WorldWideScience

Sample records for actinium d

  1. Actinium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Keller, C.

    1977-01-01

    There are only very few investigations dealing with the chemical and physical properties of actinium, the lanthanum homologue in the actinide series, 227 Ac, the only long-lived isotope can be produced in gram amounts only by neutron irradiation of 226 Ra, the amounts occurring in nature are too low for isolation (about 1 μg 227 Ac/1 uranium ore). Experimental work with 227 Ac gives rise to a lot of problems due to the radiation characteristics of the 227 Ac daughter nuclides. Therefore, the metal and the only ten solid compounds, prepared up to now, have been isolated in the microgram scale. Due to the high specific activity of 227 Ac, the preparation of a lot of compounds, e.g. metal-organic compounds seems to be very difficult, if not impossible. The properties of actinium in aqueous solutions have been deduced from experiments in the tracer scale only. The present investigations on actinium show that only the oxidation state + 3 exists - only radiopolarographic studies indicate the possibility of a lower valancy state (Ac 2+ ). - This review will give a critical and comprehensive description on the present knowledge about this element. The presently decreasing interest in the development of thermionic batteries using 227 Ac 2 O 3 radionuclide also implies that there will be only small progress in the chemistry of this radio-element in the near future. (orig.) [de

  2. Application of partition chromatography method for separation and analysis of actinium radionuclides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sinitsina, G.S.; Shestakova, I.A.; Shestakov, B.I.; Plyushcheva, N.A.; Malyshev, N.A.; Belyatskij, A.F.; Tsirlin, V.A.

    1979-01-01

    The method of partition chromatography is considered with the use of different extractants for the extraction of actinium-227, actinium-225 and actinium-228. It is advisable to extract actinium-227 from the irradiated radium with the help of D2FGFK. The use of 2DEGFK allows us to separate actinium-227 from alkaline and alkaline-earth elements. Amines have a higher radiative stability. An express-method has been developed for the identification of actinium-227 with TOA by its intrinsic α-emission in nonequilibrium preparations of irradiated radium-226 of small activity. Actinium-225 is extracted from uranium-233 with due regard for the fact that U, Th, and Ac are extracted differently by TBP from HNO 3 solutions. With the help of the given procedure one can reach the purifying coefficient of 10 4 . Actinium-228 is extracted from the radiummesothorium preparations by a deposition of decay products, including polonium-210 on the iron hydroxyde. Actinium-228 extraction from the mixture of radium radionuclides is performed by the partition chromatography method on D2EGFK. All the procedures for separation of actinium isotopes by the above methods are described

  3. Production of Actinium-225 via High Energy Proton Induced Spallation of Thorium-232

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harvey, James T.; Nolen, Jerry; Vandergrift, George; Gomes, Itacil; Kroc, Tom; Horwitz, Phil; McAlister, Dan; Bowers, Del; Sullivan, Vivian; Greene, John

    2011-12-30

    The science of cancer research is currently expanding its use of alpha particle emitting radioisotopes. Coupled with the discovery and proliferation of molecular species that seek out and attach to tumors, new therapy and diagnostics are being developed to enhance the treatment of cancer and other diseases. This latest technology is commonly referred to as Alpha Immunotherapy (AIT). Actinium-225/Bismuth-213 is a parent/daughter alpha-emitting radioisotope pair that is highly sought after because of the potential for treating numerous diseases and its ability to be chemically compatible with many known and widely used carrier molecules (such as monoclonal antibodies and proteins/peptides). Unfortunately, the worldwide supply of actinium-225 is limited to about 1,000mCi annually and most of that is currently spoken for, thus limiting the ability of this radioisotope pair to enter into research and subsequently clinical trials. The route proposed herein utilizes high energy protons to produce actinium-225 via spallation of a thorium-232 target. As part of previous R and D efforts carried out at Argonne National Laboratory recently in support of the proposed US FRIB facility, it was shown that a very effective production mechanism for actinium-225 is spallation of thorium-232 by high energy proton beams. The base-line simulation for the production rate of actinium-225 by this reaction mechanism is 8E12 atoms per second at 200 MeV proton beam energy with 50 g/cm2 thorium target and 100 kW beam power. An irradiation of one actinium-225 half-life (10 days) produces {approx}100 Ci of actinium-225. For a given beam current the reaction cross section increases slightly with energy to about 400 MeV and then decreases slightly for beam energies in the several GeV regime. The object of this effort is to refine the simulations at proton beam energies of 400 MeV and above up to about 8 GeV. Once completed, the simulations will be experimentally verified using 400 MeV and 8 Ge

  4. Application of ion exchange and extraction chromatography to the separation of actinium from proton-irradiated thorium metal for analytical purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radchenko, V; Engle, J W; Wilson, J J; Maassen, J R; Nortier, F M; Taylor, W A; Birnbaum, E R; Hudston, L A; John, K D; Fassbender, M E

    2015-02-06

    Actinium-225 (t1/2=9.92d) is an α-emitting radionuclide with nuclear properties well-suited for use in targeted alpha therapy (TAT), a powerful treatment method for malignant tumors. Actinium-225 can also be utilized as a generator for (213)Bi (t1/2 45.6 min), which is another valuable candidate for TAT. Actinium-225 can be produced via proton irradiation of thorium metal; however, long-lived (227)Ac (t1/2=21.8a, 99% β(-), 1% α) is co-produced during this process and will impact the quality of the final product. Thus, accurate assays are needed to determine the (225)Ac/(227)Ac ratio, which is dependent on beam energy, irradiation time and target design. Accurate actinium assays, in turn, require efficient separation of actinium isotopes from both the Th matrix and highly radioactive activation by-products, especially radiolanthanides formed from proton-induced fission. In this study, we introduce a novel, selective chromatographic technique for the recovery and purification of actinium isotopes from irradiated Th matrices. A two-step sequence of cation exchange and extraction chromatography was implemented. Radiolanthanides were quantitatively removed from Ac, and no non-Ac radionuclidic impurities were detected in the final Ac fraction. An (225)Ac spike added prior to separation was recovered at ≥ 98%, and Ac decontamination from Th was found to be ≥ 10(6). The purified actinium fraction allowed for highly accurate (227)Ac determination at analytical scales, i.e., at (227)Ac activities of 1-100 kBq (27 nCi to 2.7 μCi). Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  5. The sorption of polonium, actinium and protactinium onto geological materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Baston, G.M.N.; Berry, J.A.; Brownsword, M.; Heath, T.G.; Ilett, D.J.; McCrohon, R.; Tweed, C.J.; Yui, M.

    1999-01-01

    This paper describes a combined experimental and modeling program of generic sorption studies to increase confidence in the performance assessment for a potential high-level radioactive waste repository in Japan. The sorption of polonium, actinium and protactinium onto geological materials has been investigated. Sorption of these radioelements onto bentonite, tuff and granodiorite from equilibrated de-ionized water was studied under reducing conditions at room temperature. In addition, the sorption of actinium and protactinium was investigated at 60 C. Thermodynamic chemical modeling was carried out to aid interpretation of the results

  6. The sorption of polonium, actinium and protactinium onto geological materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baston, G.M.N.; Berry, J.A.; Brownsword, M.; Heath, T.G.; Ilett, D.J.; McCrohon, R.; Tweed, C.J.; Yui, M.

    1999-07-01

    This paper describes a combined experimental and modeling program of generic sorption studies to increase confidence in the performance assessment for a potential high-level radioactive waste repository in Japan. The sorption of polonium, actinium and protactinium onto geological materials has been investigated. Sorption of these radioelements onto bentonite, tuff and granodiorite from equilibrated de-ionized water was studied under reducing conditions at room temperature. In addition, the sorption of actinium and protactinium was investigated at 60 C. Thermodynamic chemical modeling was carried out to aid interpretation of the results.

  7. Separation of Actinium 227 from the uranium minerals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Martinez-Tarango, S.

    1991-01-01

    The purpose of this work was to separate Actinium 227, whose content is 18%, from the mineral carnotite found in Gomez Chihuahua mountain range in Mexico. The mineral before processing is is pre-concentrated and passed, first through anionic exchange resins, later the eluate obtained is passed through cationic resins. The resins were 20-50 MESH QOWEX and 100-200 MESH 50 X 8-20 in some cased 200-400 MESH AG 50W-X8, 1X8 in other cases. The eluates from the ionic exchange were electrodeposited on stainless steel polished disc cathode and platinum electrode as anode; under a current ODF 10mA for 2.5 to 5 hours and of 100mA for .5 of an hour. it was possible to identify the Actinium 227 by means of its descendents, TH-227 and RA-223, through alpha spectroscopy. Due to the radiochemical purity which the electro deposits were obtained the Actinium 227 was low and was not quantitatively determined. A large majority of the members of the natural radioactive series 3 were identified and even alpha energies reported in the literature with very low percentages of non-identified emissions were observed. We conclude that a more precise study is needed concerning ionic exchange and electrodeposit to obtain an Actinium 227 of radiochemical purity. (Author)

  8. Separation of protactinum, actinium, and other radionuclides from proton irradiated thorium target

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fassbender, Michael E.; Radchenko, Valery

    2018-04-24

    Protactinium, actinium, radium, radiolanthanides and other radionuclide fission products were separated and recovered from a proton-irradiated thorium target. The target was dissolved in concentrated HCl, which formed anionic complexes of protactinium but not with thorium, actinium, radium, or radiolanthanides. Protactinium was separated from soluble thorium by loading a concentrated HCl solution of the target onto a column of strongly basic anion exchanger resin and eluting with concentrated HCl. Actinium, radium and radiolanthanides elute with thorium. The protactinium that is retained on the column, along with other radionuclides, is eluted may subsequently treated to remove radionuclide impurities to afford a fraction of substantially pure protactinium. The eluate with the soluble thorium, actinium, radium and radiolanthanides may be subjected to treatment with citric acid to form anionic thorium, loaded onto a cationic exchanger resin, and eluted. Actinium, radium and radiolanthanides that are retained can be subjected to extraction chromatography to separate the actinium from the radium and from the radio lanthanides.

  9. Separation of actinium-227 from its daughter products by cationic resins technique

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nastasi, M.J.C.

    1976-01-01

    A method for separating actinium-227 from its daughter products based on ion exchange principle is shown. Radionuclides mixture in perchloric acid 8,5 N and chloridric acid 0,5 N medium pass by a cationic resin column. Thorium-227 and actinium-227, which are retained by the resin, are eluted with nitric acid 6 N which releases actinium-227 while oxalic acid 7% is used for thorium-227 elution [pt

  10. Short history of radioactivity. No. XIII. The actinium and thorium series

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chalmers, T W

    1950-06-16

    Discussions of the actinium disintegration series (about 1905), the /sup 235/U or actinium series (as it is accepted today), the disintegration of thorium (about 1905), the thorium series in the modern form, and the 4n, 4n + 1, 4n + 2, and 4n + 3 series are presented.

  11. Actinium-225 and Bismuth-213 Alpha Particle Immunotherapy of Cancer

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Scheinberg, D.

    2013-01-01

    Nuclides with appropriate half-lives and emission characteristics that would be potent enough to kill neoplastic cells in the small quantities that reach targets in vivo, include the high linear energy transfer (LET) alpha emitters such as Actinium-225 and Bi-213. We developed methods for the attachment of radiometals via bifunctional chelates to monoclonal antibodies (mAb) without loss of immunoreactivity. We developed alphaemitting Bi-213 lintuzumab constructs, characterized and qualified them in preclinical models, and took them into human clinical trials in patients with AML. Safety, anti-leukemic activity, and complete responses (CR’s) have been demonstrated through phase 2 trilas. Bi-213 is produced in a portable small generator device based on Ac- 225 in the hospital nuclear medicine lab. The isotope is then purified, attached to the antibody, and the product is qualified and processed. Despite this success, the major obstacle to the widespread use of these drugs remains the short 213 Bi half-life (46 minutes), which poses a large logistical hurdle before injection and limits its delivery to only the most accessible cancer cells after injection

  12. Amides with nitrogenous heterocyclic substituent, their manufacturing process and their use to draw out selectively Actinium series (III) and to separate them in particular from Lanthanides (III)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cuillerdier, C.; Musikas, C.

    1993-01-01

    Present invention is concerned with new amides with nitrogenous heterocyclic substituent utilizable to separate trivalent actinium series from trivalent lanthanides. In these molecules, it is possible to obtain particularly covalent liaison which has more affinity with 5f series, that is to say actinium series; included a manufacturing process for these amides with nitrogenous heterocyclic substituent

  13. Analysis of the gamma spectra of the uranium, actinium, and thorium decay series

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Momeni, M.H.

    1981-09-01

    This report describes the identification of radionuclides in the uranium, actinium, and thorium series by analysis of gamma spectra in the energy range of 40 to 1400 keV. Energies and absolute efficiencies for each gamma line were measured by means of a high-resolution germanium detector and compared with those in the literature. A gamma spectroscopy method, which utilizes an on-line computer for deconvolution of spectra, search and identification of each line, and estimation of activity for each radionuclide, was used to analyze soil and uranium tailings, and ore

  14. Developments towards in-gas-jet laser spectroscopy studies of actinium isotopes at LISOL

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Raeder, S.; Bastin, B.; Block, M.; Creemers, P.; Delahaye, P.; Ferrer, R.; Fléchard, X.; Franchoo, S.; Ghys, L.; Gaffney, L.P.; Granados, C.; Heinke, R.; Hijazi, L.

    2016-01-01

    To study exotic nuclides at the borders of stability with laser ionization and spectroscopy techniques, highest efficiencies in combination with a high spectral resolution are required. These usually opposing requirements are reconciled by applying the in-gas-laser ionization and spectroscopy (IGLIS) technique in the supersonic gas jet produced by a de Laval nozzle installed at the exit of the stopping gas cell. Carrying out laser ionization in the low-temperature and low density supersonic gas jet eliminates pressure broadening, which will significantly improve the spectral resolution. This article presents the required modifications at the Leuven Isotope Separator On-Line (LISOL) facility that are needed for the first on-line studies of in-gas-jet laser spectroscopy. Different geometries for the gas outlet and extraction ion guides have been tested for their performance regarding the acceptance of laser ionized species as well as for their differential pumping capacities. The specifications and performance of the temporarily installed high repetition rate laser system, including a narrow bandwidth injection-locked Ti:sapphire laser, are discussed and first preliminary results on neutron-deficient actinium isotopes are presented indicating the high capability of this novel technique.

  15. Developments towards in-gas-jet laser spectroscopy studies of actinium isotopes at LISOL

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raeder, S., E-mail: s.raeder@gsi.de [KU Leuven, Instituut voor Kern- en Stralingsfysica, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium); Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, 55128 Mainz (Germany); GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Planckstraße 1, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Bastin, B. [GANIL, CEA/DSM-CNRS/IN2P3, B.P. 55027, 14076 Caen (France); Block, M. [Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, 55128 Mainz (Germany); GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Planckstraße 1, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Institut für Kernchemie, Johannes Gutenberg Universität, 55128 Mainz (Germany); Creemers, P. [KU Leuven, Instituut voor Kern- en Stralingsfysica, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium); Delahaye, P. [GANIL, CEA/DSM-CNRS/IN2P3, B.P. 55027, 14076 Caen (France); Ferrer, R. [KU Leuven, Instituut voor Kern- en Stralingsfysica, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium); Fléchard, X. [LPC Caen, ENSICAEN, Université de Caen, CNRS/IN2P3, Caen (France); Franchoo, S. [Institute de Physique Nucléaire (IPN) d’Orsay, 91406 Orsay, Cedex (France); Ghys, L. [KU Leuven, Instituut voor Kern- en Stralingsfysica, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium); SCK-CEN, Belgian Nuclear Research Center, Boeretang 200, 2400 Mol (Belgium); Gaffney, L.P.; Granados, C. [KU Leuven, Instituut voor Kern- en Stralingsfysica, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium); Heinke, R. [Institut für Physik, Johannes Gutenberg Universität, 55128 Mainz (Germany); Hijazi, L. [GANIL, CEA/DSM-CNRS/IN2P3, B.P. 55027, 14076 Caen (France); and others

    2016-06-01

    To study exotic nuclides at the borders of stability with laser ionization and spectroscopy techniques, highest efficiencies in combination with a high spectral resolution are required. These usually opposing requirements are reconciled by applying the in-gas-laser ionization and spectroscopy (IGLIS) technique in the supersonic gas jet produced by a de Laval nozzle installed at the exit of the stopping gas cell. Carrying out laser ionization in the low-temperature and low density supersonic gas jet eliminates pressure broadening, which will significantly improve the spectral resolution. This article presents the required modifications at the Leuven Isotope Separator On-Line (LISOL) facility that are needed for the first on-line studies of in-gas-jet laser spectroscopy. Different geometries for the gas outlet and extraction ion guides have been tested for their performance regarding the acceptance of laser ionized species as well as for their differential pumping capacities. The specifications and performance of the temporarily installed high repetition rate laser system, including a narrow bandwidth injection-locked Ti:sapphire laser, are discussed and first preliminary results on neutron-deficient actinium isotopes are presented indicating the high capability of this novel technique.

  16. Investigation of the origin of elements of the uranium-235 family noticed in excess around the EL4 experimental nuclear reactor during its dismantling. Site of the Monts d'Arree - Brennilis (29) power plant. Years 2007-2008. Report and appendices with results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2009-02-01

    The presence of actinium-227 has been noticed in the Mont d'Arree region (Finistere district) and such a presence in the environment had never been reported before. Thus, a study has been performed to investigate the origin of this element: about 300 samples have been analysed. After an indication of the investigation chronology, the report outlines that there is no relationship between the excess of actinium-227 and land amendment or embankments, that there is no obvious relationship between this presence and radioactive liquid effluents or atmospheric effluents from the Brennilis nuclear site. It shows that there is an obvious relationship with the radiological quality. It states that this excess of actinium 227 is related to the management of rain waters about the Brennilis site. An appendix specifies the location, nature and agenda of samplings (bio-indicators, samplings in sludge, soils, food and tap water, aquatic foams and sediments, ponds, wet lands, and at the vicinity of the power plant channel), presents detailed results obtained by gamma spectrometry, and measurement equipment and methods

  17. origin of elements of the Uranium-235 family observed in the Ellez river near the EL-4 experimental nuclear reactor in dismantling (Monts d'Arree- Finistere department)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-01-01

    In a previous study which concerned the catchment basin of the harbour of Brest, the A.C.R.O. put in evidence a marking by artificial radioelements around the power plant of Brennilis which can be imputed without ambiguities to the nuclear installation. It also put in evidence abnormalities concerning the natural radioactivity which justifies this new study. In the area of the Monts d'Arree, actinium 227 ( 227 Ac), non born by its ascendents which are 235 U and 231 Pa is observed. This phenomenon is characterized by mass activities superior to these ones of 235 U and able to reach these ones of 238 U. Its presence corresponds with the drainage of the Ellez river since the former channel of radioactive effluents releases from the nuclear power plant EL-4 up to the reservoir Saint-Herblot situated 6 km downstream. The strongest values of radioactivity are registered near the disused power plant, at this place a relationship exists between the level of actinium 227 and this one of the artificial radioactivity as it exists a relationship with the decay products of radon exhaled from the subsoil ( 210 Pb). But its presence is not limited to a part of the Ellez river, it is equally observed in terrestrial medium, in places in priori not influenced by the direct liquid effluents of the power plant. This place is situated at more than 4 km and without any connection with the Ellez waters. At this stage of the study, it is not possible to answer with certainty the question of the origin of this phenomenon. A new reorientation is considered indispensable to clarify definitively the origin of this unknown phenomenon in the scientific publications and the environmental monitoring. (N.C.)

  18. Geological disposal: security and R and D. Security of 'second draft for R and D of geological disposal'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shiotsuki, Masao; Miyahara, Kaname

    2003-01-01

    The second draft for R and D of geological disposal (second draft) was arranged in 1999. The idea of security of geological disposal in the second draft is explained. The evaluation results of the uncertainty analysis and an example of evaluation of the effect of separation nuclear transmutation on the geological disposal are shown. The construction of strong engineered barrier is a basic idea of geological disposal system. Three processes such as isolation, engineering countermeasures and safety evaluation are carried out for the security of geological disposal. The security of geological environment for a long time of 12 sites in Japan was studied by data. Provability of production and enforcement of engineered barrier were confirmed by trial of over pack, tests and the present and future technologies developed. By using the conditions of reference case in the second draft, the evaluation results of dose effects in the two cases: 1) 90 to 99% Cs and Sr removed from HLW (High Level radioactive Waste) and 2) high stripping ratio of actinium series are explained. (S.Y.)

  19. Origin of elements of the Uranium-235 family observed in the Ellez river near the EL-4 experimental nuclear reactor in dismantling (Monts d'Arree- Finistere department); Origine des elements de la famille de l'uranium-235 observes dans la riviere Ellez a proximite du reacteur nucleaire experimental EL4 en cours de demantelement (Mont d'Arree - departement du Finistere). Resultats et premiers constats annee 2006

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2006-07-01

    In a previous study which concerned the catchment basin of the harbour of Brest, the A.C.R.O. put in evidence a marking by artificial radioelements around the power plant of Brennilis which can be imputed without ambiguities to the nuclear installation. It also put in evidence abnormalities concerning the natural radioactivity which justifies this new study. In the area of the Monts d'Arree, actinium 227 ({sup 227}Ac), non born by its ascendents which are {sup 235}U and {sup 231}Pa is observed. This phenomenon is characterized by mass activities superior to these ones of {sup 235}U and able to reach these ones of {sup 238}U. Its presence corresponds with the drainage of the Ellez river since the former channel of radioactive effluents releases from the nuclear power plant EL-4 up to the reservoir Saint-Herblot situated 6 km downstream. The strongest values of radioactivity are registered near the disused power plant, at this place a relationship exists between the level of actinium 227 and this one of the artificial radioactivity as it exists a relationship with the decay products of radon exhaled from the subsoil ({sup 210}Pb). But its presence is not limited to a part of the Ellez river, it is equally observed in terrestrial medium, in places in priori not influenced by the direct liquid effluents of the power plant. This place is situated at more than 4 km and without any connection with the Ellez waters. At this stage of the study, it is not possible to answer with certainty the question of the origin of this phenomenon. A new reorientation is considered indispensable to clarify definitively the origin of this unknown phenomenon in the scientific publications and the environmental monitoring. (N.C.)

  20. D D Bansal

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education. D D Bansal. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 8 Issue 12 December 2003 pp 92-93 Research News. New Insights into Obesity · D D Bansal Ravneet Kaur Boparai · More Details Fulltext PDF ...

  1. D D Shivagan

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. D D Shivagan. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 23 Issue 1 February 2000 pp 51-54 High T c superconductors. Electrochemical processing of high- Bi(Pb)–Sr–Ca–CuO thin films · N V Desai L A Ekal D D Shivagan S H Pawar · More Details Abstract ...

  2. D and D projects trends

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gay, Arnaud

    2012-01-01

    This series of slides presents: 1 - the Various types of needs and types of operations in any D and D project, 2 - the strong variety of nuclear units to dismantle, 3 - the D and D dependence on nuclear operators' strategy (Immediate/Deferred dismantling), 4 - the demand for D and D services with respect to the ageing of the nuclear fleet, 5 - the impacts to come on the D and D environment due to the Fukushima accident, 6 - the geographical dependence of D and D demands, 7 - the different D and D choices from nuclear operators in the supply chain management, 8 - the key levers in a D and D project performance, 9 - Some key competencies in D and D, 10 - Risk management for both clients and suppliers in a D and D project, 11 - AREVA involvement in Fukushima project as a key demonstration of a critical D and D project management

  3. D3-??????????????????????? ? ???? ?????????? ?2 ?????? ?????? ?????

    OpenAIRE

    ?????????, ????; ???????, ???????; ??????, ?????????; ?????????????, ????; ??????, ??????

    2011-01-01

    ????? ?????? ??????? ????? ????? ??????????? ?????? ?????? ????? ? ?????? ? ???????? ????? ?????????. ?????????? ???????????? ?????? ?? ?2 ?????? ?????? ????? ??????? ?? D3 ???????????????? ??????? ??????????? ?????? ????????? ????? ?????????? ??? ??? ??????????. ? ????? ????????????? ??????????? ??? ????????? ????????????? ?????????? ???? ?????????? ?????????? ????? ????????? ?????? ???????? ?? D3-????????????????? ???????.

  4. Linear free energy relationship applied to trivalent cations with lanthanum and actinium oxide and hydroxide structure

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ragavan, Anpalaki J.

    2006-01-01

    Linear free energy relationships for trivalent cations with crystalline M 2 O 3 and, M(OH) 3 phases of lanthanides and actinides were developed from known thermodynamic properties of the aqueous trivalent cations, modifying the Sverjensky and Molling equation. The linear free energy relationship for trivalent cations is as ΔG f,MvX 0 =a MvX ΔG n,M 3+ 0 +b MvX +β MvX r M 3+ , where the coefficients a MvX , b MvX , and β MvX characterize a particular structural family of MvX, r M 3+ is the ionic radius of M 3+ cation, ΔG f,MvX 0 is the standard Gibbs free energy of formation of MvX and ΔG n,M 3+ 0 is the standard non-solvation free energy of the cation. The coefficients for the oxide family are: a MvX =0.2705, b MvX =-1984.75 (kJ/mol), and β MvX =197.24 (kJ/molnm). The coefficients for the hydroxide family are: a MvX =0.1587, b MvX =-1474.09 (kJ/mol), and β MvX =791.70 (kJ/molnm).

  5. An eighteen-membered macrocyclic ligand for actinium-225 targeted alpha therapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Thiele, Nikki A.; MacMillan, Samantha N.; Wilson, Justin J.; Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Cristina

    2017-01-01

    The 18-membered macrocycle H 2 macropa was investigated for 225 Ac chelation in targeted alpha therapy (TAT). Radiolabeling studies showed that macropa, at submicromolar concentration, complexed all 225 Ac (26 kBq) in 5 min at RT. [ 225 Ac(macropa)] + remained intact over 7 to 8 days when challenged with either excess La 3+ ions or human serum, and did not accumulate in any organ after 5 h in healthy mice. A bifunctional analogue, macropa-NCS, was conjugated to trastuzumab as well as to the prostate-specific membrane antigen-targeting compound RPS-070. Both constructs rapidly radiolabeled 225 Ac in just minutes at RT, and macropa-Tmab retained >99 % of its 225 Ac in human serum after 7 days. In LNCaP xenograft mice, 225 Ac-macropa-RPS-070 was selectively targeted to tumors and did not release free 225 Ac over 96 h. These findings establish macropa to be a highly promising ligand for 225 Ac chelation that will facilitate the clinical development of 225 Ac TAT for the treatment of soft-tissue metastases. (copyright 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  6. The marine geochemistry of actinium-227: Evidence for its migration through sediment pore water

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nozaki, Yoshiyuki; Yamada, Masatoshi; Nikaido, Hirofumi

    1990-01-01

    227 Ac with a half life of 21.8 years has a potential utility as a tracer of deep water circulation and mixing studies on time scales less than 100 years. Here the authors present the first measurement of 227 Ac profile in the pore water of Northwest Pacific deep-sea sediment and in the ∼10,000 m long water column of Izu-Ogasawara Trench. The results clearly show that 227 Ac is supplied from the sediment to the overlying water through migration in the pore water. The model calculation indicates that the molecular diffusion alone through sediment porewater can support only a half of the standing crop of excess 227 Ac in the water column and the enhanced supply of 227 Ac by particle mixing is necessary to account for the remainder. Thus, bioturbation in the deep sea plays an important role in controlling the flux of some short-lived radionuclides such as 227 Ac and 228 Ra across the sediment-water interface

  7. A Radium-223 microgenerator from cyclotron-produced trace Actinium-227

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Abou, Diane S.; Pickett, Juile; Mattson, John E.; Thorek, Daniel L.J.

    2017-01-01

    The alpha particle emitter Radium-223 dichloride ("2"2"3RaCl_2) has recently been approved for treatment of late-stage bone metastatic prostate cancer. There is considerable interest in studying this new agent outside of the clinical setting, however the supply of "2"2"3Ra is limited and expensive. We have engineered a "2"2"3Ra microgenerator using traces of "2"2"7Ac previously generated from cyclotron-produced "2"2"5Ac. Radiochemically pure "2"2"3RaCl_2 was made, characterized, evaluated in vivo, and the source was recovered in high yield for regeneration of the microgenerator. - Highlights: • A "2"2"3Ra microgenerator was built using residual "2"2"7Ac from cyclotron-produced "2"2"5Ac. • Following "2"2"5Ac decay, the residual "2"2"7Ac was processed into pure "2"2"3Ra. • "2"2"7Ac and "2"2"7Th were recovered in high yield for a permanent supply of "2"2"3Ra. • Clinically supplied and generator-produced "2"2"3Ra have equivalent in vivo distribution. • Microdose column provides sufficient material for research use.

  8. An eighteen-membered macrocyclic ligand for actinium-225 targeted alpha therapy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thiele, Nikki A.; MacMillan, Samantha N.; Wilson, Justin J. [Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States). Chemistry and Chemical Biology; Brown, Victoria; Jermilova, Una; Ramogida, Caterina F.; Robertson, Andrew K.H.; Schaffer, Paul; Radchenko, Valery [TRIUMF, Vancouver, BC (Canada). Life Science Div.; Kelly, James M.; Amor-Coarasa, Alejandro; Nikolopoulou, Anastasia; Ponnala, Shashikanth; Williams, Clarence Jr.; Babich, John W. [Radiology, Weill Cornell Medicine, New York, NY (United States); Rodriguez-Rodriguez, Cristina [British Columbia Univ., Vancouver, BC (Canada). Dept. of Physics and Astronomy and Centre for Comparative Medicine

    2017-11-13

    The 18-membered macrocycle H{sub 2}macropa was investigated for {sup 225}Ac chelation in targeted alpha therapy (TAT). Radiolabeling studies showed that macropa, at submicromolar concentration, complexed all {sup 225}Ac (26 kBq) in 5 min at RT. [{sup 225}Ac(macropa)]{sup +} remained intact over 7 to 8 days when challenged with either excess La{sup 3+} ions or human serum, and did not accumulate in any organ after 5 h in healthy mice. A bifunctional analogue, macropa-NCS, was conjugated to trastuzumab as well as to the prostate-specific membrane antigen-targeting compound RPS-070. Both constructs rapidly radiolabeled {sup 225}Ac in just minutes at RT, and macropa-Tmab retained >99 % of its {sup 225}Ac in human serum after 7 days. In LNCaP xenograft mice, {sup 225}Ac-macropa-RPS-070 was selectively targeted to tumors and did not release free {sup 225}Ac over 96 h. These findings establish macropa to be a highly promising ligand for {sup 225}Ac chelation that will facilitate the clinical development of {sup 225}Ac TAT for the treatment of soft-tissue metastases. (copyright 2017 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  9. New method for large scale production of medically applicable Actinium-225 and Radium-223

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Aliev, R.A.; Vasilyev, A.N.; Ostapenko, V.; Kalmykov, S.N.; Zhuikov, B.L.; Ermolaev, S.V.; Lapshina, E.V.

    2014-01-01

    Alpha-emitters ( 211 At, 212 Bi, 213 Bi, 223 Ra, 225 Ac) are promising for targeted radiotherapy of cancer. Only two alpha decays near a cell membrane result in 50% death of cancer cell and only a single decay inside the cell is required for this. 225 Ac may be used either directly or as a mother radionuclide in 213 Bi isotope generator. Production of 225 Ac is provided by three main suppliers - Institute for Transuranium Elements in Germany, Oak Ridge National Laboratory in USA and Institute of Physics and Power Engineering in Obninsk, Russia. The current worldwide production of 225 Ac is approximately 1.7 Ci per year that corresponds to only 100-200 patients that could be treated annually. The common approach for 225 Ac production is separation from mother 229 Th or irradiation of 226 Ra with protons in a cyclotron. Both the methods have some practical limitations to be applied routinely. 225 Ac can be also produced by irradiation of natural thorium with medium energy protons . Cumulative cross sections of 225 Ac, 227 Ac, 227 Th, 228 Th formations have been obtained recently. Thorium targets (1-9 g) were irradiated by 114-91 MeV proton beam (1-50 μA) at INR linear accelerator. After dissolution in 8 M HNO 3 + 0.004 M HF thorium was removed by double LLX by HDEHP in toluene (1:1). Ac and REE were pre-concentrated and separated from Ra and most fission products by DGA-Resin (Triskem). After washing out by 0.01 M HNO 3 Ac was separated from REE by TRU Resin (Triskem) in 3 M HNO 3 media. About 6 mCi 225 Ac were separated in hot cell with chemical yield 85%. The method may be upscaled for production of Ci amounts of the radionuclide. The main impurity is 227 Ac (0.1% at the EOB) but it does not hinder 225 Ac from being used for medical 225 Ac/ 213 Bi generators. (author)

  10. Vitamin D

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... thin, and brittle bones, a condition known as rickets in children and osteomalacia in adults. Vitamin D ... the body. In children, vitamin D deficiency causes rickets, a condition in which the bones become soft ...

  11. Vitamin D

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... body needs to grow and develop normally. Vitamin D helps your body absorb calcium. Calcium is one ... building blocks of bone. A lack of vitamin D can lead to bone diseases such as osteoporosis ...

  12. D matter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shiu, Gary; Wang Liantao

    2004-01-01

    We study the properties and phenomenology of particlelike states originating from D branes whose spatial dimensions are all compactified. They are nonperturbative states in string theory and we refer to them as D matter. In contrast to other nonperturbative objects such as 't Hooft-Polyakov monopoles, D-matter states could have perturbative couplings among themselves and with ordinary matter. The lightest D particle (LDP) could be stable because it is the lightest state carrying certain (integer or discrete) quantum numbers. Depending on the string scale, they could be cold dark matter candidates with properties similar to that of WIMPs or wimpzillas. The spectrum of excited states of D matter exhibits an interesting pattern which could be distinguished from that of Kaluza-Klein modes, winding states, and string resonances. We speculate about possible signatures of D matter from ultrahigh energy cosmic rays and colliders

  13. Hipovitaminosis D

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Patricio Trincado, Dr.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available La vitamina D es estructuralmente una hormona producida por la piel cuya función es captar calcio desde el medio externo. Se revisa brevemente su metabolismo y las consecuencias de la hipovitaminosis D. Se describe ostemalacia y miopatia por hipovitaminosis D y su tratamiento al igual que las recomendaciones actuales de aporte de vitamina D en diferentes grupos etarios. Dado que el objetivo principal es referirse a las acciones clásicas, se resumen las no clásicas en tabla al final del artículo.

  14. D Basu

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. D Basu. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 24 Issue 2 April 2001 pp 101-104. Effect of zirconia addition on the fatigue behaviour of fine grained alumina · D Basu B K Sarkar · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. The fatigue behaviour of fine grained Al2O3 ...

  15. D Srivastava

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. D Srivastava. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 25 Issue 7 December 2002 pp 619-633 Alloys and Steels. Microstructural characterization of the -TiAl alloy samples fabricated by direct laser fabrication rapid prototype technique · D Srivastava.

  16. Performerens død

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuhlmann, Annelis

    2011-01-01

    I den politiske performance Funus Imaginarium er graven et værested for identiteten og statsborgeren. Som en mise en abyme-konstruktion sætter den fokus på konsekvensen af sultekunstnerens iscenesatte autorbegreb: performerens død. Performancens mimede ritual udvider opfattelsen af forholdet mell...

  17. Universitetets død

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Mogens Ove

    Det klassiske humboldtske universitet er dødt - eller døden nær. Og dermed også forskningsfriheden, den forskningsbaserede uddannelse og universitetsdemokratiet. Hvordan kan vi få rehabiliteret mest muligt af universiteterne igen? Universitetsloven fra 2003 var kulminationen på flere års markedsg...

  18. Vitamin D

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... body that produces vitamin D. As many of us spend more and more time on computers and game consoles, we're not outdoors as much as we once were. And, when we do spend time in the sun, more of us are making the wise decision to use sunscreen ...

  19. D Kanjilal

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. D Kanjilal. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 23 Issue 6 December 2000 pp 471-474 Semiconductors. Temperature dependence of current–voltage characteristics of Au/-GaAs epitaxial Schottky diode · R Singh S K Arora Renu Tyagi S K Agarwal D ...

  20. Purification of radium-226 for the manufacturing of actinium-225 in a cyclotron for alpha-immunotherapy; Radium-Aufreinigung zur Herstellung von Actinium-225 am Zyklotron fuer die Alpha-Immuntherapie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marx, Sebastian Markus

    2014-09-23

    The thesis describes the development of methods for the purification of Ra-226. The objective was to obtain the radionuclide in the quality that is needed to be used as starting material in the manufacturing process for Ac-225 via proton-irradiated Ra-226. The radionuclide has been gained efficiently out of huge excesses of impurities. The high purity of the obtained radium affords its use as staring material in a pharmaceutical manufacturing process.

  1. D-D tokamak reactor assessment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Baxter, D.C.; Dabiri, A.E.

    1983-01-01

    A quantitative comparison of the physics and technology requirements, and the cost and safety performance of a d-d tokamak relative to a d-t tokamak has been performed. The first wall/blanket and energy recovery cycle for the d-d tokamak is simpler, and has a higher efficiency than the d-t tokamak. In most other technology areas (such as magnets, RF, vacuum, etc.) d-d requirements are more severe and the systems are more complex, expensive and may involve higher technical risk than d-t tokamak systems. Tritium technology for processing the plasma exhaust, and tritium refueling technology are required for d-d reactors, but no tritium containment around the blanket or heat transport system is needed. Cost studies show that for high plasma beta and high magnetic field the cost of electricity from d-d and d-t tokamaks is comparable. Safety analysis shows less radioactivity in a d-d reactor but larger amounts of stored energy and thus higher potential for energy release. Consequences of all postulated d-d accidents are significantly smaller than those from d-t reactor tritium releases

  2. Renal uptake of bismuth-213 and its contribution to kidney radiation dose following administration of actinium-225-labeled antibody

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schwartz, J; O' Donoghue, J A; Humm, J L [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065 (United States); Jaggi, J S [Bristol-Myers Squibb, Plainsboro, NJ (United States); Ruan, S; Larson, S M [Nuclear Medicine Service Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065 (United States); McDevitt, M; Scheinberg, D A, E-mail: schwarj1@mskcc.org [Molecular Pharmacology and Chemistry, Sloan-Kettering Institute, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065 (United States)

    2011-02-07

    Clinical therapeutic studies using {sup 225}Ac-labeled antibodies have begun. Of major concern is renal toxicity that may result from the three alpha-emitting progeny generated following the decay of {sup 225}Ac. The purpose of this study was to determine the amount of {sup 225}Ac and non-equilibrium progeny in the mouse kidney after the injection of {sup 225}Ac-huM195 antibody and examine the dosimetric consequences. Groups of mice were sacrificed at 24, 96 and 144 h after injection with {sup 225}Ac-huM195 antibody and kidneys excised. One kidney was used for gamma ray spectroscopic measurements by a high-purity germanium (HPGe) detector. The second kidney was used to generate frozen tissue sections which were examined by digital autoradiography (DAR). Two measurements were performed on each kidney specimen: (1) immediately post-resection and (2) after sufficient time for any non-equilibrium excess {sup 213}Bi to decay completely. Comparison of these measurements enabled estimation of the amount of excess {sup 213}Bi reaching the kidney ({gamma}-ray spectroscopy) and its sub-regional distribution (DAR). The average absorbed dose to whole kidney, determined by spectroscopy, was 0.77 (SD 0.21) Gy kBq{sup -1}, of which 0.46 (SD 0.16) Gy kBq{sup -1} (i.e. 60%) was due to non-equilibrium excess {sup 213}Bi. The relative contributions to renal cortex and medulla were determined by DAR. The estimated dose to the cortex from non-equilibrium excess {sup 213}Bi (0.31 (SD 0.11) Gy kBq{sup -1}) represented {approx}46% of the total. For the medulla the dose contribution from excess {sup 213}Bi (0.81 (SD 0.28) Gy kBq{sup -1}) was {approx}80% of the total. Based on these estimates, for human patients we project a kidney-absorbed dose of 0.28 Gy MBq{sup -1} following administration of {sup 225}Ac-huM195 with non-equilibrium excess {sup 213}Bi responsible for approximately 60% of the total. Methods to reduce renal accumulation of radioactive progeny appear to be necessary for the success of {sup 225}Ac radioimmunotherapy.

  3. Purification of radium-226 for the manufacturing of actinium-225 in a cyclotron for alpha-immunotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Marx, Sebastian Markus

    2014-01-01

    The thesis describes the development of methods for the purification of Ra-226. The objective was to obtain the radionuclide in the quality that is needed to be used as starting material in the manufacturing process for Ac-225 via proton-irradiated Ra-226. The radionuclide has been gained efficiently out of huge excesses of impurities. The high purity of the obtained radium affords its use as staring material in a pharmaceutical manufacturing process.

  4. Distribution of trace elements in land plants and botanical taxonomy with special reference to rare earth elements and actinium

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koyama, Mutsuo

    1989-01-01

    Distribution profiles of trace elements in land plants were studied by neutron activation analysis and radioactivity measurements without activation. Number of botanical samples analyzed were more than three thousand in which more than three hundred botanical species were included. New accumulator plants of Co, Cr, Zn, Cd, rare earth elements, Ac, U, etc., were found. Capabilities of accumulating trace elements can be related to the botanical taxonomy. Discussions are given from view points of inorganic chemistry as well as from botanical physiology

  5. Anatomy of B -> D

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bel, L.; De Bruyn, K.; Fleischer, R.; Mulder, M.; Tuning, N.

    2015-01-01

    The decays Bd0 → Dd−Dd+ and Bs0 → Ds−Ds+ probe the CP-violating mixing phases ϕd and ϕs, respectively. The theoretical uncertainty of the corresponding determinations is limited by contributions from penguin

  6. Color suppressed contributions to the decay modes Bd,s→Ds,dDs,d, Bd,s→Ds,dD*s,d, and Bd,s→D*s,d D*s,d

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Eeg, J.O.; Fajfer, S.; Prapotnik, A.

    2005-01-01

    The amplitudes for decays of the type B d,s →D s,d D s,d , have no factorizable contributions, while B d,s →D s,d D * s,d , and B d,s →D * s,d D * s,d have relatively small factorizable contributions through the annihilation mechanism. The dominant contributions to the decay amplitudes arise from chiral loop contributions and tree level amplitudes which can be obtained in terms of soft gluon emissions forming a gluon condensate. We predict that the branching ratios for the processes anti B 0 dD s + D s - , anti B 0 dD s +* D s - and anti B 0 dD s + D s -* are all of order (2-3) x 10 -4 , while anti B 0 s →D d + D d - , anti B 0 s →D d +* D d - and anti B 0 s →D d + D d -* are of order (4-7) x 10 -3 . We obtain branching ratios for two D * 's in the final state of order two times bigger. (orig.)

  7. Color suppressed contributions to the decay modes B{sub d,s}{yields}D{sub s,d}D{sub s,d}, B{sub d,s}{yields}D{sub s,d}D{sup *}{sub s,d}, and B{sub d,s}{yields}D{sup *}{sub s,d} D{sup *}{sub s,d}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eeg, J.O. [University of Oslo, Department of Physics, Blindern, Oslo (Norway); Fajfer, S. [University of Ljubljana, Department of Physics, Ljubljana (Slovenia); J. Stefan Institute, Ljubljana (Slovenia); Prapotnik, A. [J. Stefan Institute, Ljubljana (Slovenia)

    2005-07-01

    The amplitudes for decays of the type B{sub d,s}{yields}D{sub s,d}D{sub s,d}, have no factorizable contributions, while B{sub d,s}{yields}D{sub s,d}D{sup *}{sub s,d}, and B{sub d,s}{yields}D{sup *}{sub s,d}D{sup *}{sub s,d} have relatively small factorizable contributions through the annihilation mechanism. The dominant contributions to the decay amplitudes arise from chiral loop contributions and tree level amplitudes which can be obtained in terms of soft gluon emissions forming a gluon condensate. We predict that the branching ratios for the processes anti B{sup 0}{sub d}{yields}D{sub s}{sup +}D{sub s}{sup -}, anti B{sup 0}{sub d}{yields}D{sub s}{sup +*} D{sub s}{sup -} and anti B{sup 0}{sub d}{yields}D{sub s}{sup +}D{sub s}{sup -*} are all of order (2-3) x 10{sup -4}, while anti B{sup 0}{sub s}{yields}D{sub d}{sup +}D{sub d}{sup -}, anti B{sup 0}{sub s}{yields}D{sub d}{sup +*}D{sub d}{sup -} and anti B{sup 0}{sub s}{yields}D{sub d}{sup +}D{sub d}{sup -*} are of order (4-7) x 10{sup -3}. We obtain branching ratios for two D{sup *}'s in the final state of order two times bigger. (orig.)

  8. Vitamin D and diabetes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wolden-Kirk, Heidi; Overbergh, Lut; Christesen, Henrik Thybo

    2011-01-01

    directly thereby rendering them more resistant to the types of cellular stress encountered during T1D and T2D. This review evaluates the role of vitamin D signaling in the pathogenesis of T1D and T2D with a special emphasis on the direct effects of vitamin D on pancreatic beta cells.......Experimental evidence indicates that vitamin D may play a role in the defense against type 1 diabetes (T1D) as well as type 2 diabetes (T2D). Epidemiological data have established a link between vitamin D deficiency and an increased incidence of both T1D and T2D, whereas early and long-term vitamin...

  9. 3D Animation Essentials

    CERN Document Server

    Beane, Andy

    2012-01-01

    The essential fundamentals of 3D animation for aspiring 3D artists 3D is everywhere--video games, movie and television special effects, mobile devices, etc. Many aspiring artists and animators have grown up with 3D and computers, and naturally gravitate to this field as their area of interest. Bringing a blend of studio and classroom experience to offer you thorough coverage of the 3D animation industry, this must-have book shows you what it takes to create compelling and realistic 3D imagery. Serves as the first step to understanding the language of 3D and computer graphics (CG)Covers 3D anim

  10. 3D video

    CERN Document Server

    Lucas, Laurent; Loscos, Céline

    2013-01-01

    While 3D vision has existed for many years, the use of 3D cameras and video-based modeling by the film industry has induced an explosion of interest for 3D acquisition technology, 3D content and 3D displays. As such, 3D video has become one of the new technology trends of this century.The chapters in this book cover a large spectrum of areas connected to 3D video, which are presented both theoretically and technologically, while taking into account both physiological and perceptual aspects. Stepping away from traditional 3D vision, the authors, all currently involved in these areas, provide th

  11. The dS/dS correspondence

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alishahiha, M.; Karch, A.; Silverstein, E.; Tong, D.

    2004-07-01

    We present a holographic duality for the de Sitter static patch which consolidates basic features of its geometry and the behavior of gravity and brane probes, valid on timescales short compared to the decay or Poincare recurrence times. Namely de Sitter spacetime dS d (R) in d dimensions with curvature radius R is holographically dual to two conformal field theories on dS d-l (R), cut off at an energy scale 1/R where they couple to each other and to d-1 dimensional gravity. As part of our analysis, we study brane probes in de Sitter and thermal Anti de Sitter spaces, and interpret the terms in the corresponding DBI action via strongly coupled thermal field theory. This provides a dual field theoretic interpretation of the fact that probes take forever to reach a horizon in general relativity. (author)

  12. Photoproduction of the D*+-

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Avery, P.R.

    1980-01-01

    Using the broad band beam at FNAL, the photoproduction of the D* + (and D* - ) meson was observed, where D* + → D 0 π + and D 0 → K - π + (143 +- 20 events) or D 0 → K/sub s/π + π - (35 +- 11 events). The observation exploited the small D* + - D 0 mass difference to reduce the combinatoric background by 3 orders of magnitude. A variety of analysis techniques are presented to demonstrate that the D* + is created by a diffractive pair production mechanism, with a cross section given by sigma(γ + N → D 0 ) = 160 +- 70 nb/nucleon. Finally the data is discussed in terms of a QCD production mechanism, photon gluon fusion, and certain parameters are fixed in the theory by using the D* P/sub t/ distribution

  13. Measurement of the D* (+) -D+ Mass Difference

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lees, J. P.; Poireau, V.; Tisserand, V.; Grauges, E.; Palano, A.; Eigen, G.; Brown, D. N.; Kolomensky, Yu. G.; Fritsch, M.; Schroeder, T.; Hearty, C.; Mattison, T. S.; McKenna, J. A.; So, R. Y.; Blinov, V. E.; Buzykaev, A. R.; Druzhinin, V. P.; Golubev, V. B.; Kravchenko, E. A.; Onuchin, A. P.; Serednyakov, S. I.; Skovpen, Yu. I.; Solodov, E. P.; Todyshev, K. Yu.; Lankford, A. J.; Gary, J. W.; Long, O.; Eisner, A. M.; Lockman, W. S.; Vazquez, W. Panduro; Chao, D. S.; Echenard, B.; Flood, K. T.; Hitlin, D. G.; Miyashita, T. S.; Ongmongkolkul, P.; Rohrken, M.; Huard, Z.; Meadows, B. T.; Pushpawela, B. G.; Sokoloff, M. D.; Smith, J. G.; Wagner, S. R.; Bernard, D.; Verderi, M.; Bettoni, D.; Bozzi, C.; Calabrese, R.; Cibinetto, G.; Fioravanti, E.; Garzia, I.; Luppi, E.; Santoro, V.; Calcaterra, A.; de Sangro, R.; Finocchiaro, G.; Martellotti, S.; Patteri, P.; Peruzzi, I. M.; Piccolo, M.; Rotondo, M.; Zallo, A.; Passaggio, S.; Patrignani, C.; Lacker, H. M.; Bhuyan, B.; Mallik, U.; Cochran, J.; Prell, S.; Ahmed, H.; Gritsan, A. V.; Arnaud, N.; Davier, M.; Le Diberder, F.; Lutz, A. M.; Wormser, G.; Lange, D. J.; Wright, D. M.; Coleman, J. P.; Gabathuler, E.; Hutchcroft, D. E.; Payne, D. J.; Touramanis, C.; Bevan, A. J.; Di Lodovico, F.; Sacco, R.; Cowan, G.; Banerjee, Sw.; Brown, D. N.; Davis, C. L.; Denig, A. G.; Gradl, W.; Griessinger, K.; Hafner, A.; Schubert, K. R.; Barlow, R. J.; Lafferty, G. D.; Cenci, R.; Jawahery, A.; Roberts, D. A.; Cowan, R.; Robertson, S. H.; Dey, B.; Neri, N.; Palombo, F.; Cheaib, R.; Cremaldi, L.; Godang, R.; Summers, D. J.; Taras, P.; De Nardo, G.; Sciacca, C.; Raven, G.; Jessop, C. P.; LoSecco, J. M.; Honscheid, K.; Kass, R.; Gaz, A.; Margoni, M.; Posocco, M.; Simi, G.; Simonetto, F.; Stroili, R.; Akar, S.; Ben-Haim, E.; Bomben, M.; Bonneaud, G. R.; Calderini, G.; Chauveau, J.; Marchiori, G.; Ocariz, J.; Biasini, M.; Manoni, E.; Rossi, A.; Batignani, G.; Bettarini, S.; Carpinelli, M.; Casarosa, G.; Chrzaszcz, M.; Forti, F.; Giorgi, M. A.; Lusiani, A.; Oberhof, B.; Paoloni, E.; Rama, M.; Rizzo, G.; Walsh, J. J.; Smith, A. J. S.; Anulli, F.; Faccini, R.; Ferrarotto, F.; Ferroni, F.; Pilloni, A.; Piredda, G.; Buenger, C.; Dittrich, S.; Gruenberg, O.; Hess, M.; Leddig, T.; Voss, C.; Waldi, R.; Adye, T.; Wilson, F. F.; Emery, S.; Vasseur, G.; Aston, D.; Cartaro, C.; Convery, M. R.; Dorfan, J.; Dunwoodie, W.; Ebert, M.; Field, R. C.; Fulsom, B. G.; Graham, M. T.; Hast, C.; Innes, W. R.; Kim, P.; Leith, D. W. G. S.; Luitz, S.; MacFarlane, D. B.; Muller, D. R.; Neal, H.; Ratcliff, B. N.; Roodman, A.; Sullivan, M. K.; Va'vra, J.; Wisniewski, W. J.; Purohit, M. V.; Wilson, J. R.; Randle-Conde, A.; Sekula, S. J.; Bellis, M.; Burchat, P. R.; Puccio, E. M. T.; Alam, M. S.; Ernst, J. A.; Gorodeisky, R.; Guttman, N.; Peimer, D. R.; Soffer, A.; Spanier, S. M.; Ritchie, J. L.; Schwitters, R. F.; Izen, J. M.; Lou, X. C.; Bianchi, F.; De Mori, F.; Filippi, A.; Gamba, D.; Lanceri, L.; Vitale, L.; Martinez-Vidal, F.; Oyanguren, A.; Albert, J.; Beaulieu, A.; Bernlochner, F. U.; Kowalewski, R.; Lueck, T.; Nugent, I. M.; Roney, J. M.; Sobie, R. J.; Tasneem, N.; Gershon, T. J.; Harrison, P. F.; Latham, T. E.; Prepost, R.; Sun, L.

    2017-01-01

    We measure the mass difference, Δm+, between the D∗(2010)+ and the D+ using the decay chain D∗(2010)+→D+π0 with D+→K−π+π+. The data were recorded with the BABAR detector at center-of-mass energies at and near the Υ(4S) resonance, and correspond to an integrated luminosity of approximately 468  fb−1.

  14. Fission multipliers for D-D/D-T neutron generators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lou, T.P.; Vujic, J.L.; Koivunoro, H.; Reijonen, J.; Leung, K.-N.

    2003-01-01

    A compact D-D/D-T fusion based neutron generator is being designed at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory to have a potential yield of 10 12 D-D n/s and 10 14 D-T n/s. Because of its high neutron yield and compact size (∼20 cm in diameter by 4 cm long), this neutron generator design will be suitable for many applications. However, some applications required higher flux available from nuclear reactors and spallation neutron sources operated with GeV proton beams. In this study, a subcritical fission multiplier with k eff of 0.98 is coupled with the compact neutron generators in order to increase the neutron flux output. We have chosen two applications to show the gain in flux due to the use of fission multipliers--in-core irradiation and out-of-core irradiation. For the in-core irradiation, we have shown that a gain of ∼25 can be achieved in a positron production system using D-T generator. For the out-of-core irradiation, a gain of ∼17 times is obtained in Boron Neutron Capture Therapy (BNCT) using a D-D neutron generator. The total number of fission neutrons generated by a source neutron in a fission multiplier with k eff is ∼50. For the out-of-core irradiation, the theoretical maximum net multiplication is ∼30 due to the absorption of neutrons in the fuel. A discussion of the achievable multiplication and the theoretical multiplication will be presented in this paper

  15. Axionic D3-D7 Inflation

    CERN Document Server

    Burgess, C P; Postma, M

    2009-01-01

    We study the motion of a D3 brane moving within a Type IIB string vacuum compactified to 4D on K3 x T_2/Z_2 in the presence of D7 and O7 planes. We work within the effective 4D supergravity describing how the mobile D3 interacts with the lightest bulk moduli of the compactification, including the effects of modulus-stabilizing fluxes. We seek inflationary solutions to the resulting equations, performing our search numerically in order to avoid resorting to approximate parameterizations of the low-energy potential. We consider uplifting from D-terms and from the supersymmetry-breaking effects of anti-D3 branes. We find examples of slow-roll inflation (with anti-brane uplifting) with the mobile D3 moving along the toroidal directions, falling towards a D7-O7 stack starting from the antipodal point. The inflaton turns out to be a linear combination of the brane position and the axionic partner of the K3 volume modulus, and the similarity of the potential along the inflaton direction with that of racetrack inflat...

  16. R&D Nuggets

    Science.gov (United States)

    RSS Archive Videos XML DOE R&D Accomplishments DOE R&D Accomplishments searchQuery × Find searchQuery x Find DOE R&D Acccomplishments Navigation dropdown arrow The Basics dropdown arrow Home About &D Nuggets Database dropdown arrow Search Tag Cloud Browse Reports Database Help Finding Aids

  17. 2D/3D/4D ULTRASOUND IN INFERTILITY MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uršula Reš-Muravec

    2018-02-01

    Ultrasound in infertility diagnostics: Ultrasound is used for examination of uterus, tubes, ovaries and peritoneal cause of infertility. It can be used in different menstrual phases: proliferative, periovulatory and secretory phase. Examination of uterus: A 2D scan can measure the size of the uterus (length, width and depth and a 2D flow (colour and power doppler. With 3D technology we can measure the whole volume with VOCAL (virtual organ computer-aided analysis and 3D circulation with the index (VI – vascular index, FI – flow index and VFI – vascular flow index in the uterus. A 2D scan can help us define uterine malformations, fibroids and adenomyosis to a certain extent. However, a 3D scan offers more accurate diagnosis of these malformations. Endometrium is examined separately. With 2D the width is measured and morphology and focal lesions (polyp, fibroids, adhesions are examined. With 3D the real sagital plane for the width measurement can be defined . We can measure the volume of endometrium and subendometrium and 3D circulation in endometrium and subendometrium. The FIS (f luid instlation sonography is very useful when examining the endometrium; saline or gel can be used for uterine instalation. We can measure and define the position of the structures in the endometrium more accurately when they are surrouned by saline or gel. We can view these structures with a surface view, similar to the one used for hysteroscopy. With this information we can explain the pathology to the patient and easily plan the surgical procedures. Examination of the tubes: With 2D US we can see the tubes in the pelvis only if there are dilatations, but sometimes it is difficult to distinguish them from the neighbouring forma- tions. With a 3D ultrasound we can define the shape and continuity of the tube and we can view the tube from different angles (inversion mode. Different contrast media are used for determining tubal patency. Tubal patency can be diagnosed with 2D Hy

  18. En performers død

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kuhlmann, Annelis

    2011-01-01

    Graven som nærvær for identiteten og borgeren i den politiske performance Funus Imaginarium (2010) udfolder sit fokus i en mise en abyme konstruktion som en konsekvens af en teatraliseret kunstnerhunger, udtrykt som en performers død. Det mimede begravelsesritual bringer forholdet mellem deltager...

  19. EUROPEANA AND 3D

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Pletinckx

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The current 3D hype creates a lot of interest in 3D. People go to 3D movies, but are we ready to use 3D in our homes, in our offices, in our communication? Are we ready to deliver real 3D to a general public and use interactive 3D in a meaningful way to enjoy, learn, communicate? The CARARE project is realising this for the moment in the domain of monuments and archaeology, so that real 3D of archaeological sites and European monuments will be available to the general public by 2012. There are several aspects to this endeavour. First of all is the technical aspect of flawlessly delivering 3D content over all platforms and operating systems, without installing software. We have currently a working solution in PDF, but HTML5 will probably be the future. Secondly, there is still little knowledge on how to create 3D learning objects, 3D tourist information or 3D scholarly communication. We are still in a prototype phase when it comes to integrate 3D objects in physical or virtual museums. Nevertheless, Europeana has a tremendous potential as a multi-facetted virtual museum. Finally, 3D has a large potential to act as a hub of information, linking to related 2D imagery, texts, video, sound. We describe how to create such rich, explorable 3D objects that can be used intuitively by the generic Europeana user and what metadata is needed to support the semantic linking.

  20. Ghost D-branes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Okuda, Takuya; Takayanagi, Tadashi

    2006-01-01

    We define a ghost D-brane in superstring theories as an object that cancels the effects of an ordinary D-brane. The supergroups U(N|M) and OSp(N/M) arise as gauge symmetries in the supersymmetric world-volume theory of D-branes and ghost D-branes. A system with a pair of D-brane and ghost D-brane located at the same location is physically equivalent to the closed string vacuum. When they are separated, the system becomes a new brane configuration. We generalize the type I/heterotic duality by including n ghost D9-branes on the type I side and by considering the heterotic string whose gauge group is OSp(32+2n/2n). Motivated by the type IIB S-duality applied to D9- and ghost D9-branes, we also find type II-like closed superstrings with U(n/n) gauge symmetry

  1. Drug: D06937 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available nnamon bark [DR:D06712], Citrus fruits peel [DR:D06897], Perilla herb [DR:D06755], Glycyrrhiza [DR:D04365], Rhubarb [DR:D06756], Ging...er [DR:D06744], Saussurea root [DR:D06795], Poria sclerotium [DR:D06783], Evodia fruit [DR:D00173] ... Therapeutic category: 5200 ... PubChem: 51091279 ...

  2. JANUS reactor d and d project

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Fellhauer, C. R.

    1998-01-01

    Argonne National Laboratory (ANL-E) has recently completed the decontamination and decommissioning (D and D) of the JANUS Reactor Facility located in Building 202. The 200 KW reactor operated from August 1963 to March 1992. The facility was used to study the effects of both high and low doses of fission neutrons in animals. There were two exposure rooms on opposite sides of the reactor and the reactor was therefore named after the two-faced Roman god. The High Dose Room was capable of specimen exposure at a dose rate of 3,600 rads per hour. During calendar year 1996 a detailed characterization of the facility was performed by ANL-E Health Physics personnel. ANL-E Analytical Services performed the required sample analysis. An Auditable Safety Analysis and an Environmental Assessment were completed. D and D plans, procedures and procurement documents were prepared and approved. A D and D subcontractor was selected and a firm, fixed price contract awarded for the field work and final survey effort. The D and D subcontractor was mobilized to ANL-E in January 1997. Electrical isolation of all reactor equipment and control panels was accomplished and the equipment removed. A total of 207,230 pounds (94,082 Kg) of lead shielding was removed, surveyed and sampled, and free-released for recycle. All primary and secondary piping was removed, size reduced and packaged for disposal or recycled as appropriate. The reactor vessel was removed, sized reduced and packaged as radioactive waste in April. The activated graphite block reflector was removed next, followed by the bioshield concrete and steel. All of this material was packaged as low level waste. Total low level radioactive waste generation was 4002.1 cubic feet (113.3 cubic meters). Mixed waste generation was 538 cubic feet (15.2 cubic meters). The Final Release Survey was completed in September. The project field work was completed in 38 weeks without any lost-time accidents, personnel contaminations or unplanned

  3. First observations of $\\bar{B}_s^0\\to D^+D^-$, $D_s^+D^-$ and $D^0\\bar{D}^0$ decays

    CERN Document Server

    Aaij, R; Adeva, B; Adinolfi, M; Adrover, C; Affolder, A; Ajaltouni, Z; Albrecht, J; Alessio, F; Alexander, M; Ali, S; Alkhazov, G; Alvarez Cartelle, P; Alves Jr, A A; Amato, S; Amerio, S; Amhis, Y; Anderlini, L; Anderson, J; Andreassen, R; Appleby, R B; Aquines Gutierrez, O; Archilli, F; Artamonov, A; Artuso, M; Aslanides, E; Auriemma, G; Bachmann, S; Back, J J; Baesso, C; Balagura, V; Baldini, W; Barlow, R J; Barschel, C; Barsuk, S; Barter, W; Bauer, Th; Bay, A; Beddow, J; Bedeschi, F; Bediaga, I; Belogurov, S; Belous, K; Belyaev, I; Ben-Haim, E; Benayoun, M; Bencivenni, G; Benson, S; Benton, J; Berezhnoy, A; Bernet, R; Bettler, M -O; van Beuzekom, M; Bien, A; Bifani, S; Bird, T; Bizzeti, A; Bjørnstad, P M; Blake, T; Blanc, F; Blouw, J; Blusk, S; Bocci, V; Bondar, A; Bondar, N; Bonivento, W; Borghi, S; Borgia, A; Bowcock, T J V; Bowen, E; Bozzi, C; Brambach, T; van den Brand, J; Bressieux, J; Brett, D; Britsch, M; Britton, T; Brook, N H; Brown, H; Burducea, I; Bursche, A; Busetto, G; Buytaert, J; Cadeddu, S; Callot, O; Calvi, M; Calvo Gomez, M; Camboni, A; Campana, P; Carbone, A; Carboni, G; Cardinale, R; Cardini, A; Carranza-Mejia, H; Carson, L; Carvalho Akiba, K; Casse, G; Cattaneo, M; Cauet, Ch; Charles, M; Charpentier, Ph; Chen, P; Chiapolini, N; Chrzaszcz, M; Ciba, K; Cid Vidal, X; Ciezarek, G; Clarke, P E L; Clemencic, M; Cliff, H V; Closier, J; Coca, C; Coco, V; Cogan, J; Cogneras, E; Collins, P; Comerma-Montells, A; Contu, A; Cook, A; Coombes, M; Coquereau, S; Corti, G; Couturier, B; Cowan, G A; Craik, D; Cunliffe, S; Currie, R; D'Ambrosio, C; David, P; David, P N Y; De Bonis, I; De Bruyn, K; De Capua, S; De Cian, M; De Miranda, J M; De Oyanguren Campos, M; De Paula, L; De Silva, W; De Simone, P; Decamp, D; Deckenhoff, M; Del Buono, L; Derkach, D; Deschamps, O; Dettori, F; Di Canto, A; Dijkstra, H; Dogaru, M; Donleavy, S; Dordei, F; Dosil Suárez, A; Dossett, D; Dovbnya, A; Dupertuis, F; Dzhelyadin, R; Dziurda, A; Dzyuba, A; Easo, S; Egede, U; Egorychev, V; Eidelman, S; van Eijk, D; Eisenhardt, S; Eitschberger, U; Ekelhof, R; Eklund, L; El Rifai, I; Elsasser, Ch; Elsby, D; Falabella, A; Färber, C; Fardell, G; Farinelli, C; Farry, S; Fave, V; Ferguson, D; Fernandez Albor, V; Ferreira Rodrigues, F; Ferro-Luzzi, M; Filippov, S; Fitzpatrick, C; Fontana, M; Fontanelli, F; Forty, R; Francisco, O; Frank, M; Frei, C; Frosini, M; Furcas, S; Furfaro, E; Gallas Torreira, A; Galli, D; Gandelman, M; Gandini, P; Gao, Y; Garofoli, J; Garosi, P; Garra Tico, J; Garrido, L; Gaspar, C; Gauld, R; Gersabeck, E; Gersabeck, M; Gershon, T; Ghez, Ph; Gibson, V; Gligorov, V V; Göbel, C; Golubkov, D; Golutvin, A; Gomes, A; Gordon, H; Grabalosa Gándara, M; Graciani Diaz, R; Granado Cardoso, L A; Graugés, E; Graziani, G; Grecu, A; Greening, E; Gregson, S; Grünberg, O; Gui, B; Gushchin, E; Guz, Yu; Gys, T; Hadjivasiliou, C; Haefeli, G; Haen, C; Haines, S C; Hall, S; Hampson, T; Hansmann-Menzemer, S; Harnew, N; Harnew, S T; Harrison, J; Hartmann, T; He, J; Heijne, V; Hennessy, K; Henrard, P; Hernando Morata, J A; van Herwijnen, E; Hicks, E; Hill, D; Hoballah, M; Hombach, C; Hopchev, P; Hulsbergen, W; Hunt, P; Huse, T; Hussain, N; Hutchcroft, D; Hynds, D; Iakovenko, V; Idzik, M; Ilten, P; Jacobsson, R; Jaeger, A; Jans, E; Jaton, P; Jing, F; John, M; Johnson, D; Jones, C R; Jost, B; Kaballo, M; Kandybei, S; Karacson, M; Karbach, T M; Kenyon, I R; Kerzel, U; Ketel, T; Keune, A; Khanji, B; Kochebina, O; Komarov, I; Koopman, R F; Koppenburg, P; Korolev, M; Kozlinskiy, A; Kravchuk, L; Kreplin, K; Kreps, M; Krocker, G; Krokovny, P; Kruse, F; Kucharczyk, M; Kudryavtsev, V; Kvaratskheliya, T; La Thi, V N; Lacarrere, D; Lafferty, G; Lai, A; Lambert, D; Lambert, R W; Lanciotti, E; Lanfranchi, G; Langenbruch, C; Latham, T; Lazzeroni, C; Le Gac, R; van Leerdam, J; Lees, J -P; Lefèvre, R; Leflat, A; Lefrançois, J; Leo, S; Leroy, O; Leverington, B; Li, Y; Li Gioi, L; Liles, M; Lindner, R; Linn, C; Liu, B; Liu, G; von Loeben, J; Lohn, S; Lopes, J H; Lopez Asamar, E; Lopez-March, N; Lu, H; Lucchesi, D; Luisier, J; Luo, H; Machefert, F; Machikhiliyan, I V; Maciuc, F; Maev, O; Malde, S; Manca, G; Mancinelli, G; Marconi, U; Märki, R; Marks, J; Martellotti, G; Martens, A; Martin, L; Martín Sánchez, A; Martinelli, M; Martinez Santos, D; Martins Tostes, D; Massafferri, A; Matev, R; Mathe, Z; Matteuzzi, C; Maurice, E; Mazurov, A; McCarthy, J; McNulty, R; Mcnab, A; Meadows, B; Meier, F; Meissner, M; Merk, M; Milanes, D A; Minard, M -N; Molina Rodriguez, J; Monteil, S; Moran, D; Morawski, P; Morello, M J; Mountain, R; Mous, I; Muheim, F; Müller, K; Muresan, R; Muryn, B; Muster, B; Naik, P; Nakada, T; Nandakumar, R; Nasteva, I; Needham, M; Neufeld, N; Nguyen, A D; Nguyen, T D; Nguyen-Mau, C; Nicol, M; Niess, V; Niet, R; Nikitin, N; Nikodem, T; Nomerotski, A; Novoselov, A; Oblakowska-Mucha, A; Obraztsov, V; Oggero, S; Ogilvy, S; Okhrimenko, O; Oldeman, R; Orlandea, M; Otalora Goicochea, J M; Owen, P; Pal, B K; Palano, A; Palutan, M; Panman, J; Papanestis, A; Pappagallo, M; Parkes, C; Parkinson, C J; Passaleva, G; Patel, G D; Patel, M; Patrick, G N; Patrignani, C; Pavel-Nicorescu, C; Pazos Alvarez, A; Pellegrino, A; Penso, G; Pepe Altarelli, M; Perazzini, S; Perego, D L; Perez Trigo, E; Pérez-Calero Yzquierdo, A; Perret, P; Perrin-Terrin, M; Pessina, G; Petridis, K; Petrolini, A; Phan, A; Picatoste Olloqui, E; Pietrzyk, B; Pilař, T; Pinci, D; Playfer, S; Plo Casasus, M; Polci, F; Polok, G; Poluektov, A; Polycarpo, E; Popov, D; Popovici, B; Potterat, C; Powell, A; Prisciandaro, J; Pugatch, V; Puig Navarro, A; Punzi, G; Qian, W; Rademacker, J H; Rakotomiaramanana, B; Rangel, M S; Raniuk, I; Rauschmayr, N; Raven, G; Redford, S; Reid, M M; dos Reis, A C; Ricciardi, S; Richards, A; Rinnert, K; Rives Molina, V; Roa Romero, D A; Robbe, P; Rodrigues, E; Rodriguez Perez, P; Roiser, S; Romanovsky, V; Romero Vidal, A; Rouvinet, J; Ruf, T; Ruffini, F; Ruiz, H; Ruiz Valls, P; Sabatino, G; Saborido Silva, J J; Sagidova, N; Sail, P; Saitta, B; Salzmann, C; Sanmartin Sedes, B; Sannino, M; Santacesaria, R; Santamarina Rios, C; Santovetti, E; Sapunov, M; Sarti, A; Satriano, C; Satta, A; Savrie, M; Savrina, D; Schaack, P; Schiller, M; Schindler, H; Schlupp, M; Schmelling, M; Schmidt, B; Schneider, O; Schopper, A; Schune, M -H; Schwemmer, R; Sciascia, B; Sciubba, A; Seco, M; Semennikov, A; Senderowska, K; Sepp, I; Serra, N; Serrano, J; Seyfert, P; Shapkin, M; Shapoval, I; Shatalov, P; Shcheglov, Y; Shears, T; Shekhtman, L; Shevchenko, O; Shevchenko, V; Shires, A; Silva Coutinho, R; Skwarnicki, T; Smith, N A; Smith, E; Smith, M; Sokoloff, M D; Soler, F J P; Soomro, F; Souza, D; Souza De Paula, B; Spaan, B; Sparkes, A; Spradlin, P; Stagni, F; Stahl, S; Steinkamp, O; Stoica, S; Stone, S; Storaci, B; Straticiuc, M; Straumann, U; Subbiah, V K; Swientek, S; Syropoulos, V; Szczekowski, M; Szczypka, P; Szumlak, T; T'Jampens, S; Teklishyn, M; Teodorescu, E; Teubert, F; Thomas, C; Thomas, E; van Tilburg, J; Tisserand, V; Tobin, M; Tolk, S; Tonelli, D; Topp-Joergensen, S; Torr, N; Tournefier, E; Tourneur, S; Tran, M T; Tresch, M; Tsaregorodtsev, A; Tsopelas, P; Tuning, N; Ubeda Garcia, M; Ukleja, A; Urner, D; Uwer, U; Vagnoni, V; Valenti, G; Vazquez Gomez, R; Vazquez Regueiro, P; Vecchi, S; Velthuis, J J; Veltri, M; Veneziano, G; Vesterinen, M; Viaud, B; Vieira, D; Vilasis-Cardona, X; Vollhardt, A; Volyanskyy, D; Voong, D; Vorobyev, A; Vorobyev, V; Voß, C; Voss, H; Waldi, R; Wallace, R; Wandernoth, S; Wang, J; Ward, D R; Watson, N K; Webber, A D; Websdale, D; Whitehead, M; Wicht, J; Wiechczynski, J; Wiedner, D; Wiggers, L; Wilkinson, G; Williams, M P; Williams, M; Wilson, F F; Wishahi, J; Witek, M; Wotton, S A; Wright, S; Wu, S; Wyllie, K; Xie, Y; Xing, F; Xing, Z; Yang, Z; Young, R; Yuan, X; Yushchenko, O; Zangoli, M; Zavertyaev, M; Zhang, F; Zhang, L; Zhang, W C; Zhang, Y; Zhelezov, A; Zhokhov, A; Zhong, L; Zvyagin, A

    2013-01-01

    First observations and measurements of the branching fractions of the $\\bar{B}_s^0\\to D^+D^-$, $\\bar{B}_s^0\\to D_s^+D^-$ and $\\bar{B}_s^0\\to D^0\\bar{D}^0$ decays are presented using $1.0$~fb$^{-1}$ of data collected by the LHCb experiment. These branching fractions are normalized to those of $\\bar{B}^0\\to D^+D^-$, $B^0\\to D_s^+D^-$ and $B^-\\to D^0D_s^-$, respectively. An excess of events consistent with the decay $\\bar{B}^0\\to D^0\\bar{D}^0$ is also seen, and its branching fraction is measured relative to that of $B^-\\to D^0D_s^-$. Improved measurements of the branching fractions ${\\cal{B}}(\\bar{B}_s^0\\to D_s^+D_s^-)$ and ${\\cal{B}}(B^-\\to D^0D_s^-)$ are reported, each relative to ${\\cal{B}}(B^0\\to D_s^+D^-)$. The ratios of branching fractions are \\begin{align*} {{\\cal{B}}(\\bar{B}_s^0\\to D^+D^-)\\over {\\cal{B}}(\\bar{B}^0\\to D^+D^-)} &= 1.08\\pm 0.20\\pm0.10, \

  4. Sunlight and Vitamin D

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wacker, Matthias; Holick, Michael F.

    2013-01-01

    Vitamin D is the sunshine vitamin that has been produced on this earth for more than 500 million years. During exposure to sunlight 7-dehydrocholesterol in the skin absorbs UV B radiation and is converted to previtamin D3 which in turn isomerizes into vitamin D3. Previtamin D3 and vitamin D3 also absorb UV B radiation and are converted into a variety of photoproducts some of which have unique biologic properties. Sun induced vitamin D synthesis is greatly influenced by season, time of day, latitude, altitude, air pollution, skin pigmentation, sunscreen use, passing through glass and plastic, and aging. Vitamin D is metabolized sequentially in the liver and kidneys into 25-hydroxyvitamin D which is a major circulating form and 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D which is the biologically active form respectively. 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D plays an important role in regulating calcium and phosphate metabolism for maintenance of metabolic functions and for skeletal health. Most cells and organs in the body have a vitamin D receptor and many cells and organs are able to produce 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D. As a result 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D influences a large number of biologic pathways which may help explain association studies relating vitamin D deficiency and living at higher latitudes with increased risk for many chronic diseases including autoimmune diseases, some cancers, cardiovascular disease, infectious disease, schizophrenia and type 2 diabetes. A three-part strategy of increasing food fortification programs with vitamin D, sensible sun exposure recommendations and encouraging ingestion of a vitamin D supplement when needed should be implemented to prevent global vitamin D deficiency and its negative health consequences. PMID:24494042

  5. Vitamin D-mangel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mosekilde, Leif; Nielsen, Lars Rejnmark; Larsen, Erik Roj

    2005-01-01

    During the last two decades, biochemical assays for 25-hydroxyvitamin D have been available, and based on plasma measurements various definitions of vitamin D deficiency have been suggested. Whereas severe vitamin D deficiency is usually recognised relatively easy, it has been more difficult to d......% and 47%, respectively. Thus, a suboptimal vitamin D status is common among Danes. It is therefore important to consider how their vitamin D status can be improved.......During the last two decades, biochemical assays for 25-hydroxyvitamin D have been available, and based on plasma measurements various definitions of vitamin D deficiency have been suggested. Whereas severe vitamin D deficiency is usually recognised relatively easy, it has been more difficult...... to delimit the more subtle forms of vitamin D insufficiency. Today, a suboptimal vitamin D status is considered to be when the plasma 25-hydroxyvitamin D level is below 50 nmol/L. Vitamin D insufficiency is defined as a plasma concentration between 25 and 50 nmol/L, whereas the term deficiency is used...

  6. The dS/dS Correspondence

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alishahiha, Mohsen; Karch, Andreas; Silverstein, Eva; Tong, David

    2004-01-01

    We present a holographic duality for the de Sitter static patch which consolidates basic features of its geometry and the behavior of gravity and brane probes, valid on timescales short compared to the decay or Poincare recurrence times. Namely de Sitter spacetime dSd(R) in d dimensions with curvature radius R is holographically dual to two conformal field theories on dSd-1(R), cut off at an energy scale 1/R where they couple to each other and to d - 1 dimensional gravity. As part of our analysis, we study brane probes in de Sitter and thermal Anti de Sitter spaces, and interpret the terms in the corresponding DBI action via strongly coupled thermal field theory. This provides a dual field theoretic interpretation of the fact that probes take forever to reach a horizon in general relativity

  7. Refined 3d-3d correspondence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alday, Luis F.; Genolini, Pietro Benetti; Bullimore, Mathew; Loon, Mark van [Mathematical Institute, University of Oxford, Andrew Wiles Building,Radcliffe Observatory Quarter, Woodstock Road, Oxford, OX2 6GG (United Kingdom)

    2017-04-28

    We explore aspects of the correspondence between Seifert 3-manifolds and 3d N=2 supersymmetric theories with a distinguished abelian flavour symmetry. We give a prescription for computing the squashed three-sphere partition functions of such 3d N=2 theories constructed from boundary conditions and interfaces in a 4d N=2{sup ∗} theory, mirroring the construction of Seifert manifold invariants via Dehn surgery. This is extended to include links in the Seifert manifold by the insertion of supersymmetric Wilson-’t Hooft loops in the 4d N=2{sup ∗} theory. In the presence of a mass parameter for the distinguished flavour symmetry, we recover aspects of refined Chern-Simons theory with complex gauge group, and in particular construct an analytic continuation of the S-matrix of refined Chern-Simons theory.

  8. Cement analysis using d + D neutrons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Womble, Phillip C.; Paschal, Jon; Moore, Ryan

    2005-01-01

    In the cement industry, the primary concern is quality control. The earlier the cement industry can institute quality control upon their product, the more significant their savings in labor, energy and material. We are developing a prototype cement analyzer using pulsed neutrons from a d-D electronic neutron generator with the goal of ensuring quality control of cement in an on-line manner. By utilizing a low intensity d-D neutron source and a specially-designed moderator assembly, we are able to produce one of the safest neutron-based systems in the market. Also, this design includes some exciting new methods of data acquisition which may substantially reduce the final installation costs. In our proof-of-principle measurements, we were able to measure the primary components of cement (Al, Si, Ca and Fe) to limits required for the raw materials, the derived mixes and the clinkers utilizing this neutron generator

  9. Low impact plutonium glovebox D ampersand D

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rose, R.W.

    1995-01-01

    A dilemma often encountered in decontamination and decommissioning operations is the lack of choice as to the location where the work is to be performed. Facility siting, laboratory location, and adjacent support areas were often determined based on criteria, which while appropriate at the time, are not always the most conducive to a D ampersand D project. One must learn to adapt and cope with as found conditions. High priority research activities, which cannot be interrupted, may be occurring in adjacent non-radiological facilities in the immediate vicinity where highly contaminated materials must be handled in the course of a D ampersand D operation. The execution of a project within such an environment involves a high level of coordination, cooperation, professionalism and flexibility among the project, the work force and the surrounding occupants. Simply moving occupants from the potentially affected area is not always an option and much consideration must be given in the selection of the D ampersand D methodology to be employed and the processes to be implemented. Determining project boundaries and the ensuring that adjacent occupants are included in the planning/scheduling of specific operations which impact their work area are important in the development of the safety envelope. Such was the case in the recent D ampersand D of 61 gloveboxes contaminated with plutonium and other transuranic nuclides at the Argonne National Laboratory-East site. The gloveboxes, which were used in Department of Energy research and development program activities over the past 30 years, were decontaminated to below transuranic waste criteria, size reduced, packaged and removed from Building 212 by Argonne National Laboratory personnel in conjunction with Nuclear Fuel Services, Inc. with essentially no impact to adjacent occupants

  10. Low impact plutonium glovebox D&D

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rose, R.W.

    1995-12-31

    A dilemma often encountered in decontamination and decommissioning operations is the lack of choice as to the location where the work is to be performed. Facility siting, laboratory location, and adjacent support areas were often determined based on criteria, which while appropriate at the time, are not always the most conducive to a D&D project. One must learn to adapt and cope with as found conditions. High priority research activities, which cannot be interrupted, may be occurring in adjacent non-radiological facilities in the immediate vicinity where highly contaminated materials must be handled in the course of a D&D operation. The execution of a project within such an environment involves a high level of coordination, cooperation, professionalism and flexibility among the project, the work force and the surrounding occupants. Simply moving occupants from the potentially affected area is not always an option and much consideration must be given in the selection of the D&D methodology to be employed and the processes to be implemented. Determining project boundaries and the ensuring that adjacent occupants are included in the planning/scheduling of specific operations which impact their work area are important in the development of the safety envelope. Such was the case in the recent D&D of 61 gloveboxes contaminated with plutonium and other transuranic nuclides at the Argonne National Laboratory-East site. The gloveboxes, which were used in Department of Energy research and development program activities over the past 30 years, were decontaminated to below transuranic waste criteria, size reduced, packaged and removed from Building 212 by Argonne National Laboratory personnel in conjunction with Nuclear Fuel Services, Inc. with essentially no impact to adjacent occupants.

  11. D-dimer Test

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 1997). Taber's Cyclopedic Medical Dictionary. F.A. Davis Company, Philadelphia, PA [18th Edition]. Pagana, Kathleen D. & Pagana, ... www.itxm.org . Titus, K. (2003 January). Identity crisis persists: which D-dimer? CAP Today , In the ...

  12. Vitamin D Pooling Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Vitamin D Pooling Project of Rarer Cancers brought together investigators from 10 cohorts to conduct a large prospective epidemiologic study of the association between vitamin D status and seven rarer cancers.

  13. Enterovirus D68

    Science.gov (United States)

    Non-polio enterovirus ... Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. Enterovirus D68. www.cdc.gov/non-polio-enterovirus/about/ev-d68.html#us . Updated October 20, 2017. Accessed October 26, 2017. Romero JR, Modlin ...

  14. Vitamin D Test

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... disease. If your results show you have an excess of (too much) vitamin D, it is most likely due to taking ... 2 screens]. Available from: ... Merck & Co. Inc.; c2017. Vitamin D [cited 2017 Apr 10]; [about 2 screens]. ...

  15. Delta agent (Hepatitis D)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000216.htm Hepatitis D (Delta agent) To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Hepatitis D is a viral infection caused by the ...

  16. D-xylose absorption

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/003606.htm D-xylose absorption To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. D-xylose absorption is a laboratory test to determine ...

  17. Vitamin D derivatives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Deluca, H.F.; Schnoes, H.K.; Napoli, J.L.; Fivizzani, M.A.

    1981-01-01

    The preparation is described of specified vitamin D 3 esters containing alkyl and hydroxy groups. They can be used, in particular, for preparing radiolabeled vitamin D 3 compounds of high specific activity. (U.K.)

  18. Vitamin D and Anaesthesia

    OpenAIRE

    Biricik, Ebru; Güneş, Yasemin

    2015-01-01

    Vitamin D is a vitamin not only associated with calcium-phosphorus metabolism but also affects many organ systems. Because of its effect on the immune system in recent years, it has attracted much attention. Vitamin D deficiency is a clinical condition that can be widely observed in the society. Thus, patients with vitamin D deficiency are often seen in anaesthesia practice. In the absence of vitamin D, prolongation of intensive care unit stay, increase in mortality and morbidity and also ass...

  19. M D Subash Chandran

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    M D Subash Chandran · More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 4 Issue 10 October 1999 pp 69-77 Classroom. Project Lifescape – Flowering Plants · M D Subash Chandran V V Sivan · More Details Fulltext PDF. Volume 7 Issue 11 November 2002 pp 80-81 Book Review. Ecology and Sustainable Development · M D Subash ...

  20. Open 3D Projects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felician ALECU

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Many professionals and 3D artists consider Blender as being the best open source solution for 3D computer graphics. The main features are related to modeling, rendering, shading, imaging, compositing, animation, physics and particles and realtime 3D/game creation.

  1. Nonclassical Vitamin D Actions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Armin Zittermann

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available It is becoming increasingly clear that vitamin D has a broad range of actions in the human body. Besides its well-known effects on calcium/phosphate homeostasis, vitamin D influences muscle function, cardiovascular homeostasis, nervous function, and the immune response. Vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency has been associated with muscle weakness and a high incidence of various chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, cancer, multiple sclerosis, and type 1 and 2 diabetes. Most importantly, low vitamin D status has been found to be an independent predictor of all-cause mortality. Several recent randomized controlled trials support the assumption that vitamin D can improve muscle strength, glucose homeostasis, and cardiovascular risk markers. In addition, vitamin D may reduce cancer incidence and elevated blood pressure. Since the prevalence of vitamin D deficiency/insufficiency is high throughout the world, there is a need to improve vitamin D status in the general adult population. However, the currently recommended daily vitamin D intake of 5–15 µg is too low to achieve an adequate vitamin D status in individuals with only modest skin synthesis. Thus, there is a need to recommend a vitamin D intake that is effective for achieving adequate circulating 25-hydroxyvitamin D concentrations (>75 nmol/L.

  2. D and C - slideshow

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/presentations/100013.htm D and C - series—Normal anatomy To use the ... MD, MHA, Isla Ogilvie, PhD, and the A.D.A.M. Editorial team. Related MedlinePlus Health Topics ...

  3. d s raghuvanshi

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. D S RAGHUVANSHI. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 41 Issue 2 April 2018 pp 44. 3D Architectured polyazomethine gel synthesis: its self-assembled intercalating complexation with nitro aromatic acceptor · D S RAGHUVANSHI N B SHIRSATH P P ...

  4. Vitamin D derivatives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Deluca, H.F.; Schnoes, H.K.; Napoli, J.L.; Fivizzani, M.A.

    1982-01-01

    The chemical preparation of 26,27-isotopically labelled vitamin D 3 derivatives of high specific activity is described. These labelled vitamin D derivatives are useful in the determination of vitamin D metabolite levels in the blood and tissues of man and animals. (U.K.)

  5. Vitamin D supplementation guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pludowski, Pawel; Holick, Michael F; Grant, William B; Konstantynowicz, Jerzy; Mascarenhas, Mario R; Haq, Afrozul; Povoroznyuk, Vladyslav; Balatska, Nataliya; Barbosa, Ana Paula; Karonova, Tatiana; Rudenka, Ema; Misiorowski, Waldemar; Zakharova, Irina; Rudenka, Alena; Łukaszkiewicz, Jacek; Marcinowska-Suchowierska, Ewa; Łaszcz, Natalia; Abramowicz, Pawel; Bhattoa, Harjit P; Wimalawansa, Sunil J

    2018-01-01

    Research carried out during the past two-decades extended the understanding of actions of vitamin D, from regulating calcium and phosphate absorption and bone metabolism to many pleiotropic actions in organs and tissues in the body. Most observational and ecological studies report association of higher serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] concentrations with improved outcomes for several chronic, communicable and non-communicable diseases. Consequently, numerous agencies and scientific organizations have developed recommendations for vitamin D supplementation and guidance on optimal serum 25(OH)D concentrations. The bone-centric guidelines recommend a target 25(OH)D concentration of 20ng/mL (50nmol/L), and age-dependent daily vitamin D doses of 400-800IU. The guidelines focused on pleiotropic effects of vitamin D recommend a target 25(OH)D concentration of 30ng/mL (75nmol/L), and age-, body weight-, disease-status, and ethnicity dependent vitamin D doses ranging between 400 and 2000IU/day. The wise and balanced choice of the recommendations to follow depends on one's individual health outcome concerns, age, body weight, latitude of residence, dietary and cultural habits, making the regional or nationwide guidelines more applicable in clinical practice. While natural sources of vitamin D can raise 25(OH)D concentrations, relative to dietary preferences and latitude of residence, in the context of general population, these sources are regarded ineffective to maintain the year-round 25(OH)D concentrations in the range of 30-50ng/mL (75-125nmol/L). Vitamin D self-administration related adverse effects, such as hypercalcemia and hypercalciuria are rare, and usually result from taking extremely high doses of vitamin D for a prolonged time. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Outsourcing R&D

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hsuan, Juliana; Mahnke, Volker

    2011-01-01

    Outsourcing R&D is an increasingly explored corporate practice. Extant research advanced our initial understanding of its increasing importance and benefits. While the associated literature has blossomed, the enthusiasm of R&D managers is tenured by an increasing realization of the possible......&D, suggest a simple, yet integrative model on the relation between outsourcing R&D and performance, and offer a research agenda that is instrumental in guiding companies’ process-management and design strategies when seeking to benefit from the outsourcing of R&D....

  7. ANIPLO-D50

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dietrich, R.

    1979-01-01

    The ANIPLO-D50 code plots the location-dependent scalar flow calculated with the ANISN Sn program. The scalar flows punched on cards by the ANISN program are part of the input of ANIPLO-D50. They can be read by ANIPLO-D50 directly in the mode chosen in ANISN where signs, mantissa, and exponents are distinguished. The ANIPLO-D50 program also permits plotting of the dose rate distribution. The ANIPLO-D50 code is written in FORTRAN IV. (orig.) [de

  8. Vitamin D-mangel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hey, Henrik; Schmedes, Anne; Horn, Peer

    2009-01-01

    The importance of vitamin D for osteoporosis and fractures has been known for more than 40 years. Vitamin D deficiency is diagnosed by measuring 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD), which should be > 50 nmol/l year round. Recent research suggests that a number of severe diseases could be prevented...... by increasing 25-OHD to 80 nmol/l. Despite a strong focus on such increase, recommendations for intake of Vitamin D have not been changed and the present recommendations are too low even to ensure > 50 nmol/l. To achieve optimal concentrations > 80 nmol/l, we estimate that 50-70 microgram of vitamin D per day...

  9. Recoiling D-branes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nakamura, Shin

    2005-01-01

    We propose a new method to describe a recoiling D-brane that is elastically scattered by closed strings in the nonrelativistic region. We utilize the low-energy effective field theory on the worldvolume of the D-brane, and the velocity of the D-brane is described by the time derivative of the expectation values of the massless scalar fields on the worldvolume. The effects of the closed strings are represented by a source term for the massless fields in this method. The momentum conservation condition between the closed strings and the D-brane is derived up to the relative sign of the momentum of the D-brane

  10. Drug: D04769 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D04769 Mixture ... Drug Fradiomycin sulfate - prednisolone mixt; Aersolin D (TN) Fra...diomycin sulfate [DR:D01618], Prednisolone [DR:D00472] ... Therapeutic category: 2647 ATC code: D07CA03 ... PubChem: 17398159 ...

  11. Drug: D10745 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D10745 Mixture ... Drug Ombitasvir - paritaprevir -ritonavir mixt; Technivie (TN) (O...mbitasvir hydrate [DR:D10598] | Ombitasvir [DR:D10576]), (Paritaprevir hydrate [DR:D10597] | Paritaprevir [D

  12. Drug: D06953 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 06739], Ginger [DR:D06744], Glycyrrhiza [DR:D04365], Ephedra herb [DR:D06791], Jujube [DR:D06758], Apricot kernel [DR:D06708] ... Therapeutic category: 5200 ... PubChem: 51091295 ...

  13. Mean inactivation dose (D)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vijayakumar, S.; Ng, T.C.; Raudkivi, U.; Meaney, T.J.

    1990-01-01

    By predicting treatment outcome to radiotherapy from in vitro radiobiological parameters, not only individual patient treatments can be tailored, but also new promising treatment protocols can be tried in patients in whom unfavorable outcome is predicted. In this respect, choosing the right parameter can be very important. Unlike D 0 and N which provide information of the distal part of the survival curve, mean inactivation dose (D) estimates overall radiosensitivity. However, the parameters reflecting the response at the clinically relevant low-dose region are neglected in the literature. In a literature survey of 98 papers in which survival curves or D 0 /N were used, only in 2 D was used. In 21 papers the D 0 /n values were important in drawing conclusions. By calculating D in 3 of these 21 papers, we show that the conclusion drawn may be altered with the use of D. The importance of ''low-dose-region-parameters'' is reviewed. (orig.)

  14. Pragmatic and cost efficient D and D

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morris, M. [Nuclear Fuel Services, Erwin, TN (United States)

    1998-03-01

    A great deal of effort is expended by remediation professionals in the pursuit of new technologies to assist them in performing their tasks more efficiently. These individuals understand the cost savings associated with volume reduction and waste minimization and routinely incorporate these practices into their planning. However, the largest cost component on many D and D projects is labor. Increasing the efficiency of work force utilization is frequently the most overlooked technique that can be instituted and which can easily offer major cost savings. Granted, some D and D jobs require highly specialized tools and equipment which are quite expensive. Decreasing these costs is often not an option or will yield minimal results. Conversely, the increase in worker efficiency can usually decrease costs dramatically. During the performance of the Safe Shutdown Project at the Fernald Environmental Management Project (the Fernald site), a process improvement initiative was instituted in support of the development of the Ten Year Plan. Costs associated with the removal of hundreds of thousands of pounds of nuclear material from formerly utilized equipment piping, and ductwork in nuclear facilities at the Fernald site were analyzed. This analysis indicated that the labor component was large enough to merit further inspection. A new approach to the activities was instituted and the results were significant. A macroscopic overview of all work activities utilized work evolution control (sequencing), building segmentation, and efficient use of engineering controls to streamline the D and D process. Overall costs on the first facility were reduced by over 20%. The increased labor efficiency resulted in decreased Personal Protective Equipment costs for field personnel. This approach will be discussed in detail.

  15. D ampersand D screening risk evaluation guidance

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Robers, S.K.; Golden, K.M.; Wollert, D.A.

    1995-09-01

    The Screening Risk Evaluation (SRE) guidance document is a set of guidelines provided for the uniform implementation of SREs performed on decontamination and decommissioning (D ampersand D) facilities. Although this method has been developed for D ampersand D facilities, it can be used for transition (EM-60) facilities as well. The SRE guidance produces screening risk scores reflecting levels of risk through the use of risk ranking indices. Five types of possible risk are calculated from the SRE: current releases, worker exposures, future releases, physical hazards, and criticality. The Current Release Index (CRI) calculates the current risk to human health and the environment, exterior to the building, from ongoing or probable releases within a one-year time period. The Worker Exposure Index (WEI) calculates the current risk to workers, occupants and visitors inside contaminated D ampersand D facilities due to contaminant exposure. The Future Release Index (FRI) calculates the hypothetical risk of future releases of contaminants, after one year, to human health and the environment. The Physical Hazards Index (PHI) calculates the risks to human health due to factors other than that of contaminants. Criticality is approached as a modifying factor to the entire SRE, due to the fact that criticality issues are strictly regulated under DOE. Screening risk results will be tabulated in matrix form, and Total Risk will be calculated (weighted equation) to produce a score on which to base early action recommendations. Other recommendations from the screening risk scores will be made based either on individual index scores or from reweighted Total Risk calculations. All recommendations based on the SRE will be made based on a combination of screening risk scores, decision drivers, and other considerations, as determined on a project-by-project basis

  16. Pragmatic and cost efficient D and D

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Morris, M.

    1998-03-01

    A great deal of effort is expended by remediation professionals in the pursuit of new technologies to assist them in performing their tasks more efficiently. These individuals understand the cost savings associated with volume reduction and waste minimization and routinely incorporate these practices into their planning. However, the largest cost component on many D and D projects is labor. Increasing the efficiency of work force utilization is frequently the most overlooked technique that can be instituted and which can easily offer major cost savings. Granted, some D and D jobs require highly specialized tools and equipment which are quite expensive. Decreasing these costs is often not an option or will yield minimal results. Conversely, the increase in worker efficiency can usually decrease costs dramatically. During the performance of the Safe Shutdown Project at the Fernald Environmental Management Project (the Fernald site), a process improvement initiative was instituted in support of the development of the Ten Year Plan. Costs associated with the removal of hundreds of thousands of pounds of nuclear material from formerly utilized equipment piping, and ductwork in nuclear facilities at the Fernald site were analyzed. This analysis indicated that the labor component was large enough to merit further inspection. A new approach to the activities was instituted and the results were significant. A macroscopic overview of all work activities utilized work evolution control (sequencing), building segmentation, and efficient use of engineering controls to streamline the D and D process. Overall costs on the first facility were reduced by over 20%. The increased labor efficiency resulted in decreased Personal Protective Equipment costs for field personnel. This approach will be discussed in detail

  17. D & D screening risk evaluation guidance

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Robers, S.K.; Golden, K.M.; Wollert, D.A.

    1995-09-01

    The Screening Risk Evaluation (SRE) guidance document is a set of guidelines provided for the uniform implementation of SREs performed on decontamination and decommissioning (D&D) facilities. Although this method has been developed for D&D facilities, it can be used for transition (EM-60) facilities as well. The SRE guidance produces screening risk scores reflecting levels of risk through the use of risk ranking indices. Five types of possible risk are calculated from the SRE: current releases, worker exposures, future releases, physical hazards, and criticality. The Current Release Index (CRI) calculates the current risk to human health and the environment, exterior to the building, from ongoing or probable releases within a one-year time period. The Worker Exposure Index (WEI) calculates the current risk to workers, occupants and visitors inside contaminated D&D facilities due to contaminant exposure. The Future Release Index (FRI) calculates the hypothetical risk of future releases of contaminants, after one year, to human health and the environment. The Physical Hazards Index (PHI) calculates the risks to human health due to factors other than that of contaminants. Criticality is approached as a modifying factor to the entire SRE, due to the fact that criticality issues are strictly regulated under DOE. Screening risk results will be tabulated in matrix form, and Total Risk will be calculated (weighted equation) to produce a score on which to base early action recommendations. Other recommendations from the screening risk scores will be made based either on individual index scores or from reweighted Total Risk calculations. All recommendations based on the SRE will be made based on a combination of screening risk scores, decision drivers, and other considerations, as determined on a project-by-project basis.

  18. D and D technology development program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hyde, J.M.

    1998-01-01

    This paper describes the content of the current program of work for the Deactivation and Decommissioning Focus Area (DDFA) located in the Office of Science and Technology (EM-50). The authors began using large-scale demonstration projects (LSDPs) in 1996 to demonstrate and test innovative decommissioning and decontamination (D and D) technologies in ongoing US Department of Energy (DOE) decommissioning projects. These LSDPs have been conducted in and are planned for different types of DOE facilities such as research and production reactors; highly enriched uranium, tritium, and plutonium processing facilities; fuel reprocessing canyons; weapons production facilities; gaseous diffusion plants; hot cells; and waste processing facilities. The concept has been to focus on addressing DOE's high-priority deactivation and decommissioning needs through the LSDP strategy. In an LSDP, the focus area demonstrates improved technologies side by side with the current baseline technologies in ongoing site decommissioning projects. This approach helps reduce the risk and liability for the DOE users associated with the first-time use of a technology and promotes creative solutions that expand the D and D tool box beyond standard practices and technologies along with other benefits. As of January 1998, more than 50 technologies have been demonstrated covering the areas of characterization, decontamination, dismantlement, waste disposition, stabilization, and health and safety

  19. Underwater 3D filming

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Rinaldi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available After an experimental phase of many years, 3D filming is now effective and successful. Improvements are still possible, but the film industry achieved memorable success on 3D movie’s box offices due to the overall quality of its products. Special environments such as space (“Gravity” and the underwater realm look perfect to be reproduced in 3D. “Filming in space” was possible in “Gravity” using special effects and computer graphic. The underwater realm is still difficult to be handled. Underwater filming in 3D was not that easy and effective as filming in 2D, since not long ago. After almost 3 years of research, a French, Austrian and Italian team realized a perfect tool to film underwater, in 3D, without any constrains. This allows filmmakers to bring the audience deep inside an environment where they most probably will never have the chance to be.

  20. d=8 supergravity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Salam, A.; Sezgin, E.

    1984-10-01

    SU(2) gauged N=2 supergravity in d=8 is constructed by generalized dimensional reduction of d=11 supergravity on SU(2) group manifold. The relation between the field equations of the d=8 and those of d=11 supergravities is established. As a byproduct of this, it is shown that certain compactifications of d=11 supergravity give rise to anti-de Sitter space-time (AdS)xS 4 or AdSxCP 2 (with or without SU(2) instanton) or AdSxS 2 xS 2 compactifications of d=8 supergravity. The latter two solutions have no supersymmetry, while AdSxS 4 has N=0 or N=1 supersymmetry. (author)

  1. Vitamin D and Diabetes

    OpenAIRE

    PITTAS, ANASTASSIOS G.; DAWSON-HUGHES, BESS

    2010-01-01

    On the basis of evidence from animal and human studies, vitamin D has emerged as a potential risk modifier for type 1 and type 2 diabetes (type 1 diabetes and type 2 diabetes). Vitamin D is thought to have both direct (through activation of the vitamin D receptor) and indirect (via regulation of calcium homeostasis) effects on various mechanisms related to the pathophysiology of both types of diabetes, including pancreatic beta cell dysfunction, impaired insulin action and systemic inflammati...

  2. D K Mishra

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. D K Mishra. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 34 Issue 7 December 2011 pp 1501-1506. Ce-doped LCMO CMR manganites: a consequence of enhanced T c and T IM · D K Mishra D R Sahu P K Mishra S K Singh B K Mohapatra B K Roul · More Details ...

  3. Drug: D09063 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 9], Jujube [DR:D06758], Ginger [DR:D06744], Glycyrrhiza [DR:D04365], Japanese angelica root [DR:D06768], Sac... D09063 Formula ... Drug Kigikenchuto Cinnamon bark [DR:D06712], Peony root [DR:D0673

  4. Drug: D06956 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ycyrrhiza [DR:D04365], Ginger [DR:D06744], Immature orange [DR:D06706], (Atractylodes rhizome [DR:D06780] | ...703], Cinnamon bark [DR:D06712], Ephedra herb [DR:D06791], Jujube [DR:D06758], Gl

  5. Drug: D06965 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available izome [DR:D00092], Scutellaria root [DR:D06688], Phellodendron bark [DR:D06689], Gardenia fruit [DR:D06731], Platycodon root [DR:D067...03], Forsythia fruit [DR:D04674], Peppermint [DR:D05431

  6. Pregnancy and Vitamin D

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jitendra Ingole

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Vitamin D insufficiency is common in women across different races of childbearing age. It is being increasingly discovered that vitamin D has many important bodily functions apart from skeletal actions pertaining to Calcium homeostasis. Evidence suggests that the maternal risks due to vitamin D deficiency includes eclampsia, increased risk of gestational diabetes mellitus, glucose intolerance; and fetal risks include risk of rickets, osteoporotic fracture in late adulthood. It may be prudent to include screening of all pregnant women for vitamin D level as a part of routine antenatal care and supplementation be given if found deficient.

  7. ON SOFT D2-ALGEBRA AND SOFT D2-IDEALS

    OpenAIRE

    S. Subramanian; S. Seethalaksmi

    2018-01-01

    In this paper, we have studied some characterization of soft D2-algebra, kernel, intersection, image, quotient D2-algebra’s and relations ship between D2-algebra and D2-ideals with suitable examples.

  8. Alternative D and D Planning Tool - 12466

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Starling, D.A.; Schubert, A.L.; Bergener, T.W. [URS - CH2M Oak Ridge LLC, P.O. Box 4699, Oak Ridge, Tennessee 37831-7293 (United States)

    2012-07-01

    On August 1, 2011, URS - CH2M Oak Ridge LLC (UCOR) began cleanup of the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP). UCOR's $2.2 billion contract has an initial five-year term and a four-year option period for completing the cleanup of ETTP and performing surveillance and maintenance and waste management operations at both the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and the Y-12 National Security Complex. ETTP D and D work includes disposition of large, complex, contaminated, Manhattan Project-era facilities such as the K-25 and K-27 uranium enrichment facilities. At ETTP, UCOR views the D and D process as a 'Waste Factory' with waste production lines from the point-of-generation to the point-of-disposal. Safely transforming vertically-standing buildings into horizontally-lying waste in a disposal facility is the primary cleanup objective. Whereas a factory produces widgets, D and D produces waste-lots of waste. In support of the Waste Factory view, UCOR is developing a systems planning tool to help better plan how to effect cleanup by improving waste planning, uniting waste generator with waste dis-positioner, and represent the 'waste factory' in a computer model that allows the D and D and waste management teams to better understand available disposal paths, waste uncertainties and potential consequences, driving variables, and sensitivity to changes. Any model of reality represents a compromise. Part of the Waste Factory Model's value may be in providing standardization and relative direction for assisting decision making as opposed to absolute cost or schedule answers. From that relative direction, management can commission detailed planning and estimating. Also, the model's output credibility is tied directly to its input quality. That is why, as discussed above, the Waste Factory Model's key informational component will be the standardized waste streams (e.g., Structure/Debris disposed at EMWMF) and associated standardized unit costs

  9. A 3d-3d appetizer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pei, Du; Ye, Ke [Walter Burke Institute for Theoretical Physics, California Institute of Technology, Pasadena, CA, 91125 (United States)

    2016-11-02

    We test the 3d-3d correspondence for theories that are labeled by Lens spaces. We find a full agreement between the index of the 3d N=2 “Lens space theory” T[L(p,1)] and the partition function of complex Chern-Simons theory on L(p,1). In particular, for p=1, we show how the familiar S{sup 3} partition function of Chern-Simons theory arises from the index of a free theory. For large p, we find that the index of T[L(p,1)] becomes a constant independent of p. In addition, we study T[L(p,1)] on the squashed three-sphere S{sub b}{sup 3}. This enables us to see clearly, at the level of partition function, to what extent G{sub ℂ} complex Chern-Simons theory can be thought of as two copies of Chern-Simons theory with compact gauge group G.

  10. PERICLES 2D experiment

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Morel, Christophe

    2001-01-01

    Scope of the lecture was the modelling of severe reactor accidents. The PERICLES 2D experiment was compared to CATHARE 3D simulation results considering progression of a quench front inside the reactor core, steam flow rates, heat conduction, cladding temperature. (uke)

  11. Sajan D George

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Sajan D George. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 17 Issue 7 July 2012 pp 682-690 General Article. Microfluidics – A Lab in Your Palm · Dileep Mampallil Sajan D George · More Details Fulltext PDF ...

  12. Calcium and Vitamin D

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and adults need it to keep their bones strong and healthy. If you don’t get enough vitamin D, and you’re more likely to break bones as you age. How Much Vitamin D Do You Need? Women and Men Under age 50 400-800 international units (IU) ...

  13. D N GAME

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. D N GAME. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 40 Issue 7 December 2017 pp 1441-1445. Microwave-assisted synthesis and photoluminescence properties of ZnS:Pb 2 + nanophosphor for solid-state lighting · D N GAME C B PALAN N B INGALE S K ...

  14. D B Goel

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. D B Goel. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 26 Issue 4 June 2003 pp 441-447 Biomaterials. Aging of a copper bearing HSLA-100 steel · Sanjay Panwar D B Goel O P Pandey K Satya Prasad · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Investigations were carried ...

  15. Calcium D-saccharate

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Garcia, André Castilho; Hedegaard, Martina Vavrusova; Skibsted, Leif Horsfelt

    2016-01-01

    Molar conductivity of saturated aqueous solutions of calcium d-saccharate, used as a stabilizer of beverages fortified with calcium d-gluconate, increases strongly upon dilution, indicating complex formation between calcium and d-saccharate ions, for which, at 25 °C, Kassoc = 1032 ± 80, ΔHassoc......° = -34 ± 6 kJ mol-1, and ΔSassoc° = -55 ± 9 J mol-1 K-1, were determined electrochemically. Calcium d-saccharate is sparingly soluble, with a solubility product, Ksp, of (6.17 ± 0.32) × 10-7 at 25 °C, only moderately increasing with the temperature: ΔHsol° = 48 ± 2 kJ mol-1, and ΔSassoc° = 42 ± 7 J mol-1...... K-1. Equilibria in supersaturated solutions of calcium d-saccharate seem only to adjust slowly, as seen from calcium activity measurements in calcium d-saccharate solutions made supersaturated by cooling. Solutions formed by isothermal dissolution of calcium d-gluconate in aqueous potassium d...

  16. Rediscovering vitamin D

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2010-11-08

    Nov 8, 2010 ... closely linked to that of the childhood bone disease rickets. Although the .... milk with vitamin D3, which resulted in a dramatic decline in the incidence of ... The overall effect of calcitriol on the adaptive immune system is ..... non-melanoma skin cancers, protect from solid cancers: vitamin. D as a possible ...

  17. 3D virtuel udstilling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tournay, Bruno; Rüdiger, Bjarne

    2006-01-01

    3d digital model af Arkitektskolens gård med virtuel udstilling af afgangsprojekter fra afgangen sommer 2006. 10 s.......3d digital model af Arkitektskolens gård med virtuel udstilling af afgangsprojekter fra afgangen sommer 2006. 10 s....

  18. D R Choudhari

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education. D R Choudhari. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 3 Issue 11 November 1998 pp 94-95 Book Review. Linear Algebra · D R Choudhari · More Details Fulltext PDF ...

  19. murali d bashyam

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Biosciences. MURALI D BASHYAM. Articles written in Journal of Biosciences. Volume 42 Issue 4 December 2017 pp 695-707 Review. Multiple oncogenic roles of nuclear beta-catenin · RAJU KUMAR MURALI D BASHYAM · More Details Abstract Fulltext PDF. Beta-Catenin is essential for ...

  20. D2-tree

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brodal, Gerth Stølting; Sioutas, Spyros; Pantazos, Kostas

    2015-01-01

    We present a new overlay, called the Deterministic Decentralized tree (D2-tree). The D2-tree compares favorably to other overlays for the following reasons: (a) it provides matching and better complexities, which are deterministic for the supported operations; (b) the management of nodes (peers...

  1. Vitamin D and Influenza

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-07-01

    industrial absenteeism caused by colds and respiratory illness; days of missed work was reduced by 30%. (n=3031) Homes AD, et al. Industrial...greater than ~87nmol/L. Vitamin D from sunlight affects TB The 1903 Nobel prize was awarded for the discovery that vitamin D from sunlight could cure cutaneous TB….

  2. ACTINOMYCIN D ANALOGUES

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    1997-01-01

    The present invention relates to new compounds being structurally and functionally similar to Actinomycin D and to combinatorial libraries of such compounds. The Actinomycin D analogues according to the present invention comprise two linear or cyclic peptide moieties constituted by $g...

  3. Beyond Type D personality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pelle, Aline J; Pedersen, Susanne S.; Szabó, Balázs M

    2009-01-01

    Type D personality has been associated with impaired health status in chronic heart failure (CHF), but other psychological factors may also be important.......Type D personality has been associated with impaired health status in chronic heart failure (CHF), but other psychological factors may also be important....

  4. N D Pandey

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Bulletin of Materials Science. N D Pandey. Articles written in Bulletin of Materials Science. Volume 29 Issue 3 June 2006 pp 233-238 Biomaterials. External stimuli response on a novel chitosan hydrogel crosslinked with formaldehyde · A Singh S S Narvi P K Dutta N D Pandey · More Details Abstract Fulltext ...

  5. D K Ghosh

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    D K Ghosh. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 63 Issue 6 December 2004 pp 1359-1365. Working group report: Low energy and flavour physics · Amol Dighe Anirban Kundu K Agashe B Anantanarayan A Chandra A Datta P K Das S P Das A Dighe R Forty D K Ghosh Y -Y Keum A Kundu N Mahajan S ...

  6. D K Banerjee

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education. D K Banerjee. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 18 Issue 2 February 2013 pp 188-193 Classics. On the Stereoselective Synthesis of Oestrone · D K Banerjee K M Sivanandaiah · More Details Fulltext PDF ...

  7. d k choudhury

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Pramana – Journal of Physics. D K CHOUDHURY. Articles written in Pramana – Journal of Physics. Volume 87 Issue 4 October 2016 pp 52 Regular. Root mean square radii of heavy flavoured mesons in a quantum chromodynamics potential model · D K CHOUDHURY TAPASHI DAS · More Details ...

  8. s d katore

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... B 74, 182 (1983) has been utilized to solve the field equations. Some physical and kinematical properties of the models are also discussed. Volume 88 Issue 2 February 2017 pp 30 Regular. Dynamics of Bianchi type-VI 0 holographic dark energy models in general relativity and Lyra's geometry · S D KATORE D V KAPSE.

  9. B0 → D0 anti D0K0, B+ → D0 anti D0K+, and the scalar D anti D bound state

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dai, L.R.; Xie, Ju-Jun; Oset, E.

    2016-01-01

    We study the B 0 decay to D 0 anti D 0 K 0 based on the chiral unitary approach, which generates the X(3720) resonance, and we make predictions for the D 0 anti D 0 invariant mass distribution. From the shape of the distribution, the existence of the resonance below threshold could be induced. We also predict the rate of production of the X(3720) resonance to the D 0 anti D 0 mass distribution with no free parameters. (orig.)

  10. 4D Electron Tomography

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, Oh-Hoon; Zewail, Ahmed H.

    2010-06-01

    Electron tomography provides three-dimensional (3D) imaging of noncrystalline and crystalline equilibrium structures, as well as elemental volume composition, of materials and biological specimens, including those of viruses and cells. We report the development of 4D electron tomography by integrating the fourth dimension (time resolution) with the 3D spatial resolution obtained from a complete tilt series of 2D projections of an object. The different time frames of tomograms constitute a movie of the object in motion, thus enabling studies of nonequilibrium structures and transient processes. The method was demonstrated using carbon nanotubes of a bracelet-like ring structure for which 4D tomograms display different modes of motion, such as breathing and wiggling, with resonance frequencies up to 30 megahertz. Applications can now make use of the full space-time range with the nanometer-femtosecond resolution of ultrafast electron tomography.

  11. Vitamin D and cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Minu

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Vitamin D, a fat-soluble prohormone is synthesized in response to sunlight. Experimental evidence suggests that vitamin D may reduce the risk of cancer through regulation of cellular proliferation and differentiation as well as inhibition of angiogenesis. These anticancer properties have been attributed primarily to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH 2 D] (calcitriol, the hormonal form of vitamin D. Extensive research has shown that cells, including cancer cells, express specific receptors (VDR for 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D. When bound to the VDR, 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D regulates> 60 genes that exert prodifferentiating, antiproliferative and antimetastatic effects on cells, including effects on cell cycle. The amount of exposure to the sun has been found to correlate inversely with cancer mortality and survival in numerous epidemiological studies. An inverse relationship between solar ultraviolet-B (UV-B exposure and non-skin cancer mortality has long been reported. Several ecological studies suggest that sunlight may protect against prostate, colon, rectal, female breast and ovarian cancer, all diseases that contribute to a substantially higher proportion of cancer mortality in the western industrialized world. Some analytical studies also suggest a protective association between circulating vitamin D in blood, which is largely derived from sunlight, or dietary vitamin D. Paricalcitol (calcitriol analogue is as effective as 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D in transactivating the prostatic VDR and in inhibiting the growth of prostate cancer cell lines and primary cultures of prostate cancer cells in vitro. Promising preclinical evaluations of calcitriol and analogues have appeared in prostate cancer animal models.

  12. Drug: D02155 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D02155 Mixture ... Drug Aspirin - caffeine - propoxyphene hydrochloride mixt; Darvon... compound-65 (TN) Propoxyphene hydrochloride [DR:D00482], Aspirin [DR:D00109], Caffeine [DR:D00528] ... PubChem: 7849216 ...

  13. Drug: D02120 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D02120 Mixture ... Drug Citric acid monohydrate - potassium bicarbonate mixt; K-lyte... (TN) Citric acid monohydrate [DR:D01222], Potassium bicarbonate [DR:D02077] ... PubChem: 7849181 LigandBox: D02120 ...

  14. Drug: D08707 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D08707 Mixture ... Drug l-Menthol - gentian - scopolia extract powder - sodium bicarbonate... mixt; Bellsan (TN) l-Menthol [DR:D00064], Gentian [DR:D06716], Scopolia extract powder [DR:D06875], Sodium bicarbonate

  15. Drug: D08830 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ne hydrochloride - cyanocobalamin - ascorbic acid - ergocalciferol - tocopherol acetate - calcium pantothena...[DR:D00166], Ascorbic acid [DR:D00018], Ergocalciferol [DR:D00187], Tocopherol acetate [DR:D01735], Calcium

  16. Drug: D07051 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ], Glycyrrhiza [DR:D04365], Ginger [DR:D06744], (Atractylodes rhizome [DR:D06780] | Atractylodes lancea rhizome [DR:D06752]) ... Therapeutic category: 5200 ... PubChem: 51091393 ...

  17. INEL D&D long-range plan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Buckland, R.J.; Kenoyer, D.J.; LaBuy, S.A.

    1995-09-01

    This Long-Range Plan presents the Decontamination and Dismantlement (D&D) Program planning status for facilities at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The plan provides a general description of the D&D Program objectives, management criteria, and policy; discusses current activities; and documents the INEL D&D Program cost and schedule estimate projections for the next 15 years. Appendices are included that provide INEL D&D project historical information, a comprehensive descriptive summary of each current D&D surplus facility, and a summary database of all INEL contaminated facilities awaiting or undergoing the facility transition process.

  18. INEL D ampersand D long-range plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Buckland, R.J.; Kenoyer, D.J.; LaBuy, S.A.

    1995-09-01

    This Long-Range Plan presents the Decontamination and Dismantlement (D ampersand D) Program planning status for facilities at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The plan provides a general description of the D ampersand D Program objectives, management criteria, and policy; discusses current activities; and documents the INEL D ampersand D Program cost and schedule estimate projections for the next 15 years. Appendices are included that provide INEL D ampersand D project historical information, a comprehensive descriptive summary of each current D ampersand D surplus facility, and a summary database of all INEL contaminated facilities awaiting or undergoing the facility transition process

  19. Drug: D06976 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available root [DR:D06739], Cnidium rhizome [DR:D06748], Rehmannia root [DR:D06736], Uncaria hook [DR:D06762], Astraga...lus root [DR:D06687], Phellodendron bark [DR:D06689] ... Therapeutic category: 5200 ... PubChem: 51091318 ...

  20. Drug: D06945 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available t [DR:D06739], Jujube [DR:D06758], Longgu [DR:D06799], Oyster shell [DR:D06790], Glycyrrhiza [DR:D04365], Ginger [DR:D06744] ... Therapeutic category: 5200 ... PubChem: 51091287 ...

  1. Drug: D06985 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 727], Pinellia tuber [DR:D06778], Scutellaria root [DR:D06688], Ginseng [DR:D06772], Jujube [DR:D06758], Glycyrrhiza [DR:D04365], Gin...ger [DR:D06744] ... Therapeutic category: 5200 ... PubChem: 51091327 ...

  2. 2D/3D Face Recognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-18

    MB > CD > m o I • • o • • CC • • 3 3 s = DC LU u. LL « i v* flj 3. » c- c "(0 (/) <D O O Q. CD CL Q) U) (0 £ HI Vr*"\\ s...o _ (J) CM .S — .c c 0 0 i_ CD ^^ ŝ Lf) LO <^" ^t 0 1° 03 TD 0 0 C _C 0^ 03 E o o * 03 w 0 • = 1 CO * 03

  3. 6d string chains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gadde, Abhijit; Haghighat, Babak; Kim, Joonho; Kim, Seok; Lockhart, Guglielmo; Vafa, Cumrun

    2018-02-01

    We consider bound states of strings which arise in 6d (1,0) SCFTs that are realized in F-theory in terms of linear chains of spheres with negative self-intersections 1,2, and 4. These include the strings associated to N small E 8 instantons, as well as the ones associated to M5 branes probing A and D type singularities in M-theory or D5 branes probing ADE singularities in Type IIB string theory. We find that these bound states of strings admit (0,4) supersymmetric quiver descriptions and show how one can compute their elliptic genera.

  4. Underwater 3D filming

    OpenAIRE

    Rinaldi, Roberto

    2014-01-01

    After an experimental phase of many years, 3D filming is now effective and successful. Improvements are still possible, but the film industry achieved memorable success on 3D movie’s box offices due to the overall quality of its products. Special environments such as space (“Gravity” ) and the underwater realm look perfect to be reproduced in 3D. “Filming in space” was possible in “Gravity” using special effects and computer graphic. The underwater realm is still difficult to be handled. Unde...

  5. Blender 3D cookbook

    CERN Document Server

    Valenza, Enrico

    2015-01-01

    This book is aimed at the professionals that already have good 3D CGI experience with commercial packages and have now decided to try the open source Blender and want to experiment with something more complex than the average tutorials on the web. However, it's also aimed at the intermediate Blender users who simply want to go some steps further.It's taken for granted that you already know how to move inside the Blender interface, that you already have 3D modeling knowledge, and also that of basic 3D modeling and rendering concepts, for example, edge-loops, n-gons, or samples. In any case, it'

  6. Vitamin D Deficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to other diseases. In children, it can cause rickets. Rickets is a rare disease that causes the bones ... and children are at higher risk of getting rickets. In adults, severe vitamin D deficiency leads to ...

  7. 303(d) watershed

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — Section 303(d) of the federal Clean Water Act requires Vermont, every two years, to prepare a list of all surface waters in the state for which beneficial uses -...

  8. sarcome d'ewing

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    7 mai 2012 ... Le sarcome d'Ewing est une tumeur osseuse rare corres- pondant à la ... Introduction : petrous Ewing sarcoma is exceptional. We report a ..... (15) Iriz A, Albayrak L, Eryilmaz A. Extraskeletal primary Ewing's sarcoma of the.

  9. Offshoring R&D

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Zaza Nadja Lee; Rasmussen, Lauge Baungaard

    2010-01-01

    Companies are increasingly offshoring R&D activities. Many firms, however, experience difficulties related to virtual teamwork across cultures and time zones. The research question is: How does increasing R&D offshoring impact transparency of communication structures and knowledge sharing? Using...... case studies from Danish multinational corporations with R&D activities in China, India or Eastern Europe this paper analyses the impact observed in these companies in regard to communication structures and knowledge sharing in management of offshored R&D activities. The findings show that companies...... attempt to increase transparency through formalisation of knowledge and clear communication structures. However, the influence of tacit knowledge, horizontal communication and culture seem largely overlooked. Therefore the authors suggest a context based approach to transparency accustomed...

  10. Donato D'Urbino

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Itaalia arhitektide-disainerite Jonathan De Pasi, Donato D'Urbino, Paolo Lomazzi ja Carla Scolari kavandatud ning Itaalia firmas Zanotta S.p.A. toodetud täispuhutavast plastikust tugitoolist "Blow" (1967)

  11. D for deltagelse

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reusch, Charlotte

    2017-01-01

    D som forlyden til du, dyr, damp og drik - og som i deltagelse og didaktik. Hvis børn skal godt i gang med at udvikle deres læse- og skrivekompetencer, skal der tidligt arbejdes med sproglig opmærksomhed, med bogstavers lyd, navn og form med ordkendskab og ordforråd.......D som forlyden til du, dyr, damp og drik - og som i deltagelse og didaktik. Hvis børn skal godt i gang med at udvikle deres læse- og skrivekompetencer, skal der tidligt arbejdes med sproglig opmærksomhed, med bogstavers lyd, navn og form med ordkendskab og ordforråd....

  12. DELTA 3D PRINTER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ȘOVĂILĂ Florin

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available 3D printing is a very used process in industry, the generic name being “rapid prototyping”. The essential advantage of a 3D printer is that it allows the designers to produce a prototype in a very short time, which is tested and quickly remodeled, considerably reducing the required time to get from the prototype phase to the final product. At the same time, through this technique we can achieve components with very precise forms, complex pieces that, through classical methods, could have been accomplished only in a large amount of time. In this paper, there are presented the stages of a 3D model execution, also the physical achievement after of a Delta 3D printer after the model.

  13. Vitamin D derivatives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Deluca, H.F.; Schnoes, H.K.; Napoli, J.L.; Fivizzani, M.A.

    1982-01-01

    This invention relates to cyclo-vitamin intermediates of specified formula. They can be used, in particular, for preparing 26,27-isotopically labeled vitamin D 3 compounds of high specific activity. (author)

  14. Vitamin D Deficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... sunscreen or sun avoidance also lowers the skin’s production of vitamin D. There has been much confusion ... treatment can improve bone, body composition (how much lean muscle mass an individual has), and quality of life in ...

  15. Professional Papervision3D

    CERN Document Server

    Lively, Michael

    2010-01-01

    Professional Papervision3D describes how Papervision3D works and how real world applications are built, with a clear look at essential topics such as building websites and games, creating virtual tours, and Adobe's Flash 10. Readers learn important techniques through hands-on applications, and build on those skills as the book progresses. The companion website contains all code examples, video step-by-step explanations, and a collada repository.

  16. Reflectometry on D17

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cubitt, R [Institut Max von Laue - Paul Langevin (ILL), 38 - Grenoble (France)

    1997-04-01

    As part of the package of instrument upgrades planned over the next few years, D17 is based on a straightened cold neutron-guide and converted into a dedicated and versatile reflectometer. In the meantime, in order for ILL to become as fully involved as possible in this growing area of activity, the current D17 has been optimised for reflectometry. Results of this project are presented. (author).

  17. Harmonic d-tensors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hohmann, Manuel [Physikalisches Institut, Universitaet Tartu (Estonia)

    2016-07-01

    Tensor harmonics are a useful mathematical tool for finding solutions to differential equations which transform under a particular representation of the rotation group SO(3). In order to make use of this tool also in the setting of Finsler geometry, where the objects of relevance are d-tensors instead of tensors, we construct a set of d-tensor harmonics for both SO(3) and SO(4) symmetries and show how these can be used for calculations in Finsler geometry and gravity.

  18. Pediatric Hypovitaminosis D

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafiu Ariganjoye MD, MBA, FAAP, FAIHQ, CPE, CHCQM

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Vitamin D, a secosteroid, is essential for the development and maintenance of healthy bone in both the adult and pediatric populations. Low level of 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-(OH-D is highly prevalent in children worldwide and has been linked to various adverse health outcomes including rickets, osteomalacia, osteomalacic myopathy, sarcopenia, and weakness, growth retardation, hypocalcemia, seizure and tetany, autism, cardiovascular diseases, diabetes mellitus, cancers (prostate, colon, breast, infectious diseases (viral, tuberculosis, and autoimmune diseases, such as multiple sclerosis and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis. Risk factors for hypovitaminosis D are people with darker skin pigmentation, use of sunscreen, insufficient ultraviolet B exposure, prematurity, living in northern latitudes, malnutrition, obesity, exclusive breastfeeding, low maternal vitamin D level, certain medications, drinking unfortified cow’s milk, liver failure, chronic renal insufficiency, cystic fibrosis, asthma, and sickle cell hemoglobinopathy. This review highlights and summarizes the molecular perspectives of vitamin D deficiency and its potential adverse health outcomes in pediatric age groups. The recommended treatment regimen is beyond the scope of this review.

  19. Observation of the Radiative Decay D*+→D

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bartelt, J.; Csorna, S.E.; Jain, V.; McLean, K.W.; Marka, S.; Godang, R.; Kinoshita, K.; Lai, I.C.; Pomianowski, P.; Bonvicini, G.; Cinabro, D.; Greene, R.; Perera, L.P.; Zhou, G.J.; Barish, B.; Chadha, M.; Chan, S.; Eigen, G.; Miller, J.S.; OGrady, C.; Schmidtler, M.; Urheim, J.; Weinstein, A.J.; Wuerthwein, F.; Bliss, D.W.; Masek, G.; Paar, H.P.; Prell, S.; Sharma, V.; Asner, D.M.; Gronberg, J.; Hill, T.S.; Lange, D.J.; Morrison, R.J.; Nelson, H.N.; Nelson, T.K.; Richman, J.D.; Roberts, D.; Ryd, A.; Witherell, M.S.; Balest, R.; Behrens, B.H.; Ford, W.T.; Gritsan, A.; Park, H.; Roy, J.; Smith, J.G.; Alexander, J.P.; Bebek, C.; Berger, B.E.; Berkelman, K.; Bloom, K.; Boisvert, V.; Cassel, D.G.; Cho, H.A.; Crowcroft, D.S.; Dickson, M.; Dombrowski, S. von; Drell, P.S.; Ecklund, K.M.; Ehrlich, R.; Foland, A.D.; Gaidarev, P.; Gibbons, L.; Gittelman, B.; Gray, S.W.; Hartill, D.L.; Heltsley, B.K.; Hopman, P.I.; Kandaswamy, J.; Kim, P.C.; Kreinick, D.L.; Lee, T.; Liu, Y.; Mistry, N.B.; Ng, C.R.; Nordberg, E.; Ogg, M.; Patterson, J.R.; Peterson, D.; Riley, D.; Soffer, A.; Valant-Spaight, B.; Ward, C.; Athanas, M.; Avery, P.; Jones, C.D.; Lohner, M.; Prescott, C.; Yelton, J.; Zheng, J.; Brandenburg, G.; Briere, R.A.; Ershov, A.; Gao, Y.S.; Kim, D.Y.; Wilson, R.

    1998-01-01

    We have observed a signal for the decay D *+ →D + γ at a significance of 4standard deviations. From the measured branching ratio B(D *+ →D + γ) /B(D *+ →D + π 0 )=0.055±0.014±0.010 we find B(D *+ →D + γ) =0.017±0.004±0.003, where the first uncertainty is statistical and the second is systematic. We also report the highest precision determination of the remaining D *+ branching fractions. copyright 1998 The American Physical Society

  20. D and D TECHNOLOGIES FOR POLLUTION PREVENTION

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tripp, Julia L.

    2003-01-01

    A new Accelerated Site Technology Deployment (ASTD) project was awarded in FY 2002 to the Idaho National Engineering and Environmental Laboratory (INEEL) to deploy technologies that decrease pollution and waste in the areas of facility characterization, sludge treatment, dust and contamination control, and concrete demolition. This project was called ''D and D Technologies for Pollution Prevention'' and planned to deploy four different technologies. To reduce protective equipment requirements, waste generation, and risk of radiation exposure during facility characterization, the Russian Gamma Locater Device (GLD) and Isotopic Identification Device (IID) for remote characterization was investigated. The GLD detects gamma ray readings and video images remotely and uses radio communication to transmit the readings to personnel located a safe distance from the contaminated area. The IID, an integral part of the GLD, provides real-time spectrometric analysis of radiation sources for remotely identifying the specific radioactive isotopes present in the facility. At the INEEL, sludge has accumulated in the bottom of a fuel storage pool and the presence of heavy metals in the sludge makes it a mixed waste. This project planned to use LEADX(reg s ign) to treat sludge in place to effectively make all heavy metals in the sludge insoluble. LEADX(reg s ign) is a dry granular chemical additive (apatite) used for in-situ treatment of heavy-metal-contaminated material. LEADX(reg s ign) chemically bonds to any free heavy metals that it contacts and forms a stable, non-leachable molecule. After treating the sludge with LEADX(reg s ign), it was to be left in the basin and the pool filled with grout. The successful treatment of the sludge with LEADX(reg s ign) will reduce the amount of waste to be disposed at the burial ground by eliminating the need to remove the sludge from the basin. Many off-gas and duct systems being dismantled contain dust and lint that has been contaminated

  1. Subsidizing R&D cooperatives

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hinloopen, J.

    2001-01-01

    A framework is developed with which the implementation of two commonly used R&D-stimulating policies can be evaluated: providing R&D subsidies and sustaining the formation of R&D cooperatives. Subsidized R&D cooperatives can also be analyzed. The analysis shows that providing R&D subsidies is more

  2. Drug: D04470 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D04470 Mixture ... Drug Dilute iodine tincture (JP17); Dilute iodine tincture (TN) I...odine [DR:D00108], Potassium iodine [DR:D01016], (70 percent Alcohol [DR:D00068] | Isopropanol [DR:D00137] |

  3. Drug: D04875 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D04875 Mixture ... Drug Zinc sulfate - iodine - sodium iodine - glycerin mixt; Neogl...ycerol (TN) Zinc sulfate [DR:D01081], Iodine [DR:D00108], Sodium iodine [DR:D04874], Glycerin [DR:D00028] ... Therapeutic category: 2790 ... PubChem: 17398205 ...

  4. D+D thermonuclear fusion reactions with polarized particles

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kozma, P.

    1986-01-01

    Polarization measurements from the 2 H(d, n) 3 He and 2 H(d, p) 3 H thermonuclear reactions at deuteron energies below 1 MeV are anayzed. Results of analysis enable to discuss the existence of 4 He excited states in the vicinity of d+d threshold energy as well as to extrapolate total cross-sections σ tot (d+d) into the region of very low energies

  5. Sintering of Synroc D

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Robinson, G.

    1982-01-01

    Sintering has been investigated as a method for the mineralization and densification of high-level nuclear defense waste powder. Studies have been conducted on Synroc D composite powder LS04. Optimal densification has been found to be highly dependent on the characteristics of the starting material. Powder subjected to milling, which was believed to reduce the level of agglomeration and possibly particle size, was found to densify better than powder not subjected to this milling. Densities of greater than 95% of theoretical could be achieved for samples sintered at 1150 to 1200 0 C. Mineralogy was found to be as expected for Synroc D for samples sintered in a CO 2 /CO atmosphere where the Fe +2 /Fe +3 ratio was maintained at 1.0 to 5.75. In a more oxidizing, pure CO 2 atmosphere a new phase, not previously identified in Synroc D, was found

  6. Wearable 3D measurement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manabe, Yoshitsugu; Imura, Masataka; Tsuchiya, Masanobu; Yasumuro, Yoshihiro; Chihara, Kunihiro

    2003-01-01

    Wearable 3D measurement realizes to acquire 3D information of an objects or an environment using a wearable computer. Recently, we can send voice and sound as well as pictures by mobile phone in Japan. Moreover it will become easy to capture and send data of short movie by it. On the other hand, the computers become compact and high performance. And it can easy connect to Internet by wireless LAN. Near future, we can use the wearable computer always and everywhere. So we will be able to send the three-dimensional data that is measured by wearable computer as a next new data. This paper proposes the measurement method and system of three-dimensional data of an object with the using of wearable computer. This method uses slit light projection for 3D measurement and user"s motion instead of scanning system.

  7. 3D Digital Modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hundebøl, Jesper

    wave of new building information modelling tools demands further investigation, not least because of industry representatives' somewhat coarse parlance: Now the word is spreading -3D digital modelling is nothing less than a revolution, a shift of paradigm, a new alphabet... Research qeustions. Based...... on empirical probes (interviews, observations, written inscriptions) within the Danish construction industry this paper explores the organizational and managerial dynamics of 3D Digital Modelling. The paper intends to - Illustrate how the network of (non-)human actors engaged in the promotion (and arrest) of 3...... important to appreciate the analysis. Before turning to the presentation of preliminary findings and a discussion of 3D digital modelling, it begins, however, with an outline of industry specific ICT strategic issues. Paper type. Multi-site field study...

  8. INEL D ampersand D Long-Range Plan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Buckland, R.J.; Kenoyer, D.J.; Preussner, D.H.

    1993-10-01

    This Long-Range Plan presents the Decontamination and Decommissioning (D ampersand D) Program planning status for facilities at the Idaho National Engineering Laboratory (INEL). The plan provides a general description of the D ampersand D Program objectives, management criteria, and philosophy; discusses current activities; and documents the INEL D ampersand D Program cost and schedule estimate projections for the next 15 years. appendices are included that provide INEL D ampersand D project historical information and a comprehensive descriptive summary of each current surplus facility

  9. Helical-D pinch

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schaffer, M.J.

    1997-08-01

    A stabilized pinch configuration is described, consisting of a D-shaped plasma cross section wrapped tightly around a guiding axis. The open-quotes helical-Dclose quotes geometry produces a very large axial (toroidal) transform of magnetic line direction that reverses the pitch of the magnetic lines without the need of azimuthal (poloidal) plasma current. Thus, there is no need of a open-quotes dynamoclose quotes process and its associated fluctuations. The resulting configuration has the high magnetic shear and pitch reversal of the reversed field pinch (RFP). (Pitch = P = qR, where R = major radius). A helical-D pinch might demonstrate good confinement at q << 1

  10. 3D ARCHITECTURAL VIDEOMAPPING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Catanese

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available 3D architectural mapping is a video projection technique that can be done with a survey of a chosen building in order to realize a perfect correspondence between its shapes and the images in projection. As a performative kind of audiovisual artifact, the real event of the 3D mapping is a combination of a registered video animation file with a real architecture. This new kind of visual art is becoming very popular and its big audience success testifies new expressive chances in the field of urban design. My case study has been experienced in Pisa for the Luminara feast in 2012.

  11. Interaktiv 3D design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villaume, René Domine; Ørstrup, Finn Rude

    2002-01-01

    Projektet undersøger potentialet for interaktiv 3D design via Internettet. Arkitekt Jørn Utzons projekt til Espansiva blev udviklet som et byggesystem med det mål, at kunne skabe mangfoldige planmuligheder og mangfoldige facade- og rumudformninger. Systemets bygningskomponenter er digitaliseret som...... 3D elementer og gjort tilgængelige. Via Internettet er det nu muligt at sammenstille og afprøve en uendelig  række bygningstyper som  systemet blev tænkt og udviklet til....

  12. 3D Projection Installations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Halskov, Kim; Johansen, Stine Liv; Bach Mikkelsen, Michelle

    2014-01-01

    Three-dimensional projection installations are particular kinds of augmented spaces in which a digital 3-D model is projected onto a physical three-dimensional object, thereby fusing the digital content and the physical object. Based on interaction design research and media studies, this article ...... Fingerplan to Loop City, is a 3-D projection installation presenting the history and future of city planning for the Copenhagen area in Denmark. The installation was presented as part of the 12th Architecture Biennale in Venice in 2010....

  13. Herramientas SIG 3D

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco R. Feito Higueruela

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Applications of Geographical Information Systems on several Archeology fields have been increasing during the last years. Recent avances in these technologies make possible to work with more realistic 3D models. In this paper we introduce a new paradigm for this system, the GIS Thetrahedron, in which we define the fundamental elements of GIS, in order to provide a better understanding of their capabilities. At the same time the basic 3D characteristics of some comercial and open source software are described, as well as the application to some samples on archeological researchs

  14. Cathepsin D inhibitors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Gacko

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Inhibitors of cathepsin D belong to chemical compounds that estrify carboxyl groups of the Asp33 and Asp231residues of its catalytic site, penta-peptides containing statin, i.e. the amino acid similar in structure to the tetraedric indirectproduct, and polypeptides found in the spare organs of many plants and forming permanent noncovalent complexes withcathepsin. Cathepsin D activity is also inhibited by alpha2-macroglobulin and antibodies directed against this enzyme.Methods used to determine the activity and concentration of these inhibitors and their analytical, preparative and therapeuticapplications are discussed.

  15. Bootstrapping 3D fermions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iliesiu, Luca [Joseph Henry Laboratories, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Kos, Filip; Poland, David [Department of Physics, Yale University, New Haven, CT 06520 (United States); Pufu, Silviu S. [Joseph Henry Laboratories, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States); Simmons-Duffin, David [School of Natural Sciences, Institute for Advanced Study, Princeton, NJ 08540 (United States); Yacoby, Ran [Joseph Henry Laboratories, Princeton University, Princeton, NJ 08544 (United States)

    2016-03-17

    We study the conformal bootstrap for a 4-point function of fermions 〈ψψψψ〉 in 3D. We first introduce an embedding formalism for 3D spinors and compute the conformal blocks appearing in fermion 4-point functions. Using these results, we find general bounds on the dimensions of operators appearing in the ψ×ψ OPE, and also on the central charge C{sub T}. We observe features in our bounds that coincide with scaling dimensions in the Gross-Neveu models at large N. We also speculate that other features could coincide with a fermionic CFT containing no relevant scalar operators.

  16. Comparison of preliminary D-T and ''catalyzed'' D-D system studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Usher, J.L.; Powell, J.R.; Fillo, J.A.; Lazareth, O.W.

    1976-01-01

    The purpose of the research currently underway is to provide technological and eventual economic comparison of a reference D-T reactor to a ''catalyzed'' D-D reactor. Two separate reactor designs are delineated and examined for this purpose. These systems include plasma parameters, blanket and shield configurations, magnetic coil configurations, and power conversion systems, including a divertor-direct convertor system for the D-D design. The initial conclusions reached are as follows: (a) no extraordinary requirements in the D-D reactor in the areas of blanket or magnet technology, (b) advantageous use of minimum activity blankets and shields, (c) increased overall efficiency via introduction of divertor-direct convertor subsystem in D-D design and (d) 65 percent increase in the toroidal radius of the D-D design compared to the D-T reference value

  17. Drug: D02065 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D02065 Mixture ... Drug Ampicillin sodium and sulbactam sodium for injection (JP17); Ampicillin sodium... - sulbactam sodium mixt; Unasyn-S (TN) Ampicillin sodium [DR:D02119], Sulbactam sodium [D

  18. Drug: D10849 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D10849 Mixture ... Drug Methoxy polyethylene glycol - epoetin beta mixt; Mircera (TN...) Polyethylene glycol monomethyl ester [DR:D05554], Epoetin beta [DR:D03232] ... ATC code: B03XA03 ... PubChem: 319902649 ...

  19. Drug: D08753 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D08753 Mixture ... Drug Bromelain - trypsin, crystallized mixt; Bromelains - trypsin..., crystallized mixt; Kimotab (TN) Bromelain [DR:D03162], Trypsin, crystallized [DR:D00056] ... PubChem: 96025436 ...

  20. Drug: D03960 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D03960 Mixture ... Drug Aspirin - dialuminate mixt; Aspirin - aluminum glycinate - m...agnesium carbonate mixt; Bufferin (TN) Aspirin [DR:D00109], Magnesium carbonate [DR:D01446], Dihydroxyalumin

  1. Drug: D08730 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D08730 Mixture ... Drug Glycol salicylate - nonanoic acid vanillylamide mixt; GS pla...ster H (TN) Glycol salicylate [DR:D01557], Nonanoic acid vanillylamide [DR:D08282] ... PubChem: 96025413 ...

  2. Drug: D04344 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D04344 Mixture ... Drug Azulene sulfonate sodium - sodium bicarbonate mixt; Hachiazu...le (TN) Sodium guaiazulene sulfonate [DR:D02706], Sodium bicarbonate [DR:D01203] ... Therapeutic category: 2260 ... PubChem: 17398065 ...

  3. Drug: D04402 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D04402 Mixture ... Drug Sodium bicarbonate - anhydrous monobasic sodium phosphate mi...xt; New Lecicarbon (TN) Sodium bicarbonate [DR:D01203], Anhydrous monobasic sodium phosphate [DR:D04400] ... Therapeutic category: 2359 ... PubChem: 17398094 ...

  4. Drug: D04391 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D04391 Mixture ... Drug Swertia and sodium bicarbonate powder (JP17); Swertia sodium bicarbonate... (TN) Swertia harb [DR:D04385], Sodium bicarbonate [DR:D01203] ... Therapeutic category: 2339 ... PubChem: 17398088 ...

  5. Vitamin D and Breast Cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Shao, Theresa; Klein, Paula; Grossbard, Michael L.

    2012-01-01

    Vitamin D metabolism and its mechanism of action, the current evidence on the relationship between vitamin D and breast cancer, and the optimal dosing of vitamin D for breast cancer prevention are summarized.

  6. Drug: D02682 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DG01941 ... Benzamide antipsychotic ... DG01478 ... Dopamine antagonist ... DG01474 ... Dopamine D2-receptor antagonist A... D02682 Drug Remoxipride (USAN) ... C16H23BrN2O3 D02682.gif ... Neuropsychiatric agent

  7. Drug: D10590 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D10590 Mixture ... Drug Norgestimate - ethinyl estradiol mixt Norgestimate [DR:D0520...9], Ethinylestradiol [DR:D00554] ... ATC code: G03AA11 ... Combination of estrogen and progestin ... PubChem: 254741552 ...

  8. Anti-D Antibodies in Pregnant D Variant Antigen Carriers Initially Typed as RhD.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lukacevic Krstic, Jelena; Dajak, Slavica; Bingulac-Popovic, Jasna; Dogic, Vesna; Mratinovic-Mikulandra, Jela

    2016-11-01

    To evaluate the incidence, the consequences, and the prevention strategy of anti-D alloimmunizations of D variant carriers in the obstetric population of Split-Dalmatia County, Croatia. RhD immunization events were evaluated retrospectively for the period between 1993 and 2012. Women were tested for RhD antigen and irregular antibodies. Those with anti-D antibody who were not serologically D- were genotyped for RHD. They were evaluated for their obstetric and transfusion history and their titer of anti-D. The neonates were evaluated for RhD status, direct antiglobulin test (DAT), hemoglobin and bilirubin levels, transfusion therapy as well as phototherapy and outcome. Out of 104,884 live births 102,982 women were tested for RhD antigen. Anti-D immunization occurred in 184 women which accounts for 0.9% of individuals at risk of anti-D formation. 181 cases occurred in women serologically typed as D-. Three women were partial D carriers (DVa n = 2, DNB n = 1), initially typed RhD+, and recognized as D variant carriers after the immunization occurred. Anti-D titer varied from 1:1 to 1:16. Six children were RhD+, four had positive DAT, and two underwent phototherapy. Anti-D immunization occurred in pregnant partial D carriers (DVa, DNB). RhD+ children had serologic markers of hemolytic disease of the fetus and newborn (HDFN), with no cases of severe HDFN.

  9. 2D-Driven 3D Object Detection in RGB-D Images

    KAUST Repository

    Lahoud, Jean; Ghanem, Bernard

    2017-01-01

    In this paper, we present a technique that places 3D bounding boxes around objects in an RGB-D scene. Our approach makes best use of the 2D information to quickly reduce the search space in 3D, benefiting from state-of-the-art 2D object detection

  10. Shaping 3-D boxes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Stenholt, Rasmus; Madsen, Claus B.

    2011-01-01

    Enabling users to shape 3-D boxes in immersive virtual environments is a non-trivial problem. In this paper, a new family of techniques for creating rectangular boxes of arbitrary position, orientation, and size is presented and evaluated. These new techniques are based solely on position data...

  11. 3D terrestrisk laserscanning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christoffersen, Morten Thoft

    2004-01-01

    Forfatteren til denne artikel er pr. juni 2004 påbegyndt et ph.d.-studie i terrestrisk laserscanning ved Aalborg Universitet, Institut for Samfundsudvikling og Planlægning. De næste 3 år skal derfor benyttes til forskning inden for dette fagfelt....

  12. Vann on 3D

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2006-01-01

    Aivar Habakukest, kes on 2005. aastast AS Balteco peadisainer. A. Habakukk AS Balteco tootegruppidest, tööstusdisainist. A. Habakuke projektid, objektid ja tööd. Ill.: värv. foto A. Habakukest, tema disainitud AS Balteco vann Metro

  13. Bruno D'Amicis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2008-01-01

    Bioloogist ja loodusemehest itaalia fotograafist Bruno D'Amicist, kes vaatamata oma noorusele (28), on võtnud ette suuri projekte - Berliini metropolis elutsevate loomade jäädvustamine, Kesk-Euroopa viimase metsiku mägismaa päästmine Slovakkias. Fotod, õigemini keskkonnaportreed on pärit seeriast "Intimate landscapes"

  14. Laurence D Hurst

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Laurence D Hurst. Articles written in Resonance – Journal of Science Education. Volume 2 Issue 6 June 1997 pp 68-78 General Article. Curious Sex Ratios and Cytoplasmic Genes Microbes Can Distort the Sex Ratio of Populations · Stephen J Freeland ...

  15. Document d'information

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    IDRC CRDI

    Des chercheurs de la Facultad Latinoamericana de Ciencias Sociales, au Costa Rica, examineront les raisons pour lesquelles des collectivités urbaines présentant des conditions d'exclusion sociale similaires affichent des degrés de violence différents. L'étude permettra de comparer six villes de tailles différentes du ...

  16. DoD ESI

    Science.gov (United States)

    awarded BPAs to DLT Solutions, LLC, EC America, Inc., and International Systems Marketing, Inc. for the Information Management, Microsoft Platform Management, Identity & Access Management, Endpoint Systems Management, Data Protection, Performance Monitoring and Support in support of the DoD mission.Click here for

  17. The 6D superswirl

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Parameswaran, S.L.; Tasinato, G.; Zavala, I.

    2006-01-01

    We present a novel supersymmetric solution to a nonlinear sigma model coupled to supergravity. The solution represents a static, supersymmetric, codimension-two object, which is different to the familiar cosmic strings. In particular, we consider 6D chiral gauged supergravity, whose spectrum contains a number of hypermultiplets. The scalar components of the hypermultiplet are charged under a gauge field, and supersymmetry implies that they experience a simple paraboloid-like (or 2D infinite well) potential, which is minimised when they vanish. Unlike conventional vortices, the energy density of our configuration is not localized to a string-like core. The solutions have two timelike singularities in the internal manifold, which provide the necessary boundary conditions to ensure that the scalars do not lie at the minimum of their potential. The 4D spacetime is flat, and the solution is a continuous deformation of the so-called 'rugby ball' solution, which has been studied in the context of the cosmological constant problem. It represents an unexpected class of supersymmetric solutions to the 6D theory, which have gravity, gauge fluxes and hyperscalars all active in the background

  18. 3D Wire 2015

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jordi, Moréton; F, Escribano; J. L., Farias

    This document is a general report on the implementation of gamification in 3D Wire 2015 event. As the second gamification experience in this event, we have delved deeply in the previous objectives (attracting public areas less frequented exhibition in previous years and enhance networking) and have...

  19. Dhar, Prof. D

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Fellowship; Associateship. Associate Profile. Period: 1983–1986. Dhar, Prof. D. Date of birth: 30 October 1951. Specialization: Statistical Physics Address during Associateship: Theoretical Physics Group, Tata Inst. of Fundamental Research, Homi Bhabha Road, Mumbai 400 005. YouTube; Twitter; Facebook; Blog ...

  20. Course d'Orientation

    CERN Multimedia

    Course d'Orientation

    2012-01-01

      Coupe de printemps La deuxième étape de la coupe de printemps organisée par le club d’orientation du CERN s’est déroulée le samedi 21 avril dans la forêt de Pougny-Challex. étant donné le temps très humide qui domine depuis début avril, les coureurs ne pouvaient trouver qu’un terrain gras et trempé, mais cela fait partie des défis de la course d’orientation. Le parcours technique long a été remporté par Yvan Balliot, CO Annecy en 51:18 devant Jean-Charles Baritaux en 56:21 et Bruno Barge, CO CERN en 59:39. La prochaine CO populaire se courra à Vulbens le samedi 28 avril. Les inscriptions et les départs se feront entre 13h et 15h. A noter les courses en mai : • Samedi 5 mai : Trelex • Samedi 12 mai : Chancy / Valleiry • Samedi 19 mai : Lausan...

  1. 3D Harmonic Echocardiography:

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M.M. Voormolen (Marco)

    2007-01-01

    textabstractThree dimensional (3D) echocardiography has recently developed from an experimental technique in the ’90 towards an imaging modality for the daily clinical practice. This dissertation describes the considerations, implementation, validation and clinical application of a unique

  2. Acquiring 3D scene information from 2D images

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Li, Ping

    2011-01-01

    In recent years, people are becoming increasingly acquainted with 3D technologies such as 3DTV, 3D movies and 3D virtual navigation of city environments in their daily life. Commercial 3D movies are now commonly available for consumers. Virtual navigation of our living environment as used on a

  3. 3-D Whole-Core Transport Calculation with 3D/2D Rotational Plane Slicing Method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoo, Han Jong; Cho, Nam Zin [Korea Advanced Institute of Science and Technology, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-10-15

    Use of the method of characteristics (MOC) is very popular due to its capability of heterogeneous geometry treatment and widely used for 2-D core calculation, but direct extension of MOC to 3-D core is not so attractive due to huge calculational cost. 2-D/1-D fusion method was very successful for 3-D calculation of current generation reactor types (highly heterogeneous in radial direction but piece-wise homogeneous in axial direction). In this paper, 2-D MOC concept is extended to 3-D core calculation with little modification of an existing 2-D MOC code. The key idea is to suppose 3-D geometry as a set of many 2-D planes like a phone-directory book. Dividing 3-D structure into a large number of 2-D planes and solving each plane with a simple 2-D SN transport method would give the solution of a 3-D structure. This method was developed independently at KAIST but it is found that this concept is similar with that of 'plane tracing' in the MCCG-3D code. The method developed was tested on the 3-D C5G7 OECD/NEA benchmark problem and compared with the 2-D/1-D fusion method. Results show that the proposed method is worth investigating further. A new approach to 3-D whole-core transport calculation is described and tested. By slicing 3-D structure along characteristic planes and solving each 2-D plane problem, we can get 3-D solution. The numerical test results indicate that the new method is comparable with the 2D/1D fusion method and outperforms other existing methods. But more fair comparison should be done in similar discretization level.

  4. D and D Knowledge Management Information Tool - 2012 - 12106

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Upadhyay, H.; Lagos, L.; Quintero, W.; Shoffner, P. [Applied Research Center, Florida International University, Miami. FL 33174 (United States); DeGregory, J. [Office of D and D and Facility Engineering, Environmental Management, Department of Energy (United States)

    2012-07-01

    Deactivation and decommissioning (D and D) work is a high priority activity across the Department of Energy (DOE) complex. Subject matter specialists (SMS) associated with the different ALARA (As-Low-As-Reasonably-Achievable) Centers, DOE sites, Energy Facility Contractors Group (EFCOG) and the D and D community have gained extensive knowledge and experience over the years in the cleanup of the legacy waste from the Manhattan Project. To prevent the D and D knowledge and expertise from being lost over time from the evolving and aging workforce, DOE and the Applied Research Center (ARC) at Florida International University (FIU) proposed to capture and maintain this valuable information in a universally available and easily usable system. D and D KM-IT provides single point access to all D and D related activities through its knowledge base. It is a community driven system. D and D KM-IT makes D and D knowledge available to the people who need it at the time they need it and in a readily usable format. It uses the World Wide Web as the primary source for content in addition to information collected from subject matter specialists and the D and D community. It brings information in real time through web based custom search processes and its dynamic knowledge repository. Future developments include developing a document library, providing D and D information access on mobile devices for the Technology module and Hotline, and coordinating multiple subject matter specialists to support the Hotline. The goal is to deploy a high-end sophisticated and secured system to serve as a single large knowledge base for all the D and D activities. The system consolidates a large amount of information available on the web and presents it to users in the simplest way possible. (authors)

  5. Sony D-Eight

    CERN Multimedia

    1987-01-01

    The 8mm backup format is a format for storing magnetic tape data used in computer systems, launched by Exabyte Corporation. It is also known as Data8, often abbreviated to D8 and writes D-Eight on some Sony brand media. The company was formed in order to take the 8 mm video format and make it suitable for data storage. They did this by building a mechanism and a reliable data format that used the common 8 mm video tape technology that was available at the time. This was the first form of helical scanning used commercially for data storage. The ribbon was made vertically and has a length of 112 meters. It was designed to withstand heat and high temperatures. It has been introduced in at CERN in 1994.

  6. α-d-Tagatopyranose

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francesco Punzo

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The title compound, C6H12O6, also known as d-Tagatose, occurs in its furanose and pyranose forms in solution, but only the α-pyranose form crystallizes out. In the crystal, the molecules form hydrogen bonded chains propagating in [100] linked by O—H...O interactions. Further O—H...O bonds cross-link the chains.

  7. Highlights from D0

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Madaras, R.J.

    1992-12-01

    The D0 Experiment is a new, large multipurpose experiment at the Tevatron Proton-Antiproton Collider at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. From the analysis of data taken during August--October, 1992, a selection of preliminary physics results will be given on inclusive jet production, direct photon production, the production and decay properties of the W and Z bosons, the search for the top quark in the dilepton and lepton + jets channels, B physics and searches for new particles

  8. ict4d french

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Cathy Egan

    FAÇONNER L'AVENIR. Le CRDI a été l'un des premiers organismes de développement à voir dans les technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC) un outil appré- ciable pour réduire la pauvreté, lutter contre le VIH/sida et favoriser la bonne gouvernance. En fait, dans certains pays — tels que la Mongolie ...

  9. Disgerminoma del ovario (D

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge Amorocho

    1949-05-01

    Full Text Available Hospital de San Juan de Dios. Pabellón Quirúrgico. Clínica Ginecológica. Servicio del Profesor Aparicio. Historia Clínica número 49-24. G. C. Edad: 36 años. Natural de Susa. Ingresó al Servicio el 28 de febrero de 1949. Antecedentes a Familiares: Sin importancia. b Patológicos: Sarampión, viruela y tos ferina en la infancia. c Quirúrgicos; No. d Traumáticos; Golpe fuerte en la rodilla izquierda hace 4 años, sin fractura. e Tóxicos: Sin importancia. f Obstétricos; Casada desde hace 12 años, vive con el marido y no ha tenido embarazos. Frigidez sexual. g Ginecológicos; Amenorrea primitiva. Su primera regla la tuvo a los 23 años de edad, ' mediante tratamiento especial, a base de estrógenos (distil-estil-gestrol de 0.005 gm. Posteriormente cada 60 días experimentaba malestar general y mediante la ingestión de 2 comprimidos diarios, durante 10 días, de dietil-estil-bestrol de 5 mg. le aparecía su regla que era amenálgica, hipomenorreica y de 4 días de duración. En la fase premenstrual, esto es, mis ntras estaba tornando los comprimidos, le molestaba un flujo blancuzco, claro e inodoro que le almidonaba la ropa; dicho flujo desaparecía tan pronto como venía la menstruación, lo mismo que los síntomas de malestar general.

  10. d-geometries revisited

    CERN Document Server

    Ceresole, Anna; Gnecchi, Alessandra; Marrani, Alessio

    2013-01-01

    We analyze some properties of the four dimensional supergravity theories which originate from five dimensions upon reduction. They generalize to N>2 extended supersymmetries the d-geometries with cubic prepotentials, familiar from N=2 special K\\"ahler geometry. We emphasize the role of a suitable parametrization of the scalar fields and the corresponding triangular symplectic basis. We also consider applications to the first order flow equations for non-BPS extremal black holes.

  11. 3D Surgical Simulation

    OpenAIRE

    Cevidanes, Lucia; Tucker, Scott; Styner, Martin; Kim, Hyungmin; Chapuis, Jonas; Reyes, Mauricio; Proffit, William; Turvey, Timothy; Jaskolka, Michael

    2010-01-01

    This paper discusses the development of methods for computer-aided jaw surgery. Computer-aided jaw surgery allows us to incorporate the high level of precision necessary for transferring virtual plans into the operating room. We also present a complete computer-aided surgery (CAS) system developed in close collaboration with surgeons. Surgery planning and simulation include construction of 3D surface models from Cone-beam CT (CBCT), dynamic cephalometry, semi-automatic mirroring, interactive ...

  12. Club d'orientation

    CERN Multimedia

    Club d'orientation

    2014-01-01

    Courses d’orientation ce printemps Le Club d’orientation du CERN vous invite à venir découvrir la course d’orientation et vous propose, en partenariat avec d’autres clubs de la région, une dizaine de courses populaires. Celles-ci ont lieu les samedis après-midi, elles sont ouvertes à tous, quel que soit le niveau, du débutant au sportif confirmé, en famille ou en individuel, en promenade ou en course. Si vous êtes débutant vous pouvez profiter d’une petite initiation offerte par l’organisateur avant de vous lancer sur un parcours. Divers types de parcours sont à votre choix lors de chaque épreuve: facile court (2-3 km), facile moyen (3-5 km), technique court (3-4 km), technique moyen (4-5 km) et technique long (5-7 km). Les dates à retenir sont les suivantes pour la coupe genevoise de printemps: Samedi 22 mars: Apples (...

  13. Course d'orientation

    CERN Multimedia

    Club d'orientation

    2010-01-01

    Après Vulbens, rendez-vous à La Rippe Un vrai premier mai pour accueillir la cinquième manche de la coupe genevoise dans les bois de Vulbens (Haute Savoie)! Temps humide et plus frais, bois verdoyant, muguet à profusion. Voilà pour le décor de cette course organisée pour le club du CERN. Côté parcours, les organisateurs avaient préparé, sur une nouvelle zone, cinq circuits relativement techniques. Il faut dire que le relief bien découpé s’y prêtait. Les concurrents - environ 120 – ont ainsi pu découvrir cette carte et rallié au plus vite la balise arrivée. Le plus rapide sur le technique long a été Yann Locatelli (EMHM Chamonix) membre de l’équipe de France militaire, sur le technique moyen, il s’agit de Jurg Niggli (O’Jura), un habitu&ea...

  14. Drug: D01212 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D01212 Drug Simfibrate (JAN/INN); Cholesolvin (TN) ... C23H26Cl2O6 D01212.gif ... Card...ibrates ATC code: C10AB06 ... Clofibrate derivative ... CAS: 14929-11-4 PubChem: 7848275 ChEBI: 32131 ChEMBL: CHEMBL2105435 LigandBox: D01212 NIKKAJI: J3.444D ...

  15. Drug: D08351 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D08351 Drug Phenformin (BAN) ... C10H15N5 D08351.gif ... Antidiabetic agent ... DG01685 ... ...Insulin sensitizer ... DG01684 ... Biguanide antidiabetic Cyp substrate ... DG01644 ... CYP2D6 substrate Unclassified ... ...DG02044 ... Hypoglycemics ... DG01684 ... Biguanide antidiabetic Same as: C07673 ATC code: A10BA01 Chemical group: D

  16. Drug: D02154 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D02154 Mixture ... Drug Aspirin - oxycodone hydrochloride - oxycodone terephthalate ...mixt; Percodan (TN) Oxycodone hydrochloride [DR:D00847], Oxycodone terephthalate [DR:D03783], Aspirin [DR:D00109] ... ATC code: N02AJ18 ... PubChem: 7849215 ...

  17. Drug: D03980 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available henacetin [DR:D00569], Caffeine [DR:D01453] ... ATC code: N02BB54 N02BE53 ... PubChem: 17397994 ... ...in - caffeine mixt; Saridon (TN) Isopropylantipyrine [DR:D01380], Allyl isopropyl acetyl urea [DR:D03975], P

  18. Vitamin D for older adults

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vaes, Anouk M.M.

    2017-01-01

    Vitamin D has been identified as an important factor in healthy aging and is receiving growing attention in clinical research. Vitamin D is a fat-soluble molecule, which is synthesized by hepatic and renal or extra-renal hydroxylation into the active hormone 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D (1,25(OH)2D).

  19. Drug: D10841 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D10841 Mixture ... Drug Alendronic acid - colecalciferol mixt; Adrovance (TN) (Alendron...ate sodium [DR:D00939] | Alendronic acid [DR:D07119]), Cholecalciferol [DR:D00188] ... ATC code: M05BB03 ... Osteoporosis, postmenopausal ... PubChem: 319902641 ...

  20. Vitamin D and bone health

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Holick, M.F.

    1996-01-01

    Vitamin D plays an essential role in maintaining a healthy mineralized skeleton for most land vertebrates including humans. Sunlight causes the photoproduction of vitamin D3 in the skin. Once formed, vitamin D3 is metabolized sequentially in the liver and kidney to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D. The major biological function of 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D is to keep the serum calcium and phosphorus concentrations within the normal range to maintain essential cellular functions and to promote mineralization of the skeleton. Most foods do not contain any vitamin D. Foods fortified with vitamin D have a variable amount present and cannot be depended on as a sole source of vitamin D nutrition. Exposure to sunlight provides most humans with their vitamin D requirement. Aging, sunscreen use and the change in the zenith angle of the sun can dramatically affect the cutaneous production of vitamin D3. Vitamin D insufficiency and vitamin D deficiency is now being recognized as a major cause of metabolic bone disease in the elderly. Vitamin D deficiency not only causes osteomalacia but can exacerbate osteoporosis. It is generally accepted that an increase in calcium intake to 1000-1500 mg/d along with an adequate source of vitamin D of at least 400 IU/d is important for maintaining good bone health

  1. Drug: D07352 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DG01884 ... Imidazole antiprotozoal ATC code: P01AB06 ... Nitroimidazole derivative ... CAS: 6506-37-2 PubChem: 51091689 ChEMBL: CHEMBL435966 LigandBox: D07352 NIKKAJI: J8.420D ... ... D07352 Drug Nimorazole (INN); Naxogin (TN) ... C9H14N4O3 D07352.gif ... Antiparasitic

  2. Drug: D05165 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D05165 Drug Nifursemizone (USAN/INN) ... C8H10N4O4 D05165.gif ... Antiparasitic ... DG01554 ... 5-Nitrofuran antiprot...ozoal ... CAS: 5579-89-5 PubChem: 47206889 ChEMBL: CHEMBL2106819 LigandBox: D05165 NIKKAJI: J8.000D ...

  3. Drug: D02995 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available H01653] ... Treatment of psychosis (dopamine/serotonin antagonist with antagonism to D1, D2, D3, and D4 and 5-...ptor antagonist Therapeutic category: 1179 ATC code: N05AH05 Chemical group: DG02427 Bipolar I disorder [DS:

  4. Drug: D07801 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D07801 Drug Dexamethasone phenylpropionate; Dexafort [veterinary] (TN) ... C31H37FO6 D07801...A:1551] CYP induction: CYP2D6 [HSA:1565] CAS: 1879-72-7 PubChem: 96024498 LigandBox: D07801 NIKKAJI: J199.699A ...

  5. Determination of the 3d34d and 3d35s configurations of Fe V

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Azarov, V.I.

    2001-01-01

    The analysis of the spectrum of four times ionized iron, Fe V, has led to the determination of the 3d 3 4d and 3d 3 5s configurations. From 975 classified lines in the region 645-1190 A we have established 123 of 168 theoretically possible 3d 3 4d levels and 26 of 38 possible 3d 3 5s levels. The estimated accuracy of values of energy levels of these two configurations is about 0.7 cm -1 and 1.0 cm -1 , respectively. The level structure of the system of the 3d 4 , 3d 3 4s, 3d 3 4d and 3d 3 5s configurations has been theoretically interpreted and the energy parameters have been determined by a least squares fit to the observed levels. A comparison of parameters in Cr III and Fe V ions is given. (orig.)

  6. Vitamin D-biofortified beef

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Duffy, Sarah K.; O'Doherty, John V.; Rajauria, Gaurav

    2018-01-01

    This study investigates dietary fortification of heifer feeds with cholecalciferol and ergocalciferol sources and effects on beef total vitamin D activity, vitamer, respective 25-hydroxymetabolite contents, and meat quality. Thirty heifers were allocated to one of three dietary treatments [(1......) basal diet + 4000 IU of vitamin D3 (Vit D3); (2) basal diet + 4000 IU of vitamin D2 (Vit D2); and (3) basal diet + 4000 IU of vitamin D2-enriched mushrooms (Mushroom D2)] for a 30 day pre-slaughter period. Supplementation of heifer diets with Vit D3 yielded higher (p ...) total vitamin D activity (by 38–56%; p vitamin D source, carcass characteristics, sensory and meat quality parameter were unaffected (p > 0.05) by the dietary...

  7. Vitamin D and muscle function.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawson-Hughes, Bess

    2017-10-01

    Muscle weakness is a hallmark of severe vitamin D deficiency, but the effect of milder vitamin D deficiency or insufficiency on muscle mass and performance and risk of falling is uncertain. In this presentation, I review the evidence that vitamin D influences muscle mass and performance, balance, and risk of falling in older adults. Special consideration is given to the impact of both the starting 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OH)D] level and the dose administered on the clinical response to supplemental vitamin D in older men and women. Based on available evidence, older adults with serum 25(OH)D levels vitamin D dose range of 800-1000 IU per day has been effective in many studies; lower doses have generally been ineffective and several doses above this range have increased the risk of falls. In conclusion, older adults with serum 25(OH)D levels vitamin D. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Reproductive endocrinology of vitamin D

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lorenzen, Mette; Boisen, Ida Marie; Mortensen, Li Juel

    2017-01-01

    Vitamin D is a versatile hormone with several functions beyond its well-established role in maintenance of skeletal health and calcium homeostasis. The effects of vitamin D are mediated by the vitamin D receptor, which is expressed together with the vitamin D metabolizing enzymes in the reproduct...... suffering from reproductive problems and abnormal endocrinology research addressing the role of vitamin D in reproductive endocrinology may be of clinical importance....

  9. Vitamin D supplementation, cord 25-hydroxyvitamin D and birth weight

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lykkedegn, Sine; Beck-Nielsen, Signe Sparre; Sorensen, Grith Lykke

    2017-01-01

    BACKGROUND & AIMS: Hypovitaminosis D, defined as serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (s-25(OH)D) ... the prevalence and the risk factors of cord vitamin D deficiency (s-25(OH)D D 25-50 nmol/L) and to evaluate the association between cord s-25(OH)D levels and neonatal outcomes (BW, PW and PW/BW ratio). METHODS: Women enrolled in Odense Child Cohort, a Danish observational...... prospective population-based cohort, who gave birth to singletons and donated a blood sample for s-25(OH)D measurements were included (n = 2082). RESULTS: The prevalence of cord vitamin D deficiency was 16.7% and 41.0% for insufficiency. White skin, winter season at birth, maternal supplementation dose of

  10. Topological wave functions and the 4D-5D lift

    OpenAIRE

    Gao, Peng; Pioline, Boris

    2008-01-01

    We revisit the holomorphic anomaly equations satisfied by the topological string amplitude from the perspective of the 4D-5D lift, in the context of ''magic'' N=2 supergravity theories. In particular, we interpret the Gopakumar-Vafa relation between 5D black hole degeneracies and the topological string amplitude as the result of a canonical transformation from 4D to 5D charges. Moreover we use the known Bekenstein-Hawking entropy of 5D black holes to constrain the asymptotic behavior of the t...

  11. 3D game environments create professional 3D game worlds

    CERN Document Server

    Ahearn, Luke

    2008-01-01

    The ultimate resource to help you create triple-A quality art for a variety of game worlds; 3D Game Environments offers detailed tutorials on creating 3D models, applying 2D art to 3D models, and clear concise advice on issues of efficiency and optimization for a 3D game engine. Using Photoshop and 3ds Max as his primary tools, Luke Ahearn explains how to create realistic textures from photo source and uses a variety of techniques to portray dynamic and believable game worlds.From a modern city to a steamy jungle, learn about the planning and technological considerations for 3D modelin

  12. Supersymmetric D2 anti-D2 Strings

    OpenAIRE

    Bak, Dongsu; Ohta, Nobuyoshi

    2001-01-01

    We consider the flat supersymmetric D2 and anti-D2 system, which follows from ordinary noncommutative D2 anti-D2 branes by turning on an appropriate worldvolume electric field describing dissolved fundamental strings. We study the strings stretched between D2 and anti-D2 branes and show explicitly that the would-be tachyonic states become massless. We compute the string spectrum and clarify the induced noncommutativity on the worldvolume. The results are compared with the matrix theory descri...

  13. Bioconversion of D-psicose to D-tagatose and D-talitol by Mucoraceae fungi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshihara, Kazutoshi; Shinohara, Yoshihiro; Hirotsu, Takahiro; Izumori, Ken

    2006-03-01

    Rhizopus oryzae MYA-2483, which cannot utilize D-psicose as a sole source of carbon, converted D-psicose to two other compounds. These compounds were identified by NMR and IR as D-tagatose and D-talitol. In this study, we describe for the first time the bioconversion of D-psicose to D-tagatose. Various strains of Mucoraceae fungi, to which R. oryzae MYA-2483 belongs, exhibited conversion activity similar to that of R. oryzae MYA-2483. There is the possibility that a considerable number of fungi belonging to Mucoraceae possess such D-psicose conversion activity.

  14. Tangible 3D Modelling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hejlesen, Aske K.; Ovesen, Nis

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents an experimental approach to teaching 3D modelling techniques in an Industrial Design programme. The approach includes the use of tangible free form models as tools for improving the overall learning. The paper is based on lecturer and student experiences obtained through...... facilitated discussions during the course as well as through a survey distributed to the participating students. The analysis of the experiences shows a mixed picture consisting of both benefits and limits to the experimental technique. A discussion about the applicability of the technique and about...

  15. PhD Dissertations

    OpenAIRE

    Redazione Reti Medievali (a cura di)

    2010-01-01

    Report of PhD Dissertations.Anna Airò La scrittura delle regole. Politica e istituzioni a Taranto nel Quattrocento, Tesi di dottorato di ricerca in Storia medievale, Università degli studi di Firenze, 2005 Pasquale Arfé La Clavis Physicae II (316-529) di Honorius Augustodunensis. Studio ed edizione critica, Tesi di dottorato in Storia della filosofia medievale, Università degli Studi di Napoli "L'Orientale", 2005 Alessandro Azzimonti Scrittura agiografica e strutture di potere nell'Italia c...

  16. D-vitamin, hjerte-kar-sygdom og død hos nyresyge patienter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Ditte; Brandi, Lisbet; Rasmussen, Knud

    2009-01-01

    mortality. Several possible mechanisms may explain how vitamin D can influence the development of cardiovascular disease. Clinical intervention studies are needed to clarify whether treatment with vitamin D decreases the risk of cardiovascular disease in chronic kidney disease. Udgivelsesdato: 2009-Dec-7......Chronic kidney disease is associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. Vitamin D deficiency is common in patients with chronic kidney disease. In epidemiological studies, vitamin D deficiency and absence of treatment with vitamin D is associated with increased cardiovascular...

  17. Evaluation of Residues of D.D.T and D.D.A in Fish Collected from Caspian Sea, Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Shokrzadeh lamuki

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Background: Pesticides are essential in modern agricultural practices but due to their biocide activity and potential risk to the consumer, the control of pesticide residues in foods is a growing source of concern for the general population. Extensive application of such agents as organochlorine pesticides in farmlands and contemporary agricultural industries has led to undesired environmental contamination and human health hazards. Thus, this study attempted to evaluate and analyze the residual values of the organochlorine insecticide D.D.T and its metabolite D.D.A in the four species of most consumed fish collected from the Caspian Sea. Methods: In this investigation, concentrations of residual values of D.D.T and D.D.A were quantitatively determined in the 4 species of fish sampled from 4 major fishing centers (Chalous and Babolsar cities and Khazar Abad and Miankaleh regions in Mazandaran province, Iran, using gas chromatography electron-capture detection (GC–ECD in 2008. Results: The results showed that the highest values of D.D.T were in Mugil auratns (0.033±0.008 mg/kg and Rutilus frisikutum (0.031±0.007 mg/kg fishes collected from Babolsar sampling center. Conclusion: Concentrations of D.D.T and D.D.A in the fish were found to be less than the standard permissible intake.

  18. Extraskeletal effects of vitamin D

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurizio Rossini

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available In the last years we observed an increasing number of publications about the vitamin D, due to its recognised therapeutic actions and to the widespread hypovitaminosis D. In addition to the well known skeletal benefits, vitamin D can have multiple effects on other tissues.Muscular apparatus: hypovitaminosis D is associated with myopathy, sarcopenia, muscular strength reduction and increased risk of falls. The vitamin D supplementation increases the muscle functionality indexes. Cardiovascular system: low levels of vitamin D are related to increased levels of cardiovascular risk factors, heart failure, stroke, and cardiovascular mortality, while a good vitamin D status is associated with a decreased incidence of cardiovascular diseases. Diabetes and metabolic syndrome: a good vitamin D status is related to a decreased incidence of type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome; a vitamin D supplementation in the early childhood reduces (nearly 30% the risk of having type 1 diabetes. Cancer: vitamin D deficit is associated with breast, colorectal cancer and melanoma relapses. Low and high levels of 25-hydroxy-vitamin D (25(OHD are related to a higher neoplastic mortality. Infectious diseases: hypovitaminosis D is associated with higher incidence of upper respiratory tract infections and worse interferon response in chronic hepatitis C. Vitamin D supplementation decreases the risk of having type A influence. Rheumatic diseases: in rheumatoid arthritis low serum levels of vitamin D metabolites are related to a higher disease activity, while a good vitamin D status is associated with a higher probability of remission or response to therapy and a lower degree of disability. Neurologic diseases: associations between vitamin D deficit and risk of multiple sclerosis, depression, cognitive deficits, and Parkinson’s disease have been reported.There is evidence of the extraskeletal effects of vitamin D, but most derive from observational studies: clinical trials

  19. Nuclear characteristics of D-D fusion reactor blankets

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nakashima, Hideki; Ohta, Masao

    1978-01-01

    Fusion reactors operating on deuterium (D-D) cycle are considered to be of long range interest for their freedom from tritium breeding in the blanket. The present paper discusses the various possibilities of D-D fusion reactor blanket designs mainly from the standpoint of the nuclear characteristics. Neutronic and photonic calculations are based on presently available data to provide a basis of the optimal blanket design in D-D fusion reactors. It is found that it appears desirable to design a blanket with blanket/shield (BS) concept in D-D fusion reactors. The BS concept is designed to obtain reasonable shielding characteristics for superconducting magnet (SCM) by using shielding materials in the compact blanket. This concept will open the possibility of compact radiation shield design based on assured technology, and offer the advantage from the system economics point of view. (auth.)

  20. Engineering aspects of a D-D commercial tokamak reactor

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Evans, K. Jr.; Baker, C.C.; Brooks, J.N.

    1981-01-01

    This paper presents some of the engineering aspects of WILDCAT, a conceptual design of a D-D tokamak, fusion reactor. This conceptual design has evolved from initial studies of D-D tokamak reactors, and is intended to be a study of a later-model, commerical fusion reactor in the same sense that STARFIRE was such a study for D-T fuel cycle. The major guidelines of the study have been to utilize as fully as possible the advantages of the D-D fuel cycle but to avoid unnecessary extrapolations of parameters from existing D-T designs, in particular STARFIRE. The paper consists of an overview of the reference design, a description of each of the major engineering systems (rf current drive, burn cycle, impurity control, first wall, blanket/shield, TF magnets, and tritium system, and a summary of conclusions)

  1. The D0 upgrade

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Tuts, P.M.

    1992-10-01

    The original D0 detector was proposed in 1983, with a focus on high P T physics using precision measurements of e's, μ's, jets, and missing E T . This detector, as of the summer of 1992, has started data taking at the Fermilab Collider. However, by 1995/6 the luminosity will reach 10 31 cm -2 sec -1 , and the minimum bunch spacing will drop to 396ns from the present 3.5μs (by the Main Injector era, luminosities will approach 10 32 cm -2 sec -1 and minimum bunch spacings may reach 132ns). These changes in the accelerator conditions force us to upgrade or replace a number of detector subsystems in order to meet these new demands. In addition, the upgrade offers us the opportunity to expand the physics horizons to include not only the all important high P T physics menu, but also the low P T physics that has become increasingly important. In this paper we describe the D0 detector upgrade

  2. Club d'orientation

    CERN Document Server

    Le Club d’Orientation du CERN

    2011-01-01

      Course d’orientation : Coupe Genevoise de printemps 2011 Nouvelle saison – nouveau programme Le Club d’Orientation du CERN, en partenariat avec d’autres clubs de la région, vous propose une dizaine de courses pour la coupe de printemps. Elles se dérouleront des deux cotés de la frontière franco-suisse, à savoir : Samedi 19 mars: Vidy/Dorigny (Vd) - Score Samedi 26 mars: Attalens (Vd) Samedi 2 avril: Vulbens (74) Samedi 9 avril: Challex (74) Samedi 16 avril: Vernand-Dessus (Vd) Samedi 7 mai: Trelex (Vd) Samedi 14 mai: Chancy/Valleiry (Ge/74) Samedi 21 mai: Prémanon (39) Samedi 28 mai : Semnoz (74) Samedi 18 juin: La Faucille (01) – Finale Ces courses populaires ont lieu le samedi après-midi, elles sont ouvertes à tous, quel que soit le niveau, du débutant au sportif confirmé...

  3. COURSE D'ORIENTATION

    CERN Multimedia

    Course d'Orientation

    2010-01-01

    Du Mont Mussy à Lamoura C’est au Mont Mussy près de Divonne que s’est déroulée la deuxième course comptant pour la coupe d’automne. Une bonne centaine de participants n’ont pas hésité à venir découvrir, sous un magnifique soleil, les 5 parcours proposés par la famille Williams/Hatzifotiadou. La plupart des participants ont couru en individuel, certains ont choisi de chercher les balises en famille. C’est un effet une possibilité qu’offrent nos courses d’orientation du samedi, à savoir que l’on peut pratiquer individuellement, en famille ou entre amis. Les résultats sur les 5 parcours sont les suivants : Technique long : Yannick Gagneret en 1.08:09, suivi par F. Janod en 1.09:41 et de Bruno Barge en 1.11:23. Technique moyen : Victoire pour Rémi...

  4. 6d Conformal matter

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zotto, Michele Del; Heckman, Jonathan J.; Tomasiello, Alessandro; Vafa, Cumrun

    2015-01-01

    A single M5-brane probing G, an ADE-type singularity, leads to a system which has G×G global symmetry and can be viewed as “bifundamental” (G,G) matter. For the A N series, this leads to the usual notion of bifundamental matter. For the other cases it corresponds to a strongly interacting (1,0) superconformal system in six dimensions. Similarly, an ADE singularity intersecting the Hořava-Witten wall leads to a superconformal matter system with E 8 ×G global symmetry. Using the F-theory realization of these theories, we elucidate the Coulomb/tensor branch of (G,G ′ ) conformal matter. This leads to the notion of fractionalization of an M5-brane on an ADE singularity as well as fractionalization of the intersection point of the ADE singularity with the Hořava-Witten wall. Partial Higgsing of these theories leads to new 6d SCFTs in the infrared, which we also characterize. This generalizes the class of (1,0) theories which can be perturbatively realized by suspended branes in IIA string theory. By reducing on a circle, we arrive at novel duals for 5d affine quiver theories. Introducing many M5-branes leads to large N gravity duals.

  5. PhD Dissertations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redazione Reti Medievali (a cura di

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Report of PhD dissertations. Andrea Brugnoli Una storia locale: l’organizzazione del territorio veronese nel medioevo: trasformazioni della realtà e schemi notarili (IX-metà XII secolo, Tesi di dottorato di ricerca in Scienze Storiche e Antropologiche (XXII ciclo, Università degli Studi di Verona, 2010   Luca Filangieri Famiglie e gruppi dirigenti a Genova (secoli XII-metà XIII, Tesi di dottorato di ricerca in Storia medievale (XXII ciclo, Università degli Studi di Firenze, 2010   Jakub Kujawi ski Wernakularna kolekcja historiograficzna z rękopisu francuskiego nr 688 z Biblioteki Narodowej w Paryżu. Studium źródłoznawcze (La raccolta dei volgarizzamenti delle opere storiografiche nel manoscritto francese 688 della Biblioteca Nazionale di Parigi, Tesi di dottorato, Università “Adam Mickiewicz”, Facoltà di Storia, Pozna, a.a. 2009/2010   Marta Longhi I signori “de Radicata”. Strategie di affermazione familiare e patrimoniale nel Piemonte dei secoli XII-XIV, Tesi di dottorato di ricerca in Istituzioni, Società, Religioni dal Tardo Antico alla fine del Medioevo (XX ciclo, Università di Torino, 2008

  6. Club d'orientation

    CERN Multimedia

    Le Club d’Orientation du CERN

    2011-01-01

    La première course d’orientation comptant pour la Coupe Genevoise de printemps a eu lieu près de Cossonay samedi 19 mars ; une bonne soixantaine de coureurs avaient fait le déplacement. Les vainqueurs sont : technique long, Domenico Lepori (Care Vevey) s’imposant d’une minute devant Yannick Gagneret (O’Jura) ; technique moyen, Jean-Rodolphe Knuchel (CO Lausanne-Jorat) devant Cédric Wehrle (CO CERN) ; technique court, Marie Droz (ANCO) ; facile moyen, Elia Martarelli devant Konstantinos Haider (CO CERN); facile court, Sarah Stuber (CO Lausanne-Jorat). Prochain rendez-vous à noter : samedi 26 mars dans la forêt d’Attalens (Canton de Vaud), parking au terrain de foot. Les inscriptions et départs de la course populaire se feront entre 13h et 15h. Pour ceux qui ne connaissent pas l’orientation, c’est l&am...

  7. 3D Surgical Simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cevidanes, Lucia; Tucker, Scott; Styner, Martin; Kim, Hyungmin; Chapuis, Jonas; Reyes, Mauricio; Proffit, William; Turvey, Timothy; Jaskolka, Michael

    2009-01-01

    This paper discusses the development of methods for computer-aided jaw surgery. Computer-aided jaw surgery allows us to incorporate the high level of precision necessary for transferring virtual plans into the operating room. We also present a complete computer-aided surgery (CAS) system developed in close collaboration with surgeons. Surgery planning and simulation include construction of 3D surface models from Cone-beam CT (CBCT), dynamic cephalometry, semi-automatic mirroring, interactive cutting of bone and bony segment repositioning. A virtual setup can be used to manufacture positioning splints for intra-operative guidance. The system provides further intra-operative assistance with the help of a computer display showing jaw positions and 3D positioning guides updated in real-time during the surgical procedure. The CAS system aids in dealing with complex cases with benefits for the patient, with surgical practice, and for orthodontic finishing. Advanced software tools for diagnosis and treatment planning allow preparation of detailed operative plans, osteotomy repositioning, bone reconstructions, surgical resident training and assessing the difficulties of the surgical procedures prior to the surgery. CAS has the potential to make the elaboration of the surgical plan a more flexible process, increase the level of detail and accuracy of the plan, yield higher operative precision and control, and enhance documentation of cases. Supported by NIDCR DE017727, and DE018962 PMID:20816308

  8. 3D for Graphic Designers

    CERN Document Server

    Connell, Ellery

    2011-01-01

    Helping graphic designers expand their 2D skills into the 3D space The trend in graphic design is towards 3D, with the demand for motion graphics, animation, photorealism, and interactivity rapidly increasing. And with the meteoric rise of iPads, smartphones, and other interactive devices, the design landscape is changing faster than ever.2D digital artists who need a quick and efficient way to join this brave new world will want 3D for Graphic Designers. Readers get hands-on basic training in working in the 3D space, including product design, industrial design and visualization, modeling, ani

  9. 3D printing for dummies

    CERN Document Server

    Hausman, Kalani Kirk

    2014-01-01

    Get started printing out 3D objects quickly and inexpensively! 3D printing is no longer just a figment of your imagination. This remarkable technology is coming to the masses with the growing availability of 3D printers. 3D printers create 3-dimensional layered models and they allow users to create prototypes that use multiple materials and colors.  This friendly-but-straightforward guide examines each type of 3D printing technology available today and gives artists, entrepreneurs, engineers, and hobbyists insight into the amazing things 3D printing has to offer. You'll discover methods for

  10. Vitamin D and pancreatic cancer

    OpenAIRE

    Stolzenberg-Solomon, Rachael Z.

    2008-01-01

    Sun exposure has been associated with lower death rates for pancreatic cancer in ecological studies. Skin exposure to solar ultra-violet B radiation induces cutaneous production of precursors to 25-hydroxy (OH) vitamin D (D) and is considered the primary contributor to vitamin D status in most populations. Pancreatic islet and duct cells express 25-(OH) D3-1α-hydroxylase that generates the biologically active 1,25-dihydroxy(OH)2 D form. Thus, 25(OH)D concentrations could affect pancreatic fun...

  11. 3D Bayesian contextual classifiers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Rasmus

    2000-01-01

    We extend a series of multivariate Bayesian 2-D contextual classifiers to 3-D by specifying a simultaneous Gaussian distribution for the feature vectors as well as a prior distribution of the class variables of a pixel and its 6 nearest 3-D neighbours.......We extend a series of multivariate Bayesian 2-D contextual classifiers to 3-D by specifying a simultaneous Gaussian distribution for the feature vectors as well as a prior distribution of the class variables of a pixel and its 6 nearest 3-D neighbours....

  12. 3D Printing and 3D Bioprinting in Pediatrics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vijayavenkataraman, Sanjairaj; Fuh, Jerry Y H; Lu, Wen Feng

    2017-07-13

    Additive manufacturing, commonly referred to as 3D printing, is a technology that builds three-dimensional structures and components layer by layer. Bioprinting is the use of 3D printing technology to fabricate tissue constructs for regenerative medicine from cell-laden bio-inks. 3D printing and bioprinting have huge potential in revolutionizing the field of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. This paper reviews the application of 3D printing and bioprinting in the field of pediatrics.

  13. 3D Printing and 3D Bioprinting in Pediatrics

    OpenAIRE

    Vijayavenkataraman, Sanjairaj; Fuh, Jerry Y H; Lu, Wen Feng

    2017-01-01

    Additive manufacturing, commonly referred to as 3D printing, is a technology that builds three-dimensional structures and components layer by layer. Bioprinting is the use of 3D printing technology to fabricate tissue constructs for regenerative medicine from cell-laden bio-inks. 3D printing and bioprinting have huge potential in revolutionizing the field of tissue engineering and regenerative medicine. This paper reviews the application of 3D printing and bioprinting in the field of pediatrics.

  14. From 2D Lithography to 3D Patterning

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Zeijl, H.W.; Wei, J.; Shen, C.; Verhaar, T.M.; Sarro, P.M.

    2010-01-01

    Lithography as developed for IC device fabrication is a high volume high accuracy patterning technology with strong 2 dimensional (2D) characteristics. This 2D nature makes it a challenge to integrate this technology in a 3 dimensional (3D) manufacturing environment. This article addresses the

  15. 3D IBFV : Hardware-Accelerated 3D Flow Visualization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Telea, Alexandru; Wijk, Jarke J. van

    2003-01-01

    We present a hardware-accelerated method for visualizing 3D flow fields. The method is based on insertion, advection, and decay of dye. To this aim, we extend the texture-based IBFV technique for 2D flow visualization in two main directions. First, we decompose the 3D flow visualization problem in a

  16. 3D IBFV : hardware-accelerated 3D flow visualization

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Telea, A.C.; Wijk, van J.J.

    2003-01-01

    We present a hardware-accelerated method for visualizing 3D flow fields. The method is based on insertion, advection, and decay of dye. To this aim, we extend the texture-based IBFV technique presented by van Wijk (2001) for 2D flow visualization in two main directions. First, we decompose the 3D

  17. Cutting-edge characterization technologies for D and D

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bossart, S.J.; Kasper, K.M.

    1998-01-01

    The US Department of Energy's (DOE's) Office of Science and Technology (OST) has been developing and demonstrating technologies to improve methods used to characterize the presence and quantity of contaminants. As a part of OST, the Deactivation and Decommissioning (D and D) Focus Area has been developing and demonstrating innovative technologies for facility characterization to reduce costs associated with this important D and D activity. Characterization activities are an essential and substantial part of D and D. An initial scoping survey must be done to identify personnel hazards and to develop a decommissioning plan. Detailed characterization data must be collected to determine the type and magnitude of contaminants to begin decontamination and dismantlement activities. Surveys must be done during decontamination activities to determine the effectiveness of the decontamination efforts. A final status survey is required, and a confirmatory survey may also be required to document the end-state of a facility. These extensive characterization efforts contribute substantially to the overall cost of a D and D project. Through its Large-Scale Demonstration Program, the D and D Focus Area has been demonstrating many innovative technologies to improve D and D characterization processes. During the large-scale demonstration projects, innovative characterization technologies are evaluated alongside competing baseline technologies. Innovative technology summary reports are being generated on all of these technologies. When they are completed, they will be available through the DOE Office of Science and Technology's Homepage at http://em-52.em.doe.gov/idf/ost/pubs.htm

  18. 2D-Driven 3D Object Detection in RGB-D Images

    KAUST Repository

    Lahoud, Jean

    2017-12-25

    In this paper, we present a technique that places 3D bounding boxes around objects in an RGB-D scene. Our approach makes best use of the 2D information to quickly reduce the search space in 3D, benefiting from state-of-the-art 2D object detection techniques. We then use the 3D information to orient, place, and score bounding boxes around objects. We independently estimate the orientation for every object, using previous techniques that utilize normal information. Object locations and sizes in 3D are learned using a multilayer perceptron (MLP). In the final step, we refine our detections based on object class relations within a scene. When compared to state-of-the-art detection methods that operate almost entirely in the sparse 3D domain, extensive experiments on the well-known SUN RGB-D dataset [29] show that our proposed method is much faster (4.1s per image) in detecting 3D objects in RGB-D images and performs better (3 mAP higher) than the state-of-the-art method that is 4.7 times slower and comparably to the method that is two orders of magnitude slower. This work hints at the idea that 2D-driven object detection in 3D should be further explored, especially in cases where the 3D input is sparse.

  19. Drug: D08772 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D08772 Mixture ... Drug Cefoperazone sodium and sulbactam sodium for injection (JP17); Sulbactam sodium... - cefoperazone sodium mixt; Sulperazon (TN) Sulbactam sodium [DR:D02223], Cefoperazone sodium

  20. [Vitamina D. A wonderful drug?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casado de Frías, Enrique

    2011-01-01

    During the last years vitamina D receptors have been found in a vast number of tissues and cell types. In paralel, the therapeutic utility of vitamina D has expanded to the prophylaxis of muscular, oncologic, cardiovascular and autoinmmune disorders.

  1. Drug: D03803 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D03803 Drug Lidorestat (USAN) ... C18H11F3N2O2S. H2O D03803.gif ... Antidiabetic agent... ... DG01882 ... Aldose reductase inhibitor ... Treatment of diabetic complications, including neuropathy, retinopa

  2. Drug: D04966 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D04966 Drug Metformin (USAN/INN) ... C4H11N5 D04966.gif ... Antidiabetic agent ... DG0168...5 ... Insulin sensitizer ... DG01684 ... Biguanide antidiabetic Unclassified ... DG02044 ... Hypoglycemics ... DG01684 ... Biguanide antidiabetic

  3. Drug: D00595 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D00595 Drug Buformin (USAN/INN) ... C6H15N5 D00595.gif ... Antidiabetic agent ... DG01685... ... Insulin sensitizer ... DG01684 ... Biguanide antidiabetic Unclassified ... DG02044 ... Hypoglycemics ... DG01684 ... Biguanide antidiabetic

  4. Drug: D00250 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available atric agent ... DG02030 ... Anesthetics ... DG01675 ... Local anesthetic ... DG01675 ... Local anesthetic Same as: C06866 ATC... D00250 Drug Capsaicin (JAN/USP); Zostrix (TN) ... C18H27NO3 D00250.gif ... Neuropsychi

  5. Drug: D08098 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D08098 Drug Ketamine (INN); Tekam (TN) ... C13H16ClNO D08098.gif ... Neuropsychiatric agent ... DG02030 ... Anestheti...cs ... DG02027 ... General anesthetics ... DG02027 ... General anesthetics ... DG01498 ... NMDA rece

  6. D and D knowledge management information tool - a web based system developed to share D and D knowledge worldwide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lagos, L.; Upadhyay, H.; Shoffner, P. [Applied Research Center, Florida International University, 10555 W. Flagler Street,EC2100, Miami, FL (United States)

    2013-07-01

    Deactivation and decommissioning (D and D) work is a high risk and technically challenging enterprise within the U.S. Department of Energy complex. During the past three decades, the DOE's Office of Environmental Management has been in charge of carrying out one of the largest environmental restoration efforts in the world: the cleanup of the Manhattan Project legacy. In today's corporate world, worker experiences and knowledge that have developed over time represent a valuable corporate asset. The ever-dynamic workplace, coupled with an aging workforce, presents corporations with the ongoing challenge of preserving work-related experiences and knowledge for cross-generational knowledge transfer to the future workforce [5]. To prevent the D and D knowledge base and expertise from being lost over time, the DOE and the Applied Research Center at Florida International University (FIU) have developed the web-based Knowledge Management Information Tool (KM-IT) to capture and maintain this valuable information in a universally available and easily accessible and usable system. The D and D KM-IT was developed in collaboration with DOE Headquarters (HQ), the Energy Facility Contractors Group (EFCOG), and the ALARA [as low as reasonably achievable] Centers at Savannah River Sites to preserve the D and D information generated and collected by the D and D community. This is an open secured system that can be accessed from https://www.dndkm.org over the web and through mobile devices at https://m.dndkm.org. This knowledge system serves as a centralized repository and provides a common interface for D and D-related activities. It also improves efficiency by reducing the need to rediscover knowledge and promotes the reuse of existing knowledge. It is a community-driven system that facilitates the gathering, analyzing, storing, and sharing of knowledge and information within the D and D community. It assists the DOE D and D community in identifying potential solutions

  7. Drug: D08804 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D08804 Mixture ... Drug Freeze-dried live attenuated measles-rubella combined vaccin...e; Mearubik (TN) Freeze-dried live attenuated measles vaccine [DR:D04866], Freeze-dried live attenuated rube

  8. Drug: D05286 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D05286 Drug Simple syrup (JP17); Syrup (NF); Simple syrup (TN) ... Therapeutic ...category: 7142 ... Simple syrup is solution of White soft sugar [DR:D00025] ... CAS: 68131-37-3 PubChem: 17398267 ...

  9. D and D knowledge management information tool - a web based system developed to share D and D knowledge worldwide

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lagos, L.; Upadhyay, H.; Shoffner, P.

    2013-01-01

    Deactivation and decommissioning (D and D) work is a high risk and technically challenging enterprise within the U.S. Department of Energy complex. During the past three decades, the DOE's Office of Environmental Management has been in charge of carrying out one of the largest environmental restoration efforts in the world: the cleanup of the Manhattan Project legacy. In today's corporate world, worker experiences and knowledge that have developed over time represent a valuable corporate asset. The ever-dynamic workplace, coupled with an aging workforce, presents corporations with the ongoing challenge of preserving work-related experiences and knowledge for cross-generational knowledge transfer to the future workforce [5]. To prevent the D and D knowledge base and expertise from being lost over time, the DOE and the Applied Research Center at Florida International University (FIU) have developed the web-based Knowledge Management Information Tool (KM-IT) to capture and maintain this valuable information in a universally available and easily accessible and usable system. The D and D KM-IT was developed in collaboration with DOE Headquarters (HQ), the Energy Facility Contractors Group (EFCOG), and the ALARA [as low as reasonably achievable] Centers at Savannah River Sites to preserve the D and D information generated and collected by the D and D community. This is an open secured system that can be accessed from https://www.dndkm.org over the web and through mobile devices at https://m.dndkm.org. This knowledge system serves as a centralized repository and provides a common interface for D and D-related activities. It also improves efficiency by reducing the need to rediscover knowledge and promotes the reuse of existing knowledge. It is a community-driven system that facilitates the gathering, analyzing, storing, and sharing of knowledge and information within the D and D community. It assists the DOE D and D community in identifying potential solutions

  10. DIII-D research operations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baker, D. (ed.)

    1993-05-01

    This report discusses the research on the following topics: DIII-D program overview; divertor and boundary research program; advanced tokamak studies; tokamak physics; operations; program development; support services; contribution to ITER physics R D; and collaborative efforts.

  11. Drug: D10296 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available TN) Ciprofloxacin hydrochloride [DR:D02216], Dexamethasone [DR:D00292] ... ATC code: S02CA06 ... Treatment of infections (acute otiti...s media, acute otitis externa) ... PubChem: 163312327 ...

  12. Drug: D08455 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available as: C18605 ... veterinary medicine Juvenile hormone mimic Larval growth inhibitor ... CAS: 95737-68-1 PubChem: ... D08455 Drug Pyriproxyfen; Cyclio [veterinary] (TN) ... C20H19NO3 D08455.gif ... Same

  13. Drug: D05817 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D05817 Drug Seletracetam (USAN/INN) ... C10H14F2N2O2 D05817.gif ... Neuropsychiatric agent ... DG02038 ... Piracetam... antiepileptics Chemical group: DG02506 ... Piracetam derivative Treatment of epilepsy

  14. 25-hydroxy vitamin D test

    Science.gov (United States)

    25-OH vitamin D test; Calcidiol; 25-hydroxycholecalciferol test ... follow any instructions for not eating before the test. ... This test is done to determine if you have too much or too little vitamin D in your blood.

  15. Treating P.A.D.

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Issue Past Issues Special Section Treating P.A.D. Past Issues / Summer 2008 Table of Contents For ... Illustration courtesy of NHLBI Treatment for P.A.D. is designed to reduce a patient's symptoms, prevent ...

  16. Advanced 3-D Ultrasound Imaging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Morten Fischer

    The main purpose of the PhD project was to develop methods that increase the 3-D ultrasound imaging quality available for the medical personnel in the clinic. Acquiring a 3-D volume gives the medical doctor the freedom to investigate the measured anatomy in any slice desirable after the scan has...... been completed. This allows for precise measurements of organs dimensions and makes the scan more operator independent. Real-time 3-D ultrasound imaging is still not as widespread in use in the clinics as 2-D imaging. A limiting factor has traditionally been the low image quality achievable using...... a channel limited 2-D transducer array and the conventional 3-D beamforming technique, Parallel Beamforming. The first part of the scientific contributions demonstrate that 3-D synthetic aperture imaging achieves a better image quality than the Parallel Beamforming technique. Data were obtained using both...

  17. Drug: D07948 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D07948 Drug Fenproporex hydrochloride; Feprorex (TN) ... C12H16N2. HCl D07948.gif ... Other ... DG01706 ... Antiobesi...ty ... DG01705 ... Anoretic ... DG01704 ... Phenethylamine anorexic Chemical group: DG01536

  18. Drug: D07508 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D07508 Drug Benfluorex hydrochloride; Mediator (TN) ... C19H20F3NO2. HCl D07508.gif ... Other ... DG01706 ... Antiobe...sity ... DG01705 ... Anoretic ... DG01704 ... Phenethylamine anorexic Unclassified ... DG02044

  19. Drug: D07623 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 01942 ... Iminobenzyl antipsychotic Chemical group: DG01312 ... Tricyclic antidepressant, Iminodibenzyl derivativ... D07623 Drug Carpipramine (INN) ... C28H38N4O D07623.gif ... Neuropsychiatric agent ... DG

  20. Drug: D02758 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D02758 Drug Acolbifene hydrochloride (USAN) ... C29H31NO4. HCl D02758.gif ... Other ... DG01619 ... Clomifene and tam...oxifen derivative ... DG01620 ... Tamoxifene-type antineoplastic ... Selective estrogen r

  1. Drug: D06551 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D06551 Drug Afimoxifene (USAN/INN); Tamogel (TN) ... C26H29NO2 D06551.gif ... Other ... DG01619 ... Clomifene and tam...oxifen derivative ... DG01620 ... Tamoxifene-type antineoplastic ... Selective estrogen r

  2. Drug: D07282 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D07282 Drug Alfaxalone (INN) ... C21H32O3 D07282.gif ... Neuropsychiatric agent ... DG02030 ... Anesthetics... ... DG02027 ... General anesthetics ... DG02027 ... General anesthetics ATC code: N01AX05 ... Steroid ...

  3. Drug: D00123 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D00123 Drug Cyanamide (JP17); Cyanamide (TN) ... CH2N2 D00123.gif ... Other ... DG01718 ... Drugs... for addictive disorder ... DG01716 ... Drugs for alcohol dependence Same as: C01566 Therapeutic category: 3

  4. Drug: D05522 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D05522 Drug Pixantrone (USAN/INN); Pixuvri (TN) ... C17H19N5O2 D05522.gif ... Antineoplastic ... DG01727 ... Anthraqu...inone antineoplastic Other ... DG01529 ... Topoisomerase inhibitor ... DG01527 ... Topoisomera

  5. Drug: D08224 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D08224 Drug Mitoxantrone (INN); Misostol (TN) ... C22H28N4O6 D08224.gif ... Antineoplastic ... DG01727 ... Anthraquin...one antineoplastic Other ... DG01529 ... Topoisomerase inhibitor ... DG01527 ... Topoisomerase

  6. Drug: D07613 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D07613 Drug Carbaryl (BAN); Carbaril; Flea and tick powder [veterinary] (TN) ... C12H...11NO2 D07613.gif ... Same as: C07491 ... carbamate insecticide cholinesterase inhibitor veterinary medicine ...

  7. DIII-D research operations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Baker, D.

    1993-05-01

    This report discusses the research on the following topics: DIII-D program overview; divertor and boundary research program; advanced tokamak studies; tokamak physics; operations; program development; support services; contribution to ITER physics R ampersand D; and collaborative efforts

  8. Drug: D00330 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D00330 Drug Flurbiprofen (JP17/USP/INN); Ansaid (TN) ... C15H13FO2 D00330.gif ... Anti...-inflammatory ... DG01908 ... Antiinflammatory drug, propionic acid derivatives ... DG01504 ... Nonsteroidal antiinflammatory drug (NSAI

  9. Vitamin D and respiratory disorder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahnaz Hushmand

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The active form of vitamin D is synthesized in some body organs following sun exposure and dietary intake. Vitamin D exhibits its major and critical effects not only through regulation of calcium and phosphate metabolism but also by influencing on respiratory and immune system. Serum concentrations of 25-hydroxyvitamin D below the optimum limit lead to vitamin D insufficiency or maybe deficiency. These inappropriate concentrations of vitamin D lead to different types of pulmonary diseases such as viral and bacterial respiratory infection, asthma, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, and cancer. In this review we described the association between vitamin D deficiency and severe therapy resistant asthma. We also reviewed the underlying molecular mechanism of vitamin D deficiency in children with severe- therapy resistant asthma. Based on current information, future clinical trial are needed to study the role of vitamin D supplementation on different groups of patients with severe asthma including infants, children of school age, and ethnic minorities.

  10. Hipervitaminose D em animais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo V. Peixoto

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Por meio de revisão da literatura, são apresentados dados referentes ao metabolismo da vitamina D, bem como aos principais aspectos toxicológicos, clínicos, bioquímicos, macroscópicos, microscópicos, ultraestruturais, imuno-histoquímicos e radiográficos de animais intoxicados natural e experimentalmente por essa vitamina, em diferentes espécies. Este estudo objetiva demonstrar a existência de muitas lacunas no conhecimento sobre mineralização fisiológica e patológica, em especial na mediação hormonal do fenômeno, bem como alertar para os riscos de ocorrência dessa intoxicação.

  11. D0 calorimeter electronics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schamberger, R.D.

    1991-01-01

    A detailed description of the electronics used to readout the signals from the D0 Uranium-Liquid Argon Calorimeter is presented. The three major components of the readout system are the charge sensitive preamps, the shaping and sample and hold circuits, and the Analog to Digital converters. The very low noise preamps achieve an input noise equivalent to 2000e's + 3000e's per nanofarad of input capacitance. The coherent noise in the system is very low, less than 1/20 of an ADC count which is equivalent to about 200 KeV of energy incident on the detector. The ADC system contains a 12 bit, 5 μsecond successive approximation digitizer. We maintain a 15 bit dynamic range by automatically amplifying small signals after they are held, but before digitization. The ADC also contains pedestal and limit memory, to allow (on a channel by channel basis) offset subtraction, and suppression of small signals, symmetrically around zero signal. (orig.)

  12. 3D Volume Rendering and 3D Printing (Additive Manufacturing).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katkar, Rujuta A; Taft, Robert M; Grant, Gerald T

    2018-07-01

    Three-dimensional (3D) volume-rendered images allow 3D insight into the anatomy, facilitating surgical treatment planning and teaching. 3D printing, additive manufacturing, and rapid prototyping techniques are being used with satisfactory accuracy, mostly for diagnosis and surgical planning, followed by direct manufacture of implantable devices. The major limitation is the time and money spent generating 3D objects. Printer type, material, and build thickness are known to influence the accuracy of printed models. In implant dentistry, the use of 3D-printed surgical guides is strongly recommended to facilitate planning and reduce risk of operative complications. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  13. evaluation d'alternatives d'economie d'eau dans les systemes de ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    tic s of s o ils a nd the cu ltu ra l c alen d ar o f th e. O ffice d u. N ig e r. Site arro se ur/. Effic ie n c e. Bes oins. Nets. Bes oins. Nets. Bes oins bru ts. Bes oins bru ts. Débit fictif con tinu de. Débit fic tif c on tin u de. (type so l) du ré se au d'irriga tion en d. 'irrig ation en d. 'irrig ation en d'irriga tion en p ointe en. Hiverna ge po in.

  14. Drug: D03342 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D03342 Drug Camiglibose (USAN) ... (C13H25NO9)2. 3H2O D03342.gif ... Antidiabetic agen...t ... DG01663 ... alpha-Glucosidase inhibitor ... DG01803 ... Antidiabetic, alpha-glucosidase inhibitor Unclassified ... D...G02044 ... Hypoglycemics ... DG01803 ... Antidiabetic, alpha-glucosidase inhibitor ... CAS: 132438-21-2 PubChem: 17397492 LigandBox: D03342 ...

  15. 3D Face Apperance Model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lading, Brian; Larsen, Rasmus; Astrom, K

    2006-01-01

    We build a 3D face shape model, including inter- and intra-shape variations, derive the analytical Jacobian of its resulting 2D rendered image, and show example of its fitting performance with light, pose, id, expression and texture variations......We build a 3D face shape model, including inter- and intra-shape variations, derive the analytical Jacobian of its resulting 2D rendered image, and show example of its fitting performance with light, pose, id, expression and texture variations...

  16. Properties of the D mesons

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Feldman, G.J.

    1977-01-01

    A review is given of the nonleptonic decays of D mesons. Included are measurements of the psi(3772), the accurate determination of D masses and their consequences, and inclusive measurements and tagged events. It is noted that the distinction between the above designated events is that in the former one detects a D decay and ignores the remainder of the event, while in the tagged events a D decay is detected and also the remainder of the event is studied. 39 references

  17. Hyper vitaminosis D: are we overprescribing vitamin D?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R Hemachandar

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Vitamin D, the sunshine vitamin is now considered to be a hormone due to its important role in many physiological functions. Vitamin D deficiency has been associated with many disorders ranging from bone diseases, cardiovascular diseases to cancer. Hence, there is a recent surge in the empirical prescription of vitamin D for various disorders without documentation of vitamin D deficiency and monitoring the treatment. We report a case of iatrogenic hypercalcemia and acute kidney injury due to vitamin D toxicity after empirical and overzealous use of vitamin D and calcium supplements. We present this case to remind clinicians the importance of monitoring the patients treated with mega doses of vitamin D.

  18. Drug: D06600 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D06600 Drug Giripladib (USAN) ... C41H36ClF3N2O4S D06600.gif ... Treatment of pain and symptomatic manageme...nt of arthritis PLA2G4A [HSA:5321] [KO:K16342] ... CAS: 865200-20-0 PubChem: 47208251 ChEMBL: CHEMBL2104969 LigandBox: D06600 ...

  19. Drug: D03938 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D03938 Drug Ecopladib (USAN/INN) ... C39H33Cl3N2O5S D03938.gif ... Treatment of pain and symptomatic manage...ment of arthritis PLA2G4A [HSA:5321] [KO:K16342] ... CAS: 381683-92-7 PubChem: 47205926 ChEMBL: CHEMBL269787 LigandBox: D03938 ...

  20. Drug: D06562 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available gement of imminent pre-term birth ... CAS: 194785-31-4 PubChem: 47208218 ChEMBL: CHEMBL2218893 LigandBox: D06562 ... ... D06562 Drug Bedoradrine sulfate (USAN) ... (C24H32N2O5)2. H2SO4 D06562.gif ... Tocolytic for the acute mana

  1. Drug: D08678 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D08678 Drug Vincamine hydrochloride; Vadicate (TN) ... C21H26N2O3. HCl D08678.gif ... ... ATC code: C04AX07 Chemical group: DG00286 ... Vinca alkaloid ... CAS: 10592-03-7 PubChem: 96025361 LigandBox: D08678 NIKKAJI: J369.072E ...

  2. Drug: D04068 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D04068 Drug Estrazinol hydrobromide (USAN) ... C20H25NO2. HBr D04068.gif ... Other ... DG01584 ... Estr...ogen receptor agonist ... DG01986 ... Estrogen ... Estrogen ... CAS: 15179-97-2 PubChem: 47206025 ChEMBL: CHEMBL2106221 LigandBox: D04068 ...

  3. Drug: D07633 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D07633 Mixture ... Drug Chondroitin sulfate sodium - flavin adenine dinucleotide sodium... mixt; Chondroitin sulfate sodium - FAD sodium mixt; Mucofadin (TN); Mucotear (TN) Chondroitin sulfate sodium... [DR:D04078], Flavin adenine dinucleotide sodium [DR:D02011] ... Therapeutic category: 1319 ... PubChem: 96024455 ...

  4. Case study: Beauty and the Beast 3D: benefits of 3D viewing for 2D to 3D conversion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Handy Turner, Tara

    2010-02-01

    From the earliest stages of the Beauty and the Beast 3D conversion project, the advantages of accurate desk-side 3D viewing was evident. While designing and testing the 2D to 3D conversion process, the engineering team at Walt Disney Animation Studios proposed a 3D viewing configuration that not only allowed artists to "compose" stereoscopic 3D but also improved efficiency by allowing artists to instantly detect which image features were essential to the stereoscopic appeal of a shot and which features had minimal or even negative impact. At a time when few commercial 3D monitors were available and few software packages provided 3D desk-side output, the team designed their own prototype devices and collaborated with vendors to create a "3D composing" workstation. This paper outlines the display technologies explored, final choices made for Beauty and the Beast 3D, wish-lists for future development and a few rules of thumb for composing compelling 2D to 3D conversions.

  5. Drug: D01406 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D01406 Drug Tocopherol calcium succinate (JP17); Vitamin-E (TN) ... (C33H53O5)2. Ca D01406....gif ... ATC code: A11HA03 Chemical group: DG00129 ... CAS: 14638-18-7 PubChem: 7848469 ChEBI: 32238 LigandBox: D01406 ...

  6. Drug: D02406 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D02406 Drug Cefatrizine (USAN); CFT ... C18H18N6O5S2 D02406.gif ... Antibacterial ... DG0...m cephalosporin penicillin binding protein ... CAS: 51627-14-6 PubChem: 7849464 ChEBI: 131730 ChEMBL: CHEMBL1095284 LigandBox: D02406 NIKKAJI: J11.176G ...

  7. Drug: D05406 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D05406 Drug Penamecillin (USAN/INN) ... C19H22N2O6S D05406.gif ... Antibacterial ... DG01...PubChem: 47207081 ChEBI: 131733 ChEMBL: CHEMBL2106988 LigandBox: D05406 NIKKAJI: J7.208G ...

  8. Drug: D04069 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D04069 Drug Estrofurate (USAN/INN) ... C24H26O4 D04069.gif ... Other ... DG01986 ... Estroge...n ... Estrogen ... CAS: 10322-73-3 PubChem: 47206026 ChEMBL: CHEMBL2104224 LigandBox: D04069 NIKKAJI: J9.813B ...

  9. Drug: D07406 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D07406 Drug Pimethixene (INN); Calmixene (TN) ... C19H19NS D07406.gif ... Neuropsychia... ... CAS: 314-03-4 PubChem: 51091742 ChEMBL: CHEMBL152408 LigandBox: D07406 NIKKAJI: J11.609B ...

  10. Drug: D04103 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D04103 Drug Etoformin hydrochloride (USAN) ... C8H19N5. HCl D04103.gif ... Antidiabetic... agent ... DG01685 ... Insulin sensitizer ... DG01684 ... Biguanide antidiabetic Unclassified ... DG02044 ... Hypoglycemics ... ... DG01684 ... Biguanide antidiabetic ... Biganides ... CAS: 53597-26-5 PubChem: 47206055 ChEMBL: CHEMBL2106592 LigandBox: D04103 NIKKAJI: J244.891B ...

  11. Drug: D09404 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D09404 Drug Coleneuramide (USAN) ... C39H68N2O8 D09404.gif ... cholestane amide conjugate Treatment of diab...etic neuropathy ... CAS: 204200-47-5 PubChem: 96026084 ChEMBL: CHEMBL2105634 LigandBox: D09404 ...

  12. Drug: D08352 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D08352 Drug Phenformin hydrochloride; Debei (TN) ... C10H15N5. HCl D08352.gif ... Antidiabetic... agent ... DG01685 ... Insulin sensitizer ... DG01684 ... Biguanide antidiabetic Cyp substrate ... DG01644 ... CYP2D6... substrate Unclassified ... DG02044 ... Hypoglycemics ... DG01684 ... Biguanide antidiabetic ATC code: A10BA01 Chemical

  13. Drug: D03852 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available [DR:D00308], Fentanyl citrate [DR:D01399] C22H28N2O. C6H8O7. C22H22FN3O2 D03852.gif ... Neuropsychiatric agent ... DG02030 ... Anesthetic...s ... DG02027 ... General anesthetics ... DG02027 ... General anesthetics Cyp substrate ... DG01633

  14. Drug: D10009 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D10009 Drug Flurpiridaz F 18 (USAN) ... C18H22ClFN2O3 D10009.gif ... Flurpiridaz F... 18 binds to mitochondrial complex I and uses for tracer of PET (positron emission tomography). ... CAS: 863887-89-2 PubChem: 135626730 ChEMBL: CHEMBL2107799 LigandBox: D10009 ...

  15. Drug: D01000 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D01000 Drug Bethanechol chloride (JP17/USP); Urecholine (TN) ... C7H17N2O2. Cl D01000...31 K04132 K04133] ... CAS: 590-63-6 PubChem: 7848063 ChEBI: 3085 ChEMBL: CHEMBL1768 DrugBank: DB01019 LigandBox: D01000 NIKKAJI: J277.869F ...

  16. Drug: D10002 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D10002 Drug Florbetaben (18F) (JAN/INN); Neuraceq (TN) ... C21H26FNO3 D10002.gif ... ...ATC code: V09AX06 ... beta-Amyloid tracer Diagnosis of Alzheimer disease ... CAS: 902143-01-5 PubChem: 135626723 ChEBI: 79033 ChEMBL: CHEMBL566752 LigandBox: D10002 ...

  17. Drug: D10004 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D10004 Drug Emricasan (USAN/INN) ... C26H27F4N3O7 D10004.gif ... Prevention of fib...rosis and inflammation in chronic liver disease CASP1 [HSA:834] [KO:K01370] ... CAS: 254750-02-2 PubChem: 135626725 ChEMBL: CHEMBL197672 LigandBox: D10004 ...

  18. Drug: D10005 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D10005 Drug Ensulizole (USP/INN); Phenylbenzimidazole sulfonic acid ... C13H10N2O3S D1000...5.gif ... CAS: 27503-81-7 PubChem: 135626726 ChEMBL: CHEMBL1987518 LigandBox: D10005 ...

  19. Drug: D10006 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D10006 Drug Eplivanserin (USAN/INN) ... C19H21FN2O2 D10006.gif ... Treatment of in...somnia HTR2A [HSA:3356] [KO:K04157] ... CAS: 130579-75-8 PubChem: 135626727 ChEMBL: CHEMBL257704 LigandBox: D10006 ...

  20. Drug: D02491 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available imony compound Treatment of cutaneous leishmaniasis ... CAS: 133-51-7 PubChem: 17396668 LigandBox: D02491 NIKKAJI: J778.748K ... ... D02491 Drug Meglumine antimonate; Glucantime (TN) ... C7H17NO5. SbO3. H D02491.gif ... ATC code: P01CB01 ... Ant

  1. Drug: D05922 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available .gif ... Control of hyperbilirubinemia in preterm and term newborns (inhibitor of bilirubin [CPD:C00486]) ... CAS: 106344-20-1 PubChem: 47207580 LigandBox: D05922 ... ... D05922 Drug Stannsoporfin (USAN/INN); Stanate (TN) ... C34H34N4O4. Sn. 2Cl. 2H D05922

  2. The Future Is 3D

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carter, Luke

    2015-01-01

    3D printers are a way of producing a 3D model of an item from a digital file. The model builds up in successive layers of material placed by the printer controlled by the information in the computer file. In this article the author argues that 3D printers are one of the greatest technological advances of recent times. He discusses practical uses…

  3. Vitamin D and Disease Prevention

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... D include these, among many others: • Some cancers • Heart disease • Diabetes (high blood sugar) • Obesity • Muscle weakness However, it is not clear if ... vitamin D can become “trapped” in body fat, obesity may cause low vitamin D. People ... heart disease, and stroke.) These diseases are even more likely ...

  4. Drug: D10527 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D10527 Mixture ... Drug Aspirin - lansoprazole mixt; Acetylsalicylic acid - lansopra...zole mixt; Takelda (TN) Aspirin [DR:D00109], Lansoprazole [DR:D00355] ... Therapeutic category: 3399 ATC code: B01AC56 ... PubChem: 254741489 ...

  5. Drug: D00933 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D00933 Drug Calcium citrate (USP); Calcium citrate tetrahydrate; Citracal (TN) ... (C...6H5O7)2. 3Ca. 4H2O D00933.gif ... Other ... DG01980 ... Calcium ATC code: A12AA13 ... CAS: 5785-44-4 PubChem: 7847996 LigandBox: D00933 ...

  6. Drug: D05540 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D05540 Drug Poliglecaprone 25 (USAN); Poliglecaprone 90 (USAN); Poliglecaprone (IN...N) ... (C4H4O4)n. (C6H10O2)m D05540.gif ... Poliglecaprone 25: n=3m Poliglecaprone 90: n=9m ... CAS: 41706-81-4 PubChem: 47207205 LigandBox: D05540 ...

  7. Drug: D10570 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D10570 Mixture ... Drug Insulin degludec (genetical recombination) - insulin aspart (genetical recombination...) mixt; Ryzodeg (TN) Insulin degludec (genetical recombination) [DR:D09727], Insulin aspart (genetical recomb...ination) [DR:D04475] ... Therapeutic category: 2492 ATC code: A10AD06 ... PubChem: 254741532 ...

  8. Acute D2/D3 dopaminergic agonism but chronic D2/D3 antagonism prevents NMDA antagonist neurotoxicity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farber, Nuri B; Nemmers, Brian; Noguchi, Kevin K

    2006-09-15

    Antagonists of the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) glutamate receptor, most likely by producing disinhibtion in complex circuits, acutely produce psychosis and cognitive disturbances in humans, and neurotoxicity in rodents. Studies examining NMDA Receptor Hypofunction (NRHypo) neurotoxicity in animals, therefore, may provide insights into the pathophysiology of psychotic disorders. Dopaminergic D2 and/or D3 agents can modify psychosis over days to weeks, suggesting involvement of these transmitter system(s). We studied the ability of D2/D3 agonists and antagonists to modify NRHypo neurotoxicity both after a one-time acute exposure and after chronic daily exposure. Here we report that D2/D3 dopamine agonists, probably via D3 receptors, prevent NRHypo neurotoxicity when given acutely. The protective effect with D2/D3 agonists is not seen after chronic daily dosing. In contrast, the antipsychotic haloperidol does not affect NRHypo neurotoxicity when given acutely at D2/D3 doses. However, after chronic daily dosing of 1, 3, or 5 weeks, haloperidol does prevent NRHypo neurotoxicity with longer durations producing greater protection. Understanding the changes that occur in the NRHypo circuit after chronic exposure to dopaminergic agents could provide important clues into the pathophysiology of psychotic disorders.

  9. The 3D additivist cookbook

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Allahyari, Morehshin; Rourke, Daniel; Rasch, Miriam

    The 3D Additivist Cookbook, devised and edited by Morehshin Allahyari & Daniel Rourke, is a free compendium of imaginative, provocative works from over 100 world-leading artists, activists and theorists. The 3D Additivist Cookbook contains .obj and .stl files for the 3D printer, as well as critical

  10. Drug: D02014 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D02014 Drug Angiotensin II (human type) (JAN); Delivert (TN) ... C50H71N13O12 D02014....O:K04167] ... CAS: 4474-91-3 PubChem: 7849076 ChEMBL: CHEMBL408403 LigandBox: D02014 NIKKAJI: J38.547F ...

  11. Drug: D09863 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ucoma ... CAS: 910562-20-8 PubChem: 135626620 ChEMBL: CHEMBL2105714 LigandBox: D09863 ... ... D09863 Drug Aganepag isopropyl (USAN) ... C27H37NO4S D09863.gif ... Chemical group: DG02023 ... Treatment of gla

  12. Drug: D09963 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DG02024 ... Treatment of glaucoma, ocular hypertension ... CAS: 910562-13-9 PubChem: 135626687 ChEMBL: CHEMBL2105710 LigandBox: D09963 ... ... D09963 Drug Simenepag isopropyl (USAN) ... C26H35NO5S D09963.gif ... Chemical group:

  13. Drug: D09862 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available DG02023 ... Treatment of glaucoma ... CAS: 1192760-33-0 PubChem: 135626619 ChEMBL: CHEMBL2105713 LigandBox: D09862 ... ... D09862 Drug Aganepag ethanediol (USAN) ... C26H35NO5S D09862.gif ... Chemical group:

  14. Drug: D01633 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D01633 Drug Enocitabine (JAN/INN); Sunrabin (TN) ... C31H55N3O6 D01633.gif ... Antineoplastic... ... DG01958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic ... D...G01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic Unclassified ... DG02018 ... Antimetabolite ... DG01958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic... ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic Therap

  15. Drug: D03414 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D03414 Drug Carubicin hydrochloride (USAN) ... C26H27NO10. HCl D03414.gif ... Antineoplastic... ... DG01682 ... Anthracycline antineoplastic ... CAS: 52794-97-5 PubChem: 17397554 ChEMBL: CHEMBL537408 LigandBox: D03414 ...

  16. Drug: D05510 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D05510 Drug Piroxantrone hydrochloride (USAN) ... C21H25N5O4. 2HCl D05510.gif ... Antineoplastic... ... DG01727 ... Anthraquinone antineoplastic ... anthraquinone derivative ... CAS: 105118-12-5 PubChem: 47207179 LigandBox: D05510 ...

  17. Drug: D08442 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available icine acetylcholinesterase (AChE) [KO:K01049] ... CAS: 114-26-1 PubChem: 96025128 ChEBI: 34938 ChEMBL: CHEMBL446060 LigandBox: D08442 NIKKAJI: J2.893B ... ... D08442 Drug Propoxur (BAN); Bolfo (TN) ... C11H15NO3 D08442.gif ... Same as: C14334 ... Carbamate veterinary med

  18. Drug: D09693 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D09693 Drug Velusetrag (USAN/INN) ... C25H36N4O5S D09693.gif ... Chemical group: DG01336 ... Treatment of consti...pation HTR4 [HSA:3360] [KO:K04160] ... CAS: 866933-46-2 PubChem: 124490433 ChEMBL: CHEMBL2087337 LigandBox: D09693 ...

  19. Drug: D06632 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ression, and schizophrenia HTR2A [HSA:3356] [KO:K04157] ... CAS: 443144-26-1 PubChem: 47208283 ChEMBL: CHEMBL1215661 LigandBox: D06632 ... ... D06632 Drug Pruvanserin (USAN/INN) ... C22H21FN4O D06632.gif ... Chemical group: DG01278 ... Insomnia, major dep

  20. Drug: D09890 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D09890 Drug Edivoxetine (USAN/INN) ... C18H26FNO4 D09890.gif ... Chemical group: DG01310 ... Treatment of depres...sion and attention deficit disorder SLC6A2 (NAT1) [HSA:6530] [KO:K05035] ... CAS: 1194508-25-2 PubChem: 135626640 ChEMBL: CHEMBL2103857 LigandBox: D09890 ...

  1. Drug: D09650 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D09650 Drug Orvepitant (USAN/INN) ... C31H35F7N4O2 D09650.gif ... Chemical group: DG01315 ... Treatment of depre...ssion, anxiety and insomnia ... CAS: 579475-18-6 PubChem: 124490390 ChEMBL: CHEMBL2105667 LigandBox: D09650 ...

  2. Drug: D10166 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D10166 Drug Sovaprevir (USAN) ... C43H53N5O8S D10166.gif ... Peptidomimetics Treatment of hepatitis C hepat...itis C virus NS3/NS4A protease [CPD:C18290 C18291] ... CAS: 1001667-23-7 PubChem: 135626884 ChEMBL: CHEMBL2105750 LigandBox: D10166 ...

  3. Drug: D08026 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D08026 Drug Velneperit (USAN/INN) ... C17H24F3N3O3S D08026.gif ... Other ... DG01706 ... Antiobesity... ... Treatment of clinical obesity NPY5R [HSA:4889] [KO:K04207] ... CAS: 342577-38-2 PubChem: 96024719 ChEMBL: CHEMBL2016681 LigandBox: D08026 ...

  4. Drug: D06252 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D06252 Drug Trodusquemine (USAN/INN) ... C37H72N4O5S D06252.gif ... Treatment of medically significant obes...ity ... CAS: 186139-09-3 PubChem: 47207910 ChEMBL: CHEMBL508583 LigandBox: D06252 ...

  5. Drug: D10256 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D10256 Mixture ... Drug Albuterol sulfate - ipratropium bromide mixt; Combivent (TN)... Salbutamol sulfate [DR:D00683], Ipratropium bromide hydrate [DR:D02212] ... ATC code: R03AL02 ... Treatment of COPD (Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease) ... PubChem: 163312287 ...

  6. Drug: D06174 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D06174 Drug Tocophersolan (USAN); Tocofersolan (INN) ... C33H54O5(C2H4O)n D06174.gif ... ... ATC code: A11HA08 ... n = approximately 22 Tocopherol derivative ... CAS: 9002-96-4 PubChem: 47207832 LigandBox: D06174 ...

  7. Drug: D09953 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D09953 Drug Pridopidine (USAN/INN) ... C15H23NO2S D09953.gif ... Chemical group: DG01325 ... Treatment of schizo...phrenia, Parkinson's disease and Huntington's disease ... CAS: 346688-38-8 PubChem: 135626678 ChEMBL: CHEMBL596802 LigandBox: D09953 ...

  8. Drug: D06660 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D06660 Drug Vabicaserin hydrochloride (USAN); SCA 136 ... C15H20N2. HCl D06660.gif ... Treatment of schizop...hrenia HTR2C [HSA:3358] [KO:K04157]; HTR2B [HSA:3357] [KO:K04157] ... CAS: 620948-34-7 PubChem: 47208311 ChEMBL: CHEMBL2104991 LigandBox: D06660 ...

  9. Drug: D02099 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D02099 Drug Propoxycaine hydrochloride (USP); Ravocaine hydrochloride; Blockaine h...ydrochloride (TN) ... C16H26N2O3. HCl D02099.gif ... CAS: 550-83-4 PubChem: 7849160 ChEMBL: CHEMBL1769 LigandBox: D02099 NIKKAJI: J404.397I ...

  10. Drug: D02894 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D02894 Drug Ametantrone acetate (USAN) ... C22H28N4O4. (C2H4O2)2 D02894.gif ... Antineoplastic ... DG01727 ... Anthra...quinone antineoplastic ... anthraquinone derivative ... CAS: 70711-40-9 PubChem: 17397051 ChEMBL: CHEMBL2104059 LigandBox: D02894 NIKKAJI: J395.653I ...

  11. Drug: D02601 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D02601 Drug Phenothiazine (INN); Thiodiphenylamin; Nemazine [veterinary] (TN) ... C12...H9NS D02601.gif ... veterinary medicine ... CAS: 92-84-2 PubChem: 17396771 ChEMBL: CHEMBL828 LigandBox: D02601 NIKKAJI: J3.932B ...

  12. Drug: D07829 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available erinary medicine ... CAS: 35367-38-5 PubChem: 96024526 ChEBI: 34703 ChEMBL: CHEMBL49338 LigandBox: D07829 NIKKAJI: J1.888K ... ... D07829 Drug Diflubenzuron ... C14H9ClF2N2O2 D07829.gif ... Same as: C14427 ... Benzoyl phenylurea derivative vet

  13. Drug: D04140 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D04140 Drug Fenbendazole (USP/INN); Panacur [veterinary] (TN) ... C15H13N3O2S D04140....gif ... ATC code: P02CA06 ... Benzimidazole derivative veterinary medicine ... CAS: 43210-67-9 PubChem: 47206087 ChEBI: 77092 ChEMBL: CHEMBL37161 LigandBox: D04140 NIKKAJI: J15.833J ...

  14. Drug: D07730 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D07730 Drug Cloprostenol (INN); Dalmazin [veterinary] (TN) ... C22H29ClO6 D07730.gif ... ... Prostaglandin derivative veterinary medicine ... CAS: 40665-92-7 PubChem: 51092026 LigandBox: D07730 NIKKAJI: J299.284A ...

  15. Drug: D02534 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D02534 Drug Nitrovin (BAN); Difurazone; Nitrovin (TN) ... C14H12N6O6 D02534.gif ... Same as: C19487 ... veterina...ry medicine ... CAS: 804-36-4 PubChem: 17396705 ChEBI: 82516 ChEMBL: CHEMBL1395447 LigandBox: D02534 NIKKAJI: J4.527F ...

  16. Drug: D04135 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D04135 Drug Febantel (USAN/INN); Rintal (TN) ... C20H22N4O6S D04135.gif ... Component of Drontal (TN) veter...inary medicine ... CAS: 58306-30-2 PubChem: 47206082 ChEMBL: CHEMBL1080983 LigandBox: D04135 NIKKAJI: J14.650A ...

  17. Drug: D08150 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D08150 Drug Lufenuron (INN); Program [veterinary] (TN) ... C17H8Cl2F8N2O3 D08150.gif ... ... Same as: C18434 ... Benzoyl phenylurea derivative veterinary medicine ... CAS: 103055-07-8 PubChem: 96024840 ChEBI: 39384 ChEMBL: CHEMBL1364906 LigandBox: D08150 NIKKAJI: J481.190I ...

  18. Drug: D07098 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available nitus ... CAS: 23465-76-1 PubChem: 51091439 ChEMBL: CHEMBL1729803 LigandBox: D07098 NIKKAJI: J20.779I ... ... D07098 Drug Caroverine (INN); Spasmium (TN) ... C22H27N3O2 D07098.gif ... ATC code: A03AX11 ... Treatment of tin

  19. Drug: D04128 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D04128 Drug Fandosentan potassium (USAN) ... C25H17F3NO6S. K D04128.gif ... Treatment of pulmonary hyperten...sion ... CAS: 221246-12-4 PubChem: 47206075 ChEMBL: CHEMBL2104296 LigandBox: D04128 ...

  20. Drug: D07373 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D07373 Drug Tymazoline (BAN); Thymazen (TN) ... C14H20N2O D07373.gif ... ATC code: R0...1AA13 Chemical group: DG01034 ... CAS: 24243-97-8 PubChem: 51091709 ChEMBL: CHEMBL2106467 LigandBox: D07373 NIKKAJI: J16.393G ...

  1. Drug: D03227 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D03227 Drug Bemotrizinol (USAN/INN); Tinosorb S (TN) ... C38H49N3O5 D03227.gif ... ... intended for use as a topicl sunscreen ... CAS: 187393-00-6 PubChem: 17397380 ChEMBL: CHEMBL2104956 LigandBox: D03227 ...

  2. Drug: D00801 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D00801 Drug Lithium carbonate (JP17/USP); Eskalith (TN); Lithobid (TN) ... CO3. 2Li D00801...: 554-13-2 PubChem: 7847866 ChEBI: 6504 ChEMBL: CHEMBL1200826 LigandBox: D00801 NIKKAJI: J425A ...

  3. Drug: D02801 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D02801 Drug Alemcinal (USAN/INN) ... C38H67NO10 D02801.gif ... Erythromycin deriva...tive MLNR [HSA:2862] [KO:K05266] ... CAS: 150785-53-8 PubChem: 17396959 ChEMBL: CHEMBL115873 CHEMBL300049 LigandBox: D02801 ...

  4. Drug: D08014 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D08014 Drug Glaucine; Tusidil (TN) ... C21H25NO4 D08014.gif ... Same as: C09446 Chemi...cal group: DG02011 ... CAS: 475-81-0 PubChem: 96024707 ChEBI: 5373 ChEMBL: CHEMBL228082 LigandBox: D08014 NIKKAJI: J12.036G ...

  5. Drug: D08010 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D08010 Drug Ganirelix (INN); Orgalutran (TN) ... C80H113ClN18O13 D08010.gif ... ATC c...280] ... CAS: 124904-93-4 PubChem: 96024703 ChEMBL: CHEMBL1251 LigandBox: D08010 NIKKAJI: J419.572H ...

  6. Drug: D08017 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D08017 Drug Flucloxacillin magnesium; Floxapen (TN) ... (C19H16ClFN3O5S)2. Mg D08017....cillin Penicillinase [EC:3.5.2.6]-resistant penicillin penicillin binding protein ... PubChem: 96024710 LigandBox: D08017 ...

  7. Drug: D05801 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D05801 Drug Saprisartan potassium (USAN) ... C25H21BrF3N4O4S. K D05801.gif ... Cardiov...01495 ... Angiotensin II receptor antagonist ... Treatment of hypertension and heart failure ... CAS: 146613-90-3 PubChem: 47207462 LigandBox: D05801 NIKKAJI: J776.888E ...

  8. Drug: D08015 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D08015 Drug Ferrous succinate; Ferplex (TN) ... C4H4O4. Fe D08015.gif ... Cardiovascul...ar agent ... DG01694 ... Iron preparation ATC code: B03AA06 ... CAS: 10030-90-7 PubChem: 96024708 ChEMBL: CHEMBL3707232 LigandBox: D08015 NIKKAJI: J62.812C ...

  9. Drug: D01122 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D01122 Drug Ibuprofen piconol (JP17/USAN); Staderm (TN) ... C19H23NO2 D01122.gif ... A...pionic acid derivative Active form of prodrug: Ibuprofen [DR:D00126] PTGS1 (COX1) [HSA:5742] [KO:K00509]; PT

  10. Drug: D00028 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ame as: C00116 Therapeutic category: 2357 7139 7190 ATC code: A06AG04 A06AX01 ... Component of Glyceol (TN) [DR:D04285], Compound iodin...e glycerin [DR:D04412], Dental iodine glycerin [DR:D0488

  11. Multispectroscopic methods reveal different modes of interaction of anti cancer drug mitoxantrone with Poly(dG-dC).Poly(dG-dC) and Poly(dA-dT).Poly(dA-dT).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Awasthi, Pamita; Dogra, Shilpa; Barthwal, Ritu

    2013-10-05

    The interaction of mitoxantrone with alternating Poly(dG-dC).Poly(dG-dC) and Poly(dA-dT).Poly(dA-dT) duplex has been studied by absorption, fluorescence and Circular Dichroism (CD) spectroscopy at Drug to Phosphate base pair ratios D/P=20.0-0.04. Binding to GC polymer occurs in two distinct modes: partial stacking characterized by red shifts of 18-23nm at D/P=0.2-0.8 and external binding at D/P=1.0-20.0 whereas that to AT polymer occurs externally in the entire range of D/P. The binding constant and number of binding sites is 3.7×10(5)M(-1), 0.3 and 1.3× 10(4)M(-1), 1.5 in GC and AT polymers, respectively at low D/P ratios. CD binding isotherms show breakpoints at D/P=0.1, 0.5 and 0.25, 0.5 in GC and AT polymers, respectively. The intrinsic CD bands indicate that the distortions in GC polymer are significantly higher than that in AT polymer. Docking studies show partial insertion of mitoxantrone rings between to GC base pairs in alternating GC polymer. Side chains of mitoxantrone interact specifically with base pairs and DNA backbone. The studies are relevant to the understanding of suppression or inhibition of DNA cleavage on formation of ternary complex with topoisomerase-II enzyme and hence the anti cancer action. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Microstates of D1–D5(-P black holes, as interacting D-branes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takeshi Morita

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available In our previous study (Morita et al., 2014 [1], we figured out that the thermodynamics of the near extremal black p-branes can be explained as the collective motions of gravitationally interacting elementary p-branes (the p-soup proposal. We test this proposal in the near-extremal D1–D5 and D1–D5-P black holes and show that their thermodynamics also can be explained in a similar fashion, i.e. via the collective motions of the interacting elementary D1-branes and D5-branes (and waves. It may imply that the microscopic origins of these intersecting black branes and the black p-brane are explained in the unified picture. We also argue the relation between the p-soup proposal and the conformal field theory calculations of the D1–D5(-P black holes in superstring theory.

  13. Microstates of D1–D5(-P) black holes, as interacting D-branes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Morita, Takeshi; Shiba, Shotaro

    2015-01-01

    In our previous study (Morita et al., 2014 [1]), we figured out that the thermodynamics of the near extremal black p-branes can be explained as the collective motions of gravitationally interacting elementary p-branes (the p-soup proposal). We test this proposal in the near-extremal D1–D5 and D1–D5-P black holes and show that their thermodynamics also can be explained in a similar fashion, i.e. via the collective motions of the interacting elementary D1-branes and D5-branes (and waves). It may imply that the microscopic origins of these intersecting black branes and the black p-brane are explained in the unified picture. We also argue the relation between the p-soup proposal and the conformal field theory calculations of the D1–D5(-P) black holes in superstring theory

  14. Microstates of D1–D5(-P) black holes, as interacting D-branes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Morita, Takeshi, E-mail: morita.takeshi@shizuoka.ac.jp [Department of Physics, Shizuoka University, 836 Ohya, Suruga-ku, Shizuoka 422-8529 (Japan); Shiba, Shotaro, E-mail: sshiba@cc.kyoto-su.ac.jp [Maskawa Institute for Science and Culture, Kyoto Sangyo University, Kamigamo-Motoyama, Kita-ku, Kyoto 603-8555 (Japan)

    2015-07-30

    In our previous study (Morita et al., 2014 [1]), we figured out that the thermodynamics of the near extremal black p-branes can be explained as the collective motions of gravitationally interacting elementary p-branes (the p-soup proposal). We test this proposal in the near-extremal D1–D5 and D1–D5-P black holes and show that their thermodynamics also can be explained in a similar fashion, i.e. via the collective motions of the interacting elementary D1-branes and D5-branes (and waves). It may imply that the microscopic origins of these intersecting black branes and the black p-brane are explained in the unified picture. We also argue the relation between the p-soup proposal and the conformal field theory calculations of the D1–D5(-P) black holes in superstring theory.

  15. Vitamin D deficiency in Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cashman, Kevin D.; Dowling, Kirsten G; Škrabáková, Zuzana

    2016-01-01

    25(OH)D values from national health/nutrition surveys. OBJECTIVE: This study applied VDSP protocols to serum 25(OH)D data from representative childhood/teenage and adult/older adult European populations, representing a sizable geographical footprint, to better quantify the prevalence of vitamin D...... is evident throughout the European population at prevalence rates that are concerning and that require action from a public health perspective. What direction these strategies take will depend on European policy but should aim to ensure vitamin D intakes that are protective against vitamin D deficiency...

  16. Large-scale demonstration of D ampersand D technologies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bhattacharyya, S.K.; Black, D.B.; Rose, R.W.

    1997-01-01

    It is becoming increasingly evident that new technologies will need to be utilized for decontamination and decommissioning (D ampersand D) activities in order to assure safe and cost effective operations. The magnitude of the international D ampersand D problem is sufficiently large in anticipated cost (100's of billions of dollars) and in elapsed time (decades), that the utilization of new technologies should lead to substantial improvements in cost and safety performance. Adoption of new technologies in the generally highly contaminated D ampersand D environments requires assurances that the technology will perform as advertised. Such assurances can be obtained from demonstrations of the technology in environments that are similar to the actual environments without being quite as contaminated and hazardous. The Large Scale Demonstration Project (LSDP) concept was designed to provide such a function. The first LSDP funded by the U.S. Department Of Energy's Environmental Management Office (EM) was on the Chicago Pile 5 (CP-5) Reactor at Argonne National Laboratory. The project, conducted by a Strategic Alliance for Environmental Restoration, has completed demonstrations of 10 D ampersand D technologies and is in the process of comparing the performance to baseline technologies. At the conclusion of the project, a catalog of performance comparisons of these technologies will be developed that will be suitable for use by future D ampersand D planners

  17. D-D neutron generator development at LBNL.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reijonen, J; Gicquel, F; Hahto, S K; King, M; Lou, T-P; Leung, K-N

    2005-01-01

    The plasma and ion source technology group in Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory is developing advanced, next generation D-D neutron generators. There are three distinctive developments, which are discussed in this presentation, namely, multi-stage, accelerator-based axial neutron generator, high-output co-axial neutron generator and point source neutron generator. These generators employ RF-induction discharge to produce deuterium ions. The distinctive feature of RF-discharge is its capability to generate high atomic hydrogen species, high current densities and stable and long-life operation. The axial neutron generator is designed for applications that require fast pulsing together with medium to high D-D neutron output. The co-axial neutron generator is aimed for high neutron output with cw or pulsed operation, using either the D-D or D-T fusion reaction. The point source neutron generator is a new concept, utilizing a toroidal-shaped plasma generator. The beam is extracted from multiple apertures and focus to the target tube, which is located at the middle of the generator. This will generate a point source of D-D, T-T or D-T neutrons with high output flux. The latest development together with measured data will be discussed in this article.

  18. Vitamin D in Pain Management.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helde-Frankling, Maria; Björkhem-Bergman, Linda

    2017-10-18

    Vitamin D is a hormone synthesized in the skin in the presence of sunlight. Like other hormones, vitamin D plays a role in a wide range of processes in the body. Here we review the possible role of vitamin D in nociceptive and inflammatory pain. In observational studies, low vitamin D levels have been associated with increased pain and higher opioid doses. Recent interventional studies have shown promising effects of vitamin D supplementation on cancer pain and muscular pain-but only in patients with insufficient levels of vitamin D when starting intervention. Possible mechanisms for vitamin D in pain management are the anti-inflammatory effects mediated by reduced cytokine and prostaglandin release and effects on T-cell responses. The recent finding of vitamin D-mediated inhibition of Prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) is especially interesting and exhibits a credible mechanistic explanation. Having reviewed current literature, we suggest that patients with deficient levels defined as 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25-OHD) levels 50 nmol/L probably have little benefit from supplementation. Our conclusion is that vitamin D may constitute a safe, simple and potentially beneficial way to reduce pain among patients with vitamin D deficiency, but that more randomized and placebo-controlled studies are needed before any firm conclusions can be drawn.

  19. [Vitamin D and endocrine diseases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuch, Natielen Jacques; Garcia, Vivian Cristina; Martini, Ligia Araújo

    2009-07-01

    Vitamin D insufficiency/deficiency has been worldwide reported in all age groups in recent years. It has been considered a Public Health matter since decreased levels of vitamin D has been related to several chronic diseases, as type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM), obesity and hypertension. Glucose intolerance and insulin secretion has been observed during vitamin D deficiency, both in animals and humans resulting in T2DM. The supposed mechanism underlying these findings is presence of vitamin D receptor in several tissues and cells, including pancreatic beta-cells, adipocyte and muscle cells. In obese individuals, the impaired vitamin D endocrine system, characterized by high levels of PTH and 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) could induce a negative feedback for the hepatic synthesis of 25(OH)D and also contribute to a higher intracellular calcium, which in turn secrete less insulin and deteriorate insulin sensitivity. In hypertension, vitamin D could act on renin-angiotensin system and also in vascular function. Administration of 1,25(OH)(2)D(3) could decreases renin gene expression and inhibit vascular smooth muscle cell proliferation. However, prospective and intervention human studies that clearly demonstrates the benefits of vitamin D status adequacy in the prevention and treatment of endocrine metabolic diseases are lacking. Further research still necessary to assure the maximum benefit of vitamin D in such situations.

  20. Vitamin d and physical performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moran, Daniel S; McClung, James P; Kohen, Tal; Lieberman, Harris R

    2013-07-01

    Vitamin D is an essential nutrient obtained from the diet and exposure to sunlight. Roles for vitamin D have been established in the function of the cardiovascular, immune, and musculoskeletal systems. An electronic database search was conducted using EMBASE (1967 to August 2012), MEDLINE (1966 to August 2012), SPORTDiscus™ (1975 to August 2012), and the Scientific Electronic Library Online (SciELO) (1998 to August 2012) with no limits of language of publication. Articles that described vitamin D and performance were considered eligible for this review. Recent studies suggest that vitamin D maintains physical performance in athletes and other active populations, e.g., maximal oxygen consumption may be related to vitamin D status. Poor vitamin D status affects muscle strength, and vitamin D may participate in protein synthesis through the actions of the vitamin D receptor in muscle tissue. Vitamin D may protect against overuse injuries, such as stress fracture, through its well-documented role in calcium metabolism. The objective of this manuscript is to review recent evidence regarding the importance of vitamin D for maintaining physical performance, and includes specific examples of how vitamin D supports the cardiovascular, immune, and musculoskeletal systems.

  1. Vitamin D and Heart Failure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marshall Brinkley, D; Ali, Omair M; Zalawadiya, Sandip K; Wang, Thomas J

    2017-10-01

    Vitamin D is principally known for its role in calcium homeostasis, but preclinical studies implicate multiple pathways through which vitamin D may affect cardiovascular function and influence risk for heart failure. Many adults with cardiovascular disease have low vitamin D status, making it a potential therapeutic target. We review the rationale and potential role of vitamin D supplementation in the prevention and treatment of chronic heart failure. Substantial observational evidence has associated low vitamin D status with the risk of heart failure, ventricular remodeling, and clinical outcomes in heart failure, including mortality. However, trials assessing the influence of vitamin D supplementation on surrogate markers and clinical outcomes in heart failure have generally been small and inconclusive. There are insufficient data to recommend routine assessment or supplementation of vitamin D for the prevention or treatment of chronic heart failure. Prospective trials powered for clinical outcomes are warranted.

  2. 3D vector flow imaging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pihl, Michael Johannes

    The main purpose of this PhD project is to develop an ultrasonic method for 3D vector flow imaging. The motivation is to advance the field of velocity estimation in ultrasound, which plays an important role in the clinic. The velocity of blood has components in all three spatial dimensions, yet...... are (vx, vy, vz) = (-0.03, 95, 1.0) ± (9, 6, 1) cm/s compared with the expected (0, 96, 0) cm/s. Afterwards, 3D vector flow images from a cross-sectional plane of the vessel are presented. The out of plane velocities exhibit the expected 2D circular-symmetric parabolic shape. The experimental results...... verify that the 3D TO method estimates the complete 3D velocity vectors, and that the method is suitable for 3D vector flow imaging....

  3. Drug: D02331 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available pherols concentrate, or d-alpha tocopheryl acetate concentrate. d-alpha Tocopherol (R = ...ay consist of d- or dl-alpha tocopherol, d- or dl-alpha tocopheryl acetate, d- or dl-alpha tocopheryl acid succinate, mixed toco...-H) [CPD:C02477] dl-alpha Tocopherol (CAS 10191-41-0) (R = -H) ... d-alpha Tocophery...l acetate (CAS 58-95-7) (R = -COCH3) ... dl-alpha Tocopheryl acetate (CAS 52225-20-4) (R = -COCH3) ... d-alpha Toco...pheryl acid succinate (CAS 4345-03-3) (R = -COCH2CH2COOH) ... dl-alpha Tocopheryl acid succinate (CAS 17407-37

  4. PhD Dissertations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redazione Reti Medievali (a cura di

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available Report of PhD Dissertations. Francesco Barone Istituzioni, società ed economia a Catania nel tardo medioevo (XIV-XV secolo, Tesi di dottorato in Storia medievale (XVI ciclo, Università degli Studi di Firenze, 2004   Laura Berti Ceroni Il territorio e le strutture di Cesarea e Classe tra tarda antichità e alto medioevo in rapporto con Ravenna, Tesi di dottorato di ricerca in Storia e Informatica, Università degli studi di Bologna, 2002-2003.   Marco Bicchierai Poppi dalla signoria dei conti Guidi al vicariato del Casentino (1360-1480, Tesi di dottorato in Storia medievale (XIV ciclo, Università degli Studi di Firenze, 2004   Emanuela Garimberti Spatiosa ad habitandum loca. Luoghi e identità nella Historia Langobardorum di Paolo Diacono, Tesi di dottorato in Storia medievale (XV ciclo, Università degli Studi di Bologna, 2004   Lorenzo Tanzini Sistemi normativi e pratiche istituzionali a Firenze dalla fine del XIII all’inizio del XV secolo, Tesi di dottorato di ricerca in Storia medievale (XVI ciclo, Università degli Studi di Firenze, 2004   Stefania Tarquini Pellegrinaggio e asseto urbano di Roma, Tesi di dottorato di ricerca in Storia dei centri, delle vie e della cultura dei pellegrinaggi nel Medioevo euro mediterraneo (XV ciclo, Università degli studi di Lecce, 2003

  5. COURSE D'ORIENTATION

    CERN Multimedia

    CLUB D'ORIENTATION

    2010-01-01

      Finale de la coupe d’automne La coupe d’automne organisée par le club d’orientation du CERN s’est terminée ce samedi 23 octobre après 7 épreuves. Les deux dernières courses se sont déroulées en l’espace de 24 heures, puisque le club organisait une course type nocturne vendredi 22 octobre sur le site du CERN et la dernière étape avait lieu dans la forêt de Merdisel sous la forme d’une course aux points samedi 23 après-midi. Les participants avaient à cœur de bien terminer lors de ces deux épreuves pour consolider ou améliorer leur place au classement général. Le classement général de la coupe d’automne, basé sur les 4 meilleurs résultats de la saison, est ainsi le suivant : Circuit ...

  6. Course d'Orientation

    CERN Multimedia

    Course d'Orientation

    2012-01-01

      Tous à vos boussoles, cap sur une nouvelle saison! Le Club d’Orientation du CERN, en partenariat avec d’autres clubs de la région, vous propose à nouveau une série de courses comptant pour la coupe genevoise. Le coup d’envoi sera donné samedi 17 mars au Flon dans le canton de Vaud  avec une course longue distance. Puis le programme sera le suivant: Samedi 21 avril : Challex Samedi 28 avril : Vulbens Samedi 5 mai : Trelex Samedi 12 mai : Chancy Samedi 19 mai : Lausanne/Sauvabelin Samedi 2 juin: La Faucille Samedi 9 juin: Bonmont/La Rippe Finale Ces courses populaires ont lieu le samedi après-midi, elles sont ouvertes à tous, quel que soit le niveau, du débutant au sportif confirmé, en famille ou en individuel, en promenade ou en course. Pour participer aux épreuves sur le territoire français, il faut être en possession soit ...

  7. Mobile 3D tomograph

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Illerhaus, Bernhard; Goebbels, Juergen; Onel, Yener; Sauerwein, Christoph

    2008-01-01

    Mobile tomographs often have the problem that high spatial resolution is impossible owing to the position or setup of the tomograph. While the tree tomograph developed by Messrs. Isotopenforschung Dr. Sauerwein GmbH worked well in practice, it is no longer used as the spatial resolution and measuring time are insufficient for many modern applications. The paper shows that the mechanical base of the method is sufficient for 3D CT measurements with modern detectors and X-ray tubes. CT measurements with very good statistics take less than 10 min. This means that mobile systems can be used, e.g. in examinations of non-transportable cultural objects or monuments. Enhancement of the spatial resolution of mobile tomographs capable of measuring in any position is made difficult by the fact that the tomograph has moving parts and will therefore have weight shifts. With the aid of tomographies whose spatial resolution is far higher than the mechanical accuracy, a correction method is presented for direct integration of the Feldkamp algorithm [de

  8. PhD Dissertations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redazione Reti Medievali (a cura di

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Reporto of PhD Dissertations.   Mario Dalle Carbonare Società, potere e clientele nell’Irlanda altomedievale (secoli V-IX, Tesi di dottorato di ricerca in Storia sociale europea, Università "Ca' Foscari" di Venezia, 2003 Vieri Mazzoni La legislazione antighibellina e la politica oligarchica della Parte Guelfa di Firenze nel secondo Trecento (1347-1378, Tesi di dottorato di ricerca in Storia Medievale (ciclo XII, Università degli Studi di Firenze   Alma Poloni Pisa dalle origini del movimento popolare alla discesa di Ludovico il Bavaro. I gruppi dirigenti cittadini tra continuità e trasformazione, Tesi di dottorato di ricerca in Storia dell'Europa nel medioevo, Università degli studi di Pisa, 2003   Andrea Puglia Potere marchionale, amministrazione del territorio, società locali dalla morte di Ugo di Tuscia a Guelfo VI di Baviera (1001-1160, Tesi di dottorato di ricerca in Storia medievale, Università degli studi di Milano, 2003

  9. Contributions in compression of 3D medical images and 2D images; Contributions en compression d'images medicales 3D et d'images naturelles 2D

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gaudeau, Y

    2006-12-15

    The huge amounts of volumetric data generated by current medical imaging techniques in the context of an increasing demand for long term archiving solutions, as well as the rapid development of distant radiology make the use of compression inevitable. Indeed, if the medical community has sided until now with compression without losses, most of applications suffer from compression ratios which are too low with this kind of compression. In this context, compression with acceptable losses could be the most appropriate answer. So, we propose a new loss coding scheme based on 3D (3 dimensional) Wavelet Transform and Dead Zone Lattice Vector Quantization 3D (DZLVQ) for medical images. Our algorithm has been evaluated on several computerized tomography (CT) and magnetic resonance image volumes. The main contribution of this work is the design of a multidimensional dead zone which enables to take into account correlations between neighbouring elementary volumes. At high compression ratios, we show that it can out-perform visually and numerically the best existing methods. These promising results are confirmed on head CT by two medical patricians. The second contribution of this document assesses the effect with-loss image compression on CAD (Computer-Aided Decision) detection performance of solid lung nodules. This work on 120 significant lungs images shows that detection did not suffer until 48:1 compression and still was robust at 96:1. The last contribution consists in the complexity reduction of our compression scheme. The first allocation dedicated to 2D DZLVQ uses an exponential of the rate-distortion (R-D) functions. The second allocation for 2D and 3D medical images is based on block statistical model to estimate the R-D curves. These R-D models are based on the joint distribution of wavelet vectors using a multidimensional mixture of generalized Gaussian (MMGG) densities. (author)

  10. Reconnaissance invariante d'objets 3-D et correlation SONG

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roy, Sebastien

    Cette these propose des solutions a deux problemes de la reconnaissance automatique de formes: la reconnaissance invariante d'objets tridimensionnels a partir d'images d'intensite et la reconnaissance robuste a la presence de bruit disjoint. Un systeme utilisant le balayage angulaire des images et un classificateur par trajectoires d'espace des caracteristiques permet d'obtenir la reconnaissance invariante d'objets tridimensionnels. La reconnaissance robuste a la presence de bruit disjoint est realisee au moyen de la correlation SONG. Nous avons realise la reconnaissance invariante aux translations, rotations et changements d'echelle d'objets tridimensionnels a partir d'images d'intensite segmentees. Nous utilisons le balayage angulaire et un classificateur a trajectoires d'espace des caracteris tiques. Afin d'obtenir l'invariance aux translations, le centre de balayage angulaire coincide avec le centre geometrique de l'image. Le balayage angulaire produit un vecteur de caracteristiques invariant aux changements d'echelle de l'image et il transforme en translations du signal les rotations autour d'un axe parallele a la ligne de visee. Le classificateur par trajectoires d'espace des caracteristiques represente une rotation autour d'un axe perpendiculaire a la ligne de visee par une courbe dans l'espace. La classification se fait par la mesure de la distance du vecteur de caracteristiques de l'image a reconnaitre aux trajectoires stockees dans l'espace. Nos resultats numeriques montrent un taux de classement atteignant 98% sur une banque d'images composee de 5 vehicules militaires. La correlation non-lineaire generalisee en tranches orthogonales (SONG) traite independamment les niveaux de gris presents dans une image. Elle somme les correlations lineaires des images binaires ayant le meme niveau de gris. Cette correlation est equivalente a compter le nombre de pixels situes aux memes positions relatives et ayant les memes intensites sur deux images. Nous presentons

  11. A 2D driven 3D vessel segmentation algorithm for 3D digital subtraction angiography data

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spiegel, M; Hornegger, J; Redel, T; Struffert, T; Doerfler, A

    2011-01-01

    Cerebrovascular disease is among the leading causes of death in western industrial nations. 3D rotational angiography delivers indispensable information on vessel morphology and pathology. Physicians make use of this to analyze vessel geometry in detail, i.e. vessel diameters, location and size of aneurysms, to come up with a clinical decision. 3D segmentation is a crucial step in this pipeline. Although a lot of different methods are available nowadays, all of them lack a method to validate the results for the individual patient. Therefore, we propose a novel 2D digital subtraction angiography (DSA)-driven 3D vessel segmentation and validation framework. 2D DSA projections are clinically considered as gold standard when it comes to measurements of vessel diameter or the neck size of aneurysms. An ellipsoid vessel model is applied to deliver the initial 3D segmentation. To assess the accuracy of the 3D vessel segmentation, its forward projections are iteratively overlaid with the corresponding 2D DSA projections. Local vessel discrepancies are modeled by a global 2D/3D optimization function to adjust the 3D vessel segmentation toward the 2D vessel contours. Our framework has been evaluated on phantom data as well as on ten patient datasets. Three 2D DSA projections from varying viewing angles have been used for each dataset. The novel 2D driven 3D vessel segmentation approach shows superior results against state-of-the-art segmentations like region growing, i.e. an improvement of 7.2% points in precision and 5.8% points for the Dice coefficient. This method opens up future clinical applications requiring the greatest vessel accuracy, e.g. computational fluid dynamic modeling.

  12. Observation of $D^0 - \\overline{D}^0$ oscillations

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2075808; Abellan Beteta, C; Adametz, A; Adeva, B; Adinolfi, M; Adrover, C; Affolder, A; Ajaltouni, Z; Albrecht, J; Alessio, F; Alexander, M; Ali, S; Alkhazov, G; Alvarez Cartelle, P; Alves Jr, A A; Amato, S; Amhis, Y; Anderlini, L; Anderson, J; Andreassen, R; Appleby, R B; Aquines Gutierrez, O; Archilli, F; Artamonov, A; Artuso, M; Aslanides, E; Auriemma, G; Bachmann, S; Back, J J; Baesso, C; Baldini, W; Barlow, R J; Barschel, C; Barsuk, S; Barter, W; Bates, A; Bauer, Th; Bay, A; Beddow, J; Bediaga, I; Belogurov, S; Belous, K; Belyaev, I; Ben-Haim, E; Benayoun, M; Bencivenni, G; Benson, S; Benton, J; Berezhnoy, A; Bernet, R; Bettler, M -O; van Beuzekom, M; Bien, A; Bifani, S; Bird, T; Bizzeti, A; Bjørnstad, P M; Blake, T; Blanc, F; Blanks, C; Blouw, J; Blusk, S; Bobrov, A; Bocci, V; Bondar, A; Bondar, N; Bonivento, W; Borghi, S; Borgia, A; Bowcock, T J V; Bowen, E; Bozzi, C; Brambach, T; van den Brand, J; Bressieux, J; Brett, D; Britsch, M; Britton, T; Brook, N H; Brown, H; Büchler-Germann, A; Burducea, I; Bursche, A; Buytaert, J; Cadeddu, S; Callot, O; Calvi, M; Calvo Gomez, M; Camboni, A; Campana, P; Carbone, A; Carboni, G; Cardinale, R; Cardini, A; Carranza-Mejia, H; Carson, L; Carvalho Akiba, K; Casse, G; Cattaneo, M; Cauet, Ch; Charles, M; Charpentier, Ph; Chen, P; Chiapolini, N; Chrzaszcz, M; Ciba, K; Cid Vidal, X; Ciezarek, G; Clarke, P E L; Clemencic, M; Cliff, H V; Closier, J; Coca, C; Coco, V; Cogan, J; Cogneras, E; Collins, P; Comerma-Montells, A; Contu, A; Cook, A; Coombes, M; Corti, G; Couturier, B; Cowan, G A; Craik, D; Cunliffe, S; Currie, R; D'Ambrosio, C; David, P; David, P N Y; De Bonis, I; De Bruyn, K; De Capua, S; De Cian, M; De Miranda, J M; De Paula, L; De Simone, P; Decamp, D; Deckenhoff, M; Degaudenzi, H; Del Buono, L; Deplano, C; Derkach, D; Deschamps, O; Dettori, F; Di Canto, A; Dickens, J; Dijkstra, H; Diniz Batista, P; Dogaru, M; Domingo Bonal, F; Donleavy, S; Dordei, F; Dosil Suárez, A; Dossett, D; Dovbnya, A; Dupertuis, F; Dzhelyadin, R; Dziurda, A; Dzyuba, A; Easo, S; Egede, U; Egorychev, V; Eidelman, S; van Eijk, D; Eisenhardt, S; Ekelhof, R; Eklund, L; El Rifai, I; Elsasser, Ch; Elsby, D; Falabella, A; Färber, C; Fardell, G; Farinelli, C; Farry, S; Fave, V; Fernandez Albor, V; Ferreira Rodrigues, F; Ferro-Luzzi, M; Filippov, S; Fitzpatrick, C; Fontana, M; Fontanelli, F; Forty, R; Francisco, O; Frank, M; Frei, C; Frosini, M; Furcas, S; Gallas Torreira, A; Galli, D; Gandelman, M; Gandini, P; Gao, Y; Garofoli, J; Garosi, P; Garra Tico, J; Garrido, L; Gaspar, C; Gauld, R; Gersabeck, E; Gersabeck, M; Gershon, T; Ghez, Ph; Gibson, V; Gligorov, V V; Göbel, C; Golubkov, D; Golutvin, A; Gomes, A; Gordon, H; Grabalosa Gándara, M; Graciani Diaz, R; Granado Cardoso, L A; Graugés, E; Graziani, G; Grecu, A; Greening, E; Gregson, S; Grünberg, O; Gui, B; Gushchin, E; Guz, Yu; Gys, T; Hadjivasiliou, C; Haefeli, G; Haen, C; Haines, S C; Hall, S; Hampson, T; Hansmann-Menzemer, S; Harnew, N; Harnew, S T; Harrison, J; Harrison, P F; Hartmann, T; He, J; Heijne, V; Hennessy, K; Henrard, P; Hernando Morata, J A; van Herwijnen, E; Hicks, E; Hill, D; Hoballah, M; Hombach, C; Hopchev, P; Hulsbergen, W; Hunt, P; Huse, T; Hussain, N; Hutchcroft, D; Hynds, D; Iakovenko, V; Ilten, P; Imong, J; Jacobsson, R; Jaeger, A; Jans, E; Jansen, F; Jaton, P; Jing, F; John, M; Johnson, D; Jones, C R; Jost, B; Kaballo, M; Kandybei, S; Karacson, M; Karbach, T M; Kenyon, I R; Kerzel, U; Ketel, T; Keune, A; Khanji, B; Kochebina, O; Komarov, V; Koopman, R F; Koppenburg, P; Korolev, M; Kozlinskiy, A; Kravchuk, L; Kreplin, K; Kreps, M; Krocker, G; Krokovny, P; Kruse, F; Kucharczyk, M; Kudryavtsev, V; Kvaratskheliya, T; La Thi, V N; Lacarrere, D; Lafferty, G; Lai, A; Lambert, D; Lambert, R W; Lanciotti, E; Lanfranchi, G; Langenbruch, C; Latham, T; Lazzeroni, C; Le Gac, R; van Leerdam, J; Lees, J -P; Lefèvre, R; Leflat, A; Lefrançois, J; Leroy, O; Lesiak, T; Li, Y; Li Gioi, L; Liles, M; Lindner, R; Linn, C; Liu, B; Liu, G; von Loeben, J; Lopes, J H; Lopez Asamar, E; Lopez-March, N; Lu, H; Luisier, J; Luo, H; Mac Raighne, A; Machefert, F; Machikhiliyan, I V; Maciuc, F; Maev, O; Maino, M; Malde, S; Manca, G; Mancinelli, G; Mangiafave, N; Marconi, U; Märki, R; Marks, J; Martellotti, G; Martens, A; Martin, L; Martín Sánchez, A; Martinelli, M; Martinez Santos, D; Martins Tostes, D; Massafferri, A; Matev, R; Mathe, Z; Matteuzzi, C; Matveev, M; Maurice, E; Mazurov, A; McCarthy, J; McNulty, R; Meadows, B; Meissner, M; Merk, M; Milanes, D A; Minard, M -N; Molina Rodriguez, J; Monteil, S; Moran, D; Morawski, P; Mountain, R; Mous, I; Muheim, F; Müller, K; Muresan, R; Muryn, B; Muster, B; Naik, P; Nakada, T; Nandakumar, R; Nasteva, I; Needham, M; Neufeld, N; Nguyen, A D; Nguyen, T D; Nguyen-Mau, C; Nicol, M; Niess, V; Nikitin, N; Nikodem, T; Nisar, S; Nomerotski, A; Novoselov, A; Oblakowska-Mucha, A; Obraztsov, V; Oggero, S; Ogilvy, S; Okhrimenko, O; Oldeman, R; Orlandea, M; Otalora Goicochea, J M; Owen, P; Pal, B K; Palano, A; Palutan, M; Panman, J; Papanestis, A; Pappagallo, M; Parkes, C; Parkinson, C J; Passaleva, G; Patel, G D; Patel, M; Patrick, G N; Patrignani, C; Pavel-Nicorescu, C; Pazos Alvarez, A; Pellegrino, A; Penso, G; Pepe Altarelli, M; Perazzini, S; Perego, D L; Perez Trigo, E; Pérez-Calero Yzquierdo, A; Perret, P; Perrin-Terrin, M; Pessina, G; Petridis, K; Petrolini, A; Phan, A; Picatoste Olloqui, E; Pietrzyk, B; Pilař, T; Pinci, D; Playfer, S; Plo Casasus, M; Polci, F; Polok, G; Poluektov, A; Polycarpo, E; Popov, D; Popovici, B; Potterat, C; Powell, A; Prisciandaro, J; Pugatch, V; Puig Navarro, A; Qian, W; Rademacker, J H; Rakotomiaramanana, B; Rangel, M S; Raniuk, I; Rauschmayr, N; Raven, G; Redford, S; Reid, M M; dos Reis, A C; Ricciardi, S; Richards, A; Rinnert, K; Rives Molina, V; Roa Romero, D A; Robbe, P; Rodrigues, E; Rodriguez Perez, P; Rogers, G J; Roiser, S; Romanovsky, V; Romero Vidal, A; Rouvinet, J; Ruf, T; Ruiz, H; Sabatino, G; Saborido Silva, J J; Sagidova, N; Sail, P; Saitta, B; Salzmann, C; Sanmartin Sedes, B; Sannino, M; Santacesaria, R; Santamarina Rios, C; Santovetti, E; Sapunov, M; Sarti, A; Satriano, C; Satta, A; Savrie, M; Schaack, P; Schiller, M; Schindler, H; Schleich, S; Schlupp, M; Schmelling, M; Schmidt, B; Schneider, O; Schopper, A; Schune, M -H; Schwemmer, R; Sciascia, B; Sciubba, A; Seco, M; Semennikov, A; Senderowska, K; Sepp, I; Serra, N; Serrano, J; Seyfert, P; Shapkin, M; Shapoval, I; Shatalov, P; Shcheglov, Y; Shears, T; Shekhtman, L; Shevchenko, O; Shevchenko, V; Shires, A; Silva Coutinho, R; Skwarnicki, T; Smith, N A; Smith, E; Smith, M; Sobczak, K; Sokoloff, M D; Soler, F J P; Soomro, F; Souza, D; Souza De Paula, B; Spaan, B; Sparkes, A; Spradlin, P; Stagni, F; Stahl, S; Steinkamp, O; Stoica, S; Stone, S; Storaci, B; Straticiuc, M; Straumann, U; Subbiah, V K; Swientek, S; Szczekowski, M; Szczypka, P; Szumlak, T; T'Jampens, S; Teklishyn, M; Teodorescu, E; Teubert, F; Thomas, C; Thomas, E; van Tilburg, J; Tisserand, V; Tobin, M; Tolk, S; Tonelli, D; Topp-Joergensen, S; Torr, N; Tournefier, E; Tourneur, S; Tran, M T; Tresch, M; Tsaregorodtsev, A; Tsopelas, P; Tuning, N; Ubeda Garcia, M; Ukleja, A; Urner, D; Uwer, U; Vagnoni, V; Valenti, G; Vazquez Gomez, R; Vazquez Regueiro, P; Vecchi, S; Velthuis, J J; Veltri, M; Veneziano, G; Vesterinen, M; Viaud, B; Vieira, D; Vilasis-Cardona, X; Vollhardt, A; Volyanskyy, D; Voong, D; Vorobyev, A; Vorobyev, V; Voß, C; Voss, H; Waldi, R; Wallace, R; Wandernoth, S; Wang, J; Ward, D R; Watson, N K; Webber, A D; Websdale, D; Whitehead, M; Wicht, J; Wiedner, D; Wiggers, L; Wilkinson, G; Williams, M P; Williams, M; Wilson, F F; Wishahi, J; Witek, M; Witzeling, W; Wotton, S A; Wright, S; Wu, S; Wyllie, K; Xie, Y; Xing, F; Xing, Z; Yang, Z; Young, R; Yuan, X; Yushchenko, O; Zangoli, M; Zavertyaev, M; Zhang, F; Zhang, L; Zhang, W C; Zhang, Y; Zhelezov, A; Zhong, L; Zvyagin, A

    2013-01-01

    We report a measurement of the time-dependent ratio of $D^0 \\to K^+\\pi^-$ to $D^0 \\to K^-\\pi^+$ decay rates in $D^{*+}$-tagged events using 1.0 fb$^{-1}$ of integrated luminosity recorded by the LHCb experiment. We measure the mixing parameters $x'^2=(-0.9 \\pm 1.3)$x$10^{-4}, y'=(7.2 \\pm 2.4)$x$10^{-3}$ and the ratio of doubly-Cabibbo-suppressed to Cabibbo-favored decay rates $R_D=(3.52 \\pm 0.15)$x$10^{-3}$, where the uncertainties include statistical and systematic sources. The result excludes the no-mixing hypothesis with a probability corresponding to 9.1 standard deviations and represents the first observation of $D^0-\\bar{D}^0$ oscillations from a single measurement.

  13. Development of a compact D-D neutron generator

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Z.-W.; Wang, J.-R.; Wei, Z.; Lu, X.-L.; Ma, Z.-W.; Ran, J.-L.; Zhang, Z.-M.; Yao, Z.-E.; Zhang, Y.

    2018-01-01

    A compact D-D neutron generator was developed at Lanzhou University, China. A duoplasmatron ion source was used to produce a higher-current deuteron beam. The deuteron beam could be accelerated up to 150 keV by a single accelerating gap, and bombarded on a pure molybdenum drive-in target to produce D-D fast neutron. A bias voltage between the target and the extraction-accelerating electrode was produced by a resistance to suppress the secondary electron from the target. The neutron generator has been operated for several hundred hours, and the performances were investigated. The available range of the deuteron beam current was 1.0-4.0 mA. EJ410 scintillator detector system was used to measure the fast neutron yields. D-D neutron yield could reach 2.48×108 n/s under the deuteron beam of 3 mA and 150 keV.

  14. Activated sludge model No. 2d, ASM2d

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henze, M.

    1999-01-01

    The Activated Sludge Model No. 2d (ASM2d) presents a model for biological phosphorus removal with simultaneous nitrification-denitrification in activated sludge systems. ASM2d is based on ASM2 and is expanded to include the denitrifying activity of the phosphorus accumulating organisms (PAOs......). This extension of ASM2 allows for improved modeling of the processes, especially with respect to the dynamics of nitrate and phosphate. (C) 1999 IAWQ Published by Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved....

  15. Supergravity tensor calculus in 5D from 6D

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kugo, Taichiro; Ohashi, Keisuke

    2000-01-01

    Supergravity tensor calculus in five spacetime dimensions is derived by dimensional reduction from the d=6 superconformal tensor calculus. In particular, we obtain an off-shell hypermultiplet in 5D from the on-shell hypermultiplet in 6D. Our tensor calculus retains the dilatation gauge symmetry, so that it is a trivial gauge fixing to make the Einstein term canonical in a general matter-Yang-Mills-supergravity coupled system. (author)

  16. D Photographs in Cultural Heritage

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuhr, W.; Lee, J. D.; Kiel, St.

    2013-07-01

    This paper on providing "oo-information" (= objective object-information) on cultural monuments and sites, based on 3D photographs is also a contribution of CIPA task group 3 to the 2013 CIPA Symposium in Strasbourg. To stimulate the interest in 3D photography for scientists as well as for amateurs, 3D-Masterpieces are presented. Exemplary it is shown, due to their high documentary value ("near reality"), 3D photography support, e.g. the recording, the visualization, the interpretation, the preservation and the restoration of architectural and archaeological objects. This also includes samples for excavation documentation, 3D coordinate calculation, 3D photographs applied for virtual museum purposes and as educational tools. In addition 3D photography is used for virtual museum purposes, as well as an educational tool and for spatial structure enhancement, which in particular holds for inscriptions and in rock arts. This paper is also an invitation to participate in a systematic survey on existing international archives of 3D photographs. In this respect it is also reported on first results, to define an optimum digitization rate for analog stereo views. It is more than overdue, in addition to the access to international archives for 3D photography, the available 3D photography data should appear in a global GIS(cloud)-system, like on, e.g., google earth. This contribution also deals with exposing new 3D photographs to document monuments of importance for Cultural Heritage, including the use of 3D and single lense cameras from a 10m telescope staff, to be used for extremely low earth based airborne 3D photography, as well as for "underwater staff photography". In addition it is reported on the use of captive balloon and drone platforms for 3D photography in Cultural Heritage. It is liked to emphasize, the still underestimated 3D effect on real objects even allows, e.g., the spatial perception of extremely small scratches as well as of nuances in color differences

  17. Vitamin D in allergic disorders

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna Pawlak

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Vitamin D is a factor that plays a significant role in calcium-phosphate balance. It has an effect on bone metabolism and also has modulator and anti-inflammatory activity. It is claimed that vitamin D inhibits immunological reactions with Th1 and Th17 lymphocytes. The influence of vitamin D on Th2 lymphocytes is not clear. The main effect of vitamin D is probably the activation of Treg lymphocytes. It was observed that vitamin D had a beneficial influence on diseases connected with excessive activation of Th1 lymphocytes, such as multiple sclerosis, rheumatoid arthritis, non-specific enteritis, diabetes type 1 or psoriasis. The role of vitamin D in allergic diseases, in which increased activation of Th2-dependent reactions are of great importance, is controversial. However, due to a wide range of vitamin D activity, this view seems to be simplified. A beneficial effect on the course of allergic diseases was observed in up-to-date studies although the role of vitamin D in their pathogenesis has not been explained yet. On the basis of recent studies and well-known mechanisms of vitamin D activity on particular elements of the immunological system, the influence of vitamin D on the course of chosen allergic diseases, such as allergic asthma, atopic dermatitis and allergic rhinitis was presented considering the possibility of contribution of allergen-specific immunotherapy.

  18. Humectancies of d-tagatose and d-sorbitol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Y

    2001-06-01

    Most toothpastes contain either d-sorbitol or glycerin, or both, as humectants. Both compounds are about half as sweet as sucrose. This level of sweetness is not as intense as desired by most people when brushing teeth. Therefore, many brands of toothpaste add saccharin, a high-intensity sweetener, to increase product sweetness to acceptable levels. While this combination provides the required bulk, humectancy and sweetness, the last characteristic suffers from the widely perceived metallic, or bitter, aftertaste of saccharin. d-tagatose, a full-bulk, low-calorie, sucrose-like sweetener with about twice the sweetness of d-sorbitol, and which does not promote tooth decay, holds promise as a sole sweetener for toothpastes. The only untested aspect of this use of d-tagatose was its humectancy, the characteristic that retains the required level of moisture in toothpaste. The current study was made to investigate this important property, to make a direct comparison of the humectancies of d-tagatose and d-sorbitol as pure substances, and to determine whether the humectancy of d-tagatose is sufficient to counter the crystallizing potentiation of the abrasives used in toothpastes. The humectancies of d-tagatose and d-sorbitol were tested through measuring their water activity (a(w)) vs. water content. By comparing their desorption curves, d-tagatose was seen to have a humectancy equal to that of d-sorbitol when a(w) in the d-tagatose solution was above 0.62. d-Tagatose was then tested in toothpastes containing typical abrasives to determine whether the abrasives would induce crystallization of the sweetener. The addition of 20-25% wt/wt of d-tagatose to the Tom of Maine's toothpastes imparted a satisfactory sweetness. It was found that, within that range of concentration, d-tagatose retained its humectancy, and did not crystallize in the popular brands of commercial toothpastes tested. Thus, d-tagatose could be used as a humectant sweetener in toothpastes, although further

  19. Transport of D-D fusion neutrons in thick concrete

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ku, L.P.; Kolibal, J.G.

    1982-07-01

    By altering the collision mechanism in the numerical transport calculations, and by constructing an analytical model based on age-diffusion theory, the outstanding feature in the life history of D-D fusion neutrons penetrating deeply into ordinary concrete is shown to be the transport in the 2.3 MeV oxygen anti-resonance. This result is used to assess the impact of the cross-section uncertainties and the uncertainties due to variations in the D-D fusion spectrum and temperature

  20. Hybrid 3D-2D printing for bone scaffolds fabrication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seleznev, V. A.; Prinz, V. Ya

    2017-02-01

    It is a well-known fact that bone scaffold topography on micro- and nanometer scale influences the cellular behavior. Nano-scale surface modification of scaffolds allows the modulation of biological activity for enhanced cell differentiation. To date, there has been only a limited success in printing scaffolds with micro- and nano-scale features exposed on the surface. To improve on the currently available imperfect technologies, in our paper we introduce new hybrid technologies based on a combination of 2D (nano imprint) and 3D printing methods. The first method is based on using light projection 3D printing and simultaneous 2D nanostructuring of each of the layers during the formation of the 3D structure. The second method is based on the sequential integration of preliminarily created 2D nanostructured films into a 3D printed structure. The capabilities of the developed hybrid technologies are demonstrated with the example of forming 3D bone scaffolds. The proposed technologies can be used to fabricate complex 3D micro- and nanostructured products for various fields.

  1. From 3 d duality to 2 d duality

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aharony, Ofer; Razamat, Shlomo S.; Willett, Brian

    2017-11-01

    In this paper we discuss 3 d N = 2 supersymmetric gauge theories and their IR dualities when they are compactified on a circle of radius r, and when we take the 2 d limit in which r → 0. The 2 d limit depends on how the mass parameters are scaled as r → 0, and often vacua become infinitely distant in the 2 d limit, leading to a direct sum of different 2 d theories. For generic mass parameters, when we take the same limit on both sides of a duality, we obtain 2 d dualities (between gauge theories and/or Landau-Ginzburg theories) that pass all the usual tests. However, when there are non-compact branches the discussion is subtle because the metric on the moduli space, which is not controlled by supersymmetry, plays an important role in the low-energy dynamics after compactification. Generally speaking, for IR dualities of gauge theories, we conjecture that dualities involving non-compact Higgs branches survive. On the other hand when there is a non-compact Coulomb branch on at least one side of the duality, the duality fails already when the 3 d theories are compactified on a circle. Using the valid reductions we reproduce many known 2 d IR dualities, giving further evidence for their validity, and we also find new 2 d dualities.

  2. PhD Dissertations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redazione Reti Medievali (a cura di

    2005-12-01

    Tra Riforma, vescovo e clientes. Camaldoli e le società locali (secoli XI-XIII, Tesi di dottorato di ricerca in Storia medievale, Università degli studi di Firenze, 2005 [09/05] Giuseppe Gardoni "Episcopus et potestas". Vescovi e società a Mantova nella prima metà del Duecento, Tesi di dottorato di ricerca in Storia del Cristianesimo e delle Chiese (antichità, medioevo, età moderna, Università degli Studi di Padova, 2005 Nicola Mancassola La gestione delle campagne tra Langobardia e Romània in età carolingia e post carolingia. La struttura delle aziende fondiarie in Emilia e Romagna, Tesi di dottorato in Storia Medievale, Università degli Studi di Bologna, 2005 Gloria Papaccio Storia e archeologia degli opifici idraulici in Val di Pesa. La Badia di Passignano e i suoi mulini (XI-XIV secolo, Tesi di dottorato di ricerca in Storia medievale, Università degli studi di Firenze, 2005 Adelaide Ricci La città e il suo ospedale: assetti urbani, dinamiche sociali e organizzazione del sistema caritativo-assistenziale a Cremona nel XV secolo, Tesi di dottorato di ricerca in Storia Medievale, Università degli studi di Torino, 2005 Luca Sant'Ambrogio Il borgo di Treviglio nel secondo Quattrocento: istituzioni e società, Tesi di dottorato di ricerca in Storia Medievale, Università degli Studi di Milano, 2005 Elisabetta Scarton Giovanni Lanfredini. Uomo d'affari e diplomatico nell'Italia del Quattrocento, Tesi di dottorato in Storia della società europea, Università degli Studi di Napoli "Federico II", 2005

  3. Herman D. Stein

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2005-11-01

    Full Text Available Herman Stein, President of the International Association of Schools of Social Work from 1968 - 1976, has for more than sixty years excelled as an educator, scholar, internationalist, university administrator, and leader in a variety of professional associations. From almost the beginning of his career, the world has been the stage on which he has played those many roles, all of them with an abundance of talent. In fact, while he was in the graduate program of what is now the Columbia University School of Social Work, he had to decide whether to become a social worker or an actor. As an undergraduate he became involved in student theatrical productions, where he teamed up with the famous comedian, Danny Kaye, who became a life-long companion and friend. At the end of Steins first year in the social work program, he was invited to join an off-Broadway variety show that helped to launch Kaye on his meteoric rise on both stage and screen. "If I´d joined," Stein has said, "the theater probably was going to be where I would make my career as a character actor." Fortunately for social work and social work education, he chose instead to continue his studies at the School of Social Work, from which he received his master's degree in 1941 and the doctoral degree in 1958. While the world has been his stage, education has been at the heart of his manifold activities. Following a period of direct service practice as a caseworker in a well-known private agency in New York City, he was recruited by the Columbia School of Social Work in 1945 as a faculty member. With an interruption for a significant overseas assignment from 1947 to 1950, he continued at Columbia for another fourteen years, rising through all professorial ranks to Professor and Director of the School's Research Center.

  4. Relating D0-anti-D0 Mixing and D0 -> l l- with New Physics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Golowich, Eugene; /Massachusetts U., Amherst; Hewett, JoAnne; /SLAC; Pakvasa, Sandip; /Hawaii U.; Petrov, Alexey A.; /Wayne State U. /Michigan U., MCTP

    2009-03-31

    We point out how, in certain models of New Physics, the same combination of couplings occurs in the amplitudes for both D{sup 0}-{bar D}{sup 0} mixing and the rare decays D{sup 0} {yields} {ell}{sup +}{ell}{sup -}. If the New Physics dominates and is responsible for the observed mixing, then a very simple correlation exists between the magnitudes of each; in fact the rates for the decay D{sup 0} {yields} {ell}{sup +}{ell}{sup -} are completely fixed by the mixing. Observation of D{sup 0} {yields} {ell}{sup +}{ell}{sup -} in excess of the Standard Model prediction could identify New Physics contributions to D{sup 0}-{bar D}{sup 0} mixing.

  5. Flood hazard assessment using 1D and 2D approaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petaccia, Gabriella; Costabile, Pierfranco; Macchione, Francesco; Natale, Luigi

    2013-04-01

    The EU flood risk Directive (Directive 2007/60/EC) prescribes risk assessment and mapping to develop flood risk management plans. Flood hazard mapping may be carried out with mathematical models able to determine flood-prone areas once realistic conditions (in terms of discharge or water levels) are imposed at the boundaries of the case study. The deterministic models are mainly based on shallow water equations expressed in their 1D or 2D formulation. The 1D approach is widely used, especially in technical studies, due to its relative simplicity, its computational efficiency and also because it requires topographical data not as expensive as the ones needed by 2D models. Even if in a great number of practical situations, such as modeling in-channel flows and not too wide floodplains, the 1D approach may provide results close to the prediction of a more sophisticated 2D model, it must be pointed out that the correct use of a 1D model in practical situations is more complex than it may seem. The main issues to be correctly modeled in a 1D approach are the definition of hydraulic structures such as bridges and buildings interacting with the flow and the treatment of the tributaries. Clearly all these aspects have to be taken into account also in the 2D modeling, but with fewer difficulties. The purpose of this paper is to show how the above cited issues can be described using a 1D or 2D unsteady flow modeling. In particular the Authors will show the devices that have to be implemented in 1D modeling to get reliable predictions of water levels and discharges comparable to the ones obtained using a 2D model. Attention will be focused on an actual river (Crati river) located in the South of Italy. This case study is quite complicated since it deals with the simulation of channeled flows, overbank flows, interactions with buildings, bridges and tributaries. Accurate techniques, intentionally developed by the Authors to take into account all these peculiarities in 1D and 2

  6. Tachyon condensation in the D0/D4 system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    David, Justin R.

    2000-01-01

    The D0/D4 system with a Neveu-Schwarz B-field in the spatial directions of the D4-brane has a tachyon in the spectrum of the (0,4) strings. The tachyon signals the instability of the system to form a bound state of the D0-brane with the D4-brane. We use the Wess-Zumino-Witten like open superstring field theory formulated by Berkovits to study the tachyon potential for this system. The tachyon potential lies outside the universality class of the D-brane anti-D-brane system. It is a function of the B-field. We calculate the tachyon potential at the zeroth level approximation. The minimum of the tachyon potential in this case is expected to reproduce the mass defect involved in the formation of the D0/D4 bound state. We compare the minimum of the tachyon potential with the mass defect in three cases. For small values of the B-field we obtain 70% of the expected mass defect. For large values of the B-field with Pf(2πα' B) > 0 the potential reduces to that of the D-brane anti-D-brane reproducing 62% of the expected mass defect. For large values of the B-field with Pf(2πα' B) < 0 the minimum of the tachyon potential gives 25% of the expected mass defect. At the tachyon condensate we show that the (0,4) strings decouple from the low energy dynamics. (author)

  7. Vitamin D: present and future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varsavsky, M; Alonso, G; García-Martín, A

    2014-10-01

    In recent years has been a growing interest by vitamin D, not only for its important role in the bone mineral metabolism, but also by the extra-osseous effects. Most of the scientific societies consider that deposits are sufficient if the serum concentration of 25-OH vitamin D is above 30ng/ml and are considered deficient if levels are below 20ng/ml. The majority of studies found that supplements of calcium plus vitamin D have a positive effect in reducing the risk of fracture and the risk of falls in the elderly, although several specifies that doses should be 700-1.000 IU daily. The treatment of the deficit can be performed with vitamin D2, D3 as well as calcidiol or the active metabolite calcitriol. In certain pathologies also selective vitamin D receptor activators can be used. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier España, S.L. All rights reserved.

  8. Vitamin D in prostate cancer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trump, Donald L; Aragon-Ching, Jeanny B

    2018-04-13

    Signaling through the vitamin D receptor has been shown to be biologically active and important in a number of preclinical studies in prostate and other cancers. Epidemiologic data also indicate that vitamin D signaling may be important in the cause and prognosis of prostate and other cancers. These data indicate that perturbation of vitamin D signaling may be a target for the prevention and treatment of prostate cancer. Large studies of vitamin D supplementation will be required to determine whether these observations can be translated into prevention strategies. This paper reviews the available data in the use of vitamin D compounds in the treatment of prostate cancer. Clinical data are limited which support the use of vitamin D compounds in the management of men with prostate cancer. However, clinical trials guided by existing preclinical data are limited.

  9. Vitamin D in prostate cancer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Donald L Trump

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Signaling through the vitamin D receptor has been shown to be biologically active and important in a number of preclinical studies in prostate and other cancers. Epidemiologic data also indicate that vitamin D signaling may be important in the cause and prognosis of prostate and other cancers. These data indicate that perturbation of vitamin D signaling may be a target for the prevention and treatment of prostate cancer. Large studies of vitamin D supplementation will be required to determine whether these observations can be translated into prevention strategies. This paper reviews the available data in the use of vitamin D compounds in the treatment of prostate cancer. Clinical data are limited which support the use of vitamin D compounds in the management of men with prostate cancer. However, clinical trials guided by existing preclinical data are limited.

  10. 3-D Vector Flow Imaging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holbek, Simon

    , if this significant reduction in the element count can still provide precise and robust 3-D vector flow estimates in a plane. The study concludes that the RC array is capable of estimating precise 3-D vector flow both in a plane and in a volume, despite the low channel count. However, some inherent new challenges...... ultrasonic vector flow estimation and bring it a step closer to a clinical application. A method for high frame rate 3-D vector flow estimation in a plane using the transverse oscillation method combined with a 1024 channel 2-D matrix array is presented. The proposed method is validated both through phantom...... hampers the task of real-time processing. In a second study, some of the issue with the 2-D matrix array are solved by introducing a 2-D row-column (RC) addressing array with only 62 + 62 elements. It is investigated both through simulations and via experimental setups in various flow conditions...

  11. Vitamin D in prostate cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trump, Donald L; Aragon-Ching, Jeanny B

    2018-01-01

    Signaling through the vitamin D receptor has been shown to be biologically active and important in a number of preclinical studies in prostate and other cancers. Epidemiologic data also indicate that vitamin D signaling may be important in the cause and prognosis of prostate and other cancers. These data indicate that perturbation of vitamin D signaling may be a target for the prevention and treatment of prostate cancer. Large studies of vitamin D supplementation will be required to determine whether these observations can be translated into prevention strategies. This paper reviews the available data in the use of vitamin D compounds in the treatment of prostate cancer. Clinical data are limited which support the use of vitamin D compounds in the management of men with prostate cancer. However, clinical trials guided by existing preclinical data are limited. PMID:29667615

  12. Drug: D01413 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D01413 Drug Estradiol valerate (JAN/USP/INN); Deladumone (TN) ... C23H32O3 D01413.gif ... Other ... DG01584 ... Estr...ogen receptor agonist ... DG01986 ... Estrogen Cyp substrate ... DG01892 ... CYP1A2 substrate ... D...G01633 ... CYP3A substrate Same as: C12859 Therapeutic category: 2473 ATC code: G03CA03 Chemical group: DG00462 ... Estr

  13. Drug: D04065 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D04065 Drug Estradiol undecylate (USAN/INN); Delestrec (TN) ... C29H44O3 D04065.gif ... ...0]; NR3A2 (ESR2) [HSA:2100] [KO:K08551] ... CAS: 3571-53-7 PubChem: 47206022 ChEMBL: CHEMBL1697794 DrugBank: DB00783 LigandBox: D04065 NIKKAJI: J8.162K ...

  14. Drug: D05743 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D05743 Drug Rodocaine (USAN) ... C18H25ClN2O D05743.gif ... Neuropsychiatric agent ... DG02030 ... Anesthetic...s ... DG01675 ... Local anesthetic ... DG01673 ... Amide type local anesthetic ... DG01675 ... Local anesthetic... ... DG01673 ... Amide type local anesthetic ... CAS: 38821-80-6 PubChem: 47207404 ChEMBL: CHEMBL2105238 LigandBox: D05743 NIKKAJI: J244.509C ...

  15. Drug: D03719 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D03719 Drug Dexivacaine (USAN/INN) ... C15H22N2O D03719.gif ... Neuropsychiatric agent ... DG02030 ... Anesthetic...s ... DG01675 ... Local anesthetic ... DG01673 ... Amide type local anesthetic ... DG01675 ... Local anesthetic... ... DG01673 ... Amide type local anesthetic ... CAS: 24358-84-7 PubChem: 17397810 ChEMBL: CHEMBL2104634 LigandBox: D03719 NIKKAJI: J16.719C ...

  16. Drug: D07284 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D07284 Drug Butanilicaine (INN) ... C13H19ClN2O D07284.gif ... Neuropsychiatric agent ... DG02030 ... Anesthetic...s ... DG01675 ... Local anesthetic ... DG01673 ... Amide type local anesthetic ... DG01675 ... Local anesthetic... ... DG01673 ... Amide type local anesthetic ATC code: N01BB05 ... CAS: 3785-21-5 PubChem: 51091621 ChEBI: 55518 ChEMBL: CHEMBL2104238 LigandBox: D07284 NIKKAJI: J8.254F ...

  17. 3D Spectroscopy in Astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mediavilla, Evencio; Arribas, Santiago; Roth, Martin; Cepa-Nogué, Jordi; Sánchez, Francisco

    2011-09-01

    Preface; Acknowledgements; 1. Introductory review and technical approaches Martin M. Roth; 2. Observational procedures and data reduction James E. H. Turner; 3. 3D Spectroscopy instrumentation M. A. Bershady; 4. Analysis of 3D data Pierre Ferruit; 5. Science motivation for IFS and galactic studies F. Eisenhauer; 6. Extragalactic studies and future IFS science Luis Colina; 7. Tutorials: how to handle 3D spectroscopy data Sebastian F. Sánchez, Begona García-Lorenzo and Arlette Pécontal-Rousset.

  18. Drug: D10001 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D10001 Drug Fingolimod (INN); Gilenya (TN) ... C19H33NO2 D10001.gif ... ATC code: L04...AA27 Chemical group: DG00741 ... Sphingosine [CPD:C00319] analog S1PR1 [HSA:1901] [KO:K04288] ... CAS: 162359-55-9 PubChem: 135626722 ChEBI: 63115 ChEMBL: CHEMBL314854 LigandBox: D10001 ...

  19. Drug: D10008 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D10008 Drug Fispemifene (USAN/INN) ... C26H27ClO3 D10008.gif ... Other ... DG01619 ... Clomi...ary tract symptoms NR3A1 (ESR1) [HSA:2099] [KO:K08550]; NR3A2 (ESR2) [HSA:2100] [KO:K08551] ... CAS: 341524-89-8 PubChem: 135626729 ChEMBL: CHEMBL2107341 LigandBox: D10008 ...

  20. Drug: D03636 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D03636 Drug Cystine (USAN/INN); L-Cystine (JAN) ... C6H12N2O4S2 D03636.gif ... Other ... ...DG01672 ... Amino acid Same as: C00491 ... CAS: 56-89-3 PubChem: 47205875 ChEBI: 16283 ChEMBL: CHEMBL590540 DrugBank: DB00138 LigandBox: D03636 NIKKAJI: J9.172C ...

  1. Recent DIII-D results

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Petersen, P.I.

    1994-07-01

    This paper summarizes the recent DIII-D experimental results and the development of the relevant hardware systems. The DIII-D program focuses on divertor solutions for next generation tokamaks such as International Thermo-nuclear Experimental Reactor (ITER) and Tokamak Physics Experiment (TPX), and on developing configurations with enhanced confinement and stability properties that will lead to a more compact and economical fusion reactor. The DIII-D program carries out this research in an integrated fashion

  2. Drug: D09931 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D09931 Drug Mibampator (USAN/INN) ... C21H30N2O4S2 D09931.gif ... Agitation/aggression associated with Alzh...eimer's disease GRIA [HSA:2890 2891 2892 2893] [KO:K05197 K05198 K05199 K05200] ... CAS: 375345-95-2 PubChem: 135626665 ChEMBL: CHEMBL1277001 LigandBox: D09931 ...

  3. Education Payload Operation - Kit D

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keil, Matthew

    2009-01-01

    Education Payload Operation - Kit D (EPO-Kit D) includes education items that will be used to support the live International Space Station (ISS) education downlinks and Education Payload Operation (EPO) demonstrations onboard the ISS. The main objective of EPO-Kit D supports the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) goal of attracting students to study and seek careers in science, technology, engineering, and mathematics.

  4. Drug: D09363 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D09363 Drug Otenabant hydrochloride (USAN) ... C25H25Cl2N7O. HCl D09363.gif ... Other ... DG01706 ... Antiobesity... ... DG01705 ... Anoretic ... DG01754 ... Cannabinoid receptor inverse agonist Chemical group: DG01351 ... Treatment of obe...sity CNR1 [HSA:1268] [KO:K04277] ... CAS: 686347-12-6 PubChem: 96026043 ChEMBL: CHEMBL2103817 LigandBox: D09363 ...

  5. Drug: D08247 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D08247 Drug Nalorphine (INN); Nalorphine serb (TN) ... C19H21NO3 D08247.gif ... Analgesic ... DG01586 ... Opioid receptor antagonist Other ... DG01718 ... Drugs for addictive disorder ... DG01717 ... Drugs for opioid dependence Same as: C11787 ATC code: V03AB02 Chemical group: DG01151 ... CAS: 62-67-9 PubChem: 96024935 ChEBI: 7458 ChEMBL: CHEMBL415284 LigandBox: D08247 NIKKAJI: J4.825I ...

  6. Drug: D08016 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D08016 Drug Ferrous sulfate glycine; Ferro sanol (TN) ... SO4. (C2H4NO2)2. 2H. Fe D0801...6.gif ... Cardiovascular agent ... DG01694 ... Iron preparation ATC code: B03AA01 ... CAS: 14729-84-1 PubChem: 96024709 ChEMBL: CHEMBL3707208 LigandBox: D08016 NIKKAJI: J369.082B ...

  7. Worldwide status of vitamin D nutrition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lips, P.T.A.M.

    2010-01-01

    The vitamin D status depends on the production of vitamin D3 in the skin under the influence of ultraviolet radiation and vitamin D intake through the diet or vitamin D supplements. The serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentration is the parameter of choice for the assessment of vitamin D

  8. Les découvreurs

    CERN Document Server

    Boorstin, Daniel

    1986-01-01

    Sous une forme vivante, enlevée, très personnelle, Les Découvreurs raconte la plus grande épopée de l'homme : celle de sa quête pour découvrir le monde qui l'entoure. Daniel Boorstin s'écarte volontairement de la traditionnelle et fastidieuse énumération des batailles, des naissances d'empires et des grands règnes : avec lui, l'histoire de notre monde devient une féerie de découvertes et de commencements. En chaque découverte d'importance, que ce soit celle de l'Amérique par Christophe Colomb ou celle de la relativité par Einstein, il voit un épisode d'une biographie. Les héros de la saga qu'il nous raconte sont des hommes dotés d'une insatiable frénésie de connaissance et d'un courage exemplaire pour affronter l'inconnu. Daniel Boorstin nous fait découvrir sous un jour nouveau des noms familiers : Hérodote, Ptolémée, Marco Polo, Copernic, Newton, Marx, Freud, et ressuscite également quelques figures remarquables oubliées de l'histoire. Pour quelles raisons les Chinois n'ont-ils pas...

  9. Drug: D04349 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D04349 Drug Lactomin (JAN); Lactobacillus acidophilus; Biolact (TN) ... Enterococcus faecalis [TAX...:1351], Enterococcus faecium [TAX:1352], Lactobacillus acidophilus [TAX:1579], Lactobacillus bulgaricus [TAX

  10. Drug: D10385 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available vastatin [DR:D07474]) ... Cardiovascular agent ... DG01946 ... Hypolipidemic agent Therapeutic category: 2189 ATC code: C10BA05 ... Antihypercholesterolemia ... PubChem: 172232478 ...

  11. Vitamin D Status in Korea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Han Seok Choi

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The majority of the vitamin D in our body is produced by cutaneous synthesis in response to sunlight. As more and more people live in cities and spend the bulk of their time indoors, it can be difficult to get sufficient sun exposure for adequate cutaneous production of vitamin D. Therefore, vitamin D insufficiency has become a very common health problem worldwide. The Korea National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV 2008 showed that the prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency, defined as a serum 25-hydroxyvitamin D [25(OHD] level below 50 nmol/L, was 47.3% in males and 64.5% in females. Only 13.2% of males and 6.7% of females had a serum 25(OHD level of greater than 75 nmol/L. In Korea, vitamin D insufficiency was more prevalent in young adults than in elderly people, likely due to the indoor lifestyle of younger people. Compared with the United States and Canada, Korea has a lower mean 25(OHD level and a higher prevalence of vitamin D insufficiency. To improve the vitamin D status of the Korean population, more aggressive policies on food fortification and vitamin D supplementation are needed.

  12. Drug: D02994 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D02994 Drug Rituximab (USAN/INN); Rituximab (genetical recombination) (JAN); Ritux...imab (genetical recombination) [Rituximab biosimilar 1] (JAN); Rituxan (TN) ... Therapeutic category: 429

  13. Drug: D06120 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D06120 Drug Thyrotropin alfa (USAN/INN); Thyrotropin alfa (genetical recombination...) (JAN); Thyrotropin human alfa (genetical recombination); Thyrogen (TN) ... Therapeutic category: 7990 A

  14. Vitamin D and Your Child

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Pregnant or Breastfeeding? Nutrients You Need Eating During Pregnancy Sun Safety Figuring Out Food Labels Nutrition Guide for Toddlers Osteoporosis Minerals Your Bones Vitamin D Vitamins and Minerals ...

  15. Using 3D in Visualization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wood, Jo; Kirschenbauer, Sabine; Döllner, Jürgen

    2005-01-01

    to display 3D imagery. The extra cartographic degree of freedom offered by using 3D is explored and offered as a motivation for employing 3D in visualization. The use of VR and the construction of virtual environments exploit navigational and behavioral realism, but become most usefil when combined...... with abstracted representations embedded in a 3D space. The interactions between development of geovisualization, the technology used to implement it and the theory surrounding cartographic representation are explored. The dominance of computing technologies, driven particularly by the gaming industry...

  16. CAT-D-T tokamaks

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Greenspan, E.; Blue, T.; Miley, G.H.

    1981-01-01

    The domains of plasma fuel cycles bounded by the D-T and Cat-D, and by the D-T and SCD modes of operation are examined. These domains, referred to as, respectively, the Cat-D-T and SCD-T modes of operation, are characterized by the number (γ) of tritons per fusion neutron available from external (to the plasma) sources. Two external tritium sources are considered - the blankets of the Cat-D-T (SCD-T) reactors and fission reactors supported by the Cat-D-T (SCD-T) driven hybrid reactors. It is found that by using 6 Li for the active material of the control elements of the fission reactors, it is possible to achieve γ values close to unity. Cat-D-T tokamaks could be designed to have smaller size, higher power density, lower magnetic field and even lower plasma temperature than Cat-D tokamaks; the difference becomes significant for γ greater than or equal to .75. The SCD-T mode of operation appears to be even more attractive. Promising applications identified for these Cat-D-T and SCD-T modes of operation include hybrid reactors, fusion synfuel factories and fusion reactors which have difficulty in providing all their tritium needs

  17. Drug: D03272 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ascular agent ... DG02016 ... Hemostatics ... DG02015 ... Vascular reinforcement Therapeutic category: 3321 ... Carbazochrome derivative ... PubChem: 17397424 LigandBox: D03272 ...

  18. Qademah Fault 3D Survey

    KAUST Repository

    Hanafy, Sherif M.

    2014-01-01

    Objective: Collect 3D seismic data at Qademah Fault location to 1. 3D traveltime tomography 2. 3D surface wave migration 3. 3D phase velocity 4. Possible reflection processing Acquisition Date: 26 – 28 September 2014 Acquisition Team: Sherif, Kai, Mrinal, Bowen, Ahmed Acquisition Layout: We used 288 receiver arranged in 12 parallel lines, each line has 24 receiver. Inline offset is 5 m and crossline offset is 10 m. One shot is fired at each receiver location. We use the 40 kgm weight drop as seismic source, with 8 to 15 stacks at each shot location.

  19. 3-D printers for libraries

    CERN Document Server

    Griffey, Jason

    2014-01-01

    As the maker movement continues to grow and 3-D printers become more affordable, an expanding group of hobbyists is keen to explore this new technology. In the time-honored tradition of introducing new technologies, many libraries are considering purchasing a 3-D printer. Jason Griffey, an early enthusiast of 3-D printing, has researched the marketplace and seen several systems first hand at the Consumer Electronics Show. In this report he introduces readers to the 3-D printing marketplace, covering such topics asHow fused deposition modeling (FDM) printing workBasic terminology such as build

  20. Development of a D-D Neutron Generator

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kim, In Jung; Jung, Hwa Dong; Park, Chang Su; Jung, Nam Suk; Jung, Soon Wook; Hwang, Y. S.; Choi, H. D.

    2007-01-01

    To enhance neutron yield, the ion source of the D-D neutron generator is replaced by a large current helicon plasma ion source. Current and energy of deuteron beam are increased, and hence neutron yield is enhanced. The maximum neutron yield is 2x10 8 n/s

  1. 3D Elevation Program—Virtual USA in 3D

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lukas, Vicki; Stoker, J.M.

    2016-04-14

    The U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) 3D Elevation Program (3DEP) uses a laser system called ‘lidar’ (light detection and ranging) to create a virtual reality map of the Nation that is very accurate. 3D maps have many uses with new uses being discovered all the time.  

  2. Distillable entanglement in d circle times d dimensions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hamieh, S; Zaraket, H

    2003-01-01

    Distillable entanglement (E-d) is one of the acceptable measures of entanglement of mixed states. On the basis of discrimination through local operation and classical communication, this letter gives E-d for two classes of orthogonal multipartite maximally entangled states.

  3. D0 - D0bar mixing: theory basics

    OpenAIRE

    Guadagnoli, Diego

    2007-01-01

    I discuss how the novel experimental data on D0 - D0bar mixing can be combined to provide information on the fundamental theoretical quantities describing the mixing itself. I then discuss the theoretical impact of the new data, focusing in particular on the MSSM.

  4. 4d N=1 from 6d (1,0)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Razamat, Shlomo S. [Physics Department, Technion,Haifa, 32000 (Israel); Vafa, Cumrun [Jefferson Physical Laboratory, Harvard University,Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Zafrir, Gabi [Physics Department, Technion,Haifa, 32000 (Israel); Kavli IPMU (WPI), UTIAS, the University of Tokyo,Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8583 (Japan)

    2017-04-11

    We study the geometry of 4d N=1 SCFT’s arising from compactification of 6d (1,0) SCFT’s on a Riemann surface. We show that the conformal manifold of the resulting theory is characterized, in addition to moduli of complex structure of the Riemann surface, by the choice of a connection for a vector bundle on the surface arising from flavor symmetries in 6d. We exemplify this by considering the case of 4d N=1 SCFT’s arising from M5 branes probing ℤ{sub k} singularity compactified on a Riemann surface. In particular, we study in detail the four dimensional theories arising in the case of two M5 branes on ℤ{sub 2} singularity. We compute the conformal anomalies and indices of such theories in 4d and find that they are consistent with expectations based on anomaly and the moduli structure derived from the 6 dimensional perspective.

  5. Hiperparatiroidismo secundario al déficit de vitamina D

    OpenAIRE

    López-Ramiro, E.; Rubert, M.; Mahillo, I.; de la Piedra, C.

    2016-01-01

    Introducción: Cada vez está más demostrado el papel de la vitamina D en múltiples patologías, una de ellas el desarrollo de un hiperparatiroidismo secundario al déficit de vitamina D. Los métodos de laboratorio de cuantificación de vitamina D en suero no estaban bien estandarizados hasta ahora, por lo que no podía establecerse con certeza a partir de qué niveles de vitamina D se producían determinadas anomalías como la elevación de la PTH. Nuestro estudio pretende determinar por debajo de qué...

  6. Site characterization of ORNL D ampersand D facilities

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kelsey, A.P.; Mandry, G.J.; Haghighi, M.H.

    1994-01-01

    Site characterization for decontamination and decommissioning (D ampersand D) planning purposes was done for two surplus facilities at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in late 1993 and early 1994. This site characterization includes measurements of radiological and chemical contaminants, assessment of general structural conditions, and investigation of unknown conditions within the buildings. It will serve as input to decisions on D ampersand D engineering, D ampersand D task sequences, radiological and contamination control, and waste management. This paper presents the methods used to investigate these facilities and discusses the preliminary results as they apply to D ampersand D planning. Investigation methods include gross alpha, beta, and gamma surveys; directional gamma surveys; gamma spectroscopy; concrete coring; photography; and collection of soil and miscellaneous samples that are analyzed for radiological and chemical contaminants. Data will be analyzed using radiological models to sort sources and estimate exposure rates and waste volumes due to D ampersand D. The former Waste Evaporator Facility (WEF), consisting of two concrete cells and an operating gallery, once contained a liquid radwaste evaporator. Subsequently it was used for an incinerator experiment and as a dressing area for remediation work on an adjacent tank farm. The building has been partially decontaminated. Figure 1 is a photograph of the WEF. The Fission Product Pilot Plant (FPPP) is a small concrete building containing two cells. It was used to extract isotopes of ruthenium, strontium, cesium, cerium, and other elements from liquid waste. This facility is highly contaminated. In 1960 all doors into FPPP were sealed with concrete block and mortar, and concrete block shielding was added to the external walls making them up to five feet thick. Prior to this study, almost nothing was known about the interior of this building

  7. The Rocky Flats Decontamination and Decommissioning (D and D) Challenge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Parker, A.M.; Mathis, B.W.; Stevens, J.L.

    1999-01-01

    At the Rocky Flats Environmental Technology Site (RFETS), the D and D task is enormous. Tons of plutonium has been processed over the years in approximately 1,000 gloveboxes, This represents nearly half of the gloveboxes in the DOE complex. In addition, more than a thousand tanks of various designs, with miles of associated piping, supported the processes. A wide variety of operations were performed at RFETS, including aqueous processing, pyrophoric processing, hydriding and dehydriding, metal casting, and machining of plutonium. Various materials have been handled at the facility, including plutonium, uranium, americium, tantalum, beryllium, chloride salts, and various acids and solvents. Significant amounts of plutonium residues remain in inaccessible equipment in the facilities, which create criticality safety issues. Some of the plutonium has been at RFETS for many years, and there is significant in-growth of americium, a decay product that emits gamma radiation, which potentially increases exposure to the workers. The size reduction portion of the D and D will be difficult and costly. The gloveboxes and tanks are constructed of stainless steel, frequently with lead shielding or double walls that hold water for neutron shielding. Window mountings, glove port rings, site gages, bolted flanges, and various penetrations reinforce the walls. Tanks may be filled with berated glass rings for criticality control, or double walled to hold the process fluid in the space between walls. The gloveboxes and tanks are generally tall enough to require workers to stand on scaffolding or platforms to perform D and D. Gloveboxes and tanks were individually constructed over a span of many years with evolving design specifications; therefore, most gloveboxes are unique and few tank designs are duplicated in more than pairs. This paper describes the cultural transition and technical approaches taken for D and D at RFETS to achieve 2006 closure. Specific emphasis is placed on

  8. Vitamin D: A millenium perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Holick, Michael F

    2003-02-01

    Vitamin D is one of the oldest hormones that have been made in the earliest life forms for over 750 million years. Phytoplankton, zooplankton, and most plants and animals that are exposed to sunlight have the capacity to make vitamin D. Vitamin D is critically important for the development, growth, and maintenance of a healthy skeleton from birth until death. The major function of vitamin D is to maintain calcium homeostasis. It accomplishes this by increasing the efficiency of the intestine to absorb dietary calcium. When there is inadequate calcium in the diet to satisfy the body's calcium requirement, vitamin D communicates to the osteoblasts that signal osteoclast precursors to mature and dissolve the calcium stored in the bone. Vitamin D is metabolized in the liver and then in the kidney to 1,25-dihydroxyvitamin D [1,25(OH)(2)D]. 1,25(OH)(2)D receptors (VDR) are present not only in the intestine and bone, but in a wide variety of other tissues, including the brain, heart, stomach, pancreas, activated T and B lymphocytes, skin, gonads, etc. 1,25(OH)(2)D is one of the most potent substances to inhibit proliferation of both normal and hyperproliferative cells and induce them to mature. It is also recognized that a wide variety of tissues, including colon, prostate, breast, and skin have the enzymatic machinery to produce 1,25(OH)(2)D. 1,25(OH)(2)D and its analogs have been developed for treating the hyperproliferative disease psoriasis. Vitamin D deficiency is a major unrecognized health problem. Not only does it cause rickets in children, osteomalacia and osteoporosis in adults, but may have long lasting effects. Chronic vitamin D deficiency may have serious adverse consequences, including increased risk of hypertension, multiple sclerosis, cancers of the colon, prostate, breast, and ovary, and type 1 diabetes. There needs to be a better appreciation of the importance of vitamin D for overall health and well being. Copyright 2002 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  9. From 2D to 3D turbulence through 2D3C configurations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buzzicotti, Michele; Biferale, Luca; Linkmann, Moritz

    2017-11-01

    We study analytically and numerically the geometry of the nonlinear interactions and the resulting energy transfer directions of 2D3C flows. Through a set of suitably designed Direct Numerical Simulations we also study the coupling between several 2D3C flows, where we explore the transition between 2D and fully 3D turbulence. In particular, we find that the coupling of three 2D3C flows on mutually orthogonal planes subject to small-scale forcing leads to a stationary 3D out-of-equilibrium dynamics at the energy containing scales where the inverse cascade is directly balanced by a forward cascade carried by a different subsets of interactions. ERC AdG Grant No 339032 NewTURB.

  10. Experimental search for B=2, T=0 states in the d+d->d+X reaction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Combes, M.P.; Berthet, P.; Frascaria, R.; Perdrisat, C.F.; Tatischeff, B.; Willis, N.; Aslanides, E.; Hibou, F.; Bing, O.; Beurtey, R.; Boivin, M.; Hutcheon, D.; Le Bornec, Y.; Fabbri, F.; Picozza, P.; Satta, L.; Yonnet, J.

    1984-01-01

    A search for isoscalar dibaryonic resonances by means of missing-mass spectra in the d + d -> d + X reaction has been attempted using deuteron beams of T = 2.29, 2.00 and 1.65 GeV. The results do not show any evidence for a narrow peak with a limit of 30 nb/GeV 2 for a 15 MeV width or a broad enhancement which could be unambiguously attributed to a dibaryonic resonance. (orig.)

  11. Quasi 3D dosimetry (EPID, conventional 2D/3D detector matrices)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bäck, A

    2015-01-01

    Patient specific pretreatment measurement for IMRT and VMAT QA should preferably give information with a high resolution in 3D. The ability to distinguish complex treatment plans, i.e. treatment plans with a difference between measured and calculated dose distributions that exceeds a specified tolerance, puts high demands on the dosimetry system used for the pretreatment measurements and the results of the measurement evaluation needs a clinical interpretation. There are a number of commercial dosimetry systems designed for pretreatment IMRT QA measurements. 2D arrays such as MapCHECK ® (Sun Nuclear), MatriXX Evolution (IBA Dosimetry) and OCTAVIOUS ® 1500 (PTW), 3D phantoms such as OCTAVIUS ® 4D (PTW), ArcCHECK ® (Sun Nuclear) and Delta 4 (ScandiDos) and software for EPID dosimetry and 3D reconstruction of the dose in the patient geometry such as EPIDose TM (Sun Nuclear) and Dosimetry Check TM (Math Resolutions) are available. None of those dosimetry systems can measure the 3D dose distribution with a high resolution (full 3D dose distribution). Those systems can be called quasi 3D dosimetry systems. To be able to estimate the delivered dose in full 3D the user is dependent on a calculation algorithm in the software of the dosimetry system. All the vendors of the dosimetry systems mentioned above provide calculation algorithms to reconstruct a full 3D dose in the patient geometry. This enables analyzes of the difference between measured and calculated dose distributions in DVHs of the structures of clinical interest which facilitates the clinical interpretation and is a promising tool to be used for pretreatment IMRT QA measurements. However, independent validation studies on the accuracy of those algorithms are scarce. Pretreatment IMRT QA using the quasi 3D dosimetry systems mentioned above rely on both measurement uncertainty and accuracy of calculation algorithms. In this article, these quasi 3D dosimetry systems and their use in patient specific

  12. Temperature derivatives for fusion reactivity of D-D and D-T

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Langenbrunner, James R. [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States); Makaruk, Hanna Ewa [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2016-11-29

    Deuterium-tritium (D-T) and deuterium-deuterium (D-D) fusion reaction rates are observable using leakage gamma flux. A direct measurement of γ-rays with equipment that exhibits fast temporal response could be used to infer temperature, if the detector signal is amenable for taking the logarithmic time-derivative, alpha. We consider the temperature dependence for fusion cross section reactivity.

  13. Experimental subcritical facility driven by D-D/D-T neutron generator at BARC, India

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sinha, Amar, E-mail: image@barc.gov.in; Roy, Tushar; Kashyap, Yogesh; Ray, Nirmal; Shukla, Mayank; Patel, Tarun; Bajpai, Shefali; Sarkar, P.S.; Bishnoi, Saroj

    2015-05-01

    Highlights: •Experimental subcritical facility BRAHMMA coupled to D-D/D-T neutron generator. •Preliminary results of PNS experiments reported. •Feynman-alpha noise measurements explored with continuous source. -- Abstract: The paper presents design of an experimental subcritical assembly driven by D-D/D-T neutron and preliminary experimental measurements. The system has been developed for investigating the static and dynamic neutronic properties of accelerator driven sub-critical systems. This system is modular in design and it is first in the series of subcritical assemblies being designed. The subcritical core consists of natural uranium fuel with high density polyethylene as moderator and beryllium oxide as reflector. The fuel is embedded in high density polyethylene moderator matrix. Estimated k{sub eff} of the system is ∼0.89. One of the unique features of subcritical core is the use of Beryllium oxide (BeO) as reflector and HDPE as moderator making the assembly a compact modular system. The subcritical core is coupled to Purnima Neutron Generator which works in D-D and D-T mode with both DC and pulsed operation. It has facility for online source strength monitoring using neutron tagging and programmable source modulation. Preliminary experiments have been carried out for spatial flux measurement and reactivity estimation using pulsed neutron source (PNS) techniques with D-D neutrons. Further experiments are being planned to measure the reactivity and other kinetic parameters using noise methods. This facility would also be used for carrying out studies on effect of source importance and measurement of source multiplication factor k{sub s} and external neutron source efficiency φ{sup ∗} in great details. Experiments with D-T neutrons are also underway.

  14. Effect of Exogenous _D-Alanine on _D-Alanyl-_D-alanine Content in Leaf Blades of Oryza australiensis Domin

    OpenAIRE

    Hisashi, Manabe; Aizu Junior College of Fukushima Prefecture

    1986-01-01

    In seedlings of Oryza australiensis Domin (W0008), most of the D-alanyl-D-alanine was distributed in the leaf blades. In excised leaf blades of W0008, exogenous D-alanine was incorporated into D-alanyl-D-alanine irrespective of the light condition as in Sasanishiki. With cultivation in D-alanine medium for several days, the D-alanyl-D-alanine content in W0008 leaf blades was found to increase, but no other D-alanine-containing dipeptides such as D-alanylglycine or D-alanyl-L-alanine were dete...

  15. A PhD is a PhD is a PhD

    OpenAIRE

    Ostrow, Deborah Anne

    2017-01-01

    A PhD is a PhD is a PhD is a practice-based project that interrogates the process of an artist undertaking PhD research under established criteria. It consists of an exegesis, an original screenplay, and a digital film made for online viewing, with images drawn from a range of documentaries and films found on YouTube. They have been dissected, re-assembled and then re-embedded to YouTube. The source material covers topics such as medicalization of madness, the conspicuous appropriation of uni...

  16. Drug: D07434 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D07434 Drug Polyestradiol phosphate (INN); Estradurin (TN) ... (C18H22O4P)n D07434.gif ... Other ... DG01584 ... Estr...ogen receptor agonist ... DG01986 ... Estrogen ATC code: L02AA02 ... NR3A1 (ESR1) [HSA:209

  17. The Vitamin D Endocrine System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norman, Anthony W.

    1985-01-01

    Discusses the physiology and biochemistry of the vitamin D endocrine system, including role of biological calcium and phosphorus, vitamin D metabolism, and related diseases. A 10-item, multiple-choice test which can be used to obtain continuing medical education credit is included. (JN)

  18. Drug: D10700 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D10700 Drug Dasotraline (USAN/INN) ... C16H15Cl2N D10700.gif ... Chemical group: DG01989 ... Treatment of attent...ion deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) ... CAS: 675126-05-3 PubChem: 254741661 ChEMBL: CHEMBL3301595 ...

  19. Drug: D03807 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D03807 Drug Zenarestat (USAN/INN) ... C17H11BrClFN2O4 D03807.gif ... Antidiabetic agen...t ... DG01882 ... Aldose reductase inhibitor ... Treatment of diabetic neuropathy AKR1B1 [HSA:231] [KO:K00011] ... CA

  20. Drug: D02206 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D02206 Drug Buformin hydrochloride (JP17); Dibetos-B (TN) ... C6H15N5. HCl D02206.gif ... Antidiabetic... agent ... DG01685 ... Insulin sensitizer ... DG01684 ... Biguanide antidiabetic Unclassified ... DG02044 ... Hypoglycemics ... DG01684 ... Biguanide antidiabetic Therapeutic category: 3962 ATC code: A10BA03 Chemical group

  1. Drug: D00625 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D00625 Drug Miglitol (JP17/USAN/INN); Glyset (TN) ... C8H17NO5 D00625.gif ... Antidiabetic... agent ... DG01663 ... alpha-Glucosidase inhibitor ... DG01803 ... Antidiabetic, alpha-glucosidase inhibitor Unclas...sified ... DG02044 ... Hypoglycemics ... DG01803 ... Antidiabetic, alpha-glucosidase inhibitor Same as: C07708 Therapeu

  2. Drug: D00944 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D00944 Drug Metformin hydrochloride (JP17/USP); Glucophage (TN) ... C4H11N5. HCl D00944.gif ... Antidiabetic... agent ... DG01685 ... Insulin sensitizer ... DG01684 ... Biguanide antidiabetic Unclassified ... DG...02044 ... Hypoglycemics ... DG01684 ... Biguanide antidiabetic Therapeutic category: 3962 ATC code: A10BA02 Chemical

  3. Drug: D00216 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available etic agent ... DG01663 ... alpha-Glucosidase inhibitor ... DG01803 ... Antidiabetic, alpha-glu...cosidase inhibitor Unclassified ... DG02044 ... Hypoglycemics ... DG01803 ... Antidiabetic, alpha-glucosidase inhibitor... D00216 Drug Acarbose (JAN/USAN/INN); Precose (TN) ... C25H43NO18 D00216.gif ... Actinoplanes [TAX:1865] Antidiab

  4. Drug: D01665 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D01665 Drug Voglibose (JP17/USAN/INN); Basen (TN) ... C10H21NO7 D01665.gif ... Antidiabetic... agent ... DG01663 ... alpha-Glucosidase inhibitor ... DG01803 ... Antidiabetic, alpha-glucosidase inhibitor Uncla...ssified ... DG02044 ... Hypoglycemics ... DG01803 ... Antidiabetic, alpha-glucosidase inhibitor Therapeutic category: 3

  5. Drug: D06055 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D06055 Drug Teflurane (USAN/INN) ... C2HBrF4 D06055.gif ... Neuropsychiatric agent ... DG02030 ... Anesthetic...s ... DG02027 ... General anesthetics ... DG02028 ... Inhalational anaesthetics ... DG01994 ... Halogen...ated hydrocarbons ... DG02027 ... General anesthetics ... DG02028 ... Inhalational anaesthetics ... DG01994 ... Halogenated

  6. Drug: D08490 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available hetics ... DG01675 ... Local anesthetic ... DG01673 ... Amide type local anesthetic ... DG01675 ... Local anesthetic... ... DG01673 ... Amide type local anesthetic Cyp substrate ... DG01892 ... CYP1A2 substrate Same as: ... D08490 Drug Ropivacaine (INN); Naropin (TN) ... C17H26N2O D08490.gif ... Neuropsychiatric agent ... DG02030 ... Anest

  7. Drug: D04088 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D04088 Drug Ethyl chloride (USP) ... C2H5Cl D04088.gif ... Neuropsychiatric agent ... DG02030 ... Anesthetic...s ... DG01675 ... Local anesthetic ... DG01675 ... Local anesthetic Same as: C18248 ATC code: N01BX01 ...

  8. Drug: D07678 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D07678 Drug Chloroprocaine (INN) ... C13H19ClN2O2 D07678.gif ... Neuropsychiatric agent ... DG02030 ... Anesthetic...s ... DG01675 ... Local anesthetic ... DG01674 ... Esterified local anesthetic ... DG01675 ... Local anesthetic... ... DG01674 ... Esterified local anesthetic Same as: C07877 ATC code: N01BA04 Chemical group: DG00800

  9. Drug: D07468 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available tics ... DG01675 ... Local anesthetic ... DG01673 ... Amide type local anesthetic ... DG01675 ... Local anesthetic... ... DG01673 ... Amide type local anesthetic ATC code: N01BB08 Chemical group: DG00805 ... CAS:... D07468 Drug Articaine (INN); Carticaine ... C13H20N2O3S D07468.gif ... Neuropsychiatric agent ... DG02030 ... Anesthe

  10. Drug: D07122 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available hetics ... DG02027 ... General anesthetics ... DG02026 ... Opioid anesthetics ... DG02027 ... General anesthetic...s ... DG02026 ... Opioid anesthetics ... DG01564 ... Opioid receptor agonist ... DG01563 ... mu-Opioid recepto... D07122 Drug Alfentanil (INN); Rapifen (TN) ... C21H32N6O3 D07122.gif ... Neuropsychiatric agent ... DG02030 ... Anest

  11. Drug: D08473 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available tric agent ... DG02030 ... Anesthetics ... DG02027 ... General anesthetics ... DG02026 ... Opioid anesthetics ... DG02027 ... General anesthetic...s ... DG02026 ... Opioid anesthetics ... DG01564 ... Opioid receptor agonist ... DG01563 ... mu-Opioid recept... D08473 Drug Remifentanil (INN); Ultiva (TN) ... C20H28N2O5 D08473.gif ... Neuropsychia

  12. Drug: D04095 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D04095 Drug Etidocaine (USAN/INN) ... C17H28N2O D04095.gif ... Neuropsychiatric agent ... DG02030 ... Anesthetic...s ... DG01675 ... Local anesthetic ... DG01673 ... Amide type local anesthetic ... DG01675 ... Local anesthetic... ... DG01673 ... Amide type local anesthetic Same as: C07530 ATC code: N01BB07 Chemical group: DG00804 ...

  13. Drug: D05938 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D05938 Drug Sufentanil (USAN/INN) ... C22H30N2O2S D05938.gif ... Neuropsychiatric agent ... DG02030 ... Anesthetic...s ... DG02027 ... General anesthetics ... DG02026 ... Opioid anesthetics ... DG02027 ... General anesthetic...s ... DG02026 ... Opioid anesthetics ... DG01564 ... Opioid receptor agonist ... DG01563 ... mu-Opioid receptor agonis

  14. Drug: D10359 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D10359 Drug Migalastat (USAN/INN) ... C6H13NO4 D10359.gif ... ATC code: A16AX14 Chemical group: DG02691 ... phar...macological chaperone Treatment of Fabry disease ... CAS: 108147-54-2 PubChem: 172232452 ChEMBL: CHEMBL110458 PDB-CCD: DGJ ...

  15. Vitamin D and Bone Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Christodoulou

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Vitamin D is important for normal development and maintenance of the skeleton. Hypovitaminosis D adversely affects calcium metabolism, osteoblastic activity, matrix ossification, bone remodeling and bone density. It is well known that Vit. D deficiency in the developing skeleton is related to rickets, while in adults is related to osteomalacia. The causes of rickets include conditions that lead to hypocalcemia and/or hypophosphatemia, either isolated or secondary to vitamin D deficiency. In osteomalacia, Vit. D deficiency leads to impairment of the mineralisation phase of bone remodeling and thus an increasing amount of the skeleton being replaced by unmineralized osteoid. The relationship between Vit. D and bone mineral density and osteoporosis are still controversial while new evidence suggests that Vit. D may play a role in other bone conditions such as osteoarthritis and stress fractures. In order to maintain a “good bone health” guidelines concerning the recommended dietary intakes should be followed and screening for Vit. D deficiency in individuals at risk for deficiency is required, followed by the appropriate action.

  16. Drug: D00576 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D00576 Drug Quinestrol (USAN/INN); Estrovis (TN) ... C25H32O2 D00576.gif ... Other ... DG01584 ... Estr...ogen receptor agonist ... DG01986 ... Estrogen Same as: C07619 ... CAS: 152-43-2 PubChem: 7847642 ChE

  17. Drug: D02959 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D02959 Drug Antimony potassium tartrate (USP) ... C8H4O12Sb2. 2K. 3H2O D02959.gif ... Same as: C11340 ... Antimo...ny compound ... CAS: 28300-74-5 PubChem: 17397116 ChEBI: 2761 NIKKAJI: J365.136C ...

  18. Drug: D10664 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D10664 Drug Pradigastat (USAN) ... C25H24F3N3O2 D10664.gif ... Chemical group: DG01846 ... Lowering of triglycer...ides in patients with chylomicronemia ... CAS: 956136-95-1 PubChem: 254741625 ChEMBL: CHEMBL2364624 ...

  19. Drug: D03721 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D03721.gif ... Neuropsychiatric agent ... DG01970 ... Agents for ADHD ATC code: N06BA11 Chemical group: DG00972 ... T...reatment of attention deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) ... CAS: 19262-68-1 PubChem: 17397812 ChEMBL: CHEMBL904 LigandBox: D03721 ...

  20. Drug: D00001 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D00001 Drug Water (JP17/USP); Purified water (JP17); Purified water in containers ...(JP17); Water, purified (USP); Sterile purified water in containers (JP17); Water for injection (JP17); Water for injection in contai...ners (JP17); Sterile water (TN) ... H2O D00001.gif ... Same as: C00001 Therapeutic cat

  1. 3D Terahertz Beam Profiling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Pernille Klarskov; Strikwerda, Andrew; Jepsen, Peter Uhd

    2013-01-01

    We present a characterization of THz beams generated in both a two-color air plasma and in a LiNbO3 crystal. Using a commercial THz camera, we record intensity images as a function of distance through the beam waist, from which we extract 2D beam profiles and visualize our measurements into 3D beam...

  2. Drug: D08350 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D08350 Drug Pheneticillin (INN); Phenethicillin; PEPC ... C17H20N2O5S D08350.gif ... A...8 ... beta-Lactamase sensitive penicillin ATC code: J01CE05 Chemical group: DG00538 ... Phenethicillin is called

  3. Bag pigtråd

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bjerre, Jacob Halvas

    2015-01-01

    BogFeature om Inger Bjørn Knudsen: Bag Pigtråd - Rom flygtningelejr 1945-1948. Udg. af Lemvig Museum, 2014. 80 sider......BogFeature om Inger Bjørn Knudsen: Bag Pigtråd - Rom flygtningelejr 1945-1948. Udg. af Lemvig Museum, 2014. 80 sider...

  4. Drug: D09632 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D09632 Drug Iodine (124I) girentuximab (USAN/INN) ... C6460H(10006-x)IxN1718O2018S48 ...p: DG01405 ... Monoclonal antibody Diagnosis of clear cell renal cancer See Girentuximab [DR:D09593] ... CAS: 1011710-99-8 PubChem: 124490372 ...

  5. Drug: D05134 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 5 D05134.gif ... Antineoplastic ... DG01958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic... ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic Unclassified ... DG02018 ... Antimetabolite ... ...DG01958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic... D05134 Drug Nelarabine (JAN/USAN/INN); Nelzarabine (USAN); Arranon (TN) ... C11H15N5O

  6. Drug: D04134 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D04134 Drug Fazarabine (USAN/INN) ... C8H12N4O5 D04134.gif ... Antineoplastic ... DG01958... ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplas...tic Unclassified ... DG02018 ... Antimetabolite ... DG01958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic... ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic ... arabinofuranosyl de

  7. Drug: D01309 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D01309 Drug Doxifluridine (JP17/INN); Furtulon (TN) ... C9H11FN2O5 D01309.gif ... Antineoplastic... ... DG01958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic ... DG01935 ... Fluoropyrimidine antineoplastic ... DG0...1935 ... Fluoropyrimidine antineoplastic Unclassified ... DG02018 ... Antimetabolite ... DG01958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic... ... DG01935 ... Fluoropyrimidine antineoplastic Same as: C12739 Th

  8. Drug: D06221 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D06221 Drug Triciribine phosphate (USAN) ... C13H17N6O7P D06221.gif ... Antineoplastic... ... DG01958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic Unclassified ... DG02018 ... Antimetabolite ... DG01958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic... ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic ... CAS: 6

  9. Drug: D02368 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D02368 Drug Gemcitabine (USAN/INN) ... C9H11F2N3O4 D02368.gif ... Antineoplastic ... DG01...958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic ... DG01439 ... Arabi...nofuranosyl type antineoplastic Unclassified ... DG02018 ... Antimetabolite ... DG01958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic... ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic Same as: C07650 ATC

  10. Drug: D09712 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D09712 Drug Elacytarabine (USAN/INN) ... C27H45N3O6 D09712.gif ... Antineoplastic ... DG0...1958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic ... DG01439 ... Arab...inofuranosyl type antineoplastic Unclassified ... DG02018 ... Antimetabolite ... DG01958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic... ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic ... Elacytarabine i

  11. Drug: D01223 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D01223 Drug Capecitabine (JAN/USAN/INN); Xeloda (TN) ... C15H22FN3O6 D01223.gif ... Antineoplastic... ... DG01958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic... ... DG01935 ... Fluoropyrimidine antineoplastic ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic ... DG01935 ... Fluoropyrimidine antineoplasti...ic acid derivative, antineoplastic ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic ... DG01935 ... Fluoropyrimidine antineoplastic

  12. Drug: D06100 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D06100 Drug Tezacitabine (USAN); Tezacitabine monohydrate ... C10H12FN3O4. H2O D06100.gif ... Antineoplastic... ... DG01958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic... ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic Unclassified ... DG02018 ... Antimetabolite ... DG01958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic

  13. Drug: D04197 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D04197 Drug Floxuridine (USP/INN); FUDR (TN) ... C9H11FN2O5 D04197.gif ... Antineoplastic... ... DG01958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic ... DG01935 ... Fluoropyrimidine antineoplastic ... DG01935 ... F...luoropyrimidine antineoplastic Unclassified ... DG02018 ... Antimetabolite ... DG01958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic... ... DG01935 ... Fluoropyrimidine antineoplastic Same as: C11736 ... TYMS [

  14. Drug: D10222 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D10222 Drug Gemcitabine elaidate (USAN/INN) ... C27H43F2N3O5 D10222.gif ... Antineoplastic... ... DG01958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic ... DG01...439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic Unclassified ... DG02018 ... Antimetabolite ... DG01958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic... ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic ATC code:

  15. Drug: D01651 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D01651 Drug Ancitabine hydrochloride (JAN) ... C9H11N3O4. HCl D01651.gif ... Antineoplastic... ... DG01958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic ... DG0...1439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic Unclassified ... DG02018 ... Antimetabolite ... DG01958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic... ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic Same as:

  16. Drug: D07974 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D07974 Drug Fluorouracil sodium salt; Fluorouracil (TN) ... C4H3FN2O2. xNa D07974.gif ... Antineoplastic... ... DG01958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic ... DG01935 ... Fluoropyrimidine antineoplastic... ... DG01935 ... Fluoropyrimidine antineoplastic Unclassified ... DG02018 ... Antimetabolite ... DG01958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplasti...c ... DG01935 ... Fluoropyrimidine antineoplastic ATC code:

  17. Drug: D09722 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D09722 Drug Sapacitabine (USAN/INN) ... C26H42N4O5 D09722.gif ... Antineoplastic ... DG01...958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic ... DG01439 ... Arabi...nofuranosyl type antineoplastic Unclassified ... DG02018 ... Antimetabolite ... DG01958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic... ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic ... nucleoside analo

  18. Drug: D04233 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D04233 Drug Flurocitabine (USAN/INN) ... C9H10FN3O4 D04233.gif ... Antineoplastic ... DG0...1958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic ... DG01439 ... Arab...inofuranosyl type antineoplastic Unclassified ... DG02018 ... Antimetabolite ... DG01958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic... ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic ... CAS: 37717-

  19. Drug: D03637 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available D03637 Drug Cytarabine hydrochloride (USAN) ... C9H13N3O5. HCl D03637.gif ... Antineoplastic... ... DG01958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic ... DG...01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic Unclassified ... DG02018 ... Antimetabolite ... DG01958 ... Nucleic acid derivative, antineoplastic... ... DG01439 ... Arabinofuranosyl type antineoplastic ATC cod

  20. Drug: D05273 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ... Trimethoprim antibacterial ... DG01931 ... Dihydrofolate reductase inhibitor, antibacterial ... Component of Rofenaid (TN) veterinary medi...cine Trimethoprim [DR:D00145] derivative ... CAS: 6981-18-6 PubChem: 47206982 ChEMBL: CHEMBL494760 LigandBox: D05273 NIKKAJI: J9.643A ...