WorldWideScience

Sample records for administration local government

  1. Comparing transnational organizational innovation in state administration and local government

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Morten Balle

    2014-01-01

    innovation between state administration and local government and how can they be explained? By transnational organizational innovations are understood innovative forms of organization that can be found in the public sector of many countries. The focus of the analysis is in part, on differences and......The article explore three issues: 1) How widespread and important are various forms of transnational organizational innovation in the Danish public sector? 2) How are these organizational innovations related to each other? 3) What are the differences and similarities in transnational organizational...... similarities between different forms of organizational innovation and in part, on differences and similarities between state and municipal organizations. Eleven forms of organizational innovation often related to New Public Management (NPM), are included in the empirical analyses: Privatization...

  2. FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE AND E-GOVERNANCE INDICATORS IN LOCAL PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BLIDISEL RODICA GABRIELA

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to measure the financial performance in local public administration and the main indicators of e-governance. The main objective of the paper is to make a model that demonstrates the impact of the local public administration financial performance on the e-governance. Due to the fact that the main problem of the Romanian local public administration is the lack of performance tools that could improve the e-governance, the research wants use an empirical approach to test the impact of the financial performance on the local public administration on e-governance. The research use a quantitative methodology, based on surveys and author's observations.

  3. Financial performance and e-governance indicators in local public administration

    OpenAIRE

    BLIDISEL RODICA GABRIELA

    2012-01-01

    The paper aims to measure the financial performance in local public administration and the main indicators of e-governance. The main objective of the paper is to make a model that demonstrates the impact of the local public administration financial performance on the e-governance. Due to the fact that the main problem of the Romanian local public administration is the lack of performance tools that could improve the e-governance, the research wants use an empirical approach to test the impact...

  4. ADMINISTRATIVE SUPERVISION OF LOCAL SELF-GOVERNMENT IN THE BALTIC STATES: A COMPARATIVE VIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VIOLETA KIURIENÉ

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses models of administrative supervision of local self-government in the Baltic States (Latvia, Lithuania, Estonia highlighting the advantages and disadvantages of these models. The research done in this article defines the theoretical concept of administrative supervision of local self-government; gives an overview of the legislative framework underpining the key administrative supervision bodies of local self-government in the Baltic States; discusses the issue of legal regulation and the present state of administrative supervision over local self-government units in the Baltic States; gives some theoretical and practical suggestions to develop this field in the Baltic States.The research methods employed in preparation of this article are theoretical methods of analysis of scientific literature and sources, legal acts and documents as well as comparative and logical analysis, induction and generalisation. Three Baltic States similar in their area, number of inhabitants, and governmental peculiarities have been chosen for the analysis.

  5. Practitioner in the Classroom: Bringing Local Government Experience into the Public Administration Curriculum.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milam, Donna M.

    2003-01-01

    A local government administrator used her work experiences to create simulation exercises for public administration students. Advantages that such practitioners bring to the classroom include "inside" information, organizational management skills, budget knowledge, and the ability to provide networking opportunities for students. (JOW)

  6. Legitimacy Crisis and Elite Conspiracy in Local Government Administration in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eddy Akpomera

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Nigeria, the world’s most populous black nation, faces a major crisis in its federal structure and democratic experience. Despite the allusion to democratic governance of the country, the political class, especially elected state governors, and the bureaucratic elite have turned autocratic, refusing to obey the Constitution which demands compulsory elections into the local government administration, siphoning the statutory allocation to the councils from the Federation Account, generating instability in the polity, and arresting the socioeconomic development at the grassroots. This paper puts in perspective the legitimacy crisis and elite conspiracy in the local government council administration, which has spread rural poverty and discontentment among the citizenry, and recommends concrete steps to arrest the calamitous drift.

  7. Central-Local Administrative and Governance Relationships in Two Ukrainian Cities: Kyiv and Odessa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalya KOLISNICHENKO

    2006-02-01

    Full Text Available The institution of local self-government occupies an increasingly important position in Ukrainian society. However, the contemporary system of local self-government in Ukraine is still not consistent with the principles of the European Charter of Local Self-government. In areas such as access to sources of revenue, policy initiation and citizen involvement in local governance, municipal governments in Ukraine frequently fall significantly short of expected European standards. In part, this is due to the lingering influence of the Soviet totalitarian past on the mentality of both the Ukrainian legislators and the representatives of local governments who are working to create democratic principles of true people’s power. Too often, the creation of independent self-governance authority conflicts with the strong desire of some political forces to transform local self-government into an appendage of state (national government power under rigid and comprehensive control. But, in spite of this, democratic principles are finding their way into the re-thinking of the role of local self-government in Ukranian society.

  8. Electronic Administration Styles and Their Determinants. Evidence from Spanish Local Governments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Valeriano FRÍAS-ACEITUNO

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes the factors underlying the development of e-government, as an overall process, as well as of each of the three stages identified in the prior literature (e-government, egovernance and e-democracy. The analysis has focused on 102 Spanish municipalities, and it consists in a content analysis of their web pages, based on an information index, in order to develop a dependency model. The results obtained indicate that Spanish municipalities show high information transparency regarding economic, environmental and social matters, allowing the undertaking of administrative proceedings online and actively promoting the participation of interest groups in strategic, sustainable and managerial issues. Our findings stress the importance of the municipality’s size and the ruling party’s political ideology of a deeper commitment with the development of e-government.

  9. Discrimination Against State and Local Government LGBT Employees: An Analysis of Administrative Complaints

    OpenAIRE

    Mallory, Christy; Sears, Brad

    2014-01-01

    This article documents evidence of recent discrimination against lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) public sector workers by analyzing employment discrimination complaints filed with state and local administrative agencies. We present information about 589 complaints of sexual orientation and gender identity discrimination filed by public sector workers in 123 jurisdictions. We find that discrimination against LGBT people in the public sector is pervasive and occurs nearly as freq...

  10. Good governance in land tenure and administration

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    This guide is written for people who work in land administration and all those with an interest in land, land tenure and their governance. Good governance can help achieve economic development and the reduction of poverty. Land issues cut across society, and a well-governed land administration system can strengthen local institutions, thereby contributing to broadly to governance. This guide explains what governance is, and what constitutes good governance in land tenure and administration. I...

  11. [Administrative databases of the Local Health Unit: possible use for clinical governance of chronic kidney disease].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Degli Esposti, Luca; Sturani, Alessandra; Quintaliani, Giuseppe; Buda, Stefano; Degli Esposti, Ezio

    2014-01-01

    Nowadays a large amount of medical data are available, although they are not always homogeneous, they arise from different backgrounds and are used for different purposes. The aggregation of these data could give huge boost to the epidemiology and, in particular, to nephrology. In many parts of Italy there is the aim to reorganize the hospital health care, as well as the territorial setting. In this framework, the role of nephrology is evaluated without data to support the ongoing decisions, therefore the linkage among the data stored in the administrative and clinical databases of the Local Health Unit could contribute to the planning of nephrological (but not only) activities, in order to ensure the best cost-effectiveness possible for each different reality. PMID:25030017

  12. Theoretical Bases Of Local Government

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikita N. Sokolov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In the article features of main of theories of local government are considered. Concepts of each theory are analyzed. Centuries-old practice of the realization of ideas of local government in various models generated need of scientific and world outlook judgment of the received results. Despite the identity of the purposes, each of doctrines and concepts in own way defines rational forms of interdependence and interaction of the state and society with institutes of local government. Thus in the comparative analysis of each theories it becomes clear that the orientation of the corresponding concept is in one way or another caused by historical, social, political circumstances and need of correction during their formation. In Russia publications on problems of interaction of the authorities in the system of public administration appeared in the middle of the XIX century, during discussion of the concept of liberalization of public administration, i.e. introductions of territorial (self-administrative establishments. Here the special attention is paid to the public and state theory of local government. Both make doctrinal basis of municipal reforms of the XIX-XX centuries. That is remarkable that municipal reform of the XXI century is the cornerstone the dualism doctrine.

  13. Local Governance and Corruption

    OpenAIRE

    Profiroiu, Marius; Andrei, Tudorel; Gheorghe POPESCU; Alina PROFIROIU

    2006-01-01

    This paper attempts to examine, from the Romanian perspective, the degree to which decentralization process and improvement of local governance contributes to the reduction of corruption in the short and medium term. Through the methodology that is used the paper is consistent with the international trend that endeavors to analyze the impact of corruption on economic and social processes at the local level. In addition, recent research on corruption issues has focused upon the measurement of ...

  14. For whom does urban planning exist? : residents and administration in local governance on planning process in Japan

    OpenAIRE

    加納, 知行

    2013-01-01

    Nowadays, the number of conflicts has been increasing with the advancement of urban development projects at the local level of Japan. They are recently observed among neighborhood residents, developers, and administrative authorities. Any municipalities in Japan gotlegally required to draw up their own "city master plans" so that they could present their prospects of urban planning for the future. In spite of that, why do the contents of city master plans come to lose touch with the initial c...

  15. The Ethical Attitudes of Local Government Employees

    OpenAIRE

    Stasiak, Ewelina

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the article is to present the appropriate ethical attitudes of local government employees which affect the efficiency of the administration. Local government employees who are exclusively competent and honest are able to properly execute their goals within strictly defined procedures and tasks. The article focuses on a brief analysis of the concept of ethics, employees of local government, as well as an analysis of ethics in terms of its impact on the quality of ...

  16. Local Governance and Corruption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marius PROFIROIU

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper attempts to examine, from the Romanian perspective, the degree to which decentralization process and improvement of local governance contributes to the reduction of corruption in the short and medium term. Through the methodology that is used the paper is consistent with the international trend that endeavors to analyze the impact of corruption on economic and social processes at the local level. In addition, recent research on corruption issues has focused upon the measurement of the level of corruption level and on its impact on the growing rate of the GDP (Mauro [1995]1, Abed and Davoodi2, Krueger [1974]3, on the impact upon some of the national economical sectors (Tanzi [1998]4, Shang-Jin Wei [2001]5, or on the decentralization processes (Shah [2006]6.

  17. Local Government, local development and citizen participation

    OpenAIRE

    Meldon, Jeanne; Kenny, Michael; Walsh, Jim

    2002-01-01

    Traditionally the local government system had engaged citizens only in limited passive participation. It was no coincidence that the local development structures put in place to counteract the inadequacies in the local government system introduced different and innovative, opportunities for citizen participation. The scope for engagement in the processes of local government and governance has been significantly extended through a number of pilot initiatives as detailed in the preceding sectio...

  18. Evidence for Stopping Mass Drug Administration for Lymphatic Filariasis in Some, But Not All Local Government Areas of Plateau and Nasarawa States, Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    King, Jonathan D.; Eigege, Abel; Umaru, John; Jip, Nimzing; Miri, Emmanuel; Jiya, Jonathan; Alphonsus, Kal M.; Sambo, Yohanna; Graves, Patricia; Richards, Frank

    2012-01-01

    An average of six annual rounds of ivermectin and albendazole were distributed in Plateau and Nasarawa States, Nigeria, to eliminate lymphatic filariasis. From 2007 to 2008, population-based surveys were implemented in all 30 local government areas (LGAs) of the two states to determine the prevalence of Wuchereria bancrofti antigenemia to assess which LGA mass drug administration (MDA) could be halted. In total, 36,681 persons from 7,819 households were examined for filarial antigen as determ...

  19. Tanzanian Local Government Delegation in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>At the invitation of the CPAFFC, a Tanzanian local government delegation led by Mizengo Kayanza Peter Pinda, minister of state in the Prime Minister’s Office in charge of Regional Administration and Local Government, paid a visit to Beijing and Shandong from October 7 to 13, 2007.

  20. Local Self-Government or Local Co-Governance?

    OpenAIRE

    Røiseland, Asbjørn

    2010-01-01

    This article discusses “local self-government”, a core concept in a Charter of the Council of Europe, and it departs from the debate in the Norwegian Parliament about constitutional protection of local self-government. Such a change has recently been voted down, and this serves as an opportunity to question the idea about local self-government in a time when there are claims about a shift from government to governance. The article provides some examples of co-governance in Norway, and argues ...

  1. 28 CFR 33.11 - Units of local government.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Units of local government. 33.11 Section... Criminal Justice Block Grants Eligible Applicants § 33.11 Units of local government. (a) Units of local government are eligible to receive subgrants from a participating state. Unit of local government means...

  2. Local Government Internal Audit Compliance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Greg Jones

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Local government councils (LGC rely on a number of funding sources including state and federal governments as well as their community constituents to enable them to provide a range of public services. Given the constraints on these funding sources councils need to have in place a range of strategies and policies capable of providing good governance and must appropriately discharge their financial accountabilities. To assist LGC with meeting their governance and accountability obligations they often seek guidance from their key stakeholders. For example, in the Australian State of New South Wales (NSW, the Office of Local Government has developed a set of guidelines, the Internal Audit Guidelines. In 2010 the NSW Office of Local Government issued revised guidelines emphasising that an internal audit committee is an essential component of good governance. In addition, the guidelines explained that to improve the governance and accountability of the councils, these committees should be composed of a majority of independent members. To maintain committee independence the guidelines indicated that the Mayor should not be a member of the committee. However these are only guidelines, not legislated requirements and as such compliance with the guidelines, before they were revised, has been demonstrated to be quite low (Jones & Bowrey 2013. This study, based on a review of NSW Local Government Councils’ 2012/2013 reports, including Annual Reportsrelation to internal audit committees, to determine if the guidelines are effective in improving local government council governance.

  3. National Regulations on Local Public Administration

    OpenAIRE

    Apostolache, Mihai

    2014-01-01

    The local public administration, like any other field of activity, knows a certain regulation determined by the specificity of this field and by its importance within the global social system. The norms governing local public administration are included in the fundamental act, as well as other legal acts inferior to the Constitution, that are meant to develop the rules as principles from the Constitution. Given its importance and complexity, local public administration has a vast regulation ...

  4. IT Management in Local Government

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Peter Axel; Persson, John Stouby

    2010-01-01

    problems with local government – not for local government. We define such engaged problem formulation as joint learning and definition of a contemporary and complex problem by researchers and those who experience and know the problem. This engaged problem formulation process was carried out as an...

  5. Developing the Governance Capacity of Local Elected Officials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vogelsang-Coombs, Vera; Miller, Melissa

    1999-01-01

    Discusses a study of the necessity of leadership training for local elected officials (LEOs). Shows why local governments cannot exist without competent LEOs and suggests how public-administration educators can help prepare elected officials for municipal governance. (JOW)

  6. Local forms of governance in Denmark

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Torfing, Jacob

    2010-01-01

    The proliferation of local forms of governance problematizes the well-established and highly normative idea that power and democracy in Denmark are organized in terms of a 'parliamentary chain of government', according to which the sovereign people elect the parliament, which in turn controls the...... government that governs the public administration through bureaucratic control. Consecutive waves of devolution have decentralized the Danish welfare state, and the power of local governments is now being challenged by the emergence of new forms of local governance that involve a plethora of private...... stakeholders, such as business firms, interest organizations, community groups and individual citizens, in the formulation and implementation of public policy. This article argues that participation of private stakeholders in public policy-making cannot be reduced to an inferior supplement to traditional forms...

  7. The presentation of government financial information with budgets of income and expenditure on debt in the state public administration local

    OpenAIRE

    Ma. Enriqueta Mancilla Rendón; Tania Nadiezhda Plascencia Cuevas

    2015-01-01

    Los cambios legales en las normas contables establecen cuestiones sobre la información presupuestal del Estado de la administración pública y los informes financieros. Debido a la importancia y utilidad de la preparación de la información financiera, este trabajo tiene como objetivo reflexionar sobre las cuestiones que se deben abordar para llevar a cabo la aplicación de las normas contables en el campo del gobierno local, a circunscribir los criterios de regulación financiera aplicadas por e...

  8. The presentation of government financial information with budgets of income and expenditure on debt in the state public administration local

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ma. Enriqueta Mancilla Rendón

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Los cambios legales en las normas contables establecen cuestiones sobre la información presupuestal del Estado de la administración pública y los informes financieros. Debido a la importancia y utilidad de la preparación de la información financiera, este trabajo tiene como objetivo reflexionar sobre las cuestiones que se deben abordar para llevar a cabo la aplicación de las normas contables en el campo del gobierno local, a circunscribir los criterios de regulación financiera aplicadas por el régimen o devengo. El estudio comenzó con una revisión de los estados teniendo en cuenta sus problemas de información financiera, para elegir como unidad de análisis no probabilística a la entidad federativa Baja California Sur con la intención de examinar con mayor precisión la información financiera y presupuestal. El estudio se realizó con el método inductivo exploratorio con un alcance descriptivo; también se realizó revisión teórica hermenéutica sobre la información financiera de la administración central y paraestatal de la entidad federativa, para tener una visión general del sector público en el estado, considerando como hipótesis central sobre la información financiera y presupuestal presentada por la entidad federativa ayuda a medir los objetivos, estrategias y prioridades de desarrollo del estado, la eficiencia y eficacia de la administración pública. Como resultado del estudio se comprende que la información financiera y presupuestal del ejercicio fiscal 2012, los financieros analíticos de ingresos, gastos, deudas, entre otros, así como los informes de las finanzas públicas en el contexto de la contabilidad gubernamental de la administración pública estatal local aun perfilan esfuerzos para obtener dicha información, comprendiéndose que los estados financieros de la entidad de estudio están aún por dar a entender, que el compromiso de la autoridad para cumplir con las normas contables es escaso, y

  9. Organizational structural changes in Danish local Government

    OpenAIRE

    Sehested, Karina

    1993-01-01

    Since 1990, profound structural changes in the organization of local government have taken place in Denmark: Changes in the political structure (with the consolidation of political committees), in the administration (with the consolidation of departments and internal decentralization), and at the level of institutions (with decentralization from the administrative unit to the institutions). At the center of the changes are despecialization and decentralization. The longterm goal is to improve...

  10. WWW - Administration and Government Exhibition LEPFest 2000

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    Governments communicate world-wide, even from tiny countries. Official information for immigrants or visitors is widely available. Cities construct digital equivalents of their administration for their citizens. CERN's administration is an example of a totally web-based service.

  11. ELECTRONIC ACCOUNTING INFORMATION IN LOCAL PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

    OpenAIRE

    Rodica Gabriela Blidişel

    2012-01-01

    Major changes in information technologies characterize the current period through which humanity creates the conditions shift from information society to the knowledge. In this context of the changing of the public administration through the implementation of ITC and the reform that lead to the new public management, our paper wants to see the development of E-governance in Romanian local public administration and the influence of the main financial indicators on e-governance elements. Countr...

  12. New Century Local Government: Commonwealth Perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gareth Wall

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This ambitious and highly informative volume is premised on both the seismic shift in the perceived developmental role of local government across the globe, and the challenges that local governments will face as their key role in achieving the post-2015 sustainable development goals is increasingly being recognised within the global policy fora. New Century Local Government brings together an impressively wide geographic spread of country case studies from across the four regions of the Commonwealth, and pulls together work by leading scholars of local government who are all members of the Commonwealth Local Government Research Advisory Group (CLGF-RAG. It provides a plethora of detailed country case studies arranged around three themes: decentralisation in the Caribbean, Pakistan and England, local government finance and local economic development in India, South Africa and Tanzania, and new approaches to governance in Canada, Australia and New Zealand. Not only do the papers provide detailed accounts of the changes in policy and practice within their focus country cases – but many of them, notably the papers by Brown, Reid, McKinlay and Sansom include a comparative perspective with developments from Commonwealth countries in other regions, which is one of the key strengths of the volume. It is also the raison d’être of comparative work across the countries of the Commonwealth, given the shared legal and administrative histories and the dominance of English as the academic and often administrative lingua franca. It would have been great to see more of the cross-regional and cross-country lessons being drawn out from across the contributions in a final concluding chapter, but the editors leave this to the reader – possibly to ensure they read the volume in full.

  13. Developing a Philippine Local Government Bond Market

    OpenAIRE

    Jaime C. Laya

    1995-01-01

    The 1991 Local Government has initiated comprehensive changes in Philippine public administration such as decentralization and greater local autonomy. However, the macroeconomic picture has been characterized by volatile inflation, foreign exchange and interest rate. Against this backdrop, this paper investigates issues that affect the market development for LGU bonds. It also identifies the constraints in the design of LGU bond issue and assesses its marketability.

  14. Performance Management and Local Government Administration in Ghana: The Case of the District Development Facility and the Functional Organisational Assessment Tool

    OpenAIRE

    Bukari Zakaria, Hamza Zakaria

    2014-01-01

    For the past two decades, interest in the performance of local governments has become high in public management. The wave of performance consciousness has thus far diffused from developed countries to developing countries where decreasing public confidence and trust in government has made the implementation of performance management policies a way of improving public perception of government performance. Meanwhile, the implementation of such policies is often based on untested assumptions som...

  15. ELECTRONIC ACCOUNTING INFORMATION IN LOCAL PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodica Gabriela Blidişel

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Major changes in information technologies characterize the current period through which humanity creates the conditions shift from information society to the knowledge. In this context of the changing of the public administration through the implementation of ITC and the reform that lead to the new public management, our paper wants to see the development of E-governance in Romanian local public administration and the influence of the main financial indicators on e-governance elements. Countries adopt e-governance in ways that reinforce traditional bureaucratic structures, cultures and links from administration to citizens and politics, in some cases making these traditional forms more responsive. The paper studies the accounting information disclosed on the internet sites of public sector entities. The research use an empirical approach to test impact of the quality of accounting information on e-financial reporting in public sector. The research use a quantitative methodology, based on surveys and author's observations. The methods chosen in this paper are reliable for this empirical study that tries to identify at a national level the problems that could improve the financial information disclosed by the public sector. The paper aims to measure the financial performance in local public administration and the main indicators of e-governance. The main objective of the paper is to make a model that demonstrates the impact of the local public administration financial performance on the e-governance. Due to the fact that the main problem of the Romanian local public administration is the lack of performance tools that could improve the e-governance, the research wants use an empirical approach to test the impact of the financial performance on the local public administration on e-governance. The research use a quantitative methodology, based on surveys and author's observations.

  16. Local government`s pollution prevention program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Swanson, D. [Boulder Country Pollution Prevention Program, Boulder, CO (United States)

    1996-12-31

    The pollution prevention program operated by the Health Department of Boulder County is called Business Partners for a Clean Environment (Business Partners). It is a cooperative effort among local businesses, the City of Boulder, Boulder County, and the Boulder Chamber of Commerce. This nonregulatory, incentive-based program provides industry with pollution prevention information and technical assistance necessary to reduce and/or eliminate environmental waste. This paper provides an overview of the program development, creation of partnerships and trust, and some of the results from implementation of the program. Following the first 18 months of the program, 35 businesses were recognized as Business Partners. The Business Partners program has also received an achievement award from the National Association of Counties for promoting {open_quotes}responsible, responsive, and effective government{close_quotes} and two governor`s awards from the State of Colorado. Participating businesses have demonstrated that a pollution prevention program can reduce environmental waste, increase employee safety, and decrease costs. 4 refs., 4 figs., 5 tabs.

  17. Human resource management in local governments

    OpenAIRE

    María Isabel Barba Aragón; José Serrano Segura

    2012-01-01

    Literature highlights the key role that organizations' workforce has in companies' performance. It is also emphasized that human resource management is a source of competitive advantage. However, although this topic has been widely studied in the private sector, little research has focused on public administration, particularly for local governments. In order to fill this gap, this research based on a case study of nine city councils sited in the Region of Murcia, analyses if an adequate empl...

  18. Capacity Building in Local Government

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rochyati Wahyuni Triana

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to examine the concept of local government capacity building in both theoretical and operational aspects, regarding especially with local authorities in Indonesia, after the enforcement of regional autonomy. This is a basic research (fundamental research of library research type. Data collection technique involves using data sourced from a variety of secondary sources, as it should be; books, journals, and related legislation. To draw a conclusion regarding with the building of regional capacity after the implementation of regional autonomy, the data are analyzed using descriptive analysis technique; that is, examining secondary data based on Indonesian condition. This research concludes that Capacity Building is a huge job for the an autonomous local government, particularly when dealing with the system which is deemed to prioritize self-serving rather than public serving; yet this capacity building mission deserves to fight for. Stakeholders (other than legislatives need to regularly monitor the improved performance of the government so that the high expectation of the society could be fulfilled through the enforcement of regional autonomy.

  19. Political authorities of local government

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Historically the responsibility for planning, siting, constructing, and operating the generating, transmission, and distribution systems for electric utility service (as well as the end-use systems) developed within the electric utility industry itself, subject to state and local regulation. This responsibility was later sanctioned as a functional authority as both private and publicly-owned utility franchises were negotiated with states and brought under the regulatory purview of Public Service Commissions and Public Utility Commissions around the turn of the century. Since 1970 this historic framework has been substantially altered by the enactment of powerplant siting laws in approximately 23 states and by the assertion of state interests in not only the corporate regulation, but the long range planning of electric powerplants and the consideration of alternative energy systems. Thus it is instructive to consider the authorities for powerplant siting in the following context: (1) historically the reponsibility and the authority for powerplant siting has redounded to franchised utility companies; (2) since 1970 the states have begun to exercise their constitutional authority over the development of power plant siting and energy systems; (3) both local governments and electric utility companies exist as subdivisions of the state, subject to state regulation and the delegation of state authorities. However, the assertion of state authorities in this area has come at a time when changes in the technology an the institutional structure of the electric utility industry have extended the functional service areas beyond the geographic boundaries and political jurisdictions of either local or state government, thereby creating a jurisdictional hiatus between the serivce areas of electric utilities and the jurisdictional authorities of state and local government

  20. FORMAL DECENTRALIZATION OF LOCAL GOVERNANCE IN ALBANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roland Lami

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This article presents an argument on the regional effects of migration on Albanian administrative-territorial reform and its consolidation. Many researchers of local politics support the thesis that an important demographic change is accompanied by a change related to the quality of service at local governance level.  Compare to the Western and Eastern European countries, only in the early 1960s, Albania witnessed the introduction of the first regional and urban strategies.  The strategy was used to limit the expansion of large towns and to encourage the development of small and medium-sized towns. Furthermore, there are a limited number of case studies based on migration data at regional level.  This is why territorial reforms should often reflect ongoing demographic changes to minimize the effects caused by overpopulation, or significant reduction of the number of population in a local unit, with respect to quality of service offered to the citizens.  We discuss the research question of “how will the demographic development, i.e. natural development of population as well as internal migration, affect different types of Albanian regions?” as well as “what is the impact of demographic movements on the quality of local governance?”Based on the interpretation of some regional units, i.e. Tirana, Durres, and Fier, it is confirmed that the demographic movements in the last twenty years in Albania have brought about some changes.  In some local units, the number of inhabitants is significantly reduced, while some other local units are overpopulated. This new reality leads to implications in economic, social and cultural aspects; and most importantly, we noticed an increasing dependency of local government on the central government.  We further claim that local and regional authorities must participate in accordance with the “partnership” principle. Under these conditions, it is necessary to plan a new territorial division.

  1. Nevada local government revenues analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This report analyzes the major sources of revenue for Nevada local government for purposes of estimating the impacts associated with the siting of a nuclear waste repository at Yucca Mountain. Each major revenue source is analyzed separately to identify relationships between the economic or demographic base, the revenue base and the revenues generated. Trends and changes in the rates and/or base are highlighted. A model is developed for each component to allow impact estimation. This report is a companion to the report Nevada State Revenues Analysis

  2. Local government and consultants: a Grey Literature database on local reports in the Senatsbibliothek Berlin

    OpenAIRE

    Lux, Claudia; GreyNet, Grey Literature Network Service

    1996-01-01

    Changing local government's organization and services is a goal of the newly proposed lean administration politics in Germany. Private consultants take part in organizing and downsizing local administration in hundreds of cities and towns. They prepare expertise valuation and reports on all local problems: traffic and parking, housing and environment, youth problems and local welfare, development strategies and privatization. These reports are financed by local government and are published on...

  3. Human resource management in local governments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Isabel Barba Aragón

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Literature highlights the key role that organizations' workforce has in companies' performance. It is also emphasized that human resource management is a source of competitive advantage. However, although this topic has been widely studied in the private sector, little research has focused on public administration, particularly for local governments. In order to fill this gap, this research based on a case study of nine city councils sited in the Region of Murcia, analyses if an adequate employees management is related to better organizational-level outcomes, in individuals and services. Findings suggest that the local governments that develop recruitment and selection, training, performance appraisal and compensation practices taking into account the needs of the specific jobs to cover, employees' potential and their performances, improve their results.

  4. Japan's nuclear PA activity in local governments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This presentation emphasises some points of PA activities, based on the experience of 'cooperation projects for local governments'. Local governments distribute the public information directly to the residents. This is very important because officers of the local government can be the opinion leaders of the region. Local government exist very close to the residents, while the central government is a distant and faceless existence for the local people. It is believed that the local governments play an imperative role in PA activities. In other words, we must further utilize the organizations and functions of the local governments to implement PA activities. In conclusion, three recommendations are offered. Firstly, enough budget and authority should be given to the local governments as far as PA activities in their areas are concerned, and most of such activities should be entrusted to the local governments. Local governments should place more public relations officers, and continue the manpower development. Second, with regard to highly technical or specialized issues which a local governments cannot treat alone, related organizations like JAERO should support their PA activities. Third, such related organizations should also cooperate with local government including assistance in providing know-how, when their public information activities focus on educators, journalists, or the women. These three points should be given due consideration in our cooperation projects for the local governments, and JAERO is doing its best every day

  5. Governing urban finance: changing budgetary strategies in British local government

    OpenAIRE

    P L Pinch

    1995-01-01

    The restructuring of local government finance in Britain is increasingly being viewed as part and parcel of a broader transformation in the capacity for local welfare provision and scope of local governance. The ways in which local authority budgetary processes and strategies have been affected by these changes are examined. It is suggested that, despite strong elements of continuity, significant new developments in local budgeting behaviour are emerging. However, such changes are not univers...

  6. Local Government Compliance with Earmarked Tax Regulation

    OpenAIRE

    Calvin Blackwell; John C. Crotts; Stephen W. Litvin; Alan K. Styles

    2006-01-01

    This article investigates local governments’ spending of accommodations tax revenues in the state of South Carolina. Although these revenues are partially earmarked for tourism promotion, results show that local governments engage in illegal fiscal substitution. This fiscal substitution can be explained by the local government's financial flexibility and the proportion of accommodations taxes relative to its overall budget.

  7. State and Local Government Partnership

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barton, Alexander; Rinebold, Joel; Aresta, Paul

    2012-03-30

    The State and Local Government Partnership project has built relationships between the Department of Energy (DOE), regional states, and municipalities. CCAT implemented this project using a structure that included leadership by the DOE. Outreach was undertaken through collaborative meetings, workshops, and briefings; the development of technical models and local energy plans; support for state stakeholder groups; and implementation of strategies to facilitate the deployment of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies. The final guidance documents provided to stakeholders consisted of individual strategic state “Roadmaps” to serve as development plans. These “Roadmaps” confirm economic impacts, identify deployment targets, and compare policies and incentives for facility development in each of the regional states. The partnerships developed through this project have improved the exchange of knowledge between state and local government stakeholders and is expected to increase the deployment of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies in early market applications, consistent with the DOE’s market transformation efforts. Technically accurate and objective information was, and continues to be, provided to improve public and stakeholder perceptions regarding the use of hydrogen and fuel cell technologies. Based on the “Roadmaps” and studies conducted for this project, there is the potential to generate approximately 10.75 million megawatt hours (MWh) of electricity annually from hydrogen and fuel cell technologies at potential host sites in the Northeast regional states, through the development of 1,364 to 1,818 megawatts (MW) of fuel cell electric generation capacity. Currently, the region has approximately 1,180 companies that are part of the growing hydrogen and fuel cell industry supply chain in the region. These companies are estimated to have over $1 billion in annual revenue and investment, contribute more than $51 million in annual state and local tax revenue

  8. Inter Local Government Capital Budget Execution Comparism

    OpenAIRE

    F. Olurankinse

    2011-01-01

    Problem statement: Unrealistic capital budgeting has long been the bane of social economic development in Nigeria and of course, at the local government level. Local governments are established with specific functions to assist the state and federal government to bring about effective rural development and good governance at the grassroots level. Approach: Both fiscal and physical evaluation of the performances of this tier of government in ondo state reveals a low level of performance both i...

  9. Local Government Uses of Cable Television.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cable Television Information Center, Washington, DC.

    The local government cable access channel is essentially a television station completely controlled by the local government. It differs from a local broadcast television station by being able to reach only those places which are connected to the cable system, having much less programming distribution costs, and having the capacity to deliver…

  10. Local Government Structure and Capacities in Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nemec, J.; Vries, M.S. de

    2015-01-01

    This article argues that the local government capacities and local government performance in Europe clearly rank this continent to the most developed world areas from the point of local democracy. The background factors explaining this situation have a multidimensional character and one can identify

  11. Heritage asset in Italian local governements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Farneti

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Culture has always been an important factor for economic development and local attractiveness in European regions and cities. In Italy, there are over 4,100 museums, 1,400 theatres, 11,400 libraries, 6,000 archaeological sites, 367 archaeological areas, 85,000 National Trust churches, and 40,000 historical residences, whose property, traditionally, is entrusted to public administration, and local entities in particular. For this reason it would be particularly interesting to analyze the Italian case in order to assess the political and institutional changes of the cultural public sector which have made it necessary to introduce governmental criteria and adopt methods and instrumentation marked by a logic of economic rationality in the governance of cultural heritage. The present contribution proposes a definition of the political-institutional context in which the Italian cultural “services” are allocated along with an interpretational scheme of analysis regarding the variables relevant to their governance. It also analyzes in depth the dimension of the cultural sector in Italy, in comparison with other European countries, and the effects of the present financial crisis on the amount of resources devoted to Italian local cultural assets.

  12. Representative Democracy in Australian Local Government

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Colin Hearfield

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available In an assessment of representative democracy in Australian local government, this paper considers long-run changes in forms of political representation, methods of vote counting, franchise arrangements, numbers of local government bodies and elected representatives, as well as the thorny question of constitutional recognition. This discussion is set against the background of ongoing tensions between the drive for economic efficiency and the maintenance of political legitimacy, along with more deep-seated divisions emerging from the legal relationship between local and state governments and the resultant problems inherent in local government autonomy versus state intervention.

  13. IT Business Cases in Local Government

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Peter Axel; Persson, John Stouby

    2012-01-01

    . However, experiences from local government reveal difficulties in developing effective IT business cases beyond simple cost savings. Based on collaborative action research with Danish municipalities we present insights on contemporary IT business case practices. Based on these insights we formulate...... lessons for business case practices in local government that we have incorporated into a business case method; that has subsequently been evaluated by IT managers in local government. These lessons have been synthesized into the four principles: minimal contents, benefits ownership, dynamic utility, and...... social commitment. We argue that these principles improve the content, development, and use of IT business cases in local government....

  14. Metamorphoses of Local Administration in Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela V. Cărăuşan

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available In previous studies we paid attention to the idea of regional organization of Romania, but in order to understand the regions of Romania, we should first understand the administrative history of Romania. For that we intend in our research to see how the past has influenced the present, respectively the acceptance of regions as administrative units. The paper will deal with historical problems met in the implementation of regions in Romania. In the European integration process regions are seen as pillars of European cooperation. For future cooperation with European Union, Romania should know and understand the effects of its historical legacy. National and local governments throughout the region are forced to implement new strategies for meeting the needs of their populations. For these reasons we consider important to present a study of the organizational heritage of local public administration. The reform of local public administration is a complex and dynamic process that should start in the past, be implemented in the present and continue into the future. Through our study on the Romanian administrative units we will emphasize how Romania develops under the historical pressure. For this we intend to uncover the causal mechanism of the past, which influences the present and may shape the future of intermediary level of Romanian public administration. The lack of knowledge on what regions are can induce the idea that this type of administrative unit is not desired. The post-communist transition of Romania was and still is characterized by the preponderant power distribution from centre to local level. In our investigation we will use a research strategy based the documentary and content analyses. For a better view, we will have an insight look on the legal norms of Romania.

  15. Inter Local Government Capital Budget Execution Comparism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Olurankinse

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Unrealistic capital budgeting has long been the bane of social economic development in Nigeria and of course, at the local government level. Local governments are established with specific functions to assist the state and federal government to bring about effective rural development and good governance at the grassroots level. Approach: Both fiscal and physical evaluation of the performances of this tier of government in ondo state reveals a low level of performance both in terms of physical development and provision of social welfare services require to enhance the quality of life at the grassroots level. Those responsible for the management of funds at this level ascribed their poor performances to underfunding. This study therefore aims at finding out if truly this claim of underfunding is actually the cause of their poor performance. The study will look at the total capital budget allocation to some selected local governments visa is their actual spending. A sample of nine local governments was selected using random sampling technique based on their settlement pattern. Results: A comparative analysis was done to determine which local government has the largest rate of capital budget execution. The result shows that the local government with the least capital allocation has the largest rate of capital budget execution. Conclusion: The study concludes that the performance of any local government is not a function of availability of huge capital funds but ability to utilize the scarce resources to achieve optimum result.

  16. Smart City Governance: A Local Emergent Perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meijer, Albert

    2016-01-01

    This chapter presents a local emergent perspective on smart city governance. Smart city governance is about using new technologies to develop innovative governance arrangements. Cities all around the world are struggling to find smart solutions to wicked problems and they hope to learn from successf

  17. Local government and utility firms’ debts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marko Primorac

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The global financial crisis has affected the Croatian local public sector. In such circumstances, local government units’ debts and borrowing should be approached with caution. The highly interwoven financial operations of local government units and their utilities indicate the need for analysis of consolidated financial statements of local governments and utility companies in order to gain an insight into the real financial “health” of local units. Accordingly, the main aim of this paper is to analyze the size and the structure of the consolidated (local government and utility companies local public debt in Croatia. Accordingly, the paper presents the financial position of local government units supplemented with information on the financial operations of utility companies, with particular emphasis on the size and structure of their liabilities and gross and net debt. Although the current Budget Law does not require formal preparation of consolidated financial statements by local governments and their utility firms, consolidation is stipulated by International Public Sector Accounting Standards (IPSAS. The application of IPSAS regulations would be helpful in determining overall direct and indirect exposure of local government units arising from the financial operations of their utilities.

  18. Strengthening local government budgeting and accountability

    OpenAIRE

    Schaeffer, Michael; Yilmaz, Serdar

    2008-01-01

    In many developing and middle-income countries, decentralization reforms are promoting changes in governance structures that are reshaping the relationship between local governments and citizens. The success of these decentralization reforms depends on the existence of sound public financial systems both at the central and local levels. This paper focuses on the role of budgeting as a cri...

  19. Agencies and transparency in Norwegian local government

    OpenAIRE

    Torsteinsen, Harald; Bjørnå, Hilde

    2012-01-01

    The NPM portfolio offers several solutions to improve organisational performance and . One of the most crucial of them is to split up integrated organisations into more autonomous operational units. The idea of arm’s length government is gaining ground in Norwegian local government and has materialised itself through the proliferation of agencies, especially in the shape of different forms of local government bodies and enterprises. Agencies are regarded as useful organisational designs for p...

  20. IT benefits management in local government

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kenneth Møller Porto; Nielsen, Peter Axel; Persson, John Stouby

    2012-01-01

    Information technology (IT) is increasingly presented as a driving force for service and efficiency improvement in local governments. However, achieving these goals in creating value from IT investments is a significant challenge for local government organizations. Practitioners and researchers...... have proposed numerous approaches to IT benefits management, but our knowledge of current practices and capabilities in local government IT management is still limited. Thus, in this paper we resent an investigation of what characterizes IT benefits management in local government in order to understand...... and improve current practices. Through a comparative case study of two Danish municipalities, we have analyzed the different characteristics of benefits management. Based on this analysis we propose an initial framework for understanding IT benefits management in local government....

  1. Federal Grants to State and Local Governments

    OpenAIRE

    Congressional Budget Office

    2013-01-01

    In fiscal year 2011, the federal government provided $607 billion in grants to state and local governments, accounting for 17 percent of federal outlays and a quarter of spending by states and localities. Nearly half of that amount was for Medicaid. Federal choices about how to implement grant programs have different implications for federal spending and the amount of flexibility that states and localities have over the use of grant funds.

  2. The Transitions of Local Administration Culture in Russia

    OpenAIRE

    Heusala, Anna-Liisa

    2005-01-01

    The study examines changes in Russian local administration in historical perspective. While providing an overall conception of local administrative culture, the workÂŽs main focus has been the executive branch in local government. The research asks how structural reforms and the old culture of institutions meet in transitions. The results of the study help to understand why altering structures and law is necessary, but not a sufficient condition in shifting the behaviour of a specific adminis...

  3. Local Government in the Czech Republic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Vajdová, Zdenka; Lacina, K.

    Budapest: Local Government and Public Servise Reform Initiative, 2000 - (Horváth, T.), s. 255-296 ISBN 963 00 3210 4 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z7028912 Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography

  4. Transforming local government by project portfolio management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Lars Kristian; Kræmmergaard, Pernille

    2013-01-01

    Purpose – As public organizations strive for higher e-government maturity, Project Portfolio Management (IT PPM) has become a high priority issue. Assuming control is central in IT PPM, we investigate how a Danish local government conducts control in IT PPM; we identify control problems and formu...

  5. Representative Democracy in Australian Local Government

    OpenAIRE

    Colin Hearfield; Brian Dollery

    2009-01-01

    In an assessment of representative democracy in Australian local government, this paper considers long-run changes in forms of political representation, methods of vote counting, franchise arrangements, numbers of local government bodies and elected representatives, as well as the thorny question of constitutional recognition. This discussion is set against the background of ongoing tensions between the drive for economic efficiency and the maintenance of political legitimacy, along with more...

  6. Aspects of Land Administration in the Context of Good Governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G Pienaar

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Recent international developments have emphasised the importance of good governance in land administration. Good governance practices are inter alia predictable, open and enlightened policy-making; accountable and transparent processes; a professional ethos that combats corruption, bias, nepotism and personal gain; and strict financial control and management of funding. This paper explores aspects of land administration where public funding and interests necessitate the application of good governance practices. The South African land reform programme is divided in three sub-programmes, namely land restitution, land redistribution and tenure reform. Land reform is a vast subject, based on policy, legislation and case law. Therefore it is impossible to deal with good governance principles over the wide spectrum of land reform. Special attention is however given to the land restitution programme in terms of the Restitution of Land Rights Act 22 of 1994 and tenure reform in the rural areas by means of the Communal Land Rights Act 11 of 2004. The purpose is not to formulate a blueprint for good governance or to indicate which good governance principles will solve all or most of the land tenure problems. It is rather an effort to indicate that policies and procedures to improve good governance in some aspects of land reform are urgently needed and should be explored further. The three land tenure programmes have been introduced with some degree of success. Legislation promulgated in terms of these programmes, especially the Restitution of Land Rights Act and the Communal Land Rights Act, is extensive and far-reaching. However, many legislative measures are either impractical due to financial constraints and lack of capacity of the Department of Land Affairs, or are not based on sufficient participation by local communities. Land administration should furthermore be planned and executed in the context of global good governance practices. This includes

  7. Health contribution to local government planning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    When local government considers future land-use plans, the local health authorities are not always included as a key partner. In Cambridgeshire, England, the former Cambridgeshire Health Authority formed a partnership with local government to address this issue. The relationship that developed and the subsequent health impact review provided an opportunity to influence strategic policy and ensure that health objectives are taken into account. Through partnership working, lessons were learned about how to incorporate health issues into a strategic land-use planning document to the overall benefit of the community

  8. Governing Urban Development For Local Energy Autonomy

    OpenAIRE

    Radzi, Anis

    2014-01-01

    Energy independence based on renewable resources has become an important goal for communities around the world. A number of local governments have either achieved such self-sufficiency based on energy autonomy strategies or are pursuing the goal as a determined planning target. This sets an important precedent for others to also consider transforming their conventional energy systems to one based on local renewable energy. While energy models can determine a local area's technical capacity fo...

  9. Imposition on Real Estate Property under the Conditions of Administrative-Territorial Decentrelization and of the Increase of Financial Self-Government of Local Communities

    OpenAIRE

    GHEORGHE MATEI; OLIVIA BURCEA (MANOLE)

    2011-01-01

    In all the countries with a consolidated and developed democracy from the economic point of view, a major part of public affairs are assigned in the administrativefinancial and regulatory responsibility of local authorities. Similar to other states, in Romania this process of decentralization, due to its inter-sector characteristic, is also of a distinctive complexity, imposing clear and efficient regulations, together with the implementation of a performant management at the level of all th...

  10. The Role of Local Government in Evictions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J van Wyk

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Local government occupies a unique place in the South African system of government. This is circumscribed by the Constitution which contains directives. Enjoining municipalities inter alia to provide democratic and accountable government for local communities and to promote social and economic development (section 152 as well as to undertake developmentally-oriented planning (section 153. In addition local government has a specific role to play regarding access to adequate housing and, in that context, evictions. In terms of sections 25 and 26 of the Constitution as well as legislation enacted in terms of these provisions new and different procedures have been put in place to demarcate the role of municipalities in evictions. The interpretation, by the courts, of these legislative provisions, has created a framework within which municipalities must react to and deal with evictions. In terms of that framework a number of duties and responsibilities are placed on municipalities, which include that they do the following: have policies, actions and programmes in place, draw up proper housing plans, be notified of evictions, mediate and engage with all stakeholders and provide temporary - and suitable alternative - accommodation of a specific standard, all of which must be consistent with principles of human dignity and be reasonable. Against this background this paper will interrogate the role of local government in evictions, concentrating on the constitutional directives for municipalities, the different eviction procedures and the duties and responsibilities of municipalities.

  11. The Role of Local Government in Sustainable Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Klodiana Gorica

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Depending where one looks you will find various definitions aimed at describing ‘sustainability’. In lasts years the notion of sustainable tourism must be regarded as one of the great success stories of tourism research and knowledge transfer. It has become the first topic discourse in academic research, business fields and governance. The government takes responsibility for the social and economic development of the country. The government through the lows, programs, plans, and strategies oriented people to choose the tools in economy’s branches and to walk in sustainable development without afraid for the future. One of the economic branches, that is qualified as friend of sustainable development is tourism. But tourism cannot develop in chaos by self without a strategy or a plan confirmed by specialist, who works in different sectors of public administrate in government. While, big or central government is occupied with macro-problem and macro-policies, local government is nearest community and it know better than anyone, their human and natural resources. The purpose of this article is to analyze the role of local governance systems for sustainable tourism. So, local government can be the first promoting and encouraging tourism development, and helping the community for sustainable tourism.

  12. Local Governments Tax Autonomy, Lobbying, and Welfare

    OpenAIRE

    Sandro Brusco; Luca Colombo; Umberto Galmarini

    2010-01-01

    What degree of tax autonomy should be granted to a regional government on a local tax base? Although the regional policy maker aims at maximizing social welfare, her tax policy may be distorted by the lobbying activity of local taxpayers. In this political environment we characterize the conditions under which social welfare can be increased by restricting the set of tax instruments available to the local policy maker, i.e. the degree of local tax autonomy. We show that full tax autonomy is l...

  13. Institutional Impacts of the Local Government Reform Program on Good Local Governance in Tanzania

    OpenAIRE

    Boniface E.S. Mgonja; Charles Tundui

    2012-01-01

    Ever since the early 1990s, Tanzania’s government has embarked upon ambitious and far-reaching reform programs to improve the socioeconomic condition of the country. Among them was the development of anti-corruption strategies and the local government reform program. Overall, these reform programs were expected to improve good governance through reformed and autonomous local institutions. As such, this paper provides a detailed analysis of two reform initiatives, namely, anti-corruption strat...

  14. BOSTON CONSULTING GROUP (BCG) MATRIX ANALYSIS DURING THE STRATEGIC PLANNING OF GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATION INFORMATION SYSTEMS (GAIS)

    OpenAIRE

    Maček, Vlatko; Brumec, Josip; Dušak, Vesna

    2000-01-01

    This paper deals with the BCG matrix analysis applied during the Strategic Planning of a selected group of Government Administration Information Systems (GAIS) i. e. Customs Administration Information System (CAIS), Tax Administration Information System (TAIS), Treasury Information System (TRIS) and Local Government Information System (LGIS). This selection is taken to be a representative corpus of the GAIS. The characteristics of the GA members will also be mentioned. These include its impor...

  15. Analysis on Open Government Information Under the Perspective of Administrative Power and Administrative System

    OpenAIRE

    Qingyong TAN

    2016-01-01

    This paper starts from administrative power and administrative system and believes that the tradition of administrative power, administrative power distribution and operation system, administrative power self-isolation and alienation tendencies, administrative structure and traditional bureaucratic system have a significant impact on the construction of open government information system. At the same time, it analyzes the beneficial factors to the open government information and believes that...

  16. SOCIAL ANALYSES OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT POTENTIAL OF LOCAL COMMUNITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Александр Анатольевич Ткачев

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The article looks over the system of territorial public self-government as one of the most effective figures of existing local communities in the Russian municipalities. Problems of territorial self-government are analyzed from theoretical point of view and on this basis there are four groups of problems distinguished. The authors primarily focus their attention on the social group problems. Verification conducted sociological problems of the social unit, which currently prevent the formation of an effective system of territorial self-government at the municipal level. A sociologic analysis selector management social issue allows us to make conclusion about the current lack of efficient data support system for local public selector. Diagnostics confirmed existence of barriers of a social field of the organization of territorial public self-government.DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.12731/2218-7405-2013-9-66

  17. SOCIAL ANALYSES OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT POTENTIAL OF LOCAL COMMUNITIES

    OpenAIRE

    Александр Анатольевич Ткачев; Кирилл Александрович Хрипков

    2014-01-01

    The article looks over the system of territorial public self-government as one of the most effective figures of existing local communities in the Russian municipalities. Problems of territorial self-government are analyzed from theoretical point of view and on this basis there are four groups of problems distinguished. The authors primarily focus their attention on the social group problems. Verification conducted sociological problems of the social unit, which currently prevent the formation...

  18. Institutional Impacts of the Local Government Reform Program on Good Local Governance in Tanzania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boniface E.S. Mgonja

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Ever since the early 1990s, Tanzania’s government has embarked upon ambitious and far-reaching reform programs to improve the socioeconomic condition of the country. Among them was the development of anti-corruption strategies and the local government reform program. Overall, these reform programs were expected to improve good governance through reformed and autonomous local institutions. As such, this paper provides a detailed analysis of two reform initiatives, namely, anti-corruption strategies and LGRP based on their main policy goals as well as impacts on the overall institutional performance of local institutions in Tanzania. Drawing upon review of some empirical studies, the paper discusses what is seen as major structural concerns in the workings of these reforms in their entirety. This paper builds on the proposition that, unless someone addresses “institutional shortfalls” within the greater system of governance, any policy or reform initiative aimed at improving good governance will ultimately fail to deliver.

  19. Governing New Guinea. An oral history of Papuan administrators

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Visser, L.E.

    2012-01-01

    This is the first time that indigenous Papuan administrators share with an international public their experiences governing their country. These administrators were the brokers of development. After graduating from the School for Indigenous Administrators (OSIBA) they served in the Dutch administrat

  20. The central government and local governments trapped in the market: A comparative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Özel

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Neoliberal policies after 1980 aimed at reforming public administration, especially owing to financial budget deficit, in terms of both central and local administrations. In this study, local administration reforms in Turkey, Germany and France have been studied comperatively taking method of change together into consideration. The comparison focuses on similarities and distinctness of the above-mentioned countries from two aspects, namely, the first one is functional change between central and local governments (with the help of vertical point of view and the second one is regulation of the relations between local governments and market or third sector (with the help of horizontal point of view. The second reconsideration surely positions evoluation from “local government” to “local governence” which is in the process of reform into the center of the discussion. The purpose of the study is to reveal comperatively the institutional and functional changes emerging during process of decentralisation and gaining a place in the market in the countries where neoliberal policies are implemented.

  1. Growth Model of Local Government Websites

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HO Sho; IIJIMA Junichi

    2004-01-01

    To clarify the concept framework to assess web based information systems (WIS)evolution from an information perspective instead of the usual systems perspective, and to seek for in-depth understanding of maturing patterns of WISs based on the framework, several central concepts related to the information aspect of WIS are firstly discussed, then a growth model of local government websites based on a survey study is proposed.

  2. Island development: Local governance under globalization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huei-Min Tsai

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Issues surrounding island development have generated a growing volume of research. What does it mean to develop? How can island communities maintain control over development processes to the benefit of the local economy, rather than seeing economic flows enter and exit the island with little or a primarily negative impact? And how important is local knowledge for edifying local governance and enhancing potentials for innovation in island development? Island histories have repeatedly been forwarded as exemplars and ‘lessons’ for global learning on (unsustainability. To consider these issues, we have selected a number of papers from among the presentations given at the International Geographical Union’s Commission on Islands Conference, Island Development: Local Economy, Culture, Innovation and Sustainability, which took place in the Penghu Archipelago, Taiwan, 1–5 October 2013. These papers serve as examples of how the processes of globalization have penetrated the borders and changed the political and economic structures of islands. They also explore how island-based innovations in science, technology, culture, and formal or informal governance might contribute to sustainable island development.

  3. Sustainable Local Development and Environmental Governance: A Strategic Planning Experience

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Ioppolo

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The emphasis on learning and adaptation among different actors at various political administrative levels and on various geographic scales has become a precondition for the emergence of sustainable development. It is possible to find the essential form of collaborative management by using a Strategic Plan, designed to determine a local model of sustainable competitiveness in economic, social and environmental terms. The adoption of a Strategic Plan stimulates a process of shared knowledge, through which it is possible to generate a new environmental governance (EG that is truly representative of a local system. This paper presents, as a case study representative of the Italian context, the Strategic Plan of the Nebrodi area (SP, and assesses the structure of a new form of public and private environmental governance focused on sustainable concern. Finally, the SP could be considered a guideline for managing the local territorial and environmental system from a long-term perspective.

  4. INTEGRATED DOCUMENT MANAGEMENT SOLUTION FOR THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nistor Razvan

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we present system analysis and design elements for the integrated document management solution at local governing authorities in the rural areas. While specifically dealing with the actual management of the Agricultural Register, an important primary unitary evidence document, we also keep a general character of the discussion, in order to argue for the generality of the proposed solution. Hence, for the identified and described problem space we propose an administrative and software infrastructure solution. This work is an empirical research in which our aim is primarily to identify key problems within the local governing authorities from several perspectives concerning the management of the Agricultural Register then to address those problems with an integrated document management system. For the proposed solution we give and argue the general system architecture and describe the key-mechanisms that support quality requirements. The relevance of this research concern is given by the impact of the actual Agricultural Register management on important stakeholders. This can be measured as the satisfaction felt by taxpayers and the performance of the local governing authorities, the Financial Administration, the Agency of Payments and Intervention in Agriculture and the Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Development. This work is also intended as a start-point for a new, modern thinking of the governing authorities in their pursue to improve public services. For this, in our work we highlight the importance of complete system analysis at all administrative levels as a main priority concern for all public managers. Our aim is the improvement of the public service by rising the awareness of the decision makers on the necessity of using integrated document management solutions for the provided services. Also, our work aims at increasing the efficiency with which nowadays, governing authorities invest public funds in various IT projects

  5. Decentralization Policy and Effectiveness of Local Government Organization in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Abdullah, Muh Tang

    2014-01-01

    In the era of decentralization policy implementation, the local bureaucracy (Indonesian: Organisasi Perangkat Daerah) has strategic position in the local government system. It is so as the instruments and the fundamental base of the local government in implementing its affairs and as the media to realize the vision, mission, and the objectives of local government. The successful of local government is determined by the effectiveness of the local bureaucracy. This study aims to examine the eff...

  6. TY AND EFFICIENCY IN LOCAL PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doru Cîrnu

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The need for efficiency and quality in the managerial document is more acutely felt at all levels of governance from Romanian administration. In a modern democratic society, as the society we live in claims to be, it is necessary for the administration service to be closer to the citizen-customer requirements. Essential in this regard is that the public administration, in order to be effective, needs to fit a nation as well as to each individual, as the decisions taken at this level make people as much harm as good.

  7. Aspects of Land Administration in the Context of Good Governance

    OpenAIRE

    G. Pienaar

    2009-01-01

    Recent international developments have emphasised the importance of good governance in land administration. Good governance practices are inter alia predictable, open and enlightened policy-making; accountable and transparent processes; a professional ethos that combats corruption, bias, nepotism and personal gain; and strict financial control and management of funding. This paper explores aspects of land administration where public funding and interests necessitate the application of good go...

  8. Japan's Local Governance at the Crossroads: The Third Wave of Reform

    OpenAIRE

    Purnendra Jain

    2000-01-01

    Local governance today is a contested issue worldwide. In the 1990s local or sub-national governance gained greater salience under the forces of globalisation, technological advancement, deregulation and administrative reform - all of which present enormous challenges to local communities and the ways in which they can be governed effectively. Calls for reform of Japan’s political system have featured prominently throughout the 1990s, as rhetoric and, to a limited extent, as policy. In Japan’...

  9. Local Government Bonds and Fiscal Discipline (in Japanese)

    OpenAIRE

    Takero Doi; Tomoko Hayashi; Nobuyuki Suzuki

    2006-01-01

    This paper compares the fiscal disciplines of local governments in various countries, and discusses the characteristics of local government bond systems in the United States, France, Canada, and Sweden studied through local survey. Some points are clarified from the international comparison. In many countries except Japan, local governments face discipline through market mechanism in the market of local government bond. Various actors such as investors and banks in the market support the fisc...

  10. Local government under the defenders of the constitution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svirčević Miroslav

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper explains the development of local government under the rule of the constitution defenders 1842-1858. The author describes the historical facts that led to the abdication of Prince Miloš and the establishment of an oligarchic government of chieftains assembled in a council (Toma Vučić Perišić, Avram Petronijević, Hadji Milutin Garašanin and his son Ilija Stojan and Aleksa Simić, as well as the process of building a modern state administration and cultural identity, an integral part of which was a narrower process of constituting local government. A distinct role in the latter process was played by the Austrian-born Serbs, the only intelligentsia in the Principality of Serbia which was still under Turkish suzerainty. Special attention is given to the analysis of two local government acts instituting centralized local authorities with an enhanced law enforcement role in the districts, counties and communes. Those are District Prefectural System and of County Prefect Office Act of 12 May 1839 and Communal System Act of 13 July the same year. Of great importance was the former law, one of the longest-lived in the history of nineteenth-century Serbian constitutionalism. It was in force in 1839-88 and 1894-1903. Every autocratic regime in Serbia was to rely on it. Its distinctive feature is that it subordinated district and county prefects to the central authority and to the minister of internal affairs. They were reduced to mere police agents deprived of any freedom of action. Thus the local officials assumed the character of rigid administrators looking down on the common people. A natural continuation of this law was the other law of communal organization which turned the lowest local units into mere executive agencies of counties. Thus local government took on the form of a mere transmission of the central government, functioning according to a principle similar to the medieval lord-vassal system: my vassal's vassal is not my

  11. Scale economies in local public administration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bikker, J.A.; van der Linde, D.E.

    2016-01-01

    A renewed interest in decentralisation has profoundly affected local public governance around the world. Faced with an increasing number of tasks, Dutch municipalities have recently sought physical centralisation, merging into larger jurisdictions in order to target new policy areas more effectively

  12. 40 CFR 280.107 - Local government fund.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... hereby certify that the wording of this letter is identical to the wording specified in 40 CFR 280.107(d... 40 Protection of Environment 26 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Local government fund. 280.107 Section... (UST) Financial Responsibility § 280.107 Local government fund. A local government owner or...

  13. Native Americans and state and local governments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rusco, E.R. [Cultural Resources Consultants, Ltd. Reno, Nevada (United States)

    1991-10-01

    Native Americans` concerns arising from the possibility of establishment of a nuclear repository for high level wastes at Yucca Mountain fall principally into two main categories. First, the strongest objection to the repository comes from traditional Western Shoshones. Their objections are based on a claim that the Western Shoshones still own Yucca Mountain and also on the assertion that putting high level nuclear wastes into the ground is a violation of their religious views regarding nature. Second, there are several reservations around the Yucca Mountain site that might be affected in various ways by building of the repository. There is a question about how many such reservations there are, which can only be decided when more information is available. This report discusses two questions: the bearing of the continued vigorous assertion by traditionalist Western Shoshones of their land claim; and the extent to which Nevada state and local governments are able to understand and represent Indian viewpoints about Yucca Mountain.

  14. Native Americans and state and local governments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Native Americans' concerns arising from the possibility of establishment of a nuclear repository for high level wastes at Yucca Mountain fall principally into two main categories. First, the strongest objection to the repository comes from traditional Western Shoshones. Their objections are based on a claim that the Western Shoshones still own Yucca Mountain and also on the assertion that putting high level nuclear wastes into the ground is a violation of their religious views regarding nature. Second, there are several reservations around the Yucca Mountain site that might be affected in various ways by building of the repository. There is a question about how many such reservations there are, which can only be decided when more information is available. This report discusses two questions: the bearing of the continued vigorous assertion by traditionalist Western Shoshones of their land claim; and the extent to which Nevada state and local governments are able to understand and represent Indian viewpoints about Yucca Mountain

  15. Local Government and Community Development in Nigeria: Developments since the 1976 Local Government Reform

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olowu, Dele; Ayo, S. Bamidele

    1985-01-01

    Examines the case for the integration of community development and local government in Nigeria and attempts to appreciate the nature of the reforms envisaged under the 1976 Reform. Secondly, the authors examine the post-reform developments; finally, they make an assessment of the present situation. (CT)

  16. The effects of the nuclear disaster at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station on local governments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    All Japan council of local governments with atomic power stations consisted of 24 reactor site and 6 neighboring local governments to solve reactor site related problems. Nuclear disaster at Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Station affected member local governments to be forced in severe conditions such as 'removal of administrative function' or 'refuge over a wide district beyond local government area', not imagined before. The council set up working group for thirteen local governments themselves to investigate this disaster and find safety and prevention of disaster measures to be deployed in nuclear administration, which published report in March 2012. This article described outline of investigation and derived problems and direction of their solution. Main items were related with communication, resident evacuation, prevention of disaster system, and management of refuge site. (T. Tanaka)

  17. Who greens the northern light? Green inside activists in local environmental governing in Sweden

    OpenAIRE

    Erik Hysing; Jan Olsson

    2011-01-01

    With this paper we aim to further our understanding of local environmental governing by analysing green inside activists who use expert-based authority, networks, and a professional position within public administration to green government policy and action from the inside. Using new survey data, we identify and analyse who these actors are and whether they matter for local environmental governing in Sweden. The results show that green inside activists operate within 23% of the Swedish munici...

  18. Post-decentralization regional economies and actors -- putting the capacity of Local governments to the test

    OpenAIRE

    Matsui, Kazuhisa

    2005-01-01

    Decentralization in Indonesia was introduced institutionally in 2001, with a democratization drive promoted by international donors and by the intention of the new government to clear away the centralistic image of Soeharto. Decentralization has had some effects on regional economies and on local government administration. Compared to the period before decentralization, the share of gross regional domestic product and local government finance has increased in Java, though investment and bank ...

  19. The relationship between hospital governing boards and administrators.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Males, H E

    1985-10-01

    The article examines the origin, nature, and resolution of varying types of conflict between hospital boards and administrators as illustrated in two contexts. The first case study describes conflicts at institutions where large ("upsized") boards become overly involved in hospital affairs after the management team has been downsized. The second case discusses the problem of board underinvolvement in hospital affairs within multihospital systems where a single board governs several administrative teams. PMID:10281823

  20. Modelling local government budgetary choices under expenditure limitation

    OpenAIRE

    Alan Duncan; Peter Smith

    1995-01-01

    The analysis of the expenditure decisions of English local authorities has assumed great importance as central government has sought to exercise increasing control over the activities of local government. In particular, in a variety of contexts, central government has sought to estimate from empirical observation what a local authority ‘ought’ to spend. Unfortunately, such an undertaking is becoming increasingly complex, as the influence of previous government policy itself assumes greater im...

  1. Financial Strategies for the Romanian Local Public Administration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Attila GYÖRGY

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Public administration reform at all governmental levels constitutes an important component of the transformation process from a centralized system to democratic governance. This process involved important legislative and institutional changes in order to fulfill the principles of a market economy and the European Union standards based on transparency, predictability, accountability, adaptability and effectiveness. Therefore, in a continuing extension of the citizens’ needs, Romanian public administration reform, especially at local level, is concentrated on quality of public services based on citizens’ needs and increased performances in the context of a necessary decrease of budget expenditure, taking into consideration the actual financial constraint. In this context, it is useful to investigate the financial strategies of the local public administration based on the Romanian experiences that consisted in important public resources decline because of the financial crisis.

  2. Local governance in disaster risk reduction in Cameroon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Buh-Wung Gaston

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available At the 2005 World Conference on Disaster Risk Reduction held in Hyogo, Japan, 168 countries including Cameroon adopted the Hyogo Framework for Action, committing to take action to reduce human and socio-economic disaster losses. Geotechnology, Environmental Assessment and Disaster Risk Reduction was commissioned by the Global Network of Civil Society Organisations for Disaster Risk Reduction as the coordinating organisation in Cameroon to evaluate progress in implementation of the framework from the civil society perspective, particularly the role of local governance in disaster risk reduction (DRR. Seven regions of the country were identified for evaluation, where people have suffered losses from disasters during the last three decades. Three approaches were used: administration of questionnaires; consultations with local communities; and four case studies. It was found that there was significant scope for improvement on individual local governance indicators, and that effective progress depends on:1. level of achievement in the decentralisation process currently under way.2. adoption of a participatory approach to DRR.3. clear distribution of roles in the DRR process.4. adequate allocation of necessary financial and human resources.5. enhancement of capacity of local communities to prepare for and respond to all types of disasters.Creation of an independent body to carry out fundamental research, forecast new and emerging hazards and manage all disasters in the country will contribute greatly to moving things forward.

  3. 48 CFR 9.307 - Government administration procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... ACQUISITION PLANNING CONTRACTOR QUALIFICATIONS First Article Testing and Approval 9.307 Government administration procedures. (a) Before the contractor ships the first article, or the first article test report... requirements for testing and approval, or evaluation, as appropriate; (2) Call attention to the...

  4. Construction of an evaluation system for information openness of local governments

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fang; WANG; Qun; GU

    2011-01-01

    Evaluating government openness is important in monitoring government performance and promoting government transparency. Therefore, it is necessary to develop an evaluation system for information openness of local governments. In order to select evaluation indicators, we conducted a content analysis on current evaluation systems constructed by researchers and local governments and the materials of a case study on a local government. This evaluation system is composed of 5 first-tier indicators, 30 secondtier indicators and 69 third-tier indicators. Then Delphi Method and Analytic Hierarchy Process(AHP) Method are adopted to determine the weight of each indicator. At last, the practicability of the system is tested by an evaluation of the local government of Tianjin Binhai New Area, which has been undergoing administrative reform and attempting to reinvent itself in the past 5 years.

  5. Green local governments in Florida: assessment of sustainability performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Brinkmann

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The sustainability performance of local governments that adopted the Florida Green Building Coalition’s Green Local Government standard was evaluated using a web-based review and survey of 26 local governments within the context of the Three Es of environment, equity, and economic development. The results indicate that while many local governments exhibit a broad commitment to sustainability as evidenced by the inclusion of sustainability in formal documents, such efforts are not present across all government functions or departments. In addition, while local issues are often addressed, interrelated sustainability goals of equity and economic development are not clearly articulated. Most local governments in the state instead tend to focus on environmental protection through initiatives such as storm-water management improvements. Nevertheless, the use of specific benchmarking tools by Florida governments can serve as a model for other states.

  6. Territorial Self-governance as a Form of Local Sovereignty

    OpenAIRE

    Natal'ya V. Lebedeva; Mariya S. Semenova

    2012-01-01

    Territorial public self-governance is a kind of public self-governance, a form of involvement of society in conducting the local governance. The importance of such a legal institute is clear, as associations of home owners (TOS) cater for social self-consciousness, active cooperation between people and government, tackling the passiveness and freeloading.

  7. GOVERNANCE FROM BELOW A Theory of Local Government With Two Empirical Tests

    OpenAIRE

    Faguet, Jean-Paul

    2005-01-01

    I examine decentralization through the lens of the local dynamics that it unleashes. The national effects of decentralization are simply the sum of its local-level effects. Hence to understand decentralization we must first understand how local government works. This paper proposes a theory of local government as the confluence of two quasi-markets and one organizational dynamic. Good government results when these three elements - political, economic and civil - are in rough balance, and acto...

  8. The Impact of Metagovernance on Local Governance Networks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Damgaard, Bodil; Torfing, Jacob

    2011-01-01

    This article analyses the impact of metagovernance on the functioning of local governance networks. It does so by comparing the functioning of four local governance networks in the field of local employment policy in Denmark. Between 2007 and 2009, two of these networks were linked to jobcentres...

  9. Decentralized Local Governance In Fragile States: Learning From Iraq

    OpenAIRE

    Brinkerhoff, Derick W.; Johnson, Ronald W.

    2009-01-01

    This article examines the role that local governance plays in creating an effective state and in building constructive state—society relations. Reconstruction efforts in fragile, post-conflict states have focused largely on central government, yet decentralized local authorities offer a number of positive features. Looking at the governance reconstruction experience in Iraq, the analysis explores the extent to which these positive features have characterized Iraqi sub-national government. The...

  10. e-Government – Assisting Reformed Public Administration in Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreea GATMAN

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The adoption of web-based technologies in order to deliver government services has become a global trend in public administration. e-Government also means that governments have to act as a private entity and compete for best delivered services towards citizens due to the societal challenges and shifting relations. But such transformation has significant implications, such as answering in a collaborative, intelligent manner to the needs and demands of the citizens, to the different categories of users including the elderly, women, men, youngsters, or disadvantaged groups. The construction and management of the virtual space becomes an essential element of modern public administration. The assumption is that Governments become more efficient in an electronic “version”. In order to evaluate their e-Government projects governments’ need to point towards the value added that technology is bringing in terms of impact. To conduct such an evaluation one needs to include also the effort put forth in such projects - in terms of financial, human resources, and policy. All three dimensions are equally important and complementary.

  11. Local government expenditures and regional growth in Sweden

    OpenAIRE

    Lundberg, Johan

    2001-01-01

    This thesis consists of five papers, which concern expenditure decisions and economic growth within Swedish local government.Paper [1] explores the hypothesis that local fiscal shocks have short run effects on revenue and expenditure decisions made within local government. It is found that although fiscal shocks do not affect local authorities' revenue decisions, they do induce municipalities to change expenditures and financial costs along with short term loans. Local authorities are also fo...

  12. Municipal Climate Governance and Formation of Local Transition places

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søndergård, Bent; Stauning, Inger; Holm, Jesper

    environment etc.) and of specific local actor constellations of transition (NGO´s, entrepreneurs, companies), which imply that there can be big potentials in defining and implementing local transition strategies • Local projects and experiments concerning the low carbon economy and climate mitigation...... are experimenting with new governance concepts directed towards the integration of citizens, enterprises and sector actors in long term transition processes. The paper discusses and characterizes innovative municipality practices and concepts of governance by analyzing governance concepts of...

  13. Local Government Debt Issue: The Case in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ms. Xiaokun Guo

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Local government debt issue has troubled China’s economy and become a major issue for policy makers. Currently, China is facing downstream in both economy and gross revenue growth. It is acknowledged that preventing local government debt crisis and financial risks is crucial. Relevant suggestions will be proposed at the end of this article by analyzing the status of China's local government debt with reference of international experience.

  14. Regional Economic Policy Transition in the Local Government of Korea

    OpenAIRE

    Hong, Ki-yong

    2003-01-01

    Regional economic policy in developing countries is dominated by central government. The potential of local government has recently attracted more interest (Eisiger 1988; Fosler 1988; Beckeman 1996; Jones 1990 ; Elkins 1966; Kossy; 1966; Leicht 1994). The general consensus is that local business climate manifests either entrepreneurial conditions. Since the early 1970s, local governments in Korea confine their policies for its diversification due to an incomplete financial environment. There ...

  15. Transfer payments from the central government to the local governments and the local governments' efforts on taxation: taking China as an example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Ming-hong; TANG Yuan-yan

    2010-01-01

    The influence of the transfer payments from the central government to the local governments on the local governments' efforts on taxation must be taken into consideration by every country for the design of the transfer payments. Based on the theoretical analysis on the influence of the transfer payments from the central government to the local governments on the local governments'payments, this paper indicates that the local governments'efforts on taxation depends on the demand elasticity of the district for public goods. It increases with the increase of the elasticityλ.Judge the degree of the local government's efforts on taxation by measureλ. After an empirical analysis on the transfer payments from the central government to the local governments from 2000 to 2004, thins paper gets the conclusion that the local governments'efforts on taxation abates with the increase of supporting payments or with the increase of the ratio of transfer payments to local willing public payments. Under specific circumstances, the higher the ratio of transfer payments to the local fiscal expenditure is, the smaller the local governments' efforts on taxation is under the central payments, whereas the higher the local income is, the higher the efforts is under the eentral payments. Based on this. this paper gives the meanmg of its corresponding policies.

  16. FORECAST, ORGANIZATION-COORDINATION AND MOTIVATION IN LOCAL PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION MANAGEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Petronela SCUTARIU

    2015-01-01

    The proper functioning of local administrative system is not possible without the exercise of the functions of local public administration management. From such a direction, in this article we intend to analyze the contents of the functions of forecast, of organization-coordination and of motivation, in order to show how each of these contributes to good management of local public affairs. Defining the mission, the objectives of local government and the actions to be taken to achieve them, th...

  17. The Effectiveness of Social Media Implementation at Local Government Levels

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elvira NICA

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to gain a deeper understanding of the management of social me-dia at the local government level, the availability of opportunities for citizen dialogue on govern-ment websites, and the impact that social net-working applications have on e-government. The results of the current study converge with prior research on the growing awareness amongst government practitioners regarding the relevance of social media, the use of social media for feed-back on service quality, and privacy and security commitments in e-government. The literature on the use of information technology to transform government, the potential for online government information to contribute to citizen engagement, and the rapid growth in local government use of social media is relevant to this discussion.

  18. Social Media for Local Government Agencies

    OpenAIRE

    Taylor, Sam

    2015-01-01

    With more and more people communicating online, many local agencies are making the shift to include social media as part of their outreach efforts. This session will include a breakdown of the most common social me­dia networks used by local agencies, ideas for useful and engaging content, and a discussion of best practices for social media communications. Examples will be drawn from other local agency success stories, including local agencies within Indiana.

  19. "Sick of Local Government Corruption? Vote Islamic"

    OpenAIRE

    J. Vernon Henderson; Ari Kuncoro

    2006-01-01

    Indonesia has a tradition of corruption among local officials who harass and collect bribes from firms. Corruption flourished in the Suharto, pre-democracy era. This paper asks whether local democratization that occurred after Suharto reduced corruption and whether specific local politics, over and above the effects of local culture, affect corruption. We have a firm level data set for 2001 that benchmarks bribing activity and harassment at the time when Indonesia decentralized key responsibi...

  20. Governance of disaster risk reduction in Cameroon: The need to empower local government

    OpenAIRE

    Bang, Henry N.

    2013-01-01

    The impact of natural hazards and/or disasters in Cameroon continues to hit local communities hardest, but local government lacks the ability to manage disaster risks adequately. This is partly due to the fact that the necessity to mainstream disaster risk reduction into local governance and development practices is not yet an underlying principle of Cameroon’s disaster management framework. Using empirical and secondary data, this paper analyses the governance of disaster risks in Cameroon w...

  1. Governance of disaster risk reduction in Cameroon: The need to empower local government

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry N. Bang

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The impact of natural hazards and/or disasters in Cameroon continues to hit local communities hardest, but local government lacks the ability to manage disaster risks adequately. This is partly due to the fact that the necessity to mainstream disaster risk reduction into local governance and development practices is not yet an underlying principle of Cameroon’s disaster management framework. Using empirical and secondary data, this paper analyses the governance of disaster risks in Cameroon with particular focus on the challenges local government faces in implementing disaster risk reduction strategies. The hypothesis is that the governance of disaster risks is too centralised at the national level, with huge implications for the effective governance of disaster risks at the local level. Although Cameroon has reinvigorated efforts to address growing disaster risks in a proactive way, it is argued that the practical actions are more reactive than proactive in nature. The overall aim is to explore the challenges and opportunities that local government has in the governance of disaster risks. Based on the findings from this research, policy recommendations are suggested on ways to mainstream disaster risk reduction strategies into local governance, and advance understanding and practice in the local governance of disaster risks in the country.

  2. Economic and Financial Attributions of Local Administrative Authorities

    OpenAIRE

    MELINDA SZASZ

    2009-01-01

    Local public administration is one of the important sectors of state administration. Through public administration, state achieves its goals, respecting legal regulations. Local authorities - city councils and mayors – must manage in the name and interest of local collectivities the public business and resources. Many responsibilities were transferred to local administration, getting the first base with financial decentralization, trying to get administration next to citizens, as much as poss...

  3. Definition of the service in the local government in CR that uses process management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marketa Zimmermannova

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The article discusses a definition of service in the local government in CR that uses process management as part of the EA meta model.. This definition is a follow up of the analysis regarding effective local government in CR that is based on process management usage together with the enterprise architecture elements. Service definition in this article is regarding the logic of creation of business service in the proposed EA meta model, definition of business service against the definition of ICT service and putting local government service in the wider context of service catalog for public administration.

  4. Hydraulic fracturing and environmental concerns : The role of local government

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verschuuren, Jonathan

    2015-01-01

    This article discusses how local governments, in three different countries, challenge higher levels of government’s decision making that enables hydraulic fracturing, and it explores how these higher levels of government should respond. The article finds that in those countries where at the local le

  5. 77 FR 10742 - Local Government Advisory Committee; Request for Nominations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-23

    ... AGENCY Local Government Advisory Committee; Request for Nominations AGENCY: Environmental Protection... appointment to its Local Government Advisory Committee (LGAC). The LGAC was chartered to provide advice to the....frances@epa.gov . SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: The LGAC is a federal advisory committee chartered under...

  6. AN OVERVIEW OF FACTORS AFFECTING THE SIZE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Trueblood, Michael A.; Honadle, Beth Walter

    1994-01-01

    This paper reviews many factors affecting the size of local government. These factors include: current demographic trends and changes in alternative service delivery arrangements, theoretical schools of thought, evidence on economies of size, whether current local governments are managed efficiently, and legal and political factors.

  7. Climate change governance: enhancing local authorities’ adaptive capacity

    OpenAIRE

    McGloughlin, Jackie S.

    2015-01-01

    Climate change is a wicked problem that threatens our way of life through environmental changes and governance challenges. Reducing vulnerability requires actions by all formal government structures and society. While much is known about local governance challenges internationally, information has been lacking about the Irish context. Little work has been done concerning how climate change will affect Irish local authorities, how advanced their preparations are, and factors affecting their pr...

  8. Governance and Territorial Development. System Actions for Local Authority

    OpenAIRE

    Fundación Canadiense para las Américas, (FOCAL)

    2003-01-01

    This volume presents three papers discussing new models of governance, system abilities and learning within the Territorial Integrated Design (PTI). In particular, the papers analyze: the evolution from Territorial Pacts to Territorial Integrated Pacts; territorial governance and integrated design; and local development and governance. They emphasize those significant innovations concerning these three areas which have proved to be decisive to engender and implement local development projects...

  9. Does local government have capacity for enabling local economic development? Lessons from Jamaica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eris D Schoburgh

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Implementation of the Caribbean Local Economic Development Project (CARILED1began in 2012 in seven countries for a duration of six years, to support sustainable economic growth in the region. CARILED has introduced the idea of local economic development (LED to the ‘development’ debate in the region but has also brought the organisational capacity of local government, and local government’s role as ‘facilitator’ of LED,to the fore. This paper assesses organizational behaviour and capability in local government in Jamaica to determine the state of readiness for a developmental role. The paper draws on two sets of research data to aid its analysis–a capacity audit (CAPAUD conducted in 2010 and an organisational analysis (OAcommissioned by the Ministry of Local Government in 2010, both of which targeted a sample of local authorities in Jamaica.The study found that when assessed against established criteria for an LED organisation, ie: research and information provision; marketing and coordination; learning and innovation; and leadership - local government’s institutional and organisational capacity for development is unevenly distributed. For instance, local leaders understood organisational purpose but efforts to give effect to this appeared undeveloped, sporadic and uni-directional. It was also evident that participatory strategies are used to gain information from communities but these were often devoid of systematic research methodologies rendering formal community impact on local planning negligent. Finally there is strong potential for the kind of administrative leadership required by a developmental local government to evolve,indicated by the quality of training, quantum of managerial/supervisory staff, and stability of staff establishment. However, this potential is threatened by the deficiencies in the non-traditional functional areas that are strategic to the organisation’s effectiveness as a ‘facilitator’ of LED, ie

  10. DEMOGRAPHIC PREDICTORS WITHIN LOCAL PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bente Florina Maria

    2014-12-01

    Design/methodology/approach- Using a quantitative methodological approach, a survey based on SERVQUAL instrument was applied in order to evaluate local public communication. Data from a sample of 380 citizens within Western Romanian were analyzed. Specific demographic predictors that can influence citizens' satisfaction regarding the quality of communication are analyzed. Findings-By analyzing data it was possible to determine citizen satisfaction and to assess its relationship with different demographic characteristics. The results illustrate that gender does not significantly affect satisfaction, instead age, marital status, residence location (urban versus rural, income, education and occupational status of the respondents significantly affect satisfaction regarding local public communication. In addition, the findings confirm a relationship between the citizens' satisfaction and the age, income, education and occupational status of the respondents. Research limitations/implications- Owing to the budget and time limits, only a one-shot survey was conducted, therefore the comparison between “before” and “after” analysis could not be performed. In addition, further research should investigate the local public communication within national contexts. Practical implications -The adapted SERVQUAL scale may be used by institution managers to objectively assess communication performance and local authority service quality. Originality/value- There continues to be a lack of research regarding the communication process within local public administration and the effect of demographic predictors of communication satisfaction. This paper examines both the perceptions and the expectations of citizens regarding public communication. The results offer insights into residence location, age, income, education and occupational status effects on evaluations of communication satisfaction. Finally, the study contributes to studies of perceived service quality by bearing out

  11. Governance decentralization and local infrastructure provision in Indonesia:

    OpenAIRE

    Chowdhury, Shyamnal; Yamauchi, Futoshi; Dewina, Reno

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines the recent decentralization of governance in Indonesia and its impact on local infrastructure provision. The decentralization of decisionmaking power to local jurisdictions in Indonesia may have improved the matching of public infrastructures provision with local preferences. However, decentralization has made local public infrastructures depend on local resources. Due to differences in initial endowments, this may result in the divergence of local public infrastructures i...

  12. Paying for local government: an appraisal of the British Government's proposals for nondomestic rates

    OpenAIRE

    Jackman, R.

    1987-01-01

    In its recent Green Paper on local government finance, the British Government has proposed that the existing system of nondomestic rates be replaced by a uniform and centrally determined rate poundage. This idea has merit in principle in that it could improve the accountability of local authorities to local residents. But it is argued that the particular proposals in the Green Paper are deficient in ignoring the need for accountability in services provided to local businesses, and in failing ...

  13. Credit Risk Analysis of Local Government Financing Platform – An empirical study based on KMV model

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhou Tingting

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The local government financing platform is set up by local government through state-owned assets, real estate and equity capital. The functions of these companies are financing, construction, operation, the repaying debts. The local government financing platform can broaden the financing channels of local government in a great extent; alleviate the pressure of capital requirement. But at the same time, with the gradual expansion of the scale of debt, a series of problems has arisen: the amount of financing platform companies is huge, debt repayment depends too much on real estate price, the integration of government administration with enterprise, capital injection, and accounts of these companies are not well exposed. Once these problems outbreak, it may cause a series of financial crises, thereby threaten the entire banking industry even the healthy development of the national economy.

  14. Devolution dynamics of Spanish local government

    OpenAIRE

    Balaguer Coll, María Teresa; Prior Jiménez, Diego; Tortosa Ausina, Emili

    2010-01-01

    Over the last few years, there has been a devolutionary tendency in many developed and developingcountries. In this article we propose a methodology to decompose whether the benefits in terms ofefficiency derived from transfers of powers from higher to municipal levels of government (the¿economic dividend¿ of devolution) might increase over time. This methodology is based on linearprogramming approaches for efficiency measurement. We provide an application to Spanishmunicipalities, which have...

  15. Italy. Electrical contract management in local government

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The technical and economical assessment of electric energy consumption of a public administration body (province) shows remarkable opportunities of reducing energy costs. This calls for a continuous monitoring of the supply contract parameters. It is also discussed the solution concerning the transparency in supplier-customer relationship

  16. Fiskal Decentralization After Implementation of Local Government Autonomy in Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Nyoto, Harryanto

    2011-01-01

    This research aims to explain the relationship between local fiscal capacities intergovernmental transfers with the realization of the budget. Using the sample budget of 190 districts in Indonesia, three hypotheses have been tested. The results of this study indicate a high dependence of local government, to grants from the national government. Although there are close links between local fiscal capacities with performance budgeting, intergovernmental transfers are not fully mediating the rel...

  17. The ANCLI White Paper on Local Governance of Nuclear Sites

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    local community and the site, without being constrained by a narrow legal or administrative framework. The production of different types of waste and their management over the short, medium and long term is a problem that will affect all communities local to nuclear sites from now on. Whatever solution is arrived at (transmutation, storage or disposal) waste management sites will be a fact of life for the medium to long term. Local Commissions must operate at these sites, monitoring them and providing information. As a national body representing local stakeholders on nuclear issues, ANCLI is particularly alert to the problems of waste management and the importance of developing new solutions. It supports a coherent strategy of waste management, implemented so as to avoid storage in unsafe conditions or locations prejudicial to the interests of the local population. It aims to foster democratic debate on this subject by providing information to illuminate the issues and by encouraging the Government to set up long term structures which will engage future generations in governance decisions

  18. Responsibility with accountability: A FAIR governance framework for performance accountability of local governments

    OpenAIRE

    Anwar Shah

    2014-01-01

    This paper focuses on the role of local governments in bringing about fair, accountable, incoorruptible and responsive (FAIR) governance. Local governments around the world have done important innovations to earn the trust of their residents and their comparative performance is of great interest yet a comprehensive framework to provide such benchmarking is not available. This paper attempts to fill this void, by developing a general framework for performance accountability of l...

  19. FORECAST, ORGANIZATION-COORDINATION AND MOTIVATION IN LOCAL PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Petronela\tSCUTARIU

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The proper functioning of local administrative system is not possible without the exercise of the functions of local public administration management. From such a direction, in this article we intend to analyze the contents of the functions of forecast, of organization-coordination and of motivation, in order to show how each of these contributes to good management of local public affairs. Defining the mission, the objectives of local government and the actions to be taken to achieve them, the design and harmonization of optimal local organizational structure components to achieve preset objectives, but also the human resources training from local public administration to use their skills and capacities towards achieving the objectives of the local public organization contribute to improving the local administrative process with effect on satisfying the interests of the local community

  20. The concept of a right to local governance

    OpenAIRE

    E. Shugrina

    2008-01-01

    The article says though human rights and freedoms, specified in article 2 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation do not encompass a citizens right to local governance, this right is constitutional by implication of part 2 of article 3, part 2 article 32, articles 130-133 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation. Opinions are mixed regarding definition of a right to local government and a right to local governance in academic writings. Basing on the analysis of the works of such pr...

  1. Responsibility with accountability: A FAIR governance framework for performance accountability of local governments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anwar Shah

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on the role of local governments in bringing about fair, accountable, incoorruptible and responsive (FAIR governance. Local governments around the world have done important innovations to earn the trust of their residents and their comparative performance is of great interest yet a comprehensive framework to provide such benchmarking is not available. This paper attempts to fill this void, by developing a general framework for performance accountability of local governments and by relating real world practices to aspects of this framework. The proposed rating framework requires several types of assessments: (a their compliance with due process and law; (b monitoring of fiscal health for sustainability; (c monitoring of service delivery ; and (d citizens’ satisfaction with local services. The approach yields key indicators useful for benchmarking performance that can be used in selfevaluation and improvement of performance. t From an analysis of practices in local government performance monitoring and evaluation, the paper concludes that ad hoc ad-on self standing monitoring and evaluation systems are more costly and less useful than built-in tools and mechanisms for government transparency, self–evaluation and citizen based accountability such as local government output budgeting and output based fiscal transfers to finance local services.

  2. Environmental permits in Arab Gulf countries - local government perspective

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The legacy of past environmentally careless oil and gas exploration practices is becoming more apparent as time goes by and our understanding of causes and results increase. In many petroleum producing countries and in Arab Gulf countries in particular, this understanding has resulted in greater social demand for environmental protection and responsible exploitation of limited resources. In response to this demand, governments of the Gulf Region are paying increasingly more attention to the responsible management of environmental impacts of new developments. As a result, most of them require developers to obtain environmental permits supported by a variety of environmental baseline studies, Environmental Impact Assessments and comprehensive Environmental Management Plans. These local environmental requirements are similar to those in North America and Europe, although there are some important differences on account of local environmental, historical and socioeconomic conditions. Developers, who choose to ignore them, often find their projects caught in a web of unfamiliar environmental regulations or administrative procedures that may cause costly and unnecessary delays. Based on the author's Canadian and Arab Gulf regulatory experience, this paper describes some common causes that may delay obtaining environmental permits or cause cancellation of a project, and provides ideas to assist companies in securing necessary permits and licenses. (author)

  3. Nuclear materials transportation workshops: USDOE outreach to local governments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    To provide direct outreach to local governments, the Transportation Management Division of the United States Department of Energy asked the Urban Consortium and its Energy Task Force to assemble representatives for two workshops focusing on the transport of nuclear materials. The first session, for jurisdictions east of the Mississippi River, was held in New Orleans on May 5--6, 1988; the second was conducted on June 6--7, 1988 in Denver for jurisdictions to the west. Twenty local government professionals with management or operational responsibility for hazardous materials transportation within their jurisdictions were selected to attend each workshop. The discussions identified five major areas of concern to local government professionals; coordination; training; information resources; marking and placarding; and responder resources. Integrated federal, state, and local levels of government emerged as a priority coordination issue along with the need for expanded availability of training and training resources for first-reponders

  4. Madrid Symposium Promotes China-Spain Local Government Cooperation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>With the concerted efforts of the CPAFFC and the Spanish Federation of Municipalities and Provinces (SFMP), the China-Spain Local Government Cooperation Symposium was held in Madrid on March 24, 2010.

  5. Delegation of Zimbabwean Ministry of Local Government Visits China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>Dr. I. M. C. Chombo, minister of local government, public works and urban development of Zimbabwe, visited Beijing, Wuxi and Shanghai as the head of a delegation from March 17 to 24 at the invitation of the CPAFFC.

  6. State and local government regulation of nuclear waste transportation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Hazardous Materials Transportation Act (HMTA), authorizes the U.S. Department of Transportation (DOT) to promulgate rules governing the safe transportation in commerce of hazardous materials, including nuclear waste. The HMTA further provides that any state or local government requirement is preempted and thus invalid if it is inconsistent with a DOT requirement issued pursuant to the HMTA

  7. Developmental Local Government in South Africa: Institutional fault lines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaap de Visser

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides a brief introduction to the recent history of, as well as the legal and policy framework for, local government in South Africa. It discusses the transformation of local government from a racially configured, illegitimate arm of the apartheid government into a system designed to produce developmentally oriented municipalities. The progress made by South African municipalities towards realising the vision of developmental local government is remarkable and unprecedented. Over the last 13 years, municipalities have embarked on the extension of infrastructure and development, whilst absorbing fundamental changes to their internal governance and management arrangements, financial management systems and intergovernmental responsibilities. The new local government system offers great potential for the realisation of a better life for all citizens, facilitated by a new generation of municipalities. However, the challenges remain huge and some of these can be attributed to institutional fault lines. These include challenges that come with large, inclusive municipalities, new executive systems and the political appointment of senior officials. The paper also identifies the downside of overzealous institutionalisation of community participation. With regard to intergovernmental relations, the paper highlights the need for a clearer definition of local government mandates and a greater recognition of the role of big cities. The current insistence on comprehensive intergovernmental alignment of policies and budgets is questioned, and suggestions are made to substitute this with an approach of selective alignment around key national priorities.

  8. Impacts of NRC programs on state and local governments

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document reports the results of an NRC staff examination of the impacts of NRC regulatory programs on State and local governments. Twenty NRC programs are identified. For each, the source of the program (e.g., statutory requirement) and NRC funding availability are described and the impacts upon State and local governments are assessed. Recommendations for NRC monitoring and assessing impacts and for enhancing NRC staff awareness of the impacts are offered

  9. Instability of Finance in Local Government. Case of Albania

    OpenAIRE

    Fatbardha KADIU

    2014-01-01

    The aim of the paper is to analyse the instability of revenues in local government of Albania. Also it would identify the modes of revenues distribution and the possible implications of tax system structural changes. The analysis includes 48 local units from which 27of them are municipalities. The selection is based on average population and revenues on each region according to the Ministry of Finance. First it will be presented the main principles governing the intergovernmental transf...

  10. THE IMPACT OF GLOBALIZATION AND GOVERNANCE ON LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Armenia ANDRONICEANU

    2013-01-01

    Globalization and the crises context have influenced the local economic development in Romania and determined the government to adapt its policies according to them. This paper presents part of the results of a specific research on the impact of globalization and the government policies to the local economic development. The sample was composed by small and medium size enterprises from Bucharest. They are specialized in export of products from three main areas. The research methodology includ...

  11. A reappraisal of accounting changes in Dutch local government

    OpenAIRE

    Bogt, Henk ter

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Municipalities and provinces in the Netherlands, denoted here as local government, have introduced many major accounting changes and changes in other management control aspects since 1985. However, various change initiatives and new instruments were dropped after a short while, were superseded by new reforms, or only used to a limited extent. Interviews with 23 politicians and professional managers in local government made clear that they often were critical about the reasons for and...

  12. Innovation in public services: the case of Spanish local government

    OpenAIRE

    González Ramírez, María Reyes; Llopis Taverner, Juan; Gascó Gascó, José Luis

    2013-01-01

    The present paper aims to determine the level of implementation of innovations in Spanish local government as well as to identify which types of innovations are most common. The paper also considers the link between innovative behavior and organizational size. However, since innovations cannot occur as isolated phenomena but rather as a part of corporate strategy, the study compares the innovative behavior of the local governments analyzed with their typologies or strategic profiles. In order...

  13. Local government debt: an application to the Spanish case

    OpenAIRE

    Cantarero, David; Pascual, Marta; Fernandez, Roberto; María A. García-Valiñas

    2004-01-01

    For the last years, Europe has been subject to fiscal austerity in order to satisfy the Maastrich criteria. In this way, Spanish municipalities have been affected by new regulations and local government structure has changed. This paper is focused on the main factors that explain local government debt. In particular, budgetary information of a group of Spanish municipalities is used (1990-2000). Econometric analysis of cross section and panel data are presented. Key words:Fiscal Federalism, L...

  14. SPECIFIC FEATURES OF THE ORGANISATIONAL CULTURE OF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Stefanescu, Camelia; PÂNZARU, Stelian

    2009-01-01

    The system of local government is presently undergoing a deep reforming process which aims at objectives of paramount importance, the achievement of which depends, more than ever, on substantial changes brought to the values and behaviour patterns specific of the organisational culture. Therefore the organisational culture is a concept to be more and more present, these days, in the field of concern of institutions active in the public service of the local government of Romania. These organis...

  15. Local governance and public goods provision in rural China:

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Xiaobo; Fan, Shenggen; Zhang, Linxiu; Huang, Jikun

    2002-01-01

    In developing countries, identifying the most effective community-level governance structure is a key issue and, increasingly, empirical evaluation of the effects of democratization on the provision of local public goods is needed. Since the early 1990s, tens of thousands of villages in rural China have held local-government elections, providing a good opportunity to investigate the effect of democratization on the level of public goods provision. Using a recent village survey conducted over ...

  16. Signs of a crisis and ways of its overcoming in the system of government administration

    OpenAIRE

    SYTNIK L.S.; BERVENOVA T.N.

    2014-01-01

    The paper characterizes government administration as a way to implement the state power; signs, forms and methods, structure of the mechanism of government administration; factors of formation of the style of the government-administration activity. The authors distinguish essential signs of the crisis in the government administration, the sequence of stages of crises emergence and aggravation; types of conflicts on the territorial component, reasons for revolutions, principles of overcoming; ...

  17. Local politics, local citizenship: socialized governance in contemporary China

    OpenAIRE

    Woodman, Sophia

    2016-01-01

    The demise of collective units that attach citizens to the state in China has been overstated; the hegemonic form of Chinese citizenship today links participation and welfare entitlement to membership in a collective unit in a specific locality. This article presents an ethnographic account of the operation of this “normal” form of local citizenship in resident and villager committees in Tianjin. These committees combine participatory and welfare dimensions of citizenship in one institutional...

  18. CORRELATION BETWEEN THE ADMINISTRATIVE LEADERSHIP STYLE AND INCLINATION TOWARDS ORGANIZATIONAL LEARNING IN LOCAL ADMINISTRATIVE ORGANIZATIONS

    OpenAIRE

    Džinić, Jasmina

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the paper was to conduct a preliminary verification of theoretical postulates on correlation between the administrative leadership style and learning processes in local administrative organizations. The basic research hypothesis is that administrative leadership style is positively correlated with inclination to organizational learning in local administrative organizations, notwithstanding other organizational and contextual variables, such as internal organizational structure, num...

  19. Local Government Bond and Local Financial Institutions- Surveys on Local Financial Institutions and its Policy Implications - (in Japanese)

    OpenAIRE

    Doi, Takero; Hayashi, Tomoko; Suzuki, Nobuyuki

    2008-01-01

    The outstanding of local government bonds in Japan has reached about 200 trillion yen. It is necessary to reduce not only the national government debt but also debts of the local governments to maintain the fiscal sustainability, and to evade financial crisis through rising interest rates of these debts. This paper investigates the current situation of the local government bond market, and consideration and behavior of regional banks as lenders through questionnaire surveys and interviews. Mo...

  20. Strategic Planning as a management tool in local government

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángel Iglesias Alonso

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Local councillors and public managers have to face a recurrent problem: with scarce resources they have to be responsive to the citizen's demands and other actors in the local arena, combining the delivery of efficient local services with democratic quality. Using qualitative data, this article analyses a process of strategic planning in a local government to ascertain to what extent such a process contributes to conciliate the demands of more local democracy and better provision of public services with the participation of both citizens and local economic actors. Evidence provided by this case is positive although more comparative research is needed.

  1. Reforming Local Government in England: An Examination of the Blairite Agenda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andy ASQUITH

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the impact of the reformist agenda implemented in English local government since the election in 1997 of the first Blair government. Under 18 years of Conservative administrations (1979-1997, English local government had survived what some described as a legislative onslaught which had been designed to direct, control and remove functions from local authorities. Against this background, the first Blair administration inherited a system of local government upon which it would depend for key policy implementation. However, many within the Blair inner circles were deeply suspicious as to the motivations and capacity of local government to deliver on these key policies. The result therefore was a widespread overall of how local authorities were to be managed and importantly how they were to connect with their respective communities. As the article will examine, one of the key strategies for achieving Blair’s objectives was to be, in terms of the UK, both a radical and controversial innovation. Central to the Blairite agenda was the introduction to the UK of the concept of a directly elected mayor.

  2. 24 CFR 91.105 - Citizen participation plan; local governments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Citizen participation plan; local... Citizen Participation and Consultation § 91.105 Citizen participation plan; local governments. (a) Applicability and adoption of the citizen participation plan. (1) The jurisdiction is required to adopt...

  3. 45 CFR 1388.4 - Program criteria-governance and administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... administration. (a) Introduction to governance and administration: The UAP must be associated with, or an... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Program criteria-governance and administration... DEVELOPMENT SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES THE ADMINISTRATION ON DEVELOPMENTAL...

  4. Enhancement of Collectivities’ Autonomy from Administrative-Territorial Units in the Management of Local Public Administration

    OpenAIRE

    Petronela Zaharia; Irina Bilouseac

    2010-01-01

    With a distinct status in relation to the state administration, the collectivities in the local territorial-administrative units can manage themselves without the intervention of any other structures. Having local autonomy, the authorities of the local public administration have initiative and full responsibility in the administration, management and resolution of common affairs, towns, cities and counties, the latter being regarded as parts of the where autonomy is exploited. In the light of...

  5. Participatory health impact assessment for the development of local government regulation on hazard control

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Thai Public Health Act 1992 required the Thai local governments to issue respective regulations to take control of any possible health-hazard related activities, both from commercial and noncommercial sources. Since 1999, there has been centrally decentralized of power to a new form of local government establishment, namely Sub-district Administrative Organization (SAO). The SAO is asmall-scale local governing structure while its legitimate function is for community services, including control of health impact related activities. Most elected SAO administrators and officers are new and less experience with any of public health code of practice, particularly on health-hazard control. This action research attempted to introduce and apply a participatory health impact assessment (HIA) tool for the development of SAO health-hazard control regulation. The study sites were at Ban Meang and Kok See SAOs, Khon Kaen Province, Thailand, while all intervention activities conducted during May 2005-April 2006. A set of cooperative activities between researchers and community representatives were planned and organized by; surveying and identifying place and service base locally causing local environmental health problems, organizing community participatory workshops for drafting and proposing the health-hazard control regulation, and appropriate practices for health-hazard controlling measures. This action research eventually could successfully enable the SAO administrators and officers understanding of local environmental-related health problem, as well as development of imposed health-hazard control regulation for local community.

  6. Externalities, Learning and Governance: New Perspectives on Local Economic Development

    OpenAIRE

    Helmsing, Bert

    2001-01-01

    textabstractIn spite of growing mobility of production and production factors, economic development is increasingly localized in economic agglomerations. This article reviews three partially overlapping perspectives on local economic development, which derive from three factors intensifying the localized nature of economic development: externalities, learning and governance. Externalities play a central role in the new geographical economics of Krugman and in new economic geography of cluster...

  7. Antecedents of Citizens' Satisfaction with Local Administration in Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slavica CICVARIĆ KOSTIĆ

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The role of local administration in recent decades has rapidly changed worldwide. Pressure for citizen-centrism coming from various interest groups has triggered the need to implement marketing and management concepts which characterize the business sector. Relatively few studies have focused on emerging trends of improvements in exceeding this bureaucratic paradigm in local administration. This study examines and explores citizens’ perception on determinants influencing their satisfaction with local administration services in Serbia. The study uses an exploratory approach. A questionnaire was distributed to 605 users of local administration services. Empirical evidence indicates that, from the citizens’ point of view, customer orientation, employees’ behavior and attitudes, as well as the process of service delivery impact the overall customer satisfaction with local administration. The study also discusses important implications on potential improvements of local administration.

  8. Role of local governments in promoting energy efficiency

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, H.

    1980-11-01

    An examination is made of the incentives which influence the decisions by local governments to adopt energy-efficiency programs, either unilaterally or in partnership with the Federal government. It is found that there is significant potential for improved energy efficiency in urban residential, commercial, and industrial buildings and that exploiting these opportunities is in the interest of both Federal and local governments. Unless there is a unique combination of strong local leadership, a tradition of resource management, and external energy shocks, communities are unlikely to realize this potential. Conflicting demands, traditional perceptions, and lack of funding pose a major barrier to a strong unilateral commitment by local governments. A Federal-local partnership built upon and complementary to existing efforts in areas such as housing, social welfare, and economic development offers an excellent opportunity to realize the inherent potential of local energy-efficiency programs. At the local level, energy is not perceived as an isolated issue, but one which is part of a number of problems arising from the continuing increase in energy prices.

  9. E-government value priorities of Danish local authority managers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rose, Jeremy; Persson, John Stouby

    eGovernment. Administrative Efficiency focuses on value for money logics highlighted by New Public Management thinking. Service Improvement, derived from the tradition of public service, emphasises the value of providing better services to citizens. Citizen Engagement, with its roots in liberal...... citizen engagement; the implications of these results are briefly discussed....

  10. Electronic Governance: Myth or Opportunity for Nigerian Public Administration?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacob Olufemi Fatile

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs have changed the process of governance in the world. To manage government affairs for the benefits of citizens, governments have adopted e-governance technologies in service delivery. The objectives of this study are to provide a comprehensive review of e-governance in order to give it a sound framework, assess the levels of e-governance implementation, and evaluate critical success factors of e-governance implementation. The analysis of the impact of e-governance in service provision Nigeria is also provided. It notes that Nigeria is facing a number of challenges in the introduction of e-Governance. Given the importance of the successful implementation of electronic governance services and from a practical perspective, the paper suggests that government should take a positive position towards the factors which will bring about effective and efficient e-governance in Nigeria. Government should declare access to ICT services as fundamental human right of every Nigerian and to establish a timetable and guarantee enabling environment for attracting the right level of investments. The paper concludes that there is a lot of hope on the potential of e-governance to transform the internal efficiency of government and the relationship of government with citizens.

  11. 76 FR 3610 - Proposed Information Collection; Comment Request; Annual Survey of State and Local Government...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-20

    ... government finances and estimates of local government revenue, expenditure, debt, and assets, nationally and... include state and local government executives and legislators, policy makers, economists, researchers, and... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE...

  12. Financial Management in Local Government: The Nigeria Experience

    OpenAIRE

    Nwosu M. Eze; Okafor O. Harrison

    2013-01-01

    As a creature of the constitution, it is the statutory responsibility of local government as the third tier of government to cater for the people at the grass root level which forms the preponderant majority of the teaming population of the whole country. It is a universally acknowledged that no meaningful economic planning and development can be made without finance. Determining the key roles of finance managers and processes of financial management is central to better fiscal outcomes. This...

  13. Privatization and local government reform in Germany: A slow train

    OpenAIRE

    Schmidt, Klaus-Dieter

    1998-01-01

    The paper investigates the recent trends in privatization by local government organizations in Germany. It comes to the conclusion that the privatization policy has been two-directional: on the one hand, municipalities have reduced their economic activities, mainly by different forms of contracting out; on the other hand, they have expanded them into profitable fields. In many cases they have preferred a phantom privatization: government bodies have only been transferred into a private-law es...

  14. Taxing State and Local Government Production: Economic and Legal Perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Schuldinger, Moshe; Zimmerman, Dennis

    1999-01-01

    The Internal Revenue Service has held that the section 115 exclusion from taxation of the gross income state and local governments earn from public utilities or from the exercise of any "essential governmental function" applies to any income that accrues to them. This provides an incentive for government to produce public goods and services rather than contracting with private firms, although the incomplete contract literature suggests economic welfare might be enhanced by private production....

  15. DIAGNOSIS CONCERNING THE FINANCIAL KNOWLEDGE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT UNITS (LGUS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomasz Skica

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Systemic management of a local government unit lacks viewing the LGU as an economic entity which should actively use modern financial knowledge in its activity in order to stimulate active construction of an economic and social potential. It need’s to stimulate processes of building in local government structures a financial knowledge based on a modern understanding of LGU finance while considering the new challenges in finance which have been revealed after the subprime crisis, complemented with practical concepts based on New Public Management. Considering the progressing reforms of the national public finance system and the resulting consequences for shaping the financial management of the LGUs, and also globalization processes and the dynamic development of the financial services’ market, it is natural to require managers of the local government subsector of public finance to have thorough financial knowledge – current and interdisciplinary knowledge that would most importantly be reliable and practice-based.

  16. THE UTILITY OF USING PUBLIC - PRIVATE PARTNERSHIP FOR LOCAL GOVERNMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ZAHARIOAIE Maria

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to present which are the main advantages and risks associated with the use of the public-private partnership for local government. Knowing and understanding them is important, because the use of such cooperation form do not represent an all-heal solution for every problem of the local government, but must be analysed taking in consideration both the advantages and risks associated. Thus, by making a critical incursion in the literature will emphasize in this article the utility that the use of the public-private partnership in the local government might have, especially in the context of assuming both benefits and risks associated.

  17. Ways to Finance Investments within the Local Public Administration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monica Daniela TEŞU (PĂSCULESCU

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to disclose several ways to finance investments within the local public administration. The study has revealed that the investments in local public administration may be made by establishing public-private partnerships, attracting and using grant funds and using loans to finance public services and investments in local infrastructure with governments’ warranties or local authorities’ warranties. This study provides a realistic background for finding solutions to the problems encountered by the local public administration in order not only to surmount the economic crisis, but to upturn the international investments in Romanian infrastructure.

  18. Ways to Finance Investments within the Local Public Administration

    OpenAIRE

    Monica Daniela TEŞU (PĂSCULESCU)

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study is to disclose several ways to finance investments within the local public administration. The study has revealed that the investments in local public administration may be made by establishing public-private partnerships, attracting and using grant funds and using loans to finance public services and investments in local infrastructure with governments’ warranties or local authorities’ warranties. This study provides a realistic background for finding solutions to the p...

  19. A model of recreation services in local government

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Agilonu

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to define an applicable model for organizing human resources, customer expectations, and service quality in recreational activities for local governments.Sportive recreation is one of the areas that people spend their money on. Health consciousness is the main reason underneath. Government should support such kind of activities. Municipality is the main part of local government. This is the reason that municipalities are the main services provider for public. The local government should provide healthy, reliable, satisfactory, safe recreational activities.The success of recreation units depends on the skilled stuff who know the wishes, interest and hopes of the society and who have been educated to hold the philosophy, concept and aims of recreation. The purpose is to enable the local governments to be professional institutions about recreational activities and is to establish a certain model. To reach the defined aim; it is to state recreational activities, applied education, to serve tutorial help to the amateur and professional practitioners, to contribute to the organizations like festival, exhibition, exposition, etc., to establish a concept by making practitioners and experts come together.

  20. A model of recreation services in local government

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Agilonu

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to define an applicable model for organizing human resources, customer expectations, and service quality in recreational activities for local governments. Sportive recreation is one of the areas that people spend their money on. Health consciousness is the main reason underneath. Government should support such kind of activities. Municipality is the main part of local government. This is the reason that municipalities are the main services provider for public. The local government should provide healthy, reliable, satisfactory, safe recreational activities. The success of recreation units depends on the skilled stuff who know the wishes, interest and hopes of the society and who have been educated to hold the philosophy, concept and aims of recreation. The purpose is to enable the local governments to be professional institutions about recreational activities and is to establish a certain model. To reach the defined aim; it is to state recreational activities, applied education, to serve tutorial help to the amateur and professional practitioners, to contribute to the organizations like festival, exhibition, exposition, etc., to establish a concept by making practitioners and experts come together.

  1. Strategic Planning in Local Governments in Europe: 'Where Do We Go Now'?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veronica JUNJAN

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper is part of a larger inquiry aiming to investigate the current results published in the scientifi c literature with respect to strategy development in local governments. The geographical area of interest consists of European Union (EU. The preliminary results of a systematic literature review are reported below. These results suggest that the efforts to analyze the strategy development in local governments are primarily associated to the urban planning fi eld and to a lower extent to public administration journals.

  2. Local Government Financing Platforms in China: A Fortune or Misfortune?

    OpenAIRE

    Yinqiu Lu; Tao Sun

    2013-01-01

    China’s rapid credit expansion in 2009–10 brought local government financing platforms (LGFPs) into the spotlight. This paper discusses their function, reasons behind their recent expansion, and risks they are posing to the financial sector, local governments, and sovereign balance sheet. This paper argues that LGFPs were a fortune for China in the past, but would turn out to be a misfortune if the causes of the rapid expansion of LGFPs are not addressed promptly. In this context, the pap...

  3. Power Purchase Agreement Checklist for State and Local Governments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cory, K.; Canavan, B.; Koenig, R.

    2009-10-01

    This fact sheet provides information and guidance on the solar photovoltaic (PV) power purchase agreement (PPA), which is a financing mechanism that state and local government entities can use to acquire clean, renewable energy. It addressed the financial, logistical, and legal questions relevant to implementing a PPA, but we do not examine the technical details?those can be discussed later with the developer/contractor. This fact sheet is written to support decision makers in U.S. state and local governments who are aware of solar PPAs and may have a cursory knowledge of their structure but they still require further information before committing to a particular project.

  4. Solar Powering Your Community: A Guide for Local Governments (Book)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2011-01-01

    DOE designed this guide—Solar Powering Your Community: A Guide for Local Governments—to assist local government officials and stakeholders in designing and implementing strategic local solar plans. The 2011 edition contains the most recent lessons and successes from the 25 Solar America Cities and other communities promoting solar energy. Because DOE recognizes that there is no one path to solar market development, this guide introduces a range of policy and program options that can help a community build a local solar infrastructure.

  5. An Examination of the Effectiveness of Auditing of Local Government Financial Reports in Bayelsa State, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Appah Ebimobowei

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This research examines the effectiveness of auditing of local government accounts in Bayelsa State, Nigeria. To achieve the objective of the study, primary and secondary data were used. The secondary data include journals, textbooks and government publications and the primary data was collected using a well structured and tested questionnaire from two hundred and forty six respondents in the eight local government of Bayelsa State. The respondents were stratified to create subsets among different departments and then random sampling technique was used to select the number of subjects from each subset to collect data. The data was analyzed using descriptive statistics and spearman rank order correlation coefficient. The findings of the study suggest that auditing ensures proper stewardship reporting, administrative interference and inadequate qualified manpower does retard proper auditing of local government accounts in Bayelsa State. The study concludes that auditing of local government account is fundamental for the effective and efficient stewardship reporting by council officials without political and administrative interference of the financial activities of the councils with adequately qualified audit staff. Thus the study recommends among others that objectivity, integrity and transparency should be observed by auditors and council officials; restructuring of the various anti-corruption agencies in Nigeria; and improvement of auditors remuneration and fringe benefits to enhance performance.

  6. LOCAL GOVERNMENT TAX COMPETITION IN CZECHOSLOVAKIA 1918-1938

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Haas

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The study evaluates tax competition among local governments in Czechoslovakia during the interwar period. Using correlation and regression analysis it proves that (1 local politicians took into account the tax policies of neighbouring jurisdictions when imposing additional tax rates on top of the direct central taxes, (2 there were some regional differences, (3 migration played its role in tax rate setting and (4 the "race-to-the-bottom" did not take place.

  7. The Government and Administration of Africa, 1880–1939. 5 Volumes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    administration in Africa. It explores the continuous interplay between mother country and colonial state that shaped the administration and its subsequent influence on African societies and European settler communities. Topics examined include: land and urban administration, law and jurisprudence, taxation......, administration of natural resources, non-state administration including chartered company administration and missionary influence, recruitment, training and shifting philosophies of administration. Titles of volumes: I: Recruitment and Training II: Governance and Law III: Taxation and Expenditure IV...

  8. Tax Limitations and Revenue Shifting Strategies in Local Government

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blom-Hansen, Jens; Bækgaard, Martin; Serritzlew, Søren

    2014-01-01

    The literature on tax and expenditure limitations (TELs) shows how limiting the freedom of local governments to levy taxes may have considerable unexpected effects. Entities subjected to such limitations may, as their proponents hope, react by cutting expenditures and revenue, but they may also...... strategically change their revenue structure and increase reliance on income sources not subjected to limitations. However, these findings are overwhelmingly based on studies of state and local governments in the USA. Their relevance outside this empirical setting remains unclear. A study of Denmark, where the...... subjected to tax limitations employ revenue-shifting strategies. In Denmark, however, these strategies are contingent on the specifics of the Danish intergovernmental system, which render central government grants an attractive object of revenue-shifting strategies. Our analysis thus helps identify the...

  9. The Electronic Government as a Mean to Development and Administrative Improvement

    OpenAIRE

    Mohamed Mohamed Al Hady

    2006-01-01

    The research dealing with the importance of the electronic government in development and administrative improvement, it begins with defining the e-government and its importance, aims and advantages, then states the main factors for activating its role, and the needed methods and plans for converting to the e-government. finally, the research puts some recommendations for establishing the e-government

  10. Application of University Resources to Local Government Problems. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shamblin, James E.; And Others

    The report details the results of a unique experimental demonstration of applying university resources to local government problems. Faculty-student teams worked with city and county personnel on projects chosen by mutual agreement, including work in areas of traffic management, law enforcement, waste heat utilization, solid waste conversion, and…

  11. Challenges to implementing of development plans at local-level government in Papua New Guinea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benjamin Saimbel Barcson

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The 1995 local-level government reforms undertaken in Papua New Guinea (PNG were largely in response to increasing concern that the public service was failing in its responsibility towards the people.  As a result, the 1995 Organic Law on Provincial and Local Governments (OLPLLG was established.  The prime purpose of this was to address this issue through deeper engagement of the lower levels of government, particularly local-level governments (LLGs. Almost two decades on, poor socio-economic conditions and deterioration in infrastructure/services suggest that the proposed change has not materialised.  The purpose of this paper is to address the question of whether the lower tiers of government are capable of implementing the development plans under the reforms.  The paper finds that the 1995 reforms have made LLGs dependent upon their Joint District Planning and Budget Priorities Committee (JDP & BPC and their district administration, which have become the main impediment to local government effectiveness.  This in turn has greatly hindered LLG capacity and has reinforced unequal relations, rather than assisting service delivery in PNG.  There is therefore a need to make LLGs more effective players.

  12. THE PUBLIC SERVANTS PERCEPTIONS REGARDING COMMUNICATION WITHIN LOCAL PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

    OpenAIRE

    BENTE FLORINA

    2013-01-01

    The goal of this paper was to to assess the communication efficiency within local public administration in Crisana Region. It also aims to explore factors predicting employees satisfaction regarding communication process. Using qualitative research I investigated public servants\\' opinions on the communication in local public administration. As an exploratory study I performed a content analysis of information gathered from the interviews organized in the two most largest local public institu...

  13. The Urban Leaders Adaptation Initiative: Climate Resilient Local Governments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foster, J. G.

    2008-12-01

    Local governments, the first responders to public health, safety and environmental hazards, must act now to lessen vulnerabilities to climate change. They must plan for and invest in "adapting" to inevitable impacts such as flood, fire, and draught that will occur notwithstanding best efforts to mitigate climate change. CCAP's Urban Leaders Adaptation Initiative is developing a framework for informed decision making on climate adaptation. Looking ahead to projected climate impacts and 'back casting' can identify what is needed now to both reduce greenhouse gas emissions and build local resiliency to climate change. CCAP's partnership with King County (WA), Chicago, Los Angeles, Miami-Dade County (FL), Milwaukee, Nassau County (NY), Phoenix, San Francisco, and Toronto is advancing policy discussions to ensure that state and local governments consider climate change when making decisions about infrastructure, transportation, land use, and resource management. Through the Initiative, local leaders will incorporate climate change into daily urban management and planning activities, proactively engage city and county managers and the public in developing solutions, and build community resilience. One goal is to change both institutional and public attitudes and behaviors. Determining appropriate adaptation strategies for each jurisdiction requires Asking the Climate Question: "How does what we are doing increase our resilience to climate change?" Over the next three years, the Initiative will design and implement specific adaptation plans, policies and 'catalytic' projects, collect and disseminate "best practices," and participate in framing national climate policy discussions. In the coming years, policy-makers will have to consider climate change in major infrastructure development decisions. If they are to be successful and have the resources they need, national climate change policy and emerging legislation will have to support these communities. The Urban Leaders

  14. A comparative review on local government: Ander pressure of central goverment and market mechanism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Özel

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Neoliberal policies after 1980 aimed at reforming public administration, especially owing to financial budget deficit, in terms of both central and local administrations. In this study,  local administration reforms in Turkey, Germany and France have been studied comperatively taking method of change together into consideration. The comparison focuses on similarities and distinctness of the above-mentioned countries from two aspects, namely, the first one is functional change between central and local governments (with the help of vertical point of view and the second one is regulation of the relations between local governments and market or third sector (with the help of horizontal point of view. The second reconsideration surely positions evoluation from “local government” to “local governence” which is in the process of reform into the center of the discussion. The purpose of the study is to reveal comperatively the institutional and functional changes emerging during process of decentralisation and gaining a place in the market in the countries where neoliberal policies  are implemented.

  15. Local government debt and economic growth in China

    OpenAIRE

    Wu, Yanrui

    2014-01-01

    China’s local government debt (LGD) has recently become the focus of economic policy debates. However, information about LGD and its impact on economic growth in the Chinese economy is scarce. This paper attempts to present an empirical investigation of the impact of China’s LGD on economic growth. It is probably the first of its kind to focus on China and thus contributes to the general literature on the relationship between government debt and economic growth. The paper first provides an as...

  16. IT portfolio decision-making in local governments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agger Nielsen, Jeppe; Pedersen, Keld

    2014-01-01

    IT project portfolio management (IT PPM) has evolved into a significant area of research interest, but we know little about IT PPM practices in public sector organizations. Therefore this article investigates decision-making processes in the IT PPM practices of local governments, and discusses how...... proposed by the IT PPM literature) plays a minor role. Our account also reveals how the decision-making practices create IT portfolio problems and in some aspects is considered to have a negative impact on the outcome of e-government investments. Our analysis and previous research into decision...

  17. Government Districts, Other - Montana Administrative Boundary Web Mapping Service

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — Montana Administrative Boundaries Map Service includes the following boundaries: State, County, Incorporated City/Town, Reservation, School Districts, Tax Increment...

  18. Perceptions of Malaysian Local Government Managers on Accountability Typology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rohana Othman

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Accountability is a concept that has been difficult to clearly identify or measure. There is disagreement over definitions of accountability and a lack of empirical evidence about ways the concept might be dimensionalized, although there is agreement that it is multi-dimensional in nature.  The aim of this study is to provide evidence of the existence of common types of accountability that are considered by departmental managers in local governments in Malaysia to be rendered by their particular departments. Drawing from a range of writings that have propounded different dimensions for the accountability construct, this study develops an instrument and administers it to departmental heads and their immediate subordinate manager in local government authorities throughout Malaysia. A three-cluster solution resulted from the data analysis, indicating an accountability typology that reduces to the three dimensions managerial/public accountability, fiduciary/compliance accountability and political accountability.

  19. Wisconsin Local Government, State Shared Revenues and the Illusive Flypaper Effect

    OpenAIRE

    Steven Deller; Craig Maher; Victor Lledo

    2002-01-01

    This study focuses on the impacts state shared revenues has on local government finances. Specifically we examine what is referred to in the academic literature as the "flypaper effect." Using a simple model of local fiscal behavior Bradford and Oates (1971a, 1971b) predict that aids to local governments is the equivalent to cash transfers to local constituents. Thus aids to local governments should have the same impact on local government spending as does increases in local personal income. ...

  20. Shariah Bond as Financial Instrument For Local Government

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anim Rahmayati

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to analyse the potential of sharia bonds in the region as an alternative to local financing. This research is a kind of literary descriptive qualitative research using SWOT analysis. The results of this study indicate that in the area of sharia bonds is an alternative worth considering regional funding compared to other funding. Support policy, very large financing needs for region infrastructure development, the market potential in the area of sharia bonds is an opportunity for local governments in Indonesia to immediately issue sharia bonds in the area.DOI:  10.15408/sjie.v5i1.3126

  1. Frequency and Costs of Communication with Citizens in Local Government

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Kim Normann; Medaglia, Rony; Zinner Henriksen, Helle

    2011-01-01

    This paper addresses the frequency and costs of local governmentcitizen communication in five channels (physical meetings, postal mails, phone calls, e-mail and online self service. Considered to be among the advanced countries with regards to supply of e-services, our analysis shows a surprisingly...... low use of transactions in the Danish local government. Also, our estimate is that email costs are higher than phone call costs and that there is substantial room for advancing our knowledge of the costs of e-services....

  2. The Activities of Local Government Chief Executive Officers

    OpenAIRE

    Andy ASQUITH

    2007-01-01

    This paper looks at the actual day-to-day activities of the local government CEO in Western Europe and assesses the roles they fulfil. The varied roles of the CEO are analysed through the utilisation of evidence generated by both the UDITE Leadership Study and from evidence gained from previous studies of the roles of CEOs. Hence, the paper will provide an image of the CEOs role that is continually evolving to meet the ever-changing demands on this important position.

  3. Public investment and budget rules for state vs. local governments

    OpenAIRE

    Bassetto, Marco

    2008-01-01

    Across different layers of the U.S. government there are surprisingly large differences in institutional provisions that impose fiscal discipline, such as constitutionally mandated deficit or debt limits, or specific tax bases. In this paper we develop a framework that can be used to quantitatively assess their costs and benefits. The model features both endogenous and exogenous mobility across jurisdictions, so we can evaluate whether the different degree of mobility at the local vs. nationa...

  4. MARKETING COMMUNICATION CHANNELS USED BY LOCAL GOVERNMENTS VS. TOURISTS` EXPECTATIONS

    OpenAIRE

    HERNIK JOANNA; SMALEC AGNIESZKA

    2013-01-01

    Marketing communication specialists in local governments have at their disposal a number of communication instruments. Significant that the most commonly they use printed materials, brochures and leaflets, web sites and walking maps. The question is: if this is sufficient for modern tourists? That’s why the article presents the results of study of secondary data on the development of tourism in the West Pomeranian Province (Poland), as well as the original findings relating to the expectation...

  5. Local Government and Traditional Leadership in South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Kurahashi, Hiroki

    2012-01-01

    There have been arguments whether traditional leadership is needed for rural development in democratic local governance. Arguments about traditional leadership in South Africa often result in the one whether customs based on traditional values are democratic. It is possible to lose the traditional value which has been historically produced in the society if the criterion to judge political meaning of traditional leadership is based on election. The influence which traditional leadership exerc...

  6. Local Government Budgeting: The Central and Eastern European Experience

    OpenAIRE

    Mihály Hőgye; Charles McFerren

    2003-01-01

    The purpose of this work is to fill an existing void in descriptive data concerning local government budgeting in Central and Eastern European (CEE) countries. In the terms of reference given to the project teams chosen for each of the countries included in the study, the project was designed to elicit three types of information: (1) the budgeting environment, (2) the budget process, and (3) a summary of best practices.

  7. Role of local governments in disaster risk reduction

    OpenAIRE

    Malalgoda, Chamindi; Amaratunga, Dilanthi; Pathirage, Chaminda

    2010-01-01

    The occurrence of the natural disasters has increased significantly in recent past and this has resulted in a high number of mortalities and economic and social losses worldwide. This necessitates the implementation of disaster risk reduction measures in order to achieve a disaster resilient environment. The risk reduction through improved resilience requires a multi-sectoral approach with the participation of various stake holders. As such, the local governments being the first responder...

  8. Political conflicts over public policy in local governments

    OpenAIRE

    Ellegård, Lina Maria

    2013-01-01

    This thesis consists of four self-contained essays on different conflicts shaping local government policy. The first essay examines how population aging affects the generosity of public long-term care. Aging may directly affect long-term care policy as the elderly become a more important voter group. However, concerns for other citizens may dampen the political importance of the elderly. Fixed effects regressions on municipality-level panel data for 1999-2007 suggest that long-term ca...

  9. 20 CFR 30.1 - What rules govern the administration of EEOICPA and this chapter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... General Provisions Introduction § 30.1 What rules govern the administration of EEOICPA and this chapter... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What rules govern the administration of EEOICPA and this chapter? 30.1 Section 30.1 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION...

  10. 20 CFR 10.1 - What rules govern the administration of the FECA and this chapter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...' COMPENSATION ACT, AS AMENDED General Provisions Introduction § 10.1 What rules govern the administration of the... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What rules govern the administration of the FECA and this chapter? 10.1 Section 10.1 Employees' Benefits OFFICE OF WORKERS' COMPENSATION...

  11. Applying Best Practices to Florida Local Government Retrofit Programs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McIlvaine, J.; Sutherland, K.

    2013-12-01

    In some communities, local government and non-profit entities have funds to purchase and renovate distressed, foreclosed homes for resale in the affordable housing market. Numerous opportunities to improve whole house energy efficiency are inherent in these comprehensive renovations. BA-PIRC worked together in a multi-year field study making recommendations in individual homes, meanwhile compiling improvement costs, projected energy savings, practical challenges, and labor force factors surrounding common energy-related renovation measures. The field study, Phase 1 of this research, resulted in a set of best practices appropriate to the current labor pool and market conditions in central Florida to achieve projected annual energy savings of 15-30% and higher. This report describes Phase 2 of the work where researchers worked with a local government partner to implement and refine the 'current best practices.' A simulation study was conducted to characterize savings potential under three sets of conditions representing varying replacement needs for energy-related equipment and envelope components. The three scenarios apply readily to the general remodeling industry as for renovation of foreclosed homes for the affordable housing market. Our new local government partner, the City of Melbourne, implemented the best practices in a community-scale renovation program that included ten homes in 2012.

  12. Applying Best Practices to Florida Local Government Retrofit Programs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McIlvaine, J. [Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction (BA-PIRC), Cocoa, FL (United States); Sutherland, K. [Building America Partnership for Improved Residential Construction (BA-PIRC), Cocoa, FL (United States)

    2013-12-01

    In some communities, local government and non-profit entities have funds to purchase and renovate distressed, foreclosed homes for resale in the affordable housing market. Numerous opportunities to improve whole house energy efficiency are inherent in these comprehensive renovations. BA-PIRC worked together in a multiyear field study making recommendations in individual homes, meanwhile compiling improvement costs, projected energy savings, practical challenges, and labor force factors surrounding common energy-related renovation measures. The field study, Phase 1 of this research, resulted in a set of best practices appropriate to the current labor pool and market conditions in central Florida to achieve projected annual energy savings of 15%-30% and higher. This report describes Phase 2 of the work where researchers worked with a local government partner to implement and refine the "current best practices". A simulation study was conducted to characterize savings potential under three sets of conditions representing varying replacement needs for energy-related equipment and envelope components. The three scenarios apply readily to the general remodeling industry as for renovation of foreclosed homes for the affordable housing market. The new local government partner, the City of Melbourne, implemented the best practices in a community-scale renovation program that included ten homes in 2012.

  13. Should states and local governments regulate dietary supplements?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Starr, Ranjani

    2016-03-01

    Federal regulation of dietary supplements in the United States is governed by the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994. The law has been criticized as weak and ineffective. Alarming research has emerged demonstrating that supplements may be mislabelled, contaminated, adulterated with dangerous or unknown compounds, or sold at toxic doses. As a result, the health community has raised concerns about the safety and quality of dietary supplements. Increased federal oversight is an important avenue for improving supplement safety; however, states and local governments may also pursue strategies to strengthen the overall regulatory control of dietary supplements. States and local governments have substantial experience in regulating other products that pose a risk to public health, such as tobacco. Additionally, much has been learned about the tactics the tobacco industry has employed to protect its interests. Lessons learned may be applied to new regulatory efforts aimed at improving the safety of dietary supplements at the state and local levels. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. PMID:26594006

  14. The Propensity to Tax Competition: The Case of Implementation Local Tax Policy by Polish Local Governments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Artur Walasik

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The study is dedicated to identify the main factors determining the propensity of local authorities to compete for the access to the limited as well as mobile sources of local tax revenue. The success of such an activity should be discussed in relation to the stabilization of local budget revenues; hence it seems that the barriers of leaving tax jurisdiction could be better index to evaluate of the efficiency of local tax policy. The theoretical approach is based on the assumption that, if central government provides limitations of the right to improve local tax policy means (the scope of local tax jurisdiction, the local governments should focus on both the efficient acquiring the sources of tax revenues, and the stabilization of tax revenues in the future, in particular by the implementation of the barriers of leaving tax jurisdiction. The paper suggests studying a propensity to tax competition. The article formulates desideratum of the efficiency of spending on acquiring the sources of tax revenue, in particular, the need to identify the barriers to leave tax jurisdiction is suggested. The first and foremost way to build the barrier to leave tax jurisdiction could be reducing tax liabilities by local tax authorities, in particular by introducing local tax reliefs and local tax exemptions, as well as lowering local tax rates. Hence, the model of local authorities’ competition for local tax resources could be proposed. The empirical studies are dedicated to identify the actual propensity of Polish local government to execute the legal ability to impose tax policy instruments. The inquiry is based on comparing the fiscal consequences of implementing local tax policy within two groups of local authorities: small towns and countries (gminas and medium-size towns and big cities (cities with powiat status. The period under investigation contains 14 fiscal years, started 2000 and finished in 2013. The method is based on the analysis of the

  15. Two faces of internationalisation of administrative policy : between government innovation and transgovernmental imitation

    OpenAIRE

    Trondal, Jarle

    2004-01-01

    Whereas domestic public policy is increasingly penetrated by international governmental organisations, domestic government institutions seem less adaptive. This puzzle triggers the following question: To what extent is the internationalisation of domestic administrative policy moulded by domestic government? Put more starkly, how intimate relationships exist between domestic government decision-making and domestic policy? The paper outlines one organisation theory perspective emphasising a ti...

  16. Electronic data exchange between the enterprise and the government administration

    OpenAIRE

    Čanda, Petr

    2011-01-01

    The thesis is focused on the topic electronic data exchange between the enterprise and the state administration. The work is divided into a theoretical part and a practical part. The theoretical part includes literature research of electronic data interchange methods, protocols and standards for electronic data interchange, methods for information system design and for process modelling. Furthermore, the thesis deals with the electronic communication within the state administration (eGovernme...

  17. The Problem of Financial Resource in Turkish Local Administration from a Historical Point of View

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huseyin Gundogdu

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available This study claims that the financial problems existing in Turkish local administration which have been under reform by force of EU process have slight chance to be overcome. This is because like the reform efforts once tried in the 19th century Ottoman Empire, if the system would be reformed by transplanting the European system of city administration, the result could cause disappointment as it did in the Ottoman municipal 'revolution'. Rather, like European reformers did by 'inventing their traditions', Turkey could reform the local governments by reviving some of the institutions of classical cities which were evidently prosperous before industrialization.

  18. 48 CFR 27.305-2 - Administration by the Government.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... significant in number or quality. These contracts include contracts of a research, developmental, or... reviewed using a spot-check method, as feasible. Appropriate follow-up procedures and activities may... include, where appropriate, use of Government patent personnel— (1) To interview agency...

  19. Nuclear supervision - Administration by the federal states on behalf of the Federal Government or direct federal administration for optimum achievement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One year ago, Federal Minister for the Environment Juergen Trittin expressed doubt about the long-term viability of the federal states' acting on behalf of the federal government in the field of atomic energy law administration. An alternative to this type of administration was mentioned, namely direct execution by the feral government, and a thorough examination was announced. This was to show which type of administration would achieve maximum safety for the residual operating lives of nuclear power plants. Kienbaum Management Consultants were commissioned to evaluate the current status and potential alternative structures. That study was performed within the framework of one of the key projects in reactor safety of the Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, and Nuclear Safety (BMU), namely the reform of nuclear administration. Further steps to be taken by the BMU by the end of this parliamentary term are presented. The federal state are to be approached in an attempt to conduct an unbiased discussion of the pros and cons of the alternatives to administration by the federal states on behalf of the federal government. Questions will be clarified which need to be examined in depth before direct administration by the federal government can be introduced. These include constitutional matters and matters of costing in financing the higher-level federal authority as well as specific questions about the organization of that authority. The purpose is to elaborate, by the end of this parliamentary term, a workable concept of introducing direct federal administration of nuclear safety. (orig.)

  20. Results based management in Albanian local governments. Case study municipality of Korca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Dhimitri

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Public Management has been a constant concern for all politicians and public administrators at all levels of governance in Albania. Increase of public demand for higher accountability, efficiency in the administration of public goods and services is now challenging the traditional means of governance by so aiming tangible results in the public management. Results Based Management (RBM is a new approach in the public management, a practice already developed in the western countries. RBM is defined as an approach that integrates in one whole instrument the strategies, human resources, processes and their evaluation, with the aim of improving decision-making, transparency, and accountability of public institutions. This study makes an effort to approximate and clarify as simply as possible such a management scheme which remains a relatively new approach for Albania and especially for local governance stakeholders. RBM is not only a planning-monitoring -evaluation tool but also a model that can facilitate the activity and development of Local Government Units in order for them to improve their “product/services”. From empirical data deriving from this prior assessment it results that municipality of Korca in Albania have the willingness and the institutional and technical capacities, though very fragmented and not integrated in one whole clear model, to embrace the RBM as a new approach in their institution’s management.

  1. Comparative Study on Local e-Government “Romania and Turkey”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catalin Vrabie

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper is designed as a comparative study between Romania and Turkey on certain aspects of local electronic government elements of several localities of those 2 countries. The differences between the countries considered in this study are not neglected, starting with culture (organizational, but not only and ending with economic aspects. In the paper we will present: the IT framework in which public administration operates (with features on each country; macroeconomic issues with direct impact on the development of e-government - where we present financial information on investments in IT sector in both countries; and the municipal web sites analysis of the countries – were we try to find, using a predefined scale, common elements and differences that arise when we look at the development of the local e-government. Objectives: We will find out why Internet users in Turkey visit and interact more frequently with the Local Administration Web Site than those in Romania. The intention is to build the architecture of a Web site designed to provide good interaction to citizens. Approach: This paper is an in-depth analysis of official web sites of town halls. We used a predefined scale taken from similar studies, but adapted to extract relevant elements. For a more accurate study we compared cities were the difference (in terms of finance and inhabitants is not too big. Results: As a result we will find out why Internet users in Turkey visit and interact more frequently with the Local Administration Web Site than those in Romania. The Value of this article is the comparative study itself, by this, we may start developing better Web sites, dedicated to the use of citizens.

  2. Post-Apartheid, Local Government - Challenges for Gender Equality.

    OpenAIRE

    Arnadottir, Unnur

    2015-01-01

    South Africa s constitution is often described as one of the most progressive in the world in terms of gender equality, but there have been questions on the implementation of these rights. The unemployment rates are a lot higher amongst women than men in South Africa, which means that women are more vulnerable to poverty. An impressive number of documents has been produced for the mandate of local government to improve the socio-economic situation for women. Why is that so little has been ach...

  3. The Activities of Local Government Chief Executive Officers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andy ASQUITH

    2007-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper looks at the actual day-to-day activities of the local government CEO in Western Europe and assesses the roles they fulfil. The varied roles of the CEO are analysed through the utilisation of evidence generated by both the UDITE Leadership Study and from evidence gained from previous studies of the roles of CEOs. Hence, the paper will provide an image of the CEOs role that is continually evolving to meet the ever-changing demands on this important position.

  4. Local governments' participation in intergovernmental e-government projects: a comparative network analysis of two case study's

    OpenAIRE

    Vander Elst, Simon; De Rynck, Filip

    2012-01-01

    Both the Belgian federal and Flemish regional government have framed the development of a series of authentic information sources as a key solution to reduce administrative burden for companies and citizens as these crossroads banks allow the sharing of information between different government agencies at different levels of government. The ultimate goal is to realize a more integrated, efficient and effective government service delivery towards citizens and companies. In our paper, we will c...

  5. Internal Audits at Local Governments. Audit Experiences of the State Audit Office of Hungary

    OpenAIRE

    Tamás Sepsey

    2011-01-01

    Internal audit applied by local government does not fulfil its functions and in reality does not contribute to the proper, regulated, economical, efficient and effective management of local governments. In the majority of local governments internal audit has a systemic attitude, which consistently fails to assess and to develop the effectiveness of the risk management and controlling procedures of local government. This situation partly results from the contradictions between the Act on Local...

  6. Citizen participation at the local level of government in Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vukelić Jelisaveta

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the issue of direct citizen participation at the local level of government in Serbia after 2000. In the first part, an attempt was made to define the concept of direct citizen participation and to analyze its main features. The second part contains the analysis of the achieved state of direct citizen participation at local level in Serbia. The primary goal of this research is to determine the key characteristics and the actual stage of development of the four levels of direct citizen participation: providing/acquiring information, consulting, proposing and participating in decision making. The main finding is that citizen participation in Serbia exists at a rudimentary level and that in this regard we are lagging behind most countries in Western Europe, but also in the Region.

  7. Relations between authorities in the Slovenian local self-government system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anja Grabner

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to analyse the relationship between the legislative (municipal council and executive (mayor, deputy mayor branches of power in the Slovenian system of local self-government. In the centre lies the role of the mayor, the role of the director of the municipal administration and the role of the municipal council together with the relationship (which has changed significantly in the past two decades between the mayor and these two bodies. The theoretical anchor of the contribution is the work of Mouritzen and Svara (2002 where the authors categorise ideal models of executive government at the sub-national levels of government and the relations inside the executive. Based on previous empirical research studies, we analyse the functioning of the executive and legislative branches of power and their mutual relations, starting from the assumption that those relations do not correspond to the quite rigidly defined normative frameworks, but in practice often move beyond them.

  8. Good governance and territorial marketing – two sides of the same coin? Development of market orientation through governance mechanisms in local government.

    OpenAIRE

    Justyna Anders; Wawrzyniec Rudolf

    2011-01-01

    The scope of the paper is to discuss the role of good governance in improving responsiveness of local government to the needs of the selected target markets (investors, tourists, students). The criteria of good governance and governance indicators are analysed with regard of their applicability in building customer orientation of local authorities i.e. increasing market intelligence, disseminating knowledge about current and prospect users of the territory and fostering organizational culture...

  9. Good governance and territorial marketing - two sides of the same coin? Development of market orientation through governance mechanisms in local government.

    OpenAIRE

    Anders, Justyna; Rudolf, Wawrzyniec

    2011-01-01

    The scope of the paper is to discuss the role of good governance in improving responsiveness of local government to the needs of the selected target markets (investors, tourists, students). The criteria of good governance and governance indicators are analysed with regard of their applicability in building customer orientation of local authorities i.e. increasing market intelligence, disseminating knowledge about current and prospect users of the territory and fostering organizational culture...

  10. The legal duty of local government to facilitate development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Theo Scheepers

    1999-03-01

    Full Text Available Local government in South Africa is not only facing challenges normally associated with a process of development or transformation, but needs to adjust its focus according to the new development paradigm unfolding in South Africa. Developmental local government has to accomplish this task according to the mandate issued in the Constitution and within a specific legal-institutional and value framework The legal-institutional framework is based on a set of development law principles contained in new generation legislation. The value framework consists of community values as well as constitutional values reflecting individual and community values, norms and principles. This framework imposes a legal and moral duty as well as corresponding obligations on municipalities to plan and implement future socio-economic development of the areas for which they are responsible according to a new set of development principles and values. These principles make it incumbent upon municipalities to manage development through a people-centred and community-driven process. This article briefly deals with the nature and content of the duties and responsibilities of municipalities emanating from a new development paradigm when facilitating the development process within their areas of jurisdiction.

  11. ADMINISTRATION AND LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT CASE STUDY: VALCEA COUNTY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurelia-Camelia MARIN

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Involving local governments is one of the key issues and challenges for the development of each region, not least for the development of Romania, as an EU member country. The main purpose of this paper is to identify the main factors affecting the ability of local authorities in Romania, especially those in Valcea county to provide economic operators and citizens conducting an environment of economic activities and a high level of quality of life. For example, I follow the development of several economic indicators relevant for economic development and opportunities for involvement of local government to improve the economic situation specific to this county. As research methods in paper I plugged classification, synthesis, static and dynamic comparative analysis, methods of induction and deduction, the graphical representation of events and phenomena investigated in an attempt to provide an explanation of the problem that is, in terms theoretically convincing.

  12. Financial Strategies for the Romanian Local Public Administration

    OpenAIRE

    Attila GYÖRGY; Emilia CÂMPEANU; Adina Cristina GYÖRGY

    2011-01-01

    Public administration reform at all governmental levels constitutes an important component of the transformation process from a centralized system to democratic governance. This process involved important legislative and institutional changes in order to fulfill the principles of a market economy and the European Union standards based on transparency, predictability, accountability, adaptability and effectiveness. Therefore, in a continuing extension of the citizens’ needs, Romanian public ad...

  13. Women’s leadership in local government in the Caribbean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kizzann Lee Sam

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Women and men are traditionally cast in different roles, with males being leaders in the workplace, home and government. In contrast, communities promote women as caregivers who support male leaders and shape future generations as mothers, mentors and teachers. In recognition of this societal view of women that often led to inequality and inequity, the UNDP listed Gender Equality and empowering women as one of eight Millennium Development Goals. The post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals, adopted by the United Nations in autumn 2015, also included gender equality and empowering women as Goal 5. In its work in the Caribbean, the Caribbean Local Economic Development Project (CARILED examined gender as it relates to micro, small and medium enterprise (MSME development in six Caribbean countries.  The findings of this study showed gender gaps for both male and female entrepreneurs in different areas of development.  Traditionally gendered roles for MSME sectors, access to financing and lack of adequate guidance or community support were some areas that affected men and women differently in the region.  The study outlines ways in which male and female leaders can address traditional gender roles by identifying priority areas for development, creating an enabling environment for start-ups and expansion, and fostering a policy and legislative base that facilitates ease of doing business.  The recommendations further describe the public–private partnerships needed to successfully meet gender gaps, and the importance of both elected officials and technocrats in inter alia community engagement and advocacy towards local economic development. The importance of gender equality among elected officials and technocrats, and the influence gender has on determining priority areas of focus within local government strategic plans for communities are also set out within this paper.

  14. The state of HIV sector local governance in Malawi and Zambia: Evidence from five districts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Justin Steyn

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper encapsulates the outputs of a Swiss Agency for Development Cooperation (SDC funded project that aimed to improve the levels of HIV governance at the district level in Malawi and Zambia by encouraging public participation in an effort to more effective use of local resources. The methodology for this project, developed by the Institute for Democracy in Africa (Idasa and SDC, included a barometer which assessed perceptions of district HIV governance among key stakeholders. Perceptions were gathered on governance principles of effectiveness, efficiency, rule of law, accountability, participation and equity. The stakeholders ranged from administrators, political representatives, community-based organisations and the private sector on the supply side and citizens on the demand or beneficiary side. The findings of the research indicate specific sector governance issues that may be generalised to governance. Communication and transparency appear to be major issues underpinning the bottlenecks and shortcomings in the HIV sector governance at the district level. Information gaps have given rise to accountability deficits and coordination deficiencies. Addressing these matters would make more effective use of resources and lessen dependence on external funding sources.

  15. Participatory Governance and European Administrative Law: New Legal Benchmarks for the New European Public Order

    OpenAIRE

    Nickel, Rainer

    2006-01-01

    European Governance is more than just a policy instrument without legal significance. Its regulatory sub-divisions, such as Comitology, the Lamfalussy procedure, and the growing number of European administrative agencies, have colonized substantive parts of the law-shaping and law-making processes. This contribution argues that European Governance is a distinct phenomenon that cannot be easily reconciled with traditional notions of legislation and administration, but needs to b...

  16. ITALIAN LOCAL PUBLIC SERVICES: SOME GOVERNANCE HIGHLIGHTS FROM THE LARGER CITIES’ EXPERIENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DE MATTEIS Fabio

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Entrusting most local public services to local government entities has led to proliferation of public groups and, consistently, to greater complexity of the governance dynamics of local authorities. Differently from Anglo-Saxon countries, the Italian local public services provision has been characterized by a hybrid externalization process where local entities are legally autonomous but owned by the local government. This leads to a peculiar governance complexity source represented by the dual role (stakeholder and customer assumed by the local authority. Considering these elements (hybrid externalization and governance structure, this work tries to investigate some governance issues of public groups, basing on the two most populous Italian municipalities. The empirical findings highlight a gap between the presence of the conditions for defining a group governance structure and the adoption of a group approach by the parent local government. The authors try to suggest how to bridge this gap.

  17. Governance and Knowledge Transformations in Educational Administration: Greek Responses to Global Policies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sifakakis, Polychronis; Tsatsaroni, Anna; Sarakinioti, Antigone; Kourou, Menie

    2016-01-01

    This article explores the localisation of the global and European discourse of educational governance in the Greek education system through the changes that have been introduced in the field of education administration since 2009 by the then socialist government. Our research aims to contribute to the critical policy literature on the spreading…

  18. Examining the Role of the Culture of Local Government on Adoption and Use of E-Government Services

    OpenAIRE

    Nurdin, Nurdin; Stockdale, Rosemary; Scheepers, Helana

    2010-01-01

    This paper describes research in progress to explore the role of culture in adoption of e-government at local government levels. The majority of research in electronic government highlighted cultural issues but they do not identify specific cultural traits influencing e-government adoption and use. From our literature review we identified four major cultural traits; adaptability, involvement, mission, and bureaucratic, that is explored in this research. Based on these cultural traits and othe...

  19. Problems of Formation of Social Basis of Local Self-Government in Russia

    OpenAIRE

    Irina Mersiyanova

    2008-01-01

    Focus of sociology in studies of Russian local self-government is within bounds of different aspects of interpretation of "local self-government" concept. Author deals with the social aspect, when main issue is a subject of local self-government. Relevance of this theme is determined by that the solving of problems of institutionalization of public associations objectively appears as a factor of local self-government institute development. Elaboration of strategies for sustainable development...

  20. To The Question Of Concept And Signs Of The Local Government

    OpenAIRE

    Levan T. Chikhladze

    2015-01-01

    In the present article author examines concept and features of the local government, provided in three legal acts, which are significant for the development of local government in the Russian legal acts. The important factor, uniting these acts is that they all are contributed to the functioning of the local government on the principles of decentralization. A special role in the formation of a decentralized local government in Russia is played by the Russian Constitution, adopted by populatio...

  1. Local self-government development factors. Assessment of importance isolation and isolationism

    OpenAIRE

    Juri Plusnin

    2008-01-01

    The relationship between the development of local self-governance and their exclusion in modern Russia had found the research of municipal management organization. The hypothesis of local self-government development determination by factors of isolation and isolationism was proposed. The higher the isolation, the higher the level of local government and vice versa. Isolation promotes isolationism as a result of the factors limiting the development of local self-government. Types of isolation ...

  2. Administration of Maintenance and Operations in California School Districts: A Handbook for School Administrators and Governing Boards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    California State Dept. of Education, Sacramento.

    This handbook provides information that administrators of maintenance and operations in California schools can use in systematically planning and scheduling school facility support services. The first unit, chapter 1, is designed to help members of school district governing boards establish board policies, regulations, and procedures. Topics…

  3. Operational Risk Assessment (ORA) for Local Government Engineering Department (LGED) in Bangladesh : Final Report, Volume 1

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2009-01-01

    The Local Government Division, Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Cooperatives (LGD) agreed, as part of the identification of a follow-up project to the on-going Rural Transport Improvement Program (RTIP), to launch an Operational Risk Assessment (ORA) of the Local Government Engineering Department (LGED). The ORA draws on and adapts previous work to develop methodologies ...

  4. Operational Risk Assessment (ORA) for Local Government Engineering Department (LGED) in Bangladesh : Final Report, Volume 2

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2009-01-01

    The Local Government Division, Ministry of Local Government, Rural Development and Cooperatives (LGD) agreed, as part of the identification of a follow-up project to the on-going Rural Transport Improvement Program (RTIP), to launch an Operational Risk Assessment (ORA) of the Local Government Engineering Department (LGED). The ORA draws on and adapts previous work to develop methodologies ...

  5. Does local government staff perceive digital communication with citizens as improved service?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berger, Jesper B.; Hertzum, Morten; Schreiber, Trine Louise

    2016-01-01

    Digital communication between government and citizens is pivotal to e-government. The Danish e-government initiative Digital Post aims to digitize all communication between government and citizens. We surveyed local government staff about how Digital Post affects the service delivered to citizens...

  6. 75 FR 32343 - Debt Collection and Administrative Offset for Monies Due the Federal Government

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-08

    ... Minerals Management Service 30 CFR Part 218 RIN 1010-AD36 Debt Collection and Administrative Offset for Monies Due the Federal Government AGENCY: Minerals Management Service (MMS), Interior. ACTION: Proposed... administrative collection of nontax debt with Treasury's Financial Management Service. This centralization...

  7. 40 CFR 22.37 - Supplemental rules governing administrative proceedings under the Solid Waste Disposal Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... administrative proceedings under the Solid Waste Disposal Act. 22.37 Section 22.37 Protection of Environment... Supplemental rules governing administrative proceedings under the Solid Waste Disposal Act. (a) Scope. This... sections 3005(d) and (e), 3008, 9003 and 9006 of the Solid Waste Disposal Act (42 U.S.C. 6925(d) and...

  8. Health Impact Assessment (HIA) in Ireland and the role of local government

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background: Health Impact Assessment (HIA) in Ireland has developed significantly since its endorsement in the health strategies of the Republic of Ireland (2001) and Northern Ireland (2002). Throughout 2007 and 2008, research was conducted to examine HIA as a policy-informing tool throughout both jurisdictions. One aspect of this research investigated the role of local government and its relationship in advancing HIA practise and use in Ireland. Methods: A case study research design was used which employed qualitative research methods, including semistructured interviewing and participant observation. In total 48 interviews were conducted with members of the HIA steering committees and individuals closely involved in the HIAs. Results: The relationship between local government and HIA in Northern Ireland is a positive one given the strong tradition of local government in the jurisdiction. The Review of Public Administration (RPA) negatively influenced the integration of HIA into local authority procedures. In the Republic of Ireland, the influence of social values and political will was found to be negatively present with the HIA on Traveller accommodation. Evidence from the HIA conducted on traffic and transport in Dublin was used to plan further health promotion and community planning activities in the area. Conclusion: Local government plays a vital role in HIA practise and development in both jurisdictions. The willingness to work with external partners (such as the health care services) was an important enabler or barrier to HIA operation. This will remain the case in the foreseeable future. - Highlights: ► We investigated influences on the use of HIA knowledge of four cases from Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland. ► The engagement of the public authorities assists implementation of the findings of the HIA. ► Tension continues between positivist and incrementalist approaches towards HIA.

  9. Governance and Administrative Education in South Eastern Europe: Genuine Development, Conditionality, and Hesitations

    OpenAIRE

    Koprić, Ivan

    2013-01-01

    Several governance processes have been common to the countries in South Eastern Europe. The development administrative education emancipated from traditional legal education is but one of these processes. The slow development of quality administrative education is a result of specific combination of public administrations’ demands on one hand, and supply of universities with regard to administrative education, on the other. Demands are not consolidated because there is...

  10. What Happens to Spatial and Physical Planning in Denmark after the Local Government Reform?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, Lars Overgaard; Vagnby, Bo Hellisen

    2005-01-01

    The paper explores how Danish policies and regulatory frameworks for ur-ban, rural and regional planning have evolved and changed since the implementation of the last administrative reform of the local government structure in 1970. In doing so, the paper analyses the logic of the present reform and...... how it will influence future spatial planning. Thus, the aim of the paper is to evaluate to what extent the preparatory, analytical work im-pacts on the reform and it attempts to identify the main driving forces in the reform process and the relevance of the reform in relation to spatial planning ....

  11. Questions concerning constitutional law - Lander administration on behalf of the Federal Government

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The lecture gives a basic perspective of a reform of the Laender administration on behalf of the Federal Government and first covers its nature, purpose and structure with respect to the atomic energy administration after the latest decisions of the Federal Constitutional Court. There follows a section on the constitutional and administrative reality of the Laender administration on behalf of the Federal Government as applied to atomic energy law, in which three conflict cases are pointed out. The last section gives an appraisal from the points of view of loyalty in execution, instruments of control (general administrative regulations - single directives - general directives), scope of the Laender administration on behalf of the Federal Government. It is determined whether the situations envisaged by the norms coincide with reality, where there are deficits and how they can be ameliorated by reform. As the Laender administration on behalf of the Federal Government is shaped on constitutional law it is only periphally accessible to an amendment of atomic energy law through normal legislation. (HSCH)

  12. The Nexus between Quality of Governance and Elections: Conceptual Discussion and Evidence from Local Government in Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Moreno Jaimes

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an introductory discussion on the relationship between electoral democracy and the quality of governments. It briefly reviews the main conceptual dilemmas faced by the contemporary literature when trying to define the term "quality of government", and it proposes a definition that underlines the impartiality of governmental processes, the responsiveness of governments, and their effectiveness. Based on such definition, the paper analyzes the complex relationship between democratic elections and quality of government from a theoretical perspective. Finally, it discusses the case of municipal governments in Mexico to illustrate the problems of governmental quality at the local level.

  13. Civic engagement and local government strategies for sustainable local community development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Jacob Norvig

    Across Europe more and more citizens involve in voluntary grassroots and NGO activity. Concurrently, more local and national governments express an interest in increasing collaboration with voluntary organisations. The curiosity and interest as regards voluntary labour from public bodies seems to...... regeneration with a range of participatory and collaborative measures aimed at involving local citizens in urban projects and programmes. In the paper it is discussed what motivates and drives members of voluntary community organisations (VCOs). Moreover it is discussed what is the role of volunteering in...

  14. Chairman’s government background, excess employment and government subsidies: Evidence from Chinese local state-owned enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiongyuan; Wang; Shan; Wang

    2013-01-01

    Local state-owned enterprises(SOEs) in China continue to face government interference in their operations. They are influenced both by the government’s"grabbing hand" and by its "helping hand." Our study examines how SOE chairmen with connections to government influence their firm’s employment policies and the economic consequences of overstaffing. Using a sample of China’s listed local state-owned enterprises, we find that the scale of overstaffing in these SOEs is negatively related to the firms’ political connections to government. However,this relationship turns positive when the firm’s chairman has a government background. Appointing chairmen who have government backgrounds is a mechanism through which the government can intervene in local SOEs and influence firms’ staffing decisions. We also find that in compensation for the expenses of overstaffing, local SOEs receive more government subsidies and bank loans.However, the chairmen themselves do not get increased pay or promotion opportunities for supporting overstaffing. Further analysis indicates that whereas the "grabbing hand" of government does harm to a firm’s economic performance, the "helping hand" provides only weak positive effects, and such government intervention actually reduces the efficiency of social resource allocation.

  15. Pro-Business Local Governance and (Local) Business Associations: The Case of Gaziantep

    OpenAIRE

    Bayirbag Mustafa K.

    2011-01-01

    The article investigates how major changes in national economic policies, and in associated forms of state-business relations, produce pro-business local governance arrangements. It places the emphasis on the politics of state-business relations that revolve around the distribution of public resources. It aims to explain, in particular, how these dynamics unfold in the developing countries where neoliberal reforms are implemented under conditions of political instability and weak policy capac...

  16. ROLE AND RESPONSIBILITIES OF LOCAL MANAGEMENT FOR GOVERNING AND DISPOSAL OF FUNDS FOR FINANCING OF DECENTRALIZED FUNCTIONS

    OpenAIRE

    Ivan Lukic; Branka Martic; Davor Vlaovic

    2014-01-01

    Decentralisation and devolution in conducting of public affairs from higher to lower level of government was implemented in Croatia in 2001 in elementary and secondary education, health care, social welfare and firefighting. It was not true decentralization, with the expansion of the local authority, responsibility and financial capabilities, rather mere administrative decentralization, without spreading the autonomy of the local community. Legal decentralization was not accompanied by fiscal...

  17. Organization of Local Self Governance in the Cities of Federal Level

    OpenAIRE

    Irina Starodubrovskaya; Margarita Slavgorodskaya; Sergey Zhavoronkov

    2004-01-01

    The paper deals with issues of organization of local self/governance in the intraurban areas of the cities of federal significance and considers existing theoretical approaches to development of large urban areas and their governance, an international experience of organization of governance in large cities and urban agglomerations, local self/governance practices in the cities of federal significance. The authors' recommendations are aimed at improvement of the list of local issues and power...

  18. Local Autonomy and Inter-Sector Performance-Based-Governance in Lampung Province

    OpenAIRE

    Ari Darmastuti

    2014-01-01

    The dramatic shift in the management of local government in Indonesia, from the centralised, authoritarian New Order Era to the more democratic Reformation Era since 1996, met public demands for, among other things, more accountability. Decentralised local government requires a system that allows the Central Government to supervise and, at the same time, gives local governments the capacity to carry out their duties. This paper compares the institutional capacity of three regencies in ...

  19. The Committee System for Competitive Bids in Local Government

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P Bolton

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available When a municipality contracts for goods or services, it must make use of competitive bidding / a public call for tenders for contracts over R200 000 as well as for long term contracts. A competitive bidding process generally consists of different stages, for example, compiling bid specifications, advertising the bid, the receipt and evaluation of bids, and the award and implementation of the contract. The Municipal Supply Chain Management Regulations require a municipality’s Supply Chain Management Policy to provide for a committee system to oversee the different stages. Such committee system must, moreover, consist of at least a bid specification committee, a bid evaluation committee and a bid adjudication committee. Until recently, little attention has been given by the courts to the roles and composition of the different committees in the committee system. It is only after government, and in particular, municipalities have begun to implement the committee system in their procurement processes that it is evident that problems are arising. In recent months, the courts have increasingly had to deal with issues pertaining to the implementation of the committee system.In this article, the relevant legislative provisions on the committee system for competitive bids in local government are discussed. The functions of each committee are explained and all the cases that have thus far involved the implementation of the committee system are critically analysed. Much attention is given to the cases since they serve as a warning to municipalities to uphold and comply with the rules relating to the roles and composition of the different committees. The cases illustrate how important it is for municipalities to ensure that the different committees are properly constituted and that decisions at meetings are properly taken. They also highlight the importance of the supervisory role of the municipal manager over the different committees. In light of the

  20. The Political-administrative interface in South African municipalities: Assessing the quality of local democracies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaap de Visser

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available South African municipalities experience serious challenges in dealing wit the interface between politicians and officials. Inappropriate political interference in administrative matters as well as strained relations between key political and administrative officials in the municipalities appear to be the order of the day. Oftentimes, the lack of a separation of powers between legislative and executive authority at local government level is blamed for this. This contribution has attempted to draw the attention away from the conflation of legislative and executive authority in the municipal council while still recognising it as an important background. It is suggested that, instead of spending energy on examining a possible separation of powers in local government, the relevant stakeholders (i.e. national lawmakers, municipalities and supervising provinces should consider smaller institutional changes to the governance makeup of municipalities. Even more importantly, the political and administrative leadership of municipalities and political structures that surround them should be acutely aware of the consequences that inappropriate political leadership has on the functioning of municipalities and therefore on service delivery.

  1. Governance tools in public administration and emergent trends: Contracting, citizen participation, and networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İsmail Şahin

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Fragmented and complex nature of contemporary public policy problems require governments to change their traditional public administration approaches and force public administrators to provide involvement of all actors such as private firms, non-profit organizations, and citizens in policy making and implementation. In this diverse policy environment, using governance tools such as contracting out some public services, building networks, and establishing citizen participation mechanisms are considered as essential components of this new approach. Public administrators should not act as the only problem solver, but they should be facilitators in collaborative problem solving to mobilize the other actors. Along with the benefits of using these tools, there are some challenges for public administrators. Considering these difficulties, appropriate use of these tools provides public administrators to effectively address contemporary complex problems such as terrorism, drug abuse, emergency management, and healthcare crisis.

  2. Stakeholder management in the local government decision-making area: evidences from a triangulation study with the English local government

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Corrêa Gomes

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The stakeholder theory has been in the management agenda for about thirty years and reservations about its acceptance as a comprehensive theory still remains. It was introduced as a managerial issue by the Labour Party in 1997 aiming to make public management more inclusive. This article aims to contribute to the stakeholder theory adding descriptive issues to its theoretical basis. The findings are derived from an inductive investigationcarried out with English Local Authorities, which will most likely be reproduced in other contexts. Data collection and analysis is based on a data triangulation method that involves case-studies, interviews of validation and analysis of documents. The investigation proposes a model for representing the nature of therelationships between stakeholders and the decision-making process of such organizations. The decision-making of local government organizations is in fact a stakeholder-based process in which stakeholders are empowered to exert influences due to power over and interest in the organization’s operations and outcomes.

  3. Establishing local government in fragile states: experimental evidence from Afghanistan

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    T. Jochem; I. Murtazashvili; J. Murtazashvili

    2016-01-01

    International and domestic policy makers often promote elections to establish village government in fragile states. However, two additional options are available in such countries: formalization of self-governing village councils and formalization of community development councils (CDCs). We designe

  4. Local Government Units in Indonesia: Demographic Attributes and Differences in Financial Condition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rusmin Rusmin

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This study examines the outcome of decentralisation reforms in Indonesia, focusing on the association between demographic characteristics and differences in the financial condition of local governments units. It investigates cross-sectional data pertaining to demographic characteristics and financial statements audited by the Supreme Audit Body of 419 Indonesian local government units for the fiscal year 2007. It utilises demographic attributes including scope of entity, location, tenure (date of entry, gender, human development index (HDI and size of local governments to explain differences in the financial condition of Indonesia’s local government. Local government financial condition is proxied by quick ratio, debt ratio, services ratio, and ratio of local to total revenues. The results suggest that scope and location of local government units help explain all of the financial condition variables. The findings further infer that local government units domiciled in Java tend to report better financial conditions relative to those domiciled in other islands. Our results also show that local government units with greater female populations and higher HDI are more likely to have a local authority that (1 has better ability to finance their general services from their unrestricted net assets, and (2 has greater ability to earn more revenues from local sources. Finally, this study documents that the larger the population of a local government unit, the higher its liquidity position, the stronger its ability to funding general services, and the greater its possibility earning revenues from its local sources.

  5. E-Government: Trends and Sophistication at the Local Level of Government

    OpenAIRE

    Tony Wohlers

    2008-01-01

    Innovations in information communication technologies have contributed to new forms of interaction between governments and citizens in the United States and other industrialized democracies. The adoption of these technologies at different levels of government has contributed to the emergence of electronic-government or e-government designed to communicate information, deliver services, and offer additional avenues designed to interact with and participate in government. Based on a detailed co...

  6. Study on the Administrative Accountability System: From the Perspective of the Government Information Publicity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhiyuan XUE

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available The regulation of government information publicity has been implemented for more than seven years, the effect is not good. The administrative accountability system has failed to play its proper oversight role. Currently, this system has the difficulties of ineffective work of government information publicity, the poor effect of the external accountability and limited cases caused by the government information publicity in administrative accountability. Basic principles should include matching powers with responsibilities, making liability commensurate with mistakes, and sticking to objectivity and justice. At the same time, enhancing the legal awareness of both officials and the public, improving relevant legal system, strengthening administrative ethics construction and pay attention to the role of the external accountability subject will also contribute to the healthy operation of this system.

  7. Knowledge management in local government: The case of Stellenbosch Municipality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shamin Gaffoor

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Knowledge management (KM was a well-founded management approach that held significant benefits for public sector organisations. KM as a management philosophy had an impact on various components of an organisation and it could therefore significantly advance organisational efficiency. The successful implementation of KM initiatives had to be ensured because, different organisational processes and departments had to collaborate and functional silos had to be eliminated. KM required long-term commitment and dedication from all organisational members. Furthermore, there were certain knowledge management enablers in an organisation that needed to be developed and that were necessary for the achievement of organisational effectiveness. These enablers were the organisational culture, human resources, information technology, organisational structure and, the organisation’s strategy and leadership. This article assessed each of these enablers and how they impacted on an organisation’s KM efforts. Stellenbosch Municipality was used as a case in point. The article further examined how local governments were able to effectively implement KM practices as strategic tools used to achieve service delivery and operational goals. The article concluded with a number of recommended strategies, (1 to develop the KM enablers that were present in organisations and (2 to aid the implementation of successful organisational KM initiatives.

  8. The Accounting Methods of the Local Government Department Output by Factor Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Haoyuan Zhong; Guangming Deng

    2014-01-01

    In this paper, using the 2011 national economic accounting data of the provinces, we evaluated the government department performance by factor analysis. And then calculated the local government department's total output taking advantage of the labor production efficiency. And the labor production efficiency of government department concludes the performance information. Which will improved the method of accounting government department's output by cost.

  9. Analyzing Local Government Financial Performance: Evidence from Brazilian Municipalities 2005-2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Corrêa Gomes

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Municipality size has become an issue since the New Public Management doctrine of disaggregating structures into manageable units. In some countries, this doctrine led to the creation of small-scale agencies relying heavily upon transfers from upper-level governments. This paper aims to contribute to performance management literature by providing empirical evidence about some determinant factors that are likely to endow local governments with superior financial performance. Data came from a sample of Brazilian municipalities and refers to the period 2005-2008. The main conclusion of this investigation is that larger cities are more likely to manage revenue and expenditure better than are smaller cities, which aligns with the discussion of amalgamation versus fragmentation. This conclusion stems from the findings that in small municipalities mayors have fewer conditions to improve financial performance due to the difficulty of raising and collecting taxes and of reducing expenditures, which makes their administrations far more dependent upon external sources of money. Therefore, this dependent relationship can be seen as the cause of poor financial performance to the extent that it lowers mayoral discretion when making decisions. Another contribution this paper proposes to theory and practice relates to the fact that in the strong-mayor form of local government, mayoral qualification is likely to have little effect upon performance.

  10. Lost in Translation: The Participatory Imperative and Local Water Governance in North Thailand and Southwest Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreas Neef

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Water management in Thailand and Germany has been marked by a command-and-control policy-style for decades, but has recently begun to move slowly towards more inclusive and participatory approaches. In Germany, the push for public participation stems from the recently promulgated European Union Water Framework Directive (EU WFD, while participatory and integrated river basin management in Thailand has been strongly promoted by major international donors. Drawing on case studies from two watersheds in North Thailand and Southwest Germany, this paper analyses how the participatory imperative in water governance is translated at the local level. Evidence suggests that in both countries public participation in water management is still in its infancy, with legislative and executive responsibilities being divided between a variety of state agencies and local authorities. Bureaucratic restructuring and technocratic attitudes, passive resistance on the part of administrative staff towards inclusive processes, and a trend towards the (recentralisation of responsibilities for water governance in both study regions undermines community-based and stakeholder-driven water governance institutions, thus calling into question the subsidiarity principle. State-driven participatory processes tend to remain episodic and ceremonial and have not (yet gone beyond the informative and consultative stage. Meaningful public participation, promised on paper and in speeches, gets lost in translation too often.

  11. Questions concerning constitutional law - Laender administration on behalf of the Federal Government

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The lecture deals with the interpretation of regulations on competence and organisation in the federal system the Laender administration on behalf of the Federal Government and the federal principles governing the formation of state - the legal relationship between the Federation and the Laender; the competence of the supreme federal authority for subject matters in executing federal law on behalf of the Federal Government. The following concluding statement is given: While extensive, the scope of the Federal Government in influencing the execution of federal law through the Laender in the case of the Laender administration on behalf of the Federal Government has its limits both in law and practice. In the case of atomic energy administration this situation may appear as an execution deficit from the point of view of the Federal Government. If at all desirable, redress is only conceivable via an amendment to Paragraph 85 of the Basic Law or to the specific constitutional regulations - possibly in the strengthening of the Federation through the instruments of Paragraph 85 of the Basic Law: authorization of the supreme federal authority to execute the federal law if there is an urgent public interest in this. (orig./HSCH)

  12. Public science policy and administration. [cooperation of government industry, foundations, and educational institutions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosenthal, A. H. (Editor)

    1973-01-01

    Science, the overwhelming concern of our time, is no longer a matter of private research and development but one of public policy and administration, in which government, industry, foundations, and educational institutions must all work together as never before. Few other single tasks are of such decisive importance to the collective and individual welfare of American citizens as the formulation of public science policy and the administration of scientific programs. Eleven national authorities of varied background in science, education, and government administration contribute their experience and their judgment in an effort to deal with the major aspects of the subject. Their focus is on the meeting of actual problems; they consider the decision making process in both public and public-private organizations. Topics are grouped in three general categories: personnel needs and resources, organizational problems and techniques, and the administrative role in policy leadership.

  13. Design and realization of spatial information service system for government administration of natural disaster

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Liang; Liu, Jiping; Zhu, Yi; Shi, Lihong

    2007-06-01

    The government of nearly every country have responsibility for administering the affairs of preventing and reducing the natural disasters. The geospatial character and positional connection of natural disasters information makes the geospatial information and GIS technology play a key role in government affairs increasingly. Based on project implementation and study of developing science and technology concerning reducing and preventing disasters in China, the paper is mainly on the comprehensive study of requirements analysis,construction pattern, primary assignments, main functions, important application and methods of Spatial Information Service System for Government Administration of Natural Disaster.

  14. The Reconstruction of Local Government Powers under State Governance System%国家治理体系下的地方政府权力重构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵豪

    2014-01-01

    power system of “sharing the equal responsibility and equal power between the superior and the subordinate”has greatly hindered the multicenter lateral configuration of local governments’ power. Therefore, the vertical power separation between the local governments at all levels and enhancing the government's autonomy at the local level have become the primary task of the reconstruction of local governments’ power. In addition, the State Governance System also has a great influence on the basic principles of administration law. In the new era, it should be stressed to restrict the abuse of local government powers and prevent local government wantonly breaking up the boundary of powers under the rule of law of local government power configuration. Moreover, the principle of legal hold and ultra vires invalidity will be more valuable and relevant legislation will be more perfect.

  15. 25 CFR 170.902 - What is the role of State, tribal, and local governments?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 25 Indians 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false What is the role of State, tribal, and local governments? 170.902 Section 170.902 Indians BUREAU OF INDIAN AFFAIRS, DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR LAND AND WATER... § 170.902 What is the role of State, tribal, and local governments? State, tribal, and local...

  16. Local Government Reform in Tanzania: Considerations for the Development of a System of Formula-Based Grants

    OpenAIRE

    Jameson Boex; Jorge Martinez-Vazquez

    2003-01-01

    Since 1999, Tanzania has been actively pursuing reforms of way in which the central government finances local government activities. Although local government authorities in Tanzania play a significant role in the delivery of key government services, the resources which the central government provides to the local level are tightly controlled by the central government. Based on the unique context of Tanzania’s local government reforms, the purpose of the current study is to propose a more eff...

  17. Improved ATLAS HammerCloud Monitoring for local Site Administration

    CERN Document Server

    Boehler, Michael; The ATLAS collaboration; Hoenig, Friedrich; Legger, Federica

    2015-01-01

    Every day hundreds of tests are run on the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid for the ATLAS, CMS, and LHCb experiments in order to evaluate the performance and reliability of the different computing sites. All this activity is steered, controlled, and monitored by the HammerCloud testing infrastructure. Sites with failing functionality tests are auto-excluded from the ATLAS computing grid, therefore it is essential to provide a detailed and well organized web interface for the local site administrators such that they can easily spot and promptly solve site issues. Additional functionalities have been developed to extract and visualize the most relevant information. The site administrators can now be pointed easily to major site issues which lead to site blacklisting as well as possible minor issues that are usually not conspicuous enough to warrant the blacklisting of a specific site, but can still cause undesired effects such as a non-negligible job failure rate. This contribution summarizes the different developm...

  18. Improved ATLAS HammerCloud Monitoring for local Site Administration

    CERN Document Server

    Boehler, Michael; The ATLAS collaboration; Hoenig, Friedrich; Legger, Federica; Sciacca, Francesco Giovanni; Mancinelli, Valentina

    2015-01-01

    Every day hundreds of tests are run on the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid for the ATLAS, and CMS experiments in order to evaluate the performance and reliability of the different computing sites. All this activity is steered, controlled, and monitored by the HammerCloud testing infrastructure. Sites with failing functionality tests are auto-excluded from the ATLAS computing grid, therefore it is essential to provide a detailed and well organized web interface for the local site administrators such that they can easily spot and promptly solve site issues. Additional functionality has been developed to extract and visualize the most relevant information. The site administrators can now be pointed easily to major site issues which lead to site blacklisting as well as possible minor issues that are usually not conspicuous enough to warrant the blacklisting of a specific site, but can still cause undesired effects such as a non-negligible job failure rate. This paper summarizes the different developments and optimiz...

  19. Beyond National Uniformity: Diverging Local Economic Governance Under Japan's Decentralization Reforms

    OpenAIRE

    Lee, Jung Hwan

    2010-01-01

    Well known for its centralized local economic system under the national equity principle, Japan has experimented with transforming this regional redistribution system into a new local economic system of governance for more autonomous local economic growth over the past decade. This new local economic governance has been characterized by the increasing involvement of social actors, such as large private corporations and local communities, in policy processes.This dissertation reveals that new ...

  20. Supportive environments for physical activity and the local government agenda: a South Australian example.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacDougall, Colin; Wright, Cheryl; Atkinson, Rick

    2002-01-01

    In the promotion of moderate physical activity it is increasingly argued that a supportive physical environment is a key factor, and that local government is ideally placed to play an important role. This study reports on the factors that led one local government to take such a leading role. A semi-structured interview was conducted to find out why a chief executive officer of a local government decided that the creation of supportive environments for physical activity was the core business of council. The results show that key ingredients were that local government should take a strategic rather than an operational focus on the issue, that there should be open organisational structures to allow the various functions of local government to work together, and that there must be appropriate leadership. The findings suggest ways for engaging local government as a key partner in promoting supportive environments that are consistent with literature on policy, organisational structure and leadership theory. PMID:12046147

  1. The post-2015 Global Agenda – a role for local government

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucy Slack

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Introduction:The Commonwealth Local Government Conference 2015 – Local Government 2030: Achieving the Vision is taking place at a crucial time of flux and change. The period of implementation for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs is drawing to a close, and the global community has been and indeed, still is, actively debating what should replace them. Local government is working hard to ensure that the post-2015 global development agenda reflects the important role of local government in defining, implementing and monitoring the new targets. It is a unique opportunity for local government to make its voice heard, to promote the importance of localisation in the debate, and to position local government as a key partner in the implementation of the proposed Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs.

  2. Enhancing urban governance efficiency through the e-government of Malaysian local authorities – The case of Subang Jaya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azmizam Abdul Rashid

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The electronic government (e-government initiative in Malaysia was launched to lead the country into the Information Age. The vision was for government and businesses people to work together for the benefit of the nation through improved convenience, accessibility and quality of interactions resulting from better information flows, processes, speed and quality of policy development, coordination and enforcement. This paper describes how this vision of e-government had been achieved by the Majlis Perbandaran Subang Jaya (MPSJ local authority. Seven factors were behind this success of the MPSJ’s implementation of the e-government, namely, the willingness of the local authority to commit to e-government and depart from existing ways of doing things; the willingness of the local authority’s top management to lead the way to e-government; seamless e-government services that encouraged different agencies to work closely with the MPSJ; the ICT skills building capability and capacity of the MPSJ officers; the development of an e-government public-private partnership framework; the ability of the MPSJ management to overcome cost-related problems in the implementation of e-government; and, the ability of the MPSJ management to monitor and evaluate the impact and benefits of the e-government programme in order to justify continued political and public support. The achievement notwithstanding, the paper identifies further rooms for improvement, namely, the introduction of e-submission to enable the electronic transfer and management of Computer-Aided Drawings (CAD and related documents through the creation of a Wide Area Network (WAN; and, the application of GIS (GIS-MPSJ for the computer processing of geographically referenced data.

  3. How do local governments decide on public policy in fiscal federalism?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Köthenbürger, Marko

    2011-01-01

    Previous literature widely assumes that taxes are optimized in local public finance while expenditures adjust residually. This paper endogenizes the choice of the optimization variable. In particular, it analyzes how federal policy toward local governments influences the way local governments...... decide on public policy. Unlike the usual presumption, the paper shows that local governments may choose to optimize over expenditures. The result holds when federal policy subsidizes local taxation. The results offer a new perspective of the efficiency implications of federal policy toward local...

  4. To The Question Of Concept And Signs Of The Local Government

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Levan T. Chikhladze

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available In the present article author examines concept and features of the local government, provided in three legal acts, which are significant for the development of local government in the Russian legal acts. The important factor, uniting these acts is that they all are contributed to the functioning of the local government on the principles of decentralization. A special role in the formation of a decentralized local government in Russia is played by the Russian Constitution, adopted by population vote on the December 12, 1993. Particular importance plays the provisions of Article 3 and 12 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation from 1993. Provisions of the Law "On the General Principles of Local Self-Government in the Russian Federation" dated October 6, 2003 No. 131-FZ in the definition of local self-government, based on the principles of constitutional democracy. Provisions, defining the local government in the European Charter of Local Self-Government of the October 15, 1985 focus on the implementation of the relevant local government public authorities. The Charter makes an emphasis on the organs (representative government, not on the institutions (mechanisms of direct democracy. In conclusion, author underlines, that it is crucial to recognize that the municipal activities is based on the combination of local and state interests, cooperation of local governments and public authorities. Municipal authorities, by definition, cannot act outside of the general public policy management. They are endowed with the certain state powers, have a complex powers of state-imperious nature. So, the Charter make an emphasis on this fact, that local governments regulate substantial share of public affairs.

  5. The role of local government in planning of sustainable tourism of coastal destination

    OpenAIRE

    Draženka Birkic; Ida Cubelic Pilija; Jelena Kljaic Šebrek

    2014-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to support the hypothesis The local government insufficiently uses strong mechanisms of influence in creation and implementation of sustainable development concept in the coastal destinations. Design – The special focus in this paper is given to the role and the responsibility of the local government and key stakeholders in the coastal destinations, since the local government is considered to be the most responsible for the coordination of tourism develo...

  6. Applied financial improvement planning in local governments: The case of Kitwe City Council, Zambia

    OpenAIRE

    Dauskardt, Rolf

    2000-01-01

    textabstractThe trend toward decentralisation continues, albeit unevenly, in most developing countries. Increasing decentralisation places considerable pressure on local government to manage a wider range of functions and services and to manage larger budgets, while continuing urbanisation increases both geographic and demographic service areas of local governments. In this context, sound financial management by local governments is becoming increasingly important. It is likely that the need ...

  7. Effects of Educating Local Government Officers and Healthcare and Welfare Professionals in Suicide Prevention

    OpenAIRE

    Yoshio Hirayasu; Chiaki Kawanishi; Akira Suda; Isao Kaniwa

    2012-01-01

    Suicide is a major public health issue. In Japan, local governments are responsible for suicide prevention, and local government officers are therefore expected to act as gatekeepers for suicide prevention. In this study, through a questionnaire survey, the authors examined the current knowledge and attitudes concerning suicide prevention among local government officers and healthcare and welfare professionals, and the effects of providing suicide prevention education on their knowledge of an...

  8. Federal supervisory powers in administrative action on behalf of the Federal Government

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Federal Government's authority to give instructions in matters of public administration pursuant to Art. 85 III GG has been gaining in significance over the last few years in the course of federal disputes about the licenses issued to the NUKEM company under atomic energy law, or about the licensing of the Kalkar fast breeder reactor. Proceeding from the above federal controversy about issues relating to atomic energy law, the author extends his study to the general constitutional level, investigating the provisions of the German constitution relating to the supervisory power and the authority to give instructions on the part of the Federal Government, and the rights and means of the Laender governments to defend their administrative rights. (orig.)

  9. The effects of local government investment on economic growth and employment: evidence from transitional China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Weiguo; Hou Yongjian

    2009-01-01

    Based on the panel data of 28 provinces in the year of 1987-2001,this paper examines the effects of the local government investment on economic growth and employment.The empirical result shows that the local government investment plays a significant positive role in economic growth and emplovment.However,while the proportion of local government investment to GDP had a remarkable rise after 1998.the elasticity of local government investment on economic growth declined,which shows that there is a hig room for raising the efficiency of local government mvestment.Moreover,the empirical examination shows that although local government investment had positive effect on employment,the elasticity had a decrease after 1994 when the tax-sharing system reform was put into practice.This shows that the positive role of local government investment on emplovment is also limited.This paper argues that the role of local governments as investors must be weakened,and local governments of different levels should lessen direct economic intervention and concentrate on public regulation.

  10. The post-2015 Global Agenda – a role for local government

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucy Slack

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available As the period of implementation for the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs draws to a close, the global community is actively debating what should replace them. Local government is working hard to ensure that the post-2015 global development agenda reflects the important role of local government in implementing the new targets. It is a unique opportunity for local government to make its voice heard, to promote the importance of localisation of the new targets, and to position local government as a key partner in the implementation of the new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs

  11. Women in Local Government Elections in Trinidad and Tobago 1946-2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Singh

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available “Pioneering research” is how the publication Women in Local Government Elections in Trinidad and Tobago 1946-2013 introduces itself. Indeed, the Network of NGOs of Trinidad and Tobago for the Advancement of Women has created a historic record, of the nation’s women who faced the polls at the Local Government level since the system of Local Government was extended throughout the country by virtue of the introduction of County Councils. Until 1946 Local Government was limited to the three municipalities viz: the capital city of- Port of Spain, and the boroughs of San Fernando and Arima.  

  12. Globalized Localism: Canada's Government Procurement Commitments under CETA

    OpenAIRE

    Collins, D A

    2015-01-01

    This article examines Canada’s commitments under the procurement chapter of the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) currently awaiting ratification by Canada and the European Union (EU). While the CETA’s procurement rules are substantively and procedurally similar to those of the World Trade Organization (WTO)’s Revised Government Procurement Agreement (GPA), Canada’s obligations under CETA penetrate deeply into procurement decisions at all levels of government, including notabl...

  13. Business Architecture Development at Public Administration - Insights from Government EA Method Engineering Project in Finland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valtonen, Katariina; Leppänen, Mauri

    Governments worldwide are concerned for efficient production of services to customers. To improve quality of services and to make service production more efficient, information and communication technology (ICT) is largely exploited in public administration (PA). Succeeding in this exploitation calls for large-scale planning which embraces issues from strategic to technological level. In this planning the notion of enterprise architecture (EA) is commonly applied. One of the sub-architectures of EA is business architecture (BA). BA planning is challenging in PA due to a large number of stakeholders, a wide set of customers, and solid and hierarchical structures of organizations. To support EA planning in Finland, a project to engineer a government EA (GEA) method was launched. In this chapter, we analyze the discussions and outputs of the project workshops and reflect emerged issues on current e-government literature. We bring forth insights into and suggestions for government BA and its development.

  14. Efficient and Ubiquitous Software Architecture of e-Governance for Indian Administrative Services

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Manjunatha Rao

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Designing an effective software architecture for e-governance is definitely a challenging task when it is related to Indian Administrative services. Although there were multiple set of research work conducted in the past, but majority of the prior research has focused on designing e-governance architecture for a specific issues. Hence, the proposed paper introduces an efficient architecture that supports e-governance of India on highly distributed evaluation environment considering the potential of cloud / ubiquitous computing. It is also felt that proposed framework should be rendered secure by incorporating cost effective cryptography that takes less storage and are more efficient to circumvent illegal activities and misuse of resources in e-governance application. Finally, the proposed system is compared with existing system on the basis of browsing performance, response time, and security to show that novelty nature of the software architecture.

  15. Solar Powering Your Community: A Guide for Local Governments, (Revised) August 2009

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2009-08-01

    DOE has developed this guide to help local governments design and implement local solar plans. This guide includes examples and models tested in cities. Many of the examples are results of DOE's Solar America Cities Program.

  16. How Do Local Governments Decide on Public Policy in Fiscal Federalism?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Köthenbürger, Marko

    2008-01-01

    Previous literature widely assumes that taxes are optimized in local public finance while expenditures adjust residually. This paper endogenizes the choice of the optimization variable. In particular, it analyzes how federal policy toward local governments influences the way local governments...... decide on public policy. Unlike the presumption, the paper shows that local governments may choose to optimize over expenditures. The result most notably prevails when federal policy subsidizes local fiscal effort. The results offer a new perspective of the efficiency implications of federal policy...

  17. Local sustainability indicators in Portugal: assessing implementation and use in governance contexts

    OpenAIRE

    Pires, Sara Moreno; Fidélis, Teresa

    2014-01-01

    This paper assesses the implementation and use of sustainability indicators (SI) in local governance contexts in Portugal. The need to analyse the development of local SI is considered critical, given the lack of research on the understanding of how, when and by whom SI are implemented and used, particularly in the Portuguese local governance context. The first aim of this article is to map experiences of SI in Portugal by assessing how many local councils developed indicator systems and when...

  18. Solar Powering Your Community: A Guide for Local Governments; Second Edition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2011-01-01

    DOE designed this guide "Solar Powering Your Community: A Guide for Local Governments" to assist local government officials and stakeholders in designing and implementing strategic local solar plans. The 2011 edition contains the most recent lessons and successes from the 25 Solar America Cities and other communities promoting solar energy. Because DOE recognizes that there is no one path to solar market development, this guide introduces a range of policy and program options that can help a community build a local solar infrastructure.

  19. Mobilising sustainable local government revenue in Ghana: modelling property rates and business taxes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel B Biitir

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Property rates and business operating license fees constitute the major revenue sources for local government authorities. Accurate assessment of these revenues enhances the revenue base and effectiveness of their generation. Assessment of property rates and business operating license fees have been identified as one of the limiting factors that inhibit the revenue potential of local government authorities. Assessment must obey the principles of taxation such as efficiency, equity and fairness, adequacy, administrative feasibility and political acceptability. Over the years, the Sekondi-Takoradi Metropolitan Assembly (STMA acknowledges that, it has had problems in ensuring equity and fairness in the assessment of property rates and business operating license fees. The paper reports on a computer modelling study carried out to introduce measure to ensure equity and fairness in assessing tax objects. A computer application has been developed with quantitative measures to evaluate and assess equity in tax assessment. A test run of the system has been successful and a pilot test is currently being implemented by STMA.

  20. Market Facilitation by Local Government and Firm Efficiency : Evidence from China

    OpenAIRE

    Cull, Robert; Xu, Lixin Colin; Yang, Xi; Zhou, Li-an; Zhu, Tian

    2013-01-01

    This paper uses data from a large survey of Chinese firms to investigate whether local government efforts to facilitate market development improve firm efficiency. Both government provision of information about products, markets, and innovation and government assistance in arranging loans are positively associated with firm efficiency. Those private firms with weak access to and knowledge ...

  1. ADMINISTRATIVE-POLITICAL GOVERNANCE IN RUSSIA IN CONDITIONS OF SOCIAL TENSION AGGRAVATION: BACKGROUND OF CONFLICT STATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. N. Yurchenko

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to problems of administrative and political governance in Russia in the context of social unrest. The analysis of the situation prevailing in contemporary Russian society and the factors contributing to increased social tensions. It is noted that in the current environment, the organization of the system of administrative and political governance is a key factor in the reduction of tension in the social ecology. In the process of administrative and political management of social conflict is important to consider the stage of its formation and development. The parameters of variability, the variability of political behavior in complex space is a multi-ethnic society are fixed on the basis of monitoring ethno-social interactions, as well as methods of event analysis and cognitive mapping. For sustainable development of the Russian state, there is a need for timely anticipation and prevention of dangerous trends in the growth of social tension that, in turn, indicates the need for continuous improvement of all activities of public authorities, including supervision and management. These circumstances require leadership fundamentally new approaches to the administrative and political management, based on advanced, forward-looking information, allowing you to move from reactive management to proactive government and regional regulation, in a timely manner recognizing potential threats.

  2. Local government and best practices in land resource management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The aim of this paper is to present the efforts of public administration in the correct environmental management of territorial systems. A data base and census on best practices over territory is desirable

  3. E-GOVERNMENT AND INSTITUTIONAL CHANGE: THE PROMOTION OF TRANSVERSALITY IN PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miquel Salvador

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article illustrates the connection between the organizational impact of e-Government and the concept of transversality, emphasizing in its definition the components of integration, coordination and interdepartmental communication, as well as the idea to suggest shared goals which are not specific to any area, but common to the organization as a whole. Their implementation in the field of organization, management roles and types of relationships are discussed below in a neo-institutionalist approach. The culture of transversality is posed as a reference for the promotion of e-Government strategies in public administrations.

  4. Second High Level China-France Forum on Local Government Cooperation Held

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>The Second High Level China-France Forum on Local Government Cooperation jointly sponsored by the CPAFFC,the French Guidance Committee of the Second High Level China-France Forum on Local Government Cooperation and the Municipal Government of Bordeaux was held in Bordeaux,France from November 22 to 23,2007.About 700 officials of the Chinese and French governments at various levels participated in it.During the forum,centring on the theme of harmonious society and sustainable development,the participants of the two sides had in-depth discussions on cooperation between the Chinese and French local governments in the areas of environmental protection,economic development,social harmony and ways of cooperation.The forum approved the Conclusive Document on the Second High Level China-France Forum on Local Government Cooperation and achieved a full success.

  5. Learning in Australian local government: A roadmap for improving education & training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ronald Woods

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Faced with a context of national and state reform agendas as well as resource scarcity, Australian local government has pressing workforce development issues. This level of government is small in scale, geographically dispersed and subject to variations in state jurisdiction. These factors represent structural constraints to identifying and advocating a national approach for addressing workforce needs such as the provision of tailored education and professional development. This paper documents a sector consultation process exploring education and professional development for local government which aimed to identify needs on both supply and demand sides. The research found that aspirations for education and professional development tailored to the needs of local government aim to support the development of better local governance and leadership, and to address critical skills shortage issues. This may provide empirical grounds for promoting, planning, implementing and evaluating capacity-building initiatives in this third tier of government in the Australian federation.

  6. South East Europe Municipal Finance Review : Local Government Finance in the Western Balkans

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2013-01-01

    This report addresses the limited access to local governments of data and knowledge of municipal finance issues in South East Europe (SEE). The objective of the analytical work under the SEE Municipal Finance Review (MFR) aims to (i) contribute to improved understanding of local government management and finance in the SEE Region; and (ii) contribute to improving the quality and consistency ...

  7. Mapping the Context: Insights and Issues from Local Government Development of Music Communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenny, Ailbhe

    2011-01-01

    Recent years have revealed local government to be a fundamental stakeholder in the development of arts and music communities. This article provides a context for an exploration and study of the issues, themes and dilemmas that surround local government and music communities. In particular the article provides this examination from an Irish…

  8. 41 CFR 105-50.001-2 - Political subdivision or local government.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Political subdivision or local government. 105-50.001-2 Section 105-50.001-2 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal... OR TECHNICAL SERVICES TO STATE AND LOCAL UNITS OF GOVERNMENT § 105-50.001-2 Political subdivision...

  9. CPAFFC President Li Xiaolin Heads Chinese Local Government Delegation to Kenya and Senegal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu; Qian; Tang; Ruimin

    2013-01-01

    <正>A Chinese local government delegation headed by CPAFFC President Li Xiaolin paid a friendly visit to Kenya and Senegal from November 29 to December 7,2012,at the invitation of the Kenya Local Government Association and the President of the Republic of Senegal.The

  10. Kırgızistan’da Demokratik Yerinden Yönetim: Reform Uygulamaları ve Sorunlar(Democratic Decentralization In The Kyrgyz Republic: Local Government Reform And Issues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Süreyya SAKINÇ

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available The Law “On Local Government in the Kyrgyz Republic” which was adopted after independency of the Kyrgyz Republic. The Constitution of the Kyrgyz Republic adopted in 1993 established local government as one of the components of the government power and identified that the local government in the Kyrgyz Republic is based on the principle of division of powers between the state administrations and local governments. In the first stage (1994-2001 Bishkek city was transferred to local government principles; towns of raion and Oblast subordination. The second stage of the reform is still going on. The weakness of the reform is the fiscal relations and economic base of the local governments. The positive feature of the reform is the introduction of the principles of electiveness of heads of local governments.

  11. Tunisia Urban Development and Local Governance Program : Technical Assessment Report

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2014-01-01

    In this context, the reform of the LG capital grants and municipal investment planning framework forms the main strategic actions undertaken by the government towards the implementation of its decentralization agenda recently anchored in the new Constitution adopted in January 2014. This grant system, which had operated under an ex ante system of controls, is being restructured through th...

  12. Improved ATLAS HammerCloud Monitoring for Local Site Administration

    Science.gov (United States)

    Böhler, M.; Elmsheuser, J.; Hönig, F.; Legger, F.; Mancinelli, V.; Sciacca, G.

    2015-12-01

    Every day hundreds of tests are run on the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid for the ATLAS, and CMS experiments in order to evaluate the performance and reliability of the different computing sites. All this activity is steered, controlled, and monitored by the HammerCloud testing infrastructure. Sites with failing functionality tests are auto-excluded from the ATLAS computing grid, therefore it is essential to provide a detailed and well organized web interface for the local site administrators such that they can easily spot and promptly solve site issues. Additional functionality has been developed to extract and visualize the most relevant information. The site administrators can now be pointed easily to major site issues which lead to site blacklisting as well as possible minor issues that are usually not conspicuous enough to warrant the blacklisting of a specific site, but can still cause undesired effects such as a non-negligible job failure rate. This paper summarizes the different developments and optimizations of the HammerCloud web interface and gives an overview of typical use cases.

  13. Women’s leadership in local government in the Caribbean

    OpenAIRE

    Kizzann Lee Sam

    2016-01-01

    Women and men are traditionally cast in different roles, with males being leaders in the workplace, home and government. In contrast, communities promote women as caregivers who support male leaders and shape future generations as mothers, mentors and teachers. In recognition of this societal view of women that often led to inequality and inequity, the UNDP listed Gender Equality and empowering women as one of eight Millennium Development Goals. The post-2015 Sustainable Development Goals, ad...

  14. Territory and development: Conceptual basis for local governance

    OpenAIRE

    Luis Nelson Beltrán Mora; Juan Pablo Bohórquez Montoya; Luis Ernesto Pardo Rodríguez; Luis Fernando Ramírez Hernández; Jaime Alberto Rendón Acevedo; Nestor Juan Sanabria Landazábal

    2011-01-01

    Territories are a human construction, which appears as people inhabit them. In other words, they are generated by the existence of societies, when they transform geographies into their own habitats. Thus, both public and private actors have a chance to organize their communications, interactions and conflicts with the purpose of fulfilling their own needs and desires. As such, they concur with general concepts of social science and governance as a scenario for making public decisions, as well...

  15. Rural Development in Central America : Markets, Livelihoods and Local Governance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ruben, R.; Bastiaensen, J.

    1999-01-01

    Rural development is now considered almost synonymous with involvement in market exchange. When market and institutional failures prevail, however, rural communities increasingly rely on local institutional or contractual arrangements to guarantee their livelihoods. This book offers a comprehensive

  16. Analysis of Financial Aspects of Local Self governance Reform Implementation

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    This work represents analysis of the system of interbudgetary relations in the subjects of the Russian Federation in 2007. Main attention is paid to the issue of providing municipalities with the sources of revenue needed to carry out their powers assigned to them by the Federal legislation. In particular, the authors analyse issues related to assignment to local budgets norms of tax allocations, allotment of grants and subsidies to local budgets.

  17. The Competing Dynamics and Relationships in Corporate and Local Government Agency Constructions of Place

    OpenAIRE

    Natalie Russell; Simon Adderley; Peter Stokes; Peter Scott

    2014-01-01

    This paper explores the dynamics of how private sector business entities and local government bodies perceive and interact with the identity of the locality in which they operate. It identifies tensions and differences in, and consequences of, the dynamics and relationships between how private sector business entities view constructions of ‘place’ and how government and publicly-funded place-marketing organisations portray and promote localities. These issues are examined through the phenomen...

  18. Refashioning Local Government and Inner-city Regeneration: The Salford Experience

    OpenAIRE

    Steven Henderson; Sophie Bowlby; Mike Raco

    2007-01-01

    This paper explores the role of local government in urban regeneration in England. The first part describes local-central government relations during recent decades. It concludes that 'actually occurring' regeneration fuses top-down and bottom-up priorities and preferences, as well as path dependencies created by past decisions and local relations. The second part illustrates this contention by examining the regeneration of inner-city Salford over a 25-year period. It describes Salford City C...

  19. Semantic based P2P System for local e-Government

    OpenAIRE

    Ortiz-Rodriguez, F.; Palma, R.; Villazón-Terrazas, B.

    2006-01-01

    The Electronic Government is an emerging field of applications for the Semantic Web where ontologies are becoming an important research technology. The e-Government faces considerable challenges to achieve interoperability given the semantic differences of interpretation, omplexity and width of scope. This paper addresses the importance of providing an infrastructure capable of dealing with issues such as: communications between public administrations across government and retrieval of offici...

  20. When planning new policies, local governments should take into account how much they are trusted by citizens

    OpenAIRE

    Herian, Mitchel

    2014-01-01

    While trust in the federal government may be at an all-time low, citizens still trust state and local governments. In new research using Lincoln, Nebraska, as a case study, Mitchel Herian looks at how people’s levels of trust in their local government influences their support for government activities. He finds that citizens with high levels of trust in local governments are more likely to support government involvement in human services such as health, libraries and public transport, and in ...

  1. Local Governance and Territorial Intelligence. "Development of models for comparison"

    OpenAIRE

    Machado Vial, Luiz Antonio

    2010-01-01

    This article presents a brief summary of what is meant by Governance and Territorial Intelligence and present a few reports of experiments carried out by a provision of technical assistance and rural extension - EMATER/RS-ASCAR-which became the official representative of natural rural extension service of the State of Rio Grande do Sul and has worked on a daily basis to meet the needs of rural households, in line with the model set by the State. Through the analysis of these experiences is so...

  2. ANCLI's white book about the local governance of nuclear activities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This white book is the result of the work carried out by the local commissions of information about nuclear activities (CLI) with the objective of making a common status and recommendations about 4 main topics: the clear definition of the structure and juridical status of CLI's and the acknowledgement of their competence at the local scale, the role and participation of CLI's, and of the national association of CLI's (ANCLI), in the decision processes at the national and international scale, the access of local CLI actors to expertise, and the consideration of ANCLI's opinion in the solutions proposed for the management of radioactive wastes. This last point is taken as an illustration of the previous 3 topics. (J.S.)

  3. THE PERCEPTION OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL TOURISM IN THE REGION CRISANA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BARBU IONEL

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available ment, on the development of this economic activities. We believe that a revision of an important part of approaches that have appeared in the literature in terms of the concept of rural tourism, in terms of methods of analysis of tourism activities and, not least, requiring the use modern techniques for foresight indicators by which to make assessments on these activities.From the literature we can draw a number of conditions necessary for the development of rural tourism and a number of motivations for its support.Implement policies and travel plans is the responsibility of both the administration and the private sector entrepreneurs. The public sector is responsible for policy formulation, research and planning, development of basic infrastructure, the development of certain landmarks, establishing and managing service delivery standards, establishing management measures and recovery planning and environmental protection, setting standards for training and maintaining public health and safety. The private sector is responsible for development of accommodation services, travel agency, the specific activity of commercial enterprises with tourism development and promotion of tourist attractions through specific marketing activities, based on existing infrastructure provided by government public.In this paper we try to find the difficulties, limitations of rural tourism development in Crisana region from perspective of local government.

  4. How Has Rural Tax Reform Affected Farmers and Local Governance in China?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ran Tao; Ping Qin

    2007-01-01

    Using nationally representative data, the present paper examines the impact of China's ongoing rural tax reform on farmers. The difficulties in further local governance restructuring are also discussed. It is argued that the issues associated with rural taxation and local governance in China result from inherent tension between an increasingly liberalized economic system and a still centralized political system. Although rural tax reform has helped to reduce farmers' tax burdens in the short term, the establishment of an effective local governance regime requires coordinated reforms to downsize local bureaucracy by providing social security for laid-off cadres, to strengthen local accountability by granting higher local formal tax autonomy, and to promote meaningful participation by expanding local democracy.

  5. THE ROLE OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN THE PROCESS OF ENTREPRENEURSHIP DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomasz Skica

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the role of local governments in supporting entrepreneurship development. The content of the article presents the factors which foster activities undertaken by local authorities to promote entrepreneurship and also shows different considerations of when the supporting instruments are in use. The article is also an assessment of current activities of local governments in the sphere of supporting business initiatives. It indicates potential of possible changes in local policy on supporting entrepreneurship. The article sets out areas of possible improvements in policy when stimulating economic activity by local authorities. It addresses the improvements of the objective restrictions which are laid out by the existing legal framework.

  6. Performative Actions in E-Adoption Processes: Strategic Efforts in a Local Government

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjelholt, Morten

    2015-01-01

    and variance of the specific local government. Second, a feedback loop re-attaching the localized project to the national reform program in order to maintain and protect the newly formed local practices. The study concludes that individuals actively struggle for social positions in IT adoption......In this paper the concept of performative action is introduced to address how individuals can engage in IT adoption processes. The study investigates how local government employees adopt and localize ideas from a Danish National IT initiative called eDay3. Particularly the actions of a project...

  7. Guidelines for Local Governments on Solid Waste Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Association of Counties, Washington, DC. Research Foundation.

    This document consists of ten guides on Solid Waste Management to assist local elected and appointed policy-making officials. They are entitled: Areawide Approaches; Legal Authority, Planning, Organization Design and Operation, Financing, Technical and Financial Assistance, Citizen Support, Personnel, and Action Plan and Bibliography. The guides…

  8. 40 CFR 280.105 - Local government financial test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... intergovernmental transfers (dollars)______ c. Local Revenues (dollars)______ 4. Debt Service a. Interest and fiscal... identical to the wording specified in 40 CFR part 280.105(c) as such regulations were constituted on the... services, investment earnings, sales (property, publications, etc.), intergovernmental revenues...

  9. Financing State and Local Government: Future Challenges and Opportunities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wildasin, David E.; Childress, Michael T.; Hackbart, Merl; Lynch, Lawrence K.; Martie, Charles W.

    This report focuses on state and local taxation in the state of Kentucky. It looks into what "the ideal" tax system looks like and how Kentucky's system compares, whether the current system will provide adequate revenue for the long-term, whether the tax system is efficient, how fair and equitable the tax system is, and whether the state is…

  10. Local government energy action in the UK: from service delivery to community leadership. Volume 1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In October 2006 the UK government published a new Local Government White Paper. This policy statement set the framework for the role of local government in the coming years.The White Paper is one stage in the latest wave of local government reform in the UK. This reform has aimed to refocus attention away from delivery of specific services and towards community leadership, particularly with reference to sustainable development. Climate change is given some emphasis within the White Paper, and should become one of the indicators against which local government performance is measured.This paper examines energy action in local authorities in the past few years, in a situation where most, but not all, were still strongly focused on service delivery. By contrasting this with the results achieved in authorities that have taken a community leadership role, the paper examines the potential of the White Paper. It addresses the following questions: does local government have the capacity to deliver increased local action on climate change? Does the UK policy framework support and encourage development and deployment of this capacity? And do the national and regional bodies that provide support for local authorities need to change the services they offer in light of recent policy developments?

  11. Place Branding as Efficient Management Tool for Local Government

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodica PETREA

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The economic liberalism, globalization and more recently the economic crisis are general phenomena leading to changes of territorial management practices. Within these practices, place marketing and branding are of crucial importance in promoting an image of the city and bringing some added value to a place. Although an emerging challenging problem for local authorities, few scholars are currently addressing the subject, in terms of delivering a branding modus operandi for the practitioners, be they local authorities or private agencies. The present paper conducts an in-depth analysis of the most recent writings showing how product marketing techniques apply to place marketing, with an emphasis on city branding, presenting the manner in which the place branding process was improved in two of the most representative cities of Transylvania: Sibiu and Cluj-Napoca. The paper’s main objective is to highlight the role of territorial marketing which can become, through one of its components, namely place branding, an important trigger for the local communities development by the means of strategic planning. In this respect, the present work displays an overview of some of the most illustrative theoretical models regarding city branding, an insight on the Romanian city branding process within the two aforementioned cities and, finally, some brief recommendations regarding the place and the role of branding process for local authorities. The paper assumes that although place branding is an efficient tool for promoting a territory’s identity (already proven in several European cities, Romania is at the beginning of this process. The few significant achievements (the ones from Sibiu and Cluj-Napoca being the most notable still cannot make the most of their urban identities and values, neither at national, nor at international level. Last but not least, this kind of papers might raise some awareness among local stakeholders on the importance of these

  12. Municipal Bonds. A Viable Funding Option For Oradea Local Public Administration (Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana Bunescu

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available In a market economy government resources are often insufficient to cover all the public budget needs. Public capital collecting process presents a particular interest considering the need of getting them with lower costs. The options for collecting public resources are characterized by diversity and complexity. One of them is based on municipal bonds funds. This paper explores the potential of public bonds issued at a local level in raising capital for infrastructure investments in Romanian public administration. This paper is not meant to be an empirical study at national level because sub-sovereign bonds market in Romania is not very developed. This paper is limited to a case study of public financing methods for a Romanian local public administration. Local authorities from Oradea have no other possibility without one of borrowing to achieve the objectives proposed. Thus, it resorted to a set of internal and external loans. Our study contents a comparative cost analysis of public financing by loans. The analysis lead to the result that the cheapest source of financing is the loan offered by the European Investment Bank, followed by municipal bonds issuing.

  13. Comprehensive Risk Management by Communities and Local Governments: Component III: Indicators and Other Disaster Risk Management Instruments for Communities and Local Governments

    OpenAIRE

    Herwig Hahn; Juan Carlos Villagrán de León; Ria Hidajat

    2003-01-01

    This is the last version available of the present document that was commissioned by the Natural Disaster Network of the Regional Policy Dialogue. The aim of this study is to strengthen local governments, institutions and communities for undertaking disaster risk management, and establishing their complementarity in the national disaster management system. It is important to recognize the importance of local resources and initiatives in assessing the national capacity for disaster risk managem...

  14. ASPECTS OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT EFFICIENCY IN ROMANIA. EXPORTS INCREASE AND DEVELOPMENT OF BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT AT LOCAL AND REGIONAL LEVEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George GEORGESCU

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The amelioration of the local government efficiency in Romania as prerequisite of economy’s sustainable growth largely depends on increasing exports and improving the business environment at regional and local level, factors that can help reducing the development gap. For Romania, several policies and instruments to improve local governance are proposed, firstly by increasing the absorption capacity of structural funds, which could lead to develop business and exports, implicitly to alleviate regional disparities. Nevertheless, on short and medium term, given the under-size of funds (both from the EU and national sources major changes in improving the local government efficiency are not foreseeable and, under the circumstances of international imbalances (turbulences on financial markets, uncertainties in crude oil prices, which could adversely affect the Romanian economy, attaining the objective of reducing development disparities may be jeopardized in the long run.

  15. CHDS Fellow Takes Federal Tools Back to Local Government

    OpenAIRE

    Center for Homeland Defense and Security

    2014-01-01

    Measuring the effectiveness of preparedness programs on behalf of the Federal Emergency Management Agency is a tool that 2013-2014 Center for Homeland Defense and Security Distinguished Fellow Jody Woodcock will able to utilize to improve local planning and response efforts. Woodcock will complete her one-year CHDS fellowship in August. The fellowship sends Center alumni annually to work at FEMA headquarters, giving them insight into the inner-workings of the federal agency.

  16. Public Impact. Citizen influence in local government in Iceland

    OpenAIRE

    Gunnar Helgi Kristinsson

    2009-01-01

    Considering its importance in democratic theory, public impact on public policy is a strangely neglected theme in political science. The main theoretical traditions in political science, in fact, seem sceptical of claims that the public can influence public policy in a systematic manner. The present article is an attempt to consider the ways in which public impact may be studied and evaluated through a study of citizen influence in planning and environmental issues in Icelandic local governme...

  17. Disaster Risk Management by Communities and Local Governments

    OpenAIRE

    Christina Bollin; Camilo Cárdenas; Herwig Hahn; Krishna S. Vatsa

    2003-01-01

    This study refers to disaster risk management at the local level. The topic was selected by the members of the Natural Disasters Network of the Regional Policy Dialogue, and was presented during its 3rd Meeting, on March 6 and 7, 2003. The goal of this document is to achieve a better knowledge of the best practices and benefits that disaster risk management represents for Latin America and the Caribbean. Included are comparative case studies of the Philippines, Colombia, Guatemala and Switzer...

  18. CRISIS AWARENESS OF THE MUNICIPAL DISTRICT RESIDENTS: IMPLICATION FOR CRISIS MANAGEMENT AT THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT LEVEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juraj Tej

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: This main aim of the study is to examine the crisis (emergency awareness of the population (forming an integral part of overall crisis preparedness and its role in crisis management. Frequency and impact of emergencies and disasters in recent years induce the need for effective crisis management. Although it is impossible to prevent disasters from happening, it is possible to have control over prevention and local actors' preparedness.Methodology/Approach: Primary data collection was carried out on the basis of a questionnaire survey which monitors the overall crisis awareness among the population of Kosice district, specifically awareness of concepts related to crisis management and actions within collective protection of the population. For the analysis have been chosen three areas related to crisis management processes in terms of collective protection at the discretion of local self-governments, namely evacuation, hygiene, and communication.Findings: The results showed relatively good but still not sufficient level of population awareness about concepts related to crisis management and public (civil protection activities. In response to the survey results are conceived proposals and recommendations.Research Limitation/implication: In Slovakia, the issue of crisis management is most elaborated in the business area, the area of public administration lags behind. Examination of crisis (emergency preparedness is not the current practice in our country.Originality/Value of paper: The originality and value of the study lies in the fact that it conceptually develops a theoretical framework for monitoring and assessment of residents' crisis awareness and evaluating effectiveness of crisis communication within self-government. The study represents one of the rare attempts to find out how residents of large cities (with increased population density currently perceive the necessity of knowledge in the field of crisis management.

  19. Local government and social work: guidelines for seminars and independent work of students

    OpenAIRE

    Kuznetsova, Elena

    2011-01-01

    Guidelines contain recommendations for the implementation of independent works by discipline «Local government and social work» for students specialty "Social work", seminar plans, control questions, topics reports and abstracts and the bibliography for each theme.

  20. Guidelines for administration of local anesthesia for dermatosurgery and cosmetic dermatology procedures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mysore Venkataram

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Introduction, definition, rationale and scope: Dermatosurgery and Cosmetic dermatology procedures are being performed by increasing number of dermatologists. Most dermatosurgeries are performed in an outpatient setting and as day care surgeries, under local anesthesia. Hence, it is important to improve patient comfort during all procedures. These guidelines seek to lay down directives in the use of local anesthesia, outline the different local anesthetics, the mode of administration, complications arising out of such procedure and management of the same. Facility for administration of local anesthesia: Local anesthesia is usually administered in the dermatologist′s procedure room. The room should be equipped to deal with any emergencies arising from administration of local anesthesia. Qualifications of local anesthesia administrator: Local anesthesia administrator is a person who applies or injects local anesthetic agent for causing analgesia. Procedures done under local anesthesia are classified as Level I office procedures and require the administrator to have completed a course in Basic Cardiac Life Support (BCLS. Evaluation of patients for topical or infiltrative anesthesia: Details of patient′s past medical history and history of medications should be noted. Allergy to any medications should be specifically enquired and documented. Patients for tumescent anesthesia need additional precautions to be observed as described in these guidelines. Methods of administration of local anesthesia: Different methods include topical anesthesia, field block, ring block, local infiltration and nerve block. Also, it includes use of local anesthetics for anesthetizing oral and genital mucosa. Tumescent anesthesia is a special form of local anesthesia used in liposuction and certain selected procedures. Local anesthetic agents: Different local anesthetics are available such as lignocaine, prilocaine, bupivacaine. The dermatologist should be aware of the

  1. 40 CFR Appendix A to Part 31 - Audit Requirements for State and Local Government Recipients

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the Comptroller General, dated February 27, 1981. f. Independent auditor means: (1) A State or local government auditor who meets the independence standards specified in generally accepted government auditing standards; or (2) A public accountant who meets such independence standards. g. Internal controls means...

  2. Role of 'commission locale d'information' in France from the viewpoint of nuclear regulatory governance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In France, there exist organizations called 'Commission Locale d'Information' (CLI) in all the siting areas where nuclear facilities located. Previously, the CLI organizations were established voluntarily by some local governments or nuclear utilities. Since 2006, however, the Nuclear Transparency and Safety Act has obliged the establishment of CLI in all the siting areas in conjunction with reforming the nuclear regulatory agencies. This means that the concerned local governments are officially part of nuclear safety regulation. In this study, we investigated present conditions of the CLI organizations through some interviews in France and consider their roles from the standpoint of nuclear regulatory governance. As a result, we found that the CLI plays the following roles: (1) medium of communication among concerned parties (not only between nuclear utilities and local habitants but also between the national nuclear regulatory agency and various local governments) and (2) implementing various activities in accordance with each local condition through the participation of local assembly members. In addition, we clarified that CLI's activities are supported by related institutional infrastructures, such as cost burden between central and local governments, and some other systems of citizen participation in building or expanding nuclear facilities. (author)

  3. Good Governance in Public Administration from the Perspective of the Political Factor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gina Goga

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available In its process of adhesion to the European Union, Romania was absolutely compelled to follow a wide process of local and central public administration reform that would correspond to theadhesion criteria established by the Union in view of acquiring the membership status. In Romania, the preexistent elements that made the reform process be more difficult and slow and sometimes evenstopped it, aimed at the strategic, structural and behavioral factors. Thus, the stage of the Romanian administration in 2001 imposed that the changes in the Romanian society were radical, reason for which the targets of these strategic reforms aimed at key issues, such as the strategic component, the legal component, the organizational component and the cultural component. Having a dominantpolitical culture is essential in a state that seeks to reform its public administration. Without the support of the political power, any administrative reform risks failing. In the same time, the issue of separating the political from the administration constituted one of the central points within the national public administration reforms in the last years.

  4. The Intertemporal Spending Behavior of Local Governments: A Comparative Analysis of the Scandinavian Countries

    OpenAIRE

    Borge, Lars-Erik; Dahlberg, Matz; Tovmo, Per

    2001-01-01

    The paper investigates the intertemporal spending behavior of Scandinavian local governments with particular attention to liquidity constraints imposed by balanced-budget-rules and other regulations. The main finding is that Danish local governments are more able to smooth current expenditures than their Norwegian and Swedish counterparts. Whereas the permanent-income hypothesis cannot be rejected for Denmark, it is in most cases rejected for Norway and Sweden. The Swedish system of market-ba...

  5. Corruption and misconduct: A behavioural reflection from investigative reports into local government

    OpenAIRE

    Aquinas J. Purcell

    2014-01-01

    This paper offers a local government perspective on the behavioural factors which can be the precursors for corruption and misconduct and those factors which can prevent corruption and misconduct. The investigation centred on corruption and misconduct evidenced from local government investigation reports in Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom. A corruption and misconduct taxonomy was developed and the role of the audit committee in the oversight of corruption and misconduct allegati...

  6. Local Government Level Restorative Adjudication: An Alternative Model of Justice for Children in Bangladesh

    OpenAIRE

    Muhammad Mahbubur Rahman; Borhan Uddin Khan

    2009-01-01

    Keeping the best interests of children in mind, this paper examines the prevailing restorative model of justice at local government level of Bangladesh and argues that this model, if adequately activated and reformed, can be a desirable alternative to the formal system of justice for children who come into contact or conflict with the law. In doing so, the paper outlines the historical development of local government adjudication mechanisms, analyzes the existing norms and procedure of such a...

  7. The potential of mobile phones for increasing public participation in local government in South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Thinyane, Hannah; Siebörger, Ingrid; Reynell, Edward

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a critical discussion on the current use of technology and participation in local government. It discusses the rise in popularity of mobile devices, and how they have been used in ICT for development. The paper describes the results of a baseline study undertaken in a city within Makana Municipality in the Eastern Cape of South Africa, to empirically investigate how residents are currently using mobile phones and participating with local government around th...

  8. The Governance Of Localized Knowledge: An Information Economics Approach For The Economics Of Knowledge

    OpenAIRE

    Antonelli, Cristiano

    2005-01-01

    Information economics provides important tools to articulate an economics analysis of the governance mechanisms for the generation and exploitation of localized technological knowledge. A variety of hybrid forms of knowledge governance ranging from coordinated transactions and constructed interactions to quasi-hierarchies can be found between the two unrealistic extremes of pure markets and pure organizations. The notion of localized technological knowledge as a highly heterogeneous dynamic p...

  9. Fourth High Level China-France Forum on Local Government Cooperation Held in France

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kang; Jingyuan

    2015-01-01

    To substantiate the Medium and Long-Term Plan for ChinaFrance Relations and build a strong people-to-people and cultural exchange mechanism,the Fourth High Level China-France Forumon Local Government Cooperation was held in Strasburg from November 6 to 7,2014.The Forum,jointly sponsored by the CPAFFC,the French Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development,the French National Committee of Local Government Co-

  10. Territorial Fundamentals of Local Self-governance in Russia: Basic Reform Concept

    OpenAIRE

    Drobot, Elena

    2012-01-01

    System of local self-governance in Russia has undertaken several stages of reforms. In this lecture we shall analyze several particularities of the organizational aspect of local self-governance, taking into consideration stages of reform, undertaken in Russia. And certain attention we shall pay to the example of Leningrad region and Vyborg municipal entity. Thus, we shall try to compare differences of municipal entities structure before reformation and after it.

  11. The role of external government communication on service delivery at Mangaung Local Municipality / Gino Alberts

    OpenAIRE

    Alberts, Gino

    2011-01-01

    Government’s mandate (national, provincial, and local government) requires that its communication on issues of service delivery should enhance access to information that enables the public to participate in the country’s transformation and in bettering their own lives and implementation of people–centred programmes. The primary objective of this study was to assess and determine the role of external government communication on service delivery at the Mangaung Local Municipality in the Free...

  12. Land Use Information System for Local Government: The Case of Naga City, Philippines

    OpenAIRE

    Rizalino Cruz

    2006-01-01

    This paper examines the context of land use planning and monitoring in local government. It reviews emerging trends in land use management and information system, and identifies issues and challenges facing Naga City local government in the Philippines. The paper then proposes a design solution for an information system to support and manage land use processes. It defines the user requirements for the information system, and formulates the System Architecture, which identifies the essential c...

  13. Local Government Systems and Decentralization: Evidence from Pakistan’s Devolution Plan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Shakil Ahmad

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The discourse of governance and development practitioners continues to embrace community participation and community empowerment as an elementary means of building local capacity for poverty reduction, development and change at the local level. This article is a review of the decentralization initiatives of local government systems after the announcement of the devolution plan in Pakistan. It evaluates the initiatives’ participatory methods to ascertain the extent to which they have improved the process of community development at the local level. This article also measures the impact of community empowerment on the sustainability of community-driven projects implemented under the decentralization initiative through community-based organizations known as Citizen Community Boards (CCBs. Document analysis and literature review methodologies were employed to gain further insight into the decentralization phenomenon in Pakistan. The results describe human development, improvements in community empowerment and the sustainability of local projects; however, the sense of community has yet to be translated into shared benefits for rural communities. The fundamental goal of decentralization seems to be elusive because only power was transferred to the local level, whereas there is little support for community capacity building and community access to resources and the elites still control the electoral process. It is argued that community development initiatives in Pakistan require continuous support from local governments to boost local rural economies. Likewise, community-local government participatory development strategies can lead to strong local ownership and empowerment in rural communities.

  14. The Problem and Opportunities Faced by New Local Government Ordinance 2013. Case of B.A.O.

    OpenAIRE

    Naveed Saif; Shafiq ur Rehman; Muh Saqib Khan; Khalid Rehman; Aziz Javed; Ahmad Ali

    2013-01-01

    KPK government on 1 January announced new local government ordinance 2013. In this respect, the provincial government promulgated Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Local Government Act 2012 with effect from January 1, 2013. Under the Act, district councils and municipal committees in all 25 districts of the province and Municipal Corporation in Peshawar would be established from the start of the new calendar year. According to this new system the new local government ordinance bring some problems of acute n...

  15. Making central-local relations work:Comparing America and China environmental governance systems

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dan GUTTMAN; SONG Yaqin

    2007-01-01

    The challenge of making central requirements work at local levels is a common problem for environmental governance throughout the world.Countries can learn from one another's approaches,but must understand the local con text in which they are set.This paper compares the features of the China and US environmental governance systems that need be understood by those working between the systems.Key features include:(1) common values which shape the environmental governance choices in both countries,but which may have different practical meanings in each country;(2) America's common law-based environmental governance system,and China's civil law system,which involves plan(s)as well as law;(3) America's Federal central-local system,and China's unitary central local system.This paper concludes by suggesting areas in which further comparative understanding may be of value,including:(1) better under standing of the role of plan and law in China's governance system;(2) comparing the American Federal-state agreement system for implementation of environmental law with the China central-local system of target responsibility agreements for plan implementation;(3) improving understanding of nongovernmental resources needed to assure compliance with environmental laws and plans;(4) identifying institutions that can coordinate central-local and cross-border environmental governance.

  16. Effects of Educating Local Government Officers and Healthcare and Welfare Professionals in Suicide Prevention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoshio Hirayasu

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Suicide is a major public health issue. In Japan, local governments are responsible for suicide prevention, and local government officers are therefore expected to act as gatekeepers for suicide prevention. In this study, through a questionnaire survey, the authors examined the current knowledge and attitudes concerning suicide prevention among local government officers and healthcare and welfare professionals, and the effects of providing suicide prevention education on their knowledge of and attitudes toward suicide and its prevention. One hundred eighty-three local government officers and 432 healthcare/welfare professionals completed the survey before and after a single education session. Before the session, the local government officers and healthcare/welfare professionals showed mainly positive attitudes toward suicide prevention efforts, with little difference between the two groups. After the training, knowledge and attitudes were further improved for most questionnaire items. Respondents with one or more experiences of suicide prevention training showed significantly more knowledge and positive attitudes before the training than those with no such experience. Moreover, knowledge of depression and having a sympathetic attitude were found to be especially associated with the overall attitude that “suicide can be prevented”. Training in suicide prevention was shown to be effective in promoting appropriate knowledge and attitudes among local government officers and healthcare/welfare professionals who are gatekeepers for preventing suicide. Our findings confirm the importance of suicide prevention education, and will contribute to creating a standard educational program on suicide prevention in Japan.

  17. OVERVIEW OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT IN LOCAL PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    In Romania and other Eastern European countries, the administrative reform was often understood just as the adoption of new laws and regulations; the only instrument of administrative changes being located in the legislation. There were taken ideas, policies, procedures, laws, without properly articulated prior studies and without adaptation to the Romanian reality. Different administrative systems, different cultures, practices and different legal systems have created or create different con...

  18. Good Governance in Public Administration from the Perspective of the Political Factor

    OpenAIRE

    Gina Goga

    2009-01-01

    In its process of adhesion to the European Union, Romania was absolutely compelled to follow a wide process of local and central public administration reform that would correspond to theadhesion criteria established by the Union in view of acquiring the membership status. In Romania, the preexistent elements that made the reform process be more difficult and slow and sometimes evenstopped it, aimed at the strategic, structural and behavioral factors. Thus, the stage of the Romanian administra...

  19. Tributes imposed on tourists as a new-old source of local governments income

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcin BURZEC

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The growth in a number of tourists and, consequently, a larger income obtained from tourism by the state led to the situation when the previously marginalized tributes imposed on tourists by local governments have assumed greater significance. Additional revenues to local units’ budgets, gained from the above-mentioned tributes, are often allotted for better infrastructure and tourist promotion, thereby contributing to the increased tourist competitiveness. The present paper discusses the construction of levies imposed on tourists by local governments in various European states. Besides, the issues of how local governments can influence the construction of the tax within the frames of the granted tax autonomy are examined. Due to the fact that in many European countries burdens imposed on tourists by local units can be called taxes, fees or other levies, the term „tribute”, as a broader one including all statutory charges, is intentionally used in the present paper.

  20. Improving the quality of governance. A multiunit organization takes steps to strengthen local boards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prybil, L; Kelly, J; Ballance, X

    1992-10-01

    "A Plan for the Healthcare Apostolate," adopted in 1981, established goals and strategies to strengthen the Daughters of Charity National Health System-East Central (DCNHS-East Central). The plan provided the basis for a series of steps taken during the past decade to improve local-level governance. DCNHS-East Central has taken actions in the areas of board composition, trustee orientation and development, board leadership, definitions of governance roles and responsibilities, and performance evaluation. These steps have resulted in substantial improvement in the performance of local-level governance functions within DCNHS-East Central. PMID:10121480

  1. A New Approach to a Local E-Government Portal for Information Management and Deep Searching

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YANG Rui; CHEN Nengcheng; LIU Zhixue

    2006-01-01

    The paper introduces a new approach, that is, semantic Web techniques, to shed a new light on the solutions for local e-government information portal. After taking the comparison between traditional approaches and semantic approaches, the design of architecture and components of a local e-government information portal are illustrated in details based on semantic technologies. The paper also researches on the core technologies of implementation of the new approach, including the definition of e-government information portal Ontologies and searching algorithms.

  2. Reforming Education Governance Through Local Capacity-building : A Case Study of the “Learning Locally” Programme in Germany

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    This report is an assessment of the programme "Lernen vor Ort" [LvO – "Learning Locally"] initiated by the German federal government in order to support the development of local governance structures in education. LvO ran between 2009 and 2014 in about 40 participating local governments, which were chosen in a competitive process. It aimed at promoting cooperation between local governments and civil society stakeholders, creating sustainable structures in educational monitoring, management an...

  3. Income of Local Budgets as a Tool of Ensuring Powers of Self-Governance Bodies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lamskyy Maksym D.

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The goal of the article lies in the study, analysis and assessment of the state of income of local budgets. The article identifies main sources of income of local budgets in Ukraine and their importance in formation of main money funds of the local self-governance bodies. It studies problems of scantiness of the income part of budgets in the process of performance of powers by the local bodies of authority. It identifies and analyses changes and reforms after introduction of the Tax Code, which did not provide solution of the issue of sufficiency of the income part of the financial resource of local self-governance. In the result of the study the article gives recommendations with respect to a possibility of expansion of the income base of local budgets for financing both the social and economic directions by local authorities. It develops specific proposals on strengthening the financial base of regions.

  4. The role of local government in redressing neighbourhood disadvantage: A case study from Penrith City Council

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jason Prior

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available The concentration of disadvantage in specific neighbourhoods is a widespread characteristic of many Australian cities. A broad range of policies and programs which utilize integrated forms of governance have been designed and implemented to redress this. Within the state of New South Wales, Australia, local governments have been identified as being amongst the most effective drivers for these integrated governance approaches. Utilizing a case study of the Penrith Neighbourhood Renewal Program, this paper explores recent attempts by Penrith City Council to develop a framework to redress neighbourhood disadvantage, firstly by establishing an integrated governance framework for the program, and secondly by transforming the council’s operational structure.

  5. Changing Framework of Local Governance and Community Participation in Elementary Education in India. Research Monograph No. 35

    Science.gov (United States)

    Govinda, R; Bandyopadhyay, Madhumita

    2010-01-01

    In recent years, strengthening and better functioning of local governance have become prime concerns of educational reform agenda. Establishment of effective local governance has been part of overall changes in educational governance for several years in many countries including India. It is now widely recognized that effective local governance…

  6. INVOLVEMENT OF LOCAL PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF RURAL TOURISM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ionel Barbu

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we try to show the perception of the main stakeholder on the rural tourism field, local government, on the development of this economic activities. We believe that a revision of an important part of approaches that have appeared in the literature in terms of the concept of rural tourism, in terms of methods of analysis of tourism activities and, not least, requiring the use modern techniques for foresight indicators by which to make assessments on these activities.The local public administration is responsible for policy formulation, research and planning, development of basic infrastructure, the development of certain landmarks, establishing and managing service delivery standards, establishing management measures and recovery planning and environmental protection, setting standards for training and improving employment, setting standards for maintaining public health and safety.In this paper we try to show as well the main factors of the emergence and development of rural tourism in order to establish priorities in the joint action of local people, entrepreneurs, tourists and local and national administrations. In many countries, the tourism industry fall within government priority. Tourism has been identified as one of the primary industries with potential to support local communities in developing economic diversity. In this research, it was also used descriptive analysis of the variables and comparative analysis using Kruskal-Wallis H and Mann-Whitney U test.Kruskal-Wallis H test. The Kruskall-Wallis test aims at comparing several independent samples when, as is the case of our research, the dependent variable is ordinal. The test is based on rank and hierarchy of data analysis. Scores are ranked from lowest to highest, ignoring the groups they belong to, and then calculate the sum of ranks for each of the groups. The question refers to how much respondents considered that are due to the development of rural tourism

  7. Local Good Governance Sustainability: Roles of Civil Society in Surakarta City, Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TEGUH YUWONO

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Civil society role is often seen as less powerful agent in forming or maintaining good governance than two dominant agents (state and private actors. This re- search is intended to have knowledge whether civil society can play important roles in forming and maintaining local good governance in Surakarta City, Indonesia. The main objective of this research is to find what kinds of innovations or roles conducted by civil society of Surakarta City to sustainably maintain local good governance. The research method occupies qualitative type which is best suitable to deeply discover processes or contexts behind the phenomena stud- ied. In depth interview, observation and FGD are used to collect data. Method of triangulation is also used to guarantee validity and reliability of data collected. Research results show that roles of civil society for sustainable local governance strongly take place in Surakarta city. The civil society (both formally and infor- mally associations or persons in Surakarta city plays very pivotal roles in six sustainable elements, namely (1 by influencing policy analysis and advocacy; (2 by controlling regulations; (3 by monitoring local government actions and behavior of staff officials; (4 by enabling citizens to identify and articulate their values, beliefs, civic norms and democratic practices; (5 by mobilizing vulnerable and marginalized masses to participate more fully in politics and public affairs and finally (6 by establishing participatory development work to improve their own better life. Interestingly, there are two new factors found in the research in deter- mining the success of sustainability of local good governance practices in Surakarta, namely informal networking or communication and spirit of togetherness. The existence of civil society (especially the informal one in Surakarta City is a strong pillar for sustainable local good governance practices. Maintaining this strong civil society role will make it

  8. Activity territorial community as a condition of operation of local self-government

    OpenAIRE

    Яценко, М. А.

    2015-01-01

    The article aims to show the essence of the local community as the subject of local self-government. Revealed the formation and optimization of the conditions of the territorial communities. Also, in this paper we study questions features inherent in the territorial communities, the activity of the territorial communities, the main types of behavior.

  9. Friendship Activities in Brief——Sixth China-Japan-Korea Local Government Exchange Meeting

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    Invited by the Council of Local Authorities for International Relations of Japan,a 50-member Chinese delegation headed by Wang Yunze,vice president of the CPAFFC and the China International Friendship Cities Association attended the Sixth China-Japan-Korea Local Government Exchange Meeting in Niigata,

  10. 48 CFR 970.2903-2 - Application of State and local taxes to the Government.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... exemptions from state and local taxes to which it is entitled under the Federal Constitution or state laws... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Application of State and local taxes to the Government. 970.2903-2 Section 970.2903-2 Federal Acquisition Regulations...

  11. Fiscal Containment and Local Government Finance in the U.K.

    OpenAIRE

    Jackson, Peter

    1983-01-01

    Working Paper No. 89 is published as "Fiscal Containment and Local Government Finance in the U.K.". In Edward M. Gramlich and Bengt-Christer Ysander (eds.), Control of Local Covernment. IUI Conference Reports 1985:1. Stockholm: Industrial Institute for Economic and Social Research, 1985.

  12. Local Autonomy and Inter-Sector Performance-Based-Governance in Lampung Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ari Darmastuti

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The dramatic shift in the management of local government in Indonesia, from the centralised, authoritarian New Order Era to the more democratic Reformation Era since 1996, met public demands for, among other things, more accountability. Decentralised local government requires a system that allows the Central Government to supervise and, at the same time, gives local governments the capacity to carry out their duties. This paper compares the institutional capacity of three regencies in Lampung using a ten-part inter-sector performance evaluation method developed by the Sustainable Capacity Building for Decentralization , project funded by the Indonesian Ministry of Home Affairs. Three separate surveys between 2007-2011 used the data from a 10% sample of all civil servants in each rank. We show that local government institutional capacities in Lampung Province differ not only regionally, but also within inter-sectors functions. All three regencies performed poorly in the inter-sector function of information and communication, and all three performed best in procurement of goods and services. In terms of local autonomy, the single recipe of symmetric decentralization which applies similarly all over Indonesia, needs to be replaced, we suggest, with asymmetric decentralization, which is more suited to the local governments’ varied institutional needs.

  13. Assessment of the Turkish Local e-Governments: An empirical study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aykut Arslan

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available In this research, we first evaluated the current practices of the Turkish local e-governments. Then, building upon an earlier study of local e-governments in Europe (Key Elements for Electronic Local Authorities’ Networks [KEeLAN], 2002, we compared the Turkish local e-government stages with their European counterparts to give a broader perspective. The basic framework focuses on the evaluation of current practices on the supply side (government, rather than the demand side (citizen. The emphasis of this research is on the evaluation of each web site in terms of nine basic public services (additional sub-services available comprised of policy making, economic development, personal documents, credit and loans/financial support, education, building permits, environment, culture and leisure, and information dissemination. It is assumed that at least four of those services (randomly are supplied in a local context among the Member Countries, including Turkey. We suggest the results might provide a deeper understanding of local e-governments in Turkey and lend support to advances in this under-researched area.

  14. Network approach for local and community governance of energy: The case of Oxfordshire

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    One of the many barriers to the incorporation of local and community actors in emerging energy governance structures and policy delivery mechanisms is the lack of thorough understanding of how they work in practice, and how best to support and develop effective local energy governance. Taking a meso-level perspective and a network approach to governance, this paper sheds some new light on this issue, by focusing on the relation, channels of communication and interactions between low carbon community groups (LCCGs) and other actors. Based on data gathered from LCCGs in Oxfordshire, UK, via network survey and interviews the research maps the relations in terms of the exchanges of information and financial support, and presents a relation-based structure of local energy governance. Analysis reveals the intensity of energy related information exchanges that is taking place at the county level and highlights the centrality of intermediary organization in facilitating information flow. The analysis also identifies actors that are not very dominant in their amount of exchanges, but fill ‘weak-tie’ functions between otherwise disconnected LCCGs or other actors in the network. As an analytical tool the analysis could be useful for various state and non-state actors that want to better understand and support – financially and otherwise – actors that enable energy related local action. - Highlights: • We used social network analysis to examine local and community governance of energy. • We examined information and financial support flow within the network. • Analysis highlights central and peripheral actors in the local governance structure. • The findings highlight the central role intermediary organizations have in local governance structures

  15. Analysis of relationship between the local governments and the power companies through the changes of safety agreements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In Japan, safety of nuclear facilities is regulated by the central government and local governments are responsible for protecting the local public. To operate nuclear facilities in local communities, local governments would conclude safety agreements with power companies. In recent years, local governments have used the safety agreements as excuse for delaying the operations of nuclear facilities. The legal basis of the safety agreements was questioned by some who considered that this was the cause of the stranded relationship between local governments and power companies, and in some cases, the interrupted nature of electricity supply. To understand the sources of this difficult relationship, safety agreements must be analyzed, although these documents may have undergone revisions, and various regulations may have changed. By analyzing the safety agreements and revisions, we found that the relationship between local governments and power companies gradually changed over time, which can be divided into the following 3 stages: (1) in the early 70s, the dawn stage when local governments groped with the situation of nuclear facilities built in their communities; (2) from late 70s to 90s, the stage when local governments demanded information, and (3) from late 90s to present, the stage when local governments demand information and trustworthiness. This paper shows the results of analyzing the relationship changes between local governments and power companies. We conclude that viewpoints of local governments on nuclear power evolve, as social responsibilities of power companies stipulated in safety agreements also evolve over time. (author)

  16. Power reconfigurations and local government: affect and tension that reinvent the state

    OpenAIRE

    Jimena Lynch Cisneros

    2012-01-01

    Local state structure and local government (gestion) are shaped by spaces and personalities whose political and social relations generate unexpected effects. In this article, I explore this dynamic through an ethnography conducted with local municipal authorities at a swearing-in ceremony for the Urubamba Provincial Council (Junta) of Chicha Producers (Ajawasis) and a Carnaval Fiesta sponsored by the municipality. Specifically, the article analyzes how affects, histories, rumors and memories ...

  17. Fiscal and spending behavior of local governments : Identification of price effects when prices are not observed

    OpenAIRE

    Aaberge, Rolf; Langørgen, Audun

    2003-01-01

    Abstract. This paper analyzes local public fiscal and spending behavior in a setting where local governments, represented by the dominant party or coalition, are treated as utility maximizing agents. The econometric analysis, which is based on a modified version of ELES, recognizes total spending as well as total income as endogenous variables. Identification of the price effects is achieved by utilizing data on environmental cost factors and local tastes. The performance of th...

  18. Material power or normative conflict : determinants of the interaction between global and local agrifood governance

    OpenAIRE

    Fuchs, Doris; Glaab, Katharina

    2010-01-01

    "We witness a constant interaction of global and local forces in the global agrifood system. This paper develops an analytical framework for the identification of the relative impact of these global versus local forces on the sustainability of the agrifood system. In pursuit of its objectives, the framework highlights material and ideational sources of power as important determinants of how the contest between global and local actors and norms in global agrifood governance plays out. With ...

  19. Transformation from below in Bolivia and Bangladesh: decentralization, local governance, and systemic change

    OpenAIRE

    Faguet, Jean-Paul

    2015-01-01

    I examine decentralization through the lens of the local dynamics it unleashed in the much-noted case of Bolivia and the less-noted case of Bangladesh. I argue that the national effects of decentralization are largely the sum of its local-level effects. Hence to understand decentralization we must first understand how local government works. This implies analysing not only decentralization, but also democracy, from the bottom up. Beginning with Bolivia, I explore the deep economic and institu...

  20. Bright Prospect of East Africa——A Chinese Local Government Delegation Visits Uganda and Tanzania

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang; Jigang; Li; Yanwen; Zhang; Peng

    2014-01-01

    <正>A Chinese Local Government Delegation headed by Xia Geng,Deputy Governor of Shandong Province,was sent by the CPAFFC to attend the China-East African Community Local Governors and Mayors Dialogue in Kampala,Uganda and the ChinaTanzania Local Governors and Mayors Dialogue in Dar es Salaam,Tanzania.It consisted of more than 80 members from six cities of four provinces—Shandong,Liaoning,Shaanxi and Ji-

  1. Local governments' roles of the compensation for damage by the Tokai JCO criticality accident

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Tokai JCO criticality accident on September 30, 1999 was the first case to which The Law on Compensation for Nuclear Damage was applied. Although the Law on Compensation for Nuclear Damage formulates the outline of the institutional framework for nuclear third party liability together with operator's insurance scheme, details of actual compensation procedure are not specified. By this reason, the compensation procedure in the Tokai accident had been executed without a concrete legal specification and a precedent. In spite of this situation, the compensation procedure with the accident led to an unexpectedly successful result. We observe the several reasons why the compensation procedure was implemented successfully despite the lack of concrete legal specification and a precedent. One of the reasons is that the local governments, Tokai Village and Ibaraki Prefecture, immediately took the leadership in implementing a temporary regime of compensation procedure without wasting time for waiting national government's directives. Upon practicing this compensation procedure, the local governments implemented the following steps. (1) Initial estimation of the amount and scope of damage. (2) Providing the criteria and heads of damage subject to compensation. (3) Unitary compensation procedure at the local levels. (4) Distribution of emergency payments for the victims. (5) Facilitating compensatory negotiation between the victims and JCO as arbitrator. However, some concerns are also pointed out about the fact that the local government directed the whole procedure without sufficient adjustment with the national government for compensation policy. Among all, in the compensation led by the local governments, it was difficult to guarantee fairness of compensation because victims who are influential on the local government such as industrial associations would have unfairly strong negotiation power in the compensatory negotiation, while the operator being responsible for the

  2. 76 FR 18144 - Committees on Administration & Management, Collaborative Governance, and Judicial Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    ...; ] ADMINISTRATIVE CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Committees on Administration & Management, Collaborative... meetings of three committees of the Assembly of the Administrative Conference of the United States (ACUS...: Committee on Administration & Management The Committee on Administration & Management will meet to discuss...

  3. Inter-local government collaboration and perceived transaction costs in Indonesian metropolitan transport planning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Miharja, Miming; Woltjer, Johan

    2010-01-01

    The Indonesian reformation of 1998 marked a fundamental turning point of this country's democracy. In the administrative sector, the so-called Decentralisation Act 22/1999 was enacted to reform a formerly centralistic system. A strong central government used to maintain a hierarchical spatial planni

  4. E-participation and Climate Change in Europe: An analysis of local government practices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Yetano

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Citizens are demanding greater transparency and accountability from their governments, and seek to participate in shaping the policies that affect their lives. The diffusion of the Internet has raised expectations that electronic tools may increase citizen participation in government decision-making and stop the decline of trust in political institutions. This paper brings together two relevant topics, e-participation and climate change, analyzing the websites of the environment departments of European local governments that have signed the Aalborg+10 commitments, in order to establish to what extent European local governments are making use of the Internet to promote e-participation and environmentally-friendly behaviors among their citizens. Our results show that the developments on e-participation are higher in transparency than interactivity. The Internet as a tool to revitalize the public sphere is still limited to those countries with higher levels of transparency, and penetration of ICTs and a culture of citizen engagement.

  5. The Local Response to Tax Limitation Measures: Do Local Governments Manipulate Voters to Increase Revenues?

    OpenAIRE

    Figlio, David N.; O'Sullivan, Arthur

    2001-01-01

    This paper provides evidence that some cities subject to a statewide tax limit manipulate their mix of productive and administrative services in an attempt to get voters to override the statewide limit. When a statewide limit reduces a city's budget, one manipulative response is to cut "service" inputs (for example, teachers or uniformed police officers) by a relatively large amount, while cutting administrative inputs by a relatively small amount. This approach reveals a relatively large tra...

  6. Surveying the Adoption of FLOSS by Public Administration Local Organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Tosi, Davide; Lavazza, Luigi; Morasca, Sandro; Chiappa, Marco

    2015-01-01

    Part 4: Adoption, Use, and Impact International audience Background. The introduction of Open Source Software technologies in the Public Administration plays a key role in the spread of Open Source Software. The state of the art in the adoption of Open Source Software solutions in the Public Administration is not very well known even in areas like Lombardy, which is Italy’s largest and most developed region.Goal. The goal of the investigation documented in this paper is to obtain a clea...

  7. Where is the Organisational Memory? A Tale of Local Government Employees in Ghana

    OpenAIRE

    Hamza Bukari Zakaria, Aminu Mamman

    2015-01-01

    This article examines the dual effects of certain variables that affect organisational memory loss and organisational learning in local government authorities in Ghana. Analysing data from a case study, the paper argues that plausible enablers of organisational learning could also constrain the storage and utilization of organisational knowledge. We found that unpredictable staff transfers caused by central governments’ management of employees at sub national level in addition to a poor cul...

  8. Developing an analytical framework for the analysis of national and local governance processes in integrated care

    OpenAIRE

    2008-01-01

    Introduction Transferring successful policy concepts between countries has proved to be difficult. Neo-institutional concepts are helpful to understand governance processes within their contexts. Aims and objectives The study aimed at developing generalisable tools—usable for researchers as well as managers or policy-makers—for the analysis and comparison of diverse governance situations regarding integrated care. Methods Outcomes of a transnational comparative project on national and local g...

  9. Decentralization and local government in Bolivia : an overview from the bottom up

    OpenAIRE

    Faguet, Jean-Paul

    2003-01-01

    Hundreds of studies have failed to establish the effects of decentralization on a number of important policy goals. This paper examines the remarkable case of Bolivia to explore decentralization's effects on government responsiveness and poverty-orientation. I first summarize econometric results on the effects of decentralization nationally, and then turn to qualitative research – the focus of the paper – that digs deep into local government processes to understand how decentralization did th...

  10. Learning in Australian local government: A roadmap for improving education & training

    OpenAIRE

    Woods, Ronald; Artist, Sarah; O’Connor, Geraldine

    2016-01-01

    Faced with a context of national and state reform agendas as well as resource scarcity, Australian local government has pressing workforce development issues. This level of government is small in scale, geographically dispersed and subject to variations in state jurisdiction. These factors represent structural constraints to identifying and advocating a national approach for addressing workforce needs such as the provision of tailored education and professional development. This paper documen...

  11. ASPECTS REGARDING IMPLICATIONS OF ASSOCIATIVE STRUCTURES FOR LOCAL DEVELOPMENT IN PROMOTING AND STRENGTHENING OF MULTILEVEL GOVERNANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihai Cristian APOSTOLACHE

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The need for the development of local communities in terms of economic and social policy-making requires finding answers institutional and public policy context in which the company is located. More and more the focus is on partnership and cooperation between the various actors of public life, on the involvement of private capital in local investment, on the establishment of companies to boost the joint venture or the establishment of local action groups to train both local public administration, the local economic environment, local non -governmental entities and other persons concerned in the design, implementation and completion of local development projects financed from European funds. The projects for local communities will receive support from the increasingly pronounced from the European Union, having regard to the fact that through the development of local communities will strengthen the European project.

  12. Local Government Level Restorative Adjudication: An Alternative Model of Justice for Children in Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Mahbubur Rahman

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Keeping the best interests of children in mind, this paper examines the prevailing restorative model of justice at local government level of Bangladesh and argues that this model, if adequately activated and reformed, can be a desirable alternative to the formal system of justice for children who come into contact or conflict with the law. In doing so, the paper outlines the historical development of local government adjudication mechanisms, analyzes the existing norms and procedure of such adjudication, outlines the potential of such adjudication bodies as viable alternatives to juvenile courts in protecting the best interests of children, sets out the shortcomings of the local government bodies and the challenges involved in capturing their potential, and finally suggests a number of ways in which the model could be improved.

  13. Corruption and misconduct: A behavioural reflection from investigative reports into local government

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aquinas J. Purcell

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper offers a local government perspective on the behavioural factors which can be the precursors for corruption and misconduct and those factors which can prevent corruption and misconduct. The investigation centred on corruption and misconduct evidenced from local government investigation reports in Australia, New Zealand and the United Kingdom. A corruption and misconduct taxonomy was developed and the role of the audit committee in the oversight of corruption and misconduct allegations in local government was empirically tested. The empirical findings indicated low support for an audit committee managing corruption and misconduct allegations. The qualitative research found that a robust culture of zero tolerance of corruption and misconduct was one of the best ways to keep a council honest.

  14. THE EFFECTS OF THE ASYMMETRY, THEPOLITICAL AND THE CULTURAL INFORMATION ONTHE BUDGETARY PARTICIPATION AND BUDGETARY SLACK IN THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Haliah; Gagaring; Mediaty; Mushar

    2015-01-01

    The aim of this study is to investigate the effects ofthe asymmetry, the political and the cultural informationon the budgetary participation and budgetary slack in the local government. Population as well as a unit of analysis in this study are all local governments in the province of South Sulawesi with 25 local authorities in the Local governance Work Unit (SKPD) that make up the budget as much as 803SKPD. The sampling technique used was purposive sampling with the SK...

  15. Spatiality of Local Governments in European Intermediate Urban Regions: A Methodological Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Breuer Christophe

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Local authorities are central actors in the governance of European intermediate urban regions. In this paper, we propose a methodology to analyse the fragmentation of local authorities within 119 urban regions. We tested several European databases to create indicators of fragmentation and to develop a typology of fragmentation within cities. Our results show that the Eurostat Cities programme gives a consistent spatial definition of urban regions and that their fragmentation is mainly influenced by national contexts. The developed methodology is a contribution to the debate on territorial reforms and urban governance transformations.

  16. The Wage Penalty for State and Local Government Employees in New England

    OpenAIRE

    Jeffrey Thompson; John Schmitt

    2010-01-01

    The authors demonstrate that the average state or local government worker earns higher wages than the average private-sector worker—but only because they are, on average, older and substantially better educated. More than half of state and local government employees in New England have a four-year college degree or more, and 30% have an advanced degree. By contrast, only 38% of private-sector workers have a four-year college degree or more; and only 13% have an advanced degree. The wage gap b...

  17. Income of Local Budgets as a Tool of Ensuring Powers of Self-Governance Bodies

    OpenAIRE

    Lamskyy Maksym D.

    2013-01-01

    The goal of the article lies in the study, analysis and assessment of the state of income of local budgets. The article identifies main sources of income of local budgets in Ukraine and their importance in formation of main money funds of the local self-governance bodies. It studies problems of scantiness of the income part of budgets in the process of performance of powers by the local bodies of authority. It identifies and analyses changes and reforms after introduction of the Tax Code, whi...

  18. Assessing Local Administrations In Respect Of Public Relations: Eskişehir Tepebaşi Muncipality Sample

    OpenAIRE

    Sevil Uzoğlu Bayçu; Sezen Ünlü; Canan Uluyağcı

    2011-01-01

    Today, local administrations have an important position in societies. Concepts particularly including participation, citizen orientation and transparence started to gain important position within management approach. Accordingly, local administration restructuring gained significance.Local administration services should be managed in a professional manner. Good servicing, satisfaction of the local community from the services offered and trouble-free performance of works related with local adm...

  19. Local Governments Supporting Local Energy Initiatives: Lessons from the Best Practices of Saerbeck (Germany and Lochem (The Netherlands

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Hoppe

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The social dimension of the transition to a low carbon economy is a key challenge to cities. The establishment of local energy initiatives (LEIs has recently been attracting attention. It is of great importance to draw lessons from best practices when LEIs have been facilitated by local governments and made a substantial contribution to greening local energy systems. The main research questions in this paper are: What lessons can be drawn from successful local low carbon energy transition cases, and which strategies proved successful to support LEIs? We have used analytical notions from the Strategic Niche Management (SNM and grassroots innovation literature to analyze two best-practice cases: Saerbeck (Germany and Lochem (The Netherlands. Data collection involved a set of fourteen in-depth interviews and secondary data. The results show that three key factors from SNM (building networks, managing expectations, and facilitation of learning are of great importance. However, to a great degree it is also strategic, community serving, responsive, reflexive leadership and proper process management by public officials that spurred success, which would not have been possible without close interaction and mutual trust between local government and representatives of the local communities.

  20. 27 CFR 53.135 - Tax-free sale of articles to State and local governments for their exclusive use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the Code and 26 CFR 305.7701-1 et seq., which provide that an Indian tribal government shall be... not be sold tax free to a State or local government for resale to its police officers. See section... exclusive use by the State or local government (such as pistols or revolvers that are resold by a...

  1. 40 CFR 1400.9 - Access to off-site consequence analysis information by State and local government officials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... local government official in electronic form, unless the official specifically requests the information... analysis information by State and local government officials. 1400.9 Section 1400.9 Protection of... Consequence Analysis Information by Government Officials. § 1400.9 Access to off-site consequence...

  2. Sexism in local government is putting women off politics – it is time to do something about it

    OpenAIRE

    Trenow, Polly

    2014-01-01

    Sexism continues to be a problem for women in local government, with damage done to individuals and their careers. These problems have a long history, but current government policy – such as the abolition of the Local Government Standards Board – has made the problem worse, and not better, according to Polly Trenow.

  3. Report to the Legislature on the California Energy Commission's Geothermal Development Grant Program for Local Governments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    1983-04-01

    This report documents the California Energy Commission's administration of its Geothermal Development Grant Program for Local Governments. The Energy Commission established this program as a result of the passage of Assembly Bill 1905 (Bosco) in 1980. This legislation established the mechanism to distribute the state's share of revenues received from the leasing of federal mineral reserves for geothermal development. The federal government deposits these revenues in the Geothermal Resources Development Account (GRDA) created by AB 1905. The state allocates funds from the GRDA to the California Parklands and Renewable Resources Investment Fund, the counties of origin where the federal leases are located, and the Energy Commission. The legislation further directs the Energy Commission to disburse its share as grants to local governments to assist with the planning and development of geothermal resources. Activities which are eligible for funding under the Energy Commission's grant program include resource development projects, planning and feasibility studies, and activities to mitigate the impacts of existing geothermal development.

  4. Local groundwater governance in Yemen: building on traditions and enabling communities to craft new rules

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taher, Taha; Bruns, Bryan; Bamaga, Omar; Al-Weshali, Adel; van Steenbergen, Frank

    2012-09-01

    Local groundwater management in Yemen and the means by which stakeholders can work together to improve water governance are discussed. In the last few decades the discourse on groundwater management in Yemen has increasingly been cast in terms of crisis, triggered by rapidly declining water tables around cities and in the main agricultural areas. However, in some places in Yemen, communities have responded by implementing local rules that have reduced conflict and provided more reliable and equitable access to water. This trend towards development of local groundwater governance is described, and could make a major contribution in realizing the goals of national water-sector policies and strategies. Twenty-four cases have been identified from different parts of the country and five cases are presented in detail. The article discusses how the process of local management could be nurtured and how it could contribute to rebalancing water use in several parts of Yemen.

  5. Local governance of energy. Clarification of stakes and illustration by spatial planning

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As energy transition implies important societal transformations, the authors developed an analysis framework about the main questions raised by local governance: role of the different levels of local communities in the definition and implementation of strategies, key stakes of the sharing of skills between the State and communities, and stakes regarding spatial planning in this context. The authors first address the issue of relevance of the different territorial scales in a context of evolution of energy policies. They propose an overview of this issue with reference to the debate on local governance of transition. They discuss the return on experience of decentralisation in other fields of action of local policies, notably urban planning and spatial planning

  6. ASPECTS REGARDING job SATISFACTION AND MOTIVATION OF CIVIL SERVANTS IN THE LOCAL PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION IN ROMANIA

    OpenAIRE

    Alina Georgiana PROFIROIU

    2011-01-01

    Motivation and satisfaction factors of civil servants are important elements that determine their work performance. This paper aims to analyze some aspects of civil service satisfaction, motivating factors, quality of service relationships at the level of local public administration in Romania. The analysis performed by applying a questionnaire to civil servants from local public administration revealed that the factor that induces the least satisfaction to the civil servants from local publi...

  7. Incorporating climate change mitigation programmes in local administration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hoff, Jens Villiam

    2015-01-01

    programme’s implementation in Australia and New Zealand a substantial translation took place, especially in the larger local councils and where energy managers or climate change officers were appointed. This translation was supported by organisational norms related to project ownership and network creation...

  8. Tools and Policies for the Governance of State and Local Borrowing

    OpenAIRE

    Morelli G

    2006-01-01

    In Italy, federalism and the evolution of functions of local authorities, even if largely developed in recent years, are still on debate. The need to respect both the commitments on public budgeting, at European level, and the limits imposed to public funds' transferring, from the central government to the periferies, has driven local authorities in two directions: the search of alternative financial sources to support their investments and the optimisation of their debt management on current...

  9. Fiscal and Spending Behavior of Local Governments: An Empirical Analysis Based on Norwegian Data

    OpenAIRE

    1997-01-01

    This paper treats local governments as utility maximizing agents when they allocate resources among different service sectors. We present estimates for eight service sectors, based on a modified version of the extended linear expenditure system (ELES) and using observations at the municipal level for Norway. Our econometric model recognizes user fees and budget deficits as endogenous variables. Moreover, the model accounts for heterogeneity in local tastes and production costs. Price informat...

  10. Fiscal and spending behavior of local governments : an empirical analysis based on Norwegian data

    OpenAIRE

    Aaberge, Rolf; Langørgen, Audun

    1997-01-01

    This paper treats local governments as utility maximizing agents when they allocate resources among different service sectors. We present estimates for eight service sectors, based on a modified version of the extended linear expenditure system (ELES) and using observations at the municipal level for Norway. Our econometric model recognizes user fees and budget deficits as endogenous variables. Moreover, the model accounts for heterogeneity in local tastes and production costs. Price informat...

  11. Financial Corrective Procedure of the Local Government Unit – Selected Interpretation Problems

    OpenAIRE

    Joanna M. Salachna

    2014-01-01

    The new regulation on financial corrective procedure of the local authority, introduced at the end of December 2013, are imperfect and imprecise. There are many interpretation problems that arises during local government unit's budgetary procedure and supervising procedure conducted by Regional Audit Chamber. The article discusses the most important of them. Some of the problems can be removed through the use of simple interpretation. Unfortunately, there remain a significant lacks of correla...

  12. Local governance, conflict and peacebuilding in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

    OpenAIRE

    Gaynor, Niamh

    2013-01-01

    Executive Summary The strong link between poverty, inequality, marginalisation and exploitation and conflict is now well established. Bringing together lessons from the relevant literature, it becomes clear that the effectiveness of local governance reforms within post-conflict contexts depends on their impact on the political, economic and social conditions for conflict. This in turn depends on the understandings, motivations and actions of different actors with regard to the local go...

  13. Governing Carbon Mitigation and Climate Change within Local Councils: A Case Study of Adelaide, South Australia

    OpenAIRE

    Heather Zeppel

    2012-01-01

    There is growing concern about climate change impacts on local government areas. In Australia, the federal carbon tax (from 1 July 2012) will also increase costs for local councils. This paper evaluates what carbon mitigation (i.e. energy, water, and waste management) actions have been implemented by metropolitan Adelaide councils (n=14) and why (or why not). A survey of environmental officers profiled carbon mitigation actions, emissions auditing, and motives for emissions reduction by Adela...

  14. CLARIFICATIONS ON THE PRINCIPLE OF THE AUTONOMY IN LOCAL PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION MANAGEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Irina Bilouseac; Petronela Zaharia

    2014-01-01

    The problem of autonomy exists in any democratic state, being a fundamental principlewhich underpins the development of local government. Local collectivities activity is inextricablylinked to the concept stated, local autonomy is the right of communities to solve and managethemselves public issues.Our scientific approach aims at defining, analyzing and configuring the structural elements of localautonomy. To understand the complex meaning of autonomy in local public administrationmanagement ...

  15. [Local and citizen participation and representation strategies in Healthcare Administration].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sancho Serena, Francesc; Grané Alsina, Montserrat; Olivet, Miquel

    2015-11-01

    The public as a whole are the rightful owners and beneficiaries of the public healthcare system in our country. As such, they collaborate in its maintenance and upkeep through payment of taxes. The government is accountable to the public as to how the ever-scarce resources are allocated. When it comes to the area of healthcare, this represents an added factor of complexity and specificity which makes the issue a particularly sensitive one. In the field of healthcare, both the General Health Law and the Law of Catalan Healthcare Code define the actors responsible for the public representation of its citizens. Nevertheless, their inclusion does not necessarily guarantee the perception of participation by its citizens or that of a greater democratic quality. The model must be understood as the intermediary link between a legally regulated framework and the actual debate, which in a globalized world with such an immense volume of information available to citizens and with the current online social networking sites, occurs at the heart of society in general, even though government has no such incorporation channel. The system will need to be developed as new technologies enable this, towards a more direct and more global models for participation. Participation is a flexible concept which, as far as possible, needs to adapt to the different problems as well as the different regions. Legislative regulation must therefore provide the mechanisms and stable frameworks for participation. In turn however, it must also establish dynamic systems capable of adapting to and incorporating the varying demands and methods of participation coming from the public in response to disparate processes. PMID:26711059

  16. Governing Carbon Mitigation and Climate Change within Local Councils: A Case Study of Adelaide, South Australia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heather Zeppel

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available There is growing concern about climate change impacts on local government areas. In Australia, the federal carbon tax (from 1 July 2012 will also increase costs for local councils. This paper evaluates what carbon mitigation (i.e. energy, water, and waste management actions have been implemented by metropolitan Adelaide councils (n=14 and why (or why not. A survey of environmental officers profiled carbon mitigation actions, emissions auditing, and motives for emissions reduction by Adelaide councils. The main reasons for adopting carbon actions were a climate change plan, climate leadership, and cost savings. Internal council governance of climate change actions was also evaluated. A climate governance framework based on adaptive management, communication, and reflective practice (Nursey-Bray 2010 was applied to assess climate mitigation by Adelaide councils.

  17. Solar Photovoltaic Financing: Deployment on Public Property by State and Local Governments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cory, K.; Coughlin, J.; Coggeshall, C.

    2008-05-01

    State and local governments have grown increasingly aware of the economic, environmental, and societal benefits of taking a lead role in U.S. implementation of renewable energy, particularly distributed photovoltaic (PV) installations. Recently, solar energy's cost premium has declined as a result of technology improvements and an increase in the cost of traditional energy generation. At the same time, a nationwide public policy focus on carbon-free, renewable energy has created a wide range of financial incentives to lower the costs of deploying PV even further. These changes have led to exponential increases in the availability of capital for solar projects, and tremendous creativity in the development of third-party ownership structures. As significant users of electricity, state and local governments can be an excellent example for solar PV system deployment on a national scale. Many public entities are not only considering deployment on public building rooftops, but also large-scale applications on available public lands. The changing marketplace requires that state and local governments be financially sophisticated to capture as much of the economic potential of a PV system as possible. This report examines ways that state and local governments can optimize the financial structure of deploying solar PV for public uses.

  18. Identifying Motivation of the Local Governments to Improve the Sustainability Transparency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés NAVARRO GALERA

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the sustainability tran-sparency of governments, i.e., the disclosure of information on the sustainability of their ac-tions. To do so, we identify contributory factors to the online disclosure of environmental, social, economic and general information by local gov-ernments in Nordic countries. Linear regression analysis was used to identify factors inf uencing the online dissemination of government infor-mation on sustainability; a factor analysis, as a precursor to linear regression, led us to reduce 14 explanatory variables to four factors: f nancial risk, demography, professional qualif cations and local government resources. The results obtained show that local f -nancial priorities have a greater impact on the sustainability-related content of governmental websites than does concern for the needs of the population. Furthermore, an organization’s dis-closure of its f nancial risks, together with greater awareness of stakeholders’ demands, could pro-mote transparency in the f eld of environmental, social and economic sustainability, while local demographic characteristics could foster the publication of information on environmental sus-tainability.

  19. Human Resource Capacity Building for Local Governance in Thailand: Current Challenges and Future Opportunities

    OpenAIRE

    Rohitarachoon, Piyawadee

    2012-01-01

    The research investigates individual human resource capacity building for local governance within the context of decentralised human resource management in Thailand by profoundly examining its current implementation of recruitment, selection, training and development and performance management after the decentralisation policy was enacted. The human resource capacity building process in this research includes five stages of core capabilities building: committing and engaging, performing and a...

  20. 75 FR 56163 - Nondiscrimination on the Basis of Disability in State and Local Government Services

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-15

    ... the ADA definition of disability to clarify its coverage of persons with disabilities and to provide... regulatory definition of ``disability'' to implement the changes mandated by that law. Title III prohibits... Access Board added specific guidelines on State and local government facilities, 63 FR 2000 (Jan....

  1. Sustainable Development and African Local Government: Can Electronic Training Help Build Capacities?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Hazel; Thomas, Alan

    2007-01-01

    A recent study carried out by European and African organizations into the potential for electronic distance training (EDT) on sustainability in African local governments concluded that EDT was both "useful and feasible". This article reflects on some of the theoretical and practical implications of that study. It focuses on the connection between…

  2. Fleet Conversion in Local Government: Determinants of Driver Fuel Choice for Bi-Fuel Vehicles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johns, Kimberly D.; Khovanova, Kseniya M.; Welch, Eric W.

    2009-01-01

    This study evaluates the conversion of one local government's fleet from gasoline to bi-fuel E-85, compressed natural gas, and liquid propane gas powered vehicles at the midpoint of a 10-year conversion plan. This study employs a behavioral model based on the theory of reasoned action to explore factors that influence an individual's perceived and…

  3. Uganda - Public Expenditure Review 2003 : Supporting Budget Reforms at the Central and Local Government Levels

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2003-01-01

    This 2003 Public Expenditure Review (PER) report addresses budget process challenges, at both the central and local government (LG) levels, highlighting the progress made, and identifying challenges for the future. The first chapter reviews country economic performance over the previous year and its implications for fiscal performance. In addition to tracking the various macroeconomic indi...

  4. The reasons for changes in the control of Dutch local government

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    ter Bogt, H.J.; Haldma, T.

    2005-01-01

    The last fifteen years have seen a succession of changes in the management control of organizations in the Dutch local government sector, i.e. municipalities and provinces. These changes relate to, for example, organizational structures, financial management and human resources management, and also

  5. Implementing Decentralized Local Governance: A Treacherous Road with Potholes, Detours, and Road Closures

    OpenAIRE

    Shah, Anwar; Thompson, Theresa

    2004-01-01

    During the past two decades, a silent revolution in public sector governance has swept across the globe aiming to move decision making for local public services closer to the people. The countries embracing and adapting to this silent revolution have had diverse motives and followed even more diverse approaches. This paper attempts to present a stylized view of the motivations and approach...

  6. Does Support for VET Reduce Employee Churn? A Case Study in Local Government. Occasional Paper

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curry, Kath

    2010-01-01

    To what extent do local governments use vocational education and training as a staff retention strategy? Human resources personnel from a selection of councils around Australia believed that a lack of career development or training opportunities might cause an employee to leave their organisation. They had some reservations about the quality and…

  7. Literature Review on Decentralization: Strengthening Local Educational Capacity. Educational Policy and Planning Project. A Government of Indonesia-USAID Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chieuw, Juliet SF.; Mandolang, Nadine H.

    This literature review, while not comprehensive, is aimed at informing the Strengthening Local Education Capacity project under way in Indonesia. Strategies that strengthen educational capacities at the school and local levels were reviewed, followed by strategies for local governance. Two school governance models, public choice and public…

  8. Moving from local to State water governance to resolve a local conflict between irrigated agriculture and commercial forestry in South Australia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillet, Virginie; McKay, Jennifer; Keremane, Ganesh

    2014-11-01

    In the Lower Limestone Coast, South Australia, a unique water allocation plan has been under consideration for several years. This plan is the first in Australia to consider forestry as a water affecting activity. Indeed, forestry plantations have a twofold impact on water-rainfall or aquifer recharge interception and direct extraction of groundwater in shallow water table areas-and alter the available water for irrigation as a result of the previous water budget. This paper examines how water is allocated across the competing requirements for water but also across the competing legal, economic and administrative scales embodied by the competing water users; and thus it also details the pre-judicial mechanism used to resolve the conflict over these competing scales. Qualitative and quantitative content analysis in Nvivo was applied to: (i) 180 local newspaper articles on the planning process, (ii) 65 submission forms filled in by the community during a public consultation on the draft water plan and (iii) 20 face-to-face interviews of keys stakeholders involved in the planning process. The social sustainability perspective taken in this study establishes the legal, economic and administrative competitive scales at stake in the conflict regarding water between forestry and irrigation. It also evidences the special feature of this paper, which is that to overcome these competitions and resolve the local conflict before judicial process, the water governance moved up in the administrative scale, from local/regional to State level. Initiated and initially prepared at regional level through the local Natural Resources Management Board, the water planning process was taken up to State level through the formation of an Interdepartmental Committee and the establishment of a Taskforce in charge of developing a policy. These were supported by an amendment of a State legislation on Natural Resources Management to manage the water impacts of forestry plantations.

  9. Discussion on the Credibility of Local Government Enhance%试论地方政府公信力的提升

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘微微; 傅长吉

    2014-01-01

    The credibility of the local government is the modern democracy and the rule of law under the condition of credit government administrative important symbol? This paper studies the basic theory of the credibility of the local government, explore the current status and the cause of the credibility of local government in China, and then presents some methods to enhance the credibility of local government to construct a populist, hope the rule of law, clean, efficient, responsible government.%地方政府公信力是现代民主政治和法治行政条件下信用政府的重要标志。本文通过对地方政府公信力的基本理论进行研究,探索了当前我国地方政府公信力的现状及其成因,进而提出了提升地方政府公信力的措施方法,以此希冀建构一个亲民、法治、廉洁、高效、责任的政府。

  10. 76 FR 61072 - Committees on Administration and Management, Collaborative Governance, Judicial Review, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-03

    ...; ] ADMINISTRATIVE CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Committees on Administration and Management, Collaborative... given of public meetings of four committees of the Assembly of the Administrative Conference of the...: Committee on Administration and Management The Committee on Administration and Management will meet...

  11. 76 FR 54730 - Committees on Administration and Management, Collaborative Governance, Judicial Review, and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-02

    ...; ] ADMINISTRATIVE CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Committees on Administration and Management, Collaborative... given of public meetings of four committees of the Assembly of the Administrative Conference of the...: Committee on Administration and Management The Committee on Administration and Management will meet...

  12. COMMITMENT OF LOCAL GOVERNMENT IN PROVIDING LEGAL AID FOR THE POOR SOCIETY

    OpenAIRE

    Saru Arifin

    2016-01-01

    The birth of the Legal Aid Act in the year of 2011 had strengthened the right of legal assistance for the poor in resolving legal issues that arrise. In the Act, Local Goverment is given the authority to provide legal assistance. This study uses socio-juridical method that aims to analyze the commitment of the local government of Badung regency, Bali, as one of the region with the highest revenue in Indonesia, in providing legal assistance. These results indicate that high local revenue of Ba...

  13. Flypaper effect at the local governments: an empirical analysis for Aceh Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irham Iskandar

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this reseach is to test the phenomenon of flypaper effect in local governments in Aceh Province during 2008 to 2012. The research used panel data analysis. Technically, it regresses the independent variables of the local owned revenue and unconditional grants on dependent variable of public spending where the institutions as a moderating variable. The flypaper effect was found in the case of public and infrastructure expenditures. The study also found that the institution is capable to reduce the use of unconditional grants. It means that by the role of institution the local owned revenue can be optimized.

  14. Citizen Participation and Local Good Governance ; Case Study – Kukes Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Majlinda Shehu (Gjana

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Citizen participation is a wide spread topic and its importance and contribution to a healthy and developing democracy is huge. There are various forms of citizen participation that are known in the literature and in practice; ranging from general consultation and submission of comments on the draft laws via email to direct negotiations, based on stategic partnership agreements; from public debates to bodies led by the civil society organizations (CSOs. This paper aims to present an overview of citizen involvement in participatory democracy at the local government level, and also a study / survey on the three municipal councils of Kukes region conducted in a 1-year period (January-December 2012, where we have tried to present the applied practice of citizen participation in these important bodies of local decision-making, and to bring perspective and perception of citizens on local good governance, transparency and the level of citizen participation in decision-making.

  15. The illusion of ethics for good local governance in South Africa

    OpenAIRE

    Vyas-Doorgapersad, S.; Ababio, E.P.

    2010-01-01

    Ethics, the legislation and upholding of good conduct by public officials is a sine qua non for sustenance of good governance and service delivery. The White Paper on the Transformation of the Public Service 1994 identified the need for a code of conduct in South Africa as an essential element to enhance high standards of ethics and professionalism. In 1996, the Constitution of the Republic of South Africa prescribed the values and principles of Public Administration. Subsequently, t...

  16. Shadow Economy in the Context of Crisis of Government Administration of Economy

    OpenAIRE

    Ivanov Yuriy B.

    2010-01-01

    The relationship of the shadow economy to the development processes of public administration is examined. Based approach to the informal economy as crisis form of governance that combines the destructive and deformation processes with the processes of reformatting the socioeconomic structure, inherent factor of which are series of mutated hybrid economic forms.Рассмотрена взаимосвязь теневой экономики с развитием процессов государственного управления. Обоснован подход к теневой экономике как ...

  17. 治理语境下的多元行政法%Multipolar Administrative Law Under Context of Governance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王瑞雪

    2014-01-01

    治理理论给行政法治模式带来了深刻变革,治理机制全方位激励治理主体的普遍参与,尽可能地拓展、开放公共过程,多元行政法由此勃兴。与传统行政法关注行政主体与相对人权利义务关系的视角不同,治理语境下的多元行政法将视野扩展到了跨国治理机构、企业、社会组织等其他治理主体,关注治理网络中不同主体之间的协商与合作。行政法基本原则并未伴随着国家角色的回退而限缩,而是在拘束行政机关的行政行为之外,扩展到了更多承担公共治理任务的主体。治理工具也从过去政府“控制—命令”的传统方式,转向了软硬结合的多元化态势。%The governance theory brings profound changes to the administrative law. The governance mechanism encourages universal participation of different governance bodies in order to expand to more public procedures, leading to the lfourish of the multipolar administrative law. Compared to the perspective focusing on the right-obligation relationship between administrative bodies and the third party of the traditional administrative law, this multipolar administrative law under the governance context turns to pay attention to other governance bodies such as transnational governance organizations, enterprises and social organizations, etc., as well as the negotiation and cooperation among them in the governance network. Nevertheless, the administrative law basic principle does not retreat back with the role of state’s going back and it even acts on more publicgovernance bodies besides the administrative authorities. Moreover, governance tools also comprise the hybrid of soft and hard instruments, rather than the before way of single ‘common-and –control’.

  18. Blaming the Government for Environmental Problems: A Multilevel and Cross-National Analysis of the Relationship between Trust in Government and Local and Global Environmental Concerns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cin, Cigdem Kentmen

    2013-01-01

    Although the determinants of trust in governments have received significant attention in the literature on political trust, there has been no attention paid to whether environmental concerns affect governmental trust. Yet, if individuals are worried about local and global environmental degradation, they may think that the government has failed in…

  19. A Low Carbon Development Guide for Local Government Actions in China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zheng, Nina; Zhou, Nan; Price, Lynn; Ohshita, Stephanie

    2011-05-01

    Local level actions are crucial for achieving energy-saving and greenhouse gas emission reduction targets. Yet it is challenging to implement new policies and actions due to a lack of information, funding, and capacity. This is particularly the case in developing countries such as China. Even though national energy intensity and carbon intensity targets have been set, most local governments do not have the knowledge regarding actions to achieve the targets, the cost-effectiveness of policies, the possible impact of policies, or how to design and implement a climate action plan. This paper describes a guidebook that was developed to motivate and provide local governments in China with information to create an action plan to tackle climate change and increase energy efficiency. It provides a simple step-by-step description of how action plans can be established and essential elements to be included - from preparing a GHG emission inventory to implementation of the plan. The guidebook also provides a comprehensive list of successful policies and best practices found internationally and in China to encourage low carbon development in industry, buildings, transportation, electric power generation, agriculture and forestry. This paper also presents indicators that can be used to define low-carbon development, as well as to evaluate the effectiveness of actions taken at an aggregated (city) level, and at a sectoral or end use level. The guidebook can also be used for low carbon development by local governments in other developing countries.

  20. 77 FR 71591 - Meetings of the Local Government Advisory Committee and the Small Communities Advisory Subcommittee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-03

    ...The Small Communities Advisory Subcommittee (SCAS) will meet meet in Washington, DC, on Wednesday, December 12, 2012, 11:00 a.m.- 3:00 p.m. (EST). The Subcommittee will discuss training related to land use and economic development; decentralized wastewater treatment; and other issues and recommendations to the Administrator regarding environmental issues affecting small communities. The Local......

  1. Non-local dynamics governing the self-induced motion of a planar vortex filament

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Gorder, Robert A.

    2015-06-01

    While the Hasimoto planar vortex filament is one of the few exact solutions to the local induction approximation (LIA) approximating the self-induced motion of a vortex filament, it is natural to wonder whether such a vortex filament solution would exist for the non-local Biot-Savart dynamics exactly governing the filament motion, and if so, whether the non-local effects would drastically modify the solution properties. Both helical vortex filaments and vortex rings are known to exist under both the LIA and non-local Biot-Savart dynamics; however, the planar filament is a bit more complicated. In the present paper, we demonstrate that a planar vortex filament solution does exist for the non-local Biot-Savart formulation, provided that a specific non-linear integral equation (governing the spatial structure of such a filament) has a non-trivial solution. By using the Poincaré-Lindstedt method, we are able to obtain an accurate analytical approximation to the solution of this integral equation under physically reasonable assumptions. To obtain these solutions, we approximate local effects near the singularity of the integral equation using the LIA and non-local effects using the Biot-Savart formulation. Mathematically, the results constitute an analytical solution to an interesting nonlinear singular integro-differential equation in space and time variables. Physically, these results show that planar vortex filaments exist and maintain their forms under the non-local Biot-Savart formulation, as one would hope. Due to the regularization approach utilized, we are able to compare the structure of the planar filaments obtained under both LIA and Biot-Savart formulations in a rather straightforward manner, in order to determine the role of the non-locality on the structure of the planar filament.

  2. Does Leadership Matter? A summary of evidence on the role and impact of political leadership in English local government

    OpenAIRE

    Francesca Gains, Stephen Greasley, Peter John, Gerry Stoker

    2007-01-01

    This paper explores the impact of different forms of political leadership created through the Local Government Act 2000. The concept of facilitative leadership is used to explore how leaders use powers and abilities to draw citizens and other stakeholders into a shared vision for the locality, and enable local councils and other actors to shape places and improve service performance. The paper also reflects on possible implications for proposals in the 2006 Local Government White Paper. It is...

  3. IT Mangement for Transforming Local Government - a Danish Collaborative Practice Research Project

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kræmmergaard, Pernille; Agger Nielsen, Jeppe

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to present the methodology and preliminary findings from an on-going Danish collaborative practice research project concerning IT-Management in Transformational e-Government - DISIMIT. The ambition of the DISIMIT project is to improve IT management in local governments...... challenges were categorized into 3 longitudinale theme tracks from 2010 – 2012). These challenges were – 1) Value Creation and Benefit Realization, 2) Strategy Execution and Project Portfolio Management and 3) Social Alignment and Communication....... (municipalities) and to contribute with knowledge about IT-Management to the IS literature in general and to the e-government literature in particular. The paper reports on the process of conducting collaborative practice research and the selected findings from the empirical research activities. Up till now...

  4. The Italian experience for the recovery of the housing market. An economic model applied to the management of local governments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gianluigi De Mare

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Following the crisis generated by the financialization of private real-estate, construction prices have gradually decreased depriving the housing market of the necessary growth stimuli. Many countries have set up measures to revive this highly strategic area for the national economy. With reference to the Campania Region Law n. 19 dated 28 December 2009, known Housing Plan, this work has two objectives: to recognize the fundamental estimation problems that need to be solved in the implementation of the Campania Housing Plan; in addition, predict the effects of the regulations on the regional economy, both in overall terms as well as for each production sector, with particular attention being given to the construction industry. Regarding the first objective, the contents of the law are analysed on the basis of the principles that govern the appraisal. The consequences of the Campania Housing Plan on the economic system are then evaluated using input-output matrices, which are able to capture the structural relationships that exist among the various productive sectors. The numerical calculations require a preliminary investigation aimed at collecting a list of interventions approved by local governments in accordance to the Housing Plan. The cost of the works, as proposed in the applications submitted to the local administrations, is the input data for the implementation of the Social Accounting Matrix 2010 of the Campania Region.

  5. Multiple governance and fisheries commons: Investigating the performance of local capacities in rural Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah Al Mamun

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This study presents a post-facto evaluation of the local capacity development processes used under co-management of fisheries and other resources of southern Bangladesh. It answers the question of how supportive were the capacity development tools used in implementing co-management. An 18 month study was conducted and six cases were investigated to understand the approaches to co-management programs used to develop local capacity. Founded in pragmatism and viewing co-management through a governance lens, a comparative case study method was used that combined both qualitative and quantitative research approaches for data collection and subsequent analysis. This study provides empirical evidence that co-management programs have applied a number of strategies (e.g. human resource and economic development to enhance local capacities. However, these strategies have achieved mixed results with regard to developing governance that supports livelihoods. Training provided to develop human resources and economic capacity were not useful for fishers or had little lasting effects on fisheries development due to poor monitoring and a disconnection with the needs of local users. This study concludes that comanagement can facilitate local capacity but in order to realize the full potential of this approach we must address the issues of inappropriate technologies for training, the financial barriers to fishers with low cash income, and uneven power relationships among stakeholders, to create an enabling environment for effective modern governance of the fisheries commons. Our findings indicate a needsbased approach to capacity building is needed in order to support the livelihoods of local users through co-management

  6. Local Self-Government in Central and Eastern Europe: a Strong and Independent Local-Level Management Tool or Just a Paper Tiger?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vjekoslav Bratić

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available The onset of the independence process in Central and Eastern European (CEE countries during the 1990s was marked by tremendous optimism and a declared wish for stronger fiscal decentralisation and the transfer of powers, responsibilities and resources to the units of local and regional self-government that were supposed to be closest to citizens in resolving their daily problems. However, this has not happened in these countries, at least not according to the basic financial decentralisation indicators, and this is the main thesis of this work. Despite numerous adjustments made in the local self-government organisation in the observed countries, an optimum level of local and regional self-government organisation has still not been achieved. The units of local and regional self-government are still heavily dependent on, or rather restricted by, the strong central governments, which reduces their autonomy and their influence on the local social and economic development.

  7. Strained local and state government finances among current realities that threaten public hospitals' profitability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kane, Nancy M; Singer, Sara J; Clark, Jonathan R; Eeckloo, Kristof; Valentine, Melissa

    2012-08-01

    This study demonstrates that some safety-net hospitals--those that provide a large share of the care to low-income, uninsured, and Medicaid populations--survived and even thrived before the recent recession. We analyzed the financial performance and governance of 150 hospitals during 2003-07. We found, counterintuitively, that those directly governed by elected officials and in highly competitive markets were more profitable than other safety-net hospitals. They were financially healthy primarily because they obtained subsidies from state and local governments, such as property tax transfers or supplemental Medicaid payments, including disproportionate share payments. However, safety-net hospitals now face a new market reality. The economic downturn, slow recovery, and politics of deficit reduction have eroded the ability of local governments to support the safety net. Many safety-net hospitals have not focused on effective management, cost control, quality improvement, or services that attract insured patients. As a result, and coupled with new uncertainties regarding Medicaid expansion stemming from the recent Supreme Court decision on the Affordable Care Act, many are likely to face increasing financial and competitive pressures that may threaten their survival. PMID:22869645

  8. Perspectives of Complexity in Water Governance: Local Experiences of Global Trends

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michele-Lee Moore

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Those responsible for water governance face great complexity. However, the conceptualisations of what comprises that complexity have been broad and inconsistent. When efforts are made to address the complexity in water governance, it is unclear whether the problems and the related solutions will be understood across the actors and institutions involved. This paper provides a review of the literature focused on global water governance to discern core themes that commonly characterise discussions of complexity. It then considers how the consequences of these issues are manifested at the local scale through an examination of empirical research of the Murray-Darling Basin Authority and the Prachinburi River Basin Committee. The results demonstrate that a history of a technical, depoliticised discourse is often perceived to contribute to complexity. The consequence is that when a severe ecological disturbance occurs within a river basin with poorly understood causes, few tools are available to support river basin organisations to address the political nature of these challenges. Additionally, a lack of clear authority structures has been recognised globally, but locally this can contribute to conflict amongst the 'governors' of water. Finally, a range of contested definitions and governance frameworks exists that contributes to complexity, but confronting the diversity of perspectives can lead to ethical dilemmas given that the decisions will affect the health and livelihoods of basin communities.

  9. Assessing the Institutional Capacity of External Agencies in Holding Local Government Accountable in Uganda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Umar Kakumba

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available The Government of Uganda established external agencies as part of the control mechanisms aimed at promoting accountability in the public sector in general and local governments (LGs in particular. The two cardinal control agencies include the Office of the Auditor General (OAG and the Inspectorate of Government (IG, who are mandated to enhance public service through efficient and effective resource management, ensuring adherence to standards and regulations, and promoting responsiveness to community needs. In spite of these institutional controls, a surge of unbearable events involving abuse of authority and misuse of public resources still exists, suggesting significant managerial and capacity handicaps, not only in the internal mechanisms of LGs, but also in the external control agencies. This paper presents findings of a study conducted to evaluate the institutional capacity of the OAG and the IG in the enhancement of accountability in local governments (LGs in Uganda. The findings demonstrate deficiencies in institutional capacity across the spectrum of financial, human and material resources, as well as the enabling legislation and lack stakeholder support. The scenario is a recipe for encouraging public malfeasance. The paper makes a strong case for strengthening institutional capacity, through improvements in planning, resource facilitation and collaborative relations among the key stakeholders. It is argued that the establishment of a special anti-corruption court could help reduce the delays and provide appropriate corrective measures in support of accountability.

  10. Is green economy achievable through championing green growth? A local government experience from Zambia

    OpenAIRE

    Phiri Rodgers

    2016-01-01

    The need to enhance environmental sustainability, sustainable development and growth that takes into account the well-being of the people and nature because of the increased production and consumption of goods and services is the major driver to the introduction of green economy in Zambia and countries in southern Africa. This article examines the extent to which local government in Zambia has embraced green growth and green economy and critically analyses the concept of green economy and gre...

  11. What Makes the Bangladesh Local Government Engineering Department (LGED) So Effective?

    OpenAIRE

    Fujita, Yasuo

    2011-01-01

    The Local Government Engineering Department (LGED) is renowned for its superior effectiveness compared with other public organizations in Bangladesh. Using the management and organizational theory framework, this paper attempts to answer the following two related questions: (i) why is LGED so effective, and (ii) has there been complementarity between LGED’s own strengths and the capacity development support of its donors. LGED’s business domain has been conducive to its effectiveness and to t...

  12. Perspectives on Australian Local Government Reform edited by Brian Dollery and Ian Tiley

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bligh Grant

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Academic books emerge in a variety of ways. Some are the result of pure serendipity. For instance, in February 2011 Brian Dollery and I were completing a report that delved into the conceptual and theoretical foundations of shared services. Brian had also co-authored several case studies of shared services in Australian local government over the years, some of which I had contributed to.

  13. Analysis of Palm Oil Prices in Ini Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Tiku, N.E.; Uduak, O.O.; Ini-mfon, V.P.

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to analyze palm oil prices in Ini Local Government Area of Akwa Ibom State, Nigeria. Palm oil is a major agricultural commodity that is highly commercialized in the Nigeria and has suffered various economic impacts cardinally is the price volatility. In consideration of palm oil price stability, trend analysis, seasonality, cyclical and irregular elements of price volatility were determined. Data were obtained through structured questionnaires administered to 160 ran...

  14. CONSEQUENCES OF POPULATION GROWTH ON AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTION IN OBINGWA LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF ABIA STATE NIGERIA.

    OpenAIRE

    Adindu, Symbol

    2012-01-01

    ABSTRACT Today, millions of people in the world are without food especially in the developing world which has been of great concern as stipulated in the United Nations millennium development goal 1, sub-targets A, B and C to fight hunger, poverty and starvation across the world and ensure environmental sustainability (UNCSD, Aug, 2011) .This study investigated the consequences of population growth on agricultural production in Obingwa local government area in Nigeria. This is a survey type...

  15. Does Government Investment in Local Public Goods Spur Gentrification? Evidence from Beijing

    OpenAIRE

    Siqi Zheng; Kahn, Matthew E.

    2011-01-01

    In Beijing, the metropolitan government has made enormous place based investments to increase green space and to improve public transit. We examine the gentrification consequences of such public investments. Using unique geocoded real estate and restaurant data, we document that the construction of the Olympic Village and two recent major subway systems have led to increased new housing supply in the vicinity of these areas, higher local prices and an increased quantity of nearby private chai...

  16. Electronic information sharing in local government authorities: Factors influencing the decision-making process

    OpenAIRE

    Bigdeli, AZ; Kamal, MM; Cesare, S.

    2013-01-01

    This is the post-print version of the final paper published in International Journal of Information Management. The published article is available from the link below. Changes resulting from the publishing process, such as peer review, editing, corrections, structural formatting, and other quality control mechanisms may not be reflected in this document. Changes may have been made to this work since it was submitted for publication. Copyright @ 2013 Elsevier B.V. Local Government Authoriti...

  17. PROFITABILITY AND MARKETING EFFICIENCY OF MAIZE IN KWANDE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF BENUE STATE, NIGERIA

    OpenAIRE

    Zacharias Ternenge Nyiatagher; Ali Ocholi

    2015-01-01

    The paper presents profi tability and marketing effi - ciency of maize in Kwande Local Government Area of Benue State, Nigeria. Stratifi ed random sampling was used to select three hundred (300) maize marketers comprising producers (210), wholesalers (32) and retailers (58) in eight (8) major markets in the study area. Primary data were collected using structured questionnaires. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, marketing margin and marketing effi ciency. It was found that maiz...

  18. Economics of Livestock Marketing in Gamawa Local Government Area, Bauchi State, Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Nasiru, M; Haruna, U; Garba, A.

    2012-01-01

    The study examined the profitability of livestock marketing in Gamawa Local Government Area, Bauchi State in the year 2012. A combination of both purposive and simple random sampling techniques was employed to collect data from one hundred and twenty marketers, using structured questionnaire. The data were analysed using descriptive statistics, farm budgeting and multiple regression analysis. The result showed that goat and cattle marketers had the mean age, marketing experience and household...

  19. Analysis of Pig Marketing in Zango Kataf Local Government Area of Kaduna State, Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Adesehinwa, AOK.; Ajala, MK.

    2008-01-01

    This study examines the profitability and efficiency of pig marketing in Zango Kataf Local Government Area of Kaduna State, Nigeria. A market survey of 50 pig traders from an urban market (Katsit) and two rural markets (Zonkwa and Samaru Kataf) was conducted to evaluate the structure, conduct and performance of the markets. Data were collected from the respondents through the use of a structured questionnaire. The data collected were analyzed using Gini Coefficient, marketing margin and marke...

  20. Local government and the rural non-farm economy in Uganda

    OpenAIRE

    Hubbard, Michael; Jackson, Paul; Mutebi-Golooba, Frederick

    2001-01-01

    This brief study of issues regarding local government and development of the rural non-farm economy (RNFE) in Uganda forms part of a larger study of the RNFE led by the Natural Resources Institute (University of Greenwich) for DFID and the World Bank. This project has two components related to developing countries. The Access component is focused on issues affecting peoples’ access to non-farm livelihood activities and participation by households. Several reports on Uganda from this component...

  1. THE INTEGRATED ASSESSMENT OF THE LOCAL GOVERNMENT ACTIVITY USING THE SYSTEM OF INDICATORS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena I. Danilina

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The assessment of the local government performance, as any other serious work, is improved and undergone major changes every year. The objective of this article-is the research of the methodological aspects of forming the system of indicators, which reflect the local government performance. The difficulties with which the constituent entities of the Russian Federation face while making assessment according to the procedure accepted on the federal level have been exposed. Some imperfections of the currently used procedure of the integrated assessment have been stated. The author concludes that the existing problems of acquiring the official and timely information from the statistical bodies, the absence of accounting the budgetary efficiency of costs and the financial status of certain municipal units, the difference in the approaches and methods of holding the opinion polls of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, call into a question the issue of fairness of the assessment results. The conducted study has allowed the author to identify the possible opportunities for the further studies. Although the methods do not require making the assessment of the performance targets approved in the strategies of the municipalities, it would be worthwhile to consider these indicators over time. While assessing the local government performance, it is recommended to use two approaches. One of them-which is obligatory for all (according to the procedure accepted on the federal level. Another approach-is holding own secondary monitoring, involving self-assessment of the activity on the effective territory management, while paying attention to the determination of the areas requiring the priority attention of the local governments. Municipalities are recommended to study the available foreign practices and the Russian achievements in the field of assessing the public body performance, which could include, for example, the European model of CAF.

  2. Conceptual framework of local government and Third Sector responses to labor migration in the PRC

    OpenAIRE

    Jordan, LP

    2013-01-01

    This paper develops a conceptual framework to guide the comparative inquiry of local government policy responses to labor migration in China drawing on existing literature in Chinese social policy, comparative family policy and regional study of migration and the family. We suggest a framework that situates the productivist welfare regime type, common in East Asian countries, within the unique context of PRC history that combines the strong centralized state economy with an increasingly decen...

  3. Examining the Factors Contributing to Affordable Housing in Kosofe Local Government Council Area, Laogs, Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Ajibola, M. O; Oluwunmi, A. O.; Eguh, O.

    2012-01-01

    The term housing affordability has come into popular usage in the last two decades replacing housing need at the centre of debate about the provision of adequate housing for all. The aim of affordability would be defeated if housing cost becomes burdensome to an individual income in relation to his other needs. This is the reason why the researchers examined the factors contributing to affordable housing in Kosofe Local Government Council Area, Lagos, Nigeria. The study was conducted using qu...

  4. The effects of political reservations for women on local governance and rural service provision:

    OpenAIRE

    Raabe, Katharina; Sekher, Madhushree; Birner, Regina

    2009-01-01

    "In 1993, India introduced quota-based political reservations for women in rural areas with the objective to promote gender equality in human development by making rural service provision and local governance inclusive and responsive to the needs of women. Recent evidence shows that reservation policies for women (1) stimulate the political participation of women in rural areas, (2) shift rural service provision to public goods that reflect gender preferences, and (3) improve the access to an...

  5. Socio-Economic Determinants of Seed Yam Production in Oyi Local Government Area of Anambra State

    OpenAIRE

    Okeke; Daniel, C. Okeke; Charity C. Udeora and Samuel N.

    2013-01-01

    This study assessed the socio-economic determinants of seed yam production in Oyi Local Government Area of Anambra State. Purposive and simple random sampling procedure was used respectively to select four communities and 120 respondents for the study. The data obtained were used to analyse the influence of socio economic factors on seed yam production and also determine the technical efficiency level of the seed yam farmers using descriptive statistics and stochastic production frontier fu...

  6. Continuity, change and crowding out: The reshaping of collective bargaining in UK local government

    OpenAIRE

    Johnson, Mathew

    2016-01-01

    This thesis examines elements of continuity and change in systems of pay determination in UK local government, with a specific focus on the period of austerity since 2010. Spending cuts present significant challenges for collective bargaining through the National Joint Council (NJC), which also serves as a ‘critical case’ to test our understanding of contemporary collective bargaining and industrial relations. The research draws on 56 interviews with a total of 62 key actors from the employer...

  7. Local Government and the Challenges of Community and Rural Development in Nigeria: the Way Forward

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    One major index of social change and development today is indeed rural development. No nation can boast of having achieved development if a large percentage of her rural inhabitants are still wallowing under abject poverty, want and adepth in socio-economic penury. However, in Nigeria, empirical evidence shows that underdevelopments have continued to wage on as people are either ignorant of, or indifferent to the reasons for which local governments are created. This paper examines the impact ...

  8. Prevalence of mastitis among dairy cattle in Kanam Local Government Area of Plateau state, Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Charles O. Ebojei; Gyang C. Davou; Blessing A. Salman; Victoria O. Mosimabale

    2010-01-01

    Mastitis is a major disease that infects the mammary gland of dairy cattle and adverselyaffects the quantity and quality of milk produced by cows. This study described the socio-economiccharacteristics of herdsmen and examined the prevalence rate of mastitis in White Fulani cows in KanamLocal Government Area (LGA) of Plateau State, North Central Nigeria. Four districts were randomlyselected from the LGA (among 10 districts) and twenty herdsmen were randomly selected from each ofthese four dis...

  9. Transparency, Sanctioning Capacity, and Corruption Displacement : : Multi-Method Evidence from Local Government in Malawi

    OpenAIRE

    Zimmerman, Brigitte

    2014-01-01

    In my dissertation, I investigate the strategic behavior of politicians engaging in corruption. Specifically, I consider how local government officials in Malawi choose between different forms of corruption, and how anti- corruption interventions such as those that increase transparency or sanctioning capacity condition these choices. I argue that the corruption space has two dimensions: a detectability dimension, capturing the degree to which a given form of corruption is detectable; and an ...

  10. Enhancing service delivery in local government: the case of a district municipality

    OpenAIRE

    Dalené Pretorius; Willlem Schurink

    2007-01-01

    This article offers a leadership. It offers a leadership model for enhancing service delivery within local government. Applying modernist qualitative methodology, particularly a combination of casing and grounded theory, the study offers the Retro Advanced Leadership Model which comprises (1) management of leadership performance, (2) legislative imperatives, (3) the achievement of realistic goals, and (4) continuous maintenance and monitoring of achievements. Key implications and recommendati...

  11. The effects of automobile production and local government expenditure on poverty in alabama

    OpenAIRE

    Sooriyakumar Krishnapillai; Henry Kinnucan

    2012-01-01

    This paper studies the impact of automobile production on the poverty rate of Alabama's counties. The findings suggest that automobile production in Alabama significantly reduces the poverty rate in all counties. The impact of automobile production on poverty reduction in distressed black belt counties is greater than in other counties. The local government expenditure is not very effective in reducing the poverty. This implies that industrial development may be more effective in reducing pov...

  12. Seminar on Cooperation Between Chinese and African Local Governments Held in Beijing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>On May 15,the Seminar on Cooperation Between the Chinese and African Local Governments,jointly sponsored by the CPAFFC and the China International Friendship Cities Association (CIFCA),was held in Beijing. Representatives of the CPAFFC,the CIFCA,25 provinces and cities that had formed friendship-city ties with African countries,member units of the Council of the Chinese-African People’s Friendship Association,the United Cities and

  13. CHARACTERIZATION OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE, IN KAZAURE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, JIGAWA STATE, NIGERIA

    OpenAIRE

    Abubakar Abdullahi Musa*, Armaya’u Suleiman Labo, Surayya M. Lamido, Sarki Aliyu Salisu, Muhammad Bello Ibrahim, Nura Bello

    2016-01-01

    Municipal solid waste is been one of the greatest challenge facing environmental Protection agencies in most cities of the world. This Paper presents a generation and compositions of municipal solid waste in Kazaure local government Jigawa state, the compositions of municipal solid waste were determined using samples obtained from Central collection situated at Kanti area. However, Kanti landfill received a volume of municipal solid waste from eleven wards of 175.07 m3 in dry season and 182.2...

  14. Perspectives on Australian Local Government Reform edited by Brian Dollery and Ian Tiley

    OpenAIRE

    Grant, Bligh

    2016-01-01

    Academic books emerge in a variety of ways. Some are the result of pure serendipity. For instance, in February 2011 Brian Dollery and I were completing a report that delved into the conceptual and theoretical foundations of shared services. Brian had also co-authored several case studies of shared services in Australian local government over the years, some of which I had contributed to. 

  15. Perspectives on Australian Local Government Reform edited by Brian Dollery and Ian Tiley

    OpenAIRE

    Bligh Grant

    2016-01-01

    Academic books emerge in a variety of ways. Some are the result of pure serendipity. For instance, in February 2011 Brian Dollery and I were completing a report that delved into the conceptual and theoretical foundations of shared services. Brian had also co-authored several case studies of shared services in Australian local government over the years, some of which I had contributed to.

  16. Role Perceptions of the Position of Local Vocational Administrator in Alabama.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alabama Research Coordinating Unit for Vocational and Technical Education, Montgomery.

    The purpose of this study was to clarify the role of the local vocational director and area vocational center administrator in local education agencies. Through this role clarification, it is hoped that training programs can be more accurately geared to the development of competencies necessary to carry out the functions of the positions. The…

  17. EVALUATION OF LOCAL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS, A MANUAL FOR ADMINISTRATORS, TEACHERS, AND CITIZENS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    BYRAM, HAROLD M.

    AS A RESULT OF THE EXPERIENCES OF AND STUDY BY THE STAFF OF THREE MICHIGAN PUBLIC SCHOOLS PARTICIPATING IN A RESEARCH PROJECT BETWEEN 1963 AND 1965, THIS MANUAL WAS PREPARED FOR USE BY ADMINISTRATORS, TEACHERS, AND CITIZENS' COMMITTEES IN EVALUATING AND PLANNING LOCAL VOCATIONAL EDUCATION PROGRAMS. IT EXPLAINS THE ROLE OF THE LOCAL DIRECTOR,…

  18. Is green economy achievable through championing green growth? A local government experience from Zambia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phiri Rodgers

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The need to enhance environmental sustainability, sustainable development and growth that takes into account the well-being of the people and nature because of the increased production and consumption of goods and services is the major driver to the introduction of green economy in Zambia and countries in southern Africa. This article examines the extent to which local government in Zambia has embraced green growth and green economy and critically analyses the concept of green economy and green growth. This study is based on a review of planning and policy documents, a household questionnaire survey and interviews with various institutions, planners and rural development organisations. A number of policies implemented at the local government level were analysed and reflected upon irrespective of whether they contain the components of green growth and green economy and the extent to which they contribute to attaining green economy. The article argues that the need for economic diversification is important as far as green economy is concerned. The article recommends the need to invest in research and development in order to find more carbon-free economic activities. The conclusion is that local government is key to achieving green growth and green economy, because it is involved at all levels, from policy formulation to implementation.

  19. A critical analysis of government spending on sport : mass participation and school allocation : sport administration

    OpenAIRE

    de Swart, J. J.; M.J. Swanepoel; J. Surujlal

    2014-01-01

    The government plays an important role in promoting and financing sport. The government therefore needs to budget for the activities it finances. The purpose of the study was to critically analyse government spending on sport with specific focus on mass participation and school sport allocation. A qualitative research approach using document analysis was used for the study. Document analysis entails a systematic procedure for reviewing or evaluating documents - both printed and electronic (co...

  20. Aspects of Professional Training at Local and Central Public Administration Institutions from Romania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tudorel ANDREI

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available The article aims to identify some characteristics of the training process of the central and local public administration employees. For comments formulation we used the information obtained from the central and local public administration civil servants, which was collected by applying a statistical questionnaire. The study emphasizes a series of positive and negative aspects related to the application of some instruments for consulting the actors involved in the training process, the curricula content of the training programs addressing the public sector personnel at central and local levels.

  1. Resource capability for local government in mainstreaming gender into sustainable post disaster reconstruction : Evidence from Bantul Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Yumarni, Tri; Amaratunga, Dilanthi

    2015-01-01

    Understanding how local government responds to gender vulnerability and gender capacity is important to make cities safer both for women and for men. However, little is known on how local government is empowered in terms of provision of capacity, resources and abilities to mainstreaming gender into disaster risk reduction and community resilience. The case of Bantul post-earthquake reconstruction Indonesia pinpoints district government capability is vital to promote gender equality within loc...

  2. The New Great Debate about Unionism and Collective Bargaining in U.S. State and Local Governments

    OpenAIRE

    David Lewin; Jeffrey Keefe; Kochan, Thomas A.

    2012-01-01

    Unionism and collective bargaining among U.S. state and local government employees are being widely debated, and some of these governments have sharply reduced or eliminated public employee unionism and bargaining rights. Such actions are based on a belief that fiscal adversity facing state and local governments stems mainly from the over-compensation of public employees that has ostensibly resulted from unionism, bargaining and supportive legislation enacted decades earlier. These changes, h...

  3. Construction and Analysis of China's Local Government Performance Model%我国地方政府绩效模型的构建与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王臻荣; 任晓春

    2011-01-01

    本文在归纳政府绩效影响因素的基础上,构建了地方政府绩效模型的一般形式和特殊形式。并通过模型的一般形式进行量化分析、变量分析,对模型的特殊形式进行乘积形式分析、对数形式分析得出提升政府绩效的启示,即:只有在能力转化力为正的情况下,政府绩效才有可能提高;在等绩效线上公示政府绩效,能激励政府绩效的提高;提高政府绩效的关键在于政府能力和能力转化率的共同提高。%Government performance is a very important topic in current public administration research,and improving government performance is a fundamental objective for all the governments,but it is necessary to recognize determinants of government performance.On the basis of induction of affecting factors of government performance,the article constructs the general and special forms of local government performance.Through quantitative and multivariate analysis of the former and the product and the Logarithmic analysis of the latter respectively,we come up with the enlightenments: firstly,only positive government capacity can upgrade government performance;secondly,the publishing of government performance on the equivalent line will encourage the government performance.Finally,the core of promoting government performance is the joint improvement of government capacity and conversion force.

  4. Climate change mitigation in developing countries through interregional collaboration by local governments: Japanese citizens' preference

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This study explores the motivation of domestic and international interregional collaboration on climate change mitigation through carbon crediting by Japanese local governments, using a social survey. The study finds balanced collaboration with domestic partner regions and developing countries is preferred in the case of collaboration, given that the unit cost of collaboration is assumed lower than that of no collaboration. Appreciation of benefits such as technology transfer and local environmental improvement in developing countries increases the preference of collaboration with developing countries. Two factors hinder Japanese local governments' collaboration with developing countries from the perspective of citizens: a sense of environmental responsibility to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions within the city and a preference for domestic orientation even if the collaboration with developing countries is less costly and has benefits of technology transfer and local environmental improvement. The preference for a lower total cost of GHG emissions reductions is confirmed except for those with a sense of environmental responsibility. The study also finds that provision of information on mitigation projects and co-benefits would increase the preference for interregional collaboration with developing countries depending on the types of collaborative project, except for those with a sense of environmental responsibility. - Highlights: → We surveyed views of Japanese citizens on interregional/international cooperation of their cities for GHG reduction. → Sense of environmental responsibility is negatively correlated with the needs for cooperation. → Information on co-benefits of collaboration would strengthen preference for cooperation.

  5. Risk regulation and deliberation in EU administrative governance: GMO regulation and its reform

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Weimer

    2015-01-01

    The article analyses the problems of EU risk regulation of genetically modified organisms (GMOs) through the lens of deliberative theories of EU law and governance, such as deliberative supranationalism and experimentalist governance. Previous research had suggested that the GMO issue is not conduct

  6. IT Governance Mechanisms and Administration/IT Alignment in the Public Sector

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Winkler, Till

    2013-01-01

    this paper we propose a conceptual model to investigate the relationship between IT governance mechanisms and according performance outcomes specifically for public sector organizations. A survey instrument is developed and validated based on in-depth interviews with IT representatives from three......The mechanisms of information technology (IT) governance have been widely recognized as practices to sustain alignment of business and IT units. However, the IT governance literature so far has drawn little attention to the possible idiosyncrasies of governance arrangements in the public sector. In...... different municipalities in Germany. A cross-case analysis particularly provides evidence for the importance of structural and relational mechanisms and demonstrates how different mechanisms can compensate each other. Our findings provide relevant insights for government practitioners and an impetus for...

  7. Local energy governance in vermont: an analysis of energy system transition strategies and actor capacity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowse, Tarah

    While global, national, and regional efforts to address climate and energy challenges remain essential, local governments and community groups are playing an increasingly stronger and vital role. As an active state in energy system policy, planning and innovation, Vermont offers a testing ground for research into energy governance at the local level. A baseline understanding of the energy planning and energy organizing activities initiated at the local level can support efforts to foster a transition to a sustainable energy system in Vermont. Following an inductive, applied and participatory approach, and grounded in the fields of sustainability transitions, energy planning, and community energy, this research project identifies conditions for change, including opportunities and challenges, within Vermont energy system decision-making and governance at the local level. The following questions are posed: What are the main opportunities and challenges for sustainable energy development at the town level? How are towns approaching energy planning? What are the triggers that will facilitate a faster transition to alternative energy systems, energy efficiency initiatives, and localized approaches? In an effort to answer these questions two studies were conducted: 1) an analysis of municipal energy plans, and 2) a survey of local energy actors. Study 1 examined Vermont energy planning at the state and local level through a review and comparison of 40 municipal plan energy chapters with the state 2011 Comprehensive Energy Plan. On average, municipal plans mentioned just over half of the 24 high-level strategies identified in the Comprehensive Energy Plan. Areas of strong and weak agreement were examined. Increased state and regional interaction with municipal energy planners would support more holistic and coordinated energy planning. The study concludes that while municipalities are keenly aware of the importance of education and partnerships, stronger policy mechanisms

  8. Information sharing in e-government initiatives: Freedom of Information and Data Protection issues concerning local government

    OpenAIRE

    Batista, Luciano; Cornock, Marc

    2009-01-01

    In e-government initiatives, the sharing of information is crucial for empowering citizens and boosting joined-up services. The lack of clear guidance on how to share government data can potentially harm Freedom of Information and or Data Protection rights. This article addresses this issue by drawing from the main concerns governments have when dealing with Freedom of Information and Data Protection issues. As illustration, we comment on the findings of a case study we have conducted in a Lo...

  9. FORMATION AND ACTIVITY OF REPRESENTATIVE ORGANS OF LOCAL SELF GOVERNMENT IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE XIX CENTURY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Savchenko M. S.

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The article is devoted to the creation and activity of principally new organs of local self-government for Russian state – province and uyezd Zemstvos, which were formed by means of elections. Peculiarities of political and legal mechanism of formation of overall class organs of local authorities having too many powers in decision of questions of local sense are disclosed. Attention is paid to incompleteness of legislative regulation of many electoral procedures that made the sphere of administrative discretion significant. There were enlightened principally important characteristics of elections in Zemstvo which are overall class and combination of a principle of property qualification with noble family class representation, on the basis of which the author makes the conclusion on necessity of extension of representations of modern legal science on present qualifications. The comparative analysis of public polemic on the questions of results of Zemstvo reforms is conducted. In general bulk of ideas on extension of Zemstvo representative law the author was singled out two main trends: extension of quantity of voters by means of decrease of qualification limitations and equalization of representation of different social and class groups of population. On the basis of analysis of legal bases of formation and development of electoral process in XIX century the assessment of adequacy of modern system of Russian representative legislation is implemented

  10. PEOPLE'S PERCEPTION ON HOUSEHOLD SOLID WASTE MANAGEMENT IN OJO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, IN NIGERIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. O. Longe ، O. O. Longe ، E. F. Ukpebor

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The current work examined the structure of household waste management system, collection and disposal within the context of a wider research on integrated solid waste management in households. A sample of 30 households from eleven selected residential areas with a focus group of 60 respondents in Ojo Local Government Area, Lagos State, Nigeria was used. The selected residential areas were divided into high, middle and low socio-economic strata. The research examined a range of environmental behaviours, attitude and perception of respondents on household solid waste management. The results established waste management behaviours among the respondents on solid waste management system, services, patronage of services and cost recovery methods. Public opinion and perception on solid waste management system is characterized with irregularity and inefficient collection system; with poor monitoring of the private waste service providers by the local authority. Willingness to pay for waste management services provided by the private service providers, the Private Sector Participation operators is higher among the middle and high income socio-economic groups than in the low income group. However, with the application of sustainable environmental education greater success ratio could be achieved. Level of patronage of solid waste management services is high across the three socio-economic groups but patronage is shared among the two operating service providers (formal and informal. The Private Sector Participation has the highest patronage level with 64.6% severity index while the informal sector (Cart pushers have only 48.7% severity index both percentages translate to the agreed and neutral perception opinion ranges respectively. The paper advocates for improved solid waste management system through proper monitoring of the services of the Private Sector Participation operators by the Local Government Area for improved service efficiency. Finally the

  11. The Competing Dynamics and Relationships in Corporate and Local Government Agency Constructions of Place

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalie Russell

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the dynamics of how private sector business entities and local government bodies perceive and interact with the identity of the locality in which they operate. It identifies tensions and differences in, and consequences of, the dynamics and relationships between how private sector business entities view constructions of ‘place’ and how government and publicly-funded place-marketing organisations portray and promote localities. These issues are examined through the phenomenon, brand and slogan of ‘visit, live, invest’ which is gaining credence in the United Kingdom and elsewhere in the world. The paper develops data using in-depth interviews and a small-scale survey set within an overall interpretivistic case study approach. The data and the case-study demonstrate that, despite the rebranding of the local government agencies as a place-marketing organisation committed to the new ‘live, visit, invest’ initiative and brand agenda, there is an ongoing ‘cultural hangover’ from previous place promotion policies. There are also serious impacts and consequences for relationships between the public and private sectors and with other stakeholders. The prevailing image of UKTown (real name anonymised by business leaders is one that sees this town fundamentally as a historic, traditional and conservative town. This image has been the product of many years of older style promotion in this vein. While such an image may suggest pleasant aspects of the living environment, it has little to do with corporate image, values and concerns and many private sector business entities do not identity with it. In several instances it is even considered by certain business sectors to be ‘detrimental’ to the need for a dynamic business environment and the forms of relationships and activities these necessitate. The paper indicates a number of strategic moves that could be adopted in order to improve this predicament.

  12. Quality and Performance in Public Administration

    OpenAIRE

    Cîrnu Doru; Todorut Amalia Venera; Banta Victor

    2011-01-01

    The national context in which change and reforming government is synthesized in any government program, based on new principles, which includes the following objectives: Public administration reform, based on increasing local autonomy and the financial and economic; restructure the central and local government, aiming to achieve an effective organizational model of administrative structures, while drastically reducing public expenditure; reducing bureaucracy and streamlining public services. ...

  13. Specific Examples of Employment Discrimination by State and Local Governments, 1980-Present

    OpenAIRE

    Sears, Brad; Mallory, Christy; Hunter, Nan D.

    2009-01-01

    Based on the reports on employment law and discrimination related to sexual orientation and gender identity for each of the 50 states (See Appendices), this chapter compiles more than 380 specific examples of workplace discrimination against state and local employees, almost all occurring within the last 20 years, and none occurring prior to 1980. The state reports collected examples of discrimination from court opinions, administrative complaints, academic journals, books, newspapers, and pu...

  14. Research into the financial knowledge of employees of local government units at commune level in Podkarpacie

    OpenAIRE

    Ulyana Dzyuma; Jacek Rodzinka

    2012-01-01

    The aim of this article is to present the results of a study on the level of financial knowledge among staff at local public administration offices. The study was conducted using the technique of Computer Assisted Telephone Interviews (CATI) on a representative sample of commune level offices in the Podkarpackie Province. Study participants described a definite strength of financial knowledge within the work tasks that they do, however they indicated that their actual knowledge level is inter...

  15. Carbon Cowboys in Peru and the Prospects of Local REDD Governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wil de Jong

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper demonstrates the vulnerability of natural resource governance in locations where future forest carbon emission reduction will be pursued using payment mechanisms like REDD (Reducing Emission from Deforestation and Forest Degradation. The specific case is of an Australian national, David Nilsson who arrived in 2010 in the city of Iquitos, capital of the Peruvian Amazon. Nilsson tried to sign joint venture agreements with multiple indigenous organizations to trade carbon credits on their behalf. The paper analyses in much detail Nilsson's strategy to convince various local actors to sign up for his scheme. It demonstrates how people with responsibilities to represent indigenous interests, including leaders of their organizations, members of local NGos and staff of the regional government, eagerly supported these initiatives, but for ambiguous reasons. Even after Nilsson's treacherous dealings were widely exposed in the national and international news-media, this support did not stop. The case of this Peruvian carbon cowboy was specifically mentioned in "COICA's and AIDESEP's Iquitos Declaration", which is one of the early manifestations of an indigenous discourse that questions UNFCCC (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change and REDD (Reducing Emission from Deforestation and Forest Degradation. The paper demonstrates the political, institutional and governance fragility of locations where future REDD projects or similar initiatives to reduce forest carbon emissions are planned.

  16. Sustainable local development in citizen and community spheres. Implications for the governance of natural resources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Carreón Guillén

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The economic, political, citizen, and community spheres, whether global or local, are regulated by systems of governance, which create public interest agendas including tariffs for public services derived from the use of natural resources. In this regard, this paper presents the agreements and disagreements between entrepreneurial, municipal, citizen, and community organizations to establish local development scenarios in reference to the global market. This discussion will create a series of representations that symbolize the dissonance between prosperity and austerity in order to contrast lifestyles oriented towards globalization and livelihoods aimed at sustainability. In this context, different identities have emerged from the alliances between civil and business organizations, in which development is not necessarily a priority; however, such vicissitudes provide central themes for the discussion of economic models.  This paper is important because it envisages a governance scheme that permits including natural resources in the civil, political, and business agenda.  In other words, governance regulates the intrusion of transnational corporations in communities and the inclusion of SMEs in the international market.

  17. 政府与相对人土地冲突博弈的宏观成因与治理创新——以土地行政复议为例%The Macro Factors and Governance Innovation about Land Conlfict Game between the Government and Administrative Counterpart: Case Study on Land Administrative Review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈会广; 张耀宇; 陈利根; 郭春华

    2015-01-01

    Administrative review of land is a typical sample about law game and way to solve the conflict between the government and administrative counterpart. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to find macro factors prompting land administrative review, and study the innovation way to govern land use conflict. According to panel data containing 29 provincial units and the time span of 2006-2013, this paper makes descriptive statistics about macro factors of land administrative review. Dynamic Panel Data Model is used to complete the empirical test. Considering the conflict relation between the government and administrative counterpart in the process of rural land becomes non-agriculture, it chooses the variables which can influence land administrative review. The results of the empirical test indicate that economic development is the significant factor which increases the number of the administrative review cases. The local government's behavior that promotes the economic development by excessively using land resource and relies on the differential rent is the root of conflict. Administrative review can correct the wrong behavior of the government, and this function can reduce the amount of administrative review cases. The conclusions and policy recommendations are local government's development mode which relies on the land resource and differential rent should be changed. The transformation of the government's function and justice administrative review, can strengthen the public trust in administrative review.%研究目的:将土地行政复议作为观察政府与行政相对人的纠纷冲突、法律博弈与法治化解的典型样本,分析土地行政复议案件的宏观成因,研究化解冲突博弈的治理创新路径.研究方法:对29个省2006—2013年的面板数据进行描述性统计,应用动态面板模型进行分析.研究结果:从政府与相对人的冲突关系出发,选取相关变量,并进行实证检验,发现:(1)经济发展是促使

  18. The significance and role of local self-governments in the population policy of Serbia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gavrilović Ana

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Population should be in the central focus of local community institutions and the local community may constitute its population policy which will supplement state population policy measures, considering the local specific various traditions, values and models of living. The paper's basic goal is to critically perceive the characteristics, significance and role of local self-governments in the current population policy of Serbia. Social situation and social policy characteristics in Serbia are analyzed in the context of the population policy. It is pointed out that poverty, unemployment, the economic crisis, the process of privatization, the issue of system decentralization and social expectations of the population, as current expressions of transition, all have a consequence on the demographic development and population policy. A critical estimation of the activities in the field of population policies which are carried out by local and provincial self-governments in Serbia in the last decade are brought into focus, with a special review to the activities of provincial and local governments in the Autonomous Province of Vojvodina. As a result of the analysis it is pointed out that the population and social policy measures have been separated since the year 2000 and that they have been directed only to stimulating births and not child raising and that solutions regarding maternity leave brought improvements, however shortened maternity leave for the third child. The new conception of the population policy brought a whole series of restrictions such as: suspension of aid for newborn essentials; discontinuance of the right to maternity allowance; abolishing of compensation for preschool expenses for the third child; children’s allowance lost its population measures character along with considerable tightening of the census and decreasing of amount; the activities of preschool facilities have been reduced only to an educational function, and the

  19. Improvement of Government Financing through Non-Conventional Methods: Reducing the Administrative Costs in the Public Sector

    OpenAIRE

    Matei, Ani; Dinu, Teodora

    2009-01-01

    The paper aims to emphasize the relative recent preoccupations of several European states and even of EU about reducing the administrative costs and contribution of this process to local and national development, increasing the GDP etc. Recent appreciations of the European officials reveal estimations that a reduction by 25% of the administrative costs could lead to an increase of GDP by 2-3%. Mechanisms of coordination for national policies are already operational even if their res...

  20. Local Social and Environmental Impacts of Biofuels: Global Comparative Assessment and Implications for Governance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Pacheco

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The 2000s witnessed the rapid expansion of biofuel plantations in the global South in the context of a growing trend of crop plantation expansion. This trend has been spurred by policies in the European Union, United States, Brazil, and other countries favoring the use of biofuels in the transport sector to enhance energy security and reduce carbon emissions, as well as by the desire of governments in developing countries to harness the stimulus that new commercial investments provide to the agricultural sector and to national economies. Despite these potential benefits, a number of concerns have been raised about the local social and environmental impacts of biofuel feedstock expansion. We shed light on this debate through a synthesis of findings from case studies in six biofuel producer countries of Asia, Africa, and Latin America, and a seventh paper exploring the implications of the land-use changes observed in these case studies for the climate mitigation potential of biofuels. We also explore the implications for governing the environmental impacts of biofuel feedstock production, protecting the rights of customary land users, and enabling smallholder-inclusive business models. Our analysis suggests that better governance of the sector’s impacts is not the exclusive preserve of unitary sets of actors, but instead requires concerted and coordinated efforts by governments of producer and consumer countries, investors, civil society, and the financial sector to better capture the sector’s potential while minimizing its social and environmental costs.