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Sample records for achieving international sporting

  1. Achievement Motivation and Adjustment Patterns among International and National Players of Different Team Sports

    OpenAIRE

    Nirmaljit K Rathee; Jagbir Singh

    2011-01-01

    Problem Statement: Achievement in sports demands specific behavior from an athlete.. The performer in such events must have ability to assess the situation, select the response, decide quickly and then implement it with determined efforts. Approach: This study was focused to examine the levels of achievement motivation, emotional and social adjustment among international and national players of basketball, hockey and handball games. Subjects (N = 240) were administere...

  2. Achievement Motivation and Adjustment Patterns among International and National Players of Different Team Sports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nirmaljit K Rathee

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem Statement: Achievement in sports demands specific behavior from an athlete.. The performer in such events must have ability to assess the situation, select the response, decide quickly and then implement it with determined efforts. Approach: This study was focused to examine the levels of achievement motivation, emotional and social adjustment among international and national players of basketball, hockey and handball games. Subjects (N = 240 were administered Achievement Motivation Test and Adjustment Inventory Analysis of variance (2 Normal 0 false false false EN-US X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Table Normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-qformat:yes; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0in 5.4pt 0in 5.4pt; mso-para-margin:0in; mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-fareast-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-fareast-theme-font:minor-fareast; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi;} ×2 factorial design was applied to find out the significance of differences and interaction of gender and performance. Descriptive values were worked to find out the direction of differences and t-test was used to find out significance of inter sport differences. Results

  3. In a Peak Fitness Condition?:The Danish Elite Sports Model in International Perspective: Managerial Efficiency and Best Practice in Achieving International Sporting Success

    OpenAIRE

    Storm, Rasmus K.; Nielsen, Klaus

    2010-01-01

    According to international findings, nations today face diminishing returns on investment when it comes to elite sports. As the power struggles to win medals in international tournaments - such as the Olympics - have intensified in the last couple of years, and the financial investments have increased, the market has adapted by raising the overall price of a medal. As a direct consequence managerial efficiency can be a 'non-financial' tool for nations to enhance the chances of success. The pu...

  4. School sport and academic achievement

    OpenAIRE

    Bradley, John L.; Keane, Francis; Crawford, Susan

    2013-01-01

    ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Physical Education and School Sport (PESS) is an integral part of the school curriculum in Ireland. Historically the Healthy Body, Healthy Mind philosophy has promoted the inclusion of PESS alongside more cognitive school subjects and research suggests that PESS can promote cognitive function and provide educational benefits. However there is little research on how the choice of school sport influences academic achievement. This case study aims to investigate how partic...

  5. Sport and International Relations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Yimeng

    2008-01-01

    As China takes center stage for the Beijing 2008 Olympic Games in August, enthusiasm for the Games extends far beyond the capital city. For Chinese, the Olympics is about national pride and cultural legacy. The Chinese government hopes to make this event a morale booster for the development of the whole country. And for the world, the Olympics is not just a global sporting event, but also an important platform for promoting world harmony and communication between cultures. As editor of Contemporary International Relations, I am mindful of the connection between sport and international relations. Sport today plays a highly significant role in the world, and the impact of this global phenomenon on international relations is often underestimated.

  6. International Sport Events: Improving Marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Margarita Kerzaitė; Borisas Melnikas

    2014-01-01

    The report and the article will be a comprehensive analysis ofthe needs to improve the international sport events marketing.Highlighting the role of international sport events in contemporarysociety and the challenges in the context of globalization,comparing opinions of various authors about aspects of classificationand the benefits for host country. The article and the reportreveals the main existing problem encountered in organizinginternational sport events, estimated perspectives for sol...

  7. Achieving the Goals of Sports Organizations

    OpenAIRE

    Horal, Filip

    2009-01-01

    The theoretical part focuses on setting and achieving of goals in organizations in general and identifies specific performance objectives in sports organizations. In the practical part examines the process of setting targets and performance in sport organizations to Jindřichohradecko.

  8. International Sport Events: Improving Marketing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita Kerzaitė

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The report and the article will be a comprehensive analysis ofthe needs to improve the international sport events marketing.Highlighting the role of international sport events in contemporarysociety and the challenges in the context of globalization,comparing opinions of various authors about aspects of classificationand the benefits for host country. The article and the reportreveals the main existing problem encountered in organizinginternational sport events, estimated perspectives for solutionof this problem. Summarizes the international sport eventsopportunities, basically modernize marketing tools according tothe marketing mix correction based on systematic synthesis ofmarketing concepts and adaptation/standardization needs, themost important factors in the marketing mix for the excretion ofthe main marketing objectives. The article is based on the latestscientific literature analysis.

  9. International Sports League Comparisons

    OpenAIRE

    Helmut Dietl; Rodney Fort; Markus Lang

    2011-01-01

    Comparisons between European and North American sports leagues have occurred over the years. In this paper, we attempt to bring these comparisons down to the essential elements -what has come to be called Rottenberg's (1956) invariance principle and theoretical insights into attempts to alter competitive balance using revenue sharing, talent drafts, and payroll caps. We also examine player reserve systems (the reserve clause in North American leagues and transfer restrictions in European leag...

  10. Positive Functions of Emotions in Achievement Sports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Puig, Nuria; Vilanova, Anna

    2011-01-01

    This article presents the results of two research projects on the emotions of men engaged in achievement outdoor sports. The conditions were analyzed under which emotions carry out positive functions. The question strikes us as a fundamental one, because it is of crucial importance when it comes to increasing sportspeople's success. The…

  11. The Effect of Organized Sports and Wellbeing on Academic Achievements

    OpenAIRE

    Þórir Kristjánsson 1989

    2014-01-01

    Organized sports has been associated with (high school) student´s better academic achievement and increased wellbeing. Associating wellbeing with academic performance could indicate that the association between organized sports and academic performance is mediated through wellbeing. This hypothesis was studied by viewing student´s participation in organized sports per week and their wellbeing in school to see if those factors affected their academic achievement in mathematics. Already existin...

  12. A Comparison between Learning Style Preferences, Gender, Sport and Achievement in Elite Team Sport Athletes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Braakhuis

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Athletes have preferences for the way in which they internalize and process information, whether that is visual, aural, by-doing (kinesthetic, reading or a mixture of preferences. Health professionals that interact with athletes rarely consider the individual learning style prior to any communication or education, despite mounting evidence for the benefits of learning-style tailored education. The aim of this study was to characterize athletes with regards to their preferred learning style. Athletes (n = 93 from 24 sports and various sport achievement levels completed a questionnaire, including the visual (V, auditory (A, reading/writing (R, kinesthetic (K/(VARK Questionnaire for Athletes. Questionnaire outcomes were analysed by X2 analysis on SPSS. The main findings were: (1 very few athletes have a visual learning-style preference; (2 there was a significant relationship between gender and VARK preference (X2 = 13.84, p = 0.003; (3 and between athletic status and VARK preference (X2 = 9.2, p = 0.025; (4 there was a trivial association between individual/ team sport athletes and assessed VARK preference (X2 = 3.95, p = 0.265. Our findings show significant variation in learning-style preference between males and females, and those of different athletic status. Health professionals should be aware of the inadequacy of visual information presentation when working with athletes. Furthermore, health professionals working with elite and female athletes should be comfortable using a mixture of learning styles (multi-modal.

  13. IMPORTANCE OF ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION IN SPORTS PERFORMANCE

    OpenAIRE

    Jyoti A Upadhye; N Chandrappa

    2014-01-01

    The present article defines the psychological construct of Achievement motivation and its influence on Sportsman to achieve their goals and to improve their performance level. Achievement Motivation is a mindset that leads people to set for themselves realistic but challenging goals. In Achievement Motivation can calculate mathematically by taking a person's desire to succeed and subtracting their fear of failure. When a student is motivated, he is inspired to pursue greater a...

  14. [Sports death--an Internal Medicine problem?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sack, Stefan

    2004-06-01

    Sports means fitness and endurance, regeneration and balance, game and fun. Lack of physical exercise is one of the main risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Terrifying and not conclusive in the public's mind are events of sudden death, in particular if those are of nontraumatic cause and thus of cardiovascular origin. Organic pathologic examination revealed that a higher proportion of males are affected by sports death. Only 7-9% of those events are related to women, although the percentage of active women among sports people accounts for nearly 50%. The relative risk increases with age and intensity of endurance. For people who are untrained or not used to train, the risk of sudden death is potentially higher. In athletes > 35 years of age, coronary artery disease (CAD) is the most common cause (85%) of sudden death. In the group < 35 years, CAD and acute myocarditis are the predominant causes of sudden death, but also hypertrophic cardiomyopathy (HCM), arrhythmogenic right ventricular cardiomyopathy (ARVC), disorders of the conducting system, and Marfan's syndrome. Additional risk factors like acute infections and misuse of doping drugs require the care of a specialist in internal medicine and/or cardiology on top of the care by a specialist in orthopedics and accident/rehabilitation medicine. Physical examination as a precaution and prevention strategy should be available for leisure sports as well as for athlete sports. PMID:15241541

  15. IMPORTANCE OF ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION IN SPORTS PERFORMANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jyoti A Upadhye

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The present article defines the psychological construct of Achievement motivation and its influence on Sportsman to achieve their goals and to improve their performance level. Achievement Motivation is a mindset that leads people to set for themselves realistic but challenging goals. In Achievement Motivation can calculate mathematically by taking a person's desire to succeed and subtracting their fear of failure. When a student is motivated, he is inspired to pursue greater academic goals. Underlying motivations can include grades, social acceptance or parental approval.

  16. Livro de resumos - II International Conference on Sport in Africa

    OpenAIRE

    II International Conference on Sport in Africa

    2012-01-01

    The Center of African Studies of the ISCTE-Lisbon University Institute, in cooperation with the Institute of Social Sciences of the University of Lisbon, the Sport: Laboratory of the History of Sport and Leisure, of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro and the Group of African Studies of the Fluminense Federal University, are promoting the II International Conference on Sport in Africa, entitled Sport and leisure in Africa: practices and identities, in Lisbon on the 5 and 6 of June 2012.

  17. International Sport Movement in the Context of the Global Problems of Mankind

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stafeev Dmitriy Valeryevich

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available As a result of globalization process the world becomes more and more integrated, the role of “hard” power becomes lower, while the role of “soft” power, vice versa, increases. Sport as one of the most important spheres of human activities, faces both positive and negative effects of globalization. Sport has an important function in the concept of “soft” security, and this importance is evidenced by serious attention, paid by the United Nations and other international organizations. The UN established the International Day of port, and it organizes regular meetings and conferences devoted to sport. Plenty of the UN Organizations officially use sport to achieve their aims. Sports diplomacy is believed to have reconciling, uniting role; sport must contribute to resolution of the most part of contemporary global problems. Abilities of the Information age allow using positive effect caused by sport events with maximal benefits. There is understanding in the UN, that sport alone cannot solve all global problems, but it can relieve their consequences. Therefore sport is used to struggle over such problems, as poverty; peace and security problems; disarmament necessity; human rights and democracy problems; demography, ecology and energy problems, difficulties with medical care and provision. On the other hand, sport suffers from globalization; it loses its initial function of competition due to politicization and commercialization. Even new issues of confrontation appear because of sports. Only global governance over sport, establishment of general rules and clear goals and their joint accomplishment can allow the international sports movement become a real force in fight against global problems.

  18. International Colloquium on Sports Science, Exercise, Engineering and Technology 2014

    CERN Document Server

    Ismail, Shariman; Sulaiman, Norasrudin

    2014-01-01

    The proceeding is a collection of research papers presented at the International Colloquium on Sports Science, Exercise, Engineering and Technology (ICoSSEET2014), a conference dedicated to address the challenges in the areas of sports science, exercise, sports engineering and technology including other areas of sports, thereby presenting a consolidated view to the interested researchers in the aforesaid fields. The goal of this conference was to bring together researchers and practitioners from academia and industry to focus on the scope of the conference and establishing new collaborations in these areas. The topics of interest are as follows but are not limited to:1. Sports and Exercise Science • Sports Nutrition • Sports Biomechanics • Strength and Conditioning • Motor Learning and Control • Sports Psychology • Sports Coaching • Sports and Exercise Physiology • Sports Medicine and Athletic Trainer • Fitness and Wellness • Exercise Rehabilitation • Adapted Physical Activity...

  19. 10th International Symposium on Computer Science in Sports

    CERN Document Server

    Soltoggio, Andrea; Dawson, Christian; Meng, Qinggang; Pain, Matthew

    2016-01-01

    This book presents the main scientific results of the 10th International Symposium of Computer Science in Sport (IACSS/ISCSS 2015), sponsored by the International Association of Computer Science in Sport in collaboration with the International Society of Sport Psychology (ISSP), which took place between September 9-11, 2015 at Loughborough, UK. This proceedings aims to build a link between computer science and sport, and reports on results from applying computer science techniques to address a wide number of problems in sport and exercise sciences. It provides a good platform and opportunity for researchers in both computer science and sport to understand and discuss ideas and promote cross-disciplinary research. The strictly reviewed and carefully revised papers cover the following topics: Modelling and Analysis, Artificial Intelligence in Sport, Virtual Reality in Sport,  Neural Cognitive Training,  IT Systems for Sport, Sensing Technologies and Image Processing.

  20. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF SPORTS ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION BETWEEN HOCKEY AND CRICKET PLAYERS OF BANARAS HINDU UNIVERSITY

    OpenAIRE

    Mukti Singh Srinet,

    2016-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to compare the sports achievement motivation between hockey and cricket players and also to find out the status of players in relation to sports achievement motivation. For purpose of the study forty (twenty hockey and twenty three cricket) were selected from Banaras Hindu University. Subjects’ sports achievement motivation was measured by inventory developed by M.L Kamlesh., Data was collected by administering questionnaire inter university camp. All the necessar...

  1. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF SPORTS COMPETION ANXIETY, SELF CONFIDENCE AND SPORTS ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION AMONG DIFFERENT LEVEL OF HOCKEY PLAYERS

    OpenAIRE

    N. Mallesh; Gandhi, R

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to find out the sports competition anxiety, selfconfidence and sports achievement motivation among inter district, inter collegiate and inter university Hockey players. For achieving the purpose of the study total of 90 subjects were selected as samples consisted 30 each inter district, inter collegiate, and inter university men players. Their age groups of the subjects were between 19 to 28 years.The psychological tools used in this study were...

  2. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF SPORTS COMPETION ANXIETY, SELF CONFIDENCE AND SPORTS ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION AMONG DIFFERENT LEVEL OF HOCKEY PLAYERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N. Mallesh

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present study was to find out the sports competition anxiety, selfconfidence and sports achievement motivation among inter district, inter collegiate and inter university Hockey players. For achieving the purpose of the study total of 90 subjects were selected as samples consisted 30 each inter district, inter collegiate, and inter university men players. Their age groups of the subjects were between 19 to 28 years.The psychological tools used in this study were standardized. The Sports competitive anxiety was measured through standardized questionnaire, developed by Rainer Martens, Sports achievement motivation was measured through questionnaire developed by M.L. Kamlesh and Self-confidence was measured through standardized questionnaire developed by Robin's Vealey.

  3. Corruption in international sports and how it may be combatted

    OpenAIRE

    Wolfgang Maennig

    2008-01-01

    This contribution attempts a delimitation of the concept of corruption in sport and gives an overview of topical instances. It is thereby demonstrated why the definition of corruption in sport is especially problematic. The causes of the corruption and their social costs are analysed. The anti-corruption measures of the Amateur International Boxing Association (AIBA) and the German Football Association (DFB) are described. These are based on two fundamentally different approaches and can be r...

  4. Psychological Processes for Achieving and Coping with Stress in Sport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rotella, Robert J.

    Several exploratory studies have begun to look at the role of cognition on sport performance. An enriched understanding of the mental aspects of sport is emerging. Recently a team composed of researchers and a coach has attempted a closer understanding of the cognitive processes involved in the development of young athletes to their performance…

  5. Project Coach: Youth Development and Academic Achievement through Sport

    Science.gov (United States)

    Intrator, Sam M.; Siegel, Donald

    2008-01-01

    Researchers and educators have long tried to find the connection between participation in sport-related activities and academic and social development among youths. This article traces the conceptual ideas that led to the design of an after-school sports program (Project Coach). This program promotes positive youth and community development…

  6. The Effects of Participation versus Non-Participation in Interscholastic Sports on Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coleman, Jewell J.

    2010-01-01

    Research indicates that participation in interscholastic sports may not affect student academic achievement and self-esteem. The purpose of this study was to determine the effects of participation versus non-participation in interscholastic sports on the academic achievement and self-esteem of eighth grade students. Reading and math achievement…

  7. Franchise allocation in international sports business: Case of the NHL

    OpenAIRE

    Philippe, Marc-André

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY: The research sought to identify the franchise allocation criteria in international sports. The National Hockey League was used as a single case study, which focused on the league to understand how it would select a host city in the event of relocating a franchise in dire financial situation. Once the determinants of allocation have been identified, the thesis aimed at studying whether or not the Canadian market would be able to sustain additional National Hockey L...

  8. Market Impact of International Sporting and Cultural Events

    OpenAIRE

    António Miguel Martins; Ana Paula Serra

    2007-01-01

    This paper investigates the impact of international sporting and cultural events on national stock markets. We study market reaction to the announcements of the selected country hosting the Summer and Winter Olympic Games, the World Football Cup, the European Football Cup and World and Specialized Exhibitions. We also measure the market effects of the announcement of the nomination of the European Cultural City. First, we evaluate the abnormal returns of winning bidders at (and around) the an...

  9. Marketing activities to promote the subjects of management of sports events of international level

    OpenAIRE

    Попов [Aleksandr Popov], Олександр Вікторович

    2013-01-01

    Done identify the organizational and managerial conditions integrated marketing activities for the improvement of the sports events with international standards. Presents a comprehensive description of the conditions and management of marketing activities of entities conducting sports events of international level, which is the result of analysis of the literature, document analysis, systems analysis, survey. Established that a comprehensive marketing activities of sports organizations curren...

  10. Sport activities, learning achievement and self-esteem of fourteen year old pupils

    OpenAIRE

    Meško, Maja; Videmšek, Mateja; Gregorc, Jera; Karpljuk, Damir; Štihec, Jože; Videmšek, Tasja

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine whether there are differences in learning achievements and self-esteem of fourteen-year old pupils according to how often they engaged in sports. We tried to find out whether pupils, who are more often involved in sport activities, have better self-esteem and better learning achievement, and whether pupils with better learning achievement have better self-esteem. We interviewed 168 9th grade primary school pupils. The data was analyzed with the stati...

  11. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF SPORTS ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION BETWEEN HOCKEY AND CRICKET PLAYERS OF BANARAS HINDU UNIVERSITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mukti Singh Srinet,

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study was to compare the sports achievement motivation between hockey and cricket players and also to find out the status of players in relation to sports achievement motivation. For purpose of the study forty (twenty hockey and twenty three cricket were selected from Banaras Hindu University. Subjects’ sports achievement motivation was measured by inventory developed by M.L Kamlesh., Data was collected by administering questionnaire inter university camp. All the necessary instructions were given to students and were convinced to answer the entire question honestly. To find out the difference independent t-test was used at 0.05 level of significance. Findings of the study revealed that there is no significant difference between hockey and cricket players in relation to sports achievement motivation as calculated t (1.95 was less than tabulated t value (2.02 at 0.05 level of significance. Age and similar environmental factor might have brought no significant difference between hockey and cricket players in relation to sports achievement motivation.

  12. ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION AND SELF-ESTEEM OF STUDENTS PRACTISING SWIMMING IN SPORT SECTIONS OF AZS (ACADEMIC SPORT ASSOCIATION) AT UNIVERSITIES IN WROCLAW

    OpenAIRE

    Romanowska-tołłoczko, Anna; Marks, Mirosława; Tomczak, Rafał

    2007-01-01

    The aim of the research was to establish the level of achievement motivation and self-esteem among students practising swimming in sport sections of AZS. The results indicate that the investigated group represent higher than average level of self-esteem and motivation for achievement. Such high results are not common. On the basis of the obtained data it can be speculated that it a given type of sports discipline, i.e. swimming, demands high motivation for achievement. Moreover, the achieved ...

  13. 中国体育教练成就全球展示《国际体育教练体系》中国首发%A Global Exhibition of Chinese Sports Coaches Achievements & The First Issue of The International Coaching Framework in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟秉枢

    2012-01-01

    Capital University of Phyical Education and Sports, Beijing, China, has witnessed, from April 26th to 28th, 2012, International Council for Coach Education Seminar 'Coaching in Asia: Past, Present and Future' and Meeting #4 - International Sport Coaching Framework Working Group. More than 30 experts of sports coach education from international organizations such as ICCE, ASOIF, ISAF, IAAF, coaches association or universities from different countries or regions like England, Canada, Portugal, Spain and Hong Kong attended the seminar.%2012年4月25—26日,“国际体育教练体系”第4次工作组会暨“亚洲体育教练:过去·现在·未来”研讨会在首都体育学院举行。本刊选登部分内容。

  14. EXAMINING THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF SPORTS SCIENCES FACULTY STUDENTS: THE CASE OF FIRAT UNIVERSITY

    OpenAIRE

    GÜNDOĞDU, Cemal; ÇELEBİ, Evrim

    2015-01-01

    The most emphasised aspect of teaching is student achievement. It is the reason for teaching and the product teaching produces. The potential of a well - qualified workforce with high academic achievement is thought to be the primary factor in the development of a society. This study was designed to examine the academic achievement of students studying at the Sports Sciences Faculty of Fırat University in terms of a ...

  15. Organizational structure and basic functions of international convention «SportAссord» activity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina Dolbysheva

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to define and determine the basic functions of International convention “SportAссord” activity within the framework of international sport movement. Materials and Methods: 21 literary sources have been analyzed. Results: International convention “SportAссord” is a nongovernmental sport organization, which unites, supports, coordinates and protects international sport federations and organizations in the international sport movement. “SportAссord” does its activities in accordance with United Nations General Assembly Resolution 1296 (XLIV, provisions of the International Olympic Charter and Code of Ethics, grounding on World Anti-Doping Code. The president is the head of administrative office, with the departments and board of executive body under control. General Assembly is the supreme authority, which carries out the range of basic tasks and grants authority to the management of “SportAccord” and its members for them to fulfill general and special functions. Conclusions: the International convention “SportAccord” activity is aimed at carrying out tasks by fulfilling general and special functions on the basis of international and internal legal documents.

  16. Achievement motivation, competitiveness and sports performance in a team of sportsmen soccer players between 14 and 24 years old

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejo García-Naveira

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available In order to identify to what extent competitiveness trait is related to sport performance in soccer, and to what extent the age and sport category can influence these variables, a descriptive cross-sectional study has been developed. The variables age, sport category, sport performance, achievement motivation (Me, motivation to avoid the failure (Mef and competitiveness trait have been assessed in 151 men soccer players (between 14 and 24 y.o. of a Spanish sport club. The results indicated that the sport performance ascends with age. Consequently, a direct relationship between the sport category and the performance has been observed. Me, Mef and competitiveness trait have been associated with the performance and has varied based on the sport category. No correlation between Me, Mef, competitiveness and age of the sportsmen has been found

  17. Team Sports Achievement and Self-Esteem Development among Urban Adolescent Girls

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedersen, Sara; Seidman, Edward

    2004-01-01

    In this study we investigate the contribution of achievement in team sports to adolescent girls' self-esteem development. Adolescent girls (N = 247) from racially and ethnically diverse backgrounds were surveyed as part of a larger study investigating the development of poor urban youth. Participants responded to items tapping global self-esteem,…

  18. International energy technology collaboration: benefits and achievements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The IEA Energy Technology Collaboration Programme facilitates international collaboration on energy technology research, development and deployment. More than 30 countries are involved in Europe, America, Asia, Australasia and Africa. The aim is to accelerate the development and deployment of new energy technologies to meet energy security, environmental and economic development goals. Costs and resources are shared among participating governments, utilities, corporations and universities. By co-operating, they avoid unproductive duplication and maximize the benefits from research budgets. The IEA Programme results every year in hundreds of publications which disseminate information about the latest energy technology developments and their commercial utilisation. The IEA Energy Technology Collaboration Programme operates through a series of agreements among governments. This report details the activities and achievements of all 41 agreements, covering energy technology information centres and Research and Development projects in fossil fuels, renewable energy efficient end-use, and nuclear fusion technologies. (authors). 58 refs., 9 tabs

  19. A Comparison between Learning Style Preferences, Gender, Sport and Achievement in Elite Team Sport Athletes

    OpenAIRE

    Andrea Braakhuis; Tea Williams; Elizabeth Fusco; Shawn Hueglin; Alex Popple

    2015-01-01

    Athletes have preferences for the way in which they internalize and process information, whether that is visual, aural, by-doing (kinesthetic), reading or a mixture of preferences. Health professionals that interact with athletes rarely consider the individual learning style prior to any communication or education, despite mounting evidence for the benefits of learning-style tailored education. The aim of this study was to characterize athletes with regards to their preferred learning style....

  20. 1st International Workshop on Complex Systems in Sports - Proceedings

    OpenAIRE

    Guervós, Juan Julián Merelo; Cotta, Carlos; Mora, Antonio M.

    2011-01-01

    Online proceedings for the first workshop on complex systems in sports; index pointing to the papers that will be presented and discussed in that workshop. The papers deal with sports from a complex systems point of view, and include papers on a network analysis of the performance of the Spanish team in the 2010 world cup and basketball scoring, study of populations of sports fans, try to select attributes for sports forecasting and finally try to analyze the physical condition from the persp...

  1. 2nd International Colloquium on Sports Science, Exercise, Engineering and Technology 2015

    CERN Document Server

    Sulaiman, Norasrudin; Adnan, Rahmat

    2016-01-01

    The proceeding is a collection of research papers presented at the 2nd International Colloquium on Sports Science, Exercise, Engineering and Technology (ICoSSEET2015), a conference dedicated to address the challenges in the areas of sports science, exercise, sports engineering and technology including other areas of sports, thereby presenting a consolidated view to the interested researchers in the aforesaid fields. The goal of this conference was to bring together researchers and practitioners from academia and industry to focus on the scope of the conference and establishing new collaborations in these areas. The topics of interest are in mainly (1) Sports and Exercise Science (2) Sports Engineering and Technology Application (3) Sports Industry and Management.

  2. Development of a Conceptual Model in International Sport Tourism: Exploring Pre-and Post- Consumption Factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Danny Woo-Sik Choi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose is to develop a model of consumer behavior in international sport tourism that examines both pre-and post-consumption factors in international sport tourism. A secondary purpose is to address international visitation by introducing national culture as an important component of the model. The proposed model suggests that certain cultural characteristics influence an international sport tourist and these cultural characteristics impact both motivation and travel constraints. Motivation also has a direct relationship to travel constraints. Both motivation and travel constraints influence the tourist’s image of both the destination and the sporting event. Finally, trip quality leads to satisfaction, which mediates the relationship with intent to return. Discussion follows with application to understanding the purchase decision making process drawn from the literature in sport tourism, consumer behavior, cross cultural studies and information processing theory.

  3. Black High School Students' Participation in School-Sponsored Sports Activities: Effects on School Engagement and Achievement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordan, Will J.

    1999-01-01

    Examined the effects of sports participation on African American high school students' school engagement, academic achievement, and self-evaluation. Data from the National Educational Longitudinal Study of 1998 indicated that sports participation improved African American students' school engagement and academic self-confidence. There was a…

  4. International differences in sport medicine access and clinical management

    OpenAIRE

    Heron, Neil; Malliaropoulos, Nikolaos G.

    2013-01-01

    I undertook the 2012 ECOSEP travelling fellowship, sponsored by Bauerfeind, between May and August 2012, which involved visiting 5 European sport medicine centres and spending approximately one week in each centre. The 5 centres included: National Track and Field Centre, SEGAS, Thessaloniki, Greece; Professional School in Sport & Exercise Medicine, University of Barcelona, Spain; Sport Medicine Frankfurt Institute, Germany; Isokinetic Medical Group, FIFA Medical Centre of Excellence, Bologna,...

  5. Doping in sports and its spread to at-risk populations: an international review

    OpenAIRE

    Baron, David A.; MARTIN, DAVID M; ABOL MAGD, SAMIR

    2007-01-01

    Doping is now a global problem that follows international sporting events worldwide. International sports federations, led by the International Olympic Committee, have for the past half century attempted to stop the spread of this problem, with little effect. It was expected that, with educational programs, testing, and supportive medical treatment, this substance-abusing behavior would decrease. Unfortunately, this has not been the case. In fact, new, more powerful and unde...

  6. International society of sports nutrition position stand: Beta-Alanine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trexler, Eric T; Smith-Ryan, Abbie E; Stout, Jeffrey R; Hoffman, Jay R; Wilborn, Colin D; Sale, Craig; Kreider, Richard B; Jäger, Ralf; Earnest, Conrad P; Bannock, Laurent; Campbell, Bill; Kalman, Douglas; Ziegenfuss, Tim N; Antonio, Jose

    2015-01-01

    The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) provides an objective and critical review of the mechanisms and use of beta-alanine supplementation. Based on the current available literature, the conclusions of the ISSN are as follows: 1) Four weeks of beta-alanine supplementation (4-6 g daily) significantly augments muscle carnosine concentrations, thereby acting as an intracellular pH buffer; 2) Beta-alanine supplementation currently appears to be safe in healthy populations at recommended doses; 3) The only reported side effect is paraesthesia (tingling), but studies indicate this can be attenuated by using divided lower doses (1.6 g) or using a sustained-release formula; 4) Daily supplementation with 4 to 6 g of beta-alanine for at least 2 to 4 weeks has been shown to improve exercise performance, with more pronounced effects in open end-point tasks/time trials lasting 1 to 4 min in duration; 5) Beta-alanine attenuates neuromuscular fatigue, particularly in older subjects, and preliminary evidence indicates that beta-alanine may improve tactical performance; 6) Combining beta-alanine with other single or multi-ingredient supplements may be advantageous when supplementation of beta-alanine is high enough (4-6 g daily) and long enough (minimum 4 weeks); 7) More research is needed to determine the effects of beta-alanine on strength, endurance performance beyond 25 min in duration, and other health-related benefits associated with carnosine. PMID:26175657

  7. International Sports Events Organization and Execution as an Object of Legal Regulation

    OpenAIRE

    Vyacheslav A. Tutinas

    2012-01-01

    The contribution is focused on the international sports events organization and execution as an object of legal regulation, studies its structure and the degree of impact on the parameters of legal regulation.

  8. A Meta-Analysis of Self-Reported Achievement Goals and Nonself-Report Performance across Three Achievement Domains (Work, Sports, and Education)

    OpenAIRE

    Van Yperen, Nico W.; Blaga, Monica; Postmes, Tom

    2014-01-01

    During the past three decades, the achievement goal approach to achievement motivation has emerged as an influential area of research, and is dedicated to understanding the reasons behind the individual's drive to achieve competence and performance. However, the current literature on achievement goals is segmented rather than integrated. That is, citations across the three major and distinct achievement domains (work, education, and sports) are more the exception than the rule and similaritie...

  9. Report on the third International Martial Arts and Combat Sports Scientific Society (IMACSSS) Conference

    OpenAIRE

    Dominique Brizin

    2015-01-01

    The present report provides a brief account of the Conference “Man - Martial Arts - Humanism”, held by the International Martial Arts and Combat Sport Scientific Society (IMACSSS) on October 15th - 17th, 2014 in Rzeszów, Poland. During this international conference, scientists from various universities presented their actual projects and results of their latest projects in the field of martial arts and combat sports (MA&CS). Subjects covered a wide range, starting with anthropology, sociology...

  10. International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and performance

    OpenAIRE

    Wildman Robert; Graves B Sue; Stout Jeff; Willoughby Darryn; Taylor Lem; Wilborn Colin; Campbell Bill; Kreider Richard; Kalman Doug; Ziegenfuss Tim; Goldstein Erica R; Ivy John L; Spano Marie; Smith Abbie E; Antonio Jose

    2010-01-01

    Abstract Position Statement: The position of The Society regarding caffeine supplementation and sport performance is summarized by the following seven points: 1.) Caffeine is effective for enhancing sport performance in trained athletes when consumed in low-to-moderate dosages (~3-6 mg/kg) and overall does not result in further enhancement in performance when consumed in higher dosages (≥ 9 mg/kg). 2.) Caffeine exerts a greater ergogenic effect when consumed in an anhydrous state as compared ...

  11. sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    正Nowadays,high school students hold different opinions about after-class activities.There are two quite different phenomenonena.Some students are crazy about sports and some other activities.They spend much time in joining the outdoor activities and varies of groups,and also,making new friends.However,they pay a little attention to their studies.

  12. Piecing the puzzle together: case studies of international research in health-promoting sports clubs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kokko, Sami; Donaldson, Alex; Geidne, Susanna; Seghers, Jan; Scheerder, Jeroen; Meganck, Jeroen; Lane, Aoife; Kelly, Bridget; Casey, Meghan; Eime, Rochelle; Villberg, Jari; Kannas, Lasse

    2016-03-01

    This paper seeks to review the current international health-promoting sports club (HPSC) research, drawing together findings based on case studies from various countries to illustrate the status of HPSCs. In addition, future challenges for HPSC research and implementation are considered. The review includes six case studies from five countries. In summary, there are two major research themes in this area, namely 'research into HPSC activity' and 'research into HPSC networks'. The first theme investigates the extent to which sports clubs and/or national sports organisations invest in health promotion (HP) - both in policy and practice. The latter theme is driven by an intention to widen the scope of HPSCs to reach novel internal actors, like parents, siblings, etc., and/or external non-sporting bodies, like communities, schools, etc. The future challenges for HPSC research require a better understanding of the motives, barriers and capacities of sports clubs and coaches. Sports organisations, clubs and coaches generally support the intent of the HPSC concept, but even with the best evidence- or theory-based HP programmes/guidelines/standards, nothing will happen in practice if the nature and capacities of sports clubs are not better acknowledged. Therefore, a call for embracing implementation science is finally made to enhance implementation. PMID:27199020

  13. Perspectives of Turkish Intern and Non-Intern Students towards Sport Management Internship within the Context of Field Experience

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coknaz, Dilsad

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine differences between intern and non-intern students in terms of their perspectives on sport management internship within the context of field experience. The subjects of the study were a total of 189 students. They were 4th year students who completed their internship and 3rd year students who were yet to…

  14. Empirical links between achievement goal theory and self-determination theory in sport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ntoumanis, N

    2001-06-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the empirical links between achievement goal theory and self-determination theory in sport. Addressing theoretical and methodological limitations of previous research, the study tested the independent and interactive effects of goal orientations and perceived competence on seven motivational variables with different degrees of self-determination. Regression analyses of data collected from 247 British university students showed that task orientation predicted motivational variables with high self-determination. In contrast, ego orientation predicted motivational variables with low self-determination. Perceived competence predicted both high self-determined and low self-determined motivational variables. A significant interaction emerged between task and ego orientations in predicting external regulation. The results suggest the adaptive role of task orientation in facilitating self-determined motivation in sport. However, the findings are not conclusive, as the variance explained in most analyses was relatively small. Suggestions are offered for a more comprehensive empirical testing of the links between the two theories. PMID:11411776

  15. EXAMINING THE ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT OF SPORTS SCIENCES FACULTY STUDENTS: THE CASE OF FIRAT UNIVERSITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cemal GÜNDOĞDU

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The most emphasised aspect of teaching is student achievement. It is the reason for teaching and the product teaching produces. The potential of a well - qualified workforce with high academic achievement is thought to be the primary factor in the development of a society. This study was designed to examine the academic achievement of students studying at the Sports Sciences Faculty of Fırat University in terms of a set of variables. The entire population was included, and the study was conducted with 684 students (80.1%. A que stionnaire developed by the researchers was used as the data - gathering instrument. The data were evaluated using a statistical package program, and presented as frequency, percentage and means. The Kruskal Wallis and Mann - Whitney U tests were used to analy se the data. This research found that there was a significant relationship between the students’ academic achievement scores and their age, gender, mothers' state of employment, place of residence, departments, year of study and type of education (p<0.05.

  16. International Olympic Committee consensus statement: harassment and abuse (non-accidental violence) in sport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mountjoy, Margo; Brackenridge, Celia; Arrington, Malia; Blauwet, Cheri; Carska-Sheppard, Andrea; Fasting, Kari; Kirby, Sandra; Leahy, Trisha; Marks, Saul; Martin, Kathy; Starr, Katherine; Tiivas, Anne; Budgett, Richard

    2016-09-01

    Despite the well-recognised benefits of sport, there are also negative influences on athlete health, well-being and integrity caused by non-accidental violence through harassment and abuse. All athletes have a right to engage in 'safe sport', defined as an athletic environment that is respectful, equitable and free from all forms of non-accidental violence to athletes. Yet, these issues represent a blind spot for many sport organisations through fear of reputational damage, ignorance, silence or collusion. This consensus statement extends the 2007 IOC Consensus Statement on Sexual Harassment and Abuse in Sport, presenting additional evidence of several other types of harassment and abuse-psychological, physical and neglect. All ages and types of athletes are susceptible to these problems but science confirms that elite, disabled, child and lesbian/gay/bisexual/trans-sexual (LGBT) athletes are at highest risk, that psychological abuse is at the core of all other forms and that athletes can also be perpetrators. Harassment and abuse arise from prejudices expressed through power differences. Perpetrators use a range of interpersonal mechanisms including contact, non-contact/verbal, cyber-based, negligence, bullying and hazing. Attention is paid to the particular risks facing child athletes, athletes with a disability and LGBT athletes. Impacts on the individual athlete and the organisation are discussed. Sport stakeholders are encouraged to consider the wider social parameters of these issues, including cultures of secrecy and deference that too often facilitate abuse, rather than focusing simply on psychopathological causes. The promotion of safe sport is an urgent task and part of the broader international imperative for good governance in sport. A systematic multiagency approach to prevention is most effective, involving athletes, entourage members, sport managers, medical and therapeutic practitioners, educators and criminal justice agencies. Structural and

  17. International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goldstein, Erica R; Ziegenfuss, Tim; Kalman, Doug; Kreider, Richard; Campbell, Bill; Wilborn, Colin; Taylor, Lem; Willoughby, Darryn; Stout, Jeff; Graves, B Sue; Wildman, Robert; Ivy, John L; Spano, Marie; Smith, Abbie E; Antonio, Jose

    2010-01-01

    Position Statement: The position of The Society regarding caffeine supplementation and sport performance is summarized by the following seven points: 1.) Caffeine is effective for enhancing sport performance in trained athletes when consumed in low-to-moderate dosages (~3-6 mg/kg) and overall does not result in further enhancement in performance when consumed in higher dosages (>/= 9 mg/kg). 2.) Caffeine exerts a greater ergogenic effect when consumed in an anhydrous state as compared to coffee. 3.) It has been shown that caffeine can enhance vigilance during bouts of extended exhaustive exercise, as well as periods of sustained sleep deprivation. 4.) Caffeine is ergogenic for sustained maximal endurance exercise, and has been shown to be highly effective for time-trial performance. 5.) Caffeine supplementation is beneficial for high-intensity exercise, including team sports such as soccer and rugby, both of which are categorized by intermittent activity within a period of prolonged duration. 6.) The literature is equivocal when considering the effects of caffeine supplementation on strength-power performance, and additional research in this area is warranted. 7.) The scientific literature does not support caffeine-induced diuresis during exercise, or any harmful change in fluid balance that would negatively affect performance. PMID:20205813

  18. International society of sports nutrition position stand: caffeine and performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wildman Robert

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Position Statement: The position of The Society regarding caffeine supplementation and sport performance is summarized by the following seven points: 1. Caffeine is effective for enhancing sport performance in trained athletes when consumed in low-to-moderate dosages (~3-6 mg/kg and overall does not result in further enhancement in performance when consumed in higher dosages (≥ 9 mg/kg. 2. Caffeine exerts a greater ergogenic effect when consumed in an anhydrous state as compared to coffee. 3. It has been shown that caffeine can enhance vigilance during bouts of extended exhaustive exercise, as well as periods of sustained sleep deprivation. 4. Caffeine is ergogenic for sustained maximal endurance exercise, and has been shown to be highly effective for time-trial performance. 5. Caffeine supplementation is beneficial for high-intensity exercise, including team sports such as soccer and rugby, both of which are categorized by intermittent activity within a period of prolonged duration. 6. The literature is equivocal when considering the effects of caffeine supplementation on strength-power performance, and additional research in this area is warranted. 7. The scientific literature does not support caffeine-induced diuresis during exercise, or any harmful change in fluid balance that would negatively affect performance.

  19. A meta-analysis of self-reported achievement goals and nonself-report performance across three achievement domains (work, sports, and education.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nico W Van Yperen

    Full Text Available During the past three decades, the achievement goal approach to achievement motivation has emerged as an influential area of research, and is dedicated to understanding the reasons behind the individual's drive to achieve competence and performance. However, the current literature on achievement goals is segmented rather than integrated. That is, citations across the three major and distinct achievement domains (work, education, and sports are more the exception than the rule and similarities and differences between findings for the different achievement domains have yet to be tested. The purpose of the present study was to examine the relationships between self-reported achievement goals and nonself-report performance through meta-analysis, and the moderating potential of achievement domain. Identifying achievement domain as moderator improves our understanding to which contexts we can (not generalize conclusions to, it helps to understand seemingly inconsistent findings, and opens avenues for future research on the underlying processes. Because the achievement goal (AG measure used in a study is partially confounded with achievement domain, we examined the moderating role of this variable as well. Our findings suggest that - overall - approach goals (either mastery or performance were associated positively with performance attainment, whereas avoidance goals (either mastery or performance were associated negatively with performance attainment. These relationships were moderated by achievement domain. For example, relative to the education or work domain, in the sports domain, we did not observe negative correlations between avoidance goals and performance. The absence of statistical moderation due to AG measure suggests that the observed moderation of achievement domain cannot be explained by the AG measure utilized. We suggest further steps to integrate the achievement goal literature, and accordingly, to broaden and deepen understanding of

  20. Sports sponsorship as an international marketing communications tool – A multiple case study of Finnish companies

    OpenAIRE

    Salo, Hanne

    2011-01-01

    Research objectives – Sponsorship as a marketing communications tool increasingly attracts academic interest; however, the international aspect of the practice of sponsorship has not yet been extensively studied. The purpose of this study is to examine how sports sponsorship is utilizable as an instrument of international marketing communications in an effective manner in context of companies’ international operations. The theoretical part of the study aims to isolate the characteristic...

  1. THE LEVEL AND AGE DYNAMICS OF SPORTS ACHIEVEMENTS OF ATHLETES-VETERANS OF THE HAMMER THROW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivanova Natalya Dmitrievna

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the records of the world and Russian athletes veterans in the hammer throw, starting with the age group 35-39 years and up to age group 100-104 years, and a comparison of the records of veterans subject to an age factor and of the high scores of athletes in the current sports. The aim of the work is to analyze the level and dynamics of the records of the world and Russian athletes, veterans in the hammer throw in each five-year group starting with the age group 35-39 years and up to age group 100-104 years. The novelty of the work consists in comparison of the records of the world and Russia in the hammer throw active athletes and records of veterans with the amendment to the age factor. Analysis of the level and age dynamics of sports achievements of domestic and foreign athletes-throwers older age groups. In the course of the research it is established, that in the throwing hammer, decreasing absolute (without regard to the age factor results, which is largely due to the natural age-related changes in the organism of athletes. Records of the world athletes-veterans compared with the records of active athletes and the transition from each of the five-year group in the following, decline on average in men by 10,0%, among women by 19,3%, in spite of the fact that the weight of the shells in the hammer throw with age decreases. Presented the reasons for the backwardness of Russian athletes older than 35 years of foreign veterans.

  2. Volunteerism and international sport organisations: XVII. Mediterranean Games

    OpenAIRE

    ESENTAS, Melike; UNLU, Hulya; GUZEL, Pinar; OZBEY, Selhan

    2015-01-01

    After the recent candidacy process and while the Olympic Games are going on to be a dream, very important and large-scale organizations are continuing to be done in our Country. The head of them is XVII. Mediterranean Games which can not be placed in Greece because of economical reasons. One of the most important activities as such large and the successful execution of the multi-level voluntary organization of sporting events lead voluntary organization. The aim of this study; is to determina...

  3. Banned drugs in sport. Does the International Olympic Committee (IOC) list need updating?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mottram, D R

    1999-01-01

    The International Olympic Committee (IOC) published the first list of doping classes in 1967. Since that time, there have been significant problems associated with doping control in sport. Sport is a high profile, internationally recognised activity. However, operational inconsistencies exist between countries and between sports federations. Endogenous substances, such as testosterone, human growth hormone (hGH) and erythropoietin (Epo) present particular problems in determining what constitutes 'normal' levels in athletes. In addition, there is no reliable method available for the detection of hGH and Epo through urine testing. Athletes continue to test positive for banned drugs that are available over-the-counter despite their having been taken inadvertently, without intent to enhance performance. Marijuana use is becoming widespread in society and the impact of this in sport is becoming evident. Doping control, through the IOC list, must continue as a primary objective for the IOC and the sports federations. Constant vigilance and a continued willingness to respond rapidly to change is a prerequisite for such a list. The IOC appears to recognise this need. There are, however, more fundamental issues to be considered. The concept of doping control must be supported by high quality research, effective education and international collaboration. More research is needed into the factors which induce an athlete to take drugs and into the effect, if any, that education on drugs is having on competitors. The most important area for change is the overriding need for international collaboration between the IOC, governments and sports federations. This applies to uniformity in the rules and regulations, consistency in the application and level of sanctions and cooperation on the dissemination of information and development of education policies. PMID:10028129

  4. The Effect of Interscholastic Sports Participation on Academic Achievement of Middle Level School Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephens, Larry J.; Schaben, Laura A.

    2002-01-01

    Eighth graders (N = 136) were divided into two groups: students who had participated in at least one interscholastic sport and were classified as athletes (n = 73), and students who had not participated in interscholastic sports and were classified as nonathletes (n = 63). The mean grade point average (GPA) for each group and subgroup was computed…

  5. IOC women and sport awards 2015

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    The IOC Women and Sport Awards were introduced in 2000 to recognise the outstanding achievements and contributions of those who promote gender equality in sport. Every year, the IOC invites each National Olympic Committee, International Federation and Continental Association to nomiate a person or association active in promoting gender equality and the presence of women in their sport or country. An IOC jury composed of members of the IOC Women in Sport Commission reviews the nominations and ...

  6. Sport development and community development.

    OpenAIRE

    Lindsey, I.; Adams, A.

    2013-01-01

    The potential of sport to contribute to community development has increasingly gained global prominence in recent years. This alignment of sport with community development can be attributed to the general view of sport as morally benign (Coalter, 2007) and its increasing salience to both international bodies and national governments as a mechanism to achieve particular local policy objectives (Houlihan and Green, 2009). The United Nations (2003, p5), for example, states its belief that “s...

  7. EFFECT OF NEGATIVE EMOTIONAL RESPONSE TO COMPETITIVE STRESSORS ON SPORTS ACHIEVEMENTS OF BASKETBALL PLAYERS

    OpenAIRE

    Santosh Bajpai; Avinash Yadav

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the present study is to compare sports competitive anxiety between national, state and district level male basketball players. For present study, 100 national level male basketball players (Ave. age 25.12 yrs.), 100 state level male basketball players (Ave. age 22.34 yrs.) and 100 district level male basketball players (Ave. age 21.92 yrs.) were selected as sample. The sample was collected through convenience sampling method. Sports Competitive Anxiety Test (SCAT) constructed and s...

  8. International Group Heterogeneity and Students' Business Project Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ding, Ning; Bosker, Roel J.; Xu, Xiaoyan; Rugers, Lucie; van Heugten, Petra PAM

    2015-01-01

    In business higher education, group project work plays an essential role. The purpose of the present study is to explore the relationship between the group heterogeneity of students' business project groups and their academic achievements at both group and individual levels. The sample consists of 536 freshmen from an International Business School…

  9. Principal Leadership and Mathematics Achievement: An International Comparative Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shin, Seon-Hi; Slater, Charles L.

    2010-01-01

    This study investigated the differences and similarities in the impact of school leadership on student mathematics achievement in different global regions using TIMSS international data. Three-level unconditional and conditional hierarchical models were fitted to the data in each country. The findings showed that the variables of teacher…

  10. The influence of parents on achievement orientation and motivation for sport of adolescent athletes with and whithout disabilities

    OpenAIRE

    Gutiérrez Sanmartín, Melchor; Caus i Pertegaz, Núria; Ruiz Pérez, Luis Miguel

    2011-01-01

    The purpose was three-fold. First, to analyze the psychometric properties of scales used. Second, to test the relationship among athletes’ perceptions of parents’ goal orientation and their own goal orientation and intrinsic motivation. Third, to compare athletes with and without disabilities with respect to the infuence of parents on athletes’ achievement orientation and motivation for sport. Participants were 173 amateur athletes (80 with disabilities, 93 without disabilitie...

  11. International Society of Sports Nutrition Position Stand: beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB)

    OpenAIRE

    Wilson Jacob M; Fitschen Peter J; Campbell Bill; Wilson Gabriel J; Zanchi Nelo; Taylor Lem; Wilborn Colin; Kalman Douglas S; Stout Jeffrey R; Hoffman Jay R; Ziegenfuss Tim N; Lopez Hector L; Kreider Richard B; Smith-Ryan Abbie E; Antonio Jose

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Position Statement: The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN) bases the following position stand on a critical analysis of the literature on the use of beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB) as a nutritional supplement. The ISSN has concluded the following. 1. HMB can be used to enhance recovery by attenuating exercise induced skeletal muscle damage in trained and untrained populations. 2. If consuming HMB, an athlete will benefit from consuming the supplement in close pro...

  12. The practice of applied sport, exercise, and performance psychology: Irish and international perspectives

    OpenAIRE

    Campbell, Mark; Moran, Aidan P.

    2014-01-01

    As Chapter 1 has shown, considerable disagreement exists about the boundaries between the fields of sport, exercise, and performance psychology (SEPP). Given this background of uncertainty, the present chapter will focus on establishing some common ground between these disciplines. More precisely, it will investigate Irish and international perspectives on the key skills required by effective SEPP practitioners to help people to do their best when it matters most. We have organ...

  13. Prioritizing of National Olympic Sports Federations

    OpenAIRE

    Kraytem, Ezzat Ghazi; Chelladurai, Packianathan

    2012-01-01

    Achieving international and especially Olympic sporting success has become increasingly important to a growing number of countries. As competition in international sports arenas is on the increase, more nations are adopting strategic policies to develop world-class athletes in order to attain a place on the podiums. Governments have become more willing to intervene directly in elite sports development by strategically making considerable financial investment thus leading to the increase in in...

  14. Examination of Academic Achievement in Early Adolescence: A Comparison for Adolesence with Visual Impairments Doing Sport or Not Doing Sport

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taskin, Cengiz

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was examination of academic achievement of early adolescents with visual impairments. Eighty eight children from Turkey, (age = 12.30 ± 1.22 years; height = 144.10 ± 5.51 cm; weight = 41.45 ± 4.68 kg) for twenty female athletes, (age = 12.30 ± 1.79; height = 151.04 ± 7.49 cm; weight = 48.18 ± 7.63 kg) for twenty seven male…

  15. THE EFFECTS OF SPORTING HABIT ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENTS AND LEVEL OF LEARNED HELPLESSNESS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet İMAMOĞLU

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to analyse the effects of habit of doing sports in 8th grade students’ academic achivements and level of learned helplessness.The research group consists of totally 408 8th grade students ( 213 girls and 195 boys who are in Bolu, Gerede. Depressive Attributional Style Questionnaire which is developed by Seligman and the others (1984 and adopted to Turkish and made standardization by Aydın (1985 is used with the aim of testing the level of learned helplessness. Demographic survey is applied to the students. Kruksal Wallis and Mann Whitney U tests are used for statistical analysis of data.As a result of research findings, any significant differences can’t be found between the students’ level of learned helplessness who do sport or not (p>0.05. Similarly, it is determined that there is no effect of habit of doing sports in academic achivements (p> 0.05. It is observed that academic achivement doesn’t affect the level of learned helplessness (p>0.05. It is determined that parents’ education levels, professions, income states and students’ gender don’t differentiate the level of learned helplessness (p>0.05.As a consequence it is concluded that the habit of doing sport doesn’t affect 8th grade students’ level of learned helplessness and academic achivemens.

  16. Inside the brain of an elite athlete: The neural processes that support high achievement in sports

    OpenAIRE

    Yarrow, K.; Brown, P.; Krakauer, J. W.

    2009-01-01

    Events like the World Championships in athletics and the Olympic Games raise the public profile of competitive sports. They may also leave us wondering what sets the competitors in these events apart from those of us who simply watch. Here we attempt to link neural and cognitive processes that have been found to be important for elite performance with computational and physiological theories inspired by much simpler laboratory tasks. In this way we hope to inspire neuroscientists to consider ...

  17. Globalization of the sports economy

    OpenAIRE

    Wladimir Andreff

    2008-01-01

    Introduction – 1. Major features of a globalized sports economy – 2. International economic flows in a global sports economy – 3. Globalization as geographical spread of the sports economy – 4. Globalization of professional sports – Conclusion – References

  18. THE EFFECTS OF SPORTING HABIT ON STUDENTS’ ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENTS AND LEVEL OF LEARNED HELPLESSNESS

    OpenAIRE

    Mehmet İMAMOĞLU; ÇEBİ, Mehmet; Tülin ATAN; Murat ELİÖZ

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to analyse the effects of habit of doing sports in 8th grade students’ academic achivements and level of learned helplessness.The research group consists of totally 408 8th grade students ( 213 girls and 195 boys) who are in Bolu, Gerede. Depressive Attributional Style Questionnaire which is developed by Seligman and the others (1984) and adopted to Turkish and made standardization by Aydın (1985) is used with the aim of testing the level of learned helplessness. ...

  19. International assistance programmes in accession countries: Problems and achievements

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The question of the safety of nuclear installations goes beyond national borders, as was dramatically highlighted by the Chernobyl accident in 1986. The citizens of all EU Member States are concerned about the level of safety of nuclear installations in all the Member States and outside the Union also. In the early nineties the EU decided to take a prominent role in the international efforts to help the New Independent States and Central and Eastern European countries to improve their levels of nuclear safety. The EU Member States charged the EC with this responsibility. The two major instruments put in place by the EC to deliver the required assistance to these countries have been the Tacis1 and Phare2 programmes. In addition, the EU has Euratom loans and a number of small grant programmes at its disposal. Other Community initiatives have also contributed to enhancing nuclear safety in these countries: Euratom Framework Research Programme, Concertation on European Regulatory Tasks (CONCERT) Group, G-24 Nuclear Safety Assistance Co-ordination (NUSAC), etc. The paper is structured as follows: - Introduction; Strategy; Evaluation of nuclear safety in candidate countries; Implementation of the PHARE nuclear safety programme; Decommissioning; Main achievements - impact; The way forward; Some European web sites of interest

  20. State of the art in physical activity and sport sciences from the analysis of the 6th International Conference of the Spanish Sport Sciences Association: management and scientific perspectives Estado del arte en las Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte a través del VI Congreso de la AECD: Perspectivas científicas y organizativas

    OpenAIRE

    Reina, R.

    2010-01-01

    This paper analyzes, from a qualitative and quantitative and qualitative point of view, the scientific production presented in 6th International Conference of the Spanish Sports Sciences Association, held in Elche in October 2010. It exposes the main contributions in sports training, exercise physiology, sport biomechanics, physical activity and health, control and motor learning, sports psychology, teaching in physical education and sport, recreation and sports management. We analyze the par...

  1. Research of PHD and Sports Education Media Master Thesis

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许晓峰

    2014-01-01

    The access to relevant literature, This paper has discussed the research situation and significance of International Sports Education Media Politics through accessing to some relevant documents and materials, and has selected some important research achievements of Doctors’ and Maters’ papers on the topic of International Sports Education Media Politics, and also made recommendation and comments, e.g.

  2. The paradox of measuring succes of nations in elite sport

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Bosscher, Veerle; Heyndels, B.; de Knop, Paul; van Bottenburg, M.; Shibli, Simon

    2008-01-01

    The achievement of international and especially Olympic sporting success is increasingly important to a growing number of countries. It is however not clear how success is defined and can be measured. The number of medals won in Olympics Games and other international sport competitions offers the mo

  3. Sports Involvement and Academic Achievement: A Study of Malaysian University Athletes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chuan, Chun Cheng; Yusof, Aminuddin; Shah, Parilah Mohd

    2013-01-01

    Factors that influence the academic achievement of Malaysian university athletes were investigated using 156 field hockey players from several universities. The relationship between team subculture, parental influence, the learning environment, support systems, financial aid, training factors, academic assistance, socialization, and stress level…

  4. Determining the Level of Achievement of Teaching Practice of the Student Teachers being educated in Physical Education and Sports Colleges

    OpenAIRE

    Ayse Feray Ozbal; Hamdi Pepe

    2015-01-01

    This Research is carried out to determine the effects of teaching application at education Physical Education and Sports Teacher on the students who are studying at Physical Education and Sport Teaching Department. The research has been carried out to 4 th Grade Students who are studying at Selcuk University Faculty of Education Physical Education and Sports Teaching Department. SPPS Package Program was used for calculating and evaluation of the collected data. The data were summarized by giv...

  5. “ESP”理论视角下的大型国际赛事体育英语翻译现状分析%Present Situation and the Countermeasure Research on Sports English Interpretation in Chinese International Sporting Events

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨飞

    2015-01-01

    In recent years,China'sports undertakings have become more and more marketized and the successful hos-ting of the 2008 Beijing Olympic Games has further promoted international sports exchanges between China and foreign countries. However,sports English translation in international sports vents has constituted one of the major factors restricting the development of China's international sports events. Therefore,China's sports devel-opment urgently calls for high - quality sports English translation to meet corresponding needs. The fast devel-opment of large - scale international sporting events has highlighted the scarcity of sports interpreters in China. This paper,on the basis of ESP(English for Specific Purpose),probes into the features of sports English and the problems in interpretation in the international sporting events. It further comes up with the corresponding strategies and countermeasure so as to provide a completely new perspective for cultivating qualified sports Eng-lish interpreters for international large - scale sporting events in China.%在国际赛事大力发展的今天,在国内举办的大型国际体育赛事也得到了长足的发展,与此同时国内体育英语翻译人才匮乏也逐渐凸显。基于此背景,文章以国内开展大型国际体育赛事为例,运用 ESP理论(English for Specific Purpose 专门用途英语)对体育英语的自身特点进行研究,分析大型体育赛事中体育英语翻译面临的主要问题,并提出相应的发展对策,以期为培养大型体育赛事体育英语翻译人才提供一个全新的视角。

  6. How much is too much? (Part 1) International Olympic Committee consensus statement on load in sport and risk of injury.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Soligard, Torbjørn; Schwellnus, Martin; Alonso, Juan-Manuel; Bahr, Roald; Clarsen, Ben; Dijkstra, H Paul; Gabbett, Tim; Gleeson, Michael; Hägglund, Martin; Hutchinson, Mark R; Janse van Rensburg, Christa; Khan, Karim M; Meeusen, Romain; Orchard, John W; Pluim, Babette M; Raftery, Martin; Budgett, Richard; Engebretsen, Lars

    2016-09-01

    Athletes participating in elite sports are exposed to high training loads and increasingly saturated competition calendars. Emerging evidence indicates that poor load management is a major risk factor for injury. The International Olympic Committee convened an expert group to review the scientific evidence for the relationship of load (defined broadly to include rapid changes in training and competition load, competition calendar congestion, psychological load and travel) and health outcomes in sport. We summarise the results linking load to risk of injury in athletes, and provide athletes, coaches and support staff with practical guidelines to manage load in sport. This consensus statement includes guidelines for (1) prescription of training and competition load, as well as for (2) monitoring of training, competition and psychological load, athlete well-being and injury. In the process, we identified research priorities. PMID:27535989

  7. PSYCHOSOCIAL SPORT MARKETING ATTITUDES OF

    OpenAIRE

    Boye, Thomas E

    2011-01-01

    One of the strategy implementations in the achievement of the Nigeria Sport policy development is effective sport marketing (Onifade, 1999). The Nigerian government has been said to be solely responsible for funding and marketing sports hence, achieving the sports developmental goal is at its lowest ebb (Esuku, 2001).This study examined the psychosocial sports marketing attitudes of the stakeholders in the achievement of sports goal by 2020. It also determined attitudes of stakeholders toward...

  8. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF SPORTS ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION BETWEEN QUALIFYING AND NON QUALIFYING TEAMS, OF NORTH ZONE INTER-UNIVERSITY HOCKEY TOURNAMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Khan Mohd. Tanveer; Mohd. Zafar

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of the present study was to compare the level of achievement motivation between the players of qualifying and non qualifying teams of north zone Inter-University hockey tournament held at Jamia Millia Islamia University, Delhi, India. For the purpose of the present investigation 40 male subjects (qualifying players=20 and non qualifying players =20) were considered as subjects of the study. Their age ranged from 17 to 25 years. The sports achievement motivation test developed by k...

  9. The highest achievements of Ukrainian powerlifting at international events during its origin and formation (1981-2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stetsenko A.I.

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose : to conduct a comparative analysis of performance of national teams in major international competitions in various stages of formation and development of the Ukrainian powerlifting. Material : analysis protocols World and European championships for men and women, juniors and juniors, boys and girls, the veterans. Results : the highest achievement systematized members of national teams of Ukraine. The data Ukrainian competitions for the period from 1989 to 2012. The largest number of participants recorded in 2001 (575 athletes. Oscillatory nature of the dynamics set number of wins Ukrainian athletes at different stages of development of the Ukrainian powerlifting. Noted that there are changes in the number pattern gold awards in conjunction with the number of participants of Ukrainian championships. Conclusion : experts recommend using the data analysis process of fundamental laws of modern development of the sport. Creatively to predict future trends and prospects in powerlifting.

  10. A meta-analytic review of the approach-avoidance achievement goals and performance relationships in the sport psychology literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc Lochbaum

    2015-06-01

    Conclusion: The performance goal contrast holds value for sport performance research. Contrary to approach-avoidance predictions, the mastery-approach goal and performance effect size was significant and of equal magnitude as the performance approach goal and performance effect size. Thus, future research should closely test the efficacy of both the mastery- and performance contrasts in impacting performance of sport tasks. Last, the significant effect sizes reported in this review are in stark contrast to contemporary meta-analytic findings in education. Differences in the approach-avoidance goals in sport and education relative to performance should be researched further.

  11. SPORTS AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Hanumanthayya Pujari

    2015-01-01

    Many studies have been done regarding the positive impact that athletics has on a student’s life. Studies have looked at the physical impact that athletics has on a student’s life like sportsmanship, healthy lifestyle, discipline, strategy, and time management. We will be looking at studies that have explored the impact that athletics has on students’ academic abilities. Academic success can be measured in many ways but we will explore grade point averages, math and...

  12. SPORTS AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanumanthayya Pujari

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Many studies have been done regarding the positive impact that athletics has on a student’s life. Studies have looked at the physical impact that athletics has on a student’s life like sportsmanship, healthy lifestyle, discipline, strategy, and time management. We will be looking at studies that have explored the impact that athletics has on students’ academic abilities. Academic success can be measured in many ways but we will explore grade point averages, math and English test scores, and graduation success rates to show the positive impact athletics has on a student’s academic abilities

  13. The origins of the International Olympic Committee Medical Commission and its technocratic regime: an historiographic investigation of anti-doping regulation and enforcement in international sport

    OpenAIRE

    Henne, Kathryn E.

    2010-01-01

    The research subject of this study is the development of anti-doping regulations - that is, the norms, institutions, and practices governing methods of perfomance enhancement in sport. In particular, it focuses on the origins of this regulatory regime under the jurisdiction of the International Olympic Committee (IOC) Medical Commission. Through archival research, this project engages the following historiographic question: What were the norms, institutions, and circumstances that led to the ...

  14. Differences in the Gained Results of the Male Students’ Achievements in First Year in Sport and Sport’s Activities Schooling

    OpenAIRE

    Mitrevski, Viktor; Georgiev, Georgi; Klincarov, Ilija; Popeska, Biljana

    2009-01-01

    The research conducted above 353 male and female high school students from few cities in Macedonia, needs three sub-examples of those examinee students. Those subexamples are all males and their number is 81 from first grade who regularly were attending the sport and sport’s activities schooling in different working conditions. With multi-variance and univariance analysis(MANOVA, ANOVA) there are differences among the achievements of the students, expressed by numerical mark grades in f...

  15. Substance abuse prevalence and its relation to scholastic achievement and sport factors: an analysis among adolescents of the Herzegovina–Neretva Canton in Bosnia and Herzegovina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sekulic Damir

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Substance abuse among adolescents is a major public health and social problem. However, studies rarely investigate the relationships between substance abuse, educational achievement and sport factors. Substance abuse is an even more significant problem in societies that have experienced trauma, such as Bosnia and Herzegovina, which have had recent wars. The aims of this study were to investigate substance abuse among adolescents in Bosnia and Herzegovina and to study the potential gender-specific relationships between a sport factors (physical activity/exercise/athletic participation and substance abuse and b scholastic achievement and substance abuse. Methods Our sample consisted of 1,032 adolescents who were 17 to 18 years old (435 boys and 597 girls and who were in the final grade of high school. These subjects were randomly selected from the territory of Herzegovina-Neretva Canton of Bosnia and Herzegovina. Retrospective testing was performed using an extensive self-administered questionnaire. The questionnaire included questions involving topics such as sociodemographic variables, scholastic variables, sport factors, and substance abuse data (smoking habits, drugs consumption and alcohol consumption using the AUDIT questionnaire. Descriptive statistics, frequencies, analyses of the differences and correlational analyses were performed. Results Our results found that greater than one-third of the boys and one-fourth of the girls were daily smokers, and almost half of the boys and one-fifth of the girls practiced harmful drinking; other drugs (i.e. heroin, cocaine, amphetamines, etc. were rarely consumed. Boys dominated in sport factors, whereas girls were more successful in scholastic achievement. Approximately 23% of the boys and 6% of the girls reported that they practiced harmful drinking and smoked simultaneously. Educational failure, which was defined as having one or more negative grades at the end of the last two

  16. Assisting member states to achieve international analytical standards

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    For more than forty years the IAEA has been assisting laboratories in its Member States to maintain and improve the quality and reliability of analytical data. This is achieved by organising worldwide and regional intercomparison studies and proficiency tests and by providing appropriate reference materials. Participation in proficiency testing schemes ensures an objective means of assessing and demonstrating the quality of the obtained laboratory data and reinforces the confidence of end users in the reliability of the reported analytical results. The External Quality Assurance (EQA) programme currently operated by the Soil Science Unit of the FAO/IAEA Agriculture and Biotechnology Laboratory in Seibersdorf, Austria encompasses: 1. training on the implementation of basic Quality Systems in isotope laboratories; 2. production and provision of purposely tailored information materials, standard operating procedures and handbooks on quality assurance; 3. production and provision of liquid and natural matrix reference materials; 4. organisation of annual proficiency tests on isotope abundance determination of 15N and 13C, the most common stable isotope tracers in agricultural research; 5. continuous technical advice to participating laboratories on analytical issues, including online troubleshooting and direct communication

  17. International Society of Sports Nutrition Position Stand: beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilson Jacob M

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Position Statement: The International Society of Sports Nutrition (ISSN bases the following position stand on a critical analysis of the literature on the use of beta-hydroxy-beta-methylbutyrate (HMB as a nutritional supplement. The ISSN has concluded the following. 1. HMB can be used to enhance recovery by attenuating exercise induced skeletal muscle damage in trained and untrained populations. 2. If consuming HMB, an athlete will benefit from consuming the supplement in close proximity to their workout. 3. HMB appears to be most effective when consumed for 2 weeks prior to an exercise bout. 4. Thirty-eight mg·kg·BM-1 daily of HMB has been demonstrated to enhance skeletal muscle hypertrophy, strength, and power in untrained and trained populations when the appropriate exercise prescription is utilized. 5. Currently, two forms of HMB have been used: Calcium HMB (HMB-Ca and a free acid form of HMB (HMB-FA. HMB-FA may increase plasma absorption and retention of HMB to a greater extent than HMB-CA. However, research with HMB-FA is in its infancy, and there is not enough research to support whether one form is superior. 6. HMB has been demonstrated to increase LBM and functionality in elderly, sedentary populations. 7. HMB ingestion in conjunction with a structured exercise program may result in greater declines in fat mass (FM. 8. HMB’s mechanisms of action include an inhibition and increase of proteolysis and protein synthesis, respectively. 9. Chronic consumption of HMB is safe in both young and old populations.

  18. On Sporting Nationalism : Research Methodology

    OpenAIRE

    Uchiumi, Kazuo

    2010-01-01

    There are some theories that with globalization nationalisms will disappear, but nationalisms have been growing more and more. In sport, the number of international sporting events is increasing and sporting nationalism is becoming more and more obvious. Recently sporting nationalism and its relationship with (political) nationalism has been focused on. In this paper the author analyzed sporting nationalism in Japan and compared it with that of the United Kingdom, where researches on sporting...

  19. The Position and Development of Chinese Competitive Sports in International Sports Arena%我国竞技体育在国际体坛中的定位与发展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马兆明

    2012-01-01

    我国竞技体育经历了旧中国的"东亚病夫"和新中国的"体育强国"两个不同的发展阶段。1984年洛杉矶奥运会以来,新中国竞技体育在国际竞技体坛表现出迅猛的发展势头。本研究梳理了近30年来我国竞技体育代表团历届奥运会和亚运会的竞技表现,认为:(1)我国竞技体育已是国际体坛竞争力很强的国家;(2)我国竞技体育已跨入世界竞技体育强国之列;(3)我国竞技体育在亚洲地域范围,稳居亚洲竞技体坛排头兵的位置;(4)我国竞技体育已步入国际体坛格局的"发达国家"时期。%The Chinese competitive sports have undergone two stages——from the era of 'the sick man of East Asia in old China to a new era of Sports Giant in the world.Since the Los Angles Olympic Games in 1984,the competitive sports of New China presented a rocketing development in the world.Based on the excellent performance of Chinese sports delegations in each Olympic Games and the Asian Games,this article draws the conclusion that:(1) the Chinese competitive sports has already powerful enough.(2) the Chinese competitive sports have stridden into one of the powerful sports nations in the international sports arena.(3) the Chinese competitive sports have already a front runner in Asia,and continually maintained this position.(4) the Chinese competitive sports have stepped into the 'developed period' of the international sports arena.

  20. Organization of international sporting events as a country’s promotional economic image tool

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Božo Skoko

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The article concentrates on the important aspect of image in a country’s political and economic objectives and deals with the role of sports in managing countries as brands. Analyzing the biggest sporting events in the world, such as the Olympic Games, football (soccer championships and others, authors attempt to detect and display their economic and promotional potential for host cities and countries as well as for participating nations. Special focus is on global media, which are essential in "creating" the events, transferring images and communicating impressions of the host city/country to the global public. The authors conclude that the most important role is that of the organizers, whose creativity and capabilities will for the most part determine the promotional and economic contribution of hosting such a sporting event. Activities prior to the main event and those following the event are also of great importance for the host country.

  1. 4 Corruption in Sport

    OpenAIRE

    Andreff, Wladimir

    2016-01-01

    International audience A typology of sport corruption differentiates petty corruption, barter corruption, corruption at the level of sport governing bodies, betting scandals and point-shaving. A deeper analysis goes further as regards match fixing-related bets and global online fraudulent sport betting networks and suggests new tools for combatting match fixing.

  2. Strategic issues associated with the development of internal sustainability teams in sport and recreation organizations: A framework for action and sustainable environmental performance

    OpenAIRE

    Michael E. Pfahl

    2010-01-01

    Developing environmentally related strategies is difficult as resource issues enable and constrain strategic planning. These issues affect the levels of awareness, knowledge, and actions of sport and recreation managers. The purpose of this paper is to reveal the strategic planning process developed for internal cross-functional sustainability teams to oversee environmental issues within sport and recreation organizations (i.e., the sustainability team). Analysis of the strategic construction...

  3. Reading Achievement and Science Proficiency: International Comparisons from the Programme on International Student Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cromley, Jennifer G.

    2009-01-01

    Students need to develop scientific literacy in order to participate fully as citizens, community members, and in the globalized economy. But what is the relationship between scientific literacy and reading literacy? Three international data sets from the Programme on International Student Assessment (PISA) were used to calculate correlations…

  4. Academic Culture, Business Culture, and Measuring Achievement Differences: Internal Auditing Views

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roth, Benjamin S.

    2012-01-01

    This study explored whether university internal audit directors' views of culture and measuring achievement differences between their institutions and a business were related to how they viewed internal auditing priorities and uses. The Carnegie Classification system's 283 Doctorate-granting Universities were the target population.…

  5. Relationships between Gender, Socioeconomic Status, Math Attitudes, and Math Achievement: An International Investigation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duerr, Sunny R.

    2012-01-01

    The relationships between gender, math attitude, and math achievement have traditionally been studied within individual countries, despite the existence of large international data sets available for analysis. This dissertation investigated the relationships between gender, math attitude, and math achievement based on information from 50…

  6. The Function and Countermeasure Research of Sports Information Service in the International Sports Events ----The Inspire of Sports Information Service in the Asian Games%竞赛信息服务在国际体育赛事中的作用与发展对策——亚运会竞赛信息服务的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋晴

    2012-01-01

    竞赛信息服务作为国际体育赛事的重要组成部分之一,为赛事组委会、比赛场区和参赛运动队之间提供了联系的主要桥梁,为国际体育赛事的圆满完成提供了积极保障。%As one of the important departments in the international sports events , the sports information service is the main contact between sports organizing committee,competition gymnasiums and the teams , and gives the positive security to put across the international sports events.

  7. The Sports Challenge international programme for identified 'at risk' children and adolescents: a Singapore study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tester, G J; Watkins, G G; Rouse, I

    1999-01-01

    The current world wide phenomena of youth suicide which became a major issue for countries in the early nineties, is still growing exponentially. The Sports Challenge program was initiated in 1992 in Western Australia to identify 'at risk' children and adolescents who display: a low sense of basic trust, a sense of shame and doubt, a sense of inferiority and a sense of identity confusion with common characteristics of low self esteem. The subsequent program is based on a strong statistical paradigm encompassing current and historical information with reliable and objective evaluation measures. To this end, since 1992, Sports Challenge has been recognised as a 'World Best Practice' in redressing the issue of 'at risk' children and adolescents. The program now operates in over 150 schools and communities throughout Australia and 24 schools and Detention Centres in Singapore. This paper will allow a window into the development of the program and the successful transfer of the project into Singapore. The Singapore study which began in 1996 has revealed the success of the Sports Challenge program cross culturally with improvement in self esteem and self concept of 'at risk' groups in the range of 18% to 44%. PMID:10829826

  8. Social management in the system of physical education and sports of employees of internal affairs of Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Babenko V.G.

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The main forms, principles and methods of the physical training’s management of the Internal Affairs Agencies’s staff are considered. Reveals its consistency and conceptual approach to the mechanism of targeted and effective operation of the system under different conditions of the employees police. Determined that the system of physical training and sports of bodies and organs of internal affairs of Ukraine, except for departmental purposes, partly related to the overall social and cultural life of modern society, and the management of this system is social in nature and depends on the level of socialization of its top performers and other regional representatives. It is set that optimization of correction foresees subsequent purposeful realization of the planned complex of measures which answer certain terms and real possibilities of operating control the system.

  9. Sports Season, Sports Bars

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ For foreigners in Beijing, the sports bar is a special place, a place to gather for watching matches and a place to feel the familiarity of home, while for some sports enthusiasts it serves as their second home.

  10. PSYCHOSOCIAL SPORT MARKETING ATTITUDES OF

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomas E. Boye

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available One of the strategy implementations in the achievement of the Nigeria Sport policy development is effective sport marketing (Onifade, 1999. The Nigerian government has been said to be solely responsible for funding and marketing sports hence, achieving the sports developmental goal is at its lowest ebb (Esuku, 2003.This study examined the socio- psychological sports marketing attitudes of the stakeholders in the achievement of sports goal by 2020. It also determined attitudes of stakeholders towards sports marketing. The participants for the study consisted 1,200 Nigerian sampled from twelve States and from the various professions, who are stakeholders to sports marketing (corporate and private organizations, sports Journalists, sports psychologists, sports councils, ministry of sports, coaches, labour unions, University and athletes. They were purposively sampled. The main research tool was the questionnaire that was used to obtain information on the different variables. The descriptive statistics of frequency and percentages were used for the analysis of the demographic information, while inferential statistics of one way analysis of variance (ANOVA was used to test the hypotheses formulated at 0.05 level of significance. The results confirmed that Nigerian government is solely responsible for marketing sports which ought not to be if effective sports marketing must be realized toward the attainment of the millennium goals. Also revealed are fair positive socio- psychological attitudes of few corporate organizations, and negative socio- psychological attitudes from individuals of most corporate organizations. Suggestions were advanced towards the improvement of achieving the sports developmental goals.

  11. TAI CHI CHUAN: STATE OF THE ART IN INTERNATIONAL RESEARCH: VOL 52 (MEDICINE & SPORT SCIENCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Youlian Hong

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available DESCRIPTION This collection on the latest and practical research data about the characteristics and beneficial effects of Tai Chi Chuan on various physiological and pathological matters is published as the 52nd volume of Medicine and Sport Science Journal. PURPOSE To address the effects of Tai Chi Chuan in the fields of biomechanics and physiology, sensory motor control and fall prevention, psychology and social aspects, as well as various clinical applications. FEATURES The book is organised into four sections, each containing four to seven chapters: the first section focuses on biomechanical and physiological aspects of Tai Chi in seven chapters, the second section addresses the benefits of the sport in terms of sensory motor control and fall prevention in five chapters, the third section highlights the psychological and social aspects in four chapters, and in the last section the application of Tai Chi in clinical intervention such as in Parkinson's disease, Alzheimer's diseases, coronary heart disease, chronic heart failure, breast cancer, rheumatoid arthritis and diabetes is demonstrated in six chapters. AUDIENCE This is a thorough reference book for students, researchers, teachers and healthcare professionals in exercise science and medicine. In fact, anyone already practicing Tai Chi Chuan or considering it up would benefit from this book. ASSESSMENT This 52nd volume of Medicine and Sport Science Journal on Tai Chi Chuan is a valuable and essential source of information brought together by recognized researchers around the Globe. The book is for everybody who is interested in understanding the effects and application of this fascinating form of exercise which has been developed as a form of martial arts and used for health exercise for centuries in China.

  12. Mapping the First 10 Years with Leximancer: Themes and Concepts in the Sports Management International Journal Choregia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christos Anagnostopoulos

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This study uses Leximancer (a text-mining tool for visualizing the structure of concepts and themes in text to map the published research within Sports Management International Journal Choregia from 2005 to 2014. Drawing on 88 papers, of which 61 were classified as empirical and 27 as non-empirical ones, results reveal that the last half of the examined period concerned works that do not relate to the Greek context, which has been the case during the first years of Choregia’s publication. ‘Sports participation’, ‘physical activity’, ‘Greek football clubs’ – all largely associated with ‘management’ and ‘factors’ – shape the main themes in the studies published within Choregia. In addition, an emphasis on positivistic approaches, through the employment of questionnaires and utilizing students as the population for data collection, appears to be the dominant methodological orientation of the published content in Choregia. Becoming the platform for studies that originate beyond the American, Greek, and Iranian contexts, through special issues and invited contributions in the form of research notes would potentially increase this outlet’s scope and depth (that is, context and themes, respectively.

  13. The challenges of the volunteerism process during international sport organizations/events

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meliha Atalay Noordegraaf

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to explore the challenges of volunteers at various stages in their volunteering activities during international sport organizations/events and how these are interlinked with their personal benefits. This study also aimed to analyze the experiences of volunteers during the management process and their thoughts about volunteerism. The method applied in this study was qualitative in nature and the phenomenological approach was used. Data was collected by interviewing. “Purposeful sampling” method and “Criterion sampling” strategy were used. In this study, 3 experienced volunteer leaders with identified criteria were selected and face to face and online interviews with open-ended questions were conducted in 2015 and written opinions of participants were asked via e-mail. "Descriptive analysis" and "content analysis" methods were used to analyze data. In order to ensure reliability and validity four aspects were used: credibility, transferability, dependability and conformability. In these strategies; expert review, confirmation of participants and purposive sampling methods were used. According to the results, 3 main themes: 1. “Volunteerism”, and 2. “Benefits” gained from the experiences with 5 sub themes: a. personal development, b. team work, c. active participation and productivity,  d. joint sense of purpose and e. sustainability were determined; 3. “Challenges” affecting the process of volunteering determined with 6 sub themes: a. field of expertise, b. volunteer education, c. structure of organization, d. management process of the organization, e. budget and f. lack of volunteers.  ÖzetBu çalışmanın amacı uluslararası spor organizasyonlarında gönüllü olan katılımcıların gönüllülük  sürecinde yaşadıkları zorlukları ortaya çıkarmaktır. Araştırmada ayrıca katılımcıların deneyimlerinin ve gönüllülük hakkındaki düşüncelerinin bir değerlendirmesi yap

  14. International Symposium on the Effective Teaching of Racquet Sports. Proceedings (1st, Urbana, Illinois, June 11-14, 1980).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Groppel, Jack L., Ed.; Sears, Ronald G., Ed.

    Researchers, coaches, and players of racquet sports were brought together for this symposium on four racquet sports. Although most of the papers presented at the symposium were written by Americans, one of the speakers was from Canada, and another was from Australia. The sports represented were badminton, racquetball, tennis, and squash. In Part…

  15. 50 CFR 23.74 - How can I trade internationally in personal sport-hunted trophies?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ..., EXPORTATION, AND IMPORTATION OF WILDLIFE AND PLANTS (CONTINUED) CONVENTION ON INTERNATIONAL TRADE IN ENDANGERED SPECIES OF WILD FAUNA AND FLORA (CITES) International Trade in Certain Specimens § 23.74 How can I... 50 Wildlife and Fisheries 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false How can I trade internationally...

  16. DRUGS IN SPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David R. Mottram

    2005-12-01

    undergraduates and researchers in sports science. ASSESSMENT This book is almost a compulsory reading for anyone interested in drug in sport, performance in sport, drug treatment in sport injuries, actions of drugs, nutritional supplements in sport, doping control and rules, social/political viewpoint of drug usage, sports medicine and for those wishing to run comprehensive research in this and relevant areas. The fact that the contributors are leading international researchers in this field makes this book more welcome.

  17. International Assessment: A Rasch Model and Teachers' Evaluation of TIMSS Science Achievement Items

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glynn, Shawn M.

    2012-01-01

    The Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) is a comparative assessment of the achievement of students in many countries. In the present study, a rigorous independent evaluation was conducted of a representative sample of TIMSS science test items because item quality influences the validity of the scores used to inform…

  18. A veterinary review of endurance riding as an international competitive sport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagy, Annamaria; Dyson, Sue J; Murray, Jane K

    2012-12-01

    The popularity of competitive endurance riding is growing worldwide and this has led to considerable changes in the discipline (e.g., fitter and faster horses and different types of injuries), which create challenges to all involved in the sport, including veterinarians. During endurance competitions, horses are closely monitored by veterinarians throughout the ride, with the aim of removing from the competition animals whose welfare appears to be endangered. This close monitoring provides veterinarians with an insight into problems during competitions. However, there is a relatively small amount of clinically relevant, evidence-based data published on endurance horses, and this article reviews the evolution of the discipline, the published information on epidemiological data on endurance rides, the problems veterinarians face at competitions, and highlights those areas where research is warranted. PMID:22819800

  19. Is Sport Nationalism Justifiable?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Pérez Triviño

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The article aims to clarify the deep relationships established between sport and nationalism by considering, among other factors, the instrumentalisation of sport by political elites, political apathy of citizens, economic resources for sport, the question of violence or identitarian matters. In order to define if the combination of sport and nationalism is admissible, the paper defines sport nationalism and distinguishes the political use of sport for purposes of domestic and foreign policy. In the first section the analysis focuses on whether a causal link with respect to the contribution to violence can be established and with respect to its use in the internal politics of a state, the paper differentiates between normal political circumstances and political crises in order to properly address the question of whether there are grounds to assert that sport can distract citizens from asserting their genuine interests.

  20. Is Sport Nationalism Justifiable?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Pérez Triviño

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The article aims to clarify the deep relationships established between sport and nationalism by considering, among other factors, the instrumentalisation of sport by political elites, political apathy of citizens, economic resources for sport, the question of violence or identitarian matters. In order to define if the combination of sport and nationalism is admissible, the paper defines sport nationalism and distinguishes the political use of sport for purposes of domestic and foreign policy. In the first section the analysis focuses on whether a causal link with respect to the contribution to violence can be established and with respect to its use in the internal politics of a state, the paper differentiates between normal political circumstances and political crises in order to properly address the question of whether there are grounds to assert that sport can distract citizens from asserting their genuine interests.

  1. Technology and Sport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Rasmus Bysted; Møller, Verner

    2015-01-01

    The relationship between sport and technology is close and can be both fruitful and destructive. Technology has a constitutive function in sport as it makes the activity possible and it can enhance performance as well as the sporting experience. The use of football boots is clearly more comfortable...... and effective than playing in bare feet in a game of football. However, sport challenges its athletes by demanding the employment of less efficient means rather than more efficient means in pursuit of sport specific goals. Therefore technology can potentially subtract from the sporting experience and even...... threaten the internal logic of sport. If as an example very efficient hail cartridges were allowed for use in double trap shooting it would reduce the skills required to excel at that discipline reducing its value for participants and spectators alike. The use of forbidden performance enhancing substances...

  2. How Do the Internal Variables of the Sport Konsumer Affect the Marketing of ports Events; Case Study Triathlon in the UK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ian Arnott

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Triathlons and their events are in a new era in the consumption of sport. Because of this increased funding more professionals are needed to understand what attracts sports consumers to what is seen as a gruelling but enjoyable multi sports event.  For affective marketing and event management, practioners need to understand more and more what decisions are made when the sports consumer makes a choice for a particular sports event.This study is focused at the National Governing Body for the sport of Triathlon in the United Kingdom and also the Regional/ local event managers and marketers. Drawing upon marketing and consumer behaviour literature, the primary aim of this research was to investigate from the consumer perspective how their internal variables during the decision making process of consumer behaviour affects the selection of sports event, namely triathlon. To establish this information, data was drawn upon previous participants of a triathlon event, then a further investigation into what decisions were made from triathlon consumer’s perspective when selecting an event.A self administered piloted questionnaire was done in January (2005 with twelve active local triathletes. A further 60 were then posted and electronically mailed to previous participants of a Triathlon event 2005 at the end of January (2005. The consumer’s abilities ranged from the recreational participant through to the elite athlete and the questionnaire contained eighteen questions incorporating a variety of ordinal and nominal questions as well as likert scale questions. The questionnaires were both returned electronically and by post.The response rate was fairly high at 92% (n=55, respondents represented the sample frame representing a cross section of gender, age and abilities.  The quantitative data was analysed via SPSS 13.0 which is a statistical package. This revealed a variety of statistical results of approximately twenty with statistical findings (P

  3. A COMPARATIVE STUDY OF SPORTS ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION BETWEEN QUALIFYING AND NON QUALIFYING TEAMS, OF NORTH ZONE INTER-UNIVERSITY HOCKEY TOURNAMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khan Mohd. Tanveer

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present study was to compare the level of achievement motivation between the players of qualifying and non qualifying teams of north zone Inter-University hockey tournament held at Jamia Millia Islamia University, Delhi, India. For the purpose of the present investigation 40 male subjects (qualifying players=20 and non qualifying players =20 were considered as subjects of the study. Their age ranged from 17 to 25 years. The sports achievement motivation test developed by kamlesh (1990 was used. It is a self evaluation questionnaire of 20 statements. The response value of this test extended from 0 to 40 in total. Each statement carries a maximum score of 2 and minimum score of 0. ‘t’ test was employed to analyze the data. Results have revealed no significant difference between the players of qualifying and non qualifying teams, of north zone Inter-University hockey tournament in regard to achievement motivation at 0.05 level of confidence.

  4. 大学生体育成绩与自我效能感的相关研究%On the Relation between College Students' Sport Achievements and Self-efficacy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈志喜; 王良民

    2011-01-01

    Through methods of literature review,questionnaire,data statistics and logic reasoning,the paper analyzed and discussed the characteristics of college students' self-efficacy and the correlation between self-efficacy and sports achievements by studying 300 college students.The result of the research shows: Self-efficacy has positive correlation with sports achievements,and students with sports excellence have higher level of self-efficacy than the students with average sports performance;male students perform better in sports and have higher level of self-efficacy than female students;the categories of universities have no significant influence on self-efficacy and sports achievements.The result of regression equation shows that the five factors affecting college student's self-efficacy are sorted by the coefficient in the descending order as follows: academic achievements,categories of universities,gender,major and sports achievements.And the five factors affecting college students' sports achievements are sorted by the coefficient in the descending order as follows: academic achievements,gender,self-efficacy,categories of universities and major.%通过文献资料法、问卷调查法、数理统计法、逻辑推理法等方法,以300名大学生为研究对象,研究大学生自我效能感的特征以及与体育成绩的相互关系,结果显示:自我效能感与体育成绩成正相关的关系,且体育成绩优秀的学生自我效能水平显著高于体育成绩一般的学生;男生的自我效能感略高于女生;学校类别对自我效能感和体育成绩没有显著影响。回归方程结果显示:影响大学生自我效能感的五个因子按系数从大到小排序为:文化成绩,学校,性别,专业,体育成绩;影响大学生体育成绩的五个因子按系数从大到小排序为:文化成绩,性别,自我效能感,学校,专业。

  5. A Cross-Cultural Perspective of Parental Influence on Female Adolescents' Achievement Beliefs and Behaviors in Sport and School Domains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bhalla, Jennifer A.; Weiss, Maureen R.

    2010-01-01

    Little is known about parental socialization processes for youth participants from different cultural backgrounds. The purpose of this study was to examine parental influence on self-perceptions, task values, and achievement behaviors among female adolescents from two cultures using Eccles' expectancy-value theory (Eccles et al., 1983). Twelve…

  6. “ANALYSIS OF ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION AND SELF CONCEPT AMONG ATTACKER,SETTER AND LIBERO VOLLEY BALL PLAYERS”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahantesh B.Khanapur

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Sports are psycho-social activity; Sports have a very important role in modern society. It is important to an individual, a group, a nation and indeed the world. Sports performance is the result and expression of the total personality of the sports man. The sports man is also to achieve high-level performance by concentrating on major areas like physical power, physiological efficiency, psychological development, application of bio-mechanics and environmental adjustments. The word ‘Sports’ occasionally denotes either to a pleasant part time or somewhat hazardous recreation. Today Sports are considered as international discipline as it develops international understanding and universal brotherhood. Sports develop national character and also it provides to fullest self expression to man and it is one of the fundamental needs. “The life is like sport. The lord is the greatest sportsman. He plays without thinking of winning or losing”.

  7. The rodeo athlete: sport science: part I.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyers, Michael C; Laurent, C Matthew

    2010-05-01

    Based on the tradition, history and lore of the American West, as well as the individualistic nature and lifestyle of the sport of rodeo, the rodeo athlete has achieved iconic status in sport, literature, art and entertainment. For over half a century, rodeo has become a staple of organized sport programmes in high schools, universities and international competitions. The origins of rodeo grew from ranch work dating back to the Spanish vaqueros in the 1700s. The sport was officially organized in 1929 and, by the 1930s, championships were determined and the sport of rodeo surpassed baseball and auto racing in spectator attendance. Since then, sponsorship has grown, resulting in extensive worldwide popularity through major media outlets. Despite growing popularity, few investigations exist regarding the scientific aspects of the sport. Rodeo competition is an activity that is basically intermittent in nature, with short periods of highly intense activity. When considering that experience and, thus, improvement in rodeo is achieved solely through constant and punishing practices involving actual and repetitive, human versus livestock competition, the practices closely imitate a sport-specific form of interval training. Studies, which address the anthropometric and performance characteristics of rodeo competitors, reveal that they are comparable to athletes in more traditional sports. The psychological constructs conducive to performance in rodeo have been varied and limited, with most research efforts focused on personality characteristics, sensation seeking and competitive anxiety. Nevertheless, when evaluated relative to higher levels of traditional sport performance, rodeo participants closely resemble their mainstream counterparts. Although efforts to quantify this non-traditional sport are still in the initial stages, information concerning what the optimal fitness level of rodeo athletes should be for maximal performance levels, in a basically anaerobic sport

  8. Assessing achievement of Special Routine Immunization Week among relatively immobile internal migrants in Uttar Pradesh, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SP Patel

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Yet, approximately 30% dwellers are internal migrants in India. Migrant is one who resides away from his/her native home due to variety of reasons. In Uttar Pradesh, these relatively immobile internal migrants generally comprise of Nomad, Brick kiln and Migratory construction workers. The present study was carried out with the objective of evaluating the achievements of first phase of Special Routine Immunization Week (SRI week in terms of improvement of immunization status of a community of internal migrants in Lucknow. Materials and Methods: The study was a community-based observational, which undertook relatively immobile internal migrant communities attributed to local administration of Community Development Block, Sarojininagar, Lucknow. The study was conducted during 24-30 th April 2013, covering equal numbers of households (each 100 from the three type of communities selected randomly. An attempt of in-depth interview with the adult member was made to reveal the underlying issues of the study. Results: Of the three communities, migratory construction workers outnumbered in the literacy status (7.46%. The immunization coverage in all the three communities prior to the SRI week was 24.63% while post to the first phase of SRI week was 81.12%, thereby achieving immunization by 56.49%. The present study also showed no relation between vaccination achievement during SRI week and literacy status of different communities. Conclusions: There is a need of having such sessions at regular intervals repeatedly as well as conducting focused studies on these groups to identify the various factors which are responsible for poor immunization coverage and keep them in mind while planning such special immunization activities.

  9. Sport tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Schwartzhoffová

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Sport tourism is one specific type of travel and tourism. The goal of this article is to introduce the definition and importance of sport tourism to academic and sports professionals. At present, sport tourism is a diverse social, economic and cultural phenomenon arising from the unique interaction of activity, people and place. The second part of this article reports about sports events as an important part of sport tourism.

  10. Effects of simulated domestic and international air travel on sleep, performance, and recovery for team sports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fowler, P; Duffield, R; Vaile, J

    2015-06-01

    The present study examined effects of simulated air travel on physical performance. In a randomized crossover design, 10 physically active males completed a simulated 5-h domestic flight (DOM), 24-h simulated international travel (INT), and a control trial (CON). The mild hypoxia, seating arrangements, and activity levels typically encountered during air travel were simulated in a normobaric, hypoxic altitude room. Physical performance was assessed in the afternoon of the day before (D - 1 PM) and in the morning (D + 1 AM) and afternoon (D + 1 PM) of the day following each trial. Mood states and physiological and perceptual responses to exercise were also examined at these time points, while sleep quantity and quality were monitored throughout each condition. Sleep quantity and quality were significantly reduced during INT compared with CON and DOM (P  0.05). Compared with baseline, physiological and perceptual responses to exercise, and mood states were exacerbated following the INT trial (P < 0.05). Attenuated intermittent-sprint performance following simulated international air travel may be due to sleep disruption during travel and the subsequent exacerbated physiological and perceptual markers of fatigue. PMID:24750359

  11. The Influence of Context on Occupational Selection in Sport-for-Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janet Njelesani

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Sport-for-development (SFD is a growing phenomenon involving engagement in sport activities to achieve international development goals. Kicking AIDS Out is one sport for development initiative that raises HIV/AIDS awareness through sport. Despite sport-for-development’s global prevalence, there is a paucity of literature exploring how activities are selected for use in differing contexts. An occupational perspective can illuminate the selection of activities, sport or otherwise, in sport-for-development programming and the context in which they are implemented. The purpose of the study was to understand how context influences the selection of sport activities in Kicking AIDS Out programs. Thematic analysis was used to guide the secondary analysis of qualitative data gathered with Kicking AIDS Out leaders in Lusaka, Zambia and Port-of-Spain, Trinidad and Tobago. Findings include that leaders strive to balance their activity preferences with those activities seen as feasible and preferential within their physical, socio-historical, and cultural contexts, and that leader’s differing understandings of sport as a development tool influences their selection of activities. To enable a better fit of activities chosen for the particular context and accomplishment of international development goals, sport-for-development programmes might consider how leaders are trained to select such activities.

  12. International Student’s Academic Achievement: Contribution of Gender, Self-efficacy and Socio-cultural Adjustment

    OpenAIRE

    Aqeel Khan; Abdul Rahim Hamdan; Roslee Ahmad; Mohamed Sharif Mustaffa

    2015-01-01

    International students who pursue their education in other country have to cope various challenges related to their adjustment. Successful adjustment to higher learning institution becomes an important issue, failure to which may hinder self-efficacy and their academic achievement. Aim of current research is to investigate the influence of self-efficacy, and socio-cultural adjustment on their academic achievement among International students in Malaysia. Two hundreds International students we...

  13. State of the art in physical activity and sport sciences from the analysis of the 6th International Conference of the Spanish Sport Sciences Association: management and scientific perspectives Estado del arte en las Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte a través del VI Congreso de la AECD: Perspectivas científicas y organizativas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Reina

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes, from a qualitative and quantitative and qualitative point of view, the scientific production presented in 6th International Conference of the Spanish Sports Sciences Association, held in Elche in October 2010. It exposes the main contributions in sports training, exercise physiology, sport biomechanics, physical activity and health, control and motor learning, sports psychology, teaching in physical education and sport, recreation and sports management. We analyze the participation of researches from the Spanish universities in order to establish a global perspective of the main centres of scientific production. Additionally, some recommendations for future are: i to achieve higher scientific standards (e.g. to accept only abstracts that use the scientific method and to carry out peer review process, ii better definition of the thematic areas to evaluate abstracts; iii to identify hot topics in the thematic areas to establish the estate of the art; iv more abstracts presented from a biological perspective, v better presence of the congress in the international forums; vi employment of advanced research techniques and technology; vii multi-and inter-disciplinary collaborations, and viii no distinction among oral presentation and poster abstracts.
    Key Words: conference, sport sciences, scientific method

    El presente artículo es una revisión, cuantitativa y cualitativa, de las aportaciones realizadas en el VI Congreso Internacional de la Asociación Española de Ciencias del Deporte, celebrado en Elche en octubre del 2010. Se analizan las principales aportaciones realizadas en los campos del Entrenamiento Deportivo, Fisiología del Ejercicio, Biomecánica Deportiva, Actividad Física y Salud, Control y Aprendizaje Motor, Psicología del Deporte, Didáctica de la Educación Física y del Deporte, Gestión y Recreación Deportiva. Se analiza la amplia representación de las diferentes universidades

  14. SPORTS MARKETING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ridvan Ekmekci

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Marketing which is entered to almost our whole life, now more than goods and services, became an important concept of ideas, persons, institutions, events, and facilities. As a main activities of business co. marketing has an important place in sports industry. Recently, the development of special sport marketing strategies and the presentation of sport goods and services to consumers are gaining importance. Efforts of increasing income of sport clubs, because of sport organization popularity, either media or sports business co. started to focus on marketing structure like other business services. Because of definition of sports usage, the term of “Sports Marketing” was used firstly by Advertising Age in 1978 as an increasing presentation tool in industrial merchandise and service marketing. Sport marketing, adapted from general marketing definitions, was defined as “ includes arrangement of all activities to meet needs and wants of sports consumers.” (Mullin, Hardy, Sutton, 2000:8-9.

  15. Sport Marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Ridvan EKMEKCI; Ekmekçi, Aytul Yeter

    2009-01-01

    Abstract  Marketing which is entered to almost our whole life, now more than goods and services, became an important  concept of ideas, persons, institutions, events, and facilities. As a main activities of business co. marketing has an important place in sports industry. Recently, the development of special sport marketing strategies and the presentation of sport goods and services to consumers are gaining importance. Efforts of increasing income of sport clubs, because of sport organization...

  16. Strategic issues associated with the development of internal sustainability teams in sport and recreation organizations: A framework for action and sustainable environmental performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael E. Pfahl

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Developing environmentally related strategies is difficult as resource issues enable and constrain strategic planning. These issues affect the levels of awareness, knowledge, and actions of sport and recreation managers. The purpose of this paper is to reveal the strategic planning process developed for internal cross-functional sustainability teams to oversee environmental issues within sport and recreation organizations (i.e., the sustainability team. Analysis of the strategic construction of this team is examined using a conceptual strategic planning framework grounded in a resource based view of the organization (Hart, 1995; Wernerfelt, 1984. Key elements of the development process include selecting individuals to serve on a sustainability team, utilization of tangible and intangible organizational resources, culture, size, roles, and leadership and management issues related to governing the sustainability team.

  17. Comparison between the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and the American College of Sports Medicine/American Heart Association criteria to classify the physical activity profile in adults

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suzana Alves de Moraes

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: the study aims to evaluate the reproducibility between the International Physical Activity Questionnaire and the American College of Sports Medicine/American Heart Association criteria to classify the physical activity profile in an adult population living in Ribeirão Preto, SP, Brazil. METHODS: population-based cross-sectional study, including 930 adults of both genders. The reliability was evaluated by Kappa statistics, estimated according to socio-demographic strata. RESULTS: the kappa estimates showed good agreement between the two criteria in all strata. However, higher prevalence of "actives" was found by using the American College of Sports Medicine/American Heart Association. CONCLUSIONS: although the estimates have indicated good agreement, the findings suggest caution in choosing the criteria to classify physical activity profile mainly when "walking" is the main modality of physical activity.

  18. An Investigation of International Science Achievement Using the OECD's PISA 2006 Data Set

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milford, Todd

    School Effectiveness Research (SER) is concerned with efforts to better understand the effectiveness enhancing relationship between student and school variables and how these variables primarily influence academic achievement (Scheerens, 2004). However, one identified methodological shortcoming in SER is the absence of cross-cultural perspectives (Kyriakides, 2006). This is a concern as what may prove effective in one nation does not necessarily mean that it can be easily and seamlessly imported into another with the same results. This study looked at the relationships between science self-beliefs and academic achievement in science across all nations who participated in the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) in 2006. It further explored the variance accounted for by cultural, social and economic capital (the elements of the PISA socioeconomic status variable) for each country in PISA 2006 when predicting scientific literacy. Lastly, it used hierarchical linear modeling (HLM) to analyze data from PISA 2006 for nations experiencing high rates of immigration (i.e., Germany, Spain, Canada, the United States, Australia and New Zealand). The outcome measures used for these countries were achievement scores in science, mathematics and reading. The variables examined at the student level were science self-efficacy, science self-concept, immigrant status and socioeconomic status. The variables examined at the school level were student level aggregates of school proportion of immigrants and school socioeconomic status. In the correlation analysis between science literacy and either science self-concept of science self-efficacy, findings suggest that at the student level, students with both higher science self-concept and higher science self-efficacy tend to achieve higher academically. However, at the country level the relationship was negative between self-concept and academic achievement in science (i.e., countries with higher science self-concept tend

  19. The E-C Translation of Vocabularies in Sports News

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何琳琳

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, many world top level sports events take place in China. The exchange in sports field between China and international society adds more significance to the E-C translation of sports news. This paper analyses the lexical features of sports news and then explains some difficulties in the translation of the words of sports news.

  20. How much is too much? (Part 2) International Olympic Committee consensus statement on load in sport and risk of illness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwellnus, Martin; Soligard, Torbjørn; Alonso, Juan-Manuel; Bahr, Roald; Clarsen, Ben; Dijkstra, H Paul; Gabbett, Tim J; Gleeson, Michael; Hägglund, Martin; Hutchinson, Mark R; Janse Van Rensburg, Christa; Meeusen, Romain; Orchard, John W; Pluim, Babette M; Raftery, Martin; Budgett, Richard; Engebretsen, Lars

    2016-09-01

    The modern-day athlete participating in elite sports is exposed to high training loads and increasingly saturated competition calendar. Emerging evidence indicates that inappropriate load management is a significant risk factor for acute illness and the overtraining syndrome. The IOC convened an expert group to review the scientific evidence for the relationship of load-including rapid changes in training and competition load, competition calendar congestion, psychological load and travel-and health outcomes in sport. This paper summarises the results linking load to risk of illness and overtraining in athletes, and provides athletes, coaches and support staff with practical guidelines for appropriate load management to reduce the risk of illness and overtraining in sport. These include guidelines for prescription of training and competition load, as well as for monitoring of training, competition and psychological load, athlete well-being and illness. In the process, urgent research priorities were identified. PMID:27535991

  1. International Student’s Academic Achievement: Contribution of Gender, Self-efficacy and Socio-cultural Adjustment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aqeel Khan

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available International students who pursue their education in other country have to cope various challenges related to their adjustment. Successful adjustment to higher learning institution becomes an important issue, failure to which may hinder self-efficacy and their academic achievement. Aim of current research is to investigate the influence of self-efficacy, and socio-cultural adjustment on their academic achievement among International students in Malaysia. Two hundreds International students were randomly selected from the Kuala Lumpur, Out of these 100 belongs to male and 100 belong to female category. The age range of the respondents are 17 to 27 years (Mean=20.55. Various psychological constructs were used to assess the studied variables. Correlational and regression statistical analysis were applied. Findings reveal significant positive correlation in academic achievement with socio-cultural adjustment and self-efficacy. Gender, self-efficacy and socio-cultural adjustment significantly predicts students’ academic achievement. Findings proved gender, self-efficacy and socio-cultural adjustment significantly effecting International student’s academic achievement among International students in Malaysia. Implications for International students are significant in terms of countering adjustment problems by developing self-efficacy and cultural values as a result academic achievement may improve.

  2. International target values 2010 for achievable measurement uncertainties in nuclear material accountancy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dias, Fabio C., E-mail: fabio@ird.gov.b [Comissao Nacional de Energia Nuclear (CNEN), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil); Almeida, Silvio G. de; Renha Junior, Geraldo, E-mail: silvio@abacc.org.b, E-mail: grenha@abacc.org.b [Agencia Brasileiro-Argentina de Contabilidade e Controle de Materiais Nucleares (ABACC), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    The International Target Values (ITVs) are reasonable uncertainty estimates that can be used in judging the reliability of measurement techniques applied to industrial nuclear and fissile materials subject to accountancy and/or safeguards verification. In the absence of relevant experimental estimates, ITVs can also be used to select measurement techniques and calculate sample population during the planning phase of verification activities. It is important to note that ITVs represent estimates of the 'state-of-the-practice', which should be achievable under routine measurement conditions affecting both facility operators and safeguards inspectors, not only in the field, but also in laboratory. Tabulated values cover measurement methods used for the determination of volume or mass of the nuclear material, for its elemental and isotopic assays, and for its sampling. The 2010 edition represents the sixth revision of the International Target Values (ITVs), issued by the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) as a Safeguards Technical Report (STR-368). The first version was released as 'Target Values' in 1979 by the Working Group on Techniques and Standards for Destructive Analysis (WGDA) of the European Safeguards Research and Development Association (ESARDA) and focused on destructive analytical methods. In the latest 2010 revision, international standards in estimating and expressing uncertainties have been considered while maintaining a format that allows comparison with the previous editions of the ITVs. Those standards have been usually applied in QC/QA programmes, as well as qualification of methods, techniques and instruments. Representatives of the Brazilian Nuclear Energy Commission (CNEN) and the Brazilian-Argentine Agency for Accounting and Control of Nuclear Materials (ABACC) participated in previous Consultants Group Meetings since the one convened to establish the first list of ITVs released in 1993 and in subsequent revisions

  3. Cognitive Ability, Academic Achievement and Academic Self-Concept: Extending the Internal/External Frame of Reference Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Ssu-Kuang; Hwang, Fang-Ming; Yeh, Yu-Chen; Lin, Sunny S. J.

    2012-01-01

    Background: Marsh's internal/external (I/E) frame of reference model depicts the relationship between achievement and self-concept in specific academic domains. Few efforts have been made to examine concurrent relationships among cognitive ability, achievement, and academic self-concept (ASC) within an I/E model framework. Aim: To simultaneously…

  4. Western Sport and Spiritualism

    OpenAIRE

    Kosiewicz Jerzy

    2014-01-01

    Sport activity of achievement-oriented (professional, Olympic, spectacular character) is first of all exposition of rivalry and striving for variously understood sports success (resulting from measurable or discretionary criteria). It refers to winning a competition or taking another expected place as well as to other forms of satisfaction, such as financial gratification or social (political, ethnic, professional) recognition. Spirituality is here neither an aim, nor an expected value - it c...

  5. HYDROSOLUBLE VITAMINS AND SPORT

    OpenAIRE

    Vladmila Bojanić; Jelena Radović; Zoran Bojanić; Marko Lazović

    2011-01-01

    Vitamins are organic substances needed for normal cell functioning in the human body, and therefore human health. People who train sports require an optimal psychophysical performance in order to achieve the best sports results. Athletes’ needs for vitamins may be higher than in general population, also they are taking vitamin supplements more often than other people. Thus, it is very important for them to be familiar with the vitamins’ roles and recommended intake levels.Hydrosoluble vitamin...

  6. Sports Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    Playing sports can be fun, but it can also be dangerous if you are not careful. You can help ... you are healthy before you start playing your sport Wearing the right shoes, gear, and equipment Drinking ...

  7. Sports Injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... sometimes you can injure yourself when you play sports or exercise. Accidents, poor training practices, or improper ... can also lead to injuries. The most common sports injuries are Sprains and strains Knee injuries Swollen ...

  8. Achieving consensus for clinical trials: the REiNS International Collaboration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plotkin, Scott R; Blakeley, Jaishri O; Dombi, Eva; Fisher, Michael J; Hanemann, C Oliver; Walsh, Karin S; Wolters, Pamela L; Widemann, Brigitte C

    2013-11-19

    The neurofibromatoses (NF)--including neurofibromatosis 1 (NF1), neurofibromatosis 2 (NF2), and schwannomatosis--are related tumor-suppressor syndromes characterized by a predisposition to multiple tumor types and other disease manifestations, which often result in functional disability, reduced quality of life, pain, and, in some cases, malignancy. With increasing knowledge of the biology and pathogenesis of NF, clinical trials with targeted agents directed at NF tumors have become available. Most clinical trials for patients with NF have used designs and endpoints similar to oncology trials. However, differences in the disease manifestations and natural history of NF (compared to cancers) require the development of new designs and endpoints to perform meaningful NF clinical trials. The Response Evaluation in Neurofibromatosis and Schwannomatosis (REiNS) International Collaboration was established in 2011 at the Children's Tumor Foundation meeting to achieve consensus within the NF community about the design of future clinical trials, with a specific emphasis on endpoints. The REiNS Collaboration includes 7 working groups that focus on imaging of tumor response; functional, visual, patient-reported, and neurocognitive outcomes; whole-body MRI; and disease biomarkers. This supplement includes the first series of recommendations by the REiNS Collaboration. The hope is that these recommendations will be used by members of the group and by researchers outside of the REiNS International Collaboration to standardize the measurement of outcomes and thus improve clinical trials for patients with NF. Ultimately, we plan to engage industry partners and national regulatory agencies in this process to facilitate the approval of drugs for patients with NF. PMID:24249801

  9. Sports Tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Gozalova Marina; Shchikanov Alexey; Vernigor Aleksandr; Bagdasarian Vardan

    2014-01-01

    Introduction. This article is devoted to sports tourism. The purpose of this article is to examine theoretical material on sports tourism, to analyze sports tourism in Russia and to search for promising areas for the study of sports tourism in our country. Material and methods. In this part the authors develop the idea of the role of doing sports and keeping fit. For anyone who really wants to be healthy, fitness has become an integral part of their lives. Results. The purpose of this researc...

  10. A sport scene images segmentation method based on edge detection algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Biqing

    2011-12-01

    This paper proposes a simple, fast sports scene image segmentation method; a lot of work so far has been looking for a way to reduce the different shades of emotions in smooth area. A novel method of pretreatment, proposed the elimination of different shades feelings. Internal filling mechanism is used to change the pixels enclosed by the interest as interest pixels. For some test has achieved harvest sports scene images has been confirmed.

  11. Achievement of the charge exchange work diminishing of an internal combustion engine in part load

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan POSTRZEDNIK

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Internal combustion engines, used for driving of different cars, occurs not only at full load, but mostly at the part load. The relative load exchange work at the full (nominal engine load is significantly low. At the part load of the IC engine its energy efficiency ηe is significantly lower than in the optimal (nominal field range of the performance parameters. One of the numerous reasons of this effect is regular growing of the relative load exchange work of the IC engine. It is directly connected with the quantitative regulation method commonly used in the IC engines. From the thermodynamic point of view - the main reason of this effect is the throttling process (causing exergy losses occurring in the inlet and outlet channels. The known proposals for solving of this problem are based on applying of the fully electronic control of the motion of inlet, outlet valves and new reference cycles.The idea presented in the paper leads to diminishing the charge exchange work of the IC engines. The problem can be solved using presented in the paper a new concept of the reference cycle (called as eco-cycle of IC engine. The work of the engine basing on the eco-cycle occurs in two 3-stroke stages; the fresh air is delivered only once for both stages, but in range of each stage a new portion of fuel is burned. Normally the charge exchange occurs once during each engine cycle realized. Elaborated proposition bases on the elimination of chosen charge exchange processes and through this the dropping of the charge exchange work can be achieved.

  12. The relationship between participation in sport and academic achievement in grade 10 and 11 learners in the Dr Kenneth Kaunda District / F.M. Dipale

    OpenAIRE

    Dipale, Floyd Modikwe

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this research was to determine whether adolescents who participate in sport perform better academically in comparison to their non–participating counterparts. An availability sample of 210 learners between 14 and 24 years from a secondary school in the Dr Kenneth Kaunda District took part in this research. The participants were assessed by a Biographical Questionnaire adapted from Mpshe (1996); an adapted version of The Physical Activity Index of Sharkey (1979); ...

  13. 论新中国体育的开创和成就——贺龙与中国体育%Discussion on Initiation and Achievement of New China Sports —HE Long and China Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑朝沙; 刘亚

    2011-01-01

    文章介绍了新中国第一任体委主任贺龙,与体育的渊源和开创新中国体育事业做出的重大贡献。贺龙同志为新中国体育事业招募和培养了大批人才,同时大量修建体育场所还成立了多所体育学院为中国的体育事业奠定物质基础和储备体育人才,并且创刊《体育报》宣传新中国体育事迹,加强体育学术交流。通过"劳卫制"提高全民素质;加强新中国竞技人才的培养和队伍建设;不畏艰难,坚持支持登山运动。在短短的14年时间里,奠定了中国体育事业的基础。%HE Long,the first director of MPCSC of New China,makes great contributions to the initiation of New China sports.He recruited and trained large quantities of sports talents.A lot of stadiums were build and many colleges of physical education were founded

  14. Femininity, Childhood and the Non-Making of a Sporting Celebrity: The Beth Tweddle Case

    OpenAIRE

    Cohen, R. L.

    2013-01-01

    Gymnastics is regularly classified as a feminine-appropriate sport, embodying grace and elegance. Furthermore, it is the Olympic sport which has regularly produced female sporting celebrities. Beth Tweddle is the most successful British gymnast of all time and the first to achieve international success, culminating in a medal at London 2012, yet she has received relatively little media coverage and few corporate endorsements. Employing a ‘negative case’ methodology, this athlete’s relat...

  15. Dietary supplements in sport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burke, L M; Read, R S

    1993-01-01

    Studies of the dietary practices of athletes report that nutritional supplements are commonly used. Supplementation practices vary between sports and individual athletes; however, there is evidence that at least some athletes use a large number of supplements concurrently, often in doses that are very high in comparison with normal dietary intakes. In exploring supplementation practices we propose a classification system separating the supplements into dietary supplements and nutritional erogogenic aids. The dietary supplement is characterised as a product which can be used to address physiological or nutritional issues arising in sport. It may provide a convenient or practical means of consuming special nutrient requirements for exercise, or it may be used to prevent/reverse nutritional deficiencies that commonly occur among athletes. The basis of the dietary supplement is an understanding of nutritional requirements and physiological effects of exercise. When the supplement is used to successfully meet a physiological/nutritional goal arising in sport it may be demonstrated to improve sports performance. While there is some interest in refining the composition or formulation of some dietary supplements, the real interest belongs to the use or application of the supplement; i.e. educating athletes to understand and achieve their nutritional needs in a specific sports situation. The sports drink (carbohydrate-electrolyte replacement drink) is a well known example of a dietary supplement. Scientific attitudes towards the sports drink have changed over the past 20 years. Initial caution that carbohydrate-electrolyte fluids compromise gastric emptying during exercise has now been shown to be unjustified. Numerous studies have shown that 5 to 10% solutions of glucose, glucose polymers (maltodextrins) and other simple sugars all have suitable gastric emptying characteristics for the delivery of fluid and moderate amounts of carbohydrate substrate. The optimal

  16. Komplexer Sport

    OpenAIRE

    Heuss, Sabina

    2008-01-01

    Systemtheoretische Untersuchung über den Grad der Interdependenz oder Interpenetration des Sport- und Mediensystems in Deutschland, Italien und der Schweiz basierend auf zahlreichen Tiefeninterviews in den drei Untersuchungsländern. Die Dissertation enthält einen systematisch gegliederten Katalog der gegenseitigen Einflussmöglichkeiten der Systeme Sport und Medien. Die Untersuchung gliedert den Sport in Breiten-, Leistungs- und Mediensport und fügt die neue Bezeichnung Profitsport für den Spo...

  17. International Comparisons of Student Achievement as Indicators for Educational Policy in Slovenia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Straus, Mojca

    2005-01-01

    At the time of the development of the new curriculum in Slovenia, international comparative data providing information on the performance of Slovene students as compared to other relevant countries were available from a limited number of assessments. For this reason, it was even more important that additional international comparisons were…

  18. Ethics in Sport: Socio-Political Point of View

    OpenAIRE

    Robert C. S CHNEIDER

    2015-01-01

    Sport is a natural medium for bringing together people of different backgrounds throughout the world. If grounded in ethics and if participants follow the rules and cooperate, sport can be a conduit for world harmony (Sport great for human bonding, 2010).A s international relationships are developed through sport, those relationships can help support larger global endeavors in pursuit of a better world. If international sport based relation...

  19. An International Comparison Investigating the Relationship between National Culture and Student Achievement

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Zheng; Grant, Leslie W.; Xu, Xianxuan; Stronge, James H.; Ward, Thomas J.

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine the connections between national culture and student achievement. Using Hofstede's six cultural dimensions and the two dimensions from the World Values survey, we conducted multiple regressions to determine the most significant predictors of student achievement as measured by the 2009 Program for…

  20. Motivation and motoric tests in sports

    OpenAIRE

    Karaba-Jakovljević Dea; Popadić-Gaćeša Jelena; Grujić Nikola; Barak Otto; Drapšin Miodrag

    2007-01-01

    Motivation in sport performance has been an interesting topic for many investigators during the past decade. This area can be considered from different viewpoints: motivation for participation in sport activity, achievement motivation, competitiveness etc. Motivation plays an important role in all out tests, as well as in sport activities and at all levels of competition. Motivation climate, or positive social environment may influence and modulate motivation of individuals involved in sports...

  1. An international validation study of two achievement goal measures in a pharmacy education context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alrakaf S

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Saleh Alrakaf,1 Ahmed Abdelmageed,2 Mary Kiersma,2 Sion A Coulman,3 Dai N John,3 June Tordoff,4 Claire Anderson,5 Ayman Noreddin,6 Erica Sainsbury,1 Grenville Rose,7 Lorraine Smith11Faculty of Pharmacy, University of Sydney, Sydney, NSW, Australia; 2Faculty of Pharmacy, Manchester University, Fort Wayne, IN, USA; 3School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences, Cardiff University, Cardiff, UK; 4School of Pharmacy, University of Otago, Dunedin, NZ; 5School of Pharmacy, University of Nottingham, Nottingham, UK; 6School of Pharmacy, Hampton University, Hampton, VA, USA; 7Aftercare, Sydney, NSW, AustraliaBackground: Achievement goal theory helps us understand what motivates students to participate in educational activities. However, measuring achievement goals in a precise manner is problematic. Elliot and McGregor's Achievement Goal Questionnaire (AGQ and Elliot and Murayama's revised Achievement Goal Questionnaire (AGQ-R are widely used to assess students' achievement goals. Both instruments were developed and validated using undergraduate psychology students in the USA.Methods: In this study, our aims were to first of all, assess the construct validity of both questionnaires using a cohort of Australian pharmacy students and, subsequently, to test the generalizability and replicability of these tools more widely in schools of pharmacy in other English-speaking countries. The AGQ and the AGQ-R were administered during tutorial class time. Confirmatory factor analysis procedures, using AMOS 19 software, were performed to determine model fit.Results: In contrast to the scale developers' findings, confirmatory factor analysis supported a superior model fit for the AGQ compared with the AGQ-R, in all countries under study.Conclusion: Validating measures of achievement goal motivation for use in pharmacy education is necessary and has implications for future research. Based on these results, the AGQ will be used to conduct future cross-sectional and

  2. 75 FR 70074 - Consensus Standards, Light-Sport Aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-16

    ... Federal Aviation Administration Consensus Standards, Light-Sport Aircraft AGENCY: Federal Aviation... provisions of the Sport Pilot and Light-Sport Aircraft rule issued July 16, 2004, and effective September 1, 2004. ASTM International Committee F37 on Light Sport Aircraft developed the revised standards...

  3. 海南国际旅游岛背景下社会体育公共服务的内容构建%Construction of Social Sports Public Service Content Under the Background of Hainan International Tourism Island

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任雅琴; 张雅玲

    2014-01-01

    基于国际旅游岛背景,对海南社会体育公共服务内容构建进行了探讨。主要构建生态休闲体育旅游服务、保护地方特色传统体育服务和“候鸟”老人社会体育公共服务体系。社会体育公共服务的构建能有利地推进海南国际旅游岛的建设,丰富全民多元化的体育锻炼方式,提高海南人民生活的幸福指数。%Based on the background of Hainan international tourism island, the construction of social sports public services was discussed, which included the construction of eco-sports tourism and leisure services, services to protect local character⁃istics of traditional sports, and"birds"social sports public services for the elderly. Construction of social sports public ser⁃vice content can effectively promote the construction of Hainan international tourism island, enrich the diversity of physical exercise , and improve people's happiness index in Hainan.

  4. EPIDEMIOLOGY OF PEDIATRIC SPORTS INJURIES: INDIVIDUAL SPORTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dennis J. Caine

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the book is to review comprehensively what is known about the distribution and determinants of injury rates in a variety of individual sports, and to suggest injury prevention measures and guidelines for further research. This book provides comprehensive compilation and critical analysis of epidemiological data over children's individual sports: including equestrian, gymnastics, martial arts, skiing and snowboarding, tennis, track and field, and wrestling. This book encourages coaches and sports administrators to discuss rules, equipment standards, techniques, and athlete conditioning programs. In turn, they can inform parents about the risks and how they can help their children avoid or limit injury in sports. A common, uniform strategy and evidence-based approach to organizing and interpreting the literature is used in all chapters. All the sports-specific chapters are laid out with the same basic headings, so that it is easy for the reader to find common information across chapters. Chapter headings are: 1 Epidemiology of children's individual sports injuries, 2 Equestrian injuries, 2 Gymnastics injuries, 3 Martial arts injuries, 4 Skiing and snowboard injuries, 5 Tennis injuries, 6 Track and field injuries, 7 Wrestling injuries, 8 Injury prevention and future research. Chapter headings include: i Incidence of injury, ii Injury characteristics, iii Injury severity, iv njury risk factors, v Suggestions for injury prevention, vi Suggestions for further research. In each sports-specific chapter, an epidemiological picture has been systematically developed from the data available in prospective cohort, retrospective cohort, case-control, and cross-sectional studies. The tables are numerous, helpful and very useful. The book provides a very useful resource for sport scientist, pediatricians, family practitioners and healthcare professionals in the field of child and adolescent injury and prevention The readers are going to

  5. How Do the Internal Variables of the Sport Konsumer Affect the Marketing of ports Events; Case Study Triathlon in the UK

    OpenAIRE

    Ian Arnott

    2009-01-01

    Triathlons and their events are in a new era in the consumption of sport. Because of this increased funding more professionals are needed to understand what attracts sports consumers to what is seen as a gruelling but enjoyable multi sports event.  For affective marketing and event management, practioners need to understand more and more what decisions are made when the sports consumer makes a choice for a particular sports event.This study is focused at the National Governing Body for the sp...

  6. International Benchmarking and Determinants of Mathematics Achievement in Two Indian States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Kin Bing; Goldschmidt, Pete; Boscardin, Christy Kim; Sankar, Deepa

    2009-01-01

    Evidence from cross-country studies suggests that the sustainability of India's rapid economic growth will be conditioned by the quality of its education. This paper analyzed a 2005 World Bank-sponsored survey of Grade Nine students in the states of Rajasthan and Orissa. The survey used internationally comparable items from the 1999 Trends of…

  7. Nuclear Safety at the Ignalina NPP. Achievements and challenges. Proceedings of the international conference

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The International Conference was held on 8-9 April, 1999 in Vilnius. The aim of this conference - to offers specialists an excellent chance to get acquainted with Lithuania's experience and the work it has done in the area of nuclear safety. Also this conference will help to depoliticize the discussion of nuclear power plants

  8. Indigenous Population Mobilities and School Achievement: International Educational Research Itineraries, Issues and Implications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danaher, P. A.

    2012-01-01

    This paper situates the articles in this special theme issue of the "International Journal of Educational Research" within the broader global literature regarding the educational experiences and opportunities of mobile communities. The paper distils those articles' contributions to extending current understandings about the specific "itineraries"…

  9. Rankings of International Achievement Test Performance and Economic Strength: Correlation or Conjecture?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    CHRISTOPHER H. TIENKEN

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Examining a popular political notion, this article presents results from a series of Spearman Rho calculations conducted to investigate relationships between countries’ rankings on international tests of mathematics and science and future economic competitiveness as measured by the 2006 World Economic Forum’s Growth Competitiveness Index (GCI. The study investigated the existence of relationships between international test rankings from three different time periods during the last 50 years of U.S. education policy development (i.e., 1957–1982, 1983–2000, and 2001–2006 and 2006 GCI ranks. It extends previous research on the topic by investigating how GCI rankings in the top 50 percent and bottom 50 percent relate to rankings on international tests for the countries that participated in each test. The study found that the relationship between ranks on international tests of mathematics and science and future economic strength is stronger among nations with lower-performing economies. Nations with strong economies, such as the United States, demonstrate a weaker, nonsignificant relationship.

  10. Rankings of International Achievement Test Performance and Economic Strength: Correlation or Conjecture?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tienken, Christopher H.

    2008-01-01

    Examining a popular political notion, this article presents results from a series of Spearman Rho calculations conducted to investigate relationships between countries' rankings on international tests of mathematics and science and future economic competitiveness as measured by the 2006 World Economic Forum's Growth Competitiveness Index (GCI).…

  11. Achieving Cultural Competency: Assessment of US-Based Counselor Educators Instructing Internationally

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malott, Krista M.

    2008-01-01

    This article presents the outcomes of a qualitative investigation addressing the global exchange of counselor education. Findings delineate key traits and behaviors applied by counselor educators and counseling psychologists in cross-cultural exchanges. Personal traits noted by educators as essential for international exchanges included…

  12. International note: The relationship between achievement goals and academic-related boredom.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yangyang

    2015-06-01

    In a sample of 520 Chinese high school students, the present study aimed to replicate the prior Western findings about the relationship between achievement goals and academic boredom. Our findings indicated that mastery-approach goals and performance-avoidance goals predicted academic boredom, but mastery-avoidance goals and performance-approach goals did not. PMID:25828547

  13. Language Ideologies and Literacy Achievement: Six Multilingual Countries and Two International Assessments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arya, Diana J.; McClung, Nicola A.; Katznelson, Noah; Scott, Lyn

    2016-01-01

    Social psychologists have suggested that language-based ideologies related to "stereotype threat" (i.e. variations in performance-based on ability perceptions of language groups) may affect students' academic achievement regardless of school language support. However, it is unclear whether efforts to support students' first language…

  14. The aims and achievements of the international project in the field of food irradiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    By the end of the 1960's a large number of food items were being considered for irradiation treatment. Because of the potential importance of the process, the cost of biological tests and the danger of unnecessary duplication, international collaboration became desirable. The International Food Irradiation Project (IFIP) was established in 1970. Membership at the present time numbers 25 countries. Objectives of the Project: The basic function has been to facilitate the objective evaluation of the wholesomeness of irradiated foodstuffs. It is not concerned with promoting the use of the process or with assessing or improving its economical feasibility. (a) Wholesomeness Testing: Studies were initiated on irradiated potatoes, wheat and wheat products. Additional foodstuffs were chosen on the basis of certain factors. Products chosen included fish, rice, spices, mangoes, dates and onions. In none of these studies was any significant effect observed which could be attributed to the feeding of irradiated food. (b) Methology Research: IFIP has devoted considerable attention to reviewing and up-dating its testing procedures. A continuous study of the scientific literature and the publications of regulatory bodies has been linked with practical research work in IFIP's laboratory and consultation with many experts in toxicology. (c) Information Activities: The results of scientific investigations sponsored by IFIP, as well as information of more general interest, are published. (d) Assistance to National and International Authorities: IFIP does not judge the acceptability of irradiated foods. However, when requested by regulatory bodies responsible for such decisions, IFIP is willing to provide information and advice

  15. Utilizing intentional internal resonance to achieve multi-harmonic atomic force microscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jeong, Bongwon; Pettit, Chris; Dharmasena, Sajith; Keum, Hohyun; Lee, Joohyung; Kim, Jungkyu; Kim, Seok; McFarland, D Michael; Bergman, Lawrence A; Vakakis, Alexander F; Cho, Hanna

    2016-03-29

    During dynamic atomic force microscopy (AFM), the deflection of a scanning cantilever generates multiple frequency terms due to the nonlinear nature of AFM tip-sample interactions. Even though each frequency term is reasonably expected to encode information about the sample, only the fundamental frequency term is typically decoded to provide topographic mapping of the measured surface. One of main reasons for discarding higher harmonic signals is their low signal-to-noise ratio. Here, we introduce a new design concept for multi-harmonic AFM, exploiting intentional nonlinear internal resonance for the enhancement of higher harmonics. The nonlinear internal resonance, triggered by the non-smooth tip-sample dynamic interactions, results in nonlinear energy transfers from the directly excited fundamental bending mode to the higher-frequency mode and, hence, enhancement of the higher harmonic of the measured response. It is verified through detailed theoretical and experimental study that this AFM design can robustly incorporate the required internal resonance and enable high-frequency AFM measurements. Measurements on an inhomogeneous polymer specimen demonstrate the efficacy of the proposed design, namely that the higher harmonic of the measured response is capable of enhanced simultaneous topography imaging and compositional mapping, exhibiting less crosstalk with an abrupt height change. PMID:26883303

  16. The application of international environmental law for the achievement of environmentally sustainable tourism

    OpenAIRE

    Williams, Angela

    2005-01-01

    This thesis analyses the relationship between tourism and the natural environment and explores ways in which the imbalance between the two may be redressed, with a view to achieving environmentally sustainable tourism. This involves a critical examination of the legal framework currently in place, so as to ascertain the relative effectiveness of presentday structures and organisations. First, both the tourism industry and the natural environment - as conceptual elements - are explored, includ...

  17. Language ideologies and literacy achievement: six multilingual countries and two international assessments

    OpenAIRE

    Arya, DJ; McClung, NA; Katznelson, N; Scott, L.

    2016-01-01

    © 2015 Taylor & Francis Social psychologists have suggested that language-based ideologies related to ‘stereotype threat’ (i.e. variations in performance-based on ability perceptions of language groups) may affect students' academic achievement regardless of school language support. However, it is unclear whether efforts to support students' first language development, particularly for large populations of students whose primary language is not the dominant language, is sufficient for ‘levell...

  18. Western Sport and Spiritualism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kosiewicz Jerzy

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Sport activity of achievement-oriented (professional, Olympic, spectacular character is first of all exposition of rivalry and striving for variously understood sports success (resulting from measurable or discretionary criteria. It refers to winning a competition or taking another expected place as well as to other forms of satisfaction, such as financial gratification or social (political, ethnic, professional recognition. Spirituality is here neither an aim, nor an expected value - it constitutes rather an additional or redundant quality. A competitor focuses his/her attention first of all on the main aim assumed in planned or current rivalry. Emotional sensations which are experienced by athletes before, during or after competitions testify to mental and emotional stress which accompanies sports combat.

  19. 国际体育组织自治问题审视--以奥林匹克善治改革为背景%Autonomy of International Sports Organization:Under the Background of Olympic Good-Governance Reform

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄璐

    2016-01-01

    consequences of bad governance. As a way of internal decision-making and inter⁃est-negotiating, good governance is the best mechanism for internally controlling the autonomy and organizing efficient operations inside the international sports organization. In-depth interpretation of the contents and the environmental background for supporting the autonomy proposed in the 28th Article of Olympic Agenda 2020, discussion about the relationship between the organizational autonomy and the good-governance reform as well as the close connection between the autonomy and the organizational efficiency shall be convenient for the faster and better responses to the problems faced by the organization and the stakeholders. The reform agenda with regard to the good governance and autonomy defined at the Olympic Agenda 2020 shall be conducted from three per⁃spectives, including the standards of good governance, autonomy and transparency, and possesses certain quality policy standard and reform foresight. Howev⁃er, the policy design for the reform of Olympic good governance is restricted, and the policy-implementing practice is confronted with many difficulties, and a series of problems exist in the internal control mechanism of the Olympic movement, for which the future of good-governance reform is unknown. It is not on⁃ly a naturally successful process of political identification, but also a continuous process of cooperation and enhancement in political inter-trust among power bodies, from the achievement of good governance in the internal organization-control to the seeking of political identification and autonomy. The International Olympic Committee shall be committed to reform and practice of the good governance, instead of seeking political autonomy.

  20. Dealing with Sports Injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... TOPIC Sports Physicals Safety Tips: Basketball Safety Tips: Running Knee Injuries Sports and Exercise Safety Safety Tips: Soccer Physical Therapy Sports Center Anterior Cruciate Ligament (ACL) ...

  1. Achievement of the charge exchange work diminishing of an internal combustion engine in part load

    OpenAIRE

    Stefan POSTRZEDNIK; Zbigniew ŻMUDKA

    2012-01-01

    Internal combustion engines, used for driving of different cars, occurs not only at full load, but mostly at the part load. The relative load exchange work at the full (nominal) engine load is significantly low. At the part load of the IC engine its energy efficiency ηe is significantly lower than in the optimal (nominal field) range of the performance parameters. One of the numerous reasons of this effect is regular growing of the relative load exchange work of the IC engine. It is directly ...

  2. Sport Psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krotee, March L.

    1980-01-01

    Sport psychology is defined in terms of human behavior in athletic situations. The psychosocial cross-cultural setting provides a model for studying trait and state psychosocial attributes and suggests issues and concerns for further study. (JMF)

  3. Sports physical

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Dains JE, Flynn JA, Solomon BS, Stewart RW. Sports participation evaluation. In: Ball JW, Dains JE, Flynn ... professor of pediatrics, University of Washington School of Medicine, Seattle, WA. Also ...

  4. Sports Injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... most common sports injuries are Sprains and strains Knee injuries Swollen muscles Achilles tendon injuries Pain along the shin bone Rotator cuff injuries Fractures Dislocations If you get hurt, stop playing. Continuing ...

  5. Achieving compliance in international anti-doping policy: An analysis of the 2009 World Anti-Doping Code

    OpenAIRE

    Houlihan, Barrie

    2013-01-01

    Despite the rapid acceptance by sports organisations of the World Anti-Doping Code and ratification by governments of the UNESCO Convention Against Doping in Sport there remains a concern that formal implementation disguises shallow compliance or depth of commitment. The paper distinguishes between adherence, implementation and compliance and examines the ways in which compliance has been measured by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) and UNESCO. The aims of the paper are to evaluate the eff...

  6. In Pursuit of Excellence: A Student Guide to Elite Sports Development

    OpenAIRE

    Michael Hill

    2007-01-01

    DESCRIPTION This book is about how it is possible to achieve the excellence in sport in modern times. PURPOSE To cover the past of competitive sport of today as well as discussing current issues in sport such as drugs. The comparison of elite sporting methods in leading sport countries is also included. AUDIENCE Students in the field and anybody interested in modern sports especially in the history of it. FEATURES A comprehensive introduction about the pursuit of excellence in sport, covering...

  7. Sport labor migration, globalization and dual-career : case study of international student-athletes in University of Colorado at Boulder

    OpenAIRE

    Nurmi, Veera

    2014-01-01

    Sport, education, labor migration and globalization are all current areas of research worldwide. The U.S. has a unique system of making the dual-career option possible by having the college sport league organized by the non-profit association National Collegiate Athletic Association. The labor migration has increased in the past years. The primary research question in this study is, in which ways sport labor migration, globalization and dual-career are illustrated in the case study school ...

  8. Frech experience in achieving nuclear power self-reliance and possible benefits for international cooperation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The success of France's nuclear power program can be attributed to two main factor. Firstly, the necessity for France to increase its energy independence. Nuclear energy was the only viable choice, but French industry had to master all the phases of such a program. Secondly, a will to pursue the objectives set, which has remained steadfast for over 20 years. Today, two-thirds of French electricity comes from unclear power, and the French program is continuing its regular progression. Several times already, in particular in this pacific basin region, French industry has cooperated in nuclear power projects abroad. It is convinced that even greater international cooperation can only be beneficial for all, and is ready , for its part, to bring to bear on this effort all of its experience and resources. (author)

  9. Contribution of international cooperation in achieving the Romanian nuclear power objectives

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The international cooperation implied by the Romanian nuclear power program has on the short term the goal of supporting the Romanian effort of obtaining new nuclear fuels, improving the radioactive waste management, developing the technology and software transfer, training of Romanian researchers and participations in international projects. On long term the international cooperation is aiming at rising the scientific standards and the degree of global integration of Romanian research and technology. This policy is supported also by the agreements convened with different international organizations as for instance 'The Agreement for Nuclear Safety' or 'Common agreement for safe management of spent fuel and radioactive waste'. The INR at Pitesti and CITON - Bucharest are involved in works for cooperation technical projects supported by IAEA Vienna aiming at the nuclear safe and safeguard and power programs. At present underway are research contracts concerning the CANDU pressure tube, the corrosion in the primary cooling circuit of the CANDU reactors, as well as, the behavior under irradiation and intermediate disposal of oxide fuels. In the frame of IAEA assisted technical programs the TRIGA reactor of INR Pitesti is transferred from HEU to LEU fuels, new technologies for using recovered uranium and slightly enriched uranium fuels are developed, as well as a data acquisition system with advanced on-line characteristics. The cooperation between INR Pitesti and AECL Canada comprised in the frame of the 1998 agreement is oriented towards three fields of common interest: nuclear safety, nuclear fuel and management of in-service life of NPPs. Already transferred were computer codes from AECL devoted to accident analysis (WIMS, CATHENA and ELOCA) which were implemented and reproduced accurately all the test cases provided by AECL. For installing these codes specialists from our institute participated in training courses, on-the-job training, as well as, in validation

  10. IMPORTANCE OF THEORETICAL AND SCIENTIFIC PREPARATION IN COMBAT SPORTS TRAINING

    OpenAIRE

    Paul Iacobini

    2013-01-01

    Theoretical training is an important factor in terms of sports development of scientific research, specific to combat sports for achieving specific performance objectives set. Theoretical knowledge is theoretical science which the trainer teaches the lesson of training for understanding and integrating sporting content in sporting life. Thought the theoretical preparation, the athlete acknowledges the educational value of sports training. Theoretical preparation includes a rich content issues...

  11. Sport for All Frail Bodies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jespersen Ejgil

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Sport for All is a universal Olympic idea adopted by supranational institutions such as the Council of Europe, UNESCO, and the UN. Measures that need to be taken to ensure that all people have an equal opportunity to be included in sport are analyzed and discussed based upon a survey of sports and exercise participation in Denmark with a special focus upon people with impairments. The prevailing point of view is a special needs approach to sports participation, whether it is oriented towards separate or integrated forms of organization. It is often unclear whether this approach is aiming for equality of outcome, equality of chance or just a minimum threshold for sports and exercise activity. However, if we adopt a universal approach to Sport for all, then the focus is not on differences among people, but upon the commonalities among human beings in light of their diversity. This approach is associated with the understanding of “universal design” in the UN‟s Convention of the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and the WHO‟s International Classification of Functioning, Disability, and Health. In conclusion, it is highlighted that a more inclusive Sport for All movement is preferable to a segregated or integrated disability sport, provided the persons concerned have a say in every case.

  12. The Reciprocal Internal/External Frame of Reference Model: An Integration of Models of Relations between Academic Achievement and Self-Concept

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moller, Jens; Retelsdorf, Jan; Koller, Olaf; Marsh, Herb W.

    2011-01-01

    The reciprocal internal/external frame of reference model (RI/EM) combines the internal/external frame of reference model and the reciprocal effects model. The RI/EM predicts positive effects of mathematics and verbal achievement and academic self-concepts (ASC) on subsequent mathematics and verbal achievements and ASCs within domains and negative…

  13. Motivation, Self-Regulated Learning Efficacy, and Academic Achievement among International and Domestic Students at an Urban Community College: A Comparison

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, Hsiang-Ann; Ferdenzi, Anita Cuttita; Edlin, Margot

    2012-01-01

    This study is designed to examine how intrinsic motivation, extrinsic motivation, and self-regulated learning efficacy influence academic achievement of international and domestic community college students. Results show that for both international and domestic students, motivation did not directly affect academic achievement. Self-regulated…

  14. Contemporary Research in Sports Economics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    This volume comprises scientific contributions in the context of the 5th annual conference of the European Association of Sports Economics (ESEA), which took place in September 2013 in Esbjerg, Denmark. It contains five articles on UEFA’s financial fair play regulation in European football, written...... by internationally renowned sports economists like Stefan Szymanski, Joel Maxcy and Sean Hamil. Moreover, a further three chapters deal with football topics like the dismissal of coaches or competitive balance. Furthermore, the economics of sports events – the Olympics as well as local events – are...

  15. Facial Sports Injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Calendar Find an ENT Doctor Near You Facial Sports Injuries Facial Sports Injuries Patient Health Information News media ... should receive immediate medical attention. Prevention Of Facial Sports Injuries The best way to treat facial sports injuries ...

  16. Internationalisation of the Sport Management Curriculum : academic and student reflections

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haan, de Donna; Sherry, Emma

    2012-01-01

    Internationalisation of the sport industry has resulted in a demand for integration of international perspectives into the sport management higher education curriculum, to produce graduates capable of working within this rapidly developing global industry. Internationalisation of the curriculum can

  17. Sport&EU Workshop: The EU and the Governance of Sport, Policy and Perspectives. University of Chester, 6-7 July 2007

    OpenAIRE

    García, Borja

    2007-01-01

    The Department of Sport and Exercise Sciences and the Chester Centre for Research into Sport and Society at the University of Chester hosted the second annual workshop of the Association for the Study of Sport and the European Union (Sport&EU) entitled ‘The EU and the governance of sport: policy and perspectives’. The event was organised and sponsored jointly by the Centre for the Study of International Governance (CSIG) at Loughborough University, Sport&EU and the University of Chest...

  18. Meta-organization design applied to international sport organizations : the case of World Anti-Doping Agency

    OpenAIRE

    Malcourant, Emilie; Vas, Alain; Zintz, Thierry

    2012-01-01

    The concept of meta-organization has attracted great interest from research perspectives since 2005. It is seen as a way to reflect the current organizational reality characterized by associations of independent organizations working together to achieve a common goal. Meta-organization allows understanding globalization and internationalization of our world. However, little has been done on meta-organization. Its understanding remains still poorly developed. This paper focuses on an internati...

  19. Teaching Games for Understanding Conference Supplement from the German Sport University

    Science.gov (United States)

    Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 2016

    2016-01-01

    By bringing together the national German sports game community and an international scientific community in a joint conference, the 6th International Teaching Games for Understanding Conference (TGfU) Meets the 10th German Sports Games Symposium of the German Association of Sport Science (DVS), held July 25-27, 2016, at the German Sport University…

  20. Enhancing performance and reducing stress in sports technological advances

    CERN Document Server

    Ivancevic, Tijana; Greenberg, Ronald

    2015-01-01

    This book is designed to help athletes and individuals interested in high sports performance in their journey towards the perfection of human sports abilities and achievements. It has two main goals: accelerating the acquisition of motor skills and preparing and vigilantly reducing the recovery time after training and competition. The Diamond Sports Protocol (DSP) presents state-of-the-art techniques for current sport and health technologies, particularly neuromuscular electrical stimulation (Sports Wave), oxygen infusion (Oxy Sports), infrared (Sports Infrared Dome) and lactic acid cleaning (Turbo Sports). The book suggest DSP as an essential part of every future athlete's training, competition and health maintenance. The book is for everyone interested in superior sports performance, fast and effective rehabilitation from training and competition and sports injury prevention.

  1. The prevention of violence in sport

    OpenAIRE

    Comeron, Manuel

    2003-01-01

    The beginning of this century has seen a shift in the type of violence associated with sports events, in particular football. Once contained by football grounds and generally one-off and spontaneous in nature, sports violence has moved to urban areas and city centres. Contemporary society is now confronted with sports violence which is often premeditated, and commonly involves hard-core supporters who seek systematic and organised confrontation at local, national and international matches and...

  2. Conceptual principles of fencing development in children’s sports schools in Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Driukov O.V.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to work out conceptual principles for successful and dynamic development of fencing in children’s sports schools in Ukraine. Material: the researches were conducted on material of children’s sports school Dynamo in Kiev. In this work we used SWOT analysis - method of strategic planning, which implies determination of external and internal factors of organization and their dividing into four categories: strengths (strong sides, weaknesses (weak sides, opportunities and threats. For determination of experts’ opinion concordance in SWOT analysis we used concordance coefficient. Results: we worked out conception of fencing development in children’s sports schools in Ukraine in modern conditions. The specificity of this conception implies determination of strategic approaches to further fencing progressing in children’s sports schools in Ukraine. The conception can serve as bench mark for development and realization of program documents in sphere of fencing progressing or its different branches. Conclusions: we have worked out conception of fencing progressing in children’s sports schools in Ukraine, which is based on achievements and traditions of fencing in Ukraine and in the world. Its development is based on systemic analysis of internal and external factors, which influence on development of fencing in sports schools and on choice of its progressing strategy in new social economical conditions.

  3. Sport Management Internships: Agency Perspectives, Expectations, and Concerns

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Jo

    2004-01-01

    Should we hire a sport management intern in our organization or department? What role will the intern play? How will we benefit? What can we expect from sport management interns in terms of preparation and commitment? How easy is it to find, select, and work with an appropriately prepared intern? Professionals ask all of these questions when they…

  4. Sport Progressions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clumpner, Roy A.

    This book, which is primarily for secondary physical education teachers, presents a sequential approach to teaching skills that are essential to eight sports. The activities and lead-up games included in the book put beginning students directly into game-like situations where they can practice skills. Each chapter begins with a background of the…

  5. Racquet Sports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zebas, Carole J., Ed.; Groppel, Jack L., Ed.

    1983-01-01

    In six articles on racquet sports, the origins of the games are traced, methods for teaching skills such as footwork, racquetball strategy, and badminton techniques are discussed, and the biomechanics of the one- and two-handed backhand in tennis are reviewed. Information about paddle tennis is included. (PP)

  6. Communist sports

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Švácha, Rostislav

    Prague: Prostor - architektura, interiér, design, 2012 - (Švácha, R.), s. 186-199 ISBN 978-80-87064-09-2 Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : architecture * sport * state control Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  7. Aristocratic sports

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Švácha, Rostislav

    Prague: Prostor - architektura, interiér, design, 2012 - (Švácha, R.), s. 14-19 ISBN 978-80-87064-09-2 Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : architecture * sport * aristocracy Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  8. Sports Supplements

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... sports supplements often use persuasive before and after pictures that make it look easy to get a muscular, toned body. But the goal of supplement advertisers is to make money by selling more supplements, and many claims may be misleading. Teens and kids may seem like an easy sell ...

  9. RELATİONSHİP BETWEEN PUBLİC RELATİONS AND SPONSORSHİPS İN SPORT MARKETİNG

    OpenAIRE

    Hale BOZKURT; Reşat KARTAL

    2008-01-01

    The concept of sport sector arised together with the concept of sport marketing. Sport marketing is a vital and powerful strategic tool in sport business at local, national, and international levels. Sport marketing means that trademarks are being marketed through sport and also sport is being marketed for social aims. Sport marketing methods are event marketing, advertising, and public relations. Public relations in these methods is key element for creating a positive image by making an emot...

  10. [Sex role and sports].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Darlison, E

    2000-11-01

    Gender inequality in all areas of life remains a global problem despite efforts over the past twenty years in particular to address the situation. In physical activity and sport the inequality between women and men is particularly pronounced in almost all countries, although it differs in degree. Two of the main reasons why inequality between women and men physical activity and sport is more extreme than in many other areas of social life are the result of the close association between the attributes required for sport and those associated with traditional concepts of stereotypical, hegemonic masculinity, and a lack of understanding of the difference between sex and gender. In sport and physical activity physical differences between men and women have been confused with socially constructed differences i.e. physical differences have been confused with gender differences, and this confusion has been used to justify women's lesser and limited participation at all levels. To achieve equality between women and men in physical activity and sport it will be essential that gender is identified and understood as a socially constructed and fluid concept which is a product of the relations between women and men. The fact that women bear children or are generally less physically powerful than men is not sufficient to justify why it is not considered appropriate for women to participate in certain forms of physical activity or why their participation is less valued than the participation of men. An understanding of gender and of the construction of gender relations is an important pre-requisite to addressing the inequality between women and men in physical activity and sport and in developing policies and programs which include, and are of equal benefit to both sexes. While more research on the benefits of participation in physical activity is needed, there is currently sufficient information available to identify the health related and social value of participation to both

  11. Writing lives in sport

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Mette Krogh

    Writing lives in sport is a book of stories about sports-persons. The people concerned include sports stars, sports people who are not quite so famous, and relatively unknown physical education teachers and sports scientists.Writing lives in sport raises questions about writing biographies...... in the academis world of sport studies. It does not set out to be a methodological treatise but through the writing of lives in sports does raise questions of method. Each essay in this collection deals with problems of writing sports-people's lives. These essays could be said to fall along a spectrum from those...

  12. Sport for tall.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khosla, T

    1983-09-10

    Eight new events (handball, basketball, and six rowing events) were introduced for women in the Olympic Games at Montreal in 1976. Of 187 women rowers who competed at Montreal, none was shorter than the mean height (162 cm, 64 in) of women aged 18-24 in the United States. In team events only two out of 250 participants were shorter than the reference mean. Even among the tall, it was the taller participants who won medals. What does the slogan "Sport for All" mean in this context? Moreover, the physical size required of champion rowers and basketball players is not to be found in some Asian, African, and Latin American populations. International contests in many such events therefore seem to be at variance with the first charter of the Olympic Games. An independent reviewing body is urgently needed to examine the merits of man made rules in many sporting contests. PMID:6412804

  13. 对我国体育社团可持续发展“内生动力”的思考%Internal Impetus of the Sustainable Development of Chinese Sports Associations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾桂生; 逯秋月; 颜月乔; 张文; 李文渊

    2014-01-01

    通过文献资料法、比较分析法等,对我国体育社团实现可持续发展的“内生动力”进行研究,其结果表明:对我国体育社团进行角色定位,大力培养体育社团发展的内生动力,不仅仅是快速提升我国体育社团的服务职能、社会效用以及社团会员满意度的关键所在,更是真正实现我国体育社团自主管理、独立发展,贯彻执行服务性社会最直接有效的途径。%By the ways of literature review and comparative analysis, this paper studies the internal impetus of the sustainable development of Chinese sports associations. The result indicates that deifning the role of Chinese sports associations and cultivating their internal impetus are not only the key to fast improve the sports associations’ service function, social utility and member satisfaction degrees, but also a direct and effective way for truly realizing the associations’ self-management, independent development and implementing a service-oriented society.

  14. Fatal Injuries in Sports

    OpenAIRE

    Leonid S. Khodasevich; Aleksei L. Khodasevich; Sergei G. Kuzin

    2013-01-01

    The literary review, related to fatal injuries in sports, contains epidemiology, their mechanisms, causes of death in sports. Injuries in different sports have their own features, concerned with sports equipment, performed exercises, sports facilities equipment and protective equipment, used by the athletes.

  15. KEY TOPICS IN SPORTS MEDICINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amir Ali Narvani

    2006-12-01

    Injury, 27. Injury to the Face, Nose, Ear, 28. Dental Problems, 29. Protective Headwear and Facial Protection in Sport, 30. Spinal Injury: Functional Anatomy and General Biomechanics, 31. Cervical Spine Injuries, 32. Thoracolumbar Spine Injuries, 33. Spine Related Syndromes, 34. Chest Injuries, 35. Abdominal Injuries and Abdominal Wall Injuries, 36. Urinary Tract Injuries, 37. The Shoulder Disorders, 38. Acromioclavicular Joint Disorders, 39. The Elbow Joint, 40. The Forearm and Wrist, 41. Hand Injuries, 42. Neurological Injury Affecting the Upper Limb, 43. Buttock Pain, 44. Groin Pain, 45. Thigh Injuries. ASSESSMENT Based on graduate programme teaching practice and with an international team of contributors, this is a valuable and practical resource for all those interested in sports and exercise medicine, including sports clinicians, general practitioners, team doctors, orthopaedic surgeons, accident and emergency doctors and physiotherapists. It is concise and well organized in its presentation, creating an effective textbook. I believe, therefore, the book will serve as a first-rate teaching tool and reference for students and specialists in sports medicine and rehabilitation, athletic training, physiotherapy. Students will enjoy the format of this book

  16. Physical Education and Sport and the Quality of Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pooley, John C.

    1984-01-01

    Physical education and sports programs have the potential to enhance the quality of life. Cheating and violence in sports have become international problems that tarnish the credibility of athletic programs. Professionals need to emphasize good sportsmanship and fair play in sports programs. (DF)

  17. 78 FR 35085 - Consensus Standards, Light-Sport Aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-11

    ... Federal Aviation Administration Consensus Standards, Light-Sport Aircraft AGENCY: Federal Aviation... Light-Sport Aircraft rule issued July 16, 2004, and effective September 1, 2004. ASTM International Committee F37 on Light Sport Aircraft developed the new and revised standards with Federal...

  18. 77 FR 24251 - Consensus Standards, Light-Sport Aircraft

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-23

    ... Federal Aviation Administration Consensus Standards, Light-Sport Aircraft AGENCY: Federal Aviation... and Light-Sport Aircraft rule issued July 16, 2004, and effective September 1, 2004. ASTM International Committee F37 on Light Sport Aircraft developed the new and revised standards with...

  19. Sport horses

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rovere, Gabriel Alejandro

    The general goal of this thesis was to provide information useful for the breeding programme of the Royal Dutch Warmblood Studbook (KWPN) in relation with the ongoing specialisation of the population. Data provided by KWPN consisted of records from studbook-first inspection, competition performan....... Constructing separate selection indexes would allow for optimal weighting of information sources such as studbook-entry inspection traits in accordance to the breeding goal of each sports discipline....

  20. Analysis on Hot Issues of International Leisure Sports---Based on the Key Words%国际休闲体育研究热点问题分析--基于高频关键词

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高明; 韩尚洁; 段卉; 邱军

    2016-01-01

    take science measurement and keyword co-oc-currence analysis for 1664 leisure sports research literatures which selected form Web of Science core data-base collection of the three sub-libraries “SCI-EXPAND-ED、SSCI、A&HCI” included in 2005 2014,Explore the international leisure sports research survey and research focus. Analysis showed that:international leisure sports re-search at this stage mainly in North America and Europe and other developed economies; multi-disciplinary research in public health and sports science to build a leisure sports multi-faceted research system; research focus mainly on health, obesity, risk factors, mortality, as well as the effect of leisure sports on some chronic disea-ses,the main object of attention on the women,adults and children. Multidisciplinary research occupies an important position in leisure sports,influential research results con-tinue to emerged, expanding research focus of leisure sports become the driving force of evolution, it improved the vigorous development of leisure sports, and access to the various concerns.%通过对Web of Science数据库核心合集三大子库“SCI-EXPANDED、SSCI、A&HCI”收录的20052014年关于休闲体育研究的1664篇文献进行科学计量与关键词共现分析,探索国际休闲体育研究概况和研究热点。分析表明:现阶段国际休闲体育研究力量主要集中在北美和欧洲等经济发达国家;以公共卫生与健康、体育科学等多学科研究构建了休闲体育研究中的多方位研究体系;研究热点主要集中于健康、肥胖、风险因素、死亡、以及休闲体育活动对部分慢性病的影响;主要关注对象为妇女、成人及儿童。多学科研究在休闲体育研究中占有重要的地位,有影响力研究成果的不断涌现、研究热点的不断拓展成为休闲体育研究演进的动力,推进休闲体育的蓬勃发展,并获得了多方面的关注。

  1. Financing Professional Sports Facilities

    OpenAIRE

    Baade, Robert A.; Victor A. Matheson

    2011-01-01

    This paper examines public financing of professional sports facilities with a focus on both early and recent developments in taxpayer subsidization of spectator sports. The paper explores both the magnitude and the sources of public funding for professional sports facilities.

  2. Eye Injuries in Sports

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... High-risk sports use a ball, puck, bat, stick or racquet, or they involve body contact. Some high-risk sports are baseball, basketball, hockey, football, lacrosse, tennis and other racquet sports, fencing ...

  3. Sports and Concussions

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... How Can I Help a Friend Who Cuts? Sports and Concussions KidsHealth > For Teens > Sports and Concussions ... between skiers or snowboarders continue Preventing Concussions in Sports Start With the Right Equipment Everyone should wear ...

  4. Sports cream overdose

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sports creams are creams or ointments used to treat aches and pains. Sports cream overdose can occur if someone uses this ... Two ingredients in sports creams that can be poisonous are: Menthol Methyl salicylate

  5. INTERACTIONS BETWEEN GLOBALIZATION AND SPORTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Senem ÇEYİZ

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available We live in a world of rapid change. Although the most obvious examples of this change are seen in technology, it, in fact, has permeated all areas of life. When viewed from an international perspective, it is possible to say that almost all of the borders in many areas - particularly economic, social and cultural - in the world have disappeared due to the impact of technology. Nowadays the process which is seen as the source of all these changes and interactions is referred to as globalization. The word globalization has often been used as a multidimensional concept . Today, owin g to the process of globalization in many areas , spatial distances are almost diminished, so much so that the developments which take place at one end of the world may affect another country at the other end . The effects of globalization are as visible in the sports field as in many other areas. Sports is becoming more and more industrialized day by day . Live broadcasting of several sporting events has quite a large audience all over the world. Many foreign ath letes take part in national teams by changing their nationalities . It can also be argued that as much as globalization has an impact on sports today so does sports on globalization. The concepts inherent in sports like performance , competition, breaking re cords have created a common language recognized all over the world, a situation which serves to accelerate globalization.

  6. Sports law and policy in the European Union

    OpenAIRE

    Parrish, Richard

    2003-01-01

    The commercialisation of sport in Europe raises important questions concerning the most appropriate method of regulating sporting activity. The development of the European Union and the internationalisation of sporting competition has added an international dimension to this debate. Yet sport is not simply a business to be regulated in the same way as any other industry. It is also a social and cultural activity. Can regulation at EU level reconcile this tension? Adopting a distinctive legal ...

  7. Doping, sport and the law: time for repeal of prohibition?

    OpenAIRE

    Anderson, Jack

    2013-01-01

    This article concerns the legal issues that surround the prohibition of doping in sport. The current policy on the use of performance enhancing drugs (PEDs) in sport is underpinned by both a paternalistic desire to protect athletes’ health and the long-term integrity or ‘spirit’ of sport. The policy is put into administrative effect globally by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA), which provides the regulatory and legal framework through which the vast majority of international sports federat...

  8. Guest Editor’s Introduction: Sport Finance and Gambling

    OpenAIRE

    BRAD R. HUMPHREYS

    2008-01-01

    Gambling on sports is a big business, and in North America it has evolved during the past few decades from a shady, quasi-legal activity to a widely accepted recreational activity. As with any big business, gambling on sports has a number of important financial and economic implications. This special issue of the International Journal of Sport Finance explores several important financial and economic issues related to sports gambling.

  9. Green Brand Development in Sports Nutrition Food

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhe Ren

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This study is to research the current situation and the effect which is brought by the nutrition food of the green band development in sports nutrition food. Sports nutrition is the study and practice of nutrition and diet as it relates to athletic performance. It is concerned with the type and quantity of fluid and food taken by an athlete and deals with nutrients such as vitamins, minerals, supplements and organic substances such as carbohydrates, proteins and fats. Although an important part of many sports training regimens, it is most commonly considered in strength sports and endurance sports. From the view of meeting the demand for health of athletes, this study discussed the green brand development in sports nutrition food. Taking sustainable development theory as principle, we analyzed the advantages and disadvantages of green brand in sports nutrition food. In the fierce competitive environment, some companies blindly pursue the number of products, but ignore the quality of products. However, with the environmental protection consciousness and self-protection awareness, pure natural food, high-quality green food and healthy food have become people's preference. As for athletes, they also choose the green sports nutrition food. Therefore, developing the green brand for sports nutrition food will be a sustainable road for all food companies. In past 2 years, the developments of sports nutritive products, the formulation of trade standard, spread of sports nutrition knowledge, international and domestic scientific exchanges and training of sports dietitian had been done. These excellent situations predicted a good future of green brand development in sports nutrition food.

  10. PRESENT TIMES SPORT MANAGEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Silvia GRĂDINARU

    2016-01-01

    The goal of this paper is to play as introduction for the sport management science, both as academic and professional major. The paper provides a broad overview of sport management rather than detailed instructions about how sport management is seen. The professional career in sport management should be built on a strong conceptual foundation. Sport managers who can think critically about sport – related issues will be competent, reflective professionals who have the potential to become influ...

  11. Sports Video Analysis: Semantics Extraction, Editorial Content Creation and Adaptation

    OpenAIRE

    Changsheng Xu; Jian Cheng; Yi Zhang; Yifan Zhang; Hanqing Lu

    2009-01-01

    Advances in computing, networking, and multimedia technologies have led to a tremendous growth of sports video content and accelerated the need of analysis and understanding of sports video content. Sports video analysis has been a hot research area and a number of potential applications have been identified. In this paper, we summarize our research achievement on semantics extraction and automatic editorial content creation and adaptation in sports video analysis. We first propose a generic ...

  12. Achievement of Climate Planning Objectives among U.S. Member Cities of the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clinton, Kelsey W.; Lam, Nina S. N.

    2016-01-01

    In an effort to address climate change, many cities have joined the International Council for Local Environmental Initiatives (ICLEI) whose members commit to work toward five specific program objectives designed to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. This study examines the extent to which 257 member cities in the US have been successful in achieving these program milestones and identifies factors that may explain variation in the performance of member cities. Potential influences on milestone attainment include socioeconomic, political and ideological characteristics of residents, length of ICLEI membership, existence of other climate programs within the state, and local environmental pressures. Multiple regression results indicate that length of membership is the strongest predictor of milestone attainment, regardless of local socioeconomic conditions, ideological and political orientations of residents, or other climate-related initiatives within the state. This finding supports the general effectiveness of ICLEI’s network organizational model and its outreach and education efforts. However, member cities facing more “climate stress”, including higher levels of hazardous air pollutants (HAP’s) and greater automobile use among residents are making slower progress. The findings yield insight into the conditions under which cities engaged in climate planning are more likely to succeed in reducing local greenhouse gas emissions-relevant information for planners, community stakeholders and administrators of organizations like ICLEI.

  13. International note: Are Emirati parents' attitudes toward mathematics linked to their adolescent children's attitudes toward mathematics and mathematics achievement?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Areepattamannil, Shaljan; Khine, Myint Swe; Melkonian, Michael; Welch, Anita G; Al Nuaimi, Samira Ahmed; Rashad, Fatimah F

    2015-10-01

    Drawing on data from the 2012 Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) and employing multilevel modeling as an analytic strategy, this study examined the relations of adolescent children's perceptions of their parents' attitudes towards mathematics to their own attitudes towards mathematics and mathematics achievement among a sample of 5116 adolescents from 384 schools in the United Arab Emirates. The results of this cross-sectional study revealed that adolescents who perceived that their parents liked mathematics and considered mathematics was important for their children not only to study but also for their career tended to report higher levels of intrinsic and instrumental motivation to learn mathematics, mathematics self-concept and self-efficacy, and mathematics work ethic. Moreover, adolescents who perceived that their parents liked mathematics and considered mathematics was important for their children's career tended to report positive intentions and behaviors toward mathematics. However, adolescents who perceived that their parents considered mathematics was important for their children's career tended to report higher levels of mathematics anxiety. Finally, adolescents who perceived that their parents considered mathematics was important for their children to study performed significantly better on the mathematics assessment than did their peers whose parents disregarded the importance of learning mathematics. PMID:26189150

  14. PREFACE: 11th International Spring Seminar on Nuclear Physics: Shell Model and Nuclear Structure - achievements of the past two decades

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-02-01

    The 11th International Seminar on Nuclear Physics was held in Ischia from May 12 to May 16, 2014. This Seminar was dedicated to Aldo Covello, who has been the promoter of this series of meetings, which started in Sorrento in 1986 and continued with meetings held every two or three years in the Naples area. Aldo's idea was to offer to a group of researchers, actively working in selected fields of Nuclear Physics, the opportunity to confront their points of view in a lively and informal way. The choice for the period of the year, Spring, as well as the sites chosen reflected this intent. The first meeting was of a purely theoretical nature, but it was immediately clear that the scope of these conferences needed to be enlarged calling into play the experimental community. Then, starting from the second meeting, all the following ones have been characterized by fruitful discussion between theoretical and experimental researchers on current achievements and future developments of nuclear structure. This may be read, in fact, as one of the motivating factors for Aldo's election as Fellow of the American Physical Society in 2008 "... for his outstanding contributions to the international nuclear physics community by providing, for over two decades, a venue for theorists and experimentalists to share their latest ideas." The present meeting, organized by Aldo's former students and with the benefit of his suggestions, has maintained this tradition. The title "Shell model and nuclear structure: achievements of the past two decades" recalls that of the 2nd International Spring Seminar "Shell Model and Nuclear Structure: where do we stand?". The main aim of this 11th Seminar was, in fact, to discuss the changes of the past two decades on our view of nuclei in terms of shell structure as well as the perspectives of the shell model, which has been one of the key points in Aldo's research. This point is well accounted by the Opening Speech of Igal Talmi, one of the fathers of the

  15. THE MANAGEMENT OF THE SPORT ACTIVITY AT THE UNIVERSITY OF PETROSANI

    OpenAIRE

    IOAN STELESCU

    2013-01-01

    The management in sport has a very important role today considering that sport is a source of income and stimulates the industry and the economical development. The level of sport today requires some programmers of management of sport which surfaced recently in the international management and was adjusted to Romanian conditions.

  16. Safe! Sports, Campers & Reducing Sports Injuries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomson, Beth J.

    1989-01-01

    Acceptance of adult roles by children increases "adult injuries," notably broken bones from sports. Suggests camp administrators be familiar with clientele, particular sports, and the kinds of injuries that generally result in each. Discusses children's age, types of sports, and other factors that come into play when anticipating and treating…

  17. Creating sport consumers in Dutch sport policy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Roest, Jan Willem; Vermeulen, Jeroen; van Bottenburg, Maarten; LS Sportontw. & Managing Social Issues; UU LEG Research USG Public Matters Managing Social Issues; LS Management van Cultuur en Zingeving

    2014-01-01

    This article deals with the tension between the association logic and the market logic that appears in the domain of voluntary sport clubs (VSCs). We present a qualitative analysis of sport policy texts of fifteen Dutch national sport organizations (NSOs) and the national umbrella organization to ex

  18. Creating sport consumers in Dutch sport policy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Roest, Jan Willem; Vermeulen, Jeroen; van Bottenburg, Maarten

    2015-01-01

    This article deals with the tension between the association logic and the market logic that appears in the domain of voluntary sport clubs (VSCs). We present a qualitative analysis of sport policy texts of fifteen Dutch national sport organizations (NSOs) and the national umbrella organization to ex

  19. Sports Culture and Sports in Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yılmaz KAPLAN

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Sports culture indicates all kinds of morals, products, and behavior. This study aims to argue sports as a cultural element and its appearence in Turkey. This is a descriptive study based on theoretical argument. It is periodic since it is limited to a given term and it is also relied upon literature review. People's adaptations to living conditions are related to culture. We can specify this, “all the patt erns of living and behavior which are special to small units within a large and structurally developed society.” ( Erdemli , 2002In Turkey; it’s more accurate to say that, it’s understood football when you think about sports and sport culture is football culture. This condition can not only induce cultural diversity and wealth but it also leads to a transformation into a society who likes watching sports, talking about sports (saying more precisely football rather than doing sports. Sport magazine has sur passed the sport itself. Representation of sport in media does not make a favorable contribution. Sport media invites violence with its manner of representation of news by acting with the concerns of rating and curcilation although they, at every turn, dec lare that they are against violence. Discourses which include violence, nationalism, sexism, and slang has increased in media as an extensive research also suggested ( Talimciler , 2003.Culture, is a phenomenon which is considerably about quality and accumu lation. Processes are as important as results; sometimes even more. In this sense sport is much more than the score. In a country, a sport branch can be attracting more attention than the other ones; however, Limiting sports to football, also limiting fo otball to several football clubs, and ignoring many of sports branches, those who are interested in them, and who are amateurs is an unfair and reductive approach. On the other hand; sports opportunities could not be created for millions of young and adul t people in our country

  20. PRESENT TIMES SPORT MANAGEMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia GRĂDINARU

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this paper is to play as introduction for the sport management science, both as academic and professional major. The paper provides a broad overview of sport management rather than detailed instructions about how sport management is seen. The professional career in sport management should be built on a strong conceptual foundation. Sport managers who can think critically about sport – related issues will be competent, reflective professionals who have the potential to become influential agents of change. The sport management will face many challenges in the future, as examination of the ethics, social responsibility and principled decision making but in the meantime will offer opportunities towards society.

  1. Marijuana as doping in sports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campos, Daniel R; Yonamine, Mauricio; de Moraes Moreau, Regina L

    2003-01-01

    A high incidence of positive cases for cannabinoids, in analyses for doping control in sports, has been observed since the International Olympic Committee (IOC) included them in the 1989 list of prohibited drugs under the title of classes of prohibited substances in certain circumstances. Where the rules of sports federations so provide, tests are conducted for marijuana, hashish or any other cannabis product exposure by means of urinalysis of 11-nor-delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol-9-carboxylic acid (carboxy-THC) the main metabolite of delta-9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC). Concentrations >15 ng/mL (cut-off value) in confirmatory analytical procedures are considered doping. Cannabis is an illicit drug in several countries and has received much attention in the media for its potential therapeutic uses and the efforts to legalise its use. Studies have demonstrated that the use of cannabinoids can reduce anxiety, but it does not have ergogenic potential in sports activities. An increase in heart rate and blood pressure, decline of cardiac output and reduced psychomotor activity are some of the pharmacological effects of THC that will determine a decrease in athletic performance. An ergolytic activity of cannabis products has been observed in athletes of several different sport categories. In Brazil, analyses for doping control in sports, performed in our laboratories, have detected positive cases for carboxy-THC in urine samples of soccer, volleyball, cycling and other athletes. It is our intention to discuss in this article some points that may discourage individuals from using cannabis products during sports activities, even in the so-called permitted circumstances defined by the IOC and some sports federations. PMID:12744713

  2. Can genotype determine the sports phenotype? A paradigm shift in sports medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghosh, Amit; Mahajan, Preetam B

    2016-06-01

    In last two decades, there has been an evolution in sports medicine. Several researchers have worked on different domains of sports medicine, like strength, endurance, sports injury, and psychology. Besides this, several groups have explored the changes at cellular and molecular levels during exercise, which has led to the development of the new domain in sports science known as genetic medicine. Genetic medicine deals with the genotypic basis of sports phenotype. In this article, we try to provide an up-to-date review on genetic determinants of sports performance, which will be like a journey from the nostalgic past towards the traditional present and the romantic future of sports medicine. Endurance and power performance are two important domains of athletes. They vary in individuals, even among trained athletes. Researches indicate that the genetic makeup of sportsmen play a vital role in their performance. Several genetic factors are reported to be responsible for endurance, power, susceptibility to injury, and even psychology of the individual. Besides this, proper training, nutrition, and environment are also important in shaping their potential. The aim of this discussion is to understand the influence of the environment and the genetic makeup on the performance of the athletes. There is sufficient evidence to suggest that genotype determines the sports phenotype in an athlete. Choosing the right sports activity based on genetic endowment is the key for achieving excellence in sports. PMID:26812785

  3. Stakeholder’s expectations and objectives of the sport club in the context of marketing activities

    OpenAIRE

    Kowalski, S.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of the article is to identify the ways to achieve different sport organization goals through marketing activities. Commercialization of sport makes sport organization to seek the way to meet the needs of its stakeholders – main sponsors, supporters and local government, while providing opportunities for athletes and achieving success. The author pays attention to the issues of diversity goals and policies on the example of sport organizations aimed to achieve these goals. The basi...

  4. RELATIONSHIP MARKETING IN PROFFESIONAL SPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iftime Dragoș Adrian

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The scope of this study is to present the evolution of Barclays Premier League organization from the relationship marketing perspective and to analyze issues regarding the way in which the sportive organization implements the relationship marketing principles, which strategies is using and what are the main benefits, based on the examination of its history and its current practices. The relationship between sport organizations and the consumers of the sport product is a genuine bond; in fact the consumer is the sine qua non condition for the sport organizations to exist. Without constant reference to the final consumer, the professional sport finds itself in the situation of no means or reasons to outlast. Even more, all the transactions achieved on the sport market imply a certain level of expressing relationship marketing. This paper studies the impact of embracing the principles of relationship marketing in one of the most successful sportive organizations, Barclays Premier League, and the positive changes driven by this approach over the past decade. The research presents also the complex dynamic of creating and maintaining relations in professional sport as well as the implications of adopting a functional approach of the relationship marketing in this field. One important aspect refers to the added value this concept creates for the sportive organization. The result of this study consists of a set of recommended strategies and tactics to be introduced by a football club oriented towards achieving relationship marketing oriented goals that would help the organization to fully benefit from the implementation of this concept.

  5. Study on the Performance Evaluation System of High Level Sports Teams%高校高水平运动队绩效评估指标体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于可红; 张洁

    2012-01-01

    From the performance management perspective, the Balanced Scorecard applied to the performance as- sessment of high level sports teams. On the current internal and external environments of university sports teams, SWOT analysis method used to develop sports teams development strategies, from the organizers - uni- versity, sports teams internal processes, funding for sports teams, the development of sports teams in four di- mensions construction high level sports teams performance evaluation index syst~n. Finally, we use AHP to de- temaine the weight of performance indicators to achieve a comprehensive evaluation of sports teams.%从绩效管理的角度出发,将平衡计分卡应用到高校高水平运动队绩效评估中。通过对当前高校高水平运动队内外环境的分析,采用SWOT分析法制定运动队发展战略,从主办方——学校、运动队内部流程、运动队经费、运动队发展四个维度构建高校高水平运动队的绩效评估指标体系。最后,运用层次分析法确定绩效指标的权重,从而实现对运动队实现全面的评价。

  6. An interpretation and thinking on “ sports power ” and “ sports power dream”of China%对我国“体育强国”和“体育强国梦”的解读与思考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐本力

    2014-01-01

    By reviewing the background of proposing the strategic goal of building China into a sports power,an in - depth analysis was made on the concepts and scientific connotation of "major sports country" ," sports power" and " China sports dream" and in addition,some customized agreements on " sports power" by international circle were introduced. Finally, some thinking and ideas were put forward on how to achieve the strategic goal of " stepping from a major sports country to sports power" and " China sports dream" .%在对我国体育强国战略目标提出的历史背景进行回顾的基础上,对“体育大国”、“体育强国”和“中国体育梦”等概念和科学内涵进行了深入的分析和解读,并介绍了国际上有关“体育强国”内涵的一些约定俗成的共识。在此基础上,对我国提出的“由体育大国向体育强国迈进”的战略目标和如何实现“中国体育梦”提出了一些思考与看法。

  7. The Internal/External Frame of Reference Model of Self-Concept and Achievement Relations: Age-Cohort and Cross-Cultural Differences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marsh, Herbert W.; Abduljabbar, Adel Salah; Parker, Philip D.; Morin, Alexandre J. S.; Abdelfattah, Faisal; Nagengast, Benjamin; Möller, Jens; Abu-Hilal, Maher M.

    2015-01-01

    The internal/external frame of reference (I/E) model and dimensional comparison theory posit paradoxical relations between achievement (ACH) and self-concept (SC) in mathematics (M) and verbal (V) domains; ACH in each domain positively affects SC in the matching domain (e.g., MACH to MSC) but negatively in the nonmatching domain (e.g., MACH to…

  8. The Role of Arts-Related Information and Communication Technology Use in Problem Solving and Achievement: Findings from the Programme for International Student Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liem, Gregory Arief D.; Martin, Andrew J.; Anderson, Michael; Gibson, Robyn; Sudmalis, David

    2014-01-01

    Drawing on the Programme for International Student Assessment 2003 data set comprising over 190,000 15-year-old students in 25 countries, the current study sought to examine the role of arts-related information and communication technology (ICT) use in students' problem-solving skill and science and mathematics achievement. Structural equation…

  9. Analysis of Sport Management Literature: European Sport Management Quarterly

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brenda Pitts

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A profession must be built upon a sound body of knowledge in order for its professional status to be recognized and considered credible by society (Zeigler, 1987. The body of literature should also reflect and define the field (Fielding, Pitts, & Miller, 1991. To that end, examining the state of a body of literature is essential as the findings can reveal such significant information as content, trends, author collaboration, and topical gaps and disparities. The purpose of this study was to examine the European Sport Management Quarterly and its predecessor the European Journal for Sport Management. A content analysis of the journal from 1994 to 2012 was the methodology employed. Results determined that a vast majority of the papers are in four content areas – “Management and Organizational Skills in Sport”, “Sport Business in the Social Context”, “Sport Marketing”, and “Sport Economics”. Sport business industry segments as a focus of the papers stayed relatively the same over the years, although “International Sport” increased much more than any other industry segment. The gender focus of the articles was primarily male, and the authorship and editorial membership was also male-focused. The geographical dispersion of both authors and editorial review board members has broadened over time to be less European. Academics may find information from this study useful in developing strategies and lines of inquiry in research agendas. As well, editors of journals may utilize the findings to plan strategies related to addressing gaps or disparities.

  10. On the Multidimensionality of Sport Tourism: Challenges and Guidelines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abolfazl Dehnavi

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available One of the Industries in the world is tourism industry in which sport tourism has attracted much more attention. Sport and Tourism make the world a small place enhancing more understanding between tolerance and world peace, eventually . The issue of sport tourism has become one of the new research approaches in recent years . In addition, it may affect the all social strata economically and politically. Thus needless to say that much more attention should be directed to the industry through clear-cut policies, visions and constructive plans in this regard. To this end, In this paper, the authors investigate multidimensionality of sport tourism development, generally. The research applies archival materials to get the required information. To sum up, authorities are supposed to pay much more attention to public sports in local, national and international levels and participate actively in international conferences and creating sports tourism database. Also, they can seek the support of private sectors, create employment and attract investors in terms of constructing and equipping multi-hosted/purposes sport facilities as well as undertaking sporting events.. Most importantly, developing Sport Tourism so as to consolidate peace and friendship and sport globalization and strengthening and striving for national identity shall be considered as the ultimate goal of sport tourism development.

  11. MATHEMATICS AND COMPUTERS IN SPORT - OVERVIEW

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Hammond

    2006-12-01

    determining the winner in rain-affected international cricket matches, has been a regular attendee since 1996 and once again presented his latest views on fairer scoring systems in cricket. It was also great to see Professor John Norman from Sheffield University appear again, as he was at the first conference in 1992, and he presented his work on Naismith's rule as it applies to competitive mountain trekking.The MathSport community appreciated His Worship the Gold Coast Mayor and former world record holder over middle distances, Ron Clarke, for giving up some of his valuable time to officially open the conference. His opening remarks both inspired the audience and put the science of sport into a practical context through him relating his experiences in athletics. In addition, we were fortunate to have two prominent sports scientists as keynote speakers in Roger Bartlett (Professor of Sports Science at the University of Otago and Dr Stuart Morgan (Sports Scientist - Victorian Institute of Sport who delivered their keynote addresses "Artificial Intelligence in Sports Biomechanics: New dawn or false hope?" and "Synergy in Sport: directions, convergence and opportunity in high performance sport".The first 17 papers in this issue provide an array of topics that typified the broad range of presentations at the conference. These include papers covering research methodologies that span across mathematical modelling and real-time computer analysis of movement through to biomechanical and performance analysis. These analyses were applied to a variety of sports such as football, tennis, cricket and swimming through to lawn bowls and gymnastics.The editors are grateful for the assistance given by the reviewers of these papers, particularly Dr Keith Lyons (Australian Institute of Sport and Associate Professor Hugh Morton (Massey University, who were independent of the conference participants.

  12. Fixing a ‘failed’ State : Actors’ security perspectives and the challenges of achieving a coherent international policy towards Somalia

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Somalia is a war-torn country which has been perceived as a security problem threatening not only the security of its own population, but also regional and international security. This thesis studies five international actors and their engagement in Somalia. Their perspectives on security are explored and the coherence in their policies is discussed. The actors chosen for the study are the African Union (AU), the United Nations (UN), the United States, the European Union (EU) and the Intergov...

  13. What makes international new ventures grow and survive?: the interplay of social capital and dynamic capabilitiesin achieving evolutionary fitness

    OpenAIRE

    Dowejko, Marta Katarzyna.

    2012-01-01

     Setting up a new business that can successfully cater to international markets is a dream of many entrepreneurs. In the search for guidelines that would help potential entrepreneurs to grow and survive in global markets, research on international new ventures has been developing extensively in the last fifteen years. Social networks and unique knowledge resources spurring from them have been recognized as essential to the development of new ventures. However, our knowledge is still fai...

  14. Predicting elite Scottish athletes' attitudes towards doping: examining the contribution of achievement goals and motivational climate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Allen, Justine; Taylor, John; Dimeo, Paul; Dixon, Sarah; Robinson, Leigh

    2015-01-01

    Understanding athletes' attitudes to doping continues to be of interest for its potential to contribute to an international anti-doping system. However, little is known about the relationship between elite athletes' attitudes to drug use and potential explanatory factors, including achievement goals and the motivational climate. In addition, despite specific World Anti-Doping Agency Code relating to team sport athletes, little is known about whether sport type (team or individual) is a risk or protective factor in relation to doping. Elite athletes from Scotland (N = 177) completed a survey examining attitudes to performance-enhancing drug (PED) use, achievement goal orientations and perceived motivational climate. Athletes were generally against doping for performance enhancement. Hierarchical regression analysis revealed that task and ego goals and mastery motivational climate were predictors of attitudes to PED use (F (4, 171) = 15.81, P sport. PMID:25537139

  15. An Overview of the SPOrt Experiment

    CERN Document Server

    Orsini, M; Cortiglioni, S; Orsini, Michele; Carretti, Ettore; Cortiglioni, Stefano

    2000-01-01

    The Sky Polarization Observatory is an experiment selected by ESA for the Early Opportunity Phase onboard the International Space Station. SPOrt is the first payload specifically designed for polarization measurements, it will provide near full sky maps of the sky polarized emission at four microwave frequencies between 22 and 90 GHz. Current design of SPOrt will be presented, together with an overview of the scientific goals of the experiment.

  16. Physical Education and faces of sports

    OpenAIRE

    Marcelo da Silva Villas Bôas; Francisco Cock Fontanella; Vanildo Rodrigues Pereira

    2008-01-01

    The aim of the present review study was to analyze sports pros and cons, based on topics from national and international literature on Physical Education. It was possible to identify and discuss the opposite trends and verify the presence of ideological motivations which demonstrate the radicalization of both faces: the pros and the cons. Some moderate findings lead to the belief that it is possible to use sports both in school and out of school since childhood to promote benefits to personal...

  17. The emergence of global administrative systems: the case of sport.

    OpenAIRE

    L. Casini

    2015-01-01

    The “global” dimension of sport is, in the first instance, regulatory, and it embraces the whole complex of norms produced and implemented by regulatory sporting regimes at the international and domestic levels. These rules include not only private norms set by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) and by International Federations (IFs) but also “hybrid” public-private norms approved by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA) and international law (such as the UNESCO Convention Against Doping...

  18. The Internal Evolutionary Logics of Modern Thoughts on Chinese Sports%中国近代体育思想演进的内在逻辑

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2013-01-01

      中国近代体育思想史,作为中国近代思想史的一个组成部分,其传承、演进及其嬗变的历史进程,基本符合中国近代思想史的发展轨迹。即思想主体基于传统与现代、中国与西方的碰撞,在如何实现国家独立与富强,实现体育近代化的层面上对体育问题的思考;中国近代体育思想主体出场的顺序,是由思想家、军事家、政治家首先对体育问题阐发其思想及见解,而后才由教育家和体育家介入对体育问题的研究及思考;正是由于中国近代特定的历史背景,体育思想主体不同的社会身份、以及特殊的出场次序,决定了中国近代体育思想内容的传承、演进是由对体育的功能与作用的认识起步,逐渐深入到体育的本质等核心层面问题的思考与研究。从上述三重维度审视中国近代体育思想的传承、演进及其嬗变的历史进程,可以清晰地界定出,中国近代体育思想在近代100多年里,经历了胚胎、萌芽、初步形成、基本成熟、深入发展的历史时期。%China’s modern sports history, as a part of modern Chinese intellectual history, its inheritance, develop-ment and its evolution history, is basically in line with the development of modern Chinese intellectual history. The thoughts on sports issues were based on the collision of tradition and modern, Chinese and western, on how to realize the national independence, prosperity, and the sports modernization. The sequence is like the following. First of all, questions were elucidated by thinkers, strategists, and politicians, and then educators and PE directors became involved in the study of physical problems and thinking. The historical background of modern China, the sports thinkers’ different social status, and the special sequence influenced the contents of inheritance and evolution of China’s modern sports thought. Based on the above three dimensions

  19. An International Comparison Study of Pharmacy Students’ Achievement Goals and their Relationship to Assessment Type and Scores

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Claire; Coulman, Sion A.; John, Dai N.; Tordoff, June; Sainsbury, Erica; Rose, Grenville; Smith, Lorraine

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To identify pharmacy students’ preferred achievement goals in a multi-national undergraduate population, to investigate achievement goal preferences across comparable degree programs, and to identify relationships between achievement goals, academic performance, and assessment type. Methods: The Achievement Goal Questionnaire was administered to second year students in 4 universities in Australia, New Zealand, England, and Wales. Academic performance was measured using total scores, multiple-choice questions, and written answers (short essay). Results: Four hundred eighty-six second year students participated. Students showed an overall preference for the mastery-approach goal orientation across all sites. The predicted relationships between goal orientation and multiple-choice questions, and written answers scores, were significant. Conclusion: This study is the first of its kind to examine pharmacy students’ achievement goals at a multi-national level and to differentiate between assessment type and measures of achievement motivation. Students adopting a mastery-approach goal are more likely to gain high scores in assessments that measure understanding and depth of knowledge. PMID:25995510

  20. Sports magazines in the system of scholarly communication

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svistel'nik I.R.

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the sports scientific journals that form the system of documentary research information. We describe the formation, development and progress of scientific publications and their typological features of forming and problem-oriented content. Outlined sufficiency specialized sports magazines. Analysis of scientific publications in Ukraine, Russia, Belarus, presented their names and entry into the national and international abstracting. Posted sports for scientific publications USA, UK, China, Poland and many other countries that carry information for sports, sports training, medical and biological problems of physical education. It is shown that most of the study sports science publications printed in the United States, slightly less than in the UK, Poland and Germany. Determined that scientific journals help speed the spread of sports information, disseminate the results of modern research.

  1. What Are Sports Injuries?

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... 06:02 Size: 11.7 MB November 2014 What Are Sports Injuries? Fast Facts: An Easy-to- ... Research Is Being Done on Treating Sports Injuries? What’s the Difference Between an Acute and a Chronic ...

  2. Eating for Sports

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... either. Bring a snack, especially for long practices, competitions, or all-day events. Half a sandwich, fresh ... t Like Sports? Taking the Pressure Off Sports Competition Figuring Out Food Labels Five Ways to Avoid ...

  3. Sports and Exercise Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... testicles): Guys who play hockey, football, basketball, baseball, soccer, and other contact sports should use a cup. For noncontact sports that involve running, guys should wear an athletic supporter. If you' ...

  4. Sports Stars Shine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yu Yan

    2012-01-01

    Alive and exciting award ceremony drew the attention of numerous Chinese households on the night of January 15.The most popular Chinese sports stars attended the 2011 CCTV Sports Personality Award Ceremony at the National Indoor Stadium in Beijing.

  5. Child Protection Program Implementations in Sport Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özgün PARASIZ

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The protection and provision of the welfare of children who are in a vulnerable condition to all kinds of risk in the modern world in every field they actively take part in is acknowledged as one of the most important social responsibilites of states in this day and age. In the fight against this problem, especially developed countries promote chi ld protection policies and implement them in every sport field children take active part in. The aim of this study is to examine in which dimensions child protection system, defined as the provision of the child’s safety in all aspects including physical, social, emotional, economic, cultural, ethnic, moral, religious and political on a legal basis and in practice, is implemented within the sport systems of England and to identify the policies of sports organizations. In the study, scanning method based o n the literature was used. Research data was obtained by examining the related sources on the subject in various international libraries, journals, books and sports organizations. According to the information obtained in the study, child protection progra ms were identified to be a legal obligation for independent sports organizations responsible for the management of the sport (such as Federations, Olympic committees, sport clubs. The fundamental purpose of child protection programs is to diminish the ris k of all kinds of (sexual, physical and emotional child abuse. Sports organization establish child protection systems within their governing structure and work in coordination with the related units of clubs, federations and central administrations. Moreo ver, by providing special trainings to administrators and coaches, the stipulation of obtaining a special document for coaches who shall work with sportsmen under the age of 18 has been laid down. Special regulations and educational programs for sport fede rations have been prepared intended for the functioning of child protection system in

  6. International co-operation on decommissioning - Achievements of the NEA Co-operative programme 1985-1990

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Decommissioning of nuclear facilities is attracting a growing interest in all countries where an increasing number of plants are reaching the end of their operational life and will have to be decommissioned in the next few years. In response to this interest, the NEA set up in 1985 an international programme of technical co-operation between decommissioning projects in eight OECD countries. This report describes the programme and the participating projects, reviews the experiences accumulated during the first five-year term of this international undertaking, and discusses what remains to be done

  7. Drugs in sport

    OpenAIRE

    Mottram, David R

    2012-01-01

    This new edition includes fresh information regarding drugs use and abuse in sport and the updated worldwide anti-doping laws, and changes to the prohibited and therapeutic use exemption lists. The objectives of the book are to review/discuss the latest information on drugs in sport by considering i) actions of drugs and hormones, ii) medication and nutritional supplements in sport, iii) the latest doping control regulations of the WADA, iv) the use of banned therapeutic drugs in sport, v) an...

  8. Relationship between sport commitment and sport consumer behavior

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norberta Elisa Fernandes

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to examine the relationships between sport commitment and three types of sport consumer behaviors: participation frequency, sporting goods and media consumption. A survey was conducted among sport participants of both individual and team sports, fitness and outdoor activities (n= 900. The survey included questions related to demographic information, measures of sport commitment and sport consumption behavior. The results analyzed trough structural equation modeling showed that the sport commitment influences positively the participation frequency, sporting goods consumption and media consumption. Implications of these results are discussed and suggestions for future research on sport consumers are provided.

  9. Educational Change and International Trade in Teacher Development: Achieving Local Goals within/despite a Transnational Context

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greenwood, Janinka; Alam, Safayet; Kabir, Ariful Haq

    2014-01-01

    The study in one country to support the development of education in another is a regular event in the field of contemporary tertiary education, and it is likely to grow as developing countries accelerate their educational development projects and as Western universities seek international student funding. This article reports the case study of a…

  10. Achieving benefit for patients in primary care informatics: the report of a international consensus workshop at Medinfo 2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simon de Lusignan

    2008-01-01

    Conclusions We should make more efforts to share learning; develop clear internationally acceptable definitions; highlight gaps between pockets of excellence and real-world practice, and most importantly suggest how they might be bridged. Knowledge synthesis from different health systems may provide a greater understanding of how the third actor (the computer is best used in primary care.

  11. Violence in Sports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Donald L.

    Increasing violence in sports is deplored, and a warning is issued on an apparent trend toward antisocial behavior. Contact sports such as hockey and football are cited as typically engendering aggression among athletes, but spectator sports (boxing, car racing, basketball, and baseball) are also singled out as eliciting increasing violence on the…

  12. [Violence in Sports].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Degelman, Charles, Ed.; Hayes, Bill, Ed.

    1994-01-01

    This teaching resource presents articles that draw on young people's natural interest in sports to stimulate their involvement in law-related education. An article on violence in sports explores the causes of this violence--the physical contact inherent in many sports, the desire to win at all costs, the urging of coaches, and the negligence of…

  13. Report on Sport 2014

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Annet Tiessen-Raaphorst

    2015-01-01

    More than half the Dutch population participated in sport on a weekly basis in 2014. Fitness training and running are the most popular sports among adults. Government interventions at the level of neighbourhoods, primary schools, secondary schools and sports clubs are intended to persuade more peopl

  14. Cold-Weather Sports

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... How Can I Help a Friend Who Cuts? Cold-Weather Sports KidsHealth > For Teens > Cold-Weather Sports Print A A A Text Size ... the easiest sports around, snowshoeing can be excellent cold-weather cross-training for runners and cyclists — or ...

  15. Changing spaces for sports

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kural, René

    2010-01-01

    The author argues that the fundamental values associated with sports seem to have changed. Accordingly spaces for sports are also undergoing change.The essay gives a number of examples of these new sports spaces. Their common denominator lies in their urban proximity, the combination of previously...

  16. 我国体育用品专业市场实证研究--以中国义乌国际商贸城体育用品专业市场为例%On the Specialized Markets of Sports Goods in China:A Case of the Specialized Market of Sports Goods in Yiwu International Trade City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    费赟; 杨明

    2014-01-01

    运用文献资料法、访谈法、问卷调查法、数理统计法对中国义乌国际商贸城体育用品专业市场现状进行研究。结果表明该市场目前处于内向国际化经营阶段,市场外向度达63%以上,主要集中于中东、非洲、东南亚、欧美、韩国、日本等市场,是国内特别是浙江体育用品制造产业集群出口的国际贸易平台。该市场中的商品具有价格优惠、品种多样以及更新迅速等优势,同时也存在恶性价格竞争、硬性成本上涨过快、人才缺乏且经营者素质较低等问题。%Through the methods of literatures consultation ,questionnaire ,interview and statistic analysis ,this paper analyzed the specialized market of sports goods in Yiwu International Trade City .The results show that the market is in a stage of inward internationalization .And the market extroversion is more than 63% .The goods mainly sale to the Middle East ,Africa ,Southeast Asia ,Europe and the United States ,South Korea ,Japan and other markets .The market is the international trade platform of sports goods manufacturing industry clusters export in China ,especially in Zhejiang .The goods from the market are cheaper ,various and update rapidly .At the same time ,there is vicious price competition ,the rapidly growing cost ,a lack of specialists and low professionalism of proprietors in this market .

  17. Problem Solving and Immigrant Student Mathematics and Science Achievement: Multination Findings from the Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Andrew J.; Liem, Gregory A. D.; Mok, Magdalena M. C.; Xu, Jacob

    2012-01-01

    The present study investigates problem-solving skill alongside more widely recognized settlement and sociodemographic factors in first-generation (1G) and second-generation (2G) immigrant students' science and mathematics achievement. A total of 113,767 students (ages 15-16 years) from 17 countries were drawn from the 2003 Programme for…

  18. Children with Asthma and Sports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selda Yuzer

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Asthma is one of the chronic diseases which have are widely seen among the children. The disease has recently been in the increase all over the world and affects many children. In a study conducted with International Study of Asthma and Allergies in Childhood (ISAAC method, it was found out that prevalence of childhood asthma was 17.1%. Participation in sportive activities by the children with asthma, which is today considered as a part of asthma treatment program, makes contributions to their physical, mental and psychological development and increases their quality of life. The most recommended sports for the children with asthma are swimming and water sports. Sports like tennis and volleyball are too advised. Choice of sports depends on severity of asthma, child and #8217;s choice and whether or not asthma is kept under control. Nursing approaches for the children with asthma include correction of symptoms, training of children and their families, assistance with disease adaptation, continuing asthma care at home and interventions to make children lead healthy activities of daily life of children. With protective measures to be taken by families and children; children should be encourage for sportive activities. [TAF Prev Med Bull 2014; 13(3.000: 241-244

  19. Media Framing of Sports Competitions. Going Beyond the War and the Show Frames of Sports Events

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Luiza DUMITRIU

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available As an interdisciplinary field, sports activate and re-contextualize a wide repertoire of symbolic elements, among which war nand show ethos seem to be the most prominent. The aim of this study is to go beyond the "war" and the "show" frames duality and to discuss the emergenceof a new hybrid construct: the sports war-show. Based on a discourse analysis of textual and visual units – images and their corollary captions, the study outlines the way in which media frame an international sports event, i.e. the 2011 Women's Handball WorldChampionship. While the evaluative potential of the textual component proves to be underused in media's coverage of sports competitions, the visual component is defined by a clear tendency to dramatizationand personalization, using the war and show elements in order to stress out the affective loading and the competitive tension of sports events as global war shows.

  20. Radial artery for coronary artery bypass grafting: does proximal anastomosis to the aorta or left internal mammary artery achieve better patency?

    OpenAIRE

    Watson, Robert A.; Hamza, Mustafa; Tsakok, Teresa M.; Tsakok, Maria T.

    2013-01-01

    A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was ‘in coronary artery bypass grafting using radial artery grafts, does proximal anastomosis to the aorta or left internal mammary artery achieve better patency’. Altogether >183 papers were found using the reported search, of which 9 represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The authors, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study ty...

  1. The IOC Centres of Excellence bring prevention to Sports Medicine

    OpenAIRE

    Engebretsen, Lars; Bahr, Roald; Cook, Jill L.; Derman, Wayne; Emery, Carolyn A.; Finch, Caroline; Meeuwisse, Willem H.; Schwellnus, Martin; Steffen, Kathrin

    2014-01-01

    The protection of an athlete’s health and preventing injuries and illnesses in sport are top priorities for the IOC and its Medical Commission. The IOC therefore partners with selected research centres around the world and supports research in the field of sports medicine. This has enabled the IOC to develop an international network of expert scientists and clinicians in sports injury and disease prevention research. The IOC wants to promote injury and disease prevention and the improvement o...

  2. Seeking discursive spaces for peace in media-sport narratives

    OpenAIRE

    Rivenburgh, Nancy K.

    2009-01-01

    Peace scholars have emphasized the importance of locating peace education outside of formal education or mainstream political rhetoric and into our daily interactions with media, religion, art, music, or sport. This essay argues that the context of international media-sport, despite its emphasis on confrontation and national competition, may offer what Bruck (1989; 1993) calls ‘discursive opportunities’ or ‘spaces’ for peace. After reviewing the relationships among sport, media, and peace, th...

  3. China Sport Show: More Professional and on a Larger Scale

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ The 26th China Sport Show will be held in New China International Exhibition Center, Beijing, from May 20 to 23, 2010. As a fast-growing sport show, it has been playing an important role in promoting the development of Chinese brands and the cooperation of the enterprises. This year, the sport show is welcoming over 1000 exhibitors and 50,000 trade visitors from over 60 countries and regions.

  4. Sport and the Media in the UK: the Long Revolution?

    OpenAIRE

    Boyle, R.

    2010-01-01

    Using the work of Raymond Williams about the interplay between communications and culture as its starting point, this article reflects on the relationship between sport, the media and its stakeholders in contemporary society. It examines how the media have increasingly become the financial underwriter of global elite sport and investigates the impact that sports content continues to play across the broadcast, print and online media industries, both at a national and international level. It ...

  5. Fun Learning Management for Physical Education, Sport and Health

    OpenAIRE

    Ramdan Pelana

    2014-01-01

    Physical education is essentially an integral part of a hollistic education system aims to develop aspects of health, physical fitness, critical thinking skills, emotional stability, social skills, reasoning and moral action through physical activity and sport. In the Physical Education learning process, teachers are expected to teach a variety of basic sports movement skills, techniques and strategies of games and sports, internalization of values (sportsmanship, honesty, cooperation, etc.) ...

  6. Internationalisation of the Sport Management Curriculum : academic and student reflections

    OpenAIRE

    Haan, de, R.J.; Sherry, Emma

    2012-01-01

    Internationalisation of the sport industry has resulted in a demand for integration of international perspectives into the sport management higher education curriculum, to produce graduates capable of working within this rapidly developing global industry. Internationalisation of the curriculum can occur both abroad (i.e., study tour) or at home (i.e., within institution). A collaborative internationalisation at home (IaH) sport management curriculum research project was undertaken between th...

  7. Bioethics, sport and the genetically enhanced athlete.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miah, Andy

    2002-01-01

    This paper begins by acknowledging the interest taken by various international organisations in genetic enhancement and sport, including the US President's Council on Bioethics (July, 2002) and the World Anti-Doping Agency (March, 2002). It is noticed how sporting organisations have been particularly concerned to emphasize the 'threat' of genetics to sport, whereas other institutions have recognised the broader bioethical issues arising from this prospect, which do not readily reject the use of genetic technology in sport. Sports are identified as necessarily 'human' and 'moral' practices, the exploration of which can reveal greater insight into the intuitive fears about genetic modification. It is argued that anti-doping testing measures and sanctions unacceptably persecute the athlete. While there are substantial reasons to be concerned about the use of genetic modification in sport, the desire for policy ought not diminish the need for ethical research; nor ought such research embody the similar guise of traditional 'anti' doping strategies. Rather, the approach to genetics in sport must be informed more by broader social policies in bioethics and recognition of the greater goods arising from genetic technology. PMID:16285154

  8. Marketing of sport tourism

    OpenAIRE

    A.S. Teletov; V.I. Karpets

    2015-01-01

    The aim of the article. The aim of the article is to clarify the concept of «sport tourism marketing», to examine the state of its objects and to determine prospects for development of sport tourism in Ukraine. The paper singles out the role of sport in life; compares different types of cities in terms of provision the infrastructure for tourism development in the field of sports. Authors show the example of the campaign. The results of the analysis. The article deals with sport tourism as...

  9. Sport injuries in adolescents

    OpenAIRE

    Susanne Habelt; Carol Claudius Hasler; Klaus Steinbrück; Martin Majewski

    2011-01-01

    In spite of the wide range of injuries in adolescents during sports activities, there are only a few studies investigating the type and frequency of sport injuries in puberty. However, this information may help to prevent, diagnose and treat sports injuries among teens. 4468 injuries in adolescent patients were treated over a ten year period of time: 66,97% were boys and 32.88% girls. The most frequent sports injuries were football (31.13%) followed by handball (8.89%) and sports during scho...

  10. [Social rehabilitation through sports].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strohkendl, H

    1995-11-01

    The contribution community disabled sports is making towards comprehensive rehabilitation of people with disabilities is interpreted much too narrowly by the statutory definition of rehabilitation sports. In the member clubs of Deutscher Behinderten-Sportverband, the German disabled sports association, severely disabled individuals rediscover their potential and self-worth, which may entail self-determination, solidarity with others, and genuine social integration. Renewed awareness of the traditional values of German disabled sports as a self-help movement of those concerned, and characterization of rehabilitation as a complex learning process towards regaining personal autonomy--both call for a thorough reconsideration of ambulatory disabled sports in organizational and funding respects. PMID:8570904

  11. International note: exploring differences in native and immigrant adolescents' mathematics achievement and dispositions towards mathematics in Qatar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Areepattamannil, Shaljan; Melkonian, Michael; Khine, Myint Swe

    2015-04-01

    The burgeoning immigrant population in major immigrant-receiving countries in North America and Europe has necessitated researchers and policymakers in these countries to examine the academic success of children of immigration and the factors contributing to their academic success. However, there is sparse research on the academic trajectories of children of immigration in other continents, such as Asia. Hence, the purpose of the present study was to examine first- and second-generation immigrant adolescents' mathematics achievement and dispositions towards mathematics in comparison to their native peers in one of the Middle Eastern countries in Asia, Qatar. The results of the study indicated that both first- and second-generation immigrant adolescents tended to have higher mathematics achievement, intrinsic motivation to learn mathematics, instrumental motivation to learn mathematics, mathematics self-efficacy, and mathematics self-concept than did their native counterparts. Moreover, immigrant adolescents tended to have lower mathematics anxiety than did their native peers. The study also revealed significant differences between first- and second-generation immigrant adolescents with respect to their mathematics achievement and dispositions towards mathematics. PMID:25600511

  12. 17 January 2014 - Y. Sakurada Japanese Senior Vice Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology signing the Guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer and visiting the LHC tunnel at Point 1 with Technology Department Head J.M. Jiménez. Head of International Relations R. Voss present throughout.

    CERN Multimedia

    Pantelia, Anna

    2014-01-01

    17 January 2014 - Y. Sakurada Japanese Senior Vice Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology signing the Guest book with CERN Director-General R. Heuer and visiting the LHC tunnel at Point 1 with Technology Department Head J.M. Jiménez. Head of International Relations R. Voss present throughout.

  13. Sports: As an Appliance of Incorporation toward Malaysian Society

    OpenAIRE

    Abdul H.H. Omar; Dayang H.T.A.H. Hamid; Md. R. Islam

    2010-01-01

    Problem statement: This research investigated the elements of sport that led to social integration in Malaysian society and identified the steps taken to achieve social integration through sports. As a multi racial country, Malaysia consisting of three major races, the Malays, Chinese and Indians were seen practicing the sport cultures that were inherited by their forefathers. History shows that colonization by the western powers i.e., the Portuguese, Dutch and the British were claimed to hav...

  14. Research on Priority Development Mode of Sports Economy in China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jie Gao

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The sports industry aiming at entertainment and athletics has achieved the global annual output value of over USD 450 billion, and is developing rapidly at the annual growth rate of 20%. Seen from industrial economics, the sports industry should break away from traditional development mode, integrate such industries related to entertainment economy as game, lottery, music, sports, tourism, media, film & TV play so as to attain prosperous development.

  15. THE SPORT MARKETING MANAGEMENT MODEL

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandru Lucian MIHAI

    2015-01-01

    Sport marketing involves marketing fundamentals applied in one industry, the sport business industry. The development of sport marketing fundamentals is therefore based on basic marketing principles. The practice and activities of sport marketing are also based on basic marketing activities, but are modified and adapted to the sport business industry. Therefore, sport marketing is based on its primary and parent discipline - marketing. Sport marketing is one of the most important functions of...

  16. THE SPORT MARKETING MANAGEMENT MODEL

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandru Lucian MIHAI

    2015-01-01

    Sport marketing involves marketing fundamentals applied in one industry, the sport business industry. The development of sport marketing fundamentals is therefore based on basic marketing principles. The practice and activities of sport marketing are also based on basic marketing activities, but are modified and adapted to the sport business industry. Therefore, sport marketing is based on its primary and parent discipline - marketing. Sport marketing is one of the most important function...

  17. INTERNAL DIMENSION OF THE REPUBLIC OF MOLDOVA AND GEORGIA’S EUROPEAN INTEGRATION PROCESS: ACHIEVEMENTS AND DIFFICULTIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina MORARI

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Republic of Moldova and Georgia have signed the Association Agreement with European Union and are firmly directed to obtain the prospect of EU membership. This article seeks to realize an analysis of internal dimension of European integration process of these two countries and namely focuses on the study of key priorities, tasks, problems and difficulties that Moldova and Georgia meet in order to reach the domestic readiness for realization of their European aspirations. The research was supported by FP7 Marie Curie IRSES programme.DIMENSIUNEA INTERNĂ A PROCESULUI DE INTEGRARE EUROPEANĂ A REPUBLICII MOLDOVA ŞI GEORGIEI: REALIZĂRI ŞI DIFICULTĂŢIRepublica Moldova şi Georgia au semnat Acordul de Asociere cu Uniunea Europeană şi acum sunt orientate spre a obţine perspective de a deveni state membre ale comunităţii europene. În articolul de faţă se analizează dimensiunea internă a procesului de integrare europeană a acestor două state şi atenţia se focusează, în special, pe cercetarea priorită-ţilor-cheie, a sarcinilor pe care le au şi a problemelor şi dificultăţilor cu care se confruntă Moldova şi Georgia în vederea pregătirii lor interne pentru realizarea aspiraţiilor europene. Cercetarea a fost realizată în cadrul Programului FP7 Marie Curie IRSES.

  18. Compressive Review of Organizational Effectiveness in Sport

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    EYDI HOSSEIN

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Organizational effectiveness continues to be a popular topic in management settings, seminars, and research projects. Similar levels of attention prevail in area of sport management. This construct has been contested by theorists and researchers for many years. As the study of organizational effectiveness in profit organizations is complex and confused, studying the construct in nonprofit organizations like sporting organizations maybe even more troublesome due to their distinctive nature. This article draws from the general literature on organizational effectiveness and the specialized. Literature on organizational effectiveness in sport and nonprofit organizations (NPOs. Five major approaches to measuring organizational effectiveness, i.e., Goal attainment, systems of resources, internal procedure, multiple constituency and competing values framework have been reported in the literature. Review of literature showed that two approach of multiple constituency and competing values framework as a multi dimensionality had a most usage in sport environment.

  19. Stakeholder’s expectations and objectives of the sport club in the context of marketing activities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Kowalski

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the article is to identify the ways to achieve different sport organization goals through marketing activities. Commercialization of sport makes sport organization to seek the way to meet the needs of its stakeholders – main sponsors, supporters and local government, while providing opportunities for athletes and achieving success. The author pays attention to the issues of diversity goals and policies on the example of sport organizations aimed to achieve these goals. The basis for the analysis were sport organizations of Poland.

  20. Comparison of eSports and Traditional Sports Consumption Motives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Donghun; Schoenstedt, Linda J.

    2011-01-01

    With recognition of the need for studying eSports in this interactive digital communication era, this study explored 14 motivational factors affecting the time spent on eSports gaming. Using a sample of 515 college students and athletic event attendees, we further compared eSports game patterns to their non-eSport or traditional sport involvements…

  1. Relationship between structure and internal control effectiveness in sports brand companies%运动品牌公司结构与内部控制有效性的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宁宏茹; 张名璇

    2016-01-01

    以我国6家上市运动品牌公司为样本,选取股权集中度、董事会规模、独立董事会比例和两职兼任为变量,统计分析了该行业上市公司治理结构与内部控制有效性的相关性.研究结果发现,股权集中度与内部控制有效性呈负相关;董事会人数越多,内部控制越缺乏有效性;独立董事比例与内部有效性之间显著正相关;两职合一不利于董事会履行监督职能,不相容职务未分离容易造成舞弊影响内部控制有效性.最后结合行业特征和实证分析结果,提出了保持股权结构的适当集中、优化董事会规模和组成、完善管理层治理等建议.%The six samples of sports brand listed companies were chosen and variables were selected such as ownership concentration ratio, size of board of director, independent director ratio, and unity of president and general manager.The relationship between governance structure and internal control effectiveness of the sports brand listed companies were analyzed.The results show that corporate governance structure is negatively related to effectiveness of internal control, the more members of board of director have, the less effectiveness of internal control is.Independent director ratio is positive related to effectiveness of internal control, unity of president and general manager is not advantageous to supervision duty of board of director, and no separation of incompatible duties can result in corrupt and fraud easily.Finally, suggestions are given according to industry characteristics and analysis results, such as keeping appropriate corporate governance structure, optimizing size and instruction of board of director, improving management governance.

  2. Internationalisation of the Sport Management Curriculum: Academic and Student Reflections

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Haan, Donna; Sherry, Emma

    2012-01-01

    Internationalisation of the sport industry has resulted in a demand for integration of international perspectives into the sport management higher education curriculum, to produce graduates capable of working within this rapidly developing global industry. Internationalisation of the curriculum can occur both abroad (i.e., study tour) or at home…

  3. Health Promotion Guidance Activity of Youth Sports Clubs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kokko, Sami; Kannas, Lasse; Villberg, Jari; Ormshaw, Michael

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: This paper aims to clarify the extent to which youth sports clubs guide their coaches to recognise health promotion as a part of the coaching practice. The guidance activity of clubs is seen parallel to internal organisational communication. Design/methodology/approach: A survey of 93 (from 120, 78 per cent) youth sports clubs in Finland…

  4. Epilepsy and sports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Linschoten, R; Backx, F J; Mulder, O G; Meinardi, H

    1990-07-01

    Millions of healthy people participate in sport on a regular basis. Moreover, in the last decade patients with chronic disorders have been encouraged to take part in sporting activities as a part of their rehabilitation. Can epileptic patients freely participate in sport or whether they are restricted to a certain extent by their disorder? An important factor is freedom from seizures. If seizures have been controlled for over 2 years the risk of relapse is the same as the risk of a first seizure. The risk of patients drowning or falling, or their epilepsy worsening because they are engaged in sport is thought to be low. Clinical data suggest that the incidence of seizures during sports and exercise is reduced. In the cooling down period, however, seizures tend to occur more frequently. Physicians should encourage epileptic patients to participate in sporting activities to enhance their physical fitness, self-esteem, and social integration. Before giving advice about the most suitable type of sport, the physician should known the patient's medical history, have a good insight into the different types of sport and be able to judge the role and function of sport to the particular patient. With certain precautions virtually all sports are suitable for most epileptic patients and should therefore be encouraged. However, a small minority of hospitalised patients with severe epilepsy need the supervision of qualified trainers, coaches and volunteers. PMID:2197701

  5. Sports Culture and Sports in Turkey

    OpenAIRE

    KAPLAN, Yılmaz; Cihan AKKAYA

    2014-01-01

    Sports culture indicates all kinds of morals, products, and behavior. This study aims to argue sports as a cultural element and its appearence in Turkey. This is a descriptive study based on theoretical argument. It is periodic since it is limited to a given term and it is also relied upon literature review. People's adaptations to living conditions are related to culture. We can specify this, “all the patt erns of living and behavior which are spe...

  6. Brief Report: Engagement in Sport and Identity Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    Busseri, Michael A.; Costain, Kelly A.; Campbell, Kelly M.; Rose-Krasnor, Linda; Evans, Jennifer

    2011-01-01

    Drawing on identity development theory, the connection between engagement in sport and identity status was examined. First-year undergraduates (n = 116 sport-involved youth; 67% women; mean age = 18.58 yrs) completed measures of interpersonal and ideological identity status (achievement, moratorium, diffusion, foreclosure), along with behavioral…

  7. Sex, Drugs, and Kinesiology: A Useful Partnership for Sport's Most Pressing Issues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gleaves, John; Llewellyn, Matthew; Wrynn, Alison

    2015-01-01

    From the gender controversy of South African runner Caster Semenya to the doping practices of disgraced American cyclist Lance Armstrong, recent sporting issues highlight kinesiology's important role and responsibility to sport. Increasingly, sport organizations, such as the International Olympic Committee, the World Anti-Doping Agency, and…

  8. Emerging School Sport Development Policy, Practice and Governance in England: Big Society, Autonomy and Decentralisation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mackintosh, Chris; Liddle, Joyce

    2015-01-01

    International interest in developing mass sports participation through systems of school and community sports development has become a growing field of public leisure policy interest. This research paper considers the policy change from School Sport Partnerships to the new 2012 School Games model of networked partnerships to establish…

  9. School-Age Involvement in Sport and Perceived Quality of Sport Services

    OpenAIRE

    Alberto NUVIALA NUVIALA; Pérez Turpin, José Antonio; Tamayo Fajardo, Javier Antonio; Fernández Martínez, Antonio (1860-1912)

    2011-01-01

    Creating an active and healthy lifestyle starts in infancy and adolescence. A number of individual and collective factors affect whether or not sport is taken up and continued, which is an essential element in achieving a healthy lifestyle in adolescence and extending this into adult life. This study sets out to determine the perceived quality of the sport service provided by schools with organised physical activities, and whether the most positively assessed public organisations have a highe...

  10. A Study of Women’s Attitude towards Sport Participation and its Effective Socio-Psychological Factors

    OpenAIRE

    Siroos Ahmadi; Saeed Kargar

    2014-01-01

    Introduction Today, sport is considered as a basic need in all over the world. Participation in sport activities professionally, until recently was a male activity and women had no significant contribution in sport activities. After World War II, however, women's disposition to sport activities changed, because of factors such as improvements in leisure time, living standards, attention to health and fitness, mass media effects, paying more attention to sport achievements, and change in tr...

  11. Ethics in sports medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunn, Warren R; George, Michael S; Churchill, Larry; Spindler, Kurt P

    2007-05-01

    Physicians have struggled with the medical ramifications of athletic competition since ancient Greece, where rational medicine and organized athletics originated. Historically, the relationship between sport and medicine was adversarial because of conflicts between health and sport. However, modern sports medicine has emerged with the goal of improving performance and preventing injury, and the concept of the "team physician" has become an integral part of athletic culture. With this distinction come unique ethical challenges because the customary ethical norms for most forms of clinical practice, such as confidentiality and patient autonomy, cannot be translated easily into sports medicine. The particular areas of medical ethics that present unique challenges in sports medicine are informed consent, third parties, advertising, confidentiality, drug use, and innovative technology. Unfortunately, there is no widely accepted code of sports medicine ethics that adequately addresses these issues. PMID:17218662

  12. Refleksiv Sports Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adamsen, Billy

    2013-01-01

    Sports management and its development is closely linked to the development of modern society and modern rationality. This article applies sociological theories and practical management philosophy to shed light on how sports management and its rationality in Denmark (Europe) and the United States...... have changed and undergone different phases for more than a century, and to show that, in late modernity, they are entering a new phase in which they seem to be more reflexive and communicative. This trend is evident in American sports management and will also soon be reflected in Danish sports...... management. My analysis of this development will also be based on a specific case study from the American world of sports, namely the story of Oakland Athletics baseball club’s reorganisation in the 1990s, because it both provides a rare insight into a modern sports organisation and demonstrates the...

  13. Strategic prospects of non-Olympic sports in Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yaroslav Leonov

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to identify strategic prospects for the development of non-Olympic sports in Ukraine. Materials and Methods: the analysis of literary sources and documents, systems analysis, organizational analysis, marketing tools, SWOT – analysis, organizational modeling, methods of mathematical statistics. 57 representatives of the regional federations of non-Olympic sports participated in the survey. Results: the model of sustainable development of non-Olympic sports is proposed. Objective necessity of the implementation of the results obtained in the practice to the state, branch and regional management in the sphere of physical culture and sports is proven. Conclusions: the livelihoods and development of non-Olympic sport involves the development and application of organizational projects, management of technology, "integrators" of local resources, the study of internal resource of sport movement, the development program funding.

  14. Internal and External Policy and Legal Challenges in the EU in Achieving a Sustainable, Competitive and Secure Internal Energy Market and the Integration of Electricity from Renewable Energy Sources into the Energy system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van Hende, Katelijn

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This article assesses the internal and external legal and policy challenges that the EU faces in creating a sustainable, competitive and secure internal energy market. It also examines the EU’s concrete efforts to integrate electricity from renewable energy sources into the energy system. The internal policy objectives of sustainable development, competitiveness and security of supply are interrelated. In order to take concrete action in the energy policy area, it is important that these objectives are consistently applied. This article also analyses the interrelationship between these three policy objectives, as well as their relationship to the objective of integrating electricity from renewable energy sources. Although there are ambiguities in the relationship between the achievement of an internal energy market based on the three internal policy objectives and the integration of electricity from renewable energy sources into the energy system, there is also a clear positive connection with the integration of electricity from renewable energy sources into the energy system. This is, for instance, displayed by: the potential to reduce the dependence on energy imports from primary conventional energy sources; a potential diversification of the energy mix; and new market entrants. The integration of electricity from renewable energy sources into the energy system has a potential role to play as a long‐term policy remedy in the EU’s external energy relations and should receive greater focus in the interface between the internal and the external policy challenges that the EU faces today in establishing a sustainable, competitive and secure internal energy market, since the latter is intended to be consistently applied both internally and externally.

  15. MINDFULNESS AND SPORT PERFORMANCE

    OpenAIRE

    Israel Mañas; Jesús del Águila; Clemente Franco; Mª Dolores Gil; Consolación Gil

    2014-01-01

    Mindfulness in sports is a recent field. While sport psychology relied mainly on “second wave” cognitive-behavioural interventions for the last four decades, a new approach has recently been developed in sport psychology including mindfulness: a “third wave” approach. This new approach assumes that ideal performance is a state that is not based on self-control or change in behaviour, but rather a state that arises from recognition and acceptance of thoughts, emotions and bodily sensations. Pr...

  16. Sport Promotion Strategies

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandru Lucian MIHAI

    2013-01-01

    In sport marketing, the word promotion covers a range of interrelated activities. All of these activities are designed to attract attention, stimulate the interest and awareness of consumers, and of course, encourage them to purchase a sport product. Promotion is about communicating with and educating consumers. The purpose of a sport promotional strategy is to build brand loyalty and product credibility, develop image, and position the brand. A promotional strategy is similar to a marketing ...

  17. Actuated Ball Sports

    OpenAIRE

    Clerix, Ben

    2015-01-01

    Ball sports offer many physical, mental and social benefits, however they each require a different set of attributes, such as basketball hoops, volleyball nets, bowling pins, etc. Thus in order to play each of these ball sports, we need to provide and manually set up each of different attributes. Digital ball sports on the other hand virtualise these different attributes at the cost of losing physicality, however they have the possibility to create non-realistic experiences. Without physicali...

  18. SPORT CONSUMER BEHAVIOR

    OpenAIRE

    Iftime Dragoș Adrian

    2015-01-01

    Without any doubt, sport has become a major consumer market, either we discuss about practicing any kind of sport at professional or amateur level, or we are just interested by a competition, sport organization or an athlete as a regular consumer. From this last perspective, we can distinguish between two types of behaviors, respectively the spectator and the supporter or fan. Each of these two typologies has its own characteristics which define, in a significant manner, the consumer behavior...

  19. Volunteering in sport clubs

    OpenAIRE

    Nagel, Siegfried; Schlesinger, Torsten

    2014-01-01

    Volunteers are the most important resource for non-profit sport clubs seeking to bolster their viability (e.g. sporting programs). Although many people do voluntary work in sport clubs, stable voluntary engagement can no longer be granted. This difficulty is confirmed by existing research across various European countries. From a club management point of view, a detailed understanding of how to attract volunteers and retain them in the long term is becoming a high priority. The purpose of thi...

  20. SPORT MARKETING MIX STRATEGIES

    OpenAIRE

    Alexandru Lucian MIHAI

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a brief overview of a significant element of the sport marketing management model called the marketing mix. The marketing mix is crucial because it defines the sport business, and much of the sport marketer’s time is spent on various functions within the marketing mix. The marketing mix is the strategic combination of the product, price, place and promotion elements. These elements are typically called the four Ps of marketing. Decisions and strategies for each are importa...

  1. What factors help or hinder the achievement of low SES students? An international comparison using TIMSS 2011 8th grade science data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bruner, Justin L.

    Focusing on science from a cross-country perspective, this study explores the relationship between 8th grade science achievement and student, teacher, and school characteristics. More specifically, this study will pay special attention to low socio-economic status (SES) students and seek to understand why some disadvantaged students are able to have higher than expected achievement in science given their SES while other disadvantaged students are not able to achieve beyond what would be expected given their background. This study will explore the multi-level relationship between the characteristics of students, their teachers, their schools, and student achievement in science. While looking at students in classrooms and in schools, this work will create as precise as possible a measure of student SES by drawing on recommendations of an expert panel commissioned by the National Association of Educational Progress (NAEP) study. The study uses the most recent cycle (2011) of the Trends in International Math and Science Study (TIMSS), to strategically select a six-country sample from the 45 participating countries. This six-country sample was selected by using the country level achievement and the standard deviation of that achievement. This will create a sample that has a range of equality in achievement and strength in achievement. This allows for making comparisons both across and within countries to better understand variations in the factors of student performance, especially for disadvantaged students. This paper builds on the existing research around socio-economic status (SES) and achievement by exploring in more detail the conditions in schools and classrooms around the world that might magnify or reduce the effect of SES on student achievement. The analysis looks at these questions: "What conditions help low SES students achieve higher than what would be expected given their SES?" and "What conditions hinder low SES students to achieve at or below what would

  2. Sport and Social Inclusion: Evidence from the Performance of Public Leisure Facilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yi-De

    2009-01-01

    In the UK, sport is increasingly recognized as a means for promoting social inclusion. However, evaluation, to date, is limited with regard to the achievement of social inclusion through sport. Based on the database of Sport England's National Benchmarking Service, this paper aims to investigate the extent to which public leisure facilities were…

  3. A qualitative study on specifying the customer-based brand equity in sport marketing: 9th International ÖGER Antalya Marathon (Runtalya) caseSpor pazarlamasında tüketici temelli marka değerini belirlemeye yönelik nitel bir araştırma: 9.Uluslararası ÖGER Antalya Maratonu (Runtalya) örneği

    OpenAIRE

    Ömer Kürşad Tüfekci

    2014-01-01

    Customer-based brand equity explains the reactions that customer reveal to marketing activities depend on brand information. Customer-based brand equity recently has undertaken an important role in sport marketing. Consumer-Based Brand Equity's dimensions were utilized as a determinant of brand value. Consumer-Based Brand Equity has been associated with sports marketing. In this context, an investigation was conducted at Ninth International Antalya Marathon (Runtalya), this year. Therefore, f...

  4. Achievements and challenges of the World Bank Loan/Department for International Development grant-assisted Tuberculosis Control Project in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kong, Peng; Jiang, Xu; Zhang, Ben; Jiang, Shi-wen; Liu, Bo

    2011-07-01

    In March 2002, the government of China launched the World Bank Loan/ Department for International Development-supported Tuberculosis (TB) Control Project to reduce the prevalence and mortality of TB. The project generated promising results in policy development, strengthening of TB control systems, patient treatment success, funds management, and the introduction of legislation. In light of the global TB epidemic and control environment, it is useful to review the TB control priorities of the project, summarize the achievements and experiences around its implementation. PMID:21933629

  5. Lessons learnt: Observation of Grade 4 reading comprehension teaching in South African schools across the Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS 2006 achievement spectrum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lisa Zimmerman

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The evidence of the huge challenges of literacy development faced by South African learners is primarily gleaned from the results of learners’ external assessments. There is little research which explores, in-depth, the strategies used by teachers to teach reading literacy and reading comprehension specifically. Questions remain about what is going wrong and, most importantly,what can be changed to rectify the poor outcomes of learners. To gain insight into the poor achievement of Grade 4 learners, in South Africa in the Progress in International Reading Literacy Study (PIRLS 2006, six case studies were undertaken. Each school case had a different class average achievement profile ranging from low to high on the PIRLS achievement scale.This article presents findings from the observation of Grade 4 reading comprehension lessons in six schools. The comparison of observations of teaching practices aligned to higher achieving schools, against those of lower performing schools, indicates the discrepancies in the quality of teaching reading comprehension across the schools, and reveals potential foci for teacher development. The value of comparative lesson observation for these purposes is highlighted.

  6. Spinal injury in sport

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Spinal injuries are very common among professional or amateur athletes. Spinal sport lesions can be classified in overuse and acute injuries. Overuse injuries can be found after years of repetitive spinal load during sport activity; however specific overuse injuries can also be found in adolescents. Acute traumas are common in contact sports. Most of the acute injuries are minor and self-healing, but severe and catastrophic events are possible. The aim of this article is to review the wide spectrum of spinal injuries related to sport activity, with special regard to imaging finding

  7. Spinal injury in sport

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barile, Antonio [Department of Radiology, University of L' Aquila, S. Salvatore Hospital, Via Vetoio, Coppito, 67100 L' Aquila (Italy)]. E-mail: antonio.barile@cc.univaq.it; Limbucci, Nicola [Department of Radiology, University of L' Aquila, S. Salvatore Hospital, Via Vetoio, Coppito, 67100 L' Aquila (Italy); Splendiani, Alessandra [Department of Radiology, University of L' Aquila, S. Salvatore Hospital, Via Vetoio, Coppito, 67100 L' Aquila (Italy); Gallucci, Massimo [Department of Radiology, University of L' Aquila, S. Salvatore Hospital, Via Vetoio, Coppito, 67100 L' Aquila (Italy); Masciocchi, Carlo [Department of Radiology, University of L' Aquila, S. Salvatore Hospital, Via Vetoio, Coppito, 67100 L' Aquila (Italy)

    2007-04-15

    Spinal injuries are very common among professional or amateur athletes. Spinal sport lesions can be classified in overuse and acute injuries. Overuse injuries can be found after years of repetitive spinal load during sport activity; however specific overuse injuries can also be found in adolescents. Acute traumas are common in contact sports. Most of the acute injuries are minor and self-healing, but severe and catastrophic events are possible. The aim of this article is to review the wide spectrum of spinal injuries related to sport activity, with special regard to imaging finding.

  8. Sports injuries Lesiones deportivas

    OpenAIRE

    Santiago Patiño Giraldo; Elkín Arango V.; Mónica Paola Clavijo Rodríguez; Jorge Alberto Osorio Ciro; Isabel Cristina Gallego Ching

    2007-01-01

    Stress generated by sports practice has increased the probability that athletes suffer from acute and chronic injuries. Worldwide, there have been many different investigations concerning the incidence of sport injuries. The different ways in which results have been presented makes it difficult to compare among them. Rates of sports injuries vary between 1.7 and 53 per 1.000 hours of sports practice; 0.8 and 90.9 per 1.000 hours of training; 3.1 and 54.8 per 1.000 hours of competition, and 6....

  9. Research on Sports Tourism Image Design and Dissemination of Limiao Nationality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiong Jian

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper adopts the methods of documentary, field investigation, logic analysis etc., and takes Hainan Li Miao nationality cultural custom, traditional sports and experiential sports tourism as research content to discuss design and dissemination of Li Miao nationality sports tourism image and puts forward workable ideas so as to provide a theoretical reference for sports tourism resources development of international tourist island.

  10. Sport Nutrition and Doping in Tennis: An Analysis of Athletes’ Attitudes and Knowledge

    OpenAIRE

    Miran Kondric; Damir Sekulic; Ognjen Uljevic; Goran Gabrilo; Milan Zvan

    2013-01-01

    Nutrition and doping issues are rarely studied in the sport of tennis. The aims of this investigation were to determine knowledge on doping (KD) and knowledge on sport nutrition (KSN), and corresponding socio-demographic-, sport-, and sport-nutrition- and doping-factors among an international sample of high-level tennis players of both sexes (43 females; 22 years old on average). In the first phase of the investigation, the KSN and KD questionnaires were studied for their reliability and vali...

  11. Risk factors for developing jumper's knee in sport and occupation: a review

    OpenAIRE

    Tiemessen, Ivo JH; Kuijer, P Paul FM; Hulshof, Carel TJ; Frings-Dresen, Monique HW

    2009-01-01

    Background The onset of jumper's knee is generally associated with sports and sporting activities. Employees in certain professions might be at risk as well for developing jumper's knee. Therefore, it is of interest to identify risk factors in sport and/or occupation. Findings A systematic search of the international scientific literature was performed until November 2008 in the scientific databases (a) Medline, (b) Embase, and (c) SportDiscus. All types of studies were included. The search s...

  12. Risk factors for developing jumper's knee in sport and occupation: a review

    OpenAIRE

    Frings-Dresen Monique HW; Hulshof Carel TJ; Kuijer P Paul FM; Tiemessen Ivo JH

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background The onset of jumper's knee is generally associated with sports and sporting activities. Employees in certain professions might be at risk as well for developing jumper's knee. Therefore, it is of interest to identify risk factors in sport and/or occupation. Findings A systematic search of the international scientific literature was performed until November 2008 in the scientific databases (a) Medline, (b) Embase, and (c) SportDiscus. All types of studies were included. The...

  13. Same ambitions - different tracks: A comparative perspective on Nordic elite sport

    OpenAIRE

    Andersen, Svein S.; Ronglan, Lars Tore

    2012-01-01

    Studies of politics, welfare states and social issues often emphasize the commonalities that constitute a Nordic model. Similarly, research on international elite sport emphasize the convergence of elite sport systems. In the domain of Nordic elite sport commonalities exist, but the differences are more striking. Not only are there differences among the national elite sport systems, they also often run counter to dominant patters of political and societal organizations within each country. Th...

  14. A Hermeneutical Analysis of the InternalistApproachin the Philosophy of Sport

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frias Francisco Javier Lopez

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we make a hermeneutical analysis of internalism, the dominant tradition in the philosophy of sports. In order to accomplish this, we identify the prejudices that guide the internalist view of sports, namely the Platonic-Analytic prejudice introduced by Suits, one of the forefathers of internalism. Then, we critically analyze four consequences of following such a prejudice: a its reductive nature, b the production of a unrealistic view of sports, c the vagueness of the idea of excellence; and d the leap from the descriptive analysis of the sporting phenomenon to the setting of normative requirements for the practice of sports.

  15. Sports medicine in New Zealand.

    OpenAIRE

    Milne, C. J.

    1992-01-01

    Sports medicine in New Zealand is characterized by a team approach. Experienced professionals work together to the benefit of athletes, be they elite performers or those in sport for purely recreational purposes. A no-fault accident compensation scheme is used to provide speedy access to treatment services for those injured in sport and also for advice on accident prevention. Recent initiatives include a task force on drugs in sport and the creation of regional sports foundations. Sports medi...

  16. From AGT to SDT, from athletes to coaches : refocussing the study of sport motivation

    OpenAIRE

    Alcaraz Garcia, Saül; Torregrosa, Miquel; Viladrich, M. C.; Ramis Laloux, Yago; Cruz Feliu, Jaume

    2014-01-01

    The present research describes how the study of sport motivation has evolved over the last three decades. Two main trends are observed. On the one hand, the theoretical framework most used in the study of sport motivation has changed from Achievement Goal Theory (AGT) to Self-Determination Theory (SDT). On the other hand, in the recent years researchers have begun to analyse not only athletes’ sport experiences but also coaches’ sport experiences. In this paper, we briefly present AGT and SDT...

  17. Marketing of sport tourism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.S. Teletov

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of the article is to clarify the concept of «sport tourism marketing», to examine the state of its objects and to determine prospects for development of sport tourism in Ukraine. The paper singles out the role of sport in life; compares different types of cities in terms of provision the infrastructure for tourism development in the field of sports. Authors show the example of the campaign. The results of the analysis. The article deals with sport tourism as a form of total tourism conducted extensive research of sports tourism values compared between typical sports facilities and infrastructure of cities millionaires, large, medium and small Ukrainian cities. The research is based on Sumy. It is shown that it may be attractive for sports, historical and cultural enrichment of professional athletes, children and adolescents, a large group of fans that come to competition. Marketing approaches to the decision of sport tourism problems today represent the ocial, cultural, public and political phenomenon simultaneously and is by phenomenon object of special researches. This increase: shows of sports, attraction to it of children, quantity of the people life, conducting a healthy image, increase of a network sport structures, hotels and other tourist objects. Work is complete scientific and practical work, implemented commission on education, science, culture, tourism, sport and youth policy Sumy Regional Council and is recommended to be involved to realizing for local councils, administrations and City Hall for recovery work in the field of tourism development. The theoretical and methodological developments generalizations made in this scientific work, have a scientific value and practical value and can be recommended for implementation in other regions of Ukraine. Conclusions and prospects for further researches. One of the few areas that still have powerful sports, tourism and how their derivatives – marketing

  18. Sports in metaphor and metaphor in sports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dalibor Kesić

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper looks at the metaphors and idioms in the English language that have sports as their motivation and attempts to draw certain parallels with their corresponding semantic equivalents in Serbian. To establish the origin of an idiom is not an easy task, it is even more difficult to segregate them in groups relating to the metaphorical motivation. One of the groups that is worth exploring relates to those that seem to be sport generated. They are probably so prevalent among metaphoric constructions on account of their convenience as an interplay between different meanings which at the same is indeed a real play between people. What distinguishes them from other types of expressions is that they include sport terminology while referring to something totally different, sometimes involving ordinary folk, sometimes even state dignitaries. What they all have in common though is the transfer of meaning, from one sematic field into a different arena, this time it being a sport arena. This would imply that phraseology encompasses proverbs, sayings, idiolect and every other form of collocated wording used to denote an object, advice, idea or anything else with a meaning that, to some extent, deviates from the exact meaning of the words used in them. In the methodology chapter, the paper looks at more than 20 different metaphorical sport expressions, while the introduction, results, discussion and conclusion explore the theoretical bases that underpin any twist in meaning once a group of several words are joined together, thereby changing the sum of their individual meanings.

  19. Creation of a special medical service mechanism for large international sport events%重大国际赛事医疗保障专项工作机制的建立

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李杨; 宣世英; 韩同钦; 高倩

    2009-01-01

    For medical service provision for the Olympic Games, a special medical service mechanism for important international sport events eventually took shape, based on task analysis and medical services provided in test games for two years including 2006 and 2007 Qingdao Sailing Regatta. This mechanism features the following: First, "7-Special" sport event medical practice - Medical zones, medical teams, service flows, service signs, medical papers, and drug management, all exclusively earmarked for the event; Second, medical services up to international standard; Third, special flows for medical rescue; Fourth, Special system for information reporting. Thanks to this special mechanism, the hospital provided its medical assurance for the Olympic Games successfully, and upgraded its routine medical services as a result.%为完成奥运会这一重大国际赛事的医疗保障任务,通过对面临任务的分析,经过两年测试赛医疗保障工作的探索,形成了参与重大国际赛事医疗保障工作的专项工作机制.专项工作机制内容:一是赛事专用诊疗区域、专职诊疗团队、专项服务流程、专用服务标志、专用医疗文书、专项服务模式和专项药品管理的"七个专项"赛事医疗运行体系;二是诊疗规范的国际标准;三是抢救工作的专项流程;四是信息报告的专项体系.通过专项工作机制的建立,医院成功完成了奥运会的医疗保障任务,并实现医院日常诊疗工作的全面进步.

  20. IN PURSUIT OF EXCELLENCE: A STUDENT GUIDE TO ELITE SPORTS DEVELOPMENT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Hill

    2007-09-01

    Full Text Available DESCRIPTION This book is about how it is possible to achieve the excellence in sport in modern times. PURPOSE To cover the past of competitive sport of today as well as discussing current issues in sport such as drugs. The comparison of elite sporting methods in leading sport countries is also included. AUDIENCE Students in the field and anybody interested in modern sports especially in the history of it. FEATURES A comprehensive introduction about the pursuit of excellence in sport, covering the key issues such as the history and tradition of sporting excellence; comparisons of elite high-performance sport programmes in Australia, the USA, East Germany and France; the historical, social, political and economic impacts of sporting excellence in the UK; current issues and debates, including drugs in sport; and the future for high-performance sport. ASSESSMENT Having a clear framework for understanding and exploring key issues, questions for discussion, websites and suggestions for further reading, "In Pursuit of Excellence" is a helpful source for students and for any person interested in sport and sport-relevant issues

  1. Sports and exercise-related tendinopathies : a review of selected topical issues by participants of the second International Scientific Tendinopathy Symposium (ISTS) Vancouver 2012

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Scott, Alex; Docking, Sean; Vicenzino, Bill; Alfredson, Hakan; Zwerver, Johannes; Lundgreen, Kirsten; Finlay, Oliver; Pollock, Noel; Cook, Jill L.; Fearon, Angela; Purdam, Craig R.; Hoens, Alison; Rees, Jonathan D.; Goetz, Thomas J.; Danielson, Patrik

    2013-01-01

    In September 2010, the first International Scientific Tendinopathy Symposium (ISTS) was held in Umea, Sweden, to establish a forum for original scientific and clinical insights in this growing field of clinical research and practice. The second ISTS was organised by the same group and held in Vancou

  2. Preventing Children's Sports Injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to stretch their limits and learn sportsmanship and discipline. But any sport also carries the potential for injury. By knowing the causes of sports injuries and how to prevent them, you can help make athletics a positive experience for your child. Kids can be particularly ...

  3. Sexual harassment in sports

    OpenAIRE

    Brackenridge, CH

    1995-01-01

    The purpose of this talk today is to give you an overview of the current state of research on sexual harassment in sport and to raise questions about the links between harassment, sexual abuse and women's health and safety is sport.

  4. Plotse dood bij sport

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A.J. Dolmans (Ineke)

    1983-01-01

    textabstractDe aanleiding om te komen tot een onderzoek naar plotse dood bij sport was de schijnbare tegenspraak tussen het stimuleren van sportbeoefening en het voorkomen van plotse dood daarbij. Doel van het onderzoek was 1. zo nauwkeurig mogelijk het aantal gevallen van plotse dood bij sport per

  5. Back pain and sports

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... and a sense of well-being. Almost any sport places some stress on your spine. That is why it's important to keep the muscles and ligaments that support your spine flexible ... many sports injuries. Getting these muscles to the point where ...

  6. Somatotypes in Sport

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tóth Teodor

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The submitted article deals with the evaluation of the somatotype of persons and determination of a suitable somatotype for selected sports. In the introduction the method for determining and evaluating a somatotype according to Carter and Heath is characterised. The processes used for calculating the individual components - endomorphy, mesomorphy, ectomorphy - are presented as well as a description of these elements. The calculated components are subsequently put into a somatograph. The evaluation of a somatotype is of great benefit and offers a guideline with the selection of sporting activities; it subsequently helps assign athletes into a suitable position where they will be able to best develop their talents in view of their bodily construction. In this work two types of sports are evaluated - basketball and bodybuilding. With each sport the measurements which give the prerequisites for the given sport are presented. The selection of the presented sports was made with regard to the different requirements and demands in the scope of bodily constitution. The aim of the presented paper is to assess physical parameters of subjects groups in relation to selected sports (basketball and bodybuilding. Based on the body constitution to determine the conditions for developing the physical condition and success in the appointed sports. Another objective is to compare the rating form and equation methods for somatotype determination. The sample consist 32 subjects with age between 22-28 years of both sexes, who are dedicated to basketball, or bodybuilding at amateur level.

  7. Microteaching in Sports English

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晖

    2015-01-01

    The benefit of microteaching has been recognized in many fields.But it remains a research gap in sports English teaching.The ex-periment proved it an effective way in helping students to acquire knowledge and skills in classroom observation and practice of sports English.

  8. A Rising Sport

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Tennis is becoming more popular in China but there are still worries facing the sport 0ctober was a happy time for the sport of tennis and tennis fans in China. The China Open in Beijing,the 2010 Shanghai Rolex Masters and the China Tennis Grand Prix in Nanjing,Jiangsu Province,all take place.

  9. Sport Fishing Plan Ohio River Islands National Wildlife Refuge 1995

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This plan outlines how the refuge will achieve the following objectives related to Sport Fishing: 1) Provide for the wise use of renewable natural resources, 2)...

  10. Overview of sports vision

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, Linda A.; Ferreira, Jannie T.

    2003-03-01

    Sports vision encompasses the visual assessment and provision of sports-specific visual performance enhancement and ocular protection for athletes of all ages, genders and levels of participation. In recent years, sports vision has been identified as one of the key performance indicators in sport. It is built on four main cornerstones: corrective eyewear, protective eyewear, visual skills enhancement and performance enhancement. Although clinically well established in the US, it is still a relatively new area of optometric specialisation elsewhere in the world and is gaining increasing popularity with eyecare practitioners and researchers. This research is often multi-disciplinary and involves input from a variety of subject disciplines, mainly those of optometry, medicine, physiology, psychology, physics, chemistry, computer science and engineering. Collaborative research projects are currently underway between staff of the Schools of Physics and Computing (DIT) and the Academy of Sports Vision (RAU).

  11. MINDFULNESS AND SPORT PERFORMANCE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Israel Mañas

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Mindfulness in sports is a recent field. While sport psychology relied mainly on “second wave” cognitive-behavioural interventions for the last four decades, a new approach has recently been developed in sport psychology including mindfulness: a “third wave” approach. This new approach assumes that ideal performance is a state that is not based on self-control or change in behaviour, but rather a state that arises from recognition and acceptance of thoughts, emotions and bodily sensations. Practicing mindfulness allows learns to observe and accept the thoughts, emotions, and body sensations, without making any attempt to eliminate or modify them. This paper reviews the main programs of mindfulness in sport performance both from the “third wave”: Mindful Sport Performance Enhancement (MSPE and Mindfulness-Acceptance-Commitment(MAC.

  12. Policy, Sport and Integration

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agergaard, Sine; Sørensen, Jan Kahr

    2010-01-01

    Increased public funding, more governmental involvement and an emphasis on the instrumental values of physical activities have in general become characteristic of Western nations’ policies towards sport. Denmark is, however, a little different in that there is still little political intervention...... in sport, although sports clubs do get economic support and are seen as having the potential to solve crucial social issues. The purpose of this article is to analyse and discuss the ways in which the political assumption that sport can enhance social integration is reflected in the practical governance...... of integration issues in particular in sports clubs. The article is based on a local field study in which we interviewed 10 talented football players with ethnic minority backgrounds and eight coaches and club leaders from six different football clubs. Distinguishing between integration and assimilation...

  13. Arthur Ashe Jr. Sports Scholars Awards 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elfman, Lois; Walker, Marlon A.

    2011-01-01

    "Diverse: Issues In Higher Education" established the Sports Scholars Awards to honor undergraduate students of color who have made achieving both academically and athletically a winning combination. Inspired by tennis legend Arthur Ashe Jr.'s commitment to education as well as his love for the game of tennis, "Diverse" invites every college and…

  14. Arthur Ashe Jr. Sports Scholars Awards 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elfman, Lois; Ford, William J.

    2010-01-01

    "Diverse: Issues In Higher Education" established the Sports Scholars Awards to honor undergraduate students of color who have made achieving both academically and athletically a winning combination. Inspired by tennis legend Arthur Ashe Jr.'s commitment to education as well as his love for the game of tennis, they invite every college and…

  15. Kobiety i sport = Women and sport

    OpenAIRE

    Kamasz, Ewelina

    2014-01-01

    Kamasz Ewelina. Kobiety i sport = Women and sport. Journal of Health Sciences. 2014;4(13):60-70. ISSN 1429-9623 / 2300-665X. http://journal.rsw.edu.pl/index.php/JHS/article/view/2014%3B4%2811%29%3A60-70 http://ojs.ukw.edu.pl/index.php/johs/article/view/2014%3B4%2811%29%3A60-70 https://pbn.nauka.gov.pl/works/489343 DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.13177 http://dx.doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.13177     The former journal has had 5 points in Ministry of Science and Higher ...

  16. Positive and negative aspects of « Sport + Studies Programmes » organized at secondary school level, perceived by athletes and their classmates

    OpenAIRE

    Cloes, Marc; Schelings, Virginie; Ledent, Maryse; Piéron, Maurice

    2002-01-01

    In several sports, athletes reaching the world-class level have experienced hard years of practice. Training must be intensive and respect high quality criteria. Today, promising teenagers are enrolled in sport programmes. However sport career achievement being so hazardous, it is necessary to guarantee the best school preparation to youths following the way to high level sport. ...

  17. Impact of Green Sports on Construction of Sporting Power

    OpenAIRE

    Houzhong Jin; Hongquan Li

    2011-01-01

    The theme of green sports is “harmony and development”. In this paper, the author analyzes the impact of green sports on construction of sporting power from dimensions of green sports’ consciousness, education, system, service, and cultural, offering references for decision concerning the construction of sporting power.

  18. A Review of Sport-Related Head Injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nagahiro, Shinji

    2016-01-01

    We review current topics in sport-related head injuries including acute subdural hematoma (ASDH), traumatic cerebrovascular disease, cerebral concussion, and chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). Sports-related ASDH is a leading cause of death and severe morbidity in popular contact sports like American football and Japanese judo. Rotational acceleration can cause either cerebral concussion or ASDH due to rupture of a parasagittal bridging vein. Although rare, approximately 80% of patients with cerebral infarction due to sport participation are diagnosed with ischemia or infarction due to arterial dissection. Computed tomography angiography, magnetic resonance angiography, and ultrasound are useful for diagnosing arterial dissection; ultrasound is particularly useful for detecting dissection of the common and internal carotid arteries. Repeated sports head injuries increase the risks of future concussion, cerebral swelling, ASDH, and CTE. To avoid fatal consequences of CTE, it is essential to understand the criteria for safe post-concussion sports participation. Once diagnosed with a concussion, an athlete should not be allowed to return to play on the same day and should not resume sports before the concussion symptoms have completely resolved. Information about the risks and management of head injuries in different sports should be widely disseminated in educational institutions and by sport organization public relations campaigns.

  19. A Review of Sport-Related Head Injuries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mizobuchi, Yoshifumi; Nagahiro, Shinji

    2016-04-01

    We review current topics in sport-related head injuries including acute subdural hematoma (ASDH), traumatic cerebrovascular disease, cerebral concussion, and chronic traumatic encephalopathy (CTE). Sports-related ASDH is a leading cause of death and severe morbidity in popular contact sports like American football and Japanese judo. Rotational acceleration can cause either cerebral concussion or ASDH due to rupture of a parasagittal bridging vein. Although rare, approximately 80% of patients with cerebral infarction due to sport participation are diagnosed with ischemia or infarction due to arterial dissection. Computed tomography angiography, magnetic resonance angiography, and ultrasound are useful for diagnosing arterial dissection; ultrasound is particularly useful for detecting dissection of the common and internal carotid arteries. Repeated sports head injuries increase the risks of future concussion, cerebral swelling, ASDH, and CTE. To avoid fatal consequences of CTE, it is essential to understand the criteria for safe post-concussion sports participation. Once diagnosed with a concussion, an athlete should not be allowed to return to play on the same day and should not resume sports before the concussion symptoms have completely resolved. Information about the risks and management of head injuries in different sports should be widely disseminated in educational institutions and by sport organization public relations campaigns. PMID:27182494

  20. SPORT AND HEALTH IN THE REPUBLIC OF SLOVENIA IN 2009

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jernej Pajek

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Sport and health are often discussed as being related to each other. The Slovenian Olympic Committee, Department of Sport for All, wanted to determine whether the proportion of population engaged in organised sport activities in the region is correlated to the level of sickness in different disease categories. Municipal authorities provided the information on the number of sport clubs and the number of members they included in 2009. The Statistical Yearbook 2009 by the Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia supplied the social and demographic information on municipalities in 2009. The Agency for Public Finances offered data on the financing of sports programs in municipalities in Slovenia for 2009. The Institute of Public Health (Health Statistics Yearbook 2009 provided a summary of treatments for some diseases at the primary level as per diagnosis in accordance with the international ICD-10 classification. Results show that organized sports indeed decrease the level of some health conditions (such as respiratory. The proportion of public funds per member in sport societies is correlated with occurrences of digestive diseases, symptoms and abnormal clinical and laboratory findings not elsewhere classified. Higher wages for employees in such clubs also impact on occurrences of respiratory disease, musculoskeletal diseases, gastrointestinal diseases and injury- and poisoning-related problems due to external causes. These results support the view that sports clubs act as a natural pharmacy. Increased funding for sports clubs would probably lead to an improvement in national health and save resources now spent on treatments.

  1. Support-vector-machine tree-based domain knowledge learning toward automated sports video classification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Guoqiang; Jiang, Yang; Song, Gang; Jiang, Jianmin

    2010-12-01

    We propose a support-vector-machine (SVM) tree to hierarchically learn from domain knowledge represented by low-level features toward automatic classification of sports videos. The proposed SVM tree adopts a binary tree structure to exploit the nature of SVM's binary classification, where each internal node is a single SVM learning unit, and each external node represents the classified output type. Such a SVM tree presents a number of advantages, which include: 1. low computing cost; 2. integrated learning and classification while preserving individual SVM's learning strength; and 3. flexibility in both structure and learning modules, where different numbers of nodes and features can be added to address specific learning requirements, and various learning models can be added as individual nodes, such as neural networks, AdaBoost, hidden Markov models, dynamic Bayesian networks, etc. Experiments support that the proposed SVM tree achieves good performances in sports video classifications.

  2. Guide to Eating for Sports

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Friend Who Cuts? A Guide to Eating for Sports KidsHealth > For Teens > A Guide to Eating for Sports Print A A A Text Size What's in ... Excellence There's a lot more to eating for sports than chowing down on carbs or chugging sports ...

  3. SPORTS MANAGEMENT AT ZONAL LEVEL

    OpenAIRE

    SHOBHA PRAMOD SHINDE

    2013-01-01

    What are sports?An Active diversion requiring physical exertion andcompletion.”Sports is the concrete visible and effectual facet of phy.Education as an autidate to work sports is a fun recreation past time .As in life so in sports the ever increasing competition has enriched human life in terms of skills efficiency performance and excellence but not without side effects.

  4. The Development of Sports Medicine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waddington, Ivan

    1996-01-01

    The development of sports medicine was influenced by medicalization and increasing competitiveness in modern sport, with sports physicians helping to develop performance enhancing drugs and techniques. This paper discusses sports medicine and drug use in Eastern European countries, early development of anabolic steroids in the United States, and…

  5. Sport Nutritionist: A New Sport Education Role

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Matthew R.; Zimmerman, Ryan; Ciotto, Carol

    2015-01-01

    Considering the challenges associated with adolescent obesity and the need for innovative and meaningful physical education curricula, the authors of this article decided to create a new sport education role to help students learn about the fundamental nutritional concepts and practices that contribute to a healthy and active lifestyle. The new…

  6. MDCT findings in sports and recreational accidents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Background. Sports and recreational accidents involving critical areas of the body occur commonly in the general population. Reports on their demographics and recommendations for screening procedures are, however, few. Purpose. To assess injuries of the craniofacial area, spine, and torso resulting from sports and recreational accidents with multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) as primary imaging method in a Level I trauma center. Material and Methods. All emergency room CT requests over a time span of 105 months were reviewed retrospectively for trauma mechanism and injury. Patients were identified using an electronic picture archiving and communications system (PACS), and MDCT studies interpreted by two radiologists independently. Results. Of a total of 5898 patients, 492 patients (301 boys/men, 191 girls/women, age range 2-76 years, mean 33.5 years, median 29.5 years) with sports or recreational accidents emerged. A total of 102 traumatic findings were diagnosed, thereof 72 (71%) serious. The three most commonly encountered serious injuries were intracranial injury, fractures of facial bones, and vertebral injuries. The three most common injury mechanisms were bicycling, horseback riding, and team ball sports. Patients from recreational activities were on average significantly younger (29.2 years) than those from sports accidents (36.9 years; P < 0.001). Only age groups <21 years and 41-50 years differed in injury severity from the other age groups (P = 0.004 and P = 0.063, respectively). Of all trauma mechanisms, only bicycling had a significantly increased risk of injury (P < 0.001). Conclusion. Injuries in sports and recreational accidents presented with an overall incidence of 21%, of which 71% are serious. The most common mechanisms of injury were bicycling, horseback riding, and team ball sports. The largest incidence of serious injury involved bicycling. Because of the high probability of a serious injury and the high energies that are often involved

  7. MDCT findings in sports and recreational accidents

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bensch, Frank V; Koivikko, Mika P; Koskinen, Seppo K (Dept. of Radiology, Toeoeloe Hospital, Helsinki (Finland)), email: frank.bensch@hus.fi

    2011-12-15

    Background. Sports and recreational accidents involving critical areas of the body occur commonly in the general population. Reports on their demographics and recommendations for screening procedures are, however, few. Purpose. To assess injuries of the craniofacial area, spine, and torso resulting from sports and recreational accidents with multidetector computed tomography (MDCT) as primary imaging method in a Level I trauma center. Material and Methods. All emergency room CT requests over a time span of 105 months were reviewed retrospectively for trauma mechanism and injury. Patients were identified using an electronic picture archiving and communications system (PACS), and MDCT studies interpreted by two radiologists independently. Results. Of a total of 5898 patients, 492 patients (301 boys/men, 191 girls/women, age range 2-76 years, mean 33.5 years, median 29.5 years) with sports or recreational accidents emerged. A total of 102 traumatic findings were diagnosed, thereof 72 (71%) serious. The three most commonly encountered serious injuries were intracranial injury, fractures of facial bones, and vertebral injuries. The three most common injury mechanisms were bicycling, horseback riding, and team ball sports. Patients from recreational activities were on average significantly younger (29.2 years) than those from sports accidents (36.9 years; P < 0.001). Only age groups <21 years and 41-50 years differed in injury severity from the other age groups (P = 0.004 and P = 0.063, respectively). Of all trauma mechanisms, only bicycling had a significantly increased risk of injury (P < 0.001). Conclusion. Injuries in sports and recreational accidents presented with an overall incidence of 21%, of which 71% are serious. The most common mechanisms of injury were bicycling, horseback riding, and team ball sports. The largest incidence of serious injury involved bicycling. Because of the high probability of a serious injury and the high energies that are often involved

  8. Main modern problems of doping in sport

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudenko V.P.

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose : to identify and substantiate medico-biological, psychological and social problems of doping in sport. Material: Theoretical study is based on analysis of more than 50 scientific and methodical literatures. Results : it was shown that doping is one of the serious problems of modern sport and society in general. Defines important questions regarding anti-doping rules and the anti-doping control in sport. Installed the use of performance enhancing drugs in professional sports for children and youth. Given the promising solutions to the problems of doping in Ukraine. Conclusions: Among the problems of modern sport is becoming increasingly important issue of doping. It is an extremely complex because it involves the interrelated medical, legal, political, moral, organizational, social and pedagogical aspects. Socio-pedagogical factors of anti-doping policy in sports scientists comprehensively still not addressed. Certain aspects of anti-doping policy presented in scientific papers, which can be divided into two groups. The first group of papers is devoted to doping in sport as a social event. The second group of papers devoted to the problems of doping control. Today there is a need and objective preconditions for the development and adoption of a General concept, which would be generalized numerical amount of data received and served as a basis for developing an effective anti-doping control at the expense of improvement of legislative and normative-legal base and infrastructure of the anti-doping policy in Ukraine, which should be brought in line with modern international standards.

  9. Designing a Development Strategy for the Public Sport – a Case Study in Mazandaran Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali Mohammad Safania

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to design a development Strategy for the Public Sport in Mazandaran province. A sample of 73 individuals who were the physical education teachers of higher education institutions, senior managers of the department of the youth and sports, senior experts, heads of the state offices, provincial and municipal authorities and bodies of sports participated in this study. A researcher-made questionnaire was used to collect the data; its validity was confirmed by several experts and its reliability was confirmed through Cronbach's alpha (α=0.92. The questionnaire consists of 46 items rated on strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats to Public Sport of the province. The findings revealed that one of the main reasons for the unfavorable sports situation in Mazandaran was the lack of development strategy for Public Sport. The results of the analysis were extracted after analyzing the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats and after evaluating the matrix of the internal and external factors for the Public Sport .SO strategies include the development of the sport in the state offices and the provision of sport facilities in the province. ST strategies include the provision of raw sport materials which are easily accessible to the athlete and which are with an affordable price. WO strategies include an increase of the resources and funds for improving the programs of the Public Sport. WT strategies include the use of modern sport facilities and the involvement of senior officials in the Promotion of the Public Sport.

  10. Nutrition, illness, and injury in aquatic sports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pyne, David B; Verhagen, Evert A; Mountjoy, Margo

    2014-08-01

    In this review, we outline key principles for prevention of injury and illness in aquatic sports, detail the epidemiology of injury and illness in aquatic athletes at major international competitions and in training, and examine the relevant scientific evidence on nutrients for reducing the risk of illness and injury. Aquatic athletes are encouraged to consume a well-planned diet with sufficient calories, macronutrients (particularly carbohydrate and protein), and micronutrients (particularly iron, zinc, and vitamins A, D, E, B6, and B12) to maintain health and performance. Ingesting carbohydrate via sports drinks, gels, or sports foods during prolonged training sessions is beneficial in maintaining energy availability. Studies of foods or supplements containing plant polyphenols and selected strains of probiotic species are promising, but further research is required. In terms of injury, intake of vitamin D, protein, and total caloric intake, in combination with treatment and resistance training, promotes recovery back to full health and training. PMID:24937101

  11. Athletic pubalgia (sports hernia).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Litwin, Demetrius E M; Sneider, Erica B; McEnaney, Patrick M; Busconi, Brian D

    2011-04-01

    Athletic pubalgia or sports hernia is a syndrome of chronic lower abdomen and groin pain that may occur in athletes and nonathletes. Because the differential diagnosis of chronic lower abdomen and groin pain is so broad, only a small number of patients with chronic lower abdomen and groin pain fulfill the diagnostic criteria of athletic pubalgia (sports hernia). The literature published to date regarding the cause, pathogenesis, diagnosis, and treatment of sports hernias is confusing. This article summarizes the current information and our present approach to this chronic lower abdomen and groin pain syndrome. PMID:21419964

  12. SPORT AND EXERCISE PSYCHOLOGY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andy Lane

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available DESCRIPTION The book introduces the undergraduate psychology student to both academic and professional aspects of Sport and Exercise Psychology. It uses up to date research evidence, established theory and a variety of activities that help the student consider and understand academic and professional aspects of this particular academic discipline. PURPOSE The book aims to provide the undergraduate psychology student with a structured introduction to the subject area and an insight into the theoretical evidence and practical suggestions that underpin what a Sport and Exercise psychologist does. The book also aims to support one term or one semester courses in Sport and Exercise Psychology. It is also appropriate for Masters level courses. FEATURES The book begins with a chapter on applied sports psychology to give the reader an insight into the domain of sport psychology, providing an overview of the techniques that could be used. The next three chapters focus on mood, anxiety and self confidence, which influence performance. This leads on to four chapters that focus on managing psychological states. There is also a chapter on leadership which interestingly includes leadership development in coaches and in athletes. Two chapters focus on the effects of exercise on psychological states, providing a balance between the benefits and potential drawbacks. The final chapter examines the issue of placebo effects. Throughout each chapter there are useful activities than can help the reader's understanding of practical and theoretical issues. These also have practical implications for the work of a Sport and Exercise Psychologist. Key ethical issues are raised on a regular basis throughout the text. The book offers an excellent blend of theory and practical suggestions which are critically discussed thus giving valuable insights regarding the research process and applied practice which is often lacking in the more well known standard textbooks for Sport

  13. A Hermeneutical Analysis of the InternalistApproachin the Philosophy of Sport

    OpenAIRE

    Frias Francisco Javier Lopez; Monfort Xavier Gimeno

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we make a hermeneutical analysis of internalism, the dominant tradition in the philosophy of sports. In order to accomplish this, we identify the prejudices that guide the internalist view of sports, namely the Platonic-Analytic prejudice introduced by Suits, one of the forefathers of internalism. Then, we critically analyze four consequences of following such a prejudice: a) its reductive nature, b) the production of a unrealistic view of sports, c) the vagueness of the idea o...

  14. The nature of sports marketing

    OpenAIRE

    Bühler, André; Nufer, Gerd; Rennhak, Carsten

    2006-01-01

    Sports marketing has established itself over the last three decades not only as a very special form of marketing but also as an own subject of research. However, it is quite surprising that the nature of sports marketing is relatively unknown as different definitions of sports market-ing indicate. Indeed, a generally accepted definition does not exist to date and opinions about the nature of sports marketing differ widely. This paper examines the nature of sports market-ing and therefore seek...

  15. Key Topics in Sports Medicine

    OpenAIRE

    Amir Ali Narvani; Panagiotis Thomas; Burce Lynn

    2006-01-01

    Key Topics in Sports Medicine is a single quick reference source for sports and exercise medicine. It presents the essential information from across relevant topic areas, and includes both the core and emerging issues in this rapidly developing field. It covers: 1) Sports injuries, rehabilitation and injury prevention, 2) Exercise physiology, fitness testing and training, 3) Drugs in sport, 4) Exercise and health promotion, 5) Sport and exercise for special and clinical populations, 6) The ps...

  16. Study the Effect of Sources of Manufacturing Companies on the Achievement of the Objectives of the Trade Exhibition: Case Study at the International Exhibition of Bushehr City

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Majid Esmaeilpour

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: With increasing competition and reducing the possibility of exposure to commodities, the possibility of participating in trade exhibition is important hundredfold. Exhibiting a great opportunity for companies provide the goods. The exhibition will present a pre-determined targets and long-term planning to achieve these goals, the recognition of its resources in setting goals as a fundamental principle of the company, is participating in the exhibition. Objectives: The purpose of this study was to assess the importance sources of participating in trade exhibition and the impact that it will have sources of to achieve the objectives of the exhibition. Methodology: The study in term of purpose is applied and in term of data collection is descriptive - and the correlation. The research includes companies participating in international exhibition Bushehr over 180 companies. This study used a sample of 120 companies was Morgan. Data derived from the survey questionnaire. Validity through the content validity and reliability through Cronbach's alpha was approved. Data Analysis is a method of structural equation modeling. Results and findings: The results obtained suggest that the booth personnel sources of, sources of exhibition have a significant impact on sales targets and management capabilities. The booth personnel sources of and the ability to communicate with customers also have a significant impact on sales purposes. The findings of this study it can be concluded that except for the purposes of sale and non-sale capabilities partnership that does not, improvement of existing resources and capabilities of each model achieves sales targets and other participants will sell.

  17. PLACEBO EFFECTS IN COMPETITIVE SPORT: QUALITATIVE DATA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher J. Beedie

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available The paper examines the placebo effect in sports performance. The possibility that the placebo effect is a more common phenomenon than the quantity of published research would suggest is briefly addressed. It is suggested that the placebo control design often used in sports performance research masks any placebo effects and thus presents a false picture of the mechanisms underlying performance-enhancing interventions in the real world. An electronic survey was sent to 48 competitive, international and professional athletes. Questions related to the placebo effect in competitive sport. Thirty responses were received. Data indicate that the majority (97% of respondents believe that the placebo effect can exert an influence on sports performance, and that a significant number (73% have experienced what they defined as a placebo effect. Inductive content analysis reveals that these experiences fall into several categories such as explicit placebo effects, inadvertent false beliefs, ritual and reverse placebo effects. Furthermore, 10 respondents (33% offer explanations as to the nature of the placebo effect. Again, inductive content analysis reveals that these explanations fall into several categories including deliberate changes in competitive strategy, belief/expectancy, faith in a third party, and marketing. Overall, responses support previous experimental research and anecdotal reports that have found a relationship between belief and sports performance. It is suggested that further research be structured to not simply control for the placebo effect, but to elucidate it

  18. Sport and school culture : a case study of a boys' secondary school in Hong Kong

    OpenAIRE

    Yick, Wing-yan, Agnes; 易詠茵

    2015-01-01

    The competitive education system in Hong Kong makes students and parents tear between the philosophy of achieving academic excellence and the need to develop generic skills from participating in a wide range of activities. With the strong sports background, I, as the researcher, was intrigued by the sport excellence of the research school. In addition to the pursuit of academic excellence, the research school has outstanding sports achievement. The school has produced not merely just a few...

  19. Sports Hernia (Athletic Pubalgia)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. .org Sports Hernia cont. Surgical Treatment Surgical procedure. Surgery to repair the torn tissues in the groin can be done as a traditional, open procedure ...

  20. Sports Violence: Caveat Vendor.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCarthy, Jean

    1978-01-01

    Violence at sporting events is a self-feeding stimulus, not a useful cathartic for natural aggression; in the final analysis, it should be realized that athletic contests are games, not struggles for survival. (MM)

  1. Photobiomodulation on sports injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xiao-Guang; Liu, Timon C.; Jiao, Jian-Ling; Li, Cheng-Zhang; Xu, Xiao-Yang

    2003-12-01

    Sports injuries healing has long been an important field in sports medicine. The stimulatory effects of Low intensity laser (LIL) irradiation have been investigated in several medical fields, such as cultured cell response, wound healing, hormonal or neural stimulation, pain relief and others. The aim of this study was to evaluate whether LIL irradiation can accelerate sports injuries healing. Some experimental and clinical studies have shown the laser stimulation effects on soft tissues and cartilage, however, controversy still exists regarding the role of LIL when used as a therapeutic device. Summarizing the data of cell studies and animal experiments and clinic trials by using the biological information model of photobiomodulation, we conclude that LIL irradiation is a valuable treatment for superficial and localized sports injuries and that the injuries healing effects of the therapy depend on the dosage of LIL irradiation.

  2. Youth Sports Safety Statistics

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Mueller FO, Cantu RC. National Center for Catastrophic Sport Injury Research: Twenty-Ninth Annual Report, Fall 1982–Spring 2011. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina. 42 Mueller FO, Colgate B. ...

  3. Sport Fishing Regulations

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The regulations for sport fishing on St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge are outlined in this document. Fishing is only permitted from sunrise to sunset, and only...

  4. SPORTS TOURISM, LEISURE METHOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DURBĂCEA-BOLOVAN MARIAN

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available The process of using free time in nature tourism as recreation or sport activity and is a socio-economicphenomenon of mass, including relationships and activity occurring within a country and the material and spiritualflow between countries.Sports tourism is a subset of an industry generating capital, jobs and creating the image of a country /region. This article is aimed primarily a statistical analysis of this form of tourism at national and European levelwith which we wish to note that although Romania has various forms of relief , and such an arrangement it is a bigadvantage , though no have been major investments in this type of tourism .The development of increasingly high global sports movement, the emergence of new destinations, thedevelopment of road and air transport modes and infrastructure and the development of the Internet, all contributeto the development of sports tourism.

  5. Sport injuries in adolescents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habelt, Susanne; Hasler, Carol Claudius; Steinbrück, Klaus; Majewski, Martin

    2011-09-01

    In spite of the wide range of injuries in adolescents during sports activities, there are only a few studies investigating the type and frequency of sport injuries in puberty. However, this information may help to prevent, diagnose and treat sports injuries among teens. 4468 injuries in adolescent patients were treated over a ten year period of time: 66,97% were boys and 32.88% girls. The most frequent sports injuries were football (31.13%) followed by handball (8.89%) and sports during school (8.77%). The lower extremity was involved in 68.71% of the cases. Knee problems were seen in 29.79% of the patients; 2.57% spine and 1.99% head injuries. Injuries consisted primarily of distortions (35.34%) and ligament tears (18.76%); 9,00% of all injuries were fractures. We found more skin wounds (6:1) and fractures (7:2) in male patients compared to females. The risk of ligament tears was highest during skiing. Three of four ski injuries led to knee problems. Spine injuries were observed most often during horse riding (1:6). Head injuries were seen in bicycle accidents (1:3). Head injuries were seen in male patients much more often then in female patients (21:1). Fractures were noted during football (1:9), skiing (1:9), inline (2:3), and during school sports (1:11). Many adolescents participate in various sports. Notwithstanding the methodological problems with epidemiological data, there is no doubt about the large number of athletes sustain musculoskeletal injuries, sometimes serious. In most instances, the accident does not happened during professional sports and training. Therefore, school teachers and low league trainer play an important role preventing further accidence based on knowledge of individual risk patterns of different sports.It is imperative to provide preventive medical check-ups, to monitor the sport-specific needs for each individual sports, to observe the training skills as well as physical fitness needed and to evaluation coaches education. PMID

  6. Sport injuries in adolescents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanne Habelt

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available In spite of the wide range of injuries in adolescents during sports activities, there are only a few studies investigating the type and frequency of sport injuries in puberty. However, this information may help to prevent, diagnose and treat sports injuries among teens. 4468 injuries in adolescent patients were treated over a ten year period of time: 66,97% were boys and 32.88% girls. The most frequent sports injuries were football (31.13% followed by handball (8.89% and sports during school (8.77%. The lower extremity was involved in 68.71% of the cases. Knee problems were seen in 29.79% of the patients; 2.57% spine and 1.99% head injuries. Injuries consisted primarily of distortions (35.34% and ligament tears (18.76%; 9,00% of all injuries were fractures. We found more skin wounds (6:1 and fractures (7:2 in male patients compared to females. The risk of ligament tears was highest during skiing. Three of four ski injuries led to knee problems. Spine injuries were observed most often during horse riding (1:6. Head injuries were seen in bicycle accidents (1:3. Head injuries were seen in male patients much more often then in female patients (21:1. Fractures were noted during football (1:9, skiing (1:9, inline (2:3, and during school sports (1:11. Many adolescents participate in various sports. Notwithstanding the methodological problems with epidemiological data, there is no doubt about the large number of athletes sustain musculoskeletal injuries, sometimes serious. In most instances, the accident does not happened during professional sports and training. Therefore, school teachers and low league trainer play an important role preventing further accidence based on knowledge of individual risk patterns of different sports. It is imperative to provide preventive medical check-ups, to monitor the sport-specific needs for each individual sports, to observe the training skills as well as physical fitness needed and to evaluation coaches education.

  7. Ambush marketing and sports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakan Ünal

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The tactics used to reach to the mind of consumer who come under the messages of brands that sent from different fronts such as thousands of products (advertising, public relations, sponsorship, point of sale activities, promotion, etc differentiates and so to say It is lived lots of brand wars. Most of these wars are seen in areas of sports organizations. Sports is always in front of consumer in every moment of the life and being in brisk demand. It is transformed into an industry which has a large-scale by adding the power of influencing the sectors connected to each other.The world's leading companies are trying to increase their market shares by benefiting from the charm of the sports. Sports is one of the most popular areas about sponsorship. Sports has the highest share in the sponsorship areas. Ambush marketing has appeared as a major threat against sports sponsorship. Ambush marketing can also be described as an attempt of making the another company's name which is a competitor related with the event without paying a high price and also without violating the laws in the situations that official sponsorship exists in an organization which is involving the massess even a brand's sporting, social or even political event.Anyway, the efforts of preventing ambush marketing applications by the event owners and sponsors becoming very hard. There is not a clear result about whether ambush marketing is an ethical application or not and if it has a positive or a negative impact on the sports marketing. Further investigations will show us whether the war against ambush marketing will be successful or not.

  8. Sports Hernia Treatment

    OpenAIRE

    Economopoulos, Kostas J.; Milewski, Matthew D.; Hanks, John B.; Hart, Joseph M.; Diduch, David R.

    2013-01-01

    Background: The minimal repair technique for sports hernias repairs only the weak area of the posterior abdominal wall along with decompressing the genitofemoral nerve. This technique has been shown to return athletes to competition rapidly. This study compares the clinical outcomes of the minimal repair technique with the traditional modified Bassini repair. Hypothesis: Athletes undergoing the minimal repair technique for a sports hernia would return to play more rapidly compared with athlet...

  9. Drogy a sport

    OpenAIRE

    MORAVCOVÁ, Dita

    2009-01-01

    This graduation theses occupy by the doping problem specify how the students of a sports grammar school, i.e. future professional sportsmen, are familiarized with the issue of doping, and what attitudes to doping they assume, what their experience with doping is, etc. I contect of this four hypotheses were set in. Hypothesis 1, the students of the chosen sports grammar school believe that if professional sportsmen use drugs recreationally, they use most frequently alcohol, nicotine and mariju...

  10. Casting in Sport

    OpenAIRE

    DeCarlo, Mark; Malone, Kathy; Darmelio, John; Rettig, Arthur

    1994-01-01

    Attempts by sports medicine professionals to return high school athletes with hand and wrist injuries to competition quickly and safely have been the source of confusion and debate on many playing fields around the country. In addition to the differing views regarding the appropriateness of playing cast usage in high school football, a debate exists among sports medicine professionals as to which material is best suited for playing cast construction. Materials used in playing cast constructio...

  11. SPORTS TOURISM, LEISURE METHOD

    OpenAIRE

    DURBĂCEA-BOLOVAN MARIAN

    2013-01-01

    The process of using free time in nature tourism as recreation or sport activity and is a socio-economicphenomenon of mass, including relationships and activity occurring within a country and the material and spiritualflow between countries.Sports tourism is a subset of an industry generating capital, jobs and creating the image of a country /region. This article is aimed primarily a statistical analysis of this form of tourism at national and European levelwith which we wish to note that alt...

  12. Sports Fever in Sangzhi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1998-01-01

    IT was Liu Hongyan’s bright eyes and slim figure that initially caught the eye of Liu Yuheng, the coach of Sangzhi Sports School shooting team, when she was in middle school. There were other indications that she would make a good marksman, such as her quiet character—even the neatness of her penmanship. After making persuasive overtures to Hongyan’s school and family, coach Liu Yuheng brought Hongyan to train at the Sangzhi Sports School.

  13. Sport and Authenticity

    OpenAIRE

    Bednář, Miloš

    2014-01-01

    This article focuses on the concept of authenticity as understood by Heidegger, Taylor, and Ferrara and its relationship to sport. I divide Heidegger’s unusual terms (existentiales) from “Being and time” into the categories of authenticity and inauthenticity and provide examples of each from the field of sport. In further I analyse the ethical standpoint of authenticity which is in the centre of both ethical and sociological discourse today. Taylor´s conceptions of moral ideal and culture of ...

  14. Sport Spaces for All

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wagner, Anne Margrethe

    2010-01-01

    Præsentation af det digitale værktøj "Idrætsrum for alle" ved konferencen Sport-Architektur-Form i Dresden den 29-30. oktober 2010......Præsentation af det digitale værktøj "Idrætsrum for alle" ved konferencen Sport-Architektur-Form i Dresden den 29-30. oktober 2010...

  15. Broadcasting and Team Sports

    OpenAIRE

    Noll, Roger G.

    2007-01-01

    Television rights are the largest component of revenues for major sports in large, rich nations. Among these nations, the market structure for rights varies due to different competition policies towards sports and television. This essay examines how game coverage, revenues and competitive balance are affected by competition in commercial television and sales of rights. It argues that consumers are better off if television is competitive and leagues do not centralize rights sales. We conclude ...

  16. Ambush marketing and sports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakan Ünal

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available The tactics used to reach to the mind of consumer who come under the messages of brands that sent from different fronts such as thousands of products (advertising, public relations, sponsorship, point of sale activities, promotion, etc differentiates and so to say It is lived lots of brand wars. Most of these wars are seen in areas of sports organizations. Sports is always in front of consumer in every moment of the life and being in brisk demand. It is transformed into an industry which has a large-scale by adding the power of influencing the sectors connected to each other.The world's leading companies are trying to increase their market shares by benefiting from the charm of the sportsSports is one of the most popular areas about sponsorship. Sports has the highest share in the sponsorship areas. Ambush marketing has appeared as a major threat against sports sponsorship. Ambush marketing can also be described as an attempt of making the another company's name which is a competitor related with the event without paying a high price and also without violating the laws in the situations that official sponsorship exists in an organization which is involving the massess even a brand's sporting, social or even political event.Anyway, the efforts of preventing ambush marketing applications by the event owners and sponsors becoming very hard. There is not a clear result about whether ambush marketing is an ethical application or not and if it has a positive or a negative impact on the sports marketing. Further investigations will show us whether the war against ambush marketing will be successful or not.

  17. Nike+SportBand

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    当年Nike推出Nike+iPod Sport Kit.让人和跑鞋有了互动的交流.从而引发了当时运动达人的强烈关注。而今Nike又有了新一代的Nike+成员Nike+SportBand.如果前者让人听见奔跑.

  18. State of development of sport and technical and applied sports in the sports organizations of Ukraine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tikhonova N.V.

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose : the study of the development of sport and technical and applied sports in the sports organizations of Ukraine. Material : the results of analysis of scientific and methodical literature, statistical reports of the Ministry of Youth and Sports, controls for Physical Culture and Sport, the governing bodies of education and science, society websites promoting Defence of Ukraine, the Sports Committee of Ukraine. Results : technical sports solve complex health and educational problems, promote patriotic education of children. In Ukraine today gaining popularity of sports-technical and applied sports. According to statistics the number of students enrolled in 2013 increased by 6% (1720 people in relation to 2012. Total 30484 person. The most popular among children and adolescents are: military-sport all-around (amount involved is 23.9% of the total number of pupils, fire-applied sports (8.8%, parachute (8.7%, automotive (8.1 %, model aircraft (7.8%, underwater (5.8%, radio sport (7.1%. The most abundant component in the number of sports clubs have engaged in occupations which covered 18264 children and adolescents. Conclusions : Implementation of measures for further development of sports engineering, aviation and military applied sports will foster a versatile development, hardened physically, technically trained people. As the formation of the younger generation of sustained interest and needs in the classroom technical creativity, provide training for young people for military service and active labor.

  19. Achieving Standardization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henningsson, Stefan

    2016-01-01

    International e-Customs is going through a standardization process. Driven by the need to increase control in the trade process to address security challenges stemming from threats of terrorists, diseases, and counterfeit products, and to lower the administrative burdens on traders to stay...... competitive, national customs and regional economic organizations are seeking to establish a standardized solution for digital reporting of customs data. However, standardization has proven hard to achieve in the socio-technical e-Customs solution. In this chapter, the authors identify and describe what has...... to be harmonized in order for a global company to perceive e-Customs as standardized. In doing so, they contribute an explanation of the challenges associated with using a standardization mechanism for harmonizing socio-technical information systems....

  20. Achieving Standardization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Henningsson, Stefan

    2014-01-01

    International e-Customs is going through a standardization process. Driven by the need to increase control in the trade process to address security challenges stemming from threats of terrorists, diseases, and counterfeit products, and to lower the administrative burdens on traders to stay...... competitive, national customs and regional economic organizations are seeking to establish a standardized solution for digital reporting of customs data. However, standardization has proven hard to achieve in the socio-technical e-Customs solution. In this chapter, the authors identify and describe what has...... to be harmonized in order for a global company to perceive e-Customs as standardized. In doing so, they contribute an explanation of the challenges associated with using a standardization mechanism for harmonizing socio-technical information systems....

  1. THE SPORT MARKETING MANAGEMENT MODEL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandru Lucian MIHAI

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Sport marketing involves marketing fundamentals applied in one industry, the sport business industry. The development of sport marketing fundamentals is therefore based on basic marketing principles. The practice and activities of sport marketing are also based on basic marketing activities, but are modified and adapted to the sport business industry. Therefore, sport marketing is based on its primary and parent discipline - marketing. Sport marketing is one of the most important functions of a sport business. This is because the sport marketing activities will define the business. The growth of the sport industry is phenomenal and shows no signs of slowing. Also, sport marketing is a process. A process is a continuous cycle. Therefore, marketing is a function that never ends. The sport marketing management model is an illustration of the elements and process of sport marketing. It should serve as a guide for managing the company’s marketing functions. The model illustrates the elements of marketing, the succession of elements and functions, the process of managing, and the interdependence of the elements This paper presents an overview of the model, sport marketing management, each element and the process.

  2. News Education: Physics Education Networks meeting has global scale Competition: Competition seeks the next Brian Cox Experiment: New measurement of neutrino time-of-flight consistent with the speed of light Event: A day for all those who teach physics Conference: Students attend first Anglo-Japanese international science conference Celebration: Will 2015 be the 'Year of Light'? Teachers: Challenging our intuition in spectacular fashion: the fascinating world of quantum physics awaits Research: Science sharpens up sport Learning: Kittinger and Baumgartner: on a mission to the edge of space International: London International Youth Science Forum calls for leading young scientists Competition: Physics paralympian challenge needs inquisitive, analytical, artistic and eloquent pupils Forthcoming events

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-01

    Education: Physics Education Networks meeting has global scale Competition: Competition seeks the next Brian Cox Experiment: New measurement of neutrino time-of-flight consistent with the speed of light Event: A day for all those who teach physics Conference: Students attend first Anglo-Japanese international science conference Celebration: Will 2015 be the 'Year of Light'? Teachers: Challenging our intuition in spectacular fashion: the fascinating world of quantum physics awaits Research: Science sharpens up sport Learning: Kittinger and Baumgartner: on a mission to the edge of space International: London International Youth Science Forum calls for leading young scientists Competition: Physics paralympian challenge needs inquisitive, analytical, artistic and eloquent pupils Forthcoming events

  3. Radial artery for coronary artery bypass grafting: does proximal anastomosis to the aorta or left internal mammary artery achieve better patency?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, Robert A; Hamza, Mustafa; Tsakok, Teresa M; Tsakok, Maria T

    2013-12-01

    A best evidence topic in cardiac surgery was written according to a structured protocol. The question addressed was 'in coronary artery bypass grafting using radial artery grafts, does proximal anastomosis to the aorta or left internal mammary artery achieve better patency'. Altogether >183 papers were found using the reported search, of which 9 represented the best evidence to answer the clinical question. The authors, journal, date and country of publication, patient group studied, study type, relevant outcomes and results of these papers are tabulated. Radial artery grafts typically have a narrower lumen than vein grafts, and as such there is some concern that anastomosing them directly to the aorta during coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) may impair graft patency. As such, some surgeons prefer to anastomose radial artery grafts to a second-order vessel such as the left internal mammary artery (LIMA). We sought to assess the evidence for this. A handful of papers directly addressing the issue of the effect of the site of proximal anastomosis on graft patency were found, with three showing no significant difference. One such study reported an insignificant difference in angiographic patency at 32 months postoperatively, with 94.1% of off-aorta grafts remaining patent vs 87.2% of off-LIMA grafts (p = 0.123). However, a large-scale well-designed study was able to demonstrate a statistically significant difference at five years postoperatively, with 74.3% of off-aorta grafts patent, compared with 65.2% of off-LIMA (p = 0.004). Nonetheless, a number of papers that report patency for either off-aorta or off-LIMA grafts give comparable figures for each technique. Additionally, different centres and investigators report very different patency results for grafts that have the same site of proximal anastomosis. One centre was able to achieve patency rates for off-LIMA grafts of 88% up to a mean of 7.7 years postoperatively while another centre reported a patency rate

  4. Difficulties and Solution for Rules of International Sports Arbitration-A Jurisprudential Analysis of Case of Mohamed Bin Hammam v.FIFA%国际体育仲裁规则面临的困境与出路--哈曼诉国际足联仲裁案的法理评析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪习根; 罗思婧

    2014-01-01

    Rule of law is the soul in constructing the international sports order.During the CAS hearing of the Mohamed Bin Hammam v.FIFA,the modern mechanism of international sports arbitration brought unprecedented challenges to the old principles of rule of law in procedure.Therefore,CAS should act in accordance with the value of law through princi-ples of“Ne Bis In Idem”,“Comfortable Satisfaction”,“Presumption of Innocence”and “Finality of Arbitral Awards”,so that the legal spirit of sports can be highlighted.%法治是国际体育秩序构建的灵魂,而国际体育仲裁院对哈曼诉国际足联一案的审理,折射出现代国际体育仲裁机制在程序上挑战着法治的基本原则。应当依循法治价值准则,反思和完善“一事不再理”、“自由裁量”、“无罪推定”、“一裁终局”这四大问题,寻求在体育领域的应对之道,充分彰显体育法治精神。

  5. The Dark Side of Top Level Sport: An Autobiographic Study of Depressive Experiences in Elite Sport Performers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newman, Hannah J. H.; Howells, Karen L.; Fletcher, David

    2016-01-01

    The general and sport psychology research converge to point to a complex relationship between depressive experiences and human performance. The purpose of this study was to explore the depressive experiences of top level athletes and the relationship of such experiences with sport performance. Twelve autobiographies of elite athletes representing eight sports were analyzed. The autobiographical analysis was informed by narrative tradition, using three types of narrative analysis: categorical content, categorical form, and holistic content. The analysis revealed a temporal aspect to the depressive experiences that the athletes reported. Initially, sport represented a form of escape from the depressive symptoms which had been exacerbated by both external stressors (e.g., experiencing bereavement) and internal stressors (e.g., low self-esteem). However, in time, the athletes typically reached a stage when the demands of their sport shifted from being facilitative to being debilitative in nature with an intensification of their depressive symptoms. This was accompanied by deliberations about continuing their engagement in sport and an acceptance that they could no longer escape from their symptoms, with or without sport. The findings extend the extant literature by suggesting a reciprocal relationship between depressive experiences and sport performance, and they support the general psychology literature relating to the negative impact of depression on performance. The applied implications of these findings are discussed emphasizing the importance of early identification of depressive symptoms and the adoption of a proactive approach in the prevention and management of symptoms. PMID:27375544

  6. “ANALYSIS OF ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION AND SELF CONCEPT AMONG ATTACKER,SETTER AND LIBERO VOLLEY BALL PLAYERS”

    OpenAIRE

    Mahantesh B.Khanapur

    2016-01-01

    Sports are psycho-social activity; Sports have a very important role in modern society. It is important to an individual, a group, a nation and indeed the world. Sports performance is the result and expression of the total personality of the sports man. The sports man is also to achieve high-level performance by concentrating on major areas like physical power, physiological efficiency, psychological development, application of bio-mechanics and environmental adjustments. The word ‘Sports’...

  7. International

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This rubric reports on 10 short notes about international economical facts about nuclear power: Electricite de France (EdF) and its assistance and management contracts with Eastern Europe countries (Poland, Hungary, Bulgaria); Transnuclear Inc. company (a 100% Cogema daughter company) acquired the US Vectra Technologies company; the construction of the Khumo nuclear power plant in Northern Korea plays in favour of the reconciliation between Northern and Southern Korea; the delivery of two VVER 1000 Russian reactors to China; the enforcement of the cooperation agreement between Euratom and Argentina; Japan requested for the financing of a Russian fast breeder reactor; Russia has planned to sell a floating barge-type nuclear power plant to Indonesia; the control of the Swedish reactor vessels of Sydkraft AB company committed to Tractebel (Belgium); the renewal of the nuclear cooperation agreement between Swiss and USA; the call for bids from the Turkish TEAS electric power company for the building of the Akkuyu nuclear power plant answered by three candidates: Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL), Westinghouse (US) and the French-German NPI company. (J.S.)

  8. Sport and exercise participation: motivation and barriers

    OpenAIRE

    Lindner, Koenraad J., 1941-; Speak, Mike A.

    1994-01-01

    Proceedings of the Sport Psychology Conference organised by the Centre for Physical Education and Sport, and the Physical Education and Sports Science Unit of the University of Hong Kong ; sponsored by the Hong Kong Sports Development Board.

  9. Selected Periodicals in Sport and Physical Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crase, Darrell

    1979-01-01

    Thirty-one journals pertinent to the physical educator and to the professional in the areas of motor learning, sport philosophy, sport sociology, sport psychology, and sport medicine are listed with a general note on the scope of each. (JMF)

  10. Competitive Sports: Helping Kids Play it Cool

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... to Be a Good Sport A Guide to Eating for Sports Sports and Exercise Safety What Makes a Good Coach? 5 Ways to Deal With Anxiety Handling Sports Pressure and Competition Sportsmanship Connecting With Your Coach Stress & Coping Center ...

  11. Heads Up: Concussion in Youth Sports

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Up! Prevent Concussions Prevent Head Injuries Sports Safety Students Play Safe Youth Sports Safety PROMOTIONAL MATERIALS "Heads ... Up! Prevent Concussions Prevent Head Injuries Sports Safety Students Play Safe Youth Sports Safety ORDER FREE PRINT ...

  12. Linking Lincolnshire sport: the role of University women’s cricket in promoting women’s participation

    OpenAIRE

    Piller, Jonathan; Purdy, John; Smith, James; Cook, Kristian; Evans, Adam

    2012-01-01

    Patriarchal influences have been shown to create barriers to equity and inclusion in sports participation and governance (Rowe, D. (2004). Critical Reading: Sport, Culture and Media. Berkshire. McGraw Hill). Cricket is a sport in which patriarchal values still largely prevail. Despite the recent success of the women’s international cricket team, the Active People Survey (Sport England, 2012) shows that national participation rates have decreased in women’s cricket on a monthly basis (between ...

  13. Sports Medicine: What is a Sports Medicine Specialist?

    Science.gov (United States)

    What is a Sports Medicine Specialist? A physician with significant specialized training in both the treatment and prevention of illness and injury. The Sports Medicine Specialist helps patients maximize function and minimize ...

  14. Sport, Corruption and Human Rights: the Case of FIFA

    OpenAIRE

    Shropshire, Kylea

    2014-01-01

    This master thesis dissertation analyzes what kind of humanitarian issues can arise when international sporting events, such as the World Cup, are connected with powerful, global sporting organizations such as FIFA. It asks whether or not FIFA takes into consideration the positive and negative consequences that such an event might have on human rights? Or if FIFA chooses to ignore these rights in preference of organizational gain? For my investigation I decided to choose FIFA because it is on...

  15. City of Olympics Greets the Expo of Sports

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ With 13,500 trade professionals (2008: 11,500), the 5th ispo china winter, which took place February 19-21, 2009 at the China International Exhibition Center (CIEC) in Beijing, ended with a 17% increase in visitor numbers. The three days ispo china 09 in China's capital city were a showcase of the rapidly growing sporting goods industries in Asia, cheering up China sports industry in the cold winter.

  16. THE DYNAMICS OF THE PSYCHOLOGICAL PROCESS OF INFORMATION PROCESSING IN SPORT MARKETING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patruta Teodor

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Specialist task in marketing communications is different in the case of promotion of products/services that require a high level of consumer involvement in the decision-making process of buying if that consumer involvement is low. In the first case, the emphasis should fall on delivering the most appropriate information, while in the second case, communications must attract attention and make your presence known product, service or brand.Sports marketing in Romania, at the present time, are facing difficulties such as: educational and structural gap, inertia, lack of data, lack of specialised personnel, current status of the athlete, the standard of living. These are all arguments in favour of assuming responsibility by leaders in the field of sport. As is well known, the sport has a dimension of international and global excellence. For the application of marketing marketing plans are needed in the short term, medium and long term marketing programs as well as setting out the contents, sequencing, resources (human, material and financial and the methods for achieving practical marketing activities. These activities cannot be made without the use of instrumentation research (methods, techniques and tools and a information marketing system.Because the consumer is the one who assigns meanings to messages received, marketing communications must take account of the differences that may exist between the message intended to be sent by Communicator and the meaning of the message received by the consumer. at the same time, he acquires the marketing concept of its entire economic and social significance at the macro scale. Under these conditions, the Romanian sport and national specificities must follow and stay permanently in accordance with developments in the sport internationally. Sports competition restricted to the local, regional and national loss of significance. This synergy of the sport requires including the adoption of the concept of

  17. The Empirical Research on the Sports College Students Comprehensive Quality Assessment and Academic Achievement Correlation---Taking Capital Institute of Physical Education as an Example%对体育院校学生综合素质测评与学习成绩相关性的实证研究--以首都体育学院为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨琬

    2014-01-01

    大学生综合素质测评作为一种学生评价制度,已经成为大学生评奖评优及毕业就业的重要依据和参照。本研究依据筛选理论,使用调查数据实证分析了体育院校学生综合素质测评与学习成绩的相关性。实证结果表明,在控制了其他因素后,学生学习成绩、所学专业及所在院系对学生综合素质测评成绩有显著性影响。据此,本研究提出了建立符合体育院校特点的测评体系、完善测评方法及加强学生学风建设的建议。%The evaluation of college students comprehensive quality as a student evaluation system has become an important basis for the college student appraises comments the superior and the graduate employment and refer -ence.On the basis of the theory of screening , using survey data an empirical analysis of the correlation between sports college students ’ comprehensive quality assessment and learning achievement .The empirical results show that, after controlling for other factors , students ’ grades, majors and departments had a significant effect on the students ’ comprehensive quality evaluation results .Accordingly , this study proposed the establishment of evalua-tion system , which accords with the characteristics of sports colleges and universities improve assessment methods and strengthening the construction of students ’ style of study proposal .

  18. Sport Psychology: Myths in Sport Education and Physical Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffin, Joy

    2008-01-01

    From a sport and exercise psychology viewpoint, this article describes the increasing professionalization of youth sport and how many well-intentioned people are using misconceptions or myths to organize and administer youth sport programs. For example, professionalization has led to specialization and year-round training, while playing multiple…

  19. Book Review: sport Italia: the Italian love affair with sport

    OpenAIRE

    Holt, Richard

    2012-01-01

    What is the relationship between sport and the state? Richard Holt finds that Simon Martin’s history of sport and society in Italy is an engaging, enlightening and scholarly addition to Italian history, and will be of particular value to those working in the history of sport.

  20. Doping and thrombosis in sports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lippi, Giuseppe; Banfi, Giuseppe

    2011-11-01

    Historically, humans have long sought to enhance their "athletic" performance to increase body weight, aggressiveness, mental concentration and physical strength, contextually reducing fatigue, pain, and improving recovery. Although regular training is the mainstay for achieving these targets, the ancillary use of ergogenic aids has become commonplace in all sports. The demarcation between ergogenic aids and doping substances or practices is continuously challenging and mostly based on perceptions regarding the corruption of the fairness of competition and the potential side effects or adverse events arising from the use of otherwise unnecessary ergogenic substances. A kaleidoscope of side effects has been associated with the use of doping agents, including behavioral, skeletal, endocrinologic, metabolic, hemodynamic, and cardiovascular imbalances. Among the various doping substances, the most striking association with thrombotic complications has been reported for androgenic anabolic steroids (i.e., cardiomyopathy, fatal and nonfatal arrhythmias, myocardial infarction [MI], intracardiac thrombosis, stroke, venous thromboembolism [VTE], limb arterial thrombosis, branch retinal vein occlusion, cerebral venous sinus thrombosis) and blood boosting (i.e., VTE and MI, especially for epoetin and analogs). The potential thrombotic complication arising from misuse of other doping agents such as the administration of cortisol, growth hormone, prolactin, cocaine, and platelet-derived preparations is instead speculative or anecdotal at best. The present article provides an overview on the epidemiological association as well as the underlying biochemical and biological mechanisms linking the practice of doping in sports with the development of thrombosis. PMID:22198857

  1. Leadership Ability and Achieving Styles among Student-Athletes at a NCAA-II University in the Northeast United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nigro, Mary Theresa

    2012-01-01

    This study examined student-athletes' self-reported leadership ability and achieving styles. It analyzed leadership ability and achieving style preferences as they related to gender, class status, ethnicity, and sport classification: individual-sport vs. team-sport athletes. A paper and pencil survey consisting of a composite variable of six…

  2. Technology utilization in higher education and in sport management teaching

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    The rapid changes in technology have impacted also the education institutions. High education institutions have slowly implemented the new technology in the process of learning and the curricula. Thus, sport management educators need to better understand technology ́s importance to their field and as part of their efforts to achieve promotion and tenure. However, more studies are needed to research the utilization of technology in sport management courses. This study presents an overview of t...

  3. Korea Institute of Sport Science: Past, Present and Future

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dong-Sik Chung

    2009-01-01

    @@ Introduction Korea Institute of Sport Science (KISS, formerly named as Korea Sport Science Institute: KSSI) was established on December 29th, 1980 to perform research and provide support for better performance of the national athletes. KISS had clear objective of supporting scientific training of national athletes for successful hosting of 1986 Asian Games and 1988 Olympics, both were to be held in Seoul,Korea. The objective was successfully achieved with strong support from the government.

  4. Physical education, school physical activity, school sports and academic performance

    OpenAIRE

    Shephard Roy J.; Trudeau François

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background The purpose of this paper is to review relationships of academic performance and some of its determinants to participation in school-based physical activities, including physical education (PE), free school physical activity (PA) and school sports. Methods Linkages between academic achievement and involvement in PE, school PA and sport programmes have been examined, based on a systematic review of currently available literature, including a comprehensive search of MEDLINE ...

  5. Implicit motives and basic need satisfaction in extreme endurance sports

    OpenAIRE

    Schüler, Julia; Wegner, Mirko; Knechtle, Beat

    2014-01-01

    Previous research has shown that the effects of basic psychological needs on the flow experience in sports are moderated by implicit motives. However, so far, only leisure and health-oriented sports have been analyzed. In a pilot study and a main study (N = 29, 93), we tested whether the implicit achievement and affiliation motives interact with the need for competence and the need for social relatedness satisfaction, respectively, to predict flow experience and well-being in extreme enduranc...

  6. Research on Teaching Management of University Sports Club%大学体育俱乐部教学管理研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱襄宜; 李后普

    2015-01-01

    University sports club is the embodiment of the modern university sports to carry out the students' physical education and the "Sunshine Sports". Both in line with the needs of students' independent learning and development of personality, but also in line with the needs of students' sports value orientation. Integration and improvement of the internal and external integration of college physical education. The University club effectively cultivate students take the initiative to participate in physical exercise habits, but also improve the students organize social activities, sports practice self exercise ability and the ability of social communication, completed the school sports and social sports, to achieve the purpose of lifelong engaged in physical training.%大学体育俱乐部是现代大学体育落实学生体育教育与“阳光体育运动”的体现,既符合学生自主学习与发展个性的需要,又符合学生体育价值取向的需要,整合与完善了大学体育课内外一体化的目标。大学俱乐部有效地培养了学生主动自觉参加体育锻炼的习惯,同时也提高了学生协调组织社会活动能力、体育实践自我锻炼能力和社会交往能力,完成了学校体育与社会体育的接轨,达到终身从事体育锻炼的目的。

  7. Guide to Eating for Sports

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... generally need extra calories to fuel both their sports performance and their growth. Depending on how active they ... vitamins and minerals needed for good health and sports performance. previous continue Protein Power Athletes may need more ...

  8. Geography of a Sports Metropolis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Feddersen, Arne; Ahlfeldt, Gabriel M.

    2010-01-01

    This study analyses the sports infrastructure of Hamburg, Germany, from the residents’ perspective. Empirical evidence is provided for the Sports Place Theory developed by BALE (2003) using a micro-level dataset of 1,319 sports facilities, which is merged with highly disaggregated data on......, locations’ endowment of sports infrastructure is captured by potentiality variables, while accounting for natural and unnatural barriers. Given potential demand, central areas are found to be relatively underprovided with a sports infrastructure compared to peripheral areas where opportunity cost in the...... form of price of land is lower. The determinants of spatial distribution vary systematically across types of sports facilities. Publicly provided open sports fields and sport halls tend to be concentrated in areas of relatively low income which is in line with their social infrastructure character...

  9. 完善国际运动心理学界对Norman Triplett 的认知%Perfect the Academic Cognition of the International Sport Psychology Society to Norman Triplett

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游茂林

    2014-01-01

    深入考察19世纪末期国际运动心理学研究情况,重审 Triplett (1898)与运动心理学的关系,发现 Triplett (1898)被看作运动心理学研究,不仅因为它关注“competition effect”,更在于其理论基础、研究对象、研究结论都密切联系体育比赛,它包含理论推导、实验检验、结果分析等环节,特别是采用实验和数理统计法,明显区别于同时代以哲学观为基础的现象学分析或模仿自然科学的实验报告,可谓科学运动心理学诞生的代表作。根据现代运动心理学理论,Triplett (1898)具有较高的研究水平,但它没有明显支持运动心理学的学科创建。%Although this research includes some sport factors ,the historical information indicates that Triplett (1898) is not the first research or experiment of sport psychology because of the research target ,theory basis and experiment program ,and it is better to treat it as a popular psychology research related with sport .Thinking of the situation of sport psychology research during the end of 1900s ,the research model of Triplett(1898) significantly built a bridge be-tween philosophy analysis and scientific measure ,which solved some sport psychology research problems such as the pure theory analysis is lack of proof and the pure quantitative investiga-tion is lack of theoretical depth ,and shown the discipline trait of sport psychology which is be-tween society and science .In summary ,Triplett (1898 ) is like the “ape” in the process of sport psychology goes to science from philosophy ,and the research model showed (present the theoretical hypotheses ,empirical study ,conclusions ) which is the best symbol .According to the modern sport psychology theories ,Triplett (1898) which includes higher academic values , but there is no significant support for the development of sport psychology .

  10. Academic Achievement of Elementary Students: A Comparison Study of Student Athletes versus Nonathletes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyke, Kimberly Renee

    2013-01-01

    The place of sports in academic institutions has been analyzed at length for several years. However most studies focus on the participation of high school and university students in school sports. Very little research exists to suggest a positive or negative correlation between academic achievement and participation in interscholastic sports at…

  11. SPORTS COVERAGE IN NATIONAL DAILIES

    OpenAIRE

    Cemil Çendek; Oğuz Özbek

    2010-01-01

    This study aims to examine how national daily newspapers handle the sports. Under this broad purpose, it was examined how much the newspapers cover sports, and how sports news were distributed by type, photograph and gender. Content analysis method was used in the study. The population for the research was the entire national newspapers in Turkey. The sample included the top five papers by circulation.Milliyet, Sabah and Zaman were the papers which had most coverage of sports. Looking at the ...

  12. Project and Sports Events Management

    OpenAIRE

    Sebastian Madalin MUNTEANU

    2011-01-01

    This paper tries to capture the importance it holds the project management in socio-cultural sector which stands out when we refer to the sport. So when we talk about project management in sport, to consider a much larger vision, a new project management perspective, they involve a responsibility for the implementation of an event with global impact on very long term. Sports projects, as history shows us, played a significant role in developing societies. Also, all major sports industry proje...

  13. 06381 Executive Summary -- Computer Science in Sport

    OpenAIRE

    Baca, Arnold

    2006-01-01

    The seminar dealt with a dynamically developing interdisciplinary area, where qualitative and non-deterministic paradigms from Sport like behavioural processes and modelling meet technological and structural paradigms from Computer Science. New demands, new concepts and technologies, and future trends in both disciplines were discussed. Internationally well known researchers as well as researchers from the younger generation participated in this seminar and discussed their recent work an...

  14. 中国元素在国际运动品牌产品外观设计中的应用与思考--以网球系列产品为例%Application and Consideration of Chinese Element in International Sports Brand’s Product Appearance De-sign:For Example Tennis Series Products

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陕威; 孙娣

    2015-01-01

    The use of literature, case analysis and others research methods to study of the application that the Chi-nese elements in international sports brand’s product de-sign. Research shows that the international sports brand product design for the Chinese market often use of Chi-nese color create a consumption atmosphere,cause the e-motional resonance with consumers;use of Chinese graph-ic symbols to build brand image of the personality,to en-hance the efficiency of brand appeal, narrow the psycho-logical distance with consumers;clever use of Chinese characters enhance the implications of brand cultural,en-hance the cultural identity with consumers. The major is-sues about the international sports brand product design is that split the link between“inside”and“outside”on Chi-nese element and the use of representation,this brings me some enlightenment in our local sports brand. Through this research to provide a theoretical reference for our local sports brand to accurate develop and reasonable use of Chinese elements in product design.%运用文献资料和案例分析等研究方法,对国际运动品牌产品外观设计中中国元素的应用进行分析。研究表明国际运动品牌针对中国市场的产品外观设计,常常使用中国色彩营造消费氛围,引起消费者的情感共鸣;运用中国图形符号塑造品牌个性形象,提升品牌诉求效率,拉近同消费者的心理距离;巧用中国汉字提升品牌文化意蕴,增进消费者的文化认同。当前国际运动品牌产品外观设计中主要存在割裂中国元素“内”与“外”之间的联系及运用表象化问题,这带给我国本土运动品牌一些启示。以期为我国本土运动品牌在产品外观设计中准确的开发与合理的运用中国元素提供理论参考。

  15. Integrity & sport events: Position paper

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hover, P.; Dijk, B.; Breedveld, K.; Eekeren, F. van

    2016-01-01

    Sport events are appreciated as important sources of inspiration and positive energy. Yet, for a growing number of people, the negative aspects of sport events have come to cast a shadow over sport events as a positive experience. Questions and doubts have been raised about the transparency and good

  16. Active Citizenship through Sport Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Donovan, Toni M.; MacPhail, Ann; Kirk, David

    2010-01-01

    Sport education (SE) is an instruction model developed amid concerns about the lack of authentic, legitimate opportunities for young people to experience sport through physical education and was designed to facilitate enhanced links between experiences in physical education and those in the wider world of sport. The paper discusses how one UK…

  17. The Sport-Stress Connection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santomier, James

    1983-01-01

    This article explains how and why stress mechanisms operate in students who participate in sports. Students respond to different sport situations with various physical, psychological, and social reactions. When developing and supervising sports, school personnel should take into consideration the physical and psychological development of…

  18. Guide to Eating for Sports

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... Help a Friend Who Cuts? A Guide to Eating for Sports KidsHealth > For Teens > A Guide to Eating for Sports Print A A A Text Size ... Extra for Excellence There's a lot more to eating for sports than chowing down on carbs or ...

  19. Energy Expenditure of Sport Stacking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murray, Steven R.; Udermann, Brian E.; Reineke, David M.; Battista, Rebecca A.

    2009-01-01

    Sport stacking is an activity taught in many physical education programs. The activity, although very popular, has been studied minimally, and the energy expenditure for sport stacking is unknown. Therefore, the purposes of this study were to determine the energy expenditure of sport stacking in elementary school children and to compare that value…

  20. Nuclear medicine in sports

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nuclear medicine can synergistically contribute to the sports medicine field, in the management of sports-related stress injures. Bone scintigraphy is commonly requested for evaluation of athletes with pain. Three-Phase 99mTc MDP Bone Scan has emerged as the imaging reference standard for diagnosing such injuries. The inherently high-contrast resolution of the bone scan allows early detection of bone trauma and becomes positive within six to seventy-two hours after the onset of symptoms. The bone scan is able to demonstrate stress injuries days to weeks before the radiograph

  1. Physics of ball sports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cohen, C.; Clanet, C.

    2016-06-01

    Ball sports have been part of human history for thousands of years [1]. Nowadays, 13 of them are part of the Olympic games (badminton, basketball, beach volley, football/soccer, golf, handball, hockey, rugby, table tennis, tennis, volleyball, water polo, ice hockey). All these games differ by launcher (hand, club, racket, bat), ball (size, shape and mass), pitch size and number of players. These differences induce different ball velocities. Apart from the velocities and the way to maximize them, we discuss in this article the ball trajectories and their impact on the size of sports fields.

  2. Sports and Child Development.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christina Felfe

    Full Text Available The role of curricular activities for the formation of education, health and behavioural outcomes has been widely studied. Yet, the role of extra-curricular activities has received little attention. This study analyzes the effect of participation in sports clubs-one of the most popular extra-curricular activities among children. We use alternative datasets and flexible semi-parametric estimation methods with a specific way to use the panel dimension of the data to address selection into sports. We find positive and robust effects on children's school performance and peer relations. Crowding out of passive leisure activities can partially explain the effects.

  3. Sports and Child Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    The role of curricular activities for the formation of education, health and behavioural outcomes has been widely studied. Yet, the role of extra-curricular activities has received little attention. This study analyzes the effect of participation in sports clubs—one of the most popular extra-curricular activities among children. We use alternative datasets and flexible semi-parametric estimation methods with a specific way to use the panel dimension of the data to address selection into sports. We find positive and robust effects on children’s school performance and peer relations. Crowding out of passive leisure activities can partially explain the effects. PMID:27144474

  4. Ecology Sports Studies Carried Out in School Sports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shuyu, Xia

    In the 1970 s, people began to care for the environment and concern about the ecology thinking in sports, to study the modern sports facing the ecology problems, to explore "people, sports, environment" the harmonious development of the way. In the paper from the actual conditions of the school briefly discuss the advantages of carrying out 3.3 no complete teaching schemas and the main difficulties it faces, and then propose appropriate measures to provide a theoretical basis for the ecology sports better carried out in school sports.

  5. Sports Journalism and the Quality of Sport and Sport Culture in Romania

    OpenAIRE

    Cristian GHENA

    2014-01-01

    The issue of recognition of a sports journalism as a quality component of social life that can positively influence the sports and its perception by the population is omnipresent in contemporary society in Romania.

  6. Exploring Knowledge, Attitudes and Abuse Concerning Doping in Sport among Syrian Pharmacy Students

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mazen El-Hammadi

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to assess pharmacy students’ knowledge about doping substances used in sport, explore their attitudes toward doping and investigate their misuse of doping drugs. A questionnaire was developed and employed to collect data from bachelor of pharmacy (BPharm students at the International University for Science and Technology (IUST. Two-hundred and eighty students participated in this self-administrated, paper-based survey. Around 90% of the students did not appear to know that narcotics, β-blockers and diuretics were used in sport as doping agents. Additionally, proportions between 60% and 80% considered vitamins, energy drinks and amino acids as substances that possess performance-enhancing effects. The main reason for doping, based on students’ response, was to improve muscular body appearance. The vast majority of students agreed that pharmacists should play a major role in promoting awareness about risks of doping. While students showed negative attitudes toward doping, approximately 15% of them, primarily males, had already tried a doping drug or might do so in the future. More than 60% of the students believed that sports-mates and friends are the most influential in encouraging them to take a doping agent. The study highlights the need to provide pharmacy students with advanced theoretical background and practical training concerning doping. This can be achieved by adopting simple, but essential, changes to the current curricula.

  7. COMPARATIVE STUDY OF ACHIEVEMENT MOTIVATION BETWEEN VOLLEYBALL AND HOCKEY PLAYERS

    OpenAIRE

    Ramesh Chand Yadav; Avadhesh Kumar

    2014-01-01

    The objective of the study was to find out the psychological differences between volleyball and hockey players in the relation to sports achievement motivation. In this study, hundred male volleyball (N=50) and hockey (N=50) players were randomly selected as the subjects for the study. The subjects selected from the state of Uttar Pradesh. The age levels of the subjects were ranged from 18 to 25 years. To assess the achievement motivation, with help of Sports Achievement Motiv...

  8. The integrated model of sport confidence: a canonical correlation and mediational analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koehn, Stefan; Pearce, Alan J; Morris, Tony

    2013-12-01

    The main purpose of the study was to examine crucial parts of Vealey's (2001) integrated framework hypothesizing that sport confidence is a mediating variable between sources of sport confidence (including achievement, self-regulation, and social climate) and athletes' affect in competition. The sample consisted of 386 athletes, who completed the Sources of Sport Confidence Questionnaire, Trait Sport Confidence Inventory, and Dispositional Flow Scale-2. Canonical correlation analysis revealed a confidence-achievement dimension underlying flow. Bias-corrected bootstrap confidence intervals in AMOS 20.0 were used in examining mediation effects between source domains and dispositional flow. Results showed that sport confidence partially mediated the relationship between achievement and self-regulation domains and flow, whereas no significant mediation was found for social climate. On a subscale level, full mediation models emerged for achievement and flow dimensions of challenge-skills balance, clear goals, and concentration on the task at hand. PMID:24334324

  9. China Sport Show:More Professional and on a Larger Scale

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The 26th China Sport Show will be held in New China International Exhibition Center,Beijing,from May 20 to 23,2010.As a fast-growing sport show,it has been playing an important role in promoting the development of Chinese brands and the cooperation of the enterprises.This year,the sport show is welcoming over 1000 exhibitors and 50,000 trade visitors from over 60 countries and regions.

  10. Nationalism, mass politics, and sport cold war case studies at seven degrees

    OpenAIRE

    Buckel, Bart A.

    2008-01-01

    This study treats the role of sport in international relations in the Cold War. The era of nationalism and total war in the twentieth century produced one of the most violent periods in European history prior to, and including, World War II. The masses were mobilized around myths, legends, and symbols of extraordinary power. Sport and physical culture were viewed initially as a means of creating societies more fit for war and quickly became a tremendous social movement. Sports became a pri...

  11. Structure of personality and motivation of extreme sports athletes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jana Mahnič

    2005-09-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of research was to define the eventual differences between personal and motivational structure among extreme sports athletes and non-athletes. Beside personal and motivational structure of both mentioned groups, we also examined state and trait anxiety as significant factors of success. We used a medium lengthy version of FPI inventory, Costell's questionnaire of achievement motivation and Spielberg's questionnaire STAI – X1 and STAI – X2. The pattern included 66 extreme sports athletes. We concluded that extreme sports athletes are significantly less suppressed and sincere, whereas they are more extrovert and masculine in comparison with the group of non-athletes. A trend that individuals, who reach for extreme sports, are more sociable, and less neurotic is pointed out, but it is not of significant importance. We found out that there is also a tendency that extreme sports athletes express more positive achievement motivation than non-athletes, who on the other hand express significantly higher negative achievement motivation. The analysis of anxiety differences on the other hand showed that extreme sports athletes have significantly lower state of anxiety and the anxiety itself as atrait is far less visible, but the difference did not appear as significant. The results however did not confirme previous studies' findings. Nevertheless they serve as a contribution to some earlier findings and suggest that extreme sports athletes are a special group, which differs from non-athlete population in both personal and motivational structure and relatively well suits to the profile of a top athlete. At the same time, the present research offers a possibility of shaping an extreme sports athlete's profile.

  12. VIEW OF THE ORGANIZATIONAL JUSTICE THEORY IN SPORT MANAGEMENT CONSTITUTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamer KARADEMİR

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available This study was performed to show the sport manager to importance of the organizational justice which affects on the attitude and behavior of the sport organization workers, in order to obtain organizational and individual success.It is necessary to realize the factors which negative effects on people performance and accounting the human requirements and expectations because the human factor is really important in the area of social, political, economy and management in order to provide productivity. This study was prepared with theoretical frame and under the light of related literature. It was evaluated in sportive extent of perceptional styles of the distributional, procedural and Interactional justice types is accepted as organizational justice variables in perceptional As a result the sport of today became a sector as economical mean and industry. Management of sport cannot be thought separated from general management. For this reason in order to obtain success in national and international competition every aspect of the sport, the sport manager who has the power of directing and managing sport beware of the organizational and individual success depend on the justice approach to organization workers and as well as every innovation progress.

  13. Imaging of orthopedic sports injuries

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This volume provides an updated review of imaging abnormalities in orthopedic sports injuries. The first part of the book contains background information on relevant basic science and general imaging principles in sports traumatology. The second part comprises a topographic discussion of sports injuries. Each chapter highlights the merit of different imaging techniques, focused on a specific clinical problem. In the third part, natural history, monitoring and follow-up by imaging are discussed. This well-illustrated book will be of value for musculoskeletal radiologists, orthopedic surgeons, sports physicians and everyone else involved in sports medicine. (orig.)

  14. Bone imaging in sports medicine.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shikare S

    1997-07-01

    Full Text Available Increased participation in sports by the general public leads to increase in sports induced injuries including stress fractures, shin splints, arthritis and host of musculotendenous maladies. We have studied twenty patients referred from sports clinic for bone scanning to evaluate clinically difficult problems. It showed stress fracture in twelve patients, bilateral shin splint in five patients and normal bone scan in three patients. Present study highlights the utility of bone imaging for the diagnosis of various sports injuries in sports medicine.

  15. Practical experiences in preventing violence at sporting events

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vuković Slaviša

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper first discusses the characteristics of the current forms of violence at sporting events, especially football games, as well as the factors that lead to the manifestation of violence. Then, the author explains the possibilities of improving social measures in preventing violence at sporting events, in addition to existing measures of situational prevention. In the field of social prevention it is especially emphasized the importance of cooperation between fans and sports clubs and the role of other entities whose activities are important or can be important in the field of social prevention. Traditionally, police and private security sector services have an important role in preventing violence at sports events. However, origin of violence lies mostly outside sports and sporting events are often places for manifestation of violence, which requires measures of social prevention of an equal, if not greater, extent. It can be realistically expected that social prevention measures achieve long-term effects in reducing violence at sporting events. Also, exclusive or dominant situational prevention measures can have short-term impact on reducing this kind of violence. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 179045: Razvoj institucionalnih kapaciteta, standarda i procedura za suprotstavljanje organizovanom kriminalu i terorizmu u uslovima međunarodnih integracija

  16. 优化体育资金分配促进体育效益大发展%Optimizing the Allocation of Sports Funds to Facilitate the Development of Sports Benefits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王毅

    2012-01-01

    The allocation of sports fund is related to the achievement of the general goal of the State Sports and its strategic plan. It is significant to the sports development in our country. Optimizing the allocation of sports fund, giving consideration to competitive sports and mass sports, and promoting the self-development of sports by sports industry can facilitate the development of social and economic benefits.%体育资金的分配关系到国家体育总体目标和战略性规划的实现,对我国体育事业的发展具有重要的意义.优化体育资金分配,兼顾竞技体育和群众体育,以体育产业带动体育自身造血功能,促进体育的社会效益与经济效益双发展.

  17. Sports Injuries in Children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taft, Timothy N.

    1991-01-01

    A literature review revealed an absence of well-controlled studies concerning the prevention of sports injuries in children. A checklist outlines some causes of the overuse syndrome, including (1) training errors; (2) the nature of playing surfaces; (3) muscle imbalance; (4) anatomic malalignments; (5) construction of shoes; and (6) various…

  18. "Emerging" Sports for Women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blum, Debra E.

    1994-01-01

    The National Collegiate Athletic Association has recently introduced nine new sports to intercollegiate athletics: team handball, archery, badminton, bowling, crew, ice hockey, squash, synchronized swimming, and water polo. The initiative is intended to encourage colleges to create more athletic opportunities for women. It sets scholarship limits…

  19. AI Sport Forecast Software

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kiyomi Cerezo Takahash

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to explain the development of an application whose function is to predict the results of different sporting encounters. To do this an analysis of the influential factors, algorithms and technology implemented, will be carried out.

  20. Women in Sport Course.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Mary Ann; And Others

    1980-01-01

    The philosophy, purpose, grading procedure, and course requirements for the University of Delaware's "Women in Sports" course are set forth. A course outline is provided, along with tips and a resource materials listing for those interested in initiating similar programs. (LH)

  1. Volunteers in Sport Organizations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    VESNA CILERDZIC

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The research is done in order to describe student’s attitudes on volunteering in sport. The sample consists of 231 students from Serbia, average age 21,06±3,12years. They were from eight colleges and faculties. For nominal and ordinal variables, frequencies were determined. Many of examined students have volunteering experiences. The results confirm that students believe that we live in a society which his generally thought only to its own benefit; they think that volunteering can not solve the problems in society; that people do not have enough experience with volunteering and people do not have time to volunteering; volunteering is for young people; in their family and among friends, there are no volunteers; everyone could be volunteer only if that wishes; do not believe that volunteering is a waste of time and it helps in future career. The prevalent number of students, regardless of the Faculty which they belong, rarely volunteered in areas outside of sport. Results also shows that students from sport faculties have less experience in volunteering in sport than students from other faculties, but this difference is not dramatic.

  2. Democratization of sports

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Švácha, Rostislav

    Prague: Prostor - architektura, interiér, design, 2012 - (Švácha, R.), s. 46-58 ISBN 978-80-87064-09-2 Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : architecture * sport * democratization Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  3. Socialistický sport

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Švácha, Rostislav

    Praha: Prostor - architektura, interiér, design, 2012 - (Švácha, R.), s. 186-199 ISBN 978-80-87064-08-5 Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : architecture * sport * state control Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  4. Sports hall in Prague

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Svobodová, Markéta

    Prague: Prostor - architektura, interiér, design, 2012 - (Švácha, R.), s. 204-207 ISBN 978-80-87064-09-2 Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : sports hall * Jiří Bendík * Václav Horák * Václav Krásný Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  5. Aristokratický sport

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Švácha, Rostislav

    Praha: Prostor - architektura, interiér, design, 2012 - (Švácha, R.), s. 14-19 ISBN 978-80-87064-08-5 Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : architecture * sport * aristocracy Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  6. Roma und Sport

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hastrmanová, Šárka; Bartoš, F.; Peliš, M.

    Baltmannsweiler : Schneider Verlag Hohengehren, 2008, s. 137-151. ISBN 978-3-8340-0336-2 Grant ostatní: Evropská komise(XE) 119019-CP-1-2004-1-DECOMENIUS-C21 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70280505 Keywords : Roma people * mobility * sport Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography

  7. Financing the Sport Enterprise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sawyer, Thomas H.; Hypes, Michael G.; Hypes, Julia Ann

    2004-01-01

    This book is intended to provide students in sport management curricula and professional practitioners with the first comprehensive survey coverage of the many traditional and innovative aspects of financial management. The focus of this text is on the basis of financial management including but not limited to diversification of revenue,…

  8. Sport og etik

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Rasmus Bysted

    Sportsidealismens grundsyn på forholdet mellem sport og moral har længe domineret sportsetikken. Opfattelsen, der går ud på, at sporten udgør frugtbar jord for dyrkelse af et moralsk sindelag, fordi sporten indeholder en moralsk dimension i kraft af sin egen-natur, understøttes ikke af den...... forholdet mellem sport og moral kom således til at bekræfte og delvist forklare empirien på området. Endeligt kunne sportsidealismens hovedtese tilbagevises, for så vidt at den omhandler forholdet mellem sport og moral i dette sidste ords moderne betydning. Dette skete i artiklens afsluttende fjerde afsnit......, hvor forskellen mellem antik og moderne etik blev tydeliggjort. På baggrund af den præsenterede undersøgelse af forholdet mellem sport og moral kan vi konkludere, at sporten isoleret set ikke egner sig som arnested for udviklingen af et moralsk sindelag, idet sporten ikke indeholder den af...

  9. Competitive Anxiety in Sport.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martens, Rainer; And Others

    This book is a comprehensive review of competitive anxiety research that has used the Sport Competition Anxiety Test, or SCAT (a trait scale), and the Competitive State Anxiety Inventory-2 (CSAI-2). The book describes the theoretical basis and development procedures for both scales, including detailed information on reliability and validity. In…

  10. Motion synthesis for sports using unobtrusive lightweight body-worn and environment sensing

    OpenAIRE

    Kelly, Philip; O Conaire, Ciaran; O'Connor, Noel E.; Hodgins, Jessica

    2013-01-01

    The ability to accurately achieve performance capture of athlete motion during competitive play in near real-time promises to revolutionise not only broadcast sports graphics visualisation and commentary, but also potentially performance analysis, sports medicine, fantasy sports and wagering. In this paper, we present a highly portable, non-intrusive approach for synthesising human athlete motion in competitive game-play with lightweight instru- mentation of both the athlete and field of play...

  11. Sport Education at Russian High Schools (from 18th to 21st century)

    OpenAIRE

    Elena KOMOVA; Litvinov, Sergey; Anna SKOTNIKOVA

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to trace the origin of Sport Education in Russian secondary educational establishments from its beginning to the present day. Sport Education in Russia was closely connected with the state demands in the various fields, especially in health protection, military and naval. It developed in accordance with the mainstream of education in Russia attracting the European achievements in this sphere. In modern Russia a great attention is paid to school sport on the gover...

  12. Evaluation and Comparison of Individual and Group Sports in the Social Adjustment of Students

    OpenAIRE

    Seyed Hossein Mousavi

    2012-01-01

    Due to the role of sports in youth social adjustment and social skills in their interpersonal relationships and social skills associated with academic achievement and their role in reducing mental and psychological problems ,we conducted this study to examine the role of physical activity in different sport fields. In order to compare the social skills of male students participating in the team and individual sports in Islamic Azad University of Zanjan, we chose 30 randomly as the sample size...

  13. The influence of economic indicators over the management activities for company in sports

    OpenAIRE

    Sebahattin DEVECIOGLU; Laurentiu-Gabriel TALAGHIR; Teodora Mihaela ICONOMESCU; Carmen CRETU

    2013-01-01

    The sports activities permanently have attracted investors' attention because the target audience is very varied. Whether they are addressing for sports performance or for sport for all, the companies which provide services or products want to gain the profits. To achieve profits, managers should consider about elements of the company's evolution to profitability besides market demand. The purpose of our paper is that to show some economic indicators which are useful in management activities....

  14. The History of the development of some summer sports in Udmurtia

    OpenAIRE

    Elena L. Busygina; Arina N. Pislegina

    2014-01-01

    The article gives a brief history of the development in Udmurtia some summer sports: athletics, basketball and acrobatics. It is shown, that the level of development of sports in the Udmurt Republic, is depending on the degree of government's supporting. On the example of athletics can be seen the rapid development of the sport. Basketball is an example of conservation of the Soviet level of achievement. Acrobatics, practically non-supported as in soviet times and now, no has any successful.

  15. ESTIMATION OF SPORTS-TECHNICAL READINESS OF STUDENTS OF METHODICAL BRANCH «FOOTBALL» MSUCE

    OpenAIRE

    Shamonin Andrey Valentinovich

    2012-01-01

    Increase of sports-technical skill in sports occurs on the basis of last achievements of the theory and physical training and sports practice. Development of football isn't possible without search and introduction in training process of optimum pedagogical models of perfection of physical and technical readiness of football players. Such pedagogical models should be applied, as in groups of initial preparation, so at the subsequent grade levels, including in student's football. Modern trainin...

  16. Ethics in Sport: Socio - Political Point of View

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert C. S CHNEIDER

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Sport is a natural medium for bringing together people of different backgrounds throughout the world. If grounded in ethics and if participants follow the rules and cooperate, sport can be a conduit for world harmony (Sport great for human bonding, 2010.A s international relationships are developed through sport, those relationships can help support larger global endeavors in pursuit of a better world. If international sport based relationships are grounded in Mill’s utilitarianism that calls for actions re sulting in the most long - term happiness for the most amount of people (Mill, 1863/1969 those relationships are well positioned to transition to the domain of governmental politics, where meaningful attempts to resolve large world issues can be addressed, under the same utilitarian premise. In pursuit of a better world, identifying common groundamong the many differences held by people throughout the world is a magnanimous challenge. Beauchamp’s (1982 practical suggestion that common sense, habits, and pas t experience are most helpful when attempting to select actions that will determine long - term happiness. Moving beyond sport and transferring the application of Beauchamp’s practical utilitarian approach to larger global conflicts, can help guide governmen ts as they engage in the necessary politics, to move toward improving global problems in the interest of world harmony.

  17. Local Positioning Systems in (Game) Sports

    OpenAIRE

    Roland Leser; Arnold Baca; Georg Ogris

    2011-01-01

    Position data of players and athletes are widely used in sports performance analysis for measuring the amounts of physical activities as well as for tactical assessments in game sports. However, positioning sensing systems are applied in sports as tools to gain objective information of sports behavior rather than as components of intelligent spaces (IS). The paper outlines the idea of IS for the sports context with special focus to game sports and how intelligent sports feedback systems can b...

  18. Marketing management of sport and tourism - Introduction

    OpenAIRE

    Bieger, Thomas; Beritelli, Pietro

    2003-01-01

    Marketing Management of sport and tourism does not just mean marketing of touristic sport products. Marketing management of sport and tourism can be divided into marketing of sport activities, events or infrastructure for people outside the location and marketing of tourism through sport activities, events and sport infrastructure. A system approach is introduced to serve as a model for explaining interrelations between the different elements in the sport and tourism context. As such destinat...

  19. Problems of Sport Biomechanics and Robotics

    OpenAIRE

    Erdmann, Wlodzimierz S.

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents many common areas of interest of different specialists. There are problems described from sport, biomechanics, sport biomechanics, sport engineering, robotics, biomechanics and robotics, sport biomechanics and robotics. There are many approaches to sport from different sciences and engineering. Robotics is a relatively new area and has had moderate attention from sport specialists. The aim of this paper is to present several areas necessary to develop sport robots based on...

  20. The Socialising Function of Sport in the Process of Civilisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudolf Leber

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: The development of sport is certainly one of the great cultural and especially civilising achievements in the history of mankind. Particularly due to its socialising function, sport plays a significant role in the context of civilising processes. Approach: Sport as a mass phenomenon also offers the possibility of exploiting and abusing the general public. Not too long ago, totalitarian systems and regimes used to take advantage of sport for their ideological means; whereas nowadays there certainly is the danger of exploitation due to massive economic interests, which are additionally fuelled and popularised by media networks. An important factor to act contrary to this alarming development and especially in top-class sport-would be to continue to strengthen the ego-functions of man, emphasise his autonomy and to always point out the uniqueness and singularity of his existence. Particularly a pluralistic/democratic and open form of society provides the opportunity to elucidate and counteract. Results: As sport represents-by its clearly defined rules (strict rules and regulations in each individual sport-laws of the game and sanction mechanisms (through regulations an ideal field of exerting social action, it can also train conformity to standards in sports. The resulting risks of success and situations of disappointment associated with sport can have a positive impact on each individual in the long term (ego identity, training the id-ego-superego. Sport can show here its socialising function and help develop the athletes’ solidarity. Conclusion/Recommendation: From today’s perspective and with increasingly scarce budgetary funds, sport with its claim to (construction areas, locations for sports facilities and especially financial funds, is of course competing with other municipal fields of responsibility, such as hospital administration, education, social security, youth care and eldercare. Therefore, it will be a main task

  1. Branding the rodeo: a case study of tobacco sports sponsorship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ling, Pamela M; Haber, Lawrence A; Wedl, Stefani

    2010-01-01

    Rodeo is one of the few sports still sponsored by the tobacco industry, particularly the US Smokeless Tobacco Company. Rodeo is popular in rural communities, where smokeless tobacco use is more prevalent. We used previously secret tobacco industry documents to examine the history and internal motivations for tobacco company rodeo sponsorship. Rodeos allow tobacco companies to reach rural audiences and young people, enhance brand image, conduct market research, and generate positive press. Relationships with athletes and fans were used to fight proposed restrictions on tobacco sports sponsorship. Rodeo sponsorship was intended to enhance tobacco sales, not the sport. Rural communities should question the tradition of tobacco sponsorship of rodeo sports and reject these predatory marketing practices. PMID:19910357

  2. MANIFESTO FOR PHYSICAL EDUCATION AND SPORTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adrian Dragnea

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available This manifesto elaboration was dictated by the necessity of rendering aware and consolidating, amongthe people and the decision bodies, the role of physical education and sports1 in the modern Romanian society, asa health, education and social integration factor.The formative-educative motor activities are confronted with newly-issued dangers and challenges thathave imposed this approach:- the statistics about the population’s health state, particularly among the young people, emphasizealarming increases of the morbidity ratio, sedentariness and obesity being the main factorsresponsible for the onset of different physical and psychical disorders;- the perspective of a population with a precarious health and the diminution of people’s motorcapacity jeopardize the durable economic development and the national security;- the diminution of people’s perception upon the formative role played by physical education andsports, which is reflected by the reduced number of physical education lessons in the corecurriculum,for certain categories of pupils, as well as by the reduced time allotted to sportspracticing;- the alarming reduced number of children and young people who practice sports, under differentforms;- the diminution of the Romanian sports performances at the international level, especially whencompeting in major contests - Olympic Games, World Championships and EuropeanChampionships;- the lack of consistency when applying the legislation in force, in relation with physical educationand sports, as well as the disharmonic points of view expressed by the decision factors (ministries,agencies etc.;- the alarming increased number of violence and corruption acts on the sports arenas and outsidethem, the young athletes’ exploitation, doping, racism, facts that are detrimental to the sportsphenomenon very essence.This document aims at stimulating the elaboration of some social policies and developmental strategiesat the national and local

  3. Procurement of public sports service by government international experience and Chinaˊs promotion path%政府购买公共体育服务的国际经验与我国推进路径

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    詹兴永

    2015-01-01

    The developed countries have made much experience in government procurement of public sports services and can provide important reference and help for China.To promote the development of Chinaˊs governmental procurement of public sports services,it is required to focus on institution construction and promote the standardization and scientization of the procurement;to make a steady expansion of the procurement scope and manner of by taking sports management system as a break-through;to constantly promote the maturation and development of subjects that undertake the pro-curement by developing nonprofit sports organizations;to improve the development of public sports service market by strengthening the orientation of government publicity and policy making.%发达国家在政府购买公共体育服务方面取得了很多重要经验,可以给我国提供重要的借鉴与帮助。要促进我国政府购买公共体育服务的发展,必须以制度建设为重点,尽快促进我国政府购买公共体育服务的规范化、科学化;以体育管理体制改革为突破口,稳步扩大购买的范围和方式;以培育体育非营利组织为依托,不断促进承接主体的成熟和发展;以强化政府宣传与政策制定为导向,不断促进公共体育服务市场的发展。

  4. Connection between sport and economics within the European context

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dan Mihai Jitaru

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The sport, in its capacity as a social and economic phenomenon, contributes to achieving the strategic objectives of solidarity and prosperity of the European Union. The sport is based on the notion that peace, tolerance, mutual understanding and education, which correspond to the European ideal. The sport is currently experiencing new phenomena, such as commercial pressure, trafficking in human beings, doping, racism, violence, corruption and money laundering. It has a huge social force. It can also be “a factor to promote integration, fair play and public health", said Wolfganag Schauble, federal Minister of the Interior of Germany, in the informal meeting of the Ministers of Sport in the European Union.

  5. Sport participation motives of young Brazilian judo athletes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dartagnan Pinto Guedes

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to identify the motives for sport participation in a sample of young judo athletes according to sex, age, and training history. A total of 392 subjects aged 12 to 18 years old participated in the study. Portuguese version of the Participation Motivation Questionnaire was used to identify motives for sports participation. Boys reported giving significantly more importance to sports participation in terms of Competition and Skill Development, whereas girls presented significantly higher ratings for Teamwork and Friendship. Motivational factors related to Achievement/Status and Fun presented significantly higher average ratings in younger judo athletes, whereas average ratings of Competition significantly increased with increasing age. Average ratings related to Fitness, Competition and Skill Development were proportionally and significantly higher according to training experience and training volume. These results will contribute to establishing intervention programs designed to reduce sport dropout rates among young judo athletes.

  6. Motivation and motoric tests in sports

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karaba-Jakovljević Dea

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Motivation in sport performance has been an interesting topic for many investigators during the past decade. This area can be considered from different viewpoints: motivation for participation in sport activity, achievement motivation, competitiveness etc. Motivation plays an important role in all out tests, as well as in sport activities and at all levels of competition. Motivation climate, or positive social environment may influence and modulate motivation of individuals involved in sports. Experience has shown that conventional encouragement and feedback during the test may affect its outcome. According to Wingate research team recommendations, verbal encouragement, as a motivation factor, was given to all examined subjects during Wingate anaerobic test, which is considered the most reliable test for assessing anaerobic capacity. The investigated group consisted of 30 young men - medical students, who were not actively involved in any programmed sport activity. The investigated group included second-year students of the Faculty of Medicine in Novi Sad chosen by random sampling. The Wingate anaerobic test was performed in all subjects, and changes of parameters when test was performed with verbal encouragement, were recorded. The results show statistically significant increase of Wingate test parameters when conducted with verbal encouragement: anaerobic power (622/669 W; relative anaerobic power (7.70/8.27 W/kg; slope of the power (95.5/114 W/s; relative slope of the power (1.18/1.40 W/s/kg; anaerobic capacity (12.7/13.2 kJ and relative anaerobic capacity (158/164 J/kg.

  7. What Makes Teenagers Continue? a Salutogenic Approach to Understanding Youth Participation in Swedish Club Sports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thedin Jakobsson, Britta

    2014-01-01

    Background: International studies have revealed that young people engage in sports because of friends, the enjoyment of participation, and the ability to feel healthy. Furthermore, it is often argued that sports should be characterized as joyful and provide both recreational and elite investment. In Sweden, many children participate in club sports…

  8. Triunfo, desgraça e outros impostores: um ensaio sobre hierarquia e exclusão no esporte e nas relações internacionais Triumph, disaster and other impostors: an essay on hierarchy and exclusion in sports and international relations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Santos Vieira de Jesus

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo é examinar as limitações da visão cosmopolita em torno do esporte e da atuação das organizações internacionais no estímulo às atividades esportivas como meio de reconciliação social em zonas de conflito e promoção dos direitos humanos. O argumento central indica que o fato de viabilizar maior contato entre diferentes culturas não significa que o esporte tenha o potencial de fazer transformações de larga escala na interação com o Outro. Além disso, o estímulo à cooperação social no âmbito esportivo tem menos relação com a eliminação de hierarquias de longa data entre as diferenças e sim com a satisfação de interesses políticos e econômicos de diversos atores no sistema internacional. É possível perceber a permanência de estruturas logocêntricas e de formas dicotômicas de pensar que marcam a linguagem e o pensamento na interação entre as relações internacionais e o esporte. As organizações internacionais - muitas dominadas por Estados autointeressados - fazem pouco para incorporar a maioria das pessoas com pouca oportunidade, e suas iniciativas de incentivo ao esporte para a paz e desenvolvimento recebem poucas verbas, são pouco planejadas e não atuam de forma a promover uma transformação efetiva e de larga escala das visões depreciativas sobre a diferença.The aim is to examine the limitations of the cosmopolitan view on sport and the role of international organizations in fostering sports as means of social reconciliation in conflict areas and promotion of human rights. The central argument indicates that the fact of bringing greater contact between different cultures does not mean that sport has the potential to make large-scale transformations in the interaction with the Other. Furthermore, the stimulus to social cooperation in sports has less to do with the elimination of longstanding hierarchies between differences than with the satisfaction of political and economic interests of

  9. Recombinant human erythropoietin in sports: a review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rafael Maia de Almeida Bento

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Erythropoietin is an endogenous hormone of glicoproteic nature secreted by the kidneys and is the main regulator of the erythropoiesis. An alteration in its production generates a disturbance in the plasmatic concentration giving rise to several types of pathologies related to the hematopoietic system. The recombinant forms of erythropoietin have indiscriminately been used by athletes, mainly in endurance sports, by increasing the erythrocytes concentration, generating a better delivery of oxygen to the muscle tissue. The administration of recombinant erythropoietin was prohibited by the International Olympic Committee and its use considered as doping. This review has the intention to describe the physical, biological and pharmacokinetic properties of the endogenous erythropoietin, as well as its recombinant form, describing also its use in sports and the process of searching methodologies for its detection in doping control.

  10. Does the use of dietary supplements enhance athletes’ sport performances? A systematic review and a meta-analysis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Concetta De Meo

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: The consumption of dietary supplements has increased in recent years.Despite their widespread use, there is confusion about effects on sport performances.The aim of this study was to investigate association between use of supplements and enhance of athletes’ sports performance.Methods: A review and a meta-analysis of studies conducted on Dietary Supplements and Sports between 2003 and 2013 were performed. Enhancement on sport performances was considered as outcome. The following aspects related to enhancement were considered: ergogenic effect (EE, time to exhaustion (TTE, muscular endurance (ME, post-exercise recovery (PER and body mass (BM. With respect to meta-analysis, data on level of post Exercise Glucose (GpE [mg/dL] and level of post exercise Lactate (LpE [mmol/L] were considered as  indicators of TTE, PER and EE. Similarly, Change in Body Mass (CBM [kg] was used as indicator of BM.Results: The most investigated dietary supplements were: Creatine, Carbohydrates, Beta-alanine, Proteins. The qualitative analysis evaluating the effect of supplements on sports listed by the International Olympic Committee has achieved interesting results: supplements didn’t show statistically significant effects when compared to placebo in more than 48% of papers.For the quantitative analysis, 15 studies were considered. The meta-analysis showed that there was no significant effect of Beta-alanine, Creatine and Carbohydrates on LpE and GpE. Furthermore, a non-significant increase in BM was observed in athletes undergoing Creatine compared to placebo.Conclusion: Considering the increasing attention to this topic, it would be interesting to investigate the existing awareness about effectiveness and possible risks of supplements.

  11. Gender issues in sport and exercise

    OpenAIRE

    Macfarlane, Duncan J

    1996-01-01

    Proceedings of the Gender Issues in Sport and Exercise Conference organised by the Centre for Physical Education and Sport, the Physical Education and Sports Science Unit of the University of Hong Kong, and sponsored by the Hong Kong Sports Development Board, Saturday, 25 November 1995, Sports House, Causeway Bay, Hong Kong.

  12. Sport and Christian ethics: towards a theological ethic for sport

    OpenAIRE

    White, John Bentley

    2011-01-01

    From the time of the early church to the present century, Christian assumptions about and theological responses to sport have been problematic. In the present century, evangelicals in North America lack a developed theological ethic about how Christians should regard modern sport--the practices, purposes, and values. What little theology there is, is an uninformed folk theology of muscular Christianity in which the primary means of evaluating sport is in terms of its instrument...

  13. An Immersive VR System for Sports Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Song, Peng; Xu, Shuhong; Fong, Wee Teck; Chin, Ching Ling; Chua, Gim Guan; Huang, Zhiyong

    The development of new technologies has undoubtedly promoted the advances of modern education, among which Virtual Reality (VR) technologies have made the education more visually accessible for students. However, classroom education has been the focus of VR applications whereas not much research has been done in promoting sports education using VR technologies. In this paper, an immersive VR system is designed and implemented to create a more intuitive and visual way of teaching tennis. A scalable system architecture is proposed in addition to the hardware setup layout, which can be used for various immersive interactive applications such as architecture walkthroughs, military training simulations, other sports game simulations, interactive theaters, and telepresent exhibitions. Realistic interaction experience is achieved through accurate and robust hybrid tracking technology, while the virtual human opponent is animated in real time using shader-based skin deformation. Potential future extensions are also discussed to improve the teaching/learning experience.

  14. Leadership in sports organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chelladurai, P

    1980-12-01

    The paper describes a multidimensional model of leadership which specifies three states of leader behavior: leader behavior required by the situation, leader behavior preferred by the members, and the actual leader behavior. These three states of leader behavior are defined respectively by the situational characteristics such as the goals, size and structure of the organization and the nature of the work group and its norms; the characteristics of the members such as their personality and ability; and the leader's characteristics such as his personality and ability. The degree of congruence among the three states of leader behavior determines the performance of the group and the satisfaction of the members. Based on the model and on Blau and Scott's (1969) typology of organizations, the paper suggests specific leadership styles appropriate to the various types of sports organizations. Further, leadership styles appropriate to recreational sport and to different levels of athletic teams are also suggested. PMID:7449038

  15. Lesiones deportivas Sports injuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Cristina Gallego Ching

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available El estrés generado por la práctica deportiva ha originado una mayor probabilidad de que los atletas presenten lesiones agudas y crónicas. En el ámbito mundial existen diferentes investigaciones acerca de la incidencia de lesiones deportivas. La comparación de sus resultados es difícil por las diferencias en las características de la población y en la forma de reportar los datos, que varía ampliamente entre los estudios (proporciones o tasas de incidencia o tasas por cada 100 ó 1.000 participantes o tasas por horas de juego o por número de partidos jugados. Las tasas varían entre 1,7 y 53 lesiones por 1.000 horas de práctica deportiva, entre 0,8 y 90,9 por 1.000 horas de entrenamiento, entre 3,1 y 54,8 por 1.000 horas de competición y de 6,1 a 10,9 por 100 juegos. La gran variación entre las tasas de incidencia se explica por las diferencias existentes entre los deportes, los países, el nivel competitivo, las edades y la metodología empleada en los estudios. Se ha definido la lesión deportiva como la que ocurre cuando los atletas están expuestos a la práctica del deporte y se produce alteración o daño de un tejido, afectando el funcionamiento de la estructura. Los deportes de contacto generan mayor riesgo de presentar lesiones; se destacan al respecto los siguientes: fútbol, rugby, baloncesto, balonmano, artes marciales y jockey. Las lesiones ocurren con mayor probabilidad en las competencias que en el entrenamiento. Stress generated by sports practice has increased the probability that athletes suffer from acute and chronic injuries. Worldwide, there have been many different investigations concerning the incidence of sport injuries. The different ways in which results have been presented makes it difficult to compare among them. Rates of sports injuries vary between 1.7 and 53 per 1.000 hours of sports practice; 0.8 and 90.9 per 1.000 hours of training; 3.1 and 54.8 per 1.000 hours of competition, and 6.1 and 10.9 per 100

  16. Sports Drink Update

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    @@KEY POINTS: 1)The ideal fluid replacement beverage is one that tastes good to the athlete, does not cause gastrointestinal discomfort when consumed in large volumes, promotes rapid fluid absorption and maintenance of extracellular fluid volume, and provides energy to working muscles. 2)Sports drinks containing 6-8 percent carbohydrate maintain circulatory and thermoregulatory function during exercise as well as plain water and provide greater performance benefits than water. 3)The small amount of sodium provided by many sports drinks may help maintain fluid and electrolyte balance during prolonged exercise in the heat. 4)Flavored, sweetened beverages encourage voluntary fluid consumption, a response that helps ensure adequate fluid intake during exercise in the heat.

  17. The emergence of global administrative systems: the case of sport.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. Casini

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available The “global” dimension of sport is, in the first instance, regulatory, and it embraces the whole complex of norms produced and implemented by regulatory sporting regimes at the international and domestic levels. These rules include not only private norms set by the International Olympic Committee (IOC and by International Federations (IFs but also “hybrid” public-private norms approved by the World Anti-Doping Agency (WADA and international law (such as the UNESCO Convention Against Doping in Sport. Sports law, therefore, is highly heterogeneous, and, above all, it is not simply transnational, but actually “global”. This law represents an autonomous global legal system, which displays distinctive features such as the presence of some separation of powers (in particular quasi-judicial, with the strategic role played by the Court of Arbitration for Sport and the development of relevant procedural principles (e.g. fairness and due process; and these principles operate both in rulemaking procedures (e.g. the adoption of the WADA Code and in adjudicatory ones (e.g. for disciplinary measures. Finally, this global legal system is made up with several international regulatory regimes, both private – such as the Olympic movement – and hybrid public and private – such as the world anti-doping regime. The paper will deal in particular with this latter issue. The analysis will focus on the global administrative dimensions of sports regimes, together with their inter-institutional relationships and its legal implications for the public and private interaction.

  18. A 21st-Century Framework for Character Formation in Sports

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naylor, Adam H.; Yeager, John M.

    2013-01-01

    The value of athletics in character development has been anecdotally touted for centuries, but the reality is that sporting environments have regularly failed to achieve the potentials of moral education. The shared physical and mental demands of sports combined with the intensity with which much of society approaches competition makes the playing…

  19. Race, Cultural Capital, and the Educational Effects of Participation in Sports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eitle, Tamela McNulty; Eitle, David J.

    2002-01-01

    Considers whether cultural capital, household educational resources, family structure, and race relate to participation in football, basketball, or other sports and whether the effects of participation on academic achievement differ by race and sport. Suggests that cultural disadvantage contributes to increased interest in basketball and football…

  20. Education for Social Change? A Freirean Critique of Sport for Development and Peace

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    R. Spaaij; R. Jeanes

    2013-01-01

    Background: The previous two decades have witnessed an increasing number of policymakers and practitioners using sport programmes to achieve broader social development aims, particularly in countries in the Global South. A core element of these programmes has been the use of sport as a context to pr