Sample records for adl process

  1. A Process for the Representation of openEHR ADL Archetypes in OWL Ontologies.

    Porn, Alex Mateus; Peres, Leticia Mara; Didonet Del Fabro, Marcos


    ADL is a formal language to express archetypes, independent of standards or domain. However, its specification is not precise enough in relation to the specialization and semantic of archetypes, presenting difficulties in implementation and a few available tools. Archetypes may be implemented using other languages such as XML or OWL, increasing integration with Semantic Web tools. Exchanging and transforming data can be better implemented with semantics oriented models, for example using OWL which is a language to define and instantiate Web ontologies defined by W3C. OWL permits defining significant, detailed, precise and consistent distinctions among classes, properties and relations by the user, ensuring the consistency of knowledge than using ADL techniques. This paper presents a process of an openEHR ADL archetypes representation in OWL ontologies. This process consists of ADL archetypes conversion in OWL ontologies and validation of OWL resultant ontologies using the mutation test.

  2. Ineffective ADL skills in women with fibromyalgia

    Von Bülow, Cecilie; Amris, Kirstine; la Cour, Karen


    BACKGROUND: Subgroups of women with fibromyalgia likely show different activity of daily living (ADL) skill deficits. Identifying ineffective ADL skills of significance in the 'typical' woman with fibromyalgia will promote the planning of targeted occupational therapy interventions aiming...... at improving ADL ability. OBJECTIVE: To identify frequently reported ADL skill deficits of significance in subgroups of women with fibromyalgia who have decreased ADL motor ability in combination with decreased or competent ADL process ability. METHOD: Women with fibromyalgia were evaluated with the Assessment...... of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS). If they demonstrated decreased ADL motor ability, the calibrated AMPS raters identified and reported ineffective ADL skills of significance. Descriptive comparisons were made between subgroups displaying either decreased or competent ADL process ability. RESULTS: Moves...

  3. The New ADL Registry. ADL Registry Web Portal Changes


    Approaches 18 19 Primary ADL Registry Contributors Contributor Records Entry Date Navy eLearning (US Navy) 2,086 08/05/2008 Joint Knowledge Development...ADL Registry   Navy eLearning Content Team   Joint Knowledge Online  http

  4. Trainee Occupational Therapists Scoring the Barthel ADL.

    Martin, Elizabeth; Nugent, Chris; Bond, Raymond; Martin, Suzanne


    Within medical applications there are two main types of information design; paper-based and digital information [1]. As technology is constantly changing, information within healthcare management and delivery is continually being transitioned from traditional paper documents to digital and online resources. Activity of Daily Living (ADL) charts are still predominantly paper based and are therefore prone to "human error" [2]. In light of this, an investigation has taken place into the design for reducing the amount of human error, between a paper based ADL, specifically the Barthel Index, and the same ADL created digitally. The digital ADL was developed as an online platform as this offers the best method of data capture for a large group of participants all together [3]. The aim of the study was to evaluate the usability of the Barthel Index ADL in paper format and then reproduce the same ADL digitally. This paper presents the findings of a study involving 26 participants who were familiar with ADL charts, and used three scenarios requiring them to complete both a paper ADL and a digital ADL. An evaluation was undertaken to ascertain if there were any 'human errors' in completing the paper ADL and also to find similarities/differences through using the digital ADL. The results from the study indicated that 22/26 participants agreed that the digital ADL was better, if not the same as a paper based ADL. Further results indicated that participants rate highly the added benefit of the digital ADL being easy to use and also that calculation of assessment scores were performed automatically. Statistically the digital BI offered a 100 % correction rate in the total calculation, in comparison to the paper based BI where it is more common for users to make mathematical calculation errors. Therefore in order to minimise handwriting and calculation errors, the digital BI proved superior than the traditional paper based method.

  5. Performance-based assessment of activities of daily living (ADL) ability among women with chronic widespread pain

    Wæhrens, Eva Ejlersen; Amris, Kirstine; Fisher, Anne G


    . The investigated psychometric properties of the AMPS included discrimination between a sample of healthy women and those with chronic widespread pain, as well as stability when no intervention was provided and sensitivity to change following intervention. Data were obtained based on a repeated measures design......-report and performance-based assessment of ADL offer distinct but complementary information about ability. The present study, therefore, investigated the applicability of a performance-based measure of ADL ability, the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS), among 50 women with chronic widespread pain...... performing AMPS evaluations twice pre- and twice post-rehabilitation. Results indicated that the ADL motor ability measures of the participants were significantly lower than those of healthy women of same age, the ADL motor and ADL process ability measures remained stable when no intervention was provided...

  6. The Link between Cognitive Measures and ADLs and IADL Functioning in Mild Alzheimer's: What Has Gender Got to Do with It?

    Hall, James R; Vo, Hoa T; Johnson, Leigh A; Barber, Robert C; O'Bryant, S E


    Objectives. To investigate the link between neurocognitive measures and various aspects of daily living (ADL and IADL) in women and men with mild Alzheimer's disease (AD). Methods. Participants were 202 AD patients (91 male, 111 female) with CDR global scores of ≤1. ADLs and IADLs ratings were obtained from caregivers. Cognitive domains were assessed with neuropsychological testing. Results. Memory and executive functioning were related to IADL scores. Executive functioning was linked to total ADL. Comparisons stratified on gender found attention predicted total ADL score in both men and women. Attention predicted bathing and eating ability in women only. Language predicted IADL functions in men (food preparation) and women (driving). Conclusions. Associations between ADLs/IADLs and memory, learning, executive functioning, and language suggest that even in patients with mild AD, basic ADLs require complex cognitive processes. Gender differences in the domains of learning and memory area were found.

  7. The Link between Cognitive Measures and ADLs and IADL Functioning in Mild Alzheimer's: What Has Gender Got to Do with It?

    James R. Hall


    Full Text Available Objectives. To investigate the link between neurocognitive measures and various aspects of daily living (ADL and IADL in women and men with mild Alzheimer's disease (AD. Methods. Participants were 202 AD patients (91 male, 111 female with CDR global scores of ≤1. ADLs and IADLs ratings were obtained from caregivers. Cognitive domains were assessed with neuropsychological testing. Results. Memory and executive functioning were related to IADL scores. Executive functioning was linked to total ADL. Comparisons stratified on gender found attention predicted total ADL score in both men and women. Attention predicted bathing and eating ability in women only. Language predicted IADL functions in men (food preparation and women (driving. Conclusions. Associations between ADLs/IADLs and memory, learning, executive functioning, and language suggest that even in patients with mild AD, basic ADLs require complex cognitive processes. Gender differences in the domains of learning and memory area were found.

  8. Sensitivity of different ADL measures to apraxia and motor impairments

    Donkervoort, M.; Dekker, J.; Deelman, B.G.


    Objective: To determine whether specifically designed activities of daily living (ADL) observations can measure disability due to apraxia with more sensitivity than the Barthel ADL Index, a conventional functional scale. Design: Cross-sectional study. Setting: Rehabilitation centres and nursing home

  9. JPSS Cryosphere Algorithms: Integration and Testing in Algorithm Development Library (ADL)

    Tsidulko, M.; Mahoney, R. L.; Meade, P.; Baldwin, D.; Tschudi, M. A.; Das, B.; Mikles, V. J.; Chen, W.; Tang, Y.; Sprietzer, K.; Zhao, Y.; Wolf, W.; Key, J.


    JPSS is a next generation satellite system that is planned to be launched in 2017. The satellites will carry a suite of sensors that are already on board the Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (S-NPP) satellite. The NOAA/NESDIS/STAR Algorithm Integration Team (AIT) works within the Algorithm Development Library (ADL) framework which mimics the operational JPSS Interface Data Processing Segment (IDPS). The AIT contributes in development, integration and testing of scientific algorithms employed in the IDPS. This presentation discusses cryosphere related activities performed in ADL. The addition of a new ancillary data set - NOAA Global Multisensor Automated Snow/Ice data (GMASI) - with ADL code modifications is described. Preliminary GMASI impact on the gridded Snow/Ice product is estimated. Several modifications to the Ice Age algorithm that demonstrates mis-classification of ice type for certain areas/time periods are tested in the ADL. Sensitivity runs for day time, night time and terminator zone are performed and presented. Comparisons between the original and modified versions of the Ice Age algorithm are also presented.

  10. Algorithm integration using ADL (Algorithm Development Library) for improving CrIMSS EDR science product quality

    Das, B.; Wilson, M.; Divakarla, M. G.; Chen, W.; Barnet, C.; Wolf, W.


    Algorithm Development Library (ADL) is a framework that mimics the operational system IDPS (Interface Data Processing Segment) that is currently being used to process data from instruments aboard Suomi National Polar-orbiting Partnership (S-NPP) satellite. The satellite was launched successfully in October 2011. The Cross-track Infrared and Microwave Sounder Suite (CrIMSS) consists of the Advanced Technology Microwave Sounder (ATMS) and Cross-track Infrared Sounder (CrIS) instruments that are on-board of S-NPP. These instruments will also be on-board of JPSS (Joint Polar Satellite System) that will be launched in early 2017. The primary products of the CrIMSS Environmental Data Record (EDR) include global atmospheric vertical temperature, moisture, and pressure profiles (AVTP, AVMP and AVPP) and Ozone IP (Intermediate Product from CrIS radiances). Several algorithm updates have recently been proposed by CrIMSS scientists that include fixes to the handling of forward modeling errors, a more conservative identification of clear scenes, indexing corrections for daytime products, and relaxed constraints between surface temperature and air temperature for daytime land scenes. We have integrated these improvements into the ADL framework. This work compares the results from ADL emulation of future IDPS system incorporating all the suggested algorithm updates with the current official processing results by qualitative and quantitative evaluations. The results prove these algorithm updates improve science product quality.

  11. δ-Opioid Mechanisms for ADL5747 and ADL5859 Effects in Mice: Analgesia, Locomotion, and Receptor Internalization

    Nozaki, Chihiro; Le Bourdonnec, Bertrand; Reiss, David; Windh, Rolf T.; Little, Patrick J.; Dolle, Roland E.; Gavériaux-Ruff, Claire


    N,N-diethyl-4-(5-hydroxyspiro[chromene-2,4′-piperidine]-4-yl) benzamide (ADL5859) and N,N-diethyl-3-hydroxy-4-(spiro[chromene-2,4′-piperidine]-4-yl)benzamide (ADL5747) are novel δ-opioid agonists that show good oral bioavailability and analgesic and antidepressive effects in the rat and represent potential drugs for chronic pain treatment. Here, we used genetic approaches to investigate molecular mechanisms underlying their analgesic effects in the mouse. We tested analgesic effects of ADL5859 and ADL5747 in mice by using mechanical sensitivity measures in both complete Freund's adjuvant and sciatic nerve ligation pain models. We examined their analgesic effects in δ-opioid receptor constitutive knockout (KO) mice and mice with a conditional deletion of δ-receptor in peripheral voltage-gated sodium channel (Nav)1.8-expressing neurons (cKO mice). Both ADL5859 and ADL5747, and the prototypical δ agonist 4-[(R)-[(2S,5R)-4-allyl-2,5-dimethyl-piperazin-1-yl]-(3-methoxyphenyl)methyl]-N,N-diethyl-benzamide (SNC80) as a control, significantly reduced inflammatory and neuropathic pain. The antiallodynic effects of all three δ-opioid agonists were abolished in constitutive δ-receptor KO mice and strongly diminished in δ-receptor cKO mice. We also measured two other well described effects of δ agonists, increase in locomotor activity and agonist-induced receptor internalization by using knock-in mice expressing enhanced green fluorescence protein-tagged δ receptors. In contrast to SNC80, ADL5859 and ADL5747 did not induce either hyperlocomotion or receptor internalization in vivo. In conclusion, both ADL5859 and ADL5747 showed efficient pain-reducing properties in the two models of chronic pain. Their effects were mediated by δ-opioid receptors, with a main contribution of receptors expressed on peripheral Nav1.8-positive neurons. The lack of in vivo receptor internalization and locomotor activation, typically induced by SNC80, suggests agonist-biased activity

  12. Software component composition based on ADL and Middleware


    How to compose prefabricated components is a key issue in component-based reuse. Research on Software Architecture (SA) and Component-based Software Development (CBSD) provides two hopeful solutions from different perspectives. SA provides a top-down approach to realizing component-based reuse. However, it pays insufficient attention to the refinement and implementation of the architectural descriptions, and does not provide the necessary capability to automate the transformation or composition to form a final executable application. CBSD provides a bottom-up way by using existing middleware infrastructures. However, these technologies do not take into account the systematic methodology that can guide the CBSD process, especially the component composition at higher abstract levels. We argue that it is a natural solution to combine these two approaches.   In this paper, an architecture-based component composition approach is presented. In this way, SA description, using mapping rules and mini-tools to narrow the gap between design and implementation, is used as the blueprint and middleware technology as the runtime scaffold for component composition. Our approach presents an ADL, which supports user-defined connectors and has an extensible framework, to specify software architectures. To map a SA description into implementation, it is necessary to map it first to an OO design model described in UML, then to the final implementation. The architectural description can be mapped into source code or executable code by using some ORB conforming to CORBA standard. Also a toolkit is provided to support this approach efficiently.

  13. The measurement of instrumental ADL: content validity and construct validity

    Avlund, K; Schultz-Larsen, K; Kreiner, S


    A new measure of Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL), which is able to discriminate among the large group of elderly who do not depend on help, was tested for content validity and construct validity. Most assessments of functional ability include Physical ADL (PADL) and Instrumental ADL....... The measure of Instrumental ADL included 30 activities in relation to tiredness and reduced speed. Construct validity was tested by the Rasch model for item analysis; internal validity was specifically addressed by assessing the homogeneity of items under different conditions. The Rasch item analysis of IADL...... showed that 14 items could be combined into two qualitatively different additive scales. The IADL-measure complies with demands for content validity, distinguishes between what the elderly actually do, and what they are capable of doing, and is a good discriminator among the group of elderly persons who...

  14. Physical performance as long-term predictor of onset of activities of daily living (ADL) disability

    Idland, Gro; Pettersen, Renate; Avlund, Kirsten


    . The participants were followed for 9 years. Logistic regression models were fitted for each of the physical performance measurements together with the covariates in relation to ADL disability. At follow-up 25.7% were disabled in ADL. All three performance measurements were significantly associated with the onset...... of ADL disability at 9 years of follow-up, however, only walking speed remained significantly related to onset of ADL disability, when all three performance measurements were included in the same model. In conclusion all the three performance measurements were related to onset of ADL disability......Disability in ADL of aging women is an important public health concern. It is thus of interest to identify modifiable factors underlying onset of ADL disability. We assessed whether three physical performance-based measurements could predict ADL disability 9 years later. The participants were 113...

  15. File list: Unc.Adl.50.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.50.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 Unclassified Adult Octopaminergic neuro...ns ...

  16. File list: DNS.Adl.10.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available DNS.Adl.10.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 DNase-seq Adult Octopaminergic neurons ... ...

  17. File list: Unc.Adl.20.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  19. File list: DNS.Adl.20.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  20. File list: Unc.Adl.05.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  1. File list: Unc.Adl.10.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  2. File list: DNS.Adl.05.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available DNS.Adl.05.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 DNase-seq Adult Octopaminergic neurons ... ...

  3. File list: His.Adl.10.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.10.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells dm3 Histone Adult Temperature ...

  4. File list: His.Adl.50.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.50.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells dm3 Histone Adult Temperature ...

  5. File list: His.Adl.20.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.20.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells dm3 Histone Adult Temperature ...

  6. File list: His.Adl.05.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.05.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells dm3 Histone Adult Temperature ...

  7. GPU平台上ADL算法的实现%Implementation of ADL Algorithm on GPU

    陈加忠; 夏涛; 欧阳昆; 黎单; 孙自龙


    In order to gain much better image quality, ADL ( adaptive directional lifting) wavelet transform takes use of the texture property of image to implement the transform coding at the cost of high computation complexity. Implement the interpolation and directional lifting transform of ADL in parallel on GPU ( graphic processing unit) with CUDA ( compute unified device architecture) to speed up the image encoding. Both fine-grained and coarse-grained granularity parallelization are used for data block and pixels respectively in interpolation, while only coarse-grained granularity is used in nine directions for transform. Experiments results show that implementation of ADL on GPU is 4 times faster than that on CPU. The total time of ADL transform image coding on CPU-GPU framework is almost 4 times faster than on CPU.%自适应方向提升小波变换(ADL)利用图像纹理特征进行变换编码,从而获得更高的编码质量,但同时也增加了计算复杂度.为了提高图像编码速率,在统一计算设备架构(CUDA)的图形处理器(GPU)上,提出一种并行实现ADL中的插值和方向变换计算的新方案,对插值部分同时采用粗粒度和细粒度的并行,即把图像数据分成若干个块进行粗粒度的并行,而对块中的每个像素点采用细粒度的并行.对变换部分中的9个变换方向采用粗粒度的并行.实验表明,在GPU上并行实现ADL变换是CPU实现的4倍左右,CPU-GPU整体架构下的ADL变换编码的速度是CPU平台下的3倍左右.

  8. An Evaluation of ADLs on Modeling Patterns for Software Architecture

    Waqas Kamal, Ahmad; Avgeriou, Paris


    Architecture patterns provide solutions to recurring design problems at the architecture level. In order to model patterns during software architecture design, one may use a number of existing Architecture Description Languages (ADLs), including the UML, a generic language but also a de facto

  9. The easy ADL home: A physical-virtual approach to domestic living

    Surie, Dipak; Pederson, Thomas; Janlert, Lars-Erik


    . In this paper, we present such an approach and use it for designing a smart home intended to support Activities of Daily Living (ADL). The easy ADL home is designed based on a wearable personal server that runs a personal ADL support middleware and a set of computationally augmented everyday objects within...

  10. Self-reported Quality of ADL Task performance in Persons with Chronic Conditions

    Nielsen, Kristina Tomra; Wæhrens, Eva Ejlersen


    Background: Several studies have indicated that persons with chronic diseases perceive problems related to Activities of Daily Living (ADL), including Personal ADL (PADL) and Instrumental ADL (IADL). However, little is known about how persons with chronic diseases perceive the quality of their ADL...... groups with chronic diseases. Method: Persons with various chronic diseases including rheumatic diseases, cancer, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and schizophrenia were included in the study. Data related to self-reported quality of ADL task performance were collected from 2007-2015 using the ADL...... in relation to selfreported quality of ADL task performance will be investigated both within and between diagnostic groups. Results and conclusion: Data extraction is in progress. We expect the results of the study to show both similarities and differences in relation to self-reported quality of both personal...

  11. The tool in the brain: Apraxia in ADL.

    Marta M. N. Bienkiewicz


    Full Text Available Humans differ from other animals in the way they can skilfully and precisely operate or invent tools to facilitate their everyday life. Tools have dominated our home, travel and work environment, becoming an integral step for our motor skills development. What happens when the part of the brain responsible for tool use is damaged in our adult life due to a cerebrovascular accident? How does daily life change when we lose the previously mastered ability to make use of the objects around us? How do patients suffering from compromised tool use cope with food preparation, personal hygiene, grooming, housework or use of home appliances? In this literature review we present a state of the art for single and multiple tool use research, with a focus on the impact that apraxia (impaired ability to perform tool-based actions and action disorganisation syndrome (impaired ability to carry our multi-step actions have on activities of daily living (ADL. Firstly, we summarise the behavioural studies investigating the impact of apraxia and other comorbidity syndromes, such as neglect or visual extinction, on ADL. We discuss the hallmarks of the compromised tool use in terms of the sequencing of action steps, conceptual errors committed, spatial motor control and temporal organisation of the movement. In addition, we present an up-to-date overview of the neuroimaging and lesion analyses studies that provide an insight into neural correlates of tool use in the human brain and functional changes in the neural organisation following a stroke, in the context of ADL. Finally we discuss the current practice in neurorehabilitation of ADL in apraxia and action disorganisation syndrome aiming at increasing patients’ independence.

  12. The ADL Registry and CORDRA. Volume 1: General Overview


    many learning communities , and is supported by Department of Defense (DoD) policy [2]. While SCORM advances the state of the art in designing and...Throughout ADL and other learning communities , new digital objects are being created daily by hundreds of developers spread over multiple programs...communities and learning communities in general to effectively discover, locate, and reuse digital objects include system capabilities and tools that

  13. Evaluation of a radio based ADL interaction recognition system in a day hospital for old age psychiatry with healthy probands.

    Neuhaeuser, J; Diehl-Schmid, J; Lueth, T C


    In this contribution the evaluation of a system called "Eventlogger" is presented, which is installed in a day hospital for old age psychiatry. The Eventlogger is a radio based module with an adjustable communication range, able to recognize interaction of the user with objects or with other people. It is intended to function as a monitoring tool for the users' activities. Due to the demographic change monitoring systems for elderly people become more important. In this paper the "simple activities of daily living" (sADL) is introduced as well as the evaluation for the recognition of sADL in a day hospital for old age psychiatry with healthy probands is presented. Together with the first approaches of post processing for better results it is shown that the system is now ready to be used with patients of the day hospital for old age psychiatry.

  14. The relation of hypertension to changes in ADL/IADL limitations of Mexican american older adults.

    Caskie, Grace I L; Sutton, Maryann C; Margrett, Jennifer A


    Hypertension, highly prevalent and often undiagnosed among older Mexican Americans, is associated with greater limitations in activities of daily living (ADLs) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADLs) that can lead to greater dependency for older adults. Using data from the Hispanic Established Populations for Epidemiologic Studies of the Elderly study, the rate of increase in ADL/IADL limitations for a 7-year period was examined for 3,046 older Mexican Americans classified either as reporting hypertension at baseline, first reporting hypertension at subsequent waves, or never reporting hypertension. Latent growth models indicated increased ADL/IADL limitations over time; individuals with hypertension evidenced greater increases than those without hypertension. Age, comorbidities, and depression were positively related to greater ADL/IADL limitations at baseline for all groups; only age was consistently related to ADL/IADL change over time. Development of hypertension may increase the risk of ADL/IADL decline, but early diagnosis and treatment may attenuate this effect.

  15. Issues in Component-Based Development: Towards Specification with ADLs

    Rafael González


    Full Text Available Software development has been coupled with time and cost problems through history. This has motivated the search for flexible, trustworthy and time and cost-efficient development. In order to achieve this, software reuse appears fundamental and component-based development, the way towards reuse. This paper discusses the present state of component-based development and some of its critical issues for success, such as: the existence of adequate repositories, component integration within a software architecture and an adequate specification. This paper suggests ADLs (Architecture Description Languages as a possible means for this specification.

  16. AudioRegent: Exploiting SimpleADL and SoX for Digital Audio Delivery

    Nitin Arora


    Full Text Available AudioRegent is a command-line Python script currently being used by the University of Alabama Libraries’ Digital Services to create web-deliverable MP3s from regions within archival audio files. In conjunction with a small-footprint XML file called SimpleADL and SoX, an open-source command-line audio editor, AudioRegent batch processes archival audio files, allowing for one or many user-defined regions, particular to each audio file, to be extracted with additional audio processing in a transparent manner that leaves the archival audio file unaltered. Doing so has alleviated many of the tensions of cumbersome workflows, complicated documentation, preservation concerns, and reliance on expensive closed-source GUI audio applications.

  17. File list: ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Egg_chamber [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  9. File list: Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Egg_chamber [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Egg_chamber dm3 TFs and others Adult Egg chamber SRX706815,SRX7068...11,SRX706814,SRX706810 ...

  10. File list: InP.Adl.10.AllAg.Egg_chamber [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.10.AllAg.Egg_chamber dm3 Input control Adult Egg chamber SRX706813,SRX70681...6,SRX706812 ...

  11. File list: Oth.Adl.10.AllAg.Egg_chamber [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.10.AllAg.Egg_chamber dm3 TFs and others Adult Egg chamber SRX706814,SRX7068...10,SRX706815,SRX706811 ...

  12. File list: His.Adl.20.AllAg.Egg_chamber [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.20.AllAg.Egg_chamber dm3 Histone Adult Egg chamber SRX914961,SRX914956,SRX9...14959,SRX914952,SRX914963,SRX914962,SRX914960,SRX914958,SRX914966,SRX914964,SRX914954 ...

  13. File list: Oth.Adl.20.AllAg.Egg_chamber [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.20.AllAg.Egg_chamber dm3 TFs and others Adult Egg chamber SRX706814,SRX7068...11,SRX706815,SRX706810 ...

  14. File list: His.Adl.50.AllAg.Egg_chamber [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.50.AllAg.Egg_chamber dm3 Histone Adult Egg chamber SRX914961,SRX914956,SRX9...14962,SRX914952,SRX914960,SRX914958,SRX914964,SRX914954,SRX914966,SRX914963,SRX914959 ...

  15. File list: Unc.Adl.10.AllAg.Egg_chamber [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.10.AllAg.Egg_chamber dm3 Unclassified Adult Egg chamber SRX914951,SRX914955...,SRX914953,SRX914957 ...

  16. File list: InP.Adl.05.AllAg.Egg_chamber [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.05.AllAg.Egg_chamber dm3 Input control Adult Egg chamber SRX706813,SRX70681...2,SRX706816 ...

  17. File list: InP.Adl.50.Input_control.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.50.Input_control.AllCell ce10 Input control Input control Adult SRX005630,S...,SRX495061,SRX494898,SRX235166,SRX012299 ...

  18. File list: Oth.Adl.50.Epitope_tags.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.50.Epitope_tags.AllCell dm3 TFs and others Epitope tags Adult SRX181419,SRX...ttp:// ...

  19. File list: Oth.Adl.20.Epitope_tags.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.20.Epitope_tags.AllCell dm3 TFs and others Epitope tags Adult SRX181427,SRX...ttp:// ...

  20. File list: ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Testis [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Testis dm3 All antigens Adult Testis SRX390502,SRX390501,SRX390503...,SRX017856,SRX017854 ...

  1. File list: ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Testis [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Testis dm3 All antigens Adult Testis SRX017857,SRX390502,SRX390501...,SRX017856,SRX390503,SRX017854 ...

  2. File list: His.Adl.05.AllAg.Testis [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.05.AllAg.Testis dm3 Histone Adult Testis SRX017854,SRX017856,SRX390501,SRX3...90502 ...

  3. File list: His.Adl.20.AllAg.Testis [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.20.AllAg.Testis dm3 Histone Adult Testis SRX390502,SRX390501,SRX017856,SRX0...17854 ...

  4. File list: ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Testis [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Testis dm3 All antigens Adult Testis SRX017854,SRX017856,SRX017857...,SRX390503,SRX390501,SRX390502 ...

  5. File list: ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Testis [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Testis dm3 All antigens Adult Testis SRX017857,SRX017854,SRX017856...,SRX390502,SRX390501,SRX390503 ...

  6. File list: His.Adl.10.AllAg.Testis [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.10.AllAg.Testis dm3 Histone Adult Testis SRX017854,SRX017856,SRX390502,SRX3...90501 ...

  7. File list: His.Adl.50.AllAg.Testis [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.50.AllAg.Testis dm3 Histone Adult Testis SRX390502,SRX390501,SRX017856,SRX0...17854 ...

  8. File list: Pol.Adl.20.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.20.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 RNA polymerase Adult Young adult SRX331268,SRX331...RX043964 ...

  9. File list: InP.Adl.10.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.10.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 Input control Adult Young adult SRX005630,SRX0056...6,SRX005633 ...

  10. File list: Pol.Adl.10.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.10.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 RNA polymerase Adult Young adult SRX395531,SRX331...RX043965 ...

  11. File list: ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 All antigens Adult Young adult SRX395531,SRX08007...4210,SRX005633 ...

  12. File list: Oth.Adl.10.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.10.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 TFs and others Adult Young adult SRX080072,SRX331...,SRX054211,SRX054210 ...

  13. File list: His.Adl.10.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.10.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 Histone Adult Young adult SRX1388777,SRX1388779,S...SRX554724,SRX554734,SRX1388769,SRX012297,SRX012298,SRX012300 ...

  14. File list: Pol.Adl.05.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.05.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 RNA polymerase Adult Young adult SRX395531,SRX331...RX043965 ...

  15. File list: ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 All antigens Adult Young adult SRX080072,SRX39553...2299,SRX005633 ...

  16. File list: His.Adl.50.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.50.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 Histone Adult Young adult SRX1388777,SRX554723,SR...1388779,SRX1388772,SRX1388771,SRX1388778,SRX012297 ...

  17. File list: Unc.Adl.05.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.05.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 Unclassified Adult Young adult SRX707297,SRX70729...8 ...

  18. File list: Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 TFs and others Adult Young adult SRX331330,SRX146...,SRX054211 ...

  19. File list: His.Adl.05.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.05.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 Histone Adult Young adult SRX554723,SRX1388779,SR...RX1388775,SRX554734,SRX1388768,SRX012297,SRX012298,SRX012300 ...

  20. File list: ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 All antigens Adult Young adult SRX331330,SRX14642...54208,SRX054210,SRX054211 ...

  1. File list: ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 All antigens Adult Young adult SRX331330,SRX14642...4210 ...

  2. File list: Unc.Adl.20.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.20.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 Unclassified Adult Young adult SRX707297,SRX70729...8 ...

  3. File list: InP.Adl.05.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.05.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 Input control Adult Young adult SRX005630,SRX4670...9,SRX005633 ...

  4. File list: Unc.Adl.10.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.10.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 Unclassified Adult Young adult SRX707297,SRX70729...8 ...

  5. File list: InP.Adl.50.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.50.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 Input control Adult Young adult SRX005630,SRX3732...X331269,SRX331331,SRX467093,SRX982096,SRX1388752,SRX1388749,SRX235166,SRX012299 ...

  6. File list: Oth.Adl.20.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.20.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 TFs and others Adult Young adult SRX331330,SRX146...,SRX054208,SRX054210 ...

  7. File list: InP.Adl.20.AllAg.Young_adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.20.AllAg.Young_adult ce10 Input control Adult Young adult SRX005630,SRX0056...9 ...

  8. File list: InP.Adl.20.Input_control.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.20.Input_control.AllCell ce10 Input control Input control Adult SRX005630,S...388744,SRX005633,SRX1388753,SRX467093,SRX1388752,SRX1388749 ...

  9. File list: InP.Adl.10.Input_control.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.10.Input_control.AllCell ce10 Input control Input control Adult SRX005630,S...RX080064,SRX1388754,SRX554715,SRX080060,SRX012299,SRX012296,SRX005633 ...

  10. File list: InP.Adl.05.Input_control.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.05.Input_control.AllCell ce10 Input control Input control Adult SRX005630,S...RX080064,SRX323687,SRX1388754,SRX146417,SRX012296,SRX012299,SRX005633 ...

  11. File list: Unc.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_female [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_female dm3 Unclassified Adult Adult female SRX042248,SRX0130...18,SRX032119,SRX013048 ...

  12. File list: His.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_female [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_female dm3 Histone Adult Adult female SRX013017,SRX013034,SR...X013105,SRX013111 ...

  13. File list: Oth.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_female [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_female dm3 TFs and others Adult Adult female SRX025476,SRX10...84165,SRX032118,SRX041381,SRX016140,SRX013047 ...

  14. File list: Unc.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_female [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_female dm3 Unclassified Adult Adult female SRX042248,SRX0130...18,SRX013048 ...

  15. File list: Oth.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_female [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_female dm3 TFs and others Adult Adult female SRX1084165,SRX0...25476,SRX013047,SRX041381,SRX032118,SRX016140 ...

  16. File list: Unc.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_female [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_female dm3 Unclassified Adult Adult female SRX042248,SRX0130...18,SRX013048,SRX032119 ...

  17. File list: ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_female [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_female dm3 All antigens Adult Adult female SRX025476,SRX0422...13048,SRX032119,SRX013111 ...

  18. File list: Oth.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_female [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_female dm3 TFs and others Adult Adult female SRX1084165,SRX0...25476,SRX041381,SRX013047,SRX032118,SRX016140 ...

  19. File list: ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_female [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_female dm3 All antigens Adult Adult female SRX1084165,SRX025...13111,SRX013105 ...

  20. File list: Unc.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_female [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_female dm3 Unclassified Adult Adult female SRX042248,SRX0130...48,SRX032119,SRX013018 ...

  1. File list: ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_female [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_female dm3 All antigens Adult Adult female SRX013017,SRX1084...13018,SRX013111,SRX016140 ...

  2. File list: His.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_female [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_female dm3 Histone Adult Adult female SRX013017,SRX013034,SR...X013111,SRX013105 ...

  3. File list: ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_female [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_female dm3 All antigens Adult Adult female SRX1084165,SRX013...13048,SRX013105,SRX013111 ...

  4. File list: His.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_female [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_female dm3 Histone Adult Adult female SRX013017,SRX013034,SR...X013105,SRX013111 ...

  5. File list: Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_female [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_female dm3 TFs and others Adult Adult female SRX1084165,SRX0...25476,SRX041381,SRX032118,SRX013047,SRX016140 ...

  6. File list: His.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_female [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_female dm3 Histone Adult Adult female SRX013017,SRX013034,SR...X013105,SRX013111 ...

  7. File list: InP.Adl.20.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.20.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 Input control Adult Octopaminergic neur...ons ...

  8. File list: NoD.Adl.05.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available NoD.Adl.05.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 No description Adult Octopaminergic neu...rons ...

  9. File list: His.Adl.05.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.05.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 Histone Adult Octopaminergic neurons SR...X135530,SRX135531 ...

  10. File list: InP.Adl.05.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.05.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 Input control Adult Octopaminergic neur...ons ...

  11. File list: InP.Adl.10.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.10.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 Input control Adult Octopaminergic neur...ons ...

  12. File list: InP.Adl.50.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.50.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 Input control Adult Octopaminergic neur...ons ...

  13. File list: Oth.Adl.20.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.20.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 TFs and others Adult Octopaminergic neu...rons ...

  14. File list: Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 TFs and others Adult Octopaminergic neu...rons ...

  15. File list: His.Adl.10.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.10.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 Histone Adult Octopaminergic neurons SR...X135530,SRX135531 ...

  16. File list: ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 All antigens Adult Octopaminergic neuro...ns SRX135531,SRX135530 ...

  17. File list: His.Adl.20.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.20.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 Histone Adult Octopaminergic neurons SR...X135531,SRX135530 ...

  18. File list: ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 All antigens Adult Octopaminergic neuro...ns SRX135530,SRX135531 ...

  19. File list: NoD.Adl.20.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available NoD.Adl.20.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 No description Adult Octopaminergic neu...rons ...

  20. File list: Pol.Adl.50.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.50.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 RNA polymerase Adult Octopaminergic neu...rons ...

  1. File list: Pol.Adl.05.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.05.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 RNA polymerase Adult Octopaminergic neu...rons ...

  2. File list: ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 All antigens Adult Octopaminergic neuro...ns SRX135530,SRX135531 ...

  3. File list: Oth.Adl.05.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.05.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 TFs and others Adult Octopaminergic neu...rons ...

  4. File list: Oth.Adl.10.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.10.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 TFs and others Adult Octopaminergic neu...rons ...

  5. File list: NoD.Adl.10.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available NoD.Adl.10.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 No description Adult Octopaminergic neu...rons ...

  6. File list: Pol.Adl.10.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.10.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 RNA polymerase Adult Octopaminergic neu...rons ...

  7. File list: His.Adl.50.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.50.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 Histone Adult Octopaminergic neurons SR...X135530,SRX135531 ...

  8. File list: Pol.Adl.20.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.20.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 RNA polymerase Adult Octopaminergic neu...rons ...

  9. File list: ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 All antigens Adult Octopaminergic neuro...ns SRX135530,SRX135531 ...

  10. File list: NoD.Adl.50.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available NoD.Adl.50.AllAg.Octopaminergic_neurons dm3 No description Adult Octopaminergic neu...rons ...

  11. File list: ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 All antigens Adult Adult male fatbody SRX04...2251,SRX042245,SRX042250 ...

  12. File list: Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_body [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_body dm3 TFs and others Adult Adult body SRX181435,SRX181431...,SRX181437,SRX181433,SRX181441,SRX181439 ...

  13. File list: InP.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_body [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_body dm3 Input control Adult Adult body SRX181432,SRX181440,...SRX181436,SRX181434,SRX181438,SRX181442 ...

  14. File list: InP.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_body [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_body dm3 Input control Adult Adult body SRX181432,SRX181440,...SRX181436,SRX181438,SRX181434,SRX181442 ...

  15. File list: Oth.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 TFs and others Adult Adult male fatbody htt...p:// ...

  16. File list: Pol.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 RNA polymerase Adult Adult male fatbody htt...p:// ...

  17. File list: Unc.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 Unclassified Adult Adult male fatbody SRX04...2251,SRX042245,SRX042250 ...

  18. File list: Pol.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 RNA polymerase Adult Adult male fatbody htt...p:// ...

  19. File list: Unc.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 Unclassified Adult Adult male fatbody SRX04...2251,SRX042245,SRX042250 ...

  20. File list: Oth.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 TFs and others Adult Adult male fatbody htt...p:// ...

  1. File list: Pol.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 RNA polymerase Adult Adult male fatbody htt...p:// ...

  2. File list: ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 All antigens Adult Adult male fatbody SRX04...2251,SRX042245,SRX042250 ...

  3. File list: ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 All antigens Adult Adult male fatbody SRX04...2245,SRX042251,SRX042250 ...

  4. File list: Oth.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_body [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_body dm3 TFs and others Adult Adult body SRX181435,SRX181437...,SRX181431,SRX181433,SRX181441,SRX181439 ...

  5. File list: InP.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_body [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_body dm3 Input control Adult Adult body SRX181440,SRX181432,...SRX181436,SRX181434,SRX181438,SRX181442 ...

  6. File list: Unc.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 Unclassified Adult Adult male fatbody SRX04...2251,SRX042245,SRX042250 ...

  7. File list: Oth.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_body [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_body dm3 TFs and others Adult Adult body SRX181435,SRX181431...,SRX181433,SRX181437,SRX181441,SRX181439 ...

  8. File list: Oth.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_body [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_body dm3 TFs and others Adult Adult body SRX181433,SRX181435...,SRX181431,SRX181437,SRX181439,SRX181441 ...

  9. File list: Unc.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 Unclassified Adult Adult male fatbody SRX04...2245,SRX042251,SRX042250 ...

  10. File list: Oth.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 TFs and others Adult Adult male fatbody htt...p:// ...

  11. File list: ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 All antigens Adult Adult male fatbody SRX04...2251,SRX042245,SRX042250 ...

  12. File list: Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_male_fatbody dm3 TFs and others Adult Adult male fatbody htt...p:// ...

  13. File list: Pol.Adl.50.RNA_polymerase_III.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.50.RNA_polymerase_III.AllCell ce10 RNA polymerase RNA polymerase III Adult ...SRX331268,SRX331270,SRX395531 ...

  14. File list: ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult ce10 All antigens Adult Adult SRX743640,SRX794054,SRX958296,...45,SRX743644,SRX743641,SRX743650,SRX113609 ...

  15. File list: ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Ovary dm3 All antigens Adult Ovary SRX485220,SRX485219,SRX1134696,...X485205,SRX661228 ...

  16. File list: ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult ce10 All antigens Adult Adult SRX148639,SRX743640,SRX794054,...45,SRX113617,SRX113600,SRX113609,SRX743644 ...

  17. File list: ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult ce10 All antigens Adult Adult SRX794054,SRX958296,SRX958294,...47,SRX743650,SRX743648,SRX743651,SRX113609 ...

  18. File list: ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult ce10 All antigens Adult Adult SRX794054,SRX958296,SRX958294,...51,SRX743648,SRX743647 ...

  19. File list: ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Ovary dm3 All antigens Adult Ovary SRX101478,SRX485215,SRX264599,S...215627,SRX1165009 ...

  20. File list: ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Ovary dm3 All antigens Adult Ovary SRX485215,SRX1149373,SRX485203,...X215623,SRX215627 ...

  1. File list: ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Ovary dm3 All antigens Adult Ovary SRX201903,SRX485216,SRX201902,S...X215627,SRX485205 ...

  2. File list: NoD.Adl.05.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available NoD.Adl.05.AllAg.Ovary dm3 No description Adult Ovary SRX1149373,SRX1149371,SRX1149...49372,SRX1166569,SRX1167619,SRX1167592,SRX1167591,SRX1150356,SRX1151231,SRX1149358,SRX1165009 ...

  3. File list: Pol.Adl.20.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.20.AllAg.Ovary dm3 RNA polymerase Adult Ovary SRX201903,SRX201902,SRX485220...,SRX485219,SRX201901,SRX201900,SRX220300,SRX220297,SRX220304,SRX220308,SRX220306 ...

  4. File list: InP.Adl.20.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.20.AllAg.Ovary dm3 Input control Adult Ovary SRX264598,SRX220299,SRX220301,...20697,SRX1120698,SRX215629,SRX507394,SRX215623,SRX215627 ...

  5. File list: His.Adl.20.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.20.AllAg.Ovary dm3 Histone Adult Ovary SRX485216,SRX485222,SRX485221,SRX485...X507390,SRX507389,SRX1120702,SRX220295,SRX507383 ...

  6. File list: His.Adl.05.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.05.AllAg.Ovary dm3 Histone Adult Ovary SRX485215,SRX264599,SRX485217,SRX112...RX507382,SRX507381,SRX507390,SRX507389,SRX079914 ...

  7. File list: Unc.Adl.05.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.05.AllAg.Ovary dm3 Unclassified Adult Ovary SRX485208,SRX485203,SRX485202,S...SRX485211,SRX485204,SRX485212,SRX661233,SRX485210,SRX485205 ...

  8. File list: Pol.Adl.50.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.50.AllAg.Ovary dm3 RNA polymerase Adult Ovary SRX485220,SRX485219,SRX201901...,SRX201900,SRX220300,SRX201903,SRX201902,SRX220297,SRX220304,SRX220308,SRX220306 ...

  9. File list: Pol.Adl.05.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.05.AllAg.Ovary dm3 RNA polymerase Adult Ovary SRX220306,SRX201903,SRX201902...,SRX201900,SRX201901,SRX220297,SRX220300,SRX220308,SRX485219,SRX485220,SRX220304 ...

  10. File list: Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Ovary dm3 TFs and others Adult Ovary SRX101475,SRX101478,SRX661230...,SRX101476,SRX661232,SRX507387,SRX507388,SRX507379,SRX507380,SRX101479,SRX661229,SRX661228 ...

  11. File list: InP.Adl.50.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.50.AllAg.Ovary dm3 Input control Adult Ovary SRX264598,SRX1120694,SRX507393...215629,SRX507394,SRX215627,SRX215623,SRX215625,SRX507386 ...

  12. File list: Unc.Adl.50.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.50.AllAg.Ovary dm3 Unclassified Adult Ovary SRX1134696,SRX1134705,SRX113469...SRX485208,SRX485204,SRX485206,SRX485210,SRX661233,SRX485205 ...

  13. File list: Oth.Adl.10.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.10.AllAg.Ovary dm3 TFs and others Adult Ovary SRX101475,SRX101478,SRX661230...,SRX101476,SRX661232,SRX507379,SRX101479,SRX507387,SRX507388,SRX507380,SRX661229,SRX661228 ...

  14. File list: NoD.Adl.50.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available NoD.Adl.50.AllAg.Ovary dm3 No description Adult Ovary SRX1168458,SRX1167499,SRX1166...67591,SRX1151230,SRX1167500,SRX1167622,SRX1167504,SRX1149359,SRX1149372,SRX1165009,SRX1149358 ...

  15. File list: NoD.Adl.10.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available NoD.Adl.10.AllAg.Ovary dm3 No description Adult Ovary SRX1149373,SRX1168458,SRX1167...67592,SRX1167591,SRX1166568,SRX1149358,SRX1149372,SRX1150357,SRX1150356,SRX1151231,SRX1165009 ...

  16. File list: His.Adl.10.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.10.AllAg.Ovary dm3 Histone Adult Ovary SRX485215,SRX1120699,SRX1120695,SRX1...RX507381,SRX215628,SRX507389,SRX507390,SRX079914 ...

  17. File list: Unc.Adl.10.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.10.AllAg.Ovary dm3 Unclassified Adult Ovary SRX485203,SRX485202,SRX485207,S...SRX661233,SRX485204,SRX485209,SRX485205,SRX485210,SRX485206 ...

  18. File list: NoD.Adl.20.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available NoD.Adl.20.AllAg.Ovary dm3 No description Adult Ovary SRX1168458,SRX1149371,SRX1149...66568,SRX1166569,SRX1149359,SRX1149358,SRX1150357,SRX1150356,SRX1151231,SRX1165009,SRX1149372 ...

  19. File list: Unc.Adl.20.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.20.AllAg.Ovary dm3 Unclassified Adult Ovary SRX1134696,SRX1134705,SRX113469...SRX485204,SRX485206,SRX485209,SRX485210,SRX661233,SRX485205 ...

  20. File list: Oth.Adl.05.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.05.AllAg.Ovary dm3 TFs and others Adult Ovary SRX101478,SRX101479,SRX661230...,SRX101475,SRX101476,SRX661232,SRX507387,SRX507379,SRX507380,SRX507388,SRX661228,SRX661229 ...

  1. File list: Pol.Adl.10.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.10.AllAg.Ovary dm3 RNA polymerase Adult Ovary SRX201903,SRX201902,SRX201900...,SRX201901,SRX220297,SRX220300,SRX485219,SRX485220,SRX220304,SRX220308,SRX220306 ...

  2. File list: InP.Adl.10.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.10.AllAg.Ovary dm3 Input control Adult Ovary SRX264598,SRX220299,SRX220303,...215629,SRX507386,SRX215625,SRX220307,SRX215623,SRX215627 ...

  3. File list: Oth.Adl.20.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.20.AllAg.Ovary dm3 TFs and others Adult Ovary SRX101475,SRX101478,SRX661230...,SRX661232,SRX507387,SRX101479,SRX507379,SRX507388,SRX101476,SRX661229,SRX661228,SRX507380 ...

  4. File list: His.Adl.50.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.50.AllAg.Ovary dm3 Histone Adult Ovary SRX485213,SRX485221,SRX485222,SRX485...RX507381,SRX507389,SRX220295,SRX507390,SRX507383 ...

  5. File list: InP.Adl.05.AllAg.Ovary [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.05.AllAg.Ovary dm3 Input control Adult Ovary SRX220301,SRX220305,SRX220299,...15623,SRX1120704,SRX215629,SRX507386,SRX215625,SRX215627 ...




    The results of a Canadian study have shown that a set of 12 (I)ADL items did not meet the criteria of Guttman's scalogram program, questioning the assumption of hierarchical ordering. In this article, the hierarchical structure of (I)ADL items from the Canadian elderly sample is retested with anothe

  7. The Development of a Hierarchical Polychotomous ADL-IADL Scale for Noninstitutionalized Elders.

    Kempen, G. I. J. M.; Suurmeijer, T. P. B. M.


    Tested hierarchical scale comprising 18 activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) items on 101 noninstitutionalized older adults in Netherlands. Results confirmed possibility of constructing unidimensional, hierarchical. polychotomous scale measuring "functional problems on ADL-IADL." Considered…

  8. File list: Oth.Adl.10.mre-11.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.10.mre-11.AllCell ce10 TFs and others mre-11 Adult SRX494877,SRX494868,SRX4...94867 ...

  9. File list: Oth.Adl.50.GFP.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.50.GFP.AllCell dm3 TFs and others GFP Adult SRX025476,SRX041381,SRX661230,S...RX661232,SRX016140 ...

  10. File list: Oth.Adl.20.GFP.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.20.GFP.AllCell ce10 TFs and others GFP Adult SRX395523,SRX395525,SRX080061,...0,SRX080067 ...

  11. File list: Oth.Adl.20.GFP.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.20.GFP.AllCell dm3 TFs and others GFP Adult SRX025476,SRX041381,SRX661230,S...RX661232,SRX016140 ...

  12. File list: Oth.Adl.10.GFP.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.10.GFP.AllCell dm3 TFs and others GFP Adult SRX025476,SRX041381,SRX661230,S...RX661232,SRX016140 ...

  13. File list: Unc.Adl.50.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.50.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells dm3 Unclassified Adult Temperature sen...sitive cells ...

  14. File list: Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells dm3 TFs and others Adult Temperature s...ensitive cells SRX699115 ...

  15. File list: Oth.Adl.10.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.10.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells dm3 TFs and others Adult Temperature s...ensitive cells SRX699115 ...

  16. File list: Pol.Adl.05.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.05.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells dm3 RNA polymerase Adult Temperature s...ensitive cells ...

  17. File list: ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells dm3 All antigens Adult Temperature sen...811238 ...

  18. File list: Oth.Adl.20.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.20.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells dm3 TFs and others Adult Temperature s...ensitive cells SRX699115 ...

  19. File list: Unc.Adl.20.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.20.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells dm3 Unclassified Adult Temperature sen...sitive cells ...

  20. File list: ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells dm3 All antigens Adult Temperature sen...699108 ...

  1. File list: ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells dm3 All antigens Adult Temperature sen...699108 ...

  2. File list: DNS.Adl.05.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available DNS.Adl.05.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells dm3 DNase-seq Adult Temperature sensit...ive cells ...

  3. File list: Pol.Adl.20.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.20.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells dm3 RNA polymerase Adult Temperature s...ensitive cells ...

  4. File list: ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.50.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells dm3 All antigens Adult Temperature sen...811237 ...

  5. File list: Unc.Adl.05.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.05.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells dm3 Unclassified Adult Temperature sen...sitive cells ...

  6. File list: Oth.Adl.05.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.05.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells dm3 TFs and others Adult Temperature s...ensitive cells SRX699115 ...

  7. File list: Pol.Adl.50.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.50.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells dm3 RNA polymerase Adult Temperature s...ensitive cells ...

  8. File list: DNS.Adl.10.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available DNS.Adl.10.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells dm3 DNase-seq Adult Temperature sensit...ive cells ...

  9. File list: Unc.Adl.10.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Unc.Adl.10.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells dm3 Unclassified Adult Temperature sen...sitive cells ...

  10. File list: Pol.Adl.10.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.10.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells dm3 RNA polymerase Adult Temperature s...ensitive cells ...

  11. File list: DNS.Adl.20.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available DNS.Adl.20.AllAg.Temperature_sensitive_cells dm3 DNase-seq Adult Temperature sensit...ive cells ...

  12. File list: InP.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_head [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_head dm3 Input control Adult Adult head SRX181420,SRX287938,...SRX287705 ...

  13. File list: Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_head [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_head dm3 TFs and others Adult Adult head SRX287961,SRX287962...1427,SRX288014,SRX288013,SRX181429,SRX287755,SRX287756 ...

  14. File list: His.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_head [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_head dm3 Histone Adult Adult head SRX287978,SRX287840,SRX287...287784,SRX287783,SRX287795,SRX287796,SRX403437,SRX403435,SRX403434 ...

  15. File list: Oth.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_head [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_head dm3 TFs and others Adult Adult head SRX287961,SRX287962...7958,SRX288014,SRX288013,SRX181429,SRX287755,SRX287756 ...

  16. File list: Oth.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_head [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_head dm3 TFs and others Adult Adult head SRX287962,SRX287961...7958,SRX288013,SRX288014,SRX287755,SRX181429,SRX287756 ...

  17. File list: His.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_head [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_head dm3 Histone Adult Adult head SRX287840,SRX287839,SRX287...287796,SRX287943,SRX287795,SRX287783,SRX287656,SRX287655 ...

  18. File list: Oth.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_head [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_head dm3 TFs and others Adult Adult head SRX287962,SRX287961...7958,SRX288014,SRX181429,SRX288013,SRX287755,SRX287756 ...

  19. File list: InP.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_head [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_head dm3 Input control Adult Adult head SRX181420,SRX287938,...SRX287937 ...

  20. File list: InP.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_head [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_head dm3 Input control Adult Adult head SRX181420,SRX287938,...SRX287654 ...

  1. File list: His.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_head [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_head dm3 Histone Adult Adult head SRX287832,SRX287831,SRX287...287828,SRX403435,SRX403434,SRX287795,SRX287796,SRX287784,SRX287783 ...

  2. File list: ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_head [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult_head dm3 All antigens Adult Adult head SRX287831,SRX287832,S...287705 ...

  3. File list: ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_head [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult_head dm3 All antigens Adult Adult head SRX287832,SRX287831,S...287783 ...

  4. File list: InP.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_head [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.50.AllAg.Adult_head dm3 Input control Adult Adult head SRX287938,SRX287662,...SRX287654 ...

  5. File list: ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_head [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available ALL.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult_head dm3 All antigens Adult Adult head SRX287961,SRX287962,S...287654 ...

  6. File list: NoD.Adl.05.NA.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available NoD.Adl.05.NA.AllCell dm3 No description NA Adult SRX1149373,SRX1149371,SRX1149359,...2,SRX1166569,SRX1167619,SRX1167592,SRX1167591,SRX1150356,SRX1151231,SRX1149358,SRX1165009 ...

  7. File list: Pol.Adl.05.RNA_Polymerase_II.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.05.RNA_Polymerase_II.AllCell ce10 RNA polymerase RNA Polymerase II Adult SR...SRX1388757,SRX1388756 ...

  8. File list: Pol.Adl.10.RNA_Polymerase_II.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.10.RNA_Polymerase_II.AllCell ce10 RNA polymerase RNA Polymerase II Adult SR...SRX1388756,SRX1388757 ...

  9. File list: His.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.05.AllAg.Adult ce10 Histone Adult Adult SRX148639,SRX743640,SRX958296,SRX95...X113609,SRX743644 ...

  10. File list: His.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.20.AllAg.Adult ce10 Histone Adult Adult SRX958296,SRX958294,SRX958297,SRX95...X743651,SRX113609 ...

  11. File list: His.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available His.Adl.10.AllAg.Adult ce10 Histone Adult Adult SRX743640,SRX958296,SRX958294,SRX95...X743650,SRX113609 ...

  12. File list: Oth.Adl.10.SuBRACKETLTplBRACKETR.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.10.SuBRACKETLTplBRACKETR.AllCell dm3 TFs and others Su(Tpl) Adult ...

  13. File list: Oth.Adl.10.Epitope_tags.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.10.Epitope_tags.AllCell dm3 TFs and others Epitope tags Adult SRX181427,SRX...ttp:// ...

  14. File list: Pol.Adl.20.RNA_polymerase_III.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Pol.Adl.20.RNA_polymerase_III.AllCell ce10 RNA polymerase RNA polymerase III Adult ...SRX331268,SRX331270,SRX395531,SRX395532 ...

  15. Self-reported quality of ADL task performance among patients with COPD exacerbations

    Bendixen, Hans Jørgen; Wæhrens, Eva Ejlersen; Wilcke, Jon Torgny;


    more than 90% of the participants reported increased effort and/or fatigue when performing the ADL tasks, up to 88% of the participants relied on help from others in the performance of general household chores like cooking and shopping. Self-reported ADL ability did not correlate with age, gender...

  16. File list: Oth.Adl.05.Epitope_tags.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.05.Epitope_tags.AllCell dm3 TFs and others Epitope tags Adult SRX181427,SRX...ttp:// ...

  17. File list: Oth.Adl.50.zhp-3.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.50.zhp-3.AllCell ce10 TFs and others zhp-3 Adult SRX494885,SRX494905,SRX494...904,SRX494884 ...

  18. File list: Oth.Adl.10.zhp-3.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.10.zhp-3.AllCell ce10 TFs and others zhp-3 Adult SRX494884,SRX494904,SRX494...885,SRX494905 ...

  19. File list: Oth.Adl.05.zhp-3.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.05.zhp-3.AllCell ce10 TFs and others zhp-3 Adult SRX494884,SRX494904,SRX494...885,SRX494905 ...

  20. File list: Oth.Adl.20.zhp-3.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available Oth.Adl.20.zhp-3.AllCell ce10 TFs and others zhp-3 Adult SRX494885,SRX494905,SRX494...904,SRX494884 ...

  1. File list: InP.Adl.50.Input_control.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

    Full Text Available InP.Adl.50.Input_control.AllCell dm3 Input control Input control Adult SRX181432,SR...15625,SRX507386,SRX390503,SRX016141 ...

  2. File list: InP.Adl.20.Input_control.AllCell [Chip-atlas[Archive

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  14. Self-reported and Observed Quality of ADL Task Performance in Adults with Depression

    Nielsen, Kristina Tomra; Wæhrens, Eva


    reported (figure 1 and 2) and demonstrated increased effort and/or fatigue, increased use of time, need for assistance and safety problems. 85% had AMPS ADL motor ability measures below cut-off indicating clumsiness, fatigue, increased effort, safety risk and/or need of assistance during ADL task...... on self-report and observation to some extent provide similar information related to quality of ADL task performance in adults with depression. Thus, at group level problems in terms of increased physical effort and/or fatigue, inefficient use of time, some safety risk and/or need for assistance were both......Introduction Limited relationship between measures of self-reported and observed quality of ADL task performance has been revealed in a rheumatologic population, stressing the need to apply both self-report and observation in that population when evaluating ADL task performance. As occupational...

  15. Constructing Active Architectures in the ArchWare ADL

    Morrison, Ron; Balasubramaniam, Dharini; Mickan, Kath; Oquendo, Flavio; Cîmpan, Sorana; Warboys, Brian; Snowdon, Bob; Greenwood, Mark


    Software that cannot change is condemned to atrophy: it cannot accommodate the constant revision and re-negotiation of its business goals nor intercept the potential of new technology. To accommodate change in such systems we have defined an active software architecture to be: dynamic in that the structure and cardinality of the components and interactions are not statically known; updatable in that components can be replaced dynamically; and evolvable in that it permits its executing specification to be changed. Here we describe the facilities of the ArchWare architecture description language (ADL) for specifying active architectures. The contribution of the work is the unique combination of concepts including: a {\\pi}-calculus based communication and expression language for specifying executable architectures; hyper-code as an underlying representation of system execution; a decomposition operator to break up and introspect on executing systems; and structural reflection for creating new components and bind...

  16. Muscle strength as a predictor of onset of ADL dependence in people aged 75 years

    Rantanen, Taina; Avlund, Kirsten; Suominen, Harri


    The aim of this prospective study over 5 years was to examine maximal isometric strength of multiple muscle groups as a predictor of losing independence in activities of daily living (ADL). The participants were from the Nordic Research on Aging (NORA75). These analyses are restricted to 567 people....... Of the 227 initially ADL independent men, 21 (9.3%) became dependent in ADL. In women, the figures were 30 (8.8%) of 340. Multiple logistic regression models were used to predict the risk of ADL dependence in groups based on strength tertiles. After confirming that the association of muscle strength...... dependent because of poor muscle strength, and who could reduce their risk by strengthening exercises....

  17. AeroADL: applying the integration of the Suomi-NPP science algorithms with the Algorithm Development Library to the calibration and validation task

    Houchin, J. S.


    A common problem for the off-line validation of the calibration algorithms and algorithm coefficients is being able to run science data through the exact same software used for on-line calibration of that data. The Joint Polar Satellite System (JPSS) program solved part of this problem by making the Algorithm Development Library (ADL) available, which allows the operational algorithm code to be compiled and run on a desktop Linux workstation using flat file input and output. However, this solved only part of the problem, as the toolkit and methods to initiate the processing of data through the algorithms were geared specifically toward the algorithm developer, not the calibration analyst. In algorithm development mode, a limited number of sets of test data are staged for the algorithm once, and then run through the algorithm over and over as the software is developed and debugged. In calibration analyst mode, we are continually running new data sets through the algorithm, which requires significant effort to stage each of those data sets for the algorithm without additional tools. AeroADL solves this second problem by providing a set of scripts that wrap the ADL tools, providing both efficient means to stage and process an input data set, to override static calibration coefficient look-up-tables (LUT) with experimental versions of those tables, and to manage a library containing multiple versions of each of the static LUT files in such a way that the correct set of LUTs required for each algorithm are automatically provided to the algorithm without analyst effort. Using AeroADL, The Aerospace Corporation's analyst team has demonstrated the ability to quickly and efficiently perform analysis tasks for both the VIIRS and OMPS sensors with minimal training on the software tools.

  18. Functional evaluation distinguishes MCI patients from healthy elderly people--the ADCS/MCI/ADL scale.

    Pedrosa, H; De Sa, A; Guerreiro, M; Maroco, J; Simoes, M R; Galasko, D; de Mendonca, A


    Patients with MCI may present minor impairments in activities of daily living (ADL). The main objective of this work was to evaluate the ability of two versions of the Alzheimer's Disease Cooperative Study/Activities of Daily Living scale adapted for MCI patients (ADCS/MCI/ADL18 and ADCS/MCI/ADL24) to distinguish patients with MCI from healthy control subjects. Participants were 60 years or older and community dwelling: 31 control subjects, 30 aMCI patients and 33 AD patients. A protocol of neuropsychological tests, global evaluation scales, functional scales, and depressive symptoms assessment was used. Activities of balancing the cheque book, using a telephone, going shopping, taking medication regularly, finding objects, talking about current events, watching television, initiating complex activities, keeping appointments or meetings, reading, getting around outside the home and driving a car were impaired in aMCI patients. The ADCS/MCI/ADL24 scale was better than the ADCS/MCI/ADL18 scale in distinguishing aMCI patients from healthy controls (sensitivity=0.87, specificity=0.87, ROC c=0.887, cut-off point=52/53). The detection of initial functional changes with appropriate scales may contribute to the early diagnosis of MCI and the development of targeted interventions to improve everyday function or prolong independence.

  19. Sociodemographic Effects on the Onset and Recovery of ADL Disability among Chinese Oldest-old


    Full Text Available By pooling the data from the three waves (1998, 2000, and 2002 of the Chinese Longitudinal Health and Longevity Survey, this study examines the association of sociodemographic factors with the onset and recovery of ADL disability including changes in functional status before dying. The results show that the sociodemographic factors play some specific roles in disability dynamics at very high ages even after controlling for a rich set of confounders. Our results also point out that the conventional method, which excludes the information of ADL changes before dying due to unavailability of the data, overestimates the effects of age, gender, ethnicity, and living alone on disability transitions whereas it underestimates the effects of SES, although such discrepancies are not very big compared with the results including information of ADL changes before dying.

  20. Vision based assistive technology for people with dementia performing activities of daily living (ADLs): an overview

    As'ari, M. A.; Sheikh, U. U.


    The rapid development of intelligent assistive technology for replacing a human caregiver in assisting people with dementia performing activities of daily living (ADLs) promises in the reduction of care cost especially in training and hiring human caregiver. The main problem however, is the various kinds of sensing agents used in such system and is dependent on the intent (types of ADLs) and environment where the activity is performed. In this paper on overview of the potential of computer vision based sensing agent in assistive system and how it can be generalized and be invariant to various kind of ADLs and environment. We find that there exists a gap from the existing vision based human action recognition method in designing such system due to cognitive and physical impairment of people with dementia.

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  19. Katz' ADL index assessed functional performance of Turkish, Moroccan, and Dutch elderly

    Reijneveld, S.A.; Spijker, J.; Dijkshoorn, H.


    Background and Objective: We examined the reliability and validity of self-reported limitations encountered in the activities of daily living (ADL) as measure of functional performance, for Turkish, Moroccan, and indigenous Dutch elderly in the Netherlands. Methods: We obtained data on self-reported

  20. Measuring Disability: Application of the Rasch Model to Activities of Daily Living (ADL/IADL).

    Sheehan, T. Joseph; DeChello, Laurie M.; Garcia, Ramon; Fifield, Judith; Rothfield, Naomi; Reisine, Susan


    Performed a comparative analysis of Activities of Daily Living (ADL) items administered to 4,430 older adults and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living administered to 605 people with rheumatoid arthritis scoring both with Likert and Rasch measurement models. Findings show the superiority of the Rasch approach over the Likert method. (SLD)

  1. Katz' ADL index assessed functional performance of Turkish, Moroccan, and Dutch elderly

    Reijneveld, S.A.; Spijker, J.; Dijkshoorn, H.


    Background and Objective: We examined the reliability and validity of self-reported limitations encountered in the activities of daily living (ADL) as measure of functional performance, for Turkish, Moroccan, and indigenous Dutch elderly in the Netherlands. Methods: We obtained data on self-reported

  2. Changes in Antibody Levels during and following an Episode of Acute Adenolymphangitis (ADL among Lymphedema Patients in Leogane, Haiti.

    Katherine E Mues

    Full Text Available Episodes of acute adenolymphangitis (ADL are often the first clinical sign of lymphatic filariasis (LF. They are often accompanied by swelling of the affected limb, inflammation, fever, and general malaise and lead to the progression of lymphedema. Although ADL episodes have been studied for a century or more, questions still remain as to their etiology. We quantified antibody levels to pathogens that potentially contribute to ADL episodes during and after an episode among lymphedema patients in Léogâne, Haiti. We estimated the proportion of ADL episodes hypothesized to be attributed to specific pathogens.We measured antibody levels to specific pathogens during and following an ADL episode among 41 lymphedema patients enrolled in a cohort study in Léogâne, Haiti. We calculated the absolute and relative changes in antibody levels between the ADL and convalescent time points. We calculated the proportion of episodes that demonstrated a two-fold increase in antibody level for several bacterial, fungal, and filarial pathogens.Our results showed the greatest proportion of two-fold changes in antibody levels for the carbohydrate antigen Streptococcus group A, followed by IgG2 responses to a soluble filarial antigen (BpG2, Streptococcal Pyrogenic Exotoxin B, and an antigen for the fungal pathogen Candida. When comparing the median antibody level during the ADL episode to the median antibody level at the convalescent time point, only the antigens for Pseudomonas species (P-value = 0.0351 and Streptolysin O (P-value = 0.0074 showed a significant result.Although our results are limited by the lack of a control group and few antibody responses, they provide some evidence for infection with Streptococcus A as a potential contributing factor to ADL episodes. Our results add to the current evidence and illustrate the importance of determining the causal role of bacterial and fungal pathogens and immunological antifilarial response in ADL episodes.

  3. 品管圈在提高脑卒中患者ADL训练有效率中的应用%The effect of quality control circle on improving ADL training efficiency among cerebral stroke patients

    蒲树英; 蒋玮; 谭波涛; 张茂舒; 李青; 李良洪


    目的:将品管圈应用于脑卒中患者日常生活活动能力(ADL)训练,以提高患者ADL训练的有效率。方法成立品管圈小组,针对康复医学科脑卒中患者ADL训练有效率低的情况,运用品管圈手法进行现状把握、目标设定、要因分析、对策拟定并实施,观察活动前后脑卒中患者ADL训练的有效率。结果通过开展品管圈活动,脑卒中患者ADL训练有效率由活动前的42.67%(32/75)提高到活动后的67.50%(27/40),差异有统计学意义(χ2=6.439,P<0.01)。结论开展品管圈活动能提高脑卒中患者ADL训练的有效率,提升团队凝聚力,规范专科护士培训内容,丰富了专科护理内涵。%Objective To put into the application of quality control circle (QCC) in the ADL training process for cerebral stroke patients to raise the ADL training efficiency. Methods Based on the low efficiency in ADL training of cerebral stroke pa﹣tients in the department of rehabilitation medicine ,the QCC team was established and implemented the measurements such as grasping of current condition,objective setting,analysis of essential factors,countermeasure protocol. It was observed the effective rate of ADL training of cerebral stroke patients. Results It was established ADL team. The ADL training efficiency of cerebral stroke patients was significantly raised from 42.67%(32/75) to 67.50%(27/40),the difference had statistical significance (χ2=6.439, P<0.01). Conclusion The correct application of QCC is helpful for improving ADL training efficiency,strengthening the cohesion of team work,standarding the training content for nurses,playing a positive role in enriching the significance of nursing specialties.

  4. How many and which items of activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) are necessary for screening.

    Roehrig, Bernd; Hoeffken, Klaus; Pientka, Ludger; Wedding, Ulrich


    Geriatric assessment (GA) in elderly cancer patients serves as screening instrument to identify patients who are vulnerable or frail. To reduce the diagnostic burden for patients and caregivers, we asked how many and which items of ADL and IADL questionnaires are necessary to identify those patients with limitations in the sum score of ADL or IADL. Data of 327 elderly patients (age>or=60 years), of whom 27.9% had limitations in ADL and 36.0% in IADL score, were entered in a forward selection model. Four out of ten items of ADL identified 95.3% of patients with limitations in ADL. Two out of eight items of IADL identified 97.4% of patients with limitations in IADL. The combined use of these items recognised 98.5% of patients with limitations in ADL or IADL score. If ADL and IADL scores are used for screening, we recommend an abbreviated version with 6 instead of 18 items.

  5. Disability in the Individual ADL, IADL, and Mobility among Older Adults: A Prospective Cohort Study.

    Bleijenberg, N; Zuithoff, N P A; Smith, A K; de Wit, N J; Schuurmans, M J


    To examine the risk of disability in 15 individual ADL, IADL, and mobility in older adults by age; and to assess the association of multimorbidity, gender, and education with disability. A prospective cohort study. The sample included 805 community-dwelling older people aged 60+ living in the Netherlands. Disability was assessed using the Katz-15 Index of Independence in Basic Activities of Daily Living (ADL), Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) and one mobility item. Disability in any of these activities was defined as the inability to perform the activity without assistance. The risk of disability by age for each individual ADL, IADL, and for mobility was assessed using Generalized mixed models. Disability in activities as household tasks, traveling, shopping, and continence had the highest risk and increased rapidly with age. The risk traveling disability among people aged 65 with two comorbidities increase from 9% to 37% at age 85. Disability in using the telephone, managing medications, finances, transferring, and toileting, had a very low risk and hardly increased with age. Compared to those without chronic conditions, those with ≥ 3 chronic conditions had a 3 to 5 times higher risk of developing disability. Males had a higher risk of disability in managing medication (P=0.005), and preparing meals (P=0.019), whereas females had a higher risk of disability with traveling (P=0.001). No association between education and disability on the individual ADL, IADL, and mobility was observed. Older adults were mostly disabled in physical related activities, whereas disability in more cognitive related activities was less often experienced. The impact of multimorbidity on disability in each activity was substantial, while education was not.

  6. ADL abilities and vocational competencies: Blue-collar workers aged 45 years and over.

    Kikuchi, E


    A questionnaire composed of 55 items that addressed activities of daily living (ADL) abilities and 13 basic vocational competencies, such as memory and muscular power, was completed by 48 nondisabled male workers aged ≥45 years. The workers were all engaged in the manufacturing industry. All respondents found the following five tasks easy to do: wring a towel, put arms through sleeves, open and shut a door, turn a tap on and off, and open and shut a sliding door. Among basic vocational competencies, the highest performance, with but a small standard deviation, occurred with the muscular power competency; a low performance with a large standard deviation (P=0.05) occurred with concentration. No age difference was discerned in planning ability, cooperativeness, muscular power, staying power, manual adeptness, and sense of equilibrium, whereas in learning ability, agility, and concentration, people aged ≥65 years showed significantly lower performance (P=0.05). The characteristics of vocational competencies in manufacturing industry workers aged ≥45 years were fond to be linked to ADL abilities, and the effectiveness of the ADL abilities survey, prepared on an experimental basis, was confirmed for the evaluation of vocational competencies.

  7. Loneliness in elderly individuals, level of dependence in activities of daily living (ADL) and influential factors.

    Hacihasanoğlu, Rabia; Yildirim, Arzu; Karakurt, Papatya


    This study has been carried out to investigate the level of loneliness, determine the level of dependence in the ADL and influential factors in the elderly people. This descriptive, cross-sectional study was conducted in 5 Family Healthcare Centers (FHC) located in central Erzincan, Turkey between March and June 2010. The data of the research was collected using a questionnaire that determined the descriptive and UCLA Loneliness Scale (UCLA-LS). Mean score of the UCLA-LS was determined as 51.59 ± 4.44. It was determined that 2% of the elderly ADL were completely dependent, 14.5% were semi-dependent. Factors such as being old, a widow/divorced, having a lower level of education and/or income, living alone, having a chronic disease, poor self-perceived health, lack of visits by relatives or acquaintances, dissatisfaction with the place of living, and being fully dependent while performing daily activities were determined as factors which increased the level of loneliness. Furthermore, factors such as being old, a female, a widow/divorced, living together with a daughter/son, having a chronic disease and poor self-perceived health were found to be influential in dependency. Elderly people who are alone and dependent in fulfilling their ADL should be monitored more closely.

  8. Activities of Daily Life (ADL Recognition using Wrist-worn Accelerometer

    K. Rajesh Kanna


    Full Text Available Activity recognition has become the necessity of smart homes, future factories, and surveillance. Activities independent of body posture predominantly exhibiting gestures involving both arm and the wrist motion supports the use of the wearable sensors for data acquisition. This paper uses an algorithm based prediction method to recognize the Activities of Daily Life (ADL involving activities like mobility, feeding, and functional transfers. The classification of the various activities were carried out by using decision tree – J48 algorithm from the acquired dataset.

  9. Association of early-onset dementia with activities of daily living (ADL) in middle-aged adults with intellectual disabilities: the caregiver's perspective.

    Lin, Lan-Ping; Hsu, Shang-Wei; Hsia, Yi-Chen; Wu, Chia-Ling; Chu, Cordia; Lin, Jin-Ding


    Few studies have investigated in detail which factors influence activities of daily living (ADL) in adults with intellectual disabilities (ID) comorbid with/without dementia conditions. The objective of the present study was to describe the relation between early onset dementia conditions and progressive loss of ADL capabilities and to examine the influence of dementia conditions and other possible factors toward ADL scores in adults with ID. This study was part of the "Healthy Aging Initiatives for Persons with an Intellectual Disability in Taiwan: A Social Ecological Approach" project. We analyzed data from 459 adults aged 45 years or older with an ID regarding their early onset symptoms of dementia and their ADL profile based on the perspective of the primary caregivers. Results show that a significant negative correlation was found between dementia score and ADL score in a Pearson's correlation test (r=-0.28, pgender (β=4.187, peducation level (primary: β=5.544, phigh or more: β=8.147, pdisability level (β=-6.725, pDisability level and comorbidity can explain 10% of the ADL score variation, whereas dementia conditions can only explain 3% of the ADL score variation in the study. The present study highlights that future studies should scrutinize in detail the reasons for the low explanatory power of dementia for ADL, particularly in examining the appropriateness of the measurement scales for dementia and ADL in aging adults with ID. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Quantitative Assessment of ADL: A Pilot Study of Upper Extremity Reaching Tasks

    Saiyi Li


    Full Text Available Effective telerehabilitation technologies enable patients with certain physiological disabilities to engage in rehabilitative exercises for performing Activities of Daily Living (ADLs. Therefore, training and assessment scenarios for the performance of ADLs are vital for the promotion for telerehabilitation. In this paper we investigate quantitatively and automatically assessing patient’s kinematic ability to perform functional upper extremity reaching tasks. The shape of the movement trajectory and the instantaneous acceleration of kinematically crucial body parts, such as wrists, are used to compute the approximate entropy of the motions to represent stability (smoothness in addition to the duration of the activity. Computer simulations were conducted to illustrate the consistency, sensitivity and robustness of the proposed method. A preliminary experiment with kinematic data captured from healthy subjects mimicking a reaching task with dyskinesia showed a high degree of correlation (Cohen’s kappa 0.85 with p<0.05 between a human observer and the proposed automatic classification tool in terms of assigning the datasets to various levels to represent the subjects’ kinematic abilities to perform reaching tasks. This study supported the use of Microsoft Kinect to quantitatively evaluate the ability of individuals with involuntary movements to perform an upper extremity reaching task.

  11. Evaluation of the Glittre-ADL test as an instrument for classifying functional capacity of individuals with cardiovascular diseases.

    Fernandes-Andrade, Aline A; Britto, Raquel R; Soares, Daniele C M; Velloso, Marcelo; Pereira, Danielle A G


    The assessment of functional capacity in individuals with cardiovascular disease is closely related to lower limb function. The Glittre-ADL test is a global test to evaluate this patients. We aimed to verify whether the Glittre-ADL test discriminates functional status while evaluating individuals with cardiovascular disease. A total of 42 participants were evaluated using the Glittre-ADL test Incremental Shuttle Walking Test (shuttle test), Human Activity Profile, and Duke Activity Status Index. Data from the shuttle test, Human Activity Profile, and DASI were divided into tertiles for statistical analysis. The time required to complete the Glittre-ADL test was compared among tertiles of the shuttle test, Duke Activity Status Index and Human Activity Profile using analysis of variance. There were significant differences between the tertiles of the shuttle test. Tertile 1 was different from tertiles 2 (mean difference, 47.63; 95% CI, 19.86-75.39) and 3 (mean difference, 67.15; 95% CI, 41.25-93.05). For the Duke Activity Status Index there were significant between-group differences. Tertile 1 was different from tertiles 2 (mean difference, 42.45; 95% CI, 8.82-76.09) and 3 (mean difference, 43.56; 95% CI, 13.68-73.44). For the Human Activity Profile there were significant between-group differences. Tertile 3 was different from tertiles 1 (mean difference, 51.46; 95% CI, 21.27-81.64) and 2 (mean difference, 33.01; 95% CI, 3.52-62.51). The Glittre-ADL test is able to discriminate the functional status in individuals with cardiovascular disease, most of whom have hypertension. The Glittre-ADL test was sensitive to discriminate more functionally affected individuals. Copyright © 2017 Associação Brasileira de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Fisioterapia. Publicado por Elsevier Editora Ltda. All rights reserved.

  12. WSC/ADL:Web Services组合系统体系结构描述语言%WSC/ADL: An Architecture Description Language for Web Services Composition System

    杨鑫; 陈俊亮


    Web services组合是Web services领域的研究热点,虽然已经提出了很多组合的方法,但从体系结构方面去研究Web services组合,则是一个新的研究角度.BPEL4WS是当前工业界主流的Web services组合描述语言.给出了基于BPEL4WS的Web services组合系统体系结构风格,并针对这种风格设计了体系结构描述语言WSC/ADL(Web services composition/architecture description language),WSC/ADL是基于体系结构的、自顶向下的Web services组合开发的研究基础,其组成包含描述Web services的服务构件、描述Web services之间交互的连接件以及建立服务构件和连接件实例联系的配置.给出了WSC/ADL的详细分析介绍和实例说明,并与相关工作进行了比较.

  13. ADLE: A Distributed Leader Election Algorithm of Ad hoc Networks%ADLE:一种Ad hoc网络分布式领导者选取算法

    王征; 刘心松; 李美安


    Ad hoc网络的动态拓扑结构和节点自组织给分布式算法的实现带来了诸多困难.Ad hoc网络分布式领导者选取算法:ADL.该算法基于广播机制,采用逻辑时戳保证消息的时序性,避免了节点饿死.同时,它通过缩小算法执行范围降低了消息复杂度,而且不需要节点了解系统中所有节点的信息,因而能够适应Ad hoc网络的动态拓扑结构和节点频繁出入.分析与仿真结果表明该算法具有较低的消息复杂度、小响应延迟和公平性.

  14. Differences between questionnaire- and interview-based measures of activities of daily living (ADL) ability and their association with observed ADL ability in women with rheumatoid arthritis, knee osteoarthritis, and fibromyalgia

    Wæhrens, Eva; Bliddal, Henning; Danneskiold-Samsøe, Bente


    . The present study examined whether measures of self-reported ADL ability based on questionnaire and interview yielded different results, determined whether the magnitude of the difference varied among women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), knee osteoarthritis (OA), and fibromyalgia (FM), and investigated...

  15. Support for Evolving Software Architectures in the ArchWare ADL

    Morrison, Ron; Balasubramaniam, Dharini; Mickan, Kath; Oquendo, Flavio; Cîmpan, Sorana; Warboys, Brian; Snowdon, Bob; Greenwood, Mark; 10.1109/WICSA.2004.1310691


    Software that cannot evolve is condemned to atrophy: it cannot accommodate the constant revision and re-negotiation of its business goals nor intercept the potential of new technology. To accommodate change in software systems we have defined an active software architecture to be: dynamic in that the structure and cardinality of the components and interactions are changeable during execution; updatable in that components can be replaced; decomposable in that an executing system may be (partially) stopped and split up into its components and interactions; and reflective in that the specification of components and interactions may be evolved during execution. Here we describe the facilities of the ArchWare architecture description language (ADL) for specifying active architectures. The contribution of the work is the unique combination of concepts including: a {\\pi}-calculus based communication and expression language for specifying executable architectures; hyper-code as an underlying representation of system ...

  16. Using Rasch Analysis to Evaluate Accuracy of Individual Activities of Daily Living (ADL) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) for Disability Measurement.

    Friedman, Bruce; Li, Yanen


    Our study objectives were to examine the accuracy of individual activities of daily living (ADLs) and instrumental ADLs (IADLs) for disability measurement, and determine whether dependence or difficulty is more useful for disability measurement. We analyzed data from 499 patients with 2+ ADLs or 3+ IADLs who participated in a home visiting nurse intervention study, and whose function had been assessed at study baseline and 22 months. Rasch analysis was used to evaluate accuracy of 24 individual ADL and IADL items. The individual items differed in the amount of information provided in measuring functional disability along the range of disability, providing much more information in (usually) one part of the range. While nearly all of the Item Information Curves (IICs) for the ADL dependence, IADL difficulty, and IADL dependence items were unimodal with one information peak each, the IICs for ADL difficulty exhibited a bimodal pattern with two peaks. Which of the individual items performed better in disability measurement varied by the extent of functional disability (i.e., by how disabled the patients were). The information peaks of most ADLs and many IADLs rise or drop steeply in a relatively short distance. Thus, whether dependence or difficulty is superior often changes very quickly along the disability continuum. There was considerable heterogeneity in which individual items provided the most and the least information at the three points of interest examined across the disability range (-2 SD units, mean, +2 SD units). While the disability region (low, medium, and high disability) for which each individual item provided the most information remained quite stable between baseline and 22 months for ADL difficulty, IADL difficulty, and IADL dependence, relatively large shifts occurred for ADL dependence items. At the disability mean dependence items offered more information for assessment than difficulty. While ADLs also provided more information at -2 and +2 SD

  17. Relationship between physical strain during standardised ADL tasks and physical capacity in men with spinal cord injuries

    Janssen, T W; van Oers, C A; Veeger, DirkJan (H. E. J.); Hollander, A P; van der Woude, L H; Rozendal, R H


    To describe physical strain during activities of daily living (ADL), 44 men with spinal cord injuries (C4-L5) performed a set of standardised tasks. The physical strain was defined as the highest heart rate response expressed as a percentage of the individual heart rate reserve (%HRR). The physical

  18. The course of apraxia and ADL functioning in left hemisphere stroke patients treated in rehabilitation centres and nursing homes

    Donkervoort, Mireille; Dekker, Joost; Deelman, Bet-To


    Objective: To study the course of apraxia and daily life functioning ADL) in left hemisphere stroke patients with apraxia. Design: Prospective cohort study. Setting: Rehabilitation centres and nursing homes. Subjects: One hundred and eight left hemisphere stroke patients with apraxia, hospitalized i

  19. The course of apraxia and ADL functioning in left hemisphere stroke patients treated in rehabilitation centres and nursing homes.

    Donkervoort, M.; Dekker, J.; Deelman, B.


    OBJECTIVE: To study the course of apraxia and daily life functioning (ADL) in left hemisphere stroke patients with apraxia. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Rehabilitation centres and nursing homes. SUBJECTS: One hundred and eight left hemisphere stroke patients with apraxia, hospitalized

  20. Restrictions and satisfaction with participation in patients who are ADL-independent after an aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage

    Huenges Wajer, Irene M C; Visser-Meily, Johanna M A; Greebe, Paut; Post, Marcel W M; Rinkel, Gabriel J E; van Zandvoort, Martine J E


    BACKGROUND: Most survivors of an aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) are ADL-independent, but they often experience restrictions in (social) activities and, therefore, cannot regain their pre-morbid level of participation. OBJECTIVE: In this study, participation restrictions and participation

  1. The Prediction of ADL and IADL Disability Using Six Physical Indicators of Frailty: A Longitudinal Study in the Netherlands

    Robbert J. J. Gobbens


    Full Text Available Frailty is a predictor of disability. A proper understanding of the contribution of individual indicators of frailty in the prediction of disability is a requisite for preventive interventions. The aim of this study was to determine the predictive power of the individual physical frailty indicators: gait speed, physical activity, hand grip strength, Body Mass Index (BMI, fatigue, and balance, for ADL and IADL disability. The sample consisted of 505 community-dwelling persons (≥75 years, response rate 35.1%. Respondents first participated between November 2007 and June 2008, and a subset of all respondents participated again one year later (N=264, 52.3% response rate. ADL and IADL disability were assessed by the Groningen Activity Restriction Scale. BMI was assessed by self-report, and the other physical frailty indicators were assessed with the TUG test (gait speed, the LAPAQ (physical activity, a hand grip strength test, the SFQ (fatigue, and the Four-test balance scale. All six physical frailty indicators were associated with ADL and IADL disability. After controlling for previous disability, sociodemographic characteristics, self-perceived lifestyle, and chronic diseases, only gait speed was predictive of both ADL and IADL disability, whereas there was a small effect of fatigue on IADL disability. Hence, these physical frailty indicators should be included in frailty assessment when predicting future disability.

  2. The Prediction of ADL and IADL Disability Using Six Physical Indicators of Frailty: A Longitudinal Study in the Netherlands.

    Gobbens, Robbert J J; van Assen, Marcel A L M


    Frailty is a predictor of disability. A proper understanding of the contribution of individual indicators of frailty in the prediction of disability is a requisite for preventive interventions. The aim of this study was to determine the predictive power of the individual physical frailty indicators: gait speed, physical activity, hand grip strength, Body Mass Index (BMI), fatigue, and balance, for ADL and IADL disability. The sample consisted of 505 community-dwelling persons (≥75 years, response rate 35.1%). Respondents first participated between November 2007 and June 2008, and a subset of all respondents participated again one year later (N = 264, 52.3% response rate). ADL and IADL disability were assessed by the Groningen Activity Restriction Scale. BMI was assessed by self-report, and the other physical frailty indicators were assessed with the TUG test (gait speed), the LAPAQ (physical activity), a hand grip strength test, the SFQ (fatigue), and the Four-test balance scale. All six physical frailty indicators were associated with ADL and IADL disability. After controlling for previous disability, sociodemographic characteristics, self-perceived lifestyle, and chronic diseases, only gait speed was predictive of both ADL and IADL disability, whereas there was a small effect of fatigue on IADL disability. Hence, these physical frailty indicators should be included in frailty assessment when predicting future disability.

  3. Rasch analysis reveals comparative analyses of ADL/IADL summary scores from different residential settings is inappropriate

    Lutomski, Jennifer E; Krabbe, Paul Fm; den Elzen, Wendy Pj; Olde-Rikkert, Marcel Gm; Steyerberg, Ewout W; Muntinga, Maaike E; Bleijenberg, Nienke; Kempen, Gertrudis Ijm; Melis, René Jf


    OBJECTIVE: To internally validate a 15-item dichotomous Activities of Daily Living and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (ADL/IADL) Index. METHODS: Data were extracted from The Older Persons and Informal Caregivers Survey Minimal DataSet (TOPICS-MDS). Using Rasch modelling, six aspects of the

  4. A client-centred ADL intervention: three-month follow-up of a randomized controlled trial

    Bertilsson, Ann-Sofie; Ranner, Maria; von Koch, Lena; Eriksson, Gunilla; Johansson, Ulla; Ytterberg, Charlotte; Tham, Kerstin


    Objective The aim was to study a client-centred activities of daily living (ADL) intervention (CADL) compared with the usual ADL intervention (UADL) in people with stroke regarding: independence in ADL, perceived participation, life satisfaction, use of home-help service, and satisfaction with training and, in their significant others, regarding: caregiver burden, life satisfaction, and informal care. Methods In this multicentre study, 16 rehabilitation units were randomly assigned to deliver CADL or UADL. The occupational therapists who provided the CADL were specifically trained. Eligible for inclusion were people with stroke treated in a stroke unit ≤3 months after stroke, dependent in ≥two ADL, not diagnosed with dementia, and able to understand instructions. Data were collected at inclusion and three months thereafter. To detect a significant difference between the groups in the Stroke Impact Scale (SIS) domain “participation”, 280 participants were required. Intention-to-treat analysis was applied. Results At three months, there was no difference in the outcomes between the CADL group (n = 129) and the UADL group (n = 151), or their significant others (n = 87/n = 93) except in the SIS domain “emotion” in favour of CADL (p = 0.04). Conclusion The CADL does not appear to bring about short-term differences in outcomes and longer follow-ups are required. PMID:24506231

  5. A 10-year follow-up study on subjective well-being and relationships to person-environment (P-E) fit and activity of daily living (ADL) dependence of older Swedish adults.

    Werngren-Elgström, Monica; Carlsson, Gunilla; Iwarsson, Susanne


    In order to investigate how well-being and ill health is affected by the process of aging, the main aim was to investigate these self-perceived aspects of health over a 10-year period among older Swedish adults. The aim was also to study how these aspects correlated with objectively assessed functional limitations, use of mobility device, person-environment (P-E) fit (also denoted accessibility), problems in housing, and activity of daily living (ADL) dependence. Using the Swedish national po...

  6. Older Asian Americans and Pacific Islanders with Activities of Daily Living (ADL Limitations: Immigration and Other Factors Associated with Institutionalization

    Esme Fuller-Thomson


    Full Text Available This study determined the national prevalence and profile of Asian Americans with Activities of Daily Living (ADL limitations and identified factors associated with institutionalization. Data were obtained from 2006 American Community Survey, which replaced the long-form of the US Census. The data are nationally representative of both institutionalized and community-dwelling older adults. Respondents were Vietnamese (n = 203, Korean (n = 131, Japanese (n = 193, Filipino (n = 309, Asian Indian (n = 169, Chinese (n = 404, Hawaiian/Pacific Islander (n = 54, and non-Hispanic whites (n = 55,040 aged 55 and over who all had ADL limitations. The prevalence of institutionalized among those with ADL limitations varies substantially from 4.7% of Asian Indians to 18.8% of Korean Americans with ADL limitations. Every AAPI group had a lower prevalence of institutionalization than disabled Non-Hispanic whites older adults (23.8% (p < 0.001. After adjustment for socio-demographic characteristics, Asian Indians, Vietnamese, Japanese, Filipino, and Chinese had significantly lower odds of institutionalization than non-Hispanic whites (OR = 0.29, 0.31, 0.58, 0.51, 0.70, respectively. When the sample was restricted to AAPIs, the odds of institutionalization were higher among those who were older, unmarried, cognitively impaired and those who spoke English at home. This variation suggests that aggregating data across the AAPI groups obscures meaningful differences among these subpopulations and substantial inter-group differences may have important implications in the long-term care setting.

  7. Associations between results of post-stroke NDT-Bobath rehabilitation in gait parameters, ADL and hand functions.

    Mikołajewska, Emilia


    In patients after a stroke there are variable disorders. These patients often need rehabilitation in more than one area beceause of multiple limitations of the ability to perform everyday activities. The aim of the study was to assess correlations - statistical relationships between observed gait parameters, ADL and hand functions - results of rehabilitation of patients after ischaemic stroke according to the NDTBobath method for adults. The investigated group consisted of 60 patients after ischaemic stroke, who participated in the rehabilitation programme. 10 sessions of the NDT-Bobath therapy were provided in 2 weeks (10 days of the therapy). The calculation of correlations was made based on changes of parameters: Bobath Scale (to assess hand functions), Barthel Index (to assess ADL), gait velocity, cadence and stride lenght. Measurements were performed in every patient twice: on admission (before the therapy) and after last session of the therapy to assess rehabilitation effects. The main statistically relevant corellations observed in the study were as follows: in the whole group of patients: poor and moderate (negative) correlation between changes of gait parameters and Bobath Scale and Barthel Index, moderate and severe (negative) correlation between changes of gait parameters and Bobath Scale and Barthel Index in the group of women, correlation between changes in Bobath Scale and Barthel Index in the group of patients with left side of paresis, (negative) correlation between changes of gait parameters and Bobath Scale in group of patients younger than 68 years, moderate, high and very high correlations between changes in gait parameters in groups of women, men, younger than 68 years and older than 68 years. There have been observed statistically significant and favourable changes in the health status of patients, described by gait parameters, changes in hand functions and ADL. Based on the presented correlations there is an assumption that it is hard to

  8. Cross-cultural adaptation and validation of the Portuguese version of the Knee Outcome Survey-Activities of Daily Living Scale (KOS-ADLS)

    Gonçalves, Rui Soles; Cabri, Jan; Pinheiro, João Páscoa


    Abstract The objective of this study was to cross-culturally adapt and validate the Portuguese version of the Knee Outcome Survey-Activities of Daily Living Scale (KOS-ADLS). This version was obtained with forward/backward translations, consensus panels and pre-testing. The Portuguese KOS-ADLS and Medical Outcomes Study, 36-item Short Form (SF-36) questionnaires, visual analogue scales (VAS) of pain, disability and discomfort, and a form for patient’s characteristics were administered to 168...

  9. Measuring quality of occupational performance based on self-report and observation : development and validation of instruments to evaluate ADL task performance

    Waehrens, Eva Ejlersen


    Background People with rheumatic or neurologic conditions are commonly referred for occupational therapy because of decreased ability to perform ADL tasks. Upon referral, occupational therapists use a client-centred, occupationfocused approach when evaluating a person's perceived and observed quality of ADL task performance to clarify the nature and extent of the person’s problems, plan interventions and determine effectiveness of interventions. Evaluation of the extent of problems and change...

  10. Comparison of activities of daily living (ADLs) in two different one arm drive wheelchairs: a study of individuals/participants with hemiplegia.

    Mandy, Anne; Walton, Claire; Michaelis, Jon


    This pilot study measured activities of daily living performance in individuals/participants with hemiplegia propelling both a standard dual handrim Action 3 wheelchair and a standard Action 3 wheelchair with a Neater Uni-Wheelchair kit attachment. The kit consists of a steerable front. Does the use of the NUW affect the performance quality of activities of daily living in individuals/participants with hemiplegia. Is there a difference in the motor and process skills during activities of daily living performance, and in the time taken to complete the activities. Four individuals/participants with hemiplegia were used in a cross over, repeated measures trial. Assessment of Motor and Process Skills of users undertaking making a bed and laying a table "Swedish style", tasks were measured and time taken to complete each task were recorded. Bed making completion time was quicker in the Neater Uni-wheelchair (p Rehabilitation Inappropriate wheelchair provision can result in capacity limitation and poorer quality of ADL motor skill as well-lowered process performance skill. AMPS can help to explain motor and process skill differences in complex activities.

  11. Health-related quality of life (HRQOL), activity of daily living (ADL) and depressive mood disorder in temporal lobe epilepsy patients.

    Lehrner, J; Kalchmayr, R; Serles, W; Olbrich, A; Pataraia, E; Aull, S; Bacher, J; Leutmezer, F; Gröppel, G; Deecke, L; Baumgartner, C


    We determined the interrelations of chronological age, age at seizure onset, duration of seizure disorder, cognitive functioning (IQ), scales of activities of daily living, depressive mood disorder and measures of health-related quality of life (HRQOL). Furthermore, we investigated the association of the laterality of seizure onset zone and absence/presence of hippocampal atrophy and/or sclerosis (HA/HS) with measures of HRQOL, activities of daily living (ADL) and depressive mood disorder. In the setting of pre-surgical epilepsy evaluation, a sample of 56 patients with temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) was studied using the Bonner Skalen für Epilepsie (BPSE) and the depression inventory D-S of von Zerssen. Patients reported high levels of dependency on others and poor coping capabilities. Our data also showed specific ADL-behaviour suggesting social withdrawal and isolation. Our results indicate emotional impairment as a major problem in TLE, because 45% of our patients scored in the depressive range of the D-S depression scale. Depression score was found to be a powerful predictor of self-reported quality of life after adjusting for seizure-related variables, demographic variables and cognitive functioning (IQ). The only scale showing a significant laterality effect was ADL-home. No relationship between the dependent measures of HRQOL, ADL-social, ADL-cultural, depressive mood disorder and laterality of the epileptogenic zone or absence/presence of HA/HS was found. HRQOL and depressive mood disorder are strongly interrelated indicating that patients with depressive symptoms report lower quality of life and specific patterns of ADL. HRQOL, ADL and depressive mood disorder are largely independent of biological markers such as laterality of seizure onset zone and absence/presence of HA/HS in TLE.

  12. Structure design for a Two-DoF myoelectric prosthetic hand to realize basic hand functions in ADLs.

    Hoshigawa, Suguru; Jiang, Yinlai; Kato, Ryu; Morishita, Soichiro; Nakamura, Tatsuhiro; Yabuki, Yoshiko; Yokoi, Hiroshi


    Prosthetic hands are desired by those who have lost a hand or both hands not only for decoration but also for the functions to help them with their activities of daily living (ADL). Prosthetic robotic hands that are developed to fully realize the function of a human hand are usually too expensive to be economically available, difficult to operate and maintain, or over heavy for longtime wearing. The aim of this study is therefore to develop a simplified prosthetic hand (sim-PH), which is to be controlled by myoelectric signals from the user, to realize the most important grasp motions in ADL by trading off the cost and performance. This paper reports the structure design of a two-DoF sim-PH with two motors to drive the CM joint of the thumb and the interlocked MP joints of the other four fingers. In order to optimize the structure, the model of the sim-PH was proposed based on which 7 sim-PHs with different structural parameters were manufactured and tested in a pick-and-place experiment. Correspondence analysis of the experimental results clarified the relationship between the hand functions and the shapes of fingers.

  13. Reduction in patient burdens with graphical computerized adaptive testing on the ADL scale: tool development and simulation

    Wang Weng-Chung


    Full Text Available Abstract Background The aim of this study was to verify the effectiveness and efficacy of saving time and reducing burden for patients, nurses, and even occupational therapists through computer adaptive testing (CAT. Methods Based on an item bank of the Barthel Index (BI and the Frenchay Activities Index (FAI for assessing comprehensive activities of daily living (ADL function in stroke patients, we developed a visual basic application (VBA-Excel CAT module, and (1 investigated whether the averaged test length via CAT is shorter than that of the traditional all-item-answered non-adaptive testing (NAT approach through simulation, (2 illustrated the CAT multimedia on a tablet PC showing data collection and response errors of ADL clinical functional measures in stroke patients, and (3 demonstrated the quality control of endorsing scale with fit statistics to detect responding errors, which will be further immediately reconfirmed by technicians once patient ends the CAT assessment. Results The results show that endorsed items could be shorter on CAT (M = 13.42 than on NAT (M = 23 at 41.64% efficiency in test length. However, averaged ability estimations reveal insignificant differences between CAT and NAT. Conclusion This study found that mobile nursing services, placed at the bedsides of patients could, through the programmed VBA-Excel CAT module, reduce the burden to patients and save time, more so than the traditional NAT paper-and-pencil testing appraisals.

  14. Patients', doctors', and caregivers' assessment of disability using the UPDRS-ADL section: are these ratings interchangeable?

    Martínez-Martín, Pablo; Benito-León, Julian; Alonso, Fernando; Catalán, M José; Pondal, Margarita; Tobías, Aurelio; Zamarbide, Ivana


    This multicenter study sought to analyze the validity and reliability of the Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale (UPDRS)-section 2 (Activities of Daily Living, ADL) as applied by patients and caregivers. Sixty pairs of PD patients-caregivers were enrolled for study purposes. Neurologists used a set of scales to determine disease severity and patients' functional state. Patients and caregivers used adapted versions of the UPDRS-section 2 in tandem with other measures. Wilcoxon and Mann-Whitney tests, weighted kappa, intraclass and Spearman's correlation coefficients, as well as multivariate linear regression models were applied. On the whole, PD patient self-assessment and caregiver evaluation of patients' disability showed close concordance with neurologists' ratings. Correlation between caregiver ratings and clinical evaluation tended to be slightly lower than that for patient-based self-assessment. Depression showed a positive correlation with disability and had a nonsystematic influence on UPDRS-section 2 (ADL) scores. As expected, there was a significant correlation between perceived disability and health-related quality of life measures. Caregiver burden did not reduce the level of agreement with neurologists as to the overall rating of any given patient's disability. In PD, UPDRS-section 2-based assessment of disability by patients themselves and caregivers is a valid and reliable outcome.

  15. Genome-Wide Analysis of Seed Acid Detergent Lignin (ADL) and Hull Content in Rapeseed (Brassica napus L.)

    Wei, Lijuan; Qu, Cunmin; Xu, Xinfu; Lu, Kun; Qian, Wei; Li, Jiana; Li, Maoteng; Liu, Liezhao


    A stable yellow-seeded variety is the breeding goal for obtaining the ideal rapeseed (Brassica napus L.) plant, and the amount of acid detergent lignin (ADL) in the seeds and the hull content (HC) are often used as yellow-seeded rapeseed screening indices. In this study, a genome-wide association analysis of 520 accessions was performed using the Q + K model with a total of 31,839 single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) sites. As a result, three significant associations on the B. napus chromosomes A05, A09, and C05 were detected for seed ADL content. The peak SNPs were within 9.27, 14.22, and 20.86 kb of the key genes BnaA.PAL4, BnaA.CAD2/BnaA.CAD3, and BnaC.CCR1, respectively. Further analyses were performed on the major locus of A05, which was also detected in the seed HC examination. A comparison of our genome-wide association study (GWAS) results and previous linkage mappings revealed a common chromosomal region on A09, which indicates that GWAS can be used as a powerful complementary strategy for dissecting complex traits in B. napus. Genomic selection (GS) utilizing the significant SNP markers based on the GWAS results exhibited increased predictive ability, indicating that the predictive ability of a given model can be substantially improved by using GWAS and GS. PMID:26673885

  16. Al-‘Adl wa-l-Ihsan in Spain: A National Project for an Islamic Transnational Movement?

    Arigita, Elena


    Full Text Available The author examines recent developments in Muslim associations of Spain established by Moroccan immigrants linked to the Islamic movement al-‘Adl wa-l-Ihsan (Justice and Spirituality. By analyzing the discourse of an emerging leadership of this movement, she seeks to understand how the political commitment and spiritual bond of these activists with the Moroccan Guide both incorporate and rework elements from the dominant discourse on the necessary adaptation of Islam to Spain. Based on in-depth interviews with these leaders, she explores how the Movement’s commitment to Morocco as well as the ummah (Universal Community of Believers interact with the way these muslims perceive and position themselves in the national context of Spain.

    Se examina en este ensayo la evolución reciente de las asociaciones musulmanas en España creadas por inmigrantes marroquíes vinculados al movimiento islámico al-‘Adl wa-l-Ihsan (Justicia y Espiritualidad. Partiendo de las declaraciones de un liderazgo emergente de este movimiento en España, la autora trata de explicar cómo el compromiso político de estas personas y el vínculo espiritual con su Guía marroquí incorporan, al tiempo que reelaboran, elementos del discurso dominante sobre la necesaria adaptación del islam a España. Entrevistas en profundidad con estos activistas revelan cómo los lazos del Movimiento con Marruecos y con la umma (Comunidad universal de creyentes interactúan con el modo en el que estos musulmanes perciben y se posicionan en el contexto nacional de España.

  17. The assessment of ADL among frail elderly in an interview survey : Self-report versus performance-based tests and determinants of discrepancies

    Kempen, GIJM; Steverink, N; Ormel, J; Deed, DJH


    The impact of three sociodemographic, two cognitive, rico affective, and four personality measures on the discrepancies between self-reported and performance-based ADL in a sample of 753 frail elderly is studied by means of multiple regression analyses. Underestimation (i.e., lower self-reported lev

  18. Prevalence of functional disability in activities of daily living (ADL), instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) and associated factors, as predictors of morbidity and mortality.

    Millán-Calenti, José C; Tubío, Javier; Pita-Fernández, Salvador; González-Abraldes, Isabel; Lorenzo, Trinidad; Fernández-Arruty, Teresa; Maseda, Ana


    The aim of this study is to establish the existing relationship among variables referred to the person, specifically age and gender, and the functional dependence in basic ADL and in IADL, as well as the possible relationship it has with the increase of morbidity and mortality in a random sample of 598 individuals older than 65 years. Of these individuals, 34.6% were categorized as dependent for at least one ADL, and 53.5% if we refer to IADL. Regarding the ADL, the risk of dependence increases (odds ratio=OR=1.089) per year of age, (OR=2.48) in women's case; while there is an IADL correlation between age and the score (r=-0.527; pIADL: r=-0.97, p=0.003), the number of visits to the doctor (ADL: r=-0.27, pIADL: r=-0.25, pIADL: p<0.001). There is a significant association between age, gender and dependence, as well as between dependence and morbidity and mortality, so that dependence could be used as a predictor of both.

  19. Cognitive Impairment as a Strong Predictor of Incident Disability in Specific Adl-Iadl Tasks among Community-Dwelling Elders: The Azuchi Study

    Dodge, Hiroko H.; Kadowaki, Takashi; Hayakawa, Takehito; Yamakawa, Masanobu; Sekikawa, Akira; Ueshima, Hirotugu


    Purpose: We examined differential effects of cognitive impairment on each of the activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) tasks. Design and Methods: In a 3-year follow-up of community-dwelling elderly persons in Azuchi, Japan, we assessed cognition by using the Hasegawa Dementia Scale. We examined (a) the…

  20. HIV and disability: a pilot study exploring the use of the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills to measure daily life performance

    Jacqueline Gahagan


    Full Text Available Introduction: Limitations in performing activities of daily living (ADL are important indicators of health and overall wellness, yet relatively few studies specifically identify the ADL abilities of people living with HIV/AIDS (PHAs. Given the wide range of abilities and ages of PHAs, there is an urgent need to utilize an assessment of ADL ability that can validly evaluate those who are very able, as well as those who are very disabled, without the presence of ceiling or floor effects, to provide sensitive measures to detect change. Purpose: The purpose of this study was to gather preliminary evidence of the validity of using the Assessment of Motor and Process Skills (AMPS with PHAs. Methods: By utilizing existing data records of PHAs from the international AMPS database, we explored (a demographic factors; (b person response validity by examining person and individual item goodness-of-fit to the AMPS measurement model; and (c trends in ADL abilities of PHAs. Findings: There were 137 data records in the international AMPS database (0.08% of the database. Goodness-of-fit analyses revealed that >90% of the individuals in the sample fit AMPS measurement model and >99% of the individual item ratings fit the model. More than 80% of the data record had ADL motor abilities that were significantly lower than age expectations, and 67% had ADL process ability measures that were significantly lower than age expectations. Conclusions: The findings indicate that the AMPS is a valid measure of ADL ability for PHAs. Coupled with the lower than expected number of AMPS data records for PHAs and the significant ADL ability challenges that were encountered by this sample, this pilot study may indicate that PHAs encounter barriers to accessing rehabilitation services and/or may not receive referrals until significant ADL challenges are encountered.

  1. [Reliability of the VIDA questionnaire for assessing instrumental activities of daily living (iADL) in the elderly].

    Martín Lesende, Iñaki; Quintana Cantero, Silvia; Urzay Atucha, Virginia; Ganzarain Oyarbide, Elixabete; Aguirre Minaña, Teresa; Pedrero Jocano, Juan Eduardo


    To analyse the inter- and intra-examiner reliability of the VIDA questionnaire, and their concordance with the "timed get up and go" test in people aged ≥75 years. Descriptive study of a diagnostic test. Primary Health Care. SUBJECTS-INTERVENTION: Application of 71 pairs of VIDA questionnaire, by one (38) or two professionals (33), in people aged ≥75 years with no significant sensory or physical-psychic impairment. Stratified sample based on ADL (Barthel index) to obtain a variety of responses that would ensure a range of scores of the questionnaire. Overall score of VIDA questionnaire, "get up and go" test (functional), Pfeiffer questionnaire (cognitive), and risk factors of frailty (comorbidity, falls, recent hospitalisation, sensory disturbance, social impairment, polypharmacy). Mean age 81.3 years±4.8, with a 65.5% moderate-severe change in Barthel index. The mean score of the questionnaire was 31.3±7.9, with a rank of 11 to 38 (maximum). There were no differences according to gender (P=0.78). Inter-examiner reliability (n 33): Intraclass Correlation Coefficient (ICC) 0.94, 95% Confidence Interval (CI) 0.88-0.97, PVIDA questionnaire is a very reliable tool, with no gender bias. It demonstrates an association with other functionality measures and with frailty factors in the elderly. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.

  2. Impact of early rehabilitation therapy on ADL in stroke patients with paralysis%早期康复治疗对脑卒中偏瘫患者日常生活能力恢复的影响

    葛文静; 胡健


    @@ BACKGROUND: Stroke can cause paralysis and thus impactpatients' ADL So, many researchers are engaging in study of rehabili-tation of stroke and they suggest early rehabilitation therapy. However,therapeutic effect of early rehabilitation therapy is under disputes.

  3. Cross-functional team processes and patient functional improvement.

    Alexander, Jeffrey A; Lichtenstein, Richard; Jinnett, Kimberly; Wells, Rebecca; Zazzali, James; Liu, Dawei


    To test the hypothesis that higher levels of participation and functioning in cross-functional psychiatric treatment teams will be related to improved patient outcomes. Primary data were collected during the period 1992-1999. The study was conducted in 40 teams within units treating seriously mentally ill patients in 16 Veterans Affairs hospitals across the U.S. A longitudinal, multilevel analysis assessed the relationship between individual- and team-level variables and patients' ability to perform activities of daily living (ADL) over time. Team data were collected in 1992, 1994, and 1995. The number of times patient data were collected was dependent on the length of time the patient was treated and varied from 1 to 14 between 1992 and 1999. Key variables included: patients' ADL scores (the dependent variable); measures of team participation and team functioning; the number of days from baseline on which a patient's ADLs were assessed; and several control variables. Team data were obtained via self-administered questionnaires distributed to staff on the study teams. Additional team data were obtained via questionnaires completed by unit directors contemporaneously with the staff survey. Patient data were collected by trained clinicians at regular intervals using a standard assessment instrument. Results indicated that patients treated in teams with higher levels of staff participation experienced greater improvement in ADL over time. No differences in ADL change were noted for patients treated in teams with higher levels of team functioning. Findings support our premise that team process has important implications for patient outcomes. The results suggest that the level of participation by the team as a whole may be a more important process attribute, in terms of patient improvements in ADLs, than the team's smooth functioning. These findings indicate the potential appropriateness of managerial interventions to encourage member investment in team processes.

  4. Synergistic antidepressant-like effects between a kappa opioid antagonist (LY2444296) and a delta opioid agonist (ADL5859) in the mouse forced swim test.

    Huang, Peng; Tunis, Julia; Parry, Christopher; Tallarida, Ronald; Liu-Chen, Lee-Yuan


    Kappa opioid (KOP) receptor antagonists and delta opioid (DOP) receptor agonists have antidepressant-like effects in animal tests and may be useful for treatment-resistant depression in humans. In this study, we examined whether the combination of a KOP receptor antagonist and a DOP receptor agonist would produce a better than additive effect (i.e. synergy). LY2444296 is a short-acting selective nonpeptide KOP receptor antagonist. ADL5859 is a selective nonpeptide DOP receptor agonist which does not produce seizures and EEG disturbances. Each compound and combinations of the two were examined in the forced swim test (FST) one h post injection, a screening test for antidepressant-like effect, in male adult C57BL/6J mice (Jackson Lab). LY2444296 [subcutaneous (s.c.) injection] at 10 and 30mg/kg, but not 3mg/kg, significantly decreased immobility time in a dose-dependent manner. Intraperitoneal (i.p.) injections of ADL5859 also reduced immobility time dose-dependently at doses of 3 and 10mg/kg, but not at 1mg/kg. An analysis was conducted using the method of Tallarida and Raffa (2010), which employed dose equivalence. The relative potency of the drugs was determined to be LY2444296: ADL5859=1:0.28, which was the dose ratio for combination studies. Six combinations of the two compounds were tested in mice at a fixed dose ratio. We found that LY2444296 and ADL5859 yielded significant synergistic effects for the antidepressant-like effect at the combined dose ranging from 3.84mg/kg to 9.0mg/kg. ADL5859 (10mg/kg), LY2444296 (30mg/kg) and their combined dose (3.84mg/kg) had no effects on locomotor activities. Since the two drugs have distinct pharmacological profiles, such a synergism will allow use of lower doses of both drugs to achieve desired antidepressant effects with fewer side effects.

  5. ADL and Mobile Learning


    Released in 2010   Submitted to iTunes App store 23 Notable Findings: MINE Lab (Taiwan)   Both Pocket SCORM & PAD SCORM Apps provide offline...BlackBerry, iPhone, iPad, Android , and Symbian (Nokia)   Native App approach using SDK & build CellCast widgets for each platform for development...22 Use Case #1: Mine Lab (Taiwan)   PAD SCORM   Stand-alone Native App for SCORM content that supports iPhone, iPod Touch, and iPad

  6. Quantifying kinematics of purposeful movements to real, imagined, or absent functional objects: Implications for modelling trajectories for robot-assisted ADL tasks**

    Wisneski Kimberly J


    Full Text Available Abstract Background Robotic therapy is at the forefront of stroke rehabilitation. The Activities of Daily Living Exercise Robot (ADLER was developed to improve carryover of gains after training by combining the benefits of Activities of Daily Living (ADL training (motivation and functional task practice with real objects, with the benefits of robot mediated therapy (repeatability and reliability. In combining these two therapy techniques, we seek to develop a new model for trajectory generation that will support functional movements to real objects during robot training. We studied natural movements to real objects and report on how initial reaching movements are affected by real objects and how these movements deviate from the straight line paths predicted by the minimum jerk model, typically used to generate trajectories in robot training environments. We highlight key issues that to be considered in modelling natural trajectories. Methods Movement data was collected as eight normal subjects completed ADLs such as drinking and eating. Three conditions were considered: object absent, imagined, and present. This data was compared to predicted trajectories generated from implementing the minimum jerk model. The deviations in both the plane of the table (XY and the saggital plane of torso (XZ were examined for both reaches to a cup and to a spoon. Velocity profiles and curvature were also quantified for all trajectories. Results We hypothesized that movements performed with functional task constraints and objects would deviate from the minimum jerk trajectory model more than those performed under imaginary or object absent conditions. Trajectory deviations from the predicted minimum jerk model for these reaches were shown to depend on three variables: object presence, object orientation, and plane of movement. When subjects completed the cup reach their movements were more curved than for the spoon reach. The object present condition for the cup

  7. Disparities in ADL and IADL disabilities among elders of Hispanic subgroups in the United States: results from the National Health Interview Survey 2001-2003.

    Coustasse, Alberto; Bae, Sejong; Arvidson, Cody; Singh, Karan P; Treviño, Fernando


    The authors compared disability and functional limitation among elder Hispanic subgroups by using data from the 2001-2003 National Health Interview Survey (National Center for Health Statistics 2008a). The authors applied chi-square analysis for bivariate comparisons and used multiple logistic regression analyses for making comparisons, estimating odds ratios, and predicting disabilities. Results revealed a 21.4% rate of disability of any type in Hispanics. Puerto Ricans reported the highest rates of Activity of Daily Living (ADL) and Instrumental Activity of Daily Living (IADL) disabilities compared with other Hispanic subgroups (Mexicans, Cubans, Central and South Americans) and reported a higher rate than did Blacks. Cubans showed the lowest rate of IADL and any disability among Hispanics and a lower rate than did Whites. These findings highlight the high rates of intragroup variability among the U. S. Hispanic population. Among seniors, ADLs and IADLs were significant predictors of admission to nursing homes and use of paid home care, physician services, and palliative care.

  8. [End-of-life care in emergency settings in the super-aged society: withholding CPR from frail elderly with severe ADL impairment].

    Aita, Kaoruko


    Emergency and intensive care unit demographics have changed with the advent of the super-aged society in Japan. Japan has the highest population aging rate in the world. It is now predicted that an increasing number of people will die at higher age. The oldest old individuals show increasing frailty, with an excess vulnerability to stressors. It is believed that frail elderly would receive limited benefit from highly invasive emergency treatment and advanced intensive care which, on the contrary, could bring about harmful effects on frail elderly. So far a number of frail oldest-old nursing home residents with cardiopulmonary arrest have been taken by ambulance to emergency medical centers to receive cardio-pulmonary resuscitation in vain in Japan. Now is the time to stop the harmful ritual. Withholding CPR from frail elderly with severe ADL impairment would not constitute an act of ageism but the act of humanity based on medical evidence.

  9. Tradução, validação e adaptação cultural da escala de atividade de vida diária Translation, validation and cultural adaptation of the 'activities of daily living' scale (ADLS

    Priscila Zeitune Nigri


    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Realizar a tradução, adaptação cultural e validação do "Knee Outcome Survey- Activities of Daily Living Scale" (ADLS para a língua portuguesa, bem como verificar suas propriedades de medida, reprodutibilidade e validade, para que o mesmo possa ser usado como um instrumento específico para avaliação de sintomas em pacientes brasileiros portadores de afecções no joelho durante as atividades de vida diária. MÉTODOS: Foram realizadas 2 entrevistas,na primeira o questionário foi aplicado em conjunto ao Lysholm, SF-36 e EAV (examinador 1. Após aproximadamente 30 minutos da primeira entrevista, os mesmos pacientes responderam apenas ao ADLS (examinador 2. Após um intervalo entre 7 a 10 dias, foi realizada a terceira entrevista constituída de nova aplicação do ADLS (examinador 2. RESULTADOS: A amostra consistiu de 53 entrevistados, sendo a média de idade de 33.0566 anos e patologia mais freqüente a lesão ligamentar (56,6%. O índice de Sperman obteve um valor de 0,986 (alfa=0,05, roOBJECTIVES: To perform the translation, cultural adaptation and validation of the "Knee Outcome Survey - Activities of Daily Living Scale" (ADLS into Portuguese, as well as to check its measurement, reproducibility and validity properties in order to make it useful as a specific instrument for evaluating symptoms in Brazilian patients with knee injuries during their daily living activities. METHODS: Two interviews were performed; in the first interview, the questionnaire was applied along with Lysholm's, SF-36 and VAS (investigator 1. Approximately 30 minutes after the first interview, the same patients answered only the ADLS (investigator 2. After a break of 7 to 10 days, a third additional interview with the ADLS was applied (investigator 2. RESULTS: The sample was constituted of 53 subjects, with mean age of 33.0566 years, with the most frequent pathology being ligamentar injury (56.6%. The Spearman's index used for inter

  10. Logistic Regression Analysis on ADL Ability of the Rehabilitation Out-comes and its Factors in Ischemic Stroke%缺血性脑卒中康复结局 ADL 能力及其影响因素的 Logistic 回归分析

    刘永丽; 李进元; 龚丛芬; 唐莉; 王云甫


    目的:分析缺血性脑卒中患者康复结局 ADL 能力的影响因素,为临床康复和预后判断提供一些客观指标及最佳治疗方案,指导康复治疗工作。方法选取2012年10月-2014年10月治疗和康复出院的缺血性脑卒中患者178例,采用回顾性分析方法,将研究对象的康复结局影响因素分为Ⅰ类不可干预影响因素(性别、年龄、偏瘫侧、类型、病变部位、医疗费用来源、文化程度),Ⅱ类可干预影响因素(康复治疗开始时间、疗程、患者对脑卒中认识、康复的愿望或主动性、康复治疗方法是否规范),Ⅲ类并发症影响因素(肩手综合征、肩痛、肩关节半脱位、心理障碍、言语障碍、认知障碍、下肢深静脉血栓)和Ⅳ类基础疾病的控制质量影响因素(卒中史、高血压、高血脂、高血糖、肥胖)四个类别,使用改良的 Barthel 指数评分(MBI≥60,MBI <60),判断患者 ADL 独立程度,并逐项分类统计后,采用二分类的 Logistic 多因素回归分析。结果缺血性脑卒中患者康复结局的 ADL 能力 MBI 评分与病变的类型、部位、康复治疗开展持续时间、患者对康复的愿望或主动性等有关,并受患者的年龄、医保费用来源、并发症、基础疾病控制质量等因素影响。结论早期重视缺血性脑卒中康复结局影响的关键因素,可有效预防不良因素影响,并为患者提供最佳康复治疗方案,提高日常生活活动自理能力。%Objective To analyze the factors of ADL ability in the rehabilitation outcomes of the pa-tients with ischemic stroke so as to provide some objective indexes of clinical rehabilitation and prognosis judgment and the best therapeutic program, Methods The retrospective analysis was done for 178 patients of ischemic stroke,which were treated or had been rehabilitated and discharged from October 2012 to October 2014, The factors of the

  11. Effect of single and multi-joint lower extremity muscle strength on the functional capacity and ADL/IADL status in Japanese community-dwelling older adults.

    Azegami, Masako; Ohira, Masayoshi; Miyoshi, Kei; Kobayashi, Chise; Hongo, Minoru; Yanagihashi, Ryuya; Sadoyama, Tsugutake


    Forty-seven community-dwelling older adults aged >70 years participated in this Japanese cross-sectional study to determine the relationship between the isometric lower extremity muscle strength measured during knee extension (KE) in single-joint and total leg extension (TLE) in multi-joint tasks, physical performance tests, and functional status. The physical performance was determined by KE and TLE muscle strength, walking capacity, and balance performance tests, while the functional status was evaluated by interview using basic activities of daily living (ADL) and instrumental activities of daily living (IADL) tools. The results indicated that the TLE muscle strength was significantly related to all the other performance tests, while the KE muscle strength was not correlated with the balance test. Also, the bilateral TLE muscle strength was significantly associated with IADL status compared with the KE muscle strength. In conclusion, multi-joint muscle strength testing might be superior to single-joint muscle strength testing for the screening of the functional impairments of older adults.

  12. Impact of family empowerment model on ADL of young patients with ischemic stroke%家属赋能模式对青年缺血性脑卒中患者日常生活能力的影响



    目的:探讨家属赋能模式对青年缺血性脑卒中患者日常生活能力的影响.方法:将160例青年缺血性脑卒中患者及其家属随机分为对照组和观察组各80例,对照组给予常规健康教育,观察组采用家属赋能模式进行分阶段健康教育.比较两组患者健康教育前后日常生活能力(ADL).结果:两组患者健康教育后Barthel指数均高于健康教育前(P<0.05),观察组患者健康教育后Barthel指数与对照组同期比较差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:对青年缺血性脑卒中患者及其家属采用家属赋能模式进行健康教育,可以提高家属应对、照顾能力及患者ADL,值得临床推广应用.%To investigate the impact of family empowerment model on ADL of young patients with isehemie stroke. Methods: 160 young patients with isehemie stroke and their families were randomly divided into a control group and an observation group ( 80 cases in each group }. The routine health education was conducted in the control group and the family empowerment model was used to provide patients health education by stages in the observation group. The activities of daily living ( ADL } of the patients were compared between the two groups before and after health education. Results :The Barthel indices in both groups were higher after health education than that before health education ( P <0. 05 };the diffidence in the comparison of Barthel indices was statistically significant between the two groups after health education ( P<0.05 }. Conclusion: The health education by following family empowerment model can improve family coping and care ability as well as ADL of young patients with isehemie stroke.

  13. The Glittre-ADL test reflects functional performance measured by physical activities of daily living in patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    Manuela Karloh


    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Background The Glittre-ADL test (TGlittre is a valid and reliable test for the evaluation of functional capacity and involves multiple physical activities of daily living (PADL, which are known to be troublesome to patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD. However, it is still unknown if this test is also able to reflect the functional performance of patients with COPD. Objective To investigate whether the TGlittre reflects the functional performance of COPD patients and whether the necessary time to complete the TGlittre and the PADL varies according to disease severity. Method Thirty-eight patients with COPD (age 65, SD=7 years; forced expiratory volume in the first second 41.3, SD=15.2% predicted underwent anthropometric and lung function assessments and were submitted to the TGlittre and PADL measurement. Results TGlittre performance correlated significantly (p<0.05 with PADL variables, such as time sitting (r=0.50, walking (r=-0.46, number of steps taken (r=–0.53, walking movement intensity (r=–0.66, walking energy expenditure (r=-0.50, and total energy expenditure (r=–0.33. TGlittre performance was not significantly different in patients among the Global Initiative for COPD (GOLD spirometric stages, but walking and sitting time were significantly lower and greater, respectively, in severe and very severe patients compared to those with moderate disease (p<0.05. Conclusion The performance on the TGlittre correlates with walking and sitting time and other real life PADL measurements. The severity of the disease is associated with the differences in the level of physical activity in daily life more than in functional capacity.

  14. Assistive system for people with Apraxia using a Markov decision process.

    Jean-Baptiste, Emilie M D; Russell, Martin; Rothstein, Pia


    CogWatch is an assistive system to re-train stroke survivors suffering from Apraxia or Action Disorganization Syndrome (AADS) to complete activities of daily living (ADLs). This paper describes the approach to real-time planning based on a Markov Decision Process (MDP), and demonstrates its ability to improve task's performance via user simulation. The paper concludes with a discussion of the remaining challenges and future enhancements.

  15. Spirocyclic delta opioid receptor agonists for the treatment of pain: discovery of N,N-diethyl-3-hydroxy-4-(spiro[chromene-2,4'-piperidine]-4-yl) benzamide (ADL5747).

    Le Bourdonnec, Bertrand; Windh, Rolf T; Leister, Lara K; Zhou, Q Jean; Ajello, Christopher W; Gu, Minghua; Chu, Guo-Hua; Tuthill, Paul A; Barker, William M; Koblish, Michael; Wiant, Daniel D; Graczyk, Thomas M; Belanger, Serge; Cassel, Joel A; Feschenko, Marina S; Brogdon, Bernice L; Smith, Steven A; Derelanko, Michael J; Kutz, Steve; Little, Patrick J; DeHaven, Robert N; DeHaven-Hudkins, Diane L; Dolle, Roland E


    Selective, nonpeptidic delta opioid receptor agonists have been the subject of great interest as potential novel analgesic agents. The discoveries of BW373U86 (1) and SNC80 (2) contributed to the rapid expansion of research in this field. However, poor drug-like properties and low therapeutic indices have prevented clinical evaluation of these agents. Doses of 1 and 2 similar to those required for analgesic activity produce convulsions in rodents and nonhuman primates. Recently, we described a novel series of potent, selective, and orally bioavailable delta opioid receptor agonists. The lead derivative, ADL5859 (4), is currently in phase II proof-of-concept studies for the management of pain. Further structure activity relationship exploration has led to the discovery of ADL5747 (36), which is approximately 50-fold more potent than 4 in an animal model of inflammatory pain. On the basis of its favorable efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetic profile, 36 was selected as a clinical candidate for the treatment of pain.




    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Health problems are a major concern for the elderly and they are prone to diseases and disabilities more than the younger age groups which can make them physically and economically dependent. The increasing number of elderly in the country means that they are going to make contributions to the economy. Elderly persons, being one of the most vulnerable groups of the society have more chances of chronic disease, infections, as well as disabilities. Disability has been defined as a restriction or lack of ability to perform an activity in the manner or within the range considered normal for a human being.[1] It reflects how well an individual is able to function in general areas of life. Disability in elderly can be grouped in three large groups. First - who can manage in their daily activities with the help of mechanical devices. Second - who have multiple health problems and severe limitations in mental and/or physical functioning who require very intensive levels of care. Third-in between above two groups, they are functionally disabled in one or two ADLs, or have mild cognitive impairments.[2] OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY: 1. To assess disability related to Activities of Daily Living(ADL amongst the elderly in the urban and rural area. 2. To determine the use of physical aids by the elderly in both the urban and rural areas. MATERIAL AND METHODS: This community-based cross-sectional study was conducted among persons aged 60 years and above, in urban and rural areas in the Kamrup district, Assam. In the study, 400 no.s of elderly are under study of which 200 are from the urban area and 200 from the rural areas. The urban area is from the Guwahati city which consists of 60 municipalty blocks. Out of the sixty municipalty blocks, 10 no.s of blocks are randomly selected and 20 elderly are chosen from each block totaling a mark of 200.The kamrup rural area of Rani Community Development block is choosen from where 20 no.s of villages are

  17. 连续护理干预对老年轻度认知障碍病人MMSE、ADL评分的影响%Influence of continuing nursing intervention on MMSE and ADL score of the aged with mild cognitive impairment

    杨林; 王玲; 沈曼璇; 文月珍


    [目的]探讨连续护理干预对老年轻度认知障碍(MCI)病人简易精神状态评价量表(MMSE)、日常生活能力量表(ADL)评分的影响。[方法]选择老年 MCI 病人40例并随机分为研究组和对照组各20例,在给予两组病人常规药物治疗和护理指导的情况下,研究组实施连续护理干预,并在入院时、住院第4周末对两组病人进行认知功能评价,评价采用 MMSE 量表、ADL 量表。[结果]入院当天,两组病人 MMSE、ADL 评分差异无统计学意义(P >0.05);住院第4周末,研究组 MMSE、ADL 评分明显高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P 0.05);the total MMSE score and ADL score in study group were higher than that in control group after 4 weeks of intervention (P <0.001).There was statistically significant difference in MMSE score and ADL score between after continuous nursing intervention and on their own admission (P <0.001 ). Conclusion:Continuing nursing intervention is a effective plan for old patients with MCI,which can improve the cognitive abilities and activities of daily life of them.

  18. Relative ananlysis on the depression and ADL function of the elderly in nursing home%养老院老年人的活动能力与抑郁的相关性分析

    周菊芝; 陈双琴



  19. Gender differences in health expectancies across the disablement process among older Thais.

    Benjawan Apinonkul

    Full Text Available To estimate health expectancies based on measures that more fully cover the stages in the disablement process for the older Thais and examine gender differences in these health expectancies.Health expectancies by genders using Sullivan's method were computed from the fourth Thai National Health Examination Survey conducted in 2009. A total of 9,210 participants aged 60 years and older were included in the analysis. Health measures included chronic diseases; cognitive impairment; depression; disability in instrumental activities of daily living (IADL; and disability in activities of daily living (ADL.The average number of years lived with and without morbidity and disability as measured by multiple dimensions of health varied and gender differences were not consistent across measures. At age 60, males could expect to live the most years on average free of depression (18.6 years and ADL disability (18.6 years and the least years free of chronic diseases (9.1 years. Females, on the contrary, could expect to live the most years free of ADL disability (21.7 years and the least years free of IADL disability (8.1 years, and they consistently spent more years with all forms of morbidity and disability. Finally, and for both genders, years lived with cognitive impairment, depression and ADL disability were almost constant with increasing age.This study adds knowledge of gender differences in healthy life expectancy in the older Thai population using a wider spectrum of health which provides useful information to diverse policy audiences.

  20. The Alexandria Digital Library (ADL)-The Center of Geographically Referenced Materials on the Internet%亚历山大数字图书馆--互联网上的地理信息资源中心

    刘燕权; 孙秀良; 池煜


    The Alexandria Digital Library (ADL) is one of the biggest and the longest digital library research projects in USA, headquartered at the University of California at Santa Barbara with funding through NSF DLI for ten years. The ADL is a distributed digital library with col ections of geo-referenced materials, providing not only services to its col ections and gazet eer but also their information management tools, such as the Feature Type Thesaurus for classing types of geographic features. This review examines various aspects of the library, including the project's background, organization of resources, service features, and technologies. Authors' comments are also given.%亚历山大数字图书馆项目(Alexandria Digital Library,ADL)是美国最大的、持续时间最长的数字图书馆研究项目之一,自1994年起连续得到了美国国家科学基金会(NSF)的美国数字图书馆倡导计划(Digital Library Initiative,DLI)长达十年的资助。该项目的重点在于设计并运行其颇有特色的地理参考数字图书馆。ADL是一个分布式参考资料数字图书馆,以各种数据来源的地图、图像和地理定位文献为主要收集对象,实现公众对地理空间信息对象的访问和搜索,是互联网上的地理信息资源中心。文章对该数字图书馆的项目背景、信息资源组织、服务和技术特点等进行了介绍和评价。

  1. 音乐疗法对脑卒中偏瘫患者肢体运动功能的影响%The Effects of Music Therapy on Motor Function and ADL in the HemipLegic Patients with Stroke

    宋涛; 许光旭; 龙丽华; 符鲲; 李辉萍; 陶希; 张付秀


    Objective To investigate the effects of music therapy on the limbs motor function and activity of daily living(ADL) in the hemipLegic patients with stroke. Methods A randomly case control study approach was conducted. Thirty nine hemiplegic patients with storke were randomly divided into experiment group(n=20) and control group (n=19).All patients were treated with routine rehabilitatinon training. Those patients In experiment group were treated with music therapy additionally. All patients were assessed by Fugl-Meyer assessment(FMA) and Modified Barthel Index(MBI) before and after 4-week therapy. Result After 4 weeks treatment in both groups, FMA and MBI scores improved significantly compared with anterior treatment(P<0.01). Meanwhile, FMA and MBI scores in experimental group increased outstanding higher than control group(P<0.01). Conclusion Music therapy can improve the limbs motor function and ADL in the hemiplegic patients with stroke.%目的:探讨音乐疗法对脑卒中偏瘫患者肢体运动功能和日常生活活动(ADL)能力的影响。方法采用随机病例对照方法,将入选的39例脑卒中患者随机分为治疗组(n=20)和对照组(n=19),治疗组音乐疗法进行干预。入选时和治疗4周后,用Fugl-Meyer运动功能评分方法和改良巴氏指数评定患者的肢体运动功能和ADL能力。结果同组间治疗前后比较,FMA和MBI均有明显改善,差异有显著性意义(P<0.01),治疗后治疗组与对照组之间的FMA和MBI值比较差异有显著性意义(P<0.01)。结论音乐疗法可明显地促进脑卒中偏瘫患者肢体运动功能和ADL能力恢复。

  2. 论美国政府公共债务的可持续性基于ADL模型的实证研究%Sustainability of US Government Public Debt An Empirical Research Based on ADL Model

    秦卫波; 王立荣; 李成宇


    随着世界经济缓慢复苏,不断攀升的政府债务问题正困扰着美国、日本及欧洲多个国家,这其中美国政府债务问题尤为引人关注。以1959—2013年美国基本预算盈余/赤字、公共债务规模等相关数据为基础,构建了自回归分布滞后(ADL)模型,并对美国政府公共债务可持续性问题进行了分析,研究结果表明:政府预算赤字/盈余、公共债务规模、预期通货膨胀、经济波动指标等变量之间存在门限协整关系。美国政府预算充分考虑了债务规模的膨胀及经济周期等因素,这保障了公共债务呈现出向其均衡稳态回归的特征,不存在爆炸性增长的可能,保证了美国公共债务的可持续。%Along with the gradual resuscitation of world economy, the rising government debt has become a major obstacle to such countries as USA,Japan, and many European countries,among which USA stands out.Based on the data of US primary budget surplus/deficit and its public debt scale from 1959 to 2013,the ADL model was built to analyze the sustainability of US government public debt. The results showed that there exists a threshold cointegrating relationship among such variables as government budget surplus/deficit,public debt scale,anticipated inflation,and business cycle indicators.The US government budget takes full consideration of such factors as debt scale inflation and economic cycle so as to make sure that the public debt takes on a balanced and steady returning and avoids possible explosive growth,thus guaranteeing the sustainability of US government public debt.

  3. Rehabilitation therapy centralized on facilitation improving ADL in stroke patients%以易化技术为主的康复治疗对脑卒中患者ADL能力的影响

    刘艳; 崔树勤


    To improve ADL,quality of life,and realize goal of returning society,we performed rehabilitation therapy centralized on facilitation on 40 stroke patients and obtained good therapeutic effect.Here is the report. 1 Subject and method 1.1 Subject 80 inpatients with stroke recruited during 1997~ 2000 were randomly divided into rehabilitation group and control group,each group having 40 cases.Patients in rehabilitation group were 45~ 74 years of age(mean age:56 years) including 32 men and 8 women.13 cases in rehabilitation group suffered from cerebral hemorrhage,27 from cerebral infarction,22 from left paralysis,and 18 from right paralysis.Patients in control group were 43~ 75 years of age(mean age:55 years) including 29 men and 11 women.24 cases in rehabilitation group suffered from cerebral hemorrhage,18 from cerebral infarction,24 from left paralysis,and 18 from right paralysis.All diagnoses were carried out according with 4th national cerebrovascular disease meeting of China in 1995[1] and confirmed by CT or MRI.

  4. Promoting ADL independence in vulnerable, community-dwelling older adults: a pilot RCT comparing 3-Step Workout for Life versus resistance exercise

    Liu C


    Full Text Available Chiung-ju Liu,1,2 Huiping Xu,3,4 NiCole R Keith,2,4,5 Daniel O Clark2,4,6 1Department of Occupational Therapy, Indiana University School of Health and Rehabilitation Sciences, 2Indiana University Center for Aging Research, 3Department of Biostatistics, Indiana University Richard M. Fairbanks School of Public Health, 4Regenstrief Institute, Inc., 5Department of Kinesiology, Indiana University School of Physical Education and Tourism Management, 6Indiana University School of Medicine, Indianapolis, IN, USA Background: Resistance exercise is effective to increase muscle strength for older adults; however, its effect on the outcome of activities of daily living is often limited. The purpose of this study was to examine whether 3-Step Workout for Life (which combines resistance exercise, functional exercise, and activities of daily living exercise would be more beneficial than resistance exercise alone. Methods: A single-blind randomized controlled trial was conducted. Fifty-two inactive, community-dwelling older adults (mean age =73 years with muscle weakness and difficulty in activities of daily living were randomized to receive 3-Step Workout for Life or resistance exercise only. Participants in the 3-Step Workout for Life Group performed functional movements and selected activities of daily living at home in addition to resistance exercise. Participants in the Resistance Exercise Only Group performed resistance exercise only. Both groups were comparable in exercise intensity (moderate, duration (50–60 minutes each time for 10 weeks, and frequency (three times a week. Assessment of Motor and Process Skills, a standard performance test on activities of daily living, was administered at baseline, postintervention, and 6 months after intervention completion.Results: At postintervention, the 3-Step Workout for Life Group showed improvement on the outcome measure (mean change from baseline =0.29, P=0.02, but the improvement was not greater than

  5. The status of chronic conditions among the elderly and the influencing factors related to ADL of old people%老年人群慢性病患病状况及对其日常生活能力的影响

    吕桦; 李盛; 倪宗瓒


    目的研究老年人群的健康状况及其日常生活功能的受损情况,分析其主要影响因素及其作用大小,为当前的医疗卫生体制改革提供理论依据。方法采用整群随机抽样方法,抽样调查安徽省部分城市和农村的老年人口的患病情况及其日常生活功能,应用单因素分析和多因素的logistic回归模型分析了老人日常生活功能(ADL)受损的主要影响因素。结果年龄、婚姻状况、患病数量和吸烟习惯等是老人ADL损害的主要危险因素,而锻炼身体、月均收入和一般健康保健知识是ADL损害的保护因素。此外,不同的患病种类对老人的ADL功能影响差异较大。结论目前老年人的ADL功能受损情况较为严重,影响因素很多,寻找有效的、切实可行的干预措施以提高老年人的健康生命质量。%Objective To survey about the health status, the activity of daily living conditions and their influencing factors among the elderly in Anhui province, to provide the reference for the current health service system reform of China. Methods 1 424 older persons were selected by Cluster sampling and random sampling methods. The chronic diseases prevalence rate, the damage of ADL among the elderly were investigated. The main influencing factors related to the damage of ADL was analyzed by single and multiple variable logistic regression model. Results The older persons with aging, lose fare or divorce, multiple chronic disease and smoking habit were at high risk to ADL damage, but physical exercise, high income and well health knowledge may be protective factors which can reduce the ADL damage rate. Different kind of chronic diseases played the different role in the ADL damage among the elderly. Conclusion The conditions of ADL damage remains serious among the elderly and there are a lot of affected factors. How to find the effective preventive intervention for the elderly and put it into practice

  6. Hasan İlmi of the Crete and His Divanche Titled Me'alimü'l-garam / Giritli Hasan İlmî ve Me'âlimü'l-garâm Adlı Divançesi

    İsmail AVCI


    Full Text Available Crete Island is one of the most significant place by virtue of Turkish cultural history and often remembered by the authors and poets who lived in this island during the Ottoman period. The subject of this paper Hasan İlmi is amongst such authors commemorated as of the Crete. Hasan İlmi of the Crete worked as a government officer in various places in the Ottoman Empire and wrote several works of which only three works are available today. The first of these works is an unpublished Ottoman dictionary titled Osmanlı Dili. The second work of the author is titled Yemen Salnamesi with co-writer Hüseyin Hüsnü written during the period when the author served in Yemen. The last work of Hasan İlmi is a divanche (collection of his poems titled Me'alimü'l-garam. This work is composed of 2 praises dedicated to the Prophet Muhammad, 24 odes, 1 poem, and 3 ballads. In this paper, information about Hasan İlmi of the Crete and works will be provided and then his work Me'alimü'l-garam will be presented in more detail. Girit Adası, Osmanlı Dönemi'nde yetiştirdiği yazar ve şairlerle adından çokça söz edilen, Türk kültür tarihi bakımından dikkate değer yerlerden biridir. Bu yazıya konu olan Hasan İlmî de "Giridî" olarak anılan müelliflerdendir. Hayatını imparatorluğun farklı yerlerinde çeşitli devlet görevlerinde bulunarak geçiren Giritli Hasan İlmî'nin elde üç eseri bulunmaktadır. Bunlardan ilki Osmanlı Dili adlı basılamamış bir sözlük çalışmasıdır. İkinci eser müellifin Yemen'de bulunduğu dönemde Hüseyin Hüsnü ile birlikte hazırladığı Yemen Salnâmesi'dir. Hasan İlmî'nin üçüncü eseri ise şiirlerini bir araya getirdiği Me'âlimü'l-garâm adlı divançesidir. Eserde 2 naat, 24 gazel, 1 manzume ve 3 şarkı bulunmaktadır. Bu yazıda önce Giritli Hasan İlmî ve eserleri hakkında bilgi verilecek, ardından Me'âlimü'l-garâm üzerinde durulacak ve eserin metni verilecektir.

  7. Effects of gross motor function and manual function levels on performance-based ADL motor skills of children with spastic cerebral palsy.

    Park, Myoung-Ok


    [Purpose] The purpose of this study was to determine effects of Gross Motor Function Classification System and Manual Ability Classification System levels on performance-based motor skills of children with spastic cerebral palsy. [Subjects and Methods] Twenty-three children with cerebral palsy were included. The Assessment of Motor and Process Skills was used to evaluate performance-based motor skills in daily life. Gross motor function was assessed using Gross Motor Function Classification Systems, and manual function was measured using the Manual Ability Classification System. [Results] Motor skills in daily activities were significantly different on Gross Motor Function Classification System level and Manual Ability Classification System level. According to the results of multiple regression analysis, children categorized as Gross Motor Function Classification System level III scored lower in terms of performance based motor skills than Gross Motor Function Classification System level I children. Also, when analyzed with respect to Manual Ability Classification System level, level II was lower than level I, and level III was lower than level II in terms of performance based motor skills. [Conclusion] The results of this study indicate that performance-based motor skills differ among children categorized based on Gross Motor Function Classification System and Manual Ability Classification System levels of cerebral palsy.

  8. Amasyalı Hüseyin Hüsameddin’in Temel Adlı Eserinin Birinci Cüz’ü First Section of Temel by Hüseyin Hüsameddin of Amasya

    Erol ÖZTÜRK


    prü, Osmancık, Refahiye gibi beldelerde resmî görevlerde de bulunmuştur. Türk Dil Kurumu ve Türk Tarih Kurumu üyesi olan yazar daha çok Amasya Tarihi adlı 12 ciltlik eseriyle tanınmaktadır. 1926 yılında Temel adlı bir çalışmanın birinci bölümünü tamamlamış ve İstanbul’da Arşak Matbaası’nda yayınlamıştır. Yazar eserinde Türk diline o zamana göre çok yeni ve farklı bir açıdan yaklaşmış, Türkçe kelimelerin kökenlerini Arap dilinin kurallarına göre açıklamaya çalışmıştır. Türkçe kelime kökleri ve bu köklerden yapılmış yeni kelimlerle ilgili çok sayıda örneğe yer verilmiştir. Eserde Türkçe dünya dillerinin anası kabul edilmiş, dil tarihi ile ilgili ilgi çekici tespitler yapılmıştır. Bu tespitler Atatürk döneminde ortaya atılan Güneş Dil Teorisideki fikirlere benzemektedir. Belki de Hüseyin Hüsameddin’in Temel adlı eseri ve buna benzer eserler Atatürk’ün dilde yenileştirme ve sadeleştirme çabalarına fikirler vererek destek olmuşlardır. Eserde Türk dilinin sesleri, seslerin grupları, harfler, harflerin manaları, harekeler gibi konulara yer verilmiştir. Son bölümde ak kelimesi hakkında bir uygulamaya yer verilmiştir. Eser, Türkçenin tarihi ve grameri konusunda bilinenin dışında fikirler ihtiva eder. Ayrıca eserde pek çok yeni gramer terimi de kullanılmaktadır. Bu yazıda Temel’in birinci cüzünün metni sunulmuş ve yazarın bu konudaki fikir ve değerlendirmeleri toparlanmıştır.

  9. Faruk Nafiz Çamlıbel’in Suda Halkalar Adlı Eserinde Su İmajları ve Benzetmeler Water Images and Metaphors in Suda Halkalar Which Faruk Nafiz Çamlıbel’s Work



    Full Text Available Suda Halkalar (Circles in Water which the poetry book of Faruk Nafiz Çamlıbel, has not been translated into the Latin alphabet to the present day. The images of the water and metaphors which used in this work brought new connotations and approaches to the Turkish poetry. The images of the water in the poetry book are used instead of the poet's soul and dreams sometimes. These images are thought with poet’s darling and sometimes are used as a background. The poetformed the images of the water in his poem sadly. There are the poetand his darling in these tables. The images of the water and thedreams of the poet form the background of the poem. The backgroundsin this poem are repeated as a leitmotiv. Visuality and individualitybecomes important feature in these tables created by the poet. Themetaphors in the work created differently from classical Turkish poetry.These metaphors brought a new meaning to the poem. The poem basedon the intellectual grounds via metaphors. This can be considered asone of the significant achievements of Turkish poetry. We can see thatthe past remembered and desired both in poetry and metaphors bypessimistic feeling. In this respect the past affects the poet's dreamscombining with a sense of mourning, water images and metaphors inpoetry. The metaphors can be grouped as imaginary, visual andstrongly poetic ground. The feelings of pessimism and sadness arepredominant in these metaphors. The images and metaphors used bythe poet can be considered as an improvement for Turkish poetry. It isthe first research done on Suda Halkalar (Circles in Water will help tobetter understand and identify Çamlıbel’s aspect of poetry and literaryline. Faruk Nafiz Çamlıbel’in Suda Halkalar adlı şiir kitabı günümüze kadar Latin harflerine aktarılmamıştır. Bu eserde kullanılan su imajları ve benzetmeler Türk şiirine yeni yaklaşımlar ve çağrışımlar getirmiştir. Eserdeki su imajları bazen şairin ruhu ve hayalleri

  10. Can the Glittre ADL test differentiate the functional capacity of COPD patients from that of healthy subjects? O teste de AVD-Glittre é capaz de diferenciar a capacidade funcional de indivíduos com DPOC da de saudáveis?

    Krislainy S. Corrêa


    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The Glittre ADL (TGlittre test is a specifically designed to assess functional limitation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD patients. However, it is not known if it can differentiate the performance of these patients from healthy subjects. OBJECTIVES: To investigate whether the Glittre ADL test is able to differentiate the functional capacity of COPD patients from that of healthy subjects and to compare the cardiorespiratory response between Glittre ADL and the six-minute walk test (6MWT. METHODS: The study included 10 patients with COPD (GOLD 2 to 4 and 10 healthy subjects matched by age who performed the following: spirometry pre-and post-bronchodilator, a Glittre ADL test and two 6MWT on two consecutive days. RESULTS: The performance of COPD (FEV1%pred= 38.1±11.8, age=64±10 years, BMI=23.7±5.2 kg/ m² was worse than the control group on TGlittre (5.26±2.9 min, 3.3±0.3 min, p0.05. CONCLUSIONS: The performance of COPD patients is worse than that of healthy subjects on the Glittre ADL test, with a greater increase in dyspnea and similar heart rates.CONTEXTUALIZAÇÃO: O teste de AVD Glittre (TGlittre é um teste específico desenvolvido para avaliar a limitação funcional em pacientes com doença pulmonar obstrutiva crônica (DPOC, no entanto não se sabe qual sua capacidade de diferenciar o desempenho de doentes do de indivíduos saudáveis. OBJETIVOS: Investigar se o TGlittre é capaz de diferenciar a capacidade funcional de pacientes com DPOC da de indivíduos normais, além de comparar a resposta cardiorrespiratória induzida pelo TGlittre com a do teste de caminhada de seis minutos (TC6min. MÉTODOS: Participaram do estudo dez indivíduos com DPOC (GOLD 2 a 4 e dez indivíduos saudáveis de mesma faixa etária, realizando as seguintes avaliações: espirometria pré e pós-broncodilatador; um TGlittre e dois TC6min em dois dias consecutivos. RESULTADOS: O grupo DPOC (VEF1%prev = 38,1±11,8, idade = 64±10 anos

  11. Halveti-Şâbânî Şeyhi Mustafa Kemâleddîn Bekrî ve Hediyyetü’l-Ahbâb Adlı Eseri

    Halim Gül


    Full Text Available AbstractThis article studies the life and woks of Kemaleddin Bekrî, who affiliated himself to Khalvati-Shabani Sheikh Abdullatîf b. Hüsameddîn el-Halebî, and who was growed up under Abd al-Ghani al-Nabulsi’s control. His work “Hadiyyat al-Ahbab fi ma li’l-Khalveti min al-Şuruti va’l-Adab”, which explains the conditions and rules of “khalvet” was also studied. The work consists of preface, eight parts and an epilogue and all parts examined in detail.ÖzetBu makalede, Abdülganî Nablusî’nin (ö.1143/1730 gözetiminde yetişen, halvetî-Şabânî şeyhi Abdullatîf b. Hüsameddîn el-Halebî’ye intisap eden Mustafa Kemaleddin Bekrî’nin hayatı ve eserleri incelenmiştir. Bu çerçevede onun tasavvufi bir kavram olan halvetin âdab ve şartlarını izah eden “Hediyyetü’l ahbâb fî mâ li’l-halveti mine’ş-şurûti ve’l-âdâb” adlı risalesinin incelenmesi ve değerlendirmesi üzerinde durulmuştur. Söz konusu eser, mukaddime sekiz bölüm ve bir hatimeden oluşmaktadır.Le Shaykh Khalwatî-Sha‘bânî Mustafâ Kamâl al-Dîn Bakrî et son Traité qui s’intitule Hadiyya al-ahbâbRésuméDans cet article, on va étudier d’abord la vie et les œuvres du Shaykh Khalwatî-Sha‘bânî Mustafâ Kamâl al-Dîn Bakrî qui a été éduqué par le célèbre soufi ‘Abd al-Ghanî Nablûsî (m. 1143/1730 et a été initié par ‘Abd al-Latîf b. Husâm al-Dîn al-Halabî. Puis, plus particulièrement, on va analyser son traité qui s’intitule ‘Hadiyya al-ahbâb fî mâ li’l-khalwatî min al-shurût wa’l-âdâb’. Ce traité – qui a été composé de dix-huit chapitres et d’une conclusion – étudie les convenances et les conditions de la retraite spirituelle, khalwa, une des notions soufies importantes

  12. Mehmed Enisî Yalkı’nın Alman Ruhu Adlı Seyahatnamesine İmgebilimsel Bir Yaklaşım An Imagologist Approach To Mehmet Enisi Yalkı's Travelbook

    Yılmaz DAŞCIOĞLU


    , Cumhuriyetle birlikte sistematik hale getirilen batı tipi Türk kimliğinin inşasında önemli bir görev üstlendiğini söylemek yanlış olmayacaktır. Bu çalışmada, II. Meşrutiyet’in ilanı ile birlikte büyük bir artış gösteren yurt dışı seyahatnamelerinden birisi imgebilimsel yöntemle incelenmektedir. Meşrutiyet dönemi isimlerinden gazeteci-yazar Mehmed Enisî Yalkı’nın, henüz Latin alfabesine aktarılmayan Alman Ruhu adlı seyahatnamesinde yeni bir ulusun, batı tipi Türk’ün inşası için teklif ettiği Alman/Almanya modeli çeşitli imgeler aracılığıyla çözümlenmektedir. Bütün bir seyahatname boyunca “Alman gibi çalış”, “Alman gibi metin ol”, “Alman gibi ruhunu kuvvetlendir”, “Alman gibi adalete hizmet et” nidalarının bir arka fon olarak çınlaması, Almanya’nın model alınmasının teklif edilmesinin açık işaretleridir. Çalışmanın sonunda, Tanzimat’tan Cumhuriyet’e kadar uzanan yeni bir ulusun inşası bunalımını yaşayan Osmanlı aydınının, seyahatnameyi bir edebi tür gibi kullanmaktan çok, toplumu eğitmek, ona yön vermek, ona alternatif yaşam ve kültür sunmak kaygısıyla kaleme aldığı tespit edilmektedir.

  13. 自护模式对脑卒中康复期患者自护能力和日常生活活动能力的影响%Effect of self-care model on ADL of cerebral stroke patients during rehabilitation period

    满晶; 李秋洁


    目的 讨自护健康教育对脑卒中康复期患者自护能力和日常生活活动能力的影响。方法 研究对象选取哈尔滨某三甲医院神经内科2008年10月至2009年9月住院的符合人组对象标准的脑卒中康复期患者62例,随机分为实验组(32例)和对照组(30例),对照组患者进行常规健康教育,干预组患者在此基础上进行自护健康教育。采用自护能力测定量表和日常生活活动能力量表评价患者的自护能力和日常生活活动能力。结果 干预前两组患者在自护能力和日常生活活动能力两方面得分比较差异无统计学意义(P>0.05);干预后实验组患者自护责任感评分(13.59±4.66)分高于对照组(10.87 ±4.73)分,差异有统计学意义(t =20 287,P <0.05),ADL评分(76.25±14.81)分高于对照组评分(62.33±15.58)分,差异有统计学意义(t=3.606,P<0.01),自我概念、自护技能、健康知识水平、自护能力方面评分也显著高于对照组,差异均有统计学意义(P<0.01)。结论 自护健康教育与常规的健康教育相比,能更有效地提高脑卒中康复期患者的自护能力和日常生活活动能力,值得在临床工作中推广应用。%Objective To explore the effect of self-care model on ADL (Activity of Daily Living) of cerebral stroke patients during rehabilitation period. Methods 62 cerebral patients who were admitted in our hospital from October 2008 to September 2009 according to criteria of enrollment were enrolled. They were randomly divided into experiment group ( 32 patients ) and control group ( 30 patients). Patients in experiment group received self-care model based on conventional nursing, whereas those in control group were given conventional nursing education only. Patients' ability of self-care and ADL were assessed by standard scales sequentially. Results No difference was found about patients' self-care ability and ADL in two groups before

  14. Hâlit Ziya Uşaklıgil'in ''Kar Yağarken'' Adlı Öyküsüne Yapısalcı Bir Yaklaşım A Structuralist Approach to Hâlit Ziya Uşaklıgil's Short Story "Kar Yağarken" (While It Snows

    Yavuz Sinan ULU


    Full Text Available 20th century is admitted era of structuralism in the human sciences. Firstly, structuralism emerged in range of linguistic and completed the process of acquisition of a scientific identity in this field. Sometimes structuralism was adopted as a method in expression of fact, sometimes it also was described as doctrin or common tendency of diffrent groups. Structuralism, founded by F. de Saussure, is interested in structures and it aspecially researches on general institutes making these structures on. Structuralism has a tendency to degradefhenomans up to some parts of these institutes. Structuralism theoryaims at determining and describing frame of components thosegenerating a narration and detecting every component’s function in thewhole part. According to structuralism, every single component isvaluable and these components are like keys those provide to cross intodeep structure from surface based upon simultaneity.This paper includes an analysis of the short story "Kar Yağarken"belonging to one of the most significant novelists of Turkish LiteratureHalit Ziya Uşaklıgil in the way of structuralism. This story occupied inBir Şi'r-i Hayal which published in 1914. Key element of Uşaklıgil'sstoryies is love of child. Writer opens the children's world of doors toreader with sensibility which wring the hearts. "Kar Yağarken" is alsosuch a story. In the story that is about pathetic lifestory of a lonelyfoundling by the name of Sermed, his dilemmas, rat race, dreams andlots of facts more are symbolized by the means of person, place, time,object, scent, and emotion profile. Child heart flourishing by a fury coatis represented by Sermed. 20. yüzyıl, insan bilimlerinde yapısalcılık çağı olarak adlandırılır. Yapısalcılık, ilk kez dilbilim sahasında kendini göstermiş ve bilimsel bir kimlik kazanım sürecini bu alanda tamamlamıştır. Yapısalcılık, bazen olguları ifadede bir yöntem olarak benimsenmiş bazen de öğreti veya

  15. 脑卒中患者偏瘫侧下肢肌力与运动功能、平衡、步行速度及ADL的关系%Relationship between strength of the paretic lower limb and motor, balance, walking speed,ADL for hemiparetic stroke patients

    瓮长水; 毕胜; 田哲; 于增志; 徐军; 霍春暖; 高丽萍; 王军


    目的探讨脑卒中患者偏瘫侧下肢肌力与运动功能、平衡、步行速度及日常生活活动能力(ADL)等临床变量之间的相互关系.方法对85例脑卒中偏瘫患者,用Motricity指数评测患侧下肢肌力;用Fugl-Meyer法评测下肢运动功能;用Berg平衡量表测定平衡功能;测定10 m最大步行速度;用独立功能量表(FIM)测量ADL能力.对偏瘫下肢肌力与运动功能、平衡、步行速度和ADL能力临床变量之间进行Pearson相关分析,然后进行逐步回归分析确定影响临床变量最重要的下肢肌力因素.结果患者偏瘫侧下肢肌力与运动功能、平衡、步行速度和ADL之间呈高度正相关(r=0.592-0.811,P<0.001);偏瘫侧踝屈曲肌力、膝伸展肌力和髋屈曲肌力分别是运动功能(R2=0.377,P<0.001)、平衡(R2=0.321,P<0.001)、步行速度(R2=0.173,P<0.001)、ADL(R2=0.42,P<0.001)最重要的决定因素.结论脑卒中患者的偏瘫侧下肢肌力明显影响着患者运动功能、平衡、步行速度和ADL能力的恢复,合理地评价和改善偏瘫侧肌力,对优化康复治疗程序有重要意义.

  16. Hugo Pratt’ın Semerkant’taki Altın Yaldızlı Ev Adlı Çizgi Roman’ında Türk Osmanlı İzleri ve Enver Paşa Efsanesi

    Ali YAĞLI


    Corto Maltese, Hugo Pratt’ın çizgi roman dünyasına kazandırdığı önemli ve sevilen bir kahramandır. Corto maceralarının anlatıldığı Corto çizgi roman serileri birçok dile çevrilmiştir. Dost Kitabevi de Corto çizgi romanlarını yayınlayarak Türk okuyucusunu bu sevilen çizgi romanla buluşturdu. Semerkant’daki Altın Yaldızlı Ev adlı çizgi roman’daki bazı olaylar Osmanlı İmparatorluğunun son dönem sınırlarındaki şehirlerde geçtiği için Türk okuyucusunun daha çok dikkatini çekmektedir. Semerkant’a u...

  17. National Geographic Türkiye Dergisinde Yayımlanan “Kadın Semazenler” Adlı Dosyada Gelenek-Modernite Karşıtlığının Sunumu


    The purpose of this study, through the assertion that the National Geographic Magazine perceive the world with an American ideological perspective and that the presentation of the Third World Countries is made within this perspective as stated in Catherine A. Lutzand Jane L. Collins’ collaborative work titled as “Reading National Geographic”, to review the modernity-tradition dichotomy of the modernization process of Turkey via the photographs and texts covered in this magazine and trace this...

  18. Hasan Basri Çantay’ın “On Kere Kırk Hadis” Adlı Eserinde Ahkâm Hadislerine Getirdiği Fıkhî Yorumlar / Hasan Basri Çantay’s Fiqh Interpretations on Ahādīth Ahkām In The Entitled Book ‘On Kere Kırk Hadis’

    Mehmet Özkan


    Full Text Available Milli mücadele yıllarının öne çıkan isimlerinden biri olan Hasan Basri Çantay yazarlık, gazetecilik, öğretmenlik ve milletvekilliği gibi birçok alanda faaliyet göstermiş, çeşitli konularda yazılar yazmış, eserler kaleme almıştır. İslami ilimler alanında da kendini yetiştiren Çantay’ın bu alandaki en önemli eseri “Kur’an-ı Hakîm ve Meal-i Kerîm” adlı Kur’an mealidir. İkinci önemli eseri, “On Kere Kırk Hadis” adlı kitabıdır. 1955-1962 yılları arasında üç cilt halinde basılan bu kitap iman, ibâdet, temizlik, ahlak, muâmelat, evlenme, boşanma, suç ve cezalar, şûra, askerlik ve cihat, savaş hukuku,  helal,  haram gibi birçok konuyla ilgili bin iki yüz hadisten oluşmaktadır. Bunların yaklaşık dört yüz yirmisi ahkâm hadisidir. Çantay, hadisleri tercüme etmekle kalmamış yeri geldikçe izahlarda da bulunmuştur. Bu çalışmada Çantay’ın yaklaşık yüz otuz ahkâm hadisine yaptığı izah ve fıkhî değerlendirmelerden örneklere yer verilecektir.Hasan Basri Çantay, one of the most famous personalities in the National Struggle period in Turkey, has been active in many areas such as writing, journalism, teaching and member of parliament. Additionally, he has written the articles and the books on various topics. He educated himself in the field of basic Islamic sciences. His most important Qur'anic interpretation (tafsir is entitled “Kur’an-ı Hakîm ve Meal-i Kerîm” and his second major work is titled “On Kere Kırk Hadis.” The book, published in three volumes between 1955 and 1962 years, consist of thousand two hundred hadith associated with many issues, such as faith, worship, cleanliness, morals, procedures, marriage and divorce, crime and punishment, the council, soldiering, jihad, law of war, lawful, forbidden. Approximately four hundred and twenty of hadith are ahādīth ahkām. Çantay has translated hadith and occasionally interpreted them in the

  19. Independencia en las actividades de la vida: Estudio de validación de una escala para la población portuguesa Independence in the performance of Daily life activities (ADLs: validating a research scale applied to the Portuguese population

    Gorete Reis


    Full Text Available La funcionalidad cobra un lugar relevante en la independencia de los mayores, situación que se pretende se mantenga el mayor tiempo posible de la vida. La funcionalidad es un construto multidimensional medido a través de las actividades personales e instrumentales de la vida. El objetivo primordial del estudio es validar una escala de actividades de la vida, para la población portuguesa, de mediana edad y envejecida (n = 1.322. De los resultados del estudio verificamos la existencia de tres factores con características psicométricas adecuadas: movilidad, actividades instrumentales de la vida diaria y actividades personales de la vida diaria, con una variación explicada del 64,75%, teniendo un interés específico para la población que vive en la comunidad.Functionality has primordial importance in old people's independence; situation we wish to be as long as possible in the course of one's life. Functionality is a multidimensional construct measured through personal and instrumental activities of the life (ADL and IADL. The aim of this study is to validate a scale of daily life activities for the Portuguese population, middle-aged and elderly (n = 1322. Results of this study show us the existence of three factors, with suitable psychometric characteristics, which are: mobility, instrumental activities of daily life and personal activities of daily life, with an explained variation of 64.75%. It has a specific interest for the population living in the community.

  20. The effects of occupational therapy guided by ICF theory on the ADL in elderly hemiplegic stroke patients%ICF理念下的作业训练对老年脑卒中偏瘫患者日常生活能力及生存质量的影响

    陈宇岚; 陆兴华; 史庭璋; 陈文华


    目的 探讨ICF(International Classification of Functioning,Disability and Health,国际功能、残疾和健康分类)理念下的作业治疗对脑卒中偏瘫患者日常生活活动能力(ability of daily living,ADL)及生存质量的影响.方法 将60例老年脑卒中偏瘫患者随机分为观察组与对照组各30例,观察组采用ICF理念下的作业治疗进行干预,对照组采用传统作业治疗,两组患者均接受常规康复治疗.人选时和治疗6个月后分别采用Barthel指数(Barthel Index,BI)、功能综合评定量表(Functional Comprehensive Assessment,FCA)及SF-36生活质量调查表进行评定.结果 治疗6个月后,同组比较BI、FCA评分均较治疗前有提高(P<0.05),治疗后观察组BI、FCA及SF-36评分均高于对照组(P<0.05).结论 相较于传统作业治疗,ICF理念下的作业治疗有助于进一步改善脑卒中偏瘫患者的ADL能力,提高生活生存质量.

  1. Process Accounting

    Gilbertson, Keith


    Standard utilities can help you collect and interpret your Linux system's process accounting data. Describes the uses of process accounting, standard process accounting commands, and example code that makes use of process accounting utilities.

  2. Advancements in Distributed Learning (ADL) Environment in Support of Transformation


    the findings and transition of this technology to the Alliance: • Canada; • France; • Finland; • Italy; • Netherlands; • Norway; • Sweden ...Azerbaijan, Finland, Moldova, Romania and Sweden . 5.0 MEETINGS HELD BY RTG HFM-212 • First meeting took place in Venice, Italy June 15-16, 2010

  3. [Dementias and daily competence: effects beyond ADL and IADL].

    Wilms, H U; Baltes, M M; Kanowski, S


    Using a time-budget method in a 3 year longitudinal study with a control group design, substantial reductions in the engagement of nonobligatory instrumental, social, and leisure activities could be found in a group of mildly to moderately demented patients. Controlling these changes for differences in baseline parameters, the dementia-specific reduction was about 1 1/2 hours compared to a non-psychiatric control group. These clinically relevant changes in activity levels underscore the importance of these activity domains with regard to the development of diagnostically useful indicators at the early stages of dementia. Time-budget methods seem to be particularly useful to close the diagnostic gap with regard to the assessment of everyday competence indicators especially at early stages of the dementia illness.

  4. AMEM-ADL Polymer Migration Estimation Model User's Guide

    The user's guide of the Arthur D. Little Polymer Migration Estimation Model (AMEM) provides the information on how the model estimates the fraction of a chemical additive that diffuses through polymeric matrices.

  5. Pro·kin平衡训练仪对脑卒中患者步行能力和日常生活活动能力的影响%Effects of Pro·kin Balance Training Instrument on Walking Ability and Activities of Daily Living (ADL) of Stroke Patients

    迪晓霞; 张巧俊; 李鑫铭; 翟月萍


    Objective:To study the effect of Pro·kin balance training instrument on walking ability and activities of daily living (ADL) of stroke pa-tients. Methods:48 stroke patients were randomly divided into treatment group (24 cases) and control group (24 cases), control group with conven-tional rehabilitation training, treatment group adopted rehabilitation training with Pro·kin balance training instrument, Berg balance scale, Fugl-Mey-er balance scale, Holden walking ability scale and Barthel index were used to evaluate effect. Results:After treatment of 6 weeks, the BBS score, BI score, Holden grade and F-M score of treatment group were all better than those of control group (P<0.05). Conclusion:Pro·kin balance training in-strument can improve the walking ability and activities of daily living of stroke patients more effectively.%目的:探讨Pro·kin平衡训练仪对脑卒中患者步行能力及日常生活活动能力(ADL)的影响。方法:将48例脑卒中患者随机分为治疗组(24例)和对照组(24例),对照组给予常规康复训练,治疗组则采用Pro·kin平衡功能训练仪进行康复训练,采用Berg平衡量表、Fugl-Meyer平衡量表、Holden步行能力量表和Barthel指数进行疗效评价。结果:治疗6周后,治疗组BBS评分、BI评分、Holden分级、F-M评分均优于对照组(P<0.05)。结论:Pro·kin平衡功能训练仪能更有效改善脑卒中患者的步行能力和日常生活活动能力。

  6. 不同病变程度下皮质下动脉硬化性脑病患者ADL评分与社会功能评分研究%ADL Score and Social Function Score in Patients with Subcortical Atherosclerotic Encephalopathy with Different Lesion Degree



    目的 分析不同病变程度皮质下动脉硬化性脑病(SAE)患者 ADL评分及社会功能评分情况.方法 以我院2013年1月~2015年1月就诊的100例SAE患者为研究对象,根据不同病变程度将其分为轻型、中型及重型,分别通过ADL(日常生活活动量表)评分、SDSS(社会功能缺陷筛选量表)评分、SDS(抑郁自评量表)及SAS(焦虑自评量表)评分评定并比较不同病变程度患者日常生活活动能力、社会功能及心理情况.结果 轻型SAE患者ADL评分(52.8±5.4)分,中型患者ADL评分(40.5±3.5)分,重型患者ADL评分(28.9±4.1)分,ADL评分与病情严重程度呈负相关(P<0.05);轻型患者SDSS评分(2.1±0.4)分,中型患者SDSS评分(4.6±0.5)分,重型患者SDSS评分(6.8±1.2)分,SDSS评分与病情严重程度呈正相关(P<0.05);另外SDS评分与疾病严重程度呈正相关(P<0.05),而不同分型SAE患者SAS评分均在50分以下.结论 SAE患者病情越严重,日常生活能力越低下,社会功能缺陷越严重,抑郁症状亦越明显.

  7. Meat Processing.

    Legacy, Jim; And Others

    This publication provides an introduction to meat processing for adult students in vocational and technical education programs. Organized in four chapters, the booklet provides a brief overview of the meat processing industry and the techniques of meat processing and butchering. The first chapter introduces the meat processing industry and…

  8. Primary Processing

    Mulder, W.J.; Harmsen, P.F.H.; Sanders, J.P.M.; Carre, P.; Kamm, B.; Schoenicke, P.


    Primary processing of oil-containing material involves pre-treatment processes, oil recovery processes and the extraction and valorisation of valuable compounds from waste streams. Pre-treatment processes, e.g. thermal, enzymatic, electrical and radio frequency, have an important effect on the oil r

  9. Necip Fazıl Kısakürek’in Yunus Emre Adlı Tiyatro Eseri Üzerine Bir İnceleme A Study About Yunus Emre, A Theatre Work Written By Necip Fazıl Kısakürek

    Turan GÜLER


    ürler içinde tiyatroya büyük bir önem veren Necip Fazıl Kısakürek, Yunus Emre adlı oyununda Yunus Emre‟ye oyunun başkişisi olarak yer vermiştir. Bu çalışmada Necip Fazıl Kısakürek‟in Yunus Emre adlı tiyatrosu, oyunun kimlik çözümlemesi, konusu, olay dizisi, kişilik çözümlemesi, mekân ve dekor çözümlemeleri gibi yapısal unsurları bakımından incelenecektir. Eserde Türk-İslam tarihi içinde önemli bir yere sahip olan Yunus Emre‟nin menkıbelere dayalı hayatı tablolaştırılmıştır. Bu tablo içinde bir yandan Yunus Emre‟nin Anadolu‟ya gelmesi ile başlayan serüveni anlatılırken diğer yandan şiirleri aracılığı ile Yunus Emre‟nin yaşadığı tasavvufi yolculuk anlatılır. Oyunda, Yunus Emre devrinde Anadolu‟da vuku bulan bazı sosyal ve siyasal olaylara da göndermeler yapılır. Anadolu‟daki Moğol saldırıları ve hakimiyeti, Selçuklu Devleti‟nin son durumu, Beylikler arasındaki iç çekişmeler, halkın çaresizliği, bu karmaşa içinde tarikatların üstlendikleri çeşitli roller gibi meselelere oyunda yer verilmiştir. İncelememizde yapısal unsurların yanı sıra, bu gibi tematik hususlara da temas edilmiştir. Bu şekilde Yunus Emre‟nin çok fonksiyonlu kimliği ortaya konmaya çalışılmıştır. Son olarak yazar için önemli bir husus olan „Büyük Cihad‟ yani nefis terbiyesi gibi oyunun asıl tez konusuna dikkat çekilmiştir.

  10. Elektrokemiske Processer

    Bech-Nielsen, Gregers


    Electrochemical processes in: Power sources, Electrosynthesis, Corrosion.Pourbaix-diagrams.Decontamination of industrial waste water for heavy metals.......Electrochemical processes in: Power sources, Electrosynthesis, Corrosion.Pourbaix-diagrams.Decontamination of industrial waste water for heavy metals....

  11. Data processing

    Fry, T F


    Data Processing discusses the principles, practices, and associated tools in data processing. The book is comprised of 17 chapters that are organized into three parts. The first part covers the characteristics, systems, and methods of data processing. Part 2 deals with the data processing practice; this part discusses the data input, output, and storage. The last part discusses topics related to systems and software in data processing, which include checks and controls, computer language and programs, and program elements and structures. The text will be useful to practitioners of computer-rel

  12. Process mining

    van der Aalst, W.M.P.; Rubin, V.; Verbeek, H.M.W.


    Process mining includes the automated discovery of processes from event logs. Based on observed events (e.g., activities being executed or messages being exchanged) a process model is constructed. One of the essential problems in process mining is that one cannot assume to have seen all possible...... behavior. At best, one has seen a representative subset. Therefore, classical synthesis techniques are not suitable as they aim at finding a model that is able to exactly reproduce the log. Existing process mining techniques try to avoid such “overfitting” by generalizing the model to allow for more...

  13. Sewer Processes

    Hvitved-Jacobsen, Thorkild; Vollertsen, Jes; Nielsen, Asbjørn Haaning

    by hydrogen sulfide and other volatile organic compounds, as well as other potential health issues, have caused environmental concerns to rise. Reflecting the most current developments, Sewer Processes: Microbial and Chemical Process Engineering of Sewer Networks, Second Edition, offers the reader updated...... revisions of chapters from the previous edition, adds three new chapters, and presents extensive study questions. • Presents new modeling tools for the design and operation of sewer networks • Establishes sewer processes as a key element in preserving water quality • Includes greatly expanded coverage...... of odor formation and prediction • Details the WATS sewer process model • Highlights the importance of aerobic, anoxic, and anaerobic processes Sewer Processes: Microbial and Chemical Process Engineering of Sewer Networks, Second Edition, provides a basis for up-to-date understanding and modeling of sewer...

  14. “Gülün Adı ve Benim Adım Kırmızı” Adlı Romanlara Karşılaştırmalı Bir Yaklaşım A Comparative Approach to the novels “Name of the Rose and My Name Is Red”

    Elmas ŞAHİN


    Literature; Concepts of Criticism (1963, C:L: Wrenn'in The Idea of Comparative Literature (1973, Rey Chow'un In the Name of Comparative Literature (1995 gibi eserlerle, bizde ise İnci Enginün'ün Mukayeseli Edebiyat (1992, Gürsel Aytaç'ın Karşılaştırmalı Edebiyat Bilimi (1997, Emel Kefeli'nin Karşılaştırmalı Edebiyat İncelemeleri (2000 ve Kamil Aydın’ın Karşılaştırmalı Edebiyat: Günümüz Postmodern Bağlamda Algılanışı (2008 adlı çalışmalar karşılaştırmalı edebiyat bilimine katkı sağlayan ilk kuramsal yaklaşımlardandır.Karşılaştırmalı edebiyat, 1950’lerden sonra postmodern edebiyatın da gelişmesiyle birlikte metinlerarasılık kavramıyla da adını sıkça duyurmaya başlar. Gerek dil gerekse tema ve teknik açılardan eş ya da art zamanlı benzerlikler; metinlerarası göndermeler, alıntılar, montajlar; benzer söylemler ve kaynak metnin yeniden yorumlanışı gibi etkileşimler karşılaştırmalı edebiyat bilimini yakından ilgilendirir.Bu bağlamda çağımız yazarlarından İtalyan yazarı Umberto Eco'nun Gülün Adı (1980 ile Orhan Pamuk'un Benim Adım Kırmızı (1998 adlı eserleri farklı coğrafyalarda edebiyat sahasına girmelerine karşın, içerik ve biçim bağlamında benzer noktalara sahiptirler vekarşılaştırmalı edebiyat için eş zamanlı bir örnek teşkil etmektedirler.Bu çalışmada Gülün Adı ile Benim Adım Kırmızı adlı eserler, metneodaklı inceleme metodu kullanılarak öz ve biçim açısındankarşılaştırılacaktır. Her iki eser de, ortak tür, konu ve motifler dikkatealınarak; metinlerarası boyutta irdelenip; karşılaştırmalı edebiyatyönetimiyle benzer ve farklılıklarıyla çözümlenecektir.

  15. The Hamlet Application Design Language: introductory definition report

    M.R. van Steen


    textabstractThis report provides an introduction to the definition of the Hamlet Application Design Language (ADL). ADL is a graphical-based language and notation supporting the design of parallel real-time applications. Designs expressed in ADL are based on a model of processes that communicate by

  16. The Hamlet Application Design Language: introductory definition report

    M.R. van Steen


    textabstractThis report provides an introduction to the definition of the Hamlet Application Design Language (ADL). ADL is a graphical-based language and notation supporting the design of parallel real-time applications. Designs expressed in ADL are based on a model of processes that communicate by

  17. 佛山市神经内科患者痴呆患病情况及IQCODE、ADL、CDT、NPI、HAMD测评分析%Analysis of the prevalence of dementia in Neurology Departments of Foshan City and IQCODE, ADL, CDT, NPI, and HAMD assessment

    黄齐亮; 张应团; 骆建文


    目的 了解佛山市神经内科患者痴呆患病情况及量表测评结果,为临床选择合适的干预措施提供一定的理论依据.方法 2013年1月~2014年2月采用多阶段整群抽样方法对我市神经内科患者痴呆患病情况进行全面调查,判定其严重程度,采用痴呆问卷、日常生活活动(ADL)、画钟试验(CDT)、神经精神问卷(NPI)及Hamilton抑郁量表(H AMD)对不同疾病严重程度的患者进行测量,并进行比较.结果 本次共计调查佛山市各医院神经内科收治痴呆患者220例,其中男性107例,女性113例,阿尔茨海默病98例,血管性痴呆86例,混合性痴呆36例.疾病严重程度:轻度89例,中度80例,重度51例,不同严重程度痴呆患者定向力、判断力及计算力评分差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),但是随着患者痴呆程度的加重,患者的即刻记忆、延迟记忆和长延迟再认评分显著下降,差异均具有统计学意义(P<0.001),随着患者痴呆程度的加重,患者的ADL、CDT、HAMD评分显著下降,而患者NPI量表评分显著提高,差异均具有统计学意义(P <0.001).结论 阿尔茨海默病患病率高,其次是血管性痴呆,且疾病程度越严重,患者的认知功能越差,抑郁严重、日常生活能力差,在今后的干预中应该注意,针对不同严重程度的患者,采取针对性的干预措施.

  18. Magnetics Processing

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Magnetics Processing Lab equipped to perform testing of magnetometers, integrate them into aircraft systems, and perform data analysis, including noise reduction...

  19. Design Processes

    Ovesen, Nis


    advantages and challenges of agile processes in mobile software and web businesses are identified. The applicability of these agile processes is discussed in re- gards to design educations and product development in the domain of Industrial Design and is briefly seen in relation to the concept of dromology......Inspiration for most research and optimisations on design processes still seem to focus within the narrow field of the traditional design practise. The focus in this study turns to associated businesses of the design professions in order to learn from their development processes. Through interviews...

  20. Stochastic processes

    Parzen, Emanuel


    Well-written and accessible, this classic introduction to stochastic processes and related mathematics is appropriate for advanced undergraduate students of mathematics with a knowledge of calculus and continuous probability theory. The treatment offers examples of the wide variety of empirical phenomena for which stochastic processes provide mathematical models, and it develops the methods of probability model-building.Chapter 1 presents precise definitions of the notions of a random variable and a stochastic process and introduces the Wiener and Poisson processes. Subsequent chapters examine

  1. Ahi Community as an Educational Institution and “Marks of Ahi Community Culture on Today’s Bursa Craftsman” by Hülya Taş / Kitap Tanıtım ve Değerlendirme: Bir Eğitim Kurumu Olarak Ahilik ve Hülya Taş’ın “Günümüz Bursa Esnafında Ahilik Kültüründen İzler”Adlı Eseri

    Sıddık BAKIR


    Full Text Available This article is about Ahi community comprising of moral, religious, social and cultural values; the relationship between Ahi community and education; the presentation of the study named“Marks of Ahi Community on Today’s Bursa Craftsman”written by Hülya TAŞ in essence. In addition, the article gives publicity to the autobiography of Hülya TAŞ who has done successful studies aboutTurkish folklore and Ahi community and her academic studies. Bu makale esas itibariyle ahlaki, dinî, sosyal ve kültürel değerler bütünü olan ahilik teşkilatını, ahilik teşkilatının eğitim ile ilişkisini ve Hülya TAŞ tarafından hazırlanan “Günümüz Bursa Esnafında Ahilik Kültüründen İzler” adlı eserin tanıtımını konu almaktadır. Makalede ayrıca Türk halk bilimi ve ahilikle ilgili başarılı çalışmalar yapan Hülya TAŞ’ın öz geçmişine ve akademik çalışmalarına da yer verilmektedir.

  2. Image processing

    Heijden, van der F.; Spreeuwers, L.J.; Blanken, H.M.; Vries de, A.P.; Blok, H.E.; Feng, L


    The field of image processing addresses handling and analysis of images for many purposes using a large number of techniques and methods. The applications of image processing range from enhancement of the visibility of cer- tain organs in medical images to object recognition for handling by industri

  3. Sustainable processing

    Kristensen, Niels Heine


    Kristensen_NH and_Beck A: Sustainable processing. In Otto Schmid, Alexander Beck and Ursula Kretzschmar (Editors) (2004): Underlying Principles in Organic and "Low-Input Food" Processing - Literature Survey. Research Institute of Organic Agriculture FiBL, CH-5070 Frick, Switzerland. ISBN 3-906081-58-3...

  4. Process mining

    van der Aalst, W.M.P.; Rubin, V.; Verbeek, H.M.W.


    Process mining includes the automated discovery of processes from event logs. Based on observed events (e.g., activities being executed or messages being exchanged) a process model is constructed. One of the essential problems in process mining is that one cannot assume to have seen all possible...... behavior. At best, one has seen a representative subset. Therefore, classical synthesis techniques are not suitable as they aim at finding a model that is able to exactly reproduce the log. Existing process mining techniques try to avoid such “overfitting” by generalizing the model to allow for more...... behavior. This generalization is often driven by the representation language and very crude assumptions about completeness. As a result, parts of the model are “overfitting” (allow only for what has actually been observed) while other parts may be “underfitting” (allowfor much more behavior without strong...

  5. Organizing Process

    Hull Kristensen, Peer; Bojesen, Anders

    This paper invites to discuss the processes of individualization and organizing being carried out under what we might see as an emerging regime of change. The underlying argumentation is that in certain processes of change, competence becomes questionable at all times. The hazy characteristics...... of this regime of change are pursued through a discussion of competencies as opposed to qualifications illustrated by distinct cases from the Danish public sector in the search for repetitive mechanisms. The cases are put into a general perspective by drawing upon experiences from similar change processes...

  6. Grants Process

    The NCI Grants Process provides an overview of the end-to-end lifecycle of grant funding. Learn about the types of funding available and the basics for application, review, award, and on-going administration within the NCI.

  7. Processing Proteases

    Ødum, Anders Sebastian Rosenkrans

    Processing proteases are proteases which proteolytically activate proteins and peptides into their biologically active form. Processing proteases play an important role in biotechnology as tools in protein fusion technology. Fusion strategies where helper proteins or peptide tags are fused...... to the protein of interest are an elaborate method to optimize expression or purification systems. It is however critical that fusion proteins can be removed and processing proteases can facilitate this in a highly specific manner. The commonly used proteases all have substrate specificities to the N...... of few known proteases to have substrate specificity for the C-terminal side of the scissile bond. LysN exhibits specificity for lysine, and has primarily been used to complement trypsin in to proteomic studies. A working hypothesis during this study was the potential of LysN as a processing protease...

  8. Electrochemical Processes

    Bech-Nielsen, Gregers


    The notes describe in detail primary and secondary galvanic cells, fuel cells, electrochemical synthesis and electroplating processes, corrosion: measurments, inhibitors, cathodic and anodic protection, details of metal dissolution reactions, Pourbaix diagrams and purification of waste water from...

  9. Sewer Processes

    Hvitved-Jacobsen, Thorkild; Vollertsen, Jes; Nielsen, Asbjørn Haaning

    and valuable information on the sewer as a chemical and biological reactor. It focuses on how to predict critical impacts and control adverse effects. It also provides an integrated description of sewer processes in modeling terms. This second edition is full of illustrative examples and figures, includes...... microbial and chemical processes and demonstrates how this knowledge can be applied for the design, operation, and the maintenance of wastewater collection systems. The authors add chemical and microbial dimensions to the design and management of sewer networks with an overall aim of improved sustainability...... by hydrogen sulfide and other volatile organic compounds, as well as other potential health issues, have caused environmental concerns to rise. Reflecting the most current developments, Sewer Processes: Microbial and Chemical Process Engineering of Sewer Networks, Second Edition, offers the reader updated...

  10. Manufacturing processes

    Bennet, Jay; Brower, David; Levine, Stan; Walker, Ray; Wooten, John


    The following issues are covered: process development frequently lags behind material development, high fabrication costs, flex joints (bellows) - a continuing program, SRM fabrication-induced defects, and in-space assembly will require simplified design.

  11. In process...

    LI Xin


    Architecture is a wonderful world. As a student of architecture, time and time again I am inpressed by its powerful imagines. The more I study and learn, however, the more I question. What is the truth beyond those fantastic imagines? What is the nuture of Architecture? Is there any basic way or process to approach the work of Architecture? With these questions, I begin my thesis project and the process of looking for answers. MArch

  12. In process...

    LI Xin


    Architecture is a wonderful world. As a student of architecture, time and time again I am inpressed by its powerful imagines. The more I study and learn, however, the more I question. What is the truth beyond those fantastic imagines? What is the nuture of Architecture? Is there any basic way or process to approach the work of Architecture? With these questions, I begin my thesis project and the process of looking for answers.

  13. Renewal processes

    Mitov, Kosto V


    This monograph serves as an introductory text to classical renewal theory and some of its applications for graduate students and researchers in mathematics and probability theory. Renewal processes play an important part in modeling many phenomena in insurance, finance, queuing systems, inventory control and other areas. In this book, an overview of univariate renewal theory is given and renewal processes in the non-lattice and lattice case are discussed. A pre-requisite is a basic knowledge of probability theory.

  14. Macdonald processes

    Borodin, Alexei


    Macdonald processes are probability measures on sequences of partitions defined in terms of nonnegative specializations of the Macdonald symmetric functions and two Macdonald parameters q,t in [0,1). We prove several results about these processes, which include the following. (1) We explicitly evaluate expectations of a rich family of observables for these processes. (2) In the case t=0, we find a Fredholm determinant formula for a q-Laplace transform of the distribution of the last part of the Macdonald-random partition. (3) We introduce Markov dynamics that preserve the class of Macdonald processes and lead to new "integrable" 2d and 1d interacting particle systems. (4) In a large time limit transition, and as q goes to 1, the particles of these systems crystallize on a lattice, and fluctuations around the lattice converge to O'Connell's Whittaker process that describe semi-discrete Brownian directed polymers. (5) This yields a Fredholm determinant for the Laplace transform of the polymer partition function...

  15. Offshoring Process

    Slepniov, Dmitrij; Sørensen, Brian Vejrum; Katayama, Hiroshi


    The purpose of this chapter is to contribute to the knowledge on how production offshoring and international operations management vary across cultural contexts. The chapter attempts to shed light on how companies approach the process of offshoring in different cultural contexts. In order...... of globalisation. Yet there are clear differences in how offshoring is conducted in Denmark and Japan. The main differences are outlined in a framework and explained employing cultural variables. The findings lead to a number of propositions suggesting that the process of offshoring is not simply a uniform...

  16. Offshoring Process

    Slepniov, Dmitrij; Sørensen, Brian Vejrum; Katayama, Hiroshi


    The purpose of this chapter is to contribute to the knowledge on how production offshoring and international operations management vary across cultural contexts. The chapter attempts to shed light on how companies approach the process of offshoring in different cultural contexts. In order...... of globalisation. Yet there are clear differences in how offshoring is conducted in Denmark and Japan. The main differences are outlined in a framework and explained employing cultural variables. The findings lead to a number of propositions suggesting that the process of offshoring is not simply a uniform...

  17. Optical Processing.


    34perceptron" (F. Rosenblatt, Principles of Neurodynamics ), workers in the neural network field have been seeking to understand how neural networks can perform...Moscow). 13. F. Rosenblatt, Principles of Neurodynamics , (Spartan, 1962). 14. W. Stoner "Incoherent optical processing via spatially offset pupil

  18. Innovation process

    Kolodovski, A.


    Purpose of this report: This report was prepared for RISO team involved in design of the innovation system Report provides innovation methodology to establish common understanding of the process concepts and related terminology The report does not includeRISO- or Denmark-specific cultural, econom...

  19. Processing Determinism

    O'Grady, William


    I propose that the course of development in first and second language acquisition is shaped by two types of processing pressures--internal efficiency-related factors relevant to easing the burden on working memory and external input-related factors such as frequency of occurrence. In an attempt to document the role of internal factors, I consider…

  20. Processing Branches

    Schindler, Christoph; Tamke, Martin; Tabatabai, Ali;


    Angled and forked wood – a desired material until 19th century, was swept away by industrialization and its standardization of processes and materials. Contemporary information technology has the potential for the capturing and recognition of individual geometries through laser scanning and compu...


    Anamarija Kutlić


    Full Text Available Bentonite has vide variety of uses. Special use of bentonite, where its absorbing properties are employed to provide water-tight sealing is for an underground repository in granites In this paper, bentonite processing and beneficiation are described.

  2. espida Process

    Currall, James; McKinney, Peter


    Embedded in the work of espida is a process that ensures projects align themselves with the strategic aims of the funders they wish to receive resources from. It details the relationship the funder and fundee have and how outcomes of the work feedback into the organisational objectives.

  3. Yavuz Bülent Bâkiler’in “Seninle” Adlı Şiir Kitabının Söz Varlığı Vocabulary Of Yavuz Bülent Bakiler’s Poetry Book Called “ Seninle”



    ığı, bir dilde sadece bir takım seslerin bir araya gelmesiyle kurulmuş simgeler olarak değil, aynı zamanda o dili konuşan toplumun kavramlar dünyası, maddi ve manevi kültürünün yansıtıcısı, dünya görüşünün bir kesiti olarak da düşünülmelidir.Çalışmamıza konu olan Yavuz Bülent Bâkiler‟in “Seninle” adlı şiir kitabı içinde 30 adet şiir yer almaktadır. Bu şiirlerde toplam 3311 söz kullanılmıştır. Bu sözler öncelikle, “anlamlı kelimeler” ve “görevli kelimeler” olmaları bakımından asıl sözler ve yardımcı sözler şeklinde iki grupta incelenmiştir. Asıl sözler içerisinde isimler, sıfatlar, zamirler, zarflar, fiiller ve ikilemeler değerlendirilmiş; yardımcı sözler içerisinde ise çekim edatları, bağlama edatları, kuvvetlendirme edatları, soru edatları, ünlemler, karşılaştırma-denkleştirme edatları, cevap edatları vb. değerlendirilmiştir. Ayrıca her söz; asıl söz ya da yardımcı söz alma özelliliğine göre kategorize edildikten sonra bu sözlerin köken bilgileri ve somut-soyut olma durumları tespit edilmiştir. Diğer taraftan her grupta kullanım sıklığı en fazla olan sözler de belirtilmiştir.Bu çalışmada elde edilen verilerin yorumlanmasıyla şiirlerin kaleme alındığı dönemde kullanılan dilin özellikleri, dildeki yerli ve alıntı söz oranı, alıntıların en çok hangi dilden olduğu ve ayrıca şiirlerin vücuda geldiği toplumla ilgili ipuçları hakkında tespitlerde bulunulmuştur.

  4. “Beyhude Ömrüm” Adlı Hikâyenin Greımas’ın Eyleyenler Modeline Göre İncelenmesi Analysıs Of Story “Beyhude Ömrüm” Accordıng To Greımas’ Actants Model

    Hatice ALTUNKAYA


    önüştürmek, anlamsal bağlarını keşfetmek okurun işidir. Eski Yunancada gösterge anlamına gelen semeion ile bilim anlamına gelen logos sözcüğünün birleşmesiyle meydana gelen semology Türkçede gösterge bilimi terimiyle karşılanmaktadır.Göstergebilimin öncüleri olarak iki isimden söz etmek mümkündür. Bunlar Charles Sanders Peirce ve İsviçreli dilbilimci Ferdinand de Saussure’dür. Peirce, “Tüm evren, yalnızca göstergelerden oluşmamış olsa bile, göstergelerle dolup taşar” sözü ile bütün bilgi nesnelerinin göstergebilimin konusu olabileceğini ifade etmiştir.Bu çalışmada Mustafa Kutlu’nun “Beyhude Ömrüm” adlı hikâyesi göstergebilimsel bir çözümleme modeli olan Greimas’ın eyleyenler modeline göre incelenmeye çalışılmıştır. A.J. Greimas’a göre anlatının oluşabilmesi için öyküyü başlatacak bir olay ve bu başlangıç durumunu bozacak dönüştürücü ögeye ihtiyaç vardır. Çalışmada söz konusu olay ve dönüştürücü ögenin var olduğundan hareketle hikâye beş kesite ayrılmıştır. Bu kesitlerde eyleyenler modelinde bulunan altı eyleyenin bulunduğu, anlatı izlencesinden eyletim, edinç, edim ve yaptırım izlence evrelerinin yer aldığı tespit edilmiş ve eyleyenler modelindeki öznelerin yetilendirici, sonuçlandırıcı ve onurlandırıcı deneyimleri gerçekleştirdikleri görülmüştür. Ayrıca eserde ben anlatıcı olan yazarın “öldüm” ifadesini kullanmasının ben anlatıcının anlatımına uygun düşen bir anlatım olmadığı görülmüştür.

  5. 17. Yüzyıl Azerbaycan Sahasında Yazılan Hikayat Adlı Eserdeki Ünlü Uyumları Üzerine Bir İnceleme A Study On Vowel Harmony In Written Work Named Hikáyát In Azerbaijani Field In Seventeenth Century

    Meltem GÜL


    rkçenin seslerini ifade etmedeki yetersizliğinden dolayı genellikle yabancı araştırmacıların yazmış olduğu transkripsiyon metinleri üzerinde araştırmalar yapılmıştır. Bu transkripsiyon metinleri kendi içlerinde bazı problemleri barındırmalarına rağmen Türkçe’nin tarihi için çok değerli kaynaklardır. Bu çalışmada 17. yüzyıl ünlü uyumları Hikāyāt adlı eser örneği üzerinde incelenerek dönemin özellikleriyle karşılaştırılmıştır. Öncelikle metinde hangi eklerin ünlü uyumunu bozduğu tespit edilmiştir. Uyuma aykırılıkların ne ölçüde olduğu belirtilip bu aykırılıklar sözcük kök ve gövdelerindeki aykırılıklar ve eklerde aykırılıklar olmak üzere ayrı başlıklar altında incelenmiştir.Bunun dışında büyük ünlü uyumunun tam olarak olup olmadığına bakılmıştır. Ayrıca 17. Yüzyılın en önemli ses olaylarından olan dudak uyumunun Hikāyāt metninde nasıl görüldüğü tespit edilmiştir. Uyuma aykırılıkların ne ölçüde olduğu belirlenmiştir. Düzleşme konusunda kurallı bir kullanımın olup olmadığı ortaya konulmuştur.17. yüzyıl Orta Osmanlıca dönemi bir geçiş dönemi olarak değerlendirilir. Eserde ünlü uyumlarında tam bir geçiş dönemi özelliklerinin görülüp görülmediği belirlenmiştir. Eklerin genel olarak nasıl kullanıldıkları belirlenmiştir.Ayrıca Azerbaycan sahasında yazılan bu eserle ünlü uyumu üzerinde Azerbaycan Türkçesinin etkilerini yansıtan ek kullanımları belirlenmeye çalışılarak Azerbaycan Türkçesiyle Türkiye Türkçesi arasındaki dil özelliklerinin farkları ortaya konulmuştur. Bu makale üzerinde çok sınırlı araştırmaların bulunduğu 17. yüzyıl Türkçesinin aydınlatılmasına katkı sağlayacaktır.

  6. Halit Fahri Ozansoy'un Gülistanlar ve Harabeler Adlı Eserinde Bahçe İmajları ve Renkler Garden Images and Colors in Halit Fahri Ozansoy’s Work of Gülistanlar ve Harabeler



    Full Text Available Halit Fahri Ozansoy’s poetry books of Gülistanlar ve Harabeler printed with old letters but not transformed to the Latin alphabet until now. In his work, garden images and colors which loaded special meaning of poet was known as hidden pearls and no research have been made on this work till now. Garden images in poetry are sometimes colorful, light and sometimes dull and dark. These images change with the with the poet's spirit world. We can visualize the garden images like an oil painting. These images drawn by the poet's words, show poet’s mood like a mirror. The colors used in the poem vary with garden images. This change appears with the change of the mental status of the poet. Thus, the poet uses the colors in accordancewith the different tables and his mood. When there are a lively andwarm colors in optimistic tables, dark and dull colors chosen inpessimistic tables. The poet's choice of the colors is not a coincidence.This selectivity included to poetry with different sensations. In his work,Ozansoy has described variety of colors in different gardens.Imagination, imagery and various emotions had been made with oneaccord in his depictions. The colors and portraits of garden form thepoet’s imagination. Colorful memories in the garden which experiencedin a darling moves from poet's imagination to the verses of the poem.Imagination, colors and gardens are described with darling. Theseimageries compose the garden images and semantic change of thecolors. Halit Fahri Ozansoy’un Gülistanlar ve Harabeler adlı şiir kitabı eski harflerle basılmış ancak günümüze kadar Latin harflerine aktarılmamıştır. Bu eserde şairin bahçe imajları ve renklere yüklediği anlamlar saklı inciler gibi gizli kalmış ve günümüze kadar üzerinde inceleme yapılmamıştır. Şiirdeki bahçe imajları bazen renkli, ışıklı ve bazen de donuk ve karanlıktır. Şairin değişen ruh dünyası ile birlikte bu imajlar da değişir. Bah

  7. Photobiomodulation Process

    Yang-Yi Xu


    Full Text Available Photobiomodulation (PBM is a modulation of laser irradiation or monochromatic light (LI on biosystems. There is little research on PBM dynamics although its phenomena and mechanism have been widely studied. The PBM was discussed from dynamic viewpoint in this paper. It was found that the primary process of cellular PBM might be the key process of cellular PBM so that the transition rate of cellular molecules can be extended to discuss the dose relationship of PBM. There may be a dose zone in which low intensity LI (LIL at different doses has biological effects similar to each other, so that biological information model of PBM might hold. LIL may self-adaptively modulate a chronic stress until it becomes successful.

  8. Boolean process

    闵应骅; 李忠诚; 赵著行


    Boolean algebra successfully describes the logical behavior of a digital circuit, and has been widely used in electronic circuit design and test With the development of high speed VLSIs it is a drawback for Boolean algebra to be unable to describe circuit timing behavior. Therefore a Boolean process is defined as a family of Boolean van ables relevant to the time parameter t. A real-valued sample of a Boolean process is a waveform. Waveform functions can be manipulated formally by using mathematical tools. The distance, difference and limit of a waveform polynomial are defined, and a sufficient and necessary condition of the limit existence is presented. Based on this, the concept of sensitization is redefined precisely to demonstrate the potential and wide application possibility The new definition is very different from the traditional one, and has an impact on determining the sensitizable paths with maximum or minimum length, and false paths, and then designing and testing high performance circuits

  9. Purification process

    Marshall, A.


    A process for the removal of hydrogen sulphide from gases or liquid hydrocarbons, comprises contacting the gas or liquid hydrocarbon with an aqueous alkaline solution, preferably having a pH value of 8 to 10, comprising (A) an anthraquinone disulphonic acid or a water-soluble sulphonamide thereof (B) a compound of a metal which can exist in at least two valency states and (C) a sequestering agent.

  10. Ceramic Processing



    Ceramics represent a unique class of materials that are distinguished from common metals and plastics by their: (1) high hardness, stiffness, and good wear properties (i.e., abrasion resistance); (2) ability to withstand high temperatures (i.e., refractoriness); (3) chemical durability; and (4) electrical properties that allow them to be electrical insulators, semiconductors, or ionic conductors. Ceramics can be broken down into two general categories, traditional and advanced ceramics. Traditional ceramics include common household products such as clay pots, tiles, pipe, and bricks, porcelain china, sinks, and electrical insulators, and thermally insulating refractory bricks for ovens and fireplaces. Advanced ceramics, also referred to as ''high-tech'' ceramics, include products such as spark plug bodies, piston rings, catalyst supports, and water pump seals for automobiles, thermally insulating tiles for the space shuttle, sodium vapor lamp tubes in streetlights, and the capacitors, resistors, transducers, and varistors in the solid-state electronics we use daily. The major differences between traditional and advanced ceramics are in the processing tolerances and cost. Traditional ceramics are manufactured with inexpensive raw materials, are relatively tolerant of minor process deviations, and are relatively inexpensive. Advanced ceramics are typically made with more refined raw materials and processing to optimize a given property or combination of properties (e.g., mechanical, electrical, dielectric, optical, thermal, physical, and/or magnetic) for a given application. Advanced ceramics generally have improved performance and reliability over traditional ceramics, but are typically more expensive. Additionally, advanced ceramics are typically more sensitive to the chemical and physical defects present in the starting raw materials, or those that are introduced during manufacturing.

  11. Processing Proteases

    Ødum, Anders Sebastian Rosenkrans

    -terminal of the scissile bond, leaving C-terminal fusions to have non-native C-termini after processing. A solution yielding native C-termini would allow novel expression and purification systems for therapeutic proteins and peptides.The peptidyl-Lys metallopeptidase (LysN) of the fungus Armillaria mellea (Am) is one...... suitable to leave native C-termini.During this study the substrate specificity of LysN was profiled with a synthetic fluorogenic peptide library which allowed for kinetic characterization. A novel profiling method using encoded beads was proposed to efficiently profile human Renin. Recombinant expression...

  12. Hydrocarbon processing

    Hill, S.G.; Seddon, D.


    A process for the catalytic conversion of synthesis-gas into a product which comprises naphtha, kerosene and distillate is characterized in that the catalyst is a Fischer-Tropsch catalyst also containing a zeolite, the naphtha fraction contains 60% or less linear paraffins and the kerosene and distillated fractions contain more linear paraffins and olefins than found in the naphtha fraction. Reduction of the relative amount of straight chain material in the naphtha fraction increases the octane number and so enhances the quality of the gasoline product, while the high quality of the kerosene and distillate fractions is maintained.

  13. Tokat’ın 17. Yüzyıl Âlim Şairlerinden İshak Bin Hasan Tokatî ve Nazmu’l-Ulum Adlı Mesnevîsi Poetry in Rhymed Couplets of Tokatlı İshâk Efendi Nazmu'l-Ulûm

    Bayram ÖZFIRAT


    ncelediğimiz Nazmu’l-Ulûm adlı mesnevîsinde şâir, çeşitli ilimler hakkında bilgi verdikten sonra bunların öğrenilmesi gerektiğini vurgulamıştır. Mesnevî, arûz vezninin “Mefāīlün Mefāīlün Faūlün” kalıbıyla yazılmış olup 1098/1687 yılında Tokat’ta telif edilmiştir. Mesnevî toplam 422 beyittir. Araştırmalarımız neticesinde yirmi iki nüshasını tespit ettiğimiz mesnevîde çeşitli ilimler hakkında bilgi verildikten sonra bunların öğrenilmesi gereği vurgulanmaktadır. Nazmu’l-Ulûm bu yönüyle manzûm bir nasihatnâme olup öğrenilmesinin öğütlendiği ilimlerin bazıları şunlardır: 1. İlm-i tecvîd, 2. İlm-i Kelâm, 3. İlm-i Fıkıh, 4. İlm-i Tasavvuf ve Ahlâk, 5. İlm-i Hadîs, 6. İlm-i Tefsîr, 7. İlm-i Tıp, 8. İlm-i Lugat, 9. İlm-i Nahv ve Sarf, 10. İlm-i Mantık, 11. İlm-i Edeb, 12. İlm-i Usûl-i Fıkıh, 13. İlm-i Meânî, 14. İlm-i Hisâb, 15. İlm-i Hendese, 17. İlm-i Kîmyâ, 18. İlm-i Arûz, 19. İlm-i Eş’âr. Nazmu’l-Ulûm kafiye yönünden oldukça sağlamdır. Hatta eserin kafiye bakımından kusursuz bir yapıya sahip olduğunu söylemek de mümkündür. Mesnevîyi oluşturan kelimler dikkate alındığında Arapça ve Farsça kelimelerin çokluğu dikkat çekmektedir. Ama eserin bu özelliği onun akıcılığından bir şey kaybettirmemiştir. Mesnevîde her türlü kafiyeye rastlanmakla birlikte; en çok zengin ve tam kafiyelere yer verilmiş, az sayıda yarım kafiye kullanılmıştır. Mesnevîde, bolca söz sanatlarına ve tasvirlere yer verilmiştir. Gereksiz ifadelerden kaçınılmaya çalışılmıştır. İshâk Efendi arûz veznine ve dile hâkim bir şâirdir. Nazmu’l-Ulûm’da şâirin vezin kusuruna düşmeden dili rahatlıkla kullanması dikkat çekicidir. Bu özellik İshâk Efendi’nin şâirlik gücüne, çok sayıda şiir yazmasına ve yaşadığı dönem olan on yedinci yüzyıla değin Türkçe anlatımdaki gelişmeye de bağlıdır.

  14. Tahsin Ömer’in “Darb-I Mesellerimiz Hakkında Tahlili Tedkikat” Adlı Atasözleri Seçkisi A Selection of Proverbs from Tahsin Ömer’s “Darb-ı Mesellerimiz Hakkında Tahlili Tedkikat”

    Abdulmuttalip İPEK


    foreword. Atasözleri ve deyimler, toplumların uzun süren gözlem, deneyim ve yaşantılarına dayandığından; ait oldukları toplumun yaşama biçiminden düşünce yapısına, değer yargılarından ahlâk anlayışına varıncaya kadar çok değişik konuları içerirler. Bu nedenle bir milletin bütün kültür ve değerler dünyasının özü mesabesinde olan kalıplaşmış sözlerdir. İletişim esnasında kısa, kestirme ve etkili bir anlatımı mümkün kılan atasözleri, aynı zamanda bir milletin felsefesini de yansıtır. Bu bakımdan bu söz varlıklarının bilinmesi ve yaşatılması hayatî önem arz etmektedir. Türk dilinin bilinen en eski sözlüğü olan Divânü Lügati’t-Türk’ten günümüze değin bu söz varlıklarını yaşatma ve kayıt altına alma amacına yönelik önemli sözlükler kaleme alınmıştır. Bunların her biri Türk dili ve kültürü açısından birbirinden değerli kaynaklardır. Bu makalede, yapılan taramalar ve araştırmalar neticesinde, bugüne kadar –bir iki yazı dışında– varlığından söz edilmemiş bir atasözü seçkisi üzerinde durulacaktır. 1337-1340 (M. 1921 yıllarında İstanbul Şehzâdebaşı’ndaki Evkâf Matbaası’nda basılan ve Tahsin Ömer tarafından kaleme alınmış olan “Darb-ı Mesellerimiz Hakkında Tahlîlî Tedkîkât” adlı risalenin, Toronto Üniversitesi Kütüphanesi’nde PN 6505 T8 035 numarada kayıtlı, eski harfli matbu nüshası kısa bir değerlendirme ilave edilerek yeni yazıya çevrilmiştir. Tahsin Ömer’in iki buçuk sayfalık mukaddimede belirttiği üzere bu eser, memleketimizde kullanılan beş bine yakın darbımeselin birer birer tetkiki neticesinde toplanan iki yüze yakın sözün, sahip olduğu manalar itibariyle ayrı ayrı kadrolar halinde tasnif edilip, halkın çeşitli dersler çıkarması ve ibret alması amacıyla kaleme alınmış 16 sayfalık bir risaledir. Pek hacimli olmayan bu risalenin en dikkate değer tarafı müellifinin darb

  15. Optical processing

    Gustafson, S. C.


    The technical contributions were as follows: (1) Optical parallel 2-D neighborhood processor and optical processor assessment technique; (2) High accuracy with moderately accurate components and optical fredkin gate architectures; (3) Integrated optical threshold computing, pipelined polynomial processor, and all optical analog/digital converter; (4) Adaptive optical associative memory model with attention; (5) Effectiveness of parallelism and connectivity in optical computers; (6) Optical systolic array processing using an integrated acoustooptic module; (7) Optical threshold elements and networks, holographic threshold processors, adaptive matched spatial filtering, and coherence theory in optical computing; (8) Time-varying optical processing for sub-pixel targets, optical Kalman filtering, and adaptive matched filtering; (9) Optical degrees of freedom, ultra short optical pulses, number representations, content-addressable-memory processors, and integrated optical Givens rotation devices; (10) Optical J-K flip flop analysis and interfacing for optical computers; (11) Matrix multiplication algorithms and limits of incoherent optical computers; (12) Architecture for machine vision with sensor fusion, pattern recognition functions, and neural net implementations; (13) Optical computing algorithms, architectures, and components; and (14) Dynamic optical interconnections, advantages and architectures.

  16. Lithospheric processes

    Baldridge, W. [and others


    The authors used geophysical, geochemical, and numerical modeling to study selected problems related to Earth's lithosphere. We interpreted seismic waves to better characterize the thickness and properties of the crust and lithosphere. In the southwestern US and Tien Shari, crust of high elevation is dynamically supported above buoyant mantle. In California, mineral fabric in the mantle correlate with regional strain history. Although plumes of buoyant mantle may explain surface deformation and magmatism, our geochemical work does not support this mechanism for Iberia. Generation and ascent of magmas remains puzzling. Our work in Hawaii constrains the residence of magma beneath Hualalai to be a few hundred to about 1000 years. In the crust, heat drives fluid and mass transport. Numerical modeling yielded robust and accurate predictions of these processes. This work is important fundamental science, and applies to mitigation of volcanic and earthquake hazards, Test Ban Treaties, nuclear waste storage, environmental remediation, and hydrothermal energy.

  17. Crystallization process

    Adler, Robert J.; Brown, William R.; Auyang, Lun; Liu, Yin-Chang; Cook, W. Jeffrey


    An improved crystallization process is disclosed for separating a crystallizable material and an excluded material which is at least partially excluded from the solid phase of the crystallizable material obtained upon freezing a liquid phase of the materials. The solid phase is more dense than the liquid phase, and it is separated therefrom by relative movement with the formation of a packed bed of solid phase. The packed bed is continuously formed adjacent its lower end and passed from the liquid phase into a countercurrent flow of backwash liquid. The packed bed extends through the level of the backwash liquid to provide a drained bed of solid phase adjacent its upper end which is melted by a condensing vapor.

  18. Image Processing


    Electronic Imagery, Inc.'s ImageScale Plus software, developed through a Small Business Innovation Research (SBIR) contract with Kennedy Space Flight Center for use on space shuttle Orbiter in 1991, enables astronauts to conduct image processing, prepare electronic still camera images in orbit, display them and downlink images to ground based scientists for evaluation. Electronic Imagery, Inc.'s ImageCount, a spin-off product of ImageScale Plus, is used to count trees in Florida orange groves. Other applications include x-ray and MRI imagery, textile designs and special effects for movies. As of 1/28/98, company could not be located, therefore contact/product information is no longer valid.

  19. Dynamic Processes

    Klingshirn, C.

    . Phys. Lett. 92:211105, 2008). For this point, recall Figs. 6.16 and 6.33. Since the polarisation amplitude is gone in any case after the recombination process, there is an upper limit for T 2 given by T 2 ≤ 2 T1. The factor of two comes from the fact that T 2 describes the decay of an amplitude and T 1 the decay of a population, which is proportional to the amplitude squared. Sometimes T 2 is subdivided in a term due to recombination described by T 1 and another called 'pure dephasing' called T 2 ∗ with the relation 1 / T 2 = 1 / 2 T 1 + 1 / T2 ∗. The quantity T 2 ∗ can considerably exceed 2 T 1. In the part on relaxation processes that is on processes contributing to T 3, we give also examples for the capture of excitons into bound, localized, or deep states. For more details on dynamics in semiconductors in general see for example, the (text-) books [Klingshirn, Semiconductor Optics, 3rd edn. (Springer, Berlin, 2006); Haug and Koch, Quantum Theory of the Optical and Electronic Properties of Semiconductors, 4th edn. (World Scientific, Singapore, 2004); Haug and Jauho, Quantum Kinetics in Transport and Optics of Semiconductors, Springer Series in Solid State Sciences vol. 123 (Springer, Berlin, 1996); J. Shah, Ultrafast Spectroscopy of Semiconductors and of Semiconductor Nanostructures, Springer Series in Solid State Sciences vol. 115 (Springer, Berlin, 1996); Schafer and Wegener, Semiconductor Optics and Transport Phenomena (Springer, Berlin, 2002)]. We present selected data for free, bound and localized excitons, biexcitons and electron-hole pairs in an EHP and examples for bulk materials, epilayers, quantum wells, nano rods and nano crystals with the restriction that - to the knowledge of the author - data are not available for all these systems, density ranges and temperatures. Therefore, we subdivide the topic below only according to the three time constants T 2, T 3 and T 1.

  20. Data Processing

    Grangeat, P.

    A new area of biology has been opened up by nanoscale exploration of the living world. This has been made possible by technological progress, which has provided the tools needed to make devices that can measure things on such length and time scales. In a sense, this is a new window upon the living world, so rich and so diverse. Many of the investigative methods described in this book seek to obtain complementary physical, chemical, and biological data to understand the way it works and the way it is organised. At these length and time scales, only dedicated instrumentation could apprehend the relevant phenomena. There is no way for our senses to observe these things directly. One important field of application is molecular medicine, which aims to explain the mechanisms of life and disease by the presence and quantification of specific molecular entities. This involves combining information about genes, proteins, cells, and organs. This in turn requires the association of instruments for molecular diagnosis, either in vitro, e.g., the microarray or the lab-on-a-chip, or in vivo, e.g., probes for molecular biopsy, and tools for molecular imaging, used to localise molecular information in living organisms in a non-invasive way. These considerations concern both preclinical research for drug design and human medical applications. With the development of DNA and RNA chips [1], genomics has revolutionised investigative methods for cells and cell processes [2,3]. By sequencing the human genome, new ways have been found for understanding the fundamental mechanisms of life [4]. A revolution is currently under way with the analysis of the proteome [5-8], i.e., the complete set of proteins that can be found in some given biological medium, such as the blood plasma. The goal is to characterise certain diseases by recognisable signatures in the proteomic profile, as determined from a blood sample or a biopsy, for example [9-13]. What is at stake is the early detection of

  1. Information Processing - Administrative Data Processing

    Bubenko, Janis

    A three semester, 60-credit course package in the topic of Administrative Data Processing (ADP), offered in 1966 at Stockholm University (SU) and the Royal Institute of Technology (KTH) is described. The package had an information systems engineering orientation. The first semester focused on datalogical topics, while the second semester focused on the infological topics. The third semester aimed to deepen the students’ knowledge in different parts of ADP and at writing a bachelor thesis. The concluding section of this paper discusses various aspects of the department’s first course effort. The course package led to a concretisation of our discipline and gave our discipline an identity. Our education seemed modern, “just in time”, and well adapted to practical needs. The course package formed the first concrete activity of a group of young teachers and researchers. In a forty-year perspective, these people have further developed the department and the topic to an internationally well-reputed body of knowledge and research. The department has produced more than thirty professors and more than one hundred doctoral degrees.

  2. Relationships between activities of daily living, upper limb function, and visual perception in children and adolescents with unilateral cerebral palsy

    James, Sarah; Ziviani, Jenny; Ware, Robert S; Boyd, Roslyn N


    ...) motor skills in children with unilateral cerebral palsy. Visual perception ability, most significantly sequential memory and visual closure, are associated with ADL process skills. There is 65...

  3. Electrotechnologies to process foods

    Electrical energy is being used to process foods. In conventional food processing plants, electricity drives mechanical devices and controls the degree of process. In recent years, several processing technologies are being developed to process foods directly with electricity. Electrotechnologies use...

  4. Studies on process synthesis and process integration

    Fien, Gert-Jan A. F.


    This thesis discusses topics in the field of process engineering that have received much attention over the past twenty years: (1) conceptual process synthesis using heuristic shortcut methods and (2) process integration through heat-exchanger networks and energy-saving power and refrigeration systems. The shortcut methods for conceptual process synthesis presented in Chapter 2, utilize Residue Curve Maps in ternary diagrams and are illustrated with examples of processes...

  5. Extensible packet processing architecture

    Robertson, Perry J.; Hamlet, Jason R.; Pierson, Lyndon G.; Olsberg, Ronald R.; Chun, Guy D.


    A technique for distributed packet processing includes sequentially passing packets associated with packet flows between a plurality of processing engines along a flow through data bus linking the plurality of processing engines in series. At least one packet within a given packet flow is marked by a given processing engine to signify by the given processing engine to the other processing engines that the given processing engine has claimed the given packet flow for processing. A processing function is applied to each of the packet flows within the processing engines and the processed packets are output on a time-shared, arbitered data bus coupled to the plurality of processing engines.

  6. Extensible packet processing architecture

    Robertson, Perry J.; Hamlet, Jason R.; Pierson, Lyndon G.; Olsberg, Ronald R.; Chun, Guy D.


    A technique for distributed packet processing includes sequentially passing packets associated with packet flows between a plurality of processing engines along a flow through data bus linking the plurality of processing engines in series. At least one packet within a given packet flow is marked by a given processing engine to signify by the given processing engine to the other processing engines that the given processing engine has claimed the given packet flow for processing. A processing function is applied to each of the packet flows within the processing engines and the processed packets are output on a time-shared, arbitered data bus coupled to the plurality of processing engines.

  7. A longitudinal study of change in asylum seekers Activities of Daily Living ability while in asylum centre

    Morville, Anne-Le; Amris, Kirstine; Eklund, Mona;


    The aim was to assess change in Activities of Daily Living (ADL) ability amongst asylum seekers and if there were any difference between tortured and non-torture following a 10 months post-arrival period, and if self-reported health and exposure to torture were factors related to changes in ADL...... participated. ADL-ability was measured using Assessment of Motor and Process Skills and questionnaires about exposure to torture, self-reported mental health and pain. ADL motor and process measures, well-being and self-rated health declined from baseline to follow-up. Measures of pain and depression increased...

  8. Process mineralogy IX

    Petruk, W.; Hagni, R.D.; Pignolet-Brandom, S.; Hausen, D.M. (eds.) (Canada Centre for Mineral and Energy Technology, Ottawa, ON (Canada))


    54 papers are presented under the headings: keynote address; process mineralogy applications to mineral processing; process mineralogy applications to gold; process mineralogy applications to pyrometallurgy and hydrometallurgy; process mineralogy applications to environment and health; and process mineralogy applications to synthetic materials. Subject and author indexes are provided. Three papers have been abstracted separately.

  9. Refactoring Process Models in Large Process Repositories.

    Weber, B.; Reichert, M.U.


    With the increasing adoption of process-aware information systems (PAIS), large process model repositories have emerged. Over time respective models have to be re-aligned to the real-world business processes through customization or adaptation. This bears the risk that model redundancies are introdu

  10. Thinning spatial point processes into Poisson processes

    Møller, Jesper; Schoenberg, Frederic Paik


    are identified, and where we simulate backwards and forwards in order to obtain the thinned process. In the case of a Cox process, a simple independent thinning technique is proposed. In both cases, the thinning results in a Poisson process if and only if the true Papangelou conditional intensity is used, and...

  11. Thinning spatial point processes into Poisson processes

    Møller, Jesper; Schoenberg, Frederic Paik

    , and where one simulates backwards and forwards in order to obtain the thinned process. In the case of a Cox process, a simple independent thinning technique is proposed. In both cases, the thinning results in a Poisson process if and only if the true Papangelou conditional intensity is used, and thus can...

  12. Refactoring Process Models in Large Process Repositories.

    Weber, B.; Reichert, M.U.

    With the increasing adoption of process-aware information systems (PAIS), large process model repositories have emerged. Over time respective models have to be re-aligned to the real-world business processes through customization or adaptation. This bears the risk that model redundancies are

  13. The permanental process

    McCullagh, Peter; Møller, Jesper


    We extend the boson process first to a large class of Cox processes and second to an even larger class of infinitely divisible point processes. Density and moment results are studied in detail. These results are obtained in closed form as weighted permanents, so the extension i called a permanental...... process. Temporal extensions and a particularly tractable case of the permanental process are also studied. Extensions of the fermion process along similar lines, leading to so-called determinantal processes, are discussed....

  14. Food Processing and Allergenicity

    Verhoeckx, K.; Vissers, Y.; Baumert, J.L.; Faludi, R.; Fleys, M.; Flanagan, S.; Herouet-Guicheney, C.; Holzhauser, T.; Shimojo, R.; Bolt, van der Nieke; Wichers, H.J.; Kimber, I.


    Food processing can have many beneficial effects. However, processing may also alter the allergenic properties of food proteins. A wide variety of processing methods is available and their use depends largely on the food to be processed.

    In this review the impact of processing (heat and non

  15. Food processing and allergenicity

    Verhoeckx, K.C.M.; Vissers, Y.M.; Baumert, J.L.; Faludi, R.; Feys, M.; Flanagan, S.; Herouet-Guicheney, C.; Holzhauser, T.; Shimojo, R.; Bolt, N. van der; Wichers, H.; Kimber, I.


    Food processing can have many beneficial effects. However, processing may also alter the allergenic properties of food proteins. A wide variety of processing methods is available and their use depends largely on the food to be processed. In this review the impact of processing (heat and non-heat tre

  16. SAR processing using SHARC signal processing systems

    Huxtable, Barton D.; Jackson, Christopher R.; Skaron, Steve A.


    Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) is uniquely suited to help solve the Search and Rescue problem since it can be utilized either day or night and through both dense fog or thick cloud cover. Other papers in this session, and in this session in 1997, describe the various SAR image processing algorithms that are being developed and evaluated within the Search and Rescue Program. All of these approaches to using SAR data require substantial amounts of digital signal processing: for the SAR image formation, and possibly for the subsequent image processing. In recognition of the demanding processing that will be required for an operational Search and Rescue Data Processing System (SARDPS), NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center and NASA/Stennis Space Center are conducting a technology demonstration utilizing SHARC multi-chip modules from Boeing to perform SAR image formation processing.

  17. Desire To Be Or Not To Be: Desire Of Being And Nothingness In Angela Carter’s The Infernal Desire Machines Of Doctor Hoffmann And Elif Şafak’s Mahrem Olmak Ya Da Olmamak Arzusu: Angela Carter’ın Doktor Hoffmann’ın Şeytani Arzu Makineleri Ve Elif Şafak’ın Mahrem Adlı Romanlarında Varlik Ve Hiçlik Arzusu

    Banu AKÇEŞME


    Full Text Available This paper aims to study a highly acclaimed English novelist Angela Carter`s The Infernal Desire Machines of Doctor Hoffmann (1972(it will be referred to as Desire Machines from here on and Elif Şafak`s Mahrem (titled The Gaze in English (2000 comparatively by focusing on the similarities between these two novels in terms of themes, motifs and characters. Desire Machines and The Gaze are the novels of desire. These novels yield several feminist and psychoanalytical readings clustered around gender, sexuality, repression and body politics because of their explicitly sexually-laden contents. Differently from the previous approaches applied to the analyses of these novels, this paper aims to explore how desire, as imaged by consciousness in a Sartrian term, has been problematized in both novels by delving into the relationship between desire, consciousness, being, existence and imagination. Sartre explains that imagination or image function establishes an important dimension of consciousness. Sartre’s account of the constitution of the imaginary by consciousness in an attempt to satisfy desire provides insight into the nature of desire through the lens of phenomenological and existential psychology. Desire initiates ontological journeys to explore different possibilities of being. From this perspective, Desire Machines and The Gaze can be read as the texts of the externalized consciousnesses of the two desiring male characters Desiderio and Be-ce as they imagine the possibilities of their beings to bring into existence their desired being through negation, nihilation and re/constitution. Bu çalışma oldukça beğenilen İngiliz romancı Angela Carter’ınDr Hoffmann’ın Şeytani Arzu Makineleri (1972 (Buradan sonra ArzuMakineleri olarak söz edilecektir ve Elif Şafak’ın Mahrem (İngilizce adıThe Gaze (2000 adlı romanlarını karakter, motif ve tema açısındanbu iki eser arasındaki benzerliklere odaklanarak kar

  18. William Wordsworth's 'Double Awareness' of Memory in Virginia Woolf's Mrs Dalloway = William Wordsworth'un 'Hatıranın Çift Yönlü Algılaması' Kavramının Virgina Woolf'un Mrs Dalloway Adlı Romanındaki Kullanımı

    Ali GÜNEŞ


    Full Text Available This article deals with Romanticism in modernist British writer Virginia Woolf's novel, Mrs Dalloway. Although her works are experimental and new, they are part of a wider and developing perspective in the historical process of literary tradition, so that they cannot be viewed as completely breaking away from literary tradition, but rather as a reworking and redevelopment in its evolution. In her reworking of the traditional novel, this paper may suggest that Woolf made it "new" by returning to the Romantics, particularly to Wordsworth. By this claim, this paper does not mean that Woolf copied Wordsworth exactly, but was profoundly and pervasively influenced by his aesthetic views, especially in relation to her understanding of life as "consciousness". By returning to the Romantics, Woolf develops her sense of "reality" as both fragmented and whole, and of the "self" as fragmented but desiring and imagining unity. Hence she not only strove to construct a poetical or lyrical novel to express that contradictory view but also used her fiction to explore the mystery of the subjective consciousness as the dominant modernist view. In order to express her perception of modernist identity, Woolf used memory as a device in Mrs Dalloway and thus developed a new way of narration as well as a new view of human identity. By means of this new method, she left the objective narration of the traditional novel, and thus meaning or the view of identity in Woolf's late fiction is not static but undecided, unfinished and mysterious.


    Suyono .


    Full Text Available The marginal distribution of integrated renewal process is derived in this paper. Our approach is based on the theory of point processes, especially Poisson point processes. The results are presented in the form of Laplace transforms.

  20. Integrated Process Capability Analysis

    Chen; H; T; Huang; M; L; Hung; Y; H; Chen; K; S


    Process Capability Analysis (PCA) is a powerful too l to assess the ability of a process for manufacturing product that meets specific ations. The larger process capability index implies the higher process yield, a nd the larger process capability index also indicates the lower process expected loss. Chen et al. (2001) has applied indices C pu, C pl, and C pk for evaluating the process capability for a multi-process product wi th smaller-the-better, larger-the-better, and nominal-the-best spec...

  1. Product Development Process Modeling


    The use of Concurrent Engineering and other modern methods of product development and maintenance require that a large number of time-overlapped "processes" be performed by many people. However, successfully describing and optimizing these processes are becoming even more difficult to achieve. The perspective of industrial process theory (the definition of process) and the perspective of process implementation (process transition, accumulation, and inter-operations between processes) are used to survey the method used to build one base model (multi-view) process model.

  2. From Process Understanding to Process Control

    Streefland, M.


    A licensed pharmaceutical process is required to be executed within the validated ranges throughout the lifetime of product manufacturing. Changes to the process usually require the manufacturer to demonstrate that the safety and efficacy of the product remains unchanged. Recent changes in the regul

  3. Business Process Redesign: Design the Improved Process


    64 C. MULTIVOTING ......... .................. .. 65 D. ELECTRONIC VOTING TECHNOLOGY ... ......... .. 65 v E. PAIRED...PROCESS IMPROVEMENT PROCESS (PIP) Diagram of each Activity (AI-A4) ......... .. 122 vi APPENDIX D: PRODUCTS AND VENDORS WHICH SUPPORT ELECTRONIC VOTING ............. 126...requirements. D. ELECTRONIC VOTING TECHNOLOGY Nunamaker [1992] suggests that traditional voting usual- ly happens at the end of a discussion, to close

  4. Process Intensification: A Perspective on Process Synthesis

    Lutze, Philip; Gani, Rafiqul; Woodley, John


    In recent years, process intensification (PI) has attracted considerable academic interest as a potential means for process improvement, to meet the increasing demands for sustainable production. A variety of intensified operations developed in academia and industry creates a large number of opti...

  5. Idaho Chemical Processing Plant Process Efficiency improvements

    Griebenow, B.


    In response to decreasing funding levels available to support activities at the Idaho Chemical Processing Plant (ICPP) and a desire to be cost competitive, the Department of Energy Idaho Operations Office (DOE-ID) and Lockheed Idaho Technologies Company have increased their emphasis on cost-saving measures. The ICPP Effectiveness Improvement Initiative involves many activities to improve cost effectiveness and competitiveness. This report documents the methodology and results of one of those cost cutting measures, the Process Efficiency Improvement Activity. The Process Efficiency Improvement Activity performed a systematic review of major work processes at the ICPP to increase productivity and to identify nonvalue-added requirements. A two-phase approach was selected for the activity to allow for near-term implementation of relatively easy process modifications in the first phase while obtaining long-term continuous improvement in the second phase and beyond. Phase I of the initiative included a concentrated review of processes that had a high potential for cost savings with the intent of realizing savings in Fiscal Year 1996 (FY-96.) Phase II consists of implementing long-term strategies too complex for Phase I implementation and evaluation of processes not targeted for Phase I review. The Phase II effort is targeted for realizing cost savings in FY-97 and beyond.

  6. Technology or Process First?

    Siurdyban, Artur Henryk; Svejvig, Per; Møller, Charles

    between them using strategic alignment, Enterprise Systems and Business Process Management theories. We argue that the insights from these cases can lead to a better alignment between process and technology. Implications for practice include the direction towards a closer integration of process...... and technology factors in organizations. Theoretical implications call for a design-oriented view of technology and process alignment....


    Vlad BALANESCU; Mihaela MASCU


    Business Process Management (BPM) is considered to be the third wave in business process theory. Appearing as a response to the critique formulated regarding Business Process Reengineering, BPM tries to be a more holistic and integrated approach to management and processes. In a time where complex solutions are needed solution that incorporates elements from various concepts, Business Process Management can be, in my opinion, a link between these ideas. After a short introduction presenting g...

  8. Thin film processes

    Vossen, John L


    Remarkable advances have been made in recent years in the science and technology of thin film processes for deposition and etching. It is the purpose of this book to bring together tutorial reviews of selected filmdeposition and etching processes from a process viewpoint. Emphasis is placed on the practical use of the processes to provide working guidelines for their implementation, a guide to the literature, and an overview of each process.

  9. Business process transformation the process tangram framework

    Sharma, Chitra


    This book presents a framework through transformation and explains  how business goals can be translated into realistic plans that are tangible and yield real results in terms of the top line and the bottom line. Process Transformation is like a tangram puzzle, which has multiple solutions yet is essentially composed of seven 'tans' that hold it together. Based on practical experience and intensive research into existing material, 'Process Tangram' is a simple yet powerful framework that proposes Process Transformation as a program. The seven 'tans' are: the transformation program itself, triggers, goals, tools and techniques, culture, communication and success factors. With its segregation into tans and division into core elements, this framework makes it possible to use 'pick and choose' to quickly and easily map an organization's specific requirements. Change management and process modeling are covered in detail. In addition, the book approaches managed services as a model of service delivery, which it ex...

  10. Process innovation laboratory

    Møller, Charles


    Most organizations today are required not only to operate effective business processes but also to allow for changing business conditions at an increasing rate. Today nearly every business relies on their enterprise information systems (EIS) for process integration and future generations of EIS...... will increasingly be driven by business process models. Consequently business process modelling and improvement is becoming a serious challenge. The aim of this paper is to establish a conceptual framework for business process innovation (BPI) in the supply chain based on advanced EIS. The challenge is thus...... to create a new methodology for developing and exploring process models and applications. The paper outlines the process innovation laboratory as a new approach to BPI. The process innovation laboratory is a comprehensive framework and a collaborative workspace for experimenting with process models...

  11. Metallurgical process engineering

    Yin, Ruiyu [Central Iron and Steel Research Institute (CISRI), Beijing (China)


    ''Metallurgical Process Engineering'' discusses large-scale integrated theory on the level of manufacturing production processes, putting forward concepts for exploring non-equilibrium and irreversible complex system. It emphasizes the dynamic and orderly operation of the steel plant manufacturing process, the major elements of which are the flow, process network and program. The book aims at establishing a quasi-continuous and continuous process system for improving several techno-economic indices, minimizing dissipation and enhancing the market competitiveness and sustainability of steel plants. The book is intended for engineers, researchers and managers in the fields of metallurgical engineering, industrial design, and process engineering. (orig.)

  12. Acoustic signal processing toolbox for array processing

    Pham, Tien; Whipps, Gene T.


    The US Army Research Laboratory (ARL) has developed an acoustic signal processing toolbox (ASPT) for acoustic sensor array processing. The intent of this document is to describe the toolbox and its uses. The ASPT is a GUI-based software that is developed and runs under MATLAB. The current version, ASPT 3.0, requires MATLAB 6.0 and above. ASPT contains a variety of narrowband (NB) and incoherent and coherent wideband (WB) direction-of-arrival (DOA) estimation and beamforming algorithms that have been researched and developed at ARL. Currently, ASPT contains 16 DOA and beamforming algorithms. It contains several different NB and WB versions of the MVDR, MUSIC and ESPRIT algorithms. In addition, there are a variety of pre-processing, simulation and analysis tools available in the toolbox. The user can perform simulation or real data analysis for all algorithms with user-defined signal model parameters and array geometries.

  13. Secure Processing Lab

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Secure Processing Lab is the center of excellence for new and novel processing techniques for the formation, calibration and analysis of radar. In addition, this...

  14. Business Process Inventory

    Office of Personnel Management — Inventory of maps and descriptions of the business processes of the U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM), with an emphasis on the processes of the Office of the...

  15. Radiochemical Processing Laboratory (RPL)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The Radiochemical Processing Laboratory (RPL)�is a scientific facility funded by DOE to create and implement innovative processes for environmental clean-up and...

  16. Natural Language Processing.

    Chowdhury, Gobinda G.


    Discusses issues related to natural language processing, including theoretical developments; natural language understanding; tools and techniques; natural language text processing systems; abstracting; information extraction; information retrieval; interfaces; software; Internet, Web, and digital library applications; machine translation for…

  17. Dairy processing, Improving quality

    Smit, G.


    This book discusses raw milk composition, production and quality, and reviews developments in processing from hygiene and HACCP systems to automation, high-pressure processing and modified atmosphere packaging.

  18. Group Decision Process Support

    Gøtze, John; Hijikata, Masao


    Introducing the notion of Group Decision Process Support Systems (GDPSS) to traditional decision-support theorists.......Introducing the notion of Group Decision Process Support Systems (GDPSS) to traditional decision-support theorists....

  19. Towards better process understanding

    Matero, Sanni Elina; van der Berg, Franciscus Winfried J; Poutiainen, Sami


    , current best practice to control a typical process is to not allow process-related factors to vary i.e. lock the production parameters. The problem related to the lack of sufficient process understanding is still there: the variation within process and material properties is an intrinsic feature...... and cannot be compensated for with constant process parameters. Instead, a more comprehensive approach based on the use of multivariate tools for investigating processes should be applied. In the pharmaceutical field these methods are referred to as Process Analytical Technology (PAT) tools that aim...... to achieve a thorough understanding and control over the production process. PAT includes the frames for measurement as well as data analyzes and controlling for in-depth understanding, leading to more consistent and safer drug products with less batch rejections. In the optimal situation, by applying...

  20. Cognitive processes in CBT

    Becker, E.S.; Vrijsen, J.N.


    Automatic cognitive processing helps us navigate the world. However, if the emotional and cognitive interplay becomes skewed, those cognitive processes can become maladaptive and result in psychopathology. Although biases are present in most mental disorders, different disorders are characterized by