WorldWideScience

Sample records for adjudication

  1. 20 CFR 320.6 - Adjudicating office.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Adjudicating office. 320.6 Section 320.6... DETERMINATIONS § 320.6 Adjudicating office. (a) The term “adjudicating office” means any subordinate office of... respect to claims for benefits. The following paragraphs state which offices of the Board are...

  2. 49 CFR 511.2 - Nature of adjudicative proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Nature of adjudicative proceedings. 511.2 Section... SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ADJUDICATIVE PROCEDURES Scope of Rules; Nature of Adjudicative Proceedings, Definitions § 511.2 Nature of adjudicative proceedings. Adjudicative...

  3. 16 CFR 3.2 - Nature of adjudicative proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nature of adjudicative proceedings. 3.2... RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE PROCEEDINGS Scope of Rules; Nature of Adjudicative Proceedings § 3.2 Nature of adjudicative proceedings. Adjudicative proceedings are those formal proceedings conducted under...

  4. 100 years of international arbitration and adjudication

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    KEITH, Kenneth

    2014-01-01

    ...) - peaceful means of settlement of international disputes - processes for clarification and development of international law - Hague Academy on International Law - arbitration and adjudication within...

  5. 16 CFR 1025.2 - Nature of adjudicative proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Nature of adjudicative proceedings. 1025.2 Section 1025.2 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE PROCEEDINGS Scope of Rules, Nature of Adjudicative Proceedings, Definitions § 1025.2 Nature...

  6. 29 CFR 18.201 - Official notice of adjudicative facts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Official notice of adjudicative facts. 18.201 Section 18.201... of adjudicative facts. (a) Scope of rule. This rule governs only official notice of adjudicative facts. (b) Kinds of facts. An officially noticed fact must be one not subject to reasonable dispute...

  7. 77 FR 7115 - Committee on Adjudication

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-10

    ... the Administrative Conference of the United States (ACUS). The meeting will involve discussion of a... Governance Institute and Brookings Institution) for ACUS's ``Immigration Adjudication'' project. The... Administrative Conference Web site, which can be accessed at: http://www.acus.gov/forum/ . The public may...

  8. 28 CFR 907.5 - Sanction adjudication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sanction adjudication. 907.5 Section 907.5 Judicial Administration NATIONAL CRIME PREVENTION AND PRIVACY COMPACT COUNCIL COMPACT COUNCIL... this Part by asking the Compact Council Chairman for an opportunity to address the Compact Council....

  9. Rethinking Adjudication under the European Convention

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C.M. Zoethout

    2012-01-01

    This chapter comments on the Lautsi judgements as a prelude to the core problem the case reveals. In the author views, the Lautsi case demonstrate that it is time for the Court to develop a new mode of adjudication-a form of review which makes it possible to act as a countermajoritarian institution

  10. 24 CFR 100.147 - Adjudication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... DISCRIMINATORY CONDUCT UNDER THE FAIR HOUSING ACT Discrimination in Residential Real Estate-Related Transactions... 24 Housing and Urban Development 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Adjudication. 100.147 Section 100.147 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and Urban Development OFFICE...

  11. 5 CFR 300.706 - Office of Personnel Management adjudication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Office of Personnel Management adjudication. 300.706 Section 300.706 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE... Service Law § 300.706 Office of Personnel Management adjudication. (a) OPM will determine whether failure...

  12. A unifying framework for the problem of adjudicating conflicting claims

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard, Jens Leth; Østerdal, Lars Peter Raahave; Moreno-Terero, Juan D.

    2012-01-01

    In a recent paper, Thomson and Yeh [Thomson, W., Yeh, C.-H., 2008. Operators for the adjudication of conflicting claims. Journal of Economic Theory 143, 177–198] introduced the concept of operators on the space of rules for the problem of adjudicating conflicting claims. They focused on three ope...

  13. A Unifying Framework for the Problem of Adjudicating Conflicting Claims

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard, Jens Leth; Moreno-Ternero, Juan D.; Østerdal, Lars Peter Raahave

    the structure of such a space. In this paper, we generalize their analysis upon presenting and studying a general family of operators inspired by three apparently unrelated approaches to the problem of adjudicating conflicting claims. We study the structural properties of this family and show, in particular......In a recent paper, Thomson and Yeh [Operators for the adjudication of conflicting claims, Journal of Economic Theory 143 (2008) 177-198] introduced the concept of operators on the space of rules for the problem of adjudicating conflicting claims. They focussed on three operators in order to uncover...

  14. A Unifying Framework for the Problem of Adjudicating Conflicting Claims

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard, Jens Leth; Moreno-Ternero, Juan D.; Østerdal, Lars Peter Raahave

    In a recent paper, Thomson and Yeh [Operators for the adjudication of conflicting claims, Journal of Economic Theory 143 (2008) 177-198] introduced the concept of operators on the space of rules for the problem of adjudicating conflicting claims. They focussed on three operators in order to uncover...... the structure of such a space. In this paper, we generalize their analysis upon presenting and studying a general family of operators inspired by three apparently unrelated approaches to the problem of adjudicating conflicting claims. We study the structural properties of this family and show, in particular...

  15. Evaluating Potential Guardians for Adults Adjudicated Incompetent.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demakis, George J

    2016-09-01

    Despite the considerable interest from psychology and law in how to assess and conceptualized competency issues, relatively little has been written about guardianship, particularly how to best evaluate guardianship candidates. This is problematic because a guardian is assigned once an individual is adjudicated incompetent and decision-making about this is difficult in some cases. As psychologists have much to offer the court in making recommendations about a suitable guardian, the purpose of this article is to provide specific recommendation in domains to assess in an interview with a potential guardian. Domains that should be assessed include the following: relationship with proposed ward, knowledge and insight about proposed ward, guardianship plans, decision-making style, and suitability for guardianship. Recommendations are also provided for especially difficult cases such as when working with families in conflict, the presence of undue influence, and when a family member or friend is pitted against a disinterested public agency. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  16. Culture (and religion in constitutional adjudication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C Rautenbach

    2003-10-01

    Full Text Available The faculty of law of the Potchefstroom University for Christian Higher Education in corroboration with the Konrad-Adenauer-Stifttung embarked on a study on Politics, Socio-Economic Issues and Culture in Constitutional Adjudication. The aim of the project is twofold. The first aim is to analyse the influence of political, socio-economic and cultural considerations on the constitutional court’s interpretation and application of the Bill of Rights. The second aim is to develop practical guidelines (based on the findings during the analysing process for South African courts confronted with issues of a political, socio-economic and cultural nature. This article is concerned with initiating discussions of the decisions of the constitutional court with regard to cultural and religious rights.Before we can explore the role of political, socio-economic and cultural (and religious rights in the decisions of the constitutional court it is important to discuss a few preliminary issues. In this article the meaning of culture and religion within the South African context receives some attention. Secondly, some preliminary comments regarding constitutional protection of culturally and religiously based rights will be made.We are well aware that this is a daunting task, not only in view of the seemingly abysmal gap between the applicable constitutional rights and values enshrined in the 1996 Constitution that, in some instances over centuries, brought about customs and practices within “traditional” communities which, seemingly, infringe on certain constitutional values and rights.

  17. The Effect of Selected Nonmusical Factors on Adjudicators' Ratings of High School Solo Vocal Performances

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howard, Sandra A.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of differentiated performance attire and stage deportment on adjudicators' ratings of high school solo vocal performances. High school choral students (n = 153) and undergraduate (n = 97) and graduate music majors (n = 32) served as adjudicators (N = 282). Adjudicators rated recorded solo vocal…

  18. 38 CFR 3.161 - Expedited Claims Adjudication Initiative-Pilot Program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Adjudication Initiative-Pilot Program. 3.161 Section 3.161 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT... Claims § 3.161 Expedited Claims Adjudication Initiative—Pilot Program. Rules pertaining to the Expedited Claims Adjudication Initiative Pilot Program are set forth in part 20, subpart P, of this...

  19. Does the justice concur witn court adjudication of criminal case?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berova D.M.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Two formulas are confronted in the article: “justice in the Russian Federation is administered only by court” and “court adjudicates criminal cases”. Different scientific standpoints are analyzed. The viewpoint on justice as any court procedural activity (including pre-trial control of preliminary investigation bodies and arguments justifying it are studied, notably justice is not only judicial proceeding and conclusion on guilt and liability, but also deciding issues on arrest, search, taking other measures of criminal procedure constraint. The author proposes to consider justice in its direct meaning and in the narrow sense as the court activity on trying and adjudicating criminal cases. The rest of the court’s functions including the function of pre-trial control of preliminary investigation bodies cannot be considered as justice. The criminal case adjudication totally concurs with justice, and “justice” remains the priority legislative term. It is proved that justice as criminal case adjudication begins in the stage of preparing for judicial sitting, but it is executed in all the following degrees of jurisdiction and also when reopening the case due to newly discovered facts. In such cases reversal and revision of a sentence are possible, which is court’s prerogative forming a justice function. The judicial proceeding in the stage of executing a sentence is not considered as justice because in this case the sentence is not reversed or revised, its legality and validity are not examined and questioned, but execution of punishment can be amended.

  20. 76 FR 45337 - Rules of Practice for Adjudication Proceedings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-28

    ..., 58832-33 (Oct. 7, 2008). The Rules adopted herein are animated by the experiences of these agencies. Drawing from best practices of existing agency adjudication processes, these Rules look to learn from and... evidentiary hearings. Section 1081.102 Rules of Construction This section, drawn from the Uniform Rules,...

  1. 15 CFR 2.5 - Adjudication and settlement of claims.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 15 Commerce and Foreign Trade 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Adjudication and settlement of claims. 2.5 Section 2.5 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce PROCEDURES FOR... claims. (a) Upon receipt of a claim by the Assistant General Counsel for Finance and Litigation, the...

  2. 12 CFR 1705.26 - Decision of the adjudicative officer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... ACT Procedures for Filing and Consideration of the Application for Award § 1705.26 Decision of the... acted in bad faith, or whether special circumstances would make the award unjust. (e) In decisions on... adversary adjudication or whether special circumstance make the award unjust....

  3. Improving Virtual / Constructive Training and Experimentation with Human Adjudication

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-01

    most common situations involve modeling errors. They may also involve secondary effects of those errors. One such example would be if a rifle shoots ...player requests an adjudication to reconstitute 15 members of his unit because "an enemy soldier appeared out of nowhere and began shooting ." When...Aviation EAE – Fort Rucker NOSC, NEAE – Fort Gordon SMDC - Redstone Models, Tools and Systems OneSAF CES CRA -P Network Timeserver Representation: COMMS

  4. Adjudication accessibility of the solar energy with GIS tools

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radim Rybár

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Constantly increase prise of oil and natural gas at the world market, increase consumption of electric power forces people to look for new energy sources. Concentration to renewable energy is an attention of specialist and non-professional public. The solar energy is one of the renewable energy. A lot of different factors influence as possibilities using the solar energy. For adjudication possibilities using solar energy is needed to know and calculate quantity accessibility of radiation and its energy for potential locality. This calculation is determined by geographic location, critical time, climatic and meteorological conditions, and position study plain. GIS tools can be very useful for this calculation. Created digital terrain model of Košice fold is used for the adjudication accessibility solar energy. The basic attribute of digital terrain model is used, such as possibilities deduce more parameters like slope and aspect. Basic location parameter of adjudication plain by determine accessibility of the solar radiation is a slope β and an azimuth plain normale An.

  5. Outcome assessment for clinical trials: how many adjudicators do we need? Canadian Lung Oncology Group.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walter, S D; Cook, D J; Guyatt, G H; King, D; Troyan, S

    1997-02-01

    Considerable effort is often expended to adjudicate outcomes in clinical trials, but little has been written on the administration of the adjudication process and its possible impact on study results. As a case study, we describe the function and performance of an adjudication committee in a large randomized trial of two diagnostic approaches to potentially operable lung cancer. Up to five independent adjudicators independently determined two primary outcomes: tumor status at death or at final follow-up and the cause of death. Patients for whom there was any disagreement were discussed in committee until a consensus was achieved. We describe the pattern of agreement among the adjudicators and with the final consensus result. Additionally, we model the adjudication process and predict the results if a smaller committee had been used. We found that reducing the number of adjudicators from five to two or three would probably have changed the consensus outcome in less than 10% of cases. Correspondingly, the effect on the final study results (comparing primary outcomes in both randomized arms) would have been altered very little. Even using a single adjudicator would not have affected the results substantially. About 90 minutes of person-time per patient was required for activities directly related to the adjudication process, or approximately 6 months of full time work for the entire study. This level of effort could be substantially reduced by using fewer adjudicators with little impact on the results. Thus, we suggest that when high observer agreement is demonstrated or anticipated, adjudication committees should consist of no more than three members. Further work is needed to evaluate if smaller committees are adequate to detect small but important treatment effects or if they compromise validity when the level of adjudicator agreement is lower.

  6. The Role of Quality in the Adjudication of Public Tenders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geo Quinot

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The quality of the goods or services that government procures is obviously a very important consideration in deciding which supplier should be awarded a particular public tender. It follows that in the regulation of public procurement, particular attention should be given to the role of quality (also called functionality in the adjudication of public tenders and the final award decision. In South African public procurement law, the role of functionality in public tender adjudication has been a fairly controversial issue that has resulted in a continuing interaction between courts and law-makers on how and when quality should be assessed and should impact on the final award decision within the framework for public procurement found in section 217 of the Constitution. This contribution tracks the development of the role of functionality in public tender adjudication as prescribed by public procurement regulation since the enactment of the Preferential Procurement Policy Framework Act 5 of 2000, which spearheaded the development of contemporary public procurement regulation in South Africa. The analysis shows how the role of functionality has constantly changed since the enactment of the PPPFA and remains uncertain. This uncertainty relates to different interpretations of the constitutional requirements for public procurement primarily contained in section 217(1 of the Constitution. Whether functionality is used as a qualification criterion, an award criterion or both holds particular practical implications for both suppliers and contracting authorities. It is accordingly important to have certainty on this question. However, it cannot be said that the Constitution and section 217 in particular dictates one approach rather than another. The issue should thus be resolved with reference to the statutory scheme adopted under the PPPFA.

  7. Systematic adjudication of myocardial infarction end-points in an international clinical trial

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K.W. Mahaffey (Kenneth); R.A. Harrington (Robert Alex); K.M. Akkerhuis (Martijn); N.S. Kleiman (Neal); L.G. Berdan (Lisa); B.S. Crenshaw (Brian); B.E. Tardiff (Barbara); C.B. Granger (Christopher); I. DeJong (Ingrid); M. Bhapkar (Manju); P. Widimsky (Petr); R. Corbalon (Ramón); K.L. Lee (Kerry); J.W. Deckers (Jaap); M.L. Simoons (Maarten); E.J. Topol (Eric); R.M. Califf (Robert)

    2001-01-01

    textabstractBackground. Clinical events committees (CEC) are used routinely to adjudicate suspected end-points in cardiovascular trials, but little information has been published about the various processes used. We reviewed results of the CEC process used to identify and adjudicate suspected

  8. Systematic adjudication of myocardial infarction end-points in an international clinical trial.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K.W. Mahaffey (Kenneth); R.A. Harrington (Robert Alex); N.S. Kleiman (Neal); L.G. Berdan (Lisa); B.S. Crenshaw (Brian); B.E. Tardiff (Barbara); C.B. Granger (Christopher); I. DeJong (Ingrid); M. Bhapkar (Manju); P. Widimsky (Petr); R. Corbalon (Ramón); K.L. Lee (Kerry); J.W. Deckers (Jaap); M.L. Simoons (Maarten); E.J. Topol (Eric); R.M. Califf (Robert); K.M. Akkerhuis (Martijn)

    2001-01-01

    textabstractBACKGROUND: Clinical events committees (CEC) are used routinely to adjudicate suspected end-points in cardiovascular trials, but little information has been published about the various processes used. We reviewed results of the CEC process used to identify and adjudicate suspected

  9. Good interobserver agreement was attainable on outcome adjudication in patients with stable coronary heart disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjoller, Erik; Hilden, Jorgen; Winkel, Per;

    2012-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: In clinical trials, agreement on outcomes is of utmost importance for valid estimation of intervention effects. As there is limited knowledge about adjudicator agreement in cardiology, we examined the level of agreement among three cardiology specialists adjudicating all possible event...

  10. 12 CFR 509.101 - Appointment of Office of Financial Institution Adjudication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Appointment of Office of Financial Institution... Office of Financial Institution Adjudication. Unless otherwise directed by the Office, all hearings under... direction of the Office of Financial Institution Adjudication, 1700 G Street NW., Washington, DC 20552. ...

  11. 12 CFR 263.54 - Delegation to the Office of Financial Institution Adjudication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Uniform Rules § 263.54 Delegation to the Office of Financial Institution Adjudication. Unless otherwise... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Delegation to the Office of Financial Institution Adjudication. 263.54 Section 263.54 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF...

  12. Constitutional Adjudication in Colombia: Avant-Garde or Case law Transplant? A Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana Lizarazo-Rodríguez

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Colombia is mentioned, together with the US, Uruguay, Argentina and Mexico, as one of the first countries worldwide to adopt the judicial review as a means for adjudicating on the constitutionality of legislation. In recent years, and particularly since the enactment of the Political Constitution of 1991, the Colombian Constitutional Court is also mentioned as a notorious example of judicial activism in terms of legislating through the constitutional adjudication process. This article presents a literature review on the globalization of judicial review and the contemporary methods of constitutional adjudication (including the balancing method, in order to assess the uniqueness and avantgarde nature of constitutional adjudication in Colombia in the global context. Brief reference is also made to the literature on the institutional limitations faced by less developed countries, inasmuch as they affect the way constitutional adjudication is applied and perceived.

  13. Adjudication of Fibromyalgia Syndrome: Challenges in the Medicolegal Arena

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary-Ann Fitzcharles

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The medicolegal challenges surrounding fibromyalgia (FM arise from the subjectivity of symptoms, causal attribution and reported symptoms sufficiently severe to cause disablement. In the present article, the authors have endeavoured to provide clarification of some current issues by referencing the current literature, including the 2012 Canadian Fibromyalgia Guidelines. While FM is accepted as a valid condition, its diagnosis is vulnerable to misuse due to the subjectivity of symptoms. Without a defining cause, a physical or psychological event may be alleged to trigger FM, but adjudication of causation must be prudent. Although some individuals may experience severe symptoms, the prevalent societal concept of disablement due to FM must be tempered with the knowledge that working contributes to psychosocial wellbeing. Evidence provided in the present report may assist the courts in reaching decisions concerning FM.

  14. Immigration Adjudication: The Missing “Rule of Law”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lenni B. Benson

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The United States spends more than $19 billion each year on border and immigration enforcement.[1] The Obama administration removed more people in eight years than the last four administrations combined.[2] Yet, to the Trump administration, enforcement is not yet robust enough. Among other measures, the administration favors more expedited and summary removals. More than 80 percent[3] of all removal orders are already issued outside the court process: When the Department of Homeland Security (DHS uses summary removal processes, both access to counsel and an immigration judge can be nearly impossible. Advocates and policy analysts are equally concerned that a backlog of over 545,000 immigration court cases creates delay that harm people seeking asylum and other humanitarian protection. Recent use of priority or “rocket” dockets in immigration court and lack of appointed counsel also interfere with the fair adjudication of claims. Thus the administrative removal system is criticized both for being inefficient and moving too slowly, on the one hand, and for moving too quickly without adequate procedural safeguards, on the other. Both critiques have merit. The challenge is to design, implement, and most critically, maintain an appropriately balanced adjudication system. While it is clear that US removal procedures need reform, process alone will not be able to address some of the systematic flaws within the system. Ultimately, the DHS will need to refine and prioritize the cases that are placed into the system and the government needs new tools, widely used in other adjudication systems, that can reduce backlogs, incentivize cooperation, and facilitate resolution. Congress should similarly reexamine the barriers to status and avenues for regularization or preservation of status. The paucity of equitable forms or relief and the lack of statutes of limitation place stress on the immigration court system. The lack of appointed counsel has a

  15. Exposure to airborne metals and particulate matter and risk for youth adjudicated for criminal activity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haynes, Erin N., E-mail: Erin.Haynes@uc.edu [College of Medicine, Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45267 (United States); Chen, Aimin, E-mail: Aimin.Chen@uc.edu [College of Medicine, Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45267 (United States); Ryan, Patrick, E-mail: Patrick.Ryan@uc.edu [College of Medicine, Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45267 (United States); Succop, Paul, E-mail: Paul.Succop@uc.edu [College of Medicine, Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45267 (United States); Wright, John, E-mail: John.Wright@uc.edu [College of Education, Criminal Justice, and Human Services, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45221 (United States); Dietrich, Kim N., E-mail: Kim.Dietrich@uc.edu [College of Medicine, Department of Environmental Health, University of Cincinnati, Cincinnati, OH 45267 (United States)

    2011-11-15

    Antisocial behavior is a product of multiple interacting sociohereditary variables, yet there is increasing evidence that metal exposure, particularly, manganese and lead, play a role in its epigenesis. Other metals, such as arsenic, cadmium, chromium, and mercury, and exposure to traffic-related air pollution, such as fine particulate matter ({<=}2.5 {mu}m) have been associated with neurological deficits, yet largely unexplored with respect to their relationship with delinquent behavior. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the ecological relationship between county-wide reported airborne emissions of air metals, particulate matter, and youth adjudicated for criminal activity. Metal exposure data were collected from the Environmental Protection Agency AirData. Population statistics were obtained from the United States Census 2000 and adjudication data was obtained from the Courts of Common Pleases from each Ohio County. Simple correlations were calculated with the percentage of adjudications, all covariates, and estimated metal air emissions. Separate negative binomial regression models for each pollutant were used to provide an estimated risk ratio of pollutant emissions on the risk of adjudication for all Ohio counties adjusting for urban-rural residence, percentage of African Americans, median family income, percentage of family below poverty, percentage of high school graduation in 25 years and older populations, and population density. Metal emissions and PM in 1999 were all correlated with adjudication rate (2003-2005 average). Metal emissions were associated with slightly higher risk of adjudication, with about 3-4% increased risk per natural log unit of metal emission except chromium. The associations achieved statistical significance for manganese and mercury. The particulate matter {<=}2.5 and {<=}10 {mu}m emissions had a higher risk estimate, with 12% and 19% increase per natural log unit emission, respectively, and also achieved statistical

  16. 16 CFR 3.13 - Adjudicative hearing on issues arising in rulemaking proceedings under the Fair Packaging and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Adjudicative hearing on issues arising in rulemaking proceedings under the Fair Packaging and Labeling Act. 3.13 Section 3.13 Commercial Practices... PROCEEDINGS Pleadings § 3.13 Adjudicative hearing on issues arising in rulemaking proceedings under the...

  17. Experiential Education as an Integral Part of Day Treatment for Adjudicated Delinquent Youth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaus, Charles

    The role of experiential education is the focus of this paper describing the treatment program at De La Salle Vocational, a day vocational high school for adjudicated delinquent youth. The paper begins by discussing the characteristics and needs of the students and describing the Off-Campus Program, a 3-year research model designed to address the…

  18. Gender Differences in Psychopathic Traits, Types, and Correlates of Aggression among Adjudicated Youth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stickle, Timothy R.; Marini, Victoria A.; Thomas, Jamila N.

    2012-01-01

    The current study investigated gender differences in types and correlates of aggression among 150 adjudicated youth (M age = 15.2, SD = 1.4). In cluster analysis, consistent with past studies, one aggressive group characterized by moderate levels of reactive aggression and one characterized by high levels of proactive and reactive aggression…

  19. 12 CFR 585.50 - What adjudications and offenses are not covered by this part?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... and offenses are not covered by this part? (a) Youthful offender or juvenile delinquent. This part does not cover any adjudication by a court against a person as: (1) A youthful offender under any youthful offender law; or (2) A juvenile delinquent by a court with jurisdiction over minors as defined by...

  20. 8 CFR 204.313 - Filing and adjudication of a Form I-800.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... service provider's plan for post-placement duties, as specified in 22 CFR 96.50; and (5) If the child may... has given the notice contemplated by article 5(c) of the Convention, shall constitute prima facie... jurisdiction under 8 CFR 204.308(b) to adjudicate the Form I-800, together with the evidence specified in...

  1. 75 FR 30690 - Civil Penalty Inflation Adjustment for Commercial Space Adjudications

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-02

    ... Commercial Space Adjudications AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration, DOT. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This final rule brings Federal Aviation Administration commercial space transportation regulations into... penalty contained in 14 CFR part 406 authorized for violations of the Commercial Space Launch Act of...

  2. 77 FR 1049 - Notice of Public Meetings of the Committee on Adjudication of the Administrative Conference of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-09

    ... ``About'' section of the Conference's Web site, at http://www.acus.gov . Click on ``About,'' then on ``The Committees,'' and then on ``Committee on Adjudication.'' Comments may be submitted by email to...

  3. Comparison of central adjudication of outcomes and onsite outcome assessment on treatment effect estimates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ndounga Diakou, Lee A ymar; Trinquart, Ludovic; Hróbjartsson, Asbjørn

    2016-01-01

    assessed by onsite assessors versus by AC, and 2) treatment effect estimates according to the blinding status of the onsite assessor as well as the process used to select events to adjudicate. SEARCH METHODS: We searched Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), PubMed, EMBASE, Psyc......BACKGROUND: Assessment of events by adjudication committees (ACs) is recommended in multicentre randomised controlled trials (RCTs). However, its usefulness has been questioned. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this systematic review was to compare 1) treatment effect estimates of subjective clinical events......INFO, CINAHL and Google Scholar (25 August 2015 as the last updated search date), using a combination of terms to retrieve RCTs with commonly used terms to describe ACs. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included all reports of RCTs and the published RCTs included in reviews and meta-analyses that reported the same...

  4. Offending, Adjudication, and Outcome Patterns of Solo Male, Solo Female, and Partnered Mass Murderers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurian, Elizabeth A

    2017-06-01

    Research on mass murder is limited due to differences in definitions (particularly with respect to victim count), as well as categorizations based on motive. These limitations restrict our understanding of the offending, adjudication, and outcome patterns of these offenders and can obscure potential underlying similarities to comparable types of offenders (e.g., lone actors or terrorists). To address some of these limitations, this research study, which includes an international sample of 434 cases (455 total offenders), uses descriptive and empirical analyses of solo male, solo female, and partnered mass murderers (teams of two or more) to explore offending, adjudication, and outcome patterns among these different types offenders. While the results from this research study support much previous mass murder research, the findings also emphasize the importance of large international sample sizes, objective categorizations, and the use of empirically based analyses to further advance our understanding of these offenders.

  5. Discordance in investigator-reported and adjudicated sudden death in TIOSPIR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert A. Wise

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Accurate and consistent determination of cause of death is challenging in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD patients. TIOSPIR (N=17 135 compared the safety and efficacy of tiotropium Respimat 5/2.5 µg with HandiHaler 18 µg in COPD patients. All-cause mortality was a primary end-point. A mortality adjudication committee (MAC assessed all deaths. We aimed to investigate causes of discordance in investigator-reported and MAC-adjudicated causes of death and their impact on results, especially cardiac and sudden death. The MAC provided independent, blinded assessment of investigator-reported deaths (n=1302 and assigned underlying cause of death. Discordance between causes of death was assessed descriptively (shift tables. There was agreement between investigator-reported and MAC-adjudicated deaths in 69.4% of cases at the system organ class level. Differences were mainly observed for cardiac deaths (16.4% investigator, 5.1% MAC and deaths assigned to general disorders including sudden death (17.4% investigator, 24.6% MAC. Reasons for discrepancies included investigator attribution to the immediate (e.g. myocardial infarction (MI over the underlying cause of death (e.g. COPD and insufficient information for a definitive cause. Cause-specific mortality varies in COPD, depending on the method of assignment. Sudden death, witnessed and unwitnessed, is common in COPD and often attributed to MI without supporting evidence.

  6. Not Just the Facts: Adjudicator Bias and Decisions of the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (2006-2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Innessa Colaiacovo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada (IRB is Canada’s largest administrative tribunal. The Refugee Protection Division (RPD of the IRB is responsible for the adjudication of refugee claims made from within Canada.  In accordance with its obligations under international law, Canada grants protection to persons who have a well-founded fear of persecution because of race, nationality, religion, political opinion, or membership in a particular social group. In addition, a person may request protection in Canada on the basis of his or her fear of torture, risk to life or risk of cruel and unusual treatment or punishment. Acceptance (approval rates of claims vary widely across members of the IRB, with some granting asylum in less than 10 percent of cases, and others granting asylum in more than 90 percent of cases. Despite this fact, there is a lack of analysis exploring whether grant rates vary systematically in relationship to observed characteristics of adjudicators. This paper presents statistical analysis of over 68,000 refugee claims adjudicated by 264 members of the board from 2006 to 2011. It finds that the probability of acceptance is associated with individual members’ characteristics including education, gender, and professional experience, when holding constant the claimant’s country of origin, gender, and the year and regional office of adjudication. The findings suggest that the identity of the adjudicator affects whether or not an individual receives asylum. 

  7. Fibromyalgia and Disability Adjudication: No Simple Solutions to a Complex Problem

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manfred Harth

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Adjudication of disability claims related to fibromyalgia (FM syndrome can be a challenging and complex process. A commentary published in the current issue of Pain Research & Management makes suggestions for improvement. The authors of the commentary contend that: previously and currently used criteria for the diagnosis of FM are irrelevant to clinical practice; the opinions of family physicians should supersede those of experts; there is little evidence that trauma can cause FM; no formal instruments are necessary to assess disability; and many FM patients on or applying for disability are exaggerating or malingering, and tests of symptoms validity should be used to identify malingerers.

  8. The impact of juveniles' ages and levels of psychosocial maturity on judges' opinions about adjudicative competence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cox, Jennifer Mayer; Goldstein, Naomi E S; Dolores, John; Zelechoski, Amanda D; Messenheimer, Sharon

    2012-02-01

    This study investigated whether defendants' ages and levels of psychosocial maturity would affect judges' ratings of juveniles' adjudicative competence in juvenile and criminal court. Three hundred forty two judges reviewed a forensic psychological report about a hypothetical defendant; only the defendant's age (12-17) and maturity level (mature, immature) varied across reports. Results revealed a main effect of age, with older juveniles generally deemed more competent, and a main effect of maturity, with mature juveniles generally deemed more competent. No interaction was found. Results suggest that age and maturity play major roles in judicial determinations of juvenile competency.

  9. Oregon's Gun Relief Program for Adjudicated Mentally Ill Persons: The Psychiatric Security Review Board.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Britton, Juliet; Bloom, Joseph D

    2015-06-01

    This article describes the State of Oregon's implementation of two programs designed to comply with federal gun laws regarding reporting individuals who have received mental health adjudications in criminal and civil courts. One mandate requires that states submit names of adjudicated individuals to the National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS) while the second requires that the state establish a qualifying gun restoration program for those disqualified from gun ownership. In 2009, Oregon's Legislature developed an administrative approach to gun restoration and assigned the responsibility for conducting these hearing to the Oregon Psychiatric Security Review Board (PSRB). The PSRB is a state administrative board that has existed since 1977 and has been primarily focused on the supervision and treatment of adult and juvenile insanity acquittees. The gun restoration program began in 2010, but to date has only received three completed petitions requesting restoration of firearm rights. The article concludes with a discussion that surmises why very few of the Oregonians who are listed in NICS have submitted petitions for relief. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  10. 77 FR 25121 - Notice of Public Meeting of the Committee on Adjudication of the Administrative Conference of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-27

    ... Web site, at http://www.acus.gov . Click on ``Research,'' then on ``Committee Meetings.'' Comments may be submitted by email to Comments@acus.gov , with ``Committee on Adjudication'' in the subject line... 20th Street NW., Suite 706 South, Washington, DC 20036; Telephone 202-480-2080; Email:...

  11. Forensic Psychology in Disability Adjudication: A Decade of Experience. Vocational Experts in the Bureau of Hearings and Appeals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hannings, Robert B., Ed.; And Others

    The monograph has been arranged to offer the reader maximum insight into not only the role of the Vocational Expert, but his role when viewed as one factor interdependent with several others in the total context of the adjudicative process of the Social Security disability program. Emphasis is given to its genesis and evaluation, emphasizing the…

  12. The Influence of Living Situations on Family Therapy Involvement Among Youth Adjudicated of a Sexual Crime.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoder, Jamie R

    2016-04-01

    Clinical and research professionals working with youth who have sexually offended have increasingly advocated for community-based care. However, other scholars have noted the appropriateness of residential placements for many youth. Research is inconclusive concerning the degree to which youth with sexually harmful behaviors receive family services, particularly family therapy in either community-based care settings or residential settings, and has yet to thoroughly identify how placement influences family therapy involvement. This study reviews the files of youth who have been adjudicated of a sexual crime (N = 85) to quantitatively identify how living situations influence family therapy involvement. Using bivariate estimations, findings reveal that youth living out of the home and those who change placements were more involved in family therapy than those treated in their own communities or homes. Implications and future research directions are considered. © The Author(s) 2014.

  13. Crime and substance misuse in adjudicated delinquent youth: the worst of both worlds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walters, Glenn D

    2014-04-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether comorbid offending and substance misuse in previously adjudicated delinquents correlated better with measures of concurrent antisocial cognition and personality and subsequent criminality and substance misuse than offending or substance misuse alone. A sample of 1,177 youths was divided into four groups based on self-reported crime and substance misuse data from Wave 4 (ages 16-21) of the Pathways to Desistance study (Mulvey, 2012): a no-crime and substance-misuse (NCS) group, a crime-only (CO) group, a substance-misuse-only (SO) group, and a crime and substance-misuse (C&S) group. As predicted, youths in the C&S group earned significantly higher scores on concurrent measures of neuroticism, grandiosity/manipulation, callousness/unemotionality, impulsivity/irresponsibility, and moral disengagement, and significantly lower scores on measures of agreeableness, conscientiousness, impulse control, suppression of aggression, and consideration of others than did youths in the other three groups. Prospective analyses revealed that C&S participants engaged in more subsequent crime and experienced more substance-related social problems than participants in the other three groups and reported significantly more substance-related dependency symptoms and episodes of alcohol/drug treatment than participants in the NCS and CO groups. Hence, previously adjudicated youths who experienced problems with crime and substances in late adolescence/early adulthood were at increased risk for concurrent antisocial cognition and personality problems and subsequent crime and substance-misuse problems compared with participants in the other three groups. The prospective effects were found to be partially mediated by antisocial cognition in the form of moral disengagement.

  14. Lay Adjudication in Europe: The Rise and Fall of the Traditional Jury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Jackson

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Drawing on a second survey of lay adjudication in Europe conducted by the authors in 2011-2012, this article points to a general decline across Europe in the use of the ‘traditional’ jury and a trend towards diminishing its capacity to deliver independent decisions. Two examples from Eastern and Western Europe are used to illustrate this trend: a case study of the Russian jury shows how a lack of respect within the legal culture of professionals for lay adjudication has reduced the jury in Russia to a mere ‘decorative’ institution and an analysis of the ECtHR’s jurisprudence shows how the Court’s concern to avoid arbitrary decision making has been encouraging Western European states to introduce greater accountability measures, which threaten the jury’s independence. The article ends on a more optimistic note by arguing that greater accountability measures need not detract from the jury’ s traditional role in promoting lay and political participation in the administration of justice. Basándose en una segunda encuesta sobre adjudicación de legos en Europa desarrollada por los autores entre 2011 y 2012, este artículo apunta a una disminución general en toda Europa del uso del jurado "tradicional" y una tendencia hacia su capacidad cada vez menor de prestar decisiones independientes. Se utilizan dos ejemplos de Europa oriental y occidental para ilustrar esta tendencia: un estudio de caso del jurado ruso demuestra cómo dentro de la cultura jurídica, la falta de respeto de los profesionales hacia la adjudicación de legos ha reducido el jurado en Rusia a una institución meramente “decorativa” y un análisis de la jurisprudencia del TEDH muestra cómo la preocupación de la Corte para evitar la toma de decisiones arbitrarias ha fomentado que los estados de Europa occidental introduzcan mayores medidas de control, que ponen en peligro la independencia del jurado. El artículo termina con una nota más optimista con el

  15. Family context and externalizing correlates of childhood animal cruelty in adjudicated delinquents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walters, Glenn D; Noon, Alexandria

    2015-05-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether childhood animal cruelty is primarily a feature of family context or of externalizing behavior. Twenty measures of family context and proactive (fearlessness) and reactive (disinhibition) externalizing behavior were correlated with the retrospective accounts of childhood animal cruelty provided by 1,354 adjudicated delinquents. A cross-sectional analysis revealed that all 20 family context, proactive externalizing, and reactive externalizing variables correlated significantly with animal cruelty. Prospective analyses showed that when the animal cruelty variable was included in a regression equation with the 10 family context variables (parental arguing and fighting, parental drug use, parental hostility, and parental knowledge and monitoring of offspring behavior) or in a regression equation with the five reactive externalizing variables (interpersonal hostility, secondary psychopathy, weak impulse control, weak suppression of aggression, and short time horizon), it continued to predict future violent and income (property + drug) offending. The animal cruelty variable no longer predicted offending, however, when included in a regression equation with the five proactive externalizing variables (early onset behavioral problems, primary psychopathy, moral disengagement, positive outcome expectancies for crime, and lack of consideration for others). These findings suggest that while animal cruelty correlates with a wide range of family context and externalizing variables, it may serve as a marker of violent and nonviolent offending by virtue of its position on the proactive subdimension of the externalizing spectrum.

  16. Evaluation of the adjudicated incest cases in Turkey: difficulties in notification of incestuous relationships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gunduz, Tarık; Karbeyaz, Kenan; Ayranci, Unal

    2011-03-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence and evaluation of the adjudicated incest cases in the heavy penal court in a province of western Turkey. The court files of 65 incest cases during a 10-year period between 1999 and 2008 were explored. When compared to those who lived in cities, the cases who lived in rural areas, such as villages or towns, had been exposed to penetration more frequently (94.3% and 70.0%, respectively, p<0.01). For the cases where the victim and perpetrator lived in the same house, the accused were generally members of the nuclear family (p<0.001). When compared to those who had not been exposed to penetration, most of those who had been exposed to it were determined to apply later (after 10 days) to judicial institutions (77.8%, p<0.01). The education and awareness of persons, such as teachers and physicians, who may confront incestuous relationships rather frequently are very important in the protection of children and in their adaptation to society.

  17. Impact of behavioral genetic evidence on the adjudication of criminal behavior.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Appelbaum, Paul S; Scurich, Nicholas

    2014-01-01

    Recent advances in behavioral genetics suggest a modest relationship among certain gene variants, early childhood experiences, and criminal behavior. Although scientific research examining this link is still at an early stage, genetic data are already being introduced in criminal trials. However, the extent to which such evidence is likely to affect jurors' decisions has not been explored. In the present study, a representative sample of the U.S. population (n = 250) received a vignette describing an apparently impulsive homicide, accompanied by one of four explanations of the defendant's impulsivity: childhood abuse, genetic predisposition, childhood abuse and genetic predisposition, or simple impulsive behavior. The participants were asked to identify the crime that the defendant had committed and to select an appropriate sentence range. Evidence of genetic predisposition did not affect the crime of which the defendant was convicted or the sentence. However, participants who received the abuse or genetic + abuse explanation imposed longer prison sentences. Paradoxically, the genetic and genetic + abuse conditions engendered the greatest fear of the defendant. These findings should allay concerns that genetic evidence in criminal adjudications will be overly persuasive to jurors, but should raise questions about the impact of genetic attributions on perceptions of dangerousness.

  18. The Independent Living Scales in civil competency evaluations: initial findings and prediction of competency adjudication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quickel, Emalee J W; Demakis, George J

    2013-06-01

    We address a gap in the literature on civil competency by examining characteristics of those who undergo civil competency evaluations and how well Managing Money and Health and Safety subscales of the Independent Living Scales (ILS) predict legal competency adjudications. We were also interested whether these subscales are more accurate in making such predictions than the Mini-Mental State Examination and Trail-Making Test, Parts A and B, well-known measures of neuropsychological functioning. Actual legal competency decisions were obtained from public court records on 71 individuals with either mental retardation/borderline intellectual functioning (MR/BIF) or psychiatric, neurological, or combined psychiatric or neurological diagnoses. We found that those with neurological diagnoses performed significantly better on the Trail-Making Test, Part A, than the MR/BIF and combined neurological and psychiatric groups, and they demonstrated trends in the same direction for other measures. Both ILS subscales performed better than the cognitive measures, in terms of both hit rate and predictive value, in predicting ultimate judicial decision-making about competency. These findings are particularly relevant for clinicians who must decide what measures to include in an assessment battery in civil competency evaluations.

  19. Reliability and validity of rorschach aggression variables with a sample of adjudicated adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liebman, Samuel J; Porcerelli, John; Abell, Steven C

    2005-08-01

    In this investigation, we assessed the reliability and validity of 5 Rorschach aggression variables (AG, A1, A2, AgC, and AgPast) in a sample of adjudicated, mostly conduct-disordered adolescents (N = 150). More specifically, we assessed the interrelationships of Rorschach aggression variables using correlational analyses and factor analysis and assessed the relationships between Rorschach variables and a measure of aggressive potential (the Manifest Aggression scale from the Jesness Inventory; Jesness, 1996) as well as a measure of real-world aggression/violence (the Violence Rating Scale-Revised [VRS-R]; Young, Justice, & Erdberg, 1997). Two of Gacono and Meloy's (1994) Rorschach aggression variables were dropped from the study (AgPot and SM) due to a low frequency of occurrence. All 5 of the remaining Rorschach aggression variables and the VRS-R were rated reliably, and factor analysis of the Rorschach variables revealed 2 distinct factors accounting for 71% of the total variance. Only the AgC variable concurrently predicted aggressive potential and aggressive/violent behavior. Results lend further support for the inclusion of AgC in the Comprehensive System's (Exner, 1993) list of Special Scores.

  20. Adjudicated morbidity and mortality outcomes by age among individuals with HIV infection on suppressive antiretroviral therapy.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher J Miller

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Non-AIDS conditions such as cardiovascular disease and non-AIDS defining cancers dominate causes of morbidity and mortality among persons with HIV on suppressive combination antiretroviral therapy. Accurate estimates of disease incidence and of risk factors for these conditions are important in planning preventative efforts. METHODS: With use of medical records, serious non-AIDS events, AIDS events, and causes of death were adjudicated using pre-specified criteria by an Endpoint Review Committee in two large international trials. Rates of serious non-AIDS which include cardiovascular disease, end-stage renal disease, decompensated liver disease, and non-AIDS cancer, and other serious (grade 4 adverse events were determined, overall and by age, over a median follow-up of 4.3 years for 3,570 participants with CD4+ cell count ≥300 cells/mm³ who were taking antiretroviral therapy and had an HIV RNA level ≤500 copies/mL. Cox models were used to examine the effect of age and other baseline factors on risk of a composite outcome of all-cause mortality, AIDS, or serious non-AIDS. RESULTS: Five-year Kaplan-Meier estimates of the composite outcome, overall and by age were 8.3% (overall, 3.6% (<40, 8.7% (40-49 and 16.1% (≥50, respectively (p<0.001. In addition to age, smoking and higher levels of interleukin-6 and D-dimer were significant predictors of the composite outcome. The composite outcome was dominated by serious non-AIDS events (overall 65% of 277 participants with a composite event. Most serious non-AIDS events were due to cardiovascular disease and non-AIDS cancers. CONCLUSIONS: To date, few large studies have carefully collected data on serious non-AIDS outcomes. Thus, reliable estimates of event rates are scarce. Data cited here, from a geographically diverse cohort, will be useful for planning studies of interventions aimed at reducing rates of serious non-AIDS events among people with HIV.

  1. Victim age-based subtypes of juveniles adjudicated for sexual offenses: comparisons across domains in an outpatient sample.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fanniff, Amanda M; Kolko, David J

    2012-06-01

    Adolescents adjudicated for sexual offenses are a heterogeneous group. The identification of more homogeneous subgroups of offenders may enable improved treatment, as the specific risks and needs presented by each group could be more effectively targeted. The current study examines three subgroups derived based on the age of victim(s), a popular method of subtyping that has mixed empirical support, using a sample of 176 males adjudicated for a sexual offense and court-ordered to participate in a community-based collaborative intervention program that integrates treatment and probationary services. Differences expected between groups based on theories regarding victim-age based subtypes are examined, in addition to differences consistently identified in prior research. Results indicate that these three subgroups are more similar than different, although some expected differences were found. Juveniles with child victims were more likely to have male victims and biologically related victims. Juveniles with peer/adult victims were more likely to have poor monitoring by their parents and more likely to have been arrested again. Juveniles with mixed types of victims appeared similar to juveniles with child victims on some variables and similar to those with peer/adult victims on others. Treatment implications and future directions for research are discussed. Typologies based on clinical characteristics of the youth rather than offense characteristics may have more promise for identifying meaningful subgroups.

  2. Use of endpoint adjudication to improve the quality and validity of endpoint assessment for medical device development and post marketing evaluation: Rationale and best practices. A report from the cardiac safety research consortium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seltzer, Jonathan H; Heise, Ted; Carson, Peter; Canos, Daniel; Hiatt, Jo Carol; Vranckx, Pascal; Christen, Thomas; Cutlip, Donald E

    2017-08-01

    This white paper provides a summary of presentations, discussions and conclusions of a Thinktank entitled "The Role of Endpoint Adjudication in Medical Device Clinical Trials". The think tank was cosponsored by the Cardiac Safety Research Committee, MDEpiNet and the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and was convened at the FDA's White Oak headquarters on March 11, 2016. Attention was focused on tailoring best practices for evaluation of endpoints in medical device clinical trials, practical issues in endpoint adjudication of therapeutic, diagnostic, biomarker and drug-device combinations, and the role of adjudication in regulatory and reimbursement issues throughout the device lifecycle. Attendees included representatives from medical device companies, the FDA, Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS), end point adjudication specialist groups, clinical research organizations, and active, academically based adjudicators. The manuscript presents recommendations from the think tank regarding (1) rationale for when adjudication is appropriate, (2) best practices establishment and operation of a medical device adjudication committee and (3) the role of endpoint adjudication for post market evaluation in the emerging era of real world evidence. Copyright © 2017. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  3. Social Bond and Self-Reported Nonviolent and Violent Delinquency: A Study of Traditional Low Risk, At-Risk, and Adjudicated Male Chinese Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Heng Choon Oliver; Chui, Wing Hong

    2015-01-01

    Background: Little is known about the level of social bond elements and their effects on delinquency among nonadjudicated (traditional low and at-risk school-aged) and adjudicated Chinese male adolescents. Objective: Using a large adolescent sample (N = 1,177) from Hong Kong and Macau, this study aims to distinguish the level of social bond…

  4. Effects of School-Based Risk and Protective Factors on Treatment Success Among Youth Adjudicated of a Sexual Crime.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoder, Jamie R; Hansen, Jesse; Ruch, Donna; Hodge, Ashleigh

    2016-04-01

    Youth with sexually problematic behaviors are impacted by the reciprocal interplay between individual characteristics and the key social and ecological systems in which they are embedded. The paucity of research on protective factors mitigating risks within various socioecological systems is of concern, as the school is one such system that has been overlooked. This study retroactively investigated probation files among youth who were adjudicated of a sexual crime (N = 85) to determine how school-level variables are associated with treatment completion. A sequential logistical regression model revealed reduced odds for school-based risk factors and a greater proportion of variance explained when school-based protective factors were included. Implications and research considerations are discussed.

  5. The Independence of Commercial Law and the Independency of Commercial Adjudication%商法的独立性与商事审判的独立化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵万一

    2012-01-01

    商事审判独立化既是商法独立性的必然要求和主要标志,同时也是实现商法独立性的重要保障,没有商事审判的独立化就没有真正意义上的商法独立。实现商事审判独立化的关键首先在于确立独立的商事审判理念,这些理念主要包括重效率的审判理念、侧重动态保护和强调利益均衡的审判理念、尊重当事人意思自治的审判理念及促进商事交易效率与安全并重的理念等。在商事审判程序的具体设计上,应当在充分把握商事审判特殊性的基础上,建立独立的法官队伍并对法官的自由裁量权做出必要限制,注重法院司法能动性的发挥,确立商事惯例和商事判例作为法律渊源的地位和作用,注意发挥诉讼替代程序在商事纠纷争议解决中的作用,强化诚信原则在商事裁判中的独特作用,充分尊重国际惯例在商事审判中的作用。%The independency of commercial adjudication is a necessary requirement and a significant sign for the independence of commercial law,which is also a guaranty to realize the independence of commercial law.Without the independency of commercial adjudication,there could be no independence of commercial law in a sense.The key to realize the independency of commercial adjudication is to establish certain relevant ideas,which mainly include putting an emphasis on the efficiency of adjudication,giving a priority to the dynamic protection and balance of interest in the adjudication,a self-government based on the opinions of the litigants,as well as paying equal attention to the efficiency and security of commercial transaction.When comes to design the procedure of commercial adjudication,the following points should be taken into consideration,i.e.,an independent group of judges,with limited discretion,should be established in consideration of the particularity of commercial adjudication;the court may play an active role in the judicature

  6. From Disparity to Harmonisation of Construction Industry Payment Legislation in Australia: A Proposal for a Dual Process of Adjudication based upon Size of Progress Payment Claim

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeremy Coggins

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Since the introduction of the Building and Construction Industry Security of Payment Act into New South Wales in 1999, construction industry payment legislation has progressively been enacted on a jurisdiction-by-jurisdiction basis throughout Australia. Of the eight Australian Acts, two distinct legislative models can be discerned – what have been termed the ‘East Coast’ and ‘West Coast’ models. This article compares the two models with respect to their payment systems and adjudication schemes, procedural justice afforded, incursion upon freedom of contract, uptake rates and efficiency. From this comparison, the strengths and weaknesses of the two models are identified. Finally, a dual process of adjudication based on progress payment claim size is proposed for a harmonised model, developed from previous proposals put forward by other authors, which aims to combine the strengths of the two existing models.

  7. Teaching adolescents and adults about adjudicative proceedings: a comparison of pre- and post-teaching scores on the MacCAT-CA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Viljoen, Jodi L; Odgers, Candice; Grisso, Thomas; Tillbrook, Chad

    2007-10-01

    The current study investigated whether teaching was associated with improved legal understanding among adolescents and adults. Participants included 927 youth and 466 young adults, who completed the MacArthur Competence Assessment Tool-Criminal Adjudication, the Massachusetts Youth Screening Instrument-Second Version, and the Wechsler Abbreviated Scale of Intelligence. Adolescents aged 13 and younger were less likely than older individuals to improve with teaching. IQ score was positively associated with improvements following teaching, and individuals from ethnic minority groups showed greater improvements following teaching than non-Hispanic Caucasians. The implications of these findings are discussed.

  8. 论法官的依法裁判——兼论法教义学方法对法官裁判的意义%On Judge's Adjudication under Law: Also on the Significance of Judge's Adjudication for Dogmatics of Law

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王春业; 张忱子

    2012-01-01

    在司法实践中,法官裁判工作屡屡遭遇社会舆论、民意导向和政策要求的严重干扰,影响了司法公正。法教义学强调法律文本的权威,强调对现有法律的执行,是法官裁判过程中摆脱困境的一条根本出路。法教义学方法并不否定法官自由裁量权,而是对其进行合理的控制与规范。为达到以法教义学方法进行依法裁判的目的,必须在法官思维的养成、促使法官严格依法解释上下功夫,同时为法官创造良好的适用法教义学方法裁判的外部环境。%In judicial practice, the judge's adjudication was seriously interfered by public opinion, public opinion orientation and policy requirements repeatedly and the judicial fairness was affected. The dogmatics of law emphases on the authority of the legal text and the emphasizing on the enforcement of existing laws was a fundamental way out of the predicament in the process of adjudication. The dogmat- ics of law does not negate the discretion of the judge while it was controlled and regulated reasonably. In order to achieve the purpose of carrying out the adjudication under law with the dogmatics of law, it must try to cultivate the judge's thinking, promote the judges to explain with law strictly and create an external environment for the judges to adjudicate with the dogmatics of law.

  9. Analysis of 44 Cases before the Landlord and Tenant Board Involving Bed Bug Infestations in Ontario, Canada: Focus on Adjudicator Decisions Based on Entomological/Pest Management Evidence and Accountability under the Residential Tenancy Act and Other Applicable Legislation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryks, Sam

    2011-01-01

    The resurgence of bed bugs in major urban centres in North America has resulted in conflict between landlords and tenants. This is commonly focused on attribution of blame for source of infestation, on responsibility, on costs for preparation, treatment and losses, and for compensation as rent abatement and/or alternative temporary housing. In Ontario, Canada, these issues are often decided by adjudicators at the Landlord and Tenant Board hearing claims, counter-claims and defense by legal representation (lawyers and paralegals) as well as through mediation. Evidence in these hearings may include photographs, invoices for costs as well as testimony by tenants, landlords and “expert witnesses” who are most often pest control firms representing their landlord clients. A total of 44 Landlord and Tenant Board adjudicated cases available online were analyzed. The analysis included elements of the decisions such as adjudicator, claimant (landlord or tenant), basis of claim, review of evidence, amount of claim, amount awarded, and evaluation of the quality of the evidence. The results of the analysis of these findings are discussed. Recommendations for improvement of adjudicator decisions on the basis of knowledge of bed bug biology and Integrated Pest Management best practices are presented as well as the importance of education of tenants and landlords to a process of mutual trust, support and accountability. PMID:26467732

  10. Analysis of 44 Cases before the Landlord and Tenant Board Involving Bed Bug Infestations in Ontario, Canada: Focus on Adjudicator Decisions Based on Entomological/Pest Management Evidence and Accountability under the Residential Tenancy Act and Other Applicable Legislation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bryks, Sam

    2011-07-19

    The resurgence of bed bugs in major urban centres in North America has resulted in conflict between landlords and tenants. This is commonly focused on attribution of blame for source of infestation, on responsibility, on costs for preparation, treatment and losses, and for compensation as rent abatement and/or alternative temporary housing. In Ontario, Canada, these issues are often decided by adjudicators at the Landlord and Tenant Board hearing claims, counter-claims and defense by legal representation (lawyers and paralegals) as well as through mediation. Evidence in these hearings may include photographs, invoices for costs as well as testimony by tenants, landlords and "expert witnesses" who are most often pest control firms representing their landlord clients. A total of 44 Landlord and Tenant Board adjudicated cases available online were analyzed. The analysis included elements of the decisions such as adjudicator, claimant (landlord or tenant), basis of claim, review of evidence, amount of claim, amount awarded, and evaluation of the quality of the evidence. The results of the analysis of these findings are discussed. Recommendations for improvement of adjudicator decisions on the basis of knowledge of bed bug biology and Integrated Pest Management best practices are presented as well as the importance of education of tenants and landlords to a process of mutual trust, support and accountability.

  11. Procurement Adjudication and the Rights of Children: Freedom Stationery (Pty Ltd v MEC for Education, Eastern Cape 2011 JOL 26927 (E

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M Couzens

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Children are heavily reliant on the services provided by the government and irregularities in public procurement processes are bound to affect the realisation of children's rights. In the Freedom Stationery (Pty Ltd v The Member of the Executive Council for Education, Eastern Cape the Court was urged by the Centre for Child Law acting as an amicus curiae to consider children's right to education and their best interests when deciding on an interim interdict which would result in a delay in the provision of stationery to several schools in the Eastern Cape. This case note contains a summary of the case, some comments on the court's approach to the rights of children in procurement adjudication, and an assessment of the significance of the case for the development of children's rights in South Africa.

  12. Comparison of Expert Adjudicated Coronary Heart Disease and Cardiovascular Disease Mortality With the National Death Index: Results From the REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke (REGARDS) Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olubowale, Olusola Tope; Safford, Monika M; Brown, Todd M; Durant, Raegan W; Howard, Virginia J; Gamboa, Christopher; Glasser, Stephen P; Rhodes, J David; Levitan, Emily B

    2017-05-03

    The National Death Index (NDI) is widely used to detect coronary heart disease (CHD) and cardiovascular disease (CVD) deaths, but its reliability has not been examined recently. We compared CHD and CVD deaths detected by NDI with expert adjudication of 4010 deaths that occurred between 2003 and 2013 among participants in the REGARDS (REasons for Geographic And Racial Differences in Stroke) cohort of black and white adults in the United States. NDI derived CHD mortality had sensitivity 53.6%, specificity 90.3%, positive predictive value 54.2%, and negative predictive value 90.1%. NDI-derived CVD mortality had sensitivity 73.4%, specificity 84.5%, positive predictive value 70.6%, and negative predictive value 86.2%. Among NDI-derived CHD and CVD deaths, older age (odds ratios, 1.06 and 1.04 per 1-year increase) was associated with a higher probability of disagreement with the adjudicated cause of death, whereas among REGARDS adjudicated CHD and CVD deaths a history of CHD or CVD was associated with a lower probability of disagreement with the NDI-derived causes of death (odds ratios, 0.59 and 0.67, respectively). The modest accuracy and differential performance of NDI-derived cause of death may impact CHD and CVD mortality statistics. © 2017 The Authors. Published on behalf of the American Heart Association, Inc., by Wiley.

  13. Reflection of Adjudication Thinking About Invalid Partnership Agreement%关于合伙协议无效裁判思维的反思

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏旭阳

    2012-01-01

    The adjudication rule about giving property back when being invalid agreement that is enacted in Article 58 of Contract Law of P. R.C. is applicable to consideration contracts. Partnership agreements belong to contracts whose character is partnero managing the same career, the right and the obligation among partners don' t have corresponding character. So, when being decided contract null and void, the general legal effect of invalid agreement which is retroactivity and giving property back doesn' t certainly apply to the situation whose state is complicated. When solving this dispute, we should consider whether the career has begun, the organizational character of the partnership, and the specialization of the subject giving property back.%《合同法》第58条设计的合同无效返还财产的处理规则,适用于具有对价性的合同;而合伙协议属于具有共同经营同一事业性质的合同,合伙人之间的权利义务并不具有对应性。因此,合伙协议无效时,一般合同无效的溯及效力与财产返还效力并不当然适用于它,其具有复杂的法律状态。应当区分合伙事业是否开展以及强调合伙本身的组织性,返还主体的特殊性来处理此类纠纷。

  14. The Rules of an Occupational Retirement Fund and the Problem of Defaulting Employers: A Reconsideration of Orion Money Purchase Pension Fund (SA v Pension Funds Adjudicator

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thulani Nkosi

    2016-12-01

    Orion Money Purchase Pension Fund (SA v Pension Funds Adjudicator is challenged. The case is authority for the principle that the only available remedy to an employee who has been cheated out of retirement fund benefits owing to the employer's failure to make fund contributions is one that compels the fund to calculate those outstanding contributions and demand that total sum from the employer. For various reasons this does not address the problem of defaulting employers, which can be addressed only by properly enforcing the Pension Funds Act and also consistently subjecting the rules to the Act in cases of disputes.

  15. Adjudicating socio-economic rights

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Christo Heunis

    obligations under the South African Constitution. ... to bring into the analysis of Soobramoney, Grootboom and Treatment Action. Campaign not so much .... individuals, families, private charities and religious organisations are not being effaced ...

  16. Case note: ICTY (T. Ch. III) (Decision on Prosecution’s Motion for Judicial Notice of Adjudicated Facts and Prosecution’s Catalogue of Agreed Facts, Prosecutor v. Dragomir Milošević: case no. IT-98-29/1-T)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vriend, K.

    2013-01-01

    Also comment to: ICTY (T. Ch. III). (2007, April 10), (Dissenting Opinion of Judge Harhoff: case no. IT-98-29/1-T; and to: ICTY (A. Ch.). (2007, June 26), (Decision on Interlocutory Appeals Against Trial Chamber’s Decision on Prosecution’s Motion for Judicial Notice of Adjudicated Facts and

  17. Statistics on the distribution of contracts and purchase orders by country for the LHC Project based on payments and outstanding commitments for the period 1 January 1995 to 31 March 2000 (including adjudications by the Finance Committee up to March 2000).

    CERN Document Server

    2000-01-01

    Statistics on the distribution of contracts and purchase orders by country for the LHC Project based on payments and outstanding commitments for the period 1 January 1995 to 31 March 2000 (including adjudications by the Finance Committee up to March 2000).

  18. Bleeding and infection with external ventricular drainage: a systematic review in comparison with adjudicated adverse events in the ongoing Clot Lysis Evaluating Accelerated Resolution of Intraventricular Hemorrhage Phase III (CLEAR-III IHV) trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dey, Mahua; Stadnik, Agnieszka; Riad, Fady; Zhang, Lingjiao; McBee, Nichol; Kase, Carlos; Carhuapoma, J Ricardo; Ram, Malathi; Lane, Karen; Ostapkovich, Noeleen; Aldrich, Francois; Aldrich, Charlene; Jallo, Jack; Butcher, Ken; Snider, Ryan; Hanley, Daniel; Ziai, Wendy; Awad, Issam A

    2015-03-01

    Retrospective series report varied rates of bleeding and infection with external ventricular drainage (EVD). There have been no prospective studies of these risks with systematic surveillance, threshold definitions, or independent adjudication. To analyze the rate of complications in the ongoing Clot Lysis: Evaluating Accelerated Resolution of Intraventricular Hemorrhage Phase III (CLEAR III) trial, providing a comparison with a systematic review of complications of EVD in the literature. Patients were prospectively enrolled in the CLEAR III trial after placement of an EVD for obstructive intraventricular hemorrhage and randomized to receive recombinant tissue-type plasminogen activator or placebo. We counted any detected new hemorrhage (catheter tract hemorrhage or any other distant hemorrhage) on computed tomography scan within 30 days from the randomization. Meta-analysis of published series of EVD placement was compiled with STATA software. Growing or unstable hemorrhage was reported as a cause of exclusion from the trial in 74 of 5707 cases (1.3%) screened for CLEAR III. The first 250 patients enrolled have completed adjudication of adverse events. Forty-two subjects (16.8%) experienced ≥1 new bleeds or expansions, and 6 of 250 subjects (2.4%) suffered symptomatic hemorrhages. Eleven cases (4.4%) had culture-proven bacterial meningitis or ventriculitis. Risks of bleeding and infection in the ongoing CLEAR III trial are comparable to those previously reported in EVD case series. In the present study, rates of new bleeds and bacterial meningitis/ventriculitis are very low despite multiple daily injections, blood in the ventricles, the use of thrombolysis in half the cases, and generalization to >60 trial sites.

  19. Legislation and Practice of Office of Independent Adjudicator for Higher Education in UK%英国高等教育独立审查员制度的立法与实施

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王巍; 曾贞

    2012-01-01

    目前,学生与大学机构之间的纠纷引起了各国的广泛关注,英国独创了高等教育独立审查员制度,首次将学生投诉处理纳入全国统一的程序标准,并以法定形式任命专门的、独立的机构代为执行,采用低成本的方式,达到快速、公正解决大学纠纷问题,既保障了学生权利,同时避免了高等教育领域较多法律途径解决纠纷。%The conflicts between students and Higher Education Institutions (HIEs) are arousing attention world-wide in present days. Office of Independent Adjudicator for Higher Education (OIAHE) initiated by Britain is the first centralized mechanism, with a legitimately designated institution to deal with students' com- plaints through a standardized nation-wide procedure. It aims to impartially and fast resolve students' complaints with low cost. The initiative protects students' rights and highly avoids student-related disputes within higher edu- cation involving in litigations.

  20. On the Adjudication and Selection of Hospital Organizational Culture on Organizational Citizenship Behavior%论医院组织文化对组织公民行为的裁择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉龙; 陈晓阳

    2011-01-01

    Hospital Organizational Culture has an important influence on organizational citizenship behavior. We can adjudicate and select out basic dimensions about medical staff organizational of citizenship behavior from four directions such as support, innovation, goal and rule. Clear OCB can guide medical staff to rational cognition to the physician's position and professional spirit, promote remodeling of the image and professionalism of physicians and the way and direction to affect the remodeling.%医院组织文化对医务人员组织公民行为具有重要的影响,在支持、创新、目标、规则四个导向上权衡和选择出了医务人员组织公民行为的基本维度.明晰的OCB可以引导医务人员对医师的地位作用和职业精神的理性认知,促进医师形象和职业精神的重塑,以及影响医师形象和职业精神重塑的出路和方向.

  1. Limitation of Socio-Economic Rights in the 2010 Kenyan Constitution: A Proposal for the Adoption of a Proportionality Approach in the Judicial Adjudication of Socio-Economic Rights Disputes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicholas Wasonga Orago

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available On 27 August 2010 Kenya adopted a transformative Constitution with the objective of fighting poverty and inequality as well as improving the standards of living of all people in Kenya. One of the mechanisms in the 2010 Constitution aimed at achieving this egalitarian transformation is the entrenchment of justiciable socio-economic rights (SERs, an integral part of the Bill of Rights. The entrenched SERs require the State to put in place a legislative, policy and programmatic framework to enhance the realisation of its constitutional obligations to respect, protect and fulfill these rights for all Kenyans. These SER obligations, just like any other fundamental human rights obligations, are, however, not absolute and are subject to legitimate limitation by the State. Two approaches have been used in international and comparative national law jurisprudence to limit SERs: the proportionality approach, using a general limitation clause that has found application in international and regional jurisprudence on the one hand; and the reasonableness approach, using internal limitations contained in the standard of progressive realisation, an approach that has found application in the SER jurisprudence of the South African Courts, on the other hand. This article proposes that if the entrenched SERs are to achieve their transformative objectives, Kenyan courts must adopt a proportionality approach in the judicial adjudication of SER disputes. This proposal is based on the reasoning that for the entrenched SERs to have a substantive positive impact on the lives of the Kenyan people, any measure by the government aimed at their limitation must be subjected to strict scrutiny by the courts, a form of scrutiny that can be achieved only by using the proportionality standard entrenched in the article 24 general limitation clause.

  2. A New Research on the Judicial Relief System of Administrative Adjudication ——Consideration of Civil Incidental Administrative Litigation%行政裁决诉讼救济制度新探——关于构建民事附带行政诉讼的思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹少成; 孙峰

    2012-01-01

    Administrative adjudication,as an important mean in the chain of relief,needs relief for itself as well,especially the security of judicial relief.The judicial relief of administrative adjudication has experienced civil procedure,judicial review and civil incidental administrative litigation in our country,but there are still insuperable barriers on different paths.Learning from Japan's litigant to take a legal action,also exists obstacle in theory and conception.Therefore,in order to develop administrative adjudication,it is necessary to establish a new type of judicial relief path,namely,civil incidental administrative litigation.%行政裁决作为救济链条上的一个环节,本身也需要救济,特别是诉讼救济的保障。我国关于行政裁决诉讼救济经历了民事诉讼、行政诉讼、行政附带民事诉讼三条不同的诉讼路径,但不同路径仍然存在难以逾越的障碍。借鉴日本当事人诉讼的思路,也存在理论上和观念上的障碍。因而,从有利于行政裁决制度发展的角度出发,有必要建立一种新型的诉讼救济路径,即民事附带行政诉讼。

  3. Immigration Adjudication Reform: The Case for Automation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-01

    administrative relief program “Deferred Action for Childhood Arrivals” ( DACA ), to launching the first phase of USCIS ELIS, as well as several...benefits authorized by immigration reform legislation or administrative relief programs introduced by the White House. Current agency receipts of... programs introduced by the White House. Current agency receipts of applications for immigration benefits range between 6 and 7 million per year

  4. 32 CFR 147.2 - Adjudicative process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...: Financial considerations. (7) Guideline G: Alcohol consumption. (8) Guideline H: Drug involvement. (9) Guideline I: Emotional, mental, and personality disorders. (10) Guideline J: Criminal conduct....

  5. adjudication and arbitrability of government construction disputes

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    eliasn

    the government construction contracts law, as part of the administrative con- tracts law ... the principle of confidentiality in international commercial arbitration cou- pled with ...... to as governing their arbitration (lex electionis) other than the lex.

  6. Cases of Trademark Examination Review and Adjudication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cao Xinwei

    2005-01-01

    @@ Case of Reexamination of Rejection of Trademark "GE" On 20 December 2001, the US General Electric Company (GE) filed with the Trademark Office an application for regG Eistration of the trademark "GE"(see Fig.l) on goods in class 8 of the International Classification: hand tools, table cutlery (knives, forks and spoons), side arms other than firearms, fish forks. Upon examination, the Trademark Office, pursuant to Article 11, paragraph one (3) and Article 28 of the Trademark Law of the People's Republic of China, rejected, on 9 October 2002, the application for registration of said mark, and made no publication thereof on the grounds that "the trademark applied for registration was the combination of two letters of ordinary typeface, which was not distinctive, so should not be registered as a trademark".

  7. 32 CFR 154.41 - Central adjudication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... function of such facility shall be limited to evaluating personnel security investigations and making... determinations related to the following categories of investigations: (1) BI/SBI/PR/ENAC/SII: (i) Favorable...

  8. 32 CFR 732.20 - Adjudication authorities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... States of Alaska, Colorado, Idaho, Kansas, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, Oregon, South Dakota, Utah.... Controlling activities for medical care in the United States are designated as “offices of medical affairs... directives. (b) Within the United States (less Hawaii). For the 48 contiguous United States, the District of...

  9. Disability Case Adjudication and Review System

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — DICARS is the legacy system supporting business processes in the Disability Quality Branches (DQBs). It supports quality reviews of DDS disability determinations....

  10. 我国刑事医疗过失犯罪判决的实证研究%An empirical study on criminal medical negligence crime adjudications in china

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谈在祥

    2014-01-01

    Medical malpractice is a typical vocational negligence crime. The 1997 Chinese Criminal Law newly added medical malpractice crime in order to better regulate serious medical negligence. In this paper, a research has been done for the period during the year of 1997 when such crime charge had been initially erected and September 30, 2013, and we select a total of 40 medical malpractice court verdicts as well as related media reports as study samples, which relfects an annual average of 2.5 medical malpractice verdicts, with an average sentence of 1.6 years, 45%probation rate, 5%innocence rate, and resulting in the death of 95%patients. Within scope of the 40 samples, prosecution of cases account for 97.5%, civil suits collateral to criminal proceedings account for 77.5%, with an average damage compensation of 101,308.33 RMB, showing a low lawsuit rate and light sentencing. Such data also relfects featured points such as subjects more often than not were local medical staff, judges in these cases overweighed on forensic appraisal opinions, and civil compensations often replaced criminal obligations. It also exposes numerous difficulties on legislative and judicial levels. Relying upon empirical conclusive analysis, this paper explores the ways to improve criminal medical negligence adjudications on legislative and judicial levels in China.%医疗事故罪是典型的业务过失犯罪,1997年《刑法》增设医疗事故罪以期更好的规制重大医疗过失行为。本文检索该罪名设立以来至2013年9月30日,17年间我国医疗事故罪的判决文书和媒体案例40例为样本,年均医疗事故罪判决2.5起,平均量刑为1.60年,缓刑率45%,无罪率为5%,造成患者死亡的占95%。样本范围内,公诉案件占97.5%,刑事附带民事案件占77.5%,平均赔偿金额为101308.33元,呈现出判例数量极少且量刑异常轻微、主体多为基层医务人员、法官过度依赖鉴定意见、民事赔偿取代

  11. 中国行政审判法官的知与行﹡--《行政诉讼法》实施状况调查报告·法官卷%Knowing and Doing of China’s Administrative Adjudication Judge--Investigation Report on Administrative Litigation Law Implementation·Judge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林莉红; 宋国涛

    2013-01-01

      调查表明,行政审判的环境总体上有所改善,但《行政诉讼法》功能发挥有限;实施状况不容乐观;我国行政审判面临体制和制度的多重制约和困难;法官知行不一现象明显;多数法官主张修改《行政诉讼法》,但对如何修改存在分歧。建议采取多种措施,保证人民法院真正有效地行使对行政案件的审判权;认真研讨并及时修改《行政诉讼法》;进一步提升法官的法律素养和能力。%The investigation shows that the administrative adjudication environment has been improved as a whole, but there are still some problems left, such as the limited function performance of the Administrative Litigation Law, the unoptimistic implementation of the Administrative Litigation Law, multiple institutional and systematic constraints and difficulties faced by China’s administrative adjudication, judges’ obvious inconsistency between knowing and doing, and the fact that although most judges are in favor of amending the Administrative Litigation Law, there exist disagreements on how to amend it. Various measures are suggested to be taken to ensure people's courts’ really effective exercise of judicial power to administrative cases. It is also suggested that the Administrative Litigation Law be discussed seriously and amended timely, and that judges’ legal literacy and capacity be further improved.

  12. 清末民初的典习惯与司法裁判——以奉天省为中心的考察%The Custom of Dian and Its Adjudication in Late Qing and Early Republic——Study on Fengtian Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张勤

    2012-01-01

    习惯在司法近代化以前不具有作为裁判依据的法源性特征,在司法近代化过程中,习惯被作为本土资源被"发现"和利用,这与固有民法中制定法的缺乏和不足以及近代西方法政思潮中习惯和习惯法观念在近代中国的传播等因素密切相关。与此同时,民初大理院对某些习惯的限制和导正政策,导致习惯在司法领域不仅被"发现"和利用,而且被进一步"现代化",这对地方司法实践产生了一定的影响。%In ancient China prior to judicial modernization,customs had no "force of law" and could not be basis for adjudication.During the period of judicial modernization,customs had gradually been "found" and utilized as local judicial sources,due to the lack of statutory law in conventional civil laws as well as the spread of concepts of customs and custom laws in modern Western jurisprudence.Meanwhile,in the early Republican period,the Supreme Court formulated some basic doctrines of customs to guide judicial practice.Consequently,besides being "found" and utilized,customs had been gradually modernized,which had an important effect on local judicial practice.

  13. 试论旅游业经营如何规避法律风险——全面解读最高法院关于旅游纠纷的最新司法解释%On how to evade the legal risks in the tourism operations --Comprehensive reading of some regulations of issues concerning the adjudication of tourism disputes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢山

    2011-01-01

    Some regulations of issues concerning the adjudication of tourism disputes by the Supreme People' s Court come into force on Nov. 1, 2010. This judicial interpretation comprehensively distinguishes their own legal responsibilities from the tour operators, tourism auxiliary service provider and tourists, for the breach of travel contracts or tort. It embodies the focus of protecting tourists rights, reiterates relevant regulations of the Consumer Protection Law; meanwhile, it decreases obligations and responsibilities of the tour operators , protects the legitimate rights and interests of the tourism industry; in addition, it clears the relevant responsible problems in the tourism operation activities. In order to effectively evade legal risks, it has great realistic meaning for the tourism management to fully comprehend and employ this explanation.%最高人民法院《关于审理旅游纠纷案件适用法律若干问题的规定》于2010年11月1日起开始施行。该解释全方位界定了旅游经营者、旅游辅助服务者与旅游者之间,因旅游合同的违约或者侵权行为引起的索赔诉讼中各方当事人的法律责任。它充分体现了着重保护旅游者权益的倾向和特点,重申了《消费者权益保护法》的相关规定;同时也平衡限定了旅游业者一方的义务和责任,保护了旅游业者的正当权益;明确了旅游经营活动中有关责任问题。全面正确理解和适用该解释,可以有效规避旅游业经营法律风险。

  14. The Elusive Search for Accountability: Evaluating Adjudicative Tribunals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorne Sossin

    2010-10-01

    Quoique les gouvernements demandent de plus en plus à de tels tribunaux de rendre compte, trop souvent, ceci se réduit à la publication de statistiques sur le nombre de cas traités, leurs dispositions, les budgets et le personnel. Une question différente et plus fondamentale nous intéresse – ces tribunaux réussissent-ils? Comment savons-nous, par exemple, si les recours ordonnés par un tribunal font en fait avancer les objectifs pour lesquels il a été créé? Le succès d’un tribunal qui tranche des litiges peut-il faire l’objet de validation empirique signifiante? Quoique les questions d’évaluation et du devoir de rendre compte traversent des frontières entre nations et champs de compétence, les auteurs soutiennent que ce genre de question ne peut être traité qu’empiriquement, en examinant en fait les pratiques d’un conseil ou de conseils particuliers, dans le contexte d’une loi ou de lois particulières et dans des sphères de compétence particulières à des moments particuliers. De tels comptes rendus peuvent et devraient constituer la base d’étude comparative. Seule l’étude comparative peut faire ressortir la valeur et les limites d’une méthodologie particulière. L’étude de cas choisie pour la présente étude est le rôle de tribunaux qui tranchent des litiges dans le système de santé. Les auteurs puisent surtout dans l’expérience de tribunaux canadiens, quoique des exemples tirés d’autres territoires de compétence soient utilisés pour démontrer le potentiel de l’évaluation empirique. Les auteurs discutent de la pénurie relative d’étude empirique dans le domaine du droit administratif et soutiennent que là devrait être le point central de la discussion du devoir de rendre compte dans le domaine de la justice administrative.

  15. Current Suicide Proneness and Past Suicidal Behavior in Adjudicated Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langhinrichsen-Rohling, Jennifer; Lamis, Dorian A.

    2008-01-01

    Youth recently assigned to probation (n = 233) were assessed for current suicide proneness, depression, and hopelessness, as well as for recent suicide ideation, previous suicide ideation, or suicide attempt(s). The Life Attitudes Schedule-Short Form (LAS-SF) was used to assess suicide proneness. As per the LAS-SF, suicide proneness was defined…

  16. Adventure Therapy and Adjudicated Youth. AEE White Papers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Association for Experiential Education (NJ1), 2011

    2011-01-01

    The most recent figures place the number of juvenile arrests in the United States at 2.11 million. (OJJDP, 2009). In some states, children as young as 10 years old are incarcerated for violent offenses. Crowded juvenile facilities are often unable to meet the needs of these large numbers of youth. The cost to treat offenders within long-term…

  17. Guerrilla Video: Adjudicating the Credible and the Cool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Patricia; Fadde, Peter Jae

    2010-01-01

    Because video on the web has spread almost virally, video crafted out of an amateur aesthetic has contributed to a disruption of professional communication economies as it prompts us to ask: Can we use digital video to make work-related communication cool? Professional writing pedagogies are beginning to respond to new student expectations about…

  18. 78 FR 29618 - Rules of Adjudication and Enforcement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-21

    ... of Cisco Systems, Inc., Dell Inc., Ford Motor Company, Hewlett-Packard Company, Intel Corporation... positive comments were received or no comment was received. The Commission found no reason to change those proposed rules on its own (except for certain technical, non-substantive changes) before adopting them as...

  19. 77 FR 60952 - Rules of General Application, Adjudication, and Enforcement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-05

    ... regulatory program more effective or less burdensome in achieving regulatory objectives. During the two years... provides little guidance on when it would be appropriate for an administrative law judge to limit discovery... (f) and (g). Some of the proposed amendments use the word ``person.'' The Commission intends the...

  20. The Legal Adjudication in the Hearing Process: A Methodological Proposal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fredy Hernando Toscano López

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The handling of cases by audience imposes an obligation to the judge to utter their awards during it. That is why is important to look for a methodological route that helps him in this task. These lines pretend to make a proposal based on the practical challenges of judges in audiences, so that the requirements of the judicial awards will be satisfied, especially their motivation.

  1. Adjudicating non-knowledge in the Omnibus Autism Proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Decoteau, Claire Laurier; Underman, Kelly

    2015-08-01

    After 5600 families of children diagnosed with autism filed claims with the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program in the United States, the court selected 'test' cases consolidated into the Omnibus Autism Proceedings, held from 2007 to 2008, to examine claims that vaccines caused the development of autism. The court found all of the causation theories presented to be untenable and did not award damages to any parents. We analyze the Omnibus Autism Proceedings as a struggle within the scientific field between the scientific orthodoxy of the respondents and the heterodox position taken by the plaintiffs, suggesting that the ruling in these cases helped to shore up hegemony on autism causation. Drawing on the literature on non-knowledge, we suggest that only the respondents had enough scientific capital to strategically direct non-knowledge toward genetic research, thereby foreclosing the possibility of environmental causation of autism. The plaintiffs, who promote a non-standard ontology of autism, suggest that the science on autism remains undone and should not be circumscribed. In analyzing the Omnibus Autism Proceedings with field theory, we highlight the way in which scientific consensus-building and the setting of research agendas are the result of struggle, and we show that the strategic deployment of non-knowledge becomes a major stake in battles for scientific legitimacy and the settling of scientific controversies.

  2. 76 FR 18713 - Committees on Rulemaking, Regulation, and Adjudication

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-05

    ... Assembly of the Administrative Conference of the United States (ACUS). Each committee will meet to discuss... ``Research'' section of the ACUS Web site, at http://www.acus.gov . Comments may be submitted by e-mail to Comments@acus.gov , with the name of the relevant committee in the subject line, or by postal mail...

  3. Author: G Quinot THE ROLE OF QUALITY IN THE ADJUDICATION ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    10332324

    the Law@Work course on public procurement regulation at the University of ... relates to different interpretations of the constitutional requirements for public ..... accordingly the legality principle as well as the administrative-law rule against.

  4. Academic Dishonesty: Behaviors, Sanctions, and Retention of Adjudicated College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olafson, Lori; Schraw, Gregory; Kehrwald, Nicholas

    2014-01-01

    Academic dishonesty, also known as academic misconduct, includes a variety of actions such as plagiarism, cheating on tests using text messaging or concealed notes, exchanging work with other students, buying essays from students or on the Internet, and having other students write examinations (Diekhoff, LaBeff, Shinohara, & Yasukawa, 1999;…

  5. 77 FR 41120 - Rules of General Application, Adjudication, and Enforcement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-12

    ... covered by a valid and enforceable patent, copyright, trademark, mask work, or boat hull design related to... copyright, trademark, mask work, or vessel hull design, under section 337(a)(1)(B), (C), (D), or (E) of the...

  6. 76 FR 64803 - Rules of Adjudication and Enforcement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-19

    .... Overview of the Amendments to the Regulations The final regulations contain eleven (11) changes from those... Register notice soliciting comments. The ITCTLA suggests extending this time period to seven business days... additional period of seven (7) business days be allowed for responses to these early comments. Commission...

  7. Academic Dishonesty: Behaviors, Sanctions, and Retention of Adjudicated College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olafson, Lori; Schraw, Gregory; Kehrwald, Nicholas

    2014-01-01

    Academic dishonesty, also known as academic misconduct, includes a variety of actions such as plagiarism, cheating on tests using text messaging or concealed notes, exchanging work with other students, buying essays from students or on the Internet, and having other students write examinations (Diekhoff, LaBeff, Shinohara, & Yasukawa, 1999;…

  8. Cases of Trademark Examination and Review/Adjudication

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Cao Xinwei

    2004-01-01

    @@ Trademark "CAREFUL" The Ruian City Kangfuya Health Products Co., Ltd. in Zhejiang Province filed, on 25 September 1996, an application for registration of the trademark "CAREFUL" (see Fig. 1) on goods in class 5 of the International Classification, "toilet napkins, disposable underpants and diapers for incontinence of urine".

  9. 77 FR 39057 - Rules of Practice for Adjudication Proceedings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-29

    ... of the Interim Final Rule without change in the Final Rule. Section 1081.102 Rules of Construction... held, belief. If a hearing officer does not withdraw in response to a motion for withdrawal, the...

  10. Adjudication of the Alleged Role of Vitamin D in the Antimicrobial Pathway

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerald M. Higa

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Dynamic interactions between microorganism and host have evolved in such a way that while microbial pathogens are the cause of many human infections, a symbiotic relationship is also known to exist. Another important anomaly is that exposure to pathogenic organisms does not necessarily result in development of clinical disease. The latter conclusion infers that susceptibility to infectious disease can be modified by host-related factors. Arguably the two most prominent factors are genetic variability and immunologic status of the exposed individual. Because of the Human Genome and the HapMap projects, developments in genotyping technology have brought the possibility of identifying associations between specific genetic alterations and common diseases closer to reality. In addition, a growing body of evidence suggests vitamin D has an important contributory role in the antimicrobial pathway.

  11. Financial Criteria Used in Case Adjudication by the Directorate for Industrial Security Clearance Review (DISCR)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-12-01

    for dny errors or amendments thereto. Most SOR adjustments were minor.’ The date of $OR issuance was used to calculate periods of time, such as how...no 2 - yes 3 - not applicable 4- unknown CREQ Clearance requested line 2 60 1 - confidential 2 - secret 3 - top secret 4 - unspecified 5 - additional...PARTAI Z’IER DDETR DETA2 PARTA2 11ii / i7777 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 54 56 58 60 DDETA2 ’ DETFIN CHELD CSUS CREQ Part III I--1 I Li I I II1 Li. 62 64

  12. First experiences with High Resolution Imagery Based Adjudication Approach for Social Tenure Domain Model in Ethiopia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lemmen, C.; Zevenbergen, J.A.; Lengoiboni, M.; Deininger, K.; Burns, T.

    2009-01-01

    Since the start of the 21st century, great progress has been made with rural land certification in Ethiopia. This process, however, has been mainly confined to the so called first phase certificates. These certificates do identify the land holding households (with name etc. and photographs), but

  13. Comparison of central adjudication of outcomes and onsite outcome assessment on treatment effect estimates

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ndounga Diakou, Lee A ymar; Trinquart, Ludovic; Hróbjartsson, Asbjørn;

    2016-01-01

    INFO, CINAHL and Google Scholar (25 August 2015 as the last updated search date), using a combination of terms to retrieve RCTs with commonly used terms to describe ACs. SELECTION CRITERIA: We included all reports of RCTs and the published RCTs included in reviews and meta-analyses that reported the same...

  14. JUDICIAL ADJUDICATION IN HOUSING RIGHTS IN BRAZIL AND COLOMBIA: A COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE

    OpenAIRE

    Valle, Vanice Regina Lírio do

    2014-01-01

    Cooperative constitutionalism is the watchword in the 21st. century, and the creation of a judicial network is an important tool to improve human rights protection. This paper intends to contribute in that field, reporting the constitutional framework and the main decisions held by the Brazilian and the Colombian Constitutional Courts in protecting housing rights. The comparison is justified by the historical proximity in the juridical transition in both countries – 1988 in Brazil and 1991 in...

  15. The Utility of Legal Theory for the Adjudication of the Law

    OpenAIRE

    Hoecke, Mark van

    1985-01-01

    In this exposition is given a survey of points in which legal theory can be of direct utility for the judge who is in the excercise of his office. The conclusions will apply to any judge : civil, criminal, military and administrative.

  16. 78 FR 23474 - Rules of General Application and Adjudication and Enforcement

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-19

    ... definition for express delivery. Further, the Commission has eliminated unnecessary language from the... international. In this connection, the Commission substitutes a definition of ``express delivery'' for... patents, the quantity of prior art that needs to be authenticated, and whether the Commission...

  17. Agreement between public register and adjudication committee outcome in a cardiovascular randomized clinical trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjøller, Erik; Hilden, Jørgen; Winkel, Per;

    2014-01-01

    UNLABELLED: The objective of this study is to describe the agreement between randomized trial outcome assessment by committee and outcomes entirely identified through public registers. METHODS: In the CLARICOR trial, 4,372 patients with stable coronary heart disease received a short course...... of Diseases-coded diagnoses of the public registries into the same categories. After cross-tabulation of the committee diagnoses with National Patient Register diagnoses and Register of Causes of Death, we calculate agreement and compare the estimated intervention effects of the 2 data sets. RESULTS...

  18. Principle or pathology? Adjudicating the right to conscience in the Israeli military.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weiss, Erica

    2012-01-01

    The Israeli military's Conscience Committee evaluates and exempts pacifists from obligatory military service, based explicitly on concern for liberal tolerance. However, I found that liberal pacifist applicants’ principled objections to violence challenged the state, and as such, applicants who articulated their refusal in such terms are rejected by the military review board. By contrast, pacifist conscientious objection based in embodied visceral revulsion to violence did not challenge the state and moral order, and such cases were granted exemption. Objections based in understanding pacifism as a physical incapacity depoliticizes it by making it incommensurable with public moral debate concerning military service. The pathologization of pacifism demonstrates a contradiction between liberalism's ideology and its practices, revealing that the limits of liberalism are not only exterior, in nonliberal alterity, but also on liberalism's own interior frontiers.

  19. 76 FR 12315 - Committees on Collaborative Governance, Regulation, Rulemaking, Judicial Review, and Adjudication

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-07

    ... (ACUS). Each committee will consider a research report and will prepare recommendations on the subject... found in the ``Research'' section of the ACUS Web site, http://www.acus.gov . Comments may be submitted by e-mail to Comments@acus.gov , with the name of the relevant committee in the subject line, or...

  20. Adjudicating rights or analyzing interests: ethicists' role in the debate over conscience in clinical practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antommaria, Armand H Matheny

    2008-01-01

    The analysis of a dispute can focus on either interests, rights, or power. Commentators often frame the conflict over conscience in clinical practice as a dispute between a patient's right to legally available medical treatment and a clinician's right to refuse to provide interventions the clinician finds morally objectionable. Multiple sources of unresolvable moral disagreement make resolution in these terms unlikely. One should instead focus on the parties' interests and the different ways in which the health care delivery system can accommodate them. In the specific case of pharmacists refusing to dispense emergency contraception, alternative systems such as advanced prescription, pharmacist provision, and over-the-counter sales may better reconcile the client's interest in preventing unintended pregnancy and the pharmacist's interest in not contravening his or her conscience. Within such an analysis, the ethicist's role becomes identifying and clarifying the parties' morally relevant interests.

  1. Cases of Review and Adjudication and Lawsuit Involving Trademark Composed of Combination of Colours

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Case 1 The English applicant, the Standard Chartered PLC, filed, on 18 April 2002, an application with the Trademark Office for registration of a device trademark (See Fig. 1 below; hereinafter referred to as the trademark in point) in goods of class 16 of the International Classification, such as "paper, card board, book, magazine, and stationery". The applicant stated in the application that the trademark in point was one composed of combination of colours. Upon examination, the Trademark Office issued...

  2. Adjudication and Justification: To What Extent Should the Exluded Be Included in the Judge's Decision

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klink, van B.M.J.

    2016-01-01

    As follows from the Rule of Law, the judge has to justify herdecision. In contemporary legal and social theory, it is arguedthat she should somehow give recognition to arguments andviewpoints that have been excluded from the final decision. Inmy paper, I will address the question why, to what extent

  3. Impact of Behavioral Genetic Evidence on the Adjudication of Criminal Behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Appelbaum, Paul S.; Scurich, Nicholas

    2014-01-01

    Recent advances in behavioral genetics suggest a modest relationship among certain gene variants, early childhood experiences, and criminal behavior. Although scientific research examining this link is still at an early stage, genetic data are already being introduced in criminal trials. However, the extent to which such evidence is likely to affect jurors’ decisions has not previously been explored. In the present study, a representative sample of the U.S. population (n=250) received a vigne...

  4. Adjudicating between face-coding models with individual-face fMRI responses.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johan D Carlin

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The perceptual representation of individual faces is often explained with reference to a norm-based face space. In such spaces, individuals are encoded as vectors where identity is primarily conveyed by direction and distinctiveness by eccentricity. Here we measured human fMRI responses and psychophysical similarity judgments of individual face exemplars, which were generated as realistic 3D animations using a computer-graphics model. We developed and evaluated multiple neurobiologically plausible computational models, each of which predicts a representational distance matrix and a regional-mean activation profile for 24 face stimuli. In the fusiform face area, a face-space coding model with sigmoidal ramp tuning provided a better account of the data than one based on exemplar tuning. However, an image-processing model with weighted banks of Gabor filters performed similarly. Accounting for the data required the inclusion of a measurement-level population averaging mechanism that approximates how fMRI voxels locally average distinct neuronal tunings. Our study demonstrates the importance of comparing multiple models and of modeling the measurement process in computational neuroimaging.

  5. Algorithms for the Capture and Adjudication of Prevalent and Incident Diabetes in UK Biobank

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eastwood, Sophie V; Mathur, Rohini; Atkinson, Mark; Brophy, Sinead; Sudlow, Cathie; Flaig, Robin; de Lusignan, Simon; Allen, Naomi

    2016-01-01

    Objectives UK Biobank is a UK-wide cohort of 502,655 people aged 40–69, recruited from National Health Service registrants between 2006–10, with healthcare data linkage. Type 2 diabetes is a key exposure and outcome. We developed algorithms to define prevalent and incident diabetes for UK Biobank. The algorithms will be implemented by UK Biobank and their results made available to researchers on request. Methods We used UK Biobank self-reported medical history and medication to assign prevalent diabetes and type, and tested this against linked primary and secondary care data in Welsh UK Biobank participants. Additionally, we derived and tested algorithms for incident diabetes using linked primary and secondary care data in the English Clinical Practice Research Datalink, and ran these on secondary care data in UK Biobank. Results and Significance For prevalent diabetes, 0.001% and 0.002% of people classified as “diabetes unlikely” in UK Biobank had evidence of diabetes in their primary or secondary care record respectively. Of those classified as “probable” type 2 diabetes, 75% and 96% had specific type 2 diabetes codes in their primary and secondary care records. For incidence, 95% of people with the type 2 diabetes-specific C10F Read code in primary care had corroborative evidence of diabetes from medications, blood testing or diabetes specific process of care codes. Only 41% of people identified with type 2 diabetes in primary care had secondary care evidence of type 2 diabetes. In contrast, of incident cases using ICD-10 type 2 diabetes specific codes in secondary care, 77% had corroborative evidence of diabetes in primary care. We suggest our definition of prevalent diabetes from UK Biobank baseline data has external validity, and recommend that specific primary care Read codes should be used for incident diabetes to ensure precision. Secondary care data should be used for incident diabetes with caution, as around half of all cases are missed, and a quarter have no corroborative evidence of diabetes in primary care. PMID:27631769

  6. 77 FR 2011 - Reorganization of Regulations on the Adjudication of Department of Homeland Security Practitioner...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-13

    ... is found guilty of or pleaded guilty or nolo contendre to a serious crime; is disbarred or suspended... an annual effect on the economy of $100 million or more; a major increase in costs or prices;...

  7. First experiences with a high-resolution imagery-based adjudication approach in Ethiopia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lemmen, C.H.J.; Zevenbergen, J.A.

    2010-01-01

    Great progress has been made with rural land certification in Ethiopia. This process, however, has been mainly confined to the first phase certificates – those without a georeference. In 2008, a team conducted a simple field test using high resolution imagery. On-site tests were performed to determi

  8. First experiences with High Resolution Imagery Based Adjudication Approach for Social Tenure Domain Model in Ethiopia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lemmen, C.; Zevenbergen, J.A.; Lengoiboni, M.; Deininger, K.; Burns, T.

    2009-01-01

    Since the start of the 21st century, great progress has been made with rural land certification in Ethiopia. This process, however, has been mainly confined to the so called first phase certificates. These certificates do identify the land holding households (with name etc. and photographs), but lim

  9. New Technologies and Emerging Threats: Personnel Security Adjudicative Guidelines in the Age of Social Networking

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-01

    sexual behavior of a criminal nature, whether or not the individual has been prosecuted; 60 (b) a pattern of compulsive , self-destructive, or...transfers that cannot be explained by subject’s known legal sources of income; (i) compulsive or addictive gambling as indicated by an unsuccessful...official records 16(a); 16(c) furthered by internet Download, view, buy , sell, transmit, or store "" child pornography 13(a); 16(a); 16(c) Download, view

  10. 76 FR 52580 - Procedures To Adjudicate Claims for Personal Injury or Property Damage Arising Out of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-23

    ... Operation of the U.S. Postal Service AGENCY: Postal Service. ACTION: Final rule. SUMMARY: This rule amends the Postal Service's regulations concerning tort claims to update the mailing address of the National... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office POSTAL SERVICE 39 CFR Part...

  11. Regional International Courts in Search of Relevance - Adjudicating Politically Sensitive Disputes in Central America and the Caribbean

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Caserta, Salvatore

    2017-01-01

    integration. The article posits that the scholarship on delegation to ICs is only partially able to provide an answer to this question. It, hence, suggests an alternative theoretical framework by relying on transnational field theory and reflexive sociology. The article demonstrates that, despite the rhetoric...... of their founding documents, both the CACJ and the CCJ were only partially established to pursue regional economic integration. Instead, both Courts were fashioned at the crossroad of several – and at times even conflicting – forms of legality, power battles, professional interests, and visions of the world...... that shaped the Central American and Caribbean legal fields over time. Seen through the diachronic lens of the interests, ideologies, professional practices, and visions of the world of the actors inhabiting the Central American and Caribbean legal fields, the involvement of the two Courts in politically...

  12. 32 CFR Appendix H to Part 154 - Adjudicative Guidelines for Determining Eligibility for Access to Classified Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... of any evidence of willingness or intent to pay the debt or establish a realistic plan to pay the... individual has demonstrated ongoing and consistent compliance with the treatment plan; (b) The individual has... restitution, job training or higher education, good employment record, or constructive community involvement...

  13. O direito comparado na jurisdição constitucional The comparative law in the constitutional adjudication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Vitorino Cardoso

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo aborda o crescente uso do direito comparado na racionalidade das decisões dos tribunais constitucionais. Tema extremamente interessante e atual, a aproximação do direito constitucional ao direito comparado é ilustrada a partir de casos julgados em Portugal, Estados Unidos e África do Sul e que receberam atenção especial da doutrina, destacando-se, nomeadamente, os contornos históricos e jurídicos caracterizadores desses ordenamentos jurídicos. O primeiro objetivo perfaz a verificação do alinhamento do Supremo Tribunal Federal à tendência comparativa, o que é feito mediante a análise materialmente direcionada da sua jurisprudência colhida no sítio oficial. A segunda etapa tem como escopo uma explicação possível para o problema intrínseco à interpretação/concretização de regras e princípios constitucionais, lançada na fundamentação de uma decisão com base em elementos apurados em outra ordem jurídica, tarefa essa que é levada a efeito com apoio na caracterização do denominado estado constitucional. Todas as etapas cumprem a função mais geral de indagação acerca do papel que a comparação de direitos tem alcançado no constitucionalismo do presente.This study addresses the growing use of the comparative law perspective in the rationality of decisions at constitutional courts. A much interesting and actual tendency, the correlation between comparative law and constitutional law is revealed by cases decided in Portugal, United States and South Africa, which has gathered great scholarly attention, with special focus in the historical and legal contours of these jurisdictions. The first aim is to examine the alignment of the Brazilian Federal Supreme Court to the comparative trend, which is carried out by jurisprudence analysis of documents available on the official website of the Institution. In addition, it was conceived a possible explanation for the intrinsic problem of the interpretation/concretization of constitutional rules and principles based on data gathered in another legal order, a task supported by the so called constitutional state. This approach has in mind to inquiry the actual role that the comparison of Rights has reached in the present constitutionalism.

  14. Adjudication Grade System and Fairness of Judicature%审级制度与司法公正

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯秋燕

    2003-01-01

    近年来法院判决的公正性不断遭受质疑,进入再审程序的民事、经济案件越来越多,两审终审制名存实亡.为保证司法公正的实现,学术界提出了三审终审制的主张.无论两审终审制,还是三审终审制,解决司法腐败问题才是实现司法公正的途径.

  15. HPAC (Hazard Prediction and Assessment Capability) jSWAT (Joint Seminar Wargaming Adjudication Tool) Integration; A Technical Solution

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-09-01

    2. HPAC ARCHITECTURE.................................................................................................... 2 2.1 SCIPUFF Server...19 B.3. Starting the SCIPUFF server...concepts. 2. HPAC Architecture 2.1 SCIPUFF Server At the heart of HPAC is Second-order Closure Integrated Puff ( SCIPUFF ), a Lagrangian puff

  16. The Impact of Report of Investigation Writing Style on the Assessment Times, Impressions, Perceptions and Preferences of Adjudicators

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    Haviland & Clark, 1974; Miller & Isard , 1964). a Active Verbs: when appropriate, passive verbs were changed to active verbs to make clear the agent of...Penguin. Miller, G., & Isard , S. (1964). Free recall of st!f -,nhedde-d English sentences. Information and Control, 7, 292-303. Mirel, B. (1964

  17. The justice system for the juveniles Juveniles adjudicated for the criminal act of “theft” in Albania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Etilda Gjonaj Saliu

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The juvenile justice system in Albania has improved from year to year but slow movements are done in improving the whole system for the implementation of the guarantees prescribed in international acts and Albanian legislation. This article, is aiming to offer some opinions related to the justice system for the juveniles based on the statistical and qualitative data regarding the criminal policy that is used and the precautionary measures given through court decisions. This article, aims in identifying the issues and provide recommendations, with the main goal of improvement of the legislation and its best implementation in practice by the criminal justice instances, particularly by the prosecution and the court. Through the conclusions derived by this article is intended to exert the right pressure towards state authorities, to improve and better orient criminal policy and to increase the use of alternatives to the precautionary measure of “jail arrest” and imprisonment.

  18. The justice system for the juveniles Juveniles adjudicated for the criminal act of “theft” in Albania

    OpenAIRE

    Etilda Gjonaj Saliu

    2016-01-01

    The juvenile justice system in Albania has improved from year to year but slow movements are done in improving the whole system for the implementation of the guarantees prescribed in international acts and Albanian legislation. This article, is aiming to offer some opinions related to the justice system for the juveniles based on the statistical and qualitative data regarding the criminal policy that is used and the precautionary measures given through court decisions. This article, aims in i...

  19. Defining a Simulation Capability Hierarchy for the Modeling of a SeaBase Enabler (SBE)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    ORGANIZATION REPORT NUMBER 9. SPONSORING / MONITORING AGENCY NAME(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) N/A 10. SPONSORING/ MONITORING AGENCY REPORT NUMBER 11...Adjudicator setup Adjudicator adjudicator = new Adjudicator(); hostileSensor.addSimEventListener(adjudicator); //Property dumper setup...TCraft extends BasicLinearMover { /* * State Variables */ // monitors cargo carried on TCraft protected double cargo; // monitors

  20. 10 CFR Appendix B to Subpart A of... - Adjudicative Guidelines Approved by the President in Accordance With the Provisions of Executive...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., mental, and personality disorders; (10) Guideline J: Criminal Conduct; (11) Guideline K: Security... unlawful aims of the individual or organization and severed ties upon learning of these; (b) The individual... security concern if it involves a criminal offense, indicates a personality or emotional disorder, may...

  1. Hybrid Human-Computing Distributed Sense-Making: Extending the SOA Paradigm for Dynamic Adjudication and Optimization of Human and Computer Roles

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rimland, Jeffrey C.

    2013-01-01

    In many evolving systems, inputs can be derived from both human observations and physical sensors. Additionally, many computation and analysis tasks can be performed by either human beings or artificial intelligence (AI) applications. For example, weather prediction, emergency event response, assistive technology for various human sensory and…

  2. Does science speak clearly and fairly in trade and food safety disputes? The search for an optimal response of WTO adjudication to problematic international standard-making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ni, Kuei-Jung

    2013-01-01

    Most international health-related standards are voluntary per se. However, the incorporation of international standard-making into WTO agreements like the SPS Agreement has drastically changed the status and effectiveness of the standards. WTO members are urged to follow international standards, even when not required to comply fully with them. Indeed, such standards have attained great influence in the trade system. Yet evidence shows that the credibility of the allegedly scientific approach of these international standard-setting institutions, especially the Codex Alimentarius Commission (Codex) governing food safety standards, has been eroded and diluted by industrial and political influences. Its decision-making is no longer based on consensus, but voting. The adoption of new safety limits for the veterinary drug ractopamine in 2012, by a very close vote, is simply another instance of the problematic operations of the Codex. These dynamics have led skeptics to question the legitimacy of the standard setting body and to propose solutions to rectify the situation. Prior WTO rulings have yet to pay attention to the defect in the decision-making processes of the Codex. Nevertheless, the recent Appellate Body decision on Hormones II is indicative of a deferential approach to national measures that are distinct from Codex formulas. The ruling also rejects the reliance on those experts who authored the Codex standards to assess new measures of the European Community. This approach provides an opportunity to contemplate what the proper relationship between the WTO and Codex ought to be. Through a critical review of WTO rulings and academic proposals, this article aims to analyze how the WTO ought to define such interactions and respond to the politicized standard-making process in an optimal manner. This article argues that building a more systematic approach and normative basis for WTO judicial review of standard-setting decisions and the selection of technical experts would be instrumental to strengthening the mutual supports between the WTO and international standard-setting organizations, and may help avoid the introduction of a prejudice toward a justified science finding.

  3. Estimating the Value of Administrative Procedures by "Crocodile Adjudication"%从"鳄鱼审判"看行政程序的价值性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白杨

    2004-01-01

    "鳄鱼审判",顾名思义,就是由鳄鱼来充当审判中的决定者.在现代,已经不会再出现"鳄鱼审判",但是从这种审判形式中,我们可以窥见一些理念,也可以从中把握行政程序的价值所在.

  4. 从“动脉支架案”看美国如何驾驭“逻辑型专利”*--玩不转“逻辑型专利”的知识产权战略会否走进死胡同?%From "Stent Cases" to Analyze the United States Manage the "Logical Patents"--Could Intellectual Property Strategy will Dead end Which Can not Handle "Logical Patent"?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    本刊知识产权战略研究课题组

    2016-01-01

    Infringement adjudication,compensation adjudication and patent of adjudication of "Logical" patent as well as adjudication of "Interpretation of patent claims." are conifgured to judge. Whether this system would intensify social contradictions. We can throw some thoughts from the United States "stent" Case.

  5. Researches on the Institutional Innovation Concerning Food Safety Law Adjudication%我国食品安全法律实施中的司法制度创新研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张庆庆; 涂永前; 郭金良

    2016-01-01

    近年来,尽管国家不断地通过政策措施和立法活动来强化食品安全治理机制,但却没能从根本上有效地杜绝食品安全问题,社会中的问题食品事件屡见不鲜。司法是法律实施的关键、是权益保护的“最后防线”。我国食品安全法律实施中长期存在的“诉讼难”“举证难”“赔偿难”“不安全食品致害侵权”等一系列司法难题,成为维护食品消费者合法权益、惩治不法经营者的主要制度障碍。为了提高法律实施的效果、“兑现”国家对百姓“舌尖上安全”的承诺,必须以《食品安全法》为切口进行具体的制度完善。%In recent years, our country is continually strengthening food safety governance mechanism by policy measures and legislation activities, yet it has not effectively ensured foodsafety and the scandals in foodsafety ernerge repeatedly. Justice is the key to the enforcement of law, and the last defensive line for the protection of rights. During the enforcement of food safety laws, the issues such as difficulties regarding litigation, proof of evidence, compensation, tort damage by insecurity-food and etc., in judicial practice long-term existence, and the problems have been becoming the signiifcant institutional barriers for protecting the vulnerable party’s interest and punishing the unlawful businessmen. So this should be adjusted through the judicial system in Food Safety Law, in order to improve the efficiency of the enforcement of law and fulifll the promise of safeguarding food safety for the people of our country.

  6. 法院对行政裁决享有有限司法变更权的思考%The Courts' Limited Power to Change a Decision of Administrative Adjudication on A Limited Base

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘柏桓; 陆国东

    2001-01-01

    行政裁决是指依法由行政机关依照法律授权,对当事人之间发生的、与行政管理活动密切相关的、与合同无关的民事纠纷进行审查,并作出裁决的行政行为,它是一种行政司法行为。管理相对人一旦认为行政裁决对自己的合法的民事权益产生影响而向人民法院提起诉讼,人民法院依据《中华人民共和国行政诉讼法》(以下简称《行政诉讼法》)审理后,除行政处罚显失公正外,只能就被诉的行政裁决作出或维持原判,或驳回诉讼请求,确认、撤销、强制履行的判决,但不能作出变更判决。那么,这是否符合行政裁决案件独有的特点呢?笔者认为人民法院对此类案件的判决应享有有限司法变更权。

  7. A way through the dark and thorny thickets? The adjudication of "serious injury" under the narrative tests in the Transport Accident Act 1986 (Vic) and the Workplace Injury Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 2013 (Vic).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taliadoros, Jason

    2015-09-01

    The so-called "narrative" test provides the means by which injured persons who satisfy the statutory and common law definition of "serious injury" may bring proceedings for common law damages under s 93 of the Transport Accident Act 1986 (Vic) and s 134AB of the Accident Compensation Act 1985 (Vic) (or, for injuries after 1 July 2014, under ss 324-347 of the Workplace Injury Rehabilitation and Compensation Act 2013 (Vic)). These are among the most litigated provisions in Australia. This article outlines the legislative and political background to these provisions, the provisions themselves, and an account of the statutory and common law requirements needed to satisfy the provisions.

  8. La aplicación jurídica ante algunos dilemas semánticos de Luigi Ferrajoli || The Legal Adjudication Faced With Some Semantic Dilemmas of Luigi Ferrajoli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Marino Jiménez Cano

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumen:A juicio de Luigi Ferrajoli los textos constitucionales incorporan condiciones sustanciales de validez, que se refieren a valores como como la libertad, la igualdad o las garantías de los derechos de los ciudadanos. Por otra parte, el significado del lenguaje jurídico, el de los juristas y el de los jueces, se expresa a través de definiciones lexicográficas  que toman como base observacional los usos del legislador. Este trabajo plantea las diferentes alternativas y dilemas ante los que se presenta Ferrajoli a la hora de explicar la posibilidad de que los jueces realicen enunciados operativos cuando el lenguaje legal o constitucional es vago o contiene condiciones sustanciales de validez. Abstract: According to Luigi Ferrajoli constitutional texts incorporate substantial conditions of validity, which refer to values ??such as freedom, equality and guarantees of rights. On the other hand, the meaning of legal language, the language of lawyers and judges, is expressed through lexical definitions based on the observational uses of the Legislature. This paper discusses the various alternatives and dilemmas for Ferrajoli to explaining the possibility that judges make operatives statements when the legal or constitutional language is vague or when it contains substantial conditions of validity. 

  9. Conditions of contract for construction for building and engineering works designed by the employer : general conditions : guidance for the preparation of particular conditions forms of letter of tender, contract agreement and dispute adjudication agreement

    CERN Document Server

    1999-01-01

    Conditions of Contract for Construction, which are recommended for building or engineering works designed by the Employer or by his representative, the Engineer. Under the usual arrangements for this type of contract, the Contractor constructs the works in accordance with a design provided by the Employer. However, the works may include some elements of Contractor-designed civil, mechanical, electrical and/or construction works.

  10. "相对合理"--民事检察监督与法院审判监督关系之协调%"Relative Rationalization"--Completing the Relationship of the Civil Prosecutorial Supervision and Court Adjudication Supervision

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘志华

    2004-01-01

    在民事诉讼中,法院监督和检察监督是并行不悖的,在我国目前的司法条件下,只有本着"相对合理"的宗旨,将现有的民事检察监督与民事审判的法院监督有机整合,才能真正建立符合我国国情的民事诉讼监督体系.

  11. The Problem with Forgiving (But Not Entirely Forgetting the Crimes of Our Nation’s Youth: Exploring the Third Circuit’s Unconstitutional Use of Nonjury Juvenile Adjudication in Armed Career Criminal Sentencing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stephen F. Donahue

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available For better or for worse, our Constitution ensures that the basic rights of fair procedure are guaranteed to all American citizens, including those accused of crime, no matter how much society may disapprove of their actions. The United States Supreme Court has expressly provided that “[d]ue process of law is the primary and indispensable foundation of individual freedom” and effectively serves as the “basic and essential term in the social compact which defines the rights of the individual and delimits the powers which the state may exercise.” Recognizing that the failure to observe fundamental procedural due process guarantees has historically resulted in substantial unfairness to criminal defendants, the Court has worked to establish heightened procedural safeguards in criminal proceedings over the latter half of the past century.6 In this sense, the Court has openly embraced the belief that “the progression of history, and especially the deepening realization of the substance and procedures that justice and the demands of human dignity require” has called for courts to “invest the command of ‘due process of law’ with increasingly greater substance.” Consequently, the Supreme Court has set a clear example that lower courts must move forward “with advancing the conception of human rights in according procedural as well as substantive rights to individuals accused of conflict with the criminal laws.”

  12. 20 CFR 667.800 - What actions of the Department may be appealed to the Office of Administrative Law Judges?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... WORKFORCE INVESTMENT ACT Administrative Adjudication and Judicial Review § 667.800 What actions of the... adjudicated under the alternative dispute resolution process set forth in § 667.840 within the 60 days,...

  13. A neo-Aristotelian notion of reciprocity: about civic friendship and (the troublesome character of) right judicial decisions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    I. van Domselaar

    2011-01-01

    This chapter argues that a neo-Aristotelian approach can play a valuable role in accounting for reciprocity in adjudication. It can solve the central flaws that an "adjudication as applied moral theory" approach faces. In addition, the author asserts that a neo-Aristotelian approach to adjudication

  14. 19 CFR 210.76 - Modification or rescission of exclusion orders, cease and desist orders, and consent orders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... INTERNATIONAL TRADE COMMISSION INVESTIGATIONS OF UNFAIR PRACTICES IN IMPORT TRADE ADJUDICATION AND ENFORCEMENT... and be heard. After consideration of the petition, any responses thereto, and any information...

  15. Security Clearance Tracking System

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Archives and Records Administration — SCTS supports the adjudication process of private background investigations and clearances for potential employees, contractors, interns and student workers.

  16. MEWRK

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — MEWRK is a management information database that stores data related to the development, adjudication and effectuation of Title II Work Continuing Disability Reviews.

  17. DOMESTIC VIOLENCE LEGISLATION IN INDIA: THE PITFALLS OF A HUMAN RIGHTS APPROACH TO GENDER EQUALITY

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Rehan Abeyratne; Dipika Jain

    2013-01-01

      [...]the Government should institute disciplinary sanctions against state officials-including police officers and judges-who fail to properly investigate or adjudicate domestic violence claims, accept...

  18. 12 CFR 747.807 - Rights of witnesses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... ADMINISTRATIVE ACTIONS, ADJUDICATIVE HEARINGS, RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE, AND INVESTIGATIONS Local Rules... further action as the circumstance may warrant including barring the offending person from further...

  19. Recognition and execution of adjudications of foreign courts = Признание и исполнение решений иностранных судов / Jelena Zaitseva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zaitseva, Jelena

    2010-01-01

    Välisriikide kohtuotsuste tunnustamise ja täitmise kahest süsteemist, eksekvaaturisüsteemi rakendamisest Vene Föderatsioonis. Lisatud Pihkva oblasti kohtutes arutatud välisriikide kohtuotsuste tunnustamis- ja täitmistaotluste praktika analüüs

  20. Judicial Review of Death Penalty Procedure: a Problem in Suspense——Separate Establishment of Death Penalty Adjudication and Death Penalty Review%死刑复核程序:一个仍未终结的问题——以死刑审判权与核准权的分设为视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭华

    2008-01-01

    死刑核准权归位于最高人民法院,这个本不应当出现的问题被解决后,死刑复核程序对拥有死刑复核权法院所裁判的死刑案件应否进行复核以及如何复核仍是一个需要亟待解决的问题.死刑复核程序作为"审判权"与"核准权"分设的特别程序始终未放逐这一立法信念,并以此为进路来设计死刑复核程序,以免死刑核准权被"审判权"架空影响死刑案件的质量.

  1. Recognition and execution of adjudications of foreign courts = Признание и исполнение решений иностранных судов / Jelena Zaitseva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Zaitseva, Jelena

    2010-01-01

    Välisriikide kohtuotsuste tunnustamise ja täitmise kahest süsteemist, eksekvaaturisüsteemi rakendamisest Vene Föderatsioonis. Lisatud Pihkva oblasti kohtutes arutatud välisriikide kohtuotsuste tunnustamis- ja täitmistaotluste praktika analüüs

  2. The Judicial Adjudication Caused by Wrong Registration of Marriage Institution: Cased by Applicant Fraudulent Using Another Person's Identity Documents%婚姻登记机关错误登记引发的司法裁判——以申请人冒用他人身份证件为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施海红; 朱春叶

    2013-01-01

    对于因申请人以欺诈方式导致婚姻登记机关错误登记的,应当从登记机关是否履行审查义务以及登记行为的效力两方面进行审查.其中登记机关的审查标准应在专业机构审查的合理范围内,符合以办理婚姻登记为主要业务内容的机构能力.而登记行为效力的评判应采取实质审查标准,即当登记机关依法履行了谨慎合理的审查义务,但登记双方当事人违反结婚或离婚实质要件的,仍应认定登记行为违法.针对登记行为不符合实质审查标准的情况,一般判决撤销该具体行政行为.

  3. The Effect of the Adjudication--The analysis of res judicata's criterion time from a case of divorce%论判决的效力--从一起离婚案件看既判力的时间界限

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨秀清; 李琳

    2004-01-01

    我国民诉法规定的粗陋和缺乏可操作性导致了实践之中出现了许多问题.试图就一个案例来讨论大陆法系中的传统理论--既判力理论在现实生活中的作用,从而解决关于判决生效时间这一看似毫无疑义的问题.

  4. 22 CFR 134.12 - Net worth exhibit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... adjudicative officer in a sealed envelope labeled “Confidential Financial Information”, accompanied by a motion... Information Required From Applicants § 134.12 Net worth exhibit. (a) Each applicant except a qualifed tax... whether the applicant qualifies under the standards in his part. The adjudicative officer may require an...

  5. 32 CFR 154.42 - Evaluation of personnel security information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Evaluation of personnel security information... SECURITY DEPARTMENT OF DEFENSE PERSONNEL SECURITY PROGRAM REGULATION Adjudication § 154.42 Evaluation of personnel security information. (a) The criteria and adjudicative policy to be used in applying...

  6. 32 CFR 147.15 - Guideline M-Misuse of Information technology systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Guideline M-Misuse of Information technology... PERSONNEL, MILITARY AND CIVILIAN ADJUDICATIVE GUIDELINES FOR DETERMINING ELIGIBILITY FOR ACCESS TO CLASSIFIED INFORMATION Adjudication § 147.15 Guideline M—Misuse of Information technology systems. (a)...

  7. 31 CFR 10.76 - Decision of Administrative Law Judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Decision of Administrative Law Judge... Administrative Law Judge. (a) In general—(1) Hearings. Within 180 days after the conclusion of a hearing and the... adjudication. In the event that a motion for summary adjudication is filed, the Administrative Law Judge...

  8. 38 CFR 3.2600 - Review of benefit claims decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... ADJUDICATION Universal Adjudication Rules That Apply to Benefit Claims Governed by Part 3 of This Title... Disagreement with a decision of an agency of original jurisdiction on a benefit claim has a right to a review... an agency of original jurisdiction (including the decision being reviewed or any prior decision...

  9. 76 FR 59085 - Appeals of Post Office Closings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-23

    ... Administrative Procedure Act, Public Law 79-404, 60 Stat. 237, 1946 (APA), `` `adjudication' means agency process... adjudications under the APA (5 U.S.C. 554) because, pursuant to section 404(d)(5)(C), the provisions of 5 U.S.C... covered by the APA at all, generally do not involve a hearing, and are subject to the specific...

  10. 12 CFR 1705.4 - Standards for awards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... circumstances of the case, unless the party has committed a willful violation of law or otherwise acted in bad... adjudication in which it prevailed, unless the position of OFHEO in the adversary adjudication was... that its position was substantially justified and may do so by showing that its position was...

  11. Reliability and Perceived Pedagogical Utility of a Weighted Music Performance Assessment Rubric

    Science.gov (United States)

    Latimer, Marvin E., Jr.; Bergee, Martin J.; Cohen, Mary L.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the reliability and perceived pedagogical utility of a multidimensional weighted performance assessment rubric used in Kansas state high school large-group festivals. Data were adjudicator rubrics (N = 2,016) and adjudicator and director questionnaires (N = 515). Rubric internal consistency was…

  12. 20 CFR 405.5 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Commissioner and who provides expertise to disability adjudicators at the initial, Federal reviewing official... Expert System means the body comprised of medical, psychological, and vocational experts, who have qualifications required by the Commissioner. It provides expertise to disability adjudicators at the...

  13. 28 CFR 902.1 - Purpose and authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Purpose and authority. 902.1 Section 902.1 Judicial Administration NATIONAL CRIME PREVENTION AND PRIVACY COMPACT COUNCIL DISPUTE ADJUDICATION... for the adjudication of disputes by the Compact Council. The Compact Council is established...

  14. A proteção do direito fundamental à água em perspectiva internacional e comparada / The Protection of the Fundamental Right to Water in International and Comparative Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Bernal Pulido

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose – Analyzing the adjudication of the constitutional right to water in comparative law and its theoretical and practical implications. Methodology/approach/design – A theoretical and jurisprudential analysis of the standards of reasonableness, the minimum core and proportionality, used in different jurisdictions for adjudicating claims grounded in the constitutional right to water. Findings – The advantages and disadvantages of reasonableness, the minimum core and proportionality as standards for adjudicating the constitutional right to water. Practical implications – The article shows that the adjudication of the employment of the principle of proportionality is the best comparative practice concerning the adjudication of the constitutional right to water. Originality/value – The text fills a gap on the topic, especially in light of the problems arising out of localized water crises or economic, social or legal disputes over water use in scenarios of scarcity.

  15. Report on the behalf of the Foreign Affairs, Defence and Armed Forces Commission on: the bill project (accelerated procedure) authorizing the ratification of the joint procurement agreement for a designation by auction of common bid platforms, and the bill project (accelerated procedure) authorizing the ratification of the joint procurement agreement for a designation by auction of an auction monitor. Nr 171; Rapport fait au nom de la commission des affaires etrangeres, de la defense et des forces armees sur le projet de loi (procedure acceleree) autorisant la ratification de l'accord de passation conjointe de marche en vue de la designation par adjudication de plates-formes d'encheres communes et sur le projet de loi (procedure acceleree) autorisant la ratification de l'accord de passation conjointe de marche en vue de la designation par adjudication d'une instance de surveillance des encheres. No. 171

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boulaud, Didier

    2011-12-07

    This document first presents the currently operating greenhouse gas emission quota trading scheme and its evolution according to which quotas will be put up for auction. Then, it more precisely describes different aspects of this arrangement: general economy of the auction system, common auction platforms, auction monitor, and market procedures. Consequences on the French law are presented. The ratification procedure is discussed

  16. 36 CFR 1250.36 - When will NARA deny a FOIA request?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... right to a fair trial or an impartial adjudication; (C) Could reasonably be expected to constitute an... criminal law enforcement authority in the course of a criminal investigation, or by an agency...

  17. 12 CFR 4.12 - Information available under the FOIA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... of the right to a fair trial or an impartial adjudication; (iii) Constitute an unwarranted invasion... information compiled by a criminal law enforcement authority in the course of a criminal investigation, or...

  18. 19 CFR 210.40 - Proposed findings and conclusions and briefs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... UNFAIR PRACTICES IN IMPORT TRADE ADJUDICATION AND ENFORCEMENT Prehearing Conferences and Hearings § 210... law may be filed with the administrative law judge for his consideration. Such proposals and...

  19. EU to Continue 48.5% Anti-dumping Duties on Chinese Bicycles

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On June 10, European Commission informed the Business Office of the Mission of Ministry of Commerce in EU and disclosed the adjudication on the review of the EU imposing anti-dumping on Chinese bicycles.

  20. 12 CFR 791.12 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., participation in a civil action or proceeding, an action in a foreign court or international tribunal, or an arbitration, or the initiation, conduct or disposition of a particular case of formal agency adjudication...

  1. 12 CFR 912.4 - Closed meetings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... in a civil action or proceeding, an action in a foreign court or international tribunal, or an arbitration, or the initiation, conduct or disposition of a particular case of formal adjudication pursuant to...

  2. 17 CFR 201.900 - Informal Procedures and Supplementary Information Concerning Adjudicatory Proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... that fact, and shall describe the procedural posture of the case, project an estimated date for... adjudication program caseload increases awareness of the importance of the program, facilitates oversight...

  3. 49 CFR 511.34 - Requests for admission.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ADJUDICATIVE PROCEDURES Discovery; Compulsory Process § 511.34... qualify or deny the remainder. An answering party may not give lack of information or knowledge as...

  4. 831 Files

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — SSA-831 file is a collection of initial and reconsideration adjudicative level DDS disability determinations. (A few hearing level cases are also present, but the...

  5. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Documents in Adjudicative Proceedings Site Information Privacy Policy Website Policy No FEAR Act USA.gov Accessibility Digital Government Strategy Open Government Federal Trade Commission Headquarters: 600 Pennsylvania ...

  6. DALDALA SEERAA ALAA TO'ACHUU: RAKKOOWWAN SEERAA FI ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    They are principally empowered to seize, prosecute and adjudicate illicit trade activities and control ... ***LL.B (Haromaya University), Legal Researcher at OJSPTLRI. ... Any practice or conduct prohibited by law and which relates to production ...

  7. freedom stationery

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    UKZN

    PROCUREMENT ADJUDICATION AND THE RIGHTS OF CHILDREN: FREEDOM. STATIONERY (PTY) ..... Fose v Minister of Safety and Security 1997 7 BCLR 851 (CC) para 19. 60. Section 38(1) .... Register of internet sources. Committee on ...

  8. Best value for money

    CERN Document Server

    CERN Bulletin

    2011-01-01

    Last week, the Industrial Services and General Infrastructure section of the Procurement and Industrial Services group received dozens of bids in a single day! The bids were submitted in response to four invitations to tender to be adjudicated on a ‘best value for money’ basis. This adjudication method, introduced at CERN in 2008, ensures that quality is given as much priority as cost containment in the process of awarding industrial services contracts.   Members of the Industrial Services and General Infrastructure section with the dozens of bids received in a single day. Until 2008 every contract at CERN was adjudicated on a "lowest compliant bid" basis, i.e. to the firm submitting the cheapest technically compliant tender. Since then, however, the CERN Financial Rules, including the Procurement Rules, have undergone an in-depth revision, and the ‘best value for money’ adjudication basis has been introduced. According to the new adju...

  9. 16 CFR 1025.3 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...) Staff means the staff of the Consumer Product Safety Commission. Additional definitions relating to... Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE... Safety Commission or a quorum thereof. (c) Commissioner means a Commissioner of the Consumer...

  10. LHC Statistics for the Period 01.01.1995 - 30.04.2004

    CERN Document Server

    2004-01-01

    (on the distribution of contracts and purchase orders by country for the LHC project based on payments and outstanding commitments including adjudications for supplies by the Finance Committee up to March 2004)

  11. 77 FR 31827 - Pipeline Safety: Pipeline Damage Prevention Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-30

    ... Safety: Pipeline Damage Prevention Programs AGENCY: Pipeline and Hazardous Materials Safety... excavation damage prevention law enforcement programs; establish an administrative process for making... excavation damage prevention law enforcement programs; and establish the adjudication process...

  12. 20 CFR 702.319 - Obtaining documents from the administrative file for reintroduction at formal hearings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... file for reintroduction at formal hearings. 702.319 Section 702.319 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT STANDARDS ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR LONGSHOREMEN'S AND HARBOR WORKERS' COMPENSATION ACT AND RELATED STATUTES ADMINISTRATION AND PROCEDURE Adjudication Procedures Action by District Directors §...

  13. 46 CFR 5.501 - General.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... mariner's credential or endorsement is a formal adjudication under the Administrative Procedure Act (APA... in accordance with applicable requirements in the APA, the rules in this part, and the rules...

  14. National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program (VICP) -Data & Statistics

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The VICP program publishes a summary PDF report with several data tables: Number of Petitions Filed by Adjudication Categories by Alleged Vaccine, including # of...

  15. [La Dore Reservoir water rights priority decree : Rocky Mountain Arsenal : 1919

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Issued in November of 1924, this decree sets forth the adjudication of priorities of water rights and usage for irrigation and other beneficial uses in Water...

  16. 38 CFR 3.53 - Continuous cohabitation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation Relationship § 3.53 Continuous... made during the life of the veteran on issues subsequently involved in the application of this section....

  17. Average Wait Time Until Hearing Held Report (By Month), September 2016 (53rd week)

    Data.gov (United States)

    Social Security Administration — A presentation of the average time (in months) from the hearing request date until a hearing is held for claims pending in the Office of Disability Adjudication and...

  18. 13 CFR 134.618 - How are awards paid?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... CASES BEFORE THE OFFICE OF HEARINGS AND APPEALS Implementation of the Equal Access to Justice Act § 134... the adversary adjudication, or of the award, to the following address: Chief Financial Officer,...

  19. Contractual medical liability in Portugal and Macao

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Miguel Prista Patrício Cascão

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Liability of healthcare providers can be framed under the theory of contract in the law of Portugal and Macao, to obtain compensation for injury suffered by aggrieved patients, as a result of medical adverse events. However, shortcomings in the law, court practice and literature lead to some uncertainty in adjudication. This article aims at reducing said uncertainty, setting forward a clear-cut adjudication paradigm, while recommending legal reform.

  20. Reform of lawsuit system and revision of filing conditions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Weiping

    2006-01-01

    Currently the Civil Procedure Law stipulates rather "high conditions" for lawsuits and the reason is that in the institutional design,we have equated the conditions of adjudicating the merits with those of lawsuits and the initiation of lawsuits.The trial of conditions of adjudicating the merits are usually conducted after the beginning of lawsuits,while in China it is carded out before the beginning of lawsuits,and thus the related procedures have become a kind of "pre-lawsuit procedures",and theoretical and institutional confusions and contradictions arise.This article is of the opinion that filing conditions should be separated from those of adjudicating the merits,and the trial of the latter should be incorporated into the proceedings.A "dual,trial structure should be constructed,that is,the trial of conditions for adjudicating the merits goes parallel with that of merit disputes.In the attempt to improve civil procedures,attention should be given to the institutionalization of conditions of adjudicating the merits,which should be reasonably designed and integrated into relevant systems.When reforming the lawsuit system,we should also adjust the courts'trial organs.We recommend not setting up any case-filing or appeal divisions and removing the existing "separation of case-filing and trial".

  1. The Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis Clinical Research Network (IPFnet)

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Andrade, Joao; Schwarz, Marvin; Collard, Harold R.; Gentry-Bumpass, Tedryl; Colby, Thomas; Lynch, David; Schwarz, M.; Zisman, D. A.; Hunninghake, G.; Chapman, J.; Olman, M.; Lubell, S.; Morrison, L. D.; Steele, M. P.; Haram, T.; Roman, J.; Perez, R.; Perez, T.; Ryu, J. H.; Utz, J. P.; Limper, A. H.; Daniels, C. E.; Meiras, K.; Walsh, S.; Brown, K. K.; Schwarz, M.; Bair, C.; Kervitsky, D.; Lasky, J. A.; Ditta, S.; deAndrade, J.; Thannickal, V. J.; Stewart, M.; Zisman, D. A.; Lynch, J.; Calahan, E.; Lopez, P.; King, T. E.; Collard, H. R.; Golden, J. A.; Wolters, P. J.; Jeffrey, R.; Noth, I.; Hogarth, D. K.; Sandbo, N.; Strek, M. E.; White, S. R.; Brown, C.; Garic, I.; Maleckar, S.; Martinez, F. J.; Flaherty, K. R.; Han, M.; Moore, B.; Toews, G. B.; Dahlgren, D.; Raghu, G.; Hayes, J.; Snyder, M.; Loyd, J. E.; Lancaster, L.; Lawson, W.; Greer, R.; Mason, W.; Kaner, R. J.; Monroy, V.; Wang, M.; Lynch, D. A.; Colby, T.; Anstrom, K. J.; Becker, R. C.; Eisenstein, E. L.; MacIntyre, N. R.; Morrison, L. D; Rochon, J.; Steele, M. P.; Sundy, J. S.; Davidson-Ray, L.; Dignacco, P.; Edwards, R.; Anderson, R.; Beci, R.; Calvert, S.; Cain, K.; Gentry-Bumpass, T.; Hill, D.; Ingham, M.; Kagan, E.; Kaur, J.; Matti, C.; McClelland, J.; Meredith, A.; Nguyen, T.; Pesarchick, J.; Roberts, R. S.; Tate, W.; Thomas, T.; Walker, J.; Whelan, D.; Winsor, J.; Yang, Q.; Yow, E.; Reynolds, H. Y.; Tian, X.; Kiley, J.; Noth, I.; Olman, M.; Schwarz, M.; Toews, G. B.; Hunninghake, G.; Culver, D. A.; Chapman, J.; Olman, M.; Lubell, S.; Wehrmann, R.; Morrison, L. D.; Steele, M. P.; Haram, T.; Kidd, R.; Kallay, M.; Lyda, E.; Ryu, J. H.; Utz, J. P.; Limper, A. H.; Daniels, C. E.; Meiras, K.; Walsh, S.; Sahn, S.; O’Banner, N.; Stokes, F.; Brown, K. K.; Bair, C.; Kervitsky, D.; Ettinger, N. A.; Merli, S.; de Andrade, J.; Thannickal, V. J.; Stewart, M.; Belperio, J.; Lynch, J. P.; Calahan, E.; Lopez, P.; King, T. E.; Collard, H. R.; Golden, J.; Wolters, P.; Eller, A.; Noth, I.; Hogarth, D. K.; Sandbo, N.; Strek, M. E.; Maleckar, S.; Rahimova, G.; Sardin, L.; Roman, J.; Perez, R.; Perez, T.; Glassberg, M.; Simonet, E.; Martinez, F. J.; Baumann, K.; Chan, K.; Chughtai, A.; Gross, B.; Flaherty, K. R.; Han, M. L.; Hyzy, R.; Kazerooni, E.; Moore, B.; Myers, J.; Toews, G. B.; White, E.; Dahlgren, D.; Rossman, M.; Kreider, M.; Le, K.; Fitzgerald, J.; Glazer, C.; Scholand, M. B.; Brewster, L.; Johnson, A.; Raghu, G.; Berry-Bell, P.; Snydsman, A.; Loyd, J. E.; Lancaster, L.; Lawson, W.; Greer, R.; Kinser, K.; Richardson, R.; Mason, W.; Kaner, R. J.; Bandong, K.; Antin-Ozerkis, D.; Holm, C.; Estrom, J.; Lynch, D. A.; Colby, T.; Anstrom, K. J.; Eisenstein, E. L.; Sundy, J. S.; Davidson-Ray, L.; Dignacco, P.; Edwards, R.; Beci, R.; Calvert, S.; Gentry-Bumpass, T.; Hill, D.; Hofmann, P. V.; Hwang, K.; Kaur, J.; Matti, C.; Meredith, A.; Pesarchick, J.; Ramey, S.; Roberts, R. S.; Sharlow, A.; Winsor, J.; Yang, Q.; Yow, E.; Weinmann, G. G.; Reynolds, H.; Schmetter, B.; Tian, X.; Kiley, J.; Martinez, F. J.; Raghu, G.; Schwarz, M.; Toews, G. B.; Zibrak, J.; Demersky, A.; Vey, M.; Rosas, I. O.; Debrosse, P.; Culver, D. A.; Chapman, J.; Olman, M.; Lubell, S.; Wehrmann, R.; Morrison, L. D.; Steele, M. P.; Haram, T.; Kidd, R.; Kallay, M.; Lyda, E.; Ryu, J. H.; Utz, J. P.; Limper, A. H.; Daniels, C. E.; Meiras, K.; Walsh, S.; Sahn, S.; O’Banner, N.; Stokes, F.; Padilla, M.; Berhanu, G.; Brown, K. K.; Bair, C.; Kervitsky, D.; Ettinger, N. A.; Merli, S.; Criner, G. J.; Swift, I. Q.; Satti, A.; Cordova, F.; Patel, N.; West, K.; Jones, G.; Lasky, J. A.; Ditta, S.; de Andrade, J.; Thannickal, V. J.; Stewart, M.; Belperio, J.; Lynch, J. P.; Calahan, E.; Lopez, P.; King, T. E.; Collard, H. R.; Golden, J.; Wolters, P.; Eller, A.; Noth, I.; Hogarth, D. K.; Sandbo, N.; Strek, M. E.; Maleckar, S.; Rahimova, G.; Sardin, L.; Roman, J.; Perez, R.; Perez, T.; Glassberg, M.; Simonet, E.; Martinez, F. J.; Baumann, K.; Chan, K.; Chughtai, A.; Gross, B.; Flaherty, K. R.; Han, M. L.; Hyzy, R.; Kazerooni, E.; Moore, B.; Myers, J.; Toews, G. B.; White, E.; Dahlgren, D.; Rossman, M.; Kreider, M.; Le, K.; Fitzgerald, J.; Glazer, C.; Scholand, M. B.; Brewster, L.; Johnson, A.; Raghu, G.; Berry-Bell, P.; Snydsman, A.; Loyd, J. E.; Lancaster, L.; Lawson, W.; Greer, R.; Mason, W.; Kaner, R. J.; Bandong, K.; Antin-Ozerkis, D.; Holm, C.; Estrom, J.; Lynch, D. A.; Colby, T.; Anstrom, K. J.; Becker, R. C.; Eisenstein, E. L.; Sundy, J. S.; Davidson-Ray, L.; Dignacco, P.; Edwards, R.; Beci, R.; Calvert, S.; Cain, K.; Gentry-Bumpass, T.; Hill, D.; Huang, K.; Kaur, J.; Matti, C.; Meredith, A.; Pesarchick, J.; Ramey, S.; Roberts, R. S.; Sharlow, A.; Winsor, J.; Yow, E.; Weinmann, G. G.; Reynolds, H.; Schmetter, B.; Tian, X.; Kiley, J.

    2015-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute-sponsored IPF Clinical Research Network (IPFnet) studies enrolled subjects with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF) to evaluate drug therapies in treatment trials. An adjudication committee (AC) provided a structured review of cases in which there was uncertainty or disagreement regarding diagnosis or clinical event classification. This article describes the diagnosis and adjudication processes. METHODS: The diagnostic process was based on review of clinical data and high-resolution CT scans with central review of lung biopsies when available. The AC worked closely with the data coordinating center to obtain clinical, radiologic, and histologic data and to communicate with the clinical centers. The AC used a multidisciplinary discussion model with four clinicians, one radiologist, and one pathologist to adjudicate diagnosis and outcome measures. RESULTS: The IPFnet trials screened 1,015 subjects; of these, 23 cases required review by the AC to establish eligibility. The most common diagnosis for exclusion was suspected chronic hypersensitivity pneumonitis. The AC reviewed 88 suspected acute exacerbations (AExs), 93 nonelective hospitalizations, and 16 cases of bleeding. Determination of AEx presented practical challenges to adjudicators, as necessary clinical data were often not collected, particularly when subjects were evaluated outside of the primary study site. CONCLUSIONS: The IPFnet diagnostic process was generally efficient, but a multidisciplinary adjudication committee was critical to assure correct phenotype for study enrollment. The AC was key in adjudicating all adverse outcomes in two IPFnet studies terminated early because of safety issues. Future clinical trials in IPF should consider logistical and cost issues as they incorporate AExs and hospitalizations as outcome measures. TRIAL REGISTRY: ClinicalTrials.gov; No.: NCT00517933, NCT00650091, NCT00957242; URL: www.clinicaltrials.gov PMID

  2. Extension of the Presumptive Period for Compensation for Gulf War Veterans. Interim final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-17

    The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is issuing this interim final rule to amend its adjudication regulations regarding compensation for disabilities resulting from undiagnosed illnesses suffered by veterans who served in the Persian Gulf War. This amendment is necessary to extend the presumptive period for qualifying chronic disabilities resulting from undiagnosed illnesses that must become manifest to a compensable degree in order that entitlement for compensation be established. The intended effect of this amendment is to provide consistency in VA adjudication policy and preserve certain rights afforded to Persian Gulf War veterans and ensure fairness for current and future Persian Gulf War veterans.

  3. An Assessment of Contractor Personnel Security Clearance Processes in the Four Defense Intelligence Agencies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-14

    298 (Rev. 8-98) Prescribed by ANSI Std Z39-18 INTEGRITY* EFFIC IENCY* ACCOUNTABILITY* EXCELLENCE Mission Our mission is to provide independent...Department of Energy (DoE) from 2011-2012. DoE told us it was aware of the NRO IG report of investigation at the time it made its favorable adjudicative... Energy DoD Department of Defense DODCAF DoD Consolidated Adjudication Facility DoDD Department of Defense Directive DoD I Department of Defense

  4. 78 FR 13094 - Remedies for Small Copyright Claims: Third Request for Comments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-26

    ...The United States Copyright Office is requesting public comment for the third time on the topic of adjudicating small copyright claims. The Office is studying whether and, if so, how the current legal system hinders or prevents copyright owners from pursuing copyright claims that have a relatively small economic value and will discuss, with appropriate recommendations, potential changes in administrative, regulatory, and statutory authority. At this time, the Office seeks additional comments on possible alternatives to the current system to improve the adjudication of such claims.

  5. 15 CFR 18.12 - Net worth exhibit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... sealed envelope labeled “Confidential Financial Information,” accompanied by a motion to withhold the... Information Required from Applicants § 18.12 Net worth exhibit. (a) Each applicant except a qualified tax... qualifies under the standards in this part. The adjudicative officer may require an applicant to file...

  6. 76 FR 59927 - Treatment of Aliens Whose Employment Creation Immigrant (EB-5) Petitions Were Approved After...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-28

    ... SECURITY 8 CFR Parts 216 and 245 RIN 1615-AA90 Treatment of Aliens Whose Employment Creation Immigrant (EB... applications and petitions of qualifying aliens whose employment-creation immigrant petitions were approved by...-273 Provisions C. Summary of the Adjudications Required by Public Law 107-273 III. Aliens Eligible To...

  7. Maltreatment and Depression in Adolescent Sexual Offenders with an Autism Spectrum Disorder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walters, Jessica Bleil; Hughes, Tammy L.; Sutton, Lawrence R.; Marshall, Stephanie N.; Crothers, Laura M.; Lehman, Cathryn; Paserba, Dave; Talkington, Vanessa; Taormina, Rochelle; Huang, Ann

    2013-01-01

    This study examined the self-reported presence and severity of abuse, neglect, and depressive symptoms for 43 adolescents adjudicated delinquent due to a sexual offense. Twenty-seven of the adolescent sexual offenders were also diagnosed with an autism spectrum disorder, and 16 did not carry an autism spectrum disorder diagnosis. Both groups…

  8. 12 CFR 1202.4 - What information is exempt from disclosure?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... person of a right to fair trial or an impartial adjudication; (iii) Could reasonably be expected to... basis, and, in the case of a record compiled by a criminal law enforcement authority in the course of a criminal investigation or by an agency conducting a lawful national security intelligence...

  9. 44 CFR 5.71 - Categories of records exempt from disclosure under 5 U.S.C. 552.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... enforcement proceedings; (2) Would deprive a person of a right to a fair trial or an impartial adjudication..., and, in the case of a record or information compiled by a criminal law enforcement authority in the course of a criminal investigation, or by an agency conducting a lawful national security...

  10. 36 CFR 1007.2 - Records available.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... enforcement proceedings, (ii) Would deprive a person of a right to a fair or an impartial adjudication, (iii..., and, in the case of a record or information compiled by a criminal law enforcement authority in the course of a criminal investigation, or by an agency conducting a lawful national security...

  11. A toolbox for European judges

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hesselink, M.W.

    2011-01-01

    The forthcoming instrument on European contract law, be it in the shape of an optional code for cross-border contracts or as an official toolbox for the European legislator, is likely to have a spill-over effect on private law adjudication in Europe. Judges will have no great difficulty in finding m

  12. Comparison of zotarolimus-eluting and everolimus-eluting coronary stents

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Serruys, Patrick W; Silber, Sigmund; Garg, Scot

    2010-01-01

    New-generation coronary stents that release zotarolimus or everolimus have been shown to reduce the risk of restenosis. However, it is unclear whether there are differences in efficacy and safety between the two types of stents on the basis of prospectively adjudicated end points endorsed by the ...

  13. 20 CFR 405.30 - Discrimination complaints.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Discrimination complaints. 405.30 Section 405... INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Introduction, General Description, and Definitions § 405.30 Discrimination... that an adjudicator has improperly discriminated against you, you may file a discrimination complaint...

  14. Comparing the AUDIT and 3 Drinking Indices as Predictors of Personal and Social Drinking Problems in Freshman First Offenders

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Hare, Thomas

    2005-01-01

    The current study of 376 college freshman adjudicated the first time for breaking university drinking rules tested the predictive power of four alcohol consumption and problem drinking indices--recent changes in drinking (the Alcohol Change Index: ACI), heavy drinking, binge drinking index, and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)…

  15. 16 CFR 1025.68 - Prohibited communications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... not served on all parties; or (ii) Any oral communication concerning a matter in adjudication which is... oral or written ex parte communication relative to the merits of any proceedings under these Rules is a...) Prohibited oral ex parte communication. (i) If a prohibited oral ex parte communication is made to a...

  16. Disagreements between central clinical events committee and site investigator assessments of myocardial infarction end-points in an international clinical trial: review of the PURSUIT study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K.W. Mahaffey (Kenneth); R.A. Harrington (Robert Alex); N.S. Kleiman (Neal); L.G. Berdan (Lisa); B.S. Crenshaw (Brian); B.E. Tardiff (Barbara); C.B. Granger (Christopher); I. DeJong (Ingrid); M. Bhapkar (Manju); P. Widimsky (Petr); R. Corbalon (Ramón); K.L. Lee (Kerry); J.W. Deckers (Jaap); M.L. Simoons (Maarten); E.J. Topol (Eric); R.M. Califf (Robert); K.M. Akkerhuis (Martijn)

    2001-01-01

    textabstractAbstract: Background Limited information has been published regarding how specific processes for event adjudication can affect event rates in trials. We reviewed nonfatal myocardial infarctions (MIs) reported by site investigators in the international Platelet Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa in

  17. Disagreements between central clinical events committee and site investigator assessments of myocardial infarction end- points in an international clinical trial: Review of the PURSUIT study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    K.W. Mahaffey (Kenneth); R.A. Harrington (Robert Alex); K.M. Akkerhuis (Martijn); N.S. Kleiman (Neal); L.G. Berdan (Lisa); B.S. Crenshaw (Brian); B.E. Tardiff (Barbara); C.B. Granger (Christopher); I. DeJong (Ingrid); M. Bhapkar (Manju); P. Widimsky (Petr); R. Corbalon (Ramón); K.L. Lee (Kerry); J.W. Deckers (Jaap); M.L. Simoons (Maarten); E.J. Topol (Eric); R.M. Califf (Robert)

    2001-01-01

    textabstractBackground. Limited information has been published regarding how specific processes for event adjudication can affect event rates in trials. We reviewed nonfatal myocardial infarctions (MIs) reported by site investigators in the international Platelet Glycoprotein IIb/IIIa in Unstable

  18. 10 CFR 2.4 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... means the Atomic Energy Act of 1954, as amended (68 Stat. 919). Adjudication means the process for the... part, other than rule making. Administrative Law Judge means an individual appointed pursuant to... testimony, argument, or strategy in a proceeding. License means a license, including an early site permit...

  19. 48 CFR 1852.215-84 - Ombudsman.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Ombudsman. 1852.215-84 Section 1852.215-84 Federal Acquisition Regulations System NATIONAL AERONAUTICS AND SPACE ADMINISTRATION... selection process, or the adjudication of formal contract disputes. Therefore, before consulting with...

  20. 32 CFR 732.26 - Standard document numbers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standard document numbers. 732.26 Section 732.26... Document Numbers § 732.26 Standard document numbers. Adjudication authorities will assign to each claim approved for payment, a unique 15 position alpha/numeric standard document number (SDN)....

  1. A Study of the Associations between Conditions of Performance and Characteristics of Performers and New York State Solo Performance Ratings

    Science.gov (United States)

    vonWurmb, Elizabeth C.

    2013-01-01

    This dissertation undertakes an analysis of 1,044 performance evaluations from New York State School Music Association (NYSSMA) Spring Festival solo adjudication ratings of student performers from a large suburban school district. It relies on results of evaluations of observed performances, and takes these evaluations as assessments of what the…

  2. Brief Report: An Examination of the Relationships between Parental Monitoring, Self-Esteem and Delinquency among Mexican American Male Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caldwell, Roslyn M.; Beutler, Larry E.; Ross, Sylvia An; Silver, N. Clayton

    2006-01-01

    The present study examined relationships between parental monitoring (mother and father), self-esteem, and delinquency among 95 adjudicated Mexican American male adolescents who were on probationary status with the juvenile justice system. Consistent with previous literature pertaining to familial processes and delinquency among the general…

  3. The Vicissitudes of The Hermeneutic Paradigm in The Study of Law: Tradition, Forms of Life and Metaphor

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    C. Smith (Carel)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractLegal hermeneutics carries the hallmark of a genuine scientific paradigm. It is the locus of professional commitment, that is, a generally accepted view about the nature of legal adjudication. But as any genuine paradigm, legal hermeneutics also eludes the production of its full interpre

  4. 19 CFR 210.50 - Commission action, the public interest, and bonding by respondents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... INVESTIGATIONS OF UNFAIR PRACTICES IN IMPORT TRADE ADJUDICATION AND ENFORCEMENT Determinations and Actions Taken... the matter under consideration pursuant to paragraph (a)(1) of this section is whether to grant some... under consideration is whether to grant some form of temporary relief, such submissions shall be...

  5. 77 FR 73694 - Privacy Act of 1974: Update Existing System of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-11

    ... institutions on appointment of a recent graduate to a position in the Federal service, and to provide college... administration agency (e.g., State unemployment compensation agencies), when necessary to adjudicate a claim under the retirement, insurance, unemployment, or health benefits programs of the OPM or an agency cited...

  6. 76 FR 32997 - Privacy Act of 1974: Update Existing System of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-07

    ... information to education institutions on appointment of a recent graduate to a position in the Federal service... administration agency (e.g., State unemployment compensation agencies), when necessary to adjudicate a claim under the retirement, insurance, unemployment, or health benefits programs of the OPM or an agency cited...

  7. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Competition Matters Tech@FTC Comment Policy Contests IoT Home Inspector Challenge Robocalls: Humanity Strikes Back DetectaRobo Zapping ... File Documents in Adjudicative Proceedings You are here Home » News & Events » Audio/Video » Anatomy of a Cancer ...

  8. 38 CFR 19.3 - Assignment of proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Assignment of proceedings... Assignment of proceedings. (a) Assignment. The Chairman may assign a proceeding instituted before the Board, including any motion, to an individual Member or to a panel of three or more Members for adjudication...

  9. 77 FR 72141 - Rules of Practice and Procedure for Hearings Before the Office of Administrative Law Judges

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-04

    ... tasked with hearing whistleblower and other workplace retaliation claims, in addition to the occupational... workplace retaliation offer limited guidance about the procedures those adjudications should follow... incomplete or incorrect in some material respect must be supplemented ``in a timely manner.'' Fed. R. Civ. P...

  10. 7 CFR 550.34 - Research misconduct.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Research misconduct. 550.34 Section 550.34 Agriculture... Program Management § 550.34 Research misconduct. (a) The Cooperator bears the primary responsibility for prevention and detection of research misconduct and for the inquiry, investigation and adjudication...

  11. 78 FR 21125 - Findings of Research Misconduct

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-09

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Office of the Secretary Findings of Research Misconduct AGENCY: Office of the Secretary..., Division of Hematology, UW, engaged in research misconduct in research supported by National Cancer... research misconduct based on the UW Faculty Adjudication Hearing Panel decision. The settlement is not...

  12. 20 CFR 405.515 - Application of circuit court law.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Application of circuit court law. 405.515 Section 405.515 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Judicial Review § 405.515 Application of circuit court law. We...

  13. Regional Anesthesia and Valproate Sodium for the Prevention of Chronic Post Amputation Pain

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    outcomes analysis, final adjudication RNA Polymerase transcription factors acetylated histones methylated DNA deacetylated histones Accomplishments...effective for pain, chronic narcotic medications also carry risks of sedation, confusion, and possible addiction. Identifying preventive mechanisms ...unique advantage over other classes of medicines used for neuropathic pain, as this drug actually modifies the epigenetic mechanisms , such as DNA

  14. 20 CFR 416.919q - Conflict of interest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., BLIND, AND DISABLED Determining Disability and Blindness Standards for the Type of Referral and for... consultants are not only those physicians and psychologists who work for us directly but are also those who do review and adjudication work in the State agencies. Physicians and psychologists who work for us...

  15. Patterns of Competence and Adjustment among Adolescents from Authoritative, Authoritarian, Indulgent, and Neglectful Homes: A Replication in a Sample of Serious Juvenile Offenders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinberg, Laurence; Blatt-Eisengart, Ilana; Cauffman, Elizabeth

    2006-01-01

    The correlates of authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent, and neglectful parenting were examined within a sample of 1,355 14- to 18-year-olds adjudicated of serious criminal offenses. The sample is composed primarily of poor, ethnic-minority youth living in impoverished urban neighborhoods. As has been found in community samples, juvenile…

  16. 10 CFR 26.4 - FFD program applicability to categories of individuals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ...) Performs quality assurance, quality control, or quality verification activities related to safety- or...) Adjudicating reviews or appeals of access authorization determinations; (vi) Auditing the access authorization... this part, who do not routinely provide FFD program services to a licensee or other entity in this...

  17. 40 CFR 51.354 - Adequate tools and resources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... assurance, data analysis and reporting, and the holding of hearings and adjudication of cases. A portion of... supply of vehicles for covert auditing, test equipment and facilities for program evaluation, and computers capable of data processing, analysis, and reporting. Equipment or equivalent services may...

  18. 32 CFR 147.1 - Introduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Introduction. 147.1 Section 147.1 National Defense Department of Defense OFFICE OF THE SECRETARY OF DEFENSE PERSONNEL, MILITARY AND CIVILIAN... Introduction. The following adjudicative guidelines are established for all United States Government...

  19. Comparing the AUDIT and 3 Drinking Indices as Predictors of Personal and Social Drinking Problems in Freshman First Offenders

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Hare, Thomas

    2005-01-01

    The current study of 376 college freshman adjudicated the first time for breaking university drinking rules tested the predictive power of four alcohol consumption and problem drinking indices--recent changes in drinking (the Alcohol Change Index: ACI), heavy drinking, binge drinking index, and the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT)…

  20. 8 CFR 1240.68 - Failure to appear at an interview before an asylum officer or failure to follow requirements for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... asylum officer or failure to follow requirements for fingerprinting. 1240.68 Section 1240.68 Aliens and... appear at an interview before an asylum officer or failure to follow requirements for fingerprinting. (a... application or waiver of the right to an adjudication by an asylum officer. A written request to...

  1. 8 CFR 208.9 - Procedure for interview before an asylum officer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Procedure for interview before an asylum... REGULATIONS PROCEDURES FOR ASYLUM AND WITHHOLDING OF REMOVAL Asylum and Withholding of Removal § 208.9 Procedure for interview before an asylum officer. (a) The Service shall adjudicate the claim of each...

  2. 8 CFR 240.68 - Failure to appear at an interview before an asylum officer or failure to follow requirements for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... asylum officer or failure to follow requirements for fingerprinting. 240.68 Section 240.68 Aliens and... Removal Under Section 203 of Pub. L. 105-100 § 240.68 Failure to appear at an interview before an asylum... an adjudication by an asylum officer. A written request to reschedule will be granted if it is...

  3. 12 CFR 747.5 - Authority of the administrative law judge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authority of the administrative law judge. 747... UNIONS ADMINISTRATIVE ACTIONS, ADJUDICATIVE HEARINGS, RULES OF PRACTICE AND PROCEDURE, AND INVESTIGATIONS Uniform Rules of Practice and Procedure § 747.5 Authority of the administrative law judge. (a)...

  4. The Role of the DSM in IDEA Case Law

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zirkel, Perry A.

    2011-01-01

    The school psychologist plays a central role in eligibility and other determinations under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) not only at the school level but also, upon formal disputes, at the successive adjudicative levels of impartial hearing officers and courts. One of the sources of professional confusion that requires…

  5. 7 CFR 1.413 - Submission of a sourcing area application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Submission of a sourcing area application. 1.413... Practice Governing Adjudication of Sourcing Area Applications and Formal Review of Sourcing Areas Pursuant... Submission of a sourcing area application. A sourcing area applicant shall send the application to the Office...

  6. 7 CFR 1.419 - Amendment of a sourcing area application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Amendment of a sourcing area application. 1.419... Practice Governing Adjudication of Sourcing Area Applications and Formal Review of Sourcing Areas Pursuant... Amendment of a sourcing area application. The sourcing area applicant may move to amend the sourcing area...

  7. 78 FR 72146 - Motor Carrier Management Information System (MCMIS) Changes to Improve Uniformity in the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-02

    ... Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration Motor Carrier Management Information System (MCMIS) Changes to... Motor Carrier Management Information System (MCMIS) to allow the Agency to upload the results of... enforcement agency into FMCSA's information systems and the subsequent adjudication happens much later with...

  8. Courts in Quest for Legitimacy: a comparative approach

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.A. Loth (Marc)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractLet me open this paper with a statement. The legitimacy of the judiciary is at risk, in several countries for similar reasons. In my own country – the Netherlands - the whereabouts of the judiciary and adjudication are subject of permanent attention of the public media. A criminal case o

  9. 38 CFR 3.953 - Pub. L. 85-56 and Pub. L. 85-857.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Pub. L. 85-56 and Pub. L... ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation Protection § 3.953 Pub. L. 85-56 and Pub. L. 85-857. (a) In receipt of or entitled to receive benefits on December 31, 1958. Any person...

  10. 10 CFR 2.1200 - Scope of subpart L.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Scope of subpart L. 2.1200 Section 2.1200 Energy NUCLEAR... Hearing Procedures for NRC Adjudications § 2.1200 Scope of subpart L. The provisions of this subpart... and request the application of Subpart L procedures, and proceedings for the direct or indirect...

  11. 34 CFR 21.50 - Standards for awards.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Standards for awards. 21.50 Section 21.50 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education EQUAL ACCESS TO JUSTICE How Are Awards Determined? § 21... in light of the difficulty or complexity of the covered issues in the adversary adjudication. (5) Any...

  12. 75 FR 63161 - Privacy Act of 1974; System of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-14

    ... Intelligence Activities; E.O. 12829, National Industrial Security Program; E.O. 12968, Access to Classified... Intelligence Activities; E.O. 12829, National Industrial Security ] Program; and E.O. 12968, Access to... such investigations. Records documenting the personnel security adjudicative and management process, to...

  13. ABSTRACTS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Ma Xiwu' s trial mode is a model of adjudication in the Shaanxi-Gansu-Ningxia Border Region, resulting from the joint forces of the border region' s specific wartime environment, local environment, the border region' s social transformation and judicial reform as well as many other factors.

  14. 8 CFR 3.0 - Executive Office for Immigration Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Executive Office for Immigration Review 3.0... IMMIGRATION REVIEW § 3.0 Executive Office for Immigration Review Regulations of the Executive Office for Immigration Review relating to the adjudication of immigration matters before immigration judges (referred...

  15. Bad Boys or Poor Parents: Relations to Female Juvenile Delinquency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cauffman, Elizabeth; Farruggia, Susan P.; Goldweber, Asha

    2008-01-01

    This study examined the interrelations between parental relationships, romantic relationships, and antisocial behavior among female and male juvenile delinquents. Participants from a diverse sample of 1,354 adolescents (14-17 years) adjudicated of a serious (i.e. felony) offense were matched based on age, race, and committing offense, yielding a…

  16. Genocidal gender and sexual violence. The legacy of the ICTR, Rwanda's ordinary courts and gacaca courts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kaitesi, U.

    2013-01-01

    This study has set out to investigate the legacy of post-genocide judicial institutions mandated to adjudicate cases of genocide and related offences vis-à-vis genocidal gender and sexual violence. The study takes the complex genocidal experience of victims of gender and sexual violence as the

  17. 15 CFR 921.13 - Management plan and environmental impact statement development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... strategies or actions for meeting the goals and objectives; (2) An administrative plan including staff roles... strategy for establishing adequate long-term state control over these areas sufficient to provide..., regulatory program development including associated enforcement costs, negotiation, adjudication, etc.)...

  18. Writing for Change: Engaging Juveniles through Alternative Literacy Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jacobi, Tobi

    2008-01-01

    Research on incarceration and educational access continues to reveal the stark reality for many adjudicated youth: without access to educational opportunities recidivism is probable. Yet conventional methods of teaching critical reading, writing, and thinking skills are not always successful for juveniles who have found little success (or hope) in…

  19. 78 FR 15541 - Patient Protection and Affordable Care Act; Amendments to the HHS Notice of Benefit and Payment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-11

    ... Costs for the Risk Corridors Program B. Submission of Actual Amounts of Cost-Sharing Reductions IV..., silver, gold, or platinum) through the individual market in the Exchange, and does not allow issuers of... complex than pharmaceutical benefits and often have a longer time lag between submission and adjudication...

  20. The politics of international law and compliance : Serbia, Croatia and The Hague Tribunal

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rajkovic, Nikolas

    2012-01-01

    Leading the debate on the domestic effect of the growing influence of international adjudication, this invaluable text examines Serbia and Croatia's erratic record of compliance with the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY). Since the demise of the Milosevic and Tudjman r

  1. 20 CFR 405.10 - Medical and Vocational Expert System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Medical and Vocational Expert System. 405.10 Section 405.10 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Introduction, General Description, and Definitions § 405.10 Medical and Vocational Expert System. (a) General....

  2. The Relationships of Alcohol, Tobacco, Marijuana, and Other Illegal Drug Use to Delinquency among Mexican-American, Black, and White Adolescent Males.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watts, W. David; Wright, Loyd S.

    1990-01-01

    Examined relationship between drug use and delinquent behavior among 348 high school males and 89 adjudicated delinquent males in maximum-security facility for violent and repeat offenders. Self-reported alcohol, tobacco, marijuana, and other illegal drug use were all significantly related to minor and violent delinquency for all 3 racial groups…

  3. 25 CFR 11.1009 - Summons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Juvenile Offender Procedure § 11.1009 Summons. (a) At least five working days prior to the adjudicatory hearing, the children's court shall issue summons to: (1) The minor; (2) The minor's parents, guardian or custodian; and (3) Any person the children's court or the minor believes necessary for the adjudication of...

  4. 75 FR 81832 - Prevention of Payments to Deceased Persons

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-29

    ... relationship between the Federal government and the States, or on the distribution of power and... benefit of the person who was the subject of the adjudication: (1) The spouse. (2) An adult son, daughter, or grandchild. (3) The mother or father. (4) An adult brother or sister. (5) Such person as may be...

  5. 8 CFR 1208.14 - Approval, denial, referral, or dismissal of application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... in the exercise of discretion to an applicant who qualifies as a refugee under section 101(a)(42) of... discretion, asylum to an applicant who qualifies as a refugee under section 101(a)(42) of the Act, and whose... have waived his or her right to an interview or an adjudication by an asylum officer, the asylum...

  6. 8 CFR 208.14 - Approval, denial, referral, or dismissal of application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... applicant who qualifies as a refugee under section 101(a)(42) of the Act. (b) Approval by an asylum officer... an applicant who qualifies as a refugee under section 101(a)(42) of the Act, and whose identity has... his or her right to an interview or an adjudication by an asylum officer, the asylum officer shall...

  7. Practising virtue: inside international arbitration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Caron, D.D.; Schill, S.W.; Smutny, A.C.; Triantafilou, E.E.

    2015-01-01

    International arbitration has developed into a global system of adjudication, dealing with disputes arising from a variety of legal relationships: between states, between private commercial actors, and between private and public entities. It operates to a large extent according to its own rules and

  8. Academic Library Administration: A Case Examination of Faculty-Librarian Perceptions of Journal Cancellations and the Decision-Making Process in a Large, Urban Institution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walther, James Harmon

    As the academic library plays the roles of intermediary and adjudicator of collection purchases and cancellations, faculty involvement in library resource decisions is not only commonplace, but essential to making such decisions. Faculty involvement in cancellation projects is often enhanced by a thorough explanation of the depth of financial…

  9. 49 CFR 1016.309 - Agency review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Agency review. 1016.309 Section 1016.309... Agency review. In the event the adjudicative officer is not the entire Board, the applicant or agency counsel may seek review of the initial decision on the fee application, or the Board may review...

  10. 42 CFR 431.970 - Information submission requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Section 431.970 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN... for Estimating Improper Payments in Medicaid and CHIP § 431.970 Information submission requirements... payments in Medicaid and CHIP, that include but are not limited to— (1) Adjudicated fee-for-service (FFS...

  11. 12 CFR 747.607 - Statement of net worth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Statement of net worth. 747.607 Section 747.607... Justice Act in NCUA Board Adjudications § 747.607 Statement of net worth. (a) Each applicant (other than a... net worth of the applicant and any affiliates, as defined in § 747.602(a), when the proceeding...

  12. 29 CFR 2700.4 - Parties, intervenors, and amici curiae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., is a party. In a proceeding instituted by the Secretary under section 105(c)(2) of the Act, 30 U.S.C... miner who has filed a complaint with the Commission under section 105(c)(3) or 111 of the Act, 30 U.S.C... intervention will not unduly delay or prejudice the adjudication of the issues. (ii) Such intervention is not...

  13. 14 CFR 406.113 - Filing documents with the Docket Management System (DMS) and sending documents to the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Management System (DMS) and sending documents to the administrative law judge and Assistant Chief Counsel for Litigation. (a) The Federal Docket Management System (FDMS). (1) Documents filed in a civil penalty adjudication are kept in the Federal Docket Management System (FDMS), except for documents that contain...

  14. Honor Codes: Evidence Based Strategies for Improving Academic Integrity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tatum, Holly; Schwartz, Beth M.

    2017-01-01

    Although there is evidence of cheating at all levels of education, institutions often do not implement or design integrity policies, such as honor codes, to prevent and adjudicate academic dishonesty. Further, faculty members rarely discuss academic integrity expectations or policies with their students. When cheating does occur, faculty members…

  15. Evaluation of a Single-Session Brief Motivational Enhancement Intervention for Partner Abusive Men

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crane, Cory A.; Eckhardt, Christopher I.

    2013-01-01

    The current study evaluated the efficacy of a single-session brief motivational enhancement (BME) interview to increase treatment compliance and reduce recidivism rates in a sample of 82 recently adjudicated male perpetrators of intimate partner violence (IPV). Batterer intervention program attendance and completion as well as re-arrest records…

  16. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Competition Matters Tech@FTC Comment Policy Contests IoT Home Inspector Challenge Robocalls: Humanity Strikes Back DetectaRobo Zapping ... File Documents in Adjudicative Proceedings You are here Home » News & Events » Audio/Video » Anatomy of a Cancer ...

  17. 28 CFR 90.102 - What are the purposes of the grant program?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... WOMEN Grants To Combat Violent Crimes Against Women on Campuses § 90.102 What are the purposes of the..., investigation, and adjudication of persons committing violent crimes against women on campus; (b) To train... judicial boards to more effectively identify and respond to violent crimes against women on...

  18. 28 CFR 90.52 - Eligible purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., prosecution, and adjudication of persons committing violent crimes against women. (b) Grants may be used, by... officers and prosecutors to identify and respond more effectively to violent crimes against women... of law enforcement officers and prosecutors specifically targeting violent crimes against...

  19. 17 CFR 145.5 - Disclosure of nonpublic records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... files and similar files the disclosure of which would constitute a clearly unwarranted invasion of... may be protected are an individual's home address and telephone number, social security number, date... impartial adjudication; (3) Could reasonably be expected to constitute an unwarranted invasion of...

  20. 75 FR 28307 - Privacy Act of 1974: Update and Amend System of Records

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-20

    ... records; information on loyalty to the United States; and other agency reports furnished to OPM in.... c. Correspondence relating to adjudication matters and results of suitability decisions in cases..., Social Security Number, unique case serial number and/or other unique identifier of the individual on...

  1. 49 CFR 511.55 - Final decision on appeal or review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Final decision on appeal or review. 511.55 Section 511.55 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) NATIONAL HIGHWAY TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ADJUDICATIVE PROCEDURES Decision § 511.55...

  2. Practising virtue: inside international arbitration

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    D.D. Caron; S.W. Schill; A.C. Smutny; E.E. Triantafilou

    2015-01-01

    International arbitration has developed into a global system of adjudication, dealing with disputes arising from a variety of legal relationships: between states, between private commercial actors, and between private and public entities. It operates to a large extent according to its own rules and

  3. 32 CFR 147.8 - Guideline F-Financial considerations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Guideline F-Financial considerations. 147.8... INFORMATION Adjudication § 147.8 Guideline F—Financial considerations. (a) The concern. An individual who is... raise a security concern and may be disqualifying include: (1) A history of not meeting financial...

  4. 77 FR 19901 - Provisional Unlawful Presence Waivers of Inadmissibility for Certain Immediate Relatives

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-02

    ... process, often causing U.S. citizens to be separated for extended periods from their immediate relatives... Under the current system, the entire waiver adjudication process occurs while the immediate relative... with an immediate relative immigrant visa application.\\3\\ The notice explained the proposed process...

  5. Sight-Singing: Ten Years of Published Research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuehne, Jane M.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this article was to review published research on sight-singing from the past 10 years, 1998-2008. Several authors published research in various areas in sight-singing. These included festival availability and participation, time use in sight-singing adjudication, method and materials, strategies of successful students, assessing…

  6. 78 FR 11133 - Notice of Public Meetings of Committees of the Administrative Conference of the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-15

    ... on the Conference's Web site ( www.acus.gov ). ADDRESSES: The meetings will be held at 1120 20th... (Committee on Adjudication), awilliams@acus.gov ; Stephanie Tatham (Committee on Judicial Review), statham@acus.gov ; Reeve Bull (Committee on Regulation), rbull@acus.gov ; or Emily Bremer (Committee...

  7. 20 CFR 405.705 - When the expedited appeals process may be used.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... an initial determination and a decision by a Federal reviewing official, but an administrative law... used. 405.705 Section 405.705 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Expedited Appeals Process for Constitutional Issues...

  8. 20 CFR 405.710 - How to request an expedited appeal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... before you receive notice of the administrative law judge's decision. (b) Place for filing request. You... Section 405.710 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Expedited Appeals Process for Constitutional Issues § 405.710 How to...

  9. 20 CFR 405.701 - Expedited appeals process-general.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Section 405.701 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Expedited Appeals Process for Constitutional Issues § 405.701 Expedited... findings of fact and our application and interpretation of the controlling law, but you believe that a part...

  10. 20 CFR 405.715 - Agreement in expedited appeals process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ....715 Section 405.715 Employees' Benefits SOCIAL SECURITY ADMINISTRATION ADMINISTRATIVE REVIEW PROCESS FOR ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Expedited Appeals Process for Constitutional Issues § 405... unconstitutional, you agree with our interpretation of the law; (d) If the provision of the Act that you believe is...

  11. The Effects of a Self-Management Procedure on the On-Task Behavior, Academic Productivity, and Academic Accuracy of Female Students with Disabilities in a Juvenile Correctional High School Setting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caldwell, Stacy Lynette

    2010-01-01

    Students served in juvenile correctional school settings often arrive with histories of trauma, aversive educational experiences, low achievement, and other severe risk factors that impeded psychosocial development, educational progress, and occupational outcomes. Schools serving adjudicated youth must address a higher percentage of severe…

  12. Robo-Judge Meets Elastic Man

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lookofsky, Joseph

    2014-01-01

    Should the comparative study of law focus on similarities or differences? As regards the exercise of jurisdiction to adjudicate transborder contract disputes, the author uses concrete, case-based examples to compare the jurisdictional rules applied by courts in Europe with those applied in the Un...

  13. 8 CFR 245a.19 - Interviews.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Interviews. 245a.19 Section 245a.19 Aliens... Interviews. (a) All aliens filing applications for adjustment of status with the Service under this section must be personally interviewed, except that the adjudicative interview may be waived for a child...

  14. Student Conduct Administration: How Students Perceive the Educational Value and Procedural Fairness of Their Disciplinary Experiences

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Rachel Heafitz

    2012-01-01

    For this study, 1,884 adjudicated college students provided their impressions of the educational value and procedural fairness of their disciplinary experiences. Results indicated that a strong correlation exists between perceived fairness and educational value. Differences in students' perceptions emerged in regards to age, gender, and GPA, among…

  15. 32 CFR 147.11 - Guideline I-Emotional, mental, and personality disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... CLASSIFIED INFORMATION Adjudication § 147.11 Guideline I—Emotional, mental, and personality disorders. (a) The concern: Emotional, mental, and personality disorders can cause a significant deficit in an... professional that an individual's previous emotional, mental, or personality disorder is cured, under...

  16. 5 CFR 9701.706 - MSPB appellate procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... is based on a finding of discrimination prohibited under 5 U.S.C. 2302(b)(1), the payment of... discipline in the workplace, an arbitrator, adjudicating official, or MSPB may not modify the penalty imposed... allegations of discrimination, judicial review of any final MSPB order or decision is as prescribed under 5...

  17. 20 CFR 404.1513 - Medical and other evidence of your impairment(s).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... in a school setting, for purposes of establishing mental retardation, learning disabilities, and... results of physical or mental status examinations); (3) Laboratory findings (such as blood pressure, x..., administrative law judge, and Decision Review Board levels in claims adjudicated under the procedures in part 405...

  18. 20 CFR 416.913 - Medical and other evidence of your impairment(s).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... in a school setting, for purposes of establishing mental retardation, learning disabilities, and... mental status examinations); (3) Laboratory findings (such as blood pressure, X-rays); (4) Diagnosis... Review Board levels in claims adjudicated under the procedures in part 405 of this chapter, we will...

  19. 20 CFR 405.20 - Good cause for extending deadlines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Good cause for extending deadlines. 405.20... ADJUDICATING INITIAL DISABILITY CLAIMS Introduction, General Description, and Definitions § 405.20 Good cause... review under §§ 405.501-.505, you must establish that there is good cause for missing the deadline....

  20. The Role of the DSM in IDEA Case Law

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zirkel, Perry A.

    2011-01-01

    The school psychologist plays a central role in eligibility and other determinations under the Individuals with Disabilities Education Act (IDEA) not only at the school level but also, upon formal disputes, at the successive adjudicative levels of impartial hearing officers and courts. One of the sources of professional confusion that requires…

  1. Hedgehogs in Luxembourg? A Dworkinian reading of the CJEU's case law on principles of private law and some doubts of the fox

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mak, C.

    2012-01-01

    To what extent can the case law of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) in the field of European private law be understood and explained on the basis of a theoretical model of adjudication that defends the unity and objectivity of value? In light of Ronald Dworkin's theory of adjudicati

  2. Relating ACT-R buffer activation to EEG activity during an attentional blink task

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Vugt, M. K.; Rußwinkel, N.; Drewitz, U.; van Rijn, H.

    2012-01-01

    While a clear relation has been established between ACT-R and activity in fMRI, little is known about whether ACT-R has also correlates in EEG activity. Because of its superior temporal resolution compared to fMRI, EEG could potentially be used to adjudicate between model versions that differ in tim

  3. Evaluating Models of Working Memory through the Effects of Concurrent Irrelevant Information

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chein, Jason M.; Fiez, Julie A.

    2010-01-01

    Working memory is believed to play a central role in almost all domains of higher cognition, yet the specific mechanisms involved in working memory are still fiercely debated. We describe a neuroimaging experiment with functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) and a companion behavioral experiment, and in both we seek to adjudicate between…

  4. 38 CFR 3.274 - Relationship of net worth to pension entitlement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Relationship of net worth to pension entitlement. 3.274 Section 3.274 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation Regulations...

  5. 38 CFR 3.460 - Death pension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Death pension. 3.460 Section 3.460 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation Apportionments § 3.460 Death pension. Death pension...

  6. 38 CFR 3.803 - Naval pension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Naval pension. 3.803 Section 3.803 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation Special Benefits § 3.803 Naval pension. (a) Payment of...

  7. 38 CFR 3.713 - Effective dates of improved pension elections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Effective dates of improved pension elections. 3.713 Section 3.713 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation Concurrent...

  8. 38 CFR 3.453 - Veterans compensation or service pension or retirement pay.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Veterans compensation or service pension or retirement pay. 3.453 Section 3.453 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation...

  9. 38 CFR 3.711 - Improved pension elections.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Improved pension elections. 3.711 Section 3.711 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation Concurrent Benefits and Elections...

  10. 38 CFR 3.378 - Changes from activity in pulmonary tuberculosis pension cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Changes from activity in pulmonary tuberculosis pension cases. 3.378 Section 3.378 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation...

  11. 38 CFR 3.701 - Elections of pension or compensation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Elections of pension or compensation. 3.701 Section 3.701 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation Concurrent Benefits and Elections...

  12. 38 CFR 3.351 - Special monthly dependency and indemnity compensation, death compensation, pension and spouse's...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Special monthly dependency and indemnity compensation, death compensation, pension and spouse's compensation ratings. 3.351 Section 3.351 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension...

  13. 38 CFR 3.28 - Automatic adjustment of section 306 and old-law pension income limitations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Automatic adjustment of section 306 and old-law pension income limitations. 3.28 Section 3.28 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity...

  14. 38 CFR 3.314 - Basic pension determinations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Basic pension determinations. 3.314 Section 3.314 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation Ratings and Evaluations; Service...

  15. 38 CFR 3.3 - Pension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Pension. 3.3 Section 3.3 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation General § 3.3 Pension. (a) Pension for veterans—(1) Service...

  16. 38 CFR 3.30 - Frequency of payment of improved pension and parents' dependency and indemnity compensation (DIC).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Frequency of payment of improved pension and parents' dependency and indemnity compensation (DIC). 3.30 Section 3.30 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and...

  17. 38 CFR 3.24 - Improved pension rates-Surviving children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Improved pension rates-Surviving children. 3.24 Section 3.24 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation General § 3.24 Improved pension...

  18. 38 CFR 3.16 - Service pension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Service pension. 3.16 Section 3.16 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation General § 3.16 Service pension. In computing the 70 or...

  19. 38 CFR 3.454 - Veterans disability pension.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Veterans disability pension. 3.454 Section 3.454 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation Apportionments § 3.454 Veterans...

  20. 38 CFR 3.714 - Improved pension elections-public assistance beneficiaries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Improved pension elections-public assistance beneficiaries. 3.714 Section 3.714 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation...

  1. 38 CFR 3.26 - Section 306 and old-law pension annual income limitations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Section 306 and old-law pension annual income limitations. 3.26 Section 3.26 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation General § 3...

  2. 38 CFR 3.960 - Section 306 and old-law pension protection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Section 306 and old-law pension protection. 3.960 Section 3.960 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation Protection § 3.960...

  3. 77 FR 19455 - Regulations Implementing the Byrd Amendments to the Black Lung Benefits Act: Determining Coal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-30

    .... USI Film Prod., 511 U.S. 244, 266-270 (1994). Because the ACA expressly requires retroactive... they merely provide historical information and are not relevant to the adjudication of any current... editorial changes made to update the regulation and eliminate information only of historical interest....

  4. Rhetoric, Possessive Individualism, and Beyond.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurlbert, C. Mark

    1988-01-01

    Traces the influence of late-capitalist political ideology on the rhetoric which formed the process/product distinction; notes their sharing of an ideology of "possessive individualism." Reveals "social individualism" as an emerging ideology which may adjudicate the disparity between the ideals of process pedagogy and its…

  5. 20 CFR 410.490 - Interim adjudicatory rules for certain part B claims filed by a miner before July 1, 1973, or by...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... AND SAFETY ACT OF 1969, TITLE IV-BLACK LUNG BENEFITS (1969- ) Total Disability or Death Due to... the Black Lung Act of 1972, the Congress noted that adjudication of the large backlog of claims... pneumoconiosis, or to have been totally disabled due to pneumoconiosis at the time of his death, or his...

  6. Fundamental rights and the European regulation of iConsumer contracts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mak, C.

    2008-01-01

    This paper addresses the question of how fundamental rights affect European legislation and adjudication on contracts regarding digital information services (iConsumer contracts). Fundamental rights may be seen as representing political choices for the protection of certain values in society, but at

  7. 10 CFR 2.1210 - Initial decision and its effect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Initial decision and its effect. 2.1210 Section 2.1210... ORDERS Informal Hearing Procedures for NRC Adjudications § 2.1210 Initial decision and its effect. (a... Commission review in accordance with § 2.1212; (2) The Commission, in its discretion, determines that...

  8. 10 CFR 2.713 - Initial decision and its effect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Initial decision and its effect. 2.713 Section 2.713... ORDERS Rules for Formal Adjudications § 2.713 Initial decision and its effect. (a) After hearing, the... forty (40) days after its date unless any party petitions for Commission review in accordance with §...

  9. 32 CFR 732.18 - Notification of illness or injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... non-Federal sources. The message will also request forwarding of the member's service and medical... NONNAVAL MEDICAL AND DENTAL CARE Medical and Dental Care From Nonnaval Sources § 732.18 Notification of... adjudication authority serving the area of the source of care (§ 732.20). This notification is in addition...

  10. Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... For Consumers For Military Consumers Business Center Advertising & Marketing Credit & Finance Guidance Privacy & Security Selected Industries Legal ... in Adjudicative Proceedings You are here Home » News & Events » Audio/Video » Anatomy of a Cancer Treatment Scam ...

  11. Financial Instability: Suicide’s Weapon of Choice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    children fulfill the American dream . Similar occurrences reported by local and national news agencies identified financial stress as a leading...enlisted and NCOs. Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) (Food Stamps) Increasing enrollments and utilization of food stamps at military...a pattern of living beyond financial means.76 The adjudicating guidelines for determining eligibility and access to classified information

  12. 78 FR 53429 - Response Systems to Adult Sexual Assault Crimes Panel (Response Systems Panel); Notice of Federal...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-29

    ... of the Secretary Response Systems to Adult Sexual Assault Crimes Panel (Response Systems Panel... Floor, Washington, DC 20001. DATES: A meeting of the Response Systems to Adult Sexual Assault Crimes... and assessment of the systems used to investigate, prosecute, and adjudicate crimes involving...

  13. The Role of Measurement Quality on Practical Guidelines for Assessing Measurement and Structural Invariance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kang, Yoonjeong; McNeish, Daniel M.; Hancock, Gregory R.

    2016-01-01

    Although differences in goodness-of-fit indices (?GOFs) have been advocated for assessing measurement invariance, studies that advanced recommended differential cutoffs for adjudicating invariance actually utilized a very limited range of values representing the quality of indicator variables (i.e., magnitude of loadings). Because quality of…

  14. Genocidal gender and sexual violence. The legacy of the ICTR, Rwanda's ordinary courts and gacaca courts

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kaitesi, U.

    2013-01-01

    This study has set out to investigate the legacy of post-genocide judicial institutions mandated to adjudicate cases of genocide and related offences vis-à-vis genocidal gender and sexual violence. The study takes the complex genocidal experience of victims of gender and sexual violence as the backg

  15. 42 CFR 93.519 - Admissibility of evidence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Rules of Evidence (FRE). However, the ALJ may apply the FRE where appropriate (e.g., to exclude... undue delay or needless presentation of cumulative evidence under FRE 401-403. (d) The ALJ must exclude... permitted under FRE 201 (Judicial Notice of Adjudicative Facts). (1) The ALJ may take judicial notice of...

  16. Comparison of zotarolimus-eluting and everolimus-eluting coronary stents

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Serruys, Patrick W; Silber, Sigmund; Garg, Scot;

    2010-01-01

    New-generation coronary stents that release zotarolimus or everolimus have been shown to reduce the risk of restenosis. However, it is unclear whether there are differences in efficacy and safety between the two types of stents on the basis of prospectively adjudicated end points endorsed...

  17. 76 FR 60922 - Kimberly Maloney, N.P.; Decision and Order

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-30

    ... adjudication pursuant to the Administrative Procedure Act (APA), 5 U.S.C. 551 et seq., to determine whether the... take official notice. (See Gov't Br. at Gov't Ex. 17.) Under the APA, an agency ``may take official..., Attorney General's Manual on the Administrative Procedure Act 80 (1947) (Wm. W. Gaunt & Sons, Inc., Reprint...

  18. 16 CFR 1025.1 - Scope of rules.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE... (c), (d), and (f) and 17(b) of the Consumer Product Safety Act (15 U.S.C. 2064 (c), (d), (f); 2066(b... the assessment of civil penalties under section 20(a) of the Consumer Product Safety Act (15...

  19. 32 CFR 776.31 - Former judge or arbitrator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Former judge or arbitrator. 776.31 Section 776... Rules of Professional Conduct § 776.31 Former judge or arbitrator. (a) Former judge or arbitrator: (1... substantially as a judge or other adjudicative officer, arbitrator, or law clerk to such a person, unless...

  20. 38 CFR 3.29 - Rounding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Rounding. 3.29 Section 3.29 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension, Compensation, and Dependency and Indemnity Compensation General § 3.29 Rounding. (a) Annual rates. Where...

  1. 38 CFR 3.273 - Rate computation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Rate computation. 3.273 Section 3.273 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension... of rates due to changes in the maximum annual pension rate or rate of income following the...

  2. 38 CFR 3.21 - Monetary rates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 38 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Monetary rates. 3.21 Section 3.21 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT OF VETERANS AFFAIRS ADJUDICATION Pension... (title 38, Code of Federal Regulations). The maximum annual rates of improved pension payable under...

  3. 19 CFR 210.67 - Remedy, the public interest, and bonding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Remedy, the public interest, and bonding. 210.67... PRACTICES IN IMPORT TRADE ADJUDICATION AND ENFORCEMENT Temporary Relief § 210.67 Remedy, the public interest... appropriate form of temporary relief, whether the public interest factors enumerated in the statute...

  4. Growing Past Childhood Trauma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Waln K.

    2011-01-01

    Nearly half a century ago, a star-crossed adolescent found himself at an important crossroads. Just five months shy of his eighteenth birthday and newly released from an 18-month court commitment to the Pennsylvania George Junior Republic School for Boys (Brown, 1983), a congregate facility for court-adjudicated delinquents and foster youth, he…

  5. 42 CFR 405.1120 - Filing briefs with the MAC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Filing briefs with the MAC. 405.1120 Section 405....1120 Filing briefs with the MAC. Upon request, the MAC will give the party requesting review, as well... ending with the date the brief is received by the MAC will not be counted toward the adjudication...

  6. 28 CFR 902.4 - Action by Council Chairman.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Action by Council Chairman. 902.4 Section 902.4 Judicial Administration NATIONAL CRIME PREVENTION AND PRIVACY COMPACT COUNCIL DISPUTE ADJUDICATION PROCEDURES § 902.4 Action by Council Chairman. (a) The Chairman shall communicate the decision...

  7. 28 CFR 902.2 - Raising disputes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Raising disputes. 902.2 Section 902.2 Judicial Administration NATIONAL CRIME PREVENTION AND PRIVACY COMPACT COUNCIL DISPUTE ADJUDICATION PROCEDURES § 902.2 Raising disputes. (a) Cognizable disputes may be based upon: (1) A claim that the...

  8. 28 CFR 902.5 - Hearing procedures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Hearing procedures. 902.5 Section 902.5 Judicial Administration NATIONAL CRIME PREVENTION AND PRIVACY COMPACT COUNCIL DISPUTE ADJUDICATION...)(1) of the Compact. (b) The Council Chairman or his/her designee shall preside over the hearing...

  9. 28 CFR 902.7 - Court action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Court action. 902.7 Section 902.7 Judicial Administration NATIONAL CRIME PREVENTION AND PRIVACY COMPACT COUNCIL DISPUTE ADJUDICATION PROCEDURES § 902.7 Court action. Pursuant to Section (c) of Article XI of the Compact, a decision by...

  10. 32 CFR 147.4 - Guideline B-Foreign influence.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Guideline B-Foreign influence. 147.4 Section 147... Adjudication § 147.4 Guideline B—Foreign influence. (a) The concern. A security risk may exist when an... affection, influence, or obligation are not citizens of the Untied States or may be subject to duress....

  11. 29 CFR 2700.1 - Scope; applicability of other rules; construction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 9 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Scope; applicability of other rules; construction. 2700.1... COMMISSION PROCEDURAL RULES General Provisions § 2700.1 Scope; applicability of other rules; construction. (a... adjudicative agency that provides administrative trial and appellate review of legal disputes arising under the...

  12. Report of the Ethics Committee, 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2010

    2010-01-01

    In accordance with the bylaws of the American Psychological Association (APA), the Ethics Committee reports regularly to the membership regarding the number and types of ethics complaints investigated and the major programs undertaken. This article is a summary of the talks and workshops of 2009, ethics adjudication, ethics education and…

  13. 75 FR 16712 - Waybill Data Released in Three-Benchmark Rail Rate Proceedings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-02

    ... TRANSPORTATION Surface Transportation Board 49 CFR Part 1244 Waybill Data Released in Three-Benchmark Rail Rate... Board proposes to amend its rules with respect to the Three-Benchmark methodology used to adjudicate... simplified stand-alone cost approach for medium-size rail rate disputes and revising its...

  14. 75 FR 17622 - Equal Access to Justice Act Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-07

    ...., Washington, DC 20552. The telephone number for the Telecommunications Device for the Deaf is (800) 877-8339... adjudication, without regard to whether the official is designated as a hearing examiner, administrative law... Justice Act in light of the actual relationship between the affiliated entities to consider them to...

  15. 29 CFR 1902.37 - Factors for determination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... State issues citations, proposed penalties and notices for failure to abate in a timely manner. (12) The... adverse adjudications. This factor also addresses whether the State has taken the appropriate and... STATE PLANS FOR THE DEVELOPMENT AND ENFORCEMENT OF STATE STANDARDS Procedures for Determinations...

  16. 49 CFR 511.35 - Testimony upon oral examination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... TRAFFIC SAFETY ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ADJUDICATIVE PROCEDURES Discovery; Compulsory... promptly file the transcript with the Docket Section. The Presiding Officer shall notify all parties of the... circumstances exist as to make it desirable, in the interest of justice and with due regard to the importance...

  17. 房屋拆迁中虚假离婚的法律规制——以传统观念与法治进程之冲突为视角%The Legal Regulation on False Diverse from the Demolition and Removal of Houses——From the Perspective of the Conflict between Traditional Culture and the Process of Modern Rule of Law

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王春霞

    2012-01-01

    虚假离婚诉讼的愈演愈烈,损害了司法权威和司法公正。由于法律规则的模糊性和虚假离婚诉讼的隐蔽性,识别与防范房屋拆迁中的虚假离婚是困扰理论界和实务界的难点问题。规则之下的司法裁量是处理虚假离婚诉讼的基本思路。规范司法裁量的适用,可以给民众确定的预期与指引。%The false divorce lawsuit is gathering momentum,which does damage to Adjudication authority and Adjudication justice.Identifying and keeping away the false diverse from the demolition and removal of houses is a difficult problem both for the academic and industrial filed due to the vagueness of law rule and the concealment of false divorce lawsuits.The basic idea for dealing with false divorce lawsuits is adjudication in the Rule.The application of adjudication in the rule will bring people accurate expectation and guidance;it will set dissension with right and obligation as the judgment standard on marriage relationship.Improve such rules and mechanisms as mediation,evidence,assessing responsibility,information linkage.

  18. 20 CFR 702.318 - The record; what constitutes; nontransferability of the administrative file.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...; nontransferability of the administrative file. 702.318 Section 702.318 Employees' Benefits EMPLOYMENT STANDARDS ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR LONGSHOREMEN'S AND HARBOR WORKERS' COMPENSATION ACT AND RELATED STATUTES ADMINISTRATION AND PROCEDURE Adjudication Procedures Action by District Directors § 702.318 The record;...

  19. 20 CFR 667.840 - Is there an alternative dispute resolution process that may be used in place of an OALJ hearing?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Is there an alternative dispute resolution... WORKFORCE INVESTMENT ACT Administrative Adjudication and Judicial Review § 667.840 Is there an alternative dispute resolution process that may be used in place of an OALJ hearing? (a) Parties to a complaint...

  20. Judging the Judges: An Analysis of Ballots in Impromptu and Extemporaneous Speaking.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cronn-Mills, Daniel; Croucher, Stephen M.

    The goal of forensics is to teach students the complexity and impact of communication on the human condition. The ballot is the key to the educational process within the competitive realm of forensics. The judge is both an adjudicator and a teacher within each round, and, therefore, ballots should provide students with comments indicating reasons…

  1. "Deterrability" among Gang and Nongang Juvenile Offenders: Are Gang Members More (or Less) Deterrable than Other Juvenile Offenders?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maxson, Cheryl L.; Matsuda, Kristy N.; Hennigan, Karen

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates the effect of the threat of legal sanctions on intentions to commit three types of offenses with a representative sample of 744 officially adjudicated youth with varying histories of offenses and gang involvement. In a departure from previous research, the authors find small severity effects for property crimes that are not…

  2. 75 FR 54496 - Diseases Associated With Exposure to Certain Herbicide Agents (Hairy Cell Leukemia and Other...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-08

    ... AFFAIRS 38 CFR Part 3 RIN 2900-AN54 Diseases Associated With Exposure to Certain Herbicide Agents (Hairy Cell Leukemia and Other Chronic B-Cell Leukemias, Parkinson's Disease and Ischemic Heart Disease... adjudication regulations concerning the presumptive service connection for certain diseases based upon the...

  3. Land grants and the U.S. Forest Service

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carol Raish; Alice M. McSweeney

    2008-01-01

    The U.S. Forest Service (Forest Service) has a long, shared history with the land grants of northern New Mexico. During the land grant adjudication process after U.S. conquest, much common land from both Spanish and Mexican land grants was declared public domain, eventually becoming part of the northern and central New Mexico National Forests. These forests were...

  4. 16 CFR 1025.62 - Authority for representation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Authority for representation. 1025.62 Section 1025.62 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION GENERAL RULES OF PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE PROCEEDINGS Appearances, Standards of Conduct § 1025.62 Authority for representation. Any...

  5. 77 FR 57589 - Certain Integrated Circuits, Chipsets, and Products Containing Same Including Televisions...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-18

    ... COMMISSION Certain Integrated Circuits, Chipsets, and Products Containing Same Including Televisions... found that those Zoran products that were adjudicated in Integrated Circuits I are precluded under the... recommended a limited exclusion order barring entry of Zoran's and MediaTek's infringing integrated...

  6. 8 CFR 240.64 - Eligibility-general.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... applicant were deported or removed from the United States. In making such a determination, the adjudicator... extreme hardship if the applicant were deported or removed from the United States. (4) Effect of rebuttal... relative would suffer extreme hardship if the applicant were deported or removed from the United...

  7. Genetic Algorithms, Neural Networks, and Time Effectiveness Algorithm Based Air Combat Intelligence Simulation System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾宪钊; 成冀; 安欣; 方礼明

    2002-01-01

    This paper introduces a new Air Combat Intelligence Simulation System (ACISS) in a 32 versus 32 air combat, describes three methods: Genetic Algorithms (GA) in the multi-targeting decision and Evading Missile Rule Base learning, Neural Networks (NN) in the maneuvering decision, and Time Effectiveness Algorithm (TEA) in the adjudicating an air combat and the evaluating evading missile effectiveness.

  8. 49 CFR 1572.109 - Mental capacity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 9 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Mental capacity. 1572.109 Section 1572.109... ASSESSMENTS Standards for Security Threat Assessments § 1572.109 Mental capacity. (a) An applicant has mental incapacity, if he or she has been— (1) Adjudicated as lacking mental capacity; or (2) Committed to a...

  9. 49 CFR 511.45 - In camera materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... excluded from the public record. Pursuant to 49 CFR part 512, the Chief Counsel of the NHTSA is responsible... 49 Transportation 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false In camera materials. 511.45 Section 511.45... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION ADJUDICATIVE PROCEDURES Hearings § 511.45 In camera materials....

  10. 75 FR 41254 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc.; Order Approving a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-15

    ... reported customer complaint, arbitration or litigation is less than ten years old; and (iii) the person has... are customer complaints that were reported on a uniform registration form that are more than two years old and that have not been settled or adjudicated and customer complaints, arbitrations,...

  11. 32 CFR 842.133 - Claims by customers, members, participants, or authorized users.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... by customers, members, participants, or authorized users. (a) Customer complaints. Do not automatically adjudicate customer complaint claims until a determination is made that a valid claim exists. Complaints and personal property losses suffered by customers of MWR sales or service operations are...

  12. Legal Dispositions and Confinement Policies for Delinquent Youth. State Legislative Report, Vol 13, No. 23.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Conference of State Legislatures, Denver, CO.

    This report explores current state laws regarding dispositional options for adjudicated delinquents; examines decision-making responsibility for placement, sentence length and discharge within state juvenile justice systems; and highlights some of the more innovative state approaches in juvenile justice dispositions and sentencing practices. Data…

  13. Argentina Imp Anti-dumping Duties on Tires from China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    On June 22, Argentina made the final anti-dumping adjudication once tires from China; on July 6, the Argentina authorities released the No. 221 resolution in 2011 issued by the Ministry of Industry: Impose 23% anti-dumping duties off estate car tires, 10% on the tires of machinery or vehicles used for agriculture and forestation,

  14. Water resources of the Milford area, Utah, with emphasis on ground water

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mower, R.W.; Cordova, R.M.

    1974-01-01

    The investigation of the water resources of the Milford area was made as part of a cooperative program with the Utah Department of Natural Resources, Division of Water Rights, to investigate the water resources of the State. The primary purpose of this report is to provide basic hydrologic information needed for the effective administration and adjudication of water rights in the valley.

  15. Report of the Ethics Committee, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2011

    2011-01-01

    In accordance with the bylaws of the American Psychological Association (APA), the Ethics Committee reports regularly to the membership regarding the number and types of ethics matters investigated and the major programs undertaken. In 2010, ethics adjudication, ethics education and consultation, and special projects were activities of the Ethics…

  16. Report of the Ethics Committee, 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    American Psychologist, 2009

    2009-01-01

    In accordance with the bylaws of the American Psychological Association (APA), the Ethics Committee reports regularly to the membership regarding the number and types of ethics complaints investigated and the major programs undertaken. In 2008, ethics adjudication, ethics education and consultation, convention programs, ethics publications,…

  17. 7 CFR 15f.11 - Where must I file a hearing request and what happens to it?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Where must I file a hearing request and what happens to it? 15f.11 Section 15f.11 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADJUDICATIONS UNDER... must I file a hearing request and what happens to it? If you desire a hearing, you must file a...

  18. The politics of international law and compliance : Serbia, Croatia and The Hague Tribunal

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rajkovic, Nikolas

    2012-01-01

    Leading the debate on the domestic effect of the growing influence of international adjudication, this invaluable text examines Serbia and Croatia's erratic record of compliance with the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY). Since the demise of the Milosevic and Tudjman r

  19. 77 FR 54905 - Request for Substantive Comments on the EAC's Proposed Requirements for Version 1.1 of the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-06

    ... common data format for voting systems. Changes to VVSG 1.1 Since the Initial Public Comment Period The..., adjudicative, or licensing provisions of the Administrative Procedures Act (APA). It is a voluntary effort by... intended to make any of the APA's rulemaking provisions applicable to development of this or future EAC...

  20. 16 CFR 3.45 - In camera orders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false In camera orders. 3.45 Section 3.45... PRACTICE FOR ADJUDICATIVE PROCEEDINGS Hearings § 3.45 In camera orders. (a) Definition. Except as hereinafter provided, material made subject to an in camera order will be kept confidential and not placed...

  1. Community Reintegration Outcomes for Formerly Incarcerated Adolescent Fathers and Nonfathers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Unruh, Deanne; Bullis, Michael; Yovanoff, Paul

    2003-01-01

    Data from the study, Transition Research on Adjudicated Youth in Community Settings, were used to examine community integration outcomes for the subgroup of adolescent fathers. Juvenile offenders who were fathers were found to return to the correctional system at a higher rate than nonfathers, but fathers who remained in the community were…

  2. Group sexual offending by juvenile females

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wijkman, M.; Weerman, F.; Bijleveld, C.; Hendriks, J.

    2015-01-01

    This study examined all group sexual offending cases in the Netherlands between 1995 and 2009 (n = 26) in which at least one juvenile female offender (n = 35) had been adjudicated. Information from court files showed that the majority of juvenile female group sexual offenders have (inter)personal pr

  3. 12 CFR 747.613 - Further proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 6 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Further proceedings. 747.613 Section 747.613... Justice Act in NCUA Board Adjudications § 747.613 Further proceedings. (a) After the expiration of the... underlying proceeding. Ordinarily, the determination of an award will be made on the basis of the...

  4. 29 CFR 16.304 - Further proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Further proceedings. 16.304 Section 16.304 Labor Office of... Further proceedings. (a) Ordinarily, the determination of an award will be made on the basis of the... initiative, the adjudicative officer may order further proceedings, such as an informal conference,...

  5. 14 CFR 14.26 - Further proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Further proceedings. 14.26 Section 14.26... proceedings. (a) Ordinarily the determination of an award will be made on the basis of the written record... adjudicative officer assigned to the matter may order further proceedings, such as an informal conference,...

  6. 34 CFR 21.44 - Further proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Further proceedings. 21.44 Section 21.44 Education... Considering Applications? § 21.44 Further proceedings. (a) The adjudicative officer shall make the... further proceedings on his or her own initiative or at the request of the applicant or the...

  7. 5 CFR 2610.307 - Further proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Further proceedings. 2610.307 Section... proceedings. (a) Ordinarily, the determination of an award will be made on the basis of the written record... adjudicative officer may order further proceedings, such as an informal conference, oral argument,...

  8. 19 CFR 210.52 - Motions for temporary relief.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 19 Customs Duties 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Motions for temporary relief. 210.52 Section 210... IMPORT TRADE ADJUDICATION AND ENFORCEMENT Temporary Relief § 210.52 Motions for temporary relief. Requests for temporary relief under section 337 (e) or (f) of the Tariff Act of 1930 shall be made through...

  9. 78 FR 25972 - Establishment of the Response Systems to Adult Sexual Crimes Panel

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-03

    ... of the Secretary Establishment of the Response Systems to Adult Sexual Crimes Panel AGENCY: DoD... charter for the Response Systems to Adult Sexual Assault Crimes Panel (``the Response Systems Panel... adjudication of crimes involving adult sexual assault and related offenses, under 10 U.S.C. 920 (Article 120 of...

  10. On Judicial and Quasi-Judicial Independence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Comtois, Suzanne; de Graaf, K.J.

    2013-01-01

    'Principles of judicial and quasi-judicial independence are fundamental to all democracies and yet, the notion of independence is still elusive. What is judicial and quasi-judicial independence and why is it important? From whom and what are the judiciary and other adjudicators to be independent? Is

  11. 77 FR 16670 - Amendment to the International Traffic in Arms Regulations: Sri Lanka

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-22

    ... for aerial and maritime surveillance. Regulatory Analysis and Notices Administrative Procedure Act The... function are exempt from Sec. 553 (Rulemaking) and Sec. 554 (Adjudications) of the Administrative Procedure... principles set forth in the Executive Order. Executive Order 12988 The Department of State has reviewed...

  12. 75 FR 59158 - Earth Day Commitment/Friends of the Coast, Beyond Nuclear, Seacoast Anti-Pollution League, C-10...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-27

    ... environmental protection. The petitioners state that regulatory experience shows NRC staff turnover, changes in... applications that have not yet been issued an NRC staff Final Safety Evaluation Report (FSER). The petitioners... Regulatory Commission, Washington, DC 20555-0001, Attn: Rulemakings and Adjudications Staff. E-mail comments...

  13. 19 CFR 103.12 - Exemptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... secret in the interest of national defense or foreign policy and which are, in fact, properly classified... enforcement proceedings; (2) Would deprive a person of a right to a fair trial or an impartial adjudication..., in the case of a record or information compiled by a criminal law enforcement authority in the...

  14. 40 CFR 2.105 - Exemption categories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... policy; and (ii) Are in fact properly classified pursuant to such Executive order; (2) Related solely to... enforcement proceedings; (ii) Would deprive a person of a right to a fair trial or an impartial adjudication... confidential basis, and, in the case of a record or information compiled by a criminal law...

  15. 12 CFR 407.2 - Closing meetings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... established by an Executive order to be kept secret in the interests of national defense or foreign policy and...) Deprive a person of a right to a fair trial or an impartial adjudication, (iii) Constitute an unwarranted... record compiled by a criminal law enforcement authority in the course of a criminal investigation, or...

  16. 49 CFR 1012.7 - Meetings which may be closed to the public.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... be kept secret in the interests of national defense or foreign policy and (ii) in fact properly... enforcement proceedings, (ii) deprive a person of a right to a fair trial or an impartial adjudication, (iii... and (in the case of a record compiled by a criminal law enforcement authority in the course of...

  17. 12 CFR 1402.10 - Official records of the Farm Credit System Insurance Corporation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... established by an Executive order to be kept secret in the interest of national defense or foreign policy and...; (ii) Would deprive a person of a right to a fair trial or an impartial adjudication; (iii) Could... of a record or information compiled by criminal law enforcement authority in the course of a...

  18. Youth Violence: An Action Research Project.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davis, Eddie; Beverly, Creigs

    1991-01-01

    Twenty youth, aged 13-17, adjudicated for acts of violence, displayed some characteristics consistent with Toch's typology of compensatory violence (insecurity or low self-esteem) and narcissism. Areas unaccounted for by Toch's typologies included failed childrearing practices, lack of a role in society, and inordinate concern for respect and…

  19. Pastoralism within land administration in Kenya: The missing link

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lengoiboni, M.; Bregt, A.K.; Molen, van der P.

    2010-01-01

    In land administration (LA), the right to exercising property/ownership rights on land is based on cadastral processes of adjudication, survey and rights registration. Private ownership rights are now being taken up in pastoral areas, where they must contend with pastoralists’ land rights. Pastoral

  20. 75 FR 65214 - Equal Access to Justice Act Implementation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-22

    ... entitled as of right to be admitted as a party in an adversarial adjudication. Position of FHFA means the... in private practice, his or her customary fees for similar services; or, if the attorney, agent, or... party for limited purposes, or that is properly seeking and entitled as of right to be admitted as a...

  1. 76 FR 2035 - Procedures for Protests and Contracts Dispute

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-12

    ... determining an appropriate remedy. Subpart C--Contract Disputes In subpart C, current Sec. Sec. 17.23, 17.25... Adjudicative process for protests. 17.23 Protest remedies. ] Subpart C--Contract Disputes 17.25 Dispute... an alleged breach of that contract. A contract dispute does not require, as a prerequisite,...

  2. The US Financial Crisis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Campbell, John L.

    2011-01-01

    for each other's shortcomings rather than reinforce each other's incentives. This paper uses evidence from the US financial crisis of 2008 to adjudicate this debate. It argues that different types of institutional complementarities are necessary in combination to ensure market stability and successful...

  3. 76 FR 56357 - Expedited Vocational Assessment Under the Sequential Evaluation Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-13

    ... claimant may be unable to adjust to other work existing in the national economy, the adjudicator would... administrative efficiency and help us make more timely disability determinations and decisions. DATES: To ensure... performed in the national economy) given his or her RFC.\\11\\ Past relevant work is work that a claimant did...

  4. The Effect of Type-1 Error on Deterrence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lando, Henrik; Mungan, Murat C.

    A traditional view of law and economics holds that an increase in the probability with which a court will convict an innocent defendant (type-1 error) lowers deterrence as much as an increase in the probability with which the court will acquit a guilty defendant (type-2 error). We demonstrate...... when he acts lawfully; there can e.g. then be no adjudication and hence no type-1 error when the sanction is harm-based and when the lawful act precludes harm. For mistake of identity, the potential offender may be falsely convicted of a crime committed by someone else whether or not he himself acts...... lawfully, and hence such type-1 error does not exert any direct effect on deterrence. Moreover, any indirect effect on deterrence is likely to be small because when the potential offender abides by the law, his risk of being subject to adjudication is generally shared with many other innocent people....

  5. Research misconduct: time for a re-think?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breen, K J

    2016-06-01

    The incidence of research misconduct appears to be increasing, drawing attention in the general media and academic literature. Concerns have been expressed about probable under-reporting, harms arising, lack of an agreed international definition, welfare of whistleblowers and the adequacy of the investigation processes and any subsequent sanctions. A fully satisfactory approach to prevention, detection, investigation and adjudication has yet to emerge. While the definition of research misconduct contained in the Australian Code for the Responsible Conduct of Research is comprehensive, universities and other research institutions at times struggle in their task of investigating and adjudicating allegations of research misconduct. A more centralised, independent process of oversight and monitoring of this role played by the universities and institutions would help support those institutions and help maintain community confidence in the research endeavour.

  6. ADPF 347 AND THE “UNCONSTITUTIONAL STATE OF AFFAIRS” OF BRAZIL’S PRISON SYSTEM -- ADPF 347 E O “ESTADO DE COISAS INCONSTITUCIONAL” DO SISTEMA PRISIONAL BRASILEIRO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thiago Luís Santos Sombra

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available This essay aims at analyzing the main aspects related to a prison system’s lawsuit judged by the Brazilian Supreme Court in which the “Unconstitutional State of Affairs” adjudication technique was firstly examined. Challenging the base arguments that were presented in the ADPF 347, Justice Rapporteur Marco Aurélio, the article’s purpose is points out that there was not an institutional failure of both Legislative and Executive branches of government in order to justify a structural intervention for overcoming alleged barriers. A parallel with Colombian Supreme Court adjudication practices will be drawn in accordance with the legal transplants theory to understand how Brazil would achieve its reach just importing a structural injunction model that even in Colombia did not work in prisons. Keywords: Unconstitutional State of Affairs. Structural Injunction. ADPF 347. Brazil’s Supreme Court. Colombia’s Supreme Court. Legal Transplants.

  7. Civil Engineering Dispute Resolution

    CERN Document Server

    Osborne, J

    2001-01-01

    Construction work on the civil engineering contract started at Point 5 in August 1998. The new surface buildings and underground structures are necessary to accommodate the CMS detector for the LHC Project. The principal underground works consist of two new shafts, two parallel caverns separated by a supporting pillar, and a number of small connection tunnels and service galleries. A dispute resolution procedure has been included in the contract, whereby a Panel of Adjudicators may be called upon to make a decision in the case of a difference or dispute between the parties. The aim of this paper is to present CERN's first experience of civil engineering Adjudication arising from problems encountered with the ground freezing technique employed to allow construction of two new shafts.

  8. Incorporating a right to health perspective into the resolution of patent law disputes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oke, Emmanuel Kolawole

    2013-12-12

    This article adopts the view that the courts in developing countries can play an important role in improving access to medicines in their countries if they incorporate a right to health perspective when adjudicating patent cases involving pharmaceutical products. The article argues that, since patent rights are not human rights, they should not be allowed to trump the right to health. The paper examines two notable cases decided by the courts in Kenya that illustrate the crucial role that incorporating a right to health perspective can play in improving access to medicines. Finally, the paper provides five reasons why courts in developing countries cannot afford to ignore the right to health when adjudicating cases involving patent rights on pharmaceutical products.

  9. Legal time limits vs. discretional limits of administrative judicial review in Albania

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerti Shella

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Administrative courts in Albania were established in 2012, as a separate branch of the court system, following enactment of the Law No. 49/2012 “On the Organization and Functioning of the Administrative Courts and Adjudication of Administrative Disputes”. One of the main features of the administrative adjudication is the swiftness at which it should be carried out. The law provides carefully for many time limits and procedural deadlines, to achieve such intended effect. This article focuses specifically on the time limits of concluding (1 the judicial review in administrative courts and 2 on due delivery of the final decision in court secretariat. These two distinct procedural phases constitute 98% of the length of a court case in time terms. The main thesis of this paper is that time limits which are explicitly written and required by the law produce better results in terms of compliance of judges with law and higher efficiency compared to discretional time limits.

  10. Determination of the underlying cause of death in three multicenter international HIV clinical trials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lifson, Alan R; Lundgren, Jens; Belloso, Waldo H;

    2008-01-01

    PURPOSE: Describe processes and challenges for an Endpoint Review Committee (ERC) in determining and adjudicating underlying causes of death in HIV clinical trials. METHOD: Three randomized HIV trials (two evaluating interleukin-2 and one treatment interruption) enrolled 11,593 persons from 36......-defining diseases, 21% non-AIDS malignancies, 9% cardiac diseases, 9% liver disease, 8% non-AIDS-defining infections, 5% suicides, 5% other traumatic events/accidents, 4% drug overdoses/acute intoxications, 11% other causes, and 18% unknown. Major reasons for unknown classification were inadequate clinical...... in HIV clinical trials. Committees should include those familiar with AIDS and non-AIDS-defining diseases and have processes for adjudicating differences of opinion. Training for local investigators and procedure manuals should emphasize obtaining maximum possible documentation and follow-up information...

  11. Proposal to negotiate, without competitive tendering, Two blanket orders for the supply of programmable logic controllers and fieldbus equipment

    CERN Document Server

    1999-01-01

    This document concerns the supply of programmable logic controllers (PLCs) and fieldbus equipment for the CERN accelerators, technical services and experiments. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of two blanket contracts with SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC INDUSTRIE (FR) and SIEMENS SUISSE S.A. (CH), without competitive tendering, for the supply of PLCs and fieldbus equipment for an estimated total annual amount covering both contracts not exceeding 2 000 000 Swiss francs for three years. SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC INDUSTRIE (FR) has declared the following origin of the equipment relating to this adjudication proposal: FR-100%. SIEMENS SUISSE S.A. (CH) has declared the following origin of the equipment relating to this adjudication proposal: DE-100%.

  12. Carotid artery stenting compared with endarterectomy in patients with symptomatic carotid stenosis (International Carotid Stenting Study): an interim analysis of a randomised controlled trial

    OpenAIRE

    Ederle, J; Dobson, J.; Featherstone, RL; Bonati, LH; van der Worp, HB; de Borst, GJ; lo, TH; Gaines, P.; Dorman, PJ; Macdonald, S; Lyrer, PA; Hendriks, JM; McCollum, C; Nederkoorn, PJ; Brown, MM

    2010-01-01

    Summary Background Stents are an alternative treatment to carotid endarterectomy for symptomatic carotid stenosis, but previous trials have not established equivalent safety and efficacy. We compared the safety of carotid artery stenting with that of carotid endarterectomy. Methods The International Carotid Stenting Study (ICSS) is a multicentre, international, randomised controlled trial with blinded adjudication of outcomes. Patients with recently symptomatic carotid artery stenosis were ra...

  13. Justice and medical ethics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillon, R

    1985-07-20

    Justice, in the sense of fair adjudication between conflicting claims, is held to be relevant to a wide range of issues in medical ethics. Several differing concepts of justice are briefly described, including Aristotle's formal principle of justice, libertarian theories, utilitarian theories, Marxist theories, the theory of John Rawls, and the view--held, for example, by W.D. Ross--that justice is essentially a matter of reward for individual merit.

  14. Does Evidence-Based PTS Treatment Reduce PTS Symptoms and Suicide in Iraq and Afghanistan Veterans Seeking VA Care

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-01

    subtasks 1g, 1e), study sample was identified based on eligibility criteria (subtask 1f). This subtask (1f) also included checking for quality of...five years (subtask 1k). Based on the sample identified in task 1f, subtask 1i has been modified to include all psychotherapy notes for all PTS...agreement was good (K=.84). The SLC team then reviewed all cases where they disagreed with the SF team’s adjudicated judgements and collaborated to

  15. Dredging Evolutionary Theory : the emergence of the deep sea as a transatlantic site for evolution, 1853-1876

    OpenAIRE

    Alaniz, Rodolfo John

    2014-01-01

    Marine invertebrate specimens from the ocean floor played a large role in the formation of evolutionary theory and they continued to help men of science adjudicate natural selection later into the nineteenth century. By 1880, the deep ocean floor had become "Darwin's laboratory," a place to test the "direct action of external conditions on organisms." According to dominant Victorian marine biology, the deep sea was an eternal, unchanging biogeographical space. There, and only there, could nat...

  16. Eligibility of disabled veterans and members of the armed forces with severe burn injuries for financial assistance in the purchase of an automobile or other conveyance and adaptive equipment. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-19

    The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) adopts as a final rule its proposal to amend its adjudication regulation concerning a certificate of eligibility for financial assistance in the purchase of an automobile or other conveyance and adaptive equipment, which was published in the Federal Register on November 5, 2012, and republished for minor technical corrections on November 26, 2012. The amendment is necessary to incorporate statutory changes made by the Veterans' Benefits Act of 2010.

  17. Automobile or other conveyance and adaptive equipment certificate of eligibility for veterans or members of the armed forces with amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Interim final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-02-25

    The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is amending its adjudication regulation regarding certificates of eligibility for financial assistance in the purchase of an automobile or other conveyance and adaptive equipment. The amendment authorizes automatic issuance of a certificate of eligibility for financial assistance in the purchase of an automobile or other conveyance and adaptive equipment to all veterans with service-connected amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) and members of the Armed Forces serving on active duty with ALS.

  18. People's Assessor Systems Pivotal to Protection of Human Rights

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG YANBING

    2007-01-01

    @@ Back in August 2004, the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress, the highest legislature of China, published the Decision on Improving the People's Assessor System (hereinafter referred to as the Decision). Since it became effective on May 1, 2005, the Decision has proved important to ensuring the right of citizens to participate in activities of adjudication in accordance with the law. It has helped expand judicial democracy and safeguard the legitimate rights and interests of the litigant parties.

  19. 10 CFR 2.1010 - Pre-License Application Presiding Officer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... NRC adjudication has the requisite “need to know,” as defined in 10 CFR 73.2; (B) The individual has undergone an FBI criminal history records check, unless exempt under 10 CFR 73.22(b)(3) or 73.23(b)(3), as... procedures in 10 CFR 73.57(d) for submitting and processing fingerprints. However, before a final...

  20. Evaluation of an ICD-10 algorithm to detect osteonecrosis of the jaw among cancer patients in the Danish National Registry of Patients

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ehrenstein, Vera; Gammelager, Henrik; Schiødt, Morten

    2015-01-01

    PURPOSE: This study aimed to validate a predefined algorithm for osteonecrosis of the jaw (ONJ) among cancer patients in the Danish National Registry of Patients and to assess the nature of clinical information recorded in medical charts of ONJ patients. METHODS: We identified potential ONJ cases......%-81%]). CONCLUSIONS: The predefined algorithm is not adequate for monitoring ONJ in pharmacovigilance studies. Additional case-finding approaches, coupled with adjudication, are necessary to estimate ONJ incidence accurately....

  1. Effectiveness of Administrative Appeals Within the Framework of Administrative Justice in Belgium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ludo VENY

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available This article outlines the various forms of administrative appeal in Belgium. Furthermore, the administrative appeals regarding the adjudication or refusal of a building permit, the openness of administration, the income tax and the suspension of an unemployment benefits are examined. In each case an inventory of legal norms is made, the case law analysed and the national literature on the topic reviewed.

  2. Development of diagnostic criteria for serious non-AIDS events in HIV clinical trials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lifson, Alan R; Belloso, Waldo H; Davey, Richard T

    2010-01-01

    PURPOSE: Serious non-AIDS (SNA) diseases are important causes of morbidity and mortality in the HAART era. We describe development of standard criteria for 12 SNA events for Endpoint Review Committee (ERC) use in START, a multicenter international HIV clinical trial. METHODS: SNA definitions were...... was reached. CONCLUSION: HIV clinical trials that include SNA diseases as clinical outcomes should have standardized SNA definitions to optimize event reporting and validation and should have review by an experienced ERC with opportunities for adjudication....

  3. The UNCITRAL model law on international commercial arbitration as basis for international and domestic arbitration in South Africa / Debra Venter

    OpenAIRE

    Venter, Debra

    2010-01-01

    Commercial arbitration is growing in importance in the modern world. People often use arbitration to ensure adjudication by an expert in the field and although arbitration may not always be quicker, its importance continues to grow especially in international commercial disputes.1 Effective arbitration procedures will have positive consequences for the economical and political relationships between countries.2 The Arbitration Act 42 of 1965 might have sufficed in the past, but as internati...

  4. Compulsory Arbitration Clauses in Domestic and International Consumer Contracts

    OpenAIRE

    Collins, D A

    2008-01-01

    This paper examines the UK Unfair Terms in Consumer Contracts Regulations (UTCCR)'s prohibition on clauses in consumer contracts that mandate dispute settlement in an arbitration tribunal as potentially unfair and oppressive as against consumers because it denies their right to civil adjudication. The understanding of UTCCR's unfairness as developed by the UK House of Lords is not necessarily applicable to arbitration clauses because of the lower cost of such proceedings and the availability ...

  5. Patterns of Competence and Adjustment Among Adolescents from Authoritative, Authoritarian, Indulgent, and Neglectful Homes: A Replication in a Sample of Serious Juvenile Offenders

    OpenAIRE

    Steinberg, Laurence; Blatt-Eisengart, Ilana; Cauffman, Elizabeth

    2006-01-01

    The correlates of authoritative, authoritarian, indulgent, and neglectful parenting were examined within a sample of 1,355 14- to 18-year-olds adjudicated of serious criminal offenses. The sample is composed primarily of poor, ethnic-minority youth living in impoverished urban neighborhoods. As has been found in community samples, juvenile offenders who describe their parents as authoritative are more psychosocially mature, more academically competent, less prone to internalized distress, and...

  6. Commentary: Competency restoration research--complicating an already complex process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rotter, Merrill; Greenspan, Michael

    2011-01-01

    Predicting restorability in individuals found not competent to stand trial is an enduring focus of interest among forensic clinicians and academicians. In our commentary, we suggest that to understand this area even more comprehensively, we must look further. We must build on existing research on fitness to stand trial, move beyond diagnosis and a binary competence variable, and include the complex interplay between symptoms and fitness-related capacities that may be associated with lack of adjudicative competence and challenges to restorability.

  7. Symbolic Communication as Speech in United States Supreme Court Jurisprudence

    OpenAIRE

    Łukasz Machaj

    2011-01-01

    The First Amendment to the United States Constitution forbids government to pass any law which abridges freedom of speech. Notwithstanding the absolute tenor of the clause, this guarantee is clearly not limitless; its boundaries are established mainly in the course of Constitutional adjudication. The United States Supreme Court has extended free speech guarantees to so-called symbolic speech, i.e. to nonverbal expression of ideas, views or emotions. The article analyzes basic criteria and lim...

  8. CORRECTING MISCARRIAGE OF JUSTICE IN THE CIVIL PROCEDURE BEING A COMPONENT TO THE RIGHT TO DEFENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inna Vitalyevna BLAZOMIRSKAYA

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper considered miscarriage of justice, i.e. an adjudi-cation being wrong judgment in effect containing either denial of defense within the actual (scope of right(s or defending the unlisted right for, for instance, while an in-nocent convict or an acquitted criminal. The dominant fea-tures of miscarriage of justice are the following: 1 A mis-carriage of justice appeared at the final adjudication; 2 A miscarriage of justice was presumed; 3 An agent commis-sioned to operate by a specific ruling would ascertain and eliminate a miscarriage of justice; 4 A specific way of proving a miscarriage of justice; 5 Actual miscarriage of justice has not been subsequent upon the fault / negli-gence having been let / tolerated / omitted by the judge who passed the final adjudication. Eliminating a miscar-riage of justice by the superior court should be one of three steps required for judicial defense. The first step shall be referring to the court and the hearing of the case by the court of first instance with the final disposition of the case that should be mandatory. The second and third steps shall be eliminating a miscarriage of justice and enforcing the court‟s disposition, – should be secured by the State as the effective remedies of judicial defense, and the party con-cerned may involve these when required.

  9. A novel dataset on legal traditions, their determinants, and their economic role in 155 transplants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerriero, Carmine

    2016-09-01

    The law and the economy are deeply influenced by the legal tradition or origin, which is the bundle of institutions shaping lawmaking and dispute adjudication. The two principal legal traditions, common law and civil law, have been transplanted through colonization and occupation to the vast majority of the jurisdictions in the world by a group of European countries. Here, I illustrate a novel dataset recording the lawmaking institution employed by 155 of these jurisdictions at independence and in 2000 and four discretion-curbing adjudication institutions adopted by 99 of these "transplants" at the same two points in time. Contrary to the "legal origins" scholars׳ assumption, 25 transplants changed the transplanted lawmaking institution and 95 modified at least one of the transplanted lawmaking and adjudication rules. In "Endogenous Legal Traditions" (Guerriero, 2016a) [12], I document that these reforms are consistent with a model of the design of legal institutions by societies heterogeneous in their endowment of both the extent of cultural heterogeneity and the quality of the political process. In "Endogenous Legal Traditions and Economic Outcomes" (Guerriero, 2016b) [13] moreover, I show the relevance of considering legal evolution and the endogeneity between legal traditions and economics outcomes. The data illustrated here also include the proxies for the determinants of legal evolution I use in "Endogenous Legal Traditions" (Guerriero, 2016a) [12] and the novel measure of economic outcomes I employ in "Endogenous Legal Traditions and Economic Outcomes" (Guerriero, 2016b) [13].

  10. Reproducibility of Scleral Spur Identification and Angle Measurements Using Fourier Domain Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo J. Cumba

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To evaluate intraobserver and interobserver agreement in locating the scleral spur landmark (SSL and anterior chamber angle measurements obtained using Fourier Domain Anterior Segment Optical Coherence Tomography (ASOCT images. Methods. Two independent, masked observers (SR and AZC identified SSLs on ASOCT images from 31 eyes with open and nonopen angles. A third independent reader, NPB, adjudicated SSL placement if identifications differed by more than 80 μm. Nine months later, SR reidentified SSLs. Intraobserver and interobserver agreement in SSL placement, trabecular-iris space area (TISA750, and angle opening distance (AOD750 were calculated. Results. In 84% of quadrants, SR’s SSL placements during 2 sessions were within 80 μm in both the X- and Y-axes, and in 77% of quadrants, SR and AZC were within 80 μm in both axes. In adjudicated images, 90% of all quadrants were within 80 μm, 88% in nonopen-angle eyes, and 92% in open-angle eyes. The intraobserver and interobserver correlation coefficients (with and without adjudication were above 0.9 for TISA750 and AOD750 for all quadrants. Conclusions. Reproducible identification of the SSL from images obtained with FD-ASOCT is possible. The ability to identify the SSL allows reproducible measurement of the anterior chamber angle using TISA750 and AOD750.

  11. Pengecualian terhadap Penerapan Asas Ultra Petitum Partium dalam Beracara di Pengadilan Agama

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mrs. Hartini

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available A judge must examine and adjudicate all charges thoroughly on the lawsuit brought to the court. The judge should not only examine and adjudicate part of the charge and disregard the rest. On the other hand, judge in his/her adjudication is prohibited to accede above the suit brought by the parties. This prohibition is called ultra petitum partium. A judge who accedes in excess of the suit partium is considered to be exceeding his/her authority. In Religious Court proceedings, the implementation of ultra petitum partium principle is an exception in several types of cases. In the procedure of divorce (cerai talak, a judge may grant something not demanded by wife either in the petition of divorce or in the reconvention by charging certain obligations upon the husband, which is the wife’s right as the consequence of the separation. In the procedure of divorce, judge may order a preliminary injunction even if such injunction is not demanded. The argument that justifies the judge’s action is the Marriage Act and the procedural law in the Act on Religious Court is a lex specialis stipulation, judge as judge made law must dig into the values of life, and the judge may execute contra legem action if the stipulation in an article considered to be in contradiction with justice and benefit.

  12. Systematic review of the impact of adult drug-treatment courts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Randall T

    2010-06-01

    The U.S. correctional system is overburdened with individuals suffering from substance use disorders. These illnesses also exact a heavy toll on individual and public health and well-being. Effective methods for reducing the negative impact of substance use disorders comprise critical concerns for policy makers. Drug treatment court (DTC) programs are present in more than 1800 county, tribal, and territorial jurisdictions in the United States as an alternative to incarceration for offenders with substance use disorders. This review article summarizes the available descriptive information on representative DTC populations and the observational studies of drug court participants, and it specifically reviews the available experimental effectiveness literature on DTCs. The review concludes by examining the limitations of the current literature, challenges to conducting research in drug court samples, and potential future directions for research on DTC interventions. A review of nonexperimental and quasi-experimental literature regarding the impact of DTCs points toward benefit versus traditional adjudication in averting future criminal behavior and in reducing future substance use, at least in the short term. Randomized effectiveness studies of DTCs are scant (3 were identified in the literature on U.S. adult drug courts), and methodological issues develop in combining their findings. These randomized trials failed to demonstrate a consistent effect on rearrest rates for drug-involved offenders participating in DTC versus typical adjudication. The 2 studies examining reconviction and reincarceration, however, demonstrated reductions for the DTC group versus those typically adjudicated.

  13. The 5th Umpire: Automating Cricket's Edge Detection System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Rock

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The game of cricket and the use of technology in the sport have grown rapidly over the past decade. However, technology-based systems introduced to adjudicate decisions such as run outs, stumpings, boundary infringements and close catches are still prone to human error, and thus their acceptance has not been fully embraced by cricketing administrators. In particular, technology is not employed for bat-pad decisions. Although the snickometer may assist in adjudicating such decisions it depends heavily on human interpretation. The aim of this study is to investigate the use of Wavelets in developing an edgedetection adjudication system for the game of cricket. Artificial Intelligence (AI tools, namely Neural Networks, will be employed to automate this edge detection process. Live audio samples of ball-on-bat and ball-on-pad events from a cricket match will be recorded. DSP analysis, feature extraction and neural network classification will then be employed on these samples. Results will show the ability of the neural network to differentiate between these key events. This is crucial to developing a fully automated edge detection system.

  14. Inter-Observer Agreement in Dysplasia Grading: Towards an Enhanced Gold Standard for Clinical Pathology Trials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Speight, Paul M.; Abram, Timothy J.; Floriano, Pierre N.; James, Robert; Vick, Julie; Thornhill, Martin H.; Murdoch, Craig; Freeman, Christine; Hegarty, Anne M; D’Apice, Katy; Kerr, A. Ross; Phelan, Joan; Corby, Patricia; Khouly, Ismael; Vigneswaran, Nadarajah; Bouquot, Jerry; Demian, Nagi M.; Weinstock, Y. Etan; Redding, Spencer W.; Rowan, Stephanie; Yeh, Chih-Ko; McGuff, H. Stan; Miller, Frank R.; McDevitt, John T.

    2015-01-01

    Objective Inter-observer agreement in the context of oral epithelial dysplasia (OED) grading has been notoriously unreliable and can impose barriers for developing new molecular markers and diagnostic technologies. This paper aimed to report the details of a 3-stage histopathology review and adjudication process with the goal of achieving a consensus histopathologic diagnosis of each biopsy. Study Design Two adjacent serial histological sections of oral lesions from 846 patients were independently scored by two different pathologists from a pool of four. In instances where the original two pathologists disagreed, a third, independent adjudicating pathologist conducted a review of both sections. If a majority agreement was not achieved, the third stage involved a face-to-face consensus review. Results Individual pathologist pair kappa values ranged from 0.251 – 0.706 (fair – good) before the 3-stage review process During the initial review phase, the two pathologists agreed on a diagnosis for 69.9% of the cases. After the adjudication review by a third pathologist, an additional 22.8% of cases were given a consensus diagnosis (agreement of 2 out of 3 pathologists). Following the face-to-face review, the remaining 7.3% of cases had a consensus diagnosis. Conclusion The use of the defined protocol resulted in a substantial increase (30%) in diagnostic agreement and has the potential to improve the level of agreement for establishing gold standards for studies based on histopathologic diagnosis. PMID:26216170

  15. Interobserver agreement in dysplasia grading: toward an enhanced gold standard for clinical pathology trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Speight, Paul M; Abram, Timothy J; Floriano, Pierre N; James, Robert; Vick, Julie; Thornhill, Martin H; Murdoch, Craig; Freeman, Christine; Hegarty, Anne M; D'Apice, Katy; Kerr, A Ross; Phelan, Joan; Corby, Patricia; Khouly, Ismael; Vigneswaran, Nadarajah; Bouquot, Jerry; Demian, Nagi M; Weinstock, Y Etan; Redding, Spencer W; Rowan, Stephanie; Yeh, Chih-Ko; McGuff, H Stan; Miller, Frank R; McDevitt, John T

    2015-10-01

    Interobserver agreement in the context of oral epithelial dysplasia (OED) grading has been notoriously unreliable and can impose barriers for developing new molecular markers and diagnostic technologies. This paper aimed to report the details of a 3-stage histopathology review and adjudication process with the goal of achieving a consensus histopathologic diagnosis of each biopsy. Two adjacent serial histologic sections of oral lesions from 846 patients were independently scored by 2 different pathologists from a pool of 4. In instances where the original 2 pathologists disagreed, a third, independent adjudicating pathologist conducted a review of both sections. If a majority agreement was not achieved, the third stage involved a face-to-face consensus review. Individual pathologist pair κ values ranged from 0.251 to 0.706 (fair-good) before the 3-stage review process. During the initial review phase, the 2 pathologists agreed on a diagnosis for 69.9% of the cases. After the adjudication review by a third pathologist, an additional 22.8% of cases were given a consensus diagnosis (agreement of 2 out of 3 pathologists). After the face-to-face review, the remaining 7.3% of cases had a consensus diagnosis. The use of the defined protocol resulted in a substantial increase (30%) in diagnostic agreement and has the potential to improve the level of agreement for establishing gold standards for studies based on histopathologic diagnosis. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  16. Different thresholds for detecting osteophytes and joint space narrowing exist between the site investigators and the centralized reader in a multicenter knee osteoarthritis study - data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guermazi, Ali; Hayashi, Daichi [Boston University School of Medicine, Quantitative Imaging Center, Department of Radiology, Boston, MA (United States); Hunter, David J. [New England Baptist Hospital, Division of Research, Boston, MA (United States); University of Sydney, Northern Clinical School, Sydney (Australia); Li, Ling [New England Baptist Hospital, Division of Research, Boston, MA (United States); Benichou, Olivier [Eli Lilly and Co, Indianapolis, IN (United States); Eckstein, Felix [Paracelsus Medical University, Salzburg (Austria); Chondrometrics GmbH, Ainring (Germany); Kwoh, C.K. [University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Division of Rheumatology and Clinical Immunology, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Nevitt, Michael [University of California, Department of Epidemiology and Biostatistics, San Francisco, CA (United States)

    2012-02-15

    To evaluate how the reading of knee radiographs by site investigators differs from that by an expert musculoskeletal radiologist who trained and validated them in a multicenter knee osteoarthritis (OA) study. A subset of participants from the Osteoarthritis Initiative progression cohort was studied. Osteophytes and joint space narrowing (JSN) were evaluated using Kellgren-Lawrence (KL) and Osteoarthritis Research Society International (OARSI) grading. Radiographs were read by site investigators, who received training and validation of their competence by an expert musculoskeletal radiologist. Radiographs were re-read by this radiologist, who acted as a central reader. For KL and OARSI grading of osteophytes, discrepancies between two readings were adjudicated by another expert reader. Radiographs from 96 subjects (49 women) and 192 knees (138 KL grade {>=} 2) were included. The site reading showed moderate agreement for KL grading overall (kappa=0.52) and for KL {>=} 2 (i.e., radiographic diagnosis of ''definite OA''; kappa=0.41). For OARSI grading, the site reading showed substantial agreement for lateral and medial JSN (kappa=0.65 and 0.71), but only fair agreement for osteophytes (kappa=0.37). For KL grading, the adjudicator's reading showed substantial agreement with the centralized reading (kappa=0.62), but only slight agreement with the site reading (kappa = 0.10). Site investigators over-graded osteophytes compared to the central reader and the adjudicator. Different thresholds for scoring of JSN exist even between experts. Our results suggest that research studies using radiographic grading of OA should use a centralized reader for all grading. (orig.)

  17. Positive predictive value of a case definition for diabetes mellitus using automated administrative health data in children and youth exposed to antipsychotic drugs or control medications: a Tennessee Medicaid study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bobo William V

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background We developed and validated an automated database case definition for diabetes in children and youth to facilitate pharmacoepidemiologic investigations of medications and the risk of diabetes. Methods The present study was part of an in-progress retrospective cohort study of antipsychotics and diabetes in Tennessee Medicaid enrollees aged 6–24 years. Diabetes was identified from diabetes-related medical care encounters: hospitalizations, outpatient visits, and filled prescriptions. The definition required either a primary inpatient diagnosis or at least two other encounters of different types, most commonly an outpatient diagnosis with a prescription. Type 1 diabetes was defined by insulin prescriptions with at most one oral hypoglycemic prescription; other cases were considered type 2 diabetes. The definition was validated for cohort members in the 15 county region geographically proximate to the investigators. Medical records were reviewed and adjudicated for cases that met the automated database definition as well as for a sample of persons with other diabetes-related medical care encounters. Results The study included 64 cases that met the automated database definition. Records were adjudicated for 46 (71.9%, of which 41 (89.1% met clinical criteria for newly diagnosed diabetes. The positive predictive value for type 1 diabetes was 80.0%. For type 2 and unspecified diabetes combined, the positive predictive value was 83.9%. The estimated sensitivity of the definition, based on adjudication for a sample of 30 cases not meeting the automated database definition, was 64.8%. Conclusion These results suggest that the automated database case definition for diabetes may be useful for pharmacoepidemiologic studies of medications and diabetes.

  18. The Duty to effect an appropriate Mode of Payment to Minor Pension Beneficiaries under Scrutiny in Death Claims

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N Dyani

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available This note focuses on the payment into a trust arrangement in favour of a minor beneficiary as contemplated in terms of section 37C (2 of the Pension Funds Act 24 of 1956. The aim is to examine the criteria under which the boards of management of pension funds may deprive a guardian the right to administer benefits on behalf of minor beneficiaries. This examination is conducted within the context of the approach adopted by the Pension Funds Adjudicator in four specific determinations decided prior, but relevant, to the amendments to the Pension Funds Act, where the board in each case unlawfully deprived a guardian of the right to administer death benefits in favour of a minor beneficiary. Therefore, the note will discuss four specific determinations and thereafter comment about the criteria to be used by practitioners. The note argues that these determinations should be welcomed because of their progressive interpretation of the Pension Funds Act and for setting an important precedent for pension fund practitioners and boards. In each case, the Pension Funds Adjudicator found a violation of section 37C. The note also criticises the remedy granted in two of the determinations, namely Moralo v Holcim South African Provident Fund, and Mafe v Barloworld (SA Retirement Fund Respondent, and argues that the Pension Funds Adjudicator’s ruling on these matters was arbitrary and capricious because it disregarded its own precedent in Lebepe v Premier Foods Provident Fund & Others. We therefore submit that the Pension Funds Adjudicator should have ordered the boards in Moralo v Holcim South African Provident Fund, and Mafe v Barloworld (SA Retirement Fund Respondent to pay all of the benefits directly to the complainants and guardians in those determinations.

  19. Cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, and hepatic safety of desvenlafaxine for 1 year in women with vasomotor symptoms associated with menopause.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Archer, David F; Pinkerton, Joann V; Guico-Pabia, Christine J; Hwang, Eunhee; Cheng, Ru-Fong J

    2013-01-01

    A previous trial of the serotonin-norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor desvenlafaxine (administered as desvenlafaxine succinate) raised concerns on potential serious cardiovascular and hepatic events. The current study was designed to estimate these events in desvenlafaxine versus placebo in a larger population followed for 1 year. Healthy postmenopausal women seeking treatment of vasomotor symptoms were randomized to placebo or desvenlafaxine 100 mg/day in a 1-year, multicenter, double-blind study. Safety was monitored throughout. Potential ischemic cardiovascular events (coronary heart disease-related death, new-onset myocardial infarction or unstable angina requiring hospitalization, and unscheduled revascularization procedures) and cerebrovascular events (definite stroke or probable stroke) identified by investigator reports and periodic adverse event review based on Standardized medical dictionary for regulatory activities Query were reviewed by blinded adjudication boards. Hepatic events (aspartate aminotransferase or alanine aminotransferase >5 times the upper limit of normal) were evaluated. A total of 2,118 participants (1,066 desvenlafaxine, 1,052 placebo) took one or more doses of study medication (mean, 280 d). There was one cardiovascular event; a placebo-treated participant was adjudicated to have had a myocardial infarction. One desvenlafaxine-treated participant was adjudicated to have had a probable stroke. Two participants in each treatment group had hepatic events. The excess risk (90% CI) of desvenlafaxine over placebo per 1,000 woman-years was -1.07 (-2.86 to 0.72) for cardiovascular events, 1.11 (-0.68 to 2.9) for cerebrovascular events, and 0.08 (-3.51 to 3.67) for hepatic events. There is no evidence for an increased risk of cardiovascular, cerebrovascular, or hepatic events associated with desvenlafaxine 100 mg/day compared with placebo for the treatment of menopausal vasomotor symptoms.

  20. A novel dataset on legal traditions, their determinants, and their economic role in 155 transplants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmine Guerriero

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The law and the economy are deeply influenced by the legal tradition or origin, which is the bundle of institutions shaping lawmaking and dispute adjudication. The two principal legal traditions, common law and civil law, have been transplanted through colonization and occupation to the vast majority of the jurisdictions in the world by a group of European countries. Here, I illustrate a novel dataset recording the lawmaking institution employed by 155 of these jurisdictions at independence and in 2000 and four discretion-curbing adjudication institutions adopted by 99 of these “transplants” at the same two points in time. Contrary to the “legal origins” scholars׳ assumption, 25 transplants changed the transplanted lawmaking institution and 95 modified at least one of the transplanted lawmaking and adjudication rules. In “Endogenous Legal Traditions” (Guerriero, 2016a [12], I document that these reforms are consistent with a model of the design of legal institutions by societies heterogeneous in their endowment of both the extent of cultural heterogeneity and the quality of the political process. In “Endogenous Legal Traditions and Economic Outcomes” (Guerriero, 2016b [13] moreover, I show the relevance of considering legal evolution and the endogeneity between legal traditions and economics outcomes. The data illustrated here also include the proxies for the determinants of legal evolution I use in “Endogenous Legal Traditions” (Guerriero, 2016a [12] and the novel measure of economic outcomes I employ in “Endogenous Legal Traditions and Economic Outcomes” (Guerriero, 2016b [13].

  1. 判决的整体性:科学发展观的应用%The Integrality of Judgment:Application of Scientific Outlook on Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘静旺

    2015-01-01

    Judicial adjudication is a rational cause and often embodies the holism idea approach in this kind of undertaking. This holistic approach is the overcome with the legal mechanism and formalism, and an important way to seek judicial rationality outside the law article. Integrity of judicial adjudication is embodied not only in the written judgment of ancient China, also expressed in judicial adjudication in the United States. Similarly, The Scientific Outlook on Development which is implemented in the judiciary of contemporary China can also be deemed as an important embodiment of the holism, furthermore, the means to seek the judicial rationality and help to improve the quality of the written judgment.%司法审判是一项合理化的事业,而在这种合理化事业中往往体现了一种整体主义的思想进路,这种整体性进路是对法律机械主义和形式主义的克服,是在法条之外谋求司法合理性的重要方式。司法判决的整体性既体现在古代中国的判决书当中,也表达在美国司法审判当中,而当代中国在司法中贯彻科学发展观的理念也是一种整体主义的重要体现,是进一步谋求司法合理化的手段,并有助于提升判决书的质量。

  2. Pancreatic safety in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes treated with once weekly dulaglutide 0.75 mg up to 52 weeks in phase 3 clinical trials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emoto, Masanori; Oura, Tomonori; Matsui, Akiko; Kazama, Hirotaka; Iwamoto, Noriyuki

    2017-02-27

    The effects of incretin therapies on pancreatic safety are currently being evaluated. In 3 phase 3 clinical studies of once weekly dulaglutide 0.75 mg (dulaglutide) in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes (T2D), symptoms suggestive of acute pancreatitis as well as pancreatic enzymes were assessed and the risk of acute pancreatitis was evaluated. Patients who met any of the predefined criteria (clinical signs/symptoms of acute pancreatitis, confirmed amylase or lipase level ≥3 times the upper limit of normal [ULN], abdominal imaging of the pancreas) were adjudicated for acute pancreatitis by a blinded external committee. A total of 43 events in 40 patients (dulaglutide, 35/917 patients; liraglutide, 2/137 patients; insulin glargine, 2/180 patients; and placebo, 2/70 patients) were adjudicated (1 patient had events adjudicated during both placebo and dulaglutide treatment); 2 patients treated with dulaglutide had acute pancreatitis confirmed (2/917 [0.2%]; 2.651 patients/1,000 patient-years). One of these patients was diagnosed by the investigator with acute pancreatitis related to dulaglutide, but there was no typical abdominal pain. The event in the other patient occurred following an endoscopic ultrasound-guided fine needle aspiration. Transient increases in lipase ≥3×ULN were observed in 2% of patients in both the dulaglutide and liraglutide groups; the incidence in dulaglutide-treated patients was not significantly different from the incidences in liraglutide, placebo-, or insulin glargine-treated patients. Results of systematic assessments of pancreatic safety in 3 phase 3 studies for up to 52 weeks do not suggest an increased risk of acute pancreatitis in Japanese patients treated with dulaglutide.

  3. From the Green Room to the Court Room (And Back: Judicial Clarification of Ambiguity in WTO Law and the Effects on Subsequent Negotiations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Flett

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available The WTO provides an opportunity to observe the recent creation, development and operation of a "hard law" adjudicative legal system, with legal subjects of greatly varying degrees of power, embedded within an intensely political environment. Between these parallel political and legal communities there are numerous points of contact. At each point of contact one finds played out (or to be played out and resolved, re-iteratively, the basic drama between power-based and rules-based approaches to disputes. An examination of the Dispute Settlement Understanding and of subsequent developments - from the particular perspective of a participant within the WTO legal system - suggests that the rules-based approach was initiated in a somewhat low profile manner. Once the process had been quietly booted-up, ambiguity and discretion embedded in the rules has been systematically crystallizing, under the influence of lawyers and adjudicators acting both in and out of the court room, so as to substantially further develop and consolidate a more complete rules-based operating system. This is something to which the Members themselves do not appear to have objected. In the long term, the fundamental driving motor for this process, which ultimately outweighs all other considerations, is a necessity recognised by all participants and their constituents – that is, legal security and predictability for firms engaged in international trade. However, the legitimacy of particular outcomes will ultimately continue to rest upon the rationality, reasonableness and openness of adjudicators and their judgments. This repetitive process of shared experience and palliative outcome is progressively binding the political and legal communities together in a shared fate. The process is proving remarkably successful, and may both serve as a model for (and have spill-over effects in other areas of international law. Ultimately, the system's continued success depends upon jealously

  4. An optimized outlier detection algorithm for jury-based grading of engineering design projects

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thompson, Mary Kathryn; Espensen, Christina; Clemmensen, Line Katrine Harder

    2016-01-01

    This work characterizes and optimizes an outlier detection algorithm to identify potentially invalid scores produced by jury members while grading engineering design projects. The paper describes the original algorithm and the associated adjudication process in detail. The impact of the various......, but no true optimum seems to exist. The performance of the best optimizations and the original algorithm are similar. Therefore, it should be possible to choose new coefficient values for jury populations in other cultures and contexts logically and empirically without a full optimization as long...

  5. Randomized trial of switching from prescribed non-selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs to prescribed celecoxib

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Macdonald, Thomas M; Hawkey, Chris J; Ford, Ian;

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Selective cyclooxygenase-2 inhibitors and conventional non-selective non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (nsNSAIDs) have been associated with adverse cardiovascular (CV) effects. We compared the CV safety of switching to celecoxib vs. continuing nsNSAID therapy in a European setting...... primary events per 1000 patient-years exposure. There were only 15 adjudicated secondary upper gastrointestinal complication endpoints (0.078/100 patient-years on celecoxib vs. 0.053 on nsNSAIDs OT, 0.078 vs. 0.053 ITT). More gastrointestinal serious adverse reactions and haematological adverse reactions...

  6. The evaluation of off-loading using a new removable oRTHOsis in DIABetic foot (ORTHODIAB) randomized controlled trial: study design and rational

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammedi, Kamel; Potier, Louis; François, Maud; Dardari, Dured; Feron, Marilyne; Nobecourt-Dupuy, Estelle; Dolz, Manuel; Ducloux, Roxane; Chibani, Abdelkader; Eveno, Dominique-François; Crea Avila, Teresa; Sultan, Ariane; Baillet-Blanco, Laurence; Rigalleau, Vincent; Velho, Gilberto

    2016-01-01

    Background Off-loading is essential for diabetic foot management, but remains understudied. The evaluation of Off-loading using a new removable oRTHOsis in DIABetic foot (ORTHODIAB) trial aims to evaluate the efficacy of a new removable device “Orthèse Diabète” in the healing of diabetic foot. Methods/design ORTHODIAB is a French multi-centre randomized, open label trial, with a blinded end points evaluation by an adjudication committee according to the Prospective Randomized Open Blinded End...

  7. Faridah bt. Dato Talib v. Mohd. Habibullah bin Mahmood [14 October 1989].

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    The Malaysian court held that a Muslim wife could sue her Muslim husband for damages arising from assault and battery. It rejected the husband's argument that the suit must be adjudicated in a religious court because it was related to marriage, a topic for Muslims handled exclusively by religious courts. It concluded that assault and battery were not marital matters but criminal law matters. Moreover, it ruled for the same reason that the suit was not precluded by the Married Women Ordinance 1957, which prohibits a wife from suing her husband in tort, except for the protection or security of her property.

  8. Location, Location: Jurisdiction & Conflicts in Transborder Contract Litigation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lookofsky, Joseph

    In transborder contract litigation place-based factors are often decisive, both as regards jurisdiction to adjudicate as well as the rules which determine the applicable substantive law. Relevant locations include the place where the contract was made, where the parties reside, transact business...... or own property, the place of delivery, payment or other performance etc. Using concrete case-based examples, Professor Lookofsky explains how rules of jurisdiction and contract conflicts in Europe are tied to rigidly defined, single-place-based factors. In the United States, by contrast...

  9. Commercial Stakeholers in International Economic Dispute Resolution and the Issue of Judicial Independence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jemielniak, Joanna

    The paper discusses the problem of influence, exerted by commercial actors, in international trade disputes, and its impact onto the position of adjudicators. It explores the role of commercial stakeholders as a driving force behind States’ actions and examines procedural options available to them...... area are set against those of investment and commercial arbitration (as the institutions and rules designed for the latter are also being used for trade controversies, as in the Softwood Lumber LCIA arbitrations). Consequently, the problem of standards of adjudicatory independence is considered as one...

  10. CONTRACT FARMING PRACTICE IN INDIAN PUNJAB: FARMERS’ PERSPECTIVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nivedita Sharma

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the status quo of contract farming in Indian Punjab from the farmers‟ perspective. The analysis is based on the field survey of three districts of the state covering 300 contract farmers. It is observed that agribusiness normalization has taken hold of the CF practice and farmers are facing its brunt. Withdrawal of extension services, reneging on prices and procurement are the major issues afflicting CF. Lack of adjudication is making contract farming exploitative in approach and the study recommends vigilant and strong intervention of the government.

  11. Internationally trained pharmacists in Great Britain: what do registration data tell us about their recruitment?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hassell Karen

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Internationally trained health professionals are an important part of the domestic workforce, but little is known about pharmacists who come to work in Great Britain. Recent changes in the registration routes onto the Register of Pharmacists of the Royal Pharmaceutical Society of Great Britain may have affected entries from overseas: reciprocal arrangements for pharmacists from Australia and New Zealand ended in June 2006; 10 new states joined the European Union in 2004 and a further two in 2007, allowing straightforward registration. Aims The aims of the paper are to extend our knowledge about the extent to which Great Britain is relying on the contribution of internationally trained pharmacists and to explore their routes of entry and demographic characteristics and compare them to those of pharmacists trained in Great Britain. Methods The August 2007 Register of Pharmacists provided the main data for analysis. Register extracts between 2002 and 2005 were also explored, allowing longitudinal comparison, and work pattern data from the 2005 Pharmacist Workforce Census were included. Results In 2007, internationally trained pharmacists represented 8.8% of the 43 262 registered pharmacists domiciled in Great Britain. The majority (40.6% had joined the Register from Europe; 33.6% and 25.8% joined via adjudication and reciprocal arrangements. Until this entry route ended for pharmacists from Australia and New Zealand in 2006, annual numbers of reciprocal pharmacists increased. European pharmacists are younger (mean age 31.7 than reciprocal (40.0 or adjudication pharmacists (43.0, and the percentage of women among European-trained pharmacists is much higher (68% when compared with British-trained pharmacists (56%. While only 7.1% of pharmacists registered in Great Britain have a London address, this proportion is much higher for European (13.9%, adjudication (19.5% and reciprocal pharmacists (28.9%. The latter are more likely to

  12. Second Line of Defense, Port of Buenos Aires and Exolgan Container Terminal Operational Testing and Evaluation Plan, Buenos Aires, Argentina

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Roberts, Bryan W.

    2012-08-23

    The Office of the Second Line of Defense (SLD) Megaports project team for Argentina will conduct operational testing and evaluation (OT&E) at Exolgan Container Terminal at the Port of Dock Sud from July 16-20, 2012; and at the Port of Buenos Aires from September 3-7, 2012. SLD is installing radiation detection equipment to screen export, import, and transshipment containers at these locations. The purpose of OT&E is to validate and baseline an operable system that meets the SLD mission and to ensure the system continues to perform as expected in an operational environment with Argentina Customs effectively adjudicating alarms.

  13. HDL cholesterol and residual risk of first cardiovascular events after treatment with potent statin therapy: an analysis from the JUPITER trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ridker, P.M.; Genest, J.; Boekholdt, S.M.;

    2010-01-01

    Background HDL-cholesterol concentrations are inversely associated with occurrence of cardiovascular events. We addressed, using the JUPITER trial cohort, whether this association remains when LDL-cholesterol concentrations are reduced to the very low ranges with high-dose statin treatment. Methods...... by a computer-generated sequence to receive rosuvastatin 20 mg per day or placebo, with participants and adjudicators masked to treatment assignment. In the present analysis, we divided the participants into quartiles of HDL-cholesterol or apolipoprotein A1 and sought evidence of association between...

  14. Proposal to negotiate, without competitive tendering, the renewal of a blanket purchase contract for the supply and maintenance of VME single-board computers for the LHC and its injectors

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    This document concerns the renewal of a blanket purchase contract for the supply and maintenance of VME single-board computers for the LHC and its injectors. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of the renewal of a blanket purchase contract with CREATIVE ELECTRONIC SYSTEMS (CH), without competitive tendering, for the supply and maintenance of VME single-board computers for an estimated total amount not exceeding 2 500 000 Swiss francs for the period 2004-2006. The firm has indicated the following distribution by country of the contract value covered by this adjudication proposal: CH-80%, US-20%.

  15. A Case of Improperly Registered "Wansheng" Trademark

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ In September 1999, the Trademark Review and Adjudication Board of the China State Administration for In-dustry and Commerce (SAIC) made its fi-nal decision on revocation of the "Wangsheng" trademark: the ground for the revocation raised by Hitachi Maxell Ltd.(Hitachi) that the Shenzhen Hua Yuan In-dustrial (Group) Co., Ltd. (Hua Yuan) has registered, by improper means, the "Wansheng" trademark no. 592880 for Class 9 floppy and magnetic disks and no.870819 for Class 9 battery are tenable and the trademark is revoked.

  16. Reestructuración procesos interventoría CRA - Codensa, “Inspecciones de Seguridad Industrial y Salud Ocupacional”

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Consultores Regionales Asociados (CRA), se adjudicó en 2.010 un contrato con Codensa S.A. ESP, cuyo objeto principal es la realización de Inspecciones de Seguridad Industrial y Salud Ocupacional a todas las cuadrillas que hacen parte de los contratos marcos suscritos. Este informe tiene como objeto dar a conocer las diferentes etapas que se tuvieron en cuenta para realizar una restructuración dentro de un contrato establecido, con el fin de hacer mas eficiente la operación y por ende mas rent...

  17. Jurisdictional Consequences Associated with the Multiplication of International Tribunals: What Are the Potential Risks?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Bellei Tagle

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The dispute resolution system is an essential aspect in order to grant efficacy to international law. In recent years various transformations have been tried, the most significant of which are the multiplication of international courts and tribunals. This work explores the different effects this result has generated, concentrating on some considered negative. Likewise, it reviews different alternatives that have arisen to mitigate the jurisdictional risks occasioned by the explosive increase in organs of adjudication.

  18. Reflections of the changes in patent ductus arteriosus management during the last 10 years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Khuffash, Afif; Weisz, Dany E; McNamara, Patrick J

    2016-09-01

    Despite a large body of scientific evidence on the management of premature infants with a patent ductus arteriosus controversy remains and neonatologists remain challenged for knowing which patient to treat, what is the most optimal timing of treatment and which treatments have a positive impact on both short-term and long-term outcomes. In this review article we discuss the increased body of evidence over the past 10 years, much of which questions the role of treatment and suggests the need to reconsider how haemodynamic significance is adjudicated. In addition, we discuss novel approaches to assessment and diagnosis, and highlight areas for future investigation.

  19. Proposal for the award of a contract, without competitive tendering, for a design study for a 30 GHz, high peak power gyro-klystron

    CERN Document Server

    2001-01-01

    This document concerns the award of a contract for a design study for a 30 GHz, high peak power gyro-klystron. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract, without competitive tendering, with COMMUNICATIONS & POWER INDUSTRIES (USA), for a design study for a 30 GHz, high peak power gyro-klystron for a total amount of 198 505 USD (328 278 Swiss francs), not subject to revision. COMMUNICATIONS & POWER INDUSTRIES is the only firm which has experience with such devices. The firm has indicated the following distribution by country of the contract value covered by this adjudication proposal: USA - 100%.

  20. Proposal to negotiate, without competitive tendering, a contract for the maintenance of three 420 kV circuit breakers

    CERN Document Server

    2000-01-01

    This document concerns the award of a contract for the maintenance, by the manufacturer, of three 420 kV circuit breakers. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract, without competitive tendering, with SCHNEIDER ITALY (IT) (formerly NUOVA MAGRINI GALILEO), the manufacturer of the equipment, for the maintenance of three 420 kV circuit breakers for a total amount of 490 000 Swiss francs, not subject to revision. The firm has indicated the following distribution by country of the contract value covered by this adjudication proposal: IT?100%.

  1. Dependency and indemnity compensation (DIC) benefits for survivors of former prisoners of war rated totally disabled at time of death. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-10

    The Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) is amending its adjudication regulation regarding benefits for survivors of former prisoners of war who were rated totally disabled at the time of death. This amendment is necessary to conform the regulation to the authorizing statutory provision. The effect of this amendment is to liberalize the eligibility criteria for dependency and indemnity compensation (DIC) based on the death of a former prisoner of war whose service-connected disabilities had been continuously rated totally disabling for at least 1 year when he or she died.

  2. Predicting alcohol consumption during the month before and after beginning college

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stout Robert L

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background We sought to determine predictors of drinking the month before and after beginning college, as well as changes in drinking between these two periods among adjudicated students. We conducted these analyses to inform individual and university-wide approaches to addressing underage drinking, particularly among the heaviest drinkers. Methods The sample consisted of 143 students entering college, adjudicated during their first semester, and interviewed during the same semester. The sample consisted of 43% women. Drinking data were collected through the Time-Line Follow-Back interview. Results The average number of drinking days (DD during the first month of college was 7.0 (SD = 4.7, the average number of drinks per drinking day (DDD was 7.4 (SD = 3.4, and the average volume of standard drink units consumed during this month was 56.3 (SD = 51.2. Students had volunteered for a two-year college facilitation study, and had been invited to participate after receiving a citation for violating university alcohol policies. Analyses consisted of nine backward elimination regression analyses with nine variables entered as predictors (one was a control variable. Age of first intoxication was related to every dependent measure. Men had a higher August DDD, September DDD, and September volume than women. Roommate drinking level was associated with September DDD and September volume. Out-of-state students had a lower August volume than in-state students. High school rank was inversely related to September drinking days. SAT score, declared major status, and fraternity/sorority status were not related to drinking according to these multivariate analyses. Conclusions Results suggest that approaches to underage drinking for adjudicated students may need to be tailored according to age of first intoxication. Results also suggest the drinking level of the heaviest drinking roommate may moderate individual level interventions. Further, interventions

  3. A SYNCHRONIZATION ALGORITHM FOR HF (HIGH FREQUENCY) BROADBAND OFDM SYSTEM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yang Lei; Zhang You'ai

    2008-01-01

    In this letter, a kind of associated synchronization algorithm which is suitable for HF (High Frequency) broadband OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) system is presented based on describing and constructing the GMW (Gorden, Mills and Welch) sequence. The algorithm is based on the Schmidl and Minn's symbol timing principle, the constructed GMW sequence is transmitted and disposed, and the synchronization is adjudicated using the correlation of GMW sequence. The simulation result indicates that this algorithm has high performance synchronization ability under the low SNR (Signal to Noise Ratio) at two different kinds of channel models.

  4. Processes of Metastudy: A Study of Psychosocial Adaptation to Childhood Chronic Health Conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David B. Nichola

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Metastudy introduces a systematically aggregated interpretive portrayal of a body of literature, based on saturation and the synthesis of findings. In this metastudy, the authors examined qualitative studies addressing psychosocial adaptation to childhood chronic health conditions, published over a 30-year period (1970–2000. They describe metastudy processes, including study identification, strategies for study search and retrieval, adjudication of difference in study design and rigor, and analysis of findings. They also illustrate metastudy components through examples drawn from this project and discuss implications for practice and recommendations.

  5. Proposal for the award of a contract for the supply of Cabletron gigabit routers

    CERN Document Server

    2000-01-01

    This document concerns the award of a contract for the supply of Cabletron gigabit routers. Following a call for tenders (IT-2870/IT) sent on 14 July 2000 to 13 firms in three Member States, CERN received, by the closing date, tenders from four firms in one Member State. The Finance Committee is invited to agree to the negotiation of a contract with ACN (CH), the lowest bidder, for the supply of Cabletron gigabit routers for a total amount of 1 887 000 Swiss francs, not subject to revision. The firm has indicated the following distribution by country of the contract value covered by this adjudication proposal: IE-100%.

  6. HDL cholesterol and residual risk of first cardiovascular events after treatment with potent statin therapy: an analysis from the JUPITER trial

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ridker, P.M.; Genest, J.; Boekholdt, S.M.

    2010-01-01

    Background HDL-cholesterol concentrations are inversely associated with occurrence of cardiovascular events. We addressed, using the JUPITER trial cohort, whether this association remains when LDL-cholesterol concentrations are reduced to the very low ranges with high-dose statin treatment. Methods...... by a computer-generated sequence to receive rosuvastatin 20 mg per day or placebo, with participants and adjudicators masked to treatment assignment. In the present analysis, we divided the participants into quartiles of HDL-cholesterol or apolipoprotein A1 and sought evidence of association between...

  7. Cryogenic Operation Methodology and Cryogen Management at CERN over the last 15 Years

    CERN Document Server

    Delikaris, D; Claudet, S; Gayet, Ph; Passardi, Giorgio; Serio, L; Tavian, L

    2009-01-01

    CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research has progressively implemented and brought into operation an impressive number of cryogenic units (34). The paper will present the evolution of CERN’s cryogenic infrastructure and summarize results from cryogenic operation cumulating 590’000 running hours over the last fifteen years. The implemented methodology allowing reaching a high level of plant reliability will be described. CERN also becomes an intensive user of cryogens. Contracts for the delivery of 320 t of liquid helium and 70’000 t of liquid nitrogen have been adjudicated. The paper will describe the procurement strategy, the storage infrastructure and cryogen inventory.

  8. Malignancy validation in a United States registry of rheumatoid arthritis patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fisher Mark C

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Physician reporting is commonly used to ascertain adverse events or outcomes measured in epidemiologic studies. However, little is known on the accuracy of physician reported malignancies compared to pertinent medical record review in large cohort studies. Methods The Consortium of Rheumatology Researchers of North America (CORRONA registry gathers physician-completed questionnaires for rheumatoid arthritis (RA patients, including request for information on incident malignancies, approximately every three months. For incident malignancies reported from October 1st, 2001, through December 31st, 2007, we retrospectively requested completion of a Targeted Adverse Event (TAE form for additional information as well as primary source documents to adjudicate the malignancy reports. CORRONA has employed a prospective request for source documentation for these events since 2008. We classified each malignancy as definite, probable, possible, or not a malignancy. Results From 20,837 RA patients enrolled in CORRONA, 461 incident malignancies were initially reported on physician questionnaires. After review of returned source documents with adjudication, 234 were deemed definite, 69 probable, 101 possible, and 57 not an incident malignancy. The positive predictive value (PPV of initial physician report of a malignancy versus “definite or probable” malignancy based on adjudication was 0.66 (95% CI 0.61 - 0.70. The PPV was 0.68 (95% CI 0.63 – 0.72 when the subsequent TAE form also confirmed the presence of malignancy. When possible malignancies were included, the PPV of physician-reported malignancies without a subsequent TAE form increased to 0.86 (0.83 – 0.89, and with a subsequent TAE form, 0.89 (0.85-0.91. Conclusion Twelve percent of initial physician reports of incident malignancy could not be confirmed with review of source documents. The most common reason for lack of confirmation was inability to obtain documents or

  9. Brief report: An examination of the relationships between parental monitoring, self-esteem and delinquency among Mexican American male adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caldwell, Roslyn M; Beutler, Larry E; An Ross, Sylvia; Clayton Silver, N

    2006-06-01

    The present study examined relationships between parental monitoring (mother and father), self-esteem, and delinquency among 95 adjudicated Mexican American male adolescents who were on probationary status with the juvenile justice system. Consistent with previous literature pertaining to familial processes and delinquency among the general adolescent population, findings from the current study revealed that parental monitoring was negatively associated with delinquency. In addition, self-esteem was shown to be positively correlated with delinquency. These results highlight the generalizability of previous research related to familial, emotional, and behavioral processes among Mexican American male adolescents.

  10. Revised Medical Criteria for Evaluating Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection and for Evaluating Functional Limitations in Immune System Disorders. Final rule.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-02

    We are revising the criteria in the Listing of Impairments (listings) that we use to evaluate claims involving human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in adults and children under titles II and XVI of the Social Security Act (Act). We also are revising the introductory text of the listings that we use to evaluate functional limitations resulting from immune system disorders. The revisions reflect our program experience, advances in medical knowledge, our adjudicative experience, recommendations from a commissioned report, and comments from medical experts and the public.

  11. Veeravalli Venkata Ranga Varadachari (01 July 1925- 04 August 2007)

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Murty, C.S.

    of the doctoral degree by the members of the board of adjudicators - Sir George Deacon from UK, Professor Walter H Munk from USA - for the dissertation submitted in geophysics. PROFESSIONAL CAREER VVR had an in-born passion towards teaching. According to his own... for their doctoral dissertation work in India and made significant progress in research and in teaching faculties. These include Dr C Balarama Murty (Defence R&D, GOI); Prof, GS Sharma (ex-Cochin Univ.); Prof. PG Kurup and Mr. B Rami Reddy (Cochin Univ.) Prof. MPM...

  12. Plan Assurance Qualité for an Installation Contract

    CERN Document Server

    Gascon, C

    2001-01-01

    The current ST/EL group's installation and maintenance contract expires on June 2001. Official procedures for a new contract began a few months ago. Once the new contract has been adjudicated, contractor firm should establish a Quality Assurance Plan (PAQ) within 6 months to be approved. This PAQ is the essential main instrument which ST/EL group has in order to assure a perfect achievement of signed contract. PAQ efficiency depends on its good knowledge and its permanent application on the part of the contractor firm and especially on the part of ST/EL group. The acquired experience during last PAQ should be reflected in the future contract.

  13. [Soldiers and HIV: impact of medical knowledge on the analysis of discrimination in the constitution].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pou Giménez, Francisca

    2012-01-01

    In 2007 the Mexican Supreme Court issued several opinions dealing with military personnel dismissed from the Army because of their being HIV-positive. The author describes the main questions under discussion and the core arguments developed by the Court, and stresses three reasons why these cases deserve close attention: positively, because they reinforced the use of the proportionality principle as a tool for identifying discriminatory norms and because they opened the door to the use of specialized scientific knowledge in constitutional adjudication; negatively, because they failed to build on the direct normative efficacy of the right to health.

  14. Influence of the sFlt-1/PlGF Ratio on Clinical Decision-Making in Women with Suspected Preeclampsia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evelyn Klein

    Full Text Available To evaluate the influence of the soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1/placental growth factor ratio in physicians' decision making in pregnant women with signs and symptoms of preeclampsia in routine clinical practice.A multicenter, prospective, open, non-interventional study enrolled pregnant women presenting with preeclampsia signs and symptoms in several European perinatal care centers. Before the soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1/placental growth factor ratio result was known, physicians documented intended clinical procedures using an iPad® application (data locked/time stamped. After the result was available, clinical decisions were confirmed or revised and documented. An independent adjudication committee evaluated the appropriateness of decisions based on maternal/fetal outcomes. Clinician decision making with regard to hospitalization was the primary outcome.In 16.9% of mothers (20/118 the hospitalization decision was changed after knowledge of the ratio. In 13 women (11.0%, the initial decision to hospitalize was changed to no hospitalization. In seven women (5.9% the revised decision was hospitalization. All revised decisions were considered appropriate by the panel of adjudicators (McNemar test; p < 0.0001.The use of the soluble fms-like tyrosine kinase 1/placental growth factor test influenced clinical decision making towards appropriate hospitalization in a considerable proportion of women with suspected preeclampsia. This is the first study to demonstrate the impact of angiogenic biomarkers on decision making in a routine clinical practice.

  15. 1754 Days to the LHC and counting!

    CERN Multimedia

    2001-01-01

    At the 118th session of CERN Council, held on Friday 15 June under the chairmanship of Professor Maurice Bourquin of Switzerland, Director-General, Luciano Maiani, presented the commissioning schedule for the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) for the first time. The LHC will collide its first beams in a pilot run starting on 1 April 2006. 'We are 1754 days from the LHC', said Professor Maiani. A full seven-month physics run will begin in August 2006, and the LHC's heavy-ion programme will start in February 2007. Left to right: Lyn Evans, Luciano Maiani, Alexander Skrinsky, and Kurt Hubner with the magnets from Novosibirsk. Professor Maiani underlined to Council that the LHC is now CERN's most important single activity, accounting for over 70% of the Laboratory's resources. Moreover, with some 70% of the total LHC cost adjudicated and 30% paid, the project is very far advanced. With the adjudication this Autumn of the contracts for the 1236 fifteen metre superconducting dipole magnets, the placing of major contrac...

  16. Religious Freedom and Equality as Celebration of Difference: A Significant Development in Recent South African Constitutional Case-Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L du Plessis

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This contribution focuses on the way in which the South African Constitutional Court has, since 1997, been dealing with the (seemingly eccentric claims of (assumedly idiosyncratic 'religious Others'. Developments in this regard have, for the time being at least, culminated in the Constitutional Court's landmark judgment in MEC for Education: KwaZulu Natal v Pillay 2008 (2 BCLR 99 (CC, 2008 (1 SA 474 (CC (hereafter Pillay. Constitutional Court judgments since 1997 manifesting the adjudication of such unconventional claims are assessed, eventually getting to Pillay as benchmark. This remarkable judgment, dealing with a deceptively mundane issue, has played a considerable role in fleshing out a jurisprudence of difference, putting an adherent of a vulnerable, minority religion in the right. This is not just a high point in the adjudication of constitutional entitlements of the religious (and cultural Other in South Africa, but also a significant contribution to the growth of a jurisprudence sensitive to the predicaments and constitutional entitlements of unconventional, 'non-mainstream' claimants of religious (and cultural rights. Finally Pillay illustrates that the constitutional guarantee of the right to freedom of religion, conscience, belief and opinion (entrenched in section 15(1 of the Constitution of Republic of South Africa 1996 can be crucially dependent upon due effect being given to the proscription of unfair discrimination on the grounds of religion, conscience, belief and opinion elsewhere (namely in section 9(3 of the Constitution.

  17. Positive predictive values of ICD-10 codes to identify incident acute pancreatitis and incident primary malignancy in the Scandinavian national patient registries among women with postmenopausal osteoporosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munch, Troels; Christensen, Lotte B; Adelborg, Kasper; Tell, Grethe S; Apalset, Ellen M; Westerlund, Anna; Lagerros, Ylva T; Kahlert, Johnny; Xue, Fei; Ehrenstein, Vera

    2017-01-01

    Validation of definitions used to identify conditions of interest is imperative to epidemiologic studies based on routinely collected data. The objective of the study was thus to estimate positive predictive values (PPVs) of International Classification of Diseases, 10th Revision (ICD-10) codes to identify cases of incident acute pancreatitis leading to hospitalization and incident primary malignancy in the Scandinavian (Denmark, Norway, and Sweden) national patient registries in women with postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO). This validation study included postmenopausal (defined as 55 years or older) women with osteoporosis, identified between 2005-2014. Potential cases were sampled based on ICD-10 codes from the three national patient registries. Cases were adjudicated by physicians, using medical record review as gold standard. PPVs with corresponding 95% CIs were computed. Medical records of 286 of 325 (retrieval rate 88%) women with PMO were available for adjudication. Acute pancreatitis leading to hospitalization had a PPV of 87.6% (95% CI: 80.8%-90.2%). Incident primary malignancy had a PPV of 88.1% (95% CI: 81.3%-92.7%). The PPVs did not vary substantially across the three countries. ICD-10 codes to identify acute pancreatitis leading to hospitalization, and incident primary malignancy in the Scandinavian national patient registries had high PPVs among women with PMO. This allows identification of cases of acute pancreatitis and incident primary malignancy with reasonable validity and to use these as outcomes in comparative analyses.

  18. Comparison of Parasitological, Serological, and Molecular Tests for Visceral Leishmaniasis in HIV-Infected Patients: A Cross-Sectional Delayed-Type Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cota, Gláucia Fernandes; de Sousa, Marcos Roberto; de Freitas Nogueira, Betânia Mara; Gomes, Luciana Inácia; Oliveira, Edward; Assis, Tália Santana Machado; de Mendonça, Andréa Laender Pessoa; Pinto, Bruna Fernandes; Saliba, Juliana Wilke; Rabello, Ana

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the accuracy of invasive and non-invasive tests for diagnosis of visceral leishmaniasis (VL) in a large series of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected patients. In this delayed-type cross-sectional study, 113 HIV-infected symptomatic patients were evaluated by an adjudication committee after clinical follow-up to establish the presence or absence of VL as the target condition (reference test). The index tests were recombinant K39 antigen-based immunochromatographic test (rK39), indirect fluorescent antibody test (IFAT), prototype kit of direct agglutination test (DAT-LPC), and real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR) in peripheral blood. Compared with parasitological test and adjudication committee diagnosis or latent class model analyses, IFAT and rk39 dipstick test presented the lowest sensitivity. DAT-LPC exhibited good overall performance, and there was no statistical difference between DAT-LPC and qPCR diagnosis accuracy. Real-time PCR emerges as a less invasive alternative to parasitological examination for confirmation of cases not identified by DAT. PMID:23836568

  19. PCR-based typing of DNA extracted from cigarette butts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hochmeister, M N; Budowle, B; Jung, J; Borer, U V; Comey, C T; Dirnhofer, R

    1991-01-01

    Limited genetic marker information can be obtained from saliva by typing by conventional serological means. Thus, the application of PCR-based DNA typing methods was investigated as a potential approach for typing genetic markers in saliva. DNA was isolated from 200 cigarettes smoked by 10 different individuals (20 cigarettes per individual) and from 3 cigarette butts recovered from 2 crime scenes (adjudicated cases) using a Chelex 100 extraction procedure. The amount of recovered human DNA was quantified by slot-blot analysis and ranged from approximately less than 2-160 ng DNA per cigarette butt for the 200 samples, and 8 ng, 50 ng, and 100 ng for the cigarette butts from the adjudicated cases. The DNA was successfully amplified by the polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for the HLA-DQ alpha locus (99 out of 100 samples) as well as for the variable number of tandem repeat (VNTR) locus D1S80 (99 out of 100 samples). Amplification and typing of DNA was successful on all samples recovered from the crime scenes. The results suggest that PCR-based typing of DNA offers a potential method for genetically characterizing traces of saliva on cigarette butts.

  20. Review of Administrative Justice in the Republic of Kosovo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Islam Pepaj

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The present paper aims to provide a real view of adjudication of administrative cases in Kosovo. The issue of adjudication of administrative cases in the Republic of Kosovo remains a challenge following justice reforms which began in 2013 and are still on-going. Kosovo as a new country faces difficulties in professionalization of public administration and this is closely related to large number of case that are subject of judicial review which is not a case with other countries which have longer experience in public administration. In this context, more attention has been paid to review of administrative acts and issues with special focus on judicial review, following with legal remedies, administration silence as cause of judicial review. The paper also contains information about administrative justice in Kosovo before and 2013, and its current state. New court structure brought with New Law on Courts which entered into force in 2013 affected administrative justice substantially. In the previous system, Kosovo Supreme Court was the only instance handling administrative disputes. In this regard, the issue of effective legal remedies was not in place as required by international standards. However, new court structure brought significant changes regarding legal remedies in administrative justice by setting up three court instances; Administrative departments within Prishtina Basic Court and Appellate Court as well as Supreme Court extraordinary legal remedies review.

  1. Law-making functions of the Chinese courts:Judicial activism in a country of rapid social changes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Chenguang

    2006-01-01

    The judicial production of law and the legislative production of law make a striking distinction between the two legal traditions.Despite of these differences,judges in both legal traditions in adjudicating cases have a common task,which is the application of legal rules to the facts of cases pending for judgments.The tension between the certainty and the "discretion" is universal for any legal system and,to a certain extent,it poses a hard dilemma for the rhetoric of rule of law.In the transitional countries such as China where rapid social changes and transformations take place,the judiciary and judges can not escape from taking more active roles in interpreting or even law making process.It arouses much controversy,particularly in continental legal traditions,for the judiciary is deemed to perform a mechanical role in adjudicating cases.This article intends to analyze the needs for judicial law.making function in China and its reasons.It reveals that judicial interpretation constitutes an important source of law despite its ambiguous legislative position.The article argues that judicial activism is inevitable against the transitional nature of current Chinese society.

  2. Potential Implications of Research on Genetic or Heritable Contributions to Pedophilia for the Objectives of Criminal Law

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berryessa, Colleen M.

    2015-01-01

    In recent years, there has been increasing scientific research on possible genetic or heritable influences to the etiology of pedophilia, driven by national and public concerns about better understanding the disorder in order to reduce children’s vulnerabilities to pedophilic and child sex offenders. This research has corresponded to growing academic dialogue on how advances in genetic research, especially concerning the causes and development of particular mental disorders or behaviors, may affect traditional practices of criminal law and how the justice system views, manages, and adjudicates different types of criminal behavior and offenders. This paper strives to supplement this dialogue by exploring several of the many possible effects and implications of research surrounding genetic or heritable contributions to pedophilia for the five widely accepted objectives that enforce and regulate the punishment of criminal law. These include retribution, incapacitation, deterrence, rehabilitation, and restoration. Although still currently in early stages, genetic and heritability research on the etiology of pedophilia may have the potential moving forward to influence the current and established punitive methods and strategies of how the justice system perceives, adjudicates, regulates, and punishes pedophilic and sex offenders, as well as how to best prevent sexual offending against children by pedophilic offenders in the future. PMID:25557668

  3. Predictive factors of brain death in severe stroke patients identified by organ procurement and transplant coordination in Lorrain, France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humbertjean, Lisa; Mione, Gioia; Fay, Renaud; Durin, Laurent; Planel, Sophie; Lacour, Jean-Christophe; Enea, Ana-Maria; Richard, Sébastien

    2016-03-01

    There are no established predictive factors to identify patients at the acute phase of severe stroke with a high probability of presenting brain death (BD). We retrospectively collected clinical and paraclinical data of consecutive patients at the acute phase of severe stroke with a potential progression to BD through the hospital organ procurement and transplant coordination system in five centres in Lorrain (France) between 1 January 2012 and 31 December 2013. Final endpoint was adjudicated BD. Of 400 included patients, 91 (23%) presented adjudicated BD. Initial Glasgow Coma Scale score ≤6 (P = 0.008), herniation (P = 0.009), hydrocephalus (P = 0.019), initial systolic blood pressure >150 mmHg (P = 0.002), past history of alcohol abuse (P = 0.019) and stroke volume >65 ml (P = 0.040) were significantly associated with BD progression. Two prognostic scores for stroke with unquantifiable or quantifiable volume were built according to the number of risk factors presented. Following internal validation, the respective bias-corrected predictive performance (c-index) of the two scores was 72% (95% confidence interval: 67-78%) and 77% (95% confidence interval: 72-82%). These scores could form the basis of a simple tool of six criteria to help physicians make the difficult decision of intensive care unit management to preserve organs in potential donors.

  4. Potential implications of research on genetic or heritable contributions to pedophilia for the objectives of criminal law.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berryessa, Colleen M

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, there has been increasing scientific research on possible genetic or heritable influences to the etiology of pedophilia, driven by national and public concerns about better understanding the disorder in order to reduce children's vulnerabilities to pedophilic and child sex offenders. This research has corresponded to growing academic dialogue on how advances in genetic research, especially concerning the causes and development of particular mental disorders or behaviors, may affect traditional practices of criminal law and how the justice system views, manages, and adjudicates different types of criminal behavior and offenders. This paper strives to supplement this dialogue by exploring several of the many possible effects and implications of research surrounding genetic or heritable contributions to pedophilia for the five widely accepted objectives that enforce and regulate the punishment of criminal law. These include retribution, incapacitation, deterrence, rehabilitation, and restoration. Although still currently in early stages, genetic and heritability research on the etiology of pedophilia may have the potential moving forward to influence the current and established punitive methods and strategies of how the justice system perceives, adjudicates, regulates, and punishes pedophilic and sex offenders, as well as how to best prevent sexual offending against children by pedophilic offenders in the future.

  5. Food advertising and self-regulation: a view from the trenches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoek, Janet; King, Bronwyn

    2008-06-01

    This study assessed the logic of arguments advanced when the New Zealand advertising self-regulation complaints board adjudicated a complaint about a food product; in addition, it compared these arguments and the complainant's experience of the process to international best practice criteria relating to independence. Documents relating to a complaint about chicken nuggets were analysed. Shuy's logical framework was used to analyse the arguments advanced; the case was subsequently compared to the best practice criteria advanced in the Madelin (2006) report. Even a well-informed and expert complainant found the system difficult to use and biased in favour of the advertiser. Analysis of rhetorical strategies used to respond to the complaint reveal use of fallacious reasoning, including ad hominem, to which the complainant was unable to respond. In the case reviewed, the New Zealand self-regulatory system did not meet the level of openness, independence or transparency that the complainant expected and that are listed as "best practice" criteria in the Madelin Report. A regulatory system run by a government agency could afford greater protection to complainants and consumers and offer a more balanced adjudication process. As the prevalence of obesity increases, governments are examining how effectively regulation controls marketing activities that encourage consumption of energy dense, nutrient poor foods. This paper raises timely and important questions about the balance and fairness of self-regulation as experienced by a complainant.

  6. Using a nursing student conduct committee to foster professionalism among nursing students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anselmi, Katherine Kaby; Glasgow, Mary Ellen Smith; Gambescia, Stephen F

    2014-01-01

    This article explains how a university nursing program in the United States created and implemented a nursing student code of conduct and a faculty-led nursing student conduct committee to review and adjudicate violations of academic or professional misconduct. The need for and role of the nursing student conduct committee in providing substantive and fair due process is illustrated with two cases. Professional misconduct has been associated with preventable error and patient safety and is of great concern to nurse educators who are entrusted with producing the next generation of nursing professionals. Accountability and consequences for violations of professional standards must be an integral part of the nursing education curriculum throughout the world to ensure quality and safety and mitigate the adverse effects of nursing error. Given the professional and patient safety implication of such violations, the authors believe that it is prudent to have nursing programs adjudicate nursing majors' professional violations as an alternative or supplement to the general university judicial board. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Advanced algorithms for distributed fusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gelfand, A.; Smith, C.; Colony, M.; Bowman, C.; Pei, R.; Huynh, T.; Brown, C.

    2008-03-01

    The US Military has been undergoing a radical transition from a traditional "platform-centric" force to one capable of performing in a "Network-Centric" environment. This transformation will place all of the data needed to efficiently meet tactical and strategic goals at the warfighter's fingertips. With access to this information, the challenge of fusing data from across the batttlespace into an operational picture for real-time Situational Awareness emerges. In such an environment, centralized fusion approaches will have limited application due to the constraints of real-time communications networks and computational resources. To overcome these limitations, we are developing a formalized architecture for fusion and track adjudication that allows the distribution of fusion processes over a dynamically created and managed information network. This network will support the incorporation and utilization of low level tracking information within the Army Distributed Common Ground System (DCGS-A) or Future Combat System (FCS). The framework is based on Bowman's Dual Node Network (DNN) architecture that utilizes a distributed network of interlaced fusion and track adjudication nodes to build and maintain a globally consistent picture across all assets.

  8. Human trafficking for labour exploitation: Interpreting the crime

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jill E.B. Coster van Voorhout

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The definition of human trafficking for labour exploitation, as follows from the European Council Framework Decision, proves to be unclear. Literal interpretation does not suffice, because it does not clarify all elements of what is deemed to be criminal behaviour, and hermeneutical interpretation also falls short discouraging the aim of this legislation, namely harmonisation. Hence, another solution is required. This article does so by firstly challenging assumptions about human trafficking for labour exploitation that are generally pertinent, but nonetheless untrue. This accurate appraisal of the crime’s nature is followed by a synopsis of national legislation and adjudication in three Member States, so as to also focus on these actualities regarding the crime that are commonly not conceived. This article examines two countries that have implemented the Framework Decision, namely Belgium and the Netherlands, and one that has not yet done so, the United Kingdom. Thereafter remaining unexplained elements of the Framework Decision’s definition are interpreted with use of international, pan-European and European legislation and adjudication. Based upon all this, a suggested interpretation of the Framework Decision’s definition is provided so as to overcome all identified difficulties with it.

  9. Inconsistency of decision-making, the Achilles heel of referees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nevill, Alan M; Hemingway, Alex; Greaves, Rupert; Dallaway, Alex; Devonport, Tracey J

    2017-11-01

    This study assessed whether decisions made by six qualified referees were consistent when watching the live 2016 televised Champions League Final. Referees were paired off into three separate rooms. Two referees watched the game with no supporters present. Two watched the game surrounded by Real Madrid supporters, and the remaining two watched the game surrounded by Athletic Madrid supporters. Referees were asked to decide whether each decision made by the on-field referee was either correct or incorrect. Results identified two types of refereeing inconsistency. The first type was a systematic tendency of the supporting crowds (both rooms) to influence the adjudicating referees to make fewer incorrect (disagree with the on-field referee) decisions (8 and 5) than referees in the "no supporters" room (19) (χ(2) = 11.22 [df = 2], P = 0.004). The second type of inconsistency was the home advantage "bias", where the surrounding crowd influenced the adjudicating referees to favour their team, by disagreeing with the decision made by the on-field referee (χ(2) = 6.0 [df = 2], P = 0.0498). One explanation for these inconsistencies is that referees adopt a coping strategy of "avoidance", i.e., when faced with difficult decisions, referees simply avoid making unpopular decisions by waving "play on".

  10. Evolving Groundwater Rights and Management in Metropolitan Los Angeles: Implications for Water Supply and Stormwater

    Science.gov (United States)

    Porse, E.; Pincetl, S.; Glickfeld, M.

    2015-12-01

    Groundwater supports many aspects of human life. In cities, groundwater can provide a cost-effective source of water for drinking and industrial uses, while groundwater basins provide storage. The role of groundwater in a city's water supply tends to change over time. In the Los Angeles metropolitan area, groundwater is critical. Over decades, users in the region's many basins allocated annual pumping rights to groundwater among users through adjudications. These rights were determined through collective processes over decades, which contributed to the complex array of public and private organizations involved in water management. The rights also continue to evolve. We analyzed changes in the distribution of groundwater rights over time for adjudicated basins in Southern Los Angeles County. Results indicate that groundwater rights are increasingly: 1) controlled or regulated by public institutions and municipalities, and 2) consolidated among larger users. Yet, both the percentage of total supplies provided by groundwater, as well as the distribution of groundwater rights, varies widely among cities and communities throughout Los Angeles. As metropolitan Los Angeles faces reduced water imports and emphasizes local water reliance, access to pumping rights and storage capacity in groundwater basins will become even more vital. We discuss implications of our results for future urban water management.

  11. NEITHER FISH NOR FOWL: ADMINISTRATIVE JUDGES IN THE MODERN ADMINISTRATIVE STATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Russell L. Weaver

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the role of administrative adjudication in the United States constitutional system. It begins by noting that such adjudication fits uncomfortably within a system of divided powers. Administrative judges, including administrative law judges [ALJs] (who have the highest level of protection and status, are considerably more circumscribed than ordinary Article III judges. Indeed, administrative judges are usually housed in the agencies for which they decide cases, rather than in independent adjudicative bodies, and they do not always have the final say regarding the cases they decide. In many instances, the agency can appeal an adverse administrative judge’s decision directly to the head of the agency, and the agency head retains broad power to overrule the administrative judge’s determinations. In other words, the agency can substitute its judgment for that of the administrative judge regarding factual determinations, legal determinations, and policy choices. As a result, many administrative adjudicative structures involve difficult tradeoffs between independence, political control, and accountability. This article examines issues related to the status and power of administrative judges, as well as the constraints that have been imposed on administrative adjudicative authority, and explores whether those constraints continue to serve the purposes for which they were originally imposed. Cet article examine le rôle du règlement de différends dans le domaine administratif dans le cadre du système constitutionnel des États-Unis. Il note d’abord qu’une telle façon de régler les différends cadre difficilement avec un système où les pouvoirs sont divisés. Les juges administratifs, y inclus les juges de droit administratif (qui jouissent du niveau le plus élevé de protection et de statut, sont considérablement plus restreints que les juges ordinaires sous l’Article III. En effet, les juges administratifs sont

  12. The Judicialization of (Separation of Powers Politics: Lessons from Chile La judicialización de la (separación de poderes política: Lecciones de Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Druscilla L. Scribner

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Most analyses of the judicialization of politics focus on judicial policy-making and rights creation; however when judicialization of politics unfolds in a separation of powers political context courts are also involved in distributing power. The task of power delineation among branches of government is different from policy-making or rights adjudication. Judicializing political disputes about power gives courts the opportunity to alter the balance of institutional power, to create stronger executives (or legislatures and a stronger (or weaker role for themselves. To illustrate these points, this article examines how the Chilean Constitutional Tribunal (TC adjudicated a specific type of separation of powers conflict between the Legislature and the Executive from 1990-2005. The analysis of the TC doctrine overtime highlights how the TC has shifted the balance of power in the policy-making process and augmented its influence within the political system. La mayoría de los análisis de la judicialización de la política se centran en la creación judicial de políticas y derechos. Sin embargo, cuando la judicialización de la política se desarrolla en un contexto institucional de separación de poder, los tribunales también están involucrados en la distribución de poder. La tarea de delimitación de poder entre los poderes del Estado es diferente de la formulación de políticas o adjudicación de los derechos. Judicialización de las disputas políticas sobre el poder confiere a los tribunales la oportunidad de alterar el equilibrio de poder institucional, para crear ejecutivos (o legislaturas más fuertes y un papel para los tribunales altos más dinámico (o débil. Para ilustrar estos puntos, este artículo examina cómo el Tribunal Constitucional Chileno (TC adjudicó un tipo de conflicto específico entre los poderes legislativo y ejecutivo desde 1990 hasta 2005. Un análisis de la jurisprudencia “ley vs. reglamento” del Tribunal

  13. Identification of volume overload hospitalizations among hemodialysis patients using administrative claims: a validation study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Assimon, Magdalene M; Nguyen, Thuy; Katsanos, Suzanne L; Brunelli, Steven M; Flythe, Jennifer E

    2016-11-11

    High rates of volume overload hospitalizations may indicate inadequate dialysis facility fluid management. Administrative claims databases are often used to study such outcomes, but these data are generated for billing purposes and may not capture clinical nuance. It is unknown if volume overload admissions can be correctly identified in administrative data and if a single claims-based definition for volume overload can be used across epidemiologic surveillance studies, observational studies of exposure-outcome associations and quality assessments. We conducted a validation study to assess the accuracy of claims-based definitions for volume overload hospitalizations among hemodialysis patients. Data were taken from a random sample of 315 adult hemodialysis patients admitted to University of North Carolina Hospitals from January 2010 through June 2013. Standardized chart reviews were conducted to clinically adjudicate the presence or absence of volume overload at hospital admission. Claims-based definitions were constructed from varying combinations of fluid-related ICD-9 discharge diagnosis codes including fluid overload, pulmonary edema, pleural effusion, and heart failure. Using clinically adjudicated volume overload hospitalizations as the reference standard, validity metrics and their 95 % confidence intervals (CIs) were estimated for each definition. Of the 315 hospital admissions, 77 (24.4 %) were clinically adjudicated as volume overload hospitalizations. The prevalence of claims-identified volume overload admissions varied across definitions, ranging from 1.6 to 37.1 %. When definitions were constructed with discharge diagnosis codes present in any billing position, volume overload hospitalizations defined by fluid overload, pleural effusion or heart failure diagnosis codes had the highest sensitivity, 81.8 % (95 % CI: 71.4 %, 89.7 %). Volume overload hospitalizations defined by pulmonary edema diagnosis codes had the highest specificity, 98.3 % (95

  14. AAPL Practice Guideline for the forensic psychiatric evaluation of competence to stand trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mossman, Douglas; Noffsinger, Stephen G; Ash, Peter; Frierson, Richard L; Gerbasi, Joan; Hackett, Maureen; Lewis, Catherine F; Pinals, Debra A; Scott, Charles L; Sieg, Karl G; Wall, Barry W; Zonana, Howard V

    2007-01-01

    Competence to stand trial is a legal construct used to identify those criminal defendants who have the requisite mental capacity to understand the nature and objective of the proceedings against them and to participate rationally in preparing their defense. This Practice Guideline has described how psychiatrists should evaluate individuals concerning their competence to stand trial. The Guideline describes acceptable forensic psychiatric practice for such evaluations. Where possible, it specifies standards of practice and principles of ethics and also emphasizes the importance of analyzing an individual defendant's case in the context of statutes and case law applicable in the jurisdiction where the evaluation takes place. The recommendations in the Guideline both reflect and are limited by evolving case law, statutory requirements, legal publications, and the current state of psychiatric knowledge. The authors have taken note of nationally applicable case law, federal constitutional standards, statutory language, and federal and state interpretations of the rights or statutes, recognizing that jurisdictions may differ in their specific interpretation or application of statutes or general constitutional standards. The review of cases concerning specific psychiatric diagnoses illustrates general U.S. trends, and psychiatrists must remain cognizant of their jurisdictions' interpretations of statutes or constitutional requirements. By surveying a variety of practices and approaches to data gathering and case analysis, the authors believe that this Guideline will stimulate additional collegial discussion about what is necessary and sufficient for adequate evaluations of adjudicative competence. The notion that psychiatrists should apply expertise to competence assessments stems from the principal that, before allowing a defendant to face criminal prosecution and possible punishment, courts need reasonable assurance--based, if necessary, on a careful, individualized

  15. Press self-regulation in Britain: a critique.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen-Almagor, Raphael

    2015-02-01

    This article reviews the history of press self-regulation in Britain, from the 1947 Ross Commission to the 2012 Leveson Inquiry Commission. It considers the history of the Press Council and the Press Complaints Commission, analysing the ways they developed, their work, and how they have reached their current non-status. It is argued that the existing situation in Britain is far from satisfactory, and that the press should advance more elaborate mechanisms of self-control, establishing a new regulatory body called the Public and Press Council that will be anchored in law, empowering the new regulator with greater and unprecedented authority, and equipping it with substantive sanctioning abilities. The Public and Press Council should be independent and effective, with transparent policies, processes and responsibilities. Its adjudication should be made in accordance with a written, detailed Code of Practice.

  16. Medical negligence: Coverage of the profession, duties, ethics, case law, and enlightened defense - A legal perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pandit, M S; Pandit, Shobha

    2009-07-01

    A patient approaching a doctor expects medical treatment with all the knowledge and skill that the doctor possesses to bring relief to his medical problem. The relationship takes the shape of a contract retaining the essential elements of tort. A doctor owes certain duties to his patient and a breach of any of these duties gives a cause of action for negligence against the doctor. The doctor has a duty to obtain prior informed consent from the patient before carrying out diagnostic tests and therapeutic management. The services of the doctors are covered under the provisions of the Consumer Protection Act, 1986 and a patient can seek redressal of grievances from the Consumer Courts. Case laws are an important source of law in adjudicating various issues of negligence arising out of medical treatment.

  17. Medical negligence: Coverage of the profession, duties, ethics, case law, and enlightened defense - A legal perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M S Pandit

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available A patient approaching a doctor expects medical treatment with all the knowledge and skill that the doctor possesses to bring relief to his medical problem. The relationship takes the shape of a contract retaining the essential elements of tort. A doctor owes certain duties to his patient and a breach of any of these duties gives a cause of action for negligence against the doctor. The doctor has a duty to obtain prior informed consent from the patient before carrying out diagnostic tests and therapeutic management. The services of the doctors are covered under the provisions of the Consumer Protection Act, 1986 and a patient can seek redressal of grievances from the Consumer Courts. Case laws are an important source of law in adjudicating various issues of negligence arising out of medical treatment.

  18. Balancing vaccine science and national policy objectives: lessons from the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program Omnibus Autism Proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keelan, Jennifer; Wilson, Kumanan

    2011-11-01

    The US Court of Federal Claims, which adjudicates cases for the National Vaccine Injury Compensation Program, has been confronted with more than 5000 cases submitted on behalf of children with autism spectrum disorders, seeking to link the condition to vaccination. Through a test case process, the Omnibus Autism Proceedings have in every instance found no association between autism spectrum disorders and vaccines. However, vaccine advocates have criticized the courts for having an overly permissive evidentiary test for causation and for granting credence to insupportable accusations of vaccine harm. In fact, the courts have functioned as intended and have allowed for a fair hearing of vaccine concerns while maintaining confidence in vaccines and providing protection to vaccine manufacturers.

  19. The Party Members’ Court: judicial control over intraparty disputes in Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier MARTÍN REYES

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Between 1997 and 2003, in a series of relevant cases, the Electoral Court of the Federal Judicial Branch (ECFJB increased its capacity to adjudicate intraparty disputes. This paper explains how the ECFJB, without a supporting legislation, was able to establish a direct and far reaching control over intraparty disputes such as the election of party leaders, the selection of candidates, or the punishment of party members. Following a strategic behavior approach, I will provide empirical evidence to prove that there was a negative correlation between the level of judicial control over the parties’ internal life, on the one hand, and the vulnerability of the ECFJB from the legislature and party leaders, on the other.

  20. Gu Jianfen Strikes Up the Melody of Life

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    IN 1987, the Fourth International Music Festival was held in Belgrade. When the Chinese song "The Green Leaves’s Love for the Root" was reverberating through the hall, the whole audience held their breath, listening attentively. This song not only moved all the people present but its approach of mode and the smooth and lyric melody left a deep impression on the adjudicators. As a result, this song won the third prize, the highest award any Chinese pop song had ever won at any international contest before 1987. The composer of this song is Gu Jianfen. Since the early 1980s, Gu Jianfen’s compositions have won her various awards in Chinese song contests. In 1985, five of her compositions won "Prize for Songs Favored by