Sample records for adulte revue critique

  1. Repositioning Ideology Critique in a Critical Theory of Adult Learning.

    Brookfield, Stephen


    Reexamines critical theory as a response to Marxism and repositions ideology critique as a crucial adult learning process. Argues that a critical theory of adult learning should focus on how adults learn to recognize and challenge ideological domination and manipulation. (Contains 31 references.) (SK)

  2. Molecular Weight and Association of Asphaltenes: a Critical Review Masse moléculaire et association des asphaltènes : une revue critique

    Speight J. G.


    Full Text Available The determination of asphaltene molecular weights is complicated by the tendency of asphaltene molecules to associate with each other and with other petroleum constituents, and reported molecular weights vary from 900 to 300 000. This paper reviews the methods (vapor pressure osmometry, size exclusion chromatography, ultrafiltration, ultracentrifugation, viscosity, small angle X-ray scattering, infrared spectroscopy, solubilization, and interfacial tension that have been used to estimate asphaltene molecular weights and to probe association phenomena. It is concluded that asphaltene fractions from typical crudes have a number average molecular weight of 1 200-2 700 and a molecular weight range of 1,000-10,000 or higher. Intermolecular association phenomena are primarily responsible for observed molecular weights up to and in excess of 100,000 but detailed mechanisms of the intermolecular associations are not well understood. Certain observations suggest that asphaltene molecules are associated in reversedmicelles and that asphaltenes interact selectively with resins although the evidence on these points is subject to alternate interpretations. H-bond interactions between asphaltenes and resins have been demonstrated. La détermination de la masse moléculaire des asphaltènes est difficile à cause de la tendance qu'ont les molécules d'asphaltènes à s'associer les unes aux autres et avec d'autres constituants des pétroles. Ces masses moléculaires varient de 900 à 300 000. Cet article passe en revue les méthodes (osmométrie par tension de vapeur, chromatographie d'exclusion stérique, ultrafiltration, ultracentrifugation, viscosité, diffusion centrale des rayons X, spectroscopie infra-rouge, solubilisation et tension interfaciale qui ont été utilisées pour estimer les masses moléculaires des asphaltènes et pour étudier les phénomènes d'association. On conclut que les asphaltènes extraits de bruts types ont des masses mol

  3. Revue noire, une histoire

    Jean Loup Pivin


    Full Text Available Fig. 1 : Couverture du premier numéro de la Revue noire, 1991 Photographe anonyme. Titre: Ousmane Sow : Couple de lutteurs corps à corps, Nouba, 1987. Dimensions de l'image : 27,9 x 40 cm. Fonds : Revue noire. © Photo Revue noire Préambule Le premier numéro de cette revue de grand format, somptueusement illustrée, date de l’année 1991 et s’intitule « Ousmane Sow / African London ». Entièrement bilingue, Revue noire se donne pour objet de faire découvrir l’« African Contemporary Art / art co...

  4. A Review and Critique of the Portrayal of Older Adult Learners in Adult Education Journals, 1980-2006

    Chen, Li-Kuang; Kim, Young Sek; Moon, Paul; Merriam, Sharan B.


    The aging population is a worldwide challenge. Understanding how older adults have been portrayed would provide a foundation on which future scholarship can build. This study assesses and critiques the assumptions underlying the portrayal of older adults and their learning in adult education journals from 1980 to 2006. On reviewing 93 articles in…

  5. Reviewing and Critiquing Computer Learning and Usage among Older Adults

    Kim, Young Sek


    By searching the keywords of "older adult" and "computer" in ERIC, Academic Search Premier, and PsycINFO, this study reviewed 70 studies published after 1990 that address older adults' computer learning and usage. This study revealed 5 prominent themes among reviewed literature: (a) motivations and barriers of older adults' usage of computers, (b)…

  6. Traumatic injuries in revue dancers.

    Wanke, Eileen M; Arendt, Michael; Mill, Helmgard; Koch, Franziska; Wanke, Alice; Groneberg, David A


    Revue productions are a combination of dancing and singing, musical and spoken sequences, and acrobatics, performed with or without a story line, and characterized by a versatility of dance styles and a high number of performances (over 250 in a 10-month season). The aim of this quantitative single cohort study is to evaluate work-related traumatic injuries in this dance genre. Data were obtained from work accident reports of the German Social Accident Insurance Institution for the public sector in Berlin (UKB) involving 440 revue dancers (183 males and 257 females). Analysis was conducted with Excel 2007 and PASW Statistics 18. One out of three female dancers and one out of two male dancers sustained an acute injury in the course of a theatrical season (0.22 injuries per 1,000 hours). The incidence rate was 0.44 for males and 0.31 for females, with the lower extremity as the most commonly injured body region, followed by the spine. Of all occupational accidents, 75.1% happened on stage, with 69% during performances. The dance partner and dance floor were the most common exogenous factors resulting in a traumatic injury. Of all traumatic injuries, 81.7% occurred in the first 3 hours after starting work. Gender specific differences could be observed. Due to the limited availability of comparable studies of other forms of professional dance, in this study revue dance is largely considered as an independent genre.

  7. Prolapsus rectal étranglé de l’adulte jeune: à propos d’un cas et revue de la littérature

    Bayar, Rached; Djebbi, Achref; Mzoughi, Zeineb; Talbi, Ghofrane; Gharbi, Lassaad; Arfa, Nafaa; Mestiri, Hafedh; Khalfallah, Mohamed Taher


    Le prolapsus rectal est un trouble de la statique du rectum, qui réalise une invagination de la paroi rectale aboutissant à son extériorisation à travers l’anus. Il touche généralement l’enfant et le sujet âgé. Sa survenue chez l’adulte jeune est rare. L’étranglement du rectum prolabé est également une complication rare. Nous rapportons l’observation d’un jeune de 30 ans, opéré en urgence pour un prolapsus rectal étranglé. Il a eu une recto-sigmoïdectomie périnéale (intervention d’Altemeier) en urgence avec des suites simples.

  8. Canon Fodder: Young Adult Literature as a Tool for Critiquing Canonicity

    Hateley, Erica


    Young adult literature is a tool of socialisation and acculturation for young readers. This extends to endowing "reading" with particular significance in terms of what literature should be read and why. This paper considers some recent young adult fiction with an eye to its engagement with canonical literature and its representations of…

  9. NAQD, Revue d’études et de critique sociale, numéro 25 (automne/hiver) sous le titre « corruption & prédation » ou « El Nab oua El Fassad », 238 pages, Alger, 2008

    Yalaoui, Ahmed


    La revue s’intéresse à l’un des thèmes d’actualité, à dimensions multiple et complexe : la corruption. Tout en transcendant l’analyse moralisante, l’historien Daho Djerbal, situe le phénomène lorsqu’il constate que : « […] la corruption ne connaît de frontières ni politiques ni idéologiques, seules ses expressions et sa conception varient dans le temps et l’espace. »  Indéniablement, celle-ci touche la plupart des pays, y compris l’Algérie. Ainsi, ses différents aspects, juridiques, instituti...

  10. Bridging the Gap between Human Resource Development and Adult Education: Part One, Assumptions, Definitions, and Critiques

    Hatcher, Tim; Bowles, Tuere


    Human resource development (HRD) as a scholarly endeavor and as a practice is often criticized in the adult education (AE) literature and by AE scholars as manipulative and oppressive and, through training and other interventions, controlling workers for strictly economic ends (Baptiste, 2001; Cunningham, 2004; Schied, 2001; Welton, 1995).…

  11. Bridging the Gap between Human Resource Development and Adult Education: Part One, Assumptions, Definitions, and Critiques

    Hatcher, Tim; Bowles, Tuere


    Human resource development (HRD) as a scholarly endeavor and as a practice is often criticized in the adult education (AE) literature and by AE scholars as manipulative and oppressive and, through training and other interventions, controlling workers for strictly economic ends (Baptiste, 2001; Cunningham, 2004; Schied, 2001; Welton, 1995).…

  12. Critique, generativity, and imagination

    Skovsmose, Ole


    Modern conceptions of critique express preoccupations with obtaining certainty and truth, with establishing foundations, and with linking knowledge and rationality. Modern conceptions of critique have been challenged, and critique has taken new formats. In particular critique has developed without...

  13. Developing critique together

    Chimirri, Niklas Alexander

    In a talk entitled “What is critique?”, Michel Foucault states: “critique only exists in relation to something other than itself: it is an instrument, a means for a future or a truth that it will not know nor happen to be […]. [The activity of critique] is supported by some kind of more general...... imperative – more general still than that of eradicating errors. There is something in critique which is akin to virtue” (Foucault, 1997, pp. 42-43). Critique is future-directed: It communicates a ‘more general imperative’ that affects the possible, the imaginable, and thereby the actual. Even if formulated...... the alternatives surface as clearly as possible – so as to render them contestable, renegotiable, accessible for future critique. Such productive critiques can be found in Heidegger’s destruction and Derrida’s deconstruction, in Ilyenkov’s ideal and Critical Psychology’s reconstructionist critique. The symposium...

  14. Camera as Cultural Critique

    Suhr, Christian


    What does the use of cameras entail for the production of cultural critique in anthropology? Visual anthropological analysis and cultural critique starts at the very moment a camera is brought into the field or existing visual images are engaged. The framing, distances, and interactions between...... to establish analysis as a continued, iterative movement of transcultural dialogue and critique....

  15. Atmosphere: Power, Critique, Politics

    Albertsen, Niels


    This paper hans three interrelated parts. First, atmosphere is approached through the concept of power. Atmospheres 'grip' us directly or mediate power indirectly by manipulating moods and evoking emotions. How does atmosphere relate to different conceptions of power? Second, atmospheric powers m...... be critiqued. Which conception of critique can be involved? Third, critiquing atmospheric powers can generate political conflict. How does atmospheric disputes relate to conceptions of politics and the political?...

  16. What is Critique?

    Raffnsøe, Sverre

    linked to an outward-looking critique that examines and pictures what human forms of life are in the process of making of themselves and challenges them, by reflecting upon what they can and what they should make of themselves. As a very widely diffused practice, however, critique may also become a self...

  17. Education as Sociomaterial Critique

    Postma, Dirk


    In order to extend its scope, depth and effectiveness, critique should shift from its reliance on humanistic assumptions and be reconceptualised as a sociomaterial practice through which realities are enacted differently as multiple and tensional. This kind of critique counters the ways regimes of power are materially entrenched. This article…

  18. Psychosocial treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder in adult refugees: a systematic review of prospective treatment outcome studies and a critique.

    Palic, Sabina; Elklit, Ask


    Refugees with posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) often present with complicated traumatic symptoms, prolonged and repeated exposure to traumatic events, acculturation, and social problems. A consensus about suitability of psychosocial treatments for refugees does not exist. Never the less there is a need to review the state of knowledge about effective treatments for traumatized refugees, to help guide the practitioners in their choice of treatment methods. A systematic review of treatment outcome studies was carried out. Twenty-five studies were reviewed. The majority were treatment studies of different forms of cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT). The rest were reports of outcomes of alternative treatments and a small group of studies of multidisciplinary treatments. The amount of grey literature not covered by the review could not be estimated precisely. Included studies are methodologically diverse and consist of different refugee populations. This makes a broad interpretation of the treatment results only tentative. Very large effect sizes were obtained in some of the CBT studies, indicating a broad suitability of CBT in the treatment of core symptoms of PTSD in adult refugees. Empirical evidence also points to the possibility that the maladaptive traumatic reactions in refugees can take shape of more complex reactions than those strictly specified in the diagnostic category of PTSD. Effectiveness of CBT treatments has as yet not been tested on the whole range of symptoms in these complex cases. There are few studies of treatments alternative to CBT and they are less methodologically rigorous than the CBT studies. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Critiquing a research article

    Marshall, Gill [Division of Medical Imaging Sciences, St. Martin' s College, Lancaster LA1 3JD (United Kingdom)]. E-mail:


    This article explores certain concepts relating to critiquing research papers. These include considering the peer review process for publication, demonstrating the need for critiquing, providing a way to carefully evaluate research papers and exploring the role of impact factors. Whilst all these features are considered in this article, the focus is on presenting a systematic and comprehensive way of critiquing research papers. The information provided should be of use to the many radiographers, associated health professionals and undergraduate and postgraduate students embarking on research projects.

  20. [Thoughts on the Revue de Chirurgie Plastique (1931-34) and the Revue de Chirurgie Structive (1935-38)].

    Vrebos, J


    The history of modern plastic surgery starts when a young, restless ENT man, Dr M. Coelst, started a training in Plastic Surgery with Sebileau in Paris and Joseph in Berlin. This man of vision and far-sighted imagination realized that the separated efforts and publications of so many pioneers, scaterred all over the world, would be lost if not gathered in a scientific journal only devoted to plastic surgery for the benefit of all. This brought him to the idea of establishing, in 1931, at his own initiative, the first international Journal of Plastic Surgery ever published, the Revue de Chirurgie Plastique, fifteen years before the USA Journal Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and sixteen years before the British Journal of Plastic Surgery. The name of the journal was changed in 1935 to the Revue de Chirurgie Structive. Coelst' Revue was promptly accepted as the leading Journal of Plastic Surgery and all the internationally known plastic Surgeons contributed to it by scientific papers of great value, even today.

  1. British plastic surgeons who contributed to the Revue de Chirurgie Plastique and the Revue de Chirurgie Structive (1931-1938): "the Big Four" in their Speciality.

    Rogers, B O


    The Revue de Chirurgie Plastique and the Revue de Chirurgie Structive, Brussels (1931-1938), edited by Maurice Coelst, M.D. from Brussels, were the first, full-fledged medical publications devoted specifically to plastic, reconstructive, and aesthetic surgery. Publishing original articles by H.D. Gillies, P.T. Kilner, A.H. McIndoe, and R. Mowlem--the "Big Four" as they were known to both English and American plastic surgeons--the Revues drew attention to these four surgeons who were mainly responsible for developing the prestige of English plastic surgery in the early 1930s.

  2. U.S. plastic surgeons who contributed to the Revue de Chirurgie Plastique and the Revue de Chirurgie Structive (1931-1938): "Giants" in our specialty.

    Rogers, B O


    The Revue de Chirurgie Plastique and the Revue de Chirurgie Structive, Brussels (1931-1938), edited by Maurice Coelst, M.D. from Brussels, were the first, full-fledged medical publications specifically devoted to plastic, reconstructive, and aesthetic surgery. Publishing original articles by J.W. Maliniac, J. Eastman Sheehan, and brief summaries of papers read at plastic surgery societies by C.R. Straatsma, L.A. Peer, G. Aufricht, and other well-known American plastic surgeons, these Revues drew attention to surgeons, most of whom were responsible for organizing the American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgeons in 1931, the same year in which the Revue de Chirurgie Plastique first appeared.

  3. La couleur en vision par ordinateur : 1.une revue

    Luong, Quang-Tuan


    L'utilisation de la couleur en vision par ordinateur est un sujet de recherche qui suscite un interet recent et croissant. Ce papier fait le point dans ce domaine, en essayant de repondre aux questions : Qu'est-ce que la couleur ? Quelles en sont les representations adequates ? Comment la determiner ? Que peut-on en faire ? Pour cela, nous faisons une revue approfondie et tres a jour de l'ensemble de la litterature consacree a ce sujet en cernant les axes de recherche et les problematiques im...

  4. Ideology and its Critique

    Maurizio Ricciardi


    Full Text Available The thematic section of this issue of «Scienza & Politica» is focused on the problem of ideology. It is assumed that, though in the last decades its end has been repeatedly announced, ideology is still alive. Within the processes of globalization, the references to ideology and its critique regain a central place both in historical research and in political theory. Ideology and its critique seems to be strictly bounded with each other since the origin of the concept, which aimed to pave the way for a new understanding of the world and of the language adopted to name it. The critique of ideology, therefore, has historically been a contestation - performed by particular subjects - of a way of interpreting the world scientifically, thus legitimating the existing relationships of power.

  5. The Pragmatics of Critiquing


    la perception, examinant les effets de la critique constructive et destructive à la lumière de facteurs psychologiques et socioculturels. Les...has none. I know he professes to love this music , but the narrative he hooks it up to threatens to suck it dry.” (An excerpt of Stephanie

  6. License to Critique

    Christensen, Lars Thøger; Morsing, Mette; Thyssen, Ole


    on a research tradition that views communication as constitutive of organization to emphasize the significance of communicative mechanisms that stimulate organizational openness in the application of standards. With the notion of “license to critique,” we present a managerial philosophy designed to involve...

  7. Revue de presse du numéro 44

    2006-01-01, juillet 2005"Vous avez tous entendus parler de la vieille querelle entre Emile Durkheim et Gabriel Tarde et vous pensiez tous que ce brave Emile avait définitivement gagné? Détrompez-vous! Ce numéro de la revue Terrain s'efforce de nous démontrer le contraire et de façon convaincante, il faut bien l'avouer! En 1890 Tarde publie Les lois de l'imitation, et s'attire les foudres de Durkheim pour qui les phénomènes sociaux sont forcément coercitifs. Or Tarde cherche à montrer le ...

  8. Scientific contributions of U.S. plastic surgeons to the Revue de Chirurgie Plastique and the Revue de Chirurgie Structive, Brussels (1931-1938).

    Vrebos, J


    The author emphasizes the close cooperation between U.S. plastic surgeons and the first international journal entirely devoted to plastic surgery, the Revue de Chirurgie Plastique (1931-1934) later to become the Revue de Chirurgie Structive (1935-1938) published under the editorship of Maurice Coelst, M.D. from Brussels. By the accurate recording of original articles, book reviews, proceedings of their annual meetings and summaries in three different languages (English, French, German), the author stresses the intense scientific dynamism and the achievements made by the U.S. pioneers of this new speciality, which really started during World War I.

  9. Non-normative Critique

    Hansen, Magnus Paulsen


    The close ties between modes of governing, subjectivities and critique in contemporary societies challenge the role of critical social research. The classical normative ethos of the unmasking researcher unravelling various oppressive structures of dominant vs. dominated groups in society...... is inadequate when it comes to understand de-politicizing mechanisms and the struggles they bring about. This article argues that only a nonnormative position can stay attentive to the constant and complex evolution of modes of governing and the critical operations actors themselves engage in. The article...

  10. Public Policy and Foucaultian Critique

    Karlsen, Mads Peter; Villadsen, Kaspar


    and his understanding of the relationship between power and critique. A significant challenge for this form of critique is the recent embracing of concepts of ‘diversity’ and ‘pluralism’, both in welfare reforms and service arrangements. Another difficulty is posed by how to engage with the material...

  11. Voicing children's critique and utopias

    Husted, Mia; Lind, Unni


    , designed to accommodate children's participation through graphic illustrations of young children's critique and utopias. The study is informed by a commitment to democratic participation and processes (Reason and Bradbury 2001, Gunnarsson et al. 2016). Ethical guidelines implied dialogues and discussions......, children's voice, critique and utopias, pedagogical work...

  12. Thyroid gland irradiations and thyroid cancers; Critical bibliographic journal; Irradiations de la thyroide et cancers thyroidiens. Revue bibliographique critique

    Vitauxa, F. [CHI Le Raincy-Montfermeil, Faculte X. Bichat, Lab. de Biophysique, Service de Medecine Nucleaire, 93 - Le Raincy-Montfermeil (France)


    The large increase in the incidence of thyroid cancer among children who were mainly less than five years old at the time of the Chernobyl accident is still a major concern for endocrinologists and nuclear medicine physicians. Epidemiological studies have focused solely on iodine-131. However, past knowledge on thyroid irradiation (medical use of iodine-131, radioactive fallout on Marshall islands and the Nevada and Hanford site releases) as well as number of recent works (about low-dose irradiation) raise question on the role of other factors. It is here shown that post-Chernobyl thyroid irradiation is complex and that all factors (iodine-131, but also short lived isotopes of iodine and external irradiation) should be considered. Finally, one needs to think about some of the present medical uses of iodine-131 and especially to the treatment of hyperthyroidism in young subjects. (author)

  13. Pour un situationnisme critique

    Dag Østerberg


    Full Text Available Jean-Paul Sartre's philosophy, in L'être et le néant and in Critique de la raison dialectique, still maintains its validity as a reflection on our located liberty. However, we must criticize - in both senses of limiting it and correct it - on two points: 1 Sartre’s interpretation of matter and natural sciences seems like the interpretation given by logical positivists (Wienerkreis et al.; 2 social relations, analyzed by Sartre in a deep and convincing way, neglect or ignore more fundamental and anonymous social relations, which are necessary to account. The contributions of the neo-Kantian Marburg school, particularly those of Ernest Cassirer, can rectify the Sartrean philosophy, turning it into a critical situationism.

  14. Essentialism, hybridism and cultural critique

    Frello, Birgitta


    to social and cultural critique. Through a critical discussion of the concept of hybridity, I argue that rather than expecting to find definite emancipating or suppressing capacities connected to constructions of the ‘hybrid' and the ‘pure', we should focus on how these two poles are invested with meaning...... assuming that certain social forms carry a critical, emancipating or suppressing potential per se....... and related to power. Hence, while insisting on Cultural Studies' commitment to social and cultural critique, I argue that this critique would benefit from an analytical sensitivity towards the uses and abuses of the discursive power to designate meaningful and legitimate subject positions, rather than...

  15. La revue des marraines (1916-1917, een tijdschrift voor oorlogsmeters en hun petekinderen.

    Marysa Demoor


    Full Text Available This article is situated at the crossroads of First World War and periodical studies. It sheds light on the phenomenon of the war godmothers (marraines, women who supported soldiers at the front by sending them parcels and letters. The godmothers made use of the mainstream press to advertise their services, and founded periodicals of their own. One of these periodicals is La revue des marraines, founded by the Mlles Picard in Paris. In this article, we uncover La revue des marraines and examine how the journal imagines the relation between godmother and godson. 

  16. Disability as infra-critique

    Gad, Christopher; Dalsgaard, Steffen


    This article investigates how disability can work analytically as a ‘critique from within’. Our case is the accommodation of citizens with disabilities during the voting process in Denmark. Here disability makes explicit how Danish democracy is produced as disability rubs up against implicit......, normalized and mundane infrastructures and practices. We investigate disability as critique in this sense of affording a both analytic and practical ‘breakup’. To do so, we promote a ‘compositionist’ post-actor-network theory approach to disability and to polling and investigate what entry-point for critique...... and we examine parts of the historical background for the production of authority in the context of managing disability as exception during polling. In doing so we point out that as the organization of electoral processes evolves, new potentialities for infra-critique also emerge....

  17. The scientific contributions of British Plastic Surgeons to the Revue de Chirurgie Plastique and the Revue de Chirurgie Structive, Brussels (1931-1938).

    Vrebos, J


    In 1931, Maurice Coelst, M.D. from Brussels started the publication of the first international journal of plastic surgery ever published: the Revue de Chirurgie Plastique (1931-1934), which eventually became the Revue de Chirurgie Structive (1935-1938). In 1936, he established the first European Society of Structive Surgery, which held its first congress in Brussels. Further congresses were held in London in 1937 and in Milan in 1938. It is the collaboration and the participation of British plastic surgeons in this Society, this journal, and these meetings that I want to stress, because I am firmly convinced that these documents fill a gap in the history of Plastic Surgery in Great Britain, since--as far as I know--no detailed information concerning this period was ever published in Plastic Surgery literature.

  18. Logistique, chaîne logistique et SCM dans les revues francophones de gestion : quelle dimension stratégique?

    Belin-Munier, Christine


    International audience; L’objectif de cet article est de cerner le caractère stratégique de la logistique et du Supply Chain Management (SCM) tel qu’il apparaît dans les revues généralistes de gestion, afin d’avoir une vision de la nature de la diffusion de la connaissance logistique dans les sciences de gestion. Il s’appuie sur l’analyse de 62 articles parus entre 2001 et 2011 dans quatre revues de la base Cairn, accessible en ligne dans la plupart des universités : Gestion, Revue Française ...

  19. Some Varieties of Normative Social Critique

    Carl-Göran Heidegren


    Full Text Available The article distinguishes between different forms of normative social critique: an external, an internal or immanent, and a disclosing form of critique. Whereas the external and internal critique appeal to or rely upon a certain standard or yardstick of critique, the disclosing form of critique aims at opening up our eyes to new ways of seeing social reality, and in the light of which our way of life can be seen as deficient or pathological. Depending upon the circumstances each form of critique may be a legitimate means to bring about a change.

  20. Nietzsche's aesthetic critique of Darwin.

    Pence, Charles H


    Despite his position as one of the first philosophers to write in the "post-Darwinian" world, the critique of Darwin by Friedrich Nietzsche is often ignored for a host of unsatisfactory reasons. I argue that Nietzsche's critique of Darwin is important to the study of both Nietzsche's and Darwin's impact on philosophy. Further, I show that the central claims of Nietzsche's critique have been broadly misunderstood. I then present a new reading of Nietzsche's core criticism of Darwin. An important part of Nietzsche's response can best be understood as an aesthetic critique of Darwin, reacting to what he saw as Darwin having drained life of an essential component of objective aesthetic value. For Nietzsche, Darwin's theory is false because it is too intellectual, because it searches for rules, regulations, and uniformity in a realm where none of these are to be found - and, moreover, where they should not be found. Such a reading goes furthest toward making Nietzsche's criticism substantive and relevant. Finally, I attempt to relate this novel explanation of Nietzsche's critique to topics in contemporary philosophy of biology, particularly work on the evolutionary explanation of culture.

  1. Towards a critique of indigenous African religion

    Johan Strijdom


    Full Text Available In this article, it is argued that a postcolonial critique of the colonial study of religion should not preclude a critique of indigenous African religion itself. The latter may be developed from a human rights perspective and a critique of exclusionary views of indigeneity. The argument is illustrated by means of specific case studies.

  2. Public Policy and Foucaultian Critique

    Karlsen, Mads Peter; Villadsen, Kaspar


    This article suggests that certain intertwinements can be discerned between contemporary public policies and post-structural thinking, emblematically represented by Foucault and scholars drawing upon his work. The article demonstrates that the post-structural perspective on power, while recognising...... conditions of critical practice which implies analytical critique and resistance through creative self-formation. The article suggests some dislocations of the generalized Foucaultian position on public policy that seem increasingly necessary in the present situation....

  3. Timothy Snyder et ses critiques

    Sémelin, Jacques


    Terres de sang, le livre de Timothy Snyder récemment traduit en français, a suscité de nombreuses réactions de la part des historiens depuis sa publication en 2010. Jacques Sémelin propose un panorama des critiques qui lui ont été adressées et des débats soulevés par cet ouvrage.

  4. Sclérose en plaque, l'expérience du début de la maladie telle que vécue par des patients adultes: une revue de littérature étoffée

    Maillard, Déborah; Progin, Evelyne


    La sclérose en plaque a un impact psychosocial important sur la vie de ceux qu’elle afflige. Aussi, l’entrée dans la maladie et la gestion qui en est proposée a une influence sur la projection de sa trajectoire, par les patients. Une meilleure compréhension de leur vécu du début de la maladie est une ressource capitale, pour les infirmières1, pour guider leurs interventions. Le but de cet écrit est de comprendre ce que vivent les individus adultes atteints de sclérose en plaque, dans la premi...

  5. Een intellectuele trait d'union. La Revue de Hollande (1915-1918: literaire betrekkingen tussen Nederland en Frankrijk

    Mathijs Sanders


    Full Text Available During the First World War, some Dutch journals were explicitly oriented towards the culture of one of the belligerent nations. In periodicals such as the pro-German weekly De Toekomst (The Future and the French oriented La Revue de Hollande, Dutch and foreign intellectuals and artists discussed the cultural identity of the Netherlands. This article draws attention to the latter journal. La Revue de Hollande pretended to be an intellectual trait d'union between the Netherlands and France. How did the editors try to achieve that aim? What does a first exploration of this magazine reveal about bilateral periodicals and their circles during the Great War?

  6. Wie wird die Revue d’esthétique aussehen? [1948

    Lalo, Charles; Souriau, Étienne; Bayer, Raymond


    Trotz der gegenwärtigen Schwierigkeiten ist es uns nun endlich möglich, dem Publikum diese Revue d’esthéthique vorzulegen, um dem lang gehegten Wunsch derjenigen zu entsprechen, die sich in Frankreich für die faszinierenden Studien zur Wissenschaft der Kunst interessieren. Was ist unser Gegenstand, was sind unsere Hoffnungen, und in welche Richtung werden unsere Anstrengungen gehen? Und zunächst einmal: Wie soll das verstanden werden, was zum Thema unserer Zeitschrift geworden ist? Was ist Ä...

  7. Les revues littéraires : histoire et problématique

    Paul Aron


    Full Text Available L’article propose un survol des revues francophones publiées en Belgique. Il montre que les revues sont un support indispensable de l’activité littéraire du pays. Il indique également quelques traits de leur rôle spécifique dans une institution littéraire faible et relativement peu institutionnalisée.Het artikel biedt een overzicht van de Franstalige tijdschriften die in België worden gepubliceerd. Er wordt aangetoond dat tijdschriften een noodzakelijke ondersteuning vormen van de literaire activiteit van het land. Daarnaast wordt ingegaan op een aantal specifieke kenmerken van de rol van tijdschriften in een weinig geïnstitutionaliseerde literaire instelling.The article proposes an overview of the French-speaking reviews published in Belgium. It shows that the reviews are an essential support of the literary activity of the country. It also indicates some features of their specific role in a weak and relatively little institutionalized literary institution.

  8. Critiques of the risk concept

    Nexøe, Jørgen; Halvorsen, Peder Andreas; Kristiansen, Ivar Sønbø


    interests promote risk interventions, that patients may misunderstand risk information, and that risk information can cause unnecessary anxiety. The authors have found no empirical data on the amount of time primary healthcare providers spend on risk interventions, and have not identified any valid......The increasing use of the risk concept in healthcare has caused concern among medical doctors, especially general practitioners (GPs). Critics have claimed that risk identification and intervention create unfounded anxiety, that the concept of risk is not useful at the individual patient level......, that patients' risk concept is different from an epidemiological one, that resources are better spent elsewhere, or that commercial interests take advantage of risk information to promote sales. In this paper the authors discuss the concept of risk and address the critique. There is evidence that commercial...

  9. Web-Based Essay Critiquing System and EFL Students' Writing: A Quantitative and Qualitative Investigation

    Lee, Cynthia; Wong, Kelvin C. K.; Cheung, William K.; Lee, Fion S. L.


    The paper first describes a web-based essay critiquing system developed by the authors using latent semantic analysis (LSA), an automatic text analysis technique, to provide students with immediate feedback on content and organisation for revision whenever there is an internet connection. It reports on its effectiveness in enhancing adult EFL…

  10. The Closing of Critique, Pluralism and Reflexivity

    Alvesson, Mats; Kärreman, Dan


    addresses wider concerns regarding the politics of research and publishing and the conditions of critique at the present time. The pressure and eagerness to get published lead to strong subspecialization and an inclination to build research approaches within which authors are inclined to reproduce shared...... assumptions and be unwelcome to critical explorations. The article points to the risk of assumption-challenging work being marginalized through the anticipation of critique leading to hostile reactions and specialized, politically motivated reviewers blocking the publication of far-reaching critique....

  11. Under the Gaze of Double Critique

    Sabih, Joshua


    Instead of the orientalist reformist paradigm as frame and episteme, Ḫaṭībī proposes a theory of double critique, critical liminality that targets, in a bi-directional movement, a Eurocentric or Orientalist discourse and an ethnocentric local discourse. Three critical concepts, constitutive...... of the theory of double critique: decolonisation, desacralisation and the orphan book are operative in Ḫaṭībī´s analysis of Orientalism, identity, and the issue of origin. As a professional outsider, Ḫaṭībī follows conceptually and methodologically the rules of the epistemological critique in an enunciation...

  12. Transformation Theory: Critique and Confusion.

    Mezirow, Jack


    In response to Cunningham's review of his book "Transformative Dimensions of Adult Learning" in the Spring 1992 issue of "Adult Education Quarterly," Mezirow clarifies his transformation theory of how adults learn and points out how his meaning has been misrepresented. (SK)

  13. Critique without Difference: A Response to Goodman.

    Carr, Alison A.; And Others


    This response to Goodman's critique of "third-wave" school restructuring points out contradictions in his argument and clarifies the values of systemic transformation: social functionalism, empowerment, engaged communities, technology, negotiation, and individual needs. (SK)

  14. Hare's preference utilitarianism: an overview and critique

    Mauro Cardoso Simões


    Full Text Available My purpose in this paper is to summarize some aspects of utilitarianism and to provide a general overview of Hare's preference utilitarianism, followed by a critique of Hare's preference theory.

  15. On the Evolution of Critiquing Recommenders

    McGinty, Lorraine; Reilly, James

    Over the past decade a significant amount of recommender systems research has demonstrated the benefits of conversational architectures that employ critique-based interfacing (e.g., Show me more like item A, but cheaper). The critiquing phenomenon has attracted great interest in line with the growing need for more sophisticated decision/recommendation support systems to assist online users who are overwhelmed by multiple product alternatives. Originally proposed as a powerful yet practical solution to the preference elicitation problem central to many conversational recommenders, critiquing has proved to be a popular topic in a variety of related areas (e.g., group recommendation, mixed-initiative recommendation, adaptive user interfacing, recommendation explanation). This chapter aims to provide a comprehensive, yet concise, source of reference for researchers and practitioners starting out in this area. Specifically, we present a deliberately non-technical overview of the critiquing research which has been covered in recent years.

  16. Developing a framework for critiquing health research

    Caldwell, Kay; Henshaw, Lynne; Taylor, Gina


    A new framework for critiquing health-related research is presented in this article. More commonly used existing frameworks tend to have been formulated within the quantitative research paradigm. While frameworks for critiquing qualitative research exist, they are often complex and more suited to the needs of students engaged in advanced levels of study. The framework presented in this article addresses both quantitative and qualitative research within one list of questions. It is argued that...

  17. La Revue des marraines (1916–17: A Journal for War Godmothers and their Godchildren

    Marysa Demoor


    Full Text Available This article is situated at the crossroads of First World War and periodical studies. It sheds light on the phenomenon of ‘war godmothers’ [‘marraines’], women who supported soldiers at the front by sending them parcels and letters. The so-called godmothers made use of the mainstream press to advertise their services, and founded periodicals of their own. In this article, we examine the representation of war godmothers in the periodical press and uncover La Revue des marraines, a handwritten journal created by the Melles Picard in Paris. The analysis addresses the little-known phenomenon of the war godmothers, the relation between godmother and godson, and changing gender roles. It further questions the importance of handwritten journals during the war, when paper and other means were scarce.

  18. L'évaluation scientifique des revues de linguistique et didactique


    Full Text Available Maguy PothierLaboratoire de recherche sur le langageMaison de la recherche4, rue Ledru63057 Clermont-Ferrand cedex 1 A l’attention de Jacques DubucsESF (Core GroupCognitive Science, Philosophy of science, Paris, France Clermont-Ferrand, le 5 mai 2006 Cher collègue, Le Comité Scientifique de la revue Alsic (Apprentissage des Langues et systèmes d'information et de Communication composé de 45 personnes issues d'universités de 9 pays différents, s'est ému de constater que la partie française d...

  19. Première analyse du lectorat de la revue ALSIC

    Thierry Chanier


    Full Text Available Dans cet article nous tentons de cerner la nature et les centres d´intérêt du lectorat de la revue ALSIC, au cours des 21 premiers mois de son existence, de juin 1998 à février 2000. Nous présentons d´abord les sources d´information sur lesquelles est construite cette étude. Nous examinons les nombres d´accès mensuels sur notre site. Nous détaillons ensuite certaines caractéristiques de notre lectorat : répartition géographique, activités principales, langues objets d´attention. Enfin, nous décrivons les consultations des rubriques et de certains de nos articles.

  20. Editorial : In situ, revue de l’Inventaire général

    Hélène Verdier


    Full Text Available Figure 1Vierge à l’Enfant, statue en terre cuite entourée de François Lasa, photographe et de François Le Bœuf, chercheur, service régional de l’Inventaire en Pays-de-la-LoirePhot. Inv. F. Lasa © Inventaire général, ADAGP, 2000Présentation de « In situ »La création d'une revue permettant de rendre compte des travaux de recherche de l'Inventaire général et, plus largement, des travaux sur le patrimoine conservé in situ est le résultat, comme de nombreux projets collectifs, de réflexions, d'éch...

  1. Thrombasthenie de Glanzmann et grossesse: a propos d�un cas et revue de la litterature

    Myriam Rachad


    Full Text Available La thrombasthenie de Glanzmann est une anomalie plaquettaire qualitative, a transmission autosomale recessive, due a un deficit en glycoproteine IIb/IIIa (GPIIb/IIIa, avec un defaut d�agregation plaquettaire. Il en resulte une perturbation de l�hemostase primaire, a l�origine d�hemorragie plus ou mois importantes. Nous rapportons l�observation de N.A, agee de 32 ans, suivie depuis l�enfance pour maladie de Glanzmann, troisieme pare, avec deux accouchements par voie basse et une cesarienne programmee, compliques tous les trois par hemorragie de delivrance, jugulee avec succes. La grossesse chez une patiente thrombo-asthenique reste rare, peu de cas jusqu'a present, sont decrits. A travers cette observation, et a la lumiere d�une revue de la litterature, nous allons essayer surtout, de mettre le point sur la prise en charge de cette association delicate, qui met en jeu, a chaque fois, le pronostic vital maternel.

  2. Revues germanophones

    Ulrike Krampl


    Full Text Available Geschichte und Gesellschaft (AllemagneHistoire contemporaineMecking, Christine, « Chefin oder Mauerblümchen ? Frauen in der öffentlichen Verwaltung der Bundesrepublik », Geschichte und Gesellschaft, 31, 3, 2005, 465-493.Historische Anthropologie. Kultur – Gesellschaft – Alltag (Allemagne/Autriche/SuisseHistoire moderneGleixner, Ulrike, « Pietismus, Geschlecht und Selbstentwurf. Das "Wochenbuch" der Beate Hahn, verh. Paulus (1778–1842 », Historische Anthropologie, 10, 1, 2002, 76-100.Rosenh...

  3. Algérie Littérature Action : une revue autonome dans la guerre civile ?

    Leperlier, Tristan


    Créée en 1996 à Paris par Marie Virolle et Aïssa Khelladi, Algérie Littérature Action (ALA) est une revue littéraire qui, publiée par Marsa Éditions, a eu la particularité de proposer, pendant plusieurs années, une œuvre inédite longue en première partie de son sommaire (roman, mais aussi pièce de théâtre, recueil de poésie ou de nouvelles). Elle prenait alors l’aspect d’une « revue-collection » ou d’un « livrazine » qui renouait avec le modèle du Mercure de France ou de la NRF. Ce format exp...

  4. La vie intellectuelle des femmes à Beyrouth dans les années 1920 à travers la revue Minerva

    Anne-Laure Dupont


    Full Text Available la revue Minerva, éditée à de 1923 à 1927, constitue un témoin intéressant de la vie culturelle et intellectuelle de Beyrouth dans la période. Revue animée par des femmes grecques-orthodoxes, elle défendait à la fois le nationalisme arabe d'une façon très large, et la cause des femmes arabes en insistant de façon encore très traditionnelle sur leur rôle éminent comme éducatrices, épouses et mères.

  5. Imaginative critique of the contemporary city

    Andrés Di Masso Tarditti


    Full Text Available In this article we introduce the contributions of different authors to a critique of contemporary urban phenomena. We begin pinpointing both the relevance and the epistemic limits of the city in the frame of the social sciences. We then develop a series of arguments that stress the main limitations of the dominant trend in environmental psychology dedicated to the study of urban phenomena. Consequently, we advocate an interdisciplinary, critique, reflexive and comprehensive approach to the study of the city. Finally, we synthesise the texts composing the monograph. The aim is to provide some materials for an epistemological, theoretical and methodological critique of urban environmental psychology, on the one hand, and to promote the imagination as a powerful and thorough instrument of knowledge, on the other hand.

  6. The Economics of Illustration: The Revue illustrée in the 1890s

    Evanghelia Stead


    Full Text Available The Parisian Revue Illustrée (1885–1912, a middle-class periodical of broad circulation and sophisticated iconography, lets us examine the expansion of fin-de-siècle culture beyond the so-called ‘petites revues’, particularly in the years 1894–1903. Through this fashionable all-publics fortnightly, typically fin-de-siècle tales and songs on transient motives, replete with Art Nouveau images and ornamentation, reach bourgeois households. The article shows the niche category the magazine occupied through its copious and exciting iconography. Using unpublished correspondence and print material culture, it throws light on the ways its editors turned the more refined parts of the magazine into deluxe photo-mechanically produced books. The study focuses on two men, René Baschet, the Revue’s editor from 1889 to 1904, and Jérôme Doucet, his assistant editor from July 1897 to 1902, and two fin-de-siècle writers, Catulle Mendès and Jean Lorrain, as well as up-coming artists André Cahard, Henry Bellery-Desfontaines, Manuel Orazi, and Carloz Schwabe. The case shows that sophisticated illustration was a financial spur that came cheap while it supported the so-called ‘decadent’ writings. Further, with refined taste, numerous connexions to artists, and work for a Dutch publisher, Jérôme Doucet emerges as a key figure behind the scenes.

  7. Hydrogen-via-electricity concept. Critique report

    Escher, W. J. D.


    The hydrogen-via-electricity (HvE) concept is the prospective use of hydrogen fuel produced electrolytically from the electric utility grid as a means of responding to conventional fuels shortages. The two sets of comments and critiques of this concept solicited from the Government/Government contractor group and from the electric utility companies are presented.

  8. Maternal Depression and Developmental Disability: Research Critique

    Bailey, Donald B., Jr.; Golden, Robert N.; Roberts, Jane; Ford, Amy


    Maternal depression in families having a child with a disability has been the subject of considerable research over the past 25 years. This review was designed to describe the literature on maternal depression, critique its research methodology, identify consensus findings across studies, and make recommendations for future research. A particular…

  9. Feminist Critiques Against Traditional Approaches to Security

    Petrus Kanisius Farneubun, P.


    Feminists claim that national security is a model of masculinity domination, which hardly disputed This essay addresses feminists critique on notion of conventional security and provides feminists own definition. It shows that feminists adopt comprehensive approach in relation to security. They tend

  10. The Rational-Emotive Approach: A Critique

    Morris, G. Barry


    The critique of Rational-Emotive Therapy aims criticism at Ellis' concept of irrationality, analysis of human behavior and therapeutic techniques. Ellis suggests that his critic's claims lack the support of experimental evidence. He further suggests that an "existential" bias pervades which differs from his own brand of "existentialism." (KRP)

  11. 'Grey in Grey': Crisis, Critique, Change

    Benjamin Noys


    Full Text Available This essay reflects on the global financial crisis of 2008 as a site from which to assess anumber of theorisations of critique and change, based within a broadly-defined Marxism.While the recent crisis has given traction to Marxism as a form of critique, the articulationof that critique to actual change, and especially to the prospective agents of change, hasbeen left hanging. Charting the work of Fredric Jameson, Hardt and Negri, and others, wefind an emphasis on the powers of production and life as a point of excess to fuel anticapitalist politics. However, these images of dynamism are now forced to confrontcapitalism in a state of inertia and deceleration, and in so doing, they reveal theirdependence on replicating or displacing the supposed ‘productive forces’ of capitalism totheir own projects. Models of ‘anti-production’, such as those derived from GeorgesBataille, also tend to converge on models of vital powers, although cast in forms ofconsumption and excess. Criticising this convergence on a mythical vitalism, this essaysuggests a deflationary critique of capitalism’s ‘productivism’, and explores the potentialfor an anti-vitalist analysis that might better grasp the ‘mythological displacement’ ofexperience that operates within the frame of capitalist social relations.

  12. Feminist Critiques Against Traditional Approaches to Security

    Petrus Kanisius Farneubun, P.

    Feminists claim that national security is a model of masculinity domination, which hardly disputed This essay addresses feminists critique on notion of conventional security and provides feminists own definition. It shows that feminists adopt comprehensive approach in relation to security. They tend

  13. Musique et sommeil chez la personne âgée: revue de la littérature

    Carruzzo, Frédéric,; Schoepf, Chris


    Cette revue de la littérature a pour objectif d’étudier les relations entre musique relaxante et sommeil chez la personne âgée. Nous avons inclus six articles de recherche primaire dans notre étude. La moyenne d’âge des échantillons oscille entre 59 et 76 ans, et les contextes des études sont très variés, allant du domicile aux soins intensifs, en passant par une unité de cardiologie et un laboratoire du sommeil. Nous avons consulté quatre bases de données de novembre 2015 à janvier 2016...

  14. Politics and the Internet: A Phenomenological Critique

    Gregory Cameron


    Full Text Available “Politics and the Internet” is a critique of the political potential of the internet from the perspective of Husserl’s discussion of intersubjectivity and objectivity in Cartesian Meditations and Origins of Geometry. Unlike other critiques of the internet from a phenomenological perspective, this paper does not consider the limitations of internet communication from the perspective of the body. Here, rather, the prime concern is with the constitution of objectivity and the ways in which the internet limits this constitution. The paper builds towards a consideration of the essential role of objectivity as a condition of possibility for politics and community. Implicit in the argument is a defence of print and broadcast media.

  15. The will to health: a Nietzschean critique.

    Betts, Clinton E


    The purpose of this paper is to propose a critique of the prevailing attitude of human health, what I refer to as the will to health, using a Nietzschean perspective. First, I briefly discuss the purpose and manner of Nietzsche's methodological approach to philosophy and his problem with modernity. Second, I explicate the two current ideological paradigms of health that, in my view, constitute the prevailing will to health. Third, Nietzsche's general understanding of human health is presented and following this, a critique of some contemporary health matters from this perspective is undertaken. Strictly speaking, there is no specific thesis to be found in this paper. I do not presume to prove or disprove anything, rather I avail myself of Nietzsche's unique insight into the human condition as a rubric from which to illuminate something of the nature of human health.

  16. Deux lectures critiques d'Alf Ross

    Millard, Eric


    Suivi de deux textes de Kelsen (Une théorie réaliste et la Théorie pure du droit ; notice HAL : et Hart (Sur le réalisme scandinave ; notice HAL :; Présentation de deux textes d'Hans Kelsen et d'HLA Hart critiquant l'ouvrage On law and Justice de Ross

  17. Creating Shared Value. A Fundamental Critique

    Beschorner, Thomas; Hajduk, Thomas


    This article offers a fundamental critique of Michael Porter’s and Marc Kramer’s “Creating Shared Value” (CSV) concept. First, the authors summarise the positive and negative criticism which CSV has received since 2011. They then show that CSV falls short of a modern understanding of corporate responsibility which is centred on more adequate ideas about the relationship between business and society. The article concludes with critical comments on the role of scholars in their interaction with...

  18. Acceptability of novel lifelogging technology to determine context of sedentary behaviour in older adults

    Harvey, Juliet A.; Skelton, Dawn A.; Sebastien F.M. Chastin


    Objective: Lifelogging, using body worn sensors (activity monitors and time lapse photography) has the potential to shed light on the context of sedentary behaviour. The objectives of this study were to examine the acceptability, to older adults, of using lifelogging technology and indicate its usefulness for understanding behaviour. Method: 6 older adults (4 males, mean age: 68yrs) wore the equipment (ActivPALTM and Vicon RevueTM/SenseCamTM) for 7 consecutive days during free-living activity...

  19. "Successful aging," gerontological theory and neoliberalism: a qualitative critique.

    Rubinstein, Robert L; de Medeiros, Kate


    This article is a critique of the successful aging (SA) paradigm as described in the Rowe and Kahn book, Successful Aging (1998). The major point of this article is that two key ideas in the book may be understood as consonant with neoliberalism, a social perspective that came into international prominence at the same time the SA paradigm was initially promoted. These two key ideas are (a) the emphasis on individual social action applied to the nature of the aging experience and (b) the failure to provide a detailed policy agenda for the social and cultural change being promoted and, particularly, for older adults who may be left behind by the approach to change the book suggests. The article provides no evidence for a direct connection between SA and neoliberalism, but rather shows how similarities in their approaches to social change characterize both of them. In sum, the article shows (a) how the implicit social theory developed in the book, in a manner similar to neoliberalism, elevates the individual as the main source of any changes that must accompany the SA paradigm and (b) the focus on SA as individual action does not provide for those older adults who do not or will not age "successfully." This, we conclude, implicitly sets up a two-class system of older adults, which may not be an optimal means of addressing the needs of all older adults. The article also reviews a number of studies about SA and shows how these, too, may emphasize its similarities to neoliberalism and other issues that the SA paradigm does not adequately address.

  20. Geographical Journals in Spain : from Tradition to Fragmentation Les revues géographiques en Espagne : de la tradition à la fragmentation

    Aurora Garcia Ballesteros


    Full Text Available This article reviews the short and diversified history of the Spanish Geographical journals, within the framework of the general Spanish geographic tradition. During the second half of the 20th Century, a fragmentation of the university Geography groups took place with a multiplication of journals. This fragmentation appears as a big difficulty to reinforce and internationally disseminate the main results of Spanish geographical research. Through the most popular journals database it is possible to evaluate the impact of these Spanish journals, which is always very little. Some conclusions related to language and content problems are advanced in order to improve the knowledge of the great and diversified Spanish geography all around the world.Cet article analyse l’évolution brève et diversifiée des revues de géographie espagnoles, dans le contexte général de la tradition géographique. À partir de la deuxième moitié du XXème siècle il y eu une fragmentation des groupes de géographes universitaires ce qui a produit une multiplication des revues. Cette fragmentation devient la difficulté majeure pour l’internationalisation et la diffusion des principaux résultats de la recherche géographique espagnole. À travers des bases de données de revues les plus connues on a pu évaluer l’impact des revues espagnoles, qui est toujours très réduit. On avance finalement quelques conclusions relatives aux problèmes de la langue et des contenus de la majorité des articles des revues espagnoles comme explication de la méconnaissance de l’importance et de la diversité de la géographie espagnole dans le monde actuel.

  1. A critique of full reserve banking

    Montagnoli, A; S Dow; Johnsen, G.


    Proposals for full reserve banking have been put forward as a radical way of preventing further financial crises. They rest on the argument that crises are caused by excessive money supply growth brought about by inadequately controlled bank credit creation. Our aim is to provide a critique of the theoretical assumptions underlying the plans for full reserve banking. In particular some of the plans rely on the view that the money supply is a key causal variable and that it is feasible for cen...

  2. L'apprentissage des langues médiatisé par les technologies (ALMT – Étude d'un domaine de recherche émergent à travers les publications de la revue Alsic Technology-mediated language learning: an emergent research domain under study through the review of a French scientific journal's publications

    Nicolas Guichon


    Full Text Available Dans cette étude, il est postulé que l'apprentissage des langues médiatisé par les technologies (ALMT est un domaine de recherche qui s'intéresse au développement et à l'intégration des technologies dans l'enseignement-apprentissage d'une langue. Ce domaine étant émergent, la présente recherche vise tout d'abord à comprendre comment s'est formée la communauté de chercheurs autour de cet objet. Puis, à travers l'analyse critique de 79 articles publiés dans la revue en ligne francophone Alsic entre 1998 et 2010, la présente contribution s'emploie à définir les contours épistémologiques de ce domaine en étudiant les moyens de production de connaissance.In this study, it is postulated that technology mediated language learning is a research domain that focuses on the design and integration of technologies for language learning and teaching. Because this domain is emergent, the present study first aims at understanding how a community of researchers has developed around this object. Then, thanks to the critical analysis of 79 articles published in Alsic, a French-speaking online journal, the present article endeavours to define the epistemological contours of this research domain by studying the means employed to produce knowledge.

  3. Kantian Critique as a possible Driver for Planned Change

    Petersen, Martin Lund; Bordum, Anders


    In this article it is revealed that planned change approaches operate with multiple drivers for change, but often neglect critique as a relevant driver for change. This is in contradistinction to approaches within the social sciences, where critique is often seen as a relevant approach to creatin...

  4. Education Policy and Practice "under" New Labour: An Epistolary Critique

    Richards, Colin


    Since the election of 1997 New Labour's education policy has been subject to variety of forms of critique--in this journal and others. One of the sources for such critique has been a barrage of letters unleashed for over a decade by Colin Richards in the "Times Educational Supplement". Here are reproduced a self-edited selection of his…

  5. Interpreting Foucault: An Evaluation of a Foucauldian Critique of Education

    Woermann, Minka


    The potential strengths and weaknesses of a Foucauldian critique of education are discussed and evaluated. The article focuses specifically on the value of Foucault's work for critiquing social and political ideologies prevalent in education, which is understood as a societal institution, and hence, as a modern regime of institutional power. In…

  6. Curricular Critique of an Environmental Education Policy: Implications for Practice

    Karrow, Douglas D.; Fazio, Xavier


    This paper provides a curricular critique of an environmental education policy framework called "Acting Today, Shaping Tomorrow" (Ontario Ministry of Education, 2009). Answers to the following two curricular questions: "What should be taught?" and "How it should be taught?" frame the critique. Scrutiny of the latter…


    Jowita Guja


    Full Text Available The paper is a synthetic overview of main problems of the philosophical critique of religion. In the beginning I identify and characterize three general threads of the critique: the enlightenment, the alienational and the thread which focuses on the problem of theodicy. The greater part of my article is devoted to the alienational critique of religion n its two types: atheistic (Feuerbach, Marx, Freud, Nietzsche, Sartre and theistic (Barth. The subjects of my analysis are the sources and foundations of the alienational critique of religion and the most important problems implied by it: the essence of religion, the ideal of the irreligious man, the prospect to remove religion. The analysis presents troubles and confusions connected to these subjects: they emerge in atheistic type of alienational critique of religion.

  8. The Crisis of Critique in Critical Management Studies

    Lystbæk, Christian Tang

    both directions and employ both conceptions in their critique. Critique should not ignore one of the dual aims. Hence, my paper will point toward a Third Wave of critical management studies, addressing the question (or quest) whether the fundamental tension between Normativity and Contextuality can......Generally speaking, critical management studies are based upon a critique of customary conceptions of management for being reductionist and carrying implicit, unrecognized (problematic) assumptions. This conceptual paper argues, however, that this holds for critical management studies too: Critical...... management studies are equally based upon reductionist, problematic assumptions regarding the conception of, not management, but critique. Thus, this paper identifies a crisis in critical management studies in terms of simplified accounts of critique. There has been and still is a rough dividing line between...

  9. The Crisis of Critique in Critical Management Studies

    Lystbæk, Christian Tang

    both directions and employ both conceptions in their critique. Critique should not ignore one of the dual aims. Hence, my paper will point toward a Third Wave of critical management studies, addressing the question (or quest) whether the fundamental tension between Normativity and Contextuality can......Generally speaking, critical management studies are based upon a critique of customary conceptions of management for being reductionist and carrying implicit, unrecognized (problematic) assumptions. This conceptual paper argues, however, that this holds for critical management studies too: Critical...... management studies are equally based upon reductionist, problematic assumptions regarding the conception of, not management, but critique. Thus, this paper identifies a crisis in critical management studies in terms of simplified accounts of critique. There has been and still is a rough dividing line between...

  10. 'Theory of mind' II: Difficulties and critiques.

    Plastow, Michael


    'Theory of mind' will be further examined firstly by looking at the experimental situation that was used to put forward this notion. A fundamental difficulty regarding the failure of 'theory of mind' to account for the misunderstandings of everyday life will be discussed. Other difficulties in the experimental conceptualisation of this notion will then be studied. Critiques that have previously been made of 'theory of mind' will also be examined. 'Theory of mind' proposes an ideal of limpid understanding of the other. It is argued here that this notion of mind-reading is belied by its failure in our everyday lives. The experimental results by which this notion was proposed are neither sensitive nor specific. It is argued that there is also a fundamental error in this conception and its experimental design due to assessing a second-person phenomenon by a third-person method. Critiques of 'theory of mind' emphasise the epistemological difficulties and the fact that it is a poor explanation for the interactions of non-autistic subjects.

  11. Two Agendas for Bioethics: Critique and Integration.

    Garrett, Jeremy R


    Many bioethicists view the primary task of bioethics as 'value clarification'. In this article, I argue that the field must embrace two more ambitious agendas that go beyond mere clarification. The first agenda, critique, involves unmasking, interrogating, and challenging the presuppositions that underlie bioethical discourse. These largely unarticulated premises establish the boundaries within which problems can be conceptualized and solutions can be imagined. The function of critique, then, is not merely to clarify these premises but to challenge them and the boundaries they define. The second agenda, integration, involves honoring and unifying what is right in competing values. Integration is the morally ideal response to value conflict, offering the potential for transcending win/lose outcomes. The function of integration, then, is to envision actions or policies that not only resolve conflicts, but that do so by jointly realizing many genuine values in deep and compelling ways. My argument proceeds in stages. After critically examining the role and dominant status of value clarification in bioethical discourse, I describe the nature and value of the two agendas, identify concrete examples of where each has been and could be successful, and explain why a critical integrative bioethics--one that appreciates the joint necessity and symbiotic potential of the two agendas--is crucial to the future of the field. The ultimate goal of all of this is to offer a more compelling vision for how bioethics might conduct itself within the larger intellectual and social world it seeks to understand and serve.

  12. Literaire strategieën: de drie satellieten van La Nouvelle Revue Française (1910-1914

    Maaike Koffeman


    Full Text Available La Nouvelle Revue Française, opgericht in 1908 door een groep schrijvers rond André Gide, is het belangrijkste Franse literaire maandblad van het interbellum geweest. In de jaren voorafgaand aan de Eerste Wereldoorlog is de reputatie van het tijdschrift nog relatief bescheiden, maar er is al wel een duidelijke progressie te constateren. Deze is niet alleen toe te schrijven aan de inhoudelijke kwaliteit van de bijdragen, maar vooral ook aan de manier waaorp de redactie het tijdschrift promoot. De oprichters bedienen zich van een 'mutimedia-strategie': zij ontwikkelen rond de NRF verschillende nevenactiviteiten om de naamsbekendheid van het tijdschrift te vergroten en zijn literatuuropvattingen onder een breder publiek te verspreiden. 

  13. De l'injure en pays maure ou « qui ne loue pas critique »

    Catherine Taine-Cheikh


    Full Text Available Catherine Taine-Cheikh, qui s'intéresse au phénomène de l'injure dans la société arabophone de Mauritanie, commence par étudier les différents termes du dialecte hassâniyya qui relèvent de ce champ sémantique. Elle s'attache ensuite à montrer l'importance et la complexité de l'« effet injure », dans cette société fortement imprégnée par les valeurs de l'honneur où non seulement la critique mais aussi la louange peuvent apparaître comme des manifestations de l'injure. Passant en revue diverses situations empruntées à la vie quotidienne ou puisées dans des matériaux littéraires (écrits et surtout oraux, l'auteur relève diverses stratégies adoptées, soit par les injurieurs, soit par les injuriaires, pour tenter de maîtriser les effets des mots (ou gestes « déplacés ». Bien que le problème du contrôle de soi semble presque toujours primordial, la gestion de l'injure laisse apparaître une différenciation importante en fonction du sexe et du statut relatif des acteurs sociaux concernés.

  14. Nietzsche’s critique of moral values

    Savić Mićo


    Full Text Available In this article the author argues that Nietzsche’s critique of morality is based on his metaphysics in which the notion of will to power conceived in the spirit of the Greek concept of physis plays a key role. He demonstrates that the revaluation of all values as overcoming of Platonist-Christian nihilism is aimed at the affirmation of “living in accordance with nature“, whereby nature is understood just as physis. He also shows why, for Nietzsche, pretension to universality and objectivity of the dominant value system is not justified. Finally, the author points to the difficulties of Nietzsche’s (inverse Platonism and concludes that the failure of modernity to justify morality imposes the task of examining the possibilities of rehabilitation of Aristotle’s practical philosophy.

  15. Critique of an Existing Language Syllabus



    This article is intended for exploration and critique of some issues of the syllabus for Certificate in English for Business. The issues examined are what ideologies are behind the design, what types of the syllabus are and whether it is likely to develop the communicative competence. In addition, the comparison between the learning outcomes and objectives of the education pro⁃gram is also included. Next, the process-oriented syllabus which is different from the category of the teaching plan is taken into consideration as well. Finally, minor problems on whether the design is likely to meet the learners’needs and motivate the learn⁃ers, whether it is likely for the teacher to the implement the plan are covered, being discussed briefly.

  16. A critique of anthropological research on homosexuality.

    Fitzgerald, T K


    Since the 1970 resolutions of the American Anthropological Association, encouraging more research activity among anthropologists on the topic of homosexuality, there has been less than enthusiastic response. Rather than directly attempting to provide reasons for this research failure, this paper takes a look at what actually has been done by anthropologists with an eye to assessment of their major contributions. Thus, summarized are the studies on the role of the "berdache" in primitive cultures, with a critique of the terminological problems associated; a review of some of the ethnographic accounts of homoerotic behavior among primitive folk, with comments on the weaknesses of such treatments; and, finally, a discussion of the current typological approach to the study of the homosexual community, with its multimodal rather than unimodal emphasis. In short, this is a review article that tries to assess the impact of anthropological research for the ultimate understanding of this facet of humankind.

  17. An Immanent Critique of the Attention Economy

    Claudio Celis Bueno


    Full Text Available The present article develops an immanent critique of the attention economy as a power apparatus. In particular, it contends that what Foucault (2009 defined as the passage from disciplinary societies to societies of security entails a transformation of the main function of human attention: whereas in disciplinary societies attention (or the gaze was aimed at imposing continuous surveillance on each individual, societies of security conceive the gaze of each subject as a source of data which allows constructing a new object of power, i.e., the population. To illustrate this, the present article focuses on the specific case of the attention economy and the notions of ‘dataveillance’ and ‘Big Data’.

  18. Theological Critique of the "New Atheism"

    Sleptsova Valeriia


    Full Text Available The paper is devoted to a critical analysis of one of the newest trends of modern Anglo-American freethinking. It is called “new atheism”. The most known spokesmen of this trend are R. Dawkins, D. Dennett, S. Harris and Ch. Hitchens. Theology and Christian philosophy place high emphasis on the critique of the “new atheism”. One of the most talked-about critics of this trend is A. McGrath. The author of the paper notes that some of specific theological criticisms are just. Among them are the critique of the meme-theory and the lack of reflection of the “new atheism” on itself. At the same time the author of the paper demonstrates that some theses of the theological critics are insufficiently grounded. For example, theological critics are rather premature in their conclusions about bringing the “new atheism” into line with L. Feuerbach and K. Marx. The author believes that the ideas of the “new atheism”, as well as the method and the style of expression of its viewpoints are much more successfully integrated in one line with the ideas of such atheists as Bertrand Russell, than a number of the creators of really new ideas of freethinking. In addition, the “new atheism” is also close to the radical wing of the US freethinking of the early 20th century graphically represented by the ideas of R.G. Ingersoll. The author points to the desire of the “new atheists” as well as their critics to simplify the views held by the opposite side. This desire often leads to misinterpretation of the logic of thoughtin both the “new atheists” and their opponents.

  19. The Kingdom of God. Martin Buber's Critique of Messianic Politics

    Paul Mendes- Flohr


    Full Text Available Through a textual and contextual analysis of Martin Buber’s scholarly disquisition, Königtum Gottes (1932, the article focuses on his critique of political Messianism. This critique is addressed to his friends who participated in the Bavarian Revolution of 1918/19, the political theology of Friedrich Gogarten and Carl Schmitt, and given trends in Zionism. This article discusses the affinities of Buber’s critique of political Messianism with that of Max Weber who like Buber called for a political and ethical re-valorization of the everyday. This call is contrasted with Walter Benjamin’s political Messianism, whose dialectic in effect endorses a similar ethos.

  20. A critique of cannabis legalization proposals in Canada.

    Kalant, Harold


    An editorial in this issue describes a cannabis policy framework document issued by a major Canadian research centre, calling for legalization of non-medical use under strict controls to prevent increase in use, especially by adolescents and young adults who are most vulnerable to adverse effects of cannabis. It claims that such a system would eliminate the severe personal, social and monetary costs of prohibition, diminish the illicit market, and provide more humane management of cannabis use disorders. It claims that experience with regulation of alcohol and tobacco will enable a system based on public health principles to control access of youth to cannabis without the harm caused by prohibition. The present critique argues that the claims made against decriminalization and for legalization are unsupported, or even contradicted, by solid evidence. Early experience in other jurisdictions suggests that legalization increases use by adolescents and its attendant harms. Regulation of alcohol use does not provide a good model for cannabis controls because there is widespread alcohol use and harm among adolescents and young adults. Government monopolies of alcohol sale have been used primarily as sources of revenue rather than for guarding public health, and no reason has been offered to believe they would act differently with respect to cannabis. Good policy decisions require extensive unbiased information about the individual and social benefits and costs of both drug use and proposed control measures, and value judgments about the benefit/harm balance of each option. Important parts of the necessary knowledge about cannabis are not yet available, so that the value judgments are not yet possible. Therefore, a better case can be made for eliminating some of the harms of prohibition by decriminalization of cannabis possession and deferring decision about legalization until the necessary knowledge has been acquired.

  1. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI, Année 2009, n° 111-120

    Archambault, Jean-Pierre


    Tous les articles sont accessibles via le fichier attaché index.html. EPI, Archambault, J.-P. (2009). Éditorial : Du temps donné pour la mise en place d'un enseignement de l'informatique et des TIC au Lycée. EpiNet : Revue électronique de l'EPI (Enseignement Public & Informatique), jan. 2009, (111). a0901d EPI, Archambault, J.-P. (2009). Comment donner une culture générale informatique à tous les élèves ? Compte-rendu de la table ronde EPI au salon Educatice. EpiNet : Revue électronique de ...

  2. Critique of metaphysics, capital logic and totality, and social critique theory: the three critical dimensions of Marx's philosophy


    Karl Marx's philosophy includes three dimensions of critique.The first is the critique of metaphysics,which is also the major premise on the basis of which Marx turns his philosophical viewpoint to the analysis of social life and its cultural logic.The second is the capital logic and totality,the core of Marx's philosophy,according to which Marx exposes the totality and contradictions inherent in the capital logic.The third is the theory of social critique that is the realistic end of his philosophy.

  3. Les revues littéraires dans l’entre-deux-guerres entre France et Grèce. Réseaux, transferts culturels et traduction

    Lucile Arnoux-Farnoux


    Full Text Available Pendant l’entre-deux-guerres, certaines revues littéraires grecques adoptent uneattitude hellénocentriste, tandis que d’autres s’ouvrent au contraire largement à l’étranger.Cette ouverture se manifeste bien sûr par la publication d’oeuvres en traduction, maisaussi par un intérêt grandissant pour les revues étrangères, et en particulier françaises,qui se marque par l’emprunt d’articles et surtout par la création de rubriques spécialisées.Le but de ce travail est de mettre en lumière l’existence de relations privilégiées entrerevues grecques et revues françaises comme vecteurs de transferts culturels –qu’il s’agissede la reprise de modèles éditoriaux ou de la circulation de textes, d’idées ou même decollaborateurs–, d’évaluer la part que la traduction prend dans l’établissement de cesrelations et enfin de déterminer si on peut ou non parler dans ces cas de “réseau derevues”, comme cela a été fait dans d’autres contextes européens.

  4. The silencing of Kierkegaard in Habermas' critique of genetic enhancement

    Christiansen, Karin


    to some of the critique, which has been raised against his theory from a number of different scientific disciplines and areas of research. Hence, the first part of the paper is providing some examples of the nature and variety of this critique, the second part presents Habermas own critique of genetic......The main purpose of this paper is to draw attention to an important part of Habermas' critique of genetic enhancement, which has been largely ignored in the discussion; namely his use of Kierkegaard's reflections on the existential conditions for becoming one-self from Either/or and The Sickness...... unto Death. It will be argued that, although Habermas presents some valuable and highly significant perspectives on the effect of genetic enhancement on the individual's self-understanding and ability to experience him- or herself as a free and equal individual, he doesn't succeed in working out...

  5. Out of Time: The Limits of Secular Critique

    Holly Randell-Moon


    Full Text Available A review of Talal Asad, Wendy Brown, Judith Butler, Saba Mahmood, Is Critique Secular? Blasphemy, Injury, and Free Speech and Michael Warner, Jonathan Vanantwerpen, and Craig Calhoun (eds, Varieties of Secularism in a Secular Age.

  6. Critique of Distance Learning Programme in Nigeria: The Case of ...

    Critique of Distance Learning Programme in Nigeria: The Case of National Teachers Institute. ... Journal of Technology and Education in Nigeria ... instructional method, materials and technology used, and library services were highlighted.

  7. Out of time : the limits of secular critique

    Randell-Moon, Holly


    Full Text Available A review of Talal Asad, Wendy Brown, Judith Butler, Saba Mahmood, 'Is critique secular? Blasphemy, injury, and free speech' and Michael Warner, Jonathan Vanantwerpen, and Craig Calhoun (eds, 'Varieties of secularism in a secular age'.

  8. Cultural Journalism and Cultural Critique in a changing Media Landscape

    Nørgaard Kristensen, Nete; From, Unni


    This special issue addresses a topic of journalism studies that has previously been somewhat neglected but which has gained increasing scholarly attention since the mid-2000s: the coverage and evaluation of art and culture, or what we term “cultural journalism and cultural critique.......” In this introduction, we highlight three issues that serve to frame the study of cultural journalism and cultural critique more generally and the eight articles of this special issue more specifically: (1) the constant challenge of demarcating cultural journalism and cultural critique, including the interrelations...... of “journalism” and “critique”; (2) the dialectic of globalisation’s cultural homogenisation, on the one hand, and the specificity of local/national cultures, on the other; and (3) the digital media landscape seen in terms of the need to rethink, perhaps even redefine cultural journalism and cultural critique...

  9. Time and Presence in Agamben’s Critique of Deconstruction

    Doussan, Jenny


    Enmeshed with Agamben’s critique of metaphysics is his critique of deconstruction. Following the sentiment he first outlined in Language and Death: The Place of Negativity (1982), deconstruction’s alleged attempt to displace the privileging of speech with that of writing to thereby dispel the negativity at the core of Western metaphysics, to the contrary has the effect of reifying this problem by expressing its terms most perfectly. Agamben takes this criticism further in the Homo Sacer serie...

  10. HT-ATTENDING: Critiquing the Pharmacologic Management of Essential Hypertension

    Miller, Perry L.; Black, Henry R.


    HT-ATTENDING is a computer system being developed to critique a physician's approach to the pharmacologic management of essential hypertension. The concept of having a computer critique a physician's plan of management (Medical Plan-Analysis) has already been implemented in ATTENDING, a system whose domain is anesthesia management. HT-ATTENDING extends this approach to a new medical domain. HT-ATTENDING's goal is 1) to assist a physician in formulating his approach to the hypertensive patient...

  11. Scaffolding Online Collaborative Critiquing for Educational Video Production

    Yiong Hwee Teo


    Full Text Available In art, design and media education, learning from examples has been an established way to coach students. To derive greater benefits, teachers should get students to go beyond mere studying of examples. This paper focuses on engaging novice learners in collaborative critiquing of real examples of professional work and past student work in the context of producing an educational video project. While critiquing of such works is not new in art education, there is however scant literature on how to involve students in collaborative critiquing in an online environment involving video projects. A four-step critique model was therefore designed as procedural scaffolding and implemented in an online system, Knowledge Community. A group of Singapore pre-service teachers were engaged in online collaborative critiquing of videos before they embarked on their video projects to illustrate what constitutes good and bad video production. This research points to the value of online collaborative critiquing as a way to facilitate novice designers‟ progress towards expertise. In this environment learners are able to look at problems through multiple perspectives, generate their own solutions and build knowledge that uses the overlapping expertise of the online community.

  12. Designing for critique, designing for reflection

    Løfgreen, Lars Bo


    Denne lærebog tilbyder ny viden om design og lærings-processer inden for især nye, konvergerende medier. Den er skrevet på engelsk og redigeret af 3 medieforskere fra Syddansk Universitet. I kapitlerne er designprocesser i en række forskellige medier beskrevet med illustrative eksempler fra film......, tv, computer og mobiltelefon. Såvel design af den enkelte medietekst som kommunikation på tværs af medier adresseres. Yderligere er der fokus på kreative medieskabelsesprocesser, der kan lede til innovation. Bogen er forsynet med arbejdsspørgsmål efter hvert af de 6 kapitler samt en udførlig...... litteraturliste og et stikordsregister. Bogen rummer kapitlerne: “Visual topography: analysing the visual context of an interactive interface” af Lise Agerbæk, “Designing (with) Creativity” af Heidi Philipsen, “Designing for critique, designing for reflection – the (re)emergence of aesthetics in current design...

  13. Art and the critique of the enlightenment

    Novaković Marko


    Full Text Available Summary The aim of this paper is to provide an examination of the concept of aesthetic rationality in the philosophy of art of Theodor W. Adorno, related to his celebrated critique of the enlightenment in The Dialectic of the Enlightenment written with Max Horkheimer. Our main purpose is to show how Adorno’s conception of art responds to a problem posed in the former study, namely that of a dialectical self-enchantment and alienation of subjective reason. In the first two sections is shown how self-preservation of subjective reason leads to its fall into the realm of myth. This turn was dialectically exposed in Adorno’s interpretation of Odysseus’ voyage as prahistory of subjectivity. The next four chapters expose a necessity and mode of critical approach and possibility of a transcendence of this mythical reality of reification in the structure of works of art, especially their form, with its ultimate goal to free individuals from social injustice and unconscious enslavement. Adorno’s account of the dialectics of aesthetic semblance, artistic truth content and immanent law of its form which embodies the consciousness of non-identity provides an ex­planation how modern art mimetically manages to transcend conditions of empirical reality and at the same time offers a plausible model of a “transitive“ rationality, which serves to discover its better possibilities.

  14. The reflexive self and culture: a critique.

    Adams, Matthew


    This article attempts to engage with a tendency in the theorization of social change and self-identity, evident in the work of a number of contemporary social theorists, to place an extended process of reflexivity at the heart of modern identity. As symptomatic of 'neo-modern' accounts of selfhood, critical readings of Giddens, Beck, Castells and some aspects of social theory more generally, and their account of modern reflexivity's relationship to culture, are assessed. In light of these criticisms, ways in which culture might still play an important part in the shaping of identity are considered. The relationship between language, culture and reflexivity, drawing from philosophy, sociology and G. H. Mead's own brand of social psychology, are all utilized in establishing a critique of the role Giddens and others designate for culture in the constitution of the contemporary self. By potentially repositioning self-identity in its connection to culture, the overall bearing of reflexivity upon the processes of self-identity is thus questioned. It is argued that a culturally-situated, yet fluid and multifarious account of self-identity is a necessary analytical and normative alternative.

  15. University Ranking Systems; Criteria and Critiques

    Yavuz SAKA


    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to explore international university ranking systems. As a compilation study this paper provides specific criteria that each ranking system uses and main critiques regarding these ranking systems. Since there are many ranking systems in this area of research, this study focused on only most cited and referred ranking systems. As there is no consensus in terms of the criteria that these systems use, this paper has no intention of identifying the best ranking system based on a comparative analysis. Rather, this paper may inform relevant interest groups in higher education about the ranking systems and their decisive factors as universities attempt to place their names on the most known ranking systems. This study may provide brief but extensive information to Turkish Higher Education researchers and universities as they participate in Erasmus and Mevlana to open their doors to international higher education world. To become one of the top universities, this paper suggests that universities should know and understand the realities of international competitiveness in higher education and based on such understanding they can mold their physical, structural and academic futures toward achieving their visions and foundational missions.

  16. Shifting Lenses: A Critical Examination of Disability in Adult Education

    Rocco, Tonette S.; Delgado, Antonio


    This article critiques the ways adult educators discuss disability. To enhance the discourse on disability from a critical perspective, the authors present concepts and theories from disability studies useful for a critical examination of disability in adult education. Disability should be an important concern for adult education and adult…

  17. Languaging as Agent and Constituent of Cognitive Change in an Older Adult: An Example1

    Merrill Swain


    Full Text Available Abstract Vygotsky’s writings have established the critical importance of language in the development of higher mental functions, including memory and attention. One of the processes involved in this development is languaging, the activity of mediating cognitively complex ideas using language (Swain, 2006. The present study of an older adult with mild cognitive impairment living in a long-term care facility involves Alise (the resident narrating a fragment of her life over time. We investigate the hypothesis that languaging restores aspects of cognitive functioning through a microgenetic analysis of this fragment which was revisited over a two-month period. We demonstrate that languaging mediates Alise’s ability to recall details of this fragment of the life history she is recounting with increasing syntactic and lexical sophistication, thus documenting cognitive change. Résumé Les écrits de Vygotsky ont établi l'importance critique de la langue dans le développement des fonctions mentales supérieures, y compris la mémoire et l'attention. L'un des processus impliqués dans ce développement est le « languaging » (mise en mots, l'activité de médiation cognitive des idées complexes à l’aide de la langue (Swain, 2006. La présente étude d'une personne âgée atteinte de troubles cognitifs légers et vivant dans un établissement de soins de longue durée porte sur Alise (la résidente qui raconte, au cours d’une période de temps, un fragment de sa vie. Nous enquêtons sur l'hypothèse selon laquelle le « languaging » restaure des aspects du fonctionnement cognitif et ce, par le biais d’une analyse microgénétique de ce fragment qui a été revu au cours d’une période de deux mois. Nous démontrons que le « languaging » médiatise la capacité d'Alise de se souvenir des détails de ce fragment de l'histoire de sa vie qu’elle raconte avec une sophistication syntaxique et lexicale croissante, documentant ainsi des

  18. Peut-on penser le travail par le don ? Débat avec la rédaction de la Nouvelle Revue du Travail Conceptualising work as a gift? Debate with editors of the Nouvelle Revue du Travail ¿Es posible pensar el trabajo a través del don? Debate con el comité de redacción de la Nouvelle Revue du Travail

    Alain Caillé


    Full Text Available Dans un échange avec la Nouvelle Revue du Travail, Alain Caillé et Norbert Alter soutiennent leur lecture maussienne des réalités contemporaines du travail en discutant les questions centrales du capitalisme, du salariat, de l’entreprise et du travail sociologique. Cet échange fait suite aux contributions d’Alain Caillé et Norbert Alter dans ce Chorus « Peut-on penser le travail par le don ? De la mise en œuvre du paradigme du don contre-don en sociologie du travail. »In an exchange with the Nouvelle Revue du Travail, Alain Caillé and Norbert Alter pursue their Maussian analysis of the reality of contemporary work by discussing questions that are central to capitalism, wage-earning, enterprise and the sociology of work. This follows their contribution to this issue of Chorus entitled “Conceptualising work as a gift: Implementing the gift/counter-gift paradigm in the sociology of work” (Peut-on penser le travail par le don? De la mise en œuvre du paradigme du don contre-don en sociologie du travail.En el marco de un debate con la Nouvelle Revue du Travail, Alain Caillé y Norbert Alter apoyan su lectura maussiana de las realidades contemporáneas del trabajo en una discusión de los aspectos centrales del capitalismo, del trabajo asalariado, de la empresa y del trabajo sociológico. Ese debate se suscitó a partir de las contribuciones de Alain Caillé y Norbert Alter en este Chorus: “¿Es posible pensar el trabajo a través del don? Acerca de la aplicación del paradigma del don-contradon en sociología del trabajo”.

  19. Malcolm Knowles' Theory of Andragogy: A Critique.

    Hartree, Anne


    The author suggests that Knowles's concept of andragogy offers a philosophical position rather than a unified theory of adult learning. She examines weaknesses of the theory and discusses it in relation to humanistic psychology and existentialism. (SK)

  20. The Subject of Critique: Ricoeur in Dialogue with Feminist Philosophers

    Annemie Halsema


    Full Text Available This paper aims to show the relevance of Ricœur’s notion of the self for postmodern feminist theory, but also to critically assess it. By bringing Ricœur’s “self” into dialogue with Braidotti’s, Irigaray’s and Butler’s conceptions of the subject, it shows that it is close to the feminist self in that it is articulated into language, is embodied and not fully conscious of itself. In the course of the argument, the major point of divergence also comes to light, namely, that the former considers discourse to be a laboratory for thought experiments, while the latter consider discourse to be normative, restrictive and exclusive. In the second part, the possibility of critique and change are further developed. Ricœur does not rule out critique, rather interpretation includes distanciation and critique. Finally, his notion of productive imagination explains how new identifications become possible. 

  1. Ethics as Critique: Foucault’s Contribution to Research Ethics

    Christensen, Gerd

    students. This had a significant impact on the possibilities and educational success of the students: while some students were marginalized or even excluded from the groups (and maybe even from the university) others were subjectivated as successful students. Thus, the findings points at ethics in general......The aim of my talk is to discuss how we can consider Michel Foucault’s concept of ethos and his endeavor for endless critique as an important contribution to research ethics in educational research. First, I intend to outline Foucault’s concept of ethos and its link to his concept of critique...

  2. Doing critique of what design does at Superkilen

    Tietjen, Anne; Riesto, Svava; Haddad, Rana


    bench does through film, photo collage and twisted architectural drawings. We find that design critique can actualise potential of design work by articulating relationships between people and things. To do so, we propose that the critic actively engages in the particular situation rather than judging...... or analysing design work from a distance. Designerly and artistic forms of representation can be vital tools of investigation and articulation of such a critique. Working in the mode of criticality can pinpoint what possibilities are at stake in a particular situation, while it also can problematize doings...

  3. "Critique" Immanent in "practice': New Frankfurt School and American pragmatism


    As a result of a new understanding of the relation between theory and representative,highly values the philosophical tradition of American pragmatism,in contrast to the first generation Critical Theorists represented by Max Horkheimer.In Habermas,the idea of "critique" is,both substantially and methodologically,closely connected with the idea of "praxis" in the following senses:communicative action,rational argumentation,public discussion and political culture."Critique" is thus found to be immanent in "praxis";or,a la Horkheimer,pragmatism turns out to be a "critical philosophical analysis" without "falling back upon objective reason and mythology."

  4. Le rôle politique des revues conservatrices aux Etats-Unis depuis les années 1980

    Marie-Cécile Naves


    Full Text Available L’article vise à étudier, à travers l’exemple de la théorie de la « Fin de l’Histoire » de Fukuyama, en quoi la revue américaine The National Interest est, à l’instar d’autres revues conservatrices, un instrument médiatique crucial pour la diffusion de certains idéaux du Parti Républicain aux Etats-Unis depuis le milieu des années 1980. Il s’agit par là même de réfléchir aux conditions de production et de diffusion de cette théorie, dans un contexte géopolitique et intellectuel exceptionnel, celui de la fin de la guerre froide. L’évolution des liens entre intellectuels et pouvoir politique américains, avec pour enjeu, depuis le début des années 1980, la politique étrangère, sont au cœur de cette réflexion.El artículo intenta estudiar a través del ejemplo de la teoría del « Fin de la Historia » de Fukuyama, hasta que punto la revista americana The National Interest es, a semejanza de otras revistas conservadoras, un instrumento crucial para la difusión de algunos ideales del partido republicano en los estados Unidos desde mediados de los años ochenta. Se trata de reflexionar sobre las condiciones de producción y de difusión de esta teoría, en un contexto geopolítico e intelectual excepcional, el del final de la guerra fría. El centro de esta reflexión es la evolución de las relaciones entre los intelectuales y el poder político americano, teniendo como telón de fondo, la política exterior.The article aims at studying, through the example of Fukuyama’s theory of the « End of History », how the American journal The National Interest, as other conservative journals, has, since the mid 1980s, been a crucial media instrument for the dissemination of some ideals of the Republican Party. We have thus to think about the conditions of production and dissemination of this theory in an exceptional geopolitical and intellectual context – the end of the cold war. The changing links between

  5. The Critique of The Moral Worldview

    Ezra Heymann


    Full Text Available Resumen:El examen de la visión moral del mundo que Hegel realiza en la Fenomenología del Espíritu VI C es polémico y hostil en sus acentos. Sin embargo, las objeciones puntuales a los planteamientos comunes a la ética kantiana y fichteana son justas y deben ser tenidas en cuenta cuando tratamos de rescatar lo que la ética kantiana tiene de convincente.La crítica de Hegel se centra en la relación que se da en todo actuar entre la conciencia y la naturaleza: tanto la naturaleza a la cual la acción se aplica y en medio de la cual se desenvuelve, como la naturaleza interior que alimenta y da fuerza ejecutiva al pensar y querer. Hegel muestra que la reivindicación de una autarquía de la conciencia moral no es sólo quimérica; ella desconoce la razón de ser y la posibilidad interna de la acción. Al poner de manifiesto la esencial incompletitud de todo saber moral, sea en la forma de una conciencia en general, sea en la de una individualidad que se autoafirma, Hegel abre una perspectiva a su noción de espíritu absoluto, entendido como la conciencia que reconoce en la contrariedad y en su insuficiencia su propio y adecuado elemento vital. Abstract:Hegel's examination of the “moral worldview” in his Phenomenology of Spirit , VI C, is anything but friendly. Nevertheless, his precise objections to the common basis of Kant's and Fichte's ethics are justified, and we must give them due attention if we want to work out what we find convincing in Kantian ethics. Hegel's critique focuses on the relationship between consciousness and nature: both the world in which action takes place and develops, and our inner nature which nurtures and gives executive force to our thought and our inclinations. To consider moral consciousness autarchic is not only unrealistic, according to Hegel; it also means to ignore the rationale and the internal possibility of action. By revealing the essential incompleteness of all moral knowledge, this chapter opens a

  6. A pena e a espada: a Revue des Deux Mondes e a intervenção francesa no México

    Maria Ligia Coelho Prado


    Este artigo analisa os textos publicados pela Revue des Deux Mondes a respeito do México, entre 1840 e 1870. A revista expressava a opinião de grupos de intelectuais próximos ao poder político, entendidos aqui como representantes dos interesses nacionais franceses. O México se distinguia, na América Latina, como centro principal de suas atenções. A revista elaborou imagens da França como o mais importante país latino que olhava para sua "irmã de sangue", a nação mexicana, com o desejo de diri...

  7. Cultural Journalism and Cultural Critique in a changing Media Landscape

    Nørgaard Kristensen, Nete; From, Unni


    This special issue addresses a topic of journalism studies that has previously been somewhat neglected but which has gained increasing scholarly attention since the mid-2000s: the coverage and evaluation of art and culture, or what we term “cultural journalism and cultural critique...

  8. Max Weber's Critique of the Bureaucratisation of Education

    Madan, Amman


    In this commentary, the author discusses the critique by Max Weber and his views on bureaucratisation of education. The modern school, said Max Weber (1864-1920) over a hundred years ago, has as its educational ideal the bureaucrat and no longer the cultivated elite of older times. The shift to modernity and to its characteristic institution, the…

  9. Feminism and psychology: critiques of methods and epistemology.

    Eagly, Alice H; Riger, Stephanie


    Starting in the 1960s, many of the critiques of psychological science offered by feminist psychologists focused on its methods and epistemology. This article evaluates the current state of psychological science in relation to this feminist critique. The analysis relies on sources that include the PsycINFO database, the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association (American Psychological Association, 2010), and popular psychology methods textbooks. After situating the feminist critique within the late-20th-century shift of science from positivism to postpositivism, the inquiry examines feminists' claims of androcentric bias in (a) the underrepresentation of women as researchers and research participants and (b) researchers' practices in comparing women and men and describing their research findings. In most of these matters, psychology manifests considerable change in directions advocated by feminists. However, change is less apparent in relation to some feminists' criticisms of psychology's reliance on laboratory experimentation and quantitative methods. In fact, the analyses documented the rarity in high-citation journals of qualitative research that does not include quantification. Finally, the analysis frames feminist methodological critiques by a consideration of feminist epistemologies that challenge psychology's dominant postpositivism. Scrutiny of methods textbooks and journal content suggests that within psychological science, especially as practiced in the United States, these alternative epistemologies have not yet gained substantial influence. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved).

  10. Psychometric Properties of the Gesell Developmental Assessment: A Critique.

    Shepard, Lorrie A.


    Critiques Walker's article in this issue. Argues that Walker's data do not meet technical standards regarding individual placement tests for normative comparisons, interjudge reliability, or predictive validity, and therefore do not justify the use of the Gesell test to place children in developmental kindergarten or transitional first grade. (GLR)

  11. The Critical Purchase of Genealogy: Critiquing Student Participation Projects

    Anderson, Anna


    Until recently the dominant critique of "student participation" projects was one based on the theoretical assumptions of critical theory in the form of critical pedagogy. Over the last decade, we have witnessed the emergence of a critical education discourse that theorises and critically analyses such projects using Foucault's notion of…

  12. A Critique of Botswana's Language Policy from a Translanguaging Perspective

    Bagwasi, Mompoloki Mmangaka


    This paper critiques the language practices and language-in-education policy of Botswana from a translanguaging perspective. By so doing, it revisits our commonly held perceptions about multilingualism, bilingualism and language and its boundary. We commonly perceive languages as autonomous and as having boundaries and we perceive bilingualism or…

  13. Identities in Online Communities: A Young Woman's Critique of Cyberculture

    Guzzetti, Barbara J.


    Cyberculture has been more celebrated as establishing sites of possibilities than critiqued as a source of limitations for identity representation. Few researchers have explored through "in situ" interviews and their own online participation how electronic forums may actually prevent young women's representations of themselves in cyberspace.…

  14. Toward an Ethnic Studies Critique for Teacher Education

    Chung, Jennifer Y.; Harrison, Lisa M.


    In an effort to humanize students of color in teacher education research, this study shifts away from the question, "How can we add students of color?" and instead asks, "How might teacher education programs be transformed to make space for students of color?" To begin, we articulate an ethnic studies critique for teacher…

  15. The Expression of Experience: Code's Critique of Gilligan's Abortion Study.

    Pitt, Alice


    Presents a response to Lorraine Code's critique of Carol Gilligan's abortion study. Urges that abortion be read as a socially constructed experience based on more than women's moral decisions. Discusses language and experience to present abortion as an area of contested meaning in historical and ideological constructions of social life. (DK)

  16. Critiquing War in the Classroom: Professor Positionality, Vulnerability, and Possibility

    Taber, Nancy


    This article describes an analytic autoethnographical research study focusing on my experiences developing, delivering, and evaluating course content critiquing war from a feminist anti-militarist perspective as a pre-tenured faculty member. Themes include: professional vulnerability, student resistance, pedagogical possibility, and scholarly…

  17. Response to Pienemann's Critique of Zhang and Lantolf (2015)

    Lantolf, James P.; Zhang, Xian


    We respond here to Pienemann's critique of our study that appeared earlier this year in the Language Learning Special Issue entitled "Orders and Sequences in the Acquisition of L2 Morphosyntax, 40 Years On" and guest edited by Jan Hulstijn, Rod Ellis, and Søren Eskildsen. Pienemann objected to our claim that the Teachability Hypothesis…

  18. Preservice Elementary Teachers' Critique of Instructional Materials for Science

    Davis, Elizabeth A.


    Science teachers must adapt curriculum materials, so preservice teachers must develop beginning proficiency with this authentic task of teaching. What criteria do they use when they critique these materials in preparation for adapting them, when they develop the criteria themselves and when they are given a set of criteria from which to choose?…

  19. Automated Guidance for Thermodynamics Essays: Critiquing versus Revisiting

    Donnelly, Dermot F.; Vitale, Jonathan M.; Linn, Marcia C.


    Middle school students struggle to explain thermodynamics concepts. In this study, to help students succeed, we use a natural language processing program to analyze their essays explaining the aspects of thermodynamics and provide guidance based on the automated score. The 346 sixth-grade students were assigned to either the critique condition…

  20. New Directions in Education? A Critique of Contemporary Policy Reforms

    Skourdoumbis, Andrew


    This paper draws on facets of Foucault's theoretical resources to critique current education policy reform from within the Australian State of Victoria, namely the Department of Education and Early Childhood Development's (DEECD) discussion paper "New directions for school leadership and the teaching profession." Implicit in the reform…

  1. Critiquing War in the Classroom: Professor Positionality, Vulnerability, and Possibility

    Taber, Nancy


    This article describes an analytic autoethnographical research study focusing on my experiences developing, delivering, and evaluating course content critiquing war from a feminist anti-militarist perspective as a pre-tenured faculty member. Themes include: professional vulnerability, student resistance, pedagogical possibility, and scholarly…

  2. Androgynous Gender Roles in Later Life: Conceptual Critique and Recommendations.

    Wells, Kathleen; McGee, Jeanne

    Recent theoretical formulations by Gutmann and Sinnott about the nature of men's and women's roles in later life are critiqued on conceptual and empirical grounds. This paper proposes a multidimensional conceptualization of gender role that stresses dynamic linkages between psychological and social psychological levels of analysis. Requisites of a…

  3. The silencing of Kierkegaard in Habermas' critique of genetic enhancement.

    Christiansen, Karin


    The main purpose of this paper is to draw attention to an important part of Habermas' critique of genetic enhancement, which has been largely ignored in the discussion; namely his use of Kierkegaard's reflections on the existential conditions for becoming one-self from Either/or and the Sickness unto Death. It will be argued that, although Habermas presents some valuable and highly significant perspectives on the effect of genetic enhancement on the individual's self-understanding and ability to experience him- or herself as a free and equal individual, he does not succeed in working out a consistent argument. The claim is that he fails to explain how the existential analysis is related to his reflections on the sociological and psychological impacts of genetic enhancement in the realm of communicative action. It is this lack of theoretical clarity, which seems to render Habermas vulnerable to some of the critique which has been raised against his theory from a number of different scientific disciplines and areas of research. Hence, the first part of the paper provides some examples of the nature and variety of this critique, the second part presents Habermas' own critique of genetic enhancement in the context of a dispute between so-called 'liberal' and 'conservative' arguments, and finally, the third part discusses the limits and possibilities of his position in a future debate about genetic enhancement.

  4. Critique and Fiction: Doing Science Right in Rural Education Research

    Howley, Craig B.


    This essay explains the relevance of critique in rural education to novels about rural places. The most important quoted passage in the essay is from the noted physicist Richard Feynman: "Science is the belief in the ignorance of experts." Novelist-physicist C. P. Snow, historian Henry Adams, and poet and student-of-mathematics Kelly Cherry also…

  5. Human life symposium: a synopsis and critique.

    Taub, S


    A brief summary of the major issues raised by each address during the Human Life Symposium is presented and critiqued by the author. Multidisciplinary perspectives were solicited concerning the possibility of ascribing personhood status to a fetus. Several speakers addressed the issue of the ability of science to define "person." Science may be able to define stages in an organism's development, but cannot decide what rights and obligations should be accrued at any given stage. In philosophy, a single concept of person does not exist, however science, according to 1 speaker, should be able to develop a definition. The author points out that scientific definitions are generally utilitarian and are molded to fit their eventual purpose and questions the role of science in solving the abortion debate in the US. Waste in the reproductive process was reviewed in terms of the number of ova, sperm, fertilized ova, and implanted embryos that nature prohibits from attaining full reproductive potential as a viable pregnancy. Medical technology has allowed many parents to selectively have offspring free of genetic disease who would not have opted to conceive or continue a pregnancy. Medical advances in fetal treatment and surgery raise new ethical dilemmas including the right of the mother to not consent to treatment or in the case of multiple pregnancy, the right of other fetuses not to be jeopardized to save the life of one fetus. The expected impact of bestowing personhood on a fetus would be seen in the abolition of screening programs, of parents' rights to bear only healthy children, in the increased prevalence of children with abnormalities, in the dilemma which would arise in providing necessary treatment to a woman that would endanger the fetus, in the banning of contraceptives which act after fertilization, and in the incidence of illegal abortion. Attempts to define life in terms of legally accepted definitions of death, i.e., loss of capacity and future potential of

  6. Simulation Frames: Young Adult Dystopian Cinema

    Alison Tedman


    This article examines the ways in which Young Adult dystopian film Divergent (2014) successfully repurposes dystopia for a young demographic, making dystopia an aesthetically appealing space for heroic adventure. The film recombines Young Adult literary tropes with film conventions including those of science fiction. Divergent and other Young Adult dystopian films modify the potential for social critique associated with canonic dystopian fiction. The article’s critical framework includes t...

  7. Simulation Frames: Young Adult Dystopian Cinema

    Alison Tedman


    This article examines the ways in which Young Adult dystopian film Divergent (2014) successfully repurposes dystopia for a young demographic, making dystopia an aesthetically appealing space for heroic adventure. The film recombines Young Adult literary tropes with film conventions including those of science fiction. Divergent and other Young Adult dystopian films modify the potential for social critique associated with canonic dystopian fiction. The article’s critical framework includes t...

  8. Entre-temps, Intertextualité et critique

    Yun Sun Limet


    Full Text Available Pensée pour la critique, la notion d’intertextualité peut, à première vue, sembler redondante ou sans pertinence. Nous montrons, à partir d’un chapitre de Maurice Blanchot tiré de L’Entretien infini, qu’au contraire, elle prend tout son sens comme dimension spécifique de tout texte littéraire.Le texte critique n’est pas seulement ce discours superflu, qui vient se greffer sur les œuvres tel un parasite, il est indissociable de l’écriture même des œuvres, parce qu’il indique, rend visible peut-être, ce que l’œuvre elle-même doit aux œuvres qui l’ont précédée et qu’elle poursuit. Il peut, dans cette perspective, n’être donc pas discursif, mais consti­tuer une dimension du texte, ainsi que le sous-entendait Genette dans Palimpsestes lorsqu’il exemplifiait la catégorie métatextuelle par une référence non explicite (Diderot dans Hegel. On pourra avancer, à partir de la réflexion blancho­tienne, que la critique et l’intertextualité sont une seule et même réalité du texte, si l’on confère à la critique le sens quasi non discursif qu’on peut déduire des propositions de Blanchot dans « Le pont de bois ». En ce sens, l’intertextua­lité critique ne serait pas une sorte de sous-catégorie de l’intertextualité, mais toute intertextualité serait fondamenta­lement critique. Il nous semble que ce lien entre intertextualité et critique ouvre une voie de réflexion sur la dimension temporelle de la littérature. En reprenant la définition lévinassienne du temps, nous suggérons que l’intertextualité révèle la dimension fondamentale à l’autre qui se joue dans la littérature et que cette dimension est le temps.

  9. ‘Toning’ up hypotonia assessment: A proposal and critique

    Pragashnie Govender (nee' Naidoo


    Full Text Available Background: Clinical assessment of hypotonia is challenging due to the subjective nature of the initial clinical evaluation. This poses dilemmas for practitioners in gaining accuracy, given that the presentation of hypotonia can be either a non-threatening or malevolent sign. The research question posed was how clinical assessment can be improved, given the current contentions expressed in the scientific literature.Objectives: This paper describes the development and critique of a clinical algorithm to aid the assessment of hypotonia.Methods: An initial exploratory sequential phase, consisting of a systematic review, a survey amongst clinicians and a Delphi process, assisted in the development of the algorithm, which is presented within the framework of the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. The ensuing critique followed a qualitative emergent–systematic focus group design with a purposive sample of 59 clinicians. Data were analysed using semantical content analysis and are presented thematically with analytical considerations.Results: This study culminated in the development of an evidence-based clinical algorithm for practice. The qualitative critique of the algorithm considered aspects such as inadequacies, misconceptions and omissions; strengths; clinical use; resource implications; and recommendations.Conclusions: The first prototype and critique of a clinical algorithm to assist the clinical assessment of hypotonia in children has been described. Barriers highlighted include aspects related to knowledge gaps of clinicians, issues around user-friendliness and formatting concerns. Strengths identified by the critique included aspects related to the evidence-based nature of the criteria within the algorithm, the suitability of the algorithm in being merged or extending current practice, the potential of the algorithm in aiding more accurate decision-making, the suitability of the algorithm across age groups

  10. Revue critique de trois outils de modélisation intégrée du territoire et de l’environnement pour la planification en amérique du nord.

    Jean-Philippe Waaub


    Full Text Available Le processus de planification territoriale et environnementale a pour objectif de produire à la fois des idées tout autant que de l’information afin d'éclairer et de guider les praticiens en aménagement du territoire vers des décisions dont ils conservent, ultimement, la responsabilité. Il en résulte une complexité tant aux niveaux conceptuel que méthodologique qui impose l’usage d’outils et de méthodes nombreux et variés : méthodes d’enquêtes et de statistiques, systèmes d’information géographique, aide multicritère à la décision, modèles physiques et/ou conceptuels, méthodes de gestion participative etc. Trouver les modalités d’une articulation fonctionnelle entre ces outils et leurs objets nécessite une réflexion sur (1 l’objet d’étude lui-même, (2 le potentiel d’intégration des interactions et des contingences environnement/société par l’outil de modélisation, et (3 le potentiel de synthèse de l’information géographique, en termes d’enjeux soutenant l’aide à la décision. Notre contribution vise à présenter trois outils de modélisation utilisés en planification territoriale et environnementale au cours de ces 25 dernières années en Amérique du Nord. Ces trois outils sont (1 la modélisation cartographique, d’inspiration naturaliste et axée sur l’objectivation du milieu physique, (2 la modélisation visuelle ou géovisualisation, davantage dirigée vers le paysage, et (3 la modélisation spatiale proprement dite qui regroupe les automates cellulaires et les approches multiagents, destinés à la modélisation des interactions fines entre les individus, et entre les individus et leur territoire. Ces trois approches constituent un corpus d’outils dont l’intérêt d’utilisation réside dans le traitement qu’ils permettent d’un aspect en particulier de l’espace géographique : le milieu naturel, le paysage, le territoire, lesquels composent le géosystème.Regional planning process must produce ideas, not only geographical information. Moreover, this process is not intended to substitute to the role of decision-makers but rather to inform them and guide them towards decisions for which they preserve responsibility. There is a large set of tools and methods existing to assume the inherent complexity of regional planning process : statistics and surveys, GIS, multicriteria decision aid, physical and/or conceptual model, participatory methods etc. Finding a functional articulation between these tools and their objects requires a reflection on (1 the object of study itself, (2 the integration capabilities of the tools, and (3 their synthesis capabilities. Here, we are addressing three modeling tools used in territorial and environmental planning during the past 25 years in North America. This tool set is based on (1 ecological mapping where focus is put on the description of natural/physical landscape, (2 landscape-oriented visual modeling or geovisualization, and (3 spatial modelling which includes cellular automata and multiagent systems which use are intended for the detailed modeling of interactions between individuals and between individuals and their living space. These three approaches are forming a corpus of tools that allow us to address one of the aspects of geographical space : the natural environment, the landscape, the territory, which built-up the geosystem.

  11. Les retractions cervicales post-brulure - a propos de 49 cas et revue de la litterature

    Elamrani, D.; Zahid, A.; Aboujaafr, N.; Diouri, M.; Bahechar, N.; Boukind, E.H.


    Summary Les brides cervicales post-brûlure sont la conséquence de brûlures profondes, souvent négligées ou mal prises en charge. Elles affectent la fonction, l’esthétique et l’état psychologique des patients et peuvent être de traitement difficile. A partir d’une étude rétrospective étalée sur une période de six ans (janvier 2002-janvier 2008), nous avons analysé les caractéristiques épidémiologiques et cliniques ainsi que les indications et les résultats thérapeutiques chez 49 patients présentant des brides cervicales post-brûlure, suivis au Centre National des Brûlés et de Chirurgie Plastique de Casablanca. L’enfant et l’adulte jeune sont les plus touchés, avec une légère prédominance féminine (59,2%). Les brûlures domestiques sont les plus fréquentes (93,9%) et l’étiologie de l’accident est dominée par la brûlure thermique (98,0%). Les brides cervicales modérées et sévères (selon la classification d’Achauer) sont les plus fréquentes et représentent respectivement 30,6% et 38,8% des cas. Le traitement chirurgical a fait appel aux greffes cutanées dans 67,3% des cas, aux plasties locales dans 24,5% des cas et aux lambeaux dans 8,2% des cas. Chez les 47 patients suivis à long terme, les résultats fonctionnels et esthétiques sont jugés bons dans 83,0% des cas et moyens dans 8,5% des cas, tandis que les cas restants (8,5%) ont nécessité une reprise chirurgicale. Sur le plan épidémiologique (âge, sexe, caractéristiques de la brûlure) et clinique (localisation des séquelles, formes cliniques), les résultats de notre série sont comparables aux données de la littérature. Le rôle de la prise en charge initiale (excision-greffe précoce, pressothérapie et immobilisation par minerve) dans la réduction de l’incidence et de la sévérité des séquelles de brûlures cervicales est prouvé. Lorsqu’un traitement chirurgical est indiqué, le choix du procédé de réparation dépend essentiellement de

  12. Comment « construire » une littérature nationale ? À propos des deux premières « Revue belge » (1830 et 1835-1843

    Lieven D’hulst


    Full Text Available La construction de la nation belge à partir de 1830 mobilise l’ensemble des pratiques culturelles, la littérature comprise. Mais celle-ci doit composer avec une double attente : s’inféoder aux programmes culturels émanant d’instances nationales qui la privent d’autonomie au moment où sa consœur française cherche à se libérer de la tutelle politique ; vaincre les résistances, dues notamment à la diversité des langues en Belgique, qui s’opposent au projet d’une littérature nationale homogène. L’étude de deux revues belges fondées au début des années 1830 vise à identifier et à analyser les principales procédures de construction littéraires, qui sont pour l’essentiel le fruit de transferts de modèles français. L’article se penche en particulier sur des procédures discursives qui portent sur l’énonciation (postures critiques et historiques, sur l’énoncé (dispositifs narratifs, traductifs, historiques, etc. et sur la langue (français, wallon, flamand.The construction of the Belgian nation from 1830 on makes a strong use of most cultural practices available, including literature. However, Belgian literature has to face at that time two major constraints: the need to subject itself to the larger cultural programs elaborated by national instances that hold back its autonomy at a moment when French literature tries to free itself of political meddlings; the need to supersede internal resistances, caused a.o. by language diversity, against a homogenous national literature. The article identifies and analyzes a number of construction procedures as they appear in two Belgian periodicals issued at the beginnings of the 1830s. More specifically, it concentrates on the most important discursive procedures, that make a dominant use of French models: procedures affecting enunciation, genre and language.De constructie van de Belgische natie vanaf 1830 doet in sterke mate een beroep op de verschillende

  13. reClaiming Space & Dialogue in Adult Education

    Kawalilak, Colleen A.


    This paper critiques current trends in adult education against a backdrop of practice that was once testimony to an educational model that extended beyond formal learning and a business and industry agenda. Adult educators are called upon to reclaim an identity as leaders, in support of a shift in perspective and practice, more aligned to…

  14. Educating Older Adults: Discourses, Ideologies & Policies 1999-2005

    Tobias, Robert


    This article tells the story of policies relevant to education, ageism and older adults between 1999 and 2005. It follows an article published in a previous "New Zealand Journal of Adult Learning" that described and critiqued policy developments between the 1980s and 2001. The story is located in the context of ongoing historical…

  15. What has become of critique? Reassembling sociology after Latour.

    Mills, Tom


    This paper offers a defence of sociology through an engagement with Actor Network Theory (ANT) and particularly the critique of 'critical' and politically engaged social science developed by Bruno Latour. It argues that ANT identifies some weaknesses in more conventional sociology and social theory, and suggests that 'critical' and 'public' orientated sociologists can learn from the analytical precision and ethnographic sensibilities that characterize ANT as a framework of analysis and a research programme. It argues, however, that Latour et al. have too hastily dispensed with 'critique' in favour of a value neutral descriptive sociology, and that the symmetrical and horizontalist approach adopted in ANT is particularly ill-suited to the development of scientific knowledge about social structures. It argues that a more straightforwardly realist sociology would share many of the strengths of ANT whilst being better able to interrogate, empirically and normatively, the centres of contemporary social power. © London School of Economics and Political Science 2017.

  16. Commentary: deconstructing critiques on the internationalization of PTSD.

    de Jong, Joop T V M


    When PTSD entered the DSM, advocacy for the diagnosis was a critical part of advocacy for Vietnam veterans. Over the next two decades, the range of contexts in which this clinical concept was applied increased dramatically. In a recent article in Culture, Medicine and Psychiatry, Breslau (2004) describes PTSD as a "prominent cultural model" to account for suffering as well as the synergy between human rights or political advocacy and traumatic stress advocacy. In this article I question the sequence of steps that Breslau took to critique the internationalization of the PTSD construct. I also question Breslau's critique on our work in Nepal. Finally, I will formulate some future challenges for psychiatry and anthropology to bridge their universalistic and relativistic points of view.

  17. A Methodological Critique of the ProPublica Surgeon Scorecard.

    Friedberg, Mark W; Pronovost, Peter J; Shahian, David M; Safran, Dana Gelb; Bilimoria, Karl Y; Elliott, Marc N; Damberg, Cheryl L; Dimick, Justin B; Zaslavsky, Alan M


    On July 14, 2015, ProPublica published its Surgeon Scorecard, which displays "Adjusted Complication Rates" for individual, named surgeons for eight surgical procedures performed in hospitals. Public reports of provider performance have the potential to improve the quality of health care that patients receive. A valid performance report can drive quality improvement and usefully inform patients' choices of providers. However, performance reports with poor validity and reliability are potentially damaging to all involved. This article critiques the methods underlying the Scorecard and identifies opportunities for improvement. Until these opportunities are addressed, the authors advise users of the Scorecard-most notably, patients who might be choosing their surgeons-not to consider the Scorecard a valid or reliable predictor of the health outcomes any individual surgeon is likely to provide. The authors hope that this methodological critique will contribute to the development of more-valid and more-reliable performance reports in the future.

  18. The Ambivalence of Creative Activism as a Reorganization of Critique

    Harrebye, Silas


    This article identifies an emerging type of critique and defines it as creative activism. It is argued why this is distinguishable from earlier similar forms of protests and shown why traditional theories of political art, social movements and citizenship are in themselves insufficient to accurat......This article identifies an emerging type of critique and defines it as creative activism. It is argued why this is distinguishable from earlier similar forms of protests and shown why traditional theories of political art, social movements and citizenship are in themselves insufficient...... to accurately describe and understand the normative ambivalence of what is also known as culture jamming. Irony and utopia are proposed as analytical concepts supplementing these existing theoretical frameworks. It is also demonstrated how these alternative perspectives can be fruitfully applied to understand...

  19. Recruitment : A critique of contemporary research on child soldiering

    Solheim-Kristiansen, Siri


    Child soldiering is the reality in several historic and contemporary conflicts, and there are numerous case studies and theories discussing the causes and consequences of this phenomenon. In this paper, I critique three of these theories through a comparison with descriptions of conflicts in Nepal, Nigeria, Sri Lanka and Uganda and statistical data from the World Bank Databank. I argue more studies need to be conducted, using a mixed methods framework, to grasp the phenomenon m...

  20. The silencing of Kierkegaard in Habermas' critique of genetic enhancement

    Christiansen, Karin


    The main purpose of this paper is to draw attention to an important part of Habermas' critique of genetic enhancement, which has been largely ignored in the discussion; namely his use of Kierkegaard's reflections on the existential conditions for becoming one-self from Either/or and The Sickness unto Death. It will be argued that, although Habermas presents some valuable and highly significant perspectives on the effect of genetic enhancement on the individual's self-understanding and ability...

  1. The Case of the Awkward Statistics: A Critique of Postdevelopment

    Daniel Clausen


    Nearly a decade after its publication, Arturo Escobar’sEncountering Development remains a classic work of Postdevelopmentand Critical Development Studies, continuing to provide a relevant and devastating critique of development as a discursive tool for ordering and managing the Global South. What remains unanswered in Escobar’s work, however, is whether there is a material reality beyond mere representation that still needs attending to. I find that within Escobar’s work, the thorny problem o...


    Power, Jamie; Lynch, Patrick; Holden, Mary T.


    Prior to the current economic recession, the Irish government has been championing an innovation agenda. However, national and European reports and metrics paint a mixed picture about Ireland’s engagement in and outputs derived from innovation activities. Therefore, a critique of Irish innovation policy is timely and relevant given the renewed emphasis and restricted budgetary support afforded to create new enterprises, markets, export opportunities and employment growth. In short, where inno...

  3. Critiquing 'disability': the Disability Discrimination Act's interplay with society


    This paper presents a critique of the legal constitution of disability employed by the Disability Discrimination Act 1995. The concept of disability employed will be evaluated with reference to current social models of disability. These will be employed to evaluate to what extent, if at all, the Act’s definition accords with the contemporary models of disability. The definition of disability will be deconstructed and by reference to both legal and non-legal sources, key fault areas within the...

  4. Time and Presence in Agamben's Critique of Deconstruction

    Jenny Doussan


    Full Text Available Enmeshed with Agamben’s critique of metaphysics is his critique of deconstruction. Following the sentiment he first outlined in Language and Death: The Place of Negativity (1982, deconstruction’s alleged attempt to displace the privileging of speech with that of writing to thereby dispel the negativity at the core of Western metaphysics, to the contrary has the effect of reifying this problem by expressing its terms most perfectly. Agamben takes this criticism further in the Homo Sacer series by suggesting that not only does deconstruction reiterate the problem of metaphysics, it mimics the conditions of the state of exception as rule in the temporal suspension of its infinite deferral of signification. As a counter to deconstruction’s “thwarted messianism,” in The Time That Remains: A Commentary on the Letter to the Romans (2001, Agamben posits a messianic time immanent to every instant, likening it to both the speech act and the very structure of thought itself. Implicit in this critique is an ongoing concern with temporality and presence that resonates across his corpus, and has grave consequences for his professed fidelity to Walter Benjamin.

  5. Remarques sur la sociologie critique et la sociologie aseptique

    Marcel Rioux (1919-1992


    Full Text Available Article paru pour la première fois dans la revue Sociologie et sociétés, vol. 1, no1, 1969, pp. 53-67, et publié ici avec la permission des Presses de l’Université de Montréal. Il est présenté par Julien Forgues Lecavalier, Marcel Fournier et Jacques Hamel.Marcel Rioux’s text first published in 1969 in Sociologie et Sociétés, vol. 1, no 1, pp. 53-67, and published here with the kind authorization of the Presses de l’Université Laval. This text is introduceded by Julien Forgues Lecavalier, Marcel Fournier and Jacques Hamel.Escrito Marcel Rioux publicado por primera vez enSociologie et Sociétés en 1969, vol. 1, no 1, pp. 53-67, y aquí publicado con la amable autorización de Les Presses de l’Université Laval. Prólogo de Julien Forgues Lecavalier, Marcel Fournier y Jacques Hamel.

  6. Sorcières, 1976-1981. Etude d’une revue féministe. Master 1, Université de Lille III, (dir. Florence Tamagne, 2009

    Caroline Goldblum


    Full Text Available L’aventure Sorcières est une véritable épopée ; celle d’une revue de femmes qui voit le jour en 1976 au beau milieu de la décennie dite « des femmes » et en plein cœur de l’explosion de la presse féministe. Sorcières fut fondée par Xavière Gauthier dans le but de donner ou rendre la parole aux femmes pour qu’elles puissent exprimer leur créativité : « Je voudrais que Sorcières soit un lieu ouvert pour toutes les femmes qui luttent en tant que femmes, qui cherchent et disent (écrivent, chanten...

  7. Revue Imaginaires n°19 « Pop Culture ! Les Cultures populaires aujourd’hui. »

    Labarre, Nicolas


    Ce numéro de la revue Imaginaires, à la couverture des plus réussies, ambitionne d’« interroger à nouveau le concept de "culture populaire" » (10). Il propose pour ce faire une sélection raisonnée de travaux présentés dans le cadre du séminaire « Cultures populaires » du laboratoire interdisciplinaire CIRLEP de l’université de Reims, précédée d’une introduction générale co-signée par les deux animateurs du séminaire, Sylvie Mikovski, et Yann Philippe, spécialistes respectivement d’études irla...

  8. Tuberculome myocardique: localisation inhabituelle de la tuberculoseà propos d'une nouvelle observation avec une revue de la littérature

    Lambatten, Dalal; Hammi, Sanaa; Rhofir, Yasmina; Bourkadi, Jamal Eddine


    Nous rapportons l'observation d'un patient de 50 ans présentant une masse tumorale du ventricule gauche évoluant dans un contexte d'altération de l’état général et de fièvre. Cette masse a été objectivée par l’échocardiographie réalisée pour l'exploration d'une cardiomégalie radiologique. L'aspect en imagerie par résonance magnétique était évocateur d'un tuberculome intra myocardique. A travers notre observation, nous proposons une revue de la littérature sur cette localisation inhabituelle de la tuberculose. PMID:27583096

  9. Consommation de viande et cancer coloréctal chez l'homme : une revue de l'épidémiologie et des mécanismes

    Hallé, Valérie


    Le cancer colorectal est une pathologie quasiment inexistante dans les pays pauvres, et très fréquente dans les pays développés. Le mode de vie et le type d'alimentation occidental ont été incriminés dans l'étiologie du cancer. La revue des études épidémiologiques présentée ici, sur le lien entre alimentation et cancer, suggère que l'ingestion de viandes, notamment les viandes rouges et les charcuteries, augmente le risque de cancer colorectal. Divers composés natifs ou dérivés de la viande p...

  10. From Hamburg to Belem: The Limits of Technocratic Thinking in Adult Learning Education

    Torres, Carlos Alberto


    This article discusses some of the generalized analyses of adult learning education, mostly informed by technocratic thinking, highlighting perceived trends in adult learning education between CONFINTEA V and CONFITEA VI. Those trends could be understood as challenges. Employing a political sociology of adult learning education as a critique of…

  11. From Hamburg to Belem: The Limits of Technocratic Thinking in Adult Learning Education

    Torres, Carlos Alberto


    This article discusses some of the generalized analyses of adult learning education, mostly informed by technocratic thinking, highlighting perceived trends in adult learning education between CONFINTEA V and CONFITEA VI. Those trends could be understood as challenges. Employing a political sociology of adult learning education as a critique of…

  12. Revues anglophones 1

    Rebecca Rogers


    Full Text Available French HistoryHistoire médiévaleBEAM, Amanda, « The Vision of Christine de Pizan », French History, 20, 2006, p. 461-462BOGOMOLETZ, Wladimir V., « Anna of Kiev: An Enigmatic Capetian Queen of the Eleventh Century: A Reassessment of Biographical Sources », French History, 19, 2005, p.299-323.EVANS, Ruth, « Courtly Love Undressed: Reading Through Clothes in Medieval French Culture», French History, 20, 2006, p. 460-461.Histoire ModerneBROOMHALL, Susan, « Poverty, Gender and Incarceration in Six...

  13. The Foucault-Habermas Debate: the Reflexive and Receptive Aspects of Critique

    Hansen, Ejvind


    In this paper I discuss the relationship between two different approaches to critical theory – the reflective and the receptive approaches. I show how it can be fruitful to discuss the relationship between Habermas and Foucault through this distinction. My point is that whereas Habermas focusses...... on critique as a reflexive activity, Foucault mainly focusses on the receptive conditions for critique to be possible. I argue further that Foucault focusses on the receptive aspects of critique, the quest for universality is not as pressing as it is in Habermas’ approach, because problematizing critique can...

  14. Narrating and Critiquing the Avant-Garde in Contemporary China

    Strafella, Giorgio; Berg, DPhil (Oxon), Daria


    The paper discusses the issue of how to understand the assimilation and reception of avant-garde languages in contemporary China, with particular reference to contemporary art. The first part aims at re-assessing the roots of avant-garde art and performance art in Europe and China, starting from a critique of established actor-less narratives in intellectual and art historiography such as 'influx', 'arrival' and 'invasion'. The history of avant-garde languages in China is re-visited from the ...

  15. Camera monologue: Cultural critique beyond collaboration, participation, and dialogue

    Suhr, Christian


    Cameras always seem to capture a little too little and a little too much. In ethnographic films, profound insights are often found in the tension between what we are socially taught to perceive, and the peculiar non-social perception of the camera. Ethnographic filmmakers study the worlds of huma...... experiment, I imagine what different cameras might reply to these questions if they could speak. In doing so, I call attention to ethnographic filmmaking as a more-than-human, more-than-collaborative, and more-than-dialogical mode of cultural critique....

  16. Some Notes and Critiques of Selected Lexicographic Texts in Bikol

    Louward Allen Zubiri


    Full Text Available This study revolves around notes and critiques of Bikol lexicography. Based on a selection of six dictionaries, the structure and diachronic development of Bikol lexicography were analyzed. Half of the selected dictionaries were authored in full or part by Malcolm Mintz, a renowned Bikol expert. These enabled a linear analysis of changes in lexicography that have occurred within the span of four decades. The dictionaries studied include the earliest and most influential Bikol dictionary of Lisboa (1865. The study presents a preliminary description of lexicographic work done in Bikol and traces the shift in the paradigm of dictionary making from the Spanish era to the present.

  17. A Critique of `Trees as a Local Climatic Wind Indicator'.

    Hennessey, Joseph P., Jr.


    This comment reviews many of the problems associated with using deformed vegetation as an indicator of mean annual wind speed and wind power potential. It critiques the Wade and Hewson (1979) use of a `jackknife technique' to estimate prediction errors for mean annual wind speeds and presents a reanalysis of the data. It is concluded that the available evidence still suggests that wind deformed trees will prove to be unreliable as well as imprecise estimators of either mean annual wind speeds or more complicated quantities such as wind power potential.

  18. Karl-Otto Apel and the Critique of Meaning

    Gustavo Salerno


    Full Text Available This work emphasizes the influence in Apel of the named Critique of Meaning developed by Wittgenstein and Peirce. We reconstruct the foundations of the recognitionof a linguistic a priori, and of the semiotic-anthropological radicalization, that leads to the conception that man can be understood as thought-sign. It also shows the way Apel believes that such thought-sign is inscribed in the context of a supraindividualenviroment, where it develops its own individuality. From that approach, a transformation of the subject function in the interpreter function of the signs has to be done in order to create a new answer to the problem of intersubjectivity.

  19. A Critique of the 'American Accent' and Linguistic Imperialism



    Linguistic imperialism has been widespread throughout the world, especially when English has become the dominant has brought about the abundance of a lot of training programmes and websites such as essay analyses this website from the perspectives of micro- and macro-indexicalities and presents a critique of the linguistic imperialism.Moreover, the article gives suggestions as to how to take advantage of the language resources for our best benefit and at the same time how to resist the linguistic hegemony in our teaching and learning of the English language.

  20. Perversion and pathology: a critique of psychoanalytic criticism in art

    Lucille Holmes


    Full Text Available For over three decades, Jacques Lacan denounced ego psychology for its emphasis on a strong and well-adapted ego. This article recruits the principle of that critique to examine the use of psychoanalytic theories in contemporary art criticism, with specific focus on the subject of perversion, Freudo-Lacanian psychoanalysis, and the work of art critic Donald Kuspit. The discussion examines the main influences and concepts in Kuspit's psychoanalytic criticism, analyses specific differences between this psychoanalytic model and a Lacanian theory of perversion and desire, and considers the effect of these differences in the interpretation of art.

  1. Students' Talk about the Climate of Feedback Interventions in the Critique

    Dannels, Deanna P.; Housley Gaffney, Amy L.; Martin, Kelly Norris


    Similar to many courses in communication, oral communication is central to the learning goals in the discipline of design. Design critiques, the primary communication activity in design classrooms, occur in every studio course multiple times. One key feature of the critique, as an oral genre, is the amount of time and emphasis placed on feedback.…

  2. Adam Smith and the Educative Critique: A Response to My Commentators

    Weinstein, Jack Russell


    This paper is both a response to the four reviewers in a special symposium on my book Adam Smith's Pluralism and a substantive discussion of philosophy of education. In it, I introduce what I call "the educative critique," a mode of analysis similar to Marxist, feminist, or postcolonial critiques, but focusing on the educative role of a…

  3. Challenging the Limits of Critique in Education through Morin's Paradigm of Complexity

    Alhadeff-Jones, Michel


    The position adopted in this paper is inspired by Edgar Morin's paradigm of complexity and his critique of scientific and philosophical forms of reductionism. This paper is based on research focusing on the diversity of conceptions of critique developed in academic discourses. It aims to challenge the fragmentation and the reduction framing the…

  4. The Class Critique: Get Beginning Art Students to Talk about Art

    Overby, Alexandra


    Tired of hearing grumbling and moaning when it is time for critiques? It has been the author's experience that students do not do well in critiques because of two main things: (1) being shy about displaying their work; and (2) not knowing the right vocabulary to use to support their like (or dislike) of others' work. In this article, the author…

  5. Challenging the Limits of Critique in Education through Morin's Paradigm of Complexity

    Alhadeff-Jones, Michel


    The position adopted in this paper is inspired by Edgar Morin's paradigm of complexity and his critique of scientific and philosophical forms of reductionism. This paper is based on research focusing on the diversity of conceptions of critique developed in academic discourses. It aims to challenge the fragmentation and the reduction framing the…

  6. Alienation in Mathematics Education: Critique and Development of Neo-Vygotskian Perspectives

    Williams, Julian


    This paper aims to critique and develop neo-Vygotskian work in mathematics education from (i) within the Vygotskian and activity theoretic tradition, and where necessary from (ii) a Bourdieusian perspective. First, I critique Roth and Radford's (2011) version of Cultural-historical Activity Theory, suggesting that a classroom episode presented as…

  7. Adam Smith and the Educative Critique: A Response to My Commentators

    Weinstein, Jack Russell


    This paper is both a response to the four reviewers in a special symposium on my book Adam Smith's Pluralism and a substantive discussion of philosophy of education. In it, I introduce what I call "the educative critique," a mode of analysis similar to Marxist, feminist, or postcolonial critiques, but focusing on the educative role of a…

  8. Margaret Cavendish's materialist critique of van Helmontian chymistry.

    Clucas, Stephen


    A striking omission in the scholarship on the reception of the chymical philosophy of Jan Baptista van Helmont in England in the seventeenth century is the work of the mid-seventeenth-century natural philosopher Margaret Cavendish, Duchess of Newcastle. In her Philosophical Letters (1664), Cavendish offers an extended critique of Van Helmont's work (whose Ortus Medicince had recently been translated into English by John Sadler). In this paper, I compare Cavendish's criticisms with those of Robert Boyle in his Sceptical Chymist (1661). Both Boyle and Cavendish attacked Van Helmont for the obscurity of his chymical vocabulary and concepts, and attacked his seminalism. Although their critiques had much in common, they diverged in their attitudes to Van Helmont's experiments. As an opponent of the experimental philosophy, Cavendish had little interest in the quality of Van Helmont's experimental claims, whereas Boyle was critical of their unreplicability. I also try to show that the two writers had very different polemical agendas, with Boyle defending his vision of chymistry based on a corpuscularian natural philosophy, and Cavendish being as much concerned with establishing her religious orthodoxy as with defending the truth claims of her own materialist vitalism. For Cavendish, Van Helmont was an example of the dangers of mingling theology and natural philosophy.

  9. Debating DSM-5: diagnosis and the sociology of critique.

    Pickersgill, Martyn D


    The development of the fifth edition of the American Psychiatric Association's Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders-the DSM-5-has reenergised and driven further forward critical discourse about the place and role of diagnosis in mental health. The DSM-5 has attracted considerable criticism, not least about its role in processes of medicalisation. This paper suggests the need for a sociology of psychiatric critique. Sociological analysis can help map fields of contention, and cast fresh light on the assumptions and nuances of debate around the DSM-5; it underscores the importance of diagnosis to the governance of social and clinical life, as well as the wider discourses critical commentaries connect with and are activated by. More normatively, a sociology of critique can indicate which interests and values are structuring the dialogues being articulated, and just how diverse clinical opinion regarding the DSM can actually be. This has implications for the considerations of health services and policy decision-makers who might look to such debates for guidance. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to

  10. Back to Hegel? On Gillian Rose's critique of sociological reason.

    Fuller, Brian W


    Thirty-five years ago, Gillian Rose articulated a significant critique of classical sociological reason, emphasizing its relationship to its philosophical forebears. In a series of works, but most significantly in her Hegel contra Sociology, Rose worked to specify the implications of sociology's failure, both in its critical Marxist and its 'scientific' forms, to move beyond Kant and to fully come to terms with the thought of Hegel. In this article, I unpack and explain the substance of her criticisms, developing the necessary Hegelian philosophical background on which she founded them. I argue that Rose's attempted recuperation of 'speculative reason' for social theory remains little understood, despite its continued relevance to contemporary debates concerning the nature and scope of sociological reason. As an illustration, I employ Rose to critique Chernilo's recent call for a more philosophically sophisticated sociology. From the vantage point of Rose, this particular account of a 'philosophical sociology' remains abstract and rooted in the neo-Kantian contradictions that continue to characterize sociology. © London School of Economics and Political Science 2017.

  11. Usability Guidelines for Product Recommenders Based on Example Critiquing Research

    Pu, Pearl; Faltings, Boi; Chen, Li; Zhang, Jiyong; Viappiani, Paolo

    Over the past decade, our group has developed a suite of decision tools based on example critiquing to help users find their preferred products in e-commerce environments. In this chapter, we survey important usability research work relative to example critiquing and summarize the major results by deriving a set of usability guidelines. Our survey is focused on three key interaction activities between the user and the system: the initial preference elicitation process, the preference revision process, and the presentation of the systems recommendation results. To provide a basis for the derivation of the guidelines, we developed a multi-objective framework of three interacting criteria: accuracy, confidence, and effort (ACE). We use this framework to analyze our past work and provide a specific context for each guideline: when the system should maximize its ability to increase users' decision accuracy, when to increase user confidence, and when to minimize the interaction effort for the users. Due to the general nature of this multi-criteria model, the set of guidelines that we propose can be used to ease the usability engineering process of other recommender systems, especially those used in e-commerce environments. The ACE framework presented here is also the first in the field to evaluate the performance of preference-based recommenders from a user-centric point of view.

  12. Humanism and its critiques in nursing research literature.

    Traynor, Michael


    This paper raises for debate the issue of how humanist ideas have been taken up by nurse scholars, particularly in research literature. Many nurses from the mid-1970s onwards have described and promoted humanism as an appropriate philosophical basis for nursing practice and research. This has been partly in an attempt to sharply differentiate the profession from medicine, and later, managerialism, which have been represented as reductionist and failing to adequately respond to the whole patient. A summary of definitions of humanism and critiques of humanism in broad philosophical literature is followed by an examination and critique of literature appearing in PubMed published within nursing scholarship from 1976 to 2007 which discusses or promotes humanism in nursing practice or research. Writers have attempted to enhance the importance of nursing by associating it with the humanistic project of accepting responsibility for realizing our human potential. They have promoted a version of research which is qualitative and centres on understanding individual lifeworlds of research participants because of a strong valuing of the experiences and perspectives of the individual. Much of the literature on this topic describes this humanism in dualistic contrast to medico-scientific reductionism and objectivity. Some of the presentations of humanistic nursing lack rigour and can be seen as doing little more than reproducing professional ideology. Scholars and others in the field of nursing could take the trouble to submit these ideologies to proper scrutiny.

  13. Beyond critique: rethinking roles for the anthropology of mental health.

    Whitley, Rob


    The current supremacy of the 'bio-bio-bio' model within the discipline of psychiatry has progressively marginalized social science approaches to mental health. This situation begs the question, what role is there for the anthropology of mental health? In this essay, I contend that there are three essential roles for the anthropology of mental health in an era of biological psychiatry. These roles are to (i) provide a meaningful critique of practices, beliefs, and movements within current psychiatry; (ii) illuminate the socio-cultural, clinical, and familial context of suffering and healing regarding emotional distress/mental illness; and (iii) act as a catalyst for positive change regarding healing, services and provisions for people with emotional distress/mental illness. My argument is unified by my contention that a credible anthropology of mental health intending to make a societal contribution should offer no opposition without proposition. In other words, any critique must be counter-balanced by the detailing of solutions and proposals for change. This will ensure that the anthropology of mental health continues to contribute critical knowledge to the understanding of mental suffering, distress, and healing. Such social and cultural approaches are becoming especially important given the widespread disenchantment with an increasingly dominant biological psychiatry.

  14. Measuring Graph Comprehension, Critique, and Construction in Science

    Lai, Kevin; Cabrera, Julio; Vitale, Jonathan M.; Madhok, Jacquie; Tinker, Robert; Linn, Marcia C.


    Interpreting and creating graphs plays a critical role in scientific practice. The K-12 Next Generation Science Standards call for students to use graphs for scientific modeling, reasoning, and communication. To measure progress on this dimension, we need valid and reliable measures of graph understanding in science. In this research, we designed items to measure graph comprehension, critique, and construction and developed scoring rubrics based on the knowledge integration (KI) framework. We administered the items to over 460 middle school students. We found that the items formed a coherent scale and had good reliability using both item response theory and classical test theory. The KI scoring rubric showed that most students had difficulty linking graphs features to science concepts, especially when asked to critique or construct graphs. In addition, students with limited access to computers as well as those who speak a language other than English at home have less integrated understanding than others. These findings point to the need to increase the integration of graphing into science instruction. The results suggest directions for further research leading to comprehensive assessments of graph understanding.

  15. The Utopianisation of Critique: The Tension between Education Conceived as a Utopian Concept and as One Grounded in Empirical Reality

    Borrelli, Michele


    Critique is a concept that is constantly used as an instrument for agreement or disagreement, for reflection and discussion. There is a difference, however, between critique as a historically grounded phenomenon and critique as a utopian conception not situated in any particular socio-historical context. Educational theory resists reduction to…

  16. The Critique of Deliberative Discussion. A Response to "Education for Deliberative Democracy: A Typology of Classroom Discussions"

    Backer, David I.


    My response to Samuelsson's (2016) recent essay offers a different paradigm with which to think about education, deliberative discussion and democracy. I call this paradigm the critique of deliberative discussion. Following Ruitenberg's application of Mouffe's critiques of deliberative democracy to education, the critique of deliberative…

  17. JournalBase - Une étude comparative internationale des bases de données des revues scientifiques en sciences humaines et sociales (SHS

    Christine Kosmopoulos


    Full Text Available Pour la première fois en 2009 ont été ici présentés dans un tableau comparatif les contenus des bases de données qui recensent les revues en sciences humaines et sociales (SHS, du Web of Science (publié par Thomson Reuters et de Scopus (publié par Elsevier ainsi que des listes de référence European Reference Index for Humanities (ERIH (publiée par la Fondation européenne pour la Science et de l'AERES. Avec quelque 20 000 entrées, c’est une vue quasi exhaustive de la richesse des publications en sciences humaines et sociales qui est enfin apportée par ce tableau. La nomenclature adoptée pour classer les revues par discipline est celle en 27 postes de la Fondation Européenne pour la Science. Les affectations multiples révèlent la multidisciplinarité des revues, assez fréquente en SHS, mais parfois aussi les incohérences des bases de données qui n’ont pas été rectifiées.La recherche a été réalisée en 2008 avec le soutien financier du TGE Adonis du CNRS.Une mise à jour prochaine sera proposée en ligne.L’objectif final de ce projet, qui concerne l'ensemble de la communauté internationale en SHS, était de mettre en ligne, en version bilingue anglais/français, la base de données de JournalBase en mode interactif sur une plate-forme collaborative ainsi que le rapport final de l’étude, afin que les décideurs, les scientifiques, les experts de l'information scientifique disposent d’informations à jour et qu’ils puissent contribuer à faire avancer la réflexion sur ces questions, par l’échange d’expériences et de bonnes pratiques d’utilisation.Un article présentant l'historique du projet, la méthodologie mise en place et les difficultés rencontrées dans la comparaison des données a été publié le 8 janvier 2010. Il analyse également les premiers résultats.Désormais vous pouvez accéder à l'information intégrale de JournalBase sur le site :

  18. A critique of criteria for evaluating vaccines for inclusion in mandatory school immunization programs.

    Opel, Douglas J; Diekema, Douglas S; Marcuse, Edgar K


    Several new vaccines for children and young adults have been introduced recently and now appear on the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices' recommended childhood and adolescent immunization schedule (meningococcal, rotavirus, human papillomavirus). As new vaccines are introduced, states face complex decisions regarding which vaccines to fund and which vaccines to require for school or child care entry. This complexity is evidenced by the current debate surrounding the human papillomavirus vaccine. We present a critique to the approach and criteria for evaluating vaccines for inclusion in mandatory school immunization programs that have been adopted by the Washington State Board of Health by illustrating how these criteria might be applied to the human papillomavirus vaccine. We conclude that these 9 criteria can help ensure a deliberate and informed approach to important public policy decisions, but we argue that several clarifications of the review process are needed along with the addition of a 10th criterion that ensures that a new vaccine mandate relates in some manner to increasing safety in the school environment.

  19. Beyond Construction: Five arguments for the role and value of critique in learning science

    Henderson, J. Bryan; MacPherson, Anna; Osborne, Jonathan; Wild, Andrew


    This paper argues that science education has overemphasized the importance of construction at the expense of critique. In doing so, it draws on two key premises-Ford's argument that the construction of knowledge requires a dialectic between construction and critique and Mercier and Sperber's theory of argumentative reasoning that critique is essential for epistemic vigilance. Five separate cases are presented which argue that the absence of critique within school science limits the opportunities for students to engage in scientific reasoning making the learning of science less effective. These five arguments incorporate research literature surrounding the nature of science, epistemology, literacy, pedagogy, and motivation. Furthermore, we draw on data collected from cognitive think-aloud interviews to show that students can, with the appropriate prompts, engage in the important epistemic activity of critique. We conclude by examining the implications for the teaching and learning of science. In essence, we argue that the undervaluing of critique within the curriculum and pedagogy of school science results in a failure to develop the analytical faculties which are the valued hall mark of the practicing scientist; a misrepresentation of the nature of science; and, more importantly, a less effective learning experience. Critique, therefore, needs to play a central role in the teaching and learning of science.

  20. Scaffolding Students' Online Critiquing of Expert- and Peer-generated Molecular Models of Chemical Reactions

    Chang, Hsin-Yi; Chang, Hsiang-Chi


    In this study, we developed online critiquing activities using an open-source computer learning environment. We investigated how well the activities scaffolded students to critique molecular models of chemical reactions made by scientists, peers, and a fictitious peer, and whether the activities enhanced the students' understanding of science models and chemical reactions. The activities were implemented in an eighth-grade class with 28 students in a public junior high school in southern Taiwan. The study employed mixed research methods. Data collected included pre- and post-instructional assessments, post-instructional interviews, and students' electronic written responses and oral discussions during the critiquing activities. The results indicated that these activities guided the students to produce overall quality critiques. Also, the students developed a more sophisticated understanding of chemical reactions and scientific models as a result of the intervention. Design considerations for effective model critiquing activities are discussed based on observational results, including the use of peer-generated artefacts for critiquing to promote motivation and collaboration, coupled with critiques of scientific models to enhance students' epistemological understanding of model purpose and communication.

  1. A pena e a espada: a Revue des Deux Mondes e a intervenção francesa no México

    Maria Ligia Coelho Prado


    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa os textos publicados pela Revue des Deux Mondes a respeito do México, entre 1840 e 1870. A revista expressava a opinião de grupos de intelectuais próximos ao poder político, entendidos aqui como representantes dos interesses nacionais franceses. O México se distinguia, na América Latina, como centro principal de suas atenções. A revista elaborou imagens da França como o mais importante país latino que olhava para sua "irmã de sangue", a nação mexicana, com o desejo de dirigir seus passos. Os artigos lembravam o glorioso passado da França e insistiam na necessidade do país se interpor ao avanço, na região, de sua grande rival, a Grã-Bretanha, e da nova "ameaça", os Estados Unidos. Os articulistas estimularam seus leitores a pensarem a França como grande potência colocada em lugar de preeminência internacional legitimado por sua história, cultura e civilização.

  2. A Short Historical Review of Fast Pyrolysis of Biomass Une brève revue historique de la pyrolyse rapide de la biomasse

    Radlein D.


    Full Text Available In this short review, we survey the historical progress of fast pyrolysis technologies for thermochemical liquefaction of biomass to produce so-called "bio-oil". Our focus is on the potential applications of bio-oil as a liquid fuel for heat and power generation. We point out some of the inherent properties of bio-oil that create difficulties standing in the way of these applications. Finally, we take a brief look at some processes that aim to valorize bio-oil by conversion to higher value liquid fuel products. Dans cette revue nous nous proposons de dresser un rappel historique des progrès relatifs aux technologies de liquéfaction thermochimiques par pyrolyse rapide, encore appelée pyrolyse flash, de la biomasse pour produire ce que l’on appelle communément une "bio-huile". Nous insisterons sur ses applications comme combustible liquide pour la production de chaleur et d’électricité. Nous ferons ressortir quelques propriétés spécifiques aux bio-huiles qui peuvent créer des difficultés d’usage. Nous terminerons par un bref aperçu de quelques procédés permettant de valoriser la bio-huile en carburants liquides de plus forte valeur ajoutée.

  3. Carcinome épidermoïde Primitif de la Prostate: A propos d’un cas et revue de la littérature

    A. Bahloul


    Full Text Available Le cancer de la prostate est la tumeur maligne la plus fréquente chez l’homme. La grande majorité des tumeurs de la prostate est représentée par l’adénocarcinome prostatique (jusqu’à 95%. Le carcinome épidermoïde primitif est très rare et ne représente que 0,5% à 1% des carcinomes prostatiques. Jusqu’à 2014 seulement 24 cas ont été décrits dans la littérature. Nous rapportons un nouveau cas de carcinome épidermoide primitif de la prostate chez un jeune âgé de 48 ans diagnostiqué à un stade métastatique. Malgré une chimiothérapie à base de Cisplatine et Métoxantrone, le décès est survenu 2 mois après le diagnostic. A travers cette observation et une revue de la littérature, nous discutons les différents aspects cliniques, histologiques, thérapeutiques et pronostiques de cette tumeur.

  4. Thrombasthénie de Glanzmann et grossesse: à propos d'un cas et revue de la littérature

    Rachad, Myriam; Chaara, Hikmat; Fdili, Fatim Zahra; Jayi, Sofia; Bouguern, Hakimat; Melhouf, Moulay Abdelilah


    La thrombasthenie de Glanzmann est une anomalie plaquettaire qualitative, à transmission autosomale récessive, due à un déficit en glycoprotéine IIb/IIIa (GPIIb/IIIa), avec un défaut d'agrégation plaquettaire. Il en résulte une perturbation de l'hémostase primaire, à l'origine d'hémorragie plus ou mois importantes. Nous rapportons l'observation de N.A, âgée de 32 ans, suivie depuis l'enfance pour maladie de Glanzmann, troisième pare, avec deux accouchements par voie basse et une césarienne programmée, compliqués tous les trois par hémorragie de délivrance, jugulée avec succés. La grossesse chez une patiente thrombo-asthenique reste rare, peu de cas jusqu'à présent, sont décrits. A travers cette observation, et à la lumière d'une revue de la littérature, nous allons essayer surtout, de mettre le point sur la prise en charge de cette association délicate, qui met en jeu, à chaque fois, le pronostic vital maternel. PMID:22384307

  5. From Cultural Deprivation to Individual Deficits: A Genealogy of Deficiency in Inuit Adult Education

    McLean, Scott


    Adult education programs are often grounded in problematic assumptions about learners' inadequacies. The purpose of this article is to critique such assumptions through presenting a history of the manner in which representatives of Canadian governments conceptualized the education of Inuit adults from the 1940s through the 1980s. Using…

  6. Individual Autonomy or Social Engagement? Adult Learners in Neoliberal Times

    McLean, Scott


    Numerous scholars have documented and critiqued the predominance of neoliberal policies and rationalities shaping adult and continuing education around the world. Contemporary sociologists have argued that neoliberal citizens are characterized by hyperindividuality and a strong sense of personal autonomy. Self-help reading is widely viewed as one…

  7. Compulsory creativity – a critique of cognitive capitalism

    Larsen, Steen Nepper


    strategies, depriving them their natural, social and individual qualities. The aim of this article is to renew and sharpen a critique of the new type of capitalism and to foster some normative bricks that might be able to inspire alternative ways of thinking and living. Keywords: Cognitive capitalism......Contemporary capitalism can be labelled cognitive capitalism. In this dynamic, demanding and extremely transformative mode of production, knowledge becomes a strategic force of production and an important commodity, while concepts and ideas become items. This article sheds light on some...... of the implications of the emergence of a cognitive capitalism. In response to modern oxymorons, such as compulsory creativity and mandatory originality, this article offers various attempts to interpret and criticise how human inventiveness and a whole range of externalities get attuned to economic and market...

  8. Identité narrative collective et critique sociale

    Alain Loute


    Full Text Available For many authors, the transformations of capitalism have had the effect of causing suffering (stress, stigmatization, disaffiliation, etc.. whose social dimension is not recognized. For Emmanuel Renault, theoretical critique can analyze these new sufferings and become a "spokesman" giving voice to suffering beings. In this article, the author proposes to problematize this form of critical intervention, building on Paul Ricœur's reflections on the issue of the dispossession of the actors’ power to recount their actions themselves. If Renault’s intervention makes sense in relation to the ideologization of narrative identity, it remains unsatisfactory against “internal” resistances to the emplotment of the self. Ricœur’s analysis of the analytic experience teaches us that these resistances cannot be lifted through mere intellectual understanding and that the narrative restructuration of the personality must sometimes take the form of real work.

  9. A Critique of Block on Abortion and Child Abandonment

    Jakub Bożydar Wiśniewski


    Full Text Available The present paper offers a critique of Block on the issues of abortion and child abandonment. Block regards aborting a fetus or abandoning a child as an instance of exercising one’s libertarian right of expelling trespassers from one’s private property. I argue that the above reasoning is flawed due to the lack of the appreciation of the fact that if one voluntarily initiates the causal chain which leads to someone else ending up on his property, the latter person cannot be considered a trespasser. Furthermore, in the light of the above observation, any direct effects resulting from that person’s eviction should be considered the responsibility of the property’s owner. All of this follows from the simple logical fact that in all links of the causal chain under consideration the owner is the ultimate causal agent.

  10. Subjective from the start: A critique of transformative criticism.

    Milliken, Aimee


    Objectivity has been traditionally established as an aim of science; however, its feasibility and desirability have been repeatedly called into question. In this article, I provide a brief overview of the historical context surrounding the concept of objectivity in science. I then examine Helen Longino's theory of transformative criticism as an example of an attempt to secure scientific objectivity through the social nature of the scientific process. Possible objections to this critique are discussed, and ultimately, I argue that her account falls short in securing scientific objectivity. I briefly discuss objectivity and its relationship to human sciences such as nursing. I conclude by arguing that achieving complete objectivity in science is neither possible nor desirable.

  11. Critique and cure: a dream of uniting psychoanalysis and philosophy.

    Webster, Jamieson


    Critical theory, whose aim was to historicize philosophy through integrating it with the social sciences, turned to psychoanalysis to find its way through an accounting of philosophy after the Second World War. Over 50 years after this initial project, the rift between philosophy and psychoanalysis has never been greater. If Jacques Lacan could be considered one of the few psychoanalysts to maintain and foster links to philosophical thought in the latter half of the 20th century, his work has sadly remained marginal in the clinical field throughout America and Europe. Both critical theory and Lacan remain skeptical of the direction taken by psychoanalysis after Freud. Reflecting on the history of these two disciplines, as well as through an examination of Theodor Adorno's posthumously published dream journal, critique and cure emerge as two dialectically intertwined themes that gain momentum in the dream of the unification of the philosophical and psychoanalytic projects.

  12. Participation, Power, Critique: Constructing a Standard for Electronic Patient Records

    Bossen, Claus


      The scope of participatory design is discussed through the case of a national standard for electronic patient records (EPR) in Denmark. Currently within participatory design, the relationship between participatory methods and techniques on the one hand and critical and emancipatory aims...... on the other hand is discussed. Some argue that participation in itself entails a strive towards democracy, others argue that the tendency to focus upon tools, techniques and the arena of single projects should be supplemented with emancipatory aims, such as technology assessment and critique of dominance...... participation, power, methodology and knowledge. Finally, standards can be crucial cases to engage in for participatory design, since they affect the work of many people and call for a focus on arenas beyond the single design project, which is the focus of many participatory design cases....

  13. Ernesto Laclau and Critical Media Studies: Marxism, Capitalism, and Critique

    Schou, Jannick


    im-plications have been either overlooked or forgotten altogether. This paper seeks to reflect on the po-tentials and obstacles within Laclau’s work for critical media studies by engaging with the role of Marx-ism, capitalism and critique. First, the paper addresses the relation between Marxism......Ernesto Laclau’s post-Marxist discourse theory is increasingly utilised within media studies in order to investigate discourses circulating about, within, and through media. Discourse theory has proved itself to be a productive theoretical asset that can yield important empirical insights...... and needs to receive further attention by future research. By providing an extended discussion of Laclau’s own work, this paper seeks to contribute to the critical application of discourse theory within the field of media studies and contribute to the on-going dialogue between Marxism, post...

  14. Compulsory creativity – a critique of cognitive capitalism

    Larsen, Steen Nepper


    Contemporary capitalism can be labelled cognitive capitalism. In this dynamic, demanding and extremely transformative mode of production, knowledge becomes a strategic force of production and an important commodity, while concepts and ideas become items. This article sheds light on some...... of the implications of the emergence of a cognitive capitalism. In response to modern oxymorons, such as compulsory creativity and mandatory originality, this article offers various attempts to interpret and criticise how human inventiveness and a whole range of externalities get attuned to economic and market...... strategies, depriving them their natural, social and individual qualities. The aim of this article is to renew and sharpen a critique of the new type of capitalism and to foster some normative bricks that might be able to inspire alternative ways of thinking and living. Keywords: Cognitive capitalism...

  15. Constructivism in Science and Science Education: A Philosophical Critique

    Nola, Robert

    This paper argues that constructivist science education works with an unsatisfactory account of knowledge which affects both its account of the nature of science and of science education. The paper begins with a brief survey of realism and anti-realism in science and the varieties of constructivism that can be found. In the second section the important conception of knowledge and teaching that Plato develops in the Meno is contrasted with constructivism. The section ends with an account of the contribution that Vico (as understood by constructivists), Kant and Piaget have made to constructivist doctrines. Section three is devoted to a critique of the theory of knowledge and the anti-realism of von Glaserfeld. The final section considers the connection, or lack of it, between the constructivist view of science and knowledge and the teaching of science.

  16. A Design Anthropology Critique of Active Aging as Ageism

    Linda Tonolli


    Full Text Available This paper proposes a design anthropology critique of active aging as ageism in the design of information technologies for seniors. With ageism we refer to narratives coalesced around the label “active aging” in European policies and system design that focus on seniors as a homogeneous group of people in need of help. We discuss the findings of two empirical participatory design projects we have been dealing with: 1 a bottom­-up senior organization in a small village in a mountain area and 2 a series of workshops organized with seniors in an urban area. In both cases, the relations between the anthropologist and the people involved, prompted reflexive moments that brought anthropological relocations of the designers' perspective. In conclusion, we stress how such relocations could benefit participatory designs through the concept of design by subtraction and the adoption of a feminist perspective.

  17. Boundedness beyond reification: cosmopolitan teacher education as critique

    Claudia Schumann


    Full Text Available Certain strands of cosmopolitanism have been criticized on various occasions for merely mirroring the mental framework of a global elite that stresses positive attitudes to mobility, flexibility, and disinterested objective detachment to the detriment of ‘rooted’, local and national values. In this way, it is argued, it presents a one-sided opportunistic or naively affirmative picture of processes of globalization rather than taking seriously the challenges posed by the inherently normative dimension of cosmopolitan thought and practice. The present paper will argue for a return to the critical core of the cosmopolitan idea and proposes that the critique of reification, which recently received renewed interest by philosophers of the so-called third generation Frankfurt School, can serve as a vital tool for re-imagining cosmopolitan teacher education as critique. In particular, the discussion around the recent turn towards a standards and competencies oriented teacher education in Germany will be critically examined in this regard. Rather than presenting a mere factual description of our thinking, judgments and actions, a cosmopolitan orientation should be concerned with reminding us of the importance of a continuous critical challenge of their validity. Firstly, the concept of reification will be shown to provide the conceptual resources to describe and select relevant characteristics of contemporary social pathologies that cannot be adequately captured within liberal social philosophies. A closer analysis of reification as a deficient relation to oneself, to others, or to the world will then lead to the second question of how to conceive of non-reifying forms of relatedness, commitment and boundedness as enabling new forms of expressive freedom. Instead of one-sided, narrow and hasty reactions towards a perceived ‘global challenge’—either fetishizing borders or their transgression, an critical educational cosmopolitanism should bring

  18. On the Radical Critique of Liberal Educational Reforms: Some Theoretical Issues.

    Emoungu, Paul-Albert


    The radical critique of the liberal socioeducational reform espouses an equalitarian society but does not believe it can actually exist. Structural functionalism is examined in relation to social change. (JN)

  19. An Investigation of Heidegger\\'s Critique of Hegel\\'s Notion of Time

    AA Mosleh


    Full Text Available One of the Heidegger's encounters with Hegel is his Critique of Hegel's Notion of Time. Heidegger believes that Hegel's concept of time is past time, the vulgar understanding of time and simply a paraphrase of Aristotle's Physics. Several commentators like Derrida, Malabou, Trivers and others launched critiques on this mode of Heidegger’s thinking. One of the most important critiques on Heidegger's interpretation of Hegel's time is that his critique is based upon a limited interpretation of Hegel's philosophy of nature but not upon all minutiae of Hegel's philosophy. This study also shows that in this case he overestimates the formal characterization of time as the negation of negation. Finally, we conclude that, in spite of Heidegger's interpretation, the future is an important part of Hegel's philosophy and there are several stages of time in his philosophy. Thus, we can question the vulgar understanding of Hegel's time.

  20. A Burgessian critique of nominalistic tendencies in contemporary mathematics and its historiography

    Katz, Karin Usadi; 10.1007/s10699-011-9223-1


    We analyze the developments in mathematical rigor from the viewpoint of a Burgessian critique of nominalistic reconstructions. We apply such a critique to the reconstruction of infinitesimal analysis accomplished through the efforts of Cantor, Dedekind, and Weierstrass; to the reconstruction of Cauchy's foundational work associated with the work of Boyer and Grabiner; and to Bishop's constructivist reconstruction of classical analysis. We examine the effects of a nominalist disposition on historiography, teaching, and research.

  1. An Analysis of the Critique of Kant’s “Categorical”

    A Azhdar


    This rule underpins an important ethical school which is known as “Obligationism”. Although this school has attracted many scholars of ethics philosophy, there are also many critiques against it. This article aims to study and analyze “the critique of maximal categorical” in such school with regard to Islamic ethics in order to show that the attempts of those who have tried to prove the compatibility of this rule with Islamic ethics are in vain and lead to no result.

  2. Hegel avec Freud: Psychanalyse, subjectivité et critique sociale dans l'Ecole de Francfort

    Carré, Louis


    The Frankfurt School has often been associated to the project of "marrying" Freud's psychoanalysis with a Marxian critique of capitalist societies. This article offers however another version of the link between Critical Theory and psychoanalysis. After having briefly sketched the notion of a "critical theory of society", the Author shows how a critique of modern capitalist societies and Freudian psychoanalysis actually meet at a "methodological" level for which the marriage between Hegel and...


    Marty LAFOREST


    Full Text Available • RÉSUMÉ: La question de l’avortement au Québec suscite encore aujourd’hui des discussions sur sa légalité ainsi que sur le droit des femmes de décider d’avorter. En ce sens, cet article a comme objectif de faire l’analyse d’un éditorial de la revue féministe La vie en rose publié en 1982, en réponse à la lettre antiavortement des évêques, écrite en 1981. À partir des considérations de Kerbrat-Orecchioni concernant l’énonciation et la subjectivité, nous faisons une analyse discursive afin de comprendre comment l’énonciation contribue à la constitution des identités et de saisir comment la subjectivité produit une argumentation dans ces discours. En outre, nous adoptons les notions d’identité de Stuart Hall et de pouvoir de Michel Foucault pour comprendre comment la constitution des sujets dans le langage et dans le contexte socio-historique de production des énoncés rend possible la description des relations de pouvoir exercées entre les féministes, l’Église, l’État et les médecins. Cette analyse nous permet de conclure à la production d’identités multiples pour les femmes, dont l’objectif est de faire résistance face au pouvoir d’institutions hégémoniques. • MOTS-CLÉS: Avortement. Énonciation. Subjectivité. Identité. Pouvoir.

  4. Critique, hesitation, death: Reflections on Koos Prinsloo’s Weifeling

    P. J. Massyn


    Full Text Available This paper focuses on Koos Prinsloo's Weifeling, the last collection of fiction to appear in the writer's brief career In this article it is argued that Prinsloo's work is characterized in the first instance by an oppositional practice driven by a will to reveal which involves, inter alia, a collapse of the distinction between the private and the public. This revelatory urge is, however, compromised by residual attachment and a self-reflective practice which deconstructs the identity of the self even as it is revealed Linda Hutcheon's description of postmodernism’s ethical stance as one of "complicitous critique" and a strategically modified version of her description of postmodernist fiction as “historiographic metafiction" are used to theorize this aspect of Prinsloo's writing, although the texts under discussion remain undeniably more critical than complicit in their practice. Finally, the confrontations with death in the closing texts of Weifeling are linked to Brian McHale's arguments about postmodernism's characteristic foregrounding of ontological differences.

  5. The problematization of medical tourism: a critique of neoliberalism.

    Smith, Kristen


    The past two decades have seen the extensive privatisation and marketisation of health care in an ever reaching number of developing countries. Within this milieu, medical tourism is being promoted as a rational economic development strategy for some developing nations, and a makeshift solution to the escalating waiting lists and exorbitant costs of health care in developed nations. This paper explores the need to problematize medical tourism in order to move beyond one dimensional neoliberal discourses that have, to date, dominated the arena. In this problematization, the paper discusses a range of understandings and uses of the term 'medical tourism' and situates it within the context of the neoliberal economic development of health care internationally. Drawing on theory from critical medical anthropology and health and human rights perspectives, the paper critically analyzes the assumed independence between the medical tourism industry and local populations facing critical health issues, where social, cultural and economic inequities are widening in terms of access, cost and quality of health care. Finally, medical tourism is examined in the local context of India, critiquing the increasingly indistinct roles played by government and private sectors, whilst linking these shifts to global market forces. © 2012 Blackwell Publishing Ltd.

  6. Notes on a methodological discussion: autobiography, critique and time

    Gunvor Løkken


    Full Text Available After having tried for some time to overview the contemporary field of qualitative research to give a lecture for a professorship in that area, my idea at the outset of writing this article was to address whether changes in qualitative research should be viewed as recurrent revolutions as highlighted by Denzin and Lincoln (2000; 2005, or as a field of continuing key themes and long-standing tensions, as conceptualized by Atkinson, Coffey and Delamont (2003. However, during my writing, after one detour into the May 2009 issue of Current Sociology and a second detour into the July 2009 issue of Qualitative Research, my attention focused on to how critical debate and review are displayed in different methodological positions of qualitative research. In my reading, the discussion in Current Sociology between main stream and postmodern methodological positioning revealed an utterly one-way feminist critique; this was also the case in one of three book reviews of The Handbook of Qualitative Research (Denzin and Lincoln, 2005 in the referred issue of Qualitative Research. My puzzle over this critical stance, and my third detour, into Yvonne Lincoln’s discussion of twenty-five years of qualitative and new paradigm research in the January 2010 Issue of Qualitative Inquiry, helped evolve the following notes on a methodological discussion. The notes are partly structured by a temporal narrative over personally lived qualitative research, and partly by an epistemological narrative of a methodological discussion, interwoven with the passing of time when writing.

  7. Critiquing bachelor candidates' theses: are the criteria useful?

    Kapborg, I; Berterö, C


    Nursing education programmes should be at an academic level and connected to research. In Sweden, empirical studies are generally required in order to obtain a Bachelor's degree; hence, in some cases, these studies are replaced by a literature review. A study was conducted using 11 criteria. Thirteen theses produced in a department of nursing science were examined, elaborated and reproduced by reviewing international and national literature. Thereafter, the criteria themselves were scrutinized. Principal findings when critiquing the theses were that in eight theses the purpose was dearly identified and well defined in relation to the study accomplished; in three theses the purpose was indistinct and vague; and in two the definitions and research questions were lacking. The topic was relevant for the area of nursing in all theses. General problems identified were poor spelling and grammar, and unsatisfactory thesis structure. This article discusses whether criteria are useful when examining the Bachelor candidates' theses. The authors report that the criteria seemed to be useful, giving some guidance for scrutinizing theses and facilitating correspondence. Criteria could be appropriate guidelines for using to increase the quality of the theses as well as the quality of nursing.

  8. 'Trick', 'manipulation' and 'farce': Albert Moll's critique of occultism.

    Wolffram, Heather


    In July 1925, the psychiatrist Albert Moll appeared before the district court in Berlin-Schöneberg charged with having defamed the medium Maria Vollhardt (alias Rudloff) in his 1924 book Der Spiritismus [Spiritism]. Supported by some of Berlin's most prominent occultists, the plaintiff--the medium's husband--argued that Moll's use of terms such as 'trick', 'manipulation' and 'farce' in reference to Vollhardt's phenomena had been libellous. In the three-part trial that followed, however, Moll's putative affront to the medium--of which he was eventually acquitted--was overshadowed, on the one hand, by a debate over the scientific status of parapsychology, and on the other, by the question of who--parapsychologists, occultists, psychiatrists or jurists--was entitled to claim epistemic authority over the occult. This paper will use the Rudloff-Moll trial as a means of examining Moll's critique of occultism, not only as it stood in the mid-1920s, but also as it had developed since the 1880s. It will also provide insight into the views of Germany's occultists and parapsychologists, who argued that their legitimate bid for scientific credibility was hindered by Dunkelmänner [obscurantists] such as Albert Moll.

  9. Surveillance, Snowden, and Big Data: Capacities, consequences, critique

    David Lyon


    Full Text Available The Snowden revelations about National Security Agency surveillance, starting in 2013, along with the ambiguous complicity of internet companies and the international controversies that followed provide a perfect segue into contemporary conundrums of surveillance and Big Data. Attention has shifted from late C20th information technologies and networks to a C21st focus on data, currently crystallized in “Big Data.” Big Data intensifies certain surveillance trends associated with information technology and networks, and is thus implicated in fresh but fluid configurations. This is considered in three main ways: One, the capacities of Big Data (including metadata intensify surveillance by expanding interconnected datasets and analytical tools. Existing dynamics of influence, risk-management, and control increase their speed and scope through new techniques, especially predictive analytics. Two, while Big Data appears to be about size, qualitative change in surveillance practices is also perceptible, accenting consequences. Important trends persist – the control motif, faith in technology, public-private synergies, and user-involvement – but the future-orientation increasingly severs surveillance from history and memory and the quest for pattern-discovery is used to justify unprecedented access to data. Three, the ethical turn becomes more urgent as a mode of critique. Modernity's predilection for certain definitions of privacy betrays the subjects of surveillance who, so far from conforming to the abstract, disembodied image of both computing and legal practices, are engaged and embodied users-in-relation whose activities both fuel and foreclose surveillance.

  10. Eugenics and modern biology: critiques of eugenics, 1910-1945.

    Allen, Garland E


    Eugenics in most western countries in the first four decades of the 20th century was based on the idea that genes control most human phenotypic traits, everything from physical features such as polydactyly and eye colour to physiological conditions such as the A-B-O blood groups to mental and personality traits such as "feeblemindedness," alcoholism and pauperism. In assessing the development of the eugenics movement-its rise and decline between 1900 and 1950-it is important to recognise that its naïve assumptions and often flawed methodologies were openly criticised at the time by scientists and nonscientists alike. This paper will present a brief overview of the critiques launched against eugenicists' claims, particularly criticisms of the American school led by Charles B. Davenport. Davenport's approach to eugenics will be contrasted to his British counterpart, Karl Pearson, founder and first editor of the Annals of Eugenics. It was not the case that nearly everyone in the early 20th century accepted eugenic conclusions as the latest, cutting-edge science. There are lessons from this historical approach for dealing with similar naïve claims about genetics today. © 2011 The Author Annals of Human Genetics © 2011 Blackwell Publishing Ltd/University College London.

  11. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs: An Islamic critique

    Anke Iman Bouzenita


    Full Text Available Abraham Maslow’s model of the hierarchy of needs is pervasive in many academic specialisations. After a short description of the model, this article summarises the existing criticisms. While criticism on the empirical validity of the model and its ethno-centricity are frequently mentioned in the literature, the authors of this article give special focus on the missing consideration of the spiritual aspect of human existence in Maslow’s model. The study explores reasons for the commodification of the model (i.e. the divorcing of the model from its substance and using it simply as a commodity and the non-consideration of Maslow’s later changes. Special focus is laid on the usage of this model in marketing, given its position as a field which embodies the capitalist perspective so completely through, particularly, advertising but also through the conceptualisation of people. The article describes the model’s diverse reception in Muslim academic circles. It offers an Islamic critique of both its foundations and its usage. The study concludes that attempts at harmonising the model with the higher objectives (maqāṣid of the Sharī‘ah do not do justice to either model.

  12. What's Missing When Empowerment Is a Purpose for Adult Literacies Education? Bourdieu, Gee and the Problem of Accounting for Power

    Galloway, Sarah


    This writing critiques the idea that literacies education can and should empower adult learners. The ideas of Pierre Bourdieu and James Paul Gee are analysed with reference to how power and empowerment are understood and what this means for the concrete practice of adult literacies education by educators and students. My concern is that their…

  13. From Public Place to Market-Place: Anthropology, Critiques of Contemporary Education, and its Meaning in Serbia

    Jana Baćević


    In this text, I summarize and present contemporary voices of critique of education, that come from anthropology and some related disciplines. Contemporary critique of education attempts to demonstrate how educational practice is linked with global political and economic power. The focus in this text has been on these critiques as forms of resistance to neoliberalization and commoditization of education, trends that are now prevalent in America and most European countries. Final...

  14. Les métropoles et la nouvelle critique urbaine

    Pierre Hamel


    Full Text Available La perspective critique élaborée par Henri Lefebvre demeure pertinente pour penser les rapports sociaux à l’espace, y inclus ceux qu’on observe dans les métropoles contemporaines en Amérique du Nord. En examinant la controverse autour de la forme urbaine telle que celle-ci a été remise à l’ordre du jour dans les années 1990 à la faveur du discours néorégionaliste, ce texte pose la question de l’avenir des métropoles et du modèle de ville dans lequel on souhaite vivre. La thèse défendue peut se résumer comme suit : afin de faire échec à la position libérale qui accorde la préséance aux facteurs économiques et aux forces du marché, les acteurs sociaux doivent porter le débat autour de la forme urbaine sur le terrain politique. À cette fin, l’urgence demeure de mobiliser la communauté politique.Henri Lefebvre’s critical approach remains appropriate for thinking about social relationships to space, including those we can now assess in North American metropolis. Through analyzing the controversy about the urban form as it has been highlighted again during the nineties and favored by the new regionalist discourse, this paper poses the question of the future of metropolis and the posterity of the urban model in which one wishes to live. Its thesis could be summarized like this : in order to make fail the liberal position which privileges to economical factors and market forces, social actors have to orientate the debate about the urban form towards the political field. In such a perspective, the emergency remains to mobilize the polity.

  15. The theory of social representations: overview and critique

    Matej Černigoj


    Full Text Available There is no doubt that the theory of social representations is one of the most popular, but at the same time one of the most controversial theories in contemporary social psychology. Its author, Serge Moscovici, conceived it with the explicit intention to create an alternative to the prevailing individualistic and psychologising, North-American social psychology. The theory of social representations is aimed at being a new social-psyhological paradigm, which would enable this scientific field to occupy a central place among the social sciencies. This place is supposed to be reserved for the field that would be able to connect the individual and the collective level of explanation of human behaviour. Because of such promisses, the theory of social representations took over the immagination of many european scholars, and research that refers to it in some way is abundant. However, there is also a darker side to the theory. It is incomplete and full of internal inconsistencies. Some authors repeatedly stress these points, but apparently without any considerable success. The theory of social representations has recently been presented in Slovenia (Vec, 1999, but without any serious attempt of evaluation and therefore, in my view, in an unsatisfactory way. Here I try to fill this gap, and so I focus on the logical structure of the theory and at its existing critiques. At the same time I try to explain the reasons for the theory's great popularity from a historical and socio-psychological point of view. In order to accomplish all that, I try to present the theory of social representations first, which — although already attempted many times — is by no means an easy task.

  16. Foucault and the Critique of the Liberal Theory of Sovereignty

    Bilba Corneliu


    Full Text Available In this paper I attempt to analyze Foucault’s critique of Hobbes’ theory of sovereignty as articulated in his lectures at the College de France. In these lectures Foucault aims to show that the liberal theories of sovereignty are “economical,” in that they discuss the problem of the establishment of political power on the model of “free exchanges.” According to Foucault, this would presuppose the existence of a substance, or essence of power, which clearly contradicts the notion that the origin of the “strategic” and the “relational” interpretation of power must be sought in Hobbes. In order to deny Hobbes’ the paternity of the idea that “politics means continuing war by other means,” Foucault shows that it is compatible with neither Boulainvilliers’ interpretation of history as a “war of the races” nor Nietzsche’s belief in the agnostic nature of knowledge. As a matter of fact, Hobbes’ interest was to pacify history, which requires freezing over all relations based on force. Foucault’s evidence is that Hobbes reduces the notion of sovereignty by acquisition to the notion of sovereignty by contract. I try to show that the opposite interpretation is equally valid, namely that, given that the sovereign would still be left in the “state of nature,” contractual sovereignty can be regarded as the sovereign’s “acquisition” of his subjects. The exercise of sovereignty in its traditional sense would thus assume the shape of a constant struggle against human nature, which can be disciplined but never improved upon. Paradoxically, this interpretation is even more “Foucauldian” than Foucault’s, but the problems it uncovers are of Foucault’s own making.

  17. Social critique and engagement between universalism, anti-authoritarianism and diagnosis of domination

    Ivković Marjan


    Full Text Available The paper discusses a particular ‘isomorphy’ between two forms of social criticism: the ‘holistic’ theoretical social critique represented by such authors as Jürgen Habermas and Axel Honneth and ‘collective social engagement’ represented by such civic movements as the ‘We Won’t Let Belgrade D(rown’ initiative in contemporary Serbia, which the paper tries to distinguish from more conventional forms of popular protest. This ‘isomorphy’, the paper argues, consists in a tension between three distinct imperatives of the justification of critique - those of normative universalism, epistemological anti-authoritarianism, and diagnosis of social domination - produced by the attempts of both the ‘holistic’ social critics and the collectively engaged actors to simultaneously respond to all three imperatives. After presenting the three types of theoretical critique that crystallize around each imperative, the paper discusses the internal tension that arises in the works of ‘holistic’ theoretical critics and then identifies the same kind of tension in the ‘We Won’t Let Belgrade D(rown’ initiative. The tension in the movement’s critique is outlined through a brief analysis of the activists’ discourse as articulated in the bulletin We Won’t Let Belgrade D(rown issued in March 2015. Since the examples also suggest that collective engagement is better than theoretical critique at keeping this tension ‘productive’, the paper finally offers some tentative thoughts on the possible reasons for this difference.

  18. 'Hypotheses, everywhere only hypotheses!': on some contexts of Dilthey's critique of explanatory psychology.

    Feest, Uljana


    In 1894, Wilhelm Dilthey published an article in which he formulated a critique of what he called 'explanatory psychology', contrasting it with his own conception of 'descriptive psychology'. Dilthey's descriptive psychology, in turn, was to provide the basis for Dilthey's specific philosophy of the human sciences (Geisteswissenschaften). In this paper, I contextualize Dilthey's critique of explanatory psychology. I show that while this critique comes across as very broad and sweeping, he in fact had specific opponents in mind, namely, scholars who, like him, attempted to theorize about the relationship between the individual and society, between psychology and the other human sciences. Dilthey's critique of explanatory psychology is the flipside of his critique of sociology, which he had already formulated. He challenged both because he felt that they gave the wrong kind of answer to the task of overcoming metaphysics within the human sciences. In particular, I identify the founders of Völkerpsychologie, Moritz Lazarus and Heymann Steinthal, and (more importantly) their student, Georg Simmel, as Dilthey's targets. I provide textual and historical evidence for this thesis.

  19. The Effects on Adults of Being Imitated by Children: A Review and Methodological Critique.

    Roberts, Michael C.

    Only recently have imitation researchers turned their attention to the effects on the model of being imitated by observers. This report outlines and reviews the findings of research in the developing paradigms. Four paradigms into the effects of being imitated are examined briefly: (1) operant strengthening paradigm; (2) classical conditioning…

  20. Sécurité des patients et culture de sécurité: une revue de la littérature

    Adelaide Nascimento


    Full Text Available Depuis la publication du rapport "To err is human" par l'Institut de Médecine américain, la sécurité des patients est devenu un sujet incontournable des politiques publiques en santé: entre 44 000 et 98 000 personnes décèdent tous les ans aux Etats-Unis suite à des événements indésirables. En plus de mettre en évidence la nécessité de placer la sécurité des patients comme une priorité des autorités médicales, ce rapport centre ses recommandations sur le changement de culture à l'hôpital. C'est ainsi que le terme "culture de sécurité", utilisé dans le nucléaire depuis 30 ans, fait son apparition en milieu médical à partir des années 2000. L'objectif de cet article est de proposer une revue de littérature sur la culture de sécurité dans le domaine de la sécurité des patients. La recherche bibliographique a été réalisée sur la base de données ScienceDirect. Au total, 74 références ont été sélectionnées dont 48 ont été retenues pour la rédaction de cet article. L'analyse du matériel retenu a guidé la rédaction de cet article par thématique, à savoir: l'historique de la notion de culture de sécurité et ses approches classiques; et l'apparition de la notion de culture de sécurité en milieu médical, les méthodes d'évaluation existants et les moyens de son développement durable.

  1. Contributions to a Marxist Critical Pedagogy of Becoming: Centering the Critique of the Gotha Programme: Part Two

    Malott, Curry; Ford, Derek R.


    Part two: This article is the second part of a project concerned with developing a Marxist critical pedagogy that moves beyond a critique of capital and toward a communist future. The article performs an educational reading of Marx's Critique of the Gotha Programme in order to delineate what a Marxist critical pedagogy of becoming communist might…

  2. National Curriculum Standards and Social Studies Education: Dewey, Freire, Foucault, and the Construction of a Radical Critique.

    Vinson, Kevin D.


    Examines the issue of national curriculum standards within social studies education. Addresses conservative and liberal viewpoints, insights from the works of John Dewey, Paulo Freire, and Michel Foucault on how a radical Left critique developed, an essay by E. Wayne Ross as a case study, and the implications of the radical Left critique. (CMK)

  3. Postmodern Philosophical Critique and the Pursuit of Knowledge in Higher Education. Critical Studies in Education and Culture Series.

    Mourad, Roger P., Jr.

    This book explores postmodern critique in scholarly inquiry in the context of the philosophies of Jean-Francois Lyotard, Michel Foucault, Jacques Derrida, Richard Rorty, and Calvin Schrag. Claiming that the overall course of inquiry is characterized by basic theoretical deficiencies, postmodern critique suggests a rethinking of the nature and aims…

  4. Troubling 'lived experience': a post-structural critique of mental health nursing qualitative research assumptions.

    Grant, A


    Qualitative studies in mental health nursing research deploying the 'lived experience' construct are often written on the basis of conventional qualitative inquiry assumptions. These include the presentation of the 'authentic voice' of research participants, related to their 'lived experience' and underpinned by a meta-assumption of the 'metaphysics of presence'. This set of assumptions is critiqued on the basis of contemporary post-structural qualitative scholarship. Implications for mental health nursing qualitative research emerging from this critique are described in relation to illustrative published work, and some benefits and challenges for researchers embracing post-structural sensibilities are outlined.

  5. Bruno Latour, actor-networks, and the critique of critical sociology

    Spasić Ivana


    Full Text Available The paper analyzes the theoretical opus of Bruno Latour and his treatment of the concept of critique. In the first section "actor-network theory" is presented through its key notions (actant, network, translation, associations together with Latour’s theory of modernity. In the second section various aspects of the relation between Latour and critique are discussed - first his own criticism of others (standard sociology and especially "critical", i.e. Bourdieu’s sociology, then the criticisms aimed at his work, to conclude with the political ambivalences of Latour’s attempt to develop an "acritical" social theory. .

  6. (Re)igniting a Sociological Imagination in Adult Education: The Continuing Relevance of Classical Theory

    Lange, Elizabeth


    This article argues that sociology has been a foundational discipline for the field of adult education, but it has been largely implicit, until recently. This article contextualizes classical theories of sociology within contemporary critiques, reviews the historical roots of sociology and then briefly introduces the classical theories…

  7. Adult Education and Social Transformation: On Gramsci, Freire, and the Challenge of Comparing Comparisons. Essay Review.

    Schugurensky, Daniel


    Reviews three books that critique and compare the ideas of Gramsci and Freire: "Revolutionary Social Transformation: Democratic Hopes, Political Possibilities and Critical Education" (Paula Allman); "Radical Heroes: Gramsci, Freire and the Politics of Adult Education" (Diana Coben); and "Gramsci, Freire and Adult…

  8. Equality and Human Capital: Conflicting Concepts within State-Funded Adult Education in Ireland

    Hurley, Kevin


    This article offers a critique of the concept of equality as it informs the White Paper on Adult Education: Learning for Life (2000). It also outlines the extent to which human capital theory can be seen to have effectively colonised lifelong learning from the outset of its adoption by the European Union with highly constraining implications for…

  9. Disrupting Adult and Community Education: Teaching, Learning, and Working in the Periphery

    Mizzi, Robert C., Ed.; Rocco, Tonette S., Ed.; Shore, Sue, Ed.


    This groundbreaking book critiques the boundaries of where adult education takes place through a candid examination of teaching, learning, and working practices in the social periphery. Lives in this context are diverse and made through complex practices that take place in the shadows of formal systems: on streetscapes and farms, in vehicles and…

  10. (Re)igniting a Sociological Imagination in Adult Education: The Continuing Relevance of Classical Theory

    Lange, Elizabeth


    This article argues that sociology has been a foundational discipline for the field of adult education, but it has been largely implicit, until recently. This article contextualizes classical theories of sociology within contemporary critiques, reviews the historical roots of sociology and then briefly introduces the classical theories…

  11. Equality and Human Capital: Conflicting Concepts within State-Funded Adult Education in Ireland

    Hurley, Kevin


    This article offers a critique of the concept of equality as it informs the White Paper on Adult Education: Learning for Life (2000). It also outlines the extent to which human capital theory can be seen to have effectively colonised lifelong learning from the outset of its adoption by the European Union with highly constraining implications for…

  12. Reconfiguring the optics of the critical gaze in science education (after the critique of critique): (re)thinking "what counts" through Foucaultian prismatics

    Higgins, Marc


    The purpose of this article is to explore what Michel Foucault refers to as "the" critical attitude and its relationship to science education, drawing from Foucault's (The politics of truth. Semiotext(e), New York, 1997) insight that the critical attitude is but a critical attitude. This article is a rejoinder to Anna Danielsonn, Maria Berge, and Malena Lidar's paper, "Knowledge and power in the technology classroom: a framework for studying teachers and students in action". Where Danielsonn and colleagues think with Foucaultian power/knowledge to examine and (re)consider teacher-student didactic relations in science and technology education, this article critically examines the power/knowledge relationship between science educators and science education to critically explore the modes of criticality produced and produceable. Particularly, I explore possibilities for and of critique that stem from and respond to what Bruno Latour (Politics of nature: How to bring the sciences into democracy. Harvard University Press, Cambridge, 1993) refers to as the crisis and critique of critique.

  13. Studio Based Learning: Proposing, Critiquing, Iterating Our Way to Person-Centeredness for Better Classroom Management

    Brocato, Kay


    This article relates how the proposing, critiquing, iterating process of studio-based learning (SBL) provides for person-centered classroom management. SBL is defined in connection to how the pedagogy works within a school of architecture. Then, a description of how the approach is applied to one course in a teacher education program is offered.…

  14. A Critique of the Key Legislative Framework guiding Civil Liberties in ...

    support. The following are the key legislative framework that this paper attempts to critique and how the content of .... could not exceed 25% of those democratically elected by residents. 49 ... especially in cases where international tourism is a revenue generator for both the .... demand the production of identity documents.

  15. Critiquing Human Resource Development's Dominant Masculine Rationality and Evaluating Its Impact

    Bierema, Laura L.


    The purpose of this article is to critique human resource development's (HRD) dominant philosophy, practices, and research; illustrate how they negatively affect women HRD practitioners and recipients; and recommend alternative conceptualizations of the field. This article is grounded in a critical feminist theoretical framework, draws on critical…

  16. Perspectives on Learnerships: A Critique of South Africa's Transformation of Apprenticeships

    Smith, Matthew J.; Jennings, Ross; Solanki, Geetesh


    This article provides a critique of South Africa's attempt to transform apprenticeships using data from the 2004 Baseline Survey of the Learnership Programme in South Africa. The data suggests that Learnerships provide important opportunities for those in work to learn new theoretical and practical capabilities and thus deepen the skills base of…

  17. Weber's Critique of Advocacy in the Classroom: Critical Thinking and Civic Education.

    Weaver, Mark


    Discusses the four aspects of Max Weber's argument against including advocacy in the political science classroom. Believes that Weber's critique is a useful starting point for considering the issue in relation to contemporary education. Describes two models, critical thinking and civic education, that present advocacy in the political science…

  18. Formative versus Reflective Measurement in Executive Functions: A Critique of Willoughby et al.

    Peterson, Eric; Welsh, Marilyn C.


    Research into executive functioning (EF) has indeed grown exponentially across the past few decades, but as the Willoughby et al. critique makes clear, there remain fundamental questions to be resolved. The crux of their argument is built upon an examination of the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) approach to understanding executive processes.…

  19. Amish Teacher Dialogues with Teacher Educators: Research, Culture, and Voices of Critique

    Zehr, Henry; Moss, Glenda; Nichols, Joe


    This dialogical project is framed within critical inquiry methods to bring an Amish teacher's voice to the forefront. Henry, an Amish middle school teacher, and two university teacher educators in northeastern Indiana collaboratively critiqued educational literature written about the Amish culture from the past 15 years. Building on critical…

  20. Speech Perception Deficits in Poor Readers: A Reply to Denenberg's Critique.

    Studdert-Kennedy, Michael; Mody, Maria; Brady, Susan


    This rejoinder to a critique of the authors' research on speech perception deficits in poor readers answers the specific criticisms and reaffirms their conclusion that the difficulty some poor readers have with rapid /ba/-/da/ discrimination does not stem from difficulty in discriminating the rapid spectral transitions at stop-vowel syllable…

  1. Radical Reform Within a Liberal and Democratic Framework? Rawls and the Radical Critique of Schooling.

    Claus, John F.


    The radical critique of American education portrays the schools as perpetuators of ethnic, social, and racial inequalities because they do not alter existing class relations. John Rawls' theory of social justice is discussed as an alternative approach to this situation that remains firmly grounded in the liberal tradition. (PP)

  2. Exploring Preservice Elementary Teachers' Critique and Adaptation of Science Curriculum Materials in Respect to Socioscientific Issues

    Forbes, Cory T.; Davis, Elizabeth A.


    The work presented here represents a preliminary effort undertaken to address the role of teachers in supporting students' learning and decision-making about socioscientific issues (SSI) by characterizing preservice elementary teachers' critique and adaptation of SSI-based science curriculum materials and identifying factors that serve to mediate…

  3. Comparing Two Forms of Concept Map Critique Activities to Facilitate Knowledge Integration Processes in Evolution Education

    Schwendimann, Beat A.; Linn, Marcia C.


    Concept map activities often lack a subsequent revision step that facilitates knowledge integration. This study compares two collaborative critique activities using a Knowledge Integration Map (KIM), a form of concept map. Four classes of high school biology students (n?=?81) using an online inquiry-based learning unit on evolution were assigned…

  4. Does Homeschooling "Work"? A Critique of the Empirical Claims and Agenda of Advocacy Organizations

    Lubienski, Christopher; Puckett, Tiffany; Brewer, T. Jameson


    The phenomenal growth of homeschooling in recent years demonstrates not only the appeal of this educational approach but also the notable policy acumen of the homeschooling movement's leading advocates. This analysis examines and critiques the empirical claims made by homeschooling proponents to justify further expansion and deregulation of the…

  5. Critiquing Human Resource Development's Dominant Masculine Rationality and Evaluating Its Impact

    Bierema, Laura L.


    The purpose of this article is to critique human resource development's (HRD) dominant philosophy, practices, and research; illustrate how they negatively affect women HRD practitioners and recipients; and recommend alternative conceptualizations of the field. This article is grounded in a critical feminist theoretical framework, draws on critical…

  6. Policy Options for Turkey: A Critique of the Interpretation and Utilization of PISA Results in Turkey

    Gur, Bekir S.; Celik, Zafer; Ozoglu, Murat


    In this article we provide a critique of the interpretation and utilization of Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) results by the National Education Authorities in Turkey. First, we define and explain what OECD's PISA is. Second, we make an overview of the media coverage in Turkey of the PISA 2003 and 2006 results. Third, we…

  7. Using a Collaborative Critiquing Technique to Develop Chemistry Students' Technical Writing Skills

    Carr, Jeremy M.


    The technique, termed "collaborative critiquing", was developed to teach fundamental technical writing skills to analytical chemistry students for the preparation of laboratory reports. This exercise, which can be completed prior to peer-review activities, is novel, highly interactive, and allows students to take responsibility for their…

  8. Tre Indlaeg om "Interlanguage Pragmatics" (Three Critiques of "Interlanguage Pragmatics"). ROLIG Papir No. 55.

    Preisler, Bent, Ed.

    The three papers presented here are critiques to a Doctoral Dissertation defense titled "Interlanguage Pragmatics: Requests, Complaints, and Apologies." The responses are written by the "disputants" or members of the candidate's dissertation review committee. The first paper, "Den empiriske undersogelse i 'Interlanguage Pragmatics'" (The Empirical…

  9. Whose Confession? Which Tradition? (A Preliminary Critique of Penny Thompson, 2004)

    Doble, Peter


    What does Penny Thompson really want? Reading her article in "BJRE" 26 (1) proved a baffling experience: it clearly wanted to say something, and to say it passionately, yet signally failed to do so. It fails largely because it lacks an argument; there seems also to be conceptual muddle at its heart. A fuller critique will need to attend…

  10. The Impact of Standards-Based Reform: Applying Brantlinger's Critique of "Hierarchical Ideologies"

    Bacon, Jessica; Ferri, Beth


    Brantlinger's [2004b. "Ideologies Discerned, Values Determined: Getting past the Hierarchies of Special Education." In "Ideology and the Politics of (in)Exclusion," edited by L. Ware, 11-31. New York: Peter Lang Publishing] critique of hierarchical ideologies lays bare the logics embedded in standards-based reform. Drawing on…

  11. Pursuing the Administrative Avant-Garde: An Aesthetic Critique of Change in Educational Systems

    Samier, Eugenie A.


    This paper addresses theories of the avant-garde, especially but not exclusively in art and as part of a modernist aesthetic. The paper examines the ways in which avant-garde theory of the creative process can inform educational administration in the change process, as both a critique and an ideal. The argument adopted here is that if…

  12. Intercultural Education and the Global-Local Context: Critiquing the Culturalist Narrative

    Bash, Leslie


    Theory and practice in intercultural education remain problematic as they continue to reflect the tensions between universalistic and particularistic agendas. Particularism is manifested in a culturalist narrative which is mired in a failure to subject relativistic postmodernism to adequate critique. At the same time, universalism is frequently…

  13. Critique: Can Children with AD/HD Learn Relaxation and Breathing Techniques through Biofeedback Video Games?

    Wright, Craig; Conlon, Elizabeth


    This article presents a critique on K. Amon and A. Campbell's "Can children with AD/HD learn relaxation and breathing techniques through biofeedback video games?". Amon and Campbell reported a successful trial of a commercially available biofeedback program, "The Wild Divine", in reducing symptoms of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)…

  14. Formative versus Reflective Measurement in Executive Functions: A Critique of Willoughby et al.

    Peterson, Eric; Welsh, Marilyn C.


    Research into executive functioning (EF) has indeed grown exponentially across the past few decades, but as the Willoughby et al. critique makes clear, there remain fundamental questions to be resolved. The crux of their argument is built upon an examination of the confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) approach to understanding executive processes.…

  15. Critiquing the Role of the Community College in Criminal Justice Education: Curriculum Trends and Analysis.

    Meadows, Robert J.

    Based upon a literature review and interviews with selected criminal justice educators, this critique of criminal justice or police education attempts to explore some of the criticisms being leveled against community college criminal justice education and certain issues and trends related to the field that are becoming evident. To place this…

  16. The Critique of Scholastic Language in Renaissance Humanism and Early Modern Philosophy

    Nauta, Lodewijk; Muratori, Cecilia; Paganini, Gianni


    This article studies some key moments in the long tradition of the critique of scholastic language, voiced by humanists and early-modern philosophers alike. It aims at showing how the humanist idiom of “linguistic usage,” “convention,” “custom,” “common” and “natural” language, and “everyday speech”

  17. Social Diversity and Democracy in Higher Education in the 21st Century: Towards a Feminist Critique

    David, Miriam E.


    This paper takes a feminist perspective on the UK literature on mass higher education in the 21st century, building on US critiques about marketization, neo-liberalism and "academic capitalism". Concepts of equality and diversity have been transformed by neo-liberalism and how these changes have constrained democratic contributions to UK…

  18. Revising the Technical Writing Class: Peer Critiques, Self-Evaluation and Portfolio Grading.

    Bishop, Wendy

    A process oriented technical writing course was devised at the University of Alaska to counteract the "forms" approach and to include peer critiques and student participation in class grading. Modifications to the standard syllabus included (1) student analyses of their own writing processes through literacy autobiographies, (2) student…

  19. Developing Detailed Rubrics for Assessing Critique Writing: Impact on EFL University Students' Performance and Attitudes

    Diab, Rula; Balaa, Luma


    The purpose of this study was to develop specific rubrics for assessing critiques in English 202, an English as a foreign language course at the Lebanese American University to explore the effectiveness of these rubrics on students' writing and to investigate students' attitudes and reactions to the use of these rubrics. After development of the…

  20. The Definition of the Scalar Product: An Analysis and Critique of a Classroom Episode

    Foster, Colin; de Villiers, Michael


    In this paper, we present, analyse and critique an episode from a secondary school lesson involving an introduction to the definition of the scalar product. Although the teacher attempted to be explicit about the difference between a definition and a theorem, emphasizing that a definition was just an arbitrary assumption, a student rejected the…

  1. Assessment for the Masses: A Historical Critique of High-Stakes Testing in Reading

    Huddleston, Andrew P.; Rockwell, Elizabeth C.


    This historical critique of high-stakes testing in reading focuses on selected events from three historical movements: 1) the history of standardized testing, 2) the history of standardized reading tests, and 3) the history of high-stakes testing. These three interrelated histories have produced the high-stakes, standardized reading tests used in…

  2. Emancipation, Equality and Education: Ranciere's Critique of Bourdieu and the Question of Performativity

    Pelletier, Caroline


    Jacques Rancire's work has had significant impact in philosophy and literary theory, but remains largely undiscussed in the field of education. This article is a review of the relevance of Rancire's work to education research. Rancire's argument about education emerges from his critique of Bourdieu, which states that Bourdieu reinforces inequality…

  3. The Neo-Conservative Critique of National Educational Policy: A Revision of the Revisionists.

    Wirt, Frederick M.

    This paper is a critique of "The Changing Politics of Education: Prospects for the 1980's" edited by Edith K. Mosher and Jennings L. Wagoner, Jr. The author contends that the themes of this "neo-conservative" volume are that (1) resources for schools are dwindling and the future of education will be bleak, and (2) political…

  4. A Walking Contradiction, Partly Truth and Partly Fiction: A Critique of Stoesz' The Child Welfare Cartel

    Ellett, Alberta J.


    This article is a critique of David Stoesz' descriptions of organizational issues in child welfare, and more specifically, the relationships between the U.S. Children's Bureau and the National Child Welfare Workforce Institute. The focus is on Stoesz perspectives and assessments of sub-entities (cartels) that are currently influencing funding and…

  5. Radical Reform Within a Liberal and Democratic Framework? Rawls and the Radical Critique of Schooling.

    Claus, John F.


    The radical critique of American education portrays the schools as perpetuators of ethnic, social, and racial inequalities because they do not alter existing class relations. John Rawls' theory of social justice is discussed as an alternative approach to this situation that remains firmly grounded in the liberal tradition. (PP)

  6. Judith Butler and the Public Dimension of the Body: Education, Critique and Corporeal Vulnerability

    Vlieghe, Joris


    In this paper I discuss some thoughts Judith Butler presents regarding corporeal vulnerability. This might help to elucidate the problem of whether critical education is still possible today. I first explain why precisely the possibility of critique within education is a problem for us today. This is because the traditional means of enhancing a…

  7. A Critique of Selected Instructional Strategies in Higher Institutions in Nigeria

    Sangoleye, Solomon Adebayo; Kolawole, C. O. O.


    Teaching is the heart of education. It involves the use of myriad of teaching methods, strategies and techniques. This paper critiques some of the instructional strategies used in higher institutions in Nigeria. Two of these instructional strategies (team teaching and questioning strategy) were identified. The "what", "how",…

  8. Countering the Pedagogy of Extremism: Reflective Narratives and Critiques of Problem-Based Learning

    Woo, Chris W. H.; Laxman, Kumar


    This paper is a critique against "purist" pedagogies found in the literature of student-centred learning. The article reproves extremism in education and questions the absolutism and teleological truths expounded in exclusive problem-based learning. The paper articulates the framework of a unifying pedagogical practice through Eve…

  9. Dialectic of the university: a critique of instrumental reason in graduate nursing education.

    Petrovskaya, Olga; McDonald, Carol; McIntyre, Marjorie


    Our analysis in this paper unfolds on two levels: a critique of the 'realities' of graduate nursing education and an argument to sustain its 'ideals'. We open for discussion an aspect of graduate nursing education dominated by instrumental reason, namely the research industry, using an internal critique approach developed by Max Horkheimer and Theodor Adorno of the Early Frankfurt School. As we explain, internal critique arises out of, and relies on, the mismatch between goals, or 'ideals', and existing realities. Thinking about 'ideals' of the academy, we draw on Hans-Georg Gadamer's view of the university as a place to think freely, creatively, and critically. The contemporary realities of the university, on the other hand, that emphasize the market values of the research industry forcefully shape nursing academic scholarship in a particular direction. In our attempt to recognize and disrupt the forces of the research industry with its instrumental reason, we consider Judith Butler's writings on how norms operate in society. We show that our growing involvement in the research industry makes it very difficult to disentangle ourselves from that situation. The values of the research industry actually suppress the very ideals of education and scholarship that we would like to uphold. As a contra-force, the internal critique of the 'existing realities' in the graduate nursing education unmasks the tyranny of the research industry and makes visible the importance of sustaining the higher goals and ideals in nursing scholarship.

  10. The Resource-Based View: A Review and Assessment of Its Critiques

    Kraaijenbrink, Jeroen; Spender, J.C.; Groen, Arend J.


    The resource-based view (RBV) of the firm has been around for over 20 years—during which time it has been both widely taken up and subjected to considerable criticism. The authors review and assess the principal critiques evident in the literature, arguing they fall into eight categories. They

  11. A Critique on the Concept of Social Accountability in Higher Education

    Pedroza Flores, René; Villalobos Monroy, Guadalupe; Reyes Fabela, Ana María


    This paper attempts to present a critique of the concept and meaning of the term social accountability at university level from a critical point of view. The main objective is to analyze and re-build the term accountability in order to contextualize it for public universities. First, we present the importance of the idea of accountability in…

  12. Critiquing Research Methodology: Comments on Broader Concerns about Complex Statistical Studies. A Response to Ross

    Stapleton, Paul


    Steven Ross's (2005) recent paper empirically measuring the efficacy of formative assessment compared to the summative variety found that the former produced positive effects on some aspects of language learning. In this critique, it is contended that Ross's study is flawed because his two groups of learners, one receiving summative assessment and…

  13. Foucault and the Use of Critique: Breaching the Self-Evidence of Educational Practices

    Bye, Jayne


    This paper poses methodological questions about the role and limits of Foucault's concept of governmentality in education research. Firstly, it argues for the utility of governmentality as a means of exploring questions of power regardless of domain or scale. Secondly, it explores the boundary between the tasks of formulating critique and…

  14. The role of critique in philosophy of education: its subject matter and its ambiguities

    Heyting, G.F.; Winch, C.


    The role of critique in the Anglophone analytical tradition of philosophy of education is outlined and some of its shortcomings are noted, particularly its apparent claim to methodological objectivity in arriving at what are clearly contestable positions about the normative basis of education. Many

  15. Community College Student Success Programs: A Synthesis, Critique, and Research Agenda

    Crisp, Gloria; Taggart, Amanda


    A narrative review was developed to add to the discussion and dissemination of research on community colleges. The review adds to existing work by synthesizing and critiquing the empirical research to date specific to three of the most prevalent programmatic efforts presently seen on community college campuses: (a) learning communities, (b)…

  16. Foucault and the Use of Critique: Breaching the Self-Evidence of Educational Practices

    Bye, Jayne


    This paper poses methodological questions about the role and limits of Foucault's concept of governmentality in education research. Firstly, it argues for the utility of governmentality as a means of exploring questions of power regardless of domain or scale. Secondly, it explores the boundary between the tasks of formulating critique and…

  17. A Walking Contradiction, Partly Truth and Partly Fiction: A Critique of Stoesz' The Child Welfare Cartel

    Ellett, Alberta J.


    This article is a critique of David Stoesz' descriptions of organizational issues in child welfare, and more specifically, the relationships between the U.S. Children's Bureau and the National Child Welfare Workforce Institute. The focus is on Stoesz perspectives and assessments of sub-entities (cartels) that are currently influencing funding and…

  18. Deaf Studies: A Critique of the Predominant U.S. Theoretical Direction

    Myers, Shirley Shultz; Fernandes, Jane K.


    The focus and concerns establishing Deaf Studies in the 1970s have rigidified into a reactive stance toward changing historical conditions and the variety of deaf lives today. This critique analyzes the theoretical foundation of this stance: a tendency to downplay established research in the field of Deaf Studies and linguistics, the employment of…

  19. Supporting Preservice Elementary Teachers' Critique and Adaptation of Science Lesson Plans Using Educative Curriculum Materials

    Beyer, Carrie; Davis, Elizabeth A.


    Critiquing and adapting curriculum materials are essential teaching practices but challenging for many preservice teachers. This study explores the use of educative curriculum materials--materials intended to support both teacher and student learning--to help preservice elementary teachers develop their pedagogical design capacity for critiquing…

  20. Knowledge, Power and Meanings Shaping Quality Assurance in Higher Education: A Systemic Critique

    Houston, Don; Paewai, Shelley


    Internationally, quality assurance schemes persist despite long-standing dissatisfaction and critique of their impact and outcomes. Adopting a critical systems perspective, the article explores the relationships between the knowledge, power and meanings that stakeholder groups bring to the design and implementation of quality assurance systems.…

  1. A Critique of Science Education as Sociopolitical Action from the Perspective of Liberal Education

    Hadzigeorgiou, Yannis


    This paper outlines the rationale underpinning the conception of science education as sociopolitical action, and then presents a critique of such a conception from the perspective of liberal education. More specifically, the paper discusses the importance of the conception of science education as sociopolitical action (e.g., it can provide…

  2. What Are We Seeking to Sustain through Culturally Sustaining Pedagogy? A Loving Critique Forward

    Paris, Django; Alim, H. Samy


    In this article, Django Paris and H. Samy Alim use the emergence of Paris's concept of culturally sustaining pedagogy (CSP) as the foundation for a respectful and productive critique of previous formulations of asset pedagogies. Paying particular attention to asset pedagogy's failures to remain dynamic and critical in a constantly evolving global…

  3. Foucault and the Use of Critique: Breaching the Self-Evidence of Educational Practices

    Bye, Jayne


    This paper poses methodological questions about the role and limits of Foucault's concept of governmentality in education research. Firstly, it argues for the utility of governmentality as a means of exploring questions of power regardless of domain or scale. Secondly, it explores the boundary between the tasks of formulating critique and…

  4. A Reply to Critiques of Some Issues in the Psychology of Mathematics Instruction.

    Gage, Robert M.


    Gagne's reply to critiques by Wachsmuth and by Steffe and Blake notes that their approaches are from different points of view. He urges that mathematics educators examine critically the view that understanding involves some aspects of the structure of mathematics. (MNS)

  5. La tradition populaire de la critique de science-fiction, 1926-1980

    Gary Westfahl


    Full Text Available À partir des années 1920 et des éditoriaux de Gernsback, il est possible de suivre le fil d’une tradition non universitaire de critique de la science-fiction, qui s’exprime à travers les chroniques des directeurs de rédaction, les introductions d’anthologies, les critiques d’auteurs, les bibliographies et les fanzines. Cette tradition propose des définitions mouvantes de la science-fiction, à partir des caractéristiques retenues par Gernsback (rôle divertissant de la fiction, importance de la science et visée prophétique, qui tranchent sur les commentaires antérieurs, mais sont à leur tour modifiées. Campbell élargit ainsi le domaine de la science, tandis que les écrivains James Blish et Damon Knight mettent l’accent sur la nécessité d’une plus grande exigence littéraire. Michael Moorcock et Harlan Ellison cherchent ensuite à tirer la science-fiction vers l’avant-garde. Plus récemment, on constate que la critique populaire et la critique universitaire se rapprochent en termes de qualité.

  6. Ideology, Class and Rationality: A Critique of Cambridge International Examinations' "Thinking Skills" Curriculum

    Lim, Leonel


    This article undertakes a critique of the aims and objectives of "Thinking Skills", one of the most widely and internationally used curricula in the teaching of thinking, offered by the University of Cambridge International Examinations. By engaging in a critical discourse analysis of how political and class biases are (re-)produced in the forms…

  7. Foucauldian Critique of Positive Education and Related Self-Technologies: Some Problems and New Directions

    Reveley, James


    By focusing on positive education, this article draws out the educational implications of Binkley's Foucauldian critique of neoliberal subjects being pressured to learn how to manage their emotions. From the latter author's perspective, positive education self-technologies such as school-based mindfulness training can be construed as functioning…

  8. Comparaison entre l'effet de l'activité physique d'endurance et de renforcement chez les patients atteints du Syndrome métabolique: une revue de littérature : travail de Bachelor

    Piccot, Rémi; Morard, Lisa; Allet, Lara


    Introduction : Le Syndrome métabolique (Smet) est une problématique capitale car il prédispose à certaines maladies chroniques telles que le diabète de type 2 ou les maladies cardiovasculaires. Le physiothérapeute a une place importante dans leurs traitements. Il a pour but d’amener les individus atteints à pratiquer une activité physique régulière. Le but de notre revue est donc d’analyser les effets de différentes activités physiques sur les paramètres du Smet et le MS z-score. Problématiqu...

  9. Anesthésie d’un greffé cardiaque en chirurgie non cardiaque: à propos d’un cas clinique et revue de la littérature

    Nassirou, Oumarou Mahamane Mamane; Jaafari, Abdelhamid; Chlouchi, Abdellatif; Bensghir, Mustapha; Haimeur, Charki


    Le nombre et la durée de survie des patients transplantés cardiaque sont en augmentation. Une partie de ces patients se présentent régulièrement pour une chirurgie générale en dehors de la transplantation cardiaque. L’anesthésie chez ces patients peut être difficile en raison des particularités physiologiques du cœur dénervé et de la gestion du traitement immunosuppresseur avec le risque de rejet et d’infection. Nous discutons la prise en charge anesthésique à travers un cas d’un patient âgé de 60 ans transplanté cardiaque devant subir une chirurgie de cure d’éventration abdominale et une revue de la littérature. PMID:28154639

  10. De l'hémoglobine SS à SF: intérêt de l'hydroxyurée dans la prise en charge de la drépanocytose chez 2 enfants congolais et revue de la literature

    Nkashama, Gayllord Mutoke; Wakamb, Gray Kanteng A; Mulangu, Augustin Mutombo; Nkashama, Georges Mutoke; Kupa, Boniface Kabeya; Numbi, Oscar Luboya


    La drépanocytose est une maladie grave par ses complications et par les difficultés liées à sa prise en charge, notamment en milieu sous-équipé. Les auteurs rapportent l'effet bénéfique de l'hydroxyurée dans la prise en charge de deux patients drépanocytaires, au prix cependant d'une surveillance hématologique rigoureuse. Une revue de la littérature étaye par ailleurs les modalités d'administration de ce médicament et les perspectives ultérieures d'un tel traitement dans la drépanocytose. PMID:26327961

  11. An individual subjectivist critique of the use of corpus linguistics to inform pedagogical materials

    Kendall Richards


    Full Text Available Corpus linguistics, or the gathering together of language into a body for analysis and development of materials, is claimed to be an assured, established method (or field that valuably informs pedagogical materials and knowledge of language (e.g. Ädel 2010; Gardner & Nesi, 2013. The fundamental validity of corpus linguistics is rarely, if ever, critiqued. In this empirical paper we critically consider the foundations of corpus linguistics as being based on an abstract objectivist view of language. We critique this foundation through the lens of an individual subjectivist view of language. Our introduction outlines abstract objectivist and individual subjectivist views of language described by Voloshinov (1973. We then present what is claimed regarding corpus linguistics, and consider contemporary critiques of these claims . We then critique the foundations of corpus linguistics from an individual subjectivist view of language. We illustrate this critique by drawing on data from interviews and focus groups with content material lecturers and students in the subject areas of ‘Business’; ‘Nursing’; ‘Design’ and ‘Computing’. These data question the fundamental assumption about how  corpus linguistics operates: that what is counted is indeed countable. The data  show how ostensibly similar words are understood in very different ways with very different underpinning psychological elements. We argue that corpus linguistics thus informs pedagogical materials with a merely passive understanding of the language. This view can only gain access to the inert crust of previous language, because it removes language from its individual subjective context. This context is fundamental to giving language the conscious and psychological elements that underpin its use. We argue the language should be taught through dialogue in this subject context and not removed from it.

  12. Students' abilities to critique scientific evidence when reading and writing scientific arguments

    Knight, Amanda M.

    Scientific arguments are used to persuade others for explanations that make sense of the natural world. Over time, through the accumulation of evidence, one explanation for a scientific phenomenon tends to take precedence. In science education, arguments make students' thinking and reasoning visible while also supporting the development of their conceptual, procedural, and epistemic knowledge. As such, argumentation has become a goal within recent policy documents, including the Next Generation Science Standards, which, in turn, presents a need for comprehensive, effective, and scalable assessments. This dissertation used assessments that measure students' abilities to critique scientific evidence, which is measured in terms of the form of justification and the support of empirical evidence, when reading and writing scientific arguments. Cognitive interviews were then conducted with a subset of the students to explore the criteria they used to critique scientific evidence. Specifically, the research investigated what characteristics of scientific evidence the students preferred, how they critiqued both forms of justification and empirical evidence, and whether the four constructs represented four separate abilities. Findings suggest that students' prioritized the type of empirical evidence to the form of justification, and most often selected relevant-supporting justifications. When writing scientific arguments, most students constructed a justified claim, but struggled to justify their claims with empirical evidence. In comparison, when reading scientific arguments, students had trouble locating a justification when it was not empirical data. Additionally, it was more difficult for students to critique than identify or locate empirical evidence, and it was more difficult for students to identify than locate empirical evidence. Findings from the cognitive interviews suggest that students with more specific criteria tended to have more knowledge of the construct

  13. Critical Appraisal of Information on the Web in Practice: Undergraduate Students’ Knowledge, Reported Use, and Behaviour / Évaluation critique de l’information sur la toile : une vision pratique : les connaissances des étudiants de premier cycle, leur uti

    Neil R. Hogan


    Full Text Available Undergraduates use a wide range of information resources for academic and nonacademic purposes, including web sites that range from credible, peer reviewed, online journal sites, to biased and inaccurate promotional web sites. Students are taught basic critical appraisal skills, but do they apply these skills to make decisions about information in different web sites? In an experimental setting, undergraduate students examined pairs of web sites containing conflicting information based on different aspects of critical appraisal, namely credibility of the author of the information, purpose of the web site, and last update of the site, and answered multiple choice questions about the conflicting information. Results indicated that students failed to use critical appraisal criteria, and that while knowledge of and self-reported use of these criteria were related to each other, they were not related to behaviour. This research demonstrates the need for alternative strategies for critical appraisal instruction and assessment. Les étudiants de premier cycle consultent une vaste gamme de sources d’information à des fins universitaires et non universitaires, y compris des sites Web allant de revues en ligne crédibles et évaluées par des pairs à des sites Web promotionnels partials et inexacts. On enseigne aux étudiants des méthodes de base d’évaluation critique, mais mettent-ils ces méthodes en pratique pour prendre des décisions relativement à l’information tirée de différents sites Web? Dans un cadre expérimental, les étudiants de premier cycle ont étudié des paires de sites Web contenant des informations contradictoires en se fondant sur différents aspects de l’évaluation critique, notamment la crédibilité de l’auteur de l’information, l’intention du site Web et la dernière mise à jour du site, et ont répondu à des questions à choix multiples concernant les informations contradictoires. Les r

  14. Shear-Wave Splitting in a Critical Crust: the Next Step Biréfringence des ondes transversales dans les croûtes critiques : la prochaine étape

    Crampin S.


    échelle, qui contrôle l'ensemble du phénomène, peut maintenant être associée aux contraintes générées par les fluides baignant les fissures intergranulaires. Ceci a probablement l'avantage unique, parmi les systèmes critiques, de donner la possibilité de contrôler en chaque point les détails des déformations avant fracture et l'approche du seuil critique (dans ce cas l'approche d'une fracturation, au moyen d'observations adéquates de la biréfringence des ondes transversales. Cet article passe en revue ces développements et commente leurs conséquences et leurs applications, en particulier les conséquences sur la mise en situation critique des roches spontanément. L'étape suivante sera d'exploiter ces techniques pour modéliser, contrôler et prédire les effets de changements de conditions sur la déformation de la masse rocheuse.

  15. L’aide au développement une fois de plus sous le feu de la critique

    Gilles Carbonnier


    Full Text Available L’auteur remercie Nicole Anliker pour sa collaboration à l’élaboration de cet article.1. IntroductionDans la partie suivante de la Revue internationale de politique de développement,les auteurs analysent les grands enjeux et tendances en matière de politique commerciale, de finance, de sécurité alimentaire et de coopération internationale au développement. Leurs contributions se penchent sur les évolutions intervenues en 2008 et 2009 et analysent notamment les implications de la crise financi...

  16. Le modele de Hubbard bidimensionnel a faible couplage: Thermodynamique et phenomenes critiques

    Roy, Sebastien

    Une etude systematique du modele de Hubbard en deux dimensions a faible couplage a l'aide de la theorie Auto-Coherente a Deux Particules (ACDP) dans le diagramme temperature-dopage-interaction-sauts permet de mettre en evidence l'influence des fluctuations magnetiques sur les proprietes thermodynamiques du systeme electronique sur reseau. Le regime classique renormalise a temperature finie pres du dopage nul est marque par la grandeur de la longueur de correlation de spin comparee a la longueur thermique de de Broglie et est caracterisee par un accroissement drastique de la longueur de correlation de spin. Cette croissance exponentielle a dopage nul marque la presence d'un pic de chaleur specifique en fonction de la temperature a basse temperature. Une temperature de crossover est alors associee a la temperature a laquelle la longueur de correlation de spin est egale a la longueur thermique de de Broglie. C'est a cette temperature caracteristique, ou est observee l'ouverture du pseudogap dans le poids spectral, que se situe le maximum du pic de chaleur specifique. La presence de ce pic a des consequences sur l'evolution du potentiel chimique avec le dopage lorsque l'uniformite thermodynamique est respectee. Les contraintes imposees par les lois de la thermodynamique font en sorte que l'evolution du potentiel chimique avec le dopage est non triviale. On demontre entre autres que le potentiel chimique est proportionnel a la double occupation qui est reliee au moment local. Par ailleurs, une derivation de la fonction de mise a l'echelle de la susceptibilite de spin a frequence nulle au voisinage d'un point critique marque sans equivoque la presence d'un point critique quantique en dopage pour une valeur donnee de l'interaction. Ce point critique, associe a une transition de phase magnetique en fonction du dopage a temperature nulle, induit un comportement non trivial sur les proprietes physiques du systeme a temperature finie. L'approche quantitative ACDP permet de

  17. Full Weight of Evidence as Opposed to Selective Emphasis: A Response to the Critique by Gredler and Shields.

    Prawat, Richard S.


    Criticizes the evidence used by M. Gredler and C. Shields in their critique of Prawat's article about John Dewey and Lev Vygotsky and their educational philosophies. Notes specific problems with citations and interpretations. (SLD)

  18. L'Education des Adultes et les Problemes de Main-D'Oeuvre (Adult Education and Manpower Problems). Les Cahiers de L'I.C.E., 6-7.

    Canadian Inst. for Adult Education, Montreal (Quebec).

    The impact of continuing education on the complex problems encountered in developing and implementing overall manpower policies is discussed and documented in this anthology. An introductory chapter on adult education and the labor force is followed by surveys and critiques of manpower policy and the organization of the labor market in Sweden, the…

  19. Conflicting Ideologies and Language Policy in Adult ESL: Complexities of Language Socialization in a Majority-L1 Classroom

    Mori, Miki


    This study looks at how language ideologies affect and are revealed in language socialization practices in a majority-L1 adult ESL classroom, particularly looking at language use and policy. It draws on recent theories and critiques of language socialization (Bayley & Langman, 2011; Bronson & Watson-Gegeo, 2008; Garrett &…

  20. Integrative Review of the Literature on Adults with Limited Education and Skills and the Implications for Human Resource Development

    Hamilton, David W.; Torraco, Richard J.


    Adults with limited education and skills--those who lack the education and skills needed for full participation in U.S. culture and economy--are increasing in numbers. However, the knowledge base addressing this population and their educational needs is fragmented across the literature of several disciplines. A comprehensive review and critique of…

  1. Integrative Review of the Literature on Adults with Limited Education and Skills and the Implications for Human Resource Development

    Hamilton, David W.; Torraco, Richard J.


    Adults with limited education and skills--those who lack the education and skills needed for full participation in U.S. culture and economy--are increasing in numbers. However, the knowledge base addressing this population and their educational needs is fragmented across the literature of several disciplines. A comprehensive review and critique of…

  2. Conflicting Ideologies and Language Policy in Adult ESL: Complexities of Language Socialization in a Majority-L1 Classroom

    Mori, Miki


    This study looks at how language ideologies affect and are revealed in language socialization practices in a majority-L1 adult ESL classroom, particularly looking at language use and policy. It draws on recent theories and critiques of language socialization (Bayley & Langman, 2011; Bronson & Watson-Gegeo, 2008; Garrett &…

  3. Le réseau des petites revues littéraires belges, modernistes et d’avant-garde, du début des années 1920 : construction d’un modèle et proposition de schématisation

    Daphné de Marneffe


    Full Text Available L’ensemble des revues littéraires belges, modernistes et d’avant-garde, de l’immédiat après-guerre est ici appréhendé en terme de « réseau ». Ce réseau est caractérisé par son ouverture, son hétérogénéité, la logique de solidarité qui le régit et son déploiement dans la durée. Ce réseau de revues a d’une part une dimension intertextuelle (revues comme lieux d’expression se faisant écho et d’autre part une dimension interpersonnelle (revues comme milieux interconnectés. Ces deux aspects peuvent être visualisés à travers différents schémas.In this article, the Belgian modernist and avant-garde literary periodicals from the post-World War I period are presented as “a network”. This network shows some remarkable characteristics, namely openness, heterogeneity, apparent solidarity among the different periodicals and its evolution in time. This network has an intertextual dimension - which sees periodicals as a means of expressing and bouncing of ideas - and an interpersonal dimension – which sees literary periodicals as interconnected entities. Several schemes bring this two-dimensional texture to the fore.De Belgische modernistische en avant-garde literaire tijdschriften uit de directe naoorlogse periode worden hier bestudeerd als een netwerk, dat enkele typische kenmerken vertoont: openheid, heterogeniteit, onderlinge solidariteit tussen de tijdschriften en ontplooiing in de tijd. Dit netwerk heeft enerzijds een intertekstuele dimensie (tijdschriften als uitdrukkingsmiddel voor ideeën die elkaar beantwoorden en anderzijds een interpersoonlijke dimensie (tijdschriften die verwante milieus aanspreken. Beide aspecten kunnen in verschillende schema’s visueel worden uitgedrukt.

  4. Critiques and developments in world-systems analysis: an introduction to the special collection[1

    Richard E. Lee


    Full Text Available From its inception, the world-systems perspective was not onlyenormously influential in long-term, large-scale social research; it also attracted a set of serious critiques. These fell into the general areas of the emergence of the capitalist world-economy; reductionism in the mode of argument; surplus appropriation and accumulation, including the question of class; and the general exclusion of an analysis of any role for “culture.” It is concrete developments in world-systems analysis over the past three decades,although not to the exclusion of explicit responses to critiques, that have gone a long way in addressing these concerns. They fall most notably into the areas of commodity chains, households, world-ecology, and the structures of knowledge.

  5. Subject Between Negativity and Aufhebung/désoeuvrement. Refutation of the Cryptotheological Critique of Agamben

    Mikołaj Ratajczak


    Full Text Available The aim of this article is a detailed analysis of the critique concerning the conceptof subjectivity in Giorgio Agamben’s philosophy made by the Polish philosopherAgata Bielik-Robson arguing for her own conceptualization of subject’s ethicalformation. The main thesis states that by situating Agamben in the conceptualhorizon he aims to overcome, her critique stopped halfway. In doing so, the articleshows that the common ground of both Agamben’s and Bielik-Robson’s views onthe subject is the philosophy of Hegel and the differences between them can beexplicated as the difference in choosing one of two strategies of subject’s formationderiving from Hegel: while Bielik-Robson radicalizes the moment of negativity,Agamben tries to elaborate a different (messianic logic of Aufhebung.

  6. The politics of the metaphysical imagination. Critiquing transnational corporate power via Plato’s cave

    Paul G. Tyson


    Full Text Available Plato’s analogy of the cave evokes a complex picture of the way cultural power is imaginatively constructed in order to maintain prevailing norms and stratifications, via the use of technologies of collective belief manipulation. To Plato, collective imagination is central to the modes of spiritual enslavement which embed us in morally defective structures of power. This paper will argue, along Plato’s metaphysical trajectory, that without the positing of moral truth, critique is self-defeating and every type of power devolves towards mute violence in support of the interests of the strong at the expense of the weak. Following Plato’s trajectory, this paper will seek to morally critique the post-political advance of transnational corporate power, drawing out both the manipulative and immoral technologies of collective imagination formation which underpins this trend, and the role of metaphysical imagination as a still viable path towards the moral reform of power.

  7. The implications of conceptual critiques and empirical research on unconscious processes for psychoanalytic theory.

    Eagle, Morris N


    The paper examines the implications of conceptual critiques and empirical research on psychoanalytic formulations of unconscious processes. Different conceptions of unconscious processes and states are discussed: as markers for brain states, as unformulated and not-spelled-out fleeting experiences, and as implicit knowledge. The author notes and discusses the interpersonal and interactional aspects of unconscious processes in classical theory as well as in contemporary formulations. Representative examples of empirical research on unconscious processes are presented and their implications for psychoanalytic conceptions are examined. The author then discusses the conception of unconscious processes that emerges in view of conceptual critiques, empirical research findings, and clinical phenomena. Finally, the emphasis of both early and late Freudian theory on integration of various aspects of the personality rather than (or at least in addition to) on conscious versus unconscious is noted, and various ways of understanding what it means to make the unconscious conscious are discussed.

  8. Détermination du flux critique : un outil pour la maîtrise du colmatage ?

    Espinasse, Benjamin; Bacchin, Patrice; Aimar, Pierre


    L'étude présentée ici repose sur la détermination expérimentale du flux critique en ultrafiltration de suspension colloïdales, la caractérisation macroscopique des suspensions colloïdales et l'utilisation d'un modèle alimenté par ces caractéristiques. Une méthode précise de mesure de flux critique est présentée permettant de savoir si une diminution de flux est due à une accumulation de matière réversible ou irréversible. La pression osmotique est la mesure qui a été privilégiée pour caractér...

  9. Critiques of Serbian Civil Code of 1844 with special reference to provisions on zadruga

    Kulauzov Maša


    Full Text Available Critiques of Serbian Civil Code of 1844 were presented in this paper. Namely, Serbian Code was not an original work, but rather abridged version of Austrian Civil Code (Allgemeines Bürgerliches Gesetzbuch. Critics objected to author of the Code Jovan Hadžić that he took himself too much liberty in his redaction work, so that some provisions become unclear. Hadžić was also criticized for very difficult language and style of codification and sometimes inaccurate legal terminology. But mostly Hadžić was criticized for miscomprehension of the legal nature of so - called zadruga (extended family, common among South Slavs, product of customary law. The entire institute of zadruga was regulated rather superficially, so that sometimes it was considered as a legal entity and sometimes as a condominium. Therefore, critiques of the provisions on zadruga were particularly examined in this paper.

  10. Medicine and Mind-Body Dualism: A Reply to Mehta's Critique.

    Joubert, Callie


    Neeta Mehta recently advanced the thesis that medical practice is facing a crisis today. In her paper "Mind-body dualism: a critique from a health perspective" she attributes the crisis to the philosophy of Descartes and set out to understand why this dualism is still alive despite its disavowal from philosophers, health practitioners and lay people. The aim of my reply to her critique is three-fold. First, I draw attention to a more fundamental problem and show that dualism is inescapable-scientifically and commonsensically. I then focus on the self-conscious emotions of shame, guilt and remorse, and argue that the self is not identical with a brain. The third section draws attention to the crisis in psychiatry and stipulates some of the main reasons why this is so. Contrary to Mehta's thesis, the health profession faces a crisis because of physicalism and biological reductionism.

  11. Obstetrics in a Time of Violence: Mexican Midwives Critique Routine Hospital Practices.

    Zacher Dixon, Lydia


    Mexican midwives have long taken part in a broader Latin American trend to promote "humanized birth" as an alternative to medicalized interventions in hospital obstetrics. As midwives begin to regain authority in reproductive health and work within hospital units, they come to see the issue not as one of mere medicalization but of violence and violation. Based on ethnographic fieldwork with midwives from across Mexico during a time of widespread social violence, my research examines an emergent critique of hospital birth as a site of what is being called violencia obstétrica (obstetric violence). In this critique, women are discussed as victims of explicit abuse by hospital staff and by the broader health care infrastructures. By reframing obstetric practices as violent-as opposed to medicalized-these midwives seek to situate their concerns about women's health care in Mexico within broader regional discussions about violence, gender, and inequality. © 2015 by the American Anthropological Association.

  12. Managed care or managed inequality? A call for critiques of market-based medicine.

    Rylko-Bauer, Barbara; Farmer, Paul


    This review article critiques the growing dominance of market-based medicine in the United States against the background of existing problems with quality of care, rising costs, devaluation of doctor-patient relationships, and, especially, persistent inequalities of access and outcomes. It summarizes the present state of health care delivery by focusing on the concurrent trends of growth in managed care, expanding profits, increasing proportion of those uninsured, and widening racial, ethnic, and class disparities in access to care. Allowing market forces to dictate the shape of health care delivery in this country ensures that inequalities will continue to grow and modern medicine will become increasingly adept at managing inequality rather than managing (providing) care. The article challenges anthropology to become more involved in critiquing these developments and suggests how anthropologists can expand on and contextualize debates surrounding the market's role in medicine, here and abroad.

  13. Research integrity and rights of indigenous peoples: appropriating Foucault's critique of knowledge/power.

    Swazo, Norman K


    In this paper I appropriate the philosophical critique of Michel Foucault as it applies to the engagement of Western science and indigenous peoples in the context of biomedical research. The science of population genetics, specifically as pursued in the Human Genome Diversity Project, is the obvious example to illustrate (a) the contraposition of modern science and 'indigenous science', (b) the tendency to depreciate and marginalize indigenous knowledge systems, and (c) the subsumption of indigenous moral preferences in the juridical armature of international human rights law. I suggest that international bioethicists may learn from Foucault's critique, specifically of the need for vigilance about the knowledge/power relation expressed by the contraposition of modern science and 'indigeneity'.

  14. Cultural explanations for the persistence of migrant labour in Southern Africa: a critique.

    Gelderblom, D


    In 1986 the South African government relaxed the law that made it illegal for blacks to live in urban areas. The author discusses some reasons why blacks might choose to remain in rural areas and continue as migrant laborers. In particular, a critique is presented of arguments that base their explanations of the continuance of migrant labor on the value system or culture of migrant laborers.

  15. Designing leadership chairs: Experiments with affirmative critique of leadership and environmentality

    Malou Juelskjær


    Full Text Available Through a methodology of having students ‘design’ leadership chairs, we investigate how contemporary leadership and governing operate by orchestrating affects and strategically shaping the physical environment in order to transform and shape intensities, desires, atmospheres, and social relations. By presenting a pedagogical framing as ‘a posthuman sensorium’, with its design of leadership chairs and art of conversation, we invite engagement with dilemmas and problems of contemporary organizing processes as a careful affirmative critique.

  16. Pluralism, the Lucas critique, and the integration of macro and micro

    Skott, Peter


    Mainstream macroeconomics has pursued .micro founded.models based on the explicit optimization by representative agents. The result has been a long and wasteful detour. But elements of the Lucas critique are relevant, also for heterodox economists. Challenging common heterodox views on microeconomics and formalization, this paper argues that (i) economic models should not be based purely on empirically observed regularities,(ii) heterodox economists must be able to tell an integrated story ab...

  17. A Sociological Critique of 'Grand Narratives' in the History of Hospice and Palliative Care

    Curtis, Mary


    This thesis is a sociological history and critique of hospice and palliative care: their goals, narratives, and social, clinical and ethical practices. Hospice developed in Britain as a result of and challenge to interventionist biomedicine within hospitals where dying came to be viewed as medical failure. From the mid twentieth century hospice was promoted as a 'philosophy of care' that had at its locus a concept of 'whole' person family care for people who are dying. For the ...

  18. Portraits of Archetypes : Joyce, Campbell’s Dark Glass and a Tourney of Critiques

    Paul, Mason


    Archetypal criticism has fallen out of fashion, perhaps because of its association with the highly structuralist approach of Northrop Frye. However it does have something to offer the critic. In this paper, James Joyce's A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man is explored from the perspective of myth, and this approach compared and contrasted with critiques of writers employing other approaches. From a re-evaluation of archetypal criticism taking into account post-modern developments, the pap...

  19. Beyond discovery: A review of the critique of the discovery view of opportunities

    Korsgaard, Steffen T.

    This paper systematically reviews and synthesises the critique since 2000 of the discovery view's interpretation of entrepreneurial opportunities. The review shows that the framing of the debate as polarised between two oppositions, the discovery view versus the creation view, is oversimplified......, emphasising distributed agency, non-linear processes, opportunities as formed, and the role of creativity. However, the paper also points to unresolved issues in relation to all four propositions that require further empirical and conceptual work....

  20. Critique of FY 1984 Advertising Mix Test of Wharton Center for Applied Research.


    advertising budgets to be recommended =. without reference to other activities such as sales effort and promotion and incentive programs is unusual, to...experiment and the selection of ADIs for the Reduced advertising Cells in the 1979 Navy Enlistment Marketing Experiment (reported in Marketing Science...AD-Ai?3 653 CRITIQUE OF FY 1984 ADVERTISING NIX TEST OF MHARTON i/1 CENTER FOR APPLIED RE..(U) TEXAS UNIV AT AUSTIN CENTER FOR CYBERNETIC STUDIES A

  1. An individual subjectivist critique of the use of corpus linguistics to inform pedagogical materials

    Kendall Richards; Nick Pilcher


    Corpus linguistics, or the gathering together of language into a body for analysis and development of materials, is claimed to be an assured, established method (or field) that valuably informs pedagogical materials and knowledge of language (e.g. Ädel 2010; Gardner & Nesi, 2013). The fundamental validity of corpus linguistics is rarely, if ever, critiqued. In this empirical paper we critically consider the foundations of corpus linguistics as being based on an abstract objectivist view of la...

  2. Neurosciences au service de la communication commerciale : manipulation et éthique - Une critique du neuromarketing

    Courbet, Didier; Benoit, Denis


    title : Neurosciences in the service of marketing communication: manipulation and ethics- A critique of neuromarketing Abstract : By using knowledge in neurosciences, the neuromarketing claims to be capable of influencing the purchasing behavior of the persons without they are conscious of it, and thus, improve commercial communication strategies. We defend another hypothesis: the neuromarketing would be essentially a "marketing trick". Through a critical analysis of this instrumentalization ...

  3. Aggregate demand, endogenous money, and debt: a Keynesian critique of Keen and an alternative theoretical framework

    Thomas I. Palley


    This paper presents a Keynesian critique of Steve Keen's treatment of the aggregate demand–credit–endogenous money nexus. It argues his analytic intuition is correct but is developed in the wrong direction. Keen's fundamental relation describing determination of AD in an endogenous credit money economy suffers from two flaws. First, it neglects the core Keynesian problematic of leakages from and injections into the circular flow of income. Second, it falls into the theoretical morass rega...

  4. Bank-based versus market-based financial systems: a critique of the dichotomy

    Malcolm Sawyer


    The paper sets out different perspectives on the bank-based vs market-based typology of financial systems. It presents a general critique of the typology, paying particular attention to the ways in which the typology reflects a loanable funds approach, ignoring the roles of banks in the credit money creation process, and the neglect of different types of banks. It is argued that banks should be viewed as institutions engaged in market transactions and the equity markets as also institutions i...

  5. Marx and the critique of capitalist society: critique of labor/Marx e a crítica ontológica da sociedade capitalista: crítica do trabalho

    Mario Duayer


    Full Text Available The paper seeks to emphasize what in my opinion can be consideredthe main thrust of Marxian work: the critique of political economy as an ontological critique of the modern capitalist society. Such critique begins to take its ultimate form with the Grundrisse. The argument runs as follows. Firstly, it tries to show briefly the debilitating effects, both in theory and practice, brought about in the last decades by the dissolution of the Marxian ontological critique. Secondly, it argues that real critique is ontological critique and, consequently, has to explain what such a critique consists of. Finally, agreeing with Postone’s suggested reinterpretation of Marx’s ideas, but diverging from him precisely with respect to ontology, it suggests that the ontological critique produced by Marx is a critique of labor or, in other words, critique of the centrality of labor, which is specific of the capitalist society.O artigo pretende destacar o que constitui para mim o propósitocentral da obra marxiana que, nos Grundrisse, começa a tomar forma acabada,a saber, a crítica da economia política como crítica ontológica da modernasociedade capitalista. O argumento está assim estruturado. Em primeiro lugar,inicio procurando mostrar de maneira sintética os efeitos paralisantes, teóricose práticos, da dissolução da crítica ontológica marxiana nas últimas décadas.Em segundo lugar, e justamente por isso, tento sustentar que crítica de fato écrítica ontológica e, em consequência, devo mostrar de que se trata essa crítica.Por último, concordando com a interpretação da obra de Marx proposta porMoishe Postone, mas diferindo dela precisamente no que diz respeito à onto-logia, procuro demonstrar que a crítica ontológica elaborada por Marx é críticado trabalho, ou, caso se queira, crítica da centralidade do trabalho, própria eespecífica da sociedade capitalista.

  6. Écriture (autobiographique dans l'Examen critique d'Alexandre de Humboldt

    Julian Drews


    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Der Bezug auf Kolumbus ist ein Gemeinplatz der Humboldtbiographik. Humboldt selbst betont ihn besonders in seinem Examen critique, wo er eine autobiographische Dimension gewinnt. Der Beitrag geht aus literaturwissenschaftlicher Perspektive dem Material und den Formen der Inszenierung nach, mit denen ein Leben über ein anderes dargestellt wird.  Résumé La référence à Colomb est un lieu commun de la biographie humboldtienne. Humboldt lui-même le souligne particulièrement dans son Examen critique, en y ajoutant une dimension autobiographique. La contribution analyse, dans une perspective philologique, le matériel et les formes de mise en scène avec lesquelles une vie est représentée au travers d'une autre.  Summary The reference to Columbus is a commonplace in Humboldt-biography. Humboldt himself is using it in his Examen critique which subjoins a auto-biographical dimension. This articel examines from a philological point of view the materials and literary strategies by which one life comes to represent another.

  7. Excerpt from Pluralist Universalism: An Asian Americanist Critique of U.S. and Chinese Multiculturalisms

    Wen Jin


    Full Text Available Pluralist Universalism: An Asian Americanist Critique of U.S. and Chinese Multiculturalisms is an extended comparison of US and Chinese multiculturalisms during the post–Cold War era. Her book situates itself at the intersection of Asian American literary critique and the growing field of comparative multiculturalism. Through readings of fictional narratives that address the issue of racial and ethnic difference in both national contexts simultaneously, the author models a “double critique” framework for US–Chinese comparative literary studies.The book approaches U.S. liberal multiculturalism and China’s ethnic policy as two competing multiculturalisms, one grounded primarily in a history of racial desegregation and the other in the legacies of a socialist revolution. Since the end of the Cold War, the two multiculturalisms have increasingly been brought into contact through translation and other forms of mediation. Pluralist Universalism demonstrates that a number of fictional narratives, including those commonly classified as Chinese, American, and Chinese American, have illuminated incongruities and connections between the ethno-racial politics of the two nations.The “double critique” framework builds upon critical perspectives developed in Asian American studies and adjacent fields. The book brings to life an innovative vision of Asian American literary critique, even as it offers a unique intervention in ideas of ethnicity and race prevailing in both China and the United States in the post–Cold War era.

  8. The Madoffization of Irish society: from Ponzi finance to sociological critique.

    Monaghan, Lee F; O'Flynn, Micheal


    Financialization and neoliberal policy created the Celtic Tiger. This economic 'miracle' furthered creditors' and property developers' speculative interests, leading to an unstable financial pyramid that eventually imploded in 2008 with catastrophic consequences for Irish society. Using the sociological imagination as social critique, this paper offers a lens on fictitious capital and Ponzi finance in the context of Ireland's boom and bust. Critique is advanced using the Madoffization of society thesis, a sociological heuristic that draws formal comparisons between Bernie Madoff's US$65 billion Ponzi scheme, which collapsed in 2008, and financialized capitalism. The Madoff case exhibits five main elements or forms which, it has been argued, underlie the varying content of life on a much broader scale: accumulation by debt expansion, mass deception, efforts to maintain secrecy and silence, obfuscation, and scapegoating. In conclusion, a crucial difference between the Madoff case and the Madoffization of Irish society is underscored. Discussion also moves from critique to hope amidst calls to renew sociology and transform financialized capitalism. © London School of Economics and Political Science 2017.

  9. Response to ProPublica's Rebuttal of Our Critique of the Surgeon Scorecard.

    Friedberg, Mark W; Bilimoria, Karl Y; Pronovost, Peter J; Shahian, David M; Damberg, Cheryl L; Zaslavsky, Alan M


    In the summer of 2015, ProPublica published its Surgeon Scorecard, which displays "Adjusted Complication Rates" for individual, named surgeons for eight surgical procedures performed in hospitals. Public reports of provider performance have the potential to improve the quality of health care that patients receive. A valid performance report can drive quality improvement and usefully inform patients' choices of providers. However, performance reports with poor validity and reliability are potentially damaging to all involved. In September 2015, RAND released a critique of the Scorecard authored by a group of health policy researchers from RAND and other institutions, and on October 7, 2015 ProPublica published a rebuttal of our critique. In this follow-on Perspective, we revisit the main points in our initial critique, summarize ProPublica's rebuttal, explain why this rebuttal fails to address our methodological concerns, provide suggestions on how to validate and improve the Scorecard, and explain why we continue to advise potential users of the Scorecard, as it is currently constructed, not to consider it a valid or reliable predictor of the health outcomes any individual surgeon is likely to provide.

  10. Seventy Years of Social Psychology: A Cultural and Personal Critique

    Gustav Jahoda


    Full Text Available This paper traces some salient aspects of my research career, focusing largely on work in West Africa. From this lessons are drawn about the shortcomings of social psychology, especially in its laboratory version. It tends to tacitly ignore the effects of cultural influences, assuming that its findings are universally valid. Studies are mainly conducted with adults, generally college students, who are unrepresentative even of the general population of the United States where the bulk of social psychological studies are concentrated. This is justified in terms an alleged ‘psychic unity’. Social psychology pays little attention to the processes whereby children become socialized into particular cultures, which then governs their social behaviour. Methods are usually formal, and observational ones are eschewed, so that research takes place in artificial setting. This brings me to the almost complete absence of links with cognate disciplines, notably anthropology, which could greatly enrich social psychology. Suggestions are made for more wide-ranging approaches which would overcome the aridity of a great deal of current experimental social psychological research.

  11. Critique and Contribute: A Practice-Based Framework for Improving Critical Data Studies and Data Science.

    Neff, Gina; Tanweer, Anissa; Fiore-Gartland, Brittany; Osburn, Laura


    What would data science look like if its key critics were engaged to help improve it, and how might critiques of data science improve with an approach that considers the day-to-day practices of data science? This article argues for scholars to bridge the conversations that seek to critique data science and those that seek to advance data science practice to identify and create the social and organizational arrangements necessary for a more ethical data science. We summarize four critiques that are commonly made in critical data studies: data are inherently interpretive, data are inextricable from context, data are mediated through the sociomaterial arrangements that produce them, and data serve as a medium for the negotiation and communication of values. We present qualitative research with academic data scientists, "data for good" projects, and specialized cross-disciplinary engineering teams to show evidence of these critiques in the day-to-day experience of data scientists as they acknowledge and grapple with the complexities of their work. Using ethnographic vignettes from two large multiresearcher field sites, we develop a set of concepts for analyzing and advancing the practice of data science and improving critical data studies, including (1) communication is central to the data science endeavor; (2) making sense of data is a collective process; (3) data are starting, not end points, and (4) data are sets of stories. We conclude with two calls to action for researchers and practitioners in data science and critical data studies alike. First, creating opportunities for bringing social scientific and humanistic expertise into data science practice simultaneously will advance both data science and critical data studies. Second, practitioners should leverage the insights from critical data studies to build new kinds of organizational arrangements, which we argue will help advance a more ethical data science. Engaging the insights of critical data studies will

  12. The Revue Pour Tous and the First Criticism of the Biological Evolutionism After Introduced into China%《汇报》与生物进化论输华后遭遇的首次诘难

    魏梦月; 李楠; 姚远


    Based on the articles about the criticism of the biological evolutionism in the Revue Pour Tous,with the application of the original journal literature analysis and textual research method,the critical standpoints of Laurentius Li,as the catholic missionary,to the biological evolutionism were deeply analysed.It was concluded that the fatal flaws of the biological evolutionism,as one of three great scientific discoveries in the 19th century,were found by Laurentius Li,who was a vindicator for the catholic tenet,in the scientific and philosophical angle.The Revue Pour Tous was the first missionary journal to criticize the biological evolutionism,and it was one of the most valuable investigations on introducing western natural science by journal.%基于《汇报》上所刊发的批驳生物进化论之言论,运用原始文献考证与分析法,深入探析其主编李杕作为天主教传教士对生物进化论所持的批驳立场及深远影响。结论认为李杕作为忠诚的天主教牧师,为维护天主教教义不惜向19世纪的三大自然科学发现之一——生物进化论发难,从科学和哲学角度深刻地批驳生物进化论的致命缺陷,其主编的《汇报》也成为最早对生物进化论发起攻击的传教士期刊,从而成为经由期刊传入西方近代自然科学极有研究价值的一个典型案例。

  13. Une espérance post-critique ? Enjeux critiques de la conception ricœurienne de l'imaginaire social



    Full Text Available RésuméLa fondation anthropologique de la fonction critique – socialement endossée par l’imaginaire utopique – et son lien dynamique avec la tâche intégrative de l’idéologie permettent à Ricœur de repenser sur le plan socio-politique la double nécessité du soupçon et de l’espérance. En reliant l’analyse de la structure contradictoire et analogisante de l’imaginaire social aux perspectives antérieurement développées sur “la liberté selon l’espérance,” notre propos vise à expliciter ses enjeux émancipateurs. Les apories auxquelles les médiations symboliques contraignent l’agir doivent nourrir la double nécessité d’un “devoir de vigilance” et d’une “timide espérance”: telle est à la fois la difficulté irréductible et la force critique de l’analyse ricœurienne de l’imagination socialisante.Mots-clés: imaginaire social, critique, idéologie, utopie, espérance.AbstractThe anthropological foundation of the critical function—endorsed by the utopian imaginary—and its dynamic relation with the integrative task of ideology allow Ricœur to rethink, at a social and political level, the necessity of both suspicion and hope. Linking Ricœur’s analysis of the contradictory and analogizing structure of the social imaginary to perspectives on “freedom in the light of hope,” which were developed earlier, it is my intention to make explicit certain emancipatory issues. The aporiae to which symbolic mediations constrict acting must provide for the necessity of both an “obligation for vigilance” and a “tentative hope.” Such is the irreducible difficulty but also the critical force of Ricœur’s analysis of the socializing imagination.Keywords: Social Imaginary, Criticism, Ideology, Utopia, Hope.

  14. Les origines de la critique de science-fiction : de Kepler à Wells

    Arthur B. Evans


    Full Text Available Des notes de 1634 de Johannes Kepler sur son Songe aux essais d’H. G. Wells au début du xxe siècle, il y a eu de nombreuses explorations critiques de la littérature que nous appelons à présent science-fiction. Les commentaires de ces premiers critiques (souvent oubliés importent principalement parce qu’ils exprimaient nombre des inquiétudes (sinon toutes qui deviendraient plus tard centrales à la critique de la SF du xxe siècle : l’impact de la science et de la technologie sur les valeurs humaines, la logistique du voyage spatial, les frontières fluctuantes entre le réel et l’imaginaire, la description de l’« altérité » radicale, et les futurs possibles de notre monde. Bien plus, elles soulevaient invariablement des questions essentielles concernant les traits définitoires du genre lui-même dans sa forme en constante évolution : ses thèmes de prédilection, ses visées sociales, son didactisme scientifique et moral, son degré de vraisemblance constitutif, et sa place dans le canon littéraire occidental. Enfin, à l’aube du nouveau millénaire, il semble pertinent de regarder notre passé lointain pour redécouvrir ce que ces premiers commentateurs avaient à dire des nombreux ouvrages de science-fiction de leur époque : ceci sert à approfondir notre connaissance de la continuité historique du débat actuel sur la SF et à nous faire prendre conscience de la façon dont les choses ont à la fois beaucoup et peu changé à travers les siècles.

  15. A Critique on Katie's Language in Mockingbird Don't Sing

    彭巧兰; 闵家顺


    This paper aims at critiquing Katie's language in the famous film, Mockingbird Don't Sing, which is a 2001 American independent film based on the true story of Genie, a modern-day feral child, discovered in California in 1970. The analyses of Katie's language are based on Katie's language by the stimulation of some people around her after she escaped from her home according to the theories of the interactionist position, Behaviorism, the affective filter hypothesis, Innatism, the stages of lan-guage development and the critical period hypothesis. Katie's abnormal language bitterly proves the importance of critical peri-od for language acquisition and language learning.

  16. Physiatrie and German maternal feminism: Dr. Anna Fischer-Dückelmann critiques academic medicine.

    Meyer, Paulette


    Alternative medicine and reform strategies made Anna Fischer-Dückelmann a most controversial, notorious, and widely read women doctor before World War I. She published a dozen titles in 13 languages asserting that national well-being depended on maternal prowess. To her critics, Fischer-Dückelmann's commitment to medical self-help and practices of Physiatrie amounted to medical quackery. Her career has been largely unexamined, yet her feminist critiques and social concerns are not far removed from modern social medicine. For this pioneering doctor, treating physical and emotional ills and promoting the health of families were first steps toward healing the divisions of a world at war.

  17. The Egyptian Islamic Group’s Critique of Al-Qaeda’s Interpretation of Jihad

    Paul Kamolnick


    Full Text Available A specific branch of Islamic jurisprudence (fiqh al-jihad regulates the waging of the jihad of the sword (jihad bis saif. In this article, a detailed exposition is presented of the Egyptian Islamic Group’s (IG; Al-Gama’a Al-Islamiyya use of fiqh al jihad against Al-Qaeda. The present author’s ‘jihad-realist’ approach is first briefly described; the IG’s critique of AQ systematically outlined; and in conclusion, implications are derived for counter-radicalisation strategies.

  18. Hegel avec Freud. Psychanalyse, subjectivité et critique sociale dans l’École de Francfort

    Louis Carré


    Full Text Available The Frankfurt School has often been associated to the project of “marrying” Freud’s psychoanalysis with a Marxian critique of capitalist societies. This article offers however another version of the link between Critical Theory and psychoanalysis. After having briefly sketched the notion of a “critical theory of society”, the Author shows how a critique of modern capitalist societies and Freudian psychoanalysis actually meet at a “methodological” level for which the marriage between Hegel and Freud seems to be the relevant one. As a conclusion, the Author contrasts two kinds of social critique that can be found in the Frankfurt School, which are deeply linked with the first and the latest generation of the Frankfurt School considered in their relation to psychoanalysis.

  19. Craig, Todd. ""'Jackin’ for Beats'": DJing for Citation Critique." Radical Teacher [Online], 97 (2013: 20-29. Web. 19 Feb. 2014

    Radical Teacher


    Full Text Available Radical Teacher wishes to apologize to Todd Craig for misprinting the title of his article in RT 97 (Hip Hop and Critical Pedagogy.  Instead of   “’Jackin’ for Beats’”: DJing for Citation Critique, the title should have been “Jackin’ for Beats”: DJing for Citation Critique.

  20. In Search of a Real Analysis: CBAE Leaders Respond to the Collins Critique.

    Parker, James T.


    Ten adult educators react negatively to "A Critical Analysis of Competency-Based Systems in Adult Education" by Michael Collins that appeared in the Spring, 1983 Adult Education Quarterly, Vol. 33, No. 3 (EJ 279 024). (JOW)

  1. Was epicurus a buddhist? An examination and critique of the theories of negative happiness in buddha and epicurus

    Adam Barkman


    Full Text Available betw western philosophies are uncommon and this, among other things, hinders global philosophical discourse. Thus, in this essay I want to compare the philosophies of the Buddha and Epicurus for similarities, particular in regard to what I call "negative happiness." Once I have establish this, I want to give a brief critique of negative happiness, which subsequently amounts to a selective critique of Buddhism and Epicureanism.

  2. Jaspers' critique of essentialist theories of schizophrenia and the phenomenological response.

    Mishara, Aaron L; Schwartz, Michael A


    This contribution reviews the fin de siècle and immediately following efforts (Berze, Gross, Jung, Stransky, Weygandt, and others) to find a fundamental psychological disturbance (psychologische Grundstörung) underlying the symptoms of dementia praecox, later renamed schizophrenia by Bleuler (1908, 1911). In his General Psychopathology (1913), Jaspers brings order into the field by bringing to psychopathology a scientific basis coupled with phenomenological rigor. He was critical of theories that proposed an essence of schizophrenia, which is merely asserted verbally. This imperative is reiterated by other members of the Heidelberg School (Gruhle, Mayer-Gross, and K. Schneider). Gruhle (1929) contended that the primary symptoms of schizophrenia, indicating an underlying but still unknown neurobiological disease process, are independent from one another. They cannot be brought under a single, current theoretical model. That is, schizophrenia cannot be explained in terms of a 'catchword', which is only thought but not empirically studied. Sobered but also inspired by Jaspers' rigor, phenomenological psychiatrists (Binswanger, Blankenburg, Conrad, Ey, and others) proposed more tempered models, which could be studied empirically or tested scientifically. This historical progression may be viewed as a dialectical process: First, bold, merely verbal assertions without method were made, then Jaspers followed with a sobering critique, and finally, the existential-phenomenological clinicians/researchers responded by producing fine-grained, rigorous phenomenological models, tempered by humility and self-critique, which led to hypotheses that could be tested in current clinical neuroscience.

  3. Genealogy and Critique in Kant’s Organic History of Reason

    Jennifer Mensch


    Full Text Available Although scholarly attention has been mostly paid to the many connections existing between Kant and the exact sciences, the landscape of Kant studies has begun to noticeably change during the last decade, with many new pieces devoted to a consideration of Kant’s relation to the life sciences of his day. It is in this vein, for example, that investigators have begun to discuss the importance of Kant’s essays on race for the development of Anthropology as an emerging field. The bulk of the contributions to this recent trend, however, have focused on Kant’s remarks on organic life in the Critique of Judgment, such that Kant’s “theory of biology” is now seen to be firmly located in that text. Amidst such consolidation, there are a few pieces that have begun to address Kant’s appeal to organic vocabulary within the context of his theory of cognition, though these too remain dominated by the interpretive template set by the third Critique. My own strategy in this essay will be different. Kant did indeed borrow from the life sciences for his model of the mind, but in a manner that would reject a naturalized account. His preference for epigenesis as a theory of organic generation needs to be carefully distinguished, therefore, from the use he would make of it when discussing a metaphysical portrait of reason.

  4. Critiquing symptom validity tests for posttraumatic stress disorder: a modification of Hartman's criteria.

    Morel, Kenneth R; Marshman, Kimberly C


    The differential diagnosis of malingering in psychological evaluations for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) is complex and relies upon the integration of clinical knowledge and appropriate psychometric instruments. Over the years, there has been an increase in the use of validity measures, including Symptom Validity Tests (SVTs). In 2005, the National Academy of Neuropsychology published Symptom validity assessment: Practice issues and medical necessity, an official policy statement recognizing the importance of effort on test performance and recommending the utilization of specific SVTs to assess for response bias in neurocognitive and personality evaluations. As new SVTs become available, clinicians need a clear understanding of how to critique these tests and determine the strengths and limitations. This article demonstrates the fundamental principles of critiquing an SVT by applying a modified set of Hartman's [Hartman, D. E. (2002). The unexamined lie is a lie worth fibbing: Neuropsychological malingering and the Word Memory Test. Archives of Clinical Neuropsychology, 17, 709-714] criteria, originally developed for neuropsychological SVTs, to the Morel Emotional Numbing Test for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (MENT).

  5. Schilder and Pavlov's theory of higher nervous activity. A critique and apologia.

    Windholz, G


    In the late 1920s, the Viennese psychoanalyst Paul Schilder, after performing a conditioning experiment with human subjects, criticized I. P. Pavlov's concept of "experimental neurosis." Schilder maintained that subjective reports by conditioned human subjects were more informative than the objectively observed behavior of conditioned dogs. In 1932, Pavlov published a rejoinder to Schilder's critique in the Journal of the American Medical Association. Pavlov maintained that Schilder misunderstood the value and implications of the scientific, objective method in the study of experimental neurosis. In 1934, Schilder subjected Pavlov's theory of higher nervous activity to an incisive critique in a 1935 article in Imago. Schilder objected to Pavlov's narrow, reductionist conceptualization of the conditional reflex. Schilder reiterated his view that the psychological, subjective explanation of the conditional reflex is preferable to the physiological, objective explanation, and that the inference of cortical phenomena from experimental findings might be improper. Neither Pavlov nor any of his disciples replied to Schilder. The author provides an apology for the Pavlovian position, suggesting that Schilder was unfamiliar with early and late writings of Pavlov.

  6. Tendances contemporaines en critique de science-fiction, 1980-1999

    Veronica Hollinger


    Full Text Available Le panorama de la critique récente sur la science-fiction doit affronter une explosion du nombre de travaux ainsi qu’une grande diversité d’orientations théoriques et thématiques. Le choix qui a été fait ici privilégie les travaux de recherche de tendance théorique. La matière a été répartie selon 3 axes : une cartographie du domaine, qui conseille quelques histoires, études du genre, études des médias de la science-fiction, et guides de référence ; un choix de travaux critiques et essais d’auteurs de science-fiction, ainsi que quelques entretiens ; un recensement des travaux les plus récents, qui présente des études féministes et postmodernistes de la science-fiction.

  7. Critique Matters

    Holck, Lotte; Muhr, Sara Louise

    to cross-cultural training offered to Danish officers on a pre-departure course as well as at a leadership seminar for the top-management team in Greenland Police. The paper demonstrates how critical-affirmative interventions of tempered radicalism might instigate small scale practitioner-relevant changes...

  8. Historiographical Critique

    Marxian class theory posits that the crystallisation of the critical classes is contingent .... There has been a tendency in radical historiography to narrow the ..... Kitching, G., 1980, Class and Economic Change in Kenya: The Making of an African.

  9. Adult Strabismus

    ... cause. Is eye straightening as an adult strictly cosmetic? No. Eye alignment surgery is performed in adults for several reasons. Adults ... this surgery? Eye muscle surgery is reconstructive (not cosmetic). In ... will cover strabismus surgery in adults, however, one should check with their ...

  10. « L'ère numérique. Un nouvel âge pour le développement culturel territorial », L'Observatoire. La revue des politiques culturelles, n° 37 Hiver 2010

    Urbas, Boris


    Les mutations associées aux Technologies de l'Information et de la Communication (TIC) dans le monde de la culture suscitent d’abondantes productions d'observateurs. C’est sous l'angle de la territorialité que la revue de l'Observatoire des Politiques Culturelles nous convie à une multiplicité de regards dans un dossier coordonné par Michel Kneubühler, Lisa Pignot et l’agence le Hub. La rédaction s’interroge sur les potentialités des TIC en tant que levier pour les politiques culturelles du l...

  11. Les débuts d'une revue néo-salafiste : Muhibb al-Dîn al-Khatîb et Al-Fath de 1926 à 1928

    Catherine Mayeur-Jaouen


    Full Text Available Al-Fath, hebdomadaire du réformisme musulman égyptien, naquit en 1926 au Caire, et parut régulièrement jusqu'après la Seconde Guerre mondiale. Ce journal fut fondé par Muhibb al-Dîn al-Khatîb (1886-1969, Syrien installé au Caire. Al-Fath est avant tout une revue religieuse qui veut défendre l'islam sur tous les fronts ; il se présente comme un journal islamique, scientifique et moral qui vient remplir un vide dans le monde de la presse égyptienne, monopolisée par la presse libérale des Syriens du Caire. Le journal recense méticuleusement tous les signes de crise dans un monde islamique menacé : inquiétude devant l'occidentalisation croissante de l'Orient (tafarnuj, angoisse et sentiment de scandale devant les réformes laïques de la Turquie kémaliste, devant la présence prosélyte de missionnaires chrétiens en Orient ou devant les progrès de l'athéisme et du positivisme chez les musulmans. Dans la question féminine, al-Fath prend fermement parti contre le dévoilement des femmes. Dans cet univers assiégé, quelques lueurs d'espoir sont signalées par al-Fath : la naissance de l'Arabie Saoudite et la création de clubs et d'associations islamiques dont les Jeunesses musulmanes et les Frères musulmans dont Khatîb soutint la création.

  12. La théorie du 0 %. Petite étude critique de la critique en bande dessinée

    Jean-Philippe Martin


    Full Text Available Si la naissance de la bande dessinée s’accompagne d’une théorisation à travers les travaux d’un Töpffer cherchant à circonscrire l'ensemble des possibles qui s'offrent à lui, force est de constater que la veine va bien vite se tarir. Rapidement exclue du champ critique, la bande dessinée semble ne bénéficier d'aucune analyse sérieuse qui soit de nature à lui forger des repères. L'Histoire montre que c'est de manière empirique qu'elle a travaillé sa substance, parfois avec génie (McCay, Hergé… souvent sans âme, à l’exception de quelques tentatives que le présent article entend présenter.If the birth of comic strips is accompanied by a theorical effort through the work of a Töpffer seeking to circumscribe all possible available to them, it is clear that the vein will soon dry up. Quickly removed from the critical field, the comic seems to benefit from any serious analysis that could help authors and readers in their practises. Through History, Comics has worked empirically it its substance, sometimes with genius (McCay, Hergé ... often soulless, with the exception of some attempts that this article intends to present.

  13. At the Garden Gate: Community Building through Food--Revisiting the Critique of "Food, Folk and Fun" in Multicultural Education

    Richardson, Troy A.


    This essay takes up a re-evaluation of the ossified view of food events that have circulated in the canonical texts of multicultural education. While agreeing with the critique by progressive multiculturalists against a "touristic" approach to diversity, the author argues that such a conception of food-centered events in schools has obscured how…

  14. Toward a Polanyian Critique of Technology: Attending "from" the Indwelling of Tools "to" the Course of Technological Civilization

    van Pelt, James Clement


    As a scientist, Michael Polanyi made significant advances in chemistry and economics. From that deep hands-on experience, he derived a powerful critique of prevailing ideas of knowledge and the proper role of science. He demonstrated that disregarding or eliminating the personal embodiment of knowing in the tacit dimension in pursuit of purely…

  15. The Veil of Professionalism: An Autoethnographic Critique of White Positional Identities in the Figured Worlds of White Research Performance

    Pennington, Julie L.; Prater, Kathryn


    Two white researchers critique the professional veil of silence they created as they reflected on a qualitative study they performed 12 years earlier. Autoethnography and performance ethnography are utilized to examine the ways in which whiteness can remain unexamined throughout the research process due to the construction of white positional…

  16. What about a Dimension of Engagement, Equity, and Diversity Practices? A Critique of the Next Generation Science Standards

    Rodriguez, Alberto J.


    In this paper, I offer a critique of "A Framework for K-12 Science Education: Practices, Crosscutting Concepts, and Core Ideas" (NRC, 2012) and of the "Next Generation Science Standards" (Achieve, 2013). While the new version of the science education standards and the arguments put forward to support them are an improvement…

  17. A Freirean Critique of the Competence Model of Teacher Education, Focusing on the Standards for Qualified Teacher Status in England

    Stevens, David


    The paper presents a radical critique of the competence-driven initial teacher education (ITE) paradigm, focusing on the official standards for qualified teacher status in England and Wales, the legal basis for teacher education courses, and specifically the Postgraduate Certificate in Education (PGCE). Broadly, the developing perspective here is…

  18. The Domestication of Critique: Problems of Justifying the Critical in the Context of Educationally Relevant Thought and Action

    Heid, Helmut


    Critique means the questioning judgement of human actions, particularly with reference to a criterion of judgement that is inseparable from the judged state of affairs but is dependent on a decision of the person judging. Informative judgements of a state of affairs contain two relevant components, one concerned with recognition of the objects of…

  19. Response: Heller's "In Praise of Amateurism--A Friendly Critique of Moje's "Call for Change" in Secondary Literacy"

    Moje, Elizabeth Birr


    This article presents the author's response to Rafael Heller's critique of her commentary on foregrounding the disciplines in secondary school literacy teaching and learning. Heller challenges the idea of approaching secondary literacy instruction from a disciplinary perspective by arguing that rather than teach young people the literate practices…

  20. Recovering a Forgotten Pioneer of Science Studies: C. E. Ayers' Deweyan Critique of Science and Technology

    Waddington, David I.


    This paper brings to light the ideas of a pioneering but largely forgotten social critic, C. E. Ayres. In his first book, "Science: The False Messiah" (1927), which was written in consultation with John Dewey, Ayres advanced a forceful and original critique of science and technology. He argued that technological change was occurring at a…

  1. Conflicts of Interest and Incentives to Bias: A Microeconomic Critique of Google’s Tangled Position on the Web

    Rieder, B.; Sire, G.


    Media scholars have studied and critiqued search engines - and in particular the dominant commercial actor, Google - for over a decade. Several conceptual and methodological problems, such as a lack of technological transparency, have made a detailed analysis of concrete power relations and their ef

  2. One Step Forward, Two Steps Back: Immanent Critique of the Practice of Zero Tolerance in Inclusive Schools

    James, Sarah; Freeze, Rick


    In this paper, the contradiction of practising zero tolerance in inclusive schools is discussed using the critical method of Skrtic's immanent critique. The authors contend that the policy of inclusive schools for all is contradicted and undermined by the practice of zero tolerance policies, especially suspensions, expulsions and segregation.…

  3. Foucault and the Imperatives of Education: Critique and Self-Creation in a Non-Foundational World

    Olssen, Mark


    This article outlines Foucault's conception of critique in relation to his writings on Kant. In that Kant saw Enlightenment as a process of release from the status of immaturity in that we accept someone else's authority to lead us in areas where the use of reason is called for, it is claimed in this article that Foucault's notion of critique…

  4. Examining the Use of Talk and Writing for Students' Development of Scientific Conceptual Knowledge through Constructing and Critiquing Arguments

    Chen, Ying-Chih; Park, Soonhye; Hand, Brian


    This study developed an analytic framework consisting of four patterns of talk and writing that can support students' engagement in construction and critique: "Talk only," "writing only," "use of talk and writing in sequence," and "use of talk and writing simultaneously." This study aimed to examine how each…

  5. Gendered Practices in the Contemporary Workplace: A Critique of What Often Constitutes Front Page News in "The Wall Street Journal."

    Buzzanell, Patrice M.


    Analyzes and critiques a front-page article in the "Wall Street Journal." Finds that, underlying an image of fun and equitable workplace, is a disquieting depiction of adversarial gendered relationships, and of career advice that can damage the competence assessments and long-term advancement of women. (SR)

  6. Nothing Matters?: A Critique of the Ramirez, et al. Longitudinal Study of Instructional Programs for Language-Minority Children.

    Rossell, Christine H.


    Critiques the Ramirez et al. study of bilingual programs for its serious research flaws. Calls into question the findings of no consistent difference in the achievement of language-minority children regardless of how much Spanish or English is used in instruction. Proposes a reanalysis of the Ramirez data. (KS)

  7. Nothing Matters?: A Critique of the Ramirez, et al. Longitudinal Study of Instructional Programs for Language-Minority Children.

    Rossell, Christine H.


    Critiques the Ramirez et al. study of bilingual programs for its serious research flaws. Calls into question the findings of no consistent difference in the achievement of language-minority children regardless of how much Spanish or English is used in instruction. Proposes a reanalysis of the Ramirez data. (KS)

  8. Postsecularism, piety and fanaticism: reflections on Jürgen Habermas' and Saba Mahmood’s critiques of secularism

    Jansen, Y.


    This article analyses how recent critiques of secularism in political philosophy and cultural anthropology might productively be combined and contrasted with each other. I will show that Jürgen Habermas' postsecularism takes insufficient account of elementary criticisms of secularism on the part of

  9. Gendered Practices in the Contemporary Workplace: A Critique of What Often Constitutes Front Page News in "The Wall Street Journal."

    Buzzanell, Patrice M.


    Analyzes and critiques a front-page article in the "Wall Street Journal." Finds that, underlying an image of fun and equitable workplace, is a disquieting depiction of adversarial gendered relationships, and of career advice that can damage the competence assessments and long-term advancement of women. (SR)

  10. Does Student Sorting Invalidate Value-Added Models of Teacher Effectiveness? An Extended Analysis of the Rothstein Critique

    Koedel, Cory; Betts, Julian R.


    Value-added modeling continues to gain traction as a tool for measuring teacher performance. However, recent research questions the validity of the value-added approach by showing that it does not mitigate student-teacher sorting bias (its presumed primary benefit). Our study explores this critique in more detail. Although we find that estimated…

  11. Conflicts of Interest and Incentives to Bias: A Microeconomic Critique of Google’s Tangled Position on the Web

    Rieder, B.; Sire, G.


    Media scholars have studied and critiqued search engines - and in particular the dominant commercial actor, Google - for over a decade. Several conceptual and methodological problems, such as a lack of technological transparency, have made a detailed analysis of concrete power relations and their ef

  12. Response to the Critique of the Huffman (2014) Article, "Reading Rate Gains during a One-Semester Extensive Reading Course"

    Huffman, Jeffrey


    In his critique of the Huffman (2014) article, McLean (2016) undertakes an important reflective exercise that is too often missing in the field of second language acquisition and in the social sciences in general: questioning whether the claims made by researchers are warranted by their results. In this article, Jeffrey Huffman says that McLean…

  13. Indigenous Cultural Self-Representation and Its Internal Critiques: A Case Study of the Woodland Cultural Centre, Canada

    Nakamura, Naohiro


    This research report discusses Indigenous cultural representation and its internal critiques, based on the case study of an Indigenous-run museum, the Woodland Cultural Centre, in Canada. Since its establishment in 1972, the Woodland Cultural Centre has strived to promote Indigenous culture, especially First Nations art, and has challenged the…

  14. Rotational Critique System as a Method of Culture Change in an Architecture Design Studio: Urban Design Studio as Case Study

    Fasli, Mukaddes; Hassanpour, Badiossadat


    In this century, all educational efforts strive to achieve quality assurance standards. Therefore, it will be naive to deny the existence of problems in architectural education. The current design studio critique method has been developed upon generations of students and educators. Architectural education is changing towards educating critical…

  15. Can Religious Expression and Sexual Orientation Affirmation Coexist in Social Work? A Critique of Hodge's Theoretical, Theological, and Conceptual Frameworks

    Dessel, Adrienne; Bolen, Rebecca; Shepardson, Christine


    Social work strives to be inclusive of all cultural groups and religious identities. However, a tension exists in the profession between freedom of religious expression and full acceptance of lesbian, gay, and bisexual people. David Hodge and others claim social work is oppressive to evangelical Christians. This article critiques primarily Hodge's…

  16. Learning to Critique and Adapt Science Curriculum Materials: Examining the Development of Preservice Elementary Teachers' Pedagogical Content Knowledge

    Beyer, Carrie J.; Davis, Elizabeth A.


    Teachers often engage in curricular planning by critiquing and adapting existing curriculum materials to contextualize lessons and compensate for their deficiencies. Designing instruction for students is shaped by teachers' ability to apply a variety of personal resources, including their pedagogical content knowledge (PCK). This study…

  17. Toward a Polanyian Critique of Technology: Attending "from" the Indwelling of Tools "to" the Course of Technological Civilization

    van Pelt, James Clement


    As a scientist, Michael Polanyi made significant advances in chemistry and economics. From that deep hands-on experience, he derived a powerful critique of prevailing ideas of knowledge and the proper role of science. He demonstrated that disregarding or eliminating the personal embodiment of knowing in the tacit dimension in pursuit of purely…

  18. The Primacy of Cognition--or of Perception? A Phenomenological Critique of the Theoretical Bases of Science Education.

    Dahlin, Bo


    Critiques a particular trend in educational research and practice, "cognitivism", which is a result of the reception by education of epistemological theories that have an objective alien to that of education, which is the all-round development of human personality. Suggests that present mainstream theories of science education be complemented with…

  19. Conducting an article critique for a quantitative research study: perspectives for doctoral students and other novice readers

    Vance DE


    Full Text Available David E Vance,1 Michele Talley,1 Andres Azuero,1 Patricia F Pearce,2 Becky J Christian1 1School of Nursing, University of Alabama at Birmingham, Birmingham, AL, USA; 2Loyola University School of Nursing, New Orleans, LA, USA Abstract: The ability to critically evaluate the merits of a quantitative design research article is a necessary skill for practitioners and researchers of all disciplines, including nursing, in order to judge the integrity and usefulness of the evidence and conclusions made in an article. In general, this skill is automatic for many practitioners and researchers who already possess a good working knowledge of research methodology, including: hypothesis development, sampling techniques, study design, testing procedures and instrumentation, data collection and data management, statistics, and interpretation of findings. For graduate students and junior faculty who have yet to master these skills, completing a formally written article critique can be a useful process to hone such skills. However, a fundamental knowledge of research methods is still needed in order to be successful. Because there are few published examples of critique examples, this article provides the practical points of conducting a formally written quantitative research article critique while providing a brief example to demonstrate the principles and form. Keywords: quantitative article critique, statistics, methodology, graduate students

  20. Birds of a Feather? The Critique of the North American Business School and Its Implications for Educating HRD Practitioners

    Kuchinke, K. Peter


    The recent vehement and highly visible critique of the North American business school curriculum illuminates core tensions in the field of human resource development (HRD) related to the role and responsibility of the profession in for-profit organizations and the educative process by which future practitioners are prepared. If the business school…

  1. Response to McGill and Busse, "When Theory Trumps Science: A Critique of the PSW Model for SLD Identification"

    Christo, Catherine; D'Incau, Barbara J.; Ponzuric, Jenny


    The California Association of School Psychologists (CASP) responds to a critique of the Association's Position Paper: "Specific Learning Disabilities and Patterns of Strengths and Weaknesses" (2014, March. Available: by McGill and Busse. The CASP offers corrections to McGill and Busse's…

  2. The Primacy of Cognition--or of Perception? A Phenomenological Critique of the Theoretical Bases of Science Education.

    Dahlin, Bo


    Critiques a particular trend in educational research and practice, "cognitivism", which is a result of the reception by education of epistemological theories that have an objective alien to that of education, which is the all-round development of human personality. Suggests that present mainstream theories of science education be complemented with…

  3. The State of Qualitative Research in Gifted Education as Published in American Journals: An Analysis and Critique

    Coleman, Laurence J.; Guo, Aige; Dabbs, Charlotte Simms


    As qualitative research has become a more familiar form of inquiry in gifted education, judging its quality and value remains obscure and problematic to the field. This article analyzes and critiques published studies for the purpose of understanding the state of qualitative research in gifted education. Data for this study are from the major…

  4. Acceptability of novel lifelogging technology to determine context of sedentary behaviour in older adults

    Juliet A Harvey


    Full Text Available Objective: Lifelogging, using body worn sensors (activity monitors and time lapse photography has the potential to shed light on the context of sedentary behaviour. The objectives of this study were to examine the acceptability, to older adults, of using lifelogging technology and indicate its usefulness for understanding behaviour. Method: 6 older adults (4 males, mean age: 68yrs wore the equipment (ActivPALTM and Vicon RevueTM/SenseCamTM for 7 consecutive days during free-living activity. The older adults’ perception of the lifelogging technology was assessed through semi-structured interviews, including a brief questionnaire (Likert scale, and reference to the researcher's diary. Results: Older adults in this study found the equipment acceptable to wear and it did not interfere with privacy, safety or create reactivity, but they reported problems with the actual technical functioning of the camera. Conclusion: This combination of sensors has good potential to provide lifelogging information on the context of sedentary behaviour.

  5. AFRREV LALIGENS: An International Journal of Language ...

    AFRREV LALIGENS: An International Journal of Language, Literature and Gender ... Literature in English as a tool for teaching English as a second language in ... Une revue critique du groupement tripartite du verbe Français · EMAIL FREE ...

  6. Adult Education and Adult Learning

    Illeris, Knud

    Kort beskrivelse Bogen, 'Adult Education og Adult Learning', giver et fyldestgørende overblik over forståelsen af voksenuddannelse og læring. Abstract I "Adult Education and Adult Learning' ser Knud Illeris på voksenuddannelse fra to perspektiver. På den ene side beskrives de aktuelle udfordringer...

  7. On the Publicity of Cultural Critique%论文化批评的公共性



    This paper, based on Hannah Arendt' s distinction between truth and opinion, argues that cultural critique owes its publicity to the fact that it doesnt claim absolute truths or professional knowledge but debatable, negotiable opinions. The space of cultural critique is the agora of public opinions, nor the wholesale centre of truths or laboratories of specialized knowledge. Cultural critics are neither philosophers with Platonic contempt for opinions nor professionals in modem hierarchical institutions, but public intellectuals with sensibility to public issues as well as social responsibility and reason. The paper points out that the potency of cultural critique lies not in its aesthetic or moral dimension, but in its political dimension.%作为公共书写形式的文化批评,以其公共性为根本特征。本文首先从文化批评的话题、文体、作者类型等方面论述了文化批评的公共性品格。接着文章援引阿伦特关于真理与意见的区分理论,认为文化批评之所以具有强烈的公共意义,恰恰因为它所传达的不是不可怀疑的“绝对真理”,也不是高深莫测的专业化知识,而是凡夫俗子皆可置喙、可商讨的“意见”。文化批评空间是公共意见的集散地,而不是真理的发布场或专业知识的实验室。作为文化批评家的公共知识分子,不但不是柏拉图式蔑视“意见”的哲学家,也不是现代学科化体制中的专家或学问家,而是一个勤于思考、敏于感受、富有责任感和社会理性的公共知识分子。文章最后指出,真正有力的文化批评不是抽象的审美批评或道德批评,更不是宗教批评,而是扎根中国本土现实的政治批评。

  8. La naissance de la subjectivité et ses limites dans les études critiques de Tzvetan Todorov

    Stoyan Atanassov


    Full Text Available Cette étude porte sur l’apparition, l’évolution et les modalités de la subjectivité dans les ouvrages critiques de Tzvetan Todorov. Nous commençons par quelques considérations sur le statut du sujet critique en sciences humaines. L’analyse retrace ensuite le contexte intellectuel et théorique dans lequel émerge la subjectivité de Todorov. Nous commentons ensuite plusieurs ouvrages qui servent de repère dans l’étude de la subjectivité chez Todorov.Celle-ci, tout comme le principe dialogique qu’il a mis au point en tant que méthode d’interprétation, relève d’une rationalité conséquente et d’une déontologie. On peut distinguer, au cours du travail critique, quatre instances du Je: existentielle, autobiographique, critique, cognitive. Les deux premières alimentent les deux autres. Le Je existentiel finit par s’affirmer, chez Todorov, comme le point de départ et l’horizon axiologique de la recherche. Le Je autobiographique émane du précédent. Il introduit en filigrane une narration retraçant aussi bien un destin individuel qu’un épisode historique. L’élément autobiographique chez Todorov est délibérément mitigé. Il ne trouve sa justification qu’en se mettant au service du Je critique. Ce dernier confère une dimension humaine et concrète à la recherche de la vérité. Le Je cognitif devient ainsi l’expression d’une vie et d’un destin individuels.

  9. Critique of the „official critique” of neoliberal reforms in higher education

    Oskar Szwabowski


    Full Text Available In this article I criticise theoretical structure which is employed in critiquesof higher education reforms within the domain of pedagogy. I argue thatcritique of neoliberalism in education doesn’t recognise the dynamics of change and„necessity” of transformation. Both critique and defense of neoliberal reforms donot transcend capitalist „separation” and institutionalization typical of particularorders. In practical terms, it results in reactive resistance, either in the form of defenseof privileges of „leisure class or attempt to brink back the period of „class compromise”.In this way, it is not able to develop a radical practice, transcend „ideologicalstate apparatus” and produce a radical practice as well as education based on democracyand equality.

  10. Prosecuting Corruption and the Application of Plea Bargaining in Nigeria: A Critique

    Adeleke, G. O.


    Full Text Available This study focused on the incidence and the prosecution of corruption in the Nigerian society with specific emphasis on plea bargaining which has been applied to prosecute some politicians (Politically Exposed Persons and other people in the upper echelons of the Nigerian society, and that is gradually becoming widespread in criminal prosecution in Nigeria. The origin and merits of plea bargaining, as its protagonists argued, were analysed. The central focus here is a critique of corruption prosecution through plea bargain based on moral and utilitist principles. The study precisely advocated for outright dropping of the plea bargain in corruption prosecution in Nigeria because of its tendency to deepen and extenuate, rather than making mild and abating corruption in Nigeria. Given the patron-client character of power relation in the Nigerian state, the stipulations of anti-graft laws should be strictly followed in order not to make corruption prosecution constitute another source or facilitator of corruption in Nigeria.

  11. The Contested White Lady: A Critique of New Zealand Cultural Heritage Politics

    Lindsay Neill


    Full Text Available This article critiques New Zealand’s cultural heritage politics by positing that vernacular items, like an iconic eatery called the White Lady, does not meet the legislative criteria enabling cultural heritage status. If vernacular artefacts, including ‘kiwiana’, are to be integrated within cultural heritage, then changes within legislation, definitions and participant preconceptions are necessary. This study argues that cultural heritage is dominated by artefacts and historic places; that ‘kiwiana’ and other vernacular items of social history, practice and tradition are relegated. Items of ‘kiwiana’ act as touchstones of identity for New Zealanders. Therefore, their omission distorts the view of New Zealand’s cultural heritage. The application of cultural heritage status to the White Lady is important because of its transcendence of time and social change, its aesthetic, and also because of its present-day hospitality offering.

  12. Socializing the public: invoking Hannah Arendt's critique of modernity to evaluate reproductive technologies.

    Sperling, Daniel


    The article examines the writings of one of the most influential political philosophers, Hannah Arendt, and specifically focuses on her views regarding the distinction between the private and the public and the transformation of the public to the social by modernity. Arendt's theory of human activity and critique of modernity are explored to critically evaluate the social contributions and implications of reproductive technologies especially where the use of such technologies is most dominant within Western societies. Focusing on empirical studies on new reproductive technologies in Israel, it is argued, powerfully demonstrates Arendt's theory, and broadens the perspectives through which society should evaluate these new technologies towards a more reflective understanding of its current laws and policies and their affect on women more generally.

  13. Make me wanna holler: Meshell Ndegeocello, Black queer aesthetics, and feminist critiques.

    Richardson, Matt


    This article examines the music and performance of Meshell Ndegeocello, arguing that they are part of a cross-Atlantic conversation that pushes the boundaries of Black feminist thought on masculinity and desire. From the time of her debut album in 1993, Ndegeocello has resisted categorization both in her public personae and in her music. Ndegeocello's refusal to be restricted in her stage performance and in her musical expression has created a rich text through which to read Black female masculinity. Her work has been particularly productive in rethinking (Black) feminist couplings of patriarchy with male anatomy. Ndegeocello's music challenges any one representation of female masculinity, mixing critiques of masculine privilege and violence with celebrations of pleasure and pansexual desire.

  14. Accounting for social accountability: developing critiques of social accountability within medical education.

    Ritz, Stacey A; Beatty, Kathleen; Ellaway, Rachel H


    The concept of the social accountability of medical schools has garnered many followers, in response to a broad desire for greater social justice in health care. As its use has spread, the term 'social accountability' has become a meta-narrative for social justice and an inevitable and unquestionable good, while at the same time becoming increasingly ambiguous in its meaning and intent. In this article, we use the lenses of postmodernism and critical reflexivity to unpack the multiple meanings of social accountability. In our view, subjecting the concept of 'social accountability' to critique will enhance the ability to appraise the ways in which it is understood and enacted. We contend that critical reflexivity is necessary for social accountability to achieve its aspirations, and hence we must be prepared to become accountable not only for our actions, but also for the ideologies and discourses underlying them.

  15. The Salman Mosque: Achmad Noe’man’s Critique of Indonesian Conventional Mosque Architecture

    Holik, A. A. R.; Aryanti, T.


    The Salman Mosque, designed by Achmad Noe’man, was a striking Islamic architectural design in the 1960s when it was built. Unlike the conventional mosques, particularly in Indonesia, it has no dome. Instead, the roof was made of prestressed concrete and resembles a canoe. Using data drawn from field observations, this paper explores the architectural characteristics of the Salman Mosque as a product of Modern architecture. It argues that the domeless mosque, the simple minaret, the wooden wall panels and floor, the women’s balcony, and the roof demonstrate architectural modernism, as opposed to the conventional mosque typology that flourished in Indonesia at the time. This paper further argues that the Salman Mosque is Noe’man’s critique of the Indonesian conventional mosque architecture. It concludes that the architectural features of the Salman Mosque reflects Noe’man’s modern vision of Islam and Islamic architecture.

  16. Dutch perspectives on the British Medical Association's critique of euthanasia in the Netherlands.

    Cohen-Almagor, R


    During the summer of 1999, extensive interviews with some of the leading authorities on the euthanasia policy were conducted in the Netherlands. They were asked: The British Medical Association, in its memorandum before the House of Lords, held that in regard to Holland, "all seem to agree that the so-called rules of careful conduct (official guidelines for euthanasia) are disregarded in some cases. Breaches of rules range from the practice of involuntary euthanasia to failure to consult another practitioner before carrying out euthanasia and to certifying the cause of death as natural". What do you think? Most of the interviewees conceded that this assertion is, indeed, correct. Two interviewees didn't pay much notice to the issue and three others said that the British critique is both true and untrue.

  17. From Viruses to Russian Roulette to Dance: A Rhetorical Critique and Creation of Genetic Metaphors.

    Gronnvoll, Marita; Landau, Jamie


    This essay critiques and creates metaphoric genetic rhetoric by examining metaphors for genes used by representatives of the lay American public. We assess these metaphors with a new rhetorical orientation that we developed by building onto work by Robert Ivie and social scientific qualitative studies of audiences. Specifically, our analysis reveals three themes of genetic metaphors, with the first two appearing most frequently: 1) genes as a disease or problem 2) genes as fire or bomb, and 3) genes as gambling. We not only discuss the problems and untapped potential of these metaphors, but also we suggest metaphorically understanding genes interacting with the environment as a dance or a band. This essay has implications for rhetorical criticism, science studies, and public health.

  18. The denial of death thesis: sociological critique and implications for palliative care.

    Zimmermann, Camilla; Rodin, Gary


    It has become commonplace to say that contemporary western society is 'death-denying'. This characterization, which sociologists have termed the 'denial of death thesis', first arose in the social science, psychological and clinical medical literature in the period between 1955 and 1985. During the same time period, the hospice and palliative care movements were developing and in part directed themselves against the perceived cultural denial of death in western society. While the denial of death has been taken for granted by the lay public as well as by clinicians, in the sociological literature it has been increasingly questioned. In this paper we use sociological critiques of the denial of death thesis to raise critical questions about the theory and practice of contemporary palliative care. In particular, we argue that the emphasis of palliative care should not be on extinguishing the denial of death but on the relief of suffering.

  19. Critique of Burnett-Frind dispersion tensor for axisymmetric porous media

    Lichtner, Peter C [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Kelkar, Sharad [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Robinson, Bruce A [Los Alamos National Laboratory


    This technical note provides a critique of the Burnett and Frind (1987) dispersion tensor for porous media with axial symmetry based on a previous publication by the authors (Lichtner et aI., 2002). In this work a new approach is used based on unit eigenvectors which simplifies the analysis. It is demonstrated that the Burnett-Frind dispersion tensor, although acceptable for small values of the vertical velocity, produces the incorrect behavior for both longitudinal and transverse dispersivity as the flow velocity varies from parallel to perpendicular to the axis of symmetry. A new form of the dispersion tensor is derived for axially symmetric porous media involving four dispersivity coefficients corresponding to longitudinal and transverse dispersion in horizontal and vertical directions, defined as perpendicular and parallel to the axis of symmetry, respectively. This new dispersion tensor corrects two fundamental problems with the dispersion tensor proposed by Burnett and Frind (1987) for axial symmetric media.

  20. Wittgenstein’s Critique of Frazer and Realism/Anti-realism Concerning Religion

    Schaffalitzky de Muckadell, Caroline


    This article addresses the impact the reception of Wittgenstein’s works has had on philosophy of religion and the study of religion. Wittgenstein’s critique of Frazer has inspired the current fundamental dichotomy between two views on religious belief: a cognitivist, realist interpretation...... that seeks to counter and replace realist accounts. In this article I show how instead of forming a dichotomy, the realist and the anti-realist descriptions of religious beliefs ought to be seen as two extremes on a continuum. I also point to ways in which realist accounts can accommodate the intuitions...... and an expressivist, anti-realist interpretation. Wittgenstein’s account provides an interpretation of religious language that makes sense of existential and non-literal meaning of religious practices and cognitive content, and his account has become a stepping stone for a tradition in philosophy of religion...

  1. A Critique of the Mainstream Management Control Theory and the Way Forward

    Chandana Rathnasiri Hewege


    Full Text Available This article critiques the mainstream management control theory with a view to highlighting its gaps and to suggesting a direction for its future development. Management control theory has undergone lopsided development due to the dominance of accounting-based approaches to the study of management controls. Thus, management control theory has failed to explain complex issues that are interwoven with deep-rooted, sociocultural context within which these issues emanate. Although the influence of organizational theory, particularly systems theory, cybernetics, and contingency theory, resulted in a marginal outward shift of the boundaries of the mainstream management control theory, the main drawbacks of the theory remained unresolved. Alternative theoretical perspectives rooted in disciplines such as political economy, sociology, and anthropology can enrich the mainstream management control theory. Management control issues emanating from non-Western contexts would remain largely unexplained or poorly explained, unless alternative theoretical perspectives were used.

  2. Antirationalist critique or fifth column of scientism? Challenges from Doctor Who to the mad scientist trope.

    Orthia, Lindy A


    Much of the public understanding of science literature dealing with fictional scientists claims that scientist villains by their nature embody an antiscience critique. I characterize this claim and its founding assumptions as the "mad scientist" trope. I show how scientist villain characters from the science fiction television series Doctor Who undermine the trope via the programme's use of rhetorical strategies similar to Gilbert and Mulkay's empiricist and contingent repertoires, which define and patrol the boundaries between "science" and "non-science." I discuss three such strategies, including the literal framing of scientist villains as "mad." All three strategies exclude the characters from science, relieve science of responsibility for their villainy, and overtly or covertly contribute to the delivery of pro-science messages consistent with rationalist scientism. I focus on scientist villains from the most popular era of Doctor Who, the mid 1970s, when the show embraced the gothic horror genre.

  3. A socio-technical critique of tiered services: implications for interprofessional care.

    Hood, Rick


    In the health and social care sector, tiered services have become an increasingly influential way of organising professional expertise to address the needs of vulnerable people. Drawing on its application to UK child welfare services, this paper discusses the merits of the tiered model from a socio-technical perspective - an approach that has emerged from the fields of accident analysis and systems design. The main elements of a socio-technical critique are outlined and used to explore how tiered services provide support to families and prevent harm to children. Attention is drawn to the distribution of expertise and resources in a tiered system, and to the role of referral and gate-keeping procedures in dispersing accountability for outcomes. An argument is made for designing systems "against demand", and the paper concludes by discussing some alternative models of multi-agency provision.

  4. A critique of multiculturalism in heath care: the challenge for nurse education.

    Culley, L


    This paper is concerned with the way in which discussions of the health status of people from minority ethnic groups and the delivery of health care to such groups has been constructed, in the nursing literature in particular, within a culturalist framework which has many serious drawbacks. The paper reviews the argument for a 'multicultural' approach to health care and also discusses some of the main implications of this analysis for the education of health professionals. It suggests that health workers and those responsible for the education of such workers, need to reassess learning needs in the light of a critique of the effects of an analysis based on 'cultural pluralism' and 'ethnic sensitivity'. The paper suggests ways in which the nursing curriculum must be broadened to take into account the limitations of a culturalist approach and to debate the interplay of racism and other structures of inequality and their influence on health and on a service delivery.

  5. A Response to Elvis' 2015 Critique of the AURA Report "From Cosmic Birth to Living Earths"

    Seager, Sara; Postman, Marc; Tumlinson, Jason; Mather, John C


    To ensure progress in astronomy over the coming decades, the key questions are "what facilities will we build, and when?" Toward this end, the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) recently commissioned a study on future space-based options for UV and optical astronomy. The resulting study - "From Cosmic Births to Living Earths" - concluded that a space telescope equipped with a 12-meter class primary mirror would make fundamental advances across virtually all of astrophysics, including finding and characterizing the atmospheres of dozens of Earth-like planets. This ambitious telescope concept is referred to as the High Definition Space Telescope (HDST). In a recent arXiv white paper, Elvis (2015) critiqued a subset of the findings of the AURA study, focusing on the detection and characterization of rocky exoplanets in the habitable zone. In this response, we clarify these issues to confirm that HDST would play a transformative role in the study of terrestrial worlds. Its capabilities f...

  6. The definition of the scalar product: an analysis and critique of a classroom episode

    Foster, Colin; de Villiers, Michael


    In this paper, we present, analyse and critique an episode from a secondary school lesson involving an introduction to the definition of the scalar product. Although the teacher attempted to be explicit about the difference between a definition and a theorem, emphasizing that a definition was just an arbitrary assumption, a student rejected the teacher's definition in favour of his own alternative. With reference to this particular case, we seek to explore some ways in which teachers can introduce mathematical definitions to students so as to support, rather than attempt to circumvent, their mathematical sense making. In this regard, we believe that it is important to develop learning opportunities for students which help them to gain some appreciation of important structural and historical reasons that underpin the definitional choices made.




    Full Text Available This paper provides a cultural critique of the meanings of work as theytranscend different modes of production. Twenty years on from the collapse of state socialism,Western experts are still called upon to prescribe ‘the best way’ for how productive workshould be conducted/managed across the non-Western world (Jankowicz, 1993; 1994; Kostera,1995, Kelemen, 1999. This ‘one best way’ usually assumes that the basic unit of analysis is therational, utility-maximising individual; a species, bred inside Westernized secondary andtertiary educational institutions, business schools, or (vocational training courses, all of theseproducing their special form of ‘learning to labour’ (Willis, 1977. Thus equipped, this species– what we might call, for the time being, the ‘model-worker’ - is bound to inhabit a ratherinhabitable place, an arena of in increasingly global capitalism: the market.

  8. A Review and Critique of Obsessive-Compulsive Personality Disorder Etiologies

    Steven Charles Hertler


    Full Text Available The present review and critique of extant etiological theories centers on a single finding: Obsessive-compulsive personality is highly heritable (0.78 and not significantly influenced by “common, shared-in-families environmental factors” (Torgersen et al., 2000, p. 424. This finding, though twelve years old, has remained dissociated from existing etiological accounts. Psychoanalytic theories anachronistically maintain that obsessive personality is familially forged. Biological theories, few, unelaborated and weakened by postulating proximate instead of ultimate explanations, fail to seriously reckon with Torgersen’s findings. Truly integrating heritability estimates into a functional etiological account of obsessive character, it is argued in the discussion section, will come from an evolutionary model that understands obsessive personality to be an evolved strategy rather than a dysfunctional disorder.

  9. Surveiller et classer : deux chantiers pour une recherche urbaine critique

    Fabrice Bardet


    Full Text Available Après avoir navigué entre deux continents, Bernard Jouve s’était donné pour ambition de développer, au sein du monde académique français, une pensée critique sur la ville inspirée de la recherche urbaine nord-américaine et de diffuser ces réflexions au sein du monde social. Ce goût pour les analyses critiques sur le « fait urbain » a constitué, sous son impulsion, un élément fédérateur pour l’équipe de recherche lyonnaise qu’il a dirigée au cours des dernières années. A travers des exemples tirés de nos travaux sur les classements de ville et la surveillance, on montre qu’il en demeure aujourd’hui encore un important fil conducteur.Bernard Jouve lived a rich experience between two different academic worlds. That is the principle reason why he aimed to develop a critical thought on urban changes and cities in the midst of French academic world. Further, he wanted to spread these analysis inspired by North-American urban research among actors playing a role in urban policies. For the research team that he managed in Lyon for these last years, this interest became, and remains, a unifier element.

  10. Polymyositis - adult

    ... rash is a sign of a similar condition, dermatomyositis . Common symptoms include: Muscle weakness in the shoulders ... in the treatment of refractory adult and juvenile dermatomyositis and adult polymyositis: a randomized, placebo-phase trial. ...

  11. Ostéome ostéoïde intra-articulaire de la hanche: deux observations et revue de la littérature

    Ellouz Zoubir


    Full Text Available L’ostéome ostéoïde est une tumeur osseuse bénigne qui affecte les adultes jeunes et se localise préférentiellement au niveau des os longs. La localisation intra-articulaire est rare et atteint le plus souvent la hanche. La symptomatologie clinique est alors atypique et peut faire errer le diagnostic constituant un défi diagnostique pour les cliniciens. Nous rapportons deux observations d’ostéome ostéoïde intra-articulaires de la hanche chez deux hommes âgés 24 et 45 ans, révélés par des douleurs de la hanche gauche de type inflammatoire évoluant depuis un an et un an et demi respectivement. Chez les deux patients, le tableau atypique de l’ostéome ostéoïde a été à l’origine d’un retard diagnostic. La tomodensitométrie est dans cette indication l’examen le plus spécifique qui a permis d’évoquer le diagnostic d’ostéome ostéoïde. Une fois le diagnostic est posé, l’exérèse chirurgicale à ciel ouvert a permis la guérison avec disparition totale des douleurs. L’examen histologique a confirmé le diagnostic final d’ostéome ostéoïde intra-articulaire dans les deux cas.

  12. Le pneumothorax spontané comme une manifestation évolutive de la polyarthrite rhumatoide: à propos d'une observation clinique et revue de la litterature

    Gaye, Magaye; Ndiaye, Assane; Fall, Mouhamed Lamine; Diatta, Souleymane; Dieng, Papa Adama; Ba, Papa Salmane; Ciss, Amadou Gabriel; Ndiaye, Mouhamadou


    La polyarthrite rhumatoïde est une maladie systémique inflammatoire caractérisée par une destruction des synoviales articulaires et des lésions systémiques extra articulaires. Les nodules pulmonaires font partie de ces dernières. Leur évolution peut aboutir à un pneumothorax spontané. Nous rapportons le cas d'un adulte jeune au long passé de polyarthrite rhumatoïde qui a présenté deux épisodes de pneumothorax spontané. Il était admis dans notre service, en urgence, pour un pneumothorax droit spontané et massif sur terrain de polyarthrite rhumatoïde au stade de déformation. Il était sous méthotrexate. La radiographie standard du thorax et la tomodensitométrie montraient un décollement pleural complet droit, des nodules et des images excavées sur les deux champs pulmonaires. Il a bénéficié d'un drainage thoracique aspiratif permettant une bonne ré-expansion pulmonaire. Le pneumothorax spontané constitue une manifestation rare des lésions pulmonaire de la polyarthrite rhumatoïde. Il s'agit le plus souvent d'une manifestation évolutive de la maladie mais aussi une circonstance de découverte de cette dernière. L'implication des immunosuppresseurs reste à être prouvée. Ainsi la polyarthrite rhumatoïde doit être considérée dans la recherche étiologique d'un pneumothorax spontané. PMID:26977228

  13. Subversive autotraduction : Mise en évidence du décalage entre le discours critique et les pratiques scripturales des auteurs bilingues contemporains

    Marianne Bessy


    Full Text Available The purpose in this paper is to describe the complexities of self translation in literary work by Greek-French writer Vassilis Alexakis as a bilingual novelist and its implications in critique and literary categories.

  14. Infrastructural Critique. The Upside-Down of the Bottom-Up: A Case Study on the IBA Berlin 84/87

    Eva Maria Hierzer


    Full Text Available Participation in planning is a logical consequence of the democratisation of society due to the social and cultural changes related to modernism. Anarchistic participation, as in Autogestion, within a development process, is a critical utopian alternative draft to existing power structures. The participatory turn represented by the International Building Exhibition Berlin 1987 (IBA meant the institutionalisation of these utopian ideas, resulting in a heterotopian notion of participation instrumentalised by governing and economic forces.The most important aspect to our argument is that participation is a matter of critique – with critique as the very core of the modern understanding of progress – and thus enabling forms of improvement in planning, regulating and governing with architectural and urbanistic means. Those means simply embody a specific form of resisting critique and certain shifts in the structures of governing revealing an infrastructural critique which both re-forms the elements and the relations of what is to be resisted.

  15. Facteurs influençant une saine alimentation chez des adolescents : revue de littérature destinée à l’infirmière en milieu scolaire

    Danielle Boucher


    Full Text Available Certaines habitudes alimentaires des adolescents sont associées à une augmentation inquiétante de l’excès de poids, du nombre de cas d’obésité et du développement de maladies chroniques. Ce phénomène est maintenant considéré comme un problème majeur en santé publique. En promotion de la santé, des modèles écologiques ont été développés pour illustrer la manière dont les caractéristiques personnelles, interpersonnelles, institutionnelles, communautaires et politiques peuvent influencer les comportements. Nous avons utilisé ce modèle pour revoir les facteurs d’influence d’une saine alimentation chez des adolescents de 12 à 18 ans vivant dans des pays industrialisés. Nous avons identifié dans la littérature scientifique des facteurs individuels tels que les connaissances, l’attitude et les croyances, des facteurs interpersonnels tels que la famille et les pairs et des facteurs institutionnels tels que l’école qui peuvent influencer les choix alimentaires des adolescents. La connaissance de ces facteurs peut constituer un préalable lors du choix d’interventions pertinentes ciblant un changement de comportement et permettre ainsi aux infirmières, notamment celles œuvrant en milieu scolaire, d’intervenir plus efficacement auprès des jeunes. Les futures interventions pour promouvoir une saine alimentation pourraient donc cibler ces différents niveaux écologiques et prendre en compte leurs interactions. Le but du présent article est de faire le point sur l’état des connaissances concernant les facteurs qui influencent une saine alimentation chez les adolescents de 12 à 18 ans par le biais d’une revue de littérature dans ce domaine.

  16. A critical assessment of environmental policy studies - Towards a discursive analysis and critique of the ideology of policy

    Jorge Gabriel Foa Torres


    Full Text Available This paper seeks, from a critical evaluation of a range of environmental public policy studies, to question their most important theoretical assumptions, in order to propose and put the focus of discourse analysis and ideology critique of policies. Faced with perspectives that emphasize the management function of the state, intends to focus on discursive and ideological conditions that make possible the stabilization and political transformation of those social practices related to the formulation and implementation of environmental policies.

  17. The return of black box economics: A critique of Keen on effective demand and changes in debt

    Reissl, Severin


    In a paper for the Review of Keynesian Economics, Steve Keen recently provided a restatement of his claim that "effective demand equals income plus the change in debt". The aim of the present article is to provide a detailed critique of Keen's argument using an analytical framework pioneered by Wolfgang Stützel which has recently been developed further. Using this framework, it is shown that there is no strictly necessary relationship whatsoever between effective demand and changes in the lev...

  18. On Being Holier-Than-Thou: A Critique of Curry Malott's "Pseudo-Marxism and the Reformist Retreat from Revolution"

    McGrew, Ken


    In the May 2011 edition of this journal, Curry Malott contributed an essay review of Jean Anyon's "Marx and Education" (2011). The author would summarize Mallot's critiques of her book as follows: (1) she didn't write the book that he wanted her to write; (2) she didn't cite the authors that he wanted her to cite; and (3) her work is anti-Marxist…

  19. Veblen, critique pionnier des « entreprises académiques »

    Kenneth Bertrams


    Full Text Available Depuis les années 1980, les universités européennes et nord-américaines ont accru leurs partenariats avec les entreprises privées afin de pallier la contraction des dépenses publiques consacrées à l’enseignement supérieur. Dans le chef de certains responsables universitaires, un comportement « entrepreneurial » a accompagné ces changements d’ordre budgétaire, assimilant volontiers les universités à de nouvelles entreprises de la connaissance. Le phénomène, cependant, n’avait rien de nouveau. Dès 1918, Veblen faisait paraître un livre interpellant sur cette question : The Higher Learning in America. A Memorandum on the Conduct of Universities by Business Men (Les études supérieures aux Etats-Unis. Un rapport sur la gestion des universités par les hommes d’affaires. Cet article retrace la genèse de la critique des « entreprises académiques » au sein de la pensée veblénienne de la science et de la technologie en la confrontant à ses propres contradictions. Au final, il souligne la portée et l’actualité des observations sociologiques de Veblen au regard des pressions exercées aujourd’hui sur les universités et la recherche scientifique fondamentale dans le cadre de la « société de la connaissance ».From the 1980s onwards, European and North-American universities have increased their partnerships with private enterprises in order to compensate for the cutback of public expenses for higher education. A peculiar form of “entrepreneurial” behaviour has derived from these financial transformations. Correspondingly, some university administrators were inclined to assimilate universities to knowledge-based enterprises. But this was nothing new. As soon as 1918, Veblen published a book opposing these emerging practices and which he unequivocally entitled The Higher Learning in America. A Memorandum on the Conduct of Universities by Business Men. This article seeks to face Veblen’s critique of the

  20. Recherche d’adultération dans les huiles végétales : application à la qualité des huiles vierges et notamment de l’huile d’olive

    Ollivier Denis


    Full Text Available La recherche d’adultération des huiles végétales alimentaires, notamment par des huiles raffinées dans les huiles vierges, et plus spécialement dans le cas des huiles d’olive vierge, constitue un véritable défit analytique. L’évolution de l’aspect réglementaire est décrite. Les différentes méthodes de dosage sont passées en revue : compositions en acides gras, en stérols, en triglycérides, analyse spectrophométrique, teneurs en stigmastadiènes. Un bilan analytique est dressé.

  1. The march of the MehteranRethinking the human rights critiques of counter-terrorism

    Can Öztaş


    Full Text Available Since 9/11 counter-terrorism laws adopted by Western democracies have been criticised intensively, producing a large body of theoretical and practical analysis. However, the material focusing on these issues through the lens of racism is limited. Thus the human rights critiques of counter-terrorism laws remain inadequate. One of the more obvious reasons for this gap in the literature is that the discriminatory dimension of counter-terrorism policies and laws and the subtle (sometimes institutional racism involved is not adequately considered. Another reason is related to the dilemmatic role of human rights. Since early modernity the legal system and the values of Europe/the West is imposed on the 'other'. Previously this was done through colonialism and empire building; today, it is realised through the liberal capitalist economic system heralding democratic government based on 'universal' human rights. Like before, the 'other' resist this imposition (along with the democratic system based on human rights, through a vaguely defined term - 'terrorism'. In reaction, counter-terrorism measures and laws, which are known to violate human rights, are enacted in defence of a system which defines itself through a commitment to human rights values. This paper intends to discuss the dual role of human rights, which criticise and affirm counter-terrorism measures.

  2. The Mediated Figure of Hmong Farmer, Hmong Studies, and Asian American Critique

    Hui Niu Wilcox


    Full Text Available The objective of this article is two-fold: First, it argues for critical engagement between Hmong Studies and Asian American Studies. Second, to illustrate the productivity of such engagement,this article analyzes the media coverage of an incident involving Hmong American farmers and their white neighbors in Eagan, Minnesota, June 2010. The focal question is how media discourses around farming and immigration serve to racialize Hmong American identities. Thisanalysis shows that Hmong Americans experience “Asiatic racialization” in that they are either discursively cast outside of the imagined American nation, or included contingent uponassimilation and conformity. Critiquing both the exclusionary and assimilative narratives, this article explicates the inherent contradictions of the U.S. nationalism, referencing both existingHmong Studies literature and Asian Americanist discourses on race and nation. Both bodies of work foreground the historical and social construction of identities, as well as the simultaneous,intertwined workings of race, class, gender/sexuality and nation. Critical dialogues could generate new ideas and possibilities for both Asian American Studies and Hmong Studies.

  3. Social critique or social control: Some problems for evaluation in environmental education

    Robottom, Ian

    Environmental education is often thought of as the branch of science education whose field of inquiry encompasses those necessarily value-laden issues of human intervention in the natural world. While this perception would be contested by those who see the origins of environmental education lying in the sociopolitical arena of community concerns about exploitation of the environment, it is true to say that environmental education and science education are commonly associated in ways that other disciplines are not, and thus it is perhaps to be expected that the dominant paradigm of evaluation in environmental education should be applied science in character. This article raises the issue of the appropriateness of applied science approaches to evaluation in environmental education. The article begins with a critique of applied science approaches to evaluation, drawing arguments from the broader field of educational evaluation. The relationship between characteristics of applied science approaches to evaluation on the one hand and the special characteristics of environmental education on the other is then explored, and the article concludes with an argument for a deliberative choice of research paradigm in environmental education.

  4. Sept programmes normatifs pour une sociologie critique des inégalités

    Jean-Louis Genard


    Full Text Available Toute sociologie critique présuppose la référence à un horizon normatif fondant la défense des positions critiques. Cet horizon normatif demeure parfois, voire souvent, implicite, vraisemblablement parce que son explicitation paraîtrait transgresser l’impératif de neutralisation axiologique qui marque fortement l’épistémologie des sciences sociales, ou, à tout le moins, parce qu’il fait glisser le travail du sociologue sur les terrains de la théorie politique ou du militantisme. Cette contribution cherche au contraire à rendre explicites ces horizons normatifs dans le cas, central pour la sociologie critique, des inégalités sociales. Sept paradigmes normatifs sont ainsi dégagés, articulés et mis en relation avec les enjeux actuels relatifs aux théories de la justice. Leur différenciation se construit principalement à partir de discussions sur les référentiels anthropologiques qui servent d’appui critique (l’idéal anthropologique d’une société juste est-elle l’autonomie ou la vulnérabilité ? Qu’est-ce que l’autonomie ?, etc., sur les conceptions de la justice (l’égalité doit-elle être pensée comme égalité de traitement, de ressources, d’opportunités…? Doit-elle être réfléchie comme redistribution ou comme reconnaissance ?, sur les manières d’envisager la collectivisation de la responsabilité (jusqu’où devons-nous assumer le droit à la différence ? Faut-il y inclure les générations futures ?, ainsi que sur les manières de définir ce qu’est une vie bonne (faut-il mettre en question les liens entre autonomie et émancipation ? La visée de l’égalité ne doit-elle pas d’abord mettre en question nos conceptions héritées de la vie bonne qui sont de fait phagocytées par la consommation et le gaspillage ?.Seven Normative Programs for a Critical Sociology of InequalitiesAny critical sociology assumes a reference to a normative horizon based on the defense of

  5. Instruments measuring perceived racism/racial discrimination: review and critique of factor analytic techniques.

    Atkins, Rahshida


    Several compendiums of instruments that measure perceived racism and/or discrimination are present in the literature. Other works have reviewed the psychometric properties of these instruments in terms of validity and reliability and have indicated if the instrument was factor analyzed. However, little attention has been given to the quality of the factor analysis performed. The aim of this study was to evaluate the exploratory factor analyses done on instruments measuring perceived racism/racial discrimination using guidelines from experts in psychometric theory. The techniques used for factor analysis were reviewed and critiqued and the adequacy of reporting was evaluated. Internet search engines and four electronic abstract databases were used to identify 16 relevant instruments that met the inclusion/exclusion criteria. Principal component analysis was the most frequent method of extraction (81%). Sample sizes were adequate for factor analysis in 81 percent of studies. The majority of studies reported appropriate criteria for the acceptance of un-rotated factors (81%) and justified the rotation method (75%). Exactly 94 percent of studies reported partially acceptable criteria for the acceptance of rotated factors. The majority of articles (69%) reported adequate coefficient alphas for the resultant subscales. In 81 percent of the studies, the conceptualized dimensions were supported by factor analysis.

  6. “Appearance and the Supersensible World”: Emptiness of the Biopolitical Critique of Power

    Rok Svetlič


    Full Text Available This paper takes up for its subject the specific explanatory mechanism of biopolitical discourse. By drawing on two concepts from Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel’s philosophy, it argues that this type of discourse creates no hermeneutical surplus. The first concept can be found in Phenomenology of Spirit, in the chapter “Force and Understanding: Appearance and the Supersensible World”, and the second in The Science of Logic in the chapter “Formal Ground”. It will be demonstrated that the biopolitical critique of power does not distinguish between explicandum and explicans – at its core, it enacts a tautology. It takes merely one moment out of a complex phenomenon under interpretation (this being a moment of negativity, which is in fact common to all phenomena. Then it takes this moment to be the regulative principle guiding the dynamics of the interpreted phenomenon. The problem of this method of explaining is not that it is wrong, but that it is always true. Tautology is an empty always-truth. From beginning to end of this paper, biopolitical discourse is understood from the perspective of trust in the State organism as a central State-building virtue of the democratic culture. Ultimately, the paper shows that biopolitics is just one way of taking oneself out of the thought of the world, which inevitably inhibits the ability of the State to provide for the basic needs of the population.

  7. Critique of Caplan’s The Myth of the Rational Voter

    Stuart Farrand


    Full Text Available Bryan Caplan’s 2007 book, The Myth of the Rational Voter, created some controversy by stating that voters make irrational political decisions. While it has commonly been accepted in public choice discourse that citizens are ignorant of the complexities of politics, Caplan takes the argument one step further and states that citizens hold extreme anti-economic biases that invoke certain irrational demands of politicians. Caplan also asserts that democratic failure is thoroughly a result of the these irrational biases, and that citizens deserve the primary blame for problems within the American political system. This critique analyzes several inconsistencies in Caplan’s assessment of the political condition, which include his doctrine of rational irrationality, his skepticism towards democratic failure, and his apologetic attitude towards politicians. Under closer scrutiny, one can see that Caplan’s main thesis, the concept of rational irrationality, is largely unfounded. Furthermore, the theoretical model he constructs is largely incomplete, since he focuses primarily on the failures of citizens, but does not take into account numerous other factors within the political process that can lead to democratic failure.

  8. Visionary Critique. Gender, Self and Relationship in Rosetta and Two Days, One Night

    Stephanie Knauss


    Full Text Available The films of Jean-Pierre and Luc Dardenne stand out for their complex, multi-dimen¬sional female and male characters whose representation disrupts gender stereotypes in numerous ways, both in how the characters themselves are depicted and in how they are shown to relate to other individuals and their social context. In this contri¬bution, I explore the themes of self, relationship, solidarity, family and work – all of them recurring issues in the films by the Dardennes – using gender as my primary category of analysis, and focusing in particular on the treatment of these themes in Rosetta (Jean-Pierre and Luc Dardenne, FR/BE 1999 and Deux jours, une nuit (Two Days, One Night, Jean-Pierre and Luc Dardenne, BE/FR/IT 2014. I argue that whereas Rosetta (1999 offers a critique of the damaging effects of the masculinized capital¬ist system on individuals and their relationships, Two Days, One Night (2014 can be understood as a vision of alternative possibilities of solidarity and women’s empower¬ment and agency even within the persistent context of masculinized capitalism.

  9. 'Communicative competence' in the field of augmentative and alternative communication: a review and critique.

    Teachman, Gail; Gibson, Barbara E


    Understandings of 'communicative competency' (CC) have an important influence on the ways that researchers and practitioners in augmentative and alternative communication (AAC) work toward achieving positive outcomes with AAC users. Yet, very little literature has critically examined conceptualizations of CC in AAC. Following an overview of the emergence of the concept of CC and of the field of AAC, we review seven conceptualizations of CC identified in the literature. To consider the contributions and potential shortcomings of conceptualizations of CC in AAC. We use a critical theoretical approach to review, critique and synthesize conceptualizations of CC in AAC, with a particular focus on uncovering 'taken for granted' assumptions. By historically situating the reviewed literature, we examine the shifting boundaries and tensions among theoretical conceptualizations of CC in AAC and their potential impacts on practice. We suggest ways that revisiting past scholarly work, alongside emergent, innovative conceptualizations of CC might shift ways of thinking about CC in AAC which tend to focus on the individual who communicates differently, toward (re)location of CC as a shared, socially incorporated and performed communication construct. We propose that emerging critical perspectives drawn from AAC and other interdisciplinary literatures offer innovative ways of theorizing communication difference, which might inform evolving conceptualizations of CC in AAC. © 2013 Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists.

  10. Analyse critique et dimensionnelle du concept de santéisation

    Hélène Poliquin


    Full Text Available Devant les avancées biomédicales ainsi que l’accroissement des coûts en santé, les individus sont incités à redouter et prévenir les maladies en modifiant leurs comportements. De plus, la santé élevée au rang des vertus ou « la santéisation » s’inscrit au cœur des valeurs modernes néolibérales que sont l’autonomie, la responsabilisation et la performance. Dorénavant, la santé et les comportements de santé constituent des moyens privilégiés d’aspirer au bonheur, au bien-être et à l’accomplissement de soi d’autant plus que l’individu jouit d’un statut socioéconomique élevé. Néanmoins, la santéisation peut aussi contribuer à la stigmatisation et l’exclusion sociale en plus de renforcer le sentiment chez certains d’avoir échoué à être des citoyens responsables. Ce texte présente une analyse critique et dimensionnelle du concept de santéisation qui s’appuie, sur cadre théorique composé entre autres, de travaux de Foucault sur le gouvernement des vivants et de Taylor sur l’individu moderne.

  11. The ethics of interrogation and the American Psychological Association: a critique of policy and process.

    Olson, Brad; Soldz, Stephen; Davis, Martha


    The Psychological Ethics and National Security (PENS) task force was assembled by the American Psychological Association (APA) to guide policy on the role of psychologists in interrogations at foreign detention centers for the purpose of U.S. national security. The task force met briefly in 2005, and its report was quickly accepted by the APA Board of Directors and deemed consistent with the APA Ethics Code by the APA Ethics Committee. This rapid acceptance was unusual for a number of reasons but primarily because of the APA's long-standing tradition of taking great care in developing ethical policies that protected anyone who might be impacted by the work of psychologists. Many psychological and non-governmental organizations (NGOs), as well as reputable journalists, believed the risk of harm associated with psychologist participation in interrogations at these detention centers was not adequately addressed by the report. The present critique analyzes the assumptions of the PENS report and its interpretations of the APA Ethics Code. We demonstrate that it presents only one (and not particularly representative) side of a complex set of ethical issues. We conclude with a discussion of more appropriate psychological contributions to national security and world peace that better respect and preserve human rights.

  12. The ethics of interrogation and the American Psychological Association: A critique of policy and process

    Davis Martha


    Full Text Available Abstract The Psychological Ethics and National Security (PENS task force was assembled by the American Psychological Association (APA to guide policy on the role of psychologists in interrogations at foreign detention centers for the purpose of U.S. national security. The task force met briefly in 2005, and its report was quickly accepted by the APA Board of Directors and deemed consistent with the APA Ethics Code by the APA Ethics Committee. This rapid acceptance was unusual for a number of reasons but primarily because of the APA's long-standing tradition of taking great care in developing ethical policies that protected anyone who might be impacted by the work of psychologists. Many psychological and non-governmental organizations (NGOs, as well as reputable journalists, believed the risk of harm associated with psychologist participation in interrogations at these detention centers was not adequately addressed by the report. The present critique analyzes the assumptions of the PENS report and its interpretations of the APA Ethics Code. We demonstrate that it presents only one (and not particularly representative side of a complex set of ethical issues. We conclude with a discussion of more appropriate psychological contributions to national security and world peace that better respect and preserve human rights.

  13. Fear and envy: sexual difference and the economies of feminist critique in psychoanalytic discourse.

    Brunner, J


    This essay examines Freud's construction of a mythical moment during early childhood, in which differences between male and female sexual identities are said to originate. It focuses on the way in which Freud divides fear and envy between the sexes, allocating the emotion of (castration) fear to men, and that of (penis) envy to women. On the one hand, the problems of this construction are pointed out, but on the other hand, it is shown that even a much-maligned myth may still provide food for thought. Then, four critiques of Freud which have been articulated by prominent feminist psychoanalysts -- Karen Horney, Nancy Chodorow, Luce Irigaray, and Jessica Benjamin -- are presented, as well as the alternative visions of sexual identities which these thinkers have developed. The basic metaphors or economies guiding these visions of sexual difference are appraised in terms of their breadth and depth, with particular reference to their ability to acknowledge and integrate the presence of fear and envy as passions which are evoked but also repressed in the face of sexual difference. ...

  14. The Gottfredson-Hirschi critiques revisited: reconciling self-control theory, criminal careers, and career criminals.

    DeLisi, Matt; Vaughn, Michael G


    Revisiting Gottfredson and Hirschi's critiques of criminal career research, the current study views low self-control as being analogous to criminal propensity and examines its predictive validity of career criminality among 723 incarcerated delinquent youths. Four key findings emerged. Compared to noncareer offenders, career criminals had significantly lower levels of self-control. Second, youths scoring one standard deviation above the mean on the Self-Control Scale had an odds ratio of 5.36 of becoming a career criminal. Third, self-control predicted career criminal membership with receiver operator characteristic-area under the curve sensitivity accuracies between 74% and 87%, suggesting that self-control is a potentially useful screening device for chronic criminality. Fourth, low self-control was overwhelmingly the strongest predictor of career criminality and far exceeded the impact of age, race, ethnicity, gender, socioeconomic status, mental illness, attention deficit hyperactivity disorder diagnosis, and trauma experience. Further integration between self-control and criminal career research is urged.

  15. Orthogonality and orthocomplementations in the axiomatic approach to quantum mechanics: Remarks about some critiques

    Cattaneo, Gianpiero; Nistico', Giuseppe


    The logic approach to axiomatic quantum mechanics via orthocomplemented partial ordered sets of yes-no measurements, which constitute the observing part of a concretely realizable experiment on microworld, has been criticized from the empirical point of view by Mielnik, which on the contrary privileges the convex scheme linked to the preparing part. In this work we do assume that a description of quantum phenomenology must take into account both these two parts in which every elementary experiment can be decomposed. According to this predecision, we develop an axiomatic approach based on indistinguishability principles of a quantum information system. The very general concept of yes-no measurement or ``question'' is accepted, and then the set of all questions is classified according to the behavior with respect to a phenomenological orthogonality relation. In particular, we single out the set F of fuzzy events or effects and the set E⊆F of exact events. The Mielnik critique is then refused since it regards the order structure of E using counterexamples which pertain to F/E. The notions of physical property and noperty are then introduced and an axiomatic foundation of quantum mechanics based on a pre-Hilbert space is discussed.

  16. Social science and linguistic text analysis of nurses' records: a systematic review and critique.

    Buus, Niels; Hamilton, Bridget Elizabeth


    The two aims of the paper were to systematically review and critique social science and linguistic text analyses of nursing records in order to inform future research in this emerging area of research. Systematic searches in reference databases and in citation indexes identified 12 articles that included analyses of the social and linguistic features of records and recording. Two reviewers extracted data using established criteria for the evaluation of qualitative research papers. A common characteristic of nursing records was the economical use of language with local meanings that conveyed little information to the uninitiated reader. Records were dominated by technocratic-medical discourse focused on patients' bodies, and they depicted only very limited aspects of nursing practice. Nurses made moral evaluations in their categorisation of patients, which reflected detailed surveillance of patients' disturbing behaviour. The text analysis methods were rarely transparent in the articles, which could suggest research quality problems. For most articles, the significance of the findings was substantiated more by theoretical readings of the institutional settings than by the analysis of textual data. More probing empirical research of nurses' records and a wider range of theoretical perspectives has the potential to expose the situated meanings of nursing work in healthcare organisations.

  17. A pragmatic critique of the conception of everyday praxis within Jeffrey Alexander’s cultural sociology

    Prodanović Srđan


    Full Text Available This paper tries to critically analyse Jeffrey Alexander’s cultural sociology. In the first part of the paper I will examine Alexander’s conception of hermeneutical structuralism which argues that conventional systemic sociology and richness of experience found in everyday praxis can be reconciled. In the next section I will provide a critique of this kind of approach to social theory and maintain that Alexander’s sociology is, in principle, reductionist regarding everyday life. In addition, I will also point out some of the comparative advantages that pragmatically oriented theory has in the attempt of integrating theoretical and practical knowledge. In the final section of the paper, I will try to illustrate some of the major shortcomings of Alexander’s sociology on the concrete example of advances in computer technology. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 43007: Istrаživаnje uticaja klimаtskih promenа nа životnu sredinu: prаćenje uticаjа, аdаptаcijа i ublаžаvаnje

  18. A Self-Critique of Self-Organized Criticality in Astrophysics

    Aschwanden, Markus J.

    The concept of ``self-organized criticality'' (SOC) was originally proposed as an explanation of 1/f-noise by Bak, Tang, and Wiesenfeld (1987), but turned out to have a far broader significance for scale-free nonlinear energy dissipation processes occurring in the entire universe. Over the last 30 years, an inspiring cross-fertilization from complexity theory to solar and astrophysics took place, where the SOC concept was initially applied to solar flares, stellar flares, and magnetospheric substorms, and later extended to the radiation belt, the heliosphere, lunar craters, the asteroid belt, the Saturn ring, pulsar glitches, soft X-ray repeaters, blazars, black-hole objects, cosmic rays, and boson clouds. The application of SOC concepts has been performed by numerical cellular automaton simulations, by analytical calculations of statistical (powerlaw-like) distributions based on physical scaling laws, and by observational tests of theoretically predicted size distributions and waiting time distributions. Attempts have been undertaken to import physical models into numerical SOC toy models. The novel applications stimulated also vigorous debates about the discrimination between SOC-related and non-SOC processes, such as phase transitions, turbulence, random-walk diffusion, percolation, branching processes, network theory, chaos theory, fractality, multi-scale, and other complexity phenomena. We review SOC models applied to astrophysical observations, attempt to describe what physics can be captured by SOC models, and offer a critique of weaknesses and strengths in existing SOC models.

  19. Why Gupta et al.’s critique of niche construction theory is off target



    Gupta et al., in their article in this issue (‘Niche construction in evolutionary theory: the construction of an academic niche?’. doi:10.1007/s12041-017-0787-6), lament ‘serious problems with the way science is being done’ and suggest that ‘niche construction theory exemplifies this state of affairs.’ However, their aggressively confrontational but superficial critique of niche construction theory (NCT) only contributes to these problems by attacking claims that NCT does not make. This is unfortunate, as their poor scholarship has done a disservice to the evolutionary biology community through propagating misinformation.We correct Gupta et al.’s misunderstandings, stressing that NCT does not suggest that the fact that organisms engage in niche constructionis neglected, nor does it make strong claims on the basis of its formal theory. Moreover, the treatment of niche construction as an evolutionary process has been highly productive, and is both theoretically and empirically well validated.We end by reflecting on the potentially deleterious implications of their publication for evolutionary science.

  20. Ethics of Risk. Kristin Shrader-Frechette's Philosophical Critique of Risk Assessment

    Heikkeroe, Topi [Univ. of Helsinki (Finland). Centre for Social Ethics


    This paper addresses risk assessment from a philosophical point of view. It presents and critically reviews the work of Kristin Shrader-Frechette. It introduces the ethical, epistemological, and methodological issues related to risk assessment. The paper focuses on the ethical questions of justice in risk decisions. It opens by framing the relationship between ethics and technology in the modern world. Then the paper turns to a brief description of risk assessment as a central method in technological decision making. It proceeds to show how Shrader-Frechette analyzes ethical and political aspects of risk assessment. The central argumentation In her critique follows RawIsian lines: distributive and participatory inequalities in creating technological constructions need to be justified. To clarify this requirement she formulates the Principle of Prima Facie Political Equity (PPFPE), which is her central tool in most of her ethical criticism, for instance, in relation to the future generations: prima facie. all generations should be treated equally. Brief critical remarks conclude the paper. They touch upon placing Shrader-Frechette's project on the academic chart and her liberal individualist anthropology.

  1. Beethoven recordings reviewed: A systematic method for mapping the content of music performance critique

    Elena eAlessandri


    Full Text Available Critical reviews offer invaluable, rich data that can be utilized to investigate how musical experiences are conceptualized by experts. However, these data also present significant challenges in terms of organization, analysis, and interpretation. This study presents a new systematic method for examining written responses to music, tested on a substantial corpus of music critique. One hundred critical reviews of Beethoven’s piano sonata recordings, published in the Gramophone between August 1934 and July 2010, were selected using in-depth data reduction (qualitative/quantitative approach. The texts were then examined using thematic analysis in order to generate a visual descriptive model of expert critical review. This model reveals how the concept of evaluation permeates critical review. The model also distinguishes between two types of descriptors. The first characterizes the performance on specific actions or features of the musical sound (musical parameters, technique and energy; the second appeals to higher-order properties (artistic style, character and emotion, musical structure, communicativeness or assumed performer qualities (understanding, intentionality, spontaneity, sensibility, control, and care. The new model provides a first methodological guide and conceptual basis for future studies of critical review in any genre.

  2. Evidence-based practice: a deconstruction and postmodern critique: book review article.

    Griffiths, Peter


    This paper discusses the significance of postmodernism for healthcare practice, specifically the discourse known as 'evidence-based practice'. It considers two texts, both of which present postmodern analyses of contemporary issues. One text presents a deconstruction of evidence-based practice in an attempt to reveal its 'true' nature, which is portrayed as one that does not respect research paradigms other than the randomised controlled trial, merely pays lip service to expertise and fails to connect with the real nature of clinical practice. The second text considers the accusation that absolute relativism implied by postmodern approaches may permit an 'anything goes' mentality and provide succour to those advocating unacceptable practices. A 'defence' of postmodernism in relation to the accusation that it encourages holocaust denial is used to consider further the nature and limitations of postmodern critiques of evidence-based practice. This review concludes that postmodernism fundamentally challenges the apparent 'objectivity' of evidence-based practice but it does not challenge the fundamental rules for acquiring and testing evidence. Rather it is the selection of questions to be asked and answered by evidence-based practice/practitioners that is the true limitation. This is the ground upon which fruitful argument can be had about the significance of evidence without undermining the requirement that there be evidence and standards to judge such evidence.

  3. Gérer une revue de presse

    Chartier, Lise


    Cet ouvrage approfondit les notions telles que la collecte des nouvelles, le droit d'auteur, l'évaluation des besoins; il s'intéresse aux contenus, formats et fournisseurs; il explore les outils de consultation, d'évaluation et de recherche; il propose des modèles de budget, de profils d'intérêts et d'appels de propositions.

  4. Adult teachers

    Larsen, Lea Lund


    In this paper I examine the research into the process of adult teachers’ practice-based learning as a part of an on-going project titled “Competence development through practice-based learning – a study of adult teacher’s learning processes”. The project relies on the notion of the adult teacher...... as a 'reflective practitioner’, who develops 'the language of practice’, through experience and learns when she is exposed to 'disjuncture’. Research done on continuing professional development and the inquiries done in the field of teacher thinking and within this the research on novices becoming expert...

  5. Simulation Frames: Young Adult Dystopian Cinema

    Alison Tedman


    Full Text Available This article examines the ways in which Young Adult dystopian film Divergent (2014 successfully repurposes dystopia for a young demographic, making dystopia an aesthetically appealing space for heroic adventure. The film recombines Young Adult literary tropes with film conventions including those of science fiction. Divergent and other Young Adult dystopian films modify the potential for social critique associated with canonic dystopian fiction. The article’s critical framework includes theories of dystopia and of Young Adult dystopian literature, the Freudian uncanny, studies of the post-apocalyptic film city and new media theory. In Divergent, the dystopian division of society into factions is made enjoyable through production design, particularly in ‘Dauntless’, the faction joined by heroine Tris. This extends to transmedia marketing. The book’s violence is reduced to increase audience engagement, while lack of contextual detail precludes a critical dystopia. In Divergent, the spaces and ideologies of the post-apocalyptic film city are reframed as youth culture. Chicago is gamified, connoting an adventure playground. The space of the Dauntless ‘Pit’ offers symbolic rebirth, community and romance, yet its appeal is uncanny, as with communal spaces in The Host (2013 and The Maze Runner (2014. Divergent’s mirror simulation foregrounds spectacle but other simulations construct immediacy, appearing dream-like not immersive. Like the visions in Young Adult dystopian adaptations How I Live Now (2013 and Ender’s Game (2013, simulations convey individual awareness and supernatural communication. The film combines pleasurable classification and a divergence motif with its heroine’s development, revising dystopian cinematic space. Divergent represents a new form of dystopian cinema.

  6. Intimacy, Confidentiality, and Power: Kiss and Tell as a Feminist Critique of Privacy Law

    Naomh Gibson


    Full Text Available The current principle of privacy and its enactment in law and policy is presented as a reified, universal value that is gender-neutral. However this article contends this presumption, and advances that privacy is an inconsistent area of law that has allowed for the oppression of women’s rights and interests. It will be proposed that the narrative of ‘kiss and tell’ stories offers access to substantive justice and equality by subverting legal and gender norms and deconstructing the concept of privacy. Using the tools of feminist legal theory and theoretical commentary, this argument forms four sections. Firstly, it will be introduced that privacy is a value which is nebulous at best, and the reasons for critiquing privacy law using a perspective from feminist legal theory will be explored. Following this, the injustices perpetrated against women by the current state of privacy law will be outlined – particularly in the area of sexual information and sexuality. Using examples from both the UK and American jurisdictions, it will be submitted that privacy law is mired in patriarchal values. Thirdly, the jurisprudence underpinning privacy law decisions on sexual relationships and the legal concepts of confidence and intimacy will be critically examined and deconstructed. Finally, drawing upon investigative research, anecdotal evidence, and critical analysis, it will be submitted that ‘kiss and tell’ narratives are the way forward to reconceptualise privacy. It will be recommended that kiss and tell stories have value in social communication and present a chance for women to engage in relevant public discourse, and more widely, gives law an opportunity to reach a new understanding of privacy appropriate in the modern age.

  7. A health equity critique of social marketing: where interventions have impact but insufficient reach.

    Langford, Rebecca; Panter-Brick, Catherine


    Health interventions increasingly rely on formative qualitative research and social marketing techniques to effect behavioural change. Few studies, however, incorporate qualitative research into the process of program evaluation to understand both impact and reach: namely, to what extent behaviour change interventions work, for whom, in what contexts, and why. We reflect on the success of a community-based hygiene intervention conducted in the slums of Kathmandu, Nepal, evaluating both maternal behaviour and infant health. We recruited all available mother-infant pairs (n = 88), and allocated them to control and intervention groups. Formative qualitative research on hand-washing practices included structured observations of 75 mothers, 3 focus groups, and 26 in-depth interviews. Our intervention was led by Community Motivators, intensively promoting hand-washing-with-soap at key junctures of food and faeces contamination. The 6-month evaluation period included hand-washing and morbidity rates, participant observation, systematic records of fortnightly community meetings, and follow-up interviews with 12 mothers. While quantitative measures demonstrated improvement in hand-washing rates and a 40% reduction in child diarrhoea, the qualitative data highlighted important equity issues in reaching the ultra-poor. We argue that a social marketing approach is inherently limited: focussing on individual agency, rather than structural conditions constraining behaviour, can unwittingly exacerbate health inequity. This contributes to a prevention paradox whereby those with the greatest need of a health intervention are least likely to benefit, finding hand-washing in the slums to be irrelevant or futile. Thus social marketing is best deployed within a range of interventions that address the structural as well as the behavioural and cognitive drivers of behaviour change. We conclude that critiques of social marketing have not paid sufficient attention to issues of health

  8. Modelling biological behaviours with the unified modelling language: an immunological case study and critique.

    Read, Mark; Andrews, Paul S; Timmis, Jon; Kumar, Vipin


    We present a framework to assist the diagrammatic modelling of complex biological systems using the unified modelling language (UML). The framework comprises three levels of modelling, ranging in scope from the dynamics of individual model entities to system-level emergent properties. By way of an immunological case study of the mouse disease experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis, we show how the framework can be used to produce models that capture and communicate the biological system, detailing how biological entities, interactions and behaviours lead to higher-level emergent properties observed in the real world. We demonstrate how the UML can be successfully applied within our framework, and provide a critique of UML's ability to capture concepts fundamental to immunology and biology more generally. We show how specialized, well-explained diagrams with less formal semantics can be used where no suitable UML formalism exists. We highlight UML's lack of expressive ability concerning cyclic feedbacks in cellular networks, and the compounding concurrency arising from huge numbers of stochastic, interacting agents. To compensate for this, we propose several additional relationships for expressing these concepts in UML's activity diagram. We also demonstrate the ambiguous nature of class diagrams when applied to complex biology, and question their utility in modelling such dynamic systems. Models created through our framework are non-executable, and expressly free of simulation implementation concerns. They are a valuable complement and precursor to simulation specifications and implementations, focusing purely on thoroughly exploring the biology, recording hypotheses and assumptions, and serve as a communication medium detailing exactly how a simulation relates to the real biology.

  9. [Plinius and Greek physicians in Rome: the concept of nature and medical critique in Naturalis Historia].

    Hahn, J


    Pliny's historical outline of the development of medicine, in Natural History 29.1-27, is our primary source concerning the reception of scientific medicine at Rome during the later Republic and early Empire. Here, as elsewhere, Pliny handles Greek doctors and their medical practices with vehement disapproval. But this attitude, at first glance anti-Hellene, traditionalistic, and critical of his coevals, arises from more deeply rooted notions: a specific conception of nature which can be shown to be the basis of Pliny's critique of medicine and his own times. Reconstruction of this "Plinean" conception reveals a view of nature marked by Stoic terminology and categories, though in fact derivate from various sources, idiosyncratic and characterized by a genuine love of and respect for nature and her creations. True comprehension of the lessons offered by nature, resulting in concrete mores of behaviour and moral categories, as opposed to theory and speculation, is the proper modus operandi for Pliny. And thus, with regard to the human process of self-discovery in the natural world, medicine plays a decisive role--for providential nature displays herself most clearly in the production of healing substances. Pliny notes among the proponents of scientific medicine, a general disregard for nature and her rules, while he finds just the opposite in traditional medicine. His own accomplishment resides not only in the safeguarding of numberless recipies from the world of folk medicine, but also in the facts that he under-pins these traditional methods of healing, and their basic principles, with a specific conception of nature, and that he marks out an exceptionally important place for traditional methods of healing in the canon of general knowledge.

  10. Development, implementation and critique of a bioethics framework for pharmaceutical sponsors of human biomedical research.

    Van Campen, Luann E; Therasse, Donald G; Klopfenstein, Mitchell; Levine, Robert J


    Pharmaceutical human biomedical research is a multi-dimensional endeavor that requires collaboration among many parties, including those who sponsor, conduct, participate in, or stand to benefit from the research. Human subjects' protections have been promulgated to ensure that the benefits of such research are accomplished with respect for and minimal risk to individual research participants, and with an overall sense of fairness. Although these protections are foundational to clinical research, most ethics guidance primarily highlights the responsibilities of investigators and ethics review boards. Currently, there is no published resource that comprehensively addresses bioethical responsibilities of industry sponsors; including their responsibilities to parties who are not research participants, but are, nevertheless key stakeholders in the endeavor. To fill this void, in 2010 Eli Lilly and Company instituted a Bioethics Framework for Human Biomedical Research. This paper describes how the framework was developed and implemented and provides a critique based on four years of experience. A companion article provides the actual document used by Eli Lilly and Company to guide ethical decisions regarding all phases of human clinical trials. While many of the concepts presented in this framework are not novel, compiling them in a manner that articulates the ethical responsibilities of a sponsor is novel. By utilizing this type of bioethics framework, we have been able to develop bioethics positions on various topics, provide research ethics consultations, and integrate bioethics into the daily operations of our human biomedical research. We hope that by sharing these companion papers we will stimulate discussion within and outside the biopharmaceutical industry for the benefit of the multiple parties involved in pharmaceutical human biomedical research.

  11. A Derridarean critique of Logocentrism as opposed to Textcentrism in John 1v1

    Gavin P. Hendricks


    Full Text Available In Kelber’s hermeneutics of John, the notion of the pre-existence Logos is central. The Logos, in his reading, is prior to the realm of history and outside the reality of the narrative text. I have argued that the Logos in John can be seen as a leading case of logocentrism as coined by Derrida. The term ‘logocentrism’ refers to the Graeco-Christian or Johannine Platonic tradition according to which written language belongs to the realm of the imperfect whereas true knowledge pertains to the pre-existent, personified Logos. Derrida provides an uncompromising critique of logocentrism. He read Western theology and philosophy not in terms of a fading logocentrism and a rise of textcentrism, but rather in terms of the illusion of logocentrism. Derrida’s principle of distress is the referential paradigm of language. The linguistic sign is defined by the signifier and the signified. The signifier constitutes the visible marks committed to paper and the signified is the so-called meaning we attached to them. For Derrida, written language is generally seen as inferior whereas spoken language takes on transcendental significance and an ontological status to the referent of language. The Western tradition of philosophy and theology views writing as exterior whereas speech appears as innocent. Derrida’s logocentrism approach challenges the privileging of speech over writing in the referential system, accusing Western theology and philosophy of falsely enslaving the sign by establishing a transcendental signifier over against writing. In this article, these ideas of Derrida are applied by reading the Logos in the Johannine narrative from the perspective of orality and textuality.

  12. A critique of social marketing in the non-profit development sector

    L.M. Fourie


    Full Text Available In its struggle to find funding, non-profit organisations world-wide are increasingly using social marketing strategies. This approach potentially influences non governmental organisations (NGOs and community based organisations (CBOs in their communication with their “clients”, i.e. those persons and com-munities in need of development. Marketing strategies con-sequently become instruments in achieving social development, with as main premise that behaviour could be changed by means of persuasive, top-down communication. Social marketing, with its roots in marketing, has a strong focus on persuasion and favours top-down communication rather than dialogical communication strategies suggested by the par-ticipatory development communication approach. It is also questionable whether social marketing can be equated with the principles of a Biblically informed approach to communication. With these questions in mind, this article discusses Biblical views on communication and the participatory development communication approach. A critique of the social marketing approach is then offered. It is argued here that there is no clear-cut answer as to whether social marketing could be described as participatory. What is clear is that there are many different views on social marketing, as is the case with participatory approaches. It would thus seem more correct to place social marketing on a participation continuum, rather than to define it as being participatory and thus per definition ethical or not. Finally, a number of suggestions are made which could bring it more in line with the participatory communication approach as well as Biblical principles on com-munication.

  13. Worldwide incidence of malaria in 2009: estimates, time trends, and a critique of methods.

    Richard E Cibulskis


    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Measuring progress towards Millennium Development Goal 6, including estimates of, and time trends in, the number of malaria cases, has relied on risk maps constructed from surveys of parasite prevalence, and on routine case reports compiled by health ministries. Here we present a critique of both methods, illustrated with national incidence estimates for 2009. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We compiled information on the number of cases reported by National Malaria Control Programs in 99 countries with ongoing malaria transmission. For 71 countries we estimated the total incidence of Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax by adjusting the number of reported cases using data on reporting completeness, the proportion of suspects that are parasite-positive, the proportion of confirmed cases due to each Plasmodium species, and the extent to which patients use public sector health facilities. All four factors varied markedly among countries and regions. For 28 African countries with less reliable routine surveillance data, we estimated the number of cases from model-based methods that link measures of malaria transmission with case incidence. In 2009, 98% of cases were due to P. falciparum in Africa and 65% in other regions. There were an estimated 225 million malaria cases (5th-95th centiles, 146-316 million worldwide, 176 (110-248 million in the African region, and 49 (36-68 million elsewhere. Our estimates are lower than other published figures, especially survey-based estimates for non-African countries. CONCLUSIONS: Estimates of malaria incidence derived from routine surveillance data were typically lower than those derived from surveys of parasite prevalence. Carefully interpreted surveillance data can be used to monitor malaria trends in response to control efforts, and to highlight areas where malaria programs and health information systems need to be strengthened. As malaria incidence declines around the world, evaluation of control efforts

  14. A critique of neoliberalism with fierceness: queer youth of color creating dialogues of resistance.

    Grady, Jonathan; Marquez, Rigoberto; McLaren, Peter


    As a form of deregulated capitalism that has run amok, commodifying all that is in its path, and as a cultural means of commodifying Black and brown bodies, neoliberalism has taken a serious toll on the lives of working-class queer youth of color. Although it has hijacked spaces of cultural representation and material production, neoliberal capitalism is far from transparent. Through resistance, activism and performance queer youth of color have now started to shape a critique of oppressive structures, neoliberal policies, and pedagogical practices that are critical of their intersecting identities. This article examines neoliberalism's impact on education, focusing on educational policy and how these policies have affected queer youth of color in the urban centers of our major cities. This article also considers the contributions made by educators writing from the perspective of critical pedagogy in addressing the plight of queer youth of color in U.S. schools while employing the example of the dance group, Innovation, as way of addressing the havoc of neoliberalism in the lives of queer youth of color through performance and activism. This group has not only transformed notions of gender, race, class and sexuality that challenge major tenants of neoliberalism, but has also served as potent sites for the development of a critical pedagogy for working-class queer youth of color. Through sites of resistance rooted in progressive struggle, queer youth of color must be enabled by critical transformative intellectuals committed to encouraging youth to critically evaluate and challenge ideologies while displaying an allegiance to egalitarianism.




    Full Text Available Abstract: This research focuses on the primary-synthetic unity of apperception, as it appears in Kant’s Critique of Pure Reason, in a larger framework called transcendental idealism. Descartes’ philosophy may be considered the first step towards transcendental idealism: the first occurrence of the idea of an epistemic subject. The essence of the epistemic subject through the method of systematic doubt is that of being a thinking corpus: I exist because I think. In the System of Transcendental Idealism, Schelling starts with a classical question of Western metaphysics: knowledge means an accord between something that is objective and something that is subjective. From here, the following question arises: what is the conjunction between the objective datum and the subjective one, or how can both of them be put together, so that no contradiction should arise? When the subjective takes priority, we are talking about transcendental philosophy, a philosophy which holds as central to itself the epistemic subject; and starting from it, we can accomplish the accord between subject and object, within knowledge. For all this mechanism described above to work, we need an organon, which is above the mediated knowledge, meaning it is direct. According to Shelling, this instrument is the intellectual insight. Returning to Kant, the transcendental subject depends on perceptiveness; therefore the transcendental subject cannot have intellectual insights. The primary-synthetic unity of apperception belongs to the intellect and includes perceptiveness and the categories. This unity creates an accord between “I think” and “my representations”. “I think” is the essence of the epistemic subject. Representations must be associated with the exterior objects. The subject-object accord, created by Schelling by the means of intellectual insight, is achieved, in Kant’s view, through the unity of apperception.

  16. CPR: Adult

    Full Text Available ... AID, CPR and AED LIFEGUARDING Refresher Putting It All Together: CPR—Adult (2:03) Refresher videos only ... Store Contact Us Privacy Policy Terms and Conditions All rights reserved. 2011 American National Red Cross.

  17. Adult Sinusitis

    ... Epiphora (Excessive Tearing) Disclosure Statement Printer Friendly Adult Sinusitis Berrylin J. Ferguson, MD Sarah K. Wise, MD ... determine the best treatment for your condition. COMMON SINUSITIS SYMPTOMS Nasal obstruction or nasal congestion Thick & discolored ...

  18. Moral Development in Late Adolescence and Adulthood: A Critique and Reconstruction of Kohlberg's Theory.

    Murphy, John Michael; Gilligan, Carol


    Provides an alternative conception of postconventional moral development which fits existing data on late adolescent and adult moral judgment better than Kohlberg's higher stage descriptions. Data is from a longitudinal study of 26 undergraduates at Harvard. (Author/SS)

  19. Concurrences in Contemporary Travel Writing: Postcolonial Critique and Colonial Sentiments in Sven Lindqvist's Exterminate all the Brutes and Terra Nullius

    Piia K. Posti


    Full Text Available Recent research highlights contemporary travel writing's complicity in global politics, and the genre is claimed to reproduce the discourses that constitute our understanding of the world. It has also been argued that the genre holds a possibility to help us gain further knowledge about contemporary global politics, as it may work as an arena where global politics is commented on, intervened with and re-shaped. With this double view, current research exemplifies how scholars today grapple with the challenge of accounting for simultaneous and sometimes conflicting histories and conditions that are altered and affected by colonial contacts, practices and ideologies, and by recent globalisation. This article explores this double characteristic of the travelogue through the concept of concurrence, and discusses how this concept is useful as a tool for a new understanding of the genre. How can this concept be employed in an analysis of travel writing that is deeply engaged in a critique of colonialism and its legacy in today's globalism but is simultaneously enmeshed in and complicit with the legacy that is critiques? 'Concurrence' is introduced as a concept for such analysis since it contains both the notion of simultaneity and competition. It is suggested that 'concurrence' pro-vides a conceptual framework that allows us to account for controversies, intersections and inequities without reinscribing them into a reconciled and universalizing perspective. In exploring the concept of concurrence, this article provides an initial analysis of two contemporary Swedish travel narratives by Sven Lindqvist. The analysis is focused on the genre's tension between fact and fiction, its discursive entanglement in colonialism, and the problem and possibility of writing postcolo-nial critique by use of this genre.

  20. A Critique of Cross-Linguistic Influence on Word Search In Tip-of-the-Tongue States

    JI Xiao-tong


    This critique gives a brief summary of Cross-Linguistic Influence on Word Search in Tip-of-the-Tongue States and ana⁃lyzes its strengths and weaknesses from theoretical and methodological perspectives. Apart from critically reviewing the article, this paper draws inspiration from it with respect to mental lexicon, and proposes that this article can be a research model for studies of L2 influence on the retrieval of L1 in tip-of-the-tongue states in relation to cross-linguistic influence.

  1. Inclusive Education for Children with Special Education Needs:A Critique of Policy and Practice in New Zealand

    Garry Hornby


    Full Text Available This article considers the issue of inclusive education for children with disabilities and special educational needs, in particular with regard to policies and practices in developed countries, such as New Zealand. The article reviews the debate about inclusive education and outlines several confusions about inclusion that have emerged from this debate. It then provides a critique of policies and practices regarding inclusive education in New Zealand, in comparison to those in other developed countries, such as the USA and England. Finally, implications of the issues discussed for developing countries, such as those in the Asia-'‐Pacific region, are outlined.

  2. Gerald Raunig, Gene Ray e Ulf Wuggenig (orgs. (2011, Critique of Creativity: Precarity, Subjectivity and Resistance in the Creative Industries

    Pedro Quintela


    Full Text Available O debate sobre as indústrias culturais e criativas ganhou visibilidade nos últimos anos, ultrapassando o contexto académico e invadindo o espaço público, através dos média e dos agentes políticos. No contexto europeu a “agenda da criatividade” constitui hoje uma das principais tendências estruturadoras dos discursos e das práticas políticas. A obra Critique of Creativity, recentemente publicada, insere‑se nesta discussão. Este livro pretende contribuir para a análise do recente hype em torno...

  3. Conceptualizations of culture and cultural care among undergraduate nursing students: an exploration and critique of cultural education.

    Vandenberg, Helen; Kalischuk, Ruth Grant


    Culture and cultural care have become important concepts in nursing education. However, little is known about what nursing students learn about these complex concepts. The purpose of this study was to explore and critique what nursing students learn about culture and cultural care. First and fourth year students were invited to participate in a focused ethnography to explore how nursing education might shape student knowledge of culture over time. Findings revealed that both groups of students supported the essentialist view of culture. Although students supported the ideals of cultural care, students remained unaware of critical views of culture.

  4. May the blessed man win: a critique of the categorical preference for natural talent over doping as proper origins of athletic ability.

    Bonte, Pieter; Sterckx, Sigrid; Pennings, Guido


    Doping scandals can reveal unresolved tensions between the meritocratic values of equal opportunity + reward for effort and the "talentocratic" love of hereditary privilege. Whence this special reverence for talent? We analyze the following arguments: (1) talent is a unique indicator of greater potential, whereas doping enables only temporary boosts (the fluke critique); (2) developing a talent is an authentic endeavor of "becoming who you are," whereas reforming the fundamentals of your birth suit via artifice is an act of alienation (the phony critique); (3) your (lack of) talent informs you of your proper place and purpose in life, whereas doping frustrates such an amor fati self-understanding (the fateless critique). We conclude that these arguments fail to justify a categorical preference for natural talent over integrated artifice. Instead, they illustrate the extent to which unsavory beliefs about "nature's aristocracy" may still be at play in the moral theatre of sports.

  5. Georg Simmel, une interprétation critique de la notion kantienne du bonheur.

    Annette Disselkamp


    Full Text Available Dans un texte relativement peu connu, intitulé Kant, Georg Simmel développe des réflexions critiques à propos de la notion kantienne du bonheur. En comparant celles-ci avec son analyse de la société moderne, telle qu’il la propose dans la Philosophie de l’argent, on s’aperçoit qu’il existe, entre les concepts philosophiques qui y sont mis en œuvre, une relation de correspondance parfaite. La conclusion s’impose que, pour Simmel, la notion kantienne du bonheur trouve comme son incarnation historique dans la culture monétaire. La modernité, que Simmel caractérise par le fait qu’elle offre aux individus la possibilité d’accéder aux objets et aux positions de leur choix, matérialise en effet une aporie inhérente au concept du bonheur chez Kant, dans la mesure où ce dernier souligne l’indétermination totale des choix, d’un côté, et de l’autre, l’idée que c’est hors de la volonté elle-même que la recherche du bonheur puise ses mobiles.In his relatively unknown text Kant, Georg Simmel develops some critical thoughts concerning Kant’s notion of happiness. The comparison between this text and his analysis of modern society, especially in his work Philosophy of Money, reveals that there exists a perfect correspondence between the philosophical concepts used in the two books. This leads us to conclude that, in Simmel’s eyes, monetary culture represents some kind of historical embodiment of the Kantian notion of happiness. Modernity, which offers all individuals the possibility of acquiring any objects or positions they choose, materialises an aporia inherent in Kant’s concept of happiness, consisting in the fact that, on the one hand, our choices are totally undetermined, and, on the other hand, the search for happiness is motivated by impulsions that lie outside of our will.

  6. Revisiter le renouveau religieux dans le développement : une critique de Philip Fountain

    Katherine Marshall


    Full Text Available L’article de Philip Fountain, complexe s’il en est et profond à bien des égards, aborde un ensemble de questions auxquelles se heurtent aujourd’hui bon nombre d’acteurs dans le large éventail d’institutions et de visions du monde divergentes. Il débute et conclut son article par une réflexion sur la « découverte » de la religion par les communautés du développement. Il affirme que les définitions plus que généralisées, bâclées dirais-je même, de la religion sont monnaie courante. Et de déduire que derrière ces nombreux traitements de la « religion » se cache « une certaine conceptualisation par défaut – substantialiste, essentialisée, sans fondement historique et universelle ». Il propose un argument important : là où les vastes sphères complexes de la religion sont présentes, les catégorisations simplistes sont trompeuses et chargées d’un lourd bagage politique. Si j’abonde totalement dans son sens sur le premier point, je reste par contre bien moins convaincue que des politiques néfastes soient à l’œuvre au niveau qu’il suggère dans ses efforts pour conceptualiser le chevauchement entre les sphères du développement et de la croyance. Je dirais, pour ma part, que les caractérisations simplistes des vastes sphères complexes du développement international sont autant chargées que les grandes généralisations sur la religion. L’article de Philip Fountain pèche à mon sens par sa caractérisation insuffisante du développement. Il appelle à un examen critique du « développement laïque », sans toutefois en préciser les contours. (…

  7. Pour une critique sceptique de la pragmatique transcendantale de K. O. Apel.

    Frédéric Cossutta


    Full Text Available Parmi les philosophies qui tentent de faire face à la crise de la rationalité, certaines, plus radicales que d’autres, en proposent une fondation reposant sur des principes qui se veulent exempts de toute présupposition. Ainsi K. O. Apel entend opérer une refondation de la rationalité éthique et cognitive en considérant les activités communicationnelles et argumentatives. Il s’agit d’élaborer une «pragmatique transcendantale» dont le processus d’étayage auto-réflexif s’appuie sur la «contradiction pragmatique» dans laquelle tombent ses éventuels contradicteurs. Une telle prétention n’est-elle pas exorbitante ? Les sceptiques grecs ont élaboré une approche pragmatique du sens qui leur permet d’éviter la disqualification de leur énonciation, ce qui permet, en transposant leurs conceptions à la lumière des théories contemporaines du langage, d’échapper à la critique de Apel. On peut dès lors reconnaître le caractère constitutif de l’activité communicationnelle, sans prétendre en proposer une fondation ultime de type transcendantal, ni préjuger de son orientation éthique. Resterait à se demander s’il est possible de reconstruire une rationalité minimale compatible avec la posture sceptique.Among philosophical attempts to face the crisis of rationality, some of them emphasize the necessity of grounding its refoundation on presuppositionless principles. K.O. Apel aims at the refoundation of ethical and cognitive rationality within a communicational and argumentative framework. His “Discourse ethics” dwell on the impossibility to be criticized without committing a “pragmatic contradiction”. Is this not an excessive claim ? Greek scepticism has always been aware of the paradoxes that its own formulation raises and elaborates pragmatic strategies to escape contradiction. We can thus use these tools to avoid Apel’s argument and say that even if the communicative activities were

  8. Crítica moral de Francis Bacon a la filosofía Francis Bacon's moral critique to philosophy

    Maximiliano Prada Dussán


    Full Text Available Este escrito muestra la crítica moral de Bacon a la filosofía, presente en sus obras de juventud, la cual es desarrollada en tres niveles: primero, los cargos a la filosofía por su inutilidad, segundo, las acusaciones a la falta de verdad y de método y, finalmente, la denuncia de falta de caridad y humildad. En conclusión, este estudio intentará sustentar que 1. La reforma baconiana no se restringe a un nuevo método ni a una nueva teoría de la materia; más allá de esto, encuentra un sustento en una nueva posición moral del hombre frente a la naturaleza, y 2. Que su proyecto epistemológico encuentra sentido en el trasfondo moral.This paper is about Bacon's moral critique to philosophy. This critique is present in his youth work and it is developed in three levels: first, charges against philosophy because of its uselessness; second, accusations against philosophy's lack of truth and method; and, finally, charges against philosophy's lack of charity and humility. Briefly, this study will state and support two hypotheses. 1. Bacon´s reform is not restricted to a new method neither a new theory of matter; beyond this; it is a new moral position about man in relation to nature. 2. His epistemological project makes sense in the moral background.

  9. Don Jackson's "A critique of the literature on the genetics of schizophrenia": a reappraisal after 40 years.

    Joseph, J


    In 1960, Don Jackson published "A Critique of the Literature on the Genetics of Schizophrenia." Jackson's critique nearly relegated the classical twin method to obscurity as being hopelessly confounded by environmental factors. Jackson noted several trends in the schizophrenia twin data that were difficult to explain on genetic grounds. In fact, none of Jackson's 12 major points, examined in this article, have been satisfactorily answered by proponents of the twin method. The evidence in support of Jackson's most controversial claim-that the psychology of twinship itself might lead to a greater rate of schizophrenia among twins when compared with the single-born population--is inconclusive. However, although several leading twin researchers have dismissed Jackson's entire thesis on the basis of the inconclusiveness of this one claim, this idea was not central to Jackson's basic argument. The research undertaken for this article appears to confirm the validity of the most important points of Jackson's analysis and that therefore the classical twin method is of doubtful value as an indicator of genetic influences on schizophrenia and other diagnoses or psychological trait differences. Jackson's article demonstrated the implausibility of what came to be known as the MZ/DZ "equal environment assumption" of the twin method, implying that the twin method records nothing more than environmental differences between monozygotic and dizygotic twins.

  10. A Review of Approaches for the Design of Li-Ion BMS Estimation Functions Revue de différentes approches pour l’estimation de l’état de charge de batteries Li-ion

    Di Domenico D.


    Full Text Available This paper aims at comparing different approaches for the estimation of the state of charge of lithium-ion batteries. The main advantages as well as the critical points of the considered techniques are analyzed, highlighting the impact of the cell model precision and complexity on the estimator performance. Among others, the electrical equivalent circuit based technique is selected for further development. The results of a complete procedure from the cell characterization to the online estimation are illustrated. The experimental tests based on the data collected on batteries testing facilities of IFP Energies nouvelles show that the proposed strategy allows a satisfying state of charge real time estimation. Cet article vise à comparer différentes approches pour l’estimation de l’état de charge pour les batteries Li-ion. Les principaux avantages ainsi que les points critiques des différentes techniques sont analysés, en soulignant l’impact de la complexité et de la précision du modèle sur les performances de l’estimateur. La procédure complète, allant de la caractérisation de la cellule jusqu’à l’estimation en ligne de l’état de charge, est présentée pour la modélisation par circuit électrique équivalent. Les tests expérimentaux sur la base des données acquises au laboratoire batteries d’IFP Energies nouvelles montrent que cette stratégie permet d’obtenir un estimateur en temps réel de l’état de charge présentant de bonnes performances.

  11. CPR: Adult

    Full Text Available Refresher Center Home FIRST AID, CPR and AED LIFEGUARDING Refresher Putting It All Together: CPR—Adult (2:03) Refresher videos only utilize this player QUICK LINKS Home Purchase Course Materials Shop Our Store ...

  12. A Foucaultian Critique of Learning Disability Discourses: Personal Narratives and Science

    Mazher, Waseem


    In this article, I present a critical discourse analysis (CDA) of two discourses in learning disabilities (LD)--the academic research literature on emotions of students labeled as LD and retrospective autobiographies from adults labeled as LD writing about their emotions as students. Drawing mainly on Foucaultian explanations of power, I…

  13. Racism in African Children's Literature: A Critique of Eric Campbell's "The Year of the Leopard Song."

    Osa, Osayimwense

    Eric Campbell, an English teacher, spent most of his working life in New Guinea and in East Africa, where he lived in the shadow of Kilimanjaro. He now lives in England and writes about Africa. People could expect an objective, and perhaps, a dispassionate account or depiction of African children and adults--their individual lives and…

  14. Reference Standards & Reference Work; A Critique of the New RASD Guidelines "A Commitment to Information Services"

    Rugh, Archie G.


    The document entitled "A Commitment to Information Services," prepared over a period of two years by the Standards Committee of the Reference and Adult Services Division (RASD) of the American Library Association, and now formally adopted by the Division Executive Board, is a better disappointment. (Author)

  15. A "Fear" Studies Perspective and Critique: Analyzing English and Stengel's Progressive Study of Fear and Learning in "Education Theory." Technical Paper No. 37

    Fisher, R. Michael


    The author critiques the progressive approach of two contemporary educational philosophers (English and Stengel) on the topic of fear and learning. Using a postmodern integral approach, this article examines the tendency of reductionism, individualism, and psychologism as part of a hegemonic liberalism and modernism in discourses on fear and…

  16. The Critical Humanisms of Dorothy Dinnerstein and Immanuel Kant Employed for Responding to Gender Bias: A Study, and an Exercise, in Radical Critique

    Bynum, Gregory Lewis


    Two humanist, critical approaches--those of Dorothy Dinnerstein and Immanuel Kant--are summarized, compared, and employed to critique gender bias in science education. The value of Dinnerstein's approach lies in her way of seeing conventional "masculinity" and conventional "femininity" as developing in relation to each other from early childhood.…

  17. Does Student Sorting Invalidate Value-Added Models of Teacher Effectiveness? An Extended Analysis of the Rothstein Critique. Working Paper 2009-01

    Koedel, Cory; Betts, Julian R.


    Value-added modeling continues to gain traction as a tool for measuring teacher performance. However, recent research (Rothstein, 2009a, 2009b) questions the validity of the value-added approach by showing that it does not mitigate student teacher sorting bias (its presumed primary benefit). Our study explores this critique in more detail.…

  18. The Critical Humanisms of Dorothy Dinnerstein and Immanuel Kant Employed for Responding to Gender Bias: A Study, and an Exercise, in Radical Critique

    Bynum, Gregory Lewis


    Two humanist, critical approaches--those of Dorothy Dinnerstein and Immanuel Kant--are summarized, compared, and employed to critique gender bias in science education. The value of Dinnerstein's approach lies in her way of seeing conventional "masculinity" and conventional "femininity" as developing in relation to each other from early childhood.…

  19. A Critical Theory of Dialogue: A Review and Critique of Habermas' Theory of Universal Pragmatics and Implications for Theories of Decision Making and Negotiation.

    Savage, Grant T.

    Intended for researchers and teachers of the small group process, decision making, and negotiation, this paper offers a review and critique of J. Habermas's theory of universal pragmatics. The first section of this paper retraces Habermas's theory, which seeks to free social action from false consciousness (that is, political ideologies) that…

  20. Labour Subjectivities for the New World of Work: A Critique of Government Policy on the Integration of Entrepreneurialism in the University Curriculum

    Hall, Philippa


    International debates on the aims and purposes of entrepreneurship education in universities are examined in this paper through the prism of a policy critique of recent English higher education initiatives. The Department of Business, Innovation and Skills (BIS) policy to integrate rather than "add on" enterprise education throughout…