WorldWideScience

Sample records for adjudication

  1. Adjudicating socioeconomic rights

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Christo Heunis

    It is trite to say that the adjudication of socio-economic rights is a new enterprise in South African jurisprudence, as it is to the jurisprudence of many other jurisdictions. Professor van Rensburg's paper seeks to analyse the influence of political, socio-economic and cultural considerations on the interpretation and application ...

  2. 16 CFR 3.2 - Nature of adjudicative proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nature of adjudicative proceedings. 3.2... RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE PROCEEDINGS Scope of Rules; Nature of Adjudicative Proceedings § 3.2 Nature of adjudicative proceedings. Adjudicative proceedings are those formal proceedings conducted under...

  3. 49 CFR 511.2 - Nature of adjudicative proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Nature of adjudicative proceedings. 511.2 Section... SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ADJUDICATIVE PROCEDURES Scope of Rules; Nature of Adjudicative Proceedings, Definitions § 511.2 Nature of adjudicative proceedings. Adjudicative proceedings...

  4. 32 CFR 732.20 - Adjudication authorities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Corps cold-weather training site); and Nevada, except for NAS Fallon and its immediate area; medical and... through the adjudication authority chain of command (In instances of unusual or controversial denial of claims, the adjudication authority may forward claims to COMNAVMEDCOM on appeal, via the chain of command...

  5. Quality Assurance in Defense Adjudication Workshop for Defining and Assessing Quality

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Carney, Ralph

    2003-01-01

    ...) can adopt to assure the quality of adjudication decisions. Subject matter experts identified adjudication customers, products and services, and customer expectations and defined adjudication quality...

  6. Quality Assurance in Defense Adjudication: Workshop for Defining and Assessing Quality

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Carney, Ralph

    2002-01-01

    ...) can adopt to assure the quality of adjudication decisions. Subject matter experts identified adjudication customers, products and services, and customer expectations and defined adjudication quality...

  7. Effective Adjudication through Administrative Appeals in Slovenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Polona Kovač

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The administrative relations of individuals towards the authority are the framework for balancing public and private legal interests in contemporary societies. Especially when there is a dispute, the system promotes the effective adjudication of contradictory legal interests in order to prove that the authority functions as a good administration. Namely, effective adjudication through administrative appeals can be the primary tool for resolving conflicts as quickly as possible but with full respect for the rule of law and the division of power as key principles of central European legal systems. The article addresses theoretical, normative, and empirical issues of Slovene public administration and administrative justice in order to establish the scope of effective conflict resolution by internal administrative appeal that is mandatory before court action can be taken. By using several research methods, it can be concluded that Slovenia has developed appeal procedures as a sufficient form of adjudication. Nevertheless, appeals could be further improved to ensure good governance in practice.

  8. Culture (and religion) in constitutional adjudication | Rautenbach ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The faculty of law of the Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education in corroboration with the Konrad-Adenauer-Stifttung embarked on a study on Politics, Socio-Economic Issues and Culture in Constitutional Adjudication. The aim of the project is twofold. The first aim is to analyse the influence of political, ...

  9. 24 CFR 14.300 - Jurisdiction of adjudicative officer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Jurisdiction of adjudicative... PROCEEDINGS Procedures for Considering Applications § 14.300 Jurisdiction of adjudicative officer. Any... jurisdiction of an adjudicative officer upon the effective date of his or her decision in the underlying...

  10. 5 CFR 2610.301 - Jurisdiction of adjudicative officer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Jurisdiction of adjudicative officer....301 Jurisdiction of adjudicative officer. Any provision in the Office's rules and regulations other than this part which limits or terminates the jurisdiction of an adjudicative officer upon the...

  11. Criminal adjudication by state courts under the FDRE constitution ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    On the one hand, the dualism of the court structure presupposes that the federal courts adjudicate federal criminal matters, where as state courts adjudicate state criminal matters. This principle is accompanied by an exception that the state courts adjudicate federal criminal matters by delegation power. On the other hand, ...

  12. 16 CFR 1025.2 - Nature of adjudicative proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nature of adjudicative proceedings. 1025.2 Section 1025.2 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE PROCEEDINGS Scope of Rules, Nature of Adjudicative Proceedings, Definitions § 1025.2 Nature of...

  13. 77 FR 39057 - Rules of Practice for Adjudication Proceedings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-29

    ... with this part in an immaterial fashion would be inconsistent with the Bureau's policy of encouraging... Rule. Section 1081.107 Appearance and Practice in Adjudication Proceedings This section of the Interim... representative capacity for parties in adjudication proceedings. A notice of appearance is required to be filed...

  14. 31 CFR 360.29 - Adjudication of claims.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Adjudication of claims. 360.29 Section 360.29 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance (Continued) FISCAL... the ordinary course of business. (b) Claims filed 10 years after payment. Any claim filed 10 years or...

  15. Introduction: procedural aspects of shared responsibility in international adjudication

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nollkaemper, A.

    2013-01-01

    The procedural rules of international courts are key to the ability of such courts to adjudicate questions of shared responsibility. These procedural rules, as well as the practice of international courts, vary widely and have not yet been subject of systematic study. To provide a basis for studying

  16. 20 CFR 725.350 - Who are the adjudication officers?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... to accept evidence and decide claims on the basis of such evidence are called “adjudication officers... part. (c) Administrative law judge. An administrative law judge is that official appointed pursuant to... administrative law judge for purposes of this part for any period after March 1, 1979. ...

  17. 5 CFR 300.706 - Office of Personnel Management adjudication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Office of Personnel Management adjudication. 300.706 Section 300.706 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS EMPLOYMENT (GENERAL) Statutory Bar to Appointment of Persons Who Fail To Register Under Selective Service Law § 300.706 Office of Personnel...

  18. A Unifying Framework for the Problem of Adjudicating Conflicting Claims

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard, Jens Leth; Moreno-Ternero, Juan D.; Østerdal, Lars Peter Raahave

    the structure of such a space. In this paper, we generalize their analysis upon presenting and studying a general family of operators inspired by three apparently unrelated approaches to the problem of adjudicating conflicting claims. We study the structural properties of this family and show, in particular...

  19. The adjudication of miracles: Rethinking the criteria of historicity ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The adjudication of miracles: Rethinking the criteria of historicity. MR Licona, JG van der Watt. Abstract. This is the second article in a series of two that discusses whether historians are within their professional rights to investigate miracle claims. In the first, I made a positive case that they are and then proceeded to examine ...

  20. The Effect of Selected Nonmusical Factors on Adjudicators' Ratings of High School Solo Vocal Performances

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Sandra A.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of differentiated performance attire and stage deportment on adjudicators' ratings of high school solo vocal performances. High school choral students (n = 153) and undergraduate (n = 97) and graduate music majors (n = 32) served as adjudicators (N = 282). Adjudicators rated recorded solo vocal…

  1. A unifying framework for the problem of adjudicating conflicting claims

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard, Jens Leth; Østerdal, Lars Peter Raahave; Moreno-Terero, Juan D.

    2012-01-01

    operators in order to uncover the structure of such a space. In this paper, we generalize their analysis upon presenting and studying a general family of operators inspired by three apparently unrelated approaches to the problem of adjudicating conflicting claims. We study the structural properties...... of this family and show, in particular, that most of Thomson and Yeh’s results are specific cases of our study....

  2. Adjudication accessibility of the solar energy with GIS tools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radim Rybár

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Constantly increase prise of oil and natural gas at the world market, increase consumption of electric power forces people to look for new energy sources. Concentration to renewable energy is an attention of specialist and non-professional public. The solar energy is one of the renewable energy. A lot of different factors influence as possibilities using the solar energy. For adjudication possibilities using solar energy is needed to know and calculate quantity accessibility of radiation and its energy for potential locality. This calculation is determined by geographic location, critical time, climatic and meteorological conditions, and position study plain. GIS tools can be very useful for this calculation. Created digital terrain model of Košice fold is used for the adjudication accessibility solar energy. The basic attribute of digital terrain model is used, such as possibilities deduce more parameters like slope and aspect. Basic location parameter of adjudication plain by determine accessibility of the solar radiation is a slope β and an azimuth plain normale An.

  3. Clinical endpoint adjudication in a contemporary all-comers coronary stent investigation: methodology and external validation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vranckx, Pascal; McFadden, Eugene; Cutlip, Donald E; Mehran, Roxana; Swart, Michael; Kint, P P; Zijlstra, Felix; Silber, Sigmund; Windecker, Stephan; Serruys, Patrick W C J

    2013-01-01

    Globalisation in coronary stent research calls for harmonization of clinical endpoint definitions and event adjudication. Little has been published about the various processes used for event adjudication or their impact on outcome reporting. We performed a validation of the clinical event committee (CEC) adjudication process on 100 suspected events in the RESOLUTE All-comers trial (Resolute-AC). Two experienced Clinical Research Organisations (CRO) that had already extensive internal validation processes in place, participated in the study. After initial adjudication by the primary-CEC, events were cross-adjudicated by an external-CEC using the same definitions. Major discrepancies affecting the primary end point of target-lesion failure (TLF), a composite of cardiac death, target vessel myocardial infarction (TV-MI), or clinically-indicated target-lesion revascularization (CI-TLR), were analysed by an independent oversight committee who provided recommendations for harmonization. Discordant adjudications were reconsidered by the primary CEC. Subsequently, the RAC database was interrogated for cases that based on these recommendations merited re-adjudication and these cases were also re-adjudicated by the primary CEC. Final discrepancies in adjudication of individual components of TLF occurred in 7 out of 100 events in 5 patients. Discrepancies for the (hierarchical) primary endpoint occurred in 5 events (2 cardiac deaths and 3 TV-MI). After application of harmonization recommendations to the overall RAC population (n=2292), the primary CEC adjudicated 3 additional clinical-TLRs and considered 1 TV-MI as no event. A harmonization process provided a high level of concordance for event adjudication and improved accuracy for final event reporting. These findings suggest it is feasible to pool clinical event outcome data across clinical trials even when different CECs are responsible for event adjudication. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. The Role of Quality in the Adjudication of Public Tenders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geo Quinot

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The quality of the goods or services that government procures is obviously a very important consideration in deciding which supplier should be awarded a particular public tender. It follows that in the regulation of public procurement, particular attention should be given to the role of quality (also called functionality in the adjudication of public tenders and the final award decision. In South African public procurement law, the role of functionality in public tender adjudication has been a fairly controversial issue that has resulted in a continuing interaction between courts and law-makers on how and when quality should be assessed and should impact on the final award decision within the framework for public procurement found in section 217 of the Constitution. This contribution tracks the development of the role of functionality in public tender adjudication as prescribed by public procurement regulation since the enactment of the Preferential Procurement Policy Framework Act 5 of 2000, which spearheaded the development of contemporary public procurement regulation in South Africa. The analysis shows how the role of functionality has constantly changed since the enactment of the PPPFA and remains uncertain. This uncertainty relates to different interpretations of the constitutional requirements for public procurement primarily contained in section 217(1 of the Constitution. Whether functionality is used as a qualification criterion, an award criterion or both holds particular practical implications for both suppliers and contracting authorities. It is accordingly important to have certainty on this question. However, it cannot be said that the Constitution and section 217 in particular dictates one approach rather than another. The issue should thus be resolved with reference to the statutory scheme adopted under the PPPFA.

  5. Systematic adjudication of myocardial infarction end-points in an international clinical trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K.W. Mahaffey (Kenneth); R.A. Harrington (Robert Alex); K.M. Akkerhuis (Martijn); N.S. Kleiman (Neal); L.G. Berdan (Lisa); B.S. Crenshaw (Brian); B.E. Tardiff (Barbara); C.B. Granger (Christopher); I. DeJong (Ingrid); M. Bhapkar (Manju); P. Widimsky (Petr); R. Corbalon (Ramón); K.L. Lee (Kerry); J.W. Deckers (Jaap); M.L. Simoons (Maarten); E.J. Topol (Eric); R.M. Califf (Robert)

    2001-01-01

    textabstractBackground. Clinical events committees (CEC) are used routinely to adjudicate suspected end-points in cardiovascular trials, but little information has been published about the various processes used. We reviewed results of the CEC process used to identify and adjudicate suspected

  6. Systematic adjudication of myocardial infarction end-points in an international clinical trial.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K.W. Mahaffey (Kenneth); R.A. Harrington (Robert Alex); N.S. Kleiman (Neal); L.G. Berdan (Lisa); B.S. Crenshaw (Brian); B.E. Tardiff (Barbara); C.B. Granger (Christopher); I. DeJong (Ingrid); M. Bhapkar (Manju); P. Widimsky (Petr); R. Corbalon (Ramón); K.L. Lee (Kerry); J.W. Deckers (Jaap); M.L. Simoons (Maarten); E.J. Topol (Eric); R.M. Califf (Robert); K.M. Akkerhuis (Martijn)

    2001-01-01

    textabstractBACKGROUND: Clinical events committees (CEC) are used routinely to adjudicate suspected end-points in cardiovascular trials, but little information has been published about the various processes used. We reviewed results of the CEC process used to identify and adjudicate suspected

  7. Psychometric Properties of a Suicide Screen for Adjudicated Youth in Residential Care

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Jennifer; Hudson, Kenneth; Lamis, Dorian A.; Carr, Nicole

    2012-01-01

    There is a need to efficiently and effectively screen adjudicated youth residing within the juvenile justice system for suicide proneness. Accordingly, in the current study, the psychometric properties of the Life Attitude Schedule: Short Form (LAS:S), a 24-item risk assessment for suicide proneness, were assessed using data from adjudicated youth…

  8. Good interobserver agreement was attainable on outcome adjudication in patients with stable coronary heart disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjoller, Erik; Hilden, Jørgen; Winkel, Per

    2012-01-01

    In clinical trials, agreement on outcomes is of utmost importance for valid estimation of intervention effects. As there is limited knowledge about adjudicator agreement in cardiology, we examined the level of agreement among three cardiology specialists adjudicating all possible events in a rand...... in a randomized controlled clinical trial of patients with stable coronary heart disease....

  9. 78 FR 24669 - Reorganization of Regulations on the Adjudication of Department of Homeland Security Practitioner...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-26

    ... Docket No. 174; A.G. Order No. 3384-2013] RIN 1125-AA66 Reorganization of Regulations on the Adjudication.... Reorganization of Regulations on the Adjudication of Department of Homeland Security Practitioner Disciplinary... intermingled the responsibilities of the former INS and EOIR, this transfer required a reorganization of title...

  10. Immigration Adjudication: The Missing “Rule of Law”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lenni B. Benson

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The United States spends more than $19 billion each year on border and immigration enforcement.[1] The Obama administration removed more people in eight years than the last four administrations combined.[2] Yet, to the Trump administration, enforcement is not yet robust enough. Among other measures, the administration favors more expedited and summary removals. More than 80 percent[3] of all removal orders are already issued outside the court process: When the Department of Homeland Security (DHS uses summary removal processes, both access to counsel and an immigration judge can be nearly impossible. Advocates and policy analysts are equally concerned that a backlog of over 545,000 immigration court cases creates delay that harm people seeking asylum and other humanitarian protection. Recent use of priority or “rocket” dockets in immigration court and lack of appointed counsel also interfere with the fair adjudication of claims. Thus the administrative removal system is criticized both for being inefficient and moving too slowly, on the one hand, and for moving too quickly without adequate procedural safeguards, on the other. Both critiques have merit. The challenge is to design, implement, and most critically, maintain an appropriately balanced adjudication system. While it is clear that US removal procedures need reform, process alone will not be able to address some of the systematic flaws within the system. Ultimately, the DHS will need to refine and prioritize the cases that are placed into the system and the government needs new tools, widely used in other adjudication systems, that can reduce backlogs, incentivize cooperation, and facilitate resolution. Congress should similarly reexamine the barriers to status and avenues for regularization or preservation of status. The paucity of equitable forms or relief and the lack of statutes of limitation place stress on the immigration court system. The lack of appointed counsel has a

  11. Adjudication of Fibromyalgia Syndrome: Challenges in the Medicolegal Arena

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary-Ann Fitzcharles

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The medicolegal challenges surrounding fibromyalgia (FM arise from the subjectivity of symptoms, causal attribution and reported symptoms sufficiently severe to cause disablement. In the present article, the authors have endeavoured to provide clarification of some current issues by referencing the current literature, including the 2012 Canadian Fibromyalgia Guidelines. While FM is accepted as a valid condition, its diagnosis is vulnerable to misuse due to the subjectivity of symptoms. Without a defining cause, a physical or psychological event may be alleged to trigger FM, but adjudication of causation must be prudent. Although some individuals may experience severe symptoms, the prevalent societal concept of disablement due to FM must be tempered with the knowledge that working contributes to psychosocial wellbeing. Evidence provided in the present report may assist the courts in reaching decisions concerning FM.

  12. International adjudication of global public goods: the intersection of substance and procedure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nollkaemper, A.

    2012-01-01

    International adjudication is a small, but not irrelevant, component in the complex international governance structure through which states and other actors seek to deliver global public goods. This article explores the plurality of connections between the procedural law of international

  13. 12 CFR 585.50 - What adjudications and offenses are not covered by this part?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... financial holding company). (5) The person must disclose the conviction or pretrial diversion or similar... similar positions with the savings and loan holding company. ... TREASURY PROHIBITED SERVICE AT SAVINGS AND LOAN HOLDING COMPANIES Prohibition § 585.50 What adjudications...

  14. Quality Assurance in Defense Adjudication: Workshop for Defining and Assessing Quality

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Carney, Ralph

    2002-01-01

    The Defense Personnel Security Research Center, p05/05 (PERSEREC) undertook a study to develop a definition of adjudication quality and outline a systematic approach that the Department of Defense (DoD...

  15. The Constitutional Court Adjudication and Its Implications for the Justice Seekers

    OpenAIRE

    Sutiyoso, Bambang

    2008-01-01

    The Constitutional Court adjudication, as the nature of a court decision, implies the rights that the justice seekers will appreciate. It is unfortunate, however, that the appeal procedures for those who dissatisfied with such adjudication has yet to be issued, and this may produce the disadvantages for the purpose of affording justice. For such reason, the amendment on Procedures of the Constitutional Court, particularly in the appeal procedures, is very much needed.

  16. Systematic adjudication of myocardial infarction end-points in an international clinical trial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee Kerry L

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Clinical events committees (CEC are used routinely to adjudicate suspected end-points in cardiovascular trials, but little information has been published about the various processes used. We reviewed results of the CEC process used to identify and adjudicate suspected end-point (post-enrolment myocardial infarction (MI in the large Platelet Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa in Unstable Angina: Receptor Suppression Using Integrilin (Eptifibatide Therapy (PURSUIT trial. Methods The PURSUIT trial randomised 10,948 patients with acute coronary syndromes to receive eptifibatide or placebo. A central adjudication process was established prospectively to identify all suspected MIs and adjudicate events based on protocol definitions of MI. Suspected MIs were identified by systematic review of data collection forms, cardiac enzyme results, and electrocardiograms. Two physicians independently reviewed all suspected events. If they disagreed whether a MI had occurred, a committee of cardiologists adjudicated the case. Results The CEC identified 5005 patients with suspected infarction (46%, of which 1415 (28% were adjudicated as end-point infarctions. As expected, the process identified more end-point events than did the site investigators. Absolute and relative treatment effects of eptifibatide were smaller when using CEC-determined MI rates rather than site investigator-determined rates. The site-investigator reporting of MI and the CEC assessment of MI disagreed in 20% of the cases reviewed by the CEC. Conclusions End-point adjudication by a CEC is important, to provide standardised, systematic, independent, and unbiased assessment of end-points, particularly in trials that span geographic regions and clinical practice settings. Understanding the CEC process used is important in the interpretation of trial results and event rates.

  17. Exposure to airborne metals and particulate matter and risk for youth adjudicated for criminal activity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Haynes, Erin N.; Chen, Aimin; Ryan, Patrick; Succop, Paul; Wright, John; Dietrich, Kim N.

    2011-01-01

    Antisocial behavior is a product of multiple interacting sociohereditary variables, yet there is increasing evidence that metal exposure, particularly, manganese and lead, play a role in its epigenesis. Other metals, such as arsenic, cadmium, chromium, and mercury, and exposure to traffic-related air pollution, such as fine particulate matter (≤2.5 μm) have been associated with neurological deficits, yet largely unexplored with respect to their relationship with delinquent behavior. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the ecological relationship between county-wide reported airborne emissions of air metals, particulate matter, and youth adjudicated for criminal activity. Metal exposure data were collected from the Environmental Protection Agency AirData. Population statistics were obtained from the United States Census 2000 and adjudication data was obtained from the Courts of Common Pleases from each Ohio County. Simple correlations were calculated with the percentage of adjudications, all covariates, and estimated metal air emissions. Separate negative binomial regression models for each pollutant were used to provide an estimated risk ratio of pollutant emissions on the risk of adjudication for all Ohio counties adjusting for urban–rural residence, percentage of African Americans, median family income, percentage of family below poverty, percentage of high school graduation in 25 years and older populations, and population density. Metal emissions and PM in 1999 were all correlated with adjudication rate (2003–2005 average). Metal emissions were associated with slightly higher risk of adjudication, with about 3–4% increased risk per natural log unit of metal emission except chromium. The associations achieved statistical significance for manganese and mercury. The particulate matter ≤2.5 and ≤10 μm emissions had a higher risk estimate, with 12% and 19% increase per natural log unit emission, respectively, and also achieved statistical

  18. Exposure to airborne metals and particulate matter and risk for youth adjudicated for criminal activity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haynes, Erin N., E-mail: Erin.Haynes@uc.edu [College of Medicine, Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45267 (United States); Chen, Aimin, E-mail: Aimin.Chen@uc.edu [College of Medicine, Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45267 (United States); Ryan, Patrick, E-mail: Patrick.Ryan@uc.edu [College of Medicine, Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45267 (United States); Succop, Paul, E-mail: Paul.Succop@uc.edu [College of Medicine, Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45267 (United States); Wright, John, E-mail: John.Wright@uc.edu [College of Education, Criminal Justice, and Human Services, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221 (United States); Dietrich, Kim N., E-mail: Kim.Dietrich@uc.edu [College of Medicine, Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45267 (United States)

    2011-11-15

    Antisocial behavior is a product of multiple interacting sociohereditary variables, yet there is increasing evidence that metal exposure, particularly, manganese and lead, play a role in its epigenesis. Other metals, such as arsenic, cadmium, chromium, and mercury, and exposure to traffic-related air pollution, such as fine particulate matter ({<=}2.5 {mu}m) have been associated with neurological deficits, yet largely unexplored with respect to their relationship with delinquent behavior. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the ecological relationship between county-wide reported airborne emissions of air metals, particulate matter, and youth adjudicated for criminal activity. Metal exposure data were collected from the Environmental Protection Agency AirData. Population statistics were obtained from the United States Census 2000 and adjudication data was obtained from the Courts of Common Pleases from each Ohio County. Simple correlations were calculated with the percentage of adjudications, all covariates, and estimated metal air emissions. Separate negative binomial regression models for each pollutant were used to provide an estimated risk ratio of pollutant emissions on the risk of adjudication for all Ohio counties adjusting for urban-rural residence, percentage of African Americans, median family income, percentage of family below poverty, percentage of high school graduation in 25 years and older populations, and population density. Metal emissions and PM in 1999 were all correlated with adjudication rate (2003-2005 average). Metal emissions were associated with slightly higher risk of adjudication, with about 3-4% increased risk per natural log unit of metal emission except chromium. The associations achieved statistical significance for manganese and mercury. The particulate matter {<=}2.5 and {<=}10 {mu}m emissions had a higher risk estimate, with 12% and 19% increase per natural log unit emission, respectively, and also achieved statistical

  19. Identifying Individuals with Autism in a State Facility for Adolescents Adjudicated as Sexual Offenders: A Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutton, Lawrence R.; Hughes, Tammy L.; Huang, Ann; Lehman, Cathryn; Paserba, David; Talkington, Vanessa; Taormina, Rochelle; Walters, Jessie B.; Fenclau, Eric; Marshall, Stephanie

    2013-01-01

    Using the criteria established by the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania, the assessment procedures for establishing an autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in a previously undiagnosed adjudicated group is detailed. We examined 37 male adolescents adjudicated delinquent for sexual offenses who were sentenced to treatment. Ultimately, 22 (60%) were found to…

  20. Outcomes assessment in the SPRINT multicenter tibial fracture trial: Adjudication committee size has trivial effect on trial results

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Simunovic, Nicole; Walter, Stephen; Devereaux, P. J.; Sprague, Sheila; Guyatt, Gordon H.; Schemitsch, Emil; Tornetta, Paul; Sanders, David; Swiontkowski, Marc; Bhandari, Mohit; Guyatt, Gordon; Sanders, David W.; Schemitsch, Emil H.; Heels-Ansdell, Diane; Buckingham, Lisa; Leece, Pamela; Viveiros, Helena; Mignott, Tashay; Ansell, Natalie; Sidorkewicz, Natalie; Agel, Julie; Bombardier, Claire; Berlin, Jesse A.; Bosse, Michael; Browner, Bruce; Gillespie, Brenda; O'Brien, Peter; Poolman, Rudolf; Macleod, Mark D.; Carey, Timothy; Leitch, Kellie; Bailey, Stuart; Gurr, Kevin; Konito, Ken; Bartha, Charlene; Low, Isolina; MacBean, Leila V.; Ramu, Mala; Reiber, Susan; Strapp, Ruth; Tieszer, Christina; Kreder, Hans; Stephen, David J. G.; Axelrod, Terry S.; Yee, Albert J. M.; Richards, Robin R.; Finkelstein, Joel; Holtby, Richard M.; Cameron, Hugh; Cameron, John; Gofton, Wade; Murnaghan, John; Schatztker, Joseph; Bulmer, Beverly; Conlan, Lisa; Laflamme, Yves; Berry, Gregory; Beaumont, Pierre; Ranger, Pierre; Laflamme, Georges-Henri; Jodoin, Alain; Renaud, Eric; Gagnon, Sylvain; Maurais, Gilles; Malo, Michel; Fernandes, Julio; Latendresse, Kim; Poirier, Marie-France; Daigneault, Gina; McKee, Michael M.; Waddell, James P.; Bogoch, Earl R.; Daniels, Timothy R.; McBroom, Robert R.; Vicente, Milena R.; Storey, Wendy; Wild, Lisa M.; McCormack, Robert; Perey, Bertrand; Goetz, Thomas J.; Pate, Graham; Penner, Murray J.; Panagiotopoulos, Kostas; Pirani, Shafique; Dommisse, Ian G.; Loomer, Richard L.; Stone, Trevor; Moon, Karyn; Zomar, Mauri; Webb, Lawrence X.; Teasdall, Robert D.; Birkedal, John Peter; Martin, David Franklin; Ruch, David S.; Kilgus, Douglas J.; Pollock, David C.; Harris, Mitchel Brion; Wiesler, Ethan Ron; Ward, William G.; Shilt, Jeffrey Scott; Koman, Andrew L.; Poehling, Gary G.; Kulp, Brenda; Creevy, William R.; Stein, Andrew B.; Bono, Christopher T.; Einhorn, Thomas A.; Desmond Brown, T.; Pacicca, Donna; Sledge, John B.; Foster, Timothy E.; Voloshin, Ilva; Bolton, Jill; Carlisle, Hope; Shaughnessy, Lisa; Ombremsky, William T.; LeCroy, C. Michael; Meinberg, Eric G.; Messer, Terry M.; Craig, William L.; Dirschl, Douglas R.; Caudle, Robert; Harris, Tim; Elhert, Kurt; Hage, William; Jones, Robert; Piedrahita, Luis; Schricker, Paul O.; Driver, Robin; Godwin, Jean; Hansley, Gloria; Obremskey, William Todd; Kregor, Philip James; Tennent, Gregory; Truchan, Lisa M.; Sciadini, Marcus; Shuler, Franklin D.; Driver, Robin E.; Nading, Mary Alice; Neiderstadt, Jacky; Vap, Alexander R.; Vallier, Heather A.; Patterson, Brendan M.; Wilber, John H.; Wilber, Roger G.; Sontich, John K.; Moore, Timothy Alan; Brady, Drew; Cooperman, Daniel R.; Davis, John A.; Cureton, Beth Ann; Health, Hamilton; Mandel, Scott; Orr, R. Douglas; Sadler, John T. S.; Hussain, Tousief; Rajaratnam, Krishan; Petrisor, Bradley; Drew, Brian; Bednar, Drew A.; Kwok, Desmond C. H.; Pettit, Shirley; Hancock, Jill; Cole, Peter A.; Smith, Joel J.; Brown, Gregory A.; Lange, Thomas A.; Stark, John G.; Levy, Bruce; Swiontkowski, Marc F.; Garaghty, Mary J.; Salzman, Joshua G.; Schutte, Carol A.; Tastad, Linda Toddie; Vang, Sandy; Seligson, David; Roberts, Craig S.; Malkani, Arthur L.; Sanders, Laura; Gregory, Sharon Allen; Dyer, Carmen; Heinsen, Jessica; Smith, Langan; Madanagopal, Sudhakar; Coupe, Kevin J.; Tucker, Jeffrey J.; Criswell, Allen R.; Buckle, Rosemary; Rechter, Alan Jeffrey; Sheth, Dhiren Shaskikant; Urquart, Brad; Trotscher, Thea; Anders, Mark J.; Kowalski, Joseph M.; Fineberg, Marc S.; Bone, Lawrence B.; Phillips, Matthew J.; Rohrbacher, Bernard; Stegemann, Philip; Mihalko, William M.; Buyea, Cathy; Augustine, Stephen J.; Jackson, William Thomas; Solis, Gregory; Ero, Sunday U.; Segina, Daniel N.; Berrey, Hudson B.; Agnew, Samuel G.; Fitzpatrick, Michael; Campbell, Lakina C.; Derting, Lynn; McAdams, June; Goslings, J. Carel; Ponsen, Kees Jan; Luitse, Jan; Kloen, Peter; Joosse, Pieter; Winkelhagen, Jasper; Duivenvoorden, Raphaël; Teague, David C.; Davey, Joseph; Sullivan, J. Andy; Ertl, William J. J.; Puckett, Timothy A.; Pasque, Charles B.; Tompkins, John F.; Gruel, Curtis R.; Kammerlocher, Paul; Lehman, Thomas P.; Puffinbarger, William R.; Carl, Kathy L.; Weber, Donald W.; Jomha, Nadr M.; Goplen, Gordon R.; Masson, Edward; Beaupre, Lauren A.; Greaves, Karen E.; Schaump, Lori N.; Jeray, Kyle J.; Goetz, David R.; Westberry, Davd E.; Broderick, J. Scott; Moon, Bryan S.; Tanner, Stephanie L.; Powell, James N.; Buckley, Richard E.; Elves, Leslie; Connolly, Stephen; Abraham, Edward P.; Eastwood, Donna; Steele, Trudy; Ellis, Thomas; Herzberg, Alex; Brown, George A.; Crawford, Dennis E.; Hart, Robert; Hayden, James; Orfaly, Robert M.; Vigland, Theodore; Vivekaraj, Maharani; Bundy, Gina L.; Miclau, Theodore; Matityahu, Amir; Coughlin, R. Richard; Kandemir, Utku; McClellan, R. Trigg; Hsin, Cindy; Lin, Hua; Karges, David; Cramer, Kathryn; Watson, J. Tracy; Moed, Berton; Scott, Barbara; Beck, Dennis J.; Orth, Carolyn; Puskas, David; Clark, Russell; Jones, Jennifer; Egol, Kenneth A.; Paksima, Nader; France, Monet; Wai, Eugene K.; Johnson, Garth; Wilkinson, Ross; Gruszczynski, Adam T.; Vexler, Liisa

    2011-01-01

    To evaluate how the size of an outcome adjudication committee, and the potential for dominance among its members, potentially impacts a trial's results. We conducted a retrospective analysis of data from the six-member adjudication committee in the Study to Prospectively Evaluate Reamed

  1. An Adlerian Model for the Etiology of Aggression in Adjudicated Adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Sandy; Mullis, Fran; Kern, Roy M.; Brack, Greg

    1999-01-01

    Investigates perceived parental rejection, family cohesion and adaptability, and levels of trait anger and anxiety in adolescents and their relationship to the etiology of aggression in adolescents who have been adjudicated for assaultive crimes. Study supports Adler's aggression theory, which established that aggression might begin with feelings…

  2. Audit of appropriate use of platelet transfusions: validation of adjudication criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Etchells, M; Spradbrow, J; Cohen, R; Lin, Y; Armali, C; Lieberman, L; Cserti-Gazdewich, C; Pendergrast, J; Callum, J

    2018-01-01

    Platelet (PLT) transfusions must be used appropriately, as they are in chronic short supply, costly and risky to patients. The goals of this audit were to: (1) validate preset adjudication criteria through an audit of appropriateness at four large academic hospitals; (2) identify variability in appropriateness across medical services, physician specialties or hospital locations; and (3) inform logistical or educational interventions that may reduce inappropriate use. A chart review of two hundred patients receiving PLT transfusions was performed. Fifty consecutive transfusion episodes per site were audited in detail. Each transfusion episode was independently adjudicated as appropriate or inappropriate by two transfusion specialists based on predetermined criteria. The adjudication criteria performed well with simple agreement of 95% (kappa statistic 0·83) between reviewers. Overall, 78% (95% CI: 72-84%) of PLT transfusions were adjudicated as appropriate, with results varying significantly by hospital site (range 62-94%). Prophylactic transfusions for non-bleeding patients had the highest proportion of appropriateness (85%, n = 80), and therapeutic transfusions for bleeding patients had the lowest (73%, n = 99). The lowest levels of appropriate platelet transfusions were observed in the operating rooms (60%) and when ordered by the general surgery service (55%). One in five platelet transfusions may be unnecessary, suggesting that interventions to improve PLT transfusion practice are warranted. © 2017 International Society of Blood Transfusion.

  3. Strategies of engagement with scientific fact-finding in international adjudication

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    d' Aspremont, J.; Mbengue, M.M.

    2014-01-01

    The following contribution zeroes in on the diverging responses that permeate international adjudicative practice pertaining to international disputes arising out of scientific controversies. Drawing on the idea that scientific fact-finding is as much a struggle for argumentative persuasiveness as

  4. Strategies of Engagement with Scientific Fact-Finding in International Adjudication

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    d' Aspremont, J.; Mbengue, M.M.

    2013-01-01

    The following contribution zeroes in on the diverging responses that permeate international adjudicative practice pertaining to international disputes arising out of scientific controversies. Drawing on the idea that scientific fact-finding is as much a struggle for argumentative persuasiveness as

  5. Gender Differences in Psychopathic Traits, Types, and Correlates of Aggression among Adjudicated Youth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stickle, Timothy R.; Marini, Victoria A.; Thomas, Jamila N.

    2012-01-01

    The current study investigated gender differences in types and correlates of aggression among 150 adjudicated youth (M age = 15.2, SD = 1.4). In cluster analysis, consistent with past studies, one aggressive group characterized by moderate levels of reactive aggression and one characterized by high levels of proactive and reactive aggression…

  6. Constitutional adjudication in the era of globalisation: the Netherlands in comparative perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Besselink, L.F.M.

    2011-01-01

    This essay is devoted to the apparent paradox of a constitutional system which is open and prepared for the internationalization which comes with globalization, yet does not allow constitutional adjudication as far as review of acts of parliament against the constitution is concerned. Firstly, we

  7. How could the pension funds adjudicator get it so wrong? a critique ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Some of the negative effects of Smith on the pension funds industry are also outlined. While the authors express their understanding that the Adjudicator's decision in Smith was made with the rights of women in mind, they believe that her reasoning was wrong. She may have arrived at the same decision on different ...

  8. Adjudication and the public realm. An analysis based on the work of Hannah Arendt

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hol, Antoine M.

    2005-01-01

    In this article, the possible tension between adjudication, understood as a public service, on the one hand, and the inevitable tendencies in a modern democracy towards the rationalization and personalization of this service, on the other, will be analysed. It will be shown that these tendencies in

  9. Offending, Adjudication, and Outcome Patterns of Solo Male, Solo Female, and Partnered Mass Murderers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurian, Elizabeth A

    2018-05-01

    Research on mass murder is limited due to differences in definitions (particularly with respect to victim count), as well as categorizations based on motive. These limitations restrict our understanding of the offending, adjudication, and outcome patterns of these offenders and can obscure potential underlying similarities to comparable types of offenders (e.g., lone actors or terrorists). To address some of these limitations, this research study, which includes an international sample of 434 cases (455 total offenders), uses descriptive and empirical analyses of solo male, solo female, and partnered mass murderers (teams of two or more) to explore offending, adjudication, and outcome patterns among these different types offenders. While the results from this research study support much previous mass murder research, the findings also emphasize the importance of large international sample sizes, objective categorizations, and the use of empirically based analyses to further advance our understanding of these offenders.

  10. Evaluation and Adjudication of Research Proposals: Vagaries and Politics of Funding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wolff-Michael Roth

    2002-09-01

    Full Text Available In this contribution for debate, I attempt to do a critical anthropology of research funding at one national council, the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. In this, I follow its own paradigmatic inscription on the cover of the "Manual for Adjudication Committee Members" (which regulates funding related evaluation and adjudication at the Social Sciences Research Council of Canada and take "a closer look," an inspection de plus près, at its process, the vagaries and politics included. To guide my anthropological investigation, I draw on different social science theories, which I articulate in terms of the topologies they provide for structuring the social. I draw on a form of writing that integrates third- and first-person perspectives on the social processes of funding and the autobiographical experiences of being and not being funded. URN: urn:nbn:de:0114-fqs0203259

  11. Discordance in investigator-reported and adjudicated sudden death in TIOSPIR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert A. Wise

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Accurate and consistent determination of cause of death is challenging in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD patients. TIOSPIR (N=17 135 compared the safety and efficacy of tiotropium Respimat 5/2.5 µg with HandiHaler 18 µg in COPD patients. All-cause mortality was a primary end-point. A mortality adjudication committee (MAC assessed all deaths. We aimed to investigate causes of discordance in investigator-reported and MAC-adjudicated causes of death and their impact on results, especially cardiac and sudden death. The MAC provided independent, blinded assessment of investigator-reported deaths (n=1302 and assigned underlying cause of death. Discordance between causes of death was assessed descriptively (shift tables. There was agreement between investigator-reported and MAC-adjudicated deaths in 69.4% of cases at the system organ class level. Differences were mainly observed for cardiac deaths (16.4% investigator, 5.1% MAC and deaths assigned to general disorders including sudden death (17.4% investigator, 24.6% MAC. Reasons for discrepancies included investigator attribution to the immediate (e.g. myocardial infarction (MI over the underlying cause of death (e.g. COPD and insufficient information for a definitive cause. Cause-specific mortality varies in COPD, depending on the method of assignment. Sudden death, witnessed and unwitnessed, is common in COPD and often attributed to MI without supporting evidence.

  12. Centralized adjudication of cardiovascular end points in cardiovascular and noncardiovascular pharmacologic trials: a report from the Cardiac Safety Research Consortium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seltzer, Jonathan H; Turner, J Rick; Geiger, Mary Jane; Rosano, Giuseppe; Mahaffey, Kenneth W; White, William B; Sabol, Mary Beth; Stockbridge, Norman; Sager, Philip T

    2015-02-01

    This white paper provides a summary of presentations and discussions at a cardiovascular (CV) end point adjudication think tank cosponsored by the Cardiac Safety Research Committee and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) that was convened at the FDA's White Oak headquarters on November 6, 2013. Attention was focused on the lack of clarity concerning the need for end point adjudication in both CV and non-CV trials: there is currently an absence of widely accepted academic or industry standards and a definitive regulatory policy on how best to structure and use clinical end point committees (CECs). This meeting therefore provided a forum for leaders in the fields of CV clinical trials and CV safety to develop a foundation of initial best practice recommendations for use in future CEC charters. Attendees included representatives from pharmaceutical companies, regulatory agencies, end point adjudication specialist groups, clinical research organizations, and active, academically based adjudicators. The manuscript presents recommendations from the think tank regarding when CV end point adjudication should be considered in trials conducted by cardiologists and by noncardiologists as well as detailing key issues in the composition of a CEC and its charter. In addition, it presents several recommended best practices for the establishment and operation of CECs. The science underlying CV event adjudication is evolving, and suggestions for additional areas of research will be needed to continue to advance this science. This manuscript does not constitute regulatory guidance. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. Fibromyalgia and Disability Adjudication: No Simple Solutions to a Complex Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manfred Harth

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Adjudication of disability claims related to fibromyalgia (FM syndrome can be a challenging and complex process. A commentary published in the current issue of Pain Research & Management makes suggestions for improvement. The authors of the commentary contend that: previously and currently used criteria for the diagnosis of FM are irrelevant to clinical practice; the opinions of family physicians should supersede those of experts; there is little evidence that trauma can cause FM; no formal instruments are necessary to assess disability; and many FM patients on or applying for disability are exaggerating or malingering, and tests of symptoms validity should be used to identify malingerers.

  14. Not Just the Facts: Adjudicator Bias and Decisions of the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (2006-2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Innessa Colaiacovo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB is Canada’s largest administrative tribunal. The Refugee Protection Division (RPD of the IRB is responsible for the adjudication of refugee claims made from within Canada.  In accordance with its obligations under international law, Canada grants protection to persons who have a well-founded fear of persecution because of race, nationality, religion, political opinion, or membership in a particular social group. In addition, a person may request protection in Canada on the basis of his or her fear of torture, risk to life or risk of cruel and unusual treatment or punishment. Acceptance (approval rates of claims vary widely across members of the IRB, with some granting asylum in less than 10 percent of cases, and others granting asylum in more than 90 percent of cases. Despite this fact, there is a lack of analysis exploring whether grant rates vary systematically in relationship to observed characteristics of adjudicators. This paper presents statistical analysis of over 68,000 refugee claims adjudicated by 264 members of the board from 2006 to 2011. It finds that the probability of acceptance is associated with individual members’ characteristics including education, gender, and professional experience, when holding constant the claimant’s country of origin, gender, and the year and regional office of adjudication. The findings suggest that the identity of the adjudicator affects whether or not an individual receives asylum. 

  15. Childhood Sexual Abuse in Adolescents Adjudicated for Sexual Offenses: Mental Health Consequences and Sexual Offending Behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morais, Hugo B; Alexander, Apryl A; Fix, Rebecca L; Burkhart, Barry R

    2018-02-01

    Most studies on the mental health consequences of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) focus predominantly on CSA survivors who do not commit sexual offenses. The current study examined the effects of CSA on 498 male adolescents adjudicated for sexual offenses who represent the small portion of CSA survivors who engage in sexual offenses. The prevalence of internalizing symptoms, parental attachment difficulties, specific sexual offending behaviors, and risk for sexually offending were compared among participants with and without a history of CSA. Results indicated that participants with a history of CSA were more likely to be diagnosed with major depression and posttraumatic stress disorder than those who did not report a history of CSA. A history of CSA was also positively correlated with risk for sexually offending and with specific offense patterns and consensual sexual behaviors. No significant differences emerged on parental attachment difficulties. These results highlight that adolescents adjudicated for sexual offenses with a history of CSA present with differences in sexual and psychological functioning as well as markedly different offending patterns when compared with those without a CSA history. Clinical implications and future directions are discussed.

  16. Oregon's Gun Relief Program for Adjudicated Mentally Ill Persons: The Psychiatric Security Review Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Britton, Juliet; Bloom, Joseph D

    2015-06-01

    This article describes the State of Oregon's implementation of two programs designed to comply with federal gun laws regarding reporting individuals who have received mental health adjudications in criminal and civil courts. One mandate requires that states submit names of adjudicated individuals to the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) while the second requires that the state establish a qualifying gun restoration program for those disqualified from gun ownership. In 2009, Oregon's Legislature developed an administrative approach to gun restoration and assigned the responsibility for conducting these hearing to the Oregon Psychiatric Security Review Board (PSRB). The PSRB is a state administrative board that has existed since 1977 and has been primarily focused on the supervision and treatment of adult and juvenile insanity acquittees. The gun restoration program began in 2010, but to date has only received three completed petitions requesting restoration of firearm rights. The article concludes with a discussion that surmises why very few of the Oregonians who are listed in NICS have submitted petitions for relief. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  17. Cognitive functioning and adjudicative competence: defendants referred for neuropsychological evaluation in a psychiatric inpatient setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arredondo, Beth C; Marcopulos, Bernice A; Brand, Jesse G; Campbell, Kristen T; Kent, Julie-Ann

    2017-11-01

    A paucity of peer-reviewed research exists regarding the relation between cognitive functioning and adjudicative competence, despite increasing awareness of cognitive deficits associated with serious mental illness. This retrospective study sought to add to and expand upon existing research by considering performance validity and court determinations of competence, when available. We compared demographic and cognitive variables of a group of defendants with presumed valid testing admitted to an inpatient psychiatric facility for evaluation of adjudicative competence and referred for neuropsychological evaluation (n = 45) and compared individuals determined by the evaluator and/or the court to be competent (n = 30) and incompetent (n = 15). Defendants who were incompetent were more likely to be diagnosed with a cognitive disorder, with a medium effect size. There was a difference in tests of immediate and delayed memory as measured by the Repeatable Battery for the Assessment of Neuropsychological Status (RBANS), with medium to large effects, and high delayed memory scores were helpful in ruling out incompetence (Negative predictive power = 85.71%). These results provide support for the relationship between cognitive functioning and trial competence, particularly at high and low levels of performance.

  18. Reducing Alcohol Risk in Adjudicated Male College Students: Further Validation of a Group Motivational Enhancement Intervention

    Science.gov (United States)

    LaBRIE, JOSEPH W.; CAIL, JESSICA; PEDERSEN, ERIC R.; MIGLIURI, SAVANNAH

    2014-01-01

    This study examined the effectiveness of a single-session group motivational enhancement alcohol intervention on adjudicated male college students. Over two sequential academic years, 230 students sanctioned by the university for alcohol-related infractions attended a 60- to 75-minute group intervention. The intervention consisted of a timeline followback, social norms education, decisional balance for behavioral change, blood alcohol content (BAC) information, expectancy challenge, and generation of behavioral goals. Participants were followed weekly for three months and showed reductions in drinking (29%) and alcohol-related consequences (32%) at three-month follow-up. The intervention was successful in reducing drinking for both first-year students and upperclassmen, with reductions appearing to be a function of the intervention and not the citation itself. Furthermore, a post hoc control condition revealed that those participants randomly assigned to the intervention group condition reduced drinking (19%) and alcohol-related consequences (44%) more than participants in the control condition over one month. These results provide continued evidence of the effectiveness of group motivational enhancement interventions with adjudicated male college students. PMID:25525319

  19. Effects of the endpoint adjudication process on the results of a randomised controlled trial: the ADVANCE trial.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jun Hata

    Full Text Available Endpoint adjudication committees (EPAC are widely used in clinical trials. The aim of the present analysis is to assess the effects of the endpoint adjudication process on the main findings of the ADVANCE trial (Trial registration: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT00145925.The ADVANCE trial was a multicentre, 2 × 2 factorial randomised controlled trial of blood pressure lowering and intensive blood glucose control in 11140 patients with type 2 diabetes. Primary outcomes were major macrovascular (nonfatal myocardial infarction, nonfatal stroke and cardiovascular death and microvascular (new or worsening nephropathy and retinopathy events. Suspected primary outcomes were initially reported by the investigators at the 215 sites with subsequent adjudication by the EPAC. The EPAC also adjudicated upon potential events identified directly by ongoing screening of all reported events. Over a median follow-up of 5 years, the site investigators reported one or more primary outcomes among 2443 participants. After adjudication these events were confirmed for 2077 (85% with 48 further events added through the EPAC-led database screening process. The estimated relative risk reductions (95% confidence intervals in the primary outcome for the blood pressure lowering comparison were 8% (-1 to 15% based on the investigator-reported events and 9% (0 to 17% based on the EPAC-based events (P for homogeneity = 0.70. The corresponding findings for the glucose comparison were 8% (1 to 15% and 10% (2% to 18% (P for homogeneity = 0.60. The effect estimates were also highly comparable when studied separately for macrovascular events and microvascular events for both comparisons (all P for homogeneity>0.6.The endpoint adjudication process had no discernible impact on the main findings in ADVANCE. These data highlight the need for careful consideration of the likely impact of an EPAC on the findings and conclusions of clinical trials prior to their establishment.

  20. Comparison of central adjudication of outcomes and onsite outcome assessment on treatment effect estimates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ndounga Diakou, Lee Aymar; Trinquart, Ludovic; Hróbjartsson, Asbjørn; Barnes, Caroline; Yavchitz, Amelie; Ravaud, Philippe; Boutron, Isabelle

    2016-03-10

    Assessment of events by adjudication committees (ACs) is recommended in multicentre randomised controlled trials (RCTs). However, its usefulness has been questioned. The aim of this systematic review was to compare 1) treatment effect estimates of subjective clinical events assessed by onsite assessors versus by AC, and 2) treatment effect estimates according to the blinding status of the onsite assessor as well as the process used to select events to adjudicate. We searched Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), PubMed, EMBASE, PsycINFO, CINAHL and Google Scholar (25 August 2015 as the last updated search date), using a combination of terms to retrieve RCTs with commonly used terms to describe ACs. We included all reports of RCTs and the published RCTs included in reviews and meta-analyses that reported the same subjective outcome event assessed by both an onsite assessor and an AC. We extracted the odds ratio (OR) from onsite assessment and the corresponding OR from AC assessment and calculated the ratio of the odds ratios (ROR). A ratio of odds ratios effect estimates in favour of the experimental treatment than ACs. Data from 47 RCTs (275,078 patients) were used in the meta-analysis. We excluded 11 RCTs because of incomplete outcome data to calculate the OR for onsite and AC assessments. On average, there was no difference in treatment effect estimates from onsite assessors and AC (combined ROR: 1.00, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.97 to 1.04; I(2) = 0%, 47 RCTs). The combined ROR was 1.00 (95% CI 0.96 to 1.04; I(2) = 0%, 35 RCTs) when onsite assessors were blinded; 0.76 (95% CI 0.48 to 1.12, I(2) = 0%, two RCTs) when AC assessed events identified independently from unblinded onsite assessors; and 1.11 (95% CI 0.96 to 1.27, I(2) = 0%, 10 RCTs) when AC assessed events identified by unblinded onsite assessors. However, there was a statistically significant interaction between these subgroups (P = 0.03) AUTHORS' CONCLUSIONS: On average

  1. Agreement between public register and adjudication committee outcome in a cardiovascular randomized clinical trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjøller, Erik; Hilden, Jørgen; Winkel, Per

    2014-01-01

    UNLABELLED: The objective of this study is to describe the agreement between randomized trial outcome assessment by committee and outcomes entirely identified through public registers. METHODS: In the CLARICOR trial, 4,372 patients with stable coronary heart disease received a short course...... of Diseases-coded diagnoses of the public registries into the same categories. After cross-tabulation of the committee diagnoses with National Patient Register diagnoses and Register of Causes of Death, we calculate agreement and compare the estimated intervention effects of the 2 data sets. RESULTS......: With public register data, the protocol-specified categories were slightly more frequent. Overall agreement was 74% for hospital discharges and 60% for cause of death, but the intervention effect, expressed as a hazard ratio, stayed within 4% of the value originally obtained with the adjudication committee (P...

  2. The Influence of Living Situations on Family Therapy Involvement Among Youth Adjudicated of a Sexual Crime.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoder, Jamie R

    2016-04-01

    Clinical and research professionals working with youth who have sexually offended have increasingly advocated for community-based care. However, other scholars have noted the appropriateness of residential placements for many youth. Research is inconclusive concerning the degree to which youth with sexually harmful behaviors receive family services, particularly family therapy in either community-based care settings or residential settings, and has yet to thoroughly identify how placement influences family therapy involvement. This study reviews the files of youth who have been adjudicated of a sexual crime (N = 85) to quantitatively identify how living situations influence family therapy involvement. Using bivariate estimations, findings reveal that youth living out of the home and those who change placements were more involved in family therapy than those treated in their own communities or homes. Implications and future research directions are considered. © The Author(s) 2014.

  3. The Inaccuracy of Patient Recall for COPD Exacerbation Rate Estimation and Its Implications: Results from Central Adjudication

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Frei, Anja; Siebeling, Lara; Wolters, Callista; Held, Leonhard; Muggensturm, Patrick; Strassmann, Alexandra; Zoller, Marco; ter Riet, Gerben; Puhan, Milo A.

    2016-01-01

    COPD exacerbation incidence rates are often ascertained retrospectively through patient recall and self-reports. We compared exacerbation ascertainment through patient self-reports and single-physician chart review to central adjudication by a committee and explored determinants and consequences of

  4. Accommodation and Adjudication in Student-Administration Conflicts: The Difficult Legacy of the U.S. Supreme Court

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer, Heinz-Dieter; Bratge, Katrina

    2011-01-01

    In this article, we consider a series of U.S. Supreme Court rulings that place public school students under an expansive shield of constitutional rights while often hampering the ability of administrators to engage in flexible and creative conflict resolution in the context of the school's mission. The court's readiness to adjudicate a large range…

  5. 76 FR 52580 - Procedures To Adjudicate Claims for Personal Injury or Property Damage Arising Out of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-23

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE 39 CFR Part 912 Procedures To Adjudicate Claims for Personal Injury or Property Damage Arising Out of the... directed to: General Law Service Center, USPS National Tort Center, 1720 Market Street, Room 2400, St...

  6. Enhancing Title Ix Due Process Standards in Campus Sexual Assault Adjudication: Considering the Roles of Distributive, Procedural, and Restorative Justice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harper, Shannon; Maskaly, Jon; Kirkner, Anne; Lorenz, Katherine

    2017-01-01

    Title IX prohibits sex discrimination--including sexual assault--in higher education. The Department of Education Office for Civil Rights' 2011 "Dear Colleague Letter" outlines recommendations for campus sexual assault adjudication allowing a variety of procedures that fail to protect accused students' due process rights and victims'…

  7. Incidence of transfusion reactions: a multi-center study utilizing systematic active surveillance and expert adjudication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hendrickson, Jeanne E.; Roubinian, Nareg H.; Chowdhury, Dhuly; Brambilla, Don; Murphy, Edward L.; Wu, Yanyun; Ness, Paul M.; Gehrie, Eric A.; Snyder, Edward L.; Hauser, R. George; Gottschall, Jerome L.; Kleinman, Steve; Kakaiya, Ram; Strauss, Ronald G.

    2017-01-01

    Background Prevalence estimates of serious hazards of transfusion vary widely. We hypothesized that the current reporting infrastructure in the United States fails to capture many transfusion reactions, and undertook a multi-center study utilizing active surveillance, data review, and adjudication to test this hypothesis. Study Design and Methods A retrospective record review was completed for a random sample of 17% of all inpatient transfusion episodes over 6 months at 4 academic tertiary care hospitals, with an episode defined as all blood products released to a patient in 6 hours. Data were recorded by trained clinical research nurses, and serious reactions were adjudicated by a panel of transfusion medicine experts. Results Of 4857 transfusion episodes investigated, 1.1% were associated with a serious reaction. Transfusion associated circulatory overload (TACO) was the most frequent serious reaction noted, being identified in 1% of transfusion episodes. Despite clinical notes describing a potential transfusion association in 59% of these cases, only 5.1% were reported to the transfusion service. Suspected transfusion related acute lung injury (TRALI/possible TRALI), anaphylactic, and hypotensive reactions were noted in 0.08%, 0.02%, and 0.02% of transfusion episodes. Minor reactions, including febrile non-hemolytic and allergic, were noted in 0.62% and 0.29% of transfusion episodes, with 30–50% reported to the transfusion service. Conclusion Underreporting of cardiopulmonary transfusion reactions is striking among academic, tertiary care hospitals. Complete and accurate reporting is essential to identify, define, establish pathogenesis, and mitigate/treat transfusion reactions. A better understanding of the failure to report may improve the accuracy of passive reporting systems. PMID:27460200

  8. Crime and substance misuse in adjudicated delinquent youth: the worst of both worlds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walters, Glenn D

    2014-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether comorbid offending and substance misuse in previously adjudicated delinquents correlated better with measures of concurrent antisocial cognition and personality and subsequent criminality and substance misuse than offending or substance misuse alone. A sample of 1,177 youths was divided into four groups based on self-reported crime and substance misuse data from Wave 4 (ages 16-21) of the Pathways to Desistance study (Mulvey, 2012): a no-crime and substance-misuse (NCS) group, a crime-only (CO) group, a substance-misuse-only (SO) group, and a crime and substance-misuse (C&S) group. As predicted, youths in the C&S group earned significantly higher scores on concurrent measures of neuroticism, grandiosity/manipulation, callousness/unemotionality, impulsivity/irresponsibility, and moral disengagement, and significantly lower scores on measures of agreeableness, conscientiousness, impulse control, suppression of aggression, and consideration of others than did youths in the other three groups. Prospective analyses revealed that C&S participants engaged in more subsequent crime and experienced more substance-related social problems than participants in the other three groups and reported significantly more substance-related dependency symptoms and episodes of alcohol/drug treatment than participants in the NCS and CO groups. Hence, previously adjudicated youths who experienced problems with crime and substances in late adolescence/early adulthood were at increased risk for concurrent antisocial cognition and personality problems and subsequent crime and substance-misuse problems compared with participants in the other three groups. The prospective effects were found to be partially mediated by antisocial cognition in the form of moral disengagement. PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2014 APA, all rights reserved.

  9. Lay Adjudication in Europe: The Rise and Fall of the Traditional Jury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Jackson

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Drawing on a second survey of lay adjudication in Europe conducted by the authors in 2011-2012, this article points to a general decline across Europe in the use of the ‘traditional’ jury and a trend towards diminishing its capacity to deliver independent decisions. Two examples from Eastern and Western Europe are used to illustrate this trend: a case study of the Russian jury shows how a lack of respect within the legal culture of professionals for lay adjudication has reduced the jury in Russia to a mere ‘decorative’ institution and an analysis of the ECtHR’s jurisprudence shows how the Court’s concern to avoid arbitrary decision making has been encouraging Western European states to introduce greater accountability measures, which threaten the jury’s independence. The article ends on a more optimistic note by arguing that greater accountability measures need not detract from the jury’ s traditional role in promoting lay and political participation in the administration of justice. Basándose en una segunda encuesta sobre adjudicación de legos en Europa desarrollada por los autores entre 2011 y 2012, este artículo apunta a una disminución general en toda Europa del uso del jurado "tradicional" y una tendencia hacia su capacidad cada vez menor de prestar decisiones independientes. Se utilizan dos ejemplos de Europa oriental y occidental para ilustrar esta tendencia: un estudio de caso del jurado ruso demuestra cómo dentro de la cultura jurídica, la falta de respeto de los profesionales hacia la adjudicación de legos ha reducido el jurado en Rusia a una institución meramente “decorativa” y un análisis de la jurisprudencia del TEDH muestra cómo la preocupación de la Corte para evitar la toma de decisiones arbitrarias ha fomentado que los estados de Europa occidental introduzcan mayores medidas de control, que ponen en peligro la independencia del jurado. El artículo termina con una nota más optimista con el

  10. Accuracy of sexually violent person assessments of juveniles adjudicated for sexual offenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caldwell, Michael F

    2013-10-01

    This study reviewed the records of 198 juveniles who were committed to secured custody after being adjudicated delinquent for a sexually violent offense that qualified them for possible commitment under a Sexually Violent Person's (SVP) civil commitment law. For an individual to be committed, the statute requires that the individual have a qualifying mental disorder and is "likely," to commit a future act of sexual violence. Each youth was screened by at least two expert examiners in a two-step process. Fifty-four of the youth were found to meet the commitment criteria in an initial examination and were subject to an SVP petition. The remaining 144 were screened out. Subsequent criminal charges were collected over a 4.97-year mean follow-up. The results showed that the prevalence rates for general sexual offending and felony sexual offending did not differ between youth who were screened out and those who were subject to a petition. Among petitioned youth, 11.76% were charged with a new sexual offense including 9.80% who were charged with a felony sexual assault. By comparison, 17.36% of the youth that were screened out were charged with a sexual offense including 13.19% who were charged with a felony sexual assault, a nonsignificant difference.

  11. Family context and externalizing correlates of childhood animal cruelty in adjudicated delinquents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walters, Glenn D; Noon, Alexandria

    2015-05-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether childhood animal cruelty is primarily a feature of family context or of externalizing behavior. Twenty measures of family context and proactive (fearlessness) and reactive (disinhibition) externalizing behavior were correlated with the retrospective accounts of childhood animal cruelty provided by 1,354 adjudicated delinquents. A cross-sectional analysis revealed that all 20 family context, proactive externalizing, and reactive externalizing variables correlated significantly with animal cruelty. Prospective analyses showed that when the animal cruelty variable was included in a regression equation with the 10 family context variables (parental arguing and fighting, parental drug use, parental hostility, and parental knowledge and monitoring of offspring behavior) or in a regression equation with the five reactive externalizing variables (interpersonal hostility, secondary psychopathy, weak impulse control, weak suppression of aggression, and short time horizon), it continued to predict future violent and income (property + drug) offending. The animal cruelty variable no longer predicted offending, however, when included in a regression equation with the five proactive externalizing variables (early onset behavioral problems, primary psychopathy, moral disengagement, positive outcome expectancies for crime, and lack of consideration for others). These findings suggest that while animal cruelty correlates with a wide range of family context and externalizing variables, it may serve as a marker of violent and nonviolent offending by virtue of its position on the proactive subdimension of the externalizing spectrum. © The Author(s) 2014.

  12. Evaluation of the adjudicated incest cases in Turkey: difficulties in notification of incestuous relationships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunduz, Tarık; Karbeyaz, Kenan; Ayranci, Unal

    2011-03-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and evaluation of the adjudicated incest cases in the heavy penal court in a province of western Turkey. The court files of 65 incest cases during a 10-year period between 1999 and 2008 were explored. When compared to those who lived in cities, the cases who lived in rural areas, such as villages or towns, had been exposed to penetration more frequently (94.3% and 70.0%, respectively, p<0.01). For the cases where the victim and perpetrator lived in the same house, the accused were generally members of the nuclear family (p<0.001). When compared to those who had not been exposed to penetration, most of those who had been exposed to it were determined to apply later (after 10 days) to judicial institutions (77.8%, p<0.01). The education and awareness of persons, such as teachers and physicians, who may confront incestuous relationships rather frequently are very important in the protection of children and in their adaptation to society. © 2011 American Academy of Forensic Sciences.

  13. The inaccuracy of patient recall for COPD exacerbation rate estimation and its implications: results from central adjudication

    OpenAIRE

    Frei, Anja; Siebeling, Lara; Wolters, Callista; Held, Leonhard; Muggensturm, Patrick; Strassmann, Alexandra; Zoller, Marco; Ter Riet, Gerben; Puhan, Milo A

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: COPD exacerbation incidence rates are often ascertained retrospectively through patient recall and self-reports. We compared exacerbation ascertainment through patient self-reports and single-physician chart review to central adjudication by a committee and explored determinants and consequences of misclassification. METHODS: Self-reported exacerbations (event-based definition) in 409 primary care patients with COPD participating in the International Collaborative Effort on Chr...

  14. Cardiovascular adverse events in the drug-development program of bupropion for smoking cessation: A systematic retrospective adjudication effort.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kittle, Jessie; Lopes, Renato D; Huang, Mingyan; Marquess, Marsha L; Wilson, Matthew D; Ascher, John; Krishen, Alok; Hasselblad, Vic; Kolls, Brad J; Roe, Matthew T; McGuire, Darren K; Russell, Stuart D; Mahaffey, Kenneth W

    2017-10-01

    In 2011, the US Food and Drug Administration requested that GlaxoSmithKline perform retrospective adjudication of cardiovascular (CV) events reported in the bupropion drug-development trials for smoking cessation. Retrospective adjudication of clinical trial data will not increase the identification of adverse events. We performed a comprehensive retrospective analysis of adverse events in 19 previously completed controlled US clinical trials of bupropion marketed for the treatment of smoking cessation, yielding 9479 subjects (5290 bupropion, 2927 placebo, 1018 active control [ACT], and 244 treated concurrently with bupropion and ACT). All adverse events were sent to the Duke Clinical Research Institute for adjudication by Clinical Events Classification (CEC) physician reviewers. The primary endpoint was a composite of major adverse CV events: CV death, nonfatal myocardial infarction (MI), and nonfatal stroke. Overall, 416 nonfatal CV events in 366 subjects, and 22 deaths, were identified and processed for adjudication. Of these, 7 nonfatal MIs (4 bupropion, 3 placebo, 0 ACT), 5 nonfatal strokes (1 bupropion, 3 placebo, 1 ACT), and 9 CV deaths (4 bupropion, 4 placebo, 1 ACT) were confirmed by the CEC Committee. The primary endpoint occurred in 3/4297 (0.07%) subjects in the bupropion group and in 4/2927 (0.14%) subjects in the placebo group (log-rank P value: 0.613). CV events in bupropion clinical trials for smoking cessation were uncommon, with no observed increase among subjects assigned to bupropion vs placebo. However, this effort was limited by a paucity of quality data. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  15. Agreement on cause of death between proxies, death certificates, and clinician adjudicators in the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halanych, Jewell H; Shuaib, Faisal; Parmar, Gaurav; Tanikella, Rajasekhar; Howard, Virginia J; Roth, David L; Prineas, Ronald J; Safford, Monika M

    2011-06-01

    Death certificates may lack accuracy and misclassify the cause of death. The validity of proxy-reported cause of death is not well established. The authors examined death records on 336 participants in the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Study, a national cohort study of 30,239 community-dwelling US adults (2003-2010). Trained experts used study data, medical records, death certificates, and proxy reports to adjudicate causes of death. The authors computed agreement on cause of death from the death certificate, proxy, and adjudication, as well as sensitivity and specificity for certain diseases. Adjudicated cause of death had a higher rate of agreement with proxy reports (73%; Cohen's kappa (κ) statistic = 0.69) than with death certificates (61%; κ = 0.54). The agreement between proxy reports and adjudicators was better than agreement with death certificates for all disease-specific causes of death. Using the adjudicator assessments as the "gold standard," for disease-specific causes of death, proxy reports had similar or higher specificity and higher sensitivity (sensitivity = 50%-89%) than death certificates (sensitivity = 31%-81%). Proxy reports may be more concordant with adjudicated causes of death than with the causes of death listed on death certificates. In many settings, proxy reports may represent a better strategy for determining cause of death than reliance on death certificates.

  16. The Inaccuracy of Patient Recall for COPD Exacerbation Rate Estimation and Its Implications: Results from Central Adjudication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frei, Anja; Siebeling, Lara; Wolters, Callista; Held, Leonhard; Muggensturm, Patrick; Strassmann, Alexandra; Zoller, Marco; Ter Riet, Gerben; Puhan, Milo A

    2016-10-01

    COPD exacerbation incidence rates are often ascertained retrospectively through patient recall and self-reports. We compared exacerbation ascertainment through patient self-reports and single-physician chart review to central adjudication by a committee and explored determinants and consequences of misclassification. Self-reported exacerbations (event-based definition) in 409 primary care patients with COPD participating in the International Collaborative Effort on Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease: Exacerbation Risk Index Cohorts (ICE COLD ERIC) cohort were ascertained every 6 months over 3 years. Exacerbations were adjudicated by single experienced physicians and an adjudication committee who had information from patient charts. We assessed the accuracy (sensitivities and specificities) of self-reports and single-physician chart review against a central adjudication committee (AC) (reference standard). We used multinomial logistic regression and bootstrap stability analyses to explore determinants of misclassifications. The AC identified 648 exacerbations, corresponding to an incidence rate of 0.60 ± 0.83 exacerbations/patient-year and a cumulative incidence proportion of 58.9%. Patients self-reported 841 exacerbations (incidence rate, 0.75 ± 1.01; incidence proportion, 59.7%). The sensitivity and specificity of self-reports were 84% and 76%, respectively, those of single-physician chart review were between 89% and 96% and 87% and 99%, respectively. The multinomial regression model and bootstrap selection showed that having experienced more exacerbations was the only factor consistently associated with underreporting and overreporting of exacerbations (underreporters: relative risk ratio [RRR], 2.16; 95% CI, 1.76-2.65 and overreporters: RRR, 1.67; 95% CI, 1.39-2.00). Patient 6-month recall of exacerbation events are inaccurate. This may lead to inaccurate estimates of incidence measures and underestimation of treatment effects. The use of multiple

  17. The cross-cultural generalizability of the Psychopathy Checklist: Youth version for adjudicated indigenous youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCuish, Evan C; Mathesius, Jeffrey R; Lussier, Patrick; Corrado, Raymond R

    2018-02-01

    There is a paucity of Indigenous-specific research examining the reliability and validity of assessment tools routinely utilized within the justice system. Evaluating the cross-cultural reliability and validity of such tools is important for establishing generalizability as part of ethical practices; this is particularly important to address within Canada's Indigenous youth population because of longstanding effects of colonization, structural adversities, and overrepresentation in the youth justice system and the possible long-term impact of improper assessment on adult outcomes. A step toward this aim was undertaken in the current study by comparing scale reliability, structural validity, measurement invariance, and predictive validity of the Psychopathy Checklist: Youth Version (PCL:YV) across Indigenous (n = 137) and White (n = 312) adjudicated youth. Polychoric ordinal alpha values indicated that PCL:YV test score scale reliability was high for both Indigenous and White youth. Confirmatory factor analyses demonstrated that a 3-factor and 4-factor model provided acceptable-to-good fit for the full sample, and an examination of configural, metric, and scalar measurement invariance illustrated that both factor structures fit the subsamples equally well. PCL:YV test scores were also moderately associated with measures of different offending outcomes and performed similarly across White and Indigenous participants. Overall, support was found for the use of the PCL:YV within Indigenous youth, including its use in conjunction with other risk factors and assessment tools to guide risk assessment decisions for this group. The importance of cross-cultural research and directions for future research are discussed. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2018 APA, all rights reserved).

  18. Adjudicated morbidity and mortality outcomes by age among individuals with HIV infection on suppressive antiretroviral therapy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher J Miller

    Full Text Available Non-AIDS conditions such as cardiovascular disease and non-AIDS defining cancers dominate causes of morbidity and mortality among persons with HIV on suppressive combination antiretroviral therapy. Accurate estimates of disease incidence and of risk factors for these conditions are important in planning preventative efforts.With use of medical records, serious non-AIDS events, AIDS events, and causes of death were adjudicated using pre-specified criteria by an Endpoint Review Committee in two large international trials. Rates of serious non-AIDS which include cardiovascular disease, end-stage renal disease, decompensated liver disease, and non-AIDS cancer, and other serious (grade 4 adverse events were determined, overall and by age, over a median follow-up of 4.3 years for 3,570 participants with CD4+ cell count ≥300 cells/mm³ who were taking antiretroviral therapy and had an HIV RNA level ≤500 copies/mL. Cox models were used to examine the effect of age and other baseline factors on risk of a composite outcome of all-cause mortality, AIDS, or serious non-AIDS.Five-year Kaplan-Meier estimates of the composite outcome, overall and by age were 8.3% (overall, 3.6% (<40, 8.7% (40-49 and 16.1% (≥50, respectively (p<0.001. In addition to age, smoking and higher levels of interleukin-6 and D-dimer were significant predictors of the composite outcome. The composite outcome was dominated by serious non-AIDS events (overall 65% of 277 participants with a composite event. Most serious non-AIDS events were due to cardiovascular disease and non-AIDS cancers.To date, few large studies have carefully collected data on serious non-AIDS outcomes. Thus, reliable estimates of event rates are scarce. Data cited here, from a geographically diverse cohort, will be useful for planning studies of interventions aimed at reducing rates of serious non-AIDS events among people with HIV.

  19. Reforming the South African Social Security Adjudication System: Innovative Experiences from South African Non-Social Security Jurisdictions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mathias Ashu Tako Nyenti

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available There is currently no uniform social security dispute resolution system in South Africa due to the piecemeal fashion in which schemes were established or protection against individual risks regulated. The result is that each statute provides for its own dispute resolution institution(s and processes. There are also various gaps and challenges in the current social security dispute resolution systems, some of these relating to the uncoordinated and fragmented nature of the system; inaccessibility of some social security institutions; inappropriateness of some current appeal institutions; the lack of a systematic approach in establishing appeal institutions; a limited scope of jurisdiction and powers of adjudication institutions; inconsistencies in review and/or appeal provisions in various laws; an unavailability of alternative dispute resolution procedures; and an absence of institutional independence of adjudication institutions or forums. The system is therefore in need of reform. In developing an appropriate system, much can be learned from innovative experiences in comparative South African non-social security jurisdictions on the establishment of effective and efficient dispute resolution frameworks. Dispute resolution systems in the labour relations, business competition regulation and consumer protection jurisdictions have been established to realise the constitutional rights of their users (especially the rights of access to justice, to a fair trial and to just administrative action. They thus provide a benchmark for the development of the South African social security dispute resolution system.

  20. Use of endpoint adjudication to improve the quality and validity of endpoint assessment for medical device development and post marketing evaluation: Rationale and best practices. A report from the cardiac safety research consortium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seltzer, Jonathan H; Heise, Ted; Carson, Peter; Canos, Daniel; Hiatt, Jo Carol; Vranckx, Pascal; Christen, Thomas; Cutlip, Donald E

    2017-08-01

    This white paper provides a summary of presentations, discussions and conclusions of a Thinktank entitled "The Role of Endpoint Adjudication in Medical Device Clinical Trials". The think tank was cosponsored by the Cardiac Safety Research Committee, MDEpiNet and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and was convened at the FDA's White Oak headquarters on March 11, 2016. Attention was focused on tailoring best practices for evaluation of endpoints in medical device clinical trials, practical issues in endpoint adjudication of therapeutic, diagnostic, biomarker and drug-device combinations, and the role of adjudication in regulatory and reimbursement issues throughout the device lifecycle. Attendees included representatives from medical device companies, the FDA, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), end point adjudication specialist groups, clinical research organizations, and active, academically based adjudicators. The manuscript presents recommendations from the think tank regarding (1) rationale for when adjudication is appropriate, (2) best practices establishment and operation of a medical device adjudication committee and (3) the role of endpoint adjudication for post market evaluation in the emerging era of real world evidence. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  1. Generic drug discount programs: are prescriptions being submitted for pharmacy benefit adjudication?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tungol, Alexandra; Starner, Catherine I; Gunderson, Brent W; Schafer, Jeremy A; Qiu, Yang; Gleason, Patrick P

    2012-01-01

      In 2006, pharmacies began offering select generic prescription drugs at discount prices (e.g., $4 for a 30-day supply) through nonmembership and membership programs. As part of the contract in membership generic drug discount programs, the member agrees to forgo submission of the claim to the insurance company. Claims not submitted for insurance adjudication may result in incomplete pharmacy benefit manager (PBM) and health plan data, which could negatively influence adherence reporting and clinical programs. To address potentially missing claims data, the Centers for Medicare Medicaid Services (CMS) encourages Medicare Part D sponsors to incentivize network pharmacies to submit claims directly to the plan for drugs dispensed outside of a member's Part D benefit, unless a member refuses. The extent of PBM and health plan claims capture loss due to generic drug discount programs is unknown. To identify changes in levothyroxine utilizers' prescription claims capture rate following the advent of generic drug discount membership and nonmembership programs. This retrospective concurrent cohort study used claims data from 3.5 million commercially insured members enrolled in health plans located in the central and southern United States with Prime Therapeutics pharmacy benefit coverage. Members were required to be 18 years or older and younger than 60 years as of January 1, 2006, and continuously enrolled from January 1, 2006, through December 31, 2010. Members utilizing generic levothyroxine for at least 120 days during January 1, 2006, through June 30, 2006 (baseline period) from the same pharmacy group with supply on July 1, 2006, were placed into 1 of 3 pharmacy groups: (1) nonmembership (Walmart, Sam's Club, Target, Kroger, City Market, and King Soopers pharmacies), (2) membership (Walgreens, CVS, Albertsons, and Savon pharmacies), or (3) the reference group of all other pharmacies. The index date was defined as July 1, 2006. The levothyroxine claim providing

  2. Effects of School-Based Risk and Protective Factors on Treatment Success Among Youth Adjudicated of a Sexual Crime.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoder, Jamie R; Hansen, Jesse; Ruch, Donna; Hodge, Ashleigh

    2016-04-01

    Youth with sexually problematic behaviors are impacted by the reciprocal interplay between individual characteristics and the key social and ecological systems in which they are embedded. The paucity of research on protective factors mitigating risks within various socioecological systems is of concern, as the school is one such system that has been overlooked. This study retroactively investigated probation files among youth who were adjudicated of a sexual crime (N = 85) to determine how school-level variables are associated with treatment completion. A sequential logistical regression model revealed reduced odds for school-based risk factors and a greater proportion of variance explained when school-based protective factors were included. Implications and research considerations are discussed.

  3. The Influence of Reflective Opposite-Sex Norms and Importance of Opposite-Sex Approval on Adjudicated Student Drinking: Theoretical Extensions and Implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hummer, Justin F.; LaBrie, Joseph W.; Lac, Andrew; Louie, Brian

    2013-01-01

    This study examines the salience and influence of reflective norms regarding opposite- sex friends, dating, and sexual partners on drinking behaviors of heterosexual college students sanctioned for violating the campus alcohol policy (i.e., adjudicated students). Results revealed that the level of importance placed on approval from the opposite…

  4. Rate of adjudication of radiological progression in rheumatoid arthritis randomized controlled trials depending on preset limits of agreement: a pooled analysis from 15 randomized trials

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Navarro-Compán, Victoria; Landewé, Robert; Ahmad, Harris A.; Miller, Colin G.; Xu, Dong; Wolterbeek, Ron; van der Heijde, Désirée

    2013-01-01

    Methods. Fifteen datasets from RCTs in RA were scored by 13 experienced readers as pairs according to the modified Sharp-van der Heijde method. The theoretical adjudication rates for thresholds of between 3 and 20 units were calculated. We investigated the influence of the number of time points

  5. From Disparity to Harmonisation of Construction Industry Payment Legislation in Australia: A Proposal for a Dual Process of Adjudication based upon Size of Progress Payment Claim

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeremy Coggins

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Since the introduction of the Building and Construction Industry Security of Payment Act into New South Wales in 1999, construction industry payment legislation has progressively been enacted on a jurisdiction-by-jurisdiction basis throughout Australia. Of the eight Australian Acts, two distinct legislative models can be discerned – what have been termed the ‘East Coast’ and ‘West Coast’ models. This article compares the two models with respect to their payment systems and adjudication schemes, procedural justice afforded, incursion upon freedom of contract, uptake rates and efficiency. From this comparison, the strengths and weaknesses of the two models are identified. Finally, a dual process of adjudication based on progress payment claim size is proposed for a harmonised model, developed from previous proposals put forward by other authors, which aims to combine the strengths of the two existing models.

  6. Treatment of obsessive morbid jealousy with cognitive analytic therapy: An adjudicated hermeneutic single-case efficacy design evaluation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curling, Louise; Kellett, Stephen; Totterdell, Peter; Parry, Glenys; Hardy, Gillian; Berry, Katherine

    2018-03-01

    The evidence base for the treatment of morbid jealousy with integrative therapies is thin. This study explored the efficacy of cognitive analytic therapy (CAT). An adjudicated hermeneutic single-case efficacy design evaluated the cognitive analytic treatment of a patient meeting diagnostic criteria for obsessive morbid jealousy. A rich case record was developed using a matrix of nomothetic and ideographic quantitative and qualitative outcomes. This record was then debated by sceptic and affirmative research teams. Experienced psychotherapy researchers acted as judges, assessed the original case record, and heard the affirmative-versus-sceptic debate. Judges pronounced an opinion regarding the efficacy of the therapy. The efficacy of CAT was supported by all three judges. Each ruled that change had occurred due to the action of the therapy, beyond any level of reasonable doubt. This research demonstrates the potential usefulness of CAT in treating morbid jealousy and suggests that CAT is conceptually well suited. Suggestions for future clinical and research directions are provided. The relational approach of CAT makes it a suitable therapy for morbid jealousy. The narrative reformulation component of CAT appears to facilitate early change in chronic jealousy patterns. It is helpful for therapists during sessions to use CAT theory to diagrammatically spell out the patterns maintaining jealousy. © 2017 The British Psychological Society.

  7. Inflammatory bowel disease among patients with psoriasis treated with ixekizumab: A presentation of adjudicated data from an integrated database of 7 randomized controlled and uncontrolled trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reich, Kristian; Leonardi, Craig; Langley, Richard G; Warren, Richard B; Bachelez, Hervé; Romiti, Ricardo; Ohtsuki, Mamitaro; Xu, Wen; Acharya, Nayan; Solotkin, Kathleen; Colombel, Jean-Frederic; Hardin, Dana S

    2017-03-01

    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) occurs more frequently in patients with psoriasis. The 2 diseases have significant genetic overlap, but the pathogenesis underlying their co-occurrence is unknown. We sought to report adjudicated IBD cases (Crohn's disease [CD] and ulcerative colitis [UC]) in patients exposed to ixekizumab, a high-affinity monoclonal antibody that selectively targets interleukin-17A. Adverse events (AEs) integrated from 7 randomized controlled and uncontrolled trials were analyzed for the controlled induction period, controlled maintenance period, and all ixekizumab-treated patients. Suspected IBD cases were reviewed by blinded external experts using internationally recognized criteria (Registre Epidemiologique des Maladies de l'Appareil Digestif registry). In all, 4209 patients (6480 patient-exposure years) were exposed to ixekizumab. Suspected CD (N = 12) or UC (N = 17) AEs were reported; 19 were adjudicated as definite/probable IBD (CD, N = 7, incidence rate = 1.1/1000 patient-exposure years; UC, N = 12, incidence rate = 1.9/1000 patient-exposure years). Among these, 3 occurred during induction (CD, N = 1; UC, N = 2) and 7 during maintenance (CD, N = 4; UC, N = 3). Twelve of 16 patients with reported IBD history have not had an IBD treatment-emergent AE/serious AE to date. Clinical review (adjudication) was not prespecified. AE data collected post-hoc may have been limited by length of time from occurrence. From an integrated database of 7 ixekizumab psoriasis trials, CD and UC cases were uncommon (<1%). Copyright © 2016 American Academy of Dermatology, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. constitutional adjudication in ethiopia

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    eliasn

    2000-01-25

    Jan 25, 2000 ... tion of power and resources but also for the accommodation of the different groups into the political process by ..... preferred to the statute, the intention of the people to the intention of their agents.' ... Thus the federal government and the states have influence on the selection of the judges of the Court.

  9. Procurement Adjudication and the Rights of Children: Freedom Stationery (Pty Ltd v MEC for Education, Eastern Cape 2011 JOL 26927 (E

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Couzens

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Children are heavily reliant on the services provided by the government and irregularities in public procurement processes are bound to affect the realisation of children's rights. In the Freedom Stationery (Pty Ltd v The Member of the Executive Council for Education, Eastern Cape the Court was urged by the Centre for Child Law acting as an amicus curiae to consider children's right to education and their best interests when deciding on an interim interdict which would result in a delay in the provision of stationery to several schools in the Eastern Cape. This case note contains a summary of the case, some comments on the court's approach to the rights of children in procurement adjudication, and an assessment of the significance of the case for the development of children's rights in South Africa.

  10. Analysis of 44 Cases before the Landlord and Tenant Board Involving Bed Bug Infestations in Ontario, Canada: Focus on Adjudicator Decisions Based on Entomological/Pest Management Evidence and Accountability under the Residential Tenancy Act and Other Applicable Legislation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sam Bryks

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available The resurgence of bed bugs in major urban centres in North America has resulted in conflict between landlords and tenants. This is commonly focused on attribution of blame for source of infestation, on responsibility, on costs for preparation, treatment and losses, and for compensation as rent abatement and/or alternative temporary housing. In Ontario, Canada, these issues are often decided by adjudicators at the Landlord and Tenant Board hearing claims, counter-claims and defense by legal representation (lawyers and paralegals as well as through mediation. Evidence in these hearings may include photographs, invoices for costs as well as testimony by tenants, landlords and “expert witnesses” who are most often pest control firms representing their landlord clients. A total of 44 Landlord and Tenant Board adjudicated cases available online were analyzed. The analysis included elements of the decisions such as adjudicator, claimant (landlord or tenant, basis of claim, review of evidence, amount of claim, amount awarded, and evaluation of the quality of the evidence. The results of the analysis of these findings are discussed. Recommendations for improvement of adjudicator decisions on the basis of knowledge of bed bug biology and Integrated Pest Management best practices are presented as well as the importance of education of tenants and landlords to a process of mutual trust, support and accountability.

  11. Analysis of 44 Cases before the Landlord and Tenant Board Involving Bed Bug Infestations in Ontario, Canada: Focus on Adjudicator Decisions Based on Entomological/Pest Management Evidence and Accountability under the Residential Tenancy Act and Other Applicable Legislation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryks, Sam

    2011-01-01

    The resurgence of bed bugs in major urban centres in North America has resulted in conflict between landlords and tenants. This is commonly focused on attribution of blame for source of infestation, on responsibility, on costs for preparation, treatment and losses, and for compensation as rent abatement and/or alternative temporary housing. In Ontario, Canada, these issues are often decided by adjudicators at the Landlord and Tenant Board hearing claims, counter-claims and defense by legal representation (lawyers and paralegals) as well as through mediation. Evidence in these hearings may include photographs, invoices for costs as well as testimony by tenants, landlords and “expert witnesses” who are most often pest control firms representing their landlord clients. A total of 44 Landlord and Tenant Board adjudicated cases available online were analyzed. The analysis included elements of the decisions such as adjudicator, claimant (landlord or tenant), basis of claim, review of evidence, amount of claim, amount awarded, and evaluation of the quality of the evidence. The results of the analysis of these findings are discussed. Recommendations for improvement of adjudicator decisions on the basis of knowledge of bed bug biology and Integrated Pest Management best practices are presented as well as the importance of education of tenants and landlords to a process of mutual trust, support and accountability. PMID:26467732

  12. Comparison of Expert Adjudicated Coronary Heart Disease and Cardiovascular Disease Mortality With the National Death Index: Results From the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olubowale, Olusola Tope; Safford, Monika M; Brown, Todd M; Durant, Raegan W; Howard, Virginia J; Gamboa, Christopher; Glasser, Stephen P; Rhodes, J David; Levitan, Emily B

    2017-05-03

    The National Death Index (NDI) is widely used to detect coronary heart disease (CHD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) deaths, but its reliability has not been examined recently. We compared CHD and CVD deaths detected by NDI with expert adjudication of 4010 deaths that occurred between 2003 and 2013 among participants in the REGARDS (REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke) cohort of black and white adults in the United States. NDI derived CHD mortality had sensitivity 53.6%, specificity 90.3%, positive predictive value 54.2%, and negative predictive value 90.1%. NDI-derived CVD mortality had sensitivity 73.4%, specificity 84.5%, positive predictive value 70.6%, and negative predictive value 86.2%. Among NDI-derived CHD and CVD deaths, older age (odds ratios, 1.06 and 1.04 per 1-year increase) was associated with a higher probability of disagreement with the adjudicated cause of death, whereas among REGARDS adjudicated CHD and CVD deaths a history of CHD or CVD was associated with a lower probability of disagreement with the NDI-derived causes of death (odds ratios, 0.59 and 0.67, respectively). The modest accuracy and differential performance of NDI-derived cause of death may impact CHD and CVD mortality statistics. © 2017 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley.

  13. The judgment of the European Court of human rights in Maktouf and Damjanovic, and its impact on adjudication of international crimes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Babić Miloš

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the legal rules governing the time limits of application of criminal legislation in adjudicating international crimes before the courts in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The author points out to the existence of two different criminal law regimes which are used against the criminal offenders: the first one is used by the courts of the B&H Entities and the Brčko District, where these rules are applied consistently and the criminal offenders are awarded prison sentences within the penal framework envisaged in earlier criminal codes, including the so-called interim laws; the second one is applied by the Court of Bosnia and Herzegovina which, in compliance with the B&H Criminal Code of 2003, may award long-term imprisonment of up to 45 years for the commission of these criminal offences even though this penalty did not exist in the B&H criminal law at the time when the acts were committed. In particular, the paper focuses on the legal issue arising from the European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR judgment in Maktouf and Damjanovic vs. Bosnia and Herzegovina (18 July 2013, where the Court established a violation of Article 7, paragraph 1 of the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR. The author discusses the common standpoint that the judgment removed all misunderstandings concerning the application of these rules; considering that such conception is unjustified, the author identifies a number of other outstanding problems which occurred in the application of these rules after rendering the above judgment. The author specifically considered the criminal provision on Crimes against Humanity as envisaged in Article 172 of the B&H Criminal Code, which the B&H Court regards as a new criminal offence which is envisaged in Article 7, paragraph 2 of the ECHR. The author believes that such application of this criminal offence is unjustified. Upon providing an analysis of the elements of crime constituting the legal nature of this criminal

  14. The Rules of an Occupational Retirement Fund and the Problem of Defaulting Employers: A Reconsideration of Orion Money Purchase Pension Fund (SA v Pension Funds Adjudicator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thulani Nkosi

    2016-12-01

    Orion Money Purchase Pension Fund (SA v Pension Funds Adjudicator is challenged. The case is authority for the principle that the only available remedy to an employee who has been cheated out of retirement fund benefits owing to the employer's failure to make fund contributions is one that compels the fund to calculate those outstanding contributions and demand that total sum from the employer. For various reasons this does not address the problem of defaulting employers, which can be addressed only by properly enforcing the Pension Funds Act and also consistently subjecting the rules to the Act in cases of disputes.

  15. Limitation of Socio-Economic Rights in the 2010 Kenyan Constitution: A Proposal for the Adoption of a Proportionality Approach in the Judicial Adjudication of Socio-Economic Rights Disputes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicholas Wasonga Orago

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available On 27 August 2010 Kenya adopted a transformative Constitution with the objective of fighting poverty and inequality as well as improving the standards of living of all people in Kenya. One of the mechanisms in the 2010 Constitution aimed at achieving this egalitarian transformation is the entrenchment of justiciable socio-economic rights (SERs, an integral part of the Bill of Rights. The entrenched SERs require the State to put in place a legislative, policy and programmatic framework to enhance the realisation of its constitutional obligations to respect, protect and fulfill these rights for all Kenyans. These SER obligations, just like any other fundamental human rights obligations, are, however, not absolute and are subject to legitimate limitation by the State. Two approaches have been used in international and comparative national law jurisprudence to limit SERs: the proportionality approach, using a general limitation clause that has found application in international and regional jurisprudence on the one hand; and the reasonableness approach, using internal limitations contained in the standard of progressive realisation, an approach that has found application in the SER jurisprudence of the South African Courts, on the other hand. This article proposes that if the entrenched SERs are to achieve their transformative objectives, Kenyan courts must adopt a proportionality approach in the judicial adjudication of SER disputes. This proposal is based on the reasoning that for the entrenched SERs to have a substantive positive impact on the lives of the Kenyan people, any measure by the government aimed at their limitation must be subjected to strict scrutiny by the courts, a form of scrutiny that can be achieved only by using the proportionality standard entrenched in the article 24 general limitation clause.

  16. Disability Case Adjudication and Review System

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — DICARS is the legacy system supporting business processes in the Disability Quality Branches (DQBs). It supports quality reviews of DDS disability determinations....

  17. adjudication and arbitrability of government construction disputes

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    eliasn

    the principle of confidentiality in international commercial arbitration cou- pled with their sensitivity to the reputation .... where the contract is in the nature of an administrative contract. [Emphasis supplied]. The scope of ..... Design and Supervision of Construction Works (The January1990 edition). It can nevertheless be easily ...

  18. PROCUREMENT ADJUDICATION AND THE RIGHTS OF ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    UKZN

    In the last few years there has been increasing interest in the process of public procurement. The emphasis is often on the flaws of the tender processes, such as corruption and disregard for the rule of law, and there is seldom sufficient attention paid to the consequences of the flawed tenders on the rights of the beneficiaries ...

  19. Immigration Adjudication Reform: The Case for Automation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-01

    Administration NBTA Global Business Travel Association NCIC National Crime Information Center NPRM Notice of Public Rule Making NRO National...Administration. Secure Flight: Your Safety is Our Priority. As presented at the National Business Travel Association International Conference and Expo... Business Travel Association (GBTA) Conference, April 22, 2009. http://www.gbta.org/Lists/Resource%20Library/NBTAWebinar_SecureFlight.pdf . 31

  20. Civil and Constitutional Rights of Adjudicated Youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landess, Jacqueline

    2016-01-01

    Mental health clinicians serving child and adolescent patients are frequently asked to evaluate youth who have been arrested for various offenses or who are otherwise involved with the juvenile justice system. To help orient clinicians and other stakeholders involved with such cases, this article describes the evolution of the juvenile justice system and summarizes the history and current status of the civil and constitutional rights of youth involved in the adjudicatory process. This article also points out key areas in which due process rights are still evolving, particularly in the case of status offenders. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  1. Adjudication and Aribitrability of Government Construction Contracts ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The former laws apply where a private individual or company usually referred to as 'employer' (otherwise known as 'owner' or 'client') enters into a construction contract with a contractor. And the latter involves a government department which intends to have construction works carried out on behalf of the government for ...

  2. 77 FR 7115 - Committee on Adjudication

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-10

    .... Benson (New York Law School) and Russell Wheeler (The Governance Institute and Brookings Institution) for... B. Benson (New York Law School) and Russell Wheeler (The Governance Institute and the Brookings... ``in whole or part by * * * the Internet''). Committee members will discuss the research report by...

  3. 32 CFR 147.2 - Adjudicative process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...: Foreign preference. (4) Guideline D: Sexual behavior. (5) Guideline E: Personal conduct. (6) Guideline F...) Guideline I: Emotional, mental, and personality disorders. (10) Guideline J: Criminal conduct. (11...

  4. Administrative review process for adjudicating initial disability claims. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-03-31

    The Social Security Administration is committed to providing the high quality of service the American people expect and deserve. In light of the significant growth in the number of disability claims and the increased complexity of those claims, the need to make substantial changes in our disability determination process has become urgent. We are publishing a final rule that amends our administrative review process for applications for benefits that are based on whether you are disabled under title II of the Social Security Act (the Act), or applications for supplemental security income (SSI) payments that are based on whether you are disabled or blind under title XVI of the Act. We expect that this final rule will improve the accuracy, consistency, and timeliness of decision-making throughout the disability determination process.

  5. Procurement Adjudication and the Rights of Children: Freedom ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Children are heavily reliant on the services provided by the government and irregularities in public procurement processes are bound to affect the realisation of children's rights. In the Freedom Stationery (Pty) Ltd v The Member of the Executive Council for Education, Eastern Cape the Court was urged by the Centre for ...

  6. The Elusive Search for Accountability: Evaluating Adjudicative Tribunals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorne Sossin

    2010-10-01

    Quoique les gouvernements demandent de plus en plus à de tels tribunaux de rendre compte, trop souvent, ceci se réduit à la publication de statistiques sur le nombre de cas traités, leurs dispositions, les budgets et le personnel. Une question différente et plus fondamentale nous intéresse – ces tribunaux réussissent-ils? Comment savons-nous, par exemple, si les recours ordonnés par un tribunal font en fait avancer les objectifs pour lesquels il a été créé? Le succès d’un tribunal qui tranche des litiges peut-il faire l’objet de validation empirique signifiante? Quoique les questions d’évaluation et du devoir de rendre compte traversent des frontières entre nations et champs de compétence, les auteurs soutiennent que ce genre de question ne peut être traité qu’empiriquement, en examinant en fait les pratiques d’un conseil ou de conseils particuliers, dans le contexte d’une loi ou de lois particulières et dans des sphères de compétence particulières à des moments particuliers. De tels comptes rendus peuvent et devraient constituer la base d’étude comparative. Seule l’étude comparative peut faire ressortir la valeur et les limites d’une méthodologie particulière. L’étude de cas choisie pour la présente étude est le rôle de tribunaux qui tranchent des litiges dans le système de santé. Les auteurs puisent surtout dans l’expérience de tribunaux canadiens, quoique des exemples tirés d’autres territoires de compétence soient utilisés pour démontrer le potentiel de l’évaluation empirique. Les auteurs discutent de la pénurie relative d’étude empirique dans le domaine du droit administratif et soutiennent que là devrait être le point central de la discussion du devoir de rendre compte dans le domaine de la justice administrative.

  7. Does the South African Pension Funds Adjudicator perform an ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Law, Democracy & Development. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 20 (2016) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  8. Current Suicide Proneness and Past Suicidal Behavior in Adjudicated Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Jennifer; Lamis, Dorian A.

    2008-01-01

    Youth recently assigned to probation (n = 233) were assessed for current suicide proneness, depression, and hopelessness, as well as for recent suicide ideation, previous suicide ideation, or suicide attempt(s). The Life Attitudes Schedule-Short Form (LAS-SF) was used to assess suicide proneness. As per the LAS-SF, suicide proneness was defined…

  9. 78 FR 18365 - Commencement of Iraq Claims Adjudication Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-26

    ..., are defined as: claims of U.S. nationals for compensation for serious personal injuries knowingly... Agreement for claims of hostage-taking \\2\\ provided that (1) the claimant has already received compensation... warranting additional compensation. For purposes of this referral, ``serious personal injury'' may include...

  10. 78 FR 29618 - Rules of Adjudication and Enforcement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-21

    ... during the production of electronically stored information. Accordingly, the Commission has also... of Cisco Systems, Inc., Dell Inc., Ford Motor Company, Hewlett-Packard Company, Intel Corporation, Micron Technology, Inc., and Toyota Motor Corporation and its U.S. subsidiary Toyota Motor Sales, U.S.A...

  11. 77 FR 60952 - Rules of General Application, Adjudication, and Enforcement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-05

    ... on the proposed amendments. If the Commission decides to proceed with this rulemaking after reviewing... promulgated by administrative law judges at the Commission; and analogous portions of the Federal Rules of... provides little guidance on when it would be appropriate for an administrative law judge to limit discovery...

  12. 76 FR 64803 - Rules of Adjudication and Enforcement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-19

    ... Commission has delegated the matter of public interest to the presiding administrative law judge (``ALJ... amendments to 210.12 was to gather information for the Commission to consider in deciding whether to refer... interest has been a factor in deciding whether to issue relief. Microsoft states that to the extent the...

  13. Constitutional adjudication in Ethiopia: Exploring the experience of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ethiopia has adopted a federal system de facto since 1991, and de jure since 1995 with a view to decentralizing power and resources from the center and to ... This article attempts to review the experience of the HoF ever since its establishment by assessing the relevant Ethiopian laws and the decisions of the HoF. With this ...

  14. Reforming the South African Social Security Adjudication System ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    There is currently no uniform social security dispute resolution system in South Africa due to the piecemeal fashion in which schemes were established or protection against individual risks regulated. The result is that each statute provides for its own dispute resolution institution(s) and processes. There are also various ...

  15. 76 FR 45337 - Rules of Practice for Adjudication Proceedings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-28

    ... form, as appropriate, and that the use of the masculine, feminine, or neuter gender shall, if... injustice. Severance, on the other hand, may be granted by the hearing officer only if he or she determines that undue prejudice or injustice would result from a consolidated proceeding and if such prejudice or...

  16. The Evolution of Adjudicative Guidelines in the Department of Defense

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    supreme.justia.com/us/360/474 Hadley, S.J. (2005, December 29). Memorandum for William Leonard, Director, Information Security Oversight Office from the...of Justice, Office of the Inspector General. (1997). A review of the FBI’s performance in uncovering the espionage activities of Aldrich Hazen Ames

  17. Academic Dishonesty: Behaviors, Sanctions, and Retention of Adjudicated College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olafson, Lori; Schraw, Gregory; Kehrwald, Nicholas

    2014-01-01

    Academic dishonesty, also known as academic misconduct, includes a variety of actions such as plagiarism, cheating on tests using text messaging or concealed notes, exchanging work with other students, buying essays from students or on the Internet, and having other students write examinations (Diekhoff, LaBeff, Shinohara, & Yasukawa, 1999;…

  18. The Legal Adjudication in the Hearing Process: A Methodological Proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fredy Hernando Toscano López

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The handling of cases by audience imposes an obligation to the judge to utter their awards during it. That is why is important to look for a methodological route that helps him in this task. These lines pretend to make a proposal based on the practical challenges of judges in audiences, so that the requirements of the judicial awards will be satisfied, especially their motivation.

  19. The adjudication of miracles: Rethinking the criteria of historicity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael R. Licona

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available This is the second article in a series of two that discusses whether historians are within their professional rights to investigate miracle claims. In the first, I made a positive case that they are and then proceeded to examine two major arguments in support of a negative verdict to the issue: the principle of analogy and antecedent probability. I argued that neither should deter historians from issuing a positive verdict on miracle claims when certain criteria are met and the event is the best explanation of the relevant historical bedrock. In this second article, I examine three additional objections commonly appealed to by biblical scholars: the theological objection, lack of consensus and miracle claims in multiple religions. The resurrection of Jesus is occasionally cited as an example.

  20. The Limits of International Adjudication: Authority and Resistance of Regional Economic Courts in Times of Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Caserta, Salvatore; Cebulak, Pola

    2018-01-01

    The article compares the involvement of four regional economic courts in legal disputes mirroring constitutional, political and social crises at national or regional level. These four judicial bodies of the European Union, the Andean Community, the East African Community and the Central American...... Integration System have all faced varied forms of resistance to their involvement and their general authority. By comparing these four case studies from across the globe, the article identifies institutional and contextual factors that explain the uneven resistance. While the regional economic courts...

  1. Comparison of central adjudication of outcomes and onsite outcome assessment on treatment effect estimates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ndounga Diakou, Lee A ymar; Trinquart, Ludovic; Hróbjartsson, Asbjørn

    2016-01-01

    subjective outcome event assessed by both an onsite assessor and an AC. DATA COLLECTION AND ANALYSIS: We extracted the odds ratio (OR) from onsite assessment and the corresponding OR from AC assessment and calculated the ratio of the odds ratios (ROR). A ratio of odds ratios ..., there was no difference in treatment effect estimates from onsite assessors and AC (combined ROR: 1.00, 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.97 to 1.04; I(2) = 0%, 47 RCTs). The combined ROR was 1.00 (95% CI 0.96 to 1.04; I(2) = 0%, 35 RCTs) when onsite assessors were blinded; 0.76 (95% CI 0.48 to 1.12, I(2) = 0%, two RCTs...

  2. The Principle of Effectiveness, Competition Law Remedies and the Limits of Adjudication

    OpenAIRE

    Lianos, I.

    2014-01-01

    The principle of effectiveness is closely related to the development of the emerging EU law on remedies. Its instrumental use has enabled the EU courts to restrict the principle of national procedural autonomy, when this was convenient in order to ensure the accomplishment of the aims set by EU competition law enforcement, and to establish EU-granted remedies, the most notable one being the right to claim competition law damages. The principle of effectiveness may also influence the design of...

  3. The Importance of Technical Reachback in the Adjudication of Radiation Alarms

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Buckley, W.M.; Allen, R.W.

    2009-01-01

    The large-scale deployment of radiation sensors at borders, ports-of-entry and other locations carries two disparate priorities: the reliable detection and identification of threat materials and the rapid characterization of non-threat materials comprised of naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) and legitimate radioactive materials in streams of commerce. These priorities are partially achieved through the technologies contained in the detection systems and the procedures developed for their operation. However, questions and ambiguities will occur. Without established capabilities and procedures for the operators of these detector systems to 'reach back' to trained spectroscopists and appropriate subject matter experts, the system will likely experience an unacceptable number of response operations and delays resolving alarms. Technical reachback operations need to be able to address the priorities discussed above while causing minimal perturbations in the flow of legitimate streams of commerce. Yet when necessary, reachback needs to be able to rapidly mobilize the appropriate response assets.

  4. International adjudication of global public goods: the intersection of substance and procedure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nollkaemper, A.

    2012-01-01

    This article, based on the non-controversial proposition that the way and degree in which international courts can contribute to the protection of a public good depends, in part, on the procedural law of such courts, sets out to expose the plurality of connections between procedure and substance.

  5. Transition Practices for Adjudicated Youth with E/BDs and Related Disabilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Heather Griller; Unruh, Deanne

    2010-01-01

    Reentry outcomes for formerly incarcerated youth are dismal. The challenges these youth face are even further intensified when they have learning or emotional and behavioral disabilities. Successful transition services need to be initiated in the correctional facility and continue in the community. This article discusses interventions designed to…

  6. 78 FR 23474 - Rules of General Application and Adjudication and Enforcement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-19

    ... has clarified that each notice for corporate designations would only count as one deposition... the wording of the rule as to what a consent order requires, i.e., a statement of the identity of... depending on the number of corporate representatives designated to respond to a Rule 30(b)(6) notice. AMS...

  7. New Technologies and Emerging Threats: Personnel Security Adjudicative Guidelines in the Age of Social Networking

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    or facilitate credit card fraud, bank fraud, identity fraud, or other fraud 16(a); 16(c) Download, buy, sell, transmit, or store nnauthorized...sexual behavior of a criminal nature, whether or not the individual has been prosecuted; 60 (b) a pattern of compulsive , self-destructive, or...transfers that cannot be explained by subject’s known legal sources of income; (i) compulsive or addictive gambling as indicated by an unsuccessful

  8. Adjudication Decision Support (ADS) System Automated Approval Estimates for NACLC Investigations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-05-01

    THIS STUDY Case 4 • Previous credit history: three 30 day late, one 60 day late, one 90 day late payments • Business travel : 20 between 1996 and...SECURITY CONCERN ACCORDING TO TWO PERSONNEL SECURITY EXPERTS EMPLOYED FOR THIS STUDY Case 398 • Business travel : One week trip to Israel (1998...Case 405 • Credit report: $668 past due • Collections/charge offs for $12,007 related to medical care Case 408 • Business travel : Nonitemized

  9. 77 FR 2011 - Reorganization of Regulations on the Adjudication of Department of Homeland Security Practitioner...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-13

    ... immigration judges) and the Board of Immigration Appeals (Board) into a single administrative agency within... allegations of practitioner misconduct occurring before EOIR and INS; however, EOIR's immigration judges... government'' rather than ``EOIR disciplinary counsel'' in Sec. 1003.105(d)(2), in light of the removal of the...

  10. Case-by-Case Adjudication and the Path of the Law

    OpenAIRE

    Anthony Niblett

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a model of judging, illustrating how case law evolves when two types of judges with different policy preferences decide cases narrowly. The model shows that case law is unlikely to reflect the midpoint of the judges' ideal points. The result challenges the conventional wisdom suggesting that balancing ideologically extreme judges will likely yield moderate laws. The model suggests that a centrist executive faced with a sitting extreme left-wing judge should appoint a moder...

  11. Adjudicating between face-coding models with individual-face fMRI responses.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan D Carlin

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The perceptual representation of individual faces is often explained with reference to a norm-based face space. In such spaces, individuals are encoded as vectors where identity is primarily conveyed by direction and distinctiveness by eccentricity. Here we measured human fMRI responses and psychophysical similarity judgments of individual face exemplars, which were generated as realistic 3D animations using a computer-graphics model. We developed and evaluated multiple neurobiologically plausible computational models, each of which predicts a representational distance matrix and a regional-mean activation profile for 24 face stimuli. In the fusiform face area, a face-space coding model with sigmoidal ramp tuning provided a better account of the data than one based on exemplar tuning. However, an image-processing model with weighted banks of Gabor filters performed similarly. Accounting for the data required the inclusion of a measurement-level population averaging mechanism that approximates how fMRI voxels locally average distinct neuronal tunings. Our study demonstrates the importance of comparing multiple models and of modeling the measurement process in computational neuroimaging.

  12. Comparison of Medicare claims versus physician adjudication for identifying stroke outcomes in the Women's Health Initiative.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lakshminarayan, Kamakshi; Larson, Joseph C; Virnig, Beth; Fuller, Candace; Allen, Norrina Bai; Limacher, Marian; Winkelmayer, Wolfgang C; Safford, Monika M; Burwen, Dale R

    2014-03-01

    Many studies use medical record review for ascertaining outcomes. One large, longitudinal study, the Women's Health Initiative (WHI), ascertains strokes using participant self-report and subsequent physician review of medical records. This is resource-intensive. Herein, we assess whether Medicare data can reliably assess stroke events in the WHI. Subjects were WHI participants with fee-for-service Medicare. Four stroke definitions were created for Medicare data using discharge diagnoses in hospitalization claims: definition 1, stroke codes in any position; definition 2, primary position stroke codes; and definitions 3 and 4, hemorrhagic and ischemic stroke codes, respectively. WHI data were randomly split into training (50%) and test sets. A concordance matrix was used to examine the agreement between WHI and Medicare stroke diagnosis. A WHI stroke and a Medicare stroke were considered a match if they occurred within ±7 days of each other. Refined analyses excluded Medicare events when medical records were unavailable for comparison. Training data consisted of 24 428 randomly selected participants. There were 577 WHI strokes and 557 Medicare strokes using definition 1. Of these, 478 were a match. With regard to algorithm performance, specificity was 99.7%, negative predictive value was 99.7%, sensitivity was 82.8%, positive predictive value was 85.8%, and κ=0.84. Performance was similar for test data. Whereas specificity and negative predictive value exceeded 99%, sensitivity ranged from 75% to 88% and positive predictive value ranged from 80% to 90% across stroke definitions. Medicare data seem useful for population-based stroke research; however, performance characteristics depend on the definition selected.

  13. 75 FR 30690 - Civil Penalty Inflation Adjustment for Commercial Space Adjudications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-02

    ... maximum civil penalty amounts for inflation to preserve their deterrent impact. Under these laws, each...-1240; Amendment No. 406-6] RIN 2120-AJ63 Civil Penalty Inflation Adjustment for Commercial Space... Federal Civil Penalties Inflation Adjustment Act of 1990, as amended by the Debt Collection Improvement...

  14. Adjudication of the Alleged Role of Vitamin D in the Antimicrobial Pathway

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerald M. Higa

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Dynamic interactions between microorganism and host have evolved in such a way that while microbial pathogens are the cause of many human infections, a symbiotic relationship is also known to exist. Another important anomaly is that exposure to pathogenic organisms does not necessarily result in development of clinical disease. The latter conclusion infers that susceptibility to infectious disease can be modified by host-related factors. Arguably the two most prominent factors are genetic variability and immunologic status of the exposed individual. Because of the Human Genome and the HapMap projects, developments in genotyping technology have brought the possibility of identifying associations between specific genetic alterations and common diseases closer to reality. In addition, a growing body of evidence suggests vitamin D has an important contributory role in the antimicrobial pathway.

  15. Surveillance versus clinical adjudication: differences persist with new ventilator-associated event definition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McMullen, Kathleen M; Boyer, Anthony F; Schoenberg, Noah; Babcock, Hilary M; Micek, Scott T; Kollef, Marin H

    2015-06-01

    The National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) has recently supported efforts to shift surveillance away from ventilator-associated pneumonia to ventilator-associated events (VAEs) to decrease subjectivity in surveillance and minimize concerns over clinical correlation. The goals of this study were to compare the results of an automated surveillance strategy using the new VAE definition with a prospectively performed clinical application of the definition. All patients ventilated for ≥2 days in a medical and surgical intensive care unit were evaluated by 2 methods: retrospective surveillance using an automated algorithm combined with manual chart review after the NHSN's VAE methodology and prospective surveillance by pulmonary physicians in collaboration with the clinical team administering care to the patient at the bedside. Overall, a similar number of events were called by each method (69 vs 67). Of the 1,209 patients, 56 were determined to have VAEs by both methods (κ = .81, P = .04). There were 24 patients considered to be a VAE by only 1 of the methods. Most discrepancies were the result of clinical disagreement with the NHSN's VAE methodology. There was good agreement between the study teams. Awareness of the limitations of the surveillance definition for VAE can help infection prevention personnel in discussions with critical care partners about optimal use of these data. Copyright © 2015 Association for Professionals in Infection Control and Epidemiology, Inc. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. First experiences with High Resolution Imagery Based Adjudication Approach for Social Tenure Domain Model in Ethiopia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lemmen, C.; Zevenbergen, J.A.; Lengoiboni, M.; Deininger, K.; Burns, T.

    2009-01-01

    Since the start of the 21st century, great progress has been made with rural land certification in Ethiopia. This process, however, has been mainly confined to the so called first phase certificates. These certificates do identify the land holding households (with name etc. and photographs), but

  17. Should a personality disorder qualify as a mental disease in insanity adjudication?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonnie, Richard J

    2010-01-01

    The determinative issue in applying the insanity defense is whether the defendant experienced a legally relevant functional impairment at the time of the offense. Categorical exclusion of personality disorders from the definition of mental disease is clinically and morally arbitrary because it may lead to unfair conviction of a defendant with a personality disorder who actually experienced severe, legally relevant impairments at the time of the crime. There is no need to consider such a drastic approach in most states and in the federal courts, where the sole test of insanity is whether the defendant was "unable to appreciate the wrongfulness of his conduct at the time of the offense." This is because the only symptoms that are legally relevant in such jurisdictions are those that impair reality-testing and thereby affect the person's capacity to understand the nature and consequences of her actions. However, if the test of insanity includes a "volitional prong" (inability to control one's behavior), some way must be found to limit the scope of the defense to the core cases (involving psychotic conditions) to which it has traditionally been applied, and to prevent a shift toward a deterministic account of criminal conduct - i.e., "people can't help being who they are and doing what they do." The best way of accomplishing this is to limit the definition of mental disease to severe disorders characterized by gross disturbances of the person's capacity to understand reality. © 2010 American Society of Law, Medicine & Ethics, Inc.

  18. Adjudication and Justification: To What Extent Should the Exluded Be Included in the Judge's Decision

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Klink, B.M.J.; Mohammed, Dina; Lewiński, Marcin

    2016-01-01

    As follows from the Rule of Law, the judge has to justify her decision. In contemporary legal and social theory, it is argued that she should somehow give recognition to arguments and viewpoints that have been excluded from the final decision. In my paper, I will address the question why, to what

  19. Non-adjudicative alternative means of dispute resolution in corporate governance

    OpenAIRE

    Moniz, Ricardo Manuel Bolota Velho e Silva

    2017-01-01

    This thesis aims at exploring the benefits regarding the adoption of nonadjudicative alternative means of dispute resolution (NAADR), mediation in specific, in corporation’s legal frameworks and contracts. This paper reviews literature, categorizes the types of corporate governance conflicts, analyses several studies and presents empirical evidence that shows the positive effects of a NAADR as an enhancing factor in increasing the value of a company. This paper starts by ack...

  20. Algorithms for the Capture and Adjudication of Prevalent and Incident Diabetes in UK Biobank.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eastwood, Sophie V; Mathur, Rohini; Atkinson, Mark; Brophy, Sinead; Sudlow, Cathie; Flaig, Robin; de Lusignan, Simon; Allen, Naomi; Chaturvedi, Nishi

    2016-01-01

    UK Biobank is a UK-wide cohort of 502,655 people aged 40-69, recruited from National Health Service registrants between 2006-10, with healthcare data linkage. Type 2 diabetes is a key exposure and outcome. We developed algorithms to define prevalent and incident diabetes for UK Biobank. The algorithms will be implemented by UK Biobank and their results made available to researchers on request. We used UK Biobank self-reported medical history and medication to assign prevalent diabetes and type, and tested this against linked primary and secondary care data in Welsh UK Biobank participants. Additionally, we derived and tested algorithms for incident diabetes using linked primary and secondary care data in the English Clinical Practice Research Datalink, and ran these on secondary care data in UK Biobank. For prevalent diabetes, 0.001% and 0.002% of people classified as "diabetes unlikely" in UK Biobank had evidence of diabetes in their primary or secondary care record respectively. Of those classified as "probable" type 2 diabetes, 75% and 96% had specific type 2 diabetes codes in their primary and secondary care records. For incidence, 95% of people with the type 2 diabetes-specific C10F Read code in primary care had corroborative evidence of diabetes from medications, blood testing or diabetes specific process of care codes. Only 41% of people identified with type 2 diabetes in primary care had secondary care evidence of type 2 diabetes. In contrast, of incident cases using ICD-10 type 2 diabetes specific codes in secondary care, 77% had corroborative evidence of diabetes in primary care. We suggest our definition of prevalent diabetes from UK Biobank baseline data has external validity, and recommend that specific primary care Read codes should be used for incident diabetes to ensure precision. Secondary care data should be used for incident diabetes with caution, as around half of all cases are missed, and a quarter have no corroborative evidence of diabetes in primary care.

  1. The Role of Quality in the Adjudication of Public Tenders | Quinot ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The quality of the goods or services that government procures is obviously a very important consideration in deciding which supplier should be awarded a particular public tender. It follows that in the regulation of public procurement, particular attention should be given to the role of quality (also called functionality) in the ...

  2. Regional International Courts in Search of Relevance - Adjudicating Politically Sensitive Disputes in Central America and the Caribbean

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Caserta, Salvatore

    2017-01-01

    of their founding documents, both the CACJ and the CCJ were only partially established to pursue regional economic integration. Instead, both Courts were fashioned at the crossroad of several – and at times even conflicting – forms of legality, power battles, professional interests, and visions of the world...

  3. O direito comparado na jurisdição constitucional The comparative law in the constitutional adjudication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Vitorino Cardoso

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo aborda o crescente uso do direito comparado na racionalidade das decisões dos tribunais constitucionais. Tema extremamente interessante e atual, a aproximação do direito constitucional ao direito comparado é ilustrada a partir de casos julgados em Portugal, Estados Unidos e África do Sul e que receberam atenção especial da doutrina, destacando-se, nomeadamente, os contornos históricos e jurídicos caracterizadores desses ordenamentos jurídicos. O primeiro objetivo perfaz a verificação do alinhamento do Supremo Tribunal Federal à tendência comparativa, o que é feito mediante a análise materialmente direcionada da sua jurisprudência colhida no sítio oficial. A segunda etapa tem como escopo uma explicação possível para o problema intrínseco à interpretação/concretização de regras e princípios constitucionais, lançada na fundamentação de uma decisão com base em elementos apurados em outra ordem jurídica, tarefa essa que é levada a efeito com apoio na caracterização do denominado estado constitucional. Todas as etapas cumprem a função mais geral de indagação acerca do papel que a comparação de direitos tem alcançado no constitucionalismo do presente.This study addresses the growing use of the comparative law perspective in the rationality of decisions at constitutional courts. A much interesting and actual tendency, the correlation between comparative law and constitutional law is revealed by cases decided in Portugal, United States and South Africa, which has gathered great scholarly attention, with special focus in the historical and legal contours of these jurisdictions. The first aim is to examine the alignment of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court to the comparative trend, which is carried out by jurisprudence analysis of documents available on the official website of the Institution. In addition, it was conceived a possible explanation for the intrinsic problem of the interpretation/concretization of constitutional rules and principles based on data gathered in another legal order, a task supported by the so called constitutional state. This approach has in mind to inquiry the actual role that the comparison of Rights has reached in the present constitutionalism.

  4. 46 CFR Exhibit No. 1 to Subpart S... - Small Claim Form for Informal Adjudication and Information Checklist

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... paragraph whether claimant is an association, corporation, firm or partnership, and if a firm or partnership, the names of the individuals composing the same. State the nature and principal place of business.] II..., corporation, firm or partnership, and if a firm or partnership, the names of the individuals composing the...

  5. 32 CFR Appendix H to Part 154 - Adjudicative Guidelines for Determining Eligibility for Access to Classified Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...; (7) The motivation for the conduct; (8) The potential for pressure, coercion, exploitation, or duress... lead to financial crimes including espionage. Affluence that cannot be explained by known sources of... Consumption 21. The concern. Excessive alcohol consumption often leads to the exercise of questionable...

  6. Natural recharge estimation and uncertainty analysis of an adjudicated groundwater basin using a regional-scale flow and subsidence model (Antelope Valley, California, USA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siade, Adam J.; Nishikawa, Tracy; Martin, Peter

    2015-01-01

    Groundwater has provided 50–90 % of the total water supply in Antelope Valley, California (USA). The associated groundwater-level declines have led the Los Angeles County Superior Court of California to recently rule that the Antelope Valley groundwater basin is in overdraft, i.e., annual pumpage exceeds annual recharge. Natural recharge consists primarily of mountain-front recharge and is an important component of the total groundwater budget in Antelope Valley. Therefore, natural recharge plays a major role in the Court’s decision. The exact quantity and distribution of natural recharge is uncertain, with total estimates from previous studies ranging from 37 to 200 gigaliters per year (GL/year). In order to better understand the uncertainty associated with natural recharge and to provide a tool for groundwater management, a numerical model of groundwater flow and land subsidence was developed. The transient model was calibrated using PEST with water-level and subsidence data; prior information was incorporated through the use of Tikhonov regularization. The calibrated estimate of natural recharge was 36 GL/year, which is appreciably less than the value used by the court (74 GL/year). The effect of parameter uncertainty on the estimation of natural recharge was addressed using the Null-Space Monte Carlo method. A Pareto trade-off method was also used to portray the reasonableness of larger natural recharge rates. The reasonableness of the 74 GL/year value and the effect of uncertain pumpage rates were also evaluated. The uncertainty analyses indicate that the total natural recharge likely ranges between 34.5 and 54.3 GL/year.

  7. Hybrid Human-Computing Distributed Sense-Making: Extending the SOA Paradigm for Dynamic Adjudication and Optimization of Human and Computer Roles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rimland, Jeffrey C.

    2013-01-01

    In many evolving systems, inputs can be derived from both human observations and physical sensors. Additionally, many computation and analysis tasks can be performed by either human beings or artificial intelligence (AI) applications. For example, weather prediction, emergency event response, assistive technology for various human sensory and…

  8. Does science speak clearly and fairly in trade and food safety disputes? The search for an optimal response of WTO adjudication to problematic international standard-making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ni, Kuei-Jung

    2013-01-01

    Most international health-related standards are voluntary per se. However, the incorporation of international standard-making into WTO agreements like the SPS Agreement has drastically changed the status and effectiveness of the standards. WTO members are urged to follow international standards, even when not required to comply fully with them. Indeed, such standards have attained great influence in the trade system. Yet evidence shows that the credibility of the allegedly scientific approach of these international standard-setting institutions, especially the Codex Alimentarius Commission (Codex) governing food safety standards, has been eroded and diluted by industrial and political influences. Its decision-making is no longer based on consensus, but voting. The adoption of new safety limits for the veterinary drug ractopamine in 2012, by a very close vote, is simply another instance of the problematic operations of the Codex. These dynamics have led skeptics to question the legitimacy of the standard setting body and to propose solutions to rectify the situation. Prior WTO rulings have yet to pay attention to the defect in the decision-making processes of the Codex. Nevertheless, the recent Appellate Body decision on Hormones II is indicative of a deferential approach to national measures that are distinct from Codex formulas. The ruling also rejects the reliance on those experts who authored the Codex standards to assess new measures of the European Community. This approach provides an opportunity to contemplate what the proper relationship between the WTO and Codex ought to be. Through a critical review of WTO rulings and academic proposals, this article aims to analyze how the WTO ought to define such interactions and respond to the politicized standard-making process in an optimal manner. This article argues that building a more systematic approach and normative basis for WTO judicial review of standard-setting decisions and the selection of technical experts would be instrumental to strengthening the mutual supports between the WTO and international standard-setting organizations, and may help avoid the introduction of a prejudice toward a justified science finding.

  9. Relationship between the International Court of Justice and the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia in respect of the adjudication of genocide

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kreća Milenko

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available By opting for the approach based on the dichotomy of individual criminal responsibility for the act of genocide and the responsibility of the State in both the Bosnian and Croatian Genocide cases, the International Court of Justice enabled the establishment of a jurisprudential connection with the judgments of the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia. After outlining the reasons for adopting such an approach, which are classified as both positive and negative, the author offers an extensive analysis of the differences between the ICJ and ICTY, stressing the necessity to take these differences into account when considering the interconnection between the 'World Court' and the ICTY as a specialized tribunal. The paper focuses on the need for a balanced and critical approach to the jurisprudence of the ICTY as regards genocide, by differentiating between the Tribunal s factual and legal findings. The author insists that a substantive criterion, not a formal one, must be applied with a view to the proper assessment of the factual findings of the Tribunal in accordance with the standards of judicial reasoning of the ICJ. As regards the treatment of the ICTY's legal findings which relate to genocide, it is stressed that their uncritical acceptance would compromise the determination of the relevant rules of the Genocide Convention by the Court. Namely, the law applied by the ICTY as regards the crime of genocide is not equivalent to the relevant law established by the Convention and may be understood as its progressive development rather than its application.

  10. 10 CFR Appendix B to Subpart A of... - Adjudicative Guidelines Approved by the President in Accordance With the Provisions of Executive...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... security concern if it involves a criminal offense, indicates a personality or emotional disorder, may... emotional, mental, and personality disorders (Guideline I) in determining how to resolve the security.... Guideline I: Emotional, Mental, and Personality Disorders 27. The Concern. Emotional, mental, and...

  11. The Substantive and Procedural Due Process Rights of Students Accused of Criminal Behavior in School and the Educational Rights of Adjudicated Youths.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Frank

    This paper--part of a collection of 54 papers from the 48th annual conference of the Education Law Association held in November 2002-- addresses juvenile justice. Its central issue is how to protect children of color in elementary and secondary schools with constitutional due process where attendance is compulsory and, at the same time, maintain a…

  12. Natural recharge estimation and uncertainty analysis of an adjudicated groundwater basin using a regional-scale flow and subsidence model (Antelope Valley, California, USA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siade, Adam; Nishikawa, Tracy; Martin, Peter

    2015-09-01

    Groundwater has provided 50-90 % of the total water supply in Antelope Valley, California (USA). The associated groundwater-level declines have led the Los Angeles County Superior Court of California to recently rule that the Antelope Valley groundwater basin is in overdraft, i.e., annual pumpage exceeds annual recharge. Natural recharge consists primarily of mountain-front recharge and is an important component of the total groundwater budget in Antelope Valley. Therefore, natural recharge plays a major role in the Court's decision. The exact quantity and distribution of natural recharge is uncertain, with total estimates from previous studies ranging from 37 to 200 gigaliters per year (GL/year). In order to better understand the uncertainty associated with natural recharge and to provide a tool for groundwater management, a numerical model of groundwater flow and land subsidence was developed. The transient model was calibrated using PEST with water-level and subsidence data; prior information was incorporated through the use of Tikhonov regularization. The calibrated estimate of natural recharge was 36 GL/year, which is appreciably less than the value used by the court (74 GL/year). The effect of parameter uncertainty on the estimation of natural recharge was addressed using the Null-Space Monte Carlo method. A Pareto trade-off method was also used to portray the reasonableness of larger natural recharge rates. The reasonableness of the 74 GL/year value and the effect of uncertain pumpage rates were also evaluated. The uncertainty analyses indicate that the total natural recharge likely ranges between 34.5 and 54.3 GL/year.

  13. From Disparity to Harmonisation of Construction Industry Payment Legislation in Australia: A Proposal for a Dual Process of Adjudication based upon Size of Progress Payment Claim

    OpenAIRE

    Coggins, Jeremy

    2011-01-01

    Since the introduction of the Building and Construction Industry Security of Payment Act into New South Wales in 1999, construction industry payment legislation has progressively been enacted on a jurisdiction-by-jurisdiction basis throughout Australia. Of the eight Australian Acts, two distinct legislative models can be discerned – what have been termed the ‘East Coast’ and ‘West Coast’ models. This article compares the two models with respect to their payment s...

  14. Statistical Measurement and Analysis of Claimant and Demographic Variables Affecting Processing and Adjudication Duration in The United States Army Physical Disability Evaluation System

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Coppola, M

    1997-01-01

    .... The dependent variable examined was days. Independent variables included age, race, gender, grade, component, length of service, retirement eligibility, request for congressional involvement, request for formal physical evaluation board (PEB...

  15. Conditions of contract for construction for building and engineering works designed by the employer : general conditions : guidance for the preparation of particular conditions forms of letter of tender, contract agreement and dispute adjudication agreement

    CERN Document Server

    1999-01-01

    Conditions of Contract for Construction, which are recommended for building or engineering works designed by the Employer or by his representative, the Engineer. Under the usual arrangements for this type of contract, the Contractor constructs the works in accordance with a design provided by the Employer. However, the works may include some elements of Contractor-designed civil, mechanical, electrical and/or construction works.

  16. Mental Health Screening of Female Juvenile Offenders: Replication of a Subtyping Strategy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cruise, Keith R.; Marsee, Monica A.; Dandreaux, Danielle M.; DePrato, Debra K.

    2007-01-01

    Recent research indicates that adjudicated female youth have higher rates of mental health problems and histories of trauma exposure and abuse relative to adjudicated male youth. These differences are important for gender-specific assessment, intervention, and management strategies. We replicated a subtyping strategy for adjudicated female youth…

  17. Recognition and execution of adjudications of foreign courts = Признание и исполнение решений иностранных судов / Jelena Zaitseva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zaitseva, Jelena

    2010-01-01

    Välisriikide kohtuotsuste tunnustamise ja täitmise kahest süsteemist, eksekvaaturisüsteemi rakendamisest Vene Föderatsioonis. Lisatud Pihkva oblasti kohtutes arutatud välisriikide kohtuotsuste tunnustamis- ja täitmistaotluste praktika analüüs

  18. 78 FR 69861 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security, Federal Emergency Management Agency...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-21

    ... information to carry out their national security, law enforcement, immigration, intelligence, or other... before any court, adjudicative, or administrative body, when it is relevant or necessary to the...

  19. MEWRK

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — MEWRK is a management information database that stores data related to the development, adjudication and effectuation of Title II Work Continuing Disability Reviews.

  20. Security Clearance Tracking System

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Archives and Records Administration — SCTS supports the adjudication process of private background investigations and clearances for potential employees, contractors, interns and student workers.

  1. 25 CFR 63.17 - How does an employer determine suitability for employment and efficiency of service?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... INTERIOR TRIBAL GOVERNMENT INDIAN CHILD PROTECTION AND FAMILY VIOLENCE PREVENTION Minimum Standards of... task. (d) Each adjudicating official must be thoroughly familiar with all laws, regulations, and...

  2. Reliability and Perceived Pedagogical Utility of a Weighted Music Performance Assessment Rubric

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latimer, Marvin E., Jr.; Bergee, Martin J.; Cohen, Mary L.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the reliability and perceived pedagogical utility of a multidimensional weighted performance assessment rubric used in Kansas state high school large-group festivals. Data were adjudicator rubrics (N = 2,016) and adjudicator and director questionnaires (N = 515). Rubric internal consistency was…

  3. 76 FR 560 - Office of Child Support Enforcement Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-05

    ... performing intelligence or counterintelligence functions, if the head of such department, agency, or... an ongoing investigation or intelligence mission; and 3. Individuals to whom unemployment.... 19. Disclosure to Court or Adjudicative Body Records may be disclosed to a court or adjudicative body...

  4. 77 FR 20104 - Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended; System of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-03

    ... Justice, a court, an adjudicative body, a party in litigation, or a witness if the OCC determines that the... notification in person must establish his or her identity by providing proof in the form of a single official... Department of Justice, a court, an adjudicative body, a party in litigation, or a witness if the OCC...

  5. Joornaalii Seeraa Oromiyaa [Jiil.5, Lak.1, 2008] Oromia Law Journal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    power. This article explores how the state courts are adjudicating federal criminal matters, and how the criminal adjudicative jurisdiction of the federal courts and state courts is compartmentalized. .... Judicial jurisdiction could be defined as the legal power and authority of a court to make a ...... on website and in hard copy.

  6. In the shadow of the judge : The involvement of judicial assistants in Dutch district courts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Holvast, N.L.

    2017-01-01

    While judicial assistants occupy a central position in all types of court systems, the contribution of these staff members to the process of adjudication remains largely unknown, even though their involvement can have significant effects on the perceived quality and credibility of adjudication. This

  7. 32 CFR 154.42 - Evaluation of personnel security information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Evaluation of personnel security information... SECURITY DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PERSONNEL SECURITY PROGRAM REGULATION Adjudication § 154.42 Evaluation of personnel security information. (a) The criteria and adjudicative policy to be used in applying the...

  8. A proteção do direito fundamental à água em perspectiva internacional e comparada / The Protection of the Fundamental Right to Water in International and Comparative Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Bernal Pulido

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose – Analyzing the adjudication of the constitutional right to water in comparative law and its theoretical and practical implications. Methodology/approach/design – A theoretical and jurisprudential analysis of the standards of reasonableness, the minimum core and proportionality, used in different jurisdictions for adjudicating claims grounded in the constitutional right to water. Findings – The advantages and disadvantages of reasonableness, the minimum core and proportionality as standards for adjudicating the constitutional right to water. Practical implications – The article shows that the adjudication of the employment of the principle of proportionality is the best comparative practice concerning the adjudication of the constitutional right to water. Originality/value – The text fills a gap on the topic, especially in light of the problems arising out of localized water crises or economic, social or legal disputes over water use in scenarios of scarcity.

  9. Reporting and evaluation of HIV-related clinical endpoints in two multicenter international clinical trials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lifson, A; Rhame, F; Bellosa, W

    2006-01-01

    adjudication between reviewers before diagnostic certainty was assigned. CONCLUSION: Important requirements for HIV trials using clinical endpoints include objective definitions of "confirmed" and "probable," a formal reporting process with adequate information and supporting source documentation, evaluation...

  10. Redefining commercial vehicle permitting and credentialing violations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-01

    The objective of this study was to analyze enforcement and adjudication of common commercial vehicle tax, credentialing, and safety offenses. This study examined violations of the International Fuel Tax Agreement and the Kentucky Intrastate Tax, Kent...

  11. 28 CFR 90.52 - Eligible purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... of law enforcement officers and prosecutors specifically targeting violent crimes against women... Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE (CONTINUED) VIOLENCE AGAINST WOMEN Indian Tribal Governments..., prosecution, and adjudication of persons committing violent crimes against women. (b) Grants may be used, by...

  12. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... in Adjudicative Proceedings Site Information Privacy Policy Website Policy No FEAR Act USA.gov Accessibility Digital Government Strategy Open Government Federal Trade Commission Headquarters: 600 Pennsylvania Avenue, NW Washington, DC ...

  13. 12 CFR 261.11 - Records available for public inspection and copying.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... as final orders and written agreements, made in the adjudication of cases; (2) Statements of policy... Governors of the Federal Reserve System, 20th Street and Constitution Avenue, N.W., Washington, D.C. 20551...

  14. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Violation File Documents in Adjudicative Proceedings Site Information Privacy Policy Website Policy No FEAR Act USA.gov Accessibility Digital Government Strategy Open Government Federal Trade Commission Headquarters: ...

  15. 38 CFR 3.708 - Federal Employees' Compensation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation Concurrent Benefits and Elections..., hospitalization or hospital care, training, or compensated work therapy program. See §§ 3.358 and 3.361. (b...

  16. 76 FR 66940 - Privacy Act of 1974; Department of Homeland Security/United States Secret Service-004 Protection...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-28

    ... agency conducting litigation or in proceedings before any court, adjudicative or administrative body... disposal: Protective intelligence case records, including non-judicial protective intelligence cases, are... Director, Office of Strategic Intelligence and Information; Assistant Director, Office of Technical...

  17. 76 FR 32355 - Privacy Act of 1974: New System Of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-06

    ... Applicable to All BBG System of Records Files, and: To a court or adjudicative body in a proceeding when: (a... selected foreign governments, in order to enable an intelligence agency to carry out its responsibilities...

  18. 32 CFR 536.76 - Claims not payable under the Military Claims Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... payable claim for damage, loss, or destruction of personal property in the custody of the government. (h... international agreement, unless a consistent and widespread alternative process of adjudicating and paying such...

  19. Modeling of terminal-area airplane fuel consumption

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-08-01

    Accurate modeling of airplane fuel consumption is necessary for air transportation policy-makers to properly : adjudicate trades between competing environmental and economic demands. Existing public models used for : computing terminal-area airplane ...

  20. 46 CFR 5.569 - Selection of an appropriate order.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... an order and present argument in support of this suggestion during the presentation of aggravating or... should not affect the fair and impartial adjudication of each case on its individual facts and merits...

  1. 10 CFR 820.28 - Prehearing actions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... other actions as he determines appropriate to conduct the adjudication in a fair and expeditious manner... evidence may otherwise not be preserved for presentation by a witness at the hearing. (3) Any party to the...

  2. Strategies and Procedures for Expediting Election Petitions

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mofasony

    53 has made a far reaching innovation by specifying the time limit for concluding electoral disputes and appeals arising therefrom. Strategies for Expediting Election Petition Disputes. The primary aim of adjudication in election petitions should ...

  3. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Decision Volumes Letters and Statements Petitions to Quash Companies and People Banned From Debt Relief Adjudicative Proceedings ... For Consumers For Military Consumers Business Center Advertising & Marketing Credit & Finance Guidance Privacy & Security Selected Industries Legal ...

  4. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Decision Volumes Letters and Statements Petitions to Quash Companies and People Banned From Debt Relief Adjudicative Proceedings ... No FEAR Act USA.gov Accessibility Digital Government Strategy Open Government Federal Trade Commission Headquarters: 600 Pennsylvania ...

  5. 49 CFR 240.401 - Review board established.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION QUALIFICATION AND CERTIFICATION OF LOCOMOTIVE ENGINEERS Dispute Resolution... adjudicating such disputes to the Locomotive Engineer Review Board. (c) The Locomotive Engineer Review Board...

  6. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Report File a Comment Report An Antitrust Violation File Documents in Adjudicative Proceedings Site Information Privacy Policy Website Policy No FEAR Act USA.gov Accessibility Digital Government Strategy Open Government Federal Trade Commission Headquarters: ...

  7. 78 FR 47306 - Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-05

    ..., including name, Social Security number (SSNs may be submitted with documentation or as proof of..., adjudicative body, or other administrative body, where the use of such information by the DOJ is deemed by the...

  8. 46 CFR 502.501 - General provisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... adjudicative officer determines that such treatment would be unjust and contrary to the purposes of EAJA in... in bad faith, or special circumstances make an award unjust. (f) Allowable fees and expenses. (1...

  9. National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP) -Data & Statistics

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The VICP program publishes a summary PDF report with several data tables: Number of Petitions Filed by Adjudication Categories by Alleged Vaccine, including # of...

  10. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Council of the Inspector General on Integrity and Efficiency (CIGIE) Oversight.gov Reporting Fraud, Waste, Abuse or ... Letters and Statements Petitions to Quash Companies and People Banned From Debt Relief Adjudicative Proceedings Banned Debt ...

  11. 75 FR 64389 - Proposed Recommendation to the Social Security Administration for Occupational Information System...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-19

    ... Security Administration for Occupational Information System (OIS) Development Planning; Request for Comment... information system tailored specifically for our disability programs and adjudicative needs. The Panel is... Information System Development Planning. The comment period is open through November 8, 2010. Contact...

  12. Intervention of the Courts in School Finance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hack, Walter G.

    1978-01-01

    The rhythm and intensity of judicial activity, questions and issues adjudicated by the courts, judicial approaches and strategies, and the roles played by the courts are discussed with regard to court intervention in state school finance systems. (DS)

  13. 49 CFR 7.1 - General.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    .... (a) This part implements 5 U.S.C. 552, and prescribes rules governing the availability to the public... opinions issued in the adjudication of cases, policy issuances, administrative manuals, and other...

  14. Social Maladjustment and Emotional Disturbance: Problems and Positions I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarizio, Harvey F.

    1992-01-01

    Several controversies surround differentiation between socially maladjusted and seriously emotionally disturbed. Central to controversy is interpretation of social maladjustment as restricted to include socialized aggressive and adjudicated delinquents or broadened to include Conduct Disorders, Oppositional Defiant Disorder, and antisocial…

  15. 78 FR 36643 - Proposed Information Collection (Wrist Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Activity...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-18

    ... Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire). Type of Review: New data collection. Abstract: The VA Form 21... Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Activity: Comment Request AGENCY: Veterans Benefits.... This notice solicits comments on information needed to adjudicate the claim for VA disability benefits...

  16. 78 FR 36305 - Proposed Information Collection (Non-Degenerative Arthritis (Including Inflammatory, Autoimmune...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-17

    ..., crystalline and infectious arthritis) and Dysbaric Osteonecrosis Disability Benefits Questionnaire). Type of... Osteonecrosis Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Activity: Comment Request AGENCY: Veterans Benefits... solicits comments on information needed to adjudicate the claim for VA disability benefits related to a...

  17. 78 FR 36308 - Proposed Information Collection: (Back (Thoracolumbar Spine) Conditions Disability Benefits...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-17

    ...-NEW (Back (Thoracolumbar Spine) Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire). Type of Review: New... (Thoracolumbar Spine) Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Activity: Comment Request AGENCY: Veterans... comments on information needed to adjudicate the claim for VA disability benefits related to a claimant's...

  18. 77 FR 43412 - 30-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: DS 7655, Iraqi Citizens and Nationals Employed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-24

    ..., Refugees, and Migration, Department of State. [FR Doc. 2012-18040 Filed 7-23-12; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4710... collected and used to verify employment for the processing and adjudication of refugee, asylum, special...

  19. 20 CFR 321.2 - Filing claims for benefits electronically.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Board's Internet Web site, http://www.rrb.gov, utilizing a User ID and a PIN/Password. (b) Adjudication... UNEMPLOYMENT INSURANCE ACT ELECTRONIC FILING OF APPLICATIONS AND CLAIMS FOR BENEFITS UNDER THE RAILROAD...

  20. 5 CFR 890.1037 - Cases where additional fact-finding is not required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... adjudications by Federal, State, or local agencies; a criminal conviction or civil judgment; or an action by the... professional licensure during the pendency of a disciplinary hearing, entering a guilty plea or confession of...

  1. 42 CFR 81.10 - Use of cancer risk assessment models in NIOSH IREP.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... cohort. The National Cancer Institute (NCI) and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) are... will be incorporated in a version of IREP named NIOSH-IREP, specifically designed for adjudication of...

  2. Estimating flow-duration and low-flow frequency statistics for unregulated streams in Oregon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-08-01

    Flow statistical datasets, basin-characteristic datasets, and regression equations were developed to provide decision makers with surface-water information needed for activities such as water-quality regulation, water-rights adjudication, biological ...

  3. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Cases and Proceedings Case Document Search Refunds Commission Decision Volumes Letters and Statements Petitions to Quash Companies and People Banned From Debt Relief Adjudicative Proceedings Banned Debt Collectors Premerger Notification ...

  4. 49 CFR 511.75 - Persons not attorneys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... adjudicative proceeding if that person files proof to the satisfaction of the Presiding Officer that he or she... association of which the person is a partner, officer, or regular employee. [45 FR 81578, Dec. 11, 1980, as...

  5. Screening Doses for Induction of Cancers Calculated with the Interactive RadioEpidemiological Program (IREP)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kocher, David C; Apostoaei, Julian A

    2007-01-01

    .... Screening doses for 32 cancer types were calculated with the Interactive RadioEpidemiological Program, which is used by the Department of Veterans Affairs in adjudicating claims for compensation...

  6. Best value for money

    CERN Document Server

    CERN Bulletin

    2011-01-01

    Last week, the Industrial Services and General Infrastructure section of the Procurement and Industrial Services group received dozens of bids in a single day! The bids were submitted in response to four invitations to tender to be adjudicated on a ‘best value for money’ basis. This adjudication method, introduced at CERN in 2008, ensures that quality is given as much priority as cost containment in the process of awarding industrial services contracts.   Members of the Industrial Services and General Infrastructure section with the dozens of bids received in a single day. Until 2008 every contract at CERN was adjudicated on a "lowest compliant bid" basis, i.e. to the firm submitting the cheapest technically compliant tender. Since then, however, the CERN Financial Rules, including the Procurement Rules, have undergone an in-depth revision, and the ‘best value for money’ adjudication basis has been introduced. According to the new adju...

  7. 831 Files

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — SSA-831 file is a collection of initial and reconsideration adjudicative level DDS disability determinations. (A few hearing level cases are also present, but the...

  8. 38 CFR 21.4211 - Composition, jurisdiction, and duties of Committee on Educational Allowances.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Administration of Educational Assistance Programs Schools § 21.4211 Composition, jurisdiction, and duties of... adjudication of claims for benefits administered by the Veterans Benefits Administration. The Director of the...

  9. 47 CFR 0.11 - Functions of the Office.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... position management; labor-management relations; training; budget and financial management; accounting for... Bureaus and Offices with respect to management and administrative matters but not substantive regulatory..., and adjudication. (2) Formulate and administer all management and administrative policies, programs...

  10. Average Wait Time Until Hearing Held Report (By Month), September 2016 (53rd week)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — A presentation of the average time (in months) from the hearing request date until a hearing is held for claims pending in the Office of Disability Adjudication and...

  11. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... for Comment Report An Antitrust Violation File Documents in Adjudicative Proceedings You are here Home » News & Events » Audio/Video » Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam ...

  12. Contractual medical liability in Portugal and Macao

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Miguel Prista Patrício Cascão

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Liability of healthcare providers can be framed under the theory of contract in the law of Portugal and Macao, to obtain compensation for injury suffered by aggrieved patients, as a result of medical adverse events. However, shortcomings in the law, court practice and literature lead to some uncertainty in adjudication. This article aims at reducing said uncertainty, setting forward a clear-cut adjudication paradigm, while recommending legal reform.

  13. CONSTITUTIONAL COMPLAINT DAN CONSTITUTIONAL QUESTION DAN PERLINDUNGAN HAK-HAK KONSTITUSIONAL WARGA NEGARA

    OpenAIRE

    Hamdan Zoelva

    2012-01-01

    The 1945 Constitution gives limitative authority to the Constitutional Court only to review of laws against the constitution, adjudicate dispute over state institution whose authorities are mandate by constitution, adjudicate dispute on the result of general election, dissolution of political parties and obliged to decide upon DPR’s opinion in the case of the impeachment of the President. In practice, many of the constitutional issues can not be resolved by the Constitutional Court because it...

  14. Constitutional Complaint Dan Constitutional Question Dan Perlindungan Hak-hak Konstitusional Warga Negara

    OpenAIRE

    Zoelva, Hamdan

    2012-01-01

    The 1945 Constitution gives limitative authority to the Constitutional Court only to review of laws against the constitution, adjudicate dispute over state institution whose authorities are mandate by constitution, adjudicate dispute on the result of general election, dissolution of political parties and obliged to decide upon DPR's opinion in the case of the impeachment of the President. In practice, many of the constitutional issues can not be resolved by the Constitutional Court because it...

  15. The perfect crime: myth or reality?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fanton, L; Miras, A; Tilhet-Coartet, S; Achache, P; Malicier, D

    1998-09-01

    The primum movens of a forensic autopsy is to track down the crime. The perfect crime can be defined as one which will never be suspected and/or one for which the criminal will never be arrested. We have reported several cases that have been adjudicated or are being adjudicated, and we show how actual homicides could have been taken for accidental deaths, suicides, or even natural deaths.

  16. Asylum grant rates following medical evaluations of maltreatment among political asylum applicants in the United States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lustig, Stuart L; Kureshi, Sarah; Delucchi, Kevin L; Iacopino, Vincent; Morse, Samantha C

    2008-02-01

    Although many individuals applying for political asylum allege maltreatment and sometimes torture in their countries of origin, the utility of medical evaluations in asylum adjudication has not been documented. This study compares the asylum grant rate among US asylum seekers who received medical evaluations from Physicians for Human Rights (PHR), with rates among asylum seekers who did not receive PHR evaluations. Retrospective analysis was carried out on all asylum cases referred to PHR between 2000 and 2004 for medical evaluations for which adjudication outcome was available. Basic demographic information was obtained: age, sex, country of origin, English language ability, US region where adjudication occurred, whether legal representation was pro bono, type of evaluation, provision of oral court testimony, and whether asylum seekers were in detention. Cases were analyzed descriptively and with chi square tests. Between 2000 and 2004, 1663 asylum seekers received medical evaluations from PHR; the adjudication status (either granted or denied) was determined in 746 cases at the time of the study. Of these cases, 89% were granted asylum, compared to the national average of 37.5% among US asylum seekers who did not receive PHR evaluations. Medical evaluations may be critical in the adjudications of asylum cases when maltreatment is alleged.

  17. Selection of Jurors and Lay Assessors in Comparative Perspective: Eurasian Context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nikolai Kovalev

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article compares (1 the qualification of jurors or lay assessors; (2 methods of listing candidates for lay adjudication; and (3 selection and empanelment of jurors and lay assessors for a particular case, in various post-Soviet countries and Western countries. Two key issues are examined. The article examines whether the legislation of post-Soviet countries in relation to the qualification, listing and empanelling of jurors and lay assessors is consistent with the standards applied in developed democracies. Simultaneously, the article explores what standards and rules of selection of lay adjudicators should be incorporated into the legislation of post-Soviet states in order to insure impartiality and independence of lay adjudicators. The article reveals a significant number of defects and gaps that allow executives and court personnel to manipulate the selection process and hamper the formation of impartial, independent and representative lay courts. An examination of the legislation in post-Soviet countries and of the empirical data collected in Russia lead to the conclusion that the mechanisms of the voir dire, peremptory challenges and challenges to entire juries should be reviewed and improved in order to provide reliable safeguards for the selection of impartial and independent lay adjudicators and prevent parties from excluding prospective lay adjudicators for discriminatory reasons.

  18. Report of the Ethics Committee, 2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    The Report of the Ethics Committee, 2015, provides information on activities of the Ethics Committee and Ethics Office during that year. In 2015, the Ethics Office and Committee continued their work of adjudication, ethics education, and ethics consultations. The Ethics Committee adopted minor changes to its "Rules and Procedures" to increase the efficiency of the adjudication process. These changes were approved by the APA Board of Directors to become effective on March 1, 2016. The Independent Review Report by David H. Hoffman was released in July. The ethics office director also departed in July, and an interim ethics director was appointed. The process for establishing a Commission on Ethics Processes was also begun. The Commission has the charge of evaluating and recommending changes to the American Psychological Association's current ethics program. Data for adjudication processing in 2015 as well as comparisons to the previous 4 years are provided. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  19. Extension of the Presumptive Period for Compensation for Gulf War Veterans. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-10-24

    The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is issuing this final rule to affirm its adjudication regulations regarding compensation for disabilities resulting from undiagnosed illnesses suffered by veterans who served in the Persian Gulf War. This amendment is necessary to extend the period during which disabilities associated with undiagnosed illnesses and medically unexplained chronic multi-symptom illnesses must become manifest in order for a Veteran to be eligible for compensation. The intended effect of this amendment is to provide consistency in VA adjudication policy, preserve certain rights afforded to Persian Gulf War (GW) veterans, and ensure fairness for current and future GW veterans.

  20. Recidivism among Juvenile Offenders following Release from Residential Placements: Multivariate Predictors and Gender Differences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minor, Kevin I.; Wells, James B.; Angel, Earl

    2008-01-01

    Using a sample of 580 juvenile offenders released from out-of-home placements, this study regressed 18-month recidivism on 33 possible predictors. Over 52 percent of juveniles had new adjudications. Only gender, age, victimization history, and presence of special education needs significantly predicted recidivism. When separate models were…

  1. Location, Location: Jurisdiction & Conflicts in Transborder Contract Litigation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lookofsky, Joseph

    In transborder contract litigation place-based factors are often decisive, both as regards jurisdiction to adjudicate as well as the rules which determine the applicable substantive law. Relevant locations include the place where the contract was made, where the parties reside, transact business...

  2. 26 CFR 53.4958-2 - Definition of applicable tax-exempt organization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...— (A) Exempt from (or not subject to) taxation without regard to section 501(a); or (B) Relieved from... organization described in section 501(c)(3) or (4), so long as that determination or adjudication is not based... substantially all of its support (other than gross investment income) from sources outside of the United States...

  3. Maltreatment and Depression in Adolescent Sexual Offenders with an Autism Spectrum Disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walters, Jessica Bleil; Hughes, Tammy L.; Sutton, Lawrence R.; Marshall, Stephanie N.; Crothers, Laura M.; Lehman, Cathryn; Paserba, Dave; Talkington, Vanessa; Taormina, Rochelle; Huang, Ann

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the self-reported presence and severity of abuse, neglect, and depressive symptoms for 43 adolescents adjudicated delinquent due to a sexual offense. Twenty-seven of the adolescent sexual offenders were also diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder, and 16 did not carry an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis. Both groups…

  4. 8 CFR 3.0 - Executive Office for Immigration Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Executive Office for Immigration Review 3.0... IMMIGRATION REVIEW § 3.0 Executive Office for Immigration Review Regulations of the Executive Office for Immigration Review relating to the adjudication of immigration matters before immigration judges (referred to...

  5. Learning to share the resource and the responsibility in an Andean ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Cathy Egan

    The researchers devised a simple water flow meter that could be built and used locally. By involving local people in regu- lar participatory monitoring of key points in the irrigation network, they built up a much better picture of actual flows and uses. Soon the water adjudicator, Pedro Loyo, began to use the evidence collected ...

  6. 28 CFR 90.102 - What are the purposes of the grant program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... personnel, and local law enforcement to reduce violent crimes against women on campus. ... WOMEN Grants To Combat Violent Crimes Against Women on Campuses § 90.102 What are the purposes of the..., investigation, and adjudication of persons committing violent crimes against women on campus; (b) To train...

  7. Those Who Do Not Return: Correlates of the Work and School Engagement of Formerly Incarcerated Youth Who Remain in the Community.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bullis, Michael; Yovanoff, Paul

    2002-01-01

    A 5-year study investigated the relationship of selected variables to engagement (working, attending school, or both) status of 108 formerly incarcerated youth. Participants whose first formal adjudication occurred after 14 and were not gang-involved were more likely to be engaged, as were those who received mental health services. (Contains…

  8. Community Reintegration Outcomes for Formerly Incarcerated Adolescent Fathers and Nonfathers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unruh, Deanne; Bullis, Michael; Yovanoff, Paul

    2003-01-01

    Data from the study, Transition Research on Adjudicated Youth in Community Settings, were used to examine community integration outcomes for the subgroup of adolescent fathers. Juvenile offenders who were fathers were found to return to the correctional system at a higher rate than nonfathers, but fathers who remained in the community were…

  9. The Problems of Proving Actual or Apparent Bias: An Analysis of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article takes a critical look at the divergent approaches of courts in constructing the meaning of actual and apparent bias in adjudicative contexts. ... which has seemingly emerged is that which weighs the allegations of bias against the presumption of impartiality and the requirements of the double reasonableness test.

  10. Student Complainants--Vexatious or Vulnerable?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Millward, Christine V.

    2016-01-01

    In December 2014, the Office of the Independent Adjudicator (OIA) introduced the "Good practice framework for handling complaints and academic appeals" which will inform external judgement on each university's approach to conflict management from the current academic year 2015-2016. The framework aims to improve the complaint process for…

  11. 20 CFR 405.310 - How to request a hearing before an administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... administrative law judge. 405.310 Section 405.310 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Administrative Law Judge Hearing § 405.310 How to request a hearing before an administrative law judge. (a) Written request. You must request...

  12. 20 CFR 405.371 - Notice of the decision of an administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Notice of the decision of an administrative law judge. 405.371 Section 405.371 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Administrative Law Judge Hearing § 405.371...

  13. 20 CFR 405.331 - Submitting evidence to an administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Submitting evidence to an administrative law judge. 405.331 Section 405.331 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Administrative Law Judge Hearing § 405.331 Submitting...

  14. 20 CFR 405.301 - Hearing before an administrative law judge-general.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Hearing before an administrative law judge-general. 405.301 Section 405.301 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Administrative Law Judge Hearing § 405.301 Hearing...

  15. 20 CFR 405.317 - Objections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Administrative Law Judge Hearing § 405.317 Objections. (a) Time and place. (1) If you object to the time or place of your hearing, you must notify the administrative law judge in writing at the...

  16. 20 CFR 405.383 - Effect of dismissal of a request for a hearing before an administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... hearing before an administrative law judge. 405.383 Section 405.383 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Administrative Law Judge Hearing § 405.383 Effect of dismissal of a request for a hearing before an administrative law judge. The...

  17. 20 CFR 405.380 - Dismissal of a request for a hearing before an administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... an administrative law judge. 405.380 Section 405.380 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Administrative Law Judge Hearing § 405.380 Dismissal of a request for a hearing before an administrative law judge. An...

  18. 20 CFR 405.370 - Decision by the administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Decision by the administrative law judge. 405.370 Section 405.370 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Administrative Law Judge Hearing § 405.370 Decision by the...

  19. 20 CFR 405.316 - Notice of a hearing before an administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Notice of a hearing before an administrative law judge. 405.316 Section 405.316 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Administrative Law Judge Hearing § 405.316...

  20. 20 CFR 405.305 - Availability of a hearing before an administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... administrative law judge. 405.305 Section 405.305 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Administrative Law Judge Hearing § 405.305 Availability of a hearing before an administrative law judge. You may request a hearing before an...

  1. 20 CFR 405.350 - Presenting evidence at a hearing before an administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... administrative law judge. 405.350 Section 405.350 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Administrative Law Judge Hearing § 405.350 Presenting evidence at a hearing before an administrative law judge. (a) The right to appear and...

  2. 20 CFR 405.382 - Vacating a dismissal of a request for a hearing before an administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... hearing before an administrative law judge. 405.382 Section 405.382 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Administrative Law Judge Hearing § 405.382 Vacating a dismissal of a request for a hearing before an administrative law judge. If...

  3. 20 CFR 405.381 - Notice of dismissal of a request for a hearing before an administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... hearing before an administrative law judge. 405.381 Section 405.381 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Administrative Law Judge Hearing § 405.381 Notice of dismissal of a request for a hearing before an administrative law judge. We...

  4. 20 CFR 405.372 - Finality of an administrative law judge's decision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Finality of an administrative law judge's decision. 405.372 Section 405.372 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Administrative Law Judge Hearing § 405.372 Finality of...

  5. Metonymy as Referential Dependency: Psycholinguistic and Neurolinguistic Arguments for a Unified Linguistic Treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piñango, Maria M.; Zhang, Muye; Foster-Hanson, Emily; Negishi, Michiro; Lacadie, Cheryl; Constable, R. Todd

    2017-01-01

    We examine metonymy at psycho- and neurolinguistic levels, seeking to adjudicate between two possible processing implementations (one- vs. two-mechanism). We compare highly conventionalized "systematic metonymy" (producer-for-product: "All freshmen read 'O'Connell'") to lesser-conventionalized "circumstantial…

  6. 24 CFR 14.205 - Net worth exhibit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Development IMPLEMENTATION OF THE EQUAL ACCESS TO JUSTICE ACT IN ADMINISTRATIVE PROCEEDINGS Information... public disclosure of information in any portion of the exhibit and believes there are legal grounds for... applicant seeks an award, but need not be served on any other party to the proceeding. If the adjudicative...

  7. 16 CFR 3.82 - Information required from applicants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE PROCEEDINGS Recovery of Awards Under the Equal Access to Justice Act... information in any portion of the exhibit and believes there are legal grounds for withholding it from... interest. The material in question shall be served on complaint counsel but need not be served on any other...

  8. 45 CFR 33.6 - Hearings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... adjudication and need not take the form of an evidentiary hearing, i.e., the rules of evidence need not apply... information developed at the hearing, as soon as practicable after the hearing, but not later than sixty (60) days after the date on which the hearing petition was received by the creditor agency, unless the...

  9. 5 CFR 1639.23 - Hearing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... creditor agency may be represented by legal counsel. The employee may represent himself or herself or may... involved). The hearing is not an adversarial adjudication and need not take the form of an evidentiary... decision, based upon documentary evidence and information developed at the hearing, as soon as practical...

  10. No longer in suspense: Clarifying the human rights jurisdiction of the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Unfortunately, the same judgment resulted in the suspension of the SADC Tribunal in 2010 because it had purportedly acted beyond its mandate when it adjudicated over a case concerning a human rights dispute. This article investigates whether the SADC Tribunal had jurisdiction to deal with cases involving allegations of ...

  11. 20 CFR 405.332 - Subpoenas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Administrative Law Judge Hearing § 405.332 Subpoenas. (a) When it is reasonably necessary for the full presentation of a claim, an administrative law judge may, on his or her own initiative or at your...

  12. 14 CFR 406.119 - Computation of time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Computation of time. 406.119 Section 406... in FAA Space Transportation Adjudications § 406.119 Computation of time. (a) This section applies to..., after which a designated time period begins to run, is not included in a computation of time under this...

  13. 38 CFR 3.15 - Computation of service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Computation of service. 3.15 Section 3.15 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation General § 3.15 Computation of service...

  14. NOTES ON THE PRINCIPLE “BEST INTEREST OF THE CHILD ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    eliasn

    1990-09-02

    Sep 2, 1990 ... NOTES ON THE PRINCIPLE: “BEST INTEREST OF THE CHILD”. 335 the Federal Courts Proclamation No. 25/1996. What is not allowed for the courts to do, in fact, is adjudicating constitutional cases, which is the power of the. House of Federation; but citing provisions from the Constitution and making it.

  15. 77 FR 31851 - Privacy Act System of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-30

    ... Adjudicative Body--In a proceeding when: (a) the FCC or any component thereof; (b) any employee of the FCC in... maintaining civil, criminal, intelligence, national security, or other relevant enforcement records, or other... Intelligence Matters--Disclosure of these records may be made to Federal, State, local agencies, or other...

  16. 77 FR 26755 - Office of Inspector General; Privacy Act of 1974; Systems of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-07

    ... organizations (federal, state, local or international) and intelligence information; information of criminal... where required in response to compulsory legal process. (B) To Federal intelligence community agencies... before any court, adjudicative or administrative body, when: (i) Ex-Im Bank; (ii) any employee of Ex-Im...

  17. 28 CFR 64.2 - Designated officers and employees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... perform debt collection functions; (g) U.S. Trustees and Assistant U.S. Trustees; bankruptcy analysts and... pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 3105; and (bb) Employees of the Office of Workers' Compensation Programs of the Department of Labor who adjudicate and administer claims under the Federal Employees' Compensation Act, the...

  18. Forensic telepsychiatry : a possible solution for South Africa? | Mars ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: South Africa has a shortage of facilities and psychiatrists to assess adjudicative competence of prisoners awaiting assessment under sections 77 to 79 of the Criminal Procedures Act of 1977. Various solutions have been proposed by the Department of Health. The recent linking of a Magistrate's court and a prison ...

  19. 38 CFR 17.161 - Authorization of outpatient dental treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... dental condition or disability adjudicated as resulting from combat wounds or service trauma may be... outpatient dental treatment. 17.161 Section 17.161 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS MEDICAL Dental Services § 17.161 Authorization of outpatient dental treatment. Outpatient...

  20. 49 CFR 511.49 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Fees. 511.49 Section 511.49 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ADJUDICATIVE PROCEDURES Hearings § 511.49 Fees. (a) Witnesses. Any person compelled...

  1. overhauling the national industrial court act: a pathway to effective ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DJFLEX

    The National Industrial Court was established in 1976 with the aim of adjudicating on labour matters brought ... proportions. Public policy, well fashioned to deal with conflict situations in employment became more interventionist and revolutionary. These conflicts, often .... statement of facts establishing the cause of action,.

  2. 34 CFR 21.2 - Time period when the Act applies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Time period when the Act applies. 21.2 Section 21.2 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education EQUAL ACCESS TO JUSTICE General § 21.2 Time period when the Act applies. The Act applies to any adversary adjudication covered under this part...

  3. 49 CFR 1572.9 - Applicant information required for HME security threat assessment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...) Has not been adjudicated as lacking mental capacity or committed to a mental health facility... lacking mental capacity, or committed to a mental health facility. (c) The applicant must certify and date... security threat assessment. Routine Uses: Routine uses of this information include disclosure to the FBI to...

  4. 32 CFR 147.11 - Guideline I-Emotional, mental, and personality disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... CLASSIFIED INFORMATION Adjudication § 147.11 Guideline I—Emotional, mental, and personality disorders. (a) The concern: Emotional, mental, and personality disorders can cause a significant deficit in an... professional that an individual's previous emotional, mental, or personality disorder is cured, under control...

  5. 45 CFR 689.4 - Role of awardee institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... criminal law; (4) Research activities should be suspended; (5) Federal action may be needed to protect the... Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued) NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION RESEARCH... prevention and detection of research misconduct and for the inquiry, investigation, and adjudication of...

  6. 8 CFR 208.14 - Approval, denial, referral, or dismissal of application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... immigration judge, together with the appropriate charging document, for adjudication in removal proceedings... asylum interview, an asylum officer may refer the applicant directly to an immigration judge in removal... REGULATIONS PROCEDURES FOR ASYLUM AND WITHHOLDING OF REMOVAL Asylum and Withholding of Removal § 208.14...

  7. 8 CFR 208.16 - Withholding of removal under section 241(b)(3)(B) of the Act and withholding of removal under the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., deportation, or removal proceedings, an immigration judge may adjudicate both an asylum claim and a request... withholding of removal under the Convention Against Torture, the immigration judge shall first determine... judge determines that the alien is more likely than not to be tortured in the country of removal, the...

  8. 77 FR 47800 - Adoption of Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-10

    ... judge in the exercise of his or her discretion. 11. EOIR should expand its review of stipulated removals... of trial counsel in immigration removal proceedings; (b) Instructing judges to document, in the..., immigration removal adjudication, the Paperwork Reduction Act, and improving coordination of related agency...

  9. 8 CFR 1208.16 - Withholding of removal under section 241(b)(3)(B) of the Act and withholding of removal under the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...) of the Act. In exclusion, deportation, or removal proceedings, an immigration judge may adjudicate... not to be tortured in the country of removal. If the immigration judge determines that the alien is... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Withholding of removal under section 241(b...

  10. Trust in the Shadow of the Courts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brennan, G.; Güth, W.; Kliemt, H.

    1997-01-01

    If contract enforcers must be randomly selected from the same population and thus are as opportunistic as ordinary traders could a system of adjudication nevertheless increase the degree to which contractual obligations on large anonymous markets are fulfilled? Adopting an indirect evolutionary

  11. An optimized outlier detection algorithm for jury-based grading of engineering design projects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thompson, Mary Kathryn; Espensen, Christina; Clemmensen, Line Katrine Harder

    2016-01-01

    This work characterizes and optimizes an outlier detection algorithm to identify potentially invalid scores produced by jury members while grading engineering design projects. The paper describes the original algorithm and the associated adjudication process in detail. The impact of the various...

  12. 77 FR 73051 - Agency Information Collection Activities; Proposed Collection; Comments Requested: Claims of U.S...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-07

    ... Collection; Comments Requested: Claims of U.S. Nationals for Compensation for Serious Personal Injuries Against the Government of Iraq and Referred to the Foreign Claims Settlement Commission by the Department..., examine, adjudicate and render final decisions with respect to claims for [[Page 73052

  13. 32 CFR 751.4 - Construction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Claims Act provide limited compensation to service members and civilian employees of the DON for loss and damage to personal property incurred incident to service. This limited compensation is not a substitute... provisions shall be broadly construed to provide reasonable compensation on meritorious claims. Adjudications...

  14. 78 FR 42982 - Submission for Review: Information Collection; Questionnaire for Non-Sensitive Positions (SF 85)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-18

    ... Government civilian or military positions, or positions in private entities performing work for the Federal... adjudication. The SF 85 is completed by civilian employees of the Federal Government, military personnel, and... Security Number and provide the results to OPM. Clarifying language was added to the Authorization for...

  15. Ethnic and Gender Discrimination in the Americas : the Case of ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    The research will be grounded in women's experiences, and complemented by the use of sociological and legal instruments, as well as an adjudicative strategy that makes use of national legal systems and the Inter-American Human Rights system. The research is expected to contribute to social and legal reforms aimed at ...

  16. 8 CFR 245a.19 - Interviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Interviews. 245a.19 Section 245a.19 Aliens... Interviews. (a) All aliens filing applications for adjustment of status with the Service under this section must be personally interviewed, except that the adjudicative interview may be waived for a child under...

  17. Comparison of zotarolimus-eluting and everolimus-eluting coronary stents

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Serruys, Patrick W; Silber, Sigmund; Garg, Scot

    2010-01-01

    New-generation coronary stents that release zotarolimus or everolimus have been shown to reduce the risk of restenosis. However, it is unclear whether there are differences in efficacy and safety between the two types of stents on the basis of prospectively adjudicated end points endorsed...

  18. Download this PDF file

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    chifaou.amzat

    2017-05-19

    May 19, 2017 ... Council for the Development of Social Science Research in Africa, 2017. (ISSN: 0850-3907). Dispute ... Keywords: election adjudication, election disputes in Africa, electoral justice, election petitions, electoral ... in 45 out of the 48 countries in sub-Saharan Africa (Brown & Kaiser 2007). More countries have ...

  19. 38 CFR 3.40 - Philippine and Insular Forces.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Philippine and Insular... ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation General § 3.40 Philippine and Insular Forces. (a) Regular Philippine Scouts. Service in the Philippine Scouts (except that described in...

  20. 27 CFR 555.142 - Relief from disabilities (effective January 24, 2003).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... applicant will be notified of the deficiency in the application. If the application is not corrected and... adjudicated a mental defective or committed to a mental institution, unless the applicant was subsequently determined by a court, board, commission, or other lawful authority to have been restored to mental...

  1. 39 CFR 912.5 - Administrative claim; when presented.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Section 912.5 Postal Service UNITED STATES POSTAL SERVICE PROCEDURES PROCEDURES TO ADJUDICATE CLAIMS FOR... obtained from the local District Tort Claims Coordinator, the National Tort Center, or online at usa.gov... amended by the claimant at any time prior to: (1) The claimant's exercise of the option to file a civil...

  2. 19 CFR 210.58 - Provisional acceptance of the motion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... constitutes provisional acceptance for referral of the motion to the chief administrative law judge, who will... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Provisional acceptance of the motion. 210.58... PRACTICES IN IMPORT TRADE ADJUDICATION AND ENFORCEMENT Temporary Relief § 210.58 Provisional acceptance of...

  3. 10 CFR 26.4 - FFD program applicability to categories of individuals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...) Performs quality assurance, quality control, or quality verification activities related to safety- or...) Adjudicating reviews or appeals of access authorization determinations; (vi) Auditing the access authorization... this part, who do not routinely provide FFD program services to a licensee or other entity in this part...

  4. European Council of Legal Medicine (ECLM) accreditation of forensic pathology services in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mangin, P; Bonbled, F; Väli, M

    2015-01-01

    Forensic experts play a major role in the legal process as they offer professional expert opinion and evidence within the criminal justice system adjudicating on the innocence or alleged guilt of an accused person. In this respect, medico-legal examination is an essential part of the investigation...

  5. Using a Prescreening Rubric for All-State Violin Selection: Influences of Performance and Teaching Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geringer, John M.; Allen, Michael L.; MacLeod, Rebecca B.; Scott, Laurie

    2009-01-01

    Performance assessment is an integral part of young musicians' development. Students enrolled in music programs frequently participate in adjudication festivals and many audition for select ensembles. Outcomes of such events are deemed consequential among all concerned: students, parents, teachers, and administrators. Furthermore, the number of…

  6. 76 FR 59927 - Treatment of Aliens Whose Employment Creation Immigrant (EB-5) Petitions Were Approved After...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-28

    ...-0029] RIN 1615-AA90 Treatment of Aliens Whose Employment Creation Immigrant (EB-5) Petitions Were... qualifying aliens whose employment-creation immigrant petitions were approved by the former Immigration and...-273 Provisions C. Summary of the Adjudications Required by Public Law 107-273 III. Aliens Eligible To...

  7. 39 CFR 265.6 - Availability of records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... disapprove a proposed closing or consolidation, all advisory opinions concerning the private express statutes... adjudication of cases, Postal Service policy statements which may be relied on as precedents in the disposition... or financial information, obtained from any person. (3) Information of a commercial nature, including...

  8. 38 CFR 3.1608 - Nonallowable expenses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Nonallowable expenses. 3.1608 Section 3.1608 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION.... Such as items of food and drink. (b) Duplicate items. Any item or cost of any item or service, such as...

  9. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... All Events Weekly Calendar Weekly Calendar Archive Speeches Audio/Video Featured Videos FTC Events For Consumers For ... Adjudicative Proceedings You are here Home » News & Events » Audio/Video » Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam Anatomy ...

  10. 10 CFR 710.5 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Offices; the Manager, National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) Service Center; for Washington, DC area cases, the Director, Office of Security Operations; and any person designated in writing to serve... have been subject to a favorably adjudicated background investigation. Local Director of Security means...

  11. 42 CFR 136.416 - When should the IHS deny employment or dismiss an employee?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... violence; sexual assault, molestation, exploitation, contact, or prostitution; crimes against persons; or... SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH Indian Child... over Indian children, and it has been adjudicated, pursuant to § 136.414 and § 136.415, that the...

  12. 5 CFR 1201.156 - Time for processing appeals involving allegations of discrimination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... in appeal. When an appellant alleges prohibited discrimination in the appeal, the judge will decide... appeal, but has raised the issue later in the proceeding, the judge will decide both the issue of... remanded to agency. When the judge remands an issue of discrimination to the agency, adjudication will be...

  13. 13 CFR 134.709 - When will a Judge dismiss an appeal?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false When will a Judge dismiss an....709 When will a Judge dismiss an appeal? (a) The presiding Judge will dismiss the appeal if the appeal is untimely filed under § 134.703. (b) The matter has been decided or is the subject of adjudication...

  14. 75 FR 31699 - Indian Self-Determination Act Contracts and Annual Funding Agreements-Appeal Procedures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-04

    ... DOI are heard by IBIA, most are heard initially by administrative law judges (ALJs) within DOI, with a... between section 900.177 and the referenced DOI EAJA regulations over who initially decides EAJA claims... DOI or HHS will be heard initially by the adjudicative officer who decided the merits, whether an ALJ...

  15. 20 CFR 405.315 - Time and place for a hearing before an administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... administrative law judge will decide whether to have that person appear in person or by video teleconference... administrative law judge. 405.315 Section 405.315 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Administrative Law Judge Hearing § 405...

  16. 20 CFR 667.830 - When will the Administrative Law Judge issue a decision?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false When will the Administrative Law Judge issue... Adjudication and Judicial Review § 667.830 When will the Administrative Law Judge issue a decision? (a) The ALJ... ARB must be decided within 180 days of acceptance. If not so decided, the decision of the ALJ...

  17. 76 FR 71374 - Joseph Giacchino, M.D.; Decision and Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-17

    ....; Decision and Order On July 9, 2010, Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) Timothy D. Wing, issued the attached... its entirety including the ALJ's recommended decision, I have decided to adopt the ALJ's rulings... Administrative Law Judge Timothy D. Wing, Administrative Law Judge. This proceeding is an adjudication governed...

  18. Edward Elgar Publishing Cheltenham, UK 2016

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    MJM Venter

    2017-05-16

    May 16, 2017 ... He challenges the pivotal role given to judges in constitutional adjudication. Keywords. Judicial ... constitutional scholars, and hopefully in the chambers of senior judges around the world. The customary ... This leaves it to the electorate to decide in regular popular elections whether the manner in which the ...

  19. 20 CFR 405.320 - Administrative law judge hearing procedures-general.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) Conduct of the hearing. The administrative law judge will decide the order in which the evidence will be... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Administrative law judge hearing procedures... PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Administrative Law Judge Hearing § 405.320...

  20. 76 FR 71370 - Silviu Ziscovici, M.D.; Decision and Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-17

    ....; Decision and Order On December 10, 2010, Administrative Law Judge (ALJ) Timothy D. Wing, issued the... record in its entirety including the ALJ's recommended decision, I have decided to adopt the ALJ's... Administrative Law Judge Timothy D. Wing, Administrative Law Judge. This proceeding is an adjudication governed...

  1. 20 CFR 405.365 - Consolidated hearing before an administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... before us. (2) If the administrative law judge consolidates the claims, he or she will decide both claims... law judge. 405.365 Section 405.365 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Administrative Law Judge Hearing § 405.365...

  2. 76 FR 14592 - Surety Companies Doing Business With the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-17

    ... issue a certificate if Treasury decides the surety's articles of incorporation authorize it to engage in... department, court, judge, officer, board, or body executive, legislative, or judicial required to approve or... of the Treasury Reviewing Official and the Treasury Deciding Official in the adjudicative process...

  3. 78 FR 39021 - Privacy Act of 1974; Privacy and Civil Liberties Oversight Board; System of Records Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-28

    ... number) information, and proof of identification; names and other information about persons who are the...) information, and proof of identification; names, addresses, and telephone numbers of submitters of requested... before any court, adjudicative or administrative body, when it is necessary to the litigation and one of...

  4. 78 FR 73535 - Privacy Act System of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-06

    ...., individuals residing in a single household). Individuals may qualify for Lifeline through proof of income or... for Lifeline through proof of income or proof of participation in another qualifying program. The... adjudicative body in a proceeding when: (a) The Agency or any component thereof; or (b) any employee of the...

  5. 76 FR 45767 - Privacy Act of 1974, as Amended

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-01

    ..., including name, social security number (SSNs may be submitted with documentation or as proof of... body, where (i) The United States is a party to or has an interest in the litigation, including where... court, adjudicative body, or other administrative body, where the use of such information by the DOJ is...

  6. 75 FR 57233 - 340B Drug Pricing Program Administrative Dispute Resolution Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-20

    ... of proof; evidence; and post-hearing briefs. (5) Decision-making Official or Body HRSA expects to... establish a decision making official or decision- making body within the Department of Health and Human... administrative official or body responsible for adjudicating such claim; (iv) Require that a manufacturer conduct...

  7. 40 CFR 35.940-2 - Unallowable costs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ....940-2 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY GRANTS AND OTHER FEDERAL ASSISTANCE STATE AND LOCAL ASSISTANCE Grants for Construction of Treatment Works-Clean Water Act § 35.940-2... determined by adjudication, arbitration, negotiation, or otherwise; (d) Fines and penalties due to violations...

  8. 14 CFR 406.109 - Administrative law judges-powers and limitations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Administrative law judges-powers and... Rules of Practice in FAA Space Transportation Adjudications § 406.109 Administrative law judges—powers and limitations. (a) Powers of an administrative law judge. In accordance with the rules of this...

  9. 24 CFR 1720.140 - Administrative law judge, powers and duties.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 5 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Administrative law judge, powers... PROCEDURES AND RULES OF PRACTICE Adjudicatory Proceedings General Provisions § 1720.140 Administrative law judge, powers and duties. (a) Hearings in adjudicative proceedings shall be presided over by a duly...

  10. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Competition Matters Tech@FTC Comment Policy Contests IoT Home Inspector Challenge Robocalls: Humanity Strikes Back DetectaRobo Zapping ... File Documents in Adjudicative Proceedings You are here Home » News & Events » Audio/Video » Anatomy of a Cancer ...

  11. DeKalb Alternative School: An Atmosphere of Caring.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monferdini, John; Maloof, Noel; Davis, Dwayne; Shreve, Kat

    2001-01-01

    An alternative public school in Atlanta (Georgia) for expelled, violent, and adjudicated youth from grades 4-12 is described. Challenge courses and adventure initiatives are used to develop self-awareness, trust, empathy, communication, character, problem solving, conflict resolution, and leadership skills that translate into improved academic…

  12. 76 FR 5733 - Clothing Allowance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-02

    ... DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS 38 CFR Part 3 RIN 2900-AN64 Clothing Allowance AGENCY: Department... to amend its adjudication regulations regarding clothing allowances. The amendment would provide for annual clothing allowances for each qualifying prosthetic or orthopedic appliance worn or used by a...

  13. Determination of the underlying cause of death in three multicenter international HIV clinical trials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lifson, Alan R; Lundgren, Jens; Belloso, Waldo H

    2008-01-01

    PURPOSE: Describe processes and challenges for an Endpoint Review Committee (ERC) in determining and adjudicating underlying causes of death in HIV clinical trials. METHOD: Three randomized HIV trials (two evaluating interleukin-2 and one treatment interruption) enrolled 11,593 persons from 36 co...

  14. Disagreements between central clinical events committee and site investigator assessments of myocardial infarction end-points in an international clinical trial: review of the PURSUIT study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K.W. Mahaffey (Kenneth); R.A. Harrington (Robert Alex); N.S. Kleiman (Neal); L.G. Berdan (Lisa); B.S. Crenshaw (Brian); B.E. Tardiff (Barbara); C.B. Granger (Christopher); I. DeJong (Ingrid); M. Bhapkar (Manju); P. Widimsky (Petr); R. Corbalon (Ramón); K.L. Lee (Kerry); J.W. Deckers (Jaap); M.L. Simoons (Maarten); E.J. Topol (Eric); R.M. Califf (Robert); K.M. Akkerhuis (Martijn)

    2001-01-01

    textabstractAbstract: Background Limited information has been published regarding how specific processes for event adjudication can affect event rates in trials. We reviewed nonfatal myocardial infarctions (MIs) reported by site investigators in the international Platelet Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa in

  15. Disagreements between central clinical events committee and site investigator assessments of myocardial infarction end- points in an international clinical trial: Review of the PURSUIT study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K.W. Mahaffey (Kenneth); R.A. Harrington (Robert Alex); K.M. Akkerhuis (Martijn); N.S. Kleiman (Neal); L.G. Berdan (Lisa); B.S. Crenshaw (Brian); B.E. Tardiff (Barbara); C.B. Granger (Christopher); I. DeJong (Ingrid); M. Bhapkar (Manju); P. Widimsky (Petr); R. Corbalon (Ramón); K.L. Lee (Kerry); J.W. Deckers (Jaap); M.L. Simoons (Maarten); E.J. Topol (Eric); R.M. Califf (Robert)

    2001-01-01

    textabstractBackground. Limited information has been published regarding how specific processes for event adjudication can affect event rates in trials. We reviewed nonfatal myocardial infarctions (MIs) reported by site investigators in the international Platelet Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa in Unstable

  16. 75 FR 16088 - Notice: Request for Substantive Comments on the EAC's Proposed Requirements for the Testing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-31

    .... (7) Technical Data Package. (8) Systems Users Manual. DATES: Comments must be received on or before 4..., adjudicative, or licensing provisions of the Administrative Procedures Act (APA). It is a voluntary effort by... intended to make any of the APA's rulemaking provisions applicable to development of this or future EAC...

  17. 75 FR 75954 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-07

    ... CN-383-a through CN-383-k that is submitted by cotton producers, ginners, warehousemen, cooperatives... various forms, AMS will collect information from the applicant to administer licensing provisions under the Act, to adjudicate contract disputes, and for the purpose of enforcing the PACA and its...

  18. 49 CFR 1016.105 - Eligibility of applicants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... an adversary relationship to the position taken by agency counsel, and it must have prevailed on one... cooperative association as defined in section 15(a) of the Agricultural Marketing Act (12 U.S.C. 1141j(a... the actual relationship between the affiliated entities. In addition, the adjudicative officer may...

  19. 77 FR 74878 - Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-18

    ... the Department of the Treasury in connection with the negotiation, adjudication, settlement and... records to be relevant to the proceeding; f. To a former employee of the Commission for purposes of... former employee that may be necessary for personnel-related or other official purposes where the...

  20. 14 CFR 406.137 - Intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Transportation Adjudications § 406.137 Intervention. (a) A person may file with the Federal Docket Management... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Intervention. 406.137 Section 406.137 Aeronautics and Space COMMERCIAL SPACE TRANSPORTATION, FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF...

  1. 46 CFR 502.316 - Intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Intervention. 502.316 Section 502.316 Shipping FEDERAL MARITIME COMMISSION GENERAL AND ADMINISTRATIVE PROVISIONS RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE Formal Procedure for Adjudication of Small Claims § 502.316 Intervention. Intervention will ordinarily not be permitted. ...

  2. 16 CFR 3.14 - Intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Intervention. 3.14 Section 3.14 Commercial Practices FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION ORGANIZATION, PROCEDURES AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE PROCEEDINGS Pleadings § 3.14 Intervention. (a) Any individual, partnership, unincorporated...

  3. 77 FR 57589 - Certain Integrated Circuits, Chipsets, and Products Containing Same Including Televisions...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-18

    ... COMMISSION Certain Integrated Circuits, Chipsets, and Products Containing Same Including Televisions... Inc. of Hsinchu City, Taiwan (``MediaTek''); and Zoran Corporation of Sunnyvale, California (``Zoran... found that those Zoran products that were adjudicated in Integrated Circuits I are precluded under the...

  4. 5 CFR 9701.706 - MSPB appellate procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... is based on a finding of discrimination prohibited under 5 U.S.C. 2302(b)(1), the payment of... discipline in the workplace, an arbitrator, adjudicating official, or MSPB may not modify the penalty imposed... allegations of discrimination, judicial review of any final MSPB order or decision is as prescribed under 5 U...

  5. 76 FR 60935 - Notice of Application from ExxonMobil Corporation, Highland Uranium Mine and Millsite, To Amend...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-30

    ... Boundary to include the Highland Pit Lake and the Southeast Drainage. An NRC administrative review... proceeding; and (3) the possible effect of any order that may be entered in the proceeding on the petitioner... Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555-0001, Attention: Rulemaking and Adjudications Staff; or (2...

  6. Advancing Access to Justice for the Poor and Vulnerable through ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mizanie Abate, Alebachew Birhanu & Mihret Alemayehu

    adjudicating body to deliver judgment on the “claim in a fair and impartial fashion on the basis of the evidence and according to the applicable rules of law”.2. The right of access to justice is guaranteed in a number of global and regional human rights instruments which Ethiopia has adopted.3 In addition to the human.

  7. 7 CFR 273.18 - Claims against households.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... (iii) A person connected to the household, such as an authorized representative, who actually trafficks... by a household transacting an untampered expired Authorization to Participate (ATP) card. (c...: (i) The individual's admission; (ii) Adjudication; or (iii) The documentation that forms the basis...

  8. 77 FR 39117 - Equal Access to Justice Act Implementation Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-29

    ... violation of law or otherwise acted in bad faith, or special circumstances make an award unjust. ``Demand... adjudicative officer determines that such treatment would be unjust and contrary to the purposes of the Act in... treatment as a separate unit, unless the position of the Bureau was substantially justified. The burden of...

  9. 8 CFR 240.68 - Failure to appear at an interview before an asylum officer or failure to follow requirements for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... asylum officer or failure to follow requirements for fingerprinting. 240.68 Section 240.68 Aliens and... Removal Under Section 203 of Pub. L. 105-100 § 240.68 Failure to appear at an interview before an asylum... an adjudication by an asylum officer. A written request to reschedule will be granted if it is an...

  10. 8 CFR 1240.68 - Failure to appear at an interview before an asylum officer or failure to follow requirements for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... asylum officer or failure to follow requirements for fingerprinting. 1240.68 Section 1240.68 Aliens and... appear at an interview before an asylum officer or failure to follow requirements for fingerprinting. (a... application or waiver of the right to an adjudication by an asylum officer. A written request to reschedule...

  11. 8 CFR 208.9 - Procedure for interview before an asylum officer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedure for interview before an asylum... REGULATIONS PROCEDURES FOR ASYLUM AND WITHHOLDING OF REMOVAL Asylum and Withholding of Removal § 208.9 Procedure for interview before an asylum officer. (a) The Service shall adjudicate the claim of each asylum...

  12. Examining the Challenges of Cadastral Surveying Practice in Zambia

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    including adjudication, boundary definition and demarcation, surveying, registration, dispute resolution and .... SGO, only four are appointed as Government Surveyors who have the powers to approve cadastral survey records. ... hard copy survey diagrams to a digital seamless layer that is planned to be linked to the Land.

  13. 28 JURISDICTION OF THE INTERNATIONAL CRIMINAL COURT

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fr. Ikenga

    a result of hard negotiations, it was agreed that the Rome Statute prohibits the criminal responsibility of persons for ... a given court has the power to determine a jurisdictional question is itself a jurisdictional question. ... Legally defined, jurisdiction is the power of a court to adjudicate cases and issue orders. Traditionally, an ...

  14. 36 CFR 51.51 - What special terms must I know to understand leasehold surrender interest?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... opportunity to be heard, and give each party a fair opportunity to present its case. Adjudicative procedures... describe, consistent with the limitations of this part and the 1998 Act, the nature and type of specific...-living index approximating the national Consumer Price Index. Depreciation means the loss of value in a...

  15. 20 CFR 405.360 - Official record.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... in making the decision under review and any additional evidence or written statements that the... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Official record. 405.360 Section 405.360 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL...

  16. 76 FR 8352 - Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-14

    ... notices in its existing inventory of record systems subject to the Privacy Act of 1974, (5 U.S.C. 552a... of Personnel Management, Defense Intelligence Agency, Washington headquarters adjudication facility... System (February 22, 1993, 58 FR 10562). Reason: The identification badge system does not contain...

  17. Accuracy of Death Certificates in COPD: Analysis from the TORCH Trial

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drummond, M. Bradley; Wise, Robert A.; John, Matthias; Zvarich, Michael T.; McGarvey, Lorcan P.

    2016-01-01

    The Towards a Revolution in COPD Health (TORCH) trial was an international clinical trial of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) patients where cause of death was assigned by an independent committee. Comparison of death certificate data and adjudicated cause of death allows a unique opportunity to determine death certificate accuracy and frequency of COPD listing on death certificates of COPD patients. In this analysis, the authors determine the concordance between adjudicated cause of death and primary and secondary cause of death from death certificates. In 317 (80%) of informative deaths, the primary or secondary cause of death from certificates agreed with adjudicated cause of death. Only 229 (58%) of death certificates in these COPD patients listed COPD on the certificate. COPD was not listed on the death certificate in 21% of deaths adjudicated to be caused by COPD exacerbation. Compared with pulmonary causes, the listing of COPD on certificates occurred with less frequency than cardiovascular, cancer and other categories of death. The combined primary and secondary listing on death certificates has good concordance with actual cause of death. COPD is under-reported on death certificates, and this under-reporting is more frequent when the primary cause of death is not pulmonary. PMID:20486816

  18. 28 CFR 17.11 - Authority of the Assistant Attorney General for Administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... operational and security requirements and needs; (5) Develop special contingency plans for the safeguarding of... contract or other system used to rate personnel performance includes the management of classified... effective adjudicative training and guidelines; (10) Conduct periodic evaluations of the Department's...

  19. Effectiveness of the Brief Alcohol and Screening Intervention for College Students (BASICS) Program with a Mandated Population

    Science.gov (United States)

    DiFulvio, Gloria T.; Linowski, Sally A.; Mazziotti, Janet S.; Puleo, Elaine

    2012-01-01

    Objective: This study evaluated the effectiveness of a large-scale intervention designed to reduce alcohol abuse among adjudicated college students. Participants: Participants were college students mandated to attend a Brief Alcohol Screening and Intervention for College Students (BASICS) program and a randomly selected comparison group of…

  20. The Role of the DSM in IDEA Case Law

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zirkel, Perry A.

    2011-01-01

    The school psychologist plays a central role in eligibility and other determinations under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) not only at the school level but also, upon formal disputes, at the successive adjudicative levels of impartial hearing officers and courts. One of the sources of professional confusion that requires…

  1. Euthanasia and death with dignity: still poised on the fulcrum of homicide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Biggs, H

    1996-12-01

    This article questions whether the law of homicide is an appropriate mechanism to adjudicate the humanitarian issues involved in voluntary euthanasia; particularly where painful protracted dying appears inherently more harmful than euthanasia. The author suggests that even if euthanasia can provide death with dignity this will not be achieved while the law requires the undignified criminalisation of the practitioner.

  2. 38 CFR 3.11 - Homicide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Homicide. 3.11 Section 3.11 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation General § 3.11 Homicide. Any person who has...

  3. 78 FR 26623 - Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-07

    ... Form 3975, Military Police Reports-MPRs, and adjudication of the founded offense as guilty, not guilty... investigations, witnesses, victims, Military Police and U.S. Army Criminal Investigation Command personnel and...; AR 27-10, Military Justice; AR 380-67, Personnel Security Program; AR 600-8, Military Personnel...

  4. 77 FR 39572 - Assessment of Mediation and Arbitration Procedures

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-03

    ... Mediation and Arbitration Procedures AGENCY: Surface Transportation Board. ACTION: Notice of public hearing... regulations intended to increase the use of mediation and arbitration in lieu of formal adjudication to... mediation and arbitration procedures, in lieu of formal Board proceedings, wherever possible.\\2\\ To that end...

  5. Investigating alternative dispute resolution methods and the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Given the number of role players and the complexity of the building process, disputes are inevitable. As an alternative to litigation, which is often costly and time consuming, Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR) methods could be used. Arbitration, mediation, negotiation and adjudication are a few examples of ADR and, ...

  6. Practising virtue: inside international arbitration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Caron, D.D.; Schill, S.W.; Smutny, A.C.; Triantafilou, E.E.

    2015-01-01

    International arbitration has developed into a global system of adjudication, dealing with disputes arising from a variety of legal relationships: between states, between private commercial actors, and between private and public entities. It operates to a large extent according to its own rules and

  7. 38 CFR 3.314 - Basic pension determinations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Basic pension determinations. 3.314 Section 3.314 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation Ratings and Evaluations; Service...

  8. 38 CFR 3.803 - Naval pension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Naval pension. 3.803 Section 3.803 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation Special Benefits § 3.803 Naval pension. (a) Payment of...

  9. 38 CFR 3.378 - Changes from activity in pulmonary tuberculosis pension cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Changes from activity in pulmonary tuberculosis pension cases. 3.378 Section 3.378 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation...

  10. 38 CFR 3.713 - Effective dates of improved pension elections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Effective dates of improved pension elections. 3.713 Section 3.713 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation Concurrent...

  11. 38 CFR 3.16 - Service pension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Service pension. 3.16 Section 3.16 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation General § 3.16 Service pension. In computing the 70 or...

  12. 38 CFR 3.460 - Death pension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Death pension. 3.460 Section 3.460 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation Apportionments § 3.460 Death pension. Death pension...

  13. 38 CFR 3.24 - Improved pension rates-Surviving children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Improved pension rates-Surviving children. 3.24 Section 3.24 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation General § 3.24 Improved pension...

  14. 38 CFR 3.30 - Frequency of payment of improved pension and parents' dependency and indemnity compensation (DIC).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Frequency of payment of improved pension and parents' dependency and indemnity compensation (DIC). 3.30 Section 3.30 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and...

  15. 38 CFR 3.714 - Improved pension elections-public assistance beneficiaries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Improved pension elections-public assistance beneficiaries. 3.714 Section 3.714 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation...

  16. 38 CFR 3.342 - Permanent and total disability ratings for pension purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Permanent and total disability ratings for pension purposes. 3.342 Section 3.342 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation...

  17. 38 CFR 3.960 - Section 306 and old-law pension protection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Section 306 and old-law pension protection. 3.960 Section 3.960 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation Protection § 3.960...

  18. 38 CFR 3.701 - Elections of pension or compensation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Elections of pension or compensation. 3.701 Section 3.701 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation Concurrent Benefits and Elections...

  19. 38 CFR 3.274 - Relationship of net worth to pension entitlement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Relationship of net worth to pension entitlement. 3.274 Section 3.274 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation Regulations...

  20. 38 CFR 3.26 - Section 306 and old-law pension annual income limitations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Section 306 and old-law pension annual income limitations. 3.26 Section 3.26 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation General § 3...

  1. 38 CFR 3.711 - Improved pension elections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Improved pension elections. 3.711 Section 3.711 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation Concurrent Benefits and Elections...

  2. 38 CFR 3.453 - Veterans compensation or service pension or retirement pay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Veterans compensation or service pension or retirement pay. 3.453 Section 3.453 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation...

  3. 38 CFR 3.454 - Veterans disability pension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Veterans disability pension. 3.454 Section 3.454 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation Apportionments § 3.454 Veterans...

  4. 38 CFR 3.351 - Special monthly dependency and indemnity compensation, death compensation, pension and spouse's...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Special monthly dependency and indemnity compensation, death compensation, pension and spouse's compensation ratings. 3.351 Section 3.351 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension...

  5. 38 CFR 3.23 - Improved pension rates-Veterans and surviving spouses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Improved pension rates-Veterans and surviving spouses. 3.23 Section 3.23 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation General § 3...

  6. 38 CFR 3.28 - Automatic adjustment of section 306 and old-law pension income limitations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Automatic adjustment of section 306 and old-law pension income limitations. 3.28 Section 3.28 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity...

  7. 14 CFR 406.155 - Offer of proof.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Offer of proof. 406.155 Section 406.155... Transportation Adjudications § 406.155 Offer of proof. A party whose evidence has been excluded by a ruling of the administrative law judge may offer the evidence for the record on appeal. ...

  8. "Deterrability" among Gang and Nongang Juvenile Offenders: Are Gang Members More (or Less) Deterrable than Other Juvenile Offenders?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maxson, Cheryl L.; Matsuda, Kristy N.; Hennigan, Karen

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates the effect of the threat of legal sanctions on intentions to commit three types of offenses with a representative sample of 744 officially adjudicated youth with varying histories of offenses and gang involvement. In a departure from previous research, the authors find small severity effects for property crimes that are not…

  9. 45 CFR 2507.10 - What records are specifically exempt from disclosure?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... interpretations prepared by staff or consultants and records meant to be used as part of deliberations by staff... similar files. Included in this category are personnel and medical information files of staff, individual... enforcement proceedings; (2) Deprive a person of a right to a fair trial or an impartial adjudication; (3...

  10. 32 CFR 756.7 - Payment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... settled for $1,500.00 or less, may be adjudicated by the TCU Norfolk or single-service authority and... to the commanding officer. The TCU Norfolk or single-service authority will obtain the required... appropriated funds or may be referred to the TCU Norfolk for appropriate action. (d) Other claims. A NAFI's...

  11. 42 CFR 405.1118 - Obtaining evidence from the MAC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 405.1118 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM FEDERAL HEALTH INSURANCE FOR THE AGED AND DISABLED Determinations... time granted for the party's response will not be counted toward the 90 calendar day adjudication...

  12. 42 CFR 405.1042 - The administrative record.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ....1042 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES MEDICARE PROGRAM FEDERAL HEALTH INSURANCE FOR THE AGED AND DISABLED Determinations, Redeterminations... does not count toward the 90 calendar day adjudication deadline. [70 FR 11472, Mar. 8, 2005, as amended...

  13. 19 CFR 210.16 - Default.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Default. 210.16 Section 210.16 Customs Duties... ADJUDICATION AND ENFORCEMENT Motions § 210.16 Default. (a) Definition of default. (1) A party shall be found in default if it fails to respond to the complaint and notice of investigation in the manner prescribed in...

  14. Processing Disability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Jasmine

    2015-01-01

    This Article argues that the practice of holding so many adjudicative proceedings related to disability in private settings (e.g., guardianship, special education due process, civil commitment, and social security) relative to our strong normative presumption of public access to adjudication may cultivate and perpetuate stigma in contravention of the goals of inclusion and enhanced agency set forth in antidiscrimination laws. Descriptively, the law has a complicated history with disability--initially rendering disability invisible; later, underwriting particular narratives of disability synonymous with incapacity; and, in recent history, promoting the full socio-economic visibility of people with disabilities. The Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), the marquee civil rights legislation for people with disabilities (about to enter its twenty-fifth year), expresses a national approach to disability that recognizes the role of society in its construction, maintenance, and potential remedy. However, the ADA’s mission is incomplete. It has not generated the types of interactions between people with disabilities and nondisabled people empirically shown to deconstruct deeply entrenched social stigma. Prescriptively, procedural design can act as an "ntistigma agent"to resist and mitigate disability stigma. This Article focuses on one element of institutional design--public access to adjudication--as a potential tool to construct and disseminate counter-narratives of disability. The unique substantive focus in disability adjudication on questions of agency provides a potential public space for the negotiation of nuanced definitions of disability and capacity more reflective of the human condition.

  15. 78 FR 36307 - Proposed Information Collection (Wrist Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Activity...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-17

    ... Disability Benefits Questionnaire). Type of Review: New data collection. Abstract: The VA Form 21-0960M-16... Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Activity: Comment Request AGENCY: Veterans Benefits... solicits comments on information needed to adjudicate the claim for VA disability benefits related to a...

  16. 75 FR 55625 - Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-13

    ..., Conference ID: 1482323, Leader/Host: Debra Tidwell-Peters. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Type of meeting: The... of Occupational Titles used in the Social Security Administration's (SSA) disability determination... specifically for SSA's disability programs and adjudicative needs. The Panel's advice and recommendations will...

  17. 78 FR 38098 - Proposed Information Collection (Knee and Lower Leg Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Activity...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-25

    ... Control Number: 2900-NEW (Knee and Lower Leg Conditions Disability Benefits Questionnaire). Type of Review... and Lower Leg Disability Benefits Questionnaire) Activity: Comment Request AGENCY: Veterans Benefits... solicits comments on information needed to adjudicate the claim for VA disability benefits related to a...

  18. 75 FR 60170 - Proposed Information Collection (Disability Benefits Questionnaires) Activity: Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-29

    ... Disability Benefits Questionnaire, VA Form 21-0960c-1. OMB Control Number: 2900-0749. Type of Review... (Disability Benefits Questionnaires) Activity: Comment Request AGENCY: Veterans Benefits Administration.... This notice solicits comments on information needed to adjudicate a claim for disability benefits...

  19. Constitutional Provisions And Administrative Disciplinary Powers ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Medical and Dental Practitioners Disciplinary Tribunal is empowered to deal with all cases of professional discipline under the Medical and Dental Practitioners Act. This process of administrative adjudication is examined against the background of constitutional provision that affects the exercise of the powers of the ...

  20. 77 FR 37089 - Notice of Meeting of the Occupational Information Development Advisory Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-20

    ... adjudication; (2) Internal staff trained and experienced in the scientific design and research, and also in... foundation is inadequate, the structure will fail. We reiterate the importance of developing a taxonomic... strategy; (7) Data collection modes, subject matter experts, and the training and experience of those...

  1. Evaluation of a Single-Session Brief Motivational Enhancement Intervention for Partner Abusive Men

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crane, Cory A.; Eckhardt, Christopher I.

    2013-01-01

    The current study evaluated the efficacy of a single-session brief motivational enhancement (BME) interview to increase treatment compliance and reduce recidivism rates in a sample of 82 recently adjudicated male perpetrators of intimate partner violence (IPV). Batterer intervention program attendance and completion as well as re-arrest records…

  2. Toward the Nonpathological Assessment of Behavioral and Conduct Disordered Adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brannon, Marilyn E.; And Others

    1990-01-01

    Investigated behavioral problems of 113 adjudicated male juvenile offenders from the normalized, circumplex personality assessment perspective used in the Personal Styles Inventory. Findings suggest assessment model provides correctional practitioners a valid assessment, which is easily understood, sensitive to the needs of both the youth and…

  3. Patterns of Competence and Adjustment among Adolescents from Authoritative, Authoritarian, Indulgent, and Neglectful Homes: A Replication in a Sample of Serious Juvenile Offenders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinberg, Laurence; Blatt-Eisengart, Ilana; Cauffman, Elizabeth

    2006-01-01

    The correlates of authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent, and neglectful parenting were examined within a sample of 1,355 14- to 18-year-olds adjudicated of serious criminal offenses. The sample is composed primarily of poor, ethnic-minority youth living in impoverished urban neighborhoods. As has been found in community samples, juvenile…

  4. Pre-operative bladder irrigation with 1% Povidone iodine in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Purpose: The aim of the study is to assess the effectiveness of using preoperative bladder irrigation with 1% povidone iodine in reducing post transvesical prostatectomy surgical site infections. Study design: This was a prospective randomized cohort study with blinding of patients and outcome adjudicator regarding group ...

  5. 16. PRE-OPERATIVE BLADDER IRRIGATION

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Esem

    ABSTRACT. Purpose: The aim of the study is to assess the effectiveness of using preoperative bladder irrigation with 1% povidone iodine in reducing post transvesical prostatectomy surgical site infections. Study design: This was a prospective randomized cohort study with blinding of patients and outcome adjudicator.

  6. 20 CFR 405.30 - Discrimination complaints.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Discrimination complaints. 405.30 Section 405... INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Introduction, General Description, and Definitions § 405.30 Discrimination... that an adjudicator has improperly discriminated against you, you may file a discrimination complaint...

  7. 78 FR 57870 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Registration for Classification as Refugee; Revision of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-20

    ...-0068; Form I-590] Agency Information Collection Activities: Registration for Classification as Refugee... applicants to apply for refugee status and contains the information needed for USCIS to adjudicate such..., Sworn Statement of Refugee Applying for Admission into the United States. These questions assist USCIS...

  8. 77 FR 25225 - 60-Day Notice of Proposed Information Collection: DS 7655, Iraqi Citizens and Nationals Employed...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-27

    ... the processing and adjudication of refugee, asylum, special immigrant visa, and other immigration.... Amy B. Nelson, Acting Office Director, Office of Refugee Admissions, Bureau of Populations, Refugees, and Migration, Department of State. [FR Doc. 2012-10247 Filed 4-26-12; 8:45 am] BILLING CODE 4710-33-P ...

  9. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... at the FTC Apply to the FTC Testimonials News & Events Press Releases Commission Actions Media Resources Consumer ... Documents in Adjudicative Proceedings You are here Home » News & Events » Audio/Video » Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment ...

  10. Forced marriage as a crime against humanity

    OpenAIRE

    Czelusniak, Tanja Erika Andersen

    2016-01-01

    Forced marriage is one of the newest crimes against humanity adjudicated at international criminal tribunals. This thesis shall discuss the evolution of this new crime, asking: Has international jurisprudence come to a point of recognition of forced marriage as a separate crime against humanity and if so, is it viable?

  11. 78 FR 76507 - Revised Medical Criteria for Evaluating Cancer (Malignant Neoplastic Diseases)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-17

    ... situations in which positive surgical margins would not indicate unresectable cancer. We [[Page 76509... positive surgical margins. Proposed Section 13.00K--How do we evaluate specific cancers? We propose several... change in response to questions we have received from our adjudicators. We would remove the word...

  12. 20 CFR 220.179 - Exceptions to medical improvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... diabetes mellitus which the prior adjudicator believed was medically disabling. The prior record shows that the annuitant has “brittle” diabetes for which he was taking insulin. The annuitant's urine was 3+ for... are improvements in treatment or rehabilitative methods which have increased the annuitant's ability...

  13. 20 CFR 404.1579 - How we will determine whether your disability continues or ends.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... benefits on the basis of diabetes mellitus which the prior adjudicator believed was equivalent to the level... treatment or rehabilitative methods which have favorably affected the severity of your impairment(s). We...” diabetes for which you were taking insulin. Your urine was 3+ for sugar, and you alleged occasional...

  14. 77 FR 56717 - Specifications for Medical Examinations of Underground Coal Miners

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-13

    ... likely amend its Black Lung Benefits Act (BLBA) program regulations to correspond with this final rule... an element in claim processing and adjudication conducted by DOL's Black Lung Compensation Program... inhale excessive dust are known to develop a group of diseases of the lungs and airways, including...

  15. Fundamental rights and the European regulation of iConsumer contracts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mak, C.

    2008-01-01

    This paper addresses the question of how fundamental rights affect European legislation and adjudication on contracts regarding digital information services (iConsumer contracts). Fundamental rights may be seen as representing political choices for the protection of certain values in society, but at

  16. 29 CFR 1603.204 - Ex parte communications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Ex parte communications. 1603.204 Section 1603.204 Labor... THE GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEE RIGHTS ACT OF 1991 Hearings § 1603.204 Ex parte communications. (a) Oral or written communications concerning the merits of an adjudication between the administrative law judge or...

  17. 77 FR 58604 - Social Security Ruling (SSR), 12-1p; Title II: Determining Whether Work Performed in Self...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-21

    ... programs. We base SSRs on determinations or decisions made at all levels of administrative adjudication... activities such as self-care, household tasks, hobbies, therapy, school attendance, club activities, or... Operations Manual System sections DI 10501.015, DI 10515.005, and DI 10515.010. [FR Doc. 2012-23321 Filed 9...

  18. A Study of the Associations between Conditions of Performance and Characteristics of Performers and New York State Solo Performance Ratings

    Science.gov (United States)

    vonWurmb, Elizabeth C.

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation undertakes an analysis of 1,044 performance evaluations from New York State School Music Association (NYSSMA) Spring Festival solo adjudication ratings of student performers from a large suburban school district. It relies on results of evaluations of observed performances, and takes these evaluations as assessments of what the…

  19. 38 CFR 3.653 - Foreign residence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Foreign residence. 3.653 Section 3.653 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation Adjustments and Resumptions § 3.653 Foreign residence...

  20. 36 CFR 902.57 - Investigatory files compiled for law enforcement purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... enforcement proceedings; (2) Deprive a person of a right to a fair trial or an impartial adjudication; (3... and in the case of a record compiled by a criminal law enforcement authority in the courts of a criminal investigation, or by an agency conducting a lawful national security intelligence investigation...

  1. 45 CFR 74.2 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... COMMERCIAL ORGANIZATIONS General § 74.2 Definitions. Accrued expenditures mean the charges incurred by the... perform other review, adjudication and mediation services as assigned. Disallowed costs mean those charges... includes public and private institutions of higher education, public and private hospitals, commercial...

  2. 38 CFR 3.14 - Validity of enlistments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Validity of enlistments. 3.14 Section 3.14 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation General § 3.14 Validity of...

  3. 16 CFR 1025.62 - Authority for representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authority for representation. 1025.62 Section 1025.62 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE PROCEEDINGS Appearances, Standards of Conduct § 1025.62 Authority for representation. Any...

  4. Die rol van en beperkings op die regbank om sosiale vrede in Suid ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Judges however do not take these trends lying down and measures to rectify the situation are well underway. Fair, understandable, predictable and speedy adjudication without fear, favour or prejudice continues to be the contribution of judges to the protection of the South African democracy. KEYWORDS: Judiciary, social ...

  5. Comparison of zotarolimus-eluting and everolimus-eluting coronary stents

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Serruys, Patrick W; Silber, Sigmund; Garg, Scot

    2010-01-01

    New-generation coronary stents that release zotarolimus or everolimus have been shown to reduce the risk of restenosis. However, it is unclear whether there are differences in efficacy and safety between the two types of stents on the basis of prospectively adjudicated end points endorsed by the ...

  6. Acta Structilia: Editorial Policies

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... journal for independently adjudicated research articles on any topic in the field of the physical and development sciences on subjects in any applicable field of scholarship, i.e. architecture, urban and regional planning, quantity surveying, construction management and project management, building economy, engineering ...

  7. Acta Structilia

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Acta Structilia Journal is a South African accredited national journal for independently adjudicated research articles on any topic in the field of the physical and development sciences on subjects in any applicable field of scholarship, i.e. architecture, urban and regional planning, quantity surveying, construction management ...

  8. 16 CFR 3.71 - Authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authority. 3.71 Section 3.71 Commercial... ADJUDICATIVE PROCEEDINGS Reopening of Proceedings § 3.71 Authority. Except while pending in a U.S. court of.... Supreme Court, a proceeding may be reopened by the Commission at any time in accordance with § 3.72. Any...

  9. 16 CFR 1025.64 - Attorneys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Attorneys. 1025.64 Section 1025.64 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE... practice before any United States court or before the highest court of any State, the District of Columbia...

  10. 16 CFR 1025.49 - Fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Fees. 1025.49 Section 1025.49 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE PROCEEDINGS Hearings... paid witnesses in the courts of the United States, in accordance with title 28, United States Code...

  11. 16 CFR 1025.1 - Scope of rules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Scope of rules. 1025.1 Section 1025.1 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE... District Court in conjunction with an action by the Commission for injunctive or other appropriate relief...

  12. Liability to pay retirement benefits when contributions were not paid ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article addresses the conduct of employers who are associated with retirement funds, who have failed to pay their employees' contributions into such retirement funds. In particular, the article responds to the critique levelled at the approach adopted by both our courts and the office of the Pension Funds Adjudicator ...

  13. 12 CFR 19.101 - Delegation to OFIA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Delegation to OFIA. 19.101 Section 19.101 Banks and Banking COMPTROLLER OF THE CURRENCY, DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE... Comptroller, administrative adjudications subject to subpart A of this part shall be conducted by an...

  14. Neuroeconomics: Constructing identity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Davis, J.B.

    2010-01-01

    The paper asks whether neuroeconomics will make instrumental use of neuroscience to adjudicate existing disputes in economics or be more seriously transformed by neuroscience in ways that might transform economics. The paper pursues the question by asking how neuroscience constructs an understanding

  15. 38 CFR 3.384 - Psychosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Psychosis. 3.384 Section 3.384 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension....384 Psychosis. For purposes of this part, the term “psychosis” means any of the following disorders...

  16. 10 CFR 707.14 - Action pursuant to a determination of illegal drug use.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Action pursuant to a determination of illegal drug use... Procedures § 707.14 Action pursuant to a determination of illegal drug use. (a) When an applicant for... for appropriate adjudication. If this is the first determination of use of illegal drugs by that...

  17. 10 CFR 820.39 - Motions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... an enforcement adjudication except those made orally, shall be in writing, state the grounds therefor..., certificate, other evidence, or legal memorandum relied upon. (b) Answer to motions. Except as otherwise... to file a written answer to the motion of another party within 10 days after the filing of such...

  18. 78 FR 72146 - Motor Carrier Management Information System (MCMIS) Changes to Improve Uniformity in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-02

    ...-0457] Motor Carrier Management Information System (MCMIS) Changes to Improve Uniformity in the... Management Information System (MCMIS) to allow the Agency to upload the results of associated adjudicated... information concerning a citation associated with a violation that was dismissed or resulted in a finding of...

  19. A Charter School in Partnerships for At-Risk Youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Czaja, Marion D.; Belcher, Sandi

    This report describes and evaluates the Raven School, a charter school established in 1998 to serve adjudicated youths ages 16 to 18. The school is administered by the Gulf Coast Trades Center, a private nonprofit organization located in the Sam Houston National Forest in rural Texas. In addition to academics and GED preparation, other program…

  20. 32 CFR 147.15 - Guideline M-Misuse of Information technology systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Guideline M-Misuse of Information technology... CLASSIFIED INFORMATION Adjudication § 147.15 Guideline M—Misuse of Information technology systems. (a) The... ability to properly protect classified systems, networks, and information. Information Technology Systems...

  1. Report of the Ethics Committee, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2011

    2011-01-01

    In accordance with the bylaws of the American Psychological Association (APA), the Ethics Committee reports regularly to the membership regarding the number and types of ethics matters investigated and the major programs undertaken. In 2010, ethics adjudication, ethics education and consultation, and special projects were activities of the Ethics…

  2. SAJBL 319.indd

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    medical negligence courts, adjudication by way of expert screening panels, mediation,[29] periodical or staggered payouts[30] and defensive professional training).[3133] In an attempt to curtail the meteoric rise in legal and insurance costs emanating from medical negligence litigation, it is specifically the implementation of ...

  3. Conceptual Modeling (CM) for Military Modeling and Simulation (M&S) (Modelisation conceptuelle (MC) pour la modelisation et la simulation (M&S) militaires)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-01

    many industries, including aerospace, banking, computer hardware, software, defence, automobile manufacturing, and telecommunications, use CMMI for...including aerospace, banking, computer hardware, software, defence, automobile manufacturing, and telecommunications. All these industries can use CMMI...Conceptual Primitives Element Chassis , Articulation, Weapon, Sensor, Movement Adjudicator Event Activate Steering, Fire Command Behavior Steering

  4. 8 CFR 240.64 - Eligibility-general.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... applicant were deported or removed from the United States. In making such a determination, the adjudicator... extreme hardship if the applicant were deported or removed from the United States. (4) Effect of rebuttal... relative would suffer extreme hardship if the applicant were deported or removed from the United States...

  5. 21 CFR 20.64 - Records or information compiled for law enforcement purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... any other criminal law enforcement authority in the course of a criminal investigation or by an agency... AND HUMAN SERVICES GENERAL PUBLIC INFORMATION Exemptions § 20.64 Records or information compiled for...; (2) Would deprive a person to a right to a fair trial or an impartial adjudication; (3) Could...

  6. 75 FR 35512 - Agency Information Collection Activities: Proposed Request and Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-22

    ... adjudicators and reviewers with a narrative record and history of the alleged disability and with the objective....915--0960-0052. Using the state Disability Determination Services (DDS) as agents, SSA uses Form SSA-3826-F4 to make accurate determinations in disability claims cases. SSA uses the information from this...

  7. On Judicial and Quasi-Judicial Independence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Comtois, Suzanne; de Graaf, K.J.

    2013-01-01

    'Principles of judicial and quasi-judicial independence are fundamental to all democracies and yet, the notion of independence is still elusive. What is judicial and quasi-judicial independence and why is it important? From whom and what are the judiciary and other adjudicators to be independent? Is

  8. 10 CFR 2.1202 - Authority and role of NRC staff.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authority and role of NRC staff. 2.1202 Section 2.1202... ORDERS Informal Hearing Procedures for NRC Adjudications § 2.1202 Authority and role of NRC staff. (a) During the pendency of any hearing under this subpart, consistent with the NRC staff's findings in its...

  9. 10 CFR 2.709 - Discovery against NRC staff.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Discovery against NRC staff. 2.709 Section 2.709 Energy... Rules for Formal Adjudications § 2.709 Discovery against NRC staff. (a)(1) In a proceeding in which the NRC staff is a party, the NRC staff will make available one or more witnesses, designated by the...

  10. 75 FR 71368 - Erik Erb; Notice of Receipt of Petition for Rulemaking

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-23

    ... and Adjudications Staff. E-mail comments to: [email protected] . If you do not receive a... accessing the documents located in ADAMS, then contact the NRC's PDR reference staff at 800-397-4209, or 301... overtime must now ``pick up the slack,'' sometimes to the point of being forced to work overtime. The...

  11. 32 CFR 147.9 - Guideline G-Alcohol consumption.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Guideline G-Alcohol consumption. 147.9 Section... Adjudication § 147.9 Guideline G—Alcohol consumption. (a) The concern. Excessive alcohol consumption often... worker who is a staff member of a recognized alcohol treatment program; (5) Habitual or binge consumption...

  12. The Committee System For Competitive Bids In Local ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Municipal Supply Chain Management Regulations require a municipality's Supply Chain Management Policy to provide for a committee system to oversee the different stages. Such committee system must, moreover, consist of at least a bid specification committee, a bid evaluation committee and a bid adjudication ...

  13. 29 CFR 102.117 - Freedom of Information Act Regulations: Board materials and formal documents available for public...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Regional Directors in the adjudication of representation cases pursuant to the delegation of authority from... widespread and exceptional media interest in which there exist possible questions about the government's... media refers to any person actively gathering news for an entity that is organized and operated to...

  14. Potchefstroom Electronic Law Journal/Potchefstroomse Elektroniese ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    How could the pension funds adjudicator get it so wrong? a critique of Smith versus Eskom pension and provident fund · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. N Dyani, M.O Mhango. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/pelj.v13i2.60259 ...

  15. Genocidal gender and sexual violence. The legacy of the ICTR, Rwanda's ordinary courts and gacaca courts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kaitesi, U.

    2013-01-01

    This study has set out to investigate the legacy of post-genocide judicial institutions mandated to adjudicate cases of genocide and related offences vis-à-vis genocidal gender and sexual violence. The study takes the complex genocidal experience of victims of gender and sexual violence as the

  16. 32 CFR Attachment B to Subpart B... - Standard B-Single Scope Background Investigation (SSBI)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standard B-Single Scope Background Investigation (SSBI) B Attachment B to Subpart B of Part 147 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE PERSONNEL, MILITARY AND CIVILIAN ADJUDICATIVE GUIDELINES FOR DETERMINING ELIGIBILITY FOR ACCESS TO CLASSIFIED INFORMATION...

  17. 32 CFR Attachment D to Subpart B... - Decision Tables

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Decision Tables D Attachment D to Subpart B of Part 147 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE PERSONNEL, MILITARY AND CIVILIAN ADJUDICATIVE GUIDELINES FOR DETERMINING ELIGIBILITY FOR ACCESS TO CLASSIFIED INFORMATION Investigative Standards Pt. 147, Subpt. B, At...

  18. 78 FR 41352 - Adoption of Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-10

    ... identify and address trends and anomalies existing at the various levels of agency adjudication. While SSA... are developed in a neutral fashion without targeting particular ALJs or other decisionmakers, and that... instance, some agencies (e.g., the Consumer Product Safety Commission) are required by statute to prepare a...

  19. 42 CFR 136.414 - How does the IHS determine eligibility for placement or retention of individuals in positions...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES INDIAN HEALTH Indian Child Protection and Family Violence... adjudicating official must be thoroughly familiar with all laws, regulations, and criteria involved in making a..., or Tribal law, involving crimes of violence; sexual assault, molestation, exploitation, contact, or...

  20. 20 CFR 405.450 - Effect of the Decision Review Board's action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Effect of the Decision Review Board's action... PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Decision Review Board § 405.450 Effect of the Decision Review Board's action. (a) The Board's decision is binding unless you file an action in Federal district...

  1. 20 CFR 405.420 - Effect of Decision Review Board action on the right to seek judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Effect of Decision Review Board action on the... ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Decision Review Board § 405.420 Effect of Decision Review Board action on the right to seek judicial review. (a)(1) Subject to...

  2. 75 FR 64785 - Corporate Credit Unions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-20

    ... scheme, including risk-based capital requirements; impose new prompt corrective action requirements... Investigations; and Involuntary Liquidation of Federal Credit Unions and Adjudication of Creditor Claims... management (ALM) and credit risk, and whether to make modifications in the area of corporate governance. NCUA...

  3. 26 CFR 601.109 - Bankruptcy and receivership cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 20 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Bankruptcy and receivership cases. 601.109... REVENUE PRACTICE STATEMENT OF PROCEDURAL RULES General Procedural Rules § 601.109 Bankruptcy and receivership cases. (a) General. (1) Upon the adjudication of bankruptcy of any taxpayer in any liquidating...

  4. 19 CFR 210.79 - Advisory opinions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Advisory opinions. 210.79 Section 210.79 Customs... ADJUDICATION AND ENFORCEMENT Enforcement Procedures and Advisory Opinions § 210.79 Advisory opinions. (a) Advisory opinions. Upon request of any person, the Commission may, upon such investigation as it deems...

  5. 29 CFR 2204.106 - Standards for awards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REVIEW COMMISSION IMPLEMENTATION OF THE EQUAL ACCESS TO JUSTICE ACT IN PROCEEDINGS BEFORE THE OCCUPATIONAL SAFETY AND HEALTH REVIEW... failure to act by the Secretary upon which the adversary adjudication is based. The burden of persuasion...

  6. 77 FR 72941 - Voluntary Education Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-07

    ... maintain a cumulative grade point average (GPA) of 2.0 or higher after completing 15 semester hours, or... recognize the potential for adjudications to arise, and that a long- term point of contact be specified to... programs providing a variety of professional assignments and opportunities for earning retirement points...

  7. 20 CFR 725.507 - Guardian for minor or incompetent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Guardian for minor or incompetent. 725.507... FEDERAL MINE SAFETY AND HEALTH ACT, AS AMENDED Payment of Benefits General Provisions § 725.507 Guardian for minor or incompetent. An adjudication officer may require that a legal guardian or representative...

  8. The impact of clinical data on the evaluation of tibial fracture healing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dijkman Bernadette G

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Radiographic healing is a common outcome measure in orthopedic trials and adjudication by outcome assessors is often conducted on the basis of plain films alone. The degree to which this process reflects clinical practice, in which both plain films and clinical notes are available, is uncertain. We explored the effect of adding clinical notes to radiographs in the adjudication process of a feasibility trial of tibial shaft fractures. Methods Radiographic and clinical data from a multicenter randomized controlled trial of 51 patients with operatively treated tibial fractures formed the basis of the study data. At the completion of the trial, serial radiographs (anteroposterior and lateral were independently evaluated for progression of fracture healing, defined as bridging of at least 3 of 4 cortices, by an adjudication committee comprised of 3 blinded orthopaedic trauma surgeons. Immediately after determination of radiographic time to healing, each surgeon was provided with clinical notes associated with each radiographic follow up visit and asked to re-visit their initial impression. Consensus was achieved for both adjudications. We calculated the percentage of time to healing consensus decisions that changed after evaluation of clinical notes. We further examined the contents of clinical notes and their relative influence on the committee's decisions. Results 47 of 51 patients were determined to have healed radiographically during the trial follow-up period, and consideration of clinical notes resulted in a change of 40% (19 of 47 of time to healing consensus decisions; however, revised decisions were equally likely to support an earlier or a later time to healing. Clinical notes that resulted in a change to either a 'healed' or a 'not healed' decision contained significantly more comments of either pain resolution or deterioration, respectively, resumption of or failure to resume weightbearing, or either return or no

  9. Iris classification based on sparse representations using on-line dictionary learning for large-scale de-duplication applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nalla, Pattabhi Ramaiah; Chalavadi, Krishna Mohan

    2015-01-01

    De-duplication of biometrics is not scalable when the number of people to be enrolled into the biometric system runs into billions, while creating a unique identity for every person. In this paper, we propose an iris classification based on sparse representation of log-gabor wavelet features using on-line dictionary learning (ODL) for large-scale de-duplication applications. Three different iris classes based on iris fiber structures, namely, stream, flower, jewel and shaker, are used for faster retrieval of identities. Also, an iris adjudication process is illustrated by comparing the matched iris-pair images side-by-side to make the decision on the identification score using color coding. Iris classification and adjudication are included in iris de-duplication architecture to speed-up the identification process and to reduce the identification errors. The efficacy of the proposed classification approach is demonstrated on the standard iris database, UPOL.

  10. Presumption of service connection for osteoporosis for former prisoners of war. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-08-28

    The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is amending its adjudication regulations to establish a presumption of service connection for osteoporosis for former Prisoners of War (POWs) who were detained or interned for at least 30 days and whose osteoporosis is at least 10 percent disabling. The amendment implements a decision by the Secretary to establish such a presumption based on scientific studies. VA is additionally amending its adjudication regulations to establish a presumption of service connection for osteoporosis for POWs who were detained or interned for any period of time, have a diagnosis of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), and whose osteoporosis is at least 10 percent disabling. This amendment reflects statutory provisions of the Veterans' Benefits Improvement Act of 2008.

  11. Legal time limits vs. discretional limits of administrative judicial review in Albania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerti Shella

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Administrative courts in Albania were established in 2012, as a separate branch of the court system, following enactment of the Law No. 49/2012 “On the Organization and Functioning of the Administrative Courts and Adjudication of Administrative Disputes”. One of the main features of the administrative adjudication is the swiftness at which it should be carried out. The law provides carefully for many time limits and procedural deadlines, to achieve such intended effect. This article focuses specifically on the time limits of concluding (1 the judicial review in administrative courts and 2 on due delivery of the final decision in court secretariat. These two distinct procedural phases constitute 98% of the length of a court case in time terms. The main thesis of this paper is that time limits which are explicitly written and required by the law produce better results in terms of compliance of judges with law and higher efficiency compared to discretional time limits.

  12. ADPF 347 AND THE “UNCONSTITUTIONAL STATE OF AFFAIRS” OF BRAZIL’S PRISON SYSTEM -- ADPF 347 E O “ESTADO DE COISAS INCONSTITUCIONAL” DO SISTEMA PRISIONAL BRASILEIRO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiago Luís Santos Sombra

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This essay aims at analyzing the main aspects related to a prison system’s lawsuit judged by the Brazilian Supreme Court in which the “Unconstitutional State of Affairs” adjudication technique was firstly examined. Challenging the base arguments that were presented in the ADPF 347, Justice Rapporteur Marco Aurélio, the article’s purpose is points out that there was not an institutional failure of both Legislative and Executive branches of government in order to justify a structural intervention for overcoming alleged barriers. A parallel with Colombian Supreme Court adjudication practices will be drawn in accordance with the legal transplants theory to understand how Brazil would achieve its reach just importing a structural injunction model that even in Colombia did not work in prisons. Keywords: Unconstitutional State of Affairs. Structural Injunction. ADPF 347. Brazil’s Supreme Court. Colombia’s Supreme Court. Legal Transplants.

  13. Supporting the personnel reliability decision-making process with artificial intelligence

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Harte, D.C.

    1991-01-01

    Recent legislation concerning personnel security has vastly increased the responsibility and accountability of the security manager. Access authorization, fitness for duty, and personnel security access programs require decisions regarding an individual's trustworthiness and reliability based on the findings of a background investigation. While these guidelines provide significant data and are useful as a tool, limited resources are available to the adjudicator of derogatory information on what is and is not acceptable in terms of granting access to sensitive areas of nuclear plants. The reason why one individual is deemed unacceptable and the next acceptable may be questioned and cause discriminatory accusations. This paper is continuation of discussion on workforce reliability, focusing on the use of artificial intelligence to support the decisions of a security manager. With this support, the benefit of previous decisions helps ensure consistent adjudication of background investigations

  14. To Fight Against the Defensive Jurisprudence with the New Civil Procedure Code: Yes, We Can! Or Can We?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Ambrósio Gava

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available In order to reduce their workloads, Brazilian Courts have been landing many precedents that lead to unwarranted restrictions to the right to appeal, thereby belittling the fundamental constitutional right to access to justice. Despite the existence of studies on this "defensive jurisprudence", there are still few who analyze it in the light of the new Civil Procedure Code (Law 13.105/2015, which is about to enter into force. This article aims to evaluate the suitability of the new CPC to remedy this adjudicative problem or at least minimize it. We demonstrated, based on literature and through a deductive argumentative reasoning, that the new procedural law contains a number of specific and general legal clauses which may be used as instruments able to curb the adjudicate "defensiveness. Nonetheless, the achievement of this goal will depend largely on how this legal clauses are to be interpreted and applied.

  15. ’n Beoordeling van die vernaamste kerklike en teologiese tradisies se bydrae tot die etiek van sosio-ekonomiese regte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. M. Zwemstra

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available An adjudication of the most prominent ecclesiastical and theological traditions to the ethics of socio-economical rights In this article the contribution of the Roman Catholic Church and that of the main protestant churches to the ethics of socio- economical rights is investigated and adjudicated. The Roman Catholic Church stresses the importance of socio-economic rights, but socio-economic rights are founded in natural law and not in Biblical principles. In the Lutheran tradition socio- economic rights are ascribed to the domain of the world, and no proper Biblical foundation is given. The World Alliance of Re- formed Churches gives a Biblical foundation to socio-economic rigths, but unfortunately it is influenced by political theology. The Testimony on Human Rights of the Reformed Ecumenical Synod is a comprehensive study on human rights in the re- formed tradition, and proper Biblical foundation is given to socio-economic rights.

  16. Historians and miracles: The principle of analogy and antecedent probability reconsidered

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael R. Licona

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Most Biblical scholars and historians hold that the investigation of a miracle report lies outside of the rights of historians acting within their professional capacity. In this article, I challenge this assertion and argue to the contrary: Historians are within their professional rights to investigate miracle claims and to adjudicate on the historicity of the events. I present a positive case for the historian’s right to adjudicate on miracle claims and address two major objections to this conclusion: the principle of analogy and antecedent probability. At times I use the resurrection of Jesus as an example. This is the first of two articles. In the second, I will address three additional common objections: the theological objection, the lack of consensus and miracle claims in multiple religions.

  17. Prison Food Law

    OpenAIRE

    Naim, Cyrus

    2005-01-01

    This paper examines the history and current framework of prison food law. Whereas food law generally is the result of a complex maze of national, state, and local statutory and regulatory law, prison food is primarily regulated by the courts through adjudication of the Eighth Amendment prohibition of cruel and unusual punishment. This discrepancy is explained by the very different political realities faced by prison reform. At the same time, the result is both ineffective and counterproductiv...

  18. Tuomiovalta kansalle : Vallankumousoikeudet sisällissodassa vuonna 1918

    OpenAIRE

    Siro, Jukka

    2010-01-01

    The Revolutionary Courts were courts established by the Finnish revolutionaries during the Finnish Civil War of 1918. The Courts function was to replace the existing courts and to adjudicate in political matters. They were nearly 200 in number and tried approximately 3,000 cases during the 2 3 months that they were in existence. The amount of judges, public prosecutors and defence attorneys was nearly 2,000. The Revolutionary Courts did not impose harsh punishments for political crimes....

  19. Disagreements between central clinical events committee and site investigator assessments of myocardial infarction endpoints in an international clinical trial: review of the PURSUIT study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lee Kerry L

    2001-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Limited information has been published regarding how specific processes for event adjudication can affect event rates in trials. We reviewed nonfatal myocardial infarctions (MIs reported by site investigators in the international Platelet Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa in Unstable Angina: Receptor Suppression Using Integrilin (Eptifibatide Therapy (PURSUIT trial and those adjudicated by a central clinical events committee (CEC to determine the reasons for differences in event rates. Methods The PURSUIT trial randomised 10,948 patients with acute coronary syndromes to receive eptifibatide or placebo. The primary end-point was death or post-enrolment MI at 30 days as assessed by the CEC; this end-point was also constructed using site-reported events. The CEC identified suspected MIs by systematic review of clinical, cardiac enzyme, and electrocardiographic data. Results The CEC identified 5005 (46% suspected events, of which 1415 (28% were adjudicated as MI. The site investigator and CEC assessments of whether a MI had occurred disagreed in 983 (20% of the 5005 patients with suspected MI, mostly reflecting site misclassification of post-enrolment MIs (as enrolment MIs or underreported periprocedural MIs. Patients for whom the CEC and site investigator agreed that no end-point MI had occurred had the lowest mortality at 30 days and between 30 days and 6 months, and those with agreement that a MI had occurred had the highest mortality. Conclusion CEC adjudication provides a standard, systematic, independent, and unbiased assessment of end-points, particularly for trials that span geographic regions and clinical practice settings. Understanding the review process and reasons for disagreement between CEC and site investigator assessments of MI is important to design future trials and interpret event rates between trials.

  20. Effectiveness of Administrative Appeals Within the Framework of Administrative Justice in Belgium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ludo VENY

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available This article outlines the various forms of administrative appeal in Belgium. Furthermore, the administrative appeals regarding the adjudication or refusal of a building permit, the openness of administration, the income tax and the suspension of an unemployment benefits are examined. In each case an inventory of legal norms is made, the case law analysed and the national literature on the topic reviewed.

  1. Styrelseledamots skyldigheter gentemot aktieägarna vid M&A-transaktioner i Delaware

    OpenAIRE

    Lundqvist, Rickard

    2017-01-01

    The Court of Chancery in Delaware is, in regard to adjudicating corporate governance issues, the most preeminent court in the United States. The Court is one of equity, and has century-long tradition of dealing with litigation arising out of disputes concerning the internal affairs of corporations. Therefore, it should come as no surprise that sixty-four percent of Fortune 500 companies are incorporated in Delaware. What might be surprising is the frequency of shareholder litigation involving...

  2. ORGANIZATIONAL CONFLICT OF INTEREST AND THE AIR FORCE CONTRACT AUGMENTATION PROGRAM: A PATTERNED APPROACH TO RISK IDENTIFICATION

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-22

    order competition as opposed to arising at the point of award. High Risk OCI Type II Impaired objectivity (IO) accounted for 32% of OCI protests...cases adjudicated by the Government Accountability Office were reviewed to collect data from the protest outcomes. This data was charted to...risk to two types of OCI: unequal access to information and impaired objectivity . To counter this, three recommended process improvements include

  3. 少年法改正問題を考える

    OpenAIRE

    井田, 洋子

    2000-01-01

    The juvenile law is the law which regards juvenile offender as just "delinquency" not "criminal" and make him or her not to punish but to rehabilitate. The juvenile law is theoretically engaged in determining the need of child and of society rather than adjudicating criminal conduct. It is so called parens patriae which means state deal with juvenile as thier own parents not procecuting attorny and judge. That is why the theory of juvenile law is based on social welfare philosophy rather than...

  4. H.R. 2738: A bill to amend title 38, United States Code, with respect to benefits for individuals who may have been exposed to ionizing radiation during military service, and for other purposes, introduced in the US House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, June 24, 1991

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1991-01-01

    This bill was introduced into the US House of Representatives on June 24, 1991 to amend title 38, United States Code with respect to benefits for individuals who may have been exposed to ionizing radiation during military service. Key features addressed in separate sections include the following: expansion of a list of diseases presumed to be service-connected for certain radiation-exposed veteran and elimination of latency-period limitations; and adjudication of claims based on exposure to ionizing radiation

  5. Joint Intelligence Analysis Complex: DOD Partially Used Best Practices for Analyzing Alternatives and Should Do So Fully for Future Military Construction Decisions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-01

    To do so, the Air Force initiated a three- phase military construction project that the service plans to complete by the fall of 2020.2 In addition...best practices, independent of the audit team, reviewed the team’s adjudicated AOA documentation and scores, cross-checking the scores and all of the...the degree to which DOD can provide reasonable assurance that its process met each of the four characteristics of a high-quality, reliable AOA

  6. Memory development: implications for adults recalling childhood experiences in the courtroom

    OpenAIRE

    Howe, M. L.

    2013-01-01

    Adults frequently provide compelling, detailed accounts of early childhood experiences in the courtroom. Judges and jurors are asked to decide guilt or innocence based solely on these decades-old memories using 'common sense' notions about memory. However, these notions are not in agreement with findings from neuroscientific and behavioural studies of memory development. Without expert guidance, judges and jurors may have difficulty in properly adjudicating the weight of memory evidence in ca...

  7. Memory development: implications for adults recalling childhood experiences in the courtroom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howe, Mark L

    2013-12-01

    Adults frequently provide compelling, detailed accounts of early childhood experiences in the courtroom. Judges and jurors are asked to decide guilt or innocence based solely on these decades-old memories using 'common sense' notions about memory. However, these notions are not in agreement with findings from neuroscientific and behavioural studies of memory development. Without expert guidance, judges and jurors may have difficulty in properly adjudicating the weight of memory evidence in cases involving adult recollections of childhood experiences.

  8. Evaluating appropriate red blood cell transfusions: a quality audit at 10 Ontario hospitals to determine the optimal measure for assessing appropriateness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spradbrow, Jordan; Cohen, Robert; Lin, Yulia; Armali, Chantal; Collins, Allison; Cserti-Gazdewich, Christine; Lieberman, Lani; Pavenski, Katerina; Pendergrast, Jacob; Webert, Kathryn; Callum, Jeannie

    2016-10-01

    Evaluating the appropriateness of red blood cell (RBC) transfusion requires labor-intensive medical chart audits and expert adjudication. We sought to determine the appropriateness of RBC transfusions at 10 hospitals using retrospective chart review and to determine whether simple metrics (proportion of single-unit transfusions, RBCs/100 acute inpatient days, proportion of transfusions with pretransfusion hemoglobin <80 g/L or posttransfusion hemoglobin <90 g/L) could be used as surrogate markers of appropriateness by comparing their values with the results from the audit. An initial block of 30 RBC units was dually adjudicated for appropriateness followed by additional blocks of 10 units until the difference between the cumulative percentage of appropriate RBC units in the preceding block and final block was <3%. Pearson correlation tests were used to evaluate associations between the metrics and percentages of appropriate transfusions per hospital. Two-by-two tables were used to assess the utility of the metrics to classify transfusions for appropriateness. Of the 498 units audited, 78% were adjudicated as appropriate (κ = 0.9603), with significant variability between institutions (p < 0.0001). Fifty audits or less were required at nine of the institutions. The values of the metrics were not found to have significant correlations with appropriateness, and the metric that misclassified the smallest proportion of transfusions for appropriateness was pretransfusion hemoglobin <80 g/L, at 24%. Our findings suggest that a chart audit of 50 RBC transfusions with adjudication using robust criteria is the optimal means of evaluating RBC transfusion appropriateness at an institution for benchmarking and quality-improvement initiatives. © 2016 AABB.

  9. 10 CFR 2.700 - Scope of subpart G.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Scope of subpart G. 2.700 Section 2.700 Energy NUCLEAR... Formal Adjudications § 2.700 Scope of subpart G. The provisions of this subpart apply to and supplement... authorization for high-level radioactive waste repository noticed under §§ 2.101(f)(8) or 2.105(a)(5...

  10. Defense Infrastructure: DOD Can Improve Its Response to Environmental Exposures on Military Installations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-01

    used as metal degreasers and as ingredients in dry- cleaning spot removers, adhesives, paint removers, and typewriter correction fluids. According to...areas were sprayed with Agent Orange. In many cases, veterans and Department of Veterans Affairs adjudicators had to rely on rudimentary measures such...Between 1962 and 1971, more than 21 million gallons of Agent Orange were sprayed across Southeast Asia. Though the military was unaware of it at the

  11. When Human Rights Clash at the European Court of Human Rights: Conflict or Harmony?

    OpenAIRE

    Smet, Stijn; Brems, Eva

    2017-01-01

    The notion of conflict rests at the heart of the judicial function. Judges are routinely asked to resolve disputes and defuse tensions. Yet, when judges are called upon to adjudicate a purported conflict between human rights, they face particular challenges and must address specific questions. Some of these concern the very existence of human rights conflicts. Can human rights really conflict with one another, in terms of mutual incompatibility? Or should human rights be interpreted in harmon...

  12. Access to justice within the sustainable self-governance model

    OpenAIRE

    Stephen Tully

    2004-01-01

    Little attention has been given to the development and operation of non-state models of global governance and the extent to which they conform to principles of good governance. Focusing primarily on issues of access to justice and secondarily on the independence of such bodies from the industries which they purport to regulate, this paper argues that adjudicative mechanisms established by non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and firms may not produce outcomes which are considered 'just' by t...

  13. Defining Consumer Ombudsmen

    OpenAIRE

    Gill, Chris; Hirst, Carolyn

    2016-01-01

    This report seeks to describe consumer ombudsmen as they have developed in the United Kingdom. The recent European Union Directive on Consumer Alternative Dispute Resolution (2013/11/EU) defines consumer dispute resolution mechanisms in general, but does not distinguish between them individually. It does not, for instance, distinguish between consumer ombudsmen, arbitrators and adjudication schemes. Other existing approaches to definition, such as the Ombudsman Association’s criteria for ‘omb...

  14. Ultra Petita Dalam Pengujian Undang-Undang Oleh Mahkamah Konstitusi

    OpenAIRE

    Abadi, Suwarno

    2015-01-01

    Ultra petita decision practiced under the MK's jurisdiction to review the constitutionality of legislation needs to be assessed carefully. This practice should not be condemned as illegitimate because there is no explicit constitutional rule that guarantee it. The author therefore argues that this practice can be justified under two reasons. First, judicial activism. Second, the very nature of constitutional adjudication in order to defend the supremacy of the constitution over legislation. A...

  15. AGENDA 21 - the basic conceptual document - Agenda of the 21 century which was accepted on the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) in Rio de Janeiro in 1992. Part I.: Socio-economic dimensions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1996-01-01

    This part of the AGENDA 21 contains the Permeable and 7 chapters: (2) International co-operation at accelerating of sustainable development in development countries and house measures; (3) The fight with poverty; (4) The change of consumption models; (5) The dynamics of the demographic gain and sustainable development; (6) Protection and support of human health; (7) Support of the sustainable development of the habitations; (8) Integration of the environment and development at adjudication. Each chapter contains some programme areas

  16. Editorial

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Universal Definition of Myocardial Infarction2 and used a Siemens troponin I threshold of ≥ 600 ng/L and MINS based on a troponin I of. 41 to 599 ng/L that was adjudicated as resulting from an ischaemic aetiology. PMI occurred in 34 patients (24.3%) and MINS in 35 patients. (25.0%). The incidence of in-hospital mortality ...

  17. The Dilemma of Department of Defense Business System Modernization Efforts: Why Intended Outcomes Have Not Been Fully Met and What Needs to Change

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    FAR case published for public comment under adjudication. Establish an Product Service Code (PSC) to Object Class crosswalk Policy Established...automated method to track actions issued through EDI or actions exempt from EDI (depicted by head of contracting agency (HCA) class exemption or... antivirus , patches, etc.) will slow the network down. c. Red (High) – The cyber security risk is high. Hardware and Software are not modern

  18. Mental patients in prisons

    OpenAIRE

    ARBOLEDA-FLÓREZ, JULIO

    2009-01-01

    Mental conditions usually affect cognitive, emotional and volitional aspects and functions of the personality, which are also functions of interest in law, as they are essential at the time of adjudicating guilt, labeling the accused a criminal, and proffering a sentence. A relationship between mental illness and criminality has, thus, been described and given as one of the reasons for the large number of mental patients in prisons. Whether this relationship is one of causality or one that fl...

  19. Automobile or other conveyance and adaptive equipment certificate of eligibility for veterans or members of the armed forces with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Interim final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-02-25

    The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is amending its adjudication regulation regarding certificates of eligibility for financial assistance in the purchase of an automobile or other conveyance and adaptive equipment. The amendment authorizes automatic issuance of a certificate of eligibility for financial assistance in the purchase of an automobile or other conveyance and adaptive equipment to all veterans with service-connected amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty with ALS.

  20. Eligibility of disabled veterans and members of the armed forces with severe burn injuries for financial assistance in the purchase of an automobile or other conveyance and adaptive equipment. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-19

    The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) adopts as a final rule its proposal to amend its adjudication regulation concerning a certificate of eligibility for financial assistance in the purchase of an automobile or other conveyance and adaptive equipment, which was published in the Federal Register on November 5, 2012, and republished for minor technical corrections on November 26, 2012. The amendment is necessary to incorporate statutory changes made by the Veterans' Benefits Act of 2010.

  1. Reproducibility of Scleral Spur Identification and Angle Measurements Using Fourier Domain Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo J. Cumba

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To evaluate intraobserver and interobserver agreement in locating the scleral spur landmark (SSL and anterior chamber angle measurements obtained using Fourier Domain Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography (ASOCT images. Methods. Two independent, masked observers (SR and AZC identified SSLs on ASOCT images from 31 eyes with open and nonopen angles. A third independent reader, NPB, adjudicated SSL placement if identifications differed by more than 80 μm. Nine months later, SR reidentified SSLs. Intraobserver and interobserver agreement in SSL placement, trabecular-iris space area (TISA750, and angle opening distance (AOD750 were calculated. Results. In 84% of quadrants, SR’s SSL placements during 2 sessions were within 80 μm in both the X- and Y-axes, and in 77% of quadrants, SR and AZC were within 80 μm in both axes. In adjudicated images, 90% of all quadrants were within 80 μm, 88% in nonopen-angle eyes, and 92% in open-angle eyes. The intraobserver and interobserver correlation coefficients (with and without adjudication were above 0.9 for TISA750 and AOD750 for all quadrants. Conclusions. Reproducible identification of the SSL from images obtained with FD-ASOCT is possible. The ability to identify the SSL allows reproducible measurement of the anterior chamber angle using TISA750 and AOD750.

  2. Pengecualian terhadap Penerapan Asas Ultra Petitum Partium dalam Beracara di Pengadilan Agama

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mrs. Hartini

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available A judge must examine and adjudicate all charges thoroughly on the lawsuit brought to the court. The judge should not only examine and adjudicate part of the charge and disregard the rest. On the other hand, judge in his/her adjudication is prohibited to accede above the suit brought by the parties. This prohibition is called ultra petitum partium. A judge who accedes in excess of the suit partium is considered to be exceeding his/her authority. In Religious Court proceedings, the implementation of ultra petitum partium principle is an exception in several types of cases. In the procedure of divorce (cerai talak, a judge may grant something not demanded by wife either in the petition of divorce or in the reconvention by charging certain obligations upon the husband, which is the wife’s right as the consequence of the separation. In the procedure of divorce, judge may order a preliminary injunction even if such injunction is not demanded. The argument that justifies the judge’s action is the Marriage Act and the procedural law in the Act on Religious Court is a lex specialis stipulation, judge as judge made law must dig into the values of life, and the judge may execute contra legem action if the stipulation in an article considered to be in contradiction with justice and benefit.

  3. Cardiovascular safety of liraglutide assessed in a patient-level pooled analysis of phase 2: 3 liraglutide clinical development studies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marso, Steven P; Lindsey, Jason B; Stolker, Joshua M; House, John A; Martinez Ravn, Gabriela; Kennedy, Kevin F; Jensen, Troels M; Buse, John B

    2011-07-01

    We assessed the cardiovascular safety of liraglutide, a glucagon-like peptide-1 receptor agonist, using existing clinical data. Patient-level results from all completed phase 2 and 3 studies from the liraglutide clinical development programme were pooled to determine rates of major adverse cardiovascular events (MACE): cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, stroke. MACE were identified by querying the study database using Medical Dictionary for Regulatory Activities (MedDRA) terms combined with serious adverse events recorded by study investigators. Broad, narrow, and custom groups of MedDRA queries were used. Candidate events from each query were independently adjudicated post hoc. In 15 studies (6638 patients; 4257 liraglutide treated), there were 114 patients with MACE identified using the broad MedDRA query. Of these, 44 were classified as serious adverse events and 39 were adjudicated as MACE. The incidence ratio for adjudicated broad/serious MACE associated with liraglutide was 0.73 (95% CI 0.38-1.41) versus all comparator drugs (metformin, glimepiride, rosiglitazone, insulin glargine, placebo), within cardiovascular safety limits defined by the United States Food & Drug Administration for diabetes therapies under current investigation.

  4. A novel dataset on legal traditions, their determinants, and their economic role in 155 transplants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmine Guerriero

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The law and the economy are deeply influenced by the legal tradition or origin, which is the bundle of institutions shaping lawmaking and dispute adjudication. The two principal legal traditions, common law and civil law, have been transplanted through colonization and occupation to the vast majority of the jurisdictions in the world by a group of European countries. Here, I illustrate a novel dataset recording the lawmaking institution employed by 155 of these jurisdictions at independence and in 2000 and four discretion-curbing adjudication institutions adopted by 99 of these “transplants” at the same two points in time. Contrary to the “legal origins” scholars׳ assumption, 25 transplants changed the transplanted lawmaking institution and 95 modified at least one of the transplanted lawmaking and adjudication rules. In “Endogenous Legal Traditions” (Guerriero, 2016a [12], I document that these reforms are consistent with a model of the design of legal institutions by societies heterogeneous in their endowment of both the extent of cultural heterogeneity and the quality of the political process. In “Endogenous Legal Traditions and Economic Outcomes” (Guerriero, 2016b [13] moreover, I show the relevance of considering legal evolution and the endogeneity between legal traditions and economics outcomes. The data illustrated here also include the proxies for the determinants of legal evolution I use in “Endogenous Legal Traditions” (Guerriero, 2016a [12] and the novel measure of economic outcomes I employ in “Endogenous Legal Traditions and Economic Outcomes” (Guerriero, 2016b [13].

  5. Validity of Primary Immunodeficiency Disease Diagnoses in United States Medicaid Data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hernandez-Trujillo, Hillary; Orange, Jordan S; Roy, Jason A; Wang, Yanli; Newcomb, Craig N; Liu, Qing; Hennessy, Sean; Lo Re, Vincent

    2015-08-01

    Primary immunodeficiency diseases (PID) are a rare group of disorders with a wide array of clinical presentations. The absence of validated methods to identify these diseases in electronic databases has limited understanding of their epidemiology and the impact of drug therapies on outcomes. We measured the positive predictive values (PPVs) of ICD-9 diagnoses for identifying PID within US Medicaid. We identified Medicaid patients from California, Florida, New York, Ohio, and Pennsylvania with PID ICD-9 diagnoses (common variable immunodeficiency [279.06], X-linked agammaglobulinemia [279.04], hyper-immunoglobulin M syndrome [279.05], Wiskott Aldrich Syndrome [279.12]) recorded at least twice from 1999 to 2007. Outpatient records were reviewed by a clinical immunologist to adjudicate diagnoses. PPVs with 95% confidence intervals (CIs) for confirmed outcomes were determined for individual ICD-9 diagnoses and combinations of diagnoses and Current Procedural Terminology codes for a quantitative immunoglobulin test (82784) or immunoglobulin infusion (96365). Among 83 patients with PID ICD-9 diagnoses, 16 were adjudicated as having the condition (PPV, 19.3%; 95% CI, 11.4-29.4%). Individual ICD-9 diagnoses had low PPVs (range, 16.7-33.3%). Requiring procedural codes for quantitative immunoglobulins or intravenous immunoglobulin did not increase PPVs of these diagnoses (range, 11.1-41.7%). An X-linked agammaglobulinemia diagnosis plus intravenous immunoglobulin had the highest PPV among the algorithms evaluated (PPV, 41.7%; 95% CI, 15.1-72.3%). Algorithms comprising PID ICD-9 diagnoses and procedures for quantitative immunoglobulin tests and immunoglobulin infusion had low PPVs for adjudicated diagnoses in Medicaid. Alternative data sources should be evaluated to study the epidemiology of these diseases.

  6. Different thresholds for detecting osteophytes and joint space narrowing exist between the site investigators and the centralized reader in a multicenter knee osteoarthritis study - data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Guermazi, Ali; Hayashi, Daichi; Hunter, David J.; Li, Ling; Benichou, Olivier; Eckstein, Felix; Kwoh, C.K.; Nevitt, Michael

    2012-01-01

    To evaluate how the reading of knee radiographs by site investigators differs from that by an expert musculoskeletal radiologist who trained and validated them in a multicenter knee osteoarthritis (OA) study. A subset of participants from the Osteoarthritis Initiative progression cohort was studied. Osteophytes and joint space narrowing (JSN) were evaluated using Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) and Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) grading. Radiographs were read by site investigators, who received training and validation of their competence by an expert musculoskeletal radiologist. Radiographs were re-read by this radiologist, who acted as a central reader. For KL and OARSI grading of osteophytes, discrepancies between two readings were adjudicated by another expert reader. Radiographs from 96 subjects (49 women) and 192 knees (138 KL grade ≥ 2) were included. The site reading showed moderate agreement for KL grading overall (kappa=0.52) and for KL ≥ 2 (i.e., radiographic diagnosis of ''definite OA''; kappa=0.41). For OARSI grading, the site reading showed substantial agreement for lateral and medial JSN (kappa=0.65 and 0.71), but only fair agreement for osteophytes (kappa=0.37). For KL grading, the adjudicator's reading showed substantial agreement with the centralized reading (kappa=0.62), but only slight agreement with the site reading (kappa = 0.10). Site investigators over-graded osteophytes compared to the central reader and the adjudicator. Different thresholds for scoring of JSN exist even between experts. Our results suggest that research studies using radiographic grading of OA should use a centralized reader for all grading. (orig.)

  7. Psychological correlates of violent and non-violent Hong Kong juvenile probationers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Heng Choon Oliver; Chui, Wing Hong

    2012-01-01

    There is little known about Hong Kong juvenile offenders on probation. The purpose of this study was to compare Hong Kong juvenile violent with non-violent probationers on static demographic and psychological variables. The study comprised 109 male juvenile probationers aged 14-20 years (M = 16.97, SD = 1.44) in community transitional housing; 34 were adjudicated for violent offenses, while 75 were non-violent. The Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale (RSES), Satisfaction with Life Scale (SWLS), Social Bonding Scale-Theft (SBS-T), Social Bonding Scale-Violent Crime (SBS-VC), Positive and Negative Affect Scales (PANAS), Impulsiveness Scale-Short Form (IS-SF) and CRIME-PICS II were administered to measure self-esteem, life satisfaction, social bond, positive and negative affect, impulsivity, pro-offending attitudes, and self-perceived life problems. Data on onset age of delinquent behavior, age of first adjudication, number of prior adjudications, and frequency of self-reported delinquency in the past year were also collected. t-tests were consistent with significant differences for violent offenders including higher self-esteem (p Non-violent offenders self-reported significantly more theft (p non-violent crime, while 58.7% of non-violent offenders reported only non-violent crime. For violent and non-violent offenders, the onset of delinquency was inversely related to the frequency of self-reported delinquency. Using ordinary least-squares (OLS) regression analyses, self-anticipated violent reoffending risk was predicted by age of onset, frequency of self-reported delinquency, social bond (inversely), and impulsivity, while non-violent reoffending risk was predicted by the number of prior convictions and self-reported delinquency. Only two psychological correlates, social bond and impulsivity, were related to violent delinquency; interventions are suggested. Copyright © 2012 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  8. Different thresholds for detecting osteophytes and joint space narrowing exist between the site investigators and the centralized reader in a multicenter knee osteoarthritis study - data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guermazi, Ali; Hayashi, Daichi [Boston University School of Medicine, Quantitative Imaging Center, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); Hunter, David J. [New England Baptist Hospital, Division of Research, Boston, MA (United States); University of Sydney, Northern Clinical School, Sydney (Australia); Li, Ling [New England Baptist Hospital, Division of Research, Boston, MA (United States); Benichou, Olivier [Eli Lilly and Co, Indianapolis, IN (United States); Eckstein, Felix [Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg (Austria); Chondrometrics GmbH, Ainring (Germany); Kwoh, C.K. [University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Nevitt, Michael [University of California, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, San Francisco, CA (United States)

    2012-02-15

    To evaluate how the reading of knee radiographs by site investigators differs from that by an expert musculoskeletal radiologist who trained and validated them in a multicenter knee osteoarthritis (OA) study. A subset of participants from the Osteoarthritis Initiative progression cohort was studied. Osteophytes and joint space narrowing (JSN) were evaluated using Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) and Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) grading. Radiographs were read by site investigators, who received training and validation of their competence by an expert musculoskeletal radiologist. Radiographs were re-read by this radiologist, who acted as a central reader. For KL and OARSI grading of osteophytes, discrepancies between two readings were adjudicated by another expert reader. Radiographs from 96 subjects (49 women) and 192 knees (138 KL grade {>=} 2) were included. The site reading showed moderate agreement for KL grading overall (kappa=0.52) and for KL {>=} 2 (i.e., radiographic diagnosis of ''definite OA''; kappa=0.41). For OARSI grading, the site reading showed substantial agreement for lateral and medial JSN (kappa=0.65 and 0.71), but only fair agreement for osteophytes (kappa=0.37). For KL grading, the adjudicator's reading showed substantial agreement with the centralized reading (kappa=0.62), but only slight agreement with the site reading (kappa = 0.10). Site investigators over-graded osteophytes compared to the central reader and the adjudicator. Different thresholds for scoring of JSN exist even between experts. Our results suggest that research studies using radiographic grading of OA should use a centralized reader for all grading. (orig.)

  9. Perceptions of Social Conflicts among Incarcerated Adolescents with Callous-Unemotional Traits: “You’re Going to Pay. It’s Going to Hurt, but I Don’t Care.”

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pardini, Dustin

    2010-01-01

    Background Delinquent youth with callous-unemotional (CU) traits may have a unique social-cognitive processing pattern that perpetuates their violent behavior. The current study examined the association between CU traits and the endorsement of deviant social goals during peer conflicts as well as expectancies and values regarding victim suffering following aggression. Methods Participants included 156 (84 males, 72 females) adjudicated juveniles residing at two gender-specific residential facilities in an urban city within the southeastern United States. The association between CU traits and participants' ratings of their social goals in hypothetic conflict situations and outcome expectancies/values regarding victim suffering were examined after controlling for prior violence, intelligence, and demographic covariates. Results CU traits were associated with an increased endorsement of social goals associated with revenge, dominance, and forced respect in social conflict situations. Adjudicated youth with CU traits were also less likely to endorse conflict avoidance and friendship building as important social goals when provoked by peers. There was no association between CU traits and expectations for victim suffering following aggression, but CU traits were significantly associated with lower levels of concern about victim suffering. These findings were significant after controlling for participants' prior history violence, intelligence, and demographic covariates. Conclusions Adjudicated youth with CU traits tend to emphasize power-oriented goals when provoked by peers and have little interest in rectifying social conflicts to build potential friendships with others. Juveniles with CU traits seem to be aware that their aggressive behavior will cause others to suffer, but they do not care when it does. PMID:21073459

  10. Perceptions of social conflicts among incarcerated adolescents with callous-unemotional traits: 'you're going to pay. It's going to hurt, but I don't care.'.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pardini, Dustin

    2011-03-01

    Delinquent youth with callous-unemotional (CU) traits may have a unique social-cognitive processing pattern that perpetuates their violent behavior. The current study examined the association between CU traits and the endorsement of deviant social goals during peer conflicts as well as expectancies and values regarding victim suffering following aggression. Participants included 156 (84 males, 72 females) adjudicated juveniles residing at two gender-specific residential facilities in an urban city within the southeastern United States. The association between CU traits and participants' ratings of their social goals in hypothetic conflict situations and outcome expectancies/values regarding victim suffering were examined after controlling for prior violence, intelligence, and demographic covariates.  CU traits were associated with an increased endorsement of social goals associated with revenge, dominance, and forced respect in social conflict situations. Adjudicated youth with CU traits were also less likely to endorse conflict avoidance and friendship building as important social goals when provoked by peers. There was no association between CU traits and expectations for victim suffering following aggression, but CU traits were significantly associated with lower levels of concern about victim suffering. These findings were significant after controlling for participants' prior history of violence, intelligence, and demographic covariates. Adjudicated youth with CU traits tend to emphasize power-oriented goals when provoked by peers and have little interest in rectifying social conflicts to build potential friendships with others. Juveniles with CU traits seem to be aware that their aggressive behavior will cause others to suffer, but they do not care when it does. © 2010 The Author. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry © 2010 Association for Child and Adolescent Mental Health.

  11. Cardiovascular safety of empagliflozin in patients with type 2 diabetes: a meta?analysis of data from randomized placebo?controlled trials

    OpenAIRE

    Salsali, A.; Kim, G.; Woerle, H. J.; Broedl, U. C.; Hantel, S.

    2016-01-01

    Aim To assess the effect of empagliflozin on cardiovascular (CV) risk in patients with type 2 diabetes (T2DM) through a meta?analysis of data from eight placebo?controlled trials. Methods Data were analysed from eight randomized placebo?controlled trials undertaken to investigate the efficacy and safety of empagliflozin 10 and 25?mg once daily in patients with T2DM, comprising patients at low/medium and high CV risk. Suspected CV events were prospectively adjudicated. The empagliflozin 10 and...

  12. Proposal to negotiate, without competitive tendering, a contract for software licenses for mathematical scientific libraries

    CERN Document Server

    2001-01-01

    This document concerns the purchase of software licenses for mathematical scientific libraries required by the experiments at CERN, in particular at LHC. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation, without competitive tendering, of a contract with NAG (GB) for software licenses for mathematical scientific libraries including maintenance fees for an estimated total amount not exceeding 400 000 pounds sterling (980 000 Swiss francs at the current exchange rate) for a period of five years. The firm has indicated the following distribution by country of the contract value covered by this adjudication proposal: GB - 100%.

  13. The Lack Of A Proper System In The Application Of Irdr (Resolution Incident For Repetitive Demands In The Civil Special Courts System (Jecs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Tadeu de Assunção Sobrinho

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the Implementation of resolution incident for repetitive demands in the Small Claims Courts, which resulted in the breakdown of their autonomy to the following: interference of the Courts of Justice in standardizing the interpretation of the Courts decisions (CPC, art. 977 and authorization for the Superior Court of Justice (STJ to proceed to the judgment of the special appeal in repetitive demands (CPC, art. 987. The unsystematic was compounded as from the transfer by the STJ jurisdiction to adjudicate complaints to the courts of origin of the JEC's (Resolution 12/2009, as amended by Resolution 3/2016.

  14. Processes of Metastudy: A Study of Psychosocial Adaptation to Childhood Chronic Health Conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David B. Nichola

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Metastudy introduces a systematically aggregated interpretive portrayal of a body of literature, based on saturation and the synthesis of findings. In this metastudy, the authors examined qualitative studies addressing psychosocial adaptation to childhood chronic health conditions, published over a 30-year period (1970–2000. They describe metastudy processes, including study identification, strategies for study search and retrieval, adjudication of difference in study design and rigor, and analysis of findings. They also illustrate metastudy components through examples drawn from this project and discuss implications for practice and recommendations.

  15. CONTRACT FARMING PRACTICE IN INDIAN PUNJAB: FARMERS’ PERSPECTIVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nivedita Sharma

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the status quo of contract farming in Indian Punjab from the farmers‟ perspective. The analysis is based on the field survey of three districts of the state covering 300 contract farmers. It is observed that agribusiness normalization has taken hold of the CF practice and farmers are facing its brunt. Withdrawal of extension services, reneging on prices and procurement are the major issues afflicting CF. Lack of adjudication is making contract farming exploitative in approach and the study recommends vigilant and strong intervention of the government.

  16. Tailoring the Systems Engineering Technical Review Implementation Within Naval Acquisition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-09-01

    they can become a computer guru by buying the latest and greatest product that a salesperson can talk them into, and don’t seem to realize that all...thinks they can become a computer guru by buying the latest and greatest product that a salesperson can talk them into, and don’t seem to realize that...adjudication process, and when stakeholders feel the review is ready to be closed. 8 The program had metrics set to meet threshold and objective criteria 9

  17. Faridah bt. Dato Talib v. Mohd. Habibullah bin Mahmood [14 October 1989].

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    The Malaysian court held that a Muslim wife could sue her Muslim husband for damages arising from assault and battery. It rejected the husband's argument that the suit must be adjudicated in a religious court because it was related to marriage, a topic for Muslims handled exclusively by religious courts. It concluded that assault and battery were not marital matters but criminal law matters. Moreover, it ruled for the same reason that the suit was not precluded by the Married Women Ordinance 1957, which prohibits a wife from suing her husband in tort, except for the protection or security of her property.

  18. Radiation injury claims: an overview and update

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schaffer, W.G.

    1984-01-01

    The author reviews the radiation injury claims problem and summarizes the legal framework in which the claims are presently brought. Two cases are reviewed in which the decisions are troubling. The implications of these decisions are discussed in the overall radiation injury claims problem. The author notes that in the largest radiation injury case tried in the United States, the court was unable to resolve the claims within the confines of the existing law. The disregard for established norms of adjudication and the resultant decline in predictability of outcome portends grave consequences, not only for the nuclear industry but for other industries involved with potentially toxic substances

  19. KEWENANGAN MAHKAMAH KONSTITUSI DALAM PROSES IMPEACHMENT PRESIDEN MENURUT SISTEM KETATANEGARAAN REPUBLIK INDONESIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Fauzan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The authority of the Constitutional Court to adjudicate and decide upon the opinion of the House of Representatives that the President and/or vice president has violated the law of treason to the state, corruption, bribery, other felonies, or moral turpitude, and/or that the President and /or Vice President no longer meets the conditions as President and/or Vice President are normative efforts to avoid a repeat of dismisal that are soley based on slander and suspicion which are only to satisfy the political interests of political elites.

  20. H.R. 1972: A bill to amend title 38, United States Code, with respect to benefits for veterans who may have been exposed to ionizing radiation during military service, and for other purposes, introduced in the US House of Representatives, One Hundred Second Congress, First Session, April 22, 1991

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1991-01-01

    This bill was introduced into the US House of Representatives on April 22, 1991 to amend title 38, United States Code. This legislation involves benefits for veterans who may have been exposed to ionizing radiation during military service. Individual sections address the following: expansion of presumption of service connection for certain radiation-exposed reservists; expansion of list of diseases presumed to be service-connected for certain radiation-exposed veterans and elimination of latency-period limitations; and adjudication of claims based on exposure to ionizing radiation