WorldWideScience

Sample records for adolf ebel tei

  1. Gerhard Ebeling oor geloof

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    29 Jul 2016 ... oor die saak wat ter tafel is. Polemiek oor ander teoloë se standpunte vorm nie deel van Ebeling se werk nie en direkte teologiese debat met ander is skaars in sy oeuvre. Ebeling dink radikaal krities met 'n fyn hermeneutiese aanvoeling vir die lewe as denkkonteks eerder as dat hy die een of ander sisteem ...

  2. Krebs, Prof. Hans Adolf

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Fellowship. Fellow Profile. Elected: 1969 Honorary. Krebs, Prof. Hans Adolf Nobel Laureate (Medicine) - 1953. Date of birth: 25 August 1900. Date of death: 22 November 1981. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog. Academy News. IAS Logo. Theory Of Evolution. Posted on 23 January 2018. Joint Statement by the ...

  3. Adolf Hitler's medical care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, D

    2005-02-01

    For the last nine years of his life Adolf Hitler, a lifelong hypochondriac had as his physician Dr Theodor Morell. Hitler's mood swings, Parkinson's disease, gastro-intestinal symptoms, skin problems and steady decline until his suicide in 1945 are documented by reliable observers and historians, and in Morell's diaries. The bizarre and unorthodox medications given to Hitler, often for undisclosed reasons, include topical cocaine, injected amphetamines, glucose, testosterone, estradiol, and corticosteroids. In addition, he was given a preparation made from a gun cleaner, a compound of strychnine and atropine, an extract of seminal vesicles, and numerous vitamins and 'tonics'. It seems possible that some of Hitler's behaviour, illnesses and suffering can be attributed to his medical care. Whether he blindly accepted such unorthodox medications or demanded them is unclear.

  4. An Interview with Adolf Muschg

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Judith Ricker-Abderhalden

    1984-01-01

    Full Text Available Adolf Muschg, a popular writer, teacher and aesthetician, is one of the comparatively few contemporary Swiss writers who has been able to establish himself firmly in Germany. In recent years, he has begun to attract the attention of American critics and Germanists as well. In the interview, Adolf Muschg deals with a wide spectrum of issues. He identifies the authors and works that mean most to him. He traces, for instance, his changing relationship to Goethe, whom he recently rediscovered. In Goethe's works, above all in his scientific studies, Muschg finds issues that are of central importance to the survival of our planet. He detects a kinship between Goethe and the "Greens" of the seventies and looks back critically on the turbulent sixties. He provides an analysis of the current tensions between the USA and Western Europe, while confirming his keen and very personal involvement with the USA. But at the core of the interview are his extensive comments on the creative processes and the perils inherent in writing fiction. There he deals with the complex relationship between literature and therapy, the therapeutic potential of literature for the writer and the reader. By describing the novelist's difficult journey on the narrow path between self-revelation and indiscretion, he also reflects upon the related issue of literary narcissism.

  5. Did Adolf Hitler have syphilis?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Retief, F P; Wessels, A

    2005-10-01

    The evidence that Adolf Hitler might have suffered from incapacitating syphilis is reviewed. Rumors that he acquired syphilis from a prostitute at the age of 20 years, with possible re-infection during World War I, can no longer be verified. Evidence is that he was sexually rather inactive throughout his life. Suggestions that Hitler's cardiac lesion and complaints such as transitory blindness, tremor of his left arm and leg, recurring abdominal pain and a skin lesion of the leg were of syphilitic aetiology cannot be supported. Hitler's progressive mental and physical deterioration after 1942, his growing paranoia, fits of rage, grandiosity and symptoms of possible dementia would fit in neurosyphilis. There are, however, also other explanations for his terminal syndrome, and evidence that repeated clinical examinations did not show the characteristic signs of dementia paralytica or tabes dorsalis, swings the balance of probability away from tertiary syphilis.

  6. Adolf Hitler and His Parkinsonism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalyan B Bhattacharyya

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Research works have suggested almost incontrovertibly, that Adolf Hitler suffered from Parkinsonism. However, the precise nature of his illness had always been controversial and post-encephalitic and idiopathic varieties were the ones which were most commonly thought as the possible etiology. He displayed features like oculogyric crisis, palilalia, and autonomic symptoms which strongly implicate post-encephalitic etiology in the genesis of his illness. Others on the contrary, observed premorbid personality traits like non-flinching mental rigidity, extreme inflexibility, and awesome pedantry; which are often observed in idiopathic Parkinson′s disease. Moreover, nonmotor symptoms like disturbed sleep, proneness to temper tantrums, phases of depression, suspiciousness, and lack of trust on colleagues have also been described by various authors. Additionally, he was prescribed methamphetamine by his personal doctor and that might have led to the development of some of the later traits in his personality.

  7. Adolf Hitler and His Parkinsonism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhattacharyya, Kalyan B

    2015-01-01

    Research works have suggested almost incontrovertibly, that Adolf Hitler suffered from Parkinsonism. However, the precise nature of his illness had always been controversial and post-encephalitic and idiopathic varieties were the ones which were most commonly thought as the possible etiology. He displayed features like oculogyric crisis, palilalia, and autonomic symptoms which strongly implicate post-encephalitic etiology in the genesis of his illness. Others on the contrary, observed premorbid personality traits like non-flinching mental rigidity, extreme inflexibility, and awesome pedantry; which are often observed in idiopathic Parkinson's disease. Moreover, nonmotor symptoms like disturbed sleep, proneness to temper tantrums, phases of depression, suspiciousness, and lack of trust on colleagues have also been described by various authors. Additionally, he was prescribed methamphetamine by his personal doctor and that might have led to the development of some of the later traits in his personality.

  8. Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 19; Issue 6. Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer: A Pioneer of Synthetic Organic Chemistry. Gopalpur Nagendrappa. General Article Volume 19 Issue 6 June 2014 pp 489-522 ...

  9. Adolf Loos y el despertar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Espuelas

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Walter Benjamin utiliza en el Libro de los Pasajes la metáfora de la acción de des­pertar para explicar la entrada en la modernidad de la sociedad burguesa del siglo XIX. Y pone la obra de Marcel Proust como ejemplo privilegiado de este cambio. Adolf Loos en arquitectura juega un papel similar al de Proust en literatura: despoja los interiores de las casas burguesas de oscuridad y simbolismo. La arquitectura de Loos incorpora dos rasgos del espíritu moderno: el dinamismo y la simultaneidad. Loos organiza los espacios de sus viviendas con una fuerte teatral­idad. La casa se hace con una suma de escenarios simultáneos puestos en relación por juegos de escaleras múltiples y aperturas visuales. La acción de subir o bajar una escalera introduce el dinamismo del que prescindía la casa burguesa del siglo XIX. Las piezas, situadas como pequeños escenarios, convierten a sus habitantes en instantáneos actores de lo cotidiano.

  10. Adolf Beck: A forgotten pioneer in electroencephalography

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coenen, A.M.L.; Fine, E.; Zayachkivska, O.

    2014-01-01

    Adolf Beck, born in 1863 at Cracow (Poland), joined the Department of Physiology of the Jagiellonian University in 1880 to work directly under the supervision of the prominent physiology professor, Napoleon Cybulski. Following his suggestion, Beck started experimental studies on the electrical brain

  11. 489 Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    Resonance journal of science education. June 2014 Volume 19 Number 6. GENERALARTICLES. 489 Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer. A Pioneer of Synthetic Organic Chemistry. Gopalpur Nagendrappa. 523 Causality in Classical Physics. Asrarul Haque. 538 Physiology of High-Altitude Acclimatization.

  12. Simpler standards for local performance examinations: the Yes/No Angoff and whole-test Ebel.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yudkowsky, Rachel; Downing, Steven M; Wirth, Scott

    2008-01-01

    The whole-test Ebel and Yes/No Angoff methods offer the possibility of faster and easier standard-setting exercises for local, medium-stakes performance exams. We sought to establish if these less demanding methods might be substituted for the traditional but complex case-level Ebel. Six faculty judges each used all three methods to set standards for six standardized-patient checklists used for 178 fourth-year medical students. We compared the cut scores, passing rates, reliability, ease of use, and credibility of the three methods. The three methods produced roughly equivalent cut scores. Generalizability of judgments was .94 and .96 for the case-level and whole-test Ebel, and .76 for the Yes/No Angoff. Judges found the simplified methods more credible than the case-level Ebel. The Yes/No Angoff method was preferred by five of six judges. The whole-test Ebel and the Yes/No Angoff may be simple and realistic options for setting standards for local performance exams.

  13. Viewpoint (Gustav-Adolf Voss)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1995-01-01

    Retiring after a distinguished f i career, including 14 years at the Cambridge (Massachusetts) Electron Accelerator and 22 years as Head of the Accelerator Department at the DESY Laboratory in Hamburg (March/April, page 6), Gustav-Adolf Voss was invited to give a 'Personal Perspective of High Energy Accelerators' at the Particle Accelerator Conference in Dallas, Texas, in May, of which we publish an abbreviated version. At the beginning of this year I retired as Head of the Accelerator Department at the Deutsches Elektronen Synchrotron, DESY, in Hamburg, a position I had held for 22 years. An invitation to talk gives me a chance to thank my teachers, colleagues and friends from the 37 years I have been working in the accelerator field. My first teachers were Stanley M. Livingston, Ken Robinson and Tom L. Collins. It is widely known that Livingston built the first working cyclotron as his PhD thesis under Ernest Lawrence. It is also known that Lawrence was inspired with the cyclotron idea by reading Rolf Wideroe's pioneer linear accelerator paper in 1927. Rolf Wideroe, although 93 now, is still full of ideas, which he sometimes tries out on me. Accelerator science does not have a long history. Ken Robinson was the legendary genius who developed most of the theory of electron synchrotrons and storage rings single-handed and in whose unpublished papers, found after his death, the basics of the free electron laser had been developed, a full 10 years ahead of time. Tom Collins was Assistant Director at the Cambridge Electron Accelerator (CEA), my first real workplace. He developed the 'Collins Straight Section' and furthered my technical education. Among my CEA colleagues and friends were also Karl Strauch, John Rees, Ewan Paterson, Herman Winick and Albert Hofmann. When I started in the accelerator field, life was different. The first atomic bomb had been exploded not much more than a decade earlier and the prestige of the nuclear physicist was

  14. Die lewe en werk van Gerhard Ebeling (06 Julie 1912 – 30 September 2001: ʼn Leksikografiese bydrae tot Reformasie 500

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriël M.J. (Gafie van Wyk

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Focusing on Ebeling’s own account of his ‘theological path’, autobiographical notes in hispublications and a gold mine of information in the biography of Albrecht Beutel on Ebelingpublished in 2012 the article describes important events with theological significance in lifeof Gerhard Ebeling. Ebeling is often portrayed in theological literature as a representativeof the so-called New Hermeneutic. For many people the name Ebeling is synonymous withhermeneutics, as if his only contribution to theology was the development of ‘a newhermeneutical theory’. This is a misconception. The article introduces the reader to anotherand more important point of view to value the life and work of Ebeling – his interest in theReformer Martin Luther, that not only had profound influence on Ebeling’s own theologicalthinking, but also resulted in many ground breakingpublications on Luther. The articlecelebrates Ebeling as one of the most important Luther scholars of all times.

  15. A Pragma-Stylistic Analysis of President Goodluck Ebele Jonathan Inaugural Speech

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abuya, Eromosele John

    2012-01-01

    The study was an examination through the pragma-stylistic approach to meaning of the linguistic acts that manifest in the Inaugural Speech of Goodluck Ebele Jonathan as the democratically elected president in May 2011 General Elections in Nigeria. Hence, the study focused on speech acts type of locution, illocutionary and perlocutionary in the…

  16. [Ophthalmologists in the proximity of Adolf Hitler].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rohrbach, J M

    2012-10-01

    Adolf Hitler met or at least knew about 5 ophthalmologists. The chair of ophthalmology in Berlin, Walther Löhlein, personally examined Hitler's eyes at least two times. The chair of ophthalmology in Breslau, Walter Dieter, developed "air raid protection spectacles" with the aid of high representatives of the NS-system and probably Adolf Hitler himself. Heinrich Wilhelm Kranz became rector of the universities of Giessen and Frankfurt/Main. He was known as a very strict advocate of the NS-race hygiene. Werner Zabel made plans for Hitler's diet and tried to interfere with Hitler's medical treatment. Finally, Hellmuth Unger was an influential representative of the medical press and a famous writer. Three of his novels with medical topics were made into a film which Hitler probably saw. Hitler had, so to say, a small "ophthalmological proximity" which, however, did not play a significant role for himself or the NS-state. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  17. Adolf Hitler had post-encephalitic Parkinsonism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lieberman, A

    1996-04-01

    Adolf Hitler had Parkinson symptoms in 1934, at age 45 years. He may have had transient symptoms in 1923, at age 34 years. Young-onset parkinsonism, during the 1920s, favored a diagnosis of post-encephalitic rather than idiopathic parkinsonism. Hitler had oculogyric crises, phenomena only associated with post-encephalitic parkinsonism. In addition, he had dystonic facial spasms, palilalia and a sleep disorder, phenomena more likely to be associated with post-encephalitic than idiopathic parkinsonism. In November 1918, at age 29 years, Hitler may have had von Economo's encephalitis, while he was a patient in a hospital, recovering from poison gas. This paper looks at the possible relationship of von Economo's encephalitis to Hitler's asocial behavior; his obsessions and compulsions, his cruelty and rages. The influence of Hitler's parkinsonism on his conduct during World War II is discussed.

  18. The Khuner Haus by Adolf Loos

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fisker, Anna Marie; Hvejsel, Marie Frier; Møller, Hans Ramsgaard

    for our exploration of critical issues about Beauty is the theories of Adolf Loos and Immanuel Kant. To classify Loos’ two views on beauty, both driven by the desire to create more beautiful, we focus on Kant’s work “The critique of judgment” in order to define beauty or the beautifulness. Can the Khuner...... Haus, designed at the top of Loos’ career, show us that it is the universal beauty defined by nature that Loos has strived for all along? Do Loos leave the beauty to the mountains? Is there a beauty in the house also, that man must have the desire to explore? To follow Kant; a pleasure in beauty......’s necessary to consult Kant about how the beautiful is that which, apart from concepts, is represented as the object of a universal delight. And further is this definition of the beautiful deducible?...

  19. Adolf Eichmann: ¿"subjetividad" posmoderna?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ALBERTO SLADOGNA

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available La subjetividad es sólo social y se la estudia a partir de un caso: las actividades de Adolf Eichmann, burócrata del exterminio nazi, quien efectuaba el traslado ferroviario de las víctimas hacia las cámaras de gas de Auschwitz. Él pone a consideración de la clínica y del psicoanálisis una interrogación de la culpa descubierta por Freud e interrogada por Lacan: ya no estamos ante un sujeto culpable de haber nacido -su deuda-, sino que la culpa, a partir de Eichmann, es del otro/Otro. La posmodernidad surge de Auschwitz; el psicoanálisis está concernido por ese acontecimiento -Lacan, 9/10/1967-.

  20. [Adolf Lorenz's decision to study medicine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holzer, Gerold

    2017-04-01

    The childhood and adolescence years are decisive in life. It was the aim of this study to analyze the pubertal years of Adolf Lorenz, the founder of Austrian orthopedics who left his mark in all parts of the world, with respect to his choice of profession. As the son of poor people from the former frontier region of the Austro-Hungarian Monarchy with Poland, then known as Austrian-Silesia, he was provided with a scholarship in a boys' choir at a Carinthian monastery and then continued his studies at a college in Klagenfurt, capital of Carinthia. He spent the last year at college as a private teacher in Transylvania and passed his maturity examination as an extraordinary pupil. During this time he decided to study medicine. The people he then met and the events leading to this decision are illustrated in this article.

  1. Book Review: Adolf Hitler. Legende, mythe, werkelijkheid | Ploeger ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract. Book Title: Adolf Hitler. Legende, mythe, werkelijkheid. Book Author: Werner Maser. Uitgeverij De Arbeiderspers, Amsterdam, 1973, pp. 531. Met aantekeninge [pp. 429 - 506] en bibliografie [pp. 507 - 531].

  2. Adolf Sandoz, an Orientalist Painter in Algeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wójcik, Agata

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Adolf Karol Sandoz was a 19th-century Polish artist who spent his life and developed his artistic career in France. In Paris, he studied painting and architecture, and worked as a professional illustrator. He can also be linked with a circle of artist-travellers, who searched for new sources of inspiration in the Orient. In 1879 and 1881, Sandoz travelled in Algeria. He described his impressions from the first journey in vividly written memoires published by the Krakow journal "Czas". His travels inspired several genre paintings, including: "Interior of a house in Biskra", "Dancer from the Uled Nail tribe", "Arab woman by a cradle", "Morning in the Sahara", "Evening in the Sahara", "Oasis", "On the Oued riverbank at El Kantara oasis", and "Sheik Mistress of El Kantara". At present, his works emerge at art auctions, are known from reproductions, or only from descriptions. Sandoz exhibited in Paris, Warsaw, Krakow, and Lviv, where he was appreciated by art critics. The aim of this article is to introduce Sandoz’s journey to Algeria, analyse his paintings with exotic subject matter, and locate them within a wider context of orientalist painting. It will also present the history of artistic travel to Algeria undertaken by 19th-century painters, including those from Poland.

  3. De anima historica naturaliter Bunna Ebels-Hoving en de verlokkingen van de historische sensatie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Boone

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The anima historica naturaliter: Bunna Ebels-Hoving and the Allure of Historical SensationIn her book (Geschiedenis als metgezel Bunna Ebels-Hoving pays a great deal of attention to explaining how and why she became a historian. This is important, for it describes a process that is often done by well-established high ranking professors, while here we are allowed to hear the voice of an intellectually engaged woman who did not reach the solitary heights of academia, but nevertheless remained a keen observer of the social practices and intellectual evolution within a part of the historian’s profession that was very much determined by tradition –medieval studies. For a contemporary reader almost an anthropological perfumeemanates from the way she describes how she was introduced by her masters in the profession. For another central theme, the technical and epistemologicalaspects of how one practices medieval history, it looks as if very little has changed.Especially concerning the way mediaevalists might use the so-called traditionalauxiliary sciences, palaeography and diplomatics, in the first place her book readsas a down to earth but very just appraisal of the values at stake. Some of the discussions she recalls having witnessed indeed refer to both older examples and actual debates.

  4. Adolf Behne y la arquitectura moderna = Adolf Behne and the modern architecture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilia Hernández Pezzi

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Resumen Adolf Behne fue un lúcido crítico alemán de entreguerras. Participó activamente en la evolución de las corrientes culturales de ese tiempo y, pese a su implicación en ellas, las interpretó y valoró con objetividad y acierto. Relacionó arte y arquitectura,  entendiendo que sólo un fuerte compromiso social podía fundamentar este vínculo, y así logró detectar la continuidad entre experiencias tan aparentemente distantes como el expresionismo y el racionalismo moderno y enlazarlas con las tendencias funcionalistas ortodoxas de finales de los veinte. Desde sus privilegiados contactos con artistas y arquitectos observó, analizó, juzgó y actuó como agente catalizador de las  intensas transformaciones que caracterizaron aquel tiempo convulso, seleccionando con hábil criterio los personajes que mejor las representaron. Abstract Adolf Behne was a lucid German critic from the period between the wars. He was actively involved in the evolution of the cultural trends of the time and, despite his own implication, he interpreted and valued them correctly. He related art and architecture, and understood that only a strong social  compromise could found this link, being able this way to detect the continuity between aparently distant experiences such as modern expresionism and rationalism and link them with the ortodox funcionalists trends from the end of the 1920s. From his privileged contacts with artists and architects he observed, analized, judged and acted as a catalyst for the intense transformations that marked those turbulent times, skilfully selecting the characters that pictured them best.

  5. Did Adolf Hitler have syphilis? | Retief | South African Medical Journal

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The evidence that Adolf Hitler may have suffered from incapacitating syphilis is reviewed. Rumours that he acquired syphilis from a prostitute at the age of 20 years, with possible re-infection during World War I, can no longer be verified. Evidence is that he was sexually rather inactive throughout his life. Suggestions that ...

  6. Mida Adolf Hitler tummfilmis ütles? / Priit Pruul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Pruul, Priit

    2006-01-01

    Frank Huberi poolt välja töötatud arvuti tarkvara ALR võimaldab Adolf Hitlerist tema mägimajas tehtud tummfilmidest välja lugeda füüreri suuliigutustega edasiantud teksti. (The Daily Telegraphi põhjal)

  7. Adol'f Černyj i belorusskaja literatura

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Černý, Marcel

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 6, č. 6 (2014), s. 51-68 ISSN 2081-2515 Institutional support: RVO:68378017 Keywords : Slavonic literary studies * Belarusian studies * Czech-Belarusian literary relations * literary reception * Belarusian literatur * Černý, Adolf (1864-1952) * Kupala, Janka (1882-1942) Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  8. Adolf Friedrich Fercher: a pioneer of biomedical optics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hitzenberger, Christoph K.

    2017-12-01

    Adolf Friedrich Fercher, an outstanding pioneer of biomedical optics, passed away earlier this year. He was a brilliant and visionary researcher who pioneered various fields of biomedical optics, such as laser speckle flowgraphy, tissue interferometry, and optical coherence tomography (OCT). On the occasion of the 25th anniversary of OCT, this paper reviews and commemorates Fercher's pioneering work.

  9. The other immigration to Argentina: the case of Adolf Eichmann

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christian Cwik

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Adolf Eichmann llegó a la Argentina como otros 500 Nazis forajidos a través de una red de traficantes ilegales de migrantes entre 1945 y 1955. Esta red fue el resuldado del interés de la República de Argentina, la Cruz Roja, la Caritas y el Vaticano por un lado y por el otro los delincuentes. Eichmann la cara de la ‘banalidad del mal’, como Hannah Arendt escribió en su libro “Eichmann en Jerusalén: un estudio sobre la banalidad del mal”(2ª. edición, traducción de Carlos Ribalta, Barcelona, Lumen, 1999 tuvo bastantes problemas para integrarse en la sociedad argentina y por ende, fracasó. Adolf Eichmann nacido en 1906 en Solingen/Alemania personificó un caractér típico de la sociedad en la posguerra austriaca-alemana, lo que hizo que fracasara en su vida laboral varias veces durante los veintes y los inicios de los treinta del siglo XX.Palabras Clave: Adolf Eichmann;  Holocausto; Tráfico Ilegal de Migrantes; Inmigración en Argentina; Peronismo; Tribunales Internacionales. La otra inmigración a Argentina: El caso de Adolf EichmannAbstractAdolf Eichmann arrived to Argentina along with other 500 runaway Nazis thorugh a smuggling network between 1945 and 1955. This network was the result of the interest shown by the The Republic of Argentina, the Red Cross, Caritas and the Vatican in one hand; in the other, the criminals of war. Eichmann, the face of Hanna Arendt’s t “Banality of Evil” had numerous troubles to integrate to argentinian society, failing as a result.Adolf Eichmann, born in 1906 in Solingen, Germany, personified a typical Austrian-german postwar character, a fact that conduced to his laboral failure in the twentys and early thirties of the twentieth century.Keywords:Adolf Eichmann; Holocaust; Nazi Criminals; Trafficking of migrants; Post War Period; Immigration to Argentina; Peronism; Mossad; International Tribunal. 

  10. Adolf Friedrich Fercher: a pioneer of biomedical optics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hitzenberger, Christoph K

    2017-11-01

    Adolf Friedrich Fercher, an outstanding pioneer of biomedical optics, passed away earlier this year. He was a brilliant and visionary researcher who pioneered various fields of biomedical optics, such as laser speckle flowgraphy, tissue interferometry, and optical coherence tomography (OCT). On the occasion of the 25th anniversary of OCT, this paper reviews and commemorates Fercher's pioneering work. (2017) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE).

  11. The unmourned wound: Reflections on the psychology of Adolf Hitler.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrell, D R

    1995-09-01

    Fifty years after his death by suicide, Adolf Hitler continues to arouse profound feelings of revulsion and attraction. This paper is an exploration of Hitler's psyche from the perspective of a depth psychology. After examining analyses of Hilter's personality by Richard Rubenstein and Alice Miller, the argument is made that we need C.G. Jung's concept of psychic inflation to understand more fully Hitler's impact upon the world. Hitler is seen as inflated by the compensating energies of the Self in response to his deeply wounded ego, a wound he could not mourn. Consequently, he became identified with the dark and destructive energies of the Self which inflated and then usurped his ego. Hitler's demonic and destructive career resulted from that inflation, which he was not able to neutralize. The paper concludes with reflections on the role of mourning in protecting us from the experience of psychic inflation, especially by the Self in its dark and destructive aspects.

  12. The death of Adolf Hitler--forensic aspects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchetti, Daniela; Boschi, Ilaria; Polacco, Matteo; Rainio, Juha

    2005-09-01

    The death of Adolf Hitler is one of the unsolved mysteries of the twentieth century. Numerous historians and journalists have attempted to piece together the details, but despite the interest in the forensic literature regarding the identification of the body, there has not been much scientific debate about the alleged cause of death--cyanide poisoning, gunshot injury, or both. The available literature concerning Hitler's cause of death is incomplete because the toxicological analysis has not been performed and because the skull bone fragment with a gunshot wound possibly from Hitler's corpse has not been properly examined. This has given basis for various theories, which are reviewed. We believe that mtDNA analysis of the skull fragments and of Hitler's jaw, now filed in Moscow, and samples from maternal relatives of Hitler are crucial linking the skull fragment with the gunshot wound to Hitler.

  13. "Allakäigu" Adolf Hitler paistab päris inimese moodi / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2004-01-01

    Mängufilm, kus peategelaseks on Adolf Hitler - "Allakäik" ("Der Untergang") : stsenarist ja produtsent Bernd Eichinger : režissöör Oliver Hirschbiegel : Saksamaa 2004. Lisa "Pimedad Ööd tahavad Hitlerit"

  14. XML, TEI, and Digital Libraries in the Humanities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nellhaus, Tobin

    2001-01-01

    Describes the history and major features of XML and TEI, discusses their potential utility for the creation of digital libraries, and focuses on XML's application in the humanities, particularly theater and drama studies. Highlights include HTML and hyperlinks; the impact of XML on text encoding and document access; and XML and academic…

  15. Angoff, Yes/No ve Ebel Standart Belirleme Yöntemlerinin Karşılaştırılması

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ceylan GÜNDEĞER

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available In this study, experts’ decisions and cut-off scores obtained from Angoff, Yes/No and Ebel standard setting methods have been compared. The research data consist of 489 student scores obtained from a achievement test of 20 items and 17 experts’ decisions, made according to three different standard setting methods for this achievement test. In the analysis of data, in order to set the compliance between experts, Kendall’s coefficient of concordance (W for Angoff and Ebel methods, and Cohen’s Kappa statistics for Yes/No method have been calculated. Differences between the percentages of students, considered as successful according to three different standard setting methods, have been tested with the test of the difference between two correlated proportions. The students’ scores have been tailored to binary as successful-unsuccessful according to three methods; and the compliance between them has been examined with Cohen’s Kappa statistics. The compliance between the cutoff scores of three methods has been evaluated with Pearson Product-Moment Correlation Coefficient and the paired samples t test. At the end of this research, it is seen that the compliance of experts in the methods is at a reasonable level; there is significant difference on 0,01 error level among percentages of students considered as successful according to these three different standard setting methods and there is a compliance between students’ scores that have been tailored to binary as successful-unsuccessful according to three methods. It is concluded that there is a high relationship between Angoff and Yes/No methods; there is moderate relationship between Angoff and Ebel methods; there is no significant relationship between Yes/No and Ebel methods.

  16. Evaluating the cardiac function of duchenne muscular dystrophy with Doppler Tei index

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Yao Fengjuan; Zheng Ju; Lu Kun; Liu Donghong; Wu Miaoling; Lin Hong; Zhang Cheng; Yu Hongkui

    2007-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the cardiac function of early Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) by left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) and pulse Doppler Tei index. Methods: Twenty-eight DMD patients and fifteen normal people were studied. LVEF, E/A and Tei index were measured and calculated by M-mode and Pulse wave Doppler respectively. Results: Compared with control group, Tei index and IRT were significantly high, and there were not significant difference in LVEF(%) and E/A. Conclusion: Tei index was valuable in assessing cardiac function of early DMD. (authors)

  17. Chachmej Mehrin: Adolf Frankl-Grün (1847-1916)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Soukup, Daniel

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 6, č. 6 (2014), s. 15-18 Institutional support: RVO:68378068 Keywords : Židé na Moravě * Adolf Frankl-Grün * dějiny Židů * historiografie Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  18. Kuidas Adolf Hitler vahetult enne valimisi Püssirohukeldrisse jõuab / Agni Lass

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lass, Agni

    2005-01-01

    10. sept. esietendub Tartu Püssirohukeldris P. Uttoni "Adolf", mille M. Unt pidi lavastama. Kuid proovideni ta ei jõudnud. See etendub E. Õunapuu käe all, kes tegi M. Undi lavavariandi ümber. Heli- ja lavakujundus ning kostüümid on samuti E. Õunapuult

  19. Adolf Mayer (1843-1942) en zijn betekenis voor de Virologie als wetenschap

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vlak, J.M.

    2007-01-01

    In 2007 is het 125 jaar geleden dat Adolf Mayer voor het eerst zijn baanbrekend werk over het besmettelijk karakter van mozaiekziekte van tabak publiceerde (Mayer, 1882). Deze publicatie, in het Nederlands, in het Groningse Tijdschrift voor Landbouwkunde, markeert het begin van de virologie als

  20. Understanding the Influence of Parkinson Disease on Adolf Hitler's Decision-Making during World War II.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gupta, Raghav; Kim, Christopher; Agarwal, Nitin; Lieber, Bryan; Monaco, Edward A

    2015-11-01

    Parkinson disease (PD) is a common neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the presence of Lewy bodies and a reduction in the number of dopaminergic neurons in the substantia nigra of the basal ganglia. Common symptoms of PD include a reduction in control of voluntary movements, rigidity, and tremors. Such symptoms are marked by a severe deterioration in motor function. The causes of PD in many cases are unknown. PD has been found to be prominent in several notable people, including Adolf Hitler, the Chancellor of Germany and Führer of Nazi Germany during World War II. It is believed that Adolf Hitler suffered from idiopathic PD throughout his life. However, the effect of PD on Adolf Hitler's decision making during World War II is largely unknown. Here we examine the potential role of PD in shaping Hitler's personality and influencing his decision-making. We purport that Germany's defeat in World War II was influenced by Hitler's questionable and risky decision-making and his inhumane and callous personality, both of which were likely affected by his condition. Likewise his paranoid disorder marked by intense anti-Semitic beliefs influenced his treatment of Jews and other non-Germanic peoples. We also suggest that the condition played an important role in his eventual political decline. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Crystal structure of the complex of porcine pancreatic elastase with TEI-8362.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koizumi, Masahiro; Muratani, Emiko; Fujii, Katsuhiko; Takimoto-Kamimura, Midori

    2004-01-01

    The crystal structure of porcine pancreatic elastase (PPE) complexed with a new benzoxazinone inhibitor, TEI-8362, of human neutrophil elastase (HNE) was determined at 1.8 A resolution. The hydroxyl oxygen of Ser195 opened the benzoxazinone by nucleophilic attack and formed a covalent bond with the carbonyl carbon. Hydrophobic interaction between the terminal benzene of TEI-8362 and the S4 pocket is reinforced by the side chain of Arg217 and has an impact on the ligand binding conformation. Two additional interactions with the oxyanion hole and His57 are introduced to the benzoxazinone structure of TEI-8362. These combinatorial interactions will also exist in HNE and cause high preference of TEI-8362 for HNE.

  2. Clinical value of Tei index in pediatric patients with repaired tetralogy of Fallot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Bing; Qi, Quan; Liu, Ruisheng; Xing, Wang; Tang, Hanbo; Li, Yuanmin

    2015-01-01

    Tetralogy of Fallot is a congenital heart disease characterized by underdevelopment of the right ventricular infundibulum. Present study aimed to explore the clinic value of Tei index in assessing right ventricular function of pediatric patients with repaired Tetralogy of Fallot. A total of 45 pediatric patients with repaired Tetralogy of Fallot were recruited and classified into: group A (Tei index 0.7; n=13, aging 4-14 years). The right ventricular Tei index value was related to the clinical characteristics of Tetralogy of Fallot repair patients. Right ventricular Tei index was positively correlated with ventilation time, drainage volumes, and negatively with drug assistance and Intensive Care Unit (ICU) stay, although time for drug assistance and ICU stay were not statically different between group B and group C. There was no significant difference in left ventricular ejection fraction. Tei index is a sensitive indicator of right ventricular dysfunction, and has important clinical value to better our understanding of right ventricular function after tetralogy of Fallot repair.

  3. In searching for the rots of minimalism in architecture: Formal silence of Adolf Loos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vasilski Dragana

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Architectural examples of minimalism, combined with strict forms of modern movements, and the possibilities offered by new materials and technologies, contributing to the triumph of aesthetics that has become a symbol of our times. Minimalism in architecture, as the most original contribution to the idea of simplicity in architecture today has its roots in different areas as well as creation of prominent individuals - copyright strong individualities that do not tolerate any kind of categorization. One such author is certainly Adolf Loos. His theoretical ideas regarding decorations were sensational, because while the modernists had a dilemma about where and how to place ornaments, Los was adamant: his drastic solution predicted the complete elimination of ornament. In our time, minimalist architecture brings the ease of Adolf Loosa, whose design is rejected historicism and its parasites, decoration, to the pronounced rationalism. It is possible to follow the guiding principle of his 'formal silence' by Carl Andre to Herzog i de Meuron, as well as over the Mediterranean vernacular architecture to Alberto Campo Baeza and Alvaro Siza.

  4. Die Wahrnehmung der Figur „Adolf Hitler“ in Daniel Levys „Mein Führer- die wirklich wahrste Wahrheit über Adolf Hitler“ durch internationales Filmpublikum.

    OpenAIRE

    Herzner, Dominik

    2017-01-01

    Filme beeinflussen die Wahrnehmungen von Figuren. Daniel Levys Film "Mein Führer" (die erste deutschsprachige Komödie über Adolf Hitler) führte zu einer positiven Wahrnehmung der Hauptfigur. In einer empirischen Untersuchung wurde gezeigt, dass sich dieser Effekt bei internationalem Filmpublikum, die einen anderen Zugang zur Thematik Nationalsozialismus haben, verstärkt.

  5. Moskvas hoitav Adolf Hitleri kolbatükk ei kuulu füürerile / Aadu Hiietamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hiietamm, Aadu, 1954-

    2009-01-01

    USA arheoloogi Nick Bellantoni avastus, et Moskvas hoitav Adolf Hitleri kuuliauguga koljutükk ei kuulugi füürerile, annab tõenäoliselt uut hoogu vandenõuteoreetikutele, kes usuvad, et Hitler ei teinud 1945. aastal enesetappu, vaid põgenes välismaale

  6. Ein konservativer Aristokrat mit radikaler Unterstützung. Die jungtschechische Wahlagitation 1894 für Adolf Freiherrn Leonhardi

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Velek, Luboš

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 19, - (2003), s. 141-154 ISSN 0769-3656 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LN00A041 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z8063914 Keywords : political culture * Adolf Leonhardi * Young Czech Party Subject RIV: AB - History

  7. Impact on electroencephalography of Adolf Beck, a prominent Polish scientist and founder of the Lviv School of Physiology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zayachkivska, O.; Gzhegotsky, M.; Coenen, A.M.L.

    2012-01-01

    Adolf Beck (1863–1942) can be regarded as the co-founder of electroencephalography. His studies on the cerebral cortex of animals have facilitated the introduction of the electroencephalogram (EEG) as a main tool for studying the brain. The localization of senses on the cortex with evoked potentials

  8. [Parkinson's disease of Adolf Hitler and its influence in the development of World War Second].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerrero, A L

    2003-03-01

    Adolf Hitler very probably suffered from Parkinson's disease. The first symptoms of it began to appear in 1937/1938. It is likely that its appearance, and the fear that it caused regarding his survival, lead Hitler to advance his initial projects of military expansion of the great Germany beginning in 1943. Thus, the Second World War broke out in 1939, perhaps quite before the time in which Germany would be prepared. Chronic treatment carried out with opiates, cocaine, amphetamines, and strychnine may very well be related with a very abnormal judgement of the problems and absence of trust in the advice of his team. With this, he would make military decisions that would end up being ill-fated for his interests and which, after 1942, would lead to a change in the course of the war.

  9. School Technology Leadership in a Spanish Secondary School: The TEI Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gallego-Arrufat, María-Jesús; Gutiérrez-Santiuste, Elba; Campaña-Jiménez, Rafael Luis

    2017-01-01

    This study analyzes the perception that teachers and management team members in secondary school education have of "technology-based educational innovation" (TEI). Two questionnaires and in-depth interviews permit us to analyze leaders' perspective of planning, development, and evaluation. The school leaders' view diverges from that of…

  10. Analisa Pengaruh Customer Experience Terhadap Minat Beli Konsumen Di Sushi Tei Restaurant Surabaya

    OpenAIRE

    Livia, Livia; Andreani, Fransisca

    2014-01-01

    Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui customer experience yang terdiri dari sensory experience, emotional experience, dan social experience terhadap minat beli konsumen di Sushi Tei Restaurant Surabaya. Peneliti mengambil sampel sebanyak 70 responden. Berdasarkan hasil analisa, disimpulkan bahwa sensory experience dan social experience berpengaruh terhadap minat beli konsumen, sedangkan emotional experience tidak berpengaruh terhadap minat beli konsumen. Dari hasil analisa tersebut juga d...

  11. Descartes-TEI : Conversion development environment for converting the Descartes Corpus.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Roorda, D.; Bos, Erik-Jan

    2012-01-01

    Dataconversion for NWO project Circulation of Knowledge. This conversion is specific to the letters of Descartes. Source format the JapAM edition: plain unicode text with line numbers illustrations in gif taken from Oeuvres de Descartes, Adam and Tannery, 1911 Target format (pseudo) TEI, plus

  12. Pre-operative Tei Index does not predict left ventricular function immediately after mitral valve repair

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chirojit Mukherjee

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Echocardiographic assessment of systolic left ventricular (LV function in patients with severe mitral regurgitation (MR undergoing mitral valve (MV repair can be challenging because the measurement of ejection fraction (EF or fractional area change (FAC in pathological states is of questionable value. The aim of our study was to evaluate the usefulness of the pre-operative Tei Index in predicting left ventricular EF or FAC immediately after MV repair. One hundred and thirty patients undergoing MV repair with sinus rhythm pre- and post-operatively were enrolled in this prospective study. Twenty-six patients were excluded due to absence of sinus rhythm post-operatively. Standard transesophageal examination(IE 33,Philips,Netherlands was performed before and after cardiopulmonary bypass according to the guidelines of the ASE/SCA. FAC was determined in the transgastric midpapillary short-axis view. LV EF was measured in the midesophageal four- and two-chamber view. For calculation of the Tei Index, the deep transgastric and the midesophageal four-chamber view were used. Statistical analysis was performed with SPSS 17.0. values are expressed as mean with standard deviation. LV FAC and EF decreased significantly after MV repair (FAC: 56±12% vs. 50±14%, P<0.001; EF: 58±11 vs. 50±12Έ P<0.001. The Tei Index decreased from 0.66±0.23 before MV repair to 0.41±0.19 afterwards (P<0.001. No relationship between pre-operative Tei Index and post-operative FAC or post-operative EF were found (FAC: r=−0.061, P=0.554; EF: r=−0.29, P=0.771. Conclusion: Pre-operative Tei Index is not a good predictor for post-operative FAC and EF in patients undergoing MV repair.

  13. Io sono Adolf ma anche Superman. Il potere patologico dell’Io

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paola Russo

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This work focuses on the pathological power of the ego, understood as an existential illness which has at its confused and blurred centre the lack of distinctions between opposites. In a certain sense there is no element without its opposite. However, the principle of separation allows the freedom of choice entrusted to each of us. Adolf and Superman represent two heroes; the first embodies evil, the second good. But both pose the same objective: the fight against others for the victory of what they consider good or bad. Both are the image of the ego and, therefore, power. Both are therefore victims of paranoia. This paranoia is also typical of contemporary society, in which the confused center of paranoia takes the side of the ego in many ways. In fact, the paranoiac ignores the center, that is, its essence, because it loses its ties with the origin and the simplicity to replace it with superstructures of ideas and projects that are driving it away from itself, often increasing its confusion and, therefore, its bondage.

  14. Some aspects of Adolf von Harnack’s criticism on Orthodox tradition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Buda

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to present the critique that Adolf von Harnack (1851–1930 formulated on the Orthodox tradition in his famous book Das Wesen des Christentums, as well as to comment on its affirmations in the context of his time and way of thinking and to try and find explanations for his criticism. The article concludes that although Harnack’s critique on the Orthodox tradition may have presented negative perception of Orthodoxy, particularly amongst Protestants and many Orthodox theologians who were furious after reading his paper, yet, his critical affirmations also have constructive aspects. However, some of the conclusions of Harnack’s criticism are genuinely rejected by the Orthodox theologians and are no longer sustainable. As a theologian, Harnack cannot be considered an opponent of the modern ecumenical movement, but rather as one of its pioneers. Harnack could be included in the category of frank ecumenists who prefer to express in a critical, but constructive way that which he believes about his own Christian tradition, as well as other Christian traditions.

  15. Adolf Hitler's Parkinson's disease and an attempt to analyse his personality structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerstenbrand, F; Karamat, E

    1999-03-01

    It has been proved that Adolf Hitler suffered from idiopathic Parkinson's disease. No indication for postencephalitic parkinsonism was found in the clinical symptoms or the case history. Professor Max de Crinis established his diagnosis of Parkinson's disease in Hitler early in 1945 and informed the SS leadership, who decided to initiate treatment with a specially prepared 'antiparkinsonian mixture' to be administered by a physician. However, Hitler never received the mixture, this implies that the SS intended to remove the severely diseased 'Leader'. Two different character traits can be analysed in Hitler's personality: on the one hand the typical premorbid personality of parkinsonian patients with uncorrectable mental rigidity, extreme inflexibility and insupportable pedantry. On the other an antisocial personality disorder with lack of ethical and social values, a deeply rooted tendency to betray others and to deceive himself and uncontrollable emotional reactions. This special combination in Hitler's personality resulted in the uncritical conviction of his mission and an enormous driving for recognition. The neuropsychiatric analysis of Hitler's personality could lead to a better explanation of the pathological traits of one of the most conspicuous historical personalities. Copyright 1999 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

  16. Some aspects of Adolf von Harnack’s criticism on Orthodox tradition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Buda

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to present the critique that Adolf von Harnack (1851–1930 formulated on the Orthodox tradition in his famous book Das Wesen des Christentums, as well as to comment on its affirmations in the context of his time and way of thinking and to try and find explanations for his criticism. The article concludes that although Harnack’s critique on the Orthodox tradition may have presented negative perception of Orthodoxy, particularly amongst Protestants and many Orthodox theologians who were furious after reading his paper, yet, his critical affirmations also have constructive aspects. However, some of the conclusions of Harnack’s criticism are genuinely rejected by the Orthodox theologians and are no longer sustainable. As a theologian, Harnack cannot be considered an opponent of the modern ecumenical movement, but rather as one of its pioneers. Harnack could be included in the category of frank ecumenists who prefer to express in a critical, but constructive way that which he believes about his own Christian tradition, as well as other Christian traditions.

  17. Tei index in determination of fetal cardiac function in pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guo-Dong Li

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To explore the application value of Tei index in determination of fetal cardiac function in pregnant women with gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM. Methods: A total of 60 gestational diabetes mellitus pregnant women with single birth were included in the study and served as GDM group, while 60 healthy pregnant women with single birth were served as the control group. The fetal echocardiography was performed. The cardiac structure, function, and other related indicators were detected and compared. Results: IVSs, LVWT, RVWT, LVEF, LVFS, and RVFS in GDM group were significantly greater than those in the control group (P<0.05. E/A MV and E/A TV in GDM group were significantly lower than those in the control group (P<0.05. The left and right ventricular Tei index in GDM group was significantly higher than that in the control group (P<0.05. Conclusions: The fetal cardiac structure and function in GDM pregnant women can cause damage to a different degree. Tei index is an important indicator to evaluate the fetal cardiac function in GDM pregnant women, and can be applied in the early diagnosis and treatment; therefore, it deserved to be widely recommended in the clinic.

  18. Social Skills: Adolf Meyer's Revision of Clinical Skill for the New Psychiatry of the Twentieth Century.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lamb, Susan

    2015-07-01

    Adolf Meyer (1866-1950) exercised considerable influence over the development of Anglo-American psychiatry during the first half of the twentieth century. The concepts and techniques he implemented at his prominent Phipps Psychiatric Clinic at Johns Hopkins remain important to psychiatric practice and neuro-scientific research today. In the 1890s, Meyer revised scientific medicine's traditional notion of clinical skill to serve what he called the 'New Psychiatry', a clinical discipline that embodied social and scientific ideals shared with other 'new' progressive reform movements in the United States. This revision conformed to his concept of psychobiology - his biological theory of mind and mental disorders - and accorded with his definition of scientific medicine as a unity of clinical-pathological methods and therapeutics. Combining insights from evolutionary biology, neuron theory and American pragmatist philosophy, Meyer concluded that subjective experience and social behaviour were functions of human biology. In addition to the time-honoured techniques devised to exploit the material data of the diseased body - observing and recording in the clinic, dissecting in the morgue and conducting histological experiments in the laboratory - he insisted that psychiatrists must also be skilled at wielding social interaction and interpersonal relationships as investigative and therapeutic tools in order to conceptualise, collect, analyse and apply the ephemeral data of 'social adaptation'. An examination of his clinical practices and teaching at Johns Hopkins between 1913 and 1917 shows how particular historical and intellectual contexts shaped Meyer's conceptualisation of social behaviour as a biological function and, subsequently, his new vision of clinical skill for twentieth-century psychiatry.

  19. The Old Man and the Glass Booth: Adolf Eichmann and the Migration of an Under- and Overdetermined Iconography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthias Steinle

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses the image of Adolf Eichmann, which has haunted the screen ever since his spectacular kidnapping in Argentina. Characterized by a lack of archive images from the Nazi era and an abundance of images from the trial in Jerusalem in 1962, the man in the glass booth is an interesting example of the role of archive images in cultural memory and the mediality of history. Eichmann as a “media phenomenon” is analysed in his different dimensions: first a semiologic study of the two iconic images which became “super signs” of the Holocaust, generating contradictory narratives; then an exhaustive overview of the films produced about Adolf Eichmann with their thematic and narrative approaches; the analysis of three films made after the Fall of the Berlin Wall and their link to German national memory; and finally a discussion of the central motive of the glass booth and its migration toward other filmic contexts, giving Eichmann a wider presence in popular culture.

  20. Estudo comparativo dos óleos voláteis de algumas espécies de Piperaceae

    OpenAIRE

    Mesquita,J.M.O.; Cavaleiro,C.; Cunha,A.P.; Lombardi,J.A.; Oliveira,A.B.

    2005-01-01

    O presente trabalho teve por objetivo a análise comparativa dos óleos voláteis de espécies da família Piperaceae. As espécies estudadas foram as seguintes: Piper aduncum, P. amalago, P. arboreum, P. cernuum, P. hispidum, P. regnelii, P. submarginalum, P. vicosanum e Pothomorphe umbellata. A análise dos óleos voláteis foi efetuada pela combinação de técnicas de Cromatografia de Fase Gasosa (CG) e de Cromatografia de Fase Gasosa acoplada a Espectrometria de Massa (CG/EM). A porcentagem de ident...

  1. Frugivoria e dispersão de sementes pelo lagarto teiú Tupinambis merianae (Reptilia: Teiidae)

    OpenAIRE

    Castro,Everaldo Rodrigo de; Galetti,Mauro

    2004-01-01

    Os lagartos teiús possuem uma dieta generalista, podendo agir como importantes dispersores de sementes em florestas semidecíduas do sudeste do Brasil. Foram estudadas a frugivoria e a dispersão de sementes de lagartos teiús usando animais em cativeiro, através da oferta de frutos de uma floresta semidecídua. Frutos de trinta espécies vegetais foram oferecidos aos lagartos em cativeiro, com diâmetro variando de 0,81 a 10,0 cm. Não foram encontradas diferenças estatísticas na germinação entre a...

  2. Substâncias voláteis em mel floral e mel de melato

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CAMPOS Gisélia

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Embora pareça existir um "flavor" característico de mel, a grande variedade de flores disponíveis para a abelha, possibilita uma grande diversidade de flavor e aroma, indicando a presença de vários componentes voláteis. Alguns destes dependem da fisiologia da abelha, dos procedimentos após a colheita e no mel de melato há também a interferência de insetos sugadores e das formigas. Várias substâncias voláteis já foram identificadas, sendo algumas características de determinados méis uniflorais. Com o objetivo de encontrar uma substância volátil característica do mel de melato, seis amostras deste tipo de mel e seis amostras de mel floral foram analisadas usando extração por arraste de gás hidrogênio e cromatografia a gás acoplada a espectrometria de massas. Ácido acético foi encontrado em quatro amostras de mel de melato e em uma amostra de mel floral porém, com menor abundância.

  3. "Será que cegos sonham?": o caso das imagens táteis distais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Virginia Kastrup

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do artigo é identificar algumas características e a dinâmica estrutural das imagens mentais de pessoas cegas precoces e analisar os componentes da imagética não visual em lembranças e sonhos. As contribuições de Antônio Damasio, Gilbert Simondon e Francisco Varela estabelecem a base da discussão sobre o conceito de imagem mental, sublinhando sua dimensão processual e inventiva. Utilizando uma metodologia de primeira pessoa, quatro pessoas cegas precoces adultas foram entrevistadas com a técnica da entrevista de explicitação, tendo em vista a descrição de experiências pré-refletidas. O texto analisa extratos das entrevistas que apontam a existência de uma imagética multissensorial, a importância da plataforma tátil e a presença de imagens táteis distais - tanto nas lembranças como nos sonhos - que são descritas como próximas da experiência da visão. O artigo destaca o hibridismo visuotátil das imagens táteis distais, bem como a presença de elementos da linguagem dos videntes.

  4. Process' standardization and change management in higher education. The case of TEI of Athens

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chalaris, Ioannis; Chalaris, Manolis; Gritzalis, Stefanos; Belsis, Petros

    2015-02-01

    The establishment of mature operational procedures and the effort of standardizing and certifying these procedures is a particularly arduous and demanding task which requires strong commitment from management to the existing objectives, administrative stability and continuity, availability of resources, an adequate implementation team with support from all stakeholders and of course great tolerance until tangible results of the investment are shown. Ensuring these conditions, particularly in times of economic crisis, is an extremely difficult task for large organizations such as TEI of Athens where there is heterogeneity in personnel and changes in the administrative hierarchy arise plethora of additional difficulties and require an effective change management. In this work we depict the path of standardization and certification of administrative functions of TEI of Athens, with emphasis on difficulties encountered and how to address them and in particular issues of change management and the culture related to this effort. The requirement for infrastructure needed to be maintained in processes and tools process & strategic management is embodied, in order to evolve mechanisms for continuous improvement processes and storage / recovery of the resulting knowledge. The work concludes with a general design of a road map of internal audit and continuous improvement processes for a large institution of higher education.

  5. Alucinações táteis: aspectos conceituais e históricos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    German E. Berrios

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Uma breve análise histórica do conceito geral de alucinação é apresentada e sugere-se que ela surgiu como a generalização injustificada de um modelo perceptual que estava destinado a ser aplicado apenas para a visão e os "sentidos de distância". Neste contexto, considera-se a evolução das alucinações táteis e explora-se sua interação com a teoria psicológica vigente no século XIX. Conclui-se que as alucinações táteis são fenômenos sui generis que não se encaixam no modelo convencional e que a identificação de seu quadro clínico baseia-se, até o momento, em critérios pouco claros. Apresenta-se uma breve revisão da sua taxonomia e utilidade diagnóstica. Algumas implicações mais amplas são delineadas, as quais podem ser relevantes para a concepção geral da alucinação.

  6. The Training Evaluation Inventory (TEI)--Evaluation of Training Design and Measurement of Training Outcomes for Predicting Training Success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritzmann, Sandrina; Hagemann, Vera; Kluge, Annette

    2014-01-01

    Training evaluation in research and organisational contexts is vital to ensure informed decisions regarding the value of training. The present study describes the development of a valid and reliable training evaluation inventory (TEI), as it does not exist so far. The objectives were a) to construct an instrument that is theoretically and…

  7. A cegueira histérica de Adolf Hitler: histórico de um boletim médico The hysterical blindness of Adolf Hitler: record of a medical chart

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerhard Köpf

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Em 1918, no hospital militar de Pasewalk, o psiquiatra professor Edmund Forster trata, por meio da hipnose, o cabo Adolf Hitler de uma "neurose de guerra" (cegueira histérica. Em 1933, Hitler assume o poder sobre a Alemanha nazista. Pouco tempo depois, Forster entra em contato com um grupo de escritores que viviam em exílio em Paris e passa sigilosamente a eles os seus conhecimentos sobre o caso. O escritor Ernst Weiss, também médico, usa essas informações de Forster para escrever o seu romance A Testemunha Ocular (Der Augenzeuge, que é publicado somente em 1963. O professor Forster comete suicídio em 1933, depois de sofrer uma campanha de denúncias difamantes. Weiss também se suicida em 1940, quando as tropas alemãs invadem Paris. Várias outras pessoas relacionadas ao boletim médico sobre Hitler são assassinadas pela Gestapo.In 1918, in a military reserve hospital located in the small Pomeranian town of Pasewalk, the neuropsychiatrist Prof. Edmund Forster treated Adolf Hitler, an Austrian caporal suffering from a war neurosis (hysterical blindness, using suggestive techniques. Soon after the Hitler’s ascension to the power in the Nazi Germany, in 1933, Dr. Forster met with a group of exiled writers living in Paris and secretly gave them the information about the case. The writer Ernst Weiss, that was also a physician, latter used this information in order to produce his roman "The Eye Witness", which would be published only in 1963. In 1933, Prof. Forster committed suicide in strange circunstances after successive defamatory statements against him. Also Weiss committed suicide in 1940, when German troops invaded Paris. The Gestapo also murdered several other persons involved in the Hitler’s medical chart.

  8. TEI INDEX MIGHT BE THE UNIQUE ECHOCARDIOGRAPHIC PARAMETER THAT DETECTS HYPERVISCOSITY SYNDROME: ACASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boban Marko

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract: Hyperviscosity syndromes are disorders of infrequent prevalence in which changes of rheological characteristics cause increased resistance to blood flow, endothelial dysfunction, tissue ischemia and bleeding. Signs of hyperviscosity syndrome become clinically overt at the point of 4 centipoise units. We present a case of patient with hyperviscosity syndrome due to Waldenstrom’s macroglobulinemia with negative records on earlier cardiovascular illnesses. Laboratory diagnostic and standard echocardiography did not show any deviation towards increased cardiovascular risk, heart failure or ischemic heart disease. However, unique clinically significant change that could be indirectly related to hyperviscosity syndrome was found with the myocardium performance index (MPI. Tei-index showed median value of 0.75 corresponding to severe grades of myocardial dysfunction earlier described in the literature for other entities. Comprehensive roles of rheological changes in relation to echocardiography, pathophysiology of myocardial performance and cardiovascular continuum might be interesting point for further investigations.

  9. Crystal structure of human cyclin-dependent kinase-2 complex with MK2 inhibitor TEI-I01800: insight into the selectivity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fujino, Aiko; Fukushima, Kei; Kubota, Takaharu; Kosugi, Tomomi; Takimoto-Kamimura, Midori, E-mail: m.kamimura@teijin.co.jp [Teijin Pharma Limited, 4-3-2 Asahigaoka, Hino-shi, Tokyo 191-8512 (Japan)

    2013-11-01

    The Gly-rich loop of cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2) bound to TEI-I01800 as an MK2 specific inhibitor forms a β-sheet which is a common structure in CDK2–ligand complexes. Here, the reason why TEI-I01800 does not become a strong inhibitor against CDK2 based on the conformation of TEI-I01800 is presented. Mitogen-activated protein kinase-activated protein kinase 2 (MK2 or MAPKAP-K2) is a Ser/Thr kinase from the p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase signalling pathway and plays an important role in inflammatory diseases. The crystal structure of the MK2–TEI-I01800 complex has been reported; its Gly-rich loop was found to form an α-helix, not a β-sheet as has been observed for other Ser/Thr kinases. TEI-I01800 is 177-fold selective against MK2 compared with CDK2; in order to understand the inhibitory mechanism of TEI-I01800, the cyclin-dependent kinase 2 (CDK2) complex structure with TEI-I01800 was determined at 2.0 Å resolution. Interestingly, the Gly-rich loop of CDK2 formed a β-sheet that was different from that of MK2. In MK2, TEI-I01800 changed the secondary structure of the Gly-rich loop from a β-sheet to an α-helix by collision between Leu70 and a p-ethoxyphenyl group at the 7-position and bound to MK2. However, for CDK2, TEI-I01800 bound to CDK2 without this structural change and lost the interaction with the substituent at the 7-position. In summary, the results of this study suggest that the reason for the selectivity of TEI-I01800 is the favourable conformation of TEI-I01800 itself, making it suitable for binding to the α-form MK2.

  10. Trinta dias na casa de tiros: o estranho caso do Dr. Edmund Forster e Adolf Hitler Thirty days at the shooting house: the strange case of Dr. Edmund Forster and Adolf Hitler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Lewis

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Em 1918, em um hospital militar da reserva situado na pequena cidade pomerânia de Pasewalk, o neuropsiquiatra Prof. Edmund Forster tratou de um cabo austríaco chamado Adolf Hitler, que apresentava uma neurose de guerra (cegueira histérica, utilizando-se de técnicas terapêuticas sugestivas. Logo após a ascensão de Hitler ao poder na Alemanha nazista, em 1933, o Prof. Forster reuniu-se com um grupo de escritores alemães exilados em Paris e secretamente passou a eles informações sobre o caso. O escritor Ernst Weiss, também médico, mais tarde utilizou tais informações para escrever seu romance A Testemunha Ocular, que, porém, só seria publicado em 1963. Em circunstâncias estranhas, o Prof. Forster cometeu suicídio após uma campanha difamatória sistemática articulada pelos nazistas em 1933. Weiss também cometeu suicídio em 1940, quando as tropas alemãs invadiram Paris. A Gestapo também assassinou diversas outras pessoas envolvidas no prontuário médico de Hitler.In 1918, in a military reserve hospital located in the small pomeranian town of Pasewalk, the neuropsychiatrist Prof. Edmund Forster treated an Austrian caporal called Adolf Hitler, suffering from a war neurosis (hysterical blindness, by means of suggestive techniques. Soon after the Hitler's ascension to the power in the Nazi Germany, in 1933, Dr. Forster met with a group of exiled writers living in Paris and secretly gave them information about the case. The writer Ernst Weiss, also he a physician, latter used this information in order to produce his novel "The Eye Witness", which would be published only in 1963. In strange circumstances, Prof. Forster committed suicide after successive defamatory statements in 1933. Weiss also committed suicide in 1940, when German troops invaded Paris. The Gestapo murdered several other persons involved in the Hitler's medical chart.

  11. Estudo comparativo dos óleos voláteis de algumas espécies de Piperaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J.M.O. Mesquita

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho teve por objetivo a análise comparativa dos óleos voláteis de espécies da família Piperaceae. As espécies estudadas foram as seguintes: Piper aduncum, P. amalago, P. arboreum, P. cernuum, P. hispidum, P. regnelii, P. submarginalum, P. vicosanum e Pothomorphe umbellata. A análise dos óleos voláteis foi efetuada pela combinação de técnicas de Cromatografia de Fase Gasosa (CG e de Cromatografia de Fase Gasosa acoplada a Espectrometria de Massa (CG/EM. A porcentagem de identificação dos constituintes nas análises dos óleos voláteis de Piper aduncum, P. amalago, P. vicosanum, P. submarginalum e Pothomorphe umbellata, atingiu valores superiores a 80%. Houve predominância de compostos de natureza sesquiterpênica nas composições químicas das espécies analisadas, com exceção de P. hispidum, P. submarginalum e P. vicosanum onde a predominância na composição foi de monoterpenos. Pelos dados apresentados observou-se que, dentre os compostos majoritários, os mais freqüentes, nas 9 espécies estudadas, foram beta-pineno (9/9 e espatulenol (9/9, seguidos por E-cariofileno (8/9, óxido de cariofileno (8/9, germacreno D (7/9, alfa-pineno (7/9 e limoneno (6/9. Pela primeira vez se relata a composição dos óleos voláteis de P. submarginalum e P vicosanum.

  12. Caqui cv. 'Mikado': análise de compostos voláteis em frutos adstringentes e destanizados

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maristella Martineli

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do presente trabalho foi determinar os compostos voláteis em frutos de caqui Mikado adstringentes e destanizados, em dois períodos de armazenamento, utilizando microextração em fase sólida (MEFS, fibra DVB/CAR/PDMS por cromatografia gasosa acoplada à espectrometria de massas (CG-EM. A partir dos resultados foi possível observar diferenças na composição volátil em frutos adstringentes e destanizados de caqui Mikado, com perdas em ambas as amostras. A remoção da adstringência com exposição ao álcool promoveu aumento dos voláteis no 1o dia após a destanização. Os compostos voláteis de caqui Mikado são representados, majoritariamente, por hidrocarbonetos terpênicos, seguidos de ésteres de cadeia linear.

  13. The Petrology of the Wong Tei Tung Stone Tool Manufacturing Site, Sham Chung, Hong Kong Sar, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vin Davis

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available The Wong Tei Tung archaeological site was discovered in 2003. Two periods have been proposed: an earlier period dating to around 40,000 years bp, and a later period dating to around 7000 years bp, but these dates should be treated cautiously. Initially, reported research found a few traits of the Wong Tei Tung assemblage to be similar to South-east Asia lithics, especially the short axe and Sumatralith cores. It has been reported that the Wong Tei Tung assemblage is a lithic cluster of certain 'techno-complex' implements rather than an archaeological culture; it offers a glimpse of lithic manufacturing in adaptation to its particular coastal environment. The published evidence points to a production of stone tools that considerably exceeded anticipated immediate local need. It is likely, therefore, that products from the site were distributed widely across the Zhujiang Estuary (Pearl River area and beyond (Fig. 1: map. This article presents the results of initial investigations into the geological setting of the site; provides new petrographic descriptions using data obtained from thin sections and geochemical analyses; and makes tentative comparisons with similar archaeological stone tool manufacturing sites in Britain.

  14. Ideological and artistic values of the painting of the Mother of God by Adolf Hyła according to a design by Bl. Paula Zofia Tajber

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benignus Józef Wanat

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The subject of the analysis is a picture of the Mother of God painted as the Immaculate in full form, in two versions, differing in the symbols of the Holy Trinity. Both paintings were made according to a preliminary design, which had been performed in pastels on carton. Artist Adolf Hyła painted them according to an account by Mother Paula Zofia Tajber, founder of the Gathering of the Most Holy Soul of Our Lord Jesus, who on 13 September 1953 had a vision in which Our Lady appeared to her in the gathering's original chapel in Prądnik Biały.

  15. Determinação de voláteis produzidos durante o processamento por radiação em ervas alimentícias e medicinais

    OpenAIRE

    Débora Christina Salum

    2008-01-01

    Com o intuito de proteger o alimento de microorganismos patogênicos, como também aumentar a vida de prateleira preservando propriedades sensoriais (ex. odor e paladar), uma vez que essas propriedades são as mais requisitadas pelo consumidor, é necessário analisar a formação dos voláteis de especiarias e ervas medicinais após a irradiação. O objetivo do presente trabalho foi analisar a formação de voláteis após irradiação de Laurus Cinnamomum, Piper Nigrum, Origanum Vulgare e Myristica Fragans...

  16. Análise qualitativa de compostos voláteis do headspace de carne cozida de ovinos e caprinos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jossiê Zamperetti Donadel

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo teve como objetivo caracterizar qualitativamente os compostos voláteis (CV do headspace de diferentes músculos de carne cozida de ovinos e caprinos da região do Alto Camaquã, Rio Grande do Sul - Brasil. Os CV do headspace dos músculos cozidos, L. dorsi e V. lateralis de cinco ovinos machos (idade de 6 meses e cinco cabritos machos castrados (idade de 8-9 meses foram analisados pela técnica de microextração em fase sólida (HS-SPME e cromatógrafo a gás acoplado a espectrômetro de massas (GC/MS. Foram encontrados 73 compostos voláteis, dentre eles aldeídos, cetonas e compostos sulfurados, característicos de carne processada termicamente. A partir da fração volátil, foi possível encontrar marcadores que discriminassem as espécies animais estudadas, caracterizando os caprinos por apresentarem, entre outros compostos, terpenos (β-pineno, α-gurjuneno, α-muuroleno, ausentes em ovinos. Alguns compostos discriminaram V. lateralis e L. dorsi de ovinos, como álcool isopropílico, α-pineno, o-xileno, porém não foi possível obter uma diferenciação entre os músculos de caprinos.

  17. Value of tissue Doppler-derived Tei index and two-dimensional speckle tracking imaging derived longitudinal strain on predicting outcome of patients with light-chain cardiac amyloidosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Dan; Hu, Kai; Herrmann, Sebastian; Cikes, Maja; Ertl, Georg; Weidemann, Frank; Störk, Stefan; Nordbeck, Peter

    2017-06-01

    Prognosis of patients with light-chain cardiac amyloidosis (AL-CA) is poor. Speckle tracking imaging (STI) derived longitudinal deformation parameters and Doppler-derived left ventricular (LV) Tei index are valuable predictors of outcome in patients with AL-CA. We estimated the prognostic utility of Tei index and deformation parameters in 58 comprehensively phenotyped patients with AL-CA after a median follow-up of 365 days (quartiles 121, 365 days). The primary end point was all-cause mortality. 19 (33%) patients died during follow-up. Tei index (0.89 ± 0.29 vs. 0.61 ± 0.16, p < 0.001) and E to global early diastolic strain rate ratio (E/GLSR dias ) were higher while global longitudinal systolic strain (GLS sys ) was lower in non-survivors than in survivors (all p < 0.05). Tei index, NYHA functional class, GLS sys and E/GLSR dias were independent predictors of all-cause mortality risk, and Tei index ≥0.9 (HR 7.01, 95% CI 2.43-20.21, p < 0.001) was the best predictor of poor outcome. Combining Tei index and GLS sys yielded the best results on predicting death within 1 year (100% with Tei index ≥0.9 and GLS sys ≤13%) or survival (95% with Tei index ≤0.9 and GLS sys ≥13%). We conclude that 1-year mortality risk in AL-CA patients can be reliably predicted using Tei index or deformation parameters, with combined analysis offering best performance.

  18. Angoff, Ebel ve Nedelsky Yöntemleriyle Belirlenen Kesme Puanlarının Sınıflama Tutarlılıklarının Karşılaştırılması

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seçil ÖMÜR

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In this study, cutoff scores’ classification consistency indices calculated by Angoff, Ebel and Nedelsky methods and different rater numbers were examined. The participants of the study were 30 raters; 6 expert in the field working at Mersin university and 24 English teachers working at different goverment schools in 2009-2010 academic year; and 176 students, 8th grade secondary school students studying at private courses in Mersin. Cuting scores were calculated with the mentioned methods after the raters scored. The results of the study showed that there were not any significant difference in the cutting scores and also the highest clasification consistency indice of three methods and three different rater numbers was observed via Nedelsky methods.

  19. O senso de pertencimento de deficientes visuais em relação aos pisos táteis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Ricardo Ross

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa investiga a relação entre a utilização de pisos táteis e a conquista de mais liberdade, mais autonomia das pessoas com deficiência visual. Pretende-se compreender se a apropriação desse recurso para o deslocamento “mais livre e mais autônomo” implica o desenvolvimento do senso de pertencimento das pessoas cegas à sociedade, como cidadãos e como sujeitos de direito e de encontros. A pesquisa toma especificamente os modelos de pisos táteis empregados nos calçamentos de duas vias públicas, localizadas no centro da cidade: Rua XV de Novembro e Avenida Marechal Deodoro, sendo a primeira uma via exclusiva para pedestres, no trecho investigado, e a segunda destinada ao tráfego de veículos. Essas vias representam diferentes funções sociais e econômicas na cidade de Curitiba, as quais serão discutidas em relação aos modelos de pisos táteis aí construídos. A rua XV de Novembro representa o espaço do encontro das pessoas, a circulação para fins de lazer, a via de passagem e de ligação entre as Praças Santos Andrade e Osório, o espaço de visualização panorâmica dos principais acontecimentos, a circulação de pessoas de diferentes idades e classes sociais. Já a Avenida Marechal Deodoro é destinada ao trânsito de pessoas com o interesse de aquisição de produtos e serviços. Conceber espaços que contemplem o homem vitruviano consiste no desafio da inclusão urbana. Espaços acessíveis às diferentes formas de manifestação humana constituem um direito inalienável da pessoa para o exercício de sua liberdade fundamental de ir e vir, sua autonomia e sua independência como um sujeito. As entrevistas realizadas com pessoas com deficiência visual revelam a precarização e a insuficiência das estruturas arquitetônicas já conquistadas. Denunciam os limites à plena usabilidade e os obstáculos ao pertencimento à cidade, as barreiras para a subjetivação e apropriação do espaço urbano como

  20. Ágai, Adolf: "Az örök zsidó. Régi naplók, életképek (1862-1906" [The Eternal Jew: Old Diaries and Life Sketches (1862-1906

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Mandler

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Ágai, Adolf. Az örök zsidó. Régi naplók, életképek (1862-1906 [The Eternal Jew: OldDiaries and Life Sketches (1862-1906]. Budapest-Jerusalem: Múlt és Jövő Kiadó,2010. Reviewed by David Mandler, Stuyvesant High School, New York City.

  1. The Emergence of Physical Education as a Subject for Compulsory Schooling in the First Half of the Nineteenth Century: The Case of Phokion Heinrich Clias and Adolf Spiess

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebekka Horlacher

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available In general, schooling and nation-building are associated with the unifying role of language and history education, since language and culture are perceived as fundamental pillars of the nation. Less discussed—at least regarding the curriculum—is the role of physical education, even if physical education was a highly political issue in the first decades of the nineteenth century. Based on a case study of Switzerland and textbooks for physical education by Adolf Spiess and the activities of Phokion Heinrich Clias for the Bernese school, this article discusses how physical education, distinct from the late seventeenth and eighteenth centuries’ care for the body, became a school subject of the nineteenth century compulsory schools and how it was related to the notion of nation and nation-building. It argues that physical education became first part of the “modern” philanthropic education and schooling, was soon taken for granted as an essential curricular component of nation-building and lost thereby the political threat.

  2. Deconstructing the myth of Pasewalk: Why Adolf Hitler’s psychiatric treatment at the end of World War I bears no relevance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Armbruster

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Even more than 70 years after the end of WW II, questions regarding the personality of dictator Adolf Hitler (1889-1945 remain unresolved. Among them, there is a focus on the problem of his state of mental health, in particular on the possible relevance of the medical treatment he received for a war injury at the military hospital of the small German town of Pasewalk in the last days of WW I. Some authors have come to postulate a profound change of his personality due either to a psychic trauma suffered or a hypnotic therapy he supposedly underwent for curing a hysterical blindness. Objectives The assumptions about Hitler’s war injury which rely on only two significant sources shall be assessed for their validity. Methods Existing historical sources and inferred hypotheses will be discussed in the light of alternative interpretations. Results The mentioned suppositions reveal their highly arbitrary character: neither a hysterical blindness of Hitler’s nor a hypnotic treatment at Pasewalk military hospital can be substantiated. Discussion Given the fact that Hitler’s medical sheet is most likely irrevocably lost, the authors plea for the acceptance of the limitations of historical research, even more so since the occurrences in Pasewalk lack any deeper importance for a historic assessment of Hitler’s personality.

  3. Volatile profile and sensory quality of new varieties of Capsicum chinense pepper Perfil de voláteis e qualidade sensorial de novas variedades de pimentas Capsicum chinense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deborah dos Santos Garruti

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to compare the sensory quality and the volatile compound profile of new varieties of Capsicum chinense pepper (CNPH 4080 a strain of'Cumari-do-Pará' and BRS Seriema with a known commercial variety (Biquinho. Volatiles were isolated from the headspace of fresh fruit by SPME and identified by GC-MS. Pickled peppers were produced for sensory evaluation. Aroma descriptors were evaluated by Check-All-That-Apply (CATA method, and the frequency data were submitted to Correspondence Analysis. Flavor acceptance was assessed by hedonic scale and analyzed by ANOVA. BRS Seriema showed the richest volatile profile, with 55 identified compounds, and up to 40% were compounds with sweet aroma notes. CNPH 4080 showed similar volatile profile to that of Biquinho pepper, but it had higher amounts of pepper-like and green-note compounds. The samples did not differ in terms of flavor acceptance, but they showed differences in aroma quality confirming the differences found in the volatile profiles. The C. chinense varieties developed by Embrapa proved to be more aromatic than Biquinho variety, and were well accepted by the judges.O objetivo deste estudo foi comparar a qualidade sensorial e o perfil de compostos voláteis de novas variedades de pimenta Capsicum (CNPH 4080, uma linhagem de cumari-do-pará, e BRS Seriema, com uma variedade comercial (Biquinho. Voláteis foram isolados do headspace dos frutos in natura por SPME e identificados por CG-EM. Conservas das pimentas foram produzidas para a análise sensorial. Descritores do aroma foram avaliados pelo método Check-All-That-Apply (CATA e os dados de frequência submetidos à Análise de Correspondência. A aceitação do sabor das amostras foi analisada por meio de ANOVA. A BRS Seriema apresentou rico perfil de voláteis, com 53 compostos identificados, sendo que cerca de 40% deles são compostos de aroma doce. A CNPH 4080 apresentou perfil semelhante ao da pimenta Biquinho, por

  4. Estudo eletroquímico e computacional de inibidores voláteis de corrosão adsorvidos sobre zinco

    OpenAIRE

    Teixeira, Deiver Alessandro [UNESP

    2014-01-01

    O presente estudo avaliou inibidores voláteis de corrosão (VCI) do grupo amino, mais especificamente a etanolamina, ciclohexilamina, diciclohexilamina e s eus respectivos sais benzoatos e caprilatos, para a prevenção de processos corrosiv os na superfície metálica do zinco. Para tanto foram utilizados métodos computa cionais em modelagem molecular, experimentais por medida de potencial em circuito aberto, espectroscopia de impedância eletroquímica, testes em câmara úmida segundo no rmas inter...

  5. Determination of the Accuracy of Echocardiographic Parameters Mitral Inflow S/D Ratio and Tei Index to Detect Left Ventricular Dysfunction in Pediatric Patients with Mitral Regurgitation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Hossein Arjmandnia

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Background and Objectives: Congenital heart diseases are one of the most common anomalies in infancy. This study was performed aimed to determine the accuracy, sensitivity and specificity of the left ventricular Tei index (TX and the systolic to diastolic duration ratio (S/D to detect ventricular dysfunction in pediatric pediatrics with congenital heart defect accompanied by mitral regurgitation.Methods: In this study, systolic and diastolic function of left ventricle was evaluated by TX and S/D ratio parameters in 66 children with mitral regurgitation (34 children with normal ventricular function and 32 patients with ventricular dysfunction and the results were compared to the findings of echocardiography. Tei index>0.5 was defined as abnormal.Results: The accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive values of S/D ratio were obtained 89.3%, 87.5%, 91%, 90% and 88.5%, respectively and for TX, 87.8%, 87.5%, 88.2%, 87.5% and 88.2%, respectively.Conclusion: The results of this study showed that in general, accuracy, sensitivity, specificity, predictive values, and likelihood ratios of TX are less than those of S/D ratio in patients with congenital heart defect accompanied by mitral regurgitation.

  6. Determination of photoionization cross-sections of different organic molecules using gas chromatography coupled to single-photon ionization (SPI) time-of-flight mass spectrometry (TOF-MS) with an electron-beam-pumped rare gas excimer light source (EBEL): influence of molecular structure and analytical implications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eschner, Markus S; Zimmermann, Ralf

    2011-07-01

    This work describes a fast and reliable method for determination of photoionization cross-sections (PICS) by means of gas chromatography (GC) coupled to single-photon ionization mass spectrometry (SPI-MS). Photoionization efficiency (PIE) data for 69 substances was obtained at a photon energy of 9.8 ± 0.4 eV using an innovative electron-beam-pumped rare gas excimer light source (EBEL) filled with argon. The investigated analytes comprise 12 alkylbenzenes as well as 11 other substituted benzenes, 23 n-alkanes, ten polyaromatic hydrocarbons, seven aromatic heterocycles, and six polyaromatic heterocycles. Absolute PICS for each substance at 9.8 eV are calculated from the relative photoionization efficiencies of the compounds with respect to benzene, whose photoionization cross-section data is well known. Furthermore, a direct correlation between the type of benzene substituents and their absolute PICS is presented and discussed in depth. Finally, comparison of previously measured photoionization cross-sections for 20 substances shows good agreement with the data of the present work.

  7. Assessment of the left ventricular function in patients with rheumatic heart disease combining with quantitative tissue velocity imaging and Tei index

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lin Yingzi

    2011-01-01

    Objective: To evaluate the clinical value of quantitative tissue velocity imaging (QTVI) and Tei index in detecting left ventricle longitudinal myocardial systolic function in patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis. Methods: 34 patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis (MS) and 36 healthy volunteers were examined by QTVI. The systole peak motion velocity (Vs) of mitral annulus on septum, lateral wall, anterior wall, inferior wall, anterior septum and posterior wall was measured respectively. The interval period of mitral annulus motion was obtained and the Tei index was calculated. Results: The left ventricular ejection fractions (LVEF) was 64.9 ±7.01%, 68.0 ± 6.81% for MS group and the control group. There was no significant difference between the two groups (P>0.05). The systole peak motion velocity (Vs) of mitral annulus on septum, lateral wall, anterior wall, inferior wall, anterior septum and posterior wall was 4.07 ± 1.44 cm/s, 5.33 ±1.72 cm/s, 4.89 ±1.71 cm/s, 4.28 ±1.21 cm/s, 3.94 ± 1.46 cm/s, 5.19 ±1.81 cm/s respectively and average velocity (AV) of mitral valve annulus was 4.61 ± 1.62 cm/s in MS group. The systole peak motion velocity (Vs) of mitral annulus on septum, lateral wall, anterior wall, inferior wall, anterior septum and posterior wall was 6.11 ± 0.96 cm/s, 8.74 ±1.40 cm/s, 8.45 ±1.33 cm/s, 6.59 ± 0.94 cm/s, 6.01 ± 1.25 cm/s, 7.70 ±1.46 cm/s respectively and average velocity (AV) of mitral valve annulus was 7.27 ±1.63 cm/s in the control group. Compared with the control group, Vs and AV of mitral valve annulus is MS group decreased dramatically and had significant difference (P<0.01). Moreover, compared with Tei index of the control group (0.21 ±3.47), Tei index of the MS group (0.50 ±0.12) had greatly increased and had significant difference (P<0.01). Conclusion: Sub-clinical damage of systolic function of the left ventricle in patients with rheumatic mitral stenosis could not be detected by LVEF. Combined use QTVI and Tei

  8. Compostos voláteis de três cultivares de manga (Mangifera indica L. Volatile composition of three cultivars of mango (Mangifera indica L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.R.B. Franco

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Os compostos voláteis de três cultivares de manga (Haden, Tommy-Atkins e Keitt procedentes do Estado de São Paulo, foram isolados por uma técnica de headspace dinâmico, envolvendo sucção em polímero poroso. A separação da mistura complexa de voláteis foi efetuada por cromatografia gasosa de alta resolução. Alguns compostos voláteis foram identificados por cromatografia gasosa-espectrometria de massas e índices de Kovats. Os hidrocarbonetos monoterpênicos foram os compostos mais abundantes no headspace das amostras. Car-3-eno foi o componente majoritário dos cultivares Haden e Keitt, enquanto a Tommy-Atkins mostrou predominância de car-3-eno e alfa-pineno. Outros compostos identificados foram alfa-fencheno, alfa-canfeno, p-cimeno, beta-mirceno, beta-felandreno, limoneno, alfa-terpinoleno, beta-cariofileno e alfa-humuleno. Os três lotes analisados para cada cultivar mostraram grande homogeneidade, não havendo diferença significativa ao nível de 5%.The volatile compounds of three mango cultivars (Haden, Tommy-Atkins and Keitt, from the State of São Paulo, were isolated by a dynamic headspace technique involving suction on a porous polymer. The complex mixture of volatile compounds was separated by high-resolution gas chromatography. Some volatiles were identified by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry and Kovats Indices. The monoterpene hydrocarbons were the most abundant in the headspace of the fruits. Car-3-ene was the major component of the cultivars Haden and Keitt, while the Tommy Atkins mango exhibited predominance of two constituents, car-3-ene and alpha-pinene. Other identified compounds were alpha-fenchene, alpha-camphene, p-cimene, beta-mircene, beta-phellandrene, limonene, alpha-terpinolene, beta-caryophyllene e alpha-humulene. Samples of the same cultivar demonstrated great homogeneity, with no statistically significant difference being observed among the three lots analyzed for each cultivar.

  9. A Whiter Shade of Grey: A new approach to archaeological grey literature using the XML version of the TEI Guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gail Falkingham

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available This article has arisen through the author's interest in two contemporary issues within archaeology: the production and dissemination of grey literature and the potential of XML. Grey literature is examined, with specific reference to unpublished reports literature produced in the present climate of developer-funded archaeology in England. There are concerns about the accessibility of this literature, both from within and beyond the archaeological profession. The vast majority of reports are word-processed and then printed in hard-copy format for limited distribution. The original, digital document however, has largely been seen as a by-product. Awareness of the importance of these digital reports, and their preservation must be raised. Electronic means of delivery and dissemination via the World Wide Web offer huge potential and present opportunities for new ways of working. Archaeology is not alone in seeking to promote the accessibility of grey literature; indeed there are many disciplines that have created online initiatives aiming to do just this, utilising a variety of means and a range of electronic file formats. The use of XML technology appears to offer many advantages over traditional formats, such as word-processed, PDF and even (XHTML files, particularly with regard to the manipulation and presentation of encoded electronic text. Increasingly, XML technology is being used for electronic delivery and dissemination and the pros and cons of so doing are discussed in this article. This theme has been developed by the author through a 'proof of concept' practical case study of three unpublished grey literature archaeology reports from the North Yorkshire Historic Environment Record. XML documents have been created from the original word-processed electronic reports by the manual application of XML markup, the methodology for which was devised following the XML version of the Text Encoding Initiative's TEI P4 Guidelines. The level of

  10. Equilíbrio líquido-vapor de solventes na presença de solutos não voláteis

    OpenAIRE

    Parente, Bruno Miguel Ramos

    2009-01-01

    Neste trabalho estudou-se o efeito da adição de alguns sais e líquidos iónicos no equilíbrio líquido-vapor (ELV) de algumas misturas importantes na indústria química, tais como etanol + água, 1-propanol + água, 2-propanol + água, acetona + metanol, acetato de metilo + metanol e clorofórmio + etanol. O conjunto de solutos não voláteis estudados é formado por Ca(NO3)2, CuCl2, NaI, KI, LiNO3, LiCl, NaSCN, KCH3COO, CaCl2, [BMIM][Cl] e [EMIM][triflate]. Em primeiro lugar, realizo...

  11. Concepção e estudo de um biofiltro para tratamento de compostos orgânicos voláteis COVs

    OpenAIRE

    Alves, Marileide Moraes

    2005-01-01

    Na ultima década, a purificação biológica de rejeitos gasosos tem sido uma importante alternativa em detrimento dos métodos convencionais de tratamento. Mais recentemente, a biofiltração tem se mostrado um método efetivo e de baixo custo para tratamento de ar contaminado com compostos orgânicos voláteis (COVs). O biofiltro é um reator que possui um leito filtrante constituído por um material poroso, onde estão fixados os microrganismos. Durante o processo de biofiltração, o ar poluído é trans...

  12. Influência do estresse e do gênero sobre a produção de compostos sulfurados voláteis e biomarcadores salivares

    OpenAIRE

    Patricia Oliveira de Lima

    2014-01-01

    Resumo: Além de doenças orais, o estresse e o ciclo menstrual também têm sido relacionados à produção de compostos sulfurados voláteis (CSV), principais gases responsáveis pela halitose. O objetivo deste trabalho foi investigar a relação entre alterações emocionais, associadas a atividades acadêmicas, e produção de CSV, por meio da determinação do nível de estresse, fluxo salivar, concentrações salivares de cortisol, IgA secretória (IgAs), proteínas totais, beta-defensina - 2 (β-defensin...

  13. Adolf Kussmaul and Kussmaul's sign

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Navreet Singh

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Kussmaul's has provided us with three important signs: Pulses paradoxus, Kussmaul's sign and Kussmaul Breathing. This article discusses Kussmaul's sign, its discovery, first description, pathophyiology and exceptions.

  14. Constituintes voláteis de cafés "gourmet" e mole do cerrado do triângulo mineiro em função da torra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nascimento Evandro Afonso do

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho foi estudada a variação da composição dos voláteis de dois cafés "gourmet" e de um café mole em função do grau de torrefação. Os cafés provenientes de Araguari, cerrado do Triângulo Mineiro, foram submetidos à torra americana (grãos marrons claros, média (grãos marrons e forte (grãos pretos e, em seguida, moídos e submetidos a uma destilação por arraste de vapor em contra-corrente com diclorometano. A análise de cromatografia gasosa acoplada à espectrometria de massas (CG-EM dos constituintes voláteis mostrou que piridina, pirazina e derivados, furfural e derivados são os principais constituintes voláteis dos cafés analisados. Mostrou ainda que não é possível diferenciar os três tipos de café pelos compostos dominantes (concentração acima de 1% no aroma. Foi observado também que a torra afeta sensivelmente os resultados, sendo que a torra americana, usada normalmente na prova da xícara para classificação sensorial de cafés, produz alguns voláteis de forte impacto no aroma que não aparecem na torra média nem na forte, além de apresentar concentrações dos componentes mais comuns muito diferentes daquelas observadas nas outras duas torras.

  15. Projeções, projetos e projéteis: o nome de 'África' e a subjetivação imperial em \\"Lágrimas Do Sol\\" (2003)

    OpenAIRE

    Marcelo R. S. Ribeiro

    2008-01-01

    RIBEIRO, Marcelo Rodrigues Souza. Projeções, projetos e projéteis: o nome de 'África' e a subjetivação imperial em \\"Lágrimas do Sol\\" (2003)\\". In: HAMBURGER, Esther; SOUZA, Gustavo; MENDONÇA, Leandro; AMANCIO, Tunico. (Org.). Estudos de Cinema SOCINE. 1 ed. São Paulo: Annablume; Fapesp; Socine, 2008, v. , p. 199-207.

  16. The Junkyard in the Jungle: Transnational, Transnatural Nature in Karen Tei Yamashita’s Through the Arc of the Rain Forest

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Begoña Simal

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available In this new millennium the relatively young field of ecocriticism has had to face important transdisciplinary, transnational, and transnatural challenges. This article attempts to demonstrate how two of the major changes that environmental criticism is currently undergoing, the transnational turn and the transnatural challenge, have both been encoded in Through the Arc of the Rain Forest (1990, the first novel published by Karen Tei Yamashita. I particularly focus on a significant episode in Through the Arc of the Rain Forest, when a peculiar anthropogenic ecosystem is discovered, and interpret it according to Leo Marx’s classic paradigm of “the machine in the garden.” I intend to prove that Yamashita’s novel not only revisits the old master theory but also revamps it by destabilizing the classic human-nature divide inherent in first-wave ecocriticism and by adding the transnational ingredient. Thus, the machine-in-the-garden paradigm is updated in order to incorporate the broadening of current environmental criticism, both literally (globalization and conceptually (transnatural nature. While at times Marx’s paradigm may metamorphose in intriguing ways, the old trope also corroborates its continuing validity. Though filtered by the sieve of globalization and shaken by the emergence of cyborg ecosystems, “the machine in the garden” has survived as a compelling ecocritical framework, even if it occasionally mutates into a junkyard in the jungle.

  17. Consumidor de Dispositivos Eletrônicos Portáteis: O Efeito Moderador do Perfil do Adotante na Intenção de Compra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Washington Romão dos Santos

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Considerando o crescimento constante observado nos últimos anos dos dispositivos eletrônicos enquanto facilitadores de transações comerciais, sobretudo no segmento B2C, com o objetivo de melhor compreender as relações entre a percepção de valor e a efetiva aquisição de um produto ou serviço pelo consumidor, este paper apresenta os resultados de um estudo que explora o perfil do adotante de inovações como possível moderador na relação entre o Valor Percebido e a Intenção de Compra de produtos eletrônicos portáteis (smartphones, tablets, ultrabooks e leitores de e-books. Trata-se de uma pesquisa quantitativa com uma amostra de 350 respondentes coletada por snowball sampling no Facebook e posteriormente avaliada por meio da Modelagem de Equações Estruturais (SEM. Os resultados confirmam a relação do Valor Percebido na Intenção de Compra além de sustentar a influência moderadora do Perfil do Adotante sobre essa relação. Dentre as variáveis antecedentes relacionadas à adoção de tecnologia, vale destacar que a Facilidade de Uso Percebida, a Complexidade Percebida e o Risco Percebido não apresentaram efeito significativo sobre o Valor Percebido. Por fim, os resultados da pesquisa indicam que as organizações devem procurar desenvolver ações de acordo com os diferentes perfis de consumidor. 

  18. Frugivoria e dispersão de sementes pelo lagarto teiú Tupinambis merianae (Reptilia: Teiidae Frugivory and seed dispersal by the tegu lizard Tupinambis merianae Reptilia: Teiidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Everaldo Rodrigo de Castro

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Os lagartos teiús possuem uma dieta generalista, podendo agir como importantes dispersores de sementes em florestas semidecíduas do sudeste do Brasil. Foram estudadas a frugivoria e a dispersão de sementes de lagartos teiús usando animais em cativeiro, através da oferta de frutos de uma floresta semidecídua. Frutos de trinta espécies vegetais foram oferecidos aos lagartos em cativeiro, com diâmetro variando de 0,81 a 10,0 cm. Não foram encontradas diferenças estatísticas na germinação entre as sementes que passaram pelo trato digestivo do lagarto e as controle de Eugenia uniflora (chi²= 0.69, P>0.50, Genipa americana (chi²= 6.4, P>0.975, Cereus peruvianus (chi²= 0.018, P>0.10, e Solanum viarum (chi²= 6.23, P>0.975. O tempo de retenção da semente no tubo digestivo do teiú variou de 22 a 23 h para Solanum lycocarpum e 43 a 44 h para Syagrus romanzoffiana. Nossos resultados indicam que o lagarto teiú tem potencial para agir como um importante dispersor de sementes nos trópicos.Tegu lizards have a generalist diet and may play an important role as seed dispersers in semideciduous forests in south-east Brazil. We studied the frugivory and seed dispersal of tegu lizards using captive animals and offering wild fruits from a semideciduous forest. Thirty fruit species were eaten by the lizards in captivity, ranging from 0.81 to 10.0 cm (fruit diameter. Even large fruit adapted to dispersal by large mammals were swallowed (ex. Syagrus oleracea. There were no statistical differences in seed germination between seeds that passed through the lizard gut and the control in Eugenia uniflora (chi2 = 0.69, P>0.50, Genipa americana (chi2 = 6.4, P>0.975, Cereus peruvianus (chi2 = 0.018, P>0.10, and Solanum viarum (chi2 = 6.23, P>0.975. Seed retention time in the tegu gut ranged from 2224 h (Solanum lycocarpum to 4344 h (for Syagrus romanzoffiana. Our results indicate that tegu lizards have a potential to be an important seed dispersers in the

  19. Tratamento da periodontite agressiva e alterações nos compostos sulfurados voláteis = Treatment of aggressive periodontitis and alterations on volatile sulfur compounds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moreno, Tatiana

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o efeito do tratamento periodontal na produção de compostos sulfurados voláteis (CSV em pacientes com periodontite agressiva. Foram incluídos 17 indivíduos (13-26 anos com pelo menos um molar/incisivo com profundidade de sondagem (PS e perda de inserção (PI = 4 mm. O tratamento foi realizado em duas fases: tratamento da gengivite (controle de placa supragengival por 14 dias, e da periodontite (raspagem e alisamento radicular subgengival. Placa visível, sangramento gengival, PS e PI foram avaliados no início, após tratamento da gengivite, 3 e 6 meses após tratamento da periodontite. CSV foram medidos nos mesmos momentos com um monitor portátil de CSV (Halimeter. Alterações foram comparadas ao longo do estudo através do teste de Friedman. Associações entre variáveis clínicas e alterações nos CSV foram avaliadas com correlação de Pearson (r. Níveis de placa e gengivite reduziram significativamente ao longo dos 6 meses. Houve reduções significativas do início para o final do estudo em PS (3,2 ± 0,8 mm para 2,3 ± 0,3 mm; p < 0,001 e PI (1,6 ± 1,0 mm para 1,3 ± 0,9 mm; p < 0,001. Os níveis de CSV se mostraram reduzidos ao longo do estudo e não se alteraram significativamente (medianas: 34 ppb inicial, 36 ppb após controle de placa, 57 ppb 3 meses, 18 ppb 6 meses; p = 0,197. Indivíduos com maiores percentuais de placa antes do tratamento da periodontite demonstraram maiores reduções de CSV após o mesmo (r = 0,54; p = 0,024. Conclui-se que o tratamento periodontal não levou a alterações nos níveis de CSV em pacientes com periodontite agressiva

  20. ESTUDO DOS CONSTITUINTES MACROMOLECULARES, EXTRATIVOS VOLÁTEIS E COMPOSTOS FENÓLICOS DA MADEIRA DE CANDEIA – Moquinia polymorpha (LESS. DC.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Regina de Lima

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Neste estudo, foram analisados os principais componentes químicos da madeira da Moquinia polymorpha (LESS. DC., conhecida como candeia ou cambará, nativa da região Sul de Minas Gerais. A composição química dessa madeira foi: 47,5% de α-celulose, 25,4% de hemiceluloses A e B, 24,0% de lignina, 73,2% de holocelulose, 3,82% de extrativos em etanol:cicloexano (1:1, v v-1, 3,21% em etanol e 4,04% em água quente. Nos compostos voláteis identificados, destacaram-se: α-curcumeno, α-diidroturmerona, β-diidroturmerona, cedranol, 1-ciclopentil-3-[2,4-dimetil-fenil]propano. A análise dos fenóis totais foi conduzida com base nos extratos metanol-água (MA e acetona-água (AA, em que esse último apresentou maior rendimento. O teor de fenóis totais foi determinado pelos métodos Folin-Ciocalteau e Azul da Prússia modificado. No método Folin-Ciocalteau, foram encontrados 0,93 mg g-1 de madeira para o extrato MA e 1,56 para o extrato AA e no método azul da Prússia modificado, foram determinados 2,74 mg g-1 de madeira para o extrato MA e 4,42 para o extrato AA. O teor de proantocianidinas foi determinado pelos métodos da vanilina e n-butanol:ácido. No método n-butanol:ácido, foram encontrados 0,012 mg g-1 de madeira para o extrato MA e 0,017 para o extrato AA e, no método da vanilina, foram determinados 0,29 mg g-1 de madeira para o extrato MA e 0,58 para o extrato AA. Não foram detectados 3-deoxi-proantocianidinas.

  1. Fin Yūru tei

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munch, Anders V.; Ottensten, Lizette

    Introduction to the architecture, interior design and design items of the Danish designer Finn Juhl's own house, built 1942 in Ordrup, north of Copenhagen. The interior setting is interpreted on the background of Juhl's many writings on design.......Introduction to the architecture, interior design and design items of the Danish designer Finn Juhl's own house, built 1942 in Ordrup, north of Copenhagen. The interior setting is interpreted on the background of Juhl's many writings on design....

  2. Volatile profile of heated soybean oil treated with quercetin and chlorogenic acid Perfil de compostos voláteis do óleo de soja aquecido e tratado com quercetina e ácido clorogênico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Leão de Miranda

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Changes in the profile of volatile compounds after the heating of refined soybean oil without adding antioxidants, and treated with quercetin and chlorogenic acid (5-CQA were investigated by GC/FID, GC/MS, and GC/SNIFFING. The heating temperature of the oil sample was 20 °C for the first minute, and then it was increased up to 160 °C at the rate of 10 °C min-1. The final temperature was kept for 10 minutes. 19 volatiles were identified in the heated samples without antioxidants. Medium-chain carbonyls predominated in the volatile fraction, mainly 2-heptenal, 2,4-heptadienal and 2,4-decadienal. Around 11 to 15 volatile compounds were detected in the heated samples treated with 5-CQA and quercetin, respectively. 5-CQA was not very efficient in delaying the formation of oxidative volatile compounds. The samples quercetin presented lower proportion of carbonyls with C6-C9.. The GC peak area data were used as an approach to estimate the relative content of each volatile compound and indicate that the samples treated with quercetin (p As alterações no perfil de compostos voláteis, após o aquecimento de óleo de soja refinado sem a adição de antioxidantes e tratado previamente com quercetina e ácido clorogênico (5-ACQ, foram investigadas através da CG/DIC, CG/EM e CG/SNIFFING. A temperatura de aquecimento do óleo foi de 20 °C no primeiro minuto e aumentada até 160 °C à taxa de 10 °C min-1. A temperatura final foi mantida por 10 minutos. Um total de 19 compostos voláteis foi identificado nas amostras aquecidas sem a adição de antioxidantes. As carbonilas de cadeia média predominaram na fração volátil. Cerca de 15 e 11 compostos voláteis foram detectados no óleo aquecido com adição prévia de quercetina e 5-ACQ, respectivamente. As amostras tratadas com quercetina mostraram uma menor proporção de carbonilas com esqueletos de carbono C6-C9. A composição estimada de compostos voláteis mostrou que amostras tratadas com

  3. Influência do dióxido de enxofre e cultivares de videira na formação de alguns compostos voláteis e na qualidade sensorial do destilado de vinho

    OpenAIRE

    SALTON,Marco Antonio; DAUDT,Carlos Eugenio; RIZZON,Luiz Antenor

    2000-01-01

    Com o objetivo de estudar o efeito do SO2 e das cultivares de videira - Herbemont, Couderc 13, Trebbiano e Isabel - na composição química e na qualidade sensorial do destilado de vinho, efetuaram-se microvinificações e posterior destilação dos vinhos na safra de 1996. As análises dos compostos voláteis foram feitas através de cromatografia gasosa e a avaliação sensorial dos destilados foi efetuada pelo grupo de degustação da Embrapa Uva e Vinho. Os resultados mostraram que o SO2 favoreceu a f...

  4. Defect Tolerance to Intolerance in the Vacancy-Ordered Double Perovskite Semiconductors Cs 2 SnI 6 and Cs 2 TeI 6

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Maughan, Annalise E.; Ganose, Alex M.; Bordelon, Mitchell M.; Miller, Elisa M.; Scanlon, David O.; Neilson, James R.

    2016-07-13

    Vacancy-ordered double perovskites of the general formula, A2BX6, are a family of perovskite derivatives composed of a face-centered lattice of nearly isolated [BX6] units with A-site cations occupying the cuboctahedral voids. Despite the presence of isolated octahedral units, the close-packed iodide lattice provides significant electronic dispersion, such that Cs2SnI6 has recently been explored for applications in photovoltaic devices. To elucidate the structure-property relationships of these materials, we have synthesized the solid solution Cs2Sn1-xTexI6. However, even though tellurium substitution increases electronic dispersion via closer I-I contact distances, the substitution experimentally yields insulating behavior from a significant decrease in carrier concentration and mobility. Density functional calculations of native defects in Cs2SnI6 reveal that iodine vacancies exhibit a low enthalpy of formation and the defect energy level is a shallow donor to the conduction band, rendering the material tolerant to these defect states. The increased covalency of Te-I bonding renders the formation of iodine vacancy states unfavorable, and is responsible for the reduction in conductivity upon Te substitution. Additionally, Cs2TeI6 is intolerant to the formation of these defects, as the defect level occurs deep within the band gap and thus localizes potential mobile charge carriers. In these vacancy-ordered double perovskites, the close-packed lattice of iodine provides significant electronic dispersion, while the interaction of the B- and X-site ions dictates the properties as they pertain to electronic structure and defect tolerance. This simplified perspective -- based on extensive experimental and theoretical analysis -- provides a platform from which to understand structure-property relationships in functional perovskite halides.

  5. Dispositivos Eletrônicos Portáteis: Interferências nos instrumentos de comunicação e navegação das aeronaves / Portable Electronic Devices: Interference in navigation and communication systems of aircrafts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Pedro de França Santos

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Resumo Propósito – Analisar as interferências nos instrumentos de comunicação e navegação das aeronaves causadas por dispositivos eletrônicos portáteis. Metodologia – Este artigo apresenta uma abordagem sobre o método de funcionamento dos dispositivos eletrônicos portáteis, uma pesquisa exploratória das regulamentações brasileiras e internacionais, bem como uma análise de quais são os instrumentos passíveis de interferência e quais os efeitos dessas interferências. Resultados – As interferências existem e podem ser evitadas. Cada país possui as suas regras de utilização e também os responsáveis por permitir e fiscalizar o uso destes dispositivos abordo de aeronaves. Implicações práticas – Os resultados nos mostram as diferentes formas de regulamentação no mundo apesar dos dispositivos serem iguais no mundo todo. Abstract Purpose – To analyze interferences on navigation and communication systems caused by portable electronic devices. Methodology – This article tackles the operation method of the portable electronic device, exploratory research of Brazil’s regulation and other countries, as well as lists instruments that can be under the effect of those interferences. Findings – Interferences exist and they can be avoided. Each country has its usage rules and those responsible for allowing and supervise the use of these devices onboard aircraft. Practical implications – The findings show us the different ways of regulating worldwide the same portable electronic devices.

  6. Spiritual Pathology: The Case of Adolf Hitler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. George Scarlett

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Hitler had a noble purpose (to save the world and a strong faith in the laws of Nature as he understood Nature. He was, then, a spiritual person, though his spirituality was pathological and destructive. Here, the example of Hitler, his faith, and his spiritual pathology is given to both understand spiritual pathology in general and, through contrast, to understand positive spiritual development.

  7. Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    compulsory military service in the Prussian army for a year. When he returned to his ..... Piloty had to go for compulsory military service during World War I. He was killed in. 1915 during a fight at the ..... part of the celebrations and the Chicago River flows with green water with yellow fluorescence for some time on that day.

  8. Kai Adolf Jensen, professor i almindelig patologi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Høiby, Niels

    2016-01-01

    . In 1941, during the German occupation of Denmark in 1940-1945, he isolated a penicillin-producing Penicillium mold, which Leo Pharmaceutical Company used in the production of penicillin, and consequently Danish patients could be treated during the war. Soon thereafter, Danish penicillin was exported...

  9. Spiritual Pathology: The Case of Adolf Hitler

    OpenAIRE

    W. George Scarlett

    2012-01-01

    Hitler had a noble purpose (to save the world) and a strong faith in the laws of Nature as he understood Nature. He was, then, a spiritual person, though his spirituality was pathological and destructive. Here, the example of Hitler, his faith, and his spiritual pathology is given to both understand spiritual pathology in general and, through contrast, to understand positive spiritual development.

  10. From Adolf Hitler to Saddam Hussein

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raw, G.M. [British Coal Corporation (United Kingdom). Trentham Colliery

    1994-01-01

    This paper gives the history of the Bickershaw Colliery number 4 winder from 1938-1992. The electrification of number 4 shaft winding engine in 1938, included some large civil constructions which was said to have been carried out by a German company which, due to the increasing political turmoil between Great Britain and Germany, did not get paid for their work. The winder, from 1938-1992, had a varied and sometimes disastrous existence but, nevertheless, was in constant use up to the colliery closure and eventual demolition in 1992. Several major changes were made to Bickershaw number 4 winder, starting with the original installation prior to 1938, up to the installation of a modern rationalised winder in 1987. 8 figs., 1 tab.

  11. Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    discovery was important for the dye industry and BASF made huge profits. In 1901, Johannes Pfleger, Chemist and Head of experimental department of Degusa Company, modified Heumann's 1890 synthesis of indigo, which greatly improved the yield. Pfleger used, in addition to sodium hydroxide in Scheme 21, potassium.

  12. Estudos dos compostos orgânicos voláteis precursores de ozônio na cidade de São Paulo Studies of the volatile organic compounds precursors of ozone in São Paulo city

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Débora Souza Alvim

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available O ozônio é o principal problema de poluição do ar na cidade de São Paulo. Este estudo, que foi realizado em uma estação de monitoramento da qualidade do ar da Companhia de Tecnologia de Saneamento Ambiental (CETESB, enfoca a elucidação dos principais compostos orgânicos voláteis precursores de ozônio na atmosfera paulistana. Foram coletadas 36 amostras nos meses de agosto e setembro de 2006, nos quais o consumo de etanol era de aproximadamente 50% nesta época. Foram quantificadas 69 espécies de compostos orgânicos voláteis, nos quais os dez compostos mais importantes na formação de O3 foram: 1-buteno (6,8%, eteno (6,5%, formaldeído (6,1%, acetaldeído (5,5%, tolueno (4,8%, 1-etil-4-metilbenzeno (3,7%, trans-2-penteno (3,7%, propeno (3,7%, trans-2-buteno (3,5% e 1-metilciclopenteno (3,5%. As classes mais abundantes em concentração no ar foram: alcanos (45%, alcenos (26%, aromáticos (14%, aldeídos (13% e alcadienos (2%.Ozone is the main problem of air pollution in the city of São Paulo. This study, which was carried out in the Brazilian Basic Sanitation Engineering Company (CETESB, acronym in Portuguese monitoring station of air quality, focused on the elucidation of the main volatile organic compounds ozone precursors in São Paulo atmosphere. Thirty-six samples were collected in August and September 2006, when the consumption of ethanol was about 50%, 69 species of volatile organic compounds were quantified, the ten major urban pollutants compounds in the formation of O3 were: 1-butene (6.8%, ethylene (6.5%, formaldehyde (6.1%, acetaldehyde (5.5%, toluene (4.8%, 1-ethyl-4-methylbenzene (3.7%, trans-2-pentene (3.7%, propylene (3.7%, trans-2-butene (3.5%, and 1-methylcyclopentene (3.5%. The most abundant classes of air concentration were: alkanes (45%, alkenes (26%, aromatics (14%, aldehydes (13%, and alkadyenes (2%.

  13. Estudo descritivo do perfil das vítimas com ferimentos por projéteis de arma de fogo e dos custos assistenciais em um hospital da Rede Viva Sentinela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Roberto Maciel

    Full Text Available Resumo OBJETIVO: descrever o perfil das vítimas com ferimentos causados por projéteis de armas de fogo (PAF e o custo dos atendimentos em uma instituição de referência no Centro-Oeste brasileiro pertencente à Rede Viva Sentinela. MÉTODOS: foi realizado estudo descritivo, com amostra por conveniência, no período de janeiro a março de 2013; as fontes de dados foram entrevista, prontuários dos participantes e o departamento de estatística do hospital. RESULTADOS: participaram 150 vítimas, entre as quais predominaram indivíduos do sexo masculino (94,7%, jovens (67,3% e usuários de álcool/drogas (80,0%; o principal motivo desses incidentes foi o tráfico/dívidas de drogas (45,3%; o custo médio foi de R$1.291,93 por atendimento. CONCLUSÃO: a maioria das vítimas por PAF eram homens jovens, usuários de álcool/drogas, e o envolvimento com o tráfico foi o motivo mais frequente da vitimização; o custo médio assistencial desses pacientes foi elevado.

  14. Análise dos compostos voláteis da aguardente de cana por concentração dinâmica do "headspace" e cromatografia gasosa-espectrometria de massas The analysis of volatile compounds from Brazilian sugar cane spirit by dynamic headspace concentration and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian Carneiro da Cunha Nóbrega

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available Os compostos voláteis da aguardente de cana foram extraídos por meio da concentração dinâmica do "headspace" em armadilhas contendo Tenax-TA e analisados por cromatografia gasosa-espectrometria de massas. Cerca de 100 compostos voláteis, com número de carbonos que variavam de 5 a 18, foram detectados. Destes, 22 foram selecionados, sendo 18 ésteres, com base nas suas quantidades no extrato ou nas suas características sensoriais obtidas na literatura. Os compostos presentes em maiores quantidades foram o 3-metil-1-butanol (álcool isoamílico, 1,1-dietoxi-etano (acetaldeído dietil acetal e os ésteres acetato de 3-metilbutila, hexanoato de etila, octanoato de etila, decanoato de etila e dodecanoato de etila. Dentre os compostos identificados em menor quantidade, destacou-se, devido a sua natureza química, o composto sulfurado 4,5-de-hidro-2-metil-3(2H-tiofenona. Esta é a primeira vez que este e outros compostos voláteis são reportados em aguardente de cana. Conclui-se que a metodologia empregada neste trabalho permitiu a identificação de compostos voláteis da fração C5-C18, que potencialmente contribuem para o aroma da aguardente de cana.The volatile compounds of Brazilian sugar cane spirit, the fermented and distilled juice of sugar cane, were extracted by dynamic headspace concentration on Tenax-TA trap and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Approximately 100 volatile compounds with carbon number ranging from 5 to 18 were detected. Among these, 18 esters and 4 compounds from other chemical classes were selected for this work on the basis of their quantity in the extract or their sensory qualities obtained from literature. The major compounds identified were 3-methyl-1-butanol (isoamyl alcohol, 1,1-diethoxy-ethane (acetaldehyde diethyl acetal and the esters 3-methylbutyl acetate, ethyl hexanoate, ethyl octanoate, ethyl decanoate and ethyl dodecanoate. In minor quantities, potentially important aroma compounds

  15. Evaluation of noni (Morinda citrifolia volatile profile by dynamic headspace and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry Avaliação do perfil de voláteis em noni (Morinda citrifolia por headspace dinâmico e cromatografia gasosa-espectrometria de massas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Sousa

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Noni is a fruit that has interested the scientific community due to its medicinal and functional activities. Different products that contain noni are already in the market, but their consumption could be impaired by their distinctive unpleasant aroma and flavor. The aim of this work was to evaluate the noni pulp volatile profile by dynamic headspace and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Thirty seven volatile compounds were detected, mainly alcohols (63.3%, esters (26.9%, cetones (7.4%, and acids (1.2%.O noni é um fruto que tem interessado à comunidade científica por sua atividade funcional e medicinal. Já se encontram no mercado diferentes produtos que contêm noni em sua composição, mas seu consumo tem sido prejudicado por seu aroma e sabor desagradáveis. O objetivo deste trabalho foi o de avaliar o perfil de voláteis da polpa de noni pela técnica de headspace dinâmico e cromatografia gasosa-espectrometria de massas. Foram detectados 37 compostos voláteis, sendo os principais: alcoóis (63,3%, ésteres (26,9%, cetonas (7,4% e ácidos (1,2%.

  16. Atratividade de adultos de Chrysoperla externa (Hagen, 1861 aos compostos voláteis de coentro, endro e erva-doce (Apiaceae em condições de laboratório

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Luis Santos Resende

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Espécies de Apiaceae dispõem de óleos essenciais, nos quais podem ocorrer compostos voláteis, que funcionam como sinais para atração e manutenção de inimigos naturais nas áreas cultivadas. Com base nestas características, este trabalho objetivou avaliar a atratividade aos adultos do predador Chrysoperla externa. Foram utilizados folhas e caules de coentro, endro e erva-doce, coletados aos 30 e 60 dias após a semeadura. As plantas foram dispostas em olfatômetro de quatro vias (formato de "X" disponibilizando-se os odores para machos e fêmeas, virgens e acasalados, em testes de livre escolha. Ao serem liberados individualmente no interior do olfatômetro, foram cronometrados cinco minutos e contabilizado o tempo total de permanência do inseto em cada braço do aparelho. Os dados foram analisados pelo teste c², com frequência esperada de 25%. Estudou-se o rendimento de óleo essencial das três espécies de plantas, 30 e 60 dias após a semeadura, utilizando-se do método de hidrodestilação. A composição química dos óleos foi determinada por cromatografia gasosa acoplada a espectrômetro de massas. Verificou-se que adultos virgens têm preferência por plantas de coentro, enquanto os acasalados preferem plantas de erva-doce, ambas coletadas aos 30 dias. Plantas com 60 dias não proporcionaram resposta atrativa aos adultos de C. externa. O rendimento de óleo tendeu a aumentar com o desenvolvimento fenológico da planta. A composição química do óleo de coentro revelou, como componentes majoritários, o (2E-decenal e decanal e, para erva-doce, a maior concentração foi de (E-anetol.

  17. Aspectos fisiológicos e caracterização da toxidez de ácidos orgânicos voláteis em plantas Physiological aspects and characterization of volatile organic acids toxicity on plants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Anastácio de Oliveira Camargo

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available O manejo de resíduos orgânicos sob condições anaeróbias pode, durante a fase inicial do processo metabólico, levar à formação de ácidos orgânicos voláteis (C1-C4, cuja atividade fitotóxica determina perdas substanciais à produção vegetal. A caracterização da fitoxidez desses ácidos foi o objetivo da presente revisão. O tipo e quantidade dos ácidos produzidos durante o processo dependem, basicamente, da quantidade e qualidade do resíduo adicionado, sendo a fitotoxidez diretamente relacionada ao comprimento da cadeia de carbonos e concentração dos ácidos e ao pH do meio em que se encontram. Os principais efeitos estão associados à inibição da germinação e da expansão radicular, como resultado de lesões causadas ao tecido meristemático da radícula ou de limitações à respiração, conduzindo à inibição da divisão celular.Volatile organic acids (C1-C4 can be build up during the first stages of metabolic process under anaerobic conditions of organic residues management. The phytotoxicity can leads to significant losses of crop production. The phytotoxicity of this acids was the aim of this revision. The type and amount of acids produced during the process are basically dependent on the amount and quality of the residue and the phytoxicity is directly related to the length of C compounds, to the acid concentration, and to the soil solution pH. The main effects, as germination inhibition and root expansion, are related to damaged root meristematic tissue or respiration inhibition and consequently leading to inhibition of cell division.

  18. POLPA DE CITROS E DE MILHO E A PRODUÇÃO DE ÁCIDOS GRAXOS VOLÁTEIS NO RÚMEN CITRUS AND CORN PULP RELATED TO RUMEN VOLATILE FATTY ACIDS PRODUCTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruben Ramos Rocha Filho

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de avaliar os efeitos da polpa de citros e do milho sobre as condições ruminais, estes alimentos substituíram parte da silagem de milho em rações para vacas leiteiras em lactação. Foram utilizadas 4 vacas holandesas providas de cânula ruminal, 5 períodos e 5 dietas experimentais em um delineamento estatístico em Quadrado Latino Incompleto. Amostras de fluido ruminal foram coletadas 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 e 24 horas após a alimentação para determinação de ácidos graxos voláteis. A produção de ácido acético foi maior (p0,05. Nestas condições experimentais os resultados sugerem que a polpa de citros pode ser utilizada em substituição ao volumoso causando alterações desejáveis nas condições ruminais. Os efeitos do milho sobre o padrão de fermentação ruminal são característicos de um alimento concentrado. A associação do milho com a polpa de citros é uma alternativa para minimizar estes efeitos.The present work was conducted to evaluate the effects of citrus pulp and corn in when partially replacing corn silage in lactating dairy cattle rations. Four Holstein volatile fatty acids production, cows with ruminal cannula were used for five periods and five experimental rations in an Incomplete Latin Square experimental design. Ruminal fluid samples were collected at 0, 2, 4, 6, 8 and 24 hours after feeding, to determine volatile fatty acids. The production of acetic acid was higher (p0,05. Under these experimental conditions, the results suggested that citrus pulp could replace the roughage resulting in desirable changes in the ruminal conditions. The effects of corn in ruminal fermentation pattern were typical of a concentrated feed. The association of corn with citrus pulp is an alternative option to minimize effects.

  19. THE ACTIO~ AT SA~()FO~TEI~

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    firers, under the Command of Lt F. B. Adler; one machine gun section of two guns of the 1st S.A.M.R., commanded by Lieut W. E. Butler, and three Troops of the 3rd Squadron 1st S.A.M.R. under Capt. P. E. Hale"° with subaltern Officers in Lieuts.

  20. NITROSAMINAS VOLÁTEIS EM ALIMENTOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. B. DUTRA

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available

    Nitrosaminas são compostos potencialmente carcinogênicos para o homem, as quais podem ocorrer em alimentos como produto da reação entre aminas secundárias e agentes nitrosantes. Neste artigo de revisão são fornecidas informações sobre os aspectos toxicológicos, epidemiológicos, presença em alimentos e legislação sobre estes compostos.

  1. Monsters and Clowns Incorporated: the Representations of Adolf Hitler in British and American WWII Propaganda Posters Monstres, clowns et compagnie : les représentations d’Hitler dans les affiches de propagande britanniques et américaines pendant la Seconde Guerre mondiale

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cécile Vallée

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Dans les affiches de propagande britanniques et américaines de la Seconde Guerre mondiale, les représentations d’Adolf Hitler font de lui soit un monstre effrayant, sanguinaire et diabolique, soit un clown grotesque, un pantin ridicule et risible, une cible qu’il faut frapper, écraser, ou détruire d’une façon ou d’une autre. S’adressant au sens de l’humour du spectateur, à ses peurs ou à son aversion, les artistes de propagande des deux côtés de l’Atlantique utilisent des leviers émotionnels et des tons très variés pour faire du dictateur nazi un des ressorts principaux de la participation à l’effort de guerre. Ces caricatures d’Hitler, dont l’objectif final était d’encourager la production et les économies ou de lutter contre les bavardages intempestifs, révèlent une condamnation morale ou politique et font partie de la propagande de soutien au moral, qui vise à galvaniser les Troupes de l’Intérieur en présentant la victoire comme quelque chose de vital ou d’inéluctable. Qu’il soit monstre ou clown, on fait tomber le dictateur déshumanisé de son piédestal, un piédestal si soigneusement construit pour lui par la propagande nazie.

  2. Compostos voláteis dos frutos de maracujá (Passiflora edulis forma Flavicarpa e de cajá (Spondias mombin L. obtidos pela técnica de headspace dinâmico Volatile compounds in passion fruit (Passiflora edulis forma Flavicarpa and yellow mombin (Spondias mombin L. fruits obtained by dynamic headspace technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nerendra Narain

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Entre as inúmeras frutas tropicais e subtropicais produzidas no Brasil, duas que se destacam do ponto de vista do aroma da polpa são maracujá amarelo (Passiflora edulis forma Flavicarpa e cajá (Spondias mombin L.. Os voláteis da polpa destas frutas foram capturados pela técnica de headspace dinâmico e analisados no sistema de cromatografia gasosa de alta resolução e espectrometria de massa. Foram identificados 48 e 33 compostos voláteis na polpa de maracujá e cajá, respectivamente. Os compostos voláteis predominantes na polpa de maracujá pertenceram às classes de ésteres (59,24%, aldeídos (15,27%, cetonas (11,70% e álcoois (6,56%, enquanto na polpa de cajá as principais classes de compostos foram de ésteres (48,76%, álcoois (21,69%, aldeídos (11,61% e cetonas (4,19%. Outros compostos aromáticos característicos foram para maracujá: beta-ionona e linalol e para cajá: gama-octalactona e ácidos butírico e hexanóico.Among the numerous tropical and sub-tropical fruits produced in Brazil, two that attain relatively greater importance from the point of view of aroma of their pulp are yellow passion fruit (Passiflora edulis forma Flavicarpa and yellow mombin (Spondias mombin L.. The volatile components in the pulp of these fruits were captured by dynamic headspace technique and were analyzed in a system of high-resolution gas chromatography and mass spectrometry. Forty-eight and thirty-one volatile compounds were identified in passion fruit and yellow mombin fruit pulp, respectively. The predominant volatile compounds in passion fruit pulp belonged to the classes of esters (59.24%, aldehydes (15.27%, ketones (11.70% and alcohols (6.56% while in the yellow mombin pulp, the principal classes of compounds were esters (48.76%, alcohols (21.69%. aldehydes (11.61% and ketones (4.19%. The other characteristic aroma compounds for passion fruit were beta-ionone and linalool and for yellow mombin were gamma-octalactone, butanoic and

  3. Captura de Rhynchophorus palmarum L. (Coleoptera: curculionidae em armadilhas iscadas com o feromônio de agregação e compostos voláteis de frutos do abacaxi Trap catches of Rhynchophorus palmarum L. (Coleoptera: curculionidae baited with its aggregation pheromone and volatile compounds from pineapple

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Guimarães Duarte

    2003-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi determinar os índices de captura de Rhynchophorus palmarum em armadilhas iscadas com o feromônio de agregação, 6-metil-2(E-hepten-4-ol (rincoforol, associado a toletes de cana-de-açúcar, a pedaços de frutos do abacaxi e a seis compostos voláteis isolados de frutos do abacaxi. Os compostos voláteis do abacaxi são caracterizados por uma mistura de ésteres metílicos e etílicos, sendo o octanoato de metila e o octanoato de etila os mais abundantes. As armadilhas iscadas com o rincoforol associado a toletes de cana-de-açúcar e as iscas com rincoforol associado a pedaços de abacaxi não apresentaram diferenças significativas no número de besouros capturados. No entanto, ambas apresentaram índices de captura superiores àquelas em que o rincoforol foi utilizado em associação com voláteis do abacaxi. Não se observaram efeitos significativos do local e época de captura, nem no número de machos e de fêmeas capturados.The aim of this work was to investigate the capture of Rhynchophorus palmarum in traps baited with its aggregation pheromone, 6-methyl-2(E-hepten-4-ol (rhynchophorol, in association with sugar cane, pieces of pineapple fruit, and six volatile compounds from pineapple. A mixture of methyl and ethyl esters, being methyl octanoate and ethyl octanoate the most abundant, characterizes the volatile compounds from pineapple fruits. Traps baited with rhynchophorol in association with sugar cane and those baited with rhynchophorol in association with pieces of pineapple, showed no significant differences in the number of trapped weevils. However, both traps caught significantly more weevils, than those baited with rhynchophorol in association with pineapple volatiles. There were no significant effects from place and time or in the number of male and female weevils trapped.

  4. Identificação de compostos voláteis da cúrcuma empregando microextração por fase sólida e cromatografia gasosa acoplada à espectrometria de massas Identification of volatile compounds of turmeric using solid phase microextraction and gas chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana R. Mata

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Compostos voláteis da cúrcuma (Curcuma longa L. cultivada no Brasil foram isolados por microextração por fase sólida. Os rizomas foram cozidos em solução de bicarbonato de sódio 0,1%, fatiados, secos e triturados. Visando estabelecer o sistema ideal para a microextração, fibras de polidimetilsiloxano de 100µm de espessura foram expostas ao headspace de frascos de 10mL. Estudou-se a influência das seguintes variáveis sobre o rendimento dos compostos voláteis obtidos: amostras em pó (0,1 a 1,0g e em solução (40mg/L, diferentes temperaturas (40 a 70ºC e tempos (2 a 20min de partição. O efeito da temperatura (210 a 240ºC e do tempo (3 e 5min de dessorção também foi avaliado. As melhores condições para a partição dos compostos voláteis foram 0,1g do pó, 70ºC e 5min. A temperatura de 220ºC e o tempo de 5 minutos foram os de maior eficiência para a dessorção. A cromatografia gasosa foi conduzida em coluna capilar, detecção por ionização de chama e identificação por espectrometria de massas. A análise dos espectros de massas obtidos para os nove compostos voláteis predominantes indicou a presença de ar-curcúmeno, ar-turmerona, zingibereno, beta-sesquifelandreno, sabineno, 1,8-cineol e 1,4-terpineol.Volatile compounds from turmeric (Curcuma longa L. cultived in Brazil were isolated by solid phase microextraction. The rhizomes were cooked in 0.1% sodium bicarbonate solution, sliced, dried and ground. Polydimethyldiloxanes fibers (100 mm diameter were exposed to the headspace of 10 mL flasks with the aim of establishing an ideal microextraction system. The influence of the following parameters on the volatile substances obtained was studied: powder samples (0.1 to 1.0 g and dissolved samples (40 mg/L, different temperatures (40 to 70ºC and partition periods (2 to 20 min. The effect of temperature (210 to 240ºC and time (3 to 5 min on desorption efficiency was also evaluated. Optimum conditions for the

  5. Influência do dióxido de enxofre e cultivares de videira na formação de alguns compostos voláteis e na qualidade sensorial do destilado de vinho Influence of sulfur dioxide and grape varieties at the formation of some volatile compounds and at the sensory quality of the wine distillate

    OpenAIRE

    Marco Antonio SALTON; Carlos Eugenio DAUDT; Luiz Antenor RIZZON

    2000-01-01

    Com o objetivo de estudar o efeito do SO2 e das cultivares de videira - Herbemont, Couderc 13, Trebbiano e Isabel - na composição química e na qualidade sensorial do destilado de vinho, efetuaram-se microvinificações e posterior destilação dos vinhos na safra de 1996. As análises dos compostos voláteis foram feitas através de cromatografia gasosa e a avaliação sensorial dos destilados foi efetuada pelo grupo de degustação da Embrapa Uva e Vinho. Os resultados mostraram que o SO2 favoreceu a f...

  6. Absorption and metabolism of volatile fatty acids by rumen and omasum Absorção e metabolismo de ácidos graxos voláteis pelo rúmen e omaso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Luiz Pratti Daniel

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Volatile fatty acids (VFA absorption and metabolic capacity of rumen and omasum were compared, in vitro. Fragments of rumen wall and omasum laminae were taken from eight adult crossbred bovines. An isolated fragment of the mucosa was fitted in a tissue diffusion chamber. Valeric acid and CrEDTA were added to ruminal fluid and placed on the mucosal side and buffer solution was placed on the serosal side. Fractional absorption rates were measured by exponential VFA:Cr ratio decay over time. Metabolism rate was determined as the difference between VFA absorbed and VFA which appeared on the serosal side over time. Mitotic index was higher in omasum (0.52% than in rumen epithelium (0.28%. VFA fractional absorption rate was higher in omasum (4.6%/h.cm² than in rumen (0.4%/h.cm². Acetate, propionate, butyrate, and valerate showed similar fractional absorption rates in both fragments. Percentage of metabolized acetate and propionate was lower than butyrate and valerate in both stomach compartments. In the rumen, individual VFA metabolism rates were similar (mean of 7.7 , but in the omasum, valerate (90.0 was more metabolized than butyrate (59.6 propionate (69.8 and acetate (51.7 . Correlation between VFA metabolism and mitotic index was positive in the rumen and in the omasum. In conclusion, VFA metabolism and absorption potential per surface of the omasum is higher than that of the rumen. Variations on rumen and omasum absorption capacities occur in the same way, and there are indications that factors capable of stimulating rumen wall proliferation are similarly capable of stimulating omasum walls.A capacidade de absorção e metabolismo de ácidos graxos voláteis (AGV pelo rúmen e omaso foi comparada, in vitro. Fragmentos da parede do rúmen e das lâminas do omaso foram coletados de oito bovinos mestiços adultos. Um fragmento isolado da mucosa foi colocado em uma câmara de difusão tecidual. Ácido valérico e CrEDTA foram adicionados ao fluido

  7. Sensory evaluation of black instant coffee beverage with some volatile compounds present in aromatic oil from roasted coffee Análise sensorial de bebida preparada com café instantâneo com alguns compostos voláteis presentes no óleo aromático de café torrado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Lopes de Oliveira

    2009-03-01

    influence with respect to flavour.O óleo do café torrado Brasileiro obtido através de extração com CO2 supercrítico mostrou consideráveis propriedades aromáticas, constituído principalmente por cinco compostos aromáticos: 2-metilpirazina; 2-furfuril álcool, 2,5-dimetilpirazina; γ -butirolactona e 2-furfuril acetato. Análises sensoriais foram usadas para verificar a influência da mistura destas importantes classes de compostos aromáticos de café (pirazinas, furanos e lactonas e do óleo aromático de café torrado no aroma e sabor de bebidas preparadas com café solúvel instantâneo liofilizado e seco por spray dryer. Na análise da aceitação do aroma, a amostra preparada com café liofilizado sem a mistura de compostos voláteis (amostra 4 não diferiu da amostra de café liofilizados com adição de óleo (amostra 5 nem tão pouco da amostra de café liofilizado com adição da mistura dos cinco voláteis (amostra 3, coincidentemente oriundas do mesmo processo de secagem. Entretanto a amostra 3 não diferiu das amostras preparadas com café seco por spray dryer sem (amostra 1 e com (amostra 2 a mistura de voláteis. Indicando que a adição desta mistura, com relação a este atributo não interfere na aceitação desta bebida. Na avaliação do sabor, as amostras preparadas com café solúvel liofilizado enriquecida com óleo aromático (5 e as amostras com (3 e sem (4 a mistura dos cinco voláteis não diferiram significativamente, entretanto a amostra (4 não diferiu das amostras (1 e (2. Para este atributo, a adição do óleo aromático de café torrado ou da mistura de voláteis nas amostras de café liofilizado fez com que tivessem uma melhor aceitação que aquelas secas por spray dryer (1 e (2. Desta forma, o enriquecimento das bebidas com o óleo aromático de café torrado, ou mesmo com a mistura dos cinco componentes não influenciou a aceitação do consumidor com relação ao aroma, mas exerce influência com relação ao sabor.

  8. Conversion of hydroxycinnamic acids into volatile phenols in a synthetic medium and in red wine by Dekkera bruxellensis Transformação de ácidos hidroxicinâmicos em fenóis voláteis em meio sintético e em vinho tinto por Dekkera bruxellensis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria João Cabrita

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The conversion of p-coumaric acid, ferulic acid, and caffeic acid into 4-ethylphenol, 4-ethylguaiacol and 4-ethylcatechol was studied in Dekkera bruxellensis ISA 1791 under defined conditions in a synthetic medium and in a red wine. Liquid chromatography (HPLC-DAD was used to quantify the phenolic acids, and gas chromatography (GC coupled to a FID detector was used to quantify volatile phenols using a novel analytical methodology that does not require sample derivatization. Identification was achieved by gas chromatography-mass detection (GC-MS. The results show that phenolic acids concentration decreases while volatile phenols concentration increases. The proportion of caffeic acid taken up by Dekkera bruxellensis is lower than that for p-coumaric or ferulic acid; therefore less 4-ethylcatechol is formed. More important, 4-ethylcathecol synthesis by Dekkera bruxellensis in wine has never been demonstrated so far. These results contribute decisively to a better understanding of the origin of the volatile phenols in wines. The accumulation of these compounds in wine is nowadays regarded as one of the key factors of quality control.A transformação do ácido p-cumárico, ácido ferúlico e ácido cafeico em 4-etilfenol, 4-etilguaiacol e 4-etilcatecol foi estudada na presença de Dekkera bruxelensis ISA 1791, sob condições controladas, em meio sintético e em vinho tinto. Os compostos fenólicos foram doseados por cromatografia em fase líquida (HPLC-DAD e os fenóis voláteis foram doseados por cromatografia em fase gasosa (GC com detector de ionização de chama (FID, recorrendo a uma metodologia que não requer prévia derivatização da amostra. A identificação dos compostos foi comprovada por espectrometria de massa (GC-MS. Os resultados demonstram que os teores em ácidos fenólicos diminuem enquanto se observa um aumento dos teores em fenóis voláteis. O ácido cafeico é dos três ácidos em estudo, o menos utilizado pela levedura, da

  9. Degradação do polipropileno durante a extrusão e a geração de compostos orgânicos voláteis Polypropylene degradation during extrusion and the formation of volatile organic compounds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos A. Cáceres

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Estudou-se a degradação de um polipropileno copolímero não estabilizado durante a extrusão a diferentes temperaturas (de 180 a 240 °C e a conseqüente geração de compostos orgânicos voláteis (VOC. Os VOC foram coletados por meio de um condensador de gases, conectado na zona de desgaseificação da extrusora, e analisados por espectrometria no infravermelho (FTIR-ATR. A degradação do polímero foi acompanhada através da cromatografia de exclusão por tamanho e FTIR. À temperatura de 180 °C a degradação do polipropileno não gerou quantidades coletáveis de compostos orgânicos voláteis. Por outro lado, a partir de 200 °C houve geração de compostos olefínicos, não voláteis à temperatura ambiente, que aumentaram em quantidade com o aumento da temperatura de extrusão. A Função de Distribuição de Cisão de Cadeia (CSDF mostrou que a baixas temperaturas, 180 e 200 °C, o mecanismo de degradação do polipropileno é preferencialmente por cisão de cadeia com alguma ramificação e/ou reticulação. Entretanto, nas temperaturas de extrusão mais altas, 220 e 240 °C, o mecanismo de degradação envolve exclusivamente cisão de cadeia e do tipo preferencial, ou seja, o número de cisões aumenta com o aumento da massa molar inicial da cadeia polimérica original.The thermo-mechanical degradation of an unstabilized polypropylene copolymer during extrusion at different temperatures (from 180 to 240 °C and the production of volatile organic compounds (VOC were studied. VOC's were collected via a volatile condenser, fitted at the degassing exit of the extruder and analyzed via infrared spectroscopy (FTIR-ATR. The polymer degradation was followed via size exclusion chromatography and FTIR. At low extrusion temperatures (180 °C the PP degradation produces undetectable quantities of VOC's. On the other hand, starting from 200 °C, there is the formation of olefinic compounds of molecular weight not volatile at room temperature

  10. Did Adolf Hitler have syphilis? | Retief | South African Medical Journal

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    South African Medical Journal. Journal Home · ABOUT · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 95, No 10 (2005) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads. Username, Password, Remember me, or Register · Download this PDF file. The PDF file you selected should load here if your ...

  11. (Eds.). Lviv in the era of Adolf and Henryk Beck

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zayachkivska, O.; Walentowska, W.M.; Coenen, A.M.L.

    2016-01-01

    Each generation of students and professors of the Medical Faculty of Lviv University, now known as Danylo Halytsky Lviv National Medical University, makes a considerable contribution to the development of world science through dedicated service to the ideals of truth, education, reputable and

  12. "... to ne ja, to notsh nezhna ..." / Adolf Käis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Käis, Adolf, 1946-2013

    1999-01-01

    Moskva "Teatr Lunõ" külalisetendused Tallinnas 15. ja 16. juunil Vene Draamateatris. Mängitakse Francis Scott Fitzgeraldi romaani "Sume on öö" instseneeringut. Instseneerija ja lavastaja Sergei Prohhanov, kunstnik Leonid Podossenov

  13. Compuestos volátiles libres y enlazados glicosídicamente en la pulpa de la uva Caimarona (Pourouma cecropiifolia Mart. Compostos voláteis livres e enlaçados glicosídicamente na polpa da uva Caimarona (Pourouma cecropiifolia Mart.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Constanza Barrios Guio

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Los componentes volátiles presentes en la pulpa de la uva Caimarona se estudiaron mediante GC-MS. Éstos se extrajeron por tres técnicas: evaporación del aroma asistida con solvente (Solvent Assisted Flavour Evaporation SAFE, extracción continua líquido-líquido (LL y destilación por arrastre con vapor-extracción simultanea con solvente orgánico (DES. En general los componentes volátiles predominantes en la pulpa fueron alcoholes alifáticos y terpénicos. Las notas olfativas del extracto SAFE fueron descritas como floral tenue y verde herbal similares a las exhibidas por la pulpa fresca. Este extracto presentó como componentes mayoritarios linalol 1,2-propanodiol y salicilato de metilo. En contraste, el extracto LL presentó notas que recuerdan la uva pasa y el vino moscatel y sus componentes mayoritarios fueron el ácido acético, el salicilato de metilo y el 2,6-dimetil-2(Z,7-octadien-1,6-diol. El extracto DES fue descrito con notas fresca, floral, cereal y amargo y está constituido por un reducido número de componentes mostrando el efecto negativo de la temperatura en la extracción; sus componentes mayoritarios fueron 1,2-propanodiol, linalol y salicilato de metilo. Adicionalmente, los componentes volátiles mayoritarios liberados por hidrólisis enzimática (Rohapect D5L de los glicósidos de la pulpa fueron ácido acético, ácido benzoico y vainillina. Cabe destacar que aunque el linalol no se encontró entre las agliconas volátiles, se detectaron los dioles biogenéticamente relacionados: 3,7-dimetil-1,5-octadien-3,7-diol y los isómeros E y Z del 2,6-dimetil-2,7-octadien-1,6-diol.Os componentes voláteis presentes na polpa da uva Caimarona foram estudados mediante GC-MS. Estes foram extraídos por três técnicas: evaporação de aroma assistida com solvente (Solvent Assisted Flavour Evaporation SAFE, extração continua líquido-líquido (LL e destilação por arraste com vapor-extração simultânea com solvente org

  14. Diferenças entre bananas de cultivares Prata e Nanicão ao longo do amadurecimento: características físico-químicas e compostos voláteis Differences between Prata and Nanicão banana cultivars during ripening: physicochemical characteristics and volatile compounds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baraquizio Braga do Nascimento Junior

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Bananas verdes [Nanicão (Musa sp., subgrupo Cavendish e Prata (Musa sp., subgrupo Prata] foram estudadas durante o seu amadurecimento. As propriedades físicas (firmeza, físico-químicas (pH, acidez total titulável e sólidos solúveis e químicas (açúcares, compostos fenólicos e voláteis foram analisadas e demonstraram diferenças significantes (p Fresh green bananas [Nanicão (Musa sp., subgroup Cavendish and Prata (Musa sp., subgroup Prata] were studied during their ripening. Physical (firmness, physicochemical (pH, total titrable acidity and soluble solids and chemical properties (sugars, phenolics and volatile compounds were analyzed and showed significant differences (p < 0.05. Prata presented higher values of phenolic compounds, soluble solids, sugars and firmness than Nanicão. A method to quantify the emission of esters was developed by cryogenic headspace and gas chromatography. Acetates, butyrates, isobutyrates and isovalerates were predominant. Prata produced a higher volatile concentration than Nanicão, except for acetates. In most cases, the amount of volatiles increased continuously until peel browning, followed by a decrease or a plateau.

  15. Identificação e quantificação de voláteis de café através de cromatografia gasosa de alta resolução / espectrometria de massas empregando um amostrador automático de "headspace" Identification and quantification of coffee volatile components through high resolution gas chromatoghaph/mass spectrometer using a headspace automatic sampler

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo César AMSTALDEN

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Usando um amostrador automático, os "headspaces" de três marcas comerciais de café torrado e moído foram analisados qualitativa e quantitativamente quanto a composição dos voláteis responsáveis pelo aroma através da técnica de cromatografia gasosa/espectrometria de massas. Uma vez que a metodologia não envolveu isolamento ou concentração dos aromas, suas proporções naturais foram mantidas, além de simplificar o preparo das amostras. O emprego do amostrador automático permitiu também boa resolução dos picos cromatográficos sem o emprego de criogenia, contribuindo para redução no tempo de análise. Noventa e um componentes puderam ser identificados, sendo que alguns compostos conhecidos como presentes em café como o dimetilsulfeto, metional e furfuril mercaptana não foram detectados. Os voláteis presentes em maior concentração puderam ser quantificados com o auxílio de dois padrões internos. A técnica se provou viável, tanto para caracterização como para quantificação de voláteis de café.Employing an automatic headspace sampler, the headspaces of three commercial brands of ground roasted coffee were qualitatively and quantitatively analyzed by gas chromatography / mass spectrometry. Since the methodology did not involve aroma isolation or concentration, their natural proportions were maintained, providing a more accurate composition of the flavors, and simplifying sample preparation. The automatic sampler allowed good resolution of the chromatographic peaks without cryofocusing the samples at the head of the column during injection, reducing analysis time. Ninety one compounds were identified and some known coffee volatiles, such as dimethyl sulphide, methional and furfuryl mercaptan were not detected. The more concentrated volatiles could be identified using two internal standards. The technique proved viable, for both characterization and for quantification of coffee volatiles.

  16. Study of the volatile compounds from plum (Prunus domestica L. cv. Horvin and estimation of their contribution to the fruit aroma Estudo de compostos voláteis de ameixa (Prunus domestica L. cv. Horvin e estimativa da sua contribuição ao aroma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Antonio Pino

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Simultaneous Distillation-Extraction (SDE and headspace-solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME combined with GC-FID and GC-MS were used to analyze volatile compounds from plum (Prunus domestica L. cv. Horvin and to estimate the most odor-active compounds by application of the Odor Activity Values (OAV. The analyses led to the identification of 148 components, including 58 esters, 23 terpenoids, 14 aldehydes, 11 alcohols, 10 ketones, 9 alkanes, 7 acids, 4 lactones, 3 phenols, and other 9 compounds of different structures. According to the results of SDE-GC-MS, SPME-GC-MS and OAV, ethyl 2-methylbutanoate, hexyl acetate, (E-2-nonenal, ethyl butanoate, (E-2-decenal, ethyl hexanoate, nonanal, decanal, (E-β-ionone, Γ-dodecalactone, (Z-3-hexenyl acetate, pentyl acetate, linalool, Γ-decalactone, butyl acetate, limonene, propyl acetate, Δ-decalactone, diethyl sulfide, (E-2-hexenyl acetate, ethyl heptanoate, (Z-3-hexenol, (Z-3-hexenyl hexanoate, eugenol, (E-2-hexenal, ethyl pentanoate, hexyl 2-methylbutanoate, isopentyl hexanoate, 1-hexanol, Γ-nonalactone, myrcene, octyl acetate, phenylacetaldehyde, 1-butanol, isobutyl acetate, (E-2-heptenal, octadecanal, and nerol are characteristic odor active compounds in fresh plums since they showed concentrations far above their odor thresholds.As técnicas de extração-destilação simultâneas (SDE e de headspace-microextração em fase sólida (HS-SPME combinadas com GC-FID e GC-MS foram usadas para analisar compostos voláteis da ameixa (Prunus domestica L. cv. Horvin e para estimar os compostos de aroma mais ativos, pela aplicação de valores de atividade olfativa (OAV, considerando os compostos voláteis presentes no headspace da fruta. As análises levaram à identificação de 148 componentes, incluindo 58 ésteres, 23 terpenoides, 14 aldeídos, 11 álcoois, 10 cetonas, 9 alcanos, 7 ácidos, 4 lactonas, 3 fenóis e 9 outros compostos de diferentes estruturas. De acordo om os resultados de SDE

  17. Avaliação das estruturas secretoras de Ocimum gratissimum var. macrophyllum Briq. (Lamiaceae após extração dos constituintes voláteis Evaluation of secretory structures of Ocimum gratissimum var. macrophyllum Briq. (Lamiaceae after extraction of volatile compounds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.S. Alvarez

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available O impacto provocado nas estruturas secretoras de folhas adultas de Ocimum gratissimum var. macrophyllum após extração dos componentes voláteis utilizando-se diferentes métodos de extração foi investigado através de microscopia eletrônica de varredura (MEV. Secções transversais do ápice, da nervura central, e da margem mostraram superfície com cutícula estriada, estômatos diacíticos, tricomas tectores simples, filiformes, e glandulares peltados. Os peltados, com estrutura envolta por uma cutícula contendo o exsudado celular, variaram de 60 a 80µm de diâmetro sendo formados por uma porção apical multicelular com disposição radial formada por dois círculos concêntricos com 9 a 16 células. Na região central do ápice do tricoma peltado se identificou a presença de 4 células em forma de vértice dispostas sobre o pedúnculo, sendo esta a região mais externa formada por número variável de células. Os componentes voláteis das folhas adultas foram extraídos por hidrodestilação (HD, destilação-extração simultânea (DES, e solvente (SO. Os dados obtidos evidenciaram que o maior impacto nas estruturas secretoras ocorreu após extração por hidrodestilação quando comparado aos outros métodos utilizados. A porcentagem dos principais constituintes químicos, timol e γ-terpineno variaram de acordo com o método de extração: timol (HD = 25,4%, SO = 18,2%, DES = 54,8% e γ-terpineno (HD = 38,2%, SO = ausente, DES = 13,7%.The impact on the secretory structures of mature leaves of Ocimum gratissimum var. macrophyllum, after extraction of the volatile compounds using different extraction methods, was investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM. Cross-sections of the apex, the midrib and the margin showed surface with striated cuticle, diacitic stomata, single tector, filiform and glandular peltate trichomes. The peltate trichomes with a structure surrounded by cuticle containing the celllular exudate ranged from

  18. Influência do sistema de produção e do armazenamento refrigerado nas características físico-químicas e no desenvolvimento de compostos voláteis em morangos Influence of planting system and cold storage on the physical-chemistries characteristicsand volatile compounds development in strawberries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julia Maria Machado de Ávila

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Durante o armazenamento, pode ocorrer a perda de compostos voláteis responsáveis pelo aroma e o aumento de compostos indesejáveis, o que ocasiona a perda de qualidade do morango, reduzindo a vida de prateleira e levando à rejeição do produto pelos consumidores. Neste trabalho, foi avaliada a influência do sistema de produção (convencional e orgânico e do período de armazenamento (0, 2, 5, 8 dias nas características físicas e químicas (CFQ e nos compostos voláteis (CV de morango das cultivares 'Camarosa' e 'Camino Real', utilizando morangos de pomar comercial da região de Pelotas/RS. Os frutos foram colhidos em estádio de maturação comercial e com boa aparência. O planejamento experimental foi casualizado, em triplicata de 15 frutos. Os morangos foram armazenados a T de 1°C, com 90-95% umidade relativa (UR. Foram avaliadas a perda de massa, a coloração instrumental [L*, a*, b* e ângulo hue (H] , a firmeza, os sólidos solúveis (SS, a acidez titulável (AT, a relação SS/AT, pH e os teores de CV. Os resultados foram submetidos à análise de variância e as diferenças significativas determinadas pelo teste de Tukey (PDuring the storage a loss of volatile compounds responsible for the aroma and an increase of undesirable compounds can occur leading to a decrease in the strawberry quality, a reduction of the shelf life and product rejection by the consumers. In the present work the influence of the planting system (conventional and organic and the storage period (0, 2, 5 and 8 days upon physical and chemical characteristics (FCC as well as on strawberry volatile compounds (VC in the cultivars 'Camarosa' and 'Camino Real' were evaluated using strawberries from a commercial orchard from Pelotas/RS. The fruits were harvested in a stage of commercial maturation and sound appearance. The experimental planning was randomized, in triplicate of fifteen fruits. The strawberries were stored at 1°C and 90-95% of relative humidity

  19. Analysis of volatile compounds of Ilex paraguariensis A. St. - Hil. and its main adulterating species Ilex theizans Mart. ex Reissek and Ilex dumosa Reissek Análise de compostos voláteis de Ilex paraguariensis A. St. - Hil. e suas principais espécies adulterantes Ilex theizans Mart. ex Reissek e Ilex dumosa Reissek

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rogério Marcos Dallago

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The adulteration of the product Ilex paraguariensis with other Ilex species is a mAjor problem for maté tea producers. In this work, three species of Ilex were evaluated for their volatile composition by headspace solid phase microextraction coupled to gas chromatography and mass spectrum detector (HS-SPME/GC-MS. The adulterating species I. dumnosa and I. theizans Mart. ex Reissek presented a different profile of volatile organic compounds when compared to I. paraguariensis. Aldehydes methyl-butanal, pentanal, hexanal, heptanal and nonanal were detected only in the adulterating species. This result suggests that such compounds are potential chemical markers for identification of adulteration and quality analysis of products based on Ilex paraguariensis.A adulteração do produto Ilex paraguariensis com outras espécies de Ilex é um dos principais problemas dos produtores de erva-mate. Neste trabalho, três espécies de Ilex foram avaliadas quanto à sua composição volátil por microextração em fase sólida acoplada à cromatografia gasosa e detector de espectro de massas (HS-SPME/GC-MS. As espécies adulterantes I. dumnosa e I. theizans Mart. ex Reissek apresentaram um perfil diferente de compostos orgânicos voláteis, quando comparadas com a I. paraguariensis. Os aldeídos metil-butanal, pentanal, hexanal, heptanal e nonanal foram detectados apenas nas espécies adulterantes. Esse resultado sugere que esses compostos químicos são marcadores potenciais para a identificação de adulteração e análise da qualidade dos produtos à base de Ilex paraguariensis.

  20. Modelagem da adsorção de compostos orgânicos voláteis sobre nanotubos de carbono cup-stacked usando o modelo da força motriz linear - doi: 10.4025/actascitechnol.v32i2.4817

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Waldir Nagel Schirmer

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Os compostos orgânicos voláteis (COV são importante classe de poluentes do ar, e a adsorção tem sido largamente empregada no seu tratamento há vários anos. O presente trabalho utilizou metodologias analíticas convencionais para avaliar o nanotubo cup-stacked(CSCNT na purificação de correntes gasosas contaminadas com COV. O CSCNT é constituído de múltiplas camadas de grafeno em formato cônico, apresentando extremidades abertas em sua superfície externa e canais centrais vazios. Foi adotado o Carbotrap como suporte do cup-stacked. O adsorvente-parâmetro de comparação do desempenho desse compósito foi o próprio Carbotrap (sem o nanotubo. Foi avaliada a capacidade de adsorção de cada adsorvente, bem como suas capacidades de saturação para cada uma das concentrações trabalhadas com os dois adsorbatos utilizados (1, 5, 20 e 35 ppm de tolueno e fenol. Na modelagem das curvas massaxtempo, utilizou-se o modelo da força motriz linear (LDF – linear driving force. A metodologia proposta para determinação das curvas massatempo mostrou-se aplicável a análises desta natureza. Em relação ao desempenho dos adsorventes, o compósito obteve clara vantagem em relação ao Carbotrap; os valores das capacidades de saturação para o compósito foram, em média, 67% superiores aos obtidos para o Carbotrap.

  1. Determinación de los valores normales del índice de tei (índice de performance miocárdico y otros parámetros ecocardiográficos doppler de la función ventricular izquierda en caninos sanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iván Álvarez

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available La falla cardiaca está relacionada con anormalidades en la contracción y relajación ventricular. Estudios recientes han mostrado que en la mayoría de los pacientes con insuficiencia cardiaca coexisten alteraciones de la función sistólica y diastólica, y en algunos casos la función sistólica es normal pero la falla cardiaca es generada por disfunción ventricular diastólica. El índice de performance miocárdico (tiempo de contracción isovolumétrica sumado al tiempo de eyección ventricular dividido el tiempo de eyección, “Índice de Tei” ha sido descrito como una manera más efectiva para el análisis de la Disfunción Miocárdica Global que otros parámetros de función sistólica y diastólica. Con base en estos antecedentes, los autores determinaron el valor normal del índice de Tei para el ventrículo izquierdo en caninos sanos en la ciudad de Bogotá (2.600 msnm con el objeto de utilizar dicho valor como índice de la función sistodiastólica. Se obtuvo un valor medio de 0,33 con un desvío estándar de 0,10. Asimismo pudo verificarse que no existe correlación con la frecuencia cardiaca, peso corporal ni con la fracción de eyección ventricular izquierdo (P<0,05.

  2. Acúmulo de ácidos graxos voláteis (AGVs em reatores anaeróbios sob estresse: causas e estratégias de controle Build up of volatile fatty acids (VFA in anaerobic reactors under stress conditions: causes and control strategies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio F. de Aquino

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta uma visão integrada das principais causas de acúmulo de ácidos graxos voláteis (AGVs em reatores anaeróbios. O acúmulo de acetato observado durante as condições de choque de carga e/ou estresse ocorre provavelmente devido às limitações cinéticas dos microrganismos metanogênicos, que é acentuada com a redução do pH. O acúmulo de acetato e hidrogênio na fase líquida pode, por sua vez, desencadear limitações termodinâmicas e conseqüente acúmulo de propionato e butirato. A manutenção de condições ideais de crescimento dos microrganismos metanogênicos é uma estratégia de controle para reduzir o acúmulo de acetato, embora não seja efetiva em reduzir a concentração de hidrogênio dissolvida ao ponto em que não haja limitação sintrófica. As estratégias para mitigação das limitações termodinâmicas poderiam envolver a regulação da concentração de acetato através do uso de resinas ou membranas, e a separação espacial de microrganismos através da granulação ou tratamento em duas fases.This paper presents an integrated approach of the main reasons for the accumulation of volatile fatty acids (VFAs in anaerobic reactors. The build up of acetate during shock loads and/or stress conditions is likely to occur due to kinetic limitations of methanogenic microrganisms, which is enhanced by pH reduction. Acumulation of acetate and hydrogen in the liquid phase will set the stage for the accumulation of other VFAs, such as propionate and butyrate, due to thermodynamic inhibition. By mantaining the ideal growth conditions for the methanogens it may be possible to reduce the acetate build up, although it may not be effective in reducing the concentration of dissolved hydrogen so that thermodynamic inhibition is avoided. The strategies to mitigate themodynamic inhibition could involve regulation of acetate by means of membrane or resins, and spacial separation of microrganisms by granulation or

  3. eletrônicos portáteis (PEDs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Felipe Henriques Librantz

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Great concern has been demonstrated by different aeronautic operators about the effects of electromagnetic interference in avionics and electronic equipments of airplanes, due to the use of portable electronic devices (PEDs, which can be easily carried by the passengers. Among the suspect devices, there are laptops and palmtops, audio recorders and reproducers, electronic games and toys, laser pointers, cell phones, communication radios and pagers. Uncouplings or automatic pilot deviations, mistaken indications in displays and, even, the unadverted disconnection of the avionics or variations not commanded in the control surfaces are flaws attributed to these devices. In spite of suffering critics, several regulation agencies in aeronautics, all over the world, have prohibited the use of these portable devices, specially in the critical phases of the flight – landing and take off. Nevertheless, it’s getting bigger the passengers desire of using, uninterruptely, laptops and cell phones, what makes necessary the adoption of safety procedures to satisfy this demand. Besides the concern over these dangerous effects, there are yet, doubts over the topic, and, therefore, it’s indicated the need of more investigations over these phenomenons. In this work, we relate the main accomplished experiments with the intent to clarify how the PEDs, more specifically the cell phones, cause an undesirable electromagnetic interference.

  4. Influência do dióxido de enxofre e cultivares de videira na formação de alguns compostos voláteis e na qualidade sensorial do destilado de vinho Influence of sulfur dioxide and grape varieties at the formation of some volatile compounds and at the sensory quality of the wine distillate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Antonio SALTON

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Com o objetivo de estudar o efeito do SO2 e das cultivares de videira - Herbemont, Couderc 13, Trebbiano e Isabel - na composição química e na qualidade sensorial do destilado de vinho, efetuaram-se microvinificações e posterior destilação dos vinhos na safra de 1996. As análises dos compostos voláteis foram feitas através de cromatografia gasosa e a avaliação sensorial dos destilados foi efetuada pelo grupo de degustação da Embrapa Uva e Vinho. Os resultados mostraram que o SO2 favoreceu a formação de etanal nas cultivares estudadas. Observou-se também um aumento na soma dos álcoois superiores em função do SO2, exceto para o destilado da cv. Isabel. Constatou-se que o destilado de Isabel se caracterizou por apresentar teor mais elevado de metanol e mais baixo de 1-propanol, possivelmente devido ao sistema de vinificação. O destilado de Isabel, juntamente com o de Couderc 13, apresentou teores mais baixos de 2-metil-1-propanol, 3-metil-1-butanol e da soma dos álcoois superiores. O destilado de Trebbiano apresentou teor mais elevado de 2-metil-1-propanol e juntamente com o de Herbemont teores mais elevados de 1-propanol, 2-metil-1-butanol, 3-metil-1-butanol e na soma dos álcoois superiores. A avaliação sensorial evidenciou que o SO2 influenciou na qualidade de aroma, no gosto agradável e na qualidade geral dos destilados das cultivares Herbemont e Trebbiano. O de Herbemont se caracterizou por apresentar menor qualidade de aroma, gosto agradável, tipicidade e qualidade geral. Apresentou, ainda, nota mais elevada para aroma e gosto indesejáveis.With the aim of studying the influence of SO2 and grape varieties - Herbemont, Couderc 13, Trebbiano and Isabella, on the chemical composition and sensory quality of wine distillates, some microvinification and posterior distillation of wines were made, at the harvest of 1996. The analyses of volatile components were made through gas chromatography and the sensory evaluation of

  5. Modelagem da adsorção de compostos orgânicos voláteis sobre nanotubos de carbono cup-stacked usando o modelo da força motriz linear = Modeling volatile organic compounds (voc’s adsorption onto cupstacked carbon nanotubes (cscnt using the linear driving force model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Waldir Nagel Schirmer

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Os compostos orgânicos voláteis (COV são importante classe de poluentes do ar, e a adsorção tem sido largamente empregada no seu tratamento há vários anos. O presente trabalho utilizou metodologias analíticas convencionais para avaliar o nanotubo cup-stacked (CSCNT na purificação de correntes gasosas contaminadas com COV. O CSCNT é constituído de múltiplas camadas de grafeno em formato cônico, apresentando extremidades abertas em sua superfície externa e canais centrais vazios. Foi adotado o Carbotrap como suporte do cup-stacked. O adsorvente-parâmetro de comparação do desempenho desse compósito foi o próprio Carbotrap (sem o nanotubo. Foi avaliada a capacidade de adsorção de cada adsorvente, bem como suas capacidades de saturação para cada uma das concentrações trabalhadas com os dois adsorbatos utilizados (1, 5, 20 e 35 ppm de tolueno e fenol. Na modelagem das curvas massaxtempo, utilizou-se o modelo da força motriz linear (LDF – linear driving force. A metodologia proposta para determinação das curvas massa.tempo mostrou-se aplicável a análises desta natureza. Em relação ao desempenho dos adsorventes, o compósito obteve clara vantagem em relação ao Carbotrap; os valores das capacidades de saturação para o compósito foram, em média, 67% superiores aos obtidos para o Carbotrap.Volatile organic compounds (VOC’s are an important category of air pollutants and adsorption has been employed in the treatment (or simply concentration of these compounds. The current study used an ordinary analytical methodology to evaluate the properties of a cupstacked nanotube (CSCNT, a stacking morphology of truncated conical graphene, with large amounts of open edges on the outer surface and empty central channels. This work used a Carbotrap bearing a cup-stacked structure (composite; for comparison, Carbotrapwas used as reference (without the nanotube. The retention and saturation capacities of both adsorbents to each

  6. Sir Hans Adolf Krebs (1900-81), pioneer of modern medicine, architect of intermediary metabolism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leigh, F W

    2009-08-01

    Krebs was born in Hildesheim (North Germany) and graduated (MD) from the University of Munich in 1923. He was assistant to Otto Warburg (1926-30) who taught tissue slicing and manometry which Krebs used to complete his three great works: The Detoxification of Ammonia (Freiburg im Breisgau 1933), The Degradation of Foods to provide Energy for Life (Sheffield 1937) and Gluconeogenesis (Oxford 1963). He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society of London (FRS) in 1947, Nobel Laureate in 1953 and KBE in 1958.

  7. [Doctor's degree thesis of Tomasz Adolf Wołkowiński "Carditidis rheumaticae historia"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stembrowicz, W

    2001-01-01

    In 1817 on the University of Vilnius Faculty of Medicine, T. A. Wołkowiński, a student of the eminent clinician Józef Frank, defended his doctor's degree thesis about a direct relation between rheumatic disease and cardiomegaly. It was probably the first paper in Poland describing with details the rheumatic heart disease. Unfortunately we don't know much about T. A. Wołkowiński's life.

  8. Euroopa integratsioon kirikuloolises perspektiivis / Adolf Martin Ritter ; tõlk. Siret Rutiku

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ritter, Adolf Martin

    1999-01-01

    Järg Nov/10. Ettekanne on peetud Tartu Ülikooli usuteaduskonnas Eesti-Saksa akadeemilise nädala Academica III raames. Käsitluse aluseks on teesid: Ida ja Lääs, ristiusk, misjonilugu, rahvakirik, oikumeenia, kirikute roll uuenevas Euroopas, usupuhastus, kirikuloo tänapäev

  9. Avaliação da silagem de bagaço de laranja com diferentes aditivos por intermédio dos parâmetros de fermentação ruminal de ovinos e contribuição energética dos ácidos graxos voláteis Evaluation of orange peel silage with different additives by rumen fermentation parameters and energy contribution from volatile fatty acids

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís Carlos Vinhas Ítavo

    2000-10-01

    Full Text Available O bagaço de laranja, com aditivo enzimático microbiano, ácidos fórmico e acético, ensilado por 70 dias, em tubos de concreto com capacidade de 700 kg, foi avaliado por intermédio dos parâmetros de fermentação ruminal, em ensaio experimental realizado com ovinos, machos, alojados em gaiolas metabólicas. O alimento fornecido foi feno de aveia (70% e silagem de bagaço de laranja (30%, com base na MS. O fluido ruminal foi coletado por sonda esofagiana nos tempos 2, 5 e 8 horas após o fornecimento do alimento e antes da alimentação, tomado como tempo zero (0. Foram avaliados pH, N amoniacal, ácidos graxos voláteis (acético, propiônico e butírico e contribuição energética desses ácidos em kcal. Não houve diferença entre os tratamentos para os parâmetros avaliados. As equações de regressão apresentaram comportamento quadrático para todas as características estudadas e as médias dos parâmetros foram: pH, 6,97; N amoniacal, 6,78 mg/100 mL de fluido ruminal e dos AGV; e acético, propiônico e butírico, 45,99; 11,16; e 5,50 mM/mL de fluido ruminal, respectivamente. Os aditivos não alteraram o valor nutricional do alimento, quando avaliados os parâmetros de fermentação ruminais. Entretanto, para a produção de AGV, houve melhor eficiência de transformação (kcal de AGV/kcal de glicose, 72,92% para o tratamento sem aditivo (controle.The orange peel with enzymatic microbial additive, formic or acetic acids was ensiled for 70 days, in concrete tubes with 700 kg of volume capacity, was evaluated by rumen fermentation parameters in a experimental trial using males sheep, housed in metabolic cages. The used diet was oat hay (70% and orange silage (30% on DM base. The ruminal fluid was collected with esophageal tube at 2, 5 and 8 hours after, and before feeding that was taken as zero time (0. The pH, N ammonia, volatile fatty acids (acetic, propionic and butyric and the energy contribution of these acid in kcal were

  10. Characterization and classification of pequi trees (Caryocar brasiliense Camb. based on the profile of volatile constituents using headspace solid-phase microextraction - gas chromatography - mass spectrometry and multivariate analysis Caracterização e classificação de pequizeiros (Caryocar brasiliense Camb. baseadas no perfil de constituintes voláteis usando microextração em fase sólida no modo headspace - cromatografia a gás - espectrometria de massas e análise multivariada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata França Cassimiro Belo

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available In order to determine the variability of pequi tree (Caryocar brasiliense Camb. populations, volatile compounds from fruits of eighteen trees representing five populations were extracted by headspace solid-phase microextraction and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry. Seventy-seven compounds were identified, including esters, hydrocarbons, terpenoids, ketones, lactones, and alcohols. Several compounds had not been previously reported in the pequi fruit. The amount of total volatile compounds and the individual compound contents varied between plants. The volatile profile enabled the differentiation of all of the eighteen plants, indicating that there is a characteristic profile in terms of their origin. The use of Principal Component Analysis and Cluster Analysis enabled the establishment of markers (dendrolasin, ethyl octanoate, ethyl 2-octenoate and β-cis-ocimene that discriminated among the pequi trees. According to the Cluster Analysis, the plants were classified into three main clusters, and four other plants showed a tendency to isolation. The results from multivariate analysis did not always group plants from the same population together, indicating that there is greater variability within the populations than between pequi tree populations.A fim de determinar a variabilidade de populações de pequizeiro (Caryocar brasiliense Camb., compostos voláteis de frutos de dezoito árvores representando cinco populações foram extraídos por microextração em fase sólida no modo headspace e analisados por cromatografia a gás acoplada à espectrometria de massas. Setenta e sete compostos foram identificados, incluindo ésteres, hidrocarbonetos, terpenoides, cetonas, lactonas e álcoois. Vários compostos não haviam sido encontrados anteriormente no fruto. A quantidade total e a composição de voláteis variaram entre as plantas. O perfil volátil permitiu a diferenciação de todas as dezoito plantas, indicando que há um

  11. Constituintes químicos voláteis e não-voláteis de Moringa oleifera Lam., Moringaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milena B. Barreto

    Full Text Available O estudo fitoquímico do extrato etanólico das folhas de Moringa oleifera Lam., Moringaceae, resultou no isolamento dos derivados benzilnitrilas niazirina, niazirinina e 4-hidroxifenil-acetonitrila, enquanto que das cascas dos frutos somente o octacosano foi obtido. Os óleos essenciais das folhas, flores e frutos foram analisados por cromatografia gasosa acoplada a espectrometria de massa. Os constituintes principais identificados foram: fitol (21,6% e timol (9,6% nas folhas, octadecano (27,4% e ácido hexadecanóico (18,4% nas flores e docosano (32,7% e tetracosano (24,0% nos frutos. As estruturas dos compostos isolados foram identificadas a partir de técnicas espectroscópicas (RMN, IV e EM. A 4-hidroxifenil-acetonitrila está sendo citada pela primeira vez para o gênero Moringa e os óleos essenciais das flores e frutos estão sendo citados pela primeira vez para a espécie M. oleifera.

  12. Compostos voláteis em méis florais Volatile compounds in floral honeys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alberto Bastos De Maria

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available A review about origin, composition and importance of volatile compounds in floral honeys is presented. Hydrocarbons, aromatic components, acids, diacids, terpenoids, ketones, aldehydes, esters and alcohols have been found in honey aroma of different botanical origin. Cis-rose oxide has been proposed as an indicator for Tilia cordata honey. Citrus honeys are known to contain methyl anthranilate, a compound which other honeys virtually lack. Linalool, phenylethylalcohol, phenylacetaldehyde, p-anisaldehyde and benzaldehyde are important contributors for the aroma of different unifloral honeys. Both isovaleric acid, gama-decalactone and benzoic acid appears to be important odourants for Anarcadium occidentale and Croton sp. honeys from Brazil. The furfurylmercaptan, benzyl alcohol, delta-octalactone, eugenol, phenylethylalcohol and guaiacol appear to be only relevant compounds for Anarcadium occidentale. The vanillin was considered an important odourant only for Croton sp..

  13. Turto samprata Lietuvos civilinėje teisėje

    OpenAIRE

    Jakutytė-Sungailienė, Asta

    2009-01-01

    This article focuses on the abstract legal concept of asset, trying to indicate what objects are included in this concept. The article also provides a brief overview of the development of the term "asset" in law in the historical perspective. A thing is the most elementary object to comprehend and describe, thus a considerable attention is drawn to this kind of unit of asset in this article. However, other objects of civil rights are analyzed more extensively next to the analysis of the conce...

  14. Constituintes voláteis das folhas e dos galhos de Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume (Lauraceae)

    OpenAIRE

    Lima,Maria da Paz; Zoghbi,Maria das Graças B.; Andrade,Eloisa Helena A.; Silva,Tatiana Maria D.; Fernandes,Carlos Sousa

    2005-01-01

    Os óleos essenciais das folhas e dos galhos de Cinnamomum zeylanicum coletada no município de Manaus, estado do Amazonas, foram obtidos por hidrodestilação e analisados através de CG-EM. Vinte e três constituintes foram identificados nas folhas, dos quais o eugenol foi o que apresentou maior porcentagem (60%). Nos galhos foram identificados trinta e seis componentes, com predominância dos monoterpenos alfa- e beta-pineno (9,9%; 3,5%), alfa-felandreno (9,2%), p-cimeno (6,2%), limoneno (7,9%), ...

  15. Constituintes químicos voláteis de especiarias ricas em eugenol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosilene Aparecida de Oliveira

    Full Text Available Utilizando a técnica de hidrodestilação, usando um adaptador Clevenger, foram extraídos óleos essenciais das espécies Pimenta dioica (folhas e frutos e Syzygium aromaticum (botões florais, talos e folhas. A composição química dos óleos foi determinada através da analise CG-EM. Os teores de óleos essenciais variaram de 0,97 a 1,41% e 2,30 a 15,40% nas espécies Pimenta dioica e Syzygium aromaticum, respectivamente. O componente majoritário presente nessas espécies foi o eugenol, variando de 72,87 a 90,41%. Syzygium aromaticum forneceu maior teor de óleo essencial rico em eugenol. Em quantidades menores foram também encontrados chavicol e? β-cariofileno.

  16. Administracinės teisės šaltinių sistema.

    OpenAIRE

    Bakaveckas, Audrius

    2014-01-01

    In the present paper, the system of the sources of the Lithuanian administrative law is discussed. Till the present time, this institution of the general part of administrative law has not been investigated in detail in any work of Lithuanian theorists. The present investigation begins with the concept of the source of administrative law and the major attention is focused on the analysis of the structure of the system of the sources of administrative law. One of the most frequently used bases...

  17. Favor contractus principas Lietuvos sutarčių teisėje

    OpenAIRE

    Drazdauskas, Stasys

    2007-01-01

    The emphasis in modern contract law is placed on general standards of good faith, fair dealing, reasonableness, rather than on concrete rules. The favour contractus principle is also among those general ideas. The Principle is an underlying idea of the UN Vienna Convention on International Sale of Goods as well as UNIDROIT principles of International Commercial Contracts. The later were extensively transposed into Lithuanian Civil Code, which leaves no doubt about the existence of favour cont...

  18. Tariamas atstovavimas pozityviojoje teisėje ir teismų praktikoje

    OpenAIRE

    Pakalniškis, Vytautas; Jurkevičius, Vaidas

    2011-01-01

    According to the general rule explaining apparent authority, if the behaviour of a principal gives reasonable grounds for the third party to think that the principal has appointed the other person to be his agent, contracts concluded by the third party in the principal's name shall be binding on the principal, notwithstanding the fact that the agent was not authorised by the principal to conclude particular contracts. In the absence of evidence of apparent authority the agent shall have to re...

  19. Tariamas atstovavimas pozityviojoje teisėje ir teismų praktikoje.

    OpenAIRE

    Pakalniškis, Vytautas; Jurkevičius, Vaidas

    2014-01-01

    According to the general rule explaining apparent authority, if the behaviour of a principal gives reasonable grounds for the third party to think that the principal has appointed the other person to be his agent, contracts concluded by the third party in the principal’s name shall be binding on the principal, notwithstanding the fact that the agent was not authorised by the principal to conclude particular contracts. In the absence of evidence of apparent authority the agent shall have to re...

  20. Vaiko teisių apsauga tarptautinėje teisėje

    OpenAIRE

    Markevičienė, Rita

    2007-01-01

    The thesis highlights the vulnerability of the child and, thereby, high priority of the children's rights, stress the importance of effective legal structures to support children and to eliminate violence against them. The necessity of the beatings-prohibiting law, which absence inhibits to implement Lithuania’s international commitments, is discussed. The attention is drawn to the problems associated with the frames of the childish age. The thesis sees all forms of violence against children ...

  1. Constituintes voláteis de própolis piauiense

    OpenAIRE

    Torres,Raimundo Nonato Soares; Lopes,José Arimatéia Dantas; Moita Neto,José Machado; Citó,Antônia Maria das Graças Lopes

    2008-01-01

    The essential oils of five samples obtained in different regions of the state of Piaui were analyzed by GC-MS. Ninety-one volatile constituents were tentatively identified and eight were positively identified. The principal components obtained from each sample were: 1,8-cineole, exo-fenchol, terpin-4-ol and fenchone (Teresina), a-pinene, caryophyllene oxide, b-pinene and a-copaene (Pio IX), (E)-caryophyllene, a-copaene, a-pinene, caryophyllene oxide and d-cadinene (Campo Maior), (E)-caryophyl...

  2. Kriminalistikos mokslas vykdant teisės reformą Lietuvoje

    OpenAIRE

    Kurapka, Egidijus; Malevski, Hendryk

    2000-01-01

    The article continues the analysis of the state the science of criminalistics, which was previously discussed in other works of the authors and also evaluates the state of the science in Lithuania. The authors have paid a considerable deal of attention to the circumstances, which stipulate the present state of criminalistics, tried to designate priorities of criminalistics in Lithuania and to formulate the outline of development of criminalistics. The outline should cover the model of develop...

  3. Reduction of noise from duct installation work. Dokan koji no tei soon ka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsukamoto, K. (Tokyo Gas Co. Ltd., Tokyo (Japan))

    1990-10-10

    Development of machines by Tokyo City Gas for reducing noise generated by gas duct installation work was reported. The development was conducted for such machines which did not take so long time before completion and target of generated noise from working site should be less than 70 db. The developed machines were low-noise rammer with large size muffler and rigid urethane as the substitutes of steel parts, and soundproof cover for generator which was developed by the company. Results of noise reduction achieved by these machines were shown as tables for affirming the effectiveness of them, by comparing noise before and after the improvements. 1 fig., 2 tabs., 3 photos.

  4. PRODUCTION OF VOLATILE FATTY ACIDS EVALUATED BY SEMIAUTOMATIC TECHNIQUE IN VITRO IN THE RUMINANT FEEDS WITH DIFFERENT CARBOHYDRATE SOURCES IN THE ROUGHAGES RATE Producción de Ácidos Grasos Volátiles Evaluados por la Técnica Semiautomática in vitro en Los Alimentos para Rumiantes en Adicción de Fuentes de Carboidratos em la porcion volumosa PRODUÇÃO DE ÁCIDOS GRAXOS VOLÁTEIS, AVALIADA PELA TÉCNICA SEMIAUTOMÁTICA IN VITRO, NA DIETA DE RUMINANTES COM DIFERENTES FONTES DE CARBOIDRATOS NA FRAÇÃO VOLUMOSA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto de Camargo Wascheck

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The effect of carbohydrates sources (dent corn or flint corn or citrus pulp addition to forages (corn silage, sorghum silage + silage of corn residue, elephant grass, sugarcane, silage of corn residue was measured, through volatile fatty acids (VFA’s production at the time of incubation of 2, 6, 12 e 24 hours. A completely randomized design in split plot with the time factor in the subplots Was used. The averages gas productions were treated by the France parameters. The acetate was VFA of larger production. It observed high and positive correlation between all of VFA’s of the present study.

    KEY WORDS: Acetate, by-product, citrus pulp.
    A efectúan de fuentes del carbohidratos (maíz de la mella o maíz del pedernal o pulpa del cítrico la suma a los forrajes (el forraje conservado en silo de maíz, forraje conservado en silo del sorgo + el forraje conservado en silo de residuo de maíz, césped del elefante, el cana-de-azúcar, el forraje conservado en silo de residuo de maíz era moderado, a través de los ácidos grasos volátiles la producción. Los promedios gasean que las producciones fueron tratadas por los parámetros de Francia. El acetato era VFA de producción más grande. Observó la correlación alta y positiva entre todos de VFA del estudio presente. Avaliou-se o efeito da adição ou não de fontes de carboidratos (milho dentado ou milho duro ou polpa de citros a forragens (silagem de milho, silagem de sorgo + silagem de resíduo de milho, capim-elefante, cana-de-açúcar, silagem de resíduo de milho sem adição das fontes de carboidratos, pela técnica in vitro semiautomática de produção de gases em função da produção de ácidos graxos voláteis (AGVs nos tempos de incubação de 2, 6, 12 e 24 horas. Utilizou-se o delineamento inteiramente casualizado em parcelas subdivididas com o fator tempo nas subparcelas. As médias da produção de gases foram tratadas pelos parâmetros de France. O acetato foi

  5. [What do we really know about how lance-corporal Adolf Hitler was treated by german military psychiatry?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Theiss-Abendroth, Peter

    2009-01-01

    This paper inquires the hypothesis that Hitler's rise to power was in part due to a hypnotic therapy he had undergone when being treated for hysterical blindness at an army hospital in the town of Pasewalk in October 1918 - as recent contributions have argued. Edmund Forster, his psychiatrist at that time, is supposed to have suggested to Hitler that he would be ordained as Germany's redeemer in times of defeat, thus causing a profound change in his patient's personality. Following three lines of argument, this paper examines if such an assumption can be made plausible. Firstly, it takes a close look at the main historical source which is the novel THE EYEWITNESS, written in German language by the Czech-Jewish author Ernst Weiss. Then it asks if Forster is likely to have chosen hypnosis as a method of treatment. Finally, it exploits the work of the even lesser known author Alexander Moritz Frey who happened to serve close to Hitler as a medical orderly in WW I, thus trying to validate whether or not Hitler really underwent a change of personality in autumn 1918. Although the eventualities of such a hypnotic treatment or a profound change in Hitler's behaviour in that time cannot be disproved, both seem highly unlikely. S One should altogether abandon the notion of Hitler having suffered a permanent change of personality in 1918, be it due to psychiatric treatment or to psychological trauma itself.

  6. Biskup Adolf Piotr Szelążek w Zamku Bierzgłowskim (1946-1950)

    OpenAIRE

    Rozynkowski, Waldemar

    2018-01-01

    Od kilku lat niezwykle dynamicznie rozwijają się badania nad życiem i posługą ordynariusza diecezji łuckiej na Wołyniu biskupa Adolfa Piotra Szelążka (1865-1950). Związane jest to na pewno z podjętymi staraniami o wyniesienie biskupa na ołtarze. Dnia 9 lutego 2010 roku biskup toruński Andrzej Suski powołał Komisję Historyczną, której zadaniem było przeprowadzenie szczegółowej kwerendy źródłowej dotyczącej osoby biskupa Szelążka i przygotowanie materiałów do procesu beatyfikacyjnego. Jej skła...

  7. Influência de frações da parede celular de levedura (Saccharomyces cerevisiae sobre os índices séricos de glicose e lipídios, microbiota intestinal e produção de ácidos graxos voláteis (AGV de cadeias curtas de ratos em crescimento Influence of yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae cell wall fractions on serum indexes of glucose and lipids, intestinal microbiota and production of short-chain volatile fatty acids (VFA in growing rats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saula Goulart Chaud

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Os índices séricos de glicose e lipídios, a microbiota intestinal e a produção de ácidos graxos voláteis de cadeias curtas (AGV foram determinados em ratos Wistar submetidos às dietas: padrão (AIN-P, padrão modificada (AIN-M e às dietas contendo frações de parede celular de levedura: glicana insolúvel (GI, manana (M e glicana mais manana (G+M, como única fonte de fibra alimentar. O fracionamento da parede celular (PC foi realizado por processos físicos e químicos de extração, centrifugação e secagem em "spray dryer". Os índices séricos foram dosados através de "kits" comerciais. A microbiota e a produção de AGV foram determinadas nos conteúdos intestinais, incluindo cólon, ceco e reto. Considerando os níveis de colesterol no tempo (T0 e no tempo 28 (T28, as dietas AIN-P, AIN-M e M apresentaram efeito hipocolesterolêmico, tendo em vista que a composição das dietas eram de natureza hipercolesterolêmica. Em relação à glicose sérica, no tempo (T0 observou-se uma elevação geral da glicemia, sugerindo um efeito hiperglicêmico das dietas estudadas. A dieta G+M foi a que apresentou valores significantemente mais elevados de lipídios séricos no tempo T14, e os níveis mais baixos foram observados na dieta M e na dieta GI no T14 e nas dietas AIN-M e AIN-P. A dieta AIN-P foi a que apresentou valor significantemente mais elevado de triacilgliceróis nos tempos T14 e T28. Os níveis mais baixos nos tempos T14 foram constatados para as dietas G+M e GI e no tempo T28 para as dietas AIN-M e M. De um modo geral, não houve modificações significativas na microbiota intestinal dos animais em nenhuma das dietas. Dentre os AGV, o ácido acético foi o predominante, seguido do propiônico e do butírico, em todas as dietas estudadas.The blood serum indexes of glucose and lipids, the intestinal microbiota and the production of volatile fatty acids (VFA were determined in Wistar rats which were fed a standard (AIN-P diet, a

  8. Determinação de hidrocarbonetos voláteis e semi-voláteis na atmosfera Determination of volatile and semi-volatile hydrocarbons in the atmosphere

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Célia Alves

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses: (i the development of a measurement technique for the determination of atmospheric C2-C6 hydrocarbons with sampling in canisters and analysis by gas chromatography/flame ionisation detector (GC/FID, (ii the improvement of an existent adsorption-sampling technique with Tenax TA tubes for the determination of C6-C11 hydrocarbons and analysis by GC/FID after thermal desorption and cryogenic concentration, (iii the identification of compounds present in ambient air by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS for both canister and Tenax samples, (iv a program of interlaboratorial comparison for quality control of C2-C11 analyses, and (v the seasonal characterisation of ambient air C2-C11 hydrocarbons.

  9. Constituintes químicos voláteis e não-voláteis de Cochlospermum vitifolium (Willdenow Sprengel Volatile and non-volatile chemical constituents of Cochlospermum vitifolium (Willdenow Sprengel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sheyla Cristiane Xenofonte de Almeida

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available The essential oils from leaves, root bark and root wood of Cochlospermum vitifolium were investigated for the first time. The oils were obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by GC/MS. The main volatile constituents were beta-caryophyllene (8.2 - 46.5%, beta-bisabolene (11.5 - 29.3%, gamma-muurolene (28.4%, alpha-humulene (26.0%, 1-hydroxy-3-hexadecanone (16.2 - 19.5% and beta-pinene (10.6%. Phytochemical analysis of the root bark and root wood extracts yielded excelsin, pinoresinol, narigenin, aromadendrin, galic acid and a triacylbenzene, along with beta-sitosterol and stigmasterol and their D-glucosides. The structures of all compounds were determined by analyses of the spectroscopic data (NMR and MS, and comparison with the literature.

  10. LGBT teisės užsienio politikoje: Jungtinių Valstijų atvejis

    OpenAIRE

    Giedraitytė, Greta

    2017-01-01

    In recent years, a lot of political attention has been paid to LGBT- Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender persons equality worldwide (also known as SOGI- sexual orientation and gender identity). The United Nations Human Rights Council adopted the LGBT resolution in September 2014 and it was supported by many governments around the world, including the United States which has actively been pushing for LGBT issues to be discussed in global forums. Recently it has become a more prominent internat...

  11. NAS FRONTEIRAS VOLÁTEIS DA ESCRAVIDÃO: ÍNDIOS, QUILOMBOS E CIMARRONES, XVIII-XIX

    OpenAIRE

    Gonçalves, Victor Santos

    2015-01-01

    Este artigo visa ponderar acerca dos mecanismos que levavam escravos a fugir dos seus senhores, na busca de um melhor viver. A perspectiva desse estudo foi averiguar esses sonhos de liberdade compartilhados em vários pontos da América, onde mesmo com a escravidão existiram agentes históricos em busca de uma vida menos sofrida, fugindo para longe dos seus senhores, ou seja, oferecendo resistência. Os quilombolas, cimarrones e indígenas agiam através de variadas estratégias, mobilidades com ten...

  12. Estudio comparativo in vitro de la eficacia de cementos para próteis fija sobre implantes

    OpenAIRE

    Santángelo, Georgina

    2018-01-01

    El éxito de la rehabilitación oral de pacientes con implantes depende no sólo de la oseointegración de los mismos, sino del mantenimiento de la conexión de la superestructura protésica a los implantes a largo plazo. Objetivos: Evaluar los cementos de Fosfato de Zinc (Harvard), Resina Compuesta (SmartCem 2) y Resina sin Eugenol Semipermanente (Premier) con relación a sus propiedades mecánicas de resistencia a la tracción y a la compresión, y su efecto en Implantología Oral, determinando la ...

  13. Constituintes voláteis de própolis piauiense The volatile constituents of propolis from Piaui

    OpenAIRE

    Raimundo Nonato Soares Torres; José Arimatéia Dantas Lopes; José Machado Moita Neto; Antônia Maria das Graças Lopes Citó

    2008-01-01

    The essential oils of five samples obtained in different regions of the state of Piaui were analyzed by GC-MS. Ninety-one volatile constituents were tentatively identified and eight were positively identified. The principal components obtained from each sample were: 1,8-cineole, exo-fenchol, terpin-4-ol and fenchone (Teresina), a-pinene, caryophyllene oxide, b-pinene and a-copaene (Pio IX), (E)-caryophyllene, a-copaene, a-pinene, caryophyllene oxide and d-cadinene (Campo Maior), (E)-caryophyl...

  14. Constituintes voláteis de própolis piauiense The volatile constituents of propolis from Piaui

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raimundo Nonato Soares Torres

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The essential oils of five samples obtained in different regions of the state of Piaui were analyzed by GC-MS. Ninety-one volatile constituents were tentatively identified and eight were positively identified. The principal components obtained from each sample were: 1,8-cineole, exo-fenchol, terpin-4-ol and fenchone (Teresina, a-pinene, caryophyllene oxide, b-pinene and a-copaene (Pio IX, (E-caryophyllene, a-copaene, a-pinene, caryophyllene oxide and d-cadinene (Campo Maior, (E-caryophyllene, a-gurjunene and b-selinene (Pedro II and (E-caryophyllene, a-gurjunene, d-cadinene and a-copaene (Lagoa de Sao Francisco. The five samples presented differences in the chemical composition of volatile fractions. The studies pointed out the need of characterizing propolis from Piaui by geographic regions and by seasons (drought and rainy periods.

  15. Reprodukcinės teisės: sąvokos turinys ir ištakos

    OpenAIRE

    Dzekunskaitė, Salomėja; Meilius, Kazimieras

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the article is to analyse the content of the concept of the so-called reproductive rights and to overview its genesis. Despite continuous intents to legitimize reproductive rights, the concept of these rights remains polemic and is often estimated as contradictory. In the first part, the authors discuss the very first contradiction that lies in the term of reproduction itself, because it reflects the views where a human being can be considered as a result of a technological process...

  16. A Whiter Shade of Grey: A new approach to archaeological grey literature using the XML version of the TEI Guidelines

    OpenAIRE

    Gail Falkingham

    2005-01-01

    This article has arisen through the author's interest in two contemporary issues within archaeology: the production and dissemination of grey literature and the potential of XML. Grey literature is examined, with specific reference to unpublished reports literature produced in the present climate of developer-funded archaeology in England. There are concerns about the accessibility of this literature, both from within and beyond the archaeological profession. The vast majority of reports are ...

  17. Consideration doktrinos reikšmė bendrojoje teisėje ir sugretinimas su Lietuvos teise

    OpenAIRE

    Gumbis, Jaunius

    2003-01-01

    The presence of consideration, as a mandatory precondition for legal enforceability of a promise made, was first demanded to be proven in 1539 in England. A promise was not legally binding without certain causa already in Roman law. This causa had primarily been understood as a good reason which resulted in making the promise and which stipulated a sufficient basis for ensuring fulfilment of the promise. Although 4 becomes logically to presume or even apparent that any law system requires the...

  18. Constituintes químicos voláteis das flores e folhas do pau-brasil (Caesalpinia echinata, Lam.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rezende Claudia M.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The volatile constituents obtained from a static cryogenic headspace of Caesalpinia echinata Lam. (Leguminosae showed E-beta-ocimene as the major compound (57.2%, beside other monoterpenes, C6 derivatives like n-hexanal and (E-2-hexenal and nitrogen compounds such as indole and methyl anthranilate. From the essential oil of the leaves obtained by hydrodistillation in a Clevenger apparatus, (E-3-hexen-1-ol was identified as the major constituent while phenolic compounds were the most representative class of secondary metabolites.

  19. Adolf Černý jako první český překladatel novodobé běloruské literatury

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Černý, Marcel

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 82, 1-2 (2013), s. 69-111 ISSN 0037-6736. [Mezinárodní sjezd slavistů /15./. Minsk, 20.08.2013-27.08.2013] Institutional support: RVO:68378017 Keywords : Czech-Belarusian literary relations * Belarusian literatur * reception * translatology Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  20. Muusikamaailm : Lihavõttefestivalid Euroopas. Uus kontserdimaja avati Barcelonas. Johann Adolf Hasse ئ 300. Märtsikuu teisi tähtpäevi / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    1999-01-01

    Lihavõttefestivalidest Salzburgis, Viinis ja Luzernis. kontsertidest, esinejatest. Barcelonas avatud uuest kontserdimajast L"Auditori. Helilooja 300. sünniaastapäeva puhul on mitmel pool Euroopas välja toodud tema ooperite uuslavastusi. Muusikute tähtpäevi märtsis 1999

  1. Pure and simple

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mackinney-Valentin, Maria; Brun Petersen, Trine

    An analysis of the rise of blandness in fashion through Adolf Loos' work on the ornament and visual sobriety......An analysis of the rise of blandness in fashion through Adolf Loos' work on the ornament and visual sobriety...

  2. Constituintes voláteis de Mentha pulegium L. e Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng Volatile constituents of Mentha pulegium L. and Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng

    OpenAIRE

    R.A Oliveira; I.C.G Sá; L.P Duarte; F.F Oliveira

    2011-01-01

    Nesse trabalho foi investigado a composição química de óleos essenciais de duas plantas medicinais cultivadas em Ilhéus, Brasil, Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour.) Spreng. (hortelã-grosso) e Mentha pulegium L. (poejo). Os óleos essenciais foram extraídos das folhas frescas por hidrodestilação e foram analisados por CG/FID e CG-EM, na primavera e no inverno. P. amboinicus forneceu, tanto na primavera como no inverno, 0,10% de óleo sendo timol o componente majoritário. M. pulegium forneceu na prim...

  3. Teisės vykdyti formalųjį profesinį mokymą administracinis teisinis reglamentavimas (antikorupcinis vertinimas).

    OpenAIRE

    Jurgaitis, Vidmantas; Kosmačaitė, Violeta

    2014-01-01

    During an economic crisis, increased competition in the market, declining manufacturing, and increased unemployment may encourage some entities to claim allocation of equipment and personnel for vocational education and training in an attempt to enter into or strengthen their position in the vocational education and training services market. They may use various means, including lobbying or even corrupt methods to acquire the right to provide such services and thus claim national budget funds...

  4. Constituintes voláteis das folhas e dos galhos de Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume (Lauraceae Volatile constituents from leaves and branches of Cinnamomum zeylanicum Blume (Lauraceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria da Paz Lima

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available Os óleos essenciais das folhas e dos galhos de Cinnamomum zeylanicum coletada no município de Manaus, estado do Amazonas, foram obtidos por hidrodestilação e analisados através de CG-EM. Vinte e três constituintes foram identificados nas folhas, dos quais o eugenol foi o que apresentou maior porcentagem (60%. Nos galhos foram identificados trinta e seis componentes, com predominância dos monoterpenos alfa- e beta-pineno (9,9%; 3,5%, alfa-felandreno (9,2%, p-cimeno (6,2%, limoneno (7,9%, linalol (10,6%; os sesquiterpenos alfa-copaeno (3,3%, (beta -cariofileno (6,7%, óxido de cariofileno (3,1% e os alilbenzenos (E-cinamaldeído (7,8% e acetato de (E-cinamila (9,7%.The essential oils of the leaves and branches "of Cinnamomum zeylanicum, collected at Manaus, state of Amazonas, were obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by GC-MS. Twenty-three components were identified, of which eugenol, was the major (60%. Thirty-six components were identified in the branch oil, among them the monoterpenes alpha-pinene (9.9 %, beta-pinene (3.5 %, alpha phellandrene (9.2 %, p-cymene (6.2%, limonene (7.9%, linalool (10.6% were the most abundant, followed by the sesquiterpenes alpha-copaene (3.3%, (beta-caryophyllene (6.7%, caryophyllene oxide (3.1% and the allybenzenes (E-cinnamaldehyde (7.8%, (E-cinnamyl acetate (9.7%.

  5. Constituintes voláteis de Mentha pulegium L. e Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour. Spreng Volatile constituents of Mentha pulegium L. and Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour. Spreng

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.A Oliveira

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Nesse trabalho foi investigado a composição química de óleos essenciais de duas plantas medicinais cultivadas em Ilhéus, Brasil, Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour. Spreng. (hortelã-grosso e Mentha pulegium L. (poejo. Os óleos essenciais foram extraídos das folhas frescas por hidrodestilação e foram analisados por CG/FID e CG-EM, na primavera e no inverno. P. amboinicus forneceu, tanto na primavera como no inverno, 0,10% de óleo sendo timol o componente majoritário. M. pulegium forneceu na primavera 0,20% de óleo e no inverno 0,09%. Os componentes majoritários dos óleos foram pulegona e trans-cariofileno; borneol, mentol e piperitona foram identificados em menores quantidades. No inverno foram observados maiores quantidades de mentol e isomentol. Acetatos de neoisomentila, de mentila e de isometila foram observados somente no inverno. Esse trabalho contribui para o conhecimento das espécies vegetais cultivadas na região do sul da BahiaThis work investigated the chemical composition of the essential oils of two medicinal plants grown in Ilhéus Municipality, Bahia State, Brazil: Plectranthus amboinicus (Lour. Spreng (Mexican mint and Mentha pulegium L. (pennyroyal. The essential oils were extracted from fresh leaves by hydrodistillation and analyzed by GC-FID and GC-MS, in the spring and in the winter. In both seasons, P. amboinicus yielded 0.10% oil and had thymol as major component. M. pulegium yielded 0.20% and 0.09% oil in the spring and winter, respectively. The major components were pulegone and trans-caryophyllene, whereas borneol, menthol and piperitone were identified at small quantities. Higher menthol and isomenthol levels were detected in the winter. In addition, neoisomenthyl, menthyl and isomenthyl acetates were only observed in the winter. This work contributes to the knowledge of plant species grown in southern Bahia

  6. Contaminantes voláteis provenientes de embalagens plásticas: desenvolvimento e validação de métodos analíticos

    OpenAIRE

    Freire,Maria Teresa de Alvarenga; Bottoli,Carla Beatriz Grespan; Fabris,Samanta; Reyes,Felix Guillermo Reyes

    2008-01-01

    Plastic packaging materials intended for use in food packaging is an area of great interest from the scientific and economic point of view due to the irreversible internationalization and globalization process of food products. Nevertheless, a debate related to food safety aspects has emerged within the scientific community. Therefore, the development of analytical methods that allow identifying and quantifying chemical substances of toxicological potential in the packaging is considered esse...

  7. Properties of YBCO films grown by the sputtering method in low gas pressure; Tei gas sputtering ho ni yori keiseishita YBCO maku no tokusei

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matsui, T.; Kimura, H.; Suzuki, T. [Fuji Electric Corporate Research and Development, Ltd., Kanagawa (Japan)

    1996-06-10

    Formation of YBa2Cu3O2 (YBCO) films by low gas pressure sputtering and their characteristics are outlined. The film formation process proceeded at the substrate temperature of 650{degree}C, using a Y-Ba-Cu-O sintered body as the target, the (110) plane of MgO or SrTiO3 as the substrate, and Ar+50%O2 as the sputtering gas. When the substrate is positioned in the flight path of negative ions of oxygen, ions strike the film, causing re-sputtering and damage on crystals. When the substrate is positioned so that the distance between the target and substrate is approximately equal to the mean free path, crystals are damaged less, and an excellently oriented film is formed, the rate of growth being several times faster than that in the high gas pressure sputtering process. It has been found that film formation in pure Ar under the same low pressure (0.5Pa) also results in the formation of a YBCO structure, which means that oxygen required for film formation is supplied from the target. The relationship between film resistivity and temperature, or the dependence of film resistivity upon temperature, suggests that the film grows into an orthorhombic system. This is because the oxygen emitted by the target under low gas pressure is in the activated state when it lands on the film. 8 refs., 5 figs.

  8. Surgical treatment of paraphimosis in common Teiu (Tupinambis merianae: Teiidae). Tratamento cirúrgico da parafimose em Teiú ("Tupinambis merianae: Teiidae")

    OpenAIRE

    Mário Ântônio Pinto Romão; Maria de Lourdes Gonçalves Ferreira; Sávio Freire Bruno; Cristina Mendes Pliego; Marília Botelho de Oliveira Chaudon

    2007-01-01

    Reptiles are susceptible to several conditions that require surgical treatment. In this case, basic knowledge of anatomy and physiology is necessary to reach a successful treatment. Paraphimosis consists in prolapse of one or both hemipenis, in male squamata reptiles, caused by infection, trauma, drillings, constipation and neurological dysfunction. The treatment can be conservative or surgical; it depends on the severity of the lesion. It is reported here a hemipenis amputation in Tupinanbis...

  9. Specialūs teisės aktai, reglamentuojantys darbo drausmę Lietuvoje, ir Darbo kodekso 231 straipsnio nuostatų įgyvendinimo perspektyvos

    OpenAIRE

    Vėgelis, Vidmondas

    2008-01-01

    After the restoration of Lithuanian independence and in pursuance of the Lithuanian labor law reform, it was assumed that the labor discipline should be regulated by specific regulatory provisions within those state economic sectors and areas of activities (work) where it is appropriate to introduce a stricter disciplinary liability to the staff. These created preconditions for the legislature provide for in Article 231 of Labour Code that the labor discipline of different personnel categorie...

  10. Componentes voláteis do café torrado. Parte I: compostos heterocíclicos Volatile components in roasted coffee. Part I: heterocyclic compounds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Alberto Bastos De Maria

    1999-04-01

    Full Text Available A review of heterocyclic compounds in roasted coffee is presented. The contents, precursors and sensorial properties of furans, pyrroles, oxazoles, thiazoles, thiophenes, pyrazines and pyridines are discussed. The impact heterocyclic compounds of coffee aroma are described.

  11. Surgical treatment of paraphimosis in common Teiu (Tupinambis merianae: Teiidae. Tratamento cirúrgico da parafimose em Teiú ("Tupinambis merianae: Teiidae"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mário Ântônio Pinto Romão

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Reptiles are susceptible to several conditions that require surgical treatment. In this case, basic knowledge of anatomy and physiology is necessary to reach a successful treatment. Paraphimosis consists in prolapse of one or both hemipenis, in male squamata reptiles, caused by infection, trauma, drillings, constipation and neurological dysfunction. The treatment can be conservative or surgical; it depends on the severity of the lesion. It is reported here a hemipenis amputation in Tupinanbis merianae, which was presented to the Wild Animals’ division of Faculdade de Veterinária of Universidade Federal Fluminense. The animal showed a prolapse of that organ, and directed to Pathology and Clinic Surgical section, where surgical treatment was performed.Os répteis estão susceptíveis a uma grande variedade de condições que requerem intervenção cirúrgica, necessitando-se de conhecimento básico de anatomia e fisiologia para o sucesso do tratamento. A parafimose consiste no prolapso de um ou ambos hemipênis, em répteis squamata machos, podendo ser conseqüência de infecção, traumas, sondagem para sexagem, constipação e de disfunção neurológica. O tratamento pode ser conservador ou cirúrgico, dependendo do grau de comprometimento do órgão. Relata-se a amputação de hemipênis em Tupinambis merianae, atendido no setor de Animais Silvestres da Faculdade de Veterinária da Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF, com histórico de trauma, e apresentando prolapso de hemipênis, sendo encaminhado ao setor de Patologia e Clínica Cirúrgica para tratamento cirúrgico.

  12. PERFIL DOS COMPONENTES VOLÁTEIS PRODUZIDOS PELO FUNGO FITOPATÓGENO Albonectria rigidiuscula EM DIFERENTES CONDIÇÕES DE CULTIVO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco C. Oliveira

    Full Text Available The VOCs produced by the Albonectria rigidiuscula fungus in different conditions were obtained by headspace-solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME and analyzed by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS. Fourty-four VOCs were identified in different culture media and incubation periods. The highest production of VOCs occurred in solid rice medium and 14 days of incubation. The compounds 3-methylbutan-1-ol, 2-methylbutan-1-ol, γ-muurolene and nerolidol acetate were produced by A. rigidiuscula in all culture conditions. γ-Muurolene was identified as the major compound (40.78%, 26.24% and 27.04% in PD medium and it was suggested as a chemical marker for this fungus. The use of multivariate data analysis (PCA and (HCA allowed the discrimination of the volatile chemical profiles according to the culture medium.

  13. Esqueleto pré-sacral e sacral dos lagartos teiêdeos (Squamata, Teiidae Pressacral and sacral skeleton of teiids lizards (Squamata, Teiidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lauren Betina Veronese

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available The morphology of the axial skeleton -pressacral and sacral regions - of the nine genera of Teiidae Boulenger, 1885 comprising Ameiva Meyer, 1795, Callopistes Gravenhorst, 1838, Cnemidophorus Wagler, 1830, Crocodilurus Spix, 1825, Dicrodon Duméril & Bibron, 1839, Dracaena Daudin, 1802, Kenlropyx Spix, 1825, Teius Merrem, 1820 and Tupinambis Daudin, 1803 is here analysed under a comparative approach. The study is in a generic levei, and the principal conclusions reter to differences on the total number of vertebrae and some aspects of the ribs, especially their insertion and presence.

  14. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tracie1

    surely dying by the end of the novel. The picture of Antonio does not subscribe to either prey or predator in the text, even when he is the one that breaks Ebele's heart. Relationships fall apart every day and since the text does not go into details on what transpired to make Antonio leave Ebele, it is best taken as a gay ...

  15. Development of technology for thin substrate polycrystalline solar cells for practical use. Development of manufacturing technologies for low-cost substrates (low-cost Si sheets by continuous casting method); Usugata takessho taiyo denchi seizo gijutsu no jitsuyoka kenkyu. Tei cost kiban seizo gijutsu kaihatsu (renzoku cast ho ni yoru tei cost Si kiban seizo gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tatsuta, M. [New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-12-01

    This paper reports the study results on manufacturing of low-cost Si substrates by continuous casting method in fiscal 1994. (1) On manufacturing of ingots of 16 piece size, the ingot of nearly 170kg was manufactured by batch process using the Si melt injection unit prepared in last year. (2) On oxygen and carbon contents in wafers, the contents were measured by FT-IR after slicing of the ingot. As a result, the oxygen and carbon contents could be successfully reduced to the targets of 10ppma and 5ppma or less, respectively. (3) The resistivity distribution of the ingot ranged over the target of 1-2ohm-cm. (4) Cells of 100 {times} 100mm{sup 2} wide and 350{mu}m thick were verified by in-house evaluation process. Although lower cell conversion efficiency was found at the center top of the ingot, a vertical efficiency stability was nearly sufficient as a whole. (5) On the crystal growth unit prepared in fiscal 1994, any problems were not found on automatic driving and vibration during moving. 8 figs.

  16. Contemporary issues in evolutionary biology

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    focussing on prions as mediators of TEI. In the light of environment-specific generation/loss and survival advan- tages conferred by some prions, he suggests that TEI through prions may be adaptive. TEI may also occur through the placenta in placental mammals, and Sailasree et al. review this phenomenon. Apart from the ...

  17. Saksa teadlane koostas Hitleri perekonna genealoogia / Urmas Kiil

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kiil, Urmas

    2007-01-01

    Saksa genealoog Ralf G. Jahn koostas detailse kroonika Hitleri perekonnast ning avaldas selle raamatuna "Hitlers Familiengeheimniss - Geschichte und Genealogie der Vorfahren und Verwandten von Adolf Hitler"

  18. O declínio da soberania ou a emergência de normas cosmopolitanas?: repensando a cidadania em tempos voláteis = Twilight of sovereignty or the emergence of cosmopolitan norms?: rethinking citizenship in volatile times

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benhabib, Seyla

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este ensaio examina os recentes debates relacionados à emergência de normas cosmopolitanas como aquelas pertinentes aos direitos humanos universais, crimes contra a humanidade, bem como o status de refugiado, imigrante e exilado. O que alguns veem como a difusão de um novo regime de direitos humanos e uma nova ordem mundial, outros denunciam como a “expansão do império” ou caracterizam como “lei sem um estado”. Em contraste, concentrando-se no relacionamento do capitalismo global com a lei desterritorializada, este ensaio distingue entre a disseminação das normas dos direitos humanos e a desterritorialização dos regimes legais. Embora tanto as normas cosmopolitanas como a lei desterritorializada desafiem o estado-nação e ameacem escapar do controle por meio de legislaturas democráticas, argumenta-se que as normas cosmopolitanas melhoram a soberania popular enquanto muitas outras formas de direito global a debilitam. Conclui-se pleiteando uma visão do “federalismo republicano” e de “iterações democráticas”, os quais aumentariam a soberania popular através do estabelecimento de interconexões entre o local, o nacional e o global

  19. Kai kurių bendrųjų europos bendrijos teisės principų taikymo ypatumai administruojant viešąjį saugumą

    OpenAIRE

    Kalašnykas, Remigijus

    2007-01-01

    After the Republic of Lithuania became the member of European Union, Police as other institutions of Law and Order must realize constitutional strategic goals of Lithuanian Government, one of these goals is to guarantee public security and public order. The authors of this article propose the conception of public security, analyze the aspects of applying some European Community principles to the changeable Lithuanian public law and examine their results to the conditions of the activities of ...

  20. Constituintes químicos fixos e voláteis dos talos e frutos de Piper tuberculatum Jacq. e das raízes de P. hispidum H. B. K.

    OpenAIRE

    Facundo,Valdir Alves; Pollli,Aline Roberta; Rodrigues,Rosely Valéria; Militão,Júlio S. L Teixeira; Stabelli,Rodrigo Guerino; Cardoso,Cosuelo Tamiris

    2008-01-01

    Os óleos essenciais dos frutos e talos finos de Piper tuberculatum e das raízes de P. hispidum, coletados no estado de Rondônia, foram obtidos por hidrodestilação e analisados por GC e GC-MS. Foram identificados como constituintes majoritários, nos óleos dos frutos e talos finos de P. tuberculatum, o óxido de cariofileno (32,1%) e (26,6%) e o (E)-cariofileno (17,7%) e (12,3%), respectivamente. No óleo essencial das raízes de P. hispidum, foram identificados, como constituintes majoritários, o...

  1. Volatile compounds in noni (Morinda citrifolia L. at two ripening stages Compostos voláteis em noni (Morinda citrifolia L. em dois estágios de maturação

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Antonio Pino

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The volatile components of noni at two ripening stages were isolated by headspace solid-phase microextraction using 65 µm Polydimethylsiloxane-Divinylbenzene (PDMS/DVB fibers and analyzed using GC/MS. Both maturation stages had several compounds in common. Ninety-six compounds were identified, from which octanoic acid ( 70% of total extract and hexanoic acid ( 8% of total extract were found to be the major constituents. Due to noni maturation, octanoic acid, decanoic acid and 2E-nonenal decreased their concentrations, while some esters (methyl hexanoate, methyl octanoate, ethyl octanoate and methyl 4E-decenoate, which their fruity odor notes, increased their contents. Two unsaturated esters, reported for the first time in this fruit, 3-methyl-3-buten-1-yl hexanoate and 3-methyl-3-buten-1-yl octanoate, significantly decreased their concentration in the ripe to over-ripe fruits.Los compuestos volátiles del noni en los dos estados de madurez se aislaron mediante microextracción en fase sólida por headspace con fibras de 65 mm Polidimetilsiloxano-Divinilbenceno (PDMS/DVB y se analizaron por cromatografía de gases/espectrometría de masas. Ambos estados de madurez poseen numerosos constituyentes en común. Se identificaron 96 compuestos, de los cuales el ácido octanoico ( 70% del extracto total y ácido hexanoico ( 8% del extracto total fueron los componentes mayoritarios. Debido a la maduración del noni, el ácido octanoico, ácido decanoico y 2E-nonenal disminuyeron su contenido, mientras que algunos ésteres (hexanoato de metilo, octanoato de metilo, octanoato de etilo y 4E-decenoato de metilo, con sus olororosas notas frutales, incrementaron la concentración. Dos ésteres insaturados, reportados por primera vez en esta fruta, hexanoato de 3-metil-3-buten-1-ilo y octanoato de 3-metil-3-buten-1-ilo, disminuyeron significativamente su concentración al pasar la fruta del estado maduro al sobremaduro.

  2. Constituintes químicos voláteis das folhas e galhos de Zanthoxylum syncarpum Tull. Volatile chemical constituents of the leaves and twigs from Zanthoxylum syncarpum Tull.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mariano George Sousa Vieira

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The essential oils of the leaves and twigs from Zanthoxylum syncarpum Tull. were examined by GC/MS and GC-FID. Variation in the oil composition relative to the harvesting time was also described. The major components in the leaves oils were limonene (23.1-47.3% and myrcene (4.8-10.8%. In the oils of twigs, the main components were ar-curcumene (12.8-18.1%, E-β-farnesene (9.1-9.7% and β-caryophyllene (9.2-9.3%. This paper describes for the first time the composition of the essential oil of the twigs from Z. syncarpum.

  3. Ozônio troposférico e compostos orgânicos voláteis em região impactada pela agroindústria canavieira

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula Francisco

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to evaluate the concentrations of tropospheric ozone and VOCs under the sugarcane agro-industry emissions in urban and rural areas of Araraquara, SP. The sampling was performed using active and passive air samplers during the sugarcane harvest and in the period between harvests in 2011 and 2012. Also, canisters were undertaken in 3 situations: during and after the burning of the cane plantations and in an urban area. Instrumental analysis was carried out using gas and ion chromatography. The highest VOC concentrations were found for toluene and d-limonene at the urban area and for ethene during the burning of sugarcane. Although sugarcane industry is an important emission source of ozone precursors, in this study the tropospheric ozone levels do not increased significantly under sugarcane agro-industry emissions.

  4. Componentes voláteis do café torrado. Parte II. Compostos alifáticos, alicíclicos e aromáticos Volatile components in roasted coffee. Part II. Aliphatic, alicyclic and aromatic compounds

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Felipe Alves Moreira

    2000-04-01

    Full Text Available This review is about the aliphatic, alicyclic and aromatic compounds (non-heterocyclic compounds that are present in the volatile fractions of roasted coffees. Herein, the contents, aroma precursors and the sensorial properties of volatile phenols, aldehydes, ketones, alcohols, ethers, hydrocarbons, carboxylic acids, anhydrides, esters, lactones, amines and sulphur compounds are discussed. Special attention is given to the compounds of these groups that are actually important to the final aroma of roasted coffees.

  5. Análise da madeira de Pinus oocarpa parte I: estudo dos constituintes macromoleculares e extrativos voláteis Chemical analysis of Pinus oocarpa wood part I: quantification of macromolecular components and volatile extractives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Antônio Lemos de Morais

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Neste estudo foram analisados os principais componentes químicos da madeira de Pinus oocarpa, cultivado na região do cerrado. A composição química dessa madeira foi: 59,05% de a-celulose, 21,22% de hemiceluloses A e B, 25,18% de lignina, 2,78% de extrativos em diclorometano, 4,38% de extrativos em etanol:tolueno, 4,31% de extrativos em água quente e 1,26% de cinzas. O conteúdo de celulose foi relativamente elevado, indicando que essa madeira possui grande potencial para produção de pasta de celulose. Investigou-se, também, a composição dos extrativos. Os principais constituintes do extrato diclorometano dessa madeira foram os ácidos diterpênicos, além dos ácidos palmítico e oléico. No óleo essencial, extraído por aparelho de Clevenger, os principais componentes identificados foram aromadendreno, ledano, hexadecanal e ácido oléico.The chemical composition of Pinus oocarpa wood cultivated in the Brazilian cerrado was established. The obtained results were: a-cellulose (59.05%, hemicelluloses A and B (21.22%, lignin (25.18%, dichloromethane extractives (2.78%, ethanol:toluene extractives (4.38%, hot water extractives (4.31% and ash (1.26%. The cellulose content was high. This result opens perspectives for using Pinus oocarpa wood in pulp and paper industries. Most of the dichloromethane extractives were diterpenic, palmitic and oleic acids. The volatile composition, obtained by means of the Clevenger method followed by GC-MS analysis was constituted mainly by aromadendrene, ledane, hexadecanal and oleic acid.

  6. CARACTERIZAÇÃO FÍSICO-QUÍMICA, NUTRICIONAL E DE COMPOSTOS VOLÁTEIS DE FRUTOS DE Jacaratia spinosa PROVENIENTES DE TRÊS REGIÕES DO ESTADO DE SÃO PAULO-BRASIL

    OpenAIRE

    Prospero, Evanilda Teresinha Perissinotto; Silva, Paula Porrelli Moreira da; Spoto, Marta Helena Fillet

    2016-01-01

    O objetivo do trabalho foi caracterizar a partir de três lotes a fruta in natura do Jacaratia spinosa (AUBL) A.DC, jaracatiá, quanto aos parâmetros peso, comprimento, largura, densidade, textura, cor da casca, cor da polpa, atividade de água; pH, teor de sólidos solúveis (TSS), acidez titulável (AT), carotenóides, ácido ascórbico; umidade, cinzas, proteínas, lipídeos, fibras solúveis e fibras insolúveis, açucares totais, açucares redutores e valor calórico total (VCT). O jaracatiá é fruta nat...

  7. Caracterização dos ácidos graxos das sementes e compostos voláteis dos frutos de espécies do gênero Passiflora

    OpenAIRE

    Vieira, Maria Aparecida Ribeiro [UNESP

    2006-01-01

    A cultura do maracujazeiro encontra-se em expansão no Brasil. A espécie mais cultivada no país é Passiflora edulis (maracujá-amarelo), representando 95% dos pomares comerciais. O suco, em conjunto com o aroma, é utilizado na elaboração de refrescos, doces, geléia, sorvete e licores. A produção de suco gera toneladas de resíduo, composto por cascas e sementes, sendo em grande parte descartados. Outros usos ligados à indústria cosmética, farmacêutica e alimentícia, ainda permanecem inexplorados...

  8. Nanocompósito montmorilonita/polipirrol: preparação, caracterização e aplicação como sensores de voláteis

    OpenAIRE

    de Fátima Bezerra de Lira, Liliana

    2006-01-01

    Nanocompósitos de argila/polímero têm sido bastante estudados nos últimos dez anos por causa da possibilidade de sua utilização em aplicações industriais. As argilas são minerais da família dos filossilicatos que, constituídas por folhas, camadas ou lamelas, possuem estrutura do tipo Tetraédrica-Octaédrica-Tetraédrica (T-O-T) com hidroxilas na superfície e cátions livres entre as lamelas, o que faz com que a troca iônica seja relativamente facilitada. Devido à sua estrutura lam...

  9. Avaliação de pisos táteis como elemento de wayfinding em escola de ensino especial para crianças com deficiência visual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tania Pietzschke Abate

    Full Text Available Resumo Este artigo busca analisar a orientação espacial dos alunos com deficiência visual em escola de educação especial localizada na cidade de São Paulo antes e após a implantação de sinalização tátil no piso, importante elemento do sistema chamado wayfinding. Na primeira etapa da pesquisa (período entre outubro e dezembro de 2012, foram realizadas observações com os alunos (pré-escola e ensino fundamental com deficiência visual (cegueira e baixa visão para avaliação da orientação durante a circulação no edifício escolar. Após a reforma do piso existente em 2014, as autoras implantaram a sinalização tátil no piso (ABNT, 2004 na área de circulação e iniciaram a segunda etapa da pesquisa (período entre agosto e setembro de 2014, com novas observações. Foram consideradas as premissas adotadas para a definição da unidade estudo de caso e os critérios de escolha do instrumento de coleta de dados. Constatou-se que a implantação da sinalização tátil no piso nas áreas de circulação de alunos com deficiência visual requer familiarização com o uso, iniciada por meio de treinamento de orientação e mobilidade (O&M; disponibilização e aprendizado de uso concomitante do mapa tátil; adoção da bengala de rastreamento; escalonamento dos horários de intervalo das diferentes classes; definição de mãos de direção; segurança no trajeto e monitoramento.

  10. Novos aditivos microbianos na ensilagem da cana-de-açúcar: composição bromatológica, perdas fermentativas, componentes voláteis e estabilidade aeróbia

    OpenAIRE

    Schmidt,Patrick; Rossi Junior,Paulo; Junges,Daniel; Dias,Laila Talarico; Almeida,Rodrigo de; Mari,Lucas José

    2011-01-01

    Nesta pesquisa, comparou-se a inclusão de aditivo composto por cepas de Lactobacillus brevis + Enterococcus faecium + L. plantarum à inoculação com aditivo comercial contendo cepas de Lactobacillus buchneri e à ensilagem sem aditivos (controle). As silagens foram confeccionadas em silos experimentais e armazenadas por 90 dias antes da abertura do silo. Foram avaliadas a composição bromatológica da cana-de-açúcar antes e após a ensilagem, a composição de ácidos orgânicos e etanol das silagens,...

  11. Efeito do 1-metilciclopropeno sobre a emissão dos ésteres voláteis de bananas ao longo do amadurecimento Efferct of 1-MCP on esters volatiles eission of bananas along the ripening

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baraquizio Braga do Nascimento Junior

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Fresh green bananas (Musa sp., subgroup Prata were treated with a dose of only 90 ηg g-1 of 1-MCP for 13 hours and the evolution of the volatile compounds along the ripeness was studied. A method to quantify the emission of esters was developed by cryogenic headspace and gas chromatography. Esters of acetate, butyrate, isobutyrate and isovalerate were found as major compounds. The application of the 1-MCP for 13 hours delayed the appearance of the coloration 8 of the peel for 3 days and decreased quantitatively in about 46% the total production of esters in the banana until the 15° day of harvested.

  12. Óleos voláteis de espécies de Myrcia nativas do Rio Grande do Sul Essential oils from Myrcia species native to Rio Grande do Sul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata P. Limberger

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Essential oils from M. richardiana, M. arborescens, M. selloi, M. oligantha, M. rostrata, M. lajeana, M. obtecta, M. pubipetala and M. hatschbachii were obtained by hydrodistillation and analyzed by GC and GC/MS. Sixty-seven compounds have been identified ranging from 90-99% of the oil contents. All analyzed species were rich in cyclic sesquiterpenes (66-99%, mainly those from the cadinane, caryophyllane and germacrane cyclization pathway, among them b-caryophyllene, germacrene D, bicyclogermacrene, d-cadinene, spathulenol, caryophyllene oxide, globulol and a-cadinol. The acyclic sesquiterpene series was well represented by M. lajeana (32.1%, with 25,3% of (E-nerolidyl acetate.

  13. Kategorijų - vykdomoji valdžia, valstybinis valdymas (administravimas) ir viešasis administravimas - samprata ir santykis Lietuvos administracinėje teisėje

    OpenAIRE

    Bakaveckas, Audrius

    2007-01-01

    The subject of the Paper is an analysis of the key categories used in administrative law of Lithuania, because their number was gradually increasing after the restoration of Independence and the issues bound with their interrelations are not widely discussed upon in scientific references. Immediately after the restoration of Independence (11 March, 1990), the basis of regulation of administrative law in Lithuania was the state governing, then, after the transfer to the state power organizing ...

  14. Objektinės mokytojų teisės į sveiką ir saugią darbo aplinką ir subjektinių teisių užtikrinimo vertinimas

    OpenAIRE

    Merkys, Gediminas; Urmonas, Algimantas; Bubelienė, Daiva

    2011-01-01

    In the article the problem of teacher’s rights to a healthy and safe working environment is analyzed from the interdisciplinary (including sociology, education and law) point of a view. The cooperation between different disciplines including sociological analysis of law’s objects and educational information helped to reveal more objectively the legal dysfunctions, the creation of social technologies, combining the opportunities of legal and other social sciences. In the article, according to ...

  15. Predicting resistance to stress: incremental validity of trait emotional intelligence over alexithymia and optimism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mikolajczak, Moïra; Luminet, Olivier; Menil, Clémentine

    2006-01-01

    As trait emotional intelligence [TEI] is claimed to facilitate adaptation, study 1 (N= 80) investigated whether TEI would be associated with adaptative outcomes such as enhanced self-reported mental and physical health. As these assumptions were supported, study 2 (N= 75) tested the hypothesis of a moderating effect of TEI on the relationship between stress and psychological and somatic health. Incremental validity of TEI over alexithymia and optimism was also examined. We chose academic exams as the stressor and took measures at the beginning of the year and during the examination period. Regression analyses predicting changes in mental/somatic health from baseline to follow-up revealed that TEI significantly moderated the relationship between examination stress and self-reported health. The fact that high EI people appraised the examination situation as less threatening partly explained this effect. Moreover, TEI predicted both mental and somatic symptoms amid stress over and above alexithymia and optimism.

  16. Updating nurse graduate knowledge – the development of the “Evidence Based Practice In Nursing” continuing educational programme

    OpenAIRE

    Stavropoulou, Areti

    2015-01-01

    In recent years there has been given great importance in designing continuing education and lifelong learning programs. The development process of such programs is strongly related to successful learning outcomes. The aim of this paper is to describe the process followed to design the “Evidence Based Practice in Nursing” Continuing Educational Program which implemented at the Technological Educational Institute (TEI) of Crete, TEI Athens and ΑTEI of Thessaloniki during the academic year 2014-...

  17. U.S. Directory of Marine Scientists 1982

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-01-01

    Dynamics & GFD. ESTOQUE , MARIANO A, Professor, Division of OSTLUND, H GOTE, Professor of Marine and Atmospheric Sciences. Atmospheric Chemistry...Andrew D 101 Estes, Jim A 122 Ferrari, Frank D 44 Ebel, Wesley J 133 Estevez, Ernest D 74 Festa, John F 72 Ebeling, Alfred W 114 Estoque , Mariano A 69...45 McMillan, 3. A. 104Hiltunen, J. K. 84 Estoque , M. A. 69 Olson, F. L. 37 Hoopes, 3. A. 119 Evans, R. H. 103 Purvis, C. E. 60 Jackson, W. B. 93

  18. The Leading Edge of Teacher Education and ESD

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKeown, Rosalyn

    2014-01-01

    Teacher education institutions (TEIs) that are pioneers and leaders in education for sustainable development (ESD) have advanced the field through efforts in programmes, practices, and policies during the United Nations Decade of ESD. An international survey of TEIs by the UNESCO Chair on Reorienting Teacher Education to Address Sustainability at…

  19. Building the Capacity of Indonesian Education Universities for ICT in Pre-Service Teacher Education: A Case Study of a Strategic Planning Exercise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, Cher Ping; Pannen, Paulina

    2012-01-01

    This paper documents how four Indonesian teacher education institutions (TEIs) engaged in strategic planning to build their capacity in developing pre-service teachers' ICT in education competencies. These TEIs adopted a holistic approach towards strategic planning by drawing upon the six dimensions of the "Capacity Building Toolkit" for…

  20. Film, mis portreteerib ajalugu ennast / David Vseviov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vseviov, David, 1949-

    2005-01-01

    Mõtted, mida ajaloolases äratab mängufilm, kus peategelaseks on Adolf Hitler - "Allakäik" ("Der Untergang") : stsenarist ja produtsent Bernd Eichinger : režissöör Oliver Hirschbiegel : Saksamaa 2004

  1. Baltoscandalistide massiline meeleavaldus : Hitler inglise moodi ja tantsuteater spordikirikus / Marko Mägi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mägi, Marko

    2000-01-01

    Meeldejäävaimaid "teatripärleid" Rakvere teatrifestivalilt "Baltoscandal 2000" : ameerika New York Wyoming Dance Theatre Projecti all tegutseva Pat Creminsi tantsuõhtu ja inglase Pit Upponi kehastatud Hitler monotükis "Adolf"

  2. Empirical research in financial accounting in Germany, Austria and Switzerland

    OpenAIRE

    Möller, Hans P.

    1984-01-01

    Empirical research in financial accounting in Germany, Austria and Switzerland : a review / Adolf G. Coenenberg ; Peter Möller ; Franz Schmidt. - In: European contributions to accounting research / Anthony G. Hopwood ... (eds.). - Amsterdam : V. U. Uitgeverij, 1984. - S. 61-81

  3. Teatripeegel : Milliseid elamusi on hooaeg pakkunud Mihkel Mutile / Mihkel Mutt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mutt, Mihkel, 1953-

    1998-01-01

    Arthur Conan Doyle'i "Sherlock Holmes ja doktor Watson", lav. Ago-Endrik Kerge ja Bertold Brechti "Kolmekrossiooper", lav. Adolf Shapiro Tallinna Linnateatris. Humanitaarinstituudi teatrifakulteedi õpilaste esituses Jean Anouilh' "Antigone", lav. Lembit Peterson

  4. Nemtsõ razbivajut tabu i võvodjat na ekran Gitlera

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    2004.a. lõpul ja 2005.a. algul jõuavad saksa publikuni kaks linateost, kus peategelaseks on Adolf Hitler : Bernd Eichingeri "Allakäik" ("Der Untergang") ja Heinrich Breloeri "Speer ja tema" ("Speer und er")

  5. Teater toob Tallinna suitsuse olemisega Wuttke / Eva Kübar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kübar, Eva

    2008-01-01

    Tom Peuckerti "Artaud meenutab Adolf Hitlerit ja Romanisches Cafe'd" Berliner Ensemble'i esituses teatrifestivalil "Talveöö unenägu 2008", lavastaja Paul Plamper, esitaja Martin Wuttke. Temast pikemalt juttu

  6. A Desperate Struggle to Save a Condemned Army--A Critical Review of the Stalingrad Airlift

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Thyssen, Mike

    1997-01-01

    ... blunders of Adolf Hitler. Given that, this essay reflects a study of primary source material collected from key German commanders, as well as numerous documents collected in 1956 as part of the "Karlsruhe Collection...

  7. Hitler's Jewish Physicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisz, George M

    2014-07-01

    The mystery behind the behavior of infamous personalities leaves many open questions, particularly when related to the practice of medicine. This paper takes a brief look at two Jewish physicians who played memorable roles in the life of Adolf Hitler.

  8. A Bad Person Leading a Costly Conflict: Saddam Hussein and the 1980-1988 Iran-Iraq War

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Carpenter, Mace; Fanale, Rosalie

    2000-01-01

    Saddam Hussein was much like Adolf Hitler in his leadership philosophy ...the ends justify the means, survival of the fittest, lack of personal empathy, and reduced respect for the value of human life...

  9. The German Physical Society Under National Socialism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffmann, Dieter; Walker, Mark

    2004-12-01

    The history of the German Physical Society from 1933 to 1945 is not the same as a comprehensive history of physics under Adolf Hitler, but it does reflect important aspects of physicists' work and life during the Third Reich.

  10. Gordaja tshaika i dranaja vorona / Eteri Kekelidze

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kekelidze, Eteri, 1944-

    1999-01-01

    VIII "Baltiiski Dom" 8. - 16. okt. 1998 Sankt-Peterburis. Lavastajapreemia sai Adolf Shapiro lavastuse eest "Kolmekrossiooper" Tallinna Linnateatris. Festivalil osales ka Elmo Nüganeni lavastus "Arkaadia" Peterburi Suures Draamateatris

  11. Театральная радуга в городе белых ночей / Борис Тух

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Тух, Борис, 1946-

    2015-01-01

    16. teatrifestival Vikerkaar toimus Peterburis mais-juunis 2015, korraldas Aleksandr Brjantsevi nimeline Noorsooteater. Pikemalt Brjantsevi nim. Noorsooteatri lavastusest Ray Bradbury romaani "Võilillevein" ainetel (lavastaja Adolf Šapiro)

  12. Historická rusistika na stránkách Slovanského přehledu: tradice a současnost

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vlček, Radomír

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 101, č. 3 (2015), s. 497-528 ISSN 0037-6922 Institutional support: RVO:67985963 Keywords : Slavonic Review * History of scholarship * Russian studies * historical Russian studies * Adolf Černý Subject RIV: AB - History

  13. Linnateater pöördub Luigi Pirandello poeesia juurde / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2006-01-01

    Adolf Shapiro hakkab Linnateatris lavastama Luigi Pirandello "Nii see on, kui teile nii näib", kunstnikutöö teeb Vladimir Anshon, kostüümid Kristina Pasternaka Lätist ja valguskunstnik on Gleb Felshtinski

  14. Targutava Pirandello privaatsed pausid / Madis Kolk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kolk, Madis

    2006-01-01

    Luigi Pirandello "Nii see on, kui teile nii näib" Tallinna Linnateatris, lavastaja Adolf Shapiro, kunstnik Vladimir Anshon, kostüümid Kristina Pasternaka Lätist ja valguskunstnik Gleb Filshtinski. Esietendus 11. nov

  15. Ljubov bez ljubvi Luidzhi Pirandello / Jelena Skulskaja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Skulskaja, Jelena, 1950-

    2006-01-01

    Luigi Pirandello "Nii see on, kui teile nii näib" Tallinna Linnateatris, lavastaja Adolf Shapiro, kunstnik Vladimir Anshon, kostüümid Kristina Pasternaka Lätist ja valguskunstnik Gleb Filshtinski. Esietendus 11. nov

  16. Mis siis päriselt on? / Merit Kask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kask, Merit

    2006-01-01

    Luigi Pirandello "Nii see on, kui teile nii näib" Tallinna Linnateatris, lavastaja Adolf Shapiro, kunstnik Vladimir Anshon, kostüümid Kristina Pasternaka Lätist ja valguskunstnik Gleb Filshtinski. Esietendus 11. nov

  17. Luigi Pirandello skepsis tuiskab Taevalaval ringi / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2006-01-01

    Luigi Pirandello "Nii see on, kui teile nii näib" Tallinna Linnateatris, lavastaja Adolf Shapiro, kunstnik Vladimir Anshon, kostüümid Kristina Pasternaka Lätist ja valguskunstnik Gleb Filshtinski. Esietendus 11. nov

  18. Üritatakse parimat, aga välja tuleb nagu tavaliselt / Alar Niineväli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niineväli, Alar

    2009-01-01

    Bryan Singeri mängufilm "Operatsioon "Valküür"" ("Valkyrie"), peaosas Tom Cruise. Film räägib Claus von Stauffenbergi (1907-1944) poolt juhitud operatsioonist, mille eesmärgiks oli atendaat Adolf Hitlerile

  19. Ajalootund eetilistest natsidest / Jan Kaus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaus, Jan, 1971-

    2009-01-01

    Bryan Singeri mängufilm "Operatsioon "Valküür"" ("Valkyrie"), peaosas Tom Cruise. Film räägib Claus von Stauffenbergi (1907-1944) poolt juhitud operatsioonist, mille eesmärgiks oli atendaat Adolf Hitlerile

  20. Kirjad Hitlerile - Eestist! / Pekka Erelt

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Erelt, Pekka, 1965-

    2010-01-01

    Eesti Riigiarhiivis säilitatakse kümmekonda 1936.-1937. aastal Eesti elanikelt Adolf Hitlerile saadetud kirja. Need on osa 1945. aastal Berliinist saadud ja Moskvasse veetud sõjasaagist. Artikkel sisaldab katkendeid kirjadest

  1. Uhke ooberst von Stauffenberg põrus hästi suurelt / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2009-01-01

    Bryan Singeri mängufilm "Operatsioon "Valküür"" ("Valkyrie"), peaosas Tom Cruise. Film räägib Claus von Stauffenbergi (1907-1944) poolt juhitud operatsioonist, mille eesmärgiks oli atendaat Adolf Hitlerile

  2. Таллинн посетят короли танца

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2009-01-01

    Rahvusvahelise balletiprojekti " Tantsu kuningad 2009" raames esinevad 9. nov. Tallinnas 6 maailmakuulsat balletitähte. Projekti organiseerijateks on kunstiagentuur Ardani Artists (New York) ja Adolf Käisi Art Company (Eesti)

  3. Shapiro pani Nüganeni Moskva publikule tõtt näkku ütlema / Jaanus Piirsalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Piirsalu, Jaanus, 1973-

    2008-01-01

    Moskvas Et Cetera teatris 24. dets. esietendunud Adolf Shapiro lavastusest "451 kraadi Fahrenheiti järgi" Ray Bradbury teose ainetel, peaosas Elmo Nüganen. Refereeritakse vene ajakirjanduses ilmunud arvustusi

  4. Modernistid modernismi vastu : Loos, Schenker ja ilustuste kriitika / Nicolas Cook

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Cook, Nicolas

    2008-01-01

    Seoseid tänapäeva tuntuima muusikaanalüüsi meetodi leiutaja Heinrich Schenkeri teooria ja Viini modernistliku arhitekti Adolf Loosi ornamendikriitika vahel. Ettekanne Pärnu Nüüdismuusika Päevade konverentsil 2005

  5. The response of microalgal biomass and community composition to ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2011-06-06

    /cycles and gas exchange ..... range of transformation functions (Farnum, 1996; Chou et al.,. 1998). The maximum p-value for ...... PAERl HW, VAlDES LM, ADOLF JE and HARDING Jr. lW (2006). Anthropogenic and climatic ...

  6. The Battle of Crete: Hitler's Airborne Gamble

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Blank, Maria

    2003-01-01

    As Adolf Hitler conquered most of the European continent in 1939-1941, the small island of Crete in the Mediterranean Sea became vital to future operations in the Mediterranean region for both the Axis and Allied powers...

  7. Alfven. Symphony No 5 in A minor, Op. 54 / Robert Layton

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Layton, Robert

    1994-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Alfven. Symphony No 5 in A minor, Op. 54. The Mountain King - Suite, Gustav II Adolf, Op. 49 - Elegy. Royal Stockholm Philarmonic Orchestra / Neeme Järvi. BIS CD 585 (68 minutes) Recorded in association with Trygg Hansa"

  8. Wolfgang Pauli at the 6th meeting of the Nobel Prize laureates

    CERN Multimedia

    Franz Thorbecke, Lindau

    1956-01-01

    From left to right : ?, Max Born, Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, Adolf Friedrich Johann Butenandt, ?, Otto Hahn, Wolfgang Pauli, Franca Pauli, Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, Isidor Isaac Rabi, and Leopold Ruzicka

  9. Cosmos of science philosophical problems of the internal and external worlds

    CERN Document Server

    Earman, John

    1998-01-01

    The inaugural volume of the series, devoted to the work of philosopher Adolf Grünbaum, encompasses the philosophical problems of space, time, and cosmology, the nature of scientific methodology, and the foundations of psychoanalysis.

  10. "Wien Modern 2001" - intermediaalne / Saale Kareda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kareda, Saale, 1968-

    2001-01-01

    Muusikafestivalist "Wien Modern 2001", mis kestis 28. oktoobrist 26. novembrini. Festivalil esitati ka skisofreenikust šveitsi kunstniku Adolf Wölflini loomingust inspireeritud töid. Kunstniku töödest

  11. Combatting Terrorism through Study of the Genetic Psychology of Terrorist Leaders. The Early Development of the Terrorist Mind

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-12-01

    Mussolini: A Study in Power, p. 178. 60 His father, Alessandro, had named him " Benito ," in honor of the Mexican Revolutionary, Benito Juarez who ordered the...Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, and Ilich Ramirez Sanchez ("Carlos"). The study concludes that genetic and childhood environmental data should be...genetic inheritance and childhood environment and presents case studies on Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, and Ilich Ramirez Sanchez ("Carlos"). The

  12. Summaries of Papers Presented at the Optical Computing Topical Meeting Held in Salt Lake City, Utah on 27 February thru 1 March 1989

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-12-31

    Telescopes, Adolf W. Lohmann , 10:30 AM Wilhelm Stork, U. Erlangen, F. R. Germany. For a 1-D perfect TuC1 2-D Optical Trimmed Inverse Augmented Data Man...Advantage of Analog Over Digital Comput. Adolf W. Lohmann , University of Erlangen-Nuremberg, Ing, H. John Caulfield, U. Alabama In Huntsville. I show that...Institute of Tuil3 Polarization-Based Optical Computing Using Liquid Technology, China. Using composite bistable laser diode/ Crystals, Johannes D. Roux, F

  13. Whether administration of justice is exceptionally only a human right?

    OpenAIRE

    Sapetkaitė, Gabrielė

    2017-01-01

    Šio darbo tikslas yra aptarti teisingumo vykdymą kaip tradicinę žmogaus teisę, dirbtinio intelekto sistemų poveikį teisės srityje bei pateikti galimus žmogaus teisės vykdyti teisingumą reguliavimo sprendimus dirbtinio intelekto sistemų kontekste. Darbo objektas yra – žmogaus teisė vykdyti teisingumą. Magistro darbu yra siekiama paanalizuoti mokslinę problemą ir atsakyti į klausimą ar teisingumo vykdymas yra išimtinai tik žmogaus teisė? Siekiant atsakyti į šį klausimą darbe yra pateikiami užsi...

  14. Complications After Total Skin-Sparing Mastectomy and Expander-Implant Reconstruction: Effects of Radiation Therapy on the Stages of Reconstruction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peled, Anne Warren; Sears, Marie; Wang, Frederick; Foster, Robert D; Alvarado, Michael; Wong, Jasmine; Ewing, Cheryl A; Sbitany, Hani; Esserman, Laura J; Fowble, Barbara

    2018-01-01

    Many patients undergoing total-skin sparing mastectomy (TSSM) and 2-staged expander-implant (TE-I) reconstruction require postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT). Additionally, many patients undergoing TSSM for recurrent cancer have a history of lumpectomy and radiation therapy (XRT). Few studies have looked at the impact of XRT on the stages of TE-I reconstruction. Patients undergoing TSSM and immediate TE-I reconstruction between 2006 and 2013 were identified from a prospectively maintained database. Rates of TE-I loss and severe infection requiring intravenous antibiotics were compared in patients with prior XRT (85 cases) and PMRT (133 cases). Complications were divided by stage of reconstruction: first stage (TSSM and TE placement) and second stage (TE-I exchange). Mean follow-up time was 2.5 years. Patients with prior XRT had more complications after the first stage of reconstruction than the second (TE-I loss: 15% vs 5%, P = 0.03; infection: 20% vs 8%, P = 0.04). Patients receiving PMRT had low complication rates after the first stage, when they had not yet received radiation (TE-I loss: 2%; infection: 5%). However, complication rates after TE-I exchange (TE-I loss, 18%; infection, 31%) were significantly higher, and nearly 4-fold higher than patients with prior XRT. Patients with prior XRT are at high risk for complications after the first stage of TE-I reconstruction after TSSM; however, the risk of complications at the second stage is comparable to patients without radiation exposure and significantly lower than patients receiving PMRT. Patients receiving radiation therapy should be given appropriate preoperative counseling regarding their risks.

  15. Citizen in Uniform: Democratic Germany and the Changing Bundeswehr

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-09

    June 2010), 5-6; Abenheim, Reforging the Iron Cross, 64-65. 9 Anja -Dalgaard Nielsen, Germany, pacifism and peace enforcement (Manchester...was only printed electronically.” 17 Abenheim, Reforging the Iron Cross, 56-67; Klaus Ebeling, Anja Seiffert, Rainer Senger, “Ethische Fundamente

  16. Comparing Sporadic and Outbreak-associated Foodborne Illness

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2016-11-04

    Dr. Eric Ebel, a veterinarian and risk analyst with USDA’s Food Safety and Inspection Service, discusses his article on sporadic and outbreak-associated cases of foodborne illness.  Created: 11/4/2016 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 11/4/2016.

  17. standard setting in the teaching and learning process in the kenya ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    LUCY

    6= Biology; 7= Physics; 8= Chemistry; 9= Business/Studies. Data generated in .... Research shows that such a test will have moderately difficult questions. Ebel and Frisbie (1991) record that the ideal difficulty of each item, and consequently the whole test, should ... should manifest in a 100 items multiple-choice test of ideal ...

  18. Identifying Kinetic Sunyaev-zeldovich Effect In X-ray Clusters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kashlinsky, Alexander; Atrio-Barandela, F.; Ebeling, H.; Kocevski, D.

    2010-03-01

    For clusters of galaxies, their peculiar velocities can be measured from the kinematic component of the Sunyaev-Zeldovich (SZ) effect produced by Compton scattering of cosmic microwave background (CMB) photons off the hot intracluster gas. I will discuss results from measurements of the large scale peculiar flows using a large X-ray cluster catalog composed for this purpose and all-sky CMB maps from the WMAP satellite. The results cast doubt that the gravitational instability from the observed mass distribution is the sole - or even dominant - cause of the detected motions. Instead it appears that the flow extends across the observable Universe. Atrio-Barandela, F., Kashlinsky, A., Kocevski, D. & Ebeling, H. 2008, Ap.J., 675, L57 Kashlinsky, A. & Atrio-Barandela, F. 2000, Astrophys. J., 536, L67 Kashlinsky, A., Atrio-Barandela, F., Kocevski, D. & Ebeling, H. 2008, Ap.J., 686, L49 Kashlinsky, A., Atrio-Barandela, F., Kocevski, D. & Ebeling, H. 2009a, Ap.J., 691, 1479 Kashlinsky, A., Atrio-Barandela, F., Ebeling, H., Edge, A., & Kocevski, D. 2009, ApJ, submitted (arxiv:0910.4958)

  19. Fragility Analysis of a Concrete Gravity Dam Embedded in Rock and Its System Response Curve Computed by the Analytical Program GDLAD_Foundation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-01

    Mining Science, and Geomechanics Abstracts 22(3):121–140. Bieniawski, Z. T. 1979. Tunnel design by rock mass classifications . Technical Report GL...276 Tables Table 1.1. Classifications of mechanical aperture of Ebeling et al. (1997) after Lee and Farmer (1993) and Barton (1973...apertures and the number of elements. ............................................................ 27 Table 2.4. Classification of uplift and

  20. Die Familiennamen des ostfriesischen Kreises Leer : sprachliche und geographisch-statistische Untersuchungen zum Namenbestand um 1940

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ebeling, Rudolf Albert

    2008-01-01

    In deze studie wordt het in 1979 gepubliceerde familienanenregister van de Oostfriese 'Kreis’ Leer ( R. A. Ebeling: Familiennamen im Landkreis Leer um 1940) naamkundig gekarakteriseerd d.m.v. een beschrijving van het onomastisch specifieke van dat repertoire en een onderzoek naar de mogelijke

  1. Where Doctors Read Health Information Resources and Their ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Obianuju E. Nwfor-Orizu PhD, Ebele N. Anyaoku PhD, O.T Onwudinjo PhD. 120. Information Impact Vol. 6 (2) 2015. Network –including family practitioners, nurse practitioners and physician assistants. The cross-sectional survey included twenty- six questions to investigate the information- seeking behaviour of primary care.

  2. Synthesis of Systemic Functional Theory & Dynamical Systems Theory for Socio-Cultural Modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-07

    established (power, status and emotion ), the orientation to the ideas which are presented (modality and truth value), and the ways in which the...and Mr Ebell ( coloured red, pink and black respectively) in the first episode develops into a somewhat frenzied ‘exchange’ with more frequent short

  3. A SAFER ROUTE TO MDI, An assessment of a phosgene free manufacturing process

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vetter, Jeroen

    2010-01-01

    Supervisors: - University of Groningen Prof. dr. F. Picchioni, Drs. W.A. Prins, Prof. ir. M.W.M. Boesten, - Fluor B.V. - Haarlem Mr. G. Smit, Dr. J.C. Göebel. Abstract In this research the technological and economical feasibility of a new technology for the production of methylene diphenyl

  4. Mycobacterium bovis infection in animals and humans

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Thoen, Charles O; Steele, James H; Gilsdorf, Michael J

    2006-01-01

    ... and Its Economic Consequences G. Bölske, H. Wahlström, B. Larsson, and J.Å. Robertsson 84 11 Benefit and Cost Assessment of the U.S. Bovine Tuberculosis Eradication Program M. Gilsdorf, E.D. Ebel, ...

  5. Effect of methanol, n-hexane and aqueous extract of Irvingia ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bright Chukwuebuka UNAEZE1*,Ruben Udeozor NWOBU2, Cajetan Elochukwu ILO3 and Ebele Chinwe EJIKE 4. 1Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, Faculty of Health Sciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe University,. Awka, Nigeria. 2 Department of Applied Microbiology & Brewing, Faculty of Biosciences, Nnamdi Azikiwe ...

  6. Domian Transfer as a Strategy Deployed to Portray Massive ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This essay is a pragmatic analysis of Olusegun Obasanjo.s open letter, dated 2nd December 2013, to the sitting president, Goodluck Ebele Jonathan. The letter titled ¡°Before It Is Too Late¡± raises pertinent national issues bothering on massive corruption and the degenerating state of the country.s social, economic, and ...

  7. Coastal ocean and shelf-sea biogeochemical cycling of trace elements and isotopes: lessons learned from GEOTRACES

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lam, Phoebe J.; Lohan, Maeve C.; Kwon, Eun Young; Hatje, Vanessa; Shiller, Alan M.; Cutter, Gregory A.; Thomas, Alex; Milne, Angela; Thomas, Helmuth; Andersson, Per S.; Porcelli, Don; Tanaka, Takahiro; Geibert, Walter; Dehairs, Frank; Garcia-Orellana, Jordi

    2016-01-01

    Continental shelves and shelf seas play a central role in the global carbon cycle. However, their importance with respect to trace element and isotope (TEI) inputs to ocean basins is less well understood. Here, we present major findings on shelf TEI biogeochemistry from the GEOTRACES programme as well as a proof of concept for a new method to estimate shelf TEI fluxes. The case studies focus on advances in our understanding of TEI cycling in the Arctic, transformations within a major river estuary (Amazon), shelf sediment micronutrient fluxes and basin-scale estimates of submarine groundwater discharge. The proposed shelf flux tracer is 228-radium (T1/2 = 5.75 yr), which is continuously supplied to the shelf from coastal aquifers, sediment porewater exchange and rivers. Model-derived shelf 228Ra fluxes are combined with TEI/ 228Ra ratios to quantify ocean TEI fluxes from the western North Atlantic margin. The results from this new approach agree well with previous estimates for shelf Co, Fe, Mn and Zn inputs and exceed published estimates of atmospheric deposition by factors of approximately 3–23. Lastly, recommendations are made for additional GEOTRACES process studies and coastal margin-focused section cruises that will help refine the model and provide better insight on the mechanisms driving shelf-derived TEI fluxes to the ocean. This article is part of the themed issue ‘Biological and climatic impacts of ocean trace element chemistry’. PMID:29035267

  8. Study to take environmental symbiosis into consideration on housing construction. No.2. Experimental study on the thermal performance of K house in winter season; Kankyo kyosei ni hairyoshita sumai zukuri ni kansuru kenkyu. 2. Amagishi ni tatsu K tei no toki no onnetsu kankyo keisoku kekka

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nishikawa, K.; Ishihara, O. [Kumamoto University, Kumamoto (Japan)

    1996-10-27

    For the construction of houses that effectively utilize natural energy and impose less load on environments, an example of house building respecting environmental symbiosis is described. Reported herein are a heating system and the measurements of thermal environment in winter. In winter, the floor is heated by warm water from solar heat collectors circulating in pipes buried in downstair underfloor RC foundation. For the verification of the heating effect, comparison was made between the heater-provided southeast (SE) room and heater-unprovided northeast (NE) room, both downstairs. Warm water circulated in the underfloor pipes only in the daytime, the pipe surface recording the maximum of 32{degree}C in the daytime and the minimum of 17{degree}C early in the morning. At midnight, the SE room was warmer than the NE room by 2{degree}C. The slab surface in the SE room recorded 28{degree}C at the maximum and 17{degree}C at the minimum, but the temperature remained constant at 10{degree}C in the NE room. The rubble temperature was 17.5-20{degree}C in the SE room and approximately 11{degree}C in the NE room. It was noted that the SE room floor slab was capable of heat accumulation. The resident is a devotee of environmental symbiosis with mindset for enhancing natural energy utilization, burning an oil heater and a fireplace but intermittently. 1 ref., 12 figs., 1 tab.

  9. Compostos não voláteis em cafés da região sul de minas submetidos a diferentes pontos de torração Non-volatile compounds in coffee from the south of Minas Gerais state region submitted to different roasting degrees

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirian Pereira Rodarte

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available O processo de torração do café induz alterações físicas, químicas e sensoriais na matéria-prima, cuja intensidade e tipo dependem, principalmente, da composição química dos grãos e do tempo e temperatura utilizados na execução do mesmo. Este processo promove a degradação, formação e volatilização de vários compostos. Comercialmente, existem cafés torrados e moídos em diferentes pontos de torração, os quais originam bebidas com diferentes propriedades sensoriais e nutricionais. Os compostos trigonelina, ácidos clorogênicos e cafeína interferem no sabor e aroma do café. A trigonelina e os ácidos clorogênicos vêm sendo estudados também quanto ao aspecto nutricional, uma vez que esses compostos possuem ação benéfica à saúde. Esses compostos são solúveis em água quente, portanto, estarão presentes na bebida em função da sua estabilidade no processo de torração. Conduziu-se este trabalho, com o objetivo de avaliar as concentrações dos compostos trigonelina, ácidos clorogênicos e cafeína em cafés da espécie Coffea arabica L. classificados como bebida mole, dura e rio submetidos a três pontos de torração: claro, médio e escuro. As torrações mais acentuadas promoveram uma maior degradação de trigonelina e ácido 5-cafeoilquínico, enquanto que a torração clara promoveu degradação apenas para o ácido clorogênico, não interferindo nas concentrações de trigonelina. A degradação da cafeína não ocorreu em nenhum ponto de torração.The roasting process of coffee induces sensorial, chemical and physical alterations in the raw material. The type and intensity of the process depend mainly on the chemical composition of the grains and on the time and temperature used. This process promotes the degradation, formation and volatilisation of several compounds. There are roast and ground coffees submitted to different roasting conditions available in the market, which give origin to beverages with different sensorial and nutritional properties. The compounds trigonelline, chlorogenic acids and caffeine interfere with the flavor of the coffee. The trigonelline and the chlorogenic acids were studied considering their nutritional aspect as well, since these compounds and"or their degradation products have a beneficial action to our health. These compounds are soluble in hot water therefore they will be present in the beverage depending on their stability through the roasting process. The aim of this work was to asses the concentrations of trigonelline, chlorogenic acids and caffeine in coffees of the species Coffea arabica, classified as soft, hard, and rio which were submitted to three roasting degrees: light, medium, and dark. The most intense roasting process generated a greater degradation of trigonelline and 5-caffeoilquinic (5-CQA while the light roasting caused degradation just of the chlorogenic acid, not interfering with the trigonelline concentrations. Caffeine was not degraded at any roasting degree.

  10. Determinação do perfil de compostos voláteis e avaliação do sabor e aroma de bebidas produzidas a partir da erva-mate (Ilex paraguariensis Volatile compounds profile and flavor analysis of yerba mate (Ilex paraguariensis beverages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Carolina Batista Machado

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Volatile compounds from green and roasted yerba mate were analyzed by gas chromatography/mass spectrometry and the flavor profile from yerba mate beverages was determined by descriptive quantitative analyses. The main compounds tentatively identified in green mate were linalool, alpha-terpineol and trans-linalool oxide and in roasted mate were (E,Z-2,4-heptadienal isomers and 5-methylfurfural. Green mate infusion was qualified as having bitter taste and aroma as well as green grass aroma while roasted mate was defined as having a smooth, slightly burnt aroma. The relationship between the tentatively identified compounds and flavor must be determined by olfatometric analysis.

  11. Variação anual do rendimento e composição química dos componentes voláteis da Siparuna guianensis Aublet Annual variation of yield and chemical composition of volatile components of Siparuna guianensis Aublet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Maria Abido Valentini

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This work describes the volatile composition obtained by hidrodistillation of fresh leaves of Siparuna guianensis Aublet collected from Cuiabá (MT, Brazil. The composition of DCM extract of hydrolate was determined by GC-MS analysis and the results showed that the specie present a range of components according to their phenology and period of the leaves were collects. The highest volatile components yield was obtained during the reproductive period and the principal compound was the siparunone.

  12. Application of low bitrate image coding to surveillance of electric power facilities. Part 1. Proposal of low bitrate coding for surveillance of electric power facilities and examination of facilities region extraction method; Denryoku setsubi kanshi eno tei rate fugoka hoshiki no tekiyo. 1. Setsubi kanshiyo fugoka hoshiki no teian to setsubi ryoiki chushutsuho no kento

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murata, H.; Ishino, R. [Central Research Institute of Electric Power Industry, Tokyo (Japan)

    1996-03-01

    Current status of low bitrate image coding has been investigated, and a low bitrate coding suitable for the surveillance of electric power facilities has been proposed, to extract its problems to be solved. For the conventional image coding, the waveform coding has been used by which the images are processed as signals. While, for the MPEG-4, a coding method with considering the image information has been proposed. For these coding methods, however, image information lacks details primarily, when lowering the bitrate. Accordingly, these methods can not be applied when the details in the images are important, such as in the case of surveillance of facilities. Then, the coding method has been proposed by expanding the partially detailed coding, and by separating constituent images of facilities, such as power cables and steel towers, designated by operators. It is the special feature of this method that the method can easily respond to the low bitrate and the detailed information can be conserved by using the structure extraction coding for the designated partial image which is generally processed by the low bitrate waveform coding. 29 refs., 17 figs., 1 tab.

  13. Comparison of gunshot entrance morphologies caused by .40-caliber Smith & Wesson, .380-caliber, and 9-mm Luger bullets : a finite element analysis study = Comparação de morfologias de orifícios de entrada causados por projéteis de calibre .40 Smith & Wesson, calibre .380, e 9 mm Luger: estudo com análise de elementos finitos

    OpenAIRE

    Rodrigo Ivo Matoso

    2014-01-01

    Resumo: Armas de fogo podem causar feridas fatais e serem identificadas pelos vestígios deixados no corpo ou em torno deste. Entretanto, há casos em que nem projétil e nem arma do delito estão dispostos no local de crime. Estudos balísticos envolvendo modelos de elementos finitos podem reproduzir condições biomecânicas computacionais, sem ferir princípios bioéticos, pois não ocorrem testes diretos em animais ou em seres humanos. O objetivo deste estudo é comparar as morfologias de orifícios d...

  14. Constituintes químicos fixos e voláteis dos talos e frutos de Piper tuberculatum Jacq. e das raízes de P. hispidum H. B. K. Fixed and volatile chemical constituents from stems and fruits of Piper tuberculatum Jacq. and from roots of P. hispidum H. B. K.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Valdir Alves Facundo

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Os óleos essenciais dos frutos e talos finos de Piper tuberculatum e das raízes de P. hispidum, coletados no estado de Rondônia, foram obtidos por hidrodestilação e analisados por GC e GC-MS. Foram identificados como constituintes majoritários, nos óleos dos frutos e talos finos de P. tuberculatum, o óxido de cariofileno (32,1% e (26,6% e o (E-cariofileno (17,7% e (12,3%, respectivamente. No óleo essencial das raízes de P. hispidum, foram identificados, como constituintes majoritários, o dilapiol (57,5%, a elemicina (24,5% e o apiol (10,2%. Do extrato etanólico dos frutos de P. tuberculatum, foram isolados os esteróides β-sitosterol e estigmasterol, as amidas piplartina e dihidropiplartina e um derivado do ácido cinâmico, o ácido 3,4,5-trimetoxi-dihidrocinâmico.The essential oils of the fruits and fine stems of Piper tuberculatum and of the roots of P. hispidum, collected in the state of Rondônia, had been gotten by hydrodistillation and analyzed by GC and GC-MS. Caryophyllene oxide - 32,1% in fruits and 26,6% in fine stem, and (E-caryophyllene - 17,7% in fruits and 12,3% in fine stems, were identified as the major constituents in such parts of P. tuberculatum. In the essential oil of the roots of P. hispidum, dillapiol (57,5%, elemicine (24,5% and apiole (10,2% were identified as the most abundant constituents. From the ethanolic extract of the fruits of P. tuberculatum, the steroids β-sitosterol and stigmasterol, the amides piplartine and dihidropiplartine and the derivative of the cinâmico acid 3,4,5-trimethoxy-dihidrocinâmic acid were isolated.

  15. Aplicação da técnica de SPME-GC-MS na determinação dos produtos voláteis gerados na degradação térmica de polímeros

    OpenAIRE

    Bortoluzzi, Janaína Heberle

    2007-01-01

    Tese (doutorado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Ciências Físicas e Matemáticas. Programa de Pós-Graduação em Quimica. Neste trabalho a técnica de SPME aliada a GC-MS foi aplicada para o estudo da degradação térmica do poli(propileno) e do poli(estireno)-co-poli(metil metacrilato). São discutidos principalmente os produtos formados, mecanismos de formação dos principais produtos e parâmetros cinéticos de degradação. Degradaram-se os polímeros num forno tubular em divers...

  16. Folhas voláteis, papéis manuscritos: o pelotão de saúde no jornal infantil Pétalas (Colégio Coração de Jesus - Florianópolis/SC, 1945-1952 - Volatile sheets, manuscript papers: the platoon of health in petals childish journal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Teresa Santos Cunha, Brasil

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available O jornal Pétalas Infantil era uma produção manuscrita, feita em folhas avulsas, realizada pelas alunas do curso primário do Colégio Coração de Jesus, uma instituição religiosa e feminina de Florianópolis/SC e cujos exemplares, entre 1945 e 1952, foram conservados em um acervo pessoal. Considerado material ordinário, o texto deste estudo centra-se na análise dos artigos e comentários que expressavam preceitos veiculados pelo Pelotão de Saúde, uma associação complementar da escola, legitimada por lei e cujo propósito era auxiliar na criação e manutenção de princípios higiênicos como integrantes da cultura escolar do período. O artigo vincula-se ao campo de pesquisa da História da Educação e da cultura escrita entendidas, ambas, como produções discursivas e escolares de um determinado tempo e lugar que, tanto pelos suportes em que se apresentam à leitura, como pelos preceitos higienistas e cívicos que punham em circulação, permitem pensar a importância desse material na construção de uma memória para o reconhecimento de diferentes práticas, costumes, rituais, ações que integravam o ambiente escolar do período em pauta.Palavras-chave: jornal infantil, pelotão de saúde, higiene e cultura escolar. VOLATILE SHEETS, MANUSCRIPT PAPERS: THE PLATOON OF HEALTH IN PETALS CHILDISH JOURNAL (COLÉGIO CORAÇÃO DE JESUS - FLORIANÓPOLIS/SC, 1945-1952  AbstractPetals Childish journal was a handwritten production, made in single sheets of paper, held by the students of the primary school Coração de Jesus, a religious institution for girls in Florianópolis/SC and whose exemplary, between 1946 and 1952, were kept in a personal collection. Considered ordinary material this study focused on the analysis of the articles and comments that expressed precepts conveyed by the Pelotão de Saúde (Platoon of Health, a complementary association of the school, legitimized by law, and whose purpose was to assist in the creation and maintenance of hygienic principles as part of the school culture of the period. The article connects to the search field of the history of education and education’s history, both understood as writing discursive and school productions of a determined time and place that, as much by the stand in wich it is presented to reading, as much as by the hygienist and civic precepts it laid in circulation, allow you to think of the importance of this material in the construction of a memory for the recognition of different practices, customs, rituals, actions that were part of the school ambient of the period.Key-words: childish journal, platoon of health, hygiene and school culture. HOJAS VOLÁTILES, PAPELES MANUSCRITOS: EL PELOTÓN DE SALUD EN PERIÓDICO PÉTALAS (COLÉGIO CORAÇÃO DE JESUS - FLORIANÓPOLIS/SC, 1945-1952ResumenEl periódico Pétalas era un manuscrito producido por los niños, realizada en una sola hoja, celebrada por los alumnos de la escuela primaria del Sagrado Coração de Jesus, una institución religiosa y la hembra de Florianópolis/SC y cuyo ejemplar, entre 1946 y 1952, se mantuvieron en una colección personal. Considera el material ordinario, este estudio se centró en el análisis de los artículos y comentarios que expresó preceptos transmitidos por el Pelotón de Salud Complementaria, una asociación de escuela, legitimada por la ley, y cuyo propósito era ayudar en la creación y mantenimiento de los principios higiénicos como parte de la cultura escolar del período. El artículo se vincula con el campo de búsqueda de la historia de la educación y la cultura escrita, tanto como escritura entendían discursiva y producciones de la escuela de una determinada hora y lugar que tanto por los soportes en se presentan en la lectura, por cívicos y preceptos higienistas que puso en movimiento, permiten pensar en la importancia de este material en la construcción de una memoria de reconocimiento de las diferentes prácticas, costumbres, rituales, actos que fueron parte del ambiente escolar del período.Palabras-clave: diario infantil, pelotón de la cultura de la salud, la higiene y la escuela. FEUILLES DE VOLATILES, PAPIER MANUSCRITS: LE JOURNAL SANTE POUR ENFANTS PETALAS (COLÉGIO CORAÇÃO DE JESUS - FLORIANÓPOLIS/SC, 1945-1952RésumeLe jounal Pétalas pour enfants était un manuscrit faite dans une feuille unique, tenu par les élèves de l'école primaire du Sagrado Coração de Jeses, une institution religieuse et femalle de Florianópolis/SC; leurs exemplaires, pendant les annés de 1946 et 1952, étaient conservés dans une collection personnelle. Considéré comme matérial ordinaire, cette étude a porté sur l'analyse des articles et des commentaires qui expriment les préceptes transmis par le Peloton de la Complémentaire Santé, une Association de l'école, légitimé par la loi, et dont le fonction est d'aider à la création et au maintien des principes de l'hygiène dans le cadre de la culture de l'école de la période. L'article est situé vers le champ de recherche de l'histoire de l'éducation et la culture écrit, et enténd les deux comme écriture discursive et productions de l'école d'un particulier temps et lieu qui, pour les prend en charge que se présentent à la lecture, pour civique et préceptes hygiénistes mis en mouvement, nous permettent de penser que l'importance de ce materiél dans la construction d'une mémoire pour la reconnaissance des différentes pratiques, les rituels, les actions qui faisaient partie du milieu de la période scolaire.Mots-clé: journal des enfants, peloton de la culture de la santé, l'hygiène et l'école. 

  17. Development of technology for thin substrate polycrystalline solar cells for practical use. Development of elementary technologies for low-cost polycrystalline cell modules; Usugata takessho taiyo denchi seizo gijutsu no jitsuyoka kenkyu. Takessho cell module tei cost ka yoso gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tatsuta, M. [New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-12-01

    This paper reports the study results on development of elementary technologies for low-cost polycrystalline cell modules in fiscal 1994. (1) On development of elementary technologies for mass production, fast surface machining, fast electrode forming and fast forming of junctions and antireflection films were studied. Surface machining by rotating grindstone was studied as fast cutting of fine grooves on Si substrates, resulting in possible fast machining superior in shape accuracy. Electrode properties equivalent or superior to previous ones were obtained by fast electrode forming using a fast printing/sintering equipment even at transfer speed 7.5 times as high as that of conventional methods. Simultaneous fast forming of junctions and antireflection films were achieved by heat treatment after deposition on Si substrate surfaces while heat-decomposing Ti and P compound gas. (2) On development of module structure, an optimum cell group angle, low reflection rate at glass surface, and fast wiring were studied. 5 figs., 2 tabs.

  18. Research on fabrication technology for thin film solar cells for practical use. Research on low-cost fabrication technology for large-area modules (production technology for amorphous silicon solar cell modules); Usumaku taiyo denchi seizo gijutsu no jitsuyoka kenkyu. Daimenseki module no tei cost seizo gijutsu (amorphous taiyo denchi module seizo no gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tatsuta, M. [New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-12-01

    This paper reports the study results on the fabrication technology of amorphous Si solar cell modules in fiscal 1994. (1) On process technology for prototype film substrate solar cells, an advanced preprocessing equipment for film substrates, stepping roll type film forming technology, and prototype submodules were studied. A conversion efficiency of 7.2% was achieved by use of the submodule formed in an effective region of 40 {times} 40cm{sup 2}. (2) On efficiency improvement technology for film substrate solar cells, p/i and n/i interfaces, forming condition for Ag film electrodes, film thickness of transparent electrode ITO, and optimum transmissivity were studied. (3) On technology for advanced solar cells, high-quality a-SiGe: H film, ion control in plasma CVD, and a-Si film formation by plasma CVD using SiH2Cl2 were studied as production technology of narrow gap materials. (4) On advanced two-layer tandem solar cells, the defect density in optical degradation of a-Si cells by reverse bias dark current was evaluated, and outdoor exposure data were analyzed. 4 figs., 1 tab.

  19. Research on fabrication technology for thin film solar cells for practical use. Research on low-cost fabrication technology for large-area modules (CdS/CdTe solar cell modules); Usumaku taiyo denchi seizo gijutsu no jitsuyoka kenkyu. Daimenseki module no tei cost seizo gijutsu (CdTe taiyo denchi module seizo no gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tatsuta, M. [New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-12-01

    This paper reports the study results on the fabrication technology of CdS/CdTe solar cell modules in fiscal 1994. (1) On the fabrication technology for high-efficiency large-area solar cells, high-quality CdTe active layer was studied. S content taken in the active layer at sintering of CdTe decreased with an increase in formed CdTe, resulting in improvement of Voc of cells. (2) On the window layer with wide band gap, the solar cell superior in collection efficiency and photoelectric characteristics could be obtained using the newly developed mixed crystal film of Cd(1-x)Zn(x)S. (3) On the forming technology of large-area coating/sintering films, improvement of CdS film quality was studied by pressurized processing of printed CdS films. As a result, improvement of film density and light transmissivity was confirmed. (4) On the leveling process technology of CdTe films, smooth surface films were obtained by experiment using an equipment simultaneously exciting samples in all directions as one of uniform coating methods of films. 7 figs.

  20. Research on fabrication technology for thin film solar cells for practical use. Research on low-cost fabrication technology for large-area modules (Over-layered TCO on tempered glass for solar cell); Usumaku taiyo denchi seizo gijutsu no jitsuyoka kenkyu. Daimenseki module no tei cost seizo gijutsu (kyoka class fukugo tomei doden kiban seizo no gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tatsuta, M. [New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-12-01

    This paper reports the study results on the fabrication technology of over-layered TCO on tempered glass in fiscal 1994. (1) On the fabrication technology of heat-resistant over-layered TCO, thermal deformation of TCO substrates was studied by both experiment and numerical computation. The thermal deformation increased with carrier concentration. As the observation result on change in lattice strain of heated TCO films by high-temperature X-ray diffraction, lattice strain was largely affected by thermal expansion. (2) On development of the low-temperature heat treatment method of TCO films, a technological prospect was obtained for fabrication of low-resistance TCO films by heat treatment without strength deterioration of tempered TCO substrates. (3) On development of cost reduction technology, the large-area CVD equipment was devised on the basis of the inline tempering method which tempers substrate glass by air cooling after formation of SnO2 film as fabrication method of tempered TCO. The TCO substrate tempered by air cooling could endure the drop test of 227g and 1.5m. 5 figs., 1 tab.

  1. Research and development of system to utilize photovoltaic energy. Survey on the high-durability and low-cost materials for constructing the solar-cell module and its structure; Taiyoko hatsuden riyo system no kenkyu. Taiyo denchi module yo kotaikyusei tei cost zairyo, kozo ni kansuru chosa

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tatsuta, M. [New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-12-01

    This paper reports the results obtained during fiscal 1994 on a survey on the high-durability and low-cost materials for constructing the solar-cell module and on its structure. With respect to forms and materials used in the present solar-cell modules, identification was made on the current status of products commercially available and developed inside and outside Japan. Main types of solar cells used for electric power are of crystal-based silicon. Amorphous silicon and CdS-CdTe are used for consumer applications of indoor and outdoor use. As regards transparent resin materials, fluorine resin, PET, acryl, and polyimide are used as surface materials, and EVA, silicon and PVB are often used as fillers. Developments inside and outside Japan are limited to systems of polycarbonate, methacryl, fluorine, polyurethane, acryl and polyester. Butyl rubber and polyurethane are used as sealing materials. Developments are being performed on silicon rubber, polychloroprene rubber and EPT rubber for shaped materials, and silicon systems, urethane systems and polysulfide systems for non-shaped materials. 3 figs., 8 tabs.

  2. Development of technology for thin substrate polycrystalline solar cells for practical use. Development of manufacturing technologies for low-cost substrates (technical development for production of high purity silicon); Usugata takessho taiyo denchi seizo gijutsu no jitsuyoka kenkyu. Tei cost kiban seizo gijutsu kaihatsu (taiyo denchiyo silicon seizo gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tatsuta, M. [New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-12-01

    This paper reports the study results on development of manufacturing technologies of Si for solar cells in fiscal 1994. (1) P in Si could be successfully reduced to 0.1ppmw by EB melting method. The condition possible to reduce P in Si while continuously supplying metal Si was found. The 20kg class EB melting equipment was also designed and manufactured which can be connected with solidifying rough refining process. (2) Use of a water-cooling copper mold was studied using a small melting equipment for cost reduction in solidifying rough refining process. As a result, the prospect of crucible-free technology for removal of P and solidifying rough refining was obtained. (3) B in Si could be successfully reduced to the target of 0.1ppmw by vapor addition method using a plasma melting equipment. (4) The prototype SOG-Si achieved a conversion efficiency of 14.1% as solar cell. In addition, the advanced solar cell prepared by efficiency enhancement process achieved a conversion efficiency of 15.9%. 3 figs.

  3. Development of technology for thin substrate polycrystalline solar cells for practical use. Development of manufacturing technologies for low-cost substrates (low-cost Si substrates); Usugata takessho taiyo denchi seizo gijutsu no jitsuyoka kenkyu. Tei cost kiban seizo gijutsu kaihatsu (usugata takessho kigan seizo gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tatsuta, M. [New Energy and Industrial Technology Development Organization, Tokyo (Japan)

    1994-12-01

    This paper reports the study results on manufacturing technologies for low-cost high-quality Si substrates in fiscal 1994. (1) On the 220mm square type electromagnetic casting technology, development of fast stable casting technology was studied using the previously installed 220mm square type electromagnetic casting furnace. As a result, continuous stable casting was achieved at high casting speed up to 3.0mm/min. Any degradation of crystalline quality due to high speed casting was not found. (2) On the 350mm square type electromagnetic casting furnace, oscillation circuit constants were analyzed for design of the power source for No.4 electromagnetic casting furnace. In graphite heating experiment using the 350mm square type water-cooling copper crucible heated by 1000kW high-frequency power source, sufficient heat quantity was obtained for initial melting of Si. Any problems in Si melting were not found through Al block melting test. 6 figs.

  4. Avaliação cromatográfica de compostos voláteis de cachaças produzidas com leveduras de diferentes procedências Chromatographic evaluation of volatile compounds in brazilian sugar cane spirits produced with yeasts from different locations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Henrique Alves da Silva

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Procurou-se neste trabalho produzir cachaças em escala de laboratório a partir de leveduras isoladas de alambiques de diferentes regiões de Minas Gerais, avaliando-se e comparando-se a composição química destas em relação a cachaças de marcas comerciais. Os alambiques selecionados para isolamento das leveduras produzem tradicionalmente cachaças com características artesanais, cujos procedimentos as diferenciam sensorial e quimicamente das cachaças industriais. Avaliou-se a cinética de algumas das fermentações com relação ao teor alcoólico e à acidez produzidos durante a fermentação e alguns mostos atingiram concentrações de etanol da ordem de 9 ºGL e acidez de 55 mg.100 mL-1. Os compostos avaliados por cromatografia gasosa foram acetaldeído, acetato de etila, metanol, 1-propanol, álcool isobutílico, álcool isoamílico, furfural e ácido acético. As concentrações mais elevadas foram de alcoóis superiores totais, preponderando o álcool isoamílico, e de ácido acético. A composição mostrou-se bastante variável (40,59 a 671,86 mg de ácido acético.100 mL-1 de álcool anidro e 20,68 a 178,6 mg de acetaldeído.100 mL-1 de álcool anidro, e foi contrastada com os limites legais estabelecidos pela legislação brasileira (Instrução Normativa nº 13, de 30/06/2005, do Ministério da Agricultura, Pecuária e Abastecimento.The aim of this study was to produce Brazilian sugar cane spirits (cachaça in a laboratory scale using yeasts isolated from distilleries of different regions in Minas Gerais state evaluating and comparing their chemical composition to those of commercial brands of cachaça. The selected distilleries are from the segment of cachaça artisanal production, which includes different sensorial and chemical procedures from the ones produced in an industrial scale. Some kinetic processes were evaluated analyzing the alcoholic content and acidity produced during fermentation. Some fermenting musts showed 9 ºGL of ethanol and 55 mg.100 mL-1 of acidity. The compounds analyzed by gas chromatography were acetaldehyde, ethyl acetate, methanol, 1-propanol, isobutyl alcohol, isoamyl alcohol, furfural, and acetic acid. The concentration of the total higher alcohols were the greatest, mainly the isoamyl alcohol (the, highest and acetic acid. The chemical profiles of the cachaças varied considerably (40,59 to 671,86 mg of acetic acid.100 mL-1 anhydrous alcohol and 20,68 to 178,6 mg of acetaldehyde.100 mL-1 anhydrous alcohol and all compositions were contrasted with the legal standards of the Brazilian legislation.

  5. Use of 0.1% chlorine dioxide to inhibit the formation of morning volatile sulphur compounds (VSC Uso do enxaguatório de dióxido de cloro a 0,1% para inibir a formação matinal de compostos sulfurosos voláteis (CSV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daiane Cristina Peruzzo

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the VSC-inhibiting effect of a commercially available mouthrinse (0.1% chlorine dioxide when compared to its placebo. A 2-step double blind, crossover, randomised study was conducted with 14 dental students with healthy periodontium, who refrained from any mechanical plaque and tongue coating control during two 4-day experimental periods. The subjects were instructed to rinse 3 times daily with the assigned product during each period. A 7-day washout interval was established. VSCs levels were measured by a sulphide monitor at the beginning (baseline and at the end of each experimental period. Statistical analyses were performed using Wilcoxon's and Mann-Whitney's non-parametric tests. At baseline, intragroup analysis revealed that VSCs levels did not differ between groups (p > 0.05; at day 5, the use of the chlorine dioxide mouthrinse did not change the baseline VSCs scores in the control group (p > 0.05, while a 2-fold increase was observed with the use of the placebo mouthrinse (p O objetivo do presente estudo foi avaliar o efeito inibitório do enxaguatório de dióxido de cloro a 0,1% sobre a formação dos CSVs, quando comparados a um placebo. Um estudo randomizado, cruzado, duplo cego foi conduzido com 14 estudantes de odontologia apresentando saúde periodontal, os quais se abstiveram dos hábitos de escovação dentária e limpeza da língua durante dois períodos experimentais de 4 dias. Os voluntários foram orientados a utilizar o enxaguatório designado 3 vezes ao dia conforme indicado no rótulo. Um intervalo de 7 dias foi estabelecido entre os períodos experimentais. No início ("baseline" e no final de cada período experimental, os níveis de CSVs foram medidos com o uso do monitor de sulfetos. Análise estatística foi realizada utilizando-se os testes não-paramétricos de Wilcoxon e Mann-Whitney. No "baseline", uma análise intragrupo revelou que os níveis de CSVs não diferiram entre os grupos (p > 0.05; no dia 5, o uso do dióxido de cloro não promoveu mudanças significativas nos níveis de CSVs em relação ao "baseline" no grupo controle (p > 0,05, entretanto os níveis de CSVs duplicaram com a utilização enxaguatório placebo (p < 0,05. Uma análise entre os grupos teste e controle revelou diferença significante para os níveis de CSVs (40,2 ± 30,72 e 82,3 ± 75,63 ppb, p < 0,001 no dia 5. Dentro dos limites deste estudo, os achados sugerem que o uso de enxaguatórios contendo dióxido de cloro pode promover a manutenção de baixos níveis de CSVs no hálito matinal.

  6. Avaliação do uso de inibidores de etileno sobre a produção de compostos voláteis e de mangiferina em manga Evaluation of the use of ethylene inhibitors on production of volatile compounds and mangiferin in mango fruit

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kirley Marques Canuto

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Effects of two ethylene inhibitors, 1-methylcylopropene (1-MCP and aminoethoxyvinylglycine (AVG, on production of volatile compounds and mangiferin (a bioactive xanthone in 'Tommy Atkins' mango fruit were investigated. Volatile composition and mangiferin content, in treated and untreated fruits at three maturity, stages were determined by SPME-GC-MS and HPLC, respectively. These chromatographical analysis revealed that the volatile profiles and mangiferin concentrations were not significantly different, suggesting that the use of ethylene inhibitors does not affect the mango aroma and functional properties relative to this xanthone. Moreover, a simple, precise and accurate HPLC method was developed for quantifying mangiferin in mango pulp.

  7. Resposta de Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar (Coleoptera, Curculionidae aos voláteis da planta hospedeira e de adultos coespecíficos em olfatômetro Response of Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar (Coleoptera, Curculionidae to host volatiles and conspecific in olfactometer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando A. C. de Mendonça

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available The response of Cosmopolites sordidus (Germar, 1824 to the volatiles of its host banana plant (Musa paradisiaca cv. Prata and conspecific adults was studied. In olfactometer, the attraction of males and females of C. sordidus to rhizome and pseudotem of the banana, fresh or rotting, was observed. The results suggested that the aggregation pheromone is produced by males and that it attracts both sexes, and that there is another pheromone produced by females which attracts males only. The results also suggest that the females are the first responsible for the aggregation of the species, but the male pheromone is mainly responsible for the mass aggregation. Nevertheless, the aggregation phenomenon is a consequence of the mutual action of both pheromones plus the kairomones produced by the banana plant.

  8. Electron attachment coefficient in low E/N regions and a discussion of discharge-instability in KrF laser. ; Analysis by logarithm transformed Boltzmann equation. Tei E/N ryoiki no denshi fuchaku keisu to KrF laser reiki hoden no fuanteisei ni kansuru ichi kosatsu. ; Tai su henkan Boltzmann hoteishiki ni yoru kaiseki

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kawakami, H.; Urabe, J.; Yukimura, K. (Doshisha Univ., Kyoto (Japan))

    1991-03-20

    In a discharge excitation rare gas halide excima laser, uniform generation and stable maintenance of the excited discharge determines the laser characteristics. In this report, an approximate solution was obtained on the Boltzmann equation (frequently used for the theoretical analysis of this laser) to examine the nature of the solution. By optimizing the conversion of the variables, calculation of an electron swarm parameter in the hitherto uncertain range of the low conversion electric field was made possible, giving a generation mechanism of the uncertainty of the excited dischareg. The results are summarized as below. (1) The Boltzmann equation gives a linear solution for a logarithmic value of an electron energy in the range of low conversion electric field. (2) Time-wise responce ability between the measured voltage, current characteristics of the excitation discharge was clarified and the attachment and ionization coefficients calculated by Boltzmann equation. (3) Dependency of the attachment coefficient on the partial pressure of fluorine and kripton was examined, and the attachment coefficient was found to increase with the increase of the partial pressure for the both cases. 20 refs., 9 figs., 2 tabs.

  9. Correlação entre precursores e voláteis em café arábica brasileiro processado pelas vias seca, semiúmida e úmida e discriminação através da análise por componentes principais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neusa P. Arruda

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The influence of pre-processing of arabica coffee beans on the composition of volatile precursors including sugars, chlorogenic acids, phenolics, proteins, aminoacids, trigonelline and fatty acids was assessed and correlated with volatiles formed during roasting. Reducing sugars and free aminoacids were highest for natural coffees whereas total sugars, chlorogenic acids and trigonelline were highest for washed coffees. The highest correlation was observed for total phenolics and volatile phenolics (R= 0.999. Experimental data were evaluated by Principal Components Analysis and results showed that washed coffees formed a distinct group in relation to semi-washed and natural coffees.

  10. Quantifying trace element and isotope fluxes at the ocean–sediment boundary: a review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berelson, William M.; Severmann, Silke

    2016-01-01

    Quantifying fluxes of trace elements and their isotopes (TEIs) at the ocean's sediment–water boundary is a pre-eminent challenge to understand their role in the present, past and future ocean. There are multiple processes that drive the uptake and release of TEIs, and properties that determine their rates are unevenly distributed (e.g. sediment composition, redox conditions and (bio)physical dynamics). These factors complicate our efforts to find, measure and extrapolate TEI fluxes across ocean basins. GEOTRACES observations are unveiling the oceanic distributions of many TEIs for the first time. These data evidence the influence of the sediment–water boundary on many TEI cycles, and underline the fact that our knowledge of the source–sink fluxes that sustain oceanic distributions is largely missing. Present flux measurements provide low spatial coverage and only part of the empirical basis needed to predict TEI flux variations. Many of the advances and present challenges facing TEI flux measurements are linked to process studies that collect sediment cores, pore waters, sinking material or seawater in close contact with sediments. However, such sampling has not routinely been viable on GEOTRACES expeditions. In this article, we recommend approaches to address these issues: firstly, with an interrogation of emergent data using isotopic mass-balance and inverse modelling techniques; and secondly, by innovating pursuits of direct TEI flux measurements. We exemplify the value of GEOTRACES data with a new inverse model estimate of benthic Al flux in the North Atlantic Ocean. Furthermore, we review viable flux measurement techniques tailored to the sediment–water boundary. We propose that such activities are aimed at regions that intersect the GEOTRACES Science Plan on the basis of seven criteria that may influence TEI fluxes: sediment provenance, composition, organic carbon supply, redox conditions, sedimentation rate, bathymetry and the benthic nepheloid

  11. STRATEGY FOR MAINTAINING AND RECOVERY OF WORKING ABILITY OF BUILDING AND ROAD-BUILDING MACHINERY WITH DUE ACCOUNT OF CHANGES IN OUTPUT PARAMETERS AT STAGE OF THEIR LIFE CYCLE OPERATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. N. Мaksimenko

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper proposes a strategy for maintaining and recovery of machinery working ability with due account of changes in technical and economic indicators (TEI in the process of its operation. Productivity, working cost of machine hour, operating efficiency ratio, inter-shift operating efficiency,  and other TEI are changing in the process of machine operation. While operating building and road-building machinery it is possible to obtain maximum effect only with the help of complex interacting events at stages of life cycle of a concrete machine and with due account of TEI dynamics in the process of its usage. 

  12. Sesquilinear uniform vector integral

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2. Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Academiei Str., 14, 010014, Romania; Technical University of Civil Engineering, Bucharest, Lacul Tei Blvd., 122-124, 020396, Romania ...

  13. Content and limitations of the right to privacy in family life

    OpenAIRE

    Kisieliauskaitė, Agnė

    2011-01-01

    Teisė į šeimos privatų gyvenimą yra ginama tiek nacionaliniu, tiek tarptautiniu lygiu. Universalus šios teisės pobūdis nepašalina su jos taikymu susijusių problemų: nėra atitikimo tarp teisinio reglamentavimo ir socialinės realybės; valstybių kultūra, papročiai, religija lemia skirtingą šios teisės turinio ir ribų aiškinimą; teisės įgyvendinimo ir apsaugos srityje valstybėms paliekama plati diskrecija. Pastarosios aplinkybės lemia, jog vis dar nėra atsakymų į klausimus dėl homoseksualių, nesu...

  14. An effect of left ventricular hypertrophy on mild-to-moderate left ventricular diastolic dysfunction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sharma Kattel, MD

    2016-03-01

    Conclusions: In mild-to-moderate LVDD patients, both FP and the Tei index were significantly higher when LVH was present. This may suggest LVH as a possible predictor for the future development of severe LVDD and diastolic heart failure.

  15. Epigenetic inheritance, prions and evolution

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Johannes Manjrekar

    2017-07-11

    classical' TEI phenomena and their possible implications for evolution. The review then focusses on a less-discussed, unique kind of protein-only epigenetic inheritance mediated by prions. Much remains to be learnt about the ...

  16. Updating Nurse Graduate Knowledge – Internal Εvaluation Process of the “Evidence Based Practice in Nursing” Continuing Educational Programme

    OpenAIRE

    Stavropoulou, Areti; Kelesi, Μartha; Rovithis, Michael; Vasilopoulos, Georgios

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: The evaluation of continuing educational programs is essential, since through evaluation processes, the positive aspects of education are highlighted and qualitative educational procedures are established. Aim: The aim of the present article was to describe the internal evaluation process and the related outcomes of the “Evidence Based Practice in Nursing” Continuing Educational Programme, which implemented at the Technological Educational Institute (TEI) of Crete, TEI of At...

  17. Prediction of quantitative intrathoracic fluid volume to diagnose pulmonary oedema using LabVIEW.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urooj, Shabana; Khan, M; Ansari, A Q; Lay-Ekuakille, Aimé; Salhan, Ashok K

    2012-01-01

    Pulmonary oedema is a life-threatening disease that requires special attention in the area of research and clinical diagnosis. Computer-based techniques are rarely used to quantify the intrathoracic fluid volume (IFV) for diagnostic purposes. This paper discusses a software program developed to detect and diagnose pulmonary oedema using LabVIEW. The software runs on anthropometric dimensions and physiological parameters, mainly transthoracic electrical impedance (TEI). This technique is accurate and faster than existing manual techniques. The LabVIEW software was used to compute the parameters required to quantify IFV. An equation relating per cent control and IFV was obtained. The results of predicted TEI and measured TEI were compared with previously reported data to validate the developed program. It was found that the predicted values of TEI obtained from the computer-based technique were much closer to the measured values of TEI. Six new subjects were enrolled to measure and predict transthoracic impedance and hence to quantify IFV. A similar difference was also observed in the measured and predicted values of TEI for the new subjects.

  18. Von „Amazonen“ und „keuschen Jungfrauen“ Of “Amazons” and “Chaste Virgins”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katrin Nikoleyczik

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available In ihrem Buch Die Fortpflanzung der Geschlechterverhältnisse zeichnet Smilla Ebeling das metaphorische Feld der Parthenogenese ("Jungfernzeugung“ in der Evolutionsbiologie nach. Durch die Analyse biologischer und populärwissenschaftlicher Texte zeigt sie auf, dass sich zweigeschlechtliche Stereotype auch dort finden, wo sie thematisch erst einmal nicht zu erwarten sind: in Texten, die sich der Fortpflanzung reiner Weibchen-Arten widmen.In her book Die Fortpflanzung der Geschlechterverhältnisse (The Propagation of Gender Relations, Smilla Ebeling traces the metaphoric field of parthenogenesis ("virgin birth” in evolution biology. Through the analysis of biology and popular scientific texts, she points out that dual-gendered stereotypes are also found where they are thematically not expected: in texts that devote themselves to the propagation of a purely female species.

  19. Targeting Transforming Growth Factor Beta to Enhance the Fracture Resistance of Bone

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    solely explained by an age- or menopausal - related decrease in bone mass [2,3], new anti-fracture therapies should also address other determinants of...to postmenopausal osteoporosis , certain diseases such as diabetes [1] and chronic kidney disease [2] also increase fracture risk. While an age- related ...fractures and bone mineral density in post- menopausal women with osteoporosis . N Engl J Med. 2001;344 (19):1434–41. 6. Shane E, Burr D, Ebeling PR, et

  20. The relationship between red blood cell distribution width and blood pressure in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus in Lagos, Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Dada, Olusola Akinola; Uche, Ebele; Akinbami, Akinsegun; Odesanya, Majeed; John-Olabode, Sarah; Adediran, Adewumi; Oshinaike, Olajumoke; Ogbera, Anthonia Okeoghene; Okunoye, Olaitan; Arogundade, Olanrewaju; Aile, Kingsley; Ekwere, Timothy

    2014-01-01

    Olusola Akinola Dada,1 Ebele Uche,2 Akinsegun Akinbami,2 Majeed Odesanya,3 Sarah John-Olabode,4 Adewumi Adediran,5 Olajumoke Oshinaike,1 Anthonia Okeoghene Ogbera,1 Olaitan Okunoye,6 Olanrewaju Arogundade,2 Kingsley Aile,7 Timothy Ekwere8 1Department of Medicine, Lagos State University, 2Department of Haematology and Blood Transfusion, Lagos State University, College of Medicine, Ikeja, Nigeria; 3Oak Hospitals, Ikorodu, Lagos, Nigeria; 4Department of Haematology, Ben Carson School of Medicine...

  1. A Systematic Approach for Determining Vertical Pile Depth of Embedment in Cohensionless Soils to Withstand Lateral Barge Train Impact Loads

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-01-30

    will lose moment capacity there as well. Soil -Structure Interaction (SSI) software will be needed to determine the load that causes a moment failure...Cohesionless Soils to Withstand Lateral Barge Train Impact Loads In fo rm at io n an d Te ch no lo gy L ab or at or y Barry C. White and...Pile Depth of Embedment in Cohesionless Soils to Withstand Lateral Barge Train Impact Loads Barry C. White and Robert M. Ebeling Information

  2. Surface Transportability: A Bibliography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-02-14

    s). Include corresponding information from the report cover. Give the name(s) of the author(s) in conventional Z - "- order (for example, John R. Doe...MANCHURIA HAWARD , E. "The Tanaka Memorial," AQ, 44:266-71, Aug 42. - lMEXICO MARLOW, F. W. "Ferrocarril Sud-Pacifico," MILENG, 15:153, 1923. "€ PANAMA EBEL, W

  3. Rotational Response of Toe-Restrained Retaining Walls to Earthquake Ground Motions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-12-01

    Credible Earthquake (MCE). [Section 5(a) and Table B-1 in ER 1110-2- 1806 outlines the assessment of the hazard potential classification of Civil...berm at Red River U-frame Lock No. 1. International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics 21:753-787. Ebeling, R. M., and R...Seismic Soil dynamics Translation 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT 18. NUMBER OF PAGES 19a. NAME OF RESPONSIBLE PERSON

  4. Translational Response of Toe-Restrained Retaining Walls to Earthquake Ground Motions Using CorpsWallSlip (CWSlip)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-01

    Earthquake (MCE). [Section 5(a) and Table B-1 in ER 1110-2- 1806 outlines the assessment of the hazard potential classification of Civil Works projects...berm at Red River U-frame Lock No. 1. International Journal for Numerical and Analytical Methods in Geomechanics 21:753-787. Ebeling, R. M., M. E...structures CorpsWallSlip Seismic Soil dynamics Translation 16. SECURITY CLASSIFICATION OF: 17. LIMITATION OF ABSTRACT 18. NUMBER OF PAGES

  5. Nástup Adolfa Hitlera k moci v politicko-společenském kontextu

    OpenAIRE

    HOREJŠ, Pavel

    2014-01-01

    The Bachelor thesis Adolf Hitler took up the power in the political and social context aims to map the path of Adolf Hitler to power. The Bachelor thesis starts at the Munich beer halls to his appointment as the Reich Chancellor. The aim is to highlight the social conditions and reasons which helped A. Hitler in the seizure of power. I focused on his dictatorial control of movement NSDAP, active attempts to seize power and political rise in the 1920s, political subsequent growth at the turn o...

  6. PERBANDINGAN ESTIMASI KESALAHAN PENGUKURAN STANDARD SETTING DALAM PENILAIAN KOMPETENSI AKUNTANSI SMK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sebastianus Widanarto Prijowuntato

    2015-10-01

      ESTIMATION OF STANDARD SETTING ERROR MEASUREMENT IN ACCOUNTING COMPETENCY ASSESSMENT IN VOCATIONAL SCHOOLS Abstract This research aims to estimate the measurement error in the Angof, Ebel, and Bookmark methods in Accounting Competency Assessment in Vocational Schools in DIY used by standard setters in deciding a cut score. This research is quantitative research. Data source in this study was the cut score of seven vocational schools in Yogyakarta that were randomly established. The reseach data were students’ answers to the National Examination in Accounting Subject of Package 2 in the academic year of 2011/2012 with 338 students. The teachers who engaged in the Focus Group Discussion (FGD were nine teachers, consisting of seven women and two men. The technical analysis was divided into three stages. 1 preparation, 2 FGD, 3 estimated error measurement by using the Bootstrap method. The results show that the cut score for the Angoff method is 67.809, Ebel method is 59.034, and Bookmark method is 57.022. The Angoff method has the least estimation of the measurement errors (2.102 as compared with the Ebel method (4.004 and the Bookmark method (4.042. Therefore, the Angoff method is the right method for estimating error measurement on standard setting. Keywords: Estimation of error measurement, Bootstrap, Cut Score

  7. Disfunção miocárdica em pacientes chagásicos sem cardiopatia aparente Myocardial dysfunction in chagasic patients with no apparent heart disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Airandes de Sousa Pinto

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: O índice de Tei avalia simultaneamente as funções sistólica e diastólica dos ventrículos. Apresenta boa correlação com dados hemodinâmicos e tem sido capaz de detectar alterações na função ventricular iniciais de diversas etiologias. OBJETIVO: Estudar alterações iniciais da função biventricular em pacientes chagásicos sem cardiopatia aparente por meio do índice de Tei. MÉTODOS: Foram avaliados 48 indivíduos. Grupo 1, constituído por 25 pacientes com diagnóstico de doença de Chagas, sem cardiopatia aparente e ecocardiograma normal; grupo 2, constituído por 23 indivíduos sadios com sorologia negativa para doença de Chagas. RESULTADOS: O índice de Tei foi significativamente mais elevado no grupo de chagásicos sem cardiopatia aparente, quando comparado aos controles. Índice de Tei do ventrículo esquerdo (0,48±0,11 x 0,36±0,06, pBACKGROUND: The Tei index simultaneously evaluates the ventricular systolic and diastolic functions. It has a good correlation with hemodynamic data and has enabled the detection of initial ventricular function alterations of different etiologies. OBJECTIVE: To study initial biventricular function alterations in chagasic patients with no apparent heart disease, using the Tei index. METHODS: Forty eight individuals were evaluated. Group 1 was comprised of 25 patients diagnosed with Chagas´ disease with no apparent heart disease and normal echocardiogram; group 2 was comprised of 23 healthy individuals with negative serological tests for Chagas´ disease. RESULTS: The Tei index was significantly higher in the group of chagasic patients with no apparent heart disease when compared to that of the control group: left ventricular Tei index (0.48 ± 0.11 vs. 0.36 ± 0.06, p < 0.001 , right ventricular Tei index (0.34 ± 0.10 vs. 0.26 ± 0.07, p = 0.001. The left and right ventricular Tei indexes were considered abnormal in 48% and 28% of the chagasic patients, respectively. CONCLUSION

  8. SU-E-I-27: Establishing Target Exposure Index Values for Computed Radiography

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Murphy, N; Tchou, P; Belcher, K; Scott, A

    2014-01-01

    Purpose: To develop a standard set of target exposure index (TEI) values to be applied to Agfa Computed Radiography (CR) readers in accordance with International Electrotechnical Committee 62494-1 (ed. 1.0). Methods: A large data cohort was collected from six USAF Medical Treatment Facilities that exclusively use Agfa CR Readers. Dose monitoring statistics were collected from each reader. The data was analyzed based on anatomic region, view, and processing speed class. The Agfa specific exposure metric, logarithmic mean (LGM), was converted to exposure index (EI) for each data set. The optimum TEI value was determined by minimizing the number of studies that fell outside the acceptable deviation index (DI) range of +/− 2 for phototimed techniques or a range of +/−3 for fixed techniques. An anthropomorphic radiographic phantom was used to corroborate the TEI recommendations. Images were acquired of several anatomic regions and views using standard techniques. The images were then evaluated by two radiologists as either acceptable or unacceptable. The acceptable image with the lowest exposure and EI value was compared to the recommended TEI values using a passing DI range. Results: Target EI values were determined for a comprehensive list of anatomic regions and views. Conclusion: Target EI values must be established on each CR unit in order to provide a positive feedback system for the technologist. This system will serve as a mechanism to prevent under or overexposures of patients. The TEI recommendations are a first attempt at a large scale process improvement with the goal of setting reasonable and standardized TEI values. The implementation and effectiveness of the recommended TEI values should be monitored and adjustments made as necessary

  9. FY 1999 research and development of technologies for commercialization of photovoltaic power generation systems. Development of technologies for production of thin-film solar cells and low-cost, large-area modules (Development of technologies for high-reliability CdTe solar cell modules); 1999 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Usumaku taiyo denchi no seizo gijutsu kaihatsu / tei cost daimenseki module seizo gijutsu kaihatsu (koshinraisei CdTe taiyo denchi module no seizo gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-03-01

    The research and development project is implemented for production of low-cost, large-area modules of CdTe solar cells by the high-quality film-making process and high-function patterning, and the FY 1999 results are reported. The research program for the large-area TCO film-making technologies involves investigations on improvement of SnO{sub 2} film quality by the mist method and continuous film-making, which lead to continuous, stable production of 34 substrates of low resistance of 9.7{omega} on the average. The program for production of the large-area, thin-film CdS/CdTe solar cells involves production of TCO and CdS by the mist method, and patterning of the laminated TCO/CdS film by laser scribing. The CdTe film is formed by the atmospheric pressure CSS method, and treated with CdCl{sub 2} to improve its crystallinity. The CdTe film is patterned by sand blasting, and provided with the carbon and silver electrodes by screen printing, to complete the cell. The process is totally effected at the atmospheric pressure, needing no vacuum device. The CdTe solar cell assembly (130 cells connected in series, opening area: 5,413cm{sup 2}), fabricated on a trial basis, achieves a conversion efficiency of 10%. (NEDO)

  10. Achievement report for fiscal 1997 on development of technologies for practical photovoltaic system under New Sunshine Program. Manufacture of thin-film solar cell and of low-cost/large-area module (Formation of low-temperature film); 1997 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Usukau taiyo denchi no seizo gijutsu kaihatsu, tei cost daimenseki module seizo gijutsu kaihatsu (teion maku keisei gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    A polycrystalline Si thin film formation technology is developed, which uses the flux process in which a reaction occurs between the target crystal and a flux component which is eutectic. Using this process, a crystal grain relatively large in diameter is obtained at a relatively low temperature. This method is now attracting attention as one of the technologies for producing crystalline Si film for use in thin-film polycrystalline Si solar cells. Especially when Al is used for flux, since Al is automatically doped into the target crystalline Si film, it is expected that the resulting film will serve as the ground for a photoactive layer provided with the BSF (back surface field) function which is important for the improvement of solar cell efficiency. A polycrystalline Si thin film is formed on a 2cm times 2cm-large glass substrate at a temperature not higher than 600 degrees C. It is recognized that films selectively oriented towards the (111) or (100) plane are acquired when other processes are employed. It is expected that the said Al-doped film provides a ground on which a BSF function-provided photoactive layer will be formed. (NEDO)

  11. Achievement report for fiscal 1997 on developing practical application technology for photovoltaic power generation systems under the New Sunshine Project. Development of technologies to manufacture thin film solar cells, development of technologies to manufacture low-cost large-area modules, and development of technologies to manufacture new type amorphous solar cells; 1997 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu. Usumaku taiyo denchi no seizo gijutsu kaihatsu, tei cost daimenseki module seizo gijutsu kaihatsu, shingata amorphous taiyo denchi no seizo gijutsu kaihatsu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Development will be made on high-performance a-solar cells as part of developing practical application technology for a-solar cells for electric power use. Development will be also made on a low-cost process technology. This paper describes the achievements attained during fiscal 1997. Quality improvement has been realized by using a high RF power hydrogen dilution process on a-Si films for front cells of lamination type cells. Four times faster film forming speed was obtained even by using the VHF plasma CVD process, with film quality equivalent to those made by using the conventional RF process maintained. By optimizing the light enclosing construction, the short circuit current was enhanced by over 20%. Discussions were given on forming homogenous a-Si films by optimizing the conditions for forming films on large-area substrates, which resulted in forming film of 30 cm times 40 cm size with good homogeneity at a film forming speed three times faster than the conventional speed. A surface electrode was formed successfully with good uniformity on a substrate with a size of 60 cm times 90 cm. Productivity greater by over three times the conventional productivity was achieved in patterning of transparent electrodes by using high-output laser. Simultaneous and collective patterning and very small and long size collective patterning were realized in a-Si film selection patterning by using the plasma CVD process. (NEDO)

  12. Achievement report for fiscal 1997 on development of technologies for practical photovoltaic system under New Sunshine Program. Manufacture of thin-film solar cell and of low-cost/large-area module (Manufacture of high-reliability CdTe solar module); 1997 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Usumaku taiyo denchi no seizo gijutsu kaihatsu, tei cost daimenseki module seizo gijutsu kaihatsu (koshinraisei CdTe taiyo denchi module no seizo gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    The target is a low-cost CdS/CdTe solar cell of a large area (60cm times 90cm), the establishment of mass-production technologies for the cell, and the enhancement of production efficiency. A thin film formation technology of subjecting CdS film organic metal to pyrolysis is established, which reduces photoabsorption loss in the shortwave domain of wavelength of not longer than 500nm, reduces reflection loss in the film, and improves on short-circuit current density. Improvement is also achieved on CdTe film quality and junction quality by use of a proximity sublimation method in a vacuum, when a conversion rate of 16.0% (1cm{sup 2}) is attained which is the highest in the world. Based on the results of the above-said efforts, a 3.3mm-thick glass substrate is employed for CdTe film to develop into a 30cm times 60cm-large size, with the film thereon uniformly thick over a large area thanks to a normal pressure proximity sublimation method. Studies are made toward a process nearer to the ultimate product and, using the patterning technique, a 30cm times 60cm-large CdTe solar cell is tentatively built realizing a conversion rate of 9.8%. (NEDO)

  13. Briti näitekirjanik Utton astus Langi kaitseks välja

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Justiitsminister Rein Lang tähistas oma sünnipäeva 4. juulil Tartus Püssirohukeldris Vanemuise teatri monotükiga "Adolf", autor Pip Utton. Šoti uudisteportaal Scotsman.com kirjutas, et vastuseks Vene meedia kriitikale kutsub autor etendust üheskoos Edinburghi vaatama

  14. "Allakäigu" realistlik tõepära rabab traagilisel moel / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2004-01-01

    PÖFFi filme - mängufilm Teise maailmasõja viimastest päevadest Berliinis, peategelaseks Adolf Hitler - "Allakäik" ("Der Untergang") : režissöör Oliver Hirschbiegel : Saksamaa 2004. Lisa : Saksa meediast Urmet Koogi tõlgitud lühiintervjuu näitleja Bruno Ganziga "Ma ei parodeerinud Hitlerit"

  15. S voinoi pokontshili mõ stshjotõ? / Eteri Kekelidze

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kekelidze, Eteri, 1944-

    2004-01-01

    PÖFFi filme - mängufilm Teise maailmasõja viimastest päevadest Berliinis, peategelaseks Adolf Hitler - "Allakäik" : režissöör Oliver Hirschbiegel : Saksamaa 2004 ja Dmitri Meshijevi sõjafilm "Omad" : Venemaa 2004

  16. Hitleri rolli taga on salajane lindistus marssali juubelilt / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2005-01-01

    Mängufilm Teise maailmasõja viimastest päevadest Berliinis, peategelaseks Adolf Hitler - "Allakäik" ("Der Untergang") : režissöör Oliver Hirschbiegel : Saksamaa 2004. Hitleri rolli jaoks oli Bruno Ganzile suureks abiks salajane lindistus Hitleri, Soome presidendi Risto Ryti ja marssal Mannerheimi vestlusest viimase juubelil 1942.a.

  17. Vaade hävingu epitsentrile / Mari Laaniste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laaniste, Mari, 1977-

    2006-01-01

    Mängufilm Teise maailmasõja viimastest päevadest Berliinis, peategelaseks Adolf Hitler - "Allakäik" : režissöör Oliver Hirschbiegel : Saksamaa 2004. Lühidalt ka režissööri elust ja loomingust

  18. Üle ilma koletis / Andrei Hvostov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hvostov, Andrei, 1963-

    2005-01-01

    Mängufilm Teise maailmasõja viimastest päevadest Berliinis, peategelaseks Adolf Hitler - "Allakäik" ("Der Untergang") : režissöör Oliver Hirschbiegel : Saksamaa 2004. Hitlerist, kui möödunud sajandi saksa suurkujust

  19. Ritualnõi skandal / Mark Levin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Levin, Mark

    2000-01-01

    Rakvere teatrifestival "Baltoscandal 2000" : New Yorgi Wyoming Dance Theatre Projecti all tegutseva Pat Creminsi tantsuõhtu, inglase Pit Upponi kehastatud Hitler monotükis "Adolf", Oskaras Korshunovas Theatre, Marius von Mayenburgi "Tule nägu" ("The Face of Fire"), lavastaja Oskaras Korshunovas, jt.

  20. Eesti rahvusliku tahte triumf? / Tarmo Jüristo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jüristo, Tarmo

    2010-01-01

    Autor analüüsib kaitseminister Jaak Aaviksoo Tartu rahu aastapäevale pühendatud kõnet, milles kaitseminister viitas tahtmatult 1934. aasta propagandafilmile "Tahte triumf" ("Triumph des Willens"), mis kujutas Adolf Hitleri saabumist natsionaalsotsialistliku partei Nürnbergi konverentsile

  1. Teine kunst / Sigrid Saarep

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saarep, Sigrid

    2002-01-01

    Autsaiderite (vaimuhaiglates, hooldekodudes, varjupaikades jm.olijate) kunstist (Art Brut - Jean Dubuffet termin, autsaiderite kunst - Roger Cardinali termin) ja kunstikogudest. Psühhiaatrite Walter Morgenthaleri (1882-1965) ja Hans Prinzhorni (1886-1933) vaimuhaigete kunsti käsitlevatest raamatutest (W. Morgenthaleri raamat Adolf Wölfli'st). Autsaiderkunstist Eestis, juhendajatest, Tallinnas viimastel aastatel olnud nn. metsiku kunsti näitusi.

  2. The role of culture in effective HIV/AIDS communication by theatre in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Chijioke Uwah

    2014-04-04

    Apr 4, 2014 ... The term “culture” traces its root back to German Romanticism and Herder's idea of the Volksgeist (the spirit of a people), which was adopted for anthropological use by Adolf Bastian. From Bastian the term diffused (via Edward B. Tylor) into. British anthropology (where it received great prominence), and.

  3. Beijerinck's contribution to the virus concept : an introduction

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kammen, van A.

    1999-01-01

    The existence of viruses was first recognized when certain pathogens were found to pass through filters that otherwise stop bacteria. Pasteur made such observations in 1887 with the pathogen of rabies, but he thought that the pathogen was a very subtle microbe. In 1886 Adolf Mayer studied the mosaic

  4. Intelligence and Security: Ingredients for Stable Polity, Food Security ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In Nigeria, intelligence, especially military intelligence became like the Gestapo of Adolf Hitler during the regime of General Sani Abacha. Their allegiance was blindly to the government of the day, constructive intelligence gathering and Analysis was relegated to the background. The country became stagnant and moved ...

  5. Baginsky on Aphasia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eling, P.A.T.M.

    2005-01-01

    The first functional representation of language processes, depicted in the form of a diagram, was probably produced by Adolf Baginsky in 1871. The present paper contains a short biography of him and a translation of the relevant part of Baginsky's paper. It appears that Baginsky attempted to

  6. Autentsuse ihalus ja strateegiad tänases Eesti teatris / Anneli Saro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Saro, Anneli, 1968-

    2007-01-01

    Aluseks võetud lavastused "Rätsep" (lav. Mart Koldits) ja "Nii see on kui teile nii näib" (lav. Adolf Shapiro) Tallinna Linnateatris, "Hamletid" (lav. Sasha Pepeljajev) ja "Faust" (lav. Taavi Eelmaa) Von Krahli Teatris, Tiit Ojasoo ja Ene-Liis Semperi lavastus "Nafta!" NO99 teatris. Kasut. kirjandus lk. 126

  7. Hitler and the Holocaust. Senior High School U.S. History, World History, English.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aldridge, Ron; Townsend, Kenneth

    This curriculum outline, designed for use in U.S. history, world history, or English courses, presents information about Adolf Hitler and the Holocaust. Part 1 provides a rationale for teaching about this subject, while part 2 presents an outline of historical information from 1887 to 1934 concerning Hitler's life and the rise of the Nazi Party.…

  8. anglo-south african relations and the erebus scheme, 1936-1939

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Visser

    Japan had overrun Manchuria and Adolf Hitler had come to power in Germany, vowing to redress the humiliation of Versailles. South Africa thus had to deal with the possibility of an external threat. In May 1934 Pirow announced a five-year defence plan, drafted by the Chief of the General Staff, Sir Pierre van Ryneveld, to.

  9. "The mission of this Allied Force was fulfilled at 3 a.m., local time, 7 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    May 1945, World War II ended in Europe. The out- come was much as Adolf. Hitler had predicted it would be :Western Europe was un- der the occupation of Anglo-Saxon troops and fell within the American sphere ofinfluence, while Eastern. Europe was occupiedand dominated by the Soviets. The prewar Euro-.

  10. Drums of the Birkenhead is 'n publikasie wat sterk aanbeveel kan ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    lute dictatorship under Adolf Hitler. It is well-known that as far as loyalty to the. Weimar Republic is concerned, there was some discord among the members of the. German armed forces [D.: Reichswehr]. Based on this fact, Professor Rainer Wohlfeil has in the past done research and published his findings in the Handbuch ...

  11. Apostle Battery Table Bay Fire Command

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    power of Adolf Hitler in Germany. Germany's subsequent withdrawal from the Disarmament. Conference and the League of Nations gave impetus to the modernisation of British naval bases throughout the world.3. On 9 December, 1938, the British Admiralty ad- vised the Commander-in-Chief,. South Atlantic that it had been ...

  12. Muumi-Stalinid ja väikesed Hitler-Myd / Veiko Märka

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Märka, Veiko, 1964-

    2009-01-01

    Soomerootsi kirjaniku ja kunstniku Tove Janssoni (1914-2001) näitus "Adolf, Jossif ja sõda Tove sihikul - Tove Janssoni poliitilised karikatuurid ajakirjas Garm 1930.-1940. aastail" Soome Instituudi Tartu osakonnas (Vanemuise 19) 18. veebruarini 2009. a. Kunstniku eluloolisi andmeid ja loomingust

  13. Youth Reflect on Hitler: A Cross-National Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McRoy, James J.

    1985-01-01

    A content analysis of essays written by students from Great Britain and the United States on the topic "What I have heard about Adolf Hitler" showed that today's youth have only a very superficial knowledge about the events surrounding Hitler and Nazism. (RM)

  14. 1972, pp. 136. 76

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    WERNER MASER: Adolf Hitler. legende, mythe, werkelijkheid. Uitgeverij De Arbeiders- pers, Amsterdam, 1973, pp. 531. Met aante- keninge [pp. 429 -. 506] en bibliografie. [pp. 507 - 531]. In 1945 het die skrywer van hierdie studie, op grond van 'n proefskrif oor die doelbewuste aankweek van die Hitlerlegende tot 1924,.

  15. Reflections on Antecedents of the Holocaust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fritz, Stephen G.

    1990-01-01

    Examines the influence of Karl Marx's writings on Adolf Hitler, and asks whether there was a causal nexus between Russian and Nazi atrocities. Uses primary sources as a method for historical comparison. Compares Hitler's writings on antisemitism with those of Marx. (NL)

  16. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Retief, Francois. Vol 95, No 10 (2005): - Articles Did Adolf Hitler have syphilis? Abstract PDF. ISSN: 0256-95749. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms and Conditions of Use · Contact AJOL · News. OTHER ...

  17. torily resolved by the author in footnote 172 [p.113]. Then there are ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    WERNER MASER: Adolf Hitler. legende, mythe, werkelijkheid. Uitgeverij De Arbeiders- pers, Amsterdam, 1973, pp. 531. Met aante- keninge [pp. 429 -. 506] en bibliografie. [pp. 507 - 531]. In 1945 het die skrywer van hierdie studie, op grond van 'n proefskrif oor die doelbewuste aankweek van die Hitlerlegende tot 1924,.

  18. Why Study about F.D.R. and Hitler?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gross, Richard E.

    1983-01-01

    Both Franklin Delano Roosevelt and Adolf Hitler came to power in 1933. This 50th anniversary issue contains articles analyzing the two men, and the different political, social, moral, and artistic directions taken by the United States and Germany in the 1930's. American youth have much to learn from what occurred. (CS)

  19. Killing Hitler: A Writer's Journey and Angst.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thaler, Paul

    2002-01-01

    Describes the author's experiences in preparing a talk that "evokes the specter" of Adolf Hitler and in writing an historical account of a British plot to kill Hitler. Address the question of why the British allowed him to live that final year of the war. Muses on why scholars write, and the impact of violence and terrorism. (SG)

  20. Retrospective: Ivy Lee and the German Dye Trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hainsworth, Brad E.

    1987-01-01

    Examines the relationship between public relations trailblazer Ivy Lee and the German Dye Trust, which became an agent for the policies of Adolf Hitler. Discusses how Lee's efforts to use this relationship to persuade his contacts to influence the Nazi leadership failed because of his formal connection with this group. (JD)

  1. Hitler’s Jewish Physicians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weisz, George M.

    2014-01-01

    The mystery behind the behavior of infamous personalities leaves many open questions, particularly when related to the practice of medicine. This paper takes a brief look at two Jewish physicians who played memorable roles in the life of Adolf Hitler. PMID:25120923

  2. Nazi interne propaganda in die tweede wêreldoorlog | Kotze ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Adolf Hitler considered propaganda as a tactical weapon which should be used in warfare. The Second World War proved that it was no super weapon, and that it could not be used in isolation, but it is generally agreed that Nazi internal propaganda played a prominent part in upholding solidarity of morale in Germany ...

  3. Simon van der Stel en Constantia sal in my gedagtes bly. Die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    lute dictatorship under Adolf Hitler. It is well-known that as far as loyalty to the. Weimar Republic is concerned, there was some discord among the members of the. German armed forces [D.: Reichswehr]. Based on this fact, Professor Rainer Wohlfeil has in the past done research and published his findings in the Handbuch ...

  4. Roots and Routes: Road from Home to America, Middle East and Diaspora, about Being Armenian Genocide Female Survivor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aghajanian, Ani Derderian

    2011-01-01

    Adolf Hitler, on August 22, 1939 stated, "I have given orders to my Death Units to exterminate without mercy or pity men, women, and children belonging to the Polish-speaking race. It is only in this manner that we can acquire the vital territory which we need. After all, who remembers today the extermination of the Armenians?"…

  5. East and Central Africa Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences Vol.13 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof.Thoithi

    The Romans, Greeks,. Chinese, Arabs and Indians used cosmetics extensively. In 1800s makeup was used primarily by prostitutes. Queen Victoria publicly declared makeup improper, vulgar and acceptable only for use by actors. Much later, Adolf Hitler told women that face painting was for clowns and not decent women.

  6. "Structured Discovery": A Modified Inquiry Approach to Teaching Social Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lordon, John

    1981-01-01

    Describes structured discovery approach to inquiry teaching which encourages the teacher to select instructional objectives, content, and questions to be answered. The focus is on individual and group activities. A brief outline using this approach to analyze Adolf Hitler is presented. (KC)

  7. Hitler’s Jewish Physicians

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George M. Weisz

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available The mystery behind the behavior of infamous personalities leaves many open questions, particularly when related to the practice of medicine. This paper takes a brief look at two Jewish physicians who played memorable roles in the life of Adolf Hitler.

  8. Criticism over justice minister's Hitler party

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Justiitsminister Rein Lang tähistas 4. juulil Tartus Püssirohu keldris oma sünnipäeva, kus etendati monotükki "Adolf" Hitleri viimastest elutundidest. Venemaa reageering ja süüdistused, Rein Langi vastus kriitikale

  9. Charismatic Leaders: A Lesson Plan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johns, Robert W.

    1983-01-01

    Focusing upon Franklin D. Roosevelt and Adolf Hitler, these lessons for high school students in U.S. or world history courses deal with what charismatic leadership is, what circumstances and personality factors generate charismatic movements, and the role, results, and dangers of charismatic leadership. (RM)

  10. Content Analysis of Essays from a Cross-National Survey: Implications for Teaching Strategies in Holocaust Studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McRoy, James J.

    The content of essays written by randomly selected samples of 1500 U.S. and 500 British secondary students on the topic "What have I learned about Adolf Hitler?" were partitioned into theme-related assertions and analyzed. An experimental group of 150 9th- and 11th-grade male students who had studied the Holocaust also contributed papers…

  11. Test your self-leadership skills. How good are you in leading yourself?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    L.G. Tummers (Lars)

    2014-01-01

    textabstractWhen most people think of leaders, they think of famous people like Martin Luther King, John F. Kennedy, or (when talking about toxic leaders), Adolf Hitler. But why not think about ourselves in term of a leader? Academics and professionals interested in ‘self-leadership’ chose this

  12. Aktjorõ uhhodjat v legendõ / Eteri Kekelidze

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kekelidze, Eteri, 1944-

    2007-01-01

    Lavastaja ja näitleja Mikk Mikiver oleks 4. septembril saanud 70. aastaseks. Tallinna Linnateatris toimunud meenutusteõhtul rääkis oma koostööst näitleja Mikk Mikiveriga lavastaja Adolf Shapiro ning näidati videokatkendeid lavastustest

  13. Vladimir Anshon : "Tolko sostradanije mozhet uderzhat ot neobratimõh postupkov..." / Eteri Kekelidze

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kekelidze, Eteri, 1944-

    2007-01-01

    Teatrikunstnik Vladimir Anshon lavakujundusest Adolf Shapiro poolt Tallinna Linnateatris lavastatud Luigi Pirandello näidendile "Nii see on, kui teile nii näib". XI Praha lavastuskunstnike kvadriennaali žürii liige Vladimir Anshon žürii tööst. Eestit esindab näitusel Ene-Liis Semper

  14. Saksa krambiteater - levinud müüt / Laur Kaunissaare

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kaunissaare, Laur, 1982-

    2004-01-01

    Saksa teatrites nähtud lavastustest - R. Wilsoni lavastus "Leonce ja Lena" Berliner Ensemble'is, T. Ostermeieri "Nukumaja" Schaubühnes, Berliner Ensemble'i proovilaval mängitav monodraama "Artaud meenutab Adolf Hitlerit ja Romanisches Cafed" (esitab M. Wuttke), M. Thalheimeri lavastus "Emilia Galotti" Deutsches Theateris

  15. Kuninglik kingitus Sofiero / Meeli Müüripeal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Müüripeal, Meeli, 1963-

    2005-01-01

    Sofiero pargist, mille tulevane Rootsi kuningas Gustav VI Adolf ja kroonprintsess Margareta said 1905. a. pulmakingiks, mille nad tegid kauniks ja kuulsaks ning pärandasid Helsingborgi linnale. Margareta avaldatud aiaraamatutest. Juubelisuveks ilmus rootsi ja inglise keeles kogumik "Sofiero. Royal Residence and Glorius Garden". 18 ill

  16. Etendus ja mõtestus / Erkki Luuk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luuk, Erkki, 1971-

    2006-01-01

    Gabriel Garcia Marqueze/ Toomas Hussari "Sada aastat..." Vanemuise teatris Hendrik Toomepere jun.lavastuses ja Ervin Õunapuu kujunduses, sotsiaaalselt mõtestatud teatri näiteina on juttu ka Mart Kivastiku näidendite "Külmetava kunstniku portree" ja "Põrgu wärk" ning Õunapuu-Uttoni monotüki "Adolf" lavastustest

  17. ;.4~ ).4

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Adolf Hitler considered propaganda as a tactical weapon which should be used In warfare. The Second World War proved that It w.. no super weapon, and that It. Couldnot be used In Isoletlon, but it Is generally agreed that Nul Internel propegencle played a prominent part In upholding solidarity of morele In Germeny during ...

  18. First in Space: The Army’s Role in U.S. Space Efforts, 1938-1958

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-09

    The Army was particularly interested in the missile technology that Adolf Hitler had employed in his campaign of terror against the Allies.70 The V...Clashed: How the Red Army Stopped Hitler . Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas. 2015. Jacobsen, Annie. Operation Paperclip: The Secret Intelligence

  19. Meie skandaalitsesime ka! Jaanipäeval võttis MM suuna teatrifestivalile "Baltoscandal" / Anu Aaremäe, Tiiu Suvi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aaremäe, Anu

    2000-01-01

    Meeldejäävaimaid "teatripärleid" Rakvere teatrifestivalilt "Baltoscandal 2000" : Oskaras Korshunovas Theatre, Marius von Mayenburgi "Tule nägu" ("The Face of Fire"), lavastaja O. Korshunovas, Pit Uttoni ühemehetükk "Adolf", Sasha Pepeljajevi trupi "One Second Hand" ja poola "Moisture", lavastaja Madzik Leszek

  20. Using Historical Empathy to Excite Students about the Study of History: Can You Empathize with Neville Chamberlain?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foster, Stuart

    1999-01-01

    Describes a historical empathy lesson that requires high school students to understand, explain, and evaluate why Neville Chamberlain followed the policy of appeasement in his negotiations with Adolf Hitler. Defines historical empathy and includes an appendix with list of key events, student investigation sheet, and resource materials. (CMK)

  1. Nazi terror system and its practical use

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anvar M. Mamadaliev

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The article tells about reasons and consequences of Adolf Hitler’s terror. Special attention is attached to mechanism of Nazi dictatorship and its ideological bases, set in Hitler’s work ‘My Struggle’, the 25 Point Program.

  2. The Eichmann Trial on East German Television

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Keilbach, Judith

    2014-01-01

    abstractThe trial against Adolf Eichmann was one of the first transnational media events on television. Its world-wide coverage required transnational cooperation. Using East German television reports about the trial this article argues that although the event transcended national borders it

  3. 3 fortællinger om arkitekturens grundlæggelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerrum, Peter

    rummet indenfor modernismens arkitekturen arkitekturhistorisk beskrivelse af den forskellige arkitektoniske artikulation af rummet, som kendetegner de største af modernismens arkitekter: Adolf Loos, Mies van der Rohe, Hans Scharoun, Alvar Aalto m. fl. Desuden forord skrevet af henholdsvis professor...

  4. Minimalismens logik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munch, Anders V.

    2003-01-01

    Tolkning af tankegangen bag den minimalistiske formgivning ud fra Adolf Loos, Ludwig Mies van der Rohe og Ludwig Wittgenstein som en ledetråd hele det 20. århundredes formsans, der følges i senere eksempler i 60'ernes objektkunst og 90'ernes nye minimalisme i design og kunst....

  5. Reflections The Early life of Albert Einstein: Seeking the Mature ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    1891 Einstein studied with an outstanding teacher of mathematics, AdolfSickenburger, a vocal supporter of school reform. He had authored a Textbook of Elementary Mathemat- ics. This book, which was published in parts, was used at Luitpold throughout Einstein's stay at the school. He based his book on twenty years of ...

  6. Proljot "Valkirij"

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2007-01-01

    Adolf Hitlerile kavandatud atendaadist rääkiva filmi "Valkyrie" (ka "Rubicon") võtetega seotud intsidendist Saksamaal. Filmigrupp ei saanud Saksamaa Kaitseministeeriumilt luba filmida nende Berliini peakorpuse hoones kuna filmi peaosas ja üks filmi produtsente on saientoloog Tom Cruise

  7. Hitleri atendaadi kavandajad / jaanus Noormets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Noormets, Jaanus

    2007-01-01

    Adolf Hitlerile 1944. aastal toimunud atendaadist rääkivast Bryan Singeri mängufilmist "Valküürid" ("Valkyrie"), kus ooberst Claus von Stauffenbergi mängib näitleja Tom Cruise. Lisatud vandenõulaste grupipilt, kus on näitlejad oma rollides. Film esilinastub 2008.a. suvel

  8. Sada aastat kutselist müüdiloometööstust / Madis Kolk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kolk, Madis

    2006-01-01

    Müüdiloomest rahvusliku dramaturgia näol - A. Kitzbergi "Tuulte pöörises", Mait Metsanurga "Päikese tõusul", A. Kivirähki "Eesti matus", "Adolf Rühka lühikene elu", Teatriparadiis", "Sürrealistid"

  9. Weimari vari / Kalle Muuli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Muuli, Kalle, 1958-

    2008-01-01

    Enne Venemaa presidendivalimisi võrdles Eesti president Toomas Hendrik Ilves praegust Venemaad kunagise Weimari vabariigiga Saksamaal, jättes mainimata, et Weimari vabariik lõppes valimistega, mis tõid võimule natsionaalsotsialistliku partei eesotsas Adolf Hitleriga. Demokraatlike valimistega seotud ohtudest vähese demokraatiakogemusega maades

  10. Sport, kunst en propaganda in het Derde Rijk

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jan de Leeuw

    2017-01-01

    In de Duitse stad Bochum loopt op dit moment een tentoonstelling met als titel: 'Artige Kunst' (gewillige, gehoorzame kunst). Het is kunst die paste bij de cultuurpolitiek van het nationaalsocialisme van Adolf Hitler. In 1937 werd deze kunst getoond tijdens de eerste Grossen Deutschen

  11. kort kroniek van militere operasies en oprtredes in suidwes-afrika en ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tweede Wereldoorlog (1939 - 1945). Na Adolf Hitler se bewindsoorname in Duitsland het die invloed van die Nazi-party oak in SWA toegeneem. Gedurende die dertigerjare het Hit- ler openlik aangedring op die teruggawe van die vroeere Duitse kolonies. Tydens die ampstermyn. Scientia Militaria, South African Journal of ...

  12. Sound-tracking Germany: 70 years of imagining the nation from Schlager to Techno

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Schiller, M.M.

    2016-01-01

    In the mid-seventies, Kraftwerk asked, "What is the sound of the German Bundesrepublik?" and answered with their international über-hit "Autobahn". In the eighties, Deutsch Amerikanische Freundschaft [DAF] ordered the dance-obsessed New German Wave youth to "shake your ass and do the Adolf Hitler!"

  13. "The Fawlty Rhetoric of National Character"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lassen, Henrik; Sellars, Roy

    2009-01-01

    en kendt Københavnsk restaurant i april 2007; en situation, der hurtigt blev tolket og gjort populært forståelig ved reference til John Cleese i rollen som Basil Fawlty der spiller Adolf Hitler for at underholde en uheldig gruppe af tyske hotelgæster. Afslutningsvis videregives nogle metodiske...

  14. 4R 31TR4SIE TY[)E~S [)IE EOEREOORLOG

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Adolf Hitler aangehaal deur F. L. Schuman,. International Politics, p. 174. Die belangrikste uitvloeisel van die Den Haag byeenkoms was sekerlik die feit dat daar vir die eerste keer in die geskiedenis 'n poging aangewend is om 'n internasionale organisa- sie in die Iewe te roep met regeringsteun, om oorlog te bekamp.

  15. HTS 63_4_ VELDSMAN.DANIE_verwerk

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    p1243322

    Socialists in 1935 for refusing to pledge allegiance to Adolf Hitler. Barth believed that his teachers had been misled by a theology which tied God too closely to the finest, deepest expression and experiences of cultured human beings, into claiming divine support for a war which they believed was waged in support of that ...

  16. Hitler's Worldview and the Interwar Kulturkampf

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weir, Todd Hagman

    2018-01-01

    This conceptual historical investigation of Adolf Hitler’s use and understanding of the term worldview (Weltanschauung) revisits the debate over the relationship of religion and National Socialism. The tendency of most studies of Hitler’s worldview to focus on the genealogy of his beliefs correlates

  17. R-ES-ONA--NCEI

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    In January 1933 Adolf Hitler came to power in. Germany. The policy of purging Germany of. Jews from its cultural life was set in motion. Jewish scientists were removed from their jobs and many of them migrated to other countries. Heisenberg decided to remain in Germany as he thought that by remaining there something of.

  18. Resonance journal of science education

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    (Credit: M S Pavan, IISc). Adolf von Baeyer. (1835–1917). (Illustration: Subhankar Biswas). Front Cover. Science Smiles. Ayan Guha. 488. Back Cover. Inside Back Cover. Flowering Trees. Credit: R Arun Singh, IISc. 483. REFLECTIONS. 570 Ramanujan's Circle. Inspirors, Patrons and Mentors. Utpal Mukhopadhyay. 489.

  19. uie twe

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Die beoogde 'bush cart' was in Februa- rie 1938 nog in 'n eksperimentele stadium en is moontlik as gevolg van gebeure h:erna, nooit in d:e praktyk gebruik nie. F. Binnelandse houding. Nadat die Britse opponering van d;e Duitse politiek van Adolf Hitler bekend geword het. was toestande in die Unie baie onseker. Daar.

  20. Towards a conceptual history of canonization in totalitarian societies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Postoutenko, Kirill

    2016-01-01

    a reference to his slogans and speeches. The article compares such a canonization in Soviet Union with parallel processes in Nazi Germany (where Adolf Hitler and his texts are revered to a much lesser degree) and United States of America (where this development is missing altogether despite Franklin D...

  1. Church, mission and ethics. Being church with integrity

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    the church under the piercing light of the Word, fiercely criticising the church's loss of moral direction. On 30 January 1933 Adolf Hitler was named Chancellor of. Germany. He immediately took control by increasing the powers of the Gestapo and eliminating all real opposition to his vision of a unified, one-party state. During ...

  2. Ühest raamatute hävitamise meetodist / Oskar Kruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kruus, Oskar, 1929-2007

    2005-01-01

    Autobiograafilistest proosateostest: Rühka, Adolf. Vanaisa vaim. Tartu : Postimees, 1901 ; Kõiv, Salme. Reet Tammik. Tartu ; Tallinn : Loodus, 1939. Mõlemat raamatut püüdsid raamatutes kujutatud lähedased kokku osta ja hävitada. Autorist lk. 297

  3. How to understand the parables of Jesus. A paradigm shift in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    For many years, the exegesis of the parables of Jesus was determined by assumptions that were largely purported by Adolf Jülicher and subsequently underwent only insignificant modification. The Kompendium der Gleichnisse Jesu (ed. R. Zimmermann, Gütersloh 2007), whose methodology and hermeneutics are ...

  4. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    'an-nil'; the suffix 'ine' in French means 'derivative') in 1841 by the German chemist Carl Fritzsche (1808–1871). Several eighteenth century chemists took pleasure in working on indigo chemistry, but ultimately the mystery of its correct mo- lecular structure was unravelled by the relentless efforts of. Adolf Baeyer and his ...

  5. "Les Belges dans l'Afrique centrale". d'Adolphe Burdo et Charles de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Donos is proven to be based on plagiarism from Quatre années au Congo by the author François Charles Jeannest. Keywords:Booktrade, Congo Independent State, Burdo Adolf, de Martrin-Donos Charles, Jeannest Charles, Maes Pierre, ...

  6. Learning to Think: Arendt on Education for Democracy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, Haim

    1988-01-01

    Discusses Hannah Arendt's belief that Nazi Adolf Eichmann's crimes stem from his failure to think. States that educators in a democracy must teach students to think about political and social issues. Covers methods of teaching thinking (as differentiated from problem solving) and dangers of a political realm without thinking citizens. (CH)

  7. Yugoslavia: Implications of an Unjust War

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-03-15

    butcher of Belgrade, butcher of Balkans, the most evil dictator to emerge in Europe since Adolf Hitler, a psychopath , and Serb tyrant.9 The standardized...Victims in Artukovic’s camps died from a mixture of hard labor, starvation and poisoning. He had a particular penchant for poisoning children and enjoyed

  8. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Did Adolf Hitler have syphilis? Abstract PDF · Vol 44, No 2 (2007) - Articles Die problematisering van die etiese: Deon Meyer se Infanta as hardboiled misdaadroman. Abstract PDF · Vol 23, No 1 (2009) - Articles Book Review: O.J.O. Ferreira, Da Costa Leal in die Zuid-Afrikaanse Republiek: die sekretaris van 'n Portugese ...

  9. Linnateater - 16 nimetust / Boris Tuch

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuch, Boris, 1946-

    2006-01-01

    Tallinna Linnateatri viimase kümne aasta lavastustest ja lavastajatest - Elmo Nüganen, Jaanus Rohumaa, Mart Koldits, Eva Klemets ja külalislavastajast Adolf Shapirost. Pikemalt peatutakse lavastustel "Pianoola ehk Mehhaaniline klaver", "Tõde ja õigus. Teine osa", Tshapajev ja Pustota", "Et keegi mind valvaks"

  10. Tartu ülikooli Vene ajaloo professor Alexander Brückner (1834-1896) / Tiit Rosenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenberg, Tiit, 1946-

    2004-01-01

    Alexander Brückneri elust, vaadetest, loomingust ja perekonnast. Alexander Brücknerist kui Õpetatud Eesti Seltsi liikmest. Tartu Ülikooli vene ajaloo õppejõududest. Lühidalt Tartust pärit vene ajaloo uurijast Ernst Adolf Herrmannist

  11. Neonatslusele pani aluse Ida-Saksa salapolitsei Stasi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Saksamaa suursaadik Moskvas Ernst-Jörg von Studnitz väidab, et Saksamaa tänavail peadtõstva neonatsluse sünnitajaks ei olnud mitte Adolf Hitleri pärand ega natsluse ideoloogia, vaid endine Ida-Saksa salapolitsei Stasi

  12. Minutes of the Explosives Safety Seminar (25th) Held in Anaheim, California on 18-20 August 1992. Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-08-20

    exposure analysis: - persons outdoors, like on a free field, in a forest, on a sports ground, in a garden or on a mountain trail, - persons in houses...COAST GUARD MR. ADAMS ROBERT THE BOEING COMPANY CAPTAIN ADOLF DAVID HQ, PACAF/SEW MR. ALBIN RICHARD COMMANDER, US ARMY MSGT ALT JEFF 3246 EQUIPMENT

  13. Vulnerability Management for an Enterprise Resource Planning System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goel, Shivani; Kiran, Ravi; Garg, Deepak

    2012-09-01

    Enterprise resource planning (ERP) systems are commonly used in technical educational institutions(TEIs). ERP systems should continue providing services to its users irrespective of the level of failure. There could be many types of failures in the ERP systems. There are different types of measures or characteristics that can be defined for ERP systems to handle the levels of failure. Here in this paper, various types of failure levels are identified along with various characteristics which are concerned with those failures. The relation between all these is summarized. The disruptions causing vulnerabilities in TEIs are identified .A vulnerability management cycle has been suggested along with many commercial and open source vulnerability management tools. The paper also highlights the importance of resiliency in ERP systems in TEIs.

  14. Nekaltumo prezumpcija

    OpenAIRE

    Boreiša, Ričardas

    2012-01-01

    Nekaltumo prezumpcija – pamatinis ir visuotinai pripažįstamas baudžiamosios teisės principas, įtvirtintas tarptautiniuose teisės tiek nacionaliniuose teisės aktuose. Šio principo postulatas reikalauja asmenį laikyti nekaltu, jei neįrodoma priešingai ir suponuoja būtinų procesinių taisyklių laikymąsi nustatant tam tikras proceso dalyvių teises ir pareigas. Tačiau nekaltumo prezumpcijos principas turi tam tikrų prieštaravimų, kurių esminis yra tai, kad baudžiamajame procese greta nekaltumo prez...

  15. Adaptive responses of cardiac function to fetal postural change as gestational age increases

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Woo Jin; Choi, Hye Jin; Yang, Sun Young; Koo, Boo Hae; Ahn, Ki Hoon; Hong, Soon Cheol; Oh, Min-Jeong; Kim, Hai-Joong

    2016-01-01

    Objective The cardiovascular system maintains homeostasis through a series of adaptive responses to physiological requirements. However, little is known about the adaptation of fetal cardiac function to gravity, according to gestational age. In the present study, we aimed to evaluate the adaptive responses of cardiac function to postural changes, using Tei index measurements. Methods Fetal echocardiography and Doppler examination were performed on 114 women with vertex singleton pregnancies at 19 to 40 weeks' gestation. Participants were placed in an upright seated position, and the Tei index for fetal left ventricular cardiac function was measured. The women were then moved into a supine position and the Tei index was re-measured. Results The mean Tei index when measured in an upright seated position was significantly lower than that measured in a supine positioning for all fetuses (0.528±0.103 vs. 0.555±0.106, P=0.014, respectively). This difference was also noted in fetuses with a gestational age of 28–40 weeks (0.539±0.107 vs. 0.574±0.102, P=0.011, respectively). However, there was no difference in the Tei index between an upright seated and a supine position among fetuses with a gestational age of Postural changes from an upright seated to a supine position result in an increased Tei index after a gestational age of 28 weeks. This appears to reflect maturation in the adaptive responses of the fetal cardiovascular system to postural changes. PMID:27896244

  16. O problema da informação e o estudo da economia do setor público

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ricardo Bezerra Nogueira

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A Teoria Econômica da Informação (TEI tem influenciado decisivamente os avanços teóricos recentes na Ciência Econômica. Neste Trabalho, procuramos ressaltar alguns dos impactos da TEI sobre desenvolvimentos na Teoria Econômica do Setor Público. Mais especificamente, situamos a discussão dentro do contexto do conflito entre o ideal da obtenção de alocações ótimas baseadas em informação descentralizada e a hipótese de agentes com comportamento "egoísta".

  17. A microcomputer-based system for real-time calculation of airway conductance in awake guinea pigs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorino, A M; Mariette, C; Lorino, H; Macquin, I; Rey, P; Harf, A

    1985-07-01

    Bronchial responsiveness to various drug stimuli is currently studied by constructing cumulative dose-response curves of specific respiratory conductance (SG). Airway conductance can be measured in guinea pigs by the plethysmographic technique, during the rapid transition from expiration to inspiration (TEI). Since the drug action assigns a strict timing to the experiment, conventional methods of measuring SG prove inconvenient and often lack accuracy. A computerized data acquisition system has therefore been developed to recognize TEI and calculate SG in real time. This paper describes the significant features of the program DOREMI, and gives an illustrative example of the system in use.

  18. The concept, accepted in lithuania for taxation purpose, of a resident, i. e. comparison with the tax resident’s concept according to the national legislation and provision of the agreement for the avoidance of double taxation

    OpenAIRE

    Stepanova, Ina

    2007-01-01

    Šiame magistro darbe analizuojami nuolatinio gyventojo (rezidento) apmokestinimo tikslais koncepcijos Lietuvoje aspektai. Kadangi dauguma valstybių apmokestina savo rezidentų pasaulines pajamas, rezidento apmokestinimo tikslais koncepcija tampa labai svarbiu mokesčių teisės institutu. Pagal Lietuvos, kaip ir kitų valstybių, nacionalinę mokesčių teisę tradiciškai atliekamas gyventojų, kaip mokesčių mokėtojų, skirstymas į nuolatinius (rezidentus) ir nenuolatinius (nerezidentus). GPMĮ pateikia k...

  19. «aber wir waren uns einig, daß neue Ideen am deutlichsten in der Briefform dargestellt werden können». Über Hölderlins Briefe

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johann Kreuzer

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Hölderlins letters form an integral part of his work. Their proper mode of diction and specific dignity gets clear especially within the contemporary resp. sociocultural context of the epoch-threshold 1800. The contribution outlines this context: the civil achievement of a communicative culture at the crossroads of privacy and publicity. Within this framework exemplary elucidated are letters Hölderlin wrote to Hegel, Niethammer, Ebel and Böhlendorff. Special attention is finally directed on the discussion with Schiller’s concept of “aesthetic education”.

  20. The impact of water intake on energy intake and weight status: a systematic review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniels, Melissa C.; Popkin, Barry M.

    2010-01-01

    The effects of consuming water with meals rather than drinking no beverage or various other beverages remains under-studied. This systematic review of English language studies compared the effects of drinking water and various beverage alternatives on energy intake and/or weight status. We collected relevant clinical trials, epidemiologic, and intervention studies and summarized findings across the literature. Using clinical trials, average differences in total energy intake at test meals (ΔTEI) were calculated across studies for each of several beverage categories compared to water. The literature for these comparisons is sparse and somewhat inconclusive. One of the most consistent sets of findings comes from comparing adults drinking sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB’s) vs. water before a single meal. Total energy intakes were increased 7.8% (ΔTEI range −7.5 to 18.9) when SSBs were consumed. Studies comparing nonnutritive sweeteners with water were also relatively consistent and found no impact on energy intake among adults (ΔTEI = −1.3, range −9 to13.8). Much less conclusive evidence replacing water with milk and juice estimated increases in TEI of 14.9% (range 10.9 to 23.9). These findings, along with epidemiologic and intervention studies suggested a potentially important role for water in reducing energy intakes, and by this means a role in obesity prevention. A need for randomized-controlled trials exists. PMID:20796216

  1. The Impact of Globalization on Teacher Education: The Philippine Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Guzman, Allan B.; dela Rosa, Praxedes S. M.; Arcangel, Clotilde N.

    2005-01-01

    This qualitative study is an attempt to describe how administrators, teachers and researchers in a select group of teacher education institutions (TEIs) in the capital of the Philippines collectively view globalization. Specifically, concepts of a globalized teacher education, impact of globalization in teacher education, and problems of teacher…

  2. Education for Sustainable Development in Vietnam: Lessons Learned from Teacher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kieu, Thi Kinh; Singer, Jane; Gannon, Tracey Jean

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to identify challenges in education for sustainable development (ESD) implementation in teacher education institutions (TEIs) in Vietnam and propose some appropriate solutions to advance ESD in training teachers toward sustainability. Design/methodology/approach The authors interviewed ten lecturers and 75…

  3. Technological pedagogical content knowledge in teacher education: in search of a new curriculum

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tondeur, Jo; Pareja Roblin, N.N.; van Braak, Johan; Fisser, Petra; Voogt, Joke

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to explore the ways in which teacher education institutions (TEI) prepare pre-service teachers for integrating information and communication technology (ICT) in their classroom practise. Specifically, a multiple case study was conducted to examine the ways in which the

  4. Predictors of global left ventricular function in metabolic syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivanovic, Branislava Aleksa; Tadic, Marijana Vaso; Simic, Dragan Vojislav

    2011-05-01

    The metabolic syndrome (MS) represents a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors that act synergistically. The aim of this study was to determine which parameters were independently associated with the global left ventricular (LV) function in subjects with MS estimated with the Tei index. The study included 234 subjects with MS and 96 controls adjusted by age. MS was defined by the presence of three or more of ATP- NCEP III criteria. All subjects underwent laboratory blood tests and two-dimensional, pulsed and tissue Doppler echocardiography. Appropriate tissue Doppler time intervals for the estimation of the Tei index were also assessed. The Tei index was increased in subjects with MS (0.35 ± 0.05 vs 0.49 ± 0.10, p < 0.001). Multiple regression analysis of the clinical parameters showed that systolic blood pressure (β= 0.289, p < 0.001), fasting glucose (β= 0.205, p = 0.009), LV mass index (β= 0.301, p < 0.001), E/e'(septal) (β= 0.267, p < 0.001), and e'(septal) (β= -0.176, p = 0.011) were independently associated with the global left ventricular function estimated by Tei index. MS has a significant impact on LV global function. Systolic blood pressure, fasting glucose, LV mass index, E/e'(septal), and e'(septal) were independently associated with the LV global function.

  5. Enhancing the Teaching-Learning Process: A Knowledge Management Approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhusry, Mamta; Ranjan, Jayanthi

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to emphasize the need for knowledge management (KM) in the teaching-learning process in technical educational institutions (TEIs) in India, and to assert the impact of information technology (IT) based KM intervention in the teaching-learning process. Design/methodology/approach: The approach of the paper is…

  6. County-Scale Spatial Distribution of Soil Enzyme Activities and Enzyme Activity Indices in Agricultural Land: Implications for Soil Quality Assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiangping Tan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Here the spatial distribution of soil enzymatic properties in agricultural land was evaluated on a county-wide (567 km2 scale in Changwu, Shaanxi Province, China. The spatial variations in activities of five hydrolytic enzymes were examined using geostatistical methods. The relationships between soil enzyme activities and other soil properties were evaluated using both an integrated total enzyme activity index (TEI and the geometric mean of enzyme activities (GME. At the county scale, soil invertase, phosphatase, and catalase activities were moderately spatially correlated, whereas urease and dehydrogenase activities were weakly spatially correlated. Correlation analysis showed that both TEI and GME were better correlated with selected soil physicochemical properties than single enzyme activities. Multivariate regression analysis showed that soil OM content had the strongest positive effect while soil pH had a negative effect on the two enzyme activity indices. In addition, total phosphorous content had a positive effect on TEI and GME in orchard soils, whereas alkali-hydrolyzable nitrogen and available potassium contents, respectively, had negative and positive effects on these two enzyme indices in cropland soils. The results indicate that land use changes strongly affect soil enzyme activities in agricultural land, where TEI provides a sensitive biological indicator for soil quality.

  7. Traumatic Fracture of Thin Pedicles Secondary to Extradural ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    4] The most common .... were placed from T10 to L5, sparing the atretic pedicles of L1, L2, and the left L3. The nonstructural iliac crest .... Dural ectasia is a common feature of the Marfan syndrome. Am J Hum Genet. 1988;43:726-32. 10. Tei R ...

  8. IS Learning: The Impact of Gender and Team Emotional Intelligence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunaway, Mary M.

    2013-01-01

    In university settings, dysfunction in teamwork often challenges problem-based learning in IS projects. Researchers of IS Education have largely overlooked Team Emotional Intelligence (TEI), which offers a collective cognitive skill that may benefit the student learning experience. Hypothesized are four dimensions of emotional intelligence (EI)…

  9. Editing tools. Transcribing and encoding

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spadini, E.

    2015-01-01

    This paper deals with editing tools and editing platforms, i.e. programs used by editors in order to fulfil one or more tasks in the creation of a scholarly digital edition (SDE). Recurring themes in the field of SDEs are the standardization of XML-TEI markup and the success of documentary digital

  10. The Implementation of Distance Learning Education in Technological Educational Institute of Patras – Greece

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgios Kabouridis

    2004-12-01

    3. Development of a national library network. Under the pressure of the radical changes that brought in the Greek educational system of TEI of Patras the above factors put forward on experimental basis in e-learning program in order to accumulate the necessary experience. The results of these practices are presented in this paper.

  11. Effects of a College Outdoor Orientation Program on Trait Emotional Intelligence

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, Forrest; Belknap, C. J.

    2017-01-01

    In this research, we investigated the effects of participation in a college outdoor orientation program (OOP) on participants' trait emotional intelligence (TEI). Three hundred seventeen outdoor orientation participants completed the Trait Emotional Intelligence Questionnaire-Short Form (TEIQue-SF) before and after participation in an OOP. Four…

  12. Developing a Strategy for Using Technology-Enhanced Items in Large-Scale Standardized Tests

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryant, William

    2017-01-01

    As large-scale standardized tests move from paper-based to computer-based delivery, opportunities arise for test developers to make use of items beyond traditional selected and constructed response types. Technology-enhanced items (TEIs) have the potential to provide advantages over conventional items, including broadening construct measurement,…

  13. The efiect of sevoflurane induction on the myocardial performance ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: The myocardial performance (Tei) index is a simple, reproducible and easily performed measure of cardiac ... Baseline and steady-state measurements included haemodynamics and four-chamber transthoracic echocardiographic image acquisition .... using a 3.6–1.5 MHz cardiac probe with simultaneous ECG.

  14. Hitid jälle paigas / J. L.

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    J. L.

    2005-01-01

    Raadio 2aasta menukamate lugude edetabelis sai esikoha ansambel Nexus looga "Hingetuna", järgnesid Toe Tag "Legendaarne" ja Inese "15 magamata ööd"; parim lääne lugu Rammsteini "Ameerika". Raadio Uno edetabelis esikohal Inese "15 magamata ööd", järgnesid Nexuse "Hingetuna" ja moldaavlaste "Dragostea Din Tei"

  15. Epigenetic inheritance, prions and evolution

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Such transgenerational epigenetic inheritance (TEI) raises obvious questions about a possible evolutionary role for epigenetic 'Lamarckian' mechanisms in evolution, particularly when epigenetic modifications are induced by environmental cues. In this review I attempt a brief overview of the periodically reviewed and ...

  16. Descriptive markup languages and the development of digital humanities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boris Bosančić

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The paper discusses the role of descriptive markup languages in the development of digital humanities, a new research discipline that is part of social sciences and humanities, which focuses on the use of computers in research. A chronological review of the development of digital humanities, and then descriptive markup languages is exposed, through several developmental stages. It is shown that the development of digital humanities since the mid-1980s and the appearance of SGML, markup language that was the foundation of TEI, a key standard for the encoding and exchange of humanities texts in the digital environment, is inseparable from the development of markup languages. Special attention is dedicated to the presentation of the Text Encoding Initiative – TEI development, a key organization that developed the titled standard, both from organizational and markup perspectives. By this time, TEI standard is published in five versions, and during 2000s SGML is replaced by XML markup language. Key words: markup languages, digital humanities, text encoding, TEI, SGML, XML

  17. A new cell-based method for assessing the eye irritation potential of chemicals: an alternative to the Draize test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Sun-A; An, Susun; Lee, Eunyoung; Shin, Kyeho; Cho, Jun-Cheol; Lee, Tae Ryong

    2012-07-20

    Using a human corneal cell line (HCE-T cells) and 2 evaluation criteria, we developed a new alternative method to assess the eye irritation potential of chemicals. We exposed HCE-T cells to different concentrations of 38 chemicals for 1h and measured relative cell viability (RCV) as an endpoint at each concentration. Using the RCV values, we calculated the RCV50. We also exposed HCE-T cells to 3 fixed concentrations of the 38 chemicals (5%, 0.5%, and 0.05%) for 1h and measured the RCV at each concentration. Using the RCV values at 5%, 0.5%, and 0.05%, we developed a new criterion for eye irritation potential (total eye irritation score, TEIS) and estimated the ocular irritancy. We then assessed the correlation of the results of RCV50 and TEIS with those of the Draize rabbit eye irritation. Both the RCV50 and TEIS results exhibited good positive correlations (sensitivity: 80.77%, specificity: 83.33%, and accuracy: 81.58% for TEIS; sensitivity: 73.08-76.92%, specificity: 75.00%, and accuracy: 73.68-76.32% for RCV50). We conclude that the new in vitro model using HCE-T cells is a good alternative evaluation model for the prediction of the eye irritation potential of chemicals. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. The attack of Aesculus hippocastanum L. by Cameraria ohridella Deschka and Dimic (Lepidoptera: Gracillariidae) in Greece

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikolaos Avtzis; Dimitrios Avtzis

    2003-01-01

    The horse chestnut leaf miner Cameraria ohridella is a relatively new insect in Europe, which was first observed at Lake Ohrid in 1984. Within the framework of the European Community Project "Controcam", in which Greece participates through the TEI of Kavala, Department of Forestry in Drama, we attempted for the first time to study the bio-...

  19. Summer Teacher Enhancement Institute for Science, Mathematics, and Technology Using the Problem-Based Learning Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petersen, Richard H.

    1997-01-01

    The objectives of the Institute were: (a) increase participants' content knowledge about aeronautics, science, mathematics, and technology, (b) model and promote the use of scientific inquiry through problem-based learning, (c) investigate the use of instructional technologies and their applications to curricula, and (d) encourage the dissemination of TEI experiences to colleagues, students, and parents.

  20. 77 FR 60731 - Notice of Applications for Deregistration Under Section 8(f) of the Investment Company Act of 1940

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-04

    .... [File No. 811-802]; Mairs & Power Balanced Fund Inc. [File No. 811-1048] Summary: Each applicant seeks... Parkway, Wilmington, DE 19809. ASGI Mesirow Insight TEI Fund I, LLC [File No. 811-22219]; ASGI Mesirow Insight Fund I, LLC [File No. 811-22220]; ASGI Mesirow Insight Fund A, LLC [File No. 811-22418]; ASGI...

  1. original article partnership between teacher education institutes

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The purpose of this study was to examine the status, challenges, and prospects of partnership between teacher education institutes (TEIs) and secondary schools in. Ethiopia. To this end, 141 secondary school teachers from 15 secondary schools, 70 instructor, and 162 student teachers from three universities were taken as ...

  2. Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Proceedings – Mathematical Sciences; Volume 125; Issue 2. Sesquilinear uniform ... Faculty of Mathematics and Computer Science, University of Bucharest, Bucharest, Academiei Str., 14, 010014, Romania; Technical University of Civil Engineering, Bucharest, Lacul Tei Blvd., 122-124, 020396, Romania ...

  3. Determining the Area of Review for Industrial Waste Disposal Wells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-12-01

    represents the minimun ultimate gel strength expected to be encountered when eva - luating abandoned wells drilled with water-base drilling fluids. 7...Strini-Vasan, S., "A Study of Temperature on Flow Properties of Non-Newtonian Drilling Fluids,1" M. S. Teis, University of Tulsa, 1957. 22. Hiller , K

  4. Kohalikud delikatessid = Local Delicacies / Cathelijne Nuijsink

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nuijsink, Cathelijne

    2006-01-01

    K-Muuseum Jaapanis Shiogama lähistel (arhitekt Hitoshi Abe), Chokkura Plaza näitusesaal Takanezawas (arhitekt Kengo Kuma), Aoba-Tei restoran Sendais (arhitekt Hitoshi Abe). Ill.: 12 värv. vaadet, Chokkura Plaza näitusesaali plaan

  5. Challenges Faced by Key Stakeholders Using Educational Online Technologies in Blended Tertiary Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuapawa, Kimberley

    2016-01-01

    Traditional learning spaces have evolved into dynamic blended tertiary environments (BTEs), providing a modern means through which tertiary education institutes (TEIs) can augment delivery to meet stakeholder needs. Despite the significant demand for web-enabled learning, there are obstacles concerning the use of EOTs, which challenge the…

  6. Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge in Teacher Education: In Search of a New Curriculum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tondeur, Jo; Roblin, Natalie Pareja; van Braak, Johan; Fisser, Petra; Voogt, Joke

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to explore the ways in which teacher education institutions (TEI) prepare pre-service teachers for integrating information and communication technology (ICT) in their classroom practise. Specifically, a multiple case study was conducted to examine the ways in which the development of technological pedagogical content…

  7. Hitler's hysterical blindness: fact or fiction? A cegueira histérica de Hitler: fato ou ficção?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Péricles Maranhão-Filho

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with a little known episode that occurred near the end of the Great War in a military reserve hospital located in the small town of Pasewalk, part of the distant region of Pomerania in northern Poland. The story is centered around the transient visual loss of a 29-year-old Austrian messenger of the 16th Bavarian Infantry Regiment. His name: Adolf Hitler.Este artigo trata de um episódio mal conhecido, ocorrido próximo ao final da Primeira Grande Guerra, em um hospital militar da reserva, situado na pequena cidade de Pasewalk, na distante região da Pomerania ao norte da Polônia. No centro desta história, a perda visual transitória de um cabo austríaco de 29 anos, mensageiro do 16º Regimento Bávaro de Infantaria. Seu nome: Adolf Hitler.

  8. Hurwitz Centenary Conference, Centro Stefano Franscini

    CERN Document Server

    Mansour, Mohamed

    1996-01-01

    This book contains the historical development of the seminal paper of Adolf Hurwitz, professor in mathematics at ETH (1892~1919), and its impact on other fields. The major emphasis, however, is on modern results in stability theory and its application in the theory of control and numerics. In particular, stability of the following problems is treated: linear, nonlinear and time-dependent systems, discretizations of ordinary and partial differential equations, systems with time delay on multidimensional systems. In addition robust stability, pole placement and problems related to the stability radius are treated. The book is an outgrowth of the international conference "Centennial Hurwitz on Stability Theory" which was held to honor Adolf Hurwitz, whose arti­ cle on the location of roots of a polynomial was published one hundred years ago. The conference took place at the Centro Stefano Franscini, Monte Verita, Ascona, Switzerland, on May 21~26, 1995. This book contains a collection of the papers and open pro...

  9. Арт-салон объединит культурных людей / Ксения Репсон

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Репсон, Ксения

    2010-01-01

    Vene Teater ja Adolf Käis Art Company avasid teatris uue kunstisalongi GraO (Гражданское общество) "Королевский жираф" kompositsioon-etendusega "Hinge anatoomia". Performance'i etendasid Stanislav Varkki ja Larissa Lebedeva

  10. Iskusstvo bumazhnogo lista / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2006-01-01

    Tšehhi Vabariigi suursaatkonna vahendatud tšehhi graafika näitus "10 isiksust tšehhi graafikas" Eesti Rahvusraamatukogus. Tsehhi graafika ajaloost ja töödest näitusel. Esindatud on kunstnikud Eduard Ovèaèek, Kveta Pacovska, Alena Kuèerova, Mikolash Axman, Adolf Born, Ladislav €epelak, Jiri Shalamoun, Lubomir Paeibyl, Jaroslav Kralik ja Jiri Anderle

  11. Winning Insurgent War: Back to Basics

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    review of insurgent efforts in Venezuela, Argentina, Uruguay, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Bolivia, Peru , and elsewhere does not suggest insurgencies are...your foe’s nasty thinking, you are making a competitive mistake. Killing Adolf Hitler might have worked. Capturing Presidente Gonzalo (nom de guerre...insurgencies while others had not. (Since 1966, Argentina, Colombia, Uruguay, Chile, Nicaragua, El Salvador, Peru , and Guatemala have all been stricken

  12. The treatment of a dictator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wade, Owen

    2003-05-01

    In 1973 Mr Richard Hughes, who was working on the third novel of his trilogy on the rise of the Nazi Party and Adolf Hitler, came to see me regarding a document, some 300 pages long, on the medical treatment given by Dr Theodore Morell to Hitler. The document had been obtained at the Nuremberg war trials. My original report to Hughes on the content of this document is reproduced here.

  13. Hitler's hysterical blindness: fact or fiction?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maranhão-Filho, Péricles; Silva, Carlos Eduardo da Rocha E

    2010-10-01

    This article deals with a little known episode that occurred near the end of the Great War in a military reserve hospital located in the small town of Pasewalk, part of the distant region of Pomerania in northern Poland. The story is centered around the transient visual loss of a 29-year-old Austrian messenger of the 16th Bavarian Infantry Regiment. His name: Adolf Hitler.

  14. Test your self-leadership skills. How good are you in leading yourself?

    OpenAIRE

    Tummers, Lars

    2014-01-01

    textabstractWhen most people think of leaders, they think of famous people like Martin Luther King, John F. Kennedy, or (when talking about toxic leaders), Adolf Hitler. But why not think about ourselves in term of a leader? Academics and professionals interested in ‘self-leadership’ chose this path. Self-leadership literature can provide important lessons for professionals. Self-leadership has been shown to result in greater career success, more job satisfaction and less stress. Read this bl...

  15. The Delivery of an Effective Collective Security Mechanism in West Africa: It Is Long Overdue

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-06-13

    global government. Emerging trends of overpopulation , terrorism and economic decline, among others, further obliged these organizations to give...cry from the past when individual states, like Adolf Hitler’s Nazi Germany, Stalin’s USSR, Mao’s China and Mussolini’s Italy, reigned terror on the... China and Brazil, who are interested in Africa’s natural resources and transnational corporations and the impact of their 34 international

  16. Teine nahk ehk Ornament ja meie / Hanno Soans

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soans, Hanno, 1974-

    2003-01-01

    Arhitekt Adolf Loosi suhtumine ornamenti ja nahakaunistustesse, tattoo tagasitulek käibesse läänes XX sajandi II poolel. EKA nahakunsti eriala diplomandi Kerstin Raidma lõputööst, mis sisaldas seeria levinumaid tätoveeringupiirkondi katvaid nahast ehteid, lühidalt sama eriala lõpetaja Agnetha Kurusoni lõputööst "Kest" ja lõputööde hinnetest

  17. Building Partner Capacity (BPC): Analyzing Historical Case Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-02-01

    military society that valued rigidity and operating in harmony as one machine. Adolf Hitler seized on these cultural themes, came to power in 1933, and...ruled Germany to his suicide in 1945. By embracing these two cultural ideals, which in part led to WWII and the holocaust Hitler created a focused...war machine that almost took over Europe. Hitler not only demanded total obedience and subordination of the individual to the group but an

  18. Operations Events Census Report. Volume I, 1962 through 1966. Sanitized Version.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-04-01

    0688 LACKIE, CHARLES E. 3 057557 0599 LAFFOON, CARL R. 1 46553A LAFOLLEI-rE; JOHN P. 3 047194 0680 LAGALLE, DALE E. 3 053256 0680 LAGUANA, JUAN S. 3...F. 3 050760 0640 MENDERHALL, KEITH S. 3 036922 0676 MENDEZ , RITO G. 3 070301 0628 MENETREY, LOUIS 3 055656 0601 MERCADO, ALEJANDR 3 070299 0628...070415 0628 SAMUELSON, HERBERT 3 055943 0599 SANBORN,. EARLE 3 055909 0670 SANCHEZ , ADOLF 0. 3 070271 0628 SANCHEZ , ALFREDO 3 034218 0687 SANCHEZ

  19. Eesti näitekirjandus 2005, sedakorda Kõivuta / Piret Kruuspere

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kruuspere, Piret, 1961-

    2006-01-01

    Vaadeldakse järgnevaid näidendeid : Jaan Kross "Olematu Odysseus", Jaan Kruusvall "Hääled I-III", Andrus Kivirähk "Adolf Rühka lühikene elu", Mart Kivastik "Savonarola tuleriit" ja "Põrgu Wärk", Urmas Vadi muusikalilibreto "Georg", Merle Karusoo "Misjonärid", Jaan Tätte "Meeletu", Triin Sinissaar" Soolaev", Villu Kanguri lasteooperi libreto "Mina - Napoleon" ja Jim Ashilevi "Nagu poisid vihmas"

  20. Bojan Penev a jeho kontakty s Čechami a českou kulturou

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Černý, Marcel; Hronková, D.

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 85, č. 1 (2016), s. 86-121 ISSN 0037-6736 Institutional support: RVO:68378017 Keywords : Penev, Bojan * Czech-Bulgarian cultural relations * comparative literature studies * scientific correspondences * Novák, Arne * Tichý, František Rut (ps. Zdeněk Broman) * Murko, Matija * Černý, Adolf * Páta, Josef Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  1. At Tage Liv

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mikkelsen, Henrik Hvenegaard

    2013-01-01

    Siden Hannah Arendts bog om den tyske nazi-forbryder Adolf Eichmann har vi lært, at ekstrem vold muliggøres af "dehumani­sering". Man bliver nødt til at klassificere personer som mindre eller anderledes end et menneske for at kunne påføre dem lidelse; således sætter gerningsmanden sig ud over...

  2. Moskovskije stsenõ / Eteri Kekelidze

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kekelidze, Eteri, 1944-

    2008-01-01

    Moskva teatrites nähtud lavastustest : Adolf Shapiro "451 kraadi Fahrenheiti järgi" (Et Cetera teater), Pjotr Fomenko "Kaasavaratu" ja Jevgeni Kamenkovitshi "Kõige tähtsam" (Pjotr Fomenko Meistriklass), Juri Butussovi "Kuningas Lear" (Satirikoni teater) Konstantin Raikini esituses (pälvis rolli eest Kuldse maski preemia) ja Rimas Tuminase "Häda mõistuse pärast" (Sovremenniku teatris)

  3. L’elogio del superficiale. Dal chiasma tattile a quello visivo, considerazioni tra Portmann e Merleau-Ponty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Scotti

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This work investigates Maurice Merleau-Ponty’s concept of chiasme and his philosophical link with the biology by Adolf Portmann. The paper invokes a different meaning of "profondeur" surfaces, according to the notion of self-presentation. Through the studies of Merleau-Ponty, Arendt and Portmann himself it emerges the possibility of overcaming the opposition between inside/outside and a new conception of inter-animal-ity.

  4. Disainikaart : Austria

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Gustav Klimti (1862-1918) "Judith I", Michael Thonet' (1796-1871) kuulus viini tool, Karl Emilio Pircheri ja Fidel Peugeot' büroomööbel, POLKA projektidest, näiteks tätoveeritud nahkmööbel, disainibüroode BKM ja CMOD tegemistest, Adolf Loosi (1870-1933), Friedensreich Hundertwasseri (1928-2000) ja Otto Wagneri (1841-1918) arhitektuuri ning Bernhard Schwarzbaueri disainitud tool

  5. The red atom - the help to Russia of German scientists between 1945 - 1961

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Andurand, R.

    2009-01-01

    The fifth chapter of the cooperation between German scientists and USSR from 1945 to 1961 is tackled in this issue. It treats how the german scientists were ostracized and then, their return to Germany. The returns began in 1954. The lives of Gustav Hertz, Heinz Barwich, Bruno Pontecorvo, klaus Fuchs, Manfred von Ardenne, Peter Adolf von Thiessen, Max Christian Theodor Steenbeck, Gernot Zippe, Max Vollmer, are in relation with the development of nuclear research where they brought their contribution. (N.C.)

  6. Military Review: SOF/LIC

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-06-01

    ideological insurgencies succeed as pioneered by Adolf Hider and used by Maurice Bishop in Grenada and Manuel Noriega in Pan- ama. As the number of new and...14, (&VlnlM 19el) M-121. MOM-, Fo= =P.cy o 81, Mimm 19O0-91):3-19. 3. SoulhAi hall W aim in puig regionl coodama Cold 8. Forea ei i mo d luanm Steven

  7. Sotsiaalselt pime ja poliitiliselt impotentne teater / Alvar Loog

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Loog, Alvar

    2006-01-01

    Poliitilisest ja sotsiaalsest teatrist Eestis 2005. aasta lavastuste põhjal : Pip Upponi "Adolf" Tartu Püssirohukeldris, lavastaja Ervin Õunapuu; Merle Karusoo "Misjonärid" Rakvere Teatris; Alistair Beatoni "Õnnetunne" Ugalas, lavastaja Jaak Allik; Toomas Kalli " Viimane sent" Vana Baskini Teatris, lavastaja Eino Baskin; George Orwelli "Loomade farm" Tallinna Linnateatris, lavastaja Mart Koldits; Kai Henseli "Klammi sõda" VAT Teatris, lavastaja Aare Toikka

  8. The Cathedral of Ice: Terministic Screens, Tyrannizing Images, Visual Rhetoric, and Nazi Propaganda Strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Barton, Matthew

    1999-01-01

    Many aspects of the Nazis’ methods of persuasion, especially the rhetoric and psychology of printed propaganda and the speeches of Adolf Hitler and Joseph Goebbels have been the subjects of intensive study. Oddly, the subject of technology applied as an instrument or supplement to propaganda, or the rhetorical contributions of technological devices, has very little representation in Nazi studies, despite the significance it played in their rise to power. This thesis attempts to fill that gap....

  9. Preditores de função ventricular esquerda global na síndrome metabólica Predictores de función ventricular izquierda global en el síndrome metabólico Predictors of global left ventricular function in metabolic syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Branislava Aleksa Ivanovic

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: A síndrome metabólica (SM representa um conjunto de fatores de risco cardiovascular que agem de forma sinérgica. OBJETIVO: O objetivo desse estudo foi determinar quais parâmetros estavam associados de forma independente à função global do ventrículo esquerdo (VE em indivíduos com SM, estimada através do índice Tei. MÉTODOS: O estudo incluiu 234 indivíduos com SM e 96 controles ajustados por idade. A SM foi definida pela presença de três ou mais critérios da ATP-NCEP III. Todos os indivíduos foram submetidos a testes laboratoriais e ecocardiograma bidimensional e com Doppler pulsátil e tecidual. Intervalos de tempo apropriados no Doppler tecidual para a estimativa do índice Tei também foram avaliados. RESULTADOS: O índice Tei estava aumentado em todos os indivíduos com SM (0,35 ± 0,05 vs 0,49 ± 0,10, p FUNDAMENTO: El síndrome metabólico (SM representa un conjunto de factores de riesgo cardiovascular que actúan de forma sinérgica. OBJETIVO: El objetivo de este estudio fue determinar cuales parámetros estaban asociados de forma independiente a la función global del ventrículo izquierdo (VI en individuos con SM, estimada a través del índice Tei. MÉTODOS: El estudio incluyó 234 individuos con SM y 96 controles ajustados por edad. El SM fue definido por la presencia de tres o más criterios ATP-NCEP III. Todos los individuos fueron sometidos a tests de laboratorio y ecocardiograma bidimensional y con Doppler pulsado y tisular. Intervalos de tiempo apropiados en el Doppler tisular para la estimativa del índice Tei también fueron evaluados. RESULTADOS: El índice Tei estaba aumentado en todos los individuos con SM (0,35 ± 0,05 vs 0,49 ± 0,10, p BACKGROUND: The metabolic syndrome (MS represents a cluster of cardiovascular risk factors that act synergistically. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine which parameters were independently associated with the global left ventricular (LV function in

  10. Achievement report for fiscal 1997. Technological development for practical application of a solar energy power generation system/development of technology to manufacture thin film solar cells/development of technology to manufacture low-cost large-area modules/development of technology to manufacture next generation thin film solar cells (development of technology to manufacture applied type thin film solar cells with new construction); 1997 nendo tiayoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu. Usumaku taiyo denchi no seizo gijutsu kaihatsu, tei cost daimenseki module esizo gijutsu kaihatsu (jisedai usumaku taiyo denchi no seizo gijutsu kaihatsu, oyogata shinkozo usumaku taiyo denchi no seizo gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    A thin film single crystal silicon solar cell module is developed, in which a porous silicon layer is formed on the surface of a long-sized single crystal silicon substrate, a single crystal silicon film is integrated on the layer by epitaxially growing the film thereon to form a solar cell, and the solar cell is peeled off from the silicon substrate and transferred to a plastic film substrate. The achievements during this fiscal year may be summarized as follows: simultaneous formation of a porous silicon layer on a silicon substrate, reduction of anode formation current density from 200 mA/cm{sup 2} to 10 mA/cm{sup 2}, development of a silicon epitaxial device using a carbon heater, and attainment of aperture conversion efficiency of 11.8% in a thin film single crystal silicon solar cell. Three kinds of methods were developed to peel off the solar cell. A method was developed to grind silicon substrate surface from which the solar cell has been peeled off. A technology was developed to obtain a long-sized silicon substrate of about 30 cm times 10 cm times 0.1 cm from a 4-inch silicon ingot by using a wire saw. (NEDO)

  11. Development of practical application technology for photovoltaic power generation systems in fiscal 1997. Development of technologies to manufacture thin film solar cells, development of technologies to manufacture low-cost large-area modules, development of technologies to manufacture next-generation thin film solar cells (development of technologies to manufacture CIS solar cell modules); 1997 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu. Usumaku taiyo denchi no seizo gijutsu kaihatsu, tei cost daimenseki module seizo gijutsu kaihatsu, jisedai usumaku taiyo denchi no seizo gijutsu kaihatsu (CIS taiyo denchi module no seizo gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Research and development was made with an objective to achieve conversion efficiency of 13% in a 30 cm times 30 cm size submodule of a CIS-based thin film solar cell, and to develop a manufacturing technology that can achieve 140 yen/Wp. This paper describes the achievements attained during fiscal 1997. In fiscal 1997, based on the achievements reached during the previous year, a submodule with a size of 10 cm times 30 cm was fabricated for an attempt of improving the open voltage and short circuit current density. Simultaneously, the applicability thereof to a module with an area as large as 30 cm times 30 cm was evaluated. As a result of experimental discussions, enhancement in the open voltage was verified by increasing amount of Ga or sulfur, but it was not possible to achieve 600 mV or higher. In the research of component technologies to establish a mass production process, research and development was made on a high-resistance buffer layer film forming technology, a high-quality window layer film forming technology, a high-quality metallic rear electrode film forming technology, and patterning technologies. The outdoor exposure test was continued on laminated mini-modules with a size of 10 cm times 10 cm. (NEDO)

  12. Achievement report for fiscal 1997 on development of technologies for practical photovoltaic system under New Sunshine Program. Manufacture of thin-film solar cell / low-cost and large-area module / next-generation thin-film solar cell (Manufacture of thin-film polycrystalline solar module); 1997 nendo taiyoko hatsuden system jitsuyoka gijutsu kaihatsu seika hokokusho. Usumaku taiyo denchi no seizo gijutsu kaihatsu, tei cost daimenseki module seizo gijutsu kaihatsu, jisedai usumaku taiyo denchi no seizo gijutsu kaihatsu (usumaku takessho taiyo denchi module no seizo gijutsu kaihatsu)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-03-01

    Fiscal 1997 is the first year of another 4-year-long research and development phase. In addition to researches for improving on thin-film polycrystalline Si cell efficiency that have been under way, new efforts are started, which include the development of practicality-conscious thin film producing technologies aiming at higher throughput and yield and the development of modularization process technologies which are necessary for putting thin-film cells to practical use. Concerning the formation of a power generation layer on a polycrystalline Si thin film formed by the ZMR (zone-melting recrystallization) process, studies are conducted for improvement on its throughput and yield using a new CVD (chemical vapor deposition) unit. A method of modularization is evaluated, which involves a laminate of a thin-film cell attached to a resin-coated, reinforced glass substrate and an EVA (ethylene vinyl acetate) back film. A remarkable achievement is earned toward the practicalization of technologies of thin film formation enhanced in quality and throughput and technologies of thin film modularization. (NEDO)

  13. Working Towards Führer: A Chaotic View

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cakar, Ulas

    Leadership is a concept that has been discussed since the beginning of history. Even though there have been many theories in the field accepting leadership's role in bringing order, chaotic aspects of leadership are generally neglected. This chapter aims to examine the leadership beyond an orderly interpretation of universe. For this purpose, Third Reich period and leadership during this period will be examined. Ian Kershaw's "Working Towards Führer" concept provides a unique understanding of leadership concept. It goes beyond the dualist depiction of Third Reich, it does not state Adolf Hitler as an all powerful dictator, or a weak one. Rather, he expresses that due to the conditions in the Third Reich, Adolf Hitler was both of this. This complex situation can be understood deeper when it is examined through the lens of chaos theory. This study contributes to the field by being the first in using chaos theory for examining "Working Towards Führer" concept and its development. Seemingly orderly nature of synchronization process and its vortex will be shown. Adolf Hitler's storm spot position in the chaotic system and its dynamics are explained. War's entropic power and its effect on the downfall of the system is crucial in understanding this unique chaotic system. The chaotic pattern of "Working Towards Führer" offers an opportunity to analyze the complexities of the leadership concept.

  14. Sürücü index and others.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sürücü, Hüseyin; Baytaroğlu, Corç; Aksoy, Faik Alper; Can, Naser

    2015-01-01

    In this study, we have aimed to evaluate the correlation between echocardiographic parameters that test systolic and diastolic function together. The study population was divided into two groups according to Vp. Group-1 (n = 103) represented the control group (Vp > 50 cm/s) and group-2 (n = 86) represented patients with systolic and diastolic dysfunctions together (Vp ≤ 50 cm/s). The echocardiographic parameters that evaluate systolic and diastolic function together, such as the Tei and the Sürücü indices, were compared between the groups. In group-2, the Tei index was higher (p = 0.001) and the Sürücü index was lower (p index decreases, the Tei index increases (p = 0.001). Vp is an index more affected by diastolic parameters but rarely by systolic parameters because it is measured at diastolic period. The Tei index, on the other hand, is affected by preload variables and needs two different heart cycles for calculation. The Modified Tei index, however, has limited diagnostic value because of high inter-observer variability. In this study, the usability of the Sürücü index is shown in comparison with other indices used for this purpose. Considering that it is less affected by preload variables, can be calculated over a single heart cycle, and has the ability to test variables of both systolic and diastolic periods unlike Vp. We postulate that the Sürücü index is more usable and reliable. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier B.V.

  15. Are all criteria of metabolic syndrome equally harmful?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ivanovic, Branislava A; Tadic, Marijana V; Simic, Dragan V

    2011-04-01

    The metabolic syndrome (MS) is associated with subclinical damage of different organs.The aim of this study was to determine which risk factors of MS were independently associated with left ventricular structure and function (diastolic and global). The study included 204 subjects with MS and 88 control subjects with no risk factors. The metabolic syndrome was defined by the presence of three or more of ATP-NCEP III criteria. All subjects underwent laboratory blood tests, and complete two-dimensional echocardiography which also included tissue Doppler. The echocardiography was used to assess left ventricular (LV) structure (LVmass/Ht2.7), systolic (LVEF, Ssepptal, Slateral) and diastolic function, by pulse-wave Doppler (E/A ratio) and tissue Doppler imaging (E/e'average), and global function (Tei index). Appropriate time intervals for the estimation of the Tei index were obtained by tissue Doppler. The LV mass index, E/e'average and Tei index were significantly higher in the MS group, whereas there was no difference in LV systolic function. Multiple regression analysis showed that LVmass/Ht2 was independently associated with systolic blood pressure (beta = 0.41, P < 0.001) and waist circumference (beta = 0.22, P = 0.016).The same analysis revealed that E/e'verage was independently associated with systolic blood pressure (3 = 0.35, P < 0.001), waist circumference (beta = 0.24,P = 0.004) and triglycerides level (3 = 0.21,P = 0.012); while theTei index was independently associated with systolic blood pressure (beta = 0.42, P < 0.001) and fasting glucose (beta = 0.31, P < 0.001). MS impairs left ventricular structure and diastolic and global function. Systolic blood pressure was the only MS criterion which was, at the same time, independently associated with LVmass/Ht27, E/e'averag3, and the Tei index.

  16. BCO-DMO: Providing Access to Trace Element and Isotope Data from the Atlantic Ocean and Beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rauch, S.; Allison, M. D.; Chandler, C. L.; Gegg, S. R.; Groman, R. C.; Kinkade, D.; Glover, D. M.; Wiebe, P. H.; Copley, N. J.; Shepherd, A.

    2016-02-01

    The International GEOTRACES program aims to increase our knowledge of trace elements and isotopes (TEIs) in the oceans, specifically their quantities, distribution, and roles played in biogeochemical cycles. Investigations of TEIs in the ocean are critical for further understanding of marine ecosystem functioning, global carbon and nutrient cycles, and the ocean's response to changing environmental conditions. In 2010 and 2011, U.S. GEOTRACES investigators conducted cruises along two North Atlantic transects. Hydrographic and atmospheric sampling were conducted resulting in numerous datasets of TEI concentrations and associated data from across the North Atlantic. The Biological and Chemical Oceanography Data Management Office (BCO-DMO) is responsible for the management, sharing, and long-term preservation of these datasets and others resulting from investigators funded by the U.S. National Science Foundation (NSF). As the designated U.S. GEOTRACES Data Assembly Center, BCO-DMO works closely with investigators to ensure quality and completeness of both the data and documentation to foster discovery and re-use by potential collaborators. Dataset documentation includes calibration information, quality flag definitions, and descriptions of standard sampling and analysis protocols used. In addition to data from the North Atlantic Transect cruises, data from the Eastern Pacific Zonal Transect cruises, as well as other GEOTRACES-related projects (e.g. CoFeMUG) are freely available from BCO-DMO. Related TEI data from legacy programs, including the U.S. Joint Global Ocean Flux Study (JGOFS), are also available for use by investigators, enabling more complete syntheses. This presentation will highlight relevant TEI datasets managed by BCO-DMO as well as the tools available for data discovery and visualization.

  17. Nutritional habits of Flemish adolescent sprint athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aerenhouts, Dirk; Hebbelinck, Marcel; Poortmans, Jacques R; Clarys, Peter

    2008-10-01

    To investigate dietary habits of Flemish adolescent track and field athletes using a 7-d weighed-food record. Besides adequacy for growth, development, and physical performance, dietary health aspects were considered. Twenty-nine girls and 31 boys, with minimum 2 yr of track and field training practice, were recruited. All participants had daily breakfast (girls 22.5% +/- 5.5% of total energy intake [TEI]; boys 19.8% +/- 7.3%). Fruit in girls and juices and sports drinks in boys were consumed mostly between meals (girls 21.3% +/- 8.1% of TEI; boys 24.3% +/- 10.1%). Soft drinks contributed considerably to energy intake between meals in both sexes. Protein intake (1.5 +/- 0.3 g . kg-1 . d-1 for both sexes) was within the recommended daily intake (RDI) for strength athletes. Mean daily carbohydrate intake in girls was lower than in boys (girls 5.1 +/- 1.1 g/kg; boys 6.0 +/- 0.9 g/kg), with mono- and disaccharides contributing 26% to TEI in both sexes. Total fat intake was above 30% of TEI in more than half the participants, and only 10 participants had a saturated-fat intake below 10% of TEI. Fiber intake (girls 23.7 +/- 7.9 g; boys 29.1 +/- 11.2 g) was far below the Belgian RDI. Intake of vitamins and minerals were generally low, despite micronutrient supplementation in 37.5% of the participants. Few athletes reached all nutrient RDIs. Unhealthy food habits with regard to refined sugars, fat, and micronutrients were observed. These adolescent sprinters should be encouraged to consume more nonsweetened beverages, fruits, and vegetables.

  18. Trait Emotional Intelligence, Anxiety Sensitivity, and Experiential Avoidance in Stress Reactivity and Their Improvement Through Psychological Methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kenneth Choi

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Stress pervades daily society, often with deleterious consequences for those prone to react intensely to it. Intervention techniques to attenuate stress reactivity are thus paramount. With that goal in mind, researchers have sought to identify and alter malleable psychological dispositional variables that influence stress reactivity. Trait emotional intelligence (TEI, anxiety sensitivity (AS, and experiential avoidance (EA are increasingly receiving attention in these research efforts. The self-reported emotional component of stress reactivity has been emphasized in investigations and is our focus. Specifically, this paper overviews the role of TEI, AS, and EA in self-reported stress responses. We also discuss empirically supported psychological methods to adjust suboptimal levels of these variables in normal populations. Both psycho-educational (information, skills and mindfulness-based interventions (specific mindfulness therapies or components are covered. Findings include that (1 TEI, AS, and EA are each correlated with the emotional component of stress reactivity to both naturalistic and lab-based stressors; (2 preliminary support currently exists for psycho-educational intervention of TEI and AS but is lacking for EA; (3 adequate evidence supports mindfulness-based interventions to target EA, with very limited but encouraging findings suggesting mindfulness methods improve TEI and AS; and (4 although more research is needed, stress management approaches based on mindfulness may well target all three of these psychological variables and thus appear particularly promising. Encouragingly, some methods to modify dispositional variables (e.g., a mindfulness-based format of guided self-help are easily disseminated and potentially applicable to the general public.

  19. Impact of Plaque Rupture Detected by Optical Coherence Tomography on Transmural Extent of Infarction After Successful Stenting in ST-Segment Elevation Acute Myocardial Infarction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satogami, Keisuke; Ino, Yasushi; Kubo, Takashi; Tanimoto, Takashi; Orii, Makoto; Matsuo, Yoshiki; Ota, Shingo; Yamaguchi, Tomoyuki; Shiono, Yasutsugu; Shimamura, Kunihiro; Katayama, Yosuke; Aoki, Hiroshi; Nishiguchi, Tsuyoshi; Ozaki, Yuichi; Yamano, Takashi; Kameyama, Takeyoshi; Kuroi, Akio; Kitabata, Hironori; Tanaka, Atsushi; Hozumi, Takeshi; Akasaka, Takashi

    2017-05-22

    The aim of the present study was to investigate the association between plaque rupture (PR) assessed by optical coherence tomography (OCT), and the transmural extent of infarction (TEI) assessed by contrast-enhanced cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (CE-CMR) in ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) patients after primary percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). PR is associated with larger infarct size as assessed by cardiac enzymes in STEMI patients. CE-CMR is a favorable method to assess TEI, which can predict the prognosis of STEMI patients. First, STEMI patients with primary PCI within 12 h after onset were enrolled and divided into 2 groups according to presence (n = 71) or absence (n = 32) of PR at the culprit lesion as assessed by pre-intervention OCT. CE-CMR was performed at 1 week after primary PCI. The frequency of no-reflow phenomenon (37% vs. 16%; p = 0.032) and distal embolization (24% vs. 6%; p = 0.032) was significantly higher in the rupture group compared with the non-rupture group. TEI grade was significantly greater in the rupture group (28% vs. 15% in grade 3 and 45% vs. 13% in grade 4; p < 0.001). Microvascular obstruction was more frequently seen in the rupture group (39% vs. 19%; p = 0.039). Multivariate analysis identified PR (odds ratio: 6.60, 95% confidence interval: 2.19 to 21.69; p < 0.001) and no statin use before admission (odds ratio: 3.37, 95% confidence interval: 1.06 to 11.19; p = 0.039) as independent predictors of TEI grade 3 or 4. PR as assessed by OCT is associated with greater TEI as assessed by CE-CMR in STEMI patients after primary PCI. Copyright © 2017 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. Surface wave site characterization at 27 locations near Boston, Massachusetts, including 2 strong-motion stations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thompson, Eric M.; Carkin, Bradley A.; Baise, Laurie G.; Kayen, Robert E.

    2014-01-01

    The geotechnical properties of the soils in and around Boston, Massachusetts, have been extensively studied. This is partly due to the importance of the Boston Blue Clay and the extent of landfill in the Boston area. Although New England is not a region that is typically associated with seismic hazards, there have been several historical earthquakes that have caused significant ground shaking (for example, see Street and Lacroix, 1979; Ebel, 1996; Ebel, 2006). The possibility of strong ground shaking, along with heightened vulnerability from unreinforced masonry buildings, motivates further investigation of seismic hazards throughout New England. Important studies that are pertinent to seismic hazards in New England include source-parameter studies (Somerville and others, 1987; Boore and others, 2010), wave-propagation studies (Frankel, 1991; Viegas and others, 2010), empirical ground-motion prediction equations (GMPE) for computing ground-motion intensity (Tavakoli and Pezeshk, 2005; Atkinson and Boore, 2006), site-response studies (Hayles and others, 2001; Ebel and Kim, 2006), and liquefaction studies (Brankman and Baise, 2008). The shear-wave velocity (VS) profiles collected for this report are pertinent to the GMPE, site response, and liquefaction aspects of seismic hazards in the greater Boston area. Besides the application of these data for the Boston region, the data may be applicable throughout New England, through correlations with geologic units (similar to Ebel and Kim, 2006) or correlations with topographic slope (Wald and Allen, 2007), because few VS measurements are available in stable tectonic regions.Ebel and Hart (2001) used felt earthquake reports to infer amplification patterns throughout the greater Boston region and noted spatial correspondence with the dominant period and amplification factors obtained from ambient noise (horizontal-to-vertical ratios) by Kummer (1998). Britton (2003) compiled geotechnical borings in the area and produced a

  1. Rates of Reconstruction Failure in Patients Undergoing Immediate Reconstruction With Tissue Expanders and/or Implants and Postmastectomy Radiation Therapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fowble, Barbara, E-mail: BFowble@radonc.ucsf.edu [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States); Park, Catherine [Department of Radiation Oncology, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States); Wang, Frederick; Peled, Anne [Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States); Alvarado, Michael; Ewing, Cheryl; Esserman, Laura [Carol Franc Buck Breast Care Center, Department of Surgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States); Foster, Robert; Sbitany, Hani [Division of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery, University of California San Francisco, San Francisco, California (United States); Hanlon, Alex [University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (United States)

    2015-07-01

    Objectives: Mastectomy rates for breast cancer have increased, with a parallel increase in immediate reconstruction. For some women, tissue expander and implant (TE/I) reconstruction is the preferred or sole option. This retrospective study examined the rate of TE/I reconstruction failure (ie, removal of the TE or I with the inability to replace it resulting in no final reconstruction or autologous tissue reconstruction) in patients receiving postmastectomy radiation therapy (PMRT). Methods and Materials: Between 2004 and 2012, 99 women had skin-sparing mastectomies (SSM) or total nipple/areolar skin-sparing mastectomies (TSSM) with immediate TE/I reconstruction and PMRT for pathologic stage II to III breast cancer. Ninety-seven percent had chemotherapy (doxorubicin and taxane-based), 22% underwent targeted therapies, and 78% had endocrine therapy. Radiation consisted of 5000 cGy given in 180 to 200 cGy to the reconstructed breast with or without treatment to the supraclavicular nodes. Median follow-up was 3.8 years. Results: Total TE/I failure was 18% (12% without final reconstruction, 6% converted to autologous reconstruction). In univariate analysis, the strongest predictor of reconstruction failure (RF) was absence of total TE/I coverage (acellular dermal matrix and/or serratus muscle) at the time of radiation. RF occurred in 32.5% of patients without total coverage compared to 9% with coverage (P=.0069). For women with total coverage, the location of the mastectomy scar in the inframammary fold region was associated with higher RF (19% vs 0%, P=.0189). In multivariate analysis, weight was a significant factor for RF, with lower weight associated with a higher RF. Weight appeared to be a surrogate for the interaction of total coverage, thin skin flaps, interval to exchange, and location of the mastectomy scar. Conclusions: RFs in patients receiving PMRT were lowered with total TE/I coverage at the time of radiation by avoiding inframammary fold incisions and

  2. Zum Wandel der Rechtsinstitute „Elterliche Sorge“ und „Tėvų valdžia“ des Deutschen und Litauischen Familienrechts. Vokietijos ir Lietuvos šeimos teisių institutų „Elterliche Sorge“ ir „Tėvų valdžia“ kaita

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rasa Darbutaitė

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Das Ziel des vorliegenden Beitrages ist, den historisch bedingten Wandel des Familienrechts am Beispiel des deutschen Rechtsinstituts elterliche Sorge und des litauischen tëvø valdþia vorzustellenund auf die Unregelmäßigkeiten bei der Anwendung der entsprechenden Ausdrücke hinzuweisen sowie entsprechende Lösungen vorzuschlagen.Die Rechtsvergleichung sowie die Feststellung und Lösung diesbezüglicher Übersetzungsproblematik sind im Kontext der zunehmenden Globalisierung immer wichtiger, wobei Veränderungen im Rechtssystem eines Staates entsprechende Impulse für den Wandel derRechtsinhalte eines anderen Staates geben können. Außerdem lassen sich am Wandel der Rechtsinstitute Entwicklungstendenzen des jeweiligen Rechtssystems sehr gut nachvollziehen, deren Kenntnis für die Arbeit des Rechtsübersetzers unentbehrlich ist.Ende des letzten Jahrhunderts sind zahlreiche Forschungsarbeiten von vielen Autoren (Peter Sandrini, Gerard-René de Groot, Susan Sarsevic, Radegundis Stolze u.a. im Bereich der juristischen Terminologie und Übersetzung erschienen. Es gibt jedoch in Litauen kaum rechtsvergleichende Untersuchungen unter Berücksichtigung der Fachausdrücke, die bestimmte Rechtsinhalte im deutschen und im litauischen Rechtssystem benennen. Da die Rechtsübersetzung viele (sprachliche, terminologische, rechtsvergleichende etc. Problembereiche umfasst, deren ausführliche Analyse in einem kurzen Beitrag aus Platzgründen nicht möglich ist, wird im Folgenden auf den Vergleich sprachlicher Formen verzichtet und eher auf den Wandel der Bezeichnungen der erwähnten Rechtsinstitute sowie auf die inhaltlichen Aspekte und die Unterschiede zwischen denAusdrucksformen im deutschen und im litauischen Familienrecht eingegangen. ----- Straipsnyje aptariama Vokietijos ir Lietuvos šeimos teisės sąvokų kaita, remiantis teisės institutų elterliche Sorge ir tėvų valdžia pavyzdžiais. Pristatomi atitinkamų sąvokų vartojimo nenuoseklumai, pabr

  3. The influence of Immanuel Kant’s ethics on Søren Kierkegaard’s ethical stage

    OpenAIRE

    Bachmetjevas, Viktoras

    2015-01-01

    Straipsnyje analizuojamos Søreno Kierkegaard’o filosofinio personažo Teisėjo Vilhelmo etinės pažiūros. Įprastai Teisėjas Vilhelmas yra siejamas su Hegelio filosofine teorija, kurioje siektinas etinis gyvenimas yra suprantamas kaip Sittlichkeit, vyraujančių etinių bei moralinių normų laikymasis. Analizuojant S. Kierkegaard’o veikalo Arba / arba II dalį, straipsnyje kvestionuojamas tokios sąsajos pagrįstumas ir atskleidžiama, kad esama nemažai argumentų, leidžiančių permąstyti Te...

  4. Prognostic importance of systolic and diastolic function after acute myocardial infarction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Jacob E; Egstrup, Kenneth; Køber, Lars

    2003-01-01

    function in a large consecutive population with AMI. METHODS: Echocardiography was performed within 6 days of AMI. LV systolic, diastolic, and global function was assessed by means of wall motion index (WMI), mitral flow pattern, and Tei index. The primary end point was all-cause death. RESULTS: Of 799......BACKGROUND: Although risk stratification after acute myocardial infarction (AMI) often is focused on systolic left ventricular (LV) function, it appears that a more complete study of ventricular function including assessment of LV filling would be useful. Doppler echocardiography allows assessment...... of LV filling, and with the use of the Tei index (sum of isovolumic relaxation and contraction times divided by ejection time), a global estimate of ventricular function may be obtained. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine the prognostic importance of LV systolic, diastolic, and overall LV...

  5. Simulação dinâmica por elementos finitos de ferimentos produzidos por armas de fogo na mandíbula humana : Dynamic simulation by finite element analysis in injuries produced by firearms in the human mandible

    OpenAIRE

    Sarah Teixeira Costa

    2016-01-01

    Resumo: Complicações podem surgir em ferimentos de projéteis no crânio, especialmente na região maxilofacial, quando o projétil ou a arma não são encontrados na cena do crime. A fim de auxiliar nesses casos, este estudo realizou previamente uma revisão sistemática da literatura e estabeleceu um modelo de elementos finitos de uma mandíbula e projéteis totalmente encamisados de calibre .40 Smith & Wesson (S&W), .380, e 9x19 mm Luger. As bases de dados Pubmed, Scopus e Web of Knowledge foram pes...

  6. Un cuarto de siglo con Cartas privadas de emigrantes a Indias. Prácticas y perspectivas de ediciones de cartas transatlánticas en el Imperio español

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stangl, Werner

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The article takes the 25th anniversary of Enrique Otte’s letter edition to revise the praxis of this and later similar efforts. We analyze the archival repositories, establish diffe - rent types of letters, and take on the various editorial practices. In the last part, editorial standards are proposed and we emphasize the need to embrace practices of digital humanities (TEI for future editions.Retomamos el 25.º aniversario de de las Cartas privadas de Enrique Otte para hacer un repaso por las ediciones de similares cartas producidas desde entonces. Se analizan los fondos de los que se han sacado, se establece una tipología de cartas y se revisan las variadas prácticas de edición. También se proponen estándares de edición y se pronuncia por un cambio hacia ediciones digitales (TEI.

  7. Determining the servitude

    OpenAIRE

    Korvin-Piotrovska, Dorota

    2011-01-01

    Atkūrus Lietuvos Respublikos nepriklausomybę, atsiradus privačiai nuosavybės teisei, iširus bendruomeninei žemėvaldai, atsirado ir pradėjo vystytis servituto teisės institutas, kuris yra reikalingas tam, kad būtų galimybė įgyvendinti savininko teises normaliomis sąnaudomis, net prieš kito savininko valią. Šio teisės instituto ekonominė reikšme taip pat yra labai svarbi. Be servituto dažnai nebūtų įmanoma, pavyzdžiui, įrengti vandentiekio ar iškasti melioracijos griovio svetimoje žemėje. Esant...

  8. Mindfulness facets, trait emotional intelligence, emotional distress, and multiple health behaviors: A serial two-mediator model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobs, Ingo; Wollny, Anna; Sim, Chu-Won; Horsch, Antje

    2016-06-01

    In the present study, we tested a serial mindfulness facets-trait emotional intelligence (TEI)-emotional distress-multiple health behaviors mediation model in a sample of N = 427 German-speaking occupational therapists. The mindfulness facets-TEI-emotional distress section of the mediation model revealed partial mediation for the mindfulness facets Act with awareness (Act/Aware) and Accept without judgment (Accept); inconsistent mediation was found for the Describe facet. The serial two-mediator model included three mediational pathways that may link each of the four mindfulness facets with multiple health behaviors. Eight out of 12 indirect effects reached significance and fully mediated the links between Act/Aware and Describe to multiple health behaviors; partial mediation was found for Accept. The mindfulness facet Observe was most relevant for multiple health behaviors, but its relation was not amenable to mediation. Implications of the findings will be discussed. © 2016 Scandinavian Psychological Associations and John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  9. The Arabic Diatessaron Project: Digitalizing, Encoding, Lemmatization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuliano Lancioni

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The Arabic Diatessaron Project (henceforth ADP is an international research project in Digital Humanities that aims to collect, digitalise and encode all known manuscripts of the Arabic Diatessaron (henceforth AD, a text that has been relatively neglected in scholarly research. ADP’s final goal is to provide a number of tools that can enable scholars to effectively query, compare and investigate all known variants of the text that will be encoded as far as possible in compliance with the Text Encoding Initiative (TEI guidelines. The paper addresses a number of issues involved in the process of digitalising manuscripts included in the two existing editions (Ciasca 1888 and Marmardji 1935, adding variants in unedited manuscripts, encoding and lemmatising the text. Issues involved in the design of the ADP include presentation of variants, choice of the standard text, applicability of TEI guidelines, automatic translation between different encodings, cross-edition concordances and principles of lemmatisation.

  10. Right ventricular function in asthmatic children determined with PW-TDI

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang Shaona; Song Lili; Cong Lin; Li Liping; Huang Yanxia

    2007-01-01

    Objective: To assess the right ventricular function of asthmatic children in onset period or remission period by using PW-TDI. Method: 36 children with confirmed asthma were enrolled. In tricuspid annular, the ECHO were recorded with PW-PDI pattern to obtain fight ventricular function (Sm, e-peak, Vmax for a-peak, and e/a), ICT, ET, IRT and Tei-Index. These were carried out in acute attack period and stable period. Result: Right ventficular function parameter (Sm, Vmax for e-peak, Vmax for a-peak, e/a and Tei-Index) in acute attack period were significant different compared to those in stable period (P<0.05). Conclusions: The fight ventricular function was impaired in patients with asthma in acute attack period. PW-TDI is helpful for assessing right ventricular function to asthmatic children. (authors)

  11. Punishability of abortion according to lithuanian and foreign countries laws

    OpenAIRE

    Žukovaitė, Inga

    2009-01-01

    Šiame darbe yra nagrinėjamas abortas, kaip socialinis reiškinys, kuris reiškia žmogaus vaisiaus sunaikinimą iki jo gimimo, ir aborto baudžiamumo kriterijai bei ribos Lietuvoje ir kitose užsienio valstybėse. Žmogaus iki gimimo teisinė apsauga yra viena daugiausiai diskusijų kelianti ir vieno galutinio atsakymo neturinti socialinė sritis, tačiau aišku, kad valstybės požiūris į vaisiaus gyvybę tiesiogiai nulemia teisės poziciją abortų klausimu. Baudžiamoji teisė kaip griežčiausia priemonė apsaug...

  12. Estruturas elásticas e fadiga muscular

    OpenAIRE

    Kronbauer, Gláucia Andreza; Castro, Flávio Antônio de Souza

    2013-01-01

    A fadiga muscular pode ser definida pela incapacidade de manter certa tarefa ao longo do tempo; os mecanismos neuromusculares e metabólicos envolvidos na contração muscular estão diretamente associados a esse fenômeno. Este estudo bibliográfico busca descrever as alterações nos elementos contráteis e elásticos envolvidos na contração muscular e sua relação com o desempenho na locomoção. As estruturas contráteis são aquelas que desenvolvem força ativa com gasto de energia metabólica - mecanism...

  13. Impact of change in sweetened caloric beverage consumption on energy intake among children and adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Y Claire; Ludwig, David S; Sonneville, Kendrin; Gortmaker, Steven L

    2009-04-01

    To estimate the net caloric impact from replacing sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) with alternatives in children and adolescents in naturalistic settings. Secondary analysis based on nationally representative cross-sectional study. Fixed-effect regression analysis of 2 nonconsecutive 24-hour dietary recalls from the 2003-2004 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey data. Children and adolescents 2 to 19 years of age (N = 3098). Within-person beverage consumption between 2 surveyed days. The association between changes in the consumption of SSBs and other beverages and changes in total energy intake (TEI) of the same individual. Each additional serving (8 oz) of SSB corresponded to a net increase of 106 kcal/d (P juice (123 kcal/d; 95% CI, 90 to 157 kcal/d). No net increases in TEI were seen for water (8 kcal/d; P = .27; 95% CI, -6 to 22 kcal/d) or diet drinks (47 kcal/d; P = .20; 95% CI, -23 to 117 kcal/d). Substituting SSBs with water was associated with a significant decrease in TEI, controlling for intake of other beverages, total beverage and nonbeverages, and fast-food and weekend effects. Each 1% of beverage replacement was associated with 6.6-kcal lower TEI, a reduction not negated by compensatory increases in other food or beverages. We estimate that replacing all SSBs with water could result in an average reduction of 235 kcal/d. Replacing SSB intake with water is associated with reductions in total calories for all groups studied.

  14. Impact of water intake on energy intake and weight status: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniels, Melissa C; Popkin, Barry M

    2010-09-01

    The effects of consuming water with meals rather than drinking no beverage or various other beverages remain under-studied. This systematic review of studies reported in the English-language literature was performed to compare the effects of drinking water and various beverage alternatives on energy intake and/or weight status. Relevant clinical trials, epidemiologic studies, and intervention studies were identified and findings across the literature were summarized. From the clinical trials, average differences were calculated in total energy intake at test meals (DeltaTEI) for each of several beverage categories in comparison with water. The available literature for these comparisons is sparse and somewhat inconclusive. However, one of the most consistent sets of findings was related to adults drinking sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) versus water before a single meal. In these comparisons, total energy intakes were 7.8% higher (DeltaTEI range, -7.5 to 18.9) when SSBs were consumed. Studies comparing non-nutritive sweeteners with water were also relatively consistent and found no impact on energy intake among adults (DeltaTEI, -1.3; range, -9 to 13.8). Much less conclusive evidence was found in studies replacing water with milk and juice, with estimated increases in TEI of 14.9% (range, 10.9 to 23.9%). These findings from clinical trials, along with those from epidemiologic and intervention studies, suggest water has a potentially important role to play in reducing energy intake, and consequently in obesity prevention. A need for randomized-controlled trials to confirm this role exists.

  15. Twenty-First-Century Aerial Mining

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-01

    with little opposition (Anzio, Inchon, and Suez ), the follow- up delivery of reinforcements and materiel is essential. In an environ- ment where... 1956 ), chap. 5, http://nzetc.victoria.ac.nz/tm/scholarly/tei-WH2-2RAF-c5.html. 4. Chilstrom, Mines Away!, 25. 5. Ibid., 21. 6. Ibid., 22. 7. Ibid...in Crisis : The Case of the River Danube” (paper presented at the International Association of Maritime Economists 2002 Conference Proceed- ings

  16. Stamtræer og digitale etymologiske ordbøger

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vrieland, Seán D.

    2016-01-01

    Presentation of etymological information in dictionaries varies widely, making it difficult to propose a standard form of encoding this information in the process of digitization. The following proposes an extension of the TEI P5 standard for encoding texts using XML, wherein a new element is able to nest recursively, thereby allowing the XML format to match that of a language family tree. Problems of reconstructed proto-forms, loanwords, and language grouping are further discussed....

  17. Hydrothermal impacts on trace element and isotope ocean biogeochemistry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    German, C R; Casciotti, K A; Dutay, J-C; Heimbürger, L E; Jenkins, W J; Measures, C I; Mills, R A; Obata, H; Schlitzer, R; Tagliabue, A; Turner, D R; Whitby, H

    2016-11-28

    Hydrothermal activity occurs in all ocean basins, releasing high concentrations of key trace elements and isotopes (TEIs) into the oceans. Importantly, the calculated rate of entrainment of the entire ocean volume through turbulently mixing buoyant hydrothermal plumes is so vigorous as to be comparable to that of deep-ocean thermohaline circulation. Consequently, biogeochemical processes active within deep-ocean hydrothermal plumes have long been known to have the potential to impact global-scale biogeochemical cycles. More recently, new results from GEOTRACES have revealed that plumes rich in dissolved Fe, an important micronutrient that is limiting to productivity in some areas, are widespread above mid-ocean ridges and extend out into the deep-ocean interior. While Fe is only one element among the full suite of TEIs of interest to GEOTRACES, these preliminary results are important because they illustrate how inputs from seafloor venting might impact the global biogeochemical budgets of many other TEIs. To determine the global impact of seafloor venting, however, requires two key questions to be addressed: (i) What processes are active close to vent sites that regulate the initial high-temperature hydrothermal fluxes for the full suite of TEIs that are dispersed through non-buoyant hydrothermal plumes? (ii) How do those processes vary, globally, in response to changing geologic settings at the seafloor and/or the geochemistry of the overlying ocean water? In this paper, we review key findings from recent work in this realm, highlight a series of key hypotheses arising from that research and propose a series of new GEOTRACES modelling, section and process studies that could be implemented, nationally and internationally, to address these issues.This article is part of the themed issue 'Biological and climatic impacts of ocean trace element chemistry'. © 2015 The Authors.

  18. Digital Edition of diplomatic sources: experiences, text models, priorities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele Ansani

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Does really mean a progress in scientific methods and quality of charters editions the employ of digital standard such as XML or TEI? In last years confidence has improved - among young scholars above all -, but practice and projects are not adequate till now. In this survey are fixed some points about context and by adjusting the focus on the specificity of this kind of document, to put back in its right perspective the significance and the utility of digital editions.

  19. Assessment of collateralized myocardium with Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR): transmural extent of infarction but not angiographic collateral vessel filling determines regional function and perfusion in collateral-dependent myocardium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muehling, Olaf; Jerosch-Herold, Michael; Cyran, Clemens; Huber, Armin; Schoenberg, Stefan; Reiser, Maximilian; Steinbeck, Gerhard; Nabauer, Michael

    2007-08-09

    Angiographic collateral vessel filling is limited to evaluate collateral-dependent myocardium. We hypothesize, that quantitative assessment of regional myocardial function, perfusion and viability with Cardiac Magnetic Resonance (CMR) adds complementary information to angiography of collateralized myocardium. CMR was performed in 30 patients with one chronic occluded coronary artery and no further flow limiting stenosis to assess transmural extend of infarction (TEI), resting perfusion and perfusion during adenosine-induced hyperemia and regional wall thickening (RWT) in collateral-dependent and antegradely-perfused myocardium. Collateral vessels were evaluated by angiography and the Rentrop grade (0-3). In 15 patients with or = 50% TEI in collateral-dependent myocardium resting perfusion and hyperemia as well as RWT were significantly lower (rest 0.84+/-0.19, p<0.001 and hyperemia 1.34+/-0.43 ml/min/g, p<0.001; RWT 1.0+/-1.0 mm, p<0.0001) compared to antegradely-perfused myocardium. There was an inverse correlation between TEI and resting or hyperemic perfusion or RWT. In contrary, resting perfusion and hyperemia as well as RWT in collateral-dependent myocardium were not different between patients with good (2-3) compared to patients with poor Rentrop grade (0-1). There was no correlation between TEI and Rentrop grade. Function and perfusion in collateral-dependent myocardium are preserved, if transmural extent of infarction is limited (< 50%). This is independent of their angiographic collateral vessel filling. Thus, CMR adds complementary information to angiographic standard assessment of collateral vessels.

  20. 明治・大正期における幼稚園の建築と教育 : 旭東幼稚園(岡山県)を中心に

    OpenAIRE

    永井, 理恵子

    1995-01-01

    This paper explores the change of space composition in kindergarten buildings which supported educational practice in Meiji and Taisho Periods of Okayama Prefecture. This research examines the floor plans of the three buildings mainly, in the relationship with the contents and the methods of education at those times, too. Three kindergartens in Okayama Prefecture are examined where early childhood education was actively developed since Meiji Era. They are Kyokuto (built in 1908), Shin-tei (in...

  1. Influence of sodium chloride on wine yeast fermentation performance

    OpenAIRE

    Logothetis, Stelios; Walker,Graeme

    2010-01-01

    Stilianos Logothetis1, Elias T Nerantzis2, Anna Gioulioti3, Tasos Kanelis2, Tataridis Panagiotis2, Graeme Walker11University of Abertay Dundee, School of Contemporary Sciences, Dundee, Scotland; 2TEI of Athens Department of Oenology and Spirit Technology, Biotechnology and Industrial Fermentations Lab Agiou Spiridonos, Athens, Greece; 3Ampeloiniki SA Industrial Park Thermi, Thessaloniki, GreeceAbstract: This paper concerns research into the influence of salt (sodium chloride) on growth, viabi...

  2. Three-dimensional transesophageal echocardiography incremental value in a case with a rare combination of tricuspid valve prolapse and rheumatic mitral valve stenosis

    OpenAIRE

    Hani M. Mahmoud; Rasheed A. Saad; Mohammed A. Al-Ghamdi

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: The tricuspid valve (TV) is a complex structure (Lamers et al. (1995) [1]). The most common cause of pathologic tricuspid regurgitation is functional, due to annular dilatation with normal leaflet morphology (Sagie et al. (1994) [2]). Myxomatous disease of the tricuspid valve is often associated with mitral valve involvement but isolated tricuspid prolapse has been rarely reported (Tei et al. (1983) [3]). Unlike the common combination between rheumatic mitral valve stenosis and ...

  3. Relevance of chronotype for eating patterns in adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roßbach, Sarah; Diederichs, Tanja; Nöthlings, Ute; Buyken, Anette E; Alexy, Ute

    2018-03-01

    During adolescence, a shift from morningness to eveningness occurs, yet school continues to start early in the morning. Hence, adolescents are at risk for social jetlag, i.e. a discrepancy between biological and social timing. It remains to be determined whether chronotype associates with daily and daytime-specific eating patterns during this potentially critical period. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate whether chronotype is decisive for daily eating patterns [total energy intake (TEI, kcal), total macronutrient intake (% of TEI), eating occasion frequency (n/day), meal frequency (n/day), snack frequency (n/day), duration of nightly fasting], or daytime-specific eating patterns [morning (before 11 am) energy intake (% of TEI), morning macronutrient intake (% of morning energy intake), regular breakfast skipping (no morning energy intake at least on 2 of 3 days, yes/no), evening (after 6 pm) energy intake (% of TEI), evening macronutrient intake (% of evening energy intake), regular dinner skipping (no evening energy intake at least on 2 of 3 days, yes/no)] in German adolescents. Chronotype was assessed by use of the Munich Chronotype Questionnaire and is defined as the midpoint of sleep corrected for sleep-debt accumulated over the workweek (the later the midpoint of sleep, the later the chronotype). A total of 223 participants (10-18 years) provided 346 questionnaires and concurrent 3-day weighed dietary records. Associations between chronotype and eating patterns were analyzed cross-sectionally using multivariable linear and logistic mixed-effects regression models. Adolescents with earlier and later chronotypes did not differ in their daily eating patterns. With respect to daytime-specific eating patterns, 1 h delay in chronotype was associated with 4.0 (95% CI 2.5-6.6) greater odds of regular breakfast skipping (p patterns appear to follow their internal clock rather than socially determined schedules.

  4. Magical Realism and Ecocriticism in Karen Yamashati's Through the Arc of the Rainforest

    OpenAIRE

    Yavaş, Nesrin

    2018-01-01

    In her novel Throughthe Arc of the Rainforest (1990) KarenTei Yamashita deploys magical realist narrative technique to offer aglobally-embracing ecocritical criticism that unfolds global connectivity ofpeoples, places, and their destinies. As such, she uses a deterritorializedenvironmental approach, which favors eco-cosmopolitanism over bioregionalism,drawing our attention to the shortcomings of locally-based ecocritical studiesthat overlook the inextricable political, social, and cultural co...

  5. Snacking Patterns in Children: A Comparison between Australia, China, Mexico, and the US

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dantong Wang

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Snacking is common in children and influenced by many factors. The aim of this study is to provide insight of both common and country-specific characteristics of snacking among 4–13 year old children. We analyzed snacking prevalence, energy and nutrient contributions from snacking across diverse cultures and regions, represented by Australia, China, Mexico, and the US using data from respective national surveys. We found that the highest prevalence of snacking was in Australia and the US (over 95% where snacking provided one-third and one-quarter of total energy intake (TEI, respectively, followed by Mexico (76%, provided 15% TEI and China (65%, provided 10% TEI. Compared to 4–8 year-olds, the consumption of fruits and milk was lower in 9–13 year-old children, with a trend of increasing savory snacks consumption in China, Mexico, and the US. The nutrient density index of added sugars and saturated fat was higher, especially in Australia, Mexico, and the US. Results suggested that snacking could be an occasion to promote fruit and vegetable consumption in all countries, especially for older children. Snacking guidelines should focus on reducing consumption of snacks high in saturated fat and added sugars for Australia, Mexico, and the US, whereas improving dairy consumption is important in China.

  6. Treatment needs for dental caries, restorative care index and index of extractions in adolescents 12 and 15 years old.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medina-Solis, C E; Pontigo-Loyola, A P; Mendoza-Rodríguez, M; Lucas-Rincón, S E; Márquez-Rodríguez, S; Navarrete-Hernandez, J J; Maupomé, G

    2013-09-01

    To determine the Treatment Needs Index (TNI) for dental caries, the restorative Care Index (CI), and to introduce a Tooth Extractions Index (TEI) to estimate past and current treatment needs among Mexican adolescents. A descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out on 1538 adolescents aged 12 and 15 years in the state of Hidalgo, Mexico, to collect decayed, missing, filled teeth (DMFT) data to describe TNI, CI and TEI indices. Higher TNI was identified in younger male teenagers who had always lived in the same community, without dental visits in the last year, and who had poorer socio-economic markers. Higher CI was found in older, female subjects who had moved in their lifetimes to a new community in the area, with dental visits in the last year and who had better socio-economic markers. Higher TEI was found in older, female teenagers who had moved in their lifetimes to a new community in the area, without dental visits in the last year, and who had worse socio-economic markers. We observed high rates of treatment needs for dental caries and little experience of restorative treatment. While dental extractions due to advanced caries should ideally be zero, relatively few adolescents had this treatment experience. Despite the fact that the overall background of these adolescents is rather homogeneous, it was still possible to find that treatment needs' indices (past and present needs) appeared to be modified by sociodemographic and socio-economic variables.

  7. Estruturas elásticas e fadiga muscular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gláucia Andreza Kronbauer

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available A fadiga muscular pode ser definida pela incapacidade de manter certa tarefa ao longo do tempo; os mecanismos neuromusculares e metabólicos envolvidos na contração muscular estão diretamente associados a esse fenômeno. Este estudo bibliográfico busca descrever as alterações nos elementos contráteis e elásticos envolvidos na contração muscular e sua relação com o desempenho na locomoção. As estruturas contráteis são aquelas que desenvolvem força ativa com gasto de energia metabólica - mecanismo de pontes cruzadas; as elásticas são aquelas que oferecem resistência mecânica ao alongamento sem custo energético - força passiva - e conservam energia elástica para uma nova contração. Após a análise de ambas, é possível afirmar que a fadiga muscular está associada à função das estruturas contráteis e elásticas.

  8. Association of energy intake and expenditure with obesity: A cross-sectional study of 150 pediatric patients following treatment for leukemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srivastava, Richa; Batra, Atul; Dhawan, Deepa; Bakhshi, Sameer

    2017-02-01

    Increased obesity in leukemia survivors has been attributed to chemotherapy and radiation. Data on total energy intake (TEI) and total energy expenditure (TEE) are lacking in obese childhood leukemia patients after completion of therapy from India. We conducted a cross-sectional study in pediatric acute leukemia patients after completion of therapy wherein energy intake was assessed by 24-hour recall method. TEE was calculated using Harris-Benedict equation, by assessing the physical activity level using Physical Activity Questionnaire for children and basal metabolic rate by World Health Organization equation. Indian Academy of Pediatrics 2015 guidelines for BMI were used for defining overweight and obesity. Nutritional status was assessed in 150 leukemia patients after completion of therapy. Twenty-five percent of leukemia patients after completion of therapy were overweight and obese versus 11% of healthy controls (p = 0.042). The mean ratio of TEI/required energy intake (REI), TEE/required energy expenditure (REE), and (TEI:REI)/(TEE:REE) were significantly higher in overweight and obese group versus nonobese survivors (p obesity. Obesity in leukemia patients after completion of therapy is associated with increased energy intake, causing imbalance between energy intake and TEE in these patients.

  9. Evaluating a learning management system for blended learning in Greek higher education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kabassi, Katerina; Dragonas, Ioannis; Ntouzevits, Alexandra; Pomonis, Tzanetos; Papastathopoulos, Giorgos; Vozaitis, Yiannis

    2016-01-01

    This paper focuses on the usage of a learning management system in an educational institution for higher education in Greece. More specifically, the paper examines the literature on the use of different learning management systems for blended learning in higher education in Greek Universities and Technological Educational Institutions and reviews the advantages and disadvantages. Moreover, the paper describes the usage of the Open eClass platform in a Technological Educational Institution, TEI of Ionian Islands, and the effort to improve the educational material by organizing it and adding video-lectures. The platform has been evaluated by the students of the TEI of Ionian Islands based on six dimensions: namely student, teacher, course, technology, system design, and environmental dimension. The results of this evaluation revealed that Open eClass has been successfully used for blended learning in the TEI of Ionian Islands. Despite the instructors' initial worries about students' lack of participation in their courses if their educational material was made available online and especially in video lectures; blended learning did not reduce physical presence of the students in the classroom. Instead it was only used as a supplementary tool that helps students to study further, watch missed lectures, etc.

  10. Reduction of dietary saturated fatty acids correlates with increased plasma lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase activity in humans.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bérard, A M; Dabadie, H; Palos-Pinto, A; Dumon, M-F; Darmon, M

    2004-06-01

    Increased HDL-cholesterol (HDL-C) concentrations have been associated with lower coronary heart disease risk. On the other hand, dietary fats are known to influence the fatty acid profile of plasma lipids, including phospholipids that are substrates of lecithin cholesterol acyltransferase (LCAT), an important enzyme in HDL metabolism. The purpose of this study was to examine the association between the saturated fatty acid (SFA) intake and LCAT activity. An interventional study was performed in a monk community of 25 men. A French monk community, South West of France. The basal diet of the study cohort contained SFA in a proportion of 13.5% of their total energy intake (TEI). They were submitted to two experimental isocaloric diets containing either 8.4% of the TEI in SFA (diet A) or 11% (diet B), each lasting 5 weeks. The elevation of SFA in diet B was mainly obtained by decreasing carbohydrates. The only significant difference among total fats between diets A and B was the myristic acid content (0.6 and 1.2% of TEI, respectively). The elevation in SFA in diet B resulted in a significant increase of HDL-C (P<0.04), while plasma apo A-I concentration and LCAT activity both decreased (P<0.02). Altogether, these results are consistent with a negative effect of SFA on reverse cholesterol transport.

  11. My Struggle in Brazil: Editora Globo, 1934-1942

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eliane Hatherly Paz

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo é um recorte da minha pesquisa sobre a história editorial do livro Mein Kampf, de Adolf Hitler, no Brasil. Neste trabalho, investigo a produção, a circulação e a recepção do lançamento de Minha Luta – como seu título foi traduzido para o português – no país, em setembro de 1934, pela Editora Globo de Porto Alegre. Até agosto de 1942, quando a obra foi proibida pelo presidente Getúlio Vargas, foram impressas sete edições. Muito do pouco que se sabe sobre o lançamento nacional de Minha Luta encontra-se registrado em notícias esparsas e, muitas vezes, discordantes, nos periódicos da época e em obras de referência. Trazer à luz os detalhes dessa história preencherá uma lacuna nos estudos do livro.   PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Minha Luta; Adolf Hitler; Editora Globo; história editorial brasileira.     ABSTRACT This article is an excerpt from my research on the publishing history of Mein Kampf, by Adolf Hitler, in Brazil. In this paper, we investigate its production, circulation and reception in the country in September 1934, by Editora Globo, in Porto Alegre/RS. Until August 1942, when the work was banned by President Getulio Vargas, seven editions were printed. Much of the little that is known about the national launch of Mein Kampf is recorded in sparse and often discordant news in periodicals of the time and reference works. Bring to light the details of this story will fill a gap in the book studies.   KEYWORDS: Mein Kampf; Adolf Hitler; Editora Globo; Brazilian publishing history.     RESUMEN Este artículo es un extracto de mi investigación sobre la historia de la publicación del libro Mein Kampf, de Adolf Hitler, en Brasil. En este trabajo, investigamos la sua producción, circulación y recepción en el país en septiembre de 1934, por la Editora Globo, en Porto Alegre/RS. Hasta agosto de 1942, cuando la obra fue prohibida por el presidente Getúlio Vargas, se imprimieron siete ediciones. Gran parte de lo

  12. A catalog of 203 galaxy clusters serendipitously detected in the ROSAT PSPC pointed observations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vikhlinin, A.; McNamara, B.R.; Forman, W.

    1998-01-01

    We present a catalog of 203 clusters of galaxies serendipitously detected in 647 ROSAT PSPC high Galactic latitude pointings covering 158 deg(2). This is one of the largest X-ray-selected cluster samples, comparable in size only to the ROSAT All-Sky Survey sample of nearby clusters (Ebeling et al......), corresponding to very poor groups, to similar to 5 x 10(44) ergs s(-1), corresponding to rich clusters. The cluster redshifts range from z = 0.015 to z > 0.5. The catalog lists X-ray fluxes, core radii, and spectroscopic redshifts for 73 clusters and photometric redshifts for the remainder. Our detection method...... confirmed clusters. The number of false detections and their flux distribution are in perfect agreement with simulations. The log N-log S relation for clusters derived from our catalog shows excellent agreement with counts of bright clusters derived from the Einstein Extended Medium Sensitivity Survey...

  13. New Statistical Multiparticle Approach to the Acceleration of Electrons by the Ion Field in Plasmas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eugene Oks

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The phenomenon of the acceleration of the (perturbing electrons by the ion field (AEIF significantly reduces Stark widths and shifts in plasmas of relatively high densities and/or relatively low temperature. Our previous analytical calculations of the AEIF were based on the dynamical treatment: the starting point was the ion-microfield-caused changes of the trajectories and velocities of individual perturbing electrons. In the current paper, we employ a statistical approach: the starting point is the electron velocity distribution function modified by the ion microfield. The latter had been calculated by Romanovsky and Ebeling in the multiparticle description of the ion microfield. The result shows again the reduction of the electron Stark broadening. Thus two totally different analytical approaches (dynamical and statistical agree with each other and therefore disprove the corresponding recent fully-numerical simulations by Stambulchik et al. that claimed an increase of the electron Stark broadening.

  14. Content Validity for a Child Care Self-assessment Tool: Creating Healthy Eating Environments Scale (CHEERS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lafave, Lynne; Tyminski, Sheila; Riege, Theresa; Hoy, Diane; Dexter, Bria

    2016-06-01

    The purpose of this project was to develop and content validate both a formative and summative self-assessment scale designed to measure the nutrition and physical activity environment in community-based child care programs. The study followed a mixed-method modified Ebel procedure. An expert group with qualifications in nutrition, physical activity, and child care were recruited for content validation. The survey was subjected to expert review through digital communication followed by a face-to-face validation meeting. To establish consensus for content validity beyond the standard error of proportion (P tool included 62 items with 5 subscales: food served, healthy eating program planning, healthy eating environment, physical activity environment, and healthy body image environment. Content validation is an integral step in scale development that is often overlooked or poorly carried out. Initial content validity of this scale has been established and will be of value to researchers and practitioners interested in conducting healthy eating interventions in child care.

  15. Metaphor Analysis and the Construction of Gender

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudolf Schmitt

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Recently there has been an increasing number of studies on the construction of gender based on metaphors (KOLLER, 2004a, 2004b, 2005; ANDERSON VASBY & HORN SHEELER, 2005; EBELING & SCHMITZ, 2006; BOCK VON WÜLFINGEN, 2007. Many of these studies seem to have overlooked one of the most thoroughly developed theories of metaphor, LAKOFF and JOHNSON's so-called cognitive theory of metaphor or limited themselves to LAKOFF and JOHNSON's first book from 1980. In this article I explore current research on metaphor and gender and sketch the central topics of the cognitive theory of metaphor and develop a revision of this theory. It is hoped that this will enhance further research in metaphor analysis concerning the construction of gender. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0902167

  16. Strijken of niet strijken: That’s the Question

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leen Dorsman

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available To Iron or not to Iron: That’s the QuestionGeschiedenis als metgezel [History as a companion] can be read in different ways. An interesting aspect to this book is that it contains a large part of the history of universities and the history of a scientific discipline. We have many official and institutional histories, but those studies reveal only a part of the real life in academia. The merit of the book by Bunna Ebels-Hoving is that it merges official history and personal history. For instance it shows that statistical emancipation of the female scientist does not mean that there is no longer any practical problem. Revealing is the part in the book in which she recounts a discussion with a colleague: should one stop ironing or not. By mixing simple (? household questions with observations about (interdisciplinarity this book shows what – in the words of Max Weber – Wissenschaft als Beruf really means.

  17. Iglesia en Riola, Italia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aalto, Alvar

    1979-08-01

    Full Text Available This church is surrounded by the marvelous landscape — both in summer and winter— of Piola di Vergato, near Bologna, on the River Reno. It was commissioned by Cardinal Lercaro, Archbishop of Bologna and the initial contacts were during 1965. The building is of outstanding beauty and originality, mainly using concrete for the bearing members, copper for the roof. Cerrara marbie for the altar and surrounding areas, local sandstone for outside facings, red Cotto Fiorentino Tuscany clay tile flooring. The church has been built with Italian and Finnish technical assistance from Aarne Hollmen, Claes, Holm, Hamilkar Aalto, Olavi Ebeling, Vezio Nava among others.

    Está asentada en el maravilloso paisaje —tanto en invierno como en verano— de Riola de Vergato, cerca de Bolonia, y sobre el cauce del rio Reno. Fue encargada por el cardenal Lercaro, arzobispo de Bolonia en 1965, año en que comenzaron los contactos. En principio el programa completo se componía de iglesia, centro parroquial, campanario, explanada para grandes concentraciones de fieles, residencia de ancianos y jardín de infancia, si bien estos dos últimos fueron suprimidos posteriormente. Aún ahora quedan por terminar muchos detalles de mobiliario y algunos cuerpos de edificación que se espera puedan ser subvencionados y realizados en breve. El edificio es de una gran belleza y originalidad notables, estando construido, fundamentalmente, a base de hormigón en elementos resistentes; cobre en la cubierta; mármol de Carrara en altar y zonas próximas; piedra arenisca de la localidad, en revestimientos exteriores; solados con plaqueta roja de Cotto Florentino Tuscany. Se ha contado con la ayuda y aportación de instalaciones y técnicos finlandeses e italianos, tales como Aarne Hollmen, Claes Holm, Hamilkar Aalto, Olavi Ebeling y Vezio Nava.

  18. Hyphenation of two simultaneously employed soft photo ionization mass spectrometers with thermal analysis of biomass and biochar

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fendt, Alois; Geissler, Robert; Streibel, Thorsten

    2013-01-01

    Highlights: ► First simultaneous hyphenation of two time-of-flight mass spectrometers with different soft photo ionization techniques (SPI and REMPI) to Thermal Analysis using a newly developed prototype for EGA is presented. ► Resonance enhanced multi-photon ionization (REMPI) enables sensitive and selective analysis of aromatic species. ► Single photon ionization (SPI) using VUV light supplied by an innovative electron-beam pumped excimer light source (EBEL) comprehensively ionizes (nearly) all organic molecules. ► The resulting mass spectra show distinct patterns for the evolved gases of the miscellaneous biomasses and chars thereof. ► The potential for detailed kinetic studies is apparent on account of the complex pyrolysis gas compositions. - Abstract: Evolved gas analysis (EGA) is a powerful and complementary tool for Thermal Analysis. In this context, two time-of-flight mass spectrometers with different soft photo-ionization techniques are simultaneously hyphenated to a thermo balance and applied in form of a newly developed prototype for EGA of pyrolysis gases from biomass and biochar. Resonance enhanced multi-photon ionization (REMPI) is applied for selective analysis of aromatic species. Furthermore, single photon ionization (SPI) using VUV light supplied by an electron-beam pumped excimer light source (EBEL) was used to comprehensively ionize (nearly) all organic molecules. The soft ionization capability of photo-ionization techniques allows direct and on-line analysis of the evolved pyrolysis gases. Characteristic mass spectra with specific patterns could be obtained for the miscellaneous biomass feeds used. Temperature profiles of the biochars reveal a desorption step, followed by pyrolysis as observed for the biomasses. Furthermore, the potential for kinetic studies is apparent for this instrumental setup.

  19. The rating reliability calculator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Solomon David J

    2004-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Rating scales form an important means of gathering evaluation data. Since important decisions are often based on these evaluations, determining the reliability of rating data can be critical. Most commonly used methods of estimating reliability require a complete set of ratings i.e. every subject being rated must be rated by each judge. Over fifty years ago Ebel described an algorithm for estimating the reliability of ratings based on incomplete data. While his article has been widely cited over the years, software based on the algorithm is not readily available. This paper describes an easy-to-use Web-based utility for estimating the reliability of ratings based on incomplete data using Ebel's algorithm. Methods The program is available public use on our server and the source code is freely available under GNU General Public License. The utility is written in PHP, a common open source imbedded scripting language. The rating data can be entered in a convenient format on the user's personal computer that the program will upload to the server for calculating the reliability and other statistics describing the ratings. Results When the program is run it displays the reliability, number of subject rated, harmonic mean number of judges rating each subject, the mean and standard deviation of the averaged ratings per subject. The program also displays the mean, standard deviation and number of ratings for each subject rated. Additionally the program will estimate the reliability of an average of a number of ratings for each subject via the Spearman-Brown prophecy formula. Conclusion This simple web-based program provides a convenient means of estimating the reliability of rating data without the need to conduct special studies in order to provide complete rating data. I would welcome other researchers revising and enhancing the program.

  20. Influencia de las vanguardias artísticas en la propaganda impresa de los regímenes nazi y soviético

    OpenAIRE

    Vega Bothmann, Alejandro de

    2015-01-01

    La primera mitad del Siglo XX vio el nacimiento de nuevas comprensiones del arte distintas a cualquier estilo anterior: el fenómeno conocido comúnmente como “arte de vanguardia”. En esta misma época surgieron también dos de los regímenes totalitarios más importantes de todos los tiempos : la Alemania Nazi de Adolf Hitler y la Unión Soviética de Lenin y más tarde, Joseph Stalin. El objetivo de este estudio es analizar la influencia que las vanguardias tuv...