WorldWideScience

Sample records for actinium 232

  1. Production of Actinium-225 via High Energy Proton Induced Spallation of Thorium-232

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harvey, James T.; Nolen, Jerry; Vandergrift, George; Gomes, Itacil; Kroc, Tom; Horwitz, Phil; McAlister, Dan; Bowers, Del; Sullivan, Vivian; Greene, John

    2011-12-30

    The science of cancer research is currently expanding its use of alpha particle emitting radioisotopes. Coupled with the discovery and proliferation of molecular species that seek out and attach to tumors, new therapy and diagnostics are being developed to enhance the treatment of cancer and other diseases. This latest technology is commonly referred to as Alpha Immunotherapy (AIT). Actinium-225/Bismuth-213 is a parent/daughter alpha-emitting radioisotope pair that is highly sought after because of the potential for treating numerous diseases and its ability to be chemically compatible with many known and widely used carrier molecules (such as monoclonal antibodies and proteins/peptides). Unfortunately, the worldwide supply of actinium-225 is limited to about 1,000mCi annually and most of that is currently spoken for, thus limiting the ability of this radioisotope pair to enter into research and subsequently clinical trials. The route proposed herein utilizes high energy protons to produce actinium-225 via spallation of a thorium-232 target. As part of previous R and D efforts carried out at Argonne National Laboratory recently in support of the proposed US FRIB facility, it was shown that a very effective production mechanism for actinium-225 is spallation of thorium-232 by high energy proton beams. The base-line simulation for the production rate of actinium-225 by this reaction mechanism is 8E12 atoms per second at 200 MeV proton beam energy with 50 g/cm2 thorium target and 100 kW beam power. An irradiation of one actinium-225 half-life (10 days) produces {approx}100 Ci of actinium-225. For a given beam current the reaction cross section increases slightly with energy to about 400 MeV and then decreases slightly for beam energies in the several GeV regime. The object of this effort is to refine the simulations at proton beam energies of 400 MeV and above up to about 8 GeV. Once completed, the simulations will be experimentally verified using 400 MeV and 8 Ge

  2. Spectroscopic and computational investigation of actinium coordination chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrier, Maryline G.; Batista, Enrique R.; Berg, John M.; Birnbaum, Eva R.; Cross, Justin N.; Engle, Jonathan W.; La Pierre, Henry S.; Kozimor, Stosh A.; Lezama Pacheco, Juan S.; Stein, Benjamin W.; Stieber, S. Chantal E.; Wilson, Justin J.

    2016-08-01

    Actinium-225 is a promising isotope for targeted-α therapy. Unfortunately, progress in developing chelators for medicinal applications has been hindered by a limited understanding of actinium chemistry. This knowledge gap is primarily associated with handling actinium, as it is highly radioactive and in short supply. Hence, AcIII reactivity is often inferred from the lanthanides and minor actinides (that is, Am, Cm), with limited success. Here we overcome these challenges and characterize actinium in HCl solutions using X-ray absorption spectroscopy and molecular dynamics density functional theory. The Ac-Cl and Ac-OH2O distances are measured to be 2.95(3) and 2.59(3) Å, respectively. The X-ray absorption spectroscopy comparisons between AcIII and AmIII in HCl solutions indicate AcIII coordinates more inner-sphere Cl1- ligands (3.2+/-1.1) than AmIII (0.8+/-0.3). These results imply diverse reactivity for the +3 actinides and highlight the unexpected and unique AcIII chemical behaviour.

  3. Spectroscopic and computational investigation of actinium coordination chemistry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrier, Maryline G.; Batista, Enrique R.; Berg, John M.; Birnbaum, Eva R.; Cross, Justin N.; Engle, Jonathan W.; La Pierre, Henry S.; Kozimor, Stosh A.; Lezama Pacheco, Juan S.; Stein, Benjamin W.; Stieber, S. Chantal E.; Wilson, Justin J.

    2016-01-01

    Actinium-225 is a promising isotope for targeted-α therapy. Unfortunately, progress in developing chelators for medicinal applications has been hindered by a limited understanding of actinium chemistry. This knowledge gap is primarily associated with handling actinium, as it is highly radioactive and in short supply. Hence, AcIII reactivity is often inferred from the lanthanides and minor actinides (that is, Am, Cm), with limited success. Here we overcome these challenges and characterize actinium in HCl solutions using X-ray absorption spectroscopy and molecular dynamics density functional theory. The Ac–Cl and Ac–OH2O distances are measured to be 2.95(3) and 2.59(3) Å, respectively. The X-ray absorption spectroscopy comparisons between AcIII and AmIII in HCl solutions indicate AcIII coordinates more inner-sphere Cl1– ligands (3.2±1.1) than AmIII (0.8±0.3). These results imply diverse reactivity for the +3 actinides and highlight the unexpected and unique AcIII chemical behaviour. PMID:27531582

  4. Discovery of the actinium, thorium, protactinium, and uranium isotopes

    CERN Document Server

    Fry, C

    2012-01-01

    Currently, 31 actinium, 31 thorium, 28 protactinium, and 23 uranium isotopes have so far been observed; the discovery of these isotopes is discussed. For each isotope a brief summary of the first refereed publication, including the production and identification method, is presented.

  5. Production of high-purity radium-223 from legacy actinium-beryllium neutron sources.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soderquist, Chuck Z; McNamara, Bruce K; Fisher, Darrell R

    2012-07-01

    Radium-223 is a short-lived alpha-particle-emitting radionuclide with potential applications in cancer treatment. Research to develop new radiopharmaceuticals employing (223)Ra has been hindered by poor availability due to the small quantities of parent actinium-227 available world-wide. The purpose of this study was to develop innovative and cost-effective methods to obtain high-purity (223)Ra from (227)Ac. We obtained (227)Ac from two surplus actinium-beryllium neutron generators. We retrieved the actinium/beryllium buttons from the sources and dissolved them in a sulfuric-nitric acid solution. A crude actinium solid was recovered from the solution by coprecipitation with thorium fluoride, leaving beryllium in solution. The crude actinium was purified to provide about 40 milligrams of actinium nitrate using anion exchange in methanol-water-nitric acid solution. The purified actinium was then used to generate high-purity (223)Ra. We extracted (223)Ra using anion exchange in a methanol-water-nitric acid solution. After the radium was separated, actinium and thorium were then eluted from the column and dried for interim storage. This single-pass separation produces high purity, carrier-free (223)Ra product, and does not disturb the (227)Ac/(227)Th equilibrium. A high purity, carrier-free (227)Th was also obtained from the actinium using a similar anion exchange in nitric acid. These methods enable efficient production of (223)Ra for research and new alpha-emitter radiopharmaceutical development.

  6. 17 CFR 232.403-232.404 - [Reserved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false 232.403-232.404 Section 232.403-232.404 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION REGULATION S-T-GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS FOR ELECTRONIC FILINGS Xbrl-Related Documents §§ 232.403-232.404...

  7. Relativistic small-core pseudopotentials for actinium, thorium, and protactinium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weigand, Anna; Cao, Xiaoyan; Hangele, Tim; Dolg, Michael

    2014-04-03

    Small-core pseudopotentials for actinium, thorium, and protactinium have been energy-adjusted to multiconfiguration Dirac-Hartree-Fock reference data based on the Dirac-Coulomb-Breit Hamiltonian and the Fermi nucleus model. Corresponding optimized valence basis sets of polarized valence quadruple-ζ quality are presented. Atomic test calculations for the first four ionization potentials show satisfactory results at both the Hartree-Fock and the multireference averaged coupled-pair functional level. Highly correlated Fock-space coupled cluster calculations demonstrate that the new pseudopotentials yield ionization potentials, which are in excellent agreement with corresponding all-electron results and experimental data. The pseudopotentials and basis sets supplement a similar set previously published for uranium.

  8. Effects of spin-orbit coupling on actinium under pressure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rubio-Ponce, A.; Rivera, J. [Departamento de Ciencias Basicas, Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana-Azcapotzalco, Mexico (Mexico); Olguin, D. [Departamento de Fi sica, Centro de Investigacion y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Mexico (Mexico)

    2015-04-15

    Actinium (Ac) is a radioactive metal and the first element of the actinide series. At ambient conditions Ac crystallizes in the fcc lattice, however, up to date its phase diagram is unknown. In the present work, we have studied the structural and electronic properties of Ac under hydrostatic pressure assuming the fcc structure as well as three hypothetical structures, namely the hcp, bcc, and sc, and for pressures up to 100 GPa. From our calculations, we found only one structural transition allowed, from the fcc to hcp, our calculated pressure was 39.85 GPa. The calculations were performed by means of the full potential linearized augmented plane wave (FLAPW) method and the generalized gradient approximation (GGA) for the exchange-correlation energy, where we have included in our study the spin-orbit coupling which is important for heavy elements. The total energy results were fitted to the third order Birch-Murnaghan's equation of state. (copyright 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  9. RS-232 Led Board

    CERN Document Server

    Tskhvaradze, Vladimir

    2007-01-01

    This article demonstrates how to develop a Microchip PIC16F84 based device that supports RS-232 interface with PC. Circuit (LED Board) design and software development will be discussed. PicBasic Pro Compiler from microEngineering Labs, Inc. is used for PIC programming. Development of LED Board Control Console using C/C++ is also briefly discussed. The project requires basic work experience with Microchip PICs, serial communication and programming.

  10. Report for General Research September 18 to December 11, 1950 (Actinium Volume)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Haring, M.M.

    1951-01-15

    The purpose of the research work presented in this volume is to develop a process for the separation and purification of actinium-227 produced by neutron bombardment of radium-226 and to develop methods by which uniform films of actinium metal may be deposited on metallic surfaces. The design work on the cave structure and mechanical equipment used in the actinium separation is proceeding on schedule. As the mechanical design phase is nearing completion the emphasis is being directed toward processing equipment. The process as well as the mechanical equipment has been adapted from the research work of F. T. Hagemann and the Remote Control Group at Argonne National Laboratory. Consequently, one of the first objectives is to become familiary with the chemistry of the process and the operation of the mechanical equipment. Cold runs have been made on the T.T.A. benzene extraction using lanthanum and barium in place of actinium and radium. No difficulty with the operation was observed. The formation of precipitates was one of the difficulties encountered with the process as the precipitates carry radium. It has been found that metals such as nickel cause these precipitates to form and should, therefore, be avoided in the construction of equipment. it was also found that a T.T.A. solution exposed to 0.5 curie of polonium over a period of days develops a precipitate. Some new mechanical features hav eshown promise. The use of copper-coated glassware which will hold together even though the glass is cracked has made it possible to replace custom-built heaters with standard heating mantles. A new graphite, silicone grease mixture appears to hold up in stopcocks handling benzene and, as a result, may eliminate the necessary of entering the cave for regreasing. Tests on the preparation of dense concrete have given results which meet the shielding requirements for the cave. A strippable paint and tape combination has been studied and specified to provide for decontamination of

  11. Analysis of the gamma spectra of the uranium, actinium, and thorium decay series

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Momeni, M.H.

    1981-09-01

    This report describes the identification of radionuclides in the uranium, actinium, and thorium series by analysis of gamma spectra in the energy range of 40 to 1400 keV. Energies and absolute efficiencies for each gamma line were measured by means of a high-resolution germanium detector and compared with those in the literature. A gamma spectroscopy method, which utilizes an on-line computer for deconvolution of spectra, search and identification of each line, and estimation of activity for each radionuclide, was used to analyze soil and uranium tailings, and ore.

  12. Production of actinium-225 for alpha particle mediated radioimmunotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boll, Rose A; Malkemus, Dairin; Mirzadeh, Saed

    2005-05-01

    The initial clinical trials for treatment of acute myeloid leukemia have demonstrated the effectiveness of the alpha emitter (213)Bi in killing cancer cells. Bismuth-213 is obtained from a radionuclide generator system from decay of 10-days (225)Ac parent. Recent pre-clinical studies have also shown the potential application of both (213)Bi, and the (225)Ac parent radionuclide in a variety of cancer systems and targeted radiotherapy. This paper describes our five years of experience in production of (225)Ac in partial support of the on-going clinical trials. A four-step chemical process, consisting of both anion and cation exchange chromatography, is utilized for routine separation of carrier-free (225)Ac from a mixture of (228)Th, (229)Th and (232)Th. The separation of Ra and Ac from Th is achieved using the marcoporous anion exchange resin MP1 in 8M HNO(3) media. Two sequential MP1/NO(3) columns provide a separation factor of approximately 10(6) for Ra and Ac from Th. The separation of Ac from Ra is accomplished on a low cross-linking cation exchange resin AG50-X4 using 1.2M HNO(3) as eluant. Two sequential AG50/NO(3) columns provide a separation factor of approximately 10(2) for Ac from Ra. A 60-day processing schedule has been adopted in order to reduce the processing cost and to provide the highest levels of (225)Ac possible. Over an 8-week campaign, a total of approximately 100 mCi of (225)Ac (approximately 80% of the theoretical yield) is shipped in 5-6 batches, with the first batch typically consisting of approximately 50 mCi. After the initial separation and purification of Ac, the Ra pool is re-processed on a bi-weekly schedule or as needed to provide smaller batches of (225)Ac. The averaged radioisotopic purity of the (225)Ac was 99.6 +/- 0.7% with a (225)Ra content of < or =0.6%, and an average (229)Th content of (4(-4)(+5)) x 10(-5)%.

  13. Large scale accelerator production of (225)Ac: Effective cross sections for 78-192MeV protons incident on (232)Th targets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griswold, J R; Medvedev, D G; Engle, J W; Copping, R; Fitzsimmons, J M; Radchenko, V; Cooley, J C; Fassbender, M E; Denton, D L; Murphy, K E; Owens, A C; Birnbaum, E R; John, K D; Nortier, F M; Stracener, D W; Heilbronn, L H; Mausner, L F; Mirzadeh, S

    2016-12-01

    Actinium-225 and (213)Bi have been used successfully in targeted alpha therapy (TAT) in preclinical and clinical research. This paper is a continuation of research activities aiming to expand the availability of (225)Ac. The high-energy proton spallation reaction on natural thorium metal targets has been utilized to produce millicurie quantities of (225)Ac. The results of sixteen irradiation experiments of thorium metal at beam energies between 78 and 192MeV are summarized in this work. Irradiations have been conducted at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL), while target dissolution and processing was carried out at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Excitation functions for actinium and thorium isotopes, as well as for some of the fission products, are presented. The cross sections for production of (225)Ac range from 3.6 to 16.7mb in the incident proton energy range of 78-192MeV. Based on these data, production of curie quantities of (225)Ac is possible by irradiating a 5.0gcm(-2 232)Th target for 10 days in either BNL or LANL proton irradiation facilities. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Application of ion exchange and extraction chromatography to the separation of actinium from proton-irradiated thorium metal for analytical purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radchenko, V; Engle, J W; Wilson, J J; Maassen, J R; Nortier, F M; Taylor, W A; Birnbaum, E R; Hudston, L A; John, K D; Fassbender, M E

    2015-02-06

    Actinium-225 (t1/2=9.92d) is an α-emitting radionuclide with nuclear properties well-suited for use in targeted alpha therapy (TAT), a powerful treatment method for malignant tumors. Actinium-225 can also be utilized as a generator for (213)Bi (t1/2 45.6 min), which is another valuable candidate for TAT. Actinium-225 can be produced via proton irradiation of thorium metal; however, long-lived (227)Ac (t1/2=21.8a, 99% β(-), 1% α) is co-produced during this process and will impact the quality of the final product. Thus, accurate assays are needed to determine the (225)Ac/(227)Ac ratio, which is dependent on beam energy, irradiation time and target design. Accurate actinium assays, in turn, require efficient separation of actinium isotopes from both the Th matrix and highly radioactive activation by-products, especially radiolanthanides formed from proton-induced fission. In this study, we introduce a novel, selective chromatographic technique for the recovery and purification of actinium isotopes from irradiated Th matrices. A two-step sequence of cation exchange and extraction chromatography was implemented. Radiolanthanides were quantitatively removed from Ac, and no non-Ac radionuclidic impurities were detected in the final Ac fraction. An (225)Ac spike added prior to separation was recovered at ≥ 98%, and Ac decontamination from Th was found to be ≥ 10(6). The purified actinium fraction allowed for highly accurate (227)Ac determination at analytical scales, i.e., at (227)Ac activities of 1-100 kBq (27 nCi to 2.7 μCi). Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. 8 CFR 232.3 - Arriving aliens.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 8 Aliens and Nationality 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Arriving aliens. 232.3 Section 232.3 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS DETENTION OF ALIENS FOR PHYSICAL AND MENTAL EXAMINATION § 232.3 Arriving aliens. When a district director has reasonable grounds...

  16. 7 CFR 58.232 - Milk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Milk. 58.232 Section 58.232 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture (Continued) AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections....232 Milk. Raw milk shall meet the requirements as outlined in §§ 58.132 through 58.138 and, unless...

  17. 28 CFR 23.2 - Background.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Background. 23.2 Section 23.2 Judicial Administration DEPARTMENT OF JUSTICE CRIMINAL INTELLIGENCE SYSTEMS OPERATING POLICIES § 23.2 Background. It is recognized that certain criminal activities including but not limited to loan sharking, drug trafficking, trafficking in stolen property,...

  18. 24 CFR 232.2 - License.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false License. 232.2 Section 232.2... Eligibility Requirements § 232.2 License. The Commissioner shall not insure any mortgage under this part... facility is or is to be located, and the appropriate agency for such jurisdiction provides a...

  19. 49 CFR 232.611 - Periodic maintenance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Periodic maintenance. 232.611 Section 232.611 Transportation Other Regulations Relating to Transportation (Continued) FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION... maintenance. (a) In addition to the maintenance requirements contained in § 232.303(b) through (d), a...

  20. Analizador de protocolo rs-232

    OpenAIRE

    Caicedo Mejillones, Steven Kleber; Paredes Cedeno, Jeanneth Mirelly; Ponguillo Intriago, Ronald

    2014-01-01

    En el presente trabajo se desarrolló una herramienta que servirá para capturar y analizar las tramas que se intercambian entre dos dispositivos que se comunican usando el protocolo de comunicación serial RS-232. La información capturada se muestra en una Computadora Personal o en un Dispositivo Móvil con Sistema Operativo Android; esto nos permitirá entender e interpretar el funcionamiento del protocolo antes mencionado, además nos ayudará en la tarea de detectar y resolver problemas relacion...

  1. Thorium and actinium polyphosphonate compounds as bone-seeking alpha particle-emitting agents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henriksen, Gjermund; Bruland, Oyvind S; Larsen, Roy H

    2004-01-01

    The present study explores the use of alpha-particle-emitting, bone-seeking agents as candidates for targeted radiotherapy. Actinium and thorium 1,4,7,10 tetraazacyclododecane N,N',N'',N''' 1,4,7,10-tetra(methylene) phosphonic acid (DOTMP) and thorium-diethylene triamine N,N',N'' penta(methylene) phosphonic acid (DTMP) were prepared and their biodistribution evaluated in conventional Balb/C mice at four hours after injection. All three bone-seeking agents showed a high uptake in bone and a low uptake in soft tissues. Among the soft tissue organs, only kidney had a relatively high uptake. The femur/kidney ratios for 227Th-DTMP, 228-Ac-DOTMP and 227Th-DOTMP were 14.2, 7.6 and 6.0, respectively. A higher liver uptake of 228Ac-DOTMP was seen than for 227Th-DTMP and 227Th-DOTMP. This suggests that some demetallation of the 228Ac-DOTMP complex had occurred. The results indicate that 225Ac-DOTMP, 227Th-DOTMP and 227Th-DTMP have promising properties as potential therapeutic bone-seeking agents.

  2. Developments towards in-gas-jet laser spectroscopy studies of actinium isotopes at LISOL

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raeder, S., E-mail: s.raeder@gsi.de [KU Leuven, Instituut voor Kern- en Stralingsfysica, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium); Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, 55128 Mainz (Germany); GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Planckstraße 1, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Bastin, B. [GANIL, CEA/DSM-CNRS/IN2P3, B.P. 55027, 14076 Caen (France); Block, M. [Helmholtz-Institut Mainz, 55128 Mainz (Germany); GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Planckstraße 1, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Institut für Kernchemie, Johannes Gutenberg Universität, 55128 Mainz (Germany); Creemers, P. [KU Leuven, Instituut voor Kern- en Stralingsfysica, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium); Delahaye, P. [GANIL, CEA/DSM-CNRS/IN2P3, B.P. 55027, 14076 Caen (France); Ferrer, R. [KU Leuven, Instituut voor Kern- en Stralingsfysica, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium); Fléchard, X. [LPC Caen, ENSICAEN, Université de Caen, CNRS/IN2P3, Caen (France); Franchoo, S. [Institute de Physique Nucléaire (IPN) d’Orsay, 91406 Orsay, Cedex (France); Ghys, L. [KU Leuven, Instituut voor Kern- en Stralingsfysica, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium); SCK-CEN, Belgian Nuclear Research Center, Boeretang 200, 2400 Mol (Belgium); Gaffney, L.P.; Granados, C. [KU Leuven, Instituut voor Kern- en Stralingsfysica, Celestijnenlaan 200D, B-3001 Leuven (Belgium); Heinke, R. [Institut für Physik, Johannes Gutenberg Universität, 55128 Mainz (Germany); Hijazi, L. [GANIL, CEA/DSM-CNRS/IN2P3, B.P. 55027, 14076 Caen (France); and others

    2016-06-01

    To study exotic nuclides at the borders of stability with laser ionization and spectroscopy techniques, highest efficiencies in combination with a high spectral resolution are required. These usually opposing requirements are reconciled by applying the in-gas-laser ionization and spectroscopy (IGLIS) technique in the supersonic gas jet produced by a de Laval nozzle installed at the exit of the stopping gas cell. Carrying out laser ionization in the low-temperature and low density supersonic gas jet eliminates pressure broadening, which will significantly improve the spectral resolution. This article presents the required modifications at the Leuven Isotope Separator On-Line (LISOL) facility that are needed for the first on-line studies of in-gas-jet laser spectroscopy. Different geometries for the gas outlet and extraction ion guides have been tested for their performance regarding the acceptance of laser ionized species as well as for their differential pumping capacities. The specifications and performance of the temporarily installed high repetition rate laser system, including a narrow bandwidth injection-locked Ti:sapphire laser, are discussed and first preliminary results on neutron-deficient actinium isotopes are presented indicating the high capability of this novel technique.

  3. Implementering av RS232-protokoll

    OpenAIRE

    Karlsson, Tomas

    2002-01-01

    Den här rapporten innehåller information om hur man skapar en länk mellan en dator och ett minne via en dators serieport. Ett RS232-protokoll används för att upprätthålla den här länken. För att ta hand om minnet samt upprätthålla kommunikationen med datorn har en FPGA programmerats. Intel hex8 formatet används för datan. Ett program för Windows 98 skapades också. Programmet öppnar en fil och läser tecken. Tecknen översätts till heltal som sänds till serieporten. Programmet kan också spara da...

  4. 27 CFR 31.232 - Wine bottling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Wine bottling. 31.232... OF THE TREASURY LIQUORS ALCOHOL BEVERAGE DEALERS Miscellaneous § 31.232 Wine bottling. Each person desiring to bottle, package, or repackage taxpaid wines must, before carrying on those operations,...

  5. 9 CFR 2.32 - Personnel qualifications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... least the following areas: (1) Humane methods of animal maintenance and experimentation, including: (i... 9 Animals and Animal Products 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Personnel qualifications. 2.32 Section 2.32 Animals and Animal Products ANIMAL AND PLANT HEALTH INSPECTION SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF...

  6. 34 CFR 668.232 - Program eligibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Program eligibility. 668.232 Section 668.232 Education Regulations of the Offices of the Department of Education (Continued) OFFICE OF POSTSECONDARY EDUCATION, DEPARTMENT OF EDUCATION STUDENT ASSISTANCE GENERAL PROVISIONS Financial Assistance for Students...

  7. 17 CFR 256.232 - Accounts payable.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 3 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Accounts payable. 256.232... SYSTEM OF ACCOUNTS FOR MUTUAL SERVICE COMPANIES AND SUBSIDIARY SERVICE COMPANIES, PUBLIC UTILITY HOLDING COMPANY ACT OF 1935 7. Current and Accrued Liabilities § 256.232 Accounts payable. This account...

  8. 7 CFR 23.2 - Administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Administration. 23.2 Section 23.2 Agriculture Office... Administration. (a) Title V will be administered by the Administrators of the Extension Service and the... Act of 1914 and the Hatch Act (as amended), August 11, 1955, the administration of the programs...

  9. Dicty_cDB: SLI232 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available SL (Link to library) SLI232 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U15735-1 SLI232E (Link... to Original site) - - - - - - SLI232E 526 Show SLI232 Library SL (Link to library) Clone ID SLI232 (Link to...ycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/SL/SLI2-B/SLI232Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID SLI23...2E (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >SLI232 (SLI232Q) /CSM/SL/SLI2-B/SLI232Q.Seq.d/ CATGT...nces producing significant alignments: (bits) Value SLI232 (SLI232Q) /CSM/SL/SLI2-B/SLI2

  10. Dicty_cDB: SLC232 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available SL (Link to library) SLC232 (Link to dictyBase) - G24142 DDB0186870 Contig-U16365-1 SLC2...32P (Link to Original site) SLC232F 642 SLC232Z 732 SLC232P 1374 - - Show SLC232 Library SL (Link to library) Clone ID SLC2...Contig-U16365-1 Original site URL http://dictycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/SL/SLC2-B/SLC2...32Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID SLC232P (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >SLC232 (SLC232Q) /CSM/SL/SLC2...-B/SLC232Q.Seq.d/ ATAAATAATGAGACTCCTTTTAGTACTATTGGTACTAATTTTTAGTGTTGTTAGTGCTCA ACAAAAT

  11. Dicty_cDB: SLB232 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available SL (Link to library) SLB232 (Link to dictyBase) - G22385 DDB0217102 Contig-U16083-1 SLB...232P (Link to Original site) SLB232F 620 SLB232Z 733 SLB232P 1353 - - Show SLB232 Library SL (Link to library) Clone ID SLB...Contig-U16083-1 Original site URL http://dictycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/SL/SLB2-B/SLB...232Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID SLB232P (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >SLB232 (SLB232Q) /CSM/SL/SLB...2-B/SLB232Q.Seq.d/ ATATATTTAAAAATAATAAAATAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAACTGTATTAAAAAAAAAAAAAA TTGTAGT

  12. RS232/USB转换器的设计%Design Of An RS232 USB Transducer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈心浩

    2003-01-01

    USB接口的外设逐步取代传统的RS232接口的外设,是当今计算机外设接口的发展趋势之一.FT8U232AM芯片可以很好地解决传统RS232接口与USB接口间协议转换的问题.文章介绍了FT8U232AM的工作原理、引脚功能以及典型电路.

  13. Dicty_cDB: CFJ232 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CF (Link to library) CFJ232 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U15540-1 CFJ232P (Link... to Original site) CFJ232F 548 CFJ232Z 718 CFJ232P 1246 - - Show CFJ232 Library CF (Link to library) Clone ID CFJ232 (Link to dict...yBase) Atlas ID - NBRP ID - dictyBase ID - Link to Contig Contig-U15540-1 Original site URL http://dict... QIDDKTGIFDSQRFLAFNNPQAMSKYESYRIYIHPSLGYSGNAKRFKQQPDVNEKALILD GNVYDGHLNPIYNCKICTEYYQTKSYFSANPHAKGKVLLVKNNILT...T QIDDKTGIFDSQRFLAFNNPQAMSKYESYRIYIHPSLGYSGNAKRFKQQPDVNEKALILD GNVYDGHLNPIYNCKICT

  14. 27 CFR 40.232 - Experimental purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Experimental purposes. 40... Products § 40.232 Experimental purposes. A manufacturer of tobacco products may use tobacco products for experimental purposes without determination and payment of tax as set forth in this section. (a) What...

  15. 49 CFR 232.602 - Applicability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION BRAKE SYSTEM SAFETY STANDARDS FOR FREIGHT AND OTHER NON-PASSENGER TRAINS AND EQUIPMENT; END-OF-TRAIN DEVICES Electronically Controlled Pneumatic (ECP) Braking Systems § 232.602... this part and equipped with an ECP brake system. Unless specifically excepted or modified in...

  16. 49 CFR 232.605 - Training requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION BRAKE SYSTEM SAFETY STANDARDS FOR FREIGHT AND OTHER NON-PASSENGER TRAINS AND EQUIPMENT; END-OF-TRAIN DEVICES Electronically Controlled Pneumatic (ECP) Braking Systems § 232.605 Training... equipped with an ECP brake system and each contractor that performs inspection, testing, or maintenance...

  17. 49 CFR 232.601 - Scope.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... TRANSPORTATION BRAKE SYSTEM SAFETY STANDARDS FOR FREIGHT AND OTHER NON-PASSENGER TRAINS AND EQUIPMENT; END-OF-TRAIN DEVICES Electronically Controlled Pneumatic (ECP) Braking Systems § 232.601 Scope. This subpart contains specific requirements applicable to freight trains and freight cars equipped with ECP...

  18. 43 CFR 17.232 - Postsecondary education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Postsecondary education. 17.232 Section 17... Postsecondary education. This section applies to postsecondary education and activities, including postsecondary vocational education programs or activities, that receive Federal financial assistance and to recipients that...

  19. Purification of selenium from thorium, uranium, radium, actinium and potassium impurities for low background measurements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rakhimov, A.V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Dubna (Russian Federation); Uzbek Academy of Sciences, Tashkent (Uzbekistan). Inst. of Nuclear Physics (INP AS RUz); Warot, G. [CEA-CNRS, Modane (France). Laboratoire Souterrain de Modane (LSM); Karaivanov, D.V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Dubna (Russian Federation); Institute for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy (INRNE), Sofia (Bulgaria); Kochetov, O.I.; Lebedev, N.A.; Filosofov, D.V. [Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Dubna (Russian Federation); Mukhamedshina, N.M.; Sadikov, I.I. [Uzbek Academy of Sciences, Tashkent (Uzbekistan). Inst. of Nuclear Physics (INP AS RUz)

    2013-07-01

    A technique of selenium purification from {sup 232}Th, {sup 238}U, {sup 226,228}Ra, {sup 227}Ac and {sup 40}K was developed. This technique is simple to perform and employs a minimum number of highly pure reagents (bidistilled water, nitric acid). Operations carried out during purification (elution, evaporation) practically exclude losses of the target product (chemical yields of Se > 99%). A test purification of 100 g of selenium was carried out using this technique. The efficiency of this technique was confirmed by low background gamma spectrometry of the purified selenium sample. Distribution coefficients of Th, U, Ra and Ac on DOWEX 50W- x 8 cation-exchange resin at different concentrations of selenium and nitric acid were experimentally determinated. Instrumental neutron activation analysis of bidistilled water, deionized water and nitric acid was performed. (orig.)

  20. 48 CFR 232.409-1 - Recommendation for approval.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Recommendation for approval. 232.409-1 Section 232.409-1 Federal Acquisition Regulations System DEFENSE ACQUISITION... for Non-Commercial Items 232.409-1 Recommendation for approval. Follow the procedures at PGI...

  1. 17 CFR 232.306 - Foreign language documents and symbols.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Foreign language documents and symbols. 232.306 Section 232.306 Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION... § 232.306 Foreign language documents and symbols. (a) All electronic filings and submissions must be...

  2. Calibration of 232U solution; Calibracion de una disolucion de 232U

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Galan Valera, M. P.; Acena Berrenechea, M. L.

    1988-07-01

    A method for as certain the activity by alpha spectroscopy with semiconductor detectors, of a solution of 232U is presented. It consists of the comparison with a 233U solution activity previously measured in a gridded ionization chamber of 2{pi} geometry. The total measurement uncertainty is about + - 0,02. (Author) 9 refs.

  3. 17 CFR 232.11 - Definition of terms used in part 232.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...(a)(48) of the Investment Company Act. Direct transmission. The term direct transmission means the... (Electronic Data Gathering, Analysis, and Retrieval) means the computer system for the receipt, acceptance... technical format requirements for an electronic submission. Note: See Rule 301 of Regulation S-T (§ 232.301...

  4. 48 CFR 1852.232-81 - Contract funding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 true Contract funding. 1852.232... 1852.232-81 Contract funding. As prescribed in 1832.705-270(b), insert the following clause: Contract Funding (JUN 1990) (a) For purposes of payment of cost, exclusive of fee, in accordance with...

  5. 48 CFR 232.470 - Advance payment pool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Advance payment pool. 232... Items 232.470 Advance payment pool. (a) An advance payment pool agreement— (1) Is a means of financing... addition to any other advance payment pool agreement at a single contractor location when it is...

  6. 48 CFR 252.232-7000 - Advance payment pool.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Advance payment pool. 252... Provisions And Clauses 252.232-7000 Advance payment pool. As prescribed in 232.412-70(a), use the following clause: Advance Payment Pool (DEC 1991) (a) Notwithstanding any other provision of this contract,...

  7. 46 CFR 232.6 - Financial report filing requirement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... RELATED ACTIVITIES UNIFORM FINANCIAL REPORTING REQUIREMENTS Income Statement § 232.6 Financial report filing requirement. (a) Reporting Frequency and Due Dates. The contractor shall file a semiannual... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Financial report filing requirement. 232.6 Section...

  8. USB/RS232转换器的实现%Implementation of USB/RS232 converter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡建平; 李雪红; 戴华林

    2004-01-01

    USB作为一种新的PC机互连协议,使外设到计算机的连接更加高效、便利,是计算机外设接口的发展趋势,将逐步取代RS232协议串口,因此很多传统的RS232接口设备都将面临一个向USB接口转换的问题.在实验的基础上总结出利用FT232BM芯片来开发USB/RS232转换器是最为简洁有效的方案,详细介绍了USB/RS232双向转换芯片FT232BM的工作原理、内部结构、引脚分布及功能,给出了利用FT232BM实现USB/RS232转换器的典型设计电路.

  9. 基于RS232-CAN和RS232-USB协议模块的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭耀泉; 吴淑娟; 陈永汉

    2011-01-01

    本文针对计算机与多个控制器构成的控制系统,提出了一种基于USB-RS232和CAN-RS232协议转换模块的多主通讯模式,与传统的基于RS232和RS485的主从通讯方式相比,不仅提高了通讯速度与效率,而且还提高了通讯的可靠性和稳定性。然后,从软硬件两个方面对所设计的USB-RS232和CAN-RS232协议转换模块进行详细的介绍。

  10. 基于RS232-CAN和RS232-USB协议模块的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭耀泉; 吴淑娟; 陈永汉

    2012-01-01

    本文针对计算机与多个控制器构成的控制系统,提出了一种基于USB-RS232和CAN-R S232协议转换模块的多主通讯模式,与传统的基于R S232和R S485的主从通讯方式相比,不仅提高了通讯速度与效率,而且还提高了通讯的可靠性和稳定性.然后,从软硬件两个方面对所设计的USB-R S232和CAN-R S232协议转换模块进行详细的介绍.

  11. USB and RS232 voltage datalogger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lorenzo Hernández Tabares

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 st1:*{behavior:url(#ieooui } /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:10.0pt; font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-ansi-language:#0400; mso-fareast-language:#0400; mso-bidi-language:#0400;} The design and construction of a PIC microcontroller based datalogger with USB 2.0 and RS232 interfaces is presented. The datalogger has one 0 to +10VDC analogue input, 10bits ADC, Real Time Clock, 4k sample room on the microcontroller’s program flash memory and an external DC power supply. This paper proposes a cheap variant to construct such device widely used in meteorological and environmental instrumentation among others. The prototype was attached to an Ultraviolet Photometric O3 Analyzer for recording the environmental (tropospheric ozone concentration in a control station at the Havana city. Key words: datalogger, USB, enviromental ozone

  12. Design and implementation of a fiber optic RS232 link

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, James W.

    1987-09-01

    This thesis investigates the feasibility of using a bi-directional fiber optic link to implement a RS232 data link. The results showed that a fiber optic link is a viable replacement. It offers a bandwidth up to 5 MHz, 250 times that of a RS232 data link. This fiber optic link was tested over a distance of 1.5 kilometers, nearly 100 times that of the present RS232 link. It also offers the benefits of space and weight savings and is comparable to devices produced commercially but at a substantial cost savings.

  13. Analyses of β-Bands of 230,232Th and 232,234U by the Projected Shell Model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CUI Ji-Wei; ZHOU Xian-Rong; CHEN Fang-Qi; SUN Yang; WU Cheng-Li

    2012-01-01

    The ground bands and β-bands of four nuclei 230,232Th and 232,234U in the actinide region are investigated by introducing a collective Do pair into the projected shell model.We discuss the collectivity of the Do pair.The calculated energy schemes agree well with experimental data,and so do the E2 transition rates.%The ground bands and β-bands of four nuclei 230,232 Th and 232,234 U in the actinide region are investigated by-introducing a collective Do pair into the projected shell model. We discuss the collectivity of the D0 pair. The calculated energy schemes agree well with experimental data, and so do the E2 transition rates.

  14. 以太网转RS232转换器设计%Ethernet to RS232 Converter Design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张成俊; 张李超; 史玉升

    2013-01-01

    为了实现现有以RS232为通讯方式的设备的网络化监控和管理,提出了以太网转RS232的转换器设计.利用STM32F107实现了对转换器的硬件设计,对软件模块进行了功能划分,利用主程序和中断服务程序对转换器功能进行软件实现.设计的以太网转RS232转换器具有较强的通用性,在不改变硬件平台的情况下,仅对软件的处理模块进行少量修改便能适应各种RS232协议.%In order to monitor and manage the existed device with RS232 communication protocol,Ethemet to RS232 converter design is necessary.The converter hardware design used STM32F107 as the main MCU.Converter software modules were divided by the converter function.Main program and interrupt service program software were designed to achieve the function of the converter.The designed Ethemet to RS232 converter has strong generality.It can only do small modification in the data handle module to satisfy the variety of RS232 protocol,without change the hardware platform.

  15. Production of actinium, thorium and radium isotopes from natural thorium irradiated with protons up to 141 MeV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ermolaev, S.V.; Zhuikov, B.L.; Kokhanyuk, V.M.; Matushko, V.L. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation). Inst. of Nuclear Research; Kalmykov, S.N. [Lomonosov Moscow State Univ., Moscow (Russian Federation). Chemistry Dept.; Aliev, R.A. [Lomonosov Moscow State Univ., Moscow (Russian Federation). Skobeltsyn Inst. of Nuclear Physics; Tananaev, I.G.; Myasoedov, B.F. [Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow (Russian Federation). A.N. Frumkin Inst. of Physical Chemistry and Electrochemistry

    2012-07-01

    Cross sections of {sup 225}Ac, {sup 227}Ac, {sup 227}Th and {sup 228}Th in thorium-232 targets irradiated with protons in the energy range 21-141 MeV have been measured. Based on these data, production yields of {sup 225}Ac and {sup 223}Ra in thick thorium targets have been calculated. It is possible to produce in proton energy range 60-140 MeV about 96 GBq (2.6 Ci) {sup 225}Ac per 10-d irradiation with 100 {mu}A proton beam current and 10-d decay, and much higher amount of {sup 223}Ra. The impurities of {sup 227}Ac and {sup 224}Ra are important and need to be assessed for further medical applications. (orig.)

  16. Design of CAN bus/RS232 interface%CAN总线/RS232接口的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵杰; 刘伟静; 孙慧佳; 李楠

    2008-01-01

    采用独立CAN控制器SJA1000作为CAN总线/RS232智能电平转换器的核心器件.介绍了SJA1000器件性能,重点介绍节点硬件设计,基于CAN协议栈的节点应用程序设计,软件包括CAN节点初始化、RS232报文发送、RS232报文接收、CAN报文发送和CAN报文接收,并在Keil C51编译器上编译、调试,大大提高了系统设计的实用性.

  17. 48 CFR 52.232-23 - Assignment of Claims.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Assignment of Claims. 52....232-23 Assignment of Claims. As prescribed in 32.806(a)(1), insert the following clause: Assignment of Claims (JAN 1986) (a) The Contractor, under the Assignment of Claims Act, as amended, 31 U.S.C. 3727, 41...

  18. 37 CFR 2.32 - Requirements for a complete application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE RULES OF PRACTICE IN TRADEMARK CASES The Written Application § 2.32 Requirements for a complete application. (a) The application must be in English and include the following: (1) A request for... characters, a description of the mark; (9) If the mark includes non-English wording, an English...

  19. Design and Construction Documents Associated with N232, Sustainability Base

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zornetzer, Steven F.; Schuler, Raymond F.; Grymes, Rosalind A.

    2014-01-01

    This request comprehensively covers documents associated with the design and construction of Sustainability Base, N232. The intent of this project specifically envisioned broad dissemination of these materials to others undertaking the design and construction of high-performing energy- and resource-efficient buildings in comparable climate zones.

  20. 48 CFR 232.703-3 - Contracts crossing fiscal years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contracts crossing fiscal... 232.703-3 Contracts crossing fiscal years. (b) The contracting officer may enter into a contract... one fiscal year and ends in the next fiscal year if the period of the contract awarded,...

  1. 48 CFR 3452.232-71 - Incremental funding.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 7 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Incremental funding. 3452... 3452.232-71 Incremental funding. As prescribed in 3452.771, insert the following provision in solicitations: Incremental Funding (AUG 1987) (a) Sufficient funds are not presently available to cover...

  2. 18 CFR 367.2320 - Account 232, Accounts payable.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... payable. This account must include all amounts payable by the service company within one year that are not... 18 Conservation of Power and Water Resources 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Account 232, Accounts payable. 367.2320 Section 367.2320 Conservation of Power and Water Resources FEDERAL ENERGY...

  3. Benchmarking ~(232)Th Evaluations With KBR and Thor Experiments

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    The n+232Th evaluations from CENDL-3.1, ENDF/B-Ⅶ.0, JENDL-3.3 and JENDL-4.0 were tested with KBR series and THOR benchmark from ICSBEP Handbook. THOR is Plutonium-Metal-Fast (PMF) criticality benchmark reflected with metal thorium.

  4. Preparation of 232Th Target by Molecule Plating

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>For the cross section measurement of the 232Th(α, 2n)234U reaction, thorium targets plated on the aluminium foil with 2 and 8 μm thickness are required. It was demanded that the mass thickness of the

  5. 48 CFR 53.232 - Contract financing (SF 1443).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Contract financing (SF... (CONTINUED) CLAUSES AND FORMS FORMS Prescription of Forms 53.232 Contract financing (SF 1443). SF 1443 (JUL 2009), Contractor's Request for Progress Payment. SF 1443 is prescribed for use in...

  6. 49 CFR 232.613 - End-of-train devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION BRAKE SYSTEM SAFETY STANDARDS FOR FREIGHT AND OTHER NON-PASSENGER TRAINS AND EQUIPMENT; END-OF-TRAIN DEVICES Electronically Controlled Pneumatic (ECP) Braking Systems § 232.613 End-of-train devices. (a) An ECP-EOT device shall, at a minimum, serve as the final node on the ECP...

  7. 17 CFR 232.301 - EDGAR Filer Manual.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false EDGAR Filer Manual. 232.301... Filer Manual. Filers must prepare electronic filings in the manner prescribed by the EDGAR Filer Manual... EDGAR Filer Manual, Volume I: “General Information,” Version 8 (September 2009). The requirements...

  8. Pd/k for RTF and 232-H TCAP units

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mosley, W.C.

    1991-01-29

    The Thermal Cycling Absorption Process (TCAP) will be used in the Replacement Tritium Facility (RTF) and 232-H Tritium Facility for separation of hydrogen isotopes. These TCAP units will be filled with palladium deposited on kieselguhr (Pd/k) that has been heat treated to reduce particle breakdown and sieved to remove particles smaller than 50 mesh (300{mu}m). Pd/k ordered for several applications in the RTF, including TCAP, was received at SRL in April 1989. Shortly thereafter, flow restriction caused by breakdown of the Pd/k particles was detected during operation of a TCAP unit in the Advanced Hydride Laboratory (AHL). Subsequent research at SRL showed that heating Pd/k at 1100{degrees}C in air for 2 hours greatly reduces mechanical breakdown. Based on these favorable results, sufficient Pd/k was heat treated to fill RTF and Building 232-H TCAP units. 11 refs., 11 figs., 7 tabs.

  9. 49 CFR 232.207 - Class IA brake tests-1,000-mile inspection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Class IA brake tests-1,000-mile inspection. 232... Class IA brake tests—1,000-mile inspection. (a) Except as provided in § 232.213, each train shall receive a Class IA brake test performed by a qualified person, as defined in § 232.5, at a location...

  10. 48 CFR 232.006 - Reduction or suspension of contract payments upon finding of fraud.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reduction or suspension of contract payments upon finding of fraud. 232.006 Section 232.006 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... FINANCING 232.006 Reduction or suspension of contract payments upon finding of fraud. ...

  11. 42 CFR 403.232 - Requirements and procedures for obtaining certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... certification. 403.232 Section 403.232 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES, DEPARTMENT OF... Voluntary Certification Program: General Provisions § 403.232 Requirements and procedures for obtaining certification. (a) To be certified by CMS, a policy must meet— (1) The NAIC model standards specified in §...

  12. 48 CFR 52.232-26 - Prompt payment for fixed-price architect-engineer contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...-price architect-engineer contracts. 52.232-26 Section 52.232-26 Federal Acquisition Regulations System... Text of Provisions and Clauses 52.232-26 Prompt payment for fixed-price architect-engineer contracts. As prescribed in 32.908(a), insert the following clause: Prompt Payment for Fixed-Price...

  13. 48 CFR 52.232-10 - Payments Under Fixed-Price Architect-Engineer Contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Architect-Engineer Contracts. 52.232-10 Section 52.232-10 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL... Provisions and Clauses 52.232-10 Payments Under Fixed-Price Architect-Engineer Contracts. As prescribed in 32.111(c)(1), insert the following clause: Payments Under Fixed-Price Architect-Engineer Contracts...

  14. 48 CFR 52.232-6 - Payment Under Communication Service Contracts With Common Carriers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Communication Service Contracts With Common Carriers. 52.232-6 Section 52.232-6 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION REGULATION (CONTINUED) CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions and Clauses 52.232-6 Payment Under Communication Service Contracts With Common...

  15. 24 CFR 232.905 - Labor standards and prevailing wage requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Labor standards and prevailing wage... ASSISTED LIVING FACILITIES Insurance of Mortgages Covering Existing Projects § 232.905 Labor standards and prevailing wage requirements. The provisions of §§ 232.70-232.74 of this part shall not apply to mortgages...

  16. 22 CFR 23.2 - Endorsing remittances for deposit in the Treasury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Endorsing remittances for deposit in the Treasury. 23.2 Section 23.2 Foreign Relations DEPARTMENT OF STATE FEES AND FUNDS FINANCE AND ACCOUNTING § 23.2 Endorsing remittances for deposit in the Treasury. The Office of Finance—Cashier Unit,...

  17. 29 CFR 779.232 - Franchise or other arrangements which create a larger enterprise.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... enterprise. 779.232 Section 779.232 Labor Regulations Relating to Labor (Continued) WAGE AND HOUR DIVISION... Apply; Enterprise Coverage Leased Departments, Franchise and Other Business Arrangements § 779.232 Franchise or other arrangements which create a larger enterprise. (a) In other instances, franchise...

  18. Phenotype abnormality: 232 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 232 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u1ria224u738i decreased speed...egimen in environment of continuous dark (no light) regimen http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u2ria224u31i vascular leaf ... decreased speed ... senescence ...

  19. RS232-GPIB控制器的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄君凯; 吴延军

    2006-01-01

    描述了基于RS232接口的GPIB控制器的设计,利用单片机控制GPIB接口芯片NAT9914,并通过SCPI语句在Windows操作系统自带的串口通信工具超级终端中,实现了计算机与GPIB仪器的通信与程控.

  20. RS232到并行数据变换

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2000-01-01

    @@ 标准IC可变换RS232格式到8位并行数据(带一个起始和终止位).整个成本和功耗低于任何可用的标准芯片. 此电路(见图1)可做为PC基串行接口(经COM1或COM2端口)的一部分.

  1. Převodník Ethernet na RS-232

    OpenAIRE

    Dreiseitel, Jiří

    2012-01-01

    Práce je věnována problematice konstrukce převodníku Ethernet na RS-232 za pomocí jednočipového mikrokontroléru. Cílem je seznámit čtenáře se síťovou technologií Ethernet a technologií pro sériový přenos založený na protokolu RS-232 a zároveň s technologií vestavěných systémů pro konstrukci zařízení.Součástí práce je kompletní návrh převodníku Ethernet na RS-232 včetně návrhu a implementace firmware v jazyce C za využití LwIP TCP/IP stacku. Převodník je postaven na základě vývojového kitu STM...

  2. 从RS232口获取+5 V电源%How to Get +5 V Power Source from RS232 Interface

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    符沧海

    2000-01-01

    由于RS232通信接口协议简单,工业控制系统已广泛应用RS232口对各种设备进行信号采集和控制.为了降低成本,缩小体积,这些输入输出设备可直接从RS232口获取控制电路所需的+5 V电源.文中介绍了从RS232口得到+5 V电源的几种变换电路.

  3. The alpha-decay of Pu-236 to U-232

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ardisson, G.; Bosschot, J. M.; Hussonnois, M.; Le Du, J. F.; Trubert, D.; Lederer, C. M.

    1994-10-01

    The gamma-spectrum following the alpha-decay of Pu-236 was reinvestigated using a high resolution HPGe detector. The energy and intensity of 26 gamma-transitions were measured accurately; 21 of these were observed for the first time. All gamma-rays were placed in a U-232 level scheme accounting for 13 levels of which 8 are reported for the first time. The ground state rotational band was found to be fed up to spin I (sup pi) = 8(sup +) and the K(sup pi) = 0(sup-) octupole band to be fed up to I = 5.

  4. PC interfacing using Centronics, RS232 and game ports

    CERN Document Server

    An, Pei

    1998-01-01

    The main links with your PC and the outside world are the centronic port, used for connecting the printer, the RS232 port, used for the mouse, and the games port for a joystick. This book explores how these input/output (I/O) ports can be put to use through a range of other interfacing applications. This is especially useful for laptop and palmtop PCs which cannot be fitted with internal I/O cards. A novel approach is taken by this book, combining the hardware through which the ports can be explored, and the software programming needed to carry out a range of experiments.Circuits are p

  5. Levels of 232U fed in 236Pu α decay

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ardisson, G.; Hussonnois, M.; Ledu, J. F.; Trubert, D.; Lederer, C. M.

    1994-06-01

    The γ spectrum following the α decay of 236Pu has been reinvestigated with a high-resolution HPGe detector. Accurate energies and intensities are reported for 26 γ transitions, of which 20 were observed for the first time. A decay scheme is constructed using the Ritz combination principle, γγ coincidence data, and previously known data from nuclear reactions and from232Pa β- decay. We observe feeding of the ground-state rotational band up to spin 8, the β vibrational band to spin 4, the K=0 octupole vibrational band to spin 5, and the bandhead of the γ vibrational band. New states of 232U at 927.3 and 967.7 keV, populated with low α-decay hindrance factors, are assigned as members of a second-excited Kπ=0+ band. The ratio of E1/E2 transitions in the decay of these states suggests that the E1 transitions to members of the K=0 octupole band may be rather fast (~=10-3 Weisskopf units). Systematics of hindrance factors for α decay to vibrational states are presented.

  6. Design of USB/RS232 Converter%USB与RS232接口转换器的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何源; 顾金良

    2006-01-01

    针对RS232接口向USB接口转换的需求,提出两类设计方案.一类方案以CY7C68013芯片为代表,从硬件底层固件开始,进行全面系统开发.另一类采用类似CP2102的USB/RS232双向转换专用芯片进行设计,只需对芯片功能了解和应用,无须深入开发.第一类方案由于成本和开发难度的限制而很少被采用,但在特殊的操作系统或专门的应用条件下是优选方案.第二类方案经常被采用,但因受到芯片生产商的限制而无法进行特殊的应用.应用设计人员可以根据实际情况选择适合的方案.

  7. 基于AVR单片机CAN总线转RS232的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    殷卫峰

    2012-01-01

    本文结合现在监测监控系统的网络化发展需要,采用ATMega16、SJAl000、MCP2551和MAX232,设计开发了CAN总线转RS232的接口,完成了两种协议的转换,实现了CAN总线与RS232设备的全双工通信。

  8. Design and Implementation of RS232/PROFIBUS-DP Intelligent Slave%PROFIBUS-DP/RS232智能从站的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王征; 张婕; 张云生

    2007-01-01

    实现RS232设备和PROFIBUS-DP总线的通讯对于工业控制有着重要的意义.本文介绍了PROFIBUS-DP/RS232智能从站的设计要点,阐述了智能从站在硬件和软件上的实现方法.实践表明:智能从站对主站和RS232接口设备具有数据传输功能,为系统开放互连和现场分布式控制打下基础.

  9. Design of RS232 Serial Communication Based on C%基于C语言的RS232串口通信的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志阳; 吴秀丽

    2014-01-01

    Serial communication is a communication mode between peripheral equipments and computer by sending a bit at one time. This paper briefly introduces RS-232 serial communication, and realizes the communica-tion through the C programming language.%串口通信是指外设和计算机间,通过相应的数据线,按位进行传输数据的一种通讯方式。本文将简要介绍RS-232串口通信,并通过C语言程序实现RS232串行通信。

  10. Design of USB -RS232 Converter and extend adapter%USB-RS232串口转换与扩展卡的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李祖裕; 古天祥; 周继勇

    2004-01-01

    本文提出了一种USB接口到RS232接口的串口转换及多串口扩展卡的设计方案,给出了该方案的硬件组成原理及软件设计方法.文中详细讨论了USB到RS232的转换技术,以及RS232多串口扩展技术的硬件和软件的设计.

  11. RS232/CAN智能协议转换器及其通信网络%RS232/CAN Intelligent Protocol Converter and Its Communication Network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵志军; 王建英

    2007-01-01

    为研制RS232/CAN智能协议转换器,根据技术要求,确定其硬件系统主要由RS232接口、CAN协议控制器和CAN总线收发器等组成,软件系统主要由参数设置子程序、RS232串口/CAN转换子程序、CRC校验子程序等组成.关键技术包括:在CAN控制器软件初始化过程中对系统中断的控制;采用硬件流控制实现数据传输过程的控制.将2个RS232/CAN智能转换器通过双绞线连接起来,实现2个设备之间的RS232点对点远程通信.在各设备处安装RS232/CAN智能转换器,通过双绞线连接,并在端点处安装匹配电阻即可组成RS232/CAN通信网络.在调度集中车站智能自律分机系统中,采用RS232/CAN智能协议转换器构建通信网络,既可充分利用原来的软硬件系统,又可提高系统的效率,缩短开发周期.

  12. Transmitting RS232/RS485 signal via fiber achieved by CPL%光纤传输 RS232/RS485信号的 CPLD 实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈振; 王景存; 王祥; 赵煜

    2014-01-01

    In the article, a convert-system is designed base on CPLD, which modulates the RS232/RS485 sig-nal in QDPSK, and converts it to optical signal, then transmits the signal via optical fiber, so that the system achieves the long-distance communication of RS232/RS485. It can be seen from the result of the experimental test and field operating that the system has a good performance, and can be a solution of the long-distance communication of RS232/RS485.%基于CPLD设计一个转换系统,对RS232/RS485信号进行QDPSK调制,并转换成光信号,利用光纤进行传输,实现了RS232/RS485的远距离通信。通过实验测试和现场运行结果来看,本系统性能良好,可以作为一种RS232/RS485远距离通信的解决方案。

  13. 34 CFR 75.232 - The cost analysis; basis for grant amount.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false The cost analysis; basis for grant amount. 75.232 Section 75.232 Education Office of the Secretary, Department of Education DIRECT GRANT PROGRAMS How Grants... objectives of the project with reasonable efficiency and economy under the budget in the application...

  14. 36 CFR 223.232 - Disclosure of relation to other bidders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Disclosure of relation to other bidders. 223.232 Section 223.232 Parks, Forests, and Public Property FOREST SERVICE, DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE SALE AND DISPOSAL OF NATIONAL FOREST SYSTEM TIMBER Special Forest Products Advertisement and...

  15. 17 CFR 232.406T - Temporary rule related to Interactive Data Files.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Temporary rule related to Interactive Data Files. 232.406T Section 232.406T Commodity and Securities Exchanges SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION REGULATION S-T-GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS FOR ELECTRONIC FILINGS Xbrl-Related Documents §...

  16. 48 CFR 1652.232-70 - Payments-community-rated contracts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... contracts. 1652.232-70 Section 1652.232-70 Federal Acquisition Regulations System OFFICE OF PERSONNEL MANAGEMENT FEDERAL EMPLOYEES HEALTH BENEFITS ACQUISITION REGULATION CLAUSES AND FORMS CONTRACT CLAUSES Texts... Carrier's demonstration project Contingency Reserve and then from the Employees Health Benefits Fund...

  17. 42 CFR 414.232 - Special payment rules for transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulators (TENS).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... nerve stimulators (TENS). 414.232 Section 414.232 Public Health CENTERS FOR MEDICARE & MEDICAID SERVICES... Special payment rules for transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulators (TENS). (a) General payment rule. Except as provided in paragraph (b) of this section, payment for TENS is made on a purchase basis...

  18. 17 CFR 232.103 - Liability for transmission errors or omissions in documents filed via EDGAR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Liability for transmission errors or omissions in documents filed via EDGAR. 232.103 Section 232.103 Commodity and Securities... documents filed via EDGAR. An electronic filer shall not be subject to the liability and...

  19. Design of RS232-powered controller for switched parasitic array antenna

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Mofolo, MOR

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available of the control interface port (RS232) from the host network node. The design supports different polarities and levels of the input voltage supplied by the RS232 signal lines, data terminal ready (DTR) and request to send (RTS). The power consumption for a varying...

  20. 48 CFR 52.232-31 - Invitation To Propose Financing Terms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 48 Federal Acquisition Regulations System 2 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Invitation To Propose Financing Terms. 52.232-31 Section 52.232-31 Federal Acquisition Regulations System FEDERAL ACQUISITION... contractual language describing the contract financing (see FAR 32.202-2 for appropriate definitions of...

  1. 24 CFR 1000.232 - Can an Indian tribe or TDHE amend its IHP?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... its IHP? 1000.232 Section 1000.232 Housing and Urban Development Regulations Relating to Housing and... an Indian tribe or TDHE amend its IHP? Yes. Section 103(c) of NAHASDA specifically provides that a recipient may submit modifications or revisions of its IHP to HUD. Unless the initial IHP...

  2. 49 CFR Appendix A to Part 232 - Schedule of Civil Penalties 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... notification 2,500 5,000 (f) Failure to void compressed air 2,500 5,000 232.207Class IA brake tests—1,000-mile... Design, interoperability, and configuration management requirements: (a) Failure to meet minimum... comply with a proper configuration management plan 7,500 11,000 232.605 Training Requirements:...

  3. 77 FR 72920 - Federal Housing Administration (FHA) Section 232 Healthcare Mortgage Insurance Program: Partial...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-07

    ... programs--health, Loan programs--housing and community development, Mortgage insurance, Nursing homes... URBAN DEVELOPMENT 24 CFR Part 232 RIN-2502-AJ04 Federal Housing Administration (FHA) Section 232 Healthcare Mortgage Insurance Program: Partial Payment of Claims AGENCY: Office of the Assistant...

  4. 基于proteus的RS232物理接口仿真

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘兴宾

    2007-01-01

    RS232接口以其简捷的通信协议在电子系统中得到了广泛的使用,proteus下的RS232接口模型的索引号为COMPIM,在仿真电路运行时,该模型会与计算机对应的RS232 9针物理接口建立起联系。在电子技术中,RS232接口的每个针脚都有其特殊的定义。以计算机端的RS232 9针接口为例,其中TXD为串行数据发送线,RXD为串行数据接收线,

  5. Design of USB 、RS232/RS422 interface convertion circuit%USB、RS232/S422接口转换电路的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄燕妮; 王少云

    2012-01-01

    由于USB接口正逐步替代传统的RS232接口成为PC机的标准接口,USB接口转换电路的设计就很有必要。采用Silicon公司高集成度的USB—UART桥接器件CP2102,辅以简单的外部电路,实现了RS232/RS422接口与USB接口转换电路的设计。其中在详细介绍CP2102结构和特性的基础上,给出了接口转换的硬件电路图,最后简单介绍了转换器的工作原理。%Due to USB(Universal Serial Bus) interface is gradually replacing the traditional RS232 interface,and becoming the PC standard interface, the conversion circuit of USB,RS232 / RS422 interface is important and necessary. Using Silicon's CP2102 which is highly-integrated USB to UART bridge device, the paper provides USB interface convertion with a simple external circuit. On the basis of introducting the feature and structure of CP2102, the paper gives how to design hardware circuit of USB ,RS232 / RS422 interface conversion and how to use it.

  6. Molecular characteristic and pathogenicity of Indonesian H5N1 clade 2.3.2 viruses

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dharmayanti NLPI

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available The outbreak of disease in late 2012 in Indonesia caused high duck mortality. The agent of the disease was identified as H5N1 clade 2.3.2. The disease caused economic loss to the Indonesian duck farmer. The clade 2.3.2 of H5N1 virus has not previously been identified, so this study was conducted to characterize 4 of H5N1 clade 2.3.2 viruses by DNA sequencing in eight genes segment virus namely HA, NA, NS, M, PB1, PB2, PA and NP. The pathogenicity test of clade 2.3.2 viruses in ducks was compared to clade 2.1.3 viruses which predominat circulating in Indonesia. Results of phylogenetic tree analysis showed that the four of clade 2.3.2 viruses isolated in 2012 was the new introduced virus from abroad. Further analysis showed eight genes were in one group with the clade 2.3.2 viruses, especially those from VietNam and did not belong to Indonesia viruses group. The pathogenicity test in ducks showed that virus H5N1 clade 2.3.2 and clade 2.1.3 have similar clinical symptoms and pathogenicity and cause death in 75% of ducks on days 3-6 after infection.

  7. 48 CFR 252.232-7005 - Reimbursement of subcontractor advance payments-DoD pilot mentor-protege program.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... subcontractor advance payments-DoD pilot mentor-protege program. 252.232-7005 Section 252.232-7005 Federal... subcontractor advance payments—DoD pilot mentor-protege program. As prescribed in 232.412-70(c), use the following clause: Reimbursement of Subcontractor Advance Payments—DoD Pilot Mentor-Protege Program (SEP...

  8. Design and Realization of CAN and RS232 Transformation Node%CAN与RS232转换节点的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周伟; 程晓红

    2008-01-01

    介绍将CAN总线接口与RS232总线接口相互转换的设计方法和2种总线电平转换关系,实现CAN总线与各模块的接口设计,制定了相应的软硬件设计方案,并给出软件设计流程图以及部分硬件设计原理图.为CAN总线与RS232总线互联提供了一种方法,对CAN总线与RS232总线接口设备的互联和广泛应用的实现具有重要意义.

  9. A mcu-free RS232/485 converter%一种免微控器的RS232/485转换器

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    盛琥; 杨景曙

    2005-01-01

    本文介绍了一种无需微控制器控制的RS232/485转换器,实现了纯硬件的收发控制切换以及串口取电功能,从而避免了常规RS232/485转换器需要对微控制器进行软件编程且通用性不好的问题,具有很好的可行性.

  10. Constructing NTP Time Server by GPS Clock's RS232%GPS时钟RS232搭建NTP时钟服务器

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    饶鹏

    2015-01-01

    高精度时间基准是许多计算机系统运行基础.GPS时钟能提供稳定的高精度授时,其提供的时间同步方式包括NTP、RS232以及IRIG-B.NTP协议是计算机系统内使用最广泛的网络时间同步协议,通过GPS时钟RS232时间信息搭建NTP时钟服务器,可以实现系统内的时间同步.

  11. The Design and Application of CAN-RS232 Converter %CAN-RS232转换器的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周述良

    2011-01-01

    本文介绍了基于80C51的CAN-RS232转换器的设计与实现.给出了转换器的硬件接口电路的原理图和软件实现的流程图.探讨了其硬件设计结构和软件部分中初始化模块、CAN通信接口模块和RS232通信接口模块的设计思路.

  12. GPIB与RS232/485和并行口转换器的设计%GPIB-RS232/485/Parallel Port Converter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马永锋; 商庆华; 李东滨; 马怀俭

    2000-01-01

    针对国内带GPIB接口仪器较少,不便于组建总线式自动测试系统的现状,利用80C32,PSD311等单片机系统,设计了一种GPIB与RS232/485和并行口之间的转换器,使之能够将带RS232/485和并行口的仪器接入GPIB总线系统.实践结果表明:该转换器结构简单,功能完善,操作方便.

  13. Gamma-spectrometric determination of {sup 232}U in uranium-bearing materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zsigrai, Jozsef [European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC), Institute for Transuranium Elements (ITU), 76125 Karlsruhe, P.O. Box 2340 (Germany); Nguyen, Tam Cong [Centre for Energy Research of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences (EK), 1525 Budapest 114, P.O. Box 49 (Hungary); Berlizov, Andrey [European Commission, Joint Research Centre (JRC), Institute for Transuranium Elements (ITU), 76125 Karlsruhe, P.O. Box 2340 (Germany)

    2015-09-15

    The {sup 232}U content of various uranium-bearing items was measured using low-background gamma spectrometry. The method is independent of the measurement geometry, sample form and chemical composition. Since {sup 232}U is an artificially produced isotope, it carries information about previous irradiation of the material, which is relevant for nuclear forensics, nuclear safeguards and for nuclear reactor operations. A correlation between the {sup 232}U content and {sup 235}U enrichment of the investigated samples has been established, which is consistent with theoretical predictions. It is also shown how the correlation of the mass ratio {sup 232}U/{sup 235}U vs. {sup 235}U content can be used to distinguish materials contaminated with reprocessed uranium from materials made of reprocessed uranium.

  14. Gamma-spectrometric determination of 232U in uranium-bearing materials

    CERN Document Server

    Zsigrai, Jozsef; Berlizov, Andriy

    2015-01-01

    The 232U content of various uranium-bearing items was measured using low-background gamma-spectrometry. The method is independent of the measurement geometry, sample form and chemical composition. Since 232U is an artificially produced isotope, it carries information about previous irradiation of the material, which is relevant for nuclear forensics, nuclear safeguards and for nuclear reactor operations. A correlation between the 232U content and 235U enrichment of the investigated samples has been established, which is consistent with theoretical predictions. It is also shown how the correlation of the mass ratio 232U/235U vs. 235U content can be used to distinguish materials contaminated with reprocessed uranium from materials made of reprocessed uranium.

  15. 以太网转RS232转换器的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘艺

    2015-01-01

    为了实现现有以RS232为通讯方式的设备的网络化监控和管理,提出了以太网转RS232的转换器设计。利用STM32F103实现了对转换器的硬件设计,对软件模块进行了功能划分,利用主程序和中断服务程序对转换器功能进行软件实现。设计的以太网转RS232转换器具有较强的通用性,在不改变硬件平台的情况下,仅对软件的处理模块进行少量修改便能适应各种RS232协议。%In order to monitor and manage the existed device with RS232 communication protocol,Ethernet to RS232 converter design is necessary.The converter hardware design used STM32F103 as the main MCU.Converter software modules were divided by the converter function.Main program and interrupt service program software were designed to achieve the function of the converter.The designed Ethernet to RS232 converter has strong generality.It can only do smal modification in the data handle module to satisfy the variety of RS232 protocol, without change the hardware platform.

  16. 一种RS232-USB通信接口设计方案

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永珍

    2008-01-01

    本文从理论上讨论了一种RS232-USB通信接口的设计方案,分别从硬件设计、软件设计及系统测试三方面进行了具体分析,为进一步实现RS232-USB通信接口提供了一个解决的思路和方法。

  17. The ID23-2 structural biology microfocus beamline at the ESRF

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flot, David, E-mail: flot@esrf.fr [European Molecular Biology Laboratory, 6 rue Jules Horowitz, BP 181, 38042 Grenoble (France); Mairs, Trevor; Giraud, Thierry; Guijarro, Matias; Lesourd, Marc; Rey, Vicente; Brussel, Denis van; Morawe, Christian; Borel, Christine; Hignette, Olivier; Chavanne, Joel; Nurizzo, Didier; McSweeney, Sean; Mitchell, Edward [European Synchrotron Radiation Facility, 6 rue Jules Horowitz, BP 181, 38043 Grenoble (France)

    2010-01-01

    Beamline ID23-2, the first dedicated and highly automated high-throughput monochromatic macromolecular crystallography microfocus beamline, is described. The first phase of the ESRF beamline ID23 to be constructed was ID23-1, a tunable MAD-capable beamline which opened to users in early 2004. The second phase of the beamline to be constructed is ID23-2, a monochromatic microfocus beamline dedicated to macromolecular crystallography experiments. Beamline ID23-2 makes use of well characterized optical elements: a single-bounce silicon (111) monochromator and two mirrors in Kirkpatrick–Baez geometry to focus the X-ray beam. A major design goal of the ID23-2 beamline is to provide a reliable, easy-to-use and routine microfocus beam. ID23-2 started operation in November 2005, as the first beamline dedicated to microfocus macromolecular crystallography. The beamline has taken the standard automated ESRF macromolecular crystallography environment (both hardware and software), allowing users of ID23-2 to be rapidly familiar with the microfocus environment. This paper describes the beamline design, the special considerations taken into account given the microfocus beam, and summarizes the results of the first years of the beamline operation.

  18. Design and Application of Converter between RS232 and CAN%RS232-CAN协议转换器的设计及应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓广福; 刘光达; 周志坚

    2006-01-01

    为解决RS232接口设备传输距离短、不便于组网等问题,根据CAN(Controller Area Network)总线的传输距离远、抗干扰能力强、便于组网等特点,设计了基于CAN总线技术、串行通信技术和单片机技术的RS232-CAN协议转换器,给出了协议转换器的设计原理、软硬件设计方法及实际应用中的注意事项.该转换器使信号的传输距离达到10 km,通信速率可调,可组成具有多达110个节点的多机使用网络,对RS232接口设备及RS232接口设备与CAN接口设备的联机使用有重要意义.

  19. Study and Implementation Method of Communication and Control Technologies of Projector Based on RS232 Serial Interface%投影机RS232串口通信控制研究与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄天强

    2013-01-01

    本文介绍了投影机RS232串口通信控制的研究与实现方法,讨论了投影机 RS232串行通信控制技术及 MSComm串行通信控件,研究利用VB语言编程实现投影机RS232串行通信控制的过程。%Having introduced the study and implementation method of Communication and control technologies of projector based on RS232 Serial Interface, the RS232 serial communication and control of projector and MSComm control technology in VB 6.0 are introduced, the use of VB 6.0 programming RS232 serial communication and control process of projector is studied.

  20. An ISA RS232-RS422/RS485 Converters Card with Optical Isolation%基于ISA总线的RS232/RS485(RS422)通讯转换卡

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陆熊; 周杏鹏

    2003-01-01

    本文针对ISA总线标准,设计了一种带光电隔离的RS232转换卡,它既能实现RS232至RS485的转换,又能实现RS232至RS422的转换,较好地实现了工业控制现场远程数据传输功能.

  1. Method of Upgrade RS232 Device to USB Device and Development of USB Device%RS232设备到USB设备的升级及USB设备的开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    余善恩; 尚群立

    2007-01-01

    介绍了RS232、USB总线及其发展前景,针对USB总线技术蓬勃发展、RS232端口逐渐匮乏但RS232设备在短期内将仍有生命力这一状况,提出了一种快速升级RS232设备到USB设备的方法,同时讨论了在VB中利用MSComm控件快速开发简单USB设备这一简便途径.

  2. CSER 94-013: Classification and access to PFP 232-Z Incinerator Facility and limits on characterization and disassembly activities in 232-Z burning hood

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miller, E.M.

    1995-01-12

    This CSER justifies the Limited Control Facility designation for the closed Burning Hood in the PFP 232-Z Incinerator Facility. If the Burning Hood is opened to characterize the plutonium distribution and geometric integrity of the internals or for disassembly of the internals, then the more rigorous Fissionable Material Facility classification is required. Two sets of requirements apply for personnel access, criticality firefighting category for water use, and fissile material movement for the two states of the Burning Hood. The parameters used in the criticality analysis are listed to establish the limits under which this CSER is valid. Determination that the Burning Hood fissile material, moderation, or internal arrangements are outside these limits requires reevaluation of these parameter values and activities at the 232-Z Incinerator Facility. When the Burning Hood is open, water entry is to be prevented by two physical barriers for each water source.

  3. Reformation practice of S232 SUCKER sizing machine%S232型祖克浆纱机的改造实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘安君; 窦海萍

    2009-01-01

    为解决祖克S232型浆纱机织轴卷绕故障率高、烘燥温度不稳定、压浆力调节装置失控、经轴退绕张力不稳定的问题,进行了技术改造.通过采用多单元技术对织轴卷绕装置进行了两单元改造,对温控系统、压浆力凋节装置以及经轴退绕装置采用了可编程PLC控制技术,改造后提高了祖克S232型浆纱机的自动化程度,降低了设备故障率,提高了浆纱质量.

  4. NT-proBNP on Cobas h 232 in point-of-care testing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gils, Charlotte; Ramanathan, R.; Breindahl, T.;

    2015-01-01

    Background. NT-proBNP may be useful for ruling out heart failure in primary health care. In this study we examined the analytical quality of NT-proBNP in primary health care on the Cobas h 232 point-of-care instrument compared with measurements performed in a hospital laboratory. Materials...... and methods. Blood samples requested for NT-proBNP were collected in primary health care (n = 95) and in a hospital laboratory (n = 107). NT-proBNP was measured on-site on Cobas h 232 instruments both in primary health care centres and at the hospital laboratory and all samples were also analyzed...... with a comparison method at the hospital. Precision, trueness, accuracy, and lot-variation were determined at different concentration levels and evaluated according to acceptance criteria. Furthermore user-friendliness was assessed by questionnaires. Results. For Cobas h 232 repeatability CV was 8...

  5. 基于C++ Builder的RS232串行通信实现%Implementation of Serail Communication on RS232 by C++ Builder

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范伟亮; 杨景曙; 赵义正

    2008-01-01

    对Windows环境下,使用C++ Builder编译平台实现RS-232串行通信的方法进行研究,分析比较了三种方法,并例举了在导航系统可视化仿真软件的开发设计中TComm方法的应用.

  6. 自制RS232/RS485转换器应用%Long Distance Communication based Changed of RS232/RS485

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙东; 韩绍坤; 邢怀飞

    2005-01-01

    文中阐述RS232/RS485转换器的电路设计,以及结合VB6的MSComm控件和松下电工的MEWTOCOL-COM协议,实现小型集散式控制系统的软硬件设计.具有成本低、易于开发、远距离、抗干扰等特点

  7. THE STUDY OF A NEW TYPE OF RS232 TO RS485 CONVERTOR%RS232至RS485转换器的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎永光; 金伟正

    2002-01-01

    介绍一种RS232至RS485转换器的原理.给出该转换器的硬件原理图.该转换器能设定波特率(BaudRate)及自动识别数据流的传输方向,非常适合于网络型温度传感器的组网.

  8. OPTO控制系统RS232通信的实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾坤鹏; 郑鹏

    2016-01-01

    本文通过在评价装置中应用美国OPTO 22公司的SNAP PAC控制系统,以RS232串口通讯协议实现对流量泵的精确控制,重点研究了SNAP PAC控制系统的RS232串口通讯的实现方法.该方法简单,长时间运行可靠,满足评价装置的要求.

  9. 基于热堆的钍铀转换过程中232U生成的模拟计算%Simulative calculation of 232U productions in thorium-uranium transform process based on thermal reactor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊文纲; 李文新; 王敏

    2012-01-01

    在钍铀燃料循环过程中生成的232U的衰变子体具有强γ放射性,对燃料循环具有重要影响.本工作采用ORIGEN2、SCALE5程序,以及基于Bateman方法编写的程序,分析了在不同条件下,热堆中钍反应生成232U的规律.一般情况下,232U主要由232Th的(n,2n)反应链生成,而在中子能谱更软情况下,230Th对232U生成贡献增大;CANDU型重水堆和压水堆的含钍燃料组件的燃耗计算结果表明,铀中232U含量随燃耗深度增加而变大,同时初始230Th/Thtotal大小直接线性影响卸料燃耗时232U/Utotal或232U/233U.

  10. 利用RS232-CAN总线转换器实现多机通讯%A Method of Realization of MCUS' Communication by Using RS232-CAN Bus Converter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙飞; 汤俊玲

    2004-01-01

    RS232通讯距离短,而且只能进行点到点通讯,不能直接组建多点通讯网络.为了延长RS232的通讯距离,并将RS232节点组成通讯网络,目前广泛使用RS232/RS485信号转换器.但是,由于RS485通讯本身的局限性,在实际应用中存在许多不足.为此,可以将RS232通讯网络转换成CAN通讯网络,以更好地解决用户建立远程通讯网络的问题.

  11. Radiation protection of MOX-fuel by doping with Pa-23 and U-232

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kryuchkov, EF; Glebov, VB; Apse, VA; Shmelev, AN

    2005-01-01

    The paper addresses the problem of MOX-fuel self-protection at the "Spent Fuel Standard" level and more during full cycle of MOX-fuel management. Under conditions of the closed LWR cycle the proliferation-resistance levels were evaluated for fresh and spent MOX-fuel doped with Pa-231 and U-232. Acco

  12. 77 FR 40310 - Federal Housing Administration (FHA) Section 232 Healthcare Mortgage Insurance Program: Partial...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-09

    .... Environmental Impact A Finding of No Significant Impact with respect to the environment has been made, in... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND URBAN DEVELOPMENT 24 CFR Part 232 RIN-2502-AJ04 Federal Housing Administration (FHA) Section...

  13. 17 CFR 232.402 - Liability for XBRL-Related Documents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Liability for XBRL-Related... REGULATION S-T-GENERAL RULES AND REGULATIONS FOR ELECTRONIC FILINGS Xbrl-Related Documents § 232.402 Liability for XBRL-Related Documents. (a) Not deemed filed for liability purposes. XBRL-Related...

  14. 17 CFR 232.104 - Unofficial PDF copies included in an electronic submission.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Unofficial PDF copies included... Filing Requirements § 232.104 Unofficial PDF copies included in an electronic submission. (a) An... (§ 249.101 of this chapter) or a Form D (§ 239.500 of this chapter), may include one unofficial PDF copy...

  15. 17 CFR 232.105 - Limitation on use of HTML documents and hypertext links.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Limitation on use of HTML... Requirements § 232.105 Limitation on use of HTML documents and hypertext links. (a) Electronic filers must... exhibits to Form N-SAR in HTML. (b) Electronic filers may not include in any HTML document hypertext links...

  16. 49 CFR 232.211 - Class III brake tests-trainline continuity inspection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Class III brake tests-trainline continuity... § 232.211 Class III brake tests-trainline continuity inspection. (a) A Class III brake test shall be... configuration of the train has changed in certain ways. In particular, a Class III brake test shall be...

  17. 28 CFR 2.32 - Parole to local or immigration detainers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 28 Judicial Administration 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Parole to local or immigration detainers... § 2.32 Parole to local or immigration detainers. (a) When a State or local detainer is outstanding... wishes to parole a prisoner subject to a detainer filed by Federal immigration officials, the...

  18. The Calculation of 233U and 232U in Irradiation Process of Thorium

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MA; Peng; MAO; Guo-shu

    2012-01-01

    <正>Currently,sufficient nuclear fuel supply is the most important problem with the nuclear power growing rapidly, so the use of thorium fuel is being put on the agenda. The applicability of thorium as a power reactor fuel is based on a (n, γ) reaction of 232Th. The resulting nuclide, 233Th, is unstable to form

  19. 49 CFR 232.217 - Train brake tests conducted using yard air.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 49 Transportation 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Train brake tests conducted using yard air. 232... Train brake tests conducted using yard air. (a) When a train air brake system is tested from a yard air... reduction of brake pipe air pressure at the same, or slower, rate as an engineer's brake valve. (b) The...

  20. 49 CFR 232.603 - Design, interoperability, and configuration management requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... (Continued) FEDERAL RAILROAD ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION BRAKE SYSTEM SAFETY STANDARDS FOR... Pneumatic (ECP) Braking Systems § 232.603 Design, interoperability, and configuration management requirements. (a) General. A freight car or freight train equipped with an ECP brake system shall, at a...

  1. 24 CFR 232.825 - Pro rata refund of insurance premium.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Pro rata refund of insurance... ASSISTED LIVING FACILITIES Contract Rights and Obligations Premiums § 232.825 Pro rata refund of insurance... rata portion of the current annual loan insurance premium theretofore paid which is applicable to...

  2. 40 CFR 170.232 - Knowledge of labeling and site-specific information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 40 Protection of Environment 23 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Knowledge of labeling and site... (CONTINUED) PESTICIDE PROGRAMS WORKER PROTECTION STANDARD Standard for Pesticide Handlers § 170.232 Knowledge of labeling and site-specific information. (a) Knowledge of labeling information. (1) The...

  3. 78 FR 32460 - Comment Request for Information Collection for ETA Form 232, Domestic Agricultural In-Season Wage...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-30

    ... Employment and Training Administration Comment Request for Information Collection for ETA Form 232, Domestic Agricultural In-Season Wage Report and ETA Form 232-A, Wage Survey Interview Record, Extension with Revisions AGENCY: Employment and Training Administration (ETA), Labor. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Department...

  4. 7 CFR 1951.232 - Water and waste disposal systems which have become part of an urban area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... maintain the system under a lease-purchase arrangement which provides that: (1) The urban community will... part of an urban area. 1951.232 Section 1951.232 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of... Water and waste disposal systems which have become part of an urban area. A water and/or waste disposal...

  5. 8 CFR 232.2 - Examination in the United States of alien applicants for benefits under the immigration laws and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... applicants for benefits under the immigration laws and other aliens. 232.2 Section 232.2 Aliens and Nationality DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY IMMIGRATION REGULATIONS DETENTION OF ALIENS FOR PHYSICAL AND... immigration laws and other aliens. (a) General. When a medical examination is required of an alien who...

  6. 48 CFR 52.232-35 - Designation of Office for Government Receipt of Electronic Funds Transfer Information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Contractor Registration, the Government has designated the office cited in paragraph (c) of this clause as... information to the payment office, or any other office than that designated in paragraph (c). The Government... Government Receipt of Electronic Funds Transfer Information. 52.232-35 Section 52.232-35 Federal Acquisition...

  7. 17 CFR 232.312 - Accommodation for certain information in filings with respect to asset-backed securities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... information in filings with respect to asset-backed securities. 232.312 Section 232.312 Commodity and... filings with respect to asset-backed securities. (a) For filings with respect to asset-backed securities... inclusion in the prospectus for the asset-backed securities, and will be deemed to be included in the...

  8. [The action of 232Th separately and in combination with heavy and alkaline metal salts on Tradescantia (clone 02)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evseeva, T I; Geras'kin, S A

    2000-01-01

    The action of 232Th-nitrate in concentration 0.09, 0.18 and 0.36 mg/l (counting on 232Th ion) on water cultures of Tradescantia (clone 02) was investigated. It was found that all investigated concentrations of 232Th showed statistically significant genotoxic effect and increased level of morphological abnormal cells in the stamen hairs of Tradescantia in the absence of modifying action of other metal ions. Synergistic toxic interaction was found between the 232Th in concentration 0.18 mg/l and metal ions for all samples of thawed water. Synergistic genotoxic effect of the combined action of these factors was revealed only at the low total contents of ions of heavy and alkaline metals in thawed water samples. The observed synergistic effects of the combined action of 232Th and metal ions should be taken into account when controlling the radionuclide level in the environment.

  9. Protocol RS232 Triggered the Application in the Oscilloscope%RS232协议触发在示波器中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊国慧; 田书林; 邱渡裕

    2009-01-01

    在数字存储示波器中,触发电路的作用就在于保证每次采集的数据,都是从输入信号上的一个精确确定的点开始,这样每一次扫描的波形就是同步的,从而显示稳定的波形.基本示波器触发有边沿触发,斜率触发,脉宽触发.但对RS232信号来说,由于其波形不是周期的,这些触法方式都不能显示稳定的波形.文章基于Xilinx公司的XC3S250ETQ144芯片设计了一个模块,它可以检测RS232总线开始传输数据的信号,结束传输数据的信号,或者总线上传送的数据进行触发,并且具有很强的移植性.%in the Digital Oscilloscope,the Purpose of trigger circuit is Guaranteed each collected data is from a precise determi-nation start point of the input signal. So, the wavefrom collected is synchronous every time, and displaying Stable waveform. The basic trigger modes are Edge trigger, slope Trigger, plus trigger, But RS232 signal is not a periodic signal. These Trigger Modes can not display Stable waveform. In this essay, a module is designed Based on the products named XG3S250ETQ144 of Xilinx company to detect the begin signal of transmission, the end signal of transmission, or the data is transmitted to trigger. This mod-ule can be transplanted easily,

  10. Study of RS232 Serial Communication in DOS Platform%Dos与Windows环境之间的RS232串行通讯的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘春雷; 邹云涛

    2007-01-01

    现在的许多工业控制软件都是基于DOS或Windows等单个操作平台上的,但在许多时候也会用到跨平台的操作.本文就针对在DOS和Windows两种操作平台中实现串行通讯进行了研究,并设计实现了上位机Dos环境与下位机Windows环境的之间的RS232串行通信.

  11. Serial Interface Converter Between RS232 and RS485%串行通信RS232/RS485转换器

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓素萍

    2001-01-01

    文章介绍了美国德州仪器公司生产的一种RS485接口芯片SN75LBC184的主要特点和功能,给出了一种低成本、带光电隔离的RS232/RS485转换器的设计电路.该转换器电路结构简单,工作可靠,能满足大部分工业现场控制场合的使用要求.

  12. Implementation of RS232-Ethemet Interlinkage Using RCM2200%利用RCM2200实现RS232与以太网接口互连

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘高平; 杨世才

    2004-01-01

    文章介绍了一种利用嵌入式RCM2200模块实现RS232串口与以太网互连的方法.文中首先给出了由模块RCM2200构成的互连模块硬件结构,然后论述了互连模块软件实现中几个关键技术,最后给出了互连模块的测试情况.

  13. Software Design of the Protocol Conversion of CAN and RS232%CAN和RS232协议转换卡的软件设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈大鹏; 王宁会

    2003-01-01

    介绍了一种CAN和RS232协议转换卡的软件设计.引入了消息队列的概念,介绍了消息的基本处理机制,并为此定义了有特色的帧格式.软件由C语言在8位单片机上实现,在CAN总线分布式测控系统的构成中得到了验证.

  14. Research of RS232 Interface Communication for the UC70D Multimeter%UC70D万用表RS232接口通讯研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李铮; 张震华

    2009-01-01

    UC70D万用表除了具有普通万用表的特点外,在测量精度方面也比较高,并且具有RS232接口,便于应用在测量领域.本设计解析了UC70D万用表的传送命令,并给出了与MCS51单片机连接的硬件原理图和部分程序,该设计在系统中运行良好.

  15. 嵌入式RS232/Internet网关的设计与实现%Design and implementation of an embedded RS232/internet gateway

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高福祥; 曹杰; 崔秀丽; 高渲

    2006-01-01

    本文阐述嵌入式RS232/Internet网关的硬、软件设计和实现.首先介绍网关的功能;其次介绍以单片机和以太网控制器RTL8019AS为核心搭建的硬件结构;最后详细介绍了软件设计.嵌入式网关主要完成具有RS232接口的设备通过Internet传送数据的问题.

  16. Connect into the CAN Net Via RS232 Interface Based on PIC18F4580%基于RS232接口接入CAN的实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁亮

    2008-01-01

    CAN是现在汽车电子、工业控制领域中应用非常广泛的一种网络.论文介绍了利用Microchip公司的PIC18F4580微控制器,使用PC机中的RS232接口和Windows系统中自带的超级终端软件将PC机接入CAN,从而提供了一种对CAN中各节点的测试与评估的低成本方法.

  17. Data Acquisition System Based on RS232/485 Protocol%基于RS232/485协议的数据采集系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈鸣慰; 袁作林; 季鹏

    2009-01-01

    在自动化测量、数据实时采集和监控系统中,智能仪表之间、计算机和智能仪表之间的数据通信越来越重要.串行通信是主要的通信方式.结合工程实例,阐述了RS232/485串12通信原理,使用多线程技术实现了罐区的数据采集和传输系统.

  18. 基于FPGA的RS232串行接口设计%Design Method of RS232 Serial Interface Based on FPGA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田红霞; 戴彦; 鹿玉红

    2010-01-01

    为了提高系统开发效率,减少资源消耗,提出了一种基于FPGA的串行接口设计方法.该设计采用RS232串行通讯协议,以Verilog为硬件描述语言,实现了串行通信的接收和发送模块,为用户进行系统设计提供了通用的异步串行接口.

  19. CAN-RS232通信转换模块的设计与实现%Design and realization of converter module between RS232 and CAN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何宝福; 张文红

    2007-01-01

    设计了一个结构简单、使用方便、应用面广的CAN节点与RS232串口通信转换模块,详细介绍了该模块的工作原理和实现方法,即通过软硬件相结合实现电平标准和通信协议的转换,从而完成两者之间的信息传输.

  20. 海南自然诱发条件下籼稻A232抗螟性鉴定%Identification of Resistant to Stem-borer of Indica Rice A232 Under Natural Conditions in Hainan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李永洪; 谢戎; 刘成元; 向箭宇

    2011-01-01

    筛选、发掘抗螟虫种质资源是培育抗虫品种的基础.本试验利用海南螟虫选择压大的自然条件,采用枯心指数法鉴定A232抗螟性.结果表明:A232枯心率为10.82%,极显著低于对照F77.A232枯心指数为36.31%,抗螟性达中抗水平.对该材料的利用进行了讨论.%Screening and exploring the germplasm resources of resistant to stem-borer were a foundation to breed the resistant varieties. Characteristics of resistance to stem-borer of A232 were identified by using the index of dead heart under natural rice fields condition with high selection pressure to stem-borer in Hainan province. The results showed that the dead heart rate of A232 was 10.82 % , significantly less than that of the contrast variety F77. The index of dead heart of A232 was 36.31 % , indicating that A232 reached the medium level of stem-borer resistance. At the same time,the use of tested material were discussed in this paper.

  1. Measurement of 232Th(, ) and 232Th(, 2) cross-sections at neutron energies of 13.5, 15.5 and 17.28 MeV using neutron activation techniques

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Sadhana Mukerji; H Naik; S V Suryanarayana; S Chachara; B S Shivashankar; V Mulik; Rita Crasta; Sudipta Samanta; B K Nayak; A Saxena; S C Sharma; P V Bhagwat; K K Rasheed; R N Jindal; S Ganesan; A K Mohanty; A Goswami; P D Krishnani

    2012-08-01

    The 232Th(, ) reaction cross-section at average neutron energies of 13.5, 15.5 and 17.28 MeV from the 7Li(, ) reaction has been determined for the first time using activation and off-line -ray spectrometric technique. The 232Th(, 2) cross-section at 17.28 MeV neutron energy has also been determined using the same technique. The experimentally determined 232Th(, ) and 232Th(, 2) reaction cross-sections from the present work were compared with the evaluated data of ENDF/BVII and JENDL-4.0 and were found to be in good agreement. The present data, along with literature data in a wide range of neutron energies, were interpreted in terms of competition between 232Th(, ), (, ), (, ) and (, ) reaction channels. The 232Th(, ) and 232Th(, 2) reaction cross-sections were also calculated theoretically using the TALYS 1.2 computer code and were found to be in good agreement with the experimental data from the present work but were slightly higher than the literature data at lower neutron energies.

  2. An Implementation Method of One-to-many Communication with RS232%一种实现RS232接口一对多通信的方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王景忠; 王俊芳; 于立佳

    2012-01-01

    RS232 is a widely used serial communication interface. However,traditional RS232 only allows one-to-one communication. Generally, this point-to-point communication method can not meet the needs of complex equipment. To address the issue, an imple- mentation method for one-to-many communication is proposed, and the detailed design of the hardware and software is described. Through continuous improvement,the method addresses the challenge of communication betwwen one physical interface and multiple RS232 interfaces inside a closed equipment. The design is used in engineering practice,which broadens the application scope of RS232.%RS232是一种应用广泛的串行通信接口,但传统的RS232只允许一对一通信,这种通信方式在复杂的设备中经常不能满足使用要求。针对此问题,提出一种实现RS232接口一对多通信的方法,并论述了详细的硬件和软件设计方案。该方法经过不断改进,成功地解决了通过密闭设备的一个物理接口与设备内多个RS232接口通信的难题,并在工程中得到了实际应用,拓宽了RS232的应用范围。

  3. Solution of RS232-CAN Converter Based on MCF52259%基于MCF52259的RS232串口-CAN转换器的实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑洪静; 屯娜

    2011-01-01

    The paper proposes to use integrated CAN controller and MCF52259 chip of serial asynchronous transceiver to obtain solution and the software and hardware design based on RS232-CAN converter of the chip.The paper then elaborates on flow control and error control technology in the process of communication.It is tested by multi-function data communication converter system.Results show that the converter has a good performance with real-time communication and error control function.%选用集成CAN控制器以及串行异步收发器的MCF52259芯片,提出基于该芯片的RS232-CAN转换器的解决方案及该转换器的软、硬件设计方案,据此阐述通信过程中的流量控制和差错控制技术.经过多功能数据通讯转换器验证系统的测试,结果表明:转换器具备较好的实时性和错误控制能力,运行状况良好.

  4. 基于RS232协议时隙的硬件木马设计%Hardware Trojan Design Based on Interval Property of RS232 Protocol

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢方方; 李雄伟; 张阳; 陈开颜; 徐徐

    2013-01-01

    密码芯片的硬件安全模块在IC生产和制造的过程中易被植入硬件木马等恶意电路.鉴于硬件木马的强大功能,提出了基于RS232协议时隙的硬件木马设计方法.利用RS232协议的异步特性,对其发送密文字节间的时隙进行编码,从而实现密码芯片中密钥的隐蔽泄漏;并通过功能分析和电磁旁路分析两种方法成功检测出木马所发送出的密钥.实验表明,该硬件木马在占用不到40个寄存器的情况下,成功实现了DES密钥的泄漏.

  5. 基于RS-232的FLASH在线编程研究%Study on the FLASH Programming Based on RS- 232

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓斌; 周鑫; 郑先成

    2011-01-01

    To solving the problem while updating the program on the embedded products, this paper, based on TMS320F2812, discussed the methods and problems of programming FLASH on MCU/DSP. By studying the theories of the boot rom and the FLASH API, the way programmed FLASH through RS- 232 is introduced, which is available for convenience, fast and low cost, and the feasibility has been proved by the experiment.%以TMS320F2812为基础,详细分析了该芯片上电后系统的引导过程,针对此类以MCU/DSP为核心的嵌入式产品升级、维护时FLASH编程不便的问题,依据其内部固化的Boot ROM以及FLASH API的原理,介绍了一种基于RS-232的FLASH编程方法.这种方法较传统FLASH编程,具有编程方便、快捷、成本低等优点,并在实验中验证了结果,此方法可行.

  6. 无线RS232数据采集系统的开发与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙晶晶

    2010-01-01

    @@ 一个典型的数据采集系统由检测仪、RS232通讯接口、RS232通讯总线、RS485-RS232转换器、上位计算机等组成、数据采集仪通过RS232总线向上位机传送数据.本项目研究的是将RS232总线转换为无线传输模式,即实现无线RS232数据采集系统.在很多控制系统中一涉及到传统的采集必然要投入大量的人力和物力进行布线.无线RS232数据采集系统具有低功耗、高可靠性、多信道、高抗干扰能力和低误码率等优点,可实现点到点或点到多点得数据通讯,节约了人力物力.

  7. Thorium-232 fission induced by light charged particles up to 70 MeV

    Science.gov (United States)

    Métivier, Vincent; Duchemin, Charlotte; Guertin, Arnaud; Michel, Nathalie; Haddad, Férid

    2017-09-01

    Studies have been devoted to the production of alpha emitters for medical application in collaboration with the GIP ARRONAX that possesses a high energy and high intensity multi-particle cyclotron. The productions of Ra-223, Ac-225 and U-230 have been investigated from the Th-232(p,x) and Th-232(d,x) reactions using the stacked-foils method and gamma spectrometry measurements. These reactions have led to the production of several fission products, including some with a medical interest like Mo-99, Cd-115g and I-131. This article presents cross section data of fission products obtained from these undedicated experiments. These data have been also compared with the TALYS code results.

  8. Thorium-232 fission induced by light charged particles up to 70 MeV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Métivier Vincent

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Studies have been devoted to the production of alpha emitters for medical application in collaboration with the GIP ARRONAX that possesses a high energy and high intensity multi-particle cyclotron. The productions of Ra-223, Ac-225 and U-230 have been investigated from the Th-232(p,x and Th-232(d,x reactions using the stacked-foils method and gamma spectrometry measurements. These reactions have led to the production of several fission products, including some with a medical interest like Mo-99, Cd-115g and I-131. This article presents cross section data of fission products obtained from these undedicated experiments. These data have been also compared with the TALYS code results.

  9. Absence of {sup 232,230,228}Th enhancement decay by ultrasound exposure

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aupiais, J. [CEA DAM DIF, Arpajon (France); Cousin, V.; Nikitenko, S.I.; Pflieger, R. [Marcoule Institute for Separation Chemistry, ICSM, UMR 5257, Bagnols-sur-Ceze (France); Moisy, P. [CEA, Bagnols-sur-Ceze (France). RadioChemistry and Processes Dept.

    2013-08-01

    We report on our attempt to reproduce the {sup 228}Th decay enhancement under the effect of power ultrasound claimed recently in the literature. The evolution of natural thorium isotopic composition ({sup 232}Th, {sup 230}Th, and {sup 228}Th) in various aqueous solutions submitted to 20 kHz power ultrasound (0.18 W mL{sup -1}, 20 C, Ar). The radioactivities of the three isotopes of thorium ({sup 232}Th, {sup 230}Th and {sup 228}Th) were followed by a liquid scintillation counting technique. No change was detected during ultrasonic irradiation. Our results demonstrate that under the studied conditions the rate of Th isotopes radioactive decay is not modified under the effect of ultrasound on aqueous solutions of thorium salts. (orig.)

  10. Excitation energy dependence of fragment characteristics for the photofission of 232Th

    Science.gov (United States)

    Persyn, K.; Jacobs, E.; Pommé, S.; De Frenne, D.; Govaert, K.; Yoneama, M. L.

    1997-02-01

    Independent and cumulative product yields were measured for the photofission of 232Th with bremsstrahlung with endpoint energies 6.5, 7.0, 8.0, 11.0, 12.0, and 14.0 MeV, applying γ spectrometric techniques on catcherfoils and pneumatically transported 232Th-samples. The independent heavy fragment yields for the fission of the 232Th compound nucleus at excitation energies in the vicinity of the fission barrier were deduced. Postneutron mass, isobaric charge, isotopic mass distributions, isotonic and elemental yield distributions and proton odd-even effects were obtained from these independent yields. In the mass distributions a maximum yield is observed for mass splits with heavy fragments in the region of A = 142, corresponding with a high production of Ba( Z = 56) - isotopes. A slightly increased yield is also observed for mass splits with heavy mass in the vicinity of A = 134. The latter effect increases with increasing compound nucleus excitation energy. The similarity between the mass distributions of the N = 142 fissioning systems 232Th, 234U and 236Pu is striking. For low excitation energy the proton odd-even effect in the element distributions amounts to 30%, while on the other hand no sizeable neutron odd-even effect could be deduced from the isotonic distributions. The proton odd-even effects remain constant up to compound nucleus excitation energies of about 7.85 MeV. For higher compound nucleus excitation energies the proton odd-even effect drops rapidly. A possible explanation of these observations in terms of pair breaking at the outer barrier is proposed.

  11. 巧用RS232/485转换器

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董亮; 朱长健

    2009-01-01

    我公司于2007年12月运行热网计量远程监控GPRS系统,大多数现场仪表连接如图1所示。可见一般仪表与远传模块的连接比较简单.只需利用BS232接口连接即可。

  12. 拓展RS232接口的一种方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周宇

    2013-01-01

    本文介绍了一种拓展RS232接口的新方法,通过对此电路组成原理的分析,使得在最小的电路系统中,主机与模块和多台上微机通讯成为可能,并省去了接收发送方复杂的软件编程。

  13. Fission Product Decay Heat Calculations for Neutron Fission of 232Th

    Science.gov (United States)

    Son, P. N.; Hai, N. X.

    2016-06-01

    Precise information on the decay heat from fission products following times after a fission reaction is necessary for safety designs and operations of nuclear-power reactors, fuel storage, transport flasks, and for spent fuel management and processing. In this study, the timing distributions of fission products' concentrations and their integrated decay heat as function of time following a fast neutron fission reaction of 232Th were exactly calculated by the numerical method with using the DHP code.

  14. 数控机床RS232接口转USB接口的方法探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴军

    2013-01-01

    目前多数数控机床等设备仍在使用RS232串行接口,立即将其改造为USB方式显然存在成本及实施方面的问题.为适应USB广泛流行的现实,有必要开发USB-RS232接口转换卡,在它的支持下,这些传统的设备无须改造,即可通过其原有的RS232接口与USB总线接口实现数据传输.

  15. 232Th, 233Pa, and 234U capture cross-section measurements in moderated neutron flux

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bringer, O.; Isnard, H.; AlMahamid, I.; Chartier, F.; Letourneau, A.

    2008-07-01

    The Th-U cycle was studied through the evolution of a 100 μg 232Th sample irradiated in a moderated neutron flux of 8.010 14 n/cm 2/s, intensity close to that of a thermal molten salt reactor. After 43 days of irradiation and 6 months of cooling, a precise mass spectrometric analysis, using both TIMS and MC-ICP-MS techniques, was performed, according to a rigorous methodology. The measured thorium and uranium isotopic ratios in the final irradiated sample were then compared with integral simulations based on evaluated data; an overall good agreement was seen. Four important thermal neutron-capture cross-sections were also extracted from the measurements, 232Th (7.34±0.21 b), 233Pa (38.34±1.78 b), 234U (106.12±3.34 b), and 235U (98.15±11.24 b). Our 232Th and 235U results confirmed existing values whereas the cross-sections of 233Pa and 234U (both key parameters) have been redefined.

  16. 自制高性能USB-RS232转换器

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡炼; 贺静

    2008-01-01

    随着PC机的不断发展,USB接口正在替代低速外围接口,尤其是串口。目前PC机上大多数只有一个串口或没有串口(笔记本电脑更明显),然而计算机与外围硬件设备通信时,串行接口仍是主要接口之一,如计算机从串行接口的仪器仪表中获取数据、计算机对外围电路进行控制以及单片机调试等。因此,USB-RS232转换器成为实现PC机与RS232设备之间的数据传输常用工具。本人在使用CP2102制作的USB-RS232转换器后,感觉非常不错,特介绍给读者。

  17. RS232接口转USB接口的通信方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任治国; 王大方; 等

    2002-01-01

    USB通用串行总线是计算机外设接口的发展趋势,将逐渐取代PC机上的RS232协议串口,因此很多传统的RS232接口设备都将面临一个向USB接口转换的问题。本文以IC卡门禁考勤系统为例,提出一种方案,使传统的RS232接口转化为USB接口后直接通过USB总线接入PC,同时使用IC卡门禁考勤设备增加了USB总线具有的热插拔、自动配置和智能电源管理等功能;着重剖析了USB通信内核,探讨系统软硬件设计方案。

  18. Decontamination and decommissioning assessment for the Waste Incineration Facility (Building 232-Z) Hanford Site, [Hanford], WA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dean, L.N. [Advanced Sciences, Inc., (United States)

    1994-02-01

    Building 232-Z is an element of the Plutonium Finishing Plant (PFP) located in the 200 West Area of the Hanford Site. From 1961 until 1972, plutonium-bearing combustible materials were incinerated in the building. Between 1972 and 1983, following shutdown of the incinerator, the facility was used for waste segregation activities. The facility was placed in retired inactive status in 1984 and classified as a Limited Control Facility pursuant to DOE Order 5480.5, Safety of Nuclear Facilities, and 6430.1A, General Design Criteria. The current plutonium inventory within the building is estimated to be approximately 848 grams, the majority of which is retained within the process hood ventilation system. As a contaminated retired facility, Building 232-Z is included in the DOE Surplus Facility Management Program. The objective of this Decontamination and Decommissioning (D&D) assessment is to remove Building 232-Z, thereby elmininating the radiological and environmental hazards associated with the plutonium inventory within the structure. The steps to accomplish the plan objectives are: (1) identifying the locations of the most significant amounts of plutonium, (2) removing residual plutonium, (3) removing and decontaminating remaining building equipment, (4) dismantling the remaining structure, and (5) closing out the project.

  19. The Design Points of RS232 -RS422/RS485/TLL Signal Converter%RS232-RS422/RS485/TLL信号转换器设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏燕; 周士龙

    2012-01-01

    主要介绍了RS232-RS422/485信号转换器在窃电电路、自动方向转换电路、RS232信号补偿电路的设计要点,提出了将RS422接口与TLL接口兼容使用的方法。%This article mainly introduces design points of the RS232 -RS422/485 signal converter's getting power supply from signal pins circuit, automatic direction of transform circuit and RS232 signal compensation circuit. It puts forward the RS422 interface and TLL interface compatibility methods

  20. Design of USB-RS232 converter module based on FT2232H%基于FT2232H 的 USB-RS232转换模块设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚渭箐; 周伟

    2009-01-01

    鉴于大量外围设备和软件使用RS232串口标准,为了充分利用USB的传输速度快,连接简单快捷,即插即用等优势,给出一种采用第5代USB-to-UART-FIFO器件FT2232H设计USB-RS232转换器的方案.详细介绍FT2232H的主要特点、内部结构及功能原理,给出USB/UART RS232接口电路设计和驱动软件.与其他设计方案相比,该系统设计具有数据传输速率快,可配置2个RS232接口等优点.

  1. Data Communication Between PC and NC Punching Machine Based on RS232 Interface%基于RS232接口的PC与数控冲床的数据通讯

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱兆义; 秦自凯; 郭林松

    2012-01-01

    介绍了RS232接口的结构及传输原理,详述了基于RS232接口的通讯系统的软、硬件配置,并对软、硬件的通讯参数设置方法进行了阐述,利用WinPCIN通讯软件在Windows XP操作系统环境下实现了PC与数控冲床的数据通讯。%RS232 interface architecture and the principles of transmission are introduced.Software and hardware configuration of communication systems based on RS232 interface are described in detail.With the method of setting communication parameters for software and hardware,data communication using WinPCIN software between PC and NC punching machine is realized in the environments of Windows XP.

  2. 基于CP2102/CP2103的RS232接口转换为USB接口的应用设计%Design of RS232/USB upgrade based on CP2102/CP2103

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐民; 张博

    2008-01-01

    鉴于计算机对现有RS232接口设备控制需要,提出一种将现有设备的RS232接口升级为USB接口的设计方案.CP2102及CP2103是高集成度的USB-UART桥接器件,能以最简单的外部电路实现RS232接口转换为USB2.0接口.这里介绍了CP2103升级RS232在实际设备接口改造中的应用.

  3. Honeywell EPKS与PLC RS232接口通信的实现及应用%Implementation and Application of the Communication Between Honeywell EPKS and the PLC RS232 Interface

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄庆鸿; 郭正华

    2012-01-01

    以Honeywell EPKS系列DCS与某成套装置PLC RS232接口通信为实例,着重介绍了实现DCS与PLC RS232通信的协议转换网络搭建、软件组态和调试方法,并分析了项目实施过程中的一些技术要点和故障排除方法.

  4. Design of connection between RS232 communication network and CAN bus communication network%RS232通信网络与CAN总线通信网络互联设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王强; 张建喜

    2010-01-01

    基于CAN总线原理,结合CAN控制器SJA 1000 、CAN收发器CTM和ATmegal28的特性,针对CAN总线和RS232互联问题,提出了RS232-CAN接口模块的设计方案,详细介绍了硬软件设计模块以及本设计的具体应用.

  5. Discussion on the Method for Realizing RS232 Serial Communications Based on C Language%浅论用C语言实现RS232串口通信的方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋春雷; 董春雷; 黄宇辉

    2011-01-01

    串口通信是一种广泛使用且实用的通信方式,本文首先简要介绍了串行接口通信尤其是RS232标准的相关知识,继而探讨了如何利用C语言编程实现RS232串行通信.

  6. S232祖克浆纱机的改造实践%Reformation Practice of SUCKER S232 Sizing Machine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘安君; 窦海萍

    2009-01-01

    为解决祖克S232浆纱机织轴卷绕故障率高、烘燥温度不稳定、压浆力调节装置失控、经轴退绕张力不稳定等问题,进行了技术改造。通过采用多单元技术对织轴卷绕装置进行了两单元改造,对温控系统、压浆力调节装置以及经轴退绕装置采用了可编程PLC控制技术,改造后提高了机器的自动化程度,降低了设备故障率,提高了浆纱质量。

  7. Conversion of Eight RS232 Signals Based on FPGA%基于FPGA的8路RS232信号转换

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王书雁; 胡绍海; 李向军

    2010-01-01

    为了提高工作效率,节省系统资源,解决 I/O 引脚不足问题,提出了一种基于FPGA的多路异步串行数据接入和复用的设计.该设计使用VHDL硬件描述语言,对UART接收和发送模块、时分复用模块在Xilinx ISE环境下进行设计与仿真,实现了将8路RS232信号转换为1路LVDS信号的功能,使其可以接入图像处理硬件平台进行处理.

  8. LCD TV Control System Based on RS232 Interface%基于RS232接口的液晶电视控制系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    左瑞娟; 武永华

    2008-01-01

    本文设计了一个基于RS232接口的液晶电视控制系统以方便在监控中心由主PC设备对所有液晶电视进行远程控制,同时还可以实现对液晶电视的实时控制以及液晶电视之间的互相控制.液晶电视采用菊花链结构,通过主设备命令或者遥控器按键来触发液晶电视三种模式的切换以达到目的.经测试该系统性能完善达到了预期效果,具有较高的实用价值.

  9. Application of RS232 serial port in communication between PC and MCU%RS232串口通信在PC机与单片机通信中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘方

    2012-01-01

    在功能比较复杂的自动控制系统中,通常以工控机为上位机,单片机为下位机,RS 232串口通信是工控机和单片机之间信息传递的枢纽,采用MAX232实现、TTL逻辑电平和RS 232电平之间的相互转换,如此连接,既可体现出单片机的灵活控制功能,又可发挥出PC机强大的计算和显示功能,有利于对现场信号的实时采集、处理和监控,确保了良好的人机界面的交互性.%In function relatively-complicated automatic control system, IPC is usually used as a upper computer, MCU as a lower computer, RS232 serial port as a messaging hub of communication between IPC and SCM, and MAX232 is adopted to implement the mutual conversion between TTL logic level and RS232 level. Such a connection can embody the flexible control function of SCM, express the powerful computation and display functions of PC, and is of benefit to signal real-time acquisition, processing, and monitoring on site, so as to ensure the perfect interactivity of man-machine interface.

  10. 一种RS232串口调试盒子的设计与制作

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严浩

    2016-01-01

    引言RS232数据接口简单、通用,适用于数据率〈256kbps,传输距离〈15m的场合。RS232接口在空管自动化设备的数据引接中有广泛的应用。其中,同步传输的监视数据通过自动化系统组成监视网络,物理层的设备接口标准用的就是RS232标准,异步通信的通信数据包括报文,QNH等数据在进入自动化系统之前使用的设备接口标准也是RS232标准。

  11. 基于RS232-USB转换器及LabVIEW平台下温湿度采集系统的设计%Design of test program for RS232-USB converter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周静; 张蕾; 南洋

    2012-01-01

    本文将RS232-USB转换器及虚拟仪器技术应用于温湿度测量中,以LabVIEW为软件开发平台,以计算机为核心,配上传感器、RS232-LJSB转换器和相应软件,针对室内环境的温湿度进行实时精确的采集及测量,编写了数据处理程序和人机交互界面,将结果通过人机交互界面以数字的方式进行实时显示,显示了虚拟仪器技术在温湿度测量中应用的灵活性和其功能的强大性,同时体现了RS232-USB转换器的RS232串行口至USB口转换功能的稳定性。实验表明,该系统能实时准确地采集温湿度信息,并通过RS232口-USB口显示至PC上,达到了可视化的效果。%The application of the RS232-USB converter and virtual instrument in the measurement of temperature and humidity in the article, with LabVIEW as software development platform, using the computer as the core, with the sensor, the RS232-USB converter and the corresponding software, the indoor temperature and humidity of the environment, precise real-time collection and measurement, a data processing program and human-computer interaction interface, will the results man-machine interface to the digital approach for real-time display, display of virtual instrument technology in the measurement of temperature and humidity application flexibility and its function of the powerful ,At the same time reflects the RS232-USB converter RS232 serial port to the USB conversion function stability .Based on the experiment, the system can real-time and accurate acquisition of temperature and humidity information, and through RS232 - USB port display to the PC, achieved the visual effect.

  12. 浅谈RS232和RS485串行通讯

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴皓月; 李旭东; 赵亮

    2016-01-01

    本文首先阐述了RS-232、RS-485串口通信产生和特点,并穿插着比较了两种接口的差别和异同,然后实现他们之间的相互转换方法,最后又对常见的串口通讯接口I2C、CAN、SPI、USB等进行了简介。

  13. Comunicación láser por puerto RS-232

    OpenAIRE

    Darío Ramos García, Elton

    2009-01-01

    El objetivo principal de este Proyecto Final de Carrera es el diseño de un enlace óptico entre ordenadores a través del puerto RS-232, también conocido como puerto serie. Básicamente se trata de diseñar y construir parte de un material docente para poder mostrar un ejemplo de enlace óptico no guiado para el laboratorio de la asignatura COFO (Comunicaciones de Fibra Óptica). De una manera más concreta se trata de crear y probar una aplicación consistente en un enlace entre dos ordenadore...

  14. Hard synchrotron BL Lacs the case of 1ES 1101-232

    CERN Document Server

    Wolter, A; Tagliaferri, G; Tavecchio, F; Caccianiga, A; Wolter, Anna; Ghisellini, Gabriele; Tagliaferri, Gianpiero; Tavecchio, Fabrizio; Caccianiga, Alessandro

    2000-01-01

    The bright X-ray selected BL Lac object 1ES1101--232 shows a flat X-ray spectrum, making it detectable with high statistics over the wide BeppoSAX energy range. We have observed it in two different epochs with BeppoSAX, and found a variation of the flux of about 30% that can be explained by a change in the spectral index above the synchrotron peak. We present here the data and infer limits on the strength of the magnetic field based on models of emission for High-frequency peaked BL Lacs.

  15. 基于数字示波器的USB-RS232转换模块设计%Design of USB-RS232 conversion module based on digital oscilloscope

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    关莹; 黄建国; 曾浩

    2010-01-01

    随着USB应用领域的扩大,实现USB到标准工业接口RS232之间的双向数据通信具有重要意义.同时为便于示波器在特定场合的测量应用,设计了基于数字示波器的USB RS232转换模块.文中以ADSP BF531作为主控制器、CH374S作为USB控制芯片构建硬件设计方案,并利用USB RS232转换卡,通过软件设计实现数字示波器与PC的串行通信.利用数字示波器上USB接口与PC上的RS232接口进行通信测试,实验结果表明,该通信运行稳定可靠.其设计方法可为示波器与其他RS232接口设备通信的开发提供参考.

  16. Implications of a DK Molecule at 2.32 GeV

    CERN Document Server

    Barnes, T; Lipkin, H J

    2003-01-01

    We discuss the implications of a possible quasinuclear DK bound state at 2.32 GeV. Evidence for such a state was recently reported in D_s^+pi^o by the BaBar Collaboration. We first note that a conventional quark model c-sbar assignment is implausible, and then consider other options involving multiquark systems. An I=0 c sbar n nbar baryonium assignment is one possibility. We instead favor a DK meson molecule assignment, which can account for the mass and quantum numbers of this state. The higher-mass scalar c-sbar state expected at 2.48 GeV is predicted to have a very large DK coupling, which would encourage formation of an I=0 DK molecule. Isospin mixing is expected in hadron molecules, and a dominantly I=0 DK state with some I=1 admixture could explain both the narrow total width of the 2.32 GeV state as well as the observed decay to D_s^+ pi^o. Additional measurements that can be used to test this and related scenarios are discussed.

  17. Determination of 232Th in urine by ICP-MS for individual monitoring purposes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baglan, N; Cossonnet, C; Ritt, J

    2001-07-01

    Thorium is naturally occurring in various ores used for industrial purposes and has numerous applications. This paper sets out to investigate urine analysis as a suitable monitoring approach for workers potentially exposed to thorium. Due to its biokinetic behavior and its low solubility, urinary concentrations are generally very low, requiring therefore high sensitivity analytical methods. An analytical procedure has been developed for detecting 232Th concentrations of below 1 mBq L(-1) quickly and easily. Due to the long half-life (1.41 x 10(10) y) of 232Th, the potential of a procedure based on urine sample dilution and ICP-MS (inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry) measurement was investigated first. Two dilution factors were chosen: 100, which is more suitable for long-term measurement trials, and 20, which increases sensitivity. It has been shown that a 100-fold dilution can be used to measure concentrations of below 1 mBq L(-1), whereas a 20-fold one can be used to reach concentrations of below 0.06 mBq L(-1). Then, on the basis of the limitation of the procedure based on urine dilution, the suitable field of application for the different procedures (100-fold and 20-fold dilution and also a chemical purification followed by an ICP-MS measurement) was determined in relation to monitoring objectives.

  18. Studies of positron electron pair production in {sup 238}U + {sup 232}Th

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahmad, I.; Back, B.B.; Betts, R.R. [and others

    1995-08-01

    Following the non-observation of sharp sum-energy lines in our earlier {sup 238}U + {sup 181}Ta measurements, it was decided to pursue measurements of the {sup 238}U + {sup 232}Th system which, in the previously published work, showed the most striking evidence for near-equal-energy back-to-back pairs leading to sharp sum-energy lines. Following the refurbishing of the APEX silicon arrays and extensive tests of the rotating target wheel assembly, a major positron run took place in November 1994. Rolled 1-mg/cm{sub 2} {sup 232}Th targets were bombarded with 5.95-MeV/u {sup 238}U. The target rotation allowed up to 2 pnA of beam to be used without serious deterioration of the targets. Over 300,000 pairs were accumulated, representing an order-of-magnitude improvement in statistics over the previously published results. Preliminary analysis shows no evidence for the sharp lines at a cross section level orders of magnitude below those previously reported. The analysis of these data is currently being completed in preparation for publication.

  19. The low-energy dipole structure of 232Th , 236U and 238U actinide nuclei

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuliev, A. A.; Guliyev, E.; Ertugral, F.; Özkan, S.

    2010-03-01

    In this study, ensuremath I^{π} = 1+ and ensuremath I^{π} = 1- dipole mode excitations are systematically investigated within the rotational and translational + Galilean invariant quasiparticle random-phase approximation for 232Th , 236U , and 238U actinide nuclei. It is shown that the investigated nuclei reach a B( M1) strength structure, which corresponds to the scissors mode. The calculated mean excitation energies as well as the summed B( M1) value of the scissors mode excitations are consistent with the available experimental data. The results of calculations indicate large differences to the rare-earth nuclei as is the case for the experiment: a doubling of the observed dipole strengths and a shift of the energy centroid to the lower energies by about 800keV. The calculations indicate the presence of a few prominent negative-parity ensuremath K^{π} = 1- states in the 2.0-4.0MeV energy interval. The occurrence of the negative-parity dipole states with the rather high B( E1) value less than 4MeV shows the necessity of explicit parity measurements for the correct determination of the scissors mode strength in 232Th , 236U , and 238U isotopes.

  20. Natural Activities of 238U, 232Th and 40K in Manganese Ore

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. A. Abel-Ghany

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: Manganese ore is widely used in much industries. Such as ore contain natural radioactive nuclides at various concentrations. If this ore contain high concentrations of natural radioactive nuclides, workers handling them might be exposed to significant levels of radiation. Therefore it is important to determine the radioactive nuclides in this ore. Approach: The natural radionuclides (238U, 232Th and 40K contents of Manganese ore samples collected by Siani Manganese Company in Egypt-Cairo have been determined by low background spectroscopy using hyper-pure germanium (HPGe detector. Results: The mean activities due to the three radionuclides (238U, 232Th and40K were found to be 3543±106, 222±6.6 and 3483±104 Bqkg-1, respectively. The absorbed dose rate due to the natural radioactivity in samples under investigation ranged from 1522±45-1796±53 nGyh-1. The radium equivalent activity varied from 3807±114-4446±133 Bqkg-1. The representative external hazard index values for the corresponding samples are also estimated. Conclusion: The results of this assessment obtained by the gamma-ray spectroscopic analysis, have indicated that the levels of natural radioactivity were higher than the international recommended limits.

  1. RS232串口的应用与维护

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    覃善含

    2010-01-01

    当前,计算机在台站的自动化管理与监控中发挥着重要作用。计算机通过RS232串口与外部设备相连,实时监测与反映设备的运行状态,使我们能方便快捷地掌握设备的运行情况,对台站安全、高效、稳定地播出起到重要的保障作用。RS232是目前计算机最常用的一种串行通讯接口,作为计算机与外设通信的接口,它的地位与质量至关重要。针对目前台站计算机串口存在失效和损坏的现象,提出了一些维护与检测的方法,以便提高监测的质量与延长串口的使用寿命。

  2. The hadronic origin of hard gamma-ray spectrum from blazar 1ES 1101-232

    CERN Document Server

    Cao, Gang

    2014-01-01

    The very hard $\\gamma$-ray spectrum from distant blazars challenges the traditional synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) model, which may indicate that there is the contribution of an additional high-energy component beyond the SSC emission. In this paper, we study the possible origin of the hard $\\gamma$-ray spectrum from distant blazars. We develop a model to explain the hard $\\gamma$-ray spectrum from blazar 1ES 1101-232. In the model, the optical and X-ray radiation would come from the synchrotron radiation of primary electrons and secondary pairs, the GeV emission would be produced by the SSC process, however, the hard $\\gamma$-ray spectrum would originate from the decay of neutral pion produced through proton-photon interactions with the synchrotron radiation photons within the jet. Our model can explain the observed SED of 1ES 1101-232 well, especially the very hard $\\gamma$-ray spectrum. However, our model requires the very large proton power to efficiently produce the $\\gamma$-ray through proton-photon int...

  3. 232Th-228Ra-228Th Recording of Estuarine and Coastal Sedimentological Events

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hillaire-Marcel, C.; Ghaleb, B.; Ruiz-Fernandez, A.

    2011-12-01

    Climatic events (e.g., storminess, floods) and river/coastal management activities (e.g., dredging) may result in the removal and re-suspension of contaminated sediments in shallow coastal areas and estuaries, thus leading to long-term contamination of such environments. Short-lived daughter isotopes of 232Th (228Ra-228Th) in sediments may then provide some quantitative assessment of the amount of material removed/re-deposited as well as some indications on the chronology of causal events. Examples from the Gulf of St. Lawrence (GSL) and the Pacific coastal rea of Mexico (PcM) are used to illustrate such isotopic responses to natural or anthropogenic disturbances. In the GSL relatively steady accumulation processes are usually observed, although sedimentary sequences show variable benthic mixing patterns over a large array of sedimentation rates (from mm/a to cm/a). In undisturbed sequences, 232Th-daughter isotopes in particulate matter show strong disequilibria due i) to 228Ra-diffusion/228Th adsorption in source-soils and during particulate transport, ii) 228Ra-behavior at the water column/sea-floor interface. Core-top sediments thus depict a strong excess in 228Th vs. 232Th. Below, a fast return (within ~ 10 a) of 228Th to equilibrium with its parent 228Ra leads to a 228Th deficit vs 232Th, in response to 228Ra-losses and diffusion towards the water column. Deeper, a return to full equilibrium conditions is observed (~ 30 a), but for "non-local mixing" events. Few disturbances are observed in the area. They include nearly cyclic pulses in 210Pb at the head of the Laurentian Trough, which we attribute to dredging operations of the St. Lawrence Sea-Way, and in the sealing of Hg-contaminated sediments in the Saguenay Fjord, by flood layers. Comparatively most sequences cored in estuarine settings of the PcM illustrate more critical situations with respect to the re-suspension of sediments, which are often contaminated due to land management and industrial practices

  4. DSP芯片基于SC16C750B的RS232接口设计%Design of RS232 Interface of DSP Based on SC16C750B

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    薛志方; 史琳

    2006-01-01

    TMS320C32是32位浮点DSP芯片,在数字信号处理和自动化领域得到了广泛应用;而RS232(EIA232)是自动化控制领域中一种基本的串行异步通信规约.在开发基于TMS320C32的热力系统测控装置时,采用SC16C750B UART芯片扩展出实现RS232规约的通信串口.文章介绍此串口收发中断程序的设计和基于C语言的串口通信中断例程的有关问题.

  5. 基于STM32F103的CAN/RS232转换板卡的设计与应用%Design and Application of Conversion Board CAN/RS232 Based on STM32F103

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周绪贵; 查凤

    2014-01-01

    CAN通信技术的先进性和优点已日益明显,然而上位机一般都没有CAN接口,故提出一种基于STM32F103的CAN/232转换板卡的设计.详细介绍了该设计的硬件设计结构和软件设计内容.以STM32F103VBT6为主控制芯片,以PCA82C250为CAN收发器,以MAX3232实现RS232电平转换.

  6. Design and Implementation of Multi-Channel RS232/422Interface Based on FPGA%基于FPGA的RS232/422多通道接口设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐智; 张义涛

    2011-01-01

    针对传统的RS232/422总线接口采用的总线板卡集成度低,成本高的劣势,设计并实现了基于FPGA的多通道RS232/422总线接口电路,有效提高了系统的集成度,降低了系统的成本,并成功运用在航空信号仿真平台中.

  7. Design of a Smart Converter RS485/RS232%一种新型RS485/RS232多路接口智能转换器的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐武兵; 修吉平

    2007-01-01

    本文详细地介绍了RS485总线中的一个模块即如何实现RS485接口与RS232接口之间电平的智能转换,该转换器实现了一路RS485接口到四路RS232接口的智能转换,可实现数据的透明,可靠传输,且转换器形状小巧,简单实用,具有较高的实用价值.

  8. Profibus-DP与RS232/RS422/RS485之间通信适配器的研制%The Development of Communication Adapter Between Profibus-DP and RS232/RS422/RS485

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    晁武杰; 甘永梅; 王兆安

    2008-01-01

    详细介绍了基于单片机和SPC3的Profibus-DP与RS232/RS422/RS485之间通信适配器的研制,并给出了详细的硬件电路和软件设计流程.实验表明该通讯适配器对主站和RS232/RS422/RS485接口设备具有数据传输功能,为系统开放互连和现场分布式控制打下基础.

  9. RS232接口的CS116防护模块设计和测试验证%Design and Test Verification of Protection Module for RS232 Interface against CS116 Wave

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡军; 唐世荣

    2016-01-01

    基于RS232接口特性,设计了以开关与钳位等非线性器件为主的CS116防护电路,通过制作样机并进行CS116干扰注入测试,试验结果表明:防护模块对RS232上较高的阻尼正弦电压波有良好的抑制作用.

  10. 浅谈PLC对RS232串行数据采集的几种方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙军红

    2005-01-01

    在数据通讯、计算机网络以及分布式工业控制系统中,经常采用串行通信方式来交换数据和信息.RS232作为标准串行接口在世界范围内得到了广泛地应用.简单介绍了RS232串行接口的定义及标准,并详细介绍了PLC可编程控制器对RS232串行数据进行采集的几种方法.

  11. Investigating the use of 232Th/230Th as a dust proxy using co-located seawater and sediment samples from the low-latitude North Atlantic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowland, George H.; Ng, Hong Chin; Robinson, Laura F.; McManus, Jerry F.; Mohamed, Kais J.; McGee, David

    2017-10-01

    The thorium isotope ratio 232Th/230Th can be measured in seawater and sediment samples, and has been used as a proxy to reconstruct lithogenic fluxes to the oceans for the modern day and the Pleistocene. There has not yet been a systematic study testing the proxy using the 232Th/230Th ratio in seawater and the ratio recorded in the underlying sediment. In this study we use co-located core-top sediments and seawater samples from five seamount sites spanning the tropical North Atlantic to investigate the link between seawater and sediment 232Th/230Th ratios across a range of water depths. Our results indicate that a broad correlation exists between seawater and sedimentary 232Th/230Th ratios. Both seawater and sedimentary 232Th/230Th ratios record a signal consistent with decreasing lithogenic input east to west, from Africa to South America. However, calculated 232Th fluxes for the core-top sediment samples indicate a strong dependence on depth, with up to a factor of ∼4 difference from shallow (2900 m). This depth dependence is likely caused by either a deficit of 230Th burial at depth compared to the production in the overlying water column, through addition of 232Th, or by a combination of the two. By comparing seawater and sedimentary 232Th/230Th ratios we derive an apparent fractional solubility of 232Th of 29 ± 3%, in reasonable agreement with the upper end of existing estimates.

  12. Fission Fragment Angular Distribution of 232Th(n,f) at the CERN n_TOF Facility

    CERN Document Server

    Tarrío, D; Audouin, L; Duran, I.; Paradela, C.; Tassan-Got, L; Altstadt, S; Andrzejewski, J; Barbagallo, M; Bécares, V; Bečvář, F; Belloni, F; Berthoumieux, E; Billowes, J; Boccone, V; Bosnar, D; Brugger, M; Calviani, M; Calviño, F; Cano-Ott, D; Carrapiço, C; Cerutti, F; Chiaveri, E; Chin, M; Colonna, N; Cortés, G; Cortés-Giraldo, M A; Diakaki, M; Domingo-Pardo, C; Dzysiuk, N; Eleftheriadis, C; Ferrari, A; Fraval, K; Ganesan, S; García, A R; Giubrone, G; Gómez-Hornillos, M B; Gonçalves, I F; González-Romero, E; Griesmayer, E; Guerrero, C; Gunsing, F; Gurusamy, P; Jenkins, D G; Jericha, E; Kadi, Y; Käppeler, F; Karadimos, D; Koehler, P; Kokkoris, M; Krtička, M; Kroll, J; Langer, C; Lederer, C; Leeb, H; Losito, R; Manousos, A; Marganiec, J; Martínez, T; Massimi, C; Mastinu, P F; Mastromarco, M; Meaze, M; Mendoza, E; Mengoni, A; Milazzo, P M; Mingrone, F; Mirea, M; Mondalaers, W; Pavlik, A; Perkowski, J; Plompen, A; Praena, J; Quesada, J M; Rauscher, T; Reifarth, R; Riego, A; Roman, F; Rubbia, C; Sarmento, R; Schillebeeckx, P; Schmidt, S; Tagliente, G; Tain, J L; Tsinganis, A; Valenta, S; Vannini, G; Variale, V; Vaz, P; Ventura, A; Versaci, R; Vermeulen, M J; Vlachoudis, V; Vlastou, R; Wallner, A; Ware, T; Weigand, M; Weiß, C; Wright, T J; Žugec, P

    2014-01-01

    The angular distribution of fragments emitted in neutron-induced fission of Th-232 was measured in the white spectrum neutron beam at the n\\_TOF facility at CERN. A reaction chamber based on Parallel Plate Avalanche Counters (PPAC) was used, where the detectors and the targets have been tilted 45 degrees with respect to the neutron beam direction in order to cover the full angular range of the fission fragments. A GEANT4 simulation has been developed to study the setup efficiency. The data analysis and the preliminary results obtained for the Th-232(n,f) between fission threshold and 100 MeV are presented here.

  13. Automation photometer of Hitachi U-2000 spectrophotometer with RS-232C-based computer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumar, K S; Lakshmi, B S; Pennathur, G

    1998-01-01

    The interfacing of a commonly used spectrophotometer, the Hitachi U2000, through its RS-232C port to a IBM compatible computer is described. The hardware for data acquisation was designed by suitably modifying readily available materials, and the software was written using the C programming language. The various steps involved in these procedures are elucidated in detail. The efficacy of the procedure was tested experimentally by running the visible spectrum of a cyanine dye. The spectrum was plotted through a printer hooked to the computer. The spectrum was also plotted by transforming the abscissa to the wavenumber scale. This was carried out by using another module written in C. The efficiency of the whole set-up has been calculated using standard procedures.

  14. Spectroscopy of 232U in the (p,t) reaction: More information on 0+ states

    CERN Document Server

    Levon, A I; Graw, G; Yertenberger, R; Pascu, S; Thirolf, P G; Wirth, H -F

    2016-01-01

    The excitation spectra in the deformed nucleus 232U have been studied by means of the (p,t) reaction, using the Q3D spectrograph facility at the Munich Tandem accelerator. The angular distributions of tritons were measured for 162 excitations seen in the triton spectra up to 3.25 MeV. 0+ assignments are made for 13 excited states by comparison of experimental angular distributions with the calculated ones using the CHUCK3 code. Assignments up to spin 6+ are made for other states. Sequences of states are selected which can be treated as rotational bands. Moments of inertia have been derived from these sequences, whose values may be considered as evidence of the two- or one-phonon nature of these 0+ excitations. Experimental data are compared with interacting boson model (IBM) and quasiparticle-phonon model (QPM) calculations.

  15. 238 U, 232 Th and 40 K in wheat flour samples of Iraq markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A.

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Wheat flour is a nutritious type of food that is widely consumed by various age groups in Iraq. This study investigates the presence of long-lived gamma emitters in different type of wheat flour in Iraqi market. Materials and methods. Uranium ( 238 U, Thorium ( 232 Th and Potassium ( 40 K specific activity in (Bq/kg were measured in (12 different types of wheat flours that are available in Iraqi markets. The gamma spectrometry method with a NaI(Tl detector has been used for radiometric measurements. Also in this study we have calculated the internal hazard index, radium equivalent and absorbed dose rate in all samples. Results and discussion. It is found that the specific activity in wheat flour samples were varied from (1.086±0.0866 Bq/kg to (12.532±2.026 Bq/kg with an average (6.6025 Bq/kg for 238 U, For 232 Th From (0.126±0.066 Bq/kg to (4.298±0.388 Bq/kg with an average (1.9465Bq/kg and for 40 K from (41.842±5.875 Bq/kg to (264.729±3.843 Bq/kg with an average (133.097 Bq/kg. Also, it is found that the radium equivalent and the internal hazard index in wheat flour samples ranged from (3.4031 Bq/kg to (35.1523 Bq/kg with an average (19.6346 Bq/kg and from (0.0091 to (0.1219 with an average (0.0708 respectively. Conclusion. This study prove that the natural radioactivity and radiation hazard indices were lower than the safe.

  16. 238 U, 232 Th and 40 K in wheat flour samples of Iraq markets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Abid Abojassim

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Wheat flour is a nutritious type of food that is widely consumed by various age groups in Iraq. This study investigates the presence of long-lived gamma emitters in different type of wheat flour in Iraqi market. Materials and methods. Uranium (238 U, Thorium (232 Th and Potassium (40 K specific activity in (Bq/kg were measured in (12 different types of wheat flours that are available in Iraqi markets. The gamma spectrometry method with a NaI(Tl detector has been used for radiometric measurements. Also in this study we have calculated the internal hazard index, radium equivalent and absorbed dose rate in all samples. Results and discussion. It is found that the specific activity in wheat flour samples were varied from (1.086±0.0866 Bq/kg to (12.532±2.026 Bq/kg with an average (6.6025 Bq/kg for 238 U, For 232 Th From (0.126±0.066 Bq/kg to (4.298±0.388 Bq/kg with an average (1.9465Bq/kg and for 40 K from (41.842±5.875 Bq/kg to (264.729±3.843 Bq/kg with an average (133.097 Bq/kg. Also, it is found that the radium equivalent and the internal hazard index in wheat flour samples ranged from (3.4031 Bq/kg to (35.1523 Bq/kg with an average (19.6346 Bq/kg and from (0.0091 to (0.1219 with an average (0.0708 respectively. Conclusion. This study prove that the natural radioactivity and radiation hazard indices were lower than the safe.

  17. Biological characterization and next-generation genome sequencing of the unclassified Cotia virus SPAn232 (Poxviridae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afonso, Priscila P; Silva, Patrícia M; Schnellrath, Laila C; Jesus, Desyreé M; Hu, Jianhong; Yang, Yajie; Renne, Rolf; Attias, Marcia; Condit, Richard C; Moussatché, Nissin; Damaso, Clarissa R

    2012-05-01

    Cotia virus (COTV) SPAn232 was isolated in 1961 from sentinel mice at Cotia field station, São Paulo, Brazil. Attempts to classify COTV within a recognized genus of the Poxviridae have generated contradictory findings. Studies by different researchers suggested some similarity to myxoma virus and swinepox virus, whereas another investigation characterized COTV SPAn232 as a vaccinia virus strain. Because of the lack of consensus, we have conducted an independent biological and molecular characterization of COTV. Virus growth curves reached maximum yields at approximately 24 to 48 h and were accompanied by virus DNA replication and a characteristic early/late pattern of viral protein synthesis. Interestingly, COTV did not induce detectable cytopathic effects in BSC-40 cells until 4 days postinfection and generated viral plaques only after 8 days. We determined the complete genomic sequence of COTV by using a combination of the next-generation DNA sequencing technologies 454 and Illumina. A unique contiguous sequence of 185,139 bp containing 185 genes, including the 90 genes conserved in all chordopoxviruses, was obtained. COTV has an interesting panel of open reading frames (ORFs) related to the evasion of host defense, including two novel genes encoding C-C chemokine-like proteins, each present in duplicate copies. Phylogenetic analysis revealed the highest amino acid identity scores with Cervidpoxvirus, Capripoxvirus, Suipoxvirus, Leporipoxvirus, and Yatapoxvirus. However, COTV grouped as an independent branch within this clade, which clearly excluded its classification as an Orthopoxvirus. Therefore, our data suggest that COTV could represent a new poxvirus genus.

  18. 一种简单的光电隔离RS-232电平转换接口设计%A kind of simple photoelectric-isolated RS-232 voltage conversion interface design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王三胜; 顾彪

    2001-01-01

    A design method of a kind of practical photoelectric-isolated RS-232 voltage conversion interface is introduced .Making use of the method ,a connection circuit is designed, which does not need RS-232 voltage converter and fulfills voltage conversion by photoelectric coupler directly. At the same time, hardware connection circuit,complete communication protocols and software design of communication between MCS-51 single-chip microcomputer and PC computer are given.%介绍一种简单实用的光电隔离RS-232电平转换接口设计方法。采用该方法设计的接口电路不需要RS-232电平转换器,由光电耦合器直接完成电平转换.并给出一个MCS-51单片机与PC机通讯的硬件连接电路、完整的通讯协议和软件设计流程。

  19. Implementation of CAN-RS232 Converter on Real-time Operation System RT-Thread%CAN-RS232转换器在实时操作系统RT-Thread上的实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋天楹; 张红梅; 冯欢

    2012-01-01

    控制器局域网(CAN)通信的主要功能是实现其节点设备和上位机之间数据信息和控制信息的交互,CAN与PC机RS-232网络间的协议转换需要用转换器来完成.介绍了基于LPC1768处理器与RT-Thread系统的转换器的实现过程,完成了CAN与RS-232网路间的无缝通信.实践证明,此方案对CAN组网应用具有实际意义.%The main function of the controller area network (CAN) is to implement the interaction between the node device and the hostcomputer for data and control information. The converter is needed to conduct the protocols between CAN and RS-232 network of PC. Theimplementing procedures of the converter between RT-Thread system and the processor based on LPC1768 to realize the seamless communicationbetween CAN and RS-232 networking are introduced. The practice verifies that this scheme possesses actual significance to CAN networkingapplication.

  20. Analysis of HIV antibody test results in 232 HIV/AIDS and their spouses or fixed sex partners%232例HIV/AIDS配偶/固定性伴HIV抗体检测结果分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐智贤; 王志苏; 李春梅

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To study the infection status and sexual behavior of the HIVsexual transmission among HIV/AIDS and their spouses or fixed sex partners,and provide the basis for the prevention and spread of HIV infection.Methods:HIV antibody was detected in blood samples of HIV/AIDS cases and their spouses or fixed sex partners.Results:HIV antibody test results showed that 48 positive cases were found in 232 spouses of HIV/AIDS cases,the rate of HIV infection through sexual transmission was 20.69% (48/232).Among 31 positive male spouses,the HIV transmission rate of female-to-male was 21.68% (31/143); while in 17 positive female spouses,the HIV transmission rate of male-to-female was 19.10% (17/89).(x2 =0.222,P>0.05).The transmission rate of male-female and female-male had no significant statistical difference.HIV/AIDS and their spouses or fixed sex partners were at low education level,most were junior high school and below,accounting for 84.48% (196/232); The farmers ranked the top,accounting for 78.45% (182/232); The high peak age was between 30 and 39 years old,46.12% (107/232); The condom useage rate was extremely low.The couples with infection time interval less than three months accounted for 83.33% (40/48).Conclusion:It is effective to expand the detection range,carry out timely missionary and intervention,increase condom use for blocking the HIV transmission through sexual behaviors between spouses.%目的:掌握本市HIV/AIDS配偶/固定性伴感染现状,为预防该人群HIV感染和传播提供依据.方法:对已确认的HIV/AIDS配偶/固定性伴采血进行HIV抗体检测.结果:对232例配偶进行HIV抗体检测,检出阳性48例,配偶间传播率为20.69%(48/232).男配偶检出31例,女传男的概率为21.68%(31/143);女配偶检出17例,男传女的概率为19.10%(17/89).经x2检验,x2=0.222,P>0.05.男传女和女传男的HIV传播率差异无统计学意义.HIV/AIDS配偶/固定性伴文化

  1. 50 CFR 23.2 - How do I decide if these regulations apply to my shipment or me?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., EXPORTATION, AND IMPORTATION OF WILDLIFE AND PLANTS (CONTINUED) CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA (CITES) Introduction § 23.2 How do I decide if these regulations... plant species (including parts, products, derivatives, whether wild-collected, or born or propagated...

  2. Transfer factor of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K from soil to Alpinia Galangal plant grown in northern Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kritsananuwat, R.; Chanyotha, S.; Kranrod, C.; Pengvanich, P.

    2017-06-01

    This paper reports the activity concentration of three natural radionuclides, 226Ra, 232Th and 40K, found in Alpinia Galangal plants which are widely used in various Asian cuisines and traditional medicine. The galangal plants and their relevant soils were collected from four provinces in the north of Thailand under natural field conditions. The activity concentration of radionuclides was determined using gamma-ray spectrometry. Soil-to-plant transfer factors (TFs) for 226Ra, 232Th and 40K were investigated in rhizome and aerial parts of the galangal plants. The activity concentration in the soils ranged from 22 to 88 Bq kg-1 for 226Ra, 27 to 157 Bq kg-1 for 232Th and 58 to 1157 Bq kg-1 for 40K. In Alpinia Galangal, the concentration ranged from natural radionuclides and their TFs in Thailand for future environmental radiation monitoring. The Annual effective ingestion dose due to ingestion of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K in galangals is significantly below the worldwide value reported by UNSCEAR 2000.

  3. 40 CFR 421.232 - Effluent limitations guidelines representing the degree of effluent reduction attainable by the...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., nickel, and cobalt in the crushed raw material Copper 0.146 0.077 Nickel 0.148 0.098 Ammonia (as N) 10.../kg (pounds per million pounds) of cobalt produced Copper 40.660 21.400 Nickel 41.080 27.180 Ammonia... CATEGORY Primary Nickel and Cobalt Subcategory § 421.232 Effluent limitations guidelines representing...

  4. 42 CFR 457.232 - Refunding of Federal Share of CHIP overpayments to providers and referral of allegations of waste...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 42 Public Health 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Refunding of Federal Share of CHIP overpayments to... Claims; Reduction of Federal Medical Payments § 457.232 Refunding of Federal Share of CHIP overpayments.... (a) Quarterly Federal payments to the States under title XXI (CHIP) of the Act are to be reduced...

  5. HEALTH PHYSICS CONSIDERATIONS FOR REMEDIATION AND EXPOSURE MONITORING OF A TH-232 WASTE STREAM IN A COMMERCIALLY ACTIVE ENVIRONMENT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Winters, Michael S.; Hays, David C. Jr.

    2003-02-27

    This paper discusses some of the unique regulatory conditions and operational challenges facing a team performing a thorium-232 cleanup in a commercially active environment, as well as the implemented and proposed solutions that can be applied to other programs, particularly those operating in an OSHA-regulated environment.

  6. Effect of the DGAT1 K232A genotype of dairy cows on the milk metabolome and proteome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lu, J.; Boeren, S.; Hooijdonk, van A.C.M.; Vervoort, J.J.M.; Hettinga, K.A.

    2015-01-01

    Diglyceride O-acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) is the enzyme that catalyzes the synthesis of triglycerides from diglycerides and acyl-coenzyme A. The DGAT1 K232A polymorphism was previously shown to have a significant influence on bovine milk production characteristics (milk yield, protein content, fat con

  7. The reductive half-reaction of xanthine dehydrogenase from Rhodobacter capsulatus: the role of Glu232 in catalysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, James; Reschke, Stefan; Cao, Hongnan; Leimkühler, Silke; Hille, Russ

    2014-11-14

    The kinetic properties of an E232Q variant of the xanthine dehydrogenase from Rhodobacter capsulatus have been examined to ascertain whether Glu(232) in wild-type enzyme is protonated or unprotonated in the course of catalysis at neutral pH. We find that kred, the limiting rate constant for reduction at high [xanthine], is significantly compromised in the variant, a result that is inconsistent with Glu(232) being neutral in the active site of the wild-type enzyme. A comparison of the pH dependence of both kred and kred/Kd from reductive half-reaction experiments between wild-type and enzyme and the E232Q variant suggests that the ionized Glu(232) of wild-type enzyme plays an important role in catalysis by discriminating against the monoanionic form of substrate, effectively increasing the pKa of substrate by two pH units and ensuring that at physiological pH the neutral form of substrate predominates in the Michaelis complex. A kinetic isotope study of the wild-type R. capsulatus enzyme indicates that, as previously determined for the bovine and chicken enzymes, product release is principally rate-limiting in catalysis. The disparity in rate constants for the chemical step of the reaction and product release, however, is not as great in the bacterial enzyme as compared with the vertebrate forms. The results indicate that the bacterial and bovine enzymes catalyze the chemical step of the reaction to the same degree and that the faster turnover observed with the bacterial enzyme is due to a faster rate constant for product release than is seen with the vertebrate enzyme.

  8. Gastric cancer at a university teaching hospital in northwestern Tanzania: a retrospective review of 232 cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mabula Joseph B

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Despite marked decreases in its incidence, particularly in developed countries, gastric cancer is still the second most common tumor worldwide. There is a paucity of information regarding gastric cancer in northwestern Tanzania. This study was undertaken to describe our experience, in our local setting, on the management of gastric cancer, outlining the clinicopathological and treatment outcome of these patients and suggesting ways to improve the treatment outcome. Methods This was a retrospective study of histologically confirmed cases of gastric cancer seen at Bugando Medical Centre between January 2007 and December 2011. Data were retrieved from patients’ files and analyzed using SPSS computer software version 17.0. Results A total of 232 gastric cancer patients were enrolled in the study, representing 4.5% of all malignancies. The male to female ratio was 2.9:1. The median age of patients was 52 years. The majority of the patients (92.1% presented late with advanced gastric cancer (Stages III and IV. Lymph node and distant metastasis at the time of diagnosis was recorded in 31.9% and 29.3% of cases, respectively. The antrum was the most frequent anatomical site (56.5% involved and gastric adenocarcinoma (95.1% was the most common histopathological type. Out of 232 patients, 223 (96.1% patients underwent surgical procedures for gastric cancer of which gastro-jejunostomy was the most frequent performed surgical procedure, accounting for 53.8% of cases. The use of chemotherapy and radiotherapy was documented in 56 (24.1% and 12 (5.1% patients, respectively. Postoperative complication and mortality rates were 37.1% and 18.1%, respectively. According to multivariate logistic regression analysis, preoperative co-morbidity, histological grade and stage of the tumor, presence of metastases at the time of diagnosis was the main predictors of death (P P Conclusions Gastric cancer in this region shows a trend towards relative

  9. Projectile-breakup-induced fission-fragment angular distributions in the 6Li+232Th reaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pal, A.; Santra, S.; Chattopadhyay, D.; Kundu, A.; Ramachandran, K.; Tripathi, R.; Roy, B. J.; Nag, T. N.; Sawant, Y.; Sarkar, D.; Nayak, B. K.; Saxena, A.; Kailas, S.

    2017-08-01

    Background: Experimental anisotropy in fission-fragment (FF) angular distribution in reactions involving weakly bound stable projectiles with actinide targets are enhanced compared to statistical saddle-point model (SSPM) predictions. Contributions from breakup- or transfer-induced fission to total fission are cited as possible reasons for such enhancement. Purpose: To identify the breakup- or transfer-induced fission channels in 6Li+232Th reaction and to investigate their effects on FF angular anisotropy. Methods: The FF angular distributions have been measured exclusively at three beam energies (28, 32, and 36 MeV) around the Coulomb barrier in coincidence with projectile breakup fragments like α , d , and p using Si strip detectors. The angular anisotropy obtained for different exclusive breakup- or transfer-induced fission channels are compared with that for total fission. SSPM and pre-equilibrium fission models have been employed to obtain theoretical FF angular anisotropy. Results: Angular anisotropy of the fission fragments produced by different transfer- or breakup-induced fission reactions have been obtained separately in the rest frame of respective recoiling nuclei. Some of these anisotropies were found to be stronger than those of the inclusive fission. Overall angular distributions of transfer or breakup fission, integrated over all possible recoil angles with weight factor proportional to differential cross section of the complementary breakup fragment emitted in coincidence in all possible directions, were obtained. It was observed that the overall FF angular anisotropy for each of these fission channels is less than or equal to the anisotropy of total fission at all the measured energies. Assuming isotropic out-of-plane correlations between the fission fragments and light-charged particles, the overall breakup- or transfer-induced fission fragment angular distributions do not explain the observed enhancement in FF anisotropy of total fission. Pre

  10. A 232-channel retinal vision prosthesis with a miniaturized hermetic package.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ordonez, Juan S; Schuettler, Martin; Ortmanns, Maurits; Stieglitz, Thomas

    2012-01-01

    Miniaturization of implantable devices while drastically increasing the number of stimulation channels is one of the greatest challenges in implant manufacturing because a small but hermetic package is needed that provides reliable protection for the electronics over decades. Retinal vision prostheses are the best example for it. This paper presents a miniaturized 232-channel vision prosthesis, summarizing the studies on the individual technologies that were developed, improved and combined to fabricate a telemetrically powered retinal device sample. The implantable unit, which is made out of a high temperature co-fired alumina ceramic package containing hermetic feedthroughs, electronic circuitry and a radio frequency coil for powering is manufactured through a modified screen-printing/lasering process. The package is sealed with solder glass to provide unaffected inductive coupling to the telemetric transmitter. A 0.05 cc inner volume allows helium leak testing and mathematical lifetime estimations for moisture-induced failure of up to 100 years. The feedthroughs contact a thin-film polyimide electrode array that utilizes DLC and SiC coatings for improved interlayer adhesion of the metallic tracks to the polymer carrier. Two metal layers allow integrated wiring of the electrode array within the very limited space.

  11. Dermoscopy of Pigmented Actinic Keratosis of the Face: A Study of 232 Cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelati, A; Baybay, H; Moscarella, E; Argenziano, G; Gallouj, S; Mernissi, F Z

    2017-07-11

    The diagnosis of pigmented actinic keratosis (PAK) is often challenging because of overlapping features with lentigo maligna. To investigate dermoscopic patterns of PAK according to their different evolutionary stages, and to correlate the pattern with clinical characteristics of the patients. Descriptive and analytical study of 232 PAK. Dermoscopic patterns were divided into two categories: the follicule surroundings' abnormalities (FSA) and follicular keratosis' abnormalities (FKA). FSA and FKA dermoscopic patterns were related to male gender, except for star-like appearance, double white clods and dermoscopic horn (p≤0.04). Rhomboidal, annular granular pattern, gray halo, white circle and double clods were dermoscopic pattern significantly related to xeroderma pigmentosum's type of skin. Based on the evolutionary stages of PAK, the jelly sign was significantly related to thin patches of PAK. Central crusts and scales were related to thick plaques and the star-like appearance to hypertrophic PAK. The presence of 2 or more dermoscopic signs in both FSA and FKA was noticed in 99.1% of lesions. The dermoscopic diagnosis of PAK vary according to the evolutionary stages of the disease, this will increase the diagnosis accuracy, with therapeutic implications. Copyright © 2017 AEDV. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  12. Absorption Line Study of Halo Gas in NGC 3067 Toward the Background Quasar 3C 232

    CERN Document Server

    Keeney, B A; Stocke, J T; Carilli, C L; Tumlinson, J; Keeney, Brian A.; Momjian, Emmanuel; Stocke, John T.; Carilli, Chris L.; Tumlinson, Jason

    2004-01-01

    We present new H I 21 cm absorption data and ultraviolet spectroscopy from HST/STIS of the QSO/galaxy pair 3C 232/NGC 3067. The QSO sightline lies near the minor axis and 1.8 arcmin (11 kpc) above the plane of NGC 3067, a nearby luminous (cz = 1465 km/s, L = 0.5L*) starburst galaxy with a moderate star formation rate of 1.4 Solar masses per year. The UV spectra show that the Si IV and C IV doublets have the same three velocity components at cz = 1369, 1417, and 1530 km/s found in Ca II H & K, Na I D, Mg I, Mg II, and Fe II, implying that the low and high ionization gas are both found in three distinct absorbing clouds (only the strongest component at 1420 km/s is detected in H I 21 cm). The new Lyman alpha observation allows the first measurements of the spin and kinetic temperatures of halo gas: T_s = 435 +/- 140 K and T_k/T_s ~ 1. However, while a standard photoionization model can explain the low ions, the C IV and Si IV are explained more easily as collisionally-ionized boundary layers of the photoion...

  13. Fault Analysis of RS232 Interface Interfered by the Electromagnetic Pulse%电磁脉冲作用下RS232接口受损特性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高晶; 孙继银; 赵星阳; 柴焱杰; 王波; 时零

    2009-01-01

    采用耦合夹钳将双指数电磁脉冲注入到RS232数据传输线中,模拟差模脉冲电压干扰,根据试验数据分析得出,RS232接口发送端口和接收端口主要因外加高压激发形成接口电路低阻通路,电路器件局部注入能量过多而受损,同时给出注入电压脉冲幅度和接口端口受损概率的Logistic模型,并以此估算出了端口正常和受损时的电压脉冲幅度上下界.

  14. Design of the converter with CAN and RS232 based on Cotex-M0%基于Cotex-M0的CAN与RS232转换器的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵亚军

    2012-01-01

    As a popular fieldbus,CAN-bus designed specifically for automotive applications but now also used in other areas such as industrial automation, ships and medical equipment. CAN is a serial bus support DCS (Distributed Control Systems) and real-time control system. DCS based on CAN-bus has advantages in realtime,reliability and standards. However,PC has no communication interface with CAN-bus system. In order to solve that problem, converter with CAN-bus and RS232 is designed for PC to control CAN-bus network. The converter takes advantage of RS232 and CAN-bus and has practical signification for CAN-bus using and development.%CAN总线作为一种应用广泛的现场总线,已经从最开始的汽车领域推广到工业控制、船舶、医疗等方面.CAN是一种有效支持分布式控制或实时控制的串行通信网络,基于CAN总线的分布式控制系统在实时性、可靠性、标准性等方面具有明显的优越性.然而,CAN总线与普通的PC机却没有直接通信接口.为此,设计了CAN总线与RS232的转换器,作为PC控制CAN总线网络的直接通道,集中了RS232与CAN总线的优点,对CAN总线的使用和发展具有一定的实际意义.

  15. 一种实用的串行通信RS232/RS485转换器%A Sort of Applied Serial Communication Switch of RS232/RS485

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈铁军

    2001-01-01

    本文介绍了一种RS485接口芯片SN75LBC184,并给出了一种低成本、带光电隔离的RS232/RS485转换器的设计.经现场使用表明,该转换器结构简单,工作可靠,能满足大部分工业现场的要求.

  16. The Strategy to Realize Plug&Play,1to More Communication with RS232%用RS232实现即插即拔一对多通信的策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈利锋; 吴刚; 涂时亮

    2001-01-01

    提出了一种策略,能够在RS232上实现一对多通信,而且允许即插即拔.该策略已经通过了实践检验.文章还进行了理论上的性能分析,找出了对通信性能的主要制约因素,并给出了解决方案.

  17. Study of 232Th(n, γ) and 232Th(n,f) reaction rates in a graphite moderated spallation neutron field produced by 1.6 GeV deuterons on lead target

    Science.gov (United States)

    Asquith, N. L.; Hashemi-Nezhad, S. R.; Westmeier, W.; Zhuk, I.; Tyutyunnikov, S.; Adam, J.

    2015-02-01

    The Gamma-3 assembly of the Joint Institute for Nuclear Research (JINR), Dubna, Russia is designed to emulate the neutron spectrum of a thermal Accelerator Driven System (ADS). It consists of a lead spallation target surrounded by reactor grade graphite. The target was irradiated with 1.6 GeV deuterons from the Nuclotron accelerator and the neutron capture and fission rate of 232Th in several locations within the assembly were experimentally measured. 232Th is a proposed fuel for envisaged Accelerator Driven Systems and these two reactions are fundamental to the performance and feasibility of 232Th in an ADS. The irradiation of the Gamma-3 assembly was also simulated using MCNPX 2.7 with the INCL4 intra-nuclear cascade and ABLA fission/evaporation models. Good agreement between the experimentally measured and calculated reaction rates was found. This serves as a good validation for the computational models and cross section data used to simulate neutron production and transport of spallation neutrons within a thermal ADS.

  18. 总线CAN/RS485/RS232协议接口收发模块

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

    CAN/RS485/RS232隔离收发模块是集成收发芯片、隔离芯片及DC/DC隔离电源于一体的接口隔离收发模块,可完全取代传统的光耦隔离方案。过去需要收发芯片+隔离芯片/光耦+隔离电源才能实现的整个隔离收发方案,现在仅需要采用一个CAN/RS485/RS232隔离收发模块便可轻松实现,

  19. 隔离式RS485和RS232微型模块收发器

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    LTM2881单通道RS485和LTM2882双通道RS232收发器运用内部感应信号隔离对逻辑电平接口和线路收发器进行隔离,以中断接地环路。这允许大得多的共模电压范围和卓越的共模抑制(〉30kV/μs)。低EMI、1W DC/DC转换器产生驱动RS485或RS232电平的电源,并提供一个额外的5V隔离电源输出,以给任何支持性外部组件供电,

  20. Monitoring of the Tev Blazar 1ES 1101-232 with RXTE and H.E.S.S.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puehlhofer, Gerd

    We want to carry out an observation campaign of 10 nights with HESS and RXTE on 1ES 1101-232, the by far most distant object detected in TeV gamma-rays. HESS is a second generation TeV Cherenkov telescope system with a much better sensitivity and lower energy threshold compared to previous instruments. The campaign will be accompanied by observations of various other instruments. Our goals are (a) to measure and understand the temporal evolution of the broad-band spectral energy distribution of Blazars, in order to allow more detailed modeling of radiation processes and particle acceleration in Blazar jets, and (b) to investigate the cosmic Extragalactic Background Light by studying the absorption of TeV gamma-rays, for which 1ES 1101-232 (z=0.186) is an extremely important target.

  1. Synergy and antagonism of active constituents of ADAPT-232 on transcriptional level of metabolic regulation of isolated neuroglial cells.

    OpenAIRE

    Alexander George Panossian; Rebecca eHamm; Onat eKadioglu; Georg Carl Wikman; Thomas eEfferth

    2013-01-01

    Gene expression profiling was performed on the human neuroglial cell line T98G after treatment with adaptogen ADAPT-232 and its constituents – extracts of Eleutherococcus senticosus root, Schisandra chinensis berry, and Rhodiola rosea root as well as several constituents individually, namely, eleutheroside E, schizandrin B, salidroside, triandrin, and tyrosol. A common feature for all tested adaptogens was their effect on G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR) signaling pathways, i.e. cAMP, phosph...

  2. Synergy and Antagonism of Active Constituents of ADAPT-232 on Transcriptional Level of Metabolic Regulation of Isolated Neuroglial Cells

    OpenAIRE

    Panossian, Alexander; Hamm, Rebecca; Kadioglu, Onat; Wikman, Georg; Efferth, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    Gene expression profiling was performed on the human neuroglial cell line T98G after treatment with adaptogen ADAPT-232 and its constituents – extracts of Eleutherococcus senticosus root, Schisandra chinensis berry, and Rhodiola rosea root as well as several constituents individually, namely, eleutheroside E, schizandrin B, salidroside, triandrin, and tyrosol. A common feature for all tested adaptogens was their effect on G-protein-coupled receptor signaling pathways, i.e., cAMP, phospholipas...

  3. 基于单片机RS232串行通讯的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨阿弟

    2007-01-01

    本设计采用美国Microchip公司的PIC16F877单片机,实现单片机与PC机的RS232串行通信.本设计简单实用、工作可靠、性价比高,可用于数据采集系统或单片机嵌入式系统的数据通信.

  4. Poison Ivy 2.3.2木马缓冲区溢出漏洞分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许凌峰; 李应

    2011-01-01

    从介绍木马Poison ivy 2.3.2版本的工作模式出发,分析了该木马的通信机制和数据包结构;挖掘了该版本木马控制端的一处缓冲区溢出漏洞,并编写了相应的漏洞利用工具。

  5. 用CP2102升级串行接口为USB接口的应用设计%RS232/USB Upgrade Design With CP2102

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张博

    2009-01-01

    由于计算机对现有RS232接口设备控制的需要,需将现有设备的RS232接口升级成USB接口,CP2102是高集成度的USB-UART桥接芯片,用它们可以以最简单的外部电路实现RS232与USB2.0的转换,即实现接口升级,文中介绍此芯片在实际的设备接口改造中的应用.

  6. [About the contents of 40K, 226Ra and 232Th in forest soils of the Republic of Belarus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perevolotskiĭ, A N; Perevolotskaia, T V

    2014-01-01

    The specific activity of 40K, 232Th and 226Ra in forest soil ecotopes (A2-B2-C2-D2) has been investigated. When the fertility of the soil increases from A2 to D2, then the specific activity of 40K increases in the rooting zone of the soil from 275 ± 6.9 up to 499 ± 11 Bq/kg, 232Th--from 11.8 ± 0.5 to 17.1 ± 1.1 Bq/kg, 226Ra- from 19.2 γ 0.8 to 27.9 ± 1.5 Bq/kg. The calculated capacity of the absorbed dose of γ-radiation conditioned by 40K, 232Th and 226Ra increases from A2 to D2 from 27.5 ± 0.5 to 44.1 ± 1.1 nGy / h at the height of 1 m.

  7. Radioactivity of Natural Nuclides (40K, 238U, 232Th, 226Ra in Coals from Eastern Yunnan, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xin Wang

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The naturally occurring primordial radionuclides in coals might exhibit high radioactivity, and can be exported to the surrounding environment during coal combustion. In this study, nine coal samples were collected from eastern Yunnan coal deposits, China, aiming at characterizing the overall radioactivity of some typical nuclides (i.e., 40K, 238U, 232Th, 226Ra and assessing their ecological impact. The mean activity concentrations of 238U, 232Th, 40K and 226Ra are 63.86 (17.70–92.30 Bq· kg-1, 23.76 (11.10–37.10 Bq· kg-1, 96.84 (30.60–229.30 Bq· kg-1 and 28.09 Bq·kg-1 (3.10–61.80 Bq·kg-1, respectively. Both 238U and 232Th have high correlations with ash yield of coals, suggesting their inorganic origins. The overall environmental effect of natural radionuclides in studied coals is considered to be negligible, as assessed by related indexes (i.e., radium equivalent activity, air-adsorbed dose rate, annual effective dose, and external hazard index. However, the absorbed dose rates values are higher than the average value of global primordial radiation and the Chinese natural gamma radiation dose rate.

  8. Fission fragments mass distributions of nuclei populated by the multinucleon transfer channels of the 18O + 232Th reaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Léguillon, R.; Nishio, K.; Hirose, K.; Makii, H.; Nishinaka, I.; Orlandi, R.; Tsukada, K.; Smallcombe, J.; Chiba, S.; Aritomo, Y.; Ohtsuki, T.; Tatsuzawa, R.; Takaki, N.; Tamura, N.; Goto, S.; Tsekhanovich, I.; Petrache, C. M.; Andreyev, A. N.

    2016-10-01

    It is shown that the multinucleon transfer reactions is a powerful tool to study fission of exotic neutron-rich actinide nuclei, which cannot be accessed by particle-capture or heavy-ion fusion reactions. In this work, multinucleon transfer channels of the 18O + 232Th reaction are used to study fission of fourteen nuclei 231,232,233,234Th, 232,233,234,235,236Pa, and 234,235,236,237,238U. Identification of fissioning nuclei and of their excitation energy is performed on an event-by-event basis, through the measurement of outgoing ejectile particle in coincidence with fission fragments. Fission fragment mass distributions are measured for each transfer channel, in selected bins of excitation energy. In particular, the mass distributions of 231,234Th and 234,235,236Pa are measured for the first time. Predominantly asymmetric fission is observed at low excitation energies for all studied cases, with a gradual increase of the symmetric mode towards higher excitation energy. The experimental distributions are found to be in general agreement with predictions of the fluctuation-dissipation model.

  9. Transfer of Radionuclides K-40, Th-232 and Ra-226 from Mining Soil to Sawi (Japanese Mustard)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hariandra, M.; Amin, Y. M.

    2008-05-01

    The uptake of naturally occurring thorium, radium and potassium by sawi (Japanese Mustard) from disused tin mining was studied. Both soil and sawi sample were collected from a vegetable farm located 15 km from Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia where the farm has been operating for 22 years on a disused tin mining. By using a gamma spectroscopy system, the transfers of radionuclides from soil to plants were investigated. The highest values of radionuclides in the soil was K-40 which is 52.8 Bq kg-1 and the lowest was Ra-226 which is 6.51 Bq kg-1. The activity of Th-232 is 18.5 Bq kg-1. The activity of radionuclides in the sawi sample shows higher values as compared to the soil sample. The highest values of radionuclides in the sawi were K-40 which is 446 Bq kg-1 and the lowest was Ra-226 which is 17.5 Bq kg-1. The activity of Th-232 is 65.2 Bq kg-1. The concentration of radionuclides in soils and plants can be used for the determination of soil-to-plant transfer factors. The soil to plant transfer factors (TF) were calculated and observed to be 2.68 for radium-226, 3.52 for thorium-232 and the highest which is 3.97 for potassium-40.

  10. Solubility assessment of 232Th from various types of soil in Malaysia using USP and DIN In Vitro digestion method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rashid, Nur Shahidah Abdul; Perama, Yasmin Mohd Idris; Salih, Fitri Hakeem Mohd; Sarmani, Sukiman; Majid, Amran Ab.; Siong, Khoo Kok

    2016-11-01

    The overall results of the study showed that the concentrations of 232Th radionuclide using DIN digestion method during gastric phase are 0.0015 mg/kg - 0.0554 mg/kg and 0.0015 mg/kg - 0.0139 mg/kg during intestinal phase, respectively. As for USP digestion method during gastric phase are between 0.0877 mg/kg - 0.4964 mg/kg and 0.0207 mg/kg - 0.2291 mg/kg. The results from the measurements in various types of soils indicates some elevation of 232Th concentration in some types of soil compared to UNSCEAR reference values, in which may be a result from the impact of previous mining activity in the surrounding area and considered to be safe. In general, the results of 232Th concentrations from in vitro extraction technique is considered to be safe. By natural processes, thorium ingestion is getting transferred to living beings through different pathways and need to be monitored in order to assess possible hazards. Environmental studies are generally carried out to trace the pathway of radionuclides/radiotoxic elements to reach living organism. Environmental monitoring and meaningful interpretation of data from man-made pollution are more complicated without adequate knowledge about the natural abundance of radioactive elements in the environment.

  11. Fission fragments mass distributions of nuclei populated by the multinucleon transfer channels of the 18O+232Th reaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Léguillon

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available It is shown that the multinucleon transfer reactions is a powerful tool to study fission of exotic neutron-rich actinide nuclei, which cannot be accessed by particle-capture or heavy-ion fusion reactions. In this work, multinucleon transfer channels of the 18O+232Th reaction are used to study fission of fourteen nuclei 231,232,233,234Th, 232,233,234,235,236Pa, and 234,235,236,237,238U. Identification of fissioning nuclei and of their excitation energy is performed on an event-by-event basis, through the measurement of outgoing ejectile particle in coincidence with fission fragments. Fission fragment mass distributions are measured for each transfer channel, in selected bins of excitation energy. In particular, the mass distributions of 231,234Th and 234,235,236Pa are measured for the first time. Predominantly asymmetric fission is observed at low excitation energies for all studied cases, with a gradual increase of the symmetric mode towards higher excitation energy. The experimental distributions are found to be in general agreement with predictions of the fluctuation–dissipation model.

  12. 武汉市空气中~(238)U、~(226)Ra、~(232)Th放射性浓度估算

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施锦华; 陈昌华

    1989-01-01

    本文报道武汉市空气中~(238)U、~(226)Ra、~(232)Th 放射性浓度的估算结果。空气中~(238)U、~(226)Ra、~(232)Th 的放射性浓度是根据地面空气中铀、镭、钍的主要天然来源是土壤粒子的再悬浮的假定,通过调查测量武汉市土壤中天然放射性核素含量和空气中含尘量,经计算后确定的。我们于1984年4—10月在武汉地区采集了60个土壤样品,调查测量了土壤中天然放射性核素含量,并根据在1981—1985年间采集的7346个空气粉尘样品测得的空气中含尘量,估算出武汉市空气中~(238)U、~(226)Ra 和~(232)Th 放射性浓度的五年平均值分别为24.0、18.9和28.7nBq/L。五年中以1983年的平均值最高,分别为30.4、23.9和36.2nBq/L。以1984和1985年的数据为例,空气中~(238)U、(226)Ra、~(232)Th 放射性浓度呈明显的季节性变化,两年中均以冬季为最高,夏季最低。在武汉市六个城区中,空气中~(238)U、~(226)Ra、~(232)Th 的放射性浓度,以青山区最高,武昌区最低。

  13. Two new cases with microdeletion of 17q23.2 suggest presence of a candidate gene for sensorineural hearing loss within this region

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schönewolf-Greulich, Bitten; Ronan, Anne; Ravn, Kristine;

    2011-01-01

    . In this report, we describe two new 17q23.2 deletion patients with mild intellectual disability and sensorineural hearing loss. They both had submicroscopic deletions smaller than the common deleted region for the 8 previously described 17q23.2 microdeletion cases. TBX4 was previously suggested...... as the responsible gene for the heart or limb defects observed in 17q23.2 deletion patients, but the present cases do not have these features despite deletion of this gene. The finding of sensorineural hearing loss in 5 of the 10 cases, including the present cases, with a microdeletion at17q23.2, strongly suggests...... the presence of a candidate gene for hearing loss within this region. We screened 41 patients with profound sensorineural hearing loss for mutations of TBX2 and detected no mutations....

  14. Associated factors and outcomes for OXA-232 Carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae infections in a tertiary care centre in Mexico City: A case-control-control study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torres-González, Pedro; Ortiz-Brizuela, Edgar; Cervera-Hernandez, Miguel Enrique; Bobadilla-Del Valle, Miriam; Martínez-Gamboa, Areli; Sifuentes-Osornio, José; Ponce-de-Leon, Alfredo

    2016-10-01

    We describe the outcomes and factors associated with OXA-232 producing carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae infections. A case-control-control study was performed; each case of infection by a carbapenem-resistant/OXA-232 (OXA-232-cases, n=27) was matched by isolation site, species, and date, with 2 cases of infection by carbapenem-susceptible/third-generation cephalosporin-susceptible (TGCS-controls, n=54) and 2 cases by carbapenem-susceptible/ESBL producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBL-controls, n=54); 66% were urinary tract and 18.5% intra-abdominal infections. In the multivariable analysis with ESBL-controls, previous use β-lactam/β-lactamase antibiotics (OR 6.2; 95% CI 1.6-23.8) and, third-generation cephalosporins (OR 0.2; 95% CI 0.05-0.8) were associated with OXA-232 infection; with TGSC-controls previous use of β-lactam/β-lactamase antibiotics (OR 3.7; 95% 1.1-12.0) was associated. Among the OXA-232-cases, 29% received imipenem/cilastatin or meropenem, 11.1% ceftriaxone, 22.2% a carbapenem-based combination and 33.3% other antimicrobials as treatment. Previous β-lactam/β-lactamase antibiotics are associated with OXA-232 infections, and some may be treated with other active carbapenems or, in the absence of ESBL, third-generation cephalosporins.

  15. Annual committed effective dose from olive oil (due to 238U, 232Th, and 222Rn) estimated for members of the Moroccan public from ingestion and skin application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Misdaq, M A; Touti, R

    2012-03-01

    Olive oil is traditionally refined and widely consumed by Moroccan rural populations. Uranium (238U), thorium (232Th), radon (222Rn), and thoron (220Rn) contents were measured in various locally produced olive oil samples collected in rural areas of Morocco. These radionuclides were also measured inside various bottled virgin olive oils consumed by the Moroccan populations. CR-39 and LR-115 type II solid state nuclear track detectors (SSNTDs) were used. Annual committed effective doses due to 238U, 232Th, and 222Rn from the ingestion of olive oil by the members of the general public were determined. The maximum total committed effective dose due to 238U, 232Th, and 222Rn from the ingestion of olive oil by adult members of Moroccan rural populations was found equal to 5.9 µSv y-1. The influence of pollution due to building material dusts and phosphates on the radiation dose to workers from the ingestion of olive oil was investigated, and it was found that the maximum total committed effective dose due to 238U, 232Th, and 222Rn was on the order of 0.22 mSy y-1. Committed effective doses to skin due to 238U, 232Th, and 222Rn from the application of olive oil masks by rural women were evaluated. The maximum total committed effective dose to skin due to 238U, 232Th, and 222Rn was found equal to 0.07 mSy y-1 cm-2.

  16. Design of an Active Photoelectric Isolating RS232/RS485 Converter%一种有源光电隔离RS232/RS485转换器设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶鑫; 李文魁; 高敬东; 钟斌

    2015-01-01

    为了提高转换器的抗干扰能力,根据现场应用环境,设计了一种抗干扰能力较强的有源光电隔离RS232/RS485接口转换电路.介绍了转换器的各电路原理图.测试表明,该转换器结构简单、抗干扰能力强、工作可靠,具有很强的应用价值.

  17. 基于可编程逻辑阵列的RS232至RS422的串行口扩展电路%Extending SCI Circuit of RS232 to RS422 based on PLA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄俊杰; 毛晓波; 黄运峰

    2004-01-01

    介绍了利用可编程逻辑阵列把1路RS232扩展至4路RS422的串行口电路设计方法.该扩展电路不占用PC系统资源,同时具有结构简单,使用方便,通用性和可补性强等特点,可广泛应用于主从式多机通讯系统中.

  18. Design and implement of USB-CAN-RS232 bus convertion circuit%USB-CAN-RS232总线转换电路设计及实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴志伟; 丁铂

    2006-01-01

    阐述3总线转换电路的简单结构和实用功能.在设计中,应用了Maxim公司的MAX232型电平转换器、Philips公司的SJA1000型CAN总线控制器以及National Semiconductor公司的USBN9603型接口等器件,并提出了适应实际需要的完善方案.

  19. FS8610单片机RS232串口软件流控制的实现%Implementation of Software Flow Control of RS232 Protocol on FS8610 Microcontroller

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谈乐林; 刘晓升

    2008-01-01

    介绍了RS232串口协议中的软件流控制及如何在MSC51单片机FS8610上实现协议中的软件流控制,并详细给出了实现的流程图.该软件流控制的实现方法虽然是在FS8610 上实现的,但同样适用于其它单片机.

  20. 应用于LIMS系统的RS232串行通讯端口程序设计%Using in the programmer of RS232 com port of LIMS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张宏伟; 邹尔宁

    2005-01-01

    本论文的设计就是为了解决实验室中具有RS232标准接口的仪器与PC机之间的数据通信问题.使实验员们能够从繁杂的手工劳动中解脱出来.使企业能够适应信息时代的要求,充分体现出方便、快捷、准确的优越性.

  1. Realization of Connecting into the CAN Network Via RS232 Based on Micro Controller Unit%基于单片机的RS232接口接入CAN网络的实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    俞一丹

    2008-01-01

    控制器局域网(CAN)是在汽车电子、工业控制领域中应用广泛的一种网络.介绍了通过单片机PIC18F4580、RS232接口和Windows系统中自带的超级终端软件将PC机接入CAN网络,提供了一种对CAN网络中各节点的测试与评估的低成本方法,实现高效稳定的PC终端与CAN网络的对接.

  2. 集UART与RS232于一体的MAX3110E原理及应用%Principle and Application of MAX3110E with UART and RS232 Integrated

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    祖先锋; 潘孟春; 韩旭; 徐国富

    2003-01-01

    MAX3110E是MAXIM公司推出的全功能收发器,它内部包括一个兼容SPITM/MICROWIRETM接口的UART以及内置电泵电容和±15kV ESD保护的双RS-232收发器.该芯片集成度高,使用灵活,性能优越.文中详细介绍了MAX3110E的特点、原理及应用电路.

  3. C语言实现RS232上、下位机串行通信%Realization of Serial Communication between PC and MCU bY RS232 Based on C language

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘胜达

    2006-01-01

    本文介绍了一种用C语言实现PC机与单片机利用RS232进行串行通信的方法,并给出了一个PC机与单片机(8051)串行通信的应用实例.采用串行异步方式及和校验发送和接收数据,上、下位机采用C语言编程.经试实验证明方法适用于多种不同的串行通信控制系统.

  4. 微波传输雷达信号的RS232串口时钟设定%The Clock Settings of RS232 Serial Port in Microwave Transmission with A Radar Signal

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘毅龙

    2011-01-01

    论文主要针对深圳空管站设备室微波传送的Alenia雷达信号时钟问题进行分析,探讨当同时连接两个传输设备的时钟冲突、DTE设备与DCE设备之间RS232接口与跳线的连接,最终解决微波传输雷达信号的丢包问题.

  5. Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 232: Area 25 Sewage Lagoons, Nevada Test Site, Nevada, Revision 0

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    USDOE/NV

    1999-05-01

    The Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 232, Area 25 Sewage Lagoons, has been developed in accordance with the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order that was agreed to by the U.S. Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office; the State of Nevada Division of Environmental Protection; and the U. S. Department of Defense. Corrective Action Unit 232 consists of Corrective Action Site 25-03-01, Sewage Lagoon. Corrective Action Unit 232, Area 25 Sewage Lagoons, received sanitary effluent from four buildings within the Test Cell ''C'' Facility from the mid-1960s through approximately 1996. The Test Cell ''C'' Facility was used to develop nuclear propulsion technology by conducting nuclear test reactor studies. Based on the site history collected to support the Data Quality Objectives process, contaminants of potential concern include volatile organic compounds, semivolatile organic compounds, Resource Conservation and Recovery Act metals, petroleum hydrocarbons, polychlorinated biphenyls, pesticides, herbicides, gamma emitting radionuclides, isotopic plutonium, isotopic uranium, and strontium-90. A detailed conceptual site model is presented in Section 3.0 and Appendix A of this Corrective Action Investigation Plan. The conceptual model serves as the basis for the sampling strategy. Under the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order, the Corrective Action Investigation Plan will be submitted to the Nevada Division of Environmental Protection for approval. Field work will be conducted following approval of the plan. The results of the field investigation will support a defensible evaluation of corrective action alternatives in the Corrective Action Decision Document.

  6. Corrective Action Investigation Plan for Corrective Action Unit 232: Area 25 Sewage Lagoons Nevada Test Site, Nevada

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    DOE/NV Operations Office

    1999-05-01

    This Corrective Action Investigation Plan (CAIP) has been developed in accordance with the Federal Facility Agreement and Consent Order (FFACO) (1996) that was agreed to by the US Department of Energy, Nevada Operations Office (DOE/NV); the State of Nevada Division of Environmental Protection (NDEP); and the US Department of Defense. The CAIP is a document that provides or references all of the specific information for investigation activities associated with Corrective Action Units (CAUs) or Corrective Action Sites (CASs). According to the FFACO, CASs are sites potentially requiring corrective action(s) and may include solid waste management units or individual disposal or release sites. A CAU consists of one or more CASs grouped together based on geography, technical similarity, or agency responsibility for the purpose of determining corrective actions. This CAIP contains the environmental sample collection objectives and criteria for conducting site investigation activities at CAU 232, Area 25 Sewage Lagoons. Corrective Action Unit 232 consists of CAS 25-03-01, Sewage Lagoon, located in Area 25 of the Nevada Test Site (NTS). The NTS is approximately 65 miles (mi) northwest of Las Vegas, Nevada (Figure 1-1) (DOE/NV, 1996a). The Area 25 Sewage Lagoons (Figure 1-2) (IT, 1999b) are located approximately 0.3 mi south of the Test Cell 'C' (TCC) Facility and were used for the discharge of sanitary effluent from the TCC facility. For purposes of this discussion, this site will be referred to as either CAU 232 or the sewage lagoons.

  7. Availability of U-238 and Th-232 present in phosphogypsum used in agriculture: precision and accuracy of the methodology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Malheiro, Luciano H.; Saueia, Catia H.R.; Mazzilli, Barbara P., E-mail: lhmalheiro@ipen.br, E-mail: chsaueia@ipen.br, E-mail: mazzilli@ipen.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2013-07-01

    Phosphogypsum (PG) can be classified as Technologically Enhanced Naturally Occurring Radioactive Material (TENORM), and it is obtained as a residue of the phosphate fertilizer industry. PG presents in its composition radionuclides of the natural U and Th series: mainly Ra-226, Ra-228, Th-232, Pb-210 and Po-210. The Brazilian producers stock the PG in dry stacks, posing risks to the surrounding environment. A possible solution to this problem is to reuse PG in agriculture; however, it is necessary to ensure that the radionuclides present in the PG will not be available to the agricultural products. This study is part of a research project sponsored by Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP - 2010-10587-0) entitled 'Availability of metals and radionuclides in tropical soils amended with phosphogypsum', and its objective is to evaluate the reliability of an optimal methodology to determine U-238 and Th-232 in samples of soils amended with PG through percolation with water. The methodology comprises a sequential radiochemical separation of the radionuclides present in the leachate. The UTEVA resin was used for the purification and separation of U-238 and Th-232, and the final activity concentrations were determined by alpha spectrometry. The precision and accuracy of the methodology were checked by measuring standard reference material. The results obtained for the relative error and relative standard deviation varied respectively from 2.34 % to 5.92 % and 6.10 % to 6.21 % for uranium, and from 0.42 % to 3.13 % and 9.68 % to 10.97 % for thorium. (author)

  8. Determination of {sup 238}U and {sup 232}Th in geological samples by alpha and gamma spectrometry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Farias, Emerson E.G. de; Hazin, Clovis A., E-mail: chazin@cnen.gov.br [Universidade Federal de Pernambuco (UFPE), Recife, PE (Brazil). Dept. de Energia Nuclear; Centro Regional de Ciencias Nucleares do Nordeste (CRCN-NE/CNEN-PE), Recife, PE (Brazil); Honorato, Eliane V.; Franca, Elvis J. De, E-mail: valentim@cnen.gov.br, E-mail: ejfranca@cnen.gov.br [Centro Regional de Ciencias Nucleares do Nordeste (CRCN-NE/CNEN-PE), Recife, PE (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    Alpha and gamma spectrometry are analytical techniques of great importance for the determination of natural radionuclides, especially for radioisotopes of the {sup 238}U and {sup 232}Th series. Due to the presence of completely different chemical elements in these series, with different gamma-ray abundances and decay branches, it is quite relevant to define consistent analytical approaches to be adopted in an environmental analysis routine basis. For the establishment of such protocol for the radiometric analysis of geological samples routinely analyzed in the Environmental Monitoring Division of the Northeastern Regional Center for Nuclear Sciences (CRCN-NE), reference materials of different geologic matrices prepared by the International Atomic Energy Agency - IAEA were analyzed through high resolution gamma-ray spectrometry by means of a Hyper Pure Germanium (HPGe) detector and high resolution alpha spectrometry using a surface barrier detector. Test portions of 2.5 g (for alpha analysis) and 50.0 g (for gamma analysis) of the reference materials IAEA-312 (soil), IAEA-314 (stream sediment), IAEA-375 (soil), and IAEA-135 (sea sediment) were analyzed. The concordance between the obtained values and the reference values for the specific activities of {sup 238}U and {sup 232}Th determined in the certified materials was considered quite satisfactory for both analytical techniques, since the relative errors were lower than 20 %, except for the results of gamma spectrometry using the line 93 keV, in which interference from the 93,35 keV gamma line of {sup 228}Ac (from the {sup 232}Th series) was detected. The results indicated a good degree of comparability for the radiometric analysis of geological samples. (author)

  9. Measurement of the fission fragment angular distribution for 232Th(n,f) at the CERN n-TOF facility

    CERN Document Server

    Tarrío, D; Audouin, L; Duran, I; Leong, L S; Paradela, C; Altstadt, S; Andrzejewski, J; Barbagallo, M; Bécares, V; Bečvář, F; Belloni, F; Berthoumieux, E; Billowes, J; Boccone, V; Bosnar, D; Brugger, M; Calviani, M; Calviño, F; Cano-Ott, D; Carrapiço, C; Cerutti, F; Chiaveri, E; Chin, M; Colonna, N; Cortés, G; Cortés-Giraldo, M A; Diakaki, M; Domingo-Pardo, C; Dzysiuk, N; Eleftheriadis, C; Ferrari, A; Fraval, K; Ganesan, S; Garcìa, A R; Giubrone, G; Gómez-Hornillos, M B; Gonçalves, I F; González-Romero, E; Griesmayer, E; Guerrero, C; Gunsing, F; Gurusamy, P; Jenkins, D G; Jericha, E; Kadi, Y; Käppeler, F; Karadimos, D; Koehler, P; Kokkoris, M; Krtička, M; Kroll, J; Langer, C; Lederer, C; Leeb, H; Losito, R; Manousos, A; Marganiec, J; Martìnez, T; Massimi, C; Mastinu, P F; Mastromarco, M; Meaze, M; Mendoza, E; Mengoni, A; Milazzo, P M; Mingrone, F; Mirea, M; Mondalaers, W; Pavlik, A; Perkowski, J; Plompen, A; Praena, J; Quesada, J M; Rauscher, T; Reifarth, R; Riego, A; Roman, F; Rubbia, C; Sarmento, R; Schillebeeckx, P; Schmidt, S; Tagliente, G; Tain, J L; Tsinganis, A; Valenta, S; Vannini, G; Variale, V; Vaz, P; Ventura, A; Versaci, R; Vermeulen, M J; Vlachoudis, V; Vlastou, R; Wallner, A; Ware, T; Weigand, M; Weiß, C; Wright, T J; Žugec, P

    2012-01-01

    A fission reaction chamber was designed to measure the angular distribution of the fragments emitted in neutron-induced fission reactions at n_TOF. Up to ten Parallel Plate Avalanche Counters can be included and kept at controlled low-pressure gas. Counters are tilted 45º with respect to the neutron beam direction and up to nine targets can be interleaved in between. A first measurement of the 232Th(n,f) was recently done and preliminary experimental results demonstrating the suitability of the setup are presented here.

  10. Development of a method for activity measurements of {sup 232}Th daughters with a multidetector gamma-ray coincidence spectrometer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Antovic, N. [Faculty of Natural Sciences and Mathematics, University of Montenegro, Cetinjski put b.b., 81000 Podgorica (Montenegro)], E-mail: antovicn@yahoo.com; Svrkota, N. [Center for Ecotoxicological Research, Put Radomira Ivanovica 2, 81000 Podgorica (Montenegro)

    2009-06-15

    The method for activity measurements of the {sup 232}Th daughters, developed at the six-crystal gamma-ray coincidence spectrometer PRIPYAT-2M and based on coincidence counting of the 583 and 2615 keV photons from cascade transitions which follow {beta}{sup -}-decay of {sup 208}Tl, as well as on counting the 911 keV photons which follow {beta}{sup -}-decay of {sup 228}Ac in the integral and non-coincidence mode of counting, is presented.

  11. 应用Lauge-Hansen分类法治疗踝关节损伤232例体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卫四来

    2003-01-01

    @@ 踝关节骨折损伤类型复杂,分类方法不一.经长期临床观察认为Lauge-Hansen分类法是指导手法复位的最佳分类法.自1991~2001年,作者采用该分类方法指导治疗踝关节损伤232例,取得了较好的疗效.现总结报告如下.

  12. 基于HT46RU232单片机的智能家居电话远程控制系统%A smart home telephone remote control system based on HT46RU232

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢辉; 王体见; 黄俊森

    2011-01-01

    A smart home telephone remote control system using the telephone communication network,based on HT46RU232 MCU core, matching the MT8870 DTMF decoder chip, ISD2560 voice chip. This system includes user identity verification, remote control home appliances, voice prompts guide the operator, home appliance status query. This system allows the operator to keep abreast of tone under a variety of information about the controlled object, and remote control through telephone number of the controlled object, to achieve intelligent control of the remote appliances.%以HT46RU232单片机为核心,配接DTMF的MT8870解码芯片和ISD2550语音芯片,使用电话通信网络,设计一个智能家居电话远程控制系统.用于校验用户身份、远程控制家用电器、语音提示引导操作、家电状态查询等.可使操作者根据各种提示音及时了解受控对象的有关信息,并通过电话远程控制多个受控对象,实现家电的远程智能化控制.具有推广价值.

  13. The Design and Realization of New Protocol Converter Typed CAN-RS232%一种新型CAN-RS232协议转换器的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    焦建军; 蔡慧林

    2013-01-01

    利用CAN总线对仅有RS232接口的数控机床构建的DNC系统,当集成的CNC系统种类较多时,将使DNC主机管理软件变得复杂,通用性降低;另外DNC主机向不同数控机床传送NC程序中需要切换,以小数据包传送NC程序会降低传输效率,降低DNC系统的实时性.本文提出的新型CAN-RS232协议转换器可嵌入不同通信协议、具有大存储空间、并能对存储空间实现智能管理.利用该协议转换器,可将DNC主机部分管理功能下移,增大一次传输的数据量,提高DNC系统的实时性,增加DNC系统集成规模.实验证明该协议转换器是可行的、有效的.

  14. Determination of specific concentrations of {sup 40}K, {sup 238}U and {sup 232}Th in mineral fertilizer samples

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcez, Ricardo W.D.; Lopes, Jose M.; Silva, Ademir X., E-mail: r.w.o.g@fisica.if.uff.br, E-mail: ademir@nuclear.ufrj.br [Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-Graduacao em Engenharia (COPPE/UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Programa de Engenharia Nuclear; Domingues, Alessandro M.; Lima, Marco F. [Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil)

    2015-07-01

    The use of fertilizer is an established practice worldwide to promote agricultural productivity increased without increasing the planted area, resulting in native forests protection and increase of the food availability. Some kinds of fertilizer have in their chemical composition some radionuclides due the origin of its feedstock, such as {sup 238}U, the {sup 232}Th, and their descendants, beyond {sup 40}K. Knowledge of the radioactivity levels in the environment is great importance to know the gamma radiation dose that the human being is exposed. For identification and quantitation of radionuclides, it was used gamma spectrometry where HPGe detector was used to obtain the spectra, and LabSOCS software for calculating the detection efficiency for each energy. The values of {sup 232}Th specific concentrations ranged from 4.1 to 368.1 Bq.Kg{sup -1}, the values of {sup 238}U specific concentrations ranged from 16.0 to 647.7 Bq.Kg{sup -1} and {sup 40}K specific concentrations ranged from 19.1 to 12713 Bq.Kg{sup -1}. Concentrations of values are consistent with those found in literature. (author)

  15. Natural radioactivity (226Ra, 232Th and 40K) and assessment of radiological hazards in the Kestanbol granitoid, Turkey.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canbaz, Buket; Cam, N Füsun; Yaprak, Günseli; Candan, Osman

    2010-09-01

    The surveys of natural gamma-emitting radionuclides in rocks and soils from the Ezine plutonic area were conducted during 2007. Direct dose measurement using a survey meter was carried out simultaneously. The present study, which is part of the survey, analysed the activity concentrations of (238)U, (232)Th and (40)K in granitoid samples from all over the region by HPGe gamma spectrometry. The activity concentrations of (226)Ra ranged from 94 to 637 Bq kg(-1), those of (232)Th ranged from 120 to 601 Bq kg(-1)and those of (40)K ranged from 1074 to 1527 Bq kg(-1) in the analysed rock samples from different parts of the pluton. To evaluate the radiological hazard of the natural radioactivity in the samples, the absorbed dose rate (D), the annual effective dose rate, the radium equivalent activity (Ra(eq)) and the external (H(ex)) hazard index were calculated according to the UNSCEAR 2000 report. The thorium-to-uranium concentration ratios were also estimated.

  16. Primordial radioactivity ((238)U, (232)Th and (40)K) measurements for soils of Ludhiana district of Punjab, India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badhan, K; Mehra, R

    2012-11-01

    The aim of the present work was to study the activity concentration and absorbed gamma dose rates due to primordial radionuclides ((238)U, (232)Th and (40)K) for the soil of different villages of Ludhiana district of Punjab, India using a high-purity germanium detector based on high resolution gamma-ray spectrometry. The average activity concentrations of (238)U, (232)Th and (40)K in the soil samples have been found to be 28.58, 50.95 and 569.59 Bq kg(-1), respectively, which gives the total gamma dose rate contribution of 68.50 nGy h(-1). To evaluate the radiological hazard of the natural radioactivity, the radium equivalent activity, the external hazard index, the absorbed dose rate and the effective dose rate have been calculated. The calculated radium equivalent activity values are on the lower side of the recommended safe limit value of 370 Bq kg(-1) by Organization of Economic and Control Department. The calculated value of external health hazard index is lower than unity.

  17. Vysílač sériových dat ve formátu RS-232

    OpenAIRE

    Paul, Martin

    2008-01-01

    Cílem této bakalářské práce je navržení vysílače sériových dat formátu RS-232 ve vývojovém prostředí Xilinx ISE WebPACK s možností nastavit detaily formátu vysílaných dat vstupními signály. Dále je nutné prozkoumat požadavky navrženého vysílače na spotřebu strukturních prvků v různých cílových obvodech PLD a na závěr provést ověření funkčnosti návrhu pomocí vývojového kitu. The aim of my bachelor thesis is to create an RS-232 transmitter in the Xilinx ISE WebPACK development system with th...

  18. The Hadronic Origin of the Hard Gamma-Ray Spectrum from Blazar 1ES 1101-232

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Gang; Wang, Jiancheng

    2014-03-01

    The very hard γ-ray spectrum from distant blazars challenges the traditional synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) model, which may indicate that there is a contribution from an additional high-energy component beyond the SSC emission. In this paper, we study the possible origin of the hard γ-ray spectrum from distant blazars. We develop a model to explain the hard γ-ray spectrum from blazar 1ES 1101-232. In the model, the optical and X-ray radiation would come from the synchrotron radiation of primary electrons and secondary pairs and the GeV emission would be produced by the SSC process, however, the hard γ-ray spectrum would originate from the decay of neutral pion produced through proton-photon interactions with the synchrotron radiation photons within the jet. Our model can explain the observed spectral energy distribution of 1ES 1101-232 well, especially the very hard γ-ray spectrum. However, our model requires a very large proton power to efficiently produce the γ-ray through proton-photon interactions.

  19. [Trends in infective endocarditis in a medium-sized University Hospital in Italy: analysis of 232 cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pallotto, Carlo; Martinelli, Laura; Baldelli, Franco; Bucaneve, Gianpaolo; Cecchini, Enisia; Malincarne, Lisa; Pasticci, Maria Bruna

    2014-06-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate the epidemiological and clinical characteristics of 232 cases of infective endocarditis (IE), admitted to the Clinica delle Malattie Infettive of Perugia Italy from 1973 to 2012. The analysis was retrospective until 2004. After this year, all the consecutive IE cases were included by utilizing the same prospective observational protocol of the Italian Study on Endocarditis (SEI). Out of 232 EI cases, 200 (86.2 %) were definite. Over the 40-year period, a statistically significant increase was observed in the patients' age, the rate of IE admissions and prosthetic device IEs. The rate of healthcare-associated IEs also increased in the last 10 years (p=NS). Diabetes mellitus was the most frequent comorbidity. There were no variations in the rate of S. aureus and streptococcal IEs. Central nervous system complications and surgery were reported in 19.4 percent and 29.3 percent of the cases, respectively. The in-hospital mortality was 18.9 percent. In conclusion, the epidemiological and clinical trends of this study are in agreement with the literature. The difference in S. aureus endocarditis, neurological complications and surgery rates may be due to the fact that this was a single centre and, for its first part, a retrospective study. A shared, multidisciplinary protocol may be useful to improve the outcome of patients with IE and its epidemiology.

  20. {sup 226}Ra, {sup 232}Th and {sup 40}K analysis in sand samples from some beaches of Great Vitoria, Espirito Santo, Brazil: preliminary results

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aquino, Reginaldo R.; Pecequilo, Brigitte R.S., E-mail: raquino@ipen.b, E-mail: brigitte@ipen.b [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Gerencia de Metrologia das Radiacoes

    2009-07-01

    The natural radioactivity in superficial beach sand samples of 7 beaches of Great Vitoria, metropolitan region of the State of Espirito Santo, southeast Brazil, was determined from the {sup 226}Ra, {sup 232}Th and {sup 4}0{sup K} contents. The assessed beaches were Manguinhos, Camburi, Praia do Canto, Curva da Jurema, Itapua, Setibao and Areia Preta. Three samples of each beach were sealed in standard 100 mL polyethylene flasks and stored in order to obtain secular equilibrium in the {sup 238}U and {sup 232}Th series. All samples were measured by high resolution gamma spectrometry and the spectra were analyzed with the WinnerGamma software. The {sup 232}Th concentration was determined from the average concentrations of {sup 228}Ac, {sup 212}Pb and {sup 212}Bi and the {sup 226}Ra concentration was determined from the average concentrations of {sup 214}Pb and {sup 214}Bi. Preliminary results show concentrations varying from 9 Bq.kg{sup -1} to 6035 Bq.kg{sup -1} for {sup 232}Th, from 4 Bq.kg{sup -1} to 575 Bq.kg{sup -1} for {sup 226}Ra and from 13 Bq.kg{sup -1} to 142 Bq.kg{sup -1} for {sup 40}K. Areia Preta beach shows the highest values for {sup 232}Th, while the highest value for {sup 226}Ra was observed for Camburi beach. High values of {sup 40}K were observed for Curva da Jurema beach. (author)

  1. PC与Trane CH530控制器的长距离通讯方案%Long distance RS232 Communication for Trane CH530 and PC

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑金勇

    2015-01-01

    This paper introduces a long distance RS232 communication between Trance CH530 control er and PC,it also can be used for other long distance RS232 communication requirement,but should change the line-connection depend on device.%介绍PC与Trane CH530控制器的长距离通讯方案及具体实现方法。该方案也可用于类似的有长距离RS232串行通讯要求的场合,在实际应用中需要根据终端设备调整交叉线的接线方法。

  2. 基于RS232/485协议的多机通信系统的设计%Design of multi-machine communication system based on RS232/485 protocol

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘萍先; 曹清华; 赵筱媛

    2008-01-01

    基于RS232/RS485协议,利用 MCS51系列单片机和VB6.0及WinAPI函数,完成一对多的数据通信系统设计,同时对多机通讯编程问题进行了讨论,指出了使用WinAPI函数解决MSCOMM通信控件无法实现的多机通讯问题的关键点,并提供了一个实现了该方案的电镀槽数据采集与控制系统的实例.

  3. Application of RS232 Serial Communications in Motorcycle Exhaust Testing%RS232串口通信在摩托车排放测试中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓丽; 李平

    2007-01-01

    针对传统的摩托车排放检测硬件电路复杂,易受干扰的不足,提出了一种新型的串口通信的摩托车排放测试方法.将工控机和排放仪利用串口线相连,利用MSComm控件编写RS232串口通信程序,实现了工控机对排放仪数据的采集、数据显示和结果判断.实际运行结果表明,该方法硬件电路简单、成本低、传输数据不易受干扰.

  4. 232例儿童热性惊厥血清钠浓度临床分析%Clinical Analysis about Concentrations of Natrium in 232 Cases Children with Febrile Convulsions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘庆玲

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To investigate the changes of concentrations of natrium and its clinical significance in children with febrile convulsions. Method:Clinical data of 232 children with febrile convulsions who visited Beijing commercial aviation general hospital from 2010 to 2012 were retrospectively analyzed.Result:The concentrations of natrium of children with febrile convulsions were diffrently lower than normal,especially in children with recurrent convulsion and status convulsion whose concentrations of natrium were obviously lower than children with simple febrile convulsions. Conclusion:Varying degrees of hyponatremia occur in children with febrile convulsions. It should pay attention to correct hyponatremia in treatmen of febrile convulsions to reduce the relapse frequency and duration of febrile convulsions,so reduce the harm of brain organization.%目的:探讨热性惊厥患儿血清钠浓度变化及临床意义。方法:对北京民航总医院2010-2012年急诊治疗的232例热性惊厥患儿血清钠浓度作回顾性分析。结果:热性惊厥儿童血清钠浓度常有不同程度的降低,且惊厥反复发作及惊厥持续状态患儿的血清钠浓度明显低于单纯性热性惊厥患儿。结论:热性惊厥患儿常存在不同程度的低钠血症,在常规治疗小儿热性惊厥时应注意纠正低钠血症,以减少小儿热性惊厥的发作次数及持续时间,减轻脑组织损害。

  5. MBE-grown 232-270 nm Deep-UV LEDs using Monolayer thin Binary GaN/AlN quantum heterostructures

    CERN Document Server

    Islam, SM; Verma, Jai; Protasenko, Vladimir; Rouvimov, Sergei; Xing, Huili; Jena, Debdeep

    2016-01-01

    Electrically injected deep ultra-violet (UV) emission is obtained using monolayer (ML) thin GaN/AlN quantum structures as active regions. The emission wavelength is tuned by controlling the thickness of ultrathin GaN layers with monolayer precision using plasma assisted molecular beam epitaxy (PAMBE). Single peaked emission spectra is achieved with narrow full width at half maximum (FWHM) for three different light emitting diodes (LEDs) operating at 232 nm, 246 nm and 270 nm. 232 nm (5.34 eV) is the shortest EL emission wavelength reported so far using GaN as the light emitting material and employing polarization-induced doping.

  6. Detection efficiencies of 226Ra and 232Th in different modes of counting of the PRIPYAT-2M spectrometer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antović Nevenka M.

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Detection efficiencies of 226Ra and 232Th decay products, as well as corresponding minimum detectable activities in different modes of counting of the PRIPYAT-2M spectrometer (integral, when all pulses - coincident and non-coincident, are counted; non-coincident, when only non-coincident pulses are counted; coincident, when coincident pulses of multiplicity from 2 to 6 are counted, in energy ranges of 200 keV to 2000 keV and 300 keV to 3000 keV are presented here. It has been shown that the mode of double coincidences is the optimum one for measuring radium and thorium activity. In this mode of counting, the sensitivity of the spectrometer is the highest.

  7. 基于FS8610的RS232-Ethernet应用的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沙健胜; 刘晓升

    2008-01-01

    主要介绍了基于FS8610芯片而实现串口服务器功能的设计方案,采用一个集成了网络协议功能的8位高速控制芯片,通过C编程实现串口与以太网之间的数据通信。串口至以太网接口转换器使得带有RS232/422/485通讯接口的设备和以太网服务器进行数据流传输,通过以太网服务器对串口设备进行实时监控。

  8. Implementation of the RS232 communication trainer using computers and the ATMEGA microcontroller for interface engineering Courses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amelia, Afritha; Julham; Viyata Sundawa, Bakti; Pardede, Morlan; Sutrisno, Wiwinta; Rusdi, Muhammad

    2017-09-01

    RS232 of serial communication is the communication system in the computer and microcontroller. This communication was studied in Department of Electrical Engineering and Department of Computer Engineering and Informatics Department at Politeknik Negeri Medan. Recently, an application of simulation was installed on the computer which used for teaching and learning process. The drawback of this system is not useful for communication method between learner and trainer. Therefore, this study was created method of 10 stage to which divided into 7 stages and 3 major phases. It can be namely the analysis of potential problems and data collection, trainer design, and empirical testing and revision. After that, the trainer and module were tested in order to get feedback from the learner. The result showed that 70.10% of feedback which wide reasonable from the learner of questionnaire.

  9. Avian influenza (H5N1 virus of clade 2.3.2 in domestic poultry in India.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shanmuga Nagarajan

    Full Text Available South Asia has experienced regular outbreaks of H5N1 avian influenza virus since its first detection in India and Pakistan in February, 2006. Till 2009, the outbreaks in this region were due to clade 2.2 H5N1 virus. In 2010, Nepal reported the first outbreak of clade 2.3.2 virus in South Asia. In February 2011, two outbreaks of H5N1 virus were reported in the State of Tripura in India. The antigenic and genetic analyses of seven H5N1 viruses isolated during these outbreaks were carried out. Antigenic analysis confirmed 64 to 256-fold reduction in cross reactivity compared with clade 2.2 viruses. The intravenous pathogenicity index of the isolates ranged from 2.80-2.95 indicating high pathogenicity to chickens. Sequencing of all the eight gene-segments of seven H5N1 viruses isolated in these outbreaks was carried out. The predicted amino acid sequence analysis revealed high pathogenicity to chickens and susceptibility to the antivirals, amantadine and oseltamivir. Phylogenetic analyses indicated that these viruses belong to clade 2.3.2.1 and were distinct to the clade 2.3.2.1 viruses isolated in Nepal. Identification of new clade 2.3.2 H5N1 viruses in South Asia is reminiscent of the introduction of clade 2.2 viruses in this region in 2006/7. It is now important to monitor whether the clade 2.3.2.1 is replacing clade 2.2 in this region or co-circulating with it. Continued co-circulation of various subclades of the H5N1 virus which are more adapted to land based poultry in a highly populated region such as South Asia increases the risk of evolution of pandemic H5N1 strains.

  10. 30 CFR 285.232 - May I acquire a lease noncompetitively after responding to a Request for Interest or Call for...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... responding to a Request for Interest or Call for Information and Nominations under § 285.213? 285.232... after responding to a Request for Interest or Call for Information and Nominations under § 285.213? (a... response to the RFI or Call, we may inform you that there does not appear to be competitive interest,...

  11. Prototype of A/Duck/Sukoharjo/Bbvw-1428-9/2012 subtipe H5N1 clade 2.3.2 as vaccine on local duck

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Risa Indriani

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available A/Duck/Sukoharjo/Bbvw-1428-9/2012 virus subtipe H5N1 clade 2.3.2 as seed vaccine on local duck. AI H5N1 clade 2.3.2 vaccine containing 256 HAU per dose was formulated using adjuvant ISA 71VG Montanide ™. Six groups of one day old local duck were used in this study. Three groups (10 ducks per group were vaccinated and 3 groups (9 duck per group were served control. Vaccination was conducted when the duck were three weeks old of age using single dose. Three weeks after vaccination when the duck were challenged either with HPAI H5N1 clade 2.3.2, or HPAI H5N1 clade 2.1.3 virus at dose 106 EID50/ 0.1 ml by drops intranasaly. Result showed that vaccination produced 100% protection compared to unvaccinated ducks againt HPAI subtipe H5N1 clade 2.3.2, and 100% protection againt HPAI H5N1 clade 2.1.3 (A/ck/wj/Subang-29/2007 and A/ck/wj/Smi-Part/2006, while unvaccinated ducks showed virus shedding on day 3 post infection.

  12. Distribution of 226Ra, 232Th and 40K in soils and sugar cane crops at Corumbataí river basin, São Paulo State, Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Conceição, Fabiano Tomazini; Bonotto, Daniel Marcos; Jiménez-Rueda, Jairo Roberto; Roveda, José Arnaldo Frutuoso

    2009-06-01

    The common use of phosphate fertilizers NPK and amendments in sugar cane crops in Brazilian agriculture may increase the (226)Ra, (232)Th and (40)K activity concentrations in soils and their availability for plants and human food chain. Thus, the main aim of this study was to evaluate the distribution of (226)Ra, (232)Th and (40)K in soils and sugar cane crops in the Corumbataí river basin, São Paulo State, Brazil. The gamma spectrometry was utilized to measure the (226)Ra, (232)Th and (40)K activity concentration in all samples. The soil-to-sugar cane transfer factors (TF) were quantified using the ratio between the radionuclide activity concentration in sugar cane and its activity concentration in soil. The results show that, although radionuclides incorporated in phosphate fertilizers and amendments are annually added in the sugar cane crops, if utilized in accordance with the recommended rates, their use does not lead to hazards levels in soils. The soil-to-sugar cane transfer of radionuclides occurred in the following order (40)K>(226)Ra>(232)Th. Therefore, under these conditions, radionuclides intake through consumption of sugar is not hazardous to human health.

  13. Statistical model calculations of pre-scission neutron multiplicity for the heavy ion induced fusion-fission reactions with actinide target 232Th

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thakur Meenu

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The reaction mechanism of 19F + 232Th and 28Si + 232Th systems populating the near-super-heavy compound nuclei 251Es and 260Rf respectively are investigated using neutron multiplicity as a probe. The prescission neutron multiplicities of these compound nuclei are calculated at different excitation energies using a statistical model code. These calculations are performed using the Bohr-Wheeler transition state fission width as well as the dissipative dynamical fission width based on the Kramers’ prescription. For 19F + 232Th system, the measured yield of pre-scission is compared with the statistical model calculations for the decay of a compound nucleus in the excitation energy range of 54-90 MeV. The comparison between the measured and the calculated values indicates that the Bohr-Wheeler fission width underestimates the pre-scission neutron yield and a large amount of dissipation strength is required to reproduce the experimental pre-scission neutron multiplicities. The excitation energy dependence of the fitted values of the dissipation coefficient is also discussed. In addition, exploratory statistical model calculations of pre-scission neutron multiplicity for the 28Si + 232Th system are presented in the above range of excitation energy.

  14. Proton-induced fission at 190 MeV of W-nat, Au-197, Pb-nat, Pb-208, and Th-232

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Duijvestijn, MC; Koning, AJ; Beijers, JPM; Gastal, M; van Klinken, J; Ostendorf, RW

    1999-01-01

    Proton-induced fission at 190 MeV of W-nat, Au-197, Pb-nat, Pb-208, and Th-232 is studied by means of an innovative method based on activation analysis. The fission-product mass distribution is reconstructed from the fission-product yields, which are obtained from off-line observed gamma-ray spectra

  15. The activity concentrations of 40K, 226Ra, 232Th, 238U and 7Be in moss from spas in eastern Serbia in the period 2000-2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Čučulović Ana

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In this work we present the activity concentrations of natural radionuclides 40K, 226Ra, 232Th, 238U and 7Be in mosses. One hundred and sixty-seven moss samples were collected between 2001 and 2012 from the territory of the Sokobanja, Banja Jošanica and Gamzigradska Banja spas. They were classified into 23 species. The activity concentrations (Bq/kg in moss from Sokobanja spa were: 40K 25-427; 226Ra 0.3-36; 232Th 1.0-37; 238U 0.4-28 and 7Be 29-210; from Banja Jošanica spa they were: 40K 90-242; 226Ra 2.4-11.7; 232Th 2.0-12.7; 238U 1.6-11.3 and 7Be 142-212; Gamzigradska Banja spa: 40K 95-351; 226Ra 8.0-21; 232Th 5.1-19; 238U 6.7-18 and 7Be 20-144. The activity concentrations of dominant natural radionuclides (potassium, radium, thorium and uranium in the moss samples were within the usual ranges for the territory of Serbia. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. III 43009

  16. Comment on `Update of 40K and 226Ra and 232Th series $\\gamma$-to-dose conversion factors for soil'

    CERN Document Server

    Malins, Alex; Saito, Kimiaki

    2015-01-01

    A letter to the editor of the Journal of Environmental Radioactivity on the article: E. Gasser, A. Nachab, A. Nourreddine, Ch. Roy, and A. Sellam, `Update of 40K and 226Ra and 232Th series $\\gamma$-to-dose conversion factors for soil', J. Environ. Radioactiv. 138, 68-71 (2014), DOI: 10.1016/j.jenvrad.2014.08.002.

  17. Effects of the diacylglycerol o-acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) K232A polymorphism on fatty acid, protein, and mineral composition of dairy cattle milk

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bovenhuis, H.; Visker, M.H.P.W.; Poulsen, N.A.; Sehested, J.; Valenberg, van H.J.F.; Arendonk, van J.A.M.; Larsen, L.B.; Buitenhuis, A.J.

    2016-01-01

    Several studies have described associations between the diacylglycerol o-acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) K232A polymorphism and routinely collected milk production traits but not much is known about effects of the DGAT1 polymorphism on detailed milk composition. The aim of this study was to estimate ef

  18. Partitioning of 232Th, 230Th and 228Th in the Surface Water of Northwest Peninsular Malaysia Coastal Waters as Tracer for SPM Sources

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nor Faizah MMK Noorulhudha

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available Natural thorium radioisotopes (232Th, 230Th, 228Th, 234Th are well known to be particle reactive, thus they are often used to study the geochemical process of particle reactive matter. In this study, water samples were collected from Langkawi Island and Pangkor Island from six and ten sampling stations respectively, to determine the activity of 232Th, 230Th and 228Th in dissolved (DISS and suspended particulate matter (SPM phases, and estimate the sources and origin of SPM into the marine environment. The results in terms of volume activity concentration (mBq/L shows that the activity level of 228ThDISS was higher than 228ThSPM at all sampling stations possibly due to the behaviour of the 228Th parent, 228Ra which is easily desorbed from SPM. At several stations far from the coast; stations L4 (4.58km, P7 (3.16 km, P6 (2.1 km, P10 (1.38 km, the activity of 232ThDISS was higher compared to 232ThSPM. These stations behave the same way as the open ocean in which 232ThDISS is contributed by atmospheric dust. Indeed, the partition of thorium between dissolved and SPM phase can be used to detect anthropogenic organic pollution as in station L6 in which thorium activity in dissolved phase is higher compared to in SPM phase. Moreover, the use of the (232Th/230ThSPM ratio is useful to detect lithogenic input to the marine environment in which the ratio ranges from 0.13 to 0.5 and 0.7 to 3.16 for stations that are far and near to the coast respectively, except for station P1. However the data analysis shows that there is no clear pattern of kd values at both sampling sites, probably due to the adsorption and desorption processes of 232Th and 230Th that occurs in the water column. Nevertheless, as the SPM concentration (mg/L increases, the kd value decreases except for the activity of 228Th which shows a strong negative correlation with SPM.

  19. The Lyman continuum escape and ISM properties in Tololo 1247-232 - new insights from HST and VLA★

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puschnig, J.; Hayes, M.; Östlin, G.; Rivera-Thorsen, T. E.; Melinder, J.; Cannon, J. M.; Menacho, V.; Zackrisson, E.; Bergvall, N.; Leitet, E.

    2017-08-01

    Low- and intermediate-mass galaxies are widely discussed as cause of reionization at redshift z ∼ 10-6. However, observational proof of galaxies that are leaking ionizing radiation (Lyman continuum; LyC) is a currently ongoing challenge and the list of LyC emitting candidates is still short. Tololo 1247-232 is among those very few galaxies with recently reported leakage. We performed intermediate resolution ultraviolet spectroscopy with the Cosmic Origins Spectrograph onboard the Hubble Space Telescope and confirm ionizing radiation emerging from Tololo 1247-232. Adopting an improved data reduction procedure, we find that LyC escapes from the central stellar clusters, with an escape fraction of 1.5 ± 0.5 per cent only, i.e. the lowest value reported for the galaxy so far. We further make use of far-ultraviolet absorption lines of Si ii and Si iv as a probe of the neutral and ionized interstellar medium (ISM). We find that most of the ISM gas is ionized, likely facilitating LyC escape from density bounded regions. Neutral gas covering as a function of line-of-sight velocity is derived using the apparent optical depth method. The ISM is found to be sufficiently clumpy, supporting the direct escape of LyC photons. We further report on broad-band UV and optical continuum imaging as well as narrow-band imaging of Lyα, Hα and Hβ. Using stellar population synthesis, an Lyα escape fraction of 8 per cent was derived. We also performed Very Large Array 21cm imaging. The hydrogen hyperfine transition was not detected, but a deep upper limit atomic gas mass of ≲109 M⊙ could be derived. The upper limit gas fraction defined as M_{H I}/M_* is only 20 per cent. Evidence is found that the H i gas halo is relatively small compared to the Lyman Alpha Reference Sample (Hayes et al. 2013, 2014; Östlin et al. 2014).

  20. 宫颈不典型鳞状细胞232例临床分流方法探讨%Clinical Sorting Method of 232 Cases with Atypical Squamous Cells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨冬; 诸雪峻

    2011-01-01

    Objective:To explore the correct diagnosis and proper sorting method in women with ASC. Methods:232 Women diagnosed as ASC were included in this study, and underwent colposcopy and hr-HPV test (Hybrid Capture 2). Results:(I)ln the 232 cases of ASC, 214 cases of ASCUS ( 92.2%)and 18 cases of ASCH (7. 8%) were found. ?The positive result of cervical biopsy and CIN11 or higher grade lesion in ASCUS or ASCH groups were 98 cases(45. 8%) ,18 caes(8.4%) ,and 15 cases(83.3%), 6 cases (33. 3%) ,the differences between the two groups were significant (P=0. 003;P=0. 005). In cases with ASCUS, 97 cases of hr-HPV Test were positive, in which 77.3% cases were with positive biopsy, 16. 5% cases were CIN U or higher grade disease. While, 117 cases of HPV test were negative, in which 19.7% cases were positive biopsy, 1.7% cases were CIN n , no higher grade disease. (3)The sensitivity and specificity of hr-HPV test for CIN and cervical cancer were 76. 5% and 81.0%, while those of colposcopy were 83.7% and 77.6% respectively, no differences were found between the two groups( P=0.283; P=0.627). Conclusions: ASCH strongly predicts the presence of HSIL and cervical cancer, colposcopic examination is the proper choice. HPV test and colposcopic examination are effective sorting methods for patients with ASCUS. For HPV negative patients, repeat pap smear in 6 month is proper, while for HPV positive patients,colposcopic examination is recommended.%目的:探讨宫颈不典型鳞状细胞(ASC)正确诊断、合理临床分流方法.方法:232例ASC患者接受阴道镜下宫颈活检,并采用第二代杂交捕获法检测高危型人乳头瘤病毒(HPV).结果:①232例ASC中未明确诊断意义的不典型鳞状上皮细胞(ASCUS)Z14例(92.2%),不排除高度病变的不典型鳞状上皮细胞(ASCH)18例(7.8%).②ASCUS组和ASCH组宫颈活检阳性患者、CINⅡ-Ⅲ及宫颈浸润癌患者分别为98例(45.8%)、18例(8.4%)和15例(83.3%)、6例(33.3%),两组间比较差

  1. 具有RS232串口的电容式油量传感器的设计%Design of Capacitor-type Fuel Quantity Sensor with RS232 Interface

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于相斌; 常丽敏; 张亚刚

    2007-01-01

    电容式油量传感器由于结构简单、工作可靠,因此使用的比较广泛.但这种传感器的准确性受连接导线分布电容和温度的影响较大,从而制约了电容式油量表测量精度的提高.提出了一种基于单片机的具有RS232串口的电容式油量传感器的设计方法,解决了电容式油量传感器受连接导线分布电容影响和硬件补偿温度误差精度不高的问题.该传感器具有便于数字显示,性价比高,工作可靠等特点.

  2. Analysis of chromosomal karyotypes, age and height on diagnosis of 232 patients with Turner syndrome%Turner综合征232例染色体核型、诊断年龄和身高分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王红; 金煜炜; 瞿宇晋; 宋昉

    2013-01-01

    目的 研究Turner综合征(TS)的染色体核型、诊断年龄和身高的分布特点.方法 对27年随机就诊的1015例身材矮小女童,经过染色体核型分析确定TS的诊断,回顾性统计分析TS患儿的染色体核型、诊断年龄和身高,采用SPSS 11.0软件进行数据统计分析.结果 1.确诊TS患儿232例,诊断率为22.9%.2.共检测到26种异常染色体核型,以45,X和46,Xi(Xq)最为常见,分别为75例(32.4%)和38例(16.4%).其中有21种嵌合体核型,共111例(47.8%).3.TS患儿诊断年龄为(10.90 ±4.55)岁,青春期是诊断高峰.<2岁组15例(6.4%)、2~<7岁组35例(15.1%)、7~ <12岁组93例(40.1%)、12 ~<18岁组89例(38.4%).4.TS患儿身高标准差得分(Z分值)均值为-3.60±1.20,Z分值与诊断年龄之间存在明显的负线性相关(r=-0.613,P<0.000).5.在年龄≥13岁的74例TS患儿中64例(86.5%)出现青春期延迟,而在81例非TS病例中仅22例(27.2%),2组间差异有统计学意义(OR=16.297,P=0.000).结论 1.TS的染色体核型呈多样性.2.TS患儿的身高不足随着年龄的增加更为显著,青春期延迟的特征性表现也逐渐显现.3.国内TS诊断年龄比发达国家延迟;对于身高Z分值低于-2或在身高下限的矮小女童应及早进行染色体核型分析,有益于TS的早期诊断.%Objective To study the distribution characteristics of chromosomal karyotypes,age and height on diagnosis of patients with Turner syndrome(TS).Methods Karyotypes analysis was performed in 1015 girls with short stature who visited the hospital in recent 27 years.And statistical analysis of the chromosomal karyotypes,age and height on the diagnosis of patients with TS were performed by using the SPSS 11.0 software.Results 1.Two hundred and thirty-two (22.9%) patients were diagnosed with TS.2.A total of 26 kinds of abnormal karyotypes were detected in 232 patients with TS and the 45,X (32.4%,75/232 cases) and 46,Xi (Xq) (16.4%,38/232 cases) were

  3. Measurement of the {sup 232}thorium capture cross section at n-TOF-CERN; Mesure de la section efficace de capture neutronique du {sup 232}Th a n-TOF au CERN

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aerts, G

    2005-09-01

    Within the context of nuclear power as a sustainable energy resource, a program of research is concentrated on a new nuclear fuel cycle based on thorium. The main advantage, as compared to the uranium cycle, is a lower production of minor actinides, of which the radiological impact on the long term constitutes a problem. At present, nuclear data libraries don't provide cross sections of a good enough quality, allowing more realistic calculations from simulations related to these reactors. The {sup 232}Th neutron capture cross section is an example. With the n-TOF collaboration, the measurement of this reaction was achieved in 2002 using two C{sub 6}D{sub 6} detectors. The experimental area located at CERN, is characterized by an outstanding neutron energy resolution coupled to a high instantaneous neutron flux. The determination of the gamma-ray cascade detection efficiency, with a random behaviour, has been obtained by the use of weighting functions. These were deduced from Monte Carlo simulations with the code MCNP. Data extraction, reduction, and the description of the neutron flux have lead to the capture yield. In the resolved resonance region, the resonance parameters describing the cross section were deduced with the code SAMMY, using the R-matrix theory. In the unresolved resonance region, an uncertainty of 3,5% is found, and a comparison with recent measurements shows a good agreement. (author)

  4. 基于PIC18F248的RS232/CAN互连适配器的设计及实现%The Design and Realization of Interconnected Adapter Between RS232 and CAN Bus Based on PIC18F248 Microcomputer

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈彪; 毛六平; 戴瑜兴

    2004-01-01

    为了将变电站综合自动化系统中具有RS232接口的继电保护器接入到CAN通信网络中,设计了一种基于PIC18F248的RS232/CAN互连适配器,对其硬件接口电路、硬件抗干扰电路和CAN报文帧以及单片机软件流程的设计与实现进行了叙述.该互连适配器已成功应用于以RS232作为通信接口的继电保护器上,位速率高,通信稳定可靠,具有较强的抗干扰能力.

  5. Temperature Measuring System Based on RS232 Communication Interface of AT89C52 Microcontroller and ER400TRS%基于AT89C52单片微机RS232通讯口及ER400TRS的测温系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁斌; 马正华

    2005-01-01

    RS232接口在计算机通讯中应用非常广泛,成为一种标准的串口通讯方式.而RS232无线通讯作为新型的无线连接器也得到广泛的应用.介绍了1种以RS232为标准的无线通讯方式,AT89C52为控制芯片,ER400TRS为无线传输芯片的近距离无线测温系统.经过电路设计,编写程序和测试,数据收发的准确性和稳定性均达到设计效果.

  6. Analysis of radon, uranium 238 and thorium 232 in potable waters: Dose to adult members of the Moroccan urban population

    Science.gov (United States)

    Misdaq, M. A.; Ouabi, H.; Merzouki, A.

    2007-10-01

    Uranium (238U) and thorium (232Th) concentrations as well as radon (222Rn) and thoron (220Rn) alpha-activities per unit volume have been measured inside various potable water samples collected from nineteen cities in Morocco by using CR-39 and LR-115 type II solid state nuclear track detectors (SSNTDs). Measured radon alpha-activities ranged from (0.37 ± 0.02) Bq l-1 to (13.6 ± 1.10) Bq l-1 for the potable water samples studied. Alpha-activities due to radon from the ingestion of the studied potable water samples were determined in different compartments of the gastrointestinal system by using the ICRP compartmental model for radon. Annual committed equivalent doses due to radon were evaluated in the gastrointestinal compartments from the ingestion of the potable water samples studied. The influence of the target tissue mass, radon intake and alpha-activity integral due to radon on the annual committed equivalent doses in the gastrointestinal compartments was investigated.

  7. MApping the Most Massive Overdensities (MAMMOTH) II -- Discovery of an Extremely Massive Overdensity BOSS1441 at $z=2.32$

    CERN Document Server

    Cai, Zheng; Bian, Fuyan; Zabludoff, Ann; Yang, Yujin; Prochaska, J Xavier; McGreer, Ian; Zheng, Zhen-Ya; Kashikawa, Nobunari; Wang, Ran; Frye, Brenda; Green, Richard; Jiang, Linhua

    2016-01-01

    Cosmological simulations suggest a strong correlation between high optical-depth Ly$\\alpha$ absorbers, which arise from the intergalactic medium (IGM), and 3-D mass overdensities on scales of $10-30$ $h^{-1}$ comoving Mpc. By examining the absorption spectra of $\\sim$ 80,000 QSO sight-lines over a volume of 0.1 Gpc$^3$ in the Sloan Digital Sky Survey III (SDSS-III), we have identified an extreme overdensity, BOSS1441, which contains a rare group of strong Ly$\\alpha$ absorbers at $z=2.32\\pm 0.02$. This absorber group is associated with six QSOs at the same redshift on a 30 comoving Mpc scale. Using Mayall/MOSAIC narrowband and broadband imaging, we detect Ly$\\alpha$ emitters (LAEs) down to $0.7\\times L_{\\rm{Ly\\alpha}}^*$, and reveal a large-scale structure of Ly$\\alpha$ emitters (LAEs) in this field. Our follow-up Large Binocular Telescope (LBT) observations have spectroscopically confirmed 19 galaxies in the density peak. We show that BOSS1441 has an LAE overdensity of $10.8\\pm 2.6$ on a 15 comoving Mpc scale...

  8. 226Ra, 232Th and 40K ACTIVITY CONCENTRATIONS AND RADIOLOGICAL HAZARDS OF BUILDING MATERIALS IN MUGLA, TURKEY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ezgi Eren Belgin

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The activity concentrations of natural gamma-emitting radionuclides in commonly used building materials were measured by using high purity germanium (HPGe detector coupled with a high resolution multichannel analyser. The results associated radiation hazards due to  40K, 226Ra and 232Th have been determined in samples collected randomly from southwest part of Turkey. When the building materials such as clay brick, marble, cement etc. originating from soil and rocks are used in constructions they cause direct ionizing radiation exposure at varying intensities. Different criterion formulas as radium equivalent activity, the external/internal hazard indices, the alpha/gamma indexes and the absorbed dose rate in indoor air were determined to assess the radiation hazards arising due to the use of materials studied for people living in the construction of dwellings made of the these materials. Although indoor absorbed dose rate is relatively higher than the world population-weighted average value and international limit for studied brick and cement samples they could be used safely as building materials because radium equivalent activity, alpha/gamma indices and hazard indices of those materials have been found to be within the recommended limits. All the values for all criterion formulas for marble samples are found to be well below the safety limits recommended by UNSCEAR. It can be concluded that examined materials can be used for construction of buildings for interior and external works.

  9. Correction methodology for the spectral interfering {gamma}-rays overlapping to the analytical peaks used in the analysis of {sup 232}Th

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yuecel, H., E-mail: haluk.yucel@ankara.edu.t [Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Ankara University (Australia), Besevler Yerleskesi, Tandogan, 06100 Ankara (Turkey); Koese, E. [Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Ankara University (Australia), Besevler Yerleskesi, Tandogan, 06100 Ankara (Turkey); Esen, A.N. [Energy Institute, Istanbul Technical University (ITU), Maslak, 34469 Istanbul (Turkey); Bor, D. [Institute of Nuclear Sciences, Ankara University (Australia), Besevler Yerleskesi, Tandogan, 06100 Ankara (Turkey)

    2011-06-15

    In the {gamma}-ray spectrometric analysis of the radionuclides, a correction factor is generally required for the spectral interfering {gamma}-rays in determining the net areas of the analytical peaks because some interfering {gamma}-rays often might contribute to the analytical peaks of interest. In present study, a correction methodology for the spectral interfering {gamma}-rays (CSI) is described. In particular, in the analysis of {sup 232}Th contained in samples, the interfering {gamma}-rays due to {sup 226}Ra, {sup 235}U, {sup 238}U and their decay products often overlap to the peaks of interest from {sup 232}Th decay products, and vise versa. For the validation of the proposed CSI method, several certified reference materials (CRM) containing U and Th were measured by using a 76.5% efficient n-type Ge detector. The required correction factors were quantified for spectral interference, self-absorption and true coincidence summing (TCS) effects for the relevant {gamma}-rays. The measured results indicate that if one ignores the contributions of the interfering {gamma}-rays to the analytical peaks at 583.2 keV of {sup 208}Tl and 727.3 keV of {sup 212}Bi, this leads to a significantly systematic influence on the resulted activities of {sup 232}Th. The correction factors required for spectral interference and TCS effects are estimated to be {approx}13.6% and {approx}15.4% for 583.2 keV peak. For the 727.3 keV peak, the correction factor is estimated to be {approx}15% for spectral interference, and {approx}5% for the TCS effects at the presently used detection geometry. On the other hand, the measured results also indicate that ignoring the contribution of the interfering {gamma}-rays to the areas of the analytical peaks at 860.6 keV of {sup 208}Tl, 338.3 and 911.2 keV of {sup 228}Ac does not lead to any significant systematic influence on the {sup 232}Th analysis. Because these factors are remained generally less than {approx}5%, i.e., within overall uncertainty

  10. Observations of 1ES 1101-232 with H.E.S.S. and at lower frequencies: A hard spectrum blazar and constraints on the extragalactic background light

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pühlhofer, Gerd; Benbow, Wystan; Costamante, Luigi; Sol, Helene; Boisson, Catherine; Emmanoulopoulos, Dimitrios; Wagner, Stefan; Horns, Dieter; Giebels, Berrie

    VHE observations of the distant (z=0.186) blazar 1ES 1101-232 with H.E.S.S. are used to constrain the extragalactic background light (EBL) in the optical to near infrared band. As the EBL traces the galaxy formation history of the universe, galaxy evolution models can therefore be tested with the data. In order to measure the EBL absorption effect on a blazar spectrum, we assume that usual constraints on the hardness of the intrinsic blazar spectrum are not violated. We present an update of the VHE spectrum obtained with H.E.S.S. and the multifrequency data that were taken simultaneously with the H.E.S.S. measurements. The data verify that the broadband characteristics of 1ES 1101-232 are similar to those of other, more nearby blazars, and strengthen the assumptions that were used to derive the EBL upper limit.

  11. A beta-alpha coincidence counting system for measurement of trace quantities of 238U and 232Th in aqueous samples at the Sudbury Neutrino Observatory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dawson, M.; Doucas, G.; Fergani, H.; Jelley, N. A.; Majerus, S.; O'Keeffe, H. M.; Peeters, S. J. M.; Perry, C.

    2016-08-01

    The Sudbury Neutrino Observatory experiment was built to measure the total flux of 8B solar neutrinos via the neutral current disintegration deuterium nuclei. This process can be mimiced by daughter isotopes of 232Th and 238U which can photodisintegrate the deuterium nucleus. Measurement of the concentration of such radioisotopes in the heavy water was critical to the success of the experiment. A radium assay technique using Hydrous Titanium Oxide coated filters was developed for this purpose and it was used in conjunction with a delayed beta-alpha coincidence counting system. The design, calibration and operation of this counting system are described in this paper. The counting efficiency for 232Th (224Ra) and 238U (226Ra) were measured to be 50 ± 5% and 62 ± 7%

  12. Producción y costo de frutos y semillas entre modos de polinización en 232 especies de plantas tropicales

    OpenAIRE

    Ramírez, Nelson

    2015-01-01

    The levels of seeds sel and of aborted seeds, ovules and flowers-fruits were detennined in 232 Venezuelan plant species, andcompared with type of pollination. F1ower-fruit abortion was similar among pollination modes, but ovule abortion and seeds sel were significantly different among pollination Illodes. The lowest levels of aborted ovules and the highest levelsof seeds set occured in wind-, butterfly-, and beetle-pollination. The number of seeds per fruit was lower in wind-, butterfly-, and...

  13. 在DELPHI的环境下利用MSCOMM控件开发RS232串口通信软件

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王海涛; 张树仁

    2012-01-01

    论述了在DELPHI环境下,如何利用VB中的MSCOMM控件实现串口通信,对MSCOMM控件的使用方法进行了阐述,并介绍了它在数控机床中,利用RS232串口进行通信的应用。

  14. Rapid screening of natually occurring radioactive nuclides({sup 2}'3{sup 8}U, {sup 232}Th) in raw materials and by-products samples using XRF

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Ji Young; Lim, Chung Sup [Radiation Biotechnology and Applied Radioiostope Science, University of Science and Technology, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Lim, Jong Myoung; Ji, Young Yong; Chung, Kun Ho; Lee, Wan No; Kang, Mun Ja [Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of); Jang, Byung Uck [Korea Institute of Nuclear Safety, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-12-15

    As new legislation has come into force implementing radiation safety management for the use of naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM), it is necessary to establish a rapid and accurate measurement technique. Measurement of {sup 238}U and {sup 232}Th using conventional methods encounter the most significant difficulties for pretreatment (e.g., purification, speciation, and dilution/enrichment) or require time-consuming processes. Therefore, in this study, the applicability of ED-XRF as a non-destructive and rapid screening method was validated for raw materials and by-product samples. A series of experiments was conducted to test the applicability for rapid screening of XRF measurement to determine activity of {sup 238}U and {sup 23{sup 2}}Th based on certified reference materials (e.g., soil, rock, phosphorus rock, bauxite, zircon, and coal ash) and NORM samples commercially used in Korea. Statistical methods were used to compare the analytical results of ED-XRF to those of certified values of certified reference materials (CRM) and inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ICP-MS). Results of the XRF measurement for {sup 238}U and {sup 232}Th showed under 20% relative error and standard deviation. The results of the U-test were statistically significant except for the case of U in coal fly ash samples. In addition, analytical results of {sup 238}U and {sup 232}Th in the raw material and by-product samples using XRF and the analytical results of those using ICP-MS (R{sup 2}≥0.95) were consistent with each other. Thus, the analytical results rapidly derived using ED-XRF were fairly reliable. Based on the validation results, it can be concluded that the ED-XRF analysis may be applied to rapid screening of radioactivities ({sup 238}U and {sup 232}Th) in NORM samples.

  15. Isolation and lipid degradation profile of Raoultella planticola strain 232-2 capable of efficiently catabolizing edible oils under acidic conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sugimori, Daisuke; Watanabe, Mika; Utsue, Tomohiro

    2013-01-01

    The lipids (fats and oils) degradation capabilities of soil microorganisms were investigated for possible application in treatment of lipids-contaminated wastewater. We isolated a strain of the bacterium Raoultella planticola strain 232-2 that is capable of efficiently catabolizing lipids under acidic conditions such as in grease traps in restaurants and food processing plants. The strain 232-2 efficiently catabolized a mixture (mixed lipids) of commercial vegetable oil, lard, and beef tallow (1:1:1, w/w/w) at 20-35 °C, pH 3-9, and 1,000-5,000 ppm lipid content. Highly effective degradation rate was observed at 35 °C and pH 4.0, and the 24-h degradation rate was 62.5 ± 10.5 % for 3,000 ppm mixed lipids. The 24-h degradation rate for 3,000 ppm commercial vegetable oil, lard, beef tallow, mixed lipids, and oleic acid was 71.8 %, 58.7 %, 56.1 %, 55.3 ± 8.5 %, and 91.9 % at pH 4 and 30 °C, respectively. R. planticola NBRC14939 (type strain) was also able to efficiently catabolize the lipids after repeated subculturing. The composition of the culture medium strongly influenced the degradation efficiency, with yeast extract supporting more complete dissimilation than BactoPeptone or beef extract. The acid tolerance of strain 232-2 is proposed to result from neutralization of the culture medium by urease-mediated decomposition of urea to NH(3). The rate of lipids degradation increased with the rates of neutralization and cell growth. Efficient lipids degradation using strain 232-2 has been achieved in the batch treatment of a restaurant wastewater.

  16. Fission product yield distribution in the 12, 14, and 16 MeV bremsstrahlung-induced fission of {sup 232}Th

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Naik, H. [Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Radiochemistry Division, Mumbai (India); Kyungpook National University, Department of Physics and Center for High Energy Physics, Daegu (Korea, Republic of); Kim, G.N.; Kim, K. [Kyungpook National University, Department of Physics and Center for High Energy Physics, Daegu (Korea, Republic of); Schwengner, R.; John, R.; Massarczyk, R.; Junghans, A.; Wagner, A. [Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf, Dresden (Germany); Goswami, A. [Bhabha Atomic Research Centre, Radiochemistry Division, Mumbai (India)

    2015-11-15

    The absolute cumulative yields of various fission products in the 12, 14, and 16 MeV bremsstrahlung-induced fission of {sup 232}Th were determined using a recoil catcher and an off-line γ -ray spectrometric technique using the ELBE electron linac of Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf in Dresden, Germany. The mass chain yields were obtained from the absolute cumulative yields by correcting the charge distribution. The peak-to-valley ratio, average light mass (left angle A{sub L} right angle) and heavy mass (left angle A{sub H} right angle) values, and average number of neutrons (left angle n right angle {sub exp}) in the bremsstrahlung-induced fission of {sup 232}Th at different excitation energies were obtained from the mass chain yield data. The present study and existing literature data for the {sup 232}Th(γ, f) reaction are compared with similar data for the {sup 238}U(γ, f) reaction at various excitation energies, and surprisingly different behavior was found in the two fissioning systems. (orig.)

  17. Detection of VHE gamma-ray emission from the distant blazar 1ES 1101-232 with H.E.S.S. and broadband characterisation

    CERN Document Server

    Akhperjanian, A G; Beilicke, M; Benbow, W; Berge, D; Bernlöhr, K; Boisson, C; Bolz, O; Borrel, V; Braun, I; Brion, E; Brown, A M; Buhler, R; Büsching, I; Boutelier, T; Carrigan, S; Chadwick, P M; Chounet, L M; Coignet, G; Cornils, R; Costamante, L; Degrange, B; Dickinson, H J; Djannati-Atai, A; O'Connor-Drury, L; Dubus, G; Egberts, K; Emmanoulopoulos, D; Espigat, P; Farnier, C; Feinstein, F; Ferrero, E; Fiasson, A; Fontaine, G; Funk, Seb; Funk, S; Fussling, M; Gallant, Y A; Giebels, B; Glicenstein, J F; Glück, B; Goret, P; Hadjichristidis, C; Hauser, D; Hauser, M; Heinzelmann, G; Henri, G; Hermann, G; Hinton, J A; Hoffmann, A; Hofmann, W; Holleran, M; Hoppe, S; Horns, D; Jacholkowska, A; De Jager, O C; Kendziorra, E; Kerschhaggl, M; Khelifi, B; Komin, Nu; Kosack, K; Lamanna, G; Latham, I J; Le Gallou, R; Lemiere, A; Lemoine-Goumard, M; Lohse, T; Martin, J M; Martineau-Huynh, O; Marcowith, A; Masterson, C; Maurin, G; McComb, T J L; Moulin, E; De Naurois, Mathieu; Nedbal, D; Nolan, S J; Noutsos, A; Olive, J P; Orford, K J; Osborne, J L; Panter, M; Pelletier, G; Petrucci, P O; Pita, S; Pühlhofer, G; Punch, M; Ranchon, S; Raubenheimer, B C; Raue, M; Rayner, S M; Ripken, J; Rob, L; Rolland, L; Rosier-Lees, S; Rowell, G; Sahakian, V V; Santangelo, A; Sauge, L; Schlenker, S; Schlickeiser, R; Schroder, R; Schwanke, U; Schwarzburg, S; Schwemmer, S; Shalchi, A; Sol, H; Spangler, D; Spanier, F; Steenkamp, R; Stegmann, C; Superina, G; Tam, P H; Tavernet, J P; Terrier, R; Tluczykont, M; Van Eldik, C; Vasileiadis, G; Venter, C; Vialle, J P; Vincent, P; Völk, H J; Wagner, S J; Ward, M

    2007-01-01

    The blazar 1ES 1101-232 was observed with the High Energy Stereoscopic System (H.E.S.S.) of Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes (ACT) in 2004 and 2005, for a live time of 43 hours. VHE (E > 10^11 eV) gamma-rays were detected for the first time from this object. VHE observations of blazars are used to investigate the inner parts of the blazar jets, and also to study the extragalactic background light (EBL) in the near-infrared band. Observations in 2005 were conducted in a multiwavelength campaign, together with the RXTE satellite and optical observations. In 2004, simultaneous observations with XMM-Newton were obtained. 1ES 1101-232 was detected with H.E.S.S. with an excess of 722 photons, at a significance of 12 sigma. The measured VHE gamma-ray flux amounts to dN/dE = (5.63 +- 0.89) x 10^-13 (E/TeV)^-(2.94 +- 0.20) cm^-2 s^-1 TeV^-1, above a spectral energy threshold of 225 GeV. No significant variation of the VHE gamma-ray flux on any time scale was found. 1ES 1101-232 exhibits a very hard spectrum, and at a ...

  18. Assay methods for U-238, Th-232, and Pb-210 in lead and calibration of Bi-210 bremsstrahlung emission from lead

    CERN Document Server

    Orrell, John L; Arnquist, Isaac J; Eggemeyer, Tere A; Glasgow, Brian D; Hoppe, Eric W; Keillor, Martin E; Morley, Shannon M; Myers, Allan W; Overman, Cory T; Shaff, Sarah M; Thommasson, Kimbrelle S

    2015-01-01

    Assay methods for measuring 238U, 232Th, and 210Pb concentrations in refined lead are presented. The 238U and 232Th concentrations are determined using isotope dilution inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (ID-ICP-MS) after anion exchange column separation of dissolved lead samples. The 210Pb concentration is inferred through {\\alpha}-spectroscopy of a daughter isotope, 210Po, after chemical precipitation separation on dissolved lead samples. Subsequent to the 210Po {\\alpha}-spectroscopy assay, a method for evaluating 210Pb concentrations in solid lead samples was developed via measurement of bremsstrahlung radiation from \\b{eta}-decay of a daughter isotope, 210Bi, by employing a 14-crystal array of high purity germanium (HPGe) detectors. Ten sources of refined lead were assayed. The 238U concentrations were <34 microBq/kg and the 232Th concentrations ranged <0.6-15 microBq/kg, as determined by the ICP-MS assay method. The 210Pb concentrations ranged from ~0.1-75 Bq/kg, as inferred by the 210Po ...

  19. Determination of {sup 228}Th, {sup 232}Th, and{sup 228}Ra in wild mushroom from a naturally high radioactive region in Brazil

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rosa, Mychelle M.L.; Taddei, Maria Helena T.; Silva, Marco A.; Ferreira, Marcelo T., E-mail: mychelle@cnen.gov.b, E-mail: mhtaddei@cnen.gov.b, E-mail: masilva@cnen.gov.b, E-mail: ferreira@cnen.gov.b [Brazilian Nuclear Energy Commission (LAPOC/CNEN-MG), Pocos de Caldas, MG (Brazil). Lab. of Pocos de Caldas; Maihara, Vera A., E-mail: vmaihara@ipen.gov.b [Nuclear and Energy Research Institute (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    Mushrooms are fungi which efficiently accumulate radionuclides, as verified by radiochemistry analyses of specimens collected in contaminated areas, specifically after the Chernobyl nuclear accident. Many studies have demonstrated that mushrooms can be used in monitoring of ecosystem contamination and quality. The present paper is part of a broader study conducted in the Pocos de Caldas plateau region in Minas Gerais, Brazil, investigating assimilation of natural Uranium and Thorium radionuclide series by mushrooms. This region has elevated natural radioactivity due to the presence of radiological anomalies of volcanic origin. These anomalies are ore bodies containing Uranium and Thorium, the later being highly predominant. Many researchers have been conducted concerning radionuclide incorporation by agricultural products on the plateau. The present paper aims to determine {sup 232}Th, {sup 228}Th, and {sup 228}Ra radionuclides in wild mushrooms collected at different locations in the plateau region. {sup 228}Ra was determined by radiochemical separation using sulphate coprecipitation followed by beta radiometry. {sup 232}Th and {sup 228}Th were determined using anion exchange resin purification followed by alpha spectrometry. Higher values were obtained to {sup 228}Th than to {sup 232}Th. This is due to higher {sup 228}Ra mobility, which decays to {sup 228}Th. The accuracy of the analytical methods employed was evaluated using the reference sample IAEA Soil 327. These methods had high chemical recovery and high sensitivity. It was possible to confirm that mushrooms accumulate radionuclide and so can be used in environmental contamination and quality assessment. (author)

  20. Evaluation of Ra-226, Th-232 and K-40 activities concentrations and radium equivalent index in several Brazilian economic wall paints

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fonseca, Leandro M.; Pecequilo, Brigitte R.S., E-mail: lmfonseca@ipen.br, E-mail: brigitte@ipen.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2015-07-01

    The titanium dioxide used as the white pigment in paints is produced from the processing of ilmenite minerals. As monazite, the main ilmenite radioactive contaminant, contains 1 to 20% thorium dioxide and also some uranium traces, so, eventually, wall paints can contain radioactivity. Activity concentrations of the naturally occurring radionuclides {sup 226}Ra, {sup 232}Th and {sup 40}K were determined in 15 Brazilian economic wall paints samples, by high resolution gamma-ray spectrometry. The activities concentrations in the studied samples ranged from 1.3 ± 0.2 Bq/kg to 23.4 ± 0.7 Bq/kg for {sup 226}Ra; from 2.5 ± 0.4 Bq/kg to 45.8 ± 1.5 Bq/kg for {sup 232}Th and from 5.8 ± 2.1 Bq/kg to 157 ± 22 Bq/kg for {sup 40}K. The radium equivalent index, calculated from the {sup 226}Ra, {sup 232}Th and {sup 40}K concentrations, varied from 1.30 Bq/kg up to 95.9 Bq/kg, below the value of 370 Bq/kg recommended by OECD for a safety use in residential building applications. (author)

  1. A Hard X-Ray View of Two Distant VHE Blazars: 1ES 1101-232 and 1ES 1553+113

    CERN Document Server

    Reimer, A; Madejski, G; Reimer, O; Dorner, D

    2008-01-01

    TeV blazars are known as prominent nonthermal emitters across the entire electromagnetic spectrum with their photon power peaking in the X-ray and TeV bands. If distant, absorption of gamma-ray photons by the extragalactic background light (EBL) alters the intrinsic TeV spectral shape, thereby affecting the overall interpretation. Suzaku observations for two of the more distant TeV blazars known to date, 1ES 1101-232 and 1ES 1553+113, were carried out in 2006 May and July, respectively, including a quasi-simultaneous coverage with the state-of-the-art Cerenkov telescope facilities. We report on the resulting data sets with emphasis on the X-ray band and set in context to their historical behavior. During our campaign, we did not detect any significant X-ray or gamma-ray variability. 1ES 1101-232 was found in a quiescent state with the lowest X-ray flux ever measured. The combined XIS and HXD PIN data for 1ES 1101-232 and 1ES 1553+113 clearly indicate spectral curvature up to the highest hard X-ray data point ...

  2. Stenosis of central canal of spinal cord in man: incidence and pathological findings in 232 autopsy cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milhorat, T H; Kotzen, R M; Anzil, A P

    1994-04-01

    The central canal of the spinal cord is generally regarded as a vestigial structure that is obliterated after birth in 70% to 80% of the general population. This report describes the first detailed histological study of the human central canal in 232 subjects ranging in age from 6 weeks' gestation to 92 years. Whole spinal cords were harvested at autopsy and sectioned serially from the conus medullaris to the upper medulla. Histological findings and morphometric analysis of the cross-sectional luminal area were used to grade stenosis at seven levels of the canal. Varying grades of stenosis were present at one or more levels in none (0%) of 60 fetuses, one (3%) of 34 infants, three (18%) of 17 children, 21 (88%) of 24 adolescents and young adults, 67 (96%) of 70 middle-aged adults, and all 27 adults aged 65 years or older (100%). The stenotic process was most pronounced in the thoracic segments of the canal and involved more levels with higher grades of stenosis in older individuals. Histological findings consisted of disorganization of the ependymal epithelium, formation of ependymal rosettes or microcanals, proliferation of subependymal gliovascular buds, and intracanalicular gliosis. These features are consistent with a pathological lesion involving ependymal injury and scarring and are less compatible with an involutional or degenerative process. Stenosis of the central canal probably influences the anatomical features of syringomyelia and may account for variations in cavity formation such as the prevalence of holocord syrinxes in children, the formation of focal and paracentral syrinxes in adults, and the rare incidence of syrinx formation in many older individuals with acquired lesions known to produce syringomyelia.

  3. Delayed Fission Gamma-ray Characteristics of Th-232 U-233 U-235 U-238 and Pu-239

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lane, Taylor [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States); Parma, Edward J. [Sandia National Laboratories (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2015-08-01

    Delayed fission gamma-rays play an important role in determining the time dependent ioniz- ing dose for experiments in the central irradiation cavity of the Annular Core Research Reactor (ACRR). Delayed gamma-rays are produced from both fission product decay and from acti- vation of materials in the core, such as cladding and support structures. Knowing both the delayed gamma-ray emission rate and the time-dependent gamma-ray energy spectrum is nec- essary in order to properly determine the dose contributions from delayed fission gamma-rays. This information is especially important when attempting to deconvolute the time-dependent neutron, prompt gamma-ray, and delayed gamma-ray contribution to the response of a diamond photo-conducting diode (PCD) or fission chamber in time frames of milliseconds to seconds following a reactor pulse. This work focused on investigating delayed gamma-ray character- istics produced from fission products from thermal, fast, and high energy fission of Th-232, U-233, U-235, U-238, and Pu-239. This work uses a modified version of CINDER2008, a transmutation code developed at Los Alamos National Laboratory, to model time and energy dependent photon characteristics due to fission. This modified code adds the capability to track photon-induced transmutations, photo-fission, and the subsequent radiation caused by fission products due to photo-fission. The data is compared against previous work done with SNL- modified CINDER2008 [ 1 ] and experimental data [ 2 , 3 ] and other published literature, includ- ing ENDF/B-VII.1 [ 4 ]. The ability to produce a high-fidelity (7,428 group) energy-dependent photon fluence at various times post-fission can improve the delayed photon characterization for radiation effects tests at research reactors, as well as other applications.

  4. Synergy and antagonism of active constituents of ADAPT-232 on transcriptional level of metabolic regulation of isolated neuroglial cells.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander George Panossian

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Gene expression profiling was performed on the human neuroglial cell line T98G after treatment with adaptogen ADAPT-232 and its constituents – extracts of Eleutherococcus senticosus root, Schisandra chinensis berry, and Rhodiola rosea root as well as several constituents individually, namely, eleutheroside E, schizandrin B, salidroside, triandrin, and tyrosol. A common feature for all tested adaptogens was their effect on G-protein-coupled receptor (GPCR signaling pathways, i.e. cAMP, phospholipase C and phosphatidylinositol signal transduction pathways. Adaptogens may reduce the cAMP level in brain cells by downregulation of adenylate cyclase gene ADC2Y and upregulation of phosphodiestherase gene PDE4D that is essential for energy homeostasis as well as for switching from catabolic to anabolic states and vice versa. All tested adaptogens up-regulated the PLCB1 gene, which encodes phosphoinositide-specific phospholipase C (PLC and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks, key players for the regulation of NF-B-mediated defense responses. Other common targets of adaptogens included genes encoding ERα estrogen receptor(2.9-22.6 fold down-regulation, cholesterol ester transfer protein (5.1-10.6 fold down-regulation, heat shock protein Hsp70 (3.0-45.0 fold up-regulation, serpin peptidase inhibitor (neuroserpin, and 5-HT3 receptor of serotonin (2.2-6.6 fold down-regulation. These findings can be reconciled with the observed beneficial effects of adaptogens in behavioral, mental and aging-associated disorders. Combining two or more active substances in one mixture significantly changes deregulated genes profiles: synergetic interactions result in activation of genes that none of the individual substances affected, while antagonistic interactions result in suppression some genes activated by individual substances. Merging of deregulated genes array profiles and intracellular networks is specific to the new substance with unique pharmacological

  5. Comment: 232 [Taxonomy Icon

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 2.png Hideko Urushihara (University of Tsukuba) licensed under CC Attribution2.1 Japan 写真提供:漆原秀子 (筑波大学) Phot...ograph provided by Hideko Urushihara (University of Tsukuba) bando 2010/08/04 09:34:37 2010/08/04 09:45:33 ...

  6. Isolation of Actinium from Neutron-irradiated Thorium-I

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    Isolation of Actinium from Neutron-irradiated Thorium-I¥YangWeifan;YuanShuanggui;MuWantong;ZhangXueqian;LiZhongweiandZhaoLili...

  7. Activity concentration, transfer factors and resultant radiological risk of 226Ra, 232Th, and 40K in soil and some vegetables consumed in Selangor, Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solehah, A. R.; Yasir, M. S.; Samat, S. B.

    2016-11-01

    The activity concentrations of the natural radionuclides 226Ra, 232Th, and 40K were determined in vegetable crops consumed by Malaysian people in Sungai Besar, Selangor. Sample of vegetables and the soil where the crops were cultivated and collected at five different location. The activity concentrations in Bq/kg of 226Ra, 232Th, and 40K were measured by the gamma-ray spectroscopy using the high purity germanium detector. The range activity concentration in soil is between 51.81 and 71.84 Bq/kg, 64.18 and 78.00 Bq/kg, and 210.49 and 244.29 Bq/kg for 226Ra, 232Th, and 40K, respectively. The activity concentration of 226Ra, 232Th, and 40K in vegetables were found to be in the range of 2.06 to 5.44 Bq/kg, Not Detectable to 0.61 Bq/kg, and 101.00 to 1223.09 Bq/kg, respectively. The activity concentration in both soil and vegetables were all less than lower limit stated by UNSCEAR. The Transfer Factors range value for 226Ra, 232Th, and 40K varied from 0.02 to 0.06, 0.003 to 0.008, and 1.79 to 5.19 respectively. Radium equivalent for soil range from 165.57 to 194.84 Bq/kg. It was within the international accepted value (370 Bq/kg). Absorb dose rate for soil range between 73.5 to 86.40 nGyh-1, in safe range from limit of international accepted value (55nGyh-1). Effective dose rate is found to be in range of 0.09 to 0.11 mSvy-1 for soil which is less than 2.4 mSv/y. External and Internal Hazard indices of soil was all below 1, within agreement of other researcher and UNSCEAR. The estimation of the consequent radiological risk due to the presence of those radionuclides is significantly low.

  8. Physical and underway data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN232 in the Philippine Sea from 2009-04-02 to 2009-04-17 (NODC Accession 0104350)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — NODC Accession 0104350 includes physical and underway data collected aboard the THOMAS G. THOMPSON during cruise TN232 in the Philippine Sea from 2009-04-02 to...

  9. Genetic and comparative genomics mapping reveals that a powdery mildew resistance gene Ml3D232 originating from wild emmer co-segregates with an NBS-LRR analog in common wheat (Triticum aestivum L.).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Hongtao; Guan, Haiying; Li, Jingting; Zhu, Jie; Xie, Chaojie; Zhou, Yilin; Duan, Xiayu; Yang, Tsomin; Sun, Qixin; Liu, Zhiyong

    2010-11-01

    Powdery mildew caused by Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici is one of the most important wheat diseases worldwide and breeding for resistance using diversified disease resistance genes is the most promising approach to prevent outbreaks of powdery mildew. A powdery mildew resistance gene, originating from wild emmer wheat (Triticum turgidum var. dicoccoides) accessions collected from Israel, has been transferred into the hexaploid wheat line 3D232 through crossing and backcrossing. Inoculation results with 21 B. graminis f. sp. tritici races indicated that 3D232 is resistant to all of the powdery mildew isolates tested. Genetic analyses of 3D232 using an F(2) segregating population and F(3) families indicated that a single dominant gene, Ml3D232, confers resistance in the host seedling stage. By applying molecular markers and bulked segregant analysis (BSA), we have identified polymorphic simple sequence repeats (SSR), expressed sequence tags (EST) and derived sequence tagged site (STS) markers to determine that the Ml3D232 is located on chromosome 5BL bin 0.59-0.76. Comparative genetic analyses using mapped EST markers and genome sequences of rice and Brachypodium established co-linearity of the Ml3D232 genomic region with a 1.4 Mb genomic region on Brachypodium distachyon chromosome 4, and a 1.2 Mb contig located on the Oryza sativa chromosome 9. Our comparative approach enabled us to develop new EST-STS markers and to delimit the genomic region carrying Ml3D232 to a 0.8 cM segment that is collinear with a 558 kb region on B. distachyon. Eight EST markers, including an NBS-LRR analog, co-segregated with Ml3D232 to provide a target site for fine genetic mapping, chromosome landing and map-based cloning of the powdery mildew resistance gene. This newly developed common wheat germplasm provides broad-spectrum resistance to powdery mildew and a valuable resource for wheat breeding programs.

  10. Genome wide association and linkage analyses identified three loci-4q25, 17q23.2, and 10q11.21-associated with variation in leukocyte telomere length: the Long Life Family Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lee, J. H.; Cheng, R.; Honig, L. S.

    2014-01-01

    additional novel loci with HLOD scores exceeding three, including 4.77 for 17q23.2, and 4.36 for 10q11.21. These two loci harbor a number of novel candidate genes with SNPs, and our gene-wise association analysis identified multiple genes, including DCAF7, POLG2, CEP95, and SMURF2 at 17q23.2; and RASGEF1A...

  11. Synergy and Antagonism of Active Constituents of ADAPT-232 on Transcriptional Level of Metabolic Regulation of Isolated Neuroglial Cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panossian, Alexander; Hamm, Rebecca; Kadioglu, Onat; Wikman, Georg; Efferth, Thomas

    2013-01-01

    Gene expression profiling was performed on the human neuroglial cell line T98G after treatment with adaptogen ADAPT-232 and its constituents - extracts of Eleutherococcus senticosus root, Schisandra chinensis berry, and Rhodiola rosea root as well as several constituents individually, namely, eleutheroside E, schizandrin B, salidroside, triandrin, and tyrosol. A common feature for all tested adaptogens was their effect on G-protein-coupled receptor signaling pathways, i.e., cAMP, phospholipase C (PLC), and phosphatidylinositol signal transduction pathways. Adaptogens may reduce the cAMP level in brain cells by down-regulation of adenylate cyclase gene ADC2Y and up-regulation of phosphodiesterase gene PDE4D that is essential for energy homeostasis as well as for switching from catabolic to anabolic states and vice versa. Down-regulation of cAMP by adaptogens may decrease cAMP-dependent protein kinase A activity in various cells resulting in inhibition stress-induced catabolic transformations and saving of ATP for many ATP-dependant metabolic transformations. All tested adaptogens up-regulated the PLCB1 gene, which encodes phosphoinositide-specific PLC and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinases (PI3Ks), key players for the regulation of NF-κB-mediated defense responses. Other common targets of adaptogens included genes encoding ERα estrogen receptor (2.9-22.6 fold down-regulation), cholesterol ester transfer protein (5.1-10.6 fold down-regulation), heat shock protein Hsp70 (3.0-45.0 fold up-regulation), serpin peptidase inhibitor (neuroserpin), and 5-HT3 receptor of serotonin (2.2-6.6 fold down-regulation). These findings can be reconciled with the observed beneficial effects of adaptogens in behavioral, mental, and aging-associated disorders. Combining two or more active substances in one mixture significantly changes deregulated genes profiles: synergetic interactions result in activation of genes that none of the individual substances affected, while antagonistic

  12. A Hard X-Ray View of Two Distant VHE Blazars: 1ES 1101-232 and 1ES 1553+113

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reimer, A.; Costamante, L.; Madejski, G.; Reimer, O.; Dorner, D.

    2008-08-01

    TeV blazars are known as prominent nonthermal emitters across the entire electromagnetic spectrum with their photon power peaking in the X-ray and TeV bands. If distant, absorption of γ-ray photons by the extragalactic background light (EBL) alters the intrinsic TeV spectral shape, thereby affecting the overall interpretation. Suzaku observations for two of the more distant TeV blazars known to date, 1ES 1101-232 and 1ES 1553+113, were carried out in 2006 May and July, respectively, including a quasi-simultaneous coverage with the state-of-the-art Cerenkov telescope facilities. We report on the resulting data sets with emphasis on the X-ray band and set in context to their historical behavior. During our campaign, we did not detect any significant X-ray or γ-ray variability. 1ES 1101-232 was found in a quiescent state with the lowest X-ray flux ever measured. The combined XIS and HXD PIN data for 1ES 1101-232 and 1ES 1553+113 clearly indicate spectral curvature up to the highest hard X-ray data point (~30 keV), manifesting as softening with increasing energy. We describe this spectral shape by either a broken power law or a log-parabolic fit with equal statistical goodness of fits. The combined 1ES 1553+113 very high energy spectrum (90-500 GeV) did not show any significant changes with respect to earlier observations. The resulting contemporaneous broadband spectral energy distributions of both TeV blazars are discussed in view of implications for intrinsic blazar parameter values, taking into account the γ-ray absorption in the EBL.

  13. Detection of VHE gamma-ray emission from the distant blazar 1ES 1101-232 with HESS and broadband characterisation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aharonian, F.; Akhperjanian, A. G.; Bazer-Bachi, A. R.; Beilicke, M.; Benbow, W.; Berge, D.; Bernlöhr, K.; Boisson, C.; Bolz, O.; Borrel, V.; Braun, I.; Brion, E.; Brown, A. M.; Bühler, R.; Büsching, I.; Boutelier, T.; Carrigan, S.; Chadwick, P. M.; Chounet, L.-M.; Coignet, G.; Cornils, R.; Costamante, L.; Degrange, B.; Dickinson, H. J.; Djannati-Ataï, A.; O'C. Drury, L.; Dubus, G.; Egberts, K.; Emmanoulopoulos, D.; Espigat, P.; Farnier, C.; Feinstein, F.; Ferrero, E.; Fiasson, A.; Fontaine, G.; Funk, Seb.; Funk, S.; Füßling, M.; Gallant, Y. A.; Giebels, B.; Glicenstein, J. F.; Glück, B.; Goret, P.; Hadjichristidis, C.; Hauser, D.; Hauser, M.; Heinzelmann, G.; Henri, G.; Hermann, G.; Hinton, J. A.; Hoffmann, A.; Hofmann, W.; Holleran, M.; Hoppe, S.; Horns, D.; Jacholkowska, A.; de Jager, O. C.; Kendziorra, E.; Kerschhaggl, M.; Khélifi, B.; Komin, Nu.; Kosack, K.; Lamanna, G.; Latham, I. J.; Le Gallou, R.; Lemière, A.; Lemoine-Goumard, M.; Lohse, T.; Martin, J. M.; Martineau-Huynh, O.; Marcowith, A.; Masterson, C.; Maurin, G.; McComb, T. J. L.; Moulin, E.; de Naurois, M.; Nedbal, D.; Nolan, S. J.; Noutsos, A.; Olive, J.-P.; Orford, K. J.; Osborne, J. L.; Panter, M.; Pelletier, G.; Petrucci, P.-O.; Pita, S.; Pühlhofer, G.; Punch, M.; Ranchon, S.; Raubenheimer, B. C.; Raue, M.; Rayner, S. M.; Ripken, J.; Rob, L.; Rolland, L.; Rosier-Lees, S.; Rowell, G.; Sahakian, V.; Santangelo, A.; Saugé, L.; Schlenker, S.; Schlickeiser, R.; Schröder, R.; Schwanke, U.; Schwarzburg, S.; Schwemmer, S.; Shalchi, A.; Sol, H.; Spangler, D.; Spanier, F.; Steenkamp, R.; Stegmann, C.; Superina, G.; Tam, P. H.; Tavernet, J.-P.; Terrier, R.; Tluczykont, M.; van Eldik, C.; Vasileiadis, G.; Venter, C.; Vialle, J. P.; Vincent, P.; Völk, H. J.; Wagner, S. J.; Ward, M.

    2007-08-01

    Context: The blazar 1ES 1101-232 was observed with the High Energy Stereoscopic System (HESS) of Atmospheric Cherenkov Telescopes (ACT) in 2004 and 2005, for a live time of 43 h. VHE (E > 1011 eV) γ-rays were detected for the first time from this object. Aims: VHE observations of blazars are used to investigate the inner parts of the blazar jets, and also to study the extragalactic background light (EBL) in the near-infrared band. Methods: Observations in 2005 were conducted in a multiwavelength campaign, together with the RXTE satellite and optical observations. In 2004, simultaneous observations with XMM-Newton were obtained. Results: 1ES 1101-232 was detected with HESS with an excess of 649 photons, at a significance of 10σ. The measured VHE γ-ray flux amounts to dN/dE = (5.63 ± 0.89) × 10-13 (E/TeV)-(2.94±0.20) cm-2 s-1 TeV-1, above a spectral energy threshold of 225 GeV. No significant variation of the VHE γ-ray flux on any time scale was found. 1ES 1101-232 exhibits a very hard spectrum, and at a redshift of z = 0.186, is the blazar with the highest confirmed redshift detected in VHE γ-rays so far. Conclusions: The data allow the construction of truly simultaneous spectral energy distributions of the source, from the optical to the VHE band. Using an EBL model with ν Fν = 14 nWm-2 sr-1 at 1.5~μm as presented in Aharonian et al. (2006a) suggests an intrinsic VHE power output peak of the source at above 3 TeV.

  14. Studies of TBX4 and chromosome 17q23.1q23.2: an uncommon cause of nonsyndromic clubfoot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, W.; Bacino, C. A.; Richards, B.S.; Alvarez, C.; VanderMeer, J.E.; Vella, M.; Ahituv, N.; Sikka, N.; Dietz, F.R.; Blanton, S.H.; Hecht, J.T.

    2012-01-01

    Clubfoot is a common birth defect characterized by inward posturing and rigid downward displacement of one or both feet. The etiology of syndromic forms of clubfoot is varied and the causes of isolated clubfoot are not well understood. A microduplication of 2.2 Mb on chromosome 17q23.1q23.2 which includes T-box 4 (TBX4), a hindlimb-specific gene, and 16 other genes was recently identified in 3 of 66 families reported as nonsyndromic clubfoot, but additional non-foot malformations place them in the syndromic clubfoot category. Our study assesses whether variation in or around TBX4 contributes to nonsyndromic clubfoot. To determine whether this microduplication was a common cause of nonsyndromic clubfoot, 605 probands (from 148 multiplex and 457 simplex families) with nonsyndromic clubfoot were evaluated by copy number and oligonucleotide array CGH testing modalities. Only one multiplex family (0.68%) that had 16 with clubfoot and 9 with other foot anomalies, had a 350kb microduplication, which included the complete duplication of TBX4 and NACA2 and partial duplication of BRIP1. The microduplication was transmitted in an autosomal dominant pattern and all with the microduplication had a range of phenotypes from short wide feet and toes to bilateral clubfoot. Minimal evidence was found for an association between TBX4 and clubfoot and no pathogenic sequence variants were identified in the two known TBX4 hindlimb enhancer elements. Altogether, these results demonstrate that variation in and around the TBX4 gene and the 17q23.1q23.2 microduplication are not a frequent cause of this common orthopedic birth defect and narrows the 17q23.1q23.2 nonsyndromic clubfoot-associated region. PMID:22678995

  15. A Hard X-ray View on Two Distant VHE Blazars: 1ES 1101-232 and 1ES 1553+113

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reimer, A.; Costamente, L.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Madejski, G.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /SLAC; Reimer, O.; /Stanford U., HEPL /KIPAC, Menlo Park; Dorner, D.; /Wurzburg U.

    2008-05-02

    TeV-blazars are known as prominent non-thermal emitters across the entire electromagnetic spectrum with their photon power peaking in the X-ray and TeV-band. If distant, absorption of -ray photons by the extragalactic background light (EBL) alters the intrinsic TeV spectral shape, thereby affecting the overall interpretation. Suzaku observations for two of the more distant TeV-blazars known to date, 1ES 1101-232 and 1ES 1553+113, were carried out in May and July 2006, respectively, including a quasi-simultaneous coverage with the state of the art Cherenkov telescope facilities. We report on the resulting data sets with emphasis on the X-ray band, and set into context to their historical behavior. During our campaign, we did not detect any significant X-ray or {gamma}-ray variability. 1ES 1101-232 was found in a quiescent state with the lowest X-ray flux ever measured. The combined XIS and HXD PIN data for 1ES 1101-232 and 1ES 1553+113 clearly indicate spectral curvature up to the highest hard X-ray data point ({approx} 30 keV), manifesting as softening with increasing energy. We describe this spectral shape by either a broken power law or a log-parabolic fit with equal statistical goodness of fits. The combined 1ES 1553+113 very high energy spectrum (90-500 GeV) did not show any significant changes with respect to earlier observations. The resulting contemporaneous broadband spectral energy distributions of both TeV-blazars are discussed in view of implications for intrinsic blazar parameter values, taking into account the {gamma}-ray absorption in the EBL.

  16. Observation of a Narrow Meson Decaying to Ds+pi0 at a Mass of 2.32 GeV/c^2

    CERN Document Server

    Aubert, Bernard; Boutigny, D; Gaillard, J M; Hicheur, A; Karyotakis, Yu; Lees, J P; Robbe, P; Tisserand, V; Zghiche, A; Palano, A; Pompili, A; Chen, J C; Qi, N D; Rong, G; Wang, P; Zhu, Y S; Eigen, G; Ofte, I; Stugu, B; Abrams, G S; Borgland, A W; Breon, A B; Brown, D N; Button-Shafer, J; Cahn, R N; Charles, E; Day, C T; Gill, M S; Gritsan, A V; Groysman, Y; Jacobsen, R G; Kadel, R W; Kadyk, J; Kerth, L T; Kolomensky, Yu G; Kral, J F; Kukartsev, G; Le Clerc, C; Levi, M E; Lynch, G; Mir, L M; Oddone, P J; Orimoto, T J; Pripstein, M; Roe, N A; Romosan, A; Ronan, Michael T; Shelkov, V G; Telnov, A V; Wenzel, W A; Ford, K; Harrison, T J; Hawkes, C M; Knowles, D J; Morgan, S E; Penny, R C; Watson, A T; Watson, N K; Deppermann, T; Goetzen, K; Koch, H; Lewandowski, B; Pelizaeus, M; Peters, K; Schmücker, H; Steinke, M; Barlow, N R; Boyd, J T; Chevalier, N; Cottingham, W N; Kelly, M P; Latham, T E; MacKay, C; Wilson, F F; Abe, K; Çuhadar-Dönszelmann, T; Hearty, C; Mattison, T S; McKenna, J A; Thiessen, D; Kyberd, P; McKemey, A K; Blinov, V E; Bukin, A D; Golubev, V B; Ivanchenko, V N; Kravchenko, E A; Onuchin, A P; Serednyakov, S I; Skovpen, Yu I; Solodov, E P; Yushkov, A N; Best, D; Chao, M; Kirkby, D; Lankford, A J; Mandelkern, M A; McMahon, S; Mommsen, R K; Röthel, W; Stoker, D P; Buchanan, C; Del, D; Re, M; Hadavand, H K; Hill, E J; MacFarlane, D B; Paar, H P; Rahatlou, S; Schwanke, U; Sharma, V; Berryhill, J W; Campagnari, C; Dahmes, B; Kuznetsova, N; Levy, S L; Long, O; Lu, A; Mazur, M A; Richman, J D; Verkerke, W; Beck, T W; Beringer, J; Eisner, A M; Heusch, C A; Lockman, W S; Schalk, T; Schmitz, R E; Schumm, B A; Seiden, A; Turri, M; Walkowiak, W; Williams, D C; Wilson, M G; Albert, J; Chen, E; Dubois-Felsmann, G P; Dvoretskii, A; Hitlin, D G; Narsky, I; Porter, F C; Ryd, A; Samuel, A; Yang, S; Jayatilleke, S M; Mancinelli, G; Meadows, B T; Sokoloff, M D; Abe, T; Barillari, T; Blanc, F; Bloom, P; Clark, P J; Ford, W T; Nauenberg, U; Olivas, A; Rankin, P; Roy, J; Smith, J G; Van Hoek, W C; Zhang, L; Harton, J L; Hu, T; Soffer, A; Toki, W H; Wilson, R J; Zhang, J; Altenburg, D; Brandt, T; Brose, J; Colberg, T; Dickopp, M; Dubitzky, R S; Hauke, A; Lacker, H M; Maly, E; Müller-Pfefferkorn, R; Nogowski, R; Otto, S; Schubert, Klaus R; Schwierz, R; Spaan, B; Wilden, L; Bernard, D; Bonneaud, G R; Brochard, F; Cohen-Tanugi, J; Thiebaux, C; Vasileiadis, G; Verderi, M; Khan, A; Lavin, D; Muheim, F; Playfer, S; Swain, J E; Tinslay, J; Andreotti, M; Bettoni, D; Bozzi, C; Calabrese, R; Cibinetto, G; Luppi, E; Negrini, M; Piemontese, L; Sarti, A; Treadwell, E; Anulli, F; Baldini-Ferroli, R; Calcaterra, A; De Sangro, R; Falciai, D; Finocchiaro, G; Patteri, P; Peruzzi, I M; Piccolo, M; Zallo, A; Buzzo, A; Contri, R; Crosetti, G; Lo Vetere, M; Macri, M; Monge, M R; Passaggio, S; Pastore, F C; Patrignani, C; Robutti, E; Santroni, A; Tosi, S; Bailey, S; Morii, M; Aspinwall, M L; Bhimji, W; Bowerman, D A; Dauncey, P D; Egede, U; Eschrich, I; Morton, G W; Nash, J A; Sanders, P; Taylor, G P; Grenier, G J; Lee, S J; Mallik, U; Cochran, J; Crawley, H B; Lamsa, J; Meyer, W T; Prell, S; Rosenberg, E I; Yi, J; Davier, M; Grosdidier, G; Höcker, A; Laplace, S; Le Diberder, F R; Lepeltier, V; Lutz, A M; Petersen, T C; Plaszczynski, S; Schune, M H; Tantot, L; Wormser, G; Brigljevic, V; Cheng, C H; Lange, D J; Wright, D M; Bevan, A J; Coleman, J P; Fry, J R; Gabathuler, Erwin; Gamet, R; Kay, M; Parry, R J; Payne, D J; Sloane, R J; Touramanis, C; Back, J J; Harrison, P F; Shorthouse, H W; Strother, P; Vidal, P B; Brown, C L; Cowan, G; Flack, R L; Flächer, H U; George, S; Green, M G; Kurup, A; Marker, C E; McMahon, T R; Ricciardi, S; Salvatore, F; Vaitsas, G; Winter, M A; Brown, D; Davis, C L; Allison, J; Barlow, R J; Forti, A C; Hart, P A; Jackson, F; Lafferty, G D; Lyon, A J; Weatherall, J H; Williams, J C; Farbin, A; Jawahery, A; Kovalskyi, D; Lae, C K; Lillard, V; Roberts, D A; Blaylock, G; Dallapiccola, C; Flood, K T; Hertzbach, S S; Kofler, R; Koptchev, V B; Moore, T B; Saremi, S; Stängle, H; Willocq, S; Cowan, R; Sciolla, G; Taylor, F; Yamamoto, R K; Mangeol, D J J; Milek, M; Patel, P M; Lazzaro, A; Palombo, F; Bauer, J M; Cremaldi, L M; Eschenburg, V; Godang, R; Kroeger, R; Reidy, J; Sanders, D A; Summers, D J; Zhao, H W; Hast, C; Taras, P; Nicholson, H; Cartaro, C; Cavallo, N; De Nardo, Gallieno; Fabozzi, F; Gatto, C; Lista, L; Paolucci, P; Piccolo, D; Sciacca, C; Baak, M A; Raven, G; LoSecco, J M; Gabriel, T A; Brau, B; Pulliam, T; Brau, J E; Frey, R; Potter, C T; Sinev, N B; Strom, D; Torrence, E; Colecchia, F; Dorigo, A; Galeazzi, F; Margoni, M; Morandin, M; Posocco, M; Rotondo, M; Simonetto, F; Stroili, R; Tiozzo, G; Voci, C; Benayoun, M; Briand, H; Chauveau, J; David, P; La Vaissière, C de; Del Buono, L; Hamon, O; John, M J J; Leruste, P; Ocariz, J; Pivk, M; Roos, L; Stark, J; T'Jampens, S; Manfredi, P F; Re, V; Gladney, L; Guo, Q H; Panetta, J; Angelini, C; Batignani, G; Bettarini, S; Bondioli, M; Bucci, F; Calderini, G; Carpinelli, M; Forti, F; Giorgi, M A; Lusiani, A; Marchiori, G; Martínez-Vidal, F; Morganti, M; Neri, N; Paoloni, E; Rama, M; Rizzo, G; Sandrelli, F; Walsh, J; Haire, M; Judd, D; Paick, K; Wagoner, D E; Danielson, N; Elmer, P; Lü, C; Miftakov, V; Olsen, J; Smith, A J S; Varnes, E W; Bellini, F; Cavoto, G; Faccini, R; Ferrarotto, F; Ferroni, F; Gaspero, M; Mazzoni, M A; Morganti, S; Pierini, M; Piredda, G; Safai-Tehrani, F; Voena, C; Christ, S; Wagner, G; Waldi, R; Adye, T; De Groot, N; Franek, B J; Geddes, N I; Gopal, G P; Olaiya, E O; Xella, S M; Aleksan, Roy; Emery, S; Gaidot, A; Ganzhur, S F; Giraud, P F; Hamel de Monchenault, G; Monchenault; Kozanecki, Witold; Langer, M; London, G W; Mayer, B; Schott, G; Vasseur, G; Yéche, C; Zito, M; Purohit, M V; Weidemann, A W; Yumiceva, F X; Aston, D; Bartelt, J; Bartoldus, R; Berger, N; Boyarski, A M; Buchmüller, O L; Convery, M R; Coupal, D P; Dong, D; Dorfan, J; Dujmic, D; Dunwoodie, W M; Field, R C; Glanzman, T; Gowdy, S J; Graugès-Pous, E; Hadig, T; Halyo, V; Hrynóva, T; Innes, W R; Jessop, C P; Kelsey, M H; Kim, P; Kocian, M L; Langenegger, U; Leith, D W G S; Luitz, S; Lüth, V; Lynch, H L; Marsiske, H; Menke, S; Messner, R; Müller, D R; O'Grady, C P; Ozcan, V E; Perazzo, A; Perl, M; Petrak, S; Ratcliff, B N; Robertson, S H; Roodman, A; Salnikov, A A; Schindler, R H; Schwiening, J; Simi, G; Snyder, A; Soha, A; Stelzer, J; Su, D; Sullivan, M K; Tanaka, H A; Vavra, J; Wagner, S R; Weaver, M; Weinstein, A J R; Wisniewski, W J; Wright, D H; Young, C C; Burchat, Patricia R; Edwards, A J; Meyer, T I; Roat, C; Ahmed, S; Alam, M S; Ernst, J A; Saleem, M; Wappler, F R; Bugg, W; Krishnamurthy, M; Spanier, S M; Eckmann, R; Kim, H; Ritchie, J L; Schwitters, R F; Izen, J M; Kitayama, I; Lou, X C; Ye, S; Bianchi, F; Bóna, M; Gallo, F; Gamba, D; Borean, C; Bosisio, L; Della Ricca, G; Dittongo, S; Grancagnolo, S; Lanceri, L; Poropat, P; Vitale, L; Vuagnin, G; Panvini, R S; Banerjee, Sw; Brown, C M; Fortin, D; Jackson, P D; Kowalewski, R V; Roney, J M; Band, H R; Dasu, S; Datta, M; Eichenbaum, A M; Hu, H; Johnson, J R; Kutter, P E; Li, H; Liu, R; Di Lodovico, F; Mihályi, A; Mohapatra, A K; Pan, Y; Prepost, R; Sekula, S J; Von Wimmersperg-Töller, J H; Wu, J; Wu Sau Lan; Yu, Z; Neal, H

    2003-01-01

    We have observed a narrow state near 2.32 GeV/c^2 in the inclusive Ds+ pi0 invariant mass distributionfrom e+e- annihilation data at energies near 10.6 GeV. The observed width is consistent with the experimental resolution. The small intrinsic width and the quantum numbers of the final state indicate that the decay violates isospin conservation. The state has natural spin-parity and the low mass suggests a JP=0+ assignment. The data sample corresponds to an integrated luminosity of 91 fb-1 recorded by the BABAR detector at the PEP2 asymmetric-energy e+e- storage ring.

  17. Cost-based optimizations of power density and target-blanket modularity for {sup 232}Th/{sup 233}U-based ADEP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krakowski, R.A.

    1995-07-01

    A cost-based parametric systems model is developed for an Accelerator-Driven Energy Production (ADEP) system based on a {sup 232}Th/{sup 233}U fuel cycle and a molten-salt (LiF/BeF{sub 2}/ThF{sub 3}) fluid-fuel primary system. Simplified neutron-balance, accelerator, reactor-core, chemical-processing, and balance-of-plant models are combined parametrically with a simplified costing model. The main focus of this model is to examine trade offs related to fission power density, reactor-core modularity, {sup 233}U breeding rate, and fission product transmutation capacity.

  18. Analysis of 226Ra, 232Th 40К and 137Cs in samples of soil from some areas of Republic of Macedonia by using gamma spectrometry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Todorovik Aleksandra

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Taking into consideration the importance of the distribution and transfer of radio nuclides in soil, an attempt was made in this work to determine the concentration of 226Ra, 232Th 40К and 137Cs in the same. The concentrations of activity in the gamma-absorbed dose rates of the terrestrial naturally occurring radio nuclides, as follows, 226Ra, 232Th and 40K were determined in samples of soil collected from some parts of Republic of Macedonia, i.e. from three major cities in the Republic of Macedonia. The samples are taken by means of a special dosage dispenser which enables sampling of samples at a depth of 0-5 cm, 5-10cm and 10-15cm, thus disabling the sampling above these layers of soil. An identification of radio nuclides and assessment of their activity has been performed by applying gamma spectrometry. The time of counting for each sample was 65000 s. in order to obtain statistically small mistake. The spectrums were analyzed by a commercially available software GENIE-2000 received from Canberra, Austria. The activity of soil had wide range of values: 20.3 to 82.9 Bq kg-1for 226Ra, 16.1 to 82.5 Bq kg-1 for 232Th, 325 to 799.0 Bq kg-1for 40К and 9.1 to 24.3 Bq kg-1for 137Cs, respectively. The concentrations of these radio nuclides have been compared with the available data from the other countries. Natural environmental radioactivity and the associated external exposure due to gamma radiation depend primarily on the geological and geographical conditions. Namely, the specific levels of terrestrial environmental radiation are related to the type of rocks from which the soils originate. The obtained data indicate that the average value of activity of 232Th is about higher than the one of 226Ra The concentration of activity of 40К in the soil has greater value than 32Th and 226Ra in all soils. The causes for the existence of 137Cs in these soils are the nuclear explosions, waste radioactive materials and other incidents. It reaches the

  19. Variante de la carretera N-232 a su paso por Morella (provincia de Castellón). Presupuesto y Plan de obra

    OpenAIRE

    JIMÉNEZ BAYO, PABLO

    2014-01-01

    [EN] The object of this work is the realization of the budget and work plan of the project of the N-232 variant passing by Morella. Regarding the work plan, the duration of the works, based on the yields used, is about 24 months. A Gantt chart with the main activities of the works, taking into account the chronological order of the activities is herewith attached. In addition it is also included a document with the temporary diverts to be made during the execution of the works, and the cor...

  20. Determination of environmental radioactivity (238U, 232Th and 40K) and indoor natural background radiation level in Chennai city (Tamilnadu State), India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Babai, K S; Poongothai, S; Punniyakotti, J

    2013-01-01

    An extensive study on the determination of the natural radioactivity ((238)U, (232)Th and (40)K) levels in soil samples of Chennai city, India has been undertaken and the results of the same are compared with the levels reported in other Indian cities as well as other parts of the world. The radioactivity content in the soil samples, the absorbed dose rate, annual effective dose equivalent, radium equivalent activity, internal and external hazard indices were calculated and compared with UNSCEAR 2000 recommended values. In addition to the above, mapping of indoor natural background gamma radiation levels has been made using thermo luminescent dosemeters throughout Chennai city and the same are reported.

  1. 238U and 232Th series nuclides in groundwater from the J-13 well at the Nevada Test Site: Implications for ion retardation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Copenhaver, Sally A.; Krishnaswami, S.; Turekian, Karl K.; Shaw, Henry

    1992-07-01

    The activities of members of the 238U and 232Th decay chains have been determined in water from well J-13 at the Nevada Test Site near Yucca Mountain. Using 222Rn as a measure of recoil flux, adsorption (k1) and desorption (k2) rate constants for Ra and Pb have been determined. The ratio (k1/k2), defined as the dimensionless distribution coefficient, K, is 1.3 × 104 for Ra and 2.7 × 104 for Pb and is estimated to be about 104 for Th.

  2. Comparison of the (p,xn) cross sections from /sup 238/U, /sup 235/U, and /sup 232/Th targets irradiated with 200-MeV protons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chu, Y.Y.; Zhou, M.L.

    1982-01-01

    We have measured absolute cross sections for (p,xn) reactions (x ranges from 0 to 8) from /sup 238/U, /sup 235/U, and /sup 232/Th targets irradiated with 200-MeV protons at the Brookhaven AGS Linac injector. Chemical yields were determined by using /sup 239/Np and /sup 233/Pa as tracers. Yield patterns obtained in this work can be compared to the experimental results and theoretical calculations from earlier work, and they are consistent within the framework of intranuclear cascade followed by neutron evaporation and fission competition.

  3. A type of RS232 serial port and RJ45 Ethernet Interface Converter Design and realization%一种RS232串口与RJ45以太网接口转换器的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈传虎

    2007-01-01

    本文提出了一种RS232串口与RJ45以太网接口转换器的设计方案,给出了转换器的总体结构和硬件电路以及工作过程和程序流程,该转换器成功应用于风机监测系统的改造项目.

  4. Methods for the determination of 234U/230 U, 230Th/232 Th and 228Ra/226Ra in uranium ores by TIMS%TIMS测定铀矿石样品中234U/238U、230Th/232Th、228Ra/226Ra的方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱明燕; 郭冬发; 崔建勇; 刘宇昂; 谭靖; 张彦辉

    2009-01-01

    研究了TIMS测定铀矿石样品中234 U/238 U、230 Th/232 Th、228 Ra/226 Ra的方法.建立了铀矿石密闭混酸一次溶样的方法和采用阴离子、阳离子和Sr特效树脂逐级离子交换分离纯化U、Th和Ra的流程,满足了TIMS测量要求.测定结果表明:100~1000 ng的天然铀中234U/238U,其测量精密度从静态多接收的2.34%提高到动态多接收的0.47%;对230Th与232Th丰度接近、质量为1 μg左右的钍,采用三带点样技术和法拉第多接收技术测定230Th/232Th,其内精度平均值为0.0048%,外精度为0.028%;采用单带加钽发射剂,ETP跳峰测定50~100 fg镭-228稀释剂中的228Ra/226Ra,其内精度小于0.10%,外精度小于0.20%.比较TIMS和HR-ICP-MS、α能谱法测定234U/238U、230Th/232Th、228Ra/226Ra结果,三者结果相吻合.TIMS测量法样品用量少、快速、准确、精密度高,是U,Th、Ra同位素比值测定方法的又一补充.

  5. Measurement of the {sup 232}Th neutron capture cross section in the region 5 keV-150 keV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lobo, Georges; Corvi, Franco; Schillebeeckx, Peter; Brusegan, Antonio; Mutti, Paolo [EC-JRC-Institute for Reference Materials and Measurements, Geel (Belgium); Janeva, Natalia [Inst. for Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy, Bulgarian Academy of Science, Sofia (Belgium)

    2002-08-01

    The average capture cross-section of {sup 232}Th has been measured at the 14.37 m flight path of GELINA, IRMM-Geel, in the energy range from 5 to 150 keV. The capture events were detected by two C{sub 6}D{sub 6} liquid scintillators and the neutron flux was measured with a {sup 10}B-loaded ionisation chamber. The data, corrected with the pulse-height weighting technique, have been normalised to the well-isolated and nearly saturated {sup 232}Th (n, {gamma}) resonances at 21.8 eV and 23.5 eV. Below 15 keV neutron energy, we do not observe the discrepancies, up to 40%, with the evaluated ENDF/B-VI data as reported by Wisshak et al.. Between 5 and 80 keV our results are about 10% systematically above the ENDF/B-VI data and approach the evaluated data between 80 and 100 keV. (author)

  6. Assessment of (226)Ra, (238)U, (232)Th, (137)Cs and (40)K activities from the northern coastline of Oman Sea (water and sediments).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darabi-Golestan, F; Hezarkhani, A; Zare, M R

    2017-02-27

    Water and sediment samples were collected from northern coast of Oman Sea covering from Goatr to Hormoz canyon seaport. Water and sediment quality assessment for naturally or anthropogenic radionuclides at Oman Sea as a main strategic golf for trade and transit, is an important issue. Correspondence analysis (CA) by R-mode analysis represents that sigma(T)-temperature-conductivity-O2 parameters are well-correlated with (226)Ra, (232)Th and (40)K. Accordingly Q-mode analysis revealed an indicator samples of ST13W for different radionuclides, ST03W for O2, and simultaneously ST34W-ST21W-ST08W-ST04W for sigma(T) parameters. The CA results overlapped with factor and cluster analysis results that explained 85.8% of total variance of water samples. Descriptive analysis of sediments indicates more significant variation than water samples. The (232)Th and (226)Ra generally showing that ST13D to ST25D sediments that restricted to Pi Bashk coastline are concentrated from (137)Cs and (40)K. By comparison with reference-values from Iran and other parts of the world, they are acceptable with respect to environmental and radioisotope hazards.

  7. Fission Cross-Section Measurements of the Odd-Odd Isotopes 232Pa, 238Np, and 236Np

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Danon, Y. [Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute; Moore, M. S. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Koehler, Paul Edward [ORNL; Littleton, P. E. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Miller, G. G. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Ott, M. A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Rowton, L. J. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Taylor, W. A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Wilhelmy, J. B. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Yates, M. A. [Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL); Carlson, A. D. [National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST); Hill, Nathaniel [ORNL; Harper, R. [EG& G Energy Measurements, Los Alamos, NM; Hilko, R. [EG& G Energy Measurements, Los Alamos, NM

    1996-01-01

    Transmutation of actinide waste into fission products could be enhanced by using resonance fission of odd-odd target materials; those of interest are 232Pa, 238Np, and 242Am. Fission cross-section measurements of two of these short-lived materials were performed at Los Alamos National Laboratory. Samples were produced by the (d,2n) reaction in the Los Alamos Ion Beam Facility followed by fast radiochemistry to separate the odd-odd target of interest. The fission cross section of the nanogram samples was measured in a high intensity pulsed neutron beam produced by 800-MeV proton spallation. Using this procedure, the fission cross sections of the 1.3-day 232Pa and 2.1-day 238Np were successfully measured in the energy range from 0.01 eV to 50 keV. The fission cross section of the relatively long-life isotope 236Np was also measured in the same system while the short half-life isotopes were being prepared. The results and resonance analysis are presented.

  8. Replacement of glycine 232 by aspartic acid in the KdpA subunit broadens the ion specificity of the K(+)-translocating KdpFABC complex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schrader, M; Fendler, K; Bamberg, E; Gassel, M; Epstein, W; Altendorf, K; Dröse, S

    2000-01-01

    Replacement of glycine residue 232 with aspartate in the KdpA subunit of the K(+)-translocating KdpFABC complex of Escherichia coli leads to a transport complex that has reduced affinity for K(+) and has lost the ability to discriminate Rb(+) ions (, J. Biol. Chem. 270:6678-6685). This glycine residue is the first in a highly conserved GGG motif that was aligned with the GYG sequence of the selectivity filter (P- or H5-loop) of K(+) channels (, Nature. 371:119-122). Investigations with the purified and reconstituted KdpFABC complex using the potential sensitive fluorescent dye DiSC(3)(5) and the "caged-ATP/planar bilayer method" confirm the altered ion specificity observed in uptake measurements with whole cells. In the absence of cations a transient current was observed in the planar bilayer measurements, a phenomenon that was previously observed with the wild-type enzyme and with another kdpA mutant (A:Q116R) and most likely represents the movement of a protein-fixed charge during a conformational transition. After addition of K(+) or Rb(+), a stationary current could be observed, representing the continuous pumping activity of the KdpFABC complex. In addition, DiSC(3)(5) and planar bilayer measurements indicate that the A:G232D Kdp-ATPase also transports Na(+), Li(+), and H(+) with a reduced rate. Similarities to mutations in the GYG motif of K(+) channels are discussed. PMID:10920013

  9. Determination of (238)U, (232)Th and (40)K activity concentrations in riverbank soil along the Chao Phraya river basin in Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santawamaitre, T; Malain, D; Al-Sulaiti, H A; Bradley, D A; Matthews, M C; Regan, P H

    2014-12-01

    The activity concentrations of (238)U, (232)Th and (40)K in riverbank soil along the Chao Phraya river basin was determined through gamma-ray spectrometry measurements made using a hyper-pure germanium detector in a low background configuration. The ranges of activity concentrations of (238)U, (232)Th and (40)K were found to be 13.9 ↔ 76.8, 12.9 ↔ 142.9 and 178.4 ↔ 810.7 Bq kg(-1), respectively. The anthropogenic radionuclide, (137)Cs, was not observed in statistically significant amounts above the background level in the current study. The absorbed gamma dose rate in air at 1 m above the ground surface, the outdoor annual effective dose equivalent, the values of the radium equivalent activity and the external hazard index associated with all the soil samples in the present work were evaluated. The results indicate that the radiation hazard from primordial radionuclides in all soil samples from the area studied in this current work is not significant.

  10. Measurement of fission cross-section for the {sup 232}Th(n,f){sup 141}Ba reaction induced by neutrons around 14 MeV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lan, Chang-Lin; Fang, Kai-Hong [Lanzhou University, School of Nuclear Science and Technology, Lanzhou, Gansu Province (China); Lanzhou University, Engineering Research Center for Neutron Application, Ministry of Education, Lanzhou, Gansu Province (China); Liu, Shuang-Tong; Lv, Tao; Wang, Qiang; Zhang, Zheng-Wei [Lanzhou University, School of Nuclear Science and Technology, Lanzhou, Gansu Province (China); Lai, Cai-Feng [Chinese Academy of Engineering Physics, Institute of Nuclear Physics and Chemistry, Mianyang, Sichuan Province (China)

    2016-11-15

    The fission cross-section of the {sup 232}Th(n,f){sup 141}Ba reaction induced by neutrons around 14 MeV was measured precisely with the neutron activation and off-line gamma-ray spectrometric technique. Neutron fluence was monitored on-line using the accompanying α-particles from the {sup 3}H({sup 2}H,n){sup 4}He reaction, whereas the neutron energies were measured by the method of cross-section ratios of {sup 90}Zr(n,2n){sup 89}Zr to {sup 93}Nb(n,2n){sup 92m}Nb reactions. The experimentally determined {sup 232}Th(n,f){sup 141}Ba reaction cross-sections were 12.2 ± 0.4 mb at E{sub n} = 14.1 ± 0.3 MeV, 13.0 ± 0.5 mb at E{sub n} = 14.5 ± 0.3 MeV and 13.3 ± 0.5 mb at E{sub n} = 14.7 ± 0.3 MeV, respectively. (orig.)

  11. Protection level of AI H5N1 vaccine clade 2.1.3 commercial against AI H5N1 clade 2.3.2 virus from Ducks to SPF chicken in laboratory conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Indriani R

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza (HPAI subtype H5N1 clade 2.3.2 has infected chickens in farms, causing mortality and a decrease in egg production. Vaccination is one of the strategies to control disease of AI subtype H5N1. AI H5N1 clade 2.1.3 vaccine is available commercially. The effectiveness of two vaccines of AI H5N1 clade 2.1.3 (product A and B, and AI H5N1 clade 2.3.2 (Sukoharjo against AI H5N1 clade 2.3.2 (Sukoharjo virus SPF chickens was tested in laboratory. Four groups of SPF chickens were used in this study, there were (1 vaccinated with H5N1 clade 2.1.3 (product A, (2 vaccinated with H5N1 clade 2.1.3 (product B, (3 vaccinated with AI H5N1 clade 2.3.2 and (4 unvaccinated (as a control. Each vaccinated group consisted of 10 chicken except 8 chicken for control group. SPF chicken were vaccinated with 1 dose of vaccine at 3 weeks olds, and then after 3 weeks post vaccination (at 6 weeks olds. All group of chicken were challenged with 106 EID50 per 0.1 ml via intranasal. The results showed, chicken vaccinated with H5N1 clade 2.1.3 product A and B gave 100 and 80% protection respectively, but showed challenged virus shedding, whereas vaccine of H5N1 clade 2.3.2 gave 100% protection from mortality and without virus shedding. Vaccines of AI H5N1 clade 2.1.3 product A was better than vaccine product B, and when chicken vaccinated against H5N1 clade 2.3.2, H5N1 clade 2.3.2 vaccine was the best to be used. In order to protect chicken from AI subtype H5N1 clade 2.1.3 and 2.3.2 in the field, a bivalent vaccine of H5N1 clade 2.1.3 and 2.3.2 subtypes should be developed.

  12. Studies on use of reflector material and its position within FBR core for reducing U{sup 232} content of U produced in ThO{sub 2} radial blankets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sen, Sujoy, E-mail: sujoy@igcar.gov.in [Core Design Group, IGCAR, Kalpakkam (India); Prasad, Rajeev Ranjan; Bagchi, Subhrojit [Core Design Group, IGCAR, Kalpakkam (India); Mohanakrishnan, P. [MCNS, Manipal University, Manipal (India); Arul, A. John; Puthiyavinayagam, P. [Core Design Group, IGCAR, Kalpakkam (India)

    2015-11-15

    Highlights: • Nuclear data processing for multigroup neutron transport calculation. • Discrete ordinate and Monte Carlo neutron transport. • Breeding of Thorium in Fast Reactor. • Minimization of U{sup 232} in U{sup 233}. • Fuel burn up using Neutron Diffusion. - Abstract: Presence of U{sup 232} in U{sup 233} bred in thorium blanket of fast reactor is a major concern in fuel reprocessing. The former's daughter products being hard gamma emitter and the isotope itself having substantial half life, its presence beyond 10 ppm makes fuel recycle complicated and expensive. In this study possibility of decreasing U{sup 232} production in a typical FBR blanket by means of spectrum modification is examined. SS, depleted B{sub 4}C, SiC, Mo and W regions were introduced between core and radial blanket and evolution of isotopes were studied to arrive at an optimal configuration that satisfies requirements of breeding U{sup 233} and lowering U{sup 232}concentration. SS, B{sub 4}C, SiC, Mo and W are known to be high temperature material with appropriate stability in harsh fast reactor environment. Study has shown that introducing two SS reflector rows can achieve the required low value of U{sup 232}concentration without greatly compromising the U{sup 233}production.

  13. Fiscal Year 2010 Phased Construction Completion Report for EU Z2-32 in Zone 2, East Tennessee Technology Park, Oak Ridge, Tennessee

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bechtel Jacobs

    2010-02-01

    The Record of Decision for Soil, Buried Waste, and Subsurface Structure Actions in Zone 2, East Tennessee Technology Park, Oak Ridge, Tennessee (DOEIORJO 1-2161 &D2) (Zone 2 ROD) acknowledged that most of the 800 acres in Zone 2 were contaminated, but that sufficient data to confirm the levels of contamination were lacking. The Zone 2 ROD further specified that a sampling strategy for filling the data gaps would be developed. The Remedial Design Report/Remedial Action Work Plan for Zone 2 Soils, Slabs, and Subsurface Structures, East Tennessee Technology Park, Oak Ridge, Tennessee (DOEIORIO 1 -2224&D3) (RDRJRAWP) defined the sampling strategy as the Dynamic Verification Strategy (DVS), generally following the approach used for characterization of the Zone I exposure units (EUs). The Zone 2 ROD divided the Zone 2 area into seven geographic areas and 44 EUs. To facilitate the data quality objectives (DQOs) of the DVS process, the RDR/RAWP regrouped the 44 EUs into 12 DQO scoping EU groups. These groups facilitated the DQO process by placing similar facilities and their support facilities together, which allowed identification of data gaps. The EU groups were no longer pertinent after DQO planning was completed and characterization was conducted as areas became accessible. As the opportunity to complete characterization became available, the planned DVS program was completed for the EU addressed in this document (EU Z2-32). The purpose of this Phased Construction Completion Report (PCCR) is to address the following: (1) Document DVS characterization results for EU Z2-32. (2) Describe and document the risk evaluation and determine if the EU meets the Zone 2 ROD requirements for unrestricted industrial use to 10 ft bgs. (3) Identify additional areas not defined in the Zone 2 ROD that require remediation based on the DVS evaluation results. (4) Describe the remedial action performed in the K-1066-G Yard in EU Z2-32. Approximately 18.4 acres are included in the EU

  14. Standard practice for the determination of 237Np, 232Th, 235U and 238U in urine by inductively coupled plasma-Mass spectrometry (ICP-MS) and gamma ray spectrometry.

    CERN Document Server

    American Society for Testing and Materials. Philadelphia

    2005-01-01

    1.1 This practice covers the separation and preconcentration of neptunium-237 (237Np), thorium-232 (232Th), uranium-235 (235U) and uranium-238 (238U) from urine followed by quantitation using ICP-MS. 1.2 This practice can be used to support routine bioassay programs. The minimum detectable concentrations (MDC) for this method, taking the preconcentration factor into account, are approximately 1E-2Bq for 237Np (0.38ng), 2E-6Bq for 232Th (0.50ng), 4E-5Bq for 235U (0.50ng) and 6E-6Bq for 238U (0.48ng). 1.3 This standard does not purport to address all of the safety problems, if any, associated with its use. It is the responsibility of the user of this standard to establish appropriate safety and health practices and determine the applicability of regulatory limitations prior to use.

  15. HI-resolution gamma spectrometry measurements of U-238, TH-232, K-40 and CS-137 concentrations in soil samples from Capao Island at CTEx

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oliveira, Luciano S.R.; Oliveira, Celio J.V.; Vilela, Paulo R.T.; Vital, Helio C., E-mail: vital@ctex.eb.br [Centro Tecnologico do Exercito (DDQBN/CTEX), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Div. de Defesa Quimica, Biologica e Nuclear. Secao de Defesa Nuclear

    2013-07-01

    Absolute soil concentrations of U-238, Th-232, K-40 and Cs-137 samples collected from Capao Island have been measured by using Hi-Resolution Gamma HPGe Spectrometry. The area of interest encompasses an embankment in a mangrove swamp in Guaratiba, Rio de Janeiro, where nuclear, chemical and biological defense laboratories of the Brazilian Army Technology Center (CTEx) are located. In order to ensure that no significant environmental impact has resulted from neutron physics experiments performed in a graphite subcritical assembly in addition to the operation of two cesium-driven irradiating facilities, routine monitoring of those isotopes have been regularly performed. A total of eight 250 ml samples of mangrove and embankment soils were extracted from four sites of known coordinates within an area of 300 x 300 m{sup 2} and remained stored for a minimum thirty-day period to allow equilibrium to be reached. Collection and preparation of samples were made according to previously established procedures. High purity germanium detectors were used to obtain high-resolution gamma spectra and counting times were required to exceed 30 hours in order to yield sufficient statistical accuracy. Energy and efficiency calibration curves of the counting system were determined by using the GENIE 2000 software for analysis of the gamma spectrum generated by nine standard sources with a total of 11 peak energies ranging from 0.05 to 1.3 MeV. The results, corrected for background, have been expressed as absolute specific activities. All experiments have been made in the Laboratory for Identification of Radiological Agents (LIAR) at CTEx. No trace of cesium-137 has been found and the measured levels of uranium-238, in the order of 10 Bq/kg, are close to the global mean. However, some data have been found to slightly exceed the expected normal range for thorium-232 (60% of samples) and potassium-40 (20% of samples). Since there is no handling of those isotopes in the site or others that

  16. Effects of the diacylglycerol o-acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) K232A polymorphism on fatty acid, protein, and mineral composition of dairy cattle milk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bovenhuis, H; Visker, M H P W; Poulsen, N A; Sehested, J; van Valenberg, H J F; van Arendonk, J A M; Larsen, L B; Buitenhuis, A J

    2016-04-01

    Several studies have described associations between the diacylglycerol o-acyltransferase 1 (DGAT1) K232A polymorphism and routinely collected milk production traits but not much is known about effects of the DGAT1 polymorphism on detailed milk composition. The aim of this study was to estimate effects of the DGAT1 polymorphism on milk fatty acid, protein, and mineral composition. We looked for effects that were significant and consistent in Danish Holstein Friesian (HF), Danish Jersey, and Dutch HF as these are likely to be true effects of the DGAT1 K232A polymorphism rather than being effects of linked loci. For fatty acid composition, significant and consistent effects of the DGAT1 polymorphism were detected on C14:0, C16:0, C15:0, C16:1, C18:1 cis-9, conjugated linoleic acid (CLA) cis-9,trans-11, C18:2 cis-9,cis-12, and C18:3 cis-9,cis-12,cis-15 content (percent by weight, wt/wt %). For C16:0, C16:1, and C18:1 cis-9, the DGAT1 polymorphism explained more than 10% of the phenotypic variation. Significant effects on milk protein composition in Dutch HF could not be confirmed in Danish Jersey or Danish HF. For mineral content, significant and consistent effects of the DGAT1 polymorphism on calcium, phosphorus, and zinc were detected. In the Dutch HF population, the contribution of the DGAT1 K232A polymorphism to phenotypic variance was 12.0% for calcium, 8.3% for phosphorus, and 6.1% for zinc. Different from effects on fatty acid composition, effects of the DGAT1 polymorphism on yields of long-chain fatty acids C18:1 cis-9, CLA cis-9,trans-11, C18:2 cis-9,cis-12, and C18:3 cis-9,cis-12,cis-15 were not significant. This indicates that effects of DGAT1 on these fatty acids are indirect, not direct, effects: DGAT1 affects de novo synthesis of fatty acids and, consequently, the contribution of the long-chain fatty acids to total fat is decreased. In addition, effects of the DGAT1 polymorphism on yields of Ca, P, and Zn were not significant, which indicates that effects

  17. The influence of the nature of soil and plant and pollution on the 238U, 232Th, 222Rn and 220Rn concentrations in various natural honey samples using nuclear track detectors: Impact on the adult consumers

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    M A Misdaq; A Mortassim

    2009-11-01

    238U and 232Th concentrations as well as 222Rn and 220Rn -activities per unit volume were measured in various natural honey samples collected from different regions in Morocco using CR-39 and LR-115 type II solid state nuclear track detectors (SSNTDs). These radionuclides were also measured in soils, plant flowers and nectar solutions corresponding to the honey samples studied. In addition, these radionuclides were measured in different imported honey samples. The measured 238U, 232Th, 222Rn and 220Rn concentrations ranged from (1.5 ± 0.1) mBq kg-1 to (10.6 ± 0.6) mBq kg-1, (1.1 ± 0.1) mBq kg-1 to (4.2 ± 0.2) mBq kg-1 , (1.5 ± 0.1) Bq kg-1 to (10.6 ± 0.6) Bq kg-1 and (1.1 ± 0.1) Bq kg-1 to (4.2 ± 0.2) Bq kg-1 for the honey samples studied, respectively. Annual 238U, 232Th and 222Rn intakes by Moroccan adults from the consumption of honey were assessed. The influence of the nature of soil and plant on the 238U and 232Th contents of the studied honey samples was investigated. These measurements were completed by an investigation of the 238U and 232 Th transfer between soils and plant flowers and that between plant flowers and honey, and also by the investigation of the influence of pollution due to different material dusts on 238U, 232Th and 222Rn in the honey samples studied. Committed equivalent doses due to the annual intake of 238U, 232Th and 222Rn were evaluated in the organs of adult members of the Moroccan rural population from the ingestion of the honey samples. The maximum total committed effective dose due to 238U, 232Th and 222Rn from the ingestion of natural honey by the Moroccan rural population was found to be equal to 0.64 Sv y-1 .

  18. Experimental Neutron-Induced Fission Fragment Mass Yields of 232Th and 238U at Energies from 10 to 33 MeV

    CERN Document Server

    Simutkin, V D; Blomgren, J; Österlund, M; Bevilacqua, R; Ryzhov, I V; Tutin, G A; Yavshits, S G; Vaishnene, L A; Onegin, M S; Meulders, J P; Prieels, R

    2013-01-01

    Development of nuclear energy applications requires data for neutron-induced reactions for actinides in a wide neutron energy range. Here we describe measurements of pre-neutron emission fission fragment mass yields of 232Th and 238U at incident neutron energies from 10 to 33 MeV. The measurements were done at the quasi-monoenergetic neutron beam of the Louvain-la-Neuve cyclotron facility CYCLONE; a multi-section twin Frisch-gridded ionization chamber was used to detect fission fragments. For the peak neutron energies at 33, 45 and 60 MeV, the details of the data analysis and the experimental results have been published before and in this work we present data analysis in the low-energy tail of the neutron energy spectra. The preliminary measurement results are compared with available experimental data and theoretical predictions.

  19. CONTAMINATED PROCESS EQUIPMENT REMOVAL FOR THE D&D OF THE 232-Z CONTAMINATED WASTE RECOVERY PROCESS FACILITY AT THE PLUTONIUM FINISHING PLANT (PFP)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    HOPKINS, A.M.; MINETTE, M.J.; KLOS, D.B.

    2007-01-25

    This paper describes the unique challenges encountered and subsequent resolutions to accomplish the deactivation and decontamination of a plutonium ash contaminated building. The 232-Z Contaminated Waste Recovery Process Facility at the Plutonium Finishing Plant was used to recover plutonium from process wastes such as rags, gloves, containers and other items by incinerating the items and dissolving the resulting ash. The incineration process resulted in a light-weight plutonium ash residue that was highly mobile in air. This light-weight ash coated the incinerator's process equipment, which included gloveboxes, blowers, filters, furnaces, ducts, and filter boxes. Significant airborne contamination (over 1 million derived air concentration hours [DAC]) was found in the scrubber cell of the facility. Over 1300 grams of plutonium held up in the process equipment and attached to the walls had to be removed, packaged and disposed. This ash had to be removed before demolition of the building could take place.

  20. K-components for the approx. 1. 4-, approx. 1. 6-, and approx. 1. 7-MeV structures in the fission of /sup 232/Th + n

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Auchampaugh, G.F.; Plattard, S.; Hill, N.W.; de Saussure, G.; Perez, R.B.; Harvey, J.A.

    1981-07-01

    Neutron-induced angle-integrated fission cross sections of /sup 232/Th were measured from 0.7 to 9 MeV with a nominal neutron energy resolution of 0.15 ns/m. Data were taken for the angular intervals 0 to 23.4/sup 0/, 0 to 33.7/sup 0/, 0 to 51.7/sup 0/, and 0 to 90/sup 0/. The structures at approx. 1.4, approx. 1.6, and approx. 1.7 MeV were interpreted in terms of rotational bands with K = 1/2, 3/2, and greater than or equal to 5/2. The approximate relative fission strengths for the K-bonds are in the proportion 1.7:2.4:1.0, 0.0:2.6:1.0, and 1.0:2.8:0.0 for the three structures, respectively.

  1. Distribution of Natural (U-238, Th-232, Ra-226) and Technogenic (Sr-90, Cs-137) Radionuclides in Soil-Plants Complex Near Issyk-Kul Lake, Kyrgyzstan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jovanovic, L.; Kaldybaev, B.; Djenbaev, B.; Tilenbaev, A.

    2012-04-01

    Researches on radionuclides distribution in the soil-plants complex provide essential information in understanding human exposure to natural and technogenic sources of radiation. It is necessary in establishing regulation relating to radiation protection. The aim of this study was the radiochemical analysis of the content natural radionuclides 238U, 232Th,226Ra and technogenic radionuclides content (90Sr, 137Cs) in soils near Issyk-Kul lake (Kyrgyzstan). Results of radiochemical analyses have shown, that the concentrations of thorium-232 are fluctuating in the limits (11.7-84.1)-10-4% in the soils. The greatest concentration of thorium-232 has been found in the light chestnut soils. The content of uranium-238 in the soils near Issyk-Kul lake is fluctuating from 2.8 up to 12.7-10-4%. Radium-226 has more migration ability in comparison with other heavy natural radionuclides. According to our research the concentrations of radium-226 are fluctuating in the limits (9.4-43.0)-10-11%. The greatest concentration of radium-226 (43,0±2,8)-10-11% has been determined in the light chestnut soil. In connection with global migration of contaminating substances, including radioactive, the special attention is given long-lived radionuclides strontium-90 and caesium-137 in food-chains, and agroecosystems. Results of radiochemical analyses have shown, that specific activity of strontium-90 is fluctuating in the range of 2.9 up to 11.1 Bq/kg, and caesium-137 from 3.7 up to 14,3 Bq/kg in the soil of agroecosystems in the region of Issyk-Kul. In soil samples down to 1 meter we have observed vertical migration of these radionuclides, they were found to accumulate on the surface of soil horizon (0-5 cm) and their specific activity sharply decreases with depth. In addition in high-mountain pastures characterized by horizontal migration of cattle in profiles of soil, it was discovered that specific activity of radionuclides are lower on the slope than at the foot of the mountain. The

  2. EFFECTIVE SPECIFIC ACTIVITY OF NATURAL RADIONUCLIDES FOR THE NORM BELONGED TO 238U AND 232TH SERIES BEING IN THE STATE OF DISTURBED RADIOACTIVE EQUILIBRIUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. P. Stamat

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available In the Sanitary Rules SR 2.6.1.1292-03 and SR 2.6.6.1169-02 classification of the industrial waste containing naturally occurring radioactive materials is adopted in accordance to the values of their effective specific activity Aeff. In a case of the disturbed equilibrium in 238U and 232Th series it is necessary to take into consideration actual contribution of the separate natural radionuclides of the mentioned series into the value of gamma dose rate of the waste. This will permit to avoid unjustified overestimating or understating of the waste category which prevents as unjustified expenditures on their treating so undertaking of the necessary measures providing radiation safety.

  3. [Ag67(SPhMe2)32(PPh3)8]3+: Synthesis, Total Structure, and Optical Properties of a Large Box-Shaped Silver Nanocluster

    KAUST Repository

    Alhilaly, Mohammad J.

    2016-10-13

    Engineering the surface ligands of metal nanoparticles is critical in designing unique arrangements of metal atoms. Here, we report the synthesis and total structure determination of a large box-shaped Ag-67 nanocluster (NC) protected by a mixed shell of thiolate (2,4-dimethylbenzenethiolate, SPhMe2) and phosphine (triphenylphosphine, PPh3) ligands. Single crystal X-ray diffraction (SCXRD) and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) revealed the cluster formula to be [Ag-67(SPhMe2)(32)(PPh3)(8)](3+). The crystal structure shows an Ag-23 metal core covered by a layer of Ag44S32P8 arranged in the shape of a box. The Ag-13, core was formed through an unprecedented centered cuboctahedron, i.e., Ag-13, unlike the common centered Ag-13 icosahedron geometry. Two types of ligand motifs, eight AgS3P and eight bridging thiols, were found to stabilize the whole cluster. The optical spectrum of this NC displayed highly structured multiple absorption peaks. The electronic structure and optical spectrum of Ag-67 were computed using time-dependent density functional theory (TDDFT) for both the full cluster [Ag-67(SPhMe2)(32)(PPh3)(8)](3+) and a reduced model [Ag-67(SH)(32)(PH3)(8)](3+). The lowest metal-to-metal transitions in the range 500-800 nm could be explained by considering the reduced model that shows almost identical electronic states to 32 free electrons in a jellium box. The successful synthesis of the large box-shaped Ag-67 NC facilitated by the combined use of phosphine and thiol paves the way for synthesizing other metal clusters with unprecedented shapes by judicious choice of thiols and phosphines.

  4. Assessment of radiological impact in mineral industrial plants caused by deposition of wastes with U{sup 238} and/or Th{sup 232} associated

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ladeira, Paula C.; Alves, Rex Nazare, E-mail: rexnazare@ime.eb.b [Instituto Militar de Engenharia (IME), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Ruperti Junior, Nerbe J., E-mail: nruperti@cnen.gov.b [Comissao Nacional de Energia Nuclear (DIREJ/CNEN-RJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Div. de Rejeitos Radioativos

    2011-07-01

    The industrial-mining facilities constantly produce, in Brazil and in abroad, wastes from its production, many times containing uranium and/or thorium associated. Due to the large quantities generated, these wastes are usually deposited at the site of the facility, close to the place where they were produced. Since the chains of radioactive U{sup 238} and Th{sup 232} with alpha-emitting radionuclides have long half-life, waste deposits associated with these elements may cause radiological impact on the man and on the environment, even in the long term. Mathematical models are often used to represent the biosphere and the transport of radionuclides near to the surface. Thus, it was decided, through the software {sup M}athematica{sup ,} to present a methodology based on the solution of Bateman equations for the calculation of radiological impact on individuals from the public exposed to contamination. The radiological impact appraisal was carried out considering a scenario of intrusion into landfills containing U{sup 238} and / or Th{sup 232} in post-operational phase of an industrial-mining installation. The critical group examined was represented by farmers who used water from an artesian well for daily consumption and which feed themselves on vegetables locally grown in clay soil. As a result, there was the exposure in pathways evaluated, a minor contribution of dose for ingestion of contaminated water. The conclusion of this work, show us that calculated doses were within the accepted international limits for the intrusion scenario. Parameters associated with mathematical models defining the choice of project to build a landfill for the purpose of deposition, whereas rates of doses can be estimated in each of the scenarios proposed. (author)

  5. Separation and quantification of {sup 238}U, {sup 232}Th and rare earths in monazite samples by ion chromatography coupled with on-line flow scintillation detector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Borai, E.H.; Mady, A.S

    2002-10-01

    An alternative procedure has been described for efficient separation and quantitative determination of uranium (U), thorium (Th) and rare earth elements (REEs) in monazite mineral by high performance ion chromatographic system (IC). Different variables affecting the distribution coefficient, the retention and hence separation efficiency such as eluent flow rate and concentrations of HCl and ammonium sulfate (NH{sub 4}){sub 2}SO{sub 4} containing the mobile phase were studied. The developed separation protocol of U, Th and REEs was optimized using an Ion Pac CS5 separation column followed by post-column derivatization reaction with Arsenaso III and UV-VIS spectrophotometeric detection. Comparative evaluation of U, Th and REEs concentration in monazite mineral was demonstrated using two different on-line detection modes including flow through cell scintillation detector (FSD) and UV-VIS spectrophotometer. Response of the FSD was found to be linear over the full range of activities investigated (4-100 Bq). The lower limits of detection (LLD) for the investigated radionuclides were 3.0{+-}0.1 Bq for {sup 238}U and 6.0{+-}0.1 Bq for {sup 232}Th. The detection of {sup 238}U and {sup 232}Th by FSD shows good agreement with the corresponding determination by UV-VIS spectrophotometer. The content of ThO{sub 2} and U{sub 3}O{sub 8} in monazite sample were found to be 4.7{+-}0.1% and 0.42{+-}0.04% using UV-VIS detector and 4.3{+-}0.1% and 0.45{+-}0.1% using FSD, respectively.

  6. The transport characteristics of {sup 238}U, {sup 232}Th, {sup 226}Ra, and {sup 40}K in the production cycle of phosphate rock

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Yoon Hee; Lim, Jong Myoung; Ji, Young Yong; Chung, Kun Ho; Kang, Mun Ja [Environmental Radioactivity Assessment Team, Korea Atomic Energy Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2017-03-15

    Phosphate rock and its by-product are widely used in various industries to produce phosphoric acid, gypsum, gypsum board, and fertilizer. Owing to its high level of natural radioactive nuclides (e.g., 238U and 226Ra), the radiological safety of workers who work with phosphate rock should be systematically managed. In this study, 238U, 232Th, 226Ra, and 40K levels were measured to analyze the transport characteristics of these radionuclides in the production cycle of phosphate rock. Energy dispersive X-ray fluorescence and gamma spectrometry were used to determine the activity of 238U, 232Th, 226Ra, and 40K. To evaluate the extent of secular disequilibrium, the analytical results were compared using statistical methods. Finally, the distribution of radioactivity across different stages of the phosphate rock production cycle was evaluated. The concentration ratios of 226Ra and 238U in phosphate rock were close to 1.0, while those found in gypsum and fertilizer were extremely different, reflecting disequilibrium after the chemical reaction process. The nuclide with the highest activity level in the production cycle of phosphate rock was 40K, and the median 40K activity was 8.972 Bq·g−1 and 1.496 Bq·g−1, respectively. For the 238U series, the activity of 238U and 226Ra was greatest in phosphate rock, and the distribution of activity values clearly showed the transport characteristics of the radionuclides, both for the byproducts of the decay sequences and for their final products. Although the activity of 40K in k-related fertilizer was relatively high, it made a relatively low contribution to the total radiological effect. However, the activity levels of 226Ra and 238U in phosphate rock were found to be relatively high, near the upper end of the acceptable limits. Therefore, it is necessary to systematically manage the radiological safety of workers engaged in phosphate rock processing.

  7. Identifikasi Secara Serologi Galur Virus Flu Burung Subtipe H5N1 Clade 2.1.3 dan Clade 2.3.2 pada Ayam Petelur (SEROLOGICAL IDENTIFICATION OF AVIAN INFLUENZA STRAIN VIRUS SUBTYPE H5N1 CLADE 2.1.3 AND CLADE 2.3.2 FROM LAYER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aprilia Kusumastuti

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study was to know avian influenza (AI infection in field by using serology test in threemarketing area of AI vaccines. Haemagglutination inhibition methode was used in this test. There werefour antigen strains of AI subtype H5N1 clade 2.1.3 (AIstrainA/Chicken/West Java/PWT-WIJ/2006, AIstrain A/Chicken/Garut/BBVW-223/2007, AI strain A/Chicken/West Java-Nagrak/30/2007, and AI strainA/Chicken/Pekalongan/BBVW-208/2007 and 2 antigen strains of AI subtype H5N1 clade 2.3.2 (AI strainA/duck/Sukoharjo/BBVW-1428-9/2012 and AI strain A/duck/Sleman/BBVW-1463-10/2012 was used inthis study for HI test. The result presents that 93,33% chicken farms in three marketing area of PT. SanbioLaboratories have positive antibody titre to AI subtype H5N1 clade 2.1.3. This titre may be obtained fromAI clade 2.1.3 vaccination. From 15 samples, 92,86% are positive to AI subtype H5N1 clade 2.3.2A/duck/Sukoharjo/BBVW-1428-9/2012 and 92,31% are positive to A/duck/Sleman/BBVW-1463-10/2012 evenwithout AI clade 2.3.2 vaccination. This antibody titre may be obtained from AI clade 2.1.3 vaccine crossprotection or field infection.

  8. Transfer Rates of 238U and 232Th for E. globulus, A. mearnsii, H. filipendula and Hazardous Effects of the Usage of Medicinal Plants From Around Gold Mine Dump Environs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victor M. Tshivhase

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Medicinal plant consumption can be a source of human exposure to radioactive elements such as 238U and 232Th, which can lead to internal radiation doses. The uptake of 238U and 232Th from soils to the leaf samples of three different medicinal plant species (Eucalyptus globulus, Acacia mearnsii and Hyparrhenia filipendula from the purlieu of the Princess gold mine dump, an abandoned contaminated tailings storage site (TSS, located at longitude 27°55′00″E and latitude 26°09′30″S in Davidsonville (Roodepoort, west of Johannesburg, South Africa was measured. This was done using ICP-MS spectrometry and substantial differences were observed in the soil-plant transfer factor (TF values between these radionuclides. The plant species E. globulus exhibited the highest uptake of 238U, with an average TF of 3.97, while that of H. filipendula was 0.01 and the lowest TF of 0.15 × 10−2 was measured for A. mearnsii. However, in the case of 232Th, the highest average TF was observed for A. mearnsii (0.29, followed by E. globulus (0.10 and lowest was measured for H. filipendula (0.27 × 10−2. The ratio of TF average value i.e., 238U to 232Th in the soil-plant leaves was 38.05 for E. globulus, 0.01 for A. mearnsii and 4.38 for H. filipendula.

  9. The study of the (α, α'f) reaction at 120MeV on 232Th (III) : Total kinetic energies and mass distributions for excitation energies below 12 MeV

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    David, P.; Debrus, J.; Janszen, H.; Schulze, J.; Harakeh, M.N.; Plicht, J. van der; van der Woude, Adriaan

    1982-01-01

    The total kinetic energy release (TKE) of the fissioning nucleus 232Th is measured as a function of excitation energy and for various mass separations. A direct correlation of the TKE and of the prompt neutron yield excitation functions is observed. The mass yield is presented as function of the tot

  10. The study of the (α, α'f) reaction at 120 MeV on 232Th and 238U (II) : Fission barrier properties deduced from fission probabilities and angular distributions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Plicht, J. van der; Harakeh, M.N.; van der Woude, Adriaan; David, P.; Debrus, J.; Janszen, H.; Schulze, J.

    1981-01-01

    The fission probabilities and angular distributions of the fission fragments for the (α, α'f) reaction on 232Th and 238U at a bombarding energy of 120 MeV have been measured from about 4 to 14 MeV excitation energy. Evidence for sub-barrier resonances has been found, the negative parity ones occurri

  11. The study of the (α, α’f) reaction at 120 MeV on 232Th and 238U (I) : Fission probabilities and angular distributions in the region of the giant quadrupole resonances

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Plicht, J. van der; Harakeh, M.N.; van der Woude, Adriaan; David, P.; Debrus, J.; Janszen, H.; Schulze, J.

    1980-01-01

    The fission decay channel of 232Th and 238U has been investigated, using the (α, α’f) reaction at 120 MeV bombarding energy. The angular distributions of the fission fragments and the fission probabilities up to around 15 MeV excitation have been measured. No evidence for the fission decay of the gi

  12. Assignment of FUT8 to chicken chromosome band 5q1.4 and to human chromosome 14q23.2-->q24.1 by in situ hybridization. Conserved and compared synteny between human and chicken

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Coullin, Ph.; Crooijmans, R.P.M.A.; Groenen, M.A.M.; Heilig, R.; Mollicone, R.; Oriol, R.; Candelier, J.J.

    2002-01-01

    The human FUT8 gene is implicated in crucial developmental stages and is overexpressed in some tumors and other malignant diseases. Based on three different experiments we have assigned the FUT8 gene to chromosome bands 14q23.2 --> q24.1 and not 14q24.3 as previously shown (Yamaguchi et al., 1999

  13. Transfer Rates of 238U and 232Th for E. globulus, A. mearnsii, H. filipendula and Hazardous Effects of the Usage of Medicinal Plants From Around Gold Mine Dump Environs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tshivhase, Victor M.; Njinga, Raymond L.; Mathuthu, Manny; Dlamini, Thulani C.

    2015-01-01

    Medicinal plant consumption can be a source of human exposure to radioactive elements such as 238U and 232Th, which can lead to internal radiation doses. The uptake of 238U and 232Th from soils to the leaf samples of three different medicinal plant species (Eucalyptus globulus, Acacia mearnsii and Hyparrhenia filipendula) from the purlieu of the Princess gold mine dump, an abandoned contaminated tailings storage site (TSS), located at longitude 27°55′00″E and latitude 26°09′30″S in Davidsonville (Roodepoort, west of Johannesburg, South Africa) was measured. This was done using ICP-MS spectrometry and substantial differences were observed in the soil-plant transfer factor (TF) values between these radionuclides. The plant species E. globulus exhibited the highest uptake of 238U, with an average TF of 3.97, while that of H. filipendula was 0.01 and the lowest TF of 0.15 × 10−2 was measured for A. mearnsii. However, in the case of 232Th, the highest average TF was observed for A. mearnsii (0.29), followed by E. globulus (0.10) and lowest was measured for H. filipendula (0.27 × 10−2). The ratio of TF average value i.e., 238U to 232Th in the soil-plant leaves was 38.05 for E. globulus, 0.01 for A. mearnsii and 4.38 for H. filipendula. PMID:26690462

  14. The study of the (α, α’f) reaction at 120 MeV on 232Th and 238U (I) : Fission probabilities and angular distributions in the region of the giant quadrupole resonances

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Plicht, J. van der; Harakeh, M.N.; van der Woude, Adriaan; David, P.; Debrus, J.; Janszen, H.; Schulze, J.

    1980-01-01

    The fission decay channel of 232Th and 238U has been investigated, using the (α, α’f) reaction at 120 MeV bombarding energy. The angular distributions of the fission fragments and the fission probabilities up to around 15 MeV excitation have been measured. No evidence for the fission decay of the

  15. Use of LabSOCS for determination of specific concentrations of {sup 40}K, {sup 238}U and {sup 232}Th in fertilizer samples; Uso de LabSOCS no calculo da eficiencia de detecao para determinacao da concentracao especifica de {sup 40}K, {sup 238}U e {sup 232}Th em amostras de fertilizantes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcez, Ricardo Washington Dutra; Lopes, Jose Marques; Silva, Ademir Xavier da, E-mail: rgarcez@con.ufrj.br, E-mail: marqueslopez@yahoo.com.br [Coordenacao dos Programas de Pos-Graduacao em Engenharia (COPPE/UFRJ), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Programa de Engenharia Nuclear; Domingues, Alessandro Mariano; Lima, Marco Frota, E-mail: slessandrodomingues@fisica.if.uff.br, E-mail: marcofrotalima@yahoo.com.br [Universidade Federal Fluminense (UFF), Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Instituto de Biologia

    2015-07-01

    Use of fertilizer is an established practice worldwide to promote agricultural productivity increased without increasing the planted area, resulting in native forests protection and increase of the food availability. Some kinds of fertilizer have in their chemical composition some radionuclides due the origin of its feedstock, such as {sup 238}U, the {sup 232}Th, and their descendants, beyond {sup 40}K. Knowledge of the radioactivity levels in the environment is great importance to know the gamma radiation dose that the human being is exposed. For identification and quantitation of radionuclides, it was used gamma spectrometry where HPGe detector was used to obtain the spectra, and LabSOCS software for calculating the detection efficiency for each energy. The values of {sup 232}Th specific concentrations ranged from 4.1 to 368.1 Bq.Kg{sup -1} , the values of {sup 238}U specific concentrations ranged from 16.0 to 647.7 Bq.Kg{sup -1} and {sup 40}K specific concentrations ranged from 19.1 to 12713 Bq.Kg{sup -1} . Concentrations of values are consistent with those found in literature. (author)

  16. Assessment of sedimentation rate based on disequilibrium in the {sup 232}Th decay series in an artificial pond downstream a former uranium mine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reyss, J.L. [Laboratoire des Sciences du Climat et de l' Environnement - LSCE/IPSL, Unite Mixte de Recherche 8212 CEA, CNRS, UVSQ, F-91198 Gif-sur-Yvette Cedex (France); Mangeret, A.; Courbet, C.; Saadi, Z.; Guillevic, J. [Institut de Radioprotection et de Surete Nucleaire (IRSN), BP 17, 92262 Fontenay aux Roses (France); Thouvenot, A. [LMGE, UMR CNRS 6023, Lab Microorganismes Genome et Environnement, 63 177 Aubiere (France)

    2014-07-01

    In rivers and lakes, sediment dynamics are very difficult to quantify by field measurements as well as by modeling studies (Olley et al. 1997 WRR 33, 1319-1326). The well-known {sup 210}Pb excess method (Appleby 2000 Limnology 59-S.1, 1-14; Perga et al. 2010 Limnol. and Ocean. 55, 803-816) cannot be used for quantifying sedimentation rates over granitic catchments as large amounts of {sup 210}Pb produced by granite weathering tend to dilute the atmospheric {sup 210}Pb. The knowledge of sedimentation rates in lakes is however very important for understanding the geochemical mechanisms involved in contaminant scavenging and remobilization at the sediment-water interface (SWI). Moreover, these measurements are crucial for developing solute transport models, especially for radionuclides and metals in pore waters and through the SWI. In order to overcome these issues, this study focuses on an artificial pound located in a granitic catchment, down-gradient from a former uranium mining site that ceased operations at the beginning of the 80's (Guillevic and Reyss 2011 ICRER 2011). Sediment sampling was carried out in this artificial lake with an UWITEC{sup R} hand corer. All the samples were dried and the activities of artificial and natural radionuclides were measured by gamma spectrometry, at the Underground Laboratory of Modane and alpha spectrometry after radiochemical purification. The profile of {sup 210}Pb activities in the sediment increased with depth in the core and did not allow to distinguish the atmospheric {sup 210}Pb from the {sup 210}Pb produced by watering processes in this uranium enriched environment. Another method for quantifying sediment accumulation rates is therefore proposed here using the disequilibrium between {sup 228}Ra (half-life of 5.75 years) and {sup 232}Th, the parent isotope. The excess of {sup 228}Ra over its respective parent {sup 232}Th has already been demonstrated by (Olley et al. 1997 WRR 33, 1319-1326) in river and lake

  17. 238U series isotopes and 232Th in carbonates and black shales from the Lesser Himalaya: implications to dissolved uranium abundances in Ganga-Indus source waters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Singh, S K; Dalai, Tarun K; Krishnaswami, S

    2003-01-01

    238U and (232)Th concentrations and the extent of (238)U-(234)U-(230)Th radioactive equilibrium have been measured in a suite of Precambrian carbonates and black shales from the Lesser Himalaya. These measurements were made to determine their abundances in these deposits, their contributions to dissolved uranium budget of the headwaters of the Ganga and the Indus in the Himalaya and to assess the impact of weathering on (238)U-(234)U-(230)Th radioactive equilibrium in them. (238)U concentrations in Precambrian carbonates range from 0.06 to 2.07 microg g(-1). The 'mean' U/Ca in these carbonates is 2.9 ng U mg(-1) Ca. This ratio, coupled with the assumption that all Ca in the Ganga-Indus headwaters is of carbonate origin and that U and Ca behave conservatively in rivers after their release from carbonates, provides an upper limit on the U contribution from these carbonates, to be a few percent of dissolved uranium in rivers. There are, however, a few streams with low uranium concentrations, for which the carbonate contribution could be much higher. These results suggest that Precambrian carbonates make only minor contributions to the uranium budget of the Ganga-Indus headwaters in the Himalaya on a basin wide scale, however, they could be important for particular streams. Similar estimates of silicate contribution to uranium budget of these rivers using U/Na in silicates and Na* (Na corrected for cyclic and halite contributions) in river waters show that silicates can contribute significantly (approximately 40% on average) to their U balance. If, however, much of the uranium in these silicates is associated with weathering resistant minerals, then the estimated silicate uranium component would be upper limits. Uranium concentration in black shales averages about 37 microg g(-1). Based on this concentration, supply of U from at least approximately 50 mg of black shales per liter of river water is needed to balance the average river water U concentration, 1.7 microg L

  18. Measurement of the fission cross section induced by fast neutrons of the {sup 232}Th/{sup 233}U nuclei within the innovating fuel cycles framework; Mesure de la section efficace de fission induite par neutrons rapides des noyaux {sup 232}Th/{sup 233}U dans le cadre des cycles de combustible innovants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grosjean, C

    2005-03-15

    The thorium-U{sup 233} fuel cycle might provided safer and cleaner nuclear energy than the present Uranium/Pu fuelled reactors. Over the last 10 years, a vast campaign of measurements has been initiated to bring the precision of neutron data for the key nuclei (Th{sup 232}, Pa{sup 233} and U{sup 233}) at the level of those for the U-Pu cycle. This is the framework of these measurements, the energy dependent neutron induced fission cross section of Th{sup 232} and U{sup 233} has been measured from 1 to 7 MeV with a target accuracy lesser than 5 per cent. These measurements imply the accurate determination of the fission rate, the number of the target nuclei as well as the incident neutron flux impinging on the target, the latter has been obtained using the elastic scattering (n,p). The cross section of which is very well known in a large neutron energy domain ({approx} 0,5 % from 1 eV to 50 MeV) compared to the U{sup 235}(n,f) reaction. This technique has been applied for the first time to the Th{sup 232}(n,f) and U{sup 233}(n,f) cases. A Hauser-Feshbach statistical model has been developed. It consists of describing the different decay channels of the compound nucleus U{sup 234} from 0,01 to 10 MeV neutron energy. The parameters of this model were adjusted in order to reproduce the measured fission cross section of U{sup 233}. From these parameters, the cross sections from the following reactions could be extracted: inelastic scattering U{sup 233}(n,n'), radiative capture U{sup 233}(n,{gamma}) and U{sup 233}(n,2n). These cross sections are still difficult to measure by direct neutron reactions. The calculated values have allowed us to fill the lack of experimental data for the major fissile nucleus of the thorium cycle. (author)

  19. Near-scission emission of intermediate mass fragments in 12C+232Th at E/A=16 and 22 MeV

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bredeweg, T. A.; Yanez, R.; Davin, B. P.; Kwiatkowski, K.; de Souza, R. T.; Lemmon, R.; Popescu, R.; Charity, R. J.; Sobotka, L. G.; Hofman, D.; Carjan, N.

    2002-07-01

    Intermediate mass fragments (IMFS) (IMF: 3fission fragments following incomplete fusion in 12C+232Th at E/A=16 and 22 MeV are investigated. IMFs emitted prior to significant deformation of the fissioning system, as well as IMFs emitted near scission, are distinguished based upon their characteristic kinetic energy and angular distributions. The yield distributions of IMFs emitted near scission in these12C induced reactions are compared with near-scission IMF yields in spontaneous and low-energy ternary fission. Comparisons are made to both experimental fusion-evaporation data and theoretical predictions of a statistical model. The excitation energy dependence of relative IMF yields for both isotropic and near-scission emission is also presented. Our results for near-scission emission suggest that the production of IMFs near scission is inconsistent with a statistical emission mechanism in which emission barriers follow a standard Z dependence. Dynamical model calculations are used to investigate the role of dissipation, angular momentum, N/Z, and kinetic energy on the fragment formation near scission.

  20. Disease-related growth factor and embryonic signaling pathways modulate an enhancer of TCF21 expression at the 6q23.2 coronary heart disease locus.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Clint L Miller

    Full Text Available Coronary heart disease (CHD is the leading cause of mortality in both developed and developing countries worldwide. Genome-wide association studies (GWAS have now identified 46 independent susceptibility loci for CHD, however, the biological and disease-relevant mechanisms for these associations remain elusive. The large-scale meta-analysis of GWAS recently identified in Caucasians a CHD-associated locus at chromosome 6q23.2, a region containing the transcription factor TCF21 gene. TCF21 (Capsulin/Pod1/Epicardin is a member of the basic-helix-loop-helix (bHLH transcription factor family, and regulates cell fate decisions and differentiation in the developing coronary vasculature. Herein, we characterize a cis-regulatory mechanism by which the lead polymorphism rs12190287 disrupts an atypical activator protein 1 (AP-1 element, as demonstrated by allele-specific transcriptional regulation, transcription factor binding, and chromatin organization, leading to altered TCF21 expression. Further, this element is shown to mediate signaling through platelet-derived growth factor receptor beta (PDGFR-β and Wilms tumor 1 (WT1 pathways. A second disease allele identified in East Asians also appears to disrupt an AP-1-like element. Thus, both disease-related growth factor and embryonic signaling pathways may regulate CHD risk through two independent alleles at TCF21.

  1. A unique de novo interstitial deletion of chromosome 17, del(17)(q23.2q24.3) in a female newborn with multiple congenital anomalies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Levin, M.L.; Shaffer, L.G.; Lewis, R.A. [Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX (United States)] [and others

    1994-09-01

    Contiguous gene or microdeletion syndromes occurring on chromosome 17p include the Smith-Magenis and Miller-Dieker syndromes associated with interstitial deletions of 17p11.2 and 17p13.3, respectively. Other cytogenetically visible interstitial deletions on chromosome 17 are quite rare or unique. We describe a newborn with a novel interstitial deletion of the long arm of chromosome 17 [del(17)(q23.2q24.3)] who died on day of life 17 during a recurrent apneic episode. We have compared our patient`s phenotype and karyotype to two reported patients with deletion 17q with minor clinical overlap. The most striking clinical features of this patient were severe intrauterine growth retardation, widespread skeletal malformations (split sutures, hypoplastic acetabulae and scapulae, vertebral anomalies, and digital hypoplasia), cutis verticis gyrata, dysmorphic facial features, and oropharyngeal malformations (absent uvula and submucous cleft palate). Mild congenital heart disease and anomalous optic nerves were also present. Parental karyotyps were normal. DNA from parents and patient has been collected and cell lines established on both parents. Genes which have been previously mapped to the region that is apparently deleted in this patient include: chorionic somatomammotropin A, growth hormone (normal), acid alpha-glucosidase, apolipoprotein H, and the alpha peptide of type 4 voltage gated sodium channel. As in other clinical cytogenetic syndromes, further descriptions of patients with similar or overlapping rearrangements in this region will be necessary to delineate genotype/phenotype correlations for chromosome 17.

  2. Assessment of surface reactivity of thorium oxide in conditions close to chemical equilibrium by isotope exchange {sup 229}Th/{sup 232}Th method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Suzuki-Muresan, Tomo; Perrigaud, Katy; Vandenborre, Johan; Ribet, Solange; Grambow, Bernd [Nantes Univ., CNRS/IN2P3 (France). SUBATECH Unite Mixte de Recherche 6457; Takamasa, Inai [TOKAI Univ., Kanagawa (Japan)

    2017-08-01

    This work aims to assess the solubility and the surface reactivity of crystallized thorium at pH 3.0 in presence of three types of solids: synthesized powder at 1300 C, crushed kernel, and intact kernel. In this study, the kernel is composed by the core solid from high temperature reactors (HTR) sphere particles. The originality of this work consisted in following in a sequential order the kinetic of dissolution, the surface reactivity in presence of isotope tracer {sup 229}Th, and its desorption process. Long time experiments (634 days) allowed to get deeper understanding on the behavior of the surface reactivity in contact with the solution. Solubility values are ranging from 0.3 x 10{sup -7} mol.L{sup -1} to 3 x 10{sup -7} mol.L{sup -1} with a dissolution rate of 10{sup -6}-10{sup -4} g.m{sup -2} day{sup -1}. PHREEQC modeling showed that crystallized ThO{sub 2}(cr, 20 nm) phase controls the equilibrium in solution. Isotope exchange between {sup 229}Th and {sup 232}Th indicated that well-crystallized phase exist as an inert surface regarding to the absence of exchange between surface solid and solution.

  3. Neutronic simulation of a research reactor core of (232Th, 235U)O2 fuel using MCNPX2.6 code

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Seyed Amir Hossein Feghhi; Marzieh Rezazadeh; Yachine Kadi; Claudio Tenreiro; Morteza Aref; Zohreh Gholamzadeh

    2013-01-01

    The small reactor design for the remote and less developed areas of the user countries should have simple features in view of the lack of infra-structure and resources. Many researchers consider long core life with no on-site refuelling activity as a primary feature for the small reactor design. Long core life can be achieved by enhancing internal conversion rate of fertile to fissile materials. For that purpose, thorium cycle can be adopted because a high fissile production rate of 233U converted from 232Th can be expected in the thermal energy region. A simple nuclear reactor core arranged 19 assemblies in hexagonal structure, using thorium-based fuel and heavy water as coolant and moderator was simulated using MCNPX2.6 code, aiming an optimized critical assembly. Optimized reflector thickness and gap between assemblies were determined to achieve minimum neutron leakage and void reactivity. The result was a more compact core, where assemblies were designed having 19-fuel pins in 1.25 pitch-to-diameter ratio. Optimum reflector thickness of 15 cm resulted in minimal neutron leakage in view of economic limitations. A 0.5 cm gap between assembles achieved more safety and 2.2% enrichment requirements. The present feasibility study suggests a thermal core of acceptable neutronic parameters to achieve a simple and safe core.

  4. Vertical and horizontal distribution of radionuclides (232Th, 238U and 40K) in sediment from Manjung coastal water area Perak, Malaysia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdullah, Anisa; Hamzah, Zaini; Saat, Ahmad; Wood, Ab. Khalik

    2016-01-01

    Distribution of radionuclides from anthropogenic activities has been widely studied in marine coastal area. Due to rapid population growth and socio-economic development in Manjung area such as coal fired power plant, iron foundries, port development, waste discharged from factories and agriculture runoff may contribute to increase in pollution rate. The radioactive materials from anthropogenic activities could deteriorate the quality of the marine ecosystem and thus lead to possible radiological health risk to the population. Radionuclides (232Th, 238U and 40K) content in surface and profile sediment from Manjung coastal area was determined in this study. Radionuclides in sediment from seven locations were collected using sediment core sampling and measurements were carried out using Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) spectroscopy. The results show that the concentration of radionuclides in surface sediment and distribution trend of depth vertical profile sediment generally varies depending on locations. Enrichment factors (EF), geo-accumulation index (Igeo) and pollution index (PI) were applied to determine level of pollution of this study area. The radiological risks related to human exposure were evaluated based on external hazard index (Hex).

  5. Capture and Fission rate of 232-Th, 238-U, 237-Np and 239-Pu from spallation neutrons in a huge block of lead.

    CERN Document Server

    Vlachoudis, Vasilis

    2000-01-01

    The study is centered on the research of the incineration possibility of nuclear waste, by the association of a particle accelerator with a multiplying medium of neutrons, in the project "Energy Amplifier" of C. Rubbia. It consists of the experimental determination of the rates of capture and fission of certain elements (232-Th, 238-U, 237-Np and 239-Pu) subjected to a fluence of fast spallation neutrons. These neutrons are produced by the interaction of high kinetic energy protons (several GeV) provided by the CERN-PS accelerator, on a large lead solid volume. The measurement techniques used in this work, are based on the activation of elements in the lead volume and the subsequent gamma spectroscopy of the activated elements, and also by the detection of fission fragment traces. The development, of a Monte Carlo code makes it possible, on one hand, to better understand the relevant processes, and on the other hand, to validate the code, by comparison with measurements, for the design and the construction of...

  6. Search for mass-symmetric ternary fission in the reactions {sup 14}N(53 A MeV)+{sup 197}Au and {sup 232}Th

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Herbach, C.-M. E-mail: herbach@hmi.de; Hilscher, D.; Tishchenko, V.G.; Gippner, P.; Kamanin, D.V.; Oertzen, W. von; Ortlepp, H.-G.; Penionzhkevich, Yu.E.; Pyatkov, Yu.V.; Renz, G.; Schilling, K.D.; Strekalovsky, O.V.; Wagner, W.; Zhuchko, V.E

    2002-12-30

    Ternary fission of heavy hot composite systems with excitation energies of 1.5-2.5 MeV/amu has been studied in the reactions of {sup 14}N(53 A MeV) with {sup 197}Au and {sup 232}Th. The ternary yields have been explored as a function of the charge Z{sub L} of the lightest fragment: while Z{sub L} increases from 6 to 25, the cross sections decrease from 5 to 0.08 mb for N+Au and from 15 to 0.8 mb for N+Th. The velocity vector v{yields}{sub L} of the lightest fragment has been investigated in the rest frame of the other two heavier fragments. Two different components are observed: (i) an isotropic one with values of v{sub L} corresponding to the Coulomb repulsion from the combined heavier fragments before separation and, (ii) an anisotropic contribution with the lightest fragment emitted with lower v{sub L} perpendicular to the scission axis of the two heavier fragments. The latter component is distinguished from the isotropic one by an enhanced fraction of mass-symmetric ternary events and by up to 50 MeV lower total kinetic fragment energies. These features are indicative of a collinear stretched scission configuration, where the lightest fragment is positioned between the two heavier ones.

  7. Vertical and horizontal distribution of radionuclides ({sup 232}Th, {sup 238}U and {sup 40}K) in sediment from Manjung coastal water area Perak, Malaysia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abdullah, Anisa, E-mail: coppering@ymail.com; Hamzah, Zaini; Wood, Ab. Khalik [Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450, Shah Alam, Selangor (Malaysia); Saat, Ahmad [Faculty of Applied Sciences, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450, Shah Alam, Selangor (Malaysia); Institute of Science, Universiti Teknologi MARA, 40450 Shah Alam, Selangor (Malaysia)

    2016-01-22

    Distribution of radionuclides from anthropogenic activities has been widely studied in marine coastal area. Due to rapid population growth and socio-economic development in Manjung area such as coal fired power plant, iron foundries, port development, waste discharged from factories and agriculture runoff may contribute to increase in pollution rate. The radioactive materials from anthropogenic activities could deteriorate the quality of the marine ecosystem and thus lead to possible radiological health risk to the population. Radionuclides ({sup 232}Th, {sup 238}U and {sup 40}K) content in surface and profile sediment from Manjung coastal area was determined in this study. Radionuclides in sediment from seven locations were collected using sediment core sampling and measurements were carried out using Energy Dispersive X-ray Fluorescence (EDXRF) spectroscopy. The results show that the concentration of radionuclides in surface sediment and distribution trend of depth vertical profile sediment generally varies depending on locations. Enrichment factors (EF), geo-accumulation index (I{sub geo}) and pollution index (PI) were applied to determine level of pollution of this study area. The radiological risks related to human exposure were evaluated based on external hazard index (H{sub ex})

  8. 运河水系底质泥中~(226)Ra、~(232)Th、~(40)K 和~(137)Cs 含量的测定

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程祺钧; 虎银秀; 巫柱中; 刘瑞源; 朱福敏

    1989-01-01

    通过对河水、底质泥、悬浮物以及生物样品中放射性核素含量的分析测量,可以了解水系放射性的主要来源以及放射性物质在环境介质中的迁移规律。1984年我们在长江水系放射性水平调查中,分别于1月份(枯水期)和7、8月份(丰水期)对运河水系8个站位的底质泥取样分析,用 Ge(Li)γ谱仪测定了底质泥中~(226)Ra (~(238)U)、~(232)Th、~(40)K 和~(137)Cs 含量,其中~(238)U 含量是按~(238)U-~(226)Ra 达放射性平衡推算的。

  9. Characterization of {sup 238}U, {sup 232}Th, {sup 40}K, and {sup 226}Ra in NORM and Air Particulate Occurring from Phosphate Processing Facility

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jung, Yoon Hee; Lim, Jong Myoung; Ji, Young Yong; Kim, Hyun Cheol; Kim, Chang Jong; Park, Ji Yong; Chung, Kun Ho; Kang, Mun Ja [KAERI, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-05-15

    In this study, radio-activities of {sup 238}U, {sup 232}Th, {sup 40}K, and {sup 226}Ra occurring in raw materials and by-products at phosphate processing facility were complementally determined using ED-XRF, γ-spectrometry and ICP-MS method. Although the degree of immersion in the human body varies depending on the particle size and density, the particle size is especially used as a key factor in assessing dose. Thus, size distribution characteristics of {sup 238}U concentrations in airborne particulates collected at the phosphate processing facility were also evaluated. The naturally occurring radioactive materials (NORM) are widely spread throughout the environment, it occupies the largest part of public radioactivity exposure. According to report of the US National Academy of Sciences, 82% of the human radiation dose received annually comes from the natural radionuclides. Radiation exposure doses from natural radionuclides is not significantly concerned level compared to those from artificial radionuclides which could be released into the environment by nuclear tests and power plant accident. It could make a serious risk problem to unspecific public when exposed to the natural radionuclides during long-term period at high activity concentration levels. Therefore, it is essential to make a professional and systematic approach for the proper handling and diminution.

  10. {sup 230}Th, {sup 232}Th and {sup 238}U determinations in phosphoric acid fertilizer and process products by ICP-MS

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nascimento, Marcos R.L. do; Guerreiro, Luisa M.R.; Bonifacio, Rodrigo L.; Taddei, Maria H.T., E-mail: pmarcos@cnen.gov.br [Comissao Nacional de Energia Nuclear (LAPOC/CNEN-MG), Pocos de Caldas, MG (Brazil). Laboratorio de Pocos de Caldas

    2015-07-01

    Through processing of Santa Quiteria-CE mine phosphate rock, Brazil has established a project for production of phosphoric acid fertilizer and uranium as a by-product. Under leaching conditions of phosphate rock with sulfuric acid, which is the common route for preparing phosphoric acid fertilizer, a large part of uranium, thorium and their decay products naturally present in the rock are solubilized. In order to assess the contamination potential in phosphoric acid and others process products, this paper describes a previous precipitation and direct methods for routine analysis of thorium and uranium isotopes by ICP-MS. In all samples, {sup 230}Th, {sup 232}Th and {sup 238}U were directly determined after dilution, except {sup 230}Th in phosphoric acid loaded with uranium sample, which to overcome equipment contamination effect, was determined after its separation by oxalate precipitation using lanthanum as a carrier. The results obtained by the proposed method by ICP-MS, were in good agreement when compared to alpha spectrometry for {sup 230}Th, and ICP-OES and spectrophotometry with arsenazo III for elementary uranium and thorium determinations. (author)

  11. Uranium-238 and thorium-232 series concentrations in soil, radon-222 indoor and drinking water concentrations and dose assessment in the city of Aldama, Chihuahua, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Colmenero Sujo, L; Montero Cabrera, M E; Villalba, L; Rentería Villalobos, M; Torres Moye, E; García León, M; García-Tenorio, R; Mireles García, F; Herrera Peraza, E F; Sánchez Aroche, D

    2004-01-01

    High-resolution gamma spectrometry was used to determine the concentration of 40K, 238U and 232Th series in soil samples taken from areas surrounding the city of Aldama, in Chihuahua. Results of indoor air short-time sampling, with diffusion barrier charcoal detectors, revealed relatively high indoor radon levels, ranging from 29 to 422 Bq/m3; the radon concentrations detected exceeded 148 Bq/m3 in 76% of the homes tested. Additionally, liquid scintillation counting showed concentrations of radon in drinking water ranging from 4.3 to 42 kBq/m3. The high activity of 238U in soil found in some places may be a result of the uranium milling process performed 20 years ago in the area. High radon concentrations indoor and in water may be explained by assuming the presence of uranium-bearing rocks underneath of the city, similar to a felsic dike located near Aldama. The estimated annual effective dose of gamma radiation from the soil and radon inhalation was 3.83 mSv.

  12. How to Do Well the Job of Prevention and Cure of Psychosis in the Community-Add the Investigation and Analysis of 232 Cases of Psychosis%如何做好精神病病人社区防治工作--附232例精神病病人的调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    康健; 林玲

    2002-01-01

    通过对天河南街社区中232例精神病病人的调查分析,发现在各类精神病病人中,阿尔采末病的患病人数最多,其次为精神分裂症.无职业者患病率最高;较低文化层次的人群患病率也较高.讨论了精神病发病与社会环境心理因素的关系,以及提出了做好精神病病人社区防治工作的几点措施.

  13. Security and outcomes of interhopital transport of 232 critically ill children with congenital heart disease%探讨232例院际转运先天性心脏病危重患儿的安全性及其转归

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙跃玉; 昌艳军; 郭予雄; 钟敏泉; 何少茹

    2012-01-01

    Objectives To discuss the security of interhospital transport of critically ill children with congenital heart disease (CHD). Methods The clinical data, transport distance, duration and outcomes of 232 critically ill children with CHD who were transported from other hospitals in a period from August 2009 to July 2011 were analyzed retrospectively. Results Among 232 critically ill children with CHD, there were 152 males and 80 females;their ages ranged from 1 month to 12 years old (median 5 months); weights ranged from 2.5 kg to 25 kg (median 5.5 kg) ; transport durations ranged from 20 min to 990 min (median 156 min); transport distances ranged from 74 km to 620 km (median 204 km), and 47.2% of them were transported from hospitals 100 km to 200 km away (median 148 km). None of the patients died and all of them were hospitalized in the pediatric intensive care unit (PICU) of Guangdong General Hospital. There were 56 (24.1%) children required ventilation during transport. In the end, 220 patients were cured or improved, 9 of them gave up treatment, 3 of them died. Conclusions A specialized retrieval team with adequate preparation before transport, close observation and monitoring on the way can effectively lower mortality and disability rates of critically ill children with CHD and improve the security and outcomes of interhospital transport.%目的 探讨先天性心脏病危重症患儿院际转运的安全性.方法 回顾性分析2009年8月至2011年7月院际转运的232例先天性心脏病危重症患儿的转运前、中和到儿科监护病房(pediatric intensive care unit,PICU)后的临床资料、转运距离、时间和患儿的转归.结果 232例患儿,男152例,女80例;年龄1个月~12岁,中位年龄5个月;体质量2.5~25 kg,中位体质量5.5 kg;转运花费时间20~990 min,中位时间156 min;转运距离是74~620 km,中位距离204 km,其中47.2%的患儿转运距离100~200 km,中位距离148 km.转运过程中需要

  14. Crystal structure and biochemical features of dye-decolorizing peroxidase YfeX from Escherichia coli O157 Asp(143) and Arg(232) play divergent roles toward different substrates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiuhua; Yuan, Zenglin; Wang, Jiaxu; Cui, Yaqi; Liu, Shuang; Ma, Yinliang; Gu, Lichuan; Xu, Sujuan

    2017-02-26

    YfeX from Escherichia coli O157 is a bacterial dye-decolorizing peroxidase that represents both dye-decoloring activity and typical peroxidase activity. We reported the crystal structure of YfeX bound to heme at 2.09 Å resolution. The YfeX monomer resembles a ferredoxin-like fold and contains two domains. The three conserved residues surrounding the heme group are His(215), Asp(143) and Arg(232). His(215) functions as the proximal axial ligand of the heme iron atom. Biochemical data show that the catalytic significance of the conserved Asp(143) and Arg(232) depends on the substrate types and that YfeX may adopt various catalytic mechanisms toward divergent substrates. In addition, it is observed that an access tunnel spans from the protein molecular surface to the heme distal region, it serves as the passageway for the entrance and binding of the H2O2.

  15. Determination of the neutron capture cross sections of 232Th at 14.1 MeV and 14.8 MeV using the neutron activation method

    CERN Document Server

    Lan, Chang-Lin; Peng, Meng; Lv, Tao; Yao, Ze-en; Chen, Jin-Gen; Kong, Xiang-Zhong

    2016-01-01

    The 232Th(n,{\\gamma})233Th neutron capture reaction cross sections were measured at average neutron energies of 14.1 MeV and 14.8 MeV using the activation method. The neutron flux was determined using the monitor reaction 27Al(n,{\\alpha})24Na. The induced gamma-ray activities were measured using a low background gamma ray spectrometer equipped with a high resolution HPGe detector. The experimentally determined cross sections were compared with the literatures data, evaluated data of ENDF/B-VII, JENDL-4.0, and CENDL-3.1. The Excitation functions of 232Th(n,{\\gamma}) reaction were also calculated theoretically using the TALYS 1.6 computer code.

  16. A novel del(8)(q23.2q24.11) contributing to disease progression in a case of JAK2/TET2 double mutated chronic myelomonocytic leukemia

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Toft-Petersen, Marie; Kjeldsen, Eigil; Nederby, Line;

    2014-01-01

    We have identified a novel 7.7 Mb del(8)(q23.2q24.11) in a patient progressing to acute myeloid leukemia (AML) following a 12-year stable phase of chronic myelomonocytic leukemia (CMML). A surprisingly high JAK2+ allelic burden of 92% at the time of AML led us to delineate the molecular aberrations...... relevant for leukemogenesis. While a frameshift mutation in the TET2 gene was stably present throughout the course of disease the JAK2 mutation was acquired after initial diagnosis of CMML. At progression aCGH revealed del(8q)(q23.2q24.11) encompassing various cancer relevant genes of which RAD21 and CSMD3...

  17. 放射性核素土壤-植物吸收与钍、镭富集植物的发现%Uptake of Radionuclides from Soil to Plant and the Discovery of 226Ra, 232Th Hyperaccumulator

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张志强; 陈迪云; 宋刚; 岳玉美

    2011-01-01

    11 sorts of plant samples and corresponding soil samples were collected in Conghua and Taishan, Pearl River Delta. The specific activity of 238U、226Ra、232Th and 40K of samples were investigated by using HPGe-γ-ray spectra analysis. The results showed that the average specific activity of 238U, 226Ra, 232Th and 40K in soil samples were 151.8, 146. 3, 226. 6, 665.5 Bq/kg, which were higher than the average values of China and the world. The concentration of 238U in all sort of plants are very low and most of them are lower than detection limit, while the values of 226Ra, 232Th and 4OK were high. The contents of 226Ra and 232Th in Dicranopteris dichotoma were the highest, whose average specific activity is 285.9, 986. 2 Bq/kg respectively. The average bioconcentration factors (BFs)of 226Ra,232Th of Dicranopteris dichotoma were 2. 20, 4.23, respectively, the other 10 sort of plants have BFs of 226Ra, 232Th were in the range of 10 -1 -10-2. The bioconcentration factors and the translocation factors of 226Ra, 232Th of Dicranopteris dichotoma were all bigger than 1, so Dicranopteris dichotoma can be defined as hyperaccumulator of 226Ra and 232Th.%对采集珠江三角洲从化、台山等地的11种植物以及对应的土壤样品,采用HPGe-y能谱分析了其中的天然放射性核素U、Ra、Th和K的比活度,结果表明,土壤样品中U、Ra、Th和K的平均含量为151.8、146.3、226.6和665.5Bq/kg,高于我国和世界的平均值,植物样品中的U含量较低,大多数样品低于检出限,而Ra、Th和K的平均含量相对较高.铁芒萁(Dicranopteris dichotoma)样品中Ra、Th含量最高,平均值分别为285.9 Bq/kg、968.5 Bq/kg,对应的生物富集系数(bioconcentration factor)的平均值为2.20、4.23,而其它10种植物Ra、Th的生物富集系数均在10~10的范围.铁芒萁Ra和Th的富集系数和转移系数(translocation factor)都大于1,可以认为是Ra和Th的超富集植物.

  18. Measurement of 238U and 232Th in Petrol, Gas-oil and Lubricant Samples by Using Nuclear Track Detectors and Resulting Radiation Doses to the Skin of Mechanic Workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Misdaq, M A; Chaouqi, A; Ouguidi, J; Touti, R; Mortassim, A

    2015-10-01

    Workers in repair shops of vehicles (cars, buses, truck, etc.) clean carburetors, check fuel distribution, and perform oil changes and greasing. To explore the exposure pathway of (238)U and (232)Th and its decay products to the skin of mechanic workers, these radionuclides were measured inside petrol, gas-oil, and lubricant material samples by means of CR-39 and LR-115 type II solid state nuclear track detectors (SSNTDs), and corresponding annual committed equivalent doses to skin were determined. The maximum total equivalent effective dose to skin due to the (238)U and (232)Th series from the application of different petrol, gas-oil, and lubricant samples by mechanic workers was found equal to 1.2 mSv y(-1) cm(-2).

  19. 新型RS232无线连接器——一种近距离无线通讯器件(SRD)的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程成

    2004-01-01

    本文讨论一种被称为近距离无线通讯设备(SRD)的无线通讯器件,芯片中集成了微处理器。对于DIY一族来说,这一器件使得采用无线RS232方式连接家用设备成为现实。

  20. [Short and long-term results of liver resection for hepatocarcinoma in Peru: a Peruvian single center experience on 232 cases].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz, Eloy; Sanchez, Juvenal; Celis, Juan; Payet, Eduardo; Berrospi, Francisco; Chavez, Ivan; Young, Frank

    2007-01-01

    To evaluate the short and long term outcome of liver resections for hepatocellular carcinoma a retrospective analysis was performed on 232 consecutive patients with hepatocellular carcinoma resected between January 1990 and December 2006 at the Department of Abdomen of the Instituto de Enfermedades Neoplasicas of Lima Peru. Disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were determined by Kaplan-Meier method, Prognostic factors were evaluated using univariate and multivariate analysis The median age was 36 years. 44.2% were associated with hepatitis B, only 16.3% had cirrhosis. The median size of the tumors was 15 cm. The median value of AFP was 5,467 ng/ml. The majority of patients underwent a major hepatectomy (74.2 % had four or more segments resected)Overall morbidity and mortality were 13.7% and 5.3% respectively. After a median follow-up of 40 months, tumour recurrence appeared in 53.3% of the patients. The 1, 3, and 5 year overall survival rates were 66.5%, 38.7% and 26.7%respectively. The 1, 3, and 5 year disease-free survival rates were 53.7%, 27.6%, and 19.9%. On multivariate analysis, presence of multiple nodules (p<0.000), cirrhosis (p=0.001), and macroscopic vascular invasion (p=0.001) were found to be independent prognostic factors related to a worse long-term survival. Surgical resection is the optimal therapy for large HCC and can be safely performed with a reasonable long-term survival.

  1. Distribution of {sup 226} Ra, {sup 232} Th, {sup 40} K and {sup 137} Cs in soils of Province of Camaguey, Cuba

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Flores, Osvaldo Brigido; Barreras Caballero, Aldo A.; Montalvan Estrada, Adelmo; Queipo Garcia, Maite [Ministerio da Ciencia, Tecnologia y Medio Ambiente, Camaguey (Cuba). Centro de Atencion a la Actividad Nuclear. Lab. de Vigilancia Radiologica Ambiental]. E-mail: sean@caonao.cmw.inf.cu; Zerquera, Juan Tomas [Centro de Proteccion y Higiene de las Radiaciones, La Habana (Cuba)

    2001-07-01

    A survey programme aimed at studying the environmental radioactivity in the Province of Camaguey in the eastern region of Cuba was undertaken. The average concentrations of {sup 226} Ra, {sup 232} Th, and {sup 40} K in the surveyed soils were 26.4, 11.5 and 210 Bq.kg{sup -1}, respectively. The man-made radionuclide found was {sup 137} Cs and its concentration was similar to those reported in regions affected only by global radioactive fallout, (7.9 Bq.kg{sup -1}). Radiological measurements carried out with a portable ionization chamber RSS-112 at the sampled sites revealed an average outdoor absorbed dose rate of 59.0 nGy.h{sup -1} due to cosmic rays and terrestrial gamma radiation. Computed dose rates obtained through the UNSCEAR(1993) dose coefficients range from 4-182 nGy.h{sup -1}, with a mean value of 27.8 nGy.h{sup -1}, due to natural terrestrial gamma radiation. Ratio of Indoor to Outdoor absorbed dose rates in air was 1.75. The average value of absorbed dose rate in air for the ionizing component of cosmic rays was 31.8 nGy.h{sup -1} at sea level. Because of the 95% of the Camaguey population lives at altitudes close to sea level (10-100 m), the absorbed dose rate in outdoor air from ionizing component of cosmic rays was estimated to be 32.3 nGy.h{sup -1}. An annual average effective dose equivalent of 510 {mu}Sv was estimated for Camaguey population due to the ionizing component of cosmic and gamma terrestrial radiation. This value is lower than the 760 {mu}Sv.year{sup -1} estimated as a world average by UNSCEAR (1993). (author)

  2. Automated cGMP-compliant radiosynthesis of [(18) F]-(E)-PSS232 for brain PET imaging of metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Jun Young; Son, Jeongmin; Yun, Mijin; Ametamey, Simon M; Chun, Joong-Hyun

    2017-09-25

    (E)-3-(Pyridin-2-yl ethynyl)cyclohex-2-enone O-(3-(2-[(18) F]-fluoroethoxy)propyl) oxime ([(18) F]-(E)-PSS232, [(18) F]2a) is a recently developed radiotracer that can be used to visualize metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGlu5 ) in vivo. The mGlu5 has become an attractive therapeutic and diagnostic target owing to its role in many neuropsychiatric disorders. Several carbon-11- and fluorine-18-labelled radiotracers have been developed to measure mGlu5 receptor occupancy in the human brain. The radiotracer [(18) F]2a, which is used as an analogue for [(11) C]ABP688 ([(11) C]1) and has a longer physical half-life, is a selective radiotracer that exhibits high binding affinity for mGlu5 . Herein, we report the fully automated radiosynthesis of [(18) F]2a using a commercial GE TRACERlab(TM) FX-FN synthesizer for routine production and distribution to nearby satellite clinics. Nucleophilic substitution of the corresponding mesylate precursor with cyclotron-produced [(18) F]fluoride ion at 100 °C in dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), followed by high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) purification and formulation, readily provided [(18) F]2a with a radiochemical yield of 40 ± 2% (decay corrected, n = 5) at the end of synthesis. Radiochemical purity for the [(18) F]-(E)-conformer was greater than 95%. Molar activity was determined to be 63.6 ± 9.6 GBq/μmol (n = 5), and the overall synthesis time was 70 min. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  3. High-resolution dating of Co-rich crusts: A comparative study using the methods of orbital pacing and 230Thex/232Th dating

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Due to their slow growth rates, seamount Co-rich crusts are very difficult to date with high resolution and precision. This paper is to test the use of orbital pacing on the growth profile of crusts to determine high-resolution age and growth rate. Crust CB14 from the central Pacific Ocean was selected for this study. We first examined the growth pattern in detail under a reflected-light microscope and ascertained that the growth environment was stable for the sub-layer 1 (0-3 mm). We then used electron micro-probe line-scanning to obtain elemental profiles. The pattern of the power spectrum analysis of the Al-profile revealed that there are significant cycles of 113.9, 87.8, 51.5, 42.2 and 25.8 μm. These cycles correspond to the Milankovitch cycles of 53.1, 41, 24, 19.7 and 12 ka, respectively, and yield the growth rate of about 2.14 mm/Ma and an age of about 1.40 Ma for the boundary between the sub-layer 1 and sub-layer 2. We also used a drilling machine with a numerically controlled drive to obtain high-resolution samples at 0.1mm intervals, and used the 230Thex/232Th method to date the samples. For the uppermost 1.3 mm, the growth rate was about 2.15 mm/Ma, and the age for the layer at the depth of 3 mm was about 1.40 Ma, which coincides perfectly with the results obtained from orbital pacing. Thus, it is considered that orbital pacing is a new and effective method to determine the growth rate of the seamount Co-rich crust. This method is applicable for establishing a high-resolution age frame for the crusts of the world’s oceans.

  4. High-resolution dating of Co-rich crusts: A comparative study using the methods of orbital pacing and 230Thex/232Th dating

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAN XiQiu; QIU ZhongYan; MA WeiLin; QIAN JiangChu

    2009-01-01

    Due to their slow growth rates, seamount Co-rich crusts are very difficult to date with high resolution and precision. This paper is to test the use of orbital pacing on the growth profile of crusts to determine high-resolution age and growth rate. Crust CB14 from the central Pacific Ocean was selected for this study. We first examined the growth pattern in detail under a reflected-light microscope and ascertained that the growth environment was stable for the sub-layer 1 (0-3 mm). We then used electron micro-probe line-scanning to obtain elemental profiles. The pattern of the power spectrum analysis of the AI-profile revealed that there are significant cycles of 113.9, 87.8, 51.5, 42.2 and 25.8 pro. These cycles correspond to the Milankovitch cycles of 53.1, 41,24, 19.7 and 12 ka, respectively, and yield the growth rate of about 2.14 mm/Ma and an age of about 1.40 Ma for the boundary between the sub-layer 1 and sub-layer 2. We also used a drilling machine with a numerically controlled drive to obtain high-resolution samples at 0.1 mm intervals, and used the 230Thex/232Th method to date the samples. For the uppermost 1.3 mm, the growth rate was about 2.15 mm/Ma, and the age for the layer at the depth of 3 mm was about 1.40 Ma, which coincides perfectly with the results obtained from orbital pacing. Thus, it is considered that orbital pacing is a new and effective method to determine the growth rate of the seamount Co-rich crust. This method is applicable for establishing a high-resolution age frame for the crusts of the world's oceans.

  5. Impact of inhomogeneous static magnetic field (31.7-232.0 mT) exposure on human neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells during cisplatin administration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vergallo, Cristian; Ahmadi, Meysam; Mobasheri, Hamid; Dini, Luciana

    2014-01-01

    Beneficial or adverse effects of Static Magnetic Fields (SMFs) are a large concern for the scientific community. In particular, the effect of SMF exposure during anticancer therapies still needs to be fully elucidated. Here, we evaluate the effects of SMF at induction levels that cisPt-treated cancer patients experience during the imaging process conducted in Low field (200-500 mT), Open field (300-700 mT) and/or inhomogeneous High field (1.5-3 T) Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) machines. Human adrenergic neuroblastoma SH-SY5Y cells treated with 0.1 µM cisPt (i.e. the lowest concentration capable of inducing apoptosis) were exposed to SMF and their response was studied in vitro. Exposure of 0.1 µM cisPt-treated cells to SMF for 2 h decreased cell viability (30%) and caused overexpression of the apoptosis-related cleaved caspase-3 protein (46%). Furthermore, increase in ROS (Reactive Oxygen Species) production (23%) and reduction in the number of mitochondria vs controls were seen. The sole exposure of SMF for up to 24 h had no effect on cell viability but increased ROS production and modified cellular shape. On the other hand, the toxicity of cisPt was significantly prevented during 24 h exposure to SMF as shown by the levels of cell viability, cleaved caspase-3 and ROS production. In conclusion, due to the cytoprotective effect of 31.7-232.0 mT SMF on low-cisPt-concentration-treated SH-SY5Y cells, our data suggest that exposure to various sources of SMF in cancer patients under a cisPt regimen should be strictly controlled.

  6. Allanite from the El Muerto Pegmatite, Oaxaca, Mexico: A Potential New Standard for 232Th-208Pb Dating by LA-ICP-MS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Price, J.; Crowley, J. L.; Solari, L.; Prol-Ledesma, R.

    2012-12-01

    Allanite dating may be important to studies addressing tectonomagmatic evolution, provenance of monocyclic sediment, and mineral weathering. Obtaining accurate allanite ages by SIMS has been challenging and time-consuming due to the mineral's extreme chemical variability which often prevents finding adequately matrix-matched standards. Isotopic measurements by LA-ICP-MS minimize the need for standards of nearly identical composition to the unknown allanite being analyzed, and it is done relatively rapidly. Dating by LA-ICP-MS requires high quality standards for isotopic fractionation corrections. However, readily accessible and well characterized allanite standards are scarce. We investigated gemstone allanite from the El Muerto pegmatite, Oaxaca, Mexico, as a potential new geochronology standard for 232Th-208Pb allanite dating by LA-ICP-MS. Compositional homogeneity was thoroughly investigated by scanning and backscatter electron microscopy, cathodoluminescence, quantitative and qualitative energy dispersive x-ray spectroscopy, electron microprobe, and LA-ICP-MS. The possibility of metamictization was investigated by extensive X-ray diffraction analyses. The El Muerto allanite was U-Pb dated by ID-TIMS, with common Pb ratios determined from cogenetic K-feldspar by ID-TIMS and LA-MC-ICP-MS. Future work includes Th-Pb dating by ID-TIMS. The samples investigated are homogeneous with respect to major and trace elements. Major element compositional results are generally in agreement with published values, and no metamictization was identified despite the allanite being nearly 1 Ga. The only limitation of the El Muerto allanite is that it contains small, generally <100 μm, scarce inclusions of quartz, calciothorite, albite, calcite, and biotite. However, these grains are easily recognized and avoided during LA-ICP-MS analyses. Based on these results, the El Muerto allanite has the potential to serve as a standard for LA-ICP-MS dating.

  7. 高分辨电感耦合等离子体质谱法测定铀矿石样品中234U/238U、230Th/232 Th和228Ra/226Ra同位素比值%Determination of 234U/238U、230Th/232Th、228Ra/226Ra Ratios in Uranium Ores by High-resolution Inductively Coupled PlasmaMass Spectrometry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭冬发; 张彦辉; 武朝晖; 朱明燕; 王玉学; 崔建勇; 谭靖

    2009-01-01

    采用氢氟酸-硝酸-盐酸混合酸密闭消解含铀矿石样品,用阴离子交换树脂、阳离子交换树脂和锶特效树脂逐级分离富集铀、钍和镭.使用高分辨电感耦合等离子体质谱(HR-ICPMS)测定分离纯化液中234 U/238 U、230 Th/232 Th和228 Ra/226 Ra同位素.比值的测量精密度取决于比值的大小和对应核素浓度的大小.对质量浓度为10 ng/mL天然铀测量液,234 U/238 U的测量精密度优于1.2%;对230 Th质量浓度为0.6ng/mL且瑚230 Th和232 Th质量浓度接近的测量液,230 Th/232 Th的测量精密度为1.2%;对228 Ra质量浓度为0.48 pg/mL且228 Ra和226 Ra质量浓度接近的测量液,228 Ra/226 Ra的测量精密度为4.0%.

  8. 一维贫铀/聚乙烯交替系统中D-T中子诱发的232Th(n,γ)反应率的测定与分析%Determination of 232Th(n, γ) reaction rate induced by D-T neutrons in one-dimensional alternate depleted uranium/p olyethylene shells

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    羊奕伟; 刘荣; 蒋励; 鹿心鑫; 王玫; 严小松

    2014-01-01

    A series of neutron integral fundamental researches of thorium nuclear data in set-ups containing thorium samples is carried out. One-dimensional alternate depleted uranium/polyethylene shells containing thorium samples are constructed by referring to the conceptual design of fusion-fission hybrid reactor, where a D-T neutron source driven by accelerator is used to simulate the fusion core of the reactor. 232Th (n,γ) reaction rates in samples located at different positions in the shells are measured in 5% uncertainty by using activated thorium sample decay γ-ray off-line measurement technique. The results show that the moderation of polyethylene to 14.1 MeV neutron will efficiently increase the capture rate of thorium, and the depleted uranium is also conducible to this increase obviously. The comparison between our measured data and the results available from mainstream nuclear data bank shows that the calculation results from ENDF/B-VI.6 and JENDL-3.3 are around 6% higher than the experimental results, while the newer ENDF/B-VII.0 will achieve better results, around 4% higher than the experimental results. We recommend the ENDF/B-VII.0 to be used in one-dimensional alternate depleted uranium/polyethylene shells related conceptual design when calculating the 232Th (n,γ) reaction rate.%开展了钍样品装置内钍核参数的积分中子学基础研究.参考混合堆概念设计搭建了内部放置了钍样品的一维贫铀/聚乙烯交替系统装置,采用加速器D-T中子源模拟聚变堆芯,利用前期开发的离线伽马测量方法测定了不同位置、不同中子谱情况下的232Th (n,γ)反应率,不确定度约为5%.结果显示,聚乙烯对14.1 MeV中子的慢化作用可有效提升钍俘获率,且贫铀对钍俘获率也有显著提升作用.实验结果与主流核数据库计算结果的对比显示, ENDF/B-VI.6和JENDL-3.3数据库的计算值比实验值平均约大6%,而较新的ENDF/B-VII.0数据库的计

  9. Assessment of natural radionuclides concentration from {sup 238}U and {sup 232}Th series in Virginia and Burley varieties of Nicotiana tabacum L; Avaliacao da concentracao dos radionuclideos naturais das series do {sup 238}U e {sup 232}Th nas variedades Burley e Virginia da Nicotiana tabacum L.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Carolina Fernanda da

    2015-07-01

    Brazil is the largest exporter and second largest producer of tobacco worldwide, according to the crop production of 2013/2014. The tobacco plant (Nicotiana tabacum L.) is used to manufacture all derivatives and the chemical composition of the resulting tobacco products varies with the type of tobacco leaves, how they are grown, the region where they are cultivated, the characteristics of preparation (compression, filter and paper) and the temperature variations resulting from the incomplete combustion of tobacco. Tobacco products are extensively used throughout the world, and the most consumed are cigarettes, cigars and narghile. The damaging effects that these products cause to human health are discussed globally, and many surveys are performed with the aim of relating the use of these products with various illnesses. There is a lack of information about the radiological characterization of the tobacco plant both in international and Brazilian literature. The objective of this study was to determine the concentration of radionuclides {sup 238}U, {sup 234}U, {sup 230}Th, {sup 22}'6Ra, {sup 210}Pb and {sup 210}Po, members from the {sup 238}U decay series, and the radionuclides {sup 232}Th and {sup 228}Ra members of the {sup 232}Th decay series in the varieties Burley and Virginia, which are the most cultivated in Brazil. Plants from these varieties were cultivated in pots with organic substrate and fertilizer and also acquired from the producers and analyzed by alpha spectrometry for U and Th isotopes and {sup 210}Po determination, and gross alpha and beta counting, {sup 228}Ra, {sup 226}Ra and {sup 210}Pb determination. The whole plant, from both places, was analyzed; root, stem, leaves, as well as the organic substrate, the fertilizers, and the soil. The results for U and Th isotopes presented values below the detection limits of the methods to the leaves and stems of all plants analyzed, with measurable results only in roots, soil, and substrate. The

  10. {sup 226}Ra, {sup 232}Th and {sup 40}K contents and radon exhalation rate from materials used for construction and decoration in Cameroon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ngachin, M; Njock, M G Kwato [Center for Atomic, Molecular Physics and Quantum Optics, University of Douala, PO Box 8580, Douala (Cameroon); Garavaglia, M; Giovani, C; Scruzzi, E [Regional Agency for Environmental Protection (ARPA), 91 via Tavagnacco, 33100 Udine (Italy); Nourreddine, A [Institut Pluridisciplinaire Hubert-Curien, UMR7178 CNRS-IN2P3 and Universite Louis Pasteur, 23 rue de Loess, BP 28, F-67037, Strasbourg cedex 02 (France); Lagos, L [Applied Research Center, Florida International University, 10555 W Flagler Street, EC 2100, Miami, FL 33174 (United States)], E-mail: mngachin@yahoo.com

    2008-09-01

    This work deals with the measurement of radioactivity and radon exhalation rate from building materials manufactured in Douala city from geological materials. Nine types of building material were surveyed for their natural radioactivity contents using high-resolution gamma-ray spectrometry. The activity concentrations for {sup 226}Ra, {sup 232}Th and {sup 40}K varied from 11.5 to 49 Bq kg{sup -1}, 16 to 37 Bq kg{sup -1} and 306 to 774 Bq kg{sup -1}, respectively. The absorbed dose rate in the samples investigated at 1 m above ground level ranged from 28.5 to 66.6 nGy h{sup -1}. External and internal hazard indices were also estimated as defined by the European Commission. The Ra equivalents of the materials studied ranged from 57.5 to 133 Bq kg{sup -1} and are much smaller than the recommended limit of 370 Bq kg{sup -1} for construction materials for dwellings. Polycarbonate nuclear track detectors (NTDs), type CR-39, were used for measuring the radon concentration from different materials. In fact, knowledge of the radon exhalation rate from building materials is important for understanding the individual contribution of each material to the total indoor radon exposure. Samples were hermetically closed in glass vessels and the radon growth was followed as a function of time. The radon exhalation rate was therefore derived from the experimental measurement of {alpha}-track densities. The radon exhalation varied from (5.77 {+-} 0.06) x 10{sup -5} to (7.61 {+-} 0.07) x 10{sup -5} Bq cm{sup -2} h{sup -1} in bricks, from (5.79 {+-} 0.05) x 10{sup -5} to (11.6 {+-} 0.12) x 10{sup -5} in tiles, and was (6.95 {+-} 0.03) x 10{sup -5} Bq cm{sup -2} h{sup -1} in concrete. A correlation (correlation coefficient approx. = 0.8) was found between radium concentration measured with a HPGe detector and the radon exhalation rate obtained using nuclear track detectors.

  11. (226)Ra, (232)Th and (40)K contents and radon exhalation rate from materials used for construction and decoration in Cameroon.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ngachin, M; Garavaglia, M; Giovani, C; Nourreddine, A; Kwato Njock, M G; Scruzzi, E; Lagos, L

    2008-09-01

    This work deals with the measurement of radioactivity and radon exhalation rate from building materials manufactured in Douala city from geological materials. Nine types of building material were surveyed for their natural radioactivity contents using high-resolution gamma-ray spectrometry. The activity concentrations for (226)Ra, (232)Th and (40)K varied from 11.5 to 49 Bq kg(-1), 16 to 37 Bq kg(-1) and 306 to 774 Bq kg(-1), respectively. The absorbed dose rate in the samples investigated at 1 m above ground level ranged from 28.5 to 66.6 nGy h(-1). External and internal hazard indices were also estimated as defined by the European Commission. The Ra equivalents of the materials studied ranged from 57.5 to 133 Bq kg(-1) and are much smaller than the recommended limit of 370 Bq kg(-1) for construction materials for dwellings. Polycarbonate nuclear track detectors (NTDs), type CR-39, were used for measuring the radon concentration from different materials. In fact, knowledge of the radon exhalation rate from building materials is important for understanding the individual contribution of each material to the total indoor radon exposure. Samples were hermetically closed in glass vessels and the radon growth was followed as a function of time. The radon exhalation rate was therefore derived from the experimental measurement of alpha-track densities. The radon exhalation varied from (5.77 +/- 0.06) x 10(-5) to (7.61 +/- 0.07) x 10(-5) Bq cm(-2) h(-1) in bricks, from (5.79 +/- 0.05) x 10(-5) to (11.6 +/- 0.12) x 10(-5) in tiles, and was (6.95 +/- 0.03) x 10(-5) Bq cm(-2) h(-1) in concrete. A correlation (correlation coefficient approximately 0.8) was found between radium concentration measured with a HPGe detector and the radon exhalation rate obtained using nuclear track detectors.

  12. 210Pb- 226Ra and 228Ra- 232Th systematics in young arc lavas: implications for magma degassing and ascent rates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turner, Simon; Black, Stuart; Berlo, Kim

    2004-10-01

    New data show that island arc rocks have ( 210Pb/ 226Ra) o ratios which range from as low as 0.24 up to 2.88. In contrast, ( 228Ra/ 232Th) appears always within error of 1 suggesting that the large 226Ra-excesses observed in arc rocks were generated more than 30 years ago. This places a maximum estimate on melt ascent velocities of around 4000 m/year and provides further confidence that the 226Ra excesses reflect deep (source) processes rather than shallow level alteration or seawater contamination. Conversely, partial melting must have occurred more than 30 years prior to eruption. The 210Pb deficits are most readily explained by protracted magma degassing. Using published numerical models, the data suggest that degassing occurred continuously for periods up to several decades just prior to eruption but no link with eruption periodicity was found. Longer periods are required if degassing is discontinuous, less than 100% efficient or if magma is recharged or stored after degassing. The long durations suggest much of this degassing occurs at depth with implications for the formation of hydrothermal and copper-porphyry systems. A suite of lavas erupted in 1985-1986 from Sangeang Api volcano in the Sunda arc are characterised by deficits of 210Pb relative to 226Ra from which 6-8 years of continuous 222Rn degassing would be inferred from recent numerical models. These data also form a linear ( 210Pb)/Pb-( 226Ra)/Pb array which might be interpreted as a 71-year isochron. However, the array passes through the origin suggesting displacement downwards from the equiline in response to degassing and so the slope of the array is inferred not to have any age significance. Simple modelling shows that the range of ( 226Ra)/Pb ratios requires thousands of years to develop consistent with differentiation occurring in response to cooling at the base of the crust. Thus, degassing post-dated, and was not responsible for magma differentiation. The formation, migration and extraction

  13. Preclinical evaluation and test-retest studies of [{sup 18}F]PSS232, a novel radioligand for targeting metabotropic glutamate receptor 5 (mGlu{sub 5})

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Milicevic Sephton, Selena; Mueller Herde, Adrienne; Keller, Claudia; Ruedisuehli, Sonja; Schibli, Roger; Kraemer, Stefanie D.; Ametamey, Simon M. [Center for Radiopharmaceutical Sciences of ETH, PSI and USZ, Zurich (Switzerland); Mu, Linjing [University Hospital Zuerich, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Zuerich (Switzerland); Auberson, Yves [Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Novartis Pharma AG, Basel (Switzerland)

    2015-01-15

    A novel, {sup 18}F-labelled metabotropic glutamate receptor subtype 5 (mGlu{sub 5}) derivative of [{sup 11}C]ABP688 ([{sup 11}C]1), [{sup 18}F]PSS232 ([{sup 18}F]5), was evaluated in vitro and in vivo for its potential as a PET agent and was used in test-retest reliability studies The radiosynthesis of [{sup 18}F]5 was accomplished via a one-step reaction using a mesylate precursor. In vitro stability was determined in PBS and plasma, and with liver microsomal enzymes. Metabolite studies were performed using rat brain extracts, blood and urine. In vitro autoradiography was performed on horizontal slices of rat brain using 1 and 8, antagonists for mGlu{sub 5} and mGlu{sub 1}, respectively. Small-animal PET, biodistribution, and test-retest studies were performed in Wistar rats. In vivo, dose-dependent displacement studies were performed using 6 and blocking studies with 7. [{sup 18}F]5 was obtained in decay-corrected maximal radiochemical yield of 37 % with a specific activity of 80 - 400 GBq/μmol. Treatment with rat and human microsomal enzymes in vitro for 60 min resulted in 20 % and 4 % of hydrophilic radiometabolites, respectively. No hydrophilic decomposition products or radiometabolites were found in PBS or plasma. In vitro autoradiography on rat brain slices showed a heterogeneous distribution consistent with the known distribution of mGlu{sub 5} with high binding to hippocampal and cortical regions, and negligible radioactivity in the cerebellum. Similar distribution of radioactivity was found in PET images. Under displacement conditions with 6, reduced [{sup 18}F]5 binding was found in all brain regions except the cerebellum. 7 reduced binding in the striatum by 84 % on average. Test-retest studies were reproducible with a variability ranging from 6.8 % to 8.2 %. An extended single-dose toxicity study in Wistar rats showed no compound-related adverse effects. The new mGlu{sub 5} radiotracer, [{sup 18}F]5, showed specific and selective in vitro and in vivo

  14. 232Th、233U、238Pu、240Pu、242Pu、241Am、242Cm、243Cm和244Cm的裂变释放热能研究%Thermal Energy Released in Fission of 232 Th,233 U,238 Pu, 240 Pu,242 Pu,241 Am,242 Cm,243 Cm and 244 Cm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵艳飞; 马续波; 陈义学

    2013-01-01

    In the nuclear reactor design ,the precise calculation of thermal fission energy is of great significance .In the pressurized water reactor ,high energy neutron-induced fission rarely occurs ,the isotopes including 233 U ,241 Am and 243 Cm are mostly induced by thermal neutrons ,while the other isotopes such as 232Th ,238Pu ,240Pu ,242Pu ,242Cm and 244 Cm are by fast neutron . In order to carry out this work , the nuclear data extracted from the latest evaluated nuclear data file (ENDF/B-Ⅶ ) were adopted ,and the energy-conservation law for the calculation of total fission energy were used , meanw hile ,with the consideration of capture energy and the correction of βand γ ,the thermal fission energy of nine isotopes was obtained .Compared with the data excerpted from IAEA issued WIMS-D database ,the results are reasonable .The thermal fission energy and its uncertainties of the nine isotopes are :(193.939 ± 0.176) MeV for 232 Th , (200.063 ± 0.084) MeV for 233 U ,(208.786 ± 1.133 ) MeV for 238 Pu ,(211.266 ± 0.220 ) MeV for 240 Pu ,(213.862 ± 0.299 ) MeV for 242 Pu ,(215.077 ± 0.210 ) MeV for 241 Am ,(218.821 ± 0.159) MeV for 242Cm ,(218.525 ± 0.388) MeV for 243Cm ,and (220.067 ± 0.131) MeV for 244 Cm ,respectively .%在核反应堆设计中,对每次裂变释放热能进行精确计算具有重要意义。在压水堆内,高能中子诱发核裂变份额很小,233 U、241 Am、243 Cm主要由热中子诱发裂变,232 T h、238 Pu、240 Pu、242 Pu、242 Cm、244 Cm主要由快中子诱发裂变。本文采用最新的核评价数据库 ENDF/B-Ⅶ,利用质量守恒法计算裂变释放总能,同时研究了中微子带走的能量,中子俘获能及β、γ修正项,最终给出了9种核素裂变释放热能。与IAEA颁布的WIMS-D格式数据库中的裂变释放热能数据的对比表明,本文所用方法计算结果合理。9种核素每次裂变释放热能分别为:232 Th ,(193.939±0.176) MeV ;233 U ,(200.063

  15. Concentration in activity of {sup 137} Cs, {sup 40} K, {sup 232} Th, {sup 226} Ra in waste deposits of the benefits of minerals in the State of Zacatecas; Concentracion en actividad de {sup 137} Cs, {sup 40} K, {sup 232} Th, {sup 226} Ra en depositos de desecho del beneficio de minerales en el Estado de Zacatecas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Leal, B.; Mireles, F.; Quirino, L.; Davila, I.; Ramirez, F. [UAZ, A.P. 579C, 98068 Zacatecas (Mexico)

    2003-07-01

    The necessity to report the changes in the contained radionuclides in the terrestrial crust, or those deposited by the atomic tests around the world, becomes clear when observing the use of material of waste of those mines. With the purpose of quantifying the concentration in activity its were meet a series of waste samples in mines of the municipalities of Zacatecas, Fresnillo, Guadalupe and Veta Grande of the state of Zacatecas, Mexico. The analysis was carried out by gamma spectrometry with a HPGe detector with a resolution of 1.9 keV corresponding to an energy of 1.33 MeV calibrated in efficiency and energy by means of a certified standard multi nuclide in activity with identical geometry to that of the samples. The times of count are of 80000 seconds, with the purpose of to reduce the relative uncertainties and to define well the interest regions. The activity of {sup 226} Ra and {sup 232} Th is obtained through the one {sup 214} Bi and {sup 228} Ac respectively, the concentration was also measured in activity of the one {sup 40} K and the {sup 137} Cs in units of Bq kg{sup -1}. (Author)

  16. Non-variable TeV emission from the extended jet of a blazar in the stochastic acceleration scenario: the case of the hard TeV emission of 1ES 1101-232

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Dahai; Zeng, Houdun; Zhang, Li

    2012-08-01

    The detections of X-ray emission from the kiloparsec-scale jets of blazars and radio galaxies could imply the existence of high-energy electrons in these extended jets, and these electrons could produce high-energy emission through the inverse Compton (IC) process. In this paper, we study the non-variable hard TeV emission from a blazar. The multiband emission consists of two components: (i) the traditional synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) emission from the inner jet; (ii) the emission produced via SSC and IC scattering of cosmic microwave background (CMB) photons (IC/CMB) and extragalactic background light (EBL) photons by relativistic electrons in the extended jet under the stochastic acceleration scenario. Such a model is applied to 1ES 1101-232. The results indicate the following. (i) The non-variable hard TeV emission of 1ES 1101-232, which is dominated by IC/CMB emission from the extended jet, can be reproduced well by using three characteristic values of the Doppler factor (δD = 5, 10 and 15) for the TeV-emitting region in the extended jet. (ii) In the cases of δD = 15 and 10, the physical parameters can achieve equipartition (or quasi-equipartition) between the relativistic electrons and the magnetic field. In contrast, the physical parameters largely deviate from equipartition for the case of δD = 5. Therefore, we conclude that the TeV emission region of 1ES 1101-232 in the extended jet should be moderately or highly beamed.

  17. Measurement of neutron-induced fission cross-sections of Th232, U238, U233 and Np237 relative to U235 from 1 MeV to 200 MeV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shcherbakov, O.A.; Laptev, A.B.; Petrov, G.A. [Petersburg Nuclear Physics Inst., Gatchina, Leningrad district (Russian Federation); Fomichev, A.V.; Donets, A.Y.; Osetrov, O.I.

    1998-11-01

    The measurements of neutron-induced cross-section ratios for Th232, U238, U233 and Np237 relative to U235 have been carried out in the energy range from 1 MeV up to 200 MeV using the neutron time-of-flight spectrometer GNEIS based on 1 GeV proton synchrocyclotron. Below 20 MeV, the results of present measurements are roughly in agreement with evaluated data though there are some discrepances to be resolved. (author)

  18. Quantification of {sup 232}Th, {sup 234}U, {sup 235}U and {sup 238}U in river mollusks by magnetic sector mass spectrometry with inductively coupled plasma source (Icp-SFMS); Cuantificacion de {sup 232}Th, {sup 234}U, {sup 235}U y {sup 238}U en moluscos de rios por espectrometria de masas de sector magnetico con fuente de plasma acoplado inductivamente (ICP-SFMS)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arevalo R, D. L.; Hernandez M, H.; Romero G, E. T.; Lara A, N. [ININ, Carretera Mexico-Toluca s/n, 52750 Ocoyoacac, Estado de Mexico (Mexico); Alfaro de la T, M. C., E-mail: arevalo0591@hotmail.com [Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosi, Dr. Salvador Nava s/n, Zona Universitaria, 78290 San Luis Potosi, SLP (Mexico)

    2016-09-15

    The present work deals with the methodology established for the quantification of {sup 232}Th, {sup 234}U, {sup 238}U and {sup 235}U in the shell of gastropod mollusks collected in the rivers Valles, Coy and Axtla of San Luis Potosi, Mexico, which belong to the Panuco River basin; these rivers have as main source of pollution the discharge of municipal sewage, waste from small industries, agricultural and cattle residues and from natural sources. Conventional methods for measuring radio-nuclides are confronted with certain conditions related to the requirement in measurement, basically in the characterization that is related to the concepts of precision and accuracy. The analysis of the gastropod mollusk shell was performed by the Icp-SFMS technique; the main advantages of this technique lie in the isotope quantification capacity, the high precision and the low limits of detection, in this study are very important because these elements are in concentrations between ppb and ppt. This technique allowed the analysis of the samples having a complex matrix by the presence CaCO{sub 3} minimizing the interferences thanks to the ionization efficiency of the Ar plasma. For the species Pachychilus monachus were found concentrations of {sup 232}Th of 0.16-5.37 μg/g and of total U of 0.101-4.081 μg/g being this species where the highest values of total U were found. For Thiara (melanoids) tuberculata the lowest values were found among the different species ({sup 232}Th 0.61-3.61 μg/g and total U 0.006-0.042 μg/g), for Pachychilus suturalis, values of {sup 232}Th of 0.58-6.4 μg/g and for Pachychilus sp. were found between 0.26-7.62 μg/g and for total U values between 0.28-3.33 μg/g. The method offers several advantages: speed, good precision, low values of quantification limits and high sensitivity in the measurement of radio-nuclides and heavy metals. (Author)

  19. 232例自身免疫性肝病患者合并其他自身免疫病情况及预后分析%Analysis of prognosis and coexistence with other autoimmune diseases in 232 patients with autoimmune liver disease

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高莉; 章丽娜; 何彩琴; 赵晓蕾; 刘玉兰

    2015-01-01

    目的 研究原发性胆汁性肝硬化(PBC)、自身免疫性肝炎(AIH)、原发性硬化性胆管炎(PSC)患者中出现其他自身免疫病的比例,并探讨其对预后的影响.方法 收集1994年1月至2014年3月各专科收治的全部自身免疫性肝病(AILD)患者资料共232例,分析对比PBC、AIH和PSC患者合并其他自身免疫病的种类和例数.使用Cox回归模型分析合并其他自身免疫病对AILD预后的影响.结果 232例AILD患者中,PBC患者135例,其中合并干燥综合征(SS) 64例,系统性红斑狼疮(SLE)7例,类风湿关节炎(RA)7例,系统性硬化症(SSc)9例,多发性肌炎(PM)和(或)皮肌炎3例,CD 1例;AIH患者55例,其中合并SS 19例,SLE 10例,RA 1例,SSc 2例,PM和(或)皮肌炎2例;PSC患者24例,其中合并UC 7例,CD 1例,RA 1例;PBC AIH重叠综合征患者18例,其中合并SS 5例,RA1例.调整性别、年龄、病程及药物干预等因素后发现,相比单纯PBC患者,PBC合并SS发生肺间质纤维化的风险明显增加(OR=34.0,95%CI:8.9~130.1).合并其他自身免疫病并未显著影响AILD的预后,包括死亡、肝移植,及肝硬化并发症.结论 AILD合并其他自身免疫病,如SS、SLE、SSc、RA等较为常见.PBC合并SS是发生肺间质纤维化的危险因素,合并其他自身免疫病不独立影响AILD的预后.%Objective To study the probability of other autoimmune diseases in primary biliary cirrhosis (PBC),autoimmune hepatitis (AIH) and primary sclerosing cholangitis (PSC) and explore its effects on the prognosis.Methods From January 1994 to March 2014,the data of 232 patients with autoimmune liver diseases (AILD) were collected.The type and case number of coexisting with other autoimmune diseases of patients with PBC,AIH and PSC were analyzed and compared.Cox regression model was performed to analyze the effects of coexisting with autoimmune diseases on the prognosis of AILD.Results Among 135 PBC patients,there were 64 cases that coexisted with Sjogren

  20. Comparative genetic mapping revealed powdery mildew resistance gene MlWE4 derived from wild emmer is located in same genomic region of Pm36 and Ml3D232 on chromosome 5BL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Dong; WANG Yong; CHEN Yong-xing; LIU Zhi-yong; OUYANG Shu-hong; WANG Li-li; CUI Yu; WU Qiu-hong; LIANG Yong; WANG Zhen-zhong; XIE Jing-zhong; ZHANG De-yun

    2015-01-01

    Powdery mildew, caused by Blumeria graminis f. sp. tritici, is one of the most devastating wheat diseases. Wild emmer wheat (Triticum turgidum ssp. dicoccoides) is a promising source of disease resistance for wheat. A powdery mildew resistance gene conferring resistance to B. graminis f. sp. tritici isolate E09, originating from wild emmer wheat, has been transferred into the hexaploid wheat line WE4 through crossing and backcrossing. Genetic analyses indicated that the powdery mildew resistance was control ed by a single dominant gene, temporarily designated MlWE4. By mean of comparative genomics and bulked segregant analysis, a genetic linkage map of MlWE4 was constructed, and MlWE4 was mapped on the distal region of chromosome arm 5BL. Comparative genetic linkage maps showed that genes MlWE4, Pm36 and Ml3D232 were co-segregated with markers XBD37670 and XBD37680, indicating they are likely the same gene or al eles in the same locus. The co-segregated markers provide a starting point for chromosome landing and map-based cloning of MlWE4, Pm36 and Ml3D232.

  1. 235U, 238U, 232Th, 40K and 137Cs activity concentrations in marine sediments along the northern coast of Oman Sea using high-resolution gamma-ray spectrometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zare, Mohammad Reza; Mostajaboddavati, Mojtaba; Kamali, Mahdi; Abdi, Mohammad Reza; Mortazavi, Mohammad Seddigh

    2012-09-01

    The natural radioactivity levels in sediment samples of the northern coast of Oman Sea, covering the coastal strip from Hormoz canyon to Goatr seaport, as the first time has been determined. The results of measurements will serve as background reference level for Oman Sea coastlines. Sediments from 36 coastal and near shore locations were collected for analysis. Analysis on the collected samples were carried out to determine (235)U, (238)U, (232)Th, (40)K and (137)Cs using two high purity germanium detectors with 38.5% and 55% relative efficiencies. The concentration of (235)U, (238)U, (232)Th, (40)K and (137)Cs in sediment samples ranged between 1.01 and 2.87 Bq/kg, 11.83 and 22.68 Bq/kg, 10.7 and 25.02 Bq/kg, 222.89 and 535.07 Bq/kg and 0.14 and 2.8 Bq/kg, respectively. The radium equivalent activity was well below the defined limit of 370 Bq/kg. The external hazard indices were found to be less than 1, indicating a low dose.

  2. Direct generation of 2  W average-power and 232  nJ picosecond pulses from an ultra-simple Yb-doped double-clad fiber laser.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Yizhong; Luo, Zhengqian; Xiong, Fengfu; Li, Yingyue; Zhong, Min; Cai, Zhiping; Xu, Huiying; Fu, Hongyan

    2015-03-15

    We report the generation of 2.06 W average-power and 232 nJ picosecond mode-locked pulses directly from an ultra-simple Yb-doped fiber laser. A section of Yb-doped double-clad fiber pumped by a 976 nm laser diode provides the large gain, and the linear cavity is simply formed by a 1064 nm highly reflective fiber Bragg grating and a fiber loop mirror (FLM) using a 5/95 optical coupler. The asymmetric FLM not only acts as the output mirror for providing ∼20% optical feedback, but also equivalently behaves as a nonlinear optical loop mirror (NOLM) to initiate the mode-locking operation in this cavity. Stable mode-locking is therefore achieved over a pump power of 3.76 W. The mode-locked pulses show the dissipative soliton resonance (DSR), which has the pulse duration of 695 ps to ∼1  ns, and the almost unchanged peak power of ∼200  W as increasing the pump power. In particular, this laser can emit 232 nJ high-energy DSR pulses with an average output power of >2  W. This is, to the best of our knowledge, the first demonstration of such an ultra-simple, mode-locked fiber laser that enables watt-level, high energy, picosecond DSR pulses.

  3. Atomic Parameters for the $2p^53p~^2[3/2]_2 - 2p^53s~^2[3/2]^o_2$ Transition of Ne I relevant in nuclear physics

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Jiguang; Wang, Jianguo

    2016-01-01

    We calculated the magnetic dipole hyperfine interaction constants and the electric field gradients of $2p^53p~^2[3/2]_2$ and $2p^53s~^2[3/2]^o_2$ levels of Ne I by using the multiconfiguration Dirac-Hartree-Fock method. The electronic factors contributing to the isotope shifts were also estimated for the $\\lambda = 614.5$ nm transition connecting these two states. Electron correlation and relativistic effects including the Breit interaction were investigated in details. Combining with recent measurements, we extracted the nuclear quadrupole moment values for $^{20}$Ne and $^{23}$Ne with a smaller uncertainty than the current available data. Isotope shifts in the $2p^53p~^2[3/2]_2 - 2p^53s~^2[3/2]^o_2$ transition based on the present calculated field- and mass-shift parameters are in good agreement with the experimental values. However, the field shifts in this transition are two or three orders of magnitude smaller than the mass shifts, making rather difficult to deduce changes in nuclear charge mean square r...

  4. Non-variable TeV emission from the extended jet of a blazar in the stochastic acceleration scenario: the case of the hard TeV emission of 1ES 1101-232

    CERN Document Server

    Yan, Dahai; Zhang, Li

    2012-01-01

    The detections of X-ray emission from the kiloparsec-scale jets of blazars and radio galaxies may imply the existence of high energy electrons in these extended jets, and these electrons could produce high energy emission through inverse Compton (IC) process. In this paper we study the non-variable hard TeV emission from a blazar. The multi-band emission consists of two components: one is the traditional synchrotron self-Compton (SSC) emission from the inner jet, and the other is the emission produced via SSC and IC scattering of cosmic microwave background (CMB) photons (IC/CMB) and extragalactic background light (EBL) photons (IC/EBL) by relativistic electrons in the extended jet under the stochastic acceleration scenario. Such a model is applied to 1ES 1101-232. The results indicate that (1) the non-variable hard TeV emission of 1ES 1101-232 can be reproduced well, which is dominated by IC/CMB emission from the extended jet, using three characteristic values of Doppler factor ($\\delta_{\\rm D}=5,10,15$) for...

  5. Characterization of bauxite residue (red mud) for (235)U, (238)U, (232)Th and (40)K using neutron activation analysis and the radiation dose levels as modeled by MCNP.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Landsberger, S; Sharp, A; Wang, S; Pontikes, Y; Tkaczyk, A H

    2017-07-01

    This study employs thermal and epithermal neutron activation analysis (NAA) to quantitatively and specifically determine absorption dose rates to various body parts from uranium, thorium and potassium. Specifically, a case study of bauxite residue (red mud) from an industrial facility was used to demonstrate the feasibility of the NAA approach for radiological safety assessment, using small sample sizes to ascertain the activities of (235)U, (238)U, (232)Th and (40)K. This proof-of-concept was shown to produce reliable results and a similar approach could be used for quantitative assessment of other samples with possible radiological significance. (238)U and (232)Th were determined by epithermal and thermal neutron activation analysis, respectively. (235)U was determined based on the known isotopic ratio of (238)U/(235)U. (40)K was also determined using epithermal neutron activation analysis to measure total potassium content and then subtracting its isotopic contribution. Furthermore, the work demonstrates the application of Monte Carlo Neutral-Particle (MCNP) simulations to estimate the radiation dose from large quantities of red mud, to assure the safety of humans and the surrounding environment. Phantoms were employed to observe the dose distribution throughout the human body demonstrating radiation effects on each individual organ. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Investigation of (235)U, (226)Ra, (232)Th, (40)K, (137)Cs, and heavy metal concentrations in Anzali international wetland using high-resolution gamma-ray spectrometry and atomic absorption spectroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zare, Mohammad Reza; Kamali, Mahdi; Fallahi Kapourchali, Maryam; Bagheri, Hashem; Khoram Bagheri, Mahdi; Abedini, Ali; Pakzad, Hamid Reza

    2016-02-01

    Measurements of natural radioactivity levels and heavy metals in sediment and soil samples of the Anzali international wetland were carried out by two HPGe-gamma ray spectrometry and atomic absorption spectroscopy techniques. The concentrations of (235)U, (226)Ra, (232)Th, (40)K, and (137)Cs in sediment samples ranged between 1.05 ± 0.51-5.81 ± 0.61, 18.06 ± 0.63-33.36 ± .0.34, 17.57 ± 0.38-45.84 ± 6.23, 371.88 ± 6.36-652.28 ± 11.60, and 0.43 ± 0.06-63.35 ± 0.94 Bq/kg, while in the soil samples they vary between 2.36-5.97, 22.71-38.37, 29.27-42.89, 472.66-533, and 1.05-9.60 Bq/kg for (235)U, (226)Ra, (232)Th, (40)K, and (137)Cs, respectively. Present results are compared with the available literature data and also with the world average values. The radium equivalent activity was well below the defined limit of 370 Bq/kg. The external hazard indices were found to be less than 1, indicating a low dose. Heavy metal concentrations were found to decrease in order as Fe > Mn > Sr > Zn > Cu > Cr > Ni > Pb > Co > Cd. These measurements will serve as background reference levels for the Anzali wetland.

  7. A patologia da forma hépato-esplênica da esquistossomose mansoni em sua forma avançada (estudo de 232 necrópsias completas The pathology of the hepatosplenic form of schistosomiasis mansoni in its advanced form (study of 232 complete necropsies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zilton A. Andrade

    1983-09-01

    Full Text Available Uma análise de 232 necrópsias completas realizadas em portadores de esquistossomose hepática avançada evidenciou em todos a lesão constante e característica de fibrose periportal com alterações destrutivas e obstrutivas de ramos intra-hepáticos da veia porta. Geralmente esta lesão estava associada a sinais de hipertensão porta (esplenomegalia e varizes do esôfago, constitutindo-se na forma hépato-esplênica mas em 12 casos estes sinais não existiam (a forma hepática avançada. Ao passar para a fase descompensada da esquistossomose hépato-esplênica, o fígado geralmente exibia uma acentuação da fibrose ao lado de sinais de inflamação crônica ativa, mas não mostrava uma evolução para a cirrose difusa. A esplenomegalia se acompanhou de lesões congestivas crônicas e de evidências de hiperplasia celular, especialmente no setor fagocítico mononucelar. Excepecionalmente se superajuntou a tais lesões um linfoma tipo nodular, o qual tende a ocorrer em mulheres após os 45 anos de idade. O envolvimento intestinal foi muito menor do que se poderia esperar. As lesões mais salientes foram a fibrose peri-intestinal, qua não parece ter maior repercussão clínica, e, raramente, as lesões pseudoneoplásicas e os polipos. Uma complicação freqüente foi o cor pulmonale secundário às elsões de arterite pulmonar esquistossomótica, que apareceu em 44 casos (18,9%. O aparecimento de doença renal associada se deu em 15% dos casos e foi geralmente representada por glomerulonefrite crônica, o que se presume seja devido a um processo mediado por complexos imunes na esquistossomose. Muitos dos casos exibiam infecções intercorrentes, com algumas delas, como a salmonelose e a hepatite viral, tendendo a ter um curso mais prolongado. Assim a esquistossomose avançada se apresentou um processo que atinge fundamentalmente of fígado, mas que repercute em vários outros órgãos através uma patogenia variada, complexa, ainda não bem

  8. Actualizing of calibration curves of {sup 14}C/C, {sup 90}Sr/Ca, {sup 228}Th/{sup 232}Th in ivory for the determination of the post mortal interval of elephants and consequences of the radiation protection of non-human species; Aktualisierung von Kalibierkurven von {sup 14}C/C, {sup 90}Sr/Ca und {sup 228}Th/{sup 232}Th in Elefantenelfenbein zum Zwecke der Alterbestimmung und die Konsequenzen fuer den Strahlenschutz nicht-menschlicher Arten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schupfner, R. [Regensburg Univ. (Germany). ZRN-URA Lab.

    2016-07-01

    The determination of the activity concentration of the radionuclides {sup 14}C/C and {sup 90}Sr/Ca and {sup 228}Th/{sup 232}Th applying combined radionuclide analyses methods has been proved to be a suitable tool for the purpose of an unambiguous age determination of elephant ivory [1, 2, 3, 10, 11, 12, 13]. Analysing representative and independently dated samples (N = 28) of ivory the curves fitting the post mortal interval (PMI) versus the activity concentration of the radionuclides mentioned above produced the data base enabling a more unambiguous age determination. Data from these studies origin [1, 2, 3, 10, 11, 12, 13] in analyses of ivory samples which were available up to the 2012. During the last five years there was a gap in information of the future trend of {sup 14}C/C and {sup 90}Sr/Ca. Up to this study it was not possible to assess whether the future level of {sup 14}C/C as well as {sup 90}Sr/Ca can analytically be distinguished from the level before 1954. At about 1954 the activity concentration of radionuclides from the atmospheric nuclear explosion, as {sup 14}C and {sup 90}Sr, increased in ivory significantly. This study aims in closing this information gap. The results of analyses of {sup 14}C/C, {sup 90}Sr/Ca, {sup 228}Th/{sup 232}Th in ivory with PMI values ranging from 1 to 5 years are presented and interpreted. These data enable an actualization of the calibration curves of PMI versus specific activities. This is necessary for a better understanding of the effect of blindness of {sup 14}C/C dating and its prevention. On the base of all available results form independent dated ivory sample available up to 2015 a suitable analytical procedure is suggested which aims in a more precise and reliable age determination of elephant tusks. Results of determining of radionuclides {sup 14}C/C and {sup 90}Sr/Ca and {sup 228}Th/{sup 232}Th in ivory are shown from before 1950 to 2015. These results are discussed with respect the purposes of dating as well

  9. Measurement of 232Th(n,2n)231Th reaction cross-sections at neutron energies of 14.1 MeV and 14.8 MeV using neutron activation method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    兰长林; 解保林; 张凯; 彭猛; 方开洪

    2015-01-01

    In this study, the activation cross-sections were measured for 232Th(n,2n)231Th reactions at neutron ener-gies of 14.1 and 14.8 MeV, which were produced by a neutron generator through a T(d,n) 4He reaction. In-duced gamma-ray activities were measured using a low background gamma ray spectrometer equipped with a high resolution HPGe detector. In the cross-section calculations, corrections were made regarding the effects of gamma-ray attenuation, dead-time, fluctuation of the neutron flux, and low energy neutrons. The mea-sured cross-sections were compared with the literature data, evaluation data (ENDF-B/VII.1, JENDL-4.0 and CENDL-3.1), and the results of the model calculation (TALYS1.6).

  10. A low density of the extragalactic background light revealed by the H.E.S.S. spectra of the BL Lac objects 1ES 1101-232 and H 2356-309

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costamante, Luigi

    2007-06-01

    The study of the TeV emission from extragalactic sources is hindered by the uncertainties on the diffuse Extragalactic Background Light (EBL). The recent H.E.S.S. results on the blazars 1ES 1101-232 and H 2356-309 represent a breakthrough on this issue. Their unexpectedly hard spectra allow an upper limit to be derived on the EBL in the optical/near-infrared range, which is very close to the lower limit given by the resolved galaxy counts. This result seems to exclude a large contribution to the EBL from other sources (e.g. Population III stars) and indicates that the intergalactic space is more transparent to γ-rays than previously thought. A discussion of EBL absorption effects and further observational tests with Cherenkov telescopes are presented.

  11. A low density of the Extragalactic Background Light revealed by the H.E.S.S. spectra of the BLLac objects 1ES 1101-232 and H 2356-309

    CERN Document Server

    Costamante, L

    2006-01-01

    The unexpectedly hard spectra measured by HESS for the BLLacs 1ES 1101-232 and H 2356-309 has allowed an upper limit on the Extragalactic Background Light (EBL) to be derived in the optical/near-infrared range, which is very close to the lower limit given by the resolved galaxy counts. This result seems to exclude a large contribution to the EBL from other sources (e.g. Population III stars) and indicates that the intergalactic space is more transparent to gamma-rays than previously thought. A brief discussion of EBL absorption effects on blazar spectra and further observational tests to check this conclusion are presented, including the selection of new candidates for observations with Cherenkov telescopes.

  12. Genome wide association and linkage analyses identified three loci -- 4q25, 17q23.2 and 10q11.21 -- associated with variation in leukocyte telomere length: The Long Life Family Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph H Lee

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Leukocyte telomere length is believed to measure cellular aging in humans, and short leukocyte telomere length is associated with increased risks of late onset diseases, including cardiovascular disease, dementia, etc. Many studies have shown that leukocyte telomere length is a heritable trait, and several candidate genes have been identified, including TERT, TERC, OBFC1, and CTC1. Unlike most studies that have focused on genetic causes of chronic diseases such as heart disease and diabetes in relation to leukocyte telomere length, the present study examined the genome to identify variants that may contribute to variation in leukocyte telomere length among families with exceptional longevity. From the genome wide association analysis in 4,289 LLFS participants, we identified a novel intergenic SNP rs7680468 located near PAPSS1 and DKK2 on 4q25 (p=4.7E-8. From our linkage analysis, we identified two additional loci with HLOD scores exceeding three, including 4.77 for 17q23.2 and 4.36 for 10q11.21. These two loci harbor a number of novel candidate genes with SNPs, and our gene-wise association analysis identified multiple genes, including DCAF7, POLG2, CEP95, and SMURF2 at 17q23.2; and RASGEF1A, HNRNPF, ANF487, CSTF2T, and PRKG1 at 10q11.21. Among these genes, multiple SNPs were associated with leukocyte telomere length, but the strongest association was observed with one contiguous haplotype in CEP95 and SMURF2. We also show that three previously reported genes – TERC, MYNN, and OBFC1 – were significantly associated with leukocyte telomere length at pempirical smaller than 0.05.

  13. Within the framework of the new fuel cycle {sup 232}Th/{sup 233}U, determination of the {sup 233}Pa(n.{gamma}) radiative capture cross section for neutron energies ranging between 0 and 1 MeV; Dans le cadre du nouveau cycle de combustible {sup 232}Th/{sup 233}U, determination de la section efficace de capture radiative {sup 233}Pa(n,{gamma}) pour des energies de neutrons comprises entre 0 et 1 MeV

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boyer, S

    2004-10-15

    The Thorium cycle Th{sup 232}/U{sup 233} may face brilliant perspectives through advanced concepts like molten salt reactors or accelerator driven systems but it lacks accurate nuclear data concerning some nuclei. Pa{sup 233} is one of these nuclei, its high activity makes the direct measurement of its radiative neutron capture cross-section almost impossible. This difficulty has been evaded by considering the transfer reaction Th{sup 232}(He{sup 3},p)Pa{sup 234}* in which the Pa{sup 234} nucleus is produced in various excited states according to the amount of energy available in the reaction. The first chapter deals with the thorium cycle and its assets to contribute to the quenching of the fast growing world energy demand. The second chapter gives a detailed description of the experimental setting. A scintillation detector based on deuterated benzene (C{sub 6}D{sub 6}) has been used to counter gamma ray cascades. The third chapter is dedicated to data analysis. In the last chapter we compare our experimental results with ENDF and JENDL data and with computed values from 2 statistical models in the 0-1 MeV neutron energy range. Our results disagree clearly with evaluated data: our values are always above ENDF and JENDL data but tend to near computed values. We have also perform the measurement of the radiative neutron cross-section of Pa{sup 231} for a 110 keV neutron: {sigma}(n,{gamma}) 2.00 {+-} 0.14 barn. (A.C.)

  14. Radium-228 analysis of natural waters by Cherenkov counting of Actinium-228

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aleissa, Khalid A.; Almasoud, Fahad I.; Islam, Mohammed S. [Atomic Energy Research Institute, King Abdul Aziz City for Science and Technology, P.O. Box 6086, Riyadh 11442 (Saudi Arabia); L' Annunziata, Michael F. [IAEA Expert, Montague Group, P.O. Box 5033, Oceanside, CA 92052-5033 (United States)], E-mail: mlannunziata@cox.net

    2008-12-15

    The activities of {sup 228}Ra in natural waters were determined by the Cherenkov counting of the daughter nuclide {sup 228}Ac. The radium was pre-concentrated on MnO{sub 2} and the radium purified via ion exchange and, after a 2-day period of incubation to allow for secular equilibrium between the parent-daughter {sup 228}Ra({sup 228}Ac), the daughter nuclide {sup 228}Ac was isolated by ion exchange according to the method of Nour et al. [2004. Radium-228 determination of natural waters via concentration on manganese dioxide and separation using Diphonix ion exchange resin. Appl. Radiat. Isot. 61, 1173-1178]. The Cherenkov photons produced by {sup 228}Ac were counted directly without the addition of any scintillation reagents. The optimum Cherenkov counting window, sample volume, and vial type were determined experimentally to achieve optimum Cherenkov photon detection efficiency and lowest background count rates. An optimum detection efficiency of 10.9{+-}0.1% was measured for {sup 228}Ac by Cherenkov counting with a very low Cherenkov photon background of 0.317{+-}0.013 cpm. The addition of sodium salicylate into the sample counting vial at a concentration of 0.1 g/mL yielded a more than 3-fold increase in the Cherenkov detection efficiency of {sup 228}Ac to 38%. Tests of the Cherenkov counting technique were conducted with several water standards of known activity and the results obtained compared closely with a conventional liquid scintillation counting technique. The advantages and disadvantages of Cherenkov counting compared to liquid scintillation counting methods are discussed. Advantages include much lower Cherenkov background count rates and consequently lower minimal detectable activities for {sup 228}Ra and no need for expensive environmentally unfriendly liquid scintillation cocktails. The disadvantages of the Cherenkov counting method include the need to measure {sup 228}Ac Cherenkov photon detection efficiency and optimum Cherenkov counting volume, which are not at all required when liquid scintillation analysis is used.

  15. Radium-228 analysis of natural waters by Cherenkov counting of Actinium-228.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aleissa, Khalid A; Almasoud, Fahad I; Islam, Mohammed S; L'Annunziata, Michael F

    2008-12-01

    The activities of (228)Ra in natural waters were determined by the Cherenkov counting of the daughter nuclide (228)Ac. The radium was pre-concentrated on MnO(2) and the radium purified via ion exchange and, after a 2-day period of incubation to allow for secular equilibrium between the parent-daughter (228)Ra((228)Ac), the daughter nuclide (228)Ac was isolated by ion exchange according to the method of Nour et al. [2004. Radium-228 determination of natural waters via concentration on manganese dioxide and separation using Diphonix ion exchange resin. Appl. Radiat. Isot. 61, 1173-1178]. The Cherenkov photons produced by (228)Ac were counted directly without the addition of any scintillation reagents. The optimum Cherenkov counting window, sample volume, and vial type were determined experimentally to achieve optimum Cherenkov photon detection efficiency and lowest background count rates. An optimum detection efficiency of 10.9+/-0.1% was measured for (228)Ac by Cherenkov counting with a very low Cherenkov photon background of 0.317+/-0.013cpm. The addition of sodium salicylate into the sample counting vial at a concentration of 0.1g/mL yielded a more than 3-fold increase in the Cherenkov detection efficiency of (228)Ac to 38%. Tests of the Cherenkov counting technique were conducted with several water standards of known activity and the results obtained compared closely with a conventional liquid scintillation counting technique. The advantages and disadvantages of Cherenkov counting compared to liquid scintillation counting methods are discussed. Advantages include much lower Cherenkov background count rates and consequently lower minimal detectable activities for (228)Ra and no need for expensive environmentally unfriendly liquid scintillation cocktails. The disadvantages of the Cherenkov counting method include the need to measure (228)Ac Cherenkov photon detection efficiency and optimum Cherenkov counting volume, which are not at all required when liquid scintillation analysis is used.

  16. The release of dissolved actinium to the ocean: A global comparison of different end-members

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geibert, W.; Charette, M.; Kim, G.; Moore, W.S.; Street, J.; Young, M.; Paytan, A.

    2008-01-01

    The measurement of short-lived 223Ra often involves a second measurement for supported activities, which represents 227Ac in the sample. Here we exploit this fact, presenting a set of 284 values on the oceanic distribution of 227Ac, which was collected when analyzing water samples for short-lived radium isotopes by the radium delayed coincidence counting system. The present work compiles 227Ac data from coastal regions all over the northern hemisphere, including values from ground water, from estuaries and lagoons, and from marine end-members. Deep-sea samples from a continental slope off Puerto Rico and from an active vent site near Hawaii complete the overview of 227Ac near its potential sources. The average 227Ac activities of nearshore marine end-members range from 0.4??dpm m- 3 at the Gulf of Mexico to 3.0??dpm m- 3 in the coastal waters of the Korean Strait. In analogy to 228Ra, we find the extension of adjacent shelf regions to play a substantial role for 227Ac activities, although less pronounced than for radium, due to its weaker shelf source. Based on previously published values, we calculate an open ocean 227Ac inventory of 1.35 * 1018??dpm 227Acex in the ocean, which corresponds to 37??moles, or 8.4??kg. This implies a flux of 127??dpm m-2 y- 1 from the deep-sea floor. For the shelf regions, we obtain a global inventory of 227Ac of 4.5 * 1015??dpm, which cannot be converted directly into a flux value, as the regional loss term of 227Ac to the open ocean would have to be included. Ac has so far been considered to behave similarly to Ra in the marine environment, with the exception of a strong Ac source in the deep-sea due to 231Paex. Here, we present evidence of geochemical differences between Ac, which is retained in a warm vent system, and Ra, which is readily released [Moore, W.S., Ussler, W. and Paull, C.K., 2008-this issue. Short-lived radium isotopes in the Hawaiian margin: Evidence for large fluid fluxes through the Puna Ridge. Marine Chemistry]. Another potential mechanism of producing deviations in 227Ac/228Ra and daughter isotope ratios from the expected production value of lithogenic material is observed at reducing environments, where enrichment in uranium may occur. The presented data here may serve as a reference for including 227Ac in circulation models, and the overview provides values for some end-members that contribute to the global Ac distribution. ?? 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. Sequential determination of natural ({sup 232}Th, {sup 238}U) and anthropogenic ({sup 137}Cs, {sup 90}Sr, {sup 241}Am, {sup 239+240}Pu) radionuclides in environmental matrix

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Michel, H.; Levent, D.; Barci, V.; Barci-Funel, G.; Hurel, C. [Laboratoire de Radiochimie, Sciences Analytiques et Environnement (LRSAE), Universite de Nice Sophia-Antipolis 06108 Nice Cedex (France)

    2008-07-01

    A new sequential method for the determination of both natural (U, Th) and anthropogenic (Sr, Cs, Pu, Am) radionuclides has been developed for application to soil and sediment samples. The procedure was optimised using a reference sediment (IAEA-368) and reference soils (IAEA-375 and IAEA-326). Reference materials were first digested using acids (leaching), 'total' acids on hot plate, and acids in microwave in order to compare the different digestion technique. Then, the separation and purification were made by anion exchange resin and selective extraction chromatography: Transuranic (TRU) and Strontium (SR) resins. Natural and anthropogenic alpha radionuclides were separated by Uranium and Tetravalent Actinide (UTEVA) resin, considering different acid elution medium. Finally, alpha and gamma semiconductor spectrometer and liquid scintillation spectrometer were used to measure radionuclide activities. The results obtained for strontium-90, cesium-137, thorium-232, uranium- 238, plutonium-239+240 and americium-241 isotopes by the proposed method for the reference materials provided excellent agreement with the recommended values and good chemical recoveries. (authors)

  18. Identification of a rare de novo three-way complex t(5;20;8(q31;p11.2;p21 with microdeletions on 5q31.2, 5q31.3, and 8p23.2 in a patient with hearing loss and global developmental delay: case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bejjani Bassem A

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Complex chromosome rearrangements (CCRs, which involve more than two breakpoints on two or more chromosomes, are uncommon occurrences. Although most CCRs appear balanced at the level of the light microscope, many demonstrate cryptic, submicroscopic imbalances at the translocation breakpoints. Results We report a female with hearing loss and global developmental delay with a complex three-way unbalanced translocation (5;20;8(q31;p11.2;p21 resulting in microdeletions on 5q31.2, 5q31.3, and 8p23.2 identified by karyotyping, microarray analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridization. Discussion The microdeletion of bands 8p23.2 may be associated with the hearing impairment. Furthermore, the characterization of this patient's chromosomal abnormalities demonstrates the importance of integrated technologies within contemporary cytogenetics laboratories.

  19. INDEPENDENT VERIFICATION SURVEY REPORT FOR EXPOSURE UNITS Z2-24, Z2-31, Z2-32, AND Z2-36 IN ZONE 2 OF THE EAST TENNESSEE TECHNOLOGY PARK OAK RIDGE, TENNESSEE

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2013-10-10

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Oak Ridge Office of Environmental Management selected Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU), through the Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE) contract, to perform independent verification (IV) at Zone 2 of the East Tennessee Technology Park (ETTP) in Oak Ridge, Tennessee. ORAU has concluded IV surveys, per the project-specific plan (PSP) (ORAU 2013a) covering exposure units (EUs) Z2-24, -31, -32, and -36. The objective of this effort was to verify the following. • Target EUs comply with requirements in the Zone 2 Record of Decision (ROD) (DOE 2005), as implemented by using the dynamic verification strategy presented in the dynamic work plan (DWP) (BJC 2007) • Commitments in the DWP were adequately implemented, as verified via IV surveys and soil sampling The Zone 2 ROD establishes maximum remediation level (RLmax) values and average RL (RLavg) values for the primary contaminants of concern (COCs) U-234, U-235, U-238, Cs-137, Np-237, Ra-226, Th-232, arsenic, mercury, and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs). Table 1.1 lists Zone 2 COCs with associated RLs. Additional radiological and chemical contaminants were also identified during past characterization and monitoring actions, though the ROD does not present RLs for these potential contaminants. IV activities focused on the identification and quantification of ROD-specific COCs in surface soils, but also generated data for other analytes to support future decisions. ORAU personnel also reviewed EU-specific phased construction completion reports (PCCRs) to focus IV activities and identify potential judgmental sample locations, if any.

  20. 49 CFR 232.3 - Applicability.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... general railroad system of transportation; (5) Tourist, scenic, historic, or excursion operations, whether... each car from the top of the rail to the center of the coupling is not more than 25 inches; or (8) A... not to be used in service, except for movement as shipments on their own wheels to given destinations...

  1. 40 CFR 232.2 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... infrastructure associated with solid waste landfills; placement of overburden, slurry, or tailings or similar mining-related materials;” after the words “utility lines; and artificial reefs. (2) In addition... fills; dams and dikes; artificial islands; property protection and/or reclamation devices such as riprap...

  2. LHC MD 232: Longitudinal Impedance Evaluation

    CERN Document Server

    Esteban Muller, Juan; Baudrenghien, Philippe; Shaposhnikova, Elena; CERN. Geneva. ATS Department

    2017-01-01

    The aim of the MDstudies presented here was to evaluate the imaginary part of the longitudinal impedance of the LHC by means of synchrotron frequency shift measurements. Single bunches with similar longitudinal emittance but different intensities were studied at flat top. Based on the beam parameters, a maximum shift of about 0.2 Hz was expected between the different bunches. A detailed analysis still needs to be carried out to determine the measured synchrotron frequency shift. The measurements took place between 8:00 p.m. on 26th and 2:00 a.m. on 27th July 2016

  3. 49 CFR 232.5 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... signal spacing distances or to prevent thermal damage to wheels. Car control device (CCD) means an... compressed air and controlled by electronic signals from the locomotive or an ECP-EOT to the cars in the... supply of compressed air to the reservoirs on each car but does not convey braking signals to the car...

  4. 49 CFR 232.303 - General requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... tested, inspected, and operate as intended; and (5) Brake indicators, on cars so equipped, are accurate... is considered a shop or repair track only for each car receiving major repairs on such trackage and not for a car receiving only minor repairs; and (v) The facilities and tracks identified in paragraphs...

  5. 46 CFR 232.2 - General instructions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... accepted accounting principles. All contractors shall conform their accounting policies to generally accepted accounting principles (promulgated by the Financial Accounting Standards Board of the American... reports in the prescribed formats and is consistent with generally accepted accounting principles....

  6. 25 CFR 23.2 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... deemed a crime in the jurisdiction where the act occurred or upon an award, in a divorce proceeding, of..., or other organized group or community of Indians federally recognized as eligible for the...

  7. 12 CFR 23.2 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... filed under 12 U.S.C. 161. (c) CEBA Lease means a personal property lease authorized under 12 U.S.C. 24... financing the property over the term of the lease, from: (1) Rentals; (2) Estimated tax benefits; and (3) The estimated residual value of the property at the expiration of the lease term. (f) Net lease means...

  8. 232 EAST AFRICAN MEDICAL JOURNAL May 2002

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2002-05-05

    May 5, 2002 ... li- minimum sample size of 64 endoscopically examined diabetic steroidal ... Despite the knowledge that a previous H. pylori eradication therapy. Two patients with .... outpatients at KNH (53.3%) in this study is in conformity with other studies .... the older Kenyan age groups (above 60 years) experienced.

  9. 49 CFR 232.13 - Preemptive effect.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... considered pursuant to the Locomotive Boiler Inspection Act (now codified at 49 U.S.C. 20701-20703), the Safety Appliance Acts (now codified at 49 U.S.C. 20301-20304), and the Commerce Clause based on...

  10. Evaluated nuclear data file of Th-232

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meadows, J.; Poenitz, W.; Smith, A.; Smith, D.; Whalen, J.; Howerton, R.

    1977-09-01

    An evaluated nuclear data file for thorium is described. The file extends over the energy range 0.049 (i.e., the inelastic-scattering threshold) to 20.0 MeV and is formulated within the framework of the ENDF system. The input data base, the evaluation procedures and judgments, and ancillary experiments carried out in conjunction with the evaluation are outlined. The file includes: neutron total cross sections, neutron scattering processes, neutron radiative capture cross sections, fission cross sections, (n;2n) and (n;3n) processes, fission properties (e.g., nu-bar and delayed neutron emission) and photon production processes. Regions of uncertainty are pointed out particularly where new measured results would be of value. The file is extended to thermal energies using previously reported resonance evaluations thereby providing a complete file for neutronic calculations. Integral data tests indicated that the file was suitable for neutronic calculations in the MeV range.

  11. 49 CFR 232.203 - Training requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... training curriculum that covers the skills and knowledge the employee will need to possess in order to... satisfaction of the employee's supervisor or designated instructor; (6) An employee hired or working prior to... if the employee receives training and testing on the specific Federal regulatory...

  12. 32 CFR 232.3 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., whether or not the structure is attached to real property. The term includes an individual condominium... Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System, 12 CFR part 205. (h) Military annual percentage rate... by the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System to implement the Truth in Lending Act,...

  13. 48 CFR 232.070 - Responsibilities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... (Acquisition, Technology, and Logistics) (OUSD(AT&L)DPAP) is responsible for ensuring uniform administration of... operations. Refer specific cases involving financing policy or important procedural issues to OUSD(AT&L)DPAP...

  14. 19 CFR 10.232 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Harmonized Tariff Schedule of the United States. NAFTA. “NAFTA” means the North American Free Trade Agreement entered into by the United States, Canada, and Mexico on December 17, 1992. Preferential tariff treatment... the NAFTA to an imported article described in the same 8-digit subheading of the HTSUS that is a good...

  15. Linseed oil and DGAT1 K232A polymorphism: Effects on methane emission, energy and nitrogen metabolism, lactation performance, ruminal fermentation, and rumen microbial composition of Holstein-Friesian cows.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Gastelen, S; Visker, M H P W; Edwards, J E; Antunes-Fernandes, E C; Hettinga, K A; Alferink, S J J; Hendriks, W H; Bovenhuis, H; Smidt, H; Dijkstra, J

    2017-09-13

    Complex interactions between rumen microbiota, cow genetics, and diet composition may exist. Therefore, the effect of linseed oil, DGAT1 K232A polymorphism (DGAT1), and the interaction between linseed oil and DGAT1 on CH4 and H2 emission, energy and N metabolism, lactation performance, ruminal fermentation, and rumen bacterial and archaeal composition was investigated. Twenty-four lactating Holstein-Friesian cows (i.e., 12 with DGAT1 KK genotype and 12 with DGAT1 AA genotype) were fed 2 diets in a crossover design: a control diet and a linseed oil diet (LSO) with a difference of 22 g/kg of dry matter (DM) in fat content between the 2 diets. Both diets consisted of 40% corn silage, 30% grass silage, and 30% concentrates (DM basis). Apparent digestibility, lactation performance, N and energy balance, and CH4 emission were measured in climate respiration chambers, and rumen fluid samples were collected using the oral stomach tube technique. No linseed oil by DGAT1 interactions were observed for digestibility, milk production and composition, energy and N balance, CH4 and H2 emissions, and rumen volatile fatty acid concentrations. The DGAT1 KK genotype was associated with a lower proportion of polyunsaturated fatty acids in milk fat, and with a higher milk fat and protein content, and proportion of saturated fatty acids in milk fat compared with the DGAT1 AA genotype, whereas the fat- and protein-corrected milk yield was unaffected by DGAT1. Also, DGAT1 did not affect nutrient digestibility, CH4 or H2 emission, ruminal fermentation or ruminal archaeal and bacterial concentrations. Rumen bacterial and archaeal composition was also unaffected in terms of the whole community, whereas at the genus level the relative abundances of some bacterial genera were found to be affected by DGAT1. The DGAT1 KK genotype was associated with a lower metabolizability (i.e., ratio of metabolizable to gross energy intake), and with a tendency for a lower milk N efficiency compared with the

  16. 48 CFR 1852.232-70 - NASA modification of FAR 52.232-12.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... marked “Small Business Innovation Research Contract” or “Small Business Technology Transfer Contract,” as... accepted accounting principles, subject to any applicable subparts of part 31 of the Federal Acquisition...

  17. Purification of radium-226 for the manufacturing of actinium-225 in a cyclotron for alpha-immunotherapy; Radium-Aufreinigung zur Herstellung von Actinium-225 am Zyklotron fuer die Alpha-Immuntherapie

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marx, Sebastian Markus

    2014-09-23

    The thesis describes the development of methods for the purification of Ra-226. The objective was to obtain the radionuclide in the quality that is needed to be used as starting material in the manufacturing process for Ac-225 via proton-irradiated Ra-226. The radionuclide has been gained efficiently out of huge excesses of impurities. The high purity of the obtained radium affords its use as staring material in a pharmaceutical manufacturing process.

  18. Renal uptake of bismuth-213 and its contribution to kidney radiation dose following administration of actinium-225-labeled antibody

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schwartz, J; O' Donoghue, J A; Humm, J L [Department of Medical Physics, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065 (United States); Jaggi, J S [Bristol-Myers Squibb, Plainsboro, NJ (United States); Ruan, S; Larson, S M [Nuclear Medicine Service Department of Radiology, Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065 (United States); McDevitt, M; Scheinberg, D A, E-mail: schwarj1@mskcc.org [Molecular Pharmacology and Chemistry, Sloan-Kettering Institute, 1275 York Avenue, New York, NY 10065 (United States)

    2011-02-07

    Clinical therapeutic studies using {sup 225}Ac-labeled antibodies have begun. Of major concern is renal toxicity that may result from the three alpha-emitting progeny generated following the decay of {sup 225}Ac. The purpose of this study was to determine the amount of {sup 225}Ac and non-equilibrium progeny in the mouse kidney after the injection of {sup 225}Ac-huM195 antibody and examine the dosimetric consequences. Groups of mice were sacrificed at 24, 96 and 144 h after injection with {sup 225}Ac-huM195 antibody and kidneys excised. One kidney was used for gamma ray spectroscopic measurements by a high-purity germanium (HPGe) detector. The second kidney was used to generate frozen tissue sections which were examined by digital autoradiography (DAR). Two measurements were performed on each kidney specimen: (1) immediately post-resection and (2) after sufficient time for any non-equilibrium excess {sup 213}Bi to decay completely. Comparison of these measurements enabled estimation of the amount of excess {sup 213}Bi reaching the kidney ({gamma}-ray spectroscopy) and its sub-regional distribution (DAR). The average absorbed dose to whole kidney, determined by spectroscopy, was 0.77 (SD 0.21) Gy kBq{sup -1}, of which 0.46 (SD 0.16) Gy kBq{sup -1} (i.e. 60%) was due to non-equilibrium excess {sup 213}Bi. The relative contributions to renal cortex and medulla were determined by DAR. The estimated dose to the cortex from non-equilibrium excess {sup 213}Bi (0.31 (SD 0.11) Gy kBq{sup -1}) represented {approx}46% of the total. For the medulla the dose contribution from excess {sup 213}Bi (0.81 (SD 0.28) Gy kBq{sup -1}) was {approx}80% of the total. Based on these estimates, for human patients we project a kidney-absorbed dose of 0.28 Gy MBq{sup -1} following administration of {sup 225}Ac-huM195 with non-equilibrium excess {sup 213}Bi responsible for approximately 60% of the total. Methods to reduce renal accumulation of radioactive progeny appear to be necessary for the success of {sup 225}Ac radioimmunotherapy.

  19. A practical exploration on the model of “232”teamwork in pol itical theory teaching%政治理论课“二三二”团队合作教学模式的实践与探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王新

    2014-01-01

    Because of the current difficulties faced by political theory teaching,this paper explores the mod-el of “232”teamwork,which stimulates the students’active learning,enhances the political theory teach-ing effects,vigorously promotes the “three intos”work.%我院针对当前政治理论课教学面临的困境,探索出了“二三二”团队合作的教学模式。“二三二”团队合作教学模式的运用,激发了学生主动学习的兴趣,增强了政治理论教学实效性,有力地推进了政治理论课的“三进入”工作。

  20. A novel acquired cryptic three-way translocation t(2;11;5)(p21.3;q13.5;q23.2) with a submicroscopic deletion at 11p14.3 in an adult with hypereosinophilic syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kjeldsen, Eigil

    2015-08-01

    Hypereosinophilic syndrome (HES) is a clinically and pathologically heterogeneous disease entity. It is characterized by persistent eosinophilia and organ damage after excluding other causes. Clonal eosinophilia is distinguished from idiopathic eosinophilia by the presence of histologic, cytogenetic, or molecular evidence of an underlying malignancy. There are two distinct subcategories of clonal eosinophilia: chronic eosinophilic leukemia, not otherwise specified and myeloid/lymphoid neoplasms with eosinophilia and mutations involving platelet-derived growth factor receptor α/β or fibroblast growth factor receptor 1. More than 50% of HES are without knowledge of underlying pathogenic molecular pathways. Here we examined a HES patient by oligo-based aCGH analysis and molecular cytogenetic methods. Examination for the common eosinophilia-related cytogenetic abnormalities involving the genes PDGFRA, PDGFRB, and FGFR1 together with BCR-ABL fusion gene was negative. Cytogenetic analysis and multi-color FISH analysis revealed a novel cryptic three-way translocation t(2;11;5)(p21.3;q13.5;q23.2). By oaCGH analysis we could not find any copy number changes related to the cytogenetic breakpoints but instead detected a 0.9Mb submicroscopic deletion at 11p14.3. The deleted region involved the 5'-upstream sequences and exons 1-4 of the LUZP2 gene, which encodes a leucine zipper protein. Analysis of surrogate germ-line cells revealed a normal result showing that the detected chromosomal aberrations were acquired. This is the first report on a HES patient associated with a novel complex three-way translocation t(2;11;5)(p21.3;q13.5;q23.2) and a submicroscopic deletion in chromosome band 11p14.3. The study also demonstrates the benefits of oligo-based aCGH analysis in detecting hidden disease related chromosomal abnormalities. The present findings provide additional clues to unravel important molecular pathways in HES to obtain the full spectrum of acquired chromosomal and

  1. The Technological Enhancement of Normally Occurring Radioactive Materials in Red Mud due to the Production of Alumina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maurice O. Miller

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the level of technological enhancement of normally occurring radioactive materials (TENORM in the red mud waste due to the production of alumina in Jamaica. Technological enhancements factors (TEF were determined for the uranium, thorium, actinium series, their progenies, and the nonseries potassium-40 using gamma spectrometry. The study concluded that bauxite production technologically enhances the uranium progenies Th-234, Pb-214, Bi-214, and Pa-234 and the thorium-232 progenies Ac-228, Pb-212, and Bi-212 in red mud. The actinium series was technologically enhanced, but K-40 and the thorium daughter, Tl-208, were reduced. The spectrometric comparison of Tl-208 (at 510 keV was unexpected since its other photopeaks at 583 keV, 934 keV, and 968 keV were markedly different. An explanation for this anomaly is discussed. An explanation regarding the process of accumulation and fractionation of organically derived phosphate deposits and potassium-feldspar is offered to explain the spectrometric differences between the alumina product and its waste material, red mud.

  2. A Novel Cryptic Three-Way Translocation t(2;9;18)(p23.2;p21.3;q21.33) with Deletion of Tumor Suppressor Genes in 9p21.3 and 13q14 in a T-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Othman, Moneeb A K; Rincic, Martina; Melo, Joana B; Carreira, Isabel M; Alhourani, Eyad; Hunstig, Friederike; Glaser, Anita; Liehr, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Acute leukemia often presents with pure chromosomal resolution; thus, aberrations may not be detected by banding cytogenetics. Here, a case of 26-year-old male diagnosed with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) and a normal karyotype after standard GTG-banding was studied retrospectively in detail by molecular cytogenetic and molecular approaches. Besides fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH), multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) and high resolution array-comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH) were applied. Thus, cryptic chromosomal aberrations not observed before were detected: three chromosomes were involved in a cytogenetically balanced occurring translocation t(2;9;18)(p23.2;p21.3;q21.33). Besides a translocation t(10;14)(q24;q11) was identified, an aberration known to be common in T-ALL. Due to the three-way translocation deletion of tumor suppressor genes CDKN2A/INK4A/p16, CDKN2B/INK4B/p15, and MTAP/ARF/p14 in 9p21.3 took place. Additionally RB1 in 13q14 was deleted. This patient, considered to have a normal karyotype after low resolution banding cytogenetics, was treated according to general protocol of anticancer therapy (ALL-BFM 95).

  3. Evaluation of (n,n') scatteriung cross sections from 0. 8 to 2. 5 MeV for higher collective bands of /sup 232/Th and /sup 238/U in ''standard'' (CN + DI) and ''unified'' (Weidenmerller s-matrix) formalisms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sheldon, E.; Chan, D.W.S.

    1982-01-01

    Angle-integrated cross sections for inelastic scattering of fast neutrons from 0.8 to 2.5 MeV on /sup 232/Th and /sup 238/U, proceeding to higher collective (quadrupole and octupole vibrational) states in the residual nuclei, have been computed in a standard and a unified approach; the resulting excitation functions have been compared with the experimental data of the Lowell group. In all calculations, a consistent set of optical potential and deformation parameters, as derived by Haouat and Lagrange of the Bruyeres group, was used. The standard formalism employed an incoherent sum of compound-nucleus (CN) and coupled-channels direct-interaction (DI) cross section, evaluated with the programs CINDY and KARJUP (Karlsruhe version of JUPITOR) respectively. Provision was made for the effect of level-width fluctuations and for competing neutron exit channels. The results in general compared well with the measured values, but in several instances disagreed significantly with the ENDF/B-V evaluated data. Still better agreement ensued from the use of the unified formalism based upon energy-averaged second moments of transformed S-matrix elements in a statistical approach developed by Weidenmueller at al. and embodied within a new fluctuation program NANCY with coupled channels and competing channels to generate and manipulate the grand ensemble of S-matrix elements. With only the coupling strengths as adjustable parameters, this offers a promising, reliable means of analysis well suited to the interpretation of neutron scattering on deformed actinide nuclei.

  4. A Novel Cryptic Three-Way Translocation t(2;9;18(p23.2;p21.3;q21.33 with Deletion of Tumor Suppressor Genes in 9p21.3 and 13q14 in a T-Cell Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moneeb A. K. Othman

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Acute leukemia often presents with pure chromosomal resolution; thus, aberrations may not be detected by banding cytogenetics. Here, a case of 26-year-old male diagnosed with T-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL and a normal karyotype after standard GTG-banding was studied retrospectively in detail by molecular cytogenetic and molecular approaches. Besides fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH, multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA and high resolution array-comparative genomic hybridization (aCGH were applied. Thus, cryptic chromosomal aberrations not observed before were detected: three chromosomes were involved in a cytogenetically balanced occurring translocation t(2;9;18(p23.2;p21.3;q21.33. Besides a translocation t(10;14(q24;q11 was identified, an aberration known to be common in T-ALL. Due to the three-way translocation deletion of tumor suppressor genes CDKN2A/INK4A/p16, CDKN2B/INK4B/p15, and MTAP/ARF/p14 in 9p21.3 took place. Additionally RB1 in 13q14 was deleted. This patient, considered to have a normal karyotype after low resolution banding cytogenetics, was treated according to general protocol of anticancer therapy (ALL-BFM 95.

  5. 29 CFR 2.32 - Equal participation of religious organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... governments administering DOL support from accommodating religion in a manner consistent with the..., and expression of its religious beliefs, subject to the provisions of § 2.33 of this subpart....

  6. 39 CFR 232.1 - Conduct on postal property.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... G 2c.) (g) Alcoholic beverages, drugs, and smoking. (1) A person under the influence of an alcoholic beverage or any drug that has been defined as a “controlled substance” may not enter postal property or... exterior spaces. (i) Photographs for news, advertising, or commercial purposes. Except as prohibited...

  7. Dicty_cDB: CHS232 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available YENSCYXNSSNNQVVEVSNKCFNLDGFIKI TTPTEX--- ---FXMSTQIMKCRFNAPRSSMXCKGSP**mfikmptwp*i*s*sxw*rmcvrs...hrpppp evcslrcppkheckfddhgkkccvkihcdevcdldcgrgfeckirhdgskccvrserphp pqhekcnkrcppgheckvdqhgkecc...kyqinasilmdllk lqlqps--- ---FXMSTQIMKCRFNAPRSSMXCKGSP**mfikmptwp*i*s*sxw*rmcvrshrpppp evcslrcppkheckfddhgkkc...cvkihcdevcdldcgrgfeckirhdgskccvrserphp pqhekcnkrcppgheckvdqhgkeccvvahrpppkcslrcpprhecrvnhfgeeccvkvh hdkcslrc

  8. 48 CFR 52.232-25 - Prompt payment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...) For fresh or frozen fish, as defined in section 204(3) of the Fish and Seafood Promotion Act of 1986...). (iv) Description, quantity, unit of measure, unit price, and extended price of supplies delivered...

  9. 40 CFR 232.3 - Activities not requiring permits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... the production of food, fiber, and forest products, or upland soil and water conservation practices... seed and placement of seedlings to produce farm, ranch, or forest crops and includes the placement of soil beds for seeds or seedlings on established farm and forest lands. (e) Federal projects which...

  10. Dicty_cDB: VHA232 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available CP001251_792( CP001251 |pid:none) Dictyoglomus turgidum DSM 6724, ... 106 2e-21 C...P001146_680( CP001146 |pid:none) Dictyoglomus thermophilum H-6-12... 106 2e-21 CP000383_2243( CP000383 |pid:

  11. 49 CFR 232.105 - General requirements for locomotives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... after April 1, 2004, shall be equipped with a hand or parking brake that is: (1) Capable of application... (3) percent grade. (c) On locomotives so equipped, the hand or parking brake as well as its parts and... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION BRAKE SYSTEM SAFETY STANDARDS FOR FREIGHT AND OTHER...

  12. 49 CFR 232.15 - Movement of defective equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...; (ii) Inoperative or otherwise defective handbrakes or parking brakes; (iii) Piston travel that is in... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION BRAKE SYSTEM SAFETY STANDARDS FOR FREIGHT AND OTHER NON-PASSENGER... locomotive for repairs is not by a train required to receive a Class I brake test at that location...

  13. 24 CFR 232.610 - Certification of cost requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... is made by the contractor in cases in which a cost plus form of contract is used; and (2) The amount... cost plus or lump sum form of contract is used. (b) Cost computation. The term actual cost of the... 24 Housing and Urban Development 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Certification of cost requirements...

  14. 48 CFR 52.232-12 - Advance Payments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... marked for deposit only in the Contractor's special account with the ____ . None of the funds in the... within the meaning of the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation Act (12 U.S.C. 1811), or a credit union... payments equal the total estimated cost of $__ (not including fixed-fee, if any) for the work under this...

  15. 29 CFR 500.232 - Consent findings and order.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... of such deferment and the duration thereof shall be at the discretion of the Administrative Law Judge... Administrative Law Judge; and (4) A waiver of any right to challenge or contest the validity of the findings and...) Submit the proposed agreement for consideration by the Administrative Law Judge; or (2) Inform...

  16. 17 CFR 232.101 - Mandated electronic submissions and exceptions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...) for the IRS tax identification number because the EDGAR system requires an IRS number tag to be... obligations filed by: (i) The International Bank for Reconstruction and Development under Section 15(a) of the... Development Bank under Section 11(a) of the Inter-American Development Bank Act (22 U.S.C. 283h(a)) and...

  17. 7 CFR 2.32 - Director, Office of Homeland Security.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., disseminate and store USDA intelligence requirements and convey information to the intelligence community. (3...). (8) Administer a competitive grant program to support the development and expansion of advanced... veterinarians; administer a competitive grant and low-interest loan assistance program to assist States...

  18. 48 CFR 232.072-3 - Cash flow forecasts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... problems. (c) Single or one-time cash flow forecasts are of limited forecasting power. As such, they should... material amounts of cash within the entire business unit responsible for contract performance, period by...

  19. Dicty_cDB: SHE232 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available f query: 149 length of database: 80,480,566 effective HSP length: 17 effective length of query: 132 effective... length of database: 78,821,179 effective search space: 10404395628 effective se...ces better than 10.0: 0 length of query: 149 length of database: 57,926,789,247 effective HSP length: 22 effective... length of query: 127 effective length of database: 56,757,442,387 effective search space: 7208195183149 effective

  20. Crystal structure and density of helium to 232 kbar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mao, H. K.; Wu, Y.; Jephcoat, A. P.; Hemley, R. J.; Bell, P. M.; Bassett, W. A.

    1988-01-01

    The properties of helium and hydrogen at high pressure are topics of great interest to the understanding of planetary interiors. These materials constitute 95 percent of the entire solar system. A technique was presented for the measurement of X-ray diffraction from single-crystals of low-Z condenses gases in a diamond-anvil cell at high pressure. The first such single-crystal X-ray diffraction measurements on solid hydrogen to 26.5 GPa were presented. The application of this technique to the problem of the crystal structure, equation of state, and phase diagram of solid helium is reported. Crucial for X-ray diffraction studies of these materials is the use of a synchrotron radiation source which provides high brillance, narrow collimation of the incident and diffracted X-ray beams to reduce the background noise, and energy-dispersive diffraction techniques with polychromatic (white) radiation, which provides high detection efficiency.

  1. 48 CFR 232.072-2 - Appropriate information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., environmental, or product liabilities; (vi) Validity of accounts receivable and actual value of inventory, as assets; and (vii) Status and aging of accounts payable. (10) Significant ratios such as— (i) Inventory to...) Statement of all state, local, and Federal tax accounts, including special mandatory contributions,...

  2. DNA gains at 8q23.2

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    da Silva Veiga, Luciana Caricati; Bérgamo, Nádia Aparecida; dos Reis, Patrícia Pintor

    2003-01-01

    Gains or amplifications involving chromosome arm 8q are one of the most recurrent chromosomal alterations in head and neck tumors. To characterize previously reported gains, we performed fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) using the sequences BAC RP1179E1 and 8-centromere PMJ 128 as probes....

  3. Benchmark Experiment for Thorium-232Evaluation with Slab Sample

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    NIE; Yang-bo; LIN; Zuo-kang; BAO; Jie; RUAN; Xi-chao; REN; Jie; HUANG; Han-xiong; ZHOU; Zu-ying

    2015-01-01

    The experiments measuring the spectra of leakage neutron at 60°and 120°from ThO2samples(13cm×10.8cm)with 14.8 MeV D-T neutrons source by a time of flight(TOF)method were performed at China Institute of Atomic Energy(CIAE)and the results were shown in Fig.1.The measured spectra were rather well

  4. 48 CFR 552.232-25 - Prompt Payment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... transfer. Definitions of pertinent terms are set forth in section 32.902 of the Federal Acquisition... subparagraph (a)(4) of this clause concerning payments due on Saturdays, Sundays, and legal holidays.) (a... invoice has been received. Liquid milk, cheese, certain processed cheese products, butter, yogurt, ice...

  5. 47 CFR 24.232 - Power and antenna height limits.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... counties with population densities of 100 persons or fewer per square mile, based upon the most recently... persons or fewer per square mile, based upon the most recently available population statistics from the... may be made either in accordance with a Commission-approved average power technique or in...

  6. Dicty_cDB: VSE232 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available library, clone Tse45c12_p1c. 50 0.016 1 AI772551 |AI772551.1 EST253651 tomato resistant, Cornell...RNA sequence. 50 0.016 1 AI774601 |AI774601.1 EST255701 tomato resistant, Cornell Lycopersicon esculentum cD

  7. 32 CFR 232.1 - Authority, purpose, and coverage.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... provide additional consumer disclosures for such transactions. (c) Coverage. This part defines the types... amount of all charges, and the types of charges, that may be associated with a covered extension of... provided to consumers under the Federal Truth in Lending Act; (3) Provides for the method creditors...

  8. 17 CFR 232.401 - XBRL-Related Document submissions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... to participate in the voluntary XBRL (eXtensible Business Reporting Language) program. An electronic... the Investment Company Act of 1940 (15 U.S.C. 80a-1 et seq.), a “business development company” as... forth in Form 6-K or Items 2.02 or 8.01 of Form 8-K (whether contained in the body of the Form 6-K...

  9. Dicty_cDB: CFC232 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 1 L0926C06-5 NIA Mouse Newborn Kidney cDNA Library (Long) Mus musculus cDNA clone...298202.1 Dictyostelium discoideum putative transposon DDT-B, complete sequence. 34 4.7 2 CK388177 |CK388177.

  10. Dicty_cDB: CFK232 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available uences producing significant alignments: (bits) Value VFB181 (VFB181Q) /CSM/VF/VFB1-D/VFB181Q.Seq.d/ 109 1e-...23 own update 2004.12.25 Homology vs DNA Score E Sequences producing significant alignments: (bits) Value... Score E Sequences producing significant alignments: (bits) Value (Q54YZ0) RecName: Full=UTP--glucose-1-phos

  11. 48 CFR 52.232-16 - Progress Payments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... manufacturing aids, title to which would not be obtained as special tooling under subparagraph (ii) above; and... calling for the furnishing of all or part of the articles or services covered under the letter...

  12. 40 CFR 86.232-94 - Vehicle preconditioning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ...) or fall below 15 °F (−9 °C) for more than three consecutive minutes. The maximum time for moving a... vehicle shall be moved to the test area and the following operations performed: (1) The fuel tank(s) shall...) diameter single roll dynamometer, the drive wheel tires shall be inflated to the pressure recommended...

  13. 49 CFR 232.607 - Inspection and testing requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION BRAKE SYSTEM SAFETY STANDARDS FOR FREIGHT AND OTHER NON-PASSENGER TRAINS AND EQUIPMENT; END-OF-TRAIN DEVICES Electronically Controlled Pneumatic (ECP) Braking Systems... in ECP brake mode shall receive the following inspections at its point of origin (initial...

  14. 48 CFR 232.412-70 - Additional clauses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., Reimbursement of Subcontractor Advance Payments-DoD Pilot Mentor-Protege Program, when advance payments will be provided by the contractor to a subcontractor pursuant to an approved mentor-protege agreement (See...

  15. 48 CFR 1552.232-70 - Submission of invoices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... request for contract financing payment shall include current and cumulative charges by major cost element such as direct labor, overhead, travel, equipment, and other direct costs. For current costs, each... preparation instructions. Cumulative charges represent the net sum of current charges by cost element for...

  16. 48 CFR 552.232-23 - Assignment of Claims.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... following is substituted therefor: In order to prevent confusion and delay in making payment, the Contractor..., including any Federal lending agency, under the provisions of the Assignment of Claims Act, as amended, 31 U.S.C. 3727, 41 U.S.C. 15 (hereinafter referred to as “the Act”), all amounts due or to become...

  17. Dicty_cDB: VSK232 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available AAAAAAAA sequence update 2001. 3.22 Translated Amino Acid sequence frhhqneilsclplsflirqcqrclshqdfticwc*s*ccs...l*avsysi*krkkkk Frame B: frhhqneilsclplsflirqcqrclshqdfticwc*s*ccscriclqrirr*rrpslncr r*i*swfscrcrrpscchlccp...scccrcpsqksc*rekrrirrrygygfirlkrqli*an yy*NAYRQFPIVFIKRKIKKNKNIXKK--- ---frhhqneilsclplsflirqcqrclshqdfticwc

  18. 75 FR 41877 - Insured Healthcare Facilities 232 Loan Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-19

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND..., and duration of earning capacity; the value of real estate proposed or existing as security for a long... Jr., Reports Management Officer, QDAM, Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451...

  19. 75 FR 16821 - Insured Healthcare Facilities 232 Loan Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-02

    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF HOUSING AND..., and duration of earning capacity; the value of real estate proposed or existing as security for a long..., Jr., Reports Management Officer, QDAM, Department of Housing and Urban Development, 451...

  20. 48 CFR 52.232-18 - Availability of Funds.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... (CONTINUED) CLAUSES AND FORMS SOLICITATION PROVISIONS AND CONTRACT CLAUSES Text of Provisions and Clauses 52... under this contract is contingent upon the availability of appropriated funds from which payment for contract purposes can be made. No legal liability on the part of the Government for any payment may...