological accounts. Psychoanalytic theories anachronistically maintain that obsessive personality is familially forged. Biological theories, few, unelaborated and weakened by postulating proximate instead of ultimate explanations, fail to seriously reckon with Torgersen’s findings. Truly integrating heritability estimates into a functional etiological account of obsessive character, it is argued in the discussion section, will come from an evolutionary model that understands obsessive personality to be an evolved strategy rather than a dysfunctional disorder.

  9. Les savoirs des prisons : rationalité punitive et savoirs critiques

    OpenAIRE

    Chantraine, Gilles

    2011-01-01

    Qu’il s’agisse de déconstruire le mythe fondateur de la prison pour peine, d’identifier la rationalité dominante du système pénal moderne ou d’objectiver la violence structurelle des mécanismes sécuritaires des établissements pénitentiaires, les savoirs critiques, en matière de prison et de pénalité, sont animés par une même conviction : pour changer le regard sur la prison, la recherche se doit de rompre avec un ensemble d’« évidences » qui, portées, c’est selon, par des savoirs juridiques, ...

  10. WHY WORK? A CULTURALLY INFORMED CRITIQUE OF PAST AND PRESENT SHOP FLOOR INTERPRETATIONS OF WORK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MIHAELA KELEMEN

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides a cultural critique of the meanings of work as theytranscend different modes of production. Twenty years on from the collapse of state socialism,Western experts are still called upon to prescribe ‘the best way’ for how productive workshould be conducted/managed across the non-Western world (Jankowicz, 1993; 1994; Kostera,1995, Kelemen, 1999. This ‘one best way’ usually assumes that the basic unit of analysis is therational, utility-maximising individual; a species, bred inside Westernized secondary andtertiary educational institutions, business schools, or (vocational training courses, all of theseproducing their special form of ‘learning to labour’ (Willis, 1977. Thus equipped, this species– what we might call, for the time being, the ‘model-worker’ - is bound to inhabit a ratherinhabitable place, an arena of in increasingly global capitalism: the market.

  11. What’s so Critical about Critical Neuroscience? -Rethinking Experiment, Enacting Critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Des eFitzgerald

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In the midst of on-going hype about the power and potency of the new brain sciences, scholars within ‘Critical Neuroscience’ have called for a more nuanced and sceptical neuroscientific knowledge-practice. Drawing especially on the Frankfurt School, they urge neuroscientists towards a more critical approach – one that re-inscribes the objects and practices of neuroscientific knowledge within webs of social, cultural, historical and political-economic contingency. This paper is an attempt to open up the black-box of ‘critique’ within Critical Neuroscience itself. Specifically, we argue that limiting enactments of critique to the invocation of context misses the force of what a highly-stylized and tightly-bound neuroscientific experiment can actually do. We show that, within the neuroscientific experiment itself, the world-excluding and context-denying ‘rules of the game’ may also enact critique, in novel and surprising forms, while remaining formally independent of the workings of society, and culture, and history. To demonstrate this possibility, we analyze the Optimally Interacting Minds paradigm, a neuroscientific experiment that used classical psychophysical methods to show that, in some situations, people worked better as a collective, and not as individuals – a claim that works precisely against reactionary tendencies that prioritise individual over collective agency, but that was generated and legitimized entirely within the formal, context-denying conventions of neuroscientific experimentation. At the heart of this paper is a claim that it was precisely the rigours and rules of the experimental game that allowed these scientists to enact some surprisingly critical, and even radical, gestures. We conclude by suggesting that, in the midst of large-scale neuroscientific initiatives, it may be 'experiment,' and not 'context,' that forms the meeting-ground between neuro-biological and socio-political research practices.

  12. La critique du réalisme leibnizien dans le De Motu de Berkeley.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luc Peterschmitt

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available L’objet de Berkeley dans le De Motu est de marquer l’autonomie de la mécanique (ou dynamique et de la métaphysique, en montrant que le concept de force tel qu’on l’utilise en mécanique ne peut servir à déterminer ce qu’il en est de la nature des choses. Pour établir cette distinction entre ces deux domaines du savoir, Berkeley à la fois s’appuie sur et critique la notion leibnizienne de force : Leibniz assure la réalité de la force dérivative (concept mécanique en la fondant sur la forme substantielle des corps, ou force primitive (concept métaphysique, qui permet d’attribuer aux corps une efficace causale. En récusant la forme substantielle comme inconcevable, Berkeley ruine alors le réalisme leibnizien, en vertu du lien posé par Leibniz lui-même entre sa métaphysique et sa dynamique. Mais du coup, cela permet à Berkeley d’instaurer un nouveau rôle à la métaphysique face à la mécanique : non plus un rôle fondateur comme celui que lui assigne Leibniz, mais un rôle critique, celui d’une instance qui dit les conditions sous lesquelles l’usage des concept est valide en science.

  13. Critique of the regulatory limitations of exhaust CO2 emissions from passenger cars in European union

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Transport is the second emitter of CO2 in the European Union, after the energy production sector, with constantly increased trend. European Union proposed the regulation 443/2009 to control the CO2 emissions from new passenger cars. According to that regulation, the average, for each car manufacturer, CO2 emissions of the new passenger cars registered in 2020 in European Union should not exceed the value of 95 g CO2/km on the New European Driving Cycle. In the present work the regulation 443/2009 is analyzed and a critique is addressed to four points. The first point concerns the average upper limit of CO2 emissions of each car manufacturer. The second point concerns the possible derogation for the low volume manufacturers and the third to the penalties for the extra CO2 emissions. The fourth point concerns the value of the proposed average upper limit of CO2 emissions and the possibility to be changed in the future. A change to the above points is proposed. The maximum decrease of CO2 emissions and the principle of equality of citizens are the two principles of our propositions for the CO2 regulations. - Highlights: ► A critique is made on four points of the regulation 443/2009. ► A new proposition is made based on the principle of equity of all EU citizens and the maximum decrease of CO2 emissions. ► Our proposition is based on the principle of the same CO2 emissions of all new passenger cars. ► The regulation must not have any derogations or penalties.

  14. CPR: Adult

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available Refresher Center Home FIRST AID, CPR and AED LIFEGUARDING Refresher Putting It All Together: CPR—Adult (2:03) Refresher videos only utilize this player QUICK LINKS Home RedCross.org Purchase Course Materials Shop Our Store ...

  15. [Adult twins].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charlemaine, Christiane

    2006-12-31

    This paper explores the deep roots of closeness that twins share in their youngest age and their effect on their destiny at the adult age. Psychologists believe the bond between twins begins in utero and develops throughout the twins' lives. The four patterns of twinship described show that the twin bond is determined by the quality of parenting that twins receive in their infancy and early childhood. Common problems of adult twins bring about difficulties to adapt in a non-twin world. The nature versus nurture controversy has taken on new life focusing on inter-twin differences and the importance of parent-child interaction as fundamental to the growth and development of personality. PMID:17352324

  16. Adult Immunization

    OpenAIRE

    Omer Coskun

    2008-01-01

    Despite the many advances in modern medicine, each year thousands of people in the world die from diseases that are easily prevented by safe and effective vaccines. Few measures in preventive medicine are of such proven value and as easy to implement as routine immunization against infectious diseases. Prevention of infection by immunization is a lifelong process. There are a number of vaccines that all adults (¡I18 years) require. There are also other vaccines that need to be tailored t...

  17. Adult Leukemias

    OpenAIRE

    Moore, Lyall K.

    1984-01-01

    Over the past several years, advances have been made in the classification, diagnosis and therapy of the adult leukemias. The overall prognosis and quality of life have improved greatly, especially for patients with acute nonlymphoblastic leukemias. Some of the advances are described in this article. The importance of the clinical, laboratory and diagnostic tests for acute, chronic granulocytic and chronic lymphocytic leukemia are stressed. The therapy and prognosis for patients with the vari...

  18. Recherche d’adultération dans les huiles végétales : application à la qualité des huiles vierges et notamment de l’huile d’olive

    OpenAIRE

    Ollivier Denis

    2003-01-01

    La recherche d’adultération des huiles végétales alimentaires, notamment par des huiles raffinées dans les huiles vierges, et plus spécialement dans le cas des huiles d’olive vierge, constitue un véritable défit analytique. L’évolution de l’aspect réglementaire est décrite. Les différentes méthodes de dosage sont passées en revue : compositions en acides gras, en stérols, en triglycérides, analyse spectrophométrique, teneurs en stigmastadiènes. Un bilan analytique est dressé....

  19. Major Depression Among Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Children Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Eating Disorders Among Adults - Anorexia Nervosa Eating Disorders Among Adults - Binge Eating Disorder Eating ... Children Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Eating Disorders Among Adults - Anorexia Nervosa Eating Disorders Among Adults - Binge Eating Disorder Eating ...

  20. Panic Disorder among Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Children Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Eating Disorders Among Adults - Anorexia Nervosa Eating Disorders Among Adults - Binge Eating Disorder Eating ... Children Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Eating Disorders Among Adults - Anorexia Nervosa Eating Disorders Among Adults - Binge Eating Disorder Eating ...

  1. Bipolar Disorder Among Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Children Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Eating Disorders Among Adults - Anorexia Nervosa Eating Disorders Among Adults - Binge Eating Disorder Eating ... Children Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Eating Disorders Among Adults - Anorexia Nervosa Eating Disorders Among Adults - Binge Eating Disorder Eating ...

  2. Occupy Wall Street as Immanent Critique: Why IR Theory Needs a ‘Mic Check!’

    OpenAIRE

    Nicholas J. Kiersey

    2012-01-01

    The recent movements that have emerged across the world to ‘occupy’ various public spaces present an immanent critique of the contemporary arrangements of global politics – one that theorists of International Relations (IR) and International Political Economy(IPE) should reflect on with some urgency. Emerging from a complex intertext including, but by no means limited to, anarchist and neo-Marxist frameworks, the movement has called for a recognition and appraisal of the ‘communism of everyda...

  3. A critical assessment of environmental policy studies - Towards a discursive analysis and critique of the ideology of policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Gabriel Foa Torres

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper seeks, from a critical evaluation of a range of environmental public policy studies, to question their most important theoretical assumptions, in order to propose and put the focus of discourse analysis and ideology critique of policies. Faced with perspectives that emphasize the management function of the state, intends to focus on discursive and ideological conditions that make possible the stabilization and political transformation of those social practices related to the formulation and implementation of environmental policies.

  4. Postsecularism, piety and fanaticism: reflections on Jürgen Habermas' and Saba Mahmood’s critiques of secularism

    OpenAIRE

    Jansen, Y.

    2011-01-01

    This article analyses how recent critiques of secularism in political philosophy and cultural anthropology might productively be combined and contrasted with each other. I will show that Jürgen Habermas' postsecularism takes insufficient account of elementary criticisms of secularism on the part of anthropologists such as Talal Asad and Saba Mahmood. However, I shall also criticize Saba Mahmood’s reading of secularism by arguing that, in the end, she replaces the secular-religious divide with...

  5. A working class critique to the bourgeois policies of dismantling the full tenure and perpetuating renewable contracts affecting library workers

    OpenAIRE

    Muela-Meza, Zapopan Martín

    2014-01-01

    This paper, “A working class critique to the bourgeois policies of dismantling the full tenure and perpetuating renewable contracts affecting library workers” analyses this research problem: What are some of the most adverse effects of the burgeois policies of their labor flexibility and precariousness by dismantling the lack of labor tenure and promotion, and by perpetuating the renewal of contracts affecting social and labor stability and thus their humane living conditions, health, and hap...

  6. Does Student Sorting Invalidate Value-Added Models of Teacher Effectiveness? An Extended Analysis of the Rothstein Critique

    OpenAIRE

    Cory Koedel; Julian Betts

    2011-01-01

    Value-added modeling continues to gain traction as a tool for measuring teacher performance. However, recent research questions the validity of the value-added approach by showing that it does not mitigate student-teacher sorting bias (its presumed primary benefit). Our study explores this critique in more detail. Although we find that estimated teacher effects from some value-added models are severely biased, we also show that a sufficiently complex value-added model that evaluates teachers ...

  7. On Being Holier-Than-Thou: A Critique of Curry Malott's "Pseudo-Marxism and the Reformist Retreat from Revolution"

    Science.gov (United States)

    McGrew, Ken

    2011-01-01

    In the May 2011 edition of this journal, Curry Malott contributed an essay review of Jean Anyon's "Marx and Education" (2011). The author would summarize Mallot's critiques of her book as follows: (1) she didn't write the book that he wanted her to write; (2) she didn't cite the authors that he wanted her to cite; and (3) her work is anti-Marxist…

  8. Inclusive Education for Children with Special Education Needs:A Critique of Policy and Practice in New Zealand

    OpenAIRE

    Garry Hornby

    2012-01-01

    This article considers the issue of inclusive education for children with disabilities and special educational needs, in particular with regard to policies and practices in developed countries, such as New Zealand. The article reviews the debate about inclusive education and outlines several confusions about inclusion that have emerged from this debate. It then provides a critique of policies and practices regarding inclusive education in New Zealand, in comparison to those in other developed...

  9. Adult hepatoblastoma

    OpenAIRE

    Javier A. Cienfuegos; Tania Labiano; Nicolás Pedano; Gabriel N. Zozaya; Pablo Martí-Cruchaga; Ángel Panizo; Fernando Rotellar

    2013-01-01

    Adult hepatoblastoma (AHB) is a very rare tumor, having been described 45 cases up to June 2012. In contrast to HB in infancy (IHB), it has poor prognosis. We present the case of a 37-year-old asymptomatic woman who consulted for a large -12 cm diameter- mass involving segments 5 and 6 of the liver, and alfa-fetoprotein of 1,556,30 UI/mL. A bisegmentectomy was carried out. The microscopic study confirmed the AHB diagnosis, revealing the presence of epithelial cells forming clusters, trabecula...

  10. Ethics of Risk. Kristin Shrader-Frechette's Philosophical Critique of Risk Assessment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper addresses risk assessment from a philosophical point of view. It presents and critically reviews the work of Kristin Shrader-Frechette. It introduces the ethical, epistemological, and methodological issues related to risk assessment. The paper focuses on the ethical questions of justice in risk decisions. It opens by framing the relationship between ethics and technology in the modern world. Then the paper turns to a brief description of risk assessment as a central method in technological decision making. It proceeds to show how Shrader-Frechette analyzes ethical and political aspects of risk assessment. The central argumentation In her critique follows RawIsian lines: distributive and participatory inequalities in creating technological constructions need to be justified. To clarify this requirement she formulates the Principle of Prima Facie Political Equity (PPFPE), which is her central tool in most of her ethical criticism, for instance, in relation to the future generations: prima facie. all generations should be treated equally. Brief critical remarks conclude the paper. They touch upon placing Shrader-Frechette's project on the academic chart and her liberal individualist anthropology

  11. Discussion on the spectral coherence between planetary, solar and climate oscillations: a reply to some critiques

    CERN Document Server

    Scafetta, Nicola

    2014-01-01

    During the last few years a number of works have proposed that planetary harmonics regulate solar oscillations and the Earth climate. Herein I address some critiques. Detailed analysis of the data do support the planetary theory of solar and climate variation. In particular, I show that: (1) high-resolution cosmogenic 10Be and 14C solar activity proxy records both during the Holocene and during the Marine Interglacial Stage 9.3 (MIS 9.3), 325-336 kyr ago, present four common spectral peaks at about 103, 115, 130 and 150 yrs (this is the frequency band that generates Maunder and Dalton like grand solar minima) that can be deduced from a simple solar model based on a generic non-linear coupling between planetary and solar harmonics; (2) time-frequency analysis and advanced minimum variance distortion-less response (MVDR) magnitude squared coherence analysis confirm the existence of persistent astronomical harmonics in the climate records at the decadal and multidecadal scales when used with an appropriate windo...

  12. Instruments measuring perceived racism/racial discrimination: review and critique of factor analytic techniques.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atkins, Rahshida

    2014-01-01

    Several compendiums of instruments that measure perceived racism and/or discrimination are present in the literature. Other works have reviewed the psychometric properties of these instruments in terms of validity and reliability and have indicated if the instrument was factor analyzed. However, little attention has been given to the quality of the factor analysis performed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the exploratory factor analyses done on instruments measuring perceived racism/racial discrimination using guidelines from experts in psychometric theory. The techniques used for factor analysis were reviewed and critiqued and the adequacy of reporting was evaluated. Internet search engines and four electronic abstract databases were used to identify 16 relevant instruments that met the inclusion/exclusion criteria. Principal component analysis was the most frequent method of extraction (81%). Sample sizes were adequate for factor analysis in 81 percent of studies. The majority of studies reported appropriate criteria for the acceptance of un-rotated factors (81%) and justified the rotation method (75%). Exactly 94 percent of studies reported partially acceptable criteria for the acceptance of rotated factors. The majority of articles (69%) reported adequate coefficient alphas for the resultant subscales. In 81 percent of the studies, the conceptualized dimensions were supported by factor analysis.

  13. Sept programmes normatifs pour une sociologie critique des inégalités

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-Louis Genard

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Toute sociologie critique présuppose la référence à un horizon normatif fondant la défense des positions critiques. Cet horizon normatif demeure parfois, voire souvent, implicite, vraisemblablement parce que son explicitation paraîtrait transgresser l’impératif de neutralisation axiologique qui marque fortement l’épistémologie des sciences sociales, ou, à tout le moins, parce qu’il fait glisser le travail du sociologue sur les terrains de la théorie politique ou du militantisme. Cette contribution cherche au contraire à rendre explicites ces horizons normatifs dans le cas, central pour la sociologie critique, des inégalités sociales. Sept paradigmes normatifs sont ainsi dégagés, articulés et mis en relation avec les enjeux actuels relatifs aux théories de la justice. Leur différenciation se construit principalement à partir de discussions sur les référentiels anthropologiques qui servent d’appui critique (l’idéal anthropologique d’une société juste est-elle l’autonomie ou la vulnérabilité ? Qu’est-ce que l’autonomie ?, etc., sur les conceptions de la justice (l’égalité doit-elle être pensée comme égalité de traitement, de ressources, d’opportunités…? Doit-elle être réfléchie comme redistribution ou comme reconnaissance ?, sur les manières d’envisager la collectivisation de la responsabilité (jusqu’où devons-nous assumer le droit à la différence ? Faut-il y inclure les générations futures ?, ainsi que sur les manières de définir ce qu’est une vie bonne (faut-il mettre en question les liens entre autonomie et émancipation ? La visée de l’égalité ne doit-elle pas d’abord mettre en question nos conceptions héritées de la vie bonne qui sont de fait phagocytées par la consommation et le gaspillage ?.Seven Normative Programs for a Critical Sociology of InequalitiesAny critical sociology assumes a reference to a normative horizon based on the defense of

  14. INSTRUMENTS MEASURING PERCEIVED RACISM/RACIAL DISCRIMINATION: REVIEW AND CRITIQUE OF FACTOR ANALYTIC TECHNIQUES

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atkins, Rahshida

    2015-01-01

    Several compendiums of instruments that measure perceived racism and/or discrimination are present in the literature. Other works have reviewed the psychometric properties of these instruments in terms of validity and reliability and have indicated if the instrument was factor analyzed. However, little attention has been given to the quality of the factor analysis performed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the exploratory factor analyses done on instruments measuring perceived racism/racial discrimination using guidelines from experts in psychometric theory. The techniques used for factor analysis were reviewed and critiqued and the adequacy of reporting was evaluated. Internet search engines and four electronic abstract databases were used to identify 16 relevant instruments that met the inclusion/exclusion criteria. Principal component analysis was the most frequent method of extraction (81%). Sample sizes were adequate for factor analysis in 81 percent of studies. The majority of studies reported appropriate criteria for the acceptance of un-rotated factors (81%) and justified the rotation method (75%). Exactly 94 percent of studies reported partially acceptable criteria for the acceptance of rotated factors. The majority of articles (69%) reported adequate coefficient alphas for the resultant subscales. In 81 percent of the studies, the conceptualized dimensions were supported by factor analysis. PMID:25626225

  15. “Appearance and the Supersensible World”: Emptiness of the Biopolitical Critique of Power

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rok Svetlič

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper takes up for its subject the specific explanatory mechanism of biopolitical discourse. By drawing on two concepts from Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel’s philosophy, it argues that this type of discourse creates no hermeneutical surplus. The first concept can be found in Phenomenology of Spirit, in the chapter “Force and Understanding: Appearance and the Supersensible World”, and the second in The Science of Logic in the chapter “Formal Ground”. It will be demonstrated that the biopolitical critique of power does not distinguish between explicandum and explicans – at its core, it enacts a tautology. It takes merely one moment out of a complex phenomenon under interpretation (this being a moment of negativity, which is in fact common to all phenomena. Then it takes this moment to be the regulative principle guiding the dynamics of the interpreted phenomenon. The problem of this method of explaining is not that it is wrong, but that it is always true. Tautology is an empty always-truth. From beginning to end of this paper, biopolitical discourse is understood from the perspective of trust in the State organism as a central State-building virtue of the democratic culture. Ultimately, the paper shows that biopolitics is just one way of taking oneself out of the thought of the world, which inevitably inhibits the ability of the State to provide for the basic needs of the population.

  16. Ethics of Risk. Kristin Shrader-Frechette's Philosophical Critique of Risk Assessment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Heikkeroe, Topi [Univ. of Helsinki (Finland). Centre for Social Ethics

    2006-09-15

    This paper addresses risk assessment from a philosophical point of view. It presents and critically reviews the work of Kristin Shrader-Frechette. It introduces the ethical, epistemological, and methodological issues related to risk assessment. The paper focuses on the ethical questions of justice in risk decisions. It opens by framing the relationship between ethics and technology in the modern world. Then the paper turns to a brief description of risk assessment as a central method in technological decision making. It proceeds to show how Shrader-Frechette analyzes ethical and political aspects of risk assessment. The central argumentation In her critique follows RawIsian lines: distributive and participatory inequalities in creating technological constructions need to be justified. To clarify this requirement she formulates the Principle of Prima Facie Political Equity (PPFPE), which is her central tool in most of her ethical criticism, for instance, in relation to the future generations: prima facie. all generations should be treated equally. Brief critical remarks conclude the paper. They touch upon placing Shrader-Frechette's project on the academic chart and her liberal individualist anthropology.

  17. Analyse critique et dimensionnelle du concept de santéisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hélène Poliquin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Devant les avancées biomédicales ainsi que l’accroissement des coûts en santé, les individus sont incités à redouter et prévenir les maladies en modifiant leurs comportements. De plus, la santé élevée au rang des vertus ou « la santéisation » s’inscrit au cœur des valeurs modernes néolibérales que sont l’autonomie, la responsabilisation et la performance. Dorénavant, la santé et les comportements de santé constituent des moyens privilégiés d’aspirer au bonheur, au bien-être et à l’accomplissement de soi d’autant plus que l’individu jouit d’un statut socioéconomique élevé. Néanmoins, la santéisation peut aussi contribuer à la stigmatisation et l’exclusion sociale en plus de renforcer le sentiment chez certains d’avoir échoué à être des citoyens responsables. Ce texte présente une analyse critique et dimensionnelle du concept de santéisation qui s’appuie, sur cadre théorique composé entre autres, de travaux de Foucault sur le gouvernement des vivants et de Taylor sur l’individu moderne.

  18. Critique of Caplan’s The Myth of the Rational Voter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stuart Farrand

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Bryan Caplan’s 2007 book, The Myth of the Rational Voter, created some controversy by stating that voters make irrational political decisions. While it has commonly been accepted in public choice discourse that citizens are ignorant of the complexities of politics, Caplan takes the argument one step further and states that citizens hold extreme anti-economic biases that invoke certain irrational demands of politicians. Caplan also asserts that democratic failure is thoroughly a result of the these irrational biases, and that citizens deserve the primary blame for problems within the American political system. This critique analyzes several inconsistencies in Caplan’s assessment of the political condition, which include his doctrine of rational irrationality, his skepticism towards democratic failure, and his apologetic attitude towards politicians. Under closer scrutiny, one can see that Caplan’s main thesis, the concept of rational irrationality, is largely unfounded. Furthermore, the theoretical model he constructs is largely incomplete, since he focuses primarily on the failures of citizens, but does not take into account numerous other factors within the political process that can lead to democratic failure.

  19. 贿赂犯罪及其批判%Analysis of Bribery and Its Critique

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李荣庆; 孟宪胜

    2012-01-01

    批判贿赂犯罪,拟扩大人们的廉洁和反腐视野,揭示贿赂犯罪及其所导致的腐败行为制约了人类社会的健康发展。为此,必须提高打击腐败的认识,根据腐败分子的心理特征制定教育、防范和打击措施,强化共产党员的个人修养,坚持党的正确领导,促进经济发展和社会进步,为根治腐败创造良好条件。%The view of honesty and anti - corruption is enlarged and it also revealed that the crime of bribery and the corruption behavior resulted from bribery, which restricted the health development of the human society through the critique of the crime of bribery. So, we must deepen the understanding of fighting criminals of corruption, establish the measurement of education, keeping watch and fighting according the psychological characteristic of the corrupt element. We must also create the good condi- tion to promote the economic development and the progress of the society through enhancing the personal accomplishment of mem- ber of Community Party as well as insisting on the correct leadership of the Community Party.

  20. Beethoven recordings reviewed: A systematic method for mapping the content of music performance critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena eAlessandri

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Critical reviews offer invaluable, rich data that can be utilized to investigate how musical experiences are conceptualized by experts. However, these data also present significant challenges in terms of organization, analysis, and interpretation. This study presents a new systematic method for examining written responses to music, tested on a substantial corpus of music critique. One hundred critical reviews of Beethoven’s piano sonata recordings, published in the Gramophone between August 1934 and July 2010, were selected using in-depth data reduction (qualitative/quantitative approach. The texts were then examined using thematic analysis in order to generate a visual descriptive model of expert critical review. This model reveals how the concept of evaluation permeates critical review. The model also distinguishes between two types of descriptors. The first characterizes the performance on specific actions or features of the musical sound (musical parameters, technique and energy; the second appeals to higher-order properties (artistic style, character and emotion, musical structure, communicativeness or assumed performer qualities (understanding, intentionality, spontaneity, sensibility, control, and care. The new model provides a first methodological guide and conceptual basis for future studies of critical review in any genre.

  1. The ethics of interrogation and the American Psychological Association: A critique of policy and process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davis Martha

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The Psychological Ethics and National Security (PENS task force was assembled by the American Psychological Association (APA to guide policy on the role of psychologists in interrogations at foreign detention centers for the purpose of U.S. national security. The task force met briefly in 2005, and its report was quickly accepted by the APA Board of Directors and deemed consistent with the APA Ethics Code by the APA Ethics Committee. This rapid acceptance was unusual for a number of reasons but primarily because of the APA's long-standing tradition of taking great care in developing ethical policies that protected anyone who might be impacted by the work of psychologists. Many psychological and non-governmental organizations (NGOs, as well as reputable journalists, believed the risk of harm associated with psychologist participation in interrogations at these detention centers was not adequately addressed by the report. The present critique analyzes the assumptions of the PENS report and its interpretations of the APA Ethics Code. We demonstrate that it presents only one (and not particularly representative side of a complex set of ethical issues. We conclude with a discussion of more appropriate psychological contributions to national security and world peace that better respect and preserve human rights.

  2. The Mediated Figure of Hmong Farmer, Hmong Studies, and Asian American Critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui Niu Wilcox

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this article is two-fold: First, it argues for critical engagement between Hmong Studies and Asian American Studies. Second, to illustrate the productivity of such engagement,this article analyzes the media coverage of an incident involving Hmong American farmers and their white neighbors in Eagan, Minnesota, June 2010. The focal question is how media discourses around farming and immigration serve to racialize Hmong American identities. Thisanalysis shows that Hmong Americans experience “Asiatic racialization” in that they are either discursively cast outside of the imagined American nation, or included contingent uponassimilation and conformity. Critiquing both the exclusionary and assimilative narratives, this article explicates the inherent contradictions of the U.S. nationalism, referencing both existingHmong Studies literature and Asian Americanist discourses on race and nation. Both bodies of work foreground the historical and social construction of identities, as well as the simultaneous,intertwined workings of race, class, gender/sexuality and nation. Critical dialogues could generate new ideas and possibilities for both Asian American Studies and Hmong Studies.

  3. Critique on the conceptualisation of quality of life: a review and evaluation of different conceptual approaches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moons, Philip; Budts, Werner; De Geest, Sabina

    2006-09-01

    Over the past decades, the concept of quality of life has been of paramount importance for evaluating the quality and outcome of health care. Despite its importance, there is still no consensus on the definition or proper measurement of quality of life. Several concept analyses of quality of life have been published. However, they appear to have had a rather limited impact on how empirical studies are conducted. Therefore, we present an overview and critique of different conceptualisations of quality of life, with the ultimate goal of making quality of life a less ambiguous concept. We also describe six conceptual problems. These problems were used as criteria to evaluate the appropriateness of different conceptualisations. This evaluation suggests that defining quality of life in terms of life satisfaction is most appropriate, because this definition successfully deals with all the conceptual problems discussed. The result of our concept evaluation was not surprising for it corroborated the results of several concept analyses and the findings of a structural equation modelling study. Based on the findings revealed by our review, we propose that the scientific community should revitalise the conceptual discussion on quality of life. Furthermore, our findings can assist researchers in developing more rigourous quality-of-life research.

  4. Facteurs influençant une saine alimentation chez des adolescents : revue de littérature destinée à l’infirmière en milieu scolaire

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danielle Boucher

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Certaines habitudes alimentaires des adolescents sont associées à une augmentation inquiétante de l’excès de poids, du nombre de cas d’obésité et du développement de maladies chroniques. Ce phénomène est maintenant considéré comme un problème majeur en santé publique. En promotion de la santé, des modèles écologiques ont été développés pour illustrer la manière dont les caractéristiques personnelles, interpersonnelles, institutionnelles, communautaires et politiques peuvent influencer les comportements. Nous avons utilisé ce modèle pour revoir les facteurs d’influence d’une saine alimentation chez des adolescents de 12 à 18 ans vivant dans des pays industrialisés. Nous avons identifié dans la littérature scientifique des facteurs individuels tels que les connaissances, l’attitude et les croyances, des facteurs interpersonnels tels que la famille et les pairs et des facteurs institutionnels tels que l’école qui peuvent influencer les choix alimentaires des adolescents. La connaissance de ces facteurs peut constituer un préalable lors du choix d’interventions pertinentes ciblant un changement de comportement et permettre ainsi aux infirmières, notamment celles œuvrant en milieu scolaire, d’intervenir plus efficacement auprès des jeunes. Les futures interventions pour promouvoir une saine alimentation pourraient donc cibler ces différents niveaux écologiques et prendre en compte leurs interactions. Le but du présent article est de faire le point sur l’état des connaissances concernant les facteurs qui influencent une saine alimentation chez les adolescents de 12 à 18 ans par le biais d’une revue de littérature dans ce domaine.

  5. 社会合理性批判的历史逻辑:从物化批判到技术批判%Historical Logic of the Critique of Social Rationality:From Critique of Reification to Critique of Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高海青

    2012-01-01

    随着现实社会的更迭,西方马克思主义社会合理性批判的形式也不断革新,社会合理性批判的逻辑从卢卡奇的物化批判,演变为马尔库塞的技术理性批判,又更新为芬伯格的技术批判。尽管批判的对象都是技术,但是批判的策略和改革的策略却根据现实形式不断发生变化,从卢卡奇的阶级革命到马尔库塞爱欲解放和感性解放再到芬伯格的技术政治,这些批判理论都是对社会现实展开批判和改革的尝试。从另一种角度上,通过梳理社会合理性批判的历史逻辑,能够在技术的境域内更加历史地把握社会发展的脉络。%Along with the changes of real social outlook, the forms of the critique of social rationality also constantly experiences innovations; it has experienced Lukacs's reifieation, Marcuse's one-dimension, and Feenberg's technical critique. The critical object has ever been teehnology, but the strategy of critique and reform which based on real society constantly changes; it has experienced Lukacs's class revolution, Marcuse's liberation of Eros or liberation of sensibility, and Feenberg~s technical politics, all the critical theories are various attempts to critique and reform social reality. From another view, we can grasp the social development historically within the context of technology through analyzing the historical logic of the critique of social rationality.

  6. Adult Immunization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omer Coskun

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Despite the many advances in modern medicine, each year thousands of people in the world die from diseases that are easily prevented by safe and effective vaccines. Few measures in preventive medicine are of such proven value and as easy to implement as routine immunization against infectious diseases. Prevention of infection by immunization is a lifelong process. There are a number of vaccines that all adults (¡I18 years require. There are also other vaccines that need to be tailored to meet individual variations in risk resulting from occupation, foreign travel, underlying illness, lifestyle and age. In this study, we tried to review this important subject. [TAF Prev Med Bull. 2008; 7(2: 159-166

  7. Adult Immunization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Omer Coskun

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Despite the many advances in modern medicine, each year thousands of people in the world die from diseases that are easily prevented by safe and effective vaccines. Few measures in preventive medicine are of such proven value and as easy to implement as routine immunization against infectious diseases. Prevention of infection by immunization is a lifelong process. There are a number of vaccines that all adults (¡I18 years require. There are also other vaccines that need to be tailored to meet individual variations in risk resulting from occupation, foreign travel, underlying illness, lifestyle and age. In this study, we tried to review this important subject. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2008; 7(2.000: 159-166

  8. Adult flatfoot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toullec, E

    2015-02-01

    Adult flatfoot is defined as a flattening of the medial arch of the foot in weight-bearing and lack of a propulsive gait. The 3 lesion levels are the talonavicular, tibiotarsal and midfoot joints. The subtalar joint is damaged by the consequent rotational defects. Clinical examination determines deformity and reducibility, and assesses any posterior tibialis muscle deficit, the posterior tibialis tendon and spring ligament being frequently subject to degenerative lesions. Radiographic examination in 3 incidences in weight-bearing is essential, to determine the principal level of deformity. Tendon (posterior tibialis tendon) and ligamentous lesions (spring ligament and interosseous ligament) are analyzed on MRI or ultrasound. In fixed deformities, CT explores for arthritic evolution or specific etiologies. 3D CT reconstruction can analyze bone and joint morphology and contribute to the planning of any osteotomy. Medical management associates insoles and physiotherapy. Acute painful flatfoot requires strict cast immobilization. Surgical treatment associates numerous combinations of procedures, currently under assessment for supple flatfoot: for the hindfoot: medial slide calcaneal osteotomy, calcaneal lengthening osteotomy, or arthroereisis; for the midfoot: arthrodesis on one or several rays, or first cuneiform or first metatarsal osteotomy; for the ankle: medial collateral ligament repair with tendon transfer. Fixed deformities require arthrodesis of one or several joint-lines in the hindfoot; for the ankle, total replacement after realignment of the foot, or tibiotalocalcaneal fusion or ankle and hindfoot fusion; and, for the midfoot, cuneonavicular or cuneometatarsal fusion. Tendinous procedures are often associated. Specific etiologies may need individualized procedures. In conclusion, adult flatfoot tends to be diagnosed and managed too late, with consequent impact on the ankle, the management of which is complex and poorly codified.

  9. Adult flatfoot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toullec, E

    2015-02-01

    Adult flatfoot is defined as a flattening of the medial arch of the foot in weight-bearing and lack of a propulsive gait. The 3 lesion levels are the talonavicular, tibiotarsal and midfoot joints. The subtalar joint is damaged by the consequent rotational defects. Clinical examination determines deformity and reducibility, and assesses any posterior tibialis muscle deficit, the posterior tibialis tendon and spring ligament being frequently subject to degenerative lesions. Radiographic examination in 3 incidences in weight-bearing is essential, to determine the principal level of deformity. Tendon (posterior tibialis tendon) and ligamentous lesions (spring ligament and interosseous ligament) are analyzed on MRI or ultrasound. In fixed deformities, CT explores for arthritic evolution or specific etiologies. 3D CT reconstruction can analyze bone and joint morphology and contribute to the planning of any osteotomy. Medical management associates insoles and physiotherapy. Acute painful flatfoot requires strict cast immobilization. Surgical treatment associates numerous combinations of procedures, currently under assessment for supple flatfoot: for the hindfoot: medial slide calcaneal osteotomy, calcaneal lengthening osteotomy, or arthroereisis; for the midfoot: arthrodesis on one or several rays, or first cuneiform or first metatarsal osteotomy; for the ankle: medial collateral ligament repair with tendon transfer. Fixed deformities require arthrodesis of one or several joint-lines in the hindfoot; for the ankle, total replacement after realignment of the foot, or tibiotalocalcaneal fusion or ankle and hindfoot fusion; and, for the midfoot, cuneonavicular or cuneometatarsal fusion. Tendinous procedures are often associated. Specific etiologies may need individualized procedures. In conclusion, adult flatfoot tends to be diagnosed and managed too late, with consequent impact on the ankle, the management of which is complex and poorly codified. PMID:25595429

  10. Moral Development in Late Adolescence and Adulthood: A Critique and Reconstruction of Kohlberg's Theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, John Michael; Gilligan, Carol

    1980-01-01

    Provides an alternative conception of postconventional moral development which fits existing data on late adolescent and adult moral judgment better than Kohlberg's higher stage descriptions. Data is from a longitudinal study of 26 undergraduates at Harvard. (Author/SS)

  11. Entry into labour: The experience of young adults in Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, Candido A.

    1990-12-01

    This study focuses on the experience of young adults employed in the tertiary sector in Brasília. The results show that young people are prepared for work by on-the-job training and nonformal education; schooling is mainly an indicator of trainability. Entry into the labour force reinforces social differences in family background and schooling. The results tend to support the moderate version of classical theory with regard to the nature of school/work relationships. In the context of the conflict paradigm, the data run contrary to both reproductionism and the radical critique of this view. From the comparative standpoint youth is an underprivileged group in the labour market, regardless of sex, socioeconomic status and country of residence. Despite these variations, societies are stratified by age groups.

  12. Place de la physiothérapie dans la prise en charge de la maladie de Legg-Perthes-Calve: analyse critique de la littérature : travail de Bachelor

    OpenAIRE

    Zimmermann, Deborah; Leperlier, Laura; Bürge, Elisabeth

    2013-01-01

    La maladie de Legg-Perthes-Calvé (LPC) occupe en fréquence la deuxième place des altérations orthopédiques pédiatriques. Le principal risque à long terme est la coxarthrose précoce. Le but principal de cette revue est d’évaluer l’efficacité de la physiothérapie dans le traitement de la maladie de LPC.

  13. Modelling biological behaviours with the unified modelling language: an immunological case study and critique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Read, Mark; Andrews, Paul S; Timmis, Jon; Kumar, Vipin

    2014-10-01

    We present a framework to assist the diagrammatic modelling of complex biological systems using the unified modelling language (UML). The framework comprises three levels of modelling, ranging in scope from the dynamics of individual model entities to system-level emergent properties. By way of an immunological case study of the mouse disease experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, we show how the framework can be used to produce models that capture and communicate the biological system, detailing how biological entities, interactions and behaviours lead to higher-level emergent properties observed in the real world. We demonstrate how the UML can be successfully applied within our framework, and provide a critique of UML's ability to capture concepts fundamental to immunology and biology more generally. We show how specialized, well-explained diagrams with less formal semantics can be used where no suitable UML formalism exists. We highlight UML's lack of expressive ability concerning cyclic feedbacks in cellular networks, and the compounding concurrency arising from huge numbers of stochastic, interacting agents. To compensate for this, we propose several additional relationships for expressing these concepts in UML's activity diagram. We also demonstrate the ambiguous nature of class diagrams when applied to complex biology, and question their utility in modelling such dynamic systems. Models created through our framework are non-executable, and expressly free of simulation implementation concerns. They are a valuable complement and precursor to simulation specifications and implementations, focusing purely on thoroughly exploring the biology, recording hypotheses and assumptions, and serve as a communication medium detailing exactly how a simulation relates to the real biology. PMID:25142524

  14. Worldwide incidence of malaria in 2009: estimates, time trends, and a critique of methods.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Richard E Cibulskis

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Measuring progress towards Millennium Development Goal 6, including estimates of, and time trends in, the number of malaria cases, has relied on risk maps constructed from surveys of parasite prevalence, and on routine case reports compiled by health ministries. Here we present a critique of both methods, illustrated with national incidence estimates for 2009. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We compiled information on the number of cases reported by National Malaria Control Programs in 99 countries with ongoing malaria transmission. For 71 countries we estimated the total incidence of Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax by adjusting the number of reported cases using data on reporting completeness, the proportion of suspects that are parasite-positive, the proportion of confirmed cases due to each Plasmodium species, and the extent to which patients use public sector health facilities. All four factors varied markedly among countries and regions. For 28 African countries with less reliable routine surveillance data, we estimated the number of cases from model-based methods that link measures of malaria transmission with case incidence. In 2009, 98% of cases were due to P. falciparum in Africa and 65% in other regions. There were an estimated 225 million malaria cases (5th-95th centiles, 146-316 million worldwide, 176 (110-248 million in the African region, and 49 (36-68 million elsewhere. Our estimates are lower than other published figures, especially survey-based estimates for non-African countries. CONCLUSIONS: Estimates of malaria incidence derived from routine surveillance data were typically lower than those derived from surveys of parasite prevalence. Carefully interpreted surveillance data can be used to monitor malaria trends in response to control efforts, and to highlight areas where malaria programs and health information systems need to be strengthened. As malaria incidence declines around the world, evaluation of control efforts

  15. Modelling biological behaviours with the unified modelling language: an immunological case study and critique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Read, Mark; Andrews, Paul S; Timmis, Jon; Kumar, Vipin

    2014-10-01

    We present a framework to assist the diagrammatic modelling of complex biological systems using the unified modelling language (UML). The framework comprises three levels of modelling, ranging in scope from the dynamics of individual model entities to system-level emergent properties. By way of an immunological case study of the mouse disease experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, we show how the framework can be used to produce models that capture and communicate the biological system, detailing how biological entities, interactions and behaviours lead to higher-level emergent properties observed in the real world. We demonstrate how the UML can be successfully applied within our framework, and provide a critique of UML's ability to capture concepts fundamental to immunology and biology more generally. We show how specialized, well-explained diagrams with less formal semantics can be used where no suitable UML formalism exists. We highlight UML's lack of expressive ability concerning cyclic feedbacks in cellular networks, and the compounding concurrency arising from huge numbers of stochastic, interacting agents. To compensate for this, we propose several additional relationships for expressing these concepts in UML's activity diagram. We also demonstrate the ambiguous nature of class diagrams when applied to complex biology, and question their utility in modelling such dynamic systems. Models created through our framework are non-executable, and expressly free of simulation implementation concerns. They are a valuable complement and precursor to simulation specifications and implementations, focusing purely on thoroughly exploring the biology, recording hypotheses and assumptions, and serve as a communication medium detailing exactly how a simulation relates to the real biology.

  16. [Plinius and Greek physicians in Rome: the concept of nature and medical critique in Naturalis Historia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hahn, J

    1991-01-01

    Pliny's historical outline of the development of medicine, in Natural History 29.1-27, is our primary source concerning the reception of scientific medicine at Rome during the later Republic and early Empire. Here, as elsewhere, Pliny handles Greek doctors and their medical practices with vehement disapproval. But this attitude, at first glance anti-Hellene, traditionalistic, and critical of his coevals, arises from more deeply rooted notions: a specific conception of nature which can be shown to be the basis of Pliny's critique of medicine and his own times. Reconstruction of this "Plinean" conception reveals a view of nature marked by Stoic terminology and categories, though in fact derivate from various sources, idiosyncratic and characterized by a genuine love of and respect for nature and her creations. True comprehension of the lessons offered by nature, resulting in concrete mores of behaviour and moral categories, as opposed to theory and speculation, is the proper modus operandi for Pliny. And thus, with regard to the human process of self-discovery in the natural world, medicine plays a decisive role--for providential nature displays herself most clearly in the production of healing substances. Pliny notes among the proponents of scientific medicine, a general disregard for nature and her rules, while he finds just the opposite in traditional medicine. His own accomplishment resides not only in the safeguarding of numberless recipies from the world of folk medicine, but also in the facts that he under-pins these traditional methods of healing, and their basic principles, with a specific conception of nature, and that he marks out an exceptionally important place for traditional methods of healing in the canon of general knowledge.

  17. A critique of social marketing in the non-profit development sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.M. Fourie

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available In its struggle to find funding, non-profit organisations world-wide are increasingly using social marketing strategies. This approach potentially influences non governmental organisations (NGOs and community based organisations (CBOs in their communication with their “clients”, i.e. those persons and com-munities in need of development. Marketing strategies con-sequently become instruments in achieving social development, with as main premise that behaviour could be changed by means of persuasive, top-down communication. Social marketing, with its roots in marketing, has a strong focus on persuasion and favours top-down communication rather than dialogical communication strategies suggested by the par-ticipatory development communication approach. It is also questionable whether social marketing can be equated with the principles of a Biblically informed approach to communication. With these questions in mind, this article discusses Biblical views on communication and the participatory development communication approach. A critique of the social marketing approach is then offered. It is argued here that there is no clear-cut answer as to whether social marketing could be described as participatory. What is clear is that there are many different views on social marketing, as is the case with participatory approaches. It would thus seem more correct to place social marketing on a participation continuum, rather than to define it as being participatory and thus per definition ethical or not. Finally, a number of suggestions are made which could bring it more in line with the participatory communication approach as well as Biblical principles on com-munication.

  18. Development, implementation and critique of a bioethics framework for pharmaceutical sponsors of human biomedical research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Campen, Luann E; Therasse, Donald G; Klopfenstein, Mitchell; Levine, Robert J

    2015-11-01

    Pharmaceutical human biomedical research is a multi-dimensional endeavor that requires collaboration among many parties, including those who sponsor, conduct, participate in, or stand to benefit from the research. Human subjects' protections have been promulgated to ensure that the benefits of such research are accomplished with respect for and minimal risk to individual research participants, and with an overall sense of fairness. Although these protections are foundational to clinical research, most ethics guidance primarily highlights the responsibilities of investigators and ethics review boards. Currently, there is no published resource that comprehensively addresses bioethical responsibilities of industry sponsors; including their responsibilities to parties who are not research participants, but are, nevertheless key stakeholders in the endeavor. To fill this void, in 2010 Eli Lilly and Company instituted a Bioethics Framework for Human Biomedical Research. This paper describes how the framework was developed and implemented and provides a critique based on four years of experience. A companion article provides the actual document used by Eli Lilly and Company to guide ethical decisions regarding all phases of human clinical trials. While many of the concepts presented in this framework are not novel, compiling them in a manner that articulates the ethical responsibilities of a sponsor is novel. By utilizing this type of bioethics framework, we have been able to develop bioethics positions on various topics, provide research ethics consultations, and integrate bioethics into the daily operations of our human biomedical research. We hope that by sharing these companion papers we will stimulate discussion within and outside the biopharmaceutical industry for the benefit of the multiple parties involved in pharmaceutical human biomedical research.

  19. Development, implementation and critique of a bioethics framework for pharmaceutical sponsors of human biomedical research.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Campen, Luann E; Therasse, Donald G; Klopfenstein, Mitchell; Levine, Robert J

    2015-11-01

    Pharmaceutical human biomedical research is a multi-dimensional endeavor that requires collaboration among many parties, including those who sponsor, conduct, participate in, or stand to benefit from the research. Human subjects' protections have been promulgated to ensure that the benefits of such research are accomplished with respect for and minimal risk to individual research participants, and with an overall sense of fairness. Although these protections are foundational to clinical research, most ethics guidance primarily highlights the responsibilities of investigators and ethics review boards. Currently, there is no published resource that comprehensively addresses bioethical responsibilities of industry sponsors; including their responsibilities to parties who are not research participants, but are, nevertheless key stakeholders in the endeavor. To fill this void, in 2010 Eli Lilly and Company instituted a Bioethics Framework for Human Biomedical Research. This paper describes how the framework was developed and implemented and provides a critique based on four years of experience. A companion article provides the actual document used by Eli Lilly and Company to guide ethical decisions regarding all phases of human clinical trials. While many of the concepts presented in this framework are not novel, compiling them in a manner that articulates the ethical responsibilities of a sponsor is novel. By utilizing this type of bioethics framework, we have been able to develop bioethics positions on various topics, provide research ethics consultations, and integrate bioethics into the daily operations of our human biomedical research. We hope that by sharing these companion papers we will stimulate discussion within and outside the biopharmaceutical industry for the benefit of the multiple parties involved in pharmaceutical human biomedical research. PMID:26325424

  20. God, the Devil, and Darwin - A Critique of Intelligent Design Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shanks, Niall

    2007-03-01

    In the last fifteen years a controversial new theory of the origins of biological complexity and the nature of the universe has been fomenting bitter debates in education and science policy across North America, Europe, and Australia. Backed by intellectuals at respectable universities, Intelligent Design theory (ID) proposes an alternative to accepted accounts of evolutionary theory: that life is so complex, and that the universe is so fine-tuned for the appearance of life, that the only plausible explanation is the existence of an intelligent designer. For many ID theorists, the designer is taken to be the god of Christianity. Niall Shanks has written the first accessible introduction to, and critique of, this controversial new intellectual movement. Shanks locates the growth of ID in the last two decades of the twentieth century in the growing influence of the American religious right. But as he shows, its roots go back beyond Aquinas to Ancient Greece. After looking at the historical roots of ID, Shanks takes a hard look at its intellectual underpinnings, discussing modern understandings of thermodynamics, and how self-organizing processes lead to complex physical, chemical, and biological systems. He considers cosmological arguments for ID rooted in so-called "anthropic coincidences" and also tackles new biochemical arguments for ID based on "irreducible biological complexity." Throughout he shows how arguments for ID lack cohesion, rest on errors and unfounded suppositions, and generally are grossly inferior to evolutionary explanations. While ID has been proposed as a scientific alternative to evolutionary biology, Shanks argues that ID is in fact "old creationist wine in new designer label bottles" and moreover is a serious threat to the scientific and democratic values that are our cultural and intellectual inheritance from the Enlightenment.

  1. ON THE PRIMARY-SYNTHETIC UNITY OF APPERCEPTION IN THE CRITIQUE OF PURE REASON

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IONUŢ ŞTEFAN

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: This research focuses on the primary-synthetic unity of apperception, as it appears in Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason, in a larger framework called transcendental idealism. Descartes’ philosophy may be considered the first step towards transcendental idealism: the first occurrence of the idea of an epistemic subject. The essence of the epistemic subject through the method of systematic doubt is that of being a thinking corpus: I exist because I think. In the System of Transcendental Idealism, Schelling starts with a classical question of Western metaphysics: knowledge means an accord between something that is objective and something that is subjective. From here, the following question arises: what is the conjunction between the objective datum and the subjective one, or how can both of them be put together, so that no contradiction should arise? When the subjective takes priority, we are talking about transcendental philosophy, a philosophy which holds as central to itself the epistemic subject; and starting from it, we can accomplish the accord between subject and object, within knowledge. For all this mechanism described above to work, we need an organon, which is above the mediated knowledge, meaning it is direct. According to Shelling, this instrument is the intellectual insight. Returning to Kant, the transcendental subject depends on perceptiveness; therefore the transcendental subject cannot have intellectual insights. The primary-synthetic unity of apperception belongs to the intellect and includes perceptiveness and the categories. This unity creates an accord between “I think” and “my representations”. “I think” is the essence of the epistemic subject. Representations must be associated with the exterior objects. The subject-object accord, created by Schelling by the means of intellectual insight, is achieved, in Kant’s view, through the unity of apperception.

  2. Brain tumor - primary - adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Vestibular schwannoma (acoustic neuroma) - adults; Meningioma - adults; Cancer - brain tumor (adults) ... Primary brain tumors include any tumor that starts in the brain. Primary brain tumors can start from brain cells, ...

  3. Adult Still's disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    Still's disease - adult; AOSD ... than 1 out of 100,000 people develop adult-onset Still's disease each year. It affects women more often than men. The cause of adult Still's disease is unknown. No risk factors for ...

  4. Monica Michlin and Jean-Paul Rocchi (eds), Black Intersectionalities: A Critique for the 21st Century

    OpenAIRE

    COQUET-MOKOKO, Cécile

    2015-01-01

    This collective work is informed by the project of keeping the political dimension at the core of the theory of intersectionality—a concept coined by Kimberlé Crenshaw in two founding texts, “Demarginalizing the Intersection of Race and Sex” (1989) and “Mapping the Margins” (1991) in which she critiqued the limitations of both feminist and antiracist activists and academics in pushing for equal rights and fair representation for Black women across racial, class, and gender lines. As Crenshaw ...

  5. [Re]Forming Public Space: A Critique of Hong Kong’s Park Governance through Architectural Intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jason Carlow

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper’s point of departure is a critique of the Hong Kong government’s somewhat rigid approach to regulating the public spaces of its parks. As an antidote to a rule-bound and somewhat restrictive set of policies, four groups of architecture students at the University of Hong Kong have designed various interventions for a public park in Hong Kong. The projects, entitled Pixel Wall, Fence Off, Border Mender, and Rocky present alternative ways of activating public space through architectural design.

  6. A Critique of Cross-Linguistic Influence on Word Search In Tip-of-the-Tongue States

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JI Xiao-tong

    2015-01-01

    This critique gives a brief summary of Cross-Linguistic Influence on Word Search in Tip-of-the-Tongue States and ana⁃lyzes its strengths and weaknesses from theoretical and methodological perspectives. Apart from critically reviewing the article, this paper draws inspiration from it with respect to mental lexicon, and proposes that this article can be a research model for studies of L2 influence on the retrieval of L1 in tip-of-the-tongue states in relation to cross-linguistic influence.

  7. Inclusive Education for Children with Special Education Needs:A Critique of Policy and Practice in New Zealand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Garry Hornby

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This article considers the issue of inclusive education for children with disabilities and special educational needs, in particular with regard to policies and practices in developed countries, such as New Zealand. The article reviews the debate about inclusive education and outlines several confusions about inclusion that have emerged from this debate. It then provides a critique of policies and practices regarding inclusive education in New Zealand, in comparison to those in other developed countries, such as the USA and England. Finally, implications of the issues discussed for developing countries, such as those in the Asia-'‐Pacific region, are outlined.

  8. May the blessed man win: a critique of the categorical preference for natural talent over doping as proper origins of athletic ability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonte, Pieter; Sterckx, Sigrid; Pennings, Guido

    2014-08-01

    Doping scandals can reveal unresolved tensions between the meritocratic values of equal opportunity + reward for effort and the "talentocratic" love of hereditary privilege. Whence this special reverence for talent? We analyze the following arguments: (1) talent is a unique indicator of greater potential, whereas doping enables only temporary boosts (the fluke critique); (2) developing a talent is an authentic endeavor of "becoming who you are," whereas reforming the fundamentals of your birth suit via artifice is an act of alienation (the phony critique); (3) your (lack of) talent informs you of your proper place and purpose in life, whereas doping frustrates such an amor fati self-understanding (the fateless critique). We conclude that these arguments fail to justify a categorical preference for natural talent over integrated artifice. Instead, they illustrate the extent to which unsavory beliefs about "nature's aristocracy" may still be at play in the moral theatre of sports. PMID:24997251

  9. Gérer une revue de presse

    CERN Document Server

    Chartier, Lise

    2005-01-01

    Cet ouvrage approfondit les notions telles que la collecte des nouvelles, le droit d'auteur, l'évaluation des besoins; il s'intéresse aux contenus, formats et fournisseurs; il explore les outils de consultation, d'évaluation et de recherche; il propose des modèles de budget, de profils d'intérêts et d'appels de propositions.

  10. The role of hope in psychotherapy with older adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergin, L; Walsh, S

    2005-01-01

    The positive impact of psychotherapy upon the mental health problems of older people is increasingly accepted. However little attention has been paid to the role of hope in working therapeutically with older adults. Three relevant bodies of literature, namely adult psychotherapy, hope in older adulthood, and coping with chronic and terminal illness, provide a starting point for examining the therapeutic uses of hope. However, it is argued that these literatures cannot provide a sufficiently comprehensive conceptualisation of hope in psychotherapy with elders. Firstly, it is considered that hope in therapy is directly affected by key experiences of ageing, namely: facing physical and/or cognitive deterioration and facing death. Also, these three bodies of literature have tended to dichotomise hope as either beneficial and adaptive or dysfunctional and maladaptive. A developmental perspective is used to critique this dichotomy and a clinical framework is provided which examines the role and utility of hope in older adult psychotherapy from a more integrated viewpoint embedded in the client's life history. The framework is comprised of three types of 'hope work': 'facilitating realistic hope,' 'the work of despair' and 'surviving not thriving'. Suggestions are made about how this work may be carried out and with whom.

  11. Georg Simmel, une interprétation critique de la notion kantienne du bonheur.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annette Disselkamp

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Dans un texte relativement peu connu, intitulé Kant, Georg Simmel développe des réflexions critiques à propos de la notion kantienne du bonheur. En comparant celles-ci avec son analyse de la société moderne, telle qu’il la propose dans la Philosophie de l’argent, on s’aperçoit qu’il existe, entre les concepts philosophiques qui y sont mis en œuvre, une relation de correspondance parfaite. La conclusion s’impose que, pour Simmel, la notion kantienne du bonheur trouve comme son incarnation historique dans la culture monétaire. La modernité, que Simmel caractérise par le fait qu’elle offre aux individus la possibilité d’accéder aux objets et aux positions de leur choix, matérialise en effet une aporie inhérente au concept du bonheur chez Kant, dans la mesure où ce dernier souligne l’indétermination totale des choix, d’un côté, et de l’autre, l’idée que c’est hors de la volonté elle-même que la recherche du bonheur puise ses mobiles.In his relatively unknown text Kant, Georg Simmel develops some critical thoughts concerning Kant’s notion of happiness. The comparison between this text and his analysis of modern society, especially in his work Philosophy of Money, reveals that there exists a perfect correspondence between the philosophical concepts used in the two books. This leads us to conclude that, in Simmel’s eyes, monetary culture represents some kind of historical embodiment of the Kantian notion of happiness. Modernity, which offers all individuals the possibility of acquiring any objects or positions they choose, materialises an aporia inherent in Kant’s concept of happiness, consisting in the fact that, on the one hand, our choices are totally undetermined, and, on the other hand, the search for happiness is motivated by impulsions that lie outside of our will.

  12. Environmental indifference? A critique of environmentally deterministic theories of peatland archaeological site construction in Ireland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plunkett, G.; McDermott, C.; Swindles, G. T.; Brown, D. M.

    2013-02-01

    Climate change, whether gradual or sudden, has frequently been invoked as a causal factor to explain many aspects of cultural change during the prehistoric and early historic periods. Critiquing such theories has often proven difficult, not least because of the imprecise dating of many aspects of the palaeoclimate or archaeological records and the difficulties of merging the two strands of research. Here we consider one example of the archaeological record - peatland site construction in Ireland - which has previously been interpreted in terms of social response to climate change and examine whether close scrutiny of the archaeological and palaeoenvironmental records upholds the climatically deterministic hypotheses. We evaluate evidence for phasing in the temporal distribution of trackways and related sites in Irish peatlands, of which more than 3500 examples have been recorded, through the examination of ˜350 dendrochronological and 14C dates from these structures. The role of climate change in influencing when such sites were constructed is assessed by comparing visually and statistically the frequency of sites over the last 4500 years with well-dated, multiproxy climate reconstructions from Irish peatlands. We demonstrate that national patterns of “peatland activity” exist that indicate that the construction of sites in bogs was neither a constant nor random phenomenon. Phases of activity (i.e. periods in which the number of structures increased), as well as the ‘lulls’ that separate them, show no consistent correlation with periods of wetter or drier conditions on the bogs, suggesting that the impetus for the start or cessation of such activity was not climatically-determined. We propose that trigger(s) for peatland site construction in Ireland must instead also be sought within the wider, contemporary social background. Perhaps not surprisingly, a comparison with archaeological and palynological evidence shows that peatland activity tends to occur at

  13. Prise en charge de l’infection gonococcique chez les adultes et les jeunes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pogany, Lisa; Romanowski, Barbara; Robinson, Joan; Gale-Rowe, Margaret; Latham-Carmanico, Cathy; Weir, Christine; Wong, Tom

    2015-01-01

    Résumé Objectif Présenter des recommandations sur la prise en charge de l’infection gonococcique chez les adultes et les jeunes. Qualité des données Les recommandations thérapeutiques des lignes directrices canadiennes sur les infections transmissibles sexuellement reposent sur une recherche documentaire de même que sur des catégories de recommandations et des niveaux de qualité de données déterminés par au moins 2 évaluateurs. Les recommandations ont été revues par des pairs et sont en instance d’approbation par le groupe de travail d’experts. Message principal Les nouvelles recommandations portant sur la prise en charge de l’infection gonococcique chez les adultes et les jeunes préconisent les cultures à titre d’outil diagnostique lorsqu’elles sont pratiques, le traitement par antibiothérapie combinée (ceftriaxone associée à l’azithromycine) et le signalement sans délai de tous les cas dont le traitement a échoué aux autorités de santé publique. Conclusion Si elles sont suivies, ces nouvelles recommandations pourraient réduire l’échec thérapeutique, contribuer à une surveillance plus étroite des tendances à la résistance de Neisseria gonorrhoeae aux antibiotiques et contribuer à prévenir la transmission de gonorrhée résistante à plusieurs médicaments.

  14. The Use of the State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-II With Forensic Populations: A Psychometric Critique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schamborg, Sara; Tully, Ruth J; Browne, Kevin D

    2016-08-01

    The State-Trait Anger Expression Inventory-II (STAXI-II) is a psychometric assessment that measures the experience, expression, and control of anger in research and clinical settings. Although the STAXI-II is extensively used and its psychometric properties supported, no psychometric critique has yet specifically assessed its utility with forensic populations. The aim of this critique was to explore the validity and reliability of the STAXI-II when used with forensic samples. It was found that the psychometric properties of the STAXI-II, when used with forensic populations, are satisfactory. However, gaps in research and issues that need to be addressed in practice have been highlighted. Although STAXI-II provides a comprehensive measure of anger, it does not capture all aspects of the construct. In addition, the tool does not contain an inherent validity scale, indicating the need to control for social desirability responding when administering the STAXI-II. Practical implications, limitations, and future research will be discussed. PMID:25899599

  15. Crítica moral de Francis Bacon a la filosofía Francis Bacon's moral critique to philosophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maximiliano Prada Dussán

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Este escrito muestra la crítica moral de Bacon a la filosofía, presente en sus obras de juventud, la cual es desarrollada en tres niveles: primero, los cargos a la filosofía por su inutilidad, segundo, las acusaciones a la falta de verdad y de método y, finalmente, la denuncia de falta de caridad y humildad. En conclusión, este estudio intentará sustentar que 1. La reforma baconiana no se restringe a un nuevo método ni a una nueva teoría de la materia; más allá de esto, encuentra un sustento en una nueva posición moral del hombre frente a la naturaleza, y 2. Que su proyecto epistemológico encuentra sentido en el trasfondo moral.This paper is about Bacon's moral critique to philosophy. This critique is present in his youth work and it is developed in three levels: first, charges against philosophy because of its uselessness; second, accusations against philosophy's lack of truth and method; and, finally, charges against philosophy's lack of charity and humility. Briefly, this study will state and support two hypotheses. 1. Bacon´s reform is not restricted to a new method neither a new theory of matter; beyond this; it is a new moral position about man in relation to nature. 2. His epistemological project makes sense in the moral background.

  16. Problems of normative strenght and critique within the concept of agonistic participation: Towards the complementarity of agonistic and participatory democracy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Đorđević Biljana

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article I argue that there are grounds for considering agonistic democracy and participatory democracy complementarity in order to institutionalize agonism which has thus far lacked an elaborate articulation of its institutional dimension. The two democratic theories share a commitment toward widening the scope of the political as a way of inclusion of citizens and their subsequent political subjectivation and empowerment. Furthermore, there are authors on both sides who think democracy does not need foundations. Agonistic participation and contestation, on the one hand, and the broadening and strengthening of various sectors of political participation, on the other, both open up new possibilities for critique and change, but also create new risks. Building on a redefinition of agonisitic participation, I aim to attenuate an objection that agonism is normatively weak in terms of lacking resources to motivate citizens and justify their critique of practices of domination and oppression. The article concludes that we need to embrace agonistic participation as a means towards the development of democratic political judgement, as there are no other guarantees, i.e. secure foundations, for our ability to distinguish between democratic and non-democratic agon. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 47026: Konstitucionalizam i vladavina prava u izgradnji nacionalne države - slučaj Srbije

  17. Depression in Older Adults

    OpenAIRE

    Fiske, Amy; Wetherell, Julie Loebach; Gatz, Margaret

    2009-01-01

    Depression is less prevalent among older adults than among younger adults but can have serious consequences. Over half of cases represent a first onset in later life. Although suicide rates in the elderly are declining, they are still higher than in younger adults and more closely associated with depression. Depressed older adults are less likely to endorse affective symptoms and more likely to display cognitive changes, somatic symptoms, and loss of interest than are younger adults. Risk fac...

  18. Adult Cancers in Adolescents and Young Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laurence, Valérie; Marples, Maria; Stark, Daniel P

    2016-01-01

    The pattern of cancer seen in young people changes with increasing age, transitioning from childhood- to adult-type cancer in adolescence and the third decade. The risk factors, presentation and biology of cancer in young adults differ from those in the older adult population. Factors of particular significance in adolescents and young adults (AYAs) include genetic predisposition to adult-type cancer, diagnostic uncertainty, long-term morbidity and considerations of fertility. New systemic therapies are being introduced that can prolong life and even increase the chance of cure, but the impact on AYAs is uncertain, as these patients are often under-represented in clinical trials. Here, we discuss the management of AYAs with 3 of the most common cancers affecting adults, when they emerge in the AYA populations, and therefore are currently met by medical oncologists - breast cancer, colorectal cancer and melanoma. PMID:27595357

  19. A Critique of What is the Logical Problem of Foreign Language Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Xueqin

    2009-01-01

    The logical problem of foreign language learning has long been a very controversial Topic. Bley-Vroman claims that L2 acquistion is very different from L1acquisition in his paper 'What is the logical problem of foreign language learning'. This paper views differently from his points about the role of native language,negative evidence and domain-specific cognitive facility.He emphasizes the facilitative role of the native language and ignoring the negative role of it.He views that negative evidence plays no role in child language acquisition.The author argues that sometimes children need indirect negative evidence to help their language acquisition.Finally,the author argues that the difference between adult and child language learning is not because ofthat the lack of domain specific acquisition system in adults.The influencing factors are various.

  20. The Critical Humanisms of Dorothy Dinnerstein and Immanuel Kant Employed for Responding to Gender Bias: A Study, and an Exercise, in Radical Critique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bynum, Gregory Lewis

    2011-01-01

    Two humanist, critical approaches--those of Dorothy Dinnerstein and Immanuel Kant--are summarized, compared, and employed to critique gender bias in science education. The value of Dinnerstein's approach lies in her way of seeing conventional "masculinity" and conventional "femininity" as developing in relation to each other from early childhood.…

  1. Creation of the new Open Access journal: "Library and Information Science Critique: Journal of the Sciences of Information Recorded in Documents"

    OpenAIRE

    Muela-Meza, Zapopan Martín; Torres-Reyes, José Antonio

    2008-01-01

    This document explains the creation of the new Open Access journal: "Library and Information Science Critique: Journal of the Sciences of Information Recorded in Documents," and it also include guidelines for authors' contributions. The journal has been created at the Research Centre in Information Recorded in Documents at the School of Philosophy and Letters at the Nuevo Leon Autonomous University, Monterrey, Nuevo Leon, Mexico.

  2. Quality, Evolution, and Positional Change of University Students' Argumentation Patterns about Organic Agriculture during an Argument-Critique-Argument Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Shu-Mey; Yore, Larry D.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the quality, evolution, and position of university students' argumentation about organic agriculture over a 4-week argument-critique-argument e-learning experience embedded in a first year university biology course. The participants (N = 43) were classified into three groups based on their…

  3. A "Fear" Studies Perspective and Critique: Analyzing English and Stengel's Progressive Study of Fear and Learning in "Education Theory." Technical Paper No. 37

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fisher, R. Michael

    2011-01-01

    The author critiques the progressive approach of two contemporary educational philosophers (English and Stengel) on the topic of fear and learning. Using a postmodern integral approach, this article examines the tendency of reductionism, individualism, and psychologism as part of a hegemonic liberalism and modernism in discourses on fear and…

  4. Race and Class in Britain: A Critique of the Statistical Basis for Critical Race Theory in Britain: And Some Political Implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Dave

    2009-01-01

    In this paper, the author critiques what he analyses as the misuse of statistics in arguments put forward by some Critical Race Theorists in Britain showing that "Race" "trumps" Class in terms of underachievement at 16+ exams in England and Wales. At a theoretical level, using Marxist work the author argues for a notion of "raced" and gendered…

  5. Labour Subjectivities for the New World of Work: A Critique of Government Policy on the Integration of Entrepreneurialism in the University Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Philippa

    2015-01-01

    International debates on the aims and purposes of entrepreneurship education in universities are examined in this paper through the prism of a policy critique of recent English higher education initiatives. The Department of Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS) policy to integrate rather than "add on" enterprise education throughout…

  6. A Critical Theory of Dialogue: A Review and Critique of Habermas' Theory of Universal Pragmatics and Implications for Theories of Decision Making and Negotiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savage, Grant T.

    Intended for researchers and teachers of the small group process, decision making, and negotiation, this paper offers a review and critique of J. Habermas's theory of universal pragmatics. The first section of this paper retraces Habermas's theory, which seeks to free social action from false consciousness (that is, political ideologies) that…

  7. A Critique of the Capacity of Strauss Grounded Theory for Prediction, Change, and Control in Organisational Strategy via a Grounded Theorisation of Leisure and Cultural Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakir, Ali; Bakir, Vian

    2006-01-01

    In this paper we critique grounded theory's ability to fulfil its aim of offering a practical vehicle for prediction, change, and control as stipulated in grounded theory's original formulation by Glaser and Strauss, and later developed by Strauss. We do this through a case study approach, whereby we develop a grounded theory of leisure and…

  8. LE FRANÇAIS DANS LA PRESSE ECRITE DU NORD-CAMEROUN : DIAGNOSTIC, CRITIQUES ET ORIENTATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moïse MBEY MAKANG

    2013-11-01

    çais hexagonal, elle jette ensuite un regard critique et propose des solutions dans l’optique de la régulation de la formation du langage de la presse écrite. L’hypothèse de départ postule que les mobiles ci-dessus énumérés sont les causes de la mauvaise pratique linguistique de la presse écrite du Nord-Cameroun. Ceci dit, le raisonnement se construit par une approche descriptive et contrastive du français et prend en compte un foisonnement de sources (articles, ouvrages, thèses, documentaires, mémoires, etc..

  9. A Review of Approaches for the Design of Li-Ion BMS Estimation Functions Revue de différentes approches pour l’estimation de l’état de charge de batteries Li-ion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Di Domenico D.

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims at comparing different approaches for the estimation of the state of charge of lithium-ion batteries. The main advantages as well as the critical points of the considered techniques are analyzed, highlighting the impact of the cell model precision and complexity on the estimator performance. Among others, the electrical equivalent circuit based technique is selected for further development. The results of a complete procedure from the cell characterization to the online estimation are illustrated. The experimental tests based on the data collected on batteries testing facilities of IFP Energies nouvelles show that the proposed strategy allows a satisfying state of charge real time estimation. Cet article vise à comparer différentes approches pour l’estimation de l’état de charge pour les batteries Li-ion. Les principaux avantages ainsi que les points critiques des différentes techniques sont analysés, en soulignant l’impact de la complexité et de la précision du modèle sur les performances de l’estimateur. La procédure complète, allant de la caractérisation de la cellule jusqu’à l’estimation en ligne de l’état de charge, est présentée pour la modélisation par circuit électrique équivalent. Les tests expérimentaux sur la base des données acquises au laboratoire batteries d’IFP Energies nouvelles montrent que cette stratégie permet d’obtenir un estimateur en temps réel de l’état de charge présentant de bonnes performances.

  10. Older Adults and Depression

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Older Adults and Depression Share Older Adults and Depression Download PDF Download ePub Download Mobi Order a ... If so, you may have depression. What is depression? Everyone feels down or sad sometimes, but these ...

  11. Bathroom safety - adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000021.htm Bathroom safety - adults To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Older adult bathroom safety What to consider at home Staying safe ...

  12. The Primacy of Cognition or of Perception? A Phenomenological Critique of the Theoretical Bases of Science Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dahlin, Bo

    This paper is a phenomenological critique of a particular trend in educational research and practice, which is identified as cognitivism. The basic feature of this trend is a one-sided and exclusive focus on conceptual cognition and concept formation, with a simultaneous neglect of sense experience. It is argued that this kind of thinking is the result of the reception by education of epistemological theories, which have an objective alien to that of education, which is the all-round development of human personality. The discussion draws mainly upon the philosophies of Dewey, Husserl and Merleau-Ponty. It is argued that present, mainstream theories of science education need to be complemented with phenomenological perspectives. This would make the transition from immediate life world experience to the idealizations of scientific theories less difficult for students. It would also contribute towards less alienation between man and nature.

  13. L’APPORT DE LA SOCIOLOGIE PRAGMATIQUE FRANÇAISE AUX ÉTUDES CRITIQUES EN MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin Taupin

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available French pragmatic sociology (PS, inspired by the work of Luc Boltanski and Laurent Thévenot, is being increasingly used by organizational management studies. However, the critical dimension of this approach has not yet been integrated for the benefit of knowledge in management and organizations (MOK. In this article, we elaborate on the contribution that PS can represent for critical management studies (CMS. As a ‘science of the players’ science’ [science de la science des acteurs], we suggest that PS is fertile for the development of a critical performativity. In particular, we demonstrate that the approach allows shedding light on the new and more complex forms of domination exerted in contemporary organizations. Using empirical studies of organizations employing PS, we demonstrate how the concepts of compromise and test developed by this approach offer tools that allow renewing the critique of organizations for the benefit of MOK.

  14. Comment on the critique of the paper 'ERP and management accounting changes of industrial enterprises in Serbia'

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malinić Slobodan

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the paper 'ERP and Management Accounting Changes of Industrial Enterprises in Serbia' was to investigate one specific aspect of management accounting, precisely the changes of management accounting under the influence of modern information technologies. Therefore, our aim was neither to criticize nor to promote SAP (or some other ERP software. SAP is one of the best, most popular and most widely accepted ERP software in Serbia. That was the main reason for choosing SAP for our research. The main objective of this Comment is an attempt to point out the differences in expressed opinions, which are mainly the result of different ideas and aspects of the analysis and points of view of our paper. We consider the mentioned critique to be well-intentioned and useful, primarily for the authors of the paper, but also for the users of the results of our paper, as well as the reputation of the journal Industrija.

  15. La banlieue dans l’imaginaire québécois. Problèmes originels et avenir critique

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Laforest

    2013-01-01

    La banlieue est l’objet d’une visibilité accrue dans l’imaginaire littéraire du Québec contemporain. Rien n’indique cependant qu’elle ait dépassé le stade de la caricature ou de la critique unidimensionnelle. Face à cela cet article formule deux hypothèses. La première est qu’il y a une ville consensuelle dans les imaginaires du Québec moderne, et que cette ville repose sur la suppression de l’historicité des formes périurbaines. La seconde est que la réhabilitation de cette historicité dégag...

  16. Honneth Axel, La réification. Petit traité de Théorie critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Marquis

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Le dernier ouvrage d’Honneth est ambitieux et annonce, comme son titre l’indique, un traité de théorie critique, aussi petit soit-il. On le sait, la volonté d’Honneth est de procéder à une réactualisation de l’héritage laissé par les générations successives qui ont fait et font encore l’École de Francfort. Prenant acte d’un décalage de contexte entre les époques de Lukacs, d’Adorno, d’Horkheimer et de Marcuse, pour ne citer qu’eux, et la nôtre, Honneth redouble d’efforts ces derniers temps po...

  17. Post-operaist readings of Marxian ‘Fragment on Machines” in the light of their critiques.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krystian Szadkowski

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Text undertakes a much needed contextual and critical reading of Marxian„Fragment on Machines” from the Grundrisse. The crucial thesis states that despitethe seeming crisis of the post-operaist Marxism, theoretical intuitions formulatedby thinkers like Negri, Virno, Vercellone are still valid. Three various but interrelatedtypes of post-operaist reading are presented here in detail to support theargument: the political, the philosophical and the historico-economical. In thelast part of the paper they are confronted with three main lines of critique of thepost-operaist readings: the philological, the political-economic and the „political”.Through such a confrontation some of the arguments are refuted and reevaluated.

  18. La critique de l’historicisme par Jacob Burckhardt : genèse et validité

    OpenAIRE

    Boehm, Gottfried

    2011-01-01

    Un siècle après sa mort Jacob Burckhardt, auteur de la Civilisation de la Renaissance en Italie, continue à susciter des critiques chez les historiens peu disposés à apprécier le principe de la jouissance esthétique. La distance qu’il observe par rapport à l’objectivisme historique ne l’a pas empêché de travailler sur la base de sources érudites et d’esquisser des perspectives dont pourrait se réclamer l’histoire sociale. Pourtant la méthode de Burckhardt se dévoile surtout dans sa manière d’...

  19. Écriture réflexive et réflexion critique dans l’exercice du compte rendu

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serge Bibauw

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Cet article vise à interroger les pratiques d’écriture réflexive encadrée (imposée et évaluée dans le cadre de la formation générale d’étudiants. Par l’analyse d’un dispositif de portfolio électronique pour lequel des étudiants de première année d’université doivent réaliser des comptes rendus d’activités extraacadémiques, nous cherchons à étudier quel a été leur mise en œuvre et leur perception des exercices appelant à la rédaction critique et à l’écriture réflexive. Les résultats des enquêtes tendent à faire apparaitre un certain nombre de limites de la portée de l’écriture réflexive, lorsqu’elle est normativement encadrée, imposée et évaluée. Le compte rendu réflexif montre néanmoins une valeur non négligeable pour l’exploitation approfondie et critique d’activités réalisées hors du cadre de formation.This paper addresses the issue of, supervised reflective writing in students’ general education. Through analyzing an electronic portfolio device where first year college students have to write reflective reports on extracurricular activities, we study how they carried out and perceived reflective and critical writing. Results tend to show some limits in reflective writing, when it is strictly supervised, compulsory and assessed. Nonetheless, the reflective report retains a significant value when fostering critical and in-depth use of student activities performed out of formal settings.

  20. The Adult Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belsky, Janet

    The 14 chapters of this textbook chronicle adult development from youth through old age, emphasizing both research and interviews with adults at various stages in their lives. Topics covered include the following: (1) the academic field of adult development; (2) theories and research methods; (3) aging and disease prevention; (4) sexuality and…

  1. Dimensions of Adult Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foley, Griff, Ed.

    2004-01-01

    This broad introduction to adult and postcompulsory education offers an overview of the field for students, adult educators and workplace trainers. The book establishes an analytical framework to emphasize the nature of learning and agency of learners; examines the core knowledge and skills that adult educators need; discusses policy, research and…

  2. Sexuality in Older Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    MENU Return to Web version Sexuality in Older Adults Sexuality in Older Adults What are the benefits of a healthy sex life for older adults? Sex is ... concerns, and acknowledge new relationships with respect. Bibliography Sexuality in Later Life by National Institute on Aging ( ...

  3. Adult Survival Skills Assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walsko, Gregory M.

    The purpose of this instrument is to supplement data from the Adult Basic Learning Examination in assessing the functional level of adults in daily situations. It may also be used as a teaching tool for adults requesting tutoring in specific concepts and skills presented in the instrument. This instrument is an informal assessment instrument and…

  4. Adults Learning for Development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rogers, Alan

    This book, drawing on 30 years of adult education experience in England, Ireland, India, and other countries, contrasts the individualistic approach to adult education in the West with the social responsibility view of adult education in the developing world. The book's thesis is that the gulf between the approach of the West and that of…

  5. Adult Education in Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miser, Rifat; Ural, Ozana; Ünlühisarýklý, Özlem

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates the situation and practices of adult education in Turkey in terms of (a) participants, (b) providers, and (c) program areas. The data were derived from published statistical data and one-to-one interaction with adult education providers when such data are unavailable. Turkey has a long tradition of adult education with…

  6. Adults Role in Bullying

    Science.gov (United States)

    Notar, Charles E.; Padgett, Sharon

    2013-01-01

    Do adults play a role in bullying? Do parents, teachers, school staff, and community adult leaders influence bullying behavior in children and teenagers? This article will focus on research regarding all adults who have almost daily contact with children and teens and their part in how bullying is identified, addressed, and prevented. This article…

  7. Obsessive Compulsive Disorder among Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Children Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Eating Disorders Among Adults - Anorexia Nervosa Eating Disorders Among Adults - Binge Eating Disorder Eating ... Children Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) Eating Disorders Among Adults - Anorexia Nervosa Eating Disorders Among Adults - Binge Eating Disorder Eating ...

  8. Penser à la limite : pour une lecture critique de Jacques Rancière

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Seurat

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available L’article se propose, à partir d’une lecture de l’esthétique de Jacques Rancière, d’étudier la façon dont on peut exploiter celle-ci dans le champ de l’histoire littéraire. L’originalité de Rancière vient notamment de ce que, prenant acte des contradictions actuelles qui pèsent sur la notion de postmoderne et, du même coup, sur celle de moderne, il insiste sur la césure de la Révolution esthétique et propose une lecture discontinuiste de l’histoire des arts. Mais poser une discontinuité très forte au seuil de l’âge esthétique peut conduire à réintroduire du continu à d’autres niveaux. Il est donc nécessaire de voir en quoi Rancière, en confrontant la littérature à son existence historique, oblige l’interprétation historique à faire face à ses conditions littéraires d’existence : la constitution même de l’objet historique se voit ainsi problématisée. La pensée rancièrienne nous invite à nous placer à la limite, à privilégier le dissensus, la disjonction, sur la réduction consensuelle des problèmes, et du même coup à interroger toute notre approche critique.The article explores a way to appropriate Jacques Rancière’s aesthetics in the field of literary history. A part of Rancière’s originality comes from the fact that, bearing in mind the contradictions that undermine the notion of the post-modern as well as that of the modern, he insists upon the break provoked by the Aesthetic Revolution, and proposes a discontinuous reading of the history of the arts. But postulating such a discontinuity at the beginning of the Aesthetic Age can lead to a reintroduction of continuity at other levels. It is therefore necessary to see how, by confronting literature with its historical existence, Rancière forces historical interpretation in turn to face its literary conditions of existence: thus, the constitution of the historical object itself becomes a problem. Rancière’s thought invites

  9. A critique and comparison of two scales from fifteen years of studying compulsive buying.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manolis, Chris; Roberts, James A; Kashyap, Vishal

    2008-02-01

    Compulsive buying is an important construct in marketing that has far-reaching personal and social implications. The profile of the adult compulsive buyer in the literature is based largely on the 1992 Faber and O'Guinn Compulsive Buying Scale. A second compulsive buying scale by Edwards has also been used but sparingly. Empirical research conducted over that past 15 years with these two scales shows that, although both scales were designed to measure compulsive buying, the two appear to be different operationalizations of the construct. The present review raises several psychometric issues about both scales. Their robustness is crucial to a clear understanding of the antecedents and consequences of compulsive buying. Directions for research are added.

  10. A review and critique of assessment instruments for patients with persistent pain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen Grimmer-Somers

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Karen Grimmer-Somers1, Nic Vipond2, Saravana Kumar1, Gillian Hall21Centre for Allied Health Evidence, University of South Australia, Australia; 2Accident Compensation Corporation, Wellington, New Zealand Background: Early identification of individuals at risk of developing persistent pain is important to decrease unnecessary treatment costs and disability. However there is scant comprehensive information readily available to assist clinicians to choose appropriate assessment instruments with sound psychometric and clinical properties.Objective: A national insurer commissioned the development of a compendium of assessment instruments to identify adults with, or at-risk of developing, persistent pain. This paper reports on the instrument identification and review process.Methods: A comprehensive systematic literature review was undertaken of assessment instruments for persistent pain of noncancer origin, and their developmental literature. Only assessment instruments which were developed for patients with pain, or tested on them, were included. A purpose-built ‘Ready Reckoner’ scored psychometric properties and clinical utility.Results: One hundred sixteen potentially useful instruments were identified, measuring severity, psychological, functional and/or quality of life constructs of persistent pain. Forty-five instruments were short-listed, with convincing psychometric properties and clinical utility. There were no standard tests for psychometric properties, and considerable overlap of instrument purpose, item construct, wording, and scoring.Conclusion: No one assessment instrument captured all the constructs of persistent pain. While the compendium focuses clinicians’ choices, multiple instruments are required for comprehensive assessment of adults with persistent pain.Keywords: persistent pain, assessment, psychometric properties, evidence-base, clinical utility

  11. Adult attachment styles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maša Žvelc

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Theory of attachment primarily described early relationships between a child and his caretakers. In the last twenty years there is a growing interest in adult attachment research. Theories and research findings of adult attachment stem from two different methodological approaches. The first approach measures adult attachment through Adult Attachment Interview (AAI; Main, 1991 where the attachment is assessed through the narratives of adult people of their early child experiences with their primary caretakers. The second approach measures adult attachment with the help of self-evaluative questionnaires, developed by (a Hazan and Shaver (1987 who started this approach in the field of personality and social psychology, and (b Bartholomew and Horowitz (1991. Research shows that there is significant correlation between early and adult attachment style. Attachment styles are passed from generation to generation. Basic adult attachment styles are: securely attached, preoccupied, fearful-avoidant, dismissing-avoidant and disorganized. Previous research using Barholomew and Horowitz (1991 Relationship Questionnaire on 176 Slovenian students showed that 48% students are securely attached, 29% are fearful-avoidant, 10% are dismissing-avoidant, and 13% have preoccupied attachment style. Theory of attachment is very useful for understanding the behavior and subjective experiences of children and adults. It is applicable to different contexts (psychotherapy, counseling, education .... The paper proposes further research focused on integration of adult attachment styles and types of object relations measured by Test of object relations (Žvelc, 1998 and Pictorial test of Separation and Individuation (Žvelc, 2003.

  12. Quand la force enfonce des portes ouvertes. Analyse du traitement de Star Wars Episode VII par la critique professionnelle et amateure.

    OpenAIRE

    Krywicki, Boris

    2016-01-01

    On a rarement aperçu des phénomènes cinématographiques de l’ampleur de Star Wars. La plupart des séances étaient déjà complètes plusieurs semaines avant la sortie du dernier épisode. Les spectateurs sont tous conquis en amont par ce messie monolithique. Quand il s'agit d'aborder un film-événement comme Star Wars, la critique de cinéma se cherche. Les timides tentatives de la rigide presse professionnelle qui hésite toujours à critiquer les productions hollywoodiennes font face à des vidéos de...

  13. Adult congenital heart disease

    OpenAIRE

    Morphet, John AM

    2006-01-01

    One million people over the age of 20 suffer from congenital heart disease in the United States. These adult patients can slip through the cracks of our medical system; many are too old to be cared for in most pediatric institutions by pediatric cardiologists and, unfortunately, most adult cardiologists are not trained in congenital heart disease. Therefore, it is important to identify the common lesions in adult congenital heart disease and how they should be managed. Acyanotic congenital he...

  14. Culture And Adult Immigrants

    OpenAIRE

    Andersen, Tamar Barbara; Fogde, Anne-Sofie; Rasmussen, Ditte Ninna; Uski, Juha Janne Olavi

    2005-01-01

    "Culture and adult immigrants" is a project about integration of adult immigrants into the Danish society. It is based on an integration theory by Charlotte Hamburger and a culture theory by Thomas Hylland Eriksen and Torunn Arntsen Sørheim. The two theories conclude in a joined analysis of language school material from the language centre of Roskilde, in search for an answer to the question if and how the Danish language education supports the integration of adult immigrants into the D...

  15. La téléologie critique et ses paradigmes scientifiques. Sur la méthode de l’Histoire selon Kant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gérard Raulet

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Les textes de Kant sur l’histoire sont souvent traités comme secondaires par les philosophes qui travaillent sur les systèmes de pensée, tandis que certains interprètes les qualifient de « quatrième critique ». La thèse défendue ici est que l’intervention de la critique kantienne dans le champ des pratiques et des réflexions historiques constitue un tournant décisif. Au moment où l’idée de progrès s’affirme contre les deux paradigmes dominants de l’histoire locale et de la théodicée chrétienne, était nécessaire un traitement critique de la notion même de progrès qui soit à la hauteur du défi scientifique : établir la légitimité d’une science historique, pour autant qu’elle soit possible. Trois modèles de sciences constituent l’horizon de scientificité que l’histoire doit viser même si elle ne doit jamais l’atteindre : l’astronomie, la physique et la biologie. La téléologie est au cœur de cette entreprise, elle en est l’instrument. Elle est au cœur de l’entreprise parce qu’elle est par ailleurs aussi la science de la vie interne des organismes. C’est donc à partir de la téléologie, de l’opposition entre son usage « dogmatique » dans les sciences naturelles, « critique » dans la science historique, que nous entreprenons ici de cerner la question de la « science de l’histoire » chez Kant.

  16. May the blessed Man win: a critique of the categorical preference for natural talent over doping as proper origins of athletic ability

    OpenAIRE

    Bonte, Pieter; Pennings, Guido; Sterckx, Sigrid

    2014-01-01

    Doping scandals can reveal unresolved tensions between the meritocratic values of equal opportunity + reward for effort and the "talentocratic" love of hereditary privilege. Whence this special reverence for talent? We analyze the following arguments: (1) talent is a unique indicator of greater potential, whereas doping enables only temporary boosts (the fluke critique); (2) developing a talent is an authentic endeavor of "becoming who you are,"whereas reforming the fundamentals of your birth...

  17. Sociologie du travail et critique du temps industriel The Sociology of Labor and a critical vision of industrial Time

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jens Thoemmes

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available La sociologie du travail a développé un point de vue particulier sur l'analyse des temporalités sociales. L'objectif de cet article est de montrer l'élaboration progressive d'une critique d'un temps industriel unique et unifiant. Cette critique s'appuie sur trois éléments : la multiplicité des temporalités de l’activité professionnelle, le caractère déstructurant du travail industriel et l'émergence d'un temps des loisirs. Ce point de vue a été élaboré par la sociologie du travail en France après 1945, notamment par Georges Friedmann, Pierre Naville et William Grossin.  Avant d’aborder cette période nous voudrions  interroger le moment de la fondation de la sociologie. En mobilisant des travaux peu connus de Max Weber sur le travail, nous verrons en quoi il est un précurseur de l’analyse des attitudes diversifiées des individus et des collectifs à l’égard du temps. Cette perspective lie, dès les premières enquêtes sociologiques, le travail industriel à une interrogation sur les temporalités.The sociology of work and labor developed a particular viewpoint on the analysis of social times. The objective of this article is to show how a criticism of a unique and unifying industrial time progressively grew up. Such criticism leans on three elements: the multiplicity of social times linked to the occupational activity, the disintegrating nature of work in the manufacturing process and the emergence of leisure-time. This point of view was elaborated by the sociology of work in France after 1945, notably by Georges Friedmann, Pierre Naville and William Grossin. Before approaching this period we question the moment of the foundation of sociology. By mobilizing little known research by Max Weber on the manufacturing process, we shall see in what way he was a precursor of the analysis of diversified attitudes regarding time by individuals and groups.

  18. La banlieue dans l’imaginaire québécois. Problèmes originels et avenir critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Laforest

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available La banlieue est l’objet d’une visibilité accrue dans l’imaginaire littéraire du Québec contemporain. Rien n’indique cependant qu’elle ait dépassé le stade de la caricature ou de la critique unidimensionnelle. Face à cela cet article formule deux hypothèses. La première est qu’il y a une ville consensuelle dans les imaginaires du Québec moderne, et que cette ville repose sur la suppression de l’historicité des formes périurbaines. La seconde est que la réhabilitation de cette historicité dégagera des avenues critiques neuves pour la lecture des récits urbains contemporains. À travers Nègres blancs d’Amérique de Pierre Vallières et Le ciel de Bay City de Catherine Mavrikakis, on verra que le mot banlieue recouvre en fait deux notions qu’il est urgent d’articuler avec le développement de la littérature québécoise : l’urbanisation et la vie ordinaire.The suburb has become progressively more visible in the literary imaginary of contemporary Québec, though nothing seems to indicate that it has surpassed the stage of caricature or unidimensional criticism. In light of this situation, two hypotheses are formulated in this article. The first is that a widely accepted type of city dominates in the imaginary of modern Québec, and that this city is founded upon the suppression of the historicity of peri-urban forms. The second is that the rehabilitation of this suppressed historicity will open new critical avenues for the interpretation of contemporary urban stories. Through an analysis of Pierre Vallières’ Nègres blancs d’Amérique and Catherine Mavrikakis’ Le ciel de Bay City, we will see that the word ‘suburb’ encompasses two notions urgently requiring clarification in view of the development of Québécois literature: urbanisation and ordinary life.

  19. Medications and Older Adults

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... older adults and often require the use of antihistamines. Antihistamines are divided into two classes: first generation antihistamines and second generation antihistamines. First generation antihistamines, while ...

  20. Criminology and Socio- Cultural Aspects of the Anti-Dowry Law in India: A Feminist Critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Varma Chitwan

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In India, the custom of dowry [payment of cash /gifts from the bride family to the bridegroom's family at marriage] not only encouraged parents to be sex selective and abort female embryos [causing skewed sex ratio] and greedy husbands and in-laws to torture and burn brides if their demands were not satiated, it also lowered women status/equality drastically. As a political positive corrective and feminist intervention the government not only banned dowry, it also introduced section 498-A in the Indian Penal Code - a non -bailable, non-compoundable and cognizable offence, against husband or relative, on cruelty to a married woman. But the law is dysfunctional due to lack of awareness, illiteracy, socio-cultural factors & joint family system. Sometimes all the adults of the family are put in jail along with infants, just on complaint, without investigations with school going children left alone to fend for themselves. On the basis of data of four districts of Bundelkhand in India where more than 40% of women jail inmates are under trials for s498A, the paper questions the criminology and impact of reforms/laws alone to curtail gender-based violence, when the basic values within the family, community and state remain patriarchal and against women.

  1. A Brief Discussion of the Poetry Critique Traditions of Modern Criticism%现代文论的诗话传统刍议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    权雅宁

    2011-01-01

    现代文论中仍然保留着相当的诗话传统。这种"现代诗话"的现代性在于其思想武器、论诗眼光、论述方法、理论观点等与传统诗话均有所别。现代文论对传统诗话的继承主要体现在诗性与逻辑性统一的多重对话性,片断性与整体性统一的文体结撰方式等方面。%There are still some poetry critique traditions in modern criticism.What distinguishes it from the traditional poetry critique is its modernity such as conception,poetry horizon,narrative approaches and academic vision.And what it inherited from the traditional poetry critique is its multiple capacity of dialog between poeticity and logicality,the way of style writing between fragment and integrity and the like.

  2. Ipilimumab for Previously Untreated Unresectable Malignant Melanoma: A Critique of the Evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giannopoulou, Christina; Sideris, Eleftherios; Wade, Ros; Moe-Byrne, Thirimon; Eastwood, Alison; McKenna, Claire

    2015-12-01

    The National Institute for Health and Care Excellence (NICE) invited the manufacturer of ipilimumab (Bristol-Myers Squibb Pharmaceuticals Limited) to submit clinical and cost-effectiveness evidence for previously untreated advanced (unresectable or metastatic) melanoma as part of the Institute's Single Technology Appraisal process. The Centre for Reviews and Dissemination and Centre for Health Economics at the University of York were commissioned to act as the independent Evidence Review Group (ERG). This article presents a summary of the manufacturer's submission of ipilimumab, the ERG review and the resulting NICE guidance TA319, issued in July 2014. Ipilimumab at a recommended dose of 3 mg/kg monotherapy was previously granted marketing authorisation by the European Medicines Agency in adult patients who had received prior therapy and was recommended by NICE in guidance TA268. In October 2013, the EMA approved the extension of this indication to previously untreated advanced melanoma patients. NICE decisions are bound by the marketing authorisation; therefore, the decision problem faced by the NICE Appraisal Committee was whether ipilimumab at a recommended dose of 3 mg/kg monotherapy was effective and cost effective compared with first-line standard of care involving dacarbazine (DTIC) and vemurafenib (for BRAF V600 mutation-positive patients). The CA184-024 trial was the primary source of clinical evidence for ipilimumab. However, this was based on a dose of 10 mg/kg with concomitant DTIC. The results over a 5-year period indicated that ipilimumab 10 mg/kg plus DTIC demonstrated a significant increase in median overall survival (OS) of 2.1 months compared with DTIC plus placebo (11.2 vs. 9.1 months). The BRIM-3 trial, which was an open-label randomised controlled trial (RCT) in BRAF V600 mutation-positive patients, was the primary source of evidence for an indirect comparison with vemurafenib. The results showed that vemurafenib increased median OS by 3

  3. Storying the world: a posthumanist critique of phenomenological-humanist representational practices in mental health nurse qualitative inquiry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant, Alec J

    2016-10-01

    The purpose of this study was to build on my previously published critique of phenomenological-humanist representational practices in mental health nursing qualitative inquiry. I will unpack and trouble these practices from an explicitly posthumanist philosophical position on the basis of seminal posthumanist texts and my own single- and co-authored work. My argument will be that researchers in mental health nurse qualitative inquiry, who display a phenomenological-humanist narrative bent in their writing, continually endorse the validity of the institutional psychiatric assumptions, practices, and ways of representing human psychological distress. These are all explicitly rejected in more critical forms of qualitative inquiry in mental health, including in my own work. I will conclude that the use of phenomenological-humanist representational practices, in mental health nursing and by implication and extension other healthcare disciplines, is unethical, un-empathic, and morally compromised. This is because such practices present accounts of the worlds of mental health service users, survivors, and carers that lack necessary and sufficient levels of criticality and context.

  4. Occupy Wall Street as Immanent Critique: Why IR Theory Needs a ‘Mic Check!’

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    Nicholas J. Kiersey

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The recent movements that have emerged across the world to ‘occupy’ various public spaces present an immanent critique of the contemporary arrangements of global politics – one that theorists of International Relations (IR and International Political Economy(IPE should reflect on with some urgency. Emerging from a complex intertext including, but by no means limited to, anarchist and neo-Marxist frameworks, the movement has called for a recognition and appraisal of the ‘communism of everyday life’. Resonating with arguments made in Hardt and Negri’s Commonwealth (2009, as well as David Graeber's Debt: The First 5000 Years (2011, the movements appear to wish to draw attention to a dominant capitalist ontology which denies the highly distributed and social nature of the way in which real value production takes place today. In this context, they argue, the burden of debt that the 99% must endure merely to maintain a dignified standard of living bespeaks the erosion of any semblance of democracy in the allocation of social wealth...

  5. The Criticism of Hegelian Mediation in Kierkegaard's Second Volume of Enter-Eller (Either/Or. A Social Critique?

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    Eduardo Assalone

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In the present paper we address the criticism of the Hegelian doctrine of mediation (Vermittlung developed by Kierkegaard in the second volume of the book Enten-Eller (Either/Or. First we analyze the kind of opposition that Kierkegaard is not willing to relativize through the use of the dialectical mediation. For that purpose the contributions made by Shannon Nason to the understanding of relative opposites in Hegel and in Kierkegaard are applied. Next we indicate the place where the concept of mediation is located in Kierkegaard’s approach, namely, within the “sphere of thought”. Afterwards we approach Theodor W. Adorno’s criticism of the Kierkegaardian attempt to develop a “dialectics without mediation”. In the last section we approach both the criticism and the limitation of the concept of mediation made by Kierkegaard as well as the objections raised by Adorno against them. We also present some reflections on the criticism of mediation made by Kierkegaard and the young Marx as an expression of social critique which remains implicit in the former and that is explicit in the latter.

  6. ‘THE TIME OF NO ROOM’: TOWARDS A THEOLOGICAL CRITIQUE OF CONTEMPORARY ATTEMPTS AT EARTH MANAGEMENT

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    Daniel P. Castillo

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This essay offers a theological critique of contemporary attempts to economically price the earth. It does so by drawing an analogy between pricing and the biblical act of ‘naming.’ In particular, this essay considers two forms of naming found in scripture: 1 the human person’s task of naming the animals, as described in Gen. 2:19; and 2 the work of ‘name-taking’ via census (here I focus especially on the Lukan account’s reference to the Roman imperial census.The rationality underlying each of these forms of naming is examined leading to the conclusion that the act of naming in Genesis is shaped by the desire to serve that which is named, while the act of naming in Luke is shaped by the desire to press that which is named into service. The essay concludes by arguing that the dominant regime of pricing and earth management bears a strong resemblance to the dominative logic that characterizes the Roman imperial census. doi: 10.7833/111-1-11

  7. Critica della teoria neoclassica della crescita e della distribuzione (A Critique of the Neoclassical Theory of Growth and Income Distribution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luigi Pasinetti

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper surveys the main theories of income distribution in their relationship with the theories of economic growth. First, the Classical approach is considered, focusing on the Ricardian theory. Then the neoclassical theory is discussed, highlighting its origins (Bohm-Bawerk, Wicksell, Clark and the role of the aggregate production function. The emergence of a "Keynesian" theory of income distribution in the wake of Harrod's model of growth is then recalled together with the surprising resurgence of the neoclassical theory (following the contributions of Solow and Meade. But, as the paper shows, the neoclassical theory of income distribution lacks logical consistency and has shaky foundations, as has been revealed by the severe critiques moved to the neoclassical production function. Mainstream economic literature circumvents this problem by simply ignoring it; while the models of endogenous growth exclude the issue of distribution theory from their consideration. However, while mainstream economics bypasses the problems of income distribution, this is too relevant an issue to be ignored and a number of new research lines, briefly surveyed, try new approaches to it.          JEL Codes: O41, E25Keywords: Distribution, Economic Growth, Growth, Income Distribution, Income

  8. Critique of the review of 'Water fluoridation for the prevention of dental caries' published by the Cochrane Collaboration in 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rugg-Gunn, A J; Spencer, A J; Whelton, H P; Jones, C; Beal, J F; Castle, P; Cooney, P V; Johnson, J; Kelly, M P; Lennon, M A; McGinley, J; O'Mullane, D; Sgan-Cohen, H D; Sharma, P P; Thomson, W M; Woodward, S M; Zusman, S P

    2016-04-01

    The Cochrane Review on water fluoridation for the prevention of dental caries was published in 2015 and attracted considerable interest and comment, especially in countries with extensive water fluoridation programmes. The Review had two objectives: (i) to evaluate the effects of water fluoridation (artificial or natural) on the prevention of dental caries, and (ii) to evaluate the effects of water fluoridation (artificial or natural) on dental fluorosis. The authors concluded, inter alia, that there was very little contemporary evidence, meeting the Review's inclusion criteria, that evaluated the effectiveness of water fluoridation for the prevention of dental caries. The purpose of this critique is to examine the conduct of the above Review, and to put it into context in the wider body of evidence regarding the effectiveness of water fluoridation. While the overall conclusion that water fluoridation is effective in caries prevention agrees with previous reviews, many important public health questions could not be answered by the Review because of the restrictive criteria used to judge adequacy of study design and risk of bias. The potential benefits of using wider criteria in order to achieve a fuller understanding of the effectiveness of water fluoridation are discussed. PMID:27056513

  9. Un-thought out metaphysics in analytical psychology: a critique of Jung's epistemological basis for psychic reality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brooks, Robin McCoy

    2011-09-01

    The author investigates the relation of Kant, Schopenhauer and Heidegger to Jung's attempts to formulate theory regarding the epistemological conundrum of what can and what cannot be known and what must remain uncertain. Jung's ambivalent use and misuse of Kant's division of the world into phenomenal and noumenal realms is highlighted in discussion of concepts such as the psychoid archetype which he called 'esse in anima' and his use of Schopenhauer's concept of 'will' to justify a transcendence of the psyche/soma divide in a postulation of a 'psychoid' realm. Finally, the author describes Jung's reaction to Heidegger's theories via his assertion that Heidegger's 'pre-given world design' was an alternate formulation of his concept of the archetypes. An underlying theme of the paper is a critique of Jung's foundationalism which perpetuates the myth of an isolated mind. This model of understanding subjectivity is briefly contrasted with Heidegger's 'fundamental ontology' which focuses on a non-Cartesian 'understanding' of the 'presencing of being' in everyday social and historical contexts.

  10. Popper's Critique of Heraclitus%论波普尔对赫拉克利特的批判

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈智勇

    2015-01-01

    波普尔将赫拉克利特当作历史主义早期理论家之一,他对历史主义的批判即是从赫拉克利特开始。波普尔将赫拉克利特的辩证法思想归结为两个主观点“宇宙的变化和隐藏的命运”,却不从哲学史发展角度来分析这两个观点,完全曲解了赫拉克利特辩证法的重要意义。%Popper believes that Heraclitus is one of the early theorists of historicism.His critique of historicism is starting from Heraclitus.Popper thinks Heraclitus’ dialectic includes two main aspects____the change of the universe and the hidden fate.but his analysis is not from the philosophical perspective of the history, and it completely misinterprets the significance of Heraclitus’ dialectic.

  11. Crítica científica e modelos interpretativos em Nietzsche Scientific critique and interpretative models in Nietzsche

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Barros

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir da denúncia da contraditória presença de pressupostos morais dogmáticos na formulação dos princípios norteadores da atividade científica, Nietzsche concebe uma outra noção de cientificidade, compatível com a opção hegemônica pelo saber, que ele reconhece como presente na cultura ocidental. O presente artigo visa a discutir sob quais parâmetros Nietzsche, no período intermediário de sua produção filosófica, empreende sua interpretação da cientificidade ocidental e como, apresentando-se como seu fomentador, ele formula uma crítica desmistificadora desta.From the denounce of the contradictory presence of dogmatic moral presuppositions in the formulation of scientific activity principles, Nietzsche conceives another notion of science compatible with the hegemonic option for knowledge, which he recognizes as present in occidental culture. This article intends to discuss on which parameters Nietzsche, in the intermediary period of his philosophical production, proposes his interpretation of occidental science and formulates a demystifying critique of it.

  12. Critica della teoria neoclassica della crescita e della distribuzione (A Critique of the Neoclassical Theory of Growth and Income Distribution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luigi Pasinetti

    2000-05-01

    Full Text Available The paper surveys the main theories of income distribution in their relationship with the theories of economic growth. First, the Classical approach is considered, focusing on the Ricardian theory. Then the neoclassical theory is discussed, highlighting its origins (Bohm-Bawerk, Wicksell, Clark and the role of the aggregate production function. The emergence of a "Keynesian" theory of income distribution in the wake of Harrod's model of growth is then recalled together with the surprising resurgence of the neoclassical theory (following the contributions of Solow and Meade. But, as the paper shows, the neoclassical theory of income distribution lacks logical consistency and has shaky foundations, as has been revealed by the severe critiques moved to the neoclassical production function. Mainstream economic literature circumvents this problem by simply ignoring it; while the models of endogenous growth exclude the issue of distribution theory from their consideration. However, while mainstream economics bypasses the problems of income distribution, this is too relevant an issue to be ignored and a number of new research lines, briefly surveyed, try new approaches to it.

  13. Adult Education Regional Planning

    Science.gov (United States)

    California Community Colleges, Chancellor's Office, 2015

    2015-01-01

    For more than one hundred and fifty years, until 2008, California was an undisputed national leader in its commitment to adult education. The state's investment in adult learners topped $750 million, a sum greater than the combined total of every other state in the nation. However, for the past several years recession and fiscal crisis have left…

  14. Authenticity in Adult Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ashton, Sam

    2010-01-01

    This paper is concerned with the relationship between authenticity and adult learning and prompted by some studies in which adult "authentic learning" is a central concept. The implication revealed by them is that real-worldness of learning contexts, learning content and learning tasks is perceived as conferring authenticity on learning. Here,…

  15. Toward Transpersonal Adult Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boucouvalas, Marcie

    2016-01-01

    As a foundation for discussing transpersonal adult development, the author traces her trajectory, involvement in, and contribution to the modern transpersonal movement and her introduction of it to the adult learning literature, beginning during the early 1980s. Highlighted are the transpersonal domain and a differentiation between transpersonal…

  16. Participation in adult learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Desjardins, Richard

    2010-01-01

    This entry presents an internationally comparative overview of adult learning patterns. Emphasis is placed on who is participating in adult learning and the observed unequal chances to participate. The entry covers three overarching questions that are central to participation research: a) What...

  17. Adult learning in modernity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Palle

    2007-01-01

    The paper discusses the conditions for the growth of adult education in modern societies. It is argued that in modern adult life individual biographical reflection plays an increasing role, not only for educational and occupational choice but also in the process of identity formation and emotional...

  18. Adult Education in Finland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szekely, Radu

    2006-01-01

    Ever since the first ideas of national independence appeared in Finland, adult education has played an essential role in shaping the destiny of the Finns. With a history of almost 130 years, during which it has continuously increased in quality and quantity, the Finnish adult education system has ensured that Finland stays among the most…

  19. Nietzsche : les Lumières et la cruauté. De l’interprétation de Nietzsche par la Théorie critique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnès Gayraud

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available En 1983, dans Le Discours philosophique de la modernité, la critique habermassienne de l’irrationalisme et du poststructuralisme fait basculer sans équivoque l’auteur de La Volonté de puissance dans le camp des ennemis de la Théorie critique. Toutefois, à la faveur peut-être d’une lecture qui se voulait celle de happy few, les fondateurs de la Théorie critique, Max Horkheimer et Theodor W. Adorno, n’avaient jusque-là pas fait de Friedrich Nietzsche une figure aussi menaçante. Lors d’un entretien radiophonique consacré au philosophe, enregistré à Francfort-sur-le-Main le 31 juillet 1950 en célébration du cinquantième anniversaire de sa mort, ils dénoncèrent l’« horrible mécompréhension » dont Nietzsche avait surtout fait l’objet. Par leur attention à l’ironie de Nietzsche, à la négativité de son discours, ils avaient toujours décelé dans sa pensée de la cruauté le nerf d’une pensée des Lumières telle qu’elle devait être encore affirmée au xxe siècle. Aurait-il existé une alliance paradoxale de la Théorie critique avec le théoricien du Surhomme et de l’Éternel retour, avant qu’avec Habermas la guerre ne lui soit déclarée, ainsi qu’à ses héritiers ? L’article tente de faire apparaître comment, avant cette guerre – et n’en déplaise également aux ennemis nietzschéens de la dialectique –, existait entre Nietzsche et la Théorie critique plus et mieux qu’un statu quo.

  20. Gender Dysphoria in Adults.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zucker, Kenneth J; Lawrence, Anne A; Kreukels, Baudewijntje P C

    2016-01-01

    Gender dysphoria (GD), a term that denotes persistent discomfort with one's biologic sex or assigned gender, replaced the diagnosis of gender identity disorder in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders in 2013. Subtypes of GD in adults, defined by sexual orientation and age of onset, have been described; these display different developmental trajectories and prognoses. Prevalence studies conclude that fewer than 1 in 10,000 adult natal males and 1 in 30,000 adult natal females experience GD, but such estimates vary widely. GD in adults is associated with an elevated prevalence of comorbid psychopathology, especially mood disorders, anxiety disorders, and suicidality. Causal mechanisms in GD are incompletely understood, but genetic, neurodevelopmental, and psychosocial factors probably all contribute. Treatment of GD in adults, although largely standardized, is likely to evolve in response to the increasing diversity of persons seeking treatment, demands for greater client autonomy, and improved understanding of the benefits and limitations of current treatment modalities. PMID:26788901