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Sample records for adrenaline

  1. Adrenaline and hypertension

    OpenAIRE

    Blankestijn, Peter

    1991-01-01

    textabstractThe questions we hoped to answer by the studies described in this thesis, were: 1 Does adrenaline, when infused intravenously in normotensive subjects leading to plasma levels in the high physiological range, cause a sustained and protracted rise in blood pressure, which outlasts the duration of the increments in circulating adrenaline? And if so, does this effect on blood pressure occurs at rest or during periods of activation of the sympathetic nervous system? In view of the dat...

  2. Adrenaline and hypertension

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.J. Blankestijn (Peter)

    1991-01-01

    textabstractThe questions we hoped to answer by the studies described in this thesis, were: 1 Does adrenaline, when infused intravenously in normotensive subjects leading to plasma levels in the high physiological range, cause a sustained and protracted rise in blood pressure, which outlasts the dur

  3. Adrenalin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    倪沁

    1998-01-01

    在我以往阅读英美报刊时,我几次碰到adrenalin这个词,只是觉得新鲜。而最近我发现这个词出现的频率越来越高。于是,就感到这个词不可掉以轻心,我记下了4句含adrenalin的句子。它们分别是:

  4. Forearm metabolism during infusion of adrenaline

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, L; Stefl, B; Bülow, J

    2000-01-01

    Human skeletal muscle metabolism is often investigated by measurements of substrate fluxes across the forearm. To evaluate whether the two forearms give the same metabolic information, nine healthy subjects were studied in the fasted state and during infusion of adrenaline. Both arms were...... catheterized in a cubital vein in the retrograde direction. A femoral artery was catheterized for blood sampling, and a femoral vein for infusion of adrenaline. Forearm blood flow was measured by venous occlusion strain-gauge plethysmography. Forearm subcutaneous adipose tissue blood flow was measured...... by the local 133Xe washout method. Metabolic fluxes were calculated as the product of forearm blood flow and a-v differences of metabolite concentrations. After baseline measurements, adrenaline was infused at a rate of 0.3 nmol kg-1 min-1. No difference in the metabolic information obtained in the fasting...

  5. Plasma catecholamines after endotracheal administration of adrenaline during postnatal resuscitation.

    OpenAIRE

    K. O. Schwab; von Stockhausen, H B

    1994-01-01

    To analyse the degradation of adrenaline after cardiopulmonary resuscitation of preterm neonates, free and sulphoconjugated adrenaline, noradrenaline, and dopamine were determined in 31 preterm neonates by a radioenzymatic method. Nine of the neonates received a high dose (250 micrograms/kg) of endotracheally administered adrenaline (1:1000); three of them had more than one dose of adrenaline. With the exception of sulphoconjugated dopamine, the free and sulphoconjugated catecholamine concent...

  6. Effect of urate on the lactoperoxidase catalyzed oxidation of adrenaline.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Løvstad, Rolf A

    2004-12-01

    Lactoperoxidase is an iron containing enzyme, which is an essential component of the defense system of mammalian secretary fluids. The enzyme readily oxidizes adrenaline and other catecholamines to coloured aminochrome products. A Km-value of 1.21 mM and a catalytic constant (k = Vmax/[Enz]) of 15.5 x 10(3) min(-1) characterized the reaction between lactoperoxidase and adrenaline at pH 7.4. Urate was found to activate the enzyme catalyzed oxidation of adrenaline in a competitive manner, the effect decreasing with increasing adrenaline concentration. Lactoperoxidase was able to catalyze the oxidation of urate. However, urate was a much poorer substrate than adrenaline, and it seems unlikely that urate activates by functioning as a free, redox cycling intermediate between enzyme and adrenaline. The activation mechanism probably involves an urate-lactoperoxidase complex.

  7. Copper Phthalocyanine Catalysis to Oxidation of Adrenaline by Oxygen and Its Application in Adrenaline Detection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HUANG Jun; LI Mingtian; TANG Yan; FANG Hua; DING Liyun

    2008-01-01

    The oxidation of adrenaline by dioxygen using copper phthalocyanine (CuPc) as the catalyzer was studied. CuPc has the optimal catalytic pH of 8.0 and the optimal catalytic temperature of 55 ℃. It also has good storage and operation stability. The fiber optic adrenaline biosensor based on CuPc catalysis and fluorescence quenching was fabricated and studied. This sensor has the detection range of 7.0×10-5 -1.5×10-4 mol/L, the response time of 4 min, good reproducibility and stability.

  8. Pulse Radiolysis of Adrenaline in Acid Aqueous Solutions

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gohn, M.; Getoff, N.; Bjergbakke, Erling

    1976-01-01

    Pulse radiolysis of adrenaline in acid aqueous solutions (pH 1–3) was carried out. The rate constants for the reactions of adrenaline with H and OH were determined: k(H + adr.) = (0·9±0·1) × 109 dm3 mol−1s−1; k(OH + adr.) = (1·65±0·15) × 1010 dm3 mol−1s−1. The H-adduct of adrenaline has two λmax...

  9. Rotational Spectroscopy Unveils Eleven Conformers of Adrenaline

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabezas, C.; Cortijo, V.; Mata, S.; Lopez, J. C.; Alonso, J. L.

    2013-06-01

    Recent improvements in our LA-MB-FTMW instrumentation have allowed the characterization of eleven and eight conformers for the neurotransmitters adrenaline and noradrenaline respectively. The observation of this rich conformational behavior is in accordance with the recent observation of seven conformers for dopamine and in sharp contrast with the conformational reduction proposed for catecholamines. C. Cabezas, I. Peña, J. C. López, J. L. Alonso J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2013, 4, 486. H. Mitsuda, M. Miyazaki, I. B. Nielsen, P. Carcabal,C. Dedonder, C. Jouvet, S. Ishiuchi, M. Fujii J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 2010, 1, 1130.

  10. Rotational Spectra of Adrenaline and Noradrenaline

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cortijo, V.; López, J. C.; Alonso, J. L.

    2009-06-01

    The emergence of Laser Ablation Molecular Beam Fourier Transform Microwave (LA-MB-FTMW) spectroscopy has rendered accessible the gas-phase study of solid biomolecules with high melting points. Among the biomolecules to benefit from this technique, neurotransmitters have received special attention due to the lack of experimental information and their biological relevance. As a continuation of the we present the study of adrenaline and noradrenaline. The comparison between the experimental rotational and ^{14}N nuclear quadrupole coupling constants and those calculated ab initio provide a definitive test for molecular structures and confirm unambiguously the identification of four conformers of adrenaline and three conformers of noradrenaline. Their relative population in the jet has been evaluated by relative intensity measurements of selected rotational transitions. The most abundant conformer in both neurotransmitters present an extended AG configuration with a O-H\\cdotsN hydrogen bond in the side chain. J.L. Alonso, M.E. Sanz, J.C. López and V. Cortijo, J. Am. Chem. Soc. (in press), 2009

  11. Endocrine, metabolic and cardiovascular responses to adrenaline after abdominal surgery

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hilsted, J; Wilken-Jensen, Charlotte; Birch, K;

    1990-01-01

    Adrenaline-induced changes in heart rate, blood pressure, plasma adrenaline and noradrenaline, cortisol, glucagon, insulin, cAMP, glucose lactate, glycerol and beta-hydroxybutyrate were studied preoperatively and 4 and 24 h after skin incision in 8 patients undergoing elective cholecystectomy. Late...... postoperative responses of blood glucose, plasma cAMP, lactate and glycerol to adrenaline infusion were reduced, whereas other responses were unaffected. Blood glucose appearance and disappearance rate as assessed by [3H]3-glucose infusion was unchanged pre- and postoperatively. The increase in glucose...... appearance rate following adrenaline was similar pre- and postoperatively. These findings suggest that several beta-receptor-mediated responses to adrenaline are reduced after abdominal surgery....

  12. Adrenaline influences the release of interleukin-6 from murine pituicytes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, J D; Hansen, E W; Frederiksen, C;

    1999-01-01

    In this study, we examined the effect of adrenaline and interleukin-1beta on interleukin-6 secretion from cultured murine neurohypophyseal cells. Cells were cultured from neurohypophyses of 3- to 5-week-old mice and experiments were performed after 13 days in culture. Interleukin-6 was measured...... in 24-h samples using a sandwich fluoroimmunoassay. Unstimulated cells released 19+/-3 fmol interleukin-6/neurohypophysis/24 h (mean +/- S.E.M., n = 42). Adrenaline and interleukin-1beta increased the release of interleukin-6 from the cells in a concentration-dependent manner. Incubation with adrenaline...

  13. Adrenaline and glycogenolysis in skeletal muscle during exercise

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjaer, M; Howlett, K; Langfort, J;

    2000-01-01

    The role of adrenaline in regulating muscle glycogenolysis and hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL) activity during exercise was examined in six adrenaline-deficient bilaterally adrenalectomised, adrenocortico-hormonal-substituted humans (Adr) and in six healthy control individuals (Con). Subjects cycled......-phosphate and glucose were similar in -Adr and Con, whereas glycogen phosphorylase (a/a + b x 100 %) and HSL (% phosphorylated) activities increased during exercise in Con only. Adrenaline infusion increased activities of phosphorylase and HSL as well as blood lactate concentrations compared with those...... glycogenolysis in exercising adrenalectomised subjects. Although adrenaline increases the glycogen phosphorylase activity it is not essential for glycogen breakdown in contracting muscle. Finally, a novel finding is that the activity of HSL in human muscle is increased in exercising man and this is due, at least...

  14. Effects of Peritonsillar Injection of Tramadol and Adrenaline before Tonsillectomy;

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beigh Zafarullah

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Various hemostatic and analgesic agents and techniques have been used to reduce intraoperative and postoperative hemorrhage and pain in tonsillectomy.Aims and objective; The current study aimed to compare the effect of using adrenaline plus tramadol and normal saline in maintaining hemostasis and control of pain in cold dissection tonsillectomy.   Materials and Methods: This prospective randomized study was conducted over a period of 10 months in department of otorhinolaryngology state medical college Srinagar. In the current study 46 patients planed for tonsillectomy were put into two groups. 23 patients in each group. In group A patients (study group 4ml of solution containing 1:200000 adrenaline and 2mg/kg tramadol was injected in peritonsillar space. In group B patients (control group 4ml of normal saline was injected in peritonsillar space.   Results: It was found that the time required to achieve heamostasis and post operative pain was less in group A patients in comparison to Group B patients. There was no significant side effect or complications when adrenaline and tramadol were used.   Conclusion:  Large randomized controlled studies are needed to compare tramadol plus adrenaline infiltration with other heamostatic and analgesics, but the current study indicated that Tramadol plus adrenaline infiltration could be an effective method  to reduce the post operative pain , operative time and time to achieve heamostasis in tonsillectomy surgeries. Therefore the use of Tramadol plus adrenaline infiltration should be further promoted and implemented as routine use in tonsillectomy surgeries.

  15. Tritium excretion after intravenous administration of tritium labelled adrenaline and noradrenaline and digital vascular reactivity to adrenaline and noradrenaline in normotensive and labile hypertensive subjects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Guia, D; Mendlowitz, M; Vlachakis, N D; Gitlow, S E; Nissenbaum, M

    1980-01-01

    1. The 24-h urinary excretion of tritium after tritiated adrenaline administration and digital vascular reactivity to exogenously administered adrenaline and noradrenaline were measured in ten normotensive and in twenty-eight labile essential hypertensive subjects. Tritiated noradrenaline excretion and apparent noradrenaline secretion rate were also measured in ten and eleven of these subjects, respectively. 2. Despite overlapping, the mean 24-h tritium excretion after 3H-adrenaline administration as well as reactivity to adrenaline were significantly greater in the hypertensive than in the normotensive subjects, whether or not they had increased responsiveness to noradrenaline. Significant correlation, however, was observed between tritium excretion of adrenaline and reactivity to adrenaline in both labile hypertensive and normotensive subjects. These measurements were also both significantly correlated with percentage variability in systolic and diastolic blood pressure in the labile hypertensive subjects. 3. No significant correlation was observed between adrenaline as against noradrenaline measurements, whether physiological or biochemical, in either hypertensive or normotensive subjects.

  16. Intrathecal Sufentanil with Adrenalin in Lower Abdominal Operations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Jahangiry

    1998-04-01

    Full Text Available Intrathecal injection of sufentanil with adrenalin was performed in 45 cases (20 female, 25 male; age range: 18-40 years. All injections were performed in the sitting position, with a number 20 intrathecal needle immersed in adrenalin. The cases were observed for 72 hours. Maximum duration of analgesia was 12 hours (60% and the minimum was 3 hours (13.3%. This method reduces the need for repeated administration of intravenous or intramuscular narcotics, and unlike intrathecal morphine, dose not cause delayed respiratory depression

  17. Could Adrenaline Positive Help to Prevent Psychosomatic Illnesses ?

    CERN Document Server

    Cattani, M; Filho, J P O; Souza, N P C

    2009-01-01

    Although the existence of a cause and effect relationship between emotions and Psychosomatic Illnesses (manifestation of organic diseases produced by emotional problems) is an unquestionable fact, yet it remains to be explained the mechanism by which an emotion affects the cure or worsening of an illness. In this paper we will examine some articles written by doctors and psychologists which confirm the Prevention Effect (or even cure) of such illnesses, and hypothesize that this cause and effect relationship is mediated by a substance, D (+) - adrenaline, which is one of the enantiomers [1] of the adrenaline molecule.

  18. Contribution of skeletal muscle and adipose tissue to adrenaline-induced thermogenesis in man

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, L; Stallknecht, B; Bülow, J

    1993-01-01

    Elevated plasma adrenaline is known to increase whole body energy expenditure. We studied the thermogenic effect and the effects on substrate utilization in man during infusion of adrenaline. Two series were performed: in one series skeletal muscle metabolism was investigated and in another series......% of the whole body adrenaline-induced thermogenesis....

  19. Use of adrenalin with lidocaine in hand surgery ,

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronaldo Antonio de Freitas Novais Junior

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Objective:Because of the received wisdom within our setting that claims that local anesthesia should not be used with adrenalin in hand surgery; we conducted a study using lidocaine with adrenalin, to demonstrate its safety, utility and efficacy.Methods:We conducted a prospective study in which, in wrist, hand and finger surgery performed from July 2012 onwards, we used local anesthesia comprising a 1% lidocaine solution with adrenalin at 1:100,000. We evaluated the quantity of bleeding, systemic alterations, signs of arterial deficit and complications, among other parameters. We described the infiltration techniques for specific procedures individually.Results:We operated on 41 patients and chose to describe separately the raising of a lateral microsurgical flap on the arm, which was done without excessive bleeding and within the usual length of time. In only three cases was there excessive bleeding or use of bipolar tweezers. No systemic alterations were observed by the anesthesiologists or any complications relating to ischemia and necrosis in the wounds or in the fingers, and use of tourniquets was not necessary in any case.Conclusions:Use of lidocaine with adrenalin in hand surgery was shown to be a safe local anesthetic technique, without complications relating to necrosis. It provided efficient exsanguination of the surgical field and made it possible to perform the surgical procedures without using a pneumatic tourniquet, thereby avoiding its risks and benefiting the patient through lower sedation.

  20. Dosis Aman Adrenalin dalam Larutan Anestesi Lokal untuk Penderita Hipertensi

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    Untary Untary

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The treatment of patients with hypertension is increasingly common. Hypertensives are a problem because they exhibit a great lability of a blood pressure. The anticipation of dental treatment causes an initial elevation of the blood pressure which may be heightened by the stimulus of an injection or dental treatment. However, probably the underlying causes is endogenous adrenaline. Adrenaline is the most potent and efficient of vasoconstricting drug used in dental anesthetic solution. Lidocaine causes vasodilation, without adrenaline lidocaine is rapidly absorbed from the administration site. Vasoconstrictors are important additions to local anesthetic solutions. They improve the quality of pain control and its duration while decreasing the potential toxicity of the local anesthetic. Observation of dental clinic patients at Loma Linda University confirm the fact that the blood pressure is not elevated by the small amount of vasocontrictor (1:100,000 contained in the most commonly employed dental anesthetic solution. All of the adrenergic amines can produce potentially dangerous cardiovascular effect and elicit disturbing subjactive response when high blood concentration are obtrained. For these reasons Felypressin a nonsymphatomimetic amine alternative for vasoconstriction has been used. An aspirating syringe should be used to avoid the risk of intra vascular injection when administering a local anesthetic solution and it is considered advisable to avoid adrenaline if the hypertension is not controlled.

  1. The effect of caffeine on glucose kinetics in humans - influence of adrenaline

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Battram, Danielle S.; Graham, Terry E.; Richter, Erik A.;

    2005-01-01

    While caffeine impedes insulin-mediated glucose disposal in humans, its effect on endo-genous glucose production (EGP) remains unknown. In addition, the mechanism involved in these effects is unclear, but may be due to the accompanying increase in adrenaline concentration. We studied the effect...... of caffeine on EGP and glucose infusion rates (GIR), and whether or not adrenaline can account for all of caffeine's effects. Subjects completed three isoglycaemic-hyperinsulinaemic clamps (with 3-[3H]glucose infusion) 30 min after ingesting: (1) placebo capsules (n= 12); (2) caffeine capsules (5 mg kg-1) (n......= 12); and either (3) placebo plus a high-dose adrenaline infusion (HAdr; adrenaline concentration, 1.2 nM; n= 8) or (4) placebo plus a low-dose adrenaline infusion (LAdr; adrenaline concentration, 0.75 nM; n= 6). With caffeine, adrenaline increased to 0.6 nM but no effect on EGP was observed. While...

  2. Desensitization of human adipose tissue to adrenaline stimulation studied by microdialysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stallknecht, B; Bülow, J; Frandsen, E;

    1997-01-01

    during intravenous adrenaline infusion for three 35 min periods with 30 min breaks in between. Local blood flow, interstitial adrenaline and arterial glycerol concentrations were also measured. Adrenaline was infused to result in either a high, a low and a high arterial concentration (5.8, 3.1 and 5.6 n......M, respectively) or a low, a high and a low concentration (2.5, 4.6 and 2.6 nM, respectively) in order to examine both desensitization and the dose dependency of adipose tissue lipolysis to adrenaline. 3. Adipose tissue lipolysis was calculated and was found to vary directly with arterial adrenaline concentration....... However, lipolytic responses to adrenaline decreased markedly during repeated stimulation at a given concentration. Further, arterial glycerol and free fatty acid concentrations varied directly with arterial adrenaline concentrations and showed reduced responses upon repeated exposure. 4. The increase...

  3. Thermogenic response to adrenaline during restricted blood flow in the forearm

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, L; Stefl, B; Christensen, N J;

    1999-01-01

    To elucidate the underlying mechanism behind the thermogenic effect of adrenaline in human skeletal muscle, nine healthy subjects were studied during intravenous infusion of adrenaline. Restriction of blood flow to one forearm was obtained by external compression of the brachial artery, to separate...... a direct metabolic effect of adrenaline from an effect dependent on increased blood flow. The other arm served as the control arm. In the control arm, the forearm blood flow increased 4.7-fold (from 2.0 +/- 0.3 to 9.3 +/- 1.5 mL 100 g(-1) min(-1), P adrenaline infusion. Adrenaline...... not increase (baseline period: 5.6 +/- 2.3 micromol 100 g(-1) min(-1), adrenaline period: 6.1 +/- 2.1 micromol 100 g(-1) min(-1), P = 0.54). The experimental design and the difficulties in interpretation of the result are discussed. The results give evidence for the hypothesis that the vascular system plays...

  4. Spectral and Electrochemical Investigation of Intercalations of Adrenaline and CT-DNA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑赛晶; 林祥钦

    2003-01-01

    A strong interaction between double stranded calf-thymus DNA (ds-DNA) and adrenaline in solution, but no interaction between single stranded calf-thymus DNA (ss-DNA) and adrenaline was observed by the use of UV-visible spectroscopy and voltammetric techniques. It is suggested that the interaction leads to an intercalation of adrenaline molecules into the groove of ds-DNA and the formation of ds-DNA (adrenallne)n complex. The binding site size of the interaction of adrenaline with CT-DNA in nucleotide phosphate [ NP] has been determined as 25. The interaction of different concentration adrenaline with DNA modified GCE shows that the DNA modified GCE can be a good tool to detect lower concentration adrenaline.

  5. The role of adrenaline as a modulator of cardiac performance in two Antarctic fishes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skov, Peter Vilhelm; Bushnell, Peter G.; Tirsgaard, Bjørn;

    2009-01-01

    Abstract: The present work was performed to test the hypothesis that Antarctic teleosts rely mostly on cholinergic inhibition for autonomic modulation of the heart. The effects of adrenaline on the inotropic properties on paced, isometrically contracting muscle strips were examined in two distinct...... to which ventricular tissues responded to adrenaline varied between species, adrenergic stimulation significantly increases myocyte contraction force in this group of fishes. Contraction and relaxation times were not significantly affected by adrenaline concentration while absolute rates of contraction...

  6. An in vitro study of adrenaline effect on human erythrocyte properties in both gender

    OpenAIRE

    Hilário, Sandra; Saldanha, Carlota; Martins e Silva, J.

    2003-01-01

    © 2003 – IOS Press. All rights reserved The possibility that erythrocytes may function as a reservoir for noradrenaline and adrenaline and as a modulator of circulating catecholamine concentrations had been suggested. The aim of this work was to study the adrenaline effect on erythrocyte membrane fluidity, acetylcholinesterase (AChE) enzyme activity, P50 and erythrocyte deformability and also to verify if the role of adrenaline on erythrocyte properties is sex-dependent. Blood sample...

  7. Randomised controlled trial evaluating effects of morphine on plasma adrenaline/noradrenaline concentrations in newborns

    OpenAIRE

    Simons, S.; Van Dijk, M.; Lingen, R.A. van; ROOFTHOOFT, D; Boomsma, F; van den Anker, J. N.; Tibboel, D.

    2005-01-01

    Objectives: To determine the effects of continuous morphine infusion in ventilated newborns on plasma concentrations of adrenaline (epinephrine) and noradrenaline (norepinephrine) and their relation to clinical outcome.

  8. Interaction between lidocaine hydrochloride (with and without adrenaline and various irrigants: A nuclear magnetic resonance analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nirmal Vidhya

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Interaction between local anesthetic solution, lidocaine hydrochloride (with and without adrenaline, and root canal irrigants such as sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl, ethylene diamine tetra-acetic acid (EDTA, and chlorhexidine (CHX has not been studied earlier. Hence, the purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the chemical interaction between 2% lidocaine hydrochloride (with and without adrenaline and commonly used root canal irrigants, NaOCl, EDTA, and CHX. Materials and Methods: Samples were divided into eight experimental groups: Group I-Lidocaine hydrochloride (with adrenaline/3% NaOCl, Group II-Lidocaine hydrochloride (with adrenaline/17% EDTA, Group III- Lidocaine hydrochloride (with adrenaline/2% CHX, Group IV-Lidocaine hydrochloride (without adrenaline/3% NaOCl, Group V-Lidocaine hydrochloride (without adrenaline/17% EDTA, Group VI-Lidocaine hydrochloride (without adrenaline/2% CHX, and two control groups: Group VII-Lidocaine hydrochloride (with adrenaline/deionized water and Group VIII-Lidocaine hydrochloride (without adrenaline/deionized water. The respective solutions of various groups were mixed in equal proportions (1 ml each and observed for precipitate formation. Chemical composition of the formed precipitate was then analysed by nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy (NMR and confirmed with diazotation test. Results: In groups I and IV, a white precipitate was observed in all the samples on mixing the respective solutions, which showed a color change to reddish brown after 15 minutes. This precipitate was then analysed by NMR spectroscopy and was observed to be 2,6-xylidine, a reported toxic compound. The experimental groups II, III, V, and VI and control groups VII and VIII showed no precipitate formation in any of the respective samples, until 2 hours. Conclusion: Interaction between lidocaine hydrochloride (with and without adrenaline and NaOCl showed precipitate formation containing 2,6-xylidine, a toxic

  9. Effect of sex on the cardiovascular response to adrenaline in humans.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schouwenberg, B.J.J.W.; Rietjens, S.J.; Smits, P.; Galan, B.E. de

    2006-01-01

    Cardiovascular responsiveness to stress conditions differs between men and women. It is not known to what extent this observation is explained by differences in the release of stress hormones like adrenaline, or by differences in the response to adrenaline. Therefore, we quantified the hemodynamic r

  10. Adrenaline-induced immunological changes are altered in patients with rheumatoid arthritis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kittner, JM; Jacobs, R; Pawlak, CR; Heijnen, CJ; Schedlowski, M; Schmidt, RE

    2002-01-01

    Objective. To investigate whether in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients the immunological changes induced by adrenaline are different from healthy controls (HC). Methods. Fifteen female RA patients and 14 HC were infused with 1 mug/kg adrenaline over 20 min. Blood was drawn before, immediately after

  11. CO-RELEASED ADRENALINE MARKEDLY FACILITATES NORADRENALINE OVERFLOW THROUGH PREJUNCTIONAL BETA(2)-ADRENOCEPTORS DURING SWIMMING EXERCISE

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    COPPES, RP; SMIT, J; BENTHEM, L; VANDERLEEST, J; ZAAGSMA, J

    1995-01-01

    The effect of intravenously applied (-)adrenaline, taken up by and released from sympathetic nerves, on swimming exercise-induced noradrenaline overflow in permanently cannulated adrenal demedullated rats was studied. Adrenaline (100 ng/min) was infused for 2 h, during which a plasma concentration o

  12. Myocardial protection induced by fentanyl in pigs exposed to high-dose adrenaline.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Luz, Vinicius Fernando; Otsuki, Denise Aya; Gonzalez, Maria Margarita Castro; Negri, Elnara Marcia; Caldini, Elia Garcia; Damaceno-Rodrigues, Nilsa Regina; Malbouisson, Luiz Marcelo Sá; Viana, Bruno Gonçalves; Vane, Matheus Fachini; Carmona, Maria Jose Carvalho

    2015-10-01

    The use of high doses of adrenaline is common in critical patients, especially during cardiac arrest. During these situations, myocardial dysfunction can be a result of multiple factors, including adrenaline use. In addition, opioids have been shown to have anti-arrhythmic and anti-ischemic mechanisms that may confer cardiac protection. This study aimed to evaluate the effects of fentanyl on myocardial function in pigs exposed to high-dose adrenaline. After institutional ethics committee approval, 26 pigs were randomly allocated to receive either 20 μg/kg fentanyl (n = 10; fentanyl group) administered 5 min before five doses of adrenaline (20 μg/kg), equivalent-volume saline (n = 10; saline group) using the same adrenaline dosing protocol, or neither fentanyl nor adrenaline (n = 6; sham group). The fentanyl group showed lower levels of troponin at the end of the sixth hour compared with the saline group (1.91 ± 1.47 vs 5.44 ± 5.35 ng/mL, P = 0.019). Transmission electron microscopy and immunohistochemistry also showed less myocardial injury in the fentanyl group. The conclusion was reached that fentanyl attenuates myocardial injury caused by high-dose adrenaline without blunting the hemodynamic effect of adrenaline.

  13. Plasma adrenaline kinetics in type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetic patients with and without autonomic neuropathy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dejgaard, Anders; Hilsted, J; Henriksen, J H;

    1989-01-01

    Plasma adrenaline kinetics (clearance, extraction across the forearm, initial plasma disappearance rate, mean sojourn time, volume of distribution) were studied in sixteen Type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetic patients during constant i.v. infusion of tritium labelled adrenaline. In patients with (n...... = 8) and without (n = 8) neuropathy forearm venous plasma noradrenaline and adrenaline concentrations as well as plasma clearance of adrenaline based on arterial sampling (1.7 vs 2.1 l/min) were not significantly different. The initial disappearance time (T 1/2) after the infusion of the tritium...... labelled adrenaline had been stopped was significantly prolonged in Type 1 diabetic patients with neuropathy compared to those without (after 20 min infusion 2.7 vs 2.2 min, p less than 0.02, after 75 min infusion 3.7 vs 2.9 min, p less than 0.05). The corresponding values for the mean sojourn time...

  14. Effect of adrenaline on glucose kinetics during exercise in adrenalectomised humans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Howlett, K; Galbo, H; Lorentsen, J;

    1999-01-01

    1. The role of adrenaline in regulating hepatic glucose production and muscle glucose uptake during exercise was examined in six adrenaline-deficient, bilaterally adrenalectomised humans. Six sex- and age-matched healthy individuals served as controls (CON). 2. Adrenalectomised subjects cycled...... for 45 min at 68 +/- 1 % maximum pulmonary O2 uptake (VO2,max), followed by 15 min at 84 +/- 2 % VO2, max without (-ADR) or with (+ADR) adrenaline infusion, which elevated plasma adrenaline levels (45 min, 4.49 +/- 0.69 nmol l-1; 60 min, 12.41 +/- 1.80 nmol l-1; means +/- s.e.m.). Glucose kinetics were...... measured using [3-3H]glucose. 3. Euglycaemia was maintained during exercise in CON and -ADR, whilst in +ADR plasma glucose was elevated. The exercise-induced increase in hepatic glucose production was similar in +ADR and -ADR; however, adrenaline infusion augmented the rise in hepatic glucose production...

  15. Desensitization of human adipose tissue to adrenaline stimulation studied by microdialysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stallknecht, Bente; Bülow, J; Frandsen, E;

    1997-01-01

    1. Desensitization of fat cell lipolysis to catecholamine exposure has been studied extensively in vitro but only to a small extent in human adipose tissue in vivo. 2. We measured interstitial glycerol concentrations by microdialysis in subcutaneous, abdominal adipose tissue in healthy humans......M, respectively) or a low, a high and a low concentration (2.5, 4.6 and 2.6 nM, respectively) in order to examine both desensitization and the dose dependency of adipose tissue lipolysis to adrenaline. 3. Adipose tissue lipolysis was calculated and was found to vary directly with arterial adrenaline concentration...... in adipose tissue blood flow in response to adrenaline was also reduced by prior adrenaline exposure, but no consistent desensitization could be demonstrated for whole-body energy expenditure, blood pressure and heart rate. 5. In the basal state, arterial plasma and interstitial adrenaline concentrations did...

  16. Strong activation of vascular prejunctional beta 2-adrenoceptors in freely moving rats by adrenaline released as a co-transmitter

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    COPPES, RP; SMIT, J; KHALI, NN; Brouwer, F.; ZAAGSMA, J

    1993-01-01

    The effect of adrenaline on the electrically evoked noradrenaline overflow in the portal vein of adrenal demedullated freely moving rats was studied. Adrenaline (100 ng/min) was infused for 2 h into the portal vein. After a 1-h interval when plasma adrenaline had returned to pre-infusion undetectabl

  17. Media Composer Adrenaline HD非编系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Avid最新推出Media Composer AdrenalineTM HD 2.0系统,在Media Composer Adrenaline系统中,增加了强大的高清编辑支持。还可通过加装最新的Avid DNxcelTM HD板卡,获得丰富的高清处理支持,包括各种输入/输出接口及流行高清设备与摄像机格式及分辨率支持。Avid DNxcel板卡选件安装在Avid Adrenaline硬件的扩展槽中,支持Avid的母版质量、

  18. Avid推出Media Composer Adrenaline HD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    2004年12月9日,Avid技术有限公司宣布计划在本月末,全球同步推出Media Composer Adrenaline HD 20系统,行业领先的Media Cpmposer Adrenaline系统的最新版本。此次重大产品升级首次在Media Comppser Adrenaline系统中,增加了强大的高清编辑支持。另外,用户还可以通过加装最新的Avid DNxcel HD板卡,进一步扩展系统的功能,

  19. Acute reaction to erroneous injection of adrenaline to the patients with hyperthyroidism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Beuy Joob; Viroj Wiwanitkit

    2014-01-01

    Hyperthyroidism is an important endocrine disorder that can be seen around the world.In this disorder, the patient is usually hyperstimulate and palpitation.The effect of thyroid hormone is the explanation.A similar effect can be seen due to adrenaline reaction.In general, the use of adrenaline in the case with hyperthyroidism has to be carefully done.In the present case study, the authors present a case of acute reaction to erroneous injection of adrenaline to the patients with hyperthyroidism.

  20. A case of hypotension after intranasal adrenaline infiltration causing a clinical dilemma during the intraoperative period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shyam Bhandari

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Solutions containing adrenaline are widely used for presurgical infiltration. Haemodynamic changes associated with its use are well documented in the literature. Prolonged intraoperative hypotension after subcutaneous infiltration of diluted adrenaline is an uncommon scenario. We believe that our case of the prolonged episode of hypotension was secondary to infiltration of nasal septum with a high concentration of adrenaline. As β2 receptor activation leads to skeletal muscle vasodilation, a decrease in preload may have lead to profound hypotension. Postoperatively, the patient was examined and any autonomic or endocrinological pathology was ruled out.

  1. Attempt to separate the fluorescence spectra of adrenaline and noradrenaline using chemometrics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nikolajsen, Rikke P; Hansen, Åse Marie; Bro, R

    2000-01-01

    An investigation was conducted on whether the fluorescence spectra of the very similar catecholamines adrenaline and noradrenaline could be separated using chemometric methods. The fluorescence landscapes (several excitation and emission spectra were measured) of two data sets with respectively 16...... regression (Unfold-PLSR) on the larger data set and parallel factor analysis (PARAFAC) of the six samples of the smaller set showed that there was no difference between the fluorescence landscapes of adrenaline and noradrenaline. It can be concluded that chemometric separation of adrenaline and noradrenaline...

  2. Adrenaline activation of prejunctional beta-adrenoceptors in guinea-pig atria.

    OpenAIRE

    Majewski, H.; McCulloch, M. W.; Rand, M J; Story, D. F.

    1980-01-01

    1. Adrenaline in a concentration of 1.0 microM depressed the stimulation-induced efflux of tritium from the guinea-pig atria incubated with [3H]-noradrenaline, whereas adrenaline in a concentration of 0.5 nM significantly enhanced the stimulation-induced efflux of tritium. This enhancement was blocked by metoprolol (0.1 microM) and thus appears to be mediated by beta-adrenoceptors. 2. In guinea-pig atria incubated with unlabelled adrenaline and then with [3H]-noradrenaline, both catecholamine...

  3. Vascular and metabolic effects of adrenaline in adipose tissue in type 2 diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tobin, L; Simonsen, L; Galbo, H;

    2012-01-01

    Objective:The aim was to investigate adipose tissue vascular and metabolic effects of an adrenaline infusion in vivo in subjects with and without type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).Design:Clinical intervention study with 1-h intravenous adrenaline infusion.Subjects:Eight male overweight T2DM subjects...... and eight male weight-matched, non-T2DM subjects were studied before, during and after an 1-h intravenous adrenaline infusion. Adipose tissue blood flow (ATBF) was determined by Xenon wash-out technique, and microvascular volume in the adipose tissue was studied by contrast-enhanced ultrasound imaging....... Adipose tissue fluxes of glycerol, non-esterified fatty acids (NEFA), triacylglycerol and glucose were measured by Fick's principle after catherisation of a radial artery and a vein draining the abdominal, subcutaneous adipose tissue.Results:ATBF increased similarly in both groups during the adrenaline...

  4. Adrenaline-induced colonic K+ secretion is mediated by KCa1.1 (BK) channels

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Mads Vaarby; Sausbier, Matthias; Ruth, Peter;

    2010-01-01

    secretory K(+) channel in the apical membrane of the murine distal colon. The BK channel is responsible for both resting and Ca(2+)-activated colonic K(+) secretion and is up-regulated by aldosterone. Agonists (e.g. adrenaline) that elevate cAMP are potent activators of distal colonic K(+) secretion....... However, the secretory K(+) channel responsible for cAMP-induced K(+) secretion remains to be defined. In this study we used the Ussing chamber to identify adrenaline-induced electrogenic K(+) secretion. We found that the adrenaline-induced electrogenic ion secretion is a compound effect dominated...... by anion secretion and a smaller electrically opposing K(+) secretion. Using tissue from (i) BK wildtype (BK(+/+)) and knockout (BK(/)) and (ii) cystic fibrosis transmembrane regulator (CFTR) wildtype (CFTR(+/+)) and knockout (CFTR(/)) mice we were able to isolate the adrenaline-induced K(+) secretion. We...

  5. Plasma adrenaline kinetics in type 1 (insulin-dependent) diabetic patients with and without autonomic neuropathy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dejgaard, A; Hilsted, J; Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl;

    1989-01-01

    labelled adrenaline had been stopped was significantly prolonged in Type 1 diabetic patients with neuropathy compared to those without (after 20 min infusion 2.7 vs 2.2 min, p less than 0.02, after 75 min infusion 3.7 vs 2.9 min, p less than 0.05). The corresponding values for the mean sojourn time...... volume in Type 1 diabetic patients with neuropathy as compared to patients without neuropathy (estimated space of distribution 29 vs 20 l). Our results suggest that patients with diabetic neuropathy do not adjust the plasma adrenaline concentration to changes in adrenaline infusion rate as rapidly...... as those without neuropathy, i.e. the effect of an elevated adrenaline secretion rate may be prolonged in patients with diabetic autonomic neuropathy....

  6. The role of adrenaline as a modulator of cardiac performance in three Notothenioid fishes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skov, Peter Vilhelm; Bushnell, P.; Tirsgaard, Bjørn;

    2008-01-01

    -fold difference in force of contraction at the lowest pacing frequency and tonic adrenaline level between species. Increasing adrenaline enhanced peak tension for all ventricular tissues, yet the response was highly species specific, increasing force of contraction two to four-fold. Only in one species did......The present work was performed to test the hypothesis that Antarctic teleosts rely mostly on cholinergic inhibition to modulate cardiac performance. Isometric muscle preparations were used to examine the inotropic and chronotropic properties of the ventricle and atrium in three Antarctic teleosts....... The importance of adrenaline as a neurotransmitter was evaluated through a series of dose-response experiments in conjunction with increasing pacing frequencies, to establish whether adrenaline modulated force of contraction and the maximum frequency with which tissues could contract. Only in Chaenocephalus...

  7. Impact of Adrenaline or Cortisol Injection on Meat Quality Development of Merino Hoggets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dario G. Pighin; Sebastian A. Cunzolo; Maria Zimerman; Adriana A. Pazos; Ernesto Domingo; Anibal J. Pordomingo; Gabriela Grigioni

    2013-01-01

    Increased levels of stress hormones in the muscle could lead to post mortem metabolic/structural modiifcations that could be relfected on meat quality. The present study investigated the metabolic effect of either adrenaline or cortisol injected into lambs in order to obtain an animal model of acute stress. Results showed that adrenaline or cortisol injection lead to glucose metabolism and muscle temperature increase. Muscle pH immediately post mortem was affected by adrenaline treatment. Water holding capacity (WHC) of fresh muscle, ifnal muscle pH and temperature registered at 24 h post mortem were not affected by injected hormones. Hardness and adhesiveness of LD muscle evaluated 3 d post mortem tended to increase as a result of adrenaline or cortisol injection. Results demonstrated that injected hormones were able to affect the post mortem muscle biochemistry and the pH/T curve independently of ifnal muscle pH.

  8. Myocardial ischaemia following cocaine and adrenaline exposure in a child during an ophthalmological procedure.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    McGovern, E

    2015-03-01

    We report a 23-month old girl who presented with bilateral epiphora who underwent bilateral lacrimal probing and syringing, during which a cocaine adrenaline solution was used. Two hours after the procedure she developed acute pulmonary oedema secondary to myocardial ischaemia. The patient was treated with intravenous glyceryltrinitrate and milrinone infusions; cardiac enzymes and left ventricular function normalised over the subsequent 72 hours. Topical administration of cocaine and adrenaline solution may have dangerous systemic cardiac effects and should always be used judiciously.

  9. Plasma concentrations and pharmacokinetics of bupivacaine with and without adrenaline following caudal anaesthesia in infants

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Tom Giedsing; Morton, N S; Cullen, P M;

    2001-01-01

    The aim of this study was to determine whether the use of adrenaline 1/400000 added to 0.25% bupivacaine significantly delays the systemic absorption of the drug from the caudal epidural space in young infants.......The aim of this study was to determine whether the use of adrenaline 1/400000 added to 0.25% bupivacaine significantly delays the systemic absorption of the drug from the caudal epidural space in young infants....

  10. Interaction between lidocaine hydrochloride (with and without adrenaline) and various irrigants: A nuclear magnetic resonance analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Nirmal Vidhya; Balasubramanian Saravana Karthikeyan; Natanasabapathy Velmurugan; Mohan Abarajithan; Sivasankaran Nithyanandan

    2014-01-01

    Background: Interaction between local anesthetic solution, lidocaine hydrochloride (with and without adrenaline), and root canal irrigants such as sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl), ethylene diamine tetra-acetic acid (EDTA), and chlorhexidine (CHX) has not been studied earlier. Hence, the purpose of this in vitro study was to evaluate the chemical interaction between 2% lidocaine hydrochloride (with and without adrenaline) and commonly used root canal irrigants, NaOCl, EDTA, and CHX. Materials...

  11. Morphological aspects of chromaffin tissue: the differential fixation of adrenaline and noradrenaline.

    OpenAIRE

    Kobayashi, S; Coupland, R. E.

    1993-01-01

    The morphological aspects of chromaffin tissue are reviewed, based mainly on our studies on the mouse adrenal gland. Particular attention was focused on the differential fixation of adrenaline and noradrenaline, and on the uptake and storage of [3H]dopa, [3H]dopamine and related substances in the adrenaline-storing (A) and noradrenaline-storing (NA) cells. Scanning electron microscopy combined with the NaOH-maceration method was useful for demonstrating the 3-dimensional organisation of nerve...

  12. INTRACAVERNOSAL USE OF ADRENALIN TO INTERRUPT ANAESTHETIC PENILE ERECTION DURING TRANSURETHRAL SURGERY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nirupma Bansal

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES Intraoperative penile erection is uncommon, but troublesome problem associated with anaesthesia in patients undergoing transurethral surgery. Many methods and drugs have been used in past to solve this problem. Our objective was to find the incidence of intraoperative penile erection and to study the use of intracavernosal injection of adrenalin to solve this problem. Adrenalin is a strong sympathomimetic and an essentially present drug in the operation theatre besides being cheaper. MATERIAL AND METHODS We studied patients who underwent transurethral procedures from March 2007 to March 2009 at Nepalgunj Medical College and Teaching Hospital, Kohalpur, Nepal. During this period, three patients developed penile erection following anaesthesia. Out of those three patients, use of intracavernosal adrenalin was studied in two patients in whom masterly inactivity did not resolve the problem. RESULT In one of the patients, detumescence occurred with masterly inactivity and two patients were administered 5µg intracavernosal adrenalin. Detumescence occurred within two minutes without any cardiovascular side effects and procedures could be completed without any complication. CONCLUSION Using intracavernosal adrenalin is safe and effective in treating intraoperative penile erection

  13. On the mechanism of the relaxing adrenaline effect on cat jejunum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petkov, V; Radomirov, R

    1975-01-01

    The effect of propranolol, phentolamine, papaverine, theophyline and Ca++, administered in different combinations of their threshold doses, on the relaxing effect of adrenaline was studied on an isolated segment of proximal jejunum of male cats. It was established that phentolamine weakened the relaxing effect of adrenaline, while propranolol had no effect on it. Papaverine potentiated the relaxinf effects of adrenaline both when administered alone and in combination with propranolol or with phentolamine. Theophylline weakened the relaxing effect of adfrenaline and of the combination phentolamine-adrenaline. Ca++ increased the smooth-muscle tone. The interpretation of the results obtained leads to the fundamental conclusions that the relaxing effect of adrenaline on cat jejunum is more alpha- than beta-adrenergically determined and that the system of the cyclic AMP participates in its realization. At the smae time, however, the possibility of participation of other mechanisms is not excluded. The smooth-muscle effect of papaverine and theophylline is not determined only by their inhibitory effect on phosphodiesterase.

  14. High Circulating Adrenaline Levels at Admission Predict Increased Mortality After Trauma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansson, Pär Ingemar; Stensballe, Jakob; Rasmussen, Lars Simon;

    2012-01-01

    partial thromboplastin time, international normalized ratio, hematology, biochemistry, circulating adrenaline and noradrenaline, 11 biomarkers of tissue and endothelial damage, glycocalyx degradation, natural anticoagulation and fibrinolysis (histone-complexed DNA fragments, high-mobility group box 1......:: The adrenaline level was increased in nonsurvivors (p = 0.026), it was independently associated with increased activated partial thromboplastin time (p = 0.034) and syndecan-1 (p = 0.007), a marker of glycocalyx degradation, and it correlated with biomarkers of tissue and endothelial damage (histone......-complexed DNA, high-mobility group box 1, soluble thrombomodulin) and hyperfibrinolysis (tissue-type plasminogen activator, d-dimer). Furthermore, nonsurvivors had higher syndecan-1, tissue factor pathway inhibitor, and d-dimer levels (all p adrenaline was independently associated with 30...

  15. Calorigenic effect of adrenaline in rats under conditions of restricted motor activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomaszewska, L.; Kaciuba-Uscilko, H.; Kozlowski, S.

    1980-01-01

    In previous studies, it was demonstrated that long term restricted motor activity in rats induces a decrease in body weight, an increase in release of adrenaline, and a decrease in the release of noradrenaline with the urine, as well as a reduction in activity of the thymus gland and level of thyroxin in the blood. At the same time, a decrease was found in the internal body temperature that was accompanied by an increase in the rate of metabolism in the state of rest. An investigation is presented which attempts to clarify whether the calorigenic effect of adrenaline under conditions of increased metabolism in the period of immobility is exposed to changes.

  16. Contribution of skeletal muscle and adipose tissue to adrenaline-induced thermogenesis in man

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, L; Stallknecht, Bente; Bülow, J

    1993-01-01

    Elevated plasma adrenaline is known to increase whole body energy expenditure. We studied the thermogenic effect and the effects on substrate utilization in man during infusion of adrenaline. Two series were performed: in one series skeletal muscle metabolism was investigated and in another series...... subcutaneous adipose tissue metabolism was investigated. In both series Fick's principle was applied. Intravenous infusion increased blood flow, glucose uptake and oxygen uptake in both skeletal muscle and adipose tissue. It is concluded that skeletal muscle contributes about 40% and adipose tissue about 5...

  17. [Effect of adrenaline on the proliferation of the tunica media smooth muscle cells of rat aorta in culture].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blaes, N; Bourdillon, M C; Crouzet, B; Suplisson, A; Boissel, J P

    1980-03-24

    The proliferation of Rat medial aortic smooth muscle cells in secondary cultures is increased with adrenalin. The maximal effect is obtained after 3 days and the increase is dose-dependent. Thus adrenalin might be one of the factors responsible for the proliferation of smooth muscle cells that could play a key role in the formation of the atherosclerotic plaque in vivo.

  18. Effect of burst swimming and adrenaline infusion on O2 consumption and CO2 excretion in rainbow trout, Salmo gairdneri

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steffensen, J F; Tufts, B L; Randall, D J

    1987-01-01

    control values. 2. Infusion of adrenaline into resting fish had no significant effect on oxygen consumption or carbon dioxide excretion and therefore there was no significant change in the respiratory exchange ratio. 3. This infusion of adrenaline caused a significant elevation in the red blood cell p...

  19. The relationship between some beta-adrenergic mediated responses and plasma concentrations of adrenaline and cyclic AMP in man

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Philipsen, E K; Myhre, John Gabriel; Larsen, S;

    1990-01-01

    concentrations at low adrenaline infusion rates was prevented, whereas a small increase in cyclic AMP was found at high adrenaline infusion rates, probably owing to incomplete beta-receptor blockade. Likewise, the adrenaline-induced increments in blood substrates (glucose, lactate, glycerol and beta......To test the hypothesis that increments in plasma cyclic AMP during beta-adrenergic stimulation reflect integrated second messenger function of the tissues activated by the agonist, graded adrenaline infusion resulting in plasma adrenaline concentrations within the physiological range was performed...... hydroxybutyric acid) were significantly reduced but not completely prevented by beta-blockade. We conclude that an altered relationship between beta-agonist concentrations and plasma cyclic AMP may provide evidence for the existence of differences in beta-adrenergic sensitivity in man....

  20. Effects of local alpha2-adrenergic receptor blockade on adipose tissue lipolysis during prolonged systemic adrenaline infusion in normal man

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Lene; Enevoldsen, Lotte H; Stallknecht, Bente;

    2008-01-01

    During prolonged adrenaline infusion, lipolysis peaks within 30 min and thereafter tends to decline, and we hypothesized that the stimulation of local adipose tissue alpha2-adrenergic receptors accounts for this decline. The lipolytic effect of a prolonged intravenous adrenaline infusion combined....... Regional adipose tissue blood flow was measured by the (133)Xe clearance technique. Regional glycerol output (lipolytic rate) was calculated from these measurements and simultaneous measurements of arterial glycerol concentrations. Adrenaline infusion increased lipolysis in all three depots (data...... circulating adrenaline concentrations, and the decrease in lipolysis in subcutaneous adipose tissue under prolonged adrenaline stimulation is thus not attributed to alpha2-adrenergic receptor inhibition of lipolysis. However, in the preperitoneal adipose tissue depot, alpha2-adrenergic receptor tone plays...

  1. Sustained prejunctional facilitation of noradrenergic neurotransmission by adrenaline as a co-transmitter in the portal vein of freely moving rats.

    OpenAIRE

    Coppes, R. P.; Brouwer, F.; Freie, I; Smit, J.; Zaagsma, J.

    1994-01-01

    1. The duration of the facilitatory effect of adrenaline on the electrically evoked overflow of noradrenaline was studied in the portal vein of permanently adreno-demedullated freely moving rats. 2. Rats were infused with adrenaline (20 or 100 ng min-1) for 2 h. After an interval of 1 h, when plasma adrenaline had returned to undetectable levels, electrical stimulation resulted in an enhanced catecholamine overflow amounting to 219% (noradrenaline) and 241% (noradrenaline plus adrenaline) of ...

  2. Addition of hyaluronidase to lignocaine with adrenaline for retrobulbar anaesthesia in the surgery of senile cataract.

    OpenAIRE

    Thomson, I.

    1988-01-01

    A double-blind trial demonstrates the effectiveness of adding hyaluronidase to lignocaine with adrenaline in producing ocular akinesia and anaesthesia in retrobulbar nerve blocks. 92% of the blocks in which hyaluronidase was used for intracapsular cataract surgery were judged successful compared with 56% of those without added hyaluronidase (p less than 0.01).

  3. Caffeine's impairment of insulin-mediated glucose disposal cannot be solely attributed to adrenaline in humans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Battram, D S; Graham, T E; Dela, F

    2007-01-01

    Caffeine (CAF) impedes insulin-mediated glucose disposal (IMGD) and increases plasma adrenaline concentrations ([ADR]; 0.6 nm). While the antagonism of ADR abolishes the CAF effect, infusion of ADR (0.75 nm) has no effect on IMGD. We have now examined CAF and ADR in concert to determine whether...

  4. TREATMENT OF PRIAPISM BY INJECTION OF ADRENALINE INTO THE CORPORA CAVERNOSA PENIS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    VANDRIEL, MF; MOOIBROEK, JJ; MENSINK, HJA

    1991-01-01

    Intracavernous papaverine injection has gained widespread acceptance in the treatment of erectile impotence. The opposite problem-priapism -can be treated with the same technique using a vasoconstrictive drug such as adrenaline. We report on eight patients successfully treated for priapism by intrac

  5. Bijnier en bloedbeeld : een experimenteel onderzoek over de invloed van adrenaline op het witte bloedbeeld

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Siderius, Poppe

    1950-01-01

    In dit proefschrift worden de resultaten beschreven van een onderzoek, waarbij werd nagegaan op welke wijze de bloedbeeldveranderingen die na adrenaline ontstaan, tot stand komen. Hierbij is speciaal aandacht geschonken aan de betekenis van de bijnier en de milt. Het onderzoek werd geheel verricht m

  6. Whole body and regional clearances of noradrenaline and adrenaline in man

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, N J; Galbo, H; Gjerris, A;

    1984-01-01

    we found no correlation between clearance values based on venous and arterial sampling. In other experiments we measured the influence of physical exercise in young healthy subjects on the clearance rate of plasma adrenaline (A). The clearance of A, which at rest averaged 1.9 l/min tended to increase...

  7. Noradrenaline and adrenaline concentrations in various vascular beds in patients with cirrhosis. Relation to haemodynamics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl; Christensen, N J; Ring-Larsen, H

    1981-01-01

    Plasma noradrenaline (NA) and adrenaline (A) concentrations were related to various haemodynamic parameters in fifteen patients with cirrhosis. In supine position at rest plasma NA and A in peripheral venous blood were significantly higher in patients with cirrhosis than in normal subjects. Mean...

  8. Comparison of local infiltration of adrenalized lidocaine with adrenaline alone in operative field bleeding in Rhinoplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitra Yari

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: In many head and neck surgeries, operative field bleeding plays an important role in the success of surgery and reducing the time of operation. The current study was conducted to compare local infiltration of adrenalized lidocaine with adrenaline alone in operative field bleeding in Rhinoplasty. Methods: In this randomized clinical trial, 56 candidate patients aged15-45 years for Rhinoplasty with ASA class I and II were randomly divided into two groups of lidocaine and control. Group 1 was administered lidocaine 2% with adrenaline and group 2 was administered normal saline with adrenaline , Operative field bleeding was then recorded and compared between groups. Results: There was not a significant difference between groups in preoperative systolic BP and diastolic BP, postoperative (15 min systolic BP and diastolic BP , preoperative heart rate and postoperative (15 minheart rate , operative field bleeding and bleeding scale. Conclusion: the effect of lidocaine 2% in operative field bleeding is the same as that of normal saline. Hence, adrenaline along with normal saline can be used in Rhinoplasty.

  9. Influence of X-ray irradiation on metabolic effects of adrenaline

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Effects of X-ray irradiation in the whole-body dose of 650 R on changes in glycogen levels in liver, and in either diaphragm and skeletal muscles, and on blood glucose levels, induced in 10 min by adrenaline, were investigated in starved mice. One day after the exposure, the drops in liver glycogen levels due to starvation were found to be highly reduced by previous irradiation. This resulted in an over dozen-fold relative elevation of liver glycogen content in relation to starved not irradiated mice. The post-irradiation accumulation of liver glycogen was found to disappear after administration of adrenaline. Also in diaphragm and skeletal muscles, the changes in muscle glycogen content, induced by irradiation of starved mice, have turned out to be abolished or even reversed by adrenaline, what reflected in reduction of elevated levels and elevation of those reduced. In starved mice during first three days following irradition, adrenaline was found to be ineffective in increasing blood sugar levels, whereas this its effects was noted in either not irradiated mice or on the fourth day after irradiation. (author)

  10. Contribution of liver nerves, glucagon, and adrenaline to the glycaemic response to exercise in rats

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dijk, G. van; Balkan, B.; Lindfeldt, J.; Bouws, G.; Scheurink, A.J.W.; Ahrén, B.; Steffens, A.B.

    1994-01-01

    The contribution of hepatic sympathetic innervation, glucagon and adrenaline to the glycaemic response to exercise was investigated in rats. Hepatically denervated (LDX) or sham operated (SHAM) rats with permanent catheters were therefore submitted to swimming with or without infusion of somatostati

  11. CONTRIBUTION OF LIVER NERVES, GLUCAGON, AND ADRENALINE TO THE GLYCEMIC RESPONSE TO EXERCISE IN RATS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    VANDIJK, G; BALKAN, B; LINDFELDT, J; BOUWS, G; SCHEURINK, AJW; AHREN, B; STEFFENS, AB

    1994-01-01

    The contribution of hepatic sympathetic innervation, glucagon and adrenaline to the glycaemic response to exercise was investigated in rats. Hepatically denervated (LDX) or sham operated (SHAM) rats with permanent catheters were therefore submitted to swimming with or without infusion of somatostati

  12. A computational and spectroscopic study of the gas-phase conformers of adrenaline

    Science.gov (United States)

    Çarçabal, P.; Snoek, L. C.; van Mourik, T.

    The conformational landscapes of the neurotransmitter l-adrenaline (l-epinephrine) and its diastereoisomer pseudo-adrenaline, isolated in the gas phase and un-protonated, have been investigated by using a combination of mass-selected ultraviolet and infrared holeburn spectroscopy, following laser desorption of the sample into a pulsed supersonic argon jet, and DFT and ab initio computation (at the B3LYP/6-31+G*, MP2/6-31+G* and MP2/aug-cc-pVDZ levels of theory). Both for adrenaline and its diastereoisomer, pseudo-adrenaline, one dominant molecular conformation, very similar to the one seen in noradrenaline, has been observed. It could be assigned to an extended side-chain structure (AG1a) stabilized by an OH → N intramolecular hydrogen bond. An intramolecular hydrogen bond is also formed between the neighbouring hydroxyl groups on the catechol ring. The presence of further conformers for both diastereoisomers could not be excluded, but overlapping electronic spectra and low ion signals prevented further assignments.

  13. Patients’ ability to treat anaphylaxis using adrenaline autoinjectors: a randomized controlled trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umasunthar, T; Procktor, A; Hodes, M; Smith, J G; Gore, C; Cox, H E; Marrs, T; Hanna, H; Phillips, K; Pinto, C; Turner, P J; Warner, J O; Boyle, R J

    2015-01-01

    Background Previous work has shown patients commonly misuse adrenaline autoinjectors (AAI). It is unclear whether this is due to inadequate training, or poor device design. We undertook a prospective randomized controlled trial to evaluate ability to administer adrenaline using different AAI devices. Methods We allocated mothers of food-allergic children prescribed an AAI for the first time to Anapen or EpiPen using a computer-generated randomization list, with optimal training according to manufacturer's instructions. After one year, participants were randomly allocated a new device (EpiPen, Anapen, new EpiPen, JEXT or Auvi-Q), without device-specific training. We assessed ability to deliver adrenaline using their AAI in a simulated anaphylaxis scenario six weeks and one year after initial training, and following device switch. Primary outcome was successful adrenaline administration at six weeks, assessed by an independent expert. Secondary outcomes were success at one year, success after switching device, and adverse events. Results We randomized 158 participants. At six weeks, 30 of 71 (42%) participants allocated to Anapen and 31 of 73 (43%) participants allocated to EpiPen were successful – RR 1.00 (95% CI 0.68–1.46). Success rates at one year were also similar, but digital injection was more common at one year with EpiPen (8/59, 14%) than Anapen (0/51, 0%, P = 0.007). When switched to a new device without specific training, success rates were higher with Auvi-Q (26/28, 93%) than other devices (39/80, 49%; P < 0.001). Conclusions AAI device design is a major determinant of successful adrenaline administration. Success rates were low with several devices, but were high using the audio-prompt device Auvi-Q. PMID:25850463

  14. Adrenaline modulates the global transcriptional profile of Salmonella revealing a role in the antimicrobial peptide and oxidative stress resistance responses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Williams P

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The successful interaction of bacterial pathogens with host tissues requires the sensing of specific chemical and physical cues. The human gut contains a huge number of neurons involved in the secretion and sensing of a class of neuroendocrine hormones called catecholamines. Recently, in Escherichia coli O157:H7, the catecholamines adrenaline and noradrenaline were shown to act synergistically with a bacterial quorum sensing molecule, autoinducer 3 (AI-3, to affect bacterial virulence and motility. We wished to investigate the impact of adrenaline on the biology of Salmonella spp. Results We have determined the effect of adrenaline on the transcriptome of the gut pathogen Salmonella enterica serovar Typhimurium. Addition of adrenaline led to an induction of key metal transport systems within 30 minutes of treatment. The oxidative stress responses employing manganese internalisation were also elicited. Cells lacking the key oxidative stress regulator OxyR showed reduced survival in the presence of adrenaline and complete restoration of growth upon addition of manganese. A significant reduction in the expression of the pmrHFIJKLM antimicrobial peptide resistance operon reduced the ability of Salmonella to survive polymyxin B following addition of adrenaline. Notably, both phenotypes were reversed by the addition of the β-adrenergic blocker propranolol. Our data suggest that the BasSR two component signal transduction system is the likely adrenaline sensor mediating the antimicrobial peptide response. Conclusion Salmonella are able to sense adrenaline and downregulate the antimicrobial peptide resistance pmr locus through the BasSR two component signalling system. Through iron transport, adrenaline may affect the oxidative stress balance of the cell requiring OxyR for normal growth. Both adrenaline effects can be inhibited by the addition of the β-adrenergic blocker propranolol. Adrenaline sensing may provide an environmental

  15. Activation of prejunctional beta-adrenoceptors in rat atria by adrenaline applied exogenously or released as a co-transmitter.

    OpenAIRE

    Majewski, H.; Rand, M J; Tung, L. H.

    1981-01-01

    1 Adrenaline (10 nM) significantly enhanced the stimulation-induced efflux of radioactivity from rat atria previously incubated with [3H]-noradrenaline ([3H]-NA). This effect was abolished by metoprolol (.01 muM). 2 Adrenaline in a higher concentration (1 muM) and NA (1 muM) significantly reduced the stimulation-induced efflux of radioactivity. However, in the presence of phenoxybenzamine (10 muM), adrenaline (1 muM) enhanced the efflux, whereas NA (1 muM) had no effect. 3 In rat isolated atr...

  16. Adrenaline but not noradrenaline is a determinant of exercise-induced lipid mobilization in human subcutaneous adipose tissue

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glisezinski, I. de; Larrouy, D.; Bajzova, M.;

    2009-01-01

    The relative contribution of noradrenaline (norepinephrine) and adrenaline (epinephrine) in the control of lipid mobilization in subcutaneous adipose tissue (SCAT) during exercise was evaluated in men treated with a somatostatin analogue, octreotide. Eight lean and eight obese young men matched...... of octreotide suppressed plasma insulin and growth hormone levels at rest and during exercise. It blocked the exercise-induced increase in plasma adrenaline while that of noradrenaline was unchanged. Plasma natriuretic peptides (NPs) level was higher at rest and during exercise under octreotide infusion in lean...... individuals. In conclusion, blockade of beta-adrenergic receptors during exercise performed during infusion of octreotide (blocking the exercise-induced rise in adrenaline but not that of noradrenaline) does not alter the exercise-induced lipolysis. This suggests that adrenaline is the main adrenergic agent...

  17. Adrenaline but not noradrenaline is a determinant of exercise-induced lipid mobilization in human subcutaneous adipose tissue

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Glisezinski, I; Larrouy, D; Bajzova, M;

    2009-01-01

    The relative contribution of noradrenaline (norepinephrine) and adrenaline (epinephrine) in the control of lipid mobilization in subcutaneous adipose tissue (SCAT) during exercise was evaluated in men treated with a somatostatin analogue, octreotide. Eight lean and eight obese young men matched...

  18. Electrochemical behavior of adrenaline at the carbon atom wire modified electrode

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xue Kuanhong [Chemistry Department, Nanjing Normal University, Jiangsu Engineering Research Center for Bio-medical Function Materials, 122 NingHai Road, Nanjing, JiangSu 210097 (China)], E-mail: khxue@njnu.edu.cn; Liu Jiamei [Chemistry Department, Nanjing Normal University, Jiangsu Engineering Research Center for Bio-medical Function Materials, 122 NingHai Road, Nanjing, JiangSu 210097 (China); Wei Ribing [Chemistry Department, Nanjing Normal University, Jiangsu Engineering Research Center for Bio-medical Function Materials, 122 NingHai Road, Nanjing, JiangSu 210097 (China); Chen Shaopeng [Chemistry Department, Nanjing Normal University, Jiangsu Engineering Research Center for Bio-medical Function Materials, 122 NingHai Road, Nanjing, JiangSu 210097 (China)

    2006-09-11

    Electrochemical behavior of adrenaline at an electrode modified by carbon atom wires (CAWs), a new material, was investigated by cyclic voltammetry combined with UV-vis spectrometry, and forced convection method. As to the electrochemical response of redox of adrenaline/adrenalinequinone couple in 0.50 M H{sub 2}SO{sub 4}, at a nitric acid treated CAW modified electrode, the anodic and cathodic peak potentials E {sub pa} and E {sub pc} shifted by 87 mV negatively and 139 mV in the positive direction, respectively, and standard heterogeneous rate constant k {sup 0} increased by 16 times compared to the corresponding bare electrode, indicating the extraordinary activity of CAWs in electrocatalysis for the process.

  19. Cerebral non-oxidative carbohydrate consumption in humans driven by adrenaline

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seifert, Thomas S; Brassard, Patrice; Jørgensen, Thomas B;

    2009-01-01

    During brain activation, the decrease in the ratio between cerebral oxygen and carbohydrate uptake (6 O(2)/(glucose + (1)/(2) lactate); the oxygen-carbohydrate index, OCI) is attenuated by the non-selective beta-adrenergic receptor antagonist propranolol, whereas OCI remains unaffected by the beta......(1)-adrenergic receptor antagonist metroprolol. These observations suggest involvement of a beta(2)-adrenergic mechanism in non-oxidative metabolism for the brain. Therefore, we evaluated the effect of adrenaline (0.08 microg kg(-1) min(-1) i.v. for 15 min) and noradrenaline (0.5, 0.1 and 0.15 microg...... from 0.6 +/- 0.1 to 0.8 +/- 0.2 mM (mean +/- s.d.; P carbohydrate uptake during adrenaline...

  20. Do both adrenaline and noradrenaline stimulate cardiac alpha-adrenoceptors to induce positive inotropy of rat atria?

    OpenAIRE

    Williamson, K. L.; Broadley, K. J.

    1989-01-01

    1. The positive inotropic responses of rat paced left atria to adrenaline and noradrenaline were recorded. Desmethylimipramine (DMI, 1 microM) and metanephrine (10 microM) were initially present throughout. 2. The positive chronotropic responses of spontaneously beating right atria to adrenaline were used as a reference. In these, pindolol, in increasing concentrations, caused progressive shift of the concentration-response curves to the right, which yielded a pA2 value (8.15) compatible with...

  1. Interaction between p-dihydroxyborylphenylalanine and adrenaline studied by a zone electrophoresis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kitaoka, Y.; Kobayashi, M. [Kyoto Univ., Kumatori, Osaka (Japan). Research Reactor Inst

    2000-10-01

    In order to develop a new boron carrier, we studied the interaction between p-dihydroxyborylphenylalanine (p-BPA) and adrenaline (Adre.) by a zone electrophoresis, paper chromatography, and infrared-spectroscopy. It was found that the complex of p-BPA with Adre. was stable near neutral solutions and decomposed under acidic solutions. The chemical nature of the complex was compared with those of the complexes of p-BPA with organic acids. (author)

  2. Infiltration with lidocaine and adrenaline instead of normal saline does not improve the septoplasty procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gungor, Volkan; Baklaci, Deniz; Kum, Rauf Oguzhan; Yilmaz, Yavuz Fuat; Ozcan, Muge; Unal, Adnan

    2016-08-01

    The aim of this study was to determine whether infiltration of local anesthetics with adrenaline improved septoplasty procedure when compared to normal saline. Eight-two patients undergoing septoplasty were randomized into two groups. In group 1, septal mucoperichondrium was infiltrated with lidocaine with adrenaline, and normal saline was used in group 2. Presence of intra-operative septal mucosal injuries, the amount of bleeding, arterial blood pressure, operation time as well as the quality of the surgical field and the convenience of finding the correct surgical plane as determined by the surgeon using a 5-point scale were compared between two groups. There were no significant differences for the amount of blood loss, mean arterial pressure, operation time, or scores for convenience of finding the correct surgical plane between the two groups. There was no significant difference for intra-operative simple (P = 0.631) and total (simple+severe) (P = 0.649) septal mucoperichondrial injuries between groups 1 and 2, either. However, severe mucoperichondrial injury rate was higher in the patients infiltrated with lidocaine and adrenaline (P = 0.026), and the quality of the surgical field was worse in the patients injected with normal saline (P = 0.0179). Infiltration of septal mucoperichondrium with lidocaine and adrenaline instead of normal saline was not advantageous in terms of objective parameters tested, including bleeding amount and duration of surgery as well as the of the total mucosal injury rate in septoplasty procedure. PMID:26714803

  3. Circulating adrenaline and noradrenaline concentrations during exercise in patients with exercise induced asthma and normal subjects.

    OpenAIRE

    Berkin, K E; Walker, G.; Inglis, G C; S.G. Ball; Thomson, N. C.

    1988-01-01

    A failure of the usual increase in plasma adrenaline and noradrenaline concentrations during submaximal exercise has been suggested as a contributory cause of exercise induced asthma. Six normal subjects and six asthmatic patients underwent a standard graded maximal exercise test. Measurements of oxygen consumption, minute ventilation, exercise time, blood lactate concentration, and heart rate indicated that the two groups achieved similarly high work loads during exercise. Mean FEV1 fell by ...

  4. Adrenaline-, noradrenaline- and small granule- containing cells in the adrenal gland of Discoglossus pictus (Amphibia, Anura).

    OpenAIRE

    Accordi, F; Gallo, V P

    1982-01-01

    In the adrenal gland of Discoglossus pictus, various types of chromaffin cells are described: noradrenaline cells, adrenaline cells and small granule-containing cells (on the basis of electron density and shape of the granules). The chromaffin cells occur in small groups, and have cytoplasmic processes which may surround them in the form of parallel layers. Their nerve supply is sparse. The possible function of SGC-cells, in relation to those described in other vertebrates, is discussed.

  5. Differential actions of desipramine on sympathoadrenal release of noradrenaline and adrenaline.

    OpenAIRE

    Eisenhofer, G; Friberg, P.; Goldstein, D.S.; Esler, M

    1995-01-01

    Spillovers noradrenaline (NA) and adrenaline (A) into plasma were examined before and after i.v. administration of 0.3-0.5 mg kg-1 desipramine (DMI) in 19 normal volunteers. DMI decreased the total body spillover of NA by 20 +/- 4%, but increased that of A by 45 +/- 10%. The results indicate differential sympathoadrenal actions of DMI, characterized by inhibition of NA release from sympathetic nerves and stimulation of A secretion from the adrenals. These effects of DMI provide an explanation...

  6. Efficacy of lignocaine with clonidine and adrenaline in minor oral surgical procedure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shouvik Chowdhury

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Use of vasoconstrictors in local anaesthesia is well known. The study was done on 30 patients who underwent removal of bilateral impacted third molars. The aim of the study was to compare the efficacy of lignocaine with clonidine and lignocaine with adrenaline in respect to onset, duration of anaesthesia, and postoperative analgesia along with hemodynamic stability (systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure, heart rate in intraoral nerve block. The patients were randomly selected of both sexes (male and female between the age group of 18-40 years. Patients received 2 mL of 2% lignocaine with adrenaline (12.5 μg/mL on one side and 2 mL of 2% lignocaine with clonidine (15 μg/mL on the other side at two different appointments. 2 millilitres of drug was administered in both the test group and the control group. Statistically there was significant decrease in intraoperative and postoperative systolic blood pressure, diastolic blood pressure, mean arterial pressure, and heart rate in the lignocaine with clonidine group. The efficacy of clonidine based on visual analog scale was similar to adrenaline. No significant operative complications were observed.

  7. Ventricular arrhythmogenic dose of adrenaline during sevoflurane, isoflurane, and halothane anaesthesia either with or without ketamine or thiopentone in cats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hikasa, Y; Okabe, C; Takase, K; Ogasawara, S

    1996-03-01

    The doses of adrenaline required to induce ventricular arrhythmia during sevoflurane, isoflurane and halothane anaesthesia, either with or without infusions of ketamine (76 micrograms kg-1 min-1) or thiopentone (0.5 mg kg-1 min-1), were determined in cats. Groups of six to eight cats were maintained at end-tidal concentrations equivalent to 1.25 times the minimal alveolar concentration of each anaesthetic. The mean dose of adrenaline required to induce arrhythmia during sevoflurane anaesthesia (19.0 micrograms kg-1) was approximately 11 times higher than that required during halothane anaesthesia (1.66 micrograms kg-1) and the same as that required during isoflurane anaesthesia (19.0 micrograms kg-1). Ketamine tended to decrease the requirement of adrenaline during halothane anaesthesia, but not significantly, and did not change the requirement during isoflurane or sevoflurane anaesthesia. Thiopentone did not change the requirement for adrenaline during halothane, isoflurane or sevoflurane anaesthesia. It was concluded that either with or without ketamine or thiopentone, the effect of sevoflurane on the sensitisation of the feline myocardium to the arrhythmogenic effects of adrenaline was significantly less than that of halothane and not different from that of isoflurane. PMID:8685534

  8. Adrenaline promotes cell proliferation and increases chemoresistance in colon cancer HT29 cells through induction of miR-155

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pu, Jun [Department of General Surgery, Tangdu Hospital of the Fourth Military Medical University, Xi' an 710038 (China); Bai, Danna [Department of Cardiology, 323 Hospital of PLA, Xi' an 710054 (China); Yang, Xia [Department of Teaching and Medical Administration, Tangdu Hospital of the Fourth Military Medical University, Xi' an 710038 (China); Lu, Xiaozhao [Department of Nephrology, The 323 Hospital of PLA, Xi' an 710054 (China); Xu, Lijuan, E-mail: 13609296272@163.com [Department of Nephrology, The 323 Hospital of PLA, Xi' an 710054 (China); Lu, Jianguo, E-mail: lujianguo029@yahoo.com.cn [Department of General Surgery, Tangdu Hospital of the Fourth Military Medical University, Xi' an 710038 (China)

    2012-11-16

    Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Adrenaline increases colon cancer cell proliferation and its resistance to cisplatin. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Adrenaline activates NF{kappa}B in a dose dependent manner. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer NF{kappa}B-miR-155 pathway contributes to cell proliferation and resistance to cisplatin. -- Abstract: Recently, catecholamines have been described as being involved in the regulation of cancer genesis and progression. Here, we reported that adrenaline increased the cell proliferation and decreased the cisplatin induced apoptosis in HT29 cells. Further study found that adrenaline increased miR-155 expression in an NF{kappa}B dependent manner. HT29 cells overexpressing miR-155 had a higher cell growth rate and more resistance to cisplatin induced apoptosis. In contrast, HT29 cells overexpressing miR-155 inhibitor displayed decreased cell proliferation and sensitivity to cisplatin induced cell death. In summary, our study here revealed that adrenaline-NF{kappa}B-miR-155 pathway at least partially contributes to the psychological stress induced proliferation and chemoresistance in HT29 cells, shedding light on increasing the therapeutic strategies of cancer chemotherapy.

  9. The responses of rat hepatocytes to glucagon and adrenaline. Application of quantified elasticity analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ainscow, E K; Brand, M D

    1999-11-01

    The internal control of hepatocyte metabolism has been previously analysed using metabolic control analysis. The aim of this paper is to extend this analysis to include the responses of the cells to hormonal stimulus. Hepatocyte metabolism was divided into nine reaction blocks: glycogen breakdown, glucose release, glycolysis, lactate production, NADH oxidation, pyruvate oxidation, proton leak, mitochondrial phosphorylation and ATP consumption, linked by five intermediates: mitochondrial membrane potential, cytoplasmic NADH/NAD and total cellular ATP, glucose 6-phosphate and pyruvate. The kinetic responses of the reaction blocks to the intermediates were determined previously in the absence of added hormones. In this study, the changes in flux and intermediate levels that occurred upon addition of either glucagon or adrenaline were measured. From comparison of the fractional changes in fluxes and intermediate levels with the known kinetics of the system, it was possible to determine the primary sites of action of the hormones. The results show that the majority of processes in the cell are responsive to the hormones. The notable exception to this is the failure of adrenaline to have a direct effect on glycolysis. The activity change of each metabolic block observed in the presence of either hormone was quantified and compared to the indirect effects on each block caused by changes in metabolite levels. The second stage of the analysis was to use the calculated activity changes and the known control pattern of the system to give a semiquantitative analysis of the regulatory pathways employed by the hormones to achieve the changes in fluxes and metabolite levels. This was instructive in analysing, for example, how glucagon caused a decrease in flux through glycolysis and an increase in oxidative phosphorylation without large changes in metabolite levels (homeostasis). Conversely, it could be seen that the failure of adrenaline to maintain a constant glucose 6

  10. TriRod Adrenaline F3限量版三轮摩托车

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    这辆酷酷的三轮摩托车叫做TriRod Adrenaline F3,重量只有340千克,采用的是前两个车轮,后面一个车轮的设计,车身采用的是碳纤维材料。除此之外,还采用了与哈雷相似的11966ccV型发动机,比起一般的小型摩托引擎更漂亮。

  11. The effect of Amaranth oil on monolayers of artificial lipids and hepatocyte plasma membranes with adrenalin-induced stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yelisyeyeva, O P; Semen, K O; Ostrovska, G V; Kaminskyy, D V; Sirota, T V; Zarkovic, N; Mazur, D; Lutsyk, O D; Rybalchenko, K; Bast, A

    2014-03-15

    In this paper the oil from seeds of Amaranthus cruentus L. (AmO) was shown to be an efficient modulator of the physical chemical properties of artificial lipid and rat hepatocyte plasma membranes. AmO improved the membrane stability, their stress resistance and the adsorption of neurotensin to plasma membranes with the distinct biphasic interactions being observed even after adrenalin stress exposure. The analysis of pro-/antioxidant balance in rat blood revealed a mild prooxidant activity after AmO intake, which was accompanied by accumulation of oxidative destruction products in plasma membranes. This prooxidant action of AmO was corroborated in vitro in an adrenalin autooxidation model. On the other hand, the observed improved resistance to adrenalin stress in AmO supplemented rats was associated with an antioxidant response in blood and plasma membrane studies. The AmO effects can be attributed to the modulation of the metabolic pathways involved into oxygen and free radical homeostasis.

  12. Effects of oxygenation and the stress hormones adrenaline and cortisol on the viscosity of blood from the trout oncorhynchus mykiss

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Bodil; Weber, Roy

    1995-01-01

    Although the concentrations of the stress hormones adrenaline and cortisol in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) blood increase upon hypoxic exposure, the combined effects of these hormones and O2 lack upon fish blood rheology have not been investigated. Deoxygenated blood taken by caudal puncture...... exhibited lower viscosities than oxygenated samples at low shear rates, whereas the opposite was true at high shear rates. However, blood from cannulated trout had similar viscosities in its deoxygenated and oxygenated states. In the deoxygenated state, addition of adrenaline lowered viscosity at low shear...... rates and increased it at high shear rates, resembling the effects of deoxygenation observed in blood taken by venepuncture. In oxygenated blood on the contrary, no marked adrenaline effects were observed. In deoxygenated blood, addition of cortisol lowered viscosity at all measured shear rates compared...

  13. Placebo-controlled trial of nebulization with adrenaline in acute bronchiolitis: a quasi-experimental study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Bronchiolitis is an acute inflammatory obstruction. of small In children that occurs In first two years of life and is by fever, rhinitis, cough, tachypnoea, expiratory wheeze and increased respiratory effort To study efficacy of nebulized adrenaline compared with placebo in acute bronchiolitis. Quasi-experimental study carried out at Department of aediatrics, King Edward Medical University/ Mayo Hospital, Lahore from October 2006 through March 2007. After consent from parents, sixty children of age between 2 months to 2 years with the first episode consistent with clinical case definition of bronchiolitis were included by using convenient sampling. clinical scoring system was used to grade the severity of disease as well as to monitor the efficacy of intervention. Those having score = 8 were randomly allocated to the two study groups. The information was recorded at 0 minute and effect of each method of treatment was followed for 90 minutes. Results: Our study population was 60 children. The mean age was 11:1:6 Months. Male to female ratio was 1.2: 1. Mean weight of the Children was 9:1:3 kg. Improvement in clinical score, oxygen saturation, and length of hospital at 0 and 90 minutes was noted in both groups but when compared with placebo, there was no Statistically significant difference. Conclusion: There is no difference in the efficacy of nebulization with adrenaline compared with placebo in the management of acute bronchiolitis. (author)

  14. Action of adrenalin on the circulation of the murine Plasmodium developing stages, in different blood compartments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bertani S.

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Adrenalin was used to investigate in vivo the circulation of the different stages of rodent Plasmodium present in the blood. A single dose of adrenalin injected to mice infected with P. yoelii resulted immediately in i a diminution of the parasitaemia of approximately 50 % in the peripheral large vessels (estimated in tail blood films, as well as in the capillaries (estimated in smears of blood collected from a fed Anopheles, and ii an increased parasitaemia in blood collected by cardiac puncture from the right heart. The numbers of young stages of P. yoelii in the peripheral blood were initially somewhat reduced but, unexpectedly, midterm trophozoites were preferentially expelled from the peripheral blood into major organs like the heart. With P. vinckei, parasitaemia decreased only when midterm trophozoites predominated, and with P. chabaudi no effect was observed at any time. We propose that midterm trophozoites, by their increased surface area, as compared to rings, and their flexibility which contrasts with the rigid schizonts, are particularly susceptible to haemodynamic perturbations.

  15. Factors determining the ability of parents to effectively administer intramuscular adrenaline to food allergic children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arkwright, Peter D; Farragher, Alex J

    2006-05-01

    Intramuscular adrenaline is the treatment of choice for food-related anaphylactic reactions. Although auto-injectable adrenaline devices are routinely prescribed for patients at risk of serious reactions, previous studies have shown that only one-third to one and a half of patients or their carers are able to properly use these devices. The aim of this study was to determine which factors are most strongly associated with the effective use of these devices. A 122 children with food allergies who had previously been prescribed EpiPens and were attending a single specialist pediatric allergy center in the UK. were studied prospectively. A 69% of parents were unable to use the EpiPen, did not have it available, or did not know when it should be administered. A prior practical demonstration was associated with a 4-5 fold greater chance that parents would be able to use the device (p EpiPens to be used safely and effectively it is essential to educate the carer at the time the device is prescribed.

  16. Effects of arterial infusions of adrenalin and acetylcholine on luteal secretion of progesterone and oxytocin in goats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooke, R G; Payne, J H

    1998-07-15

    The effects of close intra-arterial infusion of acetylcholine and adrenalin on ovarian secretion of progesterone and oxytocin were examined on Day 10 of the estrous cycle in goats (estrus = Day 0). Acetylcholine (15 micrograms/min) was without effect, but adrenalin (10 micrograms/min) significantly (P < 0.001) raised both progesterone and oxytocin concentrations in ovarian vein plasma. These results show that luteal hormone secretion is enhanced in the goat by beta-adrenergic stimulation and suggest that, as in the sheep and cow, there may be neuroendocrine involvement in the regulation of caprine luteal function. PMID:10734492

  17. Sustained prejunctional facilitation of noradrenergic neurotransmission by adrenaline as a co-transmitter in the portal vein of freely moving rats

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    COPPES, RP; Freie, I.; SMIT, J; ZAAGSMA, J

    1994-01-01

    1 The duration of the facilitatory effect of adrenaline on the electrically evoked overflow of noradrenaline was studied in the portal vein of permanently adreno-demedullated freely moving rats. 2 Rats were infused with adrenaline (20 or 100 ng min(-1)) for 2 h. After an interval of 1 h, when plasma

  18. A prospective comparison of topical feracrylum citrate versus adrenaline as haemostatic agent in hypospadias surgery in children

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ashok Kumar Laddha

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: A comparative study of topical feracrylum citrate versus adrenaline to minimise haemorrhage-related complications in paediatric hypospadiac patients. Patients and Methods: A total of 108 consecutive paediatric hypospadiac patients (48 in the study group and 60 control - random allocation were studied. In the study group, 1% feracrylum citrate solution was used and adrenaline (1:100,000 in controls. Results: Among the study group, average number of blood-soaked gauge pieces were 2.95/patient, correlating with average intraoperative blood loss of 14.74 ml. In controls, average blood-soaked gauge pieces were 4.83/patient corresponding to an average blood loss of 24.13 ml. The average amount of blood loss during surgery in the <5 years was 13.70 ml/patient in the feracrylum group, while the same in the adrenaline group was 23.45 ml. Average duration of surgery was 79 min in the study group, while the same in controls was 94 min/patient. Average number of cauterisations was 0.255/patient in the study group and 0.583/patient among controls. Postoperative haematoma was seen in 8% study group compared with 18% controls. Wound oedema appeared in 4.17% study group and 11.67% controls. Postoperative complications were higher among controls. Conclusions: Feracrylum is more efficient and safer topical haemostatic agent than adrenaline. It reduced the frequency of cauterisation and tissue damage, intraoperative blood loss, and postoperative complications.

  19. Effects of oxygenation and the stress hormones adrenaline and cortisol on the viscosity of blood from the trout oncorhynchus mykiss

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Bodil; Weber, Roy

    1995-01-01

    rates and increased it at high shear rates, resembling the effects of deoxygenation observed in blood taken by venepuncture. In oxygenated blood on the contrary, no marked adrenaline effects were observed. In deoxygenated blood, addition of cortisol lowered viscosity at all measured shear rates compared...

  20. Media Composer Adrenaline HD2.1后期制作系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Avid公司新推出的Media Composer AdrenalineTM HD2.1后期制作解决方案提供了增强的高清支持,增加了24f/S高清电影制作项目支持,支持无磁盘工作流及Panasonic P2和Sony XDCAM。提供了10b视频采集与回放、实时高清与标清多机位编辑、基于IEEE-1394接口的24p DV25及DV50采集、用于高效数字中间片,基于文件工作流的DPX文件元数据跟踪等功能。

  1. Specific insulin binding in bovine chromaffin cells; demonstration of preferential binding to adrenalin-storing cells

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Serck-Hanssen, G.; Soevik, O.

    1987-12-28

    Insulin binding was studied in subpopulations of bovine chromaffin cells enriched in adrenalin-producing cells (A-cells) or noradrenalin-producing cells (NA-cells). Binding of /sup 125/I-insulin was carried out at 15/sup 0/C for 3 hrs in the absence or presence of excess unlabeled hormone. Four fractions of cells were obtained by centrifugation on a stepwise bovine serum albumin gradient. The four fractions were all shown to bind insulin in a specific manner and the highest binding was measured in the cell layers of higher densities, containing mainly A-cells. The difference in binding of insulin to the four subpopulations of chromaffin cells seemed to be related to differences in numbers of receptors as opposed to receptor affinities. The authors conclude that bovine chromaffin cells possess high affinity binding sites for insulin and that these binding sites are mainly confined to A-cells. 24 references, 2 figures, 1 table.

  2. Thermodynamic parameters associated with the binding of adrenalin and norephedrine to heparin

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Al-Ali, A.K.; Buchanan, J.D.; Power, D.M. (Salford Univ. (UK). Dept. of Biochemistry); Butler, J. (Christie Hospital and Holt Radium Inst., Manchester (UK). Paterson Labs.)

    1983-04-01

    Pulse radiolysis has been used to determine the thermodynamic parameters (..delta..G', ..delta..H' and ..delta..S') governing the binding of adrenalin and norephedrine to heparin. These complexes were completely dissociated by increasing concentrations of inorganic salts. Lower concentrations of divalent cations (e.g. Ca/sup 2 +/) than of monovalent cations (e.g. Na/sup +/) were necessary to effect dissociation of the complex. For each interaction an increase in drug binding occurred as the temperature was increased from ambient. However, a transition temperature was observed (48/sup 0/C) above which the drug was progressively released as the temperature was increased. These observations are discussed in terms of conformational changes induced in the polymer below and above its melting temperature.

  3. Intramuscular adrenaline does not reduce the incidence of respiratory distress and hypoglycaemia in neonates delivered by elective caesarean section at term

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Pernille; Avlund, O L; Pedersen, B L;

    2008-01-01

    AIM: To test whether intramuscular injection of 30 microg adrenaline decreased the incidence of respiratory distress and hypoglycaemia in term infants delivered by elective caesarean section before active labour. METHOD: The study was randomised and double-blinded. A total of 270 neonates were...... assigned to intramuscular treatment with saline (0.30 ml) or 30 microg adrenaline (0.30 ml) immediately after birth. The primary endpoint was referral to the neonatal ward because of respiratory distress or a blood glucose level birth. The first 50 infants were monitored...... of respiratory distress and hypoglycaemia was 14% among infants treated with adrenaline compared with 7% in those who received saline injection (p = 0.048). CONCLUSION: Intramuscular injection of 30 microg adrenaline does not reduce the incidence of respiratory distress or hypoglycaemia after elective caesarean...

  4. The effect of adrenaline and high Ca2+ on the mechanical performance and oxygen consumption of the isolated perfused trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) heart

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rytter, Dorte; Gesser, Hans

    2007-01-01

    In heart muscle from mammals, catecholamines frequently evoke an oxygen waste and reduce efficiency. It was examined if this also applies to fish in which heart muscle activity is often restricted by oxygen availability. In the isolated perfused heart from rainbow trout, adrenaline (0.5 micro......M) increased power output by approximately 97%, when afterload was adjusted to maximum both before and after adrenaline addition, and by approximately 68%, when afterload remained at the maximum obtained before adrenaline addition. Oxygen consumption was enhanced by a similar amount (approximately 70%) in both...... situations. Hence, efficiency, i.e. power output/oxygen consumption, increased significantly from 25 to 30% for the heart always exposed to maximal afterload, whereas it stayed unchanged at 24% for the heart exposed to control afterload only. Adrenaline increases the Ca2+ activity participating in activation...

  5. Intramuscular adrenaline does not reduce the incidence of respiratory distress and hypoglycaemia in neonates delivered by elective caesarean section at term

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Pernille; Avlund, O L; Pedersen, B L;

    2008-01-01

    AIM: To test whether intramuscular injection of 30 microg adrenaline decreased the incidence of respiratory distress and hypoglycaemia in term infants delivered by elective caesarean section before active labour. METHOD: The study was randomised and double-blinded. A total of 270 neonates were...... assigned to intramuscular treatment with saline (0.30 ml) or 30 microg adrenaline (0.30 ml) immediately after birth. The primary endpoint was referral to the neonatal ward because of respiratory distress or a blood glucose level ... with pulse oximetry to disclose potential side effects. RESULTS: Pulse-oximetry recordings revealed a modest systemic effect by intramuscular adrenaline as the heart rate and the haemoglobin oxygen saturation were significantly higher in infants who received adrenaline. In contrast, the incidence...

  6. Comparative study of anaphylaxis incidence in patients receiving anti-snake venom with or without prophylactic adrenaline: a prospective, randomized, blinded study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raghuraman M. S.

    2016-08-01

    Conclusions: Prophylactic subcutaneous adrenaline before anti snake venom administration is highly efficacious and safe in reducing the incidence as well as severity of anaphylactic reactions. [Int J Basic Clin Pharmacol 2016; 5(4.000: 1436-1440

  7. Metabolic effects of cortisol, ACTH, adrenalin and insulin in the marsupial sugar glider, Petaurus breviceps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradley, A J; Stoddart, D M

    1990-11-01

    The effects of cortisol, ACTH, adrenalin and insulin on indices of carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism were investigated in the conscious marsupial sugar glider Petaurus breviceps. Short-term i.v. infusion of cortisol at dose rates of 0.02, 0.2 and 1.0 mg/kg per h caused the plasma glucose concentration to rise sharply from the normal range of 3.3-4.4 to 8.1-8.7 mmol/l at the end of the infusion period without significant alteration in plasma free fatty acid (FFA), amino acid or urea concentrations. Infusions of ACTH at dose rates of 0.02, 0.06 and 0.45 IU/kg per h caused a similar rise in plasma glucose concentration; however, this was now accompanied by an elevation in plasma FFA concentration, but again without significant changes in either plasma amino acid or urea concentrations. Infusion of adrenalin at 10 micrograms/kg per h caused an increase in the plasma concentrations of both glucose and FFA. Intravenous injections of 0.15 IU insulin/kg caused a rapid and marked decrease in the plasma glucose concentration within 30 min and an increase in the plasma free cortisol concentration. Associated with this change was a marked rise in the plasma concentration of both FFA and free cortisol. The rise in free cortisol was, however, significantly reduced by infusion of glucose. Pretreatment with five daily i.m. injections of 1 mg cortisol acetate/kg, which produced an increase in plasma free cortisol concentration to near the maximum of the physiological range, caused a marked reduction in insulin sensitivity. Cortisol pretreatment caused an increase in the plasma FFA and amino acid concentrations. Petaurus breviceps is highly sensitive to the metabolic effects of glucocorticoids and is similar in this respect to the brush-tailed possum Trichosurus vulpecula. The interactive effects between insulin and glucocorticoids on carbohydrate, fat and protein metabolism in Petaurus breviceps are similar to those shown by Trichosurus vulpecula and some eutherian mammals

  8. Adrenaline modulates the global transcriptional profile of Salmonella revealing a role in the antimicrobial peptide and oxidative stress resistance responses

    OpenAIRE

    Williams P; Winzer K; Thompson A.; Bulmer DM; Spencer H; Karavolos MH; Hinton JCD; Khan CM Anjam

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background The successful interaction of bacterial pathogens with host tissues requires the sensing of specific chemical and physical cues. The human gut contains a huge number of neurons involved in the secretion and sensing of a class of neuroendocrine hormones called catecholamines. Recently, in Escherichia coli O157:H7, the catecholamines adrenaline and noradrenaline were shown to act synergistically with a bacterial quorum sensing molecule, autoinducer 3 (AI-3), to affect bacter...

  9. A Comparative Study Between 1% and 0.1% Lidocain with Adrenaline in Skin Local Anesthesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Zamanian

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Lidocain solution 1-2% have used with or without adrenaline for skin local anesthesia. Also normal salin, diphenhydramine and bacteriostatic salin have been used. The purpose of this study was to compare the effectiveness of 1% lidocain with 0.1% lidocain in local skin anesthesia.This study was carried out by triple blind method on 140 patients that submitted to Hamedan Sina Hospital in 2000. These patients divided in two groups randomly, 70 cases received 1% lidocain and other 70 cases received 0.1% lidocain. The pain assessment score was between 0-10 that was asked from each patient and collected data analyzed by statistical methods.This study showed that 51.1% of patients that received 1% lidocain and 48.9% that received 0.1% lidocain did not have any pain during injection (P>0.05. Also 54.3% of patients that received 1% lidocain and 45.7% that received 0.1% lidocain solution did not have any pain throw the procedure (P>0.05.The effect of 0.1% lidocain solution had no much difference from 1% lidocain in skin local anesthesia and thus it is suggested to use it for wide anesthesia in skin surgeries.

  10. Epinephrine (adrenaline) in the first-aid, out-of-hospital treatment of anaphylaxis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Simons, F Estelle R

    2004-01-01

    Epinephrine (adrenaline), the initial treatment of choice for systemic anaphylaxis, is an alpha- and beta-adrenergic agonist with bidirectional, cyclic adenosine monophosphate-mediated pharmacological effects on target organs, and a narrow therapeutic index. In a recent study, 0.95% of a geographically-defined population was found to have had epinephrine dispensed for out-of-hospital use; dispensing rates within this population varied from 1.44% for individuals under age 17 years to 0.32% for those older than 65 years. Although epinephrine is widely available in the community, it is not necessarily given in a timely manner when anaphylaxis occurs. Individuals with anaphylaxis may fail to respond to first-aid treatment with epinephrine for a variety of reasons. These include: (1) delay in treatment (in an animal model, epinephrine injection at the nadir of shock fails to provide sustained haemodynamic recovery); (2) administration of epinephrine by sub-optimal routes such as subcutaneous injection or inhalation from a pressurized metered-dose inhaler instead of intramuscular injection; (3) administration of an inappropriately low epinephrine dose due to the limitations currently imposed by the availability of only two fixed-dose auto-injectors: EpiPen Jr 0.15 mg or EpiPen 0.3 mg; and (4) injection of 'outdated' epinephrine, with inadvertent administration of an inadequate dose. Additional fixed-dose formulations of epinephrine are needed to facilitate optimal first-aid dosing in patients of all ages and sizes.

  11. Adrenaline in pro-oxidant conditions elicits intracellular survival pathways in isolated rat cardiomyocytes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In several pathologic conditions, like cardiac ischemia/reperfusion, the sustained elevation of plasma and interstitial catecholamine levels, namely adrenaline (ADR), and the generation of reactive oxygen species (ROS) are hallmarks. The present work aimed to investigate in cardiomyocytes which intracellular signalling pathways are altered by ADR redox ability. To mimic pathologic conditions, freshly isolated calcium tolerant cardiomyocytes from adult rat were incubated with ADR alone or in the presence of a system capable of generating ROS [(xanthine with xanthine oxidase) (X/XO)]. ADR elicited a pro-oxidant signal with generation of reactive species, which was largely magnified by the ROS generating system. However, no change in cardiomyocytes viability was observed. The pro-oxidant signal promoted the translocation to the nucleus of the transcription factors, Heat shock factor-1 (HSF-1) and Nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB). In addition, proteasome activity was compromised in the experimental groups where the generation of reactive species occurred. The decrease in the proteasome activity of the ADR group resulted from its redox sensitivity, since the activity was recovered by adding the ROS scavenger, tiron. Proteasome inhibition seemed to elicit an increase in HSP70 levels. Furthermore, retention of mitochondrial cytochrome c and inhibition of caspase 3 activity were observed by X/XO incubation in presence or absence of ADR. In conclusion, in spite of all the insults inflicted to the cardiomyocytes, they were capable to activate intracellular responses that enabled their survival. These mechanisms, namely the pathways altered by catecholamine proteasome inhibition, should be further characterized, as they could be of relevance in the ischemia preconditioning and the reperfusion injury

  12. Sustained Liver Glucose Release in Response to Adrenaline Can Improve Hypoglycaemic Episodes in Rats under Food Restriction Subjected to Acute Exercise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas K. R. Babata

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. As the liver is important for blood glucose regulation, this study aimed at relating liver glucose release stimulated by glucagon and adrenaline to in vivo episodes of hypoglycaemia. Methods. The blood glucose profile during an episode of insulin-induced hypoglycaemia in exercised and nonexercised male Wistar control (GC and food-restricted (GR, 50% rats and liver glucose release stimulated by glucagon and adrenaline were investigated. Results. In the GR, the hypoglycaemic episodes showed severe decreases in blood glucose, persistent hypoglycaemia, and less complete glycaemic recovery. An exercise session prior to the episode of hypoglycaemia raised the basal blood glucose, reduced the magnitude of the hypoglycaemia, and improved the recovery of blood glucose. In fed animals of both groups, liver glucose release was activated by glucagon and adrenaline. In fasted GR rats, liver glycogenolysis activated by glucagon was impaired, despite a significant basal glycogenolysis, while an adrenaline-stimulated liver glucose release was recorded. Conclusions. The lack of liver response to glucagon in the GR rats could be partially responsible for the more severe episodes of hypoglycaemia observed in vivo in nonexercised animals. The preserved liver response to adrenaline can partially account for the less severe hypoglycaemia in the food-restricted animals after acute exercise.

  13. Low-dose adrenaline, promethazine, and hydrocortisone in the prevention of acute adverse reactions to antivenom following snakebite: a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H Asita de Silva

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Envenoming from snakebites is most effectively treated by antivenom. However, the antivenom available in South Asian countries commonly causes acute allergic reactions, anaphylactic reactions being particularly serious. We investigated whether adrenaline, promethazine, and hydrocortisone prevent such reactions in secondary referral hospitals in Sri Lanka by conducting a randomised, double-blind placebo-controlled trial. METHODS AND FINDINGS: In total, 1,007 patients were randomized, using a 2 × 2 × 2 factorial design, in a double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of adrenaline (0.25 ml of a 1∶1,000 solution subcutaneously, promethazine (25 mg intravenously, and hydrocortisone (200 mg intravenously, each alone and in all possible combinations. The interventions, or matching placebo, were given immediately before infusion of antivenom. Patients were monitored for mild, moderate, or severe adverse reactions for at least 96 h. The prespecified primary end point was the effect of the interventions on the incidence of severe reactions up to and including 48 h after antivenom administration. In total, 752 (75% patients had acute reactions to antivenom: 9% mild, 48% moderate, and 43% severe; 89% of the reactions occurred within 1 h; and 40% of all patients were given rescue medication (adrenaline, promethazine, and hydrocortisone during the first hour. Compared with placebo, adrenaline significantly reduced severe reactions to antivenom by 43% (95% CI 25-67 at 1 h and by 38% (95% CI 26-49 up to and including 48 h after antivenom administration; hydrocortisone and promethazine did not. Adding hydrocortisone negated the benefit of adrenaline. CONCLUSIONS: Pretreatment with low-dose adrenaline was safe and reduced the risk of acute severe reactions to snake antivenom. This may be of particular importance in countries where adverse reactions to antivenom are common, although the need to improve the quality of available antivenom cannot be

  14. The effect of verapamil and diltiazem on cardiac stimulant effect of adrenaline and calcium chloride on isolated frog heart

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lakhavat Sudhakar, Naveen Kumar T, Tadvi NA, Venkata Rao Y

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: Calcium channel blockers block voltage dependent L-type of calcium channel and thus reduce the frequency of opening of these channels in response to depolarization. The result is a marked decrease in transmembrane calcium current associated with long lasting relaxation of vascular smooth muscle, reduction in contractility in cardiac muscle, decrease in pacemaker activity in the SA node and decrease in conduction velocity in the AV node. Among Calcium channel blockers verapamil, is cardio selective, nifedipine is vascular smooth muscle selective, while diltiazem exhibits intermediate selectivity. Methods: In the present study, the effect of two Ca++ channel blocker, Verapamil and Diltiazem were compared on the isolated frog heart by using adrenaline & calcium chloride as standard on frog heart contractility. Results and conclusion: Adrenaline and calcium chloride increased the amplitude of contraction of isolated perfused frog heart. The L- type of Ca2+ channel blockers verapamil and diltiazem produced dose dependent (2mg, 4mg, 8mg, and 16mg reduction in the amplitude of contraction produced by calcium chloride in isolated perfused frog heart. There was no statistical significant difference (p > 0.05 between the inhibitory effect of diltiazem and verapamil on calcium chloride induced contraction of isolated frog heart.

  15. Evidence for the occurrence of an enkephalin-like peptide in adrenaline and noradrenaline neurons of the rat medulla oblongata.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ceccatelli, S; Millhorn, D E; Hökfelt, T; Goldstein, M

    1989-01-01

    The indirect immunofluorescence technique was used to analyze the catecholaminergic neurons in the medulla oblongata of the rat for the presence of enkephalin (ENK)- and neuropeptide Y (NPY)-like immunoreactivity (LI). In colchicine pretreated animals, using a double staining technique with mouse and rabbit antibodies against ENK and tyrosine hydroxylase (TH) or phenylethanolamine N-methyltransferase (PNMT), it was demonstrated that both TH- and ENK-LI occurred in the same neurons, particularly in many neurons of the A1 noradrenaline cell group. In the transition zone to the C1 adrenaline cell group, a proportion of PNMT-positive cells also contained ENK-LI. In the rostral and mid portion of the C1 group only few TH/PNMT-positive cells were found to be ENK-positive. In the noradrenergic A2 region, a moderate number of cell bodies also contained TH- plus ENK-LI, whereas only a few of the adrenaline cells of the C2 and C3 groups showed ENK-LI. In addition, with an elution restaining technique it was possible to demonstrate that several of the cells containing TH- and ENK-LI were also positive for NPY-LI. The present findings demonstrate that a subpopulation of the catecholaminergic neurons in the medulla oblongata of the rat is ENK-positive, thereby indicating a possible co-release of the two compounds in their projection areas, for example the paraventricular nucleus and the spinal cord. PMID:2565245

  16. Impact of adrenaline and metabolic stress on exercise-induced intracellular signaling and PGC-1α mRNA response in human skeletal muscle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brandt, Nina; Gunnarsson, Thomas Gunnar Petursson; Hostrup, Morten;

    2016-01-01

    This study tested the hypothesis that elevated plasma adrenaline or metabolic stress enhances exercise-induced PGC-1α mRNA and intracellular signaling in human muscle. Trained (VO2-max: 53.8 ± 1.8 mL min(-1) kg(-1)) male subjects completed four different exercise protocols (work load of the legs...... exercise than at rest in all protocols, and higher (P adrenaline nor muscle metabolic stress determines the magnitude of PGC-1α mRNA response in human muscle. Furthermore, higher exercise-induced changes in AMPK, p38, and CREB...

  17. (−)-Timolol is a more potent antagonist of the positive inotropic effects of (−)-adrenaline than of those of (−)-noradrenaline in human atrium

    OpenAIRE

    Wang, T.; Kaumann, A. J.; Brown, M. J.

    1996-01-01

    The affinity of (−)-timolol for β1- and β2-adrenoceptors was determined on isolated atrial preparations from patients undergoing open heart surgery. The times for onset and offset of antagonism of the positive inotropic effects of (−)-adrenaline and (−)-noradrenaline by (−)-timolol were measured.The antagonism of the positive inotropic effects of (−)-adrenaline and (−)-noradrenaline by (−)-timolol (0.1–100 nm) was simple competitive in human atrium tissue. The slope of Schild-plots was not si...

  18. Effect of inhibitory avoidance trainning, ACTH, beta-endorphin and adrenaline on the incorporation of 14C-leucine into synaptosomal proteins of rat hypothalamus, amygdala and hippocampus

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    'In vitro' incorporation of leucine to protein was studied in synaptosomes isolated from the hypothalamus, amygdala and hippocampus of rats submitted to inhibitory avoidance training or to the i.p. injection of ACTH, beta-endorphin or adrenaline; or in synaptosomes incubated with these substances. (M.A.C.)

  19. Validation of a high performance liquid chromatography analysis for the determination of noradrenaline and adrenaline in human urine with an on-line sample purification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Åse Marie; Kristiansen, J; Nielsen, J L;

    1999-01-01

    of catecholamines in urine of healthy individuals in a field study. The laboratory method evaluation study showed that the recovery of the method was 0.82 (confidence interval (CI): 0.79-0.86) and 0.92 (CI: 0.89-0.95) for noradrenaline and adrenaline, respectively. Thus, correction factors of 0.82(-1) and 0...

  20. Comparison between the intravenous and caudal routes of sufentanil in children undergoing orchidopexy and further evaluation of the association of caudal adrenaline and neostigmine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Rocha Lauretti

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The aim of this study was to compare the intravenous (IV and caudal routes of administration of sufentanil for children undergoing orchidopexy and also to evaluate the effects on addition of caudal adrenaline and neostigmine. Materials and Methods: Sixty patients scheduled for orchidopexy were divided into the following groups: 1 Group IVSu received IV 0.5 μg/kg sufentanil and caudal saline; 2 Group CSu received caudal 0.5 μg/kg sufentanil and IV saline; 3 Group CSuAdr received caudal sufentanil plus adrenaline 5 μg/ml (1:200,000 and IV saline; 4 Group CSuNeo received caudal sufentanil plus neostigmine, and IV saline; and 5 Group CSuNeoAdr received caudal sufentanil plus neostigmine plus adrenaline, and IV saline. Heart rate and mean blood pressure >15% was treated with increasing isoflurane concentration. Consumption of isoflurane, side effects, quality of sleep, time to first administration of analgesic, and number of doses of 24-h rescue analgesic were recorded. Results: Groups were demographically similar. Isoflurane consumption showed the following association: Group IVSu = Group CSuNeo = Group CSuNeoAdr Group CSuNeo = Group CSuNeoAdr (P < 0.005. Incidence of adverse effects was similar among groups. Conclusion: Caudal sufentanil alone was no better than when administered in the IV route, and would just be justified by the association of neostigmine, but not adrenaline. Neostigmine association resulted in better perioperative analgesia.

  1. Resting venous plasma adrenalin in 70-year-old men correlated positively to survival in a population study: the significance of the physical working capacity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Niels Juel; Schultz-Larsen, K

    1994-01-01

    OBJECTIVE. The aim of the study was to evaluate plasma noradrenaline (NA) and plasma adrenalin (A) as predictors of mortality in a population study. SUBJECTS. All subjects were 70 years of age in 1984. They were selected from the National Person Register. Altogether, 804 subjects participated...

  2. Simultaneous determination of the content of serotonin, dopamine, noradrenaline and adrenaline in pancreatic islets isolated from fed and starved mice

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A highly sensitive double isotope method for the simultaneous determination of serotonin, dopamine, noradrenaline and adrenaline has been developed. Advantages and limitations of the method are discussed. The mentioned biogenic amines are all present in isolated pancreatic islet tissue from albino mice in concentrations ranging from approximately 5-30 μmol per kg wet weight (0.8-5 x 10-3 pmol/ng DNA). A somewhat higher content of these amines, especially dopamine, was found in pancreatic acinar tissue. The hypothesis that the impaired glucose-induced insulin secretion during starvation partly is caused by an increased content of biogenic amines in the pancreatic islets was not supported by our experiments which showed an unchanged islet content of these amines after 48 h starvation. (author)

  3. Short-term effect of adrenalin on S-100b and N-CAM level in the different rat brain areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. P. Kovalchuk

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The level of adrenalin grows under stress conditions, sense of danger, anxiety, fear, trauma, burns and shock. In high concentrations adrenaline increases the speed of protein catabolism. Working through the circulatory system, adrenaline affects almost all the functions of organs, causing the body mobilization to counter stressful situations. Due to ELISA the astrocytes-specific protein (S-100b and neural cell adhesion molecule (N-CAM were studied. S-100b is produced mainly by astrocytes іn the brain and depending on the concentration it causes trophic or toxic effect on the neurons and glial cells.Strong stress and ischemia induce re-distribution of calcium-binding protein S-100b and elevation of its level. Quantitative changes of S-100b under the influence of various factors on the body which lead to the metabolic disorder in the brain are considered today as a sign of brain damage (cortical, ischemic one, etc.. Fluctuations in the concentration of S-100b in the brain are not always accompanied by marked deterioration of the physical condition of animals, but they can also lead to a number of violations of integrative functions of the brain depending on over-production of this protein. Most N-CAM are transmembrane proteins that cross the plasma membraneonce; intracellular domains have different size and it is thought they are involved in binding to cytoskeleton or cell signaling. Violation of N-CAM functions leads to disruption of nerve sprouts. Data obtained in our study showed no serious re-distribution of S-100b and N-CAM level in the different areas of rat brain (cerebral cortex, hippocampus and thalamus under effect of adrenalin administered to the animals (under skin in dosage of 0.45–0.60 mg per rat, 1 time per day during 10 days, probably because of the type of injection and/or short time of adrenalin action. Increased dosage of adrenaline 1 hour before decapitation leads to the decrease of level of total protein in membrane

  4. THE EVOLUTION RESEARCH OF THE ELECTROCHEMICAL REACTION OF ADRENALINE%肾上腺素电氧化反应的研究进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭道军; 郁章玉; 王育华; 周峰岩; 宋方立

    2001-01-01

    肾上腺素的电氧化反应是生物电化学研究的重要内容. 该文对肾上腺素电子转移性质和反应机理以及影响因素进行了讨论,综述了肾上腺素电氧化反应研究的进展情况,提出了进一步研究的发展趋势.%Electrochemical oxidation of adrenaline is an important research content in bioelectrochemistry. The electron transfer properties , reaction mechanism and a few influential factors have been discussed. The evolution research of adrenaline is reviewed, and the developmental tends are pointed out in the paper.

  5. L-Asparaginaz Allerjisi Sürekli Adrenalin ?nfüzyonu E?li?inde Yapılan Desensitizasyonla A??labilir miş

    OpenAIRE

    2, Semra KARA; 1, Nurullah ÇEL?K; 2, Ömer CEV?T; 2, Hayri B. TOKSOY 2 Dilara ?ÇA?ASIO?LU

    2010-01-01

    ABSTRACT May L-asparaginase allergies be removed by desen-sitization with continous adrenaline infusion? The allergic reactions related to chemotherapeutic drugs represent a very significiant problem in clinical practice as all these antineoplastic drugs must be used in a phase associated schedule. L-asparaginase is an anti-neoplastic drug in which hypersensitivity reactions can be seen commonly. It is estimated that hyper-sensitivity reactions may occur in 5-35% and life threatening a...

  6. Beta-adrenoceptor blockade and psychic stress in man. A comparison of the acute effects of labetalol, metoprolol, pindolol and propranolol on plasma levels of adrenaline and noradrenaline.

    OpenAIRE

    Trap-Jensen, J; Carlsen, J E; Hartling, O J; Svendsen, T L; Tangø, M; Christensen, N J

    1982-01-01

    1 A random double-blind study was performed in healthy volunteers. The immediate effects of three different beta-adrenoceptor blocking agents, metoprolol, pindolol and propranolol, on the plasma concentrations of adrenaline and noradrenaline were compared in a situation of pleasant psychic stimulation during a television-game of tennis. The immediate effects of labetalol in a group of patients with arterial hypertension were studied in a similar experimental situation. 2 During psychic stress...

  7. COMPARISON OF GLYCEMIC EFFECT OF ADRENALIN CONTAINING LOCAL ANESTHETIC IN DIABETIC AND NON-DIABETIC PATIENTS UNDERGOING MINOR ORAL SURGICAL PROCEDURE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pradeep

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available AIM To compare the changes in blood glucose level associated with administration of adrenaline containing local anesthetic in diabetic and non-diabetic patients undergoing minor oral surgical procedures. METHODS AND MATERIAL The study included 150 well controlled diabetic patients and 150 non-diabetic healthy patients in age group of 40-60 years who underwent minor oral surgical procedures (trans alveolar extractions, alveoplasty and flap surgeries. Patients in both the group were administered 1.8ml of local anesthetic agent containing 1:100,000 adrenaline for inferior alveolar nerve block and 0.2 ml of anesthetic agent for long buccal nerve block. Blood glucose levels were assessed and compared during pre-operative and one hour post-operative period. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS The comparison of the random blood sugar levels preop and postop in both the groups were compared using paired t test and RBS levels between two groups were analysed using unpaired t test. P value less than 0.05 was considered statistically significant. RESULTS No statistically significant change in post-operative blood glucose level was noted between the diabetic and non-diabetic patients. CONCLUSION The study concluded that it is safe to administer local anesthetic containing 1:100,000 adrenaline in smaller volumes to well controlled diabetic patients.

  8. Anesthetic efficacy of the supplemental X-tip intraosseous injection using 4% articaine with 1:100,000 adrenaline in patients with irreversible pulpitis: An in vivo study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Atool Chandra Bhuyan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Pain management remains the utmost important qualifying criteria in minimizing patient agony and establishing a strong dentist-patient rapport. Symptomatic irreversible pulpitis is a painful condition necessitating immediate attention and supplemental anesthetic techniques are often resorted to in addition to conventional inferior alveolar nerve block. Aim: The purpose of the study was to evaluate the anesthetic efficacy of X-tip intraosseous injection in patients with symptomatic irreversible pulpitis, in mandibular posterior teeth, using 4% Articaine with 1:100,000 adrenaline as local anesthetic, when the conventional inferior alveolar nerve block proved ineffective. Materials and Methods: X-tip system was used to administer 1.7 ml of 4% articaine with 1:100,000 adrenaline in 30 patients diagnosed with irreversible pulpitis of mandibular posterior teeth with moderate to severe pain on endodontic access after administration of an inferior alveolar nerve block. Results: The results of the study showed that 25 X-tip injections (83.33% were successful and 5 X-tip injections (16.66% were unsuccessful. Conclusion: When the inferior alveolar nerve block fails to provide adequate pulpal anesthesia, X-tip system using 4% articaine with 1:100,000 adrenaline was successful in achieving pulpal anesthesia in patients with irreversible pulpitis.

  9. Electrochemistry behavior of adrenalin, serotonin and ascorbic acid at novel poly rutin modified paraffin-impregnated graphite electrode

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jin, Guan-Ping [School of Chemical Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Department of Application Chemistry, Hefei 230009 (China)]. E-mail: jgp@hfut.edu.cn; Chen, Qun-Zhi [School of Chemical Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Department of Application Chemistry, Hefei 230009 (China); Ding, Yan-Feng [School of Chemical Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Department of Application Chemistry, Hefei 230009 (China); He, Jian-Bo [School of Chemical Engineering, Hefei University of Technology, Department of Application Chemistry, Hefei 230009 (China)

    2007-02-01

    A novel poly rutin (Ru) modified paraffin-impregnated graphite electrode (WGE) was fabricated by electrochemical method. The field emission scanning electron microscope (FE-SEM), infrared spectra (IR), in situ UV-spectroelectrochemical and electrochemical techniques proved the immobilization of rutin on WGE. Ru undergoes electrochemical oxidation in two ways related to the two catechol hydroxyl groups and the other two hydroxyl groups; the former not only carries out a two-electron two-proton reversible reaction, but also produces unstable phenoxy radicals which readily polymerize to strongly adhere to WGE surface companying Ru monomer embeded and adsorbed in the film (Ru/WGE). The Ru/WGE displayed strong catalytic function for the oxidation of adrenalin (EP), serotonin (5-HT), and ascorbic acid (AA) and resolved the overlap voltammetric response of EP and AA into two well-defined voltammetric peaks of about 172 mV with DPV. A linear response in the range of 3.0-90.0 {mu}M with detection limit (s/n = 3) of 8.0 x 10{sup -7} M for EP was obtained in coexistence of AA (0.01 mM)

  10. Determination of adrenaline by enzymatic catalytic spectrophotometry%酶催化动力学光度法测定肾上腺素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈亚红; 田丰收

    2009-01-01

    基于肾上腺素对血红蛋白酶催化体系的抑制作用, 建立了酶催化动力学光度法测定肾上腺素的新方法. 实验研究了体系的最佳条件及动力学行为, 测定的线性范围为4.5×10-7~1.4×10-5 mol/L, 方法检出限为5.2×10-8 mol/L. 对浓度为9.0×10-6 mol/L的肾上腺素进行11次平行测定的相对标准偏差为3.5%. 此方法可用于药剂中肾上腺素含量的测定.%A high sensitive and simple spectrophotometric method for the determination of adrenaline based on the inhibition of hemoglobin for the oxidation of H2O2 with acid chrome blue K was developed. The percentage inhibition (I%) of system is calculated under the optimal experimental conditions. The calibration curve is linear in the range of 4.5×10-7~1.4×10-5 mol/L with the detection limit of 5.2×10-8 mol/L. The relative standard deviation of this method is 3.5% for 11 determinations of 9.0×10-6 mol/L adrenaline. This method can be used for the determination of adrenaline in pharmaceuticals with satisfactory results.

  11. Role of ion conductance changes and of the sodium-pump in adrenaline-induced hyperpolarization of rat diaphragm muscle fibres.

    OpenAIRE

    Kuba, K.; Nohmi, M.

    1987-01-01

    The ionic mechanism of membrane hyperpolarization induced by adrenaline in rat diaphragm muscle fibres was studied. Removal of the extracellular K+ ([K+]o) from Krebs-Ringer solution initially increased the resting membrane potential and then caused an increase in the intracellular Na+ activity ([Na+]i) and a decrease in the intracellular K+ activity ([K+]i). All the changes were maintained for more than 3 h. Application of ouabain (0.1 mM) or lowering the temperature rapidly reduced the rest...

  12. High arterial compliance in cirrhosis is related to low adrenaline and elevated circulating calcitonin gene related peptide but not to activated vasoconstrictor systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Jens Henrik; Møller, Søren; Schifter, S;

    2001-01-01

    catecholamines, renin activity, endothelin-1, and calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP) at baseline and during oxygen inhalation. RESULTS: COMP(art) was significantly increased in cirrhotic patients compared with controls (1.32 v 1.06 ml/mm Hg; padrenaline levels (r=-0.......001) and central circulation time (r=-0.49; padrenaline (-16%; p... to COMP(art) disappeared. The relation of COMP(art) to CGRP and circulatory variables remained unchanged. CONCLUSION: Elevated arterial compliance in cirrhosis is related to low adrenaline, high CGRP, and systemic hyperdynamics but not to indicators of the activated vasoconstrictor systems (noradrenaline...

  13. Comparison of use and role of adrenaline and amiodarone in cardiac arrest:Case of emergency center in Kosovo

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Basri Lenjani; Nehat Baftiu; Ilaz Bunjaku; Kadir Hyseni; Arianit Jakupi

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To investigate application of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) measures within the golden minutes in Europe. Methods: The collected data belong to the patients with cardiac arrest that have been recorded in patients’ protocol logbook at the Emergency Clinic. During the 2010-2011 in the Emergency Center of the CUCK in Prishtina have been treated a total of 269 patients with cardiac arrest, of whom 159 or 59.1% have been treated in 2010, and 110 patients or 40.9% in 2011. Cardiac arrest cases were present during all days of the week, but most frequently cases have been reported on Monday with 32.0% of cases, and on Friday with 24.5% of cases. All patients with cardiac arrest have been treated with physiological solution. Results: In 245 or 91.1% patients adrenaline has been applied; in 64 or 23.8% amiodarone has been applied; in 12 or 4.5% cases atropine has been applied, 11 or 4.1% of cases were treated with NaHCO3; 7 or 2.6% of cases were treated with lidocaine; and 6 or 2.2% of cases were treated with dopamine. All survivors from cardiac arrest have received appropriate medical assistance within 10 minutes from attack, which implies that if cardiac arrest occurs near an health care institution (with an opportunity to provide the emergent health care) the rate of survival is higher. Conclusions: Anti-arrhythmic drugs as with vasopressors, the evidence that anti-arrhythmic drugs are of benefit in cardiac is limited. No anti-arrhythmic drug given during human cardiac arrest has been shown to increase survival to hospital discharge, although amiodarone has been shown to increase survival to hospital admission after shock-refractory VF/VT. There are no data on the use of amiodarone for shock-refractory VF/VT when single shocks are used. Despite the lack of human long-term outcome data, the balance of evidence is in favour of the use of some anti-arrhythmic drugs for the management of arrhythmias in cardiac arrest.

  14. Accumulation of radioactivity after repeated infusion of 3H-adrenaline and 3H-noradrenaline in the rat as a model animal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lepschy, M; Filip, T; Palme, R G

    2014-10-01

    Besides enzymatic inactivation, catecholamines bind non-enzymatically and irreversible to proteins. The physiological impact of these catecholamine adducts is still unclear. We therefore collected basic data about the distribution of catecholamine adducts in the rat after repeated intravenous administration of (3)H-adrenaline and (3)H-noradrenaline. In all animals radioactivity in blood increased until the last injection on Day 7 and decreased then slowly close to background values (plasma) or remained higher (erythrocytes). In all sampled tissues radioactivity could be found, but only in hair high amounts remained present even after 3 weeks. Half-life of rat serum albumin loaded with (3)H-adrenaline or (3)H-noradrenaline was not altered. This study provides basic knowledge about the distribution of catecholamines or their adducts, but physiological effects could not be demonstrated. However, for the first time deposition and accumulation of catecholamines (adducts) in the hair could be proven, suggesting that hair might be used for evaluating long term stress.

  15. High arterial compliance in cirrhosis is related to low adrenaline and elevated circulating calcitonin gene related peptide but not to activated vasoconstrictor systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl; Møller, S; Schifter, S;

    2001-01-01

    catecholamines, renin activity, endothelin-1, and calcitonin gene related peptide (CGRP) at baseline and during oxygen inhalation. RESULTS: COMP(art) was significantly increased in cirrhotic patients compared with controls (1.32 v 1.06 ml/mm Hg; p< 0.05) and inversely related to plasma adrenaline levels (r=-0.......53; p<0.02) but positively related to circulating levels of CGRP (r=0.58; p<0.01). No significant relation was found for plasma noradrenaline, renin activity, or endothelin-1. COMP(art) was positively related to plasma volume (r=0.50; p<0.02) and inversely to systemic vascular resistance (r=-0.69; p<0.......001) and central circulation time (r=-0.49; p<0.02). During oxygen inhalation, COMP(art) decreased (-13%; p<0.005) and systemic vascular resistance increased (+10%; p<0.001) towards normal values without significant changes in mean arterial pressure. Plasma adrenaline (-16%; p<0.01) decreased and the...

  16. Optimization of (R)-adrenaline high producing strain fermentation medium%(R)-肾上腺素高产菌株发酵培养基的优化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈必钦; 杨凯; 陈倍; 阮文兵; 许小平

    2009-01-01

    为了充分发挥出突变株的高转化活性及其优良特性,采用响应面试验设计方法优化(R)-肾上腺素高产菌株Kocuria rhizophila(K.rhizophila).H5401的发酵培养基.用Plackett-Burman设计法研究初始发酵培养基中各成分对(R)-肾上腺素产率的影响,筛选出有显著效应的3个因素:甘油、蛋白胨和NH4H2PO4.利用最陡爬坡法逼近最大响应区域.通过Box-Behnken中心组合实验和响应面分析方法确定出3个主要影响因素的最佳浓度.实验结果经过回归分析拟合出1个2次方程,用其预报的最优培养基做摇瓶发酵试验,(R)-肾上腺素产率达61.07%,比优化前提高了24.89%,表明响应面试验设计优化方法有效提高了(R)-肾上腺素的产量,降低了生产成本,为后续放大实验提供依据.%Aiming at increasing the rate of production, the fermentation medium of Kocuria rhizophila(K. rhizophila). H5401 highly producing (R)-adrenaline was optimized by using response surface analyzing method(RSAM). In the first step of optimization, the im-pact of initial medium constituents on (R)-adrenaline production was studied by Plackett-Burman design. Glycerol, Peptone and NH4H2PO4 were found to be the important factors affecting (R) -adrenaline production significantly. In our work, the greatest response area was estimated by the design of steepest ascent approach. Box-Behnken central composite design and RSAM were applied to deter-mine the optimal concentration of each significant variable. The quadratic model established by regression analysis facilitated the pre-diction of the optimum medium composition for the fermentation process, and the results of the experiment were in agreement with our proposed model. (R)-adrenaline yield with ultimate value 61.07% was observed after the optimization carried out according to RSAM design, which was increased by 24. 89% in the original medium. The optimized condition allowed (R)-adrenaline production to in

  17. Uso tópico da adrenalina em diferentes concentrações na cirurgia endoscópica nasal Topical use of adrenaline in different concentrations for endoscopic sinus surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krishnamurti Matos de Araujo Sarmento Junior

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available A concentração ideal de adrenalina tópica a promover hemostasia adequada sem toxicidade ainda é motivo de controvérsia. OBJETIVO: Comparar soluções tópicas de adrenalina em diferentes concentrações. DESENHO DO ESTUDO: Prospectivo, duplo-cego, seleção aleatória. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: 49 pacientes submetidos à cirurgia endoscópica nasal, divididos em 3 grupos usando exclusivamente adrenalina tópica, nas concentrações de 1:2000, 1:10.000 e 1:50.000. Comparou-se o tempo operatório, o sangramento, as concentrações plasmáticas de adrenalina e noradrenalina e a variação dos parâmetros cardiovasculares. RESULTADOS: O tempo operatório por procedimento foi menor no grupo que utilizou adrenalina 1:2000, assim como o sangramento (p The ideal adrenaline concentration remains unknown. AIM: Compare topical adrenaline solutions in different concentrations. STUDY DESIGN: Prospective, double blind, randomized trial. PATIENTS AND METHODS: 49 patients divided in 3 groups underwent endoscopic sinus surgery, using only topical solutions of adrenaline in different concentrations (1:2,000, 1:10,000 and 1:50,000. We compared the duration of surgery, intra-operative bleeding, plasmatic levels of catecholamines, hemodynamic parameters and changes in heart rhythm. RESULTS: Surgery time was shorter in the group using adrenaline 1:2,000, which also showed less bleeding in all evaluations (objective and subjective - p < 0.0001. Plasmatic levels of epinephrine rose in all groups, more sharply in the 1:2,000 group. There was a trend towards elevation of blood pressure in the groups using adrenaline 1:2,000 and 1:10,000, with a greater occurrence of hypertensive peaks. DISCUSSION: We found a very significance bleeding difference favoring the 1:2,000. The blood pressure elevation in the 1:2,000 and 1:10,000 groups was progressive but very slow throughout the procedure, which could be associated with the anesthesia technique. CONCLUSION: We favor the use

  18. Are adrenaline autoinjectors fit for purpose? A pilot study of the mechanical and injection performance characteristics of a cartridge- versus a syringe-based autoinjector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas Schwirtz

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Andreas Schwirtz, Harald SeegerPharma Consult GmbH, Vienna, AustriaBackground: Adrenaline autoinjectors (AAIs are prescribed to facilitate the intramuscular administration of adrenaline in patients diagnosed with life-threatening anaphylaxis. This pilot study investigated the injection and functional properties of two AAIs (deploying different delivery systems under standard conditions, after dynamic and mechanical stresses, and in the presence of denim.Methods: The differences between a cartridge-based AAI (EpiPen® Junior and a syringe-based AAI (Anapen® Junior were assessed using three sets of tests. Test 1: under standard conditions, the injection depth and dose were measured in ballistic gelatine (a validated tissue simulant. Test 2: before the safety cap removal and activation forces were measured, AAIs were subjected to either of two preconditioning tests: 1 free-fall drop test; or 2 static load (ie, 400 N, equivalent to 40 kg weight test; or 3 no preconditioning. Test 3: under standard conditions, injection properties into ballistic gelatine in the presence and absence of denim were investigated. Statistical analyses were performed using the Student’s t-test or Welch’s test.Results: The maximum depth of delivery was significantly greater with cartridge AAI (n = 4, mean 21.09 ± 2.54 mm than with syringe AAI (n = 5; mean 11.64 ± 0.80 mm; P = 0.003. After 2.5 seconds, cartridge AAI (n = 4 discharged significantly more dose than syringe AAI (n = 3; 74.3% versus 25.7% of total dose; P = 0.001. Both cartridge and syringe AAI withstood the free-fall drop test, but almost all devices failed to activate following the static load test. Under standard conditions, significantly less force was required to remove the safety cap of cartridge AAI than syringe AAI (both n = 15; mean 9.56 ± 2.36 N versus 20.23 ± 6.61 N, respectively; P < 0.001, but a significantly greater activation force was required for cartridge AAI than syringe AAI (mean 23

  19. Comparison of dexamethasone and clonidine as an adjuvant to 1.5% lignocaine with adrenaline in infraclavicular brachial plexus block for upper limb surgeries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dipal Mahendra Shah

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and Aims: The role of clonidine as an adjuvant to regional blocks to hasten the onset of the local anesthetics or prolong their duration of action is proven. The efficacy of dexamethasone compared to clonidine as an adjuvant is not known. We aimed to compare the efficacy of dexamethasone versus clonidine as an adjuvant to 1.5% lignocaine with adrenaline in infraclavicular brachial plexus block for upper limb surgeries. Material and Methods: Fifty three American Society of Anaesthesiologists-I and II patients aged 18-60 years scheduled for upper limb surgery were randomized to three groups to receive 1.5% lignocaine with 1:200,000 adrenaline and the study drugs. Group S (n = 13 received normal saline, group D (n = 20 received dexamethasone and group C (n = 20 received clonidine. The time to onset and peak effect, duration of the block (sensory and motor and postoperative analgesia requirement were recorded. Chi-square and ANOVA test were used for categorical and continuous variables respectively and Bonferroni or post-hoc test for multiple comparisons. P < 0.05 was considered significant. Results: The three groups were comparable in terms of time to onset and peak action of motor and sensory block, postoperative analgesic requirements and pain scores. 90% of the blocks were successful in group C compared to only 60% in group D (P = 0.028. The duration of sensory and motor block in group S, D and C were 217.73 ± 61.41 min, 335.83 ± 97.18 min and 304.72 ± 139.79 min and 205.91 ± 70.1 min, 289.58 ± 78.37 min and 232.5 ± 74.2 min respectively. There was significant prolongation of sensory and motor block in group D as compared to group S (P < 0.5. Time to first analgesic requirement was significantly more in groups C and D as compared with group S (P < 0.5. Clinically significant complications were absent. Conclusions: We conclude that clonidine is more efficacious than dexamethasone as an adjuvant to 1.5% lignocaine in brachial

  20. Kinetic Studies on Electrochemical Oxidation of Adrenaline to Adrenochrome%肾上腺素电氧化生成肾上腺素红的反应动力学研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张占军; 李经建; 吴锡尊; 张文智; 蔡生民

    2001-01-01

    The kinetic characteristics of the electrochemical oxidation of Adrenaline to adrenochrome was studied by UV-Vis Spectroscopy.The measurements showed that the electrooxidation of adrenaline to adrenochrome was typical of the first order reaction and the average apparent rate constant is 1.921×10-4s-1.%以紫外-可见分光光度法为主要手段,研究了肾上腺素电氧化生成肾上腺素红的反应动力学特征。研究结果表明:该反应具有一级反应的动力学特征,且反应的表观反应速率常数的平均值为1.921×10-4s-1。

  1. 含肾上腺素的肿胀麻醉技术在袖套式包皮环切术中的应用%Application of tumescent anesthesia with adrenaline for sleeve circumcision

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施问国; 牟北平; 郑玉林; 李罡; 高炎

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨含肾上腺素的肿胀麻醉技术在袖套式包皮环切术中的安全性和有效性.方法:应用含肾上腺素30μg、利多卡因60mg共6ml肿胀液行肿胀麻醉,对170例受术者实施袖套式包皮环切术.结果:所有受术者麻醉满意,麻醉维持4~7h.术中皮下小动脉、小静脉痉挛,切断的小血管断端无流血,术后无反应性出血,皮肤无坏死,切口一期愈合.结论:袖套式包皮环切术时含肾上腺素30μg的肿胀麻醉方法是一种安全,简单和有效的麻醉方法.%Objective To explore the safety and efficacy of tumescent anesthesia with adrenaline for sleeve circumcision. Methods 170 cases of sleeve circumcision were performed under 6ml of tumescent anesthesia solution containing adrenaline 30μg and lidocaine 60mg. Results Satisfactory anesthesia results were obtained in all cases.Intraoperative subcutaneous arterioles and venules are in spasm and cut without bloodshed. Incisions were all healed in one stage with no infection, no delayed haemorrage and no adrenaline-induced skin necrosis. Conclusions The tumescent anesthesia with adrenaline 30μg is safe, simple and effective for sleeve circumcision.

  2. A Sensitive Simultaneous Determination of Adrenalin and Paracetamol on a Glassy Carbon Electrode Coated with a Film of Chitosan/Room Temperature Ionic Liquid/Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Nanocomposite%A Sensitive Simultaneous Determination of Adrenalin and Paracetamol on a Glassy Carbon Electrode Coated with a Film of Chitosan/Room Temperature Ionic Liquid/Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes Nanocomposite

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Babaei, Ali; Babazadeh, Mitra; Afrasiabi, Mohammad

    2011-01-01

    The present work demonstrates that simultaneous determination of adrenalin (AD) and paracetamol (PAR) can be performed on single-walled carbon nanotube/chitosan/ionic liquid modified glassy carbon electrode (SWCNT-CHIT-IL/GCE). The electro-oxidations of AD and PAR were investigated with cyclic voltammetry (CV), differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) and also chronoamperometry (CA) methods. DPV experiments showed that the oxidation peak currents of AD and PAR are proportional to the corresponding concentrations over the 1-580 μmol/L and 0.5-400 μmol/L ranges, respectively. The RSD at a concentration level of 15 μmol/L AD and 15 μmol/L PAR were 1.69% and 1.82%, respectively. Finally the modified electrode was used for simultaneous determination of AD and PAR in real samples with satisfactory results.

  3. Fast-scan Cyclic Voltammetry Study of Electrooxidation of Adrenaline%肾上腺素电氧化过程的快速扫描循环伏安研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张占军; 李经建; 吴锡尊; 张文智; 蔡生民

    2001-01-01

    The mechanism of the electrochemical oxidation of adrenaline was studied using fast-scan cyclic voltammetry as a major means.In 1 mol· dm- 3 H2SO4,the electrooxidation of adrenaline showed the elementary characteristics of diffusion and were companied by the weak adsorption of electroactive species.In the case of fast-scan test,the electrooxidation of adrenaline was considered to obey EC(electron transfer-chemical reaction) mechanism..When the concentration of adrenaline was below 1.00× 10- 3 mol· dm- 3,the characteristics of adsorption was easily detected.And the characteristics of adsorption became more evident as the concentration of adrenaline was decreased or the potential scan rate was increased.The transfer coefficient α and the rate constant of the electrochemical reaction ks were calculated as 0.264 and 31.81 s- 1 respectively.%以快速循环伏安法为主要手段,研究了肾上腺素电化学氧化反应机理 .肾上腺素在 1 mol· dm- 3 H2SO4中的电化学氧化反应,具有扩散控制的基本特征,并伴随着电活性质粒的弱吸附现象 .在快速电势扫描条件下,肾上腺素电氧化过程遵从 EC反应机理 .当肾上腺素浓度低于 1.00× 10- 3 mol· dm- 3时,吸附现象的特征趋于显现出来 ;在快速电势扫描速率下,电活性质粒吸附的特征更加明显 .结合表面伏安法分析,估算了肾上腺素电氧化过程的传递系数α =0.264.电化学反应速率常数 ks=31.81 s- 1.

  4. Study on Adrenaline Combined with Articaine Therapy Effect in Treatment of Endodontic%肾上腺素联合阿替卡因治疗牙髓病的效果研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏凤霞

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨肾上腺素联合阿替卡因治疗牙髓病的效果研究。方法选取2013年11月到2014年11月我院接诊的39例牙髓病患者,按照入院的先后顺序分为两组,实验组20例和对照组19例,实验组采用肾上腺素联合阿替卡因,对照组采用肾上腺素联合利多卡因,观察两组患者的麻醉效果。结果实验组患者的麻醉起效时间、麻醉效果、术中疼痛评分、面部表情评分明显优于对照组,差异显著,有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论肾上腺素联合阿替卡因治疗牙髓病的效果显著,可有效提高患者的麻醉效果,缩短麻醉时间,降低疼痛,值得临床推广。%Objective To explore adrenaline combined with articaine treatment effect in treatment of endodontic. Methods Choose 39 endodontic patients who are treated in hospital from November 2013 to November 2014 and separate them into two groups according to their hospitalization sequence with 20 patients in study group and 19 patients in control group;patients in study group are given adrenaline combined with articaine treatment;while patients in control group are given adrenaline combined with lidocaine treatment and then compare anesthesia effect between two groups. Results The result shows that anesthesia taking-effect time,anesthesia efficacy and score of patients’operation pain as wel as their facial expression much more favorable than counterparts in control group; there is a differential between two groups and such a differential has statistic value(P<0.05). Conclusion adrenaline combined with articaine treatment is of efficacy in treatment of endodontic;it is conducive to increasing anesthesia efficacy,shortening anesthesia taking-effect time and reducing patients’pain,thus such a treatment method is rather worthwhile to be promoted clinical y.

  5. Adrenaline antagonizes proarrhythmic effect induced by Shuanghuanglian Injection%肾上腺素对抗双黄连中药注射剂所致心律失常

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘磊; 李雪华; 王伟; 罗卓卡; 陈可塑; 王中越; 陈龙

    2014-01-01

    made to analyze effects of jugular intravenous (iv)injection of SHL alone and SHL plus adrenaline on ECG in guinea pigs.SHL and/or adrenaline were injected accumulatively in this order:SHL 276 mg·kg -1→2760 mg·kg -1→adrenaline 0.0078 mg·kg -1→adrenaline 0.039 mg·kg -1 .② In vitro ECG recording was made to analyze effects of SHL and SHL plus adrenaline on ECG in isola-ted hearts of guinea pigs.SHL and/or adrenaline were perfused in this order:SHL 0.3 g·L-1→SHL 1 .5 g·L-1→SHL 1 .5 g·L-1 +Adr 0.42 mg·L-1→SHL 1 .5 g·L-1→control perfusion solution.③ Single ventricular myocyte action potential was recorded to analyze the effect of SHL alone and SHL plus adren-aline on the action potential durations at 50% (APD50 )and 90% (APD90 )repolarization levels.SHL alone was perfused in such order:SHL 0.3 g·L-1 →SHL 1 .5 g·L-1 →SHL 3 g·L-1 +adrenaline 0.83 mg·L-1 .RESULTS ①SHL (2760 mg·kg -1 )significantly reduced heart rate and prolonged QRS and QTc intervals in vivo ECG.Adrenaline (0.0078 mg·kg -1 and 0.039 mg·kg -1 )significantly amelio-rated the proarrhyth mia of SHL by shortening QTc,P-R intervals and increasing heart rate.② SHL (1 .5 g·L-1 )remarkably reduced heart rate and prolonged P-R interval in isolated guinea pig hearts in vitro.Adrenaline (0.42 mg·L-1 )significantly increased heart rate and shortened the QTc interval.③ SHL (3 g·L-1 )remarkably prolonged the APD50 and APD90.Adrenaline abolished the prolonged effectofSHLonAPD50APD90.CONCLUSION Adrenalinemightbeclinicallyusedtotreatsevere adverse drug reactions induced by SHL based on its antagonistic effect on arrhythmia.

  6. Effects of Electroacupuncture on Adrenalin and Noradrenalin Levels of Acute Hypertension Rats%电针对急性高血压大鼠肾上腺素和去甲肾上腺素的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    霍则军; 姚海江; 张莉; 李志刚

    2012-01-01

    目的 观察电针对急性高血压大鼠的降压作用.方法 36只Wistar雄性大鼠随机分为对照组(n=8)、模型组(n=8)、药物组(n=10)和电针组(n=10).应用肾上腺素法制备急性高血压大鼠模型,电针百会和足三里穴,测定电针后各组血压的变化以及血清肾上腺素和去甲肾上腺素的变化.结果 药物组和电针组大鼠收缩压和舒张压均低于模型组(P0.05).模型组血清肾上腺素和去甲肾上腺素水平高于对照组(P0.05). The adrenalin and noradrenalin levels were higher in the model group than in the control group (P<0.05), but they were lower in the drug group and the electroacupuncture group than in the model group (P<0.05). Conclusion The electroacupuncture could reduce the blood pressure of acute hypertension rats by decreasing blood adrenalin and noradrenalin levels.

  7. The immunization effect of adrenalin hydrochloride injection mixed with swine aftosa vaccine%盐酸肾上腺素注射液混入猪口蹄疫苗对猪的免疫影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐维

    2012-01-01

    Pigs often have strong emergency reactions, when they were immunized aftosa vaccine. At present, in order to decrease the immune emergency reactions of pigs, someone mixed adrenalin hydrochloride injection into swine aftosa vaccine. They believed it could decrease emergency reactions of pigs. For this reason, we took an experiment to compare the difference between swine aftosa vaccine within and without adrenalin hydrochloride injection. Finally, we got some results, maybe it could provide some references for our actual work.%猪口蹄疫苗在免疫接种时.应激反应较强。目前,有些地方为了减少免疫应激反应,在免疫接种口蹄疫苗时加入盐酸肾上腺素注射液,据说能减少应激反应。为此,笔者做了一个将盐酸肾上腺素注射液混入猪口蹄疫苗再免疫接种的对比试验,得出了一些结果,可供大家在实际工作中参考。

  8. 心脏骤停患者实施静注大剂量肾上腺素抢救的效果分析%Analysis of the Effect of Intravenous Injection of High Dose of Adrenaline for the Treatment of Patients with Sudden Cardiac Arrest

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭春晖

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical therapeutic effect of intravenous injection of high dose of adrenaline for the treat-ment of patients with sudden cardiac arrest. Methods The clinical data of 146 cases with sudden cardiac arrest treated by intra-venous injection of adrenaline in our hospital from April 2013 to April 2014 were analyzed retrospectively. According to the used dose of adrenaline, the patients were grouped, 79 cases with high dose of adrenaline, 67 cases with conventional dose of adrenaline were selected as the experimental group and the control group, respectively. And the success rate of cardiopulmonary resuscitation of the two groups was compared and analyzed. Results The success rate of cardiopulmonary resuscitation in the experimental group was significantly higher than that in the control group, there was significant difference between the groups (P<0.01). Conclusion Intravenous injection of high dose of adrenaline for patients with sudden cardiac arrest can achieve higher success rate of car-diopulmonary resuscitation, which is worthy of clinical application and promotion.%目的:探讨心脏骤停患者实施静注大剂量肾上腺素抢救的临床治疗效果。方法回顾性分析2013年4月-2014年4月入该院利用静脉注射肾上腺素抢救的心脏骤停患者146例的临床资料,依据肾上腺素使用剂量分组,大剂量79例纳入实验组,常规剂量67例纳入对照组,对两组患者心肺复苏成功率进行比较分析。结果实验组心肺复苏成功率明显高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01)。结论对心脏骤停患者实施静注大剂量肾上腺素抢救具有较高的心肺复苏成功率,值得在临床使用推广。

  9. Effects of vasopressin and adrenaline on cerebral resuscitation in rats undergone cardiopulmonary resuscitation%血管加压素与肾上腺素对大鼠脑复苏效果的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨伟伟; 彭鹏

    2011-01-01

    Objective To compare the effects of vasopressin and adrenaline on cerebral resuscitation in rats. Method Sixty male SD rats were used to set the animal model of cardiac arrest and were randomly (random number) divided into 4 groups (n = 15/group): sham operation group (sham-gro), negative control group (neg-gro), vasopressin group (vas-gro) and adrenaline group (adr-gro). Blood pressure was recorded, and brain tissue samples were obtained. Results There was no significant difference in the recovery rate between vas-gro and adr-gro 30 min after resuscitation (P <0.05). The mean blood pressure in vasgro was higher than that in adr-gro within 30 min (1,2, 5, 10, 20, 30 min) after restoration of spontaneous circulation. The measured MDA, SOD and GSH were significantly different (P < 0.05) between each two groups among vas-gro, sham-gro and adr-gro. Conclusions The recovery rate was similar between vasopressin group and adrenaline group during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in rats. However, vasopressin can to maintain the mean arterial pressure at a higher level after resuscitation, which can the increase the cerebral perfusion and reduce brain cell damage.%目的 比较血管加压素与肾上腺素对大鼠脑复苏效果的研究.方法 60只雄性SD大鼠建立心搏骤停模型,随机(随机数字法)分为4组(n=15/组):假手术组(sham operated group,shamgro)、阴性对照组(neg-gro)、血管加压素组(vas-gro)、肾上腺素组(adr-gro).分别记录血压变化,并取大鼠脑组织标本.结果 在复苏30 min后vas-gro与adr-gro复苏成功率差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);在自主循环恢复的30 min内(1,2,5,10,20,30 min)vas-gro的平均动脉压均高于adr-gro;测得MDA,SOD,GSH的量vas-gro,sham-gro,adr-gro互相之间差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 血管加压素与肾上腺素在大鼠心肺复苏过程中成功率相近,但血管加压素能维持复苏后平均动脉压在较高水平,继而会更好的增加脑灌注,减轻脑细胞损伤.

  10. 基于肾上腺切除+自体大网膜移植的雄激素全阻断大鼠模型的建立%Androgen deprivation rat modeling by removing adrenalines and autologous ectopic transplanting

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    徐媛; 尹洪萍; 周威; 金良; 亢晓冬

    2015-01-01

    Objective To establish androgen deprivation rat modeling by removing rat testicles and bilateral adrenalines and autologous ectopic transplanting so as to obtain scientific knowledge for treating prostate cancer .Methods 32 SA rats were randomly divided into four groups , namely, group A, B, C, and D.Treatment for group A included removal of testicles , removal of bilateral adrenal , and transplanting adrenal cortical tissue under autologous epiploon .Treatment for group B included removal rat testicles .Treatment for group C included removal of bilateral adrenalines and implanting adrenal cortical tissue under autologous epiploon .Treatment for group D included sham operation .Findings The prostate of group A atrophied evidently , greater omentum implant survived and regenerated with endocrine function .Conclusion Androgen deprivation by means of removal of testicles and bilateral adrenalines and autologous epiploon transplanting can make an effective method for treating prostate cancer .%目的:建立基于肾上腺切除+自体大网膜移植的雄激素全阻断大鼠模型,为临床上实现真正意义上的雄激素全阻断治疗前列腺癌提供理论和实验依据。方法将32只成年雄性SD大鼠随机分为4组各8只,A组:双侧睾丸切除+双侧肾上腺切除+肾上腺皮质组织块自体大网膜移植;B组:双侧睾丸切除;C组:双侧肾上腺切除+肾上腺皮质组织块自体大网膜移植;D组:假手术组。术后7周检测肾上腺移植体、前列腺生长情况及大网膜(含肾上腺移植体)激素分泌水平。结果术后7周,A、C组大鼠肾上腺皮质组织块在大网膜上存活、再生,在组织形态学上有球状带、网状带、束状带细胞,但细胞排列较不规则。 A组大鼠前列腺大体完全萎缩,组织学上腺泡明显萎缩,腔体皱缩,腺体分泌物减少,B、C组次之。 A组和C组大网膜组织内的皮质醇、皮质酮及醛固酮水平

  11. Effect of Adrenaline on the Growth of Colony form Unitgranulocyte and Macrophage in Murine%肾上腺素影响小鼠粒巨噬系祖细胞生长的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄晓芹; 陶宏凯; 降央泽仁

    2001-01-01

    目的:了解肾上腺素(Adrenaline,Adr)对小鼠粒巨噬系祖细胞的影响.方法:在体外半固体培养的粒-巨噬系集落形成单位(Colony Form Unit-Granulocyte and Macrophage,CFU-GM)中加入不同浓度的Adr后,计数集落数,并与阴性对照组比较.结果:Adr浓度在10-6~10-10mol/ml范围内,CFU-GM集落数与对照组相比,P>0.05;Adr浓度为10-5mol/ml时,P<0.05;Adr浓度为10-4mol/ml时,培养体系中没有CFU-CM形成.结论:高浓度Adr可抑制CFU-GM在体外的生长,儿茶酚胺类物质能参与血发生的调节.

  12. Study of the relationship between adrenalin and absorption of SRF after operation for rhegntogenous retinal detachment%肾上腺素与孔源性视网膜脱离术后视网膜复位的相关性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁玲玲; 王桂云; 左玲

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the relationship between adrenalin and absorption of subretinal fluid (SRF) after operation for rhegatogenous retinal detachment (RRD) in order to direct clinical practice and then improve the success rate of the operation for RRD. Methods Collected 42 RRD cases. Use the kit of 125I-Radioimmunoassay for the quantitative determination of adrenaline in plasma. At the same time, record the absorption time of SRF. Using case control method, analyze the collected data with the SPSS13.0 statistics software. Results The adrenaline concentration of the group A was higher than group B after operation, the difference was significant. In the group A, the adrenaline concentration of male group was higher than female group after operation, and the difference was significant. Conclusions There is dependability between the adrenaline and absorption of SRF after operation for RRD and there is sex differences for this dependability,male is more than female.%目的 探讨血液中的肾上腺素浓度与孔源性视网膜脱离术后复位的相关性,从而对临床实践给与指导,提高孔源性视网膜脱离手术的复位率.方法 收集孔源性视网膜脱离的病例42例,利用放射免疫学的方法,检测血浆中的肾上腺素的浓度,并记录术后视网膜下液吸收的时间,采用病例对照的方法,对所得数据应用spss13.0软件进行统计学分析.结果 术后血浆中肾上腺素浓度A组高于B组,差异具有统计学意义;A组中,男性组血浆中肾上腺素浓度高于女性组,差异具有统计学意义.结论 血液中的肾上腺素与孔源性视网膜脱离术后视网膜下液的吸收具有相关性,并且此相关性男性大于女性.

  13. Effects of bromelain on rabbits with pulmonary edema induced by adrenaline%菠萝蛋白酶对家兔肾上腺素型肺水肿的治疗效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乔红; 陈谱; 孙学娇; 朱冰清; 李晓芳; 段静雨; 张春平

    2016-01-01

    目的:研究菠萝蛋白酶对家兔肾上腺素型肺水肿的治疗效果。方法将家兔随机分为4组,空白对照组(A)、肾上腺素致病组(B)、阳性对照呋塞米治疗组(C)和菠萝蛋白酶治疗组(D)。4组均静脉滴注生理盐水, B、C和D组再给予0.75 ml/kg肾上腺素建立肺水肿模型,然后C组和D组分别给予呋塞米和菠萝蛋白酶进行治疗。记录各小组家兔体征、心率和呼吸频率的变化,并比较肺系数和肺组织石蜡切片苏木精-伊红染色结果。结果 B组成功建立肺水肿模型。与B组相比,D组口唇未见紫绀,呼吸频率稍有加快,心率先加快后缓慢,肺系数显著降低(P<0.05)。取肺后见肺组织水肿症状已明显减轻,病理见肺间隔轻微破坏,淤血现象已基本消失。 C组与D组无显著性差异。结论菠萝蛋白酶对家兔肾上腺素型肺水肿有治疗效果。%Objective To investigate the therapeutic effects of bromelain on rabbits with pulmonary edema induced by adrenaline .Methods The rabbits are randomly divided into four groups:a control group ( A) , an epinephrine group (B), a furosemide treatment group (C), and a bromelain treatment group (D).All the groups were intravenously in-fused with normal saline.Furthermore, Groups B, C, and D were administrated with epinephrine (0.75 ml/kg) to es-tablish a rabbit model of pulmonary edema .Then, Groups C and D were treated with furosemide and bomelain , respec-tively.The changes in physical signs , heart rate and respiratory frequency were recorded , while pulmonary coefficient and the results of H-E staining were compared .Results A rabbit model of pulmonary edema was successfully established in Group B.Compared with Group B , Group D did not show cyanosis in the lip but produced slightly faster respiratory frequency.An increased heart rate was also found in Group D , which was then decreased .The pulmonary coefficient of Group D was

  14. Efeito da dexmedetomidina sobre a arritmia cardíaca induzida pela adrenalina em cães anestesiados pelo sevofluorano Effect of dexmedetomidine on the heart arrhythmia induced by the adrenaline in dogs anesthetized by sevoflurane

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    V.F. Barbosa

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Avaliou-se o efeito da dexmedetomidina sobre o ritmo cardíaco em 20 cães, sem raça definida, de ambos os sexos e considerados sadios, anestesiados pelo sevofluorano e submetidos a doses crescentes de adrenalina. Os animais foram, aleatoriamente, distribuídos em dois grupos (placebo e dexmedetomidina. No grupo placebo, os animais receberam, por via intravenosa, solução de NaCl a 0,9%, na dose de 0,3ml/kg. Foram considerados dois momentos, M0 e M1, imediatamente antes e após a aplicação, respectivamente. Após 10 minutos, realizou-se a indução anestésica com sevofluorano, por meio de máscara facial vedada, até a perda do reflexo laringotraqueal. Em seguida, procedeu-se à intubação orotraqueal e a manutenção da anestesia foi realizada com a administração de sevofluorano na concentração de 1,5CAM, em circuito anestésico com reinalação parcial de gases. Decorridos 20 minutos da indução anestésica, iniciou-se a administração intravenosa contínua de solução de adrenalina a 2% em doses crescentes de 1, 2, 3, 4 e 5mg/kg/min, por meio de bomba de infusão, com aumento da dose em intervalos de 10 minutos. Imediatamente antes desse acréscimo eram feitas as mensurações (M2 a M6. No grupo dexmedetomidina empregou-se a mesma metodologia substituindo-se a solução de NaCl a 0,9% por hidrocloridrato de dexmedetomidina, na dose de 1µg/kg. Foram registradas as pressões arteriais, em M0 e em M2 a M6, e o traçado eletrocardiográfico, na derivação DII (M2 a M6, considerando-se para efeito estatístico o número total de bloqueios atrioventriculares (BAV de primeiro e segundo graus e de complexos ventriculares prematuros (ESV, coincidentes com cada dose de adrenalina. Os dados foram submetidos à análise de variância seguida pelo teste de Tukey (PThe effect of dexmedetomidine on the cardiac rhythm in twenty healthy mongrel dogs of both sexes anesthetized with sevofluorane and submitted to increasing doses of adrenaline was

  15. Mechanism of murine pulmonary edema caused by injection of an overdose of adrenaline%过量肾上腺素致小鼠肺水肿的机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓虹; 李傲; 张池; 赵宇; 刘秋晨; 陆凯; 刘立民; 孙晓东; 谢可鸣

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨过量肾上腺素致小鼠肺水肿的机制.方法 经腹腔注射过量肾上腺素建立小鼠肺水肿模型,并分组给予不同浓度的普萘洛尔、美托洛尔、酚妥拉明、生理盐水,或单独注射去甲肾上腺素,比较各组间小鼠肺系数、肺组织病理学变化和呼吸活动等的改变;观察比较单独注射肾上腺素组与注射肾上腺素后分别加注阿托品、普萘洛尔、美托洛尔组小鼠心电图的变化;观察比较注射肾上腺素和注射生理盐水对照鼠心肌超微结构形态.结果 肾上腺素组小鼠肺系数大于生理盐水组(P<0.05);加注酚妥拉明组小鼠肺系数明显小于肾上腺素组(P<0.05);加注普奈洛尔与加注美托洛尔各组小鼠肺系数均高于生理盐水组(均P<0.05),而与肾上腺素组无明显差别(P>0.05);去甲肾上腺素组小鼠肺系数显著高于生理盐水组(P<0.05);注射肾上腺素的各组小鼠均见到不同程度肺组织充血和渗出,但联合注射酚妥拉明组小鼠肺组织病变较轻;注射肾上腺素小鼠给药数分钟内心率显著降低并伴明显的节律异常,加注大剂量阿托品可拮抗此效应.结论 过量肾上腺素致小鼠急性肺水肿主要由外周血管α受体强烈兴奋收缩引起;给药后小鼠心率减慢、节律异常可能由外周血管阻力增加的反射效应所致.%Objective To explore the mechanism of murine pulmonary edema caused by injection of an overdose of adrenaline. Methods Models of murine acute pulmonary edema were established by injection of an overdose of adrenaline (Ad). The mice of different groups were then given intraperitoneal injection of certain concentration of propranolol (Pro ) , metoprolol ( Me), phentolamine ( Ph) or normal sa-line( NS) respectively and the mice of group noradrenaline( NA) were injected noradrenaline. The degrees of pulmonary edema were judged by comparing the average pulmonary coefficients

  16. 局部应用肾上腺素与垂体后叶素在瘢痕妊娠阴式病灶切除术中的止血效果%Hemostatic effect comparison of adrenaline and pituitrin local application in trans-vaginal lesion resection of scar pregnancy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱楠; 欧阳玲

    2014-01-01

    Objective To compare the hemostatic effect of adrenaline and pituitrin local application with pitui-trin local application in transvaginal lesion resection of scar pregnancy. Methods 81 patients of scar pregnancy were randomly divided into three groups ( n =27 ) , group A was treated with transvaginal lesion resection combined with adrenaline local injection,group B was treated with transvaginal lesion resection combined with pituitrin local injection, group C was treated with transvaginal lesion resection directly. The blood loss during and after the operation and the oc-currence of adverse reactions were observed in three groups. Results Intraoperative blood loss of group A or group B was significantly less than that of group C(P<0. 01),and there were sighificant difference between group A and group B(P<0. 01),the incidence of adverse reactions of group A was lower(P<0. 05). Conclusion Local application of both adrenaline and pituitrin can reduce blood loss in transvaginal lesion resection of scar pregnancy,while adrenaline is more safe and effective.%目的:比较局部应用肾上腺素与垂体后叶素在瘢痕妊娠阴式病灶切除术中的止血效果。方法81例瘢痕妊娠的患者,随机分为3组,每组27例,A组采用阴式病灶切除术联合肾上腺素局部注射,B组采用阴式病灶切除术联合垂体后叶素局部注射,C组直接行阴式病灶切除术,观察三组术中、术后出血量及不良反应的发生情况。结果 A、B组术中出血量均明显少于C组(P均<0.01),与B组比较,A组术中出血量更少(P<0.01),且不良反应发生率低(P<0.05)。结论肾上腺素和垂体后叶素局部应用都可以明显减少瘢痕妊娠阴式病灶切除术中的出血量,但肾上腺素更安全有效。

  17. 福特Sport Trac Adrenalin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    福特Sport Trac Adrenalin是世界上第一台高性能运动型多用途皮卡(SUT),它将福特SVT F-50 Lightning以及福特Explorer Sport Trac的优点融为一体——配备全轮驱动,6速自动变速器以及AdvanceTrac牵引控制系统,采用最大输出功率为291千瓦的4.2升V8发动机,最大扭矩为529牛·米,并设计有2.7吨的拖拽能力。

  18. Segurança de nebulização com 3 a 5 ml de adrenalina (1:1000 em crianças: uma revisão baseada em evidência The safety of nebulization with 3 to 5 ml of adrenaline (1:1000 in children: an evidence based review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linjie Zhang

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Apresentar evidências sobre a segurança da nebulização com 3 a 5 ml de adrenalina (1:1000 no tratamento das crianças com obstrução inflamatória aguda das vias aéreas. FONTES DE DADOS: Uma busca eletrônica foi feita, utilizando-se, principalmente, o banco de dados do MEDLINE (janeiro de 1949 a julho de 2004. Os critérios de inclusão do estudo para esta revisão foram: 1 ensaio clínico randomizado; 2 pacientes (até 12 anos com diagnós tico de bronquiolite ou laringotraqueobronquite; 3 uso de adrenalina (1:1000 através de nebulização. Os principais dados extraídos dos ensaios dizem respeito a doses de adrenalina e seus efeitos sobre a freqüência cardíaca e a pressão arterial sistêmica, bem como outros efeitos colaterais. SÍNTESE DOS DADOS: Sete ensaios clínicos, com um total de 238 pacientes, foram incluídos para esta revisão. Dos cinco ensaios clínicos nos quais a maior dose (> 3 ml de adrenalina foi usada, dois demonstraram aumento significativo de freqüência cardíaca. O aumento médio de freqüência cardíaca variou de sete a 21 batimentos por minuto, até 60 minutos após o tratamento. A maior incidência de palidez foi observada em um ensaio clínico com 21 crianças tratadas com 3 ml de adrenalina através de nebulização (47,6% no grupo de adrenalina versus 14,3% no grupo de salbutamol, 30 minutos após o tratamento. Não foram observados, em dois ensaios clínicos, efeitos significativos em nebulização com adrenalina (4 e 5 ml na pressão arterial sistêmica. CONCLUSÃO: As evidências mostram que nebulização com 3 a 5 ml de adrenalina (1:1000 é uma terapia segura, com poucos efeitos colaterais, em crianças com obstrução inflamatória aguda das vias aéreas.OBJECTIVE:To present the evidence regarding the safety of nebulization with 3-5 ml of adrenaline (1:1000 for the treatment of children with acute inflammatory airway obstruction. SOURCES OF DATA: An electronic search was undertaken

  19. The effect of esmolol on children's heart rate who accept squint correction and adrenaline eye drop%艾司洛尔对斜视矫正术眼滴肾上腺素对患儿心率的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王淑珍; 顾恩华

    2012-01-01

    目的 观察艾司洛尔对斜视矫正术眼滴肾上腺素对患儿的心率影响.方法 选择6~10岁斜视矫正术的患儿90例,随机分为3组,各30例.A组(对照组,术眼滴0.9%生理盐水),B组(术眼滴肾上腺素),C组(术眼滴肾上腺素,并静脉注入艾司洛尔拮抗).监测并记录入手术室前的心率,视基础值为T0,麻醉前T1,麻醉后5 min T2,眼滴肾上腺素,或同时静脉给予艾司洛尔后2min为T3,5min为T4,10 min为T5,60 min为T6.结果 3组(T0-T2)心率的变化比较,差异无统计学意义;B、C 两组心率(T3-T5)各时间点与A组比较,差异有统计学意义,但C组(T3-T5)心率上升明显低于B组,差异有统计学意义.结论 斜视矫正术眼滴肾上腺素可使心率瞬间显著上升,静脉助注艾司洛尔可显著抑制其上升,维持患儿围术期心率平稳.%Objective To observe the effect of esmolol on children's heart rate who accept squint correction and adrenaline eye drop.Methods Selected six to ten years old children with squint correction of 90 cases were randomly divided into three groups,each group had 30 cases.Group A was control group and accepted 0.9% physiological saline to sick eye.Group B dropped the adrenaline to sick eye.Group C dropped the adrenaline to sick eye and accepted intravenous injection esmolol antagonist.Monitored and recorded the heart rate before children came into the operating room.The basic value was T0.Before anesthesia was T1,5 minutes after anesthesia was T2,sick eye accepted adrenaline,or at the same time to intravenous injection esmolol then 2 minutes was T3,5 minutes was T4,10 minutes was T5 and 60 minutes was T6.Results The difference of heart rate change (T0-T2) in three groups was not statistically significant.Compared heart rate (T3-T5) of each time point in group B and C with group A,the difference was statistically significant.But heart rate rise (T3-T5) in group C was significantly lower than in group B,the difference was statistically

  20. 高压氧对肾上腺素诱导的内耳损伤大鼠听力及下丘脑-垂体-肾上腺轴激素水平的影响%Effects of hyperbaric oxygen on the hearing of inner ear and the hormone levels of HPA axis in rats induced by adrenaline

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘树义; 杨晨; 陈晓; 孟祥恩; 张良

    2014-01-01

    Objective To observe the effects of hyperbaric oxygen (HBO) on the damage of inner ear and hearing loss induced by adrenaline and also to monitor changes in hormone levels related with stress,so as to evaluate effects of HBO on hearing damage and related stressors.Methods Twenty-four male Wistar rats were randomly divided into 3 groups:the blank control group,the adrenaline group and the adrenaline plus HBO group.Infusion of adrenaline through the access of middle ear for a succession of 5 days till hearing loss was induced,while the animals in the control group were only given physiologic saline.After completion of medication,the animals in the HBO group received HBO therapy 1 session / a day for 3 consecutive days,and the animals in the other 2 groups were left untreated for natural recovery.Changes in hearing thresholds in rats were detected through monitoring of evoked auditory brainstem response (ABR).After termination of the experiment,the animals were sacrificed for detection of serum hormone levels.Results The administration of adrenaline through the access of middle ear could elevate the hearing threshold of the rats.The final hearing threshold of the rats in the HBO group [(26.01 ± 7.95) dB] was lower than that of the adrenaline group [(39.69 ± 8.26) dB] (P < 0.05).Cortisol level in the animals of the control group was the lowest,followed by the animals in the HBO group.The cortisol level in the animals of the model group was the highest.Conclusions HBO therapy could alleviate hearing damage of the rats induced by adrenaline.Cortical levels were closely associated with the seriousness of hearing damage.%目的 观察高压氧暴露对肾上腺素导致的大鼠内耳损伤、听力下降的影响,以及相关激素的改变情况,评价高压氧治疗对听力及激素水平的影响.方法 24只大鼠按数字表法随机分为3组:空白对照组、肾上腺素组、肾上腺素+高压氧组.肾上腺素组、肾上腺素+高压氧组连续5d经中

  1. 危、重型手足口病患儿血清肾上腺素、去肾上腺素的变化及临床意义%The Changes and Clinical Significance of Serum Levels of Adrenaline and Noradrenaline to Children with Severe Hand-foot-mouth Disease and Critical Hand-foot-mouth Disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    憨贞慧; 罗继霞; 郝建华; 符莹

    2014-01-01

    目的:通过对危、重型手足口病患儿血液中的肾上腺素及去甲肾上腺素含量的测定,探讨手足口病病情由重型向危重型进展的预警指标,以期对危重症手足口病患儿进行早期识别、早期干预,以降低其病死率。方法:根据病情将患儿分为重症组和危重症组,在2组患儿于安静状态下,抽取静脉血,应用荧光检测的方法测肾血清中上腺素、去甲肾上腺素水平。结果:肾上腺素水平:重型组1.48±0.58、危重型组2.08±0.1.72,经t检验,P>0.05差异无统计学意义。去甲肾上腺素水平:重型组1.58±0.68、危重型组2.28±1.02,经t检验,P>0.05差异无统计学意义。结论:血清肾上腺素及去甲肾上腺素水平均不能作为早期发现手足口病由重型向危重型进展的预警指标。%Objective:To discuss the early warning indicator from severe to critical hand -foot-mouth disease through detecting the serum levels of adrenaline and noradrenaline of the two groups children , to recognize and interfere the critical , to reduce the mortality rate.Methods:We divided the children to sever group and critical group based on the conditions .We extracted the venous blood when the children in resting state ,detected the serum levels of adrenaline and noradrenaline using the fluorescence detection .Results:The level of adrenaline:the sever group (1.48 ±0.58), the critical group (2.08 ±0.1.72), the data had no statistical significance using t -test;the level of noradrenaline:the severe group (1.58 ±0.68), the critical group(2.28 ±1.02), they had no statistical significance using t-test.Conclusion:The serum levels of adrenaline and noradrenaline were not the early warning indicators from the severe to critical hand-foot-mouth disease .

  2. Eficácia e segurança do uso inalatório da adrenalina-L na laringite pós-intubação utilizada em associação com a dexametasona Efficacy and safety of nebulized L-epinephrine associated with dexametasone in post-intubation laryngitis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iracema C. O. Fernandes

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: avaliar a eficácia e a segurança do uso de adrenalina-L inalada na laringite pós-intubação como droga suplementar à dexametasona. MÉTODO: Estudo prospectivo, duplo-cego, controlado por placebo, randomizado, com duas coortes de pacientes com laringite pós-intubação de grau 3 a 6, aferido pelo escore de Downes e Raphaelly, durante dois anos. Os grupos, A e B, receberam dexametasona por via endovenosa e realizaram duas inalações com soro fisiológico, mas nestas apenas o grupo B recebeu adrenalina-L. A eficácia da adrenalina-L foi avaliada através da comparação do escore de Downes e Raphaelly. Os efeitos colaterais da adrenalina-L foram avaliados pela ocorrência de arritmia cardíaca, elevação da pressão arterial e da freqüência cardíaca médias no grupo B, em relação ao grupo A. RESULTADOS: Foram selecionados 22 pacientes para o grupo A (escore médio=4,8 e 19 para o grupo B (escore médio= 5,2. Após o início do tratamento, três pacientes do grupo A alcançaram o escore 8 e foram reintubados; este grupo também apresentou escore clínico médio maior do que o grupo B, durante as primeiras duas horas do protocolo, resultados não estatisticamente significantes. Não foram constatados efeitos colaterais atribuíveis à adrenalina. Os índices gasométricos foram adequados nos dois grupos, porém melhores no grupo controle. CONCLUSÕES: Não foi demonstrada maior eficácia no tratamento da laringite pós-intubação com o uso da adrenalina-L inalatória em crianças que receberam simultaneamente dexametasona endovenosa. Alguns indicadores apresentaram uma tendência favorável à terapêutica combinada e sugerem a realização de outras avaliações.OBJECTIVE: to assess the efficacy and safety of the use of nebulized L-epinephrine associated with dexamethasone in postintubation laryngitis. METHOD: We carried out a prospective, randomized, double-blind, placebo controlled study with two cohorts of patients with

  3. Hemodynamic effects of caudal block with bupivacaine and adrenaline in the newborn undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia%布比卡因混合肾上腺素骶管阻滞对全麻新生儿血液动力学的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓萌; 王炫; 贺琳; 郑珊

    2008-01-01

    Objective To investigate the effects of caudal block with bupivacaine and adrenaline on the hemodynamics in the newborn undergoing general anesthesia for elective surgery. Methods Thirty ASA Ⅰ or Ⅱ fall-term neonates aged ≤ 28 days weighing ≥ 2 500 g undergoing elective abdominal or genitourinary surgery under general anesthesia were studied. Children with known cardiovascular abnormalities, infections diseases or intestinal obstruction and those with conditions contraindicating caudal block were excluded from the study. The children were randomly allocated into 3 groups (n = 10 each) : group Ⅰ general anesthesia (A) ;group Ⅱ general anesthesia + caudal block (0.2% bupivacaine 1.25 ml/kg) (AP) and group Ⅲ general anesthesia + caudal block (0.2% bupivacaine 1.25 ml/kg + adrenaline 1:200 000) (AE). Anesthesia was induced with propefal 3 mg/kg iv. Tracheal intubation was facilitated with vecuronium 0.15 mg/kg. The patients were mechanically ventilated. PETCO2 Was maintained at 30-35 mm Hg. Anesthesia was maintained with 0.4% sevoflurane + 40% N2O + 60 % O2. Radial artery was cannulated for continuous BP monitoring. HR, cardiac output (CO) and stroke volume (SV) were monitored using noninvasive transthoracic echocardiagraphy and recorded at 5 min before, and 5, 10 and 15 min after performance of caudal block. Systemic vascular resistance (SVR) was calculated (SVR = MAP/CO × 80). Results There were no significant differences in the hemodynamic variables between the 3 groups. Conclusion Caudal block with bupivacaine alone or with adrenaline exerts no significant effects on hemodynamics in the newborn undergoing elective surgery under general anesthesia.%目的 评价布比卡因混合肾上腺素骶管阻滞对全麻新生儿血液动力学的影响.方法 择期或限期行腹部或会阴部手术的足月新生儿30例,性别不限,ASA Ⅰ或Ⅱ级,出生体重≥2 500 g,日龄≤28 d,随机分为3组(n=10):全麻组(A组)、全麻+骶管阻滞(0.2%

  4. CT-guided percutaneous intratumoral chemotherapy with a novel cisplatin/epinephrine injectable gel for the treatment of unresectable malignant liver tumors; CT-gesteuerte perkutane intratumorale Chemotherapie mit Cisplatin-/Adrenalin-Gel zur Behandlung inoperabler maligner Lebertumoren. Ergebnisse einer klinischen Phase-II-Pruefung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Engelmann, K.; Mack, M.G.; Straub, R.; Eichler, K.; Zangos, S.; Vogl, T.J. [Universitaetsklinikum Frankfurt (Germany). Inst. fuer Diagnostische und Interventionelle Radiologie; Orenberg, E. [Matrix Pharmaceutical Inc., Fremont, CA (United States)

    2000-12-01

    Purpose: To evaluate prospectively the volumetric changes of tumor and necrosis in unresectable malignant liver tumors and the clinical aspects after CT-guided direct intratumoral administration of a novel cisplatin/epinephrine injectable gel in a clinical phase II study. Patients and methods: 8 patients with 17 colorectal liver metastases with a mean volume of 42 ml were treated with a mean of 5.1 injections and 8 patients with 11 HCC nodules (mean volume of 22.1 ml) with a mean of 3.25 treatments with CT-guided local administration of a novel cisplatin/epinephrine gel. This method of administration provides a higher local and lower systemic drug concentration. Volumes of tumor and necrosis prior to and after treatment were measured by computer-generated volumetric analysis. Results: Contrast-enhanced studies verified pretherapeutic tumor necrosis with a value of 12.6% in the metastases and 0.6% in the HCC nodules. Intratumoral drug administration resulted in a necrotic volume of 110% in metastases and 128% in HCC versus the mean initial tumor volume, at least 4 treatments resulted in 122% necrosis in metastases and 130% in HCC. Local therapy control rate for the follow-up to 6 months was 38% and 83.3% for the group of metastases and HCC, respectively. Conclusions: Direct intratumoral injection of a novel cisplatin/epinephrine injectable gel results in an induction of a relevant necrosis in malignant liver tumors, with a substantially higher local therapy control rate for HCC compared to colorectal metastases. (orig.) [German] Zielsetzung: Evaluation der Volumenaenderungen von Tumor und Nekrose nach CT-gesteuerter perkutaner intratumoraler Injektion eines neuartigen Cisplatin-/Adrenalin-Gels sowie der klinischen Aspekte diesewr Therapie bei Patienten mit inoperablen malignen Lebertumoren im Rahmen einer klinischen Phase-II-Studie. Patienten und Methoden: 8 Patienten mit 17 kolorektalen Lebermetastasen mit einem mittleren Volumen von 42 ml wurden mit

  5. CZE法用于肾上腺素的优化分离及其在马齿苋中含量测定的研究%Optimization Separation of Three Adrenalines and Quantitative Analysis in Portulaca oleracea L.by Capillary Zone Electrophoresis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高苏亚; 王黎; 李华; 李静; 孙文基

    2012-01-01

    [ Objective ] To develop a capillary zone electrophoresis (CZE) method for optimization separation of three adrenalines and determination of noradrenaline in Portulaca oleracea L. [Method] An uncoated fused-silica capillary column (60 cm x75 ujn i. d. , effective length 50 cm) was used as a separation channel. The separation was obtained with 8 mmol/L p-CD in 20 mmol/L borax buffer (pH 9.5) at a constant voltage of 15 kV, the detective wavelength 215 nm and temperature 25 °C. The sample was injected at 0.5 psi (3.447 kPa) x 10 s. [Results] Three compounds were separated baselinely in 10 min. A good linearity between peak area and concentration was found in the range of 16.74 -267.84 mg/L (r=0.9995) for phenylephrine(PE), 16.18-258.88 mg/L (r= 0.9992) for adrenaline (AD), and 16.18-194.16 mg/L (r = 0.999 2) for noradrenaline(NE), respectively. Their average recoveries(n =6) were 99.16% , 101.24% and 98.96% , respectively, and the relative standard deviation (RSD) was less than 2.2%. This method was used to determine NE in Portulaca oleracea L. The mass fraction was 0.052%. [Conclusion] The method is simple and rapid which could be used to separate and determine ADs.%[目的]采用区带毛细管电泳法实现去氧肾上腺素、肾上腺素和去甲肾上腺素3种化合物的优化分离,建立测定中药马齿苋中去甲肾上腺素的简便、快速的分离检测方法.[方法]采用未涂层弹性石英毛细管柱(60 cm×75 μm i.d.,有效长度50 cm)作为分离通道,以含8 mmol/L β-CD的20 mmol/L硼砂(pH=9.5)为运行缓冲溶液,进样0.5 psi (3.447 kPa)×10 s,分离电压15 kV,检测波长215 nm,柱温25℃.[结果]3种肾上腺素在10 min内得到基线分离,且去氧肾上腺素、肾上腺素和去甲肾上腺素分别在16.74 ~ 267.84 mg/L(r=0.9995),16.18 ~258.88 mg/L(r =0.999 2),16.181 ~94.16 mg/L(r =0.999 2)浓度范围内呈良好的线性关系,平均回收率(n=6)分别为99.16%、101.24%和98.96%,RSD均小于2.2%.同

  6. 金属酞菁仿生催化儿茶酚胺氧化性能研究及其用于肾上腺素浓度的光学检测%Oxidation of Catecholamines Catalyzed by Metallophthalocyanines and Application to the Fiber Optic Biosensor for Adrenaline Concentration Detection

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李明田; 黄俊; 杨瑞嵩; 喻兰英; 周璇

    2010-01-01

    采用电子吸收光谱法研究了5种金属酞菁MPcs(M=Mn(Ⅱ),Fe(Ⅱ),Ni(Ⅱ),Cu(Ⅱ))仿生催化肾上腺素(Adrenaline,AD)和去甲肾上腺素(Noradrenaline,NA)2种儿茶酚胺的氧化性质,相应的氧化产物分别为三羟基-N-甲基-吲哚和三羟基-吲哚.用氧化产物的特征吸收峰强度评价金属酞菁的催化能力,实验表明,在最佳催化条件下,金属酞菁催化效率有以下顺序ηMnPc>ηFePc>ηNiPc>ηCuPc>ηCoPc.以酞菁锰仿生酶为催化剂,采用锁相放大技术构建了一种新型光纤生物传感器实现对肾上腺素浓度的测定,系统地研究了光纤肾上腺素传感器的性质:在2.0×10-6~9.0x10-5mol·L-1范围,滞后相移()与肾上腺素的浓度有较好的线性关系,检测下限为4.0×10-7mol·L-1,响应时间为10 min,该传感器有良好地重复性和稳定性.

  7. Adrenaline and amiodarone dosages in resuscitation: rectifying misinformation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Botha, Martin; Wells, Mike; Dickerson, Roger; Wallis, Lee; Stander, Melanie

    2013-10-01

    Despite the recognition of specialists in emergency medicine and the professionalisation of prehospital emergency care, international guidelines and consensus are often ignored, and the lag between guideline publication and translation into clinical practice is protracted. South African literature should reflect the latest evidence to guide resuscitation and safe patient care. This article addresses erroneous details regarding life-saving interventions in the South African Medicines Formulary, 10th edition. 

  8. Analgesia postoperatoria en la queiloplastia del lactante. Estudio comparativo: bloqueo infraorbitario intraoral bilateral con bupivacaína 0,25% con adrenalina vs. analgesia intravenosa con tramadol Postoperative analgesia for the management of chieloplasty in the breast-fed baby. Comparative study: bilateral intraoral blockade of the infraorbitary nerve with bupivacaine 0.25% plus adrenaline versus intravenous analgesia with tramadol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. A. Delgado

    2005-05-01

    ó la aparición de cualquier complicación o efecto adverso. Los datos se analizaron mediante t Student y test χ². Resultados: No existieron diferencias en cuanto a las características demográficas. La duración de la analgesia fue mayor en el grupo A (7,3 ± 5,1 h que en el grupo B (2,8 ± 2,2 h (p Objective: To compare the effectiveness and length of bilateral intraoral blockade of the infraorbitary nerve versus standard intravenous analgesia with tramadol for the management of postoperative pain in breast-fed infants undergoing chieloplasty due to harelip. Material and methods: After conducting an adequate pre-anesthetic assessment and obtaining the informed consent from their parents, we performed a double-blind, randomized, controlled and randomized study in 25 ASA I infants with ages ranging from 3 to 10 months that were candidates to corrective harelip surgery (chieloplasty. All of them were pretreated half an hour before the surgical procedure with oral midazolan (0.5 mg.kg-1 and the same anesthesiologist performed the anesthetic technique and the nerve blockade in all the cases, this being inhaled induction with sevoflurane prior to venoclysis. General anesthesia was achieved with intravenous administration of atropine, fentanyl and rocuronium at the standard doses prior to endotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation. Patients were randomized to one of the following groups: Group A (n = 12: 1-2 ml of bupivacaine 0.25% plus adrenaline was administered for bilateral blockade of the intraorbitary nerve and intravenous saline solution instead of intravenous analgesia with tramadol. Group B (n = 13: saline solution was administered for nerve blockade, instead of bupivacaine, and intravenous tramadol (1.5 mg.kg-1 was provided as postoperative analgesia. All of the patients underwent general anesthesia with sevoflurane and fentanyl "on-demand" according to standard parameters (blood pressure, heart rate, pupil size, etc.. During the first six hours at

  9. Whole body and regional clearances of noradrenaline and adrenaline in man

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, N J; Galbo, H; Gjerris, Anne Cathrine Roslev;

    1984-01-01

    The whole body clearance of noradrenaline (NA) was measured in seven patients pre- and postoperatively. L-3H-NA was infused intravenously for 90 min and steady-state concentrations of L-3H-NA were measured in both arterial and peripheral venous blood. Preoperatively, in the resting supine position...

  10. The rush to adrenaline: drugs in sport acting on the β-adrenergic system

    OpenAIRE

    Davis, E.; Loiacono, R.; Summers, R. J.

    2008-01-01

    Athletes attempt to improve performance with drugs that act on the β-adrenergic system directly or indirectly. Of three β-adrenoceptor (AR) subtypes, the β2-AR is the main target in sport; they have bronchodilator and anabolic actions and enhance anti-inflammatory actions of corticosteroids. Although demonstrable in animal experiments and humans, there is little evidence that these properties can significantly improve performance in trained athletes. Their actions may also be compromised by r...

  11. Neuroendocrine modulation of the inflammatory response in common carp: adrenaline regulates leukocyte profile and activity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kepka, M.; Verburg-van Kemenade, B.M.L.; Chadzinska, M.K.

    2013-01-01

    Inflammatory responses have to be carefully controlled, as high concentrations and/or prolonged action of inflammation-related molecules (e.g. reactive oxygen species, nitric oxide and pro-inflammatory cytokines) can be detrimental to host tissue and organs. One of the potential regulators of the in

  12. 关于伦敦的十个关键词Raise Your Adrenaline

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    跳跳鱼; 猴头虫(绘图)

    2011-01-01

    1 我想去参观世界著名的大英博物馆,那里展出了从史前到现代的各种藏品。2 我要一大份炸鱼薯条,不过我好像记得有人告诉过我千万不要把英国食品当真。

  13. Treatment with Epinephrine (Adrenaline) in Suspected Anaphylaxis during Anesthesia in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Garvey, Lene H; Belhage, Bo; Krøigaard, Mogens;

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND:: Literature on the use of epinephrine in the treatment of anaphylaxis during anesthesia is very limited. The objective of this study was to investigate how often epinephrine is used in the treatment of suspected anaphylaxis during anesthesia in Denmark and whether timing of treatment ...

  14. [Accidental injection of adrenaline in a finger with EpiPen].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaspersen, J; Vedsted, P

    1998-11-01

    We report a case of accidental injection of 0.3 mg epinephrine in the right pollux. The actual case was treated with systemic nitroglyceride and immersion of the finger in hot water. A review of the literature shows that the adequate treatment is local infiltration with Phentholamine Mesylate. There is a need to describe this treatment in conventional literature.

  15. [Clinical and physiological rationale for use of clonidine with articaine and adrenaline for local anesthesia in pediatric dentistry].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mel'nikova, A V; Shugaĭlov, I A

    2014-01-01

    The study evaluated the effect of local anesthesia with articaine in different combinations with epinephrine and clonidine (articaine (4%) + epinephrine (1:200 000), articaine (4%) + clonidine (1:100 000), articaine (4%) + epinephrine (1:200 000) + clonidine (1:100 000), articaine (4%) + epinephrine (1:400 000) + clonidine (1:100 000)), on a number of physiological parameters in pediatric dental practice that characterize cardiovascular system, patient's degree of adaptation to a stressful situation and efficacy of analgesia. It is shown that in terms of impact on the cardiovascular system and stress adaptation indicators anesthesia including combination of epinephrine (1: 200 000) and clonidine (1: 100 000) in the anesthetic solution is the safest. Furthermore, this method ensures the most appropriate analgesic effect.

  16. [Efficiency of teeth local anesthesia by articaine-containing formulation with adrenaline and clonidine in pediatric dentistry].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mel'nikova, A V; Shugaĭlov, I A; Garus, Ia N

    2014-01-01

    The study evaluated duration and depth of the local infiltration anesthesia by articaine with different combinations of epinephrine and clonidine : articaine (4%) + epinephrine (1: 200 000), articaine (4%) + clonidine (1:100 000), articaine (4%) + epinephrine (1:200 000) + clonidine (1:100 000), articaine (4%) + epinephrine (1: 400 000) + clonidine (1:100, 000) in pediatric dental practice. It was revealed that the replacement of the vasoconstrictor epinephrine on clonidine associated with reduced depth and duration of analgesia. This increased efficiency is provided by inclusion of epinephrine (1:200 000), and clonidine (1:100 000) into anesthetic solution, which provided statistically significant increase in depth and duration of anesthesia.

  17. 在城市中感受F1——普利司通Potenza RE001 Adrenalin

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    这是一个崇尚速度的时代。高速更新中的社会带着每个人在城市中赛跑。跑在前面的人被称作成功者。也许这就是F1拥有众多车迷的原因,F1是速度极限的挑战。也许你永远都不会想到,在远离F1的城市中,你也可以闻到那股轮胎与赛道摩擦出的胶皮味道,熟悉的感觉会让你拥有加速的激情。

  18. Adrenaline release by the 5-HT1A receptor agonist 8-OH-DPAT is partly responsible for pituitary activation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Korte, S.M; Buwalda, B; Bohus, B.G J; de Kloet, E.R

    1996-01-01

    In male Wistar rats the effect of adrenalectomy on pituitary activation by the 5-HT1A receptor agonist. 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT), was studied. Rats were injected intravenously with 8-OH-DPAT (0.10 mg/kg) in their home cages. Blood samples were withdrawn from freely moving c

  19. The effect of nasal application of cocaine/adrenaline on blood loss in Le Fort I osteotomies

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. de Lange; E.M. Baas; R.B.G. Horsthuis; A. Booij

    2008-01-01

    Cocaine is a very potent vasoconstrictor that is used by ENT specialists to reduce blood loss and enhance visibility during nasal surgery. In orthognathic surgery, especially Le Fort I procedures, excessive blood loss is a relatively frequent complication. In this study, a prospective randomized cli

  20. Vasoactive stress hormone (adrenaline, noradrenaline and cortisol) concentration in plasma after administration of low doses of S-(+)-ketamine epidurally

    OpenAIRE

    Mihaljević, Slobodan; Mihaljević, Ljiljana; Orešković, Slavko; ELVEĐI-GAŠPAROVIĆ, VESNA; IGNJATIĆ ZOKIĆ, TATJANA; ĆAĆIĆ, MARKO

    2009-01-01

    Background and Purposes: The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of epidurally administered S-(+)-ketamine on vasoactive stress hormones. It was a prospective study conducted after approval of the Ethical Committee and informed consent of patients. Materials and Methods: The study was performed on 80 patients: 40 patients in Group 1 (0.5% bupivacaine) and 40 patients in Group 2 (0.5% bupivacaine + 25 mg S-(+)-ketamine – 0.326 mg/kg-bm). All patients were adults aged between...

  1. Volumes anestésicos efetivos no bloqueio do nervo isquiático: comparação entre as abordagens parassacral e infraglútea-arabiceptal com bupivacaína a 0,5% com adrenalina e ropivacaína a 0,5% Volúmenes anestésicos efectivos en el bloqueo del nervio isquiático: comparación entre los abordajes parasacral e infraglúteo-parabicipital con bupivacaína a 0,5% con adrenalina y ropivacaína a 0,5% Effective anesthetic volumes in sciatic nerve block: comparison between the parasacral and infragluteal-parabiceps approaches with 0.5% bupivacaine with adrenaline and 0.5% ropivacaine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Escovedo Helayel

    2009-10-01

    %: 14,9 - 20,8 y el de la bupivacaína 16,4 mL (IC 95%: 12,3 - 21,9. En el abordaje infraglúteo-parabicipital el volumen efectivo promedio de la ropivacaína fue 21,8 mL (IC 95%: 18,7 - 25,5 y bupivacaína 20,4 mL (IC 95%: 18,6 - 22,5. Los volúmenes fueron significativamente menores (p BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The volume and mass of local anesthetics (LA affect the success rate of peripheral nerve blocks. Thus, the main objective of this study was to determine the volumes of local anesthetics in parasacral and infragluteal-parabiceps sciatic nerve block (SNB. METHODS: One hundred and one patients undergoing infragluteal-parabiceps or parasacral SNB with 0.5% ropivacaine or 0.5% bupivacaine with 5 µg.mL-1 of adrenaline were randomly divided into 4 groups. Success was defined as complete sensitive and motor blockades of the sciatic nerve 30 minutes after the administration of the LA. Volumes were calculated by the up-and-down method. RESULTS: In the parasacral approach, the mean effective volume of ropivacaine was 17.6 mL (95% CI: 14.9-20.8 and of bupivacaine it was 16.4 mL (95% CI: 12.3-21.9. In the infragluteal-parabiceps approach, the mean effective volume of ropivacaine was 21.8 mL (95% CI: 18.7-25.5, and that of bupivacaine was 20.4 mL (95% CI: 18.6-22.5. Volumes were significantly lower (p < 0.01 in the parasacral than in the infragluteal-parabiceps approach. In Probit regression, the estimated effective volume in 95% of the patients in the parasacral approach was 21.8 mL for ropivacaine, and 20.5 mL for bupivacaine; in the infragluteal-parabiceps approach the volumes were 27.2 mL for ropivacaine and 25.5 mL for bupivacaine. The effective volume in 99% of the patients in parasacral SNB was 24 mL for ropivacaine, and 24 mL for bupivacaine; and in the infragluteal-parabiceps approach, 29.9 mL for ropivacaine, and 28.0 mL for bupivacaine. CONCLUSIONS: In sciatic nerve block, significantly smaller volumes were necessary in the parasacral than in the infragluteal

  2. Relationship between adrenaline used dose and prognosis on cardiopulmonary resuscitation%心肺复苏中肾上腺素用量与预后的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何光辉; 梁彦平; 刘丽疆; 王利剑; 宋新科; 杨翌承

    2015-01-01

    目的:探讨心肺复苏(CPR)中肾上腺素用量与预后的关系.方法:选择2012-01-01-2014-12-31我院急救中心抢救的心搏骤停(CA)患者393例,按CPR时间分为常规CPR组190例,超长CPR组203例.根据CPR的结果分为成功组72例和失败组321例.常规肾上腺素1 mg静脉注射,每间隔3~5 min重复给药1次,直到CPR成功或终止.对肾上腺素用量与预后进行回顾性统计分析.结果:常规CPR组与超长CPR组性别、年龄比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);常规CPR组肾上腺素用量明显低于超长CPR组,差异有统计学意义(t=-12.227,P<0.01).而常规CPR组预后[自主循环恢复(ROSC)率、出院存活率、30 d良好神经功能恢复率]明显优于超长CPR组(P<0.01),提示常规CPR组低的肾上腺素用量优于高用量的超长CPR组预后;成功组肾上腺素用量明显低于失败组(t=-9.041,P<0.01),提示低的肾上腺素用量是CPR预后的有利因素;肾上腺素用量≤5 mg组ROSC、存活出院、30d良好神经功能恢复者比例较高.结论:在CPR中肾上腺素用量≤5 mg是预后的有利因素,超过10 mg是不利因素.

  3. Elderly trauma patients have high circulating noradrenaline levels but attenuated release of adrenaline, platelets, and leukocytes in response to increasing injury severity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansson, Pär I; Sørensen, Anne Marie; Perner, Anders;

    2012-01-01

    : High patient age is a strong predictor of poor outcome in trauma patients. The present study investigated the effect of age on mortality and biomarkers of sympathoadrenal activation, tissue, endothelial, and glycocalyx damage, coagulation activation/inhibition, fibrinolysis, and inflammation in...

  4. Аctivity of stomach secretory glands and the nitrergic mechanisms of their regulatiоn under the condition of the adrenalin ulcer simulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. V. Razuvaeva

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Participating of nitrergic link in the regulation of secretory activity in the stomach was investigated in the intact rats under the condition of ulcerous damage in the gastro-duodenal area. It was found that in the intact rats NO decreases the acid gastric secretion. On the early stages of the ulcer development the nitrergic mechanisms of regulation execute the protective adaptation-compensative function of the mucous coat of stomach, but in remote terms these mechanisms lose such ability.

  5. Evidence for tonic activation of prejunctional beta-adrenoceptors in guinea-pig pulmonary arteries by adrenaline derived from the adrenal medulla.

    OpenAIRE

    Misu, Y; Kuwahara, M.; Amano, H.; Kubo, T.

    1989-01-01

    1. The effects of (+/-)-carteolol 10(-8) M to 10(-6) M, a non-selective beta-antagonist, applied cumulatively, on stimulation-evoked 3H-release at 1 Hz were studied in pulmonary arteries isolated from guinea-pigs. The guinea-pigs were subjected to either bilateral adrenalectomy, adrenalectomy followed by injections of deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA) and hydrocortisone, bilateral adrenodemedullation or a sham operation, and then loaded in vitro with [3H]-noradrenaline. 2. Carteolol inhibite...

  6. Contribution of beta 1- and beta 2-adrenoceptors of human atrium and ventricle to the effects of noradrenaline and adrenaline as assessed with (-)-atenolol.

    OpenAIRE

    Lemoine, H.; Schönell, H.; Kaumann, A. J.

    1988-01-01

    1. (-)-Atenolol was used as a tool to assess the function of beta 1- and beta 2-adrenoceptors in human heart. Right atrial and left ventricular preparations from patients undergoing open heart surgery were set up to contract isometrically. Membrane particles were prepared for beta-adrenoceptor labelling with [3H]-(-)-bupranolol and adenylate cyclase assays. 2. The positive inotropic effects of (-)-noradrenaline were antagonized to a similar extent by (-)-atenolol in atrial and ventricular pre...

  7. Membrane potential and conductance of frog skin gland acinar cells in resting conditions and during stimulation with agonists of macroscopic secretion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Jakob B.; Larsen, Erik Hviid

    1999-01-01

    Adrenaline; carbachol; Cl- secretion; exocrine gland; isoproterenol; noradrenaline; prostaglandin E*U2......Adrenaline; carbachol; Cl- secretion; exocrine gland; isoproterenol; noradrenaline; prostaglandin E*U2...

  8. Role of the adrenal medulla in control of blood pressure and renal function during furosemide-induced volume depletion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hasbak, Philip; Petersen, Jørgen Søberg; Shalmi, Michael;

    1995-01-01

    Farmakologi, furosemide, adrenaline, renal function, adrenal medullectomy, arterial blood pressure......Farmakologi, furosemide, adrenaline, renal function, adrenal medullectomy, arterial blood pressure...

  9. Drug: D04052 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D04052 Mixture, Drug Adrenaline - lidocaine hydrochloride mixt; Epinephrine - lidocai...ne hydrochloride mixt; Xylocaine (TN) Adrenaline [DR:D00095], Lidcaine hydrochloride [DR:D02086] Anestheti...ns 12 Agents affecting peripheral nervous system 121 Local anesthetics 1214 Xylidines D04052 Adrenaline - lidocai... 2710 Local anesthetics D04052 Adrenaline - lidocaine hydrochloride mixt PubChem: 17398016 ...

  10. 薄层色谱法检测海州常山桐树叶中肾上腺素的含量%Identification and quantification of adrenaline from the leaves of Clerodendrum phlomidis using thin-layer chromatography

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Muthu Kumaradoss Mohan Maruga Raja; Ruchi Sureshbhai Patel; Shri Hari Mishra

    2011-01-01

    @@ In the Ayurvedic, Siddha and other medical systems of India, products derived from herbs,used either as active ingredients or as adjuvants,hold paramount importance as alternative medi-cines.However, their standardization poses a great challenge.Correct identification of these drugs is often problematic in both their complete form as well as in powder form, since these medicinal plants are known by a variety of vernacular names and frequently many medicinal plants share the same name.Comparative thin-layer chromatography (co-TLC) with chemical or biological marker compounds can be used to standardize raw materials.Moreover, due to its simplicity, accuracy, cost effectiveness and rapidity, TLC is often used as an alternative to other chromatographic tech-niques for quantifying plant products.

  11. 脑室出血后的大鼠脑干组织中去甲肾上腺素含量的变化%Brainstem norepinephrine adrenaline level changes following experimental intraventricular hemorrhage in rats

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴勇; 谭华; 李小刚

    2012-01-01

    目的 通过观察大鼠脑室出血后脑组织中去甲肾上腺素(NE)含量,探讨其在脑室出血中的损伤作用,对诊断疾病、预测病情及预后、指导治疗有着实际的临床意义.方法 将60只大鼠随机分为正常组、假手术组、脑室出血组(IVH组).IVH组取自体动脉血方法制备大鼠原发性脑室出血(PIVH)模型,假手术组大鼠只切开头皮和颅骨钻孔,不做自体动脉血注射.分别在术后5个时间点取脑干组织采用ELISA法检测其含量.结果 IVH组去甲肾上腺素含量在6h、1d、3d与正常组、假手术组比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),从6h开始逐渐升高,1d达最高峰,在注血3d后有下降趋势,但仍高于正常组、假手术组.结论 IVH后,大鼠脑干组织去甲肾上腺素含量增加,因此去甲肾上腺素在脑室出血后脑组织损伤中可能起着重要作用,并对外周组织产生继发性损害,导致病情加重.%Objective To investigate the changes of noradrenaline NE/NA in brain tissue following ventricular hemorrhage in rats in order to understand the role of NE/NA in brain damage resulted from ventricular hemorrhage. It provides helpful information to clinical practice for diagnoses and treatment of the disease and prediction of the disease outcome clinical significance. Methods A total of 60 experimental animals were divided randomly into normal group,sham operation group and the IVH group. The IVH model was produced using the method of injecting their own blood in their brains. Animals in shame operation group received operation of opening the scalp and drilling on the skull. Results The level of noradrenalin of the brainstem: the level of noradrenalin in the IVH group began to rise gradually after 6 hrs and reached the highest point after 1 day, it began to decrease 3 days after injecting blood, but it was still higher than the control group; the differences at 6 hrs, 1 day, and 3 days from that in control group were statistically significant (P<0. 05). Conclusions After the IVH, the brain tissue nordrenalin level was increased. Thus NE might have important effect on brain tissue damage after the ventricular hemorrhage, cause other organs secondary lesion, and aggravate illness.

  12. HPLC法测定肾上腺素和去甲肾上腺素原料药中有关物质%Determination of related substances in adrenaline and noradrenaline crude drugs by HPLC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李佩; 李银峰; 王杰晶; 张园园; 靳朝东

    2013-01-01

    目的 建立肾上腺素、去甲肾上腺素原料药中有关物质的HPLC分析方法.方法 采用五氟苯基柱(250mm×4.6mm,5 μm),流动相为0.03 mol/L磷酸二氢铵-甲醇(98∶2),检测波长280nm,进样量20 μL,体积流量1.0 mL/min,柱温20℃.结果 肾上腺素、去甲肾上腺素两种物质与其降解产物均能达到基线分离,重复性好,且呈现较好的线性关系.结论 该方法操作简单、快速、灵敏度高,可用于肾上腺素、去甲肾上腺素原料药中有关物质的测定.

  13. 高压液相电化学法测定血浆肾上腺素和去甲肾上腺素%Determination of Plasma Adrenaline and Noradrenaline by HPLC-ECD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胥达; 吴淑庆; 王新兴; 冷雪; 杨发青; 钱令嘉

    2005-01-01

    目的建立高压液相电化学法测定血浆肾上腺素(E)和去甲肾上腺素(NE)的方法,用于检测应激前后机体血浆肾上腺素和去甲肾上腺素的变化.方法 对20名受试人员,进行3 d的睡眠剥脱作为应激刺激,应用电化学检测器测定血浆肾上腺素和去甲肾上腺素浓度.观察应激前后血浆肾上腺素和去甲肾上腺素的变化.结果 建立的方法回收率在95%以上,准确性及重复性较好.在试用中用该方法检测出应激后机体血浆去甲肾上腺素、肾上腺素较应激前明显升高(P<0.05).结论 建立的方法可用于实验室常规检查.

  14. Analysis on Adrenaline and Noradrenaline Using Electrophoresis Capillary System%高效毛细管电泳法分离肾上腺素和去甲肾上腺素

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫滨; 张秋红; 张惠云

    2003-01-01

    利用毛细管电泳法分离肾上腺素,去甲肾上腺素,采用自由区带电泳法(CZE),40mmol/L硼砂缓冲液20PSI气压进样5s,等电压20KV分离12min,应用200nm波长检测,分离温度25℃.结果显示两种物质完全分离.

  15. 肾上腺素、去甲肾上腺素刺激培养的大鼠心肌细胞凋亡%Adrenaline and noradrenaline stimulate cardiac myocyte apoptosis in rat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张义江; 黄德嘉; 崔凯军; 王树人; 王玉芳

    2001-01-01

    目的:观察肾上腺素(AD)或去甲肾上腺素(NA)刺激体外培养的大鼠心肌细胞凋亡,探讨其作用机制.方法:大鼠心肌细胞分别暴露于10-7mol/L的NA,10-7mol/L的AD,NA+酚妥拉明(10-7mol/L),NA+艾司洛尔(10-7mol/L),AD+酚妥拉明(10-7mol/L)或AD+艾司洛尔(10-7mol/L)24 h.流式细胞仪检测凋亡水平.结果:NA使凋亡细胞百分率由(4.2±1.6)%增加到(10.0±5.0)%(P<0.01;n=8),此作用可被艾司洛尔完全抑制,而不受酚妥拉明影响.AD与NA的作用相仿,使凋亡细胞百分率增加到(12.8±7.9)%,且AD诱导的凋亡同样被艾司洛尔完全抑制但不受酚妥拉明的影响.结论:AD和NA可能通过激活β肾上腺素能通路,促进体外培养的大鼠心肌细胞凋亡.

  16. 依托咪酯持续输注对犬肾上腺素及去甲肾上腺素的影响%Effects of different doses of continuous etomidate infusion on adrenaline and noradrenaline in dogs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    秦榜勇; 胡红专; 曹保锋; 朱昭琼

    2011-01-01

    目的 对比观察不同剂量依托咪酯持续输注对犬全身麻醉中血浆肾上腺素及去甲肾上腺素的影响.方法 健康成年雄性犬36只,随机分为6组(n=6),对照组(C组):1%戊巴比妥钠基础麻醉后不输注任何药物;实验组:E1、E2、E3、E4、E5五组,1%戊巴比妥钠基础麻醉后分别输注依托咪酯乳剂10、15、20、25、30μg/(kg·min)维持麻醉3h.持续监测生命体征,并用放射免疫法分别于气管插管前(To)、气管插管后1 h(T1)、2h(T2)、3 h(T3)检测血浆中肾上腺素及去甲肾上腺素的浓度.结果 E1~E5组随着持续输注依托咪酯剂量及时间的增加各时间点心率、平均动脉压、肾上腺素及去甲肾上腺素的浓度均在正常范围,比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05).结论 持续输注依托咪酯对犬肾上腺素、去甲肾上腺素及血流动力学无明显影响.

  17. Catecholamine and insulin control of lipolysis in subcutaneous adipose tissue during long-term diet-induced weight loss in obese women

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koppo, Katrien; Siklová-Vitková, Michaela; Klimcáková, Eva;

    2012-01-01

    low-calorie diet (LCD) and 3-mo weight maintenance (WM) diet. At each phase of the dietary intervention, microdialysis of subcutaneous adipose tissue (SCAT) was performed at rest and during a 3-h hyperinsulinemic euglycemic clamp. Responses of dialysate glycerol concentration (DGC) were determined...... the different phases of the diet. The adrenaline-induced increase in DGC was higher at VLCD and LCD compared with baseline condition and returned to prediet levels at WM. In the probe with adrenaline and phentolamine, the increase in DGC was higher than that in the adrenaline probe at baseline and WM......, but it was not different at VLCD and LCD. The results suggest that the responsiveness of SCAT to adrenaline-stimulated lipolysis increases during the calorie-restricted phases due to a reduction of the α(2)-adrenoceptor-mediated antilipolytic action of adrenaline. At WM, adrenaline-stimulated lipolysis returned...

  18. Proliferation and telomere length in acutely mobilized blood mononuclear cells in HIV infected patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søndergaard, S R; Essen, M V; Schjerling, P;

    2002-01-01

    The aim of the study was to investigate the mobilization of T cells in response to a stressful challenge (adrenalin stimulation), and to access T cells resided in the peripheral lymphoid organs in HIV infected patients. Seventeen patients and eight HIV seronegative controls received an adrenalin...... infusion for 1 h. Blood was sampled before, during and 1 h after adrenalin infusion. Proliferation and mean telomere restriction fragment length (telomeres) of blood mononuclear cells (BMNC) and purified CD8+ and CD4+ cells were investigated at all time points. In patients, the proliferation to pokeweed...... mitogens (PWM) was lower and decreased more during adrenalin infusion. After adrenalin infusion the proliferation to PWM was restored only in the controls. In all subjects telomeres in CD4+ cells declined during adrenalin infusion. Additionally, the patients had shortened telomeres in their CD8+ cells...

  19. Features Of Daily Dynamics Of Catecholamine Level In Myocardium Under The Influence Of Low Alcohol Drinks

    OpenAIRE

    O.I. Kostin; T.I. Dzhandarova; Т.В. Kostina

    2009-01-01

    The research goal was to study the features of daily dynamics of adrenaline and noradrenaline content in various parts of myocardium at the rats receiving nonalcoholic and alcohol-containing beer at ordinary light regimen. Substantial increase of level of adrenaline and noradrenaline in all parts of myocardium at the rats received nonalcoholic and spirit-based beer in comparison with the control. At the rats received nonalcoholic beer, authentically higher content of adrenaline and low noradr...

  20. Anaphylaxis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muraro, A; Roberts, G; Worm, M;

    2014-01-01

    features. First-line treatment for anaphylaxis is intramuscular adrenaline. Useful second-line interventions may include removing the trigger where possible, calling for help, correct positioning of the patient, high-flow oxygen, intravenous fluids, inhaled short-acting bronchodilators, and nebulized...... adrenaline. Discharge arrangements should involve an assessment of the risk of further reactions, a management plan with an anaphylaxis emergency action plan, and, where appropriate, prescribing an adrenaline auto-injector. If an adrenaline auto-injector is prescribed, education on when and how to use...

  1. THE UPTAKE OF CATECHOL AMINES AT HIGH PERFUSION CONCENTRATIONS IN THE RAT ISOLATED HEART: A NOVEL CATECHOL AMINE UPTAKE PROCESS

    OpenAIRE

    Iversen, LL

    1997-01-01

    In previous studies of the uptake of catechol amines in the rat isolated heart it was shown that adrenaline and noradrenaline were accumulated by a common mechanism (Iversen, 1963, 1965). In these experiments the uptake saturated at an external amine concentration of approximately 0.2 μg/ml. noradrenaline or 0.5 μg/ml. adrenaline. However, in subsequent experiments in which hearts were perfused with (±)-adrenaline at a concentration of 5.0 μg/ml. an unexpectedly large uptake of adrenaline was...

  2. Segurança de nebulização com 3 a 5 ml de adrenalina (1:1000) em crianças: uma revisão baseada em evidência The safety of nebulization with 3 to 5 ml of adrenaline (1:1000) in children: an evidence based review

    OpenAIRE

    Linjie Zhang; Lucas Soares Sanguebsche

    2005-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Apresentar evidências sobre a segurança da nebulização com 3 a 5 ml de adrenalina (1:1000) no tratamento das crianças com obstrução inflamatória aguda das vias aéreas. FONTES DE DADOS: Uma busca eletrônica foi feita, utilizando-se, principalmente, o banco de dados do MEDLINE (janeiro de 1949 a julho de 2004). Os critérios de inclusão do estudo para esta revisão foram: 1) ensaio clínico randomizado; 2) pacientes (até 12 anos) com diagnós tico de bronquiolite ou laringotraqueobronquit...

  3. Effects of osmotic pressure,adrenaline,activation of PKC on Cl- movement in vascular smooth muscle cells%渗透压、肾上腺素、激活PKC对血管平滑肌细胞Cl-运动的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任京力; 丘钦英; 贺华; 周园; 熊大志; 关永源

    2004-01-01

    目的探讨血管平滑肌细胞容积性调节Cl-运动的机制.方法用Cl-特异的荧光探针-MEQ及生物荧光双波长影像分析系统,观察渗透压、肾上腺素、PKC的激活以及细胞外Cl-浓度([Cl-]o)的改变对容积性调节Cl-运动的影响.结果 A10细胞静息时胞质氯离子浓度([Cl-]i)为(30.39±3.01) mmol·L-1(n=30);低渗条件使Cl-外流,[Cl-]i由静息时(30.87±3.11) mmol·L-1降低到(24.39±2.56) mmol·L-1(n=30,P<0.05);高渗时则从(24.39±2.56) mmol·L-1增加到(34.64±3.46) mmol·L-1(n=30,P<0.05);肾上腺素(10 μmol·L-1)能降低[Cl-]i, BAPTA-AM(20 μmol·L-1)能完全抑制10 μmol·L-1肾上腺素引起的[Cl-]i变化,但是两者对渗透性改变引起的[Cl-]i变化均无影响;100 nmol·L-1 PDBu可以完全抑制容积性调节的Cl-运动;降低[Cl-]o可以显著增加低渗时Cl-的外流.结论在A10细胞上,存在着容积性调节的Cl-运动及Ca2+依赖性的Cl-运动.容积性调节的Cl-运动在低渗时激活,高渗时失活;不受胞内外Ca2+的影响;PKC的激活参与了容积性调节的Cl-运动的调节.

  4. 106例老年人不稳定型心绞痛各时段血浆肾上腺素水平变化%The levels of noradrenaline and adrenaline in each phase in 106 elderly patients with unstable angina

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丰; 黄卫民; 陈蕴贤

    2004-01-01

    目的为探讨老年人不稳定型心绞痛急性发作期间及稳定期的血浆去甲肾上腺素(NE)及肾上腺素水平(E).方法 106例老年UAP患者分别于发作即时、发作后24h及稳定后2周测定血浆NE、E的含量,并设对照组比较.结果 3个时段的NE含量分别为(546.90±123.70)μg/ml、(516.60±98.80)μg/ml,(38.54±12.85)μg/ml;E含量分别为:(922.70±412.69)μg/ml,(913.27±441.60)μg/ml,(100.20±28.50)μg/ml.其24小时内的NE、E含量与平稳后2 周的含量间差别有显著性意义(P<0.01).对UAP的初发型及劳力恶化型分别对照,均有差异.为排除药物对其的影响,分别以β-受体阻滞剂、Ca2+拮抗剂等对照,差异仍有显著性意义.结论老年人在UAP的急性期中交感神经张力增高,NE、E水平升高.

  5. Simultaneous Determination of Adrenaline, Noradrenaline, Cortisone and Cortisol in Plasma with HPLC/MS/MS%HPLC/MS/MS同时测定血浆肾上腺素、去甲肾上腺素、可的松和氢化可的松的方法建立

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雍莉; 王宇; 邹晓莉; 朱岚; 谢蟪旭; 李龙江

    2014-01-01

    目的 建立高效液相色谱-质谱-质谱联用(HPLC/MS/MS)同时测定血浆中的肾上腺素、去甲肾上腺素、可的松和氢化可的松的方法.方法 样品经乙腈沉淀蛋白和萃取后,15 000 r/min离心5 min,取上清液进样分析.电喷雾离子源(ESI),正离子检测,多反应监测(MRM)方式定量分析.结果 肾上腺素、去甲肾上腺素、可的松和氢化可的松在0.02~200.00 ng/mL浓度范围内线性良好(相关系数均≥0.999),检出限分别为4.13 pg/mL、4.64 pg/mL、4.29 pg/mL和4.52 pg/mL,日内和日间精密度分别为1.19%~5.42%和2.16%~6.04%;将所建立的方法用于空白人血浆样品分析,加标回收率为80.0%~109.0%,样品测定精密度为3.93%~7.57%.结论 本研究所建立的方法快速灵敏,适合血浆样品的批量分析.

  6. 充血性心力衰竭阳虚水泛证和心气阴虚与肾上腺素及去甲肾上腺素的关系的临床观察%Relationship among adrenalin noradrenalin and heart failure

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄太权; 范华昌; 冯青根; 尤圣富; 蒋梅先

    2005-01-01

    心力衰竭(Congestive Heart Fallure)是一种复杂的临床症状群,是各种心脏病的严重阶段,其发病率高,五年存活率与恶性肿相仿。据我国50家医院住院病例调查,心力衰竭住院率只占同期心血管病住院病人的20%,但死亡率却占40%,提示预后严重。

  7. The effect of Adernalinated lidpcaine on Blood Pressure, Heart rate and Bleeding during DCR surgery in General Anesthesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Shakhrezaee

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Background and purpose : NLD obstraction causes chronic or acute Dacryiocytits resistant epiphora. Current treatment is DCR for persistent conection between lscrimal sac and nasal cavity. Vasocontrictor drugs are used facilitasing the operation.Materials and methods : Being approved in the ethics committee of the Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences the study performed on 57 patients ASAL, II whom were divided in to two groups; Adrenaline group, no=23 and non adrenaline group no= 34. 10-15-ml adrenalin 1/200000 was injected at surgical area, before surgery in AG. BP, PR and bleeding were recorded during before and 1, 3, 5, 10,… min during the surgery. The results were analysed using t-test, and paired t-test at a significance level of< 0.05.Results : Maximum BP was measured at 3 minuts after adrenaline injection. The average of bleeding in adrenaline group was 38.3 ml and in nonadernaline group was 49.16 ml(P=0.007. The time of surgery in adrenalin group is shorter than non adrenaline group(P=0.003.Conclusion : Althragh adrenaline decreased the bleeding during surgery and facilitated the procedure, it is potentially dangerous for patients with cardiovascular disease during DCR syrgery.

  8. The influence of motor activity on the development of cardiac arrhythmias during experimental emotional stress

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ulyaninskiy, L. S.; Urmancheyeva, T. G.; Stepanyan, Y. P.; Fufacheva, A. A.; Gritsak, A. V.; Kuznetsova, B. A.; Kvitka, A. A.

    1982-01-01

    Experimental emotional stress which can produce various disorders of cardiac rhythm: sinus tachycardia, atrial fibrillation, ventricular, extrasystoles and paroxysmal ventricular tachysystoles was studied. In these conditions the adrenalin content in the blood and myocardium is increased 3 to 4 times. It is found that moderate motor activity leads to a relative decrease of adrenalin in the myocardium and arrest of cardiac arrhythmias.

  9. LORRY DRIVERS WORK STRESS EVALUATED BY CATECHOLAMINES EXCRETED IN URINE

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    VANDERBEEK, AJ; MEIJMAN, TF; FRINGSDRESEN, MHW; KUIPER, JI

    1995-01-01

    Objectives-To evaluate lorry drivers' work stress by measurement of adrenaline and noradrenaline excreted in the urine, and to find out which factors in their working situation are related to the excretion rates of these catecholamines. Methods-The urinary excretion of adrenaline and noradrenaline o

  10. Sympathoadrenal dysfunction in rats with chronic neurogenic hypertension

    OpenAIRE

    Dominiak, P; Kees, Frieder K.; Grobecker, H

    1985-01-01

    Compared to sham-operated controls 5 weeks after surgery neurogenic hypertensive rats with sino-aortic baroreceptor deafferentation had higher blood pressure, higher plasma noradrenaline and adrenaline levels, lower heart noradrenaline concentrations, higher adrenomedullary adrenaline levels and increased cardiac intraventricular pressure (dp/dtmax).

  11. Biochemical tests for diagnosis of phaeochromocytoma: urinary versus plasma determinations.

    OpenAIRE

    Plouin, P F; Duclos, J M; Menard, J; Comoy, E; Bohuon, C; Alexandre, J M

    1981-01-01

    Fifteen patients with hypertension due to phaeochromocytoma and 35 controls with essential hypertension were studied to assess the diagnostic value of urinary and plasma biochemical determinations in phaeochromocytoma. In every case of phaeochromocytoma the urinary concentration of vanillylmandelate, metanephrines, or adrenaline plus noradrenaline was diagnostic of the disease irrespective of whether the patient was normotensive or hypertensive at the time. Plasma determinations of adrenaline...

  12. Brief note about plasma catecholamines kinetics and submaximal exercise in untrained standardbreds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paolo Baragli

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Four untrained standardbred horses performed a standardized exercise test on the treadmill and an automated blood collection system programmed to obtain blood samples every 15 s was used for blood collection in order to evaluate the kinetics of adrenaline and noradrenaline. The highest average values obtained for adrenaline and noradrenaline were 15.0 ± 3.0 and 15.8 ± 2.8 nmol/l respectively, with exponential accumulation of adrenaline (r = 0.977 and noradrenaline (r = 0.976 during the test. Analysis of the correlation between noradrenaline and adrenaline for each phase of the test shows that correlation coefficient decreases as the intensity of exercise increases (from r = 0.909 to r = 0.788. This suggests that during submaximal exercise, the process for release, distribution and clearance of adrenaline into blood circulation differs from that of noradrenaline.

  13. RESPIRATORY SYSTEM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    7.1 Upper Respiratory Tract Diesase And Bronchial Asthma 2007072 Dysfunction of releasing adrenaline in asthmatic adrenaline medullary chromaffin cells due to functional redundancy primed by nerve growth factor. WANG Jun(汪俊), et al. Dept Resp Dis Xiangya Hosp Central South Univ, Changsha 410008. Chin J Tuberc Dis 2006;29(12):812-815. Objective To investigate the possible causes of the dysfunction of adrenaline release in asthma rats and to identify the role of nerve growth factor(NGF) in this process.

  14. ST-elevations-myokardieinfarkt efter terapeutisk adrenalininjektion

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rømhild Davidsen, Jesper; Lambrechtsen, Jess; Egstrup, Kenneth

    2006-01-01

    A case of acute myocardial infarction (AMI) following accidental iatrogenic overdose by adrenaline injection is described in a male aged 55 years. This patient was given 1 mg of adrenaline due to anaphylactic symptoms. Afterwards he presented with angina pectoris, dyspnoea and ST-segment elevation...... in the ECG. Plasma TnT and CK-MB were raised. A coronary angiography revealed a 66% stenosis of RCA. This patient had an asymptomatic RCA stenosis that probably became symptomatic due to coronary artery spasm related to adrenaline injection and thereby presented symptoms and signs of AMI....

  15. Indikation for adrenalinautoinjektor efter anafylaksi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Malling, Hans-Jørgen; Hansen, Kirsten Skamstrup; Mosbech, Holger

    2012-01-01

    Anaphylaxis is a potentially fatal hypersensitivity reaction, which should be treated with adrenaline. Patients at risk of recurrent anaphylaxis after the initial episode should be prescribed an adrenalin autoinjector. The patients include persons, who are allergic to insect venom, before...... they reach the maintenance dose of allergen-specific immunotherapy, persons with food allergy who are at risk of accidental intakes, persons with anaphylaxis induced by low-intensity physical activity, and idiopathic anaphylaxis. The recommended dose of adrenaline is 0.15 mg for children up to 20 kg and 0...

  16. Plasma catecholamine and serum gastrin concentrations during sham feeding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bekker, Carsten; Andersen, D; Kronborg, O;

    1983-01-01

    Plasma adrenaline, plasma noradrenaline and serum gastrin concentrations were measured before and after sham feeding in eight patients with duodenal ulcer and in four normal subjects. No significant change in the concentrations was observed after sham feeding. In three patients with duodenal ulcer...... an insulin test resulted in a 25-fold rise in plasma adrenaline. The ulcer patients showed significantly higher levels of plasma adrenaline and plasma noradrenaline than the normal subjects both before and after sham feeding, and this difference was probably not caused only by age difference in the two...

  17. Circulating catecholamines in exercise and hyperventilation induced asthma.

    OpenAIRE

    Barnes, P. J.; Brown, M. J.; Silverman, M; Dollery, C. T.

    1981-01-01

    Plasma noradrenaline, adrenaline, and cyclic 3'5' AMP (cAMP) were measured in seven asthmatic patients with known exercise-induced bronchospasm and six matched non-atopic control subjects during a standard treadmill exercise test and then during matched isocapnic hyperventilation. Normal subjects showed a 5.5 fold rise in noradrenaline and a 3.2 fold rise in adrenaline during exercise compared with a 2.1 fold rise in noradrenaline and no significant rise in adrenaline in asthmatics who all de...

  18. The mode of action of caffeine on catecholamine release from perfused adrenal glands of cat.

    OpenAIRE

    Yamada, Y.; Nakazato, Y; Ohga, A.

    1989-01-01

    1 Adrenaline and noradrenaline secretion induced by caffeine was investigated in the perfused cat adrenal glands. 2 Caffeine (10-80 mM) caused a dose-dependent increase in both adrenaline and noradrenaline secretion when applied for 1 min and 10 min after replacing Ca2+ with 10(-5)M EGTA in the perfusion solution. The ratio of adrenaline to noradrenaline was about 1:1. Mg2+ and/or Ca2+ inhibited the response to caffeine. 3 When caffeine (40 mM) was repeatedly applied in the absence of extrace...

  19. The effects of alpha- and beta-adrenoceptor activation on tension and membrane properties of the longitudinal smooth muscle of the chicken rectum.

    OpenAIRE

    Komori, S; Ohashi, H; Takewaki, T.

    1980-01-01

    1. Isolated longitudinal muscle strips from the chicken rectum responded to isoprenaline, adrenaline and noradrenaline with a prolonged relaxation. The concentrations required to produce 50% of the maximum relaxation were 1.3 x 10(-8) M for isoprenaline, 1.7 x 10(-8) M for adrenaline and 10(-6) M for noradrenaline. The relaxing potency of isoprenaline is about equal to that of adrenaline, but more than 50 times that of noradrenaline. 2. Propranolol, 3.4 x 10(-6) M, blocked the isoprenaline-in...

  20. Physiological antagonism between ventricular β1-adrenoceptors and α1-adrenoceptors but no evidence for β2- and β3-adrenoceptor function in murine heart

    OpenAIRE

    Heubach, Jürgen F; Rau, Thomas; Eschenhagen, Thomas; Ravens, Ursula; Kaumann, Alberto J

    2002-01-01

    Murine left atrium lacks inotropic β2-adrenoceptor function. We investigated whether β2-adrenoceptors are involved in the cardiostimulant effects of (−)-adrenaline on spontaneously beating right atria and paced right ventricular myocardium of C57BL6 mice. We also studied a negative inotropic effect of (−)-adrenaline.Sinoatrial tachycardia, evoked by (−)-adrenaline was resistant to blockade by β2-selective ICI 118,551 (50 nM) but antagonized by β1-selective CGP 20712A (300 nM). This pattern wa...

  1. Brief note about plasma catecholamines kinetics and submaximal exercise in untrained standardbreds

    OpenAIRE

    Paolo Baragli; Sara Pacchini; Domenico Gatta; Michele Ducci; Claudio Sighieri

    2010-01-01

    Four untrained standardbred horses performed a standardized exercise test on the treadmill and an automated blood collection system programmed to obtain blood samples every 15 s was used for blood collection in order to evaluate the kinetics of adrenaline and noradrenaline. The highest average values obtained for adrenaline and noradrenaline were 15.0 ± 3.0 and 15.8 ± 2.8 nmol/l respectively, with exponential accumulation of adrenaline (r = 0.977) and noradrenaline (r = 0.976) during the test...

  2. Features Of Daily Dynamics Of Catecholamine Level In Myocardium Under The Influence Of Low Alcohol Drinks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O.I. Kostin

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The research goal was to study the features of daily dynamics of adrenaline and noradrenaline content in various parts of myocardium at the rats receiving nonalcoholic and alcohol-containing beer at ordinary light regimen. Substantial increase of level of adrenaline and noradrenaline in all parts of myocardium at the rats received nonalcoholic and spirit-based beer in comparison with the control. At the rats received nonalcoholic beer, authentically higher content of adrenaline and low noradrenaline in myocardium in comparison with animals received alcohol-containing beer was observed. The circadian dynamics of catecholamine level in all parts of heart myocardium was disturbed at animals of both experimental groups in comparison with the control. The revealed disturbances of level of daily catecholamine dynamics in myocardium under the influence of beer, undoubtedly, are bound with negative action of nonalcoholic nature ingredients present in beer. Key words: adrenaline, noradrenaline, myocardium, low alcohol drinks.

  3. Catecholamine blood test

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norepinephrine -- blood; Epinephrine -- blood; Adrenalin -- blood; Dopamine -- blood ... A blood sample is needed. ... the test. This is especially true if both blood and urine catecholamines are to be measured. You ...

  4. Splanchnic and renal elimination and release of catecholamines in cirrhosis. Evidence of enhanced sympathetic nervous activity in patients with decompensated cirrhosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ring-Larsen, H; Kanstrup, I L; Christensen, N J;

    1984-01-01

    Plasma noradrenaline (NA) and adrenaline (A) concentrations were determined in different vascular areas in 32 patients with cirrhosis and in nine controls during a right sided heart, liver, and renal vein catheterisation. The patients were divided into four groups: (I) Compensated (without ascites......, respectively, the three last mentioned values being significantly raised (p less than 0.01). Median arterial adrenaline concentrations were not significantly increased. In patients arterial-hepatic venous extraction ratios of noradrenaline and adrenaline were on the average 25% (p less than 0.01) and 20% (p...... differences were significantly increased in groups II, III and IV (0.47, 0.53 and 0.68 nmol/l, p less than 0.01), indicating a significant net release of noradrenaline from the kidneys in recompensated and decompensated patients. Renal extraction of adrenaline was normal. In conclusion, increased arterial...

  5. Epinephrine-stimulated glycogen breakdown activates glycogen synthase and increases insulin-stimulated glucose uptake in epitrochlearis muscles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolnes, Anders J; Birk, Jesper Bratz; Eilertsen, Einar;

    2015-01-01

    Adrenaline increases glycogen synthase (GS) phosphorylation and decreases GS activity but also stimulates glycogen breakdown and low glycogen content normally activates GS. To test the hypothesis that glycogen content directly regulates GS phosphorylation, glycogen breakdown was stimulated...... in condition with decreased GS activation. Saline or adrenaline (0.02mg/100g rat) was injected subcutaneously in Wistar rats (~130 g) with low (24 h fasted), normal (normal diet) and high glycogen content (fasted-refed) and epitrochlearis muscles were removed after 3 h and incubated ex vivo eliminating...... adrenaline action. Adrenaline injection reduced glycogen content in epitrochlearis muscles with high (120.7±17.8 vs 204.6±14.5 mmol•kg(-1); p

  6. Impaired glucose-induced thermogenesis in skeletal muscle in obesity. The role of the sympathoadrenal system

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Astrup, A; Andersen, T; Henriksen, O;

    1987-01-01

    with the lean controls. Glucose induced a similar increase in leg noradrenaline release in both obese groups, whereas the arterial adrenaline level was lower in the LEI group compared with the HEI group and with the lean controls (P = 0.04). Among the obese subjects the degree of glucose intolerance...... was inversely correlated with the post-glucose arterial adrenaline level (r = -0.55, and P = 0.04), and positively correlated with the fractional leg adrenaline extraction (r = 0.71, and P = 0.003). The results suggest that patients who are obese in spite of a fairly low energy intake have a reduced glucose...... nervous system. It is hypothesized that the reduced arterial adrenaline level in the LEI group is caused by hyperglycaemic suppression of the adrenomedullary secretion and further that this may be a link connecting deterioration of glucose tolerance and a thermogenic defect in obesity....

  7. Dynamics of plasma catecholamine and corticosterone concentrations during reinforced and extinguished operant behavior in rats

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Boer, S.F.; de Beun, R; Slangen, J L; van der Gugten, J

    1990-01-01

    Plasma noradrenaline (NA), adrenaline (A) and corticosterone (CS) concentrations were determined simultaneously in permanently heart-cannulated rats before and during the performance of reinforced and nonreinforced (extinguished) operant behavior. Shortly before the experimental food-reinforced (VI

  8. Management of anaphylaxis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dhami, S; Panesar, S S; Roberts, G;

    2014-01-01

    To establish the effectiveness of interventions for the acute and long-term management of anaphylaxis, seven databases were searched for systematic reviews, randomized controlled trials, quasi-randomized controlled trials, controlled clinical trials, controlled before-after studies and interrupted...... time series and - only in relation to adrenaline - case series investigating the effectiveness of interventions in managing anaphylaxis. Fifty-five studies satisfied the inclusion criteria. We found no robust studies investigating the effectiveness of adrenaline (epinephrine), H1-antihistamines......, systemic glucocorticosteroids or methylxanthines to manage anaphylaxis. There was evidence regarding the optimum route, site and dose of administration of adrenaline from trials studying people with a history of anaphylaxis. This suggested that administration of intramuscular adrenaline into the middle...

  9. Effect of Age, Adernaline and Operation Site on Duration of Caudal Analgesia in Paediatric Patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kharirat Mohd., Yasir,G.A.Mir

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available The effect ofage, operative site and addition of 1: 200,000 adrenaline to bupivacaine was evaluatedon the duration ofpost operative analgesia after caudal block in 200 children between the age groupof 1 year to 14 years. Anaesthesia was induced and maintained on Halothane/N20I02• After thiscaudal block was performed with 0.5 mllkg of0.25% bupivacaine in one group of 100 Children andwith 0.25% bupivacaine with adrenaline 1 : 200,000 in another 100 children. The duration of postoperative analgesia was noted to be significantly longer in young children, in children having penoscrotaloperations and when adrenaline was added to bupivacaine. Conclusion was drawn that durationofpost-operative analgesia depended upon age, site and addition of adrenaline to bupivacaine.

  10. Establishment of a paediatric age-related reference interval for the measurement of urinary total fractionated metanephrines.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Griffin, Alison

    2011-01-01

    Normetanephrine and metanephrine are intermediate metabolites of noradrenaline and adrenaline metabolism. To assess whether normetanephrine and metanephrine analysis may aid in the diagnosis of Neuroblastoma, a reference interval for these metabolites must first be established.

  11. Catecholamines, mood, and cardiovascular control

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.H.M. Tulen (Joke)

    1993-01-01

    textabstractThe research presented in this thesis addresses the above mentioned issue on the basis of four psychophysiological experiments. These experiments were aimed at separately manipulating concentrations of circulating adrenaline and noradrenaline by means of infusions of catecholamines, phar

  12. Elevated plasma catecholamines in young hypertensive and hyperkinetic patients: Effect of pindolol

    OpenAIRE

    Dominiak, P; Grobecker, H

    1982-01-01

    1 The sympathetic nervous system plays an important role in the regulation of blood pressure. Plasma catecholamine concentrations are considered to be reliable indices of sympatho-neuronal (noradrenaline) and sympatho-adrenal (adrenaline) activity and reactivity in man.

  13. Essential Tremor (ET): Coping Tips for Everyday Living

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... yoga, meditation, etc. and links to related websites. Dental visits Ask for adrenaline-free anethesia shots. Notify ... are pre-loaded with this. When choosing a digital camera, pick one with image stabilization technology. Airport ...

  14. Indirect role of alpha2-adrenoreceptors in anti-ulcer effect mechanism of nimesulide in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suleyman, Halis; Halici, Zekai; Cadirci, Elif; Hacimuftuoglu, Ahmet; Keles, Sait; Gocer, Fatma

    2007-05-01

    Nimesulide, a non-steroidal, anti-inflammatory drug, produces ulcerogenic effects in adrenalectomized rats but is gastro-protective in intact rats. The objective of this study was to determine whether adrenal gland hormones are involved in the anti-ulcer effects of nimesulide. The results revealed that 100 mg/kg nimesulide produces gastric ulceration in adrenalectomized rats, which is prevented by prednisolone and adrenaline. The anti-ulcer effects of adrenaline and prednisolone in adrenalectomized rats were in turn antagonized by yohimbine, a selective alpha(2)-receptor blocker, but not by doxazosine (alpha(1)-receptor blocker) or propranolol (beta-blocker). Adrenaline prevented the formation of indomethacin-induced ulcers in both adrenalectomized and intact rats, but prednisolone increased the indomethacin-induced ulcerous area in intact rats, whereas it decreased the size of the ulcers in adrenalectomized rats. In addition, prednisolone prevented ulcer formation in intact rats in which the adrenaline concentration had been decreased by metyrosine. These results suggest that glucocorticoids are anti-ulcerogenic in not only adrenalectomized rats but also in intact rats with diminished circulating levels of adrenaline. In the light of these data, the effect of nimesulide on plasma adrenaline concentrations was studied. In comparison to the adrenaline levels found in intact control rats, the administration of nimesulide at doses of 10, 20, 40 and 100 mg/kg decreased adrenaline concentrations by 12.8, 22.6, 30.4, and 58.2%, respectively, without affecting blood corticosterone concentrations. The anti-ulcer effect of nimesulide was observed to be dose-dependent, and the strength of this effect was directly correlated the decreasing concentration of adrenaline. The concentration of adrenaline was decreased by 60.9% in rats treated with 300 mg/kg metyrosine in which prednisolone produced anti-ulcer effects. In summary, we have shown that nimesulide produces its anti

  15. Effects of prenatal exposure to different colors on offsprings mood

    OpenAIRE

    Afra Khosravi; Sara Faryadian

    2015-01-01

    Objective(s): There is much evidence indicating that depression is influenced by the levels of neurotransmitters such as dopamine, GABA and adrenaline. The current study we designed to investigate the effect of exposure of pregnant rats to different colors on neurotransmitters level, as indicators of mood disorders in off springs. Materials and Methods: Five groups of pregnant female Wistar rats (eight rats in each group) were enrolled in this study. Dopamine, adrenaline and GABA concentratio...

  16. Behavioral stress accelerates prostate cancer development in mice

    OpenAIRE

    Hassan, Sazzad; Karpova, Yelena; Baiz, Daniele; Yancey, Dana; Pullikuth, Ashok; Flores, Anabel; Register, Thomas; Cline, J. Mark; D’Agostino, Ralph; Danial, Nika; Datta, Sandeep Robert; Kulik, George

    2013-01-01

    Prostate cancer patients have increased levels of stress and anxiety. Conversely, men who take beta blockers, which interfere with signaling from the stress hormones adrenaline and noradrenaline, have a lower incidence of prostate cancer; however, the mechanisms underlying stress–prostate cancer interactions are unknown. Here, we report that stress promotes prostate carcinogenesis in mice in an adrenaline-dependent manner. Behavioral stress inhibited apoptosis and delayed prostate tumor invol...

  17. Reduced plasma noradrenaline during angiotensin II-induced acute hypertension in man

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl; Kastrup, J; Christensen, N J

    1985-01-01

    1. Plasma noradrenaline and adrenaline concentrations were measured in ten subjects before, during and after intravenous infusion of angiotensin II (ANG II) in order to determine the sympathoadrenal response of ANG II challenge in man. In five subjects ganglionic blockade was additionally performed...... by intravenous infusion of trimethaphan. 2. During ANG II infusion mean arterial blood pressure increased by 30% (P adrenaline decreased less. 3. During ganglionic blockade plasma noradrenaline decreased significantly (P

  18. Radiation Chemistry Studies on Chemotherapeutic Agents

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gohn, M.; Getoff, N.; Bjergbakke, Erling

    1977-01-01

    Adrenalin has been studied as a model radiation protective agent by means of pulse radiolysis in aqueous solutions. The rate constants for the reactions of adrenalin with e–aq and OH were determined : k(e–aq+ adr—NH+2)= 7.5 × 108 dm3 mol–1 s–1, k(e–aq+ adr—NH)= 2.5 × 108 dm3 mol–1 s–1, and k...

  19. Předpoklady rozvoje cestovního ruchu na Prachaticku

    OpenAIRE

    MRÁZ, Pavel

    2009-01-01

    Bachelor thesis is focused on tourism in Prachatice. The main aim of this work was analysis of the tourism in Prachatice, preparation of the product package and the completion of marketing research. The results of the survey indicated the typical visitor profile. Based on the profile, a new product was created called {\\clqq}Cycling for Nature, History and Adrenaline in the Prachatice Area``. The produkt concerns cycling tourism, adrenaline experiences, discovering towns, nature and chateaux. ...

  20. Cortisol Level and Hemodynamic Changes During Tooth Extraction at Hypertensive and Normotensive Patients

    OpenAIRE

    Agani, Zana Bajrami; Benedetti, Alberto; Krasniqi, Vjosa Hamiti; Ahmedi, Jehona; Sejfija, Zana; Loxha, Mergime Prekazi; Murtezani, Arben; Rexhepi, Aida Namani; Ibraimi, Zana

    2015-01-01

    Background: The patients that are subjects to oral-surgical interventions produce large amounts of steroids in comparison with healthy patients which are not a subject to any dental intervention. The aim of research was to determine the level of stress hormone cortisol in serum, arterial blood pressure and arterial pulse, and to compare the effectiveness of the usage of lidocaine with adrenalin in comparison with lidocaine without adrenalin during the tooth extraction. Patients and methods: T...

  1. Tako-tsubo-like cardiomyopathy after EpiPen administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zubrinich, C M; Farouque, H M Omar; Rochford, S E; Sutherland, M F

    2008-11-01

    Tako-tsubo-like cardiomyopathy is characterized by acute chest pain, electrocardiographic changes and increased cardiac enzymes in the absence of obstructive coronary vessel disease. We describe the development of tako-tsubo-like cardiomyopathy in an elderly woman after the use of an EpiPen for generalized urticaria and angioedema. As adrenaline may participate in the pathogenesis of this condition, the need for careful patient selection and education in the use of adrenaline self-injectors remains imperative.

  2. Plasma catecholamines in Down's syndrome, at rest and during sympathetic stimulation.

    OpenAIRE

    Udeschini, G; Casati, G.; Bassani, F.; Picotti, G.B.; Culotta, P

    1985-01-01

    Five adult female patients with Down's syndrome were compared with five age-matched controls in the standing and cold pressor tests. In both tests, there were no differences between the two groups in heart rate, systolic and diastolic blood pressure or plasma noradrenaline, adrenaline and dopamine concentrations. However, plasma adrenaline tended to be higher in the Down's group, both in the standing and the cold pressor tests.

  3. Muscarinic and nicotinic mechanisms in the responses of the adrenal medulla of the dog and cat to reflex stimuli and to cholinomimetic drugs.

    OpenAIRE

    Critchley, J A; Ellis, P; Henderson, C. G.; Ungar, A.; West, C P

    1986-01-01

    In isolated perfused adrenal glands of the cat, muscarinic and nicotinic agonists selectively released adrenaline and noradrenaline respectively. In isolated perfused adrenal glands of the dog, the output of adrenaline and noradrenaline remained in a fixed ratio at rest and when stimulated by muscarinic or by nicotinic agonists. In the anaesthetized dog, a combination of muscarinic and nicotinic antagonists was needed to block reflex responses of the adrenal medulla. A nicotinic antagonist wa...

  4. A study of the action of clonidine on secretion from the adrenal medulla in dogs.

    OpenAIRE

    Anglade, F.; Dang Tran, L.; De Saint Blanquat, G.; Gaillard, G.; Michel-Damase, C.; Montastruc, J. L.; Montastruc, P; Rostin, M.; Tran, M. A.

    1987-01-01

    The effects of clonidine on adrenal catecholamine (adrenaline and noradrenaline) secretion were investigated in chloralose-anaesthetized dogs. Intravenous administration of clonidine (10 and 20 micrograms kg-1) induced a decrease in both adrenal catecholamine secretion rates and cardiovascular parameters (blood pressure and heart rate). In contrast, a dose of 5 micrograms kg-1 was ineffective. Intracisternal clonidine (in a lower dose of 3 micrograms kg-1) also decreased adrenaline and noradr...

  5. Catecholamine and cortisol levels in Oxford college rowers.

    OpenAIRE

    Pearson, R; Ungpakorn, G; Harrison, G. A.

    1995-01-01

    Urinary catecholamines and cortisol levels in two teams of Oxford college eight oarsmen were compared on three different day types: training days, racing days, and non-rowing days. Adrenaline and cortisol were raised on racing and training days compared to non-racing days. Noradrenaline was raised on training days, reflecting longer periods of physical exercise during training. There was evidence of a progressive lowering of adrenaline output over consecutive race days and that the outcome of...

  6. Brain catecholamines in spontaneously hypertensive and DOCA-salt hypertensive rats.

    OpenAIRE

    Fujino, Kazuyuki

    1984-01-01

    The concentrations and alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine (alpha-MPT) induced disappearance of catecholamines, adrenaline, noradrenaline and dopamine, were measured in selected areas of the brainstem and hypothalamus of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA)-salt hypertensive rats. The catecholamine levels were measured by a sensitive radioenzymatic assay method combined with microdissection of the rat brain. The adrenaline concentration was higher in the area A1 of...

  7. Stereoselectivity of extraneuronal uptake of catecholamines in guinea-pig trachealis smooth muscle cells.

    OpenAIRE

    Bryan, L. J.; O'Donnell, S R

    1984-01-01

    The extraneuronal uptake of the (-)- and (+)-isomers of three catecholamines, isoprenaline, adrenaline and noradrenaline, were compared in guinea-pig trachealis smooth muscle cells, by a fluorescence microphotometric method. Preliminary experiments showed that the initial rates of uptake of the (-)-isomers were greater than those of the (+)-isomers in tissues incubated in 25 microM adrenaline or noradrenaline or 50 microM isoprenaline. More detailed experiments showed that the Km values of th...

  8. Effects of intravenous endralazine in essential hypertension.

    OpenAIRE

    Hoffmann, J J; Thien, T.; van t'Laar, A

    1983-01-01

    The effects of endralazine, administered intravenously, on blood pressure, heart rate, forearm blood flow, plasma renin activity, aldosterone, adrenaline and noradrenaline were studied in five patients with essential hypertension. Endralazine reduced peripheral vascular resistance, resulting in decrease in mean arterial pressure from 141 to 116 mm Hg and increase in heart rate from 67 to 92 beats/min. Plasma renin activity, adrenaline and noradrenaline increased significantly after endralazin...

  9. CATECHOLAMINES AND β2-ADRENOCEPTOR GENE EXPRESSION BEFORE AND AFTER MAXIMAL INCREMENTAL CYCLE TEST IN YOUNG ICE HOCKEY PLAYERS: RELATION TO WORK PERFORMED

    OpenAIRE

    Kochanska-Dziurowicz, A. A.; Janikowska, G.; Bogacz, A; Bijak, A.; Stanjek-Cichoracka, A.; Mazurek, U.; Gabrys, T.

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to assess the plasma adrenaline and noradrenaline concentrations as well as whole blood β2-adrenoceptor gene (ADRB2) expression in young ice hockey players before and immediately after exercise in relation to performed work. Nineteen Youth National Team ice hockey players were subjected to the maximal incremental cycloergometer exercise. The test was done in the pre-competitive phase of training. Among many parameters the plasma adrenaline and noradrenaline concentra...

  10. Dexmedetomidine induced catecholamine suppression in pheochromocytoma

    OpenAIRE

    Singh, Sanjeev; Singh, Arti

    2014-01-01

    Pheochromocytoma is a neuroendocrine tumour of chromaffin cells, though rare but a known cause of paroxysmal hypertension with a triad of headache, diaphoresis and palpitation. The biochemical diagnosis of pheochromocytoma is based on estimation of plasma nor-adrenaline, adrenaline and their metabolites in plasma or urine. Clonidine suppression test is performed to differentiate the raised catecholamine level due to pheochromocytoma or other than heochromocytoma especially in cases where plas...

  11. Lorry drivers' work stress evaluated by catecholamines excreted in urine.

    OpenAIRE

    van der Beek, A J; Meijman, T.F; Frings-Dresen, M. H.; Kuiper, J I; Kuiper, S.

    1995-01-01

    OBJECTIVES--To evaluate lorry drivers' work stress by measurement of adrenaline and noradrenaline excreted in the urine, and to find out which factors in their working situation are related to the excretion rates of these catecholamines. METHODS--The urinary excretion of adrenaline and noradrenaline of 32 lorry drivers, who also had loading and unloading activities to perform, was studied for one working day and one rest day. Each driver was asked to provide six urine samples on both days. RE...

  12. Cardiovascular effects of injections of vasopressin into the nucleus tractus solitarius in conscious rats.

    OpenAIRE

    King, K A; Pang, C. C.

    1987-01-01

    The effects of injections of arginine vasopressin (AVP) into the nucleus tractus solitarius (NTS) on mean arterial pressure (MAP), heart rate (HR) and plasma concentrations of noradrenaline and adrenaline were investigated in conscious, unrestrained rats. Injection of 2 ng AVP into the NTS significantly increased MAP but not plasma catecholamine concentrations, while injection of 10 ng AVP significantly increased MAP and plasma noradrenaline and adrenaline levels. Neither dose of AVP produced...

  13. The occurrence of postsynaptic alpha- and beta-adrenoceptors in the guinea-pig gall bladder.

    OpenAIRE

    Doggrell, S A; Scott, G W

    1980-01-01

    1 Guinea-pig gall bladder strips were contracted by (-)-noradrenaline, 10(-5) M, and by field stimulation at 5 Hz (in the absence or presence of 10(-6) M atropine) and relaxed to 10(-5) M (-)-isoprenaline. (-)-Adrenaline, 10(-5) M, predominantly contracted, but sometimes relaxed, this preparation. 2 In the presence of 10(-6) M phentolamine, contractions to (-)-noradrenaline and to (-)-adrenaline were reversed to relaxations. The relaxations produced by (-)-isoprenaline were unaltered. In the ...

  14. Effects of various pharmacological agents on exposed heart of uromastix hardwickii

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: The pharmacological and physiological studies on cardiac activity of reptiles specifically of Uromastix hardwickii are scarcely available in literature, as well as the effects of parasympathetic and sympathetic agonists together are also not available. Therefore, the mechanical and electrophysiological effects of pharmacological agents, like Physostigmine and its effects before and after Adrenaline administration were observed on the exposed and intact heart of a reptile, Uromastix hardwickii. Method: To work on exposed heart of Uromastix hardwickii, Physostigmine and Adrenaline were prepared by dissolving 0.01 gm in 10 ml of distilled water. Oscillograph was used to record the mechanical and electrical activity of intact heart through isotonic transducer. Result: Physostigmine was found to produce significant effect on Systolic Force (SF), Duration of cardiac cycle (DCC) and Duration of Phase 4 (DP4). Significant effect of Physostigmine was also observed on heart rate (HR) before Adrenaline administration and on DP4 after Adrenaline administration. Conclusion: It was confirmed that Physostigmine does not exhibit its normal effect on Amplitude of Action Potential, cardiac cycle (CC), Duration of action potential (DAP), Plateau Duration and DP4. Physostigmine is affecting the cardiac activity of this reptile without inhibiting the cholinesterase and not accumulating the Acetylcholine. It modulates the effects of Adrenaline when used before the administration of Adrenaline. (author)

  15. Effects of ovarian stimulation on blood pressure and plasma catecholamine levels.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tollan, A; Oian, P; Kjeldsen, S E; Holst, N; Eide, I

    1993-07-01

    Effects of ovarian stimulation for in vitro fertilization on blood pressure and plasma catecholamine levels were studied in 10 women. The examinations were carried out before hormonal treatment with human menopausal gonadotropin (day three of the menstrual cycle, mean serum oestradiol concentration 0.2 nmol l-1, and on the day after ovulation induction with human chorionic gonadotropin (cycle days 10-12, mean serum oestradiol concentration 7.4 nmol l-1). Systolic and diastolic blood pressures (mean +/- SD) decreased 6.7 +/- 8.6 mm Hg, p = 0.049, and 5.3 +/- 4.7 mm Hg, p = 0.009, respectively), and venous plasma noradrenaline increased (42 +/- 44 pg ml-1, p = 0.02) during ovarian stimulation. No significant change was observed in either arterial noradrenaline, arterial adrenaline or venous adrenaline. After stimulation a positive correlation was observed between systolic blood pressure and arterial adrenaline (r = 0.73, p = 0.027), and between systolic blood pressure and the arterial-venous difference for adrenaline (r = 0.81, p = 0.007). The increased venous noradrenaline levels may be a reflex-mediated activation of the sympathetic nervous tone due to a decrease in blood pressure, or may indicate reduced neuronal re-uptake of released noradrenaline. The mechanisms behind the strong correlation between adrenaline and blood pressure are unclear, but may be induced by the supraphysiological oestradiol levels. Thus, adrenaline seems to be more important for blood pressure control in this particular setting.

  16. The impact of freediving on psychomotor performance and blood catecholamine concentration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chmura, Jan; Kawczyński, Adam; Medraś, Marek; Jóźków, Paweł; Morawiec, Bartosz

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the study was to investigate the effects of breath-hold diving on divers' psychomotor performance and blood adrenaline, noradrenaline and lactate concentrations. Four male divers took part in the experiment. During the study the divers' choice reaction time as well as plasma concentration of adrenaline, noradrenaline and lactate were measured. The measurements were carried out before immersion (before a warm-up), three minutes after the dive, and 60 minutes after the dive. A reduction in the reaction time to audiovisual stimuli was found in three divers, three minutes after the dive. Diver 4, who broke his personal best record, had a longer choice reaction time at three minutes after the dive. The adrenaline concentration was lowered in Diver 1 and Diver 2, at three minutes after the dive. The adrenaline level in Diver 3 was relatively steady at all test measurements. In Diver 4, who broke his personal best, a twofold increase in adrenaline concentration was noted at three minutes after the dive. All examined divers revealed an increase in noradrenaline blood level at three minutes after the dive. The results of the study are of great practical value since disturbed reactions during freediving can put the diver at the risk of serious barotraumas. PMID:24851548

  17. Influence on driver fatigue of vertical vibrations over long distances. Assessment in terms of stress hormones; Driver no unten hiro ni okeru joge shindo no eikyo. Stress hormone wo shiyo to shite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Taguchi, T.; Inagaki, H. [Toyota Central Research and Development Labs., Inc., Aichi (Japan)

    1998-05-01

    Driving tests are conducted to obtain some indexes that describe the cumulative effect of the sense of tiredness. The heart rate, Mayer wave related sinus arrhythmia, respiratory sinus arrhythmia, urinary adrenaline, noradrenaline, and cortisol in saliva are tested. Adrenaline and Mayer wave related sinus arrhythmia are ultimately named in view of their correlation with tiredness. It is believed that tiredness is attributable to two factors, which are increase in mental stress and decrease in vigilance. An excitation test is then conducted using a motion simulator. Upon application of 4Hz vibrations (equivalent to the chest section resonance frequency), adrenaline increases sharply, and then decreases sharply upon termination of excitation. Upon application of 1.6Hz vibrations (equivalent to the head section resonance frequency), adrenaline increases but not sharply, and the elevated level is sustained for some time after excitation. Driving tests are next conducted using a vehicle with its suspension fixed and another with 1-2Hz vibrations reduced. Rise in the adrenaline level is found inhibited aboard the latter. No difference is detected in terms of Mayer wave related sinus arrhythmia between the two vehicles. 4 refs., 7 figs., 4 tabs.

  18. The influence of subacute sidnocarb treatment on cateholamine concentration in the structures of central nervous system.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Drozdov O.L.

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The psychos stimulators are known to be able to excite catecholamine mechanisms in the nervous system, in particular to increase freeing of catecholamine from presynaptic completions. The purpose of work was an estimation of changes of catecholamine (adrenalin and noradrenalin in the structures of cerebrum after sidnocarb treatment in the conditions of ex-periment on 48 Vistar rats. The model of the proof pathological state of cerebrum for rats was created by intrastomach intro-duction of sidnocarb in the dose of 5 mg/kg 2 times per a day during 14 days. The concentration of adrenalin and noradrenalin in the structures of brain was determined by flyuorometric method. The frontal area of neocortex, striate body, medialis part of talamus, pons and hypocampus were chose. The accumulation of adrenalin was observed in hypocampus and medialis part of thalamus by the 3rd day, the increase of concentration was on 26,1% and 43,9% correspondly. The considerable increase of adrenalin concentration in the striate body have been determined (on 76,7% and in the neocortex (in 2,2 times. By the 14th day of sidnocarb treatment the level of adrenalin in the pons was lower on 48,1% that in control animals. Thus, the changes of noradrenalin concentration during the development of experimental psyxosis by sidnocarb treatment were significant and had different character.

  19. Anafylaksi efter bi- eller hvepsestik i Region Syddanmark i perioden 2008-2011

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oropeza, Athamaica Ruiz; Mikkelsen, Søren; Bindslev-Jensen, Carsten;

    intramuskulær adrenalin (64 % ifølge Sampson’s skala og 76 % ifølge Muraro’s). Af de 38 patienter der blev set i Odense fik 66 % intravenøs (IV) binyrebarkhormon, 63 % IV antihistamin og 5 % IV adrenalin (blandt dem med moderat til svær anafylaksi fik op til 77 % IV binyrebarkhormon og op til 82 % IV...... antihistamin). Blandt de 55 patienter i resten af Region Syddanmark fik 80 % IV binyrebarkhormon, 78 % IV antihistamin og 7 % IV adrenalin (blandt dem med moderat til svær anafylaksi fik op til 94 % IV binyrebarkhormon og op til 90 %, IV antihistamin). Af dem der fik IV adrenalin havde 2 ud af 2 tidligere fået...... intramuskulær adrenalin i Odense-området og 1 ud af 4 i resten af Region Syddanmark. Konklusion: Over 50 % af de reporterede tilfælde af allergi efter bi- og hvepsestik kunne gradueres som moderat til svær anafylaksi. Lang de fleste fik behandling med IV binyrebarkhormon og antihistamin, men kun omkring 50 % af...

  20. The adrenergic retulation of the cardiovascular system in the South American rattlesnake, Crotalus durissus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Galli, G.L.J.; Jensen, Nini Skovgaard; Abe, A.S.;

    2007-01-01

    The present study investigates adrenergic regulation of the systemic and pulmonary circulations of the anaesthetised South American rattlesnake, Crotalus durissus. Haemodynamic measurements were made following bolus injections of adrenaline and adrenergic antagonists administered through a systemic...... arterial catheter. Adrenaline caused a marked systemic vasoconstriction that was abolished by phentolamine, indicating this response was mediated through α-adrenergic receptors. Injection of phentolamine gave rise to a pronounced vasodilatation (systemic conductance (Gsys) more than doubled), while...... injection of propranolol caused a systemic vasoconstriction, pointing to a potent α-adrenergic, and a weaker β-adrenergic tone in the systemic vasculature of Crotalus. Overall, the pulmonary vasculature was far less responsive to adrenergic stimulation than the systemic circulation. Adrenaline caused...

  1. Effect of catecholamines and insulin on plasma volume and intravascular mass of albumin in man

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hilsted, J; Christensen, N J; Larsen, S

    1989-01-01

    1. The effect of intravenous catecholamine infusions and of intravenous insulin on plasma volume and intravascular mass of albumin was investigated in healthy males. 2. Physiological doses of adrenaline (0.5 microgram/min and 3 microgram/min) increased peripheral venous packed cell volume...... significantly; intravenous noradrenaline at 0.5 microgram/min had no effect on packed cell volume, whereas packed cell volume increased significantly at 3 micrograms of noradrenaline/min. No significant change in packed cell volume was found during saline infusion. 3. During adrenaline infusion at 6 micrograms...... in packed cell volume, plasma volume, intravascular mass of albumin and transcapillary escape rate of albumin during hypoglycaemia may be explained by the combined actions of adrenaline and insulin....

  2. Dexmedetomidine overdosage: An unusual presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soumya S Nath

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We present a case of dexmedetomidine toxicity in a 3-year-old child. The case report describes the features and outlines the treatment strategy adopted. The child presented with bradypnoea, bradycardia, hypotension, deep hypnosis and miosis. He was successfully managed with oxygen, saline boluses and adrenaline infusion. He became haemodynamically stable with adrenaline infusion. He started responding to painful stimuli in 3 h and became oriented in 7 h. Dexmedetomidine, a selective α2 adrenoceptor agonist, is claimed to have a wide safety margin. This case report highlights the fact that dexmedetomidine administered in a toxic dose may be life-threatening may present with miosis and adrenaline infusion may be a useful supportive treatment.

  3. Catecholamine and electrolyte content in the animal vascular wall in radiation sickness and during administration of radioprotectors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The effect of adrenaline upon the balance of catecholamines and electrolytes in blood vessels in different time periods after whole-body X-ray irradiation and also under conditions of prophylactic prescription of cystamine is studied. The work is conducted in 90 adult cats of both sexes with the mass 2-4 kg. The whole-body X-ray irradiation is carried out at a dose of 400 R. It is shown that X-ray irradiation depending on the stage of radiaiton sickness causes quantitative and qualitative changes of normal biochemical response of vessel tissue for the introduction of different doses of adrenaline. Cystamine decreses the expression of quantitative changes and frequency of qualitative non-adequate changes of electrolyte composition and balance of catecholamines in vessel tissue of irradiated animals when introducing adrenaline in a dose of 15 μg/kg

  4. Sympathoadrenal Activation and Endothelial Damage Are Inter Correlated and Predict Increased Mortality in Patients Resuscitated after Out-Of-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    I. Johansson, Pär; Bro-Jeppesen, John; Kjaergaard, Jesper;

    2015-01-01

    at a single site ICU. Blood was sampled a median 135 min (Inter Quartile Range (IQR) 103-169) after OHCA. Plasma catecholamines (adrenaline, noradrenaline) and serum endothelial biomarkers (syndecan-1, thrombomodulin, sE-selectin, sVE-cadherin) were measured at admission (immediately after...... randomization). We had access to data on demography, medical history, characteristics of the OHCA, patients and 180-day outcome. RESULTS: Adrenaline and noradrenaline correlated positively with syndecan-1 and thrombomodulin i.e., biomarkers reflecting endothelial damage (both p<0.05). Overall 180-day mortality...... was 35%. By Cox analyses, plasma adrenaline, serum sE-selectin, reflecting endothelial cell activation, and thrombomodulin levels predicted mortality. However, thrombomodulin was the only biomarker independently associated with mortality after adjusting for gender, age, rhythm (shockable vs. non...

  5. Challenges in understanding the impact of blood pressure management on cerebral oxygenation in the preterm brain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aminath eAzhan

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Systemic hypotension in preterm infants has been related to increased mortality, cerebrovascular lesions and neurodevelopmental morbidity. Treatment of hypotension with inotropic medications aims at preservation of end organ perfusion and oxygen delivery, especially the brain. The common inotropic medications in preterm infants include dopamine, dobutamine, adrenalin, with adjunctive use of corticosteroids in cases of refractory hypotension. Whether maintenance of mean arterial blood pressure (MAP by use of inotropic medication is neuroprotective or not remains unclear. This review explores the different inotropic agents and their effects on perfusion and oxygenation in the preterm brain, in clinical studies as well as in animal models. Dopamine and adrenalin, because of their -adrenergic vasoconstrictor actions, have raised concerns of reduction in cerebral blood flow (CBF. Several studies in hypotensive preterm infants have shown that dopamine elevates CBF together with increased MAP, in keeping with limited cerebro-autoregulation. Adrenaline is also effective in raising cerebral perfusion together with MAP in preterm infants. Experimental studies in immature animals show no cerebro-vasoconstrictive effects of dopamine or adrenaline, but demonstrate the consistent findings of increased cerebral perfusion and oxygenation with the use of dopamine, dobutamine and adrenaline, alongside with raised MAP. Both clinical and animal studies report the transitory effects of adrenaline in increasing plasma lactate, and blood glucose, which might render its use as a 2nd line therapy. To investigate the cerebral effects of inotropic agents in long-term outcome in hypotensive preterm infants, carefully designed prospective research possibly including preterm infants with permissive hypotension is required. Preterm animal models would be useful in investigating the relationship between the physiological effects of inotropes and histopathology outcomes in

  6. A reflection on feelings and the history of science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dror, Otniel E

    2009-12-01

    This reflection attends to Paul White's call in his introduction to this Focus section for a history of science that is informed by the history of emotions. It offers a succinct historical exemplification of the possibilities of studying the history of science in terms of the history of emotions. It draws on Raymond Williams's concept of "structure of feeling" in arguing for the emergence of an adrenaline structure of feeling during the early twentieth century. It provides a mosaic of different views of the immanence of the adrenaline structure of feeling in diverse scientific realms by broaching some of the major themes that appear in the individual essays in this Focus section.

  7. Molecular basis of neural function

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The conference proceedings contain abstracts of plenary lectures, of young neurochemists' ESN honorary lectures, lectures at symposia and workshops and poster communications. Twenty abstracts were inputted in INIS. The subject of these were the use of autoradiography for the determination of receptors, cholecystokinin, nicotine, adrenaline, glutamate, aspartate, tranquilizers, for distribution and pharmacokinetics of obidoxime-chloride, for cell proliferation, mitosis of brain cells, DNA repair; radioimmunoassay of cholinesterase, tyrosinase; positron computed tomography of the brain; biological radiation effects on cholinesterase activity; tracer techniques for determination of adrenaline; and studies of the biological repair of nerves. (J.P.)

  8. Noradrenaline spillover during exercise in active versus resting skeletal muscle in man

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Savard, G; Strange, S; Kiens, Bente;

    1987-01-01

    measurements could be made both in the exercising and in the resting leg. Subjects exercised for 10 min at each of 50% and 100% of the peak performance capacity of the leg. Leg blood flow was measured by thermodilution and blood samples were drawn for the determination of plasma NA and adrenaline, first...... in the resting leg and then in the exercising leg. To calculate NA spillover, the extraction of NA (NAe) or of adrenalin (Ae) is required: NAe was measured by repeating the experiment under constant [3H]NA infusion following a 40-min rest period. During exercise, NA spillover was significantly larger...

  9. Acute myocardial infarction is associated with endothelial glycocalyx and cell damage and a parallel increase in circulating catecholamines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ostrowski, Sisse R; Pedersen, Sune H; Jensen, Jan S;

    2013-01-01

    -patients admitted to a single high-volume invasive heart centre for primary percutaneous coronary intervention (pPCI) from September 2006 to July 2008. Blood samples were drawn immediately before pPCI. Plasma adrenaline, noradrenaline, syndecan-1 and thrombomodulin were measured retrospectively with complete data...... in 571 patients (84%). Median follow-up time was 28 (IQR 23 to 34) months. Follow-up was 99.7% complete. Outcomes were all-cause and cardiovascular mortality, re-myocardial infarction and admission due to heart failure. RESULTS: Circulating noradrenaline and adrenaline correlated weakly but independently...

  10. Risikostyring med rapportering af kritiske situationer. Forveksling af K-vitamin og ephedrin på en fødegang

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seidelin, J; Pedersen, B L; Mogensen, T S

    2001-01-01

    or a solitary incident. If considered a general problem, procedures should be changed and implemented in the department. RESULTS: Two incidents were reported, where ephedrine and adrenaline were found in a box supposed to contain vitamin K for new-born babies. These were considered a general problem...... by the project group, and the procedure for storing and managing ephedrine and adrenaline in the delivery department was changed to prevent new cases. DISCUSSION: Near misses occur more often than actual errors, and we argue that, as they are easier to discover, it is important to learn from them and thus...

  11. Temporal responses of cutaneous blood flow and plasma catecholamine concentrations to histamine H1- or H2-receptor stimulation in man

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Knigge, U; Alsbjørn, B; Thuesen, B;

    1988-01-01

    continuously with a laser Doppler flowmeter, and noradrenaline and adrenaline concentrations were determined in blood samples drawn every 15 min. The infusion of histamine caused an immediate and sustained vasodilatation. The Concomitant infusion of mepyramine prevented the immediate vasodilatation, but had...... noradrenaline, while the increase during concomitant H1-receptor blockade was delayed but achieved the level observed during the histamine infusion. The response to histamine during H2-receptor blockade was small and transient. The rise in plasma adrenaline was not significant. These findings suggest...

  12. Effect of Age, Adernaline and Operation Site on Duration of Caudal Analgesia in Paediatric Patients

    OpenAIRE

    Kharirat Mohd., Yasir,G.A.Mir

    2003-01-01

    The effect ofage, operative site and addition of 1: 200,000 adrenaline to bupivacaine was evaluatedon the duration ofpost operative analgesia after caudal block in 200 children between the age groupof 1 year to 14 years. Anaesthesia was induced and maintained on Halothane/N20I02• After thiscaudal block was performed with 0.5 mllkg of0.25% bupivacaine in one group of 100 Children andwith 0.25% bupivacaine with adrenaline 1 : 200,000 in another 100 children. The duration of postoperative analge...

  13. [Treatment and management of food allergy].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urisu, Atsuo

    2009-11-01

    Management for food allergy consists of treatment for hypersensitive reactions by causative foods and prophylactic control of food allergy. The former is administration of histamine H1 receptor antagonist, adrenaline and steroid. It is recommended that all patients with a history of severe reactions carry a device for self-injection of adrenaline (Epipen). The latter is avoidance of the relevant food allergens. Nutritional instruction by skillful dietitians is important to prevent the nutritional defect and improve the quality of life of food-allergic patients.

  14. Concurrent nonfunctional paraganglioma of the retroperitoneum and urinary bladder: A case report with literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Poonam Sherwani

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Paragangliomas are the neuroendocrine tumors which arise from the chromaffin cell. Tumors arising from the adrenal medulla are known as pheochromocytomas, while others originating from the extra-adrenal site are known as extra-adrenal paragangliomas. Paraganglioma can be multifocal which can arise synchronously or metachronously. Paragangliomas are less functionally active than the pheochromocytomas; they secrete noradrenaline and rarely dopamine, while adrenal pheochromocytomas secrete adrenaline or nor-adrenaline. Nonfunctional multifocal paragangliomas are very rare. We report a case of a 45-year-old female with multifocal nonfunctional paragangliomas of the retroperitoneum and urinarybladder which were surgically removed, and the diagnosis was confirmed on histopathology.

  15. Reduced plasma noradrenaline during angiotensin II-induced acute hypertension in man

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, J H; Kastrup, J; Christensen, N J

    1985-01-01

    1. Plasma noradrenaline and adrenaline concentrations were measured in ten subjects before, during and after intravenous infusion of angiotensin II (ANG II) in order to determine the sympathoadrenal response of ANG II challenge in man. In five subjects ganglionic blockade was additionally performed...... by intravenous infusion of trimethaphan. 2. During ANG II infusion mean arterial blood pressure increased by 30% (P < 0.001), and plasma noradrenaline decreased by 25% (P < 0.001). Plasma adrenaline decreased less. 3. During ganglionic blockade plasma noradrenaline decreased significantly (P < 0...

  16. Pharmacological characterization of β2-adrenoceptor in PGT-β mouse pineal gland tumour cells

    OpenAIRE

    Suh, Byung-Chang; Chae, Hee-Don; Chung, Joo-Ho; Kim, Kyong-Tai

    1999-01-01

    The adrenoceptor in a mouse pineal gland tumour cell line (PGT-β) was identified and characterized using pharmacological and physiological approaches.Adrenaline and noradrenaline, adrenoceptor agonists, stimulated cyclic AMP generation in a concentration-dependent manner, but had no effect on inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate production. Adrenaline was a more potent activator of cyclic AMP generation than noradrenaline, with half maximal-effective concentrations (EC50) seen at 175±22 nM and 18±2 μ...

  17. Effect of demedullation on freezing injury in hind limbs of rats

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhingra, Shashi; Bhatia, B.; Chhina, G. S.; Singh, Baldev

    1987-09-01

    Freezing incidence and tissue loss on exposure of hind limbs of female Wistar rats to freezing mixture was reduced by demedullation 6 days prior to cold exposure (pNoradrenaline (1 mg/kg i.p.) 5 min before exposure increased the freezing incidence in intact (pAdrenaline (500 mg/kg i.p.) had no effect on either. A sustained fall in plasma adrenaline after demedullation leading to reduced reactivity of the blood vessels to some vasoactive agents is postulated.

  18. Ouabain distinguishes between nicotinic and muscarinic receptor-mediated catecholamine secretions in perfused adrenal glands of cat.

    OpenAIRE

    Yamada, Y.; Nakazato, Y; Ohga, A.

    1989-01-01

    1. The effect of ouabain on catecholamine (adrenaline and noradrenaline) secretion induced by agents acting on cholinoceptors was studied in perfused cat adrenal glands. Acetylcholine (ACh) (5 x 10(-7) to 10(-3) M), pilocarpine (10(-5) to 10(-3) M) and nicotine (10(-6) to 5 x 10(-5) M) caused dose-dependent increases in catecholamine secretion. Both ACh and nicotine released more noradrenaline than adrenaline and the reverse was the case for pilocarpine. 2. Ouabain (10(-5) M) enhanced catecho...

  19. Age and region-dependent contraction to α-adrenoceptor agonists in rat and guinea-pig isolated trachea

    OpenAIRE

    Preuss, Janet M H; Rigby, Paul J.; Goldie, Roy G

    1998-01-01

    The influence of age and of region on α-adrenoceptor-mediated contraction to (−)-adrenaline and (−)-noradrenaline was examined in rat (4–136 weeks) and guinea-pig (2–156 weeks) isolated tracheal ring preparations with particular emphasis on the early (up to 12 weeks) maturation phase.In rat tracheal rings, significant regional variation was observed with respect to maximal (−)-adrenaline-induced contraction, such that the greatest activity was seen in ring preparations from the laryngeal end ...

  20. Molecules that amaze us

    CERN Document Server

    May, Paul

    2014-01-01

    Adenosine Triphosphate (ATP)Adrenaline/Epinephrine (Noradrenaline/Norepinephrine)Ammonium NitrateArtemisinin Aspirin Caffeine CapsaicinCarbon Dioxideβ-CaroteneChlorophyllCholesterolCisplatinCocaineDEETCF2Cl2DDTDigitalisDimethylmercuryDimethylsulfideDopamineEpibatidineEstradiolGlucoseGlycerolHeavy WaterHemeHexenalHydrogen PeroxideInsulin<

  1. Experimental assessment of dynamic integrated restoration in GMPLS multi-layer (MPLS-TP/WSON) networks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez, Ricardo; Casellas, Ramon; Muñoz, Raül

    2013-03-11

    We present the implementation of the GMPLS control plane functions and path computation algorithm deployed within the CTTC ADRENALINE testbed for the dynamic integrated restoration in multi-layer (MPLS-TP over WSON) networks. The experimental assessment is conducted in terms of the blocking probability, path computation time, restorability and restoration time. PMID:23482119

  2. Clonidine as an adjuvant to local anesthetic in supraclavicular brachial plexus block: a randomized, double blinded placebo controlled study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Preeti Rustagi

    2016-10-01

    Conclusions: Clonidine 2 and micro;g / kg added to 10 ml of 0.5 % Bupivacaine + 20 ml of 2% lignocaine with adrenaline (1:200000 is a good option for improving the quality and duration of supraclavicular brachial plexus block. [Int J Basic Clin Pharmacol 2016; 5(5.000: 1892-1897

  3. Recruitment of quiet cells at the onset of vasomotion in mesenteric arteries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brings Jacobsen, Jens Christian; Aalkjær, Christian; Matchkov, Vladimir;

    2008-01-01

    Introduction: Smooth muscle cells in the wall of endothelium denuded mesenteric arteries display uncoordinated calcium waves when exposed to nor-adrenaline. However, the cell population shows a considerable heterogeneity with some cells displaying waves of variable frequency whilst others remain ...

  4. Adrenergic mechanism responsible for pathological alteration in gastric mucosal blood flow in rats with ulcer bleeding

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semyachkina-Glushkovskaya, O. V.; Pavlov, A. N.; Semyachkin-Glushkovskiy, I. A.; Gekalyuk, A. S.; Ulanova, M. V.; Lychagov, V. V.; Tuchin, V. V.

    2014-09-01

    The adrenergic system plays an important role in regulation of central and peripheral circulation in normal state and during hemorrhage. Because the impaired gastric mucosal blood flow (GMBF) is the major cause of gastroduodenal lesions, including ulcer bleeding (UB), we studied the adrenergic mechanism responsible for regulation of GMBF in rats with a model of stress-induced UB (SUB) using the laser Doppler flowmetry (LDF). First, we examined the effect of adrenaline on GMBF in rats under normal state and during UB. In all healthy animals the submucosal adrenaline injection caused a decrease in local GMBF. During UB the submucosal injection of adrenaline was accompanied by less pronounced GMBF suppression in 30,3% rats with SUB vs. healthy ones. In 69,7% rats with SUB we observed the increase in local GMBF after submucosal injection of adrenaline. Second, we studied the sensitivity of gastric β2-adrenoreceptors and the activity of two factors which are involved in β2-adrenomediated vasorelaxation-KATP -channels and NO. The effects of submucosal injection of isoproterenol, ICI118551 and glybenclamide on GMBF as well as NO levels in gastric tissue were significantly elevated in rats with SUB vs. healthy rats. Thus, our results indicate that high activation of gastric β2-adrenoreceptors associated with the increased vascular KATP -channels activity and elevated NO production is the important adrenergic mechanism implicated in the pathogenesis of UB.

  5. Pharmacological analysis of cx'il -adrenoceptors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W.B. Stam (Wiro)

    2000-01-01

    textabstractTt is weil established that noradrenaline, relcased in response to sympathetic stilTIulation, as weil as adrenaline, the honnone relcased from the adrenal medulla, interaet with spccific reccptors (adrenoceptors) that arc Iocated in the membrane ofthc vascular smooth muscle celis. Ahlqui

  6. Role of endoscopy in the management of acute diverticular bleeding

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Charalampos Pilichos; Emmanouil Bobotis

    2008-01-01

    Colonic diverticulosis is one of the most common causes of lower gastrointestinal bleeding. Endoscopy is not only a useful diagnostic tool for localizing the bleeding site, but also a therapeutic modality for its management. To date, haemostatic methods have included adrenaline injection, mechanical clipping, thermal and electrical coagulation or combinations of them. The results of all published data are herein reviewed.

  7. Medline Plus

    Full Text Available During periods of stress, such as preparing to run in a race, the brain signals the adrenal glands to produce epinephrine or "adrenaline". ... to react. As a longer term response to stress, cortisol is secreted by the adrenal glands, promoting ...

  8. Intracranial hemorrhagic infarct after local anesthesia on nasal mucosa: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Murat Koçyiğit

    2015-01-01

    Conclusion: We want to emphasize that all surgeons especially the ENT surgeons should be careful while using local anesthetic medicines which contains adrenaline for rare complication of intracranial hemorrhagic infarction. Another fact is that the patients must sign an informed consent form including those situations even for all minor surgical procedures to avoid a medicolegal problem.

  9. EFFECT OF MOXIBUSTION ON CATECHOLAMINE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Objective: To investigate whether moxibustion affects the secretion of catecholamine as adrenalin, noradrenaline and dopamine. Methods: Twenty Wistar rats were allocated to two groups. One was moxibustion-group (10 rats), and the other was non-moxibustion-group (10 rats). Four ignited moxa-cones were applied to bilateral "Shenshu" (肾俞 BL 23). When a moxa-cone burned out, another one was replaced. At the end of each experiment, blood sample (2 mL/rat) was collected from the heart for assaying plasma adrenalin, noradrenaline and dopamine contents with high pressure liquid chromatography. Results:The presented results showed that plasma adrenalin and noradrenaline contents of moxibustion-group are significantly higher than those of non-moxibustion-group (P<0.01). However, there is no significant difference of dopamine between moxibustion- and non-moxibustion- groups (P > 0.05). Conclusion: These results demonstrated that moxibustion stimulates the secretion of adrenaline and noradrenaline in normal rats.

  10. Infrared thermographic assessment of changes in skin temperature during hypoglycaemia in patients with type 1 diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sejling, Anne-Sophie; Lange, Kai H W; Frandsen, Christian S;

    2015-01-01

    in the aware group had higher hypoglycaemia symptom scores and higher adrenaline (epinephrine) levels during hypoglycaemia. CONCLUSIONS/INTERPRETATION: The hypoglycaemia-associated decrement in Ts can be assessed by infrared thermography and is larger in patients with normal hypoglycaemia awareness compared...

  11. Effects of the selective β1-adrenoceptor antagonist, nebivolol, on cardiovascular parameters in the pithed normotensive rat

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schneider, J.; Fruh, C.; Wilffert, B.; Peters, Thies

    1990-01-01

    In the pithed rat we investigated the cardiovascular properties of d,l-nebivolol and its enantiomers. We used the increase in heart rate elicited by (-)-adrenaline and (-)-noradrenaline as a model for studying β1-adrenoceptors. A leftward shift of the logarithmic dose-pressor response curve of (-)-a

  12. Capillary perfusion in the superior rectus muscle in rabbit with the use of radioactive /sup 133/Xe

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Moszczy' nska-Kowalska, A.

    1975-05-01

    A method of tissues clearance was adapted for investigation of the blood flow in external eye muscles in rabbit. It was established that it amounts to 0.1315 ml/min/g and this is about six times the amount of blood flow in skeletal muscles during rest. It was shown that adrenalin, pridazol, and sadamin reduce the blood flow. (auth)

  13. Gene-load score of the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system is associated with coronary heart disease in familial hypercholesterolaemia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.B. van der Net (Jeroen); J. van Etten (Jeroen); M. Yazdanpanah (Mojgan); G.M. Dallinga-Thie (Geesje); J.J.P. Kastelein (John); J.C. Defesche (Joep); R.P. Koopmans (Richard); E.W. Steyerberg (Ewout); E.J.G. Sijbrands (Eric)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractAims: Familial hypercholesterolaemia (FH) is characterized by premature coronary heart disease (CHD). However, the incidence of CHD varies considerably among FH patients. Genetic variation in the renin-angiotensin-aldosterone system (RAAS) and the adrenalin/noradrenalin system may be of

  14. β-Adrenoceptor blocking properties of dl-nebivolol and its enantiomers in the pithed normotensive rat

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schneider, J.; Fruh, C.; Wilffert, B.; Peters, Thies

    1991-01-01

    In the pithed normotensive rat, the effects of dl-nebivolol and its enantiomers on the (-)-adrenaline (epinephrine)- and electrical stimulation-induced increases in heart rate (HR) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP) were investigated. dl-Nebivolol dose-dependently (10-7to 10-5mol/kg intravenously) a

  15. Differences between full and partial α-adrenoceptor agonists in eliciting phasic and tonic types of responses in the longitudinal smooth muscle of the rat portal vein

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schwietert, H.R.; Wilhelm, D.; Wilffert, B.; Van Zwieten, P.A.

    1991-01-01

    The aim of the present investigation was to study, taking into account both quantitative and qualitative differences, the influence of full and partial α-adrenoceptor agonists on spontaneous myogenic activity in the rat portal vein. We found that the α-adrenoceptor agonists cirazoline, adrenaline, n

  16. Cerebral effects of commonly used vasopressor-inotropes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hahn, Gitte Holst; Hyttel-Sorensen, Simon; Petersen, Sandra Meinich;

    2013-01-01

    Despite widespread use in sick infants, it is still debated whether vasopressor-inotropes have direct cerebral effects that might affect neurological outcome. We aimed to test direct cerebrovascular effects of three commonly used vasopressor-inotropes (adrenaline, dopamine and noradrenaline...

  17. Ion exchange mechanisms on the erythrocyte membrane of the aquatic salamander, Amphiuma tridactylum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tufts, B L; Nikinmaa, M; Steffensen, J F;

    1987-01-01

    The effects of different pharmacological agents and incubation media on the intracellular pH and water content of Amphiuma erythrocytes were investigated in vitro. Adrenaline had no significant effect on the intracellular pH or cell water content. DIDS caused an intracellular alkalinization...

  18. Lokalanæstesi med vasokonstriktor kan anvendes i områder med endearterier i fingre, tæer, næse og ører

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Lea Juul; Lumholt, Pavia; Hølmich, Lisbet Rosenkrantz

    2014-01-01

    , toes, noses and ears, including more than 15,000 patients, finds no evidence to support this belief. No case of necrosis has been reported since the introduction of commercial lidocaine with epinephrine in 1948. This review concludes that it is safe to use lidocaine with adrenaline in end-arteries....

  19. Hormonal Neuroendocrine and Vasoconstrictor Peptide Responses of Ball Game and Cyclic Sport Elite Athletes by Treadmill Test.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anna Protzner

    Full Text Available Our objective was to evaluate complex hormonal response in ball game and cyclic sport elite athletes through an incremental treadmill test, since, so far, variables in experimental procedures have often hampered comparisons of data.We determined anthropometric data, heart rate, maximal oxygen uptake, workload, plasma levels of lactate, adrenaline, noradrenaline, dopamine, cortisol, angiontensinogen and endothelin in control (n = 6, soccer (n = 8, handball (n = 12, kayaking (n = 9 and triathlon (n = 9 groups based on a Bruce protocol through a maximal exercise type of spiroergometric test.We obtained significant increases for adrenaline, 2.9- and 3.9-fold by comparing the normalized means for soccer players and kayakers and soccer players and triathletes after/before test, respectively. For noradrenaline, we observed an even stronger, three-time significant difference between each type of ball game and cyclic sport activity.Exercise related adrenaline and noradrenaline changes were more pronounced than dopamine plasma level changes and revealed an opportunity to differentiate cyclic and ball game activities and control group upon these parameters. Normalization of concentration ratios of the monitored compounds by the corresponding maximal oxygen uptake reflected better the differences in the response level of adrenaline, noradrenaline, dopamine and cortisol.

  20. Hormonal regulation of lipoprotein lipase in adipose tissue (studies in the rat and in humans)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.G.A. Baggen (Marinus)

    1988-01-01

    textabstractCurrent data strongly suggest the most important role for insulin in the hormonal regulation of adipose tissue LPL activity. It is not clear from the literature what the role is of glucocorticoids in the regulation of the enzyme. Stress hormones as ACTH and adrenalin for example seem to

  1. Effects of nutrient intake on sympathoadrenal activity and thermogenic mechanisms

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Astrup, A V; Christensen, N J; Simonsen, L;

    1990-01-01

    in white adipose tissue, the liver and the heart. The second thermogenic component of carbohydrate occurs later when the blood glucose concentration decreases towards baseline levels. This elicits an increased secretion of adrenaline from the adrenal medulla, and the circulating level exceeds...

  2. Interactions between noradrenaline and corticosteroids in the brain: from electrical activity to cognitive performance.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    H.J. Krugers; H. Karst; M. Joëls

    2012-01-01

    One of the core reactions in response to a stressful situation is the activation of the hypothalamus-pituitary-adrenal axis which increases the release of glucocorticoid hormones from the adrenal glands. In concert with other neuro-modulators, such as (nor)adrenaline, these hormones enable and promo

  3. Autonomic response to an experimental psychological stressor in healthy subjects: measurement of sympathetic, parasympathetic, and pituitary-adrenal parameters: test-retest reliability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, L S; Christiansen, P; Raundahl, U;

    1990-01-01

    A mental arithmetic test (the stressor; 15 min) significantly increased systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate and plasma adrenaline by 11%, 12%, 28% and 152% respectively, with a prompt return to resting values after the test. Plasma noradrenaline and serum cortisol did not increase s...

  4. The Science of Soil Textures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bigham, Gary

    2010-01-01

    Off-road motorcycle racing and ATV riding. Gardening and fishing. What do these high-adrenaline and slower-paced pastimes have in common? Each requires soil, and the texture of that soil has an effect on all of them. In the inquiry-based lessons described here, students work both in the field or laboratory and in the classroom to collect soil…

  5. Insulin facilitates transport of macromolecules and nutrients to muscles

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, N J; Hilsted, J

    1993-01-01

    We previously showed that intravenous insulin increased plasma noradrenaline during euglycemia and without concomitant changes in plasma adrenaline. Insulin decreased plasma volume and increased the fractional escape rate of albumin from plasma. In normal subjects, oral glucose increased heart ra...... the blood to the extracellular space after food intake. This process may be greatly disturbed in insulin-dependent diabetic patients....

  6. Drug: D07463 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D07463 Drug Arformoterol (INN) C19H24N2O4 344.1736 344.4049 D07463.gif Bronchodilat...espiratory Tract/Pulmonary Agents Bronchodilators, Sympathomimetic Arformoterol D07463 Arformoterol (INN) Ta...psin family Adrenaline beta2-adrenergic receptor [HSA:154] [KO:K04142] Arformoterol D07463 Arformoterol (INN

  7. Effect of catecholamine-receptor stimulating agents on blood pressure after local application in the nucleus tractus solitarii of the medulla oblongata

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zandberg, P.; Jong, Wybren de; Wied, D. de

    1979-01-01

    The effect of various catecholamines and α-mimetics, given by microinjection in the A2-region of the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS), on blood pressure was investigated in anesthetizedmale rats. A dose-dependent decrease of blood pressure and heart rate was induced by adrenaline as the most effectiv

  8. Effect of oxygen inhalation on systemic, central, and splanchnic haemodynamics in cirrhosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, S; Becker, U; Schifter, S;

    1996-01-01

    catecholamines, renin, endothelin-1, and calcitonin gene-related peptide were all increased in patients with cirrhosis, but only the catecholamine concentrations decreased significantly (noradrenaline -13%, p < 0.02 and adrenaline -16%, p < 0.01) in response to oxygen. CONCLUSION: During oxygen inhalation...

  9. INVOLVEMENT OF HYPOTHALAMIC SEROTONIN IN ACTIVATION OF THE SYMPATHOADRENOMEDULLARY SYSTEM AND HYPOTHALAMO-PITUITARY-ADRENOCORTICAL AXIS IN MALE WISTAR RATS

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    KORTE, SM; VANDUIN, S; BOUWS, GAH; KOOLHAAS, JM; BOHUS, B; Bouws, Gerdien A.H.; Koolhaas, Jaap M.

    1991-01-01

    Infusion of the 5-HT1A receptor agonist, 8-hydroxy-2-(di-n-propylamino)tetralin (8-OH-DPAT) (2.5-20-mu-g in 1-mu-l during 15 min), into the paraventricular nucleus of the hypothalamus (PVN) in the rat dose dependently increased plasma adrenaline and corticosterone concentrations, without affecting p

  10. Catecholaminergic activation in acute myocardial infarction: time course and relation to left ventricular performance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Claus Leth; Nielsen, Jens Rokkedal; Petersen, Bodil Laub;

    2003-01-01

    AIM: The study was designed to assess (1) the time course of catecholaminergic activation in acute myocardial infarction (AMI) as estimated by adrenaline (ADR) and noradrenaline (NOR) concentrations, and (2) to relate activation of these hormones to predict the outcome of cardiac performance...

  11. N-METHYLADRENALINE - AGE-DEPENDENT URINARY-EXCRETION, PERINATAL ORGAN CONTENT AND RELATION WITH CLASSICAL CATECHOLAMINES

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    KEMA, IP; SCHOOTS, CJF; GIDDING, CEM; OKKEN, A; AARNOUDSE, JG; MUSKIET, FAJ

    1995-01-01

    Using high performance liquid chromatography with electrochemical detection we determined free dopamine, noradrenaline, adrenaline and N-methyladrenaline in: (1) urines from newborns (n=32), children (n=45) and adults (n=19) and (2) adrenals, organ of Zuckerkandl, dorsal roots and perirenal brown ad

  12. Reversibility of increased formation of catecholamines in patients with alcoholic liver disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Parlesak, Alexandr; Reisenauer, C.; Biermann, J.;

    2004-01-01

    investigate whether the increase in urinary excretion rates and plasma levels of catecholamines in alcohol-abusing patients are reversible during prolonged abstinence, especially with respect to the severity of ALD. METHODS: Urinary excretion rates and plasma levels of noradrenaline (NA), adrenaline (A) and...

  13. ADRENERGIC RESPONSE IN CHILDREN WITH ASTHMA ON EXOGENOUS STIMULI

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    VANAALDEREN, WMC; POSTMA, DS; KOETER, GH; DEMONCHY, JGR; KNOL, K

    1992-01-01

    In asthmatic childen it was investigated whether the degree of impairment of the adrenergic response on exogenous stimuli is related to the magnitude of the 24-hour amplitude in airflow obstructions. Urinary-adrenaline and noradrenaline excretion after house dust mite (HDM) inhalation and after exer

  14. Catecholamines in plasma from artery, cubital vein, and femoral vein in patients with cirrhosis. Significance of sampling site

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, J H; Ring-Larsen, H; Christensen, N J

    1986-01-01

    The concentration of noradrenaline (NA) and adrenaline (A) was measured in arterial, cubital venous and femoral venous plasma in order to determine possible differences in different vascular beds in the peripheral circulation. In patients with cirrhosis, arterial plasma NA (median 2.54 nmol/l, n...

  15. Release of endogenous vasopressors during and after cardiopulmonary resuscitation.

    OpenAIRE

    Lindner, K. H.; Haak, T; Keller, A; Bothner, U.; Lurie, K. G.

    1996-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To assess whether plasma endothelin, adrenaline, noradrenaline, arginine vasopressin, adrenocorticotropin, and cortisol concentrations were higher during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in patients in whom resuscitation was successful than in those in whom it failed, and to measure the concentrations of these hormones in the immediate post-resuscitation phase. DESIGN: Prospective, descriptive study. SETTING: Emergency medical service at a university hospital. PATIENTS: 60 patients wi...

  16. Distribution and types of adrenoceptors in the guinea-pig ileum: the action of α-and β-adrenoceptor agonists

    OpenAIRE

    Bauer, V.

    1981-01-01

    1 Segments of guinea-pig ileum and the myenteric plexus-longitudinal smooth muscle preparation were used for a study of the actions of adrenaline, noradrenaline, isoprenaline, ephedrine and phenylephrine on the responses of coaxially stimulated ileum at different distances from the ileocaecal valve.

  17. Effect of guanfacine on pituitary hormones in man

    OpenAIRE

    Lancranjan, Ioana

    1980-01-01

    1 Animal studies have shown that adrenaline and noradrenaline are involved in the control of pituitary function. As very few data on this topic were available in man, some studies were carried out mainly in young normal volunteers using guanfacine, a new drug with central α-adrenoceptor properties.

  18. 12星座最爱的书籍%The Signs' Favorite Books

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    落音倾城

    2008-01-01

    @@ Aries白羊座 The rushing Ram will want a quick and entertaining read that will give them a rush of adrenalin.Short stories and thrillers suit the turbo-charged Aries.Favorite books could include Edgar Allen Poe's stories,and some of Stephen King's shorter works.

  19. Efficacy of four kinds of endoscopic therapy on peptic deer bleeding%内镜下四种方法治疗消化性溃疡出血的疗效

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜英杰; 聂玉强; 李瑜元; 张龙

    2009-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the efficacy of 4 kinds of endoscopic therapy on peptic ulcer bleeding. Methods Three hundred and forty-nine patients with active ulcer bleeding or non-bleeding visible vessels were respectively divided into 4 groups according to endoscopic therapies (adrenaline injection group, titanic clip placement group, argon beam coagulation group and combined treatment group). One hundred and fifty-seven patients were treated to stop bleeding with injection of adrenaline in adrenaline injection group, 46 with titanic clips in titanic clip placement group, 51 with argon beam coagulation in argon beam coagulation group, and 95 patients with combination of injection and argon beam coagulation in combined treatment group. The hemostasis effects were compared among four groups. Results In all the groups, the immediate hemostasis rate was 100%, and effective hemostasis was achieved in 87.9%, 89.1%,86.3% and 91.6% of the patients who underwent adrenaline injection, titanic clip placement, argon beam coagulation and combined treatment respectively, with no statistical difference among the groups (P>0.05). For patients with Forrest Ⅰ a lesions, the effective hemostasis rate with adrenaline injection (55.0%) was significantly lower as compared with other treatment options (P0.05).肾上腺素注射组中,Forrest Ⅰ a患者的有效止血率为55.0%,明显低于其余3组患者(P<0.01).结论 4种内镜下治疗均能有效、安全止血.药物注射对Forrest Ⅰ a患者的止血效果差.

  20. Ability of medical students to calculate drug doses in children after their paediatric attachment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oshikoya KA

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Dose calculation errors constitute a significant part of prescribing errors which might have resulted from informal teaching of the topic in medical schools. Objectives: To determine adequacy of knowledge and skills of drug dose calculations in children acquired by medical students during their clinical attachment in paediatrics.Methods: Fifty two 5th year medical students of the Lagos State University College of Medicine (LASUCOM, Ikeja were examined on drug dose calculations from a vial and ampoules of injections, syrup and suspension, and tablet formulation. The examination was with a structured questionnaire mostly in the form of multiple choice questions.Results: Thirty-six (69.2% and 30 (57.7% students were taught drug dose calculation in neonatal posting and during ward rounds/ bed-side teaching, respectively. Less than 50% of the students were able to calculate the correct doses of each of adrenaline, gentamicin, chloroquine and sodium bicarbonate injections required by the patient. Dose calculation was however relatively better with adrenalin when compared with the other injections. The proportion of female students that calculated the correct doses of quinine syrup and cefuroxime suspension were significantly higher than those of their male counterparts (p<0.05 and p<0.01, respectively; Chi-square test. When doses calculated in mg/dose and mL/dose was compared for adrenalin injection and each of quinine syrup and cefuroxime suspension, there were significant differences (adrenaline and quinine, p=0.005; adrenaline and cefuroxime, p=0.003: Fischer’s exact test. Dose calculation errors of similar magnitude to injections, syrup and suspension were also observed with tablet formulation.Conclusions: LASUCOM medical students lacked the basic knowledge of paediatric drug dose calculations but were willing to learn if the topic was formally taught. Drug dose calculations should be given a prominent consideration in the undergraduate medical

  1. Comparison of chiral electrophoretic separation methods for phenethylamines and application on impurity analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borst, Claudia; Holzgrabe, Ulrike

    2010-12-15

    A chiral microemulsion electrokinetic chromatography method has been developed for the separation of the enantiomers of the phenethylamines ephedrine, N-methylephedrine, norephedrine, pseudoephedrine, adrenaline (epinephrine), 2-amino-1-phenylethanol, diethylnorephedrine, and 2-(dibutylamino)-1-phenyl-1-propanol, respectively. The separations were achieved using an oil-in-water microemulsion consisting of the oil-component ethyl acetate, the surfactant sodium dodecylsulfate, the cosurfactant 1-butanol, the organic modifier propan-2-ol and 20mM phosphate buffer pH 2.5 as aqueous phase. For enantioseparation sulfated beta-cyclodextrin was added. The method was compared to an already described CZE method, which made use of heptakis(2,3-di-O-diacetyl-6-O-sulfo)-beta-cyclodextrin (HDAS) as chiral selector. Additionally, the developed method was successfully applied to the related substances analysis of noradrenaline, adrenaline, dipivefrine, ephedrine and pseudoephedrine monographed in the European Pharmacopoeia 6.

  2. Role of catecholamines and nitric oxide on pigment displacement of the chromatophores of freshwater snakehead teleost fish, Channa punctatus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biswas, Saikat P; Jadhao, Arun G; Palande, Nikhil V

    2014-04-01

    We are reporting for the first time that the catecholamines (adrenaline and noradrenaline) inhibit the effect of nitric oxide (NO) on melanosome dispersion in freshly isolated scales of the freshwater snakehead fish, Channa punctatus. We studied the effect of NO and catecholamines on the pigment displacement by observing the changes in the melanophore index. The scales when treated with solution containing NO donor sodium nitroprusside (SNP) showed dispersion of melanosomes, whereas NO synthase blocker N-omega-Nitro-L-arginine suppresses this action of SNP. Treatment with adrenaline and noradrenaline on the isolated scales caused aggregation of melanosomes. Scales treated with solution containing catecholamines and SNP resulted in aggregation of melanosomes suggesting that catecholamines mask the effect of SNP. These results suggest that the catecholamines are inhibiting the effect of NO and causing the aggregation of the melanosomes may be via surface receptors.

  3. Regulation and role of hormone-sensitive lipase in rat skeletal muscle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Donsmark, Morten; Langfort, Jozef; Holm, Cecilia;

    2004-01-01

    -sensitive lipase (HSL). This enzyme is known to be rate limiting for intracellular TG hydrolysis in adipose tissue. The presence of HSL has been demonstrated in all muscle fibre types by Western blotting of muscle fibres isolated by collagenase treatment or after freeze-drying. The content of HSL varies between...... fibre types, being higher in oxidative fibres than in glycolytic fibres. When analysed under conditions optimal for HSL, neutral lipase activity in muscle can be stimulated by adrenaline as well as by contractions. These increases are abolished by the presence of anti-HSL antibody during analysis....... Moreover, immunoprecipitation with affinity-purified anti-HSL antibody causes similar reductions in muscle HSL protein concentration and in measured neutral lipase responses to contractions. The immunoreactive HSL in muscle is stimulated by adrenaline via beta-adrenergic activation of c...

  4. The effect of exercise training on hormone-sensitive lipase in rat intra-abdominal adipose tissue and muscle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Enevoldsen, L H; Stallknecht, B; Langfort, J;

    2001-01-01

    1. Adrenaline-stimulated lipolysis in adipose tissue may increase with training. The rate-limiting step in adipose tissue lipolysis is catalysed by the enzyme hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL). We studied the effect of exercise training on the activity of the total and the activated form of HSL......, referred to as HSL (DG) and HSL (TG), respectively, and on the concentration of HSL protein in retroperitoneal (RE) and mesenteric (ME) adipose tissue, and in the extensor digitorum longus (EDL) and soleus muscles in rats. 2. Rats (weighing 96 +/- 1 g, mean +/- S.E.M.) were either swim trained (T, 18 weeks......, n = 12) or sedentary (S, n = 12). Then RE and ME adipose tissue and the EDL and soleus muscles were incubated for 20 min with 4.4 microM adrenaline. 3. HSL enzyme activities in adipose tissue were higher in T compared with S rats. Furthermore, in RE adipose tissue, training also doubled HSL protein...

  5. Contractions activate hormone-sensitive lipase in rat muscle by protein kinase C and mitogen-activated protein kinase

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Donsmark, Morten; Langfort, Jozef; Holm, Cecilia;

    2003-01-01

    Intramuscular triacylglycerol is an important energy store and is also related to insulin resistance. The mobilization of fatty acids from this pool is probably regulated by hormone-sensitive lipase (HSL), which has recently been shown to exist in muscle and to be activated by both adrenaline......-induced activation of HSL was abolished by the protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitors bisindolylmaleimide I and calphostin C and reduced 50% by the mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase (MEK) inhibitor U0126, which also completely blocked extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) 1 and 2 phosphorylation. None...... of the inhibitors reduced adrenaline-induced HSL activation in soleus muscle. Both phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate (PMA), which activates PKC and, in turn, ERK, and caffeine, which increases intracellular Ca2+ without eliciting contraction, increased HSL activity. Activated ERK increased HSL activity in supernatant...

  6. [Possible significance of prostaglandins in the pathogenesis of Crohn's disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmidt, E; Bruch, H P; Walter, K

    1977-04-01

    Prostaglandins (E1, E2, F2alpha) produce and intensify peristaltic contractions in the healthy human intestinal muscle system according to dosage (threshold I-10(-4) microng/ml--maximum effective concentration 1 microng/ml). By subsequent introduction of adrenaline, the intestinal muscle system activated by prostaglandines can be completely relaxed again. Intestinal muscles from patients with Crohn's disease show a marked deviation from this behaviour: 1. The intestinal muscle system is extremely sensitive to prostagladins: maximum concentrations are already reached by about a thousand times smaller concentration than in the intestines. 2. The dose of adrenaline does not lead to dialtion, which is usual, but to contraction of the muscle system. These changes in the contractility of the intestine can explain some components of the clinical symptomatology of Crohn's disease.

  7. LOCAL ANESTHETICS IN PATIENTS WITH CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASES.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    risto Daskalov

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available A significant problem in the dental medicine is pain alleviation. Many studies in the dental anesthesiology result in the production of new agents for locoregional anesthesia. Objective: This article aim to present the results of the last studies on the effect of the local anesthetics used in the oral surgery on patients with cardiovascular diseases. Material: A general review of the existing literature on the effect of the adrenaline, included as vasoconstrictor in the local anesthetics, used in patients with cardiovascular diseases is made. The benefits of vasoconstrictors for the quality of the anesthetic effect are proven. Conclusion: A small amount of adrenaline in the anesthetic solution does not result in complications development in patients with controlled cardiovascular diseases. Articaine is recommended agent of first choice for local anesthesia in the oral surgery.

  8. Dieulafoy's lesion of duodenum: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wagholikar Gajanan D

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dieulafoy's lesion is an uncommon but important cause of recurrent upper gastrointestinal bleeding. Extragastric location of Dieulafoy's lesion is rare. We report two cases of Dieulafoy's lesion of the duodenum and discuss the management of this extremely uncommon entity. Case presentation Two cases of massive upper gastro-intestinal bleeding in young adults due to Dieulafoy's lesion of the duodenum are reported. Endoscopic diagnosis was possible in both cases. Hemostasis was achieved successfully by endoscopic adrenaline injection. The endoscopic appearance, pitfalls in the diagnosis and management of this rare lesion are discussed. Conclusions Endoscopic diagnosis of extragastric Dieulafoy's lesion can be difficult because of the small size and obscure location of the lesion. Increased awareness and careful and early endoscopic evaluation following the bleeding episode are the key to accurate diagnosis. Adrenaline injection is one of the important endoscopic modalities for control of bleeding.

  9. SPLIT SKIN GRAFT HARVESTING UNDER LOCAL ANESTHESIA INFILTRATION VERSUS TOPICAL LOCAL ANESTHESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shahi

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: To compare the effectiveness of topical local anesthesia using PRILOX cream versus local anesthesia infiltration using lignocaine and adrenaline in harvesting split skin graft. METHODS: A prospective study of 58 patients requiring split skin graft was carried. One group comprising 29 patients underwent harvesting of split skin graft under topical local anesthesia using PRILOX cream while the other group had local anesthesia infiltration using lignocaine and adrenaline. RESULTS: There were no significant differences between the 2 groups in terms of operating time, per operative pain, post-operative pain and post-operative requirement of analgesia. There was significant difference in time and pain during administration of local anesthesia and patient’s acceptability/ satisfaction with method of anesthesia. CONCLUSION: Topical local anesthesia using PRILOX cream can be used effectively for harvesting of split skin graft and is good alternative to local anesthesia infiltration.

  10. 盐酸肾上腺素救治严重过敏反应12例观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈韶胜; 陈桂双

    2014-01-01

    文章总结了我门诊于2004~2013年间应用肾上腺素救治的12例严重过敏反应病例。并进一步探讨在救治严重过敏反应时,肾上腺素使用指征、给药途径及药物剂量、疗效及不良反应等相关问题。%The article summarizes our clinic using Adrenalin for treatment of 12 cases of Anaphylaxis in 2004~2013. And further discusses in the treatment of Anaphylaxis, the drug indications, route and dosage, efficacy and adverse drug reactions of Adrenalin and other related issues.

  11. 脑出血大鼠肠黏膜组织形态学变化与血浆儿茶酚胺水平的关系%Correlation between intestinal mucosa tissue morphologic parameters and plasma catecholamines level in rats with cerebral hemorrhage

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱月; 宁显忠

    2012-01-01

    目的 探讨脑出血大鼠肠黏膜组织形态学变化与血浆儿茶酚胺(肾上腺素、去甲肾上腺素)水平之间的关系.方法 制作脑出血大鼠模型,检测正常组、假手术组及脑出血后24h、48h、72h(每组8只)肠黏膜组织形态学参数及血浆肾上腺素、去甲肾上腺素水平.进行空肠黏膜组织形态学参数值与血浆肾上腺素、去甲肾上腺素水平之间的相关分析.结果 小肠绒毛高度与血浆肾上腺素(r=-0.566,P<0.01)、血浆去甲肾上腺索(r=-0.545,P<0.01);绒毛面积与血浆肾上腺素(r=-0.755,P<0.01)、血浆去甲肾上腺素(r=-0.702,P <0.01);黏膜厚度与血浆肾上腺素(r=-0.478,P<0.01)、血浆去甲肾上腺素(r=-0.405,P<0.01);肠壁厚度与与血浆肾上腺素(r=-0.536,P<0.01)、血浆去甲肾上腺素肠(r=-0.489,P<0.01)均成显著的负相关.结论 脑出血时肠黏膜组织形态学变化与血浆儿茶酚胺水平呈负相关.%Objective To explore the correlation between intestinal mucosa tissue morphologic changes and plasma catecholamines(adrenaline and nurepinephrine) level in rats with cerebral hemorrhage. Methods A rat model of hemorrhage was used to detect the intestinal mucosa tissue morphologic parameters changes and the plasma catecholamines (adrenaline and norepinephrine) level at 24h,48h and 72h after the hemorrhage. The results were compared to normal control group and the sham-operated group. The correlation between the jejunal mucosa tissue morphologic parameters changes and plasma adrenaline and plasma norepinephrine were also explored. Results Small intestinal villous height was negatively correlated with the level of plasma adrenaline (r = - 0. 566, P < 0. 01) and plasma norepinephrine (r = - 0. 545, P < 0.01) . Small intestinal villous area was negatively correlated with the level of plasma adrenaline ( r = - 0. 755, P < 0. 01 ) and plasma norepinephrine( r = - 0. 702, P < 0. 01). Mucosal thickness was negatively

  12. Hiperglicemia na intoxicação escorpiônica experimental em cão

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lineu Freire-Maia

    1959-10-01

    Full Text Available The production of hyperglycemia during the acute phase of scorpion poisoning produced by T. bahiensis in dogs is confirmed now. The highest degree on average, was reached 10 minutes after the injection of venom. In our hands, the previous bilateral adrenalectomy did not avoid the hyperglycemia. The average of the blood sugar level has been similar to that observed in dogs with adrenal glands, the highest blood sugar level was also registered after 10 minutes. The hyperglycemia obtained in adrenolectomized dogs is, probably, due to the liberation of Sympatin (Nor-adrenalin and adrenalin as a consequence of the central excitation by the poison on the hepatic nerves and other ganglionar terminations of the Sympathetic Nervous System. Our present researches suggest that the venom has adrenergic action besides the central action.

  13. Quantitative indicator of cortisone in human adrenal tissue as a criterion for determining the duration of the duration of fatal injury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shkand T.V.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available To elucidate pathogenetic mechanisms of myocardium necrosis, to develop the preventive and treatment measures its experimental studying in different models is necessary. The paper covers the dynamics of morphological changes in myocardium after cryoeffect in heart for 15 and 30 sec, ligation of left coronary artery and introduction of adrenalin toxic doses. It has been established that cryoeffect to heart led to the appearance of necrotic zone in myocardium with no ischemic inflammation phase, herewith the depth of cardiac muscle lesion depended directly on cryoeffect duration. The ligation of coronary artery contributed to the formation of ischemic necrosis of myocardium in the zone of ligated vessel basin with manifested discirculatory disorders. Focus lesion of myocardium resulted from the introduction of toxic doses of adrenalin was focused around arterial vessels, which later led to periarterial proliferation of fibroblasts and formation of granulation tissue.

  14. Comparison of preoperative infraorbital block with peri-incisional infiltration for postoperative pain relief in cleft lip surgeries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaonkar V

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available In this prospective, randomized study, children undergoing cleft lip surgery were either given infra-orbital nerve block (n=25 or peri-incisional infiltration (n=25 pre-operatively with 0.25% bupivacaine in 1:2,00,000 adrenaline. The overall course of anesthesia in both the groups was smooth, with excellent hemodynamic stability, indicating better pain relief during the intra-operative period. The concentration of the anesthetic agent required was reduced and recovery from anesthesia was rapid and complete. There was excellent postoperative analgesia. The children were calm and comfortable postoperatively. We conclude that infra-orbital nerve block with 0.25% bupivacaine with adrenaline provides more prolonged analgesia than peri-incisional infiltration in cleft lip repair. Infra-orbital block given by modified approach is easy to perform and free of side-effects.

  15. Catecholamines in the human diencephalon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Babović Siniša S.

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Catecholamines are chemical compounds which play an important role as neurotransmitters in many vital functions of the organism. The paper presents a short survey of their biosynthesis, disintegration and functions, with respect to the neuroanatomical location of cell groups which contain these compounds. Catecholamines in the human hypothalamus Because the authors were most interested in the behavior of catecholamines in the diencephalon, particularly in the hypothalamus, they focused their attention on cells secreting catecholamines (dopamine, noradrenaline, adrenaline, octopamine. The paper also deals with the connections between cellular structures which emit and receive the neuronal impulses that transport catecholamines as neurotransmitters. These include the following dopaminergic systems: nigrostriatal, tuberohypophysial, retinal, periventricular, periglomerular and dopaminergic systems in mesolimbic, mesocortical and diencephalic regions. The paper also indicates other areas in human brain with adrenaline and noradrenaline secreting cells. .

  16. Neuroendocrine responses to hypoglycaemia decrease within the first year after diagnosis of type 1 diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damholt, M B; Christensen, N J; Hilsted, Jannik

    2001-01-01

    Neuroendocrine responses (adrenaline, noradrenaline and pancreatic polypeptide (PP)) to hypoglycaemia are often diminished in long-term diabetic patients, but the role of autonomic nervous system changes in these reductions is not yet fully clarified. In order to establish whether such changes in...... diagnosis of diabetes. Hypoglycaemia was induced by i.v. insulin infusion after an overnight normalization of blood glucose. Autonomic nerve function was evaluated by cardiovascular tests, and somatic nerve function by nerve conduction velocities A 50% reduction was found in adrenaline (p < 0.025) and...... noradrenaline (p < 0.05) responses to hypoglycaemia; PP, too, was significantly diminished at 12 months compared with 3 months after diagnosis of type 1 diabetes. Rate of glucose recovery did not differ at month 12 compared with month 3. Cardiovascular autonomic nerve function tests did not change and remained...

  17. Dynamics of change of lipid and monoamine metabolisms and the blood coagulation system during experimental atherosclerosis caused by restriction of movement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gvishiani, G. S.; Kobakhidze, N. G.

    1980-01-01

    Shifts in lipid, catecholamine, and blood coagulation systems following various periods (1, 2, 3, and 4 months) of experimentally induced atherosclerosis were studied. The same indices were studied in the tissues of the myocardium, liver, and brain stem-reticular formation after decapitation of the animals at the end of the experiment. Periodic motion restriction caused an increase in blood beta-lipoproteins in the rabbits at the beginning of the experiment. An increase in general cholesterol content and a decrease in the lecithincholesterol index were established at the end of the experiment. Myocardial beta-lipoprotein and brain stem reticular formation general cholesterol contents were elevated; catecholamine content was increased at the end of the experiment. In the initial months, free adrenaline basically increased, while in later months blood adrenaline decreased and blood noradrenaline increased.

  18. Effect of consecutive cooling and immobilization on catecholamine metabolism in rat tissues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matlina, E. S.; Waysman, S. M.; Zaydner, I. G.; Kogan, B. M.; Nozdracheva, L. V.

    1979-01-01

    The combined effect of two stressor stimuli--cooling and immobilization--acting successively on the sympathetic-adrenaline system was studied experimentally in rats that were cooled for 8 hours at 7 C on the first day and immobilized for 6 hours on the next day. The biochemical and histochemical methods used and the experimental technique involved are described in detail. The following conclusions were formulated: (1) the successive action of cooling and immobilization results in a stronger decrease in the adrenaline and noradrenaline content in the adrenal gland than that which could be due to a simple summation of the cooling and immobilization effects; (2) successive cooling and immobilization are followed by activation of catecholamine synthesis in the adrenal gland; and (3) 1-DOPA administration (45 mg/kg 3 times in 2 days) intraabdominally activated catecholamine synthesis in the adrenal glands in both the control and test animals.

  19. Influence of food intake on the 24-hr variations of plasma iron concentration in the rabbit

    OpenAIRE

    Schümann, K; Haen, Ekkehard

    1988-01-01

    Circadian variations in plasma iron levels were first reported in humans in 1937. Influences of the sleeping pattern and of plasma cortisol and adrenaline levels on these variations as well as the reproducibility of the phenomenon itself are discussed controversially in the literature. The influence of food intake, however, was not considered in most of the studies and is therefore subject of this investigation. Circadian plasma iron and plasma transferrin variations were determined in rabbit...

  20. Endoscopic treatment for high-risk bleeding peptic ulcers: a comparison of epinephrine alone with epinephrine plus ethanolamine

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Background Among the various methods of combined endoscopic therapy for high-risk bleeding peptic ulcers the use of adrenaline followed by injection of ethanolamine is minimally demanding in terms of the endoscopic skills and instrumentation but has not been adequately studied. The aim of the present study is to determine whether the injection of ethanolamine in combination with epinephrine compared to injection of epinephrine alone reduces rebleeding rates, need for surgery and overall morta...

  1. Kinetics of adrenal medullary cells.

    OpenAIRE

    Verhofstad, A A

    1993-01-01

    The adrenal medulla of mammals has a heterogeneous population of cells. In adults most are epithelial cells containing a particular type of cytoplasmic granule. Based on a variety of cytochemical and ultrastructural studies it is now accepted that 2 different adrenal medullary chromaffin cell types can be distinguished, i.e. noradrenaline (NA) and adrenaline (A) synthesising and storing cells. Other cell types present in the adrenal medulla include neuronal elements comprising either cell bod...

  2. Anorexia nervosa depends on adrenal sympathetic hyperactivity: opposite neuroautonomic profile of hyperinsulinism syndrome

    OpenAIRE

    Lechin, Fuad; van der Dijs, Bertha; Pardey-Maldonado, Betty; Rivera, Jairo E; Baez, Scarlet; Lechin, Marcel E

    2010-01-01

    Objective The aim of our study was to determine the central and peripheral autonomic nervous system profiles underlying anorexia nervosa (AN) syndrome, given that affected patients present with the opposite clinical profile to that seen in the hyperinsulinism syndrome. Design We measured blood pressure and heart rate, as well as circulating neurotransmitters (noradrenaline, adrenaline, dopamine, plasma serotonin, and platelet serotonin), using high-performance liquid chromatography with elect...

  3. The dose-related hyper-and-hypokalaemic effects of salbutamol and its arrhythmogenic potential.

    OpenAIRE

    Du Plooy, W. J.; Hay, L; Kahler, C. P.; P.J. Schutte; Brandt, H. D.

    1994-01-01

    1. The hypokalaemic effect of salbutamol after more than 30 min of administration has been well described. A hyper-and-hypokalaemic effect for adrenaline has been reported, but no such hyperkalaemic effect for salbutamol. 2. The possible hyper-and-hypokalaemic effects of salbutamol with the concomitant potential for pro-arrhythmia were assessed in the baboon (Papio ursinus). 3. Male and female baboons were anaesthetized with ketamine (15 mg kg-1) and maintained with 6% pentobarbitone as spont...

  4. 5-Hydroxytryptamine-induced vasodilator responses in the hindquarters of the anaesthetized rat, involve beta2-adrenoceptors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calama, E; García, M; Jarque, M J; Morán, A; Martín, M L; San Román, L

    2003-10-01

    These studies were conducted to examine the role of the vasoactive mediators nitric oxide (NO) and adrenaline (epinephrine) in the serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine; 5-HT)-induced vasodilator response in the hindquarter vascular bed of anaesthetized rats. Intra-arterial administration of doses of 5-HT in the range 0.12-25 ng kg(-1) produced a dose-independent vasodilator effect in the hindquarters. The selective 5-HT(1D/1B) receptor agonist, L-694,247 at intra-arterial doses of 0.0012-1000 ng kg(-1), as well as adrenaline (at doses of 0.05-50 ng kg(-1) i.a.), mimicked the dose-independent vasodilator effect induced by intra-arterial administration of 5-HT. Intravenous pre-treatment with the selective beta2-receptor antagonist ICI 118,551 (0.5 mg kg(-1)) blocked the vasodilator effect of 5-HT, adrenaline and L-694,247. Additionally, the inhibitor of NO synthase NG-nitro-L-arginine (L-NAME) (at a dose of 10 mg kg(-1) i.v.) blocked the vasodilator action of acetylcholine 300-3000 ng kg(-1)) but did not modify 5-HT-induced vasodilatation. The vasodilator effect produced by intra-arterial administration of 5-HT in the hindquarters was significantly inhibited both 30 min after denervation of the lumbar sympathetic chains and 1 h after bilateral adrenalectomy. Our data suggest that in the in-situ autoperfused hindquarters of the rat 5-HT-induced vasodilatation is mediated by a local 5-HT(1D) or 5-HT(1D/1B) activation, which in turn mediates the adrenal release of adrenaline, which then produces beta2-activation and vasodilatation.

  5. Anaphylaxis: guidelines from the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muraro, A; Roberts, G; Worm, M; Bilò, M B; Brockow, K; Fernández Rivas, M; Santos, A F; Zolkipli, Z Q; Bellou, A; Beyer, K; Bindslev-Jensen, C; Cardona, V; Clark, A T; Demoly, P; Dubois, A E J; DunnGalvin, A; Eigenmann, P; Halken, S; Harada, L; Lack, G; Jutel, M; Niggemann, B; Ruëff, F; Timmermans, F; Vlieg-Boerstra, B J; Werfel, T; Dhami, S; Panesar, S; Akdis, C A; Sheikh, A

    2014-08-01

    Anaphylaxis is a clinical emergency, and all healthcare professionals should be familiar with its recognition and acute and ongoing management. These guidelines have been prepared by the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology (EAACI) Taskforce on Anaphylaxis. They aim to provide evidence-based recommendations for the recognition, risk factor assessment, and the management of patients who are at risk of, are experiencing, or have experienced anaphylaxis. While the primary audience is allergists, these guidelines are also relevant to all other healthcare professionals. The development of these guidelines has been underpinned by two systematic reviews of the literature, both on the epidemiology and on clinical management of anaphylaxis. Anaphylaxis is a potentially life-threatening condition whose clinical diagnosis is based on recognition of a constellation of presenting features. First-line treatment for anaphylaxis is intramuscular adrenaline. Useful second-line interventions may include removing the trigger where possible, calling for help, correct positioning of the patient, high-flow oxygen, intravenous fluids, inhaled short-acting bronchodilators, and nebulized adrenaline. Discharge arrangements should involve an assessment of the risk of further reactions, a management plan with an anaphylaxis emergency action plan, and, where appropriate, prescribing an adrenaline auto-injector. If an adrenaline auto-injector is prescribed, education on when and how to use the device should be provided. Specialist follow-up is essential to investigate possible triggers, to perform a comprehensive risk assessment, and to prevent future episodes by developing personalized risk reduction strategies including, where possible, commencing allergen immunotherapy. Training for the patient and all caregivers is essential. There are still many gaps in the evidence base for anaphylaxis. PMID:24909803

  6. Drug: D07795 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D07795 Drug Detomidine (INN) C12H14N2 186.1157 186.253 D07795.gif Analgesic [veteri...nary]; Hypnotic, sedative [veterinary] alpha2-adrenergic receptor agonist [HSA:150 151 152] [KO:K04138 K0413...9 K04140] hsa04080(150+151+152) Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction Target-based classification of drugs... [BR:br08310] G Protein-coupled receptors Rhodopsin family Adrenaline alpha2-adre

  7. Drug: D04954 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D04954 Drug Metaproterenol polistirex (USAN) Bronchodilator beta2-adrenergic recept...ceptor interaction hsa04144(154) Endocytosis hsa04261(154) Adrenergic signaling in cardiomyocytes hsa04970(1...54) Salivary secretion USP drug classification [BR:br08302] Respiratory Tract/Pul...-based classification of drugs [BR:br08310] G Protein-coupled receptors Rhodopsin family Adrenaline beta2-adr

  8. Plasma Catecholamines, Sweat Electrolytes and Physiological Responses of Exercised Normal, Partial Anhidrotic and Anhidrotic Horses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Bashir

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Malaysia imports horses from temperate countries to develop equine sports in the country. Several of these horses developed partial and complete anhidrosis. Approach: Normal, partial anhidrotic and anhidrotic horses were exercised to determine their sweating and physiological responses to exercise. The heart and respiratory rates, rectal temperature and blood samples were obtained before the horses were lunged at 10 km h-­1 for 1 h and at again at 15, 30, 45, 60 min and 24 h after exercise. The blood adrenaline and noradrenaline concentrations were determined. Sweat samples were obtained at 60 min after exercise and analyzed for Na+, K+, Cl-, urea and total protein concentrations. Results: The normal horses sweated profusely all over the body after 5 min into exercise, but the partial anhidrotic horses showed sweating in the neck, brisket, shoulder, rump, perineum and axilla only after 20-30 min of exercise. The sweat Na+, K+, Cl-, urea and total protein concentrations were lower in the partial anhidrotic horses than in normal horses while the Na+:K+ was higher. The heart and respiratory rates and rectal temperature of anhidrotic horses reached maximum values of 133.6±0.8 beats min-­1 and 186.8±0.5 breaths min-1 and 41.1±0.0°C respectively and took much longer to return to resting levels than other horses. The resting adrenaline concentrations in the anhidrotic horses were higher than in partial anhidrotic and normal horses, with the mean post-exercise adrenaline: Noradrenaline consistently above 1.15. Conclusion: The most important factor in equine anhidrosis was failure of sweat glands to respond to adrenaline. The anhidrotic horse regulated body electrolytes means other than sweating. Anhidrotic horses exhibited exercise intolerance, particularly in the hot and humid climate. There is a need to formulate a special regime for exercising anhidrotic horses in the tropical environment.

  9. Contributions to the field of neurotransmitters by Japanese scientists, and reflections on my own research

    OpenAIRE

    Otsuka, Masanori

    2007-01-01

    Part I describes important contributions made by some Japanese pioneers in the field of neurotransmitters: (their achievements in parentheses) J. Takamine (isolation and crystallization of adrenaline); K. Shimidzu (early hint for acetylcholine as a neurotransmitter); F. Kanematsu (donation of the Kanematsu Memorial Institute in Sydney); T. Hayashi (discovery of the excitatory action of glutamate and the inhibitory action of GABA); and I. Sano (discovery of a high concentration of dopamine in ...

  10. The catecholamine system in health and disease —Relation to tyrosine 3-monooxygenase and other catecholamine-synthesizing enzymes—

    OpenAIRE

    Nagatsu, Toshiharu

    2007-01-01

    Catecholamines [dopamine, noradrenaline (norepinephrine), and adrenaline (epinephrine); CAs] are neurotransmitters in the central and peripheral nervous systems as well as hormones in the endocrine system. CAs in the brain play a central role in versatile functions as slow-acting neurotransmitters functioning in synaptic neurotransmission, modulating the effects of fast-acting neurotransmitters such as glutamate and γ-aminobutyric acid (GABA). In this review, I focus on recent advances in the...

  11. Drug: D08945 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D08945 Drug Milveterol hydrochloride (USAN) C25H29N3O4. HCl 471.1925 471.9764 D0894...-based classification of drugs [BR:br08310] G Protein-coupled receptors Rhodopsin family Adrenaline beta2-ad...renergic receptor [HSA:154] [KO:K04142] Milveterol D08945 Milveterol hydrochloride (USAN) CAS: 804518-03-4 P

  12. Identifying Genes Involved in Paraganglioma Genesis

    OpenAIRE

    Gaal, José

    2010-01-01

    textabstractThe paraganglion system is composed of a collection of chromaffin cells that is distributed throughout the body. Embryonically, chromaffin cells arise from the neuroectodermal tissue of the neural crest and are thought to migrate along the innervating nerves or vasculature towards their primordial location to form the paraganglia. The largest paraganglion is the adrenal medulla, an important neuroendocrine organ, which is the body’s main source of catecholamines (adrenalin, noradr...

  13. Raised plasma concentrations of atrial natriuretic peptide are independent of left atrial dimensions in patients with chronic atrial fibrillation.

    OpenAIRE

    Berglund, H; Boukter, S; Theodorsson, E; Vallin, H; Edhag, O

    1990-01-01

    The aim of the present study was to determine whether left atrial size--a likely indicator of atrial stretching--correlates with the plasma concentration of atrial natriuretic peptide and whether this relation is different in patients in sinus rhythm and in those with atrial fibrillation. Arterial plasma concentrations of immunoreactive atrial natriuretic peptide (ir-ANP), adrenaline, noradrenaline, aldosterone, and vasopressin were measured in 13 patients in sinus rhythm without apparent hea...

  14. Characterisation of the sympathetic nervous system of Asian (Elephas maximus) and African (Loxodonta africana) elephants based on urinary catecholamine analyses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dehnhard, M

    2007-05-01

    Assessing the welfare status of captive animals using non-invasive measurements of hormones is of growing interest because this can serve as an effective tool to facilitate the optimization of environmental and husbandry conditions. Both the African elephant (Loxodonta africana) and the Asian elephant (Elephas maximus) exhibit extremely low breeding success in captivity, and because elevated levels of stress may negatively influence reproductive functions, this study sought to establish a method for assessing sympathoadrenal activity in captive female elephants. We found a circadian variation in urinary noradrenaline (norepinephrine, NE), adrenaline (epinephrine, Epi) and dopamine (DA) under short day length. Peak activity of noradrenaline and dopamine was noted at 3 a.m. Adrenaline showed a biphasic pattern with a minor peak recorded at 3 a.m. and a major peak 9 a.m. Under long-day photoperiodic conditions, simultaneous peaks of noradrenaline and adrenaline were again noted at 3 a.m. whereas dopamine does not appear to have a distinct circadian pattern under long-day length. A transfer of two elephant cows resulted in a marked increase in urinary adrenaline and noradrenaline levels, confirming that the transfer represented a stressful event. During the peripartal period, noradrenaline concentrations increased and maximum concentrations were obtained at delivery. Daily measurements of urinary dopamine throughout the follicular phase revealed an increase in dopamine secretion close to ovulation. This increase might indicate a role of dopamine in the ovulatory mechanisms. These results suggest that changes in urinary catecholamine excretion reflect fluctuations in sympathoadrenal activity and may be a useful indicator of stress. PMID:17336981

  15. Mechanism of the pro-inflammatory activity of sympathomimetic amines in thermic oedema of the rat paw.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, K L

    1974-02-01

    1 Thermic oedema induced by heating rat paws at 46.5 degrees C was potentiated by local injection of adrenaline, noradrenaline or high doses of isoprenaline. The pro-inflammatory effect of sympathomimetic amines was antagonized by phenoxybenzamine or phentolamine but not by propranolol.2 The subcutaneous space of heated rat paws was perfused with Tyrode solution and the perfusate collected and assayed for bradykinin, bradykininogen, kinin-forming activity and kininase activity. When adrenaline (0.5 mug/ml) was included in the perfusion fluid, kininase activity of the perfusate was increased by 76% and free bradykinin reduced by 46%.3 Increased vascular permeability induced by injection of bradykinin or kallikrein was reduced by adrenaline or noradrenaline, but isoprenaline had no significant effect.4 Pretreatment with soya bean trypsin inhibitor (SBTI) or heparin did not antagonize the pro-inflammatory effect of adrenaline or thermic oedema per se.5 Potentiation of thermic oedema similar to that induced by sympathomimetic amines was obtained by injecting paws with vasopressin prior to heating, or by applying a ligature to stop blood flow to the paw for the first 15 min of heating.6 Thermistor probes inserted beneath the paw skin showed that sympathomimetic amines increased the internal temperature of heated paws. This was significant, as small changes in temperature had a marked effect on the development of thermic oedema.7 It is suggested that sympathomimetic amines potentiate thermic oedema of rat paws heated at 46.5 degrees C by reducing blood flow to the paw, thereby causing a greater rise in paw temperature and consequently greater injury. PMID:4371900

  16. Analysis of Some Biogenic Amines by Micellar Liquid Chromatography

    OpenAIRE

    Irena Malinowska; Katarzyna E. Stępnik

    2012-01-01

    Micellar liquid chromatography (MLC) with the use of high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used to determine some physicochemical parameters of six biogenic amines: adrenaline, dopamine, octopamine, histamine, 2-phenylethylamine, and tyramine. In this paper, an influence of surfactant’s concentration and pH of the micellar mobile phase on the retention of the tested substances was examined. To determine the influence of surfactant’s concentration on the retention of the tested ami...

  17. [The therapeutic prospects in glaucoma treatment].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitu, N; Filip, M

    1993-01-01

    The appearance of new drugs in glaucoma's treatment has the aim to reduce the ocular hypertonia and to preserve the visual field maintaining the integrity of visual fibres which form the optic nerve. The authors review the drugs which have action on the trabeculum, such as parasympathomimetics, adrenalin, glicocorticoid antihormones and colchicine, also influencing the ciliary processes as inhibitors of carbonic anhydrase, and the drugs which have an action on the uveoscleral paths such as prostaglandines.

  18. Avalanche Beacon Parks: Skill Development and Team Coordination in a Technological Training Ground

    OpenAIRE

    Audrey Desjardins; Saul Greenberg; Ron Wakkary; Jeff Hambelton

    2016-01-01

    High-risk outdoor recreation allows its enthusiasts to reach unprecedented levels of adrenaline; it also contains risks and requires specific training (in part technological). In particular, its participants must be ready to react efficiently during an emergency or in response to an accident. Technological training grounds can simulate particular contexts and emergency situations as a place for recreationists to train and practice. In this paper, we use the practice of avalanche companion res...

  19. Drug therapy in cardiac arrest: a review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundin, Andreas; Djärv, Therese; Engdahl, Johan; Hollenberg, Jacob; Nordberg, Per; Ravn-Fischer, Annika; Ringh, Mattias; Rysz, Susanne; Svensson, Leif; Herlitz, Johan; Lundgren, Peter

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to review the literature on human studies of drug therapy in cardiac arrest during the last 25 years. In May 2015, a systematic literature search was performed in PubMed, Embase, the Cochrane Library, and CRD databases. Prospective interventional and observational studies evaluating a specified drug therapy in human cardiac arrest reporting a clinical endpoint [i.e. return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC) or survival] and published in English 1990 or later were included, whereas animal studies, case series and reports, studies of drug administration, drug pharmacology, non-specified drug therapies, preventive drug therapy, drug administration after ROSC, studies with primarily physiological endpoints, and studies of traumatic cardiac arrest were excluded. The literature search identified a total of 8936 articles. Eighty-eight articles met our inclusion criteria and were included in the review. We identified no human study in which drug therapy, compared with placebo, improved long-term survival. Regarding adrenaline and amiodarone, the drugs currently recommended in cardiac arrest, two prospective randomized placebo-controlled trials, were identified for adrenaline, and one for amiodarone, but they were all underpowered to detect differences in survival to hospital discharge. Of all reviewed studies, only one recent prospective study demonstrated improved neurological outcome with one therapy over another using a combination of vasopressin, steroids, and adrenaline as the intervention compared with standard adrenaline administration. The evidence base for drug therapy in cardiac arrest is scarce. However, many human studies on drug therapy in cardiac arrest have not been powered to identify differences in important clinical outcomes such as survival to hospital discharge and favourable neurological outcome. Efforts are needed to initiate large multicentre prospective randomized clinical trials to evaluate both currently recommended and

  20. Serious shortcomings in the management of children with anaphylaxis in Scottish schools.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kirsty E Rankin

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The United Kingdom incidence of anaphylaxis has increased very sharply over the last decade, with the highest rates of hospital admissions occurring in school-aged children. This raises concerns about the extent to which schools are aware of approaches to the prevention and treatment of anaphylaxis. METHODS AND FINDINGS: We undertook a national postal survey of 250 Scottish schools enquiring about approaches to managing children considered to be at risk of anaphylaxis. We obtained responses from 148 (60% schools, 90 (61% of which reported having at least one at risk child. Most (80% schools with children considered to be at risk reported having personalised care plans and invariably reported having at least one member of staff trained in the emergency treatment of anaphylaxis. Access to adrenaline was available on-site in 97% of these schools. However, significantly fewer schools without children considered to be at risk reported having a trained member of staff (48%, p < 0.001, with access to adrenaline being very poor (12%, p < 0.001. Overall, 59% of respondents did not feel confident in their school's ability to respond in an emergency situation. CONCLUSIONS: Most schools with children considered to be at risk of anaphylaxis report using personal care plans and having a member of staff trained in the use of, and with access to, adrenaline. The picture is, however, less encouraging in schools without known at risk children, both in relation to staff training and access to adrenaline. The majority of schools with at risk children have poorly developed strategies for preventing food-triggered anaphylaxis reactions. There is a need for detailed national guidelines for all schools, which the Scottish Executive must now ensure are developed and implemented.

  1. ROLE OF ALPHA-ADRENERGIC BLOCKING AGENT IN HYPERTROPHY OF CARDIAC MYOCYTE CARDIAC MYOCYTE%α受体阻滞剂对心肌细胞肥大的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢协驹; 吉丽敏; 符史干

    2001-01-01

    objective:The present study was to investigate the role of alphal-adrenergic receptor blocking agent(phentolamine) in the hypertrophy of cardiaomyocyte induced by adrenaline.Methods:The measurement of cell surface area and[3H]-Leucine incorporation judged the hypertrophy of cardiaomyocyte in cultured neonatal rat myocardal cells,Results:The results showed that adrenaline could significantly increase cell.surface area promote[3H]-Leucine incorporation.Alphal-adrenergic blocking agent could markedly block effects of adrenaline increasing cell surface area and promoting [3H]-Leucine incorporation, Conclusions:These results suggest that alpha-adrenergic blocking agent can prevent the hypertrophy of cardiomyocytes induced by adrenaline in cultured neontal rat myocardal cells.%目的:观察α受体阻滞剂酚妥拉明对肾上腺素诱导的心肌细胞肥大的作用。方法:在培养新生大鼠心肌细胞上。通过测量心肌细胞表面积和[3H]-Leu的掺入量来判断心肌细胞肥大。结果:肾上腺素要明显增加心肌细胞表面和[3H]-亮氨酸([3H-Leu]的掺入量,α受体阻滞剂酚妥拉明能阻断肾上腺素增加心肌细胞表面积和[3H]-Leu掺入量的作用。结论:α受体阻滞有减轻肾上腺素诱导心肌细胞肥大的作用。

  2. 严重创伤后应激反应的调控机理%Molecular biological responses to severe posttraumatic stress

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘都户; 粟永萍; 程天民

    2001-01-01

    Traumatic stress in the normal individual results in activationof the sympatho-adrenal system causing a rise in noradrenaline and adrenaline, acute phase response in liver ,and activation of the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenocortical(HPA)system resulting in elevated levels of cortisol. Studies in animals and in humans with posttraumatic stress disorder indicate that successful adaptation to stress is a prerequisite for the survival of all organisms living in an enviroment in which noxious stimuli are constantly present.

  3. 儿科高级生命支持治疗进展(2)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    VinayM.Nadkami; RobertA.Berg

    2005-01-01

    6.1 Vasopressors Epinephrine (adrenaline) is an endogenous catecholamine with potent alpha and beta stimulating properties. The alpha-adrenergic action (vasoconstriction) increases systemic and pulmonary vascular resistance, increasing both systolic and diastolic blood pressure. The rise in diastolic blood pressure directly increases coronary perfusion pressure, thereby increasing coronary blood flow and increasing the likelihood of return of spontaneous circulation. Epinephrine also increases cerebral blood flow during CPR because peripheralgreater proportion of flowvasoconstriction directs a to the cerebral circulation.

  4. Assessment of ropivacaine postoperative analgesic effect after periapical maxillary incisors surgery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tijanić Miloš

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background/Aim. Ropivacaine is a relatively new longacting local anesthetic. The aim of this study was to compare the postoperative analgesic effect of topical anesthetics ropivacaine 0.75% and lidocaine 2% with adrenaline in the postoperative treatment of periapical lesions in the maxilla. Methods. The study was conducted on 60 subjects, divided into two groups. The study-group received 0.75% ropivacaine without a vasoconstrictor, while the control group was treated with 2% lidocaine with adrenaline (1 : 80.000. Block anesthesia for n. infraorbitalis was used and local anesthetics were applied also on the palatine side for the end branches of n. nasopalatinus. The following parameters were observed: time elapsed from the application of an anesthetic until the first occurrence of pain after the surgery and first intake of an analgesic, the intensity of initial pain, pain intensity 6 h after the application of anesthetics and the total number of analgesics taken within 24 h after the completion of surgery. Results. The pain appeared statistically significantly earlier in the patients who had been given lidocaine with adrenaline (p < 0.001, while statistically significantly higher mean values of initial postoperative pain (p < 0.05 and pain intensity 6 h after the intervention (p < 0.01 were also registered in the same group of patients. In the period of 24 h upon the intervention, the study-group patients were taking less analgesics as compared to the control-group subjects (46.6% vs 73.3%, who were given analgesics earlier, although no statistically significant differences were observed related to the number of analgesic doses taken. Conclusion. The results of our study indicate a better postoperative analgesic effect of ropivacaine as compared to lidocaine with adrenaline.

  5. 硬派悍将%BROOKSADRENALINE GTS 13

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    中底为王

    2012-01-01

    作为四大跑鞋品牌之一,美国的BROOKS给我们的感觉一直较为低调,但内敛的性格却丝毫不影响其强大的科技研发实力,全新推出的ADRENALINE GTS 13就是汇集BROOKS众多成熟科技的结晶之作。

  6. Symphony Nitris后期处理工具

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    AVid Symphony Nitris系统将Symphony后期处理工具集与Avid Nitris DNA硬件的实时性融合在一起。无需重新制作在Media Composer Adrenaline HD和Avid Xpress Pro HD编辑系统上完成的作品。每个片段、特效、字幕和图形均将以HD自动重建。

  7. Perioperative anaphylaxis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Inés Berrío Valencia

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVE: Anaphylaxis remains one of the potential causes of perioperative death, being generally unanticipated and quickly progress to a life threatening situation. A narrative review of perioperative anaphylaxis is performed.CONTENT: The diagnostic tests are primarily to avoid further major events. The mainstays of treatment are adrenaline and intravenous fluids.CONCLUSION: The anesthesiologist should be familiar with the proper diagnosis, management and monitoring of perioperative anaphylaxis.

  8. Palm vitamin E reduces catecholamines, xanthine oxidase activity and gastric lesions in rats exposed to water-immersion restraint stress

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd Fahami Nur Azlina

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This study examined the effects of Palm vitamin E (PVE and α-tocopherol (α-TF supplementations on adrenalin, noradrenalin, xanthine oxidase plus dehydrogenase (XO + XD activities and gastric lesions in rats exposed to water-immersion restraint stress (WIRS. Methods Sixty male Sprague–Dawley rats (200-250 g were randomly divided into three equal sized groups. The control group was given a normal diet, while the treated groups received the same diet with oral supplementation of PVE or α-TF at 60 mg/kg body weight. After the treatment period of 28 days, each group was further subdivided into two groups with 10 rats without exposing them to stress and the other 10 rats were subjected to WIRS for 3.5 hours. Blood samples were taken to measure the adrenalin and noradrenalin levels. The rats were then sacrificed following which the stomach was excised and opened along the greater curvature and examined for lesions and XO + XD activities. Results The rats exposed to WIRS had lesions in their stomach mucosa. Our findings showed that dietary supplementations of PVE and α-TF were able to reduce gastric lesions significantly in comparison to the stressed control group. WIRS increased plasma adrenalin and noradrenalin significantly. PVE and α-TF treatments reduced these parameters significantly compared to the stressed control. Conclusions Supplementations with either PVE or α-TF reduce the formation of gastric lesions. Their protective effect was related to their abilities to inhibit stress induced elevation of adrenalin and noradrenalin levels as well as through reduction in xanthine oxidase and dehydrogenase activities.

  9. The effect of hydroalcoholic extract of Juglans regia L. leaf on blood pressure and its interaction with adrenergic system of male rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hajar Ebrahimiyan

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Background: Hypertension is one of the most common diseases in recent century with several complications. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of hydroalcoholic extract of Juglans regia L. leaves (Walnut tree on blood pressure and its interaction with the adrenergic system in male rats. Methods: In this experimental study that established in the physiology lab, School of scinse in Shiraz University from September to October 2013, in order to determine some of hydroalcoholic extract of Juglans regia L. leaves effect on blood pressure, the present study was performed by following procedure: 10 adult male wistar rats weighing between 180-250g were used. They were divided into two groups (Each group contained 5 rats randomly: Juglans regia L. leaf extract group and Juglans regia L. leaf extract and adrenaline group. Then each rat was anesthetized by IP injection of 1.2 g/kg urethane. After tracheostomy the femoral vine and artery were cannulated for drug injection and blood pressure recording respectively. Arterial cannula for recording arterial blood pressure connected to a pressure transducer (PowerLab, ADInstruments, Sydney, Australia. Blood pressure parameters were recorded before and after IV administration of hydroalcoholic extract of Juglans regia L. leaf, solvent, adrenalin and extract with adrenaline. Results: The result showed a significant decrease of mean arterial pressure, systolic and diastolic pressure in response to extract with compare to control and sham group (P<0.05. Also a significant decrease of blood pressure showed in presence of walnut leaf extract and adrenaline with compare to sham group (P<0.05. Conclusion: It can be concluded that hydroalcoholic extract of Juglans regia L. leaf suggested as a hypotensive agent. It seems that this effect is probably due to inhibitory effect on adrenergic system.

  10. Study of dopamine reactivity on platinum single crystal electrode surfaces

    OpenAIRE

    Chumillas, Sara; Figueiredo, Marta C.; Climent, Víctor; Feliu, Juan M.

    2013-01-01

    Dopamine is the biological molecule responsible, among other functions, of the heart beat and blood pressure regulation. Its loss, in the human body, can result in serious diseases such as Parkinson's, schizophrenia or depression. Structurally, this molecule belongs to the group of catecholamines, together with epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine (noradrenaline). The hydroquinone moiety of the molecule can be easily oxidized to quinone, rendering the electrochemical methods a convenie...

  11. The chromaffin cells of Siren lacertina (Amphibia, Urodela): cytological characteristics and evidence of exocytosis.

    OpenAIRE

    Accordi, F

    1988-01-01

    In the adrenal gland of Siren lacertina three types of chromaffin cells are described, on the basis of size, shape and electron density of the cytoplasmic granules: adrenaline-secreting cells, noradrenaline-secreting cells and small granulated chromaffin-cells. In A-cells exocytotic profiles are described, in which the granule membrane fuses with the plasma membrane and the granule core is discharged into the intercellular space.

  12. Plasma catecholamine level and portal venous pressure as guides to prognosis in patients with cirrhosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tage-Jensen, U; Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl; Christensen, E;

    1988-01-01

    clinical and biochemical variables and survival. Forty-seven (58%) of the patients died during the follow-up period. Univariate analysis showed that plasma noradrenaline and adrenaline concentrations, portal pressure, indocyanine green clearance, serum sodium, bilirubin, and albumin concentrations......, and the presence of ascites or cardiovascular disease were of significant prognostic value. In a multivariate analysis (Cox regression model), plasma noradrenaline concentration, portal pressure, serum bilirubin concentration, and the presence of ascites and cardiovascular disease remained significant independent...

  13. Effect of scalp block on postoperative pain relief in craniotomy patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bala, I; Gupta, B; Bhardwaj, N; Ghai, B; Khosla, V K

    2006-04-01

    The efficacy of scalp nerve block using 0.5% bupivacaine with adrenaline for postoperative pain relief in craniotomy patients was evaluated in 40 ASA I or II adult patients undergoing supratentorial craniotomy. A standard general anaesthesia technique was followed. Patients were randomly divided into two groups. Group B received 0.5% bupivacaine with 1:400,000 adrenaline and group S received normal saline with 1:400,000 adrenaline, both after skin closure. Postoperative pain was assessed at 30 seconds and 1, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 12 hours using a numerical rating scale. Diclofenac IM was administered as rescue analgesia if patients reported a numerical rating scale of 40 or more. Tramadol IV was administered as second rescue analgesia. Sixty per cent of patients in group S experienced moderate to severe pain (numerical rating scale of 40 or more) at some time during the first 12 postoperative hours in comparison to 25% patients in group B. Median pain scores were significantly lower in group B for up to 6 hours. Significantly more patients were pain free up to four hours in group B. Median duration for the requirement of first dose of diclofenac was longer in group B compared to group S (360 min vs 30 min, P < 0.01). The number of doses of diclofenac (5 vs 19) was significantly lower in group B compared to group S (P < 0.01). Tramadol was required by six patients in group S only. Scalp nerve block using 0.5% bupivacaine with 1:400,000 adrenaline decreases the incidence and severity of postoperative pain in patients undergoing supratentorial craniotomy. PMID:16617645

  14. The EpiPen and the ischaemic finger.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, Talvinder; Randhawa, Susheelwant; Khanna, Rakesh

    2007-08-01

    We present a case of a 24-year-old with a history of accidental injection of adrenaline from an EpiPen into the proximal aspect of her left index finger. Various methods were advocated to treat digital ischaemia but were of no benefit. Topical infiltration of phentolamine in 1 ml of lignocaine 2% was given at the puncture site with immediate results of resolution of digital ischaemia.

  15. Comparison of Dexmedetomidine and Esmolol for Attenuation of Hemodynamic Responses to Laryngoscopy and Tracheal Intubation in Hypertensive Patients

    OpenAIRE

    Özkan, Ahmet Selim; Bombacı, Elif

    2013-01-01

    Aim: During general anesthesia, control of the airway is often provided with endotracheal intubation, as a result, larynx and trachea are stimulated and plasma concentrations of noradrenaline and adrenaline are increased. This increase in blood pressure and heart rate causing arrhythmias and has a negative impact on myocardial oxygen delivery and consumption. Many drugs used for the prevention response to increased sympathic activity in blood pressure and heart rate. It was aimed to evaluate ...

  16. Esmolol modulates inhibitory neurotransmission in the substantia gelatinosa of the spinal trigeminal nucleus of the rat

    OpenAIRE

    Kato Fusao; Masaki Eiji; Yasui Yutaka

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background β1-adrenaline receptor antagonists are often used to avoid circulatory complications during anesthesia in patients with cardiovascular diseases. Of these drugs, esmolol, a short-acting β antagonist, is also reported to exert antinociceptive and anesthetic sparing effects. This study was designed to identify the central mechanism underlying the antinociceptive effect of esmolol. Methods Wistar rats (7-21 d, 17-50 g) were anesthetized with ketamine (100-150 mg/kg) or isoflur...

  17. Axillary brachial plexus block--an underused technique in the accident and emergency department.

    OpenAIRE

    MacKay, C A; Bowden, D F

    1997-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To compare axillary brachial plexus block and Bier's block as methods of providing upper limb anaesthesia. METHODS: Axillary brachial plexus or Bier's blocks were performed on all patients requiring upper limb anaesthesia in a three month period. For Bier's block, a single cuff tourniquet and 3 mg/kg 0.5% prilocaine were used. For axillary plexus block, 40 ml 1% lignocaine with adrenaline (1:200,000) were used, given by perivascular or transarterial technique. Prospective analysis ...

  18. Effect of indomethacin on hydralazine-induced renin and catecholamine release in the conscious rabbit.

    OpenAIRE

    Campbell, W B; Graham, R M; Jackson, E K; Loisel, D. P.; Pettinger, W A

    1980-01-01

    1. The effects of hydralazine on mean arterial pressure (MAP) heart rate (HR), plasma renin activity (PRA) and plasma catecholamines were examined in conscious rabbits before and after prostaglandin synthesis inhibition with indomethacin. 2. Hydralazine (3 mg/kg. i.v.) produced a 12% decrease in MAP and significant increases in HR, PRA and plasma noradrenaline and adrenaline. 3. Indomethacin (5 mg/kg, s.c.) failed to alter significantly the control MAP, HR, PRA or plasma catecholamines but in...

  19. [CO2-stunning of slaughter pigs: effects on EEG, catecholamines and clinical reflexes].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartung, J; Nowak, B; Waldmann, K H; Ellerbrock, S

    2002-03-01

    Investigations were carried out on the response of slaughter pigs to CO2 stunning with two different gas concentrations (80 vol%, 90 vol%, 73 s) under practical conditions in a one gondola-dip-lift system. EEG measurements were performed and blood constituents such as catecholamines (adrenaline, nor-adrenaline) and lactate as well as clinical reactions (nasal septum and corneal reflex, heart beats) investigated. Special EEG-electrodes were adapted for the measurement on pigs and a mobile data logger was prepared for the use in the lairage of the slaughter house and in the stunning unit. The CO2 concentrations were measured continuously close to the head of the pigs when transported up and down in the stunning gondola. The results show that the technique is suited to monitor the effects of different CO2 gas concentrations on the EEG of the pigs under practical conditions. There is strong evidence that CO2 concentrations of 80 vol% applied over 70 s as required by law are not sufficient to stun pigs properly. A large part of the animals still showed typical reflexes when leaving the stunning pit. When an atmosphere of 90 vol% CO2 is applied, most animals are already dead before bleeding commences. This may create problems in respect to meat hygiene. The blood analysis revealed very high concentrations of catecholamines after stunning. The values for adrenaline and nor-adrenaline in the sticking blood rose by a factor of about 1000 as compared to the concentrations in blood samples taken in the lairage before stunning. It seems necessary to revise the current legislation on gas stunning and to look in greater detail in the effects of CO2 stunning on the welfare of slaughter pigs.

  20. Response of pancreatic polypeptide to hypoglycaemia in insulin-dependent diabetics with and without residual beta-cell function

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krarup, T; Madsbad, S; Hilsted, J;

    1983-01-01

    min) (P less than 0.05 for both). The mean maximal concentrations of adrenaline (1.53 +/- 0.28 ng/ml v. 1.29 +/- 0.12 ng/ml) and noradrenaline (0.56 +/- 0.16 ng/ml v. 0.45 +/- 0.04 ng/ml) were not statistically different in the two groups. No well established explanation for an association between...

  1. Characterization of alpha-adrenoceptors in the vasculature of the canine nasal mucosa.

    OpenAIRE

    Berridge, T L; Roach, A G

    1986-01-01

    alpha-Adrenoceptors present in the vasculature of the nasal mucosa in beta-adrenoceptor blocked dogs have been characterized pharmacologically using selective alpha 1- and alpha 2-adrenoceptor agonists and antagonists. In pentobarbitone-anaesthetized dogs, intra-arterial (i.a.) administration of the selective alpha 1-agonists cirazoline and phenylephrine, the selective alpha 2-agonist UK-14,304 and the mixed alpha 1/alpha 2-agonists adrenaline, noradrenaline and oxymetazoline produced dose-re...

  2. Interactions between noradrenaline and corticosteroids in the brain: from electrical activity to cognitive performance

    OpenAIRE

    Krugers, Harmen J.; Henk eKarst; Marian eJoels

    2012-01-01

    One of the core reactions in response to a stressful situation is the activation of the hypothalamus–pituitary–adrenal (HPA) axis which increases the release of glucocorticoid hormones from the adrenal glands. In concert with other neuro-modulators, such as (nor)adrenaline, these hormones enable and promote cognitive adaptation to stressful events. Recent studies have demonstrated that glucocorticoid hormones and noradrenaline, via their receptors, can both rapidly and persistently regulate t...

  3. Adrenalectomy abolishes antagonism of alpha-adrenoceptor-mediated hypotension by a beta-blocker in conscious rats.

    OpenAIRE

    Tabrizchi, R.; Pang, C. C.

    1990-01-01

    1. The effects of a single bolus injection of propranolol, atenolol or ICI 118,551, non-selective beta-, selective beta 1- and selective beta 2-adrenoceptor antagonists, respectively, on mean arterial pressure (MAP) and plasma catecholamine concentrations were examined in seven groups of conscious and unrestrained adrenalectomized rats receiving a continuous infusion of the alpha-adrenoceptor antagonist phentolamine. In all rats adrenaline was undetectable in the plasma four days after adrena...

  4. Disease: H01005 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available H01005 Dopamine beta-hydroxylase deficiency; Norepinephrine deficiency; Noradrenaline...ries of mutations in the DBH gene encoding the key enzyme in noradrenaline synthe...sis. Nervous system disease hsa00350(1621) Tyrosine metabolism DBH [HSA:1621] [KO:K00503] Complete absence of noradrenaline and adren...aline in plasma. Increased dopamine plasma levels. Droxidopa [DR:D01277] ICD-10: G9

  5. The association between the melanocyte-stimulating hormone receptor and the alpha 2-adrenoceptor on the Anolis melanophore.

    OpenAIRE

    Carter, R J; Shuster, S.

    1982-01-01

    1 The primary effect of catecholamines was to lighten Anolis skin previously darkened by alpha-melanocyte-stimulating hormone (alpha-MSH). In concentrations above 10(-7) M noradrenaline, 10(-6) M adrenaline and 10(-5) dopamine, darkening of subpopulations of melanophores occurred. Subsequent experiments were concerned with the effect of low catecholamine concentrations on alpha-MSH action. 2 The relationship between MSH receptors and alpha-adrenoceptors on the Anolis melanophore was studied b...

  6. Splanchnic and renal elimination and release of catecholamines in cirrhosis. Evidence of enhanced sympathetic nervous activity in patients with decompensated cirrhosis.

    OpenAIRE

    Henriksen, J H; Ring-Larsen, H; I. L. Kanstrup; Christensen, N J

    1984-01-01

    Plasma noradrenaline (NA) and adrenaline (A) concentrations were determined in different vascular areas in 32 patients with cirrhosis and in nine controls during a right sided heart, liver, and renal vein catheterisation. The patients were divided into four groups: (I) Compensated (without ascites); (II) Recompensated on diuretic treatment because of former ascites; (III) Decompensated (with ascites) without treatment and (IV) Decompensated on diuretic treatment. Median arterial noradrenaline...

  7. Plasma catecholamines during exercise-induced bronchoconstriction in bronchial asthma.

    OpenAIRE

    Zieliński, J; Chodosowska, E; Radomyski, A; Araszkiewicz, Z; Kozlowski, S

    1980-01-01

    Plasma levels of adrenaline and noradrenaline during and after submaximal exercise in patients with bronchial asthma were investigated. Three groups were studied comprising 10 patients with exercise-induced bronchoconstriction (EIB), 10 asthmatic patients without EIB and four normal control subjects. Plasma catecholamines were measured at rest, at the end of exercise, and five and 15 minutes after exercise. Changes in airway resistance were assessed by measuring peak expiratory flow rate. Sig...

  8. Tissue noradrenaline and the polyol pathway in experimentally diabetic rats.

    OpenAIRE

    Lucas, P D; Qirbi, A.

    1989-01-01

    1. The effects of a six week period of streptozotocin-induced diabetes on tissue catecholamines and on in vivo noradrenaline turnover were assessed in rats. 2. Noradrenaline concentrations measured in heart ventricle, terminal ileum, vas deferens, spleen and adrenal tissue from the diabetic rats were all found to be elevated compared to those found in control rat tissues. The adrenaline contents of the adrenal glands were also raised in these animals. 3. Noradrenaline turnover in heart ventri...

  9. Arterial catecholamine levels in morphine-treated rats subjected to sympathetic nerve stimulation.

    OpenAIRE

    Leung, C. M.; S. Dai; Ogle, C. W.

    1989-01-01

    1. The effect of acute or chronic morphine treatment on the changes in arterial noradrenaline and adrenaline levels in response to sympathetic nerve stimulation was studied in rats. 2. Rats which had been chronically treated with morphine in their drinking fluid for 21 days were shown to be morphine-tolerant, as revealed by the tail-immersion test for analgesia. 3. It was found that animals given either acute or chronic morphine treatment had similar basal concentrations of arterial catechola...

  10. Systemic hormonal, electrolyte, and substrate changes after non-thermal limb injury in children.

    OpenAIRE

    Rainer, T H; Beattie, T; Crofton, P; Sedowofia, K; Stephen, R.; Barclay, C; McIntosh, N

    1999-01-01

    Relatively little is known regarding the hormonal changes after injury in children. Adult protocols are often applied to children, although the latter often have different physiological responses to trauma. Twenty children with an angulated displaced fracture of the radius and/or ulna (injury severity score 9) were studied prospectively for changes in adrenaline, noradrenaline, cortisol, angiotensin II, arginine vasopressin, urea, electrolytes, and glucose. Two blood samples were taken: one a...

  11. Hormonal Neuroendocrine and Vasoconstrictor Peptide Responses of Ball Game and Cyclic Sport Elite Athletes by Treadmill Test

    OpenAIRE

    Anna Protzner; Márta Szmodis; Anna Udvardy; Edit Bosnyák; Emese Trájer; Zsolt Komka; István Györe; Miklós Tóth

    2015-01-01

    Objective Our objective was to evaluate complex hormonal response in ball game and cyclic sport elite athletes through an incremental treadmill test, since, so far, variables in experimental procedures have often hampered comparisons of data. Methods We determined anthropometric data, heart rate, maximal oxygen uptake, workload, plasma levels of lactate, adrenaline, noradrenaline, dopamine, cortisol, angiontensinogen and endothelin in control (n = 6), soccer (n = 8), handball (n = 12), kayaki...

  12. Work stress and recovery measured by urinary catechlamines and cortisol excretion in long distance coach drivers

    OpenAIRE

    Sluiter, J. K.; van Beek; Frings-Dresen, M.H.W.

    1998-01-01

    OBJECTIVES: To evaluate coach drivers' work stress during work and in the course of recovery from work by measurement of urinary catecholamines and cortisol. METHODS: The urinary excretion rate of adrenaline, noradrenaline, and cortisol of 10 coach drivers was studied during a long distance trip of three days and two consecutive days off. Each driver was asked to provide seven urine samples on the working days and six urine samples on the days off. The second day off was considered as t...

  13. Hypersensitivity of lung vessels to catecholamines in systemic hypertension.

    OpenAIRE

    Guazzi, M D; Alimento, M; Fiorentini, C; Pepi, M; Polese, A.

    1986-01-01

    Among patients with primary systemic hypertension pressure and arteriolar resistance in the pulmonary circulation exceed normal values and are hyper-reactive to sympathetic stimulation. A study was therefore carried out in 16 patients with uncomplicated essential hypertension and nine healthy subjects to compare the pulmonary vascular reactivity to exogenous catecholamines. In the normotensive group the dose response relation to adrenaline (microgram: dyn) was 1 = -4, 2 = -9, 3 = -9, and 4 = ...

  14. Catecholamine levels in plasma and CSF in migraine.

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez, F; Castillo, J; Pardo, J.; Lema, M; Noya, M

    1993-01-01

    There is clinical and pharmacological evidence of the existence of sympathetic dysfunction in migraine. Adrenaline and noradrenaline concentrations were determined in plasma and CSF of patients during attacks of common or classic migraine, comparing them with controls suffering from stress. Plasma noradrenaline levels were significantly lower in the patients with common migraine than in controls (p < 0.05). Other catecholamine levels in plasma and CSF in both migraine groups were only slightl...

  15. Characterization of adrenoceptors involved in the electrogenic chloride secretion by cultured rat epididymal epithelium.

    OpenAIRE

    A. Y. Leung; Yip, W. K.; Wong, P. Y.

    1992-01-01

    1. Short-circuit current (SCC) technique was used to study the adrenoceptors involved in the electrogenic chloride secretion by cultured cauda epididymal epithelium of rats. Stimulation of the epithelium with noradrenaline (primarily beta 1-adrenoceptor selective agonist), salbutamol (beta 2-adrenoceptor selective agonist) and adrenaline (non-selective beta-adrenoceptor agonist) led to a rise in SCC. At a low chart-speed (2 mm min-1), the response profile to these agonists consisted of a peak...

  16. Disturbed noradrenergic blood pressure control in normotensive members of hypertensive families.

    OpenAIRE

    Bianchetti, M G; Weidmann, P; Beretta-Piccoli, C; Rupp, U; Boehringer, K; Link, L; Ferrier, C.

    1984-01-01

    The possible influence of a family history of hypertension on some variables of adrenergic blood pressure regulation was assessed. Blood pressure, heart rate, plasma renin activity, adrenaline and noradrenaline concentrations, and plasma or urinary electrolyte estimations did not differ significantly between two groups of normotensive subjects matched for age and sex with and without a family history of hypertension. Compared with subjects without a family history, however, an appreciably dec...

  17. The opposite roles of glucocorticoid and α1-adrenergic receptors in stress triggered apoptosis of rat Leydig cells

    OpenAIRE

    Andric, Silvana A.; Kojic, Zvezdana; Bjelic, Maja M.; Mihajlovic, Aleksandar I.; Baburski, Aleksandar Z.; Sokanovic, Srdjan J.; Janjic, Marija M.; Stojkov, Natasa J.; Stanko S Stojilkovic; Kostic, Tatjana S.

    2012-01-01

    The stress-induced initiation of proapoptotic signaling in Leydig cells is relatively well defined, but the duration of this signaling and the mechanism(s) involved in opposing the stress responses have not been addressed. In this study, immobilization stress (IMO) was applied for 2 h daily, and animals were euthanized immediately after the first (IMO1), second (IMO2), and 10th (IMO10) sessions. In IMO1 and IMO2 rats, serum corticosterone and adrenaline were elevated, whereas serum androgens ...

  18. Screening for coping style increases the power of gene expression studies

    OpenAIRE

    Mackenzie, S.; Ribas, L.; Pilarczyk, M.; Capdevila, D.M.; Kadri, S; Huntingford, F.A.

    2009-01-01

    Background: Individuals of many vertebrate species show different stress coping styles and these have a striking influence on how gene expression shifts in response to a variety of challenges. Principal Findings: This is clearly illustrated by a study in which common carp displaying behavioural predictors of different coping styles (characterised by a proactive, adrenaline-based or a reactive, cortisol-based response) were subjected to inflammatory challenge and specific gene transcripts meas...

  19. On the adrenergic system of ganoid fish: the beluga, Huso huso (chondrostei).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balashov, N V; Fänge, R; Govyrin, V A; Leont'eva, G R; Nilsson, S; Prozorovskaya, M P

    1981-04-01

    The adrenergic system of the beluga, Huso huso, was studied by glyoxylic acid fluorescence histochemistry, analyses of catecholamine content in various organs and studies of the effects of acetylcholine and adrenaline on isolated strip preparations from blood vessels, spleen, atrium and ventricle. Chromaffin cells were found mainly in the walls of the posterior cardinal veins, and to some extent also in the wall of the celiaco-mesenteric artery. The plasma concentration of adrenaline was high enough to affect the contraction force of the isolated atrial and ventricular strips, thus adding an adrenergic component to a possible cholinergic inhibitory vagal control of the heart. Fluorescence histochemistry revealed no direct adrenergic innervation of the heart, but blood vessels in the heart and elsewhere received a rich supply of adrenergic nerve terminals. Adrenaline contracted the celiaco-mesenteric artery and the spleen, and produced positive inotropic effects on the paced atrial and ventricular strip preparations. Acetylcholine contracted the ventral aorta and the celiaco-mesenteric artery, and reduced the contraction force of paced ventricular and, especially, atrial preparations. It is concluded that the beluga has a well developed adrenergic system consisting of both chromaffin cells and adrenergic neurons with varicose nerve terminals of the type found in the higher vertebrates. PMID:7304205

  20. Regulation of pulmonary surfactant secretion in the developing lizard, Pogona vitticeps.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Lucy C; Orgeig, Sandra; Daniels, Christopher B

    2002-11-01

    Pulmonary surfactant is a mixture of lipids and proteins that is secreted by alveolar type II cells in the lungs of all air-breathing vertebrates. Pulmonary surfactant functions to reduce the surface tension in the lungs and, therefore, reduce the work of breathing. In mammals, the embryonic maturation of the surfactant system is controlled by a host of factors, including glucocorticoids, thyroid hormones and autonomic neurotransmitters. We have used a co-culture system of embryonic type II cells and lung fibroblasts to investigate the ability of dexamethasone, tri-iodothyronine (T(3)), adrenaline and carbamylcholine (carbachol) to stimulate the cellular secretion of phosphatidylcholine in the bearded dragon (Pogona vitticeps) at day 55 (approx. 92%) of incubation and following hatching. Adrenaline stimulated surfactant secretion both before and after hatching, whereas carbachol stimulated secretion only at day 55. Glucocorticoids and triiodothyronine together stimulated secretion at day 55 but did not after hatching. Therefore, adrenaline, carbachol, dexamethasone and T(3), are all involved in the development of the surfactant system in the bearded dragon. However, the efficacy of the hormones is attenuated during the developmental process. These differences probably relate to the changes in the cellular environment during development and the specific biology of the bearded dragon. PMID:12443912

  1. Anaphylaxis: diagnosis and management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Simon G A; Mullins, Raymond J; Gold, Michael S

    2006-09-01

    Anaphylaxis is a serious, rapid-onset, allergic reaction that may cause death. Severe anaphylaxis is characterised by life-threatening upper airway obstruction, bronchospasm and/or hypotension. Anaphylaxis in children is most often caused by food. Bronchospasm is a common symptom, and there is usually a background of atopy and asthma. Venom- and drug-induced anaphylaxis are more common in adults, in whom hypotension is more likely to occur. Diagnosis can be difficult, with skin features being absent in up to 20% of people. Anaphylaxis must be considered as a differential diagnosis for any acute-onset respiratory distress, bronchospasm, hypotension or cardiac arrest. The cornerstones of initial management are putting the patient in the supine position, administering intramuscular adrenaline into the lateral thigh, resuscitation with intravenous fluid, support of the airway and ventilation, and giving supplementary oxygen. If the response to initial management is inadequate, intravenous infusion of adrenaline should be commenced. Use of vasopressors should be considered if hypotension persists. The patient should be observed for at least 4 hours after symptom resolution and referred to an allergist to assist with diagnosis, allergen avoidance measures, risk assessment, preparation of an action plan and education on the use of self-injectable adrenaline. Provision of a MedicAlert bracelet should also be arranged. PMID:16948628

  2. The importance of neurotransmitters in the central control of the blood pressure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In anaesthetized cats, the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS) and the locus coeruleus (LC) were bilaterally superfused through push-pull cannulae with artificial cerebrospinal fluid. Catecholamines were determined in the superfusate by a radioenzymatic assay, gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) was determined in the superfusate and homogenate with glutamate by an enzymatic and fluorimetric assay. In the NTS and LC the resting release of catecholamines varied rhythmically. To investigate the function of catecholaminergic neurons and GABAergic neurons of the NTS in cardiovascular control, the influence of experimentally induced blood pressure changes on the rates of release of the endogenous catecholamines dopamine, noradrenaline and adrenaline in the NTS was observed. The decreased noradrenaline and adrenaline release elicited by increases in blood pressure and the reduced release of dopamine induced by decreases in blood pressure suggest a hypertensive function of noradrenaline and adrenaline and a hypotensive role of dopamine at the level of the rostral and intermediate NTS. Bilateral carotid occlusion led to a very pronounced increase in the release rate of GABA in the rostral NTS. This result demonstrate the hypertensive function of GABA in the NTS. Thus underlining the importance of catecholaminergic and GABAergic neurons of the NTS in central cardiovascular control. The GABA-transaminase inhibitor Vigabatrin was injected wistar Kyoto rats and spontaneously hypertensive rats. GABA-Transaminase inhibition was accompanied by an increase of GABA concentration in the rat brain. The administration of Vigabatrin had no influence on the blood pressure but on the body wight of the rats. (Author)

  3. Improvement of the Original Isolation Procedure for Hormone Studies in Short-Time Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mukadder Atmaca

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Earlier studies indicated that hormone responsiveness of cells and metabolic activity was lost during various of experimental procedure. In the light of this observation, I aimed to investigate to obtain optimal conditions for short time cultured hepatocytes and also to determine the type of test can be used to evaluate suitablity of hepatocytes for hormones studies. During the isolation period 50 IU/ml and 100 IU/ml collagenase were used. Adrenaline (10-6M was used to measure sensitivity of hepatocytes to hormones and glycogenolsis was measured at the end of 2hr incubation period. Adrenaline significantly increased gylcogenolysis (Control: 0.16±0.01 mg/2hr; Adrenaline: 0.30±0.01 mg/2hr only when the 50 IU/ml collagenase was used and the viability of the cells were over 95%. Viability tests were applied to hepatocytes that obtained by using 50 IU collagenase. Cellular glutathione, methylthiazoltetrazolium reduction, lactatedehdrogenase leakage, ATP level measured to determine viability following the attachment and incubation period. No differences were observed at the end of each period.Altogether, the present study indicated that membrane integrity and metabolic function of the hepatocytes can be improved by modifying slightly the original procedure of Reese and Byard.

  4. Level of knowledge about anaphylaxis and its management among health care providers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H S Drupad

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: This study was conducted to assess the level of knowledge of health care providers regarding anaphylaxis and its management at a tertiary care teaching hospital. Materials and Methods: A pretested structured questionnaire was administered to interns, MBBS Phase II students, and nursing students. The subjects were asked to answer the questionnaire, which included questions regarding anaphylaxis and its management. Results: Of 265 subjects, 151 (56.9% of subjects answered correctly that adrenaline is the first line of drug for the treatment of anaphylaxis. Among 151 subjects, 40 (26.4% answered the correct dose of adrenaline, of which 25 (16.5% subjects selected intramuscular injection as the most appropriate route of administration. Medical students′ performance was better than interns and nursing students on questions regarding dose, route, and site of adrenaline administration. Conclusion: Knowledge regarding the management of anaphylaxis was inadequate in almost all the health care providers who were included in the study. Improved education and training of health care providers are necessary for better management of anaphylaxis.

  5. 超级决战——“格斗沙皇”菲多VS西尔维亚

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈奇斯

    2008-01-01

    败于"牛头人"安东尼奥之手后,蒂姆·西尔维亚(Tim Sylvia)与UFC当局在台约问题上有所分歧,最终选择了离开UFC。他与他的经理人对外宣报将会成立一个新的MMA比赛Adrenaline MMA (Adrenaline直译为肾上腺),而该比赛组织的班底即是只成立了5个月就解散的M-1 Global里的美国人,并且宣称他很乐意在不久的将来与MMA格斗沙皇菲多·埃美利安恩科(Fedor Emelia- nenko)打一场。这一令人兴奋的梦幻之战最终得以实现,虽然并不是发生在Adrenaline MMA的赛场上,而是发生在一个由时装公司Affliction投资牵头,蒂姆所在的Adrenaline MMA团队、菲多、乔希·巴纳特军团和兰迪军团参与的新比赛——AFFLICTION BANNED上!汇集了全世界最顶尖的格斗高手的比赛阵容令全世界格斗迷为之疯狂!比

  6. Impaired hormonal counterregulation to biochemical hypoglycaemia does not explain the high incidence of severe hypoglycaemia during pregnancy in women with type 1 diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen-Bjergaard, Ulrik; Thorsteinsson, Birger; Boomsma, Frans;

    2013-01-01

    . At 8, 14, 21, 27 and 33 weeks (women with diabetes) and 15, 28 and 34 weeks (healthy women) blood was sampled for measurements of glucose, adrenaline, noradrenaline, cortisol and glucagon. Each woman's measurement of serum glucose was matched with her corresponding hormone concentrations. Severe...... hypoglycaemia (requiring help from another person) was recorded prospectively. Results. During normoglycaemia (serum glucose > 3.9 mmol/L), adrenaline concentrations were higher in early pregnancy compared with late pregnancy in women with diabetes (21 (7-111) pg/ml vs. 17 (2-131), p = 0.02) and healthy women...... (21 (10-37) pg/ml vs. 13 (5-49), p = 0.046). Biochemical hypoglycaemia (serum glucose ≤ 3.9 mmol/L) occurred in 70 women with diabetes (65%) in at least one of the five samplings. At 8 and 33 weeks, adrenaline concentrations at biochemical hypoglycaemia were similar (30 (5-164) pg/ml and 29 (9-152), p...

  7. Antiplatelet principles from a food spice clove (Syzygium aromaticum L) [corrected].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srivastava, K C

    1993-05-01

    In continuation of our studies on the oil of cloves--a common kitchen spice and a drug for home medicine--we have isolated and identified two antiplatelet components, eugenol and acetyl eugenol. They inhibited arachidonate-, adrenaline- and collagen-induced platelet aggregation; they were more potent in inhibiting aggregation by the first two agonists. Their inhibitory effect was reversible. These components were antiaggregatory by a combination of at least two effects: (i) inhibition of platelet thromboxane formation, and (ii) increased formation of 12-lipoxygenase products (12-HPETE). Though the presence of plasma proteins would reduce the effective concentration of these substances due to binding, the relatively lower amounts of these components which inhibited arachidonate-induced aggregation when compared to their effects on thromboxane production was intriguing. The answer might partly lie in an increased formation of 12-HPETE facilitated by albumin which acts as a 'conduit' to divert free arachadonic acid (AA) from the platelet cyclooxygenase (CO) to the lipoxygenase pathway (22). Based on their IC50 values, it was found that both eugenol and acetyl eugenol were more potent than aspirin in inhibiting platelet aggregation induced by arachidonate, adrenaline and collagen. In arachidonate-induced aggregation eugenol was on a par with indomethacin. It was found that eugenol and acetyl eugenol when used in combination potentiated inhibition of platelet aggregation induced by arachidonate, adrenaline and collagen. This effect was, however, not evident from the metabolism of AA in platelets; when used in combination the two compounds produced an additive effect. PMID:8321872

  8. Raman, IR, UV-vis and EPR characterization of two copper dioxolene complexes derived from L-dopa and dopamine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barreto, Wagner J.; Barreto, Sônia R. G.; Ando, Rômulo A.; Santos, Paulo S.; DiMauro, Eduardo; Jorge, Thiago

    2008-12-01

    The anionic complexes [Cu(L 1-) 3] 1-, L - = dopasemiquinone or L-dopasemiquinone, were prepared and characterized. The complexes are stable in aqueous solution showing intense absorption bands at ca. 605 nm for Cu(II)-L-dopasemiquinone and at ca. 595 nm for Cu(II)-dopasemiquinone in the UV-vis spectra, that can be assigned to intraligand transitions. Noradrenaline and adrenaline, under the same reaction conditions, did not yield Cu-complexes, despite the bands in the UV region showing that noradrenaline and adrenaline were oxidized during the process. The complexes display a resonance Raman effect, and the most enhanced bands involve ring modes and particularly the νCC + νCO stretching mode at ca. 1384 cm -1. The free radical nature of the ligands and the oxidation state of the Cu(II) were confirmed by the EPR spectra that display absorptions assigned to organic radicals with g = 2.0005 and g = 2.0923, and for Cu(II) with g = 2.008 and g = 2.0897 for L-dopasemiquinone and dopasemiquinone, respectively. The possibility that dopamine and L-dopa can form stable and aqueous-soluble copper complexes at neutral pH, whereas noradrenaline and adrenaline cannot, may be important in understanding how Cu(II)-dopamine crosses the cellular membrane as proposed in the literature to explain the role of copper in Wilson disease.

  9. 利多卡因及伊布利特在治疗犬长时间心室颤动模型中的疗效比较%Comparison of Lidocaine and Ibutilide in Treating Ventricular-Fibrillation in Canine Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘红臻; 钟敬泉; 李景莎; 苏国英; 王静; 张运

    2011-01-01

    Objective :To compare the efficacy of lidocaine and ibutilide respectively combined with adrenaline in treating the ventricularfibrillation(VF) in Canine Model.Methods :The experimental dog had 12 minutes of untreated VF, and then received 2 min of cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) followed by immediate defibrillation of 100J biphase. Dogs with persistent VF were randomly assigned into 3 groups,n=8 in each group. Lidocaine( 1.5 mg/kg) +adrenaline(0. 02 mg/kg) group, Ibutilide(0. 01 mg/kg) +adrenaline group,and adrenaline alone(Control) group. If VF still continued,then CPR was continued, defibrillation energy was increased to 150J biphnse, and the same medications were used every 5 min. The endpoint was return of spontaneous circulation. During the entire experiment, the aortic and right atrial pressures were continuously monitored, coronary perfusion pressure (CPP) was examined and the corrected QT interval (QTc) was calculated by Bazett's formula.Results:The QTc in Lidocaine+adrenaline group and Control group were obviously lower than that in Ibutilide+adrenaline group,P<0. 05 respectively. The CPP in Lidocaine+adrenaline group and Ibutilide+adrenaline group were higher than that in Control group,P<0. 05 respectively. The defibrillation energy in Lidocaine+adrenaline group and Ibutilide+adrenaline group were lower than that in Control group,P<0. 05 respectively.Conclusion: Lidocaine and ibutilide respectively combined with adrenaline are both effective for improving the CPP in treating VF in canine model.%目的:利多卡因和伊布利特分别联用肾上腺素,应用到心室颤动的早期治疗过程中,比较两种药物的疗效.方法:犬心室颤动12分钟后立即进行2分钟的胸外按压,随即100 J双向波电除颤,仍为心室颤动的犬随机分为3组(每组8只),分别给予相应药物:利多卡因组,利多卡因(1.5 mg/kg)联用肾上腺素(0.02 mg/kg);伊布利特组:伊布利特(0.01 mg/kg)联用肾上腺素(0.02 mg/kg);

  10. 艾司洛尔与急性心肌梗死患者红细胞携氧能力的关系研究%Study on the Relationship Between Esmolol and Erythrocyte Oxygen Carrying Capacity in Pa-tients with Acute Myocardial Infarction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙向华; 韩莲花; 李红霞; 惠杰

    2014-01-01

    【目的】探讨艾司洛尔是否影响急性心肌梗死患者红细胞血红蛋白的携氧能力。【方法】采集急性心肌梗死患者红细胞,悬浮于不同pH值(pH7.4、pH5.0)等渗PBS缓冲液,分别用肾上腺素、艾司洛尔、艾司洛尔+肾上腺素预处理红细胞,在拉曼光谱点扫描检测单个活态红细胞内血红蛋白特征光谱变化。【结果】在pH5.0时,氧化血红蛋白特征峰峰强在PBS、艾司洛尔的作用下明显降低;在肾上腺素的作用下显著升高(P<0.05);而经艾司洛尔+肾上腺索预处理后,肾上腺素的这一作用不明显。【结论】艾司洛尔能减轻肾上腺素在酸性环境中增加红细胞血红蛋白的氧合力的作用,增加氧从血红蛋白的解离,有利于缺氧组织的供氧。%[Obj ective]To explore whether esmolol affects erythrocyte oxygen carrying capacity in patients with acute myocardial infarction.[Methods]Erythrocytes from patients with acute myocardial infarction were collected and suspended in isotonic PBS buffer solution with different pH value(pH7.4 and pH5.0).Erythro-cytes were pretreated with adrenaline,esmolol and adrenaline plus esmolol,respectively.The characteristic spectral changes of hemoglobin in single living erythrocytes were detected by using Raman spectroscopy analy-sis.[Results]Characteristic peak of oxyhemoglobin treated with PBS and esmolol at pH5.0 was decreased obvi-ously,but that treated with adrenaline was increased significantly. After pretreatment with esmolol plus adrenaline,the effect of adrenaline was not obvious.[Conclusion]Esmolol can reduce the effect of adrenaline for enhancing erythrocyte oxygen carrying capacity of hemoglobin in acid environment,and increase the disso-ciation of oxygen from hemoglobin,and is helpful for oxygen supply of anoxia tissue.

  11. Does Injection of Lidocaine with 1/100000 Epinephrine Immediately before Lateral Osteotomy Reduce Post-Operative Periorbital Edema and Ecchymosis in Rhinoplasty?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    mansoor zojajy

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Postoperative periorbital edema and ecchymosis are common after rhinoplasty. We studied the effect of local injection of Lidocaine/Adrenaline immediately before osteotomy on prevention of post-operative periorbital edema and ecchymosis in rhinoplasty.Materials and Methods: Thirty healthy candidates for rhinoplasty were enrolled in the self-controlled clinical trial study. Lidocaine/Adrenaline solution injected randomly to one side just prior to the lateral osteotomy. The opposite side used as a control. The degree of edema/ecchymosis on both sides was compared on the 1st, 2nd and 7th day postoperatively.Results: Mean of severity of edema, 24 hours after operation was 3in both sides, (Mann-whitney U; p=0.829. Mean of severity of edema, 48 hours after operation was 2 in both sides (Mann-whitney U; p=0.867 and it was 1 in both sides 7 days after operation (Mann-whitney U; p=0.756.There was no significant difference between two sides. Mean of severity of ecchymosis, 24 hours after operation was 3 in both sides (Mann-whitney U; p=0.692. Mean of severity of ecchymosis, 48 hours after operation was 2 in both sides (Mann-whitney U; p=0.655 and it was 1 in both sides 7 days after operation (Mann-whitney U; p=0.873. There was no significant difference between two sides.Conclusion: local injection of Lidocaine/Adrenaline solution immediately before lateral osteotomy could not reduce postoperative edema and ecchymosis in rhinoplasty.

  12. 肝龙胶囊对小鼠血糖浓度的影响%Effect of Ganlong Capsule on Blood Glucose Concentration of Mice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    桂罗兰; 单华; 史彩艳; 李敬美; 彭芳

    2013-01-01

    目的:研究肝龙胶囊对正常小鼠血糖及肾上腺素致高血糖模型小鼠的血糖浓度的影响。方法:采用葡萄糖氧化酶法测定正常小鼠的血糖浓度及肾上腺素诱导小鼠高血糖不同处理后的血糖浓度变化。结果:肝龙胶囊对正常小鼠血糖浓度无影响,而对肾上腺素高血糖模型小鼠有显著的降糖作用(P<0.01,P<0.05)。结论:肝龙胶囊能降低肾上腺素性高血糖小鼠的血糖浓度,对正常小鼠血糖浓度无影响。%Objective: To investigate the effect of Ganlong capsule on blood glucose concentration on normal mice and adrenaline induced hyperglycemic mice. Methods:We observed the changes of blood glucose concentration on model mice by the glucose oxidase method. Results: Ganlong capsule has no effect on the blood glucose concentration on normal mice, but obvious hypoglycemic effect on adrenaline induced hyperglycemia model mice (P<0.01, P<0.05). Conclusion: Ganlong capsule could decrease the blood glucose concentration in adrenaline-induced hyperglycemic mice, but has no effect on the normal mice blood glucose concentration.

  13. CARDIOPROTECTIVE EFFECT OF IVABRADINE VERSUS CARVEDILOL IN RATS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    El sayed A. Osman MD, Nasr N. Zaki MD, Samia M. M. Elshiaty MD, Hanan T. Emam MD and Fatma F. Hendawi

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The discovery of the f-channel and its role in regulating pacemaker activity lead to the development of new pharmacological agents such as ivabradine, which target these f-channels causing a reduction in heart rate by inhibiting the /fcurrent. The aim of the present work was designed to evaluate the cardioprotective effect of ivabradine on experimentally- induced myocardial infarction and adrenaline-induced arrhythmia in rats. In addition, the present work studied the effect of ivabradine on isolated rabbit's aortic spiral strip and isolated rabbit's heart. Acute myocardial infarction in rats was induced by isoperameline (150mg/kg subcutenous injection, once 24 rats were divided into the following groups: group (1 control normal rats, group (II myocardial infarction – induced rats with no previous treatment, group (III myocardial infarction – induced rats pretreated with ivabradine (10mg/kg/day for one week and group (IV myocardial infarction – induced rats pretreated with carvedilol (1mg/kg/day for one week. Electrophysiological, biochemical and histopathological parameters were estimated. pretreatment with either ivabradine or carvedilol show significant improvement in all these parameters with insignificant difference between them. In the current work 20 rats were used to investigate the protective effects of ivabradine (10mg/kg and carvedilol (1mg/kg on adrenaline- induced arrhythmia in anaesthetized rats and the results revealed that both drugs had a prophylactive effect. Also data obtained in the present work pointed out that ivabradine in gradually increasing doses produce no significant effect on the isolated rabbit's aortic strip and basal myocardial contractility of isolated rabbit's heart. Both ivabradine and carvedilol have cardioprotective effect against acute MI as well as adrenaline- induced arrhythmia with no significant difference between them, also ivabradine has no effect on contractility of the heart. So, the choice of

  14. Thrombelastography and biomarker profiles in acute coagulopathy of trauma: a prospective study

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    Larsen Claus F

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Severe injury induces an acute coagulopathy associated with increased mortality. This study compared the Thrombelastography (TEG and biomarker profiles upon admission in trauma patients. Methods Prospective observational study of 80 trauma patients admitted to a Level I Trauma Centre. Data on demography, biochemistry including standard coagulation tests, hematology, transfusions, Injury Severity Score (ISS and TEG were recorded. Retrospective analysis of thawed plasma/serum for biomarkers reflecting tissue injury (histone-complexed DNA fragments, sympathoadrenal activation (adrenaline, noradrenaline, coagulation activation/inhibition and fibrinolysis (sCD40L, protein C, activated Protein C, tissue-type plasminogen activator, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, D-dimer, prothrombinfragment 1+2, plasmin/α2-antiplasmin complex, thrombin/antithrombin complex, tissue factor pathway inhibitor, antithrombin, von willebrand factor, factor XIII. Comparison of patients stratified according to ISS/TEG maximum clot strength. Linear regression analysis of variables associated with clot strength. Results Trauma patients had normal (86%, hypercoagulable (11% or hypocoagulable (1% TEG clot strength; one had primary hyperfibrinolysis. Hypercoagulable patients had higher age, fibrinogen and platelet count (all p 10 red blood cells the initial 24 h. Patients with normal or hypercoagulable TEG clot strength had comparable biomarker profiles, but the few patients with hypocoagulable TEG clot strength and/or hyperfibrinolysis had very different biomarker profiles. Increasing ISS was associated with higher levels of catecholamines, histone-complexed DNA fragments, sCD40L, activated protein C and D-dimer and reduced levels of non-activated protein C, antithrombin, fibrinogen and factor XIII (all p 26. In patients with ISS > 26, adrenaline and sCD40L were independently negatively associated with clot strength. Conclusions Trauma patients displayed

  15. Effect of dexamethasone added to lidocaine in supraclavicular brachial plexus block: A prospective, randomised, double-blind study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prashant A Biradar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Different additives have been used to prolong brachial plexus block. We performed a prospective, randomised, double-blind study to evaluate the effect of dexamethasone added to lidocaine on the onset and duration of supraclavicular brachial plexus block as this is the most common type of brachial block performed in our institute. Methods: Sixty American Society of Anaesthesiologist′s physical status I and II patients undergoing elective hand, forearm and elbow surgery under brachial plexus block were randomly allocated to receive either 1.5% lidocaine (7 mg/kg with adrenaline (1:200,000 and 2 ml of normal saline (group C, n=30 or 1.5% lidocaine (7 mg/kg with adrenaline (1:200,000 and 2 ml of dexamethasone (8 mg (group D, n=30. The block was performed using a nerve stimulator. Onset and duration of sensory and motor blockade were assessed. The sensory and motor blockade of radial, median, ulnar and musculocutaneous nerves were evaluated and recorded at 5, 10, 20, 120 min, and at every 30 min thereafter. Results: Two patients were excluded from the study because of block failure. The onset of sensory and motor blockade (13.4±2.8 vs. 16.0±2.3 min and 16.0±2.7 vs. 18.7±2.8 min, respectively were significantly more rapid in the dexamethasone group than in the control group ( P=0.001. The duration of sensory and motor blockade (326±58.6 vs. 159±20.1 and 290.6±52.7 vs. 135.5±20.3 min, respectively were significantly longer in the dexamethasone group than in the control group ( P=0.001. Conclusion: Addition of dexamethasone to 1.5% lidocaine with adrenaline in supraclavicular brachial plexus block speeds the onset and prolongs the duration of sensory and motor blockade.

  16. 肾上腺素联合地塞米松急救过敏性喉头水肿的临床疗效分析%Epinephrine and Dexamethasone Emergency Clinical Efficacy Allergic Laryngeal Edema

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁聪; 赵悦

    2016-01-01

    目的:研究使用肾上腺素联合地塞米松对过敏性喉头水肿患者在急救中的临床疗效。方法选取50例在急症收治的过敏性喉头水肿患者,随机分成试验组与对照组,对照组25例,使用常规治疗,试验组25例,在常规治疗的基础上采用肾上腺素联合地塞米松雾化吸入治疗,观察两组患者的总有效率。结果试验组总有效率高于对照组(P<0.05)。结论采用肾上腺素联合地塞米松急诊雾化吸入治疗过敏性喉头水肿比常规治疗效果显著,值得在临床推广。%Objective Discussed the effect of adrenaline combined with dexamethasone in the treatment of Allergic laryngeal edema.Methods Selected 50 patients with Allergic laryngeal edema were randomly divided into experimental group and control group, control group 25 patients used of the conventional treatment, experimental group 25 patients in the control group on the basis of using adrenaline combined with dexamethasone treatment, observe two groups of patients total effective rate.Results Observation group total effective rate was higher than the control group, the difference was statistically significant(P<0.05).Conclusion Adrenaline combined with dexamethasone to treat Allergic laryngeal edema effect was better than that conventional alone,is worth popularizing in clinical.

  17. ROLE OF PROTEIN KINASE C IN THE HYPERTROPHY OF CARDIOMYOCYTES%蛋白激酶C在心肌细胞肥大中的作用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢协驹; 吉丽敏; 符史干

    2001-01-01

    Objective:The present study was to investigate the role ofprotein kinase C(PKC)in the hypertrophy of cardimyocytes.Methods:The measurement of cell surface area and [3H]-Leucine incorporation judged the hypertrophy of cardiaomycocyte in cultured neonatal rat myocardal cells.Results:The results showed that adrenaline could significantly increase cell surface area and promote [3H]-Leucine incorporation.PKC inhibitor Calphostin C could markedly block effects of adrenaline increasing cell surface area and promoting [3H]-Leucine incorporation.Conclusions:These results suggest that the hypertrophy of cardiomyocytes induced by adrenaline in cultured neonatal rat myocardal cells is relation PKC.%目的:要探讨蛋白激酶C(PKC)在心肌细胞肥大中的作用机制。方法:在培养新生大鼠心肌细胞上,通过测量心肌细胞表面积和[3H]-Leu的掺入量来判断心肌细胞肥大。结果:肾上腺素能明显增加心肌细胞表现积和[3H]-Leu的掺入量,PKC抑制剂(CalphostinC)可抑制肾上腺素诱导的心肌细胞表面积和[3H]-Leu掺入量增加。结论:PKC在肾上腺素诱导的心肌细胞肥大反应中起重要作用。

  18. Optimal management of acute nonrenal adverse reactions to iodine-based contrast media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nielsen YW

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Yousef W Nielsen, Henrik S Thomsen Department of Radiology, Copenhagen University Hospital Herlev, Copenhagen, Denmark Abstract: Acute adverse reactions to iodine-based contrast media occur within 60 minutes of administration. The reactions range from mild (flushing, arm pain, nausea/vomiting, headache to moderate (bronchospasm, hypotension, and severe (cardiovascular collapse, laryngeal edema, convulsions, arrhythmias. Most acute adverse reactions occur in an unpredictable manner. Use of the older group of ionic iodine-based contrast agents increases the risk of acute adverse reactions. Other risk factors include previous reactions to contrast media, asthma, and allergic conditions. The exact pathophysiology of the acute adverse reactions is unknown, but some of the reactions are pseudoallergic mimicking type 1 allergic reactions. As antibodies against contrast media have not been consistently demonstrated, the reactions are, in most cases, not truly allergic in nature. Most of the severe and fatal adverse reactions occur within the first 20 minutes after injection. Thus, it is important that patients are observed in the radiology department during this period. The radiologist should be near the room where contrast media is administered, and be ready to treat any acute nonrenal adverse reaction. Appropriate drugs and resuscitation equipment should be in/near the room where the contrast media is administered. The important first-line management of acute adverse reactions includes the establishment of an adequate airway, oxygen supplementation by mask, intravenous fluid administration, and measurement of blood pressure and heart rate. When severe anaphylactoid reactions occur, adrenaline should be given intramuscularly. Only one concentration of adrenaline (1:1000–1 mg/mL should be available in the radiology department to avoid dosing errors in stressful acute settings. Resuscitation team specialists should be the only ones giving intravenous

  19. Binding of adrenergic ligands to liver plasma membrane preparations from the axolotl, Ambystoma mexicanum; the toad, Xenopus laevis; and the Australian lungfish, Neoceratodus forsteri.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janssens, P A; Grigg, J A

    1988-09-01

    The beta-adrenergic ligand iodocyanopindolol (ICP) bound specifically to hepatic plasma membrane preparations from the axolotl, Ambystoma mexicanum (Bmax, 40 fmol/mg protein (P) at free concentration above 140 pM; KD, 42 pM); the toad, Xenopus laevis (Bmax, 200 fmol/mg P at 1 nM; KD, 300 pM); and the Australian lungfish, Neoceratodus forsteri (Bmax, 100 fmol/mg P at 5 nM). For the lungfish, the Scatchard plot was curved showing two classes of binding site with KD's of 20 and 500 pM. Neither the alpha 1-adrenergic ligand prazosin nor the alpha 2-adrenergic ligand yohimbine bound specifically to hepatic membrane preparations from any of the three species. Several adrenergic ligands displaced ICP from hepatic membrane preparations of all three species with KD's of Axolotl--propranolol, 50 nM; isoprenaline, 600 nM; adrenaline, 10 microM; phenylephrine, 20 microM; noradrenaline, 40 microM; and phentolamine, greater than 100 microM; X. laevis--propranolol, 30 nM; isoprenaline, 100 microM; adrenaline, 200 microM; noradrenaline, 300 microM; phenylephrine, 1 mM; and phentolamine, greater than 1 mM; N. forsteri,--propranolol, 25 nM; isoprenaline, 1 microM; adrenaline, 20 microM; phenylephrine, 35 microM; noradrenaline, 600 microM; and phentolamine, 400 microM. These findings suggest that alpha-adrenergic receptors are not present in hepatic plasma membrane preparations from these three species and that the hepatic actions of catecholamines are mediated via beta-adrenergic receptors. The order of binding of the beta-adrenergic ligands suggests that the receptors are of the beta 2 type.

  20. Brain catecholamines in spontaneously hypertensive and DOCA-salt hypertensive rats.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fujino,Kazuyuki

    1984-08-01

    Full Text Available The concentrations and alpha-methyl-p-tyrosine (alpha-MPT induced disappearance of catecholamines, adrenaline, noradrenaline and dopamine, were measured in selected areas of the brainstem and hypothalamus of spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR and deoxycorticosterone acetate (DOCA-salt hypertensive rats. The catecholamine levels were measured by a sensitive radioenzymatic assay method combined with microdissection of the rat brain. The adrenaline concentration was higher in the area A1 of young SHR, but not in adult SHR, than in age-matched control rats. Noradrenaline concentrations and the alpha-MPT induced noradrenaline disappearance were less in the rostral part of the nucleus tractus solitarii (NTS and the nucleus hypothalamic anterior of young SHR, and in the rostral part of the NTS of adult SHR. On the other hand in DOCA-salt hypertensive rats, the concentrations of adrenaline and noradrenaline were the same as in control rats in the examined areas. The alpha-MPT induced noradrenaline disappearance was less in the rostral part of the NTS of DOCA-salt hypertensive rats. Dopamine concentrations and the alpha-MPT induced dopamine disappearance were the same in the examined areas of SHR and DOCA-salt hypertensive rats. The results suggest that SHR have a change in adrenergic neural activity in the brainstem and a decrease in noradrenergic neural activity in the brainstem and hypothalamus while DOCA-salt hypertensive rats have a decrease in noradrenergic neural activity in the brainstem. Such changes in brain catecholaminergic neurons may have played an important role in the development of hypertension in these rats.

  1. Sympathoadrenal activation and endothelial damage are inter correlated and predict increased mortality in patients resuscitated after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest. a post Hoc sub-study of patients from the TTM-trial.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pär I Johansson

    Full Text Available Sympathoadrenal activation and endothelial damage are hallmarks of acute critical illness. This study investigated their association and predictive value in patients resuscitated from out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA.Post-hoc analysis of patients included at a single site in The Targeted Temperature Management at 33 degrees versus 36 degrees after Cardiac Arrest (TTM trial. The main study reported similar outcomes with targeting 33 versus 36 degrees. TTM main study ClinicalTrials.gov: NCT01020916. One hundred sixty three patients resuscitated from OHCA were included at a single site ICU. Blood was sampled a median 135 min (Inter Quartile Range (IQR 103-169 after OHCA. Plasma catecholamines (adrenaline, noradrenaline and serum endothelial biomarkers (syndecan-1, thrombomodulin, sE-selectin, sVE-cadherin were measured at admission (immediately after randomization. We had access to data on demography, medical history, characteristics of the OHCA, patients and 180-day outcome.Adrenaline and noradrenaline correlated positively with syndecan-1 and thrombomodulin i.e., biomarkers reflecting endothelial damage (both p<0.05. Overall 180-day mortality was 35%. By Cox analyses, plasma adrenaline, serum sE-selectin, reflecting endothelial cell activation, and thrombomodulin levels predicted mortality. However, thrombomodulin was the only biomarker independently associated with mortality after adjusting for gender, age, rhythm (shockable vs. non-shockable, OHCA to return of spontaneous circulation (ROSC time, shock at admission and ST elevation myocardial infarction (30-day Hazards Ratio 1.71 (IQR 1.05-2.77, p=0.031 and 180-day Hazards Ratio 1.65 (IQR 1.03-2.65, p=0.037 for 2-fold higher thrombomodulin levels.Circulating catecholamines and endothelial damage were intercorrelated and predicted increased mortality. Interventions aiming at protecting and/or restoring the endothelium may be beneficial in OHCA patients.

  2. Assessment of serum catecholamine concentrations in patients with pheochromocytoma undergoing videolaparoscopic adrenalectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos F. Rocha

    2005-08-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: We analyzed the changes in serum catecholamine concentrations, i.e. adrenaline and noradrenaline, in response to surgical stress in patients with pheochromocytoma who undergone videolaparoscopic adrenalectomy. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between January 1998 and March 2002, 11 patients underwent 12 videolaparoscopic adrenalectomies. In one case, the adrenalectomy was bilateral. Serum catecholamines were measured at 6 surgical times: T0: control before induction; T1: following the induction, laryngoscopy and intubation sequence; T2: after installing the pneumoperitoneum; T3: during manipulation-exeresis of the pheochromocytoma; T4: following ablation of the pheochromocytoma; T5: in the recovery room following intervention when the patient was extubated and was hemodynamically stable. RESULTS: Mean concentrations of serum noradrenaline were significantly different when the T0 and T2 surgical times were compared (T0: 3161 pg/mL; T2: 40440 pg/mL; p < 0.01, T0 and T3 (T0: 3161 pg/mL; T3: 46021 pg/mL; p < 0.001, T1 and T3 (T1: 5531 pg/mL; T3: 46021 pg/mL; p < 0.01, T2 and T4 (T2: 40440 pg/mL; T4: 10773 pg/mL; p < 0.01 and T3 and T5 (T3: 46021 pg/mL; T5: 2549 pg/mL; p < 0.001. Mean concentrations of serum adrenaline were significantly different when the T0 and T3 surgical times were compared (T0: 738 pg/mL; T3: 27561 pg/mL; p < 0.01. CONCLUSION: The pneumoperitoneum significantly increases serum noradrenaline concentrations, manipulation of the adrenal gland significantly increases the serum concentrations of noradrenaline and adrenaline, and the pheochromocytoma ablation significantly decreases serum noradrenaline concentrations.

  3. Autonomic nervous system function in patients with functional abdominal pain. An experimental study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, L S; Christiansen, P; Raundahl, U;

    1993-01-01

    cortisol measurements were included, to assess the pituitary-adrenocortical axis. Heart rate, systolic blood pressure, and plasma adrenaline increased significantly in all groups in response to a stress test (mental arithmetic). Plasma noradrenaline increased in the DU patients only, and plasma ACTH...... and serum cortisol did not increase at all in any of the groups. As a measure of parasympathetic neural activity, independent of sympathetic neural activity, the beat-to-beat variation of the heart rate was calculated. The functional patients had a significantly higher beat-to-beat variation expressed...

  4. Scandinavian Clinical Practice Guidelines on the diagnosis, management and follow-up of anaphylaxis during anaesthesia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kroigaard, M; Garvey, L H; Gillberg, L;

    2007-01-01

    titration of adrenaline (epinephrine) and fluid therapy as first-line treatment. Recommendations for primary and secondary follow-up are given, bearing in mind that there are variations in geography and resources in the different countries. A list of National Centres from which anaesthesiologists can seek....... It is hoped that increased focus on the subject will lead to prompt diagnosis, rapid and correct treatment, and standardised management of patients with anaphylactic reactions during anaesthesia across Scandinavia. The recommendations are based on the best available evidence in the literature, which, owing...

  5. Drug: D07837 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D07837 Drug Dihydroergotamine (INN); Neomigran (TN) C33H37N5O5 583.2795 583.6774 D0...TIONS N02CA Ergot alkaloids N02CA01 Dihydroergotamine D07837 Dihydroergotamine (INN) USP drug classification... [BR:br08302] Antimigraine Agents Ergot Alkaloids Dihydroergotamine D07837 Dihydroergota...mily Adrenaline alpha1-adrenergic receptor [HSA:146 147 148] [KO:K04137 K04136 K04135] Dihydroergotamine [AT...C:N02CA01] D07837 Dihydroergotamine (INN) Dopamine dopamine D2-receptor [HSA:1813] [KO:K04145] Dihydroergota

  6. Induction of larval metamorphosis in the sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus by neurotransmitters

    OpenAIRE

    Matsuura, Hiroshi; Yazaki, Ikuko; Okino, Tatsufumi

    2009-01-01

    Larval metamorphosis inducers of the sea cucumber Apostichopus japonicus were screened from physiologically active compounds. Doliolaria larvae completed their metamorphosis to juveniles in 120 hours when treated with 5-10 μM of dopamine and L-DOPA, and 50 μM of L-adrenaline and L-noradrenaline. Doliolaria larvae had to be exposed to dopamine or L-DOPA for at least 24 h. D1-like dopamine receptor antagonists SKF87566 and LE300 (10 μM) inhibited metamorphosis by dopamine. However, the D2-like ...

  7. Involvement of Signaling Molecules on Na+/H+ Exchanger-1 Activity in Human Monocytes

    OpenAIRE

    Sarigianni, Maria; Tsapas, Apostolos; Mikhailidis, Dimitri P; Kaloyianni, Martha; Koliakos, George; Paletas, Konstantinos

    2010-01-01

    Background: Sodium/hydrogen exchanger-1 (NHE-1) contributes to maintaining intracellular pH (pHi). We assessed the effect of glucose, insulin, leptin and adrenaline on NHE-1 activity in human monocytes in vitro. These cells play a role in atherogenesis and disturbances in the hormones evaluated are associated with obesity and diabetes. Methods and Results: Monocytes were isolated from 16 healthy obese and 10 lean healthy subjects. NHE-1 activity was estimated by measuring pHi with a fluoresce...

  8. Sub-Tenon's local anaesthesia: the effect of hyaluronidase

    OpenAIRE

    Rowley, S.; Hale, J; Finlay, R.

    2000-01-01

    AIMS—A prospective, randomised, double blind study was used to investigate the effect of hyaluronidase on the quality of block achieved with sub-Tenon's local anaesthesia.
METHODS—150 patients scheduled for elective cataract surgery were randomly allocated to either sub-Tenon's block with 3 ml lignocaine 2%/adrenaline 1:200 000 alone or with the addition of 30 IU/ml of hyaluronidase. The blocks were assessed for degree of akinesia and reduction of eyelid movement, and also post-injection and ...

  9. Readiness for surgery after axillary block

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Koscielniak-Nielsen, Z J; Stens-Pedersen, H L; Lippert, F K

    1997-01-01

    We have assessed prospectively the time to readiness for surgery following axillary block (sum of block performance and latency times) in 80 patients. The brachial plexus was identified using a nerve stimulator, and anaesthetized with 45 mL of mepivacaine 1% with adrenaline 5 micrograms mL-1....... In group 1 (single injection) the whole volume of mepivacaine was injected after locating only one of the plexus nerves. In group 2 (multiple injections) at least three plexus nerves were located, and the volume of mepivacaine was divided between them. Sensory block was assessed by a blinded observer every...

  10. [Laryngitis in childhood].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korppi, Matti; Tapiainen, Terhi

    2015-01-01

    The most common causative agents of laryngitis are parainfluenza viruses. The diagnosis of laryngitis in children is a clinical one, typical symptoms including dry, often barking cough and inspiratory difficulty and wheezing. Typical age of occurrence is 0.5 to 3 years. In children under one year of age the structural and functional anomalies causing symptoms resembling laryngitis in connection with an infection should not be disregarded. Most patients can be nursed at home. An orally administered glucocorticoid and inhaled racemic adrenalin are effective drugs in emergency service.

  11. [Adaptation reactions of rat blood exposed to low intensity electromagnetic radiation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krylov, V N; Deriugina, A V

    2010-06-01

    It is carried out research of action low-intensive electromagnetic radiations--low-intensive laser radiation and radiations of the highest frequency on normal animals and at modelling the stress-reaction, caused by introduction of adrenaline. Absence of effects of system of blood is noted at action low-intensive electromagnetic radiations on normal an organism and them correction action on alteration an organism, shown in restoration of the broken parameters--leukocyte the blood count, electrophoretic mobility of erythrocytes and phospholipide's structure of their membranes.

  12. Drug: D06374 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D06374 Drug Zinterol hydrochloride (USAN) C19H26N2O4S. HCl 414.138 414.9467 D06374....gif Bronchodilator [DS:H00079] beta2-adrenergic receptor partial agonist [HSA:154] [KO:K04142] hsa04020(154)... Calcium signaling pathway hsa04080(154) Neuroactive ligand-receptor interaction hsa04144(154) Endocytosis hsa04261(154) Adr...ion Target-based classification of drugs [BR:br08310] G Protein-coupled receptors Rhodopsin family Adrenaline beta2-adr...energic receptor [HSA:154] [KO:K04142] Zinterol D06374 Zinterol hydrochloride (USAN) CAS: 38241-2

  13. Plasma volume changes during hypoglycaemia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hilsted, J; Frandsen, Henrik Lund; Christensen, N J;

    1991-01-01

    -induced hypoglycaemia with total autonomic blockade (alpha-adrenoceptor blockade combined with beta-adrenoceptor blockade and atropine); and insulin-induced hypoglycaemia without any autonomic blockade. In the experiments without autonomic blockade the peripheral venous hematocrit increased, plasma volume decreased......, intravascular albumin content decreased and the transcapillary escape rate of albumin increased. In both experiments with autonomic blockade the increase in venous haematocrit was abolished, yet plasma volume decreased, intravascular albumin content decreased and the transcapillary escape rate of albumin...... increased in these experiments. Thus, the changes in plasma volume and composition in response to hypoglycaemia are due to the combined actions of adrenaline and of insulin....

  14. Do we really need to panic in all acute vision loss in ICU? Acute angle-closure glaucoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akal, Ali; Kucuk, Ahmet; Yalcin, Funda; Yalcin, Saban

    2014-08-01

    Acute angle closure glaucoma is a sight-threatening situation characterized by a sudden and marked rise in intraocular pressure (IOP) due to obstruction of aqueous humour outflow. Many local (ocular drops, nasal and nebulized agents) and systemic drugs (e.g. atropine, adrenaline, ephedrine, some psychoactive and antiepileptic drugs) that are widely used in intensive care units have the potential to precipitate such an acute attack. In this case report, we describe progressive visual loss due to acute angle-closure glaucoma (AACG) in a 59 year old female patient followed in the ICU due to a massive pulmonary embolism. PMID:25252529

  15. Thermogenic Effect of Glucose in Hypothyroid Subjects

    OpenAIRE

    Agnieszka Kozacz; Paulina Grunt; Marta Steczkowska; Tomasz Mikulski; Jan Dąbrowski; Monika Górecka; Urszula Sanocka; Andrzej Wojciech Ziemba

    2014-01-01

    The importance of thyroid hormone, catecholamines, and insulin in modification of the thermogenic effect of glucose (TEG) was examined in 34 healthy and 32 hypothyroid subjects. We calculated the energy expenditure at rest and during oral glucose tolerance test. Blood samples for determinations of glucose, plasma insulin, adrenaline (A), and noradrenaline (NA) were collected. It was found that TEG was lower in hypothyroid than in control group (19.68 ± 3.90 versus 55.40 ± 7.32 kJ, resp., P < ...

  16. Neurotransmitters in the Gas Phase: La-Mb Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabezas, C.; Mata, S.; López, J. C.; Alonso, J. L.

    2011-06-01

    LA-MB-FTMW spectroscopy combines laser ablation with Fourier transform microwave spectroscopy in supersonic jets overcoming the problems of thermal decomposition associated with conventional heating methods. We present here the results on LA-MB-FTMW studies of some neurotransmitters. Six conformers of dopamine, four of adrenaline, five of noradrenaline and three conformers of serotonin have been characterized in the gas phase. The rotational and nuclear quadrupole coupling constants extracted from the analysis of the rotational spectrum are directly compared with those predicted by ab initio methods to achieve the conclusive identification of different conformers and the experimental characterization of the intramolecular forces at play which control conformational preferences.

  17. The economic contribution of whalewatching to regional economies: Perspectives from two National Marine Sanctuaries

    OpenAIRE

    Barr, Brad; Utech, Dan; Hoagland, Porter; Meeks, Andrew e.

    2000-01-01

    Whenever human beings have looked out on the sea, they have seen whales. First from the shore and later from ships when humanity entered the ocean realm as seafarers, we have responded to seeing these creatures with awe and wonder. Even when we hunted whales, a period well chronicled both in history and in literature, the sight of a whale brought an adrenaline rush that was not totally linked to potential economic gain. The first trips on boats specifically to watch, rather than hunt, w...

  18. Drug: D03177 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D03177 Drug Bunolol hydrochloride (USAN) C17H25NO3. HCl 327.1601 327.8462 D03177.gi...ly Adrenaline beta1-adrenergic receptor [HSA:153] [KO:K04141] Bunolol D03177 Buno...lol hydrochloride (USAN) beta2-adrenergic receptor [HSA:154] [KO:K04142] Bunolol D03177 Bunolol hydrochlorid...e (USAN) beta3-adrenergic receptor [HSA:155] [KO:K04143] Bunolol D03177 Bunolol hydrochloride (USAN) CAS: 31...969-05-8 PubChem: 17397331 LigandBox: D03177 ATOM 22 1 C8y C 15.5176 -12.4873 2 C

  19. Acute Uvulitis in Adults

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mohammad Z. Ansari; Shakeeb Khan

    2014-01-01

    Inflammation of Uvula occurs in isolation or along with supraglottitis. The annual incidence of supraglottitis is described as0.97 to 1.8 per 100,000. The author presents 15 cases of Uvulitis seen in a General hospital of the United Kindgom. Age group ofpatients was between 25-38 years, 9 males and 6 females. One patient developed Uvilitis following inhalation of cannabis and twofollowing the use of marijuana, three were diagnosed to be suffering with bacterial infection. All the patients were treated with steroidsand inhaled adrenaline. Those suffering with bacterial uvilitis required antibiotics.

  20. Assay for optical determination of biogenic amines using microtiterplates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nedeljko, Polona; Turel, Matejka; Lobnik, Aleksandra

    2013-05-01

    Direct determination of catecholamine noradreanaline (NOR) is presented using o-phthaldialdehyde (OPA) as an indicator reagent. The fluorescent assay in which OPA forms with NOR a fluorescent complex (OPA-NOR) can be monitored at neutral, physiological conditions (pH 7) and performed in microtiterplates. The determination of NOR is optimal in the concentration range from 4.0×10-7 to 1.0×10-5 M and limit of detection is 4.0×10-7 M. The OPA-NOR complex maximum intensity is reached within 5 minutes. Dopamine and adrenaline could not be determined using the same approach.

  1. Calcitonin gene-related peptide and adrenomedullin release in humans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hasbak, Philip; Lundby, Carsten; Olsen, Niels Vidiendal;

    2002-01-01

    Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) and adrenomedullin (AM) are potent vasorelaxant peptides. This study examined exercise-induced changes in CGRP and AM levels in 12 healthy sea level natives at sea level (SL) and subsequently after 24 h (HA1) and 5 days (HA5) in high altitude hypoxia (4559 m......). Plasma values of CGRP, AM, calcitonin, noradrenaline, adrenaline, lactate and heart rate were measured at rest and during maximal exercise (W(max)). On each study day, the dopamine D(2)-receptor antagonist, domperidone (30 mg; n=6), or no medication (n=6) was given 1 h before exercise. W(max) at SL, HA1...

  2. 局所麻酔薬の組織血流量への影響−家兎背部への皮下注射による皮膚血流量の変化−

    OpenAIRE

    大野, 忠男; 谷山, 貴一; 石田, 麻依子; 澁谷, 徹; Ohno, Tadao; Taniyama, Kiichi; Ishida, Maiko; Shibutani, Tohru

    2013-01-01

    We examined the influence of lidocaine, mepivacaine, ropivacaine , bupivacaine , and levobupivacaine on skin blood flow in rabbits using a laser Doppler blood flowmeter. New Zealand White rabbits were anesthetized with sodium thiopental. 0.2 ml of 0.125~ 2.0% lidocaine, 0.125~3.0% mepivacaine, 0.125~0.75% ropivacaine, 0.125~0.5% bupivacaine, 0.125~0.75% levobupivacaine, 2.0% lidocaine with adrenaline (A) (1/80,000), and 3.0% propitocaine with felypressin (0.03 IU) were injected subcutaneously...

  3. 碧兰麻在拔牙术中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽; 隋文

    2005-01-01

    @@ 碧兰麻(PRIMACAINE with adrenaline 1/100000)为一种口腔专用局部注射麻醉剂,主要成分为:4%盐酸阿替卡因及1:10万肾上腺素.笔者在临床工作中将其应用于拔牙术前麻醉,尤其是主观畏痛患者,收到了良好效果,总结如下:

  4. HONG KONG

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ponny

    2006-01-01

    <正>Adrenaline香港时尚聚会新焦点去年12月刚开幕的Adrenaline,已成为香港时尚人士的最新聚会热点。Adreraline坐落于跑马地黄泥涌道,楼高两层,共占地1600平方米,设计风格以简约为主。整间Adrenaline以Sports Bar的概念为主题,共划分多个不同区域,2号楼的一层别具个性,设有Popcorn

  5. Protein kinase A enhances lipopolysaccharide-induced IL-6, IL-8, and PGE2 production by human gingival fibroblasts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ara Toshiaki

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Objective Periodontal disease is accompanied by inflammation of the gingiva and destruction of periodontal tissues, leading to alveolar bone loss in severe clinical cases. Interleukin (IL-6, IL-8, and the chemical mediator prostaglandin E2 (PGE2 are known to play important roles in inflammatory responses and tissue degradation. Recently, we reported that the protein kinase A (PKA inhibitor H-89 suppresses lipopolysaccharide (LPS-induced IL-8 production by human gingival fibroblasts (HGFs. In the present study, the relevance of the PKA activity and two PKA-activating drugs, aminophylline and adrenaline, to LPS-induced inflammatory cytokines (IL-6 and IL-8 and PGE2 by HGFs were examined. Methods HGFs were treated with LPS from Porphyromonas gingivalis and H-89, the cAMP analog dibutyryl cyclic AMP (dbcAMP, aminophylline, or adrenaline. After 24 h, IL-6, IL-8, and PGE2 levels were evaluated by ELISA. Results H-89 did not affect LPS-induced IL-6 production, but suppressed IL-8 and PGE2 production. In contrast, dbcAMP significantly increased LPS-induced IL-6, IL-8, and PGE2 production. Up to 10 μg/ml of aminophylline did not affect LPS-induced IL-6, IL-8, or PGE2 production, but they were significantly increased at 100 μg/ml. Similarly, 0.01 μg/ml of adrenaline did not affect LPS-induced IL-6, IL-8, or PGE2 production, but they were significantly increased at concentrations of 0.1 and 1 μg/ml. In the absence of LPS, H-89, dbcAMP, aminophylline, and adrenaline had no relevance to IL-6, IL-8, or PGE2 production. Conclusion These results suggest that the PKA pathway, and also PKA-activating drugs, enhance LPS-induced IL-6, IL-8, and PGE2 production by HGFs. However, aminophylline may not have an effect on the production of these molecules at concentrations used in clinical settings (8 to 20 μg/ml in serum. These results suggest that aminophylline does not affect inflammatory responses in periodontal disease.

  6. 美国CES音响大展速报

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    记者陈; 弹弓杨

    2001-01-01

    @@ 记者陈的报导: ■WISDOM Adrenaline "Rush"(图1、2、3) 美国新进高级音箱厂家Wisdom这次在展会备受注目,其中一个原因是The Absolute Sound老总HP在几个月前的评论中称赞售价38000美元的Wisdom M-75是当今世上最靓声落地音箱之一.

  7. 信息动态

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Objective To study the hemodynamic influence of "Xueluofuxin " granula in acute blood stasis rats.Methods The rats were injected with adrenalin hydrochloride twice subcutaneously and socked in ice-water toestablish the blood stasia model. Blood were taken out from abdominal aorta and the whole viSC08ity, plasmavi8cosity ( PV) , hematokrit ( HCT) , and erythrocyte electrophoretic time were measured. Results "Xueluofuxin" granula can obviously decrease the whole blood viscosity, PV, HCT, and erythrocyte electrophoretic time.Conclusion "Xueluofuxin" granula has the effect of improving hemodynamic condition.

  8. Plasma pharmacological study on Da Huang Zhe Chong capsule on platelet aggregation of normal person

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Dong-sheng; CHEN Fang-ping; XIAO Chang-jiang; HE Shi-lin; FU Bin; LI Xin; CAO Xing-yu; CHEN Yan; XIE Qin-zhi

    2005-01-01

    Objective To develop a plasma pharmacological method evaluates the effect of Da Huang Zhe Chong capsule on platelet aggregation and its mechanism, which is a representative Traditional Chinese Medicine Patent Prescription Promoting blood circulation by removing blood stasis. Methods Platelets specimens from healthy volunteers made serum and plasma with medicine, while platelet PRP were separated, which were divided into 8groups,i.e. auto-serum, allo-serum, serum with Da Huang Zhe Chong capsule , serum with aspirin, auto-plasma, plasma with Da Huang Zhe Chong capsule, plasma with aspirin, every group added to serum and plasma to hatch. After ADP and adrenalin were added into the specimens and hatched, the effects of specimens on platelet aggregation were observed. Results After ADP adrenalin were added, all the serum groups did not present platelet aggregation,while all the plasma group presented platelet aggregation. P1, P5, Pmax, t and TM have no significant difference (P>0. 05) between auto-plasma group and allo-plasma group induced by ADP and adrenalin. P1, P5, t and Pmax have significant differences (P<0. 01) and TM decreased significantly (P<0. 05) comparing plasma group with Da Huang Zhe Chong capsule and plasma group of aspirin to allo-plasma group. P1, t and Pmax have significant difference (P<0.05), and P5 and TM are simulate comparing plasma group with Da Huang Zhe Chong capsule to plasma group of aspirin. P1, P5, t and Pmax have significant differences (P<0. 01), P1, TM have also significant(P<0. 05), comparing plasma group of Da Huang Zhe Chong capsule with plasma of aspirin to allo-plasma group induced by adrenalin. P1 ,P5 and Pmax have significant differences (P<0.05), and t and Pmax are simulate comparing plasma group with Da Huang Zhe Chong capsule with plasma group of aspirin. Conclusion The serum pharmacological study is inappropriate to study platelet aggregation in vitro. The plasma pharmacological study is inappropriate to study

  9. Comparison of the Two Modeling Methonds for Qi Stagnation and Blood Stasis%两种气滞血瘀证造模方法的比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王婷婷; 贾乘; 宁天一; 姜静; 程嘉艺

    2013-01-01

    To compare methods of rat modeling for Qi stagnation and blood stasis for serving the experimental of etiological factors and pathogenesis. Methods; Apply various stimulations such as noise, light, electricity, tail - clamping, icewater - bath,bondage and adrenaline injection to establish the rat mode. Adopt the pressure sensing technology of MOTO to detect hemorheology - related indicators, use the coagulation method to detect coagulation - related indicators. Results: In hemorheology, compared with the negative control group, the viscosity of whole blood of high, medium, low shear and plasma viscosity increased in the multi - factor stimulation group (P < 0. 05). The viscosity of whole blood of high shear and plasma viscosity increased in the adrenaline injection group (P <0. 05). The fibrinogen content in blood coagulation indicated significant increase in both group(P <0. 05). Conclusion; Both multi -factor stimulation and adrenaline injection can lead to blood stasis. Adrenaline injection method can be convenient and easy. Multi - factor stimulation group relatively conform the theory of etiology and pathogenesis.%目的:比较两种大鼠气滞血瘀证模型的建立方法,为研究气滞血瘀病因病机提供实验基础.方法:分别采用声光电、夹尾、束缚、冰水浴多种刺激联合应用及肾上腺素注射的方法造模.采用MOTO压力传感技术检测血液流变学相关指标,采用凝固法检测凝血四项相关指标.结果:与空白对照组相比,多因素刺激组大鼠血液流变学指标中全血高、中、低切粘度与血浆黏度均显著升高(P<0.05),肾上腺素组大鼠全血高切粘度与血浆黏度显著升高(P<0.05);两组大鼠凝血四项指标中纤维蛋白原含量均显著升高(P<0.01).结论:多因素刺激与肾上腺素注射法均能导致动物出现血瘀状态,肾上腺素注射法方便易行,多因素刺激组较符合中医病因病机理论.

  10. Effect of chromium enriched fermentation product of barley and brewer’s yeast and its combination with rosiglitazone on experimentally induced hyperglycaemia in mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cekić Vlada

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. In the recent years, herbal preparations have been more used to treat diabetes. Dietetic supplement based on barley and beer yeast enriched with chromium (BBCr is registered in Serbia as a supplement in the treatment of type 2 diabetes. Objective. To investigate the effect of the preparation based on barley and brewer’s yeast with chromium (BBCr, rosiglitazone (R and their combination (BBCr+R on fasting glycaemia and glycaemia in mice after glucose, adrenalin and alloxan application. Methods. The animals were divided into three groups: glucose 500 mg/kg (I; adrenalin 0.2 mg/kg (II; and alloxan 100 mg/kg (III and into subgroups according to the substance they received (BBCr: 750 mg/kg, R: 0.75 mg/kg and BBCr+R. Each animal was its own control in respect of glycaemia before and after the treatment with test substances, except for group III which contained a placebo subgroup. Results. BBCr caused a significant decrease of fasting glycaemia and significant reduction of glycaemia after glucose load compared to the values before treatment (7.4±0.6 mmol/l vs 9.2±0.6 mmol/l; p=0.01. R and BBCr+R significantly decreased glycaemia after adrenalin load (R: 8.6±1.8 mmol/l vs 15.4±3.2 mmol/l; p=0.004; BBCr+R: 9.6±2.4 mmol/l vs 15.0±4.4 mmol/l; p=0.04. After alloxan application the glycaemia was significantly lower in the subgroups treated with BBCr, R and BBCr+R compared to placebo subgroup (10.1±8.0 mmol/l vs 6.8±2.7 mmol/l vs 13.5±9.7 mmol/l vs 24.5±4.7 mmol/l; p=0.001. Conclusion. Pretreatment with BBCr caused a significant reduction of fasting glycaemia and glycaemia after glucose load. Rosiglitazone and BBCr+R caused a significant reduction of glycaemia after adrenalin load. Pretreatment with BBCr, R and BBCr+R prevented the onset of experimental diabetes caused by alloxan, which was confirmed by histological analysis of pancreas tissue.

  11. Effect of. beta. -endorphin on catecholamine levels in rat hypothalamus and cerebral cortex

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Slavnov, V.N.; Valueva, G.V.; Markov, V.V.; Luchitskii, E.V.

    1986-10-01

    The authors studied the effect of beta-endorphin on catecholamine concentrations in the hypothalmus and cerebral cortex in rats, as a contribution to the explanation of the mechanism of action of this peptide on certain pituitary trophic functions. Concentrations of dopamine, noradrenalin, and adrenalin were determined by a radioenzymatic method. A Mark 3 scintillation system was used for radiometric investigation of the samples. The results of these experiments indicate that beta-endorphin has a marked effect on brain catecholamine levels mainly in the hypothalamus.

  12. ANALYSE QUANTITATIVE PAR FLUORESCENCE DE VITAMINE E DANS LES FORMULES PHARMACEUTIQUES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru Stoica

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Many applications of this technique are encountered in the determination of organic compounds or molecules of biological importance, such as thiamin, riboflavin, adrenalin, cholesterol, paraffins or certain medications and drugs. Fluorimetric determinations are sensitive and selective and could determine the concentrations up to 10-10 g•mL-1, which corresponds to a sensitivity of 100 - 1000 times higher than most methods based on molecular absorption.This paper has developed two methods for spectrofluorimetric determination of vitamin E in pharmaceutical formulations (soft gelatin capsules of vitamin E and serum.

  13. CHANGES OF ZINC CONTAMINATION IN HIPPOCAMPUS CELLS OF ADRENALECTOMIZED RATS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bondaruyk О.А.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Adrenalectomy causes the decline of zinc maintenance in the neurons of hippocampus and B cells of pancreas that has been observed in experiments on rats. The loss of zinc of these cells has been partly compensated by the injection of adrenalin and prednizolon to the adrenalectomized animals. The increase of zinc maintenance in these cells has been caused by the sharp-stress process due to the simultaneous physical activity and immobilization. The given data prove the participation of adrenal glands in the mechanism of zinc exchanges regulation in central (hippocampus and peripheral (cells B of pancreas zinc-containing organs of animals.

  14. Lungeødem efter kontrastindgift som led i koronarangiografi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Plambech, Morten; Garvey, Lene Heise

    2012-01-01

    Adverse reactions to radiographic contrast media are relatively rare and occur with a frequency of 0.02-0.04%. We describe a case of isolated pulmonary oedema after computed tomography of the coronary arteries in a 51 year-old man. Initially anaphylaxis was suspected, but due to the clinical pict...... picture together with lack of response to treatment with adrenaline and lack of increase in the serum tryptase concentration an IgE mediated mechanism was less likely. The patient responded to non-invasive ventilation over three days. The mechanism behind the reaction is unknown....

  15. Ošetřovatelská péče u klientů po zlomenině distálního femuru

    OpenAIRE

    VOPÁLKOVÁ, Milena

    2013-01-01

    The name of this Bachelors thesis is "Nursery Care of Patients with Fractured Distal Femur". With view to the lengthening of the populations age, increasing popularity of adrenalin sports and development of traffic we can expect an increasing number of this serious type of injury, and therefore it is time to address the issues of nursery care of the clients with this type of fracture. Fracture of the distal part of femur often happens suddenly and unexpectedly and the client has to deal with ...

  16. Effect of spirapril and hydrochlorothiazide on platelet function and euglobulin clot lysis time in patients with mild hypertension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fonitz, Gitte (Gleerup); Petersen, J R; Mehlsen, J;

    1996-01-01

    threshold for adenosine diphosphate (ADP) aggregation also rose, from 2 microM to 4 (NS). The resting plasma PF4 value fell, although not significantly, during HCT2 treatment from the placebo value of 3.28 to 2.56 ng/mL. During spirapril treatment there was no change in the threshold of either adrenaline or...... not produce any unwanted side effect on platelet function or fibrinolysis. HCT2 seems to decrease platelet activity at rest, whereas spirapril seems to some extent to decrease platelet activity at exercise....

  17. Articaine and lidocaine for maxillary infiltration anesthesia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vähätalo, K.; Antila, H.; Lehtinen, R.

    1993-01-01

    This study was undertaken to compare the anesthetic properties of articaine hydrochloride with 1:200,000 epinephrine (Ultracain DS) and lidocaine with 1:80,000 epinephrine (Xylocain-Adrenalin) for maxillary infiltration anesthesia. Twenty healthy dental student volunteers were included in this double-blind study. Each subject received 0.6 mL of each test solution at different times. Infiltration anesthesia was performed on the upper lateral incisor. The onset and duration of anesthesia were monitored using an electric pulp tester. No statistically significant differences were seen in the onset and duration of anesthesia between the articaine and lidocaine solutions. PMID:7943919

  18. The management of anaphylaxis in childhood

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muraro, A; Roberts, G; Clark, A;

    2007-01-01

    , involving school staff, healthcare professionals and patients' organizations. Absolute indications for prescribing self-injectable adrenaline are prior cardiorespiratory reactions, exercise-induced anaphylaxis, idiopathic anaphylaxis and persistent asthma with food allergy. Relative indications include...... peanut or tree nut allergy, reactions to small quantities of a given food, food allergy in teenagers and living far away from a medical facility. The creation of national and European databases is expected to generate better-quality data and help develop a stepwise approach for a better management...

  19. Trauma Induced Coagulopathy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Genét, Gustav Folmer; Johansson, Per; Meyer, Martin Abild Stengaard;

    2013-01-01

    It remains debated whether traumatic brain injury (TBI) induces a different coagulopathy compared to non-TBI. This study investigated traditional coagulation tests, biomarkers of coagulopathy and endothelial damage in trauma patients with and without TBI. Blood from 80 adult trauma patients were...... sampled (median of 68 min (IQR 48-88) post-injury) upon admission to our trauma centre. Plasma/serum were retrospectively analysed for biomarkers reflecting sympathoadrenal activation (adrenaline, noradrenaline), coagulation activation/inhibition and fibrinolysis (protein C, activated protein C, tissue...

  20. Drug: D05648 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D05648 Drug Pseudoephedrine polistirex (USAN); Pseudo-12 (TN) Nasal decongestant AT...SYSTEMIC USE R01BA Sympathomimetics R01BA02 Pseudoephedrine D05648 Pseudoephedrine...family Adrenaline alpha1-adrenergic receptor [HSA:146 147 148] [KO:K04137 K04136 K04135] Pseudoephedrine [ATC:R01BA02] D05648 Pseudoe...phedrine polistirex (USAN) alpha2-adrenergic receptor [HSA:150 151 152] [KO:K04138 K04139 K04140] Pseudoephe...drine [ATC:R01BA02] D05648 Pseudoephedrine polistirex (U

  1. Asystole Following Profound Vagal Stimulation During Hepatectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Preeta John

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Asystole in a non laparoscopic upper abdominal surgery following intense vagal stimulation is a rare event. This case report highlights the need for awareness of such a complication when a thoracic epidural anaesthetic has been given in addition to a general anaesthetic for an upper abdominal procedure. A combined thoracic epidural and general anaesthetic was given. The anterior abdominal wall was retracted forty minutes after administration of the epidural bolus. This maneuver resulted in a profound vagal response with bradycardia and asystole. The patient was resuscitated successfully with a cardiac massage, atropine and adrenaline and the surgery was resumed. Surgery lasted eleven hours and was uneventful.

  2. Autonomic response to an experimental psychological stressor in healthy subjects: measurement of sympathetic, parasympathetic, and pituitary-adrenal parameters: test-retest reliability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, L S; Christiansen, P; Raundahl, U;

    1990-01-01

    A mental arithmetic test (the stressor; 15 min) significantly increased systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate and plasma adrenaline by 11%, 12%, 28% and 152% respectively, with a prompt return to resting values after the test. Plasma noradrenaline and serum cortisol did not increase...... of the stressor. As a measure of parasympathetic nervous function, the beat-to-beat variation of heart rate, expressed as the mean successive square difference (MSSD), was employed. Four to 14 months later, the investigation was repeated, and resting values of all measures were found to be stable. The increments...

  3. Drug: D01444 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D01444 Drug Bunitrolol hydrochloride (JAN); Betrilol (TN) C14H20N2O2. HCl 284.1292 284.7817 D0144...dopsin family Adrenaline alpha1-adrenergic receptor [HSA:146 147 148] [KO:K04137 K04136 K04135] Bunitrolol D0144...4 Bunitrolol hydrochloride (JAN) beta1-adrenergic receptor [HSA:153] [KO:K04141] Bunitrolol D0144...4 Bunitrolol hydrochloride (JAN) beta2-adrenergic receptor [HSA:154] [KO:K04142] Bunitrolol D0144...4 Bunitrolol hydrochloride (JAN) beta3-adrenergic receptor [HSA:155] [KO:K04143] Bunitrolol D01444

  4. [The state of sympathetic-adrenal system in patients with chronic cardiac insufficiency].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nigmatullin, R R; Kirillova, V V; Dzhordzhikiia, R K; Kudrin, V S; Klodt, P M

    2009-01-01

    Activation of sympato-adrenal system plays an important role in the development of chronic cardiac failure (CCF). However, its relation to morpho-functional state of myocardium in CCF patients is virtually unknown. HPLC with electrochemical detection was used to determine plasma noradrenalin, adrenalin, and their precursors, 3,4-dioxyphenylalanine (DOPA) and dopamine, in patients with different morpho-functional changes in myocardium. The study demonstrated enhanced activity of sympato-adrenal system in patients with CCF. It showed for the first time that activity of sympato-adrenal system in CCF patients depends on the morpho-functional status of myocardium.

  5. Catecholamines and diabetic autonomic neuropathy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hilsted, J

    1995-01-01

    In diabetic patients with autonomic neuropathy plasma noradrenaline concentration, used as an index of sympathetic nervous activity, is low. This decrease is, however, only found in patients with a long duration of diabetes with clinically severe autonomic neuropathy. This apparent insensitivity...... of plasma catecholamine measurements is not due to changes in the clearance of catecholamines in diabetic autonomic neuropathy. The physiological responses to infused adrenaline and to noradrenaline are enhanced, for noradrenaline mainly cardiovascular responses. Adrenoceptors (alpha and beta adrenoceptors......) are not altered in circulating blood cells in diabetic autonomic neuropathy. Thus, a generalized up-regulation of adrenoceptors does not occur in diabetic autonomic neuropathy....

  6. Hormone regulation system and cyclic nucleotids in the Chernobyl accident liquidators with doses absorbed less then 1 Gy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    During 6 years after the accident (1987-1992) a functional state of endocrine system that regulate the adaptation, reproduction, metabolism, vessels tonicity and water-electrolyte balance were investigated in 249 liquidators with doses absorbed less then 1 Gy. The changes of these systems activity in state of basal secretion and peculiarities of their reactions under influence of perturbation (adrenaline, insulin) were revealed. Post-irradiation endocrinopathy was characterized and its role in decrease of the organism's adaptation and in mechanism of sanogenesis and pathogenesis was found. (author)

  7. Drug: D00432 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D00432 Drug Nadolol (JP16/USP/INN); Corgard (TN) C17H27NO4 309.194 309.4006 D00432....lar agents 212 Antiarrhythmic agents 2123 Beta blockers D00432 Nadolol (JP16/USP/INN) Anatomical Therapeutic...ING AGENTS C07AA Beta blocking agents, non-selective C07AA12 Nadolol D00432 Nadol...ol (JP16/USP/INN) USP drug classification [BR:br08302] Cardiovascular Agents Beta-adrenergic Blocking Agents Nadolol D00432...eceptors Rhodopsin family Adrenaline beta1-adrenergic receptor [HSA:153] [KO:K04141] Nadolol [ATC:C07AA12] D00432

  8. Inhibition of human platelet aggregation by dihydropyrano- and dihydrofuranocoumarins, a new class of cAMP-phosphodiesterase inhibitors

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thastrup, Ole; Knudsen, J B; Lemmich, J;

    1985-01-01

    Certain esters of dihydropyranocoumarin and dihydrofuranocoumarin alcohols have previously been shown to inhibit the cAMP-phosphodiesterase from bovine heart. We now report that these naturally occurring coumarins inhibit the high affinity (Km = 1.1 microM) cAMP-phosphodiesterase from human...... platelets with activities that closely correlate with those obtained using phosphodiesterase from bovine heart tissue. Additionally the coumarins inhibit the aggregation of human platelets induced with ADP, adrenaline and collagen with activities comparable to those of dipyridamole. A lack of significant...

  9. BIOCHEMICAL INDICATORS OF PIGS BLOOD OF SPECIALIZED TYPES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lodyanov V. V.

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The research was conducted at the pure-bred pigs CT and hybrid juveniles CT x L Total protein blood serum was determined refractometrically, protein fraction - a method of horizontal electrophoresis on paper, the level of total lipids - B. Swahn, I. Scand. Researched transaminases (AST and ALT method of Reitman-Frenkel, alkaline phosphatase - method O.A. Bessey e.a., creatine kinase - S.S. Kuby. Cortisol levels was determined by radioimmunoassay analysis, adrenaline - fluorometric method. Phagocytic activity was installed by Ms. V. Matusevich, bactericidal activity - by the method of Overmoney, T.A. Kuzmina

  10. Interleukin-6 stimulates lipolysis and fat oxidation in humans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    van Hall, Gerrit; Steensberg, Adam; Sacchetti, Massimo;

    2003-01-01

    h postinfusion. Triacylglycerol concentrations were unchanged during rhIL-6 infusion, whereas whole body fat oxidation increased after the second hour of rhIL-6 infusion. Of note, during Low-rhIL6, the induced elevation in FA concentration and FA R(a) occurred in the absence of any change...... in adrenaline, insulin, or glucagon, and no adverse side effects were observed. In conclusion, the data identify IL-6 as a potent modulator of fat metabolism in humans, increasing fat oxidation and FA reesterification without causing hypertriacylglyceridemia....

  11. Interleukin-6 stimulates lipolysis and fat oxidation in humans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    van Hall, Gerrit; Steensberg, Adam; Sacchetti, Massimo;

    2003-01-01

    h postinfusion. Triacylglycerol concentrations were unchanged during rhIL-6 infusion, whereas whole body fat oxidation increased after the second hour of rhIL-6 infusion. Of note, during Low-rhIL6, the induced elevation in FA concentration and FA R(a) occurred in the absence of any change...... in adrenaline, insulin, or glucagon, and no adverse side effects were observed. In conclusion, the data identify IL-6 as a potent modulator of fat metabolism in humans, increasing fat oxidation and FA reesterification without causing hypertriacylglyceridemia. Comment in...

  12. Drug: D02981 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D02981 Drug Arformoterol tartrate (USAN); Brovana (TN) C19H24N2O4. C4H6O6 494.19 49...ug classification [BR:br08302] Respiratory Tract/Pulmonary Agents Bronchodilators, Sympathomimetic Arformoterol D02981 Arformoterol...br08310] G Protein-coupled receptors Rhodopsin family Adrenaline beta2-adrenergic receptor [HSA:154] [KO:K04142] Arformoterol... D02981 Arformoterol tartrate (USAN) CAS: 200815-49-2 PubChem: 17397137 LigandBox: D02981 N

  13. The diagnosis and treatment of non-occlusive gut ischaemia. Aktueller Stand der Diagnostik und Therapie der nicht-okklusiven Darmischaemie (NOD)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schindler, G.; Bruch, H.P. (Wuerzburg Univ. (Germany). Abt. fuer Roentgendiagnostik Wuerzburg Univ. (Germany). Chirurgische Universitaetsklinik)

    1991-08-01

    Non-occlusive gut ischaemia is a disease of advanced age. Its causes are reduced cardiac output or shock, facilitated by digitalis, adrenaline, ergotamine and diuretics. The persisting microcirculation and development of gut necrois leads to an increase in certain serum enzymes, such as lactate, LDH and CK-NB. The early application of mesenteric angiography using a DSA technique reveals four grades of under-perfusion. Early and correct diagnosis of the disease should lead to intra-arterial treatment with prostaglandin. In 10 out of 42 cases, conservative therapy led to re-perfusion of the gut. (orig.).

  14. Blood flow in skin, subcutaneous adipose tissue and skeletal muscle in the forearm of normal man during an oral glucose load

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bülow, J; Astrup, A; Christensen, N J;

    1987-01-01

    decreased to 4.5 +/- 0.34 mmol l-1 at the end of the experiment. In the control experiments glucose concentration was constant. Arterial noradrenaline concentration increased significantly from 1.0 +/- 0.13 to about 1.5 +/- 0.3 nmol l-1 120 min after glucose and remained at this level during the experiment....... Similarly adrenaline increased from 0.16 +/- 0.11 to about 0.4 +/- 0.16 nmol l-1 180 min after glucose. It is hypothesized that the vasodilating effect of glucose in subcutaneous tissue is secondary to metabolic events connected to glucose uptake and energy deposition in adipose tissue....

  15. Role of the sympathoadrenergic system in adipose tissue metabolism during exercise in humans

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stallknecht, Bente; Lorentsen, J; Enevoldsen, L H;

    2001-01-01

    lipolysis. In SCI subjects, the exercise-induced increase in subcutaneous adipose tissue lipolysis was not lower in decentralized than in sympathetically innervated adipose tissue. During exercise the interstitial noradrenaline and adrenaline concentrations were lower in SCI compared with healthy subjects...... clavicular (Cl) and in umbilical (Um) (sympathetically decentralized in SCI) subcutaneous adipose tissue during 1 h of arm cycling exercise at approximately 60 % of the peak rate of oxygen uptake. 3. During exercise, adipose tissue blood flow (ATBF) and interstitial glycerol, lactate and noradrenaline...

  16. Increased plasma noradrenaline concentration in patients with chronic obstructive lung disease: relation to haemodynamics and blood gases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henriksen, Jens Henrik Sahl; Christensen, N J; Kok-Jensen, A;

    1980-01-01

    . Plasma noradrenaline (NA) concentration averaged 0.51 ng/ml and was inversely correlated to arterial oxygen saturation and mixed venous oxygen saturation, and positively correlated to arterial carbon dioxide tension and mean pulmonary arterial pressure. Oxygen inhalation did not change plasma NA...... present. Plasma adrenaline concentration was normal. The results point to enhanced sympathetic nervous activity in patients with chronic obstructive lung disease, probably caused by the deranged blood gases. The pulmonary haemodynamic changes and increased pulse rate may, at least partly, be due to...

  17. Utjecaj noradrenalina i adrenalina na djelovanje lidokaina tijekom lokalne anestezije

    OpenAIRE

    Simonić, Ante; Atanacković, Dimitrije; Brkić, Neda

    1986-01-01

    Proučavan je intenzitet lokalno-anestetskog učinka, utjecaj na sistematski krvni tlak, učestalost kucanja srca, te nastajanje neželjenih subjektivnih i objektivnih smetnji u bolesnika kojima je u lokalnoj anesteziji izvađen zub. Uspoređivali smo djelovanje lidokaina, te lidokaina datog sa adrenalinom ili sa noradrenalinom. Adrenalin i noradrenalin povećavaju analgetsko djelovanje lidokaina, ne utječu značajno na puls, niti na visinu sistemskog krvnog tlaka, ali mogu uzrokovati nemir, glav...

  18. Accumulation and overflow of 3H following incubation of the guinea-pig gall bladder with [3H]-noradrenaline

    OpenAIRE

    Doggrell, Sheila A.; Vincent, Lynn

    1980-01-01

    1 Strips of guinea-pig gall bladder readily accumulate 3H following incubation in the presence of 5 × 10-8 M (-)-[3H]-noradrenaline. This accumulation was reduced by lowering the incubation temperature (from 37° to 23°C), by cocaine (10-6 M), by nortriptyline (10-8, 10-6 and 10-4 M) and following incubation of the tissues with 6-hydroxydopamine (10-3 M for 3 h). At 10-6 M, (-)-noradrenaline and (-)-adrenaline, but not (-)-isoprenaline, inhibited the accumulation of 3H.

  19. Delayed chemotherapy-induced nausea is augmented by high levels of endogenous noradrenaline.

    OpenAIRE

    Fredrikson, M; Hursti, T. J.; Steineck, G; Fürst, C. J.; Börjesson, S.; Peterson, C

    1994-01-01

    The relation between pretreatment night-time urinary catecholamine excretion and chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting was studied. The first cohort included 17 women and three men with various cancer forms receiving low or moderately emetogenic chemotherapy. The second cohort included 42 women receiving cisplatinum (50 mg m-2) for ovarian cancer and ondansetron as an antiemetic (8 mg i.v. x 3 at chemotherapy and 8 mg p.o. x 3 for 5 days). Relatively higher noradrenaline, but not adrenalin...

  20. Adrenoceptors mediating relaxation to catecholamines in rat isolated jejunum.

    OpenAIRE

    MacDonald, A.; Forbes, I. J.; Gallacher, D.; Heeps, G.; McLaughlin, D. P.

    1994-01-01

    1. The characteristics of adrenoceptors mediating relaxation to catecholamines in rat isolated jejunum were investigated. 2. Catecholamines and BRL 37344 produced relaxation of the KCl-contracted strips with an order of potency of isoprenaline (1.0) > BRL 37344 (0.63) > noradrenaline (0.1) > adrenaline (0.04). 3. In the presence of both prazosin (1 microM) and propranolol (1 microM) only small dextral shifts of the concentration-response curves to agonists were observed and an order of potenc...

  1. Alpha 2-adrenoceptor-mediated contractile response to catecholamines in smooth muscle strips isolated from rainbow trout stomach (Salmo gairdneri).

    OpenAIRE

    Kitazawa, T.; Kondo, H.; Temma, K.

    1986-01-01

    The type of adrenoceptor involved in the contractile response to catecholamines in smooth muscle strips isolated from rainbow trout stomach was determined. Noradrenaline (10 nM-10 microM) and adrenaline (10 nM-3 microM) caused non-sustained contractions which were markedly decreased by phentolamine (5.4 microM) but not by carteolol (5 microM). Phenylephrine (1 microM-1 mM) was less effective in causing muscle contraction and methoxamine produced no contraction. Clonidine (100 nM-300 microM) c...

  2. Effects of an oral dose of isosorbide dinitrate on platelet function and fibrinolysis in healthy volunteers.

    OpenAIRE

    Wallén, N H; Larsson, P T; Bröijersén, A; Andersson, A; Hjemdahl, P

    1993-01-01

    1. A randomised double-blind placebo-controlled study was performed to investigate the effects of isosorbide dinitrate (ISDN; 20 mg orally) on various aspects of platelet function and fibrinolysis in vivo in 12 healthy volunteers. 2. Measurements were performed at rest (before and after tablet ingestion) and during platelet activation by adrenaline (0.4 nmol kg-1 min-1; 30 min infusion). 3. At rest, ISDN did not alter plasma concentrations of beta-thromboglobulin (beta TG). EC50 values for AD...

  3. The effects of dopexamine, a new dopamine analogue, on platelet function in stress.

    OpenAIRE

    Wagaine-Twabwe, D; Hendra, T. J.; SMITH, C. C.; Yudkin, J. S.

    1990-01-01

    1. Dopexamine is a novel analogue of dopamine which is free of alpha-adrenoceptor activity and is of therapeutic value in chronic heart failure. The effects of dopexamine on the in vitro function of platelets from 10 healthy subjects at rest, after exercise and after in vitro addition of adrenaline and noradrenaline were investigated. 2. Dopexamine in a wide range of concentrations (10(-9)M-10(-3)M) did not appear to function as an agonist on platelets either in whole blood or in PRP preparat...

  4. Characterization of a novel, hydrophilic dihydropyridine, NKY-722, as a Ca2+ antagonist in bovine cultured adrenal chromaffin cells.

    OpenAIRE

    Ohue, T.; Lee, K; Koshimura, K.; Miwa, S

    1991-01-01

    1. To characterize NKY-722, a novel hydrophilic dihydropyridine derivative, as a Ca2+ antagonist, we examined its effects on 45Ca2+ influx, intracellular free Ca2+ concentrations [( Ca2+]i), and release of noradrenaline and adrenaline in bovine cultured adrenal chromaffin cells. 2. NKY-722 had little effect on basal 45Ca2+ influx into the resting cells, but inhibited high K+ (35.9 mM)-evoked 45Ca2+ influx in a concentration-dependent manner with an IC50 value of 5.2 nM. 3. NKY-722 inhibited h...

  5. Sodium modulation of 3H-agonist and 3H-antagonist binding to alpha 2-adrenoceptor subtypes.

    OpenAIRE

    MacKinnon, A. C.; Spedding, M.; Brown, C. M.(University of Victoria, V8W 3P6, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada)

    1993-01-01

    1. The alpha 2-adrenoceptors on human platelets and neonatal rat lung were characterized with the agonist and antagonist ligands [3H]-adrenaline and [3H]-RS-15385-197 respectively. A correlation of affinities for 3H-antagonist binding showed the receptors to be of the alpha 2A-(platelet) and alpha 2B-(neonatal rat lung) adrenoceptor subtypes, whereas a correlation of affinities for 3H-agonist binding showed the receptors to have similar characteristics (r = 0.88). 2. NaCl (100 mM) had no effe...

  6. Influence of laser radiation on some integrative indications of sympathetic-adrenal system activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pronchenkova, G. F.; Chesnokova, N. P.

    2002-07-01

    One of the goals of this experimental research is elucidation of the influence of laser radiation on the functional state of the sympathetic-adrenal system of a microorganism, which to a large extent defines the intensity of an inflammatory reaction development, and in particular regeneration and repair process in the zone of post traumatic influence of infectious and non-infectious pathogen factors. We have also studied the alteration of adrenaline and noradrenaline content in the wound itself in the dynamics of regeneration.

  7. A comparison of hypoglycemic activity of three species of basidiomycetes rich in vanadium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, Chunchao; Liu, Tongjun

    2009-02-01

    The hypoglycemic activity of fermented mushroom of three fungi of basidiomycetes rich in vanadium was studied in this paper. Alloxan- and adrenalin-induced hyperglycemic mice were used in the study. The blood glucose and the sugar tolerance were determined. After the mice were administered (ig) with Coprinus comatus rich in vanadium, the blood glucose of alloxan-induced hyperglycemic mice decreased (p vanadium and Grifola frondosa rich in vanadium, the hypoglycemic effects of Coprinus comatus rich in vanadium on hyperglycemic animals are significant; it may be used as a hypoglycemic food or medicine for hyperglycemic people.

  8. Detection and classification of stress using thermal imaging technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hong, Kan; Yuen, Peter; Chen, Tong; Tsitiridis, Aristeidis; Kam, Firmin; Jackman, James; James, David; Richardson, Mark; Oxford, William; Piper, Jonathan; Thomas, Francis; Lightman, Stafford

    2009-09-01

    This paper reports how Electro-Optics (EO) technologies such as thermal and hyperspectral [1-3] imaging methods can be used for the detection of stress remotely. Emotional or physical stresses induce a surge of adrenaline in the blood stream under the command of the sympathetic nerve system, which, cannot be suppressed by training. The onset of this alleviated level of adrenaline triggers a number of physiological chain reactions in the body, such as dilation of pupil and an increased feed of blood to muscles etc. The capture of physiological responses, specifically the increase of blood volume to pupil, have been reported by Pavlidis's pioneer thermal imaging work [4-7] who has shown a remarkable increase of skin temperature in the periorbital region at the onset of stress. Our data has shown that other areas such as the forehead, neck and cheek also exhibit alleviated skin temperatures dependent on the types of stressors. Our result has also observed very similar thermal patterns due to physical exercising, to the one that induced by other physical stressors, apparently in contradiction to Pavlidis's work [8]. Furthermore, we have found patches of alleviated temperature regions in the forehead forming patterns characteristic to the types of stressors, dependent on whether they are physical or emotional in origin. These stress induced thermal patterns have been seen to be quite distinct to the one resulting from having high fever.

  9. The in vitro effect of aspirin on increased whole blood platelet aggregation in oral contraceptive users.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norris, L A; Bonnar, J

    1994-05-01

    The effects of triphasic oral contraceptives on whole blood platelet aggregation in 36 Italian women are reported here. Aspirin's effects on platelet aggregation were also studied. 18 women took a triphasic oral contraceptive; 10 women took Trinordiol, while 8 took Trinovum for at least 90 days. The remaining 18 women took nothing and served as controls. The study was aligned with each woman's birth control pill cycle. Blood was taken daily on days 15-21 of their cycle. Either saline solution or acetylsalicylic acid was added to the blood samples and compared. All data was statistically analyzed using unpaired student's t-test. Effects of 3 aggregating agents, ADP, PAF, and EDTA, on platelet aggregation were studied. Arachidonic acid and adrenalin bitartrate were also studied in this manner. An increase in platelet aggregation was observed in women taking oral contraceptives. No difference was found between patients taking Trinordiol and those taking Trinovum. The results of this study indicate an increase in whole blood platelet sensitivity to collagen, adrenalin, and arachidonic acid when using oral contraceptives. Aspirin, at low doses, may have a role in preventing early thrombus formation in women taking oral contraceptives. PMID:8042198

  10. Role of personal psychological profiles in somatic pathology development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prokhorenko I.O.

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The research goal is to examine the correlation between psychological profile of patients of senior age groups, levels of stress hormones — adrenaline and noradrenaline — in blood serum and their pathology character. A psychological profile of 247 patients aged from 55 to 82 years has been established with the help of Kettle test, Tsung self-assessment scale and Spilberger-Khanin scale. The rate of adrenaline and noradrenaline in blood serum in the period of exacerbation of somatic pathology and in the period of relative well-being has been estimated by means of immune-enzyme analysis method. The survey has identified three psychological profiles. The first and third groups are less resistant to stress factors psychological types. They are more likely to develop somatic pathology and depression (37,8 and 53,2% respectively, in comparison with patients of the second group (12,5%. The significant increase of catecholamines has been established among patients of the third type of psychological profile both in the period of exacerbation of somatic pathology and in the period of relative well-being. The article concludes that correlations between psychological personality characteristics, rate of catecholamines and structure of somatic pathology have been worked out

  11. Laser-induced lipolysis on adipose cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solarte, Efrain; Gutierrez, O.; Neira, Rodrigo; Arroyave, J.; Isaza, Carolina; Ramirez, Hugo; Rebolledo, Aldo F.; Criollo, Willian; Ortiz, C.

    2004-10-01

    Recently, a new liposuction technique, using a low-level laser (LLL) device and Ultrawet solution prior to the procedure, demonstrated the movement of fat from the inside to the outside of the adipocyte (Neira et al., 2002). To determine the mechanisms involved, we have performed Scanning and Transmission Electron Microscopy studies; Light transmittance measurements on adipocyte dilutions; and a study of laser light propagation in adipose tissue. This studies show: 1. Cellular membrane alterations. 2. LLL is capable to reach the deep adipose tissue layer, and 3. The tumescence solution enhances the light propagation by clearing the tissue. MRI studies demonstrated the appearance of fat on laser treated abdominal tissue. Besides, adipocytes were cultivated and irradiated to observe the effects on isolated cells. These last studies show: 1. 635 nm-laser alone is capable of mobilizing cholesterol from the cell membrane; this action is enhanced by the presence of adrenaline and lidocaine. 2. Intracellular fat is released from adipocytes by co joint action of adrenaline, aminophyline and 635 nm-laser. Results are consistent with a laser induced cellular process, which causes fat release from the adipocytes into the intercellular space, besides the modification of the cellular membranes.

  12. Aluminum-induced oxidative stress and neurotoxicity in grass carp (Cyprinidae--Ctenopharingodon idella).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández-Dávila, María Lourdes; Razo-Estrada, Amparo Celene; García-Medina, Sandra; Gómez-Oliván, Leobardo Manuel; Piñón-López, Manuel Jesús; Ibarra, Rocio Guzmán; Galar-Martínez, Marcela

    2012-02-01

    Aluminum is used in a large number of anthropogenic processes, leading to aquatic ecosystems pollution. Diverse studies show that in mammals this metal may produce oxidative stress, is neurotoxic, and is involved in the development of neurodegenerative disorders, such as Alzhaimer's and Parkinson's diseases. Nevertheless, there are only few studies with respect to Al-induced neurotoxicity on aquatic fauna, particularly on fishes of economical interest, such as the grass carp (Ctenopharingodon idella). This study evaluates Al-induced toxicity on the grass carp C. idella. Specimens were exposed to the maximum concentration allowed in order to protect aquatic life (0.1 mg L⁻¹), for 12, 24, 48, 72 and 96 h. After the exposure time, lipid peroxidation degree, superoxide dismutase and catalase activity, as well as dopamine, adrenaline and noradrenaline levels were evaluated. Al concentration in organisms and water was also measured, in order to determine the bioconcentration factor. Results show that Al bioconcentrates in grass carp inducing oxidative stress (increment of 300 and 455 percent on lipid peroxidation degree and SOD activity, and decrement of 49 percent on CAT activity) and neurotoxicity (increment of 55 and 155 percent on dopamine and adrenaline levels and decrement of 93 percent on noradrenaline level). PMID:21993346

  13. Detection of neurotransmitters by a light scattering technique based on seed-mediated growth of gold nanoparticles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shang, Li; Dong, Shaojun

    2008-03-01

    A simple light scattering detection method for neurotransmitters has been developed, based on the growth of gold nanoparticles. Neurotransmitters (dopamine, L-dopa, noradrenaline and adrenaline) can effectively function as active reducing agents for generating gold nanoparticles, which result in enhanced light scattering signals. The strong light scattering of gold nanoparticles then allows the quantitative detection of the neurotransmitters simply by using a common spectrofluorometer. In particular, Au-nanoparticle seeds were added to facilitate the growth of nanoparticles, which was found to enhance the sensing performance greatly. Using this light scattering technique based on the seed-mediated growth of gold nanoparticles, detection limits of 4.4 × 10-7 M, 3.5 × 10-7 M, 4.1 × 10-7 M, and 7.7 × 10-7 M were achieved for dopamine, L-dopa, noradrenaline and adrenaline, respectively. The present strategy can be extended to detect other biologically important molecules in a very fast, simple and sensitive way, and may have potential applications in a wide range of fields.

  14. The influence of night-flight noise on sleep and catecholamine secretion. Der Einfluss von Nachtfluglaerm auf den Schlaf und die Katecholaminausscheidung

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maschke, C.; Breinl, S. (Technische Univ. Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Technische Akustik); Grimm, R.; Ising, H. (BGA, Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Wasser-, Boden- und Lufthygiene)

    1992-03-01

    The influence of noise from night flying on electro-bioligical reactions and on the secretion of catecholamines (adrenaline and noradrenaline) was studied in eight healthy adults whose place of residence exposes them to day-time aircraft noise. The inter-relationships were then analysed, with daytime noise exposure, personality traits and general day-to-day condition reflected in control variables. The subjects were each observed during five nights without noise exposure (Leq=dB(A)) and five nights with noise exposure (Leq=36 to 56 dB(A)), when the following factors were varied: frequency of nocturnal flights; and sound level. All these flights were transmitted via a sound system between the third and sixth hour of the night. In the case of adrenaline, the original data already showed a significant increase with noise exposure. Taking various day-time exposures into account, significant mean value differences between noisy and peaceful nights were assessed in 8-hour collected urine for both catecholamines. Furthermore, catecholamine concentration increases with sound level. (orig.).

  15. Radioautographic study of the synthesis and migration of glycoproteins in the cells of the rat adrenal medulla

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rats were injected intravenously with (3H) fucose to study the synthesis and migration of glycoproteins into adrenaline-storing and noradrenaline-storing cells of the adrenal medulla and to evaluate the fate of this radioactive sugar in both serum and adrenal-medulla at various time intervals. Radioactivity was decreased in serum by 50% between 5 and 20 min after the injection and by a hundred fold with 1 h. There was a sharp decrease in the radioactivity of the adrenal-medulla between 5 and 20 min after the injection and a slight, continuous decrease thereafter. The adrenal-medullae were fixed 5 min, 20 min, 1 h and 4 h after intravenous injection of [3H] fucose, and radiautographs were analysed quantitatively after development in Microdol X. Kinetic analysis showed that, in both cell types, glycoprotein synthesis is completed in the Golgi complex and glycoproteins migrate subsequently to the secretory granules and to the cell coat. This analysis also revealed that [3H] fucose moves much more rapidly in the Golgi complex of noradrenaline-storing cells than in that of adrenaline-storing cells and appears much earlier in the secretory granules of the former cell type

  16. Detection of neurotransmitters by a light scattering technique based on seed-mediated growth of gold nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shang Li; Dong Shaojun [State Key Laboratory of Electroanalytical Chemistry, Changchun Institute of Applied Chemistry, Graduate School of the Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Changchun 130022 (China)], E-mail: dongsj@ciac.jl.cn

    2008-03-05

    A simple light scattering detection method for neurotransmitters has been developed, based on the growth of gold nanoparticles. Neurotransmitters (dopamine, L-dopa, noradrenaline and adrenaline) can effectively function as active reducing agents for generating gold nanoparticles, which result in enhanced light scattering signals. The strong light scattering of gold nanoparticles then allows the quantitative detection of the neurotransmitters simply by using a common spectrofluorometer. In particular, Au-nanoparticle seeds were added to facilitate the growth of nanoparticles, which was found to enhance the sensing performance greatly. Using this light scattering technique based on the seed-mediated growth of gold nanoparticles, detection limits of 4.4 x 10{sup -7} M, 3.5 x 10{sup -7} M, 4.1 x 10{sup -7} M, and 7.7 x 10{sup -7} M were achieved for dopamine, L-dopa, noradrenaline and adrenaline, respectively. The present strategy can be extended to detect other biologically important molecules in a very fast, simple and sensitive way, and may have potential applications in a wide range of fields.

  17. Effect of Ramadan Fasting on Stress Neurohormones in Women with Polycystic Ovary Syndrome.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farideh Zangeneh

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available To determine the effects of Ramadan fasting on serum levels of stress neurohormones in Iranian women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS.This study was a clinical trial and was performed during July 2011 (month of Ramadan in Royan institute, Tehran. A total of 40 women who were aged 20-40 years and known cases of PCOS and had no other medical diseases were included in the study. They were divided into two groups as follows: (i study group (n = 20 who participated in Ramadan fasting and (ii control group (n = 20 who did not participate in fasting. For evaluating Ramadan's effect on the level of neurohormones serum level of the following variables were evaluated before and after Ramadan: cortisol, adrenaline (A, noradrenalin (NA, beta-endorphin (β-End, insulin, as well as sex hormones including follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH, luteinizing hormone (LH, and testosterone.In the study group after Ramadan serum cortisol and nor-adrenaline levels were significantly lower than the initial levels obtained at beginning of Ramadan (p < 0.05 as compared to control group.This study indicates that Ramadan fasting decreases stress neurohormones in women with PCOS.

  18. THE EFFECT OF CLONIDINE ON LIDOCAINE INDUCED SUPRACLAVICULAR BRACHIAL PLEXUS BLOCK

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    Shrinivas

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Brachial plexus nerve blocks (BPB are the most common nerve blocks used for upper limb surgeries. Techniques using only Local Anaesthetics (LA have limited duration of post-operative analgesia. Clonidine has been used to prolong the duration of LA s for neuraxial blocks. Hence the effect of clonidine on Lidocaine induced BPB was studied. METHODS: 60 patients of American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA class I and II were randomly divided into 2 groups. Group L given 30 ml of Lidocaine with adrenaline 1.5% with 0.6 ml of normal saline and the Group C given 30 ml of same LA with 0.6 ml of 90mcg of Clonidine. All the patients’ supraclavicular BPB was given using Winnies’ peri-vascular approach. The primary outcome was onset, duration of sensory and motor blockade. The secondary outcomes were motor block duration, opioid supplementation, and BPB complication. RESULTS: There was no statistically significant difference in the onset of sensory and motor block, motor blockade quality and overall quality of block. Duration of sensory and motor blockade was prolonged in groups with Clonidine. No adverse events / hemodynamic instability noted in either group. Sedation scores were higher in Clonidine group. No patients required any intervention. CONCLUSIONS: 90µg Clonidine added to Lidocaine 1.5% with adrenaline produces prolongation of both the duration of sensory and motor blockade with minimal adverse effects.

  19. Serum Levels of Stress Hormones and Oxidative Stress Biomarkers Differ according to Sasang Constitutional Type

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hyeong Geug Kim

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Objectives. This study investigated whether Sasang constitutional type is associated with differences in the serum levels of stress hormones and oxidative stress. Methods. A total of 236 participants (77 males and 159 females were enrolled. The serum levels of cortisol, adrenaline, reactive oxygen species (ROS, and malondialdehyde (MDA were analyzed. Results. The distribution of Sasang constitutional types was as follows: Taeumin, 35.6%; Soumin, 33.0%; and Soyangin, 31.4%. The serum cortisol levels of Taeumin were significantly lower than Soumin (p<0.1 in both sexes and Soyangin (p<0.05 in males and p<0.1 in females. The adrenaline levels were also significantly lower in Taeumin than in Soumin (p<0.05 in males and p<0.1 in females and Soyangin (p<0.1 in males. Serum ROS levels were significantly higher in Soyangin than in Taeumin and Soumin (p<0.05 in males, whereas MDA levels were significantly lower in Taeumin compared with Soumin and Soyangin (p<0.05 in males and p<0.1 in females. Conclusion. Taeumin type may tolerate psychological or oxidative stress better than other types, which suggests a biological mechanism to explain the different pathophysiological features of Sasang constitutional types.

  20. Case Study of Hepatic Radiofrequency Ablation Causing a Systemic Inflammatory Response Under Total Intravenous Anesthesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schalte, Gereon; Waning, Christian; Rossaint, Rolf; Mahnken, Andreas H. [University Hospital, RWTH Aachen, Aachen, (Germany); Henzler, Dietrich [Dalhousie University, Queen Elisabeth II Health Sciences Center, Halifax (Canada); Tacke, Josef [Interventional Radiology, Klinikum Passau, Passau (Germany)

    2010-12-15

    To investigate the effects of hepatic radiofrequency ablation (RFA) in patients with malignant liver disease with respect to inflammation activation and stress response. In an observational trial, we investigated the physiologic parameters of 17 patients (20 interventions) who underwent percutaneous RFA under general anesthesia after applying total intravenous anesthesia. TNF{alpha}, IL-6, IL-8, IL-10, adrenaline and noradrenaline, liver enzymes, lactate and creatine kinase were determined pre-interventionally after induction of anesthesia (T1), 90 minutes after initiation of RFA (T2), immediately after the conclusion of the procedure (T3), and 24 hours after the procedure (T4). A significant increase in body temperature (p < 0.001), and mean arterial pressure (p = 0.001) were measured intraoperatively (T2) and the day after the procedure (T4). Increased levels of IL-6 were measured at T3 and T4 (p = 0.001). IL-10 increased immediately after the procedure (T3; p = 0.007). IL-6 levels correlated well with the total energy applied ({gamma} = 0.837). Significant increases in the levels of adrenaline and noradrenaline were present at T3 and T4 (p < 0.001). The RFA-induced destruction of hepatic tissue was associated with increased levels of AST, ALT, GLDH and LDH. Percutaneous RFA of hepatic malignancies causes an inflammatory and endocrine activation, similar to the systemic inflammatory response syndrome. These effects have to be taken in account when dealing with patients susceptible to sepsis or multi-organ failure