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Sample records for activismo judicial sobre

  1. Derechos sociales y activismo judicial: la dimensión fáctica del activismo judicial en derechos sociales en Colombia

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    Maria Paula Saffon

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Desde su creación en 1991, la Corte Constitucional colombiana (en adelante, CCC ha sido uno de los principales protagonistas de la vida política e institucional del país. Su vigorosa intervención en varios asuntos económicos, políticos y sociales ha promovido cambios importantes en el balance institucional de poder, así como en la vida de minorías y grupos sociales tradicionalmente excluidos. Este activismo judicial progresista1 ha propiciado una gran cantidad de debates académicos y políticos: si bien ha tenido defensores entre algunos académicos, miembros de movimientos sociales, e incluso varios actores políticos y miembros de la rama judicial, también ha tenido muchos críticos entre esos y otros sectores más poderosos.

  2. Análisis económico del activismo judicial: el caso de la Corte Constitucional colombiana

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    Jairo Andrés Castaño Peña

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Este escrito presenta una aproximación al fenómeno del activismo judicial desde la perspectiva del Análisis Económico del Derecho (AED. Como cometido, pretende mostrar que existen una serie de incentivos y de circunstancias que hacen que las decisiones de la Corte Constitucional colombiana se puedan calificar como activistas. Para tal fin, en primer lugar, se establecen unos derroteros básicos para la comprensión de la actividad judicial, específicamente de las funciones de control de constitucionalidad y de revisión de acción de tutela de la Corte Constitucional de Colombia; en segundo lugar, se realiza un acercamiento al concepto de activismo judicial, para, a continuación, presentar la formulación de políticas públicas y la creación de leyes como productos dentro de un modelo de mercado, esto con el fin de explicar y mostrar, desde el Análisis Económico del Derecho, las razones que explican la existencia del fenómeno del activismo judicial en el caso colombiano. En último lugar, se presentan dos casos de activismo judicial por parte de la Corte Constitucional colombiana: en primer término, el caso de la protección del derecho a la vivienda digna, o caso del UPAC, y en segundo término, el caso de la protección de los derechos de los recicladores de oficio; casos, uno y otro, donde se puede ver que existen incentivos que provocan decisiones activistas.

  3. Sobre el razonamiento judicial

    OpenAIRE

    Asís Roig, Rafael de

    1998-01-01

    El trabajo elabora modelos a través de los cuáles es posible reconstruir la argumentación judicial plasmada en las sentencias y, a la vez, hacer explícitas las reglas que sirven de justificación a sus decisiones, y el marco normativo utilizado como referencia. El estudio analiza tanto los pronunciamientos sobre hechos como los que se refieren a la calificación jurídica, en principio, desde una perspectiva descriptiva. Ahora bien, también se llevan a cabo reflexiones y propuestas que van más a...

  4. Activismo indígena en Latinamérica: nuevos estudios, nuevos enfoques sobre los movimientos sociales étnicos

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    García, Claudia

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Recent publications by Staffan Löfving, Heidi Moksnes, Rachel Sieder y Kay B. Warren y Jean E. Jackson, which discuss Indian activism in southern Mexico and Guatemala and which reflect a new historiographic trend, are subjected to critical scruting.

    La reciente publicación de las monografías de Staffan Löfving, Heidi Moksnes, Rachel Sieder y Kay B. Warren y Jean E. Jackson sobre el activismo indígena en el sur de México y Guatemala suponen un nuevo enfoque historiográfico que se analiza en detalle en este artículo.

  5. Usos políticos y activismo feminista de las páginas web sobre violencia contra las mujeres en España: una visión a partir de las potenciales usuarias

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    Sonia NÚÑEZ PUENTE

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El uso de Internet y de las Nuevas Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación están transformando las vías de representación y movilización políticas en la praxis feminista. Sus usos, institucionales y ciudadanos, configuran y alteran la esfera pública y contribuyen a situar en dicha esfera los objetivos fundamentales del activismo feminista. En este sentido, siendo el problema de la violencia contra las mujeres uno de los principales objetos de la praxis feminista actual, urge examinar la formación de comunidades virtuales feministas y la propia praxis feminista online como instrumentos de debate y movilización en el caso concreto de la lucha contra la violencia hacia las mujeres. Aunque en nuestra investigación proyectamos un estudio de caso, las páginas web dedicadas a la lucha contra la violencia hacia las mujeres y la consecuente formación de comunidades virtuales asentadas en la praxis feminista, adoptamos una perspectiva multidisciplinar: la única capaz de arrojar luz sobre el potencial de Internet y las NTIC en las dimensiones reivindicativa y participativa de la praxis feminista española online. Pretendemos identificar una tipología de usuarias de dichas comunidades virtuales feministas y de sus páginas web, y, también, sistematizar sus patrones de consumo. Intentaremos explicarlos en relación con las características de la articulación de los colectivos en red orientados a la praxis feminista en España y cómo estas comunidades online han conseguido importantes logros políticos en relación con la lucha contra la violencia hacia las mujeres como es el caso de la aprobación de la Ley Orgánica de Medidas de Protección Integral contra la Violencia de Género. Para ello hemos realizado una encuesta a una muestra representativa de las potenciales usuarias, víctimas de violencia de género, de las páginas web dedicadas a la lucha contra la violencia hacia las mujeres sobre los usos políticos y de activismo

  6. activismo y estéticas en experimento

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    Omar Rincón

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Podemos comunicarlo todo: tenemos las tecnologías de la comunicación cada vez más cerca; pero no podemos contar nada, porque no tenemos nada qué decir, ni sabemos cómo decirlo. Hay que inventarlo todo, intervenir de nuevo la sociedad desde la comunicación. Es necesario convertir los medios en experiencia estética, social y política. ¿Cómo? Usando a las tecnologías para el activismo y el experimento; recurriendo a los llamado retro, porque no es lo más actual, lo más mercado, como experiencia de inspiración y emoción. Hay que volver a las estéticas, a los modos de narrar y a las historias que están inscritas en nuestras identidades locales; en nuestras sensibilidades femeninas, juveniles o sexuales; en nuestras tradiciones étnicas, o en nuestros modos urbanos. Sólo basta una minicámara para inventar el universo. En este ensayo se realiza un alegato contra los universos estético-narrativopolíticos construidos por la máquina televisiva y la homogeneidad del mercado. En este texto se argumenta a favor del activismo comunicativo, de la exploración tecnológica y de la inspiración étnica como estrategias para generar una mayor conciencia sobre el valor social de la comunicación, la intervención estético-narrativa de la sociedad y la importancia política de los medios de la gente.

  7. Um enfoque sanitário sobre a demanda judicial de medicamentos A sanitary focus on medicines lawsuit

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    Tatiana Aragão Figueiredo

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available No Brasil, apesar dos avanços da assistência farmacêutica, permanecem falhas na garantia do acesso dos cidadãos aos medicamentos pelo Estado. Nos últimos anos, vem crescendo a reivindicação de medicamentos por parte do cidadão via sistema judiciário. Os objetos dessas solicitações são tanto os medicamentos em falta na rede pública como aqueles ainda não incorporados pelo Sistema Único de Saúde. Este fenômeno pode ser analisado sob diferentes perspectivas, inclusive a sanitária, entendida aqui como os desfechos sobre a saúde dos indivíduos que demandam estes medicamentos. O presente texto busca discutir as principais características das demandas judiciais frente aos seguintes aspectos: o uso racional de medicamentos, o uso de evidências científicas para a indicação terapêutica proposta e o quanto as demandas se justificam diante do conceito de acesso adotado pelo campo da assistência farmacêutica. Ponderações podem ser feitas no sentido de minimizar os riscos à saúde dos demandantes de medicamentos por via judicial, sobretudo quando o objeto da ação são medicamentos não pertencentes às listas de fornecimento público, ou com uso off label, ou desprovidos de registro no país. Considera-se que o Judiciário, a partir do fornecimento de medicamentos, busca garantir a saúde dos demandantes, e assim a dignidade da pessoa humana. Cabe ressaltar que este objetivo só será atingido quando a garantia da saúde estiver associada aos aspectos que certificam a segurança do paciente, inclusive no uso de medicamentos.In Brazil, in spite of advances in the field of pharmaceutical care, problems in assurance, by the State, of access to medicines persist. Since the early 1990s, the judicial demand of medicines by citizens has increased. The lawsuits demand medicines that are out-of-stock in the public sector as well as medicines that have not yet been incorporated by the Brazilian Health System. This phenomenon may be

  8. Consideraciones sobre el concepto de Arma de Fuego en la Balística Judicial

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    Amaury Suárez González

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available El empleo de armas de fuego como uno de los medios en la comisión de hechos delictivos no ha dejado de ser una constante dentro de la ocurrencia del delito y de hecho su uso se ha venido incrementando si no significativamente sí de forma sostenida, lo cual repercute en la necesidad de una mayor atención a este tema. En el caso específico de la Criminalística nos ha tocado muy a menudo dilucidar si determinado ingenio constituye o no un arma de fuego y de serlo que tipo, lo cual redunda de una forma u otra en la posterior apreciación que se forma con relación a nuestro dictamen el tribunal que tiene ante si esta problemática. El presente trabajo expone reflexiones sobre esta temática, así como, el juicio o punto de vista del autor sobre el particular, además de sus consideraciones al respecto que dicho sea de paso intenta tanto en el orden jurídico como en el orden técnico ayudar a comprender las principales premisas del tema ,brindando a su vez una conceptualidad fundamentada y junto a esta la clasificación brindada como resultado de las investigaciones Criminalísticas en el país y el exterior como un material de consulta para los Juristas y demás interesados

  9. A psicologia comunitária e o sistema judicial: Uma nova forma de olhar e intervir sobre a delinquência

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    Veríssimo, Manuela

    1990-01-01

    Este artigo apresenta as teorias da Psicologia Comunitária sobre o problema da delinquência, ao mesmo tempo que apresenta alguns dos programas que esta tem vindo a implantar junto do Sistema Judicial. Salienta-se o facto de todos estes programas visarem não só diminuir a delinquência mas também contribuir para uma mudança profunda nos objectivos e formas de trabalhar neste sistema.

  10. Textos en contexto: activismo de las mujeres afrocolombianas en el litoral pacífico colombiano

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    Kiran Asher Traducción Adriana Escobar

    2002-10-01

    Full Text Available Este documento recorre la línea divisoria entre teóricos feministas y expertos de género que se orientan hacia la praxis, con el fin de apoyar una lectura más adecuada de las críticas feministas poscoloniales en torno al género y al desarrollo.Inspirándose en el activismo de las mujeres afrocolombianas del Litoral Pacífico de Colombia, este texto argumenta que el «lenguaje teórico denso» de feministas poscoloniales no está dirigido a las mujeres del Tercer Mundo. Así mismo, fundamenta el hecho de que las mujeres de esta región poseen una habilidad independiente para actuar y reflexionar sobre su propia realidad y afirma que tales enfoques exhortan a los investigadores, académicos, activistas y expertos en género del Norte y el Sur a hacer una reflexión crítica de sus deseos y métodos para mejorar la vida de las mujeres del Tercer Mundo, así como a comprometerse con políticas feministas estratégicas más inclusivas.

  11. El convenio de la Unión Europea sobre competencia judicial, reconocimiento y ejecución de resoluciones en materia matrimonial: un ejercicio de preciosismo barroco

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    Ruben B. Santos Belandro

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available El grupo de países europeos que se encuentra comprometido en el proceso de integración económica formuló hace ya tiempo, los criterios para determinar las bases de competencia a fi~ de resolver los litigios de derecho privado que pudieran surgir en dicho espacio geográfico. El documento elaborado fue el Convenio de Bruselas sobre competencia judicial y ejecución de las resoluciones en materia civil y mercantil del 27 de setiembre de 1968. Sin embargo, en dicho momento no fue posible regular las bases de competencia en los procedimientos civiles que se vinculaban conlos temas del divorcio, de la separación legal de los cónyuges y acerca de las cuestiones relacionadas conla nulidad del matrimonio (...Contenido: Ambito de aplicación. Bases de competencia directa. Verificación de la competenciay verificación de la admisibilidad. Litispendentia y acciones conexas. Reconocimiento y ejecución. Definiciones. Ejecución.Procedimiento de la ejecución. Ejecución parcial. Cláusulas de compatibilidad interconvencionales. Tribunal de Justicia de las Comunidades Europeas. Una visión general del Convenio

  12. Judicialização da política: um ensaio sobre o procedimentalismo deliberativo na jurisdição constitucional brasileira / Judicialization of politics: an essay on deliberative proceduralism in brazilian judicial review

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    Marcio Renan Hamel

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumo O presente texto aborda o crescente fenômeno da judicialização da política no contexto brasileiro, questionando se a principal metodologia do Poder Judiciário deve ser a de criar espaços ou a de ser espaço. A defesa é embasada na obra do filósofo Jürgen Habermas, apontando-se para um aumento da atividade procedimental democrática de deliberação pública, legitimando a lei positiva e diminuindo a intervenção judiciária. Palavras-chave: Judicialização; política; procedimento; democracia; jurisdição. Abstract The present text deals with the growing phenomenon of politics judicialization in the brazilian context, questioning wheter the main methodology of the Judiciary should be to create spaces or to be space. The defence is based on the work of the philosopher Jürgen Habermas, pointing to an increased of the democratic procedural activity of public deliberation, legitimising positive law and decreasing judicial intervention. Keywords: Judicialization; policy; procedure; democracy; jurisdiction.

  13. Las leyes sobre vagancia: Control policial y práctica judicial en el ocaso de la frontera (Tandil 1872-1881

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    Gisela Sedeillán

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available A fines de la década de 1870, el gobierno provincial, con el objeto de lograr mayor control social sobre la población rural, implementó una reestructuración policial en la campaña bonaerense. La misma tenía por objetivo afianzar la propiedad privada y contribuir al mercado de trabajo, asimismo perseguía un fuerte interés en satisfacer la necesidad del estado de hombres en plena etapa de expansión de la frontera. La presión reclutadora del estado se reflejará en un aumento de detenidos por vagancia, dado que las leyes de represión de la vagancia del Código Rural permitían su penalización al servicio de las armas. El Código Rural sancionado en 1865 estipulaba dos normas procesales a cumplir en los acusados: formación de un sumario y constitución de un jury para su juzgamiento. Disposiciones que raramente se pusieron en práctica por los jueces de paz desde que esta legislación entró en vigencia. Será a fines de la década de 1870 cuando el gobierno exigirá más firmemente no solo la persecución de la vagancia sino también la aplicación de estas normas procesales en los acusados. Aún así, el análisis de la práctica judicial revelará que continuará existiendo una constante manipulación normativa sobre la base de dos valores que se intentaban afianzar, el trabajo y la propiedad. En los perjudiciales que atentaran contra estos dos valores, será en quienes se manipulará la normativa sancionada y se canalizará la presión reclutadora.

  14. Judicial Truth

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    Varvara Licuta Coman

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available All major world encyclopedias define the essence of a phenomenon as being the unification of traits and necessary internal relations, with a relative stability in connection with adjacent phenomena. In this study, we chose to investigate a concept that is the essence of the law, namely, the judicial truth. Starting from the social intent of the law, which is to regulate the social relations, we proposed as a priority objective of this study to highlight the idea that the science of law disregards any subjective human judgment and any values outside the values of true and false. So, in this paper, we analyzed both the concept of truth and the judicial truth. The legal phenomenon is not a specific thing, and its scientific truth is an argumentative construction of the idea of justice, depending on a legal doctrine or another.

  15. Judicial Auditing.

    OpenAIRE

    Spitzer, Matt; Talley, Eric

    2000-01-01

    This paper presents a simple framework for analyzing a hierarchical system of judicial auditing. We concentrate on (what we perceive to be) the two principal reasons that courts and/or legislatures tend to scrutinize the decisions of lower-echelon actors: imprecision and ideological bias. In comparing these two reasons, we illustrate how each may yield systematically distinct auditing and reversal behaviors. While auditing for imprecision tends to bring about evenhanded review/reversal, audit...

  16. On Judicial and Quasi-Judicial Independence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Comtois, Suzanne; de Graaf, K.J.

    2013-01-01

    'Principles of judicial and quasi-judicial independence are fundamental to all democracies and yet, the notion of independence is still elusive. What is judicial and quasi-judicial independence and why is it important? From whom and what are the judiciary and other adjudicators to be independent? Is

  17. El activismo de los inversionistas institucionales en el gobierno de las grandes sociedades

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    Carlos Ernesto Arcudia Hernández

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El movimiento del gobierno corporativo ha propuesto una serie de medidas que buscan resolver los problemas de separación entre el control y la gestión de las sociedades anónimas -los problemas de agencia. En este trabajo analizamos el activismo de los inversionistas institucionales como medio de control a la administración de sociedades de capital disperso. Los inversionistas institucionales en Estados Unidos han actuado por vía extraorgánica y por vía orgánica para controlar la gestión de las grandes sociedades de ese país. Si bien este activismo es una posible solución, la estructura de capital de las grandes sociedades anónimas mexicanas y los intereses de los inversores institucionales hacen un tanto difícil su actuación en nuestro país.

  18. Evaluating Judicial Performance: Editors’ Introduction

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    Francesco Contini

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The articles in this issue tackle the conceptual issues associated with defining good judging and the purposes of evaluating judges, and ask such questions as: What values are central to the judicial role? What knowledge, skills, abilities, and other qualities are important to judicial performance? What does scholarship tell us about judging and judicial performance? What are the challenges in measuring judicial performance, the extent to which existing evaluation programs can capture what it means to be a judge, and the potential for developing multi-method evaluation programs? An underlying theme is the nature and desirability of linking evaluations of individual judges with evaluations of the court system and the ways in which results from performance evaluation can be incorporated into educational and other programs designed to promote improvements in the quality of the judiciary. The papers cluster around three major themes: (i Conceptual and methodological issues; (ii Experiences of evaluating judges; and (iii Empirical research findings. Los artículos de este número abordan aspectos conceptuales asociados con el hecho de juzgar de forma correcta y los propósitos de evaluar a los jueces, y plantean preguntas como: ¿qué valores son básicos en el rol judicial? ¿Qué conocimiento, aptitudes, habilidades y otras cualidades son importantes para el rendimiento judicial? ¿Qué nos dice el mundo académico sobre el hecho de juzgar y el rendimiento judicial? ¿Cuáles son los retos en la medición del rendimiento judicial, hasta qué punto los programas de evaluación existentes pueden capturar lo que significa ser un juez, y el potencial para desarrollar programas de evaluación multidisciplinares? Un tema subyacente es la naturaleza y la deseabilidad de unir evaluaciones de jueces individuales con evaluaciones del sistema judicial, y las formas en las que los resultados del rendimiento judicial se pueden incorporar en programas educativos

  19. La doctrina casacional sobre la transparencia de las cláusulas suelo conculca la garantía constitucional de la tutela judicial efectiva

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    Carrasco Perera, Angel Francisco; González Carrasco, María Carmen

    2013-01-01

    La Sentencia del Tribunal Supremo 241/2013, de 9 de mayo, relativa a la declaración de nulidad de las cláusulas suelo en préstamos hipotecarios por falta de transparencia es inconstitucional por vulnerar el derecho a la tutela judicial efectiva. Este artículo expone los argumentos que justifican este reproche. The Judgment of the Supreme Court 241/2013, of 9th May, on unfairness of “bottom” clauses in mortgage loans due to lack of transparency is unconstitutionality because of the ...

  20. El activismo de los inversionistas institucionales en el gobierno de las grandes sociedades

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Ernesto Arcudia Hernández

    2012-01-01

    El movimiento del gobierno corporativo ha propuesto una serie de medidas que buscan resolver los problemas de separación entre el control y la gestión de las sociedades anónimas -los problemas de agencia. En este trabajo analizamos el activismo de los inversionistas institucionales como medio de control a la administración de sociedades de capital disperso. Los inversionistas institucionales en Estados Unidos han actuado por vía extraorgánica y por vía orgánica para controlar la gestión de la...

  1. Internação psiquiátrica e ordem judicial: saberes e poderes sobre adolescentes usuários de drogas ilícitas Internación psiquiátrica y orden judicial: saberes y poderes sobre adolescentes usuarios de drogas ilícitas Psychiatric internments and judicial orders: knowledge and power with regard to drug-abuse young people

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    Andrea Cristina Coelho Scisleski

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa a internação psiquiátrica compulsória destinada a adolescentes usuários de drogas que vivem em situação de marginalidade social, a partir de uma pesquisa de mestrado no Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia Social e Institucional/UFRGS, realizada em um hospital psiquiátrico público na cidade de Porto Alegre/Brasil. O objetivo do estudo é investigar como a internação psiquiátrica, nesses moldes, é produzida, levando em conta as trajetórias sociais dos adolescentes. A discussão reside em debater a internação psiquiátrica compulsória no encaminhamento de adolescentes aos serviços de saúde, pondo em questão seus efeitos no campo das políticas públicas e nos processos de subjetivação. Conclui-se que a ordem judicial nos encaminhamentos à internação psiquiátrica pode funcionar tanto como uma forma de punição aos adolescentes quanto como um meio de acesso aos serviços de saúde.Este artículo analiza la internación psiquiátrica por determinación judicial direccionada a adolescentes usuarios de drogas ilícitas, que viven en situación de marginalidad social, desde una investigación de Maestría en "Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia Social e Institucional/UFRGS", realizada en un Hospital Psiquiátrico público en la ciudad de Porto Alegre/Brasil. El objetivo de este estudio es investigar como la internación psiquiátrica es producida de esa manera, llevando en cuenta las trayectorias sociales de los adolescentes internos. La discusión reside en debatir la internación psiquiátrica por determinación judicial en encaminamiento de adolescentes a los servicios de salud, cuestionando sus efectos en el campo de las políticas públicas y en los procesos de subjetivación que afectan la vida de esos pacientes. Se concluye que la determinación judicial en los encaminamientos a la internación psiquiátrica puede funcionar tanto como una manera de punición a los adolescentes como tambi

  2. JUDICIAL ORGANIZATION THEORY'S MATTER

    OpenAIRE

    Logvinov D.A.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose. The article presents the author's solution to the problem of legal regulation sphere in public and legal relations on the organization of the judiciary, critical analysis of the widely discussed in legal science the concept of «judicial law», ability and nature of «judicial law», capability and nature of «judicial law» as a regulatory system and an independent scientific direction. In addition, the article raised the question of ensuring internal content of such sphere of research th...

  3. Dimensões da governança judicial e sua aplicação ao sistema judicial brasileiro Judicial governance dimensions and their appointment to the Brazilian judicial system

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    Luiz Akutsu

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available A administração da Justiça brasileira enfrenta dificuldades crônicas de acessibilidade da população de menor renda à Justiça, de morosidade e de baixa eficácia das deliberações judiciais. O presente estudo busca contribuir para o exame de soluções para tais dificuldades, tendo como objetivos identificar dimensões relacionadas ao conceito de governança judicial estudadas em pesquisas empíricas recentes e discutir como tais dimensões podem influenciar o desempenho do sistema judicial brasileiro. As seguintes dimensões foram identificadas: independência judicial; accountability; acessibilidade à Justiça; estrutura do Poder Judiciário; recursos estratégicos do Poder Judiciário; e desempenho do sistema judicial. Ante a escassez de estudos empíricos sobre gestão do judiciário em geral e do Brasil em particular, foram formuladas propostas de pesquisas para avaliar, entre outros aspectos: (a a influência do desenvolvimento dos recursos estratégicos no desempenho do Poder Judiciário; e (b o impacto, na diminuição da corrupção do sistema judicial brasileiro, do aumento da independência judicial e da garantia de que os juízes sejam accountables perante a sociedade.The Brazilian justice management faces chronic difficulties of accessibility of lower income population to justice, the slowness and low effectiveness of the judicial decisions. In order to contribute to the analysis of solutions to these difficulties, the objectives of this paper are to identify dimensions related to the concept of judicial governance studied in recent empirical researches, and discuss how these dimensions can push the performance of the Brazilian judicial system. The following dimensions were identified: Judicial Independence, Accountability, Accessibility to Justice; Structure of the Judiciary; Strategic Resources of the Judiciary, and Judiciary's Performance. Faced with the scarcity of empirical studies on management of the judiciary

  4. “Mujeres de otra raza”: la irrupción del peronismo en el activismo femenino/feminista

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    Natalia Martínez Prado

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo realizamos un recorrido histórico del activismo femenino entre las décadas del treinta y el cincuenta con el propósito de detenernos en sus procesos (des articulatorios/ (des identificatorios. Desde una perspectiva post-estructuralista del análisis del discurso, procuramos rastrear esos procesos habilitados por ciertas maneras de hacer política, intentando reconocer los sentidos que históricamente se fueron fijando y desplazando en los principales significantes identitarios entre las mujeres activistas. Específicamente, nuestro recorrido se concentra en el activismo feminista y las continuidades y rupturas que se produjeron a partir de sus prácticas articulatorias con los diversos partidos políticos. Así, señalamos cómo las feministas, condicionadas por su histórica vinculación con el Partido Socialista, se vieron paradójicamente desarticuladas frente a la masiva movilización de las mujeres y la incorporación de sus reclamos en el flamante Partido Peronista Femenino. En otras palabras, señalamos cómo en ese período fueron subsumidas bajo la lógica hegemónica de la evitización de la política femenina.

  5. Terrorist Threats and Judicial Deference

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rytter, Jens Elo

    2014-01-01

    The article analyses the extent to which judicial restraint in cases concerning national security is justified. It is argued that the extent of restraint must depend on the normative issue/aspect which is subject to judicial review....

  6. Judicial Influence on Policy Outputs?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Martinsen, Dorte Sindbjerg

    2015-01-01

    The ability of courts to generate political change has long been debated in national, comparative, and international politics. In the examination of the interaction between judicial and legislative politics, scholars have disagreed on the degree of judicial power and the ability of politics...... to override unwanted jurisprudence. In this debate, the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) has become famous for its central and occasionally controversial role in European integration. This article examines to what extent and under which conditions judicial decisions influence European Union (EU......) social policy outputs. A taxonomy of judicial influence is constructed, and expectations of institutional and political conditions on judicial influence are presented. The analysis draws on an extensive novel data set and examines judicial influence on EU social policies over time, that is, between 1958...

  7. The Impact of Judicial Reform on Crime Victimization and Trust in Institutions in Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanco, Luisa

    2016-01-01

    This article studies the impact of judicial reform in Mexico. It does so using a survey about crime victimization and perceptions of insecurity (Encuesta Nacional Sobre la Inseguridad [ENSI]) collected in 2005, 2008, and 2009 in 11 Mexican cities, 3 of which implemented the reform in 2007 and 2008. This analysis shows that judicial reform not only reduces victimization but also lowers perceptions of security. Although we find that judicial reform has a negative effect on trust in the local and federal police, judicial reform reduces the probability of being asked by the transit police for a bribe. PMID:26645670

  8. The Impact of Judicial Reform on Crime Victimization and Trust in Institutions in Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blanco, Luisa

    2016-01-01

    This article studies the impact of judicial reform in Mexico. It does so using a survey about crime victimization and perceptions of insecurity (Encuesta Nacional Sobre la Inseguridad [ENSI]) collected in 2005, 2008, and 2009 in 11 Mexican cities, 3 of which implemented the reform in 2007 and 2008. This analysis shows that judicial reform not only reduces victimization but also lowers perceptions of security. Although we find that judicial reform has a negative effect on trust in the local and federal police, judicial reform reduces the probability of being asked by the transit police for a bribe.

  9. HACIA LA CONSTITUCIONALIZACIÓN DEL PRECEDENTE JUDICIAL EN COLOMBIA, ¿UN ESFUERZO POR CONTROLAR A LAS FUENTES DEL DERECHO?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Pablo Sarmiento E

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available El activismo judicial y la creación derivada del derecho han situado al precedentecomo fuente de derecho, algunas veces, fuente principal para la práctica jurídica. En realidad, se argumenta, el constituyente derivado parecería llegar tarde a lainstitucionalización del precedente como fuente principal de derecho. El juez colombiano no ha sido neófito en la creación de normas jurídicas por medio de la cosa juzgada implícita. Por ello, se explorará cuál ha sido el recorrido, en lapráctica colombiana, de la reforma constitucional dirigida a regular los efectos relativos de la producción jurisprudencial.

  10. O activismo estético feminista de Nikki Craft Nikki Craft's aesthetic feminist activism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Pedro Fonseca

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Uma das condições para que na sociedade sejam alicerçados valores de género misóginos consiste na existência de uma estrutura de produção cultural heterossexual compulsiva, dominante e universalista que estabeleça princípios de representação dos sexos claramente diferenciados, que tendam a favorecer mais o homem em detrimento da mulher. Partimos de um princípio de que a produção da cultura origina processos de reprodução, o que significa, em termos práticos, que a representação de signos, códigos, valores e comportamentos associados aos sexos é potencialmente materializada nas sociedades, por homens e por mulheres. Essa tem sido uma batalha levada a cabo por muitas mulheres a partir da segunda vaga do movimento feminista, nomeadamente pela ala mais radical, que tem procurado reivindicar novos paradigmas no que diz respeito às convenções culturais de género. O que propomos neste estudo é analisar algumas das campanhas levadas a cabo por Nikki Craft, uma feminista radical norte-americana que viria a organizar e/ou a protagonizar nos anos 1970 e 1980 vários protestos em espaços públicos de algumas cidades dos Estados Unidos. Neste estudo procuramos clarificar as motivações e as estratégias levadas a cabo por essa feminista, cujos activismos incidiram contra algumas das estruturas culturais (campo da arte, instituições da beleza e indústria pornográfica legitimadoras de representações desencadeadoras de prejuízos para a mulherOne of the conditions for misogynic genders to be settled in society consists on the existence of a compulsive dominant and universal heterosexual cultural production, which establishes clearly differentiated representation principles of both sexes. These representation principles tend to favour more the man, disregarding the woman. We consider that culture production gives origin to reproduction processes, which means that, in practical terms, the representation of signs, codes, values

  11. ESTADO DE DERECHO, MISIÓN DE LA FEDERACIÓN INTERAMERICANA DE ABOGADOS (LAS EXPERIENCIAS DE NICARAGUA Y EL SALVADOR JUSTICIA CONSTITUCIONAL O ACTIVISMO JUDICIAL?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renaldy J. Gutierrez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Partiendo de la experiencia del autor en representación de la Inter-American Bar Association, dentro del campo del Estado de Derecho, el artículo analiza dos situaciones de conflicto en el área Centroamericana, Nicaragua y El Salvador. En ambos casos, el autor, al frente de un equipo de la InterAmerican Bar Association, realizó un trabajo de investigación académica centrada dentro del concepto del Estado de Derecho y de la Justicia Constitucional en ambos países. En el caso de Nicaragua el análisis gira alrededor de la relección del Presidente de la República y las diversas acciones legales y judiciales desarrolladas para tal fin. En el caso de El Salvador, estudia los conflictos de poder planteados entre la Asamblea Legislativa y la Sala de lo Constitucional de la Corte Suprema de Justicia en el período 2010-2012 que han afectado de algún modo el orden constitucional de aquel país. El texto propugna por un balance entre los poderes del Estado, dentro del orden constitucional, tomando como ejemplo al Doctrina de la Cuestión Política de los Estados Unidos de América y otras consideraciones de fondo.

  12. La reforma judicial de 1994 en México

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriela Beatriz González-Gómez; Ma. De Lourdes González Chávez

    2007-01-01

    El artículo forma parte del fundamento teórico de la investigación doctoral que se llevó a cabo en la Universidad Autónoma del Estado de México sobre el impacto de factores sociales en el desempeño del personal del Poder Judicial que ocasionó la reforma constitucional federal de 1994 al modificar la estructura y funcionamiento de la Suprema Corte de Justicia y en consecuencia, de todo el Poder Judicial de México. El texto aquí desarrollado aborda los principios más generales de la teoría de j...

  13. Judicial Review and Political Partisanship

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Garoupaa, Nuno; Grembi, Veronica

    2015-01-01

    of substantive judicial review (ricorsi in via principale) from 1985 to 2005, and proposing new measures of political alignment within constitutional review, we analyze the effect of a change in the political party system on judicial behavior. Our results show that political alignment is a stronger predictor...

  14. Consolidación democrática y Poder Judicial: los riesgos de la judicialización de la política

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier Couso

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available De un tiempo a esta parte, se ha instalado en el léxico de la ciencia política la expresión "judicialización de la política", para referirse a la creciente importancia de las cortes en el campo político. En este artículo, se aborda el rol de ésta en las democracias emergentes, para indagar si las esperanzas puestas en ella para apoyar procesos de consolidación democrática están bien fundadas. Luego de describir la articulación del discurso experto que erigió al activismo judicial como un elemento decisivo del Estado democrático de derecho, y después de analizar las condiciones de posibilidad y los peligros de la judicialización en las nuevas democracias, se arguye que una prematura introducción de esta última pone en peligro la independencia del poder judicial.Over the last decade or so, the notion of the "judicialization of politics" has become part and parcel of the language of political science. The term refers to the increased relevance of the courts in the political domain. In this article, the author assesses the role of judicialization in support of processes of democratic consolidation, in order to evaluate if the hopes placed on it are well founded. After describing the articulation of the expert discourse which enacted judicial activism as a core element of the rcombatir ule of law, and after analysing the preconditions and risks of it in new democracies, the article argues that the premature introduction of judicialization represents a threat to the independence of the judiciary.

  15. Selected Regional Judicial Officer Cases, 2005 - Present

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Environmental Protection Agency — This dataset contains selected cases involving EPA's Regional Judicial Officers (RJOs) from 2005 to present. EPA's Regional Judicial Officers (RJOs) perform...

  16. Arbitration and Judicialization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alec Stone Sweet

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The arbitral world is at a crucial point in its historical development, poised between two conflicting conceptions of its nature, purpose, and political legitimacy. Formally, the arbitrator is an agent of the contracting parties in dispute, a creature of a discrete contract gone wrong. Yet, increasingly, arbitrators are treated as agents of a larger global community, and arbitration houses concern themselves with the general and prospective impact of important awards. In this paper, I address these questions, first, from the standpoint of delegation theory. In Part I, I introduce the basic “Principal-Agent” framework [P-A] used by social scientists to explain why actors create new institutions, and then briefly discuss how P-A has been applied to the study of courts. Part II uses delegation theory to frame discussion of arbitration as a mode of governance for transnational business and investment. In Part III, I argue that the International Center for the Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID is presently in the throes of judicialization, indicators of which include the enhanced use of precedent-based argumentation and justification, the acceptance of third-party briefs, and a flirtation with proportionality balancing. Part IV focuses on the first wave of awards rendered by ICSID tribunals pursuant to Argentina’s response to the crushing economic crisis of 2000-02, wherein proportionality emerged, adapted from the jurisprudence of the Appellate Body of the World Trade Organization.

  17. O Supremo Tribunal Federal e a anencefalia: uma reflexão sobre a legitimidade democrática do Judiciário à luz de Rawls, Habermas e Nino

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Eugenia Bunchaft

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1677-2954.2011v10n3p55O debate entre Habermas e Rawls representa uma contribuição fundamental para a compreensão das questões sobre reconhecimento, multiculturalismo e pós-secularismo, introduzindo diferentes concepções filosóficas que podem contribuir sobre a temática acerca do uso público da razão, a fim de elucidar as diferentes percepções teóricas capazes de atender aos desafios propostos pelas sociedades pluralistas. Carlos Santiago Nino, por sua vez, estabeleceu uma estratégia teórica denominada “construtivismo epistemológico”, delineada a partir do debate Habermas-Rawls. Por conseguinte, pretendemos articular os fundamentos filosóficos atinentes à concepção de razão pública delineada por Rawls e Habermas e ao construtivismo epistemológico de Carlos Santiago Nino com a análise da legitimidade democrática do STF na resolução de uma questão moral controvertida que é objeto de um desacordo moral razoável: o aborto de fetos anencéfalos.

  18. Judicial Affairs and the Future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavela, Gary

    1996-01-01

    American colleges and universities will play an increasingly important role in revitalizing a national sense of identity and community. Judicial affairs offices can contribute to that process by helping students define and protect values essential to community life. (Author)

  19. 40 CFR 179.125 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 179.125 Section 179... EVIDENTIARY PUBLIC HEARING Judicial Review § 179.125 Judicial review. (a) The Administrator's final decision... judicial review within the period ending on the 60th day after the date of the publication of the...

  20. 40 CFR 178.65 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 178.65 Section 178.65... REQUESTS FOR HEARINGS Judicial Review § 178.65 Judicial review. An order issued under § 178.37 is final... of the order in the Federal Register. The failure to file a petition for judicial review within...

  1. 28 CFR 71.42 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 71.42 Section 71.42....42 Judicial review. Section 3805 of title 31, United States Code, authorizes judicial review by an... assessments under this part and specifies the procedures for such review....

  2. Reflexiones sobre arte para lo político y representación en las acciones del colectivo LULI

    OpenAIRE

    Fukelman, María Cristina; Di María, Graciela; Sánchez Pórfido, Elisabet; González, Silvia Juana; Albero, María Marta; Gatica, Danisa; Naón, Marisa; Ladaga, Cristian; Montequin, Diana; Estévez, Mariana

    2013-01-01

    Esta ponencia tiene como finalidad reflexionar sobre determinados conceptos, de diferentes densidades semánticas, que designan, explican y analizan modalidades de producción artística centradas en espacios alternativos, que dan la espalda a los espacios y medios institucionales tradicionales del campo artístico. Se referirá a algunas acciones del colectivo LULI. Entre los conceptos que se trabajaran se encuentra el arte político, arte para lo político, arte público, arte de acción, activismo,...

  3. Poder de policía: los efectos de la causa “Mendoza” sobre los principios que rigen la competencia regulatoria y judicial en materia ambiental, con particular referencia a la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Páez, María E.

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available En el año 2008 la Corte Suprema de Justicia de la Nación dictó sentencia definitiva en la causa “Mendoza”, un proceso ambiental que fue delineado por el Alto Tribunal conforme a las pautas que se derivan del art. 41 de la Constitución Nacional y de la Ley General del Ambiente. Durante su tramitación, se creó la Autoridad de Cuenca Matanza-Riachuelo y se establecieron reglas de competencia particulares para ese proceso que dieron lugar a contiendas entre los magistrados. Partiendo de la noción de poder de policía y el deslinde de competencias entre el Estado federal y los Estados locales establecido en el texto de la Constitución Nacional, el presente trabajo tiene por objeto dar cuenta de las consecuencias que se derivan de la integración de la ACUMAR y del establecimiento de aquellas reglas, sobre las potestades de regulación en materia ambiental propias de la Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires y la competencia de los jueces locales.

  4. Activismo LGBTIQ y ciudadanías sexuales en el Ecuador. Diálogo con Elizabeth Vásquez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amy Lind

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Elizabeth Vásquez es abogada por entrenamiento, activista y fundadora del PROYECTO TRVNSGEN3RO de Quito. En esta entrevista, ella nos habla de los logros y desafíos que ha enfrentado a lo largo de su trayectoria: los orígenes de su activismo legal, sus inspiraciones políticas, su participación como asesora en la Asamblea Nacional Constituyente de 2008 y sus visiones del movimiento lésbico, gay, bisexual, transgénero y intersexual (LGTBI en Ecuador.

  5. Judicial Independence Versus Public Supervision

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    At the annual Supreme People's Court conference on publicity work held in early September, Deputy Chief Justice Cao Jianming announced a few new measures to limit the media's access to several news sources, setting a future tone for releasing news of China's judicial system.

  6. La competencia judicial en sede de concursos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siegbert Rippe

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Es nuestro propósito comentar las normas concursa les contenidas en la Ley de Urgencia I1, en sede de competencia judicial, para lo cual dividiremos nuestra exposición en dos partes: en primer lugar, examinaremos el arto 12 de dicha ley, referido a las disposiciones en materia de competencia judicial; y en segundo lugar, procederemos a analizar el arto 13 de la misma ley, relativo al fuero de atracción.Adicionalmente, comentaremos algunas disposiciones contenidas en la ley 17.613, Ley de Fortalecimiento del Sistema Bancario, en cuanto se relaciona con la temática del presente trabajo.En atención a las limitaciones derivadas del tiempo asignado para la presente colaboración, no pretendemos describir a la letra la normativa referente a los temas a tratar sino centrarnos en los aspectos esenciales de aquellas, señalando adicionalmente que nuestros planteamientos se orientarán a los aspectos más conflictivos que advertimos en la oportunidad,algunos de los cuales seguramente no serán compartidos por la doctrina comercial dominante teniendo en cuenta, por lo pronto, ciertos antecedentes históricos sobre el particulary diversos pronunciamientos efectuados a partir de la publicación de la ley 17.292, como son, por ejemplo, los aportes realizados por los Dres. 1. Creimer y D. Puceiro, así como por los Dres. N. Rodríguez Olivera y C. Martínez Blanco.

  7. Algumas reflexões sobre produção da categoria de gênero em contextos como o movimento feminista e o poder judiciário Some reflections on the production of the gender category in contexts such as the feminist movement and the judiciary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karla Galvão Adrião

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Pensando na discussão instaurada com a modernidade (em distintos contextos sociais, sobre a constituição dos sujeitos de direitos humanos universais, o presente trabalho buscará refletir sobre o indivíduo em sua interface com a busca de "cidadania" e do "acesso à justiça". Para tanto, analisaremos três casos concretos: duas conferências de Políticas para Mulheres, tidas aqui como rituais do movimento feminista no Brasil. Ambas dizem respeito à relação entre políticas para mulheres em duas perspectivas não-excludentes; uma delas entre as próprias mulheres - lésbicas, heterossexuais, brancas, negras, deficientes - e suas tensões direcionadas ora aos direitos individuais, ora aos direitos coletivos, num momento de discussão por cotas. A outra conferência aborda a tensão entre sexo e gênero, entre diferença como sinônimo de desigualdade. O terceiro caso retrata um julgamento de guarda e responsabilidade voltado à não-concessão da maternidade a uma mulher homossexual, mas seu deferimento ao pai tido como biológico. Por fim, sugerimos pensar como, nos dois contextos rituais distintos (Judiciário e Movimento Feminista, a categoria de gênero é produzida e se produz atrelada ao binômio biológico "macho e fêmea".Concerning the discussion arisen by modern times (in different social contexts, about the constitution of universal human rights subjects, this paper aims to reflect upon the individual and his search for "citizenship" and "access to justice". Three cases will be analyzed: two conferences on Women"s Politics, important in the Brazilian feminist movement. Both concern the relation among women"s politics within two non exclusive perspectives: one among women themselves - lesbians, heterosexual, white, black. handicapped - and their tensions related either to individual rights or to collective rights, in a time when quotas are being discussed. The other conference approaches the tension between sex and gender

  8. 49 CFR 1016.310 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 1016.310 Section 1016.310 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) SURFACE TRANSPORTATION BOARD, DEPARTMENT... Judicial review. Judicial review of final Board decisions on awards may be sought as provided in 5...

  9. 14 CFR 1250.110 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Judicial review. 1250.110 Section 1250.110... PROGRAMS OF NASA-EFFECTUATION OF TITLE VI OF THE CIVIL RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 1250.110 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to section 602 of the Act is subject to judicial review as provided in section...

  10. 31 CFR 92.18 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 92.18 Section 92.18... States Mint § 92.18 Judicial review. A Final Notice of Assessment issued under the procedures in this subpart may be subject to judicial review pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 701 et seq....

  11. 44 CFR 7.15 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 7.15 Section...-Assisted Programs-General § 7.15 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to section 602 of the Act is subject to judicial review as provided in section 603 of the Act....

  12. 40 CFR 180.30 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 180.30 Section 180.30... EXEMPTIONS FOR PESTICIDE CHEMICAL RESIDUES IN FOOD Procedural Regulations § 180.30 Judicial review. (a) Under FFDCA section 408(h), judicial review is available in the United States Courts of Appeal as to...

  13. 17 CFR 201.58 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Judicial review. 201.58 Section 201.58 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION RULES OF PRACTICE Regulations Pertaining to the Equal Access to Justice Act § 201.58 Judicial review. Judicial review of...

  14. 36 CFR 1211.630 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 1211.630... FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Procedures § 1211.630 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to 20 U.S.C. 1682 is subject to judicial review as provided in 20 U.S.C. 1683....

  15. 44 CFR 295.43 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 295.43... Judicial review. As an alternative to arbitration, a Claimant dissatisfied with the outcome of an Administrative Appeal may seek judicial review of the decision by bringing a civil lawsuit against FEMA in...

  16. 31 CFR 6.16 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 6.16 Section 6.16... EQUAL ACCESS TO JUSTICE ACT Procedures for Considering Applications § 6.16 Judicial review. Judicial review of final agency decisions on awards may be sought as provided in 5 U.S.C. 504(c)(2)....

  17. 31 CFR 16.42 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 16.42 Section 16.42... FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES ACT OF 1986 § 16.42 Judicial review. Section 3805 of title 31, United States Code, authorizes judicial review by an appropriate United States District Court of a final decision of...

  18. 31 CFR 27.8 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 27.8 Section 27.8... OF DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY NAMES, SYMBOLS, ETC. § 27.8 Judicial review. A final Notice of Assessment issued under this party may be subject to judicial review pursuant to 5 U.S.C. 701 et seq....

  19. 30 CFR 775.13 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 775.13 Section 775.13 Mineral... ADMINISTRATIVE AND JUDICIAL REVIEW OF DECISIONS § 775.13 Judicial review. (a) General. Any applicant or any... authority for administrative review under § 775.11 of this chapter fails to act within applicable...

  20. 44 CFR 62.22 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 62.22 Section 62.22 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY, DEPARTMENT OF... ADJUSTMENT OF CLAIMS Claims Adjustment, Claims Appeals, and Judicial Review § 62.22 Judicial review. (a)...

  1. 14 CFR 1264.141 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Judicial review. 1264.141 Section 1264.141... PENALTIES ACT OF 1986 § 1264.141 Judicial review. Section 3805 of Title 31, United States Code, authorizes judicial review by an appropriate United States District Court of a final decision of the authority...

  2. 14 CFR 1262.309 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Judicial review. 1262.309 Section 1262.309... PROCEEDINGS Procedures for Considering Applications § 1262.309 Judicial review. Judicial review of final... United States having jurisdiction to review the merits of the underlying decision of the agency...

  3. 42 CFR 423.1976 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 423.1976 Section 423.1976 Public...) MEDICARE PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.1976 Judicial review. (a) Review of ALJ's decision. The enrollee may request...

  4. 5 CFR 1201.120 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Judicial review. 1201.120 Section 1201... PROCEDURES Petitions for Review of Initial Decisions § 1201.120 Judicial review. Any employee or applicant... provisions of 5 U.S.C. 7703 may obtain judicial review in the United States Court of Appeals for the...

  5. 42 CFR 422.612 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 422.612 Section 422.612 Public... Judicial review. (a) Review of ALJ's decision. Any party, including the MA organization, may request judicial review (upon notifying the other parties) of an ALJ's decision if— (1) The Board denied the...

  6. 36 CFR 1150.104 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 1150.104 Section 1150.104 Parks, Forests, and Public Property ARCHITECTURAL AND TRANSPORTATION BARRIERS COMPLIANCE... Judicial review. Any complainant or participant in a proceeding may obtain judicial review of a final...

  7. 33 CFR 140.30 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 140.30 Section... CONTINENTAL SHELF ACTIVITIES GENERAL General § 140.30 Judicial review. (a) Nothing in this subchapter shall be construed to prevent any interested party from seeking judicial review as authorized by law. (b)...

  8. 32 CFR 195.12 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 195.12 Section 195.12 National... RIGHTS ACT OF 1964 § 195.12 Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to section 602 of the Act is subject to judicial review as provided in section 603 of the Act....

  9. 44 CFR 6.57 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 6.57 Section... SECURITY GENERAL IMPLEMENTATION OF THE PRIVACY ACT OF 1974 Requests To Amend Records § 6.57 Judicial review... requestor may seek judicial review of that determination. A civil action must be filed in the...

  10. 42 CFR 423.2136 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 423.2136 Section 423.2136 Public...) MEDICARE PROGRAM VOLUNTARY MEDICARE PRESCRIPTION DRUG BENEFIT Reopening, ALJ Hearings, MAC review, and Judicial Review § 423.2136 Judicial review. (a) General rule. To the extent authorized by sections...

  11. 5 CFR 1201.127 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Judicial review. 1201.127 Section 1201... Judicial review. (a) An employee subject to a final Board decision imposing disciplinary action under 5 U.S.C. 1215 may obtain judicial review of the decision in the United States Court of Appeals for...

  12. 31 CFR 28.630 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 28.630 Section 28.630 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS... Judicial review. Action taken pursuant to 20 U.S.C. 1682 is subject to judicial review as provided in 20...

  13. 42 CFR 414.920 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 414.920 Section 414.920 Public... Under Part B § 414.920 Judicial review. The following areas under the CAP are not subject to administrative or judicial review: (a) The establishment of payment amounts. (b) The awarding of vendor...

  14. 5 CFR 185.142 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Judicial review. 185.142 Section 185.142 Administrative Personnel OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT CIVIL SERVICE REGULATIONS PROGRAM FRAUD CIVIL REMEDIES § 185.142 Judicial review. Section 3805 of title 31, United States Code, authorizes judicial review...

  15. Judicial Ethics: Independence, Impartiality, and Integrity

    OpenAIRE

    Jeffrey M. Sharman

    1996-01-01

    This monograph was written for the Judicial Reform Roundtable II held May 19-22, 1996 in Williamsburg, Virginia. It discusses the need for the rule of law and separation of powers; the need for judicial independence; and judicial responsibility, integrity, and discipline in the United States.

  16. Presupuesto del Poder Judicial en la provincia de La Pampa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magiorano, Yamila Ethel

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available El tema abordado en este artículo corresponde al proyecto “Génesis y transformación del Poder Judicial deLa Pampa: reconstrucción histórica a través de un relevamiento documental y testimonial”, acreditado enla Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Jurídicas dela Universidad Nacional de La Pampa en el año 2013.  El objetivo del presente trabajo es considerar y analizar las características del presupuesto, en especial el que corresponde al Poder Judicial, para conocer su uso y funcionamiento en el marco del contexto institucional pampeano. Asimismo, se busca poner de manifiesto las instancias que permiten al ciudadano tener un papel más activo y responsable en la organización pública. Se efectúa un análisis descriptivo e interpretativo del presupuesto, la cuenta de inversión, y su articulación con la normativa aplicable. Los aspectos desarrollados comprenden el proceso de elaboración del presupuesto en la provincia deLa Pampacon indicación de los actores intervinientes, la clasificación del gasto del poder judicial y la información pública del personal judicial. Asimismo se invita a la reflexión sobre la necesidad de transparentar y modernizar el sistema presupuestario judicial de la provincia de La Pampa, cuya regulación legal tiene una antigüedad superior a los 50 años.

  17. Sobre la discrecionalidad judicial en un Estado Constitucional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón Ruiz Ruiz

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Hoy no es posible seguir considerando a los jueces como la boca que pronuncia las palabras de la ley. El juez de nuestro tiempo goza de una necesaria discrecionalidad como consecuencia, entre otros factores, del complejo sistema de fuentes, de la inevitable vaguedad de gran parte de las normas y del creciente recurso a los principios jurídicos en el constitucionalismo contemporáneo. No obstante, esta discrecionalidad debe ser de algún modo fiscalizada para impedir que derive en arbitrariedad. Así, en la primera parte del artículo se dará cuenta de las características de los principios jurídicos y en la segunda se expondrán algunas de las implicaciones que la aplicación de este tipo de normas tienen en relación con la aplicación del Derecho.

  18. A arte e violência no olhar: Activismo feminista e desconstrução da violência contra as mulheres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria José Magalhães

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo vem na continuação do texto de Angélica Lima Cruz, retomando‑se a questão da construção de um olhar que integra ou denuncia uma cultura de violência contra as mulheres. Aqui, explora‑se como a crítica feminista da violência contra as mulheres desoculta os mecanismos da sua re/produção, mostrando também que a arte se pode constituir como processo de desconstrução desta violência. Para isso, apresentam‑se e analisam‑se algumas intervenções artísticas e instalações realizadas por feministas, quer no estrangeiro quer em Portugal, no activismo feminista do combate à violência contra as mulheres.

  19. Laboratories of commons: experimentation, recursivity and activism Laboratorios de procomún: experimentación, recursividad y activismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adolfo Estalella Fernández

    2013-03-01

    ículo introduce las contribuciones que forman parte de un monográfico dedicado a los ‘Laboratorios del procomún’ donde sus autoras y autores dan cuenta de la diversidad de modalidades de este objeto en dominios sociales como el arte, el activismo, el campo y la ciudad. Nuestro objetivo es doble: contextualizar estas contribuciones e identificar algunos de los temas que las atraviesan. Ese ejercicio nos permite introducir un argumento tentativo según el cual el procomún y su investigación adoptan una excepcional configuración en España. De manera sintética: el procomún es traído a la existencia en España como un objeto epistémico, un dominio experimental que se distingue de las formulaciones que convencionalmente lo han pensado como un tipo de bien o un régimen de propiedad. Esta peculiar configuración dota al procomún y a su investigación de una condición distintiva frente a otras geografías que se evidencia en un doble desplazamiento: la emergencia de nuevos objetos que se piensan como procomunes y la ubicación de su investigación en el dominio de la producción cultural y creativa.

  20. 31 CFR 29.406 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 29.406 Section 29.406 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury FEDERAL BENEFIT PAYMENTS UNDER CERTAIN DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA RETIREMENT PROGRAMS Claims and Appeals Procedures § 29.406 Judicial...

  1. 17 CFR 200.64 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Judicial review. 200.64... AND ETHICS; AND INFORMATION AND REQUESTS Canons of Ethics § 200.64 Judicial review. The Congress has provided for review by the courts of the decisions and orders by this Commission. Members should...

  2. 49 CFR 386.67 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 386.67 Section 386.67... Decision § 386.67 Judicial review. (a) Any party to the underlying proceeding, who, after an administrative... service of the Final Agency Order, petition for review of the order in the United States Court of...

  3. 40 CFR 173.9 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 173.9 Section 173.9 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS PROCEDURES GOVERNING... Judicial review. The State may appeal an order rescinding, in whole or in part, its primary...

  4. 31 CFR 29.515 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 31 Money and Finance: Treasury 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 29.515 Section 29.515 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the Treasury FEDERAL BENEFIT PAYMENTS UNDER... Overpayments § 29.515 Judicial review. An individual whose request for reconsideration has been denied...

  5. 49 CFR 397.225 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 5 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial review. 397.225 Section 397.225... MATERIALS; DRIVING AND PARKING RULES Preemption Procedures § 397.225 Judicial review. A party to a proceeding under § 397.205(a), § 397.213(a), or § 397.223(a) may seek review by the appropriate...

  6. 22 CFR 1502.10 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Judicial review. 1502.10 Section 1502.10 Foreign Relations AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION AVAILABILITY OF RECORDS § 1502.10 Judicial review. On complaint, the district court of the United States in the district in which the complainant resides, or has...

  7. 22 CFR 1507.9 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 true Judicial review. 1507.9 Section 1507.9 Foreign Relations AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT FOUNDATION RULES SAFEGUARDING PERSONAL INFORMATION § 1507.9 Judicial review. Any person may file a complaint against the Foundation in the appropriate U.S. district court,...

  8. 21 CFR 514.235 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Drugs FOOD AND DRUG ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH AND HUMAN SERVICES (CONTINUED) ANIMAL DRUGS, FEEDS, AND RELATED PRODUCTS NEW ANIMAL DRUG APPLICATIONS Judicial Review § 514.235 Judicial review. (a... manufacturer or distributor of an identical, related, or similar drug product, as defined in § 310.6 of...

  9. 29 CFR 785.7 - Judicial construction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial construction. 785.7 Section 785.7 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION, DEPARTMENT OF LABOR STATEMENTS OF GENERAL... Hours Worked § 785.7 Judicial construction. The United States Supreme Court originally stated...

  10. Universalización de la participación y capitalismo sobre los accesos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl Antón Cuadrado

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La universalización de la creación necesita componentizar los con- tenidos permitiendo un capitalismo basado sobre la detentación de los canales de difusión. La protoética de la red se transforma en economía de precio 0 lo que amateuriza la creación, avatarizando al autor en icono y atributos para publicidad contextual y deja los recursos clave en la clase dominante, perpetuando las estructuras de poder desconectadas y esta toma de conciencia es condición seminal de un enfoque productivo de los ejercicios de activismo para el empoderamiento de la comunicación horizontal y participativa en la red.

  11. Independencia judicial. El caso de la Corte Suprema de Justicia Colombiana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolina Guevara

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este articulo muestra la importancia que la tradición jurídica y la organización de un sistema judicial; reclutamiento, garantías de inmovilidad, presupuesto y prescripciones salariales, pueden tener en la mayor o menor independencia del judicial. Del mismo modo, presenta cómo los estudios que sobre independencia judicial han sido realizados en Colombia han privilegiado a la Corte Constitucional y en menor medida a la Corte Suprema de Justicia. Finalmente el estudio concluye que pese a toda una serie de garantías normativas que buscan preservar la independencia de los jueces en Colombia, ésta es muy variable, y depende en últimas de la voluntad del Ejecutivo.

  12. Judicial fiats and contemporary enclosures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thayyil Naveen

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the problematic processes in a case that has had few parallels in Indian judicial history. The apex court in T. N. Godavarman took upon the responsibility of deciding how forest resources in the country should be accessed and who is (or is not to have such access. Purportedly done to protect the environment, through the ′clarification and fine-tuning′ of national forest-laws, the case has seriously affected the life, livelihood, and habitat of millions of marginal groups. Recent trends demonstrate the wider trend of constitutional courts assuming the roles of adjudication, administration and legislation, all rolled into one, whereby they become problematic sites for creating a hierarchy of conflicting public interests, which claim constitutional validity from different vantage points. Thus, constitutional values of ′protection of environment′ and ′justice - social, political and economic′ ′are pitted against each other′ where unelected courts take it upon themselves to define the legitimate precincts of the theoretical discourse of sustainable use / development; and importantly also implement it into ′everyday′ ′reality, in the way it feels fit′. The article seeks to make sense of this contemporary process of forest governance.

  13. Judicial civil procedure dragging out in Kosovo

    OpenAIRE

    Rrustem Qehaja; Elza Bajrami

    2016-01-01

    This article tends to deal with one of the most worrying issues in the judicial system of Kosovo the problem of judicial civil procedure dragging out. The article analyses the reasons of these dragging outs of the judicial civil procedure focusing on the context of one of the basic procedural principles in civil procedure-the principle of economy or efficiency in the courts. Dragging out of civil procedure in Kosovo has put in question not only the basic principles of civil procedure, but it ...

  14. El uso de la información judicial (The use of judicial information

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Volkmar Gessner

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Los datos empíricos de juzgados y sistemas judiciales se analizan con mucha frecuencia tanto en estudios comparativos, como en estudios económicos y sociológicos, sin embargo, los agentes implicados en proyectos de reformas judiciales como jueces, profesores de derecho, funcionarios o políticos no hacen un uso adecuado de los mismos. Este artículo sugiere que esto tiene un origen estructural, que asigna roles sociales diferentes a estos actores. Una solución puede ser la creación de centros de investigación especializados. Una aproximación más amplia, plural y democrática es buscar la transparencia en internet, dando acceso al público general a todo tipo de documentos, incluyendo estadísticas judiciales y estudios empíricos. Se han visitado y categorizado en función de su contenido gran número de páginas web de juzgados, para conocer el nivel de transparencia judicial. Las primeras posiciones en cuanto al nivel de transparencia lo han obtenido algunas páginas anglosajonas, que ofrecían información legal, económica, organizacional y empírica, y que además ofrecían ayuda para utilizar estos datos. Sin embargo, este esfuerzo no alcanza su objetivo si la información no se utiliza. Si se quiere medir el uso real de los contenidos de las páginas judiciales no es suficiente con contar su número de visitas, sino que es necesario conocer más sobre las motivaciones que generan esas visitas. Afortunadamente, se ha encontrado un sitio web (mexicano que ofrece información sobre los visitantes: sus preocupaciones, su “historia” e incluso sus nombres y (en ocasiones su lugar de residencia. Estas peticiones se han evaluado cuidadosamente, y se analizan en este artículo. Se ha descubierto que hay una gran demanda de información empírica sobre los juzgados y las prácticas judiciales. La transparencia en internet parece ser una solución, aunque todavía se deben explorar las mejores formas de ofrecer la información judicial

  15. Judicial Districts, Published in unknown, Richland County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Judicial Districts dataset as of unknown. Data by this publisher are often provided in Wisconsin County Coordinates (Richland) coordinate system; in a Lambert...

  16. 29 CFR 1603.306 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... EXEMPT STATE AND LOCAL GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEE COMPLAINTS OF EMPLOYMENT DISCRIMINATION UNDER SECTION 304 OF THE GOVERNMENT EMPLOYEE RIGHTS ACT OF 1991 Appeals § 1603.306 Judicial review. Any party to...

  17. Racism and judicial corruption in the US

    OpenAIRE

    Jetter, Michael; Mesa-Osorio, Alejandro

    2016-01-01

    Is racial hate reflected in the degree of judicial corruption? Using US state-level data, we find racial hate to be a positive and statistically powerful predictor of judicial corruption. This relationship prevails after the inclusion of the conventional control variables and regional fixed effects. In terms of magnitude, one standard deviation increase of racial hate relates to an increase of 70 percent of one standard deviation in corruption. Interestingly, no such relationship ...

  18. Judicial civil procedure dragging out in Kosovo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rrustem Qehaja

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available This article tends to deal with one of the most worrying issues in the judicial system of Kosovo the problem of judicial civil procedure dragging out. The article analyses the reasons of these dragging outs of the judicial civil procedure focusing on the context of one of the basic procedural principles in civil procedure-the principle of economy or efficiency in the courts. Dragging out of civil procedure in Kosovo has put in question not only the basic principles of civil procedure, but it also challenges the general principles related to human rights and freedoms sanctioned not only by the highest legal act of the country, but also with international treaties. The article tends to give a reflection to the most important reasons that effect and influence in these dragging outs of civil procedure, as well as, at the same time aims to give the necessary alternatives to pass through them by identifying dilemmas within the judicial practice. As a result, the motives of this scientific paper are exactly focused at the same time on identifying the dilemmas, as well as presenting ideas, to overstep them, including the judicial practice of the European Court of Human Rights on Article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights, by which it is given the possibility to offering people efficient and within a reasonable time legal protection of their rights before national courts. For these reasons, the paper elaborates this issue based on both, the legal theory and judicial practice.

  19. Judicial Reform of the 1864 as a Stage of Russian Judicial System Democratic Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lyubov F. Miloserdova

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In the present article, author considers the place of judicial reform of 1864 in the public and social reforms of Alexander II. This paper attempts to show the place of justice in the legal system of Russian Empire in the post-reform period. Author emphasizes democratic and progressive nature of judicial reform of 1864, noting lack of preconditions for the formation of democratic judicial system under the autocracy. Author analyzes relationship and development of the judicial system and the dynamics of social relations. Author also revealed the way of judicial system in the formation of civil society prerequisites. This paper attempts to show and prove that judicial reform is actually a first step towards the formation of the Russian system of powers separation. Author concludes that undertaken by the Government of Russian Empire in the mid-nineteenth century attempt of the Russian Empire judicial system democratization had neither political nor social assumptions. In conclusion, author concludes that in the present conditions of judicial system democratization in modern Russian Federation a number of principles and institutions of judicial reform of 1864 was applied.

  20. Creación y activismo desde la perspectiva de género y de orientación sexual Creation and activism from the gender and sexual orientation perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gloria G. Durán

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo del colectivo Toxic Lesbian y de Elena Tóxica está enmarcado en el nuevo modelo del arte público, activismo y del discurso de género y orientación sexual. Todo el trabajo del colectivo se materializa en internet, es generado en streaming y difundido en la red, como ese nuevo espacio público que abre la posibilidad de un equilibrio real entre usuarios, un trasvase real de conocimientos y una posibilidad también real de diversidad de identidades.

  1. Corte Constitucional y cambios en la Política Pública de Atención a la Población Desplazada por la violencia. Una mirada al activismo judicial desde el enfoque Institucional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Carolina Morales

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Una de las fortalezas de nuestra Corte Constitucional es la capacidad de generar cambios institucionales. Esta afirmación obedece al estudio de una serie de consecuencias derivadas de la sentencia T-025 de 2004, luego de la cual sobrevinieron algunas actuaciones del Estado y de la sociedad que enfocaron la Política Pública de Atención a la Población Desplazada hacia un nuevo escenario: la existencia de una situación de crisis y la necesidad inminente de superarlo. Las Cortes, que en estricto sentido no cumplen funciones de diseño y evaluación de política pública, de frente a una situación de grave violación de Derechos Humanos, a un preocupante estancamiento de la política pública, a la ineficiencia del Ejecutivo y a la poca atención del Legislativo, pueden entrar a asumir nuevos roles que ponen en evidencia la desatención estatal y la necesidad de tomar acciones inmediatas.

  2. A expansão dos poderes judiciários The expansion of the judiciary powers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilia Ferreira Lobo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo propõe-se a comentar um texto de Foucault pouco conhecido e que não foi incluído na publicação francesa dos Ditos e Escritos. Além de apresentar esta publicação, que tem como título La redéfinition du judiciable (A redefinição do judiciável, pretende trazer algumas considerações sobre as questões sugeridas por Foucault, bem como algumas indicações sobre o que hoje nos acontece em termos da judicialização do nosso cotidiano. O texto traz uma análise do papel da justiça, daquilo que vem se tornando ou que é objeto de julgamento judiciário, discutindo o que caracteriza a difusão das funções judiciárias através de todo o corpo social na atualidade.This article aims to comment an unfamiliar article by Foucault, not included in the french edition of Dits et Écrits. Beyond presenting this publication, which is entitled La redéfinition du judiciable (The redefinition of the judiciable, it pretends to bring some considerations about the questions that Foucault suggests, as well as some indications about what is happening with us now-a-days in terms of the judicialization of the everyday life. The text brings an analysis of the roll of justice, of what is turning into or what is the object of judiciary judgment, discussing the elements which characterize the diffusion of the judiciary functions through the whole social body.

  3. Juizados Especiais e Ativismo Judicial à Luz de Luis Alberto Warat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zenildo Bodnar

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses, in a punctual way, some reflections on the judicial activism in the Special Courts camp. It seeks to evaluate the existence of a place for the conciliator in the stir that permeates the procedural and substantial models of legal proceedings. For this, as theoretical references, the postulates of Luis Alberto Warat are used, in order to overcome such dyad in favor of an effective judicial protection, without following the ways of the Free Movement of Law and Instrumentality of Process. For the development of this research, it has been used the inductive method, operated by the operational concepts and techniques of literature.Resumo: O presente artigo aborda de forma pontual algumas reflexões sobre o ativismo judicial na seara dos Juizados Especiais. Procura-se avaliar a existência de um lugar para o conciliador na celeuma que permeia os modelos procedimentalistas e substancialistas de processo jurisdicional. Para tanto, como referencial teórico utiliza-se os postulados de Luis Alberto Warat no intuito de superar a referida díade em favor de uma tutela judicial efetiva, sem que se trilhe os caminhos do Movimento do Direito Livre e da Instrumentalidade do Processo. Utilizou-se, para o desenvolvimento desta pesquisa, o método indutivo, operacionalizado pelas técnicas de conceitos operacionais e da pesquisa bibliográfica.

  4. Algumas reflexões sobre produção da categoria de gênero em contextos como o movimento feminista e o poder judiciário Some reflections on the production of the gender category in contexts such as the feminist movement and the judiciary

    OpenAIRE

    Karla Galvão Adrião; Simone Becker

    2006-01-01

    Pensando na discussão instaurada com a modernidade (em distintos contextos sociais), sobre a constituição dos sujeitos de direitos humanos universais, o presente trabalho buscará refletir sobre o indivíduo em sua interface com a busca de "cidadania" e do "acesso à justiça". Para tanto, analisaremos três casos concretos: duas conferências de Políticas para Mulheres, tidas aqui como rituais do movimento feminista no Brasil. Ambas dizem respeito à relação entre políticas para mulheres em duas pe...

  5. 5 CFR 1201.133 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Judicial review. 1201.133 Section 1201... review. An employee, former employee, or applicant for employment who is adversely affected by a final... review of the decision in the United States Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit. 5 U.S.C....

  6. Ethiopia : Legal and Judicial Sector Assessment

    OpenAIRE

    World Bank

    2004-01-01

    The judicial and legal sector of Ethiopia presents a variety of significant challenges. The legal system as it exists today combines elements of both civil and common law1 with traditional practices, resulting in multiple layers intermingling and superimposing distinct types of modern, traditional, and religious laws and processes. This report provides an overview of Ethiopia's current leg...

  7. 28 CFR 17.17 - Judicial proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Pub. L. 96-456, 94 Stat. 2025, by the Chief Justice of the United States for the Protection of... Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CLASSIFIED NATIONAL SECURITY INFORMATION AND ACCESS TO... from the Security and Emergency Planning Staff, Justice Management Division, Department of...

  8. Japanese Invasion Baffled Radically the Modernization of China's Judicial System

    OpenAIRE

    Chunlan Qiu; Keke Liu

    2009-01-01

    It is the critical time for China to generate and develop the modern judicial system when Japan invaded. Japanese aggression interrupted China’s recovering its legal right and the process to promote the modern judicial system. The invasion brought a great loss to the judicial resources. The relatively stable colonial rule, as well as the war itself, was harmful. Both stood on the way of China's judicial modernization.

  9. Judicial system of the Russian Federation: reforming errors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gaydidey Yu.M.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The urgency of considering problems of modern Russian judicial system and judicial policy is emphasized. The author proves the necessity to study the judicial system of our country in detail. The content of judicial system is analyzed and its structural elements are described. Factors determining the structure of national judicial system are characterized. The main feature of the Russian judicial system is noted, notably: centralization (there is no independent judicial authority in regions except constitutional justice. Considering the judicial system as hierarchically structured set of courts is too simplified and is not conformable to modern justice tasks. The ways of optimizing the system of courts as well as the judicial system of the Russian Federation are proposed. Interim results of the reform in the form of abolishment of the RF Supreme Arbitration Court are negatively evaluated. Intraorganizational transformations have substituted the evolutionary development of the judicial system and the necessity to improve the justice itself. The author confirms that development of relevant draft bill was not accompanied by conducting public researches, studying statistical data, and making general conclusions, proving the efficiency of establishing an integrated supreme court. Threats and challenges to law order are ignored. Supreme courts integration has virtually established a new judicial system, though the proper legal base for it has not been developed. The viewpoints of researchers, warning against negative effects of such reform, are provided. It is concluded that the law under study does not meet present demands of the Russian judicial system.

  10. The Judicial Domain in View: figures, trends and perspectives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.A. Loth (Marc); E. Mak (Elaine)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractWhere will the Dutch judicial system be in 2015? One of us answered a similar type of question elsewhere with a sketch of two frightening scenarios.* In the first scenario the judicial system will have insufficiently adapted itself to its surroundings. The judicial system will become mor

  11. The Party Members’ Court: judicial control over intraparty disputes in Mexico El Tribunal de los Militantes: el control judicial de los conflictos intrapartidistas en México

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier MARTÍN REYES

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Between 1997 and 2003, in a series of relevant cases, the Electoral Court of the Federal Judicial Branch (ECFJB increased its capacity to adjudicate intraparty disputes. This paper explains how the ECFJB, without a supporting legislation, was able to establish a direct and far reaching control over intraparty disputes such as the election of party leaders, the selection of candidates, or the punishment of party members. Following a strategic behavior approach, I will provide empirical evidence to prove that there was a negative correlation between the level of judicial control over the parties’ internal life, on the one hand, and the vulnerability of the ECFJB from the legislature and party leaders, on the other.Entre 1997 y 2003, el Tribunal Electoral del Poder Judicial de la Federación (TEPJF emitió diversos criterios jurisprudenciales mediante los cuales incrementó su capacidad para conocer de conflictos generados al interior de los partidos políticos. Este artículo explica cómo el TEPJF, sin una legislación que le diera facultades para ello, pudo establecer un control directo y de largo alcance para resolver litigios relacionados con la elección de dirigentes partidistas, la selección de candidatos o la imposición de sanciones a militantes. Siguiendo un enfoque de comportamiento estratégico, se aportará evidencia empírica para probar la existencia de una correlación negativa entre el nivel del control judicial ejercido sobre la vida interna de los partidos, por una parte, y la vulnerabilidad del TEPJF frente al Poder Legislativo y las dirigencias partidistas, por la otra.

  12. Activismo cívico digital en Rumanía: La comunidad de Facebook en las protestas on-line contra Chevron

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo presenta los resultados del análisis cuantitativo de las auto-representaciones de dos comunidades rumanas en Facebook durante las protestas on-line y off-line en contra del «fracking» en Rumanía. En 2013 los rumanos comenzaron a protestar contra las explotaciones de gas del gigante energético norteamericano Chevron en la aldea de Pungesti. Este movimiento de resistencia pasó, en poco más de un mes, de ser una herramienta de movilización rural a una de alcance nacional cuyo objetivo era ayudar a los campesinos afectados por las explotaciones de gas planificadas por Chevron. Dado que el óptimo grado de implicación on-line para pasar a una participación off-line depende mucho de las prácticas informativas, consideramos que un análisis de textos publicados en Facebook reflejará si éstos son compatibles y relevantes para los manifestantes. Nuestra premisa teórica está basada en la teoría del encuadre en movimientos sociales e informa nuestro análisis de contenido comparativo de los textos de dos comunidades rumanas de Facebook desde octubre de 2013 hasta febrero de 2014. En el trabajo se identifican las estrategias de encuadre verbal y visual, y los marcos de acción colectiva utilizados para formar la identidad de estas comunidades on-line. Los resultados obtenidos muestran el predominio de «la lucha por la tierra» como principal marco de acción colectiva, seguido del «conflicto» y la «solidaridad», e indican la preeminencia de fotos y archivos de vídeo como recursos de encuadre de relevancia cultural y como pruebas del activismo fuera de Internet en contra del «fracking» en Rumanía.

  13. CDA Judicial Council: blending idealism and practicality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kiger, Robert D

    2013-07-01

    The California Dental Association Judicial Council has the responsibility for interpreting and enforcing the Code of Ethics, for disciplining members and for fostering a climate of education and ethics awareness for CDA members. The Council recognizes the inherent difficulty in rigid enforcement of the Code of Ethics, and chooses to take an approach that educates and encourages members to embrace the highest standards of our profession as outlined in the Code. PMID:24024298

  14. ¿Puede demandarse el Divorcio, cuando ya se ha debatido y resuelto judicialmente la Separación Judicial?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Baraona González

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo se plantea el efecto que tiene una sentencia que se ha pronunciado sobre una separación judicial en la nueva Ley de Matrimonio Civil, de cara a la posibilidad de iniciar, fundado en los mismos hechos, un juicio de divorcio. El autor concluye que la sentencia judicial que decreta la separación tiene un efecto preclusivo sobre la futura acción de divorcio intentada por los mismos hechos. En el artículo se revisa la historia de la de aprobación de las normas y se analiza el panorama en derecho comparado, en países en que existe tanto separación como.This paper examines the effect of a judicial resolution that has accepted the separation, according to the new Ley de Matrimonio Civil, in relation with the possibility to begin a divorce trial in the future, pleading the same facts. The author concludes that the judicial resolution has precluded the divorce action supported in the same facts. The paper offers the approving history of the Act and a comparative law survey, in the countries that have in their marriage law, separation and divorce.

  15. Reconciling independence and accountability in judicial systems

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    Francesco Contini

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses recent European experience in applying new managerial mechanisms of accountability to justice systems. A common outcome has been a confrontation between demands for accountability faced with appeals to judicial independence. We analyse the traditional forms of legal (or judicial and managerial accountability, identifying the source of the values on which each is based, and the consequences of each. This highlights the different epistemic orientation: the legal system deals with individual cases and the proper application of the law, the managerial system with aggregate of activity, outputs, and expenditure. To overcome the stalemate that so often results, we review the concept of accountability, drawing attention to the breadth of values and interests to which courts must respond. We further note that independence is not an end in itself, but must be appreciated instead as the guarantee of judicial impartiality. We are then in a position to compare different European case studies of implementation of new mechanisms of accountability with the goals and values of the justice system. Poor efforts are typically ritualistic zero-sum games, devoting increasing amounts of energy to measurement while losing sight of why anything is being measured. Successful review mechanisms bring together various interested parties to identify important outcomes that are readily measurable and capable of improvement.

  16. Principio de Confidencialidad y Magisterio de la Defensa en la Cooperación Judicial Penal Internacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raúl Cervini

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A modo de introducción a un tema de actualidad. Aspectos conceptuales de "portada general". La facultad jurisdiccional de declarar la confidencialidad de una medida de cooperación judicial penal internacional. Sobre la racional coexistencia entre esa facultad jurisdiccional de declarar la confidencialidad de la medida y la facultad de contralor de los procedimientos en ejecución por parte del abogado. A modo de conclusión

  17. China's Judicial Protection of Human Rights

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SHEN LIANG

    2007-01-01

    @@ China has devoted great efforts to improving judicial protection of human rights in the past 30 years.It has ratified the International Covenant on Economic,Social and Cultural Rights,signed but yet to ratify the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights and become a state party to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel,Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment.In March 2004,the 10th National People's Congress adopted at its second plenary session the amendments to the Constitution,writing "the state respects and protects human rights" into the Constitution,declaring that China will use legal means to protect and safeguard human rights.

  18. Evaluating Judicial Performance and Addressing Gender Bias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Melville

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Elek and Rottman argue that judicial evaluation is often biased against women and minority judges. The need to address bias is important, however often the desire for diversity seems so self-evident as to belie deeper analysis. This paper examines the two main rationales for gender equality on the bench. First, female judges are often considered necessary in order to bring a gendered perspective to judging, however it is argued that this rationale is flawed. Second, an alternative rationale based on equality and legitimacy is offered which avoids gender essentialism. While debates typically focus on these two rationales, a third rationale embraces both difference and equality/legitimacy. The presence of female judges has an important symbolic value which destabilises existing fraternal legal norms. Finally, increasing the number of female judges may not necessarily change judging, and this paper also analyses how the transformative potential offered by judicial diversity can work in practice. Elek y Rottman defienden que la evaluación judicial suele estar sesgada en contra de las mujeres y los jueces pertenecientes a minorías. La necesidad de abordar el sesgo es importante, sin embargo a menudo el deseo de diversidad parece tan evidente como para contradecir un análisis más profundo. Este artículo examina los dos motivos principales para la igualdad de género en el banquillo. En primer lugar, las mujeres jueces a menudo se consideran necesarias para aportar una perspectiva de género al hecho de juzgar, sin embargo, se defiende que este razonamiento es erróneo. En segundo lugar, se ofrece una alternativa lógica basada en la igualdad y la legitimidad que evita el esencialismo de género. Mientras que los debates suelen centrarse en estas dos razones, una tercera justificación abarca tanto la diferencia como la igualdad/legitimidad. La presencia de mujeres en la judicatura tiene un importante valor simbólico que desestabiliza las normas

  19. Judicial deference under the Human Rights Act 1998

    OpenAIRE

    Klug, Francesca

    2003-01-01

    Examines the constitutional boundaries of the judicial function in the light of the Human Rights Act 1998, focusing on the courts approach to the interpretive obligations under s.3, the power to make declarations of incompatibility under s.4, and the concept of judicial deference to statute law and parliamentary sovereignty. Discusses the debate around judicial deference and the background to enactment of the 1998 Act, the rules of statutory interpretation and the judiciary's views on the mea...

  20. Data driven information system for supervision of judicial open

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ming LI

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Aiming at the four outstanding problems of informationized supervision for judicial publicity, the judicial public data is classified based on data driven to form the finally valuable data. Then, the functional structure, technical structure and business structure of the data processing system are put forward, including data collection module, data reduction module, data analysis module, data application module and data security module, etc. The development of the data processing system based on these structures can effectively reduce work intensity of judicial open iformation management, summarize the work state, find the problems, and promote the level of judicial publicity.

  1. Ultima Ratio and the Judicial Application of Law

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joxerramon Bengoetxea

    2013-01-01

    én se tienen en cuenta las cuestiones de impunidad y castigo excesivo. La segunda parte del trabajo analiza los posibles efectos sobre la aplicación de la ley por los jueces del principio ultima ratio, un principio político-moral general, principalmente dirigido principalmente al legislador. El impacto del ultima ratio en las diferentes sub-decisiones de la aplicación judicial del derecho penal se detalla a partir de las decisiones sobre la calificación, evidencia (inferencias, interpretación y consecuencias de las sentencias. A continuación se analiza el papel del ultima ratio en los veredictos de apelación y casación. La tercera parte y conclusión aborda las principales ideologías de ultima ratio y, de forma más amplia, del papel que juega en lograr en Europa un derecho penal orientado al garantimos. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2200875

  2. Imaginaries of Judicial Practices in Cali, Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lina Buchely

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the emotions of users and functionaries involved in the justice system and the administration of justice in Cali, Colombia. The analysis presented argues that the state not only employs a bureaucratic rational language but also invokes emotions and feelings. In this sense, it is not only the central imaginaries of the state justice system and judicial processes but also the idea of justice itself that is marked by tediousness, delay and chaos, imaginaries of the system that were identified by the users and the officials involved in the administration of the system. There is no justice if it is not a process that is tedious, marked by ritual, mysticism, disorder and difficulties. These findings demonstrate that, against liberal discourses that emphasize the order, unity and rationality of public actions, that the power of the state actually operates through the disaggregated, the irrational and the emotional, a much wider and inexplicable framework.

  3. ANONIMATO DEL PROGENITOR Y DERECHO A LA IDENTIDAD DEL HIJO: DECISIONES JUDICIALES ENCONTRADAS SOBRE RESERVA DE IDENTIDAD EN LOS CASOS DE MADRE SOLTERA Y DONANTE DE ESPERMA Anonymity of genetic parents and the children's right to know own biological identity: Opossed judicial decisions about the secrecy of identity in the cases of single mother and sperm donors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramón Duran Rivacoba

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El trabajo discute las soluciones que han dado en España el Tribunal Supremo y el Tribunal Constitucional a casos en los que se ven enfrentados la facultad de mantener el anonimato del progenitor y el derecho del hijo a conocer su identidad biológica. Se confronta la decisión del Tribunal Supremo de declarar inconstitucionales las normas legales que permiten a la madre no matrimonial resguardar su anonimato, con la sentencia del Tribunal Constitucional, emitida pocos meses antes, que declara constitucionalmente legítimo el anomimato del donante de esperma en el contexto de la aplicación de una técnica de reproducción humana asistida. Se argumenta en contra de ambas soluciones, sobre la base de que en la primera el anonimato materno cumple una función dirigida no directamente a proteger a la madre, sino a proteger al niño frente a un posible aborto o infanticidio por lo que el derecho a la identidad debe ser moderado. Para ilustrar la conveniencia y viabilidad de este razonamiento se hace un amplio análisis del caso "Odiévre" por el que el Tribunal Europeo de Derechos Humanos concluyó que el sistema francés de reserva de la identidad de la madre no era contrario al Convenio Europeo. En cambio, se critica la solución del Tribunal Constitucional sobre el donante de esperma por sobredimensionar el derecho a la intimidad del progenitor en desmedro del interés del hijo. La puesta en contraste de estas soluciones permite constatar que la madre, que contaba con medidas de apoyo en concretas situaciones que pudieran poner en riesgo la vida del hijo, las pierde; mientras el padre que, a partir de la reforma del año 1981 que impuso la libertad de investigación de la paternidad, había perdido sus antiguos privilegios, se ve beneficiado de la misma dispensa que ahora se niega para la madre.The present paper discuss the solutions that Spain's Constitutional Tribunal and Spain's Supreme Court have issued in filiation cases, in which the

  4. Semantic Storyboard of Judicial Debates: A Novel Multimedia Summarization Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fersini, E.; Sartori, F.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The need of tools for content analysis, information extraction and retrieval of multimedia objects in their native form is strongly emphasized into the judicial domain: digital videos represent a fundamental informative source of events occurring during judicial proceedings that should be stored, organized and retrieved in short time and…

  5. The Judicial Construction of the Role of the Teacher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliverio, Cesare; Manley-Casimir, Michael

    2005-01-01

    This paper examines the evolving Canadian jurisprudence at the appellate court level to outline the emerging definition--what is termed the "judicial construction"--of the role of the teacher. "Judicial construction" is a phrase intended to capture the attribution by judges of the social and educational significance of teachers. It is a phrase…

  6. Judicial Performance Review in Arizona: A Critical Assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca White Berch

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Judicial performance evaluations are a relatively new tool for assessing judges and providing information to voters to help them determine whether to retain judges in contested or retention elections. Arizona implemented its judicial evaluation program about 20 years ago, and since that time, the state has continually strived to improve its process. The result is that today Arizona has one of the most progressive and comprehensive judicial performance evaluation programs in the United States. This article takes a critical look at the strengths and weaknesses of Arizona’s program, keeping in mind two key values that the system seeks to protect: judicial accountability and judicial independence. Las evaluaciones del rendimiento judicial son una herramienta relativamente nueva para evaluar a los jueces y ofrecer información a los votantes, que les ayude a decidir si quieren reelegir a los jueces en las elecciones. Arizona implementó su programa de evaluación judicial hace unos 20 años, y desde ese momento, el Estado se ha esforzado continuamente en mejorar el proceso. El resultado es que hoy en día, Arizona tiene uno de los programas de evaluación del rendimiento judicial más progresistas e integrales de los Estados Unidos. Este artículo ofrece una mirada crítica a las fortalezas y debilidades del programa de Arizona, teniendo en cuenta dos valores clave que el sistema trata de proteger: la responsabilidad judicial y la independencia judicial. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2533868

  7. La influencia del género en las decisiones de los tribunales: del paternalismo judicial a los papeles familiares The influence of the gender on judicial decision-making: from judicial paternalism to family roles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreia de Castro-Rodrigues

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Recurriendo al concepto de género como objeto de análisis, este artículo realiza una retrospectiva sobre la evolución de la investigación sobre la influencia de factores extralegales en las decisiones judiciales, a través de la lectura de sus referencias bibliográficas más destacadas. En el caso concreto del género, esta evolución se caracteriza por una sofisticación crítica que provocó un cambio en las explicaciones asociadas a las diferencias encontradas en las sentencias atribuidas a hombres y mujeres. Esta transición parte de perspectivas simplistas relacionadas con una actitud paternalista por parte del sistema de justicia criminal, y evoluciona hasta perspectivas complejas y multifacéticas relacionadas con los diferentes papeles familiares ejercidos por hombres y mujeres.Using the concept of gender as an object of analysis, this article aims at having a retrospective description of the methodological and conceptual evolution regarding the influence of extralegal aspects on judicial decisions research through the most prominent authors. In the specific case of Gender, this evolution is characterized by a critical sophistication. The transition in the explanations in differential criminal sentences attributed to men and women evolved from a simplistic perspective linked to paternalism and chivalry hypothesis to more complex and multifaceted standpoints related to the different family roles exercised by men and women.

  8. Conflitos e consensos na exigibilidade judicial do direito à educação básica

    OpenAIRE

    Adriana Dragone Silveira

    2013-01-01

    O presente artigo analisa os obstáculos enfrentados para a exigibilidade do direito à educação, por meio do recurso ao Judiciário, relacionados aos argumentos sobre a escassez de recursos para a concretização deste direito, a impossibilidade de interferência do Judiciário no poder discricionário do Executivo e a satisfação das demandas difusas e coletivas referentes à formulação e a concretização de políticas públicas. Os temas são discutidos a partir dos limites apresentados para a efetivaçã...

  9. LA TUTELA JUDICIAL EFECTIVA EN LA RESOLUCIÓN DE DECLARATORIA DE ADOPTABILIDAD DE NIÑOS EN COLOMBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lina Marcela Estrada Jaramillo

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available En la actualidad se viene evidenciando falencias en las resoluciones de declaratorias de adoptabilidad de los niños y niñas proferidas por el Defensor de Familia en Colombia tal como se evidenció en la sentencia T- 844 de 2011, atribuible a la inobservancia de los lineamientos técnicos y legales establecidos para ésta medida de protección, de allí la necesidad de realizar una política sobre la adopciones que incluya la tutela judicial efectiva integrada por el debido proceso y la valoración probatoria tanto en sede administrativa como judicial, para superar las dificultades que se vienen presentando actualmente y así garantizar a partir de la misma, los derechos fundamentales de los sujetos implicados en ella.

  10. La Gaceta Judicial (1861-1862

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vania Ramos Núñez

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available La elaboración del índice que presentamos ha sido emprendida usando dos colecciones de la Biblioteca Nacional del Perú. Una de ellas puede hallarse en la Colección Porras de la Sala Alberto Tauroo antigua sala de investigaciones, bajo el código XPPB/340/Gl2J/1857. Dicha colección se encuentra incompleta y ha sido compaginada junto a la Gaceta de los Tribunales (1857-1860 con la que comparte un volumen. La segunda, en mejor estado de conservación, base primordial de este trabajo, pudo consultarse en la vieja hemeroteca, hoy Sala «José Antonio Miró Quesada», hallándose virtualmente completa. Unicamente faltaban los números 4 y 218, correspondientes al 22 de mayo de 1861 y al 26 de febrero de 1862, respectivamente. La Gaceta Judicial/P.1861, en el fondo hemerográfico, es la única seña que identifica a esta segunda colección.

  11. La Rama Judicial frente al conflicto armado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Alberto Gómez Araujo

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available La Rama Judicial en Colombia ha sido victima continua de la violencia, pero en igual sentido, se ha convertido también en un factor generador en la medida en que la falta de una pronta y cumplida justicia o la imposibilidad de acceder a ella, trae como consecuencia una desconfianza en la institucionalídad y una tenencia a la búsqueda de otras soluciones al margen de la ley. No obstante la existencia de un marco normativo idóneo para impulsar procesos de paz en Colombia y los intentos formales por acudir a los mecanismos concertados de solución de conflictos, el fracaso de tales esfuerzos se debe a la ausencia de voluntad política real de los actores del conflicto, lo que ha venido generando en la comunidad incredulidad y desesperanza en la solución del conflicto por estas vias. Sin embargo, es vital para elfuturo de la sociedad colombiana persistir en la exploración defórmulas que busquen una salída a la coyuntura dolorosa de violencia que estamos pasando.

  12. Improvements of Judicial Systems: European Experiences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pim Albers

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available A proper function of courts is to positively influence the economic development of societies. Companies or enterprises are best served when courts function in a fast, fair and affordable manner. However, courts exist not only for the sake of companies, but to bring justice to citizens in accordance with the rule of law. I will focus little attention on the difficulties associated with defining the concept of rule of law. However, it is important to emphasize that developed societies must respect the rule of law. They do so by ensuring an independent judiciary, an impartial court system, a degree of separation of powers between the executive, legislative and the judicial powers of government, and the right to a fair trial. In the greater European community, these essential conditions are set forth in article 6 of the European Convention on Human Rights which states that: “(… everyone is entitled to a fair and public hearing within reasonable time by an independent and impartial tribunal established by law

  13. Explaining the judicial independence of international courts: a comparative analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beach, Derek

    condition. The paper first develops three sets of competing explanatory variables that potentially can explain variations in the judicial independence of ICs. The causal effects of these explanatory variables upon variance in judicial independence are investigated in a comparative analysis of the ACJ, ECJ......What factors allow some international courts (ICs) to rule against the express preferences of powerful member states, whereas others routinely defer to governments? While judicial independence is not the only factor explaining the strength of a given international institution, it is a necessary...

  14. Literatura y activismo intelectual en la Argentina de los 80. Notas a partir de Lecturas críticas. Revista de Investigación y Teorías Literarias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Analía Isabel Gerbaudo

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available A partir de Lecturas críticas. Revista de Investigación y Teorías Literarias, este trabajo describe diferentes formas del activismo intelectual desarrollado en Argentina en torno a la literatura, la teoría y la crítica literarias durante la última dictadura militar. Los “grupos de estudio” (o la llamada “universidad de las catacumbas”, además de hacer circular y discutir literatura y teorías prohibidas, producen conferencias, revistas así como un colectivo crítico que, con el retorno democrático, renovará la enseñanza y la investigación universitarias en una zona importante del país. Pero por otro lado, durante la dictadura, estas formaciones y las derivas que generan en el campo actúan como núcleos de resistencia desajustados de la moral y de la ideología oficiales. Palabras claveliteratura * universidad de las catacumbas  *  Argentina  *  dictadura  * teoría y crítica literarias 

  15. A judicial rashomon: on ageism and narrative justice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doron, Israel

    2012-03-01

    How are old people treated in courts? How do judges construct old age? To what extent judicial decisions regarding older persons reflect ageist attitudes? Historically, these questions have received relatively little attention in gerontological literature. This Israeli case-study tries to add a new dimension to the growing literature in the field of jurisprudential gerontology, in a context that so far received little attention: narrative justice. More specifically, this study combines a narrative-justice theoretical approach, with a legal case-study methodology, in order to explore the relationships between judicial narratives and ageism. The narrative analysis presented in this case study exposes how in contrast to common perception, which views legal decisions as objective and unimaginative texts, reality is different. The judicial case studied in this article exemplify how in real life, judges often construct a socio-judicial narrative, embellished by personal bias and prejudices regarding old age.

  16. Judicial Decisions in the Field of Labour Law.

    Science.gov (United States)

    International Labour Review, 1993

    1993-01-01

    Summarizes recent judicial decisions in various countries concerning application of general legal principles to labor law, access to employment, conditions of employment, occupational safety and health, social security, and labor relations. (Author/SK)

  17. Caseload Allocation and Special Judicial Skills: Finding the 'Right Judge'?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Wallace

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Australian courts, as with those in most common law systems, value judicial officers who are generalists. Appointment to a court indicates that the appointee is capable of dealing impartially with all types of cases that come before it. However, caseload allocation processes within courts also recognize and value different skills or expertise that may be applied to particular types of cases or to particular judicial tasks. Our research investigates ways magistrates courts in Australia (first instance courts of general criminal and civil jurisdiction manage caseload allocation processes to match magistrates' skills and abilities to specific work demands within their general jurisdictions as well as to the demands of specialist lists and courts. The research draws on interview data collected from judicial officers and court staff involved in caseload allocation in four Australian jurisdictions. This research finds that these courts place a high value on the principle that ‘everyone should be able to do everything’ and the entitlement of individual judicial officers to a caseload that is balanced and fair in relation to their colleagues. However, this preference for generalist judicial officers can create tensions in relation to the need to staff specialist lists, and to sometimes use particular skills in the general lists. Despite the presumption of competence, those allocating generalist and specialist caseload take into account different skills and expertise in the judicial workforce in the allocation decisions. Preferences of judicial officers for particular types of work can also play a role. However, the process by which assessments are made about expertise is also less than transparent in many cases, and draws largely on informal sources of knowledge. Magistrates and court users may benefit from a more clearly defined and transparent process to identify and develop skills and expertise, and allocate caseload accordingly. Such a process

  18. Judicial Districts, Judicial District, Published in 1999, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Lafayette County Land Records.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Judicial Districts dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 1999. It is...

  19. Judicial Districts, nevada judicial districts, Published in 2006, 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, Washoe County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Judicial Districts dataset, published at 1:1200 (1in=100ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2006. It is described as 'nevada...

  20. Kári á Rógvi, West-Nordic Constitutional Judicial Review: A Comparative Study of Scandinavian Judicial Review and Judicial Reasoning (Copenhagen: Djøf Publishing, 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachael L. Johnstone

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Review of the following book: Kári á Rógvi, West-Nordic Constitutional Judicial Review: A Comparative Study of Scandinavian Judicial Review and Judicial Reasoning (Copenhagen: Djøf Publishing, 2013. pp. 364, 45.00 GBP (paperback. ISBN: 8757429154

  1. Consideraciones sobre el concepto de Arma de Fuego en la Balística Judicial

    OpenAIRE

    Amaury Suárez González

    2010-01-01

    El empleo de armas de fuego como uno de los medios en la comisión de hechos delictivos no ha dejado de ser una constante dentro de la ocurrencia del delito y de hecho su uso se ha venido incrementando si no significativamente sí de forma sostenida, lo cual repercute en la necesidad de una mayor atención a este tema. En el caso específico de la Criminalística nos ha tocado muy a menudo dilucidar si determinado ingenio constituye o no un arma de fuego y de ser...

  2. El problema de las bandas en España como objeto de producción académica y de activismo etnográfico

    OpenAIRE

    Queirolo Palmas, Luca

    2014-01-01

    Este artículo es parte de una investigación más amplia en el marco del proyecto de investigación europea YOUGANG (Gangs Policies: youth and migration in local contexts, www.yougang.udl.cat). La investigación ha sido financiada a través de una Marie Curie Intra European Fellowship (7th European Community Framework Programme) en la Universidad de Lleida. La base empírica del texto se sustenta sobre un significativo esfuerzo de investigación empírica realizado entre octubre de 2011 y julio de 20...

  3. Ensenyament pràctic en 3D: judici virtual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Escutia Romero

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Aquest article descriu els resultats de l'aplicació de metaversos com a eina d'ensenyament en l'àmbit jurídic. L'activitat pedagògica realitzada s'ha dut a terme a través de la simulació d'un judici virtual a Second Life. L'enfocament donat a l'exercici del dret en un entorn virtual ha combinat les següents activitats: (1 l'anàlisi jurídica a través de fòrums de discussió, com una activitat obligatòria prèvia al judici. Aquesta tasca inicial es va dur a terme a través de la plataforma d'aprenentatge asincrònica en 2D Moodle (Aula Judicial; (2 el treball col.laboratiu a través de Google Docs per a preparar tots els documents legals pertinents (demanda, contestació i tramitació judicial; i (3 la immersió síncrona en una experiència 3D d'un judici a Second Life.

  4. The judicial domain in view Figures, trends and perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Loth

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper sets out to describe the most relevant social tendencies that can influence the Dutch judicial system’s domain in the medium term and to evaluate the possible effects of these tendencies on the composition of legal fields. American legal theory concerning the role of the courts’ functions is a frame of reference for the analysis. In the light of a quantitative paradigm, first, the judicial domain is represented in figures and demarcated with respect to the domains of other relevant activities and participants. The social role of courts in the Dutch legal system is then considered in the light of a qualitative paradigm, focusing on the influence of the judge and the impact of his judgments. These lines of thought are brought together in the description of a few possible scenarios for the development of the judicial domain in the Netherlands in the years to come. A few conclusions round off this investigation.

  5. Organic Law Of Judicial Guarantees And Constitutional Control

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernesto López Freire

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper demonstrates the various unconstitutional and fallacies of the Organic Law of Judicial guarantees and Constitutional Control. For that, there will be a comprehensive collation between the mentioned law and the Constitution of the Republic of Ecuador and force. Through this analysis shows a lack of knowledge of Ecuadorian law or legal science by their authors. This study elucidated, inter alia, the inconsistencies in matters relating to the interpretation of constitutional provisions, full compensation, material and integral; challenge administrative acts, judicial unit.

  6. MULTILINGUAL LAW AND JUDICIAL INTERPRETATION IN THE EU

    OpenAIRE

    Ćapeta, Tamara

    2009-01-01

    Summary: The purpose of this article is to assess how multilingualism affects judicial interpretation of EU law. In the EU, the European Court of Justice is in the position of having the final say on what EU norms mean. Therefore, the article looks into the case law of that Court. It is well known that all official EU languages (23 of them at present) are authentic languages. Less known is what the related consequences are for interpretation in judicial proceedings. The first aim of the arti...

  7. Presupuesto del Poder Judicial en la provincia de La Pampa

    OpenAIRE

    Yamila Ethel Magiorano

    2014-01-01

    El tema abordado en este artículo corresponde al proyecto “Génesis y transformación del Poder Judicial deLa Pampa: reconstrucción histórica a través de un relevamiento documental y testimonial”, acreditado enla Facultad de Ciencias Económicas y Jurídicas dela Universidad Nacional de La Pampa en el año 2013.  El objetivo del presente trabajo es considerar y analizar las características del presupuesto, en especial el que corresponde al Poder Judicial, para conocer su uso y funcionamiento en el...

  8. Cooperación judicial penal en Europa

    OpenAIRE

    Carmona Ruano, Miguel; González Vega, Ignacio U.; Moreno Catena, Víctor; Arnáiz Serrano, Amaya

    2013-01-01

    Evolución de la Cooperación Judicial Penal Internacional: en especial, la Cooperación Judicial Penal en Europa / Amaya Arnáiz Serrano. -- El cambio de paradigma y el principio de reconocimiento mutuo y sus implicaciones. Perspectivas del Tratado de Lisboa / Víctor Moreno Catena. -- El fortalecimiento de la confianza mutua: garantías procesales del imputado, estatuto de la víctima y protección de los datos personales / Jorge Albino Alves Costa y Marcos Loredo Colunga. -- El Convenio de Asis...

  9. Role of the case law to ensure judicial power

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pesudovs A.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The research substantiates the need for uniform court practice, by underscoring the importance of it in complying with uniform administration of justice, increase of procedural economy and effectiveness, and ensuring indivisibility of judicial power. Practical part of the research is constituted by study of the practice of the application of laws in the judicial system of the Republic of Latvia. Focus is on the decisions on undisputed compulsory execution of obligations. For more objective substantiation of the problem also other adjudications are analysed with regard to essential civil law matters.

  10. 41 CFR 128-1.8010 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Judicial review. 128-1.8010 Section 128-1.8010 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System (Continued) DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE 1-INTRODUCTION 1.80-Seismic Safety Program §...

  11. The Legitimizing Function of Judicial Rhetoric in the Eugenics Controversy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hasian, Marouf, Jr.; Croasmun, Earl

    1992-01-01

    Investigates the possibility that judicial policymaking is responsive to the situational exigencies created in part through public discourse. Investigates the elite and public perspectives regarding the eugenics controversy in the 1920s to explore the emergent relationship between the public and technical spheres of argument. (SR)

  12. Can Social Science Data Be Used in Judicial Decisionmaking?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doyle, William E.

    1977-01-01

    Discusses the importance of social science data in influencing federal court decisions, particularly in cases involving school integration, and concludes that the impact of such data on judicial decision-making in the field of constitutional law is less than is generally presumed. (JG)

  13. A responsabilidade tributária do administrador judicial

    OpenAIRE

    Araújo, António Peixoto; Machado, Maria João Pimentel Felgueiras

    2015-01-01

    Sumário: I. Introdução; II. Responsabilidade tributária; III. Normas jurídicas; IV. O CIRE; V. O estatuto do administrador judicial; VI. A posição da Autoridade Tributária; VII. Jurisprudência; VIII. A reforma do CIRE em 2012; IX. Conclusão.

  14. 41 CFR 101-6.214 - Judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Judicial review. 101-6.214 Section 101-6.214 Public Contracts and Property Management Federal Property Management Regulations System FEDERAL PROPERTY MANAGEMENT REGULATIONS GENERAL 6-MISCELLANEOUS REGULATIONS...

  15. 7 CFR 1.170 - Appeal to the Judicial Officer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Appeal to the Judicial Officer. 1.170 Section 1.170 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATIONS Rules of Practice Governing Cease and Desist Proceedings Under Section 2 of the Capper-Volstead Act § 1.170 Appeal to the...

  16. Methodologies for Measuring Judicial Performance: The Problem of Bias

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    Jennifer Elek

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Concerns about gender and racial bias in the survey-based evaluations of judicial performance common in the United States have persisted for decades. Consistent with a large body of basic research in the psychological sciences, recent studies confirm that the results from these JPE surveys are systematically biased against women and minority judges. In this paper, we explain the insidious manner in which performance evaluations may be biased, describe some techniques that may help to reduce expressions of bias in judicial performance evaluation surveys, and discuss the potential problem such biases may pose in other common methods of performance evaluation used in the United States and elsewhere. We conclude by highlighting the potential adverse consequences of judicial performance evaluation programs that rely on biased measurements. Durante décadas ha habido una preocupación por la discriminación por género y racial en las evaluaciones del rendimiento judicial basadas en encuestas, comunes en Estados Unidos. De acuerdo con un gran corpus de investigación básica en las ciencias psicológicas, estudios recientes confirman que los resultados de estas encuestas de evaluación del rendimiento judicial están sistemáticamente sesgados contra las mujeres y los jueces de minorías. En este artículo se explica la manera insidiosa en que las evaluaciones de rendimiento pueden estar sesgadas, se describen algunas técnicas que pueden ayudar a reducir las expresiones de sesgo en los estudios de evaluación del rendimiento judicial, y se debate el problema potencial que estos sesgos pueden plantear en otros métodos comunes de evaluación del rendimiento utilizados en Estados Unidos y otros países. Se concluye destacando las posibles consecuencias adversas de los programas de evaluación del rendimiento judicial que se basan en mediciones sesgadas. DOWNLOAD THIS PAPER FROM SSRN: http://ssrn.com/abstract=2533937

  17. Judicial Cooperation Based On a European Evidence Warrant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela Laura Pamfil

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The assurance of a better judicial cooperation between European Union Member States is aconstant preoccupation of the Council of Europe, taking into consideration that the European Union has setitself the objective of maintaining and developing an area of freedom, security and justice. The achievementof this objective is only possible if among EU Member States there is a high level of confidence and a mutualrecognition of the decisions issued by the competent judicial authorities. The European arrest warrant was thefirst concrete measure in the field of criminal law implementing the principle of mutual recognition which theEuropean Council referred to as cornerstone of judicial cooperation. It was followed by other measuresdesigned to create the legal framework of the judicial cooperation; some of these measures concerns the fightagainst corruption, terrorism, cross-border criminality, racism and xenophobia while others are applicable inany case, such as the order of freezing the property and the evidence. On 18 December 2008, a newinstrument was created in order to improve the judicial cooperation between the Member States: the Europeanevidence warrant. Its purpose is to assure the obtaining of the objects, documents and data which may be usedas evidence in proceedings in criminal matters in issuing State, from another Member State. So, the aim ofthis Framework Decision is to complete the provision of the Decision on the execution of orders freezingproperty and evidence which is not talking about the transfer of the evidence after the freezing.Romania, like the other European Union Member States must transpose the provision of this Decision in thenational law by 19 January 2011. That is why we would like to analyse the procedures and the safeguardsprovided by this Decision and to show the way we see the European evidence warrant settled in ourlegislation.

  18. Movimientos sociales, activismo constitucional y narrativa democrática en la Argentina contemporánea Social movements, constitutional activism and democratic narrative in contemporary Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Delamata

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza tres procesos recientes de movilización socio-legal en Argentina y subraya el rol de la Constitución y la comunidad legal garantista en su despliegue. El enfoque utilizado propone entender los procesos bajo la forma de una reactivación del patrón activista gestado en la transición democrática y señala sus efectos actuales sobre los procedimientos democráticos y la gramática de ciudadanía.The article analyzes three contemporary processes of socio-legal mobilization in Argentina and underlines the role of the Constitution and of the legal community in its enforcement. The adopted approach aims at understanding those processes as a sort of reactivation of the activist tradition born during the transition to democracy, and emphasizing the present effects of this constitutional activism on democratic procedures and the citizenship grammar.

  19. The World Bank Inspection Panel and Quasi-Judicial Oversight: In Search of the 'Judicial Spirit' in Public International Law

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Naudé Fourie (Andria)

    2009-01-01

    textabstractThis PhD dissertation conceptualizes the World Bank Inspection Panel as a mechanism of quasi-judicial review or oversight, aimed at enhancing the accountability and legitimacy of the World Bank – which is conceived as an international institution exercising public power. The author engag

  20. Judicial Performance and Experiences of Judicial Work: Findings from socio-legal research by Sharyn Roach Anleu & Kathy Mack: Commentary

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    Gar Yein Ng

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This commentary examines the contribution in this edition by Roach Anleu & Mack, based on arguments that reducing judicial performance evaluation (ergo any professional performance to that which is easily measurable removes the human aspect of that performance, and is therefore less accurate. Here, “measurable” is meant as focusing only on the “outward performance”, “interaction with stakeholders” and how judges perform in relation to numbers of cases. Compared to such organisational standards, judicial codes of ethics or other written codes reflect the more traditional values of the judiciary, such as independence and impartiality. This can be seen e.g. in the experiences of the Organisation for Security and Cooperation in Europe in supporting the use of judicial performance standards. The argument in the paper, supported by this commentator, is that such exercises are superficial and more depth is needed to capture the entirety of the judicial experience using the model presented. Este comentario analiza el artículo de Roach Anleu y Mack en este número, en base a los argumentos de que limitar la evaluación del rendimiento judicial (ergo cualquier rendimiento profesional a lo que es fácilmente medible elimina el aspecto humano de ese rendimiento, y es por lo tanto menos preciso. Aquí, por “medible” se entiende lo que está centrado únicamente en el “rendimiento exterior”, la “interacción con los interesados” y el rendimiento de los jueces en relación con el número de casos. En comparación con estas normas de organización, los códigos judiciales de ética u otros códigos escritos reflejan los valores más tradicionales de la judicatura, como la independencia o imparcialidad. Esto puede verse, por ejemplo, en las experiencias de la Organización para la Seguridad y la Cooperación en Europa en apoyar el uso de las normas de rendimiento judicial. El argumento del artículo, apoyado por esta autora, es que estos

  1. Explaining judicial corruption in the courts of Chile, Peru and Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    Santiago Basabe-Serrano

    2013-01-01

    This article identifies the main variables that explain judicial corruption in Chile, Peru, and Ecuador. Improving the current methodological strategies used to measure judicial corruption and incorporating endogenous and exogenous variables in the model, this article argues that legal training of the judges, respect for the judicial career, and the fragmentation of political power explain different degrees of judicial corruption. Through a comparative diachronic and synchronic research desig...

  2. 75 FR 32816 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-09

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy...

  3. Siguiendo sus pasos: Explorando el activismo sociopolítico de los puertorriqueños en Nueva York desde una perspectiva Afrocéntrica.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milagros Denis-Rosario

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Muchos estudios destacan que los puertorriqueños no encajan en la definición racial americana de "negro o blanco", y que debido a esta "singularidad" la experiencia racial puertorriqueña se debe medir de manera diferente. Este trabajo evalúa las actividades de puertorriqueños negros que llegaron y establecieron en Nueva York y quienes a pesar de enfrentar problemas de adaptación, racismo y pobreza persistente, forjaron una identidad la cual resuena con la experiencia y perspectiva de Arturo Schomburg, quien como puertorriqueño negro fue uno de los pioneros de la tradición afrocéntrica. Como historiadora en este artículo reviso la vida y obra de Schomburg y examino su gesta sobre el papel central de África y sus descendientes en la historia del mundo. También reviso la filosofía del historiador surafricano C. Tsehloane Keto, quien postula la centralidad de la historia de África en la interpretación de la experiencia de las personas de ascendencia africana en los Estados Unidos y en todo el mundo. Enmarcado en el contexto del trabajo de Keto y de Schomburg recalco que el proceso de la construcción de la identidad nacionalista cultural puertorriqueña en la ciudad de Nueva York demuestra un aspecto de la identidad "Nuyorican" la cual se caracteriza por una corriente afro-céntrica que va a la par con el movimiento negro afroamericano.

  4. El género judicial. Materiales para su uso lingüístico / The judicial genre. Materials for its Linguistic study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana Ridao Rodrigo

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: El objetivo de este libro es contribuir al estudio del género judicial mediante la utilización de corpus orales. En el ámbito anglosajón, la lingüística forense ha sido una línea de trabajo muy cultivada por diversos investigadores, como lingüistas, sociólogos, psicólogos o traductores; pues nos encontramos ante un campo de análisis interdisciplinar. Estamos convencidos de que en español se han realizado pocos estudios sobre juicios orales debido a las dificultades que conlleva conseguir el corpus. Por ello, en este volumen nos hemos propuesto presentar las transcripciones de doce juicios. Igualmente, en la introducción facilitamos algunos datos relevantes relacionados con el devenir histórico de este género discursivo. A su vez, hacemos una breve presentación del estado de la cuestión. Dentro de la explicación de las variables sociosemióticas que configuran los juicios, destacamos los participantes y las relaciones de poder, así como la distribución del espacio y del tiempo.Abstract: The aim of the following book is to contribute to the study of the judicial genre by using oral corpus of speech. With respect to Anglo-Saxon context, forensic linguistics has been a line of work cultivated by many different researchers, including linguists, sociologists, psychologists, and translators; therefore, we find ourselves among a vast field of interdisciplinary analyses. We are convinced that there have been very few studies conducted regarding trials in Spanish due to the difficulties of obtaining the oral corpus. For that reason, in this volume we have proposed to present the transcriptions of twelve trials. Likewise, in the introduction we provide research relevant to the historic evolution of this field. Shortly after, we make a brief background. Within the explanation of the socio-semiotic variables that shape each trial, we point out the participants and the relevance of power, such as the distribution of space and time.

  5. Responsible Communication between the Judicial and Deontological Norm

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Aurelia Popa

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Confronting with numerous problems related to moral judgment, the responsibility and irresponsibility in what concerns the vast domain of communication, we are interested in forming a correct and complete vision that crosses the judicial and deontological domain of the profession. The deontological norms are meant to guarantee, by their freely consented acceptance, the good fulfillment of the mission of the journalists, recognized as being indispensable for the god functioning of any human society. The laws do not expressly refer to the deontological norms, but these norms exist according to the law order and are necessary for its guarantee in this social context, which is chaotic from the point of view of the legislation in communication. The aspects analyzed here aremeant to indicate the manner in which passing from deontological norm to the judicial norm creates an external constraint for the communicator which brings more responsibility in view of avoiding the journalistic conflicts.

  6. Judicial astrology in theory and practice in later medieval Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carey, Hilary M

    2010-06-01

    Interrogations and elections were two branches of Arabic judicial astrology made available in Latin translation to readers in western Europe from the twelfth century. Through an analysis of the theory and practice of interrogations and elections, including the writing of the Jewish astrologer Sahl b. Bishr, this essay considers the extent to which judicial astrology was practiced in the medieval west. Consideration is given to historical examples of interrogations and elections mostly from late medieval English manuscripts. These include the work of John Dunstaple (ca. 1390-1453), the musician and astrologer who is known have served at the court of John, duke of Bedford. On the basis of the relatively small number of surviving historical horoscopes, it is argued that the practice of interrogations and elections lagged behind the theory. PMID:20513620

  7. Judicial Impartiality, subjectivity and conviction: the Logical Judgement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clementina Pintos Bentancur

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available There are several studies on the procedural aspects of the judicial decision. However, only few of them have examined a key aspect of such decision: the psychological conviction of the judge. We focus, firstly, on the procedure aspects which compose the judgment, such as its elements, its nature, evidence and its evaluation principles; arriving, finally, to the logic judgment itself. From a substantial view, we pass through different elements which are closely related with the conviction of the judge and its limits; such as neutrality, discretionality and assessment when delivering the decision. Throughout different reflections and case law analysis, including a brief study on common law, we conclude that judicial subjectivity is much appreciated in our system. As well, we consider through this paper, possible mechanisms that assure control on such an abstract element, always taking into consideration its main purpose: bring justice.

  8. Judicial astrology in theory and practice in later medieval Europe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carey, Hilary M

    2010-06-01

    Interrogations and elections were two branches of Arabic judicial astrology made available in Latin translation to readers in western Europe from the twelfth century. Through an analysis of the theory and practice of interrogations and elections, including the writing of the Jewish astrologer Sahl b. Bishr, this essay considers the extent to which judicial astrology was practiced in the medieval west. Consideration is given to historical examples of interrogations and elections mostly from late medieval English manuscripts. These include the work of John Dunstaple (ca. 1390-1453), the musician and astrologer who is known have served at the court of John, duke of Bedford. On the basis of the relatively small number of surviving historical horoscopes, it is argued that the practice of interrogations and elections lagged behind the theory.

  9. Corrupção e judiciário: a (ineficácia do sistema judicial no combate à corrupção Corruption and judicial system: the (ineffectiveness of the judicial system against corruption

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Higino Ribeiro de Alencar

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Há uma percepção generalizada no brasil de que funcionários públicos corruptos não são punidos. Não obstante, até o momento, não há evidências empíricas que apóiem essa afirmação e muitos argumentam que se trata de uma percepção equivocada decorrente do aumento de medidas anticorrupção. Uma das principais razões para essa notável ausência é a grande dificuldade de se identificar casos comprovados de corrupção para, então, se averiguar se eles foram ou não punidos pelo sistema judicial. Este artigo usa o sistema brasileiro de responsabilidade tríplice como um experimento natural para medir o desempenho do sistema judicial contra corrupção. Nossos resultados mostram que o sistema judicial brasileiro é altamente ineficaz no combate à corrupção, sendo a probabilidade de ser punido menor do que 5%.There is a widespread perception in Brazil that civil servants caught in corrupt practices are not punished. Yet, until now, there was no hard evidence that would support such claim and some argued that this was just a misleading perception due to the recent increase in anti-corruption measures. One of the main reasons for this notable absence is the difficulty of identifying atual cases of corruption to evalute whether the agents are actully being punished by the judicial system or not. This article uses the brazilian triple responsibility system as a natural experiment to assess juducial system is highly ineffective agaist corruption with a lower than 5% probability of conviction.

  10. Judicial Enforcement of Economic, Social and Cultural Right

    OpenAIRE

    Aulona Haxhiraj

    2013-01-01

    Economic, social and cultural right (“social right”) have historically been viewed as distinct in natyre and scope from civil and political right. Rather than being viewed as judicially enforceable rights of immeadiate application, such rights have widely been considered non-justiciable programmatic goals to be archieved progressively within available resources, through political processes. The purpose of this paper is to provide the legal and analytical tools to understand why this dichotomy...

  11. Otitis media: diagnosis, management, and judicious use of antibiotics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stool, Sylvan; Carlson, Linda H; Johnson, Candice E

    2002-07-01

    Otitis media continues to present a major challenge to practitioners in the clinical setting. With the ever-increasing trend toward the use of a sound research-structured approach to health care and the use of evidence-based guidelines, it is important to have an understanding of these findings related to otitis media. A review of research-supported literature regarding the diagnosis and management of this disease, and suggestions for the judicious use of antibiotics, are presented in this paper.

  12. Research on the Judicial Relief System of Villagers’ Autonomy Rights

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    Starting from the division of the functions of the village committee,the use of self-government rights of the villagers was examined in view of the different functions.Judicial remedies should be screened whether or not the exercise of autonomy,as well as the main disputes in order to determine the specific litigation.The responsibility determination of the villagers’ autonomy rights prosecution in different circumstances is put forward.

  13. Explaining judicial corruption in the courts of Chile, Peru and Ecuador

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santiago Basabe-Serrano

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This article identifies the main variables that explain judicial corruption in Chile, Peru, and Ecuador. Improving the current methodological strategies used to measure judicial corruption and incorporating endogenous and exogenous variables in the model, this article argues that legal training of the judges, respect for the judicial career, and the fragmentation of political power explain different degrees of judicial corruption. Through a comparative diachronic and synchronic research design of Chile, Peru and Ecuador, the article shows institutional designs with more legal steps will be more inclined to illegal payments or other types of judicial corruption.

  14. Judicial Enforcement of Economic, Social and Cultural Right

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aulona Haxhiraj

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available Economic, social and cultural right (“social right” have historically been viewed as distinct in natyre and scope from civil and political right. Rather than being viewed as judicially enforceable rights of immeadiate application, such rights have widely been considered non-justiciable programmatic goals to be archieved progressively within available resources, through political processes. The purpose of this paper is to provide the legal and analytical tools to understand why this dichotomy is false. The paper will consider the international normative framework for the legal protection of social rights, the specific content of state obligations under treaties dealing with such rights, how the international social rights monitoring system functions, and the various obstacles and opportunities currently facing the judicial enforceability of social rights. In every society there is violation which implies its citizen not get proper social right, economical right and cultural right. Proper implementation and adoption of judicial enforcement can reduce this violation rate and established social peace. Step mentioned in the above might not perfect but it might be small starting and ensure social, culture & economical right for the people living in the society.

  15. El diario en línea. Metodología para el análisis y la reflexión sobre Internet y las prácticas políticas entre universitarios

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Rebeca Padilla de la Torre

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se describe la metodología de los diarios en línea para analizar las actividades en Internet de un grupo de estudiantes universitarios, identificando entre ellas las vinculadas con la política. El registro de diarios se llevó a cabo durante cuatro meses, periodo en el que se desarrollaron campañas electorales en la ciudad de Aguascalientes, México, y se complementaron con sesiones presenciales, a manera de entrevistas colectivas. Esta metodología fue muy pertinente para detonar la reflexividad de los sujetos de estudio sobre el papel de Internet en su vida diaria y en su participación política. Los hallazgos mostraron diez categorías de prácticas en Internet en nueve distintos soportes. Las principales prácticas fueron de naturaleza social y de entretenimiento y el sentido que prevaleció en las políticas fue el subactivismo que se refiere a la discusión sobre política sin traducirse en actividades de política formal, de subpolítica o activismo

  16. Conflitos e consensos na exigibilidade judicial do direito à educação básica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Dragone Silveira

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo analisa os obstáculos enfrentados para a exigibilidade do direito à educação, por meio do recurso ao Judiciário, relacionados aos argumentos sobre a escassez de recursos para a concretização deste direito, a impossibilidade de interferência do Judiciário no poder discricionário do Executivo e a satisfação das demandas difusas e coletivas referentes à formulação e a concretização de políticas públicas. Os temas são discutidos a partir dos limites apresentados para a efetivação deste direito social e das proposições para a sua superação, recorrendo à literatura e às decisões judiciais do Supremo Tribunal Federal e do Tribunal de Justiça de São Paulo.

  17. Trajetória da revisão judicial no desenho constitucional brasileiro: tutela, autonomia e judicialização The trajectory of judicial review in the brazilian constitutional design: tutelage, autonomy and judicialization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernani Carvalho

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available As instituições judiciárias ficaram por muito tempo na sombra dos fenômenos e da teoria política estudadas na América Latina. Neste texto trago algumas reflexões em torno de uma dessas instituições, a revisão judicial. A ideia central é demonstrar a trajetória deste instrumento jurídico que se tornou uma peça chave no entendimento da judicialização da política no Brasil. Neste sentido, tentaremos mapear os fatores que potencializam a judicialização da política tomando como pano de fundo a evolução das instituições judiciais brasileiras no período republicano, especificamente as instituições responsáveis pela revisão judicial.The judicial institutions remained for a long time in the shadow of the political phenomena and theory in Latin America. This article presents some thoughts on one of these institutions, the judicial review. The main idea is to demonstrate the trajectory of this legal instrument that has become a key piece to understand the judicialization of politics in Brazil. In this sense, the paper tries to identify the factors that lead to the judicialization of politics, considering as background the evolution of the judicial institutions in Brazil during the republican period, and in particular the institutions responsible for the judicial review.

  18. Formula over Function? From Algorithms to Values in Judicial Evaluation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Contini

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the forms and effects of the ‘invasion’ of the ‘temples of the law’ by new economic and managerial forms of performance evaluation. While traditional judicial evaluation focused on how to select and promote individual judges and on the legal quality of the single case, new quantitative methods and formulas are being introduced to assess efficiency, productivity and timeliness of judges and courts. Building on two case studies, from Spain and the Netherlands, the paper illustrates two contrasting approaches to judicial performance evaluation. On the one hand individual judges' productivity is evaluated through quantitative data and mathematical algorithms: in the extreme case considered here, judge's remuneration was adjusted accordingly. On the other hand quantitative and qualitative data, collected by a variety of methods and theoretical frameworks, are used as the basis of a multi-layered negotiation process designed to find a synthesis between competing economic, legal and social values aimed at improving overall organizational performance. Considering the flaws of unidimensional measurement and evaluation systems and considering the incommensurability of the results of the multiple evaluative frameworks (economic, legal, sociological required to overcome such flaws, the authors argue there is a need for political dialogue between relevant players in order to allocate the values appropriate to judicial evaluation. Este artículo analiza las formas y efectos de la “invasión” de los “templos de la ley” por nuevas formas económicas y de gestión como la evaluación del rendimiento. Mientras que la evaluación judicial tradicional se ha centrado en la forma de seleccionar y promocionar a jueces individuales, y en la calidad jurídica de un caso individual, hoy en día se están introduciendo nuevos métodos cuantitativos y fórmulas para determinar la eficiencia, productividad y oportunidad de jueces y

  19. The Political Context of Judicial Review in Indonesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fritz Edward Siregar

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia Constitutional Court will celebrate 12th birthday this August 2015, and it cannot be denied that the Court play significant role in securing democracy in Indonesia. In exercising their authorities, including the election result dispute and judicial review, the Court continue to affirm institutional judicial legitimacy and pursue their role to guard 1945 Constitution and continue to do so. The first Chief Justice Jimly showed how within five years of the Court’s creation, he could strategically maximise its momentum and build up the Court as a respectful institution. The Chief Justice Mahfud MD was then elected to reduce the judicial activism started by Jimly’s bench. However, against promises and expectations, Mahfud MD brought the Court to a level far beyond the imagination of the Constitution drafters. Parliament and President tried to limit Court’s authority, not ones, and the Court able to overcome those constrain. Current various available studies observed only how the Court issued their decision and solely focus to the impact of the decision. Scholars slightly ignore that study about the Court, by reducing other constitutional actor in Indonesia, produce study about the Court itself isn’t complete. In fact, political environment in which the Court operated at that time is one of utmost importance the strengthen of the Court institutional legitimacy. This paper is trying to discover the rise of the Indonesia Constitutional Court, not from what the Court did, but from political environment outside the court. Political parties realize that the Court is the only institution that act as political dispute resolution among them. Political parties maturity and political constraint are the key factor that support the development of the Court’s institutional power.

  20. LA INVESTIGACIÓN DE POLICÍA JUDICIAL EN COLOMBIA Y LA TÉCNICA DE PERFIL CRIMINAL, PARA EL ESCLARECIMIENTO DEL HOMICIDIO COMETIDO POR SICARIO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mabel Morales López

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo contiene una revisión de la literatura sobre el tema perfil criminal y la investigación de Policía judicial para el esclarecimiento del homicidio cometido por sicarios en Colombia.El propósito es comprobar si cumple con la rigurosidad como técnica y si es efectiva en la identificación y captura del agresor que utiliza un modus operandi propio de la cultura criminal en Colombia. A partir de la investigación forense sobre informes periciales de necropsia y la escena del crimen de éste tipo de homicidio, se pretende proponer mejoras en los procesos investigativos y en el entrenamiento de investigadores.

  1. Digital signage sobre IP

    OpenAIRE

    Casademont Filella, Albert

    2012-01-01

    Projecte que versa sobre el disseny i la implementació d'un sistema de Digital Signage (Cartelleria Digital) sobre IP, creant un gestor que permeti controlar de forma remota tot un conjunt de petits dispositius connectats a pantalles que emeten continguts multimèdia com vídeos, imatges, feeds rss...

  2. Local Powers and Judicial Constraints in a Case of Rape in India

    OpenAIRE

    Berti, Daniela

    2015-01-01

    International audience In this article, I analyse this contrasting relationship between the written and the oral in the production of judicial proof, in particular in relation to the problem posed by hostile witnesses. I base my findings on a criminal case which I observed at a district court concerning the rape of an under-age girl in order to analyse how judicial procedures come to be perturbed by extra-judicial power dynamics resulting from local relationships of dominance.

  3. Assessing potential future environmental legislative, regulatory, and judicial events

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tonn, B.; Schweitzer, M.; Godfrey, G. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Wagner, C. [Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville (United States); MacGregor, D.G. [MacGregor-Bates, Inc. (United States)

    1998-03-01

    This report describes a methodology to proactively and methodically assess future potential environmental legislative, regulatory, and judicial events. This is an important endeavor because new, revised, and reauthorized legislation, proposed and final regulations, and outcomes of judicial proceedings have the potential to impose new actions, directions, and costs of many organizations in the United States (related to capital investments, operating approaches, and research and development) and to affect the quality of life. The electric power industry is particularly impacted by environmental regulatory events (the term `regulatory` is used to cover all the types of legal events listed above), as the generation, transmission, and distribution of electricity affects air and water quality, require disposal of solid, hazardous, and radioactive wastes, and at times, impacts wetlands and endangered species. Numerous potential regulatory events, such as the reauthorization of the Clean Water Act and new regulations associated with global climate change, can greatly affect the power industry. Organizations poised to respond proactively to such events will improve their competitive positions, reduce their costs in the long-term, and improve their public images.

  4. Judicialização da política, poder judiciário e comissões parlamentares de inquérito no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Meira Zauli

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available A partir da noção de judicialização da política, procura-se discutir alguns aspectos das relações entre os Poderes Judiciário e Legislativo no Brasil no contexto de vigência da Constituição de 1988. Tendo como foco específico a problemática do controle de constitucionalidade e judicialização dos procedimentos adotados no âmbito das comissões parlamentares de inquérito, o artigo fundamenta-se em pesquisa sobre a jurisprudência do Supremo Tribunal Federal (STF acerca do estatuto e das limitações constitucionais do trabalho das comissões parlamentares de inquérito no Congresso Nacional. Aborda-se a questão da separação de Poderes nas democracias contemporâneas, ilustrando o quanto as inter-relações entre os três ramos do Estado afastam-se, na prática, da formulação clássica da teoria; o que permite toda uma complexa teia de controles mútuos que constituem um campo fértil para a ascendência do poder Judiciário sobre o poder Legislativo e a referida judicialização da política.

  5. 基于司法行为认同对司法公信力的研究%On Judicial Action Identity Based Judicial Credibility

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施中英

    2016-01-01

    当前我国未理顺微观层次上人的感知与司法行为间的互动,公众对司法行为缺乏认同,司法信任付之阙如,司法公信力不足。司法公信力以司法行为认同为逻辑起点,而司法行为的认同以公众对司法行为的主观感知为必要条件。这样的心理效应往往发生于法律程序之中,与主观程序正义密切相关。可以说,提升司法行为认同是提升司法公信力的一个主要思路,文章以司法认同为“钥匙”,以司法信任为线索,同时辅之以主观程序正义的侧面论证,来探寻司法行为认同与司法公信力的联动可能性。%At present,the interaction between people’s perception and judicial action in china isn’t in sequence at the micro levels. Without public awareness of judicial action,judicial trust is rare and public credibility of the judiciary is coming down. The judicial credibility start with the identification of judicial action in logic,and it bases on manˊs subjective sensation about judicial action as indispensable constitutive elements. This psychological effect usually exists in legal procedure,is closely re-lated with subjective procedural justice. It is to say that enhancing social massˊs consents on judicial action is a main thought of promoting judicial credibility. In this paper,the author regards judicial identification as key,with judicial trust as the main clues,and supplemented by subjective procedural justice,to explore the possibility of the interaction between judicial action i-dentity and judicial credibility.

  6. Ultrafiltros sobre ω.

    OpenAIRE

    Mancilla Hernández, Salvador

    2012-01-01

    El objetivo del presente trabajo estudiar los ideales y filtros sobre conjuntos numerables, los que comúnmente conocemos como filtros sobre ω o ideales sobre ω. Dentro de estos, nos enfocaremos en la clase de I-ultrafiltros los cuales fueron estudiados por James Baumgartner en [11]. Y dentro de esta clase de ultrafiltros, nos concentraremos cuando I es {A ⊆ ω : n∈A g(n) < ∞}, también conocido como ideal sumable con respecto a g, donde g es una sucesión de números reales no negativ...

  7. La Capacitación Judicial en México

    OpenAIRE

    Concha, Hugo

    2003-01-01

    En el Instituto de Investigaciones Jurídicas varios investigadores hemos dirigido nuestra atención al análisis e investigación sobre este elemento de formación. Yo particularmente me quisiera dirigir a algunos de los problemas de la educación y formación de jueces, reflexiones derivadas de la experiencia que me ha tocado tener en la coordinación de programas de capacitación con algunos poderes judiciales. Lo que intento hacer es compartir algunas reflexiones sobre lo que ha sido la educación ...

  8. TIC y activismo en organizaciones Mapuche

    OpenAIRE

    Basanta, Juan José

    2012-01-01

    En el siguiente artículo trataremos de analizar algunas de las estrategias de intervención política y cultural a través del uso y apropiación de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación y las prácticas que contribuyen a reorganizar las relaciones de poder en organizaciones indígenas en el territorio argentino. Partimos del supuesto que en la última década distintos Pueblos indígenas en la República Argentina han irrumpido en diferentes espacios políticos organizativos en donde e...

  9. [Analysis of an intercultural clinical practice in a judicial setting].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Govindama, Yolande

    2007-01-01

    This article analyses an intercultural clinical practice in a legal setting from an anthropological and psychoanalytical perspective, demonstrating necessary reorganizations inherent to the framework. The culture of the new country and its founding myth being implicit to the judicial framework, the professional intervening introduces psychoanalytical references particularly totemic principles and the symbolic father by making genealogy, a universal object of transmission as guarantee of fundamental taboos of humanity. The metacultural perspective in this approach integrates ethnopsychoanalytical principles put forth by Devereux as well as the method although this latter has been adapted to the framework. This approach allows to re-question Devereux's ethnopsychoanalytical principles by opening the debate on the perspective of a psychoanalytical as well as psychiatric. PMID:18253668

  10. Judicial review and transitional justice: reflective judgment in three contexts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaela Mihai

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available This article seeks to examine the ways in which courts of constitutional review have tried to deal with public sentiments within societies emerging from large–scale oppression and conflict. A comparative analysis of judicial review decisions from post–communist Hungary, post–Apartheid South Africa and post–dictatorial Argentina is meant to show–case how judges have, more or less successfully, recognised and pedagogically engaged social negative feelings of resentment and indignation towards former victimisers and beneficiaries of violence. Thus, the article hopes to pave the way for more in–depth research on one of the most neglected dimensions of post–conflict societies: public affect.

  11. Judiciário: mudanças e reformas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Tereza Sadek

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available O JUDICIÁRIO brasileiro, diferentemente do que ocorria no passado, está na berlinda e não apresenta mais condições de impedir mudanças. Reformas virão e mudanças já estão em curso, algumas mais e outras menos visíveis, alterando a identidade e o perfil de uma instituição que sempre teve na tradição uma garantia segura contra as inovações.THE JUDICIAL Branch of the Brazilian government, unlike in the past, is now in a not-so-flattering spotlight and no longer able to prevent changes. Reforms will come and changes are already happening, some more and some less visible, altering the identity and the profile of an institution that had always counted on tradition as an assured guarantee against innovation.

  12. Judiciário: mudanças e reformas

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Tereza Sadek

    2004-01-01

    O JUDICIÁRIO brasileiro, diferentemente do que ocorria no passado, está na berlinda e não apresenta mais condições de impedir mudanças. Reformas virão e mudanças já estão em curso, algumas mais e outras menos visíveis, alterando a identidade e o perfil de uma instituição que sempre teve na tradição uma garantia segura contra as inovações.THE JUDICIAL Branch of the Brazilian government, unlike in the past, is now in a not-so-flattering spotlight and no longer able to prevent changes. Reforms w...

  13. ELABORATION OF A JUDICIAL ACCOUNTING EXPERTISE REPORT. AN EXAMPLE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DEACONU SORIN-CONSTANTIN

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The accounting expert profession should be a noble one. It should be respected by third parties as well as the accounting professional in question. The work of a professional accountant involves, among other responsibilities, the elaboration of judicial accounting expertise reports. Unfortunately, the content of certain reports filed in court is not entirely professionally written and eloquent for the judge. The elaboration of a report has to be done according to the rules stipulated in professional standard no. 35 Accounting expertise. One sensitive point in the elaboration of expertise reports is the submission of the lists from the local offices to the courts of law. Most of the times these lists only include some of the experts whose reports are incondite. This article presents an expertise reports with two objectives formulated by the court

  14. Psychological expert witness testimony and judicial decision making trends.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapiro, David L; Mixon, LeKisha; Jackson, Melissa; Shook, Jonathan

    2015-01-01

    Despite the establishment of the Daubert standard in 1993, the evidentiary criteria are rarely used as a basis for admissibility of expert witness testimony in the behavioral sciences. Ever since the promulgation of Frye and the Federal Rules of Evidence, controversy has surrounded the admissibility of expert testimony in courtrooms. There appears to be no existing uniform application of standards governing the admissibility of psychological expert witness testimony. Therefore, it is essential for the psycho-legal communities to explore judicial decision-making trends regarding psychological expert witness evidence. In this current research, psychological expert witness testimony and judicial decision-making will be explored. In preliminary examination, 97 criminal and civil case summaries from the LexisNexis Academic Database involved issues of admissibility. Analyses conducted by eight trained and paired coders revealed that reliability and assistance to the trier of fact were the most often cited reasons for admissibility in courts. Consistent with prior studies, it was also found that the most applied standards for admissibility of psychological evidence were the Federal Rules of Evidence. Interestingly, while the Daubert scientific criteria for admission of scientific testimony were mentioned, they were rarely utilized. A secondary analysis of 167 civil and criminal appellate cases indicated that the reliability of testimony (18% of all cases), ability to assist the trier of fact (17%), the expert witness' qualifications (17%), and the relevance of the testimony (16%) were the most commonly cited reasons for determining admissibility. A tertiary qualitative analysis focusing on these four categories then revealed eight major trends in admissibility of psychological expert evidence. PMID:26341310

  15. Psychological expert witness testimony and judicial decision making trends.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shapiro, David L; Mixon, LeKisha; Jackson, Melissa; Shook, Jonathan

    2015-01-01

    Despite the establishment of the Daubert standard in 1993, the evidentiary criteria are rarely used as a basis for admissibility of expert witness testimony in the behavioral sciences. Ever since the promulgation of Frye and the Federal Rules of Evidence, controversy has surrounded the admissibility of expert testimony in courtrooms. There appears to be no existing uniform application of standards governing the admissibility of psychological expert witness testimony. Therefore, it is essential for the psycho-legal communities to explore judicial decision-making trends regarding psychological expert witness evidence. In this current research, psychological expert witness testimony and judicial decision-making will be explored. In preliminary examination, 97 criminal and civil case summaries from the LexisNexis Academic Database involved issues of admissibility. Analyses conducted by eight trained and paired coders revealed that reliability and assistance to the trier of fact were the most often cited reasons for admissibility in courts. Consistent with prior studies, it was also found that the most applied standards for admissibility of psychological evidence were the Federal Rules of Evidence. Interestingly, while the Daubert scientific criteria for admission of scientific testimony were mentioned, they were rarely utilized. A secondary analysis of 167 civil and criminal appellate cases indicated that the reliability of testimony (18% of all cases), ability to assist the trier of fact (17%), the expert witness' qualifications (17%), and the relevance of the testimony (16%) were the most commonly cited reasons for determining admissibility. A tertiary qualitative analysis focusing on these four categories then revealed eight major trends in admissibility of psychological expert evidence.

  16. ¿Qué justicia queremos? Esencia y existencia del poder judicial

    OpenAIRE

    Damián Moreno, Juan

    2015-01-01

    El autor, que fue formó parte de la Comisión a quien el Consejo de Ministros encargó en 2012 que redactara una propuesta de texto articulado de Anteproyecto de Ley Orgánica del Poder Judicial, analiza cómo ha evolucionado el Poder judicial en España

  17. 75 FR 81645 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-28

    ... UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence. ACTION: Notice of open meeting. SUMMARY: The Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence will hold a one- day meeting. The meeting will...

  18. 76 FR 78694 - Hearing of the Judicial Conference Committee on Evidence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-19

    ... UNITED STATES Hearing of the Judicial Conference Committee on Evidence AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States, Advisory Committee on Evidence. ACTION: Notice of Cancellation of Open Hearing. SUMMARY: The following public hearing on proposed amendments to the Federal Rules of Evidence has been...

  19. 77 FR 12077 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-28

    ... UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence. ACTION: Notice of open meeting. SUMMARY: The Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence will hold a one- day meeting. The meeting will...

  20. 75 FR 32816 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-09

    ... UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence. ACTION: Notice of open meeting. SUMMARY: The Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence will hold a one- day meeting. The meeting will...

  1. 75 FR 11560 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-11

    ... UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence. ACTION: Notice of open meeting. SUMMARY: The Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence will hold a two- day meeting. The meeting will...

  2. 76 FR 27090 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-10

    ... UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence. ACTION: Notice of open meeting. SUMMARY: The Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence will hold a two- day meeting. The meeting will...

  3. 77 FR 12078 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-28

    ... UNITED STATES Meeting of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence. ACTION: Notice of open meeting. SUMMARY: The Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence will hold a two- day meeting. The meeting will...

  4. 75 FR 65381 - Hearings of the Judicial Conference Committees on Bankruptcy, Criminal Rules

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-22

    ... UNITED STATES Hearings of the Judicial Conference Committees on Bankruptcy, Criminal Rules AGENCY: Advisory Committee on Bankruptcy Rules and Advisory Committee on Criminal Rules, Judicial Conference of the... on Bankruptcy Rules and the Advisory Committee on Criminal Rules have proposed amendments to...

  5. 75 FR 81644 - Hearing of The Judicial Conference Committee on Criminal Rules

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-28

    ... UNITED STATES Hearing of The Judicial Conference Committee on Criminal Rules AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Criminal Rules. ACTION: Notice of Cancellation of Open Hearing. SUMMARY: The following public hearing on proposed amendments to the Federal Rules of...

  6. 76 FR 78695 - Hearing of the Judicial Conference Committee on Criminal Rules

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-19

    ... UNITED STATES Hearing of the Judicial Conference Committee on Criminal Rules AGENCY: Judicial Conference of the United States, Advisory Committee on Criminal Rules. ACTION: Notice of Cancellation of Open Hearing. SUMMARY: The following public hearing on proposed amendments to the Federal Rules of...

  7. 78 FR 45564 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-29

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE...: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure. ACTION: Notice of Open Meeting. SUMMARY: The Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure will hold a...

  8. 77 FR 72884 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-06

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE...: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure. ACTION: Notice of open meeting. ] SUMMARY: The Advisory Committee on Rules of Bankruptcy Procedure will hold...

  9. 30 CFR 903.775 - Administrative and judicial review of decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative and judicial review of decisions. 903.775 Section 903.775 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... § 903.775 Administrative and judicial review of decisions. Part 775 of this chapter, Administrative...

  10. 30 CFR 942.775 - Administrative and judicial review of decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative and judicial review of decisions. 942.775 Section 942.775 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... § 942.775 Administrative and judicial review of decisions. Part 775 of this chapter, Administrative...

  11. 30 CFR 922.775 - Administrative and judicial review of decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative and judicial review of decisions. 922.775 Section 922.775 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... § 922.775 Administrative and judicial review of decisions. Part 775 of this chapter, Administrative...

  12. 30 CFR 910.775 - Administrative and judicial review of decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative and judicial review of decisions. 910.775 Section 910.775 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... § 910.775 Administrative and judicial review of decisions. Part 775 of this chapter, Administrative...

  13. 30 CFR 941.775 - Administrative and judicial review of decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative and judicial review of decisions. 941.775 Section 941.775 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... DAKOTA § 941.775 Administrative and judicial review of decisions. Part 775 of this...

  14. 30 CFR 939.775 - Administrative and judicial review of decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative and judicial review of decisions. 939.775 Section 939.775 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... ISLAND § 939.775 Administrative and judicial review of decisions. Part 775 of his chapter,...

  15. 30 CFR 905.775 - Administrative and judicial review of decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative and judicial review of decisions. 905.775 Section 905.775 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... § 905.775 Administrative and judicial review of decisions. Part 775 of this chapter, Administrative...

  16. 30 CFR 912.775 - Administrative and judicial review of decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative and judicial review of decisions. 912.775 Section 912.775 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... § 912.775 Administrative and judicial review of decisions. Part 775 of this chapter, Administrative...

  17. 30 CFR 947.775 - Administrative and judicial review of decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative and judicial review of decisions. 947.775 Section 947.775 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... § 947.775 Administrative and judicial review of decisions. Part 775 of this chapter, Administrative...

  18. 30 CFR 937.775 - Administrative and judicial review of decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative and judicial review of decisions. 937.775 Section 937.775 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... § 937.775 Administrative and judicial review of decisions. Part 775 of this chapter, Administrative...

  19. 30 CFR 921.775 - Administrative and judicial review of decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative and judicial review of decisions. 921.775 Section 921.775 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... MASSACHUSETTS § 921.775 Administrative and judicial review of decisions. Part 775 of this...

  20. 30 CFR 933.775 - Administrative and judicial review of decisions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Administrative and judicial review of decisions. 933.775 Section 933.775 Mineral Resources OFFICE OF SURFACE MINING RECLAMATION AND ENFORCEMENT... CAROLINA § 933.775 Administrative and judicial review of decisions. Part 775 of his chapter,...

  1. PROCEDURAL AND SUBSTANTIVE JUDICIAL REVIEW OF THE RIGHT TO HEALTH IN BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Perlingeiro

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This text seeks to identify the objective and subjective aspects of rights to an existential minimum in health care, based on international parameters which, because they are restricted to the internal scope of a nation, depend on a constitutional basis and on comprehensible facts, the demonstration of which should be the responsibility of the national administrative authority. Regarding the judicial review of the minimum right to healthcare, this paper points out that it is a serious mistake to try to handle public health conflicts according to the typical judicial principles governing conflicts under private law, because that distorts the public health system, with judicial orders that depart from the universal access to health care and that are often impossible to comply with. The article concludes that the judicial review of administrative authorities in matters involving the right to health necessarily requires simultaneous judicial review of the corresponding administrative procedures.

  2. PRINCIPIOS DE COMPETENCIA JUDICIAL INTERNACIONAL Y DE PROTECCIÓN DEL MEDIO AMBIENTE Principles of international jurisdiction and environmental protection

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pía Moscoso Restovic

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available ¿Como se resuelve el problema de la objetivación del vínculo de conexión cuando intervienen daños civiles y daños ambientales? Es decir, ¿podemos sostener que el fuero "lugar del hecho dañoso" puede determinarse con independencia de los sujetos que intervienen? ¿Es relevante el principio favor laesi en los casos de daño ambiental? Proponemos abordar estos problemas desde la relación que existe entre los principios de Competencia Judicial Civil Internacional y los principios de protección del medioambiente. Así, advertiremos que la mayor o menor extensión del fuero "lugar del hecho dañoso", adquiere connotaciones especiales si interpretamos armónicamente los principios de competencia judicial internacional y los principios de protección internacional del medio ambiente. En efecto, la política de protección ambiental, constituye un "valor superior del ordenamiento", y por tanto incide directamente en el juicio razonabilidad que el juez debe realizar sobre el vínculo de conexión. Si bien abordamos el problema desde la experiencia europea, las conclusiones tendrán validez universal.How to solve the problem of objectivity in the link between the court and the action, when engaging civil damages and environmental damages? In other words ¿ can we argue that the place of the harmful event can be determined independently of the persons involved? ¿Is favor Iaesi principle relevant in cases of environmental damage? We propose analyze those problems through the connections between International Civil Jurisdiction principles and environmental protection principles. In fact, environmental protection policy constitutes a "superior value". Therefore it affects directly the judge opinion about the connection link. Our approach is European, but the findings have universal validity.

  3. HISTORIOGRAPHY GENERAL, REGIONAL AND SPECIAL STUDIES OF JUDICIAL REFORM IN RUSSIA 1864

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergei Evgenievich Strakhov

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available In today's world, a crucial role is played by the judiciary. In the period lasting judicial reform, it is important to explore this institution not only at the present stage, but also to trace the history of its development, including - through analysis and synthesis of existing studies of the judiciary and judicial reforms.The purpose of this study - to explore the historiography of general, special and regional studies of judicial reform of1864 inRussia, to classify research on history and on the subject of the study.Scientific, theoretical and practical significance of the work lies in the fact that the study of this topic will summarize the significant weight of the studies of the judicial reform of 1864 and classified by facilitating orientation interested in individuals in the study subjects.The author uses historical, comparative, hermeneutical, mathematical methods, as well as general methods of scientific research.The author analyzes the historiography of general, special and regional studies of the judicial reform of1864 inRussia, introducing a classification of such studies in chronological order (pre-revolutionary, Soviet and modern stages and subject matter (common - affecting all aspects of judicial reform, special - dedicated to a particular aspect (legal agencies, prosecutors, legal, etc. and regional - dedicated to judicial reform, or some aspects of it in some regions of Russia.The results of this study are scientific and practical value, because they can be useful for teaching students - in industry disciplines "judiciary", "advocacy", "notary public", "public prosecutor's supervision" and general theoretical "History of State and Law," "History of the fatherland" ; in science - by picking up information about the historiography of the judicial reform, and in practice - said work can serve as a guide to research judicial reform, which may be useful to practitioners of judicial and investigative bodies, as well as - prosecutors

  4. Classification of judicial investigation situations and its importance for criminalistic tactics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Voronin S.E.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The problems of defining the criteria for determining judicial investigation situations are studied. Situations occurring during the prejudicial inquiry and legal proceedings have same epistemological nature, which allows to successfully apply the existing classification base to systematize and order the situations of judicial investigation. The author distinguishes the judicial problem-searching situations, occurring in the courts of original jurisdiction, of appellate jurisdiction, of review and of reviewing authority, differing in the character of problem raised and solved by the court. The typical situation in the courts of original jurisdiction is collecting evidence sufficient for making judicial decision. The typical situation in the courts of appellate jurisdiction, of review and of reviewing authority is validating decisions made by the court of original jurisdiction. The difference in the line of development of typical judicial investigation situations and search and cognitive activity’s character is shown. The author distinguishes typical problem-searching judicial situations, occurring in the court of original jurisdiction, connected with: 1 saving the evidence seized during prejudicial inquiry; 2 filling the gaps in prejudicial inquiry materials; 3 providing judicial assessment of evidence; 4 making judicial decision. The court of original jurisdiction adjudicates in a case, courts of appellate jurisdiction, of review and of reviewing authority review the judicial decision (their revision activity is provided with search and cognitive means to a lesser extent. The most widespread problem-searching judicial situations in the court of appellate jurisdiction are distinguished. The information uncertainty in mentioned situations cannot be overcome by cognitive means of such courts.

  5. Judiciarização do privado e violência contra a mulher "Judicialization" of the private and violence against women

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María del Carmen Cortizo

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho apresenta alguns dos paradoxos presentes na Lei Maria da Penha, tendo como referentes teóricos as recentes análises sobre os processos de jurisdiciarização da vida privada. A mencionada Lei trata sobre relações que por muito tempo foram consideradas fora do espaço regulatório do Estado e tem por objetivo principal erradicar e punir as formas de violência doméstica contra a mulher. Os paradoxos, aos que fazemos referência, apresentam-se tanto no grau de ampliação dos processos de criminalização, quanto na aplicação concreta por parte do sistema jurídico-judicial do Estado. Neste sentido, assinalamos os problemas de uma aplicação da lei que possa vir a reproduzir a cultura jurídica conservadora presente na sociedade e, portanto, nos operadores de direitos, caso não se compreenda a questão da violência contra a mulher e as suas formas de prevenção e punição como uma questão cultural complexa, que não se esgota na jurisdiciarização do espaço privado.This article presents some paradoxes present in the Maria da Penha Law, using as theoretical references the recent analyses about the processes of "judicialization" of private life. The law mentioned applies to relations that for many years were considered outside the regulatory space of the State. Its principal objective is to eradicate and punish domestic violence against women. The paradoxes to which we refer appear both in the degree of expansion of the processes of criminalization, as well as in the concrete application by the State's legal-judicial system. We indicate problems related to application of the law in a way that reproduces the conservative legal culture present in society and therefore, in the operators of rights. This is exacerbated if the question of violence against women, as well as forms for prevention and punishment, are not understood as a complex cultural issue that is not limited to the "judicialization" of private space.

  6. Todo sobre el neobarroco

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arturo Carrera

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Lo que hemos escuchado y atendido hasta aquí, hoy, ayer, sobre todo en la propuesta poética esbozada por Sergio Raimondi en su ensayo sobre Aldo Oliva, demuestra que las singularidades, su pasión, anulan subrepticiamente las nominaciones.Anoche en la televisión una orquesta sinfónica y un coro numeroso. Súbitamente, me hubiera gustado ser uno de esos intérpretes solitarios para sí, a pesar de la armonía, anónimos, a pesar del brillo sonoro… un violín, un triángulo… apenas… tres grillos… como ...

  7. Inferencias sobre Grafos

    OpenAIRE

    Sira M. Allende; Carlos N. Bouza

    2002-01-01

    El estudio de un juego puede ser modelado asumiendo que solo algunas partidas son observadas. Entonces el árbol del juego debe ser estimado utilizando información muestral. Similarmente ocurre al obtener información sobre el comportamiento de las decisiones tomadas por individuos muestreados sobre un árbol de decisión teórico. Al considerar una medida de probabilidad que caracterice el comportamiento de redes aleatorias se puede obtener un estimado del árbol asociado. Este problema es el anal...

  8. Mitos sobre agroecologia.

    OpenAIRE

    Canuto, João Carlos

    2011-01-01

    O presente ensaio vem a discutir alguns aspectos do discurso sobre a Agroecologia, procurando evidenciar contradições do senso comum, advindas seja de parte da comunidade leiga, dos meios de comunicação ou da comunidade científica. Coloca em debate alguns mitos sobre os sistemas agroecológicos, tais como: que sejam tecnologicamente retrógrados, de baixa produtividade, exigentes em mão-de-obra, economicamente inviáveis e “puramente ideológicos”.

  9. 78 FR 49768 - Hearings of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committees on Rules of Bankruptcy and Civil Procedure

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-15

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office JUDICIAL CONFERENCE OF THE UNITED STATES Hearings of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committees on Rules of Bankruptcy and Civil Procedure AGENCY: Advisory Committees on Rules of Bankruptcy and Civil Procedure, Judicial Conference of...

  10. Treatnebt if Addiction - Clinical and Judicial Perspectives: Two Case Reports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofia Fonseca

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The sporadic or chronic use of drugs and alcohol is directly related to conduct disorders and to the triggering of psychopathological states of sub-acute or chronic course. The excessive consumption of alcohol and excessive traffic/consumption of illicit drugs by individuals without mental illness or disability are actions of free will; they are therefore criminally responsible for their behaviour, even if they commit a crime during the state of intoxication, which the individual chose voluntarily to experience. In clinical practice, it is widely accepted that the treatment of these disorders is only effective when the patient accepts it voluntarily and that involuntary commitment (compulsive treatment is only carried out when the psychopathological state associated justifies the presuppositions of Article 12 of the Mental Health Law. However, if the compulsive treatment is of a penal character, mandated by a judge, the individual is obligated to accept treatment, independent of whether or not he suffers from mental illness. The authors present two case studies, one of drug addiction, the other of alcoholism, and discuss the clinical and judicial perspectives on the treatment of these clinical entities.

  11. Independent administrative authorities and the standard of judicial review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saskia Lavrijssen

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Recent developments in European competition and electronic communications law have led to an increased focus on, and importance of, independent administrative authorities. The competences available to these authorities are often wide-ranging, at times encompassing elements of all three of Montesquieu’s powers. These competences typically embody a considerable degree of discretion to allow the balancing of the – opposing – interests of various groups of stakeholders, such as consumers, competitors and manufacturers. This raises the question how the independence of administrative authorities can be counterbalanced by a certain degree of accountability for their actions. The aim of the present article is to review how three Member States – the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and France – have shaped the judicial accountability of the independent administrative authorities. On the basis of an analysis of some important cases the article attempts to assess whether there are commonalities between the ways the national courts in these Member States review the exercise of discretionary powers by independent administrative authorities. The article will also ascertain the influence of EC law and the European Convention on Human Rights, notably Articles 6 and 13 thereof, on the standard of review applied in the Member States.

  12. Vivir en la calle. El derecho a la vivienda en la jurisprudencia del TSJC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gargarella, Roberto

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available En el artículo se analizan críticamente dos recientes decisiones del Tribunal Superior de Justicia de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires referidos a la política pública seguida por el Poder Ejecutivo local, en relación con el marco habitacional de las personas que viven en “situación de calle”. A través del examen de estas decisiones particulares, los autores reflexionan sobre algunas cuestiones más generales de teoría constitucional, relacionadas con el control judicial en el área de los derechos sociales; el lugar normativo de los pactos internacionales de derechos humanos; y las tensiones entre activismo judicial y democracia.

  13. Ausencia de mujeres negras en los estudios sobre discapacidades humanas

    OpenAIRE

    Mena Ortiz, Luz Zaret

    2012-01-01

    Una investigación intencionalmente organizada para dar cuenta de la realidad vivida por las mujeres negras en situación de discapacidad pasa por rescatar el pensamiento y el activismo de las mujeres en el movimiento afro en la medida en que dicho movimiento, tan diverso en su accionar como en sus registros y alcances históricos, ha sido elaborado al vaivén de los debates locales, nacionales e internacionales centrados en la cuestión étnico-racial negra, afrodescendiente, palenquera y raizal. ...

  14. Litigio judicial y el derecho a la salud en Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verónica Gotlieb

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen El propósito de este trabajo es explorar el perfil del litigio por el acceso a la atención de la salud, tramitado ante la Corte Suprema de Justicia Argentina, y reflexionar sobre su potencial para influir sobre la equidad y el derecho a la salud, en el marco de un proceso de crecimiento de la judicialización. Se llevó a cabo un análisis documental de 125 litigios con sentencias dictadas entre 1994 y 2013. Se observó una preeminencia de la reclamación individual (88% reclamantes personas físicas individuales, y de reclamantes afiliados a la seguridad social o a seguros privados (64%, con un esquema típico del derecho privado (87% reclama cobertura de un servicio médico. El 75% de los fallos ordenaron brindar los servicios de salud reclamados, sin visibilizar los fallos del sistema de salud, ni ordenar acciones para promover la equidad y garantizar el derecho a la salud, que alcancen a otras personas sometidas a la misma situación que el reclamante. La judicialización, hasta el momento, no está promoviendo activamente la equidad, el derecho a la salud y el diálogo interinstitucional.

  15. Judicial Districts, Oregon District 2, Published in 2015, Not Applicable scale, Cherocreek Nation.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Judicial Districts dataset, published at Not Applicable scale, was produced all or in part from Field Survey/GPS information as of 2015. It is described as...

  16. Judicial processes and legal authority in pre-colonial Bali

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helen Creese

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Law codes with their origins in Indic-influenced Old Javanese systems of knowledge comprise an important genre in the Balinese textual record. Written in Kawi – a term encompassing Old Javanese, Middle Javanese and High Balinese – the legal corpus forms a complex and overlapping web of indigenous legal texts and traditions that encompass the codification and administration of civil and criminal justice as well as concepts of morality and right conduct. The most significant codes include the Adhigama, Ku??ram?nawa, P?rw?dhigama, S?rasamuccaya, Swarajambu, Dew?gama (also called Kr?topapati and Dewadanda. Each of these law codes belongs to a shared tradition of legal thought and practice that is linked to Sanskrit M?navadharma??stra traditions. Manu’s code, most notably the a??ada?awyawah?ra section detailing the eighteen grounds for litigation, was adopted as the model of legal textual principle in the early stages of contact between ancient India and the Indonesian archipelago. Over the course of many centuries, this model informed legal and juridical practice and was adapted and modified to suit indigenous needs. The law codes remained in use in Java until the advent of Islam towards the end of the fifteenth century, and in Bali until the colonial period in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. The Balinese legal textual corpus comprises dozens of interrelated manuscripts, some complete and some fragmentary. They provide significant insights in to pre-colonial judicial practices and forms of government. This article provides a survey of the corpus of legal texts and explores the nature of law in pre-colonial Bali.

  17. Public scientific expertise and judicial risks: the case of radon

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In France, radon has emerged as a public health issue mainly at the initiative of scientists. Even if public authorities have set up an embryo of regulations, for a long time scientists faced the radon issue alone, in producing knowledge, informing about their results, providing advice to public authorities, various bodies and individuals, and in participating in the process of technical standardisation. These functions are identified in the paper in order to sketch out a typology of different situations, formal and informal, in which researchers transformed into experts are called to collaborate. During their missions, experts are exposed to 'judicial risks', particularly in terms of civil liability or 'professional' responsibility and even criminal responsibility. They face legal difficulties because of the lack of a legal framework for public scientific expertise. The situation is confused: there is a growing will to involve scientific experts in decision-making in the field of public health, especially when the precautionary principle is at stake, and in parallel, no real materialisation of this expertise in terms of regulations, which puts on experts' shoulders some new responsibilities. Moreover we can observe a generalised increase in the attribution of blame and penal responsibility in French society which make the position of all actors involved more uncomfortable. We know that radon, as a domestic risk, is particular in many ways. Nevertheless, it can be used in an analysis of scientists' roles/actions and of the legal difficulties they face, to illustrate appropriately the problems that arise as expertise is developed about new risks. (author)

  18. Los procesos ante los juzgados de violencia sobre la mujer

    OpenAIRE

    Laguna Pontanilla, Gonzalo

    2015-01-01

    La entrada en vigor de la "Ley Organica 1/2004, de 28 de diciembre, de Medidas de Protección integral contra la Violencia de Género, generó desde su origen graves críticas, a nivel ideológico, dogmático y doctrinal, y una compleja y heterogénea problemática en la práctica judicial que cristalizó en diversas cuestiones interpretativas que plantea la aplicación práctica de la Ley Integral a diario en los proxcesos seguidos ante los juzgados de Violencia sobre la Mujer. La tesis aborda la neces...

  19. The Workers’ Party and the political use of judiciary El Partido de los Trabajadores y el uso político del poder judicial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthew M. TAYLOR

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper draws on the experience of the Brazilian Workers’ Party (PT, during periods of opposition and incumbency, to develop a theoretical approach to the use of Courts by political actors. I argue that the use of Courts by political parties is an outcome of their relations with executive incumbents, the institutional architecture of the judiciary, and a strategic evaluation of the different judicial mechanisms that are available to them.Este artículo examina la experiencia del Partido de los Trabajadores (PT, tanto durante periodos en que actuaba como fuerza política opositora como cuando ejercía el poder, para desarrollar un enfoque teórico sobre el uso que los actores políticos hacen de las Cortes. Sostengo que la manera en que los partidos usan las Cortes es el resultado de sus relaciones con el poder ejecutivo, con la arquitectura institucional del poder judicial y con la evaluación estratégica de los diferentes mecanismos judiciales que le sean disponibles.

  20. PROCEDURAL INDEPENDENCE OF THE INVESTIGATOR AND JUDICIAL REVIEW OF PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION

    OpenAIRE

    Betsukhov A. Z.

    2014-01-01

    Judicial review is a necessary and sufficient guarantee of the rights and legitimate interests of participants in criminal proceedings. The only judicial control over the investigation of crimes will expand unreasonably narrowed the boundaries of procedural autonomy and independence of the investigator, will enhance the efficiency, agility pre-trial proceedings. These and other problems were considered by the author from the perspective of theory and practice, as well as in the aggregate of r...

  1. The Evaluation of the Practical Implementation of Social Justice by the Judicial System of State

    OpenAIRE

    Marţian Iovan

    2015-01-01

    Based on a sociological research, the author of this article aims to identify the beliefs and the attitudes of a group of BA and MA students enrolled in university programs of Juridical Science, regarding their apprehension of the principles of justice - as the central value of the Romanian judicial system. This would contribute to the implementation of justice in the actual Romanian economic, political, and judicial structure. The data analysis provides the necessary information for comprehe...

  2. Juizados Especiais e Ativismo Judicial à Luz de Luis Alberto Warat

    OpenAIRE

    Zenildo Bodnar; Márcio Ricardo Staffen

    2012-01-01

    This article addresses, in a punctual way, some reflections on the judicial activism in the Special Courts camp. It seeks to evaluate the existence of a place for the conciliator in the stir that permeates the procedural and substantial models of legal proceedings. For this, as theoretical references, the postulates of Luis Alberto Warat are used, in order to overcome such dyad in favor of an effective judicial protection, without following the ways of the Free Movement of Law and Instrumenta...

  3. Las reformas al consejo de la magistratura: oportunidades perdidas para un Poder Judicial democrático y popular

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Méndez Montenegro, Patricio

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El ensayo hace un análisis de las diferentes reformas al Consejo de la Magistratura, sobre todo en su composición, atribuciones y métodos de elección de consejeros. Se enfoca en la última reforma y el fallo de la Corte Suprema que la invalidó, declarándola inconstitucional. De la mano del estudio de las leyes y dicho fallo, se analiza la reforma desde la teoría interpretativa procedimentalista y se concluye que se han perdido varias oportunidades de crear un órgano de selección, remoción de jueces y de administración del presupuesto del Poder Judicial que promueva la diversidad ideológica dentro de ese poder, fomente la participación y control ciudadano en dicho órgano y transparente la elección de los jueces. Finalmente se proponen algunas reformas en ese sentido, que sí respetan los principios rectores de la institución.

  4. Inferencias sobre Grafos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sira M. Allende

    2002-05-01

    Full Text Available El estudio de un juego puede ser modelado asumiendo que solo algunas partidas son observadas. Entonces el árbol del juego debe ser estimado utilizando información muestral. Similarmente ocurre al obtener información sobre el comportamiento de las decisiones tomadas por individuos muestreados sobre un árbol de decisión teórico. Al considerar una medida de probabilidad que caracterice el comportamiento de redes aleatorias se puede obtener un estimado del árbol asociado. Este problema es el analizado en este trabajo. Algunos resultados experimentales obtenidos usando Recocido Simulado ilustran el procedimiento. Su papel en el estudio de modelos económicos y de mercadeo es discutido.

  5. Estudios sobre Borges

    OpenAIRE

    Facultad de Humanidades y Ciencias de la Educación

    1991-01-01

    Contenidos de la obra: De Barthes a Pierre Menard | José Luis De Diego Pierre Menard, autor del Quijote: De la poligrafía al fraude | Andrea Cucatto Homenaje a Roberto Arlt: La otra cara de la moneda | Fabio Espósito Emma a través del espejo: Una lectura de Emma Zunz | Graciela Beatriz Goldchluk Sobre el concepto de verdad en Borges | Sergio Pastormerlo

  6. Conversaciones con profesionales sobre la violencia de género en España

    OpenAIRE

    Abascal Monedero, Pablo José; Nieto Morales, Concepción

    2012-01-01

    En los últimos tiempos se ha tomado conciencia social sobre el grave problema que supone la violencia de género, pasando de ser un problema privado a convertirse en un problema público. Han surgido especialidades profesionales que trabajan para superar este problema desde el ámbito educativo y académico, policial, judicial, social, psicológico, etc. Conocer la opinión de los distintos profesionales que intervienen en estos temas es básica para acometer nuevas reformas que conduzcan a eliminar...

  7. Informe APEI sobre movilidad

    OpenAIRE

    Arroyo Vázquez, Natalia

    2011-01-01

    Este informe incluye una amplia aproximación al concepto de movilidad, desde un punto de vista introductorio, que nunca antes en nuestro ámbito había abarcado todos los aspectos que tienen que ver con él, desde cuestiones técnicas como los dispositivos móviles, sistemas operativos y navegadores, conectividad y estándares —cuya intención es poder comprender todos aquellos aspectos relacionados con la movilidad y que tienen una incidencia directa sobre los contenidos— hasta otras más relacionad...

  8. Apuntes sobre liderazgo

    OpenAIRE

    Contreras, Manuel E.

    2010-01-01

    Este trabajo presenta una breve síntesis de las principales teorías de liderazgo y se centra sobre el enfoque de liderazgo adaptativo de Ronald Heifetz. El documento originalmente fue desarrollado para las sesiones de educación a distancia de INDES. Ha sido revisado para usar en otros ámbitos de capacitación y ha sido utilizado en sesiones presenciales llevadas a cabo por INDES, como por otras entidades en universidades y centros de capacitación de America Latina.

  9. Puente sobre el Rin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gortz, Wilhelm

    1961-12-01

    Full Text Available Del total de 35 proyectos presentados al concurso del puente para carretera sobre el Rin, entre Duisburg-Ruhrort y Homberg, sólo dos proposiciones de la Demag fueron consideradas: Una con tablero suspendido por vientos que parten de dos torres, y otra, con suspensión por cables flexibles que se apoyan en dos torres y anclaje en la misma estructura. Por razones netamente estéticas fue elegida la propuesta Demag de puente suspendido por cables, aunque la solución con vientos hubiera sido la más económica, teniendo en cuenta las condiciones existentes.

  10. Sexual Diversity in the Judiciary in England and Wales; Research on Barriers to Judicial Careers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leslie J. Moran

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Debates about the diversity of the judiciary in the UK have been dominated by gender, race and ethnicity. Sexuality is notable by its absence and is perceived to pose particular challenges. It is usually missing from the list of diversity categories. When present, its appearance is nominal. One effect of this has been a total lack of official data on the sexual composition of the judiciary. Another is the gap in research on the barriers to the goal of a more sexually diverse judiciary. In 2008 the Judicial Appointment Commission (JAC for England and Wales undertook research to better understand the challenges limiting progress towards judicial diversity. A central gaol of the project was to investigate barriers to application for judicial appointment across different groups defined by “sex, ethnicity and employment status”. Sexual orientation was again noticeable by its absence. Its absence was yet another missed opportunity to recognise and take seriously this strand of diversity. This study is based on a response to that absence. A stakeholder organisation, InterLaw Diversity Forum for lesbian gay bisexual and transgender networks in the legal services sector, with the JAC’s approval, used their questionnaire and for the first time asked lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender lawyers about the perceptions and experiences of barriers to judicial appointment. This paper examines the findings of that unique research and considers them in the light of the initial research on barriers to judicial appointment and subsequent developments.

  11. [The thesis of judicialization of health care by the elites: medication for mucopolysaccharidosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medeiros, Marcelo; Diniz, Debora; Schwartz, Ida Vanessa Doederlein

    2013-04-01

    This paper evaluates the hypothesis that the judicialization of medicine for mucopolysaccharidosis in Brazil is an action promoted by economic elites. Previous studies upholding the thesis of judicialization by elites in the case of other types of medication that are more costly for the Unified Health Service are discussed. An analysis of all 196 processes containing information about judicial processes brought to court between February 2006 and December 2010 that ended by determining that the State should provide such medication free of charge to patients was conducted. There is evidence that attorneys' fees were covered by entities interested in the results of judicialization, such as the distributors or pharmaceutical industries. Patients may also be migrating for diagnosis and treatment to university centers that are a benchmark for medical innovation in the country, as the option for public health services is related to their higher technical and scientific capacity. Therefore, the resort to private lawyers, indicators of social exclusion based on the address of patients and the use of public health services, are not adequate class information to corroborate or refute the thesis of judicialization by the elites.

  12. Democracia e controle jurídico da constitucionalidade Democracy and judicial review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samuel Freeman

    1994-04-01

    Full Text Available O artigo enfrenta a objeção à "revisão judicial" (isto é a autoridade judicial para julgar a constitucionalidade dos atos dos poderes da República que a considera uma instituição antidemocrática. A revisão judicial pode ser democraticamente justificada. Para isso teremos que pensá-la como um compromisso coletivo prévio assumido pelos cidadãos na situação de escolha constitucional, no sentido de que não exercerão seus direitos políticos iguais de formas que coloquem em risco sua própria condição de portadores dos direitos da cidadania igual.Objections to the institution of judicial review as being incompatible with democracy are examined and refuted. Judicial review can be democratically justified, it is argued. This is possible if we conceive it as a previous collective compromise assumed by the citizens in the constitutional choice situation, to the effect that they would not exercise their equal political rights in ways that could put in danger their own condition of bearers of equal citizenship rights.

  13. [The thesis of judicialization of health care by the elites: medication for mucopolysaccharidosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medeiros, Marcelo; Diniz, Debora; Schwartz, Ida Vanessa Doederlein

    2013-04-01

    This paper evaluates the hypothesis that the judicialization of medicine for mucopolysaccharidosis in Brazil is an action promoted by economic elites. Previous studies upholding the thesis of judicialization by elites in the case of other types of medication that are more costly for the Unified Health Service are discussed. An analysis of all 196 processes containing information about judicial processes brought to court between February 2006 and December 2010 that ended by determining that the State should provide such medication free of charge to patients was conducted. There is evidence that attorneys' fees were covered by entities interested in the results of judicialization, such as the distributors or pharmaceutical industries. Patients may also be migrating for diagnosis and treatment to university centers that are a benchmark for medical innovation in the country, as the option for public health services is related to their higher technical and scientific capacity. Therefore, the resort to private lawyers, indicators of social exclusion based on the address of patients and the use of public health services, are not adequate class information to corroborate or refute the thesis of judicialization by the elites. PMID:23670386

  14. Sobre la tragedia griega

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Vélez Upegui

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Luego de caracterizar la tragedia griega clásica como expresión de un arte ciudadano que participa por igual de un carácter festivo, cierto régimen discursivo y una clara inscripción físico-espacial, el texto se demora en considerar tres aspectos fundamentales de esta forma dramática inventada por los griegos, a saber: una exposición sobre las fuentes orales míticas de las que los autores echan mano para componer la historia de cada una de las piezas que son llevadas a escena al amparo de un espíritu agonal; una explicación del funcionamiento formal de la tragedia, basado en la alternancia de partes cantadas (coro y partes recitadas (héroe; y, finalmente, una acotación sobre el sentido –interno y externo– que la acción dramática posee, en tanto elemento articulador de la trama.

  15. Sobre historia mundial hoy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vera Weiler

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Los procesos de globalización son una realidad; su enorme impacto sobre la vida humana los ha convertido en un tema recurrente sobre el que se escribe y se comenta a diario también en Colombia. Los libros que de ellos tratan, ante todo los que 10 hacen en tono crítico, baten records en la industria editorial en todo el mundo. Las expectativas que acerca del futuro abrigan cientos de millones de personas se relacionan con 10 que ellas esperan, para bien o para mal, de la globalización. Las posturas que los gobernantes ocupan al respecto en el mundo son, cuando menos de aceptación, generalmente de activa participación en pos de la globalización. Por un lado, crece la preocupación y se multiplican las protestas; por el otro, dominan los razonamientos de los especialistas en materia de maximización de los rendimientos de los capitales que presentan la globalización, al estilo que se viene imponiendo, como el camino ineludible del gobierno universal de la eficiencia. ¿Tienen que decir algo los historiadores frente a todo esto?.

  16. Bromadiolona: un caso judicial relacionado con la muerte de abejas Bromadiolone: a judicial case related to bees death

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Pablo Salinas

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Como resultado de una investigación impulsada por la justicia, se analizaron muestras provenientes de un posible derrame intencional de plaguicidas sobre colmenas con abejas. En los análisis realizados se utilizó GC-MS previa extracción con solventes orgánicos. Debido a dificultades iniciales en la identificación de plaguicidas sobre tres de las muestras, se procedió al reprocesamiento de los cromatogramas utilizando selección de las relaciones de masas m/z 158, 173 y 143. Utilizando es herramienta analítica se obtuvieron los correspondientes cromatogramas, y los espectros de masas con coincidencia frente al divulgado para el producto de descomposición de bromadiolona (PDB, determinando que tanto las abejas como las colmenas habían tenido contacto con bromadiolona (3-[3-(4'-bromobifenil-4-il- 3-hidroxi-1-fenilpropil]-4- hidroxicumarina, un anticoagulante cumarínico de utilización agraria para combatir roedores, que parece ser prácticamente no tóxico para las abejas según informes internacionales. Se observó que en la literatura no se halla propuesta una estructura química definida para el PDB, lo cual podría constituir el fundamento para encarar trabajos futuros con el fin de elucidar el comportamiento de la droga madre en el contexto del caso.As a result of an investigation boosted by ordinary justice, samples from a probable deliberate spill of pesticide over bees and hives were analyzed. Solvent extractions and then GC-MS were used to perform the tests. Due to difficulties since the beginning in pesticide identification upon three samples, chromatograms were reprocessed using mass selection at m/z 158, 173 y 143 mass rates. The correspondent chromatograms were gathered by these analytical tool, and their mass spectrums were found coincident with the previously reported as bromadiolone decomposition product (BDP, showing that hives as well as bees had been in contact with bromadiolone (3-[3-(4'-bromobiphenyl-4-yl- 3-hydroxy

  17. DELITOS SEXUALES Y PRÁCTICA JUDICIAL EN COLOMBIA: 1870-1900. LOS CASOS DE BOLÍVAR, ANTIOQUIA Y SANTANDER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Wilson Márquez Estrada

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza el fenómeno de las conductas agresivas contra la libertad sexual de la mujer a finales del siglo XIX en Colombia, tipificadas como delitos sexuales, y la forma en que se desarrollaban los procesos judiciales con relación a este tipo de criminalidad. Primero se hace un análisis del concepto de delito sexual y de sus diferentes manifestaciones en la sociedad de finales del siglo XIX colombiano, soportado en el estudio de las tipificaciones de dichos delitos en los códigos penales de la época. Luego se hace un estudio de las características de la práctica judicial y del proceso penal en este tipo de delitos, sobre todo de su relación con la mentalidad religiosa y moral de la época. Después se presentan diferentes casos de agresiones sexuales a finales del siglo XIX, específicamente en Antioquia y Santander. Finalmente se hace una presentación de los informes de las autoridades del Estado Soberano de Bolívar sobre la comisión de delitos sexuales en su territorio.

  18. Justice, Professionalism and Politics in the Exercise of Judicial Review by Brazil’s Supreme Court

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabiana Luci Oliveira

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This study analyses interactions between Law, professionalism and politics. The primary intent is to understand the judicial behaviour of Brazil’s Supreme Court in the development and consolidation of democracy, by analysing how its justices voted in decisions regarding the constitutionality of laws (judicial review in the 1988-2003 period and investigating factors that influenced the Court’s decisions. These decisions are analysed both quantitatively and qualitatively in search of: a voting differences corresponding to the career of each member of the Court; b justices’ attitudes as either Constitution interpreters or reproducers of legal texts; and c the rapporteur’s profile, as well as the profiles of the justices that voted with him/her. I conclude that although political factors do shape the decision-making process of Brazil’s Supreme Court to some extent, professionalism plays a central role in determining its judicial behaviour.

  19. Chastity and Sexual Honesty of Young Women from the Judicial Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Fondevila

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available In this article it is analyzed the way in which the judicial scope has outlined the acceptable sexual behavior of young women in the Mexican society. Since the beginning of the 20th century up to now, the constitutive elements of sexual crimes have served to construct a socially acceptable (moral ideal of sexuality for young people. In this sense, social judgments as much as, judicial decisions agree in defining this ideal under the form of chastity, sexual honesty and purity.

  20. An Overview Study of Performance Evaluation of Intellectual Property Administrative and Judicial Protection in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xu Xingxiang; Luo Juan

    2015-01-01

    Whether IP Administrative and judicial Protection in China is good or bad depends on the evaluation of protection effects of administrative and judicial organs. In China the evaluation system of IP protection performance consists of evaluation principles, evaluation elements and evaluation methods, evaluation principles includes the principle of designing two sets of indicators, the principle of closely linking with China' s national intellectual property strategy, the principle of openness and flexibility of performance evaluation indicators,the principle of standardability of the determination of performance evaluation indicators; evaluation elements consist of evaluator, evaluation tools and objects evaluated; evaluation methods here refers to the Delphi method and the method of network questionary survey.

  1. PROCEDURAL INDEPENDENCE OF THE INVESTIGATOR AND JUDICIAL REVIEW OF PRELIMINARY INVESTIGATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Betsukhov A. Z.

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Judicial review is a necessary and sufficient guarantee of the rights and legitimate interests of participants in criminal proceedings. The only judicial control over the investigation of crimes will expand unreasonably narrowed the boundaries of procedural autonomy and independence of the investigator, will enhance the efficiency, agility pre-trial proceedings. These and other problems were considered by the author from the perspective of theory and practice, as well as in the aggregate of rules of the code of criminal procedure regulating the activities of the investigator

  2. In the CJEU judges trust: A new approach in the judicial construction of Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mayoral, Juan A.

    2016-01-01

    This articles aims to highlight the relevance of judicial trust in international courts, focusing on national judges’ trust in the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU). EU Scholars have put a great deal of effort into explaining how legal and political factors affect the use of preliminary...... judicial system. A theory is offered in the article, which links national judges’ trust in the CJEU to their corporatist identification, their profile as EU law judge, their attitudes to the European Union and to their beliefs about the CJEU’s ability to provide decisions that: 1) offer a clear guidance...

  3. Judicial review of arbitral awards in China: the need for reform

    OpenAIRE

    Fei, Lanfang.; 费兰芳.

    2012-01-01

    The subject of this thesis is the judicial review of arbitral awards in China. Chinese arbitration law provides a distinct set of rules for reviewing international and domestic awards, which is usually referred to as the dual-track system (“Shuang Gui Zhi”). First, the judicial review standard is dual-track because international awards are subject to procedural and limited review, whereas domestic awards are subject to substantial review. Second, the review procedure is also dual-track be...

  4. ADMINISTRATIVE AND JUDICIAL REFORMS IN DAGESTAN IN THE ХIХ CENTURY

    OpenAIRE

    Asma Gadjievna MUSAEVA

    2015-01-01

    The article highlights the studies of the administrative-judicial reforms in Dagestan in the second half of the 19th century. These issues have always been in the centre of scientists’ attention. The studies imply a complex of issues related to the state and political structures on the territory of Dagestan in the first half of the 19th century, the legal system of Dagestan during the whole 19th century, and the administrative-judicial reforms in the second half of the 19th century. Having cu...

  5. ATIVISMO JUDICIAL, EFETIVIDADE DOS DIREITOS SOCIAIS E DESENVOLVIMENTO DA DEMOCRACIA NO BRASIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sérgio Cabral dos Reis

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available RESUMOTrata-se de artigo que pretende enfatizar as balizas do paradigma do Estado Democrático de Direito, principalmente quanto ao vínculo entre o princípio da solidariedade, a eficácia dos direitos sociais e o desenvolvimento da democracia no Brasil, país que, sabidamente, apesar de figurar entre as grandes economias do mundo, padece de forte quadro de exclusão social. Em decorrência desse fato, bem como do déficit de representatividade popular e descompromisso constitucional por parte dos Poderes Legislativo e Executivo, evidencia-se a atuação do Judiciário quanto à realização de políticas públicas que, na prática, concretizem os direitos humanos previstos na Constituição e nos Tratados Internacionais, rompendo, desse modo, com as discussões abstratas inerentes ao positivismo jurídico.Palavras- chave: Ativismo judicial; Direito sociais; Democracia. JUDICIAL ACTIVISM, EFFECTIVENESS OF SOCIAL RIGHT AND DEVELOPMENT OF DEMOCRACY IN BRAZIL ABSTRACTThe present article intends to emphasize the paradigmatic framewoks of the Democratic State of Law, especially regarding the relations between the Solidarity Principle, social rights effectiveness and democracy development in Brazil, a country which, despite its economical world status, suffers from dramatic social exclusion. Consequently, as well as because of lacking popular representativeness and Constitutional commitment from the Legislative and the Executive Powers, the Judicial Power’s performance draws attention to its public policies realization, which lead to Constitutional and International Treaty based human rights concretization and, therefore, disrupts juridic positivism inherent abstract discussions.Keywords: Judicial activism; Social law; Democracy. SUMÁRIO1. Introdução; 2. Do Estado Liberal ao Estado Democrático de Direito; 3. O princípio da solidariedade, a eficácia dos direitos sociais e a questão da legitimidade do Estado Democrático de Direito; 4. Crise

  6. Voz sobre frame relay

    OpenAIRE

    D´Elia, Gabriel Anibal

    2000-01-01

    Esta tesis trata el tema de VOFR, desde la digitalización de la voz hasta su transmisión a través de dicha red, así también como la comparación con otros medios de transporte como VOIP. Dada las características del protocolo frame relay y su disponibilidad se eligió como el medio más apropiado para la transmisión de voz y datos en forma integrada sobre una misma red. El trabajo comienza con una breve explicación de la voz, su digitalización y forma actual de transmisión a través de una red di...

  7. Excertos sobre o sedentarismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Palma

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available O sedentarismo tem sido tratado como algo perfeitamente determinável, objetivo e, portanto, que pode ser apreendido. Por outro lado, o conceito de sedentarismo ainda permanece questionável e, por conseguinte, os instrumentos mostram-se inconsistentes. Neste sentido, o objetivo do presente estudo foi mostrar que diferentes discursos de verdade vêm concorrendo por esse conceito, o que nos motiva a pensar qual é a verdade ou, até mesmo, se há alguma verdade sobre ele. Após apresentarmos diferentes possibilidades de compreender o sedentarismo, através do uso de aforismos, entendemos que postular um discurso como verdade talvez apenas signifique que as pessoas nele creem e que há uma vontade de verdade como uma vontade voltada para o poder.

  8. Abrigo, pobreza e negligência: percursos de judicialização Shelter, poverty and negligence: ways of judicialization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Livia do Nascimento

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available O trabalho discute a negligência como uma categorização que passa a justificar a intervenção estatal sobre famílias pobres, no que se refere à prática de abrigamento de crianças e adolescentes e como essa prática se instala na lógica de judicialização da vida. Com a emergência do Estatuto da Criança e do Adolescente (ECA, fica interditado abrigar por pobreza. Dessa maneira, a falta de recursos materiais perde força como justificativa, e se implanta um novo estatuto de criminalização da pobreza e de judicialização da vida, que se apoia no desrespeito a direitos estabelecidos na legislação: família negligente. Com esse referencial, a negligência passa a ser produzida como um dispositivo de afirmação da sociedade de segurança, tendo como parâmetro a lógica biopolítica de governo da vida.This work discusses the concept of negligence as a categorisation that justifies the intervention of the State in poor families, through the practice of sheltering children and adolescents. With the emergency of the Child and Adolescent Statute it becomes interdicted to shelter on behalf of poverty. For such, the lack of material resources becomes a weak justification and a new statute of criminalisation of poorness and judicialization of life is implanted, based on the disrespect of the rights established in the legislation: neglectful family. From this reference negligence comes to be produced as a device of affirmation of the society of security, having as parameter the biopolitical logic of the government of life.

  9. The Effectiveness of Discipline/Judicial Processes on Catholic Campuses as Measured by the Rate of Recidivism

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Reilly, Frances L.; Evans, Roberta D.

    2007-01-01

    University and college campuses in the United States utilize disciplinary/judicial processes to help address student behavioral problems. These include administrative, majority-peer, and minority-peer processes. This descriptive research was undertaken to find which of these three discipline/judicial processes were the most effective. The…

  10. 41 CFR 102-74.345 - Does the smoking policy in this part apply to the judicial branch?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Does the smoking policy... REGULATION REAL PROPERTY 74-FACILITY MANAGEMENT Facility Management Smoking § 102-74.345 Does the smoking policy in this part apply to the judicial branch? This smoking policy applies to the judicial branch...

  11. 司法话语权的机理解析%The Mechanism Resolving of Judicial Discourse Qualification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱前星

    2014-01-01

    So-called Judicial discourse qualification,the judicial discourse qualification is subject to court of expression in the judicial process,judicial voice is subject to court,judgment of the case to express their interests enjoyed by the judicial process,and the requirements of the discourse. In this article, to define“justice”by trial argument and define“judicial authority”by argument of the Court, define“jurisdiction”by judicial authority argument. Judicial power main body can be divided into:creative subject,general exercise subject and special subject.%所谓司法话语权,就是司法话语权主体所拥有对法院司法审判过程的言说行为权,也就是司法话语权主体对法院审理、判决案件的司法过程所享有的表达其利益、主张与要求的话语资格。本文对“司法”界定采审判说,对“司法机关”界定采法院说,对“司法权”的界定采审判权说。司法话语权主体可以分为:本源性主体、一般行使性主体和特殊行使性主体。

  12. 44 CFR 5.59 - Judicial relief available to the public.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Judicial relief available to the public. 5.59 Section 5.59 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT AGENCY... the requester may file a complaint in a district court of the United States in the district in...

  13. La decisión judicial en el proceso laboral: Génesis, particularidades y mitos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Meliante Garcé

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo fue presentado originalmente, -salvo escasas modificaciones en su contenido y correcciones de sintaxis.- como una ponencia en las "Jornadas de Derecho Laboral y Filosofía del Derecho", celebradas en la Regional Norte, Salto. en el mes de h1ayo del año 2003. A mijuicio, la vigencia y el interés del tema propuesto por los organizadores del evento, así como la circunstancia de encontrarme convencido de que la pertinencia de la opinión vertida constituye un punto de partida válido para una posible reflexión de mayor altura, justificarían aquí, su divulgación.Contenido: Introducción. Las posibilidades de la dialéctica como base de la decisión judicial. La concepción del moderno realismo aristotélico en la versión contemporánea del jusnaturalismo romanista-historicista. La decisión judicial en el ámbito del realismo contemporáneo. Naturaleza y caracteres. El razonamiento judicial. El derecho laboral y la decisión judicial. Las cosas por su nombre

  14. 77 FR 72885 - Meeting of the Judicial Conference Committee on Rules of Practice and Procedure

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-06

    ...: Judicial Conference of the United States Advisory Committee on Rules of Criminal Procedure. ACTION: Notice of open meeting. SUMMARY: The Advisory Committee on Rules of Criminal Procedure will hold a two-day.... Time: 8:30 a.m. to 5:00 p.m. ADDRESSES: Duke University School of Law, 210 Science Drive, Durham,...

  15. 77 FR 77094 - Hearings of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-31

    ... of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence Federal Register Citation of Previous Announcement: 77 FR 49828 (August 17, 2012). AGENCY: Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence... following public hearing on proposed amendments to the Federal Rules of Evidence has been canceled:...

  16. 77 FR 74028 - Hearing of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence; Federal Register...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-12

    ... UNITED STATES Hearing of the Judicial Conference Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence; Federal Register Citation of Previous Announcement: 77 FR 49828 AGENCY: Advisory Committee on Rules of Evidence... following public hearing on proposed amendments to the Federal Rules of Evidence has been canceled:...

  17. RITUALITY AS A WAY OF ACTUALIZING THE CATEGORY OF OTHERNESS WITHIN THE JUDICIAL DISCOURSE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bogomazova Viktoriya Vladimirovna

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the rituality as one of the ways of actualizing the category of otherness within the judicial discourse, in general, and the court session, in particular. The author analyzes the relevant features of rituality in the judicial discourse, reveals the categorical connection between the rituality and otherness, the speech means which actualize their interaction. The author gives examples illustrating the actualization of the concept by means of rituality in the texts of court sessions' records. In addition, the author identifies the main communicative strategies and tactics used by the participants of judicial discourse. They serve as a means of expressing the analyzed categories. It is shown that a convict often uses the communicative strategy of self-defense, a defender and/or lawyer – the communicative strategy of defense or psychological impact, the prosecutor often appeals to the strategy of accusation and psychological impact. The author makes conclusion that the ritual character of judicial communication as a whole contributes to the distinction of discourse participants according to the features of "friend" and "enemy" thus actualizing the category of otherness.

  18. 5 CFR 1201.161 - Action by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission; judicial review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 5 Administrative Personnel 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Action by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission; judicial review. 1201.161 Section 1201.161 Administrative Personnel MERIT SYSTEMS PROTECTION BOARD ORGANIZATION AND PROCEDURES PRACTICES AND PROCEDURES Procedures for Cases Involving Allegations of Discrimination Review of...

  19. Judicial Restraints on the Press. Freedom of Information Foundation Series No. 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gillmor, Donald M.

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the current status of freedom of the press with regard to past and present judicial rulings. A section devoted to "The Background of Prior Restraint" examines the historical basis for current legal decisions. In "Threatening Progeny," court decisions unfriendly to the press such as the Reardon Report, the…

  20. Medical negligence liability under the consumer protection act: A review of judicial perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Joga Rao, S. V.

    2009-01-01

    It is important to know what constitutes medical negligence. A doctor owes certain duties to the patient who consults him for illness. A deficiency in this duty results in negligence. A basic knowledge of how medical negligence is adjudicated in the various judicial courts of India will help a doctor to practice his profession without undue worry about facing litigation for alleged medical negligence.

  1. Constitutional and Judicial Language Protection in Multilingual States: A Brief Overview of South Africa and Belgium

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    I. Bambust (Isabelle); A. Kruger (Albert); T. Kruger (Thalia)

    2013-01-01

    markdownabstract__Abstract__ The purpose of this contribution is to provide a very modest comparison of judicial language protection in South Africa and in Belgium. First of all, the authors sketch briefly the historical context and the constitutional status of languages in both countries. It is di

  2. Does Avoiding Judicial Isolation Outweigh the Risks Related to “Professional Death by Facebook”?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen Eltis

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available What happens when judges, in light of their role and responsibilities, and the scrutiny to which they are subjected, fall prey to a condition known as the “online disinhibition effect”? More importantly perhaps, what steps might judges reasonably take in order to pre-empt that fate, proactively addressing judicial social networking and its potential ramification for the administration of justice in the digital age? The immediate purpose of this article is to generate greater awareness of the issues specifically surrounding judicial social networking and to highlight some practical steps that those responsible for judicial training might consider in order to better equip judges for dealing with the exigencies of the digital realm. The focus is on understanding how to first recognize and then mitigate privacy and security risks in order to avoid bringing justice into disrepute through mishaps, and to stave off otherwise preventable incidents. This paper endeavors to provide a very brief overview of the emerging normative framework pertinent to the judicial use of social media, from a comparative perspective, concluding with some more practical (however preliminary recommendations for more prudent and advised ESM use.

  3. Judicious Use of Journal Impact Factors and the Preservation of Our Fields of Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cardinal, Bradley J.

    2013-01-01

    This article comments on the judicious use of journal impact factors. It aims to preserve our fields of study within the context of increased scholarly scrutiny and the hierarchical structures inherent in academia. It concludes by recommending actions for "JOPERD," other journals in the field, and the producers and evaluators of…

  4. Sobre la muerte voluntaria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Álvarez-Cienfuegos Fidalgo

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available El problema de cómo morir en nuestra sociedad se ha convertido en una inquietud para los ciudadanos y la reflexión moral. Especialmcnte por dos razones: por el desarrollo de la tecnología médica y por el hecho de que la mayor parte de los fallecimientos tienen lugar fuera del hogar, donde tradicionalmente ocurra el deceso. El presente artículo tiene como objetivo acercarse a esta cuestión. Para ello, se parte de la autonomía del ciudadano, con derecho a decidir sobre lo que considera cuál sea su manera de vivir y de morir. A tal fin, se hace una breve introducción sobre el dolor, el suicidio y la muerte, desde un punto de vista antropológico, pasando, después, a mostrar las cuestiones relacionadas con el problema de la eutanasia, donde la atención se dirigirá, ante todo, al enjuiciamiento crítico del tenso equilibrio en el que se mantienen dos principios fundamentales de la bioética: el de no maleficencia y el de autonomía del ciudadano.The problem of how to die in modern society has become a concern for both the citizen and moral reflection for two reasons in particular: due to developments in medical technology, and because most deaths occur outside the honre, where they traditionaÍlY took place. This paper addresses this issue, starting from citizen autonomy, the right to decide on what s/he considers to be his or her way of living and dying. To this end, a brief introduction considers pain, suicide and death from an anthropological viewpoint. Questions related to the problem of euthanasia are then exposed, with particular attention to, above all the critical judgement of the tense balance in which two fundamental principies of bioethics are held, the principle of non-maleficence and that of citizen autonomy.

  5. Sobre el nombre "Quechua"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodolfo Cerrón-Palomino

    1985-06-01

    Full Text Available Uno de los primeros problemas con el que a menudo tropiezael estudioso de los idiomas ágrafos, como es el caso de las lenguasaborígenes de América, es el de su denominación (glotónimo.En la medida ,en que, por razones históricas, las noticias sobretales lenguas, y por consiguiente los primeros estudios sobre lasmismas, surgen a partir del contacto con los miembros de la civilización occidental, los nombres de los distintos idiomas, así comode los grupos étnicos que los manejan, son el resultado casi siempre arbitrario cie designaciones fortuitas hechas por viajeros, misiioneros y exploradores, quienes por lo general se basan, para ello, bien en descripciones físicas de los grupo étnicos, en ciertos indios geográficos que constituyen el habitat de los mismos, e incluso en prejuicios que se nutren de un marcado europocentrismo.

  6. Refletindo sobre idosos institucionalizado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cenir Gonçalves Tier

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa, descritiva que teve por objetivo identificar como vem sendo o relacionamento idoso-família, identificando os motivos que levaram os familiares a optarem pela institucionalização do seu idoso, obtendo-se também a visão da família sobre o cuidado no lar. Para coleta dos dados utilizou-se um instrumento com perguntas abertas. A coleta dos dados efetivou-se nos meses de agosto de 2002 a julho de 2003, sendo sujeitos da pesquisa, familiares de idosos de uma instituição asilar em um município da região noroeste do Rio Grande do Sul. Através da análise de conteúdo constatou-se que a maior dificuldade encontrada pela família, visando dispensar cuidados ao idoso é a "falta de tempo para cuidar" do seu familiar idoso, pois a maioria deles exige cuidados em tempo integral.

  7. The process of interruption in Spanish judicial contexts. A pragmalinguistic approach / El proceso de interrupción en los contextos judidicales españoles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susana Ridao Rodrigo

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumen: En este artículo nuestros objetivos se basan en analizar los contextos judiciales españoles desde una perspectiva pragmalingüística; más específicamente queremos hacer una contribución a los distintos estudios sobre el fenómeno de la (descortesía, en particular en el proceso de interrupción. El género del interrogatorio judicial se caracteriza por un cambio de hablante muy rápido, por ello creemos interesante analizar este género enfocando nuestra atención en las interrupciones. Así, después de una pequeña introducción, comentamos estudios que están relacionados con este tema y ofrecemos una sistematización de las interrupciones más peculiares que tienen lugar en los contextos legales, basando nuestra argumentación en la taxonomía ofrecida en Bañón (1997. Finalizamos el artículo con una conclusión general: las interrupciones que tienen lugar durante los interrogatorios se consideran más o menos descorteses en función del papel del interruptor.Summary: In this paper our aims are based on the analysis of Spanish judicial contexts from a pragmalinguistic perspective; more specifically we want to make a contribution to the various studies on the phenomenon of (impoliteness, particularly the process of interruption. The genre of judicial interrogation is characterized by a rapid change of speaker, so we believe it interesting to analyse this genre focusing our attention on interruptions. Thus, after a brief introduction, we comment on studies that are related to the topic and we offer a systematization of more peculiar interruptions that take place in legal contexts, basing our argument on Bañón's taxonomy (1997. We end the paper with a general conclusion: Interruptions which occur during interrogations are considered rather rude depending on the role of the interrupter.

  8. The Judicialization of (Separation of Powers Politics: Lessons from Chile La judicialización de la (separación de poderes política: Lecciones de Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Druscilla L. Scribner

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Most analyses of the judicialization of politics focus on judicial policy-making and rights creation; however when judicialization of politics unfolds in a separation of powers political context courts are also involved in distributing power. The task of power delineation among branches of government is different from policy-making or rights adjudication. Judicializing political disputes about power gives courts the opportunity to alter the balance of institutional power, to create stronger executives (or legislatures and a stronger (or weaker role for themselves. To illustrate these points, this article examines how the Chilean Constitutional Tribunal (TC adjudicated a specific type of separation of powers conflict between the Legislature and the Executive from 1990-2005. The analysis of the TC doctrine overtime highlights how the TC has shifted the balance of power in the policy-making process and augmented its influence within the political system. La mayoría de los análisis de la judicialización de la política se centran en la creación judicial de políticas y derechos. Sin embargo, cuando la judicialización de la política se desarrolla en un contexto institucional de separación de poder, los tribunales también están involucrados en la distribución de poder. La tarea de delimitación de poder entre los poderes del Estado es diferente de la formulación de políticas o adjudicación de los derechos. Judicialización de las disputas políticas sobre el poder confiere a los tribunales la oportunidad de alterar el equilibrio de poder institucional, para crear ejecutivos (o legislaturas más fuertes y un papel para los tribunales altos más dinámico (o débil. Para ilustrar estos puntos, este artículo examina cómo el Tribunal Constitucional Chileno (TC adjudicó un tipo de conflicto específico entre los poderes legislativo y ejecutivo desde 1990 hasta 2005. Un análisis de la jurisprudencia “ley vs. reglamento” del Tribunal

  9. Public Litigation and the Concept of “Deference” in Judicial Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abraham Klaasen

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The Constitutional Court is the highest court in all constitutional matters and thus decides appeals from other courts in disputes involving natural and juristic persons and the state, including criminal matters, if the matter is a constitutional matter or an issue connected with a decision on a constitutional matter. The Court may hear any matter, if the Constitutional Court grants leave to appeal because the matter raises an arguable point of law of general public importance that ought to be considered by that court. The Constitution makes it clear that courts are independent and subject only to the Constitution and the law. All persons to whom and organs of state to which a court order or decision applies are bound by it. It is important that the courts employ a standard of judicial review that is compatible with constitutional principles and values. The Constitutional Court subscribes to a standard of “deference” in judicial review. This principle recognises the need to protect the institutional character of each of the three arms of government in a manner that will prevent their ability to discharge their constitutional role being undermined. The principle of deference concerns the function of the judge in mediating between the law and legislative and executive politics. Around the world, litigation or judicial review has become immensely popular as a treatment for the pains of modern governance. South Africa is no exception to this phenomenon. This activism by litigation consists of efforts to promote, impede, or direct social, political, economic, or environmental change, or stasis. Organisations and individuals often disregard or distrust the political process and approach the courts to advance their own interest and to protect their own rights. Litigants seek to enforce constitutional principles and values that affect others as directly as them and that are valued for moral or political reasons and are independent of economic

  10. Judicial Activism of the Court of Justice of the EU in the Pluralist Architecture of Global Law

    OpenAIRE

    Cebulak, Pola

    2014-01-01

    Judicial activism implies a hidden politicization of the Court. The legal arguments and the methods used by the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) might seem coherent. However, an inquiry into judicial activism means looking beyond the legal reasoning of the Court and trying to “connect the dots” of an alternative narrative that can explain the Court’s long-term approach to certain issues. In the case of judicial activism of the CJEU in the case-law concerning public international ...

  11. The Party Members’ Court: judicial control over intraparty disputes in Mexico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javier MARTÍN REYES

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Between 1997 and 2003, in a series of relevant cases, the Electoral Court of the Federal Judicial Branch (ECFJB increased its capacity to adjudicate intraparty disputes. This paper explains how the ECFJB, without a supporting legislation, was able to establish a direct and far reaching control over intraparty disputes such as the election of party leaders, the selection of candidates, or the punishment of party members. Following a strategic behavior approach, I will provide empirical evidence to prove that there was a negative correlation between the level of judicial control over the parties’ internal life, on the one hand, and the vulnerability of the ECFJB from the legislature and party leaders, on the other.

  12. The Evaluation of the Practical Implementation of Social Justice by the Judicial System of State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marţian Iovan

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Based on a sociological research, the author of this article aims to identify the beliefs and the attitudes of a group of BA and MA students enrolled in university programs of Juridical Science, regarding their apprehension of the principles of justice - as the central value of the Romanian judicial system. This would contribute to the implementation of justice in the actual Romanian economic, political, and judicial structure. The data analysis provides the necessary information for comprehending the extensions of justice and injustice within the specific social context. A real distance between reality and the political doctrines, and the classical and post-modern philosophical theories of justice as well can be noticed. The resulting conclusions could provide solid settings in order to develop a number of strategies/public policies to shape a more honest society.

  13. Judicial control power and technico-scientific expert opinion in the atomic energy lawsuit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Czajka, judge in the atomic energy law senate of a Higher Administrative Court, underlines the judicial control function and independence. In lawsuits on nuclear power plant issues many technical questions cannot be adequately judged by lawyers as laymen so that they must use the help of experts. If possible, Czajka wants to hear in a discussion in court experts of different opinions. The appreciation of controversial expert opinions requires of the judge a judging decision which in the end cannot be logically stated. Though this subjective element of the evaluation of evidence is inevitable, Czajka defends himself by referring to the legal protection mandate of the courts against attempts of both sides to limit the judicial inquiry into facts by legal-dogmatic considerations. (orig./HSCH)

  14. Instituciones políticas y función judicial en Derecho Constitucional comparado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Landau

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Los estudiosos del Derecho Constitucional comparado no han entendido que las diferencias radicales en la configuración de las instituciones políticas influyen en la forma en que las cortes hacen su labor. En este escrito desarrollo una teoría comparada del rol judicial centrada en las diferencias generales del contexto político, en particular de los sistemas de partidos, entre países. Uso un estudio de caso de la Corte Constitucional colombiana (complementado con estudios más breves de las cortes húngara y surafricana para demostrar que las diferencias en las instituciones políticas afectan el rol judicial. Debido a que los partidos colombianos son inestables y tienen escasos vínculos con la sociedad civil, el Congreso tiene dificultades para proponer políticas, supervisar el cumplimiento de las políticas y hacer contrapeso al poder presidencial. La Corte ha respondido asumiendo muchas de esas funciones. Argumento que sus acciones son razonables en el contexto institucional del país, aunque las teorías existentes del rol judicial encontrarían inapropiada esta especie de sustitución del legislativo. La teoría existente que se centra en el carácter antidemocrático de la acción judicial supone una cultura constitucional robusta fuera de las cortes y un cuerpo legislativo que hace un trabajo decente en la representación de la voluntad popular: ambos supuestos tienden a ser falsos en las democracias más nuevas. Los estudiosos del derecho público comparado deben entonces prestar atención al contexto político a fin de construir instrumentos adecuados para evaluar la labor de las cortes en todo el mundo.

  15. Caregivers' experiences of the South African judicial system after the reporting of child sexual abuse

    OpenAIRE

    Paulsen, Nicole; Wilson, Lizane

    2013-01-01

    Child sexual abuse (CSA) is found to occur in alarming proportions worldwide. In South Africa, children represent almost half of the victims of known sexual abuse, and this is becoming a great concern even being described as silent epidemic. This research study serves as a qualitative exploration of caregivers' experiences of the South African judicial system after CSA has been reported. For the purpose of this study, the researcher used a descriptive qualitative research design so as to thor...

  16. Judicial control of legal relations in the sports law - de lege ferenda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dean Vuleta

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The business of Sport is a complex entity in our current society. All participants in the business of sport (Sport Community includings athletes, coaches, managers and facilities providers require legal representation and consideration within the legal framework of the country in which they operate. The participants in the business of sport require civil, labor, criminal, commercial, and judicial regulation in order to maintain the integrity and raise the quality of their sport to a global level. Legislative and judicial authorities have neglected to pursue legislation that provides protection for the progress and development of the Sports Community. Current Sports Law has many gaps and is lacking the standardization which would provide judicial support for Sports Community. Without specific sport legislation there will be a substantial increase in disputes for the violation of subjective rights within the Sports Community. One of the most crucial unsolved questions is how a sport will be protected as an institutionalized and regulated activity from legal abuses in and outside of the specific sport. The Republic of Croatia is still lacking effective and organized judicial power of the quality necessary to protect and support its Sports Community. A solution to this problem is for those with legislative authority to initiate the procedure of forming specialized courts constituted only for trial in conflict situations related to sports conflicts. This excludes criminal offenses for which a prison sentence is determined. This initiative would lead to additional provisions of certain legal acts through necessary amandments, mainly Sports Law, Court Law and Civil Procedure.

  17. EXTENT OF JUDICIAL ACCOUNTING EXPERTISE WITHIN THE PRODUCTION OF ACCOUNTING INFORMATION

    OpenAIRE

    Gheorghe FATACEAN

    2013-01-01

    Within the economic and social relationships in a permanent dynamics, information plays an essential role. The current configuration of society, masked through chronic imbalances in the relationships between society and citizens, needs a decisional system mostly based on the logic of production and use of information. In this context, the accounting information resulting in the judicial accounting expertise reports play a considerable role and importance in restoring and maintaining balances ...

  18. Judicial Review of the Budgetary Authority during the enactment of the European Unions Budget

    OpenAIRE

    Skiadas, Dimitrios V.

    2000-01-01

    This article considers the problems arising during the judicial review of the budgetary procedure in the European Union. Matters such as the jurisdiction of the ECJ, the identity of the reviewable acts, the standing of all applicants as well as the grounds of review are examined in detail. Some problems of the budgetary procedure are also highlighted and there are some proposals aiming to improve the current situation.

  19. Judicial Review of the Budgetary Authority during the enactment of the European Unions Budget

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dimitrios V. Skiadas

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available This article considers the problems arising during the judicial review of the budgetary procedure in the European Union. Matters such as the jurisdiction of the ECJ, the identity of the reviewable acts, the standing of all applicants as well as the grounds of review are examined in detail. Some problems of the budgetary procedure are also highlighted and there are some proposals aiming to improve the current situation.

  20. WHITHER ISLAMIC LEGAL REASONING? The Law and Judicial Reasoning of The Religious Courts

    OpenAIRE

    Ahmad Rofii

    2014-01-01

    The article analyses the judicial reasoning employed by the religious courts in giving decisions on inheritance, particularly since the promulgation of the 1991 Compilation of Islamic Law. It seeks to examine whether these courts use Islamic legal reasoning. This paper argues that the structure of the courts’ decisions is to be found in most Civil Law courts. It then offers three different approaches of reasoning employed by the religious courts in their decisions on inheritance: the use of t...

  1. Legal Transplantation in the Judicature: Employing Foreign Laws in China's Judicial Practice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHU Jingwen

    2006-01-01

    For wholly domestic cases,when there are no suitable domestic provisions and similar precedents,the courts in some countries will directly incite relevant foreign legislations or precedents.While in China,never before had its judicature ever used foreign laws or comparative law to handle non-foreign cases.However,in recent years,with the gradual opening of China's judicial area,its judicature also begin to use precedents of foreign and comparative laws.

  2. A Story of Suo Motos, Judicial Activism, and Article 184 (3)

    OpenAIRE

    Nabi, Zubair

    2015-01-01

    The synergy between Big Data and Open Data has the potential to revolutionize information access in the developing world. Following this mantra, we present the analysis of more than a decade worth of open judgements and orders from the Supreme Court of Pakistan. Our overarching goal is to discern the presence of judicial activism in the country in the wake of the Lawyers' Movement. Using Apache Spark as the processing engine we analyze hundreds of unstructured PDF documents to sketch the evol...

  3. What Difference Does it Make?: Facilitative Judicial Mediation of Discrimination Cases

    OpenAIRE

    Boon, A; Karuk, V.; Urwin, P.

    2011-01-01

    Mediation is promoted by government to reduce the volume, cost and formality of dispute resolution, but evidence of these benefits is inconclusive. A number of reports have analysed mediation of contract and similar cases in the County Courts but there has been little empirical work in the employment field. This article considers the findings of an evaluation of (facilitative) judicial mediation, piloted by the Employment Tribunal Service, for discrimination cases starting between June 2006 a...

  4. THE FEMALE ADVANTAGE: Gender and Self-presentational Strategies in the Judicial System

    OpenAIRE

    Bakhshayesh, Bahareh

    2015-01-01

    Warmth and competence are two universal dimensions underlying social perception. A negative relationship exists between the two dimensions in group/person perception: the “compensation effect”, such that when two individual/groups are compared/judged, the one judged more positively on one dimension is also judged less positively on the other dimension. This study explored whether men and women use warmth and competence in a compensatory way when managing impression in a judicial context. Mode...

  5. Temporary brittle bone disease: relationship between clinical findings and judicial outcome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Colin R. Paterson

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available There is a wide differential diagnosis for the child with unexplained fractures including non-accidental injury, osteogenesis imperfecta and vitamin D deficiency rickets. Over the last 20 years we and others have described a self-limiting syndrome characterised by fractures in the first year of life. This has been given the provisional name temporary brittle bone disease. This work had proved controversial mostly because the fractures, including rib fractures and metaphyseal fractures, were those previously regarded as typical or even diagnostic of non-accidental injury. Some have asserted that the condition does not exist. Over the years 1985 to 2000 we investigated 87 such cases with fractures with a view to determining the future care of the children. In 85 of these the judiciary was involved. We examined the clinical and radiological findings in the 33 cases in which there was a judicial finding of abuse, the 24 cases in which the parents were exonerated and the 28 cases in which no formal judicial finding was made. The three groups of patients were similar in terms of demographics, age at fracturing and details of the fractures. The clinical similarities between the three groups of patients contrasts with the very different results of the judicial process.

  6. [Interest in periodic health examinations for young people in the judicial system].

    Science.gov (United States)

    North, S

    2003-12-01

    The Centre for Health Examinations (CES) in Roche sur Yon has experience with the Periodic Health Examinations (EPS) on population groups in fragile or disadvantaged situations and young people in the process of integration. Minors followed by the Judicial Protection of the Youth (PJJ) are in a preoccupying state of health. Professionals led a working group for reflection from two institutions working in health management. This study aims to explore the representations of young people's health under the care of the judicial system in order to evaluate the pertinence of EPS in the health course of youth in the judicial correctional system. 23 semi-directed interviews allowed the team to show that if the youth have a somatic definition of health, they are nevertheless open to a comprehensive approach to health. Their parents are unavoidable reference points. The readability of the speakers in terms of mental health remains average. The resources in health documentation are under-utilised. The treating doctor remains a special partner for health. The knowledge of social rights is insufficient. The notion of risk and the need for more information concerns the areas of drunk driving, sexuality and road rage. The EPS very logically places itself in the health course of the youth. The partnership between the health and the justice systems should be constructed in the framework of a convention between the two institutions. PMID:14964014

  7. El Poder Judicial Electrónico en Iberoamérica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Miguel Busquets

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo, presentamos el índice del Poder Judicial Electrónico para 8 países de Iberoamérica, a saber: Argentina, Brasil, Costa Rica, Cuba, Chile, España, Portugal y Uruguay. El índice del Poder Judicial Electrónico tiene como objetivo medir el grado de incorporación de las tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación (TICs en los Poderes Judiciales. El mismo es el resultado de un relevamiento realizado entre abril y agosto de 2013 a informantes calificados, muchos de ellos integrantes de Universidades que pertenecen a la Red LEFIS (Legal Framework for the Information Society. Entre los resultados significativos de esta investigación encontramos: 1 Mientras que las dimensiones de información y gestión del índice son los más desarrollados, las dimensiones de relación y decisión del mismo índice están mucho menos desarrolladas en el conjunto de los 8 países de Iberoamérica estudiados. 2 Con más de un 50% del índice de Poder Judicial Electrónico desarrollado se encuentran Brasil, España, Costa Rica, Portugal, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay y Cuba

  8. LA REFORMA JUDICIAL Y LA BÚSQUEDA DEL ACCESO A LA JUSTICIA EN COLOMBIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Sánchez Cardona

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This article is a reflective study on judicial reform and the quest for access to justice in Colombia, which aims to expose the importance of access to justice as a fundamental basis for all rule of law. Howe- ver, in countries like Colombia that legitimacy is questioned, because they have not been public policies that focus on removing barriers to access to justice, such as the cost of litigation, excessive forma- lism, lack education rights, geographical limitations, the power of the litigants and other barriers that plague society. These limitations are accentuated with the peculiarities of the Colombian judicial system, as it is the legal patronage and the decline of the state in certain areas of the country to dispense justice, so have become the biggest obstacle to discuss a reform of the justice that focuses on open access to the mostvulnerable persons, necessitating a discussion on the challenges of a comprehensive policy based on the citizen to enter the judicial system.

  9. Execution of the European Arrest Warrant by the Romanian Judicial Authorities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion Rusu

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The unprecedented development of criminality at the social and economical levels, the tendency toglobalize some categories of crimes, of maximum gravity, as terrorism, armament traffic, drug traffic orhuman traffic, have determined the world states to undertake specific measures to prevent, combat and finallyreduce it. The first and most important measure taken by the Europe’s Council, regarding the intensificationof judicial cooperation in criminal matters was the adoption of the European Convention on extradition, inParis on 13 December 1957, completed by the two Additional Protocols in Strasbourg, on 15 October 1975and 17 March 1978. In this context, the release of the Council’s Framework Decision on 13 June 2002 on theEuropean arrest warrant and the procedures of delivery among the member states (2002/584/JAI representeda natural decision, with the purpose of contributing at ensuring a free, secure and just European space. TheEuropean arrest warrant is a judicial decision through which a competent judicial authority of a EuropeanUnion member state solicits the arrest and delivery by another member state, in order to proceed to theprosecution, trial or execution of a penalty or safety measure that is privative of freedom.

  10. Access to treatment for phenylketonuria by judicial means in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trevisan, Luciano Mangueira; Nalin, Tatiele; Tonon, Tassia; Veiga, Lauren Monteiro; Vargas, Paula; Krug, Bárbara Corrêa; Leivas, Paulo Gilberto Cogo; Schwartz, Ida Vanessa Doederlein

    2015-05-01

    Treatment of phenylketonuria (PKU) includes the use of a metabolic formula which should be provided free of charge by the Unified Health System (SUS). This retrospective, observational study sought to characterize judicial channels to obtain PKU treatment in Rio Grande do Sul (RS), Brazil. Lawsuits filed between 2001- 2010 and having as beneficiaries PKU patients requesting treatment for the disease were included. Of 20 lawsuits filed, corresponding to 16.8% of RS patients with PKU, 19 were retrieved for analysis. Of these, only two sought to obtain therapies other than metabolic formula. In all the other 17 cases, prior treatment requests had been granted by the State Department of Health. Defendants included the State (n = 19), the Union (n = 1), and municipalities (n = 4). In 18/19 cases, the courts ruled in favor of the plaintiffs. Violation of the right to health and discontinuation of State-provided treatment were the main reasons for judicial recourse. Unlike other genetic diseases, patients with PKU seek legal remedy to obtain a product already covered by the national pharmaceutical assistance policy, suggesting that management failures are a driving factor for judicialization in Brazil.

  11. ¿Existe discrecionalidad en la decisión judicial?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García Amado, Juan Antonio

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Two different sets of legal theories have denied that judges have any discretion when deciding cases. The first was “naive” formalism as practised in the XIXth century,and more specifically, the exegesis school in France and the conceptual jurisprudence school (Begriffsjurisprudenz in Germany. The second was the “sophisticated” formalism of the late XXth century, which both establishes a connection between law and social morality, and undertakes a moral reading of the constitution so that positive law could offer the one right answer in each case. On its turn, mainstream legal positivism has regarded judicial discretion as an unavoidable and even perhaps desirable consequence of the structural features of any really existing legal order.

    Dos tipos de doctrinas jurídicas han tratado de negar la discrecionalidad judicial: por un lado, el formalismo ingenuo del siglo XIX, propio de la Escuela de la Exégesis, en Francia, y de la Jurisprudencia de Conceptos, en Alemania; por otro lado, el formalismo sofisticado de fines del siglo XX, que primero integra derecho y moral social y, después, moraliza la Constitución positiva para que en el derecho positivo se contenga una única solución correcta para cada caso posible. Por contra, el positivismo jurídico del siglo XX ha visto en la discrecionalidad judicial una consecuencia, tan inevitable como conveniente, de los caracteres de todo sistema jurídico real.

  12. El poder judicial venezolano como medio de tutela de los derechos humanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Humberto Ocando Ocando

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza el poder judicial venezolano como medio de tutela de los derechos humanos, en el sentido de determinar si el orden jurídico constitucional interno y la jurisprudencia de nuestro máximo Tribunal Supremo de Justicia han reconocido la operatividad del sistema de justicia como mecanismo de garantía y control del respeto de los derechos humanos, en tanto normas de estricto cumplimiento de principios axiológicos que rigen al poder judicial por parte del Estado venezolano. Se analizan los principios de la actividad jurisdiccional del Estado y los derechos humanos, como derechos subjetivos fundamentales del hombre. Se utiliza el método del análisis documental. Se concluye que el orden constitucional y la jurisprudencia han reconocido la plena operatividad de los derechos humanos, es decir, resultando estos derechos inmediatamente exigibles y objetos de la tutela judicial efectiva y de cumplimiento progresivo por parte del Estado Venezolano.

  13. Practice experience on forestry judicial authentication%林业司法鉴定的实践体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨光

    2014-01-01

    通过林业司法鉴定的实践,对司法鉴定在案件诉讼过程中所起的作用、司法鉴定与诉讼代理的区别、林业司法鉴定的主要内容及程序进行了分析和叙述,并对具体的鉴定实施提出了建议。%Pass the practices of judicial authentication of forestry , this paper analyzed and narrated the role of judicial au-thentication in cases litigation process , the differences between judicial authentication and litigation agency , and the main content and procedure of forestry judicial identification .The specific implementations of authentication were proposed .

  14. The European Judicial Training Network and its Role in the Strategy for the Europeanization of National Judges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Benvenuti

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This article addresses the building of a European Judicial Training Framework (EJT, notably the establishment, organization and functioning of the European Judicial Training Network (EJTN. After describing the EJTN and retracing its distinctive features – co-operation, decentralization, complementarity, targeting –, the article underlines its peculiar function within EJT, which reflects the role of EJT itself in the strategy for Europeanization of national judges. It then concludes by pointing out and situating other strategic areas where important synergies with EJT for the purpose of judicial Europeanization can be strengthened, notably enhancement of transnational judicial networks and introduction of knowledge management tools in national systems. The article is based on the analysis of documents and scientific literature as well as on empirical research and semi-structured interviews conducted by the author in 2013 and 2014.

  15. Judicial Districts, Zones Law, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Washington County.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Judicial Districts dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2008. It is described as 'Zones...

  16. Judicial Districts, Published in 2007, 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, Town of Cary NC.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Judicial Districts dataset, published at 1:600 (1in=50ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Published Reports/Deeds information as of 2007. Data by this...

  17. Insecurity in Contemporary Nigeria: Useful Lessons of Judicial Administration in the Old Ondo Province as a Panacea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AFE, Adedayo Emmanuel Ph.D

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The people of Old Ondo Province have for long appreciated the role of stable life as indispensable to the overall growth of the society. To maintain this, the people resorted to modern judicial administration, taking redress in court of justice instead of taking law into their hands. This paper, therefore, examines how judicial administration was a panacea for insecurity in the Old Ondo Province, 1914-1954. The judicial system curtailed gradation of courts which encouraged effective litigation and appeal process. The thesis of this paper is imperative since peace is the bedrock of the survival and development of any nation. This form of judicial process, if applied in contemporary life, would provide the impetus needed to mitigate prevailing security challenges. Primary and secondary sources were used. This paper concludes that the law of any nation that will develop should be humane, supreme and obeyed.

  18. O Poder Judicial na sociedade livre The Judiciary in a free society

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Morgado

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Nos dias atuais multiplicam-se as discussões em torno da "crise da justiça". Porém, nas sociedades modernas esta expressão (independentemente do seu conteúdo concreto designa especificamente a crise da justiça democrática e liberal ou, pode-se ainda dizer, a crise do poder judicial na sociedade democrática e liberal. Assim, qualquer discussão acerca da "crise da justiça" parece exigir um enquadramento contextual que ajude a clarificar o lugar ocupado pelo poder judicial em sociedades como as nossas. O propósito deste artigo consiste em contribuir para elucidar qual é, do ponto de vista político e constitucional, esse contexto. A perspectiva da História do Pensamento Político é considerada como a mais útil, na medida em que permite aceder à origem dos fundamentos intelectuais que estruturam não só o poder judicial moderno, mas a sociedade moderna como um todo. Neste artigo, John Locke e Montesquieu aparecem como dois autores incontornáveis por terem dado um contributo indelével para essa dupla estruturação.There is increasing debate about the "crisis of the judiciary", although in modern societies this expression (independent from its concrete content specifically designates the crises of liberal democratic justice, or, it could be said, the crises of the judiciary in liberal and democratic society. Thus, any discussion about the "crisis of the judiciary" appears to demand a contextual framing that helps to clarify the place occupied by the judicial branch in societies such as ours. This article seeks to elucidate this context, from the political and constitutional point of view. The perspective of the History of Political Thinking is considered the most useful, to the degree to which it points to the origin of the intellectual foundation not only of modern judicial power, but of modern society as a whole. In this article, John Locke and Montesquieu are presented as two essential authors because they have made an indelible

  19. Corrupción en la Rama Judicial: una reflexión

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horacio Escobar Luque

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available ResumenUno de los más dañinos flagelos que azotan nuestrassociedades es la corrupción vista desde diversos ángulosy acciones. Vargas ( solo ve al Poder Judicial como objetode la corrupción, como ente corruptible, mas no comouna institución encargada precisamente de controlar lacorrupción. La única forma eficaz de superar los problemasendémicos de corrupción en nuestros sistemas judicialeses afrontar derechamente las profundas disfuncionesque estos manifiestan que constituyen las reales causasde los serios problemas de corrupción que los aquejan.Klitgaard ( formaliza el fenómeno de la corrupción dela siguiente manera: Corrupción = poder monopólico +arbitrio – responsabilidad. Villoria ( manifiesta que haycasos en que la judicatura no es un obstáculo contra la corrupción,sino un elemento esencial en su reproducción ydesarrollo, siendo un ejemplo de corrupción que contribuyea la deslegitimación del sistema político y corroe loscimientos de la gobernabilidad. Si se analizan, entonces,los problemas de los sistemas judiciales, con el objetivode buscar soluciones a sus altos niveles de corrupción administrativa,nos encontraríamos con: una organizaciónineficaz, la precariedad del empleo, desprecio de la ley,amiguismo, delegaciones, abogados corruptores, silencioy jerarquía judicial cooptada.Palabras clave: Corrupción, Rama Judicial, Monopolio,Amiguismo. AbstractOne of the most damaging scourges afflicting oursocieties corruption is viewed from different angles andactions. Vargas ( only sees the judiciary as an object ofcorruption as corruptible body, not as an institution toprecisely control corruption. The only effective way toovercome the endemic problems of corruption in ourjudicial system is straight addressing the root dysfunctionsthey say they are the real causes of serious corruptionproblems that afflict them. Klitgaard ( formalizesthe phenomenon of corruption as follows: Corruption =monopoly power + discretion

  20. La palabra de los “naturales” en la justicia. Posibilidades y limitaciones en el análisis de la documentación judicial referida a indígenas (Jujuy, siglo XVII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Cecilia Oyarzábal

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo se propone establecer variables de análisis en lo que respecta al rol de los indígenas en la documentación judicial colonial. En ese sentido, el corpus principal de análisis lo constituye el Pleito de los indios de Paipaya contra Francisco Salas Valdez (1671 a través del cual vislumbraremos las condiciones de producción del documento, el rol de los mediadores, la distancia cultural o la influencia de las condiciones de subordinación actuantes en el mismo. Consideramos al presente trabajo una aproximación que no pretende ser definitiva, si no abrir un panorama a la reflexión sobre la temática ya que este extenso documento nos brindará elementos de reflexión metodológica y heurística con que abordar el estudio de los indígenas a través de la fuente judicial

  1. Control judicial de la regulación económica en clave de los actos administrativos proferidos por la Comisión de Regulación de Comunicaciones (CRC

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camilo Perdomo Villamil

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available En el contexto de los procesos de liberalización y los nuevos regímenes económicos a nivel constitucional, la regulación económica se posicionó como una de las principales actividades de intervención estatal sobre la economía. Esta se concibe como un instrumento técnico, neutral e independiente, diseñado para resolver las fallas del mercado y armonizar objetivos económicos y no económicos, generalmente contrapuestos. Por tanto, la cabida del control judicial es muy cuestionada, evidenciándose choques entre la garantía de acceso a la justicia de los particulares y la competencia técnica de los reguladores. Así, se efectúa un análisis material de los actos proferidos por las autoridades de regulación en clave de la extensión del principio de legalidad, y basado en las funciones asignadas a la CRC según la Ley 1341 de 2009, con el propósito de determinar los marcos, límites y alcances del control judicial.

  2. El Derecho a la Tutela Judicial y al Debido Proceso en la Jurisprudencia del Tribunal Constitucional Chileno

    OpenAIRE

    Gonzalo García Pino; Pablo Contreras Vásquez

    2013-01-01

    El texto propone un esquema conceptual que sistematiza la jurisprudencia del Tribunal Constitucional chileno en materia del derecho a la tutela judicial y al debido proceso. Tomando en consideración la doctrina reciente, el texto elabora categorías dogmáticas para diferenciar las potestades y componentes del derecho a la tutela judicial del debido proceso. Los autores concluyen que ambos derechos son de creciente desarrollo conceptual por la jurisprudencia constitucional chilena y que su sist...

  3. Instruments and Criteria for Research and Analysis of the Internet Visibility of Bulgarian Judicial Institutions WEB-Space*

    OpenAIRE

    Nayden Valkov Nenkov; Mariana Mateeva Petrova

    2015-01-01

    e-Justice has been under discussion at European level since 2007. The article describes some tools and displays objective criteria for evaluating the WEB-pages of judicial institutions in Bulgaria. A methodology is offered in order to improve the organization and functioning of the judicial institutions. It is used to conduct experimental tests for analysis and assessment of the main characteristics of the Bulgaria courts’ WEB-sites. The results provide grounds for findings and recommendation...

  4. Factores sociodemográficos y familiares en menores de España con medida judicial, cívicos e infractores

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María de la Villa Moral-Jiménez

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este estudio es analizar factores vinculados a la estructura y funcionalidad familiar, así como de carácter sociodemográfico, relacionados con el comportamiento delictivo en adolescentes. Para ello, seleccionamos aleatoriamente una muestra de escolares (n=118 del Principado de Asturias (España, divididos en dos grupos: cívico (n=87 y comportamiento delictivo (n=31, así como un grupo de adolescentes que cumplen Medida Judicial en Régimen Medio Abierto (n=22. Hallamos diferencias significativas en función de características individuales como edad, género y nivel de estudios, siendo los varones con mayor edad los que presentan más conductas delictivas. La formación académica de la madre, la separación conyugal y la ausencia del padre, son factores influyentes en el desarrollo de comportamientos delictivos que deriven en una sanción penal. Proponemos una discusión sobre las implicaciones de los resultados para la prevención de los comportamientos delictivos en menores.

  5. Factores asociados al suicidio en Panamá según casos realizados en la Morgue Judicial 2011- 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Antonio Ruíz Arango

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available El suicidio es un problema de salud pública multifactorial y de graves consecuencias para la sociedad, el cual ha aumentado su incidencia con el devenir de las décadas a nivel mundial. Este estudio tiene como objetivo describir el fenómeno del suicidio desde el punto de vista médico legal en la Morgue Judicial de la provincia de Panamá. Se trata de un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo elaborado a partir de los expedientes de los casos de necropsia de 2011 al 2013, de los mismos se captaron las variables demográficas además de datos del protocolo de necropsia como la causa de muerte y resultados de análisis toxicológicos, finalmente de la hoja de entrevista con los familiares se documentó el motivo que según los familiares llevó a la persona a cometer suicidio. Se evidenció el aumento de la tasa de mortalidad por suicidio, la proporción en cuanto a género es de 3 hombres por 1 mujer. La distribución de suicidio por grupo etario es proporcional en los grupos de jóvenes y adultos. Siendo la edad promedio del suicida de 41 años. Las profesiones técnicas son las más propensas a cometer suicidio. La causa de muerte que predomino en ambos sexos fue la ahorcadura y la razon de cometer suicidio fue sentimental en los hombres y enfermedad cronica en las mujeres. Finalmente la fuente de datos sobre muerte por suicidio obtenido en el ámbito médico legal se constituye una importante herramienta para el análisis de esta condición de forma tal de que disminuya el subregistro ya que a nivel interinstitucional se carece de protocolos y estadísticas publicadas de intentos suicidas y aquellos que logran consumar el suicidio.

  6. Judicial consumerism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B S Bagi

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Legal medicine is very essential for practicing dentists so as to protect against public complaints and litigation. This paper briefs about medicolegal jurisprudence and its introduction and promotion among medical professionals.

  7. Acueducto pretensado sobre el Holme

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    Editorial, Equipo

    1958-04-01

    Full Text Available Breve descripción del paso de una canalización de 0,60 m de diámetro, destinada al abastecimiento de aguas, sobre el río Holme (Inglaterra. El puente formado tiene dos vigas de hormigón pretensado, cuyas armaduras se componen de barras McCall.

  8. 新司法改革背景下党领导司法的进阶%The Advancement of the Party's Leadership in Judicial Work under the Background of New Judicial Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨武松

    2015-01-01

    从中国的宪制结构和国家治理的现实情态看,坚持和加强党的领导是新一轮司法改革必须坚持的根本原则.但是,从司法实践看,新一轮司法改革必将对党领导司法的方式形成冲击,倒逼中国共产党从理念认知到领导方式等方面重新诠释党领导司法的意涵,从党领导司法的权力来源、范畴、方式以及革新政法委工作职能等方面,推动党领导司法机制的进阶.%From the perspective of practical modality of Chinese constitutional structure and governance of the country, to adhere to and strengthen the leadership of the party is the fundamental principle of the new round of judicial reform. But in the judicial practice, a new round of judicial reform is bound to form the impact to the leadership of the Party in the judicial. It forced the Communist Party of China reinterpreted the meaning of the Party's leadership in the judicial from the aspect of cognition to the style of leadership. To promote the advancement of judicial mechanism under the leadership of the party from the power source, category, mode of the Party's leadership in the judicial and work function of the reform in Politics and Law Committee.

  9. La ética judicial en la regulación del matrimonio igualitario

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso Córdoba Baviera

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumen El presente trabajo tiene una empresa última concretamente establecida que es la de hacer un barrido expositivo y analítico por la apertura del concepto matrimonio a acepciones o realidades hasta principios del siglo XXI jamás planteadas. Esto es, crear un camino de acceso a la institución matrimonial para las uniones entre personas del mismo sexo. En el caso español, objeto de este estudio, se ha dado gracias a la aplicación de la ética judicial por parte de los Magistrados del Tribunal Constitu- cional que, con motivo de la mutación constitucional llevada a cabo por el legislador ordinario, se han visto en la obligación de dar un giro jurisprudencial en atención a las demandas de una sociedad cuya realidad es dinámica y cambiante. Ya el Tribunal Constitucional no ostenta el título de legislador negativo sino que, su función social es mucho más profunda, es el encargado de dar validez y legitimidad a la Constitución. Palabras clave: Matrimonio entre personas del mismo sexo, Ética judicial, Tribunal Constitucional. Abstract The concrete, ultimate aim of this paper is to make an expository and analytical clear-out to open the concept of marriage to meanings or realities never considered until the early twenty-first century. That is, to create an access road to the institution of marriage to unions between people of the same sex. In the case of Spain, the subject of this study, such road has been created thanks to the application of judicial ethics by judges of the Constitutional Court. On the occasion of the constitutional change carried out by the ordinary legislator, they felt the obligation to provide a jurisprudential turn in response to the demands of a society whose reality is dynamic and changing. The Constitutional Court no longer holds the title of negative legislator but rather, with a much deeper social function, it is in charge of conferring validity and legitimacy to the Constitution. Keywords

  10. Environmental Impact Assessment Law in China's courts: A study of 107 judicial decisions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zining, Jin, E-mail: jinzn@pkusz.edu.cn

    2015-11-15

    The article explores the practices of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Law in China's courts by examining 107 judicial decisions. Each of the 107 judicial decisions has been analyzed to determine the time/location of the decision, what type of EIA document was referred to, what specific claim was made by the plaintiffs, and what the court's ruling was on the case. The results indicate that: unlike in Germany or Japan, all kinds of EIA decisions made by environment protect bureaus (EPBs) in China were widely taken as justiciable, and China's courts generally allowed local residents to have standing and thus challenge the EPBs' decisions made during the EIA process. On the other hand, the research also shows the EPBs overwhelmingly prevailed in those EIA lawsuits. It is also found that China's reviewing judges were highly self-restrained, giving obvious deference to the technocrat with the substantial contents of EIA documents. Also, the concept of “flaw” was created when it came to procedural issues. These two factors, among others, were both helping the EPBs' prevailing successes. - Highlights: • 107 judicial decisions referring to China's EIA law are examined. • The justiciability of EPB's EIA decisions were taken for granted. • The defenders overwhelmingly prevailed in those EIA lawsuits. • The reviewing judges were highly self-restrained, defering to the technocrat with the EIA documents. • A functional concept, “flaw”, was created by reviewing judges when it came to procedural issues.

  11. The Issuance and Transmission of a European Arrest Warrant by the Romanian Judicial Authorities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ion Rusu

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The European arrest warrant is the most important form of judicial cooperation in penal matters within the European Union, which is based on the mutual recognition of criminal judgments. The Europeanlegislative act that governs the institution is the Framework Decision no. 2002/584/JHA of 13 July 2002 on the European arrest warrant and the surrender procedures between Member States, amended and supplemented by the Council Framework Decision of 2009/299/JAI February 26, 2009. Although the first piece of the European legislative act has been transposed into our legislation by the Law no. 302/2004 on international judicial cooperation in criminal matters, with subsequent amendments, the modifying normativeact has not been transposed into national law. The research conducted on the depositions of special law and of the European legislative act, and especially on their implications in the internal and European judiciary practice, demonstrates the existence of some incomplete stipulations, secures the workability of the issuing,transmission and identification, pursuing and handing over the persons wanted by the Romanian judicial authorities in the Member States. A very special situation which is determined by the omission of national and EU legislator, in order to include the category of the persons submitted to the handing over and the minors against whom it was applied an educational and a deprivation of liberty measure, a situation which leads directly to the non execution of such sanctions of the minors. The originality of the work consists of the critical observation and also the proposals of lege ferenda which covers both the Romanian special law and also the European legislative act. At the same time the critical observations are useful not only for Romanian legislator who intends to supplement and modify the special law, but also for our doctrine.

  12. Environmental Impact Assessment Law in China's courts: A study of 107 judicial decisions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The article explores the practices of Environmental Impact Assessment (EIA) Law in China's courts by examining 107 judicial decisions. Each of the 107 judicial decisions has been analyzed to determine the time/location of the decision, what type of EIA document was referred to, what specific claim was made by the plaintiffs, and what the court's ruling was on the case. The results indicate that: unlike in Germany or Japan, all kinds of EIA decisions made by environment protect bureaus (EPBs) in China were widely taken as justiciable, and China's courts generally allowed local residents to have standing and thus challenge the EPBs' decisions made during the EIA process. On the other hand, the research also shows the EPBs overwhelmingly prevailed in those EIA lawsuits. It is also found that China's reviewing judges were highly self-restrained, giving obvious deference to the technocrat with the substantial contents of EIA documents. Also, the concept of “flaw” was created when it came to procedural issues. These two factors, among others, were both helping the EPBs' prevailing successes. - Highlights: • 107 judicial decisions referring to China's EIA law are examined. • The justiciability of EPB's EIA decisions were taken for granted. • The defenders overwhelmingly prevailed in those EIA lawsuits. • The reviewing judges were highly self-restrained, defering to the technocrat with the EIA documents. • A functional concept, “flaw”, was created by reviewing judges when it came to procedural issues

  13. Estudio comparado del Poder Judicial Electrónico en Iberoamérica, 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Miguel Busquets

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo, presentamos el índice del Poder Judicial Electrónico para 8 países de Iberoamérica, a saber: Argentina, Brasil, Costa Rica, Cuba, Chile, España, Portugal y Uruguay. El índice de Poder Judicial Electrónico tiene como objetivo medir el grado de incorporación de las Tecnologías de la Información y la Comunicación (TICs en los Poderes Judiciales. El mismo es el resultado de un relevamiento realizado entre abril y agosto de 2013 a informantes calificados, muchos de ellos integrantes de Universidades que pertenecen a la Red LEFIS (Legal Framework for the Information Society. Entre los resultados significativos de esta investigación encontramos:1 Mientras que las dimensiones de información y gestión del índice son las más desarrolladas, las dimensiones de relación y decisión del mismo índice están mucho menos desarrolladas en el conjunto de los 8 países de Iberoamérica estudiados.2 Con más de un 50 % del índice de Poder Judicial Electrónico desarrollado se encuentran 7 países o sea más de la mitad de los países. De los cuales y en orden decreciente se encuentran Brasil, España, Costa Rica, Portugal, Chile, Argentina, Uruguay y Cuba.

  14. LOS TRATADOS INTERNACIONALES SOBRE DERECHOS HUMANOS Y SU UBICACIÓN EN EL ORDEN NORMATIVO INTERNO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilio Pfeffer Urquiaga

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza la precariedad de la normativa constitucional chilena en materia de incorporación del derecho convencional internacional, tanto en común como específicamente en materia de derechos humanos, pronunciándose sobre la jerarquía de los tratados que contienen derechos humanos de acuerdo con la doctrina y la jurisprudencia, abogando por un pronto desarrollo de normas constitucionales al efecto.This work highlights the precariousness of Chilean Constitutional Law with respect to the incorporation of international conventional Law, both in general and specifically in the area of human rights. The status accorded to human rights treaties by legal scholarship and judicial decisions is examined, and advocacy is advanced for further development of constitutional norms on the matter of incorporation of international treaties on human rights.

  15. El relato de las noticias sobre delito de cuello blanco. La criminalidad de etiqueta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flavia Ivana Ragagnin

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available A partir de las teorías de la comunicación, estudios sobre periodismo, la sociología jurídica, la criminología crítica y las teorías del etiquetamiento, la autora revela cómo desde el relato de los medios de comunicación el tratamiento de la información del delito en la clase social alta es diferente con respecto a la criminalidad común. La violencia simbólica que se sustrae del relato es indicio de esta diferenciación y se torna peligrosa para las instituciones democráticas al normalizar la violencia anómica, la ineficacia judicial y la impunidad.

  16. 司法公正的实现途径探讨%Discussion on the realization way of judicial justice

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐战立

    2012-01-01

    司法公正是法律价值的评价标准,司法公正包括实体公正和程序公正两个方面。实体公正是公正的本源,程序公正是实现实体公正的手段。实体公正具有相对性,程序公正是看得见的公正。实体公正优先论和程序公正决定论皆不可取,在程序公正和实体公正发生冲突时应该坚持程序优先。实现司法公正需做到以下几点:合理配置司法资源,建立能够独立行使司法权的司法体系;建立健全司法监督体系;建立完善的惩治司法腐败的制度。%Judicial justice is the evaluation standard of the legal value, including both substantive justice and pro cedural justice. Substantive justice is the source and procedural justice is the means. Substantive justice is rela tive while procedural justice is visible. When substantive justice clashes with procedural justice, procedural jus tice should be given priority. In order to fulfill judicial justice, judicial resources should be logically allotted, the judicial system which can implement judicial rights independently, the judicial supervision system and the system of publishing judicial corruption should all be established and improved.

  17. Storable Votes and Judicial Nominations in the U.S. Senate

    OpenAIRE

    Alessandra Casella; Sébastien Turban; Gregory J. Wawro

    2014-01-01

    We model a procedural reform aimed at restoring a proper role for the minority in the confirmation process of judicial nominations in the U.S. Senate. We analyze a proposal that would call for nominations to the same level court to be collected in periodic lists and voted upon individually with Storable Votes, allowing each senator to allocate freely a fixed number of total votes. Although each nomination is decided by simple majority, storable votes make it possible for the minority to win o...

  18. El alcance de la discrecionalidad judicial en el derecho penal contemporáneo

    OpenAIRE

    Scheller D'Angelo, André

    2014-01-01

    [ES]La discrecionalidad judicial en el Derecho penal es la herida abierta universal cuya consecuencia más aguda es la ilegitimidad. Pese a los grandes esfuerzos teóricos e inclusive meta- teóricos, las denominadas zonas de penumbra en dónde el juez discrecional en materias punitivas debe moverse como un fantasma en la obscuridad, son latentes y constituyen el principal problema a resolver en el moderno Derecho penal. Toda la dogmática jurídico-penal sin duda, se ha movido históricamente con l...

  19. Evolución institucional argentina: Sistema de gobierno, poder judicial, derechos fundamentales (1975-2005

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Néstor Pedro Sagüés

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available El objeto de este trabajo es presentar -muy esquemáticamente -la evolución producida entre los años 1975/2005 en Argentina, en tres campos: sistema de gobierno, Poder Judicial y derechos fundamentales. En cada caso será necesario distinguir cronológicamente los tramos y subtramos principales. En algunos, acoplar algunas veces datos posteriores al 2005, pero imprescindibles para una recta intelección de la etapa inmediatamente anterior, por su estrecha vinculación con ella.

  20. The Indultados of Tescua: Criminal Rebellion and Judicial Reckoning during the War of the Supremes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joshua M. Rosenthal

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available In 1841 the public of Bogota followed the trial of 22 prisoners charged with the crime of rebellion during the War of the Supremes. Captured while serving as officers at the battle of Tescua, the accused claimed they had been forced to serve in the rebel army. This excuse was ignored and 21 of the defendants were sentenced to death, only to be spared by decrees of indulto in the following months. This article examines the logic behind such judicial reckoning, the narrative strategies employed by the accused in their defense, and the meaning of clemency in the early republic.

  1. Is the Ninth Circuit Too Large? A Statistical Study of Judicial Quality.

    OpenAIRE

    Posner, Richard A.

    2000-01-01

    This paper provides an empirical test of the claim that the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Ninth Circuit has too many judges to be able to do a good job. Reversals (especially summary reversals) by the Supreme Court and citations are used as proxies for quality of judicial output. The overall conclusion is that (1) adding judgeships tends to reduce the quality of a court's output and (2) the Ninth Circuit's uniquely high rate of being summarily reversed by the Supreme Court (a) is probably not...

  2. Understanding the Service Quality Perception Gaps between Judicial Servants and Judiciary Users

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Murillo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Judiciary service user expectations are usually not the same as ideas harbored in the minds of civil servants delivering such services. This discrepancy matches the definition of the service delivery GAP 1, as identified and assessed by SERVQUAL (Service Quality, a tool that for almost three decades has been employed worldwide in measuring service quality in many different industries and countries, in both private and public organizations. Through participant observation, semi-structured interviews and empirical data collected by SERVQUAL, this paper focuses on assessing this service delivery GAP 1 for the Second Court of Appeal within Costa Rica’s Judicial Branch.

  3. Competencias del actuario del poder judicial federal en México: una perspectiva administrativa.

    OpenAIRE

    Juan Blas Arriaga Huerta; Fernando Lámbarry Vilchis; Luis Arturo Rivas Tovar

    2014-01-01

    El perfil por competencias establecido por el Consejo de la Judicatura Federal de México para el cargo de actuario judicial (quien funge como auxiliar de magistrados y jueces) tiene una definición incipiente que limita una eventual gestión de su función jurisdiccional. Con el interés de aportar a la resolución de esta problemática, el objetivo de este trabajo de investigación es proponer un modelo del perfil por competencias de los actuarios judiciales de tribunal de circuito y juzgado de dis...

  4. The Indultados of Tescua: Criminal Rebellion and Judicial Reckoning during the War of the Supremes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JOSHUA M ROSENTHAL

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In 1841 the public of Bogotá followed the trial of 22 prisoners charged with the crime of rebellion during the War of the Supremes. Captured while serving as officers at the battle of Tescua, the accused claimed they had been forced to serve in the rebel army. This excuse was ignored and 21 of the defendants were sentenced to death, only to be spared by decrees of indulto in the following months. This article examines the logic behind such judicial reckoning, the narrative strategies employed by the accused in their defense, and the meaning of clemency in the early republic.

  5. Judicial Loyalty Through Dissent or Why The Timing is Perfect for Belgium to Embrace Separate Opinions

    OpenAIRE

    Nelissen, Bart

    2011-01-01

    Belgian judges may well be among the loneliest of their peers due to Belgium’s legal framework. In an attempt to counter this unfortunate situation, we will start by outlining some contours of “judicial loneliness” in Belgium through a brief discussion of secrecy of deliberations, the wide-spread unus iudex practice, as well as a more recent phenomenon: judges who ventilate certain aspirations and/or frustrations often end up being the epicenter of fierce public polemics. Secondly, we will em...

  6. Gobierno electrónico: posibilidades en el ámbito judicial

    OpenAIRE

    José Julio Fernández Rodríguez

    2012-01-01

    El presente trabajo aborda, en primer lugar, las fortalezas y debilidades del e-gobierno desde elpunto de vista de la actividad judicial. Tras ello se esquematiza la metodología que se podría seguir para su concreto desarrollo. La segunda parte del artículo examina la reciente ley española que regula del uso de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación en la Administraciónde Justicia. Se trata de una ley ambiciosay sistemática, pero cuya aplicación puede verse retrasada por restricc...

  7. Gobierno electrónico: posibilidades en el ámbito judicial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Julio Fernández Rodríguez

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo aborda, en primer lugar, las fortalezas y debilidades del e-gobierno desde elpunto de vista de la actividad judicial. Tras ello se esquematiza la metodología que se podría seguir para su concreto desarrollo. La segunda parte del artículo examina la reciente ley española que regula del uso de las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación en la Administraciónde Justicia. Se trata de una ley ambiciosay sistemática, pero cuya aplicación puede verse retrasada por restricciones presupuestarias.

  8. LIMITES CONSTITUCIONALES Y LEGALES DE LOS FUNCIONARIOS DE POLICIA JUDICIAL EN LA INVESTIGACION DEL DELITO

    OpenAIRE

    Daza Gonzalez, Alfonso

    2014-01-01

    Se estudian y analizan en este artículo el conjunto de derechos contenidos en la Constitución Política de 1991 y en los tratados internacionales de Derechos Humanos.Dicho cuerpo normativo establece los límites dentro de los cuales se deben mover los funcionarios de policía judicial en el desarrollo de sus investigaciones.El desconocimiento de estos límites conlleva a que se declare ilegal la actuación, se excluyan los elementos materiales y evidencia física, obtenidos en dicho procedimiento, ...

  9. Breve informe sobre la coca

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    Lauro Hinostroza García

    1985-12-01

    Full Text Available El presente informe se integra en la investigación dirigida por el doctor Juan Ossio, por encargo de la Organización de los Estados Americanos (O.E.A. sobre “EFECTOS SOCIALES, CULTURALES, MÉDICOS Y ECONÓMICOS DEL USO TRADICIONAL DE LA COCA EN POBLACIONES DEL ANTIPLANO Y SIERRA DEL PERÚ, EN ESPECIAL DE LAS POBLACIONES INDÍGENAS”. Expone tópicos sobre la hoja de coca en la cultura andina: criterios clasificatorios, mitos, canciones y una muestra de qatipay o seguimiento. Este último es una práctica ritual importante para el campesinado andino, orienta el presente, pasado y futuro de toda su actividad. Cada hoja, por su forma, posición y tamaño, develará los roles sociales que ha de asumir, es decir los misterios del tiempo.

  10. Sobre la verdad en periodismo

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    Julio Estremadoyro Alegre

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Cuando un periodista informa sobre un desastre natural, con granpérdida de vidas, las autoridades y las fuentes de primera manodan cifras que son difundidas como verdades del suceso. Sinembargo, y la experiencia lo confirma, al día siguiente la cifraspueden haber cambiado y, por lo tanto, la verdad informativa esotra. Y así, sucesivamente, cada día habrá novedades y nuevas cifras verdaderas.

  11. An Irresistible Inheritance: Republican Judicial Modernization and Its Legacies to the People’s Republic of China

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    Glenn Tiffert

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Commentators have long treated the Republican and People’s Republic of China (PRC judicial systems in nearly hermetic isolation from each other. Yet it is impossible to grasp fully the history of the PRC judicial system independent of its Republican heritage, and to decouple the two is therefore to foreclose critical avenues of understanding. As a step toward repairing that rupture, this paper specifies the configurations and distributions of courts, as well as the discourses of judicial malaise and reform that the Republican period deposited on the doorstep of the PRC. It establishes the necessary empirical foundation from which to appreciate the institutional deficits and imbalances, developmental dilemmas, and normative discourses that confronted Chinese Communist Party (CCP judicial planners in 1949, and it equips the reader to understand the planners’ responses—not just through the lens of ideology but also as reasoned reactions to concrete, practical problems. Additionally, this paper suggests that memory of the Republican judicial system served as a repository of value from which to shape, assess, and comprehend law’s fate in the PRC.

  12. Judicialização ou juridicização? As instituições jurídicas e suas estratégias na saúde Judicialization or juridicization? Legal institutions and their strategies in health

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    Felipe Dutra Asensi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available A história da formação do campo da saúde no Brasil foi feita de incontáveis disputas. Em 1988, a Assembleia Constituinte, no rastro do processo de redemocratização do país, foi a principal arena desses embates, cujo resultado, lavrado na Carta Magna, apontava finalmente para a transformação das políticas sociais no Brasil. Obtivemos o direito de cidadania como estatuto essencial de nossa nacionalidade, e o direito à saúde como princípio de cidadania. No contexto de efetivação de direitos, observa-se a discussão sobre as instituições jurídicas, com especial destaque para o Ministério Público, Defensoria Pública e Judiciário. Observa-se que a efetivação do direito à saúde envolve a preservação da continuidade das políticas públicas por meio do diálogo. Deste modo, os conflitos políticos sofrem muito mais uma juridicização (conflitos são discutidos sob o ponto de vista jurídico do que uma judicialização (ao máximo, se evita levá-los ao Judiciário, pois a intenção consiste em evitar a via judicial e adotar múltiplas estratégias e pactuações extrajudiciais. A possibilidade de atuar de forma independente permite o destaque político do MP como mediador na saúde. A própria ideia de direito à saúde passa a receber um novo significado, que engloba um caráter interdisciplinar, o que amplia as possibilidades de atuação do MP em sua garantia e auxilia na própria defesa de uma política de saúde duradoura que vise a aproximar o mundo do direito do mundo dos fatos.The history of the health sector formation in Brazil was made of countless disputes. In 1988, the Constituent Assembly in the wake of the democratization process in the country, was the main arena of these struggles; the result, drawn in the Constitution, finally pointed to the transformation of social policies in Brazil. We obtained the citizenship right as essential status to our nationality and the right to health as a principle of

  13. La relevancia de la custodia de la evidencia en la investigación judicial

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    Federico Campos

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available La cadena custodia de la evidencia en la Investigación Judicial es indispensable y debe garantizarse en todo momento a fin de que la búsqueda de la verdad real de un hecho delictivo no quede convertida en prueba espurea o ilícita por una actividad procesal defectuosa. En el presente ensayo se hace un generoso esfuerzo por poner juntas todas las normas y legislaciones que tienen como fin dar garantía científica plena de lo analizado.The custody chain of the evidence in the Judicial lnvestigation is indispensable and must be garantied at all times with the purpose of ensuring the investigation of the truth in a delictive act will not turn into an ilegal proof because of a defective procesal activity. In this essay we make a generous effort to put together all the laws and rules that have something to give plain cientific guarante of the investigated situation.

  14. Separate and Unequal: Judicial Culture, Employment Qualifications and Muslim Headscarf Debates

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    Joyce Marie Mushaben

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Few European lawmakers have analyzed the implications of Muslim headscarf bans for equal employment opportunity. EU anti-discrimination directives suggest that contradictory member-state approaches will eventually invoke a judicial Community response at national expense. Drawing on the bona fide occupational qualification (BFOQ standard, this study compares the “judicial cultures” of the U.S. Supreme Court, the German Constitutional Court, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR and the European Court of Justice (ECJ. It argues that while the ECJ initially invoked Roman law precepts shared by a majority of its member-states through the 1980s, it has come to embrace Anglo-American norms stressing individual freedoms over state interests. Given their strong support for equal treatment and social inclusion, EU justices will be more likely than member-state or ECHR judges to overturn existing bans on hejab at the workplace, once such a case makes its way onto the ECJ docket.

  15. STANDARDIZATION OF MACEDONIAN’S JUDICIAL PRACTICE WITH THE ECTHR JURISPRUDENCE

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    Elena ANDREEVSKA

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The role of the Strasbourg Court acquires controlling dimension in the application of human rights. Measures taken at national level, should provide effective domestic remedies, to strengthen the national legal order and to bring it closer to compliance with the European Convention on Human Rights (ECHR and the legal practice of the Court. Macedonia amended the Law on Courts in 2008, and accepted a very significant solution, thus enabling direct application of the ECHR case-law by the Supreme Court of the Republic of Macedonia, when deciding on trials within a reasonable time. However, should be keep in mind that the Committee of the Ministers, in 2004 already, noted that Convention is integral part of the national law in totality of the States Parties. The consequences of this integration are of primary importance in the context of Macedonian’s judicial practice. Thus, a fundamental question which arises today consists in knowing if the national judge can really apply not only Convention but also the decisions of the Court, if necessary with the detriment of the contrary national law. In this respect, I took note with the country experiences where the decisions of the Court are applied directly by national authorities, the Macedonian legal system and in this context the needs of judicial reforms.

  16. The Aegean Dispute in the Context of Contemporary Judicial Decisions on Maritime Delimitation

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    Petros Siousiouras

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS is the principal international law document, which regulates the establishment of the maritime economic zones, namely the Continental Shelf (CS and the Exclusive Economic Zone (ΕΕΖ as well as any issues that may come up during their delimitation. Maritime delimitation issues are settled either through state agreements or through legal redress before the respective international tribunals. In this context, the aim of this paper is to elaborate on the delimitation prospect concerning a Greek CS/EEZ based on contemporary conventional and customary international law of the sea, in addition to contemporary judicial decisions. More specifically, the analysis focuses on dispute issues in the region of the Aegean Sea and the Eastern Mediterranean, between Greece and its neighboring country Turkey, concerning the CS/EEZ delimitation. An attempt is made to critically compare this case to the outcome of recent relevant international judicial decisions by highlighting not only the common points but also any differences and complexities. The main purpose is to render the reader aware of the special treatment needed for the case in question, with the expectation for a fair future delimitation of the Greek maritime economic zones.

  17. ADMINISTRATIVE AND JUDICIAL REFORMS IN DAGESTAN IN THE ХIХ CENTURY

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    Asma Gadjievna MUSAEVA

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The article highlights the studies of the administrative-judicial reforms in Dagestan in the second half of the 19th century. These issues have always been in the centre of scientists’ attention. The studies imply a complex of issues related to the state and political structures on the territory of Dagestan in the first half of the 19th century, the legal system of Dagestan during the whole 19th century, and the administrative-judicial reforms in the second half of the 19th century. Having curbed the mountaineers as a result of more than 30 years of bloody war, the tsarist government had to seek ways and methods of their involvement in the system of political, administrative, economic and cultural life of the Russian Empire. Thus, the Russian government adopted the decision on forming a new administrative entity the Dagestan region (oblast, with the so called “military-folk” governance. Though it was introduced in Dagestan as a temporary form of governance, it existed until the overthrow of tsarism in 1917. 

  18. Systemic interpretation and the judicial recovery of the possibility for companies in common

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    Juliana Hinterlang dos Santos Costa

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The Company in common was introduced by Brazilian law from the Civil Code of 2002 in its articles 986 to 990. In the previous period it was analyzed from the irregular company name or company and fact. The first was characterized by having written contract, but this was not brought to registration with the competent body and the second when there was no social contract. This study aims to analyze the figure of the Company in common, in the current legal system, from the majority interpretation that does not recognize the right to judicial recovery. It points out that this interpretation ignores: i principles governing the legal system and the economic subsystem; and ii that the current legislation allows their accountability before legal duties in labor spheres, tax, competitive and consumer. Under these main arguments is that they have highlighted the systematic interpretation to defend the right to judicial or extrajudicial recovery. So effective is legal certainty material.    Arraste e solte o arquivo ou link aqui para traduzir o documento ou a página da Web.Arraste e solte o link aqui para traduzir a página da Web.O tipo de arquivo que você soltou não é suportado. Tente outros tipos de arquivo.O tipo de link que você soltou não é suportado. Tente outros tipos de link. 

  19. THE EU DIRECTIVE ON MEDIATION IN CIVIL AND COMMERCIAL MATTERS AND THE PRINCIPLE OF EFFECTIVE JUDICIAL PROTECTION

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    Antonio Maria MARZOCCO

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The essay concerns the implications of EU Directive 2008/52/EC regarding mediation in civil and commercial matters on the right of effective judicial protection. After having underlined the importance assumed in the European Union by alternative dispute resolution, the essay examines the stages that led European institutions to the adoption of the Directive on mediation in civil and commercial matters. The article addresses the aims and the scope of the Directive and subsequently focuses its attention on Directive dispositions regulating the “key aspects” of civil procedure. The essay emphasizes that the Directive, in substance, allows both optional mediation and compulsory mediation. However, compulsory mediation can contrast with the principle of effective judicial protection. Furthermore, the essay deals with the relationship between compulsory mediation and the principle of effective judicial protection, and identifies, examining a recent pronouncement of the EU Court of Justice, the needed requisites to be respected in order that such contrast does not occur.

  20. Invisibles en Antioquia 1886-1936. Una arqueología de los discursos sobre la homosexualidad [Reseña

    OpenAIRE

    Bustamante Tejada, Walter Alonso; López Díaz, Yolanda

    2003-01-01

    A partir del examen de expedientes del archivo histórico judicial de Medellín, de la revisión de la legislación pertinente y de los debates en el Congreso, el autor analiza los discursos religiosos, jurídicos, médicos y educativos que sobre la homosexualidad circularon en Antioquia durante 1886 y 1936, sus atribuciones como pecado o vicio lujurioso, como delito, como enfermedad o como desadaptación o transgresión y las exigencias de expiación, reparación, medicación y reeducación a quienes la...

  1. Influencia de los Congresos sobre el proceso de las políticas públicas y las burocracias: los casos de Chile y Perú

    OpenAIRE

    Patriau Hildebrandt, César Enrique

    2015-01-01

    [ES] La tesis doctoral discute, en general, acerca de la labor de control que el Poder Legislativo puede ejercer sobre los actos de gobierno, en específico en lo que atañe a la formulación y la implementación de las políticas públicas. Diversos actores intervienen ¿de manera simultánea¿ en ese proceso, entre ellos el Poder Ejecutivo, el Poder Legislativo, el Poder Judicial, la burocracia estatal, los partidos políticos, las organizaciones privadas, entre otros, cada uno de ellos con sus respe...

  2. El activismo estadounidense en derechos humanos y el Plan Colombia.

    OpenAIRE

    Winifred Tate.

    2009-01-01

    Non-governmental organizations claim to play a central role in defining U.S. foreign policy, particularly in the field of human rights. Here, I will examine the role of human rights and humanitarian groups in the debates over U.S. foreign policy towards Colombia, focusing on the design and subsequent additional appropriations for Plan Colombia, a multi-billion dollar aid package beginning in 2000. I argue that NGOs were able to build on the legacy of prior human rights activism focusing on La...

  3. El activismo estadounidense en derechos humanos y el Plan Colombia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Winifred Tate.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Non-governmental organizations claim to play a central role in defining U.S. foreign policy, particularly in the field of human rights. Here, I will examine the role of human rights and humanitarian groups in the debates over U.S. foreign policy towards Colombia, focusing on the design and subsequent additional appropriations for Plan Colombia, a multi-billion dollar aid package beginning in 2000. I argue that NGOs were able to build on the legacy of prior human rights activism focusing on Latin America, but failed to achieve significant grassroots mobilization around this issue. I examine the structural issues limiting such mobilization, as well as exploring how NGOs did leverage legislative conditions placed on the assistance package to keep human rights concerns part of the debates over U.S. policy. This case study will contribute to the historical record of how policy is made and developed, adding to the growing literature exploring how human rights claims translate into specific governmental policies.

  4. El Derecho a la Tutela Judicial y al Debido Proceso en la Jurisprudencia del Tribunal Constitucional Chileno

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    Gonzalo García Pino

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El texto propone un esquema conceptual que sistematiza la jurisprudencia del Tribunal Constitucional chileno en materia del derecho a la tutela judicial y al debido proceso. Tomando en consideración la doctrina reciente, el texto elabora categorías dogmáticas para diferenciar las potestades y componentes del derecho a la tutela judicial del debido proceso. Los autores concluyen que ambos derechos son de creciente desarrollo conceptual por la jurisprudencia constitucional chilena y que su sistematización dotaría de mayor certeza jurídica a las decisiones del Tribunal Constitucional.

  5. Instruments and Criteria for Research and Analysis of the Internet Visibility of Bulgarian Judicial Institutions WEB-Space*

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    Nayden Valkov Nenkov

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available e-Justice has been under discussion at European level since 2007. The article describes some tools and displays objective criteria for evaluating the WEB-pages of judicial institutions in Bulgaria. A methodology is offered in order to improve the organization and functioning of the judicial institutions. It is used to conduct experimental tests for analysis and assessment of the main characteristics of the Bulgaria courts’ WEB-sites. The results provide grounds for findings and recommendations leading to improved communication and the presence of these institutions in the WEB.

  6. Relaciones entre el Congreso Nacional y el Poder Judicial: La Importancia de la Apertura

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    Sebastián Soto Velasco

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo analiza las relaciones entre el Congreso Nacional y el Poder Judicial a través de dos instituciones existentes en nuestro ordenamiento: el proceso de nombramiento de Ministros de la Corte Suprema y los informes que esta última envía al Congreso Nacional en ciertos proyectos de ley. En el caso de las nominaciones de Ministros a la Corte Suprema se estudia como ha operado el sistema desde la incorporación del Senado en 1997 hasta el año 2005. Se analiza cómo la transparencia del proceso, la posibilidad de conocer la historia profesional del nominado y audiencias abiertas contribuirían a incentivar una decisión centrada en criterios de calidad. El documento también se centra en el contenido y la influencia de los informes que envía la Corte Suprema al Congreso Nacional con ocasión de la tramitación de proyectos de ley que contienen normas que modifican la organización o atribuciones de los tribunales de justicia. En esta instancia, permitir el acceso a los informes también tendría positivas consecuencias. En definitiva, aunque hay otras vías de comunicación entre el Congreso y el Poder Judicial, se profundiza únicamente en las mencionadas pues del estudio se concluye que ambas tenderían a aumentar el potencial que de suyo ya tienen si se incorpora apertura en los procesosThis paper analyzes the relationship between the Chilean Congress and Judicial power, focusing on two institutions: the nomination process to appoint Supreme Court justices and the reports that the Supreme Court is constitutionally obligated to send to the Congress when specific types of bills are introduced. The appointment of Supreme Court candidates is studied from the Senate's incorporation in the process from 1997 until 2005. The author states that a more transparent process, including the publication of the candidate's backgrounds and public hearings, would increase the incentives to nominate the most qualified candidates. The paper also

  7. Nota sobre Keynes y Brentano

    OpenAIRE

    Crespo, Ricardo F.; IAE (Universidad Austral) y CONICET

    2013-01-01

    Este trabajo explora la posibilidad de una relación entre el pensamiento de John Maynard Keynes y el del filósofo alemán Franz Brentano (1839-1917) en los campos lógico y epistemológico. George E. Moore -profesor de Keynes- y Keynes mismo leyeron y alabaron el libro de Brentano El origen del conocimiento moral (1889). ¿Tomó Keynes algunas ideas lógicas o epistemológicas de Brentano? El trabajo sugiere que, a pesar de ciertas similitudes entre las ideas lógicas y sobre la verdad de Keynes y Br...

  8. Thomas Hobbes: sobre el miedo

    OpenAIRE

    Carlos Bührle

    2004-01-01

    Este trabajo pretende echar cierta luz sobre el papel del miedo en el pensamiento político de Hobbes. Sabido es que esta pasión subyace al contrato social, en el sentido de que impulsa al hombre a abandonar el estado de naturaleza a fin de encontrar seguridad y de deshacerse de la amenaza de la muerte violenta. Teniendo en cuenta que el miedo y la muerte son inseparables en la filosofía de Hobbes, surge una pregunta fundamental: ¿hasta qué punto podemos decir que el miedo desaparece completam...

  9. Modelos ambientales sobre la vejez

    OpenAIRE

    Izal, María; Fernández-Ballesteros, Rocío

    1990-01-01

    La perspectiva ambiental en el estudio de la vejez es probablemente un ámbito poco conocido. En este trabajo se expone una revisión crítica de los principales modelos de explicación de las relaciones ambiente-conducta en la vejez. Finalmente, se discute sobre la superación de algunas limitaciones presentes en estas formulaciones teóricas, presentándose posibles alternativas teóricas y metodológicas para el desarrollo de esta área.

  10. Historicismo: notas sobre um paradigma

    OpenAIRE

    José D’Assunção Barros

    2012-01-01

    Este artigo tem por objetivo desenvolver algumas considerações sobre o Historicismo e sua possibilidade de ser examinado como um dos paradigmas que concorrem para o estabelecimento de uma história científica no século XIX. O primeiro ponto tratado é relativo às origens do paradigma Historicista na transição do século XVIII para o século XIX. Na sequência, aproximamo-nos da apropriação conservadora do paradigma historicista no novo contexto no qual a burguesia européia está assentada no Poder,...

  11. Entorno colaborativo sobre laboratorios remotos

    OpenAIRE

    Grosclaude, Eduardo; Sznek, Jorge Eduardo; Ramos Garcia, Vicente; Bertogna, Mario Leandro; López Luro, Francisco; Zanellato, Claudio

    2006-01-01

    El proyecto de investigación Software para Procesos Colaborativos incluye una línea de acción sobre el desarrollo de experiencias en Laboratorios Remotos. Esta línea está dedicada a complementar las tareas de aprendizaje con un soporte tecnológico de sistemas, entendido como todas aquellas actividades de infraestructura que promuevan la disponibilidad de recursos y apoyen la escalabilidad de procesos en la tarea educativa apuntalada por tecnologías de información. En este trabajo se describe ...

  12. Análisis de la mediación en sede judicial laboral venezolana

    OpenAIRE

    Irene María Vanderlinder de Hernández

    2014-01-01

    La presente investigación analiza la función mediadora del Juez en el Proceso Laboral Venezolano, a través de una Investigación Jurídica establecida por dos poblaciones una conformada en primer lugar por Jueces del Trabajo de la Circunscripción Judicial del Estado Trujillo y la segunda población conformada por las partes intervinientes en el proceso de mediación, las cuáles aportaron información a través de cuestionario validado. Atendiendo a la mediación como una institución de resolución de...

  13. The consideration of ecological safety in judicial practice-also on the ecological safety legislation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    L(U) Zhongmei

    2006-01-01

    Ecological safety has been one of the hot issues of environmental law in recent years.The maintenance of ecological safety has become one of the legislative principles,as exemplified by the revision of the Law of Sand Prevention and Sand.Management and the Law against Solid Waste Environmental Pollution,and the relevant rules that will be established.However actual cases will still happen,whether the legislators have made the statutory law or not.While scholars and legislators are debating,the judges have to handle cases and render judgments.Through the analysis of a case,this article will discuss the feasibility for judges to make ecological safety considerations in the judicial process by applying the principle of good faith and will also discuss the legislative issues related to ecological safety.

  14. Playing dice with criminal sentences: the influence of irrelevant anchors on experts' judicial decision making.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Englich, Birte; Mussweiler, Thomas; Strack, Fritz

    2006-02-01

    Judicial sentencing decisions should be guided by facts, not by chance. The present research however demonstrates that the sentencing decisions of experienced legal professionals are influenced by irrelevant sentencing demands even if they are blatantly determined at random. Participating legal experts anchored their sentencing decisions on a given sentencing demand and assimilated toward it even if this demand came from an irrelevant source (Study 1), they were informed that this demand was randomly determined (Study 2), or they randomly determined this demand themselves by throwing dice (Study 3). Expertise and experience did not reduce this effect. This sentencing bias appears to be produced by a selective increase in the accessibility of arguments that are consistent with the random sentencing demand: The accessibility of incriminating arguments was higher if participants were confronted with a high rather than a low anchor (Study 4). Practical and theoretical implications of this research are discussed.

  15. WHITHER ISLAMIC LEGAL REASONING? The Law and Judicial Reasoning of The Religious Courts

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    Ahmad Rofii

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the judicial reasoning employed by the religious courts in giving decisions on inheritance, particularly since the promulgation of the 1991 Compilation of Islamic Law. It seeks to examine whether these courts use Islamic legal reasoning. This paper argues that the structure of the courts’ decisions is to be found in most Civil Law courts. It then offers three different approaches of reasoning employed by the religious courts in their decisions on inheritance: the use of the legislations particularly the Compilation as the sole source of deductive reasoning, the combination of the legislations and the Islamic sources which share the same implication, and the application of Islamic legal reasoning with the emphasis on the objectives of Islamic law (maqāsid al-sharī‘a which does not contradict the legislations. Although Islamic legal reasoning is employed, in most cases the decisions are simple and straightforward.

  16. Brief Report: Judicial Attitudes Regarding the Sentencing of Offenders with High Functioning Autism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berryessa, Colleen M

    2016-08-01

    This brief report presents preliminary data on the attitudes of judges on the sentencing of offenders with High Functioning Autism (HFA). Semi-structured telephone interviews were conducted with twenty-one California Superior Court Judges. Interviews were qualitatively coded and constant comparative analysis was utilized. Findings revealed that judges consider HFA as both a mitigating and aggravating factor in sentencing, and knowledge of an offender's disorder could potentially help judges understand why a criminal action might have been committed. Judges voiced concerns about the criminal justice system being able to effectively help or offer sentencing options for offenders with HFA. Finally, judges reported that they are focused on using their judicial powers and influence to provide treatment and other resources during sentencing. PMID:27106568

  17. Discussion on Judicial Fairness%浅议司法的公正性

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯龙良

    2011-01-01

    The judicial fairness means judges should insist on and embody fairness and justice in the process of judicature and judgment. It combines procedural justice with substantive justice, unify general fairness and individual fairness, and integrate equity and efficiency.%司法公正是指司法审判人员在司法和审判活动的过程和结果中应坚持和体现公平和正义的原则.它以实体公正和程序公正相结合,一般公正和个别公正相统一,公平与效率相一致为特点.

  18. The transformative power of EU: An Assessment of EU impact in the judicial system of Kosovo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bahrie Besimi

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available In the process of EU integration, the aspiring and potential candidate countries have undergone a major process of reforms. The question that is aroused in this sense is to what extent the EU has had transformative power and impacted the internal judicial structures of Kosovo and under which conditions the EU is more effective. This article analyzes the findings of the Progress reports for a ten-year period (2005 – 2015 and the extent of the EU impact. It uses the conceptual and rational framework of external incentives model and argues that the EU impact in the judiciary system of Kosovo is crucial considering the starting low phase of reforms in Kosovo.

  19. Aspectos de la extracción de órganos y tejidos que pueden interferir en la investigación judicial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Ramos Medina

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available La donación de órganos y tejidos de personas fallecidas es uno de los recursos más importantes con los que cuenta la medicina actual para ayudar a pacientes afectos de graves procesos patológicos, que generalmente ponen en peligro sus vidas. La Organización Nacional de Trasplantes en España realiza una labor meritoria, y representa un modelo en todo el mundo. En los casos de muerte violenta o sospechosa de criminalidad se precisa la autorización judicial para esta extracción, y recae en el médico forense la responsabilidad de emitir un dictamen sobre si la extracción puede o no interferir en la investigación de la causa de la muerte y sus circunstancias. Se debate entre la labor pericial del médico forense y su función sociosanitaria para salvar vidas. Se hace una revisión de la literatura médica, que en general defiende reducir al máximo las negativas a la extracción, o al menos que estas sean parciales. Se señala la intervención del médico forense en los casos que pueden ser más polémicos. La mejor coordinación entre los equipos de extracción, los médicos forenses e incluso las familias puede disminuir la tasa de negativas judiciales a la extracción, globalmente una de las más bajas del mundo.

  20. Análisis de la mediación en sede judicial laboral venezolana

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    Irene María Vanderlinder de Hernández

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La presente investigación analiza la función mediadora del Juez en el Proceso Laboral Venezolano, a través de una Investigación Jurídica establecida por dos poblaciones una conformada en primer lugar por Jueces del Trabajo de la Circunscripción Judicial del Estado Trujillo y la segunda población conformada por las partes intervinientes en el proceso de mediación, las cuáles aportaron información a través de cuestionario validado. Atendiendo a la mediación como una institución de resolución de conflictos necesaria en la fase inicial durante el proceso laboral, por cuanto su vigencia en sede judicial deviene de mandato legal, y el papel fundamental que desempeñan las partes como protagonistas del proceso, permite que se proporcionen su propia decisión emanada de la autonomía de la voluntad asistida por la orientación del Juez Mediador, quien garantiza la irrenunciabilidad de los derechos laborales.Se concluye que la mediación no debe suplir la autocomposición de los conflictos laborales por los propios protagonistas del proceso, debiéndose considerar como un instrumento de ayuda a las partes. Se recomienda, en líneas generales, a los jueces mantener la imparcialidad y neutralidad en la función mediadora; emprendiendo un rol más activo como tercero interventor sin inducir a arreglos que no satisfacen las pretensiones de las partes.

  1. Notas sobre a posição jurídica processual do assistente simples

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    Luiz de França Costa Filho

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available Regarding the simple privy’s juridical interest in the outcome of the process, there is not a doctrinarian discrepancy in the understanding that the privy has freedom to act in the procedure, excepts in his powers towards the material law that is argued in the judicial proceeding. Still, there is not an unanimity in doctrine about the nature of procedure position of the privy in the simple adhesive intervention. This essays analyzes the fundamentals that give live to the doctrinal standpoints.Dado o interesse jurídico do assistente simples no resultado do processo, não existe discrepância doutrinária no que diz respeito ao entendimento de que tem ele liberdade de atuação processual, exceto no que diz respeito a atos de disposição sobre o direito material controvertido no processo intervindo. Sobre a natureza da posição processual do assistente na intervenção adesiva simples, não reina unanimidade na doutrina. O presente trabalho analisa os fundamentos que animam as posições doutrinárias.

  2. Contesting Law and Order: Legal and Judicial Reform in Southern Thailand in the Late Nineteenth to Early Twentieth Century

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    Piyada Chonlaworn

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines legal and judicial reform in Thailand (then Siam imposed in the southern Malay provinces, once a sultanate kingdom of Pattani, in the 1890s and 1910s. Legal and judicial reform was one of the three main reforms Siam imposed countrywide at the end of the nineteenth century as an attempt to modernize the country and defend it against Western colonial powers. However, Siam’s rule and reform in the Malay region, especially during the reign of King Chulalongkorn, is viewed by recent studies as colonial modernity in itself. These measures included the appointment of a Siamese commissioner in the Malay region, the enforcement of Thai law, and Siam’s endeavor to preserve local practices such as Islamic family law and courts, which resembled those of the British and Dutch East Indies. While the notion of Siam’s inner colonialism is not entirely wrong, this paper argues that there is also another side of the coin that should be considered especially when looking from legal and judicial perspective. Right after a new regulation was imposed in 1901, it was clear that local people were ready to make use of the new judicial system. This is partly because the new system, regardless of its shortcomings, gave local people, including Malay ruling elites, opportunities to file cases against their enemies or demand justice.

  3. Judicial control of administrative activity and advantages of reorganization of the juridical system in the Republic of Kosovo

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    Florent Muçaj

    2016-01-01

    In the last part of the paper there are clear and consistent conclusions and significant recommendations relating to general views about judicial control, with particular emphasis on their practical implementation in the Republic of Kosovo and the way of adjustment with the reforms in the field of administrative justice which are at the beginnings of the implementation.

  4. On Judicial Governance of Administrative Discretion%论行政裁量的司法治理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾大松; 周佑勇

    2012-01-01

    功能主义建构模式下,行政裁量的司法审查应实现控制向治理的重心转移。司法审查对行政规则的尊重,尚不能构成司法审查标准向行政法原则的转化,因此需要遵循法律系统发展的逻辑,实现从规则到原则的抽象化过程。最高人民法院通过典型案例的抽象,在很大程度上推进了行政裁量司法审查标准的原则化。%Under the functionalist building mode, the judicial review of administrative discretion should transfer emphasis from control to governance. Although the field of judicial review of administrative discretion, the court adopted the administrative rules with respect, but has not achieved the standard of judicial review of the conversion to the principles of administrative law, so need to follow the logic of the legal system development, and promote the process from rules to principles. Supreme Court through a typical ease of abstraction, in large part to promote the standard of judicial review of administrative discretion of the principle.

  5. 77 FR 22328 - Guidance for Industry on the Judicious Use of Medically Important Antimicrobial Drugs in Food...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-13

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Guidance for Industry on the Judicious Use of Medically Important Antimicrobial Drugs in Food-Producing Animals; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability...

  6. Estudio del síndrome de asperger desde la perspectiva psicológica forense. Un estudio sobre la percepción jurídica del síndrome, aspectos cognitivos, clínicos y aproximación a la valoración psicológica forense.

    OpenAIRE

    Garrido Gaitán, Elena

    2016-01-01

    En este trabajo se realiza un estudio integral sobre el Síndrome de Asperger y el trato que el mismo recibe a nivel forense y judicial en nuestro territorio. Así, se realiza un estudio sobre el propio Síndrome, intentando comprender mejor su realidad a nivel de diagnóstico, de prevalencia y etiología así como sus comorbilidades y aspectos de carácter cognitivo, para poder avanzar a una mayor comprensión de los aspectos vinculados con el entorno forense en caso de que los afectados por este...

  7. Recursos y enlaces sobre comunidades de aprendizaje

    OpenAIRE

    Ferrer Esteban, Gerard

    2005-01-01

    Obras y artículos sobre el proyecto Comunidades de Aprendizaje desarrollado en el Estado español. Tesis doctorales sobre comunidades de aprendizaje. Fundamentación teórica de las comunidades de aprendizaje. Sitios en Internet relacionados con las comunidades de aprendizaje y proyectos afines de desarrollo comunitario en contextos escolares.

  8. On GAMER, plataforma de continguts sobre videojocs

    OpenAIRE

    Villegas Bonachera, José Ricardo

    2015-01-01

    Desenvolupament d'una plana web amb disseny responsiu sobre videojocs en català a partir del gestor de continguts WordPress. Desarrollo de una página web con diseño responsivo sobre videojuegos en catalán a partir del gestor de contenidos WordPress. Bachelor thesis for the Multimedia program on Computer Science.

  9. Escenarios sobre el orden internacional

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    Luis Dallanegra Pedraza

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Luego de las grandes cambios que se dieron con la caída del Muro de Berlín y la desintegración en la URSS, se analizan, desde una perspectiva realista-sistémicaestructural, los componentes que intervienen en la generación del orden mundial, qué factores intervienen y cuáles son las diferentes aspiraciones respecto de las características que debería tener. Se tiene en especial consideración la creciente heterogeneización del sistema y la manera en que actores transnacionales operan como motores del futuro orden, predominando por sobre las posibilidades del actor históricamente dominante: el Estado-Nación. Se estudian las características principales del funcionamiento del sistema internacional y el significado de su marco institucional.

  10. Constitucional sobre la justicia ordinaria

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    José Luis Cea Egaña

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza el efecto vinculante y de irradiación de las sentencias del Tribunal Constitucional sobre el conjunto del ordenamiento jurídico y de sus órganos. El autor toma partido por la consideración de la ratio decidendi del fallo como vinculante junto al dictum de la sentencia respectiva. Se plantea la necesidad que la LOC del Tribunal Constitucional explicite los efectos vinculantes de los fallos respecto de los tribunales ordinarios y especiales. Finalmente analiza los efectos de la res iudicata en el ámbito del control reparador de constitucionalidad de preceptos legales en control concreto y en control abstracto.

  11. Historicismo: notas sobre um paradigma

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    José D’Assunção Barros

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem por objetivo desenvolver algumas considerações sobre o Historicismo e sua possibilidade de ser examinado como um dos paradigmas que concorrem para o estabelecimento de uma história científica no século XIX. O primeiro ponto tratado é relativo às origens do paradigma Historicista na transição do século XVIII para o século XIX. Na sequência, aproximamo-nos da apropriação conservadora do paradigma historicista no novo contexto no qual a burguesia européia está assentada no Poder, combinando-se com a consolidação dos modernos estados-nações. A especificação das características deste paradigma constituem o principal ponto de análise

  12. As monografias sobre plantas medicinais

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    Valdir F. Veiga Junior

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available As monografias sobre plantas medicinais ou drogas vegetais contêm informações para atender não somente aos órgãos de regulamentação, mas também às empresas industriais farmacêuticas e farmácias, e mesmo ao público consumidor. Este artigo revê as monografias da Comissão E, do American Botanical Council, ESCOP, PDR e da Organização Mundial de Saúde em suas origens, objetivos e formatos. Duas publicações recentemente organizadas pela FIOCRUZ do Rio de Janeiro e as contribuições da Farmacopéia Brasileira também são avaliadas.

  13. La justicia de menores desde la mirada de los jueces. Valoraciones y representaciones sobre la ley y la administración de justicia

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    Silvia Guemureman

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo condensa las opiniones y valoraciones que los jueces de menores tienen sobre algunos aspectos del quehacer judicial en la administración de justicia sobre  personas menores de edad. En la pretensión de construir una cartografía moral de las prácticas judiciales, realicé una reconstrucción de las mismas a través de los discursos hablados y escritos de los jueces. Realicé entrevistas en profundidad y un análisis cualitativo y lingüístico de sentencias. Así pude confrontar aquello que los que los jueces enuncian, y aquello que los jueces realizan en su labor de administración de justicia y dejan plasmado en las sentencias. También yo he reconstruido el discurso y el relato que los magistrados construyen sobre sus acciones. En este artículo me concentraré en los relatos de los jueces a través de la reconstrucción de sus opiniones en las entrevistas realizadas. El trabajo de campo se realizó en los Tribunales orales de menores de la Ciudad de Buenos Aires. La reconstrucción  se organizó en base a tres ejes: la percepción de los jueces sobre la delincuencia juvenil; la regulación legal sobre las personas menores de edad (Régimen penal de la minoridad/ley 22.278 y las representaciones de los jueces sobre el fin de la pena. He podido constatar que en las valoraciones de los jueces emergen cosmovisiones preexistentes sobre el bien, la moral, lo bueno, lo correcto y lo normal. Asimismo, los jueces albergan consensos valoradas positivamente. Estas cosmovisiones marcan pautas de distribución en torno a la norma.  

  14. Conhecimento, opinião e conduta de ginecologistas e obstetras brasileiros sobre o aborto induzido

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    Faúndes Aníbal

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: avaliar conhecimento, opinião e conduta de ginecologistas e obstetras sobre o aborto induzido. MÉTODO: questionário estruturado e pré-testado foi enviado a ginecologistas e obstetras associados a FEBRASGO. Solicitou-se preenchê-lo sem identificar-se e retorná-lo em envelope pré-selado que o acompanhava, para assegurar anonimato. Perguntou-se sobre conhecimento da legalidade do aborto no Brasil, opinião sobre a mesma e conduta em situações de solicitação de aborto. RESULTADOS: para 90% o aborto é legal nos casos de gravidez por estupro e risco de vida para a gestante, e para 31,8% quando existe malformação congênita grave. Opinaram que o aborto deveria ser permitido quando há risco de vida da gestante (79,3%, malformação fetal (77,0% e quando a gravidez for resultado de estupro (76,6%, e 9,9% opinaram que deveria permitir-se em qualquer circunstância. Dois terços acreditavam que se precisa de alvará judicial para realizar aborto previsto em lei, e 27,4% sabiam que se requer solicitação da mulher. Diante da gravidez indesejada, 77,6% das mulheres ginecologistas/obstetras e 79,9% das parceiras dos ginecologistas/obstetras que a experimentaram referiram que foi feito um aborto; 40% ajudariam uma paciente e 48,5% a uma familiar na mesma situação. CONCLUSÃO: falta conhecimento da situação legal do aborto entre os ginecologistas e obstetras, apesar de grande maioria ter atitudes e condutas favoráveis.

  15. Hegel’ s Thought of Judicial Indenpendence and Its Inspiration for Chinese Judicial Reform%黑格尔的司法独立思维及其对我国司法改革的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李思远

    2015-01-01

    黑格尔在其不朽著作《法哲学原理》一书中论述了法的本质、法治、立法、司法以及法律部门等诸多法律思想,这其中也包含了黑格尔的司法独立思维。不同于孟德斯鸠三权分立架构下的司法独立,黑格尔的司法独立思维主要体现在市民社会中的“法院”部分,并且通过重视立法、审判公开、程序公正来予以保障。我国实行的也不是三权分立下的司法独立,而是权力机关下的法院、检察院独立行使职权。黑格尔的司法独立思维,对于当下我国的司法体制改革有所启示。%Hegel discussed the nature of law, the rule of law, legislation, judicature, legal department and many legal thoughts in his immortal work“The Principle of Philosophy of Law”, including his judicial independence thought. Different from judicial in-dependence under “separation of the three powers” put forward by Montesquieu, Hegel’ s judicial independence thought mainly em-bodies in “Court” of civil society and safeguarded by attention of legislation, open trial, and procedural justice. In China, what we are carrying out is not judicial independence under “separation of the three powers”, but independently discharge functions and powers by court and procuratorate under authorities. Research of Hegel’ s judicial independence thought may give inspiration for Chi-nese present judicial reform.

  16. Judicial review of administrative normative act. Limits of courts control on political decision making

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    Erlir Puto

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Legal democracies have been facing with the evolution of a system of administrative activity judicial review. Meanwhile the evolving of the Judicial Control over the Public Administration in different countries of civil law systems has produced even in Albania the possibility of a specific judiciary control over the Public Administration in an extended way. The new Albanian Law on Administrative Courts (Law 49/2012 provides the power of the Administrative Court of Appeal to judge as a Court of First Instance, in the cases regarding controversies on normative administrative acts. It is a new open door to judge political decision makers, with some implicit consequences on the entire system. Those acts are produced as a further explanation and specification of the Law. Meanwhile they also express the Government Political Direction and Political will. The most important issue which may rise in this case is: How can an Administrative Court judge on the Executive Political Decision? May a Court judge the political will of the Executive? This power, given to the court, if we refer to administrative normative acts produced by public authorities of political nature, is in substance in contrast to the right of exercising political powers. This power to judge the politics should be evaluated case by case, but also some guiding lines should be established. These should be some basic guiding criteria and limits to be followed by the judges in the evaluation of objectives, purposes, aims or proportionality to the situation that has imposed the law. In most of the judiciary systems, the limits of reciprocal control between powers of the state remain a never ending process of practice. It is usual that the law gives to the administration a wide margin of opportunity. The way how executive would use its discretionarily, should be judged in an appropriate way by courts. The limits of court interference in administrative decision making would produce a fair system

  17. Puente sobre el rio Medway

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    Freeman, Fox, Ingenieros

    1963-02-01

    have been prestressed both longitudinally and transversally. Between the two circulation roadways an elastic barrier has been placed, supported on metal posts.El puente sobre el río Medway tiene la misión de salvar dicho río en el nuevo trazado de carretera necesario para aliviar el denso tráfico estival entre Dower y Londres. Está situado en las proximidades de la ciudad de Rochester. La estructura se ha construido utilizando las vías de concurso. De todos los tipos presentados se eligió una estructura de hormigón armado. La longitud total de la obra es de 1.000 m. Los tres tramos principales de la obra salvan el río. El central es de 152 m de luz, y los dos adyacentes son de 103 m cada uno. Los accesos tienen un total de 18 tramos, que arrojan una longitud de 654 m. La anchura del puente es de 34 m, y la calzada se ha subdividido en dos direcciones de tráfico de 7,30 m cada una y, además, se han dejado dos espaldones laterales de 2,40 m de anchura. En planta se puede admitir que el puente tiene una alineación recta con una ligerísima curva, y que en el plano vertical presenta una pendiente de desagüe entre las pilas 9 y 10. Los estribos son de hormigón armado: tipo celular el del este y de hormigón en masa el del oeste. Los estribos se apoyan sobre pilotes hexagonales de hormigón armado cuya circunferencia circunscrita tiene 55 cm de radio y de 12 a 20 m de longitud. Cuando el firme se hallaba a profundidades inferiores a 6 m, los estribos se cimentaban directamente sobre el firme. Las pilas constituyen pórtico y tienen una altura variable de 9 a 30 m sobre el nivel del suelo. Los tramos de acceso forman una estructura continua simplemente apoyada. Cada tramo se compone de ocho vigas longitudinales de 30 a 41 m de longitud y de 190 toneladas cada una. Estas vigas son del tipo pretensado y prefabricado. El tramo central es del tipo cantilever, constituido por dos brazos, de 30 m de longitud, formados por vigas cajón. Cada una de estas vigas consta

  18. Puente sobre el Oosterschelde, Holanda

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    Hoving, H. T.

    1967-03-01

    Full Text Available This new bridge, forming part of the Delta project, is made of concrete, and was built by successive overhangs. Precast units were mainly used. The bridge is 5,000 m long, and is 11.85 m wide. The main spans are 95 m in length, except one, which can be opened up to sea traffic, which is 40 m long. The free height of the bridge over the sea is 15 m, which is insufficient for large ships. This required that one of the spans, in deep water, should open up, on hinges, and provide free passage to large ships. The intermediate bridge supports are of special interest. They rest on piles which go down to 38 m. They are hollow, cylindrical, of 4.35 m external diameter, and are driven into the ground in several stages, as they penetrate through the sands at the bottom of the Oosterschelde. To drive them in, an excavating device, inside the pile, was utilised, and also a dredging and suction mechanism, to clean out the bottom, and allow the piles to sink by gravity. But when external friction did not allow this to happen, the piles were weighed down with up to 500 tons of ballast. A series of three of these piles, in a row, makes up each bridge support. A cross member over the pile heads supports, in turn, the bridge deck. The bridge was built in successive sections, overhanging from each support, and then finally connected with a central portion. Use of precast units has been very extensive, so that the bridge can be justiaflably regarded as being prefabricated.Este nuevo puente, que forma parte del Plan de obras denominadas del Delta, es de hormigón y se ha construido por el procedimiento de voladizos sucesivos, utilizando, en su mayor parte, elementos prefabricados. Tiene una longitud total de 5.000 m; una anchura de 11,85 m; tramos principales de 95 m de luz, salvo uno, levadizo, que tiene 40 m. La altura libre sobre las ag^uas del mar es de 15 m, que es insuficiente para las naves de gran tonelaje; esto exigió que uno de sus tramos, en aguas

  19. Analysis of Project Cost Judicial Identification%工程造价司法鉴定的分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    华连秋

    2013-01-01

    This paper describes our country for various prope-rties of engineering cost in the process of judicial authenticati-on, the problems encountered at this stage in the judicial ident-ifyication are summarized, in the process of the engineering c-ost should observe the principle of from about, when in fact di-sputes, the cost of single mode, a good grasp of technology m-ethods and procedures, to ensure the authenticity and legality i-dentification results. The project cost judicial authentication is a kind of method in the engineering construction process of di-spute problem judgment. It is different from other appraisal w-ork. According to the characteristics of engineering cost identi-fication, starting from the identification principle combined w-ith the practice of process cost identification, states should pay at ention to several problems in the judicial authentication wor-k, and how to correctly understand and treat the at itude of jud-icial authentication, and discuss how to project cost judicial id-entification through the correct way.%  本文主要叙述了我国对于工程造价司法鉴定过程中的各种性质,对现阶段在司法鉴定中遇到的难题进行了总结,在进行工程造价的过程中要遵守从约原则,当对于事实中出现的争议,采用造价单列的方式,把握好技术方法与工作程序,保证鉴定结果真实合法。工程造价司法鉴定是在工程建设的过程中对出现的纠纷问题做出判断的一种方式,它有着不同于其它鉴定工作的特点。本文根据工程造价鉴定时的特点,从鉴定原则出发结合造价鉴定的实践过程,阐述在进行司法鉴定工作时要注意的几点问题,以及如何以正确的态度认识和对待司法鉴定,并讨论如何通过正确方式进行工程造价的司法鉴定。

  20. Incidencia del suicidio consumado en el partido judicial de San Vicente del Raspeig (Alicante Consummated suicide rate in the judicial district of San Vicente del Raspeig (Alicante

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Ayala Espinosa

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: 1.- Determinar el número de casos de suicidio consumado en San Vicente del Raspeig entre 1990 y 2001. 2.- Describir las características, circunstancias y factores de riesgo asociados. METODOLOGÍA: Se trata de una investigación con diseño de serie temporal compuesta de un conjunto de diez estudios transversales anuales y consecutivos en el periodo 1990-2001. Como fuente de obtención de datos se estudian las diligencias previas de los archivos de los juzgados del Partido Judicial San Vicente del Raspeig. Las variables a considerar son: género, edad, estado civil, mecanismo, lugar del suicidio, municipio dónde tuvo lugar, año del suicidio, intentos anteriores y documentos dejados. Se ha utilizado el test chi-cuadrado y un nivel de significación preestablecido (pOBJECTIVES: 1.- To determine the number of consummated suicides in San Vicente del Raspeig between 1990 and 2001. 2.- To describe the characteristics, circumstances and associated risk factors. METHODOLOGY: It is an investigation of a temporary series made of a sample of ten annual studies between 1990-2001. We used as a source the previous investigations found in the archives of the courts of San Vicente del Raspeig (Alicante. The variables to consider are: gender, age, marital status, mechanism, place of suicide, county where it took place, year of suicide, number of attempts previousl and notes left. We used the test as "chi-cuadrado" and a previous determined significance level (p<0.05. RESULTS: The number of suicides is 92. More men (63 than women (29 commit suicide with a proportion of 2.17:1. In all ages we found men that committed suicide. We did not find any women that committed suicide under the age of 30. Men between 50-59 and 70-79 and women around 60 are in the highest rate (p=0.040. Married people commit suicide more than single people with 39 cases, of which 28 are men (56% and 11 women (45.83%. Men prefer hanging (44.44% and women jumping (51.72% (p=0

  1. Somos un envase : Discursos sobre el aborto

    OpenAIRE

    Löcher, Jennifer Irene

    2014-01-01

    No hay persona que no tenga opinión acerca del asunto y, cada vez más, la sociedad argentina debate sobre la pregunta de si se debe legalizar/despenalizar el aborto o no. Nunca antes se habló tanto sobre el tema públicamente: se publican artículos en los diarios, hay manifestaciones a favor y hay manifestaciones en contra de la legalización del aborto. El siguiente trabajo pretende relevar y analizar discursos que circulan socialmente alrededor del debate sobre el aborto. (Párrafo extraíd...

  2. Concepciones sobre la docencia universitaria de calidad

    OpenAIRE

    Arbeláez López, Ruby; Fortes del Valle, M. Carmen; Grau Rubio, Claudia

    2008-01-01

    Con esta investigación hemos querido participar en el proceso de búsqueda y construcción del sentido de calidad aplicado a la docencia universitaria, con el objetivo general de evidenciar las concepciones sobre docencia de calidad que pueden deducirse de los procesos de evaluación de los profesores universitarios. Nuestra meta final intenta propiciar la revisión de las políticas educativas y el enriquecimiento de la cultura sobre docencia y sobre evaluación docente. La mayor aportación de nue...

  3. [Medical-legal conduct with individuals in judicial or police custody].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medallo Muñiz, Jordi; Martín-Fumadó, Carles; Nuno Vieira, Duarte

    2014-03-01

    The problems involved in caring for individuals in custody, as well as deaths that occur during custody, are relevant aspects of legal and forensic medicine in terms of the possible criminal, civil and administrative responsibility of health professionals and/or public or private institutions that might hold individuals in custody and deprived of freedom. The rule of law should ensure that these cases comply with state law and international agreements and treaties related to human rights and the special treatment of individuals deprived of freedom in hospitals or detention centers. Of particular mention is the medical-forensic activity regarding deaths associated with the use of control holds and/or restraint during the detention of individuals by members of the armed forces or law enforcement or in healthcare centers by safety and healthcare personnel. In these cases, both the immediate healthcare treatment subsequent to the events and the medical-forensic study should be particularly careful. These situations, which are often high profile, cause social alarm and involve judicial actions that can result in especially severe liabilities. PMID:24913748

  4. Deference and Diffèrance: Judicial Review and the Perfect Gift

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J De Ville

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available The highest courts in both Canada and South Africa have expressed themselves in favour of an approach of deference as respect in the review of administrative action. The notion of deference as respect derives from the thinking of David Dyzenhaus, who has developed a theory of democracy in support of this approach to judicial review. Dyzenhaus’ model of review attempts to steer clear from the problems he associates particularly with positivism and liberalism. Dyzenhaus’ model of review furthermore attempts to allow space for the administration to play a significant role in giving effect to democratic values, on the understanding that all such decisions need to be reasonably justifiable. In this article the views of Dyzenhaus are contrasted with those of Jacques Derrida, especially insofar as the latter has reflected on the relation between law and justice, as well as concepts such as the gift and democracy. The argument developed in this article is that Dyzenhaus’ model of review, despite its many positive features, needs to be rethought with reference to the perfect gift, unconditional justice and democracy to come. Such a rethinking is required because of the limited conception of justice – as simply ‘our’ justice – in Dyzenhaus’ model.

  5. Synthesis of Climate Change Policy in Judicial, Executive, and Legislative Branches of U.S. Government

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Brinkmann

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, the United States has struggled to develop a comprehensive policy for climate change and concomitant greenhouse gas emissions that addresses the current scientific thinking on the topic. The absence of any clear legislative or executive approach dominated national discussions and the court system was used to litigate a variety of issues associated with global warming. This paper synthesizes actions taken in the three branches of government prior to and immediately following the Obama election. In the Judicial branch, several branches of law have been used to force government and private parties to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Based on the historic greenhouse gas lawsuit, Massachusetts et al. v. the United States Environmental Protection Agency (U.S. EPA, and under the direction of the Obama administration, the U.S. EPA has taken significant action to regulate greenhouse gases. In the legislative branch, a comprehensive energy and climate bill passed the House of Representatives and comparable and alternate energy and climate bills were debated in the Senate indicating hope for legislation in the 111th Congress. However, these bills proved to be unsuccessful, therefore leaving the U.S. EPA and the courts the only options for national climate policy in the near future.

  6. INSTRUMENTS TO ASSURE THE UNITY OF THE JUDICIAL PRACTICE IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihai Adrian HOTCA

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available In the new Code of penal procedure and the new Code of civil procedure, it is proposed the creation of a new mechanism for the unification of the judicial practice which should contribute, along with the appeal in the interest of the law, to the creation of predictable jurisprudence and should have as effect the shortening of the process duration. It concerns: the request to settle a law issue on which the settlement of a trial depends, legal issue that was not unitarily settled in the practice of the courts; the notification of the High Court of Cassation and Justice is made ex officio or upon the request of the parties after contradictory debates and if the conditions stipulated by law are met, through a conclusion that is not subject to any appeal possibility; in order to assure the efficiency of this new mechanism, the decision of the High Court of Cassation and Justice, published in the Official Gazette, will have a binding character both for the court that formulated the application of clarification of the issue and for all the other courts.\\r\

  7. Performance-Based Budgeting and Management of Judicial Courts in France: an Assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thierry Kirat

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available The efficiency of civil justice has become a central issue in several communities, including national states that have undertaken to reform their civil procedures rules and/or to implement methods of case management (such as the USA and United Kingdomand international organizations such as the Council of Europe and the World Bank. Of course, there has always also been interest on the part of legal academics and judicial/court administration professionals.Court systems have two aspects: on one side, as public institutions, their funding, the recruitment of judges and clerks and employees, the procedural rules they must comply with, are determined by the state. On the other side, as organizations producing dispute resolution services, their operation and management are borne by the chiefs of courts. The importance of capacity management of the former, who are most often judges, is now acknowledged by most specialists, even if the compatibility between legal rationality and managerial rationality is questioned by some of them. This article seeks to explain the situation of French courts, focusing on court administration that can not be addressed without taking account of the broader framework of State policy concerning most specifically the budget-setting process which has undergone recent radical reforms.

  8. 刑事司法改革:规范刑法司法解释权若干问题再析%The Criminal Judicial Reform:Re-analysis of Specification for the Judicial Interpretation Power of Criminal Law

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    段锟

    2014-01-01

    The modernization level of the promotion of the national system of governance and governance capa-bility is reflected in the field of criminal justice which requires not only the independence of the judiciary laws,but the correctly applied regulations regulating the exercise of judicial interpretation of criminal law.The authorities should strictly grasp the judicial power of judicial interpretation of criminal law in the exercise of the right of judicial interpretation of criminal law,prevent the offside legislation,make clear the validity in term of time,highlight the spiritual character of the restraining criminal law.Only the correct application of criminal law can ensure the real justice and fairness.%提升国家治理体系与治理能力的现代化水平反映在刑事司法领域不仅仅要求司法独立,更要求正确适用刑事法律、法规,规范行使刑法司法解释权。有权机关在行使刑法司法解释权时应严格把握刑法司法解释的司法权能,防止其越位立法,明确刑法司法解释遵循从旧兼从轻的时间效力,彰显刑法谦抑的精神品格,防范突破罪刑法定宪纲性的原则要求。只有刑法得以被正确的适用,才能真正将刑法抽象的正义与公平转化为现实的正义与公平。

  9. El papel del poder judicial en la consolidación de la democracia y el Estado de Derecho en El Salvador

    OpenAIRE

    Benítez Giralt, Rafael Leónidas

    2003-01-01

    La realidad jurídica y política del Poder Judicial en nuestros tiempos exige un serio y profundo replanteo. Las crisis políticas y de la ley, las desigualdades económicas y sociales, la complejidad de los problemas culturales y de la sociedad, obligan al Poder Judicial a tener la capacidad de afrontar dichas realidades. Esta misma situación ha estado acompañada de una expansión de la función judicial, la cual, puede traer problemas y desajustes en el orden político y en la relación con los ot...

  10. Sobre a psicopatologia dos atos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Calazans

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo pretende apresentar a psicopatologia dos atos a partir do esquema de Jacques Lacan sobre a angústia. Diferenciamos os acting-out, a passagem ao ato, os sintomas, as inibições e a angústia fazendo uma duplicação do esquema de Lacan levando em consideração os registros do simbólico, do real e do imaginário. Esse esquema permite uma abordagem da questão dos atos do sujeito sem cair em uma perplexidade do clínico, nem na confusão entre os atos e a ação. Permite também uma melhor orientação do clínico em relação às diversas modalidades de respostas subjetivas que não se restringem à questão sintomática, que é o campo inaugural da clínica psicanalítica desde a sua fundação por Sigmund Freud. Acreditamos contribuir, assim, para um maior esclarecimento desse esquema no ensino de Lacan e para que ele possa servir de orientação para o tratamento dos atos do sujeito na clínica.

  11. Estudo multicasos sobre atividades inovativas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sonia Regina Hierro Parolin

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Em estudos sobre competitividade argumenta-se que as empresas necessitam de estratégias baseadas em inovações e de capacidades internas em constantes e intensas transformações, não somente nos padrões tecnológicos, mas também no encadeamento do processo de gestão das atividades inovativas, como processos dinâmicos, não lineares e diversificados, em função de múltiplos fatores dos ambientes interno e externo. Para contribuir com essas discussões, neste artigo apresenta-se um estudo multicasos em quatro indústrias de médio e grande portes, de segmentos, densidades tecnológicas e históricos com inovações diferentes entre si. Como principais resultados, salientam-se o encadeamento das atividades inovativas como parte de uma estratégia organizacional para obter resultados com inovação e a afluência de todas as pessoas, e não somente as alocadas em pesquisa e desenvolvimento, para o cumprimento dessa estratégia.

  12. PERSPECTIVAS INFANTILES SOBRE LA TERRITORIALIDAD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noelia Enriz

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo nos proponemos un acercamiento a las diversas ideas infantiles sobre el territorio habitado, en el contexto particular de la población mbyá guaraní de Misiones. La fragilidad territorialidad a la que es expuesta la población indígena en Argentina se manifiestan cotidianamente en diversas áreas. La población mbyá, ha sido surcada por los límites de los estados nacionales de Paraguay, Brasil y Argentina. La sedentarización y los cercamientos de tierras en los diferentes estados, han impulsado transformaciones de las lógicas de subsistencia, de habitación y organización comunitaria. En el caso de la provincia de Misiones la acreditación burocrática de los títulos de tierras se encuentra aplazada, el estado no se compromete con la concreción de este derecho.

  13. Puente colgante sobre el Lillebaelt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ostenfeld, Chr.

    1971-09-01

    Full Text Available This bridge, which was opened to traffic in October 1970 over the Lillebaelt, is the first of its kind in Denmark. It consists of a central span of 600 m, and two lateral ones of 240 m length each. The suspension cables, each 1,500 m, are the world's largest prefabricated cables. The bridge has original features, such as flaps on the main box girder, and new design of the anchorage blocks. These and other details are described in the article.Inaugurado en octubre de 1970, el puente colgante sobre el Lillebselt es el primer puente danés de este tipo. Consta de un tramo central de 600 m y dos tramos laterales de 240 m. Los cables sustentantes son, con sus 1.500 m de longitud, los mayores cables prefabricados del mundo. El puente presenta características origínales —empleo de «flaps» en la vigacajón de la superestructura, concepción nueva de los macizos de anclaje...— que, junto con el sistema de ejecución y las demás particularidades de la obra, son descritas en el artículo.

  14. La lucha contra la trata en la UE: los retos de la cooperación judicial penal transfronteriza

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirentxu Jordana Santiago

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available La lucha contra la trata de seres humanos plantea numerosos retos para la Unión Europea. La dimensión multilateral de los casos dificulta la tarea de las autoridades nacionales, comportando en la práctica persecuciones y enjuiciamientos limitados y parciales que perpetúan la impunidad de estos delitos. Ante esta problemática, la Unión apuesta por un enfoque integrado de las investigaciones, que requiere explorar las potencialidades de la cooperación judicial penal, ámbito en el que Eurojust, la unidad de cooperación judicial penal de la Unión, desempeña un papel relevante.

  15. Interpretation of the Provisions on the Parental Responsibility for the Actions of Minors or those under Judicial Interdiction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dorin Matei

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The changes in the Romanian civil law aimed the issue of tort liability, i.e. the liability of parents for the infringements committed by their children and those placed under judicial interdiction, issues that we will develop within this paper. Without the stated ambition to exhaust the subject, the research aims at a rigorous contribution to the presentation, in the well-known context of the new civil regulations entered into force on 1 October 20112. Therefore we analyze the provisions of Article 1372 of the Civil Code which, over its three paragraphs, develops the hypothesis of assuming the liability of the parents and other categories of respondents for the illegal acts committed by minors or placed under judicial interdiction. We specify that this form of vicarious liability is established as an effective guarantor of the one called to respond, ensuring by the law to repair the damage caused to the victim.

  16. Some observations concerning the judicial reform in Romania. Is there no matter more pressing than the fight against corruption?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ovidiu Gherasim‑Proca

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Before being an element of constitutional order, the judicial system is a public service. Arbitrating disputes, conflict resolution and prosecuting crimes are, first of all, valuable functions for the community. This article presents the Romanian judiciary especially from this perspective. The relation between politics and the judiciary was particularly problematic in recent years. The judicial institutions’ struggle for autonomy was accompanied by unprecedented political crises. Yet, the Cooperation and Verification Mechanism (CVM continuously encouraged institutional reform, initiating very active anti-corruption policies, as well as the implementation of new civil and criminal procedure rules. At the same time, we can notice the rapid increase in the volume of new causes recorded by courts of law in civil matters, which entails the risk of severe deterioration of public legal services and requires an appropriate administrative response.

  17. Los derechos de autor sobre obtenciones vegetales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosario Silva Gilli

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Contenido: Las creaciones en la agricultura. Los derechos de autor sobre obtenciones vegetales. El Convenio Internacional para la protección de las obtenciones vegetales (París 1961 y sus revisiones de Ginebra 1972, 1978,1991 Objeto de la protección legal. Condiciones del cultivar. Alcance de la protección. La protección de obtenciones vegetales en el Mercosur. Los Derechos de autor en el Mercosur. El Protocolo de Armonización de normas sobre Propiedad Intelectual en el Mercosur. El Acuerdo de Cooperación y facilitación sobre la protección de las obtenciones vegetales en los Estados Partes del Mercosur.  Alcance de la normativa Mercosur. Los Derechos sobre cultivares en Uruguay. Los Derechos de autor como derechos humanos. ¿Derechos de autor vs. derecho de propiedad intelectual? Reflexión final

  18. La justicia ignorada: tratamiento de la información judicial en prensa

    OpenAIRE

    Liliana María Gutiérrez Coba

    2004-01-01

    Este artículo muestra los resultados de una investigación sobre la manera como la prensa colombiana aborda los temas relacionados con la criminalidad y la justicia, cuyo buen manejo periodístico es indispensable en países que, como los latinoamericanos, presentan altas tasas de corrupción y delincuencia común y organizada. El análisis fue aplicado a seis importantes periódicos colombianos, en los cuales se encontró un bajo interés por los temas de justicia y una peligrosa tendencia a no atri...

  19. Pemberlakuan Perjanjian Internasional Di Indonesia Dikaitkan Dengan Judicial Review Terhadap Piagam Asean Di Mahkamah Konstitusi Republik Indonesia

    OpenAIRE

    Nababan, Tulus Pardamean

    2015-01-01

    This study aims to determine how the application of international treaties in Indonesia based on the setting of international law and national law of Indonesia then linked to the judicial review of the ASEAN Charter in the Constitutional Court of the Republic of Indonesia associated with Indonesia attachment to an international treaty and how a law which constitute endorsement Parliament consent forms that contain ASEAN Charter as its attachments which is a whole contains norms of internation...

  20. Justicia sin la Rama Judicial: Estado de Derecho y desigualdad como desafios para el fortalecimiento de la democracia brasilera.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Tereza Lemus Nelson.

    2003-07-01

    Full Text Available In this article the author argues that the scant existence of state agencies equipped to carry out legal actions in Brazil - described by Guillermo O’Donnell as the inoperance of accountability - is attributable to the weakness of the state of law in this country. The implications of a weak state of law for the quality and sustainability of democracy in Brazil are analyzed in two of the most grave cases of judicial impunity: racial discrimination and public security.

  1. Judicial review of the management of assistance provided by the European Social Fund for the promotion of employment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dimitrios V. Skiadas

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available This article considers the matters arising during the judicial review of the management of the assistance provided through the European Social Fund for the promotion of employment. Issues such as the direct actions for annulment, the actions for failure to act, the enforcement actions, the preliminary rulings and the actions for damages are examined in detail. The analysis focuses on topics like the identity of the reviewable acts, the standing of the applicants, the grounds of review, etc.

  2. Judicial review of the management of assistance provided by the European Social Fund for the promotion of employment

    OpenAIRE

    Skiadas, Dimitrios V.

    2002-01-01

    This article considers the matters arising during the judicial review of the management of the assistance provided through the European Social Fund for the promotion of employment. Issues such as the direct actions for annulment, the actions for failure to act, the enforcement actions, the preliminary rulings and the actions for damages are examined in detail. The analysis focuses on topics like the identity of the reviewable acts, the standing of the applicants, the grounds of review, etc.

  3. Judicial Review of the Budgetary Authority during the enactment of the European Union’s Budget

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dimitrios V. Skiadas

    2000-06-01

    Full Text Available This article considers the problems arising during the judicial review of the budgetary procedure in the European Union. Matters such as the jurisdiction of the ECJ, the identity of the reviewable acts, the standing of all applicants as well as the grounds of review are examined in detail. Some problems of the budgetary procedure are also highlighted and there are some proposals aiming to improve the current situation.

  4. A competição profissional no mundo do Direito Professional competition in the judicial world

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria da Gloria Bonelli

    1998-05-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo focaliza o mundo profissional do Direito numa comarca de médio porte do interior do Estado de São Paulo, analisando a dinâmica deste campo centrada na competição profissional entre juízes, advogados, funcionários de cartório, promotores de justiça e delegados de polícia. O mundo do Direito engloba, além dessas competições interprofissionais, as competições intraprofissionais que são estudadas detalhadamente aqui para o caso dos juízes, dos delegados de polícia e dos funcionários de cartório. Esta concepção procura relacionar os lugares ocupados por eles no sistema das profissões como fatores condicionantes das suas interações, estabelecendo as possibilidades e fornecendo os recursos para as mudanças buscadas através das disputas profissionais. A análise das tensões entre o Judiciário e o Legislativo delimitam o pertencimento dos profissionais ao mundo do Direito, configurando-o como um grupo com uma dimensão comum, em conflito com as posições tomadas pelos legisladores.This paper focuses on the interprofessional and intraprofessional competition among judges, prosecutors, lawyers, police chiefs and judicial registry personnel. It is based in a qualitative case study of a judicial district in the state of São Paulo. The paper emphasizes the importance of plancing the focus of the study on interdependencies of Brazilian legal professions to understand the dynamics of the judicial world.

  5. The analysis of judicial procedures for real property evidencing in the area of SMA regional office of Sevnica

    OpenAIRE

    Groboljšek, Matevž

    2012-01-01

    There have not been many legislative changes on clarification of boundaries in the past years, therefore many good practices were able to form, but there are also some problems we can address. In addition to judicial clarification of boundaries we also examined Legislation regarding evidencing of condominium and determining the land belonging to the building. Act on the Acquisition of the Strata Title of a Part of a Building on the Proposal of the Owner and on Determining the Land Belonging T...

  6. Justicia sin la Rama Judicial: Estado de Derecho y desigualdad como desafios para el fortalecimiento de la democracia brasilera.

    OpenAIRE

    Ana Tereza Lemus Nelson.

    2003-01-01

    In this article the author argues that the scant existence of state agencies equipped to carry out legal actions in Brazil - described by Guillermo O’Donnell as the inoperance of accountability - is attributable to the weakness of the state of law in this country. The implications of a weak state of law for the quality and sustainability of democracy in Brazil are analyzed in two of the most grave cases of judicial impunity: racial discrimination and public security.

  7. Renegotiating «law and order»: judicial reform and citizen responses in post-war Guatemala Renegociando «la ley y el orden»: reforma judicial y respuesta ciudadana en la Guatemala de posguerra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel SIEDER

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available This article examines reforms aimed at strengthening the rule of law in Guatemala implemented since the signing of the Peace Accords in December 1996. Despite nearly $200 millions in foreign aid to the justice sector, impunity remains the rule, the judicial process is subverted by military and criminal networks, citizen confidence in the judicial system remains low and recourse to non-judicial measures –the «privatisation of justice»– is on the increase. It is argued that the institutionally-focused approach to rule of law reform currently predominating in donor thinking ignores the historical context within which understandings of «law», «justice» and «rights» are shaped. Institutions do matter, but only by understanding the role of law in long­run processes of State formation and the dynamic, inter-subjective nature of legal interactions can we begin to understand the specificities of socio-legal change. Este artículo examina las reformas al fortalecimiento del Estado de Derecho en Guatemala implementadas desde la firma de los Acuerdos de Paz de 1996. Pese a los casi 200 millones de dólares en ayuda externa al sector judicial, la impunidad sigue siendo la norma; los procesos judiciales son socavados por redes militares y criminales; la confianza ciudadana en el sistema judicial se mantiene baja y la recurrencia a medidas fuera del sistema –«la privatización de la justicia»– va en aumento. Se cree que los enfoques que se centran en reformar las instituciones legales que actualmente predominan entre los donantes ignoran el contexto histórico específico en el que se formaron los conceptos de «ley», «justicia» y «derecho». Si bien las instituciones son importantes, solamente cuando se entienda el papel del derecho en los procesos de largo plazo de formación del Estado, así como la naturaleza dinámica de las interacciones legales, podremos comenzar a comprender las particularidades del cambio sociolegal.

  8. PERSPECTIVAS INFANTILES SOBRE LA TERRITORIALIDAD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NOELIA ENRIZ

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we propose a different approach to children's ideas about the geographical area in the particular context of the Mbyá Guarani population, from Misiones (Argentine. The territorial fragility, that is exposed to the indigenous people in Argentina aremanifested daily in several areas. Mbyá population, has been crossed by the boundaries of national states of Paraguay, Brazil and Argentina. The sedentary and enclosures land processes in different states, have prompted changes in the logic of subsistence, housing and community organization. In Misiones province case, bureaucratic accreditation of land titles is postponed, the state is not committed to the realization of this right.RESUMEN: En este trabajo nos proponemos un acercamiento a las diversas ideas infantiles sobre el territorio habitado, en el contexto particular de la población mbyá guaraní de Misiones. La fragilidad territorialidad a la que es expuesta la población indígena en Argentina se manifiestan cotidianamente en diversas áreas. La población mbyá, ha sido surcada por los límites de los estados nacionales de Paraguay, Brasil y Argentina. La sedentarización y los cercamientos de tierras en los diferentes estados, han impulsado transformaciones de las lógicas de subsistencia, de habitación y organización comunitaria. En el caso de la provincia de Misiones la acreditación burocrática de los títulos de tierras se encuentra aplazada, el estado no se compromete con la concreción de este derecho.

  9. Consideraciones preliminares sobre la credibilidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Verdugo

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available A modo de introducción al Seminario Interno de Profesores de la Facultad de Teología de la PUC, el autor recuerda, en primer lugar, lo que suele entenderse por "credibilidad" y, también, algunos de los criterios generales por los cuales algo o alguien adquiere la calidad de creíble (el que sea razonable, relevante o significativo, capaz de producir gozo estético, etc.. Luego, en la parte más extensa, el autor vuelve a llamar la atención sobre la necesidad de atender a los condicionamientos culturales de la fe cristiana. La fe, al igual que toda experiencia humana, está culturalmente mediada. Tomar conciencia de ese hecho y asumir las consecuencias metodológicas es indispensable para una teología que quiere poner atención a los desafíos actuales y contribuir así a la credibilidad del cristianismoThis article reprints the introductory session to the internal seminar of lecturers from the Faculty of Theology of the UC. In the first place, the author sums up what is usually understood by `credibility' and the general criteria through which something or someone gains credibility (being reasonable, relevant or significant, capable of producing aesthetic pleasure. Then the author deals at length with the need to take notice of the cultural conditionings of the Christian faith. The faith, the same as any other human experience, is culturally mediated. It is crucial for theology to become aware of this fact and come to terms with its methodological consequences, if it wants to face current challenges and so contribute to the credibility of Christianity

  10. Guía de buena práctica psicológica en el tratamiento judicial de los niños abusados sexualmente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Enrique Echeburúa

    2008-01-01

    secundaria a causa de la intervención del menor en el proceso judicial requiere una atención cuidadosa. Si un menor no se siente seguro durante el proceso judicial, será una experiencia negativa para él e incluso podrá aportar un testimonio no fidedigno. De acuerdo con el ordenamiento jurídico español, se proponen diversas recomendaciones para abordar la cuestión de la intervención del menor en el proceso judicial y hacerle al niño sentirse seguro y con una autoestima adecuada. En cualquier caso, este enfoque multidisciplinar del abuso sexual requiere más investigación para incorporarlo de forma habitual a la práctica judicial en España.

  11. Comentario bibliográfico de La revisión judicial de las políticas sociales. Estudio de Caso

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bulit Goñi, Magdalena

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Comentario bibliográfico de ABRAMOVICH, Víctor y PAUTASSI, Laura (comp.: La revisión judicial de las políticas sociales. Estudio de casos, Editores del Puerto, Buenos Aires, 2009.

  12. Judicious use of custom development in an open source component architecture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bristol, S.; Latysh, N.; Long, D.; Tekell, S.; Allen, J.

    2014-12-01

    Modern software engineering is not as much programming from scratch as innovative assembly of existing components. Seamlessly integrating disparate components into scalable, performant architecture requires sound engineering craftsmanship and can often result in increased cost efficiency and accelerated capabilities if software teams focus their creativity on the edges of the problem space. ScienceBase is part of the U.S. Geological Survey scientific cyberinfrastructure, providing data and information management, distribution services, and analysis capabilities in a way that strives to follow this pattern. ScienceBase leverages open source NoSQL and relational databases, search indexing technology, spatial service engines, numerous libraries, and one proprietary but necessary software component in its architecture. The primary engineering focus is cohesive component interaction, including construction of a seamless Application Programming Interface (API) across all elements. The API allows researchers and software developers alike to leverage the infrastructure in unique, creative ways. Scaling the ScienceBase architecture and core API with increasing data volume (more databases) and complexity (integrated science problems) is a primary challenge addressed by judicious use of custom development in the component architecture. Other data management and informatics activities in the earth sciences have independently resolved to a similar design of reusing and building upon established technology and are working through similar issues for managing and developing information (e.g., U.S. Geoscience Information Network; NASA's Earth Observing System Clearing House; GSToRE at the University of New Mexico). Recent discussions facilitated through the Earth Science Information Partners are exploring potential avenues to exploit the implicit relationships between similar projects for explicit gains in our ability to more rapidly advance global scientific cyberinfrastructure.

  13. Non-Judicial Hanging in Guilan Province, Iran between 2011 and 2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vahid Monsef Kasmaee

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Hanging is one of the most commonly used way to commit suicide in many countries. This method used in suicide is considered a problem in Iran too, but no clear data exists regarding hanging in different regions or the country as a whole. Because of the epidemiologic differences in non-judicial hanging in different regions, this study aimed to assess it in Gilan province, Iran between 2011 and 2013. Methods: In this cross-sectional study, profiles of hanging cases registered in Poorsina hospital in Gilan, Iran between 2011 and 2013 were evaluated. Age, sex, marital status, place of residency, level of education, occupation, history of suicide, history of clinical illness, season of suicide and hanging outcome were evaluated. Results: 59 cases of hanging (mean age 31.4 ± 13.1 years and 83.0% male were evaluated. 12 (20.34% suffered from psychological disorders, and 9 (15.2% confessed to substance abuse. 7 (11.9% had a history of suicide attempts by hanging. Hanging was significantly higher in men (p<0.001, people with an education level of less than high school diploma (p=0.02 and the unemployed (p<0.05 patients. In the end, 20 (33.9% of these attempts resulted in death. Conclusion: The results of this study showed that in 2 years, 59 cases committed suicide by hanging themselves, 33.9% of which finally died. Committing suicide by hanging was significantly more prevalent in men, people with an education level of less than high school diploma and the unemployed.

  14. The Conflict of Judicial Democracy---A Review of"Judicial Democracy, Justice and Judge System"%司法民主中的“冲突”--评《司法民主、公平正义与法官制度》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙建伟

    2013-01-01

    司法民主是一个大范畴,实现形式也多种多样。《司法民主、公平正义与法官制度》一书摆脱了对司法民主的泛泛而谈,而以我国司法民主的基本形式---人民陪审员制度为例来阐述司法民主,使读者对司法民主的概念更加清晰,理解也更加深入。司法职业化、司法独立与司法民主看似矛盾,但实际上却是司法民主的必要条件。司法民主化与司法职业化之间出现的悖论正是陪审制度未能有效发挥功能作用的症结所在。以陪审制度作为司法职业化与司法民主化之间的桥梁的观点较有新意。%Judicial democracy is a big category, and its form is various. The book of "Judicial Democracy, Justice and Judge System"has extricated itself from talking generally, but taking the basic form of democratic justice system--people's jurors as an example to elaborate it, that makes the readers understand the concept of judicial democracy more deeply. Occupation of justice, judicial independence and judicial democracy seems to be contradictory, but in fact, these are necessary conditions for judicial democracy. The paradox between the judicial democracy and judicial occupation caused jury system failed to effectively play functions. It is a innovative view that the jury system is a bridge between the judicial occupation and judicial democracy.

  15. Introducción judicial del polígrafo a través de la pericia psicológica forense a presuntos agresores sexuales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángela Tapias Saldaña

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Este documento reseña la experiencia del uso judicial del polígrafo como una de las técnicas de evaluación, dentro de la pericia psicológica en cinco procesos penales de delito sexual en Bogotá D.C., Colombia, y evidencia cómo se pudo introducir la psicofisiología forense al proceso judicial, aunque los jueces no necesariamente se adhieren a este criterio.

  16. Collaborators at domestic jurisdiction: the case of the Basque Government in the setting up of the new Judicial Office in the Basque Country

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Izaskun Iriarte Irureta

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The Administration of Justice in Spain is going through a deep modernisation process aiming both at procedural and organisational reforms. The setting up of the new Judicial Office is precisely the major change of the organisation of the Administration of Justice in the last century. In this context, there is a shift in the role played by the regional governments with responsibilities in the field of Justice, as far as these regional governments are not only collaborators of the Judiciary at domestic jurisdiction, but they also become “actors” as they have decision making powers to create, to design and to organise the common procedural services of the Judicial Office and, hence, to set up the Judicial Office in each judicial district in their territory.This text presents the context and the reasons behind the setting up of the Judicial Office as a new way of organisation of the Spanish Administration of Justice; the Judiciary in Spain and the responsibilities of the regional governments in the Administration of Justice; the meaning of the Judicial Office and its guiding principles; the role of the Basque Government in setting up the Judicial Office in the Basque Country, paying special attention to its activity in the field of standardization of processes, the quality system, and of information, communication and coordination; the results of the first Judicial Offices. Finally the paper questions whether the regional or national governments are just “collaborators” or real “actors” of the Administration of Justice at domestic jurisdiction.

  17. The African Human Rights Judicial System: A Proposal For Streamlining Structures And Domestication Mechanisms Viewed From The Foreign Affairs Power Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Franceschi-Franceschi, L.G. (Luis Gabriel); Bermejo-García, R. (Romualdo); López-Jacoiste-Díaz, E. (Eugenia)

    2012-01-01

    The present study deals with these two interconnected yet often forgotten realities of the constitutional order in Africa: First, the ‗foreign affairs power‘ that gives the specific organs of the State the capacity to create and empower universal, regional and sub-regional governance and judicial structures.14 Secondly, the ‗international judicial function in Africa‘, with focus on the African Court on Human and Peoples‘ Rights and the upcoming merger with the African Court of Justice. In thi...

  18. La cooperación judicial en materia penal en el marco del espacio de libertad, seguridad y justicia de la Unión Europea

    OpenAIRE

    Maeso Bernarás, Iñigo Andoni

    2016-01-01

    Perspectiva general de la situación actual de la cooperación judicial penal en el marco del ELSJ. Se pretende orecer un mapa normativo a nivel comunitario como estatal. Especial mención a la Orden Europea de detención y entrega (Euroorden). Análisis del marco institucional de apoyo a la cooperación judicial penal.

  19. Internação psiquiátrica e ordem judicial: saberes e poderes sobre adolescentes usuários de drogas ilícitas Internación psiquiátrica y orden judicial: saberes y poderes sobre adolescentes usuarios de drogas ilícitas Psychiatric internments and judicial orders: knowledge and power with regard to drug-abuse young people

    OpenAIRE

    Andrea Cristina Coelho Scisleski; Cleci Maraschin

    2008-01-01

    Este artigo analisa a internação psiquiátrica compulsória destinada a adolescentes usuários de drogas que vivem em situação de marginalidade social, a partir de uma pesquisa de mestrado no Programa de Pós-Graduação em Psicologia Social e Institucional/UFRGS, realizada em um hospital psiquiátrico público na cidade de Porto Alegre/Brasil. O objetivo do estudo é investigar como a internação psiquiátrica, nesses moldes, é produzida, levando em conta as trajetórias sociais dos adolescentes. A disc...

  20. La práctica de la diligencia judicial de autopsia en los supuestos de fallecidos en los que se han extraído órganos para su trasplante

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.J. Pérez Jorge

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available En España, el número de donaciones de fallecidos judiciales es mayor que en otros países de nuestro entorno, posiblemente porque el modelo español facilita en gran medida la interconexión activa entre el médico forense, el Juez de guardia y los coordinadores de trasplantes. Desde esta perspectiva humana, enaltece a la sociedad, basándose en la solidaridad y el altruismo por parte del donante y su familia. También la dota de un alto nivel sociocultural y técnico, tanto por la cantidad como por la calidad de los profesionales que intervienen en todo el operativo de trasplantes. En el presente trabajo se analiza la intervención judicial y del médico forense en las donaciones de órganos de cadáveres judiciales, enfatizando sobre las situaciones que en la práctica se pueden producir con respecto a las autopsias, así como en la necesidad de planes de actuación y protocolos que faciliten la intervención de los distintos operadores implicados para minimizar, en la medida de lo posible, el número de negativas judiciales.

  1. Estudio de seis suicidios consumados por ingestión de carbamatos en el partido judicial de La Laguna (Tenerife durante el período 1998-2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.L Suárez Solá

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Las Islas Canarias son una de las regiones españolas con mayor incidencia de intoxicaciones por plaguicidas (1. En este trabajo se han estudiado los suicidios consumados por carbamatos en el Partido Judicial de La Laguna entre 1998 y 2002. De un total de 96 muertes suicidas, el 25% (24 casos fueron causados por productos agrícolas. De éstos, el 62,5% (15 casos fueron debidos a Paraquat, el 12,5% (3 casos a organofosforados y el 25% (6 casos a carbamatos. Centramos este estudio en este 25% de muertes por carbamatos profundizando en la letalidad de los mismos. A pesar de no estar incluidos en los programas de productos muy peligrosos por su menor letalidad, en relación a los otros insecticidas, en este trabajo presentamos seis casos clínicos de intoxicación aguda por carbamatos culminados con fallecimientos. El producto comercial más utilizado fue el Lannate. Mayoritariamente fueron varones con antecedentes psiquiátricos y consumo de alcohol. Los hechos ocurrieron en su domicilio y en el medio rural. Constatamos que, a pesar de la normativa sobre la prevención de riesgos laborales, continuamos con una elevada incidencia de esta casuística en las islas canarias

  2. On the relationship between judicial examination and law education%论司法考试与法律教育的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李波

    2013-01-01

    司法考试与法律教育应是一种相互促进、相互协调的关系,但目前我国现行的教育体制往往采取的是司法考试倾向性教育模式,即法律教育为司法考试服务的现象。论文从司法考试与法律教育的关系展开,进一步阐述司法考试对法律教育的促进和阻碍,并提出对司法考试制度改革和法律教育制度改革的设想。%The judicial examination and law education are a kind of mutual promotion, mutual coordination of the relationship, but in our current education system is often taken to be the judicial examination orientation education mode, namely legal education serve for the judicial examination. This paper starts from the relationship between judicial examination and legal education, to further promote and hinder judicial examination on legal education, and put forward the tentative idea of judicial examination system reform and legal reform of the education system.

  3. La mediación a la luz de la tutela judicial efectova.

    OpenAIRE

    Torres Osorio, Edilsa

    2013-01-01

    [ES] Los seres humanos buscamos siempre tener la razón cuando se nos presenta una diferencia con otros/as, que se nos conceda la razón sobre un hecho o que se haga justicia ante una circunstancia que pensamos que es injusta o contraria al derecho. Así, aparece en las relaciones humanas: ¿el tener un derecho o no tenerlo¿; y nace la necesidad de que el Estado limite, a través de las leyes, cuáles son los derechos y las obligaciones frente al/a la otro/a y a su vez que, determine las vías legal...

  4. DISERTACIÓN SOBRE JUSTICIA Y EQUIDAD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sayuri P. Tamura M.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available «Disertación sobre equidad y justicia» es básicamente una respuesta a una inquietud en particular que yo tenía sobre las distintas posiciones que existen sobre estos dos temas y cómo definir cuál es la más acertada. Hice una descripción del punto de vista de Amartya Sen –la violación de los derechos sobre la propiedad privada es justificable si evitan las hambrunas2– frente al de Robert Nozick –la propiedad privada es un derecho fundamental y como tal debe ser respetado3–, sin embargo, aunque ambos enfoques son totalmente contrarios tienen mucho sentido, por lo cual es bastante difícil decidirse por uno en particular. Fue de esta forma, enfrentando sus opiniones, que yo logré desarrollar una posición frente a estas dos perspectivas, y así dar mi opinión al DISERTACIÓN SOBRE JUSTICIA Y EQUIDAD SAYURI P. TAMURA M. Estudiante de Economía y Negocios Internacionales de la Universidad ICESI. respecto. Al final, llegué a una conclusión, que aunque no es la más original y tampoco es la única, tiene mucho sentido y seguramente de ser posible, la situación del país podría cambiar para bien.

  5. Psychometric evaluation of the Forensic Inpatient Observation Scale (FIOS in youngsters with a judicial measure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van Nieuwenhuizen Chijs

    2011-09-01

    judicial measures. What remains to be seen is whether this instrument is sensitive enough to register all aspects of behavioral changes, whether the interrater reliability is sufficient, and whether it has predictive validity to relapse and recidivism.

  6. SHIFTING JUDICIAL CONCEPTIONS OF 'RECONCILIATION': GEOGRAPHIC COMMITMENTS UNDERPINNING ABORIGINAL RIGHTS DECISIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael McCrossan

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Over the course of the past twenty years, the Supreme Court of Canada’s discourse concerning ‘reconciliation’ has shifted from moderating federal power to reconciling the preceding presence of Aboriginal people with an established sovereign (Crown presence.  While scholars postulated that the Court was attempting to maintain colonial relations of power, substantive answers for this discursive shift are lacking within the literature.  This paper provides a comprehensive explanation of this shift by comparing the hearing transcripts in the ‘Aboriginal rights trilogy’ to their corresponding written decisions.  It argues that particular judicial and geographic commitments underlie the concept of ‘reconciliation’ and ultimately serve to represent Aboriginal identity as inescapably ‘Canadian.’   Au cours des vingt dernières années, le discours de la Cour suprême du Canada concernant la « réconciliation » est passé de l’atténuation du pouvoir fédéral à la conciliation entre la présence antérieure des Autochtones et une présence souveraine (de la Couronne établie. Bien que les universitaires aient affirmé que la Cour tentait de maintenir des relations de pouvoir coloniales, l’évolution du discours n’est pas expliquée de façon concrète dans la littérature. Le présent article explique cette évolution de façon détaillée en comparant les transcriptions d’audience dans la « trilogie sur les droits ancestraux » à leurs décisions écrites correspondantes. Il fait valoir que des engagements judiciaires et géographiques particuliers sous-tendent le concept de la « réconciliation » et servent en définitive à représenter l’identité autochtone comme étant inévitablement « canadienne ».

  7. Rastros: dizendo sobre os fazeres/dizeres

    OpenAIRE

    MELLO MARISOL BARENCO CORRÊA DE

    2001-01-01

    Com vistas ao aclaramento de noções erroneamente herdadas do contexto social e histórico da cultura moderna ocidental, que teve/tem como um de seus projetos o "apagamento" do sujeito, ou o distanciamento entre os sujeitos e suas formas de fazer, dizer, pensar, este artigo pretende contribuir com elementos para a construção de um outro paradigma nas ciências humanas. Trata-se de um relato sobre o processo de construção de nossa própria pesquisa, articulado à reflexão sobre as diversas formas d...

  8. Sobre la esclavitud: libro de artista

    OpenAIRE

    MACHADO JIMÉNEZ, ALBERTO

    2015-01-01

    Sobre la esclavitud es un libro de artista, donde encontraremos imágenes acompañadas de breves frases que hacen referencia al tema propuesto en cada ilustración para que así se pueda comprender mejor la intención de este trabajo, reflexionar sobre la manera que tenemos de ver las cosas, en este caso, con respecto a la esclavitud. Dar a conocer distintas formas de ser esclavo en este sistema sería uno de los objetivos principales. Hacer litografías, dibujos con el uso de acua...

  9. Logic Approaches to Judicial Argument%试析司法论证的逻辑学进路

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    夏卫国

    2011-01-01

    基于不同的法理学观就有不同的法律逻辑观。在形式主义法理观下,司法论证具有多元的单调逻辑系统。在实用主义法理观下,司法论证的逻辑基础是非单调基础逻辑和非单调应用逻辑。因此,单调逻辑是司法论证的必要基础,尽管不够用,非单调逻辑是对单调逻辑的补充,而不是对单调逻辑的否定,司法论证的任务在于把握非单调推理和单调推理在实际司法推理中的作用机理。"非单调应用逻辑"可以作为评价司法论证实质向度和程序向度的推理有效性工具。这一研究领域正成为法律逻辑新的增长点。%In view of legal pragmatism,logical basis of Judicial Argument is non-monotonic logic.Therefore,the monotonic logic is a necessary foundation for the judicial argument,though not enough,non-monotonic logic is monotonic logic of the supplement,rather than the monotonic logic of negation,monotonic reasoning and non-monotonic reasoning have the joint work in the actual judicial reasoning."Non-monotony of applied logic" can be used tools of reasoning effectiveness as evaluating the real dimension and procedural dimension.The field of research is becoming a new growth point of legal logic.

  10. 媒体监督对司法活动的影响%The Influence of Media Supervision upon Judicial Trial

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王中相

    2013-01-01

    媒体监督司法活动,可以有效的保证司法的公平正义,但是当由媒体监督滑向媒体审判时,这将严重影响司法独立和司法公正。之所以会产生这种现象,究其原因是倡导言论自由的新闻媒体与强调司法独立的司法审判活动是一对天然的矛盾,司法独立对媒体监督具有排斥性,而媒体监督对司法独立具有天然的侵犯性。文章尝试着分析媒体监督对司法活动的影响,并试图找出协调二者之间矛盾的方案。%That the media supervises judicial activities can ensure judicial fairness and justice effectively. However, if the media changes from supervision to monitoring, the judicial independence and justice can be seriously affected. The reason why this phenomenon exists is that we promote the media's freedom of expres-sion and emphasize judicial activities independence at the same time. The media and the judicial activity are a pair of natural contradiction, in which independent judiciary has exclusive supervision of the media, and the media supervision has a natural aggressiveness to the judicial independence. The author tries to analyze the impacts of media supervision to the judicial activity and attempts to find an answer to solve the contradiction.

  11. Derechos humanos y dialogo judicial entre America y Europa: ¿hacia un nuevo modelo de Derecho?

    OpenAIRE

    Ansuátegui Roig, Francisco Javier

    2016-01-01

    En un contexto de progresiva desterritorialización del Derecho, el análisis del diálogo judicial presenta determinadas utilidades a la hora de reformular algunos aspectos de una determinada forma de entender el Derecho, caracterizada por el principio de territorialidad y por una teoría de las fuentes del Derecho en la que el juez tiene una posición claramente secundaria en relación con el legislador y en la que las fuentes son relevantes desde el momento en que se enti...

  12. O direito internacional em sua aplicação por cortes e tribunais: rumo a um sistema judicial internacional?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Camilla Capucio

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Partindo da análise do direito internacional como um sistema, coeso e unitário, em negação ao discurso da fragmentação, este trabalho objetiva destacar a aplicação deste corpus juris na atualidade. Assim, são visitados não somente os tribunais e cortes internacionais, mas inclusive os órgãos judiciais internos. Por fim, é brevemente comentada a integração entre essas instituições, de modo a constituírem um sistema judicial internacional.

  13. Problemas en torno al consentimiento sexual en el tratamiento judicial de los delitos sexuales, Bs. As. 1866-1921

    OpenAIRE

    Riva, Betina Clara

    2015-01-01

    En los últimos años, los delitos sexuales se han convertido en objeto de preocupación para la sociedad; esto se vio reforzado por las nuevas formas de pensar y vivir las relaciones humanas inter e intra-género/s y especialmente las elecciones sexuales. En este trabajo la autora propone volver a poner en debate algunas cuestiones que hacen al problema de la definición judicial y a la comprensión del consentimiento en el contexto específico delitos sexuales (delitos contra la honestidad) en ...

  14. Desarrollo y perspectiva del Centro de Capacitación Judicial Electoral del Tribunal Electoral de México

    OpenAIRE

    Leonor Garay Morales; Luis Eduardo Medina Torres

    2012-01-01

    El Centro de Capacitación Judicial Electoral (CCJE) del Tribunal Electoral de México (TEPJF) planea y ejecuta actividades de capacitación, investigación, difusión, formación y actualización en el ámbito de las acciones de importancia para la vida institucional y jurisdiccional del TEPJF, asimismo constituyen una vía de preparación y actualización para autoridades electorales, partidos políticos, instituciones educativas, la ciudadanía y órganos gubernamentales y no gubernamentales...

  15. Representándose al “otro migrante”: el poder judicial como institución estatal-nacional

    OpenAIRE

    González, Anahí P.

    2013-01-01

    El artículo aborda la problemática de la construcción de la otredad del migrante internacional. En primer lugar, se profundiza en algunas categorías teóricas acerca de la idea de nación y nacionalidad para, luego, analizar cuáles son algunas de las representaciones sociales de miembros del poder judicial del Área Metropolitana de Buenos Aires (AMBA) acerca de los migrantes externos recientemente llegados a nuestro país. Así, a partir de una dimensión de dichas representaciones referida a la c...

  16. La intervención judicial en la adopción de medidas cautelares en el arbitraje comercial internacional

    OpenAIRE

    Lapiedra Alcamí, Rosa

    2003-01-01

    RESUMEN El proyecto de Tesis doctoral titulado la intervención judicial en la adopción de medidas cautelares en el arbitraje comercial internacional tiene como objeto analizar los diferentes problemas teóricos y prácticos que plantea la tutela cautelar en el marco de un procedimiento arbitral. Se trata de una cuestión que presenta una enorme trascendencia práctica, en cuanto que, en ocasiones, la eficacia misma del arbitraje puede depender de la adopción de una medida de protección adecuad...

  17. Perfil del menor con expediente judicial en el equipo técnico del juzgado de Castellón

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Miralles, Marta; Cuervo Gómez, Keren; Villanueva Badenes, Lidón

    2015-01-01

    Han sido numerosos los estudios que muestran en España diferentes características de los menores con expediente judicial, analizando aspectos relacionados con el sexo, tipo de delito, edad y número de expedientes. En España, en relación al sexo de los menores, existe un porcentaje de chicos del 87.3 % y un 12.7 % en chicas (Capdevila, 2005). En relación a los tipos de delitos cometidos, el 32.68 % pertenecen a robos con fuerza, el 24.44 % hurtos, y el 23.24 % a robos con violen...

  18. 论电子数据的刑事司法适用%On Criminal Judicial Application for Electronic Data

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    天津市人民检察院第二分院课题组

    2014-01-01

    Since Criminal Procedure Law of the People's Republic of China was revised and implemented in 2012, the electronic data in the criminal judicial proof has played an increasingly important role. However, there is no ready-made answers to these specific problems in judicial practice such as how to collect electron-ic data, how to examine the authenticity and legitimacy of electronic data, how to carry out the burden of proof, cross-examination and authentication of electronic data. The group introduces the basic categories of elec-tronic data, the proposed electronic data collection, identification, examination and certification of specific rules. In particular, according to the abstract model of judicial proceedings, detailed description of electronic data collection rules which can provide electronic data criminal justice with applicable legal and technical procedures becomes the problems needed solving in judicial theory and practice.%继2012年中华人民共和国刑事诉讼法修订实施后,电子数据在刑事司法证明中发挥的作用越来越重要。然而,如何提取电子数据、审查电子数据的真实性与合法性、对电子数据进行举证、质证和认证?司法实践中的这些具体问题尚无现成答案。确定电子数据基本范畴,并对电子数据在侦查、起诉、审判中存在的问题进行综合分析,界定电子数据收集、鉴定、审查、认证的具体规则,特别是根据抽象司法程序模型,对电子数据的取证规则进行详细地叙述与论证,为电子数据的刑事司法适用提供切实可行的具有法律性和技术性的操作规程,就成为司法实践和司法理论界急需解决的问题。

  19. A COURT DIVIDED: HARLAN FISKE STONE, JUDICIAL REVIEW, AND ADMINISTRATIVE REGULATION OF THE ECONOMY, 1941-1946

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harvey Graham Hudspeth

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available This essay examines the Supreme Court of Harlan Fiske Stone and its record in the area of government regulation of the economy. As most scholars know, the pre-1937 Court was often dominated by an infamous “Four Horseman” team of economic conservatives who rejected any and all efforts at government regulation. Ironically, by 1943, the Court was often dominated by an equally infamous team of economic radicals who favored government regulation at seemingly all costs — Even at the expense of judicial review.

  20. Consideraciones sobre diferentes procesos productivos y sus consecuencias sobre el medio ambiente

    OpenAIRE

    Caridad Ramos Alvariño

    2004-01-01

    En el presente trabajo se exponen algunas consideraciones sobre diferentes procesos productivos y sus consecuencias sobre el medio ambiente. La disminución del impacto negativo de algunas producciones sobre el medio ambiente es favorable, pero el problema va más allá y de lo que se trata es de la necesidad de una transformación sostenible de las producciones que puedan conducir a una vida agradable y una naturaleza conservada entre otras muchas cuestiones que agobian hoy al mundo. La solución...

  1. Accountability e independência judiciais: uma análise da competência do Conselho Nacional de Justiça (CNJ Accountability and judicial independence: an analysis of competence of the National Council of Justice (CNJ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fabrício Ricardo de Limas Tomio

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available A Constituição de 1988 atribuiu substancial independência ao poder judiciário. Há garantias institucionais (autonomia financeira/administrativa e autogoverno, garantias funcionais (vitaliciedade, irredutibilidade salarial e inamovibilidade e proteção à independência. De outro lado, apesar da substancial independência judicial, observavam-se antes da EC 45/2004 (reforma do judiciário e criação do CNJ profundos déficits de accountability vertical judicial (possibilidade de os cidadãos controlarem e influenciarem as ações do judiciário e accountability horizontal judicial (controle de juízes e tribunais por outros órgãos judiciários. O artigo analisa, a partir da definição e diferenciação do conceito de accountability judicial e do arranjo institucional posterior à EC 45/2004, como as competências do CNJ podem ser exercidas para ampliar os mecanismos de accountabilities e de controle do judiciário sem restringir a independência decisional judicial.The 1988 Brazilian Federal Constitution granted substantial independence to the judiciary. There are institutional guarantees (financial and administrative autonomies / self-governance, functional guarantees (tenure, irremovability and irreducible salary and protection of independence. On the other hand, despite the substantial judicial independence is observed before the Constitutional Amendment (EC 45/2004 (judicial reform and creating of National Council of Justice - CNJ deep deficits of vertical-judicial accountability (possibility for citizens to monitor and influence the actions of the judiciary and horizontal-judicial accountability (judges and courts are controled by other judicial bodies. The paper analyzes, from the definition and differentiation of the concept of judicial accountability and institutional arrangement subsequent to EC 45/2004, as the powers of the CNJ may be exercised to extend the mechanisms of control and accountabilities of the judiciary without

  2. Las fuentes cristianas sobre Jesús

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melero Martínez, J.M.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo es una presentación de las fuentes históricas sobre Jesús de Nazaret: fuentes sinópticas, fuente Q, fuentes afines a la gnosis, fragmentos de evangelio con material sinóptico o joánico, evangelios judeocristianos y otras fuentes.

  3. Sobre un sistema no lineal de epidemias

    OpenAIRE

    Ortega S., Luis

    2012-01-01

    Un modelo sobre epidemias que describe la población infectada y la población susceptible de ser infectada en el cual se toma en consideraci6n el efecto de difusión es el siguiente: [Formula Matemática].

  4. Puente pretensado sobre el Guadarrama. Villalba

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    Páez, A.

    1958-12-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se describe y comenta la solución dada al puente de hormigón pretensado sobre el río Guadarrama, primero de los construidos mediante dovelas prefabricadas y solidarizadas después, mediante el pretensado de la armadura longitudinal.

  5. Sobre o natural e o actor

    OpenAIRE

    Tavares, Margarida

    2010-01-01

    Neste artigo, procura-se reflectir sobre o conceito de natural quando aplicado ao trabalho do actor. Parte-se de quatro relevantes textos da dramaturgia ocidental, a saber: Hamlet, de Shakespeare; Crítica da ‘Escola das mulheres’ e O improviso de Versalhes, de Molière; e O teatro cómico, de Goldoni.

  6. O Manicômio Judiciário: saúde ou justiça? The Judiciary Mental Hospital: a question of health or of law?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evelin Naked de Castro Sá

    1985-10-01

    Full Text Available O Manicômio Judiciário, por ser um hospital-presídio, pode estar subordinado tanto à Secretaria da Saúde como à Justiça. Como elementos de análise dessa decisão, são apresentadas comparações estruturais e de recursos humanos entre o Manicômio Judiciário e a Penitenciária de Araraquara, entre a situação de recursos humanos do Manicômio em 1981 e 1984 e entre os salários de algumas funções de servidores ligados àqueles tipos de instituições. As conclusões apontam a Secretaria da Justiça como a mais adequada para subordinar o Manicômio Judiciário, desde que tomadas algumas medidas de modernização organizacional. É sugerido um quadro de pessoal estruturado percentualmente por subgrupos de funções. As propostas relativas ao pessoal necessitam ser tratadas em leis complementares que garantam, por sua hierarquia, o atendimento das condições excepcionais de trabalho do Manicômio Judiciário.As the Manicômio Judiciário (a Judiciary Mental Health Hospital is a hospital-prison it could be subordinated either to the State Health Department or to the Department of Justice. In order to reach a sound decision regarding this issue, structural and human resource comparisons as between the Manicômio Judiciário on one side and the Araraquara Prison on the other are provided. Comparisons between the status of the human resources of the Manicômio Judiciário in 1981 and 1984 and between the wages earned by workers exercising similar functions and belonging to similar institutions are also presented. The conclusion points to the Department of Justice as the most adequate institution to which the Manicômio Judiciário should be subordinated, provided some up-to-date managerial measures are taken. A personnel chart is suggested, showing percentages of people organized according to subgroups of functions. The proposals regarding personnel must be dealt with by, supplementary laws which guarantee, adequate provision for the

  7. La justicia ignorada: tratamiento de la información judicial en prensa

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    Liliana María Gutiérrez Coba

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo muestra los resultados de una investigación sobre la manera como la prensa colombiana aborda los temas relacionados con la criminalidad y la justicia, cuyo buen manejo periodístico es indispensable en países que, como los latinoamericanos, presentan altas tasas de corrupción y delincuencia común y organizada. El análisis fue aplicado a seis importantes periódicos colombianos, en los cuales se encontró un bajo interés por los temas de justicia y una peligrosa tendencia a no atribuir la información a las fuentes, lo que resta credibilidad. Se destaca la preocupación de los medios por presentar antecedentes y consecuencias de los hechos, pero se observa la falta de una clara intención orientadora de la opinión pública en temas que, como éstos, requieren de análisis y explicación por su especificidad.

  8. Reason for "Petition Letters About Judicial Justice"%论“涉法信访”产生的原因

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王方

    2011-01-01

    "Petition letters about judicial justice" is one of the unavoidable problems in China,which refers to the lawsuit of citizens,judicial persons,and other organizations for judicial justice. The study traces the source and reason of such cases. It is believed that the reasons come from two possibilities:the incompetence of judicial institutes and over-powerfulness of non judicial institutes.%“涉法信访”是当下中国信访问题中不容回避的问题之一,是指公民、法人或其他组织就与司法相关的事项向非司法部门反映以求解决的活动,其本质是利用人治的力量去解决法治之事情。文章从对两个问题的追问上去探究“涉法信访”产生的原因,认为“涉法信访”之所以存在,其一是当前司法部门的能力不足,其二是非司法部门权力过分强大所致。

  9. Recidiva criminal em 100 internos do Manicômio Judiciário de Franco da Rocha

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    Moscatello Roberto

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Verificar a ocorrência de comportamento criminal recidivo em uma população de internos do Manicômio Judiciário de Franco da Rocha. MÉTODOS: Cem internos de um Manicômio Judiciário em cumprimento de medida de segurança foram entrevistados, sendo todos do sexo masculino e com idades variando de 26 a 80 anos. Os diagnósticos preencheram critérios da CID-10, e os delitos cometidos foram verificados segundo o Código Penal Brasileiro. RESULTADOS: Dos 100 internos avaliados, 41% cometeram um crime, e 59% cometeram mais de um crime. As psicoses esquizofrênicas foram os diagnósticos mais freqüentes nos internos que cometeram um crime e naqueles que cometeram mais de um crime. Os diagnósticos retardo mental e transtornos de personalidade seguiram em freqüência nos que cometeram um crime. Transtornos de personalidade e retardo mental foram os diagnósticos que seguiram em freqüencia nos que cometeram mais de um crime. CONCLUSÕES: As psicoses esquizofrênicas predominaram nos internos avaliados. Crimes contra a vida foram mais comuns entre os que cometeram um crime, enquanto crimes contra o patrimônio predominaram entre os que cometeram mais de um crime.

  10. The Narrative Ability in Judicial Proceedings%论司法过程中当事人的叙事能力

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛高杰

    2011-01-01

    布尔迪厄认为不同的资本带来不同的权力.在司法过程中,不同当事人具有不同的资本,进而影响叙事能力的强弱.只有具有较强资本的当事人,才能够通过叙事来重构对自己有利的案件故事,进而说服法官,使自己的利益诉求得到司法保护.%Bourdieu has an idea that different capital brings different powers. In the judicial process, each litigant has different capital, which affects the strength of narrative ability. Only litigant with strong capital is able to reconstruct the story of the case to his advantage through the narration, and then to protect his interests by persuading the judge, to protect their own interests with judicial protection.

  11. The Right to freedom from CEDO point of view – previous and subsequent to the judicial practice –

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    Gianina Anemona Radu

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The main problems faced by the current criminal justice system are related to overloading of courts andprosecutors, the excessive length of procedures, undue delays in cases and files not finalized due to proceduralreasons. Of these, the extent of preventive arrest, duration of procedures, skills and settlement evidence in criminalmatters were the subject of several cases to the European Court of Human Rights, to which Romania is party. Thecurrent procedural system governed by the Code of Criminal Procedure, subject to frequent legislativeinterventions on the various institutions, led to the uneven application and interpretation of criminal procedurallaw. Therefore, the obvious need to create the appropriate legal framework for the High Court of Cassation andJustice in order to be able to act in the interpretation and uniform application of criminal procedural law. Toachieve these goals has been rethought and reestablished the place and role of each judicial body, and newinstitutions have been introduced, on levels and with competencies meant to ensure separation of functions in thejudicial process and to ensure the conduct of operative procedures, the impartiality and credibility in powerexercising by each judicial body.

  12. Renegociando «la ley y el orden»: reforma judicial y respuesta ciudadana en la Guatemala de posguerra

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    Rachel SIEDER

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo examina las reformas al fortalecimiento del Estado de Derecho en Guatemala implementadas desde la firma de los Acuerdos de Paz de 1996. Pese a los casi 200 millones de dólares en ayuda externa al sector judicial, la impunidad sigue siendo la norma; los procesos judiciales son socavados por redes militares y criminales; la confianza ciudadana en el sistema judicial se mantiene baja y la recurrencia a medidas fuera del sistema –«la privatización de la justicia»– va en aumento. Se cree que los enfoques que se centran en reformar las instituciones legales que actualmente predominan entre los donantes ignoran el contexto histórico específico en el que se formaron los conceptos de «ley», «justicia» y «derecho». Si bien las instituciones son importantes, solamente cuando se entienda el papel del derecho en los procesos de largo plazo de formación del Estado, así como la naturaleza dinámica de las interacciones legales, podremos comenzar a comprender las particularidades del cambio sociolegal.

  13. Judicial Balance From the Perspective of Justice and Mercy%宽严相济下的司法平衡

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    池涛

    2011-01-01

    宽严相济刑事政策长期以来没有明确、具体的要求,缺乏统一的适用标准,依赖于司法人员的主观裁量,使得该政策的适用受人为因素影响较大,执法不统一,无形中影响了该政策整体运用的效果。宽严相济下的司法实务应高度重视现实法治环境,从现行的法律政策和法律规范出发,以社会功能的修复效果为评价这一政策落实状况的基准。%There is no definite and specific policy for criminal law from the perspective of justice and mercy.Since there is no standard as reference,the sentence is affected by subjectivity.The judicial practice from the perspective of justice and mercy calls for the judicial environment.The discussion here concerns the basics for the implement of the policy resulting from the evaluation of the repairing effect of the social function.

  14. 论结果导向的司法裁决%An Analysis of the Result-oriented Judicial Decision

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩振文

    2015-01-01

    When the legal interpretation dilemma and the expected utility maximization are taken into consideration, result-oriented judicial decision, taking a"backward induction" model, is more advantageous to the solution of the hard cases .Case processing guided by the result -oriented judicial thought is in consis-tency with the functional goal of the jurisdiction of social governance .Result-oriented judicial thought aims at solving hard cases , and failure in striking a balance between case types and adjudication thought will not only be of no benefit for solving the conflict between legal stability and case justice , but will also bring rule of law into such a dangerous situation as to be aliened by social consequences and willful law -making .This paper proposes that if the argument between legal dogmatics and social science jurisprudence viewed from the per -spective of rational discussion and communication , legal dogmatics nowadays may open to the empirical social science that stresses experience .And one remarkable feature of legal dogmatics open to social science and lo-cal legal practice is to accept result -oriented judicial thought and to predict and evaluate the social conse-quence of judicial decision by applying the theories and methods of social sciences .%从法律解释遭遇的困境与期望效用最大化角度考虑,结果导向的司法裁决采取先对后果进行预测再评价的"逆推"模式,更有利于疑难案件的解决. 结果导向思维的案件处理与司法权社会治理的功能目标是一致的. 结果导向思维主要服务于疑难案件的解决,若不能很好地把握案件类型与裁决思维的平衡点,不仅无益于消解法安定性与个案正义间的冲突,而且法治也可能面临被社会效果论异化的恣意造法之危险. 以理性商谈沟通的视角审视法教义学与社科法学之争,发现当今法教义学可向经验实证的社会科学开放. 而面向社会科学与本土实践的法教

  15. Accountability e independência judiciais: uma análise da competência do Conselho Nacional de Justiça (CNJ) Accountability and judicial independence: an analysis of competence of the National Council of Justice (CNJ)

    OpenAIRE

    Fabrício Ricardo de Limas Tomio; Ilton Norberto Robl Filho

    2013-01-01

    A Constituição de 1988 atribuiu substancial independência ao poder judiciário. Há garantias institucionais (autonomia financeira/administrativa e autogoverno), garantias funcionais (vitaliciedade, irredutibilidade salarial e inamovibilidade) e proteção à independência. De outro lado, apesar da substancial independência judicial, observavam-se antes da EC 45/2004 (reforma do judiciário e criação do CNJ) profundos déficits de accountability vertical judicial (possibilidade de os cidadãos contro...

  16. El Tratado de Lisboa y el programa de Estocolmo: Los nuevos retos de la cooperación judicial en materia civil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alicia Chicharro Lázaro

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The consolidation of a common area of freedom, security and justice has become one of the priorities of the European Union. Within the policies which compose this space, judicial cooperation in civil matters is an area that has not undergone major changes with the Treaty of Lisbon. However, following the line started in Amsterdam, the new regulation of Title V of the Treaty on the Functioning of the Union provides a legal basis to move forward in a judicial cooperation, which is becoming more and more necessary given the increasing internationalization of private relationships. On the other hand, the Stockholm Program establishes the main goals to achieve in relation to the European judicial area for the next five years. The initiatives related to civil matters will require new European legal instruments, which should be adopted using the tools and procedures provided in Lisbon.

  17. Educating Jurors about Forensic Evidence: Using an Expert Witness and Judicial Instructions to Mitigate the Impact of Invalid Forensic Science Testimony.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eastwood, Joseph; Caldwell, Jiana

    2015-11-01

    Invalid expert witness testimony that overstated the precision and accuracy of forensic science procedures has been highlighted as a common factor in many wrongful conviction cases. This study assessed the ability of an opposing expert witness and judicial instructions to mitigate the impact of invalid forensic science testimony. Participants (N = 155) acted as mock jurors in a sexual assault trial that contained both invalid forensic testimony regarding hair comparison evidence, and countering testimony from either a defense expert witness or judicial instructions. Results showed that the defense expert witness was successful in educating jurors regarding limitations in the initial expert's conclusions, leading to a greater number of not-guilty verdicts. The judicial instructions were shown to have no impact on verdict decisions. These findings suggest that providing opposing expert witnesses may be an effective safeguard against invalid forensic testimony in criminal trials.

  18. Educating Jurors about Forensic Evidence: Using an Expert Witness and Judicial Instructions to Mitigate the Impact of Invalid Forensic Science Testimony.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eastwood, Joseph; Caldwell, Jiana

    2015-11-01

    Invalid expert witness testimony that overstated the precision and accuracy of forensic science procedures has been highlighted as a common factor in many wrongful conviction cases. This study assessed the ability of an opposing expert witness and judicial instructions to mitigate the impact of invalid forensic science testimony. Participants (N = 155) acted as mock jurors in a sexual assault trial that contained both invalid forensic testimony regarding hair comparison evidence, and countering testimony from either a defense expert witness or judicial instructions. Results showed that the defense expert witness was successful in educating jurors regarding limitations in the initial expert's conclusions, leading to a greater number of not-guilty verdicts. The judicial instructions were shown to have no impact on verdict decisions. These findings suggest that providing opposing expert witnesses may be an effective safeguard against invalid forensic testimony in criminal trials. PMID:26234166

  19. Uma "morte suave": valores religiosos e laicos nos discursos sobre ortotanásia A "gentle death", religious and lay values in the discourses about orthothanasia

    OpenAIRE

    Rachel Aisengart Menezes; Edlaine de Campos Gomes

    2012-01-01

    Este artigo aborda a controvérsia em torno da gestão do término da vida, a partir da análise da ação civil pública provocada pelo Ministério Público Federal, com o intuito de revogar a Resolução 1805/2006 do Conselho Federal de Medicina sobre a ortotanásia. Consideram-se aqui os argumentos médico e jurídico, em suas articulações com valores religiosos. A reflexão acerca dos discursos no processo judicial, em defesa de cada posicionamento (favorável e contrário à autorização legal da ortotanás...

  20. On the Realization of Judicialization of Corporate Social Responsibility%论我国公司社会责任司法化的实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟颖

    2014-01-01

    推动公司社会责任落实的途径有很多,但司法化无疑是推动其有效落实的最有效的方式之一。司法依据的明确和诉讼规则的健全是公司社会责任司法化实现的前提性要件。《公司法》第五条是公司社会责任内容复杂性的折射,也是公司法适应性品格的体现。围绕第五条的价值宣示,我们可以从司法化依据的明确、诉讼规则的完善、公司社会责任司法建议制度的构建、法官商业素养的培养四方面来推动公司社会责任的司法化。%Among many ways to promote the implementation of corporate social responsibility,judicialization is with-out doubt one of the most effective. Clear definition of the foundation of judicialization and the perfection of the pro-cedural rules are the prerequisite to the judicialization of corporate social responsibility. Article 5 of the Company Law is not only a reflection of the complexity of corporate social responsibility,but also a manifestation of the adap-tive character of the law. Based on Article 5,we can promote the judicialization of corporate social responsibility from the following four aspects,namely,clearly defining the foundation of judicialization,perfecting the procedure rules,constructing the mechanism of judicial proposals of the corporate social responsibility,and cultivating business literacy of judges.

  1. Análise técnica para a tomada de decisão do fornecimento de medicamentos pela via judicial

    OpenAIRE

    Eloisa Israel de Macedo; Luciane Cruz Lopes; Silvio Barberato-Filho

    2011-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Analisar a solicitação judicial de medicamentos previstos nos componentes da assistência farmacêutica no Sistema Único de Saúde. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados 81 processos judiciais para fornecimento de medicamentos no Estado de São Paulo, entre 2005 e 2009. As informações dos processos foram obtidas do Tribunal de Justiça do Estado de São Paulo. Portarias que regulamentam a assistência farmacêutica foram consultadas para identificar a solicitação judicial de medicamentos incorporados p...

  2. LAWYERS’ PERCEPTIONS OF THE FAIRNESS OF JUDICIAL ASSISTANCE TO SELF-REPRESENTED LITIGANTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jona Goldschmidt

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available How much assistance should a trial judge provide a self-represented litigant [SRL] before the judge’s impartiality will be reasonably questioned? This question has been of continuing concern to both the bench and bar ever since the rise of the pro se litigation movement in the late 1990s, particularly in the context of “mixed” cases involving an SRL and a represented party. Case law and ethics codes provide inconsistent decisions and vague guidelines for judges, who must balance their duty to provide reasonable assistance with their duty to ensure a fair trial for all parties. This paper reports the results of a survey administered to 210 Canadian family law practitioners who were presented with 16 hypothetical scenarios involving an SRL and a represented party. Respondents indicated their views regarding the impartiality and helpfulness of the trial judge in each scenario, involving various procedural defaults by the SRL and different forms of judicial assistance or lack thereof. The results indicate that lawyers' perceptions of a judge's impartiality are affected, inter alia, by the favourability of the outcome for the SRL, and whether the assistance provided dealt with procedural or substantive matters. Future research is needed to determine whether a consensus can be established regarding perceptions of lawyers, lay persons, and judges regarding which forms of assistance are reasonable and required, permissible, or impermissible. Jusqu’à quel point un juge de première instance peut-il venir en aide à une partie qui se représente elle-même sans que son impartialité puisse raisonnablement être mise en doute? Cette question ne cesse de préoccuper les juges et les avocats depuis l’essor qu’a pris le phénomène de l’autoreprésentation à la fin des années 1990, en particulier dans le contexte des cas « mixtes », impliquant une partie qui se représente elle-même et une partie représentée par un avocat. La

  3. NOVO CÓDIGO DE PROCESSO CIVIL E FUNDAMENTAÇÃO DA DECISÃO JUDICIAL: HORIZONTES ARGUMENTATIVO E HERMENÊUTICO / NEW PROCEDURAL CIVIL CODE AND RATIONALE OF JUDICIAL DECISIONS: ARGUMENTATIVE AND HERMENEUTIC HORIZONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Túlio de Medeiros Jales

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The research aims to point out and discuss two specific problems involving the time of the court decision and relate them to the New Civil Procedure Code (NCPC devices. The lack of reasons for decisions, with regard to the absence of justification in the formation of the reasons to decide, and the lack of integrity and consistency in legal phenomenon, represented by the emergence of concepts and different responses to the jurisdictional institutes and demands are or not overcomed with the precepts brought by the New Code of Civil Procedure? It demonstrates that the NCPC rationalize and qualify the concept of decision presented in the article. 93, IX of the Constitution to help raise judicial law institutes - overviews and unprecedented - to post-positivist paradigm able to make them act as catalysts of integrity and consistency in the interpretation/application of the legal phenomenon.

  4. Observaciones sobre didáctica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfonso Tamayo Valencia

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available  En el presente artículo, a partir de la conceptualización sobre didáctica y enseñanza, se plantean sus posibilidades en la educación superior, especialmente cuando reflexionamos en las prácticas de enseñanza desde un saber hacer que supere el hacer de esquemas tácitos y espontáneos que caracteriza en buena parte docencia universitaria. Desde esta perspectiva se aboga por la renovación de la concepción de la didáctica desde una postura epistemológica y psicológica sobre la manera como se construye el conocimiento.

  5. The judicialization of Israeli Military Ethics La judiciarisation de l’éthique militaire en Israël

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    Samia Chouchane

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available For many years, the judicial activism of the Israeli Supreme Court constituted one of the most impassioned debates in Israeli politics, particularly in respect of the definition of the role which the highest judicial institution in the country should play in military issues. The Supreme Court’s most controversial interventions pertain to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and these are so numerous that the Court can be considered an active player in the task of defining what the Israeli Defence Forces are allowed to do or not in warfare. This judicial activism in the realm of the IDF’s ethics is rooted in the wide-scale phenomenon of the “judicialization” of politics and of the entire public sphere in Israel. This phenomenon has contributed to the emergence of a new culture within the armed forces, which is characterized by a deep awareness that the Supreme Court can, at any time, intervene, control and, if necessary, punish.Depuis plusieurs années maintenant, l’hyperactivisme de la Cour Suprême n’a cessé d’alimenter des débats passionnés en Israël sur le rôle et le contrôle que peut exercer la plus haute institution judiciaire du pays dans le conflit. Et parmi les interventions les plus critiquées figurent les très nombreuses décisions de la cour dans les affaires militaires rendant ainsi progressivement la Cour, juge de ce que Tsahal est autorisé ou pas de faire. L’origine d’un tel phénomène se situe clairement dans l’évidente judiciarisation du conflit israélo-palestinien, créatrice de nombreuses contraintes juridiques, bon an mal an intégrées par une armée sommée de prendre en considération que la sécurité nationale ne peut plus être assurée indépendamment du respect du droit. Progressivement, la Cour Suprême israélienne est devenue actrice de cette éthique militaire israélienne au point de créer une culture nouvelle chez les militaires, fondatrice de ce que nous appelons la

  6. La judiciarisation de l’éthique militaire en Israël The judicialization of Israeli Military Ethics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samia Chouchane

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Depuis plusieurs années maintenant, l’hyperactivisme de la Cour Suprême n’a cessé d’alimenter des débats passionnés en Israël sur le rôle et le contrôle que peut exercer la plus haute institution judiciaire du pays dans le conflit. Et parmi les interventions les plus critiquées figurent les très nombreuses décisions de la cour dans les affaires militaires, rendant ainsi progressivement la Cour juge de ce que Tsahal est autorisé ou pas de faire. L’origine d’un tel phénomène se situe clairement dans l’évidente judiciarisation du conflit israélo-palestinien, créatrice de nombreuses contraintes juridiques, bon an mal an intégrées par une armée sommée de prendre en considération que la sécurité nationale ne peut plus être assurée indépendamment du respect du droit. Progressivement, la Cour Suprême israélienne est devenue actrice de cette éthique militaire israélienne au point de créer une culture nouvelle chez les militaires, fondatrice de ce que nous appelons la « conscience du recours » : à tout moment, le juge peut intervenir, contrôler la légalité des opérations et sanctionner le cas échéant.For many years, the judicial activism of the Israeli Supreme Court constituted one of the most impassioned debates in Israeli politics, particularly in respect of the definition of the role which the highest judicial institution in the country should play in military issues. The Supreme Court’s most controversial interventions pertain to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and these are so numerous that the Court can be considered an active player in the task of defining what the Israeli Defence Forces are allowed to do or not in warfare. This judicial activism in the realm of the IDF’s ethics is rooted in the wide-scale phenomenon of the “judicialization” of politics and of the entire public sphere in Israel. This phenomenon has contributed to the emergence of a new culture within the armed forces

  7. Consideraciones sobre la motricidad del violinista

    OpenAIRE

    Allende, Pablo

    2009-01-01

    Comienza la exposición hablando de que intenta prevenir las patologías en los violinistas mediante secuencias de ejercicios específicos, de diferentes técnicas corporales y fisioterapéuticas. Presenta datos estadísticos sobre el índice de patologías que se encuentran entre estos intérpretes para por último presentar tablas de ejercicios propiamente dichas para intentar paliar estas dolencias

  8. Productos derivados sobre bienes de consumo

    OpenAIRE

    Francisco Venegas Martinez; Salvador Cruz Ake

    2010-01-01

    Este trabajo de investigacion desarrolla un modelo de equilibrio general con expectativas racionales en tiempo continuo util para la determinacion de precios de contratos forward, contratos futuros, bonos cupon cero y opciones europeas (de compra y venta) sobre bienes de consumo. Para ello, el modelo considera un individuo representativo en una economia con dos bienes, los cuales son producidos con tecnologias estocasticas. Por ultimo, el modelo propuesto permite examinar estrategias para obt...

  9. Reflexiones sobre el concepto de justicia

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    Víctor C. Pascual Planchuelo

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Este ensayo constituye una reflexión sobre el concepto de Justicia. No se centra, como tantos estudios al respecto, en el plano teórico y metafísico, sino que atiende problemas de mayor actualidad: la opinión de los ciudadanos, la postura de los profesionales y otros asuntos controvertidos del ámbito del Derecho.

  10. Neopolares de problemas de empaquetamiento sobre semigrupos

    OpenAIRE

    Aráoz Durand, Julián Arturo

    1982-01-01

    Los neopolares permiten caracterizar las caras de un poliedro combinatorio como vértices de poliedros altamente estructurados. Esto sirve para generar planos de cortes y para obtener propiedades duales en problemas de programación entera. Gomory caracterizó neopolares para problemas sobre grupos, Aráoz en "Polyhedral Neopolarities" extendió estos resultados a semigrupos de cubrimiento. En este trabajo se caracterizan neopolares importantes de semigrupos de empaquetamiento que incluyen los pro...

  11. The Forms of Judicial Anomie in China and Its Correction%中国司法失范形态及其矫正

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张倩

    2016-01-01

    “Anomie” is originally a concept in sociology. It was first put forward by the French sociologist Emile Durkheim, and the American scholar Morton developed the theory later on. Introduing “anomie” into the judicial field can vividly describe the problems that exist in the judicial operation. Judicial anomie is the state that the judicial practice gets out of the judicial rules control due to the imbalance of cultural goals and institutionalized means. Judicial anomie behaviors in the progress of the jurisdiction are still common, such as judicial anomie, lack of legal norms, lack of ability of specification.This has not only severely eroded the judi⁃cial authority of China, but also damaged the vital interests of the people.To rectify the anomie phenomenon in the process of judicial power operation, we can perfect the legal system, strengthen the judicial punishment mechanism and improve the quality of the law. Only defining the behaviors and correcting the judicial anomie can reinstate the judicial authority and protect the rights and interests of citizens.%“失范”原本是社会学中的概念,最早是由法国社会学家涂尔干提出的,而后美国学者默顿发展了此理论。将“失范”一词引入司法中,能够形象地描述中国司法运行中的问题。司法失范是指司法过程中存在的因文化目标与制度化手段的不平衡而导致的司法行为与司法规则的离散状态。在中国司法权运行过程中,存在司法失范现象,具体表现为司法规范之阙如、司法规范之不能、司法权力之滥用,这些不仅严重侵蚀了中国的司法权威,而且损害了人民的切身利益。针对中国司法权运行过程中出现的失范现象,可以从完善司法体系、强化司法惩戒机制、提高司法者素质等方面进行矫正。只有明确中国司法失范的表现形式及其矫正方式,才能重建中国的司法权威、保障公民权利。

  12. When is a Bill of Rights Fit for Judicial Review? The Limitation of Rights Regime in the Netherlands Considered

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    Gerhard van der Schyff

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Justifying the judicial application of fundamental rights is forever a fiercely debated topic. Equally important, but often less studied, is the question of whether the formulation of rights, and in particular the limitation regime applicable to rights, conduct or aid the proper review of such provisions. As the Netherlands debates whether to allow a constitutional review of (some fundamental rights the question arises as to the suitability of its limitation regime. This question is addressed by reference to general limitation theory. In particular attention will be paid to the notion of what constitutes a limit in constitutional theory in order for two limitation models (a one-stage and a two-stage model to be developed. The models will then be applied to the situation under the Constitution of the Netherlands, as well as to recent reform proposals by the State Commission on Constitutional Reform. The contribution concludes with some general thoughts on the function of limitation provisions.

  13. Qualidade de vida no trabalho e risco de adoecimento: estudo no poder judiciário brasileiro

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    Lívia Carolina Fernandes

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available A pesquisa visou caracterizar a Qualidade de Vida no Trabalho (QVT em um órgão do Poder Judiciário com base na percepção de seus trabalhadores. A abordagem teórico-metodológica adotada foi a Ergonomia da Atividade Aplicada à Qualidade de Vida no Trabalho (EAA_QVT. Participaram da pesquisa 5.164 trabalhadores. A análise quantitativa apontou que, globalmente, os trabalhadores avaliam a QVT em uma zona de bem-estar moderado. O fator mais crítico foi "organização do trabalho", enquanto o fator avaliado mais positivamente foi "elo trabalho-vida social". A pesquisa forneceu subsídios para uma intervenção que consolide as fontes de bem-estar, visando à prevenção de agravos à saúde e à promoção da QVT.

  14. ¿ARGUMENTACIÓN O DEMOSTRACIÓN EN LA DECISIÓN JUDICIAL? UNA MIRADA EN EL ESTADO CONSTITUCIONAL

    OpenAIRE

    Javier Orlando Aguirre Román; Pedro Antonio García Obando; Ana Patricia Pabón Mantilla

    2009-01-01

    El texto plantea el problema en torno a la decisión judicial correcta teniendo en cuenta dos líneas de discusión: primero, la diferenciación en torno a argumentar y demostrar, y segundo, el papel del juez con miras a lograr dicha corrección en el Estado constitucional. Para orientar la solución del problema se revisará un marco teórico con el que se pretende sustentar la tesis según la cual la argumentación en las decisiones judiciales, más que la demostración, es la que permite asegurar que ...

  15. Los perfiles de la competencia judicial internacional en la Ley 54/2007 de adopción internacional

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    Esther Gómez Campelo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The Law 54/2007 of 28 December, on International Adoption, which entered in force on 30th December 2007, has amended the rules of procedure relating to international adoption. The objective of this law is to provide the necessary legal instruments so that the adoptive process takes place with maximum guarantees and the respect for the interests of the children to be adopted. The new Act wants to cover all the involved issues of Private International Law: applicable law, jurisdiction, recognition and enforcement of foreign decisions in matters of adoption. The Spanish legislator has intended to eliminate - although sometimes fails - the legal deficiencies which have motivated in the past unfortunate judicial judgments. The interest of this new Act is evident for many reasons and not all of a legal character

  16. The “Restrictive” Nature of Civil Liability for the Acts of Minors or those under Judicial Interdiction

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    Mirela Costache

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In this study we propose a rigorous analysis of article 1372 of the Civil Code, concerning the nature of vicarious tort liability, focusing on the limited situations of implementing those provisions of civil law. Also, we will relate to previous regulation, subjecting the analysis accuracy with which the current legislator has accurately regulated only two of the three phases of the vicarious tort liability, being current until October 2011. The review will only regard the first of the two forms, and namely, the liability for the prejudice caused by the act of a minor or a person under judicial interdiction. From the analysis and interpretation of the three paragraphs of article 1372 we will identify the restrictive nature in applying this form of liability, in the strict interpretation of the described situations.

  17. Warranties of Albanian criminal law for children protection from “indecency offences” and the Albanian judicial practice

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    Marilda Menkshi

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper will focus on criminal acts of child sexual abuse (sexual offenses. In particular, will be analyzed the category of obscenity as a crime (lat. luksuri. This work will be analyzed under the perspective of the Convention on the Rights of the Child, to reflect the alignment of Albanian criminal law with the Convention, as a minimum guarantee to be provided by the States. Special attention will be paid to the analysis of the criminal legislation, particularly to the offense luksuri, to see its adaptation in the Albanian transition period. There will be special attention to Albanian judicial practice in relation to sexual harassment/obscenity. These will be used to identify the needs of the Albanian legislation, because legislation must not only be written, but must above all be applied.

  18. Cuando los empeños personales son la regla judicial: percepciones subjetivas y valoraciones de la justicia colonial rioplatense

    OpenAIRE

    Gabriela Dalla Corte

    1999-01-01

    A lo largo de este articulo analizaremos las percepciones subjetivas que nos dejó un actor social de la colonia rioplatense a través de una profusa correspondencia privada. Quizás llame la atención el hecho de que el objeto de nuestro interés sean las valoraciones que hizo Jaime Alsina i Verjés del ámbito judicial, del ejercicio del derecho y del significado de la justicia en el contexto histórico y geográfico en que le tocó vivir su vida adulta: el Río de la Plata durante el periodo virreina...

  19. Decisões judiciais sobre acesso aos medicamentos em Pernambuco

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    Artur Stamford

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar as decisões do sistema jurídico sobre acesso da população a medicamentos no Sistema Único de Saúde por via judicial quanto a critérios de decisão e eventuais pressões políticas e econômicas. MÉTODOS: Estudo documental descritivo e retrospectivo de abordagem qualitativa e quantitativa. A coleta de dados foi realizada na Superintendência Estadual de Assistência Farmacêutica de Pernambuco, utilizando-se como fontes de dados 105 ações judiciais e relatórios administrativos de janeiro a junho de 2009. Verificaram-se os medicamentos com pedido ou carta patente no banco de dados do Instituto Nacional de Propriedade Industrial para identificar a frequência das patentes nas ações judiciais. Os dados obtidos foram classificados conforme o Sistema Anatômico Terapêutico Químico. Para análise das decisões judiciais, foi utilizada a teoria dos sistemas sociais autopoiéticos. RESULTADOS: As ações judiciais somaram 134 medicamentos com valor estimado de R$ 4,5 milhões para atender aos tratamentos solicitados; 70,9% dos medicamentos estavam com carta patente ou pedido e se concentraram em três classes terapêuticas: antineoplásicos e moduladores imunológicos, aparelho digestório e metabolismo, órgãos dos sentidos. Foram identificadas seis ideias centrais com os critérios de decisão dos magistrados (Constituição Federal e prescrição médica e as pressões entre os sistemas do direito, da economia e da política quanto ao acesso a medicamentos. CONCLUSÕES: A análise das decisões judiciais fundamentadas na teoria dos sistemas sociais autopoiéticos permitiu identificar as estimulações mútuas (dependências entre o sistema do direito e demais sistemas sociais em relação à questão do acesso dos cidadãos aos medicamentos. Essas dependências foram representadas pela Constituição Federal e pela propriedade intelectual. A Constituição Federal e a prescrição médica foram identificadas como

  20. On Sino-Canadian Criminal Judicial Assistance%中加刑事司法协助问题探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈雄

    2012-01-01

    我国加入世界贸易组织后与世界各国的交往日益频繁,与此同时,跨国犯罪尤其是腐败犯罪正急剧增加,对犯罪分子进行审判将面临证据收集、利用、移交以及犯罪分子的跨国移送等国际层面的问题。要解决这些问题多数情况下必须通过寻求国际刑事司法协助。因此,处理腐败犯罪案件时,我们应该重视国际司法协助的运用,注意对这个问题的研究具有重要的现实意义。%After our country joins World Trade Organization,exchanges with countries around the world become more and more frequent.However transnational crime,especially the corruption crime is increasing rapidly.Comparison of common crime types such as: the criminals fled to exotic,the criminal transfer the illegal income to exotic.At this time,to judge the crime is very difficult.Because we will face the collection,use,transfer of evidence and criminal multinational transfer and other international issues.To solve these problems in most cases we had better to ask for International Criminal Judicial Assistance.Therefore,dealing with corruption crimes,we should attach importance to the application of International Criminal Judicial Assistance.Study on those issues has important practical significance.