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Sample records for activismo judicial sobre

  1. Impacto del activismo judicial sobre la garantia del derecho a la educacion en Santiago de Cali

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Recalde Castaneda, Gabriela

    2013-01-01

    ... derechos economicos, sociales y culturales, como la educacion. El denominado activismo judicial ha visibilizado la necesidad de replantear la nocion clasica de la separacion de poderes y las relaciones entre ramas del Poder Publico...

  2. La jurisdicción constitucional entre judicialización y activismo judicial: ¿Existe realmente "un activismo" o "el" activismo?

    OpenAIRE

    Mônia Clarissa Hennig Leal

    2012-01-01

    La jurisdicción constitucional ha ganado relieve en el contexto del Estado Constitucional, en cuanto garantizadora de la Constitución y de sus derechos fundamentales, siendo frecuentes las referencias a fenómenos como "judicialización" y "activismo judicial". Lo que se busca es analizar estos conceptos y algunas teorías respecto a la legitimidad de la jurisdicción, demostrando como ellos no poseen contenido unívoco, lo que dificulta el debate sobre la materia.

  3. Impacto del activismo judicial sobre la garantía del derecho a la educación en Santiago de Cali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Recalde Castañeda

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available La Corte Constitucional a través de la sentencia T-025 de 2004, declaró el estado de cosas inconstitucional en el caso del desplazamiento forzado en Colombia. Este tipo de decisiones ha sido objeto de debate acerca de la función que les corresponde, o no, cumplir a los jueces dentro de la formulación y seguimiento de las políticas públicas que garantizan derechos económicos, sociales y culturales, como la educación. El denominado activismo judicial ha visibilizado la necesidad de replantear la noción clásica de la separación de poderes y las relaciones entre ramas del Poder Público. A partir de la revisión de la situación de acceso y de las condiciones de permanencia en el sistema educativo de 285 menores, vinculados a una organización de población desplazada, y con el propósito de aportar algunas conclusiones a la comprensión de las relaciones entre ramas, este artículo pretende mostrar cómo un gobierno local, en este caso el de Santiago de Cali, ha adoptado la jurisprudencia de la Corte Constitucional para elaborar una política pública educativa dirigida a menores en situación de desplazamiento forzado. Se pretende esclarecer los alcances del activismo judicial a nivel local y predecir posibles efectos del uso de los indicadores o de la regulación que, en el caso de desplazamiento, se genera a partir del fallo judicial.

  4. Derechos sociales y activismo judicial: la dimensión fáctica del activismo judicial en derechos sociales en Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Paula Saffon; Mauricio García-Villegas

    2011-01-01

    Desde su creación en 1991, la Corte Constitucional colombiana (en adelante, CCC) ha sido uno de los principales protagonistas de la vida política e institucional del país. Su vigorosa intervención en varios asuntos económicos, políticos y sociales ha promovido cambios importantes en el balance institucional de poder, así como en la vida de minorías y grupos sociales tradicionalmente excluidos. Este activismo judicial progresista1 ha propiciado una gran cantidad de debates académicos y polític...

  5. Derechos sociales y activismo judicial: la dimensión fáctica del activismo judicial en derechos sociales en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Paula Saffon

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Desde su creación en 1991, la Corte Constitucional colombiana (en adelante, CCC ha sido uno de los principales protagonistas de la vida política e institucional del país. Su vigorosa intervención en varios asuntos económicos, políticos y sociales ha promovido cambios importantes en el balance institucional de poder, así como en la vida de minorías y grupos sociales tradicionalmente excluidos. Este activismo judicial progresista1 ha propiciado una gran cantidad de debates académicos y políticos: si bien ha tenido defensores entre algunos académicos, miembros de movimientos sociales, e incluso varios actores políticos y miembros de la rama judicial, también ha tenido muchos críticos entre esos y otros sectores más poderosos.

  6. Derechos sociales y activismo judicial: la dimensión fáctica del activismo judicial en derechos sociales en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Paula Saffon

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Desde su creación en 1991, la Corte Constitucional colombiana (en adelante, CCC ha sido uno de los principales protagonistas de la vida política e institucional del país. Su vigorosa intervención en varios asuntos económicos, políticos y sociales ha promovido cambios importantes en el balance institucional de poder, así como en la vida de minorías y grupos sociales tradicionalmente excluidos. Este activismo judicial progresista ha propiciado una gran cantidad de debates académicos y políticos: si bien ha tenido defensores entre algunos académicos, miembros de movimientos sociales, e incluso varios actores políticos y miembros de la rama judicial, también ha tenido muchos críticos entre esos y otros sectores más poderosos.

  7. Análisis económico del activismo judicial: el caso de la Corte Constitucional colombiana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jairo Andrés Castaño Peña

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Este escrito presenta una aproximación al fenómeno del activismo judicial desde la perspectiva del Análisis Económico del Derecho (AED. Como cometido, pretende mostrar que existen una serie de incentivos y de circunstancias que hacen que las decisiones de la Corte Constitucional colombiana se puedan calificar como activistas. Para tal fin, en primer lugar, se establecen unos derroteros básicos para la comprensión de la actividad judicial, específicamente de las funciones de control de constitucionalidad y de revisión de acción de tutela de la Corte Constitucional de Colombia; en segundo lugar, se realiza un acercamiento al concepto de activismo judicial, para, a continuación, presentar la formulación de políticas públicas y la creación de leyes como productos dentro de un modelo de mercado, esto con el fin de explicar y mostrar, desde el Análisis Económico del Derecho, las razones que explican la existencia del fenómeno del activismo judicial en el caso colombiano. En último lugar, se presentan dos casos de activismo judicial por parte de la Corte Constitucional colombiana: en primer término, el caso de la protección del derecho a la vivienda digna, o caso del UPAC, y en segundo término, el caso de la protección de los derechos de los recicladores de oficio; casos, uno y otro, donde se puede ver que existen incentivos que provocan decisiones activistas.

  8. Análisis económico del activismo judicial: el caso de la Corte Constitucional colombiana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jairo Andrés Castaño Peña

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Este escrito presenta una aproximación al fenómeno del activismo judicial desde la perspectiva del Análisis Económico del Derecho (AED. Como cometido, pretende mostrar que existen una serie de incentivos y de circunstancias que hacen que las decisiones de la Corte Constitucional colombiana se puedan calificar como activistas. Para tal fin, en primer lugar, se establecen unos derroteros básicos para la comprensión de la actividad judicial, específicamente de las funciones de control de constitucionalidad y de revisión de acción de tutela de la Corte Constitucional de Colombia; en segundo lugar, se realiza un acercamiento al concepto de activismo judicial, para, a continuación, presentar la formulación de políticas públicas y la creación de leyes como productos dentro de un modelo de mercado, esto con el fin de explicar y mostrar, desde el Análisis Económico del Derecho, las razones que explican la existencia del fenómeno del activismo judicial en el caso colombiano. En último lugar, se presentan dos casos de activismo judicial por parte de la Corte Constitucional colombiana: en primer término, el caso de la protección del derecho a la vivienda digna, o caso del UPAC, y en segundo término, el caso de la protección de los derechos de los recicladores de oficio; casos, uno y otro, donde se puede ver que existen incentivos que provocan decisiones activistas.

  9. Judicialización de la política y activismo judicial: una aproximación a América Latina

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    Marco Feoli V.

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Hay cosas que hacen los jueces que están impactando la esfera política, la esfera de quienes representan a los otros órganos estatales. Durante mucho tiempo se aceptó que los jueces tenían un ámbito de acción distinto al de las otras instituciones públicas; sin embargo, en los últimos años esto se ha ido modificando. Se asiste a un progresivo desmantelamiento de aquella idea, hoy la visión del juez “boca de la ley”, aplicador mecánico de normas, se aleja de las funciones que está desempeñando. Este alejamiento ha contribuido a que se hayan ido instalando conceptos como judicialización de la política o activismo judicial. Sobre sus alcances y la diferencia entre ellos trata el siguiente artículo.

  10. La última reforma constitucional en Bolivia. Activismo Judicial por medio del recurso de Amparo

    OpenAIRE

    Santiago Salame, Soraya

    2010-01-01

    [ES] Esta tesis persigue la necesidad de contribuir a demostrar la importancia que ha tenido la creación de la justicia constitucional en Bolivia. Para ello se realiza un análisis detallado de lo que fue la división del poder público en Bolivia y el control de constitucionalidad antes de la implementación del Tribunal Constitucional para establecer los cambios que supuso no solamente en el ámbito judicial, sino también en el político y social, la incorporación de un órgano especializado de co...

  11. El derecho como un campo según Pierre Bourdieu: el caso del precedente constitucional sobre protección laboral a la maternidad. Posibilidades y límites del activismo constitucional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Orlando Aguirre

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Entre los casos a través de los cuales la Corte Constitucional ha consolidado importantes precedentes, se destaca que se refiere a la protección constitucional del derecho a la estabilidad laboral de la mujer embarazada. El presente ar tículo retoma la discusión sobre el derecho como campo jurídico a partir de Pierre Bourdieu, y reconstruye una línea jurisprudencial de la Corte Constitucional para ilustrar el problema. Finalmente, se reflexiona acerca de las relaciones entre el precedente judicial y activismo constitucional.

  12. Equidad , inclusión social y democracia: una respuesta crítica a los argumentos en contra del activismo judicial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonzalo Aguilar Cavallo

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo desarrollaremos un análisis crítico de los argumentos elaborados por losopositores del activismo judicial, jerga utilizada, generalmente, para juzgar de modo negativo los casosen donde el juez decide adjudicando un derecho social. Así, intentaremos mostrar que tal adjudicaciónse enmarca totalmente en la actividad jurisdiccional asignada por la Constitución chilena, concluyendoque ella resulta relevante en el contexto de una sociedad inequitativa, como un medio para realizar lajusticia social y realizar los ideales democráticos. La metodología que emplearemos dice relación con elestudio y análisis de la dogmática, relativa a la adjudicación de derechos sociales por parte de los jueces.

  13. Activismo indígena en Latinamérica: nuevos estudios, nuevos enfoques sobre los movimientos sociales étnicos

    OpenAIRE

    GARCÍA, CLAUDIA

    2003-01-01

    Recent publications by Staffan Löfving, Heidi Moksnes, Rachel Sieder y Kay B. Warren y Jean E. Jackson, which discuss Indian activism in southern Mexico and Guatemala and which reflect a new historiographic trend, are subjected to critical scruting.

    La reciente publicación de las monografías de Staffan Löfving, Heidi Moksnes, Rachel Sieder y Kay B. Warren y Jean E. Jackson sobre el activismo indígena en el sur de México y Guatemala suponen un nuevo enfoque historiográfico q...

  14. Activismo indígena en Latinamérica: nuevos estudios, nuevos enfoques sobre los movimientos sociales étnicos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García, Claudia

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Recent publications by Staffan Löfving, Heidi Moksnes, Rachel Sieder y Kay B. Warren y Jean E. Jackson, which discuss Indian activism in southern Mexico and Guatemala and which reflect a new historiographic trend, are subjected to critical scruting.

    La reciente publicación de las monografías de Staffan Löfving, Heidi Moksnes, Rachel Sieder y Kay B. Warren y Jean E. Jackson sobre el activismo indígena en el sur de México y Guatemala suponen un nuevo enfoque historiográfico que se analiza en detalle en este artículo.

  15. ESTRATEGIAS JURÍDICAS Y PROCESOS POLÍTICOS EN EL ACTIVISMO DE LOS DERECHOS HUMANOS: EL CASO DE LA MORGUE JUDICIAL

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    Maria José Sarrabayrouse Oliveira

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: O presente artigo resulta da re-escrita de um dos capítulos da minha tese de doutorado “Etnografía das práticas e procedimentos justiça penal perante a última ditadura militar (1976-1983” (2008. A pesquisa estruturou-se sobre a análise dos documentos de um processo judicial conhecido pelo nome de “Processo do Necrotério Judicial”. O processo judicial teve inicio no fim da ditadura militar, a partir de uma denúncia feita pelo Centro de Estudos Legais e Sociais (CELS. Nessa denúncia colocava-se que no período 1976-1980, o necrotério judicial tinha feito autópsias, certidões de óbito e ordenado inumações de vários cadáveres de pessoas detidas e desaparecidas pela ordem das forças militares sem a intervenção de um juiz competente. Na denúncia estavam envolvidos vários militares e membros do judiciário. O presente trabalho não procura expor o desenvolvimento do processo nem as suas implicações, mas analisar as diferentes marcas deixadas pela burocracia do judiciário através de escritos, notas, ordens, resoluções; tanto assim como as explicações sobre diferentes tipos de procedimentos –rotinários, excepcionais ou irregulares- oferecidas pelos funcionários e médicos do Necrotério Judicial e do Corpo Médico (CMF. São esses elementos todos os que possibilitaram reconstruir grande parte da história, e por sua vez foram os utilizados pelos advogados do CELS como provas para suster a sua denúncia no judiciário. No que faz a esse último assunto, pretendo indagar sobre as particulares características que apresentava a estratégia política desenvolvida pelo CELS, na qual a disputa em termos jurídicos foi a ponta-de-lança e eixo de discussão. Assunto esse último através do qual procura-se demonstrar que o judiciário funcionou como uma areia de disputa na qual livraram-se múltiples batalhas.Abstract: The present article is an edited version of one of the chapters of my doctoral dissertation

  16. Estado Socio-Ambiental de Derecho y o Constitucionalismo Garantista. Lo Principio in Dubio pro Natura Como Mecanismo Del Control do Activismo Judicial Contrario a la Tutela del Derechos Fundamentales Ambientales.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucas de Souza Lehfeld

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available El principio in dubio pro natura é aplicación hermenéutica de derecho por los tribunales y mecanismo de control do activismo judicial cuando se refiere a derechos fundamentales ambientales. En un Estado Socio-ambiental de Derecho, no si pode descartar la tutela ambiental en decisiones judiciales ante el poder económico. La fundamentación judicial se condiciona a lo referido principio, verdadero encargo argumentativo para justificar la eliminación de la protección ambiental ante a situaciones como "hechos consumados" y periculum in mora (inreverso. Lo trabajo se desarrolla a partir de investigación bibliográfica, documental y cualitativa, e dos métodos deductivo, inductivo y analítico.

  17. Trayectorias académicas en los estudios sobre géneros y sexualidades: tensiones entre profesionalización, activismo y experiencia biográfica

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    Rafael Blanco

    Full Text Available Resumen Este trabajo analiza las relaciones entre profesionalización, activismo y experiencia biográfica en las trayectorias de tres académicas que se desempeñan en los estudios sobre géneros y sexualidades, un área con tradición en el campo político extrauniversitario. Como hipótesis se sostiene que el análisis de estas trayectorias permite reconstruir tanto el proceso de institucionalización de esta área de conocimiento y las trasformaciones en las formas de investigar y enseñar en ciencias sociales, como también los cambios entre los espacios público, privado e íntimo que reconfiguran las biografías de los sujetos institucionales. Partiendo de una estrategia cualitativa, se realizaron entrevistas en profundidad a partir de la construcción de una muestra intencionada que indagaron el proceso de formación universitaria, la inserción en el ámbito académico y el ingreso y desarrollo en el sistema científico. Interesó atender a las particularidades de una generación que ha ingresado a la actividad académica en el marco de una profesionalización que está reconvirtiendo de manera acelerada la labor cotidiana en las universidades argentinas. Como conclusiones se destaca que el ingreso en esta área de conocimiento propicia una relectura de sus propias biografías, politizando la propia narrativa personal a partir de un saber específico. A su vez, que la tarea docente es resignificada en términos de activismo por su posibilidad de intervención sobre las biografías de estudiantes y las dinámicas pedagógicas actuales. Por último, que esta actividad constituye un modo de resistencia frente a la actual desvalorización de la transmisión de conocimiento por sobre su circulación en revistas internacionales.

  18. Potencialidades y limitaciones de los entornos virtuales colaborativos y las herramientas web 2.0 en la promoción del activismo sobre cuestiones ambientales en estudiantes de básica secundaria

    OpenAIRE

    Garcia-Bermúdez, Sismay; Reis,Pedro; Vázquez-Bernal, Bartolomé

    2014-01-01

    Esta comunicación presenta algunos resultados preliminares de un trabajo de doctorado que tiene como objetivo identificar cuáles son las potencialidades y limitaciones de los entornos virtuales colaborativos y las herramientas web 2.0 en la promoción del activismo sobre cuestiones ambientales en estudiantes de básica secundaria, se hace una descripción de la metodología que se enmarca dentro del paradigma de la complejidad y la evolución, la investigación acción y el análisis documental, es d...

  19. Producción y difusión de vídeos digitales sobre contaminación ambiental. Estudio de caso: Activismo colectivo basado en la investigación

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    Ana Rita Marques

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available La probabilidad de que los estudiantes emprendan una ciudadanía activa en el futuro es mayor si los alentamos a actuar ahora, proporcionándoles oportunidades de hacerlo y de asumirse como ciudadanos capaces de contribuir a la solución de los problemas de nuestra sociedad actual. La presente investigación, con la participación de un grupo de estudiantes de entre 12 y 13 años de edad y las disciplinas de las Ciencias Naturales y las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación, tuvo como objetivo el estudio de los efectos de la realización y difusión de vídeos digitales sobre el tema de la contaminación ambiental en las percepciones que los alumnos tienen sobre su propia capacitación para la acción y el desarrollo de competencias de activismo. La producción de vídeos digitales por estudiantes, generalmente asociada al ocio y el entretenimiento, puede utilizarse como una actividad de la enseñanza y, particularmente, el aprendizaje de las ciencias. En este estudio, su realización y posterior divulgación también se utilizó como estrategia de activismo destinada a la educación. El estudio, centrado sobre todo en un análisis cuantitativo, integra un estudio más amplio, de naturaleza mixta. Los resultados muestran una evolución positiva en la percepción de los estudiantes sobre su capacidad de acción, así como el desarrollo de competencias básicas para la acción colectiva basada en la investigación.

  20. La decisión judicial sobre la muerte de Gaitán

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    Carlos Ariel Sanchez-Torres

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Este documento contiene la decisión judicial sobre la autoría intelectual y material de la muerte del caudillo liberal Jorge Eliécer Gaitán. En ella se analizan y se desechan de manera sistemática distintas hipótesis sobre la muerte del caudillo, para concluir en la autoría individual de Juan Roa Sierra. El comentario discurre sobre las distintas hipótesis planteadas a lo largo de 50 años en torno al crimen de Jorge Eliécer Gaitán y está orientado a preparar la lectura de la decisión judicial.

  1. Usos políticos y activismo feminista de las páginas web sobre violencia contra las mujeres en España: una visión a partir de las potenciales usuarias

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    Sonia NÚÑEZ PUENTE

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El uso de Internet y de las Nuevas Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación están transformando las vías de representación y movilización políticas en la praxis feminista. Sus usos, institucionales y ciudadanos, configuran y alteran la esfera pública y contribuyen a situar en dicha esfera los objetivos fundamentales del activismo feminista. En este sentido, siendo el problema de la violencia contra las mujeres uno de los principales objetos de la praxis feminista actual, urge examinar la formación de comunidades virtuales feministas y la propia praxis feminista online como instrumentos de debate y movilización en el caso concreto de la lucha contra la violencia hacia las mujeres. Aunque en nuestra investigación proyectamos un estudio de caso, las páginas web dedicadas a la lucha contra la violencia hacia las mujeres y la consecuente formación de comunidades virtuales asentadas en la praxis feminista, adoptamos una perspectiva multidisciplinar: la única capaz de arrojar luz sobre el potencial de Internet y las NTIC en las dimensiones reivindicativa y participativa de la praxis feminista española online. Pretendemos identificar una tipología de usuarias de dichas comunidades virtuales feministas y de sus páginas web, y, también, sistematizar sus patrones de consumo. Intentaremos explicarlos en relación con las características de la articulación de los colectivos en red orientados a la praxis feminista en España y cómo estas comunidades online han conseguido importantes logros políticos en relación con la lucha contra la violencia hacia las mujeres como es el caso de la aprobación de la Ley Orgánica de Medidas de Protección Integral contra la Violencia de Género. Para ello hemos realizado una encuesta a una muestra representativa de las potenciales usuarias, víctimas de violencia de género, de las páginas web dedicadas a la lucha contra la violencia hacia las mujeres sobre los usos políticos y de activismo

  2. activismo y estéticas en experimento

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    Omar Rincón

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Podemos comunicarlo todo: tenemos las tecnologías de la comunicación cada vez más cerca; pero no podemos contar nada, porque no tenemos nada qué decir, ni sabemos cómo decirlo. Hay que inventarlo todo, intervenir de nuevo la sociedad desde la comunicación. Es necesario convertir los medios en experiencia estética, social y política. ¿Cómo? Usando a las tecnologías para el activismo y el experimento; recurriendo a los llamado retro, porque no es lo más actual, lo más mercado, como experiencia de inspiración y emoción. Hay que volver a las estéticas, a los modos de narrar y a las historias que están inscritas en nuestras identidades locales; en nuestras sensibilidades femeninas, juveniles o sexuales; en nuestras tradiciones étnicas, o en nuestros modos urbanos. Sólo basta una minicámara para inventar el universo. En este ensayo se realiza un alegato contra los universos estético-narrativopolíticos construidos por la máquina televisiva y la homogeneidad del mercado. En este texto se argumenta a favor del activismo comunicativo, de la exploración tecnológica y de la inspiración étnica como estrategias para generar una mayor conciencia sobre el valor social de la comunicación, la intervención estético-narrativa de la sociedad y la importancia política de los medios de la gente.

  3. Um enfoque sanitário sobre a demanda judicial de medicamentos A sanitary focus on medicines lawsuit

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    Tatiana Aragão Figueiredo

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available No Brasil, apesar dos avanços da assistência farmacêutica, permanecem falhas na garantia do acesso dos cidadãos aos medicamentos pelo Estado. Nos últimos anos, vem crescendo a reivindicação de medicamentos por parte do cidadão via sistema judiciário. Os objetos dessas solicitações são tanto os medicamentos em falta na rede pública como aqueles ainda não incorporados pelo Sistema Único de Saúde. Este fenômeno pode ser analisado sob diferentes perspectivas, inclusive a sanitária, entendida aqui como os desfechos sobre a saúde dos indivíduos que demandam estes medicamentos. O presente texto busca discutir as principais características das demandas judiciais frente aos seguintes aspectos: o uso racional de medicamentos, o uso de evidências científicas para a indicação terapêutica proposta e o quanto as demandas se justificam diante do conceito de acesso adotado pelo campo da assistência farmacêutica. Ponderações podem ser feitas no sentido de minimizar os riscos à saúde dos demandantes de medicamentos por via judicial, sobretudo quando o objeto da ação são medicamentos não pertencentes às listas de fornecimento público, ou com uso off label, ou desprovidos de registro no país. Considera-se que o Judiciário, a partir do fornecimento de medicamentos, busca garantir a saúde dos demandantes, e assim a dignidade da pessoa humana. Cabe ressaltar que este objetivo só será atingido quando a garantia da saúde estiver associada aos aspectos que certificam a segurança do paciente, inclusive no uso de medicamentos.In Brazil, in spite of advances in the field of pharmaceutical care, problems in assurance, by the State, of access to medicines persist. Since the early 1990s, the judicial demand of medicines by citizens has increased. The lawsuits demand medicines that are out-of-stock in the public sector as well as medicines that have not yet been incorporated by the Brazilian Health System. This phenomenon may be

  4. Sobre la cientificidad de la prueba científica en el proceso judicial

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    Carmen Vázquez-Rojas

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available En los últimos años diversos ordenamientos, resoluciones jurisprudenciales y la doctrina han venido considerando como criterio de admisión o de valoración de las pruebas periciales su “cientificidad”. Con independencia de cualquier problema procesal que esto pudiera generar, parece presuponerse una diferencia sustantiva entre una prueba pericial científica y una prueba pericial no-científica o incluso entre una prueba pericial y una prueba científica. Evidentemente, la pregunta inicial sería, pues, en qué consiste dicha cientificidad. Y este es precisamente el problema que este trabajo pretende abordar, arrojando, a su vez, un poco de luz sobre la “imagen jurídica” de la empresa científica. Entre otras cosas, a dichos efectos, se aborda la experiencia estadounidense en el tema básicamente mediante el paradigmático caso Daubert. Todos estos problemas fundamentalmente teóricos tienen o han tenido ya grandes implicaciones en la práctica de los tribunales de justicia.

  5. Activismo y Prácticas Digitales en la Construcción de una Esfera LGTB en España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Begonya Enguix Grau

    Full Text Available RESUMEN A partir de una interrogación antropológica sobre las “comunidades” y la construcción de una “esfera pública”, este artículo aborda las estrategias digitales que sirven para dar forma a lo que podría denominarse como la esfera LGTB española. Consideramos el activismo LGTB como el principal productor de discurso social legitimado y por ello hemos analizado las páginas web de siete colectivos LGTB y otros recursos digitales para examinar la articulación de prácticas digitales y no digitales, que se basan en un conocimiento compartido que evoca las identidades colectivas y retroalimenta el activismo. Tras combinar trabajo de campo antropológico sobre el activismo y etnografías digitales de entornos virtuales, consideramos que a pesar del uso intensivo de los recursos digitales, la esfera LGTB sigue dependiendo en gran medida de las redes sociales tradicionales. Como consecuencia, ponemos en duda la utilidad de la conceptualización de las relaciones digitales y no digitales como separadas y distintas y discutimos esa imbricación como una característica del activismo contemporáneo.

  6. La "cultura de la vida": desplazamientos estratégicos del activismo católico conservador frente a los derechos sexuales y reproductivos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Marco Vaggione

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo considera las principales dimensiones del activismo católico conservador sobre la sexualidad a partir del análisis de la Encíclica Evangelium Vitae (1995. El análisis se focaliza en tres dimensiones: la oposición entre cultura de la vida y cultura de la muerte como el enmarque político; los desplazamientos del activismo católico conservador para intervenir en los principales debates públicos; las principales estrategias propuestas para evitar la sanción o la vigencia de los derechos sexuales y reproductivos. A través de estos ejes, se contribuye a la comprensión de las rearticulaciones en las formas de intervención de la Iglesia Católica como una parte constitutiva de la política sexual contemporánea.

  7. Reflexiones sobre la congestión judicial en la Jurisdicción de lo contencioso-administrativo colombiana

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    Leonardo Augusto Torres-Calderón

    2010-03-01

    Para resolverla es necesario adoptar medidas  como: crear  un cargo  adicional  de abogado auxiliar en  los  tribunales   administrativos   más  congestionados,   distribuir más equitativamente  los expedientes,  disminuir el tiempo  de atención   al público, crear  Jueces  especializados  de  acciones  constitucionales    limitar  el  número  de apelaciones  y consultas,  instaurar  un arancel  judicial  para  demandas  de mayor cuantía,  establecer en acciones de reparación directa y contractuales la necesidad de agotar previamente la vía administrativa, implantar un procedimiento sumario y breve  para asuntos de menor cuantía,  extender los efectos  de las sentencias  a casos similares que  no hayan sido sometidos a los tribunales,  atribuir facultades jurisdiccionales  a  los  secretarios  e  imponer  a  los  abogados  demandantes  la obligación  de presentar  con  la  demanda  todas  las pruebas  que  deba  tener  la  parte actora en su poder.

  8. El convenio de la Unión Europea sobre competencia judicial, reconocimiento y ejecución de resoluciones en materia matrimonial: un ejercicio de preciosismo barroco

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    Ruben B. Santos Belandro

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available El grupo de países europeos que se encuentra comprometido en el proceso de integración económica formuló hace ya tiempo, los criterios para determinar las bases de competencia a fi~ de resolver los litigios de derecho privado que pudieran surgir en dicho espacio geográfico. El documento elaborado fue el Convenio de Bruselas sobre competencia judicial y ejecución de las resoluciones en materia civil y mercantil del 27 de setiembre de 1968. Sin embargo, en dicho momento no fue posible regular las bases de competencia en los procedimientos civiles que se vinculaban conlos temas del divorcio, de la separación legal de los cónyuges y acerca de las cuestiones relacionadas conla nulidad del matrimonio (...Contenido: Ambito de aplicación. Bases de competencia directa. Verificación de la competenciay verificación de la admisibilidad. Litispendentia y acciones conexas. Reconocimiento y ejecución. Definiciones. Ejecución.Procedimiento de la ejecución. Ejecución parcial. Cláusulas de compatibilidad interconvencionales. Tribunal de Justicia de las Comunidades Europeas. Una visión general del Convenio

  9. Activismo legal como factor de cambio en el gobierno corporativo

    OpenAIRE

    García Núñez, Heriberto; Cortez Alejandro, Klender Aimer.; Rodríguez García, Martha del Pilar.

    2009-01-01

    Durante las últimas dos décadas, los inversionistas institucionales han sufrido daños en sus inversiones, derivados de fraudes corporativos, falta de transparencia en la información presentada a los inversionistas, mala gestión de los negocios y procesos de toma de decisiones deficientes. Debido a sus pérdidas patrimoniales, los fondos han cambiado recientemente la manera de gestionar sus portafolios. Una respuesta a dicha problemática es el “activismo legal”, que requiere adentrarse en una f...

  10. Judicialização da política: um ensaio sobre o procedimentalismo deliberativo na jurisdição constitucional brasileira / Judicialization of politics: an essay on deliberative proceduralism in brazilian judicial review

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    Marcio Renan Hamel

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumo O presente texto aborda o crescente fenômeno da judicialização da política no contexto brasileiro, questionando se a principal metodologia do Poder Judiciário deve ser a de criar espaços ou a de ser espaço. A defesa é embasada na obra do filósofo Jürgen Habermas, apontando-se para um aumento da atividade procedimental democrática de deliberação pública, legitimando a lei positiva e diminuindo a intervenção judiciária. Palavras-chave: Judicialização; política; procedimento; democracia; jurisdição. Abstract The present text deals with the growing phenomenon of politics judicialization in the brazilian context, questioning wheter the main methodology of the Judiciary should be to create spaces or to be space. The defence is based on the work of the philosopher Jürgen Habermas, pointing to an increased of the democratic procedural activity of public deliberation, legitimising positive law and decreasing judicial intervention. Keywords: Judicialization; policy; procedure; democracy; jurisdiction.

  11. Activismo y Prácticas Digitales en la Construcción de una Esfera LGTB en España

    OpenAIRE

    Begonya Enguix Grau

    2016-01-01

    RESUMEN A partir de una interrogación antropológica sobre las “comunidades” y la construcción de una “esfera pública”, este artículo aborda las estrategias digitales que sirven para dar forma a lo que podría denominarse como la esfera LGTB española. Consideramos el activismo LGTB como el principal productor de discurso social legitimado y por ello hemos analizado las páginas web de siete colectivos LGTB y otros recursos digitales para examinar la articulación de prácti...

  12. Las leyes sobre vagancia: Control policial y práctica judicial en el ocaso de la frontera (Tandil 1872-1881

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    Gisela Sedeillán

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available A fines de la década de 1870, el gobierno provincial, con el objeto de lograr mayor control social sobre la población rural, implementó una reestructuración policial en la campaña bonaerense. La misma tenía por objetivo afianzar la propiedad privada y contribuir al mercado de trabajo, asimismo perseguía un fuerte interés en satisfacer la necesidad del estado de hombres en plena etapa de expansión de la frontera. La presión reclutadora del estado se reflejará en un aumento de detenidos por vagancia, dado que las leyes de represión de la vagancia del Código Rural permitían su penalización al servicio de las armas. El Código Rural sancionado en 1865 estipulaba dos normas procesales a cumplir en los acusados: formación de un sumario y constitución de un jury para su juzgamiento. Disposiciones que raramente se pusieron en práctica por los jueces de paz desde que esta legislación entró en vigencia. Será a fines de la década de 1870 cuando el gobierno exigirá más firmemente no solo la persecución de la vagancia sino también la aplicación de estas normas procesales en los acusados. Aún así, el análisis de la práctica judicial revelará que continuará existiendo una constante manipulación normativa sobre la base de dos valores que se intentaban afianzar, el trabajo y la propiedad. En los perjudiciales que atentaran contra estos dos valores, será en quienes se manipulará la normativa sancionada y se canalizará la presión reclutadora.

  13. Biosociabilidad y demandas por derechos en el activismo de personas de sectores populares afectadas por VIH-SIDA

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    Juan José Gregoric

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo despliega resultados de una etnografía sobre el activismo de personas afectadas por el VIH-SIDA de barrios populares del Área Metropolitana de Buenos Aires. Analizo aspectos de la conformación de grupos y asociaciones de activistas, la construcción de espacios de contención y sociabilidad y las demandas generadas para garantizar el acceso a tratamientos antirretrovirales gratuitos y mejorar la asistencia que reciben desde el Estado. Intento mostrar que, para una parte de la población afectada, el VIH-SIDA devino un eje político para organizarse legítimamente, crear reivindicaciones expresadas en términos del derecho a la salud y la vida y a partir de allí también reclamar un mayor acceso a derechos sociales.

  14. Textos en contexto: activismo de las mujeres afrocolombianas en el litoral pacífico colombiano

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    Kiran Asher Traducción Adriana Escobar

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available Este documento recorre la línea divisoria entre teóricos feministas y expertos de género que se orientan hacia la praxis, con el fin de apoyar una lectura más adecuada de las críticas feministas poscoloniales en torno al género y al desarrollo.Inspirándose en el activismo de las mujeres afrocolombianas del Litoral Pacífico de Colombia, este texto argumenta que el «lenguaje teórico denso» de feministas poscoloniales no está dirigido a las mujeres del Tercer Mundo. Así mismo, fundamenta el hecho de que las mujeres de esta región poseen una habilidad independiente para actuar y reflexionar sobre su propia realidad y afirma que tales enfoques exhortan a los investigadores, académicos, activistas y expertos en género del Norte y el Sur a hacer una reflexión crítica de sus deseos y métodos para mejorar la vida de las mujeres del Tercer Mundo, así como a comprometerse con políticas feministas estratégicas más inclusivas.

  15. On Judicial and Quasi-Judicial Independence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Comtois, Suzanne; de Graaf, K.J.

    2013-01-01

    'Principles of judicial and quasi-judicial independence are fundamental to all democracies and yet, the notion of independence is still elusive. What is judicial and quasi-judicial independence and why is it important? From whom and what are the judiciary and other adjudicators to be independent? Is

  16. Límites a la Universalidad de los Derechos Humanos: Representaciones Sociales en el Sistema Judicial sobre los Migrantes Internacionales como Titulares de Derechos

    OpenAIRE

    Anahí González

    2017-01-01

    RESUMEN El presente artículo aborda las representaciones sociales presentes en el sistema judicial del Área Metropolitana de Buenos Aires (AMBA) acerca de los derechos humanos de los migrantes internacionales llegados a la Argentina desde la mitad del siglo XX a la actualidad. A partir de una investigación de carácter cualitativo, que llevó a cabo cincuenta entrevistas en profundidad a miembros del sistema judicial del AMBA, se evidencian discursos excluyentes que se alejan de una perspectiva...

  17. Evaluating Judicial Performance: Editors’ Introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Contini

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The articles in this issue tackle the conceptual issues associated with defining good judging and the purposes of evaluating judges, and ask such questions as: What values are central to the judicial role? What knowledge, skills, abilities, and other qualities are important to judicial performance? What does scholarship tell us about judging and judicial performance? What are the challenges in measuring judicial performance, the extent to which existing evaluation programs can capture what it means to be a judge, and the potential for developing multi-method evaluation programs? An underlying theme is the nature and desirability of linking evaluations of individual judges with evaluations of the court system and the ways in which results from performance evaluation can be incorporated into educational and other programs designed to promote improvements in the quality of the judiciary. The papers cluster around three major themes: (i Conceptual and methodological issues; (ii Experiences of evaluating judges; and (iii Empirical research findings. Los artículos de este número abordan aspectos conceptuales asociados con el hecho de juzgar de forma correcta y los propósitos de evaluar a los jueces, y plantean preguntas como: ¿qué valores son básicos en el rol judicial? ¿Qué conocimiento, aptitudes, habilidades y otras cualidades son importantes para el rendimiento judicial? ¿Qué nos dice el mundo académico sobre el hecho de juzgar y el rendimiento judicial? ¿Cuáles son los retos en la medición del rendimiento judicial, hasta qué punto los programas de evaluación existentes pueden capturar lo que significa ser un juez, y el potencial para desarrollar programas de evaluación multidisciplinares? Un tema subyacente es la naturaleza y la deseabilidad de unir evaluaciones de jueces individuales con evaluaciones del sistema judicial, y las formas en las que los resultados del rendimiento judicial se pueden incorporar en programas educativos

  18. Límites a la Universalidad de los Derechos Humanos: Representaciones Sociales en el Sistema Judicial sobre los Migrantes Internacionales como Titulares de Derechos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anahí González

    Full Text Available RESUMEN El presente artículo aborda las representaciones sociales presentes en el sistema judicial del Área Metropolitana de Buenos Aires (AMBA acerca de los derechos humanos de los migrantes internacionales llegados a la Argentina desde la mitad del siglo XX a la actualidad. A partir de una investigación de carácter cualitativo, que llevó a cabo cincuenta entrevistas en profundidad a miembros del sistema judicial del AMBA, se evidencian discursos excluyentes que se alejan de una perspectiva universalista y respetuosa de los derechos de los migrantes. Al analizar los resultados encontrados, se discuten tres dimensiones de análisis: la política migratoria anhelada, la competencia entre nativos y migrantes en el acceso a derechos económicos y sociales y, finalmente, la concepción de ciudadanía restringida.

  19. El activismo de los inversionistas institucionales en el gobierno de las grandes sociedades

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    Carlos Ernesto Arcudia Hernández

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El movimiento del gobierno corporativo ha propuesto una serie de medidas que buscan resolver los problemas de separación entre el control y la gestión de las sociedades anónimas -los problemas de agencia. En este trabajo analizamos el activismo de los inversionistas institucionales como medio de control a la administración de sociedades de capital disperso. Los inversionistas institucionales en Estados Unidos han actuado por vía extraorgánica y por vía orgánica para controlar la gestión de las grandes sociedades de ese país. Si bien este activismo es una posible solución, la estructura de capital de las grandes sociedades anónimas mexicanas y los intereses de los inversores institucionales hacen un tanto difícil su actuación en nuestro país.

  20. Arcoíris documental: tejido del activismo sexodiverso en Venezuela

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    José Alirio Peña Zerpa

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Un rasgo determinante en la identificación de un documental de temática sexodiversa es la aparición de personajes protagónicos LGBTI (lesbianas, gays, bisexuales, trans e intersexuales, independientemente de la autoría o del público a quien va dirigido. Partiendo de la situación actual del activismo sexodiverso en Venezuela se realiza una retrospectiva a partir de los documentales producidos desde 1982, construyéndose de este modo un tejido activista; esa habilidad para que las acciones individuales y colectivas beneficien a aquellas personas LGBTI que sienten vulnerados sus derechos. Los directores durante el proceso de realización deben documentarse, acercase a la temática o asumir el documental como un género para hacer activismo con la cámara. El activismo sexodiverso en Venezuela puede tejerse desde los documentales y la experiencia de sus documentalistas, acercándonos a sus vivencias, creencias, valores, saberes, militancia (no militancia y prejuicios. El documental se constituye en el mejor producto activista de un determinado momento histórico; una reconstrucción y explicación diferente a la escrita, mediante la imagen, el sonido, la emoción y el montaje.

  1. Internação psiquiátrica e ordem judicial: saberes e poderes sobre adolescentes usuários de drogas ilícitas Internación psiquiátrica y orden judicial: saberes y poderes sobre adolescentes usuarios de drogas ilícitas Psychiatric internments and judicial orders: knowledge and power with regard to drug-abuse young people

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Cristina Coelho Scisleski

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa a internação psiquiátrica compulsória destinada a adolescentes usuários de drogas que vivem em situação de marginalidade social, a partir de uma pesquisa de mestrado no Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia Social e Institucional/UFRGS, realizada em um hospital psiquiátrico público na cidade de Porto Alegre/Brasil. O objetivo do estudo é investigar como a internação psiquiátrica, nesses moldes, é produzida, levando em conta as trajetórias sociais dos adolescentes. A discussão reside em debater a internação psiquiátrica compulsória no encaminhamento de adolescentes aos serviços de saúde, pondo em questão seus efeitos no campo das políticas públicas e nos processos de subjetivação. Conclui-se que a ordem judicial nos encaminhamentos à internação psiquiátrica pode funcionar tanto como uma forma de punição aos adolescentes quanto como um meio de acesso aos serviços de saúde.Este artículo analiza la internación psiquiátrica por determinación judicial direccionada a adolescentes usuarios de drogas ilícitas, que viven en situación de marginalidad social, desde una investigación de Maestría en "Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia Social e Institucional/UFRGS", realizada en un Hospital Psiquiátrico público en la ciudad de Porto Alegre/Brasil. El objetivo de este estudio es investigar como la internación psiquiátrica es producida de esa manera, llevando en cuenta las trayectorias sociales de los adolescentes internos. La discusión reside en debatir la internación psiquiátrica por determinación judicial en encaminamiento de adolescentes a los servicios de salud, cuestionando sus efectos en el campo de las políticas públicas y en los procesos de subjetivación que afectan la vida de esos pacientes. Se concluye que la determinación judicial en los encaminamientos a la internación psiquiátrica puede funcionar tanto como una manera de punición a los adolescentes como tambi

  2. Acceso equitativo a servicios de agua potable y alcantarillado: una oportunidad para el activismo judicial y social a nivel local

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Recalde Castañeda

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available En Colombia cerca del 97% y el 87% de la población accede a servicios de agua potable y saneamiento (SAPS, respectivamente. No obstante, el país tiene el reto de atacar la inequidad en la provisión de estos servicios públicos, la cual afecta particularmente a la población con un nivel de ingreso muy bajo y localizada en zonas rurales y periurbanas caracterizadas por su escaso desarrollo. Entre los factores que permiten la persistencia de esta brecha, se encuentran la falta de estrategias de gestión y ejecución de los municipios para garantizar procesos urbanísticos organizados e incluyentes. En este artículo pretendo mostrar que el uso adecuado de las órdenes complejas por parte de jueces locales en casos estructurales que involucran la provisión de SAPS, puede ser una herramienta de desbloqueo institucional que permita atacar las inequidades que afectan a las poblaciones socioeconómicamente vulnerables y por ende, garantizar el goce efectivo de los derechos al agua potable y el saneamiento básico.

  3. Evaluating Judicial Performance Evaluation: A Conceptual Analysis

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    Joe McIntyre

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available While the performance evaluation of judges has become a ubiquitous aspect of modern judicial administration, evaluation mechanisms of are too often utilised uncritically, without reflection on why we evaluate judges, and how ‘measurement’ furthers these objectives. This article provides a conceptual analysis of the role and purpose of performance evaluation, conceiving it as a limited tool of judicial accountability, which itself exists only to promote excellent judging. As such, the efficacy of evaluation mechanisms must always be assessed by reference to their impact on these overarching accountability objectives. The article explores the value of this conception approach by briefly examining three uses of performance evaluation: 1 judicial promotions; 2 judicial retention elections; and 3 judicial professional development. In doing so it illustrates how a clear conceptual approach invites a more nuanced and critical examination of the limitations and benefits of judicial performance evaluation programs. Mientras que la evaluación del rendimiento de los jueces se ha convertido en un aspecto omnipresente de la administración judicial moderna, los mecanismos de evaluación se utilizan con demasiada frecuencia de manera acrítica, sin reflexionar sobre las razones por las que evaluamos a los jueces, y cómo se alcanzan los objetivos buscados mediante la 'medición'. Este artículo ofrece un análisis conceptual de la función y el propósito de la evaluación del rendimiento, concibiéndola como una herramienta limitada de la responsabilidad judicial, que a su vez sólo existe para promover la excelencia judicial. Como tal, la eficacia de los mecanismos de evaluación siempre se debe comprobar en función de su impacto en los objetivos de responsabilidad globales. El artículo explora el valor de este enfoque examinando brevemente tres usos de la evaluación de rendimiento: 1 promociones judiciales; 2 elecciones para la reelección de

  4. La "cultura de la vida": desplazamientos estratégicos del activismo católico conservador frente a los derechos sexuales y reproductivos The "culture of life": strategic displacement of conservative catholic activism against sexual and reproductive rights

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Marco Vaggione

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo considera las principales dimensiones del activismo católico conservador sobre la sexualidad a partir del análisis de la Encíclica Evangelium Vitae (1995. El análisis se focaliza en tres dimensiones: la oposición entre cultura de la vida y cultura de la muerte como el enmarque político; los desplazamientos del activismo católico conservador para intervenir en los principales debates públicos; las principales estrategias propuestas para evitar la sanción o la vigencia de los derechos sexuales y reproductivos. A través de estos ejes, se contribuye a la comprensión de las rearticulaciones en las formas de intervención de la Iglesia Católica como una parte constitutiva de la política sexual contemporánea.The article considers the main dimensions of the conservative Catholic activism on sexuality by considering the encyclical Evangelium Vitae (1995. The analysis focuses on three dimensions: the opposition between culture of life and culture of death as the political framing; the displacement of conservative catholic activism in order to intervene in public debates; the main strategies to avoid sexual and reproductive rights. Through these dimensions, the article contributes to the understanding of the Catholic Church as a crucial player in contemporary sexual politics.

  5. El activismo de los inversionistas institucionales en el gobierno de las grandes sociedades

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Ernesto Arcudia Hernández

    2012-01-01

    El movimiento del gobierno corporativo ha propuesto una serie de medidas que buscan resolver los problemas de separación entre el control y la gestión de las sociedades anónimas -los problemas de agencia. En este trabajo analizamos el activismo de los inversionistas institucionales como medio de control a la administración de sociedades de capital disperso. Los inversionistas institucionales en Estados Unidos han actuado por vía extraorgánica y por vía orgánica para controlar la gestión de la...

  6. Abogacía legal - ¿por la derecha? conservadores, ideología y activismo social

    OpenAIRE

    Hatcher, Laura J.

    2013-01-01

    El lenguaje de los derechos individuales tiempo atrás asociado a la izquierda y al discurso del progresismo, ahora puede ser adaptado en beneficio de quien sea capaz de usarlo. Este trabajo es un intento de teorizar acerca del activismo legal de la derecha en los Estados Unidos.

  7. Dimensões da governança judicial e sua aplicação ao sistema judicial brasileiro Judicial governance dimensions and their appointment to the Brazilian judicial system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Akutsu

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available A administração da Justiça brasileira enfrenta dificuldades crônicas de acessibilidade da população de menor renda à Justiça, de morosidade e de baixa eficácia das deliberações judiciais. O presente estudo busca contribuir para o exame de soluções para tais dificuldades, tendo como objetivos identificar dimensões relacionadas ao conceito de governança judicial estudadas em pesquisas empíricas recentes e discutir como tais dimensões podem influenciar o desempenho do sistema judicial brasileiro. As seguintes dimensões foram identificadas: independência judicial; accountability; acessibilidade à Justiça; estrutura do Poder Judiciário; recursos estratégicos do Poder Judiciário; e desempenho do sistema judicial. Ante a escassez de estudos empíricos sobre gestão do judiciário em geral e do Brasil em particular, foram formuladas propostas de pesquisas para avaliar, entre outros aspectos: (a a influência do desenvolvimento dos recursos estratégicos no desempenho do Poder Judiciário; e (b o impacto, na diminuição da corrupção do sistema judicial brasileiro, do aumento da independência judicial e da garantia de que os juízes sejam accountables perante a sociedade.The Brazilian justice management faces chronic difficulties of accessibility of lower income population to justice, the slowness and low effectiveness of the judicial decisions. In order to contribute to the analysis of solutions to these difficulties, the objectives of this paper are to identify dimensions related to the concept of judicial governance studied in recent empirical researches, and discuss how these dimensions can push the performance of the Brazilian judicial system. The following dimensions were identified: Judicial Independence, Accountability, Accessibility to Justice; Structure of the Judiciary; Strategic Resources of the Judiciary, and Judiciary's Performance. Faced with the scarcity of empirical studies on management of the judiciary

  8. Terrorist Threats and Judicial Deference

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rytter, Jens Elo

    2014-01-01

    The article analyses the extent to which judicial restraint in cases concerning national security is justified. It is argued that the extent of restraint must depend on the normative issue/aspect which is subject to judicial review....

  9. Judicial Influence on Policy Outputs?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martinsen, Dorte Sindbjerg

    2015-01-01

    ) social policy outputs. A taxonomy of judicial influence is constructed, and expectations of institutional and political conditions on judicial influence are presented. The analysis draws on an extensive novel data set and examines judicial influence on EU social policies over time, that is, between 1958...

  10. Judicial Influence on Policy Outputs?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martinsen, Dorte Sindbjerg

    2015-01-01

    The ability of courts to generate political change has long been debated in national, comparative, and international politics. In the examination of the interaction between judicial and legislative politics, scholars have disagreed on the degree of judicial power and the ability of politics...... to override unwanted jurisprudence. In this debate, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) has become famous for its central and occasionally controversial role in European integration. This article examines to what extent and under which conditions judicial decisions influence European Union (EU......) social policy outputs. A taxonomy of judicial influence is constructed, and expectations of institutional and political conditions on judicial influence are presented. The analysis draws on an extensive novel data set and examines judicial influence on EU social policies over time, that is, between 1958...

  11. The Impact of Judicial Reform on Crime Victimization and Trust in Institutions in Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanco, Luisa

    2016-01-01

    This article studies the impact of judicial reform in Mexico. It does so using a survey about crime victimization and perceptions of insecurity (Encuesta Nacional Sobre la Inseguridad [ENSI]) collected in 2005, 2008, and 2009 in 11 Mexican cities, 3 of which implemented the reform in 2007 and 2008. This analysis shows that judicial reform not only reduces victimization but also lowers perceptions of security. Although we find that judicial reform has a negative effect on trust in the local and federal police, judicial reform reduces the probability of being asked by the transit police for a bribe.

  12. Entre a academia e o activismo: Sociologia, estudos queer e movimento LGBT em Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cristina Santos

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Este ensaio centra-se no carácter diverso e complementar da relação entre academia e movimentos sociais, moldando um constructo analítico-social cujas implicações para os estudos queer continuam em grande medida por teorizar. Tal teorização, creio, poderá conduzir a uma nova aplicação da investigação-acção, desta feita centrada nos hífenes que nos permitem articular, em dialéctica, saberes construídos nos quotidianos da academia e do activismo LGBT. Com efeito, ciência e militância, quando cooperantes horizontais – resistindo à tentação de paternalismo, futurismo ou canibalização, por parte da academia, ou de acomodação, aburguesamento ou cedência, por parte dos movimentos sociais –, podem constituir pedras fundamentais nesse constructo ancorado em reconhecimentos recíprocos e capacitantes, em que nenhuma forma de saber se constitui como única ou dominante e da qual resulte, enfim, um novo campo de saber que designo por estudos queer públicos.

  13. Judicial Dialogue and Human Rights

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Müller, A.; Kjos, H.E.

    2017-01-01

    This book offers a comprehensive analysis of the extent, method, purpose and effects of domestic and international courts' judicial dialogue on human rights. The analysis covers national courts' judicial dialogue from different regions of the world, including Eastern Europe, Latin America, Canada,

  14. De la «muerte florida» al activismo civil: Elena Poniatowska rompe el fuerte silencio ancestral

    OpenAIRE

    Egan, Linda

    2008-01-01

    El activismo de Elena Poniatowska pone de relieve la importancia de una crónica excepcional, La noche de Tlatelolco. El amplio espectro de voces otorga plasticidad y veracidad a la denuncia. El comentario pone de relieve el acierto de la escritora para acentuar y dar vida a las víctimas de la masacre, desde un antes y un después. Elena Poniatowska’s activism is the background for the exceptional chronicle of La noche de Tlatelolco. The wide rage of voices lends the story reality and truthf...

  15. Selected Regional Judicial Officer Cases, 2005 - Present

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This dataset contains selected cases involving EPA's Regional Judicial Officers (RJOs) from 2005 to present. EPA's Regional Judicial Officers (RJOs) perform...

  16. Arbitration and Judicialization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alec Stone Sweet

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The arbitral world is at a crucial point in its historical development, poised between two conflicting conceptions of its nature, purpose, and political legitimacy. Formally, the arbitrator is an agent of the contracting parties in dispute, a creature of a discrete contract gone wrong. Yet, increasingly, arbitrators are treated as agents of a larger global community, and arbitration houses concern themselves with the general and prospective impact of important awards. In this paper, I address these questions, first, from the standpoint of delegation theory. In Part I, I introduce the basic “Principal-Agent” framework [P-A] used by social scientists to explain why actors create new institutions, and then briefly discuss how P-A has been applied to the study of courts. Part II uses delegation theory to frame discussion of arbitration as a mode of governance for transnational business and investment. In Part III, I argue that the International Center for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID is presently in the throes of judicialization, indicators of which include the enhanced use of precedent-based argumentation and justification, the acceptance of third-party briefs, and a flirtation with proportionality balancing. Part IV focuses on the first wave of awards rendered by ICSID tribunals pursuant to Argentina’s response to the crushing economic crisis of 2000-02, wherein proportionality emerged, adapted from the jurisprudence of the Appellate Body of the World Trade Organization.

  17. Estado Socioambiental de Direito e o Constitucionalismo Garantista. O Princípio In dubio Pro Natura como Mecanismo de Controle do Ativismo Judicial Contrário à Tutela dos Direitos Fundamentais Ambientais

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    El principio in dubio pro natura é aplicación hermenéutica de derecho por los tribunales y mecanismo de control do activismo judicial cuando se refiere a derechos fundamentales ambientales. En un Estado Socio-ambiental de Derecho, no si pode descartar la tutela ambiental en decisiones judiciales ante el poder económico. La fundamentación judicial se condiciona a lo referido principio, verdadero encargo argumentativo para justificar la eliminación de la protección ambiental ante a situaciones ...

  18. “Mujeres de otra raza”: la irrupción del peronismo en el activismo femenino/feminista

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Martínez Prado

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo realizamos un recorrido histórico del activismo femenino entre las décadas del treinta y el cincuenta con el propósito de detenernos en sus procesos (des articulatorios/ (des identificatorios. Desde una perspectiva post-estructuralista del análisis del discurso, procuramos rastrear esos procesos habilitados por ciertas maneras de hacer política, intentando reconocer los sentidos que históricamente se fueron fijando y desplazando en los principales significantes identitarios entre las mujeres activistas. Específicamente, nuestro recorrido se concentra en el activismo feminista y las continuidades y rupturas que se produjeron a partir de sus prácticas articulatorias con los diversos partidos políticos. Así, señalamos cómo las feministas, condicionadas por su histórica vinculación con el Partido Socialista, se vieron paradójicamente desarticuladas frente a la masiva movilización de las mujeres y la incorporación de sus reclamos en el flamante Partido Peronista Femenino. En otras palabras, señalamos cómo en ese período fueron subsumidas bajo la lógica hegemónica de la evitización de la política femenina.

  19. 40 CFR 178.65 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 178.65 Section 178.65... REQUESTS FOR HEARINGS Judicial Review § 178.65 Judicial review. An order issued under § 178.37 is final... of the order in the Federal Register. The failure to file a petition for judicial review within...

  20. 40 CFR 179.125 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 179.125 Section 179... EVIDENTIARY PUBLIC HEARING Judicial Review § 179.125 Judicial review. (a) The Administrator's final decision... judicial review within the period ending on the 60th day after the date of the publication of the...

  1. 28 CFR 71.42 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 71.42 Section 71.42....42 Judicial review. Section 3805 of title 31, United States Code, authorizes judicial review by an... assessments under this part and specifies the procedures for such review....

  2. 31 CFR 341.7 - Judicial proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial proceedings. 341.7 Section... BONDS § 341.7 Judicial proceedings. No judicial determinations will be recognized which would give... against a registered owner will be recognized when established by valid judicial proceedings, but in...

  3. 31 CFR 346.7 - Judicial proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial proceedings. 346.7 Section... RETIREMENT BONDS § 346.7 Judicial proceedings. No judicial determination will be recognized which would give... claim against a registered owner will be recognized when established by valid judicial proceedings,...

  4. ESTADO DE DERECHO, MISIÓN DE LA FEDERACIÓN INTERAMERICANA DE ABOGADOS (LAS EXPERIENCIAS DE NICARAGUA Y EL SALVADOR JUSTICIA CONSTITUCIONAL O ACTIVISMO JUDICIAL?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renaldy J. Gutierrez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Partiendo de la experiencia del autor en representación de la Inter-American Bar Association, dentro del campo del Estado de Derecho, el artículo analiza dos situaciones de conflicto en el área Centroamericana, Nicaragua y El Salvador. En ambos casos, el autor, al frente de un equipo de la InterAmerican Bar Association, realizó un trabajo de investigación académica centrada dentro del concepto del Estado de Derecho y de la Justicia Constitucional en ambos países. En el caso de Nicaragua el análisis gira alrededor de la relección del Presidente de la República y las diversas acciones legales y judiciales desarrolladas para tal fin. En el caso de El Salvador, estudia los conflictos de poder planteados entre la Asamblea Legislativa y la Sala de lo Constitucional de la Corte Suprema de Justicia en el período 2010-2012 que han afectado de algún modo el orden constitucional de aquel país. El texto propugna por un balance entre los poderes del Estado, dentro del orden constitucional, tomando como ejemplo al Doctrina de la Cuestión Política de los Estados Unidos de América y otras consideraciones de fondo.

  5. HACIA LA CONSTITUCIONALIZACIÓN DEL PRECEDENTE JUDICIAL EN COLOMBIA, ¿UN ESFUERZO POR CONTROLAR A LAS FUENTES DEL DERECHO?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Pablo Sarmiento E

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available El activismo judicial y la creación derivada del derecho han situado al precedentecomo fuente de derecho, algunas veces, fuente principal para la práctica jurídica. En realidad, se argumenta, el constituyente derivado parecería llegar tarde a lainstitucionalización del precedente como fuente principal de derecho. El juez colombiano no ha sido neófito en la creación de normas jurídicas por medio de la cosa juzgada implícita. Por ello, se explorará cuál ha sido el recorrido, en lapráctica colombiana, de la reforma constitucional dirigida a regular los efectos relativos de la producción jurisprudencial.

  6. O Supremo Tribunal Federal e a anencefalia: uma reflexão sobre a legitimidade democrática do Judiciário à luz de Rawls, Habermas e Nino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Eugenia Bunchaft

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1677-2954.2011v10n3p55O debate entre Habermas e Rawls representa uma contribuição fundamental para a compreensão das questões sobre reconhecimento, multiculturalismo e pós-secularismo, introduzindo diferentes concepções filosóficas que podem contribuir sobre a temática acerca do uso público da razão, a fim de elucidar as diferentes percepções teóricas capazes de atender aos desafios propostos pelas sociedades pluralistas. Carlos Santiago Nino, por sua vez, estabeleceu uma estratégia teórica denominada “construtivismo epistemológico”, delineada a partir do debate Habermas-Rawls. Por conseguinte, pretendemos articular os fundamentos filosóficos atinentes à concepção de razão pública delineada por Rawls e Habermas e ao construtivismo epistemológico de Carlos Santiago Nino com a análise da legitimidade democrática do STF na resolução de uma questão moral controvertida que é objeto de um desacordo moral razoável: o aborto de fetos anencéfalos.

  7. Judicial review of administrative silence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Radošević Ratko S.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Administrative silence is a situation in which the competent authority, within the statutory deadline, has not issued an administrative act at the request of the party. In the case of administrative silence, given the fact that the citizens are unable to protect their rights and legal interests without an administrative act, they are provided with legal protection. In this case, the same legal relationship is created, directly on the basis of the statute, as in the situation in which the party's request is rejected. This means that the party may, under the conditions prescribed by the statute, initiate the procedure of judicial review of administrative silence. In the paper, the author explains the conditions under which the judicial review of administrative silence can be initiated and the role of the court in this judicial procedure.

  8. Los retos del periodismo judicial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lic. Javier Ronda Iglesias

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available El periodista se consolida como un nuevo habitante de la administración de justicia. Es habitual su presencia para cubrir las numerosas informaciones que genera el complejo mundo judicial. Señala el autor que la fiebre por esta información especializada sigue creciendo cada día, ya que interesa al público y a los medios de comunicación. Este auge por la información judicial o de tribunales exige una mayor preparación específica del profesional, que redundará en la mejora de la calidad y veracidad de este hacer periodístico. Por ello, en este artículo se facilitan una serie de usos y recomendaciones para desarrollar convenientemente el periodismo judicial.

  9. ENTRE LAURA Y CRISTINA. NOTAS SOBRE LA RELACIÓN ENTRE BIOGRAFÍA, ACTIVISMO Y ACCIÓN COLECTIVA

    OpenAIRE

    Fernando Aiziczon

    2009-01-01

    The follows reflections want to research the possible relation between the biography, activism and collective action. First, I check puntually the contributions from the collective action theory, then I revise the explanations about the reason people decide to mobilize, finally I propose the construction of the habiltus militante concept. After that, I work about two cases of women who had taken part in two big and noticeable puebladas that happened in the north of Patagonia province of Neuqu...

  10. ENTRE LAURA Y CRISTINA. NOTAS SOBRE LA RELACIÓN ENTRE BIOGRAFÍA, ACTIVISMO Y ACCIÓN COLECTIVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Aiziczon

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The follows reflections want to research the possible relation between the biography, activism and collective action. First, I check puntually the contributions from the collective action theory, then I revise the explanations about the reason people decide to mobilize, finally I propose the construction of the habiltus militante concept. After that, I work about two cases of women who had taken part in two big and noticeable puebladas that happened in the north of Patagonia province of Neuquén, Argentina, between 1996-97, well-known like puebladas cutralquenses. From their interviews, Iwould try to start a debate about the different derives of their biographical and political trajectories.

  11. Los memes en el activismo feminista en la Red. #ViajoSola como ejemplo de movilización transnacional

    OpenAIRE

    Piñeiro Otero, Teresa; Martínez Rolán, Luis Javier

    2016-01-01

    La apropiación de la Web 2.0 por el activismo feminista ha posibilitado una mayor participación de las mujeres en el discurso público, dotándolas de las herramientas precisas para el lanzamiento, la difusión y la consecución de apoyos para sus demandas o protestas sociales y políticas. A partir del estudio de caso de #Viajosola como acción feminista transnacional, se abordó el empleo de los memes en torno a la conversación 2.0. Este estudio ha permitido destacar tendencias de uso, así como la...

  12. Judicial Independence Versus Public Supervision

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    At the annual Supreme People's Court conference on publicity work held in early September, Deputy Chief Justice Cao Jianming announced a few new measures to limit the media's access to several news sources, setting a future tone for releasing news of China's judicial system.

  13. Poder de policía: los efectos de la causa “Mendoza” sobre los principios que rigen la competencia regulatoria y judicial en materia ambiental, con particular referencia a la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Páez, María E.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available En el año 2008 la Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación dictó sentencia definitiva en la causa “Mendoza”, un proceso ambiental que fue delineado por el Alto Tribunal conforme a las pautas que se derivan del art. 41 de la Constitución Nacional y de la Ley General del Ambiente. Durante su tramitación, se creó la Autoridad de Cuenca Matanza-Riachuelo y se establecieron reglas de competencia particulares para ese proceso que dieron lugar a contiendas entre los magistrados. Partiendo de la noción de poder de policía y el deslinde de competencias entre el Estado federal y los Estados locales establecido en el texto de la Constitución Nacional, el presente trabajo tiene por objeto dar cuenta de las consecuencias que se derivan de la integración de la ACUMAR y del establecimiento de aquellas reglas, sobre las potestades de regulación en materia ambiental propias de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires y la competencia de los jueces locales.

  14. O activismo estético feminista de Nikki Craft Nikki Craft's aesthetic feminist activism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Pedro Fonseca

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Uma das condições para que na sociedade sejam alicerçados valores de género misóginos consiste na existência de uma estrutura de produção cultural heterossexual compulsiva, dominante e universalista que estabeleça princípios de representação dos sexos claramente diferenciados, que tendam a favorecer mais o homem em detrimento da mulher. Partimos de um princípio de que a produção da cultura origina processos de reprodução, o que significa, em termos práticos, que a representação de signos, códigos, valores e comportamentos associados aos sexos é potencialmente materializada nas sociedades, por homens e por mulheres. Essa tem sido uma batalha levada a cabo por muitas mulheres a partir da segunda vaga do movimento feminista, nomeadamente pela ala mais radical, que tem procurado reivindicar novos paradigmas no que diz respeito às convenções culturais de género. O que propomos neste estudo é analisar algumas das campanhas levadas a cabo por Nikki Craft, uma feminista radical norte-americana que viria a organizar e/ou a protagonizar nos anos 1970 e 1980 vários protestos em espaços públicos de algumas cidades dos Estados Unidos. Neste estudo procuramos clarificar as motivações e as estratégias levadas a cabo por essa feminista, cujos activismos incidiram contra algumas das estruturas culturais (campo da arte, instituições da beleza e indústria pornográfica legitimadoras de representações desencadeadoras de prejuízos para a mulherOne of the conditions for misogynic genders to be settled in society consists on the existence of a compulsive dominant and universal heterosexual cultural production, which establishes clearly differentiated representation principles of both sexes. These representation principles tend to favour more the man, disregarding the woman. We consider that culture production gives origin to reproduction processes, which means that, in practical terms, the representation of signs, codes, values

  15. La competencia judicial en sede de concursos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siegbert Rippe

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Es nuestro propósito comentar las normas concursa les contenidas en la Ley de Urgencia I1, en sede de competencia judicial, para lo cual dividiremos nuestra exposición en dos partes: en primer lugar, examinaremos el arto 12 de dicha ley, referido a las disposiciones en materia de competencia judicial; y en segundo lugar, procederemos a analizar el arto 13 de la misma ley, relativo al fuero de atracción.Adicionalmente, comentaremos algunas disposiciones contenidas en la ley 17.613, Ley de Fortalecimiento del Sistema Bancario, en cuanto se relaciona con la temática del presente trabajo.En atención a las limitaciones derivadas del tiempo asignado para la presente colaboración, no pretendemos describir a la letra la normativa referente a los temas a tratar sino centrarnos en los aspectos esenciales de aquellas, señalando adicionalmente que nuestros planteamientos se orientarán a los aspectos más conflictivos que advertimos en la oportunidad,algunos de los cuales seguramente no serán compartidos por la doctrina comercial dominante teniendo en cuenta, por lo pronto, ciertos antecedentes históricos sobre el particulary diversos pronunciamientos efectuados a partir de la publicación de la ley 17.292, como son, por ejemplo, los aportes realizados por los Dres. 1. Creimer y D. Puceiro, así como por los Dres. N. Rodríguez Olivera y C. Martínez Blanco.

  16. 5 CFR 1201.120 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Judicial review. 1201.120 Section 1201... PROCEDURES Petitions for Review of Initial Decisions § 1201.120 Judicial review. Any employee or applicant... provisions of 5 U.S.C. 7703 may obtain judicial review in the United States Court of Appeals for the...

  17. 5 CFR 1201.127 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Judicial review. 1201.127 Section 1201... Judicial review. (a) An employee subject to a final Board decision imposing disciplinary action under 5 U.S.C. 1215 may obtain judicial review of the decision in the United States Court of Appeals for...

  18. 40 CFR 180.30 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 180.30 Section 180.30... EXEMPTIONS FOR PESTICIDE CHEMICAL RESIDUES IN FOOD Procedural Regulations § 180.30 Judicial review. (a) Under FFDCA section 408(h), judicial review is available in the United States Courts of Appeal as to...

  19. 30 CFR 775.13 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 775.13 Section 775.13 Mineral... ADMINISTRATIVE AND JUDICIAL REVIEW OF DECISIONS § 775.13 Judicial review. (a) General. Any applicant or any... authority for administrative review under § 775.11 of this chapter fails to act within applicable...

  20. 49 CFR 1016.310 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 1016.310 Section 1016.310 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) SURFACE TRANSPORTATION BOARD, DEPARTMENT... Judicial review. Judicial review of final Board decisions on awards may be sought as provided in 5...

  1. 44 CFR 7.15 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 7.15 Section...-Assisted Programs-General § 7.15 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to section 602 of the Act is subject to judicial review as provided in section 603 of the Act....

  2. 14 CFR 1250.110 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Judicial review. 1250.110 Section 1250.110... PROGRAMS OF NASA-EFFECTUATION OF TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 1250.110 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to section 602 of the Act is subject to judicial review as provided in section...

  3. 42 CFR 423.2136 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 423.2136 Section 423.2136 Public...) MEDICARE PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.2136 Judicial review. (a) General rule. To the extent authorized by sections...

  4. 14 CFR 1264.141 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Judicial review. 1264.141 Section 1264.141... PENALTIES ACT OF 1986 § 1264.141 Judicial review. Section 3805 of Title 31, United States Code, authorizes judicial review by an appropriate United States District Court of a final decision of the authority...

  5. 36 CFR 1150.104 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 1150.104 Section 1150.104 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE... Judicial review. Any complainant or participant in a proceeding may obtain judicial review of a final...

  6. 42 CFR 423.1976 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 423.1976 Section 423.1976 Public...) MEDICARE PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.1976 Judicial review. (a) Review of ALJ's decision. The enrollee may request...

  7. 32 CFR 195.12 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 195.12 Section 195.12 National... RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 195.12 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to section 602 of the Act is subject to judicial review as provided in section 603 of the Act....

  8. 33 CFR 140.30 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 140.30 Section... CONTINENTAL SHELF ACTIVITIES GENERAL General § 140.30 Judicial review. (a) Nothing in this subchapter shall be construed to prevent any interested party from seeking judicial review as authorized by law. (b)...

  9. 31 CFR 28.630 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 28.630 Section 28.630 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS... Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to 20 U.S.C. 1682 is subject to judicial review as provided in 20...

  10. 14 CFR 1262.309 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Judicial review. 1262.309 Section 1262.309... PROCEEDINGS Procedures for Considering Applications § 1262.309 Judicial review. Judicial review of final... United States having jurisdiction to review the merits of the underlying decision of the agency...

  11. 31 CFR 16.42 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 16.42 Section 16.42... FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 16.42 Judicial review. Section 3805 of title 31, United States Code, authorizes judicial review by an appropriate United States District Court of a final decision of...

  12. 36 CFR 1211.630 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 1211.630... FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Procedures § 1211.630 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to 20 U.S.C. 1682 is subject to judicial review as provided in 20 U.S.C. 1683....

  13. 44 CFR 6.57 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 6.57 Section... SECURITY GENERAL IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 Requests To Amend Records § 6.57 Judicial review... requestor may seek judicial review of that determination. A civil action must be filed in the...

  14. 44 CFR 62.22 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 62.22 Section 62.22 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF... ADJUSTMENT OF CLAIMS Claims Adjustment, Claims Appeals, and Judicial Review § 62.22 Judicial review. (a)...

  15. 17 CFR 201.58 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Judicial review. 201.58 Section 201.58 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION RULES OF PRACTICE Regulations Pertaining to the Equal Access to Justice Act § 201.58 Judicial review. Judicial review of...

  16. 31 CFR 92.18 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 92.18 Section 92.18... States Mint § 92.18 Judicial review. A Final Notice of Assessment issued under the procedures in this subpart may be subject to judicial review pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 701 et seq....

  17. 44 CFR 295.43 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 295.43... Judicial review. As an alternative to arbitration, a Claimant dissatisfied with the outcome of an Administrative Appeal may seek judicial review of the decision by bringing a civil lawsuit against FEMA in...

  18. 31 CFR 27.8 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 27.8 Section 27.8... OF DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY NAMES, SYMBOLS, ETC. § 27.8 Judicial review. A final Notice of Assessment issued under this party may be subject to judicial review pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 701 et seq....

  19. 42 CFR 414.920 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 414.920 Section 414.920 Public... Under Part B § 414.920 Judicial review. The following areas under the CAP are not subject to administrative or judicial review: (a) The establishment of payment amounts. (b) The awarding of vendor...

  20. 31 CFR 6.16 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 6.16 Section 6.16... EQUAL ACCESS TO JUSTICE ACT Procedures for Considering Applications § 6.16 Judicial review. Judicial review of final agency decisions on awards may be sought as provided in 5 U.S.C. 504(c)(2)....

  1. 42 CFR 422.612 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 422.612 Section 422.612 Public... Judicial review. (a) Review of ALJ's decision. Any party, including the MA organization, may request judicial review (upon notifying the other parties) of an ALJ's decision if— (1) The Board denied the...

  2. 28 CFR 17.17 - Judicial proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial proceedings. 17.17 Section 17.17... CLASSIFIED INFORMATION Administration § 17.17 Judicial proceedings. (a)(1) Any Department official or... proceeding in any manner, the assigned Department attorney shall take all steps necessary to ensure...

  3. Algumas reflexões sobre produção da categoria de gênero em contextos como o movimento feminista e o poder judiciário Some reflections on the production of the gender category in contexts such as the feminist movement and the judiciary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karla Galvão Adrião

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Pensando na discussão instaurada com a modernidade (em distintos contextos sociais, sobre a constituição dos sujeitos de direitos humanos universais, o presente trabalho buscará refletir sobre o indivíduo em sua interface com a busca de "cidadania" e do "acesso à justiça". Para tanto, analisaremos três casos concretos: duas conferências de Políticas para Mulheres, tidas aqui como rituais do movimento feminista no Brasil. Ambas dizem respeito à relação entre políticas para mulheres em duas perspectivas não-excludentes; uma delas entre as próprias mulheres - lésbicas, heterossexuais, brancas, negras, deficientes - e suas tensões direcionadas ora aos direitos individuais, ora aos direitos coletivos, num momento de discussão por cotas. A outra conferência aborda a tensão entre sexo e gênero, entre diferença como sinônimo de desigualdade. O terceiro caso retrata um julgamento de guarda e responsabilidade voltado à não-concessão da maternidade a uma mulher homossexual, mas seu deferimento ao pai tido como biológico. Por fim, sugerimos pensar como, nos dois contextos rituais distintos (Judiciário e Movimento Feminista, a categoria de gênero é produzida e se produz atrelada ao binômio biológico "macho e fêmea".Concerning the discussion arisen by modern times (in different social contexts, about the constitution of universal human rights subjects, this paper aims to reflect upon the individual and his search for "citizenship" and "access to justice". Three cases will be analyzed: two conferences on Women"s Politics, important in the Brazilian feminist movement. Both concern the relation among women"s politics within two non exclusive perspectives: one among women themselves - lesbians, heterosexual, white, black. handicapped - and their tensions related either to individual rights or to collective rights, in a time when quotas are being discussed. The other conference approaches the tension between sex and gender

  4. Confluencia del derecho a la tutela judicial efectiva con el concepto de > en el contexto de la prohibicion de la tortura

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Villalibre Fernandez, Vanesa

    2012-01-01

    Este estudio tiene por objeto analizar la jurisprudencia constitucional sobre la tutela judicial efectiva en el marco de los casos relativos a denuncias de torturas y de tratos inhumanos y degradantes...

  5. Sobre la discrecionalidad judicial en un Estado Constitucional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón Ruiz Ruiz

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Hoy no es posible seguir considerando a los jueces como la boca que pronuncia las palabras de la ley. El juez de nuestro tiempo goza de una necesaria discrecionalidad como consecuencia, entre otros factores, del complejo sistema de fuentes, de la inevitable vaguedad de gran parte de las normas y del creciente recurso a los principios jurídicos en el constitucionalismo contemporáneo. No obstante, esta discrecionalidad debe ser de algún modo fiscalizada para impedir que derive en arbitrariedad. Así, en la primera parte del artículo se dará cuenta de las características de los principios jurídicos y en la segunda se expondrán algunas de las implicaciones que la aplicación de este tipo de normas tienen en relación con la aplicación del Derecho.

  6. 17 CFR 200.64 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Judicial review. 200.64... AND ETHICS; AND INFORMATION AND REQUESTS Canons of Ethics § 200.64 Judicial review. The Congress has provided for review by the courts of the decisions and orders by this Commission. Members should...

  7. 31 CFR 29.406 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 29.406 Section 29.406 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury FEDERAL BENEFIT PAYMENTS UNDER CERTAIN DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA RETIREMENT PROGRAMS Claims and Appeals Procedures § 29.406 Judicial...

  8. 49 CFR 397.225 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 397.225 Section 397.225... MATERIALS; DRIVING AND PARKING RULES Preemption Procedures § 397.225 Judicial review. A party to a proceeding under § 397.205(a), § 397.213(a), or § 397.223(a) may seek review by the appropriate...

  9. 31 CFR 29.515 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 29.515 Section 29.515 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury FEDERAL BENEFIT PAYMENTS UNDER... Overpayments § 29.515 Judicial review. An individual whose request for reconsideration has been denied...

  10. 40 CFR 173.9 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 173.9 Section 173.9 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS PROCEDURES GOVERNING... Judicial review. The State may appeal an order rescinding, in whole or in part, its primary...

  11. 13 CFR 117.18 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Judicial review. 117.18 Section 117.18 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION NONDISCRIMINATION IN FEDERALLY....18 Judicial review. (a) The complainant may file a civil action following the exhaustion...

  12. 49 CFR 386.67 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 386.67 Section 386.67... Decision § 386.67 Judicial review. (a) Any party to the underlying proceeding, who, after an administrative... service of the Final Agency Order, petition for review of the order in the United States Court of...

  13. One Roof Judicial System in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Sufiarina

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Judicial power as an independent and autonomous power must be free from any intervention and power, thus ensuring that judges possess independence and impartiality in handling cases. One of the measures for enhancing the independence and autonomy of the judiciary is by placing it under the one roof judicial arrangement developed by the Supreme Court, both from the judicial as well as the non-judicial technical aspects. Up to the present time, endeavors for bringing the four court jurisdictions under the one roof judicial arrangement developed by the Supreme Court have not been completely materialized, due to the existing dualism in judicial power at various courts. The objective of this research is to understand the developments in the endeavors towards bringing the Indonesian judicial system under the one roof judicial arrangement developed by the Supreme Court. The type of research applied is descriptive normative juridical research, namely legal research based on examining secondary data. As the research results indicate, the one roof system developed by the Supreme Court is already being implemented, with the exception of the Military Court and the Tax Court within the State Administration Court jurisdiction.

  14. 32 CFR 776.5 - Judicial conduct.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial conduct. 776.5 Section 776.5 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY MISCELLANEOUS RULES PROFESSIONAL CONDUCT... § 776.5 Judicial conduct. To the extent that it does not conflict with statutes, regulations, or this...

  15. 12 CFR 308.541 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 4 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Judicial review. 308.541 Section 308.541 Banks and Banking FEDERAL DEPOSIT INSURANCE CORPORATION PROCEDURE AND RULES OF PRACTICE RULES OF PRACTICE... Title 31, United States Code, authorizes judicial review by an appropriate United States District Court...

  16. 6 CFR 7.13 - Judicial proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Judicial proceedings. 7.13 Section 7.13 Domestic... Administration § 7.13 Judicial proceedings. (a) Any DHS official or organization receiving an order or subpoena... proceeding in any manner, the DHS General Counsel attorney, in conjunction with the Department of...

  17. 29 CFR 785.7 - Judicial construction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial construction. 785.7 Section 785.7 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR STATEMENTS OF GENERAL... Hours Worked § 785.7 Judicial construction. The United States Supreme Court originally stated...

  18. Activismo LGBTIQ y ciudadanías sexuales en el Ecuador. Diálogo con Elizabeth Vásquez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amy Lind

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Elizabeth Vásquez es abogada por entrenamiento, activista y fundadora del PROYECTO TRVNSGEN3RO de Quito. En esta entrevista, ella nos habla de los logros y desafíos que ha enfrentado a lo largo de su trayectoria: los orígenes de su activismo legal, sus inspiraciones políticas, su participación como asesora en la Asamblea Nacional Constituyente de 2008 y sus visiones del movimiento lésbico, gay, bisexual, transgénero y intersexual (LGTBI en Ecuador.

  19. Evaluación de la formación continua en la Escuela del Poder Judicial

    OpenAIRE

    Pineda i Herrero, Pilar; Ciraso Calí, Anna

    2012-01-01

    La evaluación de la formación, conceptualizada como el análisis del valor total de un sistema formativo, en términos tanto sociales como financieros, es un proceso necesario para valorar si la inversión realizada en la misma resulta eficaz; además, en una organización pública como es la Escuela del Poder Judicial, cobra un valor de rendición de cuentas sobre el uso de los fondos públicos y sobre su impacto en el desarrollo de los jueces y magistrados españoles. Escuela del Poder Judicial, y a...

  20. Judicial fiats and contemporary enclosures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thayyil Naveen

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the problematic processes in a case that has had few parallels in Indian judicial history. The apex court in T. N. Godavarman took upon the responsibility of deciding how forest resources in the country should be accessed and who is (or is not to have such access. Purportedly done to protect the environment, through the ′clarification and fine-tuning′ of national forest-laws, the case has seriously affected the life, livelihood, and habitat of millions of marginal groups. Recent trends demonstrate the wider trend of constitutional courts assuming the roles of adjudication, administration and legislation, all rolled into one, whereby they become problematic sites for creating a hierarchy of conflicting public interests, which claim constitutional validity from different vantage points. Thus, constitutional values of ′protection of environment′ and ′justice - social, political and economic′ ′are pitted against each other′ where unelected courts take it upon themselves to define the legitimate precincts of the theoretical discourse of sustainable use / development; and importantly also implement it into ′everyday′ ′reality, in the way it feels fit′. The article seeks to make sense of this contemporary process of forest governance.

  1. Independencia judicial. El caso de la Corte Suprema de Justicia Colombiana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Guevara

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este articulo muestra la importancia que la tradición jurídica y la organización de un sistema judicial; reclutamiento, garantías de inmovilidad, presupuesto y prescripciones salariales, pueden tener en la mayor o menor independencia del judicial. Del mismo modo, presenta cómo los estudios que sobre independencia judicial han sido realizados en Colombia han privilegiado a la Corte Constitucional y en menor medida a la Corte Suprema de Justicia. Finalmente el estudio concluye que pese a toda una serie de garantías normativas que buscan preservar la independencia de los jueces en Colombia, ésta es muy variable, y depende en últimas de la voluntad del Ejecutivo.

  2. 29 CFR 1603.306 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... EXEMPT STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEE COMPLAINTS OF EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION UNDER SECTION 304 OF THE GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEE RIGHTS ACT OF 1991 Appeals § 1603.306 Judicial review. Any party to...

  3. Italian Microhistory, anthropology and judicial archives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eulalia Hernández Ciro

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available From the interceptions between the Italian microhistory and anthropology, this article aims to provide a central debate of contemporary historiography account of popular culture and subaltern classes from the intensive and exhaustive judicial proceedings. To do this, some of the impacts of anthropology will be addressed in the historical work, as the appearance and questioning notion of popular culture, the ethnographic value of court files and finally, some possibilities in the case of Judicial Historical Archive of Medellin.

  4. El uso de la información judicial (The use of judicial information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Volkmar Gessner

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Los datos empíricos de juzgados y sistemas judiciales se analizan con mucha frecuencia tanto en estudios comparativos, como en estudios económicos y sociológicos, sin embargo, los agentes implicados en proyectos de reformas judiciales como jueces, profesores de derecho, funcionarios o políticos no hacen un uso adecuado de los mismos. Este artículo sugiere que esto tiene un origen estructural, que asigna roles sociales diferentes a estos actores. Una solución puede ser la creación de centros de investigación especializados. Una aproximación más amplia, plural y democrática es buscar la transparencia en internet, dando acceso al público general a todo tipo de documentos, incluyendo estadísticas judiciales y estudios empíricos. Se han visitado y categorizado en función de su contenido gran número de páginas web de juzgados, para conocer el nivel de transparencia judicial. Las primeras posiciones en cuanto al nivel de transparencia lo han obtenido algunas páginas anglosajonas, que ofrecían información legal, económica, organizacional y empírica, y que además ofrecían ayuda para utilizar estos datos. Sin embargo, este esfuerzo no alcanza su objetivo si la información no se utiliza. Si se quiere medir el uso real de los contenidos de las páginas judiciales no es suficiente con contar su número de visitas, sino que es necesario conocer más sobre las motivaciones que generan esas visitas. Afortunadamente, se ha encontrado un sitio web (mexicano que ofrece información sobre los visitantes: sus preocupaciones, su “historia” e incluso sus nombres y (en ocasiones su lugar de residencia. Estas peticiones se han evaluado cuidadosamente, y se analizan en este artículo. Se ha descubierto que hay una gran demanda de información empírica sobre los juzgados y las prácticas judiciales. La transparencia en internet parece ser una solución, aunque todavía se deben explorar las mejores formas de ofrecer la información judicial

  5. Judicial civil procedure dragging out in Kosovo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rrustem Qehaja

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article tends to deal with one of the most worrying issues in the judicial system of Kosovo the problem of judicial civil procedure dragging out. The article analyses the reasons of these dragging outs of the judicial civil procedure focusing on the context of one of the basic procedural principles in civil procedure-the principle of economy or efficiency in the courts. Dragging out of civil procedure in Kosovo has put in question not only the basic principles of civil procedure, but it also challenges the general principles related to human rights and freedoms sanctioned not only by the highest legal act of the country, but also with international treaties. The article tends to give a reflection to the most important reasons that effect and influence in these dragging outs of civil procedure, as well as, at the same time aims to give the necessary alternatives to pass through them by identifying dilemmas within the judicial practice. As a result, the motives of this scientific paper are exactly focused at the same time on identifying the dilemmas, as well as presenting ideas, to overstep them, including the judicial practice of the European Court of Human Rights on Article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights, by which it is given the possibility to offering people efficient and within a reasonable time legal protection of their rights before national courts. For these reasons, the paper elaborates this issue based on both, the legal theory and judicial practice.

  6. Judicial Reform of the 1864 as a Stage of Russian Judicial System Democratic Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lyubov F. Miloserdova

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In the present article, author considers the place of judicial reform of 1864 in the public and social reforms of Alexander II. This paper attempts to show the place of justice in the legal system of Russian Empire in the post-reform period. Author emphasizes democratic and progressive nature of judicial reform of 1864, noting lack of preconditions for the formation of democratic judicial system under the autocracy. Author analyzes relationship and development of the judicial system and the dynamics of social relations. Author also revealed the way of judicial system in the formation of civil society prerequisites. This paper attempts to show and prove that judicial reform is actually a first step towards the formation of the Russian system of powers separation. Author concludes that undertaken by the Government of Russian Empire in the mid-nineteenth century attempt of the Russian Empire judicial system democratization had neither political nor social assumptions. In conclusion, author concludes that in the present conditions of judicial system democratization in modern Russian Federation a number of principles and institutions of judicial reform of 1864 was applied.

  7. Poder Judiciário: perspectivas de reforma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sadek Maria Tereza Aina

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo discute aspectos da crise do sistema de justiça brasileiro que estão no centro do debate sobre a necessidade de reforma do Poder Judiciário, com base na crítica geral ao anacronismo, inoperância e à desigualdade de acesso aos seus serviços. A autora apresenta a posição dos próprios integrantes do sistema de justiça brasileira através da análise de resultados de pesquisas realizadas pelo IDESP a partir de 1993. Alguns destes resultados têm apontado, ao longo do tempo, para uma flexibilização do espírito corporativo dos membros do Judiciário, como por exemplo, a aceitação de sua democratização. Os resultados também mostram que o controle externo a este poder e a sua composição, embora incorporada pelos juízes antes refratários a esta discussão, permanece uma importante divisão no interior da magistratura.

  8. Sobre la creación literaria, filosófica y feminista: una entrevista con Françoise Collin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadine Plateau

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Entrevista realizada a Françoise Collin en la que la filósofa reflexiona sobre las diferencias entre la escritura literaria, la filosófica y la política. Collin dibuja su recorrido por las tres formas de escritura y lo relaciona con su evolución hacia el feminismo y el activismo político, con los que su obra de creación, tanto literaria como académica, está fuertemente imbricada.

  9. Is judicial integrity a norm? An inquiry into the concept of judicial integrity in England and the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Soeharno, Jonathan

    2007-01-01

    Much effort is being made to safeguard judicial integrity – but what is it? In this article, two discourses on judicial integrity will be outlined: one in which judicial integrity is said to be at stake and one in which the emphasis lies on safeguarding judicial integrity. These discourses are by no

  10. As raízes históricas do ativismo judicial na tradição jurídica norte-americana e sua repercussão no debate hermenêutico constitucional: o império dos homens sobre o direito

    OpenAIRE

    Bruna Villas Boas Campos

    2014-01-01

    O presente trabalho investiga, primordialmente, o significado da expressão ativismo judicial, cujo uso tem ganhado vulto no debate jurídico, especialmente em países de tradição democrática recente, como o Brasil. Não se resume, entretanto, a um estudo puramente semântico, mas à tentativa de estabelecer a conexão necessária entre o significado da locução e os limites legítimos da atividade judicial. Buscou-se, por isso, os contornos mais remotos da expressão, na história norte-americana, em qu...

  11. El aborto en el campo de la memoria y los derechos humanos. Feminismo, Iglesia católica y activismo pro-vida en Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Gudiño Bessone

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo aborda cómo las distintas significaciones acerca de la figura simbólica de los desaparecidos y la activación de soportes y vehículos de la memoria de la última dictadura militar en Argentina (1976-1983 se constituyen en una herramienta simbólica y narrativa en la que católicos y feministas inscriben sus diferencias políticas en torno a la legalización del aborto. Me intereso en observar los modos en que la Iglesia católica, el activismo antiabortista y las organizaciones feministas le atribuyen sentidos políticos diversos al Nunca Más y a la figura de los desaparecidos, donde el significante vida es puesto en conexión con la memoria y la violación a los derechos humanos en dictadura.

  12. A arte e violência no olhar: Activismo feminista e desconstrução da violência contra as mulheres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria José Magalhães

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo vem na continuação do texto de Angélica Lima Cruz, retomando‑se a questão da construção de um olhar que integra ou denuncia uma cultura de violência contra as mulheres. Aqui, explora‑se como a crítica feminista da violência contra as mulheres desoculta os mecanismos da sua re/produção, mostrando também que a arte se pode constituir como processo de desconstrução desta violência. Para isso, apresentam‑se e analisam‑se algumas intervenções artísticas e instalações realizadas por feministas, quer no estrangeiro quer em Portugal, no activismo feminista do combate à violência contra as mulheres.

  13. A Speech Act Analysis of Judicial Decisions

    OpenAIRE

    BERNAL, Carlos L.

    2007-01-01

    According to the theory of speech acts, speech is a kind of action. He, who says something, does something. Certainly, when a judge or a court makes a decision, he or it says something. He performs some (locutionary) acts like uttering or writing some sentences. However, there is something further he does, namely, by uttering or writing some sentences in the appropriate context, he makes a judicial decision. In a judicial decision the judge says something about the law, the facts of the case,...

  14. Laboratories of commons: experimentation, recursivity and activism Laboratorios de procomún: experimentación, recursividad y activismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adolfo Estalella Fernández

    2013-03-01

    ículo introduce las contribuciones que forman parte de un monográfico dedicado a los ‘Laboratorios del procomún’ donde sus autoras y autores dan cuenta de la diversidad de modalidades de este objeto en dominios sociales como el arte, el activismo, el campo y la ciudad. Nuestro objetivo es doble: contextualizar estas contribuciones e identificar algunos de los temas que las atraviesan. Ese ejercicio nos permite introducir un argumento tentativo según el cual el procomún y su investigación adoptan una excepcional configuración en España. De manera sintética: el procomún es traído a la existencia en España como un objeto epistémico, un dominio experimental que se distingue de las formulaciones que convencionalmente lo han pensado como un tipo de bien o un régimen de propiedad. Esta peculiar configuración dota al procomún y a su investigación de una condición distintiva frente a otras geografías que se evidencia en un doble desplazamiento: la emergencia de nuevos objetos que se piensan como procomunes y la ubicación de su investigación en el dominio de la producción cultural y creativa.

  15. A expansão dos poderes judiciários The expansion of the judiciary powers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilia Ferreira Lobo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo propõe-se a comentar um texto de Foucault pouco conhecido e que não foi incluído na publicação francesa dos Ditos e Escritos. Além de apresentar esta publicação, que tem como título La redéfinition du judiciable (A redefinição do judiciável, pretende trazer algumas considerações sobre as questões sugeridas por Foucault, bem como algumas indicações sobre o que hoje nos acontece em termos da judicialização do nosso cotidiano. O texto traz uma análise do papel da justiça, daquilo que vem se tornando ou que é objeto de julgamento judiciário, discutindo o que caracteriza a difusão das funções judiciárias através de todo o corpo social na atualidade.This article aims to comment an unfamiliar article by Foucault, not included in the french edition of Dits et Écrits. Beyond presenting this publication, which is entitled La redéfinition du judiciable (The redefinition of the judiciable, it pretends to bring some considerations about the questions that Foucault suggests, as well as some indications about what is happening with us now-a-days in terms of the judicialization of the everyday life. The text brings an analysis of the roll of justice, of what is turning into or what is the object of judiciary judgment, discussing the elements which characterize the diffusion of the judiciary functions through the whole social body.

  16. 5 CFR 1201.133 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Judicial review. 1201.133 Section 1201... review. An employee, former employee, or applicant for employment who is adversely affected by a final... review of the decision in the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. 5 U.S.C....

  17. ¿Regeneración democrática? Algunas reflexiones sobre la nueva Ley Orgánica 4/2013, de 28 de junio, de reforma del Consejo General del Poder Judicial = Democratic regeneration? The new organic Law 4/2013, 28th june on reform of the General Council of the Judiciary

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Riveira, Rosa María

    2014-01-01

    Este trabajo analiza la nueva ley Orgánica 4/2013, de 28 de junio de reforma del Consejo General del Poder Judicial, órgano de gobierno de jueces y magistrados. La primera parte estudia los problemas de técnica legislativa en la elaboración de la ley y la segunda, los problemas materiales que plantea como: la modificación y reducción de competencias del Consejo y en especial su Potestad reglamentaria, el nuevo sistema para elegir a sus vocales, las nuevas situaciones y licencias en su proceso...

  18. El género judicial. Materiales para su uso lingüístico / The judicial genre. Materials for its Linguistic study

    OpenAIRE

    Susana Ridao Rodrigo

    2010-01-01

    Resumen: El objetivo de este libro es contribuir al estudio del género judicial mediante la utilización de corpus orales. En el ámbito anglosajón, la lingüística forense ha sido una línea de trabajo muy cultivada por diversos investigadores, como lingüistas, sociólogos, psicólogos o traductores; pues nos encontramos ante un campo de análisis interdisciplinar. Estamos convencidos de que en español se han realizado pocos estudios sobre juicios orales debido a las dificultades que conlleva conse...

  19. Promoting Justices: Media Coverage of Judicial Nominations in Israel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bryna Bogoch

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper compares the framing of the coverage of judicial appointments in Israel in 2008 in two newspapers with nomination news from preceding years and to the patterns of press coverage in the U.S. A content analysis of 101 Supreme Court nomination articles indicated that unlike the political frame of American coverage, the press in Israel preserves its ostensible commitment to the professionalism of judges while linking the Supreme Court to political maneuvering in the selection of candidates. These findings are discussed within the context of the media's role in constructing judicial nominations as a debate about the role of the Supreme Court in Israeli society. Este artículo compara el marco de la cobertura de los nombramientos judiciales en Israel en 2008 en dos periódicos, con noticias de nombramientos de años anteriores y en los Estados Unidos, con los patrones de cobertura de prensa en los EE.UU. Un análisis de contenido de 101 artículos de nombramientos de la Corte Suprema indicó que, a diferencia del marco político de la cobertura de América, la prensa en Israel consierva su aparente compromiso con la profesionalidad de los jueces, a pesar de que relaciona la Corte Suprema con maniobras políticas en la selección de candidatos. Estos resultados se discuten en el contexto del papel de los medios de comunicación en la construcción de los nombramientos judiciales como un debate sobre el papel de la Corte Suprema en la sociedad israelí. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2478756

  20. 28 CFR 0.49 - International judicial assistance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false International judicial assistance. 0.49 Section 0.49 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE ORGANIZATION OF THE DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE Civil... authorities which are referred to the Department of Justice through diplomatic or other governmental...

  1. Judicial system of the Russian Federation: reforming errors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaydidey Yu.M.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The urgency of considering problems of modern Russian judicial system and judicial policy is emphasized. The author proves the necessity to study the judicial system of our country in detail. The content of judicial system is analyzed and its structural elements are described. Factors determining the structure of national judicial system are characterized. The main feature of the Russian judicial system is noted, notably: centralization (there is no independent judicial authority in regions except constitutional justice. Considering the judicial system as hierarchically structured set of courts is too simplified and is not conformable to modern justice tasks. The ways of optimizing the system of courts as well as the judicial system of the Russian Federation are proposed. Interim results of the reform in the form of abolishment of the RF Supreme Arbitration Court are negatively evaluated. Intraorganizational transformations have substituted the evolutionary development of the judicial system and the necessity to improve the justice itself. The author confirms that development of relevant draft bill was not accompanied by conducting public researches, studying statistical data, and making general conclusions, proving the efficiency of establishing an integrated supreme court. Threats and challenges to law order are ignored. Supreme courts integration has virtually established a new judicial system, though the proper legal base for it has not been developed. The viewpoints of researchers, warning against negative effects of such reform, are provided. It is concluded that the law under study does not meet present demands of the Russian judicial system.

  2. POLITIK HUKUM JUDICIAL REVIEW DI INDONESIA

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    Kartono Kartono

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Although Indonesia judicial review system is not opens the possibility of regulations review under the act against the constitution, das sollen pracitically these conditions may still occur. From political of law the legal authority of constitutional court should be able to put the interests of citizens rights that are based on the principles of recognition, guarantees, protection and legal certainty of a fair and equal treatment before the law. Given that changes in the constitution can not be done easily, then the judicial review in UUD 1945 should not be formulated too limitedly that restricting the organic law to complete and explore the authority that is adaptable to any concrete problem. Keywords: politics of law, constitutional court, UUD 1945, limitedly.

  3. CDA Judicial Council: blending idealism and practicality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiger, Robert D

    2013-07-01

    The California Dental Association Judicial Council has the responsibility for interpreting and enforcing the Code of Ethics, for disciplining members and for fostering a climate of education and ethics awareness for CDA members. The Council recognizes the inherent difficulty in rigid enforcement of the Code of Ethics, and chooses to take an approach that educates and encourages members to embrace the highest standards of our profession as outlined in the Code.

  4. Judicial considerations with regard to civil liability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pittelli, S D; Muñoz, D R

    2007-03-01

    This paper addresses the relationship between the doctrinaire position of a judge in terms of the civil liability objective and subjective theories and the results of their decisions in terms of "acquittal/against judgments". A system of classification of matter of fact results is proposed and the influence on the result of the decision of each category is also tested. The material consists of 71 records of judicial procedures from São Paulo State Court of Justice.

  5. Thinking about Judges and Judicial Performance: Perspective of the Public and Court Users

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Rottman

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Studies of the courts, conducted primarily in the United States, suggest that the way legal professionals think about judging underpins nearly all official evaluations of judicial performance. The general public has a different view than lawyers of judging that merits consideration along with the type of criteria emphasized by the legal community. Research demonstrates that the public places the greatest importance on the extent to which a judge reaches decisions through a process that meets the public's expectations of fairness. Surveys of California residents and California attorneys are used to demonstrate the importance of procedural justice for explaining whether people have trust in the courts and regard court decisions as legitimate. The article describes and critiques existing judicial performance evaluation programs that incorporate procedural justice principles as a dimension for measuring judicial quality through both survey and observational methods. Los estudios sobre tribunales llevados a cabo principalmente en Estados Unidos, sugieren que la opinión sobre el hecho de juzgar de los profesionales del derecho están detrás de casi todas las evaluaciones del rendimiento judicial oficiales. El público general tiene una visión del hecho de juzgar diferente a la de los abogados, que debe tenerse en cuenta junto con los criterios destacados por la comunidad jurídica. La investigación demuestra que el público da mayor importancia a que un juez tome una decisión a través de un proceso que cumpla con sus expectativas de justicia. Se emplean encuestas a residentes de California y abogados de California para demostrar la importancia de la justicia procesal, a la hora de explicar si la gente tiene confianza en los tribunales y perciben las decisiones judiciales como legítimas. El artículo describe y critica los programas de evaluación del rendimiento judicial que incorporan principios de justicia procesal como una dimensión para

  6. The Party Members’ Court: judicial control over intraparty disputes in Mexico El Tribunal de los Militantes: el control judicial de los conflictos intrapartidistas en México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier MARTÍN REYES

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Between 1997 and 2003, in a series of relevant cases, the Electoral Court of the Federal Judicial Branch (ECFJB increased its capacity to adjudicate intraparty disputes. This paper explains how the ECFJB, without a supporting legislation, was able to establish a direct and far reaching control over intraparty disputes such as the election of party leaders, the selection of candidates, or the punishment of party members. Following a strategic behavior approach, I will provide empirical evidence to prove that there was a negative correlation between the level of judicial control over the parties’ internal life, on the one hand, and the vulnerability of the ECFJB from the legislature and party leaders, on the other.Entre 1997 y 2003, el Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la Federación (TEPJF emitió diversos criterios jurisprudenciales mediante los cuales incrementó su capacidad para conocer de conflictos generados al interior de los partidos políticos. Este artículo explica cómo el TEPJF, sin una legislación que le diera facultades para ello, pudo establecer un control directo y de largo alcance para resolver litigios relacionados con la elección de dirigentes partidistas, la selección de candidatos o la imposición de sanciones a militantes. Siguiendo un enfoque de comportamiento estratégico, se aportará evidencia empírica para probar la existencia de una correlación negativa entre el nivel del control judicial ejercido sobre la vida interna de los partidos, por una parte, y la vulnerabilidad del TEPJF frente al Poder Legislativo y las dirigencias partidistas, por la otra.

  7. Corte Constitucional y cambios en la Política Pública de Atención a la Población Desplazada por la violencia. Una mirada al activismo judicial desde el enfoque Institucional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Carolina Morales

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Una de las fortalezas de nuestra Corte Constitucional es la capacidad de generar cambios institucionales. Esta afirmación obedece al estudio de una serie de consecuencias derivadas de la sentencia T-025 de 2004, luego de la cual sobrevinieron algunas actuaciones del Estado y de la sociedad que enfocaron la Política Pública de Atención a la Población Desplazada hacia un nuevo escenario: la existencia de una situación de crisis y la necesidad inminente de superarlo. Las Cortes, que en estricto sentido no cumplen funciones de diseño y evaluación de política pública, de frente a una situación de grave violación de Derechos Humanos, a un preocupante estancamiento de la política pública, a la ineficiencia del Ejecutivo y a la poca atención del Legislativo, pueden entrar a asumir nuevos roles que ponen en evidencia la desatención estatal y la necesidad de tomar acciones inmediatas.

  8. ¿Puede demandarse el Divorcio, cuando ya se ha debatido y resuelto judicialmente la Separación Judicial?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Baraona González

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo se plantea el efecto que tiene una sentencia que se ha pronunciado sobre una separación judicial en la nueva Ley de Matrimonio Civil, de cara a la posibilidad de iniciar, fundado en los mismos hechos, un juicio de divorcio. El autor concluye que la sentencia judicial que decreta la separación tiene un efecto preclusivo sobre la futura acción de divorcio intentada por los mismos hechos. En el artículo se revisa la historia de la de aprobación de las normas y se analiza el panorama en derecho comparado, en países en que existe tanto separación como.This paper examines the effect of a judicial resolution that has accepted the separation, according to the new Ley de Matrimonio Civil, in relation with the possibility to begin a divorce trial in the future, pleading the same facts. The author concludes that the judicial resolution has precluded the divorce action supported in the same facts. The paper offers the approving history of the Act and a comparative law survey, in the countries that have in their marriage law, separation and divorce.

  9. Los marcos de acción colectiva compartidos que legitiman las luchas contra la precariedad laboral de una red de activismo autónoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Mercedes Pinto Mascareño

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo revisamos los enfoques Clásicos y las teorías de la Movilización de Recursos, de los Nuevos Movimientos Sociales y la actual perspectiva Socioconstruccionista de los ‘marcos de acción colectiva’. Son escasas, sin embargo, las investigaciones que analizan el sentido y la naturaleza compartida de los marcos, como concebidos por Gamson (1992 y Klandermans (1997. Analizamos, por tanto, estos aspectos de los marcos de acción colectiva presentes en documentos y entrevistas con activistas de una red de activismo autónoma que lucha contra la precariedad laboral, utilizando el análisis categorial temático. Contrastando con la aparente diversidad de sentidos, identificamos 3 marcos de acción colectiva compartidos que apoyan las luchas contra este problema y que pueden ser utilizados para construir, mediante consenso, un marco de acción colectiva común. Discutimos estos resultados destacando la complejidad de la dimensión cualitativa y colectiva de los marcos y la necesidad de una mayor teorización.

  10. Fragmentos de un Imaginario Judicial de la Sana Crítica

    OpenAIRE

    Coloma Correa,Rodrigo; Agüero San Juan,Claudio

    2014-01-01

    Esta es una investigación sobre el imaginario judicial de la Sana Crítica. El enfoque es cualitativo y las conclusiones no admiten proyección estadística de lo que hacen y piensan los jueces chilenos. El interés radica en que presenta construcciones mentales compartidas por algunos actores relevantes, las que no aparecen como preferencias puramente individuales sino como productos de la interacción social (no puramente casual). La metodología aplicada es propia de problemáticas en las que exi...

  11. Principio de Confidencialidad y Magisterio de la Defensa en la Cooperación Judicial Penal Internacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl Cervini

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A modo de introducción a un tema de actualidad. Aspectos conceptuales de "portada general". La facultad jurisdiccional de declarar la confidencialidad de una medida de cooperación judicial penal internacional. Sobre la racional coexistencia entre esa facultad jurisdiccional de declarar la confidencialidad de la medida y la facultad de contralor de los procedimientos en ejecución por parte del abogado. A modo de conclusión

  12. Principio de Confidencialidad y Magisterio de la Defensa en la Cooperación Judicial Penal Internacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl Cervini

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A modo de introducción a un tema de actualidad. Aspectos conceptuales de "portada general". La facultad jurisdiccional de declarar la confidencialidad de una medida de cooperación judicial penal internacional. Sobre la racional coexistencia entre esa facultad jurisdiccional de declarar la confidencialidad de la medida y la facultad de contralor de los procedimientos en ejecución por parte del abogado. A modo de conclusión

  13. China's Judicial Protection of Human Rights

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHEN LIANG

    2007-01-01

    @@ China has devoted great efforts to improving judicial protection of human rights in the past 30 years.It has ratified the International Covenant on Economic,Social and Cultural Rights,signed but yet to ratify the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and become a state party to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel,Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.In March 2004,the 10th National People's Congress adopted at its second plenary session the amendments to the Constitution,writing "the state respects and protects human rights" into the Constitution,declaring that China will use legal means to protect and safeguard human rights.

  14. Evaluating Judicial Performance and Addressing Gender Bias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Melville

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Elek and Rottman argue that judicial evaluation is often biased against women and minority judges. The need to address bias is important, however often the desire for diversity seems so self-evident as to belie deeper analysis. This paper examines the two main rationales for gender equality on the bench. First, female judges are often considered necessary in order to bring a gendered perspective to judging, however it is argued that this rationale is flawed. Second, an alternative rationale based on equality and legitimacy is offered which avoids gender essentialism. While debates typically focus on these two rationales, a third rationale embraces both difference and equality/legitimacy. The presence of female judges has an important symbolic value which destabilises existing fraternal legal norms. Finally, increasing the number of female judges may not necessarily change judging, and this paper also analyses how the transformative potential offered by judicial diversity can work in practice. Elek y Rottman defienden que la evaluación judicial suele estar sesgada en contra de las mujeres y los jueces pertenecientes a minorías. La necesidad de abordar el sesgo es importante, sin embargo a menudo el deseo de diversidad parece tan evidente como para contradecir un análisis más profundo. Este artículo examina los dos motivos principales para la igualdad de género en el banquillo. En primer lugar, las mujeres jueces a menudo se consideran necesarias para aportar una perspectiva de género al hecho de juzgar, sin embargo, se defiende que este razonamiento es erróneo. En segundo lugar, se ofrece una alternativa lógica basada en la igualdad y la legitimidad que evita el esencialismo de género. Mientras que los debates suelen centrarse en estas dos razones, una tercera justificación abarca tanto la diferencia como la igualdad/legitimidad. La presencia de mujeres en la judicatura tiene un importante valor simbólico que desestabiliza las normas

  15. Movimientos sociales, activismo constitucional y narrativa democrática en la Argentina contemporánea

    OpenAIRE

    Delamata,Gabriela

    2013-01-01

    El artículo analiza tres casos recientes de movilización social de tipo legal en Argentina y subraya el rol de la Constitución y de la comunidad legal garantista en su despliegue. El enfoque utilizado propone entender estos procesos como reactivación del patrón activista gestado en la transición democrática y señala los efectos de su desarrollo actual sobre los procedimientos democráticos y la gramática de ciudadanía. Fil: Delamata, Gabriela. Consejo Nacional de Investigaciones Científicas...

  16. Reforma al poder judicial de la federación

    OpenAIRE

    Santiago Nieto Castillo

    2007-01-01

    Por Reforma Judicial se entiende el proceso de diagnóstico, evaluación, propuesta de modificación (estructural y procedimiental) que se realiza en un Poder Judicial para fortalecerlo. Para diseñarla, es necesario conjugar tres ejes conceptuales (independencia, eficiencia-eficacia, accesibilidad) con las categorías institucionales que nos dibuja la forma de organización del poder judicial.

  17. Judicial Labor Relations in the European Union

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgeta MODIGA

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The European social law represents the branch of the international labor law consisting of the regulations in this matter adopted by the Council of Europe, respectively the European Union. If the instruments elaborated within the Council of Europe are, in virtue of its objectives, limited as number, the law elaborated within the European Union, known as „community social law" knew full expansion in the latest years. In the current language, we are witnessing a confusion of terms, the collocation „European social law” being attributed either to the law created through the conventions and agreements of the Council of Europe, as „European” in title, or the law consisting of the regulations and directives of the European Union. In reality, in our opinion, both sets of regional norms, together, represent a new branch of international law, maybe insufficient grounded theoretically, the social European law. The work relations related to the European social law are not established only in the sector of production of material goods, but also in the section of nonproductive activities such as those units (economic agents, private and judicial entities, state or private, institutions, administrative authorities etc. which hire personnel for management or execution positions, in productive or nonproductive sectors (hold and exert administrative, sanitary etc. positions. The social work relations stemming from the individual labor contract have a leading position from the other typical or atypical forms, judicial work relations in the European social law and the law of the EU member states.

  18. Data driven information system for supervision of judicial open

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming LI

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Aiming at the four outstanding problems of informationized supervision for judicial publicity, the judicial public data is classified based on data driven to form the finally valuable data. Then, the functional structure, technical structure and business structure of the data processing system are put forward, including data collection module, data reduction module, data analysis module, data application module and data security module, etc. The development of the data processing system based on these structures can effectively reduce work intensity of judicial open iformation management, summarize the work state, find the problems, and promote the level of judicial publicity.

  19. Creación y activismo desde la perspectiva de género y de orientación sexual Creation and activism from the gender and sexual orientation perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gloria G. Durán

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo del colectivo Toxic Lesbian y de Elena Tóxica está enmarcado en el nuevo modelo del arte público, activismo y del discurso de género y orientación sexual. Todo el trabajo del colectivo se materializa en internet, es generado en streaming y difundido en la red, como ese nuevo espacio público que abre la posibilidad de un equilibrio real entre usuarios, un trasvase real de conocimientos y una posibilidad también real de diversidad de identidades.

  20. Estrategia comunicativa para el fortalecimiento interinstitucional en la Campaña 16 días de activismo contra la violencia hacia las mujeres (25 nov-10 dic.)

    OpenAIRE

    Moncayo Vaca, Sandra Lorena

    2012-01-01

    El presente trabajo académico con el título: “Estrategia comunicativa para el fortalecimiento interinstitucional en la campaña 16 días de activismo contra la violencia hacia las mujeres (25 nov-10 dic.)año 2006” se divide en 6 capítulos en los cuales se aborda varias categorías teóricas que pretenden profundizar en la comprensión del problema de la violencia de Género que sirva de fundamento para el posterior diseño de la estrategia comunicativa. El Desarrollo del Marco Teór...

  1. Creación y activismo desde la perspectiva de género y de orientación sexual Creation and activism from the gender and sexual orientation perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Gloria G. Durán

    2012-01-01

    El trabajo del colectivo Toxic Lesbian y de Elena Tóxica está enmarcado en el nuevo modelo del arte público, activismo y del discurso de género y orientación sexual. Todo el trabajo del colectivo se materializa en internet, es generado en streaming y difundido en la red, como ese nuevo espacio público que abre la posibilidad de un equilibrio real entre usuarios, un trasvase real de conocimientos y una posibilidad también real de diversidad de identidades.

  2. Creación y activismo desde la perspectiva de género y de orientación sexual Creation and activism from the gender and sexual orientation perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Durán, Gloria G.

    2012-01-01

    El trabajo del colectivo Toxic Lesbian y de Elena Tóxica está enmarcado en el nuevo modelo del arte público, activismo y del discurso de género y orientación sexual. Todo el trabajo del colectivo se materializa en internet, es generado en streaming y difundido en la red, como ese nuevo espacio público que abre la posibilidad de un equilibrio real entre usuarios, un trasvase real de conocimientos y una posibilidad también real de diversidad de identidades.

  3. Estudio sobre cooperación jurídica, auxilio judicial internacional y extradición en material de tráfico de drogas y otros delitos relacionados, entre la UE y sus Estados miembro y los países de América Latina y el Caribe

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Investigadores del proyecto: Ángel Bodoque, José Miguel García, Andrea Murillo, Juan Emilio Oviedo, Clara Penín, María Dolores Millán, Elena Domínguez, Rosa Ana Morán, Ignacio Ubaldo, Pedro Pérez Enciso, Marc Robinson, Mar Jimeno, Rosa Rocha, Javier Luis Parra, Willem F. Korthals Altes, José Manuel Sánchez Editores del estudio: Miguel de Domingo, Marisa Ramos El principal objetivo de este estudio es aportar datos, cifras y un análisis detallado al debate sobre la función, el uso, los ob...

  4. A Virtude Soberana e o Poder Judiciário no Brasil Contemporâneo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Suzano Machado

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2177-7055.2013v35n68p189O presente artigo trata de três temas. Em primeiro lugar, destaca, na trilha de Ronald Dworkin, que a igualdade é a virtude soberana da comunidade política e se o governo abre mão da igual consideração e respeito por todos os cidadãos, ele abre mão também de sua legitimidade, o que nos leva à importante questão de como tem sido construída a noção de igual consideração e respeito no Brasil. Em segundo lugar, destaca que transformações políticas e sociais recentes levaram o Poder Judiciário a assumir uma posição cada vez mais proeminente na construção da verdade nas democracias ocidentais, refletindo sobre as consequências dessa mudança de paradigma. Por fim, cruzando esses dois pontos, o artigo objetiva refletir sobre a importância, potencialidades e limites, da função do Poder Judiciário de delimitar o conteúdo da virtude soberana da igualdade no Brasil contemporâneo.

  5. Does Judge Turnover Affect Judicial Performance?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guerra, Alice; Tagliapietra, Claudio

    2017-01-01

    Italy is among the countries with the highest litigation rate and those with the highest duration of trials. This article shows that judge turnover contributes negatively to delays in Italian courts and outlines possible policies for improvement. In Italy, judges can voluntarily move from one...... office to another after three years of mandate, and the law prescribes their transfer after ten years to guarantee their independence. Flaws in the process managing the backlog of outbound judges and the existence of asynchrony between outbound and inbound transfers produce a chain of delays...... to the disposition of court cases. Using a novel dataset on Court of Appeal Districts in Italy (2008–2012), we provide evidence of a strong negative relation between high turnover rates and judicial performance. We find that marginal increases in judge turnover rates lead to a statistically significant decrease...

  6. Imaginaries of Judicial Practices in Cali, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lina Buchely

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the emotions of users and functionaries involved in the justice system and the administration of justice in Cali, Colombia. The analysis presented argues that the state not only employs a bureaucratic rational language but also invokes emotions and feelings. In this sense, it is not only the central imaginaries of the state justice system and judicial processes but also the idea of justice itself that is marked by tediousness, delay and chaos, imaginaries of the system that were identified by the users and the officials involved in the administration of the system. There is no justice if it is not a process that is tedious, marked by ritual, mysticism, disorder and difficulties. These findings demonstrate that, against liberal discourses that emphasize the order, unity and rationality of public actions, that the power of the state actually operates through the disaggregated, the irrational and the emotional, a much wider and inexplicable framework.

  7. JUDICIAL CONTROL OF ENVIRONMENTAL ADMINISTRATIVE ACT = CONTROLE JUDICIAL DO ATO ADMINISTRATIVO AMBIENTAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriano Garcia de Souza

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This work evaluated the current judicial control of the environmental administrative acts, considering the evolution of the legal doctrine after the Federal Constitution of 1988. The legal conception of the environmental administrative act has, gradually, being modified after the promulgation of the Federal Constitution of 1988. The insertion, in the constitutional text, of directional principles of the public administration, together with specific commandments of the environmental protection, forced the law scholars to modify the traditionalistic vision of the principle of the presumption of legality of the administrative act, when it is able to cause significant environmental damage to biodiversity. Such positioning of the legal doctrine has forced some courts to judge, more severely, the principles of the environmental administrative act, analyzing not only the formal aspects of its establishment, but also its motivation, reasonableness proportionality and purpose. However, the defense of the doctrines of the administrative law in the amplification of the judicial control of the environmental administrative act is not causing a sensible alteration in the jurisprudence that still reflects a positioning of the courts in the exclusive analysis of its formulation. The extended judicial control, although not yet a rule in the judicial analysis of the environmental administrative acts, demonstrates a way to be pursued in the preservation of the natural resources, amplifying and diversifying the existing control mechanisms. = Este trabalho visa avaliar o controle judicial atual dos atos administrativos ambientais, considerando a evolução da doutrina jurídica pós Constituição Federal de 1988, cuja concepção vem, paulatinamente, sendo alterada a partir de então. A inserção, no texto constitucional, de princípios norteadores da administração pública, aliada aos mandamentos específicos da tutela ambiental, vem levando os estudiosos do

  8. Peers and Plagiarism: The Role of Student Judicial Boards

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitaker, Elaine

    2007-01-01

    After reading Kathryn Valentine's article that talked about her interaction with a Chinese student accused of plagiarism, the author was reminded of the effectiveness of student judicial boards. In this article, the author describes the benefits of having a student judicial board in fighting off plagiarism among students. She relates that although…

  9. Semantic Storyboard of Judicial Debates: A Novel Multimedia Summarization Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fersini, E.; Sartori, F.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The need of tools for content analysis, information extraction and retrieval of multimedia objects in their native form is strongly emphasized into the judicial domain: digital videos represent a fundamental informative source of events occurring during judicial proceedings that should be stored, organized and retrieved in short time and…

  10. 13 CFR 142.37 - What judicial review is available?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What judicial review is available? 142.37 Section 142.37 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT REGULATIONS Decisions and Appeals § 142.37 What judicial review is available? 31 U.S.C....

  11. 13 CFR 142.36 - Can I obtain judicial review?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 13 Business Credit and Assistance 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Can I obtain judicial review? 142.36 Section 142.36 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT REGULATIONS Decisions and Appeals § 142.36 Can I obtain judicial review? If the...

  12. 31 CFR 357.23 - Judicial proceedings-sovereign immunity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial proceedings-sovereign immunity. 357.23 Section 357.23 Money and Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance... Securities System (Legacy Treasury Direct) § 357.23 Judicial proceedings—sovereign immunity. (a) Department...

  13. Ultima Ratio and the Judicial Application of Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joxerramon Bengoetxea

    2013-01-01

    én se tienen en cuenta las cuestiones de impunidad y castigo excesivo. La segunda parte del trabajo analiza los posibles efectos sobre la aplicación de la ley por los jueces del principio ultima ratio, un principio político-moral general, principalmente dirigido principalmente al legislador. El impacto del ultima ratio en las diferentes sub-decisiones de la aplicación judicial del derecho penal se detalla a partir de las decisiones sobre la calificación, evidencia (inferencias, interpretación y consecuencias de las sentencias. A continuación se analiza el papel del ultima ratio en los veredictos de apelación y casación. La tercera parte y conclusión aborda las principales ideologías de ultima ratio y, de forma más amplia, del papel que juega en lograr en Europa un derecho penal orientado al garantimos. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2200875

  14. The judicial process: an overview from the TDA Council on Ethics and Judicial Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burk, Roy N

    2011-08-01

    From time to time, the Council on Ethics and Judicial Affairs must investigate and act on the alleged unethical behavior of Texas Dental Association members. Because the alleged behavior is directed at a colleague and TDA member, the work of the council is neither comfortable nor inviting. Nonetheless, council decisions are made taking into account its mission to investigate the allegation between the parties and to improve dental ethics in the state.

  15. La suspensión condicional del procedimiento aplicada en la Unidad Judicial Norte Nº 2 por el Cantón Guayaquil

    OpenAIRE

    Fierro Bosquez, Lincol Giovanny

    2013-01-01

    El tema de investigación trata sobre: “LA SUSPENSIÓN CONDICIONAL DEL PROCEDIMIENTO APLICADA EN LA UNIDAD JUDICIAL NORTE N° 2 POR EL CANTÓN GUAYAQUIL”, procedimientos penales y salidas alternativas que se pueden aplicar para mejorar y agilitar las actuaciones de los operadores de justicia. Política que fue expedida por el Consejo Consultivo de la Función Judicial y resuelta en la cesión del 15 de febrero del 2011, como aplicación prioritaria de las salidas alternativas y procedimientos especia...

  16. Biosociabilidad y demandas por derechos en el activismo de personas de sectores populares afectadas por VIH-SIDA Biosociabilidade e reclamações por direitos no ativismo de pessoas de camadas populares vivendo com HIV-Aids Biosociability and claims for rights in less privileged neighborhoods of Buenos Aires people living with HIV activism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan José Gregoric

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo despliega resultados de una etnografía sobre el activismo de personas afectadas por el VIH-SIDA de barrios populares del Área Metropolitana de Buenos Aires. Analizo aspectos de la conformación de grupos y asociaciones de activistas, la construcción de espacios de contención y sociabilidad y las demandas generadas para garantizar el acceso a tratamientos antirretrovirales gratuitos y mejorar la asistencia que reciben desde el Estado. Intento mostrar que, para una parte de la población afectada, el VIH-SIDA devino un eje político para organizarse legítimamente, crear reivindicaciones expresadas en términos del derecho a la salud y la vida y a partir de allí también reclamar un mayor acceso a derechos sociales.O artigo apresenta alguns resultados de uma etnografia sobre o ativismo de pessoas vivendo com o HIV-Aids em bairros populares da Área Metropolitana de Buenos Aires . . O artigo analisa a conformação de grupos y associações de ativistas, a construção de espacos de contenção e sociabilidade e as demandas criadas com o objetivo de garantir acesso as drogas antiretrovirais e melhorar a assistência. Procuro mostrar que para essas pessoas o HIV-Aids tornou-se um eixo político para se organizar legitimamente, criar reivindicações expressadas em lutas por aceso ao direito a saúde e a vida e para reclamar maior aceso a direitos sociais.This article shows some of the results of an ethnographic research about the activism of people living with HIV-Aids in the less privileged neighborhoods of Buenos Aires. I analyze aspects of the structure of activist groups and associations, the building up of spaces for contention and sociability and the demands generated to guarantee free access to antiretroviral treatments and improve the assistance they get from the State. I intend to show that for a part of the afflicted population HIV gave rise to social and political action and vindications expressed in terms of the right

  17. Judicial Performance Review in Arizona: A Critical Assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca White Berch

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Judicial performance evaluations are a relatively new tool for assessing judges and providing information to voters to help them determine whether to retain judges in contested or retention elections. Arizona implemented its judicial evaluation program about 20 years ago, and since that time, the state has continually strived to improve its process. The result is that today Arizona has one of the most progressive and comprehensive judicial performance evaluation programs in the United States. This article takes a critical look at the strengths and weaknesses of Arizona’s program, keeping in mind two key values that the system seeks to protect: judicial accountability and judicial independence. Las evaluaciones del rendimiento judicial son una herramienta relativamente nueva para evaluar a los jueces y ofrecer información a los votantes, que les ayude a decidir si quieren reelegir a los jueces en las elecciones. Arizona implementó su programa de evaluación judicial hace unos 20 años, y desde ese momento, el Estado se ha esforzado continuamente en mejorar el proceso. El resultado es que hoy en día, Arizona tiene uno de los programas de evaluación del rendimiento judicial más progresistas e integrales de los Estados Unidos. Este artículo ofrece una mirada crítica a las fortalezas y debilidades del programa de Arizona, teniendo en cuenta dos valores clave que el sistema trata de proteger: la responsabilidad judicial y la independencia judicial. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2533868

  18. Género y tecnología. Capacitación para el activismo de las mujeres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dafne Sabanes Plou

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available La participación de las mujeres en el uso estratégico y el desarrollo de tecnologías de la información y la comunicación es una de las metas principales de los Intercambios Tecnológicos Feministas. Estas instancias de capacitación reúnen a mujeres que militan por sus derechos y que quieren tener más herramientas para incidir en las políticas públicas y en las decisiones políticas que les permitan avances en la construcción de una sociedad con justicia de género. Los Intercambios están enmarcados por las Prácticas feministas de la tecnología, que permiten abordar las cuestiones críticas de género y tecnología de la información y la comunicación a las cuales es necesario dar respuesta para crear y sostener igualdad de oportunidades para las mujeres en el uso, desarrollo y acceso a los beneficios que brindan estas tecnologías. Estas prácticas también dan marco a la posibilidad de dar una mirada crítica a las políticas sobre tecnología de la información y la comuni-cación que priman en la actualidad, con el fin de marcar la relevancia de políticas de inclusión digital, para el desarrollo de una sociedad con equidad. Las experiencias relatadas, que tuvieron lugar en capacitaciones en tecnología  en América Latina, permiten constatar la relevancia del uso de estas herramientas en el trabajo por los derechos de las mujeres.

  19. La Gaceta Judicial (1861-1862

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vania Ramos Núñez

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available La elaboración del índice que presentamos ha sido emprendida usando dos colecciones de la Biblioteca Nacional del Perú. Una de ellas puede hallarse en la Colección Porras de la Sala Alberto Tauroo antigua sala de investigaciones, bajo el código XPPB/340/Gl2J/1857. Dicha colección se encuentra incompleta y ha sido compaginada junto a la Gaceta de los Tribunales (1857-1860 con la que comparte un volumen. La segunda, en mejor estado de conservación, base primordial de este trabajo, pudo consultarse en la vieja hemeroteca, hoy Sala «José Antonio Miró Quesada», hallándose virtualmente completa. Unicamente faltaban los números 4 y 218, correspondientes al 22 de mayo de 1861 y al 26 de febrero de 1862, respectivamente. La Gaceta Judicial/P.1861, en el fondo hemerográfico, es la única seña que identifica a esta segunda colección.

  20. Improvements of Judicial Systems: European Experiences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pim Albers

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A proper function of courts is to positively influence the economic development of societies. Companies or enterprises are best served when courts function in a fast, fair and affordable manner. However, courts exist not only for the sake of companies, but to bring justice to citizens in accordance with the rule of law. I will focus little attention on the difficulties associated with defining the concept of rule of law. However, it is important to emphasize that developed societies must respect the rule of law. They do so by ensuring an independent judiciary, an impartial court system, a degree of separation of powers between the executive, legislative and the judicial powers of government, and the right to a fair trial. In the greater European community, these essential conditions are set forth in article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights which states that: “(… everyone is entitled to a fair and public hearing within reasonable time by an independent and impartial tribunal established by law

  1. La Rama Judicial frente al conflicto armado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Alberto Gómez Araujo

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available La Rama Judicial en Colombia ha sido victima continua de la violencia, pero en igual sentido, se ha convertido también en un factor generador en la medida en que la falta de una pronta y cumplida justicia o la imposibilidad de acceder a ella, trae como consecuencia una desconfianza en la institucionalídad y una tenencia a la búsqueda de otras soluciones al margen de la ley. No obstante la existencia de un marco normativo idóneo para impulsar procesos de paz en Colombia y los intentos formales por acudir a los mecanismos concertados de solución de conflictos, el fracaso de tales esfuerzos se debe a la ausencia de voluntad política real de los actores del conflicto, lo que ha venido generando en la comunidad incredulidad y desesperanza en la solución del conflicto por estas vias. Sin embargo, es vital para elfuturo de la sociedad colombiana persistir en la exploración defórmulas que busquen una salída a la coyuntura dolorosa de violencia que estamos pasando.

  2. La influencia del género en las decisiones de los tribunales: del paternalismo judicial a los papeles familiares The influence of the gender on judicial decision-making: from judicial paternalism to family roles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreia de Castro-Rodrigues

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Recurriendo al concepto de género como objeto de análisis, este artículo realiza una retrospectiva sobre la evolución de la investigación sobre la influencia de factores extralegales en las decisiones judiciales, a través de la lectura de sus referencias bibliográficas más destacadas. En el caso concreto del género, esta evolución se caracteriza por una sofisticación crítica que provocó un cambio en las explicaciones asociadas a las diferencias encontradas en las sentencias atribuidas a hombres y mujeres. Esta transición parte de perspectivas simplistas relacionadas con una actitud paternalista por parte del sistema de justicia criminal, y evoluciona hasta perspectivas complejas y multifacéticas relacionadas con los diferentes papeles familiares ejercidos por hombres y mujeres.Using the concept of gender as an object of analysis, this article aims at having a retrospective description of the methodological and conceptual evolution regarding the influence of extralegal aspects on judicial decisions research through the most prominent authors. In the specific case of Gender, this evolution is characterized by a critical sophistication. The transition in the explanations in differential criminal sentences attributed to men and women evolved from a simplistic perspective linked to paternalism and chivalry hypothesis to more complex and multifaceted standpoints related to the different family roles exercised by men and women.

  3. LA TUTELA JUDICIAL EFECTIVA EN LA RESOLUCIÓN DE DECLARATORIA DE ADOPTABILIDAD DE NIÑOS EN COLOMBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lina Marcela Estrada Jaramillo

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available En la actualidad se viene evidenciando falencias en las resoluciones de declaratorias de adoptabilidad de los niños y niñas proferidas por el Defensor de Familia en Colombia tal como se evidenció en la sentencia T- 844 de 2011, atribuible a la inobservancia de los lineamientos técnicos y legales establecidos para ésta medida de protección, de allí la necesidad de realizar una política sobre la adopciones que incluya la tutela judicial efectiva integrada por el debido proceso y la valoración probatoria tanto en sede administrativa como judicial, para superar las dificultades que se vienen presentando actualmente y así garantizar a partir de la misma, los derechos fundamentales de los sujetos implicados en ella.

  4. ANONIMATO DEL PROGENITOR Y DERECHO A LA IDENTIDAD DEL HIJO: DECISIONES JUDICIALES ENCONTRADAS SOBRE RESERVA DE IDENTIDAD EN LOS CASOS DE MADRE SOLTERA Y DONANTE DE ESPERMA Anonymity of genetic parents and the children's right to know own biological identity: Opossed judicial decisions about the secrecy of identity in the cases of single mother and sperm donors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón Duran Rivacoba

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo discute las soluciones que han dado en España el Tribunal Supremo y el Tribunal Constitucional a casos en los que se ven enfrentados la facultad de mantener el anonimato del progenitor y el derecho del hijo a conocer su identidad biológica. Se confronta la decisión del Tribunal Supremo de declarar inconstitucionales las normas legales que permiten a la madre no matrimonial resguardar su anonimato, con la sentencia del Tribunal Constitucional, emitida pocos meses antes, que declara constitucionalmente legítimo el anomimato del donante de esperma en el contexto de la aplicación de una técnica de reproducción humana asistida. Se argumenta en contra de ambas soluciones, sobre la base de que en la primera el anonimato materno cumple una función dirigida no directamente a proteger a la madre, sino a proteger al niño frente a un posible aborto o infanticidio por lo que el derecho a la identidad debe ser moderado. Para ilustrar la conveniencia y viabilidad de este razonamiento se hace un amplio análisis del caso "Odiévre" por el que el Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos concluyó que el sistema francés de reserva de la identidad de la madre no era contrario al Convenio Europeo. En cambio, se critica la solución del Tribunal Constitucional sobre el donante de esperma por sobredimensionar el derecho a la intimidad del progenitor en desmedro del interés del hijo. La puesta en contraste de estas soluciones permite constatar que la madre, que contaba con medidas de apoyo en concretas situaciones que pudieran poner en riesgo la vida del hijo, las pierde; mientras el padre que, a partir de la reforma del año 1981 que impuso la libertad de investigación de la paternidad, había perdido sus antiguos privilegios, se ve beneficiado de la misma dispensa que ahora se niega para la madre.The present paper discuss the solutions that Spain's Constitutional Tribunal and Spain's Supreme Court have issued in filiation cases, in which the

  5. Activismo cívico digital en Rumanía: La comunidad de Facebook en las protestas on-line contra Chevron

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta los resultados del análisis cuantitativo de las auto-representaciones de dos comunidades rumanas en Facebook durante las protestas on-line y off-line en contra del «fracking» en Rumanía. En 2013 los rumanos comenzaron a protestar contra las explotaciones de gas del gigante energético norteamericano Chevron en la aldea de Pungesti. Este movimiento de resistencia pasó, en poco más de un mes, de ser una herramienta de movilización rural a una de alcance nacional cuyo objetivo era ayudar a los campesinos afectados por las explotaciones de gas planificadas por Chevron. Dado que el óptimo grado de implicación on-line para pasar a una participación off-line depende mucho de las prácticas informativas, consideramos que un análisis de textos publicados en Facebook reflejará si éstos son compatibles y relevantes para los manifestantes. Nuestra premisa teórica está basada en la teoría del encuadre en movimientos sociales e informa nuestro análisis de contenido comparativo de los textos de dos comunidades rumanas de Facebook desde octubre de 2013 hasta febrero de 2014. En el trabajo se identifican las estrategias de encuadre verbal y visual, y los marcos de acción colectiva utilizados para formar la identidad de estas comunidades on-line. Los resultados obtenidos muestran el predominio de «la lucha por la tierra» como principal marco de acción colectiva, seguido del «conflicto» y la «solidaridad», e indican la preeminencia de fotos y archivos de vídeo como recursos de encuadre de relevancia cultural y como pruebas del activismo fuera de Internet en contra del «fracking» en Rumanía.

  6. A judicial rashomon: on ageism and narrative justice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doron, Israel

    2012-03-01

    How are old people treated in courts? How do judges construct old age? To what extent judicial decisions regarding older persons reflect ageist attitudes? Historically, these questions have received relatively little attention in gerontological literature. This Israeli case-study tries to add a new dimension to the growing literature in the field of jurisprudential gerontology, in a context that so far received little attention: narrative justice. More specifically, this study combines a narrative-justice theoretical approach, with a legal case-study methodology, in order to explore the relationships between judicial narratives and ageism. The narrative analysis presented in this case study exposes how in contrast to common perception, which views legal decisions as objective and unimaginative texts, reality is different. The judicial case studied in this article exemplify how in real life, judges often construct a socio-judicial narrative, embellished by personal bias and prejudices regarding old age.

  7. 42 CFR 405.990 - Expedited access to judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... controversy. (1) If a provider or supplier is granted judicial review in accordance with this section, the... obligations issued for purchase by the Federal Supplementary Medical Insurance Trust Fund for the month in... or suppliers under Medicare. ALJ Hearings...

  8. Judicial Review of Antitrust Decisions: Q&A

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Giovagnoli

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The RIA/IAR asked several experts to give their opinion on the Italian system of judicial review of antitrust decisions and its compatibility with art. 6 of the ECHR following a set of common questions.

  9. Judicial Decisions in the Field of Labour Law.

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Labour Review, 1993

    1993-01-01

    Summarizes recent judicial decisions in various countries concerning application of general legal principles to labor law, access to employment, conditions of employment, occupational safety and health, social security, and labor relations. (Author/SK)

  10. Judicial attitude to environmental litigation and access to ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Journal of Sustainable Development Law and Policy (The) ... victims of oil spill and environmental degradation are often left without judicial remedies. ... victims of environmental degradation may continue to fuel militancy in the years ahead.

  11. Caseload Allocation and Special Judicial Skills: Finding the 'Right Judge'?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Wallace

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Australian courts, as with those in most common law systems, value judicial officers who are generalists. Appointment to a court indicates that the appointee is capable of dealing impartially with all types of cases that come before it. However, caseload allocation processes within courts also recognize and value different skills or expertise that may be applied to particular types of cases or to particular judicial tasks. Our research investigates ways magistrates courts in Australia (first instance courts of general criminal and civil jurisdiction manage caseload allocation processes to match magistrates' skills and abilities to specific work demands within their general jurisdictions as well as to the demands of specialist lists and courts. The research draws on interview data collected from judicial officers and court staff involved in caseload allocation in four Australian jurisdictions. This research finds that these courts place a high value on the principle that ‘everyone should be able to do everything’ and the entitlement of individual judicial officers to a caseload that is balanced and fair in relation to their colleagues. However, this preference for generalist judicial officers can create tensions in relation to the need to staff specialist lists, and to sometimes use particular skills in the general lists. Despite the presumption of competence, those allocating generalist and specialist caseload take into account different skills and expertise in the judicial workforce in the allocation decisions. Preferences of judicial officers for particular types of work can also play a role. However, the process by which assessments are made about expertise is also less than transparent in many cases, and draws largely on informal sources of knowledge. Magistrates and court users may benefit from a more clearly defined and transparent process to identify and develop skills and expertise, and allocate caseload accordingly. Such a process

  12. 论司法能动%On Judicial Activism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴永福

    2012-01-01

    Judicial activism give judges the right to create rules on the condition that there are legal loopholes in laws or there is no precedent to follow.The judges of contemporary China should exert judicial activism,fully consider the factors of law,morality,policy,and economy in the process of judging,and make judicial decisions and other judicial activities more reasonable and be in line with the spirit of the law.Exerting judicial activism should follow certain rules and restrictions,not pure extreme judicial activism.%司法能动赋予法官在法律存在漏洞或无先例可循的情况下创制规则的权力。当代中国的法官应当发挥司法能动性,在裁决过程中充分考虑法律、道德、政策、经济等多种因素,使司法裁决等司法活动,更加符合理性,更加符合法律精神。司法能动的发挥应当遵循一定的规则和限制,而不是纯粹的极端司法能动主义。

  13. Judicial Districts, Judicial District, Published in 1999, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Lafayette County Land Records.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Judicial Districts dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 1999. It is...

  14. Judicial Districts, nevada judicial districts, Published in 2006, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Washoe County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Judicial Districts dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2006. It is described as 'nevada...

  15. Kári á Rógvi, West-Nordic Constitutional Judicial Review: A Comparative Study of Scandinavian Judicial Review and Judicial Reasoning (Copenhagen: Djøf Publishing, 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachael L. Johnstone

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Review of the following book: Kári á Rógvi, West-Nordic Constitutional Judicial Review: A Comparative Study of Scandinavian Judicial Review and Judicial Reasoning (Copenhagen: Djøf Publishing, 2013. pp. 364, 45.00 GBP (paperback. ISBN: 8757429154

  16. Ensenyament pràctic en 3D: judici virtual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Escutia Romero

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Aquest article descriu els resultats de l'aplicació de metaversos com a eina d'ensenyament en l'àmbit jurídic. L'activitat pedagògica realitzada s'ha dut a terme a través de la simulació d'un judici virtual a Second Life. L'enfocament donat a l'exercici del dret en un entorn virtual ha combinat les següents activitats: (1 l'anàlisi jurídica a través de fòrums de discussió, com una activitat obligatòria prèvia al judici. Aquesta tasca inicial es va dur a terme a través de la plataforma d'aprenentatge asincrònica en 2D Moodle (Aula Judicial; (2 el treball col.laboratiu a través de Google Docs per a preparar tots els documents legals pertinents (demanda, contestació i tramitació judicial; i (3 la immersió síncrona en una experiència 3D d'un judici a Second Life.

  17. Judicial System Restructuring and Modernization in Abu Dhabi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lawrence Groo

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to provide a practical overview of the recently initiated modernization of Abu Dhabi’s judicial system. Beginning in 2007, Abu Dhabi’s Government launched a comprehensive effort to transform the Emirate’s judicial system. While the implementation of these reforms is ongoing, with the adoption of the law in May 2007 establishing the new judicial architecture the initial phase of the modernization program is already complete. The restructuring process encompasses court management and administration reform, a new judicial training regime, a redesigned organizational structure for the Emirate’s Judicial Department and courts, and the establishment of a system-wide strategic planning and budgeting process. Many of these initiatives are supported by applying advanced IT-based applications. Given the early achievements and ambitious broader aims of the restructuring process, Abu Dhabi’s example is relevant not only to the other Emirates within the Federal UAE system, but also within the context of the wider Middle East region.

  18. A identidade do Direito na compreensão clássica da decisão judicial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Servilha Monteiro

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available O texto aborda o debate sobre ascaracterísticas específicas do poder de julgar e dalegitimidade política do juiz para decidir a partirde duas fórmulas paradigmáticas de compreensãoda decisão judicial no pensamento clássico dePlatão e Aristóteles. No confronto entre os fatoresjuiz, Política, realização do Direito e limites da leisão apresentadas as primeiras divergências sobrea atividade judicial como elementos de identificaçãodo Direito entre o paradoxo da legalidade e aprodução da decisão como atividade positivada.The text approaches the debate aboutthe power decision specific characteristics and thejudge decision legitimacy politics from twoparadigmatic understandings of the judicialdecision on the Plato and Aristotle classic thought.On the confrontation between the factors judge,Politics, Law accomplishment and law limits arepresented the judicial activity first divergences aselements of Law identification between the legalityparadox and the decision making as positiveactivity.

  19. The Movement Strategy in Taiwan’s Judicial Independence Reform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chin-shou Wang

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Judicial independence reform in Taiwan was pioneered by a group of reform-spirited judges from Room 303 of the Taichung (台中, Taizhong District Court, in 1993. Rather than joining the mass movement that was unfolding on the streets, the reformers formed a coalition with other judges to trigger reform from within the judiciary. The reformers appealed to the rule of law and democracy as a movement strategy for mobilization. As a result, the movement strategy turned out to be a great success, and Room 303 became the chief engine for further judicial reforms in subsequent years. However, the movement strategy in itself also presents some limitations. This paper examines why the movement strategy was successful and how its limitations eventually created problems that hinder further judicial reforms in Taiwan.

  20. The judicial domain in view Figures, trends and perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Loth

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper sets out to describe the most relevant social tendencies that can influence the Dutch judicial system’s domain in the medium term and to evaluate the possible effects of these tendencies on the composition of legal fields. American legal theory concerning the role of the courts’ functions is a frame of reference for the analysis. In the light of a quantitative paradigm, first, the judicial domain is represented in figures and demarcated with respect to the domains of other relevant activities and participants. The social role of courts in the Dutch legal system is then considered in the light of a qualitative paradigm, focusing on the influence of the judge and the impact of his judgments. These lines of thought are brought together in the description of a few possible scenarios for the development of the judicial domain in the Netherlands in the years to come. A few conclusions round off this investigation.

  1. Organic Law Of Judicial Guarantees And Constitutional Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto López Freire

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper demonstrates the various unconstitutional and fallacies of the Organic Law of Judicial guarantees and Constitutional Control. For that, there will be a comprehensive collation between the mentioned law and the Constitution of the Republic of Ecuador and force. Through this analysis shows a lack of knowledge of Ecuadorian law or legal science by their authors. This study elucidated, inter alia, the inconsistencies in matters relating to the interpretation of constitutional provisions, full compensation, material and integral; challenge administrative acts, judicial unit.

  2. Explaining the judicial independence of international courts: a comparative analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beach, Derek

    What factors allow some international courts (ICs) to rule against the express preferences of powerful member states, whereas others routinely defer to governments? While judicial independence is not the only factor explaining the strength of a given international institution, it is a necessary......, ECtHR and IACHR. It is found that the threat of governmental noncompliance and the strength of the constituency possessed by an IC have the most explanatory power, although there is still a significant residual that can only be explained by looking at factors relating to judicial choices and agency....

  3. Cooperación judicial penal en Europa

    OpenAIRE

    Carmona Ruano, Miguel; González Vega, Ignacio U.; Moreno Catena, Víctor; Arnáiz Serrano, Amaya

    2013-01-01

    Directores: Miguel Carmona Ruano, Ignacio U. González Vega, Víctor Moreno Catena. Coordinadora: Amaya Arnáiz Serrano Unión Europea Evolución de la Cooperación Judicial Penal Internacional: en especial, la Cooperación Judicial Penal en Europa / Amaya Arnáiz Serrano. -- El cambio de paradigma y el principio de reconocimiento mutuo y sus implicaciones. Perspectivas del Tratado de Lisboa / Víctor Moreno Catena. -- El fortalecimiento de la confianza mutua: garantías procesales del imputad...

  4. Consideraciones sobre el concepto de Arma de Fuego en la Balística Judicial

    OpenAIRE

    Amaury Suárez González

    2010-01-01

    El empleo de armas de fuego como uno de los medios en la comisión de hechos delictivos no ha dejado de ser una constante dentro de la ocurrencia del delito y de hecho su uso se ha venido incrementando si no significativamente sí de forma sostenida, lo cual repercute en la necesidad de una mayor atención a este tema. En el caso específico de la Criminalística nos ha tocado muy a menudo dilucidar si determinado ingenio constituye o no un arma de fuego y de ser...

  5. El control judicial del contencioso administrativo en servicios públicos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Vargas Ayala

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available No hay dudas de la importancia constitucional que supone el control judicial de la jurisdicción de lo contencioso en materia de servicios públicos. Aprovechando la conmemoración de los 20 años de la Ley de los Servicios Públicos Domiciliarios –Ley 142 de 1994–, este artículo invita a la reflexión sobre la realidad del derecho de los servicios públicos. Luego de una detallada exposición de algunos antecedentes de la jurisdicción de lo contencioso, se expone lo que aquí se denomina zonas de certeza y zonas de incertidumbre competencial del contencioso administrativo en materia de servicios públicos. Al realizar un análisis detallado de la jurisprudencia del Consejo de Estado, se llega a la inevitable conclusión de que la extensión del control contencioso sobre los actos de las autoridades y de los operadores del sector es mucho más amplio de lo que inicialmente se pensó. El administrativo se resiste a dejar de ser el derecho de los servicios públicos y el contencioso persiste en ser el juez del interés general y de las prerrogativas públicas.

  6. Judicious Discipline: Citizenship Values as a Framework for Moral Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McEwan, Barbara

    When teaching moral education, the ethical dilemma often faced by educators revolves around the question of whose morals should be taught. Judicious Discipline, a constitutional model for classroom management, proposes to answer this question by offering educators the opportunity to teach the moral standards of the U.S. democratic system of…

  7. Building Coalitions for Change : Venezuela Judicial Infrastructure Development Project

    OpenAIRE

    Kuehnast, Kathleen

    2001-01-01

    In the early 1990s, the Government of Venezuela urgently requested assistance from the World Bank to combat corruption, improve the business climate, and create a sense of transparency and involvement of civil society in state matters. The country's judicial system was identified as the institution in which to begin such reforms, because it was widely perceived as lacking credibility and e...

  8. Judicial Decisions in the Field of Labour Law.

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Labour Review, 1982

    1982-01-01

    Presents a selection of summaries of recent judicial decisions in a number of countries concerninq the application of general legal principles to contracts of employment, acquired rights, liability of employers and workers, access to employment, nature of the employment relationship, and more. (Editor/CT)

  9. Legal and Judicial Problems in Mandating Equal Time for Creationism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skoog, Gerald

    This paper, presented at the annual meeting of the National Association of Biology Teachers, is focused on legal and judicial problems in mandating equal time for creationism. Past events provide evidence that legislation, policies, and local resolutions that require science textbooks and curricula to include the Genesis account of creation are…

  10. Judicial Decisions in the Field of Labour Law.

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Labour Review, 1982

    1982-01-01

    Presents a selection of summaries of recent judicial decisions in a number of countries concerninq the application of general legal principles to contracts of employment, acquired rights, liability of employers and workers, access to employment, nature of the employment relationship, and more. (Editor/CT)

  11. 26 CFR 301.6363-4 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 18 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Judicial review. 301.6363-4 Section 301.6363-4... review. (a) General rule. If the Secretary or his delegate determines pursuant to paragraph (c) of § 301... a petition for the review of such determination with either the United States Court of Appeals...

  12. Structuring Judicial Discretion in China: Exploring the 2014 Sentencing Guidelines

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J.V. Roberts (Julian V.); W. Pei (Wei)

    2016-01-01

    textabstractIn recent years, a range of western jurisdictions has introduced reforms designed to restrict and guide judicial discretion at sentencing. The reforms enacted include mandatory sentencing laws and guiding statutes prescribing sentencing purposes and principles as well as important aggrav

  13. Judicial review of Shaik's medical parole a viable option

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr. Loammi Wolf

    2005-06-02

    Jun 2, 2005 ... are part of the judicial branch to the other extreme of their being part of the executive, ... prosecutors in Bad Kreuznach, who refused to drop charges against ..... administrative action to the exercise of a public power, Wiechers ...

  14. Judicial judgement-making and legal criteria of testimonial credibility

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dolores Seijo

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Judicial judgement-making in legal and forensic settings is characterised by the information loss model. In comparison to formal reasoning styles, in which information is processed in detail, judicial reasoning styles are mainly informal. Moreover, the experimental literature regarding judges and juries has revealed that reliability is the corner stone of legal judgement-making in legal contexts. This study aims to assess the underlying legal criteria assigned to the credibility of testimonies by judges by evaluating the court archives of judicial judgements in which the verdict rested entirely on the credibility of testimonies. Moreover, given the prevalence of informal reasoning in this context, an analysis was undertaken to determine the use of heuristics which are indicative of informal reasoning. In addition, an analysis of the interaction of both variables and their effect on joint decision-making by legal experts and lay people was assessed. Finally, bearing in mind the limitations of this study, the results are discussed in terms of their implications in the evaluation of testimonial credibility in judicial proceedings.

  15. 41 CFR 105-70.042 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 105-70.042 Section 105-70.042 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) GENERAL SERVICES ADMINISTRATION Regional Offices-General...

  16. The Legitimizing Function of Judicial Rhetoric in the Eugenics Controversy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasian, Marouf, Jr.; Croasmun, Earl

    1992-01-01

    Investigates the possibility that judicial policymaking is responsive to the situational exigencies created in part through public discourse. Investigates the elite and public perspectives regarding the eugenics controversy in the 1920s to explore the emergent relationship between the public and technical spheres of argument. (SR)

  17. Matching Judicial Supervision to Clients' Risk Status in Drug Court

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marlowe, Douglas B.; Festinger, David S.; Lee, Patricia A.; Dugosh, Karen L.; Benasutti, Kathleen M.

    2006-01-01

    This article reports outcomes from a program of experimental research evaluating the risk principle in drug courts. Prior studies revealed that participants who were high risk and had (a) antisocial personality disorder or (b) a prior history of drug abuse treatment performed better in drug court when scheduled to attend biweekly judicial status…

  18. Methodologies for Measuring Judicial Performance: The Problem of Bias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jennifer Elek

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Concerns about gender and racial bias in the survey-based evaluations of judicial performance common in the United States have persisted for decades. Consistent with a large body of basic research in the psychological sciences, recent studies confirm that the results from these JPE surveys are systematically biased against women and minority judges. In this paper, we explain the insidious manner in which performance evaluations may be biased, describe some techniques that may help to reduce expressions of bias in judicial performance evaluation surveys, and discuss the potential problem such biases may pose in other common methods of performance evaluation used in the United States and elsewhere. We conclude by highlighting the potential adverse consequences of judicial performance evaluation programs that rely on biased measurements. Durante décadas ha habido una preocupación por la discriminación por género y racial en las evaluaciones del rendimiento judicial basadas en encuestas, comunes en Estados Unidos. De acuerdo con un gran corpus de investigación básica en las ciencias psicológicas, estudios recientes confirman que los resultados de estas encuestas de evaluación del rendimiento judicial están sistemáticamente sesgados contra las mujeres y los jueces de minorías. En este artículo se explica la manera insidiosa en que las evaluaciones de rendimiento pueden estar sesgadas, se describen algunas técnicas que pueden ayudar a reducir las expresiones de sesgo en los estudios de evaluación del rendimiento judicial, y se debate el problema potencial que estos sesgos pueden plantear en otros métodos comunes de evaluación del rendimiento utilizados en Estados Unidos y otros países. Se concluye destacando las posibles consecuencias adversas de los programas de evaluación del rendimiento judicial que se basan en mediciones sesgadas. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2533937

  19. Judicial Cooperation Based On a European Evidence Warrant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela Laura Pamfil

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The assurance of a better judicial cooperation between European Union Member States is aconstant preoccupation of the Council of Europe, taking into consideration that the European Union has setitself the objective of maintaining and developing an area of freedom, security and justice. The achievementof this objective is only possible if among EU Member States there is a high level of confidence and a mutualrecognition of the decisions issued by the competent judicial authorities. The European arrest warrant was thefirst concrete measure in the field of criminal law implementing the principle of mutual recognition which theEuropean Council referred to as cornerstone of judicial cooperation. It was followed by other measuresdesigned to create the legal framework of the judicial cooperation; some of these measures concerns the fightagainst corruption, terrorism, cross-border criminality, racism and xenophobia while others are applicable inany case, such as the order of freezing the property and the evidence. On 18 December 2008, a newinstrument was created in order to improve the judicial cooperation between the Member States: the Europeanevidence warrant. Its purpose is to assure the obtaining of the objects, documents and data which may be usedas evidence in proceedings in criminal matters in issuing State, from another Member State. So, the aim ofthis Framework Decision is to complete the provision of the Decision on the execution of orders freezingproperty and evidence which is not talking about the transfer of the evidence after the freezing.Romania, like the other European Union Member States must transpose the provision of this Decision in thenational law by 19 January 2011. That is why we would like to analyse the procedures and the safeguardsprovided by this Decision and to show the way we see the European evidence warrant settled in ourlegislation.

  20. The World Bank Inspection Panel and Quasi-Judicial Oversight: In Search of the 'Judicial Spirit' in Public International Law

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Naudé Fourie (Andria)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractThis PhD dissertation conceptualizes the World Bank Inspection Panel as a mechanism of quasi-judicial review or oversight, aimed at enhancing the accountability and legitimacy of the World Bank – which is conceived as an international institution exercising public power. The author engag

  1. Judicial Performance and Experiences of Judicial Work: Findings from socio-legal research by Sharyn Roach Anleu & Kathy Mack: Commentary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gar Yein Ng

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This commentary examines the contribution in this edition by Roach Anleu & Mack, based on arguments that reducing judicial performance evaluation (ergo any professional performance to that which is easily measurable removes the human aspect of that performance, and is therefore less accurate. Here, “measurable” is meant as focusing only on the “outward performance”, “interaction with stakeholders” and how judges perform in relation to numbers of cases. Compared to such organisational standards, judicial codes of ethics or other written codes reflect the more traditional values of the judiciary, such as independence and impartiality. This can be seen e.g. in the experiences of the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe in supporting the use of judicial performance standards. The argument in the paper, supported by this commentator, is that such exercises are superficial and more depth is needed to capture the entirety of the judicial experience using the model presented. Este comentario analiza el artículo de Roach Anleu y Mack en este número, en base a los argumentos de que limitar la evaluación del rendimiento judicial (ergo cualquier rendimiento profesional a lo que es fácilmente medible elimina el aspecto humano de ese rendimiento, y es por lo tanto menos preciso. Aquí, por “medible” se entiende lo que está centrado únicamente en el “rendimiento exterior”, la “interacción con los interesados” y el rendimiento de los jueces en relación con el número de casos. En comparación con estas normas de organización, los códigos judiciales de ética u otros códigos escritos reflejan los valores más tradicionales de la judicatura, como la independencia o imparcialidad. Esto puede verse, por ejemplo, en las experiencias de la Organización para la Seguridad y la Cooperación en Europa en apoyar el uso de las normas de rendimiento judicial. El argumento del artículo, apoyado por esta autora, es que estos

  2. Criterios de cuantificación indemnizatoria en accidentalidad vial: una ítica judicial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcela Pantoja Echeverri

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available La accidentalidad vial, es la segunda causa de muerte violenta en Colombia, fuente de daños materiales y morales en las personas. Las normas de responsabilidad civil obligan al propietario o conductor a responder civil y penalmente por sus consecuencias. El problema de accidentalidad y de la cuantificación de indemnizaciones, reviste gran interés por el alto número de procesos que por homicidios en accidentes de tránsito cursan en el Distrito Judicial de Cali. En la investigación realizada en la Escuela de Ingeniería Estadística de la Universidad del Valle, se efectuó recolección de expedientes y se aplicó una encuesta de tipo cuestionario para indagar sobre la política judicial que se usó en el cálculo de indemnizaciones en Juzgados Penales del Circuito de Cali, donde se observa gran disparidad en los criterios de reparación. Tampoco se contempla un modelo estándar para cuantificar los perjuicios tanto materiales como morales y no hay evidencia de una política baremada; por tanto, el estudio intenta brindar un marco de referencia para proponer a Jueces y Fiscales, un modelo de regresión múltiple en el cual se consideran características socioeconómicas de víctimas, perjudicados y procesados, con el fin de unificar criterios de cuantificación que fijen el monto de la reparación económica a los perjudicados, sus herederos. El modelo resultante propone criterios utilizados por las compañías de seguros para fijar las primas de seguro de vida, tales como: el tiempo de vida y el nivel de ingresos del occiso, y responsabilidades con su grupo familiar.

  3. El género judicial. Materiales para su uso lingüístico / The judicial genre. Materials for its Linguistic study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana Ridao Rodrigo

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: El objetivo de este libro es contribuir al estudio del género judicial mediante la utilización de corpus orales. En el ámbito anglosajón, la lingüística forense ha sido una línea de trabajo muy cultivada por diversos investigadores, como lingüistas, sociólogos, psicólogos o traductores; pues nos encontramos ante un campo de análisis interdisciplinar. Estamos convencidos de que en español se han realizado pocos estudios sobre juicios orales debido a las dificultades que conlleva conseguir el corpus. Por ello, en este volumen nos hemos propuesto presentar las transcripciones de doce juicios. Igualmente, en la introducción facilitamos algunos datos relevantes relacionados con el devenir histórico de este género discursivo. A su vez, hacemos una breve presentación del estado de la cuestión. Dentro de la explicación de las variables sociosemióticas que configuran los juicios, destacamos los participantes y las relaciones de poder, así como la distribución del espacio y del tiempo.Abstract: The aim of the following book is to contribute to the study of the judicial genre by using oral corpus of speech. With respect to Anglo-Saxon context, forensic linguistics has been a line of work cultivated by many different researchers, including linguists, sociologists, psychologists, and translators; therefore, we find ourselves among a vast field of interdisciplinary analyses. We are convinced that there have been very few studies conducted regarding trials in Spanish due to the difficulties of obtaining the oral corpus. For that reason, in this volume we have proposed to present the transcriptions of twelve trials. Likewise, in the introduction we provide research relevant to the historic evolution of this field. Shortly after, we make a brief background. Within the explanation of the socio-semiotic variables that shape each trial, we point out the participants and the relevance of power, such as the distribution of space and time.

  4. Estado de derecho y democracia. Acerca de la justificación del control judicial de constitucionalidad en la teoría del discurso de Habermas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santiago Prono

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Una de las restricciones que ejerce el derecho sobre los otros poderes del Estado (legislativo y ejecutivo es el control judicial de constitucionalidad de normas democráticamente sancionadas. Esto genera cuestionamientos porque se objeta que los jueces carecen de legitimidad democrática para este tipo de decisiones. Este artículo analiza el posicionamiento teórico de Habermas respecto de la articulación entre el punto de vista del derecho y la democracia que presupone el control judicial teniendo en cuenta su teoría del discurso. La idea es que esto permite otorgar un mayor respaldo teórico del que usualmente se propone para la justificación de tal clase de control normativo.

  5. Responsible Communication between the Judicial and Deontological Norm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Aurelia Popa

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Confronting with numerous problems related to moral judgment, the responsibility and irresponsibility in what concerns the vast domain of communication, we are interested in forming a correct and complete vision that crosses the judicial and deontological domain of the profession. The deontological norms are meant to guarantee, by their freely consented acceptance, the good fulfillment of the mission of the journalists, recognized as being indispensable for the god functioning of any human society. The laws do not expressly refer to the deontological norms, but these norms exist according to the law order and are necessary for its guarantee in this social context, which is chaotic from the point of view of the legislation in communication. The aspects analyzed here aremeant to indicate the manner in which passing from deontological norm to the judicial norm creates an external constraint for the communicator which brings more responsibility in view of avoiding the journalistic conflicts.

  6. Judicial astrology in theory and practice in later medieval Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carey, Hilary M

    2010-06-01

    Interrogations and elections were two branches of Arabic judicial astrology made available in Latin translation to readers in western Europe from the twelfth century. Through an analysis of the theory and practice of interrogations and elections, including the writing of the Jewish astrologer Sahl b. Bishr, this essay considers the extent to which judicial astrology was practiced in the medieval west. Consideration is given to historical examples of interrogations and elections mostly from late medieval English manuscripts. These include the work of John Dunstaple (ca. 1390-1453), the musician and astrologer who is known have served at the court of John, duke of Bedford. On the basis of the relatively small number of surviving historical horoscopes, it is argued that the practice of interrogations and elections lagged behind the theory.

  7. Minimalismo judicial ¿Cass Sunstein en la Corte Constitucional?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mario Cajas Sarria

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Cass Sustein Unstein es hoy en día uno de los principales expositores de la tesis del minimalismo judicial, metodología de adjudicación que puede ser utilizada por el máximo órgano de control constitucional cuando interpreta la Constitución. En este artículo se exponen las principales características y ventajas de esta metodología, así como una comparación con las otras formas de adjudicación presentes actualmente en el derecho estadounidense. Posteriormente, se analiza el uso dado al minimalismo judicial por la Corte Constitucional de Colombia en el control que ésta realiza a la legislación, prestando especial atención a los argumentos presentados por la Corte para declarar inconstitucional el estatuto antiterrorista del año 2003.

  8. A súmula vinculante e o precedente judicial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel Roberto Oliveira de Souza

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available No presente artigo pretende-se fazer análise da Súmula Vinculante introduzida na Constituição Federal pela Emenda Constitucional nº 45 de 2004, fazendo-se uma perquirição acerca da relação deste instituto com o precedente judicial. Faz-se, assim, uma abordagem de acordo com o marco teórico proposto por Michele Taruffo acerca da classificação possível dos precedentes, colocando-se, então, a Súmula Vinculante como um precedente judicial sui generis devido às suas características que não são encontradas em outros ordenamentos jurídicos.

  9. Judicial Impartiality, subjectivity and conviction: the Logical Judgement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clementina Pintos Bentancur

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available There are several studies on the procedural aspects of the judicial decision. However, only few of them have examined a key aspect of such decision: the psychological conviction of the judge. We focus, firstly, on the procedure aspects which compose the judgment, such as its elements, its nature, evidence and its evaluation principles; arriving, finally, to the logic judgment itself. From a substantial view, we pass through different elements which are closely related with the conviction of the judge and its limits; such as neutrality, discretionality and assessment when delivering the decision. Throughout different reflections and case law analysis, including a brief study on common law, we conclude that judicial subjectivity is much appreciated in our system. As well, we consider through this paper, possible mechanisms that assure control on such an abstract element, always taking into consideration its main purpose: bring justice.

  10. Entre práticas judiciárias brasileiras e porteñas: percepções acerca da oralidade processual argentina Between brazilian and argentine judicial practices: perceptions of oral proceedings in Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bárbara Gomes Lupetti Baptista

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho procura entender, a partir da descrição de práticas judiciárias observadas nos Tribunais das Justiças Penal e Civil da Capital Argentina, o significado e a percepção jurídica acerca da oralidade processual. O objetivo da pesquisa empírica realizada foi lançar um olhar jurídico e brasileiro sobre as manifestações orais do processo argentino. Na Capital Argentina, o discurso jurídico produzido sobre a oralidade está atrelado, exclusivamente, à Justiça Penal. Todavia, o trabalho de campo permitiu perceber que existem manifestações orais também na Justiça Civil da Capital Federal de Buenos Aires. Os dados empíricos sugerem que a restrição do estudo da oralidade ao âmbito penal se vincula, especialmente, ao critério presencial e obrigatório da figura do Juiz na audiência, que não ocorre no processo civil, onde a sua presidência é, normalmente, delegada a funcionários. Este paper pretende apresentar, além de descrições, algumas perguntas sobre a administração judicial de conflitos em Buenos Aires.Este trabajo busca entender, desde la descripción de prácticas judiciales observadas en los Tribunales Civiles y Penales de la Capital Argentina, el significado jurídico y la percepción sobre el tema de la oralidad procesal. El objetivo de la investigación empírica fue lanzar una mirada jurídica y brasileña sobre las manifestaciones orales del proceso argentino. En la Capital Argentina, el discurso jurídico que se produce sobre el tema de la oralidad sólo focaliza la atención en la Justicia Penal. Sin embargo, el trabajo de campo permitió perceber que hay manifestaciones orales también en la Justicia Civil de la Capital Federal de Buenos Aires. Los datos empíricos sugieren que la restricción del estudio de la oralidad en lo ámbito penal tiene vinculación, sobre todo, con la obligación de la presencia fisica del juez en el juicio, distinto de lo que ocurre en el proceso civil, donde, por lo

  11. Judicial Enforcement of Economic, Social and Cultural Right

    OpenAIRE

    Aulona Haxhiraj

    2013-01-01

    Economic, social and cultural right (“social right”) have historically been viewed as distinct in natyre and scope from civil and political right. Rather than being viewed as judicially enforceable rights of immeadiate application, such rights have widely been considered non-justiciable programmatic goals to be archieved progressively within available resources, through political processes. The purpose of this paper is to provide the legal and analytical tools to understand why this dichotomy...

  12. Research on the Judicial Relief System of Villagers’ Autonomy Rights

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Starting from the division of the functions of the village committee,the use of self-government rights of the villagers was examined in view of the different functions.Judicial remedies should be screened whether or not the exercise of autonomy,as well as the main disputes in order to determine the specific litigation.The responsibility determination of the villagers’ autonomy rights prosecution in different circumstances is put forward.

  13. Judicial lobbying: The politics of labor law constitutional interpretation

    OpenAIRE

    Matias Iaryczower; Pablo Spiller; Mariano Tommasi

    2006-01-01

    This paper links the theory of interest groups influence over the legislature with that of congressional control over the judiciary. The resulting framework reconciles the theoretical literature of lobbying with the negative available evidence on the impact of lobbying over legislative outcomes, and sheds light to the determinants of lobbying in separation-of-powers systems. We provide conditions for judicial decisions to be sensitive to legislative lobbying, and find that lobbying falls the ...

  14. La posición constitucional del poder judicial

    OpenAIRE

    Andaluz Vegacenteno,Horacio

    2010-01-01

    En el Estado de Derecho, el poder judicial se posiciona a la par de los poderes legislativo y ejecutivo. Esto lo consigue a través de su independencia. El artículo explica eso desde el punto de vista doctrinal y lo aplica al análisis de la regulación en la materia en la Constitución de Bolivia de 2009.

  15. Corrupção e judiciário: a (ineficácia do sistema judicial no combate à corrupção Corruption and judicial system: the (ineffectiveness of the judicial system against corruption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Higino Ribeiro de Alencar

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Há uma percepção generalizada no brasil de que funcionários públicos corruptos não são punidos. Não obstante, até o momento, não há evidências empíricas que apóiem essa afirmação e muitos argumentam que se trata de uma percepção equivocada decorrente do aumento de medidas anticorrupção. Uma das principais razões para essa notável ausência é a grande dificuldade de se identificar casos comprovados de corrupção para, então, se averiguar se eles foram ou não punidos pelo sistema judicial. Este artigo usa o sistema brasileiro de responsabilidade tríplice como um experimento natural para medir o desempenho do sistema judicial contra corrupção. Nossos resultados mostram que o sistema judicial brasileiro é altamente ineficaz no combate à corrupção, sendo a probabilidade de ser punido menor do que 5%.There is a widespread perception in Brazil that civil servants caught in corrupt practices are not punished. Yet, until now, there was no hard evidence that would support such claim and some argued that this was just a misleading perception due to the recent increase in anti-corruption measures. One of the main reasons for this notable absence is the difficulty of identifying atual cases of corruption to evalute whether the agents are actully being punished by the judicial system or not. This article uses the brazilian triple responsibility system as a natural experiment to assess juducial system is highly ineffective agaist corruption with a lower than 5% probability of conviction.

  16. Otitis media: diagnosis, management, and judicious use of antibiotics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stool, Sylvan; Carlson, Linda H; Johnson, Candice E

    2002-07-01

    Otitis media continues to present a major challenge to practitioners in the clinical setting. With the ever-increasing trend toward the use of a sound research-structured approach to health care and the use of evidence-based guidelines, it is important to have an understanding of these findings related to otitis media. A review of research-supported literature regarding the diagnosis and management of this disease, and suggestions for the judicious use of antibiotics, are presented in this paper.

  17. Explaining judicial corruption in the courts of Chile, Peru and Ecuador

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    Santiago Basabe-Serrano

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This article identifies the main variables that explain judicial corruption in Chile, Peru, and Ecuador. Improving the current methodological strategies used to measure judicial corruption and incorporating endogenous and exogenous variables in the model, this article argues that legal training of the judges, respect for the judicial career, and the fragmentation of political power explain different degrees of judicial corruption. Through a comparative diachronic and synchronic research design of Chile, Peru and Ecuador, the article shows institutional designs with more legal steps will be more inclined to illegal payments or other types of judicial corruption.

  18. Judicial Enforcement of Economic, Social and Cultural Right

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    Aulona Haxhiraj

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Economic, social and cultural right (“social right” have historically been viewed as distinct in natyre and scope from civil and political right. Rather than being viewed as judicially enforceable rights of immeadiate application, such rights have widely been considered non-justiciable programmatic goals to be archieved progressively within available resources, through political processes. The purpose of this paper is to provide the legal and analytical tools to understand why this dichotomy is false. The paper will consider the international normative framework for the legal protection of social rights, the specific content of state obligations under treaties dealing with such rights, how the international social rights monitoring system functions, and the various obstacles and opportunities currently facing the judicial enforceability of social rights. In every society there is violation which implies its citizen not get proper social right, economical right and cultural right. Proper implementation and adoption of judicial enforcement can reduce this violation rate and established social peace. Step mentioned in the above might not perfect but it might be small starting and ensure social, culture & economical right for the people living in the society.

  19. Confrontation Between Judicial Activism and State of Exception

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    Alexandre Pedro Moura D’Almeida

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The judiciary has excelled in the international and national scene, reaching role of great importance, thus creating opposition to the legislative and executive powers. The center of gravity of the sovereign power of the state moves toward the judiciary, that happens to have a more active role and controlling of the others powers, but also appears as a great defender of social and fundamental rights causes, seeking to make an effective constitution. Its great public notoriety has attracted great distrust of various sectors of society, especially by the two powers that have an increasing interference. Arises, therefore, a speech that the judiciary would be reversing into a big and uncontrollable power, increasing the suspicion that now it would be living in a real dictatorship of the judiciary through judicial activism. There is a growing concern with the expansion of activism and the role of the judiciary. The purpose of this work is to conceptualize and approach the judicial activism and the state of exception to search and reveal if there is any similarity, to then draw up a possible answer to the concern of forming a dictatorship of the judiciary. The state of exception is one of the rule of law paradoxes, while activism is a political manifestation of the judiciary. The similarity between the institutes appears as appalling in a dynamic expansion of political power of a state institution exercising judicial function, putting in check who would be the sovereign in a rule of law and democratic state.

  20. Literatura y activismo intelectual en la Argentina de los 80. Notas a partir de Lecturas críticas. Revista de Investigación y Teorías Literarias

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    Analía Isabel Gerbaudo

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available A partir de Lecturas críticas. Revista de Investigación y Teorías Literarias, este trabajo describe diferentes formas del activismo intelectual desarrollado en Argentina en torno a la literatura, la teoría y la crítica literarias durante la última dictadura militar. Los “grupos de estudio” (o la llamada “universidad de las catacumbas”, además de hacer circular y discutir literatura y teorías prohibidas, producen conferencias, revistas así como un colectivo crítico que, con el retorno democrático, renovará la enseñanza y la investigación universitarias en una zona importante del país. Pero por otro lado, durante la dictadura, estas formaciones y las derivas que generan en el campo actúan como núcleos de resistencia desajustados de la moral y de la ideología oficiales. Palabras claveliteratura * universidad de las catacumbas  *  Argentina  *  dictadura  * teoría y crítica literarias 

  1. Poesía, Pasión y ProPaganda. el activismo Político de los intelectuales ecuatorianos durante la guerra civil española

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    Niall Binns

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Durante la turbulenta década de 1930, los intelectuales de Ecuador encontraron en la Guerra Civil española un conflicto que se presentaba como un espejo para las inquietudes y las esperanzas de su propio país. Este artículo esboza una breve contextualización de la situación política bajo los gobiernos de Federico Páez y Alberto Enríquez Gallo y señala las diferentes actitudes de los dos presidentes ante la guerra española. Estudia el impacto que tuvo la guerra en intelectuales de izquierda y derecha. También examina la manera en que poetas, narradores, ensayistas y periodistas emprendieron un activismo apasionado a favor de los dos bandos (la España “leal” y la España “nacionalista”, en poemas y artículos notables por su emoción y su maniqueísmo y en la organización colectiva de manifestaciones, asambleas, revistas, manifiestos y colectas.

  2. Dimensiones del activismo policial. Un análisis de prácticas sostenidas ante la masacre policial ocurrida en La Plata en 2007

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    Santiago Galar

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo analizamos prácticas sostenidas en el espacio público por activistas vinculados a la Policía de la provincia de Buenos Aires (PPBA particularmente en instancias asociadas a la masacre policial, como se conoce al caso en el cual tres agentes fueron asesinados en instalaciones de la Fuerza en 2007. Abordamos la emergencia de públicos en relación con estas demandas colectivas, así como las formas de intervención de los actores con miras a dotarse de la legitimidad que les permita influir sobre las situaciones problemáticas que definen. Como fuentes utilizaremos un nutrido corpus de prensa local, entrevistas con activistas y contenidos de redes sociales. Como punto de llegada planteamos ciertas apropiaciones, usos sociales y disputas simbólicas vinculadas a la demanda generada alrededor de la masacre. Damos cuenta de una apropiación de las definiciones usualmente asociadas a la inseguridad, de la centralidad otorgada a la figura del policía “caído” y de la búsqueda por reinscribir humanidad en los seres fallecidos. Estas dimensiones aparecen conjugadas en definiciones sobre las condiciones laborales de los agentes, sobre el carácter sacrificial de la profesión y su destacado (y ocultado rol social.

  3. Uso judicioso de medicamentos em crianças Judicious use of medication in children

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    Lucia Ferro Bricks

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: realizar a revisão bibliográfica sobre o tema uso criterioso de medicamentos em crianças. FONTES DE DADOS: os artigos foram pesquisados através dos dados do Medline, no período de 1992 a 2002. Foram selecionados artigos que abordavam a eficácia e a toxicidade dos diversos fármacos utilizados na terapêutica das principais infecções respiratórias agudas. SÍNTESE DOS DADOS: o uso abusivo de medicamentos para tratar as infecções respiratórias agudas e doenças atópicas é generalizado e, freqüentemente, são utilizados medicamentos com ação não comprovada. CONCLUSÕES: frente à toxicidade de muitos medicamentos e à emergência de cepas bacterianas resistentes aos antibióticos, é essencial desenvolver novos métodos para o diagnóstico das doenças de etiologia bacteriana, bem como educar médicos e leigos sobre o uso criterioso de medicamentos.OBJECTIVE: to perform a bibliographic review on criterion-based use of drugs by children. SOURCES OF DATA: articles were searched through Medline database using the terms: acute respiratory diseases, asthma, antibiotics, treatment and children. SUMMARY OF THE FINDINGS: there is an excessive use of drugs to treat acute respiratory diseases and asthma. Drugs with unproved action are frequently prescribed. CONCLUSIONS: considering the toxicity of many drugs used in children and the emergency of bacterial strains resistant to antibiotics, it is essential to develop new methods of diagnosing bacterial infections, as well as to educate both physicians and the general public on the judicious use of drugs.

  4. Activismo mediático y criminalización de la protesta: medios y movimientos sociales en México

    OpenAIRE

    Guiomar Rovira-Sancho

    2013-01-01

    La cualidad escénica de la protesta social la hace vulnerable a la omisión o a la tergiversación mediática. El recurso a la violencia que siempre seduce a las pantallas lleva a la criminalización y a la represión. En este artículo se reflexiona sobre las diversas reacciones de los movimientos sociales mexicanos recientes frente a la omisión mediática; se revisan algunos ejemplos de cómo los grandes medios criminalizan o tergiversan las protestas; y se analizan algunas experiencias de comunica...

  5. Migrantes y poder judicial. Crónica de una investigación basada en datos secundarios

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    Carolina Montera

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available La presente nota reflexiona sobre la utilización de datos secundarios en la investigación sociológica, una estrategia que no recibió suficiente atención en la enseñanza universitaria y los debates académicos. Las ideas presentadas surgen de la experiencia de las autoras en la búsqueda y evaluación de fuentes secundarias para identificar posibles asimetrías en el accionar del sistema judicial de acuerdo con la nacionalidad de los sujetos. Las dificultades surgidas durante este trabajo llevaron a la reformulación de los objetivos y alcances iniciales de la propuesta. Pese a ello, se muestra la importancia de recurrir a esta estrategia para conocer y comprender ciertos fenómenos sociales.

  6. Trajetória da revisão judicial no desenho constitucional brasileiro: tutela, autonomia e judicialização The trajectory of judicial review in the brazilian constitutional design: tutelage, autonomy and judicialization

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    Ernani Carvalho

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available As instituições judiciárias ficaram por muito tempo na sombra dos fenômenos e da teoria política estudadas na América Latina. Neste texto trago algumas reflexões em torno de uma dessas instituições, a revisão judicial. A ideia central é demonstrar a trajetória deste instrumento jurídico que se tornou uma peça chave no entendimento da judicialização da política no Brasil. Neste sentido, tentaremos mapear os fatores que potencializam a judicialização da política tomando como pano de fundo a evolução das instituições judiciais brasileiras no período republicano, especificamente as instituições responsáveis pela revisão judicial.The judicial institutions remained for a long time in the shadow of the political phenomena and theory in Latin America. This article presents some thoughts on one of these institutions, the judicial review. The main idea is to demonstrate the trajectory of this legal instrument that has become a key piece to understand the judicialization of politics in Brazil. In this sense, the paper tries to identify the factors that lead to the judicialization of politics, considering as background the evolution of the judicial institutions in Brazil during the republican period, and in particular the institutions responsible for the judicial review.

  7. Formula over Function? From Algorithms to Values in Judicial Evaluation

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    Francesco Contini

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the forms and effects of the ‘invasion’ of the ‘temples of the law’ by new economic and managerial forms of performance evaluation. While traditional judicial evaluation focused on how to select and promote individual judges and on the legal quality of the single case, new quantitative methods and formulas are being introduced to assess efficiency, productivity and timeliness of judges and courts. Building on two case studies, from Spain and the Netherlands, the paper illustrates two contrasting approaches to judicial performance evaluation. On the one hand individual judges' productivity is evaluated through quantitative data and mathematical algorithms: in the extreme case considered here, judge's remuneration was adjusted accordingly. On the other hand quantitative and qualitative data, collected by a variety of methods and theoretical frameworks, are used as the basis of a multi-layered negotiation process designed to find a synthesis between competing economic, legal and social values aimed at improving overall organizational performance. Considering the flaws of unidimensional measurement and evaluation systems and considering the incommensurability of the results of the multiple evaluative frameworks (economic, legal, sociological required to overcome such flaws, the authors argue there is a need for political dialogue between relevant players in order to allocate the values appropriate to judicial evaluation. Este artículo analiza las formas y efectos de la “invasión” de los “templos de la ley” por nuevas formas económicas y de gestión como la evaluación del rendimiento. Mientras que la evaluación judicial tradicional se ha centrado en la forma de seleccionar y promocionar a jueces individuales, y en la calidad jurídica de un caso individual, hoy en día se están introduciendo nuevos métodos cuantitativos y fórmulas para determinar la eficiencia, productividad y oportunidad de jueces y

  8. The Political Context of Judicial Review in Indonesia

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    Fritz Edward Siregar

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia Constitutional Court will celebrate 12th birthday this August 2015, and it cannot be denied that the Court play significant role in securing democracy in Indonesia. In exercising their authorities, including the election result dispute and judicial review, the Court continue to affirm institutional judicial legitimacy and pursue their role to guard 1945 Constitution and continue to do so. The first Chief Justice Jimly showed how within five years of the Court’s creation, he could strategically maximise its momentum and build up the Court as a respectful institution. The Chief Justice Mahfud MD was then elected to reduce the judicial activism started by Jimly’s bench. However, against promises and expectations, Mahfud MD brought the Court to a level far beyond the imagination of the Constitution drafters. Parliament and President tried to limit Court’s authority, not ones, and the Court able to overcome those constrain. Current various available studies observed only how the Court issued their decision and solely focus to the impact of the decision. Scholars slightly ignore that study about the Court, by reducing other constitutional actor in Indonesia, produce study about the Court itself isn’t complete. In fact, political environment in which the Court operated at that time is one of utmost importance the strengthen of the Court institutional legitimacy. This paper is trying to discover the rise of the Indonesia Constitutional Court, not from what the Court did, but from political environment outside the court. Political parties realize that the Court is the only institution that act as political dispute resolution among them. Political parties maturity and political constraint are the key factor that support the development of the Court’s institutional power.

  9. Science and judicial proceedings--seventy-six years on.

    Science.gov (United States)

    French, Robert

    2009-10-01

    The intersection of law and science, particularly in relation to causality and the legal concept of causation, were of considerable interest to Sir Owen Dixon. In this article, revisiting Dixon's 1933 lecture "Science and Judicial Proceedings", the Chief Justice refers to Dixon's deep interest in science and the issues to which it can give rise in legal proceedings. The 1933 lecture followed shortly after the judgment of the High Court in Australian Knitting Mills Ltd v Grant (1933) 50 CLR 387 which involved consideration of expert testimony and causal connections between product characteristics and personal injury to the consumer.

  10. Procedural Justice Elements of Judicial Legitimacy and their Contemporary Challenges

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    Nina Persak

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Low trust in courts has been recorded in many EU countries. According to the procedural justice paradigm, this phenomenon has negative repercussions for judicial legitimacy, since people who (or when they distrust an authority tend also not to perceive this authority as legitimate (which, in turn, has consequences for their compliance and cooperation with this authority and its decisions. Legitimacy of judiciary, objectively conceived, has several elements, some of which are connected to procedural justice concerns. This article focuses on the latter. In the second part, moreover, the article addresses some of the possible challenges to the judicial procedural justice, drawing on sociological and socio-legal observations regarding legal institutions in the late modern world, where, for example, efficiency-oriented goals mix with justice- and other public good-oriented ones, often creating internal pressures that may impact on the legitimacy of the institution in question. Numerosos países de la UE han registrado una baja confianza en los tribunales. Según el paradigma de la justicia procesal, este fenómeno tiene repercusiones negativas para la legitimidad judicial, ya que las personas que (o cuando desconfían de una autoridad, también tienden a no percibir esta autoridad como legítima (lo que, a su vez, tiene consecuencias para su conformidad y cooperación con esta autoridad y sus decisiones. La legitimidad del poder judicial, concebida de forma objetiva, tiene diversos elementos, algunos de los cuales están relacionados con las preocupaciones de la justicia procesual. Este artículo se centra en estos elementos. En la segunda parte, además, el artículo aborda algunos de los posibles desafíos de la justicia de procesal, basándose en observaciones sociológicas y sociojurídicas relacionadas con las instituciones legales en el mundo moderno reciente, donde, por ejemplo, los objetivos orientados a la eficiencia se mezclan con objetivos

  11. Internacionalização e ativismo judicial: as causas coletivas Internationalization and judicial activism: the collective causes

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    Fabiano Engelmann

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available O artigo pretende fornecer elementos para a análise da relação entre o fenômeno de internacionalização do direito e a emergência de modalidades de advogados engajados na representação judicial de causas coletivas. São analisadas duas dimensões: uma primeira expõe um panorama exploratório das causas coletivas no cenário nacional e internacional, pela catalogação das decisões judiciais na Corte Interamericana de Direitos Humanos e em tribunais brasileiros. Uma segunda dimensão de análise aborda, com base em entrevistas, casos representativos de promoção de causas coletivas nas décadas de 1990 e 2000. Essas duas dimensões permitem avançar a hipótese de que a redemocratização política nacional e a constituição de redes internacionais de circulação de causas políticas e jurídicas contribuem para a definição dos perfis de ativismo judicial legitimados no espaço jurídico em diferentes períodos.The article intends the analysis of the relation between the phenomenon of internationalization of Law and the emergency of modalities of lawyers engaged in the judicial representation of collective causes. Two dimensions are analyzed: the first one displays an exploratory panorama of the collective causes in the national and international scene, out of a survey of the profile of demands of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights and Brazilian courts. The second dimension approaches, from interviews, representative cases of promotion of collective causes in the decades of 1990 and 2000. These two dimensions allow to advance the hypothesis that the national political redemocratization and the constitution of international networks of circulation of political and legal causes contribute for the definition of the profiles of judicial activism legitimated in the legal space in different periods.

  12. O Poder Judicial na Constituição de Angola de 2010

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    Jorge Bacelar Gouveia

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available A nova Constituição da República de Angola, de 2010, reserva um dos seus Títulos ao Poder Judicial, definindo as estruturas do Poder Judicial, bem como os poderes de intervenção dos diferentes atores de natureza judicial, sem esquecer ainda as competências dos advogados e dos defensores públicos, bem como do Ministério Público.

  13. Biomedical engineers and participation in judicial executions: capital punishment as a technical problem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, John

    2007-01-01

    This paper discusses the topic of judicial execution from the perspective of the intersection of the technological issues and the professional ethics issues. Although physicians are generally ethically forbidden from any involvement in the judicial execution process, this does not appear to be the case for engineering professionals. This creates an interesting but controversial opportunity for the engineering community (especially biomedical engineers) to improve the humaneness and reliability of the judicial execution process.

  14. Assessing potential future environmental legislative, regulatory, and judicial events

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tonn, B.; Schweitzer, M.; Godfrey, G. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Wagner, C. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville (United States); MacGregor, D.G. [MacGregor-Bates, Inc. (United States)

    1998-03-01

    This report describes a methodology to proactively and methodically assess future potential environmental legislative, regulatory, and judicial events. This is an important endeavor because new, revised, and reauthorized legislation, proposed and final regulations, and outcomes of judicial proceedings have the potential to impose new actions, directions, and costs of many organizations in the United States (related to capital investments, operating approaches, and research and development) and to affect the quality of life. The electric power industry is particularly impacted by environmental regulatory events (the term `regulatory` is used to cover all the types of legal events listed above), as the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity affects air and water quality, require disposal of solid, hazardous, and radioactive wastes, and at times, impacts wetlands and endangered species. Numerous potential regulatory events, such as the reauthorization of the Clean Water Act and new regulations associated with global climate change, can greatly affect the power industry. Organizations poised to respond proactively to such events will improve their competitive positions, reduce their costs in the long-term, and improve their public images.

  15. [Limits of pain treatment: medical and judicial aspects].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zenz, M; Rissing-van Saan, R

    2011-08-01

    Medical principles of pain treatment are generally in line with the judicial principles. To relieve pain is one of the fundamentals of medicine and this has also been acknowledged by the Federal Court in Germany. It is criminal bodily harm, when a physician denies a possible pain treatment. Whereas courts clearly see an obligation to basic and continuing education in pain diagnosis and therapy, pain is still not represented in the German licensing regulations for physicians. Only palliative medicine has been added to the obligatory curriculum. Very similar pain is not mandatory in many clinical disciplines leaving physicians without the needed knowledge to treat pain. The need for interdisciplinary treatment is not yet acknowledged sufficiently, although meanwhile chronic pain is regarded as a bio-psycho-social illness.Since 2009 the advance directive is regulated by law. However, still many physicians are unaware that not only the position of the patient but also of the relatives have been strengthened. In 2010 the Federal Court has pronounced a judgment allowing "passive euthanasia" in certain conditions but prohibiting any active handling even in line with the patient's will. This is also in line with the European Human Rights Convention. The judicial unpunished assisted suicide has provoked an ethical discussion within the medical profession. However, what is not illegal is not automatically accepted as ethical handling for physicians. Palliative medicine is at least one alternative in this discussion.

  16. LA INVESTIGACIÓN DE POLICÍA JUDICIAL EN COLOMBIA Y LA TÉCNICA DE PERFIL CRIMINAL, PARA EL ESCLARECIMIENTO DEL HOMICIDIO COMETIDO POR SICARIO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mabel Morales López

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo contiene una revisión de la literatura sobre el tema perfil criminal y la investigación de Policía judicial para el esclarecimiento del homicidio cometido por sicarios en Colombia.El propósito es comprobar si cumple con la rigurosidad como técnica y si es efectiva en la identificación y captura del agresor que utiliza un modus operandi propio de la cultura criminal en Colombia. A partir de la investigación forense sobre informes periciales de necropsia y la escena del crimen de éste tipo de homicidio, se pretende proponer mejoras en los procesos investigativos y en el entrenamiento de investigadores.

  17. Hurgando en las bambalinas de “la paz del trigo”: Algunos problemas teórico-metodológicos que plantea la historia judicial

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    Juan Manuel Palacio

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo señala algunos problemas teóricos y metodológicos comunes que enfrenta el campo de la historia judicial. El punto de partida de estas preocupaciones es el trabajo que quedó plasmado en el libro La paz del trigo. Luego de un breve estado de la cuestión sobre las diversas trayectorias de los estudios sobre la justicia en los últimos años, el artículo resume los argumentos principales de aquella investigación, para luego plantear algunos de los problemas teóricos y metodológicos que allí se originaron y terminar sugiriendo algunos caminos para la investigación futura.

  18. Movimientos sociales, activismo constitucional y narrativa democrática en la Argentina contemporánea Social movements, constitutional activism and democratic narrative in contemporary Argentina

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    Gabriela Delamata

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza tres procesos recientes de movilización socio-legal en Argentina y subraya el rol de la Constitución y la comunidad legal garantista en su despliegue. El enfoque utilizado propone entender los procesos bajo la forma de una reactivación del patrón activista gestado en la transición democrática y señala sus efectos actuales sobre los procedimientos democráticos y la gramática de ciudadanía.The article analyzes three contemporary processes of socio-legal mobilization in Argentina and underlines the role of the Constitution and of the legal community in its enforcement. The adopted approach aims at understanding those processes as a sort of reactivation of the activist tradition born during the transition to democracy, and emphasizing the present effects of this constitutional activism on democratic procedures and the citizenship grammar.

  19. Judicialização da política, poder judiciário e comissões parlamentares de inquérito no Brasil

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    Eduardo Meira Zauli

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available A partir da noção de judicialização da política, procura-se discutir alguns aspectos das relações entre os Poderes Judiciário e Legislativo no Brasil no contexto de vigência da Constituição de 1988. Tendo como foco específico a problemática do controle de constitucionalidade e judicialização dos procedimentos adotados no âmbito das comissões parlamentares de inquérito, o artigo fundamenta-se em pesquisa sobre a jurisprudência do Supremo Tribunal Federal (STF acerca do estatuto e das limitações constitucionais do trabalho das comissões parlamentares de inquérito no Congresso Nacional. Aborda-se a questão da separação de Poderes nas democracias contemporâneas, ilustrando o quanto as inter-relações entre os três ramos do Estado afastam-se, na prática, da formulação clássica da teoria; o que permite toda uma complexa teia de controles mútuos que constituem um campo fértil para a ascendência do poder Judiciário sobre o poder Legislativo e a referida judicialização da política.

  20. The Ombudsman and the Judicial Power. The Romanian Experience

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    Emil BĂLAN

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of the present paperconsists in evaluating the judicial actions of theOmbudsman and in determining its position inthe framework of the legal instruments placedat his/hers disposal for carrying out the missionsconferred by the legal norms and the publicexpectances.The paper aims at (1 identifying the historicalstages during which were introduce the legalinstruments at the Ombudsman’s disposal, (2studying the institutional reforms generated bythe modifications of the Romanian Constitutionfrom 2003, (3 analyzing the Romanian practiceconcerning the People’s Advocate (RomanianOmbudsman intervention into the constitutionaljustice and in front of the administrative reviewcourts, and (4 effectuating a foray in the Europeanpractice and achieving a comparative study inthe field.The research is conducted within the projectentitled “The right to a good administration andits impact on public administration’s procedures”(PN II CCSIS ID_698 financed by the RomanianNational University Research Council.

  1. THE IMPACT OF COURTROOM CAMERAS ON THE JUDICIAL PROCESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scott Campbell

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available The sensational trial of Richard Bruno Hauptmann for the kidnapping and murder of Charles Lindberg’s young son in 1935 marked the starting point of the debate regarding the propriety of allowing cameras in courtrooms during judicial proceedings. This debate intensified during and following the 1994-1997 trial of O.J. Simpson. At issue is how a court must weigh the Sixth Amendment right of the accused to a public trial and the First Amendment right to a free press, as well as its own interest in preserving the dignity and decorum of the courtroom. This paper examines the history, Federal rules, seminal court cases, and California rules concerning cameras in the courtroom in the context of these important Constitutional issues. This research provides qualitative data from 208 California judges that help explain some of the thinking by those who are empowered to accept or reject requests to record court proceedings.

  2. ELABORATION OF A JUDICIAL ACCOUNTING EXPERTISE REPORT. AN EXAMPLE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DEACONU SORIN-CONSTANTIN

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The accounting expert profession should be a noble one. It should be respected by third parties as well as the accounting professional in question. The work of a professional accountant involves, among other responsibilities, the elaboration of judicial accounting expertise reports. Unfortunately, the content of certain reports filed in court is not entirely professionally written and eloquent for the judge. The elaboration of a report has to be done according to the rules stipulated in professional standard no. 35 Accounting expertise. One sensitive point in the elaboration of expertise reports is the submission of the lists from the local offices to the courts of law. Most of the times these lists only include some of the experts whose reports are incondite. This article presents an expertise reports with two objectives formulated by the court

  3. Psychological expert witness testimony and judicial decision making trends.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapiro, David L; Mixon, LeKisha; Jackson, Melissa; Shook, Jonathan

    2015-01-01

    Despite the establishment of the Daubert standard in 1993, the evidentiary criteria are rarely used as a basis for admissibility of expert witness testimony in the behavioral sciences. Ever since the promulgation of Frye and the Federal Rules of Evidence, controversy has surrounded the admissibility of expert testimony in courtrooms. There appears to be no existing uniform application of standards governing the admissibility of psychological expert witness testimony. Therefore, it is essential for the psycho-legal communities to explore judicial decision-making trends regarding psychological expert witness evidence. In this current research, psychological expert witness testimony and judicial decision-making will be explored. In preliminary examination, 97 criminal and civil case summaries from the LexisNexis Academic Database involved issues of admissibility. Analyses conducted by eight trained and paired coders revealed that reliability and assistance to the trier of fact were the most often cited reasons for admissibility in courts. Consistent with prior studies, it was also found that the most applied standards for admissibility of psychological evidence were the Federal Rules of Evidence. Interestingly, while the Daubert scientific criteria for admission of scientific testimony were mentioned, they were rarely utilized. A secondary analysis of 167 civil and criminal appellate cases indicated that the reliability of testimony (18% of all cases), ability to assist the trier of fact (17%), the expert witness' qualifications (17%), and the relevance of the testimony (16%) were the most commonly cited reasons for determining admissibility. A tertiary qualitative analysis focusing on these four categories then revealed eight major trends in admissibility of psychological expert evidence.

  4. A particular articulation of judicial activism of the CJEU in its approach towards international law

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cebulak, Pola

    2012-01-01

    This paper seeks to provide a theoretical and methodological framework that can be used in assessing the judicial activism of the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) in its jurisprudence dealing with public international law. The underlying questions are: What underpins the judicial act...

  5. 5 CFR 837.803 - Cancellation of retirement by judicial or administrative authority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Cancellation of retirement by judicial or administrative authority. 837.803 Section 837.803 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT... Canceled Retirements § 837.803 Cancellation of retirement by judicial or administrative authority....

  6. 28 CFR 50.9 - Policy with regard to open judicial proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... safety of parties, witnesses, or other persons; or (iii) A substantial likelihood that ongoing... judicial proceedings pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 3509 (d) and (e) for the protection of child victims or child witnesses. (f) Because of the vital public interest in open judicial proceedings, the records of any...

  7. 9 CFR 329.6 - Articles or livestock subject to judicial seizure and condemnation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... judicial seizure and condemnation. 329.6 Section 329.6 Animals and Animal Products FOOD SAFETY AND... PRODUCTS INSPECTION AND VOLUNTARY INSPECTION AND CERTIFICATION DETENTION; SEIZURE AND CONDEMNATION; CRIMINAL OFFENSES § 329.6 Articles or livestock subject to judicial seizure and condemnation. Any carcass...

  8. Siguiendo sus pasos: Explorando el activismo sociopolítico de los puertorriqueños en Nueva York desde una perspectiva Afrocéntrica.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milagros Denis-Rosario

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Muchos estudios destacan que los puertorriqueños no encajan en la definición racial americana de "negro o blanco", y que debido a esta "singularidad" la experiencia racial puertorriqueña se debe medir de manera diferente. Este trabajo evalúa las actividades de puertorriqueños negros que llegaron y establecieron en Nueva York y quienes a pesar de enfrentar problemas de adaptación, racismo y pobreza persistente, forjaron una identidad la cual resuena con la experiencia y perspectiva de Arturo Schomburg, quien como puertorriqueño negro fue uno de los pioneros de la tradición afrocéntrica. Como historiadora en este artículo reviso la vida y obra de Schomburg y examino su gesta sobre el papel central de África y sus descendientes en la historia del mundo. También reviso la filosofía del historiador surafricano C. Tsehloane Keto, quien postula la centralidad de la historia de África en la interpretación de la experiencia de las personas de ascendencia africana en los Estados Unidos y en todo el mundo. Enmarcado en el contexto del trabajo de Keto y de Schomburg recalco que el proceso de la construcción de la identidad nacionalista cultural puertorriqueña en la ciudad de Nueva York demuestra un aspecto de la identidad "Nuyorican" la cual se caracteriza por una corriente afro-céntrica que va a la par con el movimiento negro afroamericano.

  9. Sobre Alicia Dussán

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moisés Wasserman

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available [...]El recorrido vital de la doctora Alicia Dussán supera por mucho una hoja de vida como esas a las que estamos acostumbrados. Pertenece a una categoría diferente. Se ha movido en tantos ámbitos del conocimiento, actividades de investigación y enseñanza, administración, activismo social y político, que cuesta trabajo definirla en uno de ellos. Su capacidad intelectual y su voluntad personal son tan grandes, que hasta para una vida personal y familiar ha encontrado espacio.

  10. PROCEDURAL AND SUBSTANTIVE JUDICIAL REVIEW OF THE RIGHT TO HEALTH IN BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Perlingeiro

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This text seeks to identify the objective and subjective aspects of rights to an existential minimum in health care, based on international parameters which, because they are restricted to the internal scope of a nation, depend on a constitutional basis and on comprehensible facts, the demonstration of which should be the responsibility of the national administrative authority. Regarding the judicial review of the minimum right to healthcare, this paper points out that it is a serious mistake to try to handle public health conflicts according to the typical judicial principles governing conflicts under private law, because that distorts the public health system, with judicial orders that depart from the universal access to health care and that are often impossible to comply with. The article concludes that the judicial review of administrative authorities in matters involving the right to health necessarily requires simultaneous judicial review of the corresponding administrative procedures.

  11. HISTORIOGRAPHY GENERAL, REGIONAL AND SPECIAL STUDIES OF JUDICIAL REFORM IN RUSSIA 1864

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergei Evgenievich Strakhov

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In today's world, a crucial role is played by the judiciary. In the period lasting judicial reform, it is important to explore this institution not only at the present stage, but also to trace the history of its development, including - through analysis and synthesis of existing studies of the judiciary and judicial reforms.The purpose of this study - to explore the historiography of general, special and regional studies of judicial reform of1864 inRussia, to classify research on history and on the subject of the study.Scientific, theoretical and practical significance of the work lies in the fact that the study of this topic will summarize the significant weight of the studies of the judicial reform of 1864 and classified by facilitating orientation interested in individuals in the study subjects.The author uses historical, comparative, hermeneutical, mathematical methods, as well as general methods of scientific research.The author analyzes the historiography of general, special and regional studies of the judicial reform of1864 inRussia, introducing a classification of such studies in chronological order (pre-revolutionary, Soviet and modern stages and subject matter (common - affecting all aspects of judicial reform, special - dedicated to a particular aspect (legal agencies, prosecutors, legal, etc. and regional - dedicated to judicial reform, or some aspects of it in some regions of Russia.The results of this study are scientific and practical value, because they can be useful for teaching students - in industry disciplines "judiciary", "advocacy", "notary public", "public prosecutor's supervision" and general theoretical "History of State and Law," "History of the fatherland" ; in science - by picking up information about the historiography of the judicial reform, and in practice - said work can serve as a guide to research judicial reform, which may be useful to practitioners of judicial and investigative bodies, as well as - prosecutors

  12. Classification of judicial investigation situations and its importance for criminalistic tactics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Voronin S.E.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The problems of defining the criteria for determining judicial investigation situations are studied. Situations occurring during the prejudicial inquiry and legal proceedings have same epistemological nature, which allows to successfully apply the existing classification base to systematize and order the situations of judicial investigation. The author distinguishes the judicial problem-searching situations, occurring in the courts of original jurisdiction, of appellate jurisdiction, of review and of reviewing authority, differing in the character of problem raised and solved by the court. The typical situation in the courts of original jurisdiction is collecting evidence sufficient for making judicial decision. The typical situation in the courts of appellate jurisdiction, of review and of reviewing authority is validating decisions made by the court of original jurisdiction. The difference in the line of development of typical judicial investigation situations and search and cognitive activity’s character is shown. The author distinguishes typical problem-searching judicial situations, occurring in the court of original jurisdiction, connected with: 1 saving the evidence seized during prejudicial inquiry; 2 filling the gaps in prejudicial inquiry materials; 3 providing judicial assessment of evidence; 4 making judicial decision. The court of original jurisdiction adjudicates in a case, courts of appellate jurisdiction, of review and of reviewing authority review the judicial decision (their revision activity is provided with search and cognitive means to a lesser extent. The most widespread problem-searching judicial situations in the court of appellate jurisdiction are distinguished. The information uncertainty in mentioned situations cannot be overcome by cognitive means of such courts.

  13. La modulación de sentencias de la Corte Constitucional: ¿juez natural para la responsabilidad del Estado legislador?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Pablo Sarmiento Erazo

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo expone la investigación efectuada sobre la jurisprudencia constitucional en torno a efectos de sentencias distintas a los fallos ex nunc, que se dimensionan en el tiempo o que adicionan a beneficiarios de la norma declarada inconstitucional, y en fin, los distintos tipos de sentencias de constitucionalidad que tienen efectos patrimoniales, tanto para el Estado como para el individuo. Se argumenta que, ciertos fallos dotados de amplio margen de activismo judicial pueden conducir a la reparación de perjuicios causados al individuo por normas inconstitucionales insertas en la disposición evaluada por el Tribunal Constitucional.

  14. Mixed Blessing of Judicial Specialisation: the Devil is in the Detail

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alan Uzelac

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This article discusses from a critical perspective the issue of judicial specialisation. While accepting the assessment that judicial specialisation is a growing trend in a number of contemporary states, the author sets forth different perspectives and viewpoints on judicial specialisation which clearly show that the excessive enthusiasm should be subdued and that any attempt to specialise judges, court structures and procedures should be carefully balanced against the possible negative impact specialisation could have, both at the general level, and at the level of concrete gains related to administration of justice. The starting point of the analysis is the presentation of multiple forms that judicial specialisation can have. Aspects that are distinguished are judicial specialisation in narrow sense (jurisdictional specialisation and broader sense (internal, personal and procedural specialisation. Based on the data of the European Commission for the Efficiency of Justice (CEPEJ, it is concluded that there is no coherent or consistent approach to judicial and jurisdictional specialisation in Europe, both in respect to the level of specialisation, and in respect to the forms of specialisation. A discussion of the Opinion no. 15 of the Consultative Council of European Judges (CCJE shows that the viewpoint of judges and their professional organisations is also sceptical on certain aspects of specialisation, and that specialisation is considered to be potentially harmful for the unity of judicial profession and its main professional and ethical foundations. From the perspective of judicial administration, as demonstrated on the examples of international expert assistance to judiciaries of the Netherlands and Croatia, judicial specialisation is attractive, but often for wrong reasons. There is so far little comparative research on judicial specialisation, and the methodology of assessing its concrete benefits and detriments is not developed. Most

  15. PRINCIPIOS DE COMPETENCIA JUDICIAL INTERNACIONAL Y DE PROTECCIÓN DEL MEDIO AMBIENTE Principles of international jurisdiction and environmental protection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pía Moscoso Restovic

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available ¿Como se resuelve el problema de la objetivación del vínculo de conexión cuando intervienen daños civiles y daños ambientales? Es decir, ¿podemos sostener que el fuero "lugar del hecho dañoso" puede determinarse con independencia de los sujetos que intervienen? ¿Es relevante el principio favor laesi en los casos de daño ambiental? Proponemos abordar estos problemas desde la relación que existe entre los principios de Competencia Judicial Civil Internacional y los principios de protección del medioambiente. Así, advertiremos que la mayor o menor extensión del fuero "lugar del hecho dañoso", adquiere connotaciones especiales si interpretamos armónicamente los principios de competencia judicial internacional y los principios de protección internacional del medio ambiente. En efecto, la política de protección ambiental, constituye un "valor superior del ordenamiento", y por tanto incide directamente en el juicio razonabilidad que el juez debe realizar sobre el vínculo de conexión. Si bien abordamos el problema desde la experiencia europea, las conclusiones tendrán validez universal.How to solve the problem of objectivity in the link between the court and the action, when engaging civil damages and environmental damages? In other words ¿ can we argue that the place of the harmful event can be determined independently of the persons involved? ¿Is favor Iaesi principle relevant in cases of environmental damage? We propose analyze those problems through the connections between International Civil Jurisdiction principles and environmental protection principles. In fact, environmental protection policy constitutes a "superior value". Therefore it affects directly the judge opinion about the connection link. Our approach is European, but the findings have universal validity.

  16. O trabalho penoso sob a ótica do judiciário trabalhista de São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Veronica Guilherme Ancelmo de Oliveira

    Full Text Available Resumo O trabalho penoso está previsto na Constituição Federal, que estabelece o pagamento de um adicional para trabalhadores que exercem atividades penosas, da mesma forma que ocorre com trabalhos insalubres ou perigosos. Porém, até o momento, o trabalho penoso não foi legalmente conceituado. Mesmo considerando a impropriedade da questão da monetização da saúde, essa lacuna normativa pode possibilitar interpretações diversas sobre o que se considera como trabalho penoso e dificultar a atuação do poder judiciário no julgamento de ações que possuam alegações de penosidade. O objetivo deste estudo foi verificar o que o judiciário trabalhista da 15ª Região tem entendido por penosidade no trabalho e como essa questão tem sido abordada nos seus acórdãos. A pesquisa quanti-qualitativa, de caráter exploratório, retrospectivo e descritivo foi desenvolvida com base em análise documental e revisão bibliográfica. A pesquisa documental foi realizada em acórdãos que continham os descritores “penoso”, “penosidade” ou “trabalho penoso”, constantes na base de dados do Tribunal Regional do Trabalho da 15ª Região, julgados no período de 2011 a 2013. Os resultados indicaram que a maior parte dos acórdãos relacionados a trabalho penoso tratava de jornada de trabalho (46,6% e era proveniente de empresas relacionadas ao trabalho rural (57,3%. As decisões analisadas indicaram um amplo entendimento do poder judiciário acerca do trabalho penoso, que inclui desde características inerentes às atividades desenvolvidas pelo trabalhador até formas adotadas para a organização do trabalho que possam causar agravos à sua saúde física e mental, assim como suas repercussões nas relações sociais e econômicas do trabalhador.

  17. Judiciarização do privado e violência contra a mulher "Judicialization" of the private and violence against women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María del Carmen Cortizo

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho apresenta alguns dos paradoxos presentes na Lei Maria da Penha, tendo como referentes teóricos as recentes análises sobre os processos de jurisdiciarização da vida privada. A mencionada Lei trata sobre relações que por muito tempo foram consideradas fora do espaço regulatório do Estado e tem por objetivo principal erradicar e punir as formas de violência doméstica contra a mulher. Os paradoxos, aos que fazemos referência, apresentam-se tanto no grau de ampliação dos processos de criminalização, quanto na aplicação concreta por parte do sistema jurídico-judicial do Estado. Neste sentido, assinalamos os problemas de uma aplicação da lei que possa vir a reproduzir a cultura jurídica conservadora presente na sociedade e, portanto, nos operadores de direitos, caso não se compreenda a questão da violência contra a mulher e as suas formas de prevenção e punição como uma questão cultural complexa, que não se esgota na jurisdiciarização do espaço privado.This article presents some paradoxes present in the Maria da Penha Law, using as theoretical references the recent analyses about the processes of "judicialization" of private life. The law mentioned applies to relations that for many years were considered outside the regulatory space of the State. Its principal objective is to eradicate and punish domestic violence against women. The paradoxes to which we refer appear both in the degree of expansion of the processes of criminalization, as well as in the concrete application by the State's legal-judicial system. We indicate problems related to application of the law in a way that reproduces the conservative legal culture present in society and therefore, in the operators of rights. This is exacerbated if the question of violence against women, as well as forms for prevention and punishment, are not understood as a complex cultural issue that is not limited to the "judicialization" of private space.

  18. Analyses of Medical Malpractice in Judicial Appraisal: 505 Cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meng You

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to investigate and analyze the current situation of medical malpractice and make suggestions for preventative measures from a judicial appraisal standpoint. From 2002 to 2011, we conducted and analyzed 505 medicolegal malpractice experiments at the Fada Institute of Forensic Medicine and Science (FIFMS in Beijing, People′s Republic of China (PRC. We found that the occurrence of medical disputes in surgical and obstetrical/gynecological cases seemed more frequent. The main causes of medical disputes included issues regarding medical ethics, poor quality of the medical staff, equipment malfunctions, and dereliction of duty by the medical personnel. The reasons for dissatisfaction varied among the different levels of medical service. Basic medical services garnered the most complaints. If we can work to improve the moral and professional standards of the medical staff members, intensify their ethics, and foster good relationships between patients and medical professionals, the quality of medical care would improve and the number of disputes regarding medical services would be reduced.

  19. Treatnebt if Addiction - Clinical and Judicial Perspectives: Two Case Reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofia Fonseca

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The sporadic or chronic use of drugs and alcohol is directly related to conduct disorders and to the triggering of psychopathological states of sub-acute or chronic course. The excessive consumption of alcohol and excessive traffic/consumption of illicit drugs by individuals without mental illness or disability are actions of free will; they are therefore criminally responsible for their behaviour, even if they commit a crime during the state of intoxication, which the individual chose voluntarily to experience. In clinical practice, it is widely accepted that the treatment of these disorders is only effective when the patient accepts it voluntarily and that involuntary commitment (compulsive treatment is only carried out when the psychopathological state associated justifies the presuppositions of Article 12 of the Mental Health Law. However, if the compulsive treatment is of a penal character, mandated by a judge, the individual is obligated to accept treatment, independent of whether or not he suffers from mental illness. The authors present two case studies, one of drug addiction, the other of alcoholism, and discuss the clinical and judicial perspectives on the treatment of these clinical entities.

  20. Representações sociais da reforma do Judiciário - um estudo baseado nas perspectivas dos servidores do Tribunal de Justiça do Estado da Bahia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Filgueiras Sauerbronn

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available A presente pesquisa investiga como os servidores de um tribunal de justiça entendem a reforma do Judiciário. A teoria das representações sociais é utilizada como referencial teórico e abordagem metodológica, operacionalizada por meio de análise de conteúdo. A partir das palavras evocadas e dos textos coletados, emergiram quatro dimensões - reforma gerencial, ampliação da cidadania, aspectos legais e reflexões sobre o Judiciário -, 10 categorias e 31 subcategorias. Ao fim são traçadas considerações acerca da relevância da percepção dos servidores quanto a futuros desenvolvimentos de estratégias organizacionais e políticas públicas orientadas para a reforma dos tribunais de justiça.

  1. Digital signage sobre IP

    OpenAIRE

    Casademont Filella, Albert

    2012-01-01

    Projecte que versa sobre el disseny i la implementació d'un sistema de Digital Signage (Cartelleria Digital) sobre IP, creant un gestor que permeti controlar de forma remota tot un conjunt de petits dispositius connectats a pantalles que emeten continguts multimèdia com vídeos, imatges, feeds rss...

  2. Impuesto sobre la renta

    OpenAIRE

    Universitat de Barcelona. Grup d'Innovació Docent en Economia dels Impostos (GIDEI)

    2016-01-01

    Tema 7. Esquema de presentación del tema "Impuesto sobre la renta". Incorpora datos actuales, gráficos, cuadros y tablas. Esquema de presentació del tema "Impuesto sobre la renta". Incorpora dades actuals, gràfics, quadres i taules.

  3. Impuesto sobre sociedades

    OpenAIRE

    Universitat de Barcelona. Grup d'Innovació Docent en Economia dels Impostos

    2016-01-01

    Tema 8. Esquemas de la presentación del tema "Impuesto sobre sociedades". Incorpora datos actuales, gráficos, cuadros y tablas. Esquemes de la presentació del tema "Impuesto sobre sociedades". Incorpora dades actuals, gràfics, quadres i taules

  4. El diario en línea. Metodología para el análisis y la reflexión sobre Internet y las prácticas políticas entre universitarios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Rebeca Padilla de la Torre

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se describe la metodología de los diarios en línea para analizar las actividades en Internet de un grupo de estudiantes universitarios, identificando entre ellas las vinculadas con la política. El registro de diarios se llevó a cabo durante cuatro meses, periodo en el que se desarrollaron campañas electorales en la ciudad de Aguascalientes, México, y se complementaron con sesiones presenciales, a manera de entrevistas colectivas. Esta metodología fue muy pertinente para detonar la reflexividad de los sujetos de estudio sobre el papel de Internet en su vida diaria y en su participación política. Los hallazgos mostraron diez categorías de prácticas en Internet en nueve distintos soportes. Las principales prácticas fueron de naturaleza social y de entretenimiento y el sentido que prevaleció en las políticas fue el subactivismo que se refiere a la discusión sobre política sin traducirse en actividades de política formal, de subpolítica o activismo

  5. 32 CFR 719.115 - Release of information pertaining to accused persons; spectators at judicial sessions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY PERSONNEL REGULATIONS SUPPLEMENTING THE MANUAL FOR COURTS-MARTIAL Trial... in open session. (viii) The scheduling of any stage in the judicial process. (ix) The denial by...

  6. Judicial processes and legal authority in pre-colonial Bali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helen Creese

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Law codes with their origins in Indic-influenced Old Javanese systems of knowledge comprise an important genre in the Balinese textual record. Written in Kawi – a term encompassing Old Javanese, Middle Javanese and High Balinese – the legal corpus forms a complex and overlapping web of indigenous legal texts and traditions that encompass the codification and administration of civil and criminal justice as well as concepts of morality and right conduct. The most significant codes include the Adhigama, Ku??ram?nawa, P?rw?dhigama, S?rasamuccaya, Swarajambu, Dew?gama (also called Kr?topapati and Dewadanda. Each of these law codes belongs to a shared tradition of legal thought and practice that is linked to Sanskrit M?navadharma??stra traditions. Manu’s code, most notably the a??ada?awyawah?ra section detailing the eighteen grounds for litigation, was adopted as the model of legal textual principle in the early stages of contact between ancient India and the Indonesian archipelago. Over the course of many centuries, this model informed legal and juridical practice and was adapted and modified to suit indigenous needs. The law codes remained in use in Java until the advent of Islam towards the end of the fifteenth century, and in Bali until the colonial period in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The Balinese legal textual corpus comprises dozens of interrelated manuscripts, some complete and some fragmentary. They provide significant insights in to pre-colonial judicial practices and forms of government. This article provides a survey of the corpus of legal texts and explores the nature of law in pre-colonial Bali.

  7. INTERPRETACIÓN CONSTITUCIONAL Y JUDICIAL. COMO LEER SENTENCIAS JUDICIALES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Rodríguez Alzate

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El Estado colombiano es un Estado social de derecho (así lo define el Artículo 1º de nuestra Carta Política, con el cual se busca la realización de la justicia social y la dignidad humana mediante la sujeción de las autoridades públicas a los principios, derechos y deberes sociales de orden constitucional. De allí, se desprende que sea tan importante el Derecho Constitucional, ya que es la principal rama del derecho público por cuanto participa en todos los estamentos propios de lo jurídico y especialmente de la estructura del Estado como base de todo ordenamiento institucional político, razón por la cual al entenderse como la disciplina del derecho encargada de los estudios conceptuales de los estados sociales de derecho, es vital tanto el surgimiento de la Constitución Política como de su interpretación, desde el estudio de sus fundamentos hasta la asimilación de una hermenéutica jurídica que encamine a todos los gobernados por la norma de normas. De acuerdo al concepto anteriormente señalado, se hace necesario valorar el alcance de la Interpretación Constitucional en el contexto general de la Carta Magna facilitando la exégesis judicial y su contenido crítico, llegando a una conexión explicativa de cualquier problema jurídico y extrajurídico.

  8. Judicialização da política e controle judicial de políticas públicas Judicialization of politics and the judicial review of public policies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Estefânia Maria de Queiroz Barboza

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo analisa a judicialização da política demonstrando que não se trata apenas de um fenômeno brasileiro, mas de algo comum a diversos países ocidentais. Esse movimento tem sofrido severas críticas, que questionam a sua legitimidade e apontam o esvaziamento da esfera política. Em contraponto, é traçado um paralelo com a doutrina da autorrestrição judicial, a qual defende que as questões políticas devem ser enfrentadas pelos poderes eleitos. Por fim, procura-se demonstrar, por meio da análise de decisões do STF e do STJ, como o Poder Judiciário brasileiro tem se manifestado em questões de políticas públicas, de modo a realizar os direitos fundamentais plasmados na Carta de 1988.This paper aims to analyze the so-called judicialization of politics, showing that it is not just a Brazilian experience, but a common one in several Western countries. This movement has been very criticized concerning its political legitimacy and the exhaustion of political sphere. from the other hand the article analyzes the theory of judicial restraint, which defends that political questions should be decided by elected powers. Finally, it demonstrates through the analysis of Brazilian Supreme Court's (STF decisions and other Courts decisions such as STJ how Brazilian Judicial Power has faced issues of public policies in order to enforce basic rights present in the Brazilian Constitution of 1988.

  9. RITUALITY AS A WAY OF ACTUALIZING THE CATEGORY OF OTHERNESS WITHIN THE JUDICIAL DISCOURSE

    OpenAIRE

    Bogomazova Viktoriya Vladimirovna

    2014-01-01

    The article deals with the rituality as one of the ways of actualizing the category of otherness within the judicial discourse, in general, and the court session, in particular. The author analyzes the relevant features of rituality in the judicial discourse, reveals the categorical connection between the rituality and otherness, the speech means which actualize their interaction. The author gives examples illustrating the actualization of the concept by means of rituality in the texts of cou...

  10. Litigio judicial y el derecho a la salud en Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verónica Gotlieb

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen El propósito de este trabajo es explorar el perfil del litigio por el acceso a la atención de la salud, tramitado ante la Corte Suprema de Justicia Argentina, y reflexionar sobre su potencial para influir sobre la equidad y el derecho a la salud, en el marco de un proceso de crecimiento de la judicialización. Se llevó a cabo un análisis documental de 125 litigios con sentencias dictadas entre 1994 y 2013. Se observó una preeminencia de la reclamación individual (88% reclamantes personas físicas individuales, y de reclamantes afiliados a la seguridad social o a seguros privados (64%, con un esquema típico del derecho privado (87% reclama cobertura de un servicio médico. El 75% de los fallos ordenaron brindar los servicios de salud reclamados, sin visibilizar los fallos del sistema de salud, ni ordenar acciones para promover la equidad y garantizar el derecho a la salud, que alcancen a otras personas sometidas a la misma situación que el reclamante. La judicialización, hasta el momento, no está promoviendo activamente la equidad, el derecho a la salud y el diálogo interinstitucional.

  11. REGULACIÓN DE LA TECNOLOGÍA INFORMÁTICA AL SERVICIO DE LA RAMA JUDICIAL: NECESIDAD, REALIDAD O ILUSIÓN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana María Mesa Elneser

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo da cuenta de la regulación en el ordenamiento jurídico colombiano sobre el funcionamiento de la rama judicial por medios electrónicos como una forma de hacer efectivo el cumplimiento de principios procesales como la gratuidad, garantismo y agilidad en la búsqueda efectiva del funcionamiento del aparato judicial. La necesidad de avance tecnológico informático al servicio de la Rama Judicial no ha sido soportado desde una política de gobierno generadora de proyectos e inversión que materialicen lainclusión del mundo tecnológico informático en la administración de justicia,más aún, no existe desarrollo legal que permita adelantar un proceso legal por medios electrónicos, salvo la modificación a los artículos 315 y 320 de la ley 794 de 2003, con la inclusión de la notificación electrónica, avance normativo que a la fecha no se tiene en funcionamiento, volviendo la disposición letra muerta, en contraste con el acelerado desarrollo del comercio y el creciente surgimiento de empresas virtuales del tipo de establecimientos de comercio y sociedades comerciales, las cuales tienen su domicilio deoperación comercial, no en una dirección física sino electrónica.

  12. O estudo psicossocial forense como subsídio para a decisão judicial na situação de abuso sexual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivonete Araújo Carvalho Lima Granjeiro

    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa teve como objetivo aprofundar os conhecimentos na interface Psicologia/Direito, envolvendo uma situação de violência intrafamiliar. Buscou-se conhecer as reflexões dos vários atores que participaram das decisões referentes a um processo sobre abuso sexual cometido pelo pai contra duas filhas crianças. O contexto foi uma Vara Criminal e o método o de estudo de caso. A análise dos resultados seguiu a orientação da Hermenêutica de Profundidade. Os resultados foram discutidos segundo três eixos de compreensão da função do estudo psicossocial forense: A quem serve? Quando deve ser realizado? E o que subsidia o processo judicial: o laudo ou o relatório? Concluímos que é necessário promover a interação entre os vários atores que complementam suas decisões, para que se possa ampliar a compreensão da realidade que cerca as situações de violência na família, e assim o contexto judicial participar na promoção da cidadania nesses casos.

  13. The Workers’ Party and the political use of judiciary El Partido de los Trabajadores y el uso político del poder judicial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew M. TAYLOR

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper draws on the experience of the Brazilian Workers’ Party (PT, during periods of opposition and incumbency, to develop a theoretical approach to the use of Courts by political actors. I argue that the use of Courts by political parties is an outcome of their relations with executive incumbents, the institutional architecture of the judiciary, and a strategic evaluation of the different judicial mechanisms that are available to them.Este artículo examina la experiencia del Partido de los Trabajadores (PT, tanto durante periodos en que actuaba como fuerza política opositora como cuando ejercía el poder, para desarrollar un enfoque teórico sobre el uso que los actores políticos hacen de las Cortes. Sostengo que la manera en que los partidos usan las Cortes es el resultado de sus relaciones con el poder ejecutivo, con la arquitectura institucional del poder judicial y con la evaluación estratégica de los diferentes mecanismos judiciales que le sean disponibles.

  14. Liderança no Judiciário: o reconhecimento de magistrados como líderes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciano José Martins Vieira

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Considerando as pressões sociais nos últimos anos por mudanças no Poder Judiciário, o estudo tem como objetivo identificar o que faz com que um magistrado da Justiça Estadual do Rio Grande do Sul seja reconhecido como um líder pelos seus pares. Para tanto descreve as funções da liderança e tece considerações sobre a liderança no setor público. Foram realizadas entrevistas individuais semiestruturadas com 12 magistrados e na análise dos dados foi utilizada a técnica da análise de conteúdo. Verificou-se que tal reconhecimento decorre da eleição e escolha para ocupar cargos importantes; do conhecimento jurídico; da capacidade de gestão; e das habilidades de mobilização e de interação. A liderança exercida encontra barreiras na estrutura organizacional; nas dificuldades de diálogo e de cooperação entre magistrados; e na falta de uma formação específica em liderança e gestão.

  15. CONTROL JUDICIAL, REFORMA CONSTITUCIONAL Y DIÁLOGO INSTITUCIONAL. APUNTES CRÍTICOS AL MODELO COLOMBIANO DESDE UNA PERSPECTIVA DELIBERATIVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrés Díaz del Castillo Longas

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available En este escrito se expondrán algunos rasgos característicos de la lógica institucional de los frenos y contrapesos en Colombia, a partir de la interacción que se presenta entre los ámbitos representativos y los ámbitos jurisdiccionales del poder Estatal, en razón de la actuación del control judicial de constitucionalidad y de la reforma constitucional en sede legislativa. Se argumentará que la lógica de esa interacción, aunque puede optimizar la acción de controles más o menos efectivos para evitar el decisionismo, lo hace a costa de limitar la eficacia de otros principios también valiosos para el sistema constitucional, como la legitimidad democrática y la colaboración armónica.Con base en ello, se sugerirá que una revisión crítica de algunas de las normas de distribución de competencia entre los órganos del poder público podría arrojar argumentos relevantes para la discusión sobre procedimientos de decisión más democráticos, en clave deliberativa.

  16. Las reformas al consejo de la magistratura: oportunidades perdidas para un Poder Judicial democrático y popular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Méndez Montenegro, Patricio

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El ensayo hace un análisis de las diferentes reformas al Consejo de la Magistratura, sobre todo en su composición, atribuciones y métodos de elección de consejeros. Se enfoca en la última reforma y el fallo de la Corte Suprema que la invalidó, declarándola inconstitucional. De la mano del estudio de las leyes y dicho fallo, se analiza la reforma desde la teoría interpretativa procedimentalista y se concluye que se han perdido varias oportunidades de crear un órgano de selección, remoción de jueces y de administración del presupuesto del Poder Judicial que promueva la diversidad ideológica dentro de ese poder, fomente la participación y control ciudadano en dicho órgano y transparente la elección de los jueces. Finalmente se proponen algunas reformas en ese sentido, que sí respetan los principios rectores de la institución.

  17. Judicial review in the Republic of Korea: an introduction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo González Quintero

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available En la República de Corea, tras casi cuarenta años de disposiciones de rango constitucional en las que se consagraba el control constitucional, la Constitución de 1987 estableció un sistema efectivo de poderes de control constitucional otorgados a la Corte Constitucional. Además de revisar la constitucionalidad de las leyes, la Corte tiene la autoridad para decidir sobre la disolución de partidos políticos, la destitución de altos funcionarios, conflictos de competencia, recursos de protección de derechos individuales. Los poderes antes enunciados han dado a la Corte una posición especial dentro del sistema democrático de Corea del Sur, habilitándola para ampliar el significado de la Constitución y extender su protección respecto de la cotidianidad de los ciudadanos.

  18. Valoración de la prueba en los delitos de Violación Sexual en agravio de los menores de edad en el distrito Judicial del Cusco 2011-2012

    OpenAIRE

    Choque Valenzuela, Eloida

    2015-01-01

    En el presente estudio desarrollado trata fundamentalmente sobre la Valoración de la Prueba en los Delitos de Violación Sexual en Agravio de Menores de Edad en el Distrito Judicial del Cusco 2011-2012 Esta investigación tiene como objetivo principal determinar las implicancias que tiene la valoración de la prueba en el delito de violación sexual de menores y analizar la calidad que tienen las pruebas subjetivas y objetivas en los delitos de violación sexual de menores ...

  19. Crisis del mandato representativo y regeneración democrática: independencia del poder judicial y designación de su órgano de gobierno

    OpenAIRE

    Gómez Gil, Carla

    2015-01-01

    La tan alabada independencia del Poder Judicial de la que ya hablaba Montesquieu, se ha visto duramente cuestionada en los últimos tiempos como consecuencia del régimen de nombramiento de los miembros de su órgano de gobierno. El presente trabajo reflexiona sobre dicha cuestión partiendo de las impugnaciones de la última designación, para analizar después este sistema de selección, comparándolo además con el del ordenamiento jurídico italiano.

  20. Open Trial under Judicial Value%司法价值视阈下的审判公开

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张蓓蓓; 梁平

    2011-01-01

    司法价值关乎具体的司法动向和司法目标的实现。在深化司法体制改革过程中,确立了司法公正、司法效率、司法民主的价值取向。审判公开在促进司法公正,提高司法效率,保障司法民主方面,彰显了司法价值。%Judicial value is related to specific judicial trends and achievements of justice target.During the process of deepening the reform of justice,the value orientation of judicial justice,efficiency,and democracy has been established.Open trial demonstrates the value of justice in promoting judicial justice,improving judicial efficiency,and protecting judicial democracy.

  1. JUDICIAL SYSTEM OF THE VOLOGDA PROVINCE DURING THE FIRST WORLD WAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergei Evgenievich Strakhov

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In today's world, a crucial role is played by the judiciary. In the period lasting judicial reform, it is important to explore this institution not only at the present stage, but also to trace the history of its development, including - at a landmark in the history of Russian stage of the First World War.The purpose of this study - to investigate the status and the legal regulation of the judicial system, as well as - the status of the judicial institutions of theVologdaprovince during the First World War.Scientific, theoretical and practical significance of the work lies in the fact that the study of this topic will summarize the knowledge of the judicial system of theVologdaprovince, to understand the structure of the judiciary, the legal regulation of their status and activities in the First World War.The author uses historical, comparative, hermeneutical, mathematical methods, as well as general methods of scientific research.The author analyzes the status and regulation of the judicial system, as well as - the status of the judicial institutions of the Vologda province during the First World War, concluding that the judicial institutions of the Vologda province in the period under review was based on the establishment of institutions of court, 1864, as supplemented by the Law of the transformation local court in 1912, according to which the competence of Congress restored magistrates and parish court becomes part of the general judicial system.The results of this study are scientific and practical value, because they can be useful for teaching students - in the industrial discipline "judiciary" and general theoretical "History of State and Law," "History of the fatherland"; in science - by picking up information about the judicial system of the Vologda province, and in practice - said the work can be useful to practitioners of the judiciary, in order to understand the place of the judiciary in the system of state power during the First

  2. TOWARDS THE PROTECTION OF HUMAN RIGHTS: DO THE NEW ZIMBABWEAN CONSTITUTIONAL PROVISIONS ON JUDICIAL INDEPENDENCE SUFFICE?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lovemore Chiduza

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available If human rights are to be effectively protected in any country, the judiciary has to recognise that it also has a role to play in this regard. The rationale for this is that the judiciary has a duty to enhance and protect human rights. Across Africa and most notably in Zimbabwe political interference has been noted as a factor that limits judicial independence. In Zimbabwe the weak protection of judicial independence has contributed to gross human rights violations. Constitutional reforms have been conducted in order to improve the independence of the judiciary and consequently the judicial protection of human rights. These efforts have resulted in the adoption of a new Constitution in Zimbabwe which has replaced the Lancaster House Constitution. The Constitutional reforms have captured legal principles which will ensure an improvement in the human rights situation. Key to the reforms has been the independence of the judiciary. The Constitution guarantees the independence of the judiciary. Despite such guarantees there are a number of challenges with regards to this independence. The aim of this paper is therefore to analyse the judicial reforms introduced by the Constitution of Zimbabwe with a view to establishing whether or not such reforms are likely to improve judicial independence and in turn the protection of human rights in Zimbabwe.

  3. [The thesis of judicialization of health care by the elites: medication for mucopolysaccharidosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medeiros, Marcelo; Diniz, Debora; Schwartz, Ida Vanessa Doederlein

    2013-04-01

    This paper evaluates the hypothesis that the judicialization of medicine for mucopolysaccharidosis in Brazil is an action promoted by economic elites. Previous studies upholding the thesis of judicialization by elites in the case of other types of medication that are more costly for the Unified Health Service are discussed. An analysis of all 196 processes containing information about judicial processes brought to court between February 2006 and December 2010 that ended by determining that the State should provide such medication free of charge to patients was conducted. There is evidence that attorneys' fees were covered by entities interested in the results of judicialization, such as the distributors or pharmaceutical industries. Patients may also be migrating for diagnosis and treatment to university centers that are a benchmark for medical innovation in the country, as the option for public health services is related to their higher technical and scientific capacity. Therefore, the resort to private lawyers, indicators of social exclusion based on the address of patients and the use of public health services, are not adequate class information to corroborate or refute the thesis of judicialization by the elites.

  4. The Establishment of Judicial Complaints Commission: to Strengthen the Judicial Supervision%设立司法投诉委员会:强化审判监督

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李化祥

    2012-01-01

    我国司法制度与人民民主权利及经济、社会发展不相适应,司法能力与人民群众日益增长的司法需要不相适应,司法腐败日益凸显。不公正的司法判决不仅背离了公民的根本利益。而且引发了社会成员对法律与法院的不信任情绪,对社会稳定产生了极其恶劣的影响。地方性司法和司法监督方式是造成司法腐败的制度性因素。应当在省、自治区、直辖市人民代表大会设立司法投诉委员会接受终审裁决的原被告当事人的投诉,一则使人大在任命法院人员时依法真实地授予他们审理权限,同时也真实地加于监督管理,力求司法公正;二则对我国目前地方性司法设置一个监管性闸门。%China's judicial system does not meet the people's demand of democratic rights in the econom- ic and social development; its judicial capability does not meet the people's growing needs of social justice; and what worse is, the increasing judicial corruption has become more prominent. Unjust judicial judgment not only deviates from the citizen's fundamental interests, but also causes the distrust of its social members to the law and courts, so that the social stability has been extremely destroyed. Local judicature and judi- cial supervision is the cause of corruption in the judicial system factors. To solve the problem, judicial Complaints Commission should be established in the province, autonomous region, municipality directly under the central government; and the People's Congress accept the party's complaints of the final judg- ment. These measures may insure the rightness of people's Congress in the appointment of court person- nel, in the clear warning of them the permission of law truly granted them in the trial, and in the actual su- pervision of them so as to guarantee the justice of law in practice.

  5. Justice, Professionalism and Politics in the Exercise of Judicial Review by Brazil’s Supreme Court

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana Luci Oliveira

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This study analyses interactions between Law, professionalism and politics. The primary intent is to understand the judicial behaviour of Brazil’s Supreme Court in the development and consolidation of democracy, by analysing how its justices voted in decisions regarding the constitutionality of laws (judicial review in the 1988-2003 period and investigating factors that influenced the Court’s decisions. These decisions are analysed both quantitatively and qualitatively in search of: a voting differences corresponding to the career of each member of the Court; b justices’ attitudes as either Constitution interpreters or reproducers of legal texts; and c the rapporteur’s profile, as well as the profiles of the justices that voted with him/her. I conclude that although political factors do shape the decision-making process of Brazil’s Supreme Court to some extent, professionalism plays a central role in determining its judicial behaviour.

  6. Bromadiolona: un caso judicial relacionado con la muerte de abejas Bromadiolone: a judicial case related to bees death

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Pablo Salinas

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Como resultado de una investigación impulsada por la justicia, se analizaron muestras provenientes de un posible derrame intencional de plaguicidas sobre colmenas con abejas. En los análisis realizados se utilizó GC-MS previa extracción con solventes orgánicos. Debido a dificultades iniciales en la identificación de plaguicidas sobre tres de las muestras, se procedió al reprocesamiento de los cromatogramas utilizando selección de las relaciones de masas m/z 158, 173 y 143. Utilizando es herramienta analítica se obtuvieron los correspondientes cromatogramas, y los espectros de masas con coincidencia frente al divulgado para el producto de descomposición de bromadiolona (PDB, determinando que tanto las abejas como las colmenas habían tenido contacto con bromadiolona (3-[3-(4'-bromobifenil-4-il- 3-hidroxi-1-fenilpropil]-4- hidroxicumarina, un anticoagulante cumarínico de utilización agraria para combatir roedores, que parece ser prácticamente no tóxico para las abejas según informes internacionales. Se observó que en la literatura no se halla propuesta una estructura química definida para el PDB, lo cual podría constituir el fundamento para encarar trabajos futuros con el fin de elucidar el comportamiento de la droga madre en el contexto del caso.As a result of an investigation boosted by ordinary justice, samples from a probable deliberate spill of pesticide over bees and hives were analyzed. Solvent extractions and then GC-MS were used to perform the tests. Due to difficulties since the beginning in pesticide identification upon three samples, chromatograms were reprocessed using mass selection at m/z 158, 173 y 143 mass rates. The correspondent chromatograms were gathered by these analytical tool, and their mass spectrums were found coincident with the previously reported as bromadiolone decomposition product (BDP, showing that hives as well as bees had been in contact with bromadiolone (3-[3-(4'-bromobiphenyl-4-yl- 3-hydroxy

  7. Todo sobre el neobarroco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arturo Carrera

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Lo que hemos escuchado y atendido hasta aquí, hoy, ayer, sobre todo en la propuesta poética esbozada por Sergio Raimondi en su ensayo sobre Aldo Oliva, demuestra que las singularidades, su pasión, anulan subrepticiamente las nominaciones.Anoche en la televisión una orquesta sinfónica y un coro numeroso. Súbitamente, me hubiera gustado ser uno de esos intérpretes solitarios para sí, a pesar de la armonía, anónimos, a pesar del brillo sonoro… un violín, un triángulo… apenas… tres grillos… como ...

  8. On Legitimacy of Judicial Review%司法审查具有正当性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘凤琪

    2015-01-01

    对司法审查正当性的探讨,学者们大多是从“民主的不信任”出发的。阅读了相关资料后,可以发现,当我们正积极呼吁建立这一制度时,在其发源地美国,学者更多的却是对它的怀疑与审视。而通过了解美国学者们对司法审查正当性的争论,梳理其司法审查的渊源及发展历程,明确美国法院在不同时期的司法审查态度与政策。可以肯定的是:尽管有许多学者怀疑司法审查的正当性并且提出深刻的理论批评,但司法审查的正当性毫无疑问。%As to study on the legitimacy of judicial review, most scholars tend to distrust the democracy. After reading the related information we can found that, when we are actively called for the establishment of the system, in the originated country, the United States, scholars show more doubts and examination on it. And by understanding the American scholars arguing over the legitimacy of judicial review, combing its judicial review of the origin and development course, we can make sense of the court’s attitude and policy for judicial review. It can be sure that, although there are many scholars doubt the legitimacy of judicial review and deep theoretical criticism, there is no doubt the legitimacy of judicial review.

  9. A Desconstrução Semântica da Supremacia Judicial e a Necessária Afirmação do Judicial Review: uma análise a partir da democracia deliberativa de Habermas e Nino / The Semantic Descontruction of Judicial Supremacy and the Required Affirmation of Judicial Review: an analysis from the deliberative democracy of Habermas and Nino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriel Lima Marques

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available A supremacia judicial pode ser caracterizada como a doutrina que fundamenta a possibilidade da suprema corte dizer, de acordo com a sua visão do texto constitucional, o que a lei é de forma conclusiva. Este trabalho parte do pressuposto de que a teoria da democracia deliberativa, ao postular um modelo de sociedade descentralizado e construído intersubjetivamente por meio de uma discussão aberta entre os distintos atores político-sociais, pode também ser utilizada como uma tese crítica à supremacia judicial. Assim, utilizando-se dos estudos de Gargarella, o presente artigo buscará, com base na visão de democracia deliberativa do autor, demonstrar que a supremacia judicial é prejudicial à democracia, na medida em que retira dos cidadãos a decisão final dos temas sociais mais importantes e os transfere para um poder político supremo.The judicial supremacy can be characterized as the doctrine that underlies the possibility of the supreme court to say, according with its vision of the constitutional text, what the law is conclusively. This paper assumes that the theory of deliberative democracy, by to postulating a decentralized model of society, constructed intersubjectively through an open discussion among the various political and social actors, can also be used as a critical theory to judicial supremacy. Thus, using the Gargarella studies this article will look, based on his vision of deliberative democracy to demonstrate that judicial supremacy is harmful to democracy, because the it removes citizens from the final decision of most important social issues, and transfers them to a supreme political power.

  10. PROCEDURAL INDEPENDENCE OF THE INVESTIGATOR AND JUDICIAL REVIEW OF PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Betsukhov A. Z.

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Judicial review is a necessary and sufficient guarantee of the rights and legitimate interests of participants in criminal proceedings. The only judicial control over the investigation of crimes will expand unreasonably narrowed the boundaries of procedural autonomy and independence of the investigator, will enhance the efficiency, agility pre-trial proceedings. These and other problems were considered by the author from the perspective of theory and practice, as well as in the aggregate of rules of the code of criminal procedure regulating the activities of the investigator

  11. Chastity and Sexual Honesty of Young Women from the Judicial Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Fondevila

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available In this article it is analyzed the way in which the judicial scope has outlined the acceptable sexual behavior of young women in the Mexican society. Since the beginning of the 20th century up to now, the constitutive elements of sexual crimes have served to construct a socially acceptable (moral ideal of sexuality for young people. In this sense, social judgments as much as, judicial decisions agree in defining this ideal under the form of chastity, sexual honesty and purity.

  12. Haciendo memoria de la defensa judicial de la constitución

    OpenAIRE

    Botero Bernal, Andrés

    2013-01-01

    En el presente texto se hace un análisis del concepto de “defensa judicial de la constitución”, para mostrar cómo, la historia constitucional es mucho más compleja de lo que algunos hitos fundacionales de la literatura especializada – Kelsen o Marbury vs. Madison- parecen querer mostrar. Aquí se señalan otros fenómenos jurídicos que igualmente contribuyeron a la formación del control judicial de la constitución.

  13. In the CJEU judges trust: A new approach in the judicial construction of Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mayoral, Juan A.

    2016-01-01

    This articles aims to highlight the relevance of judicial trust in international courts, focusing on national judges’ trust in the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU). EU Scholars have put a great deal of effort into explaining how legal and political factors affect the use of preliminary...... judicial system. A theory is offered in the article, which links national judges’ trust in the CJEU to their corporatist identification, their profile as EU law judge, their attitudes to the European Union and to their beliefs about the CJEU’s ability to provide decisions that: 1) offer a clear guidance...

  14. ATIVISMO JUDICIAL, EFETIVIDADE DOS DIREITOS SOCIAIS E DESENVOLVIMENTO DA DEMOCRACIA NO BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Cabral dos Reis

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available RESUMOTrata-se de artigo que pretende enfatizar as balizas do paradigma do Estado Democrático de Direito, principalmente quanto ao vínculo entre o princípio da solidariedade, a eficácia dos direitos sociais e o desenvolvimento da democracia no Brasil, país que, sabidamente, apesar de figurar entre as grandes economias do mundo, padece de forte quadro de exclusão social. Em decorrência desse fato, bem como do déficit de representatividade popular e descompromisso constitucional por parte dos Poderes Legislativo e Executivo, evidencia-se a atuação do Judiciário quanto à realização de políticas públicas que, na prática, concretizem os direitos humanos previstos na Constituição e nos Tratados Internacionais, rompendo, desse modo, com as discussões abstratas inerentes ao positivismo jurídico.Palavras- chave: Ativismo judicial; Direito sociais; Democracia. JUDICIAL ACTIVISM, EFFECTIVENESS OF SOCIAL RIGHT AND DEVELOPMENT OF DEMOCRACY IN BRAZIL ABSTRACTThe present article intends to emphasize the paradigmatic framewoks of the Democratic State of Law, especially regarding the relations between the Solidarity Principle, social rights effectiveness and democracy development in Brazil, a country which, despite its economical world status, suffers from dramatic social exclusion. Consequently, as well as because of lacking popular representativeness and Constitutional commitment from the Legislative and the Executive Powers, the Judicial Power’s performance draws attention to its public policies realization, which lead to Constitutional and International Treaty based human rights concretization and, therefore, disrupts juridic positivism inherent abstract discussions.Keywords: Judicial activism; Social law; Democracy. SUMÁRIO1. Introdução; 2. Do Estado Liberal ao Estado Democrático de Direito; 3. O princípio da solidariedade, a eficácia dos direitos sociais e a questão da legitimidade do Estado Democrático de Direito; 4. Crise

  15. ADMINISTRATIVE AND JUDICIAL REFORMS IN DAGESTAN IN THE ХIХ CENTURY

    OpenAIRE

    Asma Gadjievna MUSAEVA

    2015-01-01

    The article highlights the studies of the administrative-judicial reforms in Dagestan in the second half of the 19th century. These issues have always been in the centre of scientists’ attention. The studies imply a complex of issues related to the state and political structures on the territory of Dagestan in the first half of the 19th century, the legal system of Dagestan during the whole 19th century, and the administrative-judicial reforms in the second half of the 19th century. Having cu...

  16. An Overview Study of Performance Evaluation of Intellectual Property Administrative and Judicial Protection in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu Xingxiang; Luo Juan

    2015-01-01

    Whether IP Administrative and judicial Protection in China is good or bad depends on the evaluation of protection effects of administrative and judicial organs. In China the evaluation system of IP protection performance consists of evaluation principles, evaluation elements and evaluation methods, evaluation principles includes the principle of designing two sets of indicators, the principle of closely linking with China' s national intellectual property strategy, the principle of openness and flexibility of performance evaluation indicators,the principle of standardability of the determination of performance evaluation indicators; evaluation elements consist of evaluator, evaluation tools and objects evaluated; evaluation methods here refers to the Delphi method and the method of network questionary survey.

  17. Los procesos ante los juzgados de violencia sobre la mujer

    OpenAIRE

    Laguna Pontanilla, Gonzalo

    2015-01-01

    La entrada en vigor de la "Ley Organica 1/2004, de 28 de diciembre, de Medidas de Protección integral contra la Violencia de Género, generó desde su origen graves críticas, a nivel ideológico, dogmático y doctrinal, y una compleja y heterogénea problemática en la práctica judicial que cristalizó en diversas cuestiones interpretativas que plantea la aplicación práctica de la Ley Integral a diario en los proxcesos seguidos ante los juzgados de Violencia sobre la Mujer. La tesis aborda la neces...

  18. Resumen estudios sobre tabaquismo

    OpenAIRE

    Gónzalez, M.M. (M.)

    2009-01-01

    Este documento se realizó para publicar en la página Web de la Gerencia de Atención primaria del Área III. Este documento es una recopilación de estudios sobre tabaquismo. Gerencia de Atención Primaria Área III

  19. Multimedia sobre mantenimiento industrial

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2012-01-01

    ..., entre otras facilidades. Puntualizado, el mantenimiento industrial es una actividad que conserva la calidad del servicio que se presta, y sobre todo en la infraestructura existente en los centros de produccion con optimas condiciones de seguridad, eficiencia y economia. El mantenimiento es de gran importancia, pues sus objetivos son la base para un adecuado f...

  20. Ley sobre Realengos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Historia Social y de la Cultura Anuario Colombiano de

    1983-01-01

    Full Text Available Propuesta y Aprobada por el Senado y la Cámara de Antioquia en el año de 1.812 En nombre del Estado de Antioquia, el Senado y la Cámara de Representantes han decretado lo siguiente: Proyecto de Ley sobre Realengos: …

  1. DELITOS SEXUALES Y PRÁCTICA JUDICIAL EN COLOMBIA: 1870-1900. LOS CASOS DE BOLÍVAR, ANTIOQUIA Y SANTANDER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Wilson Márquez Estrada

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza el fenómeno de las conductas agresivas contra la libertad sexual de la mujer a finales del siglo XIX en Colombia, tipificadas como delitos sexuales, y la forma en que se desarrollaban los procesos judiciales con relación a este tipo de criminalidad. Primero se hace un análisis del concepto de delito sexual y de sus diferentes manifestaciones en la sociedad de finales del siglo XIX colombiano, soportado en el estudio de las tipificaciones de dichos delitos en los códigos penales de la época. Luego se hace un estudio de las características de la práctica judicial y del proceso penal en este tipo de delitos, sobre todo de su relación con la mentalidad religiosa y moral de la época. Después se presentan diferentes casos de agresiones sexuales a finales del siglo XIX, específicamente en Antioquia y Santander. Finalmente se hace una presentación de los informes de las autoridades del Estado Soberano de Bolívar sobre la comisión de delitos sexuales en su territorio.

  2. A escuta de crianças no sistema de justiça Listening to children in the judicial system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leila Brito

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa o direito de a criança ser ouvida em processos judiciais, previsto na Convenção Internacional sobre os Direitos da Criança. Toma-se como ponto de partida debates correntes sobre os conceitos de proteção e responsabilização de crianças. Examina-se, ainda, como diferentes equipes técnicas que atuam junto ao sistema de justiça sustentam suas intervenções com vistas à escuta da criança. Por fim, destaca-se que a fala dos menores de idade vem sendo excessivamente valorizada em algumas causas judiciais e desconsiderada em outras.This article analyzes the child's rights to be heard in the judicial process, foreseen in the Convention of International Rights of the Child. As a starting point, it discusses current debates on the concepts of protection and responsibility of children. Further, it examines different technical approaches, which deal with listening to children within our Juridical System. Finally, the article demonstrates that the statements of children in these situations are over or under considered on judgments.

  3. Incorporación del Tribunal Federal de Justicia Fiscal y Administrativa al Poder Judicial de la Federación Incorporación del Tribunal Federal de Justicia Fiscal y Administrativa al Poder Judicial de la Federación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicente Vázquez Bustos

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The Fiscal Court of the Federation, today Federal Court of Fiscal and Administrative Justice, arises within the Law of Fiscal Justice with vicarial jurisdiction, solving on behalf of the President thru the empowerment that the Law bestows in it, with strong roots in the French administrative right and from the beginning with exclusive jurisdiction on fiscal matters. The evolution and transformation experienced by the Federal Court of Fiscal and Administrative Justice, motivate a deep and profound reflection on its legal nature and the issuing resolutions (among other aspects around the continuous reforms to its own Organic Law, as well as to diverse laws, that have provided it with a permanent new jurisdiction. The idea is to strengthen the Body of Fiscal Justice, analyzing the convenience, the means and the consequences of incorporating it to the Judicial Power of the Federation.El Tribunal Fiscal de la Federación, hoy Tribunal Federal de Justicia Fiscal y Administrativa, surge en la Ley de Justicia Fiscal con jurisdicción delegada, resolviendo en nombre del Ejecutivo Federal por delegación de facultades que la Ley le hace, con fuertes raíces en el derecho administrativo francés y en un inicio con competencia exclusiva sobre la materia fiscal. La evolución y transformación experimentada por el Tribunal Federal de Justicia Fiscal y Administrativa, motiva una profunda reflexión sobre su naturaleza jurídica y las resoluciones que emite (entre otros aspectos atentos al hecho de que las continuas reformas a su propia Ley Orgánica, así como a diversas leyes, le han dotado permanentemente de una “nueva” competencia. Se busca fortalecer al Órgano de Justicia Fiscal, analizando la conveniencia, forma y consecuencias de incorporarlo al Poder Judicial de la Federación.

  4. 41 CFR 102-74.345 - Does the smoking policy in this part apply to the judicial branch?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Does the smoking policy... REGULATION REAL PROPERTY 74-FACILITY MANAGEMENT Facility Management Smoking § 102-74.345 Does the smoking policy in this part apply to the judicial branch? This smoking policy applies to the judicial branch...

  5. Judicial Restraints on the Press. Freedom of Information Foundation Series No. 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillmor, Donald M.

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the current status of freedom of the press with regard to past and present judicial rulings. A section devoted to "The Background of Prior Restraint" examines the historical basis for current legal decisions. In "Threatening Progeny," court decisions unfriendly to the press such as the Reardon Report, the…

  6. 26 CFR 301.6361-2 - Judicial and administrative proceedings; Federal representation of State interests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... supplemental audits or examinations of tax returns by State audit personnel), but all administrative... supplemental audits or examinations of tax returns by State audit personnel shall provide that the audits and... Seizure of Property for Collection of Taxes § 301.6361-2 Judicial and administrative proceedings;...

  7. Soft law in EU Competition Law and its judicial reception in member states : A theoretical perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Georgieva, Z.R.

    2015-01-01

    This work draws from accounts on the nature and legal effects of soft law instruments in EU and international law with the ultimate aim to construct a theoretical framework for recognition of EU competition soft law—guidelines, communications, notices, and the like—in the judicial discourse of

  8. La decisión judicial en el proceso laboral: Génesis, particularidades y mitos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Meliante Garcé

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo fue presentado originalmente, -salvo escasas modificaciones en su contenido y correcciones de sintaxis.- como una ponencia en las "Jornadas de Derecho Laboral y Filosofía del Derecho", celebradas en la Regional Norte, Salto. en el mes de h1ayo del año 2003. A mijuicio, la vigencia y el interés del tema propuesto por los organizadores del evento, así como la circunstancia de encontrarme convencido de que la pertinencia de la opinión vertida constituye un punto de partida válido para una posible reflexión de mayor altura, justificarían aquí, su divulgación.Contenido: Introducción. Las posibilidades de la dialéctica como base de la decisión judicial. La concepción del moderno realismo aristotélico en la versión contemporánea del jusnaturalismo romanista-historicista. La decisión judicial en el ámbito del realismo contemporáneo. Naturaleza y caracteres. El razonamiento judicial. El derecho laboral y la decisión judicial. Las cosas por su nombre

  9. Access the Unified Health System actions and services from the perspective of judicialization1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramos, Raquel de Souza; Gomes, Antonio Marcos Tosoli; de Oliveira, Denize Cristina; Marques, Sergio Corrêa; Spindola, Thelma; Nogueira, Virginia Paiva Figueiredo

    2016-01-01

    Objective: the judicialization of health is incorporated into the daily work of health institutions in Brazil through the court orders for access. In this study, the objective was to describe the contents of the social representations of access, through judicialization, for the health professionals. Method: qualitative study based on Social Representations Theory, involving 40 professionals, at a teaching hospital and at the center for the regulation of beds and procedures in Rio de Janeiro. Forty semistructured interviews were held, to which the thematic-categorical content analysis technique was applied. Results: the health professionals' attitude towards the reality the judicialization imposes is negative, but they acknowledge this resource as necessary in view of the public health crisis. Judicialization is considered a strategy to exercise citizenship that superimposes individual on collective law, increases social inequalities in access and compromises the efficacy of health policies. Conclusion: considering social representation as a determinant of practices, the representations that emerged can contribute to the change of the professionals' practices. Improvements in user care should be promoted, characterized as one of the main challenges to advance in universal access to health. PMID:27143542

  10. Decision or norm: Judicial discretion as a treat to the rule of law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Avramović Dragutin

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Principle of legality and legal certainty, as key notions even of the thinnest concept of rule of law, are largely endangered in our times by widening of judicial discretion range. That trend is more and more at hand in European states as well, due to convergence of common law and civil law legal systems. Judicial decision acquires higher and higher factual importance in European legal systems, although it is generally not considered as a source of law. After analysis of standings by leading scholars of legal realism theory, the author admits that a very high level of tension frequently exists between judicial decision and legal norm. Within that conflict often and relatively easy decision succeeds to tear off by the strict letter of the law. In application of general legal rules upon concrete case, by creative adjustment of the law to life, due to necessary general and abstract character of legal norms, judge becomes more creator of law, rather than the one who applies it. The author points to danger of subjective and prejudiced attitudes of the judges, as they, due to their wide discretion, make a decision more upon their own feeling of justice, rather than upon law itself. In that way the law transforms itself in judicial decision based upon subjective understanding of justice and fairness.

  11. Does Avoiding Judicial Isolation Outweigh the Risks Related to “Professional Death by Facebook”?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen Eltis

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available What happens when judges, in light of their role and responsibilities, and the scrutiny to which they are subjected, fall prey to a condition known as the “online disinhibition effect”? More importantly perhaps, what steps might judges reasonably take in order to pre-empt that fate, proactively addressing judicial social networking and its potential ramification for the administration of justice in the digital age? The immediate purpose of this article is to generate greater awareness of the issues specifically surrounding judicial social networking and to highlight some practical steps that those responsible for judicial training might consider in order to better equip judges for dealing with the exigencies of the digital realm. The focus is on understanding how to first recognize and then mitigate privacy and security risks in order to avoid bringing justice into disrepute through mishaps, and to stave off otherwise preventable incidents. This paper endeavors to provide a very brief overview of the emerging normative framework pertinent to the judicial use of social media, from a comparative perspective, concluding with some more practical (however preliminary recommendations for more prudent and advised ESM use.

  12. Fiscal Justice and Judicial Sovereignty: Plotting the Logic of a Slippery Slope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strike, Kenneth A.

    1984-01-01

    This article takes a philosophical look at judicial concepts of fiscal equality as they apply to education. Ideas discussed include (1) the concept of basic education and how equal education applies; (2) differences in requirements of equality; and (3) educational outcomes used to judge equality. Comments by Stephen Arons are included. (DF)

  13. 42 CFR 405.1804 - Matters not subject to administrative and judicial review under prospective payment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Matters not subject to administrative and judicial... AND DISABLED Provider Reimbursement Determinations and Appeals § 405.1804 Matters not subject to... available for controversies about the following matters: (a) The determination of the requirement, or...

  14. Access the Unified Health System actions and services from the perspective of judicialization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel de Souza Ramos

    Full Text Available Objective: the judicialization of health is incorporated into the daily work of health institutions in Brazil through the court orders for access. In this study, the objective was to describe the contents of the social representations of access, through judicialization, for the health professionals. Method: qualitative study based on Social Representations Theory, involving 40 professionals, at a teaching hospital and at the center for the regulation of beds and procedures in Rio de Janeiro. Forty semistructured interviews were held, to which the thematic-categorical content analysis technique was applied. Results: the health professionals' attitude towards the reality the judicialization imposes is negative, but they acknowledge this resource as necessary in view of the public health crisis. Judicialization is considered a strategy to exercise citizenship that superimposes individual on collective law, increases social inequalities in access and compromises the efficacy of health policies. Conclusion: considering social representation as a determinant of practices, the representations that emerged can contribute to the change of the professionals' practices. Improvements in user care should be promoted, characterized as one of the main challenges to advance in universal access to health.

  15. Influence of Child and Family Factors on Judicial Decisions in Contested Custody Cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wallace, Sara R.; Koerner, Susan Silverberg

    2003-01-01

    Explores how child and family factors influence judicial decision making in contested custody cases through interviews with 18 family court judges. Judges cited a variety of factors as being influential, including the child's age and developmental status, the child's wishes regarding the custody arrangement, the child's stability, parental…

  16. 16 CFR 1101.46 - Other administrative or judicial proceeding exception.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 16 Commercial Practices 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Other administrative or judicial proceeding exception. 1101.46 Section 1101.46 Commercial Practices CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY COMMISSION CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT REGULATIONS INFORMATION DISCLOSURE UNDER SECTION 6(b) OF THE CONSUMER PRODUCT SAFETY ACT Statutory Exceptions of Section 6(b)(4)...

  17. Antonin Scalia’s Textualism in philosophy, theology, and judicial interpretation of the Constitution

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Philipse, Herman

    2007-01-01

    Textualism or Originalism, as defended by Justice Antonin Scalia of the U.S. Supreme Court, is a normative doctrine of method according to which the judicial interpretation of statutes and of the Constitution should aim at establishing the original meaning of the text. Textualism in the strict sense

  18. Antonin Scalia’s Textualism in philosophy, theology, and judicial interpretation of the Constitution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herman Philipse

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Textualism or Originalism, as defended by Justice Antonin Scalia of the U.S. Supreme Court, is a normative doctrine of method according to which the judicial interpretation of statutes and of the Constitution should aim at establishing the original meaning of the text. Textualism in the strict sense is unpopular not only among most judges but also among philosophers and theologians. In philosophy, Textualism was denounced as hopelessly naive by authors such as Martin Heidegger, Hans-Georg Gadamer, and their American followers. In theology, Textualism is not a viable option for believers who want both to accept as true the text of their holy book and to endorse the results of modern science and historical scholarship. I argue that Textualism is the only valid methodology of interpretation both in philosophy and in theology. For the judicial interpretation and application of statutes and constitutions, however, Textualism cannot be more than one methodological topos among many. We also have to accept other topoi, such as the topos that the system of statutes and treatises should form a consistent whole, and these other topoi cannot be considered as part and parcel of Textualism in the strict sense. It follows that the difference between a tenable sophisticated version of Textualism as a methodology of judicial interpretation and the so-called doctrine of the Living Constitution is one of degree and emphasis only. Justice Scalia’s simple version of Textualism is a political ideology rather than a valid methodology of judicial interpretation.

  19. 34 CFR 222.159 - When and where does a party seek judicial review?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false When and where does a party seek judicial review? 222.159 Section 222.159 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education OFFICE OF ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION IMPACT AID PROGRAMS Impact Aid...

  20. Constitutional and Judicial Language Protection in Multilingual States: A Brief Overview of South Africa and Belgium

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    I. Bambust (Isabelle); A. Kruger (Albert); T. Kruger (Thalia)

    2013-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ The purpose of this contribution is to provide a very modest comparison of judicial language protection in South Africa and in Belgium. First of all, the authors sketch briefly the historical context and the constitutional status of languages in both countries. It is di

  1. Education, Social Science, and the Judicial Process. Policy Analysis and Education Series.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rist, Ray C., Ed.; Anson, Ronald J., Ed.

    As courts at the local, state, and federal levels take an increasingly large role in formulating educational policy, serious questions arise about the use of social science data in judicial decision-making. The seven papers in this book were first presented at a symposium focusing on an exploration of the manner in which the definitions of…

  2. Judicious Use of Journal Impact Factors and the Preservation of Our Fields of Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardinal, Bradley J.

    2013-01-01

    This article comments on the judicious use of journal impact factors. It aims to preserve our fields of study within the context of increased scholarly scrutiny and the hierarchical structures inherent in academia. It concludes by recommending actions for "JOPERD," other journals in the field, and the producers and evaluators of…

  3. RITUALITY AS A WAY OF ACTUALIZING THE CATEGORY OF OTHERNESS WITHIN THE JUDICIAL DISCOURSE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bogomazova Viktoriya Vladimirovna

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the rituality as one of the ways of actualizing the category of otherness within the judicial discourse, in general, and the court session, in particular. The author analyzes the relevant features of rituality in the judicial discourse, reveals the categorical connection between the rituality and otherness, the speech means which actualize their interaction. The author gives examples illustrating the actualization of the concept by means of rituality in the texts of court sessions' records. In addition, the author identifies the main communicative strategies and tactics used by the participants of judicial discourse. They serve as a means of expressing the analyzed categories. It is shown that a convict often uses the communicative strategy of self-defense, a defender and/or lawyer – the communicative strategy of defense or psychological impact, the prosecutor often appeals to the strategy of accusation and psychological impact. The author makes conclusion that the ritual character of judicial communication as a whole contributes to the distinction of discourse participants according to the features of "friend" and "enemy" thus actualizing the category of otherness.

  4. Vivir en la calle. El derecho a la vivienda en la jurisprudencia del TSJC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gargarella, Roberto

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available En el artículo se analizan críticamente dos recientes decisiones del Tribunal Superior de Justicia de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires referidos a la política pública seguida por el Poder Ejecutivo local, en relación con el marco habitacional de las personas que viven en “situación de calle”. A través del examen de estas decisiones particulares, los autores reflexionan sobre algunas cuestiones más generales de teoría constitucional, relacionadas con el control judicial en el área de los derechos sociales; el lugar normativo de los pactos internacionales de derechos humanos; y las tensiones entre activismo judicial y democracia.

  5. Abrigo, pobreza e negligência: percursos de judicialização Shelter, poverty and negligence: ways of judicialization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Livia do Nascimento

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho discute a negligência como uma categorização que passa a justificar a intervenção estatal sobre famílias pobres, no que se refere à prática de abrigamento de crianças e adolescentes e como essa prática se instala na lógica de judicialização da vida. Com a emergência do Estatuto da Criança e do Adolescente (ECA, fica interditado abrigar por pobreza. Dessa maneira, a falta de recursos materiais perde força como justificativa, e se implanta um novo estatuto de criminalização da pobreza e de judicialização da vida, que se apoia no desrespeito a direitos estabelecidos na legislação: família negligente. Com esse referencial, a negligência passa a ser produzida como um dispositivo de afirmação da sociedade de segurança, tendo como parâmetro a lógica biopolítica de governo da vida.This work discusses the concept of negligence as a categorisation that justifies the intervention of the State in poor families, through the practice of sheltering children and adolescents. With the emergency of the Child and Adolescent Statute it becomes interdicted to shelter on behalf of poverty. For such, the lack of material resources becomes a weak justification and a new statute of criminalisation of poorness and judicialization of life is implanted, based on the disrespect of the rights established in the legislation: neglectful family. From this reference negligence comes to be produced as a device of affirmation of the society of security, having as parameter the biopolitical logic of the government of life.

  6. Inferencias sobre Grafos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sira M. Allende

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available El estudio de un juego puede ser modelado asumiendo que solo algunas partidas son observadas. Entonces el árbol del juego debe ser estimado utilizando información muestral. Similarmente ocurre al obtener información sobre el comportamiento de las decisiones tomadas por individuos muestreados sobre un árbol de decisión teórico. Al considerar una medida de probabilidad que caracterice el comportamiento de redes aleatorias se puede obtener un estimado del árbol asociado. Este problema es el analizado en este trabajo. Algunos resultados experimentales obtenidos usando Recocido Simulado ilustran el procedimiento. Su papel en el estudio de modelos económicos y de mercadeo es discutido.

  7. Tesis sobre municipalismo libertario

    OpenAIRE

    Bookchin, Murray

    2014-01-01

    Históricamente, la teoría y la práctica social radical se han centrado sobre dos campos de la actividad social humana: el lugar de trabajo y la comunidad. A partir de la creación del Estado-nación y de la Revolución Industrial, la economía ha ido adquiriendo una posición predominante sobre la comunidad; y no sólo en la ideología capitalista, sino también en los diferentes socialismos, libertarios y autoritarios, que han ido apareciendo en el último siglo. Este cambio de posición del socialism...

  8. Escrito sobre el cuerpo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Malalana Ureña

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available El catálogo, en una edición bilingüe español-inglés, es una pequeña guía de la exposición Shirin Neshat. Escrito sobre el cuerpo, muestra que se integra dentro de los actos de PHOTOESPAÑA13, el festival internacional de fotografía y artes visuales. El esquema del libro es sencillo y los textos son extremadamente divulgativos. El primero de ellos, Escrito sobre el cuerpo (pp. 10-15, cuyo autor es Octavio Zaya, comisario de la exposición, resume la trayectoria de esta intelectual, que "interactúa" con la fotografía y los formatos audiovisuales, y nos presenta la argumentación narrativa de los documentos expuestos, contextualizando la obra recopilada.

  9. Public Litigation and the Concept of “Deference” in Judicial Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abraham Klaasen

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The Constitutional Court is the highest court in all constitutional matters and thus decides appeals from other courts in disputes involving natural and juristic persons and the state, including criminal matters, if the matter is a constitutional matter or an issue connected with a decision on a constitutional matter. The Court may hear any matter, if the Constitutional Court grants leave to appeal because the matter raises an arguable point of law of general public importance that ought to be considered by that court. The Constitution makes it clear that courts are independent and subject only to the Constitution and the law. All persons to whom and organs of state to which a court order or decision applies are bound by it. It is important that the courts employ a standard of judicial review that is compatible with constitutional principles and values. The Constitutional Court subscribes to a standard of “deference” in judicial review. This principle recognises the need to protect the institutional character of each of the three arms of government in a manner that will prevent their ability to discharge their constitutional role being undermined. The principle of deference concerns the function of the judge in mediating between the law and legislative and executive politics. Around the world, litigation or judicial review has become immensely popular as a treatment for the pains of modern governance. South Africa is no exception to this phenomenon. This activism by litigation consists of efforts to promote, impede, or direct social, political, economic, or environmental change, or stasis. Organisations and individuals often disregard or distrust the political process and approach the courts to advance their own interest and to protect their own rights. Litigants seek to enforce constitutional principles and values that affect others as directly as them and that are valued for moral or political reasons and are independent of economic

  10. The process of interruption in Spanish judicial contexts. A pragmalinguistic approach / El proceso de interrupción en los contextos judidicales españoles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana Ridao Rodrigo

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: En este artículo nuestros objetivos se basan en analizar los contextos judiciales españoles desde una perspectiva pragmalingüística; más específicamente queremos hacer una contribución a los distintos estudios sobre el fenómeno de la (descortesía, en particular en el proceso de interrupción. El género del interrogatorio judicial se caracteriza por un cambio de hablante muy rápido, por ello creemos interesante analizar este género enfocando nuestra atención en las interrupciones. Así, después de una pequeña introducción, comentamos estudios que están relacionados con este tema y ofrecemos una sistematización de las interrupciones más peculiares que tienen lugar en los contextos legales, basando nuestra argumentación en la taxonomía ofrecida en Bañón (1997. Finalizamos el artículo con una conclusión general: las interrupciones que tienen lugar durante los interrogatorios se consideran más o menos descorteses en función del papel del interruptor.Summary: In this paper our aims are based on the analysis of Spanish judicial contexts from a pragmalinguistic perspective; more specifically we want to make a contribution to the various studies on the phenomenon of (impoliteness, particularly the process of interruption. The genre of judicial interrogation is characterized by a rapid change of speaker, so we believe it interesting to analyse this genre focusing our attention on interruptions. Thus, after a brief introduction, we comment on studies that are related to the topic and we offer a systematization of more peculiar interruptions that take place in legal contexts, basing our argument on Bañón's taxonomy (1997. We end the paper with a general conclusion: Interruptions which occur during interrogations are considered rather rude depending on the role of the interrupter.

  11. The Judicialization of (Separation of Powers Politics: Lessons from Chile La judicialización de la (separación de poderes política: Lecciones de Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Druscilla L. Scribner

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Most analyses of the judicialization of politics focus on judicial policy-making and rights creation; however when judicialization of politics unfolds in a separation of powers political context courts are also involved in distributing power. The task of power delineation among branches of government is different from policy-making or rights adjudication. Judicializing political disputes about power gives courts the opportunity to alter the balance of institutional power, to create stronger executives (or legislatures and a stronger (or weaker role for themselves. To illustrate these points, this article examines how the Chilean Constitutional Tribunal (TC adjudicated a specific type of separation of powers conflict between the Legislature and the Executive from 1990-2005. The analysis of the TC doctrine overtime highlights how the TC has shifted the balance of power in the policy-making process and augmented its influence within the political system. La mayoría de los análisis de la judicialización de la política se centran en la creación judicial de políticas y derechos. Sin embargo, cuando la judicialización de la política se desarrolla en un contexto institucional de separación de poder, los tribunales también están involucrados en la distribución de poder. La tarea de delimitación de poder entre los poderes del Estado es diferente de la formulación de políticas o adjudicación de los derechos. Judicialización de las disputas políticas sobre el poder confiere a los tribunales la oportunidad de alterar el equilibrio de poder institucional, para crear ejecutivos (o legislaturas más fuertes y un papel para los tribunales altos más dinámico (o débil. Para ilustrar estos puntos, este artículo examina cómo el Tribunal Constitucional Chileno (TC adjudicó un tipo de conflicto específico entre los poderes legislativo y ejecutivo desde 1990 hasta 2005. Un análisis de la jurisprudencia “ley vs. reglamento” del Tribunal

  12. 论网络司法公开之度%Theory of Judicial Public Network of Degrees

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙爽; 程鹏

    2016-01-01

    Justice not only to expose, and to be in the right way at the right on the degree and scope of public. Public is to win the judicial credibility in the judiciary, safeguard judicial authority, to the inevitable choice of judicial justice. Public way and degree directly influences the effect of judicial public. The development of network technology, provides the judicial organs to carry out the judicial public events to good technology at the same time also brought challenges, how to combine modern science and technology and perfect the judicial punishment, delimit the scope of judicial public images of justice to win public trust, safeguard judicial justice is an important task to our current.%司法不但要公开,而且要以正确的方式在正确的程度和范围上进行公开。司法公开是赢得司法公信力、维护司法权威、走向司法公正的必然选择。公开的方式和程度直接影响着司法公开的效果。网络技术的发展,为司法机关开展司法公开活动提供了良好的技术手段,同时也带来了各种挑战,如何结合现代化的科技手段完善司法公开方式,划定司法公开范围使司法赢得公众信任、维护司法公正形象,是我们当前面临的重要课题。

  13. Puente sobre el Rin

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    Gortz, Wilhelm

    1961-12-01

    Full Text Available Del total de 35 proyectos presentados al concurso del puente para carretera sobre el Rin, entre Duisburg-Ruhrort y Homberg, sólo dos proposiciones de la Demag fueron consideradas: Una con tablero suspendido por vientos que parten de dos torres, y otra, con suspensión por cables flexibles que se apoyan en dos torres y anclaje en la misma estructura. Por razones netamente estéticas fue elegida la propuesta Demag de puente suspendido por cables, aunque la solución con vientos hubiera sido la más económica, teniendo en cuenta las condiciones existentes.

  14. Excertos sobre o sedentarismo

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandre Palma; Murilo Mariano Vilaça; Monique Ribeiro de Assis

    2014-01-01

    O sedentarismo tem sido tratado como algo perfeitamente determinável, objetivo e, portanto, que pode ser apreendido. Por outro lado, o conceito de sedentarismo ainda permanece questionável e, por conseguinte, os instrumentos mostram-se inconsistentes. Neste sentido, o objetivo do presente estudo foi mostrar que diferentes discursos de verdade vêm concorrendo por esse conceito, o que nos motiva a pensar qual é a verdade ou, até mesmo, se há alguma verdade sobre ele. Após apresentarmos diferent...

  15. Saber sobre la radio

    OpenAIRE

    Mata, María Cristina; Universidad Nacional de Córdoba. Argentina

    1998-01-01

    La autora propone en este artículo repensar los fundamentos sobre los cuales se estructuran las asignaturas y talleres de radio en las escuelas de Comunicación Social en Latinoamérica, con el proposito de romper la escisión  entre teoría/práctica y de no violentar su complejidad: en la radio, entendida como práctica comunicativa, se juega en primer lugar una "red de vinculaciones e intercambios" en condiciones privilegiadas para la dialoguicidad. En un segundo lugar, asociado al desarrollo de...

  16. The Party Members’ Court: judicial control over intraparty disputes in Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier MARTÍN REYES

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Between 1997 and 2003, in a series of relevant cases, the Electoral Court of the Federal Judicial Branch (ECFJB increased its capacity to adjudicate intraparty disputes. This paper explains how the ECFJB, without a supporting legislation, was able to establish a direct and far reaching control over intraparty disputes such as the election of party leaders, the selection of candidates, or the punishment of party members. Following a strategic behavior approach, I will provide empirical evidence to prove that there was a negative correlation between the level of judicial control over the parties’ internal life, on the one hand, and the vulnerability of the ECFJB from the legislature and party leaders, on the other.

  17. The Evaluation of the Practical Implementation of Social Justice by the Judicial System of State

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    Marţian Iovan

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Based on a sociological research, the author of this article aims to identify the beliefs and the attitudes of a group of BA and MA students enrolled in university programs of Juridical Science, regarding their apprehension of the principles of justice - as the central value of the Romanian judicial system. This would contribute to the implementation of justice in the actual Romanian economic, political, and judicial structure. The data analysis provides the necessary information for comprehending the extensions of justice and injustice within the specific social context. A real distance between reality and the political doctrines, and the classical and post-modern philosophical theories of justice as well can be noticed. The resulting conclusions could provide solid settings in order to develop a number of strategies/public policies to shape a more honest society.

  18. Judicial Activism in the Context of the 2011 Egyptian Revolution: Emerging Conceptions of Femininity and Masculinity

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    Monika Lindbekk

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates gender implications of judicial activism within the context of the 2011 revolution. Relying on analysis of a sample of judicial decisions in the field of divorce and child-rearing, I argue that individual judges used the family courts as a platform to articulate alternative legal discourses prior to the 2011 revolution. During the period between February 2011 and the military coup in July 2013 family legislation emerged as a controversial point. The period witnessed the mobilisation of small but vocal fathers’ rights groups that called for a revolution in Egyptian family law and formed strategic alliances with a handful of judges. The latter became members of a legislative committee formed under the presidency of Muhammad Mursi. I investigate the gender implications of their activism against a background where old and new actors and institutions competed over the right to interpret shari’a in an authoritative way.

  19. Enforcer, manager or leader? The judicial role in family violence courts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    King, Michael; Batagol, Becky

    2010-01-01

    Judicial supervision of offenders is an important component of many family violence courts. Skepticism concerning the ability of offenders to reform and a desire to protect victims has led to some judges to use supervision as a form of deterrence. Supervision is also used to hold offenders accountable for following court orders. Some family violence courts apply processes used in drug courts, such as rewards and sanctions, to promote offender rehabilitation. This article suggests that while protection and support of victims should be the prime concern of family violence courts, a form of judging that engages offenders in the development and implementation of solutions for their problems and supports their implementation is more likely to promote their positive behavioral change than other approaches to judicial supervision. The approach to judging proposed in this article draws from therapeutic jurisprudence, feminist theory, transformational leadership and solution-focused brief therapy principles.

  20. Judicial security in the face of final decisions: the tutela against decisions

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    Manuel Fernando Quinche-Ramírez

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This article works with the themes of judicial security and the tutela action against decisions. It seeks to demonstrate two things: the first is that judicial insecurity that seems to occur in Colombia does not have its origins in the decisions emanating from the tutela deciding judges, but in the irregular normative practices of the Congress and the Presidency of the Republic. The second is to examine decisions issued by local judges, from the point of view of the practices of the Inter-American System for the Protection of Human Rights, of which Colombia forms a part and to which, as a result, conforms itself to the American Convention on Human Rights.

  1. Disciplinary Responsibility Of Judges And Judicial Employees In England And Wales

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    Yury M. Filippov

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Present article is devoted to the topical issues of the judges and judicial employees’ disciplinary responsibility in England and Wales after the adoption of the Constitutional Reform Act and creation of the new disciplinary bodies. Present article contains a short analysis of the mechanism of professional and ethical standards among judges and magistrates of England and Wales maintenance, possible conflict of interests settlement and questions of conduct in the need of disciplinary trial. Author consider features of the lord powers - chancellor in the questions of bringing judges and magistrates to the disciplinary responsibility, interaction of the Lord Chancellor with the Lord - Supreme Judge and the Ministry of Justice in the questions of the disciplinary investigations organization and conduct. At the same time author considers an aspect that responsibility before the civil society has an informal character and doesn't assume carrying out any trial. At the same time possibility of judge's and court's employees behavior discussion by public organizations and associations and also in press is a usual practice. In the conclusion author notes that to the number of features of English model of the disciplinary responsibility of judges and judicial employees it is necessary to include active participation of public authorities in the process of trial on the complaints in regard to actions of judges and judicial employees (Ministry of Justice is authorized to conduct such trials, the dual legal nature of such decision on the complaint which is taken out not only on behalf of the judicial community, but also a name of the Lord Chancellor appointed by the Parliament, general procedure of the judge's and worker's of courts, and also coroners accountability.

  2. JUDICIAL ADJUDICATION IN HOUSING RIGHTS IN BRAZIL AND COLOMBIA: A COMPARATIVE PERSPECTIVE

    OpenAIRE

    Valle, Vanice Regina Lírio do

    2014-01-01

    Cooperative constitutionalism is the watchword in the 21st. century, and the creation of a judicial network is an important tool to improve human rights protection. This paper intends to contribute in that field, reporting the constitutional framework and the main decisions held by the Brazilian and the Colombian Constitutional Courts in protecting housing rights. The comparison is justified by the historical proximity in the juridical transition in both countries – 1988 in Brazil and 1991 in...

  3. Procedural and Substantive Judicial Review of the Right to Health in Brazil

    OpenAIRE

    R. Perlingeiro

    2015-01-01

    This text seeks to identify the objective and subjective aspects of rights to an existential minimum in health care, based on international parameters which, because they are restricted to the internal scope of a nation, depend on a constitutional basis and on comprehensible facts, the demonstration of which should be the responsibility of the national administrative authority. Regarding the judicial review of the minimum right to healthcare, this paper points out that it is a serious mistake...

  4. La necesidad de ampliar la tutela cautelar judicial en el proceso contencioso administrativo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Alberto Restrepo-Medina

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available El artículo parte del concepto de seguridad jurídica  y su correlación con las medidas cautelares, para introducirse luego en la especificidad de la tutela cautelar judicial en el proceso contencioso administrativo, mostrar su insuficiencia como mecanismo de protección de los derechos de los accionantes y proponer una solución que considera los aportes efectuados desde el derecho comparado.

  5. Judicial control of legal relations in the sports law - de lege ferenda

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    Dean Vuleta

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The business of Sport is a complex entity in our current society. All participants in the business of sport (Sport Community includings athletes, coaches, managers and facilities providers require legal representation and consideration within the legal framework of the country in which they operate. The participants in the business of sport require civil, labor, criminal, commercial, and judicial regulation in order to maintain the integrity and raise the quality of their sport to a global level. Legislative and judicial authorities have neglected to pursue legislation that provides protection for the progress and development of the Sports Community. Current Sports Law has many gaps and is lacking the standardization which would provide judicial support for Sports Community. Without specific sport legislation there will be a substantial increase in disputes for the violation of subjective rights within the Sports Community. One of the most crucial unsolved questions is how a sport will be protected as an institutionalized and regulated activity from legal abuses in and outside of the specific sport. The Republic of Croatia is still lacking effective and organized judicial power of the quality necessary to protect and support its Sports Community. A solution to this problem is for those with legislative authority to initiate the procedure of forming specialized courts constituted only for trial in conflict situations related to sports conflicts. This excludes criminal offenses for which a prison sentence is determined. This initiative would lead to additional provisions of certain legal acts through necessary amandments, mainly Sports Law, Court Law and Civil Procedure.

  6. Verdad judicial y verdades extrajudiciales: la busqueda de una complementariedad dinamica

    OpenAIRE

    Uprimny Yepes, Rodrigo; Saffon, María Paula

    2013-01-01

    El derecho a la verdad de crímenes atroces ha sido satisfecho de diversas maneras a lo largo de la historia: la verdad judicial, derivada de procesos judiciales; la verdad extrajudicial institucionalizada, cuyo prototipo son las Comisiones de Verdad, y la verdad social no institucionalizada, reconstruida por historiadores, periodistas, literatos y científicos sociales, entre otros. En este texto sostenemos que, dado que cada uno de los mecanismos tiene fortalezas y debilidades particulares, ...

  7. Instituciones políticas y función judicial en Derecho Constitucional comparado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Landau

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Los estudiosos del Derecho Constitucional comparado no han entendido que las diferencias radicales en la configuración de las instituciones políticas influyen en la forma en que las cortes hacen su labor. En este escrito desarrollo una teoría comparada del rol judicial centrada en las diferencias generales del contexto político, en particular de los sistemas de partidos, entre países. Uso un estudio de caso de la Corte Constitucional colombiana (complementado con estudios más breves de las cortes húngara y surafricana para demostrar que las diferencias en las instituciones políticas afectan el rol judicial. Debido a que los partidos colombianos son inestables y tienen escasos vínculos con la sociedad civil, el Congreso tiene dificultades para proponer políticas, supervisar el cumplimiento de las políticas y hacer contrapeso al poder presidencial. La Corte ha respondido asumiendo muchas de esas funciones. Argumento que sus acciones son razonables en el contexto institucional del país, aunque las teorías existentes del rol judicial encontrarían inapropiada esta especie de sustitución del legislativo. La teoría existente que se centra en el carácter antidemocrático de la acción judicial supone una cultura constitucional robusta fuera de las cortes y un cuerpo legislativo que hace un trabajo decente en la representación de la voluntad popular: ambos supuestos tienden a ser falsos en las democracias más nuevas. Los estudiosos del derecho público comparado deben entonces prestar atención al contexto político a fin de construir instrumentos adecuados para evaluar la labor de las cortes en todo el mundo.

  8. La necesidad de ampliar la tutela cautelar judicial en el proceso contencioso administrativo

    OpenAIRE

    Manuel Alberto Restrepo-Medina

    2010-01-01

    El artículo parte del concepto de seguridad jurídica  y su correlación con las medidas cautelares, para introducirse luego en la especificidad de la tutela cautelar judicial en el proceso contencioso administrativo, mostrar su insuficiencia como mecanismo de protección de los derechos de los accionantes y proponer una solución que considera los aportes efectuados desde el derecho comparado.

  9. El procedimiento administrativo disciplinario de la Función Judicial desde la perspectiva constitucional

    OpenAIRE

    Suárez Fernández, María Carolina

    2015-01-01

    La presente investigación académica analiza el procedimiento administrativo disciplinario de la Función Judicial desde el punto de vista constitucional para verificar si en cada una de sus etapas procedimentales se está cumpliendo con las garantías constitucionales del debido proceso y para verificar si los legitimados del procedimiento disciplinario: servidores judiciales sumariados, el órgano administrativo con potestad disciplinaria, los denunciantes, testigos, entre otros, aplican adecuad...

  10. ¿Existe discrecionalidad en la decisión judicial?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Amado, Juan Antonio

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Two different sets of legal theories have denied that judges have any discretion when deciding cases. The first was “naive” formalism as practised in the XIXth century,and more specifically, the exegesis school in France and the conceptual jurisprudence school (Begriffsjurisprudenz in Germany. The second was the “sophisticated” formalism of the late XXth century, which both establishes a connection between law and social morality, and undertakes a moral reading of the constitution so that positive law could offer the one right answer in each case. On its turn, mainstream legal positivism has regarded judicial discretion as an unavoidable and even perhaps desirable consequence of the structural features of any really existing legal order.

    Dos tipos de doctrinas jurídicas han tratado de negar la discrecionalidad judicial: por un lado, el formalismo ingenuo del siglo XIX, propio de la Escuela de la Exégesis, en Francia, y de la Jurisprudencia de Conceptos, en Alemania; por otro lado, el formalismo sofisticado de fines del siglo XX, que primero integra derecho y moral social y, después, moraliza la Constitución positiva para que en el derecho positivo se contenga una única solución correcta para cada caso posible. Por contra, el positivismo jurídico del siglo XX ha visto en la discrecionalidad judicial una consecuencia, tan inevitable como conveniente, de los caracteres de todo sistema jurídico real.

  11. Prioritization of strategies to approach the judicialization of health in Latin America and the Caribbean

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Eduardo Pinzón-Flórez

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE To describe strategies that contribute to the comprehensive approach to the judicialization of health in countries of Latin America and the Caribbean. METHODS A search was structured to identify articles presenting strategies to approach the judicialization of health. A survey was designed, which included actors of the health system and judiciary sector. We prioritized the strategies qualified by more than the 50.0% of the participants as “very relevant”. Strategies were categorized according to: governance, provision of services, human resources, information systems, financing, and medical products. RESULTS We included 64 studies, which identified 50 strategies, related to the sub-functions and components of health systems. Of the 165 people who answered the survey, 80.0% were aged 35-64 years. The distribution of men and women was homogeneous. Half of the respondents were from Colombia (20.0%, Uruguay (16.9%, and Argentina (12.7%. We prioritized strategies that addressed aspects of generation of useful scientific evidence for decision making according to the health needs of the population, empowerment for the society, and creating spaces for discussion of measures of inclusion or exclusion of health technologies. The executive and judiciary decision makers prioritized questions that dealt with strategies that would ensure accountability. CONCLUSIONS The results of this study contribute to the identification of effective strategies to approach the phenomenon of judicialization of health, guaranteeing the right to health.

  12. Temporary brittle bone disease: relationship between clinical findings and judicial outcome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Colin R. Paterson

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available There is a wide differential diagnosis for the child with unexplained fractures including non-accidental injury, osteogenesis imperfecta and vitamin D deficiency rickets. Over the last 20 years we and others have described a self-limiting syndrome characterised by fractures in the first year of life. This has been given the provisional name temporary brittle bone disease. This work had proved controversial mostly because the fractures, including rib fractures and metaphyseal fractures, were those previously regarded as typical or even diagnostic of non-accidental injury. Some have asserted that the condition does not exist. Over the years 1985 to 2000 we investigated 87 such cases with fractures with a view to determining the future care of the children. In 85 of these the judiciary was involved. We examined the clinical and radiological findings in the 33 cases in which there was a judicial finding of abuse, the 24 cases in which the parents were exonerated and the 28 cases in which no formal judicial finding was made. The three groups of patients were similar in terms of demographics, age at fracturing and details of the fractures. The clinical similarities between the three groups of patients contrasts with the very different results of the judicial process.

  13. 论行政裁量的司法审查%Judicial Review of Administrative Discretion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    章红艳

    2015-01-01

    在混乱的裁量观和不当的司法审查强度理念下,司法对行政裁量的“隐匿”审查广泛存在。要解决“隐匿”审查的问题,则应当在裁量观、司法审查标准、审查方式、判决方式等各方面作出努力。当然,该问题的最终解决赖于《行政诉讼法》的修订,而新修改的《行政诉讼法》并没对此作出整体性的规定。%In view of the mess of administrative discretion and the improper concept of the intensity of judicial review, judicial "hidden"review directed at administrative discretion is extensive .To solve the problem regarding the"hidden"review, efforts should be made in terms of administrative discretion , the standard of judicial review , the way of review and the method of making a decision .Of course , the ultimate resolution to this issue depends on the amendment of "Administrative Procedure Law", since the newly revised one does not involve with this integri-ty.

  14. Ceremony and Judicial Construction%仪式与司法建构

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张欣

    2012-01-01

    文章从人类学的仪式理论与实践出发,引入仪式在日常生活和在司法领域的表现及作用,从而阐明仪式对立统一的存在价值。其次,从陪审制度这一现代司法仪式的阻断功能、辅助司法权威功能以及稳定司法功能进行全景式考察,阐述陪审制度借助仪式这一载体而体现的独特价值。%Starting from the ritual theory and practice of anthropology,the article introduces the performance and function of ceremony in daily life and judicial field,and clarifies the value of the unity of opposites of ceremony.Then,the article makes a thorough investigation of the blocking function,the function of assisting judicial authority,and the function of stabilizing the justice of jury system,a modern judicial ceremony,and states the unique value of jury system with ceremony as its carrier.

  15. Execution of the European Arrest Warrant by the Romanian Judicial Authorities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion Rusu

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The unprecedented development of criminality at the social and economical levels, the tendency toglobalize some categories of crimes, of maximum gravity, as terrorism, armament traffic, drug traffic orhuman traffic, have determined the world states to undertake specific measures to prevent, combat and finallyreduce it. The first and most important measure taken by the Europe’s Council, regarding the intensificationof judicial cooperation in criminal matters was the adoption of the European Convention on extradition, inParis on 13 December 1957, completed by the two Additional Protocols in Strasbourg, on 15 October 1975and 17 March 1978. In this context, the release of the Council’s Framework Decision on 13 June 2002 on theEuropean arrest warrant and the procedures of delivery among the member states (2002/584/JAI representeda natural decision, with the purpose of contributing at ensuring a free, secure and just European space. TheEuropean arrest warrant is a judicial decision through which a competent judicial authority of a EuropeanUnion member state solicits the arrest and delivery by another member state, in order to proceed to theprosecution, trial or execution of a penalty or safety measure that is privative of freedom.

  16. LA REFORMA JUDICIAL Y LA BÚSQUEDA DEL ACCESO A LA JUSTICIA EN COLOMBIA

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    José Luis Sánchez Cardona

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This article is a reflective study on judicial reform and the quest for access to justice in Colombia, which aims to expose the importance of access to justice as a fundamental basis for all rule of law. Howe- ver, in countries like Colombia that legitimacy is questioned, because they have not been public policies that focus on removing barriers to access to justice, such as the cost of litigation, excessive forma- lism, lack education rights, geographical limitations, the power of the litigants and other barriers that plague society. These limitations are accentuated with the peculiarities of the Colombian judicial system, as it is the legal patronage and the decline of the state in certain areas of the country to dispense justice, so have become the biggest obstacle to discuss a reform of the justice that focuses on open access to the mostvulnerable persons, necessitating a discussion on the challenges of a comprehensive policy based on the citizen to enter the judicial system.

  17. El Poder Judicial Electrónico en Iberoamérica

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    José Miguel Busquets

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo, presentamos el índice del Poder Judicial Electrónico para 8 países de Iberoamérica, a saber: Argentina, Brasil, Costa Rica, Cuba, Chile, España, Portugal y Uruguay. El índice del Poder Judicial Electrónico tiene como objetivo medir el grado de incorporación de las tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación (TICs en los Poderes Judiciales. El mismo es el resultado de un relevamiento realizado entre abril y agosto de 2013 a informantes calificados, muchos de ellos integrantes de Universidades que pertenecen a la Red LEFIS (Legal Framework for the Information Society. Entre los resultados significativos de esta investigación encontramos: 1 Mientras que las dimensiones de información y gestión del índice son los más desarrollados, las dimensiones de relación y decisión del mismo índice están mucho menos desarrolladas en el conjunto de los 8 países de Iberoamérica estudiados. 2 Con más de un 50% del índice de Poder Judicial Electrónico desarrollado se encuentran Brasil, España, Costa Rica, Portugal, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay y Cuba

  18. Access to treatment for phenylketonuria by judicial means in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trevisan, Luciano Mangueira; Nalin, Tatiele; Tonon, Tassia; Veiga, Lauren Monteiro; Vargas, Paula; Krug, Bárbara Corrêa; Leivas, Paulo Gilberto Cogo; Schwartz, Ida Vanessa Doederlein

    2015-05-01

    Treatment of phenylketonuria (PKU) includes the use of a metabolic formula which should be provided free of charge by the Unified Health System (SUS). This retrospective, observational study sought to characterize judicial channels to obtain PKU treatment in Rio Grande do Sul (RS), Brazil. Lawsuits filed between 2001- 2010 and having as beneficiaries PKU patients requesting treatment for the disease were included. Of 20 lawsuits filed, corresponding to 16.8% of RS patients with PKU, 19 were retrieved for analysis. Of these, only two sought to obtain therapies other than metabolic formula. In all the other 17 cases, prior treatment requests had been granted by the State Department of Health. Defendants included the State (n = 19), the Union (n = 1), and municipalities (n = 4). In 18/19 cases, the courts ruled in favor of the plaintiffs. Violation of the right to health and discontinuation of State-provided treatment were the main reasons for judicial recourse. Unlike other genetic diseases, patients with PKU seek legal remedy to obtain a product already covered by the national pharmaceutical assistance policy, suggesting that management failures are a driving factor for judicialization in Brazil.

  19. Legal sequelae of occupational back injuries: a longitudinal analysis of Missouri judicial records.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tait, Raymond C; Chibnall, John T

    2011-08-01

    Telephone survey and longitudinal analysis of judicial database for cohort of worker's compensation (WC) claimants in Missouri. To compare legal difficulties experienced by African American and white WC claimants presettlement versus postsettlement. Retrospective studies suggest that workers with occupational back injuries experience financial and personal duress after claim settlement. This study examined these issues by comparing financial and domestic court actions for the 5-year presettlement against 5-year postsettlement. Sociodemographic differences also were examined. Missouri judicial records were reviewed for African American (n = 580) and non-Hispanic white (n = 892) WC claimants to determine the frequency with which four types of cases occurred: general financial, domestic financial, residence financial, and domestic behavior. Average annual level of judicial activity during the 5 years before claim settlement was compared to activity for each of five postsettlement years; significance of change was evaluated with univariate and multivariate repeated measures analyses. Statistically significant (P financial and domestic financial cases. A significant interaction between age and time occurred for general financial cases. Significant three-way interactions (race × income change × time) emerged for general and domestic financial cases. The results confirm that workers with occupational back injuries, especially African American and younger adults, encounter long-term financial and domestic duress that appears to escalate with each passing year after claim settlement. This pattern suggests that short-term studies underestimate postsettlement difficulties, particularly among selected demographic cohorts.

  20. El poder judicial venezolano como medio de tutela de los derechos humanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Humberto Ocando Ocando

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza el poder judicial venezolano como medio de tutela de los derechos humanos, en el sentido de determinar si el orden jurídico constitucional interno y la jurisprudencia de nuestro máximo Tribunal Supremo de Justicia han reconocido la operatividad del sistema de justicia como mecanismo de garantía y control del respeto de los derechos humanos, en tanto normas de estricto cumplimiento de principios axiológicos que rigen al poder judicial por parte del Estado venezolano. Se analizan los principios de la actividad jurisdiccional del Estado y los derechos humanos, como derechos subjetivos fundamentales del hombre. Se utiliza el método del análisis documental. Se concluye que el orden constitucional y la jurisprudencia han reconocido la plena operatividad de los derechos humanos, es decir, resultando estos derechos inmediatamente exigibles y objetos de la tutela judicial efectiva y de cumplimiento progresivo por parte del Estado Venezolano.

  1. Divisions of zadrugas between 1827 and 1844: Normative frames and judicial practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kulauzov Maša M.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Regulations and judicial practice regarding divisions of so-called zadrugas (extended families, common among South Slavs during the first reign of Princes Miloš and Mihailo Obrenović are subject of this paper. It is also pointed to nonrecognition of zadruga' s female members rights of successions in judicial practice, as a means of preventing partial dissolutions of patriarchal families. Namely, denial of women' s property rights contributes to preserving wholeness of zadrugas, as women would leave their families after marriage and at that point they would single out their shares in zadruga' s property. In the second half of the 1830s divisions of zadrugas became increasingly common. Attemps that had been made to diminish widespread fragmentation of zadruga' s estate and decrease frequency of dissolution of extended families in legislation and judicial practice are examined in this paper. However, strict punishments could not stop divisions of traditional rural families, as they were in sharp contrast to market economy, prevailing private property and entire social-economic progress in 19th century.

  2. Sobre historia mundial hoy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Weiler

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Los procesos de globalización son una realidad; su enorme impacto sobre la vida humana los ha convertido en un tema recurrente sobre el que se escribe y se comenta a diario también en Colombia. Los libros que de ellos tratan, ante todo los que 10 hacen en tono crítico, baten records en la industria editorial en todo el mundo. Las expectativas que acerca del futuro abrigan cientos de millones de personas se relacionan con 10 que ellas esperan, para bien o para mal, de la globalización. Las posturas que los gobernantes ocupan al respecto en el mundo son, cuando menos de aceptación, generalmente de activa participación en pos de la globalización. Por un lado, crece la preocupación y se multiplican las protestas; por el otro, dominan los razonamientos de los especialistas en materia de maximización de los rendimientos de los capitales que presentan la globalización, al estilo que se viene imponiendo, como el camino ineludible del gobierno universal de la eficiencia. ¿Tienen que decir algo los historiadores frente a todo esto?.

  3. Sobre la tragedia griega

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    Mauricio Vélez Upegui

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Luego de caracterizar la tragedia griega clásica como expresión de un arte ciudadano que participa por igual de un carácter festivo, cierto régimen discursivo y una clara inscripción físico-espacial, el texto se demora en considerar tres aspectos fundamentales de esta forma dramática inventada por los griegos, a saber: una exposición sobre las fuentes orales míticas de las que los autores echan mano para componer la historia de cada una de las piezas que son llevadas a escena al amparo de un espíritu agonal; una explicación del funcionamiento formal de la tragedia, basado en la alternancia de partes cantadas (coro y partes recitadas (héroe; y, finalmente, una acotación sobre el sentido –interno y externo– que la acción dramática posee, en tanto elemento articulador de la trama.

  4. The oral trial and the effective judicial protection: Mismatches of the model established in the Law of Civil Procedure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio José Vélez Toro

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Conciliation, mediation and arbitration are traditional means for the resolution of legal conflicts, which are shaped and promoted as alternatives to the judicial process. Nevertheless, the judicial process, which is the only mean for the resolution of legal conflicts expressly recognized in the Spanish Constitution to exercise the right to an effective judicial protection, is not only the last option to solve the conflict but also the ultimate guarantee of defense against possible breaches occurred within the alternative process chosen. The Spanish juicio verbal (mainly oral and simplified civil procedure in court is the most frequently used procedure in the Spanish Civil and Commercial areas. This is why we intend to approach it from the perspective of the Spanish Constitutional Jurisprudence in order to establish the cases where there is or there has been an impossibility or rejection to exercise the right to an effective judicial protection.

  5. Judicial Districts, Published in 2007, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, Town of Cary NC.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Judicial Districts dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007. Data by this...

  6. The European Judicial Training Network and its Role in the Strategy for the Europeanization of National Judges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Benvenuti

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses the building of a European Judicial Training Framework (EJT, notably the establishment, organization and functioning of the European Judicial Training Network (EJTN. After describing the EJTN and retracing its distinctive features – co-operation, decentralization, complementarity, targeting –, the article underlines its peculiar function within EJT, which reflects the role of EJT itself in the strategy for Europeanization of national judges. It then concludes by pointing out and situating other strategic areas where important synergies with EJT for the purpose of judicial Europeanization can be strengthened, notably enhancement of transnational judicial networks and introduction of knowledge management tools in national systems. The article is based on the analysis of documents and scientific literature as well as on empirical research and semi-structured interviews conducted by the author in 2013 and 2014.

  7. Judicial Districts, Zones Law, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Washington County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Judicial Districts dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as 'Zones...

  8. De un tipo textual memoria: ¿primer documento judicial mestizo en el Perú del siglo XVI?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ofelia Huamanchumo de la Cuba

    2011-01-01

    ... and for pragmaticsstudies. The research also aims to demonstrate that in the Peruvian judicial system of the 16th Century there was a particular type of memoria, modeledby the convergence of the Western way of recording data...

  9. Insecurity in Contemporary Nigeria: Useful Lessons of Judicial Administration in the Old Ondo Province as a Panacea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AFE, Adedayo Emmanuel Ph.D

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The people of Old Ondo Province have for long appreciated the role of stable life as indispensable to the overall growth of the society. To maintain this, the people resorted to modern judicial administration, taking redress in court of justice instead of taking law into their hands. This paper, therefore, examines how judicial administration was a panacea for insecurity in the Old Ondo Province, 1914-1954. The judicial system curtailed gradation of courts which encouraged effective litigation and appeal process. The thesis of this paper is imperative since peace is the bedrock of the survival and development of any nation. This form of judicial process, if applied in contemporary life, would provide the impetus needed to mitigate prevailing security challenges. Primary and secondary sources were used. This paper concludes that the law of any nation that will develop should be humane, supreme and obeyed.

  10. Corrupción en la Rama Judicial: una reflexión

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horacio Escobar Luque

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available ResumenUno de los más dañinos flagelos que azotan nuestrassociedades es la corrupción vista desde diversos ángulosy acciones. Vargas ( solo ve al Poder Judicial como objetode la corrupción, como ente corruptible, mas no comouna institución encargada precisamente de controlar lacorrupción. La única forma eficaz de superar los problemasendémicos de corrupción en nuestros sistemas judicialeses afrontar derechamente las profundas disfuncionesque estos manifiestan que constituyen las reales causasde los serios problemas de corrupción que los aquejan.Klitgaard ( formaliza el fenómeno de la corrupción dela siguiente manera: Corrupción = poder monopólico +arbitrio – responsabilidad. Villoria ( manifiesta que haycasos en que la judicatura no es un obstáculo contra la corrupción,sino un elemento esencial en su reproducción ydesarrollo, siendo un ejemplo de corrupción que contribuyea la deslegitimación del sistema político y corroe loscimientos de la gobernabilidad. Si se analizan, entonces,los problemas de los sistemas judiciales, con el objetivode buscar soluciones a sus altos niveles de corrupción administrativa,nos encontraríamos con: una organizaciónineficaz, la precariedad del empleo, desprecio de la ley,amiguismo, delegaciones, abogados corruptores, silencioy jerarquía judicial cooptada.Palabras clave: Corrupción, Rama Judicial, Monopolio,Amiguismo. AbstractOne of the most damaging scourges afflicting oursocieties corruption is viewed from different angles andactions. Vargas ( only sees the judiciary as an object ofcorruption as corruptible body, not as an institution toprecisely control corruption. The only effective way toovercome the endemic problems of corruption in ourjudicial system is straight addressing the root dysfunctionsthey say they are the real causes of serious corruptionproblems that afflict them. Klitgaard ( formalizesthe phenomenon of corruption as follows: Corruption =monopoly power + discretion

  11. O Poder Judicial na sociedade livre The Judiciary in a free society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Morgado

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Nos dias atuais multiplicam-se as discussões em torno da "crise da justiça". Porém, nas sociedades modernas esta expressão (independentemente do seu conteúdo concreto designa especificamente a crise da justiça democrática e liberal ou, pode-se ainda dizer, a crise do poder judicial na sociedade democrática e liberal. Assim, qualquer discussão acerca da "crise da justiça" parece exigir um enquadramento contextual que ajude a clarificar o lugar ocupado pelo poder judicial em sociedades como as nossas. O propósito deste artigo consiste em contribuir para elucidar qual é, do ponto de vista político e constitucional, esse contexto. A perspectiva da História do Pensamento Político é considerada como a mais útil, na medida em que permite aceder à origem dos fundamentos intelectuais que estruturam não só o poder judicial moderno, mas a sociedade moderna como um todo. Neste artigo, John Locke e Montesquieu aparecem como dois autores incontornáveis por terem dado um contributo indelével para essa dupla estruturação.There is increasing debate about the "crisis of the judiciary", although in modern societies this expression (independent from its concrete content specifically designates the crises of liberal democratic justice, or, it could be said, the crises of the judiciary in liberal and democratic society. Thus, any discussion about the "crisis of the judiciary" appears to demand a contextual framing that helps to clarify the place occupied by the judicial branch in societies such as ours. This article seeks to elucidate this context, from the political and constitutional point of view. The perspective of the History of Political Thinking is considered the most useful, to the degree to which it points to the origin of the intellectual foundation not only of modern judicial power, but of modern society as a whole. In this article, John Locke and Montesquieu are presented as two essential authors because they have made an indelible

  12. Administrative-judicial protection of electoral right: With analysis of the judicature of the Administrative Court of Serbia

    OpenAIRE

    Vučetić, Dejan; Janićijević, Dejan; Ranđelović, Nebojša

    2014-01-01

    The subject of analysis in this paper are regulations that govern the judicial protection of electoral right, especially the cases brought before the Serbian Administrative Court during the parliamentary and local elections of 2012 and 2014, the former of which are remembered by a number of alleged irregularities. We used a standard legal methodological apparatus to analyze the normative framework for administrative and judicial protection of electoral right. The paper analyzes the jurisprude...

  13. RESTRICTION OF RIGHTS OF NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANIZATIONS IN RUSSIA AS A SUBJECT OF JUDICIAL CONTROL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Vinogradova

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the issue of the regulation of the Russian state’s control over the activities of non-governmental organizations and the limits to that control. Important changes made in 2014–2016 in the regulation of the organization and activity of judicial power show that the tasks of transformation of the judicial power structure, establishment of effective control mechanisms and strengthening of the requirements on substantiation of court judgments have become more topical. Addressing this issue and taking it as the subject of study are motivated by the small number of works dealing with this issue. The task of enhancing the effectiveness of the exercise of their powers by public authorities necessitates consideration of special features of judicial control over disputes related to restriction of rights. The adoption of the Administrative Procedure Code of the Russian Federation and the statutory formalization of special features of judicial control with respect to certain non-commercial organizations imply changes in judicial practice related to challenging the decisions made by public authorities. In addition to special procedural features such changes also facilitate the spread in law enforcement practice of legal arrangements like the ‘proportionality test’ and determining the balance between competing constitutional values and conditions of public order observance. The analysis carried out by the author reveals tendencies of improvement in legislative action and allows identification of future lines of improvement in judicial practice.

  14. Sobre multifunciones Fuzzy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renato César Scarparo

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se presentan y demuestran algunos resultados de D.T. Luc y C, Vargas referentes a multifunciones con dominio y blanco en espacios vectoriales topológicos de Hausdorff sobre R, como así mismo se explícita el concepto de multifunción fuzzy de acuerdo a Papageogiou, y se demuestran dos teorema de S. S. Chag, con respecto a las multifunciones fuzzy, proposiciones todas estas, que integran una línea de resultados necesarios para la demostración de desigualdades variacionales para multifunciones fuzzy, a su vez necesarias, para la extensión fuzzy de conocido teorema de Walras.

  15. Sobre el Portugal ilustrado

    OpenAIRE

    Santolaya Heredero, Laura

    1992-01-01

    El mismo título invita a preguntarse, a modo de introducción, en qué consistió la Ilustración en Portugal. Me refiero a las prácticas, sin pretender entrar en un debate filosófico. Desde luego, las prácticas políticas y económicas de los Estados del XVIII poco tuvieron que ver con las ideas de los filósofos de la Ilustración. El fenómeno de la Ilustración se aprovechió de una propaganda anecdótica para hacer suponer a los lectores de libros sobre ella que en los diversos ...

  16. Excertos sobre o sedentarismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Palma

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available O sedentarismo tem sido tratado como algo perfeitamente determinável, objetivo e, portanto, que pode ser apreendido. Por outro lado, o conceito de sedentarismo ainda permanece questionável e, por conseguinte, os instrumentos mostram-se inconsistentes. Neste sentido, o objetivo do presente estudo foi mostrar que diferentes discursos de verdade vêm concorrendo por esse conceito, o que nos motiva a pensar qual é a verdade ou, até mesmo, se há alguma verdade sobre ele. Após apresentarmos diferentes possibilidades de compreender o sedentarismo, através do uso de aforismos, entendemos que postular um discurso como verdade talvez apenas signifique que as pessoas nele creem e que há uma vontade de verdade como uma vontade voltada para o poder.

  17. Notas sobre o marcellismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Sampaio

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Para el salazarismo, la estabilidad consistía en erradicar de la sociedad la elección de alternativas, esto es el conflicto. Ese orden comenzó a desmoronarse sobre todo desde los años 60, como consecuencia de los cambios socioeconómicos y culturales que acentuaban los factores de información y de concurrencia en la sociedad portuguesa. Ante este nuevo panorama, el éxito de Marcelo Caetano sólo era posible mediante un compromiso con los nuevos actores sociales y con las nuevas fuerzas políticas empeñadas en la instauración de la democracia. Sin embargo el Presidente del Consejo no quiso o no pudo asumir ese compromiso, viéndose obligado al cabo de un tiempo a volver sobre sus iniciales pasos aperturistas.The social and political stability under salazarism was contemplated as a result of alternatives choice and conflicts suppression. That order was mainly eroding along the decade of sixteenth as a consequence of social, economic and cultural changes that were accentuating information and concurrence factors in Portuguese society. Facing this new stage, the success of Marcelo Caetano’s reformism was depending on his capacity of commitment with the new social actors and the opposition political forces solidly engage in democratic goal. However, the President wasn’t capable —or wasn’t allowed— to assume this commitment, even reversing after the first hopeful times his initial reformist trends.

  18. Judicial consumerism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B S Bagi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Legal medicine is very essential for practicing dentists so as to protect against public complaints and litigation. This paper briefs about medicolegal jurisprudence and its introduction and promotion among medical professionals.

  19. La palabra de los “naturales” en la justicia. Posibilidades y limitaciones en el análisis de la documentación judicial referida a indígenas (Jujuy, siglo XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Cecilia Oyarzábal

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo se propone establecer variables de análisis en lo que respecta al rol de los indígenas en la documentación judicial colonial. En ese sentido, el corpus principal de análisis lo constituye el Pleito de los indios de Paipaya contra Francisco Salas Valdez (1671 a través del cual vislumbraremos las condiciones de producción del documento, el rol de los mediadores, la distancia cultural o la influencia de las condiciones de subordinación actuantes en el mismo. Consideramos al presente trabajo una aproximación que no pretende ser definitiva, si no abrir un panorama a la reflexión sobre la temática ya que este extenso documento nos brindará elementos de reflexión metodológica y heurística con que abordar el estudio de los indígenas a través de la fuente judicial

  20. Control judicial de la regulación económica en clave de los actos administrativos proferidos por la Comisión de Regulación de Comunicaciones (CRC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camilo Perdomo Villamil

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available En el contexto de los procesos de liberalización y los nuevos regímenes económicos a nivel constitucional, la regulación económica se posicionó como una de las principales actividades de intervención estatal sobre la economía. Esta se concibe como un instrumento técnico, neutral e independiente, diseñado para resolver las fallas del mercado y armonizar objetivos económicos y no económicos, generalmente contrapuestos. Por tanto, la cabida del control judicial es muy cuestionada, evidenciándose choques entre la garantía de acceso a la justicia de los particulares y la competencia técnica de los reguladores. Así, se efectúa un análisis material de los actos proferidos por las autoridades de regulación en clave de la extensión del principio de legalidad, y basado en las funciones asignadas a la CRC según la Ley 1341 de 2009, con el propósito de determinar los marcos, límites y alcances del control judicial.

  1. Factores asociados al suicidio en Panamá según casos realizados en la Morgue Judicial 2011- 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Ruíz Arango

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available El suicidio es un problema de salud pública multifactorial y de graves consecuencias para la sociedad, el cual ha aumentado su incidencia con el devenir de las décadas a nivel mundial. Este estudio tiene como objetivo describir el fenómeno del suicidio desde el punto de vista médico legal en la Morgue Judicial de la provincia de Panamá. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo elaborado a partir de los expedientes de los casos de necropsia de 2011 al 2013, de los mismos se captaron las variables demográficas además de datos del protocolo de necropsia como la causa de muerte y resultados de análisis toxicológicos, finalmente de la hoja de entrevista con los familiares se documentó el motivo que según los familiares llevó a la persona a cometer suicidio. Se evidenció el aumento de la tasa de mortalidad por suicidio, la proporción en cuanto a género es de 3 hombres por 1 mujer. La distribución de suicidio por grupo etario es proporcional en los grupos de jóvenes y adultos. Siendo la edad promedio del suicida de 41 años. Las profesiones técnicas son las más propensas a cometer suicidio. La causa de muerte que predomino en ambos sexos fue la ahorcadura y la razon de cometer suicidio fue sentimental en los hombres y enfermedad cronica en las mujeres. Finalmente la fuente de datos sobre muerte por suicidio obtenido en el ámbito médico legal se constituye una importante herramienta para el análisis de esta condición de forma tal de que disminuya el subregistro ya que a nivel interinstitucional se carece de protocolos y estadísticas publicadas de intentos suicidas y aquellos que logran consumar el suicidio.

  2. Factores sociodemográficos y familiares en menores de España con medida judicial, cívicos e infractores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María de la Villa Moral-Jiménez

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este estudio es analizar factores vinculados a la estructura y funcionalidad familiar, así como de carácter sociodemográfico, relacionados con el comportamiento delictivo en adolescentes. Para ello, seleccionamos aleatoriamente una muestra de escolares (n=118 del Principado de Asturias (España, divididos en dos grupos: cívico (n=87 y comportamiento delictivo (n=31, así como un grupo de adolescentes que cumplen Medida Judicial en Régimen Medio Abierto (n=22. Hallamos diferencias significativas en función de características individuales como edad, género y nivel de estudios, siendo los varones con mayor edad los que presentan más conductas delictivas. La formación académica de la madre, la separación conyugal y la ausencia del padre, son factores influyentes en el desarrollo de comportamientos delictivos que deriven en una sanción penal. Proponemos una discusión sobre las implicaciones de los resultados para la prevención de los comportamientos delictivos en menores.

  3. 新司法改革背景下党领导司法的进阶%The Advancement of the Party's Leadership in Judicial Work under the Background of New Judicial Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨武松

    2015-01-01

    从中国的宪制结构和国家治理的现实情态看,坚持和加强党的领导是新一轮司法改革必须坚持的根本原则.但是,从司法实践看,新一轮司法改革必将对党领导司法的方式形成冲击,倒逼中国共产党从理念认知到领导方式等方面重新诠释党领导司法的意涵,从党领导司法的权力来源、范畴、方式以及革新政法委工作职能等方面,推动党领导司法机制的进阶.%From the perspective of practical modality of Chinese constitutional structure and governance of the country, to adhere to and strengthen the leadership of the party is the fundamental principle of the new round of judicial reform. But in the judicial practice, a new round of judicial reform is bound to form the impact to the leadership of the Party in the judicial. It forced the Communist Party of China reinterpreted the meaning of the Party's leadership in the judicial from the aspect of cognition to the style of leadership. To promote the advancement of judicial mechanism under the leadership of the party from the power source, category, mode of the Party's leadership in the judicial and work function of the reform in Politics and Law Committee.

  4. La ética judicial en la regulación del matrimonio igualitario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso Córdoba Baviera

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumen El presente trabajo tiene una empresa última concretamente establecida que es la de hacer un barrido expositivo y analítico por la apertura del concepto matrimonio a acepciones o realidades hasta principios del siglo XXI jamás planteadas. Esto es, crear un camino de acceso a la institución matrimonial para las uniones entre personas del mismo sexo. En el caso español, objeto de este estudio, se ha dado gracias a la aplicación de la ética judicial por parte de los Magistrados del Tribunal Constitu- cional que, con motivo de la mutación constitucional llevada a cabo por el legislador ordinario, se han visto en la obligación de dar un giro jurisprudencial en atención a las demandas de una sociedad cuya realidad es dinámica y cambiante. Ya el Tribunal Constitucional no ostenta el título de legislador negativo sino que, su función social es mucho más profunda, es el encargado de dar validez y legitimidad a la Constitución. Palabras clave: Matrimonio entre personas del mismo sexo, Ética judicial, Tribunal Constitucional. Abstract The concrete, ultimate aim of this paper is to make an expository and analytical clear-out to open the concept of marriage to meanings or realities never considered until the early twenty-first century. That is, to create an access road to the institution of marriage to unions between people of the same sex. In the case of Spain, the subject of this study, such road has been created thanks to the application of judicial ethics by judges of the Constitutional Court. On the occasion of the constitutional change carried out by the ordinary legislator, they felt the obligation to provide a jurisprudential turn in response to the demands of a society whose reality is dynamic and changing. The Constitutional Court no longer holds the title of negative legislator but rather, with a much deeper social function, it is in charge of conferring validity and legitimacy to the Constitution. Keywords

  5. La privilegiada (pero crucial ) posición del juez en el "Estado Constitucional": una mirada sobre Bolivia

    OpenAIRE

    Talavera Fernández, Pedro Agustín

    2012-01-01

    Los esquemas teóricos tradicionales sobre la función jurisdiccional y la decisión judicial aparecen como inadecuados e incapaces de dar razón de su nuevo marco de actuación en el Estado constitucional. Los 'operadores jurídicos' se sorprenden ante la prevalencia de valores superiores y principios constitucionales frente a la propia ley; y tampoco encajan fácilmente la amplia discrecionalidad que este modelo otorga a los jueces, hasta ahora sometidos al procedimiento mecánico de la subsunción....

  6. Sobre la muerte voluntaria

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    Juan Álvarez-Cienfuegos Fidalgo

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available El problema de cómo morir en nuestra sociedad se ha convertido en una inquietud para los ciudadanos y la reflexión moral. Especialmcnte por dos razones: por el desarrollo de la tecnología médica y por el hecho de que la mayor parte de los fallecimientos tienen lugar fuera del hogar, donde tradicionalmente ocurra el deceso. El presente artículo tiene como objetivo acercarse a esta cuestión. Para ello, se parte de la autonomía del ciudadano, con derecho a decidir sobre lo que considera cuál sea su manera de vivir y de morir. A tal fin, se hace una breve introducción sobre el dolor, el suicidio y la muerte, desde un punto de vista antropológico, pasando, después, a mostrar las cuestiones relacionadas con el problema de la eutanasia, donde la atención se dirigirá, ante todo, al enjuiciamiento crítico del tenso equilibrio en el que se mantienen dos principios fundamentales de la bioética: el de no maleficencia y el de autonomía del ciudadano.The problem of how to die in modern society has become a concern for both the citizen and moral reflection for two reasons in particular: due to developments in medical technology, and because most deaths occur outside the honre, where they traditionaÍlY took place. This paper addresses this issue, starting from citizen autonomy, the right to decide on what s/he considers to be his or her way of living and dying. To this end, a brief introduction considers pain, suicide and death from an anthropological viewpoint. Questions related to the problem of euthanasia are then exposed, with particular attention to, above all the critical judgement of the tense balance in which two fundamental principies of bioethics are held, the principle of non-maleficence and that of citizen autonomy.

  7. The Issuance and Transmission of a European Arrest Warrant by the Romanian Judicial Authorities

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    Ion Rusu

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The European arrest warrant is the most important form of judicial cooperation in penal matters within the European Union, which is based on the mutual recognition of criminal judgments. The Europeanlegislative act that governs the institution is the Framework Decision no. 2002/584/JHA of 13 July 2002 on the European arrest warrant and the surrender procedures between Member States, amended and supplemented by the Council Framework Decision of 2009/299/JAI February 26, 2009. Although the first piece of the European legislative act has been transposed into our legislation by the Law no. 302/2004 on international judicial cooperation in criminal matters, with subsequent amendments, the modifying normativeact has not been transposed into national law. The research conducted on the depositions of special law and of the European legislative act, and especially on their implications in the internal and European judiciary practice, demonstrates the existence of some incomplete stipulations, secures the workability of the issuing,transmission and identification, pursuing and handing over the persons wanted by the Romanian judicial authorities in the Member States. A very special situation which is determined by the omission of national and EU legislator, in order to include the category of the persons submitted to the handing over and the minors against whom it was applied an educational and a deprivation of liberty measure, a situation which leads directly to the non execution of such sanctions of the minors. The originality of the work consists of the critical observation and also the proposals of lege ferenda which covers both the Romanian special law and also the European legislative act. At the same time the critical observations are useful not only for Romanian legislator who intends to supplement and modify the special law, but also for our doctrine.

  8. Estudio comparado del Poder Judicial Electrónico en Iberoamérica, 2013

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    José Miguel Busquets

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo, presentamos el índice del Poder Judicial Electrónico para 8 países de Iberoamérica, a saber: Argentina, Brasil, Costa Rica, Cuba, Chile, España, Portugal y Uruguay. El índice de Poder Judicial Electrónico tiene como objetivo medir el grado de incorporación de las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación (TICs en los Poderes Judiciales. El mismo es el resultado de un relevamiento realizado entre abril y agosto de 2013 a informantes calificados, muchos de ellos integrantes de Universidades que pertenecen a la Red LEFIS (Legal Framework for the Information Society. Entre los resultados significativos de esta investigación encontramos:1 Mientras que las dimensiones de información y gestión del índice son las más desarrolladas, las dimensiones de relación y decisión del mismo índice están mucho menos desarrolladas en el conjunto de los 8 países de Iberoamérica estudiados.2 Con más de un 50 % del índice de Poder Judicial Electrónico desarrollado se encuentran 7 países o sea más de la mitad de los países. De los cuales y en orden decreciente se encuentran Brasil, España, Costa Rica, Portugal, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay y Cuba.

  9. Debate sobre el parto (normal).

    OpenAIRE

    Vidal Puèrtolas, Adela

    2008-01-01

    El artículo pretende una reflexión sobre la asistencia al parto, desde el punto de vista de una comadrona. A raíz de la apuesta oficial sobre el cómo para humanizar la asistencia obstétrica hospitalaria, se plantea un análisis de las implicaciones profesionales y los matices culturales que influyen sobre la vivencia de la experiencia del parto. La importancia de la psico-profilaxis en la preparación al parto como vehículo terapéutico de acercamiento a la realidad y de ...

  10. Judicial mediation in the opinion of minors who manifest and experience violence

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    Agnieszka Lewicka-Zelent

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Mediation proceedings in juvenile cases are held with the participation of the youth infringing legal norms. They provide compensation to the victims, and at the same time avoid placement in social rehabilitation facilities, as well as obtain forgiveness, and decrease the level of shame and guilt. The aim of the studies was to learn the opinions of minors on the subject of judicial mediation. Hence, minor boys from the Probation Centre No. 3 in Świdnik were subject to these studies. The “A” and “O” scales of K. Kmiecik-Baran and questionnaire of own work on the subject of mediation were used.

  11. Gobierno electrónico: posibilidades en el ámbito judicial

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    José Julio Fernández Rodríguez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo aborda, en primer lugar, las fortalezas y debilidades del e-gobierno desde elpunto de vista de la actividad judicial. Tras ello se esquematiza la metodología que se podría seguir para su concreto desarrollo. La segunda parte del artículo examina la reciente ley española que regula del uso de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación en la Administraciónde Justicia. Se trata de una ley ambiciosay sistemática, pero cuya aplicación puede verse retrasada por restricciones presupuestarias.

  12. Understanding the Service Quality Perception Gaps between Judicial Servants and Judiciary Users

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    Rodrigo Murillo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Judiciary service user expectations are usually not the same as ideas harbored in the minds of civil servants delivering such services. This discrepancy matches the definition of the service delivery GAP 1, as identified and assessed by SERVQUAL (Service Quality, a tool that for almost three decades has been employed worldwide in measuring service quality in many different industries and countries, in both private and public organizations. Through participant observation, semi-structured interviews and empirical data collected by SERVQUAL, this paper focuses on assessing this service delivery GAP 1 for the Second Court of Appeal within Costa Rica’s Judicial Branch.

  13. Principles of judicious antibiotic prescribing for upper respiratory tract infections in pediatrics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hersh, Adam L; Jackson, Mary Anne; Hicks, Lauri A

    2013-12-01

    Most upper respiratory tract infections are caused by viruses and require no antibiotics. This clinical report focuses on antibiotic prescribing strategies for bacterial upper respiratory tract infections, including acute otitis media, acute bacterial sinusitis, and streptococcal pharyngitis. The principles for judicious antibiotic prescribing that are outlined focus on applying stringent diagnostic criteria, weighing the benefits and harms of antibiotic therapy, and understanding situations when antibiotics may not be indicated. The principles can be used to amplify messages from recent clinical guidelines for local guideline development and for patient communication; they are broadly applicable to antibiotic prescribing in general.

  14. La posición constitucional del poder judicial en Bolivia

    OpenAIRE

    Andaluz Vegacenteno,Horacio

    2011-01-01

    En el Estado de Derecho, el poder judicial se posiciona a la par de los poderes legislativo y ejecutivo. Esto lo consigue a través de su independencia. Este artículo explica eso desde el punto de vista doctrinal y lo aplica al análisis de la regulación en la materia en la Constitución de Bolivia de 2009. In the Rule of Law the judiciary power is positioned on the same level than the legislative and executive powers. This is so because of its independence. This article ex...

  15. La reforma judicial en el contexto de la reforma del estado peruano

    OpenAIRE

    Bermúdez Tapia, Manuel

    2007-01-01

    La Constitución de 1993, en forma implícita ha determinado que el Poder Judicial (PJ), Ministerio Público (MP), Tribunal Constitucional (TC), Consejo Nacional de la Magistratura (CNM), Academia de la Magistratura (AMAG) y Jurado Nacional de Elecciones (JNE) formen parte de un Sistema de impartición de Justicia. Sistema que en las actuales circunstancias, producto a actos de corrupción generalizado que encontraron una salida de escape con la captura del Vocal Supremo Provisional Eduardo Pa...

  16. The Indultados of Tescua: Criminal Rebellion and Judicial Reckoning during the War of the Supremes

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    JOSHUA M ROSENTHAL

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1841 the public of Bogotá followed the trial of 22 prisoners charged with the crime of rebellion during the War of the Supremes. Captured while serving as officers at the battle of Tescua, the accused claimed they had been forced to serve in the rebel army. This excuse was ignored and 21 of the defendants were sentenced to death, only to be spared by decrees of indulto in the following months. This article examines the logic behind such judicial reckoning, the narrative strategies employed by the accused in their defense, and the meaning of clemency in the early republic.

  17. Competencias del actuario del poder judicial federal en México: una perspectiva administrativa

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Blas Arriaga Huerta; Fernando Lámbarry Vilchis; Luis Arturo Rivas Tovar

    2014-01-01

    El perfil por competencias establecido por el Consejo de la Judicatura Federal de México para el cargo de actuario judicial (quien funge como auxiliar de magistrados y jueces) tiene una definición incipiente que limita una eventual gestión de su función jurisdiccional. Con el interés de aportar a la resolución de esta problemática, el objetivo de este trabajo de investigación es proponer un modelo del perfil por competencias de los actuarios judiciales de tribunal de circuito y juzgado de dis...

  18. THE ITALIAN WAY TO ANTITRUST JUDICIAL REVIEW: A FEW ODDITIES OF THE PFIZER CASE

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    Cristoforo Osti

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The note deals with the Pfizer case, where the pharmaceutical company was condemned for an abuse of dominant position relating to otherwise lawful patent practices which, in the Authority's representation, had delayed without merit entry by generic producers. The note takes this opportunity to comment on the system of judicial review of the Italian Competition Authority's antitrust decisions, comparing it with the equivalent system at the EU level. The note also reviews more in-depth the judgment with reference to both those areas where the Court decided to take a specific position and in those where it omitted doing so.

  19. Member States’ liability for judicial error resulting in breaches of European Union Law

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    Neamt Valentin Paul

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the remedies available to persons whose European law rights have been infringed by judgments given by national Courts. The paper firsts presents the concept of state liability for judicial errors in relation to European law, as it stems from the case-law of the Court of Justice of the European Union, then goes on to show how the European Court of Human Rights may give redress to such aggrieved parties. Finally, it discusses the differences in the possibility of redress given by the two courts and the compatibility between their approaches, finally leading to a discussion on the possible convergence of the two.

  20. The Indultados of Tescua: Criminal Rebellion and Judicial Reckoning during the War of the Supremes

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    Joshua M. Rosenthal

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In 1841 the public of Bogota followed the trial of 22 prisoners charged with the crime of rebellion during the War of the Supremes. Captured while serving as officers at the battle of Tescua, the accused claimed they had been forced to serve in the rebel army. This excuse was ignored and 21 of the defendants were sentenced to death, only to be spared by decrees of indulto in the following months. This article examines the logic behind such judicial reckoning, the narrative strategies employed by the accused in their defense, and the meaning of clemency in the early republic.

  1. Instituciones políticas y función judicial en derecho constitucional comparado

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Los estudiosos del derecho constitucional comparado no han entendido que las diferencias radicales en la configuración de las instituciones políticas influyen en la forma en que las Cortes realizan su labor. En este escrito desarrollo una teoría comparada del rol judicial centrada en las diferencias generales del contexto político, en particular de los sistemas de partidos, entre países. Uso un estudio de caso de la Corte Constitucional colombiana (complementado con estudios más breves de las...

  2. Puente sobre el Maracaibo

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    Equipo Editorial

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Para salvar el lago de Maracaibo (Venezuela, el conocido ingeniero italiano Riccaido Morandi ha presentado un proyecto de puente para ferrocarril y carretera, de hormigón pretensado, de tramos independientes, constituyendo un sistema Gerber, que tiene una longitud total de 8.720 m y un vano central de 400 m de luz. Este último tramo, en unión de los dos adyacentes al mismo, constituirán, una vez terminada la obra, un conjunto continuo. El tablero del puente se halla a una altura de 45 m sobre el nivel del agua en la zona del canal, con objeto de permitir la navegación. El tablero, de 20,90 m de anchura total, se ha subdividido en tres partes, dos simétricas respecto al eje, laterales, de 7,20 m de anchura, para la circulación en sentidos opuestos por carretera, una plataforma central, de 5 m de ancho, para el ferrocarril y dos andenes para el paso de peatones y servicios.

  3. Debate internacional sobre pobreza

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    Neritza Alvarado Chacín

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo del artículo es organizar la proliferación de ideas en torno de la pobreza, a menudo dispersas, difusas y confusas en la literatura, bosquejando sistematizadamente un marco teórico referencial útil al abordaje científico de este fenómeno, en investigaciones teóricas y aplicadas, así como en la enseñanza y discusión de tales temas en el ámbito universitario. Para ello, se compendian, organizan y clasifican diversos enfoques sobre la pobreza, según los criterios presentes en los planteamientos de autores e instituciones relevantes que han contribuido a la reflexión desde distintas lecturas, teniendo en cuenta que no existe consenso en torno a una definición. La investigación es exploratoria-documental. Se aplican las técnicas del arqueo electrónico y físico de la información, el fichaje computarizado y la reducción de la misma en tablas de contenido. Se precisa el alcance de las mismas en el tiempo, según la evolución conceptual que han experimentado en el debate internacional. Se señalan algunas ventajas y desventajas de los principales enfoques, que han sido reconocidas en el mismo debate.

  4. Sobre el nombre "Quechua"

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    Rodolfo Cerrón-Palomino

    1985-06-01

    Full Text Available Uno de los primeros problemas con el que a menudo tropiezael estudioso de los idiomas ágrafos, como es el caso de las lenguasaborígenes de América, es el de su denominación (glotónimo.En la medida ,en que, por razones históricas, las noticias sobretales lenguas, y por consiguiente los primeros estudios sobre lasmismas, surgen a partir del contacto con los miembros de la civilización occidental, los nombres de los distintos idiomas, así comode los grupos étnicos que los manejan, son el resultado casi siempre arbitrario cie designaciones fortuitas hechas por viajeros, misiioneros y exploradores, quienes por lo general se basan, para ello, bien en descripciones físicas de los grupo étnicos, en ciertos indios geográficos que constituyen el habitat de los mismos, e incluso en prejuicios que se nutren de un marcado europocentrismo.

  5. Reforming of the Judicial System of Kosovo based on the Law no. 03/L-199 on Courts and its challenges

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    Dr.Sc. Azem Hajdari

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Law no. 03/L-199 on Courts1 represents a law of significant importance which regulates the organisation, functioning and jurisdiction of courts of the Republic of Kosovo. This law has made numerous reforms in the judicial system of the country. It has set the bases of a modern and sustainable judicial system. In fact the Law on Courts in addition to having changed the judiciary of Kosovo in the aspect of organisation, it has opened the paths in the aspect of ensuring an efficient functioning thereof. Moreover, this law has repealed the application of the Law of former SAP of Kosovo on Regular Courts which in some aspects did not correspond to the trends of contemporary developments in this field. Law on Courts in its solutions embeds the bases of an independent and impartial justice, further on being multiethnic, non-discriminatory, efficient and in principle having an advanced approach of the opportunity for the public opinion to follow the judicial activities. Consequently, within this work, the background of the development of judicial system in Kosovo shall be discussed, some aspects of its reforming and challenges currently the judicial system of the country faces. In the course of preparation of this work, legal-historical method has been applied, the dogmatic method too, method of comparison and the method of analysis and synthesis. Through the legal-historical method, the manner of organisation and activity of the judicial system in Kosovo has been reflected covering the time of Turkish rule up to 2013 basing it on the laws and the Albanian customary law. The dogmatic method has helped on reflecting the manner of organisation and activity of the judicial system in Kosovo, viewing it in the context of regulating these matters through the Law on Courts presently applicable.The comparative method has reflected the features of the new judicial system in Kosovo and a comparison has been undertaken to the characteristics of earlier judicial

  6. An Irresistible Inheritance: Republican Judicial Modernization and Its Legacies to the People’s Republic of China

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    Glenn Tiffert

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Commentators have long treated the Republican and People’s Republic of China (PRC judicial systems in nearly hermetic isolation from each other. Yet it is impossible to grasp fully the history of the PRC judicial system independent of its Republican heritage, and to decouple the two is therefore to foreclose critical avenues of understanding. As a step toward repairing that rupture, this paper specifies the configurations and distributions of courts, as well as the discourses of judicial malaise and reform that the Republican period deposited on the doorstep of the PRC. It establishes the necessary empirical foundation from which to appreciate the institutional deficits and imbalances, developmental dilemmas, and normative discourses that confronted Chinese Communist Party (CCP judicial planners in 1949, and it equips the reader to understand the planners’ responses—not just through the lens of ideology but also as reasoned reactions to concrete, practical problems. Additionally, this paper suggests that memory of the Republican judicial system served as a repository of value from which to shape, assess, and comprehend law’s fate in the PRC.

  7. Systemic interpretation and the judicial recovery of the possibility for companies in common

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    Juliana Hinterlang dos Santos Costa

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The Company in common was introduced by Brazilian law from the Civil Code of 2002 in its articles 986 to 990. In the previous period it was analyzed from the irregular company name or company and fact. The first was characterized by having written contract, but this was not brought to registration with the competent body and the second when there was no social contract. This study aims to analyze the figure of the Company in common, in the current legal system, from the majority interpretation that does not recognize the right to judicial recovery. It points out that this interpretation ignores: i principles governing the legal system and the economic subsystem; and ii that the current legislation allows their accountability before legal duties in labor spheres, tax, competitive and consumer. Under these main arguments is that they have highlighted the systematic interpretation to defend the right to judicial or extrajudicial recovery. So effective is legal certainty material.    Arraste e solte o arquivo ou link aqui para traduzir o documento ou a página da Web.Arraste e solte o link aqui para traduzir a página da Web.O tipo de arquivo que você soltou não é suportado. Tente outros tipos de arquivo.O tipo de link que você soltou não é suportado. Tente outros tipos de link. 

  8. Legal Terms Used in Reception Order and their Relevance to Judicial Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Subramanian, Nakkeerar; Ramanathan, Rajkumar; Kumar, Venkatesh Madhan; Chellappan, Dhanabalan Kalingarayan Palayam; Ramasamy, Jeyaprakash

    2016-01-01

    Introduction: Law governs the admission and management of involuntary admissions of mentally ill persons who are admitted under the provisions of the mental health act. The court directs the doctor to take charge of such persons. In the further dealings of such person the medical officer of the psychiatric facility comes across legal terms, which require understanding so that patients could be dealt with properly. Various terms such as accused, under police custody, judicial custody, remand prisoner, or under trial prisoner are used to denote their legal status. It is imperative for the medical officer to understand the nuances in the meanings of these terms. There are many times when the relevant section under which the admission is ordered is not found in the reception order. In these cases the terminology by which the patient is mentioned throws a light on the status of the patient. Towards this aim a study was carried out to assess the awareness and understanding of such terms by the faculty and post- graduates of a tertiary care hospital that deals with the admission and care of such patients. Method: They were administered a questionnaire containing these terms and asked to provide the meaning of these terms. Results: The results showed that nearly half the faculty and students were not having clarity in awareness or understanding of the terms. Discussion: Hence these terms and their meanings were gleaned from various judgments. The proper meaning of these terms and their use in judicial process and their importance is discussed. PMID:27833226

  9. Separate and Unequal: Judicial Culture, Employment Qualifications and Muslim Headscarf Debates

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    Joyce Marie Mushaben

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Few European lawmakers have analyzed the implications of Muslim headscarf bans for equal employment opportunity. EU anti-discrimination directives suggest that contradictory member-state approaches will eventually invoke a judicial Community response at national expense. Drawing on the bona fide occupational qualification (BFOQ standard, this study compares the “judicial cultures” of the U.S. Supreme Court, the German Constitutional Court, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR and the European Court of Justice (ECJ. It argues that while the ECJ initially invoked Roman law precepts shared by a majority of its member-states through the 1980s, it has come to embrace Anglo-American norms stressing individual freedoms over state interests. Given their strong support for equal treatment and social inclusion, EU justices will be more likely than member-state or ECHR judges to overturn existing bans on hejab at the workplace, once such a case makes its way onto the ECJ docket.

  10. Governança judicial: proposta de modelo teórico-metodológico

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    Luiz Akutsu

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Governança judicial é um conceito multifacetado, pouco explorado na literatura, e são raros os estudos desse tema com dados empíricos que analisem as variáveis que o influenciam. Este artigo tem como objetivo propor um modelo teórico-metodológico de governança judicial, cuja aplicação futura permita a coleta de dados para descrever e avaliar a validade da relação entre os construtos e variáveis que o compõem em cada contexto. Premissas da teoria da agência e da teoria de custos de transação, dirigidas originalmente para empresas, foram transpostas para elaboração do modelo. Os procedimentos de coleta de dados incluíram análise documental e realização de 10 entrevistas. O modelo proposto inclui a sistematização de sete construtos teóricos - accountability; acessibilidade; independência; recursos e estrutura; práticas de governança; ambiente institucional; desempenho - e variáveis componentes desses construtos.

  11. La relevancia de la custodia de la evidencia en la investigación judicial

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    Federico Campos

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available La cadena custodia de la evidencia en la Investigación Judicial es indispensable y debe garantizarse en todo momento a fin de que la búsqueda de la verdad real de un hecho delictivo no quede convertida en prueba espurea o ilícita por una actividad procesal defectuosa. En el presente ensayo se hace un generoso esfuerzo por poner juntas todas las normas y legislaciones que tienen como fin dar garantía científica plena de lo analizado.The custody chain of the evidence in the Judicial lnvestigation is indispensable and must be garantied at all times with the purpose of ensuring the investigation of the truth in a delictive act will not turn into an ilegal proof because of a defective procesal activity. In this essay we make a generous effort to put together all the laws and rules that have something to give plain cientific guarante of the investigated situation.

  12. The fallibility of memory in judicial processes: lessons from the past and their modern consequences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howe, Mark L; Knott, Lauren M

    2015-01-01

    The capability of adult and child witnesses to accurately recollect events from the past and provide reliable testimony has been hotly debated for more than 100 years. Prominent legal cases of the 1980s and 1990s sparked lengthy debates and important research questions surrounding the fallibility and general reliability of memory. But what lessons have we learned, some 35 years later, about the role of memory in the judicial system? In this review, we focus on what we now know about the consequences of the fallibility of memory for legal proceedings. We present a brief historical overview of false memories that focuses on three critical forensic areas that changed memory research: children as eyewitnesses, historic sexual abuse and eyewitness (mis)identification. We revisit some of the prominent trials of the 1980s and 1990s to not only consider the role false memories have played in judicial decisions, but also to see how this has helped us understand memory today. Finally, we consider the way in which the research on memory (true and false) has been successfully integrated into some courtroom procedures.

  13. ADMINISTRATIVE AND JUDICIAL REFORMS IN DAGESTAN IN THE ХIХ CENTURY

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    Asma Gadjievna MUSAEVA

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article highlights the studies of the administrative-judicial reforms in Dagestan in the second half of the 19th century. These issues have always been in the centre of scientists’ attention. The studies imply a complex of issues related to the state and political structures on the territory of Dagestan in the first half of the 19th century, the legal system of Dagestan during the whole 19th century, and the administrative-judicial reforms in the second half of the 19th century. Having curbed the mountaineers as a result of more than 30 years of bloody war, the tsarist government had to seek ways and methods of their involvement in the system of political, administrative, economic and cultural life of the Russian Empire. Thus, the Russian government adopted the decision on forming a new administrative entity the Dagestan region (oblast, with the so called “military-folk” governance. Though it was introduced in Dagestan as a temporary form of governance, it existed until the overthrow of tsarism in 1917. 

  14. Precedente judicial y administrativo en la regulación económica colombiana

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    Luis Ferney Moreno

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Sin desconocer la vigencia e importancia de la doctrina probable, desde la promulgación de la Constitución de 1991 el ordenamiento jurídico colombiano, de marcada tradición romano-francesa, empezó a experimentar una aproximación hacia los sistemas de derecho anglosajón, gracias a la labor interpretativa de la Corte Constitucional. Así, a partir de la rígida aplicación de la ley por parte del juez se empezó a abrir camino la aplicación de la teoría del precedente, primero en materia judicial y luego en materia administrativa. Paralelo a esto, en la década de 1990 Colombia emprendió un programa de apertura económica que consagró el modelo de Estado mixto, dentro del cual coexiste la libertad económica con la regulación. De esta manera, la evolución de las fuentes del derecho nacional, aunada a la consagración de un Estado regulador que interviene en la economía, puso de presente el sometimiento de las autoridades administrativas de regulación al precedente judicial y administrativo.

  15. NOTARY PROCEDURE AND JUDICIAL PROCEDURE FOR THE DIVORCE WITH SPOUSES’ AGREEMENT

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    ANDREEA DIANA PAPA

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Compared to the old divorce procedures, the dissolution of marriage analysed according to the provisions of the New Civil Code (art.373-404 and the New Code of Civil Procedure (914-934 represents a real legislative innovation. Taking into consideration the judicial procedure, the legislator settles the amicable divorce, referring to spouses’ consent on the divorce, as well as to the divorce caused by one of the spouses’ poor health, and the divorce through no fault of their own. According to the new legal matters, the dissolution of marriage does not come exclusively under court jurisdiction. Thus, as far as the amicable divorce is concerned, even if the spouses have minor children, either of their own or adopted, they have at their disposal not only the judicial procedure, but also the notarial one. If the spouses do not have minor children, they can go to court, but they can also go to the notary public or to the registrar in order to certify the dissolution of marriage of their own accord. The legislator’s preference of the amicable divorce is obvious, especially as the dissolution of marriage of spouses’ own accord does no longer depend on either the length of marriage, or on their not having minor children.

  16. Legal terms used in reception order and their relevance to judicial process

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    Nakkeerar Subramanian

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Law governs the admission and management of involuntary admissions of mentally ill persons who are admitted under the provisions of the mental health act. The court directs the doctor to take charge of such persons. In the further dealings of such person the medical officer of the psychiatric facility comes across legal terms, which require understanding so that patients could be dealt with properly. Various terms such as accused, under police custody, judicial custody, remand prisoner, or under trial prisoner are used to denote their legal status. It is imperative for the medical officer to understand the nuances in the meanings of these terms. There are many times when the relevant section under which the admission is ordered is not found in the reception order. In these cases the terminology by which the patient is mentioned throws a light on the status of the patient. Towards this aim a study was carried out to assess the awareness and understanding of such terms by the faculty and post- graduates of a tertiary care hospital that deals with the admission and care of such patients. Method: They were administered a questionnaire containing these terms and asked to provide the meaning of these terms. Results: The results showed that nearly half the faculty and students were not having clarity in awareness or understanding of the terms. Discussion: Hence these terms and their meanings were gleaned from various judgments. The proper meaning of these terms and their use in judicial process and their importance is discussed.

  17. Sobre invenciones y truculencias

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    Rafael Mendez

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Es muy probable que, antes que la experiencia misma de la vida, lo que nos constituye y nos otorga sentido, sea la versión que podamos construir a partir de esa experiencia. Su memoria. Pero esa construcción no se da, bajo ninguna circunstancia, de manera natural o desinteresada. Todo lo contrario, el territorio que ocupa es básicamente conflictivo, hecho de pura tensión, de forcejeos sin tregua al final de los cuales se resuelve una imposición: alguien, algunos, consiguen obligar a los demás a reconocer su versión, como la versión de todos, lo que implica, en definitiva, olvidar su artificialidad básica, pasar por alto su naturaleza arbitraria y por lo tanto, perfeccionar, de manera casi siempre tácita y silenciosa, su naturalización. Así las cosas, y en consecuencia de tamaña truculencia, los hechos y las experiencias que constituyen nuestro día a día, se nos dan de una manera que podríamos calificar de incontestable. Están ahí: ocupan su momento y su lugar, despliegan sus circunstancias. Su contundencia es tal, que el armazón entero de eso que llamamos realidad, construye sobre el poder de esa evidencia el conjunto pleno de sus estrategias y complejidades. Confianza descomunal, pues esa realidad, tan airosa y, en tantas oportunidades, tan arrogante, termina constituyéndose en mundo. En nuestro mundo. El único que, aparentemente, nos corresponde y que se nos impone en la “verdad” de la experiencia y de la memoria.

  18. Algunos apuntes sobre comunidad

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    Clara Pérez Cárdenas

    2000-08-01

    Full Text Available Comunidad es, entre los temas de estudio del curriculum de los residentes en Medicina General Integral, uno de aquellos en las que mayores dificultades encontramos para poderlo impartir, pues la bibliografía sobre el tema está un tanto dispersa. Es un aspecto que los propios residentes no evalúan con justeza; sin embargo es de sumo interés que como profesionales de la salud no obviemos que nuestro trabajo de promoción, prevención y tratamiento, debe darse a nivel de individuo, pero también en las familias y en la comunidad como un todo, y por lo tanto debamos incorporar, al menos, nociones de lo que es una comunidad y qué es participación comunitaria para tener idea de cómo fomentarla, única vía para que nuestras acciones de salud sean más efectivasCommunity is one of the most difficult subjects to be taught among those included in the curriculum of General Comprehensive Medicine residents, since bibliography on this topic is a bit dispersed. This aspect, which is not properly evaluated by residents, is very important for health professionals to do our work of promotion, prevention and treatment not only at the level of the individual, but also at the level of the family and of the community as a whole. Therefore, we need to have some notions about community and community participation to be able to promote them, as the only way to make our health actions more effective

  19. Prioritization of strategies to approach the judicialization of health in Latin America and the Caribbean.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinzón-Flórez, Carlos Eduardo; Chapman, Evelina; Cubillos, Leonardo; Reveiz, Ludovic

    2016-09-01

    To describe strategies that contribute to the comprehensive approach to the judicialization of health in countries of Latin America and the Caribbean. A search was structured to identify articles presenting strategies to approach the judicialization of health. A survey was designed, which included actors of the health system and judiciary sector. We prioritized the strategies qualified by more than the 50.0% of the participants as "very relevant". Strategies were categorized according to: governance, provision of services, human resources, information systems, financing, and medical products. We included 64 studies, which identified 50 strategies, related to the sub-functions and components of health systems. Of the 165 people who answered the survey, 80.0% were aged 35-64 years. The distribution of men and women was homogeneous. Half of the respondents were from Colombia (20.0%), Uruguay (16.9%), and Argentina (12.7%). We prioritized strategies that addressed aspects of generation of useful scientific evidence for decision making according to the health needs of the population, empowerment for the society, and creating spaces for discussion of measures of inclusion or exclusion of health technologies. The executive and judiciary decision makers prioritized questions that dealt with strategies that would ensure accountability. The results of this study contribute to the identification of effective strategies to approach the phenomenon of judicialization of health, guaranteeing the right to health. Describir estrategias que contribuyan al abordaje integral de la judicialización de la salud en países de América Latina y El Caribe. Se estructuró una búsqueda para identificar artículos que presentaran estrategias para el abordaje de la judicialización en salud. Se diseñó una encuesta, en donde se incluyeron actores del sistema de salud y del sector judicial. Se priorizaron las estrategias calificadas por más del 50,0% de los participantes como "muy relevantes

  20. El acceso a medicamentos y su alcance por la vía judicial: análisis comparativo Colombia- España

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    Alba L. Vélez Arango

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Se reflexiona sobre el proceso de judicialización de las políticas públicas que ha experimentado Colombia y el obstáculo que genera para el goce efectivo del derecho a la salud, se toma como eje de análisis el acceso a medicamentos. Objetivos: 1 Identificar en una muestra de sentencias de la Corte Constitucional (1992- 2010 su posición en torno a la aplicación del principio de integralidad y de continuidad en el acceso a medicamentos. 2. Comparar la experiencia colombiana y la española en la protección de la salud; mediada por vía judicial. Metodología: análisis de una muestra de sentencia de la Corte Constitucional (1992- 2010 en su visión comprehensiva de la protección del derecho a la salud. Resultados: la Corte Colombiana reconoce el carácter integral de la asistencia sanitaria. Advierte que un tratamiento prescrito no puede ser prestado de manera parcial, so pena de afectar la posibilidad de recuperación del paciente. La Constitución española (ce establece en el Art. 43 el derecho a la protección de la salud. Conclusiones: La Corte Colombiana reconoce de la esencia del servicio público de salud; la aplicación de los principios de integralidad y continuidad en la prestación de los servicios, entre estos el acceso a los medicamentos. La asistencia sanitaria y los servicios médicos deben ser prestados de manera integral y ser accesibles para todas las personas. No obstante muchos ciudadanos deben acudir a las instancias judiciales para la obtención de los medicamentos; generando una vulneración a la protección del derecho y un obstáculo a su goce efectivo. En el sistema de salud de carácter público y organizado a través de las comunidades autónomas, el usuario del servicio de salud obtiene el medicamento sin que deba mediar para su consecución trámite judicial.

  1. A credibilidade do testemunho da criança vítima de abuso sexual no contexto judiciário

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    Consuelo Biacchi Eloy

    Full Text Available Violência sexual contra crianças não é um evento incomum; no entanto, há a dificuldade de denúncia, pois, além do estabelecimento da relação de dominação que o agressor exerce sobre a vítima, a maneira como tal fato é recebido pela sociedade e como é encaminhado pelas instituições judiciárias responsáveis também é determinante para as omissões. Inserida no universo dos interrogatórios, muitas vezes, a criança causa confusão ao desmentir o que havia falado antes, reforçando possíveis preconceitos em relação a si mesma. O presente trabalho traz a análise das relações entre a infância e a instituição judiciária, com principal enfoque no sistema de comunicação e de notificação dos crimes sexuais contra a criança e as consequentes intervenções profissionais que buscam a validação, ou não, de seu testemunho. Para tanto, foram pesquisados 51 processos judiciais, dos quais foram selecionados dois casos exemplares. Este trabalho evidencia a possibilidade de preservar a criança da revitimização causada pela multiplicidade de interrogatórios, sem deixar de cumprir as normas jurídicas necessárias. A fragilidade da palavra da criança está na forma como é acolhida pelos adultos, desde a revelação na família até a denúncia aos órgãos oficiais, revelando a urgência de alterações nos procedimentos judiciais relacionados a essa problemática

  2. Judicialização ou juridicização? As instituições jurídicas e suas estratégias na saúde Judicialization or juridicization? Legal institutions and their strategies in health

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    Felipe Dutra Asensi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A história da formação do campo da saúde no Brasil foi feita de incontáveis disputas. Em 1988, a Assembleia Constituinte, no rastro do processo de redemocratização do país, foi a principal arena desses embates, cujo resultado, lavrado na Carta Magna, apontava finalmente para a transformação das políticas sociais no Brasil. Obtivemos o direito de cidadania como estatuto essencial de nossa nacionalidade, e o direito à saúde como princípio de cidadania. No contexto de efetivação de direitos, observa-se a discussão sobre as instituições jurídicas, com especial destaque para o Ministério Público, Defensoria Pública e Judiciário. Observa-se que a efetivação do direito à saúde envolve a preservação da continuidade das políticas públicas por meio do diálogo. Deste modo, os conflitos políticos sofrem muito mais uma juridicização (conflitos são discutidos sob o ponto de vista jurídico do que uma judicialização (ao máximo, se evita levá-los ao Judiciário, pois a intenção consiste em evitar a via judicial e adotar múltiplas estratégias e pactuações extrajudiciais. A possibilidade de atuar de forma independente permite o destaque político do MP como mediador na saúde. A própria ideia de direito à saúde passa a receber um novo significado, que engloba um caráter interdisciplinar, o que amplia as possibilidades de atuação do MP em sua garantia e auxilia na própria defesa de uma política de saúde duradoura que vise a aproximar o mundo do direito do mundo dos fatos.The history of the health sector formation in Brazil was made of countless disputes. In 1988, the Constituent Assembly in the wake of the democratization process in the country, was the main arena of these struggles; the result, drawn in the Constitution, finally pointed to the transformation of social policies in Brazil. We obtained the citizenship right as essential status to our nationality and the right to health as a principle of

  3. THE EU DIRECTIVE ON MEDIATION IN CIVIL AND COMMERCIAL MATTERS AND THE PRINCIPLE OF EFFECTIVE JUDICIAL PROTECTION

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    Antonio Maria MARZOCCO

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The essay concerns the implications of EU Directive 2008/52/EC regarding mediation in civil and commercial matters on the right of effective judicial protection. After having underlined the importance assumed in the European Union by alternative dispute resolution, the essay examines the stages that led European institutions to the adoption of the Directive on mediation in civil and commercial matters. The article addresses the aims and the scope of the Directive and subsequently focuses its attention on Directive dispositions regulating the “key aspects” of civil procedure. The essay emphasizes that the Directive, in substance, allows both optional mediation and compulsory mediation. However, compulsory mediation can contrast with the principle of effective judicial protection. Furthermore, the essay deals with the relationship between compulsory mediation and the principle of effective judicial protection, and identifies, examining a recent pronouncement of the EU Court of Justice, the needed requisites to be respected in order that such contrast does not occur.

  4. Apuntes sobre encuestas electorales

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    Luis Benavente Gianella

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Las encuestas preelectorales suelen despertar gran interés por el valor predictivo que se les puede atribuir o que puedan tener, y por el efecto que puedan generar en los votantes. También se usan como herramienta efectiva para el manejo de las campañas de los candidatos. Existen tres tipos de encuestas electorales: preelectorales, boca de urna y postelectorales, en cada caso cumplen funciones diferentes en relación con los procesos electorales. Philippe Maarek (1 considera que la publicación de encuestas preelectorales influye en la decisión de voto mediante efectos directos e indirectos. Es en coyunturas preelectorales cuando las encuestas suelen concitar la mayor atención, especialmente por el valor predictivo que se les puede atribuir o que puedan tener, y por el efecto que puedan generar en los votantes, de manera especial en los indecisos, que constituyen un porcentaje usualmente muy alto durante casi toda la etapa preelectoral. Esto hace que las encuestas sean controvertidas y discutidas en el mundo. En los procesos electorales, las encuestas también son utilizadas como una herramienta efectiva para el manejo eficiente de las campañas de los candidatos, asumiendo de esta manera un papel protagónico y permanente en las campañas. Además de sus implicancias electorales, las encuestas tienen asimismo presencia en la vida política institucional en épocas no electorales. Actualmente son utilizadas para conocer la opinión de los ciudadanos acerca de diversos temas políticos, económicos y sociales. Las encuestadoras realizan sondeos periódicos sobre todos estos aspectos que son difundidos a través de los medios de comunicación, alimentando de este modo el debate político. En la actualidad, las encuestas de opinión son una práctica habitual en todos los países con regímenes democráticos, constituyéndose en un instrumento de medición de la opinión de los ciudadanos.

  5. Instruments and Criteria for Research and Analysis of the Internet Visibility of Bulgarian Judicial Institutions WEB-Space*

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    Nayden Valkov Nenkov

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available e-Justice has been under discussion at European level since 2007. The article describes some tools and displays objective criteria for evaluating the WEB-pages of judicial institutions in Bulgaria. A methodology is offered in order to improve the organization and functioning of the judicial institutions. It is used to conduct experimental tests for analysis and assessment of the main characteristics of the Bulgaria courts’ WEB-sites. The results provide grounds for findings and recommendations leading to improved communication and the presence of these institutions in the WEB.

  6. El Derecho a la Tutela Judicial y al Debido Proceso en la Jurisprudencia del Tribunal Constitucional Chileno

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    Gonzalo García Pino

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El texto propone un esquema conceptual que sistematiza la jurisprudencia del Tribunal Constitucional chileno en materia del derecho a la tutela judicial y al debido proceso. Tomando en consideración la doctrina reciente, el texto elabora categorías dogmáticas para diferenciar las potestades y componentes del derecho a la tutela judicial del debido proceso. Los autores concluyen que ambos derechos son de creciente desarrollo conceptual por la jurisprudencia constitucional chilena y que su sistematización dotaría de mayor certeza jurídica a las decisiones del Tribunal Constitucional.

  7. Does the judicious use of safety behaviors improve the efficacy and acceptability of exposure therapy for claustrophobic fear?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deacon, Brett J; Sy, Jennifer T; Lickel, James J; Nelson, Elizabeth A

    2010-03-01

    Exposure therapy is traditionally conducted with an emphasis on the elimination of safety behaviors. However, theorists have recently suggested that the judicious use of safety behaviors may improve the tolerability of this treatment without reducing its efficacy. The present study tested this notion by randomly assigning participants with high claustrophobic fear to receive a single-session intervention with or without access to safety aids during early exposure trials. Improvement was generally equivalent between the treatment conditions, and no reliable benefits or drawbacks were associated with the judicious use of safety behaviors. The theoretical and clinical implications of these findings are discussed.

  8. Relaciones entre el Congreso Nacional y el Poder Judicial: La Importancia de la Apertura

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    Sebastián Soto Velasco

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo analiza las relaciones entre el Congreso Nacional y el Poder Judicial a través de dos instituciones existentes en nuestro ordenamiento: el proceso de nombramiento de Ministros de la Corte Suprema y los informes que esta última envía al Congreso Nacional en ciertos proyectos de ley. En el caso de las nominaciones de Ministros a la Corte Suprema se estudia como ha operado el sistema desde la incorporación del Senado en 1997 hasta el año 2005. Se analiza cómo la transparencia del proceso, la posibilidad de conocer la historia profesional del nominado y audiencias abiertas contribuirían a incentivar una decisión centrada en criterios de calidad. El documento también se centra en el contenido y la influencia de los informes que envía la Corte Suprema al Congreso Nacional con ocasión de la tramitación de proyectos de ley que contienen normas que modifican la organización o atribuciones de los tribunales de justicia. En esta instancia, permitir el acceso a los informes también tendría positivas consecuencias. En definitiva, aunque hay otras vías de comunicación entre el Congreso y el Poder Judicial, se profundiza únicamente en las mencionadas pues del estudio se concluye que ambas tenderían a aumentar el potencial que de suyo ya tienen si se incorpora apertura en los procesosThis paper analyzes the relationship between the Chilean Congress and Judicial power, focusing on two institutions: the nomination process to appoint Supreme Court justices and the reports that the Supreme Court is constitutionally obligated to send to the Congress when specific types of bills are introduced. The appointment of Supreme Court candidates is studied from the Senate's incorporation in the process from 1997 until 2005. The author states that a more transparent process, including the publication of the candidate's backgrounds and public hearings, would increase the incentives to nominate the most qualified candidates. The paper also

  9. Compromiso e inteligencia emocional en mediadores del Poder Judicial de Oaxaca, México

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    Carmen María Salvador Ferrer

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo es un estudio transversal descriptivo, cuyo interés es conocer el papel que desempeñan el compromiso organizacional y la inteligencia emocional en la labor de los mediadores mexicanos. Para tal finalidad, se utilizó una muestra de 38 mediadores del Poder Judicial de Oaxaca. Además, para realizar el análisis de la situación, a través de ecuaciones estructurales, nos centraremos en el estudio de diferentes constructos, tales como: el compromiso, la inteligencia emocional, el sexo y la edad. Así, los resultados de esta investigación indican el impacto que estas variables tienen en el comportamiento del mediador. Además, encontramos que, según la edad y el sexo de los participantes, existen notables diferencias en los componentes del compromiso e inteligencia emocional.

  10. LA INCIDENCIA DEL CONCEPTO ESTADO DE DERECHO Y ESTADO SOCIAL DE DERECHO EN LA INDEPENDENCIA JUDICIAL

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    Luisa Fernanda García Lozano

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El siguiente artículo tiene como objetivo realizar un análisis de la incidencia del tipo de Estado en la independencia judicial. En la primera parte, se aborda de forma integral el concepto de Estado de derecho haciendo énfasis en las características históricas y neoinstitucionales que han sido el fundamento de imposición en los últimos años. En la segunda parte, se estudia la trasformación del paradigma jurídico colombiano con su consagración en un Estado Social de Derecho, sus alcances en el campo constitucional y, la necesidad de realizar un estudio específico de este tema.

  11. Playing dice with criminal sentences: the influence of irrelevant anchors on experts' judicial decision making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Englich, Birte; Mussweiler, Thomas; Strack, Fritz

    2006-02-01

    Judicial sentencing decisions should be guided by facts, not by chance. The present research however demonstrates that the sentencing decisions of experienced legal professionals are influenced by irrelevant sentencing demands even if they are blatantly determined at random. Participating legal experts anchored their sentencing decisions on a given sentencing demand and assimilated toward it even if this demand came from an irrelevant source (Study 1), they were informed that this demand was randomly determined (Study 2), or they randomly determined this demand themselves by throwing dice (Study 3). Expertise and experience did not reduce this effect. This sentencing bias appears to be produced by a selective increase in the accessibility of arguments that are consistent with the random sentencing demand: The accessibility of incriminating arguments was higher if participants were confronted with a high rather than a low anchor (Study 4). Practical and theoretical implications of this research are discussed.

  12. Competencias del actuario del poder judicial federal en México: una perspectiva administrativa.

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    Juan Blas Arriaga Huerta

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available El perfil por competencias establecido por el Consejo de la Judicatura Federal de México para el cargo de actuario judicial (quien funge como auxiliar de magistrados y jueces tiene una definición incipiente que limita una eventual gestión de su función jurisdiccional. Con el interés de aportar a la resolución de esta problemática, el objetivo de este trabajo de investigación es proponer un modelo del perfil por competencias de los actuarios judiciales de tribunal de circuito y juzgado de distrito en México. Para ello, se emplea un método de investigación cualitativo de corte documental. Los resultados permiten definir cinco competencias fundamentales (relacionales, funcionales, analíticas, personales y técnicas que los actuarios judiciales deberían desarrollar para ocupar dicho cargo.

  13. IDENTIDAD JUDICIAL INDÍGENA FRENTE A LA JURISDICCIÓN ORDINARIA ACTUAL EN COLOMBIA

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    Omar Antonio Herrán Pinzón

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El Estado Colombiano se enfrenta a una realidad social diversa, multiétnica y pluricultural cada vez más palpable, que demanda no solo un reconocimiento social, sino constitucional, de tal forma que es necesario observar y analizar como en su práctica sociojurídica la jurisdicción especial indígena, en su campo penal, tiene un impacto en la jurisdicción ordinaria penal Colombiana, que habida cuenta les reconoce la Constitución del 91 a las autoridades indígenas su identidad cultural propia, con organización política, administrativa y judicial específicas, cuyas costumbres, normas y procedimientos tienen un impacto, en el ordenamiento Jurídico Nacional.

  14. The consideration of ecological safety in judicial practice-also on the ecological safety legislation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    L(U) Zhongmei

    2006-01-01

    Ecological safety has been one of the hot issues of environmental law in recent years.The maintenance of ecological safety has become one of the legislative principles,as exemplified by the revision of the Law of Sand Prevention and Sand.Management and the Law against Solid Waste Environmental Pollution,and the relevant rules that will be established.However actual cases will still happen,whether the legislators have made the statutory law or not.While scholars and legislators are debating,the judges have to handle cases and render judgments.Through the analysis of a case,this article will discuss the feasibility for judges to make ecological safety considerations in the judicial process by applying the principle of good faith and will also discuss the legislative issues related to ecological safety.

  15. How to make judicious use of current physics in reconstructing its history

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janssen, Michel

    2013-04-01

    Using three concrete examples, I illustrate both benefits and pitfalls of approaching the history of relativity and quantum theory with current textbook knowledge of these subjects. First, I show how knowing something about energy-momentum tensors in special relativity makes it easy to see that special relativity did not, as has been suggested, simply kill the program of Abraham and others at the beginning of the 20th century to reduce all of physics to electrodynamics, but co-opted key elements of it. Second, I show how knowing something about coordinate conditions in general relativity can be an obstacle to seeing why Einstein initially rejected field equations based on the Ricci tensor. Third, I show how knowing something about Hilbert space can be an obstacle to seeing the logic behind Jordan's statistical transformation theory. These three examples suggest that knowledge of modern physics is beneficial for historians, but only when used judiciously.

  16. ANÁLISIS DEL EXPEDIENTE JUDICIAL: EVALUACIÓN DE LA VALIDEZ DE LA PRUEBA TESTIFICAL

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    M. Teresa Scott

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available En el marco del enfoque holístico para la evaluación de la prueba testifical (HELPT, el presente trabajo describe un protocolo para el análisis de toda aquella información susceptible de ser extraída de un expediente judicial, a la luz de los conocimientos del procesamiento heurístico de la información, y del análisis de los factores de influencia de las declaraciones desde la Psicología del Testimonio. El objetivo es brindar una sistematización de los tópicos que pudieran explorarse en un expediente, ya sea como parte de un peritaje directo o como un metaperitaje, extrayendo el máximo de información no sesgada a fin de establecer las hipótesis relevantes del caso y valorar los posibles factores de influencia.

  17. GENERAL CONSIDERATIONS OF JUDICIAL WILL REGARDING ITS LIMITS IN ECO – ECONOMICAL CONTRACTS

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    MIHAELA C. PAUL (MODREA

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available After a brief study of the contract legal concept we attempted to examine the essential elements of the contract - the agreement of will between parties. The autonomy theory of will - which legally promoted contemporary, the concept of freedom of contract, we will analyze the concept in question, both over time and in last centuries when transformations of freedom of contract and contractual law have been most reliable, amplifying the ambiguity of the meaning of contractual freedom in the Romanian legal order and the number and diversity of doctrines that were interested in freedom of contract become substantial. Economic and social realities experienced significant changes, which made the autonomy theory of will first to be put in question and then challenged, attempting to detect the judicial construction of the contract.

  18. Legal time limits vs. discretional limits of administrative judicial review in Albania

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    Gerti Shella

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Administrative courts in Albania were established in 2012, as a separate branch of the court system, following enactment of the Law No. 49/2012 “On the Organization and Functioning of the Administrative Courts and Adjudication of Administrative Disputes”. One of the main features of the administrative adjudication is the swiftness at which it should be carried out. The law provides carefully for many time limits and procedural deadlines, to achieve such intended effect. This article focuses specifically on the time limits of concluding (1 the judicial review in administrative courts and 2 on due delivery of the final decision in court secretariat. These two distinct procedural phases constitute 98% of the length of a court case in time terms. The main thesis of this paper is that time limits which are explicitly written and required by the law produce better results in terms of compliance of judges with law and higher efficiency compared to discretional time limits.

  19. The transformative power of EU: An Assessment of EU impact in the judicial system of Kosovo

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    Bahrie Besimi

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In the process of EU integration, the aspiring and potential candidate countries have undergone a major process of reforms. The question that is aroused in this sense is to what extent the EU has had transformative power and impacted the internal judicial structures of Kosovo and under which conditions the EU is more effective. This article analyzes the findings of the Progress reports for a ten-year period (2005 – 2015 and the extent of the EU impact. It uses the conceptual and rational framework of external incentives model and argues that the EU impact in the judiciary system of Kosovo is crucial considering the starting low phase of reforms in Kosovo.

  20. Análisis de la mediación en sede judicial laboral venezolana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene María Vanderlinder de Hernández

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La presente investigación analiza la función mediadora del Juez en el Proceso Laboral Venezolano, a través de una Investigación Jurídica establecida por dos poblaciones una conformada en primer lugar por Jueces del Trabajo de la Circunscripción Judicial del Estado Trujillo y la segunda población conformada por las partes intervinientes en el proceso de mediación, las cuáles aportaron información a través de cuestionario validado. Atendiendo a la mediación como una institución de resolución de conflictos necesaria en la fase inicial durante el proceso laboral, por cuanto su vigencia en sede judicial deviene de mandato legal, y el papel fundamental que desempeñan las partes como protagonistas del proceso, permite que se proporcionen su propia decisión emanada de la autonomía de la voluntad asistida por la orientación del Juez Mediador, quien garantiza la irrenunciabilidad de los derechos laborales.Se concluye que la mediación no debe suplir la autocomposición de los conflictos laborales por los propios protagonistas del proceso, debiéndose considerar como un instrumento de ayuda a las partes. Se recomienda, en líneas generales, a los jueces mantener la imparcialidad y neutralidad en la función mediadora; emprendiendo un rol más activo como tercero interventor sin inducir a arreglos que no satisfacen las pretensiones de las partes.

  1. ¿Cuánto le cuesta al Estado un proceso judicial?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis M. Prada Bernal

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo el autor presenta una metodología para calcular los costos para el Estado de un juzgado y de un proceso judicial. Se analizan los resultados encontrados en un trabajo de campo que incluyó casos reales en las áreas de atención penal, laboral, de familia, civil y de menores, y se presenta un modelo para costear procesos judiciales tipo. Además, el artículo contiene cuadros y gráficas que facilitan su comprensión. El costo de un proceso judicial está conformado por los costos del despacho, del Tribunal Superior y de la Corte Suprema de Justicia, de acuerdo con el trámite surtido, y por los costos de otras instituciones del Estado relacionadas que apoyan el servicio de justicia, como la Fiscalía General de la Nación, el Instituto Colombiano de Bienestar Familiar, ICBF, el Instituto Nacional Penitenciario y Carcelario, INPEC, la Policía Metropolitana, la Procuraduría General de la Nación y el Instituto de Medicina Legal. El modelo determina el costo para el Estado de un proceso tipo y está elaborado para la situación actual y para un juzgado civil del circuito de Santafé de Bogotá. Por ello, no es de aplicación general. Es necesario validarlo en varios juzgados y bajo condiciones logísticas y tecnológicas diferentes. Además, el modelo plantea una metodología que, bien implementada, podría generar indicadores válidos para evaluar la gestión de funcionarios, empleados y despachos judiciales.

  2. Judicial Training and Research for Child Custody Litigation. Report To Accompany H.R. 1253. Committee on the Judiciary, House of Representatives, 102d Congress, 2d Session.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on the Judiciary.

    The purpose of House Resolution (HR) 1253, an amendment to the State Justice Institute (SJI) Act of 1984, is to authorize the SJI to carry out research on state judicial decisions and develop judicial training curricula related to child custody litigation involving domestic violence, and to disseminate the results of this research. The report…

  3. QUESTÕES SOBRE A PENA DE MORTE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SOUSA, L.N.

    2015-12-01

    concordaram que a pena de morte diminuiria a marginalidade no Brasil. Contudo grande parte dos sujeitos mostrou-se indecisa sobre o assunto e responderam que talvez a marginalidade diminuísse, correspondendo a 35% da amostra recolhida. Ressaltamos que mesmo com a maioria da amostra sendo a favor da pena de morte, a falta de credibilidade no sistema judiciário brasileiro se fez presente na decisão final. Sugerimos que novas pesquisas possam envolver metodologias menos objetivas, dando espaço aos sujeitos para justificarem suas respostas. Além disso, entendemos que seria relevante se públicos de distintas realidades fossem ouvidos.

  4. LOS TRATADOS INTERNACIONALES SOBRE DERECHOS HUMANOS Y SU UBICACIÓN EN EL ORDEN NORMATIVO INTERNO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilio Pfeffer Urquiaga

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza la precariedad de la normativa constitucional chilena en materia de incorporación del derecho convencional internacional, tanto en común como específicamente en materia de derechos humanos, pronunciándose sobre la jerarquía de los tratados que contienen derechos humanos de acuerdo con la doctrina y la jurisprudencia, abogando por un pronto desarrollo de normas constitucionales al efecto.This work highlights the precariousness of Chilean Constitutional Law with respect to the incorporation of international conventional Law, both in general and specifically in the area of human rights. The status accorded to human rights treaties by legal scholarship and judicial decisions is examined, and advocacy is advanced for further development of constitutional norms on the matter of incorporation of international treaties on human rights.

  5. I Jornada sobre Mediación Civil, Mercantil y Concursal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Blanca Torrubia Chalmeta

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available

    El pasado 7 de octubre se celebró en la sede central de la UOC la I Jornada sobre Mediación Civil, Mercantil y Concursal vinculada a la especialización de Mediación civil, mercantil y concursal, que ofrecen los Estudios de Derecho y Ciencia Política de la UOC.

    La jornada tenía como objetivo informar, debatir y fomentar la mediación como vía de solución eficaz de muchos de los problemas que se presentan en el ámbito del derecho privado, y a los que el sistema judicial no ofrece una respuesta adecuada.

  6. El relato de las noticias sobre delito de cuello blanco. La criminalidad de etiqueta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flavia Ivana Ragagnin

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir de las teorías de la comunicación, estudios sobre periodismo, la sociología jurídica, la criminología crítica y las teorías del etiquetamiento, la autora revela cómo desde el relato de los medios de comunicación el tratamiento de la información del delito en la clase social alta es diferente con respecto a la criminalidad común. La violencia simbólica que se sustrae del relato es indicio de esta diferenciación y se torna peligrosa para las instituciones democráticas al normalizar la violencia anómica, la ineficacia judicial y la impunidad.

  7. Property Rights and Functioning of Judicial System in Kosovo as a Preconditions for Economic Development of the Country

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haxhi Gashi

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The issues related to property rights and their protections are deeply complex ones that affect the life of all citizens of Republic of Kosovo. Even though, improvements on the functioning of judicial system in Kosovo are evident in recent years, continuous challenges regarding judicial affectivity and efficiency as well as independence, continue to impact negatively upon the rule of law and access to justice in Kosovo. Therefore this has direct impact on implementation of some of basic international human rights standards in the field of property rights. Furthermore, these challenges in the field of property rights and rule of law have direct impact on the foreign investments and economic development of the country. This paper will try to address some of main challenges that Kosovo judicial system is facing, in particular related to protection of property rights as well as challenges on functioning of civil judicial system in Kosovo. These challenges have other effects on investments and welfare of society, creating barriers for a proper economic development of the country and therefore producing uncertainty among population and creating the idea of migration in order to seek new opportunities.

  8. Approaches towards judicial and scientific definition of the ‘Personal Data Protection’ discipline maxims, their explanatory and correlation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anatoliy Lytvynenko

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with building up term explanatory from the discipline named “Personal Data Protection”. The article is constructed on basis of Ukrainian legislation, the legislation of other states, international agreements as well as profile judicial literature. To fulfill the articles’ goals, three terms were extracted from the notion compound

  9. Judicial control of administrative activity and advantages of reorganization of the juridical system in the Republic of Kosovo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florent Muçaj

    2016-01-01

    In the last part of the paper there are clear and consistent conclusions and significant recommendations relating to general views about judicial control, with particular emphasis on their practical implementation in the Republic of Kosovo and the way of adjustment with the reforms in the field of administrative justice which are at the beginnings of the implementation.

  10. 77 FR 66215 - Limitation of Claims Notice for Judicial Review of Actions by FHWA and Other Federal Agencies in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-02

    ... proposed project to improve the Brent Spence Bridge over the Ohio River, as well as improvements to Interstate Routes 71 and 75 and interchanges in the City of Cincinnati, Hamilton County, State of Ohio and... project. DATES: A claim seeking judicial review of the Federal agency actions on the highway project will...

  11. Law-making functions of the Chinese courts:Judicial activism in a country of rapid social changes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Chenguang

    2006-01-01

    The judicial production of law and the legislative production of law make a striking distinction between the two legal traditions.Despite of these differences,judges in both legal traditions in adjudicating cases have a common task,which is the application of legal rules to the facts of cases pending for judgments.The tension between the certainty and the "discretion" is universal for any legal system and,to a certain extent,it poses a hard dilemma for the rhetoric of rule of law.In the transitional countries such as China where rapid social changes and transformations take place,the judiciary and judges can not escape from taking more active roles in interpreting or even law making process.It arouses much controversy,particularly in continental legal traditions,for the judiciary is deemed to perform a mechanical role in adjudicating cases.This article intends to analyze the needs for judicial law.making function in China and its reasons.It reveals that judicial interpretation constitutes an important source of law despite its ambiguous legislative position.The article argues that judicial activism is inevitable against the transitional nature of current Chinese society.

  12. Brief procedural issues, regarding the writ to reclaim a spoil judicial. If released the premises belongs to someone else

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Isaac Torres Manrique

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In this installment, the author addresses a topic related to the effectuation of judicial restoration of the law of possession, through the injunction to recover, with the particularity that is brought, for the reason that the site launched is related to another person

  13. Contesting Law and Order: Legal and Judicial Reform in Southern Thailand in the Late Nineteenth to Early Twentieth Century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piyada Chonlaworn

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines legal and judicial reform in Thailand (then Siam imposed in the southern Malay provinces, once a sultanate kingdom of Pattani, in the 1890s and 1910s. Legal and judicial reform was one of the three main reforms Siam imposed countrywide at the end of the nineteenth century as an attempt to modernize the country and defend it against Western colonial powers. However, Siam’s rule and reform in the Malay region, especially during the reign of King Chulalongkorn, is viewed by recent studies as colonial modernity in itself. These measures included the appointment of a Siamese commissioner in the Malay region, the enforcement of Thai law, and Siam’s endeavor to preserve local practices such as Islamic family law and courts, which resembled those of the British and Dutch East Indies. While the notion of Siam’s inner colonialism is not entirely wrong, this paper argues that there is also another side of the coin that should be considered especially when looking from legal and judicial perspective. Right after a new regulation was imposed in 1901, it was clear that local people were ready to make use of the new judicial system. This is partly because the new system, regardless of its shortcomings, gave local people, including Malay ruling elites, opportunities to file cases against their enemies or demand justice.

  14. Policía Local como Policía Judicial. Intervenciones relevantes en el proceso penal

    OpenAIRE

    Velayos Martínez, Isabel

    2012-01-01

    Ponencia comparativa de las funciones más habituales de la práctica forense en que la Policía Local actúa en funciones de Policía Judicial. Ponencia presentada en el curso "La reforma del Código Penal", Ayuntamiento de Alicante, Policía Local, 17-18 diciembre 2012. Ayuntamiento de Alicante

  15. 31 CFR 363.45 - What are the rules for judicial and administrative actions involving securities held in...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... administrative actions involving securities held in TreasuryDirect ®? 363.45 Section 363.45 Money and Finance... BUREAU OF THE PUBLIC DEBT REGULATIONS GOVERNING SECURITIES HELD IN TREASURYDIRECT General Provisions Governing Securities Held in TreasuryDirect § 363.45 What are the rules for judicial and...

  16. 77 FR 22328 - Guidance for Industry on the Judicious Use of Medically Important Antimicrobial Drugs in Food...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-13

    ... thinking on the use of medically important antimicrobial drugs in animal agriculture. DATES: Submit either... entitled ``The Judicious Use of Medically Important Antimicrobial Drugs in Food- Producing Animals... Important Antimicrobial Drugs in Food-Producing Animals; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug...

  17. On Judicial Governance of Administrative Discretion%论行政裁量的司法治理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾大松; 周佑勇

    2012-01-01

    功能主义建构模式下,行政裁量的司法审查应实现控制向治理的重心转移。司法审查对行政规则的尊重,尚不能构成司法审查标准向行政法原则的转化,因此需要遵循法律系统发展的逻辑,实现从规则到原则的抽象化过程。最高人民法院通过典型案例的抽象,在很大程度上推进了行政裁量司法审查标准的原则化。%Under the functionalist building mode, the judicial review of administrative discretion should transfer emphasis from control to governance. Although the field of judicial review of administrative discretion, the court adopted the administrative rules with respect, but has not achieved the standard of judicial review of the conversion to the principles of administrative law, so need to follow the logic of the legal system development, and promote the process from rules to principles. Supreme Court through a typical ease of abstraction, in large part to promote the standard of judicial review of administrative discretion of the principle.

  18. Historicismo: notas sobre um paradigma

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    José D’Assunção Barros

    2012-01-01

    Este artigo tem por objetivo desenvolver algumas considerações sobre o Historicismo e sua possibilidade de ser examinado como um dos paradigmas que concorrem para o estabelecimento de uma história científica no século XIX...

  19. Acueducto pretensado sobre el Holme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial, Equipo

    1958-04-01

    Full Text Available Breve descripción del paso de una canalización de 0,60 m de diámetro, destinada al abastecimiento de aguas, sobre el río Holme (Inglaterra. El puente formado tiene dos vigas de hormigón pretensado, cuyas armaduras se componen de barras McCall.

  20. Sobre Humanismo y Medicina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adolfo de Francisco Zea

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available

    En esta disertación sobre “Humanismo y Medicina”, título del libro que tuve ocasión de publicar hace un par de años, destacaré algunas de las relaciones que existen entre la medicina y las bellas artes, concretamente la música y la pintura. La Medicina tiene como objeto de su acción al Hombre. Definida como la ciencia y el arte de prevenir, curar o aliviar la enfermedad, no tiene como meta la simple prolongación de la vida biológica.

    Su tarea consiste en postergar la muerte, prevenir o reducir los padecimientos y las deformidades, curar las enfermedades, ampliar las capacidades biológicas y psicológicas de los seres humanos y ocuparse de los sufrimientos de las personas. Para Tristam Engelhardt, es la Medicina de las personas.

    Se concibe a la persona humana como el individuo de conciencia reflexiva normal que es a la vez miembro pleno de la comunidad, con los deberes y derechos que presuponen su pertenencia a ella. A esta acepción de carácter moral de la persona humana, que corresponde a lo que se llama persona “en sentido estricto”, se agrega la acepción social, que hace relación con aquellas personas a las que se otorgan prácticamente los mismos derechos, como es el caso de los niños, de los individuos que perdieron el carácter de personas por padecer de lesiones cerebrales o demencia, y de aquellos que nunca llegarán a serlo como los retrasados mentales profundos.

    Al sostener que no todos los seres humanos son personas “en sentido estricto”, la Bioética que expone Engelhardt impone, sin embargo, como obligación moral, tratar a estos últimos con pleno respeto y comprensión. Lo que es importante acerca de nosotros mismos como seres humanos, es el hecho real de que seamos personas; no simplemente nuestra pertenencia al género Horno sapiens como tal.

    Para Víctor Frankl, la persona humana es de carácter espiritual y en tal virtud, es diferente del organismo psicofísico cuya

  1. La actualidad de la equidad de Aristóteles. Doce tesis antiformalistas sobre el derecho y la función judicial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jesús Vega López

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se propone una lectura de la teoría aristotélica de la equidad desde los presupuestos de un enfoque argumentativo del derecho. Después de ofrecer una contextualización de la filosofía del derecho de Aristóteles en el marco de su filosofía moral (teoría de la virtud y política (teoría del Estado, se extraen las implicaciones de la equidad para la práctica de la jurisdicción en forma de doce tesis críticas del formalismo jurídico.

  2. La agravación y disminución del riesgo en el contrato de seguro en Cuba: ¿acaso un supuesto de revisión judicial ante el acaecimiento de hechos imprevistos?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl José Vega Cardona

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available En todo contrato las personas en su calidad de partes podrán instar al órgano judicial para revisar el negocio jurídico pactado cuando las prestaciones se vuelven excesivamente onerosas para alguno de los contratantes en virtud del acaecimiento de hechos imprevisibles, extraordinarios, inevitables y ajenos a la voluntad de estas. Empero, algunos códigos civiles niegan la posibilidad de aplicación de esta teoría a determinados tipos contractuales, entre estos a los contratos aleatorios, y particularmente el de seguro. En este sentido un sector de la doctrina también ha apoyado este planteamiento partiendo del análisis de que sería impropio hablar de imprevisión en un tipo contractual que se configura exactamente por la presencia de elementos imprevisibles que van a determinar el resultado final del contrato. Pero negar esta posibilidad sería ir en contra de la buena fue como principio general del Derecho, que en sede de contratos adquiere especial relevancia. Ante este imperativo, el presente artículo discurre sobre la tesis que permite aplicar la revisión judicial de los contratos aleatorios, en especial del contrato de seguro a partir del análisis histórico – doctrinal y legislativo de la teoría de la imprevisión y su relación con el alea como elemento característico de estos tipos contractuales

  3. Hegel’ s Thought of Judicial Indenpendence and Its Inspiration for Chinese Judicial Reform%黑格尔的司法独立思维及其对我国司法改革的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李思远

    2015-01-01

    黑格尔在其不朽著作《法哲学原理》一书中论述了法的本质、法治、立法、司法以及法律部门等诸多法律思想,这其中也包含了黑格尔的司法独立思维。不同于孟德斯鸠三权分立架构下的司法独立,黑格尔的司法独立思维主要体现在市民社会中的“法院”部分,并且通过重视立法、审判公开、程序公正来予以保障。我国实行的也不是三权分立下的司法独立,而是权力机关下的法院、检察院独立行使职权。黑格尔的司法独立思维,对于当下我国的司法体制改革有所启示。%Hegel discussed the nature of law, the rule of law, legislation, judicature, legal department and many legal thoughts in his immortal work“The Principle of Philosophy of Law”, including his judicial independence thought. Different from judicial in-dependence under “separation of the three powers” put forward by Montesquieu, Hegel’ s judicial independence thought mainly em-bodies in “Court” of civil society and safeguarded by attention of legislation, open trial, and procedural justice. In China, what we are carrying out is not judicial independence under “separation of the three powers”, but independently discharge functions and powers by court and procuratorate under authorities. Research of Hegel’ s judicial independence thought may give inspiration for Chi-nese present judicial reform.

  4. Aportes de la clínica forense para conceptuar en materia probatoria sobre el riesgo para la vida en el delito de tentativa de homicidio en Colombia

    OpenAIRE

    Muñoz P., Luis Eduardo; Támara P., Liliana Marcela; Sánchez C., Óscar Armando; Fontanilla D., Germán Alfonso; Castellanos M., Camilo Andrés; Dueñas M., Liliana; Gil M., Diego Fernando; MH Afifi, Laila; Peña R., Nancy Fabiola; Castellanos M., Úrsula Fernanda

    2015-01-01

    El establecimiento del tipo penal de tentativa de homicidio exige a la investigación judicial aportar diferentes elementos probatorios. En este sentido, el informe técnico médico-legal de lesiones no fatales, realizado a solicitud de las autoridades, puede aportar valiosos conceptos médicos sobre la gravedad de las mismas, su localización y severidad. Sin embargo, hasta el momento no se han incorporado elementos determinantemente objetivos a partir de la ciencia médica forense para la valorac...

  5. Judicial review of administrative normative act. Limits of courts control on political decision making

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erlir Puto

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Legal democracies have been facing with the evolution of a system of administrative activity judicial review. Meanwhile the evolving of the Judicial Control over the Public Administration in different countries of civil law systems has produced even in Albania the possibility of a specific judiciary control over the Public Administration in an extended way. The new Albanian Law on Administrative Courts (Law 49/2012 provides the power of the Administrative Court of Appeal to judge as a Court of First Instance, in the cases regarding controversies on normative administrative acts. It is a new open door to judge political decision makers, with some implicit consequences on the entire system. Those acts are produced as a further explanation and specification of the Law. Meanwhile they also express the Government Political Direction and Political will. The most important issue which may rise in this case is: How can an Administrative Court judge on the Executive Political Decision? May a Court judge the political will of the Executive? This power, given to the court, if we refer to administrative normative acts produced by public authorities of political nature, is in substance in contrast to the right of exercising political powers. This power to judge the politics should be evaluated case by case, but also some guiding lines should be established. These should be some basic guiding criteria and limits to be followed by the judges in the evaluation of objectives, purposes, aims or proportionality to the situation that has imposed the law. In most of the judiciary systems, the limits of reciprocal control between powers of the state remain a never ending process of practice. It is usual that the law gives to the administration a wide margin of opportunity. The way how executive would use its discretionarily, should be judged in an appropriate way by courts. The limits of court interference in administrative decision making would produce a fair system

  6. Judicial Understanding of the Reliability of Eyewitness Evidence: A Tale of Two Cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lirieka Meintjes-van der Walt

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available One of the most significant consequences of the use of post-conviction DNA testing in the criminal justice system has been the growing recognition that eyewitness identification testimony is simply not as reliable as it was previously considered to be. In approximately 75% of DNA exonerations in the United States, mistaken eyewitness identifications were the principal cause of wrongful convictions. Notwithstanding scientific advances regarding human memory and other factors that could influence identifications by eyewitnesses, courts have not shown eagerness in utilising such scientific knowledge in reaching legal decisions. Two cases have been chosen for discussion in this article. In S v Henderson 27 A 3d 872 (NJ 2011 the New Jersey Supreme Court was the first in State and Federal jurisdictions in the US that adopted a science-based approach to the evaluation of eyewitness evidence. The other case under discussion is S v Mdlongwa 2010 2 SACR 419 (SCA, a South African Supreme Court of Appeal judgment, where the identification of the perpetrator was based on an eyewitness account and the evidence of an expert on CCTV images. In part one of this article the research findings with regard to estimator variables that were acknowledged in S v Henderson are discussed. Part two specifically scrutinizes S v Mdlongwa to determine the extent to which psychological eyewitness research findings are recognised in South Africa as having an influence on the reliability of eyewitness evidence. In Henderson the court recognised that the legal standards governing the admissibility and use of identification evidence lagged far behind the findings of numerous studies in the social sciences. The new wave introduced by S v Henderson has not gone unnoticed in other State courts in the USA. In Massachusetts, for example, the Justices of the Supreme Judicial Court convened a study group on Eyewitness Evidence and the resulting report inter alia recommended judicial

  7. De la rama judicial colombiana (Anotaciones para una introducción a su estudio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilson Herrera

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Han sido reiterados los esfuerzos del Estado por establecer las causas y las soluciones al problema de la justicia en Colombia, acudiendo para ello a instrumentos de eficacia y protección procesal, sin tener en cuenta que el origen del problema se encuentra en el desequilibrio social y económico que deviene de un sistema político construido sobre relaciones de injusticia social.

  8. Breve informe sobre la coca

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lauro Hinostroza García

    1985-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente informe se integra en la investigación dirigida por el doctor Juan Ossio, por encargo de la Organización de los Estados Americanos (O.E.A. sobre “EFECTOS SOCIALES, CULTURALES, MÉDICOS Y ECONÓMICOS DEL USO TRADICIONAL DE LA COCA EN POBLACIONES DEL ANTIPLANO Y SIERRA DEL PERÚ, EN ESPECIAL DE LAS POBLACIONES INDÍGENAS”. Expone tópicos sobre la hoja de coca en la cultura andina: criterios clasificatorios, mitos, canciones y una muestra de qatipay o seguimiento. Este último es una práctica ritual importante para el campesinado andino, orienta el presente, pasado y futuro de toda su actividad. Cada hoja, por su forma, posición y tamaño, develará los roles sociales que ha de asumir, es decir los misterios del tiempo.

  9. Incidencia del suicidio consumado en el partido judicial de San Vicente del Raspeig (Alicante Consummated suicide rate in the judicial district of San Vicente del Raspeig (Alicante

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Ayala Espinosa

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: 1.- Determinar el número de casos de suicidio consumado en San Vicente del Raspeig entre 1990 y 2001. 2.- Describir las características, circunstancias y factores de riesgo asociados. METODOLOGÍA: Se trata de una investigación con diseño de serie temporal compuesta de un conjunto de diez estudios transversales anuales y consecutivos en el periodo 1990-2001. Como fuente de obtención de datos se estudian las diligencias previas de los archivos de los juzgados del Partido Judicial San Vicente del Raspeig. Las variables a considerar son: género, edad, estado civil, mecanismo, lugar del suicidio, municipio dónde tuvo lugar, año del suicidio, intentos anteriores y documentos dejados. Se ha utilizado el test chi-cuadrado y un nivel de significación preestablecido (pOBJECTIVES: 1.- To determine the number of consummated suicides in San Vicente del Raspeig between 1990 and 2001. 2.- To describe the characteristics, circumstances and associated risk factors. METHODOLOGY: It is an investigation of a temporary series made of a sample of ten annual studies between 1990-2001. We used as a source the previous investigations found in the archives of the courts of San Vicente del Raspeig (Alicante. The variables to consider are: gender, age, marital status, mechanism, place of suicide, county where it took place, year of suicide, number of attempts previousl and notes left. We used the test as "chi-cuadrado" and a previous determined significance level (p<0.05. RESULTS: The number of suicides is 92. More men (63 than women (29 commit suicide with a proportion of 2.17:1. In all ages we found men that committed suicide. We did not find any women that committed suicide under the age of 30. Men between 50-59 and 70-79 and women around 60 are in the highest rate (p=0.040. Married people commit suicide more than single people with 39 cases, of which 28 are men (56% and 11 women (45.83%. Men prefer hanging (44.44% and women jumping (51.72% (p=0

  10. Sobre la verdad en periodismo

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    Julio Estremadoyro Alegre

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Cuando un periodista informa sobre un desastre natural, con granpérdida de vidas, las autoridades y las fuentes de primera manodan cifras que son difundidas como verdades del suceso. Sinembargo, y la experiencia lo confirma, al día siguiente la cifraspueden haber cambiado y, por lo tanto, la verdad informativa esotra. Y así, sucesivamente, cada día habrá novedades y nuevas cifras verdaderas.

  11. Synthesis of Climate Change Policy in Judicial, Executive, and Legislative Branches of U.S. Government

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    Robert Brinkmann

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, the United States has struggled to develop a comprehensive policy for climate change and concomitant greenhouse gas emissions that addresses the current scientific thinking on the topic. The absence of any clear legislative or executive approach dominated national discussions and the court system was used to litigate a variety of issues associated with global warming. This paper synthesizes actions taken in the three branches of government prior to and immediately following the Obama election. In the Judicial branch, several branches of law have been used to force government and private parties to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Based on the historic greenhouse gas lawsuit, Massachusetts et al. v. the United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA, and under the direction of the Obama administration, the U.S. EPA has taken significant action to regulate greenhouse gases. In the legislative branch, a comprehensive energy and climate bill passed the House of Representatives and comparable and alternate energy and climate bills were debated in the Senate indicating hope for legislation in the 111th Congress. However, these bills proved to be unsuccessful, therefore leaving the U.S. EPA and the courts the only options for national climate policy in the near future.

  12. [Consequences of the judicialization of health policies: the cost of medicines for mucopolysaccharidosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Diniz, Debora; Medeiros, Marcelo; Schwartz, Ida Vanessa D

    2012-03-01

    This study analyzes expenditures backed by court rulings to ensure the public provision of medicines for treatment of mucopolysaccharidosis (MPS), a rare disease that requires high-cost drugs not covered by the Brazilian government's policy for pharmaceutical care and which have disputed clinical efficacy. The methodology included a review of files from 196 court rulings ordering the Brazilian Ministry of Health to provide the medicines, in addition to Ministry of Health administrative records. According to the analysis, the "judicialization" of the health system subjected the Brazilian government to a monopoly in the distribution of medicines and consequently the loss of its capacity to manage drug purchases. The study also indicates that the imposition of immediate, individualized purchases prevents obtaining economies of scale with planned procurement of larger amounts of the medication, besides causing logistic difficulties in controlling the amounts consumed and stored. In conclusion, litigation results from the lack of a clear policy in the health system for rare diseases in general, thereby leading to excessive expenditures for MPS treatment.

  13. Activities aimed at encouraging children to suicidal behavior: judicial-psychological examination

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    Safuanov F.S.

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Federal law of June 7, 2017 g. № 120-FZ "On amendments to the criminal code of the Russian Federation and article 151 of the Criminal procedure code of the Russian Federation in the part of establishing additional mechanisms to counter activities aimed at encouraging children to suicidal behavior" establishes criminal liability for inducement to commit suicide or assist in its Commission (article 110.1 of the criminal code, as well as for the organization of activities aimed at encouraging citizens to commit suicide (article 110.2 of the criminal code. Two additions to the criminal code include using a publicly performed work, the media or information and telecommunications networks (including network "Internet". There are new legal consequences relevant to forensic psychological assessment related to suicide. The article analyzes the legal situation (pre-investigation check of materials and incitement to suicide that define the subject of judicial-psychological or psychological and psychiatric examinations as the mental state of the subject in the period preceding the suicide (death. Legislative innovations require expertise in psychology and linguistics. One of the subjects of psychological-linguistic expertise is the focus of the information material (text, graphic, together verbal and non-verbal information or the communicative activity of the subject to encourage the addressee to co-concluding suicide. Formulate possible questions for the ex-experts and psychologists.

  14. Performance-Based Budgeting and Management of Judicial Courts in France: an Assessment

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    Thierry Kirat

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The efficiency of civil justice has become a central issue in several communities, including national states that have undertaken to reform their civil procedures rules and/or to implement methods of case management (such as the USA and United Kingdomand international organizations such as the Council of Europe and the World Bank. Of course, there has always also been interest on the part of legal academics and judicial/court administration professionals.Court systems have two aspects: on one side, as public institutions, their funding, the recruitment of judges and clerks and employees, the procedural rules they must comply with, are determined by the state. On the other side, as organizations producing dispute resolution services, their operation and management are borne by the chiefs of courts. The importance of capacity management of the former, who are most often judges, is now acknowledged by most specialists, even if the compatibility between legal rationality and managerial rationality is questioned by some of them. This article seeks to explain the situation of French courts, focusing on court administration that can not be addressed without taking account of the broader framework of State policy concerning most specifically the budget-setting process which has undergone recent radical reforms.

  15. Deference and Diffèrance: Judicial Review and the Perfect Gift

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    J De Ville

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The highest courts in both Canada and South Africa have expressed themselves in favour of an approach of deference as respect in the review of administrative action. The notion of deference as respect derives from the thinking of David Dyzenhaus, who has developed a theory of democracy in support of this approach to judicial review. Dyzenhaus’ model of review attempts to steer clear from the problems he associates particularly with positivism and liberalism. Dyzenhaus’ model of review furthermore attempts to allow space for the administration to play a significant role in giving effect to democratic values, on the understanding that all such decisions need to be reasonably justifiable. In this article the views of Dyzenhaus are contrasted with those of Jacques Derrida, especially insofar as the latter has reflected on the relation between law and justice, as well as concepts such as the gift and democracy. The argument developed in this article is that Dyzenhaus’ model of review, despite its many positive features, needs to be rethought with reference to the perfect gift, unconditional justice and democracy to come. Such a rethinking is required because of the limited conception of justice – as simply ‘our’ justice – in Dyzenhaus’ model.

  16. Gender bias and judicial decisions of undue influence in testamentary challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Recupero, Patricia R; Christopher, Paul P; Strong, David R; Price, Marilyn; Harms, Samara E

    2015-03-01

    Allegations of undue influence constitute a common basis for contests of wills. Legal research from the 1990s suggests that gender bias factors significantly into judicial decision-making regarding alleged undue influence and testamentary intent. In this study, we sought to assess whether this bias is present today and to identify any factors that may be associated with it. Probate judges from several jurisdictions in the United States were asked to consider two hypothetical case vignettes drawn from actual published decisions. In our study, the gender of the testator played only a minor role in how judges weighed factors in the decision-making process and, overall, did not significantly influence opinions regarding the presence of undue influence. The specifics of the case and the gender of the judge emerged as the most consistent and robust potential influences on decision-making. Our results suggest that probate rulings involving undue influence are likely to represent a complex interaction of factors involving the testator's and judge's genders and the specifics of individual cases. The implications of these findings are discussed. © 2015 American Academy of Psychiatry and the Law.

  17. [Medical-legal conduct with individuals in judicial or police custody].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medallo Muñiz, Jordi; Martín-Fumadó, Carles; Nuno Vieira, Duarte

    2014-03-01

    The problems involved in caring for individuals in custody, as well as deaths that occur during custody, are relevant aspects of legal and forensic medicine in terms of the possible criminal, civil and administrative responsibility of health professionals and/or public or private institutions that might hold individuals in custody and deprived of freedom. The rule of law should ensure that these cases comply with state law and international agreements and treaties related to human rights and the special treatment of individuals deprived of freedom in hospitals or detention centers. Of particular mention is the medical-forensic activity regarding deaths associated with the use of control holds and/or restraint during the detention of individuals by members of the armed forces or law enforcement or in healthcare centers by safety and healthcare personnel. In these cases, both the immediate healthcare treatment subsequent to the events and the medical-forensic study should be particularly careful. These situations, which are often high profile, cause social alarm and involve judicial actions that can result in especially severe liabilities.

  18. Focussing reduced representation CpG sequencing through judicious restriction enzyme choice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirschner, Sophie A; Hunewald, Oliver; Mériaux, Sophie B; Brunnhoefer, Regina; Muller, Claude P; Turner, Jonathan D

    2016-04-01

    Current restriction enzyme based reduced representation methylation analyses aim for limited, but unbiased, methylome coverage. As the current best estimate suggests that only ~20% of CpGs are dynamically regulated, we characterised the CpG and genomic context surrounding all suitable restriction enzyme sites to identify those that were located in regions rich in dynamically methylated CpGs. The restriction-site distributions for MspI, BstUI, and HhaI were non-random. CpGs in CGI and shelf+shore could be enriched, particularly in gene bodies for all genomic regions, promoters (TSS1500, TSS200), intra- (1st exon, gene body, 3'UTR, 5'UTR) and inter-genic regions. HpyCH4IV enriched CpG elements in the open sea for all genomic elements. Judicious restriction enzyme choice improves the focus of reduced representation approaches by avoiding the monopolization of read coverage by genomic regions that are irrelevant, unwanted or difficult to map, and only sequencing the most informative fraction of CpGs.

  19. Organization Development of the Dutch Judiciary, between Accountability and Judicial Independence

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    Philip Langbroek

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The Netherlands are a country on the European Continent with a French inspired legal system as far as civil and criminal law is concerned. Administrative law has followed a different development and reflects the middle position of the Netherlands between the French, English and German administrative law systems, while maintaining a dominant procedural position of public administration. However, the organization of the Dutch judiciary mainly follows the lines of the original French conceptions: it has been organized in accordance with the concepts brought to the low countries by Napoleons’ army. This traditional continental judicial organization, operated by the ministry of justice and court presidents’ for over 150 years has gone through considerable institutional and organizational change during the last 15 years. In this article I will sketch the outcomes of a mayor evaluation research of the changes in the Dutch judiciary that started in 1995 and evolve until today. I will do this by first describing the change process against the background of the New Public Management. Second, I will describe the proposals for change and the actual changes. Finally I will describe the most salient outcomes of the evaluation study. I will conclude with a brief discussion of these outcomes.

  20. FINALITY OF INDONESIAN CONSTITUTIONAL COURT DECISION IN REGARD TO JUDICIAL REVIEW

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    Suwarno Abadi

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the constitutional status of Constitutional Court’s decisions constitutionally guaranteed as final. This status very critical because it could lead Constitutional Court to the judicial supremacy position. This article argues against this possibility. The status of Constitutional Court’s decisions should be critized on the basis that its finality is prima facie, not absolute. As a solution, this article takes a position called departmentalism which means that court and legislature are not supreme in their authority to interpret the constitution. Artikel ini membahas tentang status konstitusional putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi yang dijamin konstitusi bersifat final. Status tersebut sangat kritikal karena dapat mengarahkan Mahkamah Konstitusi ke posisi supremasi yudisial. Artikel ini berargumen tidak setuju atas kemungkinan tersebut. Oleh karena itu, status putusan Mahkamah Konstitusi perlu dikritisi dengan dasar bahwa finalitasnya tersebut bersifat “prima facie”, tidak absolut. Sebagai solusinya, artikel ini mengambil posisi departementalisme yang memiliki pengertian bahwa pengadilan dan legislator tidak memiliki supremasi atas kewenangan untuk melakukan interpretasi konstitusi.